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The Grand Forks Miner Dec 12, 1896

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Array pfrHP<S-£TO
THE GRAND FORKS MINER.
FIRST YEAR.-NO   3L
GRAND   FORKS,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  SATURDAY   DECEMBER 12, 1896.
s -m.: >- ■ '■ '■ ■
.\~TZ\ --J~T" '-• ECWPJMKSJUIEIa
W. J. ARMSTRONG & CO.
ANACONDA, B. 0.
Strje, ranges, Stoves, Silverware, Qrauiteware, Crockery.wftre, GliiGsware,
Wondenware, Tinware, Toilet sots
-:?■•
(it»J
hi
Of All Kinds, Cutlery, Ohurns, Sewing maohines, Wringers, Washing ma-
chinos, Window shades, Wagons and Truck"., Purnrce Work, Steam and Pipe
fitting, Iron Pipe and Fittings, Etc.. Etc.
Firstclass Job Shop us   Connection.
n
~T]
rnji
n ■
H
Nr
H
~. i ^
LkJIJ
LJ.1
X
Has ( pened!
BUTCHER SHOP
AncF Solicits a Fair Share of the Public Pe-tronago.
A Full Line of Groceries in Connection.
VICTORIA HOTEL.
Grand Forks, B. C.
The Mammoth Hotel of the Kettle River District,
MRS. A. V. DAVIS, Proprietress.
■NIGHT OLEKE ALWAYS ON HAND,   BATES S1.50 AND $2,00 FJtih BaY
"turn
Is coming and we are prepared with a full line of Dolls,
Skates, Sleds, Alburns,  Toil at Sets, Toy
Bells, Clocks, Brushes, Perfumery,
Toilet Soaps,; Handkechiefs,
and a full line of
Xmas Novelties.
No need to send away lor anything in this line as
We are selling on close margins for cash.
Come early and Secure your Presents
before the assortment is broken.
We are still headquartersjfor Dry Goods
= GROCERIES =
Boots and Shoes and Hardware.
MANLY & AYERILL
Grand Forks, B. C.
Carson Lod<re I. O. 0. F. No. 37.
T rv f> T MEETS EVERY BATUBDA-Y
-L. \Ji \Ji 1 . evening fit 1 o'clock In their
iwilut Canon,]} C. A cordial invitation,extended loan sojourning brethren.
P.B.NELSON, R. 8,
E SPiUGOETT, N, G. D. D. McIiABKN, V. Ci.
»
Church Notice.
PRESBYTERIAN OHURCH—8 rvices every
Babbatta in the church at 11 u. m. aud 7:::o
p, in. Sabbath BOhool LO:30 a. m. At Careon
.viekly :i p. in.    Rev. Tik-auk Paton, Pastor,
11. A. BH8APS
SHEADS & '.f>/i.75,
-AS5AYERS-
GRANC r'ORcb, B. C.
SAIME3CIVEN PROMPT AND CAREFUL ATTENTION
J
K. JOHNSON,
Law and Collecting Agency.
CONVEYANCER, MINERAL CLAIMS BOUCHT
AND SOLD.  NOTARY PUBLIC.
ORAND   FORKS,    -    BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Chas.de BioisOroen OEPLS,,  F.Wollaston P LS
GREEN & WOLLASTON,
Provincial Land Surveyors
Civil Engineers, Etc.
ORAND FORKS, 6. C.
Office 111 VonNwi' Addition with J.H. Feather
■inn assayer.
A  L. MoDONALD";
Contractor and Builder,
GRAND   FORKS,   B.   0.
Plans nail specifications.drawn, grtimatqe fur
uished on all kinds of biiilmnd.   work strictl?
UJ E. STAC UE,
Bath  Rooms,
AND TONSORlAL PARLORS.
RIVERSIDE,      -      •      -       o'llAND FORKS
H. FEATHERSTON, Ii. A. 8. e.
J,
ASSAYEK.
And Mining Engineer.   }iein jr of Quebec liiu
ingSociety.   Mineral Claims Examined
and Reported on.
BRIDGE STR] BT. GRAND PORKS
pRAND b'ORKS HOTEL
(j
Barber Shop
1 Bntrallj l.oonrod,   All Wo K Gaiirantec I td "
FirstrClaSS in every Respect.
PETER A. I PARE, •      PROPRIETOR.
R
IUH UiC THERIEN,
BLACKSMITH,
GRAND FORKS, B, C.
Dow all kinds of   kinds of repairing and
borso shoeing.   All work gau ran teed.
H.
H,  HUPP.
BLACKSMITH.
GREENWOOD CITY, B. <J-
Does all kinda of repairing and horseshoeing
Work strictly HrntclasB,
J.  P
P, McLEOD.
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
ANACONDA,
U. C.
BRIDGE  STREET RESTAURANT
BAKERY AND
- Lunch Counter -
MEALS AT Ail. HOURS.
Hot Cat as 11 ml Coffee 10c
WRIGHT A 1 I ' llfeu.
A.
C. BUTTON.
Barrister at Law,
Notary Public, Etc.
ORAND FOURS,
B.O,
HORBES M. KERBY,
r
Provincial Land Surveyor.
And Civil Engineer.
Ofpicbi Midway, h. c.
Associate  Member Canadian
Society   of Civil  GjigltieerB,
DAILY STAGE
From. Grand Porks to Greenwood ami
return.
Stage Leaves Orand Toxka 5 a- m-
On  Saturdays, Tuesdays  and
Thursdays), and on Monday
Wednesday and Friday
At 7 O'clock a. in.
Makes Careon, Greenwood, Anaconna,
Boundary Pells and Midway.
EMMERT&SPONG,
Proprietors
A QREAT SUCCESS.
Tilt Reception and  Ball in Honor of
Hon. f). W. Higgins a Per ■
rect Success,
Over s.,o Quests Attended, His Honor
Judge Splnks and /"lr. Lambly
Among the Number.
Tuesday evening last (fas a timn long
to be remembered in tho annals of
Grand Forks and vicinity h s tlio moat
pleasant and enjoyable ever spent by
our citb.ena.
On that evening a reception wan held
in honor of the, Hon. D. W. Higgins,
Speaker of tan IIouhb, by tho citizens of
Grand Poi Its and vicinity; and it was a
perfect and satisfying success even down
to tho slightest particulars,
Among the other notxble gentlemen
who were present at the reception wore
Sis Honor, Judge Spinks; and Mr. C.
A. R. Lambly, golj commissioner, for
this district.       1
The affair began with a grand ball
in Man'y's Hall and between, 70 anil 80
oonple were present when, Hon. Mr,
Higgins and Mrs. John A. Manly, led
the grind inarch, followed by Judge
-Ipinkn with Mrs. Chas. Cum.Djiu.gB,
Mr. Lambly with Mrs. A. L. Manly, and
after them ahnoBt ovory one iu the hall.
The muBic was good, tho floor was in
splendid condition and the dancers
thoughly enjoyed thomselves in the
mazes'of thodanoe until 12 o'clock when
supper was announced.
The company then repaired to the
Grand Porks Hotel where a BUmptousre.
pftst was served and done full justice to
'iy tho assembled guests to the numbn r
of about 150.
After the supper tho assemblage was
called to order and tho toasts   began.
The Toasts.
Mr. John A.   Manly, actod aB toast-
master and filled the:poSitiod with1 the
iase   and   finish born  or  experience.
Tho  first toast   wui-    '-Our  Gracious
Qui   .1."   The 'juosts arose and joins .
in singing  "God save the Quesn,"aftor
vhich tho toast was drunk with a rigl ;
.'01,.' will.
iSfexfin ordor cams, "Tha Prssileni
f the United States."  Before this toa?t
the "Star Spangled Banner" was s'ung
M  '. Ethel Gertrude   ) ihlti hen I  vor
d the couipan;- -itha barrjo'solo wbiuti
iliciied    rapturous   applause  and   sii»
|va» forced to respond to an encore.'
'Our Honored Ouesty."
T.i"ii c.iuo tho toast of  tho evening:
"Our   Honored   Ouasts,   Hon,   D.  v.'
Higginsj Speaker of   the  House;   Jli
Honor, Judge  Spicks; and  C.   A,   R,.
Lanibly, the Gold Commissioner."   Tho
^jeo   club struck   up   "For  They  .Vie
■folly Good   Fellows," at the conclusion
if which Hon. Mr. Higginfl was called
upon and said, in part:
"Ladies and Gentlemen of Grand
Porks.—It would ill becomo me as your
■juedt if J declined to speak to you on
the greatness of the resources and mines
of your glorious country, to which the
eyes of tho world have now boon drawn.
(Applause,)
"I desire firet to thank MesdameB
Manly and Oummings, as well as your
citizens aud the assontb;ad guests for
tho splendid manner in which I have
been rocoivod and entertained, I came
hero entirely unprepared for any thing
like thi.i ovation anil must say that
never before in my life have I had lis
pleasant and enjoyable a compliment
paid me.
"Occupying tho position I do, an
Speaker of the House, you will naturally
expect me to tell you something about
the future intentions of the gover'nmen 1
regarding this section. Now f wish to
state most emphatically that 1 do not
represent (ho government, although I
am a support'i-of it, and consequently
can say nothing whatever authoritatively regarding their policy. But thin I
can say: I am'confident that the wants
if thii district wil' have the careful
consideration1 of the gentlemen who
compose tho government, when ever
presented and their attitude toward this
section will be.most' just and equitable
Your future tit bet tire you, It only rusts
with-ywurRelTes to work it out.''
Judge'Spinka was then called upon
and made a most happy speech, scintillating with wit and full of local hits
and talce'-offs on a number of our popular idiosyncrasies.
,,Future Prosperity of Grand Forks."
"Tho Future Prosperity of Grand
Porks" was then proposed and tho toast
was drunk amid groat applause. Mr.
A. C. Sutton was called upon and responded with a fow tollirjg remarks
which merited and received tho full
approval of tho audience.
Hon.. Mr. Higgins was called upon
again and naid that as a supporter of
tho government he had always found
the ministers energetic and zealous in
advancing the interests of new communities, Ho believed that Grand
Forks had a fjreat future, and that future >.v. • -,. j nea . Of course it would
not do to rely too much on tho Government. The people min't do something
for themselves, For instance, thoy
should not waste a niotm.nl in getting
incorporated a? a town. (Applause.) I
Thoy could then control their own revi |
cues and apply thorn towards local improvements. Streets required to be
made and gradoi and sewers and
bridges to be hu:lt. Ho wan t<<ld there
were only four buildings at Grand Forks
i 1 Ap ::. . ■■ lb-'-, wero 200. Tin re
wore nearly 500inhabitants and 60 children of school going ago. Hoconclud ed
with a reference lo tho matchless mine,
ral ami farming resources of the district
an I promised to give tho interests of
Grand Porks his best attention in the
future. There wore some croakers —
there always wore—anl tho poot had
referred t   thum as—
"Poor f 1  dNIi en-■; who vainly sit still
Halehiny eggs ol Borrow,
And bco the fancies of toda}
Become ^reut facts tomorrow."
Four months ago Grand Forks waE a
fancy; today it is a substantial f;jct.
(Oheers and laughter.)
Among tho othor toasts proposed and
■esponded to were: "Tho Ladies,"
"1'ha Press," Johu A. Manly" and ''Mrs
Dahl."
Tho party then broke up, this concluding the most pleasant and successful
affair over given iu Grand Forks.
LOCAL NOTES.
Try Knight's "'; cont meals.
Job work at the'MnrEB office.
Fine lino of sleigh bolls at Macly's
Hardware.
Every body   eats    Frod   Knights '£>
cent meal.
Buy  your wife a   nice hanging   lamp
at Manly's Hardware.
'Tho social   club contemplate giving
mother dance at an earl) date,
E, C. Cowan* ol Spokane r/as a   pasi
Higer on .Monda 'aatagi  from below,
Manly's Hard   are will  have   Chris
mas lamps in a I iW lay.-.
1  ' !   forget    to  try   Fi   I
...:...-,' lunch only -■> cents
iniiih!
An , Peterson of Rossland, is in
town.  He thinks well ofourburg.
Geo. A. Sp'aulding, of Murray, Idaho.
o '..'!. oe 1 may remain si up,, time,
Cij is, v"aiiNobs returned ■... Thursday
from Rossland and will remain t short
time.'
Prospectors report an unusual number of deor up the North Fork this
winter.
A. JeldnoBi, of Spokane, appeared   iu
. idst this week and  will remain a
fow days.
Bobert Neiio, of Spokane was among
yesterdays arrivals. He will remain a
few days,
John Lueg, a resident of Anaconda,
came over the range yesterday on a business trip.
Th 'iirfs Donan, fromLe Fleur Mountain, gave tave us 11 pleasant cail the
other day.
O. A. .1. Lambly, of Osuyoos, came
into town a few days ago ami remained
a short time amongst us.
Mr, Sheringhain has boon awarded
the contract for supplying tho school
with 20 ricks of ISO inch wood.
Louis V. Cuppage, who has been in
til's sect ion for the last few weeks, arrived on Monday last from Midway.
James E, Walker, of Spokane, who has
mining interests on Pass creek, has been
staying in town for tho past few days.
Cooper Bros, have about completed
tho piers and chimneys at Dr. Averili's
new residence  acroSB the North Fork.
Owing to the recent thaw the ico in
tho river is in such a shape that skul-
ingluiBhnd to be postponed indefinitely,
George Voung, one of our rustling
townsmen, is buuejinga dwelling house
of some dimensions at the east of the
town.
R, O, Saddler, of Midway, wan among
the visitors to our town this week,     Ho
was accompanied by Goo. 0. Rose of the
same place.
An interesting budget of news was received from our Greenwood corespondent loo late for publication in this
week's issue.
Jay Lawyer and II, Allenburg, of
Spokane have been in town for tho last
few days posting themselves on tho different camps.
Judge Spinks. left on Wednesday
morning's stage for Victoria, it is the
.judges intention to be at his home iu
Vernon for Christmas.
S. Pi Ralston jr., of llolonu, Mont., is
in town on a business trip. Ho is favorably impressed with our burg and
thinks a good future awaits it.
W. M. Law, of tho Anaconda Mercantile Co., was in town this weok aud reports things prosperous on the other
side of tho mountains.
