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The Grand Forks Miner Feb 5, 1898

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Strange March Witnessed by n Prospector in the Lava Beds-Herd Approaches thc Water When the Dignified Buck treat Signals.
Canyon of Tres Aluuioa.
No region in the world possesses ns
much of weird grandeur as tlie linn
beds of Arizona. No portion of this
wild district is so weird, so fantastical-
ly wild »s the narrow canyon of Tres
Alamos. Securely hidden In lhe mountain fastnesses, It Is the most forbidding of ull tlie iiiaiiy gulches with
which the region abounds. Vegetation
Is almost absent. But lliree evidences
of what more favorable ground might
do are present. These are the three
cottouwood trees which give lhe canyon Its name. The rocks whicli compose the sides nnd Horn* of this strange
canyon are what arc known as conglomerate among prospectors. Thoy
contain a badly mingled mass of materials, Including (he precious metals,
but they are so fearfully mixed that
they nre useless for any scientific purpose. Pew men have ventured Into
the canyon, sllll fewer would care to
remain longer than necessary to drink
of the spring which gushes out of the
rocks ut lhe roots of the trees.
No man who has prowled about Arizona has seen wilder sights than L. J.
Court. He Is a prospector who has
passed many years wandering nbout
lhe Territories lu search of pay dirt.
lie ls known ull over the Pacific coast
and has been In every nook of the
dreary region where the enrlh vomited
out Ils Hoods of lava rock. He put In
peroral days and nights In Tres Alamos and witnessed the wild animals
on their nightly visits to Ihe spring for
wuter. He recently made a visit lo
Phoenix nfter having remained In the
canyon for a lime, lie relates an Interesting slory of his observations
while out lu lhe lnvn beds. He describes the canyon nnd Iheu continues
as follows:
A Wonderful Country.
A cold spring pours out of tho solid
rock and diallers Ils way noisily down
the narrow canyon. Here, ut the dead
of nlghl, come the beasts of the barren
mountains for miles around to drink of
outlined against the sky.   tn n moment
his snort was answered by the patter
of many feet, and he was surrounded
by a pack of deer.   1 counted eighteen
ln all.  The big buck ventured cautiously down the lava slope, anil wheu half
way down he halted, tossed his antlers
nbout as he sniffed the air, and theu
gave another musical snort.    At this
signal on came the rest of the pack.
They hailed Just behind him.   Then he
ventured further down, and presently
stood so close to me thut 1 could huve
hit hlm with n pistol shot. Here he balled again, aguln tossed bis head up and
j down, right and left, then guve nnother
i short nnd the rest of the puck cunie up.
I    "Three times lu tills wny Ihey baited.
j Always lhe buck acted us scout, und no
i one advanced till he gave the signal.
i Arrived at the water, the buck waded
111 a few steps, then signaled for the
others   to advance   und   drink.    And
j wlille Ihey drunk he fell buck of them
Several yards nnd stood there ns guard
tint it they hurl finished.   Such nil alert
j scout no hitman being ever mnde. And
there wns a world of pride nmi dignity
In hlm ns he stood there and watched
and waited. Surely, he realized lhat
the fate of the entire puck depended
upon hint, nud his honors nnd responsibilities snt heavily upon hlm. 11 took
the puck perhaps ten or fifteen minutes
to satisfy Its thirst. Then It moved
buck from (lie water nnd stood neur the"
buck. Now It wus the buck's turn to
drink.- He strode forth, bent his head
and drew in great draughts of the cool
water. But he drunk with his dignity
still upon hiin. The puck waited for
him. and when lie wns once more at Its
head there was n wild scramble up tlie
jugged shies of the bluff.
Other Animals Seen.
"I was fascinated by the spectacle
and resolved to witness It nguiii. So
1 stayed nnother night. The performance wns repeated exactly. Again ou
the third ulght they came to drink iu
the snme way, nnd tlie next night and
tlie next, nnd so ou. till It dawned upon
me that'I must quit loafing and get
buck to work. Of course, the deer
srented me nt-onee and knew all along
just where I lay, but 1 kept very still
and they did uot seem (o mind me.
"The smaller anlmnls came at all
times of (he nlghl, and the smaller they
were the more noise they made. The
foxes were the slyest of all and the
most timid. They go on a dead run nil
Ihe lime, with their* heads always wriggling from side to side. The first time
they sniffed my presence at camp they
the miming waters. And here, lying
quietly In the moonlight, I have been n
silent spectator of some of the queerest
sights that man's ryes ever beheld. I
have seen the deer und the wildcat und
tliu coyote's uud lire tufted lynx, and
even a lumbering ciniiuinon bout* or
two, come here to drink. I hnve lulu
quite still In the moonlight Und watched Ihem for hours, and there Is uo more
filscluallng spectacle to be seen In thc
"It Is a wonderful country, and no
man ever set foot Into u wilder region.
There nre three Cottonwood trees,
where the spring pours out of tlie rock,
and along tlie banks of the creek uro
many willows. Nenr the spring Is a
level spot of ten ncres. The lirst night
I camped there I was tired. But after
that. I stayed on for two weeks because
ot the wonderfully weird charm of the
plnce. The walls of the canyon are
marvels of conglomerate mnlpals or
lava. There's gold, Iron, copper, cobblestone, granite, marble, sandstone
and silver ore ull ground up lu a mountainous mass lhat is as bare of vegetation as lhe day It poured from the heart
of the earth. It was vomited forth In
the most hideous shapes Imaginable,
and seen In the moonlight these shnpes
take on all kinds of horrible and wonderful aspects. It's a region worth
traveling miles to see, and you cun
reach It in a day's l*pe from Congress.
Buck Acta as Scout.'
"But the average man who goes there
will not see what I saw in the moonlight, I'll tell you how tlie deer come
to drink—It's the prettiest sight In the
world. The first night I wns on the
point of going to sleep, when I heard
a snort from the top of the bluff above
me. I looked, and (here was a big buck
with magnificent antlers standing on
the very brink, his dusky figure sharply
made a wild Scamper back to cover behind the rocks, but presently they ventured out again, and, after three or four
essays, they finally came down uud
"I suw only one bear. He wus a prct-
ly big fellow, but I huve seen lots bigger. He came down the bluff like n big
pig, his nose rooting lu the ground at
every step. No, I wasn't nfrald of him.
There Isn't an animal In America, I believe, that will touch muu unless man
makes the attack. Ile eame within a
few yards of me. stood still and stared
at me. 1 met his gaze calmly and, I
iM-lleve, fearlessly. Then he went on
to tlie water, waded boldly In and
drunk his till. Of ull tlie animals that
came to drink there ouly this gruff nnd
during old cinnamon liear went nbout
his business fearlessly. Even the coyotes and bob cats moved cautiously,
and would hnve turned tall and scampered off If I had stirred about. But
Bruin wns uot that kind of an animal.
"I prospected In the region a little,
but In a day or so I saw there could be
nothing located there. Tlie lava ls of
loo recent a date, und the conglomerate
altogether too conglomerated to lie of
any use whatever, lu the early days
there was n picket iwst nt Tres Alamos,
and the larger bluft back of the spring
Is the famous Signal butte that you
have read nbout lu Capt. King's novel
by that name. You can't Imagine what
a weird nnd uncanny sight It Is ln the
moonlight, nor what entrancing sights
I have witnessed there when the deer,
the bear, the lynx, the coyote and the
fox come out of their hiding places In
the dead of night and drink at the
There ere as many chumps to the
block ln Chicago as In nny country
town In the West.
Greyhounds of the Sens Are Growing
Bigger anil Faster.
The new flyer, Kaiser Wilhelm der
Crosse, which, by u Complication of
genders upon which the Inventor of
the German language himself could
hardly hnve improved, Is to lie the
"queen of the sens" until the still newer Oceanic robs "her" of this distinction, brings up, us euch of her predecessors bus done In her turn, the qiies-
lion whether there Is nny assignable
limit lo the advance on ihe Athiniic
ferry.    Is ll  worth while to burn Win
ions of coal u duy, amounting lu tho
course of u voynge Ion good-sized ship,
for the suite of gaining two or three
knots of speed?
Export opiulon, ns evidenced by the
Infallible test of willingness to   risk
money on II, seems to be thut It Is. At-
(antic Steamers keep on growing big
ger and bigger nnd fasler and faster
year by year, 'l'he Knlser Wiliielm
der Crosse develops three times the
liowcr Hint hns yet been obtained nl
Niagara, nnd the Oceanic will be driven
by a force a third greater than that
If there Is enormous expenditure of energy while the need lusts, the drain is
soon over. The Atlantic voynge is reduced to a sprint. A twenty-three
knot ship can ninke two round trips in
a year more than one of the twenty
knots, nud, when she ulso carries from
20 to 40 per cent, more on each trip,
there Is considerable margin for coal
Twenty years ago (lie commercially
attainable limit of speed seemed a matter of very simple calculation. It was
somewhere between sixteen and nineteen knots. Unimpeachable mathematical formulae showed that the power
required to drive a vessel Increased us
the culie of the speed, and 11 was soou
evident thai, at this rate, the cost of
rapid transit would soou become prohibitory; but the builders persistently
kept ou until they confouuded the
mathematicians, They proved that the
terrifying formulae were accurate
within only certain limits, and that
when the wearying hill between sixteen nnd nineteen knots was surmounted there was comparatively easy traveling on the other side.—New York
Kansas Once Inhabited by a  Breed of
Insects Now Extinct,
l-'ifly dollars seems an extravagant
price to pay for one beetle. Yet Kansas wus once Inhabited by such Insects,
und they sold rend-
lly for tliat much
and sometimes for
Twenty-one yean
ago I wo young scl-
enilsts, Prof. S. W.
Wlllistou and Hr.
II. A. Brous, while
e x p 1 o ring    thn
branches  of  (he
Smoky   Hill   Ulver
for fossil remains,
came ncross I Ii e
rarest of beetles,
tin. ii ii.Mr.'hiin, be.
longing to the fiun-
' am kxpk.vkivi* niro. Hy of voracious tl-
i ger beetles, the highest type of these
; Insects.
Muring the remaining days spent ln
j the field the two naturalists studied the
I insects' hnbils closely.    They learned
| tliat this species wns even more  ferocious   In Its mil ure thnn other mem-
I tiers of the tiger beetle family.     The
larvae    dig   holes nboui a foot deep.
j Climbing by two sharp slckel-shaped
| mandibles to the toji of   the burrow,
with jaws open, level wllh the ground,
they wnlt for nny unwary prey  that
attempts to cross the opening.    They
are not only carnivorous but combative.   If a stick or straw lie thrust luto
the hole the angry grub will fasten ou
It with a tenacious grip, and will  be
dragged from ils hole rather thnn give
up Its supposed enemy.
In ten dnys 1,170 specimens were
taken. "The ground wns so thoroughly
stripped of beetles," snid Hi*. Willlston
In his office In Snow Hull Museum, nt
Iynwrence, "tliat subsequent expeditions sent for years afterward from
jKastern museums were never able to
earn their suit. If the beetles could
.have been sold ut prices pnid in 18T0
they would hare brought more thun
Cause u Whole Lot of Trouble When
They Go to a Theater.
Tlie outward and visible sign of the
presence of royalty at a London theater is the Guard of Honor, composed of
a corporal's guard of grenadiers stu-
tioued outside the doors.
At the houses bearing the title "Royal," Mrury Lane, the Haymarket and
the Coveut Garden, the Guard of Honor ls nlwuys mounted tbe year round
while performances are given. Thus
in case royalty should make up its
mind ut the last moment to look In the
manager would be prepared. Although
the Prince of Wales always pays well
for his theatrical amusements, there
Is also Increased trouble and expenditures Incurred by the bouse, of which
outsiders have no idea.
At Mrury Lane Theater there Is attached (o (he box a drawing room beautifully upholstered in old gold and
tapestry. A couple of bottles of wine,
a box of cigars and a case of the
Prince's favorite cigarettes are laid ou
the table. There Is also the program—
a white satin square—upon which the
cast is printed ln gold. If It is the
Princess of Wales whom they are entertaining the managers provide a bouquet, which Is placed on the ledge of
the box.
It ls understood that ordinarily when
members of ^he royal family visit the
theater they nre Incognito, and unless
the orchestra strikes up the national
anthem, tlie majority of the audience
arc not aware of their presence. If the
anthem Is played it is a sign that the
visit is a formal one and the audience
rises as a murk of respect.
Historical  Edifice  Which Was   Damaged   hy the Recent  Fire.
This historic edifice, which wus bndly
damaged in the recent great fire in 1-ou-
|Son, dates from 1345, In which year it
Iwas rebuilt after a tire. It Is the burial
place of Foxe. author of the "Book of
Martyrs,"  i'roblsher,  the Arctic voy-
Strong Fate I.i tie Shows a Person Whc
Will Receive High Honors.
The line of fate begins at the bracelets thnt surround the wrls.t and extends ncross the palm of the hand to
the base of the
middle finger. It
Is seldom as
straight as Is indicated by the black
line ln the Illustration, but zigzags
back and forth,
occasionally d I s -
appearing or run-
n I a g Into other
lues. A good fate
Hue shows a per-
III Lisniir 1'a.mk. son who will receive high honors In life. Accompanied
by a good head line, It shows a person
who will mukeutlnntidal success of life.
When the line of life Is weak a good
fate line will strengthen it and prolong
life. People with great vitality always
have good fate Hues. Breaks In the
line Indicate losses—the more breaks
the more losses. Two parallel Hues indicate double success. A branch line
from the fate line to the line ot life Indicates thnt the Individual has been
controlled by fate all Ills life. Spots on
the fate line Indicate losses by fire.
The absence of the fnte line Indicates
n subject who will lead a humdrum
life .without either experiencing great
losses or great successes.
■iger, and Milton. At Its nllnr Cromwell wns married to Elizabeth Bow-
irhier Aug. 20, 11120. The church wns
founded In 101)0, nnd the orlglnul cdl-
jiee stood until toward tlie end of the
fourteenth century, when It wns replaced by the one destroyed In 1545.
fl'he building ns It stood before the flre
(was substantially us reconstructed at
Ithat time.
High Prices Charged Here.
This is a picture of the first restaur
runt In the YuHoii gold fields.   It can
rlvnl uny American hotel in the mat
ter of prices charged. It ls the chief
store lu Rampart Cily, the town which
grew up In a couple of weeks nfter the
rush to the gold fields begun.
