BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Miner Feb 13, 1897

Item Metadata


JSON: gfminer-1.0081749.json
JSON-LD: gfminer-1.0081749-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): gfminer-1.0081749-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: gfminer-1.0081749-rdf.json
Turtle: gfminer-1.0081749-turtle.txt
N-Triples: gfminer-1.0081749-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: gfminer-1.0081749-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Stoel.'rangfs, Stoves, Silverware, Qraniteware, Orookeryware, Glassware,
Woodenwure, Tinware, Toilet sots
Ot All Kinde, Cutlery, Churns, Sewing machines, Wringers, Washing ma-
chines, Window shades, Wagons and Trucks, Furnrco Work, Steam and Tipo
Fitting, Iron Tipo and Fittings, Etc., Etc.
Firstclass Job Shop in Connection.
Wholosalo and Retail
• fcS U   I  w
AU Kinds of Fresh Moats at Live and Let Livo Pncos.
Second Street
- Grand Forks, B. C.
Grand Forks, B. C.
The Mammoth Hotel of the Kettle River District.
MRS. A. V. DAVIS, Proprietress.
Now is the Ti
One Hundred Dollars Invested NOW
Will Buy as Much as a Thousand Next Spring.
We have now on sale tho following good properties:—
GROUP OF       j    One-half mile from Grand Forks and adjoining the celebrated
TWO CLAIMS.   \    BONBTA mine.   Will he sold as a group ur singly.
GROUP OF       )    Ono mile and a half from Grand Forks, quartz ledge, good
TWO CLAIMS.  )    Assays and an immense surface showing of ore.
OVER TWENTY        )    Fur pale cheap in  tho vicinity of  the Great   Volcani.
GOOD PROPERIES \    Mountain and Seattle mining properties.
The Above    )    We can honestly recommend bb g 1 investments.     Wo can'go
Properties      (    you good claims in any particular section at bed-rock prices.
We Offer to Prospectors and Mine-
owners Special Facilities for Quick
Keturns as We are in Constant Communication With Capitalists in all
Parts of the Country.
Correspondence Solicited.
McCarter, Johnson & McCarter,
jm. Grand Porks, B. C
■Or P. H. ncCARTER,
Spokane, Washington
Carson Lodge I. O. O. F. No. 37.
T   n   0   "P   MRIT8 kttuy *t.s
J.,  \J. U> £ 1 ceiling ui * o'clock
k In tlicir
.. .jt Carson, fi '.'.   a cardial Invitation extended to all sojourning bretbren.
p, n. NELSON, U.S.
D. I). McLabeh, N. Q,
Church Notice.
Bobbath lu tin. obtireltetlla.nl. and7:80
p* m. In tlio school room ul Grand Forks, Hnl>-
h.ith school 10:80 a. tn. In tlio BoUool room.
A1 Carson weekly 3 p, in.
Rbv.Thos, 1'aton, Pastor.
Law and Collecting Agency,
Chas.de BlolsOreenCE PL 8,   F.WollaBtonPI-S
Provincial Land Surveyors
civil Engineers, Etc.
Office Iii VmiNess' Addition with J.II. Featherston, assayer.
L. Mcdonald,
Contractor and Builder,
GRAND.   FORKS,   B.   C.
Flans and specifications drawn, estimates tin
nished on nil kinds ol building, Work strict!;
RIVERSIDE,      -      -      •       GRAND FORK'
H. FEATHERSTON, li. A. S, c.
Ami Hiuing Engineer.   Member ol Quebeo Mining Society.   Mineral Claims Examined
and Reported on.
Barber Shop.
Centrally I-onated.   All Work Qauranteed to b
firBt-CluBH in every Respect.
PETER A. I PARE,      -      -      PROPRIETOFi.
Dosb nil kinila of   kinds of  repairing m*<
horse Bhoeing,   All work gauranteed,
Does nil kindB of repairing and horsoshoeins
Work strictly BrstelasB,
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
11. C
Watch Repairing Mv Specialty.
All Work Warranted.
U.   C.
a     0. SUTTON.
Barrister at Law,
Notary Public, Etc.
Provincial Land Surveyor,
And Civil Engineer,
Owen, Midway, b. c. ,    ,
ABsoeinte  Member Canadion
Society   of Civil  Engineers.
From Grand Forks lo Greenwood and
Stage Leaves Grand Porks 6 a* m-
On  Saturdays, Tuesdays  and
Thursdays, and on Monday
Wednesday and Friday
At 7 O'olook a. m-
Makae Carson, Greenwood, Anaconna,
Boundary Falls and Midway.
A. L. RogrrB and J. D. Sears w*r«
among *.Ue many arrivals yesterday,
Gluts. VanXess has gene on a visit to
the eastern stateB, He will gone about
two months.
Oliver Cooper, uf Spokane, arrived on
Monday's stage. Hois here with u view
to inventing.
J. J. Oajfield, of Greonwoud, came
uver tlm mountain this week and i,p»nt
several days In town.
Charles Hay, of the Forks, is in Victoria and will likely return some timn
toward the end of th? month.
Four fumilios from Hood River, Oro..
are expected to arrive in the Forks soon
to make their future home here.
Frank Griffin and Win. Dirckson returned Wednesday night from Rossland
where t ley havo been for tho past 10
Any person desiring to purchase a
Brst-claSs piuuo of any make wili Mud it
to thei; advantago to call at the Miner
William Hood came down from Em
piro ramp a fow days ago and reports
work being steadily prosecuted in tinea m p.
A. 11. Jones, who has lately arrived
from Oregon, contemplates starting a
saw nnd planing mill somowhero up the
North Fork.
W. J. Penrose is building a small dwelling house on his property on Main
-street. When completd it will present
a veiy neat appearance.
Maurice Tracy, of Duudas, Ontario,
was among the many visitors to the
Fotka this week and may remain some
Utile time among us.
C. G. Dixon, W. W. Murk, and P. K.
Fiasoi', of Spokane wero arrivals in town
,ast Tuesday, They remained several
days to sizo up their surroundings.
Frank Wood, of Greenwood formerly
of the firm of Wood, Hubbel & Westel,
hotelkoeperB, was in town on Tuesday
last and returned homo the same day.
Mr. Ward, who has secured the con
tract for building tho basement of L. A
Manly's wholesale liquor store intends
commencing operations immediately;
Wm. Guttridge, who has been up on
Pass creek for tlia last t-tn iluy-*, eami-
down on Thursday. Ho says the snow
is a coupl) of feet deep and deer are
very plentiful.
Wright & Schawn who own tho stngo
line between Bossburg and Grand Forks
were compelled to put on an oxtra ssta,'o
yesterday to provide accomodation for
their passougers.
VanTassel   and   Sutton,  who own s
line  placer   claim   on   Fourth of Julv
■reok, are making preparations to do
ixtensive  work on  their  property  a
soon aa the snow goes .IT.
Tho hoisting machinery tor the R-Beli
property in Summit camp was brought
into town yesterday and will bo taken
up to tlio mino at onco whon work wili
again be pushed ahead.
J. Jennings and Mr. Sullivan, of Barrio, Ontario, were among the many
guests at the Vic'  -ia Hotel this week.
MIDWAY,  11. C.
Searcher of Records.
Notary Public.
z*\   *•>   ***-*-.
Assessment Aot and Provincial Rbvb*
NOB Tax.
Bocfc Creek Division of Yale District.
NOTICE is HEREBY GIVEN, In accordance
with the statutes, that Provincial Revemn
1'ax Hii'l nil Taxes levied under tbo Assessmenl
Ac* are now due for tho year isht.
All of the above named Taxes collectible
within tho Roil: Creek Division oi Vale Dis
ii'ici nrc pavable nt my oliico al Osoyoos, 11. C.
Provincial Revenue Tax. $8 per year.
Assessed Taxes are collectlbloatthe lollowlng
rnu's. vis:—
[j luihl on or before Juno 80,1887:—
Throe-flttlis of one percent on Real Property,
two nmt one-ball per cenl on lhe assossed value
of wild liiiid, oiic-hnlf of one percent mi Personal property. On so much ofihc tnoomeol
nuy person as exceeds ono thousand dollars, the
following rules, inanely:—Upon suchexcess
when the same IB i ot more thnn ten thousand
dollars, one per cent! when such excess is over
ten thousand dollars nnd not nunc thnn twenty
thousand dollars, one and one-quarter of one
per cut; when such excess Is over twenty
thousand dollars, one and one-half of one
per cent.
If paid on or after 1st of July. 1S07:—
Fou-'-liflhsof one percent o l Real Properly,
throe per cent on the assessed value 01 wild
land, tnree-quortera of one per cent on Personal
Property. On so much oi the Income of any
person as exceeds one thousand dollars the fol
lowing rntcB, viz:—Upon such excess, when lhe
same is not more than ten thousand dollars,
one and one-quarter oi one percent; when
such excess is over ten thousand dollars and
not more than twenty thousand dollars, one
and one half ol one per cent; when such excess is over twenty Jtho lsniul dollars, one nnd
three-miiti'tei's oi ono percent.
Jan.2,1897. C. A. LAMBLY,
Assessor and Collector.
They have come to look after iiivesmentc
for their ouutorn principals.
Edward Cordingly, of Victoria, v. i.s n
possenger on Wednesday's stago from
Pentictoii, It is his intention to inspect several properties in tho immediate \ioinity of Grand forks during hio
Thero wi'l be a general meeting of
the officers and members of tho Grand
Forks Social Club on Monday evening
the 1*"til inst. to consider the ndvis
ability of giving a dance on the evening
of tho 22nd inst.
On the Bonota, on Observation mountain, the tunnel is now in between 20
and 30 feet and a fine showing is boing
made, It is expected to tup the ledge
almost any day now.
Wm. Ooyle, who has beon work! ng all
winter on his claim tho Shawnee in
White's camp, arrived on Thursday last
from tho claim and left Friday morning
for Spokane where will likely close a
doal of no little magnitude,
C. A. U. Lambly, gold commissioner
for this saction, arrived on Thurday last
from Spokane, accompanied by his bride,
aud left on Friday for Midway. The
Miner extends congratulations and
wishes them many years of happiness.
A. li. Jones, of Hood River, Oregon,
und a In-other of O. A. Jones of this
place, arrived on Wedneday lust. It is
his intention to make Grand Forks his
future home and it is quite probablo he
Will purchase some property and build
a 10 room lodging house at an early
Colin Campbell and J. W. Young
went over to Midway on Thursday hist
to bo present at tho postponed hearing
of the case of Regina ys Edward D.tvl-i;
who was charged withsulling a mineral
claim io Mr. Campbell after he had pre
viously sold it to another patty. After
examining tho records and receiving
somo evidence the prisoner was committed to stand trial iu March, by the
presiding magistrates Messrs. Norris
and Kerr.
H. E. Beach, ono of tho owners of the
Columbia property near Volcanic mountain is pushing ahead with the tunnel
ho is running on tho claim. Hois now
in some 12 foot and is in solid minertii
a recent assay running frit in gold and
a good percentage of silver and copper.
Mr. Beach also owns a one-third interest
in tho Mass Battery claim *vlii--h Jnina
the Columbia and ho intends doing
assessment work immediately on Huh
Records of Mineral Locations for the
Week Ending Feb. 8.
February J—Pretty Girl,  Grand  Forks,   Neil
Sunshine of Promise. North Fork. A. Clyde.
Rlx, Summit camp, A. E. Keough,
February   3—Forget-ino-not,  tract.,    Central
camp, Lewis Hind.
February   1-Happy Thought,   Grand   Prairie.
Win, Pfiofer,
Wormwood, Providence camp, S. Inkslcr.
Uanganlta, ditto, J. C. Olson, S, Inkster.
Iron Chancellor, Puis creok, W. A. Glover,
February 6—Davidson, Brown's camp, A, Pres
lar, J. II. Smith and J. Davidson
Ajax, Edward's camp, W. Guttridge.
Springfield. Hardy mountain. Bert Ring,
Curson. Wellington camp, Jno. Meyer.
Frisco, ditto, F. K. McMnun.
Boston, ditto,
February 8—SIoKlnley, Smith's, A. OMtloman.
CKIVI'II'IC.VTIIH or   woiuc.
February li—Queen Babe, Henry Morgrn.
Mountain View, n. A. Pendcll, C. F. Bears.
Iron King, Max Kimti.
Columbia, C. H. Tesohncr.
Kuppor Queen, Mux Iviiutz. c. H, Miller.