J. W. Jones has just completed tho
twenty desks for the new school and
they are now in the school room waiting
to bo painted by C. A. Jones.
Jack Coryell, P. L S„ has just como
in from F«bb  creek  were ho nas boon
PRiCE FIVE CENTS.
sngaged foi the past few weeks'on tho
Oovornmeut triangular suney,
Charles Hay has just retuined from a
vii it ; , hia b imi i 1 Portage la Prairie.
He reports .r:al the weather in Manitoba
has been e   sptio ally severe this fall.
A number cf our  enterprising townsmen are putting up ico iu large quanti-
tee,   Ibis   is   a   goo!   npecciat'.-n as
neatl  maimer this commodity will    bo
in gi   it d       nd
A 11 iv. mil ton and Duford, proprietors ol e V ' e House are giving
the inside ai w is the exterior a cost
ol Fri Mb painl ■.: i ' aiHs much to its
cheei ful appeari m 1.
Thi 1 «inl .• it iikolj t" b< D i unusually gaj    ■ I-1   '-.in ' r irks as
numeroni lai as well as 1 ther «n-
tertainm iota are u the tapis r^. lis
posal bi tore thi sj ring
W. !.. White has just returned from
Collvillo, when ho has been a a visit
for the pa-1 !'■ v- days, Hi says that
the winter has beeu bo far verj severe
in flint j art of the country.
Mak. Kuntz, one of Pubs creek's lucky
prospe corn, was in town this week and
says thai h« ocent deep snow has not
in   he lei. t retarded do elo] nei :  vork
on lh«j t:..:o:.' proner'.'oH in .'-si'. 'PCLinn
James Casey of Lambert creek the
owner of the Liig iron property, in 'tha'
district was in town y- sterday and
says ti.-.i thi igs are looking well on the
various properties in hi;  noighl   rh od
Nest Tuesday is the day the license
commissionors for this district nicec at
Midway for the dispatch of business
Quite a numbei of applican s for liquor
licenses will be present   1    he 1 leeting,
Charli s K, Simpson, cur 1 ustling sawmill proprietor, has just returned from
a trip into tbo Curlew district, He reports a great number of properties being developed iu that section this
wiuti 1.
All those reoidents of this town wno
have not been called on to assist in tho
paymeut for the school desks can hold
themselves ,i, readinessfor this coming
weok as the school trustees will pe com
polled to give them all a eall in order to
raise enough funds to meel thi uocos-
sary expenses.
Hoc, D. W. Higgins, Speaker of the
Legistlative Assembly lefl 01 T! ursday
(or Marcus ei route 1 1 his home in Victoria. Doriug his short stay he gained
nisny warm friends and. ,v • hope i 1 have
a renewal oi ti\> visit befo . many
months,
Mr, I ;, om if ' le m era f t. e
K B< 'I pro 161 ty . Su 1 mit c .. ip, 1 :'i on
Mo 11 ay Ini t ful ' • iki i», 1 j was much
pi :■■ I >v; h tho p "-[ ess if tho k
that as ' "1 cai u . no. t:.'is
r :■ '   ■ js1    tew    e .,
.' .' |i .: . ■■ ith • . mi f the dea ■■ n
the 30th    : e    ■ '• of Mrs, Jacob
Truax, motl ei ■ [ 01 ■■ ' Ilo«   11 vi   m in
''rai 1 k
SI:
...d been residin \
at Ei rlj J ." up 1 111 fcim if hci
death.   I!i     emaiu   ha   ■ 1 • en ;akeu to
fti! I'l',,..     .'."i^.-i...... ,or ,,  t"" ,.e:,  ,
Mr, VanTasBel, ivho is intoiestod in
mm plaser mines on a tributary of the
F01 • if J uly jr- -•''., wa 1 in ti ivn yesterday and rep irts thai the voathei
In.. • irded sv irk . : lorably and
thai he and his partners are making
arrangements to lo more work in the
pring.
Joe Gelinas one of our lucky North
Pork prospectors, reports that while
inly about a mi ■ from his camp the
other day, ho came within gunshot of
a couple of tine cariboo. Ii has been tho
general belief that a ril 00 meat was an
oxtn aoly scarce article in this district
bul fro .. Mr, Gelinas' story the species
isnol   nti  ■'., exti ict,
We bilicvi. 111 u pei'so.n being fastidi
iius about '."diat they eat. We are proud
of the epicurian reputation nui city is
building up. But when one of our lo :al
connoisseurs awakens us in the middle
of tho night ny calling out, "Take awaj
that pork chop, it's not done enough!,"
in » voic loud icou h to be beard at
Oarson, w. think it is about unit to
draw the lino, Wo object to having
our slumbers disturbed,
W,.). Sn> der is in trouble. Deep trou
bie. And this is how it all . '., | 11 I
Tho other day he was so foolish as to
work, Worse than that, Ht took off
his coat and vest and turned his whole
atte ifi u to it. While thus busily en
gaged a cow eanie meanderingon the
scene, .1 long, loan, lankj rod 0 iw with
a di ti rmii • I aii 1 A an n ptj i . lacb
She ispied the c-mi and vesl and at
once       ■ ped  lown uj   n then   md pro
c eded to make a   meal • f   tl 1     All
thin time S lydi , « is hi ill » rking,
llin attentii 11 was attracted |i si in Imu
toil a tho last remnants of his vest disap
poarin.   lown the    iw'   1   rai    ui ,hi oal
and  tl "   t I, 1 1   i-l  nvnig null     He
seized a club and sprang to toe rescue
but the esv,   iin  1 1 ern ined mid all be
succoi dod in  saving wa oat tail
and three iu;t'0116. He now offers to
head a subscription list to purchase a
square meal for the cow. which is said
to belong to Charley Simpson.
ARRESTED   AGAIN.
Manager Keene of the Cariboo mine
who was recently arrested by order of
the attorney general of British Columbia on a charge of murdering Matt.Roderick the supposed gold brick robber,
near camp McKinney, bad his preliminary hearing at Midway before 0. A. R.
Lambly S, M., R. Cawston J. J'., and
James Kerr J. P.
After hearing considerable testimony
tho magistrates considered there was
not sufficient evidence to commit the
accused and consequently he waBsetat
liberty, but shortly afterwards was rearrested on a charge of manslaughter and
on this charge ,w;s committed to stand
trail at tho spring assizes, bail being
takon for his appearance when called
upon in the sum of $7,000 of u hich
ainout Mr. James Monahan and Mr
Goo. B, McAuley becomo sureties to tho,
extent of i?G.000 unci tho accused to the
sum of $1,000. MILLIONS IN THE HILLS
HILLS    \i:m mi   DEAD WOOD   BEING
GROl M) TO POM DEH.
Dow tin* Ore   i*   (liuuDfil    i mil   the
<■ leu in i ii u. Glittering; Gold in
Reads   for Shipment.
Dead wood Is u big hole in th. ground;
Lead City is stiung along ti <**--■ i• Cur-
row climbing the range The former has
a more pretentious and metropolitan as-,
pect with some neal shops and handsome
blocks of brick and stone. Ii* dwellings
seem to Btand on shelves in circling tiers
iiti tin- steep mi mi ii i it in sides. Mill their
windows overlook the streets below. At
night these towering mountain galleries
are aglow with the lights of many win
<!o\vs. and one might Imagine himself
looking Jit Home marvel of modern architecture,     i >< .nlu I   is   then   :tt   Its  best.
and :tt its worst, its dens "i infamy an
open to all comers; the bums and loafers of the town, who have been staking
their all fur years on the turn of ;i card,
are thronging around the faro tables and
the various hazards of fortune, hoping
that tonight they will have the. long-look-
cd-for run of luck; "and then take •'
brace an' Kit some new do's an' go back
cast an' holler merry Crls'mas t' the ol'
folk, jus' like ol' times, and plunk down
enough gold t' lift that mor'gldge on th'
farm an' slay to home an' behave."
That's the sad end of Deadwood life for
as   Kipling Bays  In  his  ballad:
"Poor devil VII never see 'ome!"
And uii more will these poor stranded
devils who have been nicked on wheels
of fortune In the far west. Patience and
hope are a strong team, but they go
lame if overworked, and bye and bye
they're down for good. Then the pooi
devil jumps Into the reservoir or crawls
into some barn and Mies. Unfortunately
there are also many very decent fellows
who hit the games. They are men who
can take the gaff more cheerfully and
who  protect   their reserve.
But there's 0 feature of night life In
Deadwood that is beautiful and more
fascinating than these games of chance
—the rivers of molten metal, the cascades of flowing slag and smoking
fiery gold, the scintillating Hood spouting out of the forebearths and illuminating the darkness, the miniature
Vesuvll of powdered ore below the
chutes growing with red avalanches
fresh from the roaster. These are the
things that have made Deadwood possible.
Prom one of the forehearths they have
made a winding course of sand, perhaps,
tin feet long. Into which the fiery product
Of tho furnace tlows rich with gold—so
rich that a pot of it no larger than an
Old-fashioned potato kettle would sell
for $150, H is literally a river of gold—
the precious metal can be plainly distinguished as It comes smoking from the
furnace and sinks in the Hood, being
heavier than the metals from which it i.-
parting company. This process of fusing the me. which is more spectacular
than any other, is employed by the Dead
wood and Delaware Company. The ore
Is shoveled into the furnaces with coke,
lime rock and pyrites of iron which are
used for fusing. The lire Is urged with
n blast of wind that would run a .president ial campaign. The slag Hows out
ol" the furnace over the perforated top
<d' the forehearth, ami the weight of the
gold carries it through the perforation
into the forehearth, while the slag Hows
over It, then the forehearth Is tapped and
tlu' mat of gold ami silver Is drawn Into
a pot on trucks. When th" mat ;.• cooled
it is beaten with a sledge hammer and
shipped to Omaha to be separated.
The toots of the tree of evil have
many branches that grip the hills round
about Deadwood. No less hoi and suggestive is ihe mill of the chlorliiution
works, when the gold Is kept In tanks—
a yellow liquid that Iooks like sweet
cider. Here the ore is pulverized and
l hen fetl into big barrels of iron revolving horizontally where it is roasted, i<>
get rid of the sulphur by a flame thai
shoots through a big hole iu one end of
the barrel. The powdered ere is then
t rt a hi! with chlorine gas whereupon tic
gold tlows oui of it in solution. Then ii
is churned awhile In a big, lead-lined
tank until the gold comes like butter in
a black powder that settles tu the bottom. To If more severely scientific, the
gold and other metals are precipitated
by adding sodium sulphide to the solution and stirring it to hasten and Intensify this chemical action. The gold is
then caughl iii a series of cloth strainers which are burned to release the
metal. Then is still another process ol
pulling the let; of mother nature here in
the Black Hills. It is called the Cyanide
process, At the mill of this company
the powdered ore is run Into greal circular vats and troated with ■ yanldo ol
potassium, after which tin gold ,-
leached on' of || in solution. This liquid
then [lows through a series of box.-
each of which Is flUi .1 with Zinc BllUV
lugs. The zinc loves the gold and
seizes II and thi' two arc wedded for a
Heason—until Monday of the succeeding
week io i x act—when they ate divorced by fire, the gold being oast into bricks
and sent lo the money changers. The
mill would look like a common chcosi
factory if it were not so *1rly. The air
Is rank with fumes and one of the workmen told me it made whiskers grow in
bis windpipe, by which he mean) lo say,
no doubt, that It was a serious offense
to his lungs
The Homestake mine at Lead City
Is the most monumental hole In the
ground here in the Black Hills, and !
fancy It would be hard to find the like
of it anywhere else. They any that
Hearst, Lownsberry, Higgin and others
bought It some 20 years ago for one hundred thousand dollars. Probably the sum
paid was between one and two hundred
thousand. Since then they have taken
out of it hard on to a hundred million
dollars. They have ground up several of
the everlasting hills, so called, find torn
the bowels out of two mountains. Now
they say there is enough paying ore In
sight to last 20 years—some part of that,
however, must probably be charged to
exaggeration. There is a rapid stream
flowing along the road to Lead City that
is red, as if stained with the blood of
the mountains standing rent and sore
about the town. The shaft is WO feet
deep, and the ore coming up the hoist
nt the top of the mountain Is fed into
tho roaring muzzles of the great vertical
crushers. Then it takes a slide to the
stamp mill down the gulch. Here 400 big
Iron shafts are pounding up and down
upon the ore like pile-drivers. The noise
would tear hell's concave. It is appalling.
Probably the roar of a  thousand cannon.
oi a western campaign band would not
appeal more strongly to the senses. One's
b udi tit shout can no* he beard even by
his own ears. What a place for a eon-
vention of emancipated women ! The ore
is fed to Hie stamps through a scrt of
hopper, and the powdered product drops
into an artificial river which Hows over
a long series of Inclined planes covered
with quicksilver. The quicksilver seizes
the gold and makes It a prisoner. If the
mine owners could only discover the
formula for a man lik<- Russell Sage, if
they could get at the chemical elements
of that singular mental and moral compound, they would I Live a better thing
than quicksilver for the water tables.
But quicksilver docs its work very well.
They say. however, thai three quarters
id' a million dollars worth of gold gets
.■way from them every year .and washes
down  th'- en ek.
When the' quicksilver has its hands
lull of gold Hi' tables ;irc scraped, and
Hi.' amalgam wrapped in large cloths,
like towels, and wrung and squeezed by
band. The quicksilver bursts through
I he meshes of the cloth in shiny globules
until tho bull ol amalgam is teduced to
ih, tdzi of a goose egg, when the gold
Ih melted oul of It.
Tie- HomcHtake gold tlows in every dl-
i iii In   the  cuds of the earth;  to  the
bonanza kings of the far west; to the
u,on. y changers of Bond and Wall
hi reels, and a goodly share of it drops
Into a bit; newspaper bo].' in New York
city with   i thunderous chink that  keepa
lOtB   of   people   awake   u'    night 1.
