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The Grand Forks Miner Mar 6, 1897

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Array FIRST YEAR.-NO   43.
GRAND   FORKS,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  SATURDAY   MARCH 6, 1897.
W. J. ARMSTRONG & CO.
ANACONDA, B. C.
Steel ranges, Stoves, Silverware, Graniteware, Crockeryware, Glassware,
Woode .ware, Tinware, Toilet sets
-HARDWARE-
Df All .Gilds, Cutlery, Churns, Sowing machines, Wringers, Washing machines Window shades, Wagons and Trucks, Fururco Work, Steam and Pipe
Fitting Iron Pipe and Fittings, Etc., Etc,
Firstclass Job Shop in Connection.
WILLIAM MADER
Wholesale and Retail
:BUTCHER:
Has Removed to the Basement of Wright &, Luther's Store Where
Will Be Found the
FINEST LINE OF MEATS IN THE TOWN.
Bridge Street..---..- Grand Forks, B. C.
VICTORIA HOTEL.
Grand Forks, B. C.
The Mammoth Hotel of the Kettle River District.
MRS. A. V. DAVIS, Proprietress.
NIGHT CLERK ALWAYS ON HAND.   BATES $1.50 AND $2.00   PE-h DAY
GRAND FORKS AND BOSSBURG DAILY STAGE LINE
WRIGHT & SCHWAM; PROPS.
BOSSBURG TO GRAND FORKS DAILY
Leaves I3os:burg on the arrival of the southbound train arriving at Grand Forks
ut SJ u'-clock same evening. Leaves Grand Forks at i o'clocK a. in., arriving at
Bossburg in time to connect with northbound train. Express and freight promptly attended to and handled at reasonable rates.
INTENDING     INVESTORS
We have now on sale lhe following good properties:-—
GROUP OF        (    One-half mile from Grand Folks and adjoining the celebrated
TWO CLAIMS.   \    BONETA mine.    Will be sold as a group or singly.
GROUP OF        (    One mile and a  half from Giand Forks, quartz ledge, good
TWO CLAIMS.   \    Assays aud au immense surface BOowing of ore.
OVER TWENTY        )    For sale- chkaI' in the vicinity of the Great   Volcanic
GOOD PROPERIES  \    Mountain and Seattle mining properties.
The Above    (    Wo can honestly recommend as good investments.     We can ge
Properties      )    you good claims in any rarticular section at bed-rock prices.
_ Correspondence Solicited.
-"-JF^-^McCarter, Johnson & McCarter,
Grand Forks, B. C.
Or F. H. HcCARTER,
Spokane, Washington
BUILDERS
Should carefully consider
the cost of material, and
by figuring, find out that
all kinds of
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Shingles, Lath, Etc.
can bo purchased nt the
Grand  Forks
Sawmill
CHEAPER THAN
ANYWHERE ELSE.
 O-i-fc*	
FIREWOOD $1 PER LOAD.
C.  K, SIMPSON. Proprietor.
Carson Lodge I. 0. 0. F. No. 37.
T ft 0 V MEETS EVERY SATURDAY
-Li U< Oi L, evening at8 o'elnel* in their
hull at cnrson, 11 c. A cordial Invitation extended to a] 1 Bojourning brethren.
1'. H. NELSON, It. S.
D. D.McL.utr.s, N. CI.
Church Notice.
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH—Services every
Sabbuth in the church at 11 o. in. anil 7:110
p- m. in the school room at Grand Forks. Sabbath school IO:;,!! a. m. in lhe scboel room.
At Carson weekly It p. in.
RBV. Tiios. I'aton, Pastor.
II. A. SHEADS.
,1, ADAMS,
SHEADS & ADAHS,
-ASSAY ERS=
GRAND FORKS, B. C.
SAMPLESCIVEN PROMPT AND CAREFUL ATTENTION
HEPWORTH & CO,
Druggists Etc
A Pull Stock of Toilet Article?
Always on Hand. Also a Well
Assorted Supply ot
STATIONERY
AND WALL PAPER,
SURGERY IN REAR
OP DRUG STORE	
MANLY'S NEW BLOCK.        GRAND FORKS B. C
TT   S. CAYLEY,
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
GRAND   PORKS - - R. C
T  II. FEATHERSTON, I). A. 8. o.
ASSAYER.
And Mining Engineer.  Momber of Quebec. Min
IngSoeiety.   Mineral claims Examined
und Kepoiteil ou.
BRIDGE STREET, GRAND PORKS.
Cbas.ile BlolsUreenCEPLS,   K.Wollastoiil'LS
QREBN & WOLLASTON,
Provincial Land Surveyors
Civil Engineers, Etc,
QRAND FORKS, B. C.
onice In VanNoss' A bliiiou with J.II. Feather*
ston, assayci*.
■nORUES M. KERRY,
Provincial Land Surveyor.
And Civil Engineer.
Office, Midway, ii. c.
Associate  Member Canadian
Society  of Civil Engineers,
QllEL'uERfRUDETTAlIL, ~"
Teacher of
VIOLIN, BANJO, MANDOLIN AND GUITAR.
Student from the Ci-llese of Music of Cincin-
natti, und pupil of tlio ilistin^uishtd Maxtor and
Violinist, Chns. Hat-tuns of tlio lirussuls Franco-
Belgian School of the Violin.
OFFICE HOURS — Monday, Wednesday
Thursday, Friday and Saturday, 2 to ii p, m.
MAIN ST. - ■ GRAND FORKSt B. C
E
PE0PEETIES READY TO PRODUCE
AS SOON AS A RAILROAD
IS   ASSUREE
What Grand Forks dan Do.
Thirty-three Mines Within a Radius
of Ten Miles That  Are   Capable
of Keeping Railroads Busy the
Year   Round.
A number of Grand Forks people who have
recently visited Kosshuni, have been summarily jarred up by Rosfilrtndites when a railroad
was mentioned as coming into this section, and
were questioned as to our capability to furnish
suflicient ore for shipment in case the announce-
mbnt was made that work was to be started on
the route from there to (iratul Forks.
For the benefit of those who doubt the pay
product and shipping proposition of our mines,
we herewith furnish a list of the properties that
are in shape to meet any such agreement as is
required by a railroad company doubting a hick
of supply and business from ibis source. The
list consists ol tlie following iu their respective districts:
The Volcanic. Columbia, Wonderful, English
and French Group, Pathfinder, Diamond,
Hitch, Hidden Treasure, Monarch, Tiger and
Bonanza Mountain mines, on the east side of the
North Fork.
The Twins group, Garnet, ano4 at leant a half
dozen others on Pubs creek.
The Emma R-Bell, Oro Denero, Summit and
Mountain Rose, in Summit camp.
The Wolverine, Minnie, Jeannie May, and
Great Eastern in Brown's camp.
The Seattle group, No. t., Drum Lummon and
several others in Seattle camp.
The Winnepeg, Calumet and Terrible iu Wellington camp.
Ihe American Eagle, Gold Drop, Yankee Girl
and Eagle on Hardy Mountain.
The City of Paris, and Lincoln, in White's
camp, and the Star and Crescent and LaFluer
m the reservation.
The Boulovarde group, Bonitaand Riverview
group near Grand Forks.
As near as we can enumerate them there are
at least fifty mines iu this district that would
be producers today hail wc railway facilities
Hilda market for the ore. Then again there are
at least twenty mines iu the Boundary creek
district that would haul ore over the mountain
a distance of twenty miles when a railroad is
built to Grand Forks.
The great Volcanic mine alone, when in working opera'.ion, can ship m no on; per diem than
all the mines of Rossland put together, This
may seem an absurd assertion, but it is a fact.
no one can tell what the mines of the North
Fork country can do until such facilities are
furnished as well warrant the owners to gel
down to business and open them up.
We have prospects with good surface showing
all around us for a distance of 26 miles lu any
direction and Grand Forks is in tbc very heart
of this great mineral belt. Guarantee us a railroad and wc will show you what we can do in
the way of production, by the active spirit oi
development work, and our estimate will be
greatly iucivased inside of six months.
We have the mines and everybody who has
been heie to see them knows it, and we think
the mine owners have did very well, so far, in
the way of development, under the circumstances. With a railroad this country in two
years will lay the Trail creek district in the
shade and its. mines will startle the country lor
large unil inexhaustible deposits of gold and
copper ores.	
READY FOR BUSINESS.
Four Promising Properties Will Start Work
at Once.
It is evident that mining men who own property in the immediate vicinity of the city of
Grand Forks havagreat confidence in the.valuc
of thoir property and while they arc not abb*
to get out into the mountains now, they intend
to make good their time while the siio\v-!ine
moves up into the hills.
Work was started lust Monday ou the Empire
properly on the east of the North Fork adjoining the townsidc of Grand Forks, This claim
was formerly owned by Alex. Omen, but in
January an option on the property was secured
hy Chas. T. Long, of Rossland, and G. R. P.op
por, of Grand Forks, who transferred the n:iuu>
to Monoghau & Campbelli of Rossland. A
company was organised, with Mr. Campbell, as
president and Colin Campbell of this city as
vice-president. The company Is to sink a 50-
tool shall on the properly, and if results will
Justify they will continue work thereafter. At
present they are only four feet -leepin lb0shaft,
wbieh Is being sunk on ihe hill inside of the
town limits. Thoy have a line showing of eu-
peritc iron, pyrrhotlte nnd some sulphldos,
through whbh Is scattered considerable silica.
Tlie shaft I;, being sunk as near to the foot wall
as possible in order to make as good a showing
as possible, and when the ilfty-foot Bhaft is completed they will crosscut the vein, Which at
this point shows an width of over thirty feel of
solid iron capping. The work is In charge ol
Alex Omen aud thr.c men are beingomployo i.
Tin-; coin PROPBBTY,
II. A. shcadn, went over tb Rossland lust Monday, to attend a meeting of thy directors of the
Coin Mining Ctfmpany, of which be is vice-
president. The same company owning the Empire, aro furnishing the capital to develop ibe
Coin. It is expected that work will be started
on the Coin claim immediately upouthoreturn
of Mr. Sheads. Tlie Coin is aituated about four
miles up tlie North Fork, one-half mile west of
Newby's ranch, on the Summit trail. It has a
line surface showing, principally gold and silver.
IKON  L'UFK AM) BOUND IJUTTfi,
Preparations are now being made by Redmond & Gibson for starting work shortly ou
these properties. They are situated ou the east
side of -ho North Fork river about six miles
from Grand Forks. They proposo erecting
buiUl'iiksat once, start a tunnel oh the Iron
Cliil'and sink ashafton tlie Round Butte. Both
claims have heavy iron-cropping with enough
work done ou them to expose a tine body of
sulphide ore. They propose working the properties extensively this season,
THK  YANKKE ULKL.
Two men aro now at work on the Yankee Girl
property Bhootiug dowti the face of the clill
above the old.vorking, where it la thought the
two stringcis Forming the vein come together.
A forty-foot tunnel has been run on this property, but did not reach the intersection of the
parallel stratus about GO fe'it distant. Parlies
owning Lhe extension of this properly are doing this work near tlie end line of the Yankee
(iirl ground for the purpose of definitely locating the proper place to work on their ground.
LOCAL MINING  NOTES.
Messrs. Snyder and Filley aro ma kin g
preparations to start work on their properties as
soon fiB the snow is sufficiently out of the
mountains to permit of work being done. Their
claims are known as the Ogden and Olymjiia
and are situated on what Is known as the
miners trail near Capt. Carters camp and about
two miles northwest of Newby's ranch.
Joseph L, Wiseman has completed
another assessment on this property lu Providence camp, called lhe Texas. Some high gold
and copper assays has been made from thecrop-
pingof this property.
A Spokane company has recently
stocked the Star and Crescent property on Ln
Flcur mountain and now have a force of men
at work. It is the company's intention to push
work on thia property and show up their claim
without further delay.
The meeting of tho Olive Gold Min-
ingcompany which was called to be held at tbe
office of the company, at Spokane, last Monday,
has been postponed until the 17th inst. It is
expected that some important business will be
disposed of this occasion.
Robert Clark has a force of men at
work doing the assessment on the Wellington
Square property
1
GREENWOOD  AND   VICINITY.
From the Boundary Creek Times.
The Boundary Mines company have
i Bowed the bond on tho Falco.i and Rob Roy
claims, in Central camp, to lapse.
Mr. T. A. Garland has purchased  the
Snow King and Winner, iu Wellington camp.
The Snow King adjoins tlie Reno,
After an exciting race Messrs. Fisher
and Lewis succeeded in obtaining a record of
the St. Lawrence, formerly the Mountain View,
adjoining the Mother Lode. It is understood
that Messrs, Hood and Smith are to receive a
half-interest In the claim. Mr. Fisher's party
drove from Greenwood to Midway in thirty-live
minutes.
C. F. Bartholomew left on Tuesday
for Spokane to order a whim for the Combination. The shaft Is now down (i() feet on the
claim, and the ledge has widened to five feet.
A force of men commenced on Monday to run
it tunnel by whicli it is expected to strike a second ledge at a distance of 40 feet from the
mouth, and also tap tho discovery lead at a
depth of -100 feet.
A Toronto syndicate has mado arrangements to acquire an interest iu the Canadian claim. Skylark namp, nwnpr) hy Mr i
Suthcrhi..a tn consideration of performing a
specified amount of development work on the
property Tho vein in the drift on the No.
7 has widened out to three and a half feet of
clean ore. There fs enough ore on the No. 7
now In sight to pay the purchase price of the
mine and the cost of development work thai
has been done twice over.
RESERVATION NOTES.
J. S. McLean, Sam Wood and W. R.
Monroe commenced work last week on the
Meyers Creek Gold Miniug company's property.
It is a free milling proposition and considered
very promising.
II. E. Young of Curlew lake, has made
an application to tbe Indian bureau for permission to build a bridge across ICettle'river,{about
thirty miles above its mouth. This bridge tfl
much needed, for at the season of the year when
the water is high, travelers cannot use tl e ferries or fords, ar.d no supplies cau be taken in
to the miners aud others on the reservation.
To Build a Brewery.
Mr. A. Schmidt and wife, of Colfax, who visit*
ed Grand Forks last week, returned to their
home on Monday, to arrange their business affairs there, and will be back here in about ten
days or two weeks, when it is Mr, Schmidt's intention to at onee begin lhe erection of ft brewery here us well as at Greenwood, unless otherwise provided, M i. Schmidt is an experienced
brewer nnd has great faith in the future of this
country, so much so that lie has concluded to invest, a Inrge amount of money, not only in
his special line ol' business, but ill town property.
He was owner of the Colfax brewery, which
was lately destroyed by lire. He proposes dis
nosing of all his property there and taking up
permanent residence lu Grand Forks. Tin".
have made arrange men ts for pulling up a
twenty-six room lodging houso or Second sire it,
work upon which will bo started as Boon im
they return. Hue' enterprising people as Mr
Schmidt are Welcome residents to the Kettle
river metropolis of British Columbia.
Dismissed
Tho young man, II. McKay of Grand Forks.
charged with having stolen money ironi Dr.