Oue million nud a half of men work
ln the conl mines of the world. Of
these Greut Britain has 535,000; United States, 300,000; Germany, 285,000;
Belgium, 100,000; Russia, 44,000. The
world's miners of metal number 4,000,-
There ls a 'urge class of people in the
world who do not cure whether you
are moral or not, so long as you make a
big pretense of IL
A wag who, for a consideration, helped the Cincinnati police court to distinguish between the Innocent and the
guilty, got off a good thing.
His honor asked un officer who the
prisoner wus.
"A Russlun, your honor." '".
"His name?"
"I can't pronounce It, your honor."
"Spell It, then."
"What ls he charged with?"
Then Carl Nlppert, the wag, jumped
up and said, "Sod« water, your honor,
I should say, by bis name."
A man may wake his first baby Just
to see It laugh, but he never disturbs
the peaceful slumbers of tbe second
ilirdliug   the   Karlh   with   Them—In
Case of War.
A cable will  be  laid  next summer
i from Scotland to Iceland by wny of the I
I I-'nroe Islands.    The Icelandic parliament hns voted n subsidy to the enter- ,
J prise.   Il is believed lhat Great Britain
I will connect Ireland with British Amer- j
i Ica by cable, so us to give her another
j cable route to this country, savs I,es- '
He's Weekly.
Less thnn fifty years ngo the lirsl oa-
! ble wns laid between Grent Britain and
I the American continent.   Now u cable
• Is hild every year.  The lnsi transatlantic cable wus lnld by the Commercial
j Cable Company In 1804,   bul   many
\ smaller cables hnve been luid since.
i .lust now the Interest of lhe world, or
: so much of ii as is absorbed by the cable question, Is centered lu the eonuer-
I tion between the American continent
und the fur west under   the   Pacilic
1 ocean.   Greut Britain bus undertaken
j to lay it cable from British Columbia
to Australia by way of the FIJI Islands.
At the snme time two American com-
ponies are struggling for the privilege
of lnylng n cable from our    western
coast lo Japan nnd China by wuy of
Hawaii.   When one of lhe.se Pacific cu* j
bles Is completed the earth will bo glr- j
died.    The consummation    hns   been
slow ln coming.    It Is promised at a ;
lime when Teslu claims that he will
soon be able lo telegraph to nny part of
the world or every part of the world
without cables or eveu In ml wires.
There nre ubout 152,000 miles of en- j
lilt's, which hnve cost nbout $200,000,-
000. These figures nre only approximate, because no one knows exactly
the condition of all lhe cables. Undoubtedly some useless and abandoned cables still appear on the map.
Nine-tenrths of the cables of the world
uro controlled by Great Britain, nnrl
eveu American cables make a lirst
landing on British-American soli,
the ten transatlantic cables in use not
one lnnils ln lhe United Slates. Those
which do not land on British possessions lmve I heir termini ou a French
Island. It has beeu suid thnt in cuse of
war with the United States Great Britain would have nn advantage over us
Ihrough her control of the cables. Shu
would not control tlie French cables,
and It Is not likely that she would control lhe Canadian cables lung.
The roule of every cable on the
ocean's bed has been marked and mapped carefully, If we hud trouble with
Grent Britain It would be n comparatively simple thing to send a repair*-
ship out to grapple for fhe cables nud
cut Ihem. It would be difficult to patrol each line, and ll Is altogether likely
thai a conflict between Great Britain
and the United States, if It cniue to
serious blows, would be settled without Interference with the cables.
Words of Wlsttom. and Thoughts
Worth Pondering Upon Spiritual
■nd Moral Subjecta—Gathered from
the Religious aud Secular Press.
How to Serve.
i plain
in   the
Christian; You waut lo
servo Christ; yon
wunt to show your
love for hlm. Vet
your abilities ore
commonplace. You
cannot make n line
speech, you  cannot
write n great book,
you cannot bear the
martyr's     witness,
How  then cun you
turn the eyes of any considerable number of people lo the Lamb of God? Simply, uud surely, by making your Ufa
one of ministration,    Settle definitely
that your consecration shnll show Itself by unselfishness.   In the constant
choices that every day and every hour
brings, choose to sacrifice yourself.  At
all cosls, serve peoplo,    Sloop to the
humblest deeds of helpfulness.   Make
yourself of no reputation.   And say
nothing ubout your sacrifices, your con-
secratlon,   Chrlstllkeuess   speaks   its
own message.   As certainly as the gospel Is true, It will tome to pass thai all
Ihe multitude of people whom your life
touches,  directly  nnd  Indirectly,  will
I see in you the spirit and character of
j Jesus.   By your life Iheir thoughts will
! he turned to His life.   Through you
I thoy will learn to love Him.    Could
, ,-.  angels ask for a greater Hfe-mlssion
tiiu.li thu I?
Through Peace to Light,
I do not ask, O Lord, lhal life uiuy be
A pleasant road;
1 do not ask that Thou would'st take from
Aught of its loud.
I do not ask thnt flowers should always
Beneath my feet;
I know too well the poison nud Ihe sting
Of tilings  too sweet.
Foi  one tiling ouly,  Lord, rleur Lord.  I
Lend mc aright—
riiour'di -i-iviigili gjholTltl fuller*, ninl Chough
lir'ait Bhould bleed—
Through Peace lo Light.
I do nut auk, O Lord, that thou should'-.!
Full radiance here,
Give Inn a ray of peace, that 1 may tread
Without a fear.
Spuro Tlmt Tree.
K is well to think twice before cutting down a line tree. Some claim that
rrin-li a tree in u lield is only "u big
weed," but this Is u narrow view. I-os-
slbly the hay crop mny be slightly diminished, und the hoed crops will not
yield quite as much ns Ihey otherwise
would on account of the tree. But ninn
ought to huve some regard for the
higher Instincts of his nature. If lie
gets so that he can only see beauty lu
plants that huve cash value in the market he dwarfs his nobler faculties.
The ninn who should plnut potatoes
Instead of (lowers in front of his house
t.r understand,
I do not
My way to see;
Better in darkness jusi lo feel Thy band
And follow thee.
Joy is like restless day; but peace di vin,
Like quiet night;
Lead me, I)  Lord—till per-IV
Through Peine to Light
—Adelaide Anne Proctor.
et day shull
would be looked upon as deficient lu | who
lusie, and strangers, nt least, would
gain lhe impression that lie wus uot
only un intensely worldly mnu, but that
he was nlso lucking in mental cultivation. The man who removes a splendid Iree because it takes u few feet of
ground from his lield crops Is doing
himself nnd nil about hlm an injury.
A line tree Is n great object lesson ln
the natural world. It also has a decided value as u home for birds—those
greatly neglected friends of the farmer—and In its effects upon the soil and
the air.—Practical Farmer.
The Value of Sympathy.
Sympathy is magnetic.   It wins men
as nothing else cun.   lu business, in politics, in social life the first element of
success Is u   warm  iieun.    The  ninn
■an  enter  the  heart of another
Lo Acquiring Civilization.
The progress of civilization among
the copper faces has been shown In
many ways, and includes the achievement of high hats uud poker, but the
recent feats of certain Sioux and Roe
Indians nt the North Dakota Fair deserve special mention. These gentlemen Indulged 111 Indian sports, among
through the open door of sympathy is
a welcomed conqueror, Christ won the
world by the manifestation of divine
All true helpers of the race huve becn
men and women of deep compassion.
The poor need our sympathy more than
they need our money. Kindness and
tenderness can do more than medicine
to cure the sl.-k. Pity nud forgiveness,
such ns Christ always showed, alone
eaii raise the fallen and pul  courage
I Into the hear! of the despairing.
I Through syinpnthy one enters Into
the Inheritance of all the good of all
the world. Suppose my friend has suddenly grown rich, In proportion ns 1
rejoice In his success do I come Into
the true possession of nil his good fortune. Suppose my friend hns conquered his lower pnsslous nud hns become
n noble und exalted character, then In
nil this moral exaltation 1 have part
and lor.   if l run capable of enterln
which wus a plc-entlng contest of spe- Into sympathy nol only wllh one friend
elnl merit. To conquer pie mny not be J but wllh muny, nnrl nl Inst with the
the most Intellectual of victories, but It I entire human race we can see how
shows In the conquering race a IU- boundless must be my'Jpy. Here we
perlor and an enduring hardiness. Iflmj *.|l(. gKtB\ „f gladness that must
There nre few enemies so dniigerous (mve nlwuys llllerl the heart of Jesus
nnd subtle ns pie Is.    The Kees and   even In the mldsi of Ills earthly trials
nud sorrows.   Rev. J. I.. Jackson,
Sioux will survive. We cull Ihem savage. Oh, be Just. They are tho victors
lu the Incessant struggle of civilization against pie,—.New York sun.
The Reason for It.
Men's garments buiiou toward the
right side and women's garments usually bulton toward the left side. This
custom dates buck to the time when
citizens were compelled lo go ubout
armed. When n lady look a gentleman's arm she usually walked on his
left side, thus leaving his right arm
free to use his sword to defend her.
Her lefl arm wns thus al liberty and
her garment
opposite from thnt of the gentleman's
In order to suit It.—People's Friend,
liu,nut. Parasites.
Inscrutable fucts arc constantly confronting us iii Nature, We ure al n
loss tn understand why pain nnd evil
nre permuted by n merciful Creator,
Weonnno (comprehend why some creatures nre mnde und nre allowed lo live,
when Ihey nre constantly sapping ihe
vigor of iheir surrounding fellow-beings ami kintlt'ed things. Sonic dny we
may hope to know what utility lhe
parasite possesses In the grand economy of Creation, stupid nmi bloodless,
II* II be .iniiii.il. slimy nnrl foul. If It lie
buttoned from the" side 1 "-gamble, tho thorough parasite clings
to life and clings to the organism on
which il feeds, with u tenacity which
would do credit  lo n more useful be-
Kubber. ^    ling.   But It cannot be blamed, for It Is
Hitherto rubber has usually been so- not accountable, ir hns not free-will,
cured by the wasteful method of cut- and is following ihe only Inw which
ling down the trees. The recent dis- Jims been revealed, nninely. the Inw of
covery thnt the leaves furnish n purer I "Get all you ran. nnrl give ns little."
nnd more copious supply of gum thnn But there nre human pnrnsltes, nlso
the trees promises to produce a great j and they cunnot so easily escape their
just condemnation,    We do not refer
to those poor, shnmbliiLg unfortunates
who, being the victims of unpropltlotis
l circumstances or, too often,   of   their
base   appetites   mid   passions, throw
themselves  in  dcsperullon upon    the
,    ,,      ,      ,      ,   , chnrltv of their more prosperous and
the woman Who b enclies her hair nev-    .       , „ ,, ,   .       '   ,        ....
.   , ,   . ., , I frugn   follows.        s rot these, but the
er fool any oue but thomselv-
.'hange In thut Industry.
Overstudy sometimes makes men
nind. An understudy often hns a slui-
Hat effect upon nn actress.
The mun wbo dyes his whiskers and
more opuleui parasite, rather, who nel-
ther toils nor spins, nud yer lives sump-
luously ou ihe Industry and thrift of
his neighbors. By accldenl of birth, or
by lhe piny of fortune, he is possessed
of wealth, which menus opportunity,
and opportunity implies responsibility,
and thut Implies a sacred trust.
Hoes this parasite accept the trust,
nnrl does he spend liis money nnrl himself for lhe good of Hint society, lire
product of whose labor he largely
holds, oi* for the good of ihnl God who**-*
creature he is?   Nol if he is the muu
whom we hnve In mind, lie seizc-i
every occasion to enlarge his own power und resources. If times ure haul, he
uses Ihem lo buy mortgages und fore
close on unhappy owners. He haunts
the court house, to pick up laud at lux
sales, and gives It back only ou pay
ment of extortionate Interest, in a
thousand ways he uses the stone and
mortar of another's misfortunes tu
build up his Castle of Greed. Bul. If
times lire good, he ls Just us quick and
fertile lo devise ways of turning them
to his own advantage. He absorbs Industries, controls trade, buys Influence,
debauches legislation nud reaps and
holds bis reward. He does everything
but work.—Ram's Horn.
Righteousness uml Salvation*
AI death believers ever gaze toward
the itoss. not to the crown. The word
they need Is, "I will be merciful to
their unrighteousness—to their right-
eousness—and their sins ami Iniquities
will I remember no more." it Is diiti-
eull lu a time like tills which takes the
fact of salvation so easily, to understand bow hard the lirst Christians
found It to believe, and how strong wns
ihe consolation which Gorl administered to them. Remember how the Apostle assured his trembling hearers of lhe
awful. Incredible wonder of the great
salvation. "Wherefore God. willing
more abundantly to show unto the
heirs of promise the Immulablllly of
ills counsel confirmed It by un oath,
thut by two Immutable things In which
it was Impossible for God ur He, tve
might huve a strong consolation who
have lied for refuge to lay hold upon
the hope set hefore us." '"I die." said
a godly minister, "resting on oaths and
covenants and blood." lie utterly abhorred, slighted ami condemned his
own righteousness. Over the grave
where the dust of William Carey -waits
tlie Redeemer's return ure lhe words
so dear lo out* fathers,
A guilty, weak and helpless worm,
On thy kind arms 1 full;
Iti' thou my strength and righteousness^
My ■'* sus ami nr.virl'..
-Hi'. Robertson Kleoll.
Church front One Tree.
A California church was built from
the timber of a single tree. The building i.s iu Santa Rosa, nnd wns edected
for the members of tin- Bnptlst communion of that place, The timber wus
taken from a redwood tree thut grew
in the neighborhood. The interior of
the chuivh wus paneled and finished
with wood, not a panicle of plaster or
*i^^- ?%***'-.
Jtl'II.T   FROM  A   SI.NIIl.l:   TltKK.
other similar niaterlnl being used. The
floors, sealing, pulpit, roof and rooting
were all formed from material taken
from the same tree, and after the building was finished in every particular
stuff enough run taken from it to manufacture 00,000 shingles, besides a large
quantity of scantlings, Joists, and oth
er dimension Btuffs,
A tlrciil  Hymn Writer.
The .rear 1SH2 will have among IU
noteworthy anniversaries tlie one hundred ami fiftieth anniversary rrf the
death of Isaac Watts. Ii will be chiefly as n writer of hymns thai i.e will be
honored by affectionate remembrance.
Of his hymns lhe Christian world bus
chosen a few ns pre-eminent. If he
had written only the hymn beginning,
"0, God, our help in ages past," his
name would hnve a sure plnce 111 the
roll of makers of verse worthy aud des*
lined lo live. A great hymn levels denominational bniTlers. While men nre
talking of Christian unity, or dreaming of It, the hymn, In lis sphere of iniiuence. If only for the moment when
heard or sung,  makes believers one.
rDou't Mention the Briers.