Chester, J, .1. Flournoy, Kliza McCallum
February 8— -towel, L. Bossbart, F. DIttmor, M,
Oar laud.
Tom McKay  Did Not Hold  up Uncle
Sam's Mail.
On Saturday last Tom McKay, under
arrest on suspicion of being connected
with the robbery of the U. S. mail on
the 2nd., was brought before Justices of
the Peace McCallum aud Almond. Considerable evidence was taken but it was
of such a nature as to warrant the mag
istrates dismissing the ease,
Great interest was taken hers as tithe outcomo of the investigation as
McKay has resided in the Forks tor
some little timo and a general feeling of
satisfaction was expressed when it was
learned that the case was dismissed,   jjj
As to who is guilty ot robbing the
mail on this occasion is, as yet, unknown
hut there is every reason to believe
thut the authorities still huve the mat
ter in hand and may yet bring the high*
waytunu to justice.
Mr. McCallum Advises  Investigation
Before Signing Petitions.
[We arc in no way responsible for the views
ol Borri   i on dents.]
To tho Editor Grand Forks Miner—
Dear Sir. In your issue of January ill,
I was very much surprised lo read an
article bonded ">ign lhe I*etition."J
In the petition in question tho legislature in requested not to grant the
franchise now being applied tor by the
Casade Water. Power-St Light Company
on the Kroiiinl thut l'i"'  ipany is not
in a position to make use of the franchise
if granted, and further because the
Grand Forks Townsite ton; puny would
thereby bo prevented from using the
water power in quebtion, which, acord-
to the potileon, it is capable of doing.
Now, sir, |et me ask, would it not be
well, before blindly signing any Buch
petition—and thereby endorsing statements which are certainly ''pen to refutation —to make enquiries of a practical
nature. FirBl as to the capital and
financial backing of the Cascade Wator,
Powor & Light Company and secondly
as to thoBo of tho Grand Forks Townsite
Who are the Grand Forks Townsite
According!) tho 11. C. Gazette that
company consists al present of Mr.
Chas. Oummingsi of Grand Forks,
Henry Croft, of Rossland, tod Edward
H. Kane, of Trail. lho company's head
otSco is at Rossland, and not at Grand
Forks, and its capital stock la i?20,000.
With this small capital tho company
proposes, amongst other small items, to
run hotels, boarding houses, stores and
trading posts, to build trails, roadways,
tramways, railways, canals, reeorvorg,
water coursc3, bridges, aqueducts,
wharves, furnaces, saw-milis, crushing
works, smelting works, hydraulic works,
factories, tele-phono and telegraph lines,
gas works, water works and electric
works. Would it not bo woll before
signing the petition to lind out what
property in Grand Forks or elsewhere is
owned by this enterprising company and
who aro its real backers.
I nm of the opinion that it would be
unwise and not in tho best interests of
tha peoplo to grant such widuly ex
tended privileges to any company under
any circumstances.
Tho Cascade Water,  Tower & Light
Company should not hnyo any right  in
or   control   over   waters ouibiui, or tim
vicinity of their own townsite, say a dis
tanco along Kettle River not to exceed
two miles.   The Grand Forks   townsite
Company should bo limited in the same
manner to the distance over whicli they
may   claim   any   particular   or  special
right ot the rivor and as a fair business
precaution tho company acquiring such
an   important aud val mblo   franchise
should bo tirst require i to give  reliable
guurautue that the work set forth iu the
Act incorporating the company should
bo   commence1,    within   a    reasonable
specified time and continued to com pie
tion within a definite lixed term; and in
the event of failure to comply with the
obligations incurred under tho Act then
that   all   thoir   rights   and    privileges
should cease,   No company should have
such unlimited powers as to prevent or
to be the means of keeping   those  valuable rights from boing utilized by some
other parties who might be pr pai id to
proceed with that or some other class of
industry which would be advo itageous
to tho people an.1, for which the same
power might be required.
In conclusion I would say be cavoful
about signing the petition until you ure
sure that the public interests are th ;r
oughly safe-guarded, and thai you can
only bo certain of after seeing lhe proposed Act.
Peter T. MoCaixbm, J. P.
We wish to   thank  our friends and
neighbors for the  assistance   and sym-
padty which they eo freely tendered us
in tho hour of our late bereavement.
Chas, O. Emmert,
Lydia Emmert.
Bids for the construction of the Mid-
way irlgatlng ditch wore opened lust
woek, but aa yet we have not learned
who the successful competor was.
This ditch is ono ol the beet pieces ot
engineering in tho district, it commences near what is known as Jolly Jack's
cabin and extends tor fully il'i miles
down tho valley, it will practically irrigate over three miles of lino bottom
At one point in this ditch sufficient
powor could bo obtained to generate
electricity to run a dyanrao to supply
electric light for the town, which will
likely be used within the next year.
The Midway Town-site Company is
composed of a syndicato ot Montreal's
most prominent business men who
are notod for their push and business
tact and as they havo secured the sor-
vices of Mr. A. K. Stuart to act as their
representative in Midway, there is
every reason to believe that they will
bo successful in thoir undertakings as
Mr. Stuart is an old timer in this boc-
tion and consequently is throughly
posted SB regards the country's requirements. RUN BY A SINGLE WIRE
A Peculiar Race siill Found In Germany.
i*^j».r  Pole*,  Lola   Wi-IkIiI   o<  Wir«
tnt% (.renter gtrenfftb Are Some
.ii  tli«* A,l* iintimi's Claimed.
A new trolley system by which tbe ears
of a double track road draw the current
from a .single wire has just been Invented
by :i Deliver man.
This Invention, In addition to being
cheaper in construction than the double
wire .system, has the advantage of requiring only about one-half the usual num-
i" r of pules—which, from an artistic us
well us a business point of view, is au
Important consideration.
Instead of being strung directly over
tbe center of oaoh track, like the wires
of the ordinary trolley system, the single
feed wire is suspended above and dli tly
between the two trucks, it differs in
shape from the old style wire In being
broad und Hat, more like metal tape.
The miinner In which the electric current
Is taken from the feed wire and carried
to lhe cars Is, however, the most noticeable characteristic of the new scheme.
Tlio familiar long Irolley pole, with Its
nerve-racking traveler, Is not used, but
ln Its place there projects from the top
of the car un upright, llrinly secured ln
position. Projecting ut right angles from
this is a long metal rod bent in the form
of a U. Both ends of this rod are attached to the upright, while the closed
cud of the U strikes the feed wire; and i.s
lhe car moves along It retains thut position, receiving tlie current and transmitting It to the upright, from which It passes to the motor beneath the car ln the
usual manner.
The comparatively few poles that are
required to support this single feed wire
ure placed in diagonal positions on opposite sides of the street. They are spaced
2110 feet apart, and the wires which sui
port the feed wire are strung upon them
in a zigzag line. With wires so arranged
It Is claimed thut the strain on tho poles
is reduced one-half, while the lateral pull
Is a balanced one. The weight is also reduced one-half, In consequence of whicli
much lighter poles can be used.
As the current is taken from the side of
the wire instead of from beneath, the
trolleys of curs on the different tracks
do not interfere with each oilier. It is
further claimed that a much higher speed
can be obtained by this system than by
the old method, as there Is absolutely
no way ln which the trolley can get off
the wires, unless some part of the apparatus breaks—until the motorman re-
-leases a spring In lhe top of the car
above his head and allows the trolley to
swing buck over Die ear.
The experiments thus far made with
the single wire have proved very sue.
cessful, and a number of western lines
are said to be seriously considering tbe
advisability  of adopting  It.
Seven  Pensioners   \\ i,,.*,-. iii,*.i,nn,i*.
Served Under WiiHlkl.lKton.
"Seven women are still drawing pensions as the widows uf men who saw active service in the war of the Revolution:
women whose husbands served under
Washington more than a hundred and
twenty years ugo," writes Clifford Howard ln tho February Ladles' Home Journal. "The eldest of these surviving widows of the Revolution is living at Los
Angeles, California. She is Mrs. Lovey
Aldrlch, now In tho ninety-eighth year of
her age. Her husband was Private Caleb
Aldrlch, who was born in tho year 1703,
und served as a soldier boy in tho New
England campaigns of the war. Mrs
Nancy Jones, of Jonesborough, Tennes
see, whose husband was Darling Jones, a
private ln ono of the North Carolina regiments, Is the youngest of tho Revolutionary widows, being now about eighty-
three years of age. The other five are
Nancy Cloud, who is living at Chum, Virginia, and is the widow of Sergeant William Cloud, of Captain Christian's Virginia line; Esther S. Damon, of Plymouth
Union, Vermont, whose husband was Private Noah Damon, of Massachusetts;
Mary Snead, living at Parksley, Virginia,
widow ot Private Bowdoin Snead; Nancy
A. Weatherman, who lives at Elk Mills,
Tennessee, und whose first husband was
Robert Glascock, a flfer In one of the Virginia regiments, and Rebecca Mayo, living at Newborn, Virginia, widow of Stephen Mayo, a soldier of Virginia. That
these women can be the widows of Revolutionary soldiers Is readily understood in
view of tho fact that their husbands were
well on ln years when they married.
As, for example, when Esther Sumner
married Noah Damon in the year 1S35—111-
ty-two years alter the close of the war-
she was hut twenty-one, while he was
seventy-six. The last Revolutionary
widow pensioner who was married prior
to the close of the war, and had therefore acttialy lived during Revolutionary
limes, was Nancy Serena, widow of Daniel F. IJukeman. She died about twenty-
seven years ago, only a year or two after her husband, who was the last of tho
Revolutionary soldiers on tho pension
Hired    for   (lie    OccnHlnn.
"Just see that young fellow piunging
through the solid crowd of shoppers! Who
Is Hunt tall woman following so closely
behind him?"
"Thai's Mrs. Skaggs and the young man
Is her nephew. Sho hires him to go shopping with her. He's the half-back ln
the college football team. Whew! See
him break through the line!"—Cleveland
Plain Dealer.
Snffleiently annulled.
"I can't sec why you girls all take such a
dllght In listening to Hint Englishman. Is
there any high originality about him?"
"No," said the girl with the liquid eyes and
the solid bank account, "nothing t,i,t htffh
And the aueruloua plebeian retired abashed
Into the tenebrous recesses of obscurity.—Cincinnati Enuutrer.
"Young man," said a wealthy city man
to his spendthrift nephew, "I laid the first
foundation of my fortune by saving cab-
"I didn't know you ever drove one,
uncle," remarked the youth.—Tit-Bits.
Mr. H.—I wonder why love and war are
so frequently associated ln proverbs?"
Miss W.—I suppose it Is because engagements are common to both.-—Boston
Charles de Kay, consul general to Berlin, Is the author of a paper entitled "An
Inland Venice" in the February Century.
II describes the picturesque scenes in the
Serbian Swamp, Uermuny, und the peculiar manners and customs of the Vends,
a remnant of which race still makes Its
Iciiie there. Mr. de Kay says: As a rule,
the older women wear white headgear,
at least Hie big square kerchief that falls
lu the shoulders Is white, while with tbe
girls this tipper part Is colored like the'
tulip beds of Haarlem. But on Trinity
Sunday they wear the plyachzlshka: All
Is white on head und shoulders, while
the gown, the wuhnjanka, Is black. Then
Is the uld church at Burg a sight thut
recalls Brittany. The men for the most
part are In lhe galleries. Almost tho entire lloor of the church is filled with seated women, their starched caps, as white
ns white can be, having the effect of stlf-
fl ned windrows of snow.
But on uther Sundays the young women appear In all their llnery. Many ot
them enter lhe village barefoot, and put
their shoes and stockings on just before
assembling In tront of the church. The
men gather in one group, the women in
another. As a gentle reminder of the uncertainty of life, the first thing one sees
In the vestibule of the church Is u pair
of coffin-rests, past which the people
troop to their German prayers and Vend-
Ish sermon. After tho services u baptism
may be held, when the godmothers
(kmotra) are expected to appear In a special kind of white cap very diilleult to
describe. When the baptism is over tho
party adjourns to a tavern, and the dresses und caps are duly criticised or admired,
and tho proud parents are expected to
do tho handsome thing by the friends and
godparents. Godfathers and godmother!.
are also given a present of money, but
not a round sum, that is unlucky—always
a little over.
Child  1.,'tl   Alone.
Tho child must not lie left alone; at
least a bird or beast must be left with It
to bailie evil spirits. The elder godmother curries the child to the church, the
younger from the sanctuary. But before
they re-enter the home somo one lays
symbolical tools across the threshold over
which the baptismal party must pass.