Smith of ibe same place, was again brought before W.H. Norris, J". P,, on Saturday lust after
lhe cuqulry having tieou remanded from the
loth inBt., pending further investigation, and
to allow tlie accused the opportunity of procuring witnesses. No further evidence being adduced by tbe prosecution, the mngistrato held
that there was not sufficient evidence before
the court to directly connect the accused with
the theft, and therefore dec! lued to commit him
for trial.—-Midway Advance.
They Come With Springtime.
The matrimonial market of (irand Forks if it
is composed of only a few of tho young anil
gentle sex, promises to contribute a couple of
spring wedding before long. We are sworn to
secrecy iu the matter until the first day of April
when we will give the matrimonal young folks
away.
When applying for Crown Grants request that lho notice of application be
published in tho Grand Forks MlNEH
—tho best advertising medium iu the
Kottlo River and Boundary districts.
m TOO SLOW
HOW THE PRESENT DIFFI0ULTYIN
SECURING GOVERNMENT AID
0OULD BE REMEDIED.
A Recorder At Grand Forks
PRICE FIVE CENTS
beneficially in aiding the growth ot the
town and providing proper sanitary regulations and Are system which now
devolves on tho government.'1
Mr. Stuart ia an old newspaper man
being the originator ot the Vernon News
also, tho Midway Advance, and aB
ho has an experience of some seven
years in this section hois one of the best
posted men in the lo*er country, and
consequently his expressions are worthy
of comment,
Would Stop the Practice of   Recording Locations in the Rossland
District.   The    North
Fork Country.
Any person dosiring to purchase a
lirst- class piano .of any make will lind it
to their advantugo to call at tho Miner
office.
A. K. Stuart, agent of tho Midway
townsite.spent a couple of days in (Irand
Forks, last woek, ol* business in connection with his duties as dopu ty collector of inland revenues fur this section.
Mr. Stuart is one among the fow Canadians who has acquired the progressive ideas of hiB American cousin from
acrosB tho line, and expresses frt-oly his
opinion of the slow-go oasy manner
which tho provincial government has of
transacting its business In an interview with Mr. S. on tho su bject he said:
"J he trouble bus in the fact that our
provincial officials aro of tho old school
and consequently from 20to->5 years behind the times, and it is a hard matter
to awaken them to a realization of the
rapid growth and progress that is sure
to follow the opening up of any mining
district and especially one that has the
wonderful showing that this has.
"The Kettle river mining division is
bound to push itself to the front just as
the Kootenay district has. At present
its progress is being greatly retarded by
tardy the manner in which the provincial
government is acting relative to public
improvements, As it is now, when assistance is asked from the government
for the building of a road or a bridge,
the reply invariable is, 'wait till the railway conies, then tlie department of pub-
lie works will give the necessary aid
asked, provided tho railway does not
traverse i,the route for which aid is
asked,' not realizing that tho more
improvements aro made in the country
the greater inducements will be hold
out to any railway that proposes to enter our domain. The idea is ridiculous
that a district which pays as much
money into tne provincial treasury as
ibis doc.*-, should be debarred fiom government assistance until a railway is
built, and our people should enter a protest so strong that the government will
,*„ulU*o tKat tlio*,- will   not   culm-it   U*   it
much longer.
'•It is also my opinion that the county
of Vale should be divided, that is, so
that we in thu eastern portion will have
a government agent of our own, and all
the other county machinery that is necessary, without being compelled to apply tc the government agent at Vernon,
to take up apremption, have a road or
bridge built, or transact any other business requiring tho service of that olll-
cial, At present Government Agent
Norris, at Vernon, is the only agent who
is not a gold commissioner, and Uold
Commissioner Lambly, of Osoyoos, is
the only gold commission who is not a
government agent in the provience. By
enlarging the duties of theso gentlemen
and mailing them both a government
agent and gold commissioner, and transferring one of them to somo central
point in this district, wou'd alleviate the
difficult at present experienced in securing lecognition of our demands for government assistance in making needed
improvements. Uy this arrangement
the government's representative would
bo in a position to post himself by
personal observation as to whether or
not the demands that ate continually being made were justifiable or iut. At present the headquarters of tho government
agent is such a distance, and the territory he has to look after so large, it is
next to an Impossibility for him to visit
the different sec dots often enough to
keep himself posted on their requir-
ments.
"Another bad feature that needs investigation, and that at onee. is the fact
nearly all the claims located in lho
Christina Lake district, at present, are
boing recorded at Rossland There are
two reaBona why this practice should be
stopped. First—Because the Rossland
district is credited with this rich coun
try being tributary to il, when it should
bo given to the Kettle river when* it
properly belongs. In lho second place
prospectors are not awake to the fact
that when they record their claims in
tbo wrong record office, ami fail to
have it transferred lo tin1 right oilier
.vithin fifteen days after they are noti
lie.l of their error their record is null
and void. This is likely to cause great
confusion if not stopped soon, and is one
of the many reason why a record office
should be established at once,
"Tho necessity of a milling recorder,
at Grand Forks is appi rent to everyone
and I am of the opinion that the appointment will be made, ami the office
established, within the next ninty days
as the government as had this matter
befooe them for the last year.
"The necessity i I a good wagon road
from Edwards' ferry to Christina hike
and a bridge constructed over < hristina
creek is evident lo every person who has
hud occasion to make the trip. The coming season will see a large amount of
development work done io this district,
and it is notfair to compell prospectors
and those who are interested in properties there, to pack in their supplies and
tools, when the cost of building a thoroughfare to the head ot the lake would
bo so small."
As to his opinion regarding the incorporation of Grand Forks, Mr, Stuart
said: "I think tho people of Grand
Foi ks took a good step when they moved
for incorporation and if successful will
with judicial  municipal officers, work
PREPARING TO PROSPECT.
ManyParties Outfitting: for Their Spring
Expeditions.
As soon bb the snow  begins  to show
signs of its resistance to the inevitable
there wid be a busy throng of prospectors penetrating tin* hills, most of them
heading for the upper North Fork country, where it is reported some rich territory exists that is practically unexplored.
There were a number of prospector^
as far up us sixty miles- near the Fast
Fork, late last fall, aud from specimens
of quartz taken from the surface one is
inclined to believe that a rich gold country exists not far up tho North Fork
river. Tho formation is principally
granite and porphyry, and the veins are
true lissures, though small aro said to bo
rich and in most instances free milling.
The granite formation bordering on the
iron-cip belt starts in aboutlifteen miles
up the North Fork and continues as far
as tho range extends to the north. This
is known as tho Qranite belt and boiiio
tino Hoat carrying free gold has been
found iu numerous placesalonj the river.
Several parties came down from this
sectioi lato last fall bringing with them
some of tho finest gold quartz yet found
in this country and in ono instance a
prospector who had put in several weeks
on the East Fork, displayed several goo 1
sized specimens of froe-gold rock, to
which un old prospector in his habitual
courtesy to a kindred spirit, who can
soften tho outlines uf cold facts, with a
strong solution of imagination, said:
"If you have that kind of quartz up tho
North Fork your iron-caps will sink into significance before long und the richest mining section in British Columbia
is yet to be found."
Thii fact is pretty well backed by tho
execellent prospects found along the
river bars and up tho branches, for
placers. Several used burned-out frying
pans, and washed the gravel with good
results. The auriferous float indicates
placer deposits, and in the high burs
anywhere good results can hs obtained,
The fact that tho country is abundantly
supplied with water is enough to insure
miners that this is a good hold for this
Una of profitable milling. Several experienced placer miners will go into this
country as soon as tho weather will permit und rivo it a thorough investigation..
Tho North Fork river, to its extreme
head waters is not over 7U miles north
of Grand Forks, and as yet very few
prospectors have been able to penetrate
its remotest parts, therefore its unknown
value us a miningsection. Most of those
prospecting there last season were "iron-
cap" prospectors, ami hungry looking
quartz leads had no charms for them.
This season, however, will either make
the upper North Fork country a new
mining boom, or its sparkling streams
und picturesque scenery will forever remain undisturbed.
LARGEST IN CANADA.
Tho LeRoi's Porty Drill Compressor
Started Up*
On tho afternoon of Tuesday, Feb. 23,
the new forty drill compressor plant of
the great LeRoi mine was set in motion
for the first time. Considerable interest attaches to thestarting of this great
sot of machinery as it is the largest
pliut of the kind ever manufactured in
Canada and will quadruple the output
of tho mine. The driving wheel of the
engine is hi feet in diameter and weighs
28,000 pounds. On tho steam end the
engine is of tho Corliss type, made in
the form of a cross compound condensing machine, The high pressure cylinder is "" inches in diameter with IS inch
Stroke; the low pressure cylinder on the
opposite side of the machine, is 10 inches
in diameter by IS inches stroke. The
main Bhaft is II inches in diameter by
13 foot loiu and weighs about 5,501
pounds. At the air end the machine is
titled tandem with the steam cylinders
ami is also cotnp mnd, the high pr- ire
cylinder being l!-' Inches diameter by IS
inch stroke and thu low pressure cylinder 31 inches in diameter by 1^ inch
stroke. Between the high and low pres*
sure cylinders is an interc »oler through
which the air passes over a system of
water circulating pipes and is cooled bj
the process, Thia intercooler i>- about
20 inches in diamotei and wei
8,000   pounds.     The    entile    in i
weighs in tho  aeighb irl I  uf  240,01)
pounds  and  it   mud.' six   full  cal     id
Mrs, Hall, wife of  the Buperini lent,
set the ponderous machinr*. in motion
and christened it "The Senator" in honor of George Turner, tho newly-elected
senator from the stale of Washington,
who is one of the largest shareholders
in the LeK >i.
Rapid Railroad Work.
Parties over from Rossland this week
report that work on the Trail and Rob-
sou road is being pushed with all possible Vigor und that trains will bo running
over the route by Juno 1. Thero are
•Job men employed now in grading from
Trail und as soon us the snow goes off
they will increase tho force to obi)  men.
Trucklaying will be started next Monday from Trail and with the exception
of several difficult cuts and tills at China
Flat, the graders will come pretty near
keeping the track-laying force busy to
keep up with them.
A good thing, push it along. Thoso
fresh lish and oysters and nice chickens
at Fishers'. THE BONAPARTE FAMILY
EFFORTS OF Till-: 1'IIIST NAPOLEON
TO PERPETUATE ins N.VMi;.
Tli«*     *tlnl**     ltt*|,i*i>s,*ii(:il l\ «-h    of    In
lloiiwt*  Are  Dying Oul   iti   Europe
—The American  Bruncli.
it would appear thai the house ol llo-
naparte, which has played such a phenomenally large part in tie- history of the
last hundred years, having contributed
more than any other dynasty to ihe radical transformation of the face of Europe,
is in danger of sn.-e-iy tuctinction, says
the New York Tribune. This Is all the
more remarkable when one calls io mind
the maimer in which lhe Ural Napolj-jn
set the laws of tbe church and of cou-
ventlonallty af defiance tor the Bake "t
perpetuating his name, as wen as the
Bufferings and torments which his
nephew, lhe third Napoleon, endured in
lae hope ot being able to retain the imperial throne for' his only sou.
The latter, us every one knows, perished In South Africa, struck down hy the
assegais of the Zulus, while arrayed in
the uniform of an Ehlgllsh officer ami
fighting under tlie British flag, and today
there Is no one left wtio seems to feel the
responsibility in lhe eyes of the world of
preventing the name of Bonaparte from
dying oul. For Prlnec Victor has formed
associations that ids family have sought
in vain to destroy, which have lusted for
nearly 10 years, and that preclude the
likelihood of his ever contracting a marriage willi any princess of the blood. Hla
brother, Prince Louis, who Is at the present moment a colonel of cavalry in the
Russian army, is a queer, silent creature, who simply abominates the fair
sex. Neither of these princes has any
desire to marry, or dreams of doing so.
especially so long as they remain ln exile,
neither ot them, to begin with, having a
sufficiently large fortune to support u
wife ln the style suitable to a princess of
the blood. The only other prince who Is
entitled to bear the name of Bonaparte
is Napoleon Charles, younger brother of
the late Cardinal Bonaparte, and grandson of Prince Lueien, the eldest brother
of tho great Napoleon. Prince Napoleon
Charles, vyho is married to a princess of
tlie old patrician house of Ituspoil at
Rome, has no son, but a couple of grown
up daughters, und inasmuch as both his
wife and himself are over 60 years of age
It is unlikely that they will ever have
nnother child.
A Prim*.* n*** Courtesy.
With regar,l to "Prince" Roland, who
is a widower with a little motherless
girl, lie is a prince merely by courtesy.
and it is by courtesy, too, that lie bears
the name of Bonaparte. For his motuer,
who lives witii him, is the daughter of a
plumber of the name of Jnllln, and ihe
never went through a legal form of marriage wiih the late prince Peter Bonaparte ...1 1871, that is lo say, when Roland was already about 1:1 years ol age.
Tbe marriuge in question was not sanctioned hy Emperor Napoleon, who was
the head of the family, and the widow of
Prince Peter, win, ai one lime kept a
milliner's shop in Pond street, London,
has never been recognized by any of the
principal members of the house, both
Empress Eugenie and Princess Mathllde
ignoring her altogether, although conceding somo kind of recognition lo Roland in consequence of his excellent manner and his vast wealth, the latter coming to him through his partnership in
the —eat gambling hell at .Monte Carlo.
which is Inherited from his late wife,
Marie Blanc, daughter and a co-heiress
of the founder of the institution.
From this it will he seen thut not only
is there no present likelihood of a continuation of the house of Bonaparte in
the imperial or princely line, but that
there is not even any prospect of any perpetuation in Europe of the name, even
witnout tlie prefix of a title, since Roland has no son. It is, therefore, not improbable thut the Bonapartlst party in
Franco, which is still quite respectable in
size—for there Is a historic glamour attached to the name of Napoleon—may
have to look to the United States for a
representative of lhe dynasty. There is
today running in a popular English periodical a serial story entitled "An American Emperor of France." Whon one le-
cnlls to mind the astounding history ot
the house of Bonaparte, in connection
with which everything that seemed improbable and even Impossible came to
puss, no one need be astonished if some
day or another tlie French people were
to turn their faces toward this country
and seek ln the descendants of the union
between Prince Jerome and Miss Elizabeth Patterson of Baltimore, a reputable
Bonaparte for the purpose of reviving
the glories of Ihe first nnd likewise of the
second empire.
Ilnnii |»n I't Im iii ,\..i D.-iul.
A general Impression prevails ubroad lo
the effect that Bonapartism Is ns dead us
ih-. traditional door nail. This is not altogether correct. For there are always a
large number of people in France, as in
every other country, who are dissatisfied with the government of lho day, ami
who recall to mind the fact that during
ihe reign of the Brst and Die third Napoleon's Era nee occupied the foremost
place among lhe civilized nations of tin*
world, and thai lis- center of political
gravity was neither at Berlin, nor vol
ut St. Petersburgh, but ai Paris; that
the grandest victories In the military history of France are associated with the
name of Bonaparte, nnd that at no time
were French trade, industry and agriculture in so nourishing a condition as
during the 18 years thut Intervened between the coup d'etat and tlio battle of
Sedan.