I once met a little fellow on the road
carrying n bnsket of blackberries, nmi
snld to him:
"Sammy, where did you get such berries?"
"Over Ihere, sir, In lhe briers."
"Won't your mother be glnd to see
you eome home with a basketful of
such nice, ripe fruit?"
"Yes, sir,'.' said Sammy, "she always
seems glnd when 1 show her the berries, and 1 don'l tell her anything about
the briers In my feel."
I rode on. But Sammy's remarks had
given ine a lesson; and I resolved that
henceforth In my dally life 1 would try
to think of the berries, and say uotlilng
about the briers.—Rain's Horn, MINER,
,HE MINER is . rjure.l un BaturdaJI, and will
be malted to any a-Jdresain Canada or Uu
United autei fur one jraar oa receipt ot t*v*j
dollars.   Single ropira live cents.
i'OSTBALT ADYSRTI8EMENT9 inserted nl the
rite ot tG per* column inch per month.
the rate of 15 c-.-iit*. per nonpareil line Hrst
innertiou. Advertisements running for a
shorter perlo-J than three mylitiV are claimed
COBRSSPONOEKCE from  (.very  part  of  th
Yale Diraricl and i-oinmiinicatlons upon live
topics   always   acceptable.   Send  in  your
news while it is fresh, end we Vijl flo the
jtjH PltlNTISO turned out ln first-class style
At tiie shortest notice.
Adilrcls F. H. HcCARTEB i SON,
GMSp FnW«|, 11. (.'
Cijiso.1 Lodge I. O. O. F. No. 37-
\. U. U, f. i-.-cnini: lit" q'olflOI in li.e.r
hall at Canon, It C. a ••i.i.n.d invitation ex-
f»dr*}t(..UioJournlngtetl.™niaoif| kq
I Ws   »,. ■*M*i|*. h B.
Uiuich Notito,
.ljHKSHYTKItlAN flUJU.rll—Services everj
A Sabbath in the church at 11 ft. lir. ami 7::'0
p'm. In the school room at llrarril Forks. Sub-
Utli school 10.10 a. in. lir lire school nroin.
Al rrarrifin weoa,y *| D, m.
The Klondyke fever, like most contagious deseases, i$ grqwing in intpqsity
and is spreading rapidly. There is no
Hueition but 1898 will witness a gold excitement the like o( which has never
bo;n |i(*ard of. How ]oi;g it will last
jlepends largely upon the amount of
gold brought out in the spring and the
extent, if any, of new discoveries. For
tne present, at lea-it, all eyes turned
■k'ukon wards and thousands will flock to
fbe northeru gold fields this season, regardless of ennsiquences. The over-
jund trave] wjll be large, even if it is
confined entirely to the overflow from
the coaBt cities.
While wc feel certain that tho Klondike is already lilled with moo people
than there are diggings and that the
gjunihry restrict and the Colville Injun Reservation aSotds better opportunities to nuke mrmey in prospecting
and mining than Klondyke, and would
ail vise no qne to go there in search ol a
fortune, hec^use cigq out of every l.ooo
persons who go ar-* doomed to disappointment. But as long as people are
bound to go and nothing tbe M.neh
could say would stop thpm, we would
like tq see every ono go hy the Spo-
jtaqe toute via Grand Forks. Improved
transportajisn facilities betwrcn oast
points will undoubtedly enable thousands to 1 jach Skaguay, Dyea, St. Mich-
e^ls pr Wriftgel. There are obsta les
between those places and the Kloijdyke
which will take months of hard work
•in-1 enornjous expenditures ol money to
pleaf away ijnd it is a loregone conclusion that no improvements will be com-
plettd in timo to permit the thousand,
who will go that way, pursuing their
jiurney to the promised land this sum-
nier. No such difficulties confront those
who decide to make the trip by the Spo*
kar;r: n:i:ty yia Grand Forks. It is ail
pl.ua sailing from start to finish, that is
.'. proper precautions have been taken
111 the matter of outfitting at the start.
Be sure and see that your ticket reads.
"Spokane Overland Route Via Grand
forks and Ashcroft."
AT the Toronto Young Liberal's
banquet hijld recently, Sir Richard Cort-
wright, in his address, declared thai
whenever the Canadian ministers had
come in contact with the representatives of the United States Government
at Washington they bad found them die-
posed to act in a fair and courteous
spirit. Sir Richard doubtless rightly
describes the situation as it confronted
himself and bis colleagues as individuals. Notwithstanding this ascertion
pf Sir Richard's, the fact still remains
that after the present Canadian minister:;' *;rst to Washington thp dtjties ot
the McKinley tariff were flapped on
Canadian products exported to the
United States, and that after their so-
pond visit, Congress passed a bill whose
purposo was to kilt the Canadian pelagic
sealing industry. Washington's kind
words butter no Canadian parsnips,
yvhile Washington's acts, if tbey pSected
then purpose, would spoil some Canadian dinners.
There ate a grca1 many complaints
that a large portion oftl e trade -'-hich
m.turally belongs to Grand Forks is going to Greenwood and Nelson. The
merchants of Greenwood seem to have
advertisements in their local papers
which is not the case with their rivals
111 this city. There may be a connection
between these  facts.
The Odd Fellows Building and Investment company, limited, has been incorporated under the "Companies Act,
1897," as a limited company with a capital of twenty thousand dollars dividea
into uvn thousand shares of ten dollars
each. The registered office of the company will be situate in the city of Nel
son B. C.
If the dominion government fails to
grant a charter to the Kettle River Valley railway, lhe people of the Boundary
country can find consolation in the fact
that they can set on the fence and see
the reservation traffic go by.
The dominion parliament .vould do a
popular thing it they would give the
Kettle River Valley railway what they
are asking for.
The House will me.it in the new par
liament building on February lolh noxt
at 3 p. m.
The Ontario government proposes to
*tpend $2.'i,«xi in erecting buildings for
a new nqrmql school at London. The
fact (hat some three hundred applications were n*|^de foj* one teacher's position in the western part of the province
pf Ontario, goes to show tbat another
normal school to turn out moro teachers
may be a necessity ol politics, but it certainly is not irom an cducitiou.il stand
Now is t'.e time to bry real estate. It
will be romembertd, last spring, between the first of March and the first of
April there was a greater adyanqe in
jhe price of Grand Forks real estate
than in all the rest of the year. There
is no good reason why the experience
of 1897 will not be repeated in 1898.
The political ball was set 1 rolling in
North Riding of Yale, Friday evening
pf last week at Nicola, by the opening
of fj. B, Martin's camraign. There
seems to be no doubt but lhat G. B. will
catch the North Yale legislative cinnon
ball wilt one band and go right ahead
witli his duties with the other.
Tin: railway petitions sent from Carton to Sir Wilfred Laurier, Hon. Clif
ford Siftor.. Hon. Hewitt Bostock, Hon.
Henry Blair and D. C. Corbin, at Ottawa contained the names of 80 residents' property owners, says the Reservation Record. "Residents' pioperty
awners'' is good undef the circum-itan
Listen to That Boy of Ours.
Tbe Record acknowledges a tall last
Thursday evening from a delegation of
Grand Forks ladies and wishes to apologize to them for au apparent lack of
hospital! y on our part. We had just
closed 30 on copy and were boxing tacks
to the best of our ability while the
main-stay of the office was making up
a form, when we were astonished by a
succession ol shouts in fiont of the
oflice, ranging from high C down to the
deep basso of the lower clef, Wilh a
shooting slick in one band and a column rule in the other vyc responded, to
the call and found that the visit was a
friendly one and that the side arms were
unnecessary. We were about, with
our accustomed gallantry, tn invite all
tho ladjes injo our sanctum, but we
thought of the long galleys of type sitting around on benches, boxes, ar.d
cases, and visions of pi floated like a
chilly wind through the corridors of
our cranium. We were mindful too of
the accumulated rubbish of months
lhat carpeted thc floor and kept the
wanton winter breeze from dallying
with our tender toes, and knowing that
tbe merry faces of our callers would be
clouded if permitted to gaze upon such
a perfect specimen of printing oflice
housekeeping, we kindiy bnt firmly refused to listen to the demands of courtesy and sociability, and permitted our
fair visiters to depart feeling perhaps
tbat they had experienced the sensation ol coining in contact with the icy
heart and frigid ipitt.—Reservation Record.
Cascade City Notys.
Extensive mining operations will be
commenced vyry soon on the St. Elmo
property near Ciscade City, which was
recently purchased by Hon. Joseph Martin and Smith Curtis of Rossland
J. A Coryell, p. L. S. has just finished
surveying tbe water right belonging to
the English Co. that recintly purchased
the wator power at Cascade City tvjr.
Coryell   returned to Midway   Tuesday.
The Townsite Co.of Cascade City are
building a bridge about half a mile below the Boundrayline. A wagon road is
also being made to connect with the
main stage road to Marcus in the vicinitv
of Pete Perres' place. When this road
is completed it will shorten the road to
Cascade some seven miles.
Christena lake is in a most dangerous
condition at the present air holes being
very numerous, a prospector very narrowly escaped drowning last week by
falling into oik of these l;oles.
Fortunatoly for tbe man he was carrying
a twenty foot pole which fact alone
probably saved his life as he pulled
himself out by the help of the pole.
Contractor Molville of Midway who
has been on a trip to the lake, returned
to Midwqy last Tuesday,
The C.P. R. surveyors are at present
surveying in McRea Creek pass.   It is
understood that when they have finished
in that section they will work towards
Grand Forks.
Messrs. Farl an;] {.ynch baye their
new business house nearly completed.
They expect to open a large general
menchandise store about   the   first  of
It the English syndicate who purchased the water power here, carry out
their intentions it will necessitate the
expenditure of nearly nait a million dol
A report Is current that the Cascade
townsite company have refused Siop.ooo
for their holdings here.
Eurekj*. pupjt.
John McCann, of Eureka camp on the
reservation, has sold a portion of his interests in that camp, including a one-
third interest in the Lucky Two, for
$6,000 cash, the Clark Rros. being the
purchasers. One of the considerations
of the sale, it is said, is that a 100 ton
stamp mill is to be erected on tbe property tbis summer.
Manager Brown of tbe Little Coye
property has purchased a complete
pumping and hoisting plant for that
property. The machinery was purchased in the Okanogan country and js
being delivered at the mine by Prank
Truax who has the contract for '-.auling.
Frank Evens, an enterprising mining man of the camp, went to Grand
Forks lust Monday returning an Tuesday.
The crusher for the Republic company arrived last Monday irom Marcus
in good shape.
Mr. Diamond has tbe contract of furnishing 630 cords of wood for the Little
Cove company.
The Republic company arg working
two shifts in the erection of their mill.
Chss. B:nson made a flying trip to
Grand Forks this week.
Dr. Man'y was among the visitors If*
Grand porks this week.
The British Columbia Gazette of Jan.
2*jth contains the announcement of the
appointment ot Stanley Smith, to be a
coror-er, within and for thp Grand Forks
Mining division of Vale electorial district _
Also the notice of the appointment of
William Graham MeMynn, ol the town
of Midway, to be a deputy clerk of the
peace, within and for the county of
Comic   Sentimental and Ornamental.
Being St. Valentine's Day's Miss Zoe
jHcCarter Desires to Infoi>n the
Public That Her Stock of
Will be open for inspection on Tues
day, Feb. 8th, 1898, and invites every
oue to call and inspect the same.
School Board Meets.
A meeting of the school board was
held op the «nd of Jan. last when arrangements were made for thq making
of necessary repairs ancj cleaning o{ the
sc^poj ho\]sc.
The South half to Be Opened to Mining
Senators Wilson and Turner, of Washington, U, S. A , Jiave agreed to introduce an amendment to tbe Indian appropriation bill for opening the sou h-
ern half of tho Colville Reservation, in
thu state of Washington, to mineral locations. It wili be remembered that at
Ihe last session of Cougiess an unsuccessful attempt was made to bave the
sputlicrn portion ol this reservation
opened for mineral locations, *nd thc
general impression seemed to prevail
that nothing would be done at this session of congress to let in tbe mining
men, therefore, this announcement
comes as a surprise to tbe public. In
tbe event (hat Me srs. Turner and Wilson are successful in there efforts to
have the south half of ihe reservation,
with its numerable wealth of gold and
silver, thrown open to settlement this
spring it drill be done by proclamation
of the president, as was done in the eilg*}
of the north half. This proclamation,
it is hoped, will be so issued that the
land may be entered in May or April.
Associated Charities Club Meets.
A meeting otthe Associated Charlities
Club, was held at Mrs W. Johnsons residence last Wennesday at this meeting five
new members were admitted Mr. Fred
Walloston being present handed over to
the treasurer ofthe club $22.50 being
proceeds of the rocent masquerade ball.
The meeting then decided to give a
New England supper and Valentine
social on Friday tbe 11 th inst. just be
fore St. Valentine's day. The new
Englnndsocial is considered a most enjoyable affair, it consists of the serving of
hotbakesbeans. brown bread andcoffee.
The yalentine social is also capable of
creating much fun for the young people,
and everyone should attend.
After discussing seveial miner matters relative to the association the meeting adjourned until the last Wednesday
in February, when a meeting will be
held at the residence of Mrs. Jpsaph
Sieigh Ride and Dance
A merry sleighing party and dance
was given last evening by the members
of the Whisper Club. The party consisting of e,bout twenty couples, left
Grand Forks about 8 o'clock in the
evening, in two four-horse sleighs and
drove to Nelson's hall, sjtuatsd on the
boundary line at Carson, where they
were met by a delegation from Carson
and Nelson, nnd for two or three hours
joy reigned supreme, and the light fantastic was tripped to lively music furnished by t$essrs. Sheads and Day.
About 12 o'clock the party drove
home and partook of an oyster supper
at the Delmonico restaurant. Nothing
occurred on the entire trip to mar the
plea-ure of the particpams, and much
credit is due to Mesrrs. Keough, Wol
laston and Sheads, tbe officers of the
organization, for the royal manner in
which the club entertained their friends.
City Council Meet.
The regular weekly session of the
city council met yesterday with Alderman Davis in the chair, after the minutes of the last meeting had been read
and adopted, Clerk Wollaston read an
invitation from Mr. Speaker Higgips to
tbe city council to be present at the
opening of the local legislature on the
10th inst. fhe clprk was then instructed to send a suitable reply to the communication.
