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The Greater Vancouver Chinook Oct 17, 1914

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Array fywcouvEii CHINOOK
Vol. III. No. 23
Price 5 cents
Great Road Hog of Toryism Ditched in South Vancouver
South Vancouver Business Men, Conservatives,
Liberals, Laborites, Socialists and Citizens
Generally as One Man Demand That South
Vancouver Must Come First���But the Tory
Machine Snarls "NO" When Royal
Commission on Redistribution Hears Evidence
At Municipal Hall--Painful Scene Is Enacted
It the will "i the people of South I peal for a constituency which would
Vancouver stands for anything, when embrace Se.uth Vancouver and Bur-
the pencil is drawn across the map naby.
of liriti-h Columbia marking eeff the Of course it is a known fact that
new Provincial electoral districts, the! Liberal organization in Burnaby is
Municipality of South Vancouver will j stated tei be quite thorough. It is
he one constituency and there shall be also a known facl that whatever the
two member- from that constituency j political complexion of Semth Van-
in the floor of the Provincial Leg08- couver may be it is nol Conservative,
lature. !'.'"���'  workingmen  of the  district,  in
If. ou the nihcr hand, the will of view of the treatment received dur-
McBride-Bowser machine is ob- '"�� the past number of years through
served. South Vancouver with Bur-! failure of the Provincial Government
naby and a few hundred thousand j to make any_ efforts towards relieving
icres of wild land at the head of Bur- the local situation, e.r t.i pass any
r.-ird Inlet, will be a constituency. ! legislation which might help the work-
r.-ni which two members will be ifl8 man in liritish Columbia can
elected. hanlly be expected to support Messrs.
However, the remaking of the electoral district:, is in the hands of two
supreme court judges. From these
judges   we   may   expect  justice.    Of
McBride-Bowser. With Burnaby and
South Vancuuver coupled up with
representation of two in the Provincial legislature it is possible that such
luugca      eec     ni.t)      c.\|ICCL     Jlisnee.        WI  [  - e^ >.   '.   ������'   ,'������........^   ......      ... ,
���"iirse. the Government isn't obliged8 constituency wouhl be solidly  Lib
'.e accept  the    rcc.iiuincndations    of  l'ral.    Thus   in   the-   new  division   o
,, ���     . lot..!... t    i;i........-.,l    l\:   ...:...     .*    .
these judges.
The  sitting
ti distribution
ef the Commission on
at the Municipal  Hall,
South Yancouver. em Tuesday night
was marvelous for one thing. Every
clique, faction, organization, public
body and  political party  was of th
Richmond Electoral District, from a
Conservative point of view. Xorth
Vancouver, Point Grey and Richmond
would according tee local Conservative- be the least of the evils from a
Conservative point of view when it
came tei an election.      Mr.    Morden
.ingle opinion thai South Vancouver carried specific orders frum tin
.- entitled to twee members in  the
Provincial   Legislature   and-  that   the
Labor Men in South Vancouver
Organize for January Elections
Committee Being Formed Locally Will Conduct Vigorous Fight
To Put Representatives in Council Chamber and School Board
had been unanimous upon the sub
H-e-r. Thc Board of Trade met in the
evening   anil   was   of   one   opinion���
"ire constituency for Seiuth Vancouver and two members to be elected
at large.
Before the Redistribution Commission sat. the Conservative Association j
I South Vancouver expressed to ilu-
lloard of Trade its willingness to ac-
ee.pt one constituency and two members to bo elected at large.
Whe-n   the   Liberal   delegation   ar-
Jpality. He marveled at the state
ment of Mr. Morden who was mit of
harmony in his ideas with all the local Conservatives. .Mr. McGeer set
forth good reaseeiis why South Vancouver should not be linked up with
He   referred   tee   the   stand   of   Mr.
R. C.  Hodgson  on  the question and
to ihe  strong  stand being taken  by
the  Conservatives  generally  ill   South
i Vancouver.    The local Conservatives
vived at the Hall, Mr. K.'V. Hodg
son invited the members tee confer
with the Conservative Association
and the Board of Trade "ii the subject,
At this meeting with Reeve Kerr
present a resolution was moved and
seconded by Liberal delegates and
unanimously carried to the effect that
t> seelid front be shown feir a single
South Vancouver constituency with
iwe. members to be elected at large.
The enquiry opened with the usual
ceremony and Reeve Kerr was the
firsl to speak, lie slati'd that he was
J*''i i" say thai on behalf of the
9 i.in,cil. the Board of Trade, the Liberal anil Conservative Associations
in- was iu favor of ti single- constituency with iwe. members to be elected at large.
"We are unanimous on ihis point."
said the Reeve. "We are prepared
to bury  our party grievances  for the
good of South Vancouver, Our municipality has a vast future before it.
\a .-i single constituency our needs
- uld be best served."
Mr. R. C. Hodgson, presidenl of the
Board of Trade, supported the Reeve
in his statement. He spoke briefly,
but tee the point. "It was," he said.
"the desire of all the people that
South Vancouver have separate and
distinct representation in the Legislature and met to be mixed up in any
way with the adjoining districts
whose interests a-rc met necessaril)
our interests, whose problems are
djfferent   to   ours."
Mr. Hodgson then suggested that
Mr. Ceorge II. Morden, president Of
lhe Richmond Conservative Association, a man who resides in Xorth
Vancouver,  be  heard   from.
Then it was that the machine came
into evidence.���the hated McBridc-
B wser machine, the poverty striking, starvation carrying, death ileal
ing, empire smashing, corrupt, natural resource grabbing, made-in li. C,
mmany   machine.
''Speaking for official Oonserva-
������-." began Mr. Morelcn. "I may
that it i- our belief that the best
-rest- of South Vancouver may be
lied by arranging an electoral dis-
I which will include with Semlli
V dcouver,  the  Municipality di  Bur-
There was Silence.
Proceeding,   Mr.   Morden   pointed
the similiavitv of the two iminici-
ities in respect tn population, their
mhrunity of interest in view of sewage    schemes,   highway   construction.
later   supply   and   what     ne.t.       Mr.
Morden maele a long and eloquent ap-
Ptans are uneler way at this moment that when the election take-
place next January there will be candidates in the field running under labor auspices.
The Trades and Labor Council of
Vancouver have appointed their par-
J lianietitary committee to go into ele-
taiN with a 'view to contesting the
wards in the city anel South Vancou-
ver in the labor interest.
It is a noteworth) fact that with
the huge working class population in
the city then- i- a- yet ne. alderman
school trustee voicing labor's aim*
anel ideals. The same remark applies
with almost greater force- to South
Vancouver. The- greal bulk of the
.'itizens are- working men. union and
non-union, whose wages, hours and
conditions are greatly influenced by
the legislation that i- enacted locally.
Or course there i- hardly an alderman in Vancouver who will n"t
claim that In- represents the working
das-, but���it's a long way to Tipperary.
A local committee is being formed
to lake up the question locally. While
the election i- yet a g i two months'
off  yet   then   is  a   lot   to be el me.
The main stumbling block to labor representation in the past has
been the lack of necessary qualifications ami while that i- a disadvantage still it i- hoped that the six
wan!- in South Vancouver will be
ahle- to nominate candidates on the
labor ticket.
While the campaign .will have the
assistance, moral and financial of the
Trail, anel Labor Council, yet the aim
i- to bring union and non-union worker- together in the fight. No sectarian eer "llle'- i'lll Uelle e- will be allowed to creep into the campaign. The
light i- for l.-ile-.r representation pure
anel simple with all that this implies.
Xow i- the time for the workers to
show their mettle. The chance i- here
right now te. have men in the council
chambers anel other public bodies
who will be able when questions arise
affe ting the worker���and what question (hees in it���to get up and state
the position  from  labor's  standpoint.
It i- intended to call a meeting
shortly with a view te. forming a committee and in the meantime those
who are able and willing to lend
their support should communicate
with   R.   II.   N'eelands, 4465    Quebec
Cedar Cottage Snapshots
Fire Chief Lester Tells How
Fire Loss May be Reduced
Though Local Department is Reaching High Point of Efficiency,,
the Citizen Individually Must Help
were prepared to put the good of the
district ahead of party politics., Mr.
Morden. however, an outsider with
no interests iii South Vancouver, was
not in harmony with local Conservatives em this very vital subject.
South Vancouver's population of 30,-
000 or more was to be jerrymandered
into .'i constituency including Burnaby tee nullify the vote of more than
half the workingmen in British Columbia.
J. T. Armstrong, president of the
South Vancouver Conservative Association, the man who handled the recent Government sale of Fort George
property and must have made enormous profits from it, a man also with
no interests in Seeuth Vancouver and
who does not liie in tlie district, t""k
a bold stand along ��ith Morden. I Ie
pointed oul that regardless of the
opinion of South Vancouver Conservatives, he stood for a constituency
which would take in S,eutli Vancouver and Burnaby with bwo members
to he elected at large that the representation of the artisan population of
liritish Columbia might be kept right
down to the minimum,
Mr. W. J. Prowse. called upon,
stated that he was in favor of twei
members feir'South Vancouver, one
for Point Grey, one for Hurnaby. one
for the Xorth Shore and indeed one
for Richmond if that were possible.
Councillor Thomas, a veteran Conservative, stood out against the machine. He was in favor of two members from South Vancouver, the same
to be elected tit large.
Ex-Councillor F. E, Elliotl endorsed the stand taken by local Conservatives. H was expedient, he said
that Seiuth Vancouver should have
| the fullest and most complete representation in the Provincial legislature.
Trustee William Moir;.-. Oil behalf
,,f the School Hoard, gave facts and
figures tee the- coiuiui - sioii. That
South Vancouver might have her educational weerk fully protected, he
urged as large a representation as
possible in the local holts.-, this district not to be thrown in with any
Mr, Frank Russell, oi Burnaby, was
"In .me Canadian city." saiel Chief]
Lester, of the South Vancouver Fire
Department, "overheated stoves and
furnaces were responsible in 1913 for
no les- than 137 fires. Defective and
overheated pipes and chimneys resulted in 150 fires. Lamps and lanterns ups.-i and exploding wire the
causes assigned  for 49  serious  fires.
Continuing, thc Chief slated that
the above ligures bring -'in ill detail
some of the more prominent and at
the same time preventable causes
which contribute to the enormous total of Canada'- lire- waste.
With only ordinary care, any and
all of these simple causes may be
overcome. Thi- care i- required ol
the average householder or occupant
of the private  house.
With the coming of autumn, bringing cooler weather and shorter days.]
ihis tire danger once more becomes
prominent. Furnaces and stoves will
be i>ui into commission, and more
and meere' of the outside work musl
be performed by the aid of lantern
light, wiih its attendant risk.
If pipe- and chimneys were- not
carefully cleaned and inspected when
heating was discontinued in the
spring, this work should he- th irough
ly done now. Stove- and furnace
smoke pipes should be taken down
and cleaned: all pipes which are corroded   should   be   replaced.       Pipe-,
which appear perfectly sound under
a covering of enamel or graphite, will
be found to have corroded from the
dampness inside and, in many cases,
will go to pieces when, being removed. When pipes are replaced they
should be thoroughly secured agaii st
any danger of their falling. Xeces
sary repairs to stoves and furnaces
should  be  made  at once.
Chimneys also should receive careful attention. They should be well
cleaned, and . II soot and ashes ri -
moved from the bottom. Close examination shouhl be made of the
brickwork to detect open spaces
where mortar may havi fallen out or
bricks crumbled, especially near wood-
ii irk or in unused attics.
i " >l. - suspend* d from ra fti - i -
elves at .. sa fe distance ft mi v. < d
e ii walls provide places ��hereon ti
hang or stand lanterns, and thus avoid
In dangi r ' if tin ir being kicki d ivci
or upset, The greatest caution should
be exercised in the handling of lamps
in the home. Children should be inst : ucted a- to their danger and ever)
measure ial.ru to avoid accidi nt-.
To :i-si-: in the reduction eef our
hi ivy tire losses i- the urgent duty of
every Canadian, and a reduction in
the number of fires resulting from the
above causes will materially affect
tin   total.
On October 9th, the regular monthly meeting of the Cedar Cottage
branch of the 11. C. Political Equality
League- was held at Mr- Kidd's rc.-i-
deiice on 23rd Avenue. On ace.'.n't
of contemplated removal -om Cedar
Ceitt.-rge Mrs. Kielel resigned with
great regret. Mrs. Hambly. vice-
president, took tiie chair, making a
short and appropriate address voicing ihe seerreew of the league over the
loss of the president who had so generously ami ably served since it- organization nearly two years ago. sjiar-
ing neither time nor talent to make
the society the success il now claim-.