Under any circumstances the American
representative of the house of Bonaparte
occupies an Infinitely superior position
to thut of "Prince'' Roland. In lho first
place, his wealth Is not derived from a
public gambling establishment, such us
that at Monto Carlo, nor has ho ever been
guilty of such a marriage as that contracted by Roland when he led to the
altar the daughter of old M. Blanc, whose
name is execrated from one end of Europe to the other. If the Bonapartlsts
in France were ever in need of a chief
and leader, they would Infinitely prefer
to range themselves under the banner of
one who, on the maternal side, comes
from the best stock in tlie United States
rather than to follow In the wake of me
who, whatever the excellence of his personal character, Is the son of a plumber's
daughter and of a prince trebly marked
with the brand of Cain, and so disreputable In character that throughout the
reign  of Napoleon  III.  tho latter would
never permit him to cross the threshold
of his palace.
The Aiiit-rlcuii Marriage.
Moreover, the question as to whether
the marriage contracted in this country
by - rince Jerome with Miss Elizabeth
Paterson was legal or not has never been
definitely decided, and at the Tuiler.es
during the reign of the third Napoleon
there were a number of prominent peo-
ple, Empress Eugenie herself at their
head, who openly pronounced themselves
in favor of the justice of tho claims of
Miss Elizabeth Patterson lo be the legal
wife of Prince Jerome. For, in the lirst
place, tho union was contracted in ae-
ci in lance with tlie prescription of the
laws uf the land in which il was celebrated, and secondly, it was Luclen as
senior of the house, und not the Emperor
Napoleon, who was merely a younger
brother, who had the right lo sanction or
prohibit the match, while the French
law forbidding matrimonial alliances en
lhe part of Ihe princes of tho reigning
house without tho sanction of the sov-
erelgn was not enacted till aftor Jerome's
marriage to Miss Patterson had taken
place, and for lhe express purpose of
permitting lis annulment.
Tlie French courts had this ln view,
when, In 1853, thoy accorded lo Prince
Jerome's American-horn son the right
!., Hi,* name or Bonaparte, It was only
when this gentleman was Impolitic
onouuh in present, on the death of his
father, a claim upon bis papers and effects as his eldest son and heir that a
venal tribunal, yielding to the pressure of
the emperor, who ai that moment was
particularly   Interested     In    keeping   on
: 1 terms with his cousin, "Plon Plon"
(tne son of Prince Jerome by his second
marriage lo Princess Caroline of Wur
temberg), issued a decree non-suiting the
American claimant on the ground that
his mother's marriage had been declared
"souveralnment" (by the sovereign)
null and void. From this It will be seen
that the claims of the senior American
descendant of Jerome eventually to succeed to the chieftaincy of tho house of
Bonaparte are Infinitely superior to any
that could be presented by Roland.
At lhe present moment, therefore, the
mule representatives of the house of Bonaparte, exclusive of the American branch
nf the family, consist of Prince victor,
who lives at Brussels; Prince Louis, his
younger brother, who is serving as a cavalry colonel in the Russian army, both
uf ihem sons of the late "Plon Plon;"
Prince Napoleon Charles, grandson of
Lucien, who resides at Rome, and tho
self-styled "Prince" Roland Bonaparte,
who makes his home at Paris. Of these
four the first two are unmarried and
likely to remain so. Prince Napoleon
Charles Is a man over GO years of age,
his wife being equally advanced in life,
while   Roland   is  a widower.
Ther are plenty of Bonaparte princesses, all, with the exception of Princess
Eugenie, daughter ot Nupoleon Charles,
being married or widowed. Thus, Victor's sister, Letltla Bonaparte, is now
ih, widow of King Humbert's brother,
lhe late duke of Aostu. She has a little
boy, but he is u prince of the house of
Savoy and a member of the reigning
family of Italy, nnd in no sense a Bonaparte. Princess Charlotte Bonaparte, sis-
tor of Prince Napoleon Charles, married
Count Peter Prlmoll, and has two sons,
Count Joseph aud Count Louis Prlmoll,
who nre as well known in the American
society at  Rome as  they  are  in   that of
Paris.     But   ftlthouHl,   thoy   Inherit   many
of the facial characteristics of their
mother's family, they can in no sense of
lhe word he considered Bonapartes nor
play any part in the perpetuation of the
dynasty.
la short, unless either Prince Victor or
Prince Louis Bonaparte wed, which is
regarded by those who are acquainted
with Bonapartlst affairs as improbable
in lho extreme, the responsibility of continuing the name of Bonaparte will lie at
tlie door of the American branch of the
house, since Roland Is merely a Bonaparte by courtesy. This is a surprising
state of things when one remembers how
anxious the first emperor was to provide
against such a contingency as the extinction of the name of Bonaparte, and it
would be indeed an irony of fate were its
perpetuation to be secured by the grandson of thut American sister-in-law of his,
whom he subjected to such unjustifiable
and heartless treatment.
AMONG THE LABORERS.
BVBBTS  TRAX.sriRlNG   IN  THE   DOMAIN OF LAUOll.
liil.rcNtiliK   Items   fur   WilKe-Work-
ers Gathered From All Turin of
the  Country.
AN OLD STORY OF A GREAT RIVER.
Mnrco Polo's Report ConccrnliiR the
Yunu'lHe-Kiung".
Noah Brooks quotes the following from
the great Venetian traveler ln his series
of St. Nicholas papers, "The True Story
of Marco Polo." in the March number:
And I assure you this river liows so far
und traverses so many countries and cities
that in good sooth there pass and repass
on its waters a great number of vessels.
and more wealth and merchandise than
mi all the rivers and all the seas of Christendom put together! It seems Indeed
more like a sou than a river. Messer
Marco Polo said thut he once beheld ut
thai city lli.ooo vessels at ono time. And
you may judge, If this city, of no great
size lias sueh a number, how mnny must
I lure be altogether, considering thut on
the bunks of tills rivor there are moro
than Hi provinces mid more than 200 great
cities, besides towns and villages, all possessing vessels!
Messer Marco Polo uforosuld tells us
I Unit he heard from tho officer employed
lo collect the Qreat Khan's duties on the
river thut thero passed up stream 200,000
vessels In the year, without counting
those that pussed down! Indeed ub it has
a course of such grout length and Te-
ceives so many other navigable rivers, it
is no wonder that the merchandise which
Is borne on it is of vast amount and value. And the article in largest quuntity of
all is salt, which is carried by this river
and its branches to all the cities on their
bunks, and thence to the other cities in
the interior.
The vessels which t>Iy on this river are
decked. They have hut one mast, but
they are of groat burthen, for I can assure you they carry, reckoning by our
weight, from *I000 to 12,000 canturs each.
In going up stream they have to be
hauled, for the current is so strong that
i bey could not make head in any other
manner. Now the tow-line, which is some
300 puces in length, Is made of nothing
but cane. "Pis in this way: they havo
those great canes of which I told you before thut they nre some 15 paces in
iength; thoso they take and split from end
to end into many slender strips, and then
they twist these strips together so as to
make a rope of any length they please.
And tho ropes so made are stronger than
if they wore made of hemp.
A Oliance for Mtutufaotnrera.
A citizen of Suffolk, Vn., has offered n factory site free to anyone who will establish a
manufacturing Industry Hioro, nnd ono of tiio
Indue,■moills lield out by a local paper is that
"the morale of the people are equalled In fow
other places."
A miner ut Murray City, Ohio, writes to
the official journal protesting against tho
raising of dues. The reason is apparent.
"We have engaged in Idling (machine
mining; ubout an average of 110 men,"
says the minor. "These 110 men in the
last six months have tilled 31,U2:i tons of
coal, or an average of ;112 and a fraction
tons per man, making him, at 2SVi cents
per ton, the average price, 57 cents pel-
day. After deducting Hi 2-3 cents per day
for house rent und 5 cents pot* day mine
expenses, wo huve left the magnillcenf
sum of 35-J4 cents per day to clothe, feed
and maintain our families on. Say we
have a family of live. We will allow Jl
per member for clothes, making *20 for
clothes, 3 loads of lire coal at 50 cents
each, $1.50; dues to keep up our union, 25
cents per month, tl,50; making a total of
$23.' That subtracted from the amount
earned, less house rent and mine expenses, $51.12, we have left to buy food with
$31.12, or a fraction over 1 cent for each
member of the family per meal. Talk
about economy! This beats science all
hollow.
According to the Labor Advocate of
Birmingham, every hill introduced in the
Alabama free sliver legislature to improve the condition of working people has
been ignominiously defeated, Bah! These
free sliver capitalists and would-be capitalists are us heartless labor crushers as
the gold "money power" ever was or ever
dared to be.
Tanners and curriers of Chicago have
beon given a 10 per cent reduction and
the hours of labor have been Increased
from eight to 10 per day. Tho employers
are combined to "restore prosperity" on
this line, and a strike and riots have
taken place.
An international conference of delegates
of harbor laborers, dockers, ship hands,
etc., will be held In London on February
21. The question of more thorough international organization aud also a general
strike will be discussed.
There is a disposition among British
trades unions to concentrate their efforts,
and John Burns proposes a plan to establish a bureau which shall have power to
conduct strikes, agitate for parliamentary reform, etc.
National President Ratchford of the
miners, says the bosses are attempting
to force wages below the dead line, and
lie believes a crisis is at hand that should
be promptly met.
Molders are discussing the advisability
of establishing out-of-work benefits. A
popular vote is also being taken on the
question of holding a convention this
yoar.
Armour has reduced wages of sheep
butchers 17 per cent. That means that
wages in the meat industry are going to
Olop   cxll   alu„B   the   Hue.
Next Sunday quite a number of Toledo,
Ohio ministers will make a combined demand for an eight-hour workday from tlie
pulpit.
The Labor Exchange continues to make
rapid progress in California and other
western states. The plan is also beginning to spread in the cast.
Owing to the boycott of organized lab
or, Armour, the meat king, has been
compelled to practically close his canning department.
Livery stable and cab proprietors of
New York are adopting a nice scheme to
get around strikes. They are putting in
horseless carriages.
City fathers of Council Bluffs, Iowa
passed an ordinance requiring that all
city printing must henceforth bear the
union label.
Carpenters' union at Butte, Mont., purchased a church and a house. What need
have they for a church?
Boston building trades demand that the
city should employ only unionists and
citizens on public work.
Brewers at Erie, Pa., to assist their un
employed members, enforced the eight
hour day.
A Detroit theatrical manager tried to
"bust" the union. Now he has a boycott
on his hands.
The government of South Australia has
established a mininum wage Tate.
Woodworkers have subscribed $5000 for
a co-operative shop at Detroit.
Chattanooga is to have trades union ie
vival meetings to last a week or two.
England will produce 750,000 bicycles
this year and Import fewer from America.
Illinois  laborites   arc   demanding   Iroe
school books.
Congress lias passed the Lodge Immigration bill.
Painters secured 41 unions last year.
voted an assessment of 10 cents a member per week to assist striking printers
of 1 taly. Swiss socialists now own 17
papers, one of which is a daily at Basel,
and another daily will be started at Zurich within a short time.
City council of Toronto ordered the
sireet railway employes to vote on the
question of working on Sunday. Of the
250 votes cast 230 were against Sunday
labor and consequently the council refused to allow tho cars to be operated on
that day.
There's hair-pulling among some of the
Detroit agitators, who seem to have acquired a strong taste for political office.
Tossey of the carpentrs and president of
the Michigan federation, lias been elected
tu the city council. John Strlegel, anoth
er unionist, wants the appointment of
factory Inspector, but Tossey is pushing
ono of his friends for the position, and
Strlegel's friends are hot under the collar. The row has entered the trades council and no end of trouble is in sight.
POLITICAL PICKUPS.
The nationalists are taking a. vote on
the. question of chnnglng the name of
their party.
By a vote of 78 to 7 the City Council of
Liverpool, Eng., has Just decided to municipalize  the street  railways.
Tht socialist labor party is experiencing
rapid growth at Canton, Ohio.
Socialists organized sections nt Bevier,
Mo., and Berkley, Cal.
English socialists now publish a monthly review.
Socialists at Portland, Or., organized a
strong section.
Chairman Butler, It is said, is opposed
to holding a national conference of populists. Colonel Norton and the "readers,"
however, keep right on pushing the idea.
Tlie Alabama legislature has just defeated a semi-monthly pay law. "That's
what we can expect from the silver politicians, who have just elected another
sliver senator," writes an Alabama miner.
Whew! A fight has been started
against Governor Leedy of Kansas, by
disappointed pie-hunters. Leedy is accused of being a czar and attempting to
diclate every appointment in state, cities
and even  the villages.
The state organ of the North Carolina
populists announces that three more pop
members of the legislature are acting
queer and are likely to jump the fence
and join the Prltehard republicans, which
would make 23 boilers in all,
Senator Allen and Representative Kem.
ot Nebraska, are ferninst a national conference. The populist convention at St.
Louis, they say, committed the party to
free silver as the dominant issue, and it
Is argued that It would be wrong now to
cut loose from the triple alliance.
The   printers'   unions    of    Switzerland
HE     IS    A     BUDDING    JOURNALIST.
WAS A FALSE PROPHET
WHERE      IS     PRESIDENT     OAIvES'
FAMOUS ORE WHEELBARROW?
llrougrlit   l'i. O. Discomfort lllin—Pre*
ui» io.iis  Al...iii   Kootenai   Luke
IlineM Fail (o Coine True.
\ Pendleton Boy Who In Undaunted
h*  Obstacles.
There Is a tow headed boy in Pendleton who has demonstrated that he Is
composed of the proper stuff to make sue
ess in life a sure thing, suys the Tribune Some timo ago his mind took a journalistic turn. Ho endeavored to interest
his parents and Induce them lo put their
capital into u newspaper plant, whloh,
while it would be a very modest affair at
the beginning, gave flattering promise of
a glorious future. But capital In this
instance was in hiding, and he failed to
coax it out. Ho did not throw up the
sponge, however, but set about to devise
other moans by which he might possess
himself of a print shop. He found among
his school mates a boy who owned an old
type case—just a lower case, which had
no compartments for capital letters. This
he bought on credit for 25 cents and
made places for capital letters by placing
partitions in the compartments. He sub-
lequently learned that the devil at th?
Trlbune office was in the habit of sweeping out of the back door the type that
ivas accidentally dropped on the lloor by
compositors. To this back door he repaired every day after school and picked up
the type letter by letter, digging thr
greater part of it out of the ashes and
Jirt that had covered it tor years. These
letters were distributed in the case, and
eventually enough of all the different
characters wore secured to enable him to
set up, in width of this column, about
four Inches of solid matter.. He found in
the back yard of a Pendleton printing office a piece of a job roller, begged a little
Ink, traded a dog for a rusty old stick,
used the bottom of a small milk pan
which he borrowed from his mother as a
disc upon which to distribute the ink,
padded a smooth block of wood with
which to take impressions from the type,
and then commenced turning out all sorts
of job work.
The boy became infatuated with the
work, but limited facilities so galled him
that he again made earnest overtures to
the head of the house for funds, but the
old man was immovable, and only
tightened his grip upon his purse strings.
Then the hoy determined, to get out a
paper, and after two days hard work
brought forth the following, which we
produce,  verbatim  and complete.