The run ol link thai baps over the
percentage and breaks Hie house, but
that is a very long shot Indeed. It's highly creditable that so few of them go to
i he devil, considering that the long
famed "d. scensus avcrni" passes
through Deadwood and Heal city. After all .th-- men suffer so much hardship finding gold. I hey should have
liberal latitude in spending il. To Dr,
Carpenter, of the smelting company,
and Mr. W. 11. Bonham, of the Dead-
wood Pioneer, 1 am Indebted for much
ot the Information in ibis article. As
the rural editor says of the men who
call to pay their respects and a year's
subscription iu advance, "they are
genial, whole-souled fellows." 1.   B.
ABOUT      THE      RICHEST      PRINCE.
ii.iiic Story From the Records of the
Middle  Ak»'m-
Tin' richest prince Is not always ho that
reigns over the most extensive and populous
empire, with the largest and most prosperous
cities, and the best filled treasure house, says
tin- Philadelphia Ledger.
Hark in tin- middle ages there relnned a
prime, called Eberhard the Good, who was a
grand old man, just, wise and true, and his
liitie principality was the envied corner of
Europe. Pur though he was only a grand duke,
he ruled so justly and well that his subjects
were happy and they all loved him as a
father.
There was n feast one day at the City of
Worms, and all the German princes were
drinking wine at the banquet table, when a
dispute arose as to wide]] of them was the
richest  and   most   prosperous.
Prince Prnest of Saxony boasted of broad
domains, brimming with gold and silver mines,
and his great palace filled with golden treasure.
"I am richer than lie," said tin- Elector
Frederick of the Rhine. "From my grand cas-
tle al Heidelberg 1 can look over leagues and
leagues of hillsides covered with vineyards
and  valleys rich   with golden grain   fields."
King Louis of Bavaria claimed the palm of
sovereignty, "because," he said, "prosperous
ciliea an.i rich old cloisters, Oiled with works
of art, are greater treasures than gold or silver mines,   vineyards or ripened grain fields."
Then they all looked at the old Ion! of Wurt-
emberg, "whose hair and beard were white as
the snow on the Alpine peaks, and ,whoBO blue
• yes were shining with a smile."
'•1 have little to boast ol','* he said, meekly.
"There are but few cities in Wurtemherg aim
no silver mines, no famous vineyards and no
great Store of treasure and precious stones.
tun I own one rare jewel—I can wander anywhere In my dominions without fear and lay
my old head In peaceful slumber in the cot of
my humblest subject."
*-li is enough," they cridd in chorus; "we
yield the palm to thee, for there are no riche,
treasures than a people's love and loyalty.'-
Inike Eberhard was one of the great heruc»
of Hie feudal times. His little country of Wurt-
emberg was one of the most prosperous in iou-
rope, and the proudest kings counted him their
equal. When he was laid hi his grave the Emperor Maxlmillian of Germany declared:
"llere lies a prince who has left no equal
in the German empire in princely virtues."
Nor has time been able to blot out his fair
name, and though half a thousand years have
passed away, dividing the living from the dead,
it is always pleasant and refreshing when we
look back upon those times to find the name of
him  they called the Richest Prince.
CLEARING     OUT     THE     ROOKERIES.
Work  'I'hnt  Dmn Been  Done  in  New
York   Under  Tenement  Laws.
The Molt street barracks are on their Inst
Icrs, s:iys Jacob \. Kiis in the December C«n-
tury. The rear houses were cleared by order
,.i tlie hoard of health last .bine, and even the
dnloon keeper who collected the rents admitted
io me. when il wa- well over, that it was a
good thing. These tenements were among tin-
first to be seized under the sanitary expropriation law. They were nearly the worst in the
city, ami hopeless from structural defects. The
tilt between the front and rear buildings-il
hardly deserves the name if gai—is past six
feci in Inches wide. Through Ii came whatevei
of sunlight and air reached the rear houses,
for they backed up ngalnst the rear tenements
mii nilzabelhe street, so thai one could out hi a
hoi.i  through  He- dark   little windows on  the
toiis, nnd touch the wall if the neighbor's
house,  hardly a  fool  away.    The rent  ins.- as
.'lie    went     Up.     IllSteiid     Of    III"    reverse,     I'l^r    thi
..ii   reason   'hut   there  was  B'ime  air  at   the
lOll,    While   doWII   .0    Hie   in.lt    lliet'0   WOH   (10*10
i mi  light either.
In ihis rookery lived 2110 tenants, all Italians except two families, when th« police cen
■ii- uf ISH8 was taken. Forty if thorn v. ■••.■ ha-
hies, Thi Infiiiu death rate ol the Imrriu lo
thill year was B2B per thousand! that is to say,
nenrlj i nu third of the 1(1 babies died, Tho gen
oral Infant death rate for tho whole tenement
house pi.pahiiti.ii that year was B8.38. Ry 1891,
by peisistcni nagging, the number of tmianti
had been reduced to 8*8 the barracks were directly  under the  windows of the health  board.
•uid gave tl (Tldala much  torn by their
i pen  doflanco  of health  laws   but   there  were
more babies than ever. Thai year the lnfa.it
death   rate   In   the   barracks   was   100,38;   In   the
whole tenement population, 86.07,
In   the  interval of four years, Td   funerals hoi
gone, "at from the barracks, a.', of them with
white hearses. The old houses had been touoh-
ed UP With much paint ami whitewash nnd u
gorgeous tin cornice with the year 1880 In
raised letters a foot long and had changed owners; hut it was all of no avail. The same
summer that saw a conference of experts anil
philanthropists gathered in New York to discuss
better means of housing the propertyless masses, nnd saw plans evolved that look toward
grappling with the whole problem In a humane
and liberal spirt, witnessed also the seizure ol
the barracks as typical of the worst devise!
by a heedless past. It was as it should be. The
tenant was having his innings at last. The
undertaker   had   hud   his,   and   made   the   most
of   it.
The Diet uf Crows.
The stomachs of nearly three thousand
crows have been examined, nnd the .percentage;
of food found therein reveals the satisfactory
fact that the crow. Instead of being the bandit
we had supposed him, cunningly fattening on
the granaries and crops of the husbandman,
is a benevolent scavenger, clearing the fields,
orchards and barns of all manner of mischievous  worms  and   Insects.
IIo.vn   Denied   Kiirloimlis.
Newport, R, I., Dec. 5.—Ono hundred naval
apprentices made a dash for liberty this evening Mini two escaped. The trouble Is said to be
the outgrowth of n denial of the hoys' request
l'i r   furloughs   for  Christmas   holidays,
Densely Populated Pity.
Liverpool Is the most densely populated city
In Great Britain, having a population of lit
per acre,  Including the docks and quay.
THE CROWS' NEST PASS
liox.   A.   «;.   ill. Mil   DISCUSSES   THE
PROPOSED HUM).
CniiNtruction   oi   the   Line,   He  HuyH,
Will   Itcvolllliollizc Smt'llitlK in
'l'i,In Section.
The Chicago Record of December 1 con-
talned the following special dispatch from
Minneapolis:
A. G. Blair of Ottawa, Canadian minister of railways and canals, passed
through this city yesterday on his way
lo British Columbia, where he will make
a thorough investigation of the proposed
now railway lines tapping.the rich gold
fields and eoal mountains of southern
British Columbia. Mr. Blair was accompanied by I.. II. Davles, minister of ilsh-
erles and marine, and by Colonel James
Domville, M, I'., of St. Johns. The two
list named are on their way lo attend
tin' Bitting of tin: Bering sea commission
now in progress at Vancouver.
.Mr. Blair wlille here unfolded some or
lie details of the proposed railway
Bcheme, which promises io revolutionise
the smelting industry of the west, as well
as to open the new KOld fields to railway
communication with the outside world.
'I'lir load is lo he lillill by private patties, hut a large subsidy Is expected from
tlie Canadian government, and the fate
of tlie enterprise depends upon Mr, Blair's
report. In outlining the plans Mr. Blair
said:
"The proposition Is to construct a line
of railway fiom Lethbrldge through the
province of Alberta to the east of the
Rocky mountains. Lethhridge Is connected with the Canadian Pacific railway
by a branch. The road from Lethbrldge
to McLeod will pass through the famous
Crow's Nest Pass, one of the most desirable passes to be found in the Rockies
north of the boundary. From MeLeod
It will proceed to Nelson anil Rossland,
in the heart of the rich mining and coal
regions. The line will be about 300 miles
long.
"A number of branches will be built,
running Into tho various mining enterprises. A further extension of the trunk
lino will also follow in the near future, as
there are plans for connecting with Rev-
elsloke, a point in northern British Columbia or. the Canadian Pacilic road, by
means of the waterways. The undertaking involves an expenditure of about
$8,000,000."
Mr. Blair speaks enthusiastically of the
opening of the vast coal fields of the Columbia reglcn. The construction of the
line, lie says, means a revolution in the
great smelting works of the western
states, which now obtain coal from New
South Wales at a cost of something like
Jll a ton. The new railroad would put
the big smelters of Butte, Spokane and
other western cities in direct connection
with 250,000 acres of the richest eoal lands
in tho world, and cannot fail to produce
a remarkable change in all mining operations in the west, developing lields
rich in Iron ore which have lain idle on
account of the high price of coal.
The construction of the line through
Crow's Nest pass will save about 50 miles.
It will also do away with steep grades
and enable the Canadian Pacilic to olltno
to the summit of the Rocky mountains
through the lowest pass yet discovered.
Its elevation is less than MJ00 feet. The
lowest pass hitherto known In the northwest is Marais pass, used by the Great
Nor! hern line. Crow's Nest pass was not
discovered until later, and it has been
the Intention of the Canadian Pacilic,
ever since the discovery, ultimately to
use it. The pass lies close to the international boundary line. The proposed
railway will pass near the famous "eoal
mountain," a vast mass of the richest
hiiiiminous and coking coal. This great
deposit of coal has been the talk of hunters and trappers for 25 years, but owing
to tlie lack of railway communications
not much attention has been paid to it.
It is also reported that this section of
British Columbia Is rich in petroleum
fields, and that the Standard Oil company has already had agents in the territory making extensive inquiries concerning them.
THEY   OBJECT  TO   CHURCH   BELLS.
New   Yorkers   Complain   Thai   They
Jar on Their Nerves.
Many of the residents of the neighborhood of Stuyvesant square are complaining of the frequent ringing of bells at St.
Qeorge's ohurch, on the west side of fhe
square, says the New York Times. II is
declared by some that the bells are harsh
of sound and wofully out of tune with the
Pow n ssary noises of the neighborhood.
The board of health received yesterday
the following letter from a resident of the
locality:
"I'an'i something he done to slop the Internal noise made all day and all niglil hy
the hells nf SI. George's church? My wife
lias been ill in her bed for some weens,
and  Muds it  Impossible lo sleep nr lo Bel
well I insr of tin' awful din.    They ate
fearful on her nerves, unci are responsible
for tiie stale of nervous prostration in
which she Is. And many of the neighbors
moke tin' same eomplalnt. I think something ought to be done, for the health o(
the community, and hope that you will
give this matter your immediate attention.   Very respectfully, Ira Venn."
It was said at the olllco of the board of
hotilt'h that tho complaint would lie placed
in tho hands of an inspector, who would
visit tho neighborhood, listen to tho bells
for several hours, make inquiries among
tite residents and then report back to fne
board. After considering the Inspector's
report, the board will take whatever action it deems proper.
St. George's Protestant Episcopal
church, of Whloh the Rev. Dr. Ralnsford
is pastor, is one of the most important ot
its denomination in the city. It has a
large cosmopolitan congregation, composed of some of the oldest'and wealthiest
families of the city, as well as some of
the humblest residents of the east side.
St. George's has a high, fortress-like
tower, in which there Is a big clock,
which slowly strikes the hours, day and
night. Besides the clock bell, there are
other bells used to summon the members
to the various Sunday ami week-day services. They ring four times on Sunday—
at 8 and 11 a. m. and at 3 and 8 p.m.—
every week-day morning at 9 o'clock, and
on Wednesday afternoon and evening.
This 1s not the flr»t formal complaint
that has been made against St. George's
church bells. The Rev. A. W. Stein of the
church clergy said: "We have never had
a boll expert pass upon the toao of these
hells, but I am sure they are not so dls>
cordant and sharp as Is made out."
THE   NEWS   OF   LINCOLN'S   DEATH.
iloiv Jefferson DilviN Received .lolill-
Nton'H ii,si,Kiel, Announcing; It.
About April 18, 1SG5, I was sent under a
flag of truce to Charlotte, N. C, says a
writer in the New York Sun. Entering
tlie town with E. M. Clark, a member of
my company, as an escort, we were conducted to headquarters, a large upper
loom, evidently a school room, where the
guard pointed out General Echols, a portly, fine looking man, commander of tlie
post. Removing my hal, 1 advanced to
where General Echols sat. at one end of
a long table, and laid my dispatches on
the table.      ^
"General Kohols. 1 presume. These dispatches are Tram General Gillam? Shall I
wait for an answer?"
"Please   be   seated,"   the   general   said.
Glancing around the room, 1 saw Hi oils gentlemen, all, with one or two exceptions. In military uniform. Colonel
Cal Morgan, who had been our prisoner a
few mouths before, came to where I was
silling, and shaking hands said. "1 believe you and I are not altogether strangers."
While we chatted, a gentleman in a
civilian suit tinned to address Qenernl
Echols. The cold stare of a glass eye
caught my attention, and the features
were not unfamiliar.
"Oli. Jeff Davis; and you here, pressed,
to the wall," was my Hist thought. 1
saw, however, a much ploasanter-faced
man than our northern papers had pictured, A soul of kindly Impulses beamed
from every feature.
A dispatch   was   lianilid     to   General
EcholS, who read and reread It. witll an
anxious, earnest look upon his face. Half
using, he passed the paper to Mr, Davis.
General Echols sat at one end of file
table, with two gentlemen between him
and Mr. Davis. Mr. Davis read it slowly, and, handing it hack, remarked,
"Well, we have lost a generous enemy."
t paid little attention to what Mr. Davis
said, supposing one of our northern gen-
■ rals had been killed or died. The dispatch went the rounds, finishing in Colonel Morgan's hands, who asked General
Eohols, If consistent, to allow me to read
it.
"Oh, yes; give It to him,' he said. 1
read:
GREENSBORO', April —.
Lincoln was assassinated tlie night of
the 14th in Ford's theater. Seward was
assassinated about the same time in his
own house. Grant has marched his army
buck to Washington to declare himself
military dictator.       J. E . JOHNSTON.