Mrs. Jessie Hunter was elected vice-
president, and Mis- Alice Keegan
was appointed librarian to take charge
"f the h""ks tind literature "I the
league. Mis- Anna Mclntyre was
in,hi. ���' . official delegate t" represent iln- Cedar Cottage League a' the
meetings of the Women's Employment League of Vancouver, it lieing decided to join them in their work
of raising funds and devising ways
ami means of dealing with the- problem of the unemployment of women
in Greater Vancouver. Mrs U
an.l Mi - W iggin rt ported having
held successful relief fund teas 'Inline lln- month anil turneil mer to the
treasurer amounts of S4.40 ami ��2.511
respectively. After I! necting adjourned, the- ladies indulged in
.-ial chat over the tea-cups.
M:-.   Vospet   prenched   an   int
inc.  That >ernion ,.t  Robs m
VI emoi       I Ihurch    on    lasl    Sunday
m Tea--, tin,   i l.ui ,-ii  beii g  tastefull)
ilin-i- of field and ^ inl. n
Tin- Mission Study Class met at
tin- Parsonage on Thursday afternoon
of thi- week. There was a l'""<1 attendance "f members, and under the
leadership eef Mr-. tl)r, i Hunter the
monthly lesson was maele ver;- inler-
*        *       *
Probably the most thoroughly enjoyable event of last week was the
social  given  members  of the  Robson
Memorial Bible Class and the Sunday Sell.. .-1 teachers on Thursday
evening, at the home of Mr. Parker
on 34th Avenue. There were between (ell anel 70 iu the j"lly crow!
and afler listening to an excellent
programme consisting of gems of
musical anil literary art provided by
' local arti-ts. all took part in the merry
- planned by the host and his
Tin- crowning feature of
the evening was a supper which beggars description, ami which claimed
th.- undividmal attention of the guests
until a late
Mrs    Ri liai ds   ami   her
Miss 1
M; -    11    Ci aig,   returning    t ���    their
home in  X.-a   Westmil itel Tn,--
Mr   ami  Mr-   Robt.   Frosl    n   refutation! iln-   birth
i a  new  In j
Mi Vrthui H Uf hton, if Lanark
Street, in tin- pursuit of pleasui e
-p. nt   several   da) -   in   Vb toria   lasl
illtiiuieil  on   Pagl   'l!
Watch for the Main Street Paving Edition of the CHINOOK, to
be  issued  sborily.
School Board Meeting
Below  we give a  fair and impartial
report   of   lhe   last   meeting   of     Ihe
South   Vancouver   School   Board.     If
llie  columns  of this  paper  have  been
! dirtied, as Mr. Whelpton suggest-, by
printing las; wn-k references t" Ttus-
i tee   Hudson,  South   Vancouver  merchants are tee blame and not tin- cdi-
i",-."f the Cil IX' M)K     W'e have been
assured  lhat  ilu-   i.e.-is  a-   stated  are
I correct.    Thi.- paper is absolutely disinterested in tin- controversy. It- columns  are  open   i"  officials,  trustees.
I citizens���to any individual  wlm wishes to discuss public questions.    The
| only   limitations   we   enforce   is   that
Islander and bad language be avoided,
The regular meeting ol the school
board was held on Friday night. I ' I
edier 9, all the members being present.
After routine business had been
transacted, Trustee J. C. Hudson
areese anel called thc members' attention to the remarks which had appeared in the CHINOOK of last
week. He said that he was prepare.1
j to refute the charges and that he hail
invited Mr. Murray of the CHINOOK
I., be present Mr. Murray hael a
representative in his stead and if the
representative   had   ihe   facts   of  the
article he would give facts and figures
fo-' all regarding the ileal in question.
lie stated that the charge of favoring Vain mver merchants in preference to South Vancouver trailers
,\.,-   false.
At this juncture Chairman Whelpton broke in ami saiel he hail read the.
article c mpUmrd of and was surprise el that the editor of the CHINOOK woulil deu.it.n himself to print
such a  dirty  article in  his  paper.
lie   stated   that   it   cast   a   reflection
een all members of the- hoard, ami the
fai pub ic woulil think that nieni-
lu   bi -anl .did not km iw what
iven lining when they appointed
,     lb igue te   act a- a representative
on a purchasing committee,    lie said
-    lhe   hoard   hail   full   confidence
in  thc  member  win-   was  appointed
was satisfied that he hail done Ins
duty   towards   the   municipality.     So
-  purchasing     from   Vancouver
' ants,   llle   board     hael     always
th<   preference  to  South  Vancouver   merchants   but     there     were
j times   when   it   was  necessary  to  go
| outside of the municipality, and when
'they ceeuhl  save  monev  for  ibe  citizens   they   we.uld   do   it.     He   stated
thai   there was  :e  number  of  people
living  in  the  municipality   who  were
. ��� ing in the city iu offices and
��� tore- and in business who paid as
much taxes a- airy other persons, ami
an article such as was printed
would cause dissension instead of
harmony between the municipality
and  the cily.
Trustee Campbell stated thai there
should hi- no friction stirreel up between the twei, as ii would ; -suit i.:
mi g 1 to the municipality.
Trustee Mmris stated that hc was
fully in accord with the chairman's
remark.-, but thought ii the "Chinook"
iepresentative, Trustee Hudson ami
Inspector Graham goi        ether ihey
might aeii'ist the mailer. Trustef
Neelands elid not enter into tin discussion.
Trustee Hudson, Inspector Graham
and Mr. Henderson (the CHINOt IK
representativei retired t" tin- Inspector's room, where Mr. Hudson stated
tha; if Mr. Henderson was in possession of the name- of those making the
charges he wa- pre-pare-el to go
on and show that the municipality
hail saved money by purchasing from
thc wholesale house in tin- city. Inspect"! Graham stated that the committee consisted eef three ladies who
were going to use lhe articles and
thai Trustee Hudson only had the
authority of the hoard to eh.se the
bargain. The ladies in question visited every hardware store in tin- citj
in -'arch of what was required ami
the best article tor the least money
was to he hail at the store patronized
where ihey got ranges and utensils
at wholesale prices. These articles
were for the domestic science school.
M rs   Sloan, . 'f  El e rett,  W ash . is a
it the home   if her sist
���   :   McNerney, 19th Avenue Easl
A relief fund tea, uneler the auspice-- of the Political Equality League-, was given last    Wednesday    by
Mv-. .1   I   Wright.   Th. re was a n 1
attendance ami all present enje ; d
the splendid address given by Mr-.
Alex Hunter "ii the triple then-
War. Women and Vote-. Mrs Hunter also recited a humorous poem in-
titled "Mrs. Tommy Atkins."' Mrs
Mercel added t'e the program om
lier beautiful solos ami also sang wilh
Mr- Hunter a pleasing liuei. Mr,-.
Fred Fletcher presiding ai tin- piano.
Carried out in Hags ami flowers, ihe
colors of purple, white ami green
furnished an attractive decorative
scl .ni' while signs and banners bearing ihi- in-criplion "Votes for Women" w.-re much in evidence In
serving   her   guests,   lil.    h-'-tess   was
ssisted  by   Mrs.  Harry  Wilson,  wh"
donated  f..r the occasion  a beautifully   decorated   cake   carrying  oul
color scheme in a  most  artistic manner   and   als.e     bearing     tin-     words
A r.tes for Women."
. arlie McPhie. ��ho has been in
the sanitarium at Kamloops for some
time, is now- with his mother in Xorth
Vancouver.    Mr-.   McPhii
high  in
fill in
ble.  a
he su
in hack to health
for   Chai
i��*h/T;4ill  -,-oii TWO
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   17.   1914
.Many frum the cities of Hritish Columbia are leaving for Alberta where they may take up land under
favorable circumstances.    Scores of mechanics  anel
their families from Greater Vancouver are using the
money earned em municipal relief work to carry them
back t" the liritish Isles where they believe better
chances of making an Inmest livelihood may be found.
Possibly at no time has any organized community
of the area of British Columbia fallen intei the sore
straights this Province finds itself in today.
What is needed at the present moment in Hritish
nto Canada from the Xew Eng-1 Columbia is the inauguration by tlie Provincial Gov-
and States.   Seeme of our greatest Canadians are the ernment of a new laml policy.   Every foot ol the mil-
ions of I 'nite'.l Empire Loyalist families. lions oi acre- of the lands of this Province which have
Little Belgium has lurn devastated by the legions been thrown away by Sir Richard McBride anel his
pf the Koad I log of Europe���as Lloyd George has so| followers into laps of land speculators and party bench-
aptly described the German.   Already refugees from
THERE has never been a war which has not heen
followed by a great emigration from the countries interested. This has been true from the times
of the Caesars. The Jacobite Rebellions were responsible in an indirect measure for the laying of the
foundations of the Dominion of Canada. The Franco-
Prussian War drove -cine- of families across the
broad Atlantic from the countries interested, The
American Civil War gave a great impetus to the settlement of the great reaches of land beyond the Mississippi. The War of American Independence drove
hundreds of families i
in Kitchener, who accepted them, and had them shipped to the front in a da) or two. This i- a simple
-t.irv. now for the moral: We have in Victoria between seventy and eight) men who have -ecu ser-
rice, and who answer exacth to the description given
of the Frontiersmen. Tei put them into a training
camp and harness them t-' a squadron of young fei
lows who have not seen active service, ami who need
training would nni onl) he unfair i" the men, Imt
highly impolitic in view oi the constant call from the
front. Vet for meere than a month these men have
een trying tn get away.   AM tliey need i- the sudor
ihe i iertnan
l.nnvaiii are arriving at Me unreal. According t" a
recent despatch, tlie Government of the (Province oi
Quebec is working Upon a scheme tn open colonies in
the hinterland where the Belgians, many nf whom are
expert agriculturists, may wnrk out their salvation in
a new land, under a new flay���in a land whose frontiers do not bristle with blood-stained bayonets .ind
are not studded with fortresses.
How many hundreds of thousands of Belgians,
Atistrians, Germans, Frenchmen and Britishers will
emigrate to America after this war it would be difficult to estimate. All authorities agree lhat the proclamation of peace will mark the beginning of the
greatest transfer of population from Europe to America in the history of the world.
British Columbia should benefit from such an emigration. We have a province practically undeveloped.
In our valleys the clever Belgian farmers might make
prosperous homes for themselves and in all lines of
production we require the energy, the experience and
the skill of those people from the land who will leave
Europe in disgust .after the war is over.
Is it not sad that the Province of British Columbia
must lose probably the greatest opportunity she lias
ever had owing to her unpreparedness to receive these
exiles from Europe.
Today we have orders-in-council which say that no
artizan of .any nationality whatsoever, save the Chinaman, may enter liritish Columbia. The reason for
this is that we have so many of the unemployed with
us already.
men. slinuld be brought again under the ownership
of ilie Crown.
This done ihe Government should proceed tn assist settlers by giving a substantial bonus feer even
acre nf land cleared and brought under cultivation
ami should grub stake those whose financial position
today will not allow them to perform regular homestead duties.
'I'he Government should go furthei' into the live
stock and the grain business to thc extent of furnishing settlers with the nucleus of herds and Hocks and
with seed for the fields.
Then the Government should smash tiie food combines in .the cities of liritish Columbia and imprison
those War Fund heroes who levy a tax on every
pound of sugar or food stuffs sold to the householders
oi Hritish Columbia.
If Sir Richard McBride, who is now sunning himself at Palm Beach, Florida, does not return to his
native Province and get down to business by introducing this or some other definite plan of relief for
the out-of-works we have today in the cities of the
Province and reception for the worthy exiles who are
bound to arrive ou these shores within a short space
of time, iic need look before very long for a most disastrous condition of affairs,
Anarchy and revolution usually break out when
men are hungry. The hunger belt in liritish Columbia is widening every day. The cry for food of one
year ago is fast becoming a wail. Pray God that tiie
men in whose hands the Government of liritish Columbia is entrusted mav act before it is too late.
WHERE Till- BEST INTERESTS of Smith Vancouver are concerned, tin- South Vancouver Part) i<
a mighty sight bigger than the Liberal and Conservative parties combined and doubled.
���    4    #
i ticket at tiie Municipal Elections in South Vancouver this year. A survey ni the homes oi the intmici-
' ality will show that labor is more vitally interested
in South Vancouver's welfare than any either class.
The wonder is that we have imt heard from organized
Ial i er iii South Vancouver municipal affairs until this
-atinn nf hlie Canadian Government, through ibe Min   late date
i-ier of Militia.   There i- reason i" believe that the) *   *   *
.���.nnId have secured ihi- but for the active ��� .j>].<��� -iti-��n j THE URIC,IIT DAYS ( >F  VUTL'MN may be profit
if | ci-.en-, who have
mi ever) possible obstacle in
iheir way. li is true they could go without Govern
nent recognition, and the) may yet have to do so, but
���t would lie at .a disadvantage ami would involve a
heavy and unnecessary expense. Mr. R. T, Elliott
mel a few patriotic citizens have .tin .nly footed the
bill to the extent of several thousand dollars to keep
the men in camp in daily expectation oi "good news"
from Ottawa. Sir Richard McBride Im- lent his
great influence, but up to date the "good new-" has
tbly employed in the raking nf lawns, the burning of
���lead leaves anel in a general cleaning up nf yards
ami gardens.