CIlllbreiiH   Riu'litN.
I   tfllUK mat If a child  huo a  gonious   for
something and is all wraped up in It
and spends all his spare time with It
that his parents ought to take an
Interest in it rnd encourage him beca
use if the young person grows up He
will Havo some trade and know how to
do something. Then again I think that a
young person ough to read and get his
brain full of good knowledge and learn
ing. He ought to go to school reagular
and study, hut, he should not study too
hard because it will make an ldit of him
He should not study at home because he
studeis enough at shook The child
loves freedom as well as any you
ng creature. He should have a certain
amount of labor and should do it che
erfuly but de not give him too much.
The child should be glad to have his
parents visit and have a nice time and
should not havo it all him self, he should
be pleasant to his sisters and brother and
Give up to them once or twice and see If
it Goes,
ly the hot springs will be utilized ln connection therewith, as even now when
transient travel is at its lowest ebb, the
two hotels doing business can scarcely
accommodate the public. At least one of
thorn will double its size at once. Every
residence available is occupied and more
in demand.
The Donald has Increased its force to
20 men. The Charleston, the adjoining
claim south, was, bonded to Rossland
parties for $15,000. ■
LIGHTS AND SIDELIGHTS.
That man is great who knows it all,
Yet goes his quiet way,
Content to let his deeds proclaim
His worth, from day to day.
But greater far Is he that has
A wealth of words and gall,
And, knowing little, makes the world
Believe he knows it all.
—Cleveland Leader.
«   *   *
"I don't like your preacher as well a;
ours.   He talks through his nose."
"That's all right.   He doesn't say 'pro.
gr'm.' "—Chicago   Record.
»   *   *
"Excuse me," said the pile man, who
likes to proscribe for other people, "but
do you ever take mud baths?"
"Yep," said the cheerful man, "I have
to.    I wash  in Ohio   river  water    every
day."—Cincinnati Tribune.
«   *   #
"How docs your new servant like the
place?"  asked   the visitor.
"Oh," replied the woman who had Just
moved, "tho house pleases her very much.
What sho can't understand is how such
people as we are ever came to occupy It."
—Washington Star.
*  *  *
Aunt Hulda—Well, David, wero they
pleased to see you up at Brother George's
In the city?
David—There couldn't bo no doubt o'
that, Aunt Hulda; they all began to snicker when I camo Into the room, and the
gals were giggling all the evening.—Boston Transcript.
WIFE CAPTURED BY MOONSHINERS.
Traveling; Man   From  St.  I.oiiIh   Mistaken for u Revenue Otlteer.
Authentic news has reached Paducah,
Ky., from Hamburg, a landing on tho
Tennesssee river, 200 miles above there,
of the startling experience of W. A. Davis, buyer for Steele & Hlbbard, lumber
dealers at St. Louis, and his beautiful
young wife, who before marriage was
Miss Otilla Hippel of Paducah. Davis
had taken his bride with him on a busl-
nes trip. At Hamburg he was mistaken
by the moonshiners who till that place for
a revenue officer. The Illicit distillers besieged the couple in their room at the
little Hamburg hotol. They battered down
the door and, overpowering the husband
dragged Mrs. Davis downstairs. Some of
the reputable citizens of the town came
to his aid and recaptured the young wife.
The pair were hastily conducted to a
store, where they were barricaded, and 20
armed men stood guard over them. Four
or five citizens and several of the moonshiners were seriously wounded. Davis
and his wife left next morning on a
steamer.
Six years ago men well able to carry out
thoir plans proposed the building of a
branch of tho Northern Paciiic railroad
from Kootenai station on the main line,
to a point on the Kootenai river, und endeavored to interest Thomas F. Oakes,
the president uf the road, iu the scheme,
offering lo build the branch entire if satisfactory traffic arrangements could be
entered Into with the Northern Pacilic
Railroad Company. After repeated requests Mr. oakes sent a so-called mining expert from Tucoma to report on the
country. Fish were not biting well in the
lake and tho export was dissatisfied with
his catch und tho brunch line proposition
failed in materializing that year. 'J ho
following year a similar scheme was unfolded to the same magnate and it met
with the response "I can take all the ore
out on a wheelbarrow that will ever be
shipped  from  Kootenai lake."
Contrast that remark with the present
state of affairs in Kootenai, and particularly with the Northern Pacilic railroad
folder now circulating throughout tho
country and imagine what that branch
road would have done for the main line.
Contracts have recently been let for the
first 50 feet of the shaft on the Jeff Davis
claim, just above town. The company
now operating this claim has ordered
hoisting and pumping machinery and expects to have it in readiness for use as
soon as the sinking contract is completed. Meirs creek will be turned from
its present course across tlie claim to
prevent an undue amount of water seeping into  the shaft.
Work has also commenced on the Kate
L, the adjoining claim south of the Jeff
Davis, a contract being let tor- 70 feet of
additional work on the tunnel already
started. Theso two claims are on the
same vein as the Albion and the Highlander, only the well known Banker
claim intervening, and on this claim it is
expected a deep tunnel will be started
this spring to develop this as well as the
Maestro on a parallel vein.
The peculiar position of Alnsworth's
veins renders the driving of two or three
tunnels from lake level very likely In the
near future. The first vein is down within about 200 feet of the lake and then
about every 800 feet back a parallel vein
runs. As the mountain raises very abruptly the depth gained on each successive vein increases, leaving an immense
amount of stoplng ground overhead.
Rossland parties took up their option
on the Noble Three, making a spot cash
transaction of it. The new owners have
organized a company.
It is quite probable that a large hotol
will be built here this spring, and possib-
WANT A LARGE PROPERTY DIVIDED.
KclillivcH  ol'   lhe   Late   Ann   R.   Allen
llegill   nil   Action   in   SI.   Louis.
The heirs of the late Ann R. Allen, who
died intestate in Plttfleld, Mass., a few
weeks ago, have filed a suit In the circuit
court at St. Louis, asking fur un apportionment of tlio properly.
Tho plaintiffs an* Thomas Allen of p.os-
lon, George W, Alien and Annie I.. Chau-
venct of St. Louis, Mrs. Charles Atwater
of l'ittsllold. Mass., William Russell Allen und Annie Russell Allen of St. Louis.
Their suit Is directed against William R.
and Elizabeth L, Donaldson of si. Louis.
Mrs. Donaldson Is a daughter of tho late
Mrs. Allen and a sister of tlie majurliy of
the plaintiffs.
Tho Allen estate Is estimated at $10,000,-
000 and consists mainly of real estate In
St. Louis, St. Louis county and Jefferson
county, Missouri.
A  1-fftiltur O.v.
Ono of a team of oxen owned by J. M. McKenney, whose farm Ik nn Morgan's bay, Surry, Me., has Shed all Its mat and the si-ln lias
darkened and become polished, ana yet it Is
apparently healthy. Tho ox grows fat and
works and thrives on tho same treatment which
tiio other gets., except that It Is blanketed at
night.
Wiinl  Scandinavia Wants.
Scandinavia wants to secure peace in case
of a European war hy having its neutrality
guaranteed hy the powers, as Is now the case
with Belgium and .Switzerland. Resolutions
asking for this will bo submitted In tho Norwegian Btorthlng, the Swedish riksdag and the
Danish   folkethtng.
Spokane Falls & Northern
Nelson & Fort Sheppard,
Red Mountain Railways.
THE ONLY ALL RAIL ROUTE WITHOUT CHANGE OF CARS BETWEEN
SPOKANE, ROSSLAND AND NELSON.
DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.
Leave. Arrive.
7:00 a. m Spokane 7:00 p. m.
10:30 a. m Rossland 3:25 p. m.
9:00 a. in Nelson 5-:20 p. m.
Close connections at Nelson with steamers for Kaslo and all Kootenay Lake
points.
Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary Creek connect at Marcus with sta<ja
daily.
Kettle River Stage Line.
G. W. WILLIAMS, Manager.
: : :FROM : : :
Marcus to Grand Forks, Greenwood, Anaconda,
Boundary Falls and Midway, B. C,
And all Points on the Reservation.
Stages Leave Marcus on ihe Arrival ot the Train.
Leave  Grand Forks  4:00 a. m.
Arrive Grand Forks  9:00 p. m.
Leave Marcus 12 m.
Arrive Marcus 11:00 a. m.
Boundary Hotel
MIDWAY, KETTLE RIVER.
First Class Accommodation,  Good   Stabling,   Terminus   ot
Stage Line i-r-Jjtu Marcm, Washington.
McAULEY & LUNDY,   -   -   -   -   Proorietors
SANS0M & H0LBR00K
Financial, : Mining : and : Real : Estate : Agents,
GREENWOOD CITY, B. C.
FARMING LANDS   I I   DEALERS IN MINIES
Investors Shown Claims hy
an experi need man.
OTHER PROPERTIES
AND
AND
TIMBER   LANDS
A Large List of Good Claims for Sale on Our Hands
C. A, Jones,
SIGNS
—fjll House and Car. iage Painting,
Plain and Decorative Paper
Hanging,  Kalsomin ng, Etc.
Grand Forks and Greenwood City, B. C.
Prospector's : Livery, : Feed : and : Sale : Stables
GRAND FOURS, B. C,
Livery Teams,
Saddle and Pack Horses,
Ladies Saddle Horses.
HAY,  GRAIN~AND  WOOD
FOR SALE.
Teaming of all Kinds a Spec'alty. MR. CARTER OF MONTANA
VlUOltOI S    Sl'EKCIl     AGAINST
l.MMIUHATIO.X BILL.
Great   ilciilici'   lo   AnicrlclliiK   Now
I:,,, i,h, \ oil   in   I amnio   null
Mexico.
On February 13, the Immigration hill
being before the United Stales senate,
Senator  Carter of Montana  said:
W ith reference to tin- liill in general I
have no special objection, if criticism
might at Ibis time be offered, I think il
would lodge against tbc bill as an Immature and unwise piece of legislation—
crude, as my colleague suggests, it
scorns that it would lie Infinitely better
to provide that persons contemplating
residence or citizenship In this country
should lirsl go before an American consul
abroad and make clear to the consul of
the United States the fact of previous
good character anil capacity to become
citizens and show appreciation of citizenship in this republic. Hut tbe committee
did not think proper to Incorporate such
a condition precedent.
The objectionable section might, with
some degree of propriety, be made applicable to aliens residing across the water, where eld conditions have so fettered
the hands of toll that men are not now
capable, after passing through centuries
of those hard surroundings, to compete
upon terms of equality and with justice
to our own worklngmen in this country.
But, Mr. President, let it be known and
understood that It has been the proud
boast of this republic that its standing
in the civilized world entitles It to assort
as a vital principle the far-famed Monroe
doctrine. We have assumed the right to
speak for this hemisphere and the people
who live upon It. We have assumed and
arrogated to ourselves the privilege of
dictating, independent of Europe, policy
for the peoples residing In North and
South America. While asserting that
doctrine as a rule of action binding upon
all nations of Europe, It is now proposed
to incorporate In a law this pessimistic,
drastic and trilling proposition that no
citizen on the American continent who
does not previously declare his intention
to become a part of the republic shall be
permitted to do a day's work within the
limits of the United States. Go back Into
the most provincial periods of tlie middle
ages, when passion and prejudice controlled the day, and you will find nowhere
a proposition put upon a statute book like
that.
IlniiR-cr of lioinlinl inn.
What Is to he the effect upon our own
people, Mr. President? If wo have no regard for neighborly relationship, If we do
not wish to Indicate any desire to live
on terms of peace and good will with
those who adjoin our territories, let us,
then, respond, If response is demanded,
to the matter of pure, unadulterated self-
interest in the matter.
Can the government of Canada fail to
incorporate In the statute law of the dominion at the earliest possible opportunity the exact language which wo now propose to incorporate in the law of tho
United States? Canada has a larger number of square miles of land than lhe
United States within its geographical
boundaries. It has less than 5.000,000 of
population. I believe It can safely be assorted that where one citizen of this
country will be found tolling In the United
States there are at least a dozen American citizens enjoying lucrative employment in the broad domain of that practically unoccupied country.
Mr. Gray—May I ask the senator from
Montana a question here for information?
The Presiding Officer—Does the senator
from Montana yield to the senator from
Delaware?
Mr. Carter—I shall be glad to yield to
the senator.
Mr. Gray—I have not had time to look
over the conference report, but I understood the senator to say, and I want to
ask him if he says it after duo consideration, that the section Inserted by the
conference report today provides that it
shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, or company in this country to employ any alien who has not previously declared his Intention of becoming a citizen.
Is that true?
Mr. Carter—That Is the language of the
proposed law.
Mr. Gray.—Or Is It confined to the public
works of the United States? I am Inclined to think that the lirst Impression
I got was the correct one—that It prohibits nny private employment of an alien
who has not previously declared his Intention.
Mr. Carter—I so understand the
language of the section.
Mr. Chandler—From regularly and
habitually coming.
Mr. Gray—If that is the case, it is very
much more drastic than the preceding report.
Anii-rl.-iiiiN In Canada.
Mr. Carter—Undoubtedly these two sections of this proposed net will Inaugurate
a policy In thin country which will call
for retaliation from every government
upon the American continent. West of
the main range of tho Rocky mountains
there must be today employed at from
$2.50 to $3.50 per day, in the mines of
British Columbia, no less than from 25.-
000 to 50,000 American citizens. Do we desire to bring about a state of affairs where
those American citizens must cither relinquish their jobs or renounce their
citizenship as Americans and become subjects of her majesty the queen of Great
Britain?
In the republic of Mexico it Is a fact
so notorious as to require no citation of
authority Hint the vast system of railroads Is operated generally, managed, and
controlled by American citizens. Tbe
railway conductors, the division superintendents, the section foremen, the road-
masters, the clerks ln the offices, the
yardmasters at the terminals, the firemen—indeed, a very large proportion of
the persons who furnish the directing genius of the railroads of
Mexico are citizens of the United States.
Is It wise, consulting naught but the mere
matter of selfishness, to Invite the republic of Mexico to command these people
either to leave the republic or renounce
citizenship of the United States and become citizens of Mexico?
On the St. Croix river, coming nearer to
tho eastern coast, I am advised that the
large woolen mills found upon the north
bank of the river pretty generally employ
operatives who reside within the United
States. I have been informed by a senator upon the floor that the owner of one
of  them, an Individual who employs    a
Farm, Orchard and Range*     |
* -a*****)* ■w>-&*'i>*^-t>*&-©*&*&-(>-j>*&*&*(^^
COLLEGE
MEN
IN
BUSINESS.
fhey llol.l (1(1 Per Cent of the Important  I'onIIIoiin   In  Life.
The school of domestic science is
another important feature of the winter
cour.se in agriculture at the University of
Idaho. Professor Pox has long boon interested in this line of work, having made
a special study of the several problems
connected with the economy of food. One
of bis most Important original Investigations concerns the effect of food preserva-
Ballvary  digestion.    The  results
live
large number of people, says he is advised ! a/» *.Vi-^<**c«>;.w><**>*"»*^ it
by lhe dominion   authorities   that    they I *
will he constrained  if  not  coini>elled  by   S
public    sentiment    to    enact    retaliatory j ©
measures at once, and that it will result    V
in destroying the occupation of thousands ' <J,
of pe ople who reside along tlio St. Croix
river and lind lucrative employment upon
the northern bank.
