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The Golden Era May 4, 1895

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Array fj 'X*lJ~~'     \/-^uC-L.C-
HE GOLDEN
/
<x$
VOL. IV.   XO. 39
GOLDEN B.C., SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1895.
92 Feb Year
OF INTEREST TO YOU.
I have just finished my annual stocktaking and find that my stock fnr exce ids
my expectations in suits, pants, coats, vests, loots and shoes,
hats and cups,
In order to remedy this I offer the following inducements:
I  havo  over  FIFTY  Suits   that  I   will   sell   nt   cost anil
havo  over
under.
Suits.
Pants.
Goats.
Vests.
Boots & Shoes.
Hats & Caps.
W, j, ROOK- COWELL, M.A., B.Sc'.F.G.S.
K. S. Arnold Wallinoek.
Cowell and Wallinger,
Assayers & Metallurgists.
An-uys and Analysis nintlcof all klndsofores.
Experiments innde nnd advice -riven uu
Oilsiost inetlioils of rotiitirtioii or extraction,
I have over THREE HUNDRED pairs of pants that I will sell
at exact cost.
I have over TWENTY coats that 1 will sell at all prices.
luve  over TWENTY
low prices.
vests   thut   I  will  sell   at  very
Up Country results
next mail.
returned
I have an immense stock of hoots mid shoes at
prices satisfactory to nil.
I have hats and caps to fit the head and suit the
pocket
It will fee to yonr Interest to call and examine tlienc
CASM   -.AlU-iAlX.-"..
C. A. WARREN,
Golden, B.C
COLUMBIA   HOUSE;
Golden,     -     -     B.C.
Has been newly built
Heated throughout
table is first class.
and  newly
with   hot
The bar
furnished,
air.     The,
is  stocked
SIMPSON'S KIDNEY PILLS
uiiaratteed   To   Cure
"That Pain in the Back."
J.   G.   TEMPLETON,
t'heiiilist, tJalgary.
iO ft Tf   Itocky Mountain Ijodgo,
��� V.U.l .     j*0,   34i  meBts evei.-
Monday evening at 8 o'clock.    Visiting
brethern cordially welcomed.
H. 6. Paiinos, Secy.
OCR TOWS.
Golden, on the main line of llie Cr.irriilirin
I'ni'ilif I'.'iilivjiy. nt its connection with the
.steamboat navigation of tho Columbia river :
the mineral ..ml I'oiiiiiieiTinlt'ontre'ot'���astern
liritisli Columbia* lieiidt'iinrters of lli'l.olil-
oii Smelting works, tho Upper Columbia
Navigation Co., Mul lumlier i'liluslry; the
outlet for Hie wiilely known nnd far
tinned agricultural nml grazing land of the
Coluinliia A Kooteiiny Valleys: unrivalled
fnr scenery nf nil kinds: the distributing
point for the richest mineral country on the
r'outiiieiit.
that several more will follow before
long. We would remind the bicycle
fiends however that tin.* sidewalks
weren't built for bicycle riding.
Tho entertainment In aid. of the
Church of England iu the Alexander
Hall last evening, consisted of two
plays entitleo, ���' If 1 had 1000a Year,'1
and " Sarnh's Young Man." The entertainment concluded with a dance,
particulars will be given next week.
The members of Rocky Mountain
Lodge No. -*4, I.O.O.F., attended the
Presbyterian Church in a body last
Sunday morning;, w.hen the Rev. T. S.
Gliiseford preached an appropriate sermon setting forth the principles of the
order, the congregation wns large and
appreciative. During ihe taking up
of the collection a trio, "Shall We
Meet in Heaven," was rendeied* in
good tasto by the Misses Woodley and
Mr. J. Woods.
Presbyterian Hrrvlcr.
Service will be held to-morrow
morning in the school house ut 10
o'clock, conducted by Rev. T. S.
Glnssford.
dames Griffith and Kimpton were exceptionally good in their respective
parts Of' Jdlia and Mrs. Paddington
Green, their clever acting, several
times, receiving much applause Irom
the audience.
After the farces weie over the hall
was  cleared  and  dancing was commenced and kept up to an early hou
in the morning.
Stumtk.
with choice Wines. Liquors and Cigars.
'<'������-" '...��~--S_i
Wm. JWefieish, - Prop.
Upper Columbia ^SX Co.
After 30th April, Steamers will leave Golden
EVERY TUESDAY at 7 A. H.
leaves Tuesday 7 a.m.
. Thursday.
TIME   TABLE.
GOING SOUTH.
Steamer���Golden to Adela.
Tramway���Adela to Interlaken
Steamer���rnterlaken to Canal Flat        . "
Stage-Canal Flat to Fort Steele arrives Saturday noon.
GOING NORTH.
Stage-Fort Steele to Canal Flat leaves Tuesday noon.
Steamer*���Canal Flat to Interlaken . . Thursday
Tramway���Interlaken to Adela      ... **    *
Steamer���Adela to Golden   .   . arrives Friday 18 o'clock.
PASSENGER   RATES.
Through .$12.00.    Local alioiit 5 cents per mile.
Meals 50 cents.   Berths in cabin TiOcts., in stateroom  1.00.
EXPRESS
Through rate 5 cents per jiound.
When the Company's liability is limited to Two Dollars por pound.
FREIGHT.
Golden to Fort Steele A 3.00;  B2.50;   C2.00; D 1.50.
���  Canal Flat A 1.75; B 1.60 ;   C 1.40; 1)1.20.
R*te A includes Class 1 and 2 Canadian Freight Classification.
.. B      ..         ..   3 and 4        "           "
it   c      "         "   6 and II        "           " "
it  j-      it ii   7 an-i i*        ii it >.
Rate C and D will only apply to shipments of 10,000 lbs or mora at one time.
Freight will be delivered as far south ns navigation will permit, and
will be charged for according to distance transported.
T. B. H. COCHRANE, President;       F. P. ARMSTRONG, Manager.
LOCAL JOTTINGS.
Nurse Simpson returned on Wednesday from Banff.
Mr: J. F. Nnttress returned on Sim-
lay to Calgary.
K. N. Murphy left on Monday for
West Kootenay.
Mr. S. S. Fowler arrived on No. 1
from the east, Monday last.
W., nnd J. Tnit. and W. Hamilton
returned on Wednesday from Fort
Steele
.Mr. C. Low, of Winnipeg, brother
of Mr. H. G. Low, was n visitor this
week.
Messrs G. Sutherland, J. Henderson
md H. C. Pollock left on Tuesday for
Aiimloops.
Mr. C. E. Hamilton's dwelling
house is Hearing completion, he will
shortly tnku possession,
Work on the nice truck is going
ahead mpidly, it will tako some little
time however to put it in shape.
Tlie Government are making some
repairs on the Smelter bridge, rendering it mul-P secure, and fixing the
approaches thereto.
Mrs. Lang, i.ud the Misses Lung,
mother slid sisters of our fellow townsman Mr, F. C. Lung, arrived on No.
1, Monday, from Lindsay, Out.
From now on Mr. Manuel Dainard
Will charge for hire of saddle horses-
first hour tl, each additional hour
i'iO cont*. Special arrangements can
bo mado by tho day.
Thu regular open meeting of tlio Y.
I'.S.C.K. was held on Friday evening
of Inst week. A good musical and
lltorary programme was gono thropyh
ulid a pleasant uveuiug was aftoafHty
all.        ��� ��� ' ' '.     '    y
E. J. Cam, of Vernon,, who paid the
town a visit u short timo ago, has decided to open up a'fruit, confectionery,
and bookstore, etc. He has secured
the premises recontlv occupied by
.Messrs. Prntt A Shiels, aud. will
shortly open out.
Tho bicycle craze has struck tho
town, two machines have boon import*
cd this week, aud it is iihnost cuituiu
A Wedding ut Donald.
A large crowd ,pf friends and
acquaintances gathered at the Episco
pul Church, on Thursday afternoon.
April 18th, to witness the solemnization of matrimony between Mr! Simon
Flaser, the popnlnr leading hand in
the C.P.R. shops and Miss Flora
Woodhouse, of Vancouver. Their
reception in the evening' was largely
attended and a most enjoyable time
was spent by all present. Mr. and
Mrs. Fraser were the recipients of
many valuable and useful presents,
including a fine cabinet sewing mu
chine and clock, given them by his
fellow workmen.