��� *   * -
Till''. LONDON "FREE PRESS" advocates postponing the Dominion elections indefinitely and using the
money saved for war purposes, If this were done
the Conservative party would have sufficient rope to
hang themselves.���"Natal Reporter."
* #   *
imt arrived.    At this time "The Week" has no desire! QUITE A N'UMBER of subscribers are behind with
tei examine too closely into the causes which have operated to keep seventy trained soldiers oul of lhe field,
that lime will come later.    At the moment  il is the
duty of everyone who has an atom of influence to use
iheir renewal subscriptions. We urgently need the
money at this time of stringency, .and as lhe individual
amount is
in  arrears
mall, il should Cause little trouble to tlm-c-
lo pay thc printer and make themselves
it in the interest of these men whose only desire is to I ���,|j,| u-ji|, the editor fnr a first-class obituary notice-
have the opportunity of fighting for the Empire. Kit-1 in case the Germans get you.���"Natal Reporter."
Every Saturday by the Greater Vancouver Publishers Limited
George M. Murray, Editor
Corner  Thirtieth   Avenue  and   Main   Street,   South   Vancouver,   B. C
TELEPHONE:  All departments Fairmont  1874
NIGHT  CALLS Fairmont   1946 L
Registered at  the  Post  Office  Department,  Ottawa,   as  Second  Class
Mail Matter
To  all  points  in   Canada,   United   Kingdom,   Newfoundland,   New
Zealand, and other British Possessions:
One   Year    S2.00
Sin Months      1.0C
Three   Months    50
Postage to American, European and other Foreign Countries, $1.00
per year extra.
"The truth at all times firmly stands
And shall from age to age endure."
chener wants them,  and they may have    to    break '
through the same barrier of red tape which kept the
Legion of Frontiersmen out of the field until they appealed to  him.���Tlle  Victoria "Week."
SOME time ago the local Hoard of Trade endorsed
a municipal land clearing plan and recommended
it to the municipal council. Briefly the plan was that
the municipality should take over the clearing of all
the wild land in the district.
Since the matter was referred to the council we
have heard nothing of it. In the meantime, the outbreak of war has made local labor conditions bad
It might be wisdom on the part of the council to
take up this question of municipal land clearing. Mr.
Bowser has turned South Vancouver's request for a
$200,000 sewerage appropriation down flatly. The
idle men in the municipality must be given employment. There is enough wild land in South Vancouver
to grow food enough to feed all the people living in
the municipality.
WHEN' the officials of the City of Vancouver
appointed Rev. George D. Ireland to the post of
relief officer, they made a selection which will be popular among all classes and creeds and which is regarded
with particular favor in South Vancouver and the
neighboring municipalities. It is not alone the broad
experience which Mr. Ireland has had in philanthropic
and relief work in eastern cities which will stand him
in good stead in the performance of his new duties.
Mr. Ireland is a man who insists upon putting his
creed into practice at all times. Few knew of the
extent of the good works outside the church which
Mr. Ireland has accomplished from clay to day since
his coming to Westminster congregation. His sympathies have always been for the lowly, the weak and
the oppressed.
HE cursed thing, extreme partyism, is showing
its horns every now and then. The prospect
seems to be, if smaller party men have their way, that
when a general election is held in Canada, we shall
have the degrading spectacle of one party trying to
prove that it is more loyal than the other, all for the
sake of gaining a few hundred votes of the thoughtless ones who do not place a tr��e valuation upon the
"loyalty hogwash" talked by practical party politicians
during a season of election excitement. It is remarked by one of the independent journals that neither
party in Canada saw the emergency that has arisen
in connection with the war. Had the Government
seen the emergency it is pointed out that we could
have had on hand a store of soldiers' shoes, trousers.
great coats, rifles and other equipment of an army to
be hurled with the least possible delay at the Empire's
foes. In the matter of preparedness, one set of governing men are not a whit in advance of what another
set would have been in the matter of readiness for
action on land.
In the name of decency, let us hope there will be no
"loyalty" campaign ni Canada when the general elections are sprung���probably at no distant date���in order to take advantage of the war excitement. These
"loyalty" compaigns���for the sole purpose of gaining
selfish power���are a menace and a curse to Canada.
It is time we reared a breed of statesmen who will talk
less and do more. Let us follow Britain's example.
Let us regard our people as loyal���they are loyal���
and centralize our attention in giving to Canada righteous, uplifting, ennobling government���not the party
variety, that is chiefly concerned about the division of
spoils of office, awarding contracts to friends, and
treating the outs as though they were aliens and not
Canadians. There is only one type of Canadianism
or government that is helpful to Canada or the Empire. That is high-minded Canadianism and high-
minded government.
Down with the curse of extreme partyism. Canadians should frown upon a war campaign, where one
set of politicians try to make it appear that another
set are disloyal. There i.s no reason'to doubt the loyalty of Canada. No one, save a selfish party man, or
an extreme enemy of our country will endeavor to
stir, up internal strife and heartburnings by seizing
upon a time like this to make party capital out of the
FIFTY men of the Legion of Frontiersmen of
Canada, who left their Western homes because
they were tired of waiting for the call for active service, turned up in London three weeks ago. They
side-stepped Valcartier because "they were men who
had seen service, they were in good condition, thev
could shoot straight, and they did not require training." As the authorities wished to put them into
training, they decided to make their appeal in person
IT WOULDN'T COST the road hog anything to give
us a blast on bis born before running down innocent
*    4   4
JOE .MIT.LETT IS HACK in Semth Vancouver.
The cheerful smile is there, the kindly word and the
hand all ready to dig down iu the capacious pocket
if some poor devil is in need. If Joe had stayed in
the old country much longer we would have to wire
Kitchener to send him home.
4   4   4
THE SOUTH VANCOUVER Fire Department, not
content with the laurels they have won in fighting the
fiery elements here below, have extended their endeavor so that they are now able to take part in combatting the nether regions also. We have read of
reeves, councillors, policemen and politicians turning
social reformers, but this is the first time it has been
brought to our notice where firemen have taken up
moral reform in combination with their otherwise arduous duties. The utmost courtesy is extended to all
to come and see the plan in working order. It is simple, yet effective. A hox is placed in the ball into
which is deposited a humble nickle by tbe visitor who
by chance happens to be discussing politics while there
and casually drops a swear word. The proceeds it is
understood will be turned over to the patriotic fund.
It is said there is about $17.00 already in the box
although it has been up less than a week. Among the
many handsome contributions, it is rumoured that
Captain Ringrose has been the means of swelling the
amount by about three dollars. Mr. S. F. Henderson
of the Chinook, well-known for his forcible conversational powers, was also a handsome contributor.
Apart from the handsome sum which will eventually
go to the war fund, the fire laddies are to be congratulated in their endeavor to add a little tone to the
��   *   *
ONE OF THE AGRICULTURAL experts attached
to the Provincial Department of Agriculture takes an
entire page in the "News-Advertiser" of Sunday last
to explain how a 33-foot lot may be made to support
a family of six. According to this man's figuring,
the tillable land in this province mtlst be great enough
in extent to produce enough foodstuffs fqr all the
world, liritish Columbia continues to import practically all her food stuffs. The Provincial Minister of
Agriculture and his staff should be assigned to the
task of knitting wristlets for the soldiers.
��� 4   4
AFTER THE WAR. the "News-Advertiser" predicts, many of those expert agriculturists from Belgium will seek new homes in Canada and should make
desirable settlers for British Columbia. Until British
Columbia's land laws have been revised it would be
well for this class of settler to seek asylum in some
other part of the Hritish Empire than liritish Columbia.
4    4   *
Dominic Burns' ranch at Ladner no doubt hunted
cover when Chris Slater, the Main Street butcher,
invaded the Fraser Valley this week. If there are
any Germans up in that direction they have no doubt
by this time taken to the tall timbers.
* 4  4
W. H, SHARPE, who is an enthusiastic gardener,
grew one hundred pounds of American "Wonder"
potatoes this season from three pounds of seed furnished for experiment by the government.���Omineca
4    4    4
the public, will be seen sometime, we hope in the near
future, when the liritish Lion, the Russian Bear, the
French Eagle, the Royal Bengal Tiger, the Canadian
Heaver, and the Australian Kangaroo will parade
through the streets of Berlin,���Sudbury "Journal."
* * *
I'I II''. NEWS ARRIVED this week of the finding
in a grove, by a party ni workmen belonging to Mr.
J. Cronin's construction gang at 100-mile camp, of the
safe which was taken from the B.X. stage, just below the 150-mile house Cariboo road in 1890. The
safe was seen at 59-mile Cariboo road by E. Sayers
who brought the news to the "Prospector." The safe
had been cut open at the front, the $5000 ill gold,
which was in the safe, needless to say is missing, but
the papers are intact. The finding of this safe will
bring to the minds ni the old-timers many stirring incidents of the by-gone days. Most of the men who
are at all familiar with the facts of t li i ��� "hold-up" are
unfortunately oul tii town at present. Or we would
give a minute account of same.���Lillooet "Prospector."
4   ���   *
A REMARK-Al'iLK proposal comes from Belgian
leaders: "We realize," they say, "that our nation is
seriously hampered by the lack of one national language. It is impossible to make eilhcr Flemish or
Walloon universal, because of the rivalry of races. We
don't desire to encourage the further use of French,
wishing to maintain our distinct individuality and cultivate Hritish rather than French characteristics.
Therefore we propose thai Belgium should adopt English as her national language, making herself the sister nation of the England of the Isle.
�� 4 4
DO YOU REMEMBER the boast of the old Romans,
Civis Romantts Sum?���"I am a Roman citizen." Well
you now have just as proud a boast as that, you are
a Courtenay citizen���Civis Courtenayus Sum is your
motto. It is a proud one. act up to it and ottr success
as a city is sure.���Cmrtenay "Review."
��� # #
THE CONSTRUCTION ot the unit at West Point
Grey of the big sewer main by tiie Greater Vancouver Sewerage Board, at this period, will afford a number of men steady employment for the next eight or
ten weeks which is the time that it will take to complete the work. Already there are a large numlier of
men from Point Grey at work, and Reeve Churchill
has stated that any able-bodied man, married preferred, wdio lives in Point Gray can find work on this job.
Employment of men over the period of this job will
help quite a bit to tide the needy ones over the present
period.���Point Grey "Gazette."
Use your spare time tei increase your efficiency
and earning power.
Uetter informed men and women make better
NI'GHT SCHOOLS will In- opened in Smith
Vancouver tit an early date.
Enrollment will take place at the following
GENERAL WOLFE, Twenty-seventh and Ontario Street.
SELKIRK,   Twenty-second    and    Commercial
MACKENZIE,  Forty-sixth and  Fraser Street.
CARLETON, Kingsway and Joyce Road.
on MONDAY, OCTOBER 19, between 7 anil 9 p.m.
A fee of three dollars ($.1.00) will be charged,
but this will bc returned when pupil has completed
75 per cent, of possible attendance.
Smith Vancouver.
b SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   17.   1014
Make the Round
Trip by Telephone
A Long Distance Call
Means Two Messages
You Get Your Answer
The Bonnie Purple Heather
Sandy   Has  Some  Comments  on  Three Very Special  Freens o' His
���Bowser,  McBride an' the Kaiser
ft j
How Satisfactory it is to tht Housekeeper   to  be   sum   that
the MILK, CREAM and BUTTERMILK    she    receives     is
Pasteurized and Germless.
Delivered in Sealed Bottles, Perfectly Sterilized.
905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Phone Fairmont 2391 L PRICE & GREEN, Proprietors
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
The Porular R^u'i t�� the���
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the Ent.
All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.	
Weel freens, I hope yae hue re-
covered irae- yaer dissipashuns 'en
Thanksgivin' Day an' feelin' nane- the
waur o't.
I min' when I first earn tae British
t'..liiniley I wis sort o' puzzled as
tae whal the annual celebrashun wis
feer. I ;i-kit ,-i wheen o' the native
-"ie- an' their answers were-, in the
language ���-' wan o' Dickens' characters,  varied  an' peculiar.
Vae fellie, I min'. wis emfatic that
ii wis meant tae celebrate 111��- passin'
��� ���' iln- British North Ameriky Act.