But It is suggested that for the benefit
of a few states on the Pacilic coast the
Chinese exclusion act was passed. 1
trust that no senator Inclined lo draw
forth that simile ln aid of this legislation will foi one moment ask tbe senate
to discern any particular similarity between a resident of Canada and a citizen
or subject of China. It was deemed for
tho best interests of all the people of lhe
United   States  to put  some sort  of chock
by legislative enactment between the laboring elements of this country and the
400,000,000 people in China. The wisdom
or that law. I think, lias been amply
demonstrated. But ihe fad thai that enactment obtained has no relation io the
case wo are now considering.
(im*  True   Mission.
Tlio missi ,1' i lie United States assumed, and very properly, lias been lo ex-
lend its Influence as a beneficent, benevolent, civilizing agency over all this hemisphere, We believe that our advancement
In science, in civilization, in art, In Industry, together with our large population and resources, entitles us, yea, command us, to discharge an obligation and
duty to all the people residing on this
western hemisphere, tlie people who have
responded largely to our example and to
their own aspirations for liberty by getting governments established similar lo
our own. Are we now, near the close of
tlie nineteenth century, to draw a line between the United States and these neighboring states ,and through the drawing
of the line actually force American citizenship upon any man who wants to come
in here for a brief period to make a living, or to see whether he likes the country?
As heretofore suggested, these two sections will inaugurate a policy. With that
policy I believe the sentiment of this
country is and will continue to be at war.
There Is no demand cither east or west,
north or south, for any Inhibition on honest men from either Mexico or Canada
coming into the United States and going
back at their own sweet will. We receive from the dominion and the adjoining republic the courtesy which we have
been extending, and our interests will
severely suffer, as well as our manners.
If we now depart from the ancient policy,
which has not resulted in evil but in
much good, by adopting these two severe
and unheard of sections as a part of the
proposed  law.
Mr. Chandler—Will the senator from
Montana allow me to ask him a question?
Mr. Carter—Certainly.
Mr. Chandler—I ask the senator wheth-
ed It is not a fact that American wages
are very much higher than the wages In
the countries north and south of us, and
whether It Is not the senator's policy to
keep them very much higher?
Mr. Carter—That will not hold good as
to the mining population In the northwest.
I believe along the St. Croix river the
wages paid in Canada are just as remunerative as the wages paid on the south
bank of the river. I think the same is
true at Detroit and other places. I know,
as far as the mining region is concerned,
with which I am most familiar, that the
wages are substantially the same. The
same class of enterprises is boing prosecuted on the north as on the south side
of the line, and any American citizen
going into the dominion of Canada to
mine is treated precisely the same as and
on terms of equality with a subject of
Great Biltain, He Is called upon merely
to take out a miner's license, and everyone is required to do that.
With reference to the Mexican border,
conditions aie somewhat different. The
superiority of the artisans of our country
will usually prove ample protection in so
far as Mexico is concerned.
I shall offer the resolutions read in the
beginning of my remarks when this vote
shall have been taken, provided the vote
disagrees with tho conference report. 1
should not have detained tlie senate on
this subject, but it appears obvious to my
mind, after full consideration, that the
adoption of the conference report as It
stands would inaugurate a policy on tho
part of this government which no senator
stands prepared today to father or support.
GRATING   OF   ORNAMENTAL   WOOD.
EJJEeotirely    I Bed    lo   S.'.-iir.*    I'arilal
Seclusion   ami   Hall   l.i-*/l,ts.
The question lias frequently been asked
whether our universities and colleges produce their share of business men, and a
very high authority in business circles
has declared that they do not, says Andrew D. White. But he failed to note one
or two points of great importance.
1. University graduates, according to
the best authority, form only a small
fraction of 1 per cent of the whole population, while they hold nearly 00 per cenl
of the more Important positions lu the
country.
2. He failed lo note the fact that until
very recently our universities trained men
almost exclusively for what arc known
as lhe "learned professions," and not at
all for business in the ordinary sense of
the word; whereas within the last few
years almost all the institutions for advanced Instruction have been developing
courses lilting men for .the pursuits of
life which lead more directly into great
business operations, anil, therefore, to
act far moro powerfully upon material
development than heretofore.
3. He missed the fact thai In spite of
the prevalence of the old system of training hitherto every large college class
shows a certain number of men engaged
successfully in  business.
4. While few of the colossal millionaires
of the country have been educated at our
higher institutions of learning, there is
one thing of which every university and
collegiate graduate may well be proud,
and that Is, that among those who have
piled up great fortunes by scoundrellsm
there is so far as la known, not one university or college graduate. The great
plundering schemes of the country have
not been conducted by men trained in
our universities. In this field of material
progress our higher institutions of learning seem to havo helped the better evolution rather than those schemes and enterprises which are in danger of bringing a revolution.
obtained In this investigation were used
as strong arguments iu securing the pas-
snge ol the Ohio pure food law.
'I'll., professor lias at last succeeded in
Introducing a course of practical work in
domestic science In tlie winter course ln
agriculture. Tin- school is popular and Is
a gnat BUCcess. Tho enrollment Is V0.
(..mite a number of young men are taking
lho course. The work is very practical.
Miss Carrie A. l.yford of the Oregon agricultural college has direct control of tlie
Instruction. Although quite small, the
rooms are neat and suited for the work.
Tlie students are interested aud are doing good work. The equipment is extensive and well selected. Wood, coal, charcoal, gas, gasoline, kerosene and electricity are used as fuels, nnd thoir relative
values compared. A portion of the equipment consists of a complete sot of aluminum dishes and utensils. A full line of the
Enterprise kitchen hardware has been
added. An excellent library is supplied.
tillvlTNily   Dtiiry.
Butter has just oeen made at the university dairy by tlie class of 1807 under
the direct supervision of Professor Reu-
ter. Tho milk used contained about 4 per
cent fat, and is produced from scrub cows
on a ration composed of wild-oat hay and
wheat bran. The cream is obtained by tlie
centrifugal method. Three makes of separators are in use, viz.: Russian, Empire
and United States. They are all of small
size, for farm machinery, and were selected for the special purpose of imparting
that phase of dairying. Tlie cream is allowed to ripen 24 hours and churned. Style
of churn used is the "barrel," this form
being easier to clean and keep in order.
The dasher churn is discarded, as it destroys the grain. The butter milk is
washed out with cold water. The water
Is worked out, and salt (V/a ounces to 1
pound butter) evenly mixed with the butler. This operation is carried on just long
enough lo mix the salt; the grain of the
butter must not he destroyed by overworking. After working, the butter Is
transferred to the printer, where it is
made into one pound (oblong) prints,
bearing tho word "Varsity." After wrapping in parchment paper it is ready tor
tbe market.
The fall course of instruction includes,
besides the usual methods in butter and
cheese making, complete control work in
lhe laboratory. In this branch of the instruction daily tests or assays are nadc
uf the milk, cream, skim milk and buttermilk. The number of students enrolled Is
11. They are interested and are doing
good work. This is the lirst season that
tbc school has been operated.
Under    Idaho   ('omli I ions.
Outside of the dairy work proper there
is a great deal to be learned concerning
dairying under Idaho conditions. The
battle. The primary issue is, how to got
the milk. The first tiling Is the cow. So
far we have only scrub animals, mixtures of Shorthorn and other breeds, that
incline to beef rather than milk. There
are some Holsteins and a few Jerseys.
Both of these breeds, when kept distinct,
are not the best for dairy purposes. The
Holsteins are noted for a large How of
milk, rather poor in quality. The Jerseys
give rich milk, but a small quantity.
What we need is a good combination that
will yield an animal that will give a good
How of milk, average quality, and for a
considerable period. After the dairy cow
has outlived her usefulness as such, her
frame must be of such form as to send
her carcass to the block with a profit.
The forage question has always been a
stumbling block in the way of successful
dairying in Idaho. Since 1893 we have
spent considerable time in investigating
tho subject. Plenty of forage can bo produced nnd made available for all seasons
of the yoar. ln the southern portion of the
state nothing is better than good alfalfa
hay combined with bran or mill feed; a
few roots (carrots, sugar beets, etc.) may
also be added. In the north, where irrigation Is not employed, we can have green
summer pastures by sowing bromc grass;
field corn will furnish ample forage for ensilage; wild oat gives a very good yield of
excellent quality of hay; eastern winter
wheat may be sown in spring, pastured
during the coming summer, and, after
standing over winter may be cut for a
grain crop the following July. Such a
system makes an abundant supply of
green forage throughout the dry summer.
Tlie principal root crops that can be
grown to a profit for cattle feeding in the
north are sugar heels, mangels, carrots
(short varieties), both white and led
kinds, turnips and potatoes. It is no trouble to produce plenty of suitable feed.
Need of C'o-Oiiernllon.
What is needed is a little co-operallou
among the farmers. Thoy should taku
more interest In their work, employ only
the best methods, and hang together In
matters when their industry needs protection. We arc fully aware that the financial condition of the agricultural Interests
will not warrant great outlays in way of
expensive machinery nnd elaborate btillJ-
Ings. The beginning must be made on a
small scale, and the things within reach
must be pressed into service. This is the
greatest need of co-opcrutlon.
in conclusion, permit me to tender to
thoso interested in dairy subjects the fullest aid that the dairy section of the agricultural department of the university can
give, CHAS.   P.   FOX.
Professor of Agriculture.
pond with German carp, which we received from the state fish commission al
North Bend. Neb. Besides these we have
a few catfish ami some suckers. There
are countless small flsh which were hatched lasl summer. We feed our fish I,ran.
bread and corn. Wc have used our pond
as a reservoir, as well as a fish pond,
Irrigating a garden and a small truck
patch, by means of a rubber hose, for two
seasons. Although it was not necessary
to irrigate, wo have had better suc,-,-ss
witli ,,ur garden by irrigating some
through Hi,, dry weather than before we
made ihe pond. Our pond also makes a
nice skating rink in the winter, as well
as a good place to get ice to put up for
summer use. Our pond was made witli
a common road scraper. It took two men
six days lo make it. cine man can use
a scraper by himself, although II is better to have one man extra to load, in
making our pond wc first commenced at
one corner and made a bank all around
the embryo pond us high as lhe dirt from
the first scraping would mako it. The
first Bcraplng does not need to be plowed.
We then plowed It as deep as we could
with a common plow. We then took the
second scraping out, putting It entirely
around the pond the same as before, and
keeping the bank as nearly level as possible, each scraping raising tlie bank
about six inches, although this depends
on the size of the pond. Each succeeding scraping is disposed of the same as
the lirst and second, although the deeper
you get the harder it is to plow and
scrape, as thu soil here Is a kind of clay,
after the black soil is taken off the top,
which bakes in the sun and gets sticky
and hard.
This clay, although hard to handle, is
good for a. pond, for it will hold water
until it evaporates after it gets packed
solid. When starting, the bank should
be 15 or 20 feet wide. Tills will, by constant tramping and rolling down of dirt,
spread out to 20 or 30 feet, and If the back
is to be more than four or five feet above
the surface will need to he wider than
this. Our pond is three feet deep below
the surface, while the dirt taken out
makes a bank about three and one-half
feet high, making the pond about six
and a half feet from the top of the bank.
The more driving over the bank the better, as this tramps it and keeps It packed
as it is added to. After the pond is done
it will have to be puddled, which is done
by lotting live or six inches of water into
it and then tramping with horses or harrowing and tramping it to make it solid
in the bottom.
Our pond cost us six days' work witli a
team and two men to make the pond.
Three men one day to lay the pipe and
12'/» cents a foot for 125 feet of one arid
one-half Inch  pipe.
GENERAL
Those
GRANT'S
Who   Criticised   Tills
Were Stny-iit-lloiiicN.
HAMMERING."
olicy
HiiHy Shipyard-..
There Is $16,260,8411 worth of naynl work In
progress In United States shipyards. This is
for hull and machinery, tho armor and armament being additional. The two Japanese battleships which are to he built at Sun Francisco and Philadelphia will swell tho total to
over {2(1,000,1X10. Ol' the $16,969,3411 worth of naval
vessels tho Newport News Company has work
aggregating $7,666,000, or nearly half. Two
years ago there was a llttlo over $16,000,000
worth of naval work in private shipyards.
General Horace Porter's "Campaigning
with Grant," now running in The Century, deals with the battle of Cold Harbor In  the Maieh Issue.    General  Porter
Buy,,-.
There wero critics who were severe ln
their condemnation of what Grant called
"hammering" and Sherman called
"pounding;" hut they were found principally among lhe stay-at-homes, and especially the men who sympathized with
the enemy. A soldier said one night,
when reading by a camp lire an account
of a call Issued by a disloyal newspaper
at home for a. public meeting to protest
against the continued bloodshed in this
campaign: "Who's shedding this blood,
anyhow? They better wait till we fellows down here at the front hollo.
'Enough!' " Tbe soldiers were as anxious
as their commander to fight the war lo
a finish, and be allowed to return to their
families and their business.
Grant could have effectually stopped Ibe
carnage at any time by withholding from
battle. He could have avoided all bloodshed by remaining north of lho Rapldan,
Intrenching, and not moving against his
enemy; but he was not placed ln command of the armies for that purpose.
It had been demonstrated by more than
three years of campaigning that peace
could bo secured only by whipping and
destroying tbc enemy. No one was more
desirous of peace; no one was possessed
of a heart more sensitive to every form
of human suffering than tbe commander;
but he realized that paper bullets are
not effective in warfare; be knew belter
than to attempt to hew rocks with a
razor; and he fell that In campaigning
the hardest blows bring tbe quickest relief. He was aware that in Wellington's
armies the annual loss from disease was
113 out of 1000: in our Mexican war. I52;
and In tbc Crimea, 000: and that in the
campaigns thus far in our own war more
men had died from sickness while lying In
camp than from shot and shell In bailie.
He could not select ills ground for lighting
In this continuous siege of fortified lines:
for, though be and bis chief officers applied all their experience and skill In endeavors to manoeuver the enemy out ot
strong positions before attacking him, his
foe was often too able and wily lo fall
Into tho traps set for him, and bad lo
bo struck iu positions which were far
from Grant's choosing. When Loo stopped
lighting the cause of secession was lost.
If Grant had stopped lighting the cause
of the Union would have beon lost, lie
was assigned one of tbe most appalling
tasks ever intrusted to a commander. He
did his duty fearlessly to the hitter end.
nnd triumphed, in 13 months after Lincoln handed him his commission of lieutenant general, and intrusted to him the
command of the armies, the war was
virtually ended.
"In speaking," writes Edward Dewson
iu Bv'ry Month, "of tbe grill as a comparatively new aecorative accessory. I
refer of course to its general use in this
country. We are indebted lo the orient
for its origin, and it has been used lo a
greater or less extent among European
designers who affect the oriental character in their work. It is only within a
few years, however, that il has been
brought in line wiili mod, in requirements
and mad,- the light, dainty and useful
decorative accessory that il now in.