Bloodshed In Formosa.
London, April 29. ���The Times has
this dispatch from its correspondent in
Hong Kong: Serious outbreaks have
occurred throughout Formosa. H.M.
S. Leander has gone to Takau and
German sailors have been landed at
Tainsui from the Irene to protect
foreigners. The Chinese soldiers killed their general on April 22. The
governor's body guard attacked them
killing thirty und wounding fifty.
The governor is accused of stealing
the soldiers' pay, which is two months
in an ears. The Chinese artillery
threaten to fire on any vessels leaving
Formosa with treasure. The position
of the foreigners is critical, Happily
the French cruisers Alger and lsly,
the German cruiser Irene, und the
British warships Tweed, Redbreast
snd Leander are at different ports of
tbe island. The savages from the interior are descending from the hills for
the purpose of  attacking the natives.
Ai-iuteui' I IiiitlrliiiU tit Donnltl.
The entertainment given in Firemen's Hall on Wednesday evening,
May 1st, by the Donald Amateur Dramatic Cp. may safely be pronounced
to be one of the most successful, both
financially and otherwise, ever given
in the town, and great credit is due to
the ladies and gentlemen of the oast
for the admirable way in which they
played their res|>ective parts.  .
In ''Sarah's Young Man," Mr. Freeman-Lake took the part of Mr. Mogg-
ridge, and Mr. J. J. Miller us Harry
Fielding wns in good form. Sam
Slowleuf (Surah's Young Man) was
acted to perfection by Mr. Shand Ruttan who kept the house in roars oi
laughter throughout the whole play.
Mrs. Moggrldge was taken by Mrs.
McKay, and credit must be given her
for the natural way she acted her
part us a Sympathetic Mamma, while
Ai'umintn wns cleverly sustained by
Mrs. Griffith. Mrs. Nellis ns Sarah
�����'os particularly good, her acting several times calling loud applause from
tho iiiiili.'iice.
Between the acts Mcsiluiiies Penzer
and lleusley rendered instrumental
music, Mr. Sellur sang nud Mr. Freeman-Lake gave a short character
sketch.
Tlie curtain rose on "If I had a
Thousand n Yeur." at llriJO o'clock.
Mr. Freeman-Lake as Paddington
Greene excelled himself, the continued
ripple of applause that came from the
audience being good proof of the clever
way he sustained his part. Mr. J. J.
Miller played Percy' Chappington
splendidly, and Mr. Paul Chesterton
was well acted by A. W. Sellar.    Mes*
,*ttr.' .
t
TABLE
Showing   the Dates   and   Place, of
Courts of Asslxe, Ml.l Prim, Oyer
and Terminer, and ueneral tiuol
Delivery for tbe Tear 1805.
Si'iiiNO Assizes.
Nanaimo Tuesday ... 7th May-
New Westminster.Tuesday.. 14th May
Vancouver. Tuesday ..21st May
Clinton  Monday.. 27th May
Victoria Tuesday.. 28th May
Kamloops Monday.. ilrd June.
Vernon Monday .. 10th Juint
*Donald Friday... 14th Juno
���Nelson Wednesday lilth June
'Special Assize.
NOTICE.
A SITTING of the County Court
will ho held ou Monday the 20th dav'
of May, WJ5, at 10 o'clock a.m., ut
the Court House, Donald; and at the
Court House, Fort Steele, Saturday
25th May, 1895, at 10 o'clock a.m.
Ily order,
S. REDGRAVE,
Registrar.
Donald, B.C.,
April ..3rd, 1895.
Wong Ping
LAUNDRY ft BAKERY.
Fresh Bread Always
Cn Hand.
3 Leaves for 25cts. ���Kite Hjoltictt t&va
' The GOLDES EUA is published every
Saturday morning in time to catch the east
and west mail trains, also the mail for the
upper country, Windermere, Fort Steele etc
It is the only advertising medium in the -eat
Kootenay district.
Subscription Rams :
A-VAN'tlB.
$2.00 per annum IN
Advertisement* and changes must b* in
the oflico not later than l'J a m, on Thursday
to inslire insertion.
Advertisement rates mad* known on appli-
eatior '.o
All cash to be paid tn the Manager, from
whom the Company's receipt will be obtained.
Tbe Ufa En Publishing Coipi.|,
SATURDAY, MAY 4,   1896.
FOIsT  STEELE    Ml HI SO   DIVISION.
BAST KOOTENAY DISTRICT, 11.U.
There isa mineral belt carrying cop*
per and gold, which can be traced
through the country, for quite a long
distance, beginning close to where Elk
river leaves the Rocky Mountains and
enters the Kootenay; the outcrop follows along the face of the mountains
on the east sideol the valley. Quite a
number of claims have been located on
this belt within the last two years.
The first we come to are about three
miles north from Elk river, a mile from
the proposed Crow's Nest line of the
C.P.R., a well defined ledge about 8
feet in width, assaying from 20 to 30
per cent copper. Continuing northwesterly along the monntain side for a
mile we come to Sand ' Creek, three
claims, 10ft. ledge, 10 per cent copper,
carrying silver and gold; then 12 miles
to Bull river where there are about
eight or nine claims which shew a
good percentage of copper, and prospect well in gold. Eight miles to
Lost creek, close to the Dibble group
of claims, there is a good shewing of
peacock copper ore; six miles to Wild
Horse where there are quite a number
of good gold quartz locations; Lewis
creek 10 miles, Wasa. 4 miles, where
there are also some claims, making the
distance travelled in a straight line
over fifty miles in a north-westerly
direction from Elk river passing close
to Fort Steele. Of course, considering
that the majority of these claims were
not staked off until within the Inst
two years there has not been much
development work done on them, but
still what has been done goes to shew
that in all probability some of them
will turn out to be valuable properties,
this will be a grand field for further
prospecting during the coming summer, and there is no doubt will engage
the attention of some of the numerous
prospectors who are already on their
way into the country.
Skuv. Fort Steele Mix. Assoc.
FORT STEELE BRIEFLETS.
The entertainment given by the Fort
Steele Jubilee Singers was a great
success, not only on account of attendance but also by the admirable selection of the pieces. The programme
was well arranged and caretnlly carried out. Mr. Barnes opened the entertainment with a neat speech in
which he thanked the ladies for the
musical and literary treat theyhad given
the gentlemen, and stated that the
present one bad been gotten up to repay
the compliment. He acted throughout
the performance as director and discharged his duties in a very creditable
manner. He was ably supported by
H. Broulette, J. Sucksmith, F. Wood,
8. Hodson. Wm. Whits, H. S. Clark,
A. Lee, G. Beaumont, G. Lindsay,
Prof. Olsen presided at the organ and
Professors Farquharson and High-
warden accompanied on the violin.   It
is needless to say that each and all of
those taking part performed their several parts with great taste and pathos
and were frequently applauded. The
entertainment was brought to a close
by singing "God Save the Queen."
Before separating R. L. Galbraith
moved a well deserved vote of thanks
to the peformers, which was neatly
seconded by T. McVittie. We understand it is the intention of the club to
give another performance shortly.
G. Delgardno returned from Tobacco
Plains, he looks well after bis trip.
E. J. Cam, of Vernon," is visiting at
the Fort, he came through from Golden
on a '��� wheel" in three days.
Mr Smith, a railway contractor
from Portland, Oregon, is with us,
with a view of investing in mining
property on Wild Horse Creek. He
made an offer for the Banks A Young
quartz lead. Mr. Smith has large interests near the boundary in the Okan-
agon district, but likes the shewing
here and will invest.
R. O. Jennings is down with his
shaft 140 feet and is now cutting the
side wall to reach bed rock and the
prospects so far are favorable.
H. E. Foster has gone to Cariboo for
a short visit, he intends returning to
the Fort in about six weeks.
R. Meachem came in from Spokane
and says the Moyea trail is now open.
Several prospectors are in from Jen
nings and Kalispell and more on the
way.
The first canoe load ot freight got in
to-day. The men report low water in
the river. Captair Flowers is now-
looked for anv day-with the " Lilly.1'
The services at the R. C. Mission on
Easter were well nttended, both by the
white residents and the Indians. Father
Coccola preached an eloquent sermon
and was attentively listened to by a
large congregation.