For a'boy It may be an axe and a hoe;
for a girl a spinning wheel and a broom,
As she steps across, the younger godmother, bearing the child In her arms,
says aloud, "We carried away a heathen,
and bring back a Christian with the proper name of John (or Mary)." In some
villages children are named after a fixed
order us they are born, and if tlie baby
dies the now child is given its name.
Thus ln Schlelfa it is customary to give
boys names In the following order: Han-
zo, Matthes, Juro, Kito, Morten, Lobo,
and to girls, Maria, Ana, Madlcna, Liza,
Khrysta, Wortija, Worsulu.
Next to a baptismal procession a wedding party Is the jolllest sight on Spree-
wald fltesses, since every one is naturally
decked In his or her best, and the men
carry staves bound with bright ribbons,
said to be a survival of the swords of an
earlier period when the bride was carried
off moro or less by force, or at least
wilh a show of violence. Kozol, the bagpipes, still survive in some parts of the
forest. The bridegroom, preceded by his
druzbn. or best man, a fiddler, and a bagpiper, and followed by his friends, knocks
loudly at the door of the bride, and on
beiiiL- adniil.t-"* dom-tuos tne young woman with great show of wrath, only to
receive, Instead of tho bride, an old maid,
who has a hump on her back. The men
strike her on the hump, which soon
breaks, since It Is an old cooking pot,
and drive her back into the house.
Peculiar Png*lin  Itiles.
Then the bridesmaid, or druzka, Is given up; but she also is compelled to flee
into the house. Finally the bride herself
is handed to the best man, who places
her beside the groom, whereupon tho couple turn about three times, a peculiar
pagan rite known formerly to Ireland and
Scotland, and the whole party enters the
house to breakfast. The Turkish and
Finnish tribes of Asia have similar customs of teasing the groom and his best
man before surrendering the bride. At
the wedding both must have money ln
their shoes, or they will always be poor.
On the return from tho wedding a newly
bought pot filled with milk and beer Is
sent to meet the couple; as soon as they
have drunk, the druzba seizes the pot
and dashes It to pieces
On reaching her now home, tho bride
must feed all the animals. At tho wedding feast neither groom und bride nor
bestman and woman must rise from the
table under any pretext whatever until
dancing begins in the evening at the tav-
Ills Sana- "Walt  for (lie  ttnuiii, and
We'll Al Take a Hide."
Samuel W. Stone, author of the song
and words "Walt for the Wagon and
We'll all lake a ride," died at Topeka,
Ivan., the other day, aged 84 years. He
had been a resident of Kansas 2N years,
and owned a music store In Topeku. Mr.
Stone often talked about his composition.
At lirst he did not think II amounted to
much, but when a bund came to his
home one night nnd played It ho was
charmed with  the music.
Perfectly  True.
Seeker—There goeH on* of our gallant old
pensioners. I have a great admiration for men
of his heroic mold. They tell me he had three
horses shot under him during lhe late war.
Sageman—That's a fnct.
Seeker-Then you know It to lie absolutely
true,  do you?
Sageman—Indeed I do; he was living over
a livery stable durlnir tlie entire period of the
war.—Boston Courier.
There  Are  Others.
Mrs. Meeks—Of course I am worried. As a
iliiliful wife 1 can't help feeling so, for I am
sure that my husband Ih keeping something
from me. anil I shan't be content until I know
what  It   Is.
Mrs. Freak—My husband Is keeping something from me, too, and I am worried because
I  know what It Is.
Mrs. Meeks—Indeed!   What Is It?
Mrs.  Freak—It's money.—Boston Courier.
Fiery   Anjrer.
The boy whose business It was to answer the
telephone rustled Into tho room of the senior
nut tner.
"Just got a message saying that your house
was on Are," he said.
"Dear me!" returned the senior partner ln
a bewildered sort of way. "I knew my wife
was pretty hot about something when I left
home this morning, but I didn't think It was
so  bad   as  all  that."—Chicago  Post.
Chinese Women ln Sydney.
Chinese women ln Sydney are cheap. One can
he had for $100 and two for $100, delivered
ln good condition. As It Is cheaper to deliver
two than one they are imported ln couoles.
When they arrive the best one Is sold for $100
and the other Is put up at private auction and
brings what ahe may.
Interesting   Kerns   for   Wngre-AVork-
i'1's Gathered From All Ports of
(he Country.
The enthusiasm over Debs' visit to Colorado continues unbounded. The Lead-
vide Miner, a dally paper and the official
organ of the Western Federation of Miners, concludes a glowing sketch as follows: "The labor movement in America
I.s gathering momentum for a tremendous
forward bound. That liugeno V. D^L'-
Wl'll leud on the tidal wuve no cureful observer can duubt. Ho alone, of all the
possible personages about which the
movement can crystallze, possesses the
elements of leadership combined with '.he
absolute confidence of the people. Endowed by generous nature with the brain
of a general and the eloquence of an
orator, and Imbued with a burning sense
of the people's wrongs, Eubene V. Dubs
Is destined to rise to the position of one
of the most striking and remarkable figures in American history." Debs was escorted about the streets of Leadvllle by
a procession, composed of all the unions
in the city, at the head of which was carried a largo banner containing his picture and also these words: "Our Leader,
E. V.  Debs."
Theodore Roosevelt, the groat I-am police commissioner of New York, is said
to havo contracted a bitter hatred for
organized labor and considers-It, almost a
crime for a. man to belong to a union.
Lately he called the police captains into a
conference and predicted that large
strikes, riots and bloodshed would soon
take place, and the officers were warned
to be on their guard. Roosevelt's interviews with newspaper men and Ills insulting letters to strikers who complained of the partiality shown to employers
by the police whenever trouble has occurred have served to create an equally
bitter feeling among the trades unionists,
and it is more than probable that there
will he some interesting developments in
New York before long.
A cablegram from Berlin announces
that Emperor William has decided, after
conferring with a number of military
loafers to once more combat socialism
with repressive measures, having come
to the conclusion that his conciliatory
policy toward radical worklngmen was
of no avail in turning the tide that has
set ln against kingcraft and capitalistic
oppression. It is stated that all of old
Bismarck's tactics are to be resurrected
and brought into service, together with
such other plans us the empuror and his
class can hatch. It is not known what
the conceited boss of Germany will attempt after having smashed socialism.
Probably ho will try to change the ocean
currents or tho seasons of tho year.
It is stated that the German bovern-
ment, becoming alarmed at the tremend.
ous growth of socialism as evidenced by
recent special elections, secretly ordered
a police census taken of political preferment throughout the empire. It has
leaked out that the result of the count
shows that if n.n election was held nt
onco the socialists would poll no less
than 2,700,000 votes, which would mean
an increase of nearly a millon votes over
the general elections of 1S1I3. No won
dor William Is getting scared und favors
That plutocratic body known us the
United States supreme court, always on
the side of capitalists and opposed to
labor, has made another Dred Scott de.
clslon. Seamen who leave a ship against
tho will of their masters, if captured in
any part of the United States, can be
brought back in Irons, if necessary, and
be forced to work. That leaves them in
a worse condition than were the negro
slaves of the south, and If tho soumen
do not revolt against such barbarism
they deserve to be put on auction blocks.
The Rothschilds have bought over 100
silver mining claims in a single district
ln New Mexico. They also have claims
In Utah, and a week or two ago acquired
some of the richest mining property in
Colorado. Their agents are always on
the lookout for the best mines. It would
not create much surprise to learn that
the great money loaners were being "converted" to bimetallism.
The election of Colonel Harris to succeed Senator Peffer seems to please all
factions in Kansas. The Star and Kan-
sun hints that Harris is studying social-
Ism, and that he Is just the man who will
fearlessly champion that he may enlist
In. J. C. Buchanan of the Pittsburg
Kansan, was defeated by a man named
Parks for state printer.
Thomas J. Morgan, tho well known
Chicago socialist, on Invitation, addressed the students of the Chicago university,
notorious us a plutocratic Institution.
Morgan did not forget to Inform the students that the progressives ln tho great
outside world holds the university and Us
doctrines ln contempt.
Clgarmakers' union No. 384, Chicago,
has dropped out of the advisory board, a
craft central body, because the latter organization endorsed a democratic politician for office. No. ,184 will probably secede from the International union and Join
the socialist alliance.
Tho Phillips bill, to create a national
labor commission, will not pass this session of congress. So John Sherman writes
to a prominent Ohio agitator who has
been lighting the bill hard on the ground
that It would create soft snaps for labor
August McCralth, ex-secretary of the
A. F. of L., says he Is now prepared to
prove that President Gompers did hold
conferences with the silver leaders previous to tho election, and he intimate.*!
that he will hurl a bomb In duo time
Tho brotherhood of tho co-opcratlvc
commonwealth has been offered land for
colony purposes in Arkansas, Georgia,
Massachusetts, Kansas, Arizona, Colorado, California Florida and Washington.
No offer has been accepted as yet.
Clgarmakers won 30 strikes, compromised 15 and lost G during the last yoar.
The scale of wages and hours was generally maintained, although tho unemployed  number has Increased.
A Fabian socialist society has been organized by Milwaukee radicals. Professor Ely, Henry D. Lloyd and other prominent reformers have been engaged to deliver lectures.
The British miners' federation has declared for nationalization of railroads,
land and mines. Now let someone else
say tha Btrltlsh unionists are not tn politics.
Tho cold   weather  has  brought  groat
distress to the poor all over the country.
Charity is the favorite method of relieving those who have been robbed.
Herr Most is said to bo planning to
establish an anarchist colony for the
purpose of proving to the world that the
theory of anarchy Is practical.
City council of Erie Pa., resolved that
In the future all city printing must bear
the union label. The mayor will sign the
Tlie British seamen are organizing
with great rapidity. All local strikes are
for beter conditions Is anticipated.
Kelly Axe Co., Alexandria, Ind., posted
the following notice: "This is an independent factory. No union men employed".
The Socialist is the name of a handsome little weekly started at Wllllanis-
port, Pa.    It is chock full of news.
Rev. W. D. 1'. Bliss, the radical Boston
preacher, is out in Colorado lecturing un
St. Paul has a new labor paper, the
Union Advocate. It Inclines lo radical-
Ism anil is well gotten  up.
An election Is about lo be held In Australia.   There Is no universal suffrage.
The American seamen are demanding
remedial legislation from congress.
The Labor Record, a dally labor paper,
has been sarted at Elwood, Ind.
Some of the St. Louis agitators want
the city to build a labor lyceum.
Soclullsts at Sacramento, Cal.„ organized a section. They may publish a paper.
Cincinnati now boasts of a hustling
ladies' label league.
Machinists report having won 15 and
lost 2 strikes lust year.
Los Angeles, Cal., will have a co-operative shoe factory.
French socialists of New York will
start a weekly paper.
Printing pressmen Issued four charters
Inst month.
At a special election nt Davenport,
Iowa, the socialists polled 140 votes out of
a total of G0OO.    Pops put up no ticket.
James A. Heme, the actor, says that
the single tax doctrine Is rapidly spreading among tne ineaincai people. It Is
claimed that nearly every company on
the road has adisciple of two of Henry
George who agitates against landlordism.
Graham Wallas, a leading social and
political reformer in Great Britain, author of a number of valuable essays and
one of the Fabian socialists, arrived in
New York a few weeks ago. He will lee
lure ln this country on a number of In
foresting subjects. Professor Wallas
comes here on Invitation of the Univer
sity Extension Society of Philadelphia.
Lust week's Caucasian of Raleigh, N.
C, Senator Butler's paper, talked in
double heads, capital letters, small capital
letters and Italics on account of Senator
Prltchard's re-election and the triumph
of 'Uhe combine of rascality." Twenly
populist legislators bolted to the repub
licans and have been excommunicated by
Butler and the 40 who remained in the
road. And from far-off Georgia there
comes a loud laugh of derision and sarcasm. The hilarious manifestation emu
nates from T. Watson.
Sound   Money   'rimes    Composed   by
George P. Tolton.
SIok a noug of nickels,
A pocket full of wind;
Eleven million worklngmen
And not a cent to spend.
Just before election,
When bunks were running o'er,
Worklngmen got promises
They never got before.
Just vole for Confidence
And all will he well,
And without the ready money
The country went to h—1.
McKlnley touched the button
That made the factories hum,
But for the want of money
They went to kingdom kunt
A car load of drummers
Were started on the fly,
But could not sell their goods-
People had no coin to buy.
The mills are almost closed,
The drummers are sidetracked
Because  of overconfldonce
And taking the wrong track.