Anither said ii wis tae celebrate Sir
Wilfred Laurier's birthday, while- a
fellie I nie-i i-..min" across ilie- millyun
dollar brig ;ei Westminister y.u- day
-aid ii wis meant lae encourage the
ranchers tae tak up turkey raisin' a.
a sn!.- line when llu- chickens wen- in
the moot.    This wi- what he under-
si i   ilu-   governmenit   meant   when
they askit fellies like him tae go in
for mixed fermin'. I'm an enthusiast
een the mixed fermin' pre ipisisliun
mysel; 'he- only trouble I hae een my
ranch is that il sometimes gets a wee
bitty owre mixed.
Hooever, the- best idea o' the nrhole
Iui wis wan that cami- frae a "blanlcet
stiff''    I    met    eleeein    ill    (,'eireleeva    Slll-e-i
yae Seturday nicht. He said he "had
a hunch" it wis in commemorashun ee'
tin- elay lhat Dicky McBride an' Will-
lie- Bowser founded the province o'
liritish Columby an' instituted an unlimited monarchy.
He that a- il may. I'm never very
parteeculai linn an' why I celebrate���
Inn this year at onyrate a fellie wud
hae- senile- qualms '���' conscience at
the fact .,' cilehratin' the while mn
brave- se.elgi-r- an' sailors were under-
goin' sit trials at  ilu   front,
Weel. tiie wife an' inc. ur raither
tae pii it in tin- Kaiserin style. MI-.
an' the wife hail been invited "Out
tn Dinner" (dontcherknow) an' I
hail made Up mj min' tae spend the
mornin' hoors daen a wheen tinkerin'
jobs el i iii the- backyaird that had
been -taiuuliu' for a guid wheen
weeks fm' want n' time. I generally
lean- they kin' o' jobs for a holiday
an' 1 fill 'they come m very haundy
Maisl i,' ymi auld country folk that
hae lived in a butt an' ben ill hame
'11 appreciate the haundiness o' haen
a backyaird���an' a shovel. The twa
combined often act in a wey as a
������-i   n'   peace   tribunal   when   there -
likely  lae  lie  a break ���>' he.stili-
lies   wi'   wall   yae:   hail  a   peace   treaty
-igllCll   wi'.
1'ak my lip, il's wan .e' the sccret-
,>' merried lite tae be able tae retreat
wi' honor when there's likely tae In;
a break in the entente cordiale���an
that'-, when I fin' the shovel an' the
backyaird come in very haundy,
It's a very peculiar tiling boo a
workin'  man  canna lie
a holiday  morrtln'.  X;
tireel   an    dune  e.eel   he
ither timesi he's up ��
that mom.
I min' line al hame line
be my habit tae gae aw
breakfast, gether smiie
for lhe canary, get lh
"Scotsman" an' maybe a Scotsman s
mornin', an' feenish up wi' bringin
in a ban o' baps for the breakfastj
Maun it gien a fellie a new lease 0
Ine  fe>r thai elay at onyrate
Hut Thanksgivin' Hay. last Monday. Gee, what a mornm. I hadna
slept owre soond a' nicht mr I wis
sort ,,' troubled ��i ilu- first sym,
mlycitis. The- wile w nil
i' a bit supper agin my
aial rule ilu- nicht afore���an' u kept
me   in   senile   amusement    ilu
nicht.    Thc wind wi- blashin' lh
up agiti the windae an
freens hn" yae feel in
J  MOE, C. P. A., 434 Hastings St., Vancouver.
C. MILLARD, D. T. A., Vancouver.
H   W. BRODIE,  Gen. Pass Agent,   Vancouver.
Ilis   bed   em
e maitter  hoo
micht   feel   at
i'   the   lark   een
il used tae
i ne.t afore
chicken-�� ceil
liriti-h Columby.    Dae yai  think he'll
he-   able   l.ee   mak   llie   dual   ii
walk   lhe  plank:-"
"Och,   I   dinna  ken."   I   says;  "but
it'll be- a hard job tae  -In:'  -
owre   iu   Victoria.     Vae   ta;.
Germany  an'  iti   effii ienl   mai inn.
weel, McBride an' Bowser hae turg'.i
mare   abool   organizashun   than   the
German  Emperor evei  '
"Weel  Samly.  it's  gettin' tae   tin-."
In-   conteenyies;   "we'll   nei '1   t ������
daen   somethin'   shortly   "i-   tin-   I.
'.nli    knows   wliaui-   we're-   gaun   I  -
get  mi' at."
"Man, look here," I -ay-. "hae |
confidence. Did y.u- no' notice that
Dicky hail some scheme 'uinle-r con-
siderashun'; ��eel. that's a step in i
advance; hin minds traivel slowly an'
ley lln- linn- llu- war'- nun- Dicky 'II
hae- eli-cni en el a re-nn .lv for a' oor
"In tin- past," I .- in. .-n_, i,-,, "yae
maun remember they twa fellies hae
heen buildin' up tin province. Thai's
been some job. Look al ihe- big fai
lories doon llasiin'> an' Granville
Streets. The workers in them hae a
wee room tac themsels an' knacky
wee teepw ril'-r- tae dae 'heir love
letters on. Then h.eek at tlu- hi::
roomin' hooses we- hae in the city;
'ml an' cauhl water in every room an'
tiie long distanci telefone so that yae
can keep iii touch wi' yaer freens on
till-   ne.tsiele.       Is   that    lln'   enough    lae
be confident aheiot.
"Hooever, if yae want ony mare.
rontideroce jisl rak a walk doon Pi rider Street an' see the splendid pe-p;'.-
lasliim we hae- rcsidin' here.
"Napoleon yae time saiel tin- British were a nashun n' shopkeepers,
but if he hail been livin' lie wud In..-
qualified Britisii Columby as Inin a
nashun o1 reeemiin' hoose keep ���
takin' in wan anither a- roomers in'
daen each ithers washin."
W'e -t'linl crackin' fm' a guid while
an' a' the time this fellie wis d'enoun-
cin' the twa n" them a- bein' sons "'
guns. ele. etc. lint it'll tak mare than
that tae shift them off their throne,
an' the siiner we fellies nel busy an'
perfect oor organizashun the better
it'll he fm- us an' tin- whole ���' Canada.
Yours through iln- heather,
In the matter of the  Special Assess
ment Roll  for the Cor.t of Local I
Improvement  Work  No.  2  Main
Street, from Centre of 25th Ave-
nue   to   the   South   Side   of   34th i
Avenue,     authorized     by   "Main 1
Street   and   Fraser   Street   Local I
Improvements   Construction   By- I
Law No. 1, 1913."
I.mis  ..   api
hae me  tai
General Agency Transatlantic. Steamship Lines
H.  .. Smith. C. P. &T. A.
Phone :   Sey.  8134
C. V  Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Sa; Ortnville  Str��et
Court of Revision will be held on the 6th
day of November. 1914. at 10 o'clock in the
forenoon, at the Council Chamber in the
Municipal Hill, at the corner 0f Fraser
Street and 43rel Avenue, in th ��� Municipality
of South Vancouver, tor tr j purpose ol
hearing complaints against .the .proposed
above-mentioned assessment or the accuracy
of frontage meaiurements and any other
complaint which persons^ interested may
dtiire to make and whict is by law cognizable  by  the  Court.
Dated  thc  8th  elay
ornin .   an
as tne In." I was
time   tiie   while
her Usual hoose-
IRON AND BRASS CASTINGS _.��.����-,   ami- siuriA   I
The place where they "keep hotel"���
A fully modern hostelry, near at
hand to South Vancouver���it's the
"Grand Central" when you go to
i.u- I, en yersel
-ie a state.
The   weather   wis   agin   ��nj   -"���'-
,ln,,r   nccupashun   that
I wis in a kin o' fix
gaun tae iui  in  iln
the wife wis pursuin
liuld duties . ,
Hooever, I hael made up my min
tae tak the line o' least resistance,
an' efter breokfastin' I aits doon wi
the mornin' paper, lichts up my pipe'
an' began readin' "' ihe- fa' o Antwerp
I wisna five meenutes at peace,
In,mver. afore I saw I wis in the
road.    They're  a   peculiar   h.t   they
weemen.     Nae maitter hoo yae nuehl
try   l.u tflattk  them  they  aye  see in
tae   be   ahle   lae   haiul   their   am.     I
wis in  the road  here, an' ii  I  shifted
1  wis In the road there.
"Gae   awa   ben    the   room,   ll    ) ���"'
canna  fin' onything tae    turn    yaer
haimil tae here." she says; "yae sit
tlu-re an' snmke an' read an' waste a
lot "' matches but yaell never think
it wurtli yaer while tae help us tae
get red up. Start an' wash up the
breakfast dishes or ah- the bairns
Units a brush if yae can dae nae Hun
else.    It'll ti"' mak yae feel sae lazy.
I    could    -ee    she    wis   treat in     	
neutrality   treaty   jisl   like   a   s
paper.    Hooever,   I   expe
In the matter of the Special Assessment Roll for the Cost of Local
Improvement Work on 34th
Avenue, from the East Property
Line on Main Street to the West
Property Line on Fraser Street,
authorized by "Thirty - fourth
Avenue Local Improvement Construction  By-Law  No.  1.  1914."
Court of Revision will be
day of November. 1914. at
forenoon,    at    the    Council
GIVEN that a
held on the 6th
10 o'clock in the
Chamber    in   the
Municipal Hall, at tlle corner of Frasrr 1
Street and 43rel Avenue, in the Municipality 1
of South Vancouver, for the purpose ol t
hearing complaints against the proposed ;
above-mentioned assessment or the accuracy
of frontage measurements and any other
complaint which persons interested may
desire to make and which is by law cog- !
nizablc   by   the   Court.
Dated  the   8th   day  of   October.   1914.
Wc have jusl opened up with ;i complete line "i
Flour, Feed and Poultry Supplies.
We Sell at the LOWEST PRICES for CASH
Glazed Cement
Sewer Pipe
Is tiie choice of property owners in
every city where its value has been
demonstrated. It gives good service
and has durability.
Dominion Glazed Cement Pipe Co.
Phone Fairmont 122
Milk! Milk! Milk!
Turner's Pasteurized and Germless Milk and Cream is the beat
diet  for  Infants and  Invalids.    Superior for tea, coffee and cocoa.
Sold at 10 quarts for $1.00.
Visit our big new modern dairy and we will show you why it
is we can supply you with the best milk and cream and buttermilk
and butter sold in  Greater  Vancouver.
Phone Fairmont 597
More Light and Better Light for the Home
an the Tungsten Lump
a carbon lamp on  the
USE TUNGSTEN LAMPS.���Thi- is advise
gives three  linns ilu- amount  of light c
sami   consumption ��������� current.
type is iln- unly class of Tungsten Lamp ymi shouhl use.    Don't
fail to ask for it when you buy Tungstens.    It bears the same
relation in other types fi Tungstens as il..es ilu- best grade of
steel to e-a-t iron.
We carry at our Salesrooms a full line of the best type of Tungsten Lamps as noted above. Our prices are exceptionally low when
the high r.tandard of our lamps is considered.
Ask our clerk !���' demonstrate tin- difference between a Tungsten
and Carl i n Lam] -. using tin- same amount of current.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville Street (near Davie)
 ��� ��� -,ffpr
R. CURRY. Prop.
her an' telt her plump an' plain lhat I
didna  consider  it   wis  a  man s  .liny
Italic* an' besides 1 had a
ii y finger an' it wuel nip il I
n tin- seeely water. An' fancy
iin' iittits "11 a 'lay like
imlv be was-tin' blecknin.
Hooever I ti"'k llu- hint an' maks
a sortie doon the backstops Ity Ins
time the rain hael slackened up a hit
an'  I  gel- a hand- e.' my shovel
I   had  in   uiin'   lhat   the-   heivs   cottlfl
be   daen   wi'   a   wheen   worms   an    in
thev days "' high feed an' tin' egg
lae   was
cut  nn
put   it
I    says,   Inns
this; it  wuel
wuel   be
���'- policy
can r> in
,.'  haen
Miss HALL and Miss WESTLEY, graduate nurses
Phone Fairmont 2165
montorium,  it
Dicky   Mcltrid
Hooever 1 luulu
job afore- a fellie I
the fence tae inc.
"Onything new  this morntr
tly?"   an'   then   we   haes   a   bit   er
on   things   iu   general���the   war.
German Emperor, Dicky McBride
Wullie  Iteewser.