On Easter Sunday evening services
were conducted in the public school by
R. L. Galbraith, the attendance was
very large and the singing excellent,
Miss Bailey presided at the organ.
The room was nicely decorated with
mottoes and scripture texts. Those
taking part in the decorations were
Miss Bailey. Miss Galbraith, T. Mc-
Vit'ie, C. Edwards, and a number of
others. Mr. Galbraith's discourse was
on the " Resurrection."
Gardening seems to be the order of
the day. Every one at the Fort is
busy.
The bridge is getting along nicely,
one of the Howe trusses is in place and
a second will shortly be up.
The St. Mary's bridges moves
slowly.
We notice the arrival of Mrs. Maclean at the Fort. Mrs. Maclean is a
great church worker and was the rece-
pient of an address from the St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Victoria,
before leaving to take up her residence
at Fort Steele.
The fur catch haa been unusually
large and the prices obtained good.
A Chinaman .met with a painful
accident at Wild Horse creek, he fell
from a flume he was repairing and
hurt himself very badly.
Thomas Frizzell, Fred Hasen, and
Joe Strong have gone to Bonner's
Ferry for a short visit.
G. Delgardno, since he became a
hero, sings:
Take her up gently,
Handle her with care,
I am bound for Fort Steele
With the maiden so fair.
Dell is a general favorite at the Fort
with the fair sex.
Chas. Levett hss taken over the
stable from Sam licGee and will run
it himself in connection with his hotel.
The North Star mine will be worked
this summer, this is good news for
Fort Steele as it will give a number of
miners employment
William French, and R. L. Galbraith, have gone to West Kootenay.
The Hon. Provincial Secretary is
looked for about the 12th May.
The Rasl* or Character llulltlln*-.
It is undeniable that there is some
confusion in the popular mind respecting truth telling and lying, arising
from a failure to understand the essential elements of truth and falsehood.
So far as the individual himself alone
is concerned, he may make a false
statement without lying, or he may
make a true statement and yet lie in
doing so. Tbe question is one ol sincerity in the case of one and an intent
to deceive in the other. All the sophistry about lies, and especially white
lies, disappears when tested by the
purpose or intent of those uttering
them. When a sincere man tells that
which he believes to be true, he has
not uttered a lie, though the statement
itself may be false. On the other hand
the hypocrite who, keeping within the
bounds of truth, insinuates a falsehood, or by suppressing a part of the
truth conveys a false impression and
does so with the intent to deceive is nn
absolute liar, more despicable even
than those who lie outright with no
pretense of adhesion to the truth. The
distinction should be clearly impressed
on children lest they should mistake
the form for the substance. Sincsrity,
honesty, frankness-these ere the
elements of truth telling; deceit is the
essential element of lying. Tlie harsh
measures sometimes used against children to punish them for slight offences
are very often responsible for the development of a habit of lying. The
child becomes afraid to acknowledge
his offences, finding it much easier to
plav the hypocrite and thus win favors
than to brave disclosure and a whipping. It is a great mistake to break
down a young person's frankness and
sincerity by harsh treatment, for their
are no qualities which better deserve
cultivation. With them, he will be
naturally a truth-teller. Without
them, he may pay respect to the outward forms of truth ss a matter of
policy, but will d*i violence to it
whenever it inay serve his purpose to
do so. It is an impressive lesson to
the young sometimes to point out two
opposito characters in a community ���
one respected and trusted, the other
feared and distrusted���and then get
them to find out for themselves the
difference between the two men. If
they are at all discerning they will
soon see that one is frank, sincere,
honest, and that the other is trickey,
false in word and deed, and very often
a hypocrite. The contrast is greater
if the men are in tbe same class of
society, with respect at least to worldly possessions. Whether they are
rich or poor, a wide gulf is drawn
between them���the one hss troops of
friends, the other only wary and suspicious acquaintances. Truth telling
which is sometimes more than strict
adherence to the letters of truth, is so
essential to the formation of good
character that the yonng should be
taught to esteem the qualities from
which it springs, and not merely be
taught by note the sin of lying.���
Exchange.
HALF THE CITY BUG UP
THE PROGRESS MADE IN THE EXCAVATIONS AT, POMPEII.
Highest Honors-World's Pair.
in
BAKING
mm
MOST PERFECT MADE.
A pur* Grip* Creim of Tartar Powder.   Fret
iom Ammonia, Alum or sny other adulterant,
40 YEARS THB STANDARD.
PrefoHor If nun's Description of tlio I'"s-
coT.rl.s So Par Ilatlo la! til* Or.rwl.el���.-
o.l Itoniau City���lllstorj llo*-luntnc ���on**
lleforo tho Christian lira.
The City of Pompeii already existed In
the sixth century, 11. C, as is proved by the
remains of its oldest public building, the
Doric temple. But the date of the first
foundation of the c itv is quite unknown,
says Professor .Mann In the Ijondon Dully
News. It was inhabited by the Oscntis, a
race whose language la imperfectly known
tliruugh some inscriptions. The unmo of
Pompeii is derived from n word belonging
lo this ancient language, the word
"pompe," or "live." Thecity waswresteil
from Its original inhabitants by tlie Sum-
nltes, when they advanced from the mountains to the coast In about the year 4,'0
ll.C. The Osciins nnd Siininttes together,
under tho influence of the neighboring
Greek colonics, developed a civilisation
probably for outstripping that o! the
contemporary Romans. In the venrs
812 11. C. and SIM B. C. the *Snm-
nlto laws led to the subjection of Pompeii by Home. Tliecltywiisdrowninto the
Roman confederacy, during which it pre-
Sirved its independence as to home affairs.
It was only In the year 80 B.C., when the
Saniultes wero conquered by Koine, that
Pompeii l-eciiine entirely Romanized, bci ur
then occupied by .u colony of veterans
under P. Sulla, n nephew of tlio then dictator. The city was presently named Cornelia Veneria I'oni|-einiiorum, after the
family name of the Dictator Stills nut! tlio
goddess of whom ho was a special devotee,
and who then became ns the Voints Pom-
peiaiin, tho tutelary divinity of the city.
At the siune timo a suburb was founded,
probably by tho citizens ulio hnd been
driven out in firvornf the Roman veterans,
which was named 1'ngiis Felix, utter the
byname oi the dictator, mid later, i i honor
of Augustus, P, gns Augustus Fell*; The
descrit ions v 'iich hav- lieen I uind nt
Pnmpt. i thow hub ninny *,ate n!llir,rs existed in pn--lti-.ju.il time-:. There was n
Kombenuion, national ussembly or senate,
tt is not known which; n medix or inedix
tutlx, the chief of the city; a kontssturor
quaestor, who wns pro'iably i itrusted
with the city treasurer; and two ultlili.
-ediles, employed in the making of Mini..
Under tho Romans, after Wl ll.C, there
were the usual decuriones, a-diles und
other public officers, also prle.ts, priestesses, ministers aud magisfrates.
Ponipell wns built on the point of nn ancient stream of lava, running toward tho
sea, close to the tl cn full flowing River
Sarnus. The city wiu the natural southeastern port of the plain through which
the river flowed. The sea was then not
more than 1,1100 feet distant from the city,
the river serving as a harbor. On the
banks of the river stood n small suburb of
the city. From tbo busy port wero exported not only the produce of the country
in the interior, but nlso the products of
the plain itself, namely, wlno and v���go-
tables. The liivn was cut into millstones,
which formed a lar o article of export 11
the second century B.C., but later on this
source of profit ceased tube cultivated,and
millstones were even linpt.ric I into Pom-
pell from abroad. The harbor town grew
more and more wealthy, from the fact that
the Roman aristocracy, attracted hy its
beautiful situation and flue climate.bcgnn
to settle in the environs. Tho inhabitants
of Pompeii at that time numbered probably 30,000.
It will be remembered thnt the volcanic
mountain on the slopes of which Pompeii
stood, reawoke after ages of inactivity in
the year 88 A.IX.when many buildings were
damaged or destroyed. Traces of the
earthquake that happened then lire still to
be seeu in the excavated city. Then, in TO
A.D., came the awful eruption which,
while tba people were still repairing the
damage doue in 63, buried the city ton
depth of more than six feet iu small pumice stones and, some time inter, with n ruin
of ashes to a similar depth. Those pumice
stones and ashes were not red hot, us is
generally believed, ns tlie wood has lieen
found seemingly carbonized, hns only been
thus changed by chemical processes.