Bonks are all a-bustlng
And merchants by the stack,
Confidence Is now a-coastlng
And business ilew the track.
Money makes the mnro go,
McKlnley'll find It out,
Confidence for election gas
But cash to run her stout.
International agroen -nt
Is trying for the fence,
But before they get It over
John Bull will leurn 'em sons*.
We'll ne'or be Independent
"Till we make our own laws;
If we wait much longer
We'll be In the lions jaws.
"I have a good father," said tho young
man, "one who, I am sure, always tried
to do his duty. I have only one thing
with which to reproach him."
"What le that?"
"Human nature Is human nature, and
I must take It for granted that he ts no
exception to a universal rule. I don't
think I can ever forgive him for the manner in which he used to go around and
bore his friends with the smart things I
said when I was a baby."—Washington
The Flat Dweller A u it in.
Ab they retired for the night she said to
"The janitor Is going to take n day ofT tomorrow, and he sent up word that we must
get up at 4 o'clock, so he can deliver the coal
And tho flat-dweller, long used to oppression,
only asked  timidly:
Did you  ask him If we might go to bed
Written by a Man.
Edwin—How do you know that It was a man
that wrote the novel?
Helen—Because the story takes you over a
space of 10 years and the heroine never changes
her dross but once.—Pearson's Weekly.
Burveyorn Are Now Out on tbe Pro-
poNcil   Line mid Are AnUIiiu-
IImI*.   (or  Ti<-M.
Regarding the rumored building of the
Burlington extension, Ibe Anaconda
Standard correspondent at Great Falls
has been shown a letter from one of the
largest railroad contractors in the west,
written to his sun, which is as encouraging as the most sanguine friends of Great
Falls could wish. 'The name of the writer
is withheld by request, but It Is sufficient
lo say that he is a man who has followed
lhe building of lhe Burlington roud for
years, and amassed a fortune In doing so.
He says in pari: "1 have been lo Chicago, and the Burlington officials assure
me that as soon us weather allows, they
will build from Huntley tu Great Falls."
Mure than this, a gentleman connected
with one of Montana's railroads In speaking of the above letter said: "The Burlington will ln all probability build the
Great Falls extension this coming season.
Starting from Huntley, the present terminus, up the Musselshell river through
Judith and into Great Fulls, from here
they will probably Join hands with the
Great Falls & Canada line from Great
Falls into Canada. The Canadian Pacific,
the Burlington und the Canada & Great
Falls lines have each lobbies at Ottawa,
endeavoring to secure the right through
the Crow's Nest pass. In this matter the
Burlington and Canada & Great Falls
people are working together and ln lhe
event of securing the coveted right will
make the track of the latter from Great
Falls to Shelby Junction standard gauge,
and the line from tlie junction would pass
through Crow's Nest pass and into the
Rossland country. This would give the
Burlington access to the rich mineral
region of that district and give them
practically the enti.e live stock and wool
trade of northern Montana, besides being
an outlet to the coast whenever it became
necessary. At present Sir E. T. Gait,
president of the Great Falls & Canada
line, is at Ottawa, as are prominent Burlington people, und much will of course
depend upon securing the Crow's Nest
outlet. The Burlington people have surveyors out now on the proposed line and
are asking for bids for furnishing 100,000
ties tlie coming summer. From the present outlook and from what I know in the
matter, 1 have no hesitation in saying
that work will be commenced on the proposed line before the lirst day of April
and that Great Falls will see the Burlington rails laid before the next snow
John   D.   Hoekefeller'H   TriuiNUetloi.
With (be n.-ipti-i Tabernacle.
Justice Pryor has rendered a decision
in New York City, dismissing the suit of
the Baptist tabernacle church against
John D. Rockefeller to compel the specific
performance of an alleged contract, by
the terms of which Mr. Rockefeller was
to deposit $50,000 worth of five per cent
interest bonds with a trustee, the interest
to be applied for the benefit of the
The bonds were deposited by Mr. Rockefeller as required, but after they had
paid interest for 18 months the railroad
company which issued them defaulted in
the Interest and since then the church
has received nothing.
Rev. Dr. Daniel C. Potter, representing
the church, sued to compel Mr. Rockefeller io pay about $0000 interest on tho
bonds, and to make good the alleged
agreement to deposit the live per cent Interest bonds.
In dismissing lhe suit Justice Pryor
holds thai lu substance und effect the
transaction between Rockefeller and ihe
church was a gratuity, und as such was
not the subject of a suit for specific performance; that the church did mil prove
that there was a contract between It and
Mr. Roekcfclcr for an annuity; Unit Mr.
Rockefeller was not personally responsible for a deficit In the Income of tho
bonds, and that whatever obligations Hr.
Rockefeller Incurred in favor of tho
church he fully dlschurged by the deposit of the bonds.
This   Ih   No  Joke.
Willie—Pa, what Is meant by a comatose
Pa—Well, if you're a New Yorker, It means
every other state in the Union.—Philadelphia
Two Men Are Injured and Properly
is Diimiig-ed in Pennsylvania.
Two thousand pounds of dynamite exploded at the Crystal Ridge colliery, near
Hazleton, Pa., late last night. Three supply houses were demolished, the side of
the breaker torn out and the engine house
destroyed. Watchman Rlckcrt and Engineer Young were buried in the debris, Ihe
former being fatally Injured. The explosion is said to have been the work of
Spokane Falls & Northern
Nelson & Fort Sheppard,
Red Mountain Railways.
Leave. Arrive.
7:00 a. m Spokane 7:00 p. m.
10:30 a. m Rossland 3:25 p. m.
9:00 a. m Nelson 5:20 p. m.
Close connections at Nelson with steamers for Kaslo and all Kootenay Lake
Passengers for Kettlo River and Boundary Creek connect at Marcus with stage
Kettle River Stage Line.
G. W. WILLIAMS, Manager.
: : :FROM : : :
Marcus to Grand Forks, Greenwood, Anaconda,
Boundary Falls and Midway, B. G,
And all Points on the Reservation.
Stages Leave Marcus on the Arrival of the Train.
Leave  Grand  Forks , 4-00 a. m.
Arrive Grand Forks 9:00 p. m.
Leave Marcus 12 m!
Arrive Marcus  .'....'..'li'tOO a, m.
Boundary Hotel
First Class Accommodation, Good  Stabling,   Terminus ot
Stage Line Lrom Marcus Washington.
McAULEY & LUNDY,   -   -   -   -   Proorietors
Financial, : Mining : and : Real : Estate : Agents,
Investors Shown Claims by
m experienced man.
A Large List of Good Claims for Sale on Our Hands
C. A. Jones,
"...111 House and Carriage Painting,
Plain and Decorative Paper
ihi Hanging,   Kalsomin-ng, Etc.
Grand Forks and Greenwood City, B. C.
Prospector's : Livery, : Feed : and : Sale : Stables
Livery Teams,
Saddle and Pack Horses,
Ladies Saddle Horses.
<*■ V
Teaming of all Kinds a Specialty.
riii'  Donor Never Thougrht   Much   of
llandienp Prises/Thouffh They
May He tittered ting.
The golfers of the Portland Golf Club
arc In great luck. Thoy will soon have
two handsome gold medals and a prize
cup to compete for, in their championship.
One medal, to he known as the lily th
medal, and played for semi-annually in
scratch tournaments, Is coming all the
w;iy from Scotland, the home of golf,
says the Oregonian. It has been generously put up by Edward L. Blyth of Edinburgh, an old golfer, and the father of P.
II. Blyth of Portland. Mr. Blyth of Kdin-
burg, Is a 40-years veteran of the links,
and he -has obtained so much pleasure
out of the ancient game that it Is a pleasure for him to take this means of encouraging interest in the sport in the, to
him, far-away northwest of the United
States. The other medal has been put
up Donald Macleay, who greatly encouraged the development of the game ln
Portland by putting up the ftrsa medal—
which was recently won by Allan A.
Wright. The second Macleay medal will
be for the ladies' championship, to be
competed for under similar conditions to
those governing the handicaps played for
the first Macleay medal. The silver cup
will take the place of the handicap medal
recently won, and will he played for at
the regular monthly handicap tournament.
With this sudden wealth of prizes, golfing promises to take on a great impetus
during the coming spring. Of course, the
Blyth medal championship will absorb
the interest of the golfers, but as it will
be a scratch competition, and only played
for twice a year, it is not likely to detract
from the interest of the monthly handicaps. The medal Itself will remain a perpetual trophy, and the semi-annual winners will be awarded a replica.
it is scarcely an exaggeration to say
that hereafter it will be the height of
every golfer's ambition to win the Blyth
Mr. .Myth's Intercut.
It is through R, Livingstone, president
of the Portland Golf club, that Mr. Blyth
became interested in the club. Mr. Livingstone and Mr. Blyth arc old friends,
and Mr. Livingstone has written him
glowing accounts of the Interest taken in
the game out here on the north Pacific
coast. Mr. Livingstone has just received
an interesting letter from his friend tn
Edinburgh, a part of which follows, and
explains itse-u.. In his letter to Mr. Livingstone Mr.  Blyth writes:
"I don't know whether it was the
acuteness of the American, or the frankness of uie canny Scotchman which suggested to you the happy thought of fining
one for being an old golfer, but from the
point of view of the Portland Golf club
it seems quite a good and useful idea.
Well, not to keep you in suspense, I will
present your club with a Blyth gold
medal, and if any one asks how it came
about you can say a little judicious flattery on the part of a translated Scot to
one who has always had his home In the
native land was all that was required.
"I have been interested in golf in East
Lothian for 40 years, but it is 64% years
since I learned the game to which I am
Indebted for tho pleasant days, healthy
exercise and much good companionship,
though alas! very few who began with
me are on this side, but have joined the
great majority. I am truly glad that the
noblo game has taken such a hold in
America. It forms another link in that
noble chain of brotherhood so happily
forwarded by the recent treaty to settle
differences by arbitration and not by
Scratch Medal.
"I have chosen a medal, as the very
name is associated from our school days
with supremacy. I think there are other
associations with a cup. Then, I suppose it shall bo a scratch medal, that is
to say, for the best actual score. I never
thought much of handicap prizes, though
they may bo interesting to inferior players, but the prize in a handicap match
never should be a medal. I shall get
it made here, as being appropriate that
it should come from Scotland. It Is usually on this side that the holder of the
medal gets a small replica of it about the
size of a florin, and I think it well that
the winner should have something all his
lifo to show for his success. I shall
have the medal put In hand, but you can
play for it any time on the faith that it
will bo forthcoming."
Mr. Blyth concludes wishing all success
to the Portland Golf Club. The Blyth
medal will give the scratch men of the
club something to play for hereafter. Up
to the present time they have not had
much chance ln the handicaps, owing to
the big allowances given the handicap
men. Among tho best players in the
club at present are Percy H. Blyth, H.
M-ltler, It. Livingstone and S. G. Bowloy.
Others arc improving rapidly and probably will soon made the scratch competitions interesting for the four players
To Which  Attention  of the Psychl-
rnl  Research Society Ih  Directed.
So Nice.
"All little girls," said the caller, "should
have some kind of light work for their
leisure hours. Of course you do something In that way, Susie?"
. "That's especially  nice.    So  few  children knit nowadays."—Detroit Free Press.
Too  Horrid.
"I think that Is just too horrid for anything,"
nahl Maud. "Here I've been looking over the
side Of the vessel for half an hour and can't
see It."
"Can't see what, my dear?"  asked Iluhy.
"Why, the equator. The captain said wo
wore crossing it."—Tlt-Blts.
Hoped Not.
Bob—"Where did you get that necktie?"
Billy—"My  wife gave it  to  me  to  remember her by."
"Goodness!    She's not as ugly as that,
is she?"—Yonkers  Statesman.
Looked SuhiiIcIoun.
Gentleman (taking apartments)—"I assure you, madam, I never left a lodging
but my landlady shed tears."