The clerk then read a petition signed
by sixty ot tbe resident ratepayers of
Grand Forks, which prayed that the
council donate a sum of money uot to
exceed S300 to assist iu defraying the
expenses of a delegation tp Ottawa to
assist in securing Mr. Corbin's pbarter.
Alderman L. A. Manly then f^oved
that tbe treasurer be instructed to issue
cheque for J300 in favor of Mr. Armstrong who was tbe chosen delegate of
the board ot trade.
The meeting then adjourned.
To Bridge the Kettle River.
A subscription paper is being passed
around for tbe purpose of raising money
for the construction of 1 bridge across
the Kettle river at first street. This is
the bridge that the government has offered to donate (1,000 toward building, provided the citijons of Grand 1'oiku will
pay the balance, which will only amount
to about (70a. A bridge at this point
is badly needed and it is only a matter
of a short time until it will have tn be
built, and the people of Grand For^a
should do everything possible to secure
this liberal donation on the part ef tne
Cruelty to Animals.
There are some half dozen poor
starved horses tbat have been roaming
about thc town all winter, some of them
are said to be owned by business men
of this city, who apparently dp not care
whether these poor animals live through
thp winter or not. Some few weeks ago
one of these animals completely des
troyedgio worth of sleigh robes, in
front of the Grand Forks hotel.
It is hoped that the city authorities
will take some steps toward compelling
the owners of these starving bqrses to
see that thoy are cared tor at once.
To Purchase Band Instruments.
There is a project on foot among the
musical element of the city to give an
entertainment for thp purpose of raising money for the purchase of a set of
band instruments. The first of the series is to be a minstrel show provided the
talent of the town can be enlisted in the
Notice to Contractors.
Notice is hereby given that the plans
and specifipations for the construction of
a bridge across tho Kettle river, on First
street, cap be sepn at the office of L. A.
Manly, and that sealed tenders will be
received for building the same until
17, a. ip*, Wednesday Feb. 8rh, 189S.
•LA. Ma«ly-
Grand Forks Mining Division.
January 27—Nevada II. B.Tborn, North Fork.
January  28—Alice,   Win.   Landon,   Summit
January 25—Snow Flake ind Snow Bhoe, M. I.
White, Brawn's camp.
Jainii iy BI—Novelty, fraction, E. E. Barchard,
Summit camp.
January 27- Fair May, J. Aehflehl et al,
Canon. F. Graft*et al.
January28—KingRaher, J. Meyers etal.
Jan. 28—Mayflower, al} interest, from Well
McCallum to KUa (Mark.
lirittmi, ull idterest, dm*-'. Hay to Ella Clark.
February 1—Novelty, fraction, all interest, E.
E . Uarchunl to A. H- Harrison.
r>cttle River Mining £HvMof?„
Jan. 29—Long Luke, Long Lake camp, Walter
Frances. \
Jan. 'Jtt—Apex, Central camp, J. J. Harris.        .
Jan.28—C. S. AH.,and P. H., Boundary Creek
Minim: and MllfinK company.
Hidden Treasure. Asaph CUBtleman.
Jan. :il—Myrtle, fract.. Greenwood camp, Forbes Kerby.
Jan. 28—Gold Drop, frac. Greenwood canjp,
Pan BftiMiiahun lo James Moran.
£ Jan. 29— No   y5, li quarter interest, Samuel
Webb t<> John Bell.
Jan. 81—Capital Prize, Lind creek, to John
Wfllr, Thos, Hardy, Kwlng Kelghtler, Johu W.
Lind, Thos. Humphrey. _^_^_
umlcrsinntii intends to apply to the Lie
ottie Oommtnloneri ot the pitjrol (irand
Forks, at their next setting, for a license to sell
li(|tior bv retail on tho prenilncs to bo known us
the Preslar, un lot 9, block 2, in thc city of
Grand Korks. Mitp. A.W. Phkslaii,
His Honour, the Lieutcnutu Governor, has
been pleased to make ihe fuflowlng appointment:—
2ist January, 1893.
Btanijsy Smith, of the Oity of Grand Forks,
Esquire, M, D., to be a Coroner, within and for
the Grand Forks Mining Division of the Yale
Electoral District.	
B.C.Mineral Claim (Lot 882) situated in tho
Grand Forks Mining Divison of Yale District.
Where located:—Summit Camp near the On?
tin in Mineral claim.
TAKE NOTICE thatT.Isaao H. Hallett, an agent
" for Albert Keough, Free Miner's certificate
No. 89788, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder lor u certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice tliat action, under Bcp-
tion 87, must he commenced before the Issuance of euch certilicate of improvements,
I.  II,  IUlLET.
Dated this Oth day of November, 1897.
JOHNSON,  at thp  Miner
oflice and have write yoy a policy
A Rltting of tho County Court ot Yalo will be
holden hi
Midway, on Thursday, the 10th Day
of March, 1898,
at 11 o'clock in thc iorcnuon.
By command w. 0 McMVNN.
Government GlIlQe, Midway, B. C.l    I). K. U. C
Jamjary, I,. 1S9.1 I	
A silting ot Ihe County Court ot Yule will be
holtlun at
Orand Forks on Honday, 14th Day of
March, 1898.
at 11 o'clock In thc forenoon,
Ilv command «■ K. ALMOND,
Government OHIce, Grand Fork., |   D. K. C. C.
11,1)., Jan. 27.1898, I
Assessment Act and Provincial Revenue Tu
Act Rqck Creek Division ol Yale District.
dancc with the statutes that Provincial
Revenue Tax, and all other Taxes levied
under'the* Awesflment Act, ure now due for the
vear lStts. All the above taxes collectable within the
Rock Creek Divison of Yale District,
arc payable at my oflice at Osoyoos, Y'ale Dls-
irlct. ' •       r
ABsesged taxes, iuc collectable at the following rates, viz;
|f Paid oo ar Before Jun,e 30th. 1898,
Three-fifths of one per cent, on real property.
Two and oue-half per cent, on assessed value
of wild land.
One half of oue per cent, on personal pro-
pert v.
Ou so muoh of the Income of any person as
exceeds one thousand dollars, the following
rates, namely; Upon 8\lch excess of'income, when the same ls not more than ten
thousand dollars, one percent; when such ex-
resB is over ten thousand dollars and not more
than twenty thousand dollars, one aud pne-
<lmirier of one per cent.; when sueh exee»s
is over twenty thousand dollars, one and oue-
half of one per cent.
If .'aid Aitet July 1st, \m.
Four-tlfihe of ouo pM cent, ou real property.
Three per cent, on Ine assessed value of wild
Three-fourths of pue per cent, on personal
On so much ofthe Income of any person as cx-
oecds one thousand dollars the following piU'.n,
Upon such cxcobs when the same, is, not more
than ten thmiKund dollatt,, line ftw, one-quarter
percent; when such excess Is over ten thousand dollars and less than twenty thousand
dollars, oue aud oue-half of one per cent; wheu
minli excess Is over twenty thousand dollars,
one and three-quarters of one per pent.
Provincial Itevenve Tax 18.00 per capita.
C. A. R. Lamui.y, Assessor and Collector.
Osoyoos, Bi C, Jan. a, 1808'.
Contractor and Builder,
GRAND   FOKKS,   5.   C.
Plan and specification, dt&wn, c.llmnle.fur
ninhcil in ull klud.ot hii(\d(nj. Work;ajrlctly
Urm-clas*,.       '
Go to
Via McElroy's
Stage Line,
Daily stage betwen Grand
Forks. Leaves Grantf Forlrs
7:30 a. m., reaching Eureka
same day, Returning, arrive
in T3ra^d j?0*to ?* \ P* SV.
VICTORIA, by the Grace of God, of the United
Kingdom *-i Qreat Britain and Ireland,
Quken, Defender ot the Faith, <ic,. «fcc., &c.
To Our faithful the Members elected to serve Jn
the Legislative Assembly ol Our Province of
British Columbia at Our City of Victoria—
A.G. Smith, I \l/HERRAS Wo are
Deputy Att'y-General,( VV rf-uslrous and resolved*, as soon us may be, to meet Our people of
OUT Province of British Columbia, and to have
their advice in Our Legislature:
NOW KNOW YE. that for divert causes and
considerations, and taking into cgiicideratlon
the ease aud convenience of Our loving subjects, We have thought lit, by and  with the
advice of Qui Executive Council of tlie Province of British Columbia.to hereby convokc.and
by these presents en foi u you, and each of you.
that on Thursday, tlie Tenth dav of the month
ol February, oue thousand eight hundred mid
ninety-eight, you meet Us in Our said Legislature or Parliament of Our said Province, aiOur
City of Victoria, FOR  THK   DISPATCH   OK
BUSINESS, to treat, do, art, and conclude upon
those things which lu Onr Legislature of the
Province of British Columbia, by the Cpnimuu
Council of Our said Province may, by the favor
of God be ordained.
In  Tkhtimony Whereof, We have   caused
these Our Letters to be made  Patent,
nud the Great Seal ofthesaid  Province
to he hereunto affixed:   Witn'khh. 'ho
ll.iii.innitji-.* Thomas R. McInnih. Lje|i-
tenantGovenor of Our said Province of
Bri llsh Columbia, in Our C(ty of Victoria,
In Our said Proylucu, this thirtieth day
of DooeuiDer, Iij the year of Our Lord ono
thousand eight  hundred   and   ninety-
seven, aud lu the sixty-first year uf Our
My Command.
JAMEB baker,
Provincial Hoerotary
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AN Application wll| he inado to the i'arllraeiit of
Canada at the next session thereof, for an
act to incorporate a Company to construct and
maintain ft railway from a point on the International Boundary Line at oruearCascadeCUy,
British Columbia, thence In a westerly dime:
tion following the valley of tho Kettlo river to
a point on tho said Boundary 'Liiie, at or near
Carson, also from another point on thc said
Boundary Line at or near Midway, thence northerly, following the valley of Houudarv creek
to a point about twenty (20) miles north of Midway, wilh powsr to construct, and iruiintuiu
branch lines and at tho said Boundary Line to
cjmii"*!,; with and to operate the whole lucou-
iunction with the Railway Line of the Spokane
''alls and Northern  Railway Cpmpuny, wHh
power lo the company to obstruct, operate and
maintain telegraph nud telephone lines, as well
for commercial purposes as the business of tlie
railway, and for nil other necessary and usual
Dated the 4th day of December. A. D., 1R97.
Bouwell, Irving a Dukf,
Solicitors for the Applicants.
"11. C," mineral olaim situate in the
Grand Forks mining Divison of Yale district.
Where located:—iu Summit camp.
TAKE NOTICE I Isaac II Ballot, as agent for
■ Albert Keough free miner's certificate No.
89J33, Intend, Blxty days from the date
hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the
purpoFc of obta|n,i'-jj jj, Crown grant of the above
Aiul further take notice tliat action, under
section :t7, must be commenced before the Issu-
auco of such certilicate qf improvements.
I. H. Hallett.
Dated this 7th day of January, 189^,
Vernon, Osoyoos, Kettle River and Grand Forks
Mining Divisions ot'Yale District.
'OTICE IS HEREBY given that all placer
claims legally held in the Vernon, Osoyoos,
Kittle River and Grand Forks Mining Divisions
of Yale District, 11. C, aro laid ovcr from tho
16th day of November, 1897, to the 1st day of
JuHe, 18US, c. A. It. Lambly,
Gold Commissioner.
Osoyoos, II G-, IfpV.lSth W.
Ontario iiim-rml claim, situate In tlie Orand
Forks Mining Itivision of Yale District.
Where located: Summit camp.
TAKK NOTICE that I William Shaw, Freo
' Miner's Certilicate No. 87,526, intend, sixty
days form the dste hereof, to apply to thc Mining Recorder for a Ccrllficste oi Improvements,
for tho purposo of obtaining a Crown Grant of
the ftbftyp (iiatio.
Ari'.l further take notice tliat action, under
sectfo'n H7, mrrst be irniirmernr'cd hefore thc issuance of such Oerlitlt-ale of Improvement..
liaicrl thi. mill day of December, 189V.'
UT E\, ST4CUE, %
Bath  Rooms,
RIVERSIDE,      -      -      .       GRAND FORKS
Q^AND   FQRKS,   B.   C.
Resident Physician & Surgeon.
Provincial Land Surveyor,
And Civil Engineer.
Office, Midifat, a. c.
Associate Member Canadian
Society   nf Cjvli  Engineers.
Solioitoj;, Etc.,
Oltlce, Main Street,    -   GRAND FORKS, B. B.
Provincial Land Surveyor.
C|yil Engineer, Elc
Barber Shop.
Centrally Located.   All Work Gauranteed to ho
First-Class in every Respect.
PETER A, I PARE,     -      -      PROPRIETOR.
Manufacturer of
Spring   Beds,   Mattresses,
GRAND   FORKS,   B.   C.
g-jy-Sjiw Flljiiy au^ all K^ii-Jj pf RsvU'lS'lrJ.
The Bar of The
Contains all the Famous Liquors of the Present day. The
Cigars are from reliable makes
and give out, when |n action,
an aroma that gents the Immediate atmosphere with an
odor that is pleasing to the olfactories of man.
In the billard room of this
hotel the ivory spheres can be
sent In motion whenever th?
Publlp desires.
Spokane FaDs &
Nelson & Ft, Sheppard,
Red Mountain Railways,
The Only All-mil Route, without change j
of cars, between Spokane, Rosa-
land and Nelson.
Going North.                                       Going South !
12:12 s. m MABCUS.  2:28 p. m,*!
Close Connections st Nelson with itesmboats I
for Kaslo and all Kootenay Lake Points.
Psis-mion for Kettle River and Boundary g
Creek connect at Marcus with stags dally,
Oueen Heaters
Are the Best and Cleanest
Heaters Ever Put on the Market.   We Sell Them. j» *
We have tho only complete line of Htovei, tin aud granite
ware, palnttf, of hi, brtiBhea, aash and doora, etc., In the city.
ei/ery respect.
Urge Stock ol New <JMd? Expected; pally.
ick is always kept strictly up to date In e/ery
When In need of anything Ip the Hardware line don't forget to call on
Ti"(£-rJ!ll W.K.G Manly,
Bridge Street, Qrand Forks, B. C.
Dealer In
Tobacco and Cigars,
The Only Place in Town
that Handles Fruit.
reali Supply Received Daily.
Groceries, Salt Meats and Miners Supplies*
gWProspectors and Miners will And It to thpjr intcrejt tn gtve me a call licfors purph Hug
I can savo you monoy.   Full Une of Fishing Tackle lust Received.