Truces of real burning on i he nu -nl paint'
lags nre very easily distinguished from tho
red Uut, which, in r me unexplained way,
sverspreads a great portion of the wall
paintings wlien these bin ����� come in contact
with the ashes. The manner in which
Herculaneum was buried was very different, for there the pumice and ashes do
not lie in regular strata, as in Pompeii,
but are mixed together in a sort of muddy
paste, which, hardened into stone during
the course of time, makes excavation difficult. After the catastrophe the upper
stories In the houses in Pompeii protrude-
above the ashes, showing where tlie elty
lay, Digging on a large scale then took
place, and building material nml valuable
object* were curried away. All the marble, except n very few fragments, wns removed In ancient times. Later on the remaining upper stories ot the houses were
destroyed by time, as Very little ot them
has been found. In 78 A.D. most of the inhabitants escaped. It bos been calculated
that only 2,000 of the 80,000 were killed on
the spot, but how fur tbe fugitives were
able to rim Is not known; the fact is that
many of theiu were overtaken and burled
by the falling ashes at a place on tho
banks ot the Sarno, not far from the city,
for in 1880 aud 1881 many skeletons, together with many valuable objects now
kept in the Naples museum, were found
there.
Though the existence of Pompeii under
the fields that then covered it was disco*'
end as early as 1594, the city has onlv'
regularly excavated since 1748, nnd till tlio
venr 1828 only the public buildings roiiuil
the Forum, the theatre and tli . street, of
the IniuliK Inul beirii llllll open tn rit if. Tlio
present leasouiible nnd scientific niniluof
excavation was begun by Professor l iorelli
tu1801, null continued by Professor Rug-
������ii'i-i. who hns only just resigned his office
lu eorispquenc I of Ills mIthiicciI ,-'ge. At
prest nt nearly the half of the whole city is
excavated llllll the circle of its walls determined. It is probable thnt the still niiex-
cnvitted part will not contain many public
buildings, perhaps �� Jew temples nud
biitlis, but if the present slow rate of excavation bo continued it will take another
fifty or sixty years to lay the whole city
bare.
An Kcl.o rrttni the I'l,*.-
A curious fact in the history of pins is
that wlien they wero first sold there was
such a demand for them that a code wns
passed permit! ing their sale only uu two
days iu the year.
A tl 1st. Sitw from "Poor Ill.ili.trtl."
Franklin said to a servant who wns always lute, but always read;- with an excuse: "I have generally found that the
iniiii who is good at au excuse is good fur
liotli'll_ else." .,
THE   MAGNETIC   GIRL.
ONE   WAY    OF    OVERCOMING   HER
*    STRENGTH.
The stm
rr!'. Witllil
i rni. I''
i t,e ver,
l' icksn. ;
upon whit:
in.'* one   to per-
w-lll be found thai
tws  whit .i   these
Hair rear,'' nt*t.nes
est Ilehlutl II.r nntl rush. Say's Ono Wh.
Claim- to Know���Sho Hu*. Neither Stipe.-
Ilut.ipii Strength Nor Occolt Fow.r, bat
Eh. Iluorrs it Thine or Two.
Thero are many nicks in the repertory
of tlio sn-ciil led electric- or magnetic girl,
ull of whicli seem, nt lirst sight, tf. involve
either the possession c�� supcrhuhi'iti
strength or else some orrcult power. jVs it
nirtUt-r of fact, horvever, thoy involve nei-
ther, says a writer in Cassier's ���[ngazipe.
���j-yst pnrbof tliein is that they are
tlie ability ���
rliii . ir.ore,
mei'iiiiiiical
ear i   sot ill. t
tltiry depend furtheii sucuess,
mid the chief reason why they have ro-
iiniiiii'tl mysterious to, tliosi who have
witnessed them is thnt, tbey luire not tried
i*j repent them themselves upun the first
opportunity nX-nled. I.'t u�� dike the first
trick mentioned, namely, t.iat of lifting it
heavy put-son in the chair. Tell him to sit
down nntl bold tho chair against ail
your efforts. He will plant Iris feet
firmly upon tlie floor, thus throwing
his weight chiefly on his feet instead of on tiio chair, as ho thinks ho is
doing. If you are in doubt of this try it
yourself and you will realize that ib is n,
fact. To move the person all that the girt
has to ih. is to get behind and push. In
the stooping position which she assumes
she will ohtuiu u considerable purchase by
bracing her arms nu her knees, und will
thus have no difficulty in raising the chut.*
slightly. Aa the sitter assumes n new
position so its to 11101*0 successfully resist
this effort on the part, of tbo girl she suddenly relaxes ber push, directing tho chair
off to one side or the other. Before the sitter has recovered himself she has raised
the chair again, and so on; the stronger
he is or tlie more hu opposes or strives to
oppose her t he worse lie ts olf and tlie more
successful she will be. The trick is mora
effective if three men try to hold the elinir
down, because of tholr divided elVni-t nml
tlio tendency, whore more tnnri one is opposing her, for them really lo oppose encli
otlier rather than her. H.ie will be perfectly powerless, however, should even il
single person sit listlessly ill the chair,
with uo thought, of opposition.
While hi Chicago I sow the announcement of an electric girl, who included in
her repertory u new trick, or ut. least one
that I had not. vet seen. A stick about
four feet long nud lis thick im it broomstick was produced nnd I nnd another gentleman were requested to hold tt tu n vertical position before us while grasping it
firmly In both hands. The girt, standing
ill front of us und facing us, pinned tliu
palm of her open hand against the lower
portion of the stick, restln-- lion .be sid -
near it u.   and furtlu it   from   hi -sell.
After rubl .ug her open hand up and
down torn few moments, In oriler "to
make better electric contact," ns we were
informed, nil after enjoining us to hold
the stick perfectly ortlcill, i e wero toll
to pn i di ' n on it is hard i we could.
This .ve did until the veins seemed to
stand out on our foreheads; but, oxer. our
wives ss hard ns we c mid, we two strung
men wero tumble to press down hard
enough to make the stick slip prist the
open palm of ber hand. Had the girl
grasped tho stick with her two hands I am
sure sho could not have withstood my
downward pressure alone. 1 woulil havo
borne her, r.tick and all, to the (I ior. Hut
there she stood, with hu. one open liniid
bearing against the sitle of the stick, and
both of us could not, hy our united efforts,
force the stick past that wonder!ul huud.
Surely there seemed something uncanny
about this. But it is very simply explained.
The whole secret consists in insisting
npon tho men holding the stick iu a vertical position' When the girl's open hand
is first placed nguinsr the lower portion of
the stick sho moves it two or three times
up and down, pulling gradually more nnd
more against it. As tills tends to pull the
stick away from tlie vertical, she insists
that the men kept it straight. Thus cautioned, they will exert, moru and mora effort until, when she feels that the pressure
against her hand is sufficient, she instructs
them to push down with all their might.
They do so, und imagine they are exerting
a tremendous vertical thrust, whereas
their vertical eltort is actually very slight.
���tn. 'ifliclciit even to overcome the frlct' %
r
of the stick nguint her moist liana. 1 no
men are, really, exerting a tremendous
effort, but are deceived as to its direction.
With their bands tightly grasping the
upper end of the stick, thoy are really trying to force the other end of the stick
.uyniiKit the palm of her hand.
Iloa.lleeu's Undiscovered Tomb.
Ruudiceu's lomh still remains undiscovered. Air. Rend, uf the British Museum, has had the trench dug several feet
beyond the centre of the tumulus ou Parliament Hill without having found anything to show for whom that particular
burying mound was raised. So far the
net result of the County Council's quest
lias been a leaden musket ball nnd sume
chips nf china, but both of these are
modern jetsam. There are indication**,
though, that, a portion of the ground was
disturbed about a century ngu.
Fur the rest the soil remains as it was in
the beginning, heaped up���as tliere is no
doubt was the case���tor the purpose of
interring some distinguished pei-snnagu.
It is not. uncommon, it seems, even In undisturbed "burrows" to draw n blank, for
the rain and the slow proooxci of nature
completely destroy all vestiges t..'human
remains that may have been buried in
them. The work, however, is net quite at
nu end at Parliament Hill, for a trench is
lining dug to right and left so as tu thoroughly explore the ground.���Loudon Telegraph.	