Landaldy—"I hope, sir, that It was not
that you went away without paying."—
A Dublin correspondent gives the following ghost stor>. The attention of the
Psychical Research Society might well
be directed, he says to this city at the
present time: "A lady, well known in
Dublin society, the wife of one of the
leading members in the choir In St. Put-
rick's cathedral, who is a constant attendant at the services, perceived iu one of
the stalls the dim outlines of a man's
form, gradually becoming more distinct,
in a sitting posture. The face and form
were at once recognized by her as those
of one of the clergy of the cathedral who
was greatly beloved and respected, and
whose death plunged the Protestant community uf Dublin Into mourning four
years ago. The lady's experience, of the
reality of which she is quite convinced,
might perhaps be attributed to an optical
Illusion or to an unaccountable freak of
the imagination, wore it not that the appearance of the dead dignitary has presented itself on several occasions to members of the staff of the cathedral. These
appearances have been chiefly seen in
the lady chapel of the cathedral, where
Special services, In which he took the
keenest delight, were held by this clergyman for the poor of the surrounding
neighborhood. He was an enthusiastic
lover of St. Patrick's, and his residence
for some years adjoined the cathedral,
lie was accustomed to play the organ in
the cathedral late at night by himself,
and to ascend the tower for the purpose
of taking astronomical observations.
"The Interest created in these apparitions," says the correspondent, leading up
to another ghost story, "is intensified by
the circumstance that the gentleman
whose spirit is supposed to be seen was
himself a convinced believer in supernatural appearances. He resided for rhe
last years of his life In a suburb of
Dublin, and changed his residence, an
ancient building near the cathedral, owing to his belief that noises heard by
every member of the household, himself
included, the cause of which he sought In
vain to discover, were distinctly supernatural. These noises, which were heard,
as a rule, on quiet nights, resembled the
sounds of a person walking in slippers
and shuffling his feet along the floor.
They proceeded from a room In an upper part of the house. The noises Instantly ceased when any one entered the
room and commenced immediately upon
Ids departure. This room forms part of a
public library. The late dignitary's first
knowledge of the mystery surrounding
this house came when, on returning
home late at night, he found his household had not retired, but were all up, in
the greatest excitement, in the belief that
some one had been locked into the library."
I Farm, Orchard and Range*    !
1 «<***>e^-&***>w<&***^^
Pun Mu Lns Club Holds ItN Lust High
.Jinks for the Season.
The Pas Ma Las Club gave its last social for the season last night, and its
many enjoyable social gatherings of the
months past are to remain but a memory.
At the rooms of the club there was gathered last evening every member and
many of the friends of the club to meet
in pleasure as an organization for the
last time for many weeks to come. While
all did their best to make the occasion
as merry as possible, there was a shade
of sadness in all the pastimes Indulged in,
and thero was not one present who did
not deeply regret the passing of the club
that has stood a center about which were
clustered true lovers of social enjoyment.
The evening was passed In singing,
speech-making and social intercourse,
and only long after midnight had come
and gone did the members depart. Early
In the evening refreshments wero served,
and all enjoyed the sumptuous supper
that had been prepared for them. A number of the stars of the local theaters were
In attendance and tendered their services
to make tho last gathering of the club
one to be long remembered.
Over 100 were present, comprising the
members and guests of the club. When
the last feature of the program had been
rendered, Hoppe's orchestra, which furnished the music for the occasion, struck
up a final overture, "Farewell," the members and guests gradually thinned out.
The following program was rendered:
Opening overture, "Two Step," Lamp;
Irish songs, T. M. Beddleson; overture,
characteristic, "Black Boys' Frolic,"
Pavell; song, Mr. Sturat; musical, "Gay
New York," Moses; W. King, Instrumental solo; musical, two step, "A. O.
U. W.," Reeves; song, Mr. Hanley; waltz,
"Andalusia," Thiere; song,, Miss Hattie
Ward; recitation, Frank Armstrong;
musical, polka, "Little Sweetheart," To-
banl; German song, Prof. Herbrush; two
step, "Belle of the Season," Bratton;
songs, II. DcLuin; song, Slade Murray;
speech, Fred Woods; musical, "Chinese
Patrol, LI Hung Chang," Fischer; buck
dancing, F. Brown; song, Miss Lulu
Watts; song, Frank Armstrong; duet,
the Misses Chandler and McPherson;
dancing, Emma Bell; song, Fred WInans;
musical, medley, "A Jolly Night," De
Witt; song. H. DeLain; song, Fred
Brown; stories, W. Ryan; musical, two
step, "Black America," Ziekel; musical,
"Uncle Eph," Johnson; snare drums, L.
C. Kich; songs, Stella Claire; song, "I'd
GIvo Fifty Dollars If I Knew My Duly,"
H. Whitney; Irish Imitations, T. Gleason;
stories, B. H. Harris; songs, H. L. Bar-
nett; finale, overture, "Farewell."
A Gentleman.
Johnny—"Mr. Visitor, won't you have another piece of pie?"
Mr. Visitor (catching on)—"No, thanks,
won't you have another piece of pie, Johnny?"
Johnny—"You're a gentleman and a scholar.
Thank you,   I  will."—Yonkers  Statesman.
An  OIHce  Secret.
Junior Partner—"Our traveler ought to he
discharged. He told one of our customers that
I  was an   Ignorant  fool."
(Senior Partner—"I shall speak to him, and
Insist that no more oflice secrets he divulged."
—New York Trihune.
Charming Miss (to gentleman who Is about
to share seat with her)-I beg pardon, sir, but
this seat Is engaged.
Gentleman (with admiring glanco)-Indeed!
Then it is certainly entitled to my envv-
Boston Courier.
A   Judicial   StiK-KCMtion.
A lawyer Is called to the witness stand.
"My dear attorney," says the judge, "kindly forget your profession for n few moments
and  tell  tho  truth."—Flleurende Blaetter.
Whence   the   Word   Milliner   Comes.
Milliner is a corruption of "Milaner," from
Milan, which city at one time gave the fashion to Kurope in all matters of taste in women's dreaa.
Decidedly  Wronjr,
Ho—Do you think It wrong for a. man to kiss
a girl ho Is not engaged to?
She—I think it would be wrong for him lo
be engaged to all the girls he kiaaea.—New
Yeik Journal.
Her Accomplishment*..
"How many foreign languages can your
wife speak?"
"Three—French, German and tho ono
sho talks to the baby."—Tit-Bits .
Replying to the inquiry of a Wisconsin
reader as to how a cement floor for a
stable is made, tin.- Western Rural says:
A good cement floor gives satisfaction,
and in the long run is as cheap a floor
as can  be put in.
How to make a good one with Portland
cement, tbe best kind, is told by Waldo
F. Brown in the Prairie Farmer:
The best material to mix with the cement is coarse, sharp sand and finely
crushed stone; and with these materials
10 parts of stone can be used to one of
cement In the lower four inches, and
four parts of sand to one of cement in
the upper four Indies. I have been laying
more or Jess cement each year for the
past eight years, and all my floors havs
given perfect satisfaction. I have u«e*i
gravel for the concrete and have screened my sand out of the gravel, using a
sieve with one-fourth Inch meshes.
Next in Importance lo good material is
thorough mixing. In making the concrete we measure, either by counting the
shovelfuls or by using a bucket, putting
eight parts of gravel to one of cement
in a heap, then shoveling It over three
or four times so as to mix it all thoroughly. The last time we shovel it over
a third person stands with a watering
pot and sprinkles so that it will be thoroughly dampened, but not enough to drip.
We are now ready to commence laying
the floor, which we do in sections about
four feet wide, beginning at the end opposite   the  door.
For a horse stable floor we use live
inches of concrete and one Inch of topping; In the cow stable, three and one-
half inches of concrete and one-half inch
uf topping. We may stake down a scantling four or six inches wide, as the case
may be, about four feet from the wall
of the stable, and flnish this section before laying another. We first put in the
concrete an inch or two at a time and
tramp it solid with a broad faced rammer, and continue until within one or
one-half inches of the top, using a
straight edge witli a notch at each end
so that it will drop down one inch or one-
half inch, aa we desire.
When this is put in we are ready for
the finishing coat, which is made of two
parts of clean, sharp sand and one part
of cement, which is thoroughly mixed
dry, and then wet and tempered to the
same consistency as we would use in cementing a cistern; we then pour it in,
filling the mould to the top, turning our
straight edge over, notched side up, so
that it will be just full to the top. It will
be necessary to use a trowel around
the edges and In the corners.
In order to prevent horses slipping on
It we make grooves four inches apart
and something over one-half inch deep,
for a distance of about two feet at the
rear part of the stalls. These are made
by laying down a broom handle, tapping
it until it beds one-half its diameter, then
move four Inches and repeat, thus making
parallel grooves four inches apart. We
also make these grooves running the other way in front of the door where we
lead the horses in. When a section is
finished we carefully lift the stakes and
move our edge piece over and stake it,
and so continue until the floor is finished.
The Portland cement does not set as
quickly as the cheap grades, but usually
In 12 hours It is hard enough for a man
to walk over It, and for tlie next 10 days
It should be sprinkled thoroughly twice a
day; this prevents danger of cracking
and makes It harden more slowly, insuring a better job.
In a horse stable we prefer to have
the floor laid perfectly level both ways
and use absorbents to take up the liquid;
but in the cow stable, where we have a
manure ditch, the ditch six or eight inches deep and two feet wide in the bottom,
with the edges slightly sloped outward;
then a walk two feet wide back of the
ditch on the same level with the floor
on which  the cow stands.
In my stable the manger is also floored
with cement; it is made six feet wide and
the horses eat from one side and the cows
from the other, their hay and fodder
being dropped through a chute above the
manger. 1 prefer that all floors in the
basement stable should be of cement,
because, first, plank floors rot out so
quickly as to be unprofitable, and second, they always furnish a harbor for
They Eitt nn Immense Number of insects During' the Season.
Usually the farmers regard tho prairie
chickens or quail, that may seek a refuge
and breeding place about their fields, as
crop destroyers and enemies, says the
Farm, Stock and Home. They Imagine
that tho birds are on the farms for no
other purpose than to feed on the grain
and And an easy living. There could
scarcely be a greater error. These birds
ure insect eaters and destroy them in
such immense numbers that It cuts a
material figure In the yield on lands
where they take up their abode. In Australia and New Zealand it has been proved that the pheasants devote almost their
entire attention,to devouring worms and
bugs during the spring and winter
months, and that they arc naturally attracted to the cultivated fields by the
greater opportunities offered them there
to secure that sort of food. This is
thought to be of such importance that
the farmers will And It profitable to encourage the pheasants to make their
habitat In the cultivated fields. It is also
reckoned that If the birds do eat a little
grain they earn the right to it, and that
the farmer will put a good deal more
grain in his granary than he would If he
drove  the  birds off.
In the northwest the prairie chickens
and quail lake the place of the pheasants,
and will perform the same service. Despite the game wardens and the game
laws these birds are rapidly disappearing. They are being thinned to so lew a
point that the farmers will find it to
their interest to encourage them, as far
as possible, to live about the fields. This
they may do in two ways: By not disturbing the birds during the winter,
spring and summer, and hy driving all
hunters off their lands during the shooting season. The impudence and outrage
of the reckless hunters who invade our
northwestern farms should be checked. It
Is but just that the owner of the land
should have the right to regulate the
shooting thereon, and to sell the shooting rights of his flelds and decide how
many birds mny be killed. This is no
doubt quite a serious agricultural question with us, much more so than one Is
Inclined to think at first We have got
to begin to pay some attention to these
little things, and to study to gain knowledge of thousands of minor points if we
are ever to check the eternal drain thai
taps away from our farm industry all Its
profits and renders the husbandman's life
a round of ceaseless toil und small gain.
Benefit   of   Linneed   Men I.   II ran    lind
Mi .id h 11us Cor Poultry.
In addition to the foods which largely
provide the muscles and fat, us well as
that whicli warms the body, there are
certain materials which abound more
largely than others iu those substances
which arc devoted to the production of
bone, shells of eggs, etc., and they should
be used to assist in balancing the rations,
especially for laying and molting hens
and young fowls that are growing, says
the Farm and Home Among such foods
are linseed meal, bran and middlings.
There Is but a fraction over one and one-
half pounds of mineral matter (ash) in 100
pounds of corn aud wheat, but wheat
middlings contain nearly two and one-
half pounds, while linseed meal contains
about six pounds. It is not difficult to understand the advantages of using bran,
middlings and linseed meal as an addition
to the many foods which are deficient in
mineral matter. In 100 pounds of clover
hay there are about seven pounds of mineral matter, which makes the use of
clover hay for poultry In winter a matter
which should not be overlooked. The different foods also provide a variety, rendering the entire ration moro complete
and palatable, as well as more useful to
the poultryman,
To  Prevent   the  LOSS  of Moisture In
the   Soli.