Choice Wines Liquors and Cigars,
This hotel is located about 12 miles from Grand Forks up the North Fork.
Good Fishing and Hunting in the vicinity. Meals served at all hours, and
the best of sleeping accommodations. H. P. TORONTO. Proprietor.
Joseph L. Wiseman, Prop
The       ^^^
Grand Forks Hotel.
Is the oldest and leading hotel in the city, and head-
tB     quarters for mining and commercial men    The house
P^yMf     has iust been refurnished and the rooms are unsur-
Eas§p,4forcornfort, nfhile the cusine Is away above par.
All Stages Stop at the House.
Pirst-CIass  Accommodations, Good Stabling, Termius of
Stage Line From Marcus, Washington.
McAuley& Kelghtley,
Everything New and {lest Furnished
House, and is in everyway prepared to
welcome Guests and provide Good Accommodation
Headquarters for Mining Men. hn
of Wines. Liquors and Cigars. Special
attentio.i paid to Transcient trade.
EZRA INBODY,       -       -      ■•';•-•■>      Proprietor.
Boundary Greek Mining Exchange
<& Financial and Mining Brokers «£
Groups of cUims Bought for Stock Companies, Etc., Etc,
0, W. WILMAfl-S, Manager.
Daily from Marcus to Grand Forks
Greenwood City, Arj^gonda, Boundary Falls, Midway
and AU Pqjjnts on Colville Indian Resevatfon.
Sta/e Leaves Marcus on tbe Arrival of the Northbound Train, arriving atJGran*}
Fori- ai £:)*- p. m. Leaves Oie Forks at 4100 a. m., arriving at Marcus in time tq
connect »ith northbound Train. PasBcngei*! frijm ftctoteristy Pr"'-:' <r*ak.e con*j*igs
tion at flossfcur-; g3ipg pn*} co^ ng,    " ^■""■■»«*S!W**?»««i
lira BUD
That is the Opinion of Deputy
Attorney General,
Advises the Electors to Agree  Upon
the Members of the Council
The following  communication  from
Arthur D. Smith, deputy attorney general, was received tbis morning by F, H.
McCarter, in reply to a request made to
the attorney general for up opinion  as
to the legality of the resent mnniolpial
election held in tbe city.   The answer
is a very comprehensive one and gives
evidence of having been fully considered belore being rendered:
Memorandum respecting tbe position of
Grand Forks City in view of tbe disqualification and lack of candidates.
The position of the city appears to be
as follows •—
Havini been ncorporated by Letters
Fatems lesuad under the provisions of
tbe Special Act, vii: Tbe speedy In-
corpartion of Towns Act, 1897, an e'ec"
tion for members of tbe council was held
on the 8th day of May, 1897, and tbe
mayor and a|dermen were elected.
The correspondence now before tbe
department does qot expressly state
whether the council then eleqted were
duly qualiiied out at any 'ate tbey
bave acted until tbe present date.
The first point for consideration therefore is. whether tbey do not require legislation to validate their acts. In accordance with lgw this council should
have been replaced by another to be
elected on Thursday tbe 13th of January and an election was held tbe validity
of wbich is now under consideration.
Against the validity of the same a number of objections are urged:
1. 'foe municipality failed to comply
with tbe following clauses of the Municipal Elections Act, iggfj, vi*: 1/ (a), 17 (c)
and 17 (d). vi;; Place for nominations,
do for polls and D. R, O's.
2. The council appointed their city
clerk aa returning officer but such officer
was npt sworn in; as is presumably called for '■>•/ Section 48 of the Municipal
Clauses Act,
3. The voters list was not certified as
corrected by the mayor as provided in
-section 8 of the Municipal Elections Act
and presumably the returning offi .cr
was not furnished with a list of voters as
provided by section 17.
4. Objection is taken to the qualification of one of the aldermen elected on
the ground that bjs property does not lie
entirely in tbe ward for which be is elected. I see nothing in any qf the Acts,
however, to support this objection.
5. The municipality being divided into two wards a sufficient number of candidates and mayor and aldermen were
nominated in each ward but between the
{time of nomination and the election
pome candidates found that they had
pot the necessary property qualification
an.4 withdrew leaving no candidates in
one ward. (Not*;: Tbe withdrawal is
pot expressly stated but it is understood
(bo facts are as set oui.)
There is a further practical difficulty
before the municipality that there are
not within its limits at present a suffi-
ciant number of duly qualified persons
(o fil) ttye vacant offices in the council.
Pealing with these objections seriatim
tbe following results are arrived ati
1. Tbe effect of this would appear to
be to render the election null and void,
{n Reg, eg rel. Allemaing v. Z juger, 1
Out. P. R., 219, it was held (hat where
tbe place for an election bad to be appointed by bylaw the appointment of
the place by resolution was a nullity and
*n Reg. ex rel. Pieston, 2 Ont. C. L.
Cbamb. R. 178, the provisions in regard
to the place of holding the election were
glso strictly construed.
z. I do not think tbat this would in
itself have been illegal and avoided tbe
election as in the case no returning officer had been appointed, the city clerk
would have acted ex officio and he no
doubt was duly sworn in as city clerk.
3. It is not stated upon what list the
election was held. It is presumed that
the returning officer had some list and
fhat the list under yrhicb he was holding the election waa publicly exhibited.
If so, -(nd no elector at tbe time took
the objection, it is possible that (he election might be upheld. $ce in one case
in Ontario, Reg. e* rel, Davis v. Wil*
son, 3 U. C. L. J. 166, it was held that
wbere the returning officer was ngt finished with a list and Rot withstanding
proceeded with the election that it was
jin irregularity which rendered the election liable to be avoided, if the objection were taken gy someone qualified to
lirge it, though it might not -P80 facto
fender tbe election void, See Harrison's Municipal Manual, notes to Section 131. The pqjpt however is doubtful and the electiqn seems unsafe.
4. In view of the almost certain invalidity of the election this last question
is a most important one as even if a new
election is held no city council p»n be
elected. It appears necessary therefore
that an act should be passed not only
validating the actions of the last council bnt also providing tor the municipal
government of theeity for {he coming
The best wa,y qf obtaining this legislation is for (be electors themselves to
agree upon the members of the council
and join in a petition for an act appointing them irrespective of property qualifications. This will get rid of all difficulties as it is understood that by next
January there will be plenty of candidates wbo possess tbe necessary qualifications.
eagerly watch the contest with satisfac,
tion regardless of who gets there first,
To insure the early construction of a
railway into the district the dominion
government must grant a charter to the
K. R. V- company, otherwise the C. P.
R. wil) doubtless take its time iu building this way.
TheCP. R. (Setting G-Jady for the fiom-
The party of Canadian Pacific railway surveyqrs who passed thiqugh
G and F-irlcs recently, in charge of L.
V. Rice, hnve established a camp on
phas. Rendell'j {tanch qn Piss' creek
wbere the work of surveying bas been
commenced, Mr. Rice intends working
bo'h ways from this point and will follow pretty cjor.ely the survey mide by
Mr. Sullivan for the Columbia & Western railway in November apd December last. If tbe Kettle River Valley
railway a-icceeds in getting its charter
there will be an interesting race ber
tween It and the 0. P, R to reach the
dis-rict first. While the race will be a
jihfjft one it will bave a good many
•jio-js-jpd inttfested ipjctfitors who ffl|l
Send your children to school.
Ranch eggs are selling at 50 cents a .linen,
A. K. atarrrt of Midway was Registered at the
Alberta Tuesday.
The late municipal election has ceased to be
a bone of contention,
Over 1,000 tons of loe has been pat up in
rand Forks this aeasou.
The fall of snow ln the hills this winter is
said to exceed that of last.
Rev. G. A. Wilson of Vernon has been csllsjf
to Mt. Pleasant, Vancouver.
Mr. Stone has been engaged to take charg
of tbe engine at the B. 0. mine.
Mose Burns returned from Greenwood last
Monday.   And his dog came with him.
Dr. Manly was an arrival from Eureka last
Monday afternoon returuiug home Tuesday.
Mrs. Jack Carraghar who has heen quite ill
for some time past is able to he ahoi)tagnlu.
W. H. Fisher has moved his family to Summit camp, whore he Is employed on tbe B. (*
The sidewalk on the south side of Jlrldgo
Btreet has been completed to tho foot of tho
first beach.
C James Keighlley,[one of tho'propriotors of tlio
Boundary Falls hotol at Midway, was la visitor
|n the city Thursday,
Wm. HoffUUm and Jas. Seal are at work p*i a
elaim belonging to the lormcr located on Fot*r|h
of July creek creek.
Tijo managers are putting i'r extra seats this
week in the Msuly's Hall to accommodate the
Increasing oongregatlou.
Mr. Joseph Manly has commoced ihe erection
ot a resldeuoe building ou the bench \a tbe
north, part of the city.
Thp front of tfya half finished business block
between the "Big l*tore" tiriij the Gnin.l Fgrjjs
hotel has been boardpd up.
Charley Wright bas secured the contract for
hauling the machinery for the wuter works and
electric plant from Marcus.
Local weather prophets are predicting ai|
early break up. If we don't get a railroad their
predictions will certainly como true.
Rev. W. 0. McLennan will preach next Sunday evening at W. K. C. Manly's Hall at 7:110 r
m, on Pilate's Inquiry:   What Is TruthT
8am Martin has put on au opposition stago
line between Grand Forks and Greenwood. He
connects with the Marcus stage both ways.
P. Z. Pare one of the Kivcsido avenue touBor-
lal artist is plastering his brriliilrrjj In Upper
Grand Fork that is at present occupied hy ''<-at-
aaster Wright.
Unless the city council soon passes a by-law
Imposing a tax on dogs there will soon be more
dogs to the square inch in Grand Forks than ln
Fred Knight came down from CedorcrepJ* the
first of the week aud reports that a party of C.P.
It. surveyors are at present working lu thc Puss
creek section of tho country.
Edmoud Duford, one of tho proprietors of the
Queen's hotel, lu uew towu, has returned Irons
Greenwood where he has been In thc hospital
tor treatment for blood-polBOn,
Fanrk Truax of Grand Forks was ln town this
week. He has bean engaged lu hailing the
machinery for the Little irore mine from the
Okauogan.—Beveratlon  Record.
Mrs. Albert Houso, of Bossburg, arrived ln the
oity Tuesday evening orr a visit to her parents,
Mr. antj Mrs. primes Addison. She expects to
remain lu the city shout tea days.
Dick Dofreese has sold his Interests ln tbe
Greenwood stage line to his pftptner Mr. Parker and Richard will hereafter (-online Ills at-
fo-itlpiipntlrelj* to flic llyery business.
Messrs Baker aud Robinson who own several
good mining interests In tho Christina lake
section are considering somo recent offers on
the well known Christina properlty.
Prospectors and mining men will watch the
coming session of tho provincial legislature
with interest, as several changes in tho nrlirlirg
laws of tlie province are being agitated.
Mr. Albert Keough, free miner's ccrtlllcato
No. 8933, through his agent Mr. I. H. Hallett, of
Greenwood, ls making an application for a
crown grant for B. G. mineral claim, lu Summit
I. H. Hallett, solicitor and barrister of Greenwood city, wus an arrival iu the city Tuesday
evening and left Wednesday morning for ltoss-
land, where he goes ou business.
John McDuff, a C. P. It. contractor aud an old
frleiid of John and Dau McLaren at Carson, ts
paying them a visit. Mr. Afc-mlfand John Mc
Lsren were associated lu contracting a uuinber
of years ago and their acquaintance dates back
10 1868.
Mitchell Brothers arrived at Eureka safe wit*
the crusher for the Republic mine. It weighed
18,000 pounds and was about the heaviest piece
Of machinery that has ever been brought over
ff)o road from Marcus, The trip was made in
six nays from Maieus to Eureka.
The next social event pp the list is the St.
Valentine's day dauce and banquet, to be given
under the auspices of Nelson Lodge, No. 108, li.
of P., in their hall al Nelson, Wash., ou the
evening of Feb. 14th, and will be strictly an in,
yitatlon alfafr. The price of irilniirrsloii hns
jjsjiii j>l»ce<) n? W'iO a cfiiiplp.
J. A. and Frank Coryell, P. L. 8., Midway,
were ip life city Tuesday ou their way home
(nm) pascade City, whore they have been for
Bometlme surveying tbe Cascade water power,
recently purchased by an English syndicate,
whq contemplate eroctlngalarge electrfc power-
plant there. This company proposes furnishing* power and building tramways to tho cliil'er-
enf mining camps of the .[.strict.
Word has reached here that a carpenter by
tbe name of Moore was killed ln Eureka camp
Wednesday afternoon, by tl)o falling of a tlin;
ber, being used lu the erection pf tho mill al
the Republic mine. It appears tbat Moore wus
engaged in putting up a frame of heavy timbers
and lho grouud from benculh one of tho props
which held tho tlirfbers .in placo caving away
allowed it to fall, striking Moore on the butyl-
of the head, killing him iriHtuiitly.
At the Hotels.
At the Grand Forks: Duncan Mcintosh, Winnipeg mine: S. F. Ralston, Diamond Hitch; II.
W. Leysou, Medical Lake, Wash.; A. II. Jensen,
Bridgeport, Wash.; Bon Plinulst, It. Ei Batter*
man, 8. Martin, j. it. McKenlzp, Jas. William,,
A. Vyenniok, J. J. Mt|ler,'j|js,' Smith and Mr.
prqwn, Grccuwood; S. G. Stboke. J. W. Lind,
Midway; C. E. Barchard, ll. C. Mine; Ed Morrison and Miss Carra Morrison, Marcus, Wash.;
A-J. Drake, Spokane; C. A. Ivr-jght Bossburg:
Mr. Fleming B. B. Mine; .'A. E. and J, W,
Keough, Colville; A. If. Black, Vancouver'.
Thc follow!ng are the latest arrivals at tho Alberta Hotel: T. It. icila, Vancouver; Q. FergU:
sou, P. Clark, James L. Frceburn'au*l K. E. WIN
Hams, Spokane: H. E, McElipy, F. Rogers, A.J,
McQueen, Geo. W.|K. Wlilte.'cfy; A. K. Stuart,
K. aud J.'Coryell, Midway; Thos.' Clark, J. W.
McCann, Jos. W. Ralston, Eureka* I. U.Uallclti
J. King, G. L. Porker, Greenwood; *E. L, Phillips,
M. McKouzio and wife, Rpssluud; \v. 31. James,
".Intro; f>. L. Campbell, Murclls; I'. L. Thorrrp:
sun, Chicagq.