I cannot recall the exact date of the
dispatch. But It necessarily traveled
slowly, as we had cut all telegraph wives,
burned bridges, torn up railroads, and
impeded travel all wc could.
In laying down the dispatch in front of
General Echols. I remarked, casually,
"Pretty good pill, general, but too thickly coated." I presumed it was a doctored dispatch intended to encourage
their men and dishearten ours.
It was not long until Mr. Davis left
the room, nnd several others followed.
General Echols asked: "Mr. Thomson,
where is Burbrldge and his niggers?"
"Just back of Llncolntown," I said. I
was somesvhat Incensed, and retaliated
wltli, "I see you have President Davis
with you, general."
Looking around the room the general
said, "No, Mr. Davis Is not here."
"But," said 1, "he was here a few
minutes ago."
"Mr. Thomson, I am surprised at your
asking any such question while here under a flag of truce," said tlie general.
"Oh, I beg pardon, general, you broke
down that bar by asking about Burn-
bridge and his niggers." General Echols,
smiling, said:
"Yes, President Davis is with us."
Soon after we partook of a parly repast
furnished by Mrs. Echols, and took our
departure for our post.
LITTLE    BURGLAR.   MUCH    BOODLE.
HOW    u    Tlllef    Was    Delected    «n<l
Given   nn   Undressing.
The Yonkcrs, N. Y., police the other day
captured 250 pounds of burglar, which
netted them 150 pounds of prisoner. Tho
extra hundred pounds was stolen feminine attire and miscellaneous dry goods, In
which the thief had so swathed his per-
soi, that he could not escape when pursued. At the station the sergeant ordered the man to take oft his coat and vest.
Layer after layer of clothing was removed, and when it was all done there
stood before them a person weighing
about 150 pounds. These are some of the
things in whloh he was clothed:
Three pairs of corsets.
Two corset waisls.
A woman's night robe.
A  balloon sleeve pink  waist.
Two  white  vests.
A black Merino skirl.
A  red plush wrapper.
one pair of black stockings.
One breakfast gown.
'! lie bottom parts of the gowns were
stuffed into his trousers, which gave him
tlie appearance of a great corpulency.
Siuffed'ln his bosom were a feather fan
am'   a   piece   of  tluehesse   laee.     His   mil tin
Is James McCloskey and lie Is 36 years
old. in the bundle which he carried were
several hundred miscellaneous articles,
seme of which were valuable. There were
elothing, shoes, hals, caps, pipes, pocket-
hooks, Jewelry, silverware, two watches
and a small handbag containing money,
Sew Dlvinft DrcsN.
A new diving 'Ires* has boon nie.I nt Hobarl
with very satisfactory ivsuiis. Tha divor
worked at a depth of SO fathoms, iiml remained
at this depth ::."' minutes without the slightest
111  effect. ^	
Karl's  AVltK'Oll.
In Germany the star group which we cull the
"big  dipper"   is  known  as   "Karl's   wagon."
Spokane Falls ^Northern R Ii
Nelson & Fort She^ard R R
ONLY ROUTE TO TRAIL CREEK,
AND  MINERAL    DISTRICT    OF  THE
COLVILLE   RESERVATION,    NELSON, KASLO, KOOTENAI LAKE
AND  SLOCAN  POINTS.
DAILY EXCEPT  SUNDAY BETWEEN
SPOKANE AND NELSON,  B.  C.
Leave.
7:00 a. m	
8:40 a. m	
.Spokane...
..Nelson....
Arrive.
.0:15 p. m.
.5:00 p. m.
Passengers fo> Trail Creek Mines connect at Northport with stages and steamer daily.
Close connections at Nelson with
steamers for Kaslo and all Kootenai lake
points.
Passengers for Kettle river and Boundary Creek connect at Marcus with
stage dally.
HE   HAS  WON   A   STRANGE   WAGER.
Why   Congressman   Soutlrirlclc   Refrained   From   Indulging;.
In addition to his salary as representative from the Albany, N. Y., district,
George N. Southwick is entitled to a
bonus of $2000. This amount will be paid
to him not for any special service in the
house of representatives, but as the result
of a wager that he would abstain from intoxicating liquors for one year. Mr.
Scuthwlck was warned hy Anthony N.
Brady, one of the wealthiest citizens of
Albany, on November 20, lS'.ir,, that the allurements of Washington life might prove
loo strong f0| him tu resist, particularly
in the matter of Indulgence in strong
drink. Banter among several gentlemen
present led Io a declaration by the representative that lie would never drink
again. Mr. Brady promptly offered to bet
him $2000 he could  not  abstain one year.
I The  wager was taken and,  In addition,
j several   side  wagers  were   made  by  Mr,
; Setithwick's friends, both for and against
i his chances of success.   One of these was
laid by Mr. Brady with Eugene D. Wood,
the amount being $5000 to $3000 that the
representative   would   fall.
Lost  Her  Propeller  lllmle.
Queenstown, Dec. 6.—The Ounard steamer
Ftruria, rroir. New York, which arrived here
at 10 o'clock last nlKht, and proceeded on her
voyage, has signalled that she lest her propeller blade, which will delay her arrival at
Liverpool.
Horn on Christinas liny.
On December 25 there were born .Sir Isaac
Newton, William Collins, l^ English poet;
Richard Parson, the great erlw and classical
scholar. ~
New Gold Discovery.
In Egypt the swallows generally leave
the town on the eve of an outbreak of
cholera.
GRAND FORKS
THE GATEWAY TO THE
Kettle River<***—
Boundary Countries.
The Supply Point of Grand Prairie, North Forks,
Christina Lake and Reservation Mining
and Agrieultnral Distriets.
Lot i arc Selling Readily and are a Good Investment.
Has a Daily Mail and Stage Service to and from Marcus
There isno Boom hut a Good, Healthy Growth.
For further particulars, Address
MANLY BROS, & AVERILL, m
or Lloyd A. Manly,   John A. Manly,    VV. G. Avcrill.
Minis & Kearney, Agts, Ha£wSash.c'
Kettle River Stage Line.
G. W. WILLIAMS.'Maiiager.
: : : FROM : : :
Marcus to Grand Forks, Greenwood, Anaconda,
Boundary Falls and Midway, B. C.,
And all Points on the Reservation.
Stages Leave Marcus on the Arrival ot the Train.
Leave   Grand   Forks	
Arrive Grand Forks	
Leave  Marcus	
Arrive Marcus	
 1:00 a. m.
  11:00 p. m.
 12 m.
 11:00 a. m.
Boundary Hotel
MIDWAY, KETTLE RIVLR.
First Class Accommodation, Good   Stabling,   Terminus   ot
Stage Line mm Marcus, Washington.
McAULEY & LUNDY,   -   -   -   -   Proorietors
SANSON! & H0LBR00K
Financial, : Mining : and : Real : Fslate : Agents,
GREENWOOD CITY, B. C.
FARMING LANDS   I
Investors Shown Claims by
an experienced man.
OTHER PROPERTIES TIMBER   LANDS
A Large List of Good (Maims for Sale on Our Hands
AND
DEALERS IN MINIES
AND
C. A. Jones,
11! House and Carriage Painting,
Plain and Decorative Paper
sig!sjj
Hanging,   Kalsomin.ng,  Etc.
Grand Forks and Greenwood City, B. C.
Prospector's : Livery, : Feed : and : Sale : Stables
GRAND FOKKS, 15. C,
Livery Teams,
Saddle and Pack Ho*
Ladies Sad'1'
HAY,   GRAIN~
FP'
Teaming of all Kinds a Specialty.
& THE FARM AND ORCHARD
THE  HOWARD   UNIVERSITY   IN   1840.
PECULIAR    TRUTHS    ABOUT    COWS
WELL K.NOW.V TO DAIRYMEN.
A Dry Stall   With   Plenty  of Wulvr to
Drink   mill   Good,   Wholesome
Food to Eat-
There are some peculiar truths about
cows well known r,« old dairymen that aro
hardly suspected hy .he new man, and
they are ol vital importance, too, so far
an getting a prollt out of her is concerned,
says the Farm and Home. It has lonjf
been a disputed point whether a cow
could of her own will hold her milk. This
is more a question of theory than of practice, for we all agree that she does it,
whether voluntarily or involuntarily, it
matters not. When a cow's young-calf Is
taken away, or when she Is beaten or
frightened, the milk instantly ceases 10
How. When she Is chilled or otherwise
made unc&m for table, the same result follows.
When any of these things happen In ,i
very marked degree, the stoppage of the
milk is equally marked, and any one with
half an eye to his own Interest will stop
the performance. He will instantly conclude thai tin- fun does not pay for the
candle, It is not the bltf leaks of this
kind where danger creeps In; it is through
the Hi tie crawfish holt's that the water
comes that finally carries away the dam.
Here is a herd of 10 cows that In mild,
good fall weather is tfivintf 200 pounds or
milk a day. All of a sudden a cold wave
settles down from the northwest und
spreads a cold, drizzling rain over the
land.
The cows get a broadside of this and
are driven Into the woods or fence corners. They get cold and refuse to go cut
Into the pasture to eat. They stand Idly
around the stable waiting to get in and
satisfy themselves with what little dry
food you are willing to give them. Now
look at your milk yield. What has become of that 200-pound yield? If you do
not daily weigh the milk or sell it hy
measure, but only make butter out of it,
the chances are you will not know what
you arc losing until the butter supply falls
short, when perhaps the weather has
turned warm again and you have forgotten the cold and wet spell. You do not
know what Is the matter that the cows
should shrink so fast. This is where the
leaks come in that cut off perhaps from
50 to 200 per cent of the prollts.
A cold, wet cow can not make her full
supply of mlik. A frightened or abused
cow will not or can not, certainly does
not, nuike her full supply. Does not common sense tell you that In order to get a
big lot of milk out of the herd you must
make all the cows comfortable? Treat
each one "as a lady," make her hot In a
dry stall with plenty of water to drink
and lots of good, wholesome food to eat,
then rub her down and be gentle with her,
and she will make you laugh to see the
milk come, and wonder at what a fool
you have been these long years In treating her like a low beast, while she got in
her revenge on you by eating her head
off once or twice a year.
THE DECAYING ORGANIC MATTER.
lliimiiN and  Ms ItchiUnii to the Fertility of the Land.
Hy a fertile soil we mean one capable
of bringing forth profitable crops. No
matter how much plant food there may
be. unless the soil can he made to raise
ii paying crop, then that soil is not a fertile one, says L. A. Clinton, of Cornell
university, in the Farm and Fireside.
True, the trouble may be with the farmer
himself, but unless he possess the ability
nnd knowledge to set free and utilize
the plant food, that soil to him is not a
fertile one.
The relation between humus and soil
fertility is not always fully appreciated.
By humus we mean the decaying organic
matter of the .soil. The amount of it in
the soil iray vary from nothing to almost 100 per cgfht, but a certain amount
of it is absolutely essential to soil fertility. Its value lies so much in its chemical influence as In its physical action.
It Is a great reservoir for the storage
of nitrogen and moisture, it affects the
temperature of the soil by making !t
warmer. Humus, and its relation to soil
moisture, is usually not taken into consideration by the average farmer, yet It
)3 in this way that ft exerts its most beneficial action In the soil. It is able to
absorb moisture from the atmosphere,
and having once taken it up, holds It.
Schubler found the amount of moisture
absorbed by different air-dried soils In
24 hours to be as follows:
Per   cent.
SUlctOUB   aiuul     0
Calcareous  sand    0.8
Loamy clay  s.o
Pure  clay    ...4.2
Humua   . '. 9.7
It will he seen from this that humus
teok up more than double the moisture
of any other soil.
That humus is able to retain moisture
was also proven by Schubler. He took
several samples of soil and dried them
thoroughly, and then saturated them
with water, allowing this to drain out.
and then found the amount of water retained to he as follows;
Per cent of Weight.
BlllolouH  sand         "■•
Calcareous sand    20
Loamy olay • M
Pure gray olay   71
Humus     181
It will thus he seen that humus Is able
not only to absorb moisture, hut also to
retain it.
When we plow under a green crop or
Stable manure, we are then not only ad-ling plant food to the soil, but we are
adding this valuable humus which Is able
lo 1'etaln 181 per cent <d' Its weight Of
moisture. Here Is where farming wl'h
oommerojal fertilizers fails. Though we
may give all ' the plant rood neeos.sur.v
for the growth and development of the
plant, the commercial fertilizer does not
add humUS to the soil. If Its use is continued year after year withou. -eing supplemented hy green or bam manures, ulO
humus of the soil is finally used up, and
the crop falls because there Is no power
in  tho soil   lo hold  moisture.
Son I hern   Student*   Wert*   Con Halt* u-
iiiin  in  the  Law School*
The college of that period has been
somtimes described as drawing Its students from a smaller geograpnicai range
than at present, says Colonel Higginson
in the December Atlantic. This was of
course true in a general way, yet in one
respect the precise contrary was the case.
In that ante-bellum period, the southern
students were a noticeable element in the
college, and a very conspicuous one in
the law school, being drawn thereto by
the great reputation of Judge Story; and
as these youths were all reared under the
influence of slavery, they contributed a
far more distinctive element in Cambridge
society than anything now to be seen
there. The difference now between che
richest student from New York or California and bhe very poorest anil most abstemious boy from some New England
farm Is not nearly so marked a-s that
which then distinguished the demeanor
of the average southern from the average New England student. As a rule
the southerners were clearly the favorites
In Cambridge society; they usually had
Charming manners, social aptitudes, imperious ways, abundant leisure and plenty of money; they were graceful dancers,
often musical and sometimes well taught.
On the other hand they were often indolent, profligate and quarrelsome; they
were almost wholly responsible for the
"town and gown" rows, now extinct, but
then not infrequent. Contributing sometimes the most brilliant young1 men to
the law school, they furnished also a
class who. having been brought up on re-
mole plantations and much indulged,
had remained grossly Ignorant. I remember one in particular who was supposed
to have entered the law school, out
proved to be taking private lessons in
something or other from Charles Deveas,
afterwards judge and major general. A
mystery hung about the matter till it was
found thait the youth, who was as showy
as any of his companions in dress ;.nd
bearing, was simply learning to read aud
write.