The importance of tree farming in the
lands whicli, either from lack of food material in them or from location, as on
steep hillsides, are At for nothing else,
and the money to be made In it, Is being
quietly proved in hundreds of localities in
New Jersey and Pennsylvania. People
find no difficulty in understanding where
the money is in it. But that other reason
for tree planting, namely, to prevent the
loss of fertility and the loss of moisture,
is rarely apreciated even by those whose
farms arc washed away by every driving
The bulletin from the department at
Washington upon "Washed Soils" says
the forest covering protects the soil in the
following ways:
(a) By preventing rain from falling directly upon the soil, the foliage of the
tree crowns Intercepting and breaking its
force, the water reaching the soil more
gently from the leaves along the branches
and trunks of the trees.
(b) By interposing a loose cover, a
mulch of Utter, formed by the fallen
branches on leaves, which breaks the direct force of the raindrops and keeps tho
soil from being compacted or puddled by
their blows.
(c) The deeply penetrating roots and
holes left from decayed stumps and roots
of trees assist In this underground uruiM-
(d) The litter with the stumps and protecting roots and trunks of trees prevents
the water from rapidly running over the
ground and from gaining tne momentum
and force which Is necessary in order to
gully the soil, nnd prevents the drifting
and the rapid thawing of snow, thereby
insuring more event distribution of the
waters, and Increases the time during
which it can be absorbed into the soil.
Affects  the   Roots  of  the Tongue  of
(lie Animals.
Within the last week a strange epidemic
has struck the horses of this locality
and It Is diflieult to find out what the
disease is or what remedy is required for
Us cure. It may become widespread and
cause great flnancial loss and inconvenience to our farmers, says the Water-
ville Index. Mr, Isaac Taylor has already
lost Ave valuable horses and John Fletcher three, without being able with medical assistance to effect a cure or in any
manner abate the spread of the disease
among the balance of the stock. From
inspections so far made it seems that this
peculiar disease affects roots of the
tongue of the animal causing it to decay.
While the horses thus affected eat and
digest as usual, It has been discovered
that they can  not drink.
DEATH       OF       HENRY      PFLAUME.
Onee   Owned   Placer   Ground   Witli in
the Helena Townsite.
Word has been received in Helena,
Mont., of the death in St. Paul, January
15, of Henry Filaume, one of Montana's
best known residents, says the Independent. He was by nature a pioneer, lie
went to St. Paul in 1864, and to Henderson, Minn., in 1857. At the time of the Indian massacre in 1862 he volunteered In
tlu service of the state and assisted the
al tending physician at Fort Kidgely,
Minn., nt the time of the massacre. He
remained on the frontier In the employ
of the government during tho war until
Then he came with a party of immigrants to Helena. He was engaged in
various mining enterprises until about
1SS4, when a portion of his mining ground
was included in the townsite of Helena.
He soon sold his interests to Richard no-
back, his former partner, now dead, and
to Charles \V. Cannon. In the meantime
he bought the ranch afterward known as
the "Kranich place," and now Central
park. He lived afterward In Helena, and
was In several kinds of business, until
about four years ago, when he returned
to Henderson, Minn. There he was married and lived until a short time ago. He
went to St. Paul for medical treatment,
and died there January 15.
Mr. Pllaume was known by his Helena
acquaintances as good hearted and generous. Ho devoted his last years in this
city to the sick and poor. He was a
member of the Ancient Order of United
Workmen, He affiliated with the German Methodist church.
How Lyman Gaffe's Friend Was Converted   to  Spiritualism.
A queer story is in circulation among
congressmen that the next secretary or
the treasury, Lyman J. Cage, is a spiritualist, a firm believer in occultism, and at
one time Investigated with much earnei t-
ness the teachings of Mme. Blavatsky,
says the Washington Star. Mr. Gage
i.s a man of wide experience, and
has always been a close student of
human nature, and it is not at all singular that he should have taken occasion to
look Into a subject that for a time attracted so much attention In this country
OS did thtosophy. Thero is no evidence,
however, that he adopted that cult
Mr. Gage is In every sense a self-made
man. His first employment to speak of
when a boy was a-s clerk In a bank al
Borne, N. Y„ for which service he received $100 a yoar. When he went to Chicago,
he could not, for a time, secure bolter employment than night watchman in a
bank, but he was soon alter promoted to
a position as book-keeper. It Is stated
that it was at this time that he became
interested In spiritualism, and that ov„>r
since he has been a more or less frequent
attendant at seances In that city.
J. J. P. Odell, also a banker of Chicago,
is said to have been converted to the
spiritual belief through Mr. Gage. Mr.
Odell, at all events, went with Mr. Gage
to see a medium, who claimed to do any
number of remarkable things. Mr. Odell
thought he had a test that would puzzle
the smartest medium in the world. Soup-
20 years before he had put some private papers In a private drawer in a vault
in his bank, together with some old securities which he had purchased when
Chicago was a mere village. Not having
any use for these papers, he had not
opened this private drawer for years.
Ho asked the medium to tell him what
the drawer contained, and she, so the
story goes, recited In detail the character
of every scrap of paper which the drawer
conlalned, which Mr. Odell himself could
not have done, but which he remembered
to be correct, as each was called to his
mind. Not only did she tell of the se-
eureties, but gave tho amount of each,
and peculiar provisions which some of
them contained. Then she got down to
private letters, written when the banker
was very young, and rattled off the contents of these in such a familiar way that
the banker blushed to the roots of his
hair, and decided that he needed no
further proof of the medium's ability.
Mr. Gage himself tells this story with
such a keen sense of enjoyment that it
may be gravely doubted whether he considers it at all an evidence of the supernatural. It is asserted at this time, but
not credited by his friends, that Mr. Gage
consulted a medium before he went to
Canton, and It was upon her assurance
that his control of the nation's finances
would be successful he decided to accept
the treasury portfolio.
Thoroughness  in   II n Nines.-*   nealiiiu'H,
un  Well  un  in   Literary Work.
Kipling's careful workmanship is
maintained in spite of the so often fatal danger of facility, says Charles D.
Samler In Review of Reviews for February. At times he writes with exceeding
.....jo, ,..,,1 tn versification, especially, his
quickness is generally m&Nuiwuo, ai
other times the music conies less trippingly, it would seem; for certain of his
publishers told me that he was two weeks
patching up a satirical ballad aimed in a
direction from which injustice had come;
and then he gave the poem away lo an
English weekly. But nobody else could
have done It in two years. And for an
artistic example of concentrated cussing.
It could have given points to old Bishop
Frnulphus. Kipling displays as much
thoroughness In his business dealings as
in his literary methods. Mr. Watt, of
London, is 'ils literary agent, and buyers
uf Kipling wares give the author a good
share of the credit for the very uniformly advantageous and businesslike arrangements that are made for the publication of the stories and the verses. 1
have heard three of his publishers describe Kipling as quite a rare bird among
the vastly wider genus of authors in this
respect of business ability, and they say
it Is an immense relief to find a writer
who has such a clear head for rights
and royalties.
Except for serial rights, Kipling does
not sell his books outright, like Marlon
Crawford and other novelists, but contracts on the royalty plan. As an evidence
of his interest in the details of the business affairs of books, the gentleman who
Is In charge of the newest edition of his
collected works showed me the proof
of the small two-leaf circular announcing
the series. Kipling had written part of
the document, corrected the whole of It,
had made destructive and constructive
suggestions about typography, and had
drawn on the proof his idea of the right
thing In the way of conventional type or-
nmnenl—all for a small advertising detail
which most writers would not know the
existence of.
Two Straw Proverhn.
The late General Francis A. "Walker was onee
traveling In a railway train, and was much
annoyed hy the chatter nC two small politicians,
who were loudly gloating over a victory whicli
their party had gained locally n few days he-
fore. Ono of them presently turned to General
Walker and remarked in a swaKtforinn manner;
"Straws show which way the wind blows, eh?"
"There Is another old proverh about straws,"
su^Kosted Mr. Walker. "What's that?"
"Drowning men catch at them."
CltlscnS   of   Monl real    Sec   n   Strange
star aud Wonder Increases.
A strango star or light In the heavens
has been puzzling the people of Montreal
for a week. This light has been making
Its appearance shortly after 5 o'clock In
tho evening, and it disappears about 7.
sometimes a little later, however, it
is now claimed that the light comes from
a balloon that is sent up to a distance of
eight miles over Syracuse, ami thai tlie
ascension is made in connection with the
military service. What the reason is Cor
this balloon ascension nnd light and all
the rest of it as yet is a matter of conjecture. But the light is there, and thai
It can be distinguished at such a distance
Is remarkable. James Corner of tho Grand
Trunk offices litis been watching this light
for some time. His attention was called
to it by telegraphers In Albany. N. Y.
The Albany people said the military authorities were experimenting on lights at
a great height for signaling.
An   Old   Proverb.
The proverh. "Necessity Is the mother of Invention." can hardly he traced to one Independent source. The Idea was expressed hy Per-
sius,   the Roman  satirist,   ahout  (50 A.   D.,   and
is found,  in the precise form now quoted,  in
Richard Pranck'a "Northern Memoirs" (printed In London In 1649), and ln various later Kiik:-
mnIi  writers.
Much More.
She—How do you account for the fact
that a woman learns typewriting so much
easier than a man?
.    He—Oh. she has so much more in pros-
i pect.—Indianapolis Journal.
Bridegroom's ICInfollts Christen  the
I'ounii  Ludy "The  While Lily
From Kent nek) ."
Something in the nature of a wild western romance Is reported from Valley county, wherein two young people rrom Poplar River agency were united in the bonds
of matrimony by Justice Kent of Glasgow, a few days ago, says the Anaconda
Standard. The principals in the rosy
drama, were .Miss Auk.'' Lyons, a clever,
handsome, well educated white girl, and
('lark Gregg, a bronzed and stalwart
young halfbreed, who was born on the
old Peck reservation and sent east to bo
educated at Carlisle, from whence he returned two or tlin-.* years ago. Miss
Lyons Is a sister of .Mrs. Frank Hunter,
wili- of the chief clerk at the agency,
and came from the south last year to vis-
It relatives. She met young Gregg, who
was employed at the agency stables, and
the two became warm friends and companions. Gregg was of a courtly mien
and pleasant address and the strange acquaintance ripened into warm friendship
and then Into love. They spent
a good deal of time together and this continued intimacy oci-a.sioned more or less
gossip, which in timo, reached the ears
of the young woman's relatives. An effort was made to separate the two, but
cupid had scored a victory, and as love
laughs coyly at ordinary Impediments,
the heroine and her dusky admirer stole
away from the agency, drove across the
country to the railroad ami took the
train for Glasgow, where a few minutes
later they were married.
With the marriage certificate secured,
the strangely matched, but happy couple, retraced their steps to the agency,
where they are now spending their honeymoon, regardless uf the caps-tic comments
of a number of young white men who had
hoped to win favor in the young woman's
eyes. Although Gregg enjoys the reputation of being an industrious young man,
the marriage was a cruel surprise to the
girl's relatives, but lhe blanketed kin-
folks of tbe dusky bridegroom glory in
the fact that one of their people has secured for a helpmate the talented yinin^-
woman whom the braves bad christened
••Tlie White Lily from Kentucky." The
experience of Clara Bell Fellows in marrying an Indian named Chaska a few
years ago at an Indian agency in South
Dakota was not of a pleasant nature,
and there are those at and around the
agency who are cynical enough to believe that the "White Lily" has made a
serious error in becoming the bride of one
in whose veins the hot blood of the Indian race Hows,
The   Winter   Will   He  Spent   In   Washington*
Tlie decision of Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius
Vanderblll tn spend tho remainder of the
winter in Washington is chiefly due to Lhe
advice of their family physician, says the
Wow v""'' Tfmn« Since Mr. Vanderblll
has recovered sufficiently from his paralytic stroke to be able to walk about, his
physician has advised him to spend as
much of each day as possible iii th.' open
air. Therefore lie has boon endeavoring
to take two or throe walks and at least
two drives daily.
As the uncertainties of New York
weather became mure pronounced, it became necessary for Mr. Vanderbilt to look
for a milder climate. His agent in Washington has taken a lease of Woodbury
Lowory's elegant mansion, at Vermont
avenue and K street, for three months,
from February 1. This Is completely furnished and it will he ready for the occupancy of the Vanderbilts in a few days.
They will go to Washington this week,
accompanied by their youngest child only,
the others being In school, and they will
take with them their own servants, two
or three carriages, and perhaps half a
dozen horses.
A friend thus describes Mr. Ynndorbllt's
condition: "He is recovering slowly from
a very serious illness. Although he is not
frail, he is not sufficiently strong in limb
to go about alone. His right arm is still
helpless and his powers of locomotion are
not robust. It is difficult for him to walk
much over rough surfaces. The abundance of smooth and attractive walks in
Washington was one of the considerations that Impelled him to go there.