B, B. Wljitc, a practical Undertaker
and Erqbalmer, of Rossland, B. C., has
located in Eureka camp. All messages
sent by fhe stage driver will teceiyc
prompt attention.
Grand   Forks Representative
to Ottawa.
THE    CTTY   GIVES   #?00
Mr. Richard Armstrong Selected at a
Mass Meeting Held Last Thursday Afternoon.
For |o cents you can become the
proud possessor of loo aged newspapers
bv calling on Miijs goo A|cC;*.rtcr at the
HlflER office.
The mass meeting called by the
board of trade Thursday afternoon for
tbe purpose of taking into consideration the advisibility of sending a representative to Ottawa from Grand Forks,
to urge upon the dominion government
tbe necessity of granting to tbe Kettle
River Valley railway a charter, was
largely attended and harmonious in
every respect. The meeting was called
to be held in thc office of City Clerk
Wollaston, but the attendance was so
large, an adjournment had to be taken
to the Victoria hotel in order tbat everyone could gain admittance.
The meeting was called to order by
President Manly, wbo briefly stated tbat
the objoct of the same was tor the purpose of making provision i for thc sending ot some one to Oitawa to look after
the interests of Grand Forks, and to
press upon the members of the house of
parliament that the future development
of the Boundary country depends
largely upon the granting of a charter
to the Kettle River Valley railway.
That since tbe C. p. R. h*d acquired Mr.
Heinze's interests, tbat unless a charter
was granted to the afoiosaid road, the
field would be left entirely to tbe C, P.
R. and it was more than cetain that
tbey would not build through tbis district for some lime to come, unless they
were forced to do so by the construction of a competing line into the district. The fact lhat the gpyernment
had given to tbe Kootenays competi
tion in transportation facilites, had done
more toward making lhat district what
it is today than anyother one thing. If
the government would give to the Boundary conntry tbe same competition, in
twelve months from this time, it would
be making huge strides toward heading
tbe list of the mineral producing dis
tricts of the province. But without
transportation facilities and competi-
t on in the matter of freight rates, the
people wbo bave been for the past few
years endeavoring to develop the resources of the district, might as well
join Coxey's army and hit the road
Loud cries of hear I hear! came from ill-
over the room.
A private letter to Mr. Manly from
parties in Ottawa was read conveying
the information that the C. P. R. people
had purchased Mr, Heinze's railway and
smelter in the Kootenay district, and
his charter and land grant for a line
from the Columbia river to Pentieton,
and that every influence possible was
being brought to bear upon tbe dominion government against the granting of
a charter to the Kettle River Valley
railway company and suggested the advisibility of sending two representatives
from the lioundary district to Ottawa,
one from Greenwood aad one from
Grand Fotks to place before the members of parliament tho resources of tbe
Boundary country, wbich with competi:
tiou* in railway transportation, would
soon become one of tbe richest mineral
producing districts in the province.
Continuing, Mr. Manly said there
was no question but everyone present
fully realized the importance of having
some one in Ottawa to look after our interests in this matter, but the question
of providing ways and means to get him
there was one thing that would have to be
fully considered by those present before
steps could be taken toward sending a
representative. An invitation was then
extended to those present to express
their views on tbe subject,
Mr, Addison suggested tbat as every
citizen oi Qrand Forks was interested
alike in the Kettle River Valley railway
securing a charter, and lhat in order
that every prpperty owner would con?
tribute bis portion of the expense incurred in sen Jing a delegate to Ottawa,
that it would be nothing more than fair
that the city council should appropriate
tbe amount necessary. By this method
the burden would De very light, not to
exceed a mill on each dollar of valuation.
Mr. Cumings desired to know what
amount would be required to send a
representative to Ottawa.
Mr. Manly stated tbat as it would be
necessary for him to be in Ottawa from
six to eight weeks, and he would bave
tiavel in pretty fast society, it would
take from seven to eight hundred dollars. Of that amount he was willing
personally to subscribe (200 if the citizens would make up tbe balance.
Owing to the stringent times, be coincided with Mr, Addison's idea of the
city council making an appropriation toward an e-pense fund, but as a member
of tbat body, he did not feel like doing
anything in the matter unless it was the
unanimous wish of the r**,te payers of
the pity.
Alderman Davis was of the opinion that
if tbe charter would be granted to the
railway company it would be alright for
the city to make an appropriation.
Harry Sheads and Robert Hewitt,
also spoke in favor of the council making at) appropriation, and expressed
the opinipn that there was not a ratepayer in the town that would object.
F. H. McCarter then moved the lol-
lowing resolution, which was seconded
by Richard McCarren:
whereas the early construction of a
railway into the Boundary country is of
vital importance to every resident of the
district, and aa 'he government has been
liberal with the Kootenays in providing
competition in the matter qf transportation facilities; and
Whereas the Kettle River Valley
Riilway company is making application (9 (fe? dpnyiiniop parliament for  a
charter to build a railway into Ihe Boundary distrtct, and is asking for no pub*
lie aid and has expressed its intentions
of beginning actual construction immediately upon the granting of the charter; and
Whereas it behooves the citizens of
the Boundary country lo use every honorable means within their power to urge
upon the dominion parliament that it is
an absolute necessity, for the rapid development of the district, that a charter
be granted to the said Kettle River Valley railway company, and tbnt in o:der
that ibe wishes of residents of Gr-*nd
Fcrks and the district may be placed before tbe members of the house in a
ptoper manner, thatit becomes necessary
to send a representative Irom Grand
Fcrks to Ottawa.    Therefore be it
Resolved, That the city council be
requested to app-opriate a sum not
more than three hundred dollars toward defrajing tbe expenses of the
Before putting the adoption of this
resolution Mr. Manly invited every ratepayer present to express his opinion on
the subject.
Mr. Chas. Cumings, secretary and
treasurer of the Grand Forks townsite
company, stated that if Mr. Manly
gave ji'loo and the city council 8300, that
the townsite company would make up
the balance of the amount necessary to
pay the expenses of thc trip.
The adoption of the resolution was
then put to a vote and carried without a
disssenting voice.
The question of who should go to Ottawa was the next one brought up for
P. H. McCarter stated that as everyone present was awarp that unfortii-
nately for the welfare of the city the inhabitants of Grand Forks were divided
among themselves, that if a person was
named from one side of thc house, the
other side would oppose him, from a
I mere matter of policy if nothing more;
that the present was no lime for stiring
up factional differences, and as ihis was
one wbich needed the hearty and united
co-operation of every resident in theeity
and of the district, he moved tbat some
one not identified wuh either of the factions be selected to go to Ottawa, and
suggested that Mr, Richard Armstrong,
the resident representative of the Toronto Guarantee and Trust company, be
pamed as such representative.
Mr. Hewitt heartily agreed with the
suggestion of Mr. McCarter and moved
tbat Mr. Armstrong be selected to represent us in Ottawa, which was seconded by Mr. James Addison, and being
put by the chair was unanimously carried.
On motion of F II. McCarter, seconded by Robt. Hewitt, the chair was
instructed to appoint a committee of
three to circular a petilion requesting
tbe city council to appropriate not over
$300 toward paying the expenses of Mi.
Armstrong to Ottawa,
The chair then appointed Robt. Hewitt, Chas. Cumings and James Addison.
Those present were requested to come
forward and sign the petition, after
wbich the meeting adjourned.
Old papers 50 cents per hundred.
The Presbyterian njjssion at Greenwood has a new organ,
The new shaft on the Winnipeg has
reached a depth of sixty-five feet.
J. C. Hass, of Greenwood, has been
appointed attorney of the Acme Gold
Mining company (foreign).
Call on 3oe McOartor at tlie Miner
office when in need ot anything in the
line of stationery, pons, pencils, etc.
A rich strike is reported to have been
made on the Midnight claim in Dead-
wood camp, owned by W. S. Fletcher.
Last Sunday Mr, Rogers, resident
manager of Williams' stage line in
Grand Forks, took a sleigh load of the
"city bloods'1 to tyelson and Carson for
a sleigb ride,
The Newby brothers were awarded
the contract for getting 200 cords of
wood for the B. C. mine, in Summit
camp; the contract price being $2 a
cord, delivered.
Billy Spong, one of Gtand Forks' all-
round sports made a professional visit to
Marcus last week returning home Sunday, Billy as usual, was "all shot to
pieces" by his Marcus expedition.
A number of prospectors are making
preparations to explore the head waters
of the cast fork of the Nrrih Fork of the
Kettle river this spring, in the hopes of
discovering free gold, which it is claimed
is to be found in that district. If tbey
are successful in their mission they are
ot the opinion it will for a time prove
them a Klondyke on a small scale, devoid of the hardships and perils of the
land of gold.
Chas, Cumings, manager of tbe Grand
Forks townsite Company, bas gone into
the real estate business individually to
handle Grand Forks property. Mr.
Cunnings is a rustier and if he had been
given carte blanc last spring in handling the town, instead of being hampered by unpr-jgressive associates in
the townsite company, the boom which
started of! so favorably for the town
might bave attained a greater degree of
perrnanpy.—Reservation Record.
Illicit Whiskey Dealer.
Chas. Benson, of Eureka, was arrested
by U. S. Customs Inspector J-. K, Bois-
sonnault, at Nelson, about II o'ulnck
last Tuesday evening for smuggling
whiskey across Ihe line. When arrested be had 33 gallons of liquor in his
possession. Wednesday Provincial Constable Dinsmore escorted the pri. oner
from Carson to tbe Boundary line be
low Cascade City where he was turned
over to the U. S. Officers who took him
toSpokanefor trial. Benson is said to be
an old offender and has been running a
"bot-leg" saloon in Eureka for some
time, operating a larger portion of tho
timo between Midway and Eureka.
Green Wood Stage Changes Time.
Tbe |Greenwood stage has changed
time again. It now leaves in the morning ana returns in the evening connecting w th the Marcus stage both ways,
for the present the Pentieton and
Greenwood majl will arrive and depart
daily at noon heretofore being carried
by special conveyance until such limes
as orders can be received from the post-
tal department changing it back to the
schedule in force before the recent
See What W? Give For Only 10 Cents,
Take Notice.—You are given a choice
of one of tbe following articles and The
Home 3 months for only 10 cents. Lord
Lisle's Daughter, by Charlotte M.
Braeme: Book of 6d pages on Crocheting and Knitting; or a Stamping Outfi
of 66 patterns, many new designs, int
eluding centerpieces, doilies, etc.
Tbe excellent stories, for which the
Home 'u noted, will be continued: the
Fashion and Fancy Work departments
will be kept up to a high standard.
Kate Sanborn will continue her bright
"Off-Hand Talks," and every one of thc
numerous Departments will be increased and made brighter.
Illustrated Premium List, or outfit for
canvassing sent free.
I.jt Milk St., Boston, ^ass,
You   Can't  Preach  in   Our
Church, Ya! Ya!!
flie  People  of Upper  Grand  Forks
Want;Him Removed on Personal Grounds.
S a new House, with new Furniture
and everything comfortable for the
traveling public, and has  acepmmo-
tlons  for a  large   number  of people.
The  Dining   Room   Is   provided  wilh
everything in the market.
The bar  is repleted  with   the   best
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
The fight between the old town and
new town has broke out in a new place
like a running lever sore of an old
standing. This time it has made its appearance within the folds of the Presbyterian mission and the Rov, McClennan
is the bone of contention. It appears
thut shortly after that gcmleman's arrival in the city, as pastor of the (irand
Forks Mission, it was fully demonstra.
ted to him that if he was to have an audience to preach to, that something
must be done to secure a place of worship near the residence portion of the
city, the present location of tbe church j
being to far away to permit ot a very
large attendance. Mr. McClennan at
once took steps looking toward the removal of Ihe church building frorii its
present location, about a mile and a
half from Ihe city to a location near the
school house, donated hy the Grand
Forks townsite company. This would
have put the church building nearly in
the center of the present incorporated
limits of Grand Forks and about three-
quaters of a mile from upper Grand
When this project was ma-'e known
at a church moeting recently held it
was met with bitter opposition by
Messrs. McCallum, Hay et al, own-
res of the new townsite and their sympathizers who looked upon tbe removal
of the church as being detrimental to
Iheir interests, and after engendering
considerable haid feelings between th:
various members of the church, it was
decided to drop the matter. Now, in
order lo get even wilh the pastor,
Messrs, Hay et al have circulated a petition addressed to the Moderator of the
Presbytery of Kamloopo, asking for the
removal of the Rev. McClennan.
Now a counter petition is being circulated by tbe pillars of the church residing in Grand Forks, setting for'.h that
thc removal of the pastor would be detrimental to (he intercuts cf the church
here and praying that tho city of Grand
Forks be made into a mission within it
self and that the Rev. McLennan be retained in charge of tho same, A |!st
showing the amount of money that his
been contributed toward the maiutain-
ance of a mission will also be fore-
warded with the petition.
While the Minek does not claim to
be advised as to the merits or demerits
of thc controversy, nor does it desire to
express an opinion as to whp is at fault
in this disgraceful row in the church,
that has been kicked up over nothing
more than jealojsy, the outgrowth of
two opposition towns, which in reality
should be banded together in harmony
and love, instead of quairolling like two
Tom cats; it cannot refrain from pointing out the fact that this factional strife
is doing more toward giving both places
a black-eye and making them the laughing stock of the outside world.
Later—Since the above has been
placed in type tbe Minek has come in
possess of a copy of the charges pre:
ferred against the Rev. McCIennen,
which will be published next week. In
tbis connection we desire lo state that
they nre lo absurd to be worthy of notice,
and brands tbe person, who would stoop
so low to make such wilful and malicious
charges, a cur of the lowest"order, unworthy of the respect of any community, We have take steps to obtain the
names of the parties yiho are responsible for these libelous charges, which
be given to the public as soon as they
are obtained.
Another Shaoting Scrape Reported From
Eureka, Wash.
Another shooting scrape is reported
from Eureka, on the reservation, wherein a man by tbe name of Genders was
shot by Dick Percell. The shooting occurred in one of the numerous dives in
that typical American mining town
known as the "Lions' Den," and was
the outgrowth of a "Josh." It appears
that Percell and a number of others
were congregated ip the above named
resort and were having a good time
drinking and carousing, when Genders
commenced to josh him about Mrs.
Church, a running mate of I'stcell's,
which so enraged him that he pulled
his gun and fired, the ball taking effect
in VVynn's privates inflicting a painful,
if not serious wound.