"What (lae vac ken aboeel tin- le
if   Mairtin.   Sandy?"   In-   -i-k-
hee-n  long  :il   ttl��
kent shouted eiwre
rack i
.- an'
he's comin' hack tae polytici in
"Ask the man who has one"
1136 HOMER STREET, VANCOUVER, B.C. Phone Seymour 3230 FOUR
���      *      *      *      *
*   *   ��   *   * ***** *****
Col. Theodore Roosevelt, cx-presi-1 done nothing t" pr.evoke the crisis,
dent .if the United States, and one of I even although ii be admitted that in
the greatest individual forces in the the end she was certain tn side with
world, contributes to The Outlook, of Russia. War was not declared by
Sept. 23, a lengthy, carefully written her, but against her, and she ceiuld
article een "The World War: Its Tra-lnot have escaped il save hy having
gedies and  Lessons." I pursued In   the   past, and hy   willing-
Colonel Roosevelt, in tlle course of j ness I" pursue in the future, a course
the article, incidentally mentions that
lie in of German-Irish origin. This,
also, incidentally, is for the purpose
probably, of letting the American people know that some of his blood,
at least, would naturally be found
driving his sympathies towards the
German nation. Like ourselves���we
are heart und seeitl with Britain, as the
war is just as much ours today as it
is Britain's���Colonel Roosevelt expresses the greatest admiration and
respect for the German people. For
German militarism and the rule of the
war lords, he leaves much tei be inferred, eebeying, as Ile d'etes, as far as
possible, tlie neutrality injunction eef
Ihat olher great leader of the people.
President  Wilson.
We append seinie notable extracts
from the article as follows.
Our country stands well-nigh alone
among the great civilized powers in
being unshaken by the present weerld-
wide war. For this we should be
humbly and profoundly grateful. All
of us een this continent e.tight to appreciate how fortunate we are that
we of the Western world have been
free from the workings of the causes
which have produced the bitter and
vindictive hatred among the great
military powers of the Old World.
We owe this immunity primarily to
the policies grouped together under
the title of the Monroe doctrine. Thie
Monroe Doctrine is as vital to the
interests of this hemisphere today as
it ever has been. Nations like Brazil, Argentina, and Chile arc as deeply concerned in its maintenance as
we  are  ourselves.
We of thc United States have a
two-fold duty in this crisis. We must
profit by reading aright the lesson
WTit iii lire and steel before emr
eyes, and therefore we must safeguard our own future against the onfall of any similar disaster. Moreover,
we must not only stand ready to act
as an instrument for the achievement
of a just peace if or when the opportunity arises, but also do whatever
we call to formulate and secure ad>-
hesion to some kind oi efficient international agreement whereby the
chances of the recurrence of such
world-wide disaster shall at least be
minimized. To serve these various
ends, we. all of us. without regard
to party differences, must stand ready
loyally to support tiie administration,
asking nothing except that the policy
be one that in truth and- in fact tells
for the honeir and interests of our
nation, and in truth and in fact is
helpful to the cause eif a permanent
and righteous weerld peace.
Peace and Righteousness
Of Course peace is worthless -unless
it serves the cause of righteousness.
Peace which consecrates militarism
is of small service. Peace obtained
by crushing the liberty and life of
just and unoffending peoples is as
cruel as the most cruel war. It should
ever be emr honorable effort to serve
one of the world's most vital need's
by doing all in our power to bring
about conditions which will give
-.onie effective preelection lo weak or
small nations which themselves keep
etrder and aet wilh justice toward the
rest   of   mankind.     There   can   be   nee
higher international duty than to
safeguard the independence ��>i industrious, orderly stales, with a high
personal and national standard- eef
conduct, but without the military
force of the Great Powers: states, for
instance, such as Belgium, Holland.
Switzerland, lhe Scandinavian countries. Uruguay, anil others. A peace
which, left Belgium's wrongs unredressed and which did not provide
against tlle recurrence of such wrong
as those from which she has suffered wemld not he a  real peace.
which would have left her as helpless as Luxembourg ��� ami Luxembourg's fate sinews that helplessness
dens mit offer the smallest guarantee
of peace.
Britain's Honor
When once Belgium was invaded,
every circumstance e>f national homer
and interest- forced England ot aet
precisely as she did acl. She could
not htive held up her head amem��
nations had she acted otherwise. In
particular, she is entitled to the praise
of all true hivers of peace, for it is
only by action such as she took that
neutrality treaties and treaties guaranteeing the rights of small powers
will ever be given any value. The
actions of Sir Edward Grey as he
guided Britain's foreign policy showed adherence to lofty standards of
right combined! with firmness of courage under great strain. The British
position, as tersely stated in tlle following exlrael from lhe report of
Sir Edward Geis'chen, who at the
outset of the war was British Ambassador in Berlin. The report, in
speaking of tlle interview between
the Ambassador and the German Imperial Chancellor, llerr von Betfa-
mann-l lollweg, says:
The Chancellor (spoke) about
twenty minutes. He said the step
taken by Great Britain' was terrible
to a degree. Just for a word,
"neutrality," a word which in watt
lime bad been so often disregarded,
just for a scrap of paper, Great Britain was going to make war on a
kindred nation. What we had done
was unthinkable. It was like striking
a man from behind while he \v*is
lighting for life against two assailants.
I protested strongly against this
statement, and said that in thc same
way as he wished me to understand
that for strategical reasons it was a
matter of life or death to Germany
to advance througii Belgium and violate the latter's neutrality, so I would
wish him to understand1 that it was,
so to speak, a matter of life or death
for the honor of Great Britain that
she would keep ber solemn engagement to do her utmost to defend Belgium's neutrality if attacked. A solemn compact simply had to be kept,
or what conlidetiice could any one
have in England's engagement in
the  future?
Russia's  Course
Again, when once the war was
started between Austria and Servia.
it can be well argued that it was
impossible for Russia not to take
part. Had she met done sei. she
would have forfeited her claims to
the leadership eif the smaller Slav
peoples; and tbe leading Russian liberals enthusiastically support the
Russian government in this matter,
asserting that Russia's triumph in this
particular struggle means a check
to militarism, a stride towards greater
freedom, and an advance in justice
towards the Pole, the Jew, the Finn,
and the people of the Caucasus.
When Russia toeek part, it may well
be argued that it was impossible for
Germany not to come to the defense
of Austria, and that disaster would
surely have attended her arms had
she not followed the course she actually did follow as regards her opponents em her western frontier. As
for her wonderful efficiency ��� her
equipment, the foresight and decision
of her general staff, ber instantaneous
action, her indomitable peraistancc���
there can be nothing but praise and
admiration elne a stem, virile and
masterful people, a people entitled
tee hearty respect for their patriot -
isin   and  far-seeing  self-devotion.
Position   of   France
Vet  agaain. it   is utterly impossible
to  see  how  France could  have  acted
otherwise than she did act.    She had
Belgium's Noble Stand
There is one nation, however, as
to which there was no room for difference of opinion, whether we consider ber wrongs or the justice of
her actions. It seems to mc impossible that any man can fail to feel the
deepest sympathy with a nation which
is absolutely guiltless of any wrongdoing, which has given proof of high
valor, and yet which lias suffered terribly, and which, if there is any
meaning in the word's "right" and
"wrong," has suffered wrongfully.
Belgium is not ill the smallest degree responsible for any of the conditions that during the last half-
century have been at work to impress a certain fatalistic stamp upon
those actions of Austria, Russia, Germany and France which have ren-
ilireel the war inevitable. No European nation has bad anything whatever tee fear freun Belgium, There-
was not the smallest danger of her
making any aggressive movement
against any one of her neighbours'.
lier population was mainly industrial
and was absorbed in peaceful business. Her people were thrifty, hardworking, highly civilized and in no
way aggressive. She owed her national
existence to the desire to create an
absolutely neutral state. Her neutrality had been solemnly guaranteed by
the great powers, including Germany
as well as England and France.
Suddenly, and out of a clear sky.
her territory was invaded1 by an overwhelming German army. According
lei 'he newspaper reports, it was admitted in the Reichstag by German-
members that this act was
ful." Of c.eiirse, if there
ing to the words "rigiht" and "wrong
in international matters, the act wa
wrong, Th men who shape .Gi
policy take the ground that *
ters of vital national moment there
are no such things as abstract right
and wrong, and that when a great
nation is struggling for its existence
it can no more consider die rights of
neutral powers than it can consider
the rights of its own citizens as these
rights are construed in times of peace,
and1 that everything must bend before
the supreme law oi national self-
preservation. Whatever we may think
of the morality of this plea, it is
certain that almost all great nations
hav in the past again and again acini ii' accordance with it. England's
conduct towards Denmark in tbe
Napoleonic wars, and the conduct of
both England and France toward us
during those same wars, admit only
of this specie eif justification; and
with less excuse Ihe same is true of
our conduct toward Spain in Florida
nearly a century ago. I wish it explicitly understood that I am not at
this time passing a judgment one
way or the other upon Germany for
what she did  io  Belgium.    But I do
wish to point out just what was done,
anil In emphasize Belgium's absolute
innocence ami the horrible suffering
and disaster that have overwhelmed
her iu spite eef such innocence. Ami
I wish to dee this so that we as a
nation may learn aright ibe lessons
taught bv the dreadful Belgian tragedy.
Germany's Planned Attack
Germany's attack on Belgium was
not due to any sudden impulse. It
bad heen carefully planned for a score
of years, on the assumption tbat tlle
treaty of neutrality was, as llerr von
Bethmann-Hollweg observed, "nothing hut paper," and' that tlle question of breaking or keeping it was
to  bc   considered   solely     from     llle
standpoint eif Germany's interest.
The German railways up to the Belgian border are for llie nuest part
military roads, which have been
double-tracked with a view to precisely the overwhelming attack that bus
just been delivered into and through
Belgium! The g-reat German military
text-books, such as that of Xiern-
hardi. iu discussing and studying possible German campaigns against Russia and France, have treated advances
through Belgium or Switzerland exactly as they have Ireated possible
advances through German territory,
it being assumed by the writers and
by all for whom they wrote that no
efficient rulers or military men would
for a second consider a neutrality or
any other kind of treaty if it became
to the self-interest of a party to break
il. It must be remembered that the
German system in no way limits its
disregard eif conventions to disregard
of neutrality treaties. For example,
in General von Hernhardi's book, in
speaking of naval warfare, he lays
down the following rule: "Sometimes
in peace even, if there is other methods of defending one's self against
a superior force, it will be advisable
to attack the enemy by torpedo antl
submarine  boats,  and  to inflict  upon
him  unexpected     losses	
War upon the enemy's trade must
also he conducted as ruthlessly as
possible, since only then, in addition
lo the material damage Inflicted upon
the enemy, the necessary terror is
spread among the merchant marine,
which is even more important than
tbe capture of actual prizes. A certain
amount of terrorism must be practiced- on tbe sen, making peaceful
tradesmen stay in peaceful harbors."
Belgium has felt the full effect of
the practical application of these principles, and Germany has profited by
tii em exactly as ber statesmen and.
soldiers -believed she would profit.
They ha\" believed that tiie material
gain of trampling on Belgium would
more than iffset any material opposition which '.he act would arouse, and
they treat Pith the titter and con-
teinptiiejus dcHsi.in which it deserves
the mere pacwMSt clamor against
wrong which ta unaccompanied by
the intention and effort to redress
wrong by force]
Valiant Defense
The Belgians, when invaded, valiantly defended themselves. They
acted precisely as Andreas Hofer and
Tyrolese, and Koerner and the
f the North German Tugen-
bund, acted iu their day; and, their
fate has heen the fate of Andreas Hofer, wine was sheet after his capture,
and eif Koerner. who was shot in- bat-
lie. They fought valiantly, and they
were overcome They were Ihen
stamped under foot. Probably it is
physically impossible for our people,
living soflly^^^^^"
lo   themselvei-
wrt m g-
any mean-
iml at  ease to  visualiz.
the   dreadful   woe   that
has cume upon the people of Belgium,
and especially  upon  the  poeir  people.
Let each man  think of his neighbors
���of lhe carpenter,  the station-agent.
��� tlie day laborer,  the  farmer, the  gro-
i ei-r���who  are   round  about   hint,   and
think nf these  men deprived of their
I all. their homes destroyed, their sons
dead or prisoners,  their     wives     and
! children  half  starved,  overcome   wilh
j fatigue and   horror.   Stumbling    their
way lo some cily tti refuge and when
they have reached it, finding air ships
wrecking the bouses with bombs and
destroying;  women   and  children.  The
King shared the toil ami danger of the
lighting  men;   tbe   Queen    and     her
children   suffered-   as   other     mothers
and children suffered.