AT AN EMPRESS' GARDEN PARTY.
•Jaiina'H   Annual   Celebration   of   tlie
IlloHNomlagr of the Cherry Tree*.
Mrs. Robert P. Porter writes graphically and Interestingly in the December
Ladies' Home Journal of "The Garden
Party of an Empress," a picturesque
runction which she attended during a recent visit to Tokio, Japan, given in honor
or the blossoming of the cherry tree.
"The guests," she says, "numbering six
or seven hundred, representing every
phase of foreign visitor, had all assembled (In the magnificent garden adjoining
the palace) and, as requested, formed in
line on either side of the broad path leading from a beautiful bridge, over which
the empress was to walk on foot, after
entering on the other side of the palace
gardens. The ladies formed on one side,
the gentlemen on the other. The many
brilliant uniforms, some of them liberally
decorated, and the variety of hues of the
ladles' dresses, with the rich background
of foliage nnd flowering trees, formed a
spectacle that must have struck even the
imperial eye as dazzling. Presently tin-
sounds of the national hymn could be
heard in the distance, as It was played by
the royal hand, and a few minutes later,
in absolute silence, appeared Mr. Yosh-
Itano Sannomiya, the master of ceremonies, who preceded the empress and
her ladies, partly backing or walking
sideways with the greatest skill, up the
open path. As the empress advanced she
held herself very erect, and walked with
an ease and grace that were astonishing
when one remembers that, shs never wore
a European dress until within recent
years, and grew to maturity without her
little feet touching the bare earth. As
the royal cortege passed by the empress
cast a glance, quick and searching as
lightning, to the right and to the left,
apparently to see that no ono was neglecting to pay homage, which consisted
of the most profound salutations of
which the guests were capable. Appar-
ently her majesty was pleased at the
manner of her reception, for a flight
smile touched her red lips, and she inclined her head now and then most graciously. As soon as the last of the suite
had passed the ladles and gentlemen fell
Into line and slowly followed the royal
party through the long and fairy-like
walk of trees and flowers and running
streamy, until a large, open sward was
reached. Over its rich, green surface was
extended a long marquee, under which
ran tables liberally decorated with Mowers, fruit, confections, Hags, and mar-
velously-made dishes."
PAT'S THANKSGIVING TURKEY.
The Ileaiitlfnl.
"What  endtt'KH  linen  of beauty curve about
The central  force  that doth all  things create!
Anil,  over widening to the reverent hand
What deep dominion Hew in human skill
Exalted, step by step, to understand
Some little measure of the sovereign will.
From   round   to   round   the   sweet,   triumphant
breath
Inspires the humblest craft nnd highest art;
The greatest word a mighty poet saith
Finds In the lowliest life a certain counterpart.
So he that It Is good when It be done,
All work is beautiful, nil beauty one.
—Florence L. Snow,  "The Lamp of Gold."
Medicine in Ancient Ehgypt.
In ancient filgypt the art and practice of
medicine and surgery were confined to the
priesthood. Bach priest adopted a specialty.
Evidences of ancient dentistry revealed in the
opening of tombs indicate that a high proficiency had been attained In at least one branch
of dental  art.
The Eye-NlicM  of  lints.
Common bats appear to he practically blind,
not only in the light, but also In the dusk,
says a naturalist. Some I kept could never
see the mealworms with which I fed them,
or the paint brush with which I gave them
water, until It was within one-third of an inch
of  their snouts,
Tolmeoo Users.
It is estimated that two-thirds of the
grown male population of the globe
either smoke or chew tobacco.
Yez may Blng wid yez litigant varses
Av the turkay toot's luvely an"  brown;
Shure,  Biddy an'  Oi are  contlnted
To sit  wid another burd down.
The turkay Oi mane was created
WidOUt any wings fur a flolght;
He was born in the say so It's stated
Near the  banks av the  Qeorgle'a delolght.
Smothered   up   wid  crume-gravey   he's   luvely,
Wid praties arranged in  foine stoile;
That's a  Thanksgiving  faste  sutlsfoing
Thot make the hull fomily amolle.
The Cod!    Bless the Maker av fishes!
Bates turkay tliot's luvely an"  brown—
Smothered  up wid crame-gravey In dishes,
A faste fur a king to put down.
—H. S.  Keller.
AUTOGRAPHS OF THE EVANGELISTS.
I'erhapH It In for the Hest That  None
of the O riff in ft I Gonpels Exist.
Some of our readers there may be who find It
difficult to understand why. since God has revealed to us his win m a book, or rather m a
library  of inspired hooks, as the Bible truly
is, lie has not nt the Bame time given us an
Infallible text, ways Agnes Smith Lewis In the
December Century,     How much   labor would
have been saved had we pimsrsse.I tllQ autographs of four evangelists!    To this WO answer
that, lui'l one such autograph existed, some
branch of the Christian church, possibly every
branoh, ourselves Included, would have made
an Idol of the writer's parchment, while neglecting its teachings altogether. W*o can onlj
seek t«. comprehend the ways of Provtdenco in
one sphere hy observing them in another. Man
Ik the heir of all things: yet he Is sent Into
the world to depend for food, clothing, and all
the comforts and adornments or life, on his
wits. Mow greatly is he thereby differentiated
from the brutes! Mow Immeasurably is the educated man, and especially the scientific Investigator, raised above the savage simply as
the result of his own efforts!
Is It not poHslhle that lie who gave the
Word of Life designs to quicken our Interest In
It hy arousing afresh In each successive generation of Christians the desire to approach
nearer to Us sources, to remove the undergrowth of legend and tradition which has sometimes obstructed its free course, ami that we
are saved from the danger If finding it trite
hy the feeling that we possess a ibvine treasure
which, though a gift, is not entirely independent of our own exertions for the measure in
which it shall minister to our edification?
IMnjA'iie   of   SnnrrowH  and   Sqiii rrelw.
While some parts of England are suffering
from a plague of sparrows, and others from a
profusion of hats, some Scotch estates tire
complaining of the Inroads of squirrels. The
woods on the estate of CarlOBlde, near Earls-
ton, belonging to Lord Iteay, are suffering serious injury from the large mini her of these little animals by which  they are Infested.
interior  of  New  Guinea.
German explorers In New Guinea, Dr. Laut-
erbach. Dr. Kerutlng and Herr Tappenheek,
discovered in October nt the foot of the Bismarck mountains a navigable stream flowing
through a fruitful and thickly populated plain,
over which they traveled for 200 miles. This Is
the first well populated area that haVbeen discovered in the interior of New Guinea.
Inilla's   Liiiiuiutie.eN.
India has hundredB of dialects, which may
all be classed under three great heads, the
Sanscrit, Pracrlt and Mp.gadhi. The Sanscrit
Is the fundamental language, and that of the
Vepdas; the Pracrlt, the vernacular language
in many dialects, and the Magndhl or Misrn
is that of Ceylon and the islands.
LITTLE  PHIL'S THANKSGIVING.
WOT,"   said   little  Phil    to
friend Kagsy Red,    as
shivered     together    In
< *\ *rr #< >r "  . .iiii  in : v  fiiii   to   his
they
together In the
shelter of Lick alley, while a cold November rain sifted down along Sutter
street, "Wot, is dis T'anksgivln'I"
Kagsy Ited bestowed a rather pitying
smile of patronage upon his small
companion. "it's de day de president
gives de big mugs ter be t'ankful fer
turkey  and   small hots,"  he said.
"Alie where does w.-se come In?" Phil
persisted, looking down at his rags, and
shrinking closer to the wall at the touch
of a breeze more  than   usually  keen.
"Wese don't," said Ragsy Hod, sen-
tentlously. "De president don't make no
proclamations fer people wid beer incomes. Youse ain't got nuthin' ter be
t'ankful fer."t
Ragsy Red "darted out at a passing car,
his bundle of evening papers held tightly
under Ids arm, crying his wares. Little
Phil, shivering in the keen wind and the
scurry of rain, could not yet make up
his mind to the plunge. It was cold
where ho was—so cold the actual physical pain of It brought tears to his eyes,
but the street was colder. It had been
a hard day, and his papers were unsold.
The. few people In the streets, hurrying
homeward to warmth and light and generous fare of the season, gave no thought
to the little figure shivering In the alley.
Men who walk the streets of cities are
hardened against their miseries. One fur-
lorn little figure more or less makes no
impression. And who wanted to read
news or buy newspapers on Thanksgiving? It was a day to sjiut out the world,
to bow before the lares and penates in
thank's for the good things the world can
bestow.   Of such as this is human nature.
Little Phil had been given to nobody,
as blessing or curse. He could not remember ever having a kind word spoken
to him by man or woman. He was a
waif, and he fought his own way in the
human stream. The current bore him on,
of course. It bears us all on, little and
great alike. lie managed, small as he
was, to keep his head above water. But
ho could see no possible good to come
of holidays in the winter, when
grew thin and there was no sale Tor papers. What right had the president to come
between him and his livelihoon? Who
was the president, anyway, that his word
could stagnate tho world? Little Phil
wished he might bo president. He would
certainly see to it that no boy went to
bed with an empty belly.
Little Phil mused for a time limited by
the narrow grasp or his mental processes.
Then the wind and the rain, striking
his naked skin, through wide rents in his
garments, awakened once more the sense
or personal discomfort. After the manner of the self-supporting, going out to
meet hostility, he edged closer to the
entrance of the alley. The wind, sweeping the rain before It, cut his face and
neck and arms like the touch of a river
of Ice. Ho shivered as a miked lad shivers on the brink of a pool, feeling the
water with his toe. Then, bending his
head to take the rain on the thatch
of hair sticking through half a dozen
holes In the crown of his hat, he
plunged out Into the darkness, almost into
the arms of a pedestrian plodding sturdily along in the opposite direction, who
paused at the shock, crying "Hello!"
"Polper, sir?" said little Phil, not a
whit dazed; "all about T'anksgivin'"
The man, a great, burly fellow, In a
pilot overcoat, held the boy by the
shoulder after the collision, ami ho now
lifted him up so as to bring tho lad's eyes
to a level with his own. Little Phil
wished he had been as big and as strong
as that.
"No," he said, "I do not want a paper.
I have nothing to be thankful for."
There was a merry twinkle in his eye
as he said that, like the sparkling of the
sea In the sun, which seemed to carry
to little Phil's mind the idea that this
man had much to be thankful for, if
manifest ability to conquer the world
counted for anything.
"If I was as big as you, mister," he
said, "I'd eat turkey and drink small bots
'stead of jlmmyin' around in de cold an'
wet."
"Oh, you would," said the large man,
suddenly setting little Phil on his feet,
but keeping fast hold on his shoulders.
"You bet." *
The big man looked long and steadily
into the eyes of the waif in front of him.
Seven years of struggle In the streets
had not given little Phil the faculty of
shirking tho gaze of a man. The small
blue eyes returned without flinching the
gaze of the kindly brown ones.
"And will you not," the big man said
at last, "have turkey and—and a small
bottle for your dinner,  too?"
"Not on yer life, boss. I'll be In luck
to have coffee and sinkers, I will," Jndi-
I'ullng his impecunloslty by a large ges-
ture, taking in the street, his unsold
papers, the whole mundane situation.
The man hailed a passing car. "You
como whh up'," he Maid to the boy, and
little Phil went. The waif id" the street
is quick In meeting the situations of life
as they arise. He must be If he would
keep from under the Wheels of trolley
ears. A lad of home growth, S years old,
would have shrunk, and naturally, from
contact with this* stranger. Little Phil,
a man In all but years and almost more
than a man In his knowledge of life, accepted the comradeship as precisely the
most natural thing in the world. If the
boy of the street knows no Inferiors he
also knows no superiors, save the superiority coming from greater physical
force. Little Phil paid his new friend's
strength the sincere tribute of envy.
That aside, they were on terms of the
most purroet equality.
They rode on the car well out toward
the western addition, stopping at last before a large house not rar from Van Ness
avenue. The stranger opened tho iron
gate boldly, little Phil paddling along at
his side, and rang the front door bell.
He seemed to be well known there, for
he stepped into the house at once when a
lackey opened the door.
"I Will go up at once to tho library,
John," ho said, "I suppose tho doctor
is in?"
"Yes, sir, Mr. George, ho Is in, sir,"
said John, looking at little Phil with
something as closely approaching disfavor
as the breeding of a perfect servant
would permit.
Little Phil had never been in a house
like that before, but the great brown
silence of the subdued lights nor the Jeep
carpet into which his wet feet sank at
every step could quell the feeling of perfect equality in his small breast. He returned the look of tho servant's displeasure with interest and impudence, and
followed in the wake of his new friend.
Rev. Dr. Walker, pastor of St. Vitus'
Episcopal church, was In the. library. He
had conducted a most successful Thanksgiving service In tho morning and was
meditating now upon the excellent dinner
whose announcement he was almost momentarily expecting, and to which he had
invited a few congenial guests to help
him close the day in fitting fashion.
There would he evening service at the
church, but the curate would attend to
that. His parishioners would not expect
the rector to stir abroad upon such an
unpleasant evening. Sitting there in front
of his warm coal fire, bis large, white
hands held in front or him in the position
of the devout, Rev. Dr. Walker looked
up as the door was thrown open and tinman of the pilot coat entered, little Phil
at his heels. The boy's shock head was
scarce higher than the writing table in
the center of the room, and at first the
rector did not see him.
"Ah, Captain George," Rev Dr. Walker
said, rubbing his large, white hands, one
upon the other, "unceremonious, as usual.
I am glad to see you, really. How have
you kept the day? You have come to
dinner, I hope?"
"Well, no, brother John, I have not
come to dinner. I told you 1 could not,
I believe. But I have brought a guesl iu
my place," indicating little Phil, v. ho
came for th,.. first lime in tie' rector's
view.
"God bless me," said thai good man,
ceasing suddenly to rub his large whin-
hands together, and looking Inexpressibly
shocked,  "God bless  me,  George,  wha»*-i
this'.'"
"I told you I had lii-oiighl a guest In
my place, did 1 not?"
"Bill, is not litis rather cruel jesting.
You did not tell your or your frlond
what   he  had   to expect.   1   hope."