National Names.
Gumntrii means the "happy land."
Hayti melius "mountain country."
Peru was named from the river Paro.
The Trunsvual is tliu country beyond the
Vnnl.
Java is the Malav word for "land of nutmegs."
Columbia was thus called in houor of
Columbus.
Bolivia was thus called in honor of
Simon Bolivar.
Moldavia took its name from tho river
Moldau.
Morocco has always been tho "land of
the Moors."
Roiimnnla was originally Romania, a
Unman province.
Arabia was so called from its inhabitants, the Arabs.
Chili is a Peruvian word, signifying
"tlie land of snow."
Mexico is the city of Mexltli, the Mexican gud of wur.
MAKING SERMONS LAST.
���wen-Hedln employed four months on his
tour and met, says the Yossische Zeltung,
with Innumerable dangers and interesting
incidents. He will write a complete monograph on the Mus-tag-ata. During his
journey Dr. Swen-Hedin passed.a monument to Schlagintwert which was much
damaged by a flood.
A titmice to Whack Up.
A curious advertisement appeared in
some of the morning papers the other dny
to the effect that a one-legged man would
hear something to his advantage by applying at a certain address. Though uut one-
legged myself, I called there and found
the advertiser to be a Grand Army man
who had lust ll leg at Autietam. Questioned us tu why he had inserted thu nd
vertisement which attracted my attention,
iie nave this explanation!
"My idea," lie said, "is to find n ninu
who has lost bis leg, Yuu notice that iny
right is xono. Now I pay $8 a pair for my
shoes, audi wear nliout fl**o pair a.vein-.
That makes C40, And besides that I wear
agouti many socks which also count up
considerably,
"Vuil can readily see thnt if I can find a
man wliu has lust the otlier leg and wears
the srime size shoe that I du, we can whack
up, and by buying our shoes together wo
wuuld make considerable."���Haberdasher.
Hypnotism for tho llimf.
Principal Currier, of tlie New Vork Institution, hint ��t-!trtleil the scientific wurld
by his theury that hypnotism may, iu certain cases, be successfully applied with a
view of giving hearing to the deaf. The
average individual knutvs littlo or nuthing
concerning the "eerie science," ns some
writers term it, but scientific and medical
men have shown k to lie uf value iu mental
diseases, and, we lielieve, in surgery.
It would be folly tu say that ii is certainly going to pruve efficacious in removing
deafness; s.ill the theory advanced unit
the arguments used are plausible enough
to jusi ity experiment. All the great inventions that are now being of su much
service It) mankind were ridiculed and denounced ut the beginning, mid Principal
C'lirrier will be exceptionally lucky if his
theory is nut maltreated and abused by un ���
believers. Kcults will show whether his
position Is tenable or otherwise.���Deu!-
M.iito's Journal.
A 11....'. Mlsplit.r.i.l folltouesN.
Not long ago Ktlinuiid Russell dawned
upun a certain Western city, nntl the
Blanks gave a large reception. Among tlie
plans for the entertainment of the guests
was a scene from "Macbeth," rendered by
a young winunn of local elocutionary fume.
'The head of the family was nut informed
of this special part of the programme. At
the proper moment lhe young woman
personating Lady Macbeth a|>pearitl at the
cud of t'leilriiwing-room,dressed iu a trailing rolie of while aud Is-nring a light. She
moved slowly ft rwiird.iind expectanthush
lulling upon tlio assemblage. The bust
looked up, saw and wholly misunderstood.
lie hesitated only a moment, then husten-
iiil! forward with ho.pituhle zeal:
"Why, Miss Smith, guisl evening: I'm
very glad to see yuu. May I relieve you of
your cimdlol"���Philadelphia Times.
11 hut ���x|..r!ttnee Tei.t-ltt'..
Even tlie people who despise flattery
can't always identify it when It is worked
upou themselves.���Snmervillc Journal.
Until the skating season shall hare
clus.tl ii man's bumps hare nothing to do
with phrenology.���Cleveland Plain Dealer.
When a politician spends much time
explaining how it happened it is rather
safe to guess thut it didn't hu-'peu his v. uy.
���Washington Post.
��xx&ixxe#a ��aviis.
Hon. J, A. Lougiieed, Q,C.
G. S. McCaiiter.
Loagheed A McCarter,
Barristers, Advocates, Solicitors, Notarien
Etc., Etc.
Solicitors for Hank of Montreal.
Caloakv, - N.W.T.
I
Thero  Aro  Trlelta In  All  Tisiles,   IlTon
Thr.*. of 1'roiiehiiijr.
Onco In a while n minister tricks his
congregation into listening tu the same
sermon twice or i.i ire, und there lived in
Chicago nnlil n cuuple of years ngu, snys
the Tribune of that city, n preacher who
had reduced "sermon-lusting" to a regular
system. First, he delivered a tierniun entire; next, lie transposed the minor portions, r.dded a new text, and inserted
several fresh anecdotes; and finally he returned to the original text,, but evolved n
fresh ending i.ud iutrnducu.1 a pneticai
qiuiritiuu nr pussAgo frum some ivcll-
kuowii religious .author. By melius of
these tricks and careful tubulin ion he was
only compelled to write a complete sermon once in three weeks, and even this
labor was softened by tlie "Item-box''
which graceil his study table. Ill this l-ox
lie put any clippings which struck him as
useful, whether verse, story or humorous
skit, and he boasted, when found out, that
It was his practice beforo writing a sermon
to take from the stuck the fragments
which lay nearest the top and co.N,'use tiie
sermon accordingly. As he was caret ul to
preserve u semblance nf deep study, und
in variably allowed three months to elapse
lictweeii two deliveries of tlie same
sermon, ha kept up tho practice
for many years, and might have t.��*"i so
indefinitely but for an accident which
caused his principal vestryman to wait for
him in the room where he hnd carelessly
left his account bouk open on the table,
together wilh tha address he wus about to
remodel,
A near neighbor of his, a man noted for
the fluency ami brilliancy uf his sermons
nud the perfect hurinuny which always
existed between the subject fnr the day
and the music rendered by the choir,
played n trick upon his people week nftcr
Week for a number of years and was never
discovered. He, tuo, was lazy nnd disinclined tu mental labor, nnd wheu, in the
middle uf the week, the choir director
wuuld ask fur the subject of the following
Sunday he would invariably answer that
lie had not decided. At the recent rehearsal the same thing would occur, and at last,
the poos, distressed lender fell into lhe
habit of himself choosing tbo subject and
arranging his part uf the service In accordance. Just befoiv the opening hymn
ho would send the pastor a slip uf paper
containing the text lie was exponted lo
preach from, iiltd so satisfactory did thi.
method prove that it was continued as
long as tire choirmaster remained with thu
church. Whether lie patented this little
schema Is not known, hut when reference
Is made tu It lie shakes his head w isclyantl
indulges In a cunning wink.
Th. Father nf Ivy.Mountain*.
Tho ascent has been made liy Dr. Swon-
Heilin uf the Mus-tag-ata, the highest.
mountain In lliu chain of the Kiirnkorlin,
In Central Asia. Dr. Siven Heilin attempted the first ascent last April, hut met with
seven: snowstorms nt the height of more
than 17,000 feet, nnd being afflicted with
acute inflammation of the eyes was ohlig- *-_,-��-, *am*k *m-*k O-i^j _����_,
el to return to Kaschgar. Ou June 21 ho -^Wll Wlttt High PllCeS FOf
started again, and after a march of elgh- Jw6CtFlC Belts.
teen days he reached the Mus-tag-ata, call- 91.55.92.65, $3.70; former prices $5, $7.
ed the "Father uf Icy Mountains," and 910. Quulty remains the same���10 dit-
with the help of the natives succeeded in ferent styles; dry battery and acid belts
making, an ascent four times, but never ���mild or strong current Less than half
, reached thu actual summit (more than tho price of any other company und moro
28,000 feet), but ascended almost to that home testimonials than all tho rest to-
polut, and mado a rich booty of scientific gBtheri Full -|Bt fre0i Mention t*���3
observations, making maps, taking photo-1 pa.,cr *j- T BA*r-*-. & co w j q j
graphs, sketches if glaciers,   etc,    Dr.   * * ~ uw"*"w '
��.   J.   .IIjPIIWOX.