Pecell and Mrs. Church run the Miners' Home at Nelson, Wash, about a
year ago. And it will be remembered
that it was during their admisistratioi
that liilly Sands was robbed of his gold
watch and chain and some $40 i\ money
whilo occupying a room in ihe. house.
At the time of the robbery PercAJI was
caught in the room, and was |)adly
beaten up by Sands, who claimed that
he was the party who committed the
As far as we haye been able te Ie»\n
nq arrests have been made.
Livery & Feed |
  Riverside Av., Grand Forks, B.C.
if     Saddle and Pack Horses a Specialty.
We nre uluo Proprietor! of tbo     I
(irand Forks ant! .Greenwood
m Daily Stage Line.
mk xxmttrim}mmxxm%xx mxxm
pAMongon taken to ul) l'oinin In BntlHti
Columbia ami nn the Rtfjcmittpnatltea-
tollable QJvos un a rail ami tfet ouv
Prices    We will use you right.
j,*9&> WK>i»*H*>*>M*s»^\T  G COOPER,
2 nAllfin ¥ Manufacturer of
I ROUGH In,   f j    t  .
-   ifcJnck and Lime*
Contractor of nil klndj of Ma»oii Work.   E.stj
imituB un n'orkelK-erfully given,
All Kinds Pf
, TJ       rr, . < I ZOE  McCARTER,
% House rmish. & '
% Sash and Factory. %
>k *
/■>        Store Fronts a Specially. **»
I Furniture Made to Order, f Plain and
Saloon and Store Fixtures.
%     All orders will io:eive Prompt % ^ diXiCV   StatiOnCfV
m ° ' * *
I E. Spraggett,
%      Grand Forks. B. C.     %
Real Estate
Grand Forks, B. C.
Grand Forks, B. G, is the coming metropolis of the Kettle River
District, and presents the best field
for investors in the country property*
For further information address
Sec'y Grand Forks Townsite Co.
Wants to Be a Solicitor.
Mr. Richard Armstrong bas given notice that he has applied to the Benchers
of the Law Society of British Columbia
for call to the bar and for admission as
a solicitor of the supreme court of Brit,
ish Columbia, subject tp the provisions
qf th Legal Profession Act 1S95. Mr.
Armstrong expects to open an oflice in
Grand Forks about the first of March,
The Miner s Job Room
Is Prepared to do all Kinds of
With Ngatngss and Dispatch* MEASURING THE BABY.
We measured the riotous baby
Against the cottntro wall.
A lily grew on the threshold,
And the buby was just as tall;
The wee pint lists of the baby
Were never a moment still,
Snatching ut shine mnl shadow
That danced on tlie lattiee sill.
His eye* were wide and spurklinp,
His month like n Bower unblown.
Two lillie feet, like funny while mice,
Peeped OOt from liis snowy gown;
And we thought with n thrill of rupture
That yet hurl n touch of pain,
When June comes round with ber roses
We'd measure Ibe boy again.
Ab. me! in .a darkened chamber,
Willi lhe sunshine shut away,
l'hrough tears that felt like bitter rain,
Wc measured tho buy to-day.
And ihe liule bare feet that were dimpled,
And sweet as a burl,ling rns^
Lay side by side together
In a bush of long repose,
t'p from the dainty pillow,
White ns the risen dawn,
The fan* lillie face lay nailing,
Willi Ibe light of heaven therein:
And ih.. dent little bands, like rose leaves
Dropped from a rose, lay still,
Never to snatch at the sunshine
That crept  1.,  111.- shrouded sill.
We measured the slopping buby
Wiib rlbbinis white ris snow,
Por ihe liule snow-white collin
Thnt waited bim below:
And nut .rf lire darkened chamber
We wont with a dreary moan.
To the height i.l* lire sinless angels
Our liule boy lind grown,
—Boston Traveler.
flush on lier cheeks and an added brilliancy in her dark eyes, she looks but
a few years liis senior. These are happy dnys, inn In the height of tbeir enjoyment lhe sliinlows come stealing.
It is, at lirst, only 11 thought, nu imagined preference, but it is souu deepened
Into a reality,
Ted's mother believes in marriage.
Bhe would say so If you or I should
ask her. She believes lu It as the true-
est and happiest condition for man ami
woman kind, she boa deliberately and
linnly studied the question, uud decided Unit there is not a single girl lu the
town who would make u good wife fur
her boy. There are good girls, pretty
girls, accomplished girls, but not one
who combines the necessary gifts and
graces. Lately there lias been a difference In Ted. He has not talked so
freely at dinner, and bus been strangely absent-minded, Ile surely cannot
be attracted by frivolous lillie Miss
Flossie, the only and petted darling of
in*. Everett? Ted's mother always admired ber sou's lasle until now, but
ill   Ibis   most   vital  Choice  she  ciilllint
understand bim. In vain she appeals
in bis reason,   lie snys little and acts
mttch. XbOUgb be respects bis nnrl hel's
opinions, she is forced to see Unit she
is alienating hlm at each expression of
l belli. So she decides like u sensible
woman In make llie Iri'sI of things.
Miss l-bissie is Invited in spend a
quiet often u with ber prospective
llllilller ill luw. She Is found In possess n shrewd Utile bead, n wnnu heart
nnrl ii charming mnnner.
After nil Uml has been snid nmi done
Uu-y decide io make ibe most of each
other, ami in the Intertwining uf my
bulls nl* fleecy yarn 1 see lhe parable
ui' their united lives.   Thr' lnsi stitch
on lh.' In -I l lie is bound off, nud lire
playful kitten Is rolling the bright remnants mi tho liearlli rug. Mary Pes
body Sawyer, in Boston Budget,
The Triumph of Science, atlasti
Fiflrnrlnic »>■ t'-1** ■*■■■-'-■• r ■•in. in-1 ion of
thi' Country  DurhiK  il---   Pust   Vi-nr
—Mint*   Qrooic  Mine   in   Nort-h-ern
itlaJifi ii--. mi-p.i.—Mon i ii 11 ii Votes*
Y lire Is warm tonight and crackles merrily lu the
upon grate.      My
«si ^*^V*I'({ '""   is  CUl'led   "P
hXT*i   li-l'i/el'^ on ber soft cush-
J^ nm  and   is   bliss-
CH*?<• "*r^'B' fully purring ber-
(S\       -G'-* self lo sleep. Two
books lie uii the
cozy little table
'near me, the
"Reveries nf n
Bachelor" nnd the
"Love Affairs of
in Old Maid." My knitting, wilh ils
bulls of pule blue and deep wine red,
rests Idly in my lap. 1 lean buck comfortably in my big chair, and with lirill'-
I'loscrl eyes I let my wuywnrd thoughts
wander where free fancy lends Ihem.
\- hi, kuows whnt    tender    feelings
steal Into  iy n lonely heart when
die shinies are drawn and a brooding
illeiiee settles down on a quiet llttlo
jniiseV I eaiinnl help wondering whether, lifter all. my neighbor over the way
.8 mure in* less happy than I, und my
aiind goes back lo the time when we
were schoolmates.
Lillian nl IU was ihe prettiest girl in
School, llr-r wide-open blue eyes, her
loft, round cheeks, and her waving hair
ina,|. hcr a picture of girlish beauty.
Ehe never cni'ed for study, but n romp,
i picnic, ov n dnuco was bev delight.
Well, ut 18 she married one of tho
-•buys" mnl expected to have u gay
linn'- forever nfter. Hei* .Tack was a
gund dancer nnd drove a stylish horse,
ull ibe girls envied her, and what more
tulllrl une ask fol'7
But tlie lirst yeiir brought severe dls-
ippolntmenls. Lillian grew careless of
her persnuiil uppcarunce nud wildly
Jealous of .lack, lie haled scenes, uud
preferred to spend bis time where lie
would not be annoyed by them. After
some bitter lessons Jack's wife learned
lu keep within certain well-defined limbs. Willi her fresh bounty fulled, and
with the knowledge that she hns lust
her husband's adoration, she drugs
ulong a weary life, lu which there is
neither pleasure lu the present nnr hope
for ibe future. Snid I lo myself, "I am
fur happier lu certain loneliness than
in such companlonsblp," nud 1 looked
iirountl my cozy room with a sense of
relief to Iblnk Unit no scowling fnce
uud no harsh wrrrds marred my "Old
Maid's Paradise."
Then I took up my half-finished work
and knitted Industriously for awhile.
I wus making some socks for little Ted,
my young nephew. Who euuld tell the
proud joy, the Infinite tenderness and
luve which were lu tlie heart of Ted's
little mother? There was an answering thrill when I thought of her, nud
contrasted ber life wllh mine. How
closely she clasped tlie lillie fellow In
her arms, as if she would shield him
from nil the world! With what eagerness she watched for the lirst responsive look, tbe lirst pluiu word, and the
llrsi tottering step. And there was
even nn absurd fouduess in those tender mother eyes as she gazed uu lhe
milks of ber young son nnrl Imagined
them vastly superior to those exhibited
by nuy other Infant In lhe wide world.
Ted was uot a commonplace, everyday
hiiby, nut he. Ills wordless babblings
were full nf wisdom, only we poor ordinary mortals could not understand
lhe inysleriiiiis language ill which they
were ullered.
1 laid down my knitting nnd lu the
red coals uf the open flre grate I rend
tin' coming years, bringing lhe Inevitable cliauges for Ted uud Ills mnl lier.
The buy Is nol satisfied to live wllhlii
the clasp of lliose sheltering arms. Ile
must see life, be free, go out Into the
world nnd judge for himself. Tbe
mother's eyes nre dim wilh gathering
tears nnrl she trembles wllh forebodings, Her boy, hcr Utile Ted, Is out
there, away from lier love and watchful care. He mny be cold, or weary, or
111. 'l'he great world Is pitiless, and
there nre many snares. Blie rends lhe
papers ami trembles nt every sensational Item, o, If she could only have
kept hlm as he was. a little Innocent
child, when she knew his thoughts und
directed his actions, Her solitude is
far more lonely tlinii mine, and fur the
inoiiient I run glnd that the tiny sock In
my lap Is for Helen's child and not for
Hut us lhe years spin on I see Ted,
a man; no longer a heedless child; the
comfort nnd support of his mother, Ile
has gone throlfgb the fires uud come
buck to her, with his boyish fancies,
his egotism mid Ignorance replaced by
the quiet decision ami self-reliance of
the mature ninn. How liis mother appeals to bim, defers to hlm, and anticipates bis wlshesl Iu lier eyes he Is
the wisest nmi lhe handsomest young
mnu IH lhe town. She Is proud of his
loverllke ilttoutlotl to ber, aud with a
The sacred crocodiles nf Egypt wen-
burled wilh her proudest kings.
Spiders have played Important purls.
It is snid when Mtihomct tied froni
Mecca he hid in a cave and tt spider
wove a web over the entrauce. When
his pursuers came thither they saw llie
web and believed no one was there, ll
ls said a spider performed the same
kindly ml I'm- Dnvld when Saul was
hunting hlm.
Austl'altn bus been I'uuud lu be such
n favorite home fur ibe apple that Immense orchards have been planted and
are now In successful bearing. Thoy
find they can get them In England and
sun successfully compete wiih Americans in u financial sense. Nearly 100,-
000 cases bad been received iu lOugland
up lu June 1, the bulk of them coming
from Tasmania, one great advantage
tbey have is In their period nf ripening,
as lhe Knglish markets can In- supplied
after the American apples have disappeared.
Everything in any way connected
wiih Alaska mnl the Klondike is of special Interest at present, and among
uiher Hems the fuel nf the reindeer deserves particular mention. Tin. forefoot of lhe horse to a greut e.Mout determines ils value, as upon ihis portion'
nf lis anatomy lis speed und endurance
depend, The foot uf ihe reindeer is
must peculiar in construction. It Is
cloven through lhe middle ami each
half curves upward lu front. They are
slightly elongated and capable of a considerable amount of expansion. When
placed on au Irregular surface, which
is rllllieuli lu traverse, the animal contracts then) lulu a sort uf claw, by
which a tirm hold Is secured. When
moving rapidly the twu portions of the
fool, as ii is lifting, strike together, the
hoofs making a continuous clattering
noise, which may be heard ik a considerable distance, il Is Ibis peculiarity
of the feot Hint makes the reindeer so
sure-footed aud so valuable in thai
rocky uml uneven country.
i.i'isliii; the Wind in 1"ranee.
The French Government finding It-
self unable to luerense the taxation,
which is heavier per capita In France I
than In nny other country of the world,
has decided to resort to the conversion I
of ils treasury bonds or rentes from :s j
per cent, to 2'/, us the easiest, and, In- j
deed, the only available moans of In- |
creasing the revenues of the state.  The
ground Is taken thai as the national
credit Is such that the Government hns j
recently been able to secure temporary
loans al !4 per cent., the liitereBt charge
on treasury bunds Is tar too high, and
that a  conversion scheme would re- j
spund lo the present stato of France's i
national credit.  Thru the latter should
sliinil 80 high Is surprising, when It Is '
remembered that, although in the lasi .
twouty-slx years France's population
has only Increased by 208,000 Inhabitant*, or nl the rule of about ll.noo a
year (England having doubled hers In
lhe lasi forty years), the consolidated
national debl of  France  has grown
from  $8,000,000,000   to $7,000,000,000,
while the taxation, both direct anil lu- j
direct, has mure thun doubled.—New '
Vurk Tribune.
Hunger Irom ('slug stoves.
Cast Iron stoves for bard coal, though j
In many ways desirable because they l
make uu even temperature possible, !
may be the source uf much danger In ]
Ignorant hands,   If tbe drafts are not ;
properly turned carbonic acid gas and
sulphurous fumes may pour luto the I
room,  nnd   In a sleeping-room   may !
smother the sluinberers before they are !
aware of I heir danger.   Three per cent. :
of carbonic acid gas in the air of a !
room Is filial lo animal life, and n large-
sized baseburner will hot lake long in
supply this percentage In a close room.
Such stores should always bo carefully
Watched and never handled save by ex* j
perlenced persons.
Paying the Policeman.
Luke City, Flu., hns set to make tlie
dancer pay the fiddler In a novel way.
The lown has appointed a single night
watchman, nnd decreed that he shall
bc paid nt the rate of iJll.oO for each arrest mnde, the prisoner to furnish the
The world will never get any better
tiiuil children ure uu improvement ou
their parents.