"Well, no, brother. I did not. 1 suspect,
do you know, that i knew you tu well
for that."
"That Is sensible, brother, that Is very
sensible," and the rector, arising, stepped
toward the electric bell.
"What are you going tu do?" the ourly
brother asked.
"Why, send him to the servants' hall
and have him fed and—er—washed, it
is the kindest thing."
"And do you suppose he would go?"
"What is he here for?"
"As I told you, 1 brought him to dinner with you. Your sermon this morning, I believe, was upon the beauty of
charity and the equality of all men upon
a day of giving thanks."
"But, my dear George, you do not understand. Wo do not carry beautiful theories into our private lives."
"And your Master, who said, 'Suffer-
little children to come unto me?' "
"A glorious sentiment, brother. A divine sentiment! Mere man can not reach
those sublime heights. We feed the hungry. There are the charities. But the
Lord gives abundance to some, want to
others. We can not imprudently interfere with the working of his mysterious
will."
"All men, then, are not equal In the
sight of the Master?"
"Only theoretically, brother; only theoretically. The boy has a soul, I dare say.
Those common creatures have. But we
really can not go out of eur way to reach
it. He would not feel happy, brother, al
the tables of the great."
"You are not willing to try tho experiment."
"You are absurd, brother. Tho bishop
is coming to dinner tonight. What would
he   think?    What  would   my wife say?"
"Did Christ Jesus consider the bishop
when ho put out his hands to the lowly?"
"But you do not understand. A more
man of today can not hope to emulate
the Master's excellence."
"A more man of today. It seems, is not
willing to try. Come on, youngster.
There is neither turkey nor small bottle
for us here."
"You will not let mo send him to the
kitchen, brother?" the rector said; but
the burly man, the boy In his wake, had
gone out. Rev. John Walker sank back
into his easy chair before the fire, rubbing his large white hands together,
slowly and meditatively. "It Is a pity,"
he mused, "that my brother George Is
so, so impetuous. If It could bo possible
I would think my sainted mother made
an error when alio permitted him to follow his bent and go to sea instead of
educating him, as I was educated, for the
church."
Captain George—for he was a ship captain, and it was the twinkle uf the sea in
his eye which had fascinated little Phil
at first—and the boy took tho next car
down town, riding to the water front.
It was cold and raw on tho water, as
they were rowed In the wherry they
found watting at the Clay street landing
stage out to one of the great ships In
the stream, but little Phil was used to the
cold, and Captain George had his groat
pilot coat. Once on board, they wore In
a world where Captain George was supreme, and little Phil was presently
feasted upon such generous abundance of
sea dainties as made him believe, at last,
that there were some good things In the
world to be thankful for. He slept that
night upon a shakedown In the cabin of
the Carton Castle, for It had come on to
blow while ho was at dinner with the
captain, though little Phil held on to his
dinner liko a sailor. And when the ship
cleared for Liverpool with a cargo of
wheat a week later she had a new cabin
boy, 8 years old and with a stock cf
knowledge sufficient to outfit a whole
ship's company of able seamen. Little
Phil had been reclaimed from the streets.
He kept Thanksgiving always, after that,
knowing  what  it   meant.—Han   Francisco
Bulletin.
LIGHTS AND SIDELIGHTS.
Get ready to be thankful
For joy and hope and peace;
We're  far away  from Turkey,
But 'possums pose in Grease,
The world Is oul of blossom,
And falls the wintry fleece;
But pickled pig and 'possum
Are prodigal of peace,
--Atlanta Constitution,
# #   *
"Oh, no! Them ain't any favorites in
this family!" BolfiOQ.uis'.eu Johnny. "Oh,
no! If I bite my linger nails I catch it
over the knuckles; but the baby can eat
his whole foot and they think It's clever."
The Queen.
* *   *
If a man really received till his punishment   <>n   earth.   What   a  lot  of   fun   Ms
enemies could have.   Buffalo Times.
n   #   #
"1 have ordered everything," ho sa.ld,
sinking wearily on the sofa.
"Did you see ahottt the stoves?" his
wife asked.
"Yes; I bought II of them—a coal stove
and a gas stove for each room."
"And tbjeeoal?"
"Yes; 40 tons and eight cords of wood.
They will all be delivered at our now
place tomorrow."
And next day they moved Into their
Harlem steam-heated Hat.—New York
Journal.
The young man who can get trusted for
a new overcoat is not likely to take his
old ono out of pawn.—New Orleans Picayune
• #   #
Mips V3.n do Slecle—Do you know, Mr.
Slowboy, papa wanted to know If you
had ever kissed mo.
Mr. Slowboy—You don't mean it? You
told him "no," I hope?
Miss Van de Steele— Oh, yes; I said you
hadn't as yet.—Commercial Advertiser.
* *   #
"Why do you take squash pie, George?
You  told  mo you much preferred  pumpkin."
I    "I do; but I don't know just how to pro-
I nounco it in a fashionable hotel like this,
and   with  as llttlo money in   my pocket
| as I've got.   But squash is dead easy!"--
Cleveland Plalndealer.
CRASH OF THE ELEMENTS
,11 ST   SUPPOSE!   THAT   THE   EARTH
REVERSED ITS MOTION.
Sensational   Interview   Will,   nn   lin-
iittrliiiitlve I'd. I).. Who Doesn't
v. ■-!, His miii,,. I'uliIiHlieil.
"Suppose tl)'. eartli should suddenly bi
reversed on iis axis?"
"What?"
"Suppose the revolution of the earth
on its axis should suddenly be reversed
—what would happen?"
Scenes worthy of the day of judgment," responded the doctor, •■only n
(.pens a curious Held for speculation.
Rather Interesting."
"Of course it is Interesting,"  I assent.
,d.      "Tell    me     all     about      it    from     a
s< lentlflc polnl or view."
lb' eyed mo suspiciously. "You musn'i
quole me," ho sail. "It Isn't a scientific
proposition. There is no known force
that could bring about &uch .a r isul .
.Mid  I can'l  afford to have my name as-
poclatcd   with   Buch   madcap   il risslng.
Vol granting the Impossible assumption
tho rest—the necessary n suits, .-an he
llgured oul with scientific accuracy. I
must admit, sued a speculation appeals
strongly to tin- Imagination; ami it you
hold rigidly to tie- logic of your premises, It is not  wholly unprofitable."
"Give me youi Ideas," I crl id, "and I
promise to respect your reputation. Tell
me just whal would happen."
"We must first define the assumption."
he said—"just what is reversed, it we
mean simply the solid earth and ill thai
Is strictly oo'herent with it, the dlrecl
usults would be Instant and appalling.
"All objects near the equator are moving eastward a' the rate ol' rather mor<
than 10 miles a minute. if the
earth should suddenly, not merely stop,
but begin lo rotate with equal spi i d in
the opposite direction, everything resting upon its surface would in- hurled
from its position with incredible violence.
Every building in the world would be
Instantly demolished, and is fragments
scattered along a splintery trail tor
leagues to the eastward. A man riding
quietly across n broad prairie would be
dashed against the distant cliffs on ils
eastern border before he could utter a
single cry, and both horse and rider
would be smashed to atoms by tin impact-as completely as if they bad fallen
from tho sky. For consider, it would be
like the collision of two railway [rains.
each moving tit about nil times the usual
speed; the man's inertia would fling him
eastward at the rate of fully 9SI miles
per hour, and the hillside would clap
against him. rushing westward with equal
velocity. The great bowlders lying loos,
on the mountain tops would be projected
like cannon balls to distant regions, and
would plough into the ground like mete,
orlo stones. A rifle ball, however, if dls
charged toward the west al the Instant
of the reversal, would seem Io hover for
some moments in about the same place,
and would finally drop near Us starting
point."
"And   bow   about   tlie  trees'."'
"Unless they were Included in the assumed reversal, so thai the effects oi
Inertia would be obviated, their trunk-
would he snapped like pipe stems, and
tlie wreck of forests would Bwecp over
the land like ti giant broom, until gradually checked by friction. But even ii
we assume them, as being rooted in tie
earth, to be included in ils reversal ol
motion, they would not fan- much better.
For the inertia of the atmosphere would
give rise to a wind which would snip
them of every leaf and branch—or rather,
a hurricane which would tear them up
by the roots and bear then)' bodily to remote districts. .Meanwhile, tin- setting
sun would back up through the sky. giving for tlie once 21 consecutive hours ol
daylight.
"Moreover, the sea would he Hung from
its bed, and would surge In tin overwhelming tidal wave across the continents.
When tlie waters subsided, tlie wrecks
,,f the Japanese war Met might be found
scattered amid the ruins of San Francisco—only there would be no one left
to search for them; and the debris of
San Francisco would iu all probability
be hopelessly mixed up with the scam
remnants of Chicago and New York: for
inertia aud wind and wave would all
combine   to   sweep   them   eastward."
"And would Hie earth ever again become  habitable?"
"Yes; in time. Hut since only the low
est forms of 111" could survive such a
cataclysm—and these would be chlelly
marine organisms of the simplest str	
lure—evolution would have to lake a
flesh start almost Horn the primordial
germs. Countless ages must elapse before the world could be re-poopli d.
"Furthermore, the world in whii it thi -
new ami genuinely post-diluvian race
would Und Itself, would present somi
strange contrasts with the world as we
know  It.    For  Instance,   tho sun   would
i ise in  the «est. Ulld set  ill  'I asl.  Tl,
action  oi'  the   lides   would   be  curiously
i ,i.   'I'b, ui-se  of  all   tho   per '
« In,Is   and   ,,l    Hie   ,:i, al   ,., enll   curlvll
Mould  be changed;   the  oi i nn   hi ,i    11 nt
ibe  very  form  ot Hie continents  would
liavi      ,-uiT. :, d     markt ,1     mi dllli itlon
Kvi ii   the  precession  of  He  , quinoxi
Hull slow Wabble of 111.- pole-, would 1)0
Ievorsi d.
"But   there   is   slid   another   fncto	
consider  on,    winch   we  have   thus   tar
, omplotely  Ignored,    if we  suppose  in
tcversnl to be effected by any real  I'oiv,
electrical, for Instance- such as might
conceivably reverse tlie motbn of a revolving wheel- If. ill short, we assume
a    power   not    absolutely    miraculous   and
above all natural law. every atom 01
matter in the earth would be subjected
to such a shock and tension thai a degree  of  heat   would   lie  generated   sufll
ciellt lo fuse and even vaporize the entire mass. And obviously, if we admit
ibis, all the rest is either forestalled or
absorbed in the greater catastrophe. For
on this hypothesis the earth would be
brought back to its original condition
as a nebulous agglomeration of superheated vapors, liko those which flame
and whirl in fury eddies upon the Incandescent surface of the sun. giving
rise to tho phenomena of sun spots.
"prominences," and the "corona" observed during an eclipse. In that case aeons
of time, a slowly lapsing cycle vastly
exceeding that Implied in all geologic
history, would ho required to restore the
world lo Its present habitable state."
"There Is more science In this thing
than I could have believed," 1 exclaimed.
"Call It the scientific elaboration of a
thoroughly unscientific hypothesis," he
concluded.
THE   CHILDREN    OF   THE   CHINESE.
I I,,- Treatment of Girl liable
From Civilised.
Chinese children, when they get up in
Hie morning, as soon as they are dressed,
go lo the rooms of their fathers ami
mothers and ask them how they feel and
what they can do for them. All day long
they must wail upon tihelr parents, rot
only willingly, hut cheerfully, says the
Chicago   Times-Herald.
This is a part of their religion, and a
child who grumbles at what is asked of
him is looked upon much as an American
( i.ild would be who should grumble at the
necessity of telling the truth. Indeed,
Chinese children are not very particular
uhoul telling the truth, although they are
particular about obeying their parents.
They take the same pleasure in doing
(irauds for ibem that our children do in
helping a favorite teacher. There are
monuments in China to those who have
been esj lally devoted to their parents.
As they dress in Hie morning to perform
Hint daily duly which is always their lifelong duty, n is Interesting to see that
both boys ami girls wear jackets and
trousers. Rich and poor dress alike, except that lb,- poor wear cotton and the
rich silk. Tlie main difference between
Hie boys' and the girls' dress is tin- manner of doing the hair.
When lie- baby boy is 2 months o'd his
hair, if in- has any, is shaved all except
two little round Bpots just over the tars.
Here the bail- Is allowed to grow, and
when ii is long enough is braided in two
little pigtails.
When he is S years old it is shaved
again, all except a round paieh on the
crown. When the hair grows II Is made
inlo tlie queue which we sec on the heads
of I he Chinamen on our streets.
The baby girl's hair is allowed lo grow
and is brushed straight back from Hie
forehead and braided. When she Is s
years old II is put on the to;, of her bead
and lied into funny I'ow knots. It is then
decorated with flowers ami ornaments of
all kinds.
Girl babies in China are not thought
much of as a rule.   They arc frequently
sold to be brought up as slaves, or. at
least, unpaid lions.-bold servants, and a
traveler states that he has often Been a
basket of llttlo baby girls sold iu the
market fur fc to *:, each.
In many families the girls have no
names, Inn are known as No. I. 2 or ::.
Wla-n they are married they are known
03 Mr. So-and-So's wife, ami when they
.(!■(- the mother v\' a sun. as such anil
such a one's mother. The first prayer
that many maidens make at Hie shrine of
Buddha   is  that  in   Hie   next   state  or  «•
i.- h nee they may be men.
'I hey probably wish so very strongly
when they arc about 5 years old, for th in
most of the linie girls have their feet
bandaged. The parents wait until the
children are big enough to walk well,
and then they turn tin- little girl's lo--s
back under the fool and wind tb. in
tightly about will lion bandage.
They press tin, foot so tightly thai it
ctill not grow, and ibe little lues almost
disappear. It hurts awfully al first, and
ii:,- poor girls cry bitterly. Itui then il
their feel are not bandaged no man will
marry them, and what a dreadful thing
that   would be.
Si, all lb,- loving mothers lie up their
little girls' feel and think that they tire
,i, in.:; them a kindness. After about six
weeks tin- children can stand ii to w ilk
i.ii their poor, tied up feet, and the Chinese think thai tin- queer way they stump
around is very beautiful.
SOME   LUXURIES   FOR   THE   INSANE.