There will be no society functions In the
Lowery mansion while the Vanderbilts
are there."
Mrs.  Harry  Payne Whitney. Cornelius
Vauderhilt's oldest daughter, was to have
sailed with her husband from  STokohnmn
for San   Francisco  yesterday,   und  is  on
pected to arrive there about February IB.
Are   Those   ol'  Today   Heller   or   I'.ven
it is the commonplace of tho day *" congratulate our children on their sin (pilar good for
tune in having been born Borne 80 years later
than their grandparents, Baya tin- Quarterly
Review, If comparative luxury with far greater Indulgence ho an unmixed good, there Is no
denying tin1 proposition. Whether they are better <■-' even happier, are questions loss easily
answered. Tin- old fashioned discipline was
one of spartan severity—for obvious Bona.
Children were treated neither better nor worse
than their fathers and mothers before them,
It may be worth while to glance at the contrasts between those ascetic times and the
present, Social and domestic England had
changed hut little since the revolution. Communication,  no doubt, had  greatly  Improved,
hut it was still Hlow. costly and precarious.
Isolation, even in considerable towns, was the
prevailing rule, ami the remoter country districts were shrouded ln benighted darkness.
The metropolis was a city sul generis, and
the Londoner was regarded with awe hy the
rustles as a foreigner of strange experiences.
There was no railways to Instigate a craving for perpetual movement. The shortest
journey was a matter of serious thought, and
not to he undertaken lightly. For days en
the great roads the Intending traveler might
have to wait for the chance of a seat on a
stage coach, or the opportunity of a return
post-chaise. The sovereign of those days
would have thought It an Arabian Nights'
dream had ho been told Hint one of his proximate successors would spend a good part of
the year at a castle In the Scottish highlands.
Old Farmer Qeorge lived in peaceful content
between the slopes of Windsor and the beach
at Weymouth, as the payer regent divided Ills
time between Carlton house and tfrlghtnn pavilion. George in. was an affectionate and
Indeed a doting father, but in Mme. d'Arblay'a
memoirs we bear much of the ceremonial reverence with which he was treated by his
daughters In  the quiet domestic circle.
Jennie Yeamans has adopted a negro
baby, and Lillian Russell has an Indian
squaw In her chorus. GRAND  FORKS  MINEh.
F. S. McOinTK* & 1 IS 1'RoruIKTOKS
G. E. McCAUTEE - -  -  - EDITOlt   \SD M.-.KAGEK.
THI MmilR I. ptilillshod on Batt-floy and wm
mailed to Subscriber on pnymcwit of Two
jjllars a yuar.
DI.Dl.ye-i Advertisements 12 nn Inch per
mouth. A liberal disoount allowed on long
Tr-iiicl-tiH Advertisements 20 cent. . linn tin*
Ijuertion and 10 cents « lino tor each additional
Loci or reading matter notl - - cents each
Job Printing at Pair rate., All aecoun's tot
job w,>rk and advertising payable on the Ural ol
each month. F. li. H< CIabtbb ■•■ Sox.
or late thore bm oome uodei our
notice several little things which uoeil
explalnation, not only aa a mutter of in*
teteet to tho people ot thia district but
for the information of certain outsiders
wlio avail themselves of individual and
official authority to work againBt the
interests ot the town of Grand Forks.
Tbe citizens of the Forkfl hare atelj
bet*n called upon to sign a petition asking [for tlie incorporation of tho city
into a municipality. Almost every one
of our citizens signed this petition, although som-) few held out. Tho fow
who object to tlio incorporation are men
with petty jealousies which thoy are
fostering to the detriment of their own
best interests. Ninety-five per cent of
the citizonB and property owners of
(.irand Porks favor incorporation and
what tlio other live per cent want is a
question. However, notwithstanding
tltie spiteful opposition, tho prospects
are very favorable to tho establishmont
of a municipal govoramunt here immediately.
For tho past two years the people of
this distiict havo asked that the government roicl on tho east side of the North
bo put in such shape as to make il
passable in the spring, the moat important season of the year. With this piece
of road in the shape it now Htands thero
is no practicable government road to
aud from Grand Prarie val •;/. With
tho prospects of unusually high wator
this spring all communication with
points down tha valley will bo practically shut oil' for an indefinite period.
This small but important matter should
be attended to at onco and a pike road
built across tho bottom land. For some
reason or other all requests for improvement in thia direction havo been utterly
We learn from reliable sources that a
certain government oliicini is now in
Victoria doing all he can to encourage
the appropi iation of funds for tho construction of a bridge across Kettle river
at Johnson's  ferry,   one  and   one-half
miloo !-.-.!....«•  llvun.l  l\.. Iv. aii-J    In   liio  '.'■
port to tlie government  he says;     "One
hundred teams pass by thia route daily."
This expert bridgo builder must certainly be a chronic preyericator or—
something worse. There is not, or
would not be under the best of business
circumstances, an average of one team
daily crossing the river at that point.
The proper place for agoverm int bridge
is at Edward's ferry where all the travel
must inevitably oro.is the Kottle rivor.
Then again, it will bo nocessary to build
a bridgo across tlio South Fork at the
foot of Second street. This enterprise
tho now town company proposes starting as soon as thej ere convinced that
no foolish expenditure is to h» male in
the constructiou of a bridge at Johnson's ferry,
'The Canadian government, under its
present financial circumstances, can not
alTord to waste any funds in building
bridges where thoy will lie more ornamental than useful, and the small
calibre individ nils who wish to "blow
in" tho government funds forsollUh and
spiteful ends certainly need a gjod calling down.
In another column will ho found a
communication from P, T. McOallum,
•I. P., ou the subject of tho petition protesting against tho granting of a franchise to tho Cascade Water, Power &
Eight Company.
While wo do not necessarily coincide
with the views of ad persons who send
us communications the columns of the
Miner are always open for the discussion of both sides of any question of
public interest.
Mr, McCallum has evidently a mis-
takfin idea of tho end to be accomplished
by this petition and consequently his
statements are easy of refutation.
In tho lirst place the petition does not
a.k for a franchise for the (.'rand Forks
Townsite Company but for tho Grand
Forks Water, Powor,i Eight Company
an entirely separate and distinct enterprise. Now as tu tho Grand Forks
Townsite. Company. Mr. McCallum
wauts to know what property the company owns in Grar.d Forks and who are
its real backers. This latter question he
answers himself by giving the names of
the incorporators. As to tho property
own.d by the company, Mr, McCa lutn
will probably remember that not so very
many months ago thoy purchased the
town.ito of Grand Forks.
The compuny which the potition asks
shall be granted a franchise is tho Grand
Forks Water, Power & Light Company
and the applicants for th. frunshise are
^Vlessrs. J. A. Manly, L. A. Manly, Chas.
Oumminga,  Cecil Ward, judge Scott,
and others. As yet the company is not
capitalized but the gentlemen above
mentioned havo joined together in asking for a franchiso and if it is granted
wili at oneo organize and begin operations. This company ia to be organized
for the benefit of the residents of this
vicinity and its promotors will bo moat
happy to receive anyone who is a resident or property owner in tho Grand
Prairie district into tho company on au
equal footing with themsdlves, all ex-
ponsei of obtaining tho bill and organizing thecompany boing divided among
the promotors pro rata. All who are
interested in tins company are property
owners in Grand Forks and are actuated
by tiio nesessity of supplying water,
liu'lit and power to our citizens at a
moderate expense.
On lho. other hand, tho Cascade
Water, Power .v. Light Company is composed of Victoria mon, Dr, Jones of that
miy being at tho hoad—we are not abler
to loarn the names of tho other members, and have no interests here but aro
applying for all tho water rights in tho
!\ottle river and Uouv.dary districts on
the chance of holding them to make a
neit profit from royalties in the near
A  Splendid Report on These   Qreat
Mining   Districts.
Bulletin Xo. 3 ot tho Bureau of Minos,
a description of tlio mines and mining
industry in the .Slocan, Nelson aud Ainsworth Mining Divisions ot West Kooto
nay, compiled by William A. Carlyle,
provincial mineralogist, is at hand. It
comprises 05 pages of valuble information and h the most thorough exposition
of tho ressurces of that suction yet
Facts gleaned from this report would
seem to indicate that tho Slocan, Nelson,
and Ainswjrth districts are just entering upon au era ot groat prosperity and
Mr. Carlylo seems thoroughly convinced of the value of the oro dopositj,
as witness the following extracts from
his report:
'•The Slocan, according to tho number
of its shipping mines ami tlio amount
and value of tho ore sold, now ranks as
the most productive mining district iu
tho Province, aud in point of importance
is not surpassed by any other.
In an area of fifteen by twenty-live
miles, there have boon discovered many
veins of high-grade silver-lead ore,
winch are being davelopod with great
vigour and buccoss, and among tho mining men is ivory fooling of eonlidonc.
and hopefulness. This winter nearly
liftyof tho prOj-jrties are shipping high-
grade oro that -/i-»M« -rorj p.oiuaoio returns, und a largo number of others aro
being opened up. :,f -, :t ■,
"During 1880, 1H,HI5 tonsot oro yielded
2,141,088 ounces of silver and 19,210,000
pounds of load, or an averago of 117.4
ounces of silver and 52.7 per cent lead
which woul d havo a net profit of about
h'io per ton, while many carloads were
shipped that yielded from 300 to 400
ounces of silver per ton.''
Of the Nelson distiict the report says:
'•'The Siver King mino has now ship-
pod 31,000 touts of ore that yielded 800,*
000 ounces ot Bilver and 2,500,000 lbs of
eoppor and the development of tho
property is rapidly boing pushed, so as
lo permit of a greatly increased out-put,
while tho bmelter is boing increased so
as to undertake the treatment of all
classes of ore as may bo bought in the
"The Poorman gold mine has given
up about £100,000 from its quartz ledgo
and other properties in this locality that
have similar veins me now under bond
and will bo worked "
Tho report then goes ou to give a full
description of the geology, minos, ores,
methods, transportation facilities, cost
of mining, etc., etc., etc.
Regarding government assistance in
the building of trails, etc,. .Mr. Carlyle
"Well directed assistance in this lino
is money well spout, a-i tho moro accos-
sable this country is made Ihe more
rapid will he its certain dovolopmont, as
not ouly are the prospoctors and minors
better able to reach their tinds aDd to
spoud the siigh' capital many can command in autual work on thoir claims,
adding so materially to their value if
such work show, up favourably, but in-
restore and mon with capital able to
moro quickly and thoroughly dovebp
those looitions can reach and examine
proportiea moro expeditiously and with
leas difficulty. Now that Bpocial interest is arousod and capital is here seeking investment, the more tho country is
opened up the more rapid and substantial will be tuo advance.'
Further on ho speaks ot tho impor-
tancs of tho miniug center, to the coast
cities as follows:
"These cities can reap great commercial benefits from  this growing mining
industry, but they must seek conditions
that will put thom  upon an   eq'u al or
better footing than thoir very aggressive
competitors, for the  business  men  of
Eastern Canada and the Northwest aro
now striving eagerly with the Americans for this large and growing traffic,
and British Columbiana should at once
oxort themselves to  the utmost  to  secure the   lion's  share of the business
within their own borders."
With the report comes a splendid map
Bonds of Electric, Steam
or Horse Car Railways
Porsons having mining or other Proportion that will
boar invretigatioo, can have a Company promoted, or
soil them, by addressing	
1.7 and 10 Broadway. New York City.     London   olfices:—Chiswell   Uouso,  No.
139 Finsbury Pavement, Loudon, E. C, England.
of tho East and West Kootenay districts
and the two form a most valuable addition to tho available information regarding these great mineral districts.
The Minnie, owned by Dr. Averill and
others,   is   showing   up spendidly just
A rich strike of splendid ore was ro-
pirted last week iu the Victoria mino
at Camp McKinney.
W. K. White is doing a.sossmont work
on ihe Earthquake claim in Brown's
camp adjoining the Elsio May.
S. F. Hepwarth is pushing work with
a vengeance ou the Muggins property
in Pass croek and expects to havo il
'nirly demonstrated before spring.
Preparations aro bjing mado to start
work on tne Shamrock and Clover Leaf
properties winch joiu the Proprietress.
i'hese properties are owned by Hour*
J   tinson f lid others.