I am not now discussing the question whether or not it proper and
necessary tei use air-ships as they
used against Antwerp, and as
like circumstances they would
undoubtedly be used against New
York or Chicago. I am merely calling attention to what has actually
been done in  Belgium; in
with   what   the   Ge
ably ���
of coi
need tn
rmans unquestion-
sineerely believe to bc the course
of conduct n-eeessitated by Germany's
struggle for her life does not
make it any easily for the Belgians
to suffer deat'h. :\'or am I now discussing whether or not it is moral to
have utterly destroyed Louvain, and
to have imposed such paralyzing pecuniary lines as that upon Brussels,
backed by the statement, as alleged,
that the art treasures will be removed
if the line i.s nol paid. All that is
necessary for my presenl purpose is
Germans ar,? in Belgium From no
fault of the Belgians, hul purely because the Germans deemed it to th
vital interest to violat
rights. Therefore the ult
sponsihility for what has occurred at
' ouvain and what has occurred ami
is   centring   in   Brussels   rests  in   no
tt to tneur
tnnate     re-
way  up,,n   Belgium.    The    invasion
could have been averted by no action "i Belgium lhat wa- consisted
with her honeer and seU-respect. The
Belgians would have been le-s-. than
nn-n hail thev nol defended themselves and their country. For this,
and this emly, they are suffering,
somewhat as my eewn German ancestors suffered when Turenne ravaged
the Palatinate, somewhat as my
Irish ancestors suffered in the struggles that attended tin- conquests anel
ri-i-oiiejuests eif  Ireland in Ibe elays e.t'
CromweH and William, The suffering is by no mean-, as gie-at. but it is
very great, and it is altogether too
nearly akin lee what occurred in the
seventeenth century for us eef the
twentieth century tee feel overmuch
pleased with the amount of advance
lhat has bi-en made. It it neither
necenary nor at the present litlle pees-
sible tei sifl from tlle charges, countercharges, and denials the exact facts
as   to   the  actl   alleged   to   have   been
committed in various places. The
prime fact as regards Belgium is that
Belgium was an entirely peaceful and
genuinely neutral power which had
been guilty eif no offense whatever.
Whal has befallen her is due to the
further fact thai a great, highly civilized  military   power  deemed  that   its
vital interests    rendered    imperative
tin- inlletiieii of this suffering on an
inoffensive alt lu nigh valiant and patriotic   little   nation.
Admires German People
1 think, at any rate I hope, I have
rendered il plain that I am not mew
criticizing, mat I am not passing
judgment eene way eir the other, upon
Germany's action. 1 admire and respect tlie Germau people, 1 am proud
ot the German blood in my veins.
When a nation feels that tlle issue of
a contest in winch, from whatever
reason, its finds itself engaged will
be national life or death, it is inevitable that it should act so as to save
itself   Irom   death   and   perpetuate   its
lite.   Wha, has occurred io Belgium
is precisely wh��t would occur under
similar conditions i.r lilt, unless we
were able tee show lhat the action
weiuld- be dangerous. If any (Mil
World military power, Kuropcan or
Asiatic, were engaged in war, and
deemed such action necessary anil
safe, it would at once seize the Panama Canal, or the Danish or Dutch
West Indies, or Magdalena Bay, exactly as Belgium and Luxemburg have
been overrun by Germany, as Korea
has been seized by Japan. They
would certainly so acl it they thought
wc would in any real crisis pay heed
to tlle political theories that have
just been negotiated in Washington.
They would refrain from so acting
only if they knew we wemld instantly and resulutely act ourselves in such
manner as to forestall and defeat their
The rights and wrongs eif these
cases where nations violate tlle rules
of abstract morality in order to meet
their own vital needs can be precisely determined only when all the
facts are known and when men's blood
is cool. 1 am not at this time striving to lay down, a general law, although I believe that it is imperative,
in the interest if civilization, to create
International conditions which shall
neither require nor permit such action in the future. J am not at this
time criticizing the particular actions
of which 1 speak. But 1 do wish to
point out just what these actions are,
and just what lessons we of the
United States should learn from them
so far as our own future is concerned.
Col. Roosevelt then proceeds to
draw lessons. He declares that it is
"eminently desirable that we should
remain entirely neutral and nothing
but urgent need would warrant breaking our neutrality and taking sides
one way or tbe other." Neutrality,
he points out, may bc of prime necessity "in order to conserve our influence for helping towards peace
when the time conies." The United
States is the most likely to be tlle
medium for bringing peace. He adds:
"But we pay the penalty for this action em behalf eif peace lor ourselves,
and possibly for others in the future,
by forfeiting our righl to do anything on behalf eef peace for lhe Belgians in lhe present. We call main- |
tain our neutrality only by refusal t"
do anything to aid unoffending. weaK
powers winch are dragged into the
gulf of bloodshed and misery through
no fault of their own. Probably anything that we could have done would
have helped Belgium. I am sure that
the sympathy ot this country for the
suffering eif the nun, women anil children eif   Belgium is very real."
While earnestly believing in peace.
Col. Roosevelt declares it is a poor
thing to live in a fool's paradise. Ile
prefers the heroism of the Belgians
to tiie tame submission of the Lux-
eiuburgers. Ile points to the wisdom
of Great Britain in maintaining a
great fleet. Today, "Great Britain
owes it that she is not in worse
plight than Belgium solely to the
fact that with far-sighted'wisdom her
statesmen have maintained her navy
at thc highest point of efficiency."
The lesson is clear to the United
States Ceil. Roosevelt writes: "I
earnestly believe in peace." He respects every sincere and upright man
who believes in peace. but while
treating all nations justly and courteously, a nation must be prepared
to defend herself. He makes frequent
use of Germany's disregard' of a "scrap
of  paper."
The U. S. and Canada
With pride, the ex-president refers
to growth in morality and intelligence
among nations, ami as an example
notes the hundred years of peace between the l'nited States and Great
Britain, the great American-Canadian
frontier without a fort. "The fact
simply is." he adds, "that there has
been'such growth of good feeling and
intelligence thai war between us and
the British empire is literally an impossibility, and there is no more
chance of military movements across
lhe Canadian border than there is of
such movement between Xew York
and Xew Hampshire or Quebec and
Ontario. Slowly but surely. I believe.
such feelings will grow, until war bc-
(Continued on Page 6)
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Hi SATL'RDAY.   OCTOBER   17,   1914
Gore Ave.
Lawrence & Sandusky, Lessees
Sey. 3907
Week   commencing   Monday evening,   October   19,   1914
In  the sensationaal  musical  play
Alma, Where Do You Live ?
Prices  25c   50c
Matinees 25c any seat
18th and Main Street
All the Latest in Motion Pictures
Sometimes   a   thrill,   sometimes   a   smile,   always   pictures   you   are
pleased to see, always a sure entertainment
Empresr. Theatre
l-'e-r nexl week to follow thai ine.st
laughable musical play "The Three
I -.-. it -." \\ hich i- now running at the
Me isr��. Lawn nee & Sandusky annum i . laborate production "i thi sensational musical play
"Alma,   Where  ���!���.   Vou   Live
its   first  pi   - i    \",.-11 -
na tin- famous mti
sation I-...tie of Europe and
Ami ii- a, .ei .1 ,-,- ' . ��� >- pi sitivi i\ it -
iii -t performance an) �� hi re al
lar pricei, the- Empri ss next ��n-l:
-lienilel be 'h-- mecca for all our imi-i.
lovers and
Mi-- Lucille Palme r is lure e,,
create a sensation in tin- role of the
fas :inating ing    Minn,   and   ���   -
beautiful   song   numbers   with   which I
tin- I'i- ill give In i- fine
opportunities --i -1 on ing In r undoubted talents a- n  musical comedy star, i
Patriotic   Concert
A gram    Patriot
\\ at   Fund,  -.wi-  bi    hi I
4��th Avei ' .    - -
���   ���'.:.   1914.       I
ction .1  Mr. VV   V\    i
and In  is ai    i ���
..: e pi   grammi.
thi     Chinook"   ni
I,.-   mentioned   that   thi    coi   -
A���eaii-ii    All desiring a .-
et rt ;ii  thc popular price of -.; -
should ke-i-p this date ���
H.   H.   DEAN,   Proprietor
Cedar   Cottage   Theatre
20th Avenue and Commercial Street
.   . We show the best, cleanest and most up to date pictures with a
complete change daily.
Howard Russell at the Empress
A very hri^in part) gathered at tin
, home   fi   Miss   Mm iel   Bodw 111    21
. ui    East,  - irganist   of   thc   Ruth
' Morton Memorial Church, to make a
pn ejentation   to   Mrs.   Albert   I-
I \e In i has been one ��� ti the m is! activi
[workers in the choir of the church
since ii- inception. The present consisted  fi a  silver  cream  pitcher am!
- -' gar  bowl,  suitably  engraved,    The
I Rev   J. VV.  Litch made the prescnta-
' u n he-half fi iln  choir with some
very pleasant remarks as to the high
esteem in which Mr-, fraser was held
j by all. (In behalf of the briele-. the
groom, Mr. A. Fraser, made a suitable reply.
The evening was most enjoyably
spent with music, 1 ���<eili instrumental
and vocal, Miss Dorothy Peck contri-
| buting some splendid recitations.
Refreshments   were   served,     Among
|thei-e-   who   were   present   were   Rev,
i I VV. and Mrs. Litch, Mis- Maud
Coldwell,  Mrs.  II.  Coldewelt.  Miss  E.
| Coldwetl,   Mi--   Mary   Davidson,   Mr.
i ami Mr-. Jas. MiddJeton, Mr. Thomas
I lartnell,   Mi-s   Kitty   Litch,   Mr.  anel
I Mi-.   Cogger,   Mr.   Albert   Williams.
j Miss D. Peck, Mi-s I-'. Litch, Mr. Albert Uottomley, Mis- Bottomley, Mr
Percy William-. Mr. and Mr-. I-'. \l
Rills, Mi-- Mm;, Wright, Mi-s Edith
King, iln-  Misses McNeil ami others.
urch wedding loeek
Morton  Memorial
ber    Mi.
�� in n K. .. J   Willard Litch ui
marriage  Maggie   Rose,  third  daughter  o!  Mr.  am:   Mrs.   William   David-
Vlbert   U     Fraser,  of Aber-
I -nli-. who was
wore   a
'le-   --lle-lle    wiih   a Bl   1-   n- '
��� ath    Of   "VailL'e-   ie!----
Miss  Mar;
silk   crepe,   wit!;   tritnmil
itch,   her
\ ].re-i-
��� ���
left I
was    m, rn :iv,-
' I
will tale   up nee in Ain r-
Ut equalled       Vaudeville       Mcani       Pantage*
E.   D.   Graham,   Resident   Manager
Phone Seymour 3406
"The Great Question"
Three   shows   daily    2.45,   7.20.   9.15
dmission���Matinees,     15c;     nights.
15c and 25c; boxes, 50c.
We claim we have the best.
The largest Plant and a downstream haul.
Dealers in
Coal, Cement. Plaster, etc.
Phone 15-16
Can   supply   ycur   needs   at   right
(.Right  at  Station)
Cor. 30th Avenue and Main Street
Comfortable  Hall for oublic meetings,  dances,  etc.,  to  Let
34 32nd Avenue
Palace Varieties Theatre
45th Avenue and Fraser Street
Boots and Shoes and Gent's Furnishings
We specialize in Children's Strong wear School Boots. We
are Agents for the celebrated "Leckie" Brand Boots and Shoes,
Made in B.C.
We also carry a line of Men's Furnishings. Our stock of Rubbers is complete.
"Alma." will In- -tana-el ami mounted regardless ot expense ami will be
unquestionably tin- event of the |>ihs-
ent musical play engagement.
910-11    YORKSHIRE    B.UTi.
Central   Park   Prer.byterian   Church
Before a crowed congregation, anel
amid  an  impressiveness  that  will  be
I long  remembered   by   those   pn sent,
tlu- Rev. J.  Richmond Craig  was oi
dained  I" tin-  ministry   .nni  inducted
intn  tlu-   pastoral   charge  'ef  Central
Ques-  Park   Presbyterian   Church    een    the
eorgie  evening   .i Thursday la-t.    Tlu- ceremony took place- in the- now  famous
| church   building,   opposite   tin-   Park
[gate,   ami   where   fur   'over     twenty
.year-   tin-   Presbyterians  of  iln-  eli--
[ trict   have   worshipped.     Among  the
members  e.f   Presbytery   taking  part
in the interesting function were :  Or.
Pantages Theatre
In tin- playlet, "The Great
tion," Landers Stevens, C
Cooper ami cumpany will appear as
llu- headlincrs next week. The playlet is based upon tlu- agitation t" ihe
away with the segregated district. It
compares tlu- fashionable society
amusements with those "i tlu- underworld and delivers a moral against
the women "i the smart set. iE. H. McLaren. Vancouver,; Rev.   V
The farce comedy sketch, "Mov-iL. lUirch. Vanceeiiver: Rev, G. 1).
ing Day," i- called a funny burlesque Ireland. Seeuth Vancouver; Rev. A.
eef a domestic episode. The troubles MacKay, Wesl Vancouver; Rev. A.
nf a "haiulless" hubby are depicted by | C. Cameron, West Burnaby; Rev, A.