II  They   llnre   Money   Their  EJxpen-
Hlve TllNteN Are I mill lined.
Although as a rule patients in an asy-
lum foi the insane differ llttlo in their
habits from tb,   ordinary run of rational
persons, some have queer fads, esj tally
in the matter of did. says the New York
World, tin-- male patient in the Bloom-
Ingdale asylum al Whit, Plains, N. Y..
insists upon having an omelet every
morning for breakfast, and refuses to eat
anything until  be is given one.
A female patient declines to eat food
which is not brought to her in ibe original package, so she may open ii herself.
After it is opened sin- insists upon keep,
Ipg ibe contents constantly under her
supervision. Sin- will eal none but raw
eggs, breaking theshells herself. She
eats oranges and bananas only when allowed to | 1 them herself.   She Imagines
thai her food will he poisoned unless sue
protects  herself in  litis  way.
In a large asylum like Bloomlngdulc
there is always a number of patients thai
Imagine thai their food will be poisoned
ami consequently flatly refuse to eat,   AH
the   f 1   such   patients   si i   has   to   be
passed through a lube Into tin Ir slum
liens. Ono woman ai Bloomlngdale Imagines  thai   on  account   of  some preal   -in
v, hlch   she   has  committed   all   her   t '
is  cursed,   and   she  lias   I    ainn, lull)
ti ,1.
There  is  no resl rletlon  on  a  i - i
dlol if I an afford :., sntisfj  be  whim
except    lo   kl ep   llilll   W il bill    I lie   b<HJI|,K   ol'
hygienic    law.      Many   of   ibe   Inmati
i, ari d  in  luxurj    havi   chnmpngne uppe
tltes,    and    lb, J    do   not    n  ,,u   lied    II
they have money enough lo pay lor win,-.
A small supply of champagne is always
kepi a: Hi.- asylum. Nol Infrequently i In
in, nds of wi althy patients visit them I
bring   lunch   and   ebalnpamc.    wlilili   a re
often served iii Hie patient's private
apartment, but always under Hie supervision  of an asylum  attendant.
Many patients demand rare game in
season, and often out of season, and
liny gel II if they can afford It. Some
also have extravagant tastes in cigars.
and while a 15-cent cigar is the best kept
in slock at ibe asylum, tin1 authorities
place no restriction on friends sending
in cigars of any grail". Cigars and smoking tobacco are scheduled as luxuries,
und arc charged to the patients who use
I hem.
K lt>|iloiminlfi.
"I am happily able to prove," remarked
ibe counsel for the defense, "that my
client is a kleptomaniac. To thai end If
it pleases the conn. I submit in evidence
the deeds in her name to 1100,000 worth
of unincumbered real estate and gilt-
edged securities to the amount of another
(100,000.    We rest."
The jury found a verdict of acquittal
without leaving their seats.—Detroit Tribune.
Street Railway SUleafre.
The whole street rnllway mfleniti' of tho
United States, says tho Oar, is nearly 16,0011
miles, nnd tho mileage of tho principal cities
Is as follows: Philadelphia, 400 mllea; Now
York,   Including  100 miles   elevated.   427  miles;
Huston. Including suburban lines, r,50 miles;
Brooklyn, Including r»r> miles elevated, 40.",
miles; Chicago, including oil miles elevated. 6r,ii
miles. GRAND  FORKS  MINER.
' BY I". H. McCABTKK Si SON.
Thi Mihkr in published on Saturday and will
mailed  to Subscriber on payment oi Two
,,.)!lar» a year.
Displayed AdTertlneinents *.> an Inch per
month. A. liberal discount allowed on long
contracts.
'fraud*nt Advertisements on oentB a line lirnt
inherit,,a and 10 cents a lln« fbr eacli ailditiotiHi
Inicrtion.
Local or reading matter notices 25 cents oaoli
Insertion.
Job Printing at Fair rateB. All accounts fo
job work and advertising payable on the titht o!
each mouth. F, II. UCCaBTBB & Son.
SATURDAY',   PBOBMBER   12, 189(1.
In the Victoria Times of DecoBib'r
1 thore appears an articlo by "L.
r. I'." on tho subject of Ii. ('. minus. In
this article tho writer takes occasion to
greatly disparragequr mines, comparing
them with tho great minoB of South
Afaiua anil West Australia. This is
indoor] a good way of determining the
value of our properties—providing the
comparison is fairly made. This we
contend that "L. T. P." huB not done.
On tho contrary ho puts himself out to
belittle onr uiineB. "Some of tho Slocan
mines,'' ho Bays, "aro rich and exceedingly promising but it is too soon to
predict that any of them will approach
the Broken Hill mine in New South
Wales, which has paid over fifty millions of dollars in dividends." Thon he
goes on to con pare the gold initios o!
B. C, with thoso of Australia and South
Africa—and heie again ho errs. Instead of comparing the LeRoi, War
' Eagle, etc., with tho great South Africa
mines, the Ferreira and Robinson, as
they are today he should have compared
them at the same stage of development.
The question should not be: Have tho
.Slocan mines paid as big dividends as
the Broken Hill; or havo the LeRoi,
and War Eagle produced ae well as the
Ferreira and RobinBon? It should rather be: The Slocan Star has paid
,.*300,000in dividends; had the Broken
Hill paid as well at tho same stage of
development? The Noble Five has
shipped $1'21,0U0 worth of clean ore;
what had the Broken Hill shipped at
the same stago? Tho LeRoi has paid
3250,000, the War Eagie $187,000 and tho
Cariboo $112,000 in dividenods; how tlitl
the Ferreira and Robinson stand when
the same amount of work had boen done
on them? By comparing in this way,
and only by such comparison, can we
form a true estimate of the relative values of tho different properties, Any
other comparison is ridiculous. And
we have no hesitancy in expressing our
opinion that by tho above system of
comparison tho utii.es of British Columbia will rank with anything in the min
[ng world. The fact is cooeeeded by all
who have visited our groat mineral belt
that nowhere oIbo have such wonderful
surface showings and enormous ledges
been disclosed; and the unanimity with
with which tho r re increases in value
hb depth is gained on each now property
worked is sufficient to justify anyone ir
claiming the British Columbia gold
mines to surpass anything in tho known
world,
As will be seen elsewhere in this paper the inhabitants ot this town through
their solicitor, Mr. Frank Higgins, intend to apply to the legislative assembly
.of British Columbia at its next session
for an act to incorporate them as a municipality.
The fact that Grand Forks has grown
from four or livo hotisoa to several hundred inhabitants, within tho space
12 of months, away from railway
facilities of any kind, speaks volumes
and now wo are to be incorporated and
have a municipal government of our
.own,  when   we  will  be in a position to
mini"  public   improvements   such  as
Etreet grading, sidewalks  etc., ami  also
Bee u re  a  lire system  which is  a tuosl
necessary appendage to a  town  of  any
magnitude.
The fact of this town growing so  rap
idly and becoming tho natural  tneroan-
tile conter of tho   Kettle  River   district
before tho advent of a railway naturally
leads fine tu ask the question; "What
will the town become when a railway
actually heads this way in tho spring?"
There will bo u great influx of capital
seeking investment which will be followed by the establishment ot now business enterprises of various kinds and
•Grands Forks will, within the next 12
months change fiom a busy town into
a flourishing city having the various
mining camps as its tributaries.
The question may arise; "What is
there at the junction of the forks of
Kettle river to make such a town at
Grand ForkB. It iB gold! Gold tninee
at our very threshold. There are over a
dozen properties within one mile of the
center of town which assay high in gold
and copper. Then thore are the North
Fork properties, including the Volcanic
and over 50 other mines which are only
waiting for transportation facilities to
commence shipping. So it does not
take the wiBdom of a philosopher to for-
see that Grand Forks is destined to
become a great city.
The fact that this town finds it nee
eBsary to incorporate is enough in itself.
We can one and all congratulate ourselves that we are residents of Grand
Forks,	
MINE   NEWS.
Interesting Items    Gathered    From
Many Sources.—Mining
Notes.
Arthur Langford, who owns several
tine claims in Knight's camp is likely
ta close a deal for at least one of these
properties at any early day.
Bennett and Jones who own the
Wobfoot, on Fisherman's creok have
completed their annual assessment
work with most satisfactory rosults.
Smith and Ester, the owners of the
No. .'3, property on Pass creek are pushing ahead with their tunnel which they
are running into thoir30 foot ledge.
McCurse & Miller, ownors of the Iron
King ,which is situated between Pass
and Brown's creeks, are getting some
tine copper ore in their f>0 foqt tunnel.
Tho Hamfat property, in Brown's
camp is looking well, their being a well
Jolinod ledge which has been recently
stripped by the owner  for over 50 feet.
There is 8 feet of solid pay ore now i u
sight on the Lame-foot claim,on Curlew
creek which is owned by the Frankfor'
Mining and Milling Company of
Spokane,
A big copper assay was recen t'.y made
from ,i sample t|f ore taken from the
Cecil claim on Kermoos creek on the
Reservation which i-, owned by John
King and E. H. Thompson.
The parties who have the contract for
driving the 100foot tunnel in the Boneta
have been considerably delayed in their
progress by the non-arrival of their
black smithing outfit which is Borne
where between Spokane and Grand
Forks.
RosBland capitalists are negotiating
for the purchase on a bond of a group
of three claims up the North Fork
which aro known as the Iron King, The.
SilverCon and another property of which
D. P. Mitchell, of this town is a part
owner.
Tho Reservation Mining &, Milling
Company, of Spokane, which 'owns the
Lone Star, on the other side of the line
have got a quantity of ore at the
entrance of their 250 foot tunnel jut-t
waiting for transportation facilities.
Bonds of Electric, Steam
or Horse Car Railways
.PLACED   AT   SH0ETEST   NOTICE
Persons having   mining or other Properties   that   will
bear investigation, can  have a Company promoted, or
sell them, by addressing	
MANHATTAN INVESTORS k SECURITIES GO, Ltd,
,7 and 1!) Broadway, Now York City.    London  offices:—CbiBwell'House,  No.
138 Finsbury Pavement, Loudon, E. C, England.
NOTICE.
NOTICE IS 11KKKHV tllVKN that, bavin,
leased the building known as tliolil'aad frorks
Hotel,I am, however, in no way connected with
• r Interested in the saloon that bus been carried on in the paBt in this buiillmr.
OKO. P. MIMS.
Knight's   Restaurant   for   a  square
meal.   Only 25 cents.
KETfLE RIVER  MININQ  DIVISION
Records of Mineral Locations (or the
Week Ending   Dec.  J.
November 21: Virginia City,    hrown's camp,
Klla Clark.
California,  Browns en np. \V   It. Harris.
Ajax, Dut Iwoid camp, J. B. lliautlin .
November^: lialnbow, Christina lake, Charle.-
Ladner.
November80:    VlrginiUB,   Greenwood   camp,
John Frost.
War Eagle,  Kimberly camp, J. M. Jarrette.
Oeeemberl: Midnight,   Brown's camp, Cbaf.
OummlngB,
Belohor, Grand Forks, A. L. Sogers.
Piastre, Seattle camp, 1). B. Pettyjohn.
Brittj.i, Seattle camp, I). B. Pettyjohn.
L'BltTlKICATES OF WOKK.
November 24; Montana, I). Hanuitiu.
Caledonia, J. w*. MoUanu and J. U  Wiseman
Hidden Treasure, T. Parkinson and w.
Philter.
Piatt, P Aspinwall ot al.
November 25:    E. C. B., E. C. Brown.
November 20:   Black Hawk, Thos. Walsh, C. A.
Baldwin and Ed. Baillie.
Ida, Geo. Iliekeu.
Legal Tender, J. L. Wiseman,
J. A. C.,1). W. Holbrook.
November 23:   Glemyood, Jas. Sutherland,
Novmeber :iC:   Hopewell, Archie Connors.
Deoembor I:   FredO., Q. AverlllandProctoi
Joiner.
Altruist, B.C. Brown.
TKANSFKHS,
November 24:     Vancouver,  % Interest, A. G
Hoggs to V, 11. Young.
Lakeside Fraction, all Interest, G. Tbruahcr
J. A. Cameron and d. Emerson.
NortU Seattle    Fraction,   Mrs.   E.  Clark  ti
It. Clark.
Waterloo, !i Interest, B. Davis to  H. B. Cannon aud R. C. Stlidwick.
Indian Quaon, Mascot aud Little Volcanic, nil
interest, 11. A. Sbcads to Grand  ForkB Gold
Miiiine Company.
Victory, all Interest, A. Wallace to W. M. Lav.-.
November SO'    Tiger and Diamond Hitch,  ',
Interest, I)   L. Bench to Frank Guse.
November38: Napoleon Bonaparte and May-
Bower, all Interest, and Mark Antony, \\ I e
tcrcst, Joe Gelinas to English AsKreii/li
Gold Mining Company.
Beit,alt interest, Aicx Dorlas to the tfnglinh
ift French Gold Mining Company.
Rambler, all interest, A. G. Davics and C.
Frank to Everett & Spokane Mining Co.
November liO: Humming Bird, 1-20 lntoicst
each, litllus Ehlrlch to Sidney J, Luce, Jay
Carl Williams, W. F. O'Brien a ml C. F. t;rl-p.
December 1: Coma ick Lode, all interest, Geo.
Lynch to E. P. Bushnell, H. W. Atkinson
and K. J, Geogan.
Carlisle, % int., aud Marguerite, all Int.,
M. E. Melor to H. M. Campbell.
Iva Leuore, J. P. Harlaa and T. D. Johnson,
J.^ Int. each to J. C. Haas, and J. C. Haas all
Interest to H. Cutbbcrt.
Uncle, !4 Int., Otto Diller to O. T. Hodgson,
O. T. Hodgson toB. H. Delirey aud K. H.
DeGrey to H. Outbbert.
Coin, yt int., J. A. Elliott to H. A. Sheads.
Chespealc, fractional, all Interest, H. A.
Sheads to W. K. White.
Helen, % Int., J. C. Haas to Wood.
Suowsllde, %. int., J. alley to Nathan  Toklas.
NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOB PRIVATE BILL.