D.L.S. A P.Ij.S. for Il.r*. DOMINION A
PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR
Draughtsman, Vsluiitor.etc, CALGARY,
N.W.I.  Correspondence Solicited.
R.J.JEPHSON, D.L.S.,I'.L.S. of ll.C. -Out.
C'AIjOAKY, Alba.
M-Cars'hy   A    Harvey,
Barristers, Advocates, Notaries, &c.   Solicitors fur i���
The linporii'l Hunk of Canada,
l lie tumiidii PoriiiHtmtt Loan k Savings Co
i lie -l orltshiro Uim k Soiiliritiest'ori*oratlon
lhe Miissey-ll'irrii, Co. (Ltd).etc., etc.
Utflcos-Steplieu jVvouue, Calgary.
P. McCarthy, q.V.
IIOH.AU- HARVEY, II.A. L.L.II.
LESLIE C. HILL,
Assoc. Mum. Inst. C.E.
ML\!X��   EXUIXEKIt,
Coomiane, Aliia.-Ft. Sri-i-iiE, B.C.
A;   LEOFRED-
(Ur'iilunte of Laval and McGill.)
u   ?-l?IJf0   KNMIXJ3_r.il.
Head Ofhce, Queued; Branch Offices
SilEHIHIOOKE, & 17 Place d'Arines
Hill. MONTItBAIj.
MINES, & MINERAL PRODUCTS.
Samuel S. Fowler, E.M.,
MEM. AM. INS. M.E.
HUVIN-lw J'j\M--VJ-rit.
Properties reported upon.    Estimates nnd
plans lur i,ll luotiillui'glc.il plants.
P. 0. Box 1,    -    Golden, B.C.
IM..UEL DAINARD.
Livery tt Feod Stables,
Saddle Horses for Hire.
����L1>I3*V.       ���       JI.C.
One 1't.liitablr Sllitilull lll.lt.
There is n Siberian dish called "pill
man," that makes good eating in Cumuli!
on a cold tlay, and can lie made to utilize
scraps of cold meat, though the Russian
dish culls fur fresh meat. Chop quite line
about a pound of cold meat���steak, it you
use fresli meat; put with ic one small
onion aud season well; then add a cup of
rich gravy. If tho meat is fresh, cook fur
a few moments in tlie gravy, for the Canadian palate likes well cooketl meats. If
the meat has been cooked, simply heat it
tliruugh ami set aside to cool while you
make the paste. Heat up one egg; then
add it to a pound uf Hour, salted slightly,
and work into a stiff, tough dough, with
as Utile water or milk as possible. Roll
the dough very thin and cut out round
pieces, in the center of whicli put two
tiililespoonfuls of meiit. Gather the edges
up and pinch together, as fur apple dumplings then put tlii-m iu a kettle of boiling
soup stock. As soon ns they come to tlio
surface of the stock they aro sufficiently
cooked. Serve them with a gravy broth
male uf incite- butter, with n dash of
vinegar iu it, or with a boat ot the broth
iu which the.; were boiled.
All Original -i.et.ir.
Professor Zakhiiriu, one of tho most
celebrated duetors iu Russia, who was in
ul tendance un the C7.nr, is an original
character, whose feats of eccentricity have
lidded to his fame. When tlie state of the
Emperor bociihie alarming, tho Governor
of Moscow received from St. Petersburgii
telegram ordering him to send Dr. -ilk
hariu without delay. The Governor dispatched his aide-de-camp to him. "In two
hours," said the officer, "tho express train
will start."   "T .ic express!   What do*
HULL BROS ��� CO..
WholcMnlc and Itctail *
3 U TC H E RS.
Cattle, Sheep and
Horse Dealers.
GOLDEN,  B. C.
J. SMART & CO.
Undertakers and
���  .  Embalmers,
j     Calgary Alba
i     I.TEECIIIAI'll    OIIIIEIIS   I'llOMl'Tl.Y
I ATTENDED   TO.
"It I* worth the price to every penon
jno even md* a MW.pap*r."-D_rll_ito_
IBS JOCIIKAL HBKRS IO
Blue Pencil Rules.
BT
JX. Or. _*T_DVI_*TS.
A Pocket Primer for th* us* of Reporter*,
Oomapondenl* and Copy Chopper-
Short, ���Impl* ud practical rule* for
making and editing newspaper copy,
and of equal vale* to all wbo wish to
write correct English.
Sent on r��rslot of price. Price. 10 cent*
per oopy.   ALLAN TORMAK, Publ__��*
117 Naaaan 8tr**t, N.w York.
Golden Hospital Soviet*'.
III.LUS  |.'uit  ,'iiNSI I.TATIOS.
Sunday
From 0:80 a.m. to II a.m.
"      2  p.m. '���  4 p.m.
"      7     "   "  ��   "
from   10 a.ul. to  IH in., and
from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
VISITIMI IIOIIIS.
daily,
From 2:.')0 p.m. to 8 p.tn
except Monday and Saturday.
llr Oui*--.
Store CO*���KB r
avo bean of-
[-e.UPT-.R- ������-,,--���:
'-' IB-" P.rfoclM.otow.aror.thaobyallot-
���ljf'*| tlrti.rsr..lbl*rS 'ihoyieUlnlar*.
Si r VV -upturn und.r *.*-.*... .train. A ef
(S-SS   t.n.ofllttin*ha.bmni*erft*o_-ltlio
SSreSl ia.tsey.a���.miiy��i'i��i'<>^n-->".1
��� },  I .-nimiiititioQ �������_���_��������������'*;^i_i.'j.
I Ift'ra^DEFORWIITW
<'tl��Rtsa��'i.rTnr,     ^rrnjP.-il
U.j���--- '"-*" iwrs-fr^B-Ml-i
THE GOLDEN
Mining I Smelting
CO, (Limited)
PURCHASERS + OF + ALL + CLASSES + OF
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For full particulars apply to
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H. Connacher, Proprietor.
Newly refitted and furnished. Strictlv FIRST
CLASS in every respect. Sample Rooms for
Commercial men. Fire-proof safe for convenience
of guests. Headquarters for mining men and
miners. Convenient to Station and Steamboat
Landing. Direct importer and wholesale and
retail dealer in Wines, Liquors, and Cigars.
Special attention given to orders from up tho
Columbia River.
HARRY   CONNACHER,
GOLDEN,        -       B.C.
G0MMERE1J.L :-:   PRINTING
Job    Departmerit
_:o-- OF -:o:���
The GOLDEN Er?A
btfENXs
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MONSOON
TK
IN TH* WORIS
���ir*-1oi-�� In Ut. patent Utt-ni
tlon.mlctlrcnnlld.ntlal.   AR
formation coooenilrj* I'alrni.	
tain ths- ��tnt free. Also ��� catalogue of
IIS.      *  " -* *
toob-
Ical and KiniUS. book, not f re*.
P��.nia laaen throuBh Mann A Co. reortr.
.pwt.1 notlclDUl* Krlrminc A-rrlr.o. _.d
IE!*-!? tnwjn.twlil.ly before tbe public with-
ait com to tb. tosntor, TM. -ulendld neper,
(���SSlWMWy. etetuOt lll��stratod. ba.br farthe
lahmt fiiyulatloa of *-y scteutlOc work In th.
���"ltll)t..*'lJJ-!*1'*  IniF -��PlMMntf*n.
Building Kdltltia^mtnthty,��Tso.ye��r. 8ln��le
-ropl��'J3t*Mt*_Tt3rr number conulr- bwo-
^ffrzg^oiThoi-oWriX*.
rSOM THC TM PLANT TO THt TCS CUP
IW IT�� WSTIVC PUWITV.
" Momoon" Tni. put up by Ih. Indian Tea
1-r.rwer. ���l ���samp!- of Ih. best qualities of lnt_.it
1'c.s. TlH-n-fi���e ihey tne the *rr���t���.t care in tht,
si'leirtim trf Ih. Tea and it. blend, that h why Ihey
put it up themrMlve. and sell it only in the origir���I
{tcka*rrs. thereby .ecu ring- ila purity and escdlrnre.
rut up in K lb., i Ib. aad 5 lb. pa���_���(���, and n.��*r
sold in bulk.