Tho owners ot tho Lono Pine in
Eureka camp are pueliiog work with a
vugoance in the 50foot tunnel that has
neon run to tap tho mammoth ledge
which crosses this property-
Work is being pushed ahead on the
Mioawber claim in Eureka camp. This
property is owned by Dr, Huaseli and
others who intend to work this claim
until it has been demonstrated.
The owners ot tho Coyotto claim in
White's camp have started to work iu
li.o shaft which is already down 20 feet
on this property. It is their intention
to continue it down to a depth of 50 feet.
J. L. Wiseman is doing dtvolopment
work on tiio Texas claim near Greenwood. Tuo Texas is a well known properly iu that section aud some high gold
ubsays havo boon taken from the surface croppings.
W. G. Higgerson, who iB working on
his claim on Bat..' creek, is striking a
g.-od thing,   lie hac a claim  known a.
the Sailor, Hoy, nwuv   tho    Woirowue, oh
vvnich he oxpoeta to do Bomo work in
the noar future.
An American syndicate is at present
negotiating for the purchase of the
Kiver View claim near (irand Forks
.\. E. Rogers, the owner, has dono con-
-■kierable work ou the property, having
a luunel in over 100 feet.
ih. Terra uol iiico claim is showing
up well just now, Il is situutod some
■ our miles up the North Fork aud is
owned by Suyer Keed who is uow iu
about 35 foot with the tunnel he is running tociobo cut tho ledge,
Among the many properties in White'e
camp that will bo worked in the early
spriug ate the Helena, Iron ilorse, Great
Northern and tho Annie Laurie. The
two latter properties aro owned b*.
George Ooyle aud Simon Shaw.
Work is still being pushed on the
Rivervien' group by Messrs, Rogers a.id
Poe. Although they have encountered
a groat deal of very hard rock lately
luey aro fast approaching tho big ledge
which they may tap at any shot now.
Cho Iron King on Pass croek, owned
by Miller and Kuulz, is a tno-it promising property. It is at present developed
by two tunnels, one 50 feet long, the
other 40 feet. Besides these considerable drifting and sinking haa beon done.
Henry White and J. A. Finch, owners
ot tho Proprietress claim are now work
i.ig iu a tunnel which thoy now havo in
some 30 test, it is reported that they
have struck the lodge in the luouel aud
intend to open anoth.r drift elsewhere
on the claim.
Work has been steadily pushed ahead
ail winter on th» Shawnee property in
White'e camp. Tho owner Mr. Wm.
Coylo has now n 50 tunnel run to tap
tlie lodge and is now working iu rich copper oro. Assays from tho croppings of
this property ran H in gold aud 7 per
cent in copper,
John Layeux aud tho Shannon Bros,
who own the Jeauuio May up tho North
Fork are working are working line beavers to .how up thior property. Thoy
aro now down some 30 foot In a Bhaft, as
wull au having Beveral large open cuts
at different points on tho claim. A
sample taken from tho shaft lately
shows beyond a doubt that tho claim is
a rich gold aud copper proposition.
A Ro.sland dispatch to the Vancouver World states that rumor has it there
that tho LeRoi is sold, but rumor is
probably a little ahead of timo. That a
fabulous offer has been made the LeRoi
people, ia not doubtea. Col. I. N. Peyton was asked in regard to it on his re -
dent visit to Rossland, He said: "No
we do not care to sell the LeRoi. It is
doing vtry nicely how.    We ship five
cars per day to the Everett and Kansas
City smelters, besides what goes to
Trail. The mine will pay probably dividends of 10 cents par share every month
from now ou, and unless a very suitable
offer was made we would not sell."
liio last olfer, which was mado by an
English syndicate, will be probably well
Considered beforo it is dropped. As it
s ems to stand, tho oll'er is at tho rato of
r!i.70 per share or 84,350,000 is what the
stockholders wiH'receivo for lhe mine.
The Spokane
Weekly Chronicle
It Gi>es the Mining and Local News of the Territory
Tributary to Spokane.   It Has Lately Increased
to Twelve Pages and Added Many New Features Which Make it More Attractive
Than Ever Before,
Certificate  of   Improvements  Notice.
Seattle Mineral Olaim, (situate In the Kettle
liver Mining Division of Yale District.
Where located—In Brown's camo ou the west
■He nf tin' North Fork ol Kettle river.
UKE NOTICE that I, F. Wollaston, acting as
agent for the Seattle Mining -.t Smelting
impany, (Foreign), free miner's certificate No.
.115, intend 60 days from tin1 date hereof, to
inly to tho Mining Recorder for a Certificate
Improvements for ihe purposo of obtaining u
own Grant of the above claim.
\ml furtner take notice that notion under
etion 87 must bo oommended before the issu-
tce of such Certificate of Improvements,
Dated this 20th day of November, 1896.
OTIOE IS HEREBY GrVEN that application
will bu made fco theXeglstlattve Assembly
the Province of British Columbia for an Act
iorporatintf the Inhabitants of the townsite
Uniinl Forks, in the Osoyoos division of the
itrictof Yule, as a municipality, lo define the
dts of said corporation, withauehprovisions
the general municipal acts now in force in
I Province, and BUCh other provisions as may
applicable,or necessary or expedient; and
th sueh further provision as will enable a
te to be tuken, at the time iixed for the lirst
etion, to determine whether the affairs of the
[joratiou shall, subject to the provisions of
•Act of Incorporation, be managed by an ei-
itivo of three oommiBSlcuerfl or by a mayor
ii Ave aldermen.      frank higgins,
Solicitor for Applicants.
"Companies' Aot," Paet IV, andamend-
jxg Acts.
"The Keough Gold and Copper Mining
Company" (Foreign.)
Registered the 23th day of November, 1896.
T HEREBY CERTIFY that, I have this day reg-
JL Istered "The Keough Gold and Copper Mining
Company" (Foreign), under the ''Companies'
U't, Fartrv., "Registration of Foreign Companies, 'and amending Acts,
The head oflice of the said company is sitnat-
.'1 at  the City of   Salt Lake, State uf  Utah,
i;. s. A.
The objeets for which the Company is estab-
lUlied are: -To purchase, work, develop and
manage the R-Bell lode mining claim, the
A-peulode mining claim, tho Delamar lo.le
mining claim and the Remington lode mining
cliilm, all situate iu Yale Mining District, British Columbia, and to acquire mines, mills,
reduction works and sueh property real aud
pe oiial as may be suitable or convenient for
currying on a general mining and milling busi-
iicss; and to operate, buy, seli or exchange,
mines, mills, reduction works and all property
n icessaryor oonvenient to the business,
The capital stock of the said Company Is two
hundred thousand dollars, divided into two
hundred thousand shares of tbo par valued
one dollar each.
i tiven under my hand and seal of office at
victoria, Province of British Coiumba, this 25th
■ I iv of November, 18%.
[UB,\ 8. Y. WOOTTON,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
NOTICE 19 HEREBY GIVEN that application
will bo mado to tho Legtstlatlve Aaaombly
nf tho Province of British Columbia nt ii» ncit
k .*«iciii for mi Act to Incorporate tho Grand
Firlts Townsito Company, Limited Liability,
with power lo appropriate, take, and niu
from theNorth Fork of Kottlo Rivor, and Manly
creek, at points above tho townsite of Grand
Forks, Osoyoos Division ol Kast Yale Dlatrioi,
so inneh of the water as may he necessary for,
and to utilize tho water so diverted for, tho following purposes, namely; of generating
t-loctrloity and ot supplying the same within
the dlstriet hereinafter mentioned elthor for
electric lighting, motive power, telegraph, tola*
phono or other works; of supplying water to
consumers as a motive pdwer for haul ing, pumping, lighting, smoltiup, drilling, or for any
other purpose lor which il may be applied or
aoqnlred; of supplying water for domestic, min
lug, manufacturing, and olher purposes to the
miners, smelters, operators of .tramways, and
Inhabitants of the townsite of (irand forks and
ol a strip of territory not exceeding six miles iu
width on either side of tho South Fork of Kettle
kiver and not exceeding In length twenty-live
miles above the said townsite of Grand Fork
along the line of the .North Fork of Kettle Hivor'
and with power to construct and maintain
buildings, erections, dams, ditches, flumes,
raceways, or other works necessary for carrying
out Ihe above purposes, or any of them, or for
improving or increasing the said water privileges; and with powor to enter and expropriate
laud for a site for power houses, and for dams,
ditches, raceways and reservoirs, and for carrying the electric current underground or overhead and for such other works as may be
necessary and for the binding thereon of mills,
manufactories, or any erection for the purpose
of carrying on any industry; and with power to
erect, lay, construct and maintain buildings,
pipes, poles, wires, appliances or conveniences
necesBary or proper for the generating and
transmitting of electricity and power; and with
power to coustiuct, equip, operate and maintain tramways for the purpose of carrying
passengers ot freight in the dfatrfot above mentioned; and with power to maintain and
operate a telephone system ln the said district;
and with power to do all such things as art incident or conducive to the attainment of the
above objects.
Dated at the City of Victoria thia 8th day of
Dioember, 18«6. HUNTM A DUF7,
i  Agents for VoUon eVWtid,
, .B<UloMo»iottba*ppUaMith
We will send the Weekly Chronicle and
the Miner one year to any address for $2.00.
House and Carriage Painter,
Paper  Hanger,
and Kalsominer,
Orders Promptly Attended to.   Estimates Furnished on
All Ends of Work. GEAND FORKS, B. 0.
Should carefully conaidov
the cost of material, and
by figuring, find out that
all kinds ot
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Shingles, Lath, Etc.
can be purchased at the
Grand  Forks
C.  K, SIMPSON, Proprietor.
A Pull Stock of Toilet Articles
Always on Hand. Also a Well
Assorted Supply of
The best wire spring in the world is
made in Grand Forks. I also do all
UndB of fine furniture and other
-.ml Seals. Agent for the best makoa of
Sowing machines* Also the Hummer
I icycle.
VIOTOEIA, by the Ornco of (ind, nf tho United
I£inK<U>m of   Great Britain and Ireland,
QUHjm, Defender of tho Faith, &c, &c„ Ac.
To Our faithful tho memhers elected to nerve in
tho Loffislative Assembly of Our Province
ot UritiHli Columbia at Our City of Vi'o-
I). M. HBBHTS. * "raTHEREAS WB are de-
AUoruey-General. ( VV sirous and resolved,
as Boon as may he, to meet Our people uf Our
Province of Uritltm Columbia, and to have their
ndvicoin our Legislature: ;^r?
NOW KNOW TE, that for divers causes"and
considerations, and taking into consideration
the ease and convenience of our loving subjects,
We havo thought (It, by and with the advice of
-ur Eiecutivecouncil of theprovince or British
Columbia, to  hereby convoke, and by these
presents enjoin ;you,  ahd each of you, that on
Monday, the Eighth day of the month of Feb-
ruftBy, ono thousand eight hundred and niuety-
Sftven you meet Us  in Our said Legislature or
Parliament of Oar said Province, at Our City
Of Victoria, FOR THE DISPATCH OF  BUSINESS, to treat, do, act, aud   conclude   upon
thorn;    things   which  ln   Our Legislature of
the Province of British Columbia, by the Common Council of Our said Province may, by the
favour of God, bo ordaiued.
In   Testimony Whbkkof, We have caused
these Our Letters to be made Patent, and
the Qreat Seal of the said province to be
hereunto affixed:   With.s68, the Honourable Hdgak Dewdnbt, Lieutenant-Governor of   Our  said    Province of British
Columbia, in Our City of Victoria, in.Onr
snid Province, this twenty-ninth day of
December, In tbe year of Our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and ninety-six,
and in tho sixtieth year of Our Reign,
By Command.
Provincial Beoretarr.
All Roads Lead to Carson.
Dealor la General
Carries a Complete Line ol
Dry Goods,
Boots and Shoes,
Also a Full Line of
Harness, Saddles, Bits, Spurs,
Etc., Etc.
Carson to Curlew, San Poil
and Eureka Camus,
Leaves Carson and Nelson on Tneseay and
Friday,    Returns Wednesday and   Bararday
malting connection with Morrison's Stage i-tne.
always on Hand.
For Prloe* and Terms sail on or address,
Qrana Forks, B. O.
Hi Teacher of
Student from the College of Music of Cinoin-
11 nl tl, aud pupil of tho distinKulshtd Master and
Violinist, Chas. Baetens of the Brussels Franco-
nelgian School of the Violin.
OFFICE HOURS — Monday, T/ednesday
Thursday, Friday and Saturday, 2 to 5 p. m.
■ P-


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items