Bruce Richardson, assisted by a com- O'Donnell, Edmonds; Rev, .1. A. IVt-
pany. i rie. Xew Westminster; Rev, I). James,
The York Trio, two young men and Grandview; Rev. J. C. Alder, Alder-
a  maid,  arc   said  tee  dance  and  sing  grove.
with splendiel nerve ami fineness. Thej     Apologies oi absence- were received
costumes are described as  smart  anil j from   Rev.   Principal   MacKay.   D.D.
..   Riding a
lotorcycle at 60 miles an
the  inside  nf a   circular
Hughes Bros' Big Liquor Store
Phone : Seymour 330
We carry everything in Wines, Liquors and Cigars
No order too small, and none too large for this popular Liquor Store
Store open every evening until 11 p.m.
Free Delivery to all parts South Vancouver
Leaving our Store every Thursday and Friday morning at 9 a.m.
Price List mailed free on application
age, the G're\t  C^18'"'  promises to
ide a  race wiih de'atii  H'!-^/'^' Sl'c"
A Joint Savings Account may be opened at the Bank of Vancouver
in the names of two or more persons. In these accounts either party
may sign cheques or deposit money. For the different members of
a family or a firm a joint account is often a great convenience. Interest paid on balances.
Order your Wines, Liquors or Cigars
By Phone (High. 555)--Free Motor Delivery
To South Vancouver every Friday
Cascade Beer (on Ice).. pts SI do*., qts *2 doz.
Heidelberg Beer          "   Si    "       "   ��2   ���
B. O. Export Beer     "    86c"        "��1.75"
ond  of  the   IS  minutes  he
Prince and! Deerie infer songs,
dances and patter, while Togan and
Geneva do dancing and balancing on
thc tight wire. A Kcysteine comedy
picture will complete the bill.
Mr. anil Mrs. Hugh Peebles entertained a lange company mi Friday
evening at 38RI Quebec Street on the
occasion of the marriage eif their second son, Mr. Archibald Rae Peebles,
with Miss Ellen Ferguson Boyne,
eldest daughter nf Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Boyne, nf Lanarkshire, Scotland. The minister uf Westminster
Church. Rev. George D. Ireland, B.A.,
performed the ceremony, The bride,
attended by Miss Theira Theirsrn-.
prettily (rocked in saxe blue, and the
Misses Mattie Walker and Amy
Mutch, who acted as flower girls, was
given away by Hr. Alan Walker. Her
bridal robe was uf white satin witb
overdress   uf   lace   and   her   bouquet
composed of white carnations.    Mr.
and- Mrs. Peebles, at the conclusion
eif their honeymoon t<>ur. are to live
at .W70 Quebec Street.
The Hritish flag is (lying.
In the squadron's grim and gray,
But there's many a man lies dying.
At the cleising of the day.
But though our men are leaving.
They have fought in England's host,
And  there's  mme  that is  deceiving
The people with their beiast.
Let the German forces in their pride
Fling down  een  our loyal men.
But  the strengthened arms allied
Will crush the Kaiser then.
Crush the man whee disgraced his
And  brought  his uwn  land  hew.
With a paltry few, who are all the
That compelled their men  to go.
Wasting   their  laud   by   their  greedy
Of men who were peaceful to see.
For the  sake  of the  flare and  power
eif fame
They hound tlnise who were free.
And they brought it on when they
fought feir fame,
Defying Christian training.
There's   a   red   line   written   against
their  name.
This sin eif theirs explaining.
smart  and \ from   Rev.   Principal   Mn
Rev. F, W. Kerr. Wew Westminster,
Rev. Dr. MacKinnon, Rev. Dr. Pid-
geon, Vancouver.
The sermon was preached by Rev.
J. C. Alder and the ordination and
thfij induction led by Rev. D. James. Rev.
|)r "V|"(.' -eren gave the usual charges
t<��'the1 new r^:!:;"-r and said that
it was now over twenty yf'lJjJJ!"
he lirst preached' in Central I'ark
and it was therefore with great pleasure that he took part in that service.
He had also known Mr. Craig before
he came tee Canada and what he knew
eif him both then and since, gave him
confidence in saying to that congregation that they were exceedingly
fortunate iu securing tlu- services -ei
so competent  and  able a man.
Rev. G. D, Ireland conveyed the
felicitations of the Presbytery t.. the
congregation upon se. happy a settlement. They had secured a gemd man
and it was their duty to stand by him
and assist him in his we.rk. He
would lead them all right if they
woulil follow. A congregation that
had made such a rcce.rd during the
hardest times ever known was sure
tee make headway and become a feirce
in  the community.
Mr. and Mrs G. W. Hall sang two
solos during the evening while tlle
church cheeir. under the leadership eif
Mr. T. M. Howat. lead the congregational singing throughout the service. The strangers were entertained
after the ceremony in the School
Room by the ladies of the congregation under tiie superintendence of
Mrs. Thomas Todrick.
Central Park's newly ordained minister has been in charge e.f the present congregation feer exactly eme vear.
and was called to the pulpit on. the
strength eif his record1 both as a
preacher and organiser. When Mr.
Craig came tei Central I'ark the
church had been disrupted, people
said, tiie building was in the wrong
place and there was me need for a
church on Kingsway. The hist.iry of
the congregation for the past year
has sheiwn that the prophets of those
days were men of >h,irt vision. Financially this congregation has not
only paid its own way during the
'resent stringent times ut it has.
with a generosity truly Christian, kept
other congregations from the receivers hands. Every agency is at weirk.
and there is a unanimity and heartiness of spirit in the church of which
any minister might well be proud.
With such a band eef willing workers
there is no limit tee the scope of usefulness of  such  a  congregation-,
Anderson Market
The Family Butcher at
the Sanitary Shop
Try our mild cured Hams and
Bacons,  machine  sliced.
The place to get your Cooked
Hams and Jelly Tongue.
Don't forget we carry the finest
New Zealand Butter and Local
Tel. Fair 1634
Sashes,  Doors,
Windows, and
ail   kinds   of
Mill    Work
We   have   the   most   up-to-date
All Doors. Windows and Sashes
We   guarantee  all  our  work.
Call  and  see  us���We  put  you
Phone  Fairmont 836
Tired of
The People of Vancouver
Bakers' Goods.     Come and Get the
Soda  Scones 3 for  10c.    i      Pancakes      20c.  per  doz.
Cream   Scones 5c.  each Crumpets 20c.  per  doz.
Potatoe Scones       20c. per doz.    j      Fruit Cakes 2 for 5c.
Treacle Scones    ....  3 for 10c.    I      Oatcakes       2 for 25c.
EXTRA SPECIAL.���Meat Pies, Friday and Saturday 5c. each
Black  Puddings    .  2  lbs.  for  25c. Oatmeal   Pudding  .      20c.  per  lb.
SCOTCH HAGGIS (to order)
Weekly supply  New  Laid Eggs from Wert Burnaby
2450 MAIN SIREET ('to
'��y   )
While answering a fire alarm at
the corner of 46th and Xanainio Road
Inspector Rawden's auto came to grief
at the c.erner of School Road and
Phone Fairmont 989 P.O. Box 574, Ceelar Cottage SIX
How Hon. Mr. Martin and
Sir Wilfrid Buried the Hachet
Famous Parliamentarian Speaks of Planks of Liberal Platform
for Approaching Campaign and Outlines His Position Under
New National Arrangement.
Announcement   of   the    return     i - Stands   for  Trade   Freedom
Canadian politics - ; that veteran Lib- [, goel ^thoul saying thai M.-uu-
*ral, Mr. Joseph Martin, has created toba and the Wesl will undoubtedly
much interest throughout Western |welcome "Fighting Foe" into the polf-
Canada Iii. following interview was tjcai arena ,,���,;��� 'h,. has ���iwayJ
given by Mr. Martin in Winnipeg last ,to���d for the greatest freedom in
week and was published in the Win-|trade, in railway building and in the
���{peg "Tribune   : [public life of��the country.    When he
Laurier's Platform wa" unsble to1fcc.u!'' "'l,a' h�� w" af
ter, he never hesitated to differ with
"I am authorized by Sir Wilfrid hii leaders. Whatever else he has1
Laurier t.e Male- ihat ii will be the succeeded in doing, hc has certainly
policy nf the Liberal party to take the convinced the puhlic thai he is sin-
tariff entirely off agricultural imple- cere in fighting for the policies which
ments of every kind and description, he advocates, and that In- can In-
large and small, and this will als.e ap-! trusted to keep his word.    If Mr. Mar- |
For the convenience of our buying public we have Opened a
Branch Office at 4188 MAIN STREET [ii$]
(Opposite Dreamland Theatre)
Ask for the Famous "JINGLE POT"
STOVE WOOD, 14-inch lengths, $3.00 per Load
ply iee mining machinery and saw mill
machinery. Tin- Liberal party will
also, if returned to power, increase
the liritish preference. The exact increase has not heen determined on,
but if 1 have my way il will be a very
large increase indeed. Ill' course llu-
policy eef free wheat to satisfy then-cent American tariff act will*, be
granted by the Liberals just as willing and readily as the present Conservative government have refused
llack into lhe political game in
Canada as lhe right hand man of Sir
Wilfrid Laurier- in tlle west. Ileni.
Jeiseph Martin today officially announced that 'Hie of the main planks
in the Liberal platform in the ceim-
fng campaign will be tei free agricultural implements of all kinds entirely  from   tariff.
Looking as lit as he did a quarter
of a century ago when lu- used to
dominate- tlu political affairs of Manitoba. Mr. Martin arrived in the city
dayr before yesterday ami is spending
a day or iwe, renewing acquaintances
and   shaking   hands   with   old   friends.
Mr. Martin comes straight from
Ottawa, after having shaken hands
with Sir Wilfrid, the veteran Liberal
leader, and buried the hatchet.
lie comes at ilu- request of Sir Wilfrid tei participate in ihe organization
of tlle Liberal forces from the- Great
Lakes to the Pacific coast. Since Iiis
return from London, Mr. Martin has
been spending his time iu Vancouver.
He has been besieged on all sides tee
take a hand in the political game
again, and when Sir Wilfrid heard
that lie might lie available, he sent
for him anil the two old war horses
have been "confabbing" for senile
The result i.s the announcement
which is made today in an interview
with  the  honorable gentleman.
tin had been dominant in the councils |
of   the   parly   at   Ottawa   alter   18961	
there would no doubt have been a dif- ^
fer ent story to tell with regard to the [be a congenial task feir me to meet
progress of the west than has been ; with my old friends iu this province
told. 'and endeavor  to assist them to send
Phone Highland 226
Phone Fraser 41
to Ottawa a solid delegation of Liberals.
"In   Hritish   Columbia   the   Conservatives  have all   the   Dominion  seats
.Mr.   Martin's  statement   follows:
"Through the good offices of a mutual friend. Sir Wilfrid Laurier and  I
had an interview recently with regard   ^	
lo the general position of tlle Lib-land all llle local seats except twee,
eral party. After a thorough discus- both of which arc held by Socialists,
sieni eif the position and Intentions ofl The prospect on the face of it does
Ihe parly. I found that 1 was able tee: not look good, hul I hope to be able
accept   Sir   Wilfrid's  suggestion   that-to   make   great  progress  there,  as   I
shall   have   a   united   party   to   work
I should again take an active part in
the next Dominion campaign, Sir Wilfrid has invited me tee assist tlle party
in Manitoba. Saskatchewan. Alberta
and British Columbia, This is not intended to affect anybody, or to interfere   with   local   arrangements.     My
work  will  consist  iii  endeavoring toj although   I   was    enthusiastically
convince  the  voters in   lhe  west  that | favor of the reciprocity treaty.
Revolt in West
"There   has   been,   for  sonic years,
a very serious revolt  in  British  Columbia  amongsl   Liberals,  and   I   myself  at   the   last   election   voted   Tory
it will be in their interest���especially
now that they have such a large adeli-
tiem tei their representation���to support the  Liberal party.
Strong on Prairies
"In Saskatchewan and Alberta the
party showed itself very strong at the
last general election, and there is
everything tei indicate that the huge
majorities which Liberal candidates
in nearly all the constituencies iu
those two provinces received will be
inst as large,at the coming elections;
in fact it is hoped that not even three
Conservatives will be returned for
those two provinces.
"In Manitoba the resull eif the lasl
federal election was rather discouraging for tlle Liberal party. Outside
of Winnipeg two Conservative candidates got substantial majorities, but
all the other constituencies were lost
by the Liberals by quite small majorities. The late local election has
shown that the old Liberal spirit,
which was eence so strong in Manitoba, i.- by no means dead, and it  will
"The local Conservative government in Hritish Columbia has ruined
the province financially. They will
have a deficit for tlie present year of
about $7,000,000, all of which they
have been obliged tee borrow, and
they have guaranteed principal to the
extent e,f $35,(X!0 a mile and the interest e.n all the Mackenzie and Mann
railways within the province, both the
main line and branches, and also a
large sum for terminals in Victoria
and  Vancouver.