AU OOOO GROCERS KEEP IT.
If your crocer doe. not keep it, -11 htm to writ, tu
STEEL, HAYTER A CO.
tl nnd 13 Front Cirsst tost, Toronto, -HEAT   OOI.I)    M'tiflETS.
A correspondent of  the Mining nntl
Scientific Press stys tlio largest peer.
of godt. free of quartz, in the world
was taken from tin* Byer & Halt man
gold   mini iii   claim,   Hill   KuJ. Now
Flower. Fritii. tli*. Itlvi.rn.
From tho Kivii-m, there arrive every
morning about BUI packages nf freshly
plucked vlolcat, narcissus, Jonquil��, anemones, ruses and otlier wclciimc messengers from tho sunny South. Must nf the
consignments remain iu Ijonduii,but somo
South Wales. Australia, on May 10, j of thorn proci-ixlioM.iiii'liosii.r, -iviirpool
l!rS7_, its wti;hl being (MO pounds ;!'���"''cvi-n acniss tire. Irish Clinnnel 1,,'f.mr
,.,.,,     ,.   .    , ....    .,,,    ���   huing   opoiiuil.     I'huso  llmvers  preserve
height, 4ft.  II   inches;   width.. .Ut.  <s   tluiir fnrgronco to tho lnsi, u��a aro much
inches ; average thickness, four inches | bsteoniod at a time of year when our own
t .*.    mm.iiii       i,    . ..���   oilman. Is unkind In lloriciiltum.   But
and was  worth   $UH,S0O.     It   **'��81 tWs bn.llnh of our llllpol.t i���uiu umy ,��,���,���
found iuilieilded in u thick wall of blue , day flntl n (ormidablo rival in the Queen's
slate, at a depth of 2f)0  feet from ti.e'. Australian   dominions,  when��� flowers
' ��� havo recently  cume,   with all iho appenr-
surraoe.   The owners of the mine were j ���������, ���f -went culling, onilwrtdcd in solid
living on charity when  tbey [omul it. . blocks of ice.   The limnuiliiito drawback
...    ...to . of the nntipiiilerin produce is thnt lho ico,
The Welcome Stranger nugget was | _,Moh .��� noc(Mg_-, ���<, lttt lftR,ln- ,x.mltv'
foiiml on Mount Moliugol, Foliruary 9,   can hanlly   lw wnni in the luitUin-holo
1869; it we.ghed  190 pounds und was   "'-���������-��� **-��� ���*��� bouquot.-_oudon Tela-
'                                                                 graph.
valueil at "llu.OOO.      It was raffled for ,	
ft���'* OOO ' Curri'ltl*- Cttltl. lo Nm.'lt.tlo.
'      '   .                                ,      , An English Inily set out for Gormnny
'I he Weicomo  nugget,  was round lit <ma visit t*i Home of her relatives.   Khe
Bukery Hill, June !��, 1S5!); it weighed took with her a haiiilsoiiie pi-i-aunt, oon-
,,,.            ,   .,               ,<���                �����   i . sisting.if a r-ilver ir.'ii, i.v wny nf .'.litiwing
11-4 pounds !) ounces lfi penny weights, ,)or ,,�����, t!(),,,,H1���lt.,,, f/ion(lBJ ��� ���.,,,���������,���*
and was worth {41,1151.     It was raf-   of Hriiish artistic skill.   When tho pros-
lied for SiiO 0C0 ' '""' Wlls unpnrkod ami inirafully examined
'   '      ' there was found stamped in a corner tlie
1 he Ladv Hothnninnggct wn. found   following li'v-nil: "Matin lu Germany."
in New South Wales, Canadian dully,
September 8. 1H"4; it weighed 98
pounds 10 ounces 12 pennyweights,
nud was sold for s}:!'>,5."i7.
The Union Jack nugget was found
February 28, 18f>7; it weighed 21
pounds 5 ounces, and wus sold for
$l->fi00.
The Leg of Mutton nugget was
found at Balbirui, January 111, I8."i'!,
at a depth of 05 feet; it weighed llil
pomids 11 on net's, ami was sold nt the
bank for $'>2.;'80. This nugget wus
shaped like a leg of mutton, hence its
name.
No name nugget was found at
Bakery Hill, Bullarat, March <i, 1855,
near the surface; it weighed 41 pounds
7 ounces, uud was sold for ��11,420.
No name nugget wns found iu Cann-
diati Gitllv. Bullarat, January 22, 185;!
near the surface ; it weighed 84 pounds
il ounces 15 penny weights, and wns
sold for 1-0,2-15,
The Koitiiioor nugget was found at
Bullarat, July 27, I860, at a depth i f
HiO feet; it weighed 69 pounds nn 1
was sold for $16,686.
The Sir Dominie Duly n igget was
found February 27. 1862; it weighed
26 pounds, and was cold for $6,240.
No inline nugut't was found at Bulla'.it, February 28. U-Jou; it weighed
;>(i pounds 11 ounces 2 pennyweights,
and was sold for $7,1195.
No name nugget was found August
1, 1879; it weijjhml 12 pouuds aud
wus worth $2,270.
No name nugget was found ut Bullarat, February Sis 185.1; it weighed
ill) pounds and was sold for $7, .160.
No uruno nugget was found in Canadian (Sully, January 20, 1851 ; it
weighed 03 pounds 1 nunc.' 11 pennyweights, umi was sold for $22.350.
No name nugget was fonuil at Bakery Hill, March 6. 1855; i: weighed
40 pounds, and was worth $9,61,0.
The Nil Dt'Hperatidnm nugget was
found November 29, 1859; it weighed
45 pounds, and was sold Ior $10,800.
The Oats & Del-ton nugget wus found
at Donolly gold field in 1880, at the
roots of a tree; it weighed 189 pounds
and was sold for $.'-0,QUO.
���Unaero GtMulsulinift.
Worthy ,.r the Soil.
A few Puii'''.:- agi. ii ileraryninn in Ireland intuit* tho  fnl having aiiiitiuneeiiient:
"Next Sunday, in this chnrch,   Kev. Mr.
 will nui.itiiico lho errors uf Home for
thoso of Protesliintisin."
George Frederick Watts, one of the most
distinguished uf living Kuglisli palmers,
..ni tiiip.irciiitiuu ii tint iiitiiv .-it u very
��� arly age. He was only 17 when the i'.uyul
Aciitiumy atcepi.il one.ii Itis picuti-trs.
Chirk Uuss.ii, the ..liter ut lue :,ch, spent
most of Itis youth in a seiifarinu, life, wliich
iiticotiuls for his knowledge of all matters
uiurilime and shows that he writes itliuut
lhat wilh which he is thoroughly acquainted.   	
SCIENTIFIC SCRAPS.
The science oi geometry Is ascribed to the
Kgyptinns.
'1 he astronomers discovered 29 new planets UUi'ilig lue lust year.
A well kiiuwiigeulugist has computed the
enrib's age un the Uisis of experiments
made tin the eilt-et uf Iteatuii.l pressnreon
ctriaitilocks. lit* euiiiil'.tie. that Uiui-urUi'*
ate usii I'laiiel is ���M.IU'.I.W years,
Viiinns lias tonr littlenii-oiis���Ariel,Urn-
liviel. Tilaiiin ui'id Obcron���wbion, funnily
tiiutigh, i'im! ii. ill. nu ih mul set iu the
.-i ut li. A silt' Ir- ilimitiiit ive file, lii'lnu-.-iug
to Neptune, ti*iivei*-es I lie sky from siuiili-
wtsi in nui'imii-t. Neither Mercury uur
Venus has uuy ""I'lUtea.
A Negress Turning White.
Aunt Mnrinli Gnooh, colored, living-
hen-, Is seventy-eight years old, und was
horn and raised near Monroe. She Belonged i.t Joshua Blunts, father of J. M.
Brunts, ox-county clerk. Aunt Marinh is
gniduully tu-ning from hliurh t�� whito.