"The original oriental method ot lining
large openings with these grills, thereby
securing comparative seclusion and yet
admitting sufficient light and air, while it
was picturesque in the extreme, in connection with the old-world surroundings
and conditions, would not in Its original
conception answer our present day requirements. It offers a suggestion, however, and a very attractive one, where
comparative seclusion Is desirable and
Hie full, unobstructed light of day not a
necessity.
"In such a room—say a book room or library, or. perhaps, a smoking room-
when., tb,,.,. are two or more largo windows, why not fill both upper and lower
sashes with a design made up of small
spindles in a variety of patterns, interspersing colored glass 'bullseyes' here
and there, to enhance the affect? Each
made to swing back on hinges, so as to
leave tbe window clear and unobstructed
when required. Following the oriental
custom, the center of each panel may-
have a small pane or 'peep hole' of either
round or odd shape, which may also be
hinged to the screen.
"The diversity of design that It Is possible to produce in the arrangement of
these grills is practically limitless-prevailing style, of course, governing them
to a great extent, however simple. Their
very fragile nature offers scope In the Ingenuity of the designs for many delicate
and beautiful effects, and when we remember that, as a rule, these frets are
well up out of harm's way, delicacy and
daintiness are not in any way inappropriate."
LIGHTS   AND   SIDELIGHTS.
Pa Slept Over tbe Parlor-
He sang to her a song of love
That made her father fume and fret;
There came a thumping from above-
That lover's doubtless running yet.
—Cleveland Loader.
* *   *
If some people could realize that the
world doesn't care a rap what size shoes
they wear they would be a good deal more
comfortable—London Tit-Bits.
* *   *
A College Barber—Barber—Have you had
any experience in shaving students?
Applicant (for Job)—Oh, yes, sir. I always go over their faces twice with tbe
back of the razor, and ask them if it pulls
much.
Barber—Quite right; but you mustn't
forget to strop your razor several times
during the operation.—Judge.
* *   *
Man (to dentist)—I want you to kill this
nerve, please. I'm expecting some money
in a few days and then I'll call around
and pay you.
Dentist (sarcastically)—I can't kill such
a nerve as you've got.—London Fun.
* *   #
"Mister," said tbo small boy to (he.
druggist, "gimme another bottle o' them
patent pills you sold father day before
yesterday."
"Are they doing him good?" asked the
clerk, looking pleased,
"1 d'no whether they're doln' father
good or not, but they're doln' me good.
They jls' tit my new slungshot."—Detroit
Free Press.
* *   *
For Self-Preservation—"And you have
the impudence to say that the jimmy
found on you was not intended to be used
in breaking into bouses?" said the judge.
"Of course it ain't," said the wanderer.
"It is fer breakin' out o' freight cars."—
Indianapolis Journal.
THE EXPORT OF BUTTER
PICTURES      IN
o Aid
PUBLIC
Ion
III   lhe Sillily  *nl* Hie
lions Fins*.
SCHOOLS.
Nn-
HKtl AUK VIII. K    SHOWING    OF     180(3
II \S  I VIKRKM'KII I'HOUI (lilts.
Denmark, Canada, Kew Zealand nu.l
(I.-   Argentine   llepablie  loin-
iii liior.i ol  I iiii.-it States.
Tie- marked Increase in exports of but-
ter to 'ileal Britain, which was a feature
of the butler trade ot this country last
year, lias aroused a considerable interest
on the part of American producers and
exporters In the possibility of further developing the foreign markets, says a New
York dispatch in the Chicago Record. Not
for many years, as will be seen by tlio
table given below, have tbe exports of
American butter—particularly tu Great
Britain, of the finer grades—reached so
large proportions as In 1890, There were
exceptional causes for this increase, of
course, particularly iIn- shortage ln Europe, as well as a Bevere drought ln Australia, and. quite as Important, a largo
surplus slock of fine butter In this country. While, however, such conditions
may not simultaneously occur again for
some time, American butter, It Is said,
has secured a stronger foothold In British markets than n has possessed for a
long time, and special efforts will be
made lo retain the advantages so gained.
In this connection it may be of interest
to note that one of the largest exporters
in this city sailed for England last week
for the express purpose of studying the
markets there.
The following table shows the exports
uf Inn ter from this country to Europe
for a series of years past. Great Britain
being by far the largest purchaser. The
total of 642,709 packages mi 1878-1879 is the
largest single year's export business on
record. From that time there was a
practically steady decline until lws, when
for a few years there was an improvement, which was, however, followed by
another decline. Tli.- figures given are
for trade years, from .May 1 to May 1, and
for packages of ,10 pounds each, it should
be noted in comparison that the 300,000
packages in round numbers, which have
been shipped since May 1, 1896, are for
only  nine months.
Packages.
IS7S-71) G42,769| 1892-93..
1S71I-MI 664,239 1893-94..
1887-88.
14 18!
Packages.
.... lis,IIS
.... 87.62a
— 23,913
....199,241
ONE FAIIMISU'S
• IS11
I'OUI,
A
rulers' Institute.
Stocked Willi  German Carp, a  Fen
CiiIIInIi  nnd  Some SueUerS.
R. Hnldeman contributes the following
to the Irrigation Age:
Our flsh pond is situated five and one-
half miles northwest of Alda, Hall county, Neb., ln tho Platte valley, between
the Platto river and tho Loup. It is
1S5 feet long and 90 feet wide; it has at
present about four and one-half feet of
water, although this can be Increased to
making of the butter Is only one-half the
six feet. It is supplied by a common
wind mill, which stands about 125 feet
from It. The pond and tho mill are connected by an underground inch and a
half pipe, which comes up out of the
ground just outside of tho pond. This
pipe has a waste joint where it is connected with the pumps, to keep it from
freezing In tho winter.    We stocked our
Tho agriculturists of Choteau county, Men-
tana, will hold a farmers' institute at Fort
Benton on Monday and Tuesday. March 8 and
9, and an interesting program has been arranged ror the occasion. Professor Emery of
tlie agricultural college at Bozoman and several of his assistants will be present to take
part ln the proceedings.
The Pliommi-iipli  in  Montana.
The stenographers of the district court ot
Helena, Mont., James 1'. Bupple and Arthur
A. Pelietler, have introduced Into thoir office
an Edison phonograph, tho first tn bo put to
use ln a district court stenographer's office ln
Montana.
Stops have boon taken to place copies
of Charles 11. Weisgorbor's palming.
"Tho Birth of the Nation's Flag," In the
public schools of this city, says the New-
York Times. It is thought that the representation which Is declared historically
correct, together with such lectures as the
teachers may deliver, will add much lo
the pupil's knowledge and keep alive a
proper reverence for the country's emblem.
The original painting was shown at tlie
Chicago exposition, and copies of it arc-
already la the public schools of Philadelphia. Tlie matter will come before the
next mooting of the hoard of education
ill   this city.
General George Washington. Robert
Morris and Colonel George* Boss were appointed by congress lo devise a new Hag.
after a design wiili 18 strlpea and the
king's colors or union jack was about t"
be discarded. This committee called on
Mrs.    I'.nzahelh     Ross,    familiarly called
noisy  Ross of Philadelphia,    who   was
noted for her skill as a needlewoman,
ami proposed thai she should lint logelb-
er a fiag after a design furnished in a
pencil drawing by General Washington.
Il Is related that Mrs. Ross changed
the star to five points, General Washington having at lirst suggested six points.
Tbc painting of Mr. Welsgcrbur shows
lhe meeting of the committee at the home
of Mrs. Boss. Tlie artist had the advantage of a view of the room arranged with
such furniture as was originally used,
and also other material, costumes, photographs of the originals, and tbe like, so
far as to reproduce a correct representation of tlie scene.
Considerable material has been collected for those who may inform pupils about
tbe history of the Hag. covering lhe first
design and that finally adopted after Hie
committee's plans, which has been
changed from time to time, as to the
number of stars only, to provide for the
admission of new states to the union.
He alone Is groat and happy who fills
his own station of independence nnd has
neither to command nor to obey.
IlriiKK  In   Austria.
' Tho prices of drugs are fixed hy law In
Austria. This prevents overcharges for prescriptions.
An  Energetic Imlliin.
Jack Andrews, tbe energetic Indian who
runs the store at The Dalles, and owns
most of the sturgeon lines run by the Indians, was arrested the other day for
catching salmon. Being taken before
Justice Filloin, the statute was road to
him, and ho was Informed of his right lo
hire a lawyer to represent him. He was
allowed to go down town and In a short
time came back, pleaded guilty, nnd paid
his fine.
 V
Coffee   In   llrnKll.
Brazil lias at present  2,000,000 acres tit coC-
• tec.
1S-.S-MI 100,533 1895-90	
l»:i-M 202,424|May   I.   1898
1890-91 187,059i   Feb 0,   1KU7 298,384
1891-92 109,057]
Several prominent local exportersof butter were conversed with In regard to the
prospects for increasing foreign trade.
John Orpe, who Is extensively engaged ln
this trade, said:
"What is wanted in developing the trade
with Great Britain is to give a fine quality of butter at a price- to compete witli
producers in other countries and to put
up the goods in the manner demanded by
liie foreign purchasers. The only reason
for the heavy shipments of last year was
that prices of American butter were so
low thai tile liritish markets could afford
1,. buy the best qualities. In dealing
witli   tlie  foreign  market  the  percentage
of water, the style ot coloring and degi	
ol' salting are also important factors. The
proportion of water iu American butler
generally varies too much. Then, some
of lhe American producers are too fond
of adulterating their product In order to
make bolter profit, It would seem that
American bultermakers could produce
good butter at prices lo compete with the
product of other countries."
lteiiiii neiits  of  lhe   ilritisli  Trail.-.
G. II. Ware, another large exporter,
said: "ln the export trade il is a. question
of price and as a rule prices in the domestic market are so much better for the
liner grades of butter that there is no
Inducement to sell io foreign markets
and for that reason Americans have not
steadily catered  to the  foreign  trade.
"In order to maintain our trade with
British markets we must meet their requirements, Tlie British buyer likes a
pale'butter und only slightly sailed, and.
moreover, he wants it put up in square
boxes, while with tbe American market
almost Hie reverse is the case. There
was more but ter packed in boxes last
year than before and tiie question has
been agitated and I believe Unit the
square package will lie used more extensively Hiis year. There is one drawback to its use, however, for the American maker who uses it has lo depend on
Hie foreign market for his trade, as the
domestic purchaser wants his butter ia
tubs.
"Then tlie British market wants fresh
t,utter. Here we have to meet Hie competition of Denmark, which not only
makes line butter, bat can ship it to England three times a week.
"A condition which, ii is urged by members of the trade, will materially aid In
building up a foreign trade, Is the steady
Improvement that lias been made iu the
quality of American butter, coupled with
inerea ing economy in Ils production.
John S. Martin, one of the largest butter
.toilers iii tills city, said: 'The quality of
American butter is Improving every year.
We do not begin lo have the amount of
poor butter thai we had a few years ago.
In lot, much of our butler Is belter than
-nine tli.il IB mad. In districts In England.
particularly aa regards the percentage of
water. There is no official Information
as to the proportion of water in New
York slate butter, bin about 10 years ago
a test was made of 20 creameries ln this
state in the month of June, which showed
an average percentage of water or brine
for the whole of about 9.50 per cent, a
very few reaching 12 and 13 per cent, and
one.as high as 15 per cent, while several
were below the average, one being as low
as 0 per cent. It should he taken Into
consideration that the test was made ln
June, when butter contains a larger percentage of water or 'pickle' than at almost any other season of the year, as tho
cattle In May and Juno are feeding on
new grass.
"This lest was made 10 years ago. Since
then lhe quality of butter, as I have just
said, has been steadily- improving. I do
not think that a test of 20 creameries now
at the same season of the year would
show as high an average. In the case of
winter-made butter, of which a large
quantity is produced nowadays, I doubt
whether the percentage would exceed 5
or B per cent. The producer has found
that it does not pay to fill his butter with
wator or 'pickle.' for dealers will not accept It and he has to bear the loss.
"There is undoubtedly a great deal of
hutterlne nnd oleomargarine shlped Into
the British market from Holland and
Germany and if this could be stopped
there would be a much wider market for
American butter In Great Britain than
there now Is." ORAND  FORKS  MIXER.
ii. Mi cai'.tki*. e- bom
. E. McCabteb * - - -
 PBOi'BIBTOBS.
BDITOB  ANI* MANAGER,
The MiM-:r. is published cm Saturday and "ill
mailed to Subscriber on payment of Two
Jjllars a year.
Displayed Advertisements $2 an Inch per
month. A liberal discount allowed on long
- ontracts.
Tranclent Advertisements 20 cents a line fir-t
Insertion and 10 cents a lino for each additional
insertion.
Local or reading matter notices 25 cents each
insertion.
Job Printing al FairrateB. All accouu's tor
Job work and advertising payable on the lirst ol
■each niiiiilli. I'. 11. McCAUTEB-StSON.
SATURDAY, MARCH 0, 1897,
We are tlie people.
Nov, that lhe fight Is over it is to be
hoped thai everybody will shake hands
c.:.il juili together.
J'i.'i.mhi \ i   Cii.ivi.sm) has granted
tlie earnest prayer of the people of the
west by placing his veto on the iniini*
"Iation bill.
I'm. "populistic" opidemie seems to
bespreading in liritish ('■ luuibia. We
would suggest a quarantine against that
class of politicians from tiio  other  side
'of the lino.
Tut. efforts ol' tlie Anaconda Commercial club to huve tho Provincial Mineralogist visit the Kettle river mining
division and report mi thu same as soon
us possible sh'iiild be encouraged by
every section of the district,
We unanimously agree witli tha Russ-
lainl Miner that no greater honor could
be granted (irand Forge it present
than to elect Hon. John A. Manly tho
Qrst mayor nf our young and prosperous city,    lie deserves the honor,
The shooting of Mr James Hood by
Recorder MeMynn, at Midway last Friday, lias created considerable discussion
bulas.cn investigation is likely tn In*
hold into tin* matter, further comments
arc in the meantime withhold,.
A trail has been made by the government to a lirst. class city prospect. Now
let us t,"*l in and make that I rail a
broad-gauge boulovarde and develop
that prospect until it becomes one of
tbc largest cities in southern 1!. ('.
On the evening of March 26th tbo
Anaconda Cominerial club will give a
■'hard times ball,'' Jn order to make
tin* affair a novelty all guests aro recur Bted to wcaf their oldest an shabbiest garments. A ball nt thai character might Ik- a novelty at Anaconda,but
hero in lhe Forks it would In* an ab*
surdity be a number of our society gouts
tvouid have to wear an apron behind,
Till'. Trail (.'reek Minor is tbo name of
a neat six-column folio that mad:' its
appearance at the thriving town of Trail
'.a-t week. According tn th" salutory,
especial attention will Irs paitl to tlio
mining interests of the Trail Creek district While wo liavo our doubts as In
the demand for another paper at present in that town, we wish tho promotor
nl' the now enterprise success in his un*
tlcriakiiig.