"In adelitieni they have guaranteed
the principal and interest on a large
grant to the Pacific and Great Kast-
ern which runs from Vancouver to
Fort George. The strong support
given by the local government in the
last Dominion campaign to the Dominion Tory candidates was an outstanding feature. In the next election that support will be a minus
For West's Interests
"The great difficulty in the past, to
my mind, has been that the western
part of Canaela has allowed itself to
simply endorse the policy eef the government, either Liberal eir Conservative, which has been dictated from
the east ami in the interests of the
east. I have no desire to injure my
fellow-Canadians ill Eastern Canada,
but even under the new representation act they still have many more
members than we have, and 1 contend that it is the duty eif the West
to send men to Ottawa whee will stand
eeut feer the interests of the West.
"In   view  of  tlle  old   time   position
of the Conservative party in favor of
high protection, a policy that has in it
in any way been departed from by
that party, it seems t'i me impossible
for tiie western people to obtain their
full rights except through a party
whicn will give them real tariff reduction, and 1 can assure the people of
the West that so far as 1 am concerned, if I am elected a representative, I  will be content with nothing
less than a tariff which fully recognize., the interests of western farmers and of all the people in the West
who depend  upon the farmers.
"Sir Wilfrid has stopped all campaign work- during the war, and so
far   as   I   am   concerned   this   line   of
policy will continue/'
South Vancouver, B.  C.
30th Avenue and Walden Street
One block east  of Main
(Davie   car)
_...ng   the   H*
On Sunday, Oct. 18 (St. Luke's Day)
The anniversary of the lire
On Sunday, October 11th. al St.
John's Church, instead of the regulai
Sunday School there will be a service at 3 i''clock for the children.
Parents and friends are cordially invited to attend as it i.s expected that
the Hishop will be present to address
the children.
* e|e        *
(>n Wednesday, October 21, under
the auspices of the Women's Auxiliary there will be held a Parish Social in the Rectory in tlle afternoon
and   evening.
* =1- >|e
Last Sunday evening Mr. J. II. McGill   gave   an   address   on    Dioceseil
anil Mis-ions anil their needs. 'There
was a large attendance and keen interest was manifested in his remarks.
it  it  it
At the Central I'ark Presbyterian
Church, Sunday. October 18, the pas-
lor. Rev. J. R. Craig, will lake- feer lib,
subject of discourse "The War."
There will be appropriate music by
the choir,
Anniversary Services
The Harvest Thanksgiving Services
in th.- Ruth Morton Memorial Baptist Church were largely attended.
The church presented a very attractive appearance with flowers, fruits,
autumn leaves, greens and vegetables.
The pastor preached in the morning
on "Wanted���Harvesters." and ill the
evening .en "Wanted���A Greater Canadian Harvest." The choir rendered
very effectively appropriate anthem-.
Nexl Sunday will be the first anniversary of tiie opening of the new
Church edifice. The Rev, Dr. L. Ii.
Crosby, of N'ew Westminster, will
preach in llie evening and the pastor,
ilu- Rev. .1. Williard Litch, B.A., will
speak iu the- meirning em "Things
that   make  us  glad."
Ge..rge  Wright,    3936
and   son   Georgie,   have   geme
m a month's holiday tee Newton, B.C.
*   *   *
Tin- home 6f Mr. and Mrs. George
railing. Eighth Avenue Last, was the-
icene of a  prett)    wedding    Friday
Ai   last   Sundays  harvest  Thanks-1 evening   i i ; >    " n     ��� r    	
giving Service the Central Park Pres-1 \        '",' .V"",',''1 ,"���   �� ��cu  -Miss  Ada
-i  I ���  .' '"'' 'Mr~- darling's ,,-,-,,,,,1 daugh
ter,  became  the  bride  of  Mr.  j-lrn,
byterian Church was tastefully dec
orated with fruit and flowers. The
musical portion was much enjoyed.
Both   Mrs.   Jeffcry   and   Mrs.   P,   W.
Wright,  Quebec   Street.   South-Van
  c"m,r-   The bride looked charm?"*
LeMessurier   contributed   solos   will, 1 '!���''', ���sn,''lrl  Plu*.travelling suit  wit'
great   perfection. !   ' ' '" ln8tcl1
The marriage of Mi^s Agnes W.
Baird to Mr. G. W. White- of Central
Park is announced,
Holy Communion  8.00 a.m.
Matins   10.00 a.m.
Dedication and Choral Celebration  11.00 a.m.
Catechism  and   Holy   Baptism      3.00 p.m.
Evensong   7.30 p.m.
Morning���The Lord Hishop
ICvening���The   Rector
Monday.   October   19.  8  p.m.   open.
ing   of   the   Church   HalL-md   j0ej'a|
gathering.     Cil-���,���!;, -    ',-,���.    Building
I,1;'1-.-'"   ���'
The Rector and Congregation
would very greatly appreciate the attendance of representatives from all
the either parishes and congregations
wlm assisted them so generously in
the rebuilding of the church.
W. Baker and family of Calgary have moved into the house at
the corner eif Joyce Reiad ami- Church,
lately occupied by Municipal Solicitor  Donaghay.
ek        *       *
III the store lately occupied by Mr.
Hob Flack, corner Tyne Road and
Kingsway. whei has gone to the front
to serve his country and who was
sent on to France to join his regiment. Miss Flack will open this week
with a full line of confectionery ind
home-made baking. As Miss Flick
is an expert in this line the people
of this district will be pleased to
know- tjj.-y..'��� ���,n |H. ab]e ,,, j,,.,
IWRIc-made pastry that will supply
the   must   fastidious   tastes.
(Continued from Page t)
 She   vvas  assisted   by
he-r sister Mi-- Clara A. Tarliug. The
ceremony wa- performed by Rev. Mr.
West. Abe.ut twenty guests sat
down to a delightful luncheon. Mr.
and Mrs. Wright were tiie recipients
of many handsome gifts After a
slnirt honeymoon tee Sound cities,
the happy couple will be at home lee
friends al Twenty-ninth Avenue and
Quebec  Street.
Ex-President  Roosevelt  on  the  War
(Continued from page 4)
Special Trains leave new Granville Street
Station at   12,  12.30, and   every   fifteen
minutes until 2 o'clock
ADMISSION, $1.25, Including Grandstand and Transportation
Ladies Admitted Free except on Saturdays
Races Rain or Shine
St. David's Third Anniversary a
Splendid Success
Large congregations gathered last
Sunday in St. David's Church at both
morning and evening services. The
Communion Service in lhe morning
was llie largest in llu- three years'
history of the congregation. The
minister, Rev. .1. R. Robertson, announced ihat eighteen new members
wer. ad<K -.1 le. lhe roll. Rev. R. ('.
Mcl'.eth preached a very impressive
Communion Sermon on "Th
present with a resolution from Liberal and Conservative Associations
in Hurnaby asking for separate representation for Hurnaby. Their interests, he said, were not linked up in
any  way  with  Soulh  Vancouver.
Mr. II. B. A. Veigel, president of
the Ward Seven Conservative Association, teeeek a firm stand tor a large
representation f<ir Seiuth Vancouver.
The  municipality    should    not    be
thrown In with any olher. and lie was
opposed te' Messrs. Morden anil Ann-
Chairman C, M. Wbiejpton, of the
South     Vancouver    School     Boards
stood by local interest by approving
e>f a single constituency and twb rep
I     Ex-Councillor Jeihn   Dickinson also
_ Return  st | firmly against  the machine.
f the   Dove,    which   was  much ap-     Mr. J. 6. Appleby, of Collingw I
|.predated   by  all  present.      At    the   |..,sl   ., ,lu.m|HT Df tne Conservative
ev.entng service the church was filled Executive,  took  a  most  determined
to  capacity  and  Manning  r n   was  ,,.,���,!   -^.iust   ,|u.  machine.    In   his
ai   a   premium.     Rev.   Dr.   Pidgeon   opinion     South     Vancouver     should
I,reached an appropriate Anniversary | come first, last and all the time.    He
Sermon em "The Church" which was
an inspiration to all the members and
workers of St. Davids. The service
of praise uneler the- elircction eef Mr.
D. S. Milligan, organist, was specially appropriate. Tlie offerings for the
day  were the largest  in its history.
On Tuesday night the Anniversary
Concert was held and again the
church was filled,   The program open
ed' with an  anthem  by  the choir and
the following soloists generously con-1 Now, if you   were going mt
tributed both selections and  encores|departmental    store    business
to the pleasure of the evening: Mrs.
R. Stirling, soprano; Mrs. I.. J. Raby,
contralto; Mr. J. Dunlops, tenor, and
Mr. Chas. J. Bjorke, baritone, Miss
Christie as elocutionist and Mr. W.
Fray as a brilliant concertina player
were greatly appreciated. Rev. .1. R.
Robertson presided and at the cldse
of the program spoke worels oi high
appreciation and thanks to all who
hail helped tee make St. David's Third
Anniversary such a splendid success.
on Friday, October 9. at 3 o'clock
in the afternoon at the home of Mr.
anel Mrs W. Forret, 4425 Sophia
Street, Jessie Buchan, of Pent Co��
quitlam, became tlu briele 'ef Robert
It. Forret, Tlu- bride's sister, Mrs.
W. Somerville, acted as bridesmaid
and Mr. Thomas Mattle acted as
groomsman. The Rev. W. L. Raynes,
of Port Coquitlam, performed the
resented the peculiar ami apparently
inspired remarks of the two visitors,
Morden and Armstrong.
Charles Harrison stood for representation   according  to  population,
Councillor Millar stoeiel with the
Winn .1. li. Appleby was giving his
evidence, said to Justice Macdonald,
"My Lend, we don't want to take-
Hurnaby  intei partnership    with    us.
wouldn't take a farmer in as partner,
would   you?"
"Ii would'depend'upon what money
he had." replied his Lordship; and
there-   was   general   laughter.
The Commission ai-eesc a! a late
hour and, the following nighl held a
session at Kerrisdale which was attended bv Councillor William Win-
raiu. Dr. W. A. McConkey. t',. M.
Murray. Mr. McGeer and "ther- from
South Vancouver. In the ce.uisc of
the receiving of evidence, Lawyer 1.
1) X'oble. one of ilu- aristocrat!* resi
dents of thcPeeini Grey district was
In ai -el.
"I might say." said Mr. Noble,
"that we in Pe.int Guy have nothing
in ceeinnion wiih those people over
there (Souih Vancouver). South
Vaitcouyet is in chaos, We don'l
wain to become contaminated with;
them.    Put us in  with  Richmond  if!
yeeu   will   llllt    We   lhe   Hot   want   to   have-
anything to ihe wiih  South  Vancou-
tween the Englishman and the German, or the Russian, eir the Frenchman, or between any of them and the
American, will be as unthinkable as
now between the Englishman eer Canadian anil lhe American."
w9r!d A6.:....Jnt
In conclusion he says : "Hut in
view of what has occurred in this war,
surely tin- time ought to he ripe for
the nations to consider a great world
agreement among all the civilized
military powers tee back righteousness.
by force. Such an agreement would
establish an efficient World League
for the Peace- e.f Righteousness. Such
an agreement could limit tlle amount
to be spenl mi armaments and. after
designing carefully the inalienable
rights of each nation which were nol
I" be transgressed by any other, c mid
also provide them, or between one
of them and one of a certain number
of designated outside Don-military
nations, should he submitted to an
international court, including citizens
of all these nations, chosen not ai
representatives of tlu- nations, but as
judge���ami perhaps in any given
ease lhe particular jiulgiins could I"'
chosen hy lot from ilu- total number
To supplement .}iul*makc this effectual it sheiuld be solemnly (fovenanted
that il any nation refused to abide
by lln decision of sttch a court the
otlu-rs would draw Ihe swoiel mi behalf oi peace anel justice and would
unitedly coerce the recalcitrant nation. This plan would nol automatically bring peac. iimI il may In- too
ni   I"  hops  Ioi   il- adoptiein; but  if
some such scheme coulel be adopted,
in g I faith anil with a genuine purpose behind it to make ii effective,
then we would havi- come nearer to
lln elay of world peace. World peace
will nol come save in some such manner as lhat whereby we obtain peace
within the borders eif each nation;
that is. by the creation of reasonably
impartial judges and by putting force
in efficient fashion���behind the decrees "f tin- jiulges. \i present each
nation must in the lasl resort trust
lo iis own strength if it is to pre-
gerve all lhat makes life worth having At present this is imperative-.
This -late of things can he abolished
only when we put force, when we
put tin- collective armed power eif
civilization!, behind some body which
shall wiih reasonable justice anil
equity represent tin- collective determination of civilization I-1 d" what is
Established  1893
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