The control of tlie l'oorinan mine ut
Rossland Iras passed into the hands uf the j
i liritish America corporation.    Bx-Gover-1
: nor Mackintosh, who has been in the eity |
| for several days, consummated the deal j
! himself, and lie is authority for the state- ;
! ment that tlie control is now in the hand-.
I of the big syndicates which lie represents
i as managing director.    The price could |
I not be ascertained, but is said to be al the
rate uf !*-' cents per share.   The capital ]
j stuck uf the Poorman company is 500,000
Bhares of a par value uf $1.   The property j
has been developed su closely in connection wilil the Josie mine and the workings oi ihe two are so interwoven that ihe
mines are really une property, and since
they an' lu br' operated under une mau
iigeinclit. tlicir ilcvclitpiueul will be er-ull-
> iiiuicnlly accomplished.
The sale ui the controlling interest in
lire Wesl I.e Hui nlid -lusie companies louk
place as announced in the papers only ii
fow days since, 'l'he price was, as slated,
about UU cents per share.    The officers ol
the company lime nut been willing tu admit Unit lhe deal was consummated, but '
I Governor Mackintosh says tlmt his onr-1
poratlon mil  only hnlds tire controlling
interest, hut onus ull tile stuck except a
mere fraction,
(lulii Pro-Illation for 1807.
Director uf tlie Mini Preston says Unit
lie thinks ex-Governor Grant's estimate
ul' i$20,000,000 as the gold production of
Colorado is closer than Mr. Puckett's figures ef $22,000,000. "1 believe Hint tlie
total product of the country will reach
nbout $01,000,000," he added. "1 know!
that the estimate of Rothwell of the Eu-'
glneerlng and Mining .lournal is $57,000,-
1100, lull, I think lie has excluded the new
Alaska product un the theory that it nil
euntes from across the international
boundary. This, 1 believe, will prove un
error, fur a considerable item will be rep-.
resented by the product uf the locations
on our side of the boundary."
Mri Preston estimates the Utah product of precious metals nt 78.(100 line
ounces uf gold and 0,600,000 of silver. ■
Utah is tlie only state in tlie union tliat
does not show nn increased gold product.
The director lias sent out ids circulars
and blanks to private refineries of the '
country for information. He says that
no certain figures can be given until the
returns are received, but thut these will
alTnrd a close approximation to tlie exact
lliu. Seven on (lie luerense.
The Barker hoys, Dave and .Tenks,
principal stockholders in the Big Seven,
nenr Ncihurt, Mont., have decided to work
thnt well known rich propeity on a
somewhat larger scale aud heavily increase its output. In consequence they
have now a force of 23 men nt work, all
they have accommodations fur just at
present. Later on they expect to put on
a few more, as soon us room ls made for
thorii, The Big Seven is a high-grade sil- ]
ver mine and the ore carries no Inconsid-
crable amount of gold. For that reason
the price of silver does not cut so much
figure. It is ono of the most desirable i
properties in the camp; so desirable, in
fact, that several parties have obtained
options on it. but to dale no deal has been
Smelter Returns,
The smelter returns from the five-ton
shipment of ore from the Silver Nugget
claim, on Twelve-Mile creek, near Slocan I
Oity, have been received.   The ore aver-
aged 3811 ounces in silver to the ton. Tlie
property has been stocked by the Slocan
City   Mining Company,   of which   Hon. |
Hugh Sutherland is president and F. S.'
Andrews secretary.   Mr. Sutherland is in
England raising funds for the further de-
vclupinont of the propirly.   The carload
of ore from the Republic mine, near Slocan City, which was shipped to tlie Nel- i
snn smelter a short time ago, averaged ;
2lir> ounces in silver nnd $18 in gold to the
ton.    This property  is owned hy Dave
Sutherland and  Turn  Montgomery, and
most of the shipment of ore was taken |
out by themselves.
Tlie Glieckmnte Mine.
The superintendent of the Checkmate
mine,  nt Willow Creek,  Idaho,  talking I
about Unit, propetry, says a second ore!
chute is being developed that is found
fully ns grind us the Chopin chute from
whioh so much rich ore was taken a year!
or so ago.   This new chute is found 120 j
feet west of tlie other.   It was opened in
drifting on the tunnel level.    The drift, I
has penetrated it .r>8 feet with no Ihdlca-
tion yet of (he limit having been reached.
Illue   Grouse   llonileri.
William Williams has bonded the Blue
Grouse to parties whose, names cannot all
be learned, yet Borne of them are local par*
ties nnd some are from Latah or Nez I
l'cree counties. The Blue Grouse is on i
Sunset peak, about a mile southwest from
the. Colwyn, in the immediate neighborhood uf the Manhattan nnrl Amazon,
Neither "f these three claims have heen'
developed much, but all shuvv nre in considerable quantities and a wagon roud will
probably be built from Dobson's pass tn j
the next summer.
Strike In (lie Columbia'.
A strike uf gond ore have been made in j
lire Columbia mine, seven miles west of'
Whitehall, Mnnt., owned hy State Senator ('. W.  Hoffman and other Bozemnn
men.    Work has been going on several'
months, and the development shaft has |
reached a depth nf 320 feet.   At 320 feet j
a crosscut was run, which has tapped the
vein.   Tlie owners of the Columbia have ,
shown great faith in their property, and |
their judgment seems tn be making a per-!
nuinent property.
WOSOO Grct-np Sold.
Tlie Wasi'o group of seven claims, in the
Salmon river district; B. (''.. has been Hold
to the Wilkinson Exploration syndicate
uf London for $20,0(10. The vendors were*
John J. McKane und It. W. (irignn. The \
purchasers will set five men to work at
Remarkable Discovery of an
American Medico-
How Every Reader of This
Paper May ObtaintheNew
and Free Scientific System of Medicine
A scene in The Slocum Laboratory, New York:    The Discoverer demonstrating to Medical Men and Students the Vulm
mnl Wonderful Ourative Powers of bis New Discoveries.
NOTE.—All renders of tliiH paper can have Three Free Bottles of the Doctor's Now Discoveries, with complete directions,
by Bonding their lull address to Dr. Slocum's Laboratory, 118 Pine street, New York City.
Qneor Occupations for Women.
Mr's. Barotti, a Chicago woman,
makes it good Income by conducting a
nut-cracking establishment, Mrs. Ba
lutli's place of business Is known to a.i
eoufecttoners and street venders. Her
establishment consists of a long, nar-
row room, Down tlie center of it extends u lung table surrounded by men,
women nnrl children, In front of each
person Is a square iruu slub with nuts
piled high on one side nf It. Each worker has a hammer mid hammers away
[rom morning mil 11 night. Skill Is required lo extract the moats without
breaking them. A gourl nut-cracker can
crack about sixteen pounds nf utits u
day. They are paid about ¥2 a day.
In lhe busy season Mrs. Barotti employs from thirty to fifty hands.
An enterprising Philadelphia woman
has a novel manner of converting her
muscle into cash. She Is an expert
In floor cleaning. Kitchen Hours are
her specialty. Kitchen floors nowadays arc made of hard wood or tile
or they are covered with oilcloth or
linoleum. An expert enn clean them
wiib great rapidity. This woman cuu
clean the average floor In half an hour,
and her charges are 25 cents. She carries her own tools, soups and cloths.
For each customer she has n certain
half hour un a certain day. She earns
from IJ'I to ?t a day, Muny women are
now making guud Incomes as professional menders. Their chief custom:
ers ure men. They have regular days
fur each client. They sew ou buttons,
darn stockings, brush clothes, and the
experts are able tu sponge and press
clothes as well ns any tailor, ut u reduced price. They have certain boards
and irons for the purpose.—Chicago
Tortoise Shell.
The tortoise shell of commerce Is uot,
ns generally believed, the horny cover-
lug of shell proper ot the turtle; it Is
ihe scales which cover the shield.
These scales uro thirteen in number,
eight of them being Hat nud the other
five somewhat curved. Four of those
Unit nre tint are quite large, sometimes
being tut much ns twelve Inches long
and seven inches broad, nearly transparent and beautifully variegated lu
color with red, yellow, white and dark
brown clouds, which give the effects so
fully brought, out when the shell is
properly polished. A turtle of average
size will furnish about eight pounds of
these nn eighth to a quarter of an Inch
lu thlckucss.—Now York Evening Sun.
! "Dues you wife tin lunch fancy work?''
"Fancy work?   she won't even lei a
porous plaster como Into lhe house with-
' out crocheting a red scallop round it ami
running yellow ribbon through the holes."
III. \«  Iv    AMI   III.I !•:.
Black and blue colors arc nol subject to
fashions this season nor any other season. Tbey hold their own and will nol
wash out. They are pretty solid colors,
and but for the misery of wearing them
might become fashionable. Some men
take pride In wearing them as tokens of
their profession, ns soldiers do Iheir scars.
Hut bruises, black or blue or both, ought
. to have Immediate attention, for under'
j them may be a nerve hurt or ri muscle
badly wrenched. A black nnd blue bruise
Is a brut thing, not only from its tender
soreness, but the contused blood Is prevention of regular circulation. While sore
spots like these will not wash out, there
Is something that will rub them oul in
no time, and that is St. Jacob's Oil. It
Is peculiarly adapted to I licit- quick ct
A pennant can be won only by hard
knocks, with scars and bruises, but after
the bull is over, If any remain, tbis one
cure ls the best. Bruises come from contusions In all avocations, and it ls well to
remember at all times just what will cure
them best.
The beautiful doorway to Rouen eathe
dral, funning part of perhaps the most
picturesque facade in existence, is iu fi
I hud a state uf repair tliat the municipal
| council lias been forced to depart from its
principle nut to assist ecclesiastical res
luriitiiiiis and lias voted $20,000 toward
the work.
Piso's Cure for Consumption lias saved
me large doctor bills.—C. L,. Baker, im
Regent Sq., Philadelphia, Pa.. Deo  8, '95.
loo Blow for Him.
Passenger—Is this uu accommodation
Conductor—Ne, sir; It's the limited.
Passenger—Woll, thc company ought
to raise tbe limit.
On a stone of the temple, of "Wingless
Victory" on the Acropolis at Athens, nu
inscription has been found stating tliat
the monument was built hy Kiillierntes.
who was one of the architects of tlie Parthenon. This fixes its date nt about 4.111
years before Christ.
There has just been placed ill lhe spocinl
libraries Hour nf the Boston public library a large oak cnbinet, made to hold'
20,(100 mounted photographs and halftone prints of the world's best examples
uf architecture, sculpture, painting and
decorattvo designs,
"Society is gutting dreadfully mixed
now a dnys."
"Ves; isn't it? People whose praiul-
fathers made money are having to associate with those horrid people who make
it themselves."
One of tlie novel ideas of decorative
effect in Japan is to catch tiretlies, keep
them in u cage or box of wire until you
have company, and then release them in
the garden for the guests to admire and
tall; about.
II.-II..I   N,i|,|il*    ll\ |,|.till i,in.
Seattle, Wash.. Jan. 31.—A carload of
grain and aliout 14 tons nf supplies, n
portion of th government's Alaskan relief
expedition, hnve reached here frum Vancouver, 'Wash, The grain and supplies
will be shipped from here to Dyea with a
detachment nf the relief expedition on the
steamer Signal about Feb. 7.
From Misa May Baohner, of Columbus, O., to Ailing "Womon.
To all women who am ill:
It affords .ue greut plcasv.ro to tell
you of the benefit I have derived from
taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Vcgelahle
Compound. J. cun hardly find words to
express my gratitude for the boon given
to suffering women in tbat excellent
Before taking the
I was thin,
sallow, and
nervous. I
was troubled with
rhoea, and
my menstrual periods were very
irregular. I tried three physicians and
gradually grew worse. About a year
ago I was udvised by a friend to try
Mrs. Pinkham's Sanative Wash and
Vegetable Compound, whieh I did.
After using three bottles of the Vegetable Compound nud one package of
Sanative Wash, I am now enjoying better health than I ever did, and attribute the Bame to Mrs. Pinkham's wonderful remedies. I cannot find words
to express what a Oodsend they have
been to me.
Both the method and results when
Syrup of Figsis taken; it is pleasant
ami refreshing to tho taste, and acts
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys.
Liver uud Bowels, cleanses the system effectually, dispels colds, headaches and fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only remedy of its kind ever produced, pleasing to the taste and acceptable to tlie stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from the most,
healthy and agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and huve made it tho most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50
cent bottles by all lending druggists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on band will procure it promptly for any one who
wishes to try it. Do not acceptany
Tho famous Appliance nnd itemccllcs of
thn Erie MetliMil Co. now for the lirat; Imo
offered On trial uiUmutexpeuso to any
honest man. Not a dollar l«> l»o iiald
lu mlvmice. Cure Effects of Errors
cr Exuew.es in Old or Young. Manhood
Kullv Itrstorcd. How to Bnhiru;o and
Strengthen Weak, IJnilovp.oncd Poitlons
or Ilodv. Absolutely unfailing Homo
Treatn.cnt. NoC. (). D. oroth. rsclitmo.
A plain offer hy a ilrm of high Btnnuin«.
„        uUHcS VlniMl ALL EtaE LAiLb.   ,    ,
I Bout Cough Syrup. Tast^a Good. UM I
In tlnm   R'.ld by nniHK.fttn.
i7I~ """""
The OMK'Htion'H Economical side.
There an', ll Is estimated, HtKUliR)
mile* of highway roads I" the Unit ml
States, about 20 pet" cent, of the roads
of all rhe world, Urea. Britain Urs12Q,;
(MHt miles of roadways, and these are
some of the best in the world. Germany
lias 27'),000 miles of roads, and some of
them are ns poor as the roadways of
a great country ean bo. France, which
lias taken an enlightened view of the
good roads question for many years,
and has spoilt by governmental or local
authority more than $1,000,000,000 on
highways, lias a road mileage of 330,-
000, more Mian uny oilier country. Itu.s-
sia, with an enormous area, has only
70,000 miles oi nmdways. while Italy,
a smaller country, has 55,000.
I-'or a considerable time the agitation
in the United States for good roads lan-
iruisiied for thf reason, perhaps, that
by the American system of subdivided
local authority, "what's everybody's
business is nobody's business," and,
controversies being frequent as to the
liability of. a national, state or municipal authority for needful expenditures,
very little was done. The National
League for Good Roads was organized
ln 1S02 "to awaken general interest In
the Improvement of public roads, to determine tlie best methods of building
and maintaining thein and conduct and
foster such publications as may serve
these purposes." At the beginning of
tlie agitation, the good roads question
did not make much headway, aud It
was not until the popularity of bicycling grew that the