'Tin: news from Ottawa to the efEect
that the likehood now is that tho Crow's
Nest Pass railway will bo built as a gov-
eminent work aud il. will lie contiued tn
the coast next year also as a govorn-
;. nt work, is very encouraging. But if
lho government docs nol act in tlio matter with moro agility than it has in the
establishment of a recorder's nllice ut
the Forks a large majority of our iires-
• -tit inhabitants will bo singing witli tlio
angels beforo it is completed,
With representatives at Victoria, Vancouver, le sla d and other points it
teems tn its that lhe I Irand Forks Town-
ite company should have some one in
Grand Forks to look after thoir into-
n sts. There is hardly a day passes by
but sjino one arrive- in town looking
for Information concerning proporty,
business location, etc:,: and no une here
in give them the hand nf weclome not
only hurts the town but causes consid-
i rable unfavi rabl mm out.
Tin- goi tal impt'OI .-ion with tlio pub*
[urding tin* method af making ma-
nici| ui icnts for iraprov ids in
n ; .-lit i.-ij l.ir |i cuilty, i- cm iioiy worng,
,. Im h i: '.'."i all pi i oily holders in a
town wili be equallj taxed for Buch Improvements, oven it some of 1 ill-Ill Were
more direct!*. I • m lit. d by it thnn others.
By referring to sub si ctii n l'i nl' Section 2")0, of the municipal clauses, Act
nf 180G, w.* find tl e !'■   uwidg:
"When it shall, ii. tho opinion nf tin*
council bo deemed expedient or neces
sary to construct or repair I ridges, or
culveits on any street, lane or alloy or
to open up and extend any street, iano,
or alloy (with in tho limits thereof) for
tho more    immediate  convenience  or
LOCAL NOTES.
Try  Knight's meals, best in the city.
Go to Fisher'6 fot Mutton, Pork and
fresh fish.
Steel Tray Wheel Barrows, at Manly's
Hardware.
Everything the market all'ords at
Knight's Restaurant.
Silver-plated knives and forks at
Manly's Hardware.
For good job weak at reasonable
prices call on tho Mj.ni.k.
Tims. II. White and ( has. Darington,
of Anaconda,^were in town  Wednesday.
Miss llomehoe, ol Nelson, Wash., was
a visitor ut tiio Forks during thu   week.
If you want tlie best meal in the city
served r: tliu best style, try Fred
Knight's.
LaRue Perrine is expected to returu
this evening from Spukauo where ho
has boon 'or sumo time on a business
trip.
('a-ey.dall'ort and Anderson, owners uf
tlio Ready Cash property on Pass crook,
have refused a goud uasb offer for this
property.
Rev, Thomas Paton, who bus  boon
! bsent fur the past two weeks attending
conference al Kamloopa, is expected to
return homo this evening.
Travel over tlio various stage linos
running into the Forks' is becoming
very heavy, tho average being from live
to ton passengers for oacli stage.
.Matthew I iut her, a Spukauo mining
man passed through town this week en-
route to Anaconda, in tlie vicinity of
which he is interested in somo properties,
'l'h ! free lecture by W. A. Welbon, in
the school room last Tuesday evening
was well attended. His subject was
"TT eosophy and tlio Septinary Constitution of Man."
Tlio mails between the Forks and
Marcus are beginning to got ia laid
condition, a= a result of which several
break-downs and tip-overs have boon
reported lately,
A.li. Jlart, of Qreenwoo:l, has tho
contract for erecting a building at Grand
Forks fur Miss Zellwood, who is opening
a millinery ostabli ihment there. - Boundary Crook Tillies.
'i bo No. 3 property, on Pass or oek, is
Loming to the front no* owing to the
high gold assays that have boon recently made from samples takou from
tho tunnel on the property,
Last night's Spokesman-Review states
that tho south half of tho Colville resor
Vation was not opened for mineral location us President Cleveland failed to
sign the bill neforo retiring from ollloe.
Tho Spukauo syndicate which owns
tho Calidonia property on Hardy mountain intend pushing work in the shaft
that has boon already started cm this
property, They intend to have a force
of men at work by April 1st.
J. 1). Crockell, u mining man from
Kersmoos, was renewing old acquaintances at the Forks this week. lie re*
pil'ts Fairview camp Coming to tho
front in groat shape and says that it will
experience a big boom this summer.
J. P. McLcod, barrister and solicitor
of Anaconda, was a visitor at tin* Forks
on Monday and was so well pleased with
the outlook that he routed an office and
will take up his residence here at  onee.
Billy McKay came over from tho
Slocan country on Thursday to sou how
Grand Forks is prosp;ring, Mr. Mo-
Kay is largely interested hero in mines
and credits Grand Forks with beinj his
first Ki ttle River mash.
Tho citizens of Greenwood have petitioned the Minister of Education tu
make that town a school district. At
present twenty six pupils are attending
the school with a fair prospect of tho
number being increased.
.1. L. Wiseman spent a day oi two in
town the fore part of tho week looking
after his business interests, Mr, W., at
present is doing assessment on the
Texas in Greenwood camp and reports
that the showing is very good.
J.J Monoghan, president, and Geo.
B.McAuley, secretary of the Cariboo
Mining Company, passed through town
this week enroute fur Camp McKinney
un ono of their regular rounds of in
spection of this celebrated property,
Mr. ('. N. Mardon has changed the
name of his dairy from the Cold Spring
Dairy to I!. C. Dairy, Wo arc nut satisfied an to whether bo It.tends tu convey
the idea that his dairy was establish bo
fore the Cuming of Christ or nut, lint we
aro certain if our citizens desire to got
I ure, fresh milk thoy can bo accommodated by giving him a call.
Mr. W. Reeves Ayeis, nf Taeoma, and
cUrk of Judge Uanford's court passed
through tho Forks for Long Lake camp
where ho is largely interested in tlie
Combination with C. i'. Bartholoxow
and others, 'The oompany who own
this proportj expect to commence work
at mice tn run a tunnel by which it is
expected to Btrike a second ledge aboul
forty feel from the mouth of lho shaft
which is now down about sixty feet.
Jacob (liielz, bettor known as "Dutch
•bote." .-pent Tuesday night in Hie Forks
and left Wednesday morning by private
conveyance for Wolf's camp, situated
oil ml 28 miles from horn un tlio reservation, where ho is interested in a number
nf very promising properties, un one ol
which lie has sunk a shaft to tho depth
nf lot) fool, foot, in which the quality of
nre funnel is said -to bo very promising.
Jake expects to spend somo time exam-
icing the work already done and during
his stay will perfect arrangements for
the further development of tho proporty
WE ARE 11GITY
The Bill For Incorporation
Passes the Legislature By
a Unanimous Vote.
ELECTION IN 30 DAYS.
Grand Forks May Borrow $20,000 For
a Starter -Kegistratiou Books to Be
Opened at Once-Mines Inside the
Corporate L.mits Have 110 Surface
Eights — Somo Interesting Points
Kegardiug the New Act.
benefit of any locality within such limits He was accompanied by Wesley W.
nnd the council is of tho opinion that "
from any cause it is inequitable to
Charge the whole of tho cost of im
provement on the lauds pointing thereon, tho council shall determine what
lands aro benefited by such works or
improvements, and the proportion in
the cost thereof shallbo assessed agjinst
the lands so benefited."
Thus it will bo soon that it is discretionary with tbo municipal council what
property shall bo taxed, and if thoy find
that a certain improvement will greatly
enhance the value of other proporties
tho council has power cither to placo a
small tax on the property little benefitted
by these improvements or else it oan
exonerate this property from any taxes
whatever.
Warren and John Lucy, two gentlemen
who are woll posted on mines and
mining.
In the last issue of tho Minek it was
stated that at tho muss mooting hold
a couple cif weeks ago to discuss incorporation, Mr. Peter T. McCallum
Baidj "I have some 17 acres of land adjoining the townsite, otc" In saying
this Mr. McCallum referred only to that
particular plot on whicli ho now resides
and which comprises something liko 17
acres. Mr. McCallum is one of the
largest property owners in this section,
owning sumo 290 acres of land within a
radius of a mile and a half of tho town,
of wh: 'h somo 171 acres are included
withi o incorporated limits of Grand
Kcrks.
Eat at Fred Knight's if you want  the
best to be had int ho city,
We are now u full-fledged city.
Grand   Forks  certainly  lias  hud a
pretty hard row to lioo in acquiring her
municipality.
A fow of hor citizens wore blind to
tho advantages of this most essential
step toward progress and prosperity,
and consequently ad versed the applica
tion sent in for incorporation. Tbe
number was ho small and the reasons
advanced against incorporation so in*
signiflcent that very little attention
seems to have been pii3 to thoir deputation-, the principal d.eputators being
Messrs, Hay & McCa'luni, who, succeeded ii gutting tbo corporate limits
reduced from 1057 acres to 7117 acres.
Int 380 being stricken out of the original bill. The possessions of Peter
McCallum aro included in tho town-
site as allowed.
Three petitions wero sent to our
representative, tho first, and original
ine, containing eighty-four names favoring- incorporation, at tbo satno time
a pel ition was forwarded protesting
against the Cascade Wator Power monopoly, this petition having 100 names.
When it was discovered that the original petition had boon liber illy signed
.1:1 adverse petition was circulated con
tuning about sixteen names, a copy of
which will shortly bo in our possession.
When this was known, and curbstone
talk began to becomo quite frequent, a
mass meeting of tho citizens was called
at which tbe pro and con element woro
I I'ivilodgod and even asked to express
their opinions on this important sub-
pet. Out of the 100 people present
thore was not tt dissenting voice against
incorporation. With this encouraging
aspect of things a set of resolutions
were drawn up and signed by a committee of five, nnd the secretary ordered to draft the minutes of the meet-
it g and send them to our representative
in the legislature.
Scon aftor another supernumerary
petition was circulated for effect and it
is presumed this document found a
lonely grave in some pigeonhole in the
archives «f the oapitol.
On Wednesday the citizens of Grand
i.'.-rlo, woro intormor.l nf their proud
state of municipal government There
wtis no demonstration however, aud all
snoin satisfied with the result.
With B'ight changes and very few
exceptions tho bill as passed is the
s'luo as tlio original. Tho city of
Grand Forks is allowed to burrow
$20,000 under its first administration,
tvliich lasts only for tho present year.
We may, of course, borrow an additional sum to the 820,000, but to do this the
question would have to be submitted
t i a vote of tho people.
The bill, no d uibt, has boon signed
"io this by tho lieutenant-governor,
which will bring the election on or
about the 20th of April, considering
that the bill is signed today, The bill
also provides that a returning officer is
to bo appointed by tho lieutenant governor, who will open books of registration as soon as possible and keep them
upon until the clay beforo election.
After election wo must recognize the
immediate necessity of a system of
sewerage, tbo sanitary benefits of our
city and the importance of adequate
tiro protection. Then our streets must
be put in order, all of which will easily
consume the BliO.000 appropriated, This
will require the election of men to bo
trustees, -vho are decidedly conservative
on all issues, judicious in their expenditure of the public money, and for tho
first year pass such laws as will be of
direct interest and to the best advantage to tho city. It will take at least u
month to negotiate the debentures.
This being a now town, just starting
into huusoket'ping, those debentures
may sell for li or 7 per coot. This would
be all the money the city would havo
until the end of tlio present fiscal
year, whon the government would remit
a proportion uf the taxes collected,
which iii this ease would be about throe-
fourths, It is fair tn presme that the
assessment will run up to J500.000, but
I ll • rale of laxutiup will have to bo ri'gll*
! ited by the COUDOII.
We have been unable to got a copy of
tho bill respecting the Incorporation of
i baud Porks, but to all accounts Nelson
and Grand   Forks are id uitioal  in tlie
 Btruction of the aot regulating inu-
nioipulities. At this pro rata of population and assessed valuation Grand Forks
will bo entitled to five councilnien and
a mayor, Wnen tho registrar comes
here ho will no doubt bring witli him
the proper credentials and instructions
for the regulation and appointment of
the required ollicials.
lhe bill also provides that all mines
within tho corporate limits shall bo
exempt from taxutson. The minor may
locate his claim and got his title but he
has r.o right to the surface and tins govern ment does not got any taxes from it,
neither does tho municipality.
The oniy change respecting tho water
clause in tho Grand Forks bill was an
amendment to the general act affecting
Rossland, Nelson and Grand Forks alike.
This water clause roads as follows:
It shall lie lawful fur the said cities, nnd
they are hereby empowered at anytime hereafter to make anil divert tor any stream or
streams ns may bo found most suitable, nnd lo
appropriate or use sulliciont unappropriated
water lor all public purposes of the said municipalities, and from time to time to construct
all works that may bo necessary for efficiently
using such water, and to erect dams, raceways
and all works whicli limy bo necessary lor tho
maintenance otsuch water privileges, and to
exercise all the power mentioned in the Wale'
l'rivileges oi Act Is!i2.
The numerous bills regarding water
privileges, water rights, and applications
for water monopolies will be the first
question taken up for consideration
next Monday and by next week's issue
of the Mineh we nope to bo able to
have the necessary information regarding all mutters relative to incorporation,
the election of officers and other technical and interesting points regarding tho
whole proposition.
At auy rate we can no ,v announce that
Grand Forks is an incorporated city,
and we hope to see all dissontions and
I potty jealousies thrown aside and every
citizen stand up shou'der to shoulder
for tho greatest good to our young city
and make it what it naturally is: The
gateway to the country and commercial
city and distributing point of the great
Kettle Rivor miniug district.
WIZARD OF THE MINES.
Bidden Ledges Can Keop  No Secrets
Fr.m Mr, E B- Warren.
Mr. H. S. Warren, of Fairview camp arrived
in the Forks last Wednesday night nnd left via
Thursday's stage for Spokane, Mr. VV, Is Hie
mineral wiii'h or wizard wim lias been creating
Buch a sensation by locating Ledges by tbo use
,,f u forked witch-hazel switch, similar to those
u-oii tiy the water-witches, ol whom nearly nil
of us have beard our foro-fathors tell about, in
conversing with the gentleman concerning ids
method of locating lodges, he slated thai during bis shortstay ft Falrviow ho bad examined,
and iu every Instance found the ledge on, over
eighty differentclaims, among which there wore
elghi claims that had no mineral showing on
tho surface. In cue or two instance he Iruecd
the ledge for over five miles. BoBldes being
able to tell the exact locality of the ledge, lie
claims to bo utile to come within two and ahnlf
|i i lies ol tlio exact width ol lho ledge, nnd two
and a hah feet ul the de pill It lies beneath the
surface.