Her I'liire ami neek nnd part of her cars are
bilitrk, jrirr-i-jilitiga very marked irontrast
In her sim'-'hite sralp anil hair. A
small spirt under tttelt arm and one h.-ind
and jiu'i </f Iio other, with tho faco and
reek, constitute* the i'-tlr.'f'>rtti'.n nChr>r
skin thut remains l>!-.ck. Tho pnilu.blli-
Ilus aro thnt she iv' 1 In time he .'-tumiy
whi'".   n-tr'* ��� *_��� t-ls ������u.r\'ell"*Ts *ilu.tlgu-
Wlli   'l   lit���> It���..a J���     ,' ,-dlt' ll���-. tltVi 'V glMJll
Iii'it .. 'i> tu.) c..e ot nerag-J w:ihj onlin-
arl v Ii .ve. Sue is j.'��!o wt do ht*r own
htu. **u,l, nn. t*-Bs tots* gtRiiI furyeurs
lo cti.no.���U..-.uKlsvl--! i','.y.). Despatch.
Notics to Taxpayers.
Assessment Act and Provincial
Ravenue Tax.
NOTICE is hereby given, in accordance wi'h the Stututtrs, lhat Provincial Revenue Tax and all Taxes
levied under thn Assessment Act are
now due for the year 1895. All of the
above named Taxes collectible within
the EuBtui-u Division of the District oi
Kootenay, are payable at my office,
Court House, Donald. Assessed taxes
are collectible at the following rates,
viz. :
If paid on or before June 30th, 1895,
Provincial Revenue $11.00 per capita.
One-hull  of  onu  per cent  on  Kuul
Property.
Two pi r cent  oil  assessed  value of
Wild Land.
One-third of ono per cent on Personal Properly.
Oiie-huli of one |s:r cent on income.
If paid niter Juiiu oOth, 1895:
Tivo-tliivds ol one per cent on Real
Property.
Two und one-hslf per cent on assess
ed value of Wild Land.
One-hulf ol one per cent on Persoual
Property.
Three-fourths of  one per cent  on
income.
S. REDGRAVE,
jtssessov and Collector.
Donald, B.C., Jan. 14th, 1895.
THE BIG STORE.
Golden Hospital Society.
THE HOSPITAL is now open for I he
admission i.l patients.
TICKETS may be had from th*. nnder-
r-jigiietl or r*��y member of the
committee.
PRICE Ten Dollars per year or Six
Dollars per half yenr.
NO EXTRAS except private wards.
J. F. ASHBTR0NG,
Secretary.
A PERFECT TEA
MOHSOOI
TK
tn THI Ufas-O
njOM THE T-S -jUjgTP TOT TO CW��
1 lir lUUIul  lllutr lij'O. 1
Illne or light-colored eyes .in* popularly
sii|t|*,j.-.-tl  u> most  Cr'.qiieiitly tarry tlu ,
Un.'Cnl lii-iienco, nnd to c-oimteoict this. I
blue l'eiii.s:ire.st*inetimeHivoni.   -Jasesun.'
oiled utnieu able to uvurthrow a ciin-lagc- j
nii'-rulyby luukiug r.t ir, to wither nija, '
lierui Ci'lil. and so on.   It is said thnt I lie
belief in i bo evil eye among Uhrisiinus, |
Jews ami .Mohammedans is BtroUy.'1-cvt-n
than their veUglous lielk-fs.   Tin: -.nmt-uuitH
try to read good and b*d luck frum the '
conn- unit i-.iowth uf a hor.-re'.. Iinir.   Till*!
liuliit. lliey seem to have !*d6 from  the }
lli'tltiiiiu jVralis, but aro not so exiiert lu
in rr�� hstivc wimrv.
"Mar���c-on" Teals ���rt tip bjr Ira- Indian Tt���
(rrowers as a u-trptt- of lhe bo- **M���dot of Indian,
Tns. Tl-t-btrc ihrf -ho lhe -prtat-it on in Ike
selectsD. of the Tea and _s Und. lhat b-akj* Ibe-r
put it nfr UmM���n.. and s���I it only in the or**������I
prurkages Ihcreby st-*tuing-apnrsr/and*���.3d*_ik-
Pitl up in H lh.. t lb. -ul 5 ttt |-rli sy-rs. ���nrl B-tT
soldriii bulk.
ALL QOOO OROOEB- KEEP IT.
If yot*r-ptj���x Ami not tap ���. taS I���ia toluridsto
STEEL, HAYTER A CO.
tt and 13 Front ttrwt Eut, Torontat
Carlin & Iiake,
GENERAL  MERCHANTS.
DRY GOODS,BOOTS & SHOES, GROCERIES,
SHEI.P AND HEAVY HARDWARE,
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, DRUGS,
PATENT MEDICINES, FLOUR, FEED,
GARDEN FLOWER & FIELD SEEDS,
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS,
CLOTHING, GENTS' FURNISHINGS,
MINERS' SUPPLIES, ETC., ETC.
All of which will be sold at Lowest
Possible Prices.
CARLIN & LAKE,
GOLDEN,    -   FIELD,    -   FORT STEELE.
GOLDEN SASH & DOOR FACTORY &
MACHINE SHOP.
Mamifactnrc* of Sash, Doors, Koiildir^pr*
Tamed and Sawn Balusters, Newel Posts, Hand Rails and
Brackets, besides continuing the Machine Shop work.
_ ' the si-ciiH. A chest nut burs*-, tor *t<��.l luck.
In   addition   tollie   nbovt*   nre the] milsl We either Iron, hlim letm oi else the
Huron niiBiset, worth S.0,000, and tbe I near Ug ��-hite.   !f only thu oil 1. ii-*S leg is f
*r> . ... o.-jv. .    white, thut is l��d luck.   Then liy tiro vrrry
E.npres* miu'get, worth 127,861.     A  t|^hlurtfrow��-_.thofetlecU ItUauwireil
great  number of smaller laii-r-jrets, too  whctuui- tliu uivuei* will v.* killod by a i
numerous to mention, have been found. Ui-car..radH��'!er;.iu.i. Itah*irw^m.to
tliu with us feet, that means thnt ihe own- |
Many   luri;o   iiUKnei* w*   biiiiiw ot'(rissouu  tu In buiiud.���AIL thu  Veur |
UuuutU -**
mcyerlicer said tint no man could n-orli
-Tell Kin. did not livu woll. Uo wu* a
hearty entrr.
Swill said: "N'oltread f�� sn hitter as that I
of a dopeudnitt." He spukji trout personal ,
'.'-pei-ieuce. [
IjOt-kesulJ that the projtf-r hreakr-wt for
asti-tliiiiut man wits a. bit of lish uud u
pit*r-r> of bread.
Cowley Ukist fried eel*. He aaid that
when pruned)- axiked tliey were a dish to
set lx.-Ci.-ru u kiuit.
Michael Augwlo, duriny; thr. (rreitter part
of his life, ViwJ ua the plain loud ui au
Italian |���rwiilit.
Hare lieu .Unison asked no better treat
Koll have been found in I'niiloniia
during the era of placer mining* but
Australia must claim tho lurni'st. Tliu
California lumps aro as follciivs*.
A piece of nol.l and ipiairt. was found
in Calaveras County, on Caraoii Hill,
uu the mother lade; it wu* vuliivd ut
M��,000.
The Dowliiovilte Imnri of i)it��i-l-t and
gold, of Seiru County, aa staled hy
Luuis Bin-dint-!, |*isve at viiliie of itvtir-
ly ��90.000; Ixii it wa�� usm a ii/ii.Kti.
The mas-of p>H antt i.i��.]t�� foiiml   than* pork pie, wit-, au abundiuio* of
in llie  Bo-tinxii  mine,  Stinoja, Tuo-   Canary wine.
, ' j-, ,       . Beromlotte, Kapoleo-** mannal,  who
lumne Couuty, nave a. value uf over   ��fterward�� became king ot Sweden, liked
$40,000. boc*<- nud raiiuus.
The Australian statistics are eon-eel,
I having obtained theiu from govern-1
aent authority. Aiwi's.    I
���Walter Scott liked venison better than
any other meat, and potatoes better than
any other vegetable.
Have on hand a lot of Wa~h Bs'-in ar.d lath
Fittingi-
HOUSTON  & CO.
EVERYLADYWHO
-rVikJKT*
UNDERWEAR
and understands what pure wool is and
appreciates exquisite finish buys the
"HEALTH BRAND,"
both for herself or children. These
lods are made in Vests, Drawers,
Ights and Combinations, and are
kept by every first-class dry goods
stora 	
THE MONTREAL SILK MILLS COHPAHY, Ltd*
MONTREAL.

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