TOWNSITE   Oh    GRAND   FORKS,
Dr. Jakes of Greenwood, who is coroner for this portion of Yale district and
who recently held an inquest on the
body of Ma-^jjJj^'jy m&t Camp Mc-
Kinney appearTto naveaceu peyond his
jurisdiction in g as      ppears
that ( ,,at Jakes, authority ended
several miles east ot Camp McKinny;
consequently Dr. Morris of Vernon, who
is coroner for the Camp McKinney district, has held another inquest at the
camp. No particular blame, however,
can be attached to Dr. Jakes a) he undoubtedly believed Camp McKinney to
be in the Kettle River district.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that application!
will be made to the Legistlatlvc AsBembly;
of the Province of British Columbia for an Act,
Incorporating the Inhabitant* of'the townsitc|
of Grand Forks, in the OsoyooB division of the
(liBtrictof Yale, as a municipality, tod'ellne the
limita ol Bald corporation, with Bud) provisions
of the general municipal acts now iu lorce in
the Province, and such other provisions as may
bo applicable, or necessary or expedient; aud
with such further provision as will enable u
vote to be taken, at the time fixed lor the lirst
election, to determine whether the aflairB of the
corporation sluill, subject to the provisions ol
the Act ol Incorporation, he managed by ail executive ol tlp-ee commissioners or by a mayoi
and three aldermen.     FRANK HIGGINS,
Solicitor lor Applicants.
NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOB PRIVATE BILL.
QOED!    QOEDM    QQL&U
.*-*     *    •
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES ARE PULL OF IT!
NOTICE,
All parties who are indebted to the
MiNEit for any lob work whatsoever may
consider thjs an open letter addressed
to thorn personally and will oblige ub
as woll as find it to their own advantage
to call at onco and gottlo thoir accounts.
NOW IS THE TIME for you to invest!
NOWHERE will you find, better Inducements I
THEY ARE IN the vicinity ot GRAND FORKS, B. P.
We have now on cale the following good properties:—
GROUP OF       I    One-half mile frorn Grand Forks und adjoining Jhe celebrated
FIVE- CLAIMS.   J    BONETA mine.   Will be eo!d!ae a-group or tifhgly. :' ";r ,;''1
GROUP OF       )    One mile and a half from Grand Porks, quartz ledge, good
TWO CLAIMS.   )    Assays and an immense surface showing of'ore. *   ■ ■ ■ I
OVER TWENTY       (    For sale oheap in the vicinity of the Great  Volcanic
GOOD PROPERIES J    Mouutuin and Seattle mining properties.  ■ ■
The Above    /    Wo can honestly recommend as good investments.    We can ge
)    you gooi claims in any particular section at bed-rook '
properties
prices.
-Correspondence Solicited.
'/VlcCarter, Johnson & McCartej\
GRAKO FORKS WATER, POWER, AND LIGHT COMPANY, LIMITED.
NOTTCK IS HERKPY GIVEN that (tppHoation
w! 1 be made to the Letfistlative ABHcmlih
of the Ir u'iiicouf British Columbia at Itsnexi
neBsion for an Act t<» Incorporate the Grann1
Forks Water, Power and Light Company, Limited, with power to appropriate, take, and Use
from the N< r h Fork of KeUly Kiyer, and Manlv
creek, at points above the townsite of Grand
Forks, Osoyoos Dlvlwio-i of East Yale Distric ,
so much of the water as may )»> necessary for.
and to utilize tlie water ao diverted for, the following purposes, namely; of gencratinj.'
electricity and of supplying the same witlih
the district hereinafter mentioned either fot
electric lighting, motive power, telegraph, telephone or other works; of supplying water t.
consumers as a motive power for hauling, pumping, lighting, smelting, drilling, or for an.,
other purpose for which it may he applied oi
acquired; of supplying water for domestic, min
iug, manufacturing, and other purposes to the
miners, Binelters, operators of tramways, au<
Inhabitants of the townsite of Grand Forks and
of a strip of territory not exceeding six miles h
width on either aide of the South Fork of Ke'tli
Kiver and not exceeding in length twcnty-tivi
miles above the said townsite of Grand Forkfc
along the Hue of the North Fork of Kettle Kivei
and with power to construct and maiuttiii
buildings, erections, dams, ditches, flumeK
raceways, or other works neeesBary forca'rrylng
out the above purposes, or any of them, or fo
improving or increasing the said water privileges; and with power to enter aiid expropria ■
land for a site for power houses, and for dam>
ditches, raceways and reservoirs, and for carr;
tug the electric current underground or ove'i
head and for such other works as may he
necessary aud for the bidding thereon of mills,
manufactories, or any erection for the purpos"
of carrying on any industry; and witli power t
erect, lay, construct and maintain buildingb,
pipes, polefl, wires, appliances or convenience
necessary or proper for tho generating and
transmitting of electricity au<l power! and will.
power to constiuct, equip, operate and maintain tramways for the purpose of carry!nj
passengers or freight In the dlstrfct above men
tioued; and with power to maintain am.
operate a telephone system in the said district
ami with power to do all such things as are in
cident or conducive to the attainment of th.
above objects.
Dated at the City of Victoria this 8th  day u.
December, lsiKi. HUNTER & DUFF,
Agents for Fulton & Ward,
Solicitors for the applieauts.
AND
Grand Ball
Shooting Hatch
AT CARSON, B. C.
Christmas Eve.
Thero will bo u shooting match for
Turkeys mid Chickens at Carson, B. C.
Ohrlstrtias Day, December 26, at li::;t)
p. in., sharp. Ball and supper at Grand
Prairie Hotel.   All are Invited.
McLARKN UROS.
NOTICE--*
The host wire spring in the world is
mado in Grand Finks. I also do nil
kinds of line furniture and other
REPAIRING,
RUBBER   STAMPS,
and Seals. Agent for the best makes of
.Sewing machines. Also the Hummer
bicycle.
J. W. JONES. GRAND FORKS, B. O
HEPWORTH & CO.
Druggists Etc
A Pull Stock ot Toilet Articles
Always on Hand. Also a Well
Assorted Supply of
STATIONERY
AND WALL PAPER.
SURGERY IN REAR
OP DRUG STORE	
CERTIFICATE  OF  THE   REGISTRATION  OF A
FOREIGN COMPANY,
"COMPANiKS' AfJT," I?ART IV, AND AMKN'D-
ma Acts.
liThe Keough, Gt}ld and CQpper Mining
Company" (Foveign.)
Registered the 25tl) day of November, 1896.
T HEREBY CERTIFY that! have this day reg-
1 istered "The KeoughGold and Copper Mining
Company" (Foreign), under the "Companies'
\ct," Part IV., "Registration of Foreign Companies, ' and amfcndiijg A.ets.
The head oflice of the sab} company is sltuat-
i'd at the City qf Salt Lake, State of Utah,
U.S. A.
The objects for which the Company is estab ;
lished are;—To purchase, work, develop and'
mar age the B-Bq11 lode mining claim, the
Aspen lode mining claim, the Delamar lo.le
mining claim and tlie Remington bide mining
•laim, all situate iu Yale Mining District, British Columbia, and to acquire mines, mills,
reduction wcrks and such property real and'
personal as may1 be suitable or convenient for'
'■arrying on a general mining and milling busi-
icsr; and to operate, buy, sell or exchange,
nines, mills, reduction worksand all property
lecessaryor convenient to the business.
The capital slock Of the kiihi Company is two
iinulred thousand dollars, divided into two
hundred thousand Bhares of the par value of
me dollar each.
Given under my hand and Boal of oflice at
Victoria, Province of British Columba, this 25th
day of November, 1W6."
[InB.| S. y. wootton,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
Or F. H. ncCARTER,
Spokane, Washington.
-Grand Forks, B. C.
NOTICE OF APPLICATION TOR PRIVATE BILL.
CASCADE WATER, POWER,  AND  LIGHT
PANY, LIMITED.
NOTICE IS HERERY GIVEN Unit application
will be made to the Legislative Assembh
of the Province of British Columbia, at its n^t
seBsiou for an Act incorporating tho Cascade
Water, Rower, aud Light Company, Limited
with power to appropriate and use so much
water from Boundary creok. Kettle river am:
the North Fork of Kettle river as the eompiim
may see lit, for the purpose of establishluK
water-works and sunplydng wuter for mining,
domestic, manufacturing, and other purposec
to the Inhabitants of the townsites ol' Midway,
Anaconda, Greenwood, Grand Forks and i'ns-
cade City in Yale district and lo appropriate
ami use biu.OOO miner's Inches Of water from
Kettle river, near Cascade City for the purpose
of generating electricity for the supply of lighl
heat, and power to the inhabitants, citicB.
towns, mines, smelters and tramways within >
radius ot 40 miles from the said townsite tu
Grand Forks and to construct, erect aud main
tain all necessary workjj, buildings, dams, race
ways, flumes, poles ana erections, lay pipes and
stretch wireB for generating, and supplying
electricity as aforesaid and to enter upon mul
expropriate land for the purposes of the Com
pany ami also to Construct, maintain and operate tramway aud telephone system^ within tli<
said radius of 40 miles, and to do all otlu-
things necessary or conducive to tho attain
ment of the above objects or any of them.
Dated at the City of Victoria the 10th day  01
November, A. D. Jtt'Jy.
FRANK HIGGINS.
Solicitor for Applicants.
MINERAL ACT 1896.
(FORM F.)
Certificate  of   Improvements  Notic
SEATTLE MIHEBAl CLAIM.
Beattle Mineral Claim, situate in the Kettle
Kiver Mining Division of Yale Dtatrlot,
■-viiero looated—In Brown's camp on tlie went
side of tlie North Fork of Kettle rlvor.
TAKE NOTICE that I, F- Wollnstou, uctiiii? its
agent for the Beattle Mining & Bmelung
Company (Foreign), free miner's certificate Su.
87,146, lntoud 10 nays Irom tlie ilute liejeol, lo
apply to tlie Mining Recorder lor n Cortifleatu
of Improvements for the purpose of ohtiilliiniA H
Grown liriiuLof ilie Khove claim,
Anil  further take notice that notion Under
IQOtlon '•'.1 must be oommenoed before the iiau-
ance of BUell OertUleate of Improvements.
Dated Hill 20th day November, 1800,
!•'. WO1XAST0N.
NOTICE.
To Mi-Hum. S, R. Almond Esq., J. P.,
Carson, B. C, and P. T. MqCuIIvm Ks<j„
J, P., Grand Forks, B.C.
Gentlemen: J hereby give you notice that it
iB my Intention to apply at the next sitting ->r
the licensing court for the lower portion of Osoyoos division of Yale district to be held on tl e
lfrth of December next, for (. retail lidUor license to sell spiritous liquors, wines and beer at
the Grand Forks Hotel situated on lot No. 2 iu
Black No. 3 in the townsite plan of Grand FoiuB.
I have the honor to be Sira,
Yours respectfully
GEO. F. MLMS.
NOTICE.
TENDERS    WANTED.
Tenders will be received by tlie undersigned
until January the 16th 161)7 lor the consructlou
of an Irrigating ditch aud flume from Boundary
creek to Midway flat.
Plans and specifications can be seen at Hie
ollice of the Midway Company, Midway, U. 0.
and the office of C. F. Costerton, Vernon, B. C.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted. A. K. STUART,
Agent Midway Company, Ltd.
Midway, B. C, Decoinber 5,1896.
E
MANLY'S NEW BLOCK.
GRAND FORKS B. G
THEL GERTRUDE DAHL,
Teacher of
VIOLIN. BANJO, MANDOLIN AND GUITAR.
Student from the College of Music of Cincinnati!, and pupil oi the dlstlngulshtd Master and
Violinist, chas. flattens of the Brussels Franco-
Belgian School of the Violin.
OFFICE HOURS — Monday, Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday and Saturday, 2 to 6 p. m.
MAIN ST. ■ ■ GRAND FORKS, B. C.
G. B. Stocking,
EXFEJIT WATCHMAKER,
Bf6t Mainspring in the World,
Fully Warranted.
Watch RepairingiisipAy Specialty.
 All Work Warranted.
CORNER RIVERSIDE AVE. AND BRIDGE 8T3. GRAND FORKS, B. O
WILLIAM MAPER
Wholesale und Retail
: BUTCHERS;
All Kinds of Fresh Meats flt Live and Let Live Prices.
WE ALSO HAVE SOME NICE CORNED BEEF
AND ALL KINDS OF SAUSAGB.
Second Street
Grand Forks, B. C,
H. W. RUSSELL
'House and Carriage Painter,
Paper  Hanger,
and Kalsominer,
GLAZING OF ALL KINDS
Orders Promptly Attended to,   Estimates Furnished oil
Ail Kinds of Work. 0RAND FORKS, B. 0.
If You Want Good Bread
Goto
KNIGHT'S
BAKERY
For A Square Meal
Eat At^>
Knight's Restaurant
THE TABLE WILL BE
SUPPLIED WITH THE
BEST THE MARKET
AFFORDS ,
EIVEESIDE - - GKAND T0BKS, B. 0.
BUILDERS
Should carefully consider
tho coBt of material, and
by figuring, find out that
all kinds of
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Shingles, Lath, Etc.
can be purchased at the
Grand   Forks
Sawmill
0HEAPEB THAN
ANYWHEBE ELSE.
FIREWOOD $1 PER LOAD.
C.  K, SIMPSON. Proprietor.
AND ALL KINDS OF JOB-WORK.
GRAND FORKS niNER,
All RoadB Lead to Carson.
ED. DRISCOLL,
Dealer in General
MERCHANDISE,
Carries a Complete Line ol
Groceries,
Dry Goods,
Clothing,
Boots and Shoes,
Also a Full Line of
Harness, Saddles, Bits, Spurs,
Etc., Etc.
tSTREPA RING PROMPTLY ATTENDEi TO.*!
THOMPSON'
STAGE LINE,
—FROM—
Carson to Curlew. San Poil
and Eureka Camus.
Leaves Carson and Nelson on Tueseay and
Friday.    Returns Wednesday and   Saturday
making connection with Morrison's Stage Lin*.
EDWARD THOMPSON, Proprietor,
WE HAVE
Lumber1
Or ALL KINDS.
always on Hand,
For Prices and Terms call on or address,
MANLY  & AVERILL    I
(hand Forks, B. O;

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