1101111,'of it somewhat skeptical turn of mind
we Intimated Hint Mr Warren was somewhat
of a joslior, nnd Intimated that wc would
need lo sec those wonderful fenls performed
before wecnuld believe them.
ui order to dispell this doubt, the gentleman
expressed a willingness to tore an exhibition
of his powers iu finding mineral of any kind,
how to determine the W'idtli ol a lodge and the
depth which it lies under the surface." Adjourning to the rooms of tho Grand Forks club, and
iu tho presence of Mr. Frank Truax, the manager of the club, Mr. Warren gave a very satisfactorily demonstration of how the thing was
dun... Producing a forked witch-hazel switch,
which resembled a wish-bone with prongs about
eighteen inches long, a handful of silver coin
was thrown on the floor, which rolled in nil
dircciions. Grasping the ends of tho switch
firmly in his bauds with the backs turned to
the Hour and the prong of the switch pointing
directly toward the celling commenced lo wall;
about tlio room, lie lind not none fnr beforo tbe
point of the rod commenced to gradually turn
downward nnd when it pointed directly town rd the floor, Mr. W. slopped nod directly
ti'iieoth it was found one of the coins. This
experiment wits repeated until every piece ol
money had bton found, lie next gave an ox-
liibltlon of how lie ascertained what kind of
oro the ledge contained, Taking a stiver bnlf
dollar and placing it on tho floor, and placing
another half dollar in the palm of one nf his
bauds in sucli n manner Hint it came in cm-
tact with tlie end of lhe switch held in Hint
hand, lie took a position directly over tlio half
dollar cm tlio floor, lho rod nt ouco turned
downward, The ball dollar was removed and u
gold piece substituted and on resuming his
position over thesivercoin oh the lloor the rod
refused to turn. He explain in order to dele inline liie character of ore tin. ledge carries,
i litl'ei'itit classes of ore wore held ln his band and
.is often as lhe rod turns it was an indication
that lhe ledge contains tlio sumo class of ore.
'Hie manner of finding tho width of the ledge
was next illustrated by placing two half dollars
cm the floor a Bhort distance apart. Stepping
b ictc a lew foot he slowly approacdied the spot
where the first one waB lying the switch turned down, then going to tlte opposite side tlie
s.une procedure was repeated.    The distance
between tho tw >lns being the width of the
lodge. Tlie distance the ledge lies below the
surface is determined lnaslmilar manner, excepting Hint the distance from the the place
where the rod commenced to turn nnd where
ii points diicctlv down is the number of feet In
dep'h lho lodge is.
lie also gave an exhibition of  ho\V the ledge
1TIU- trorcl, otu„  „ .toieri ,,l toil , ,f Wlllull, OWlllg tO
luck ol space wc are nimble to give,
Mr. Warren expects to tciuru to the Forks on
or nhoilt the lltli hist., and will remain over a
few days, at whicli time lie will be pl-casod to
sect tliose who nre Interested in mining and
give ilicni exhibition of his syestem of doing
business,
CAPITAL  COn.NG.
Mr* Filley Says There is   Pleiy   of
Mout,y Eeady to be Invested*
In strolling around town noting tho many
Improvements now in progress,wedroppca* Into
the cosy office of Fiiley & ogden, now open and
ready for business, where wo found Mr. Filley
iiiisy disposing of nn aceiimlation of mail, iii
(in interview with that gentleman he said:
' How did I happened to drift into Grand
Forks? Well, take a chair and I will toll you.
\ttcr looking over the various fields, and iicw
milling camps of tlio in nth west, and Interviews
cc ith prominent, mining men, engineers, assnv-
stsaud miner.ilogim. concluded thut this section of the country was attracting moro atten-
lion, than an.- other portion of the country.
"No, I lind not visited (irand Forks before In.
eating, but from conversations with practical
men, who lind been hero, and from a pleasant
iliat Willi John A. Manly, Al. Manly and chas.
coinings, whom I chance to meet in Seattle
early hi January, 1 decided to cast my lot with
this town.
"Yes, the place is known and spoken of very
favorably iu Hie const cities, and towns
throughout the province,
"\\ ell, now us lo the growth of the town, we
ciin only conjecture, it will depend largely
upon ihe policy outlined by tlictown company.
l-romwhat I huve seen of them 1 judge them
wideawake, progressive, liberal,business men,
whose wide experience and ability will make
(irand Forks a city of Importance in tho near
future.
' Oh, yes, I am moro than pleased with tbo
location being an ideal otic for u town, au un-
oNlinustublo supply of pure water, plenty of
Umber, building stone, brick clay, lime stone,
und heathi'ul donate, nnd hi fact till tlie requisites for u city oi sonic magnitude.
"Yes, we havo some good mining properties
ii-.ir lioro, and will development them extcn*
-ivoly the coining season, as development work
is the only way you can show to the ontBlde
world tho value ol thu vast mineral deposits,
now hidden from lhe eye of mini.
■1 predict for Uralld Forks a prosperous business your,und know thut ploniy  ot capital  Is
seeking Investment In Legitimate mining entoi-
priscs nnd numbers will soon lie coining, in
ves'igating and Investing.
'(oioil day sir, please call again, our lutcli
string is always out, and wo want to unci nil
lbs buys nnil extend to thom n most cordial invitation to iniike our otlice hoadquarters,"
Seven Poet of Ore.
Word was received llils week from the U.S.
I.oitol camp, situated on tbo reservation, of the
latest strike made on the U. s, l.ekol owned
Ify Spokane parties.   Work bus been going on
al! winter in shafl No. I. and a most sulisfac
tory showing has been made, on Feb, 8, shall
Nn 1 was started about twenty-live feet up the
hill, and at tho depth of live feet lhe vein was
cut, showing a width of more than live foot.
At a distance of nine foci it lias widened until
tbe entire face of tbe shaft, which is "ix", is in
ore. How much wider the lodge is lias not beon
ascertained, imi enough has been shown up to
prove Ibut the IJ, S. l.ol und tlie Curlew country is alright.
Ready for Business.
Messrs Townencl and Hewitt, the geuir.l proprietors nf tbe Grand Forks Brewery, nre now
placing their beer on tlio market and lovers of
lhe brevorngo who have sampled their product,
pronounce it to lie of tni excellent quality,
Tbo building itself is fa\H2, tho foundation ol
which is built of Iir trees about (i-inches iu
diameter Stood on end close together, the rest
of the building is frame und is built most sub-
siuntiully. The boiler and other brewing-machinery wore brought from Spok&ue, while the
fermenting tubs are of local make. The brewery Is thoroughly equipped und bus a dally earn.city of 211 barrels. At present, thoy nre ,only
brewing twice a week, but Ibis will bo hioreused
us the senson ndvunccs nud the deiiinnds for it
increases. , „,..
Mr. Thii To'wnend, the original proprietor of
the establishment, is a trained brewer second
to none ill Hie province nud deserves -rrreat
credit for his pluck and perseverencc hij'S.tub-
lisliing a business suoh us he now has, "while
Mr, He.-dlt.is a thorough business man unci a
good snlestnun, These gentlemon therefore
muke a strong tcum aud their success Is assured,
Bonds of Electric, Steam
or Horse Car Railways
PLACED   AT   SHORTEST   N0TI0E
Persons having mining or other Properties that will
bear investigation, can have a Company promoted, or
sell them, by addressing	
MANHATTAN INVESTORS & SECURITIES CO, Ltd.
17 and 19 Broadway, Now York City.    London  olliees:—Chiswell  House, No.
bid Finsbury Pavement, London, E. C, England.
GRAND FORKS MEAT MARKET,
-—■ K. A. MATTHES, PROPRIETOR.
All kinds of Meats, German Sausages and Head
Cheese always on hand.
SECOND STREET, GRAND FORKS, B. G,
(irand Opening.
The COsmos hotel wm forma ly opouc-l tV the
public lust Wodnesday oveulng, and ia now pro*
pared to oater to the wants .>f thy travelling
public. This houfto ia without doubt the best
ami most comfortably furnished house in Grand
Porks, and those who aro fortunate enough to got
aec unmodationa in theCosmoa'ean congratulate
themselve, us the proprietors will spare no
pains to see that their patrons are provided
with every comfort possible. Tlie culinary department will lie under the direct suppervlsion
ot Mrs. A. V. FrcBlar* who has aoqulrlcd a reputation an a caterer second to none in tlie
Kettle river valley. The bar will always be
provided with thclinest brands ol' liquors and
cigars and will be iu charge of a first class mix-
ologlst.
TVT*)Tii;|.: is HEftEBY GIVEN THAT 00 DAYS
IN after date hereof t intend to apply to the
Honorable, the Chief Commissioner of Lands
a id Works un- permission to purchase so acres
of land, situated on the North Fork nf Kettle
river and described as follows: Commencing
at the south west corner of lot717, Osoyooa Division YaU- District, thence west 20 Chains, thence
north ID chains, thence cast 20 chains, thence
south U) chains to the point of commencement.
ROBERT CLARK.
Grand Forks, B, ih, March 2, 1897
NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS
Asstssmknt Act and Provincial Revk-
nue Tax.
Rock Creek Division of Yale. District.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, In accordance
with the statutes, that Provincial Revenue
rax and all Tuxes Levied under the Assessment
Act are now due fnr the year 1S!*7.
All of the above named Taxes collectible
within tlie Rock Creek Division of Vale Dis-
trlct are payable at my nllice at Osoyoos, H. C.
Provincial Revenue Tax. $8 per year.
Assessed Taxes are collectible at the following
nites; vi/.: —
li paid on or before June :;i). 18871—
Throe-fifths of one percent on Real Property
two and one-half per cent on the assessed value
of wild land, one-naif of one percent on Pergonal property, on so much of the income of
any person as exceeds ouethousaud dollars, the
following rates, namely:—Upon such excess
wheu the same is tot more than ten thousand
dollars, one per cent; when such excess is over
ten thousand dollars una not more than twenty
thousand dollars, one ami oiie-uiuirter of one
oer cent; when such excess is over twenty
thousand dollars, one and one-half of one
per cent.
If paid on or after 1st nf July, 1S!)7:—
Four-fifths of one per ceut oi Real Property,
■ hree per cent ou the assessed value of Wild
bind, three* quarters of one p#r cent on Personal
I'roperty. On so much ol the income of anv
p rson as exceeds one thousand dollars tlie following rates, viz:—Upon such excess, when tbe
-■•nine IS not more than ten thousand dollars,
■cie aud one-quarter of one porcent; when
such excess is over ten thousand dollars and
not more than twenty thousand dollars, one
aud one half of one per cent; when such excels is over twenty Jtho isand dollars, one and
three-quarters of one percent.
Ian  -2, 1897. C. A. LAMBLY,
Assessor and Collector.
CERTIFICATE   OF   THE   REGISTRATION   OF  A
FOREICN COMPANY.
"Companies' Aot," Part IV, and amending Acts,
"The Bonita  Gold Mining Company'
(Foreign).
Registered tho8tli day nf February, 1SH7.
T HEREBY CERTIFY that L have Ibis day reg ■
1 lstered "The Bonittc Gold Mining Company"
(Foreign), undor the "Companies' Act, l'art
I,., "Ri-Kiati.itiiin of Foreign Companies," and
amending Acts,
Tho head office of thu snid company h sitimt*
,,1 ut the tiij- of Spokane,! State of Washlng-
inn. U. s. A.
The objects for which the Company Is cstab-
llshod are:—To buy sell, lease, bond,mortgage
and convoy auy mining property whloh said
Company may acquire within British Columbia
or within tho Unltod States ol Amorloai in op1
orttto mild niiiiilli; proporty, ninl In dn nil n	
easary work therein [or lhe* development mid
operation ol thosamoi also to oonstrnot, maintain nud operate trails, nimbi or IIiu-h nf transportation, either by water or by land! to build
li.imcs or ditches, to aeouiro water powor utui
rights, and olootrloor other motor power, nud
i" 1'iim* <>r si'li thu iamo] to oroot mills,
Miielllug or reduction works for public or prl-
villi" usu, ninl In ind to carry on n general in in
i igbuslnessln nil ol its unions departments
lu ooinpllanoo uitb tin* lnu» undor whloh ilm
sildUompany  shall ,>i>,iiiiu In the Province ol
rltlinCohanbla,Canada, and in ihe uuit,d
statesof A lea, and to do all other business
v. lilch niny in* luoldentally neoosBary lor the
carrying out uf tho general purposo oi suld
i umpauy,
1'ho capital stock of i ho said Company is on,,
i liiinii dollars, divided into one million Bhares
,n tho par value of ouo dollar oaoh.
Glvou under ray bund mid seal of ofllco al
\ lotorla, Province of liritish Columba, lids 8th
day oi February, Isn?.
p.. x.t S. Y. WOOTTON,
Registrar of'Joint Stock Companies,
Colonial and Foreign Mining Regulations,
CILBERT W. A. RANKEN, B. 80., M. E., AND E. E.
Prospects for the precious metiils and gems
Organizes prospecting and exploring parties.
Examines and reports on milling properties.
Willi Colin Campbell,
GRAND  FORKS, B. 0.
PEO. B. STOCKIMG,
EXPERT WATCHMAKER
Watch Repairing My Specialty.
All Work Warranted.
GRAND   FORKS,
B.   O.
A
l. Mcdonald,
Contractor and Builder,
GRAND   FORKS,   B.   C.
Plans and specifications drawn, estimates furnished on all kinds of building. Work strlotly
first-class..
T   S. HARRISON,
MIDWAY, B. 0,
Searcher of Records.
Notary Public;
ABSTRACTS PROMPTLY FURNISHED.
p IOIIARD THBRIEN,
BLACKSMITH,
CRAND FORKS, B. C.
Does all kinds  of   kinds  of  repairing and
horse shoeing.   All work nauranteed.
H,
II. HUFF.
BLACKSMITH.
GREENWOOD CITY, B. 0.
Does all kinds of repairing ami horseshoeing.
Work strictly flrstolass.
vV,E
E. STACHE,
Bath  Rooms,
AND TONSORlAL PARLORS.
RIVEKSIDE,
GRAND FORKS
J,
P. MoLEOD.
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
ANACONDA,
B. C.
A     O SUTTON.
Barrister at Law,
Notary Public, Etc.
ORAND FOi-'KS,
B.C.
H RAND FORKS HOTEL
Barber Shop.
Centrally Located.   All Work Gauranteed to he
FirBt-ClaSB in every Respeot.
PETER A. Z* PARE,
PROPRIETOR
MINERAL ACT 1896.
(FORM V.)
Certificate  of  Improvements Notice.
SAETTLE MINERAL CLAIM*
Seattle Mineral Claim, situate in tho Kettle
ltlver Mining Division of YuleDlstrlct.
Where loonted —In brown's enmu on the west
(Idu uf the North Fork of Kettle river.
m.VKE NOTICE that I, F. \Volliistoii;ar.tingns
J. agent for the Seattle Mining & Smelting
Company, (Foreign), free miner's certificate No.
07,448, Intend 60 days from tho date hereof, to
apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate
ot Improvements for the purpose of obtaining a
Crown Grant of the above claim.
And furtner take notice that action under
section !i7 must be commended before the iusu-
ntice of sueh bertilieato of Improvements,
Dated this L'Otli day of November, 1896.
F. WOLLASTON.
NOTICE
The beet wire spring in tlio world W
in:tdo in Grand Forks. I ulso do all
kinds of lino furniture und other
REPAIRING,
RUBBER   STAMPS,
und Souls.    Agent Tor tlio host makes ot
Sewing machines.   Also tlio Huminei
I iuyo.li'.
,/. II'. JO NES, GRAND FORKS, D, 0
All Roads Lead to Carson.
ED. DRISCOLL,
Dealer in General
MERCHANDISE,
Carries a Complete Line of
Groceries,
Dry Goods,
Clothing,
Boots and Shoes,
Also a Full Dine of
Harness, Saddles, Bits, Spurs)
Etc., Etc. j
HS-REPA RING PROMPTLY ATTENDED T0-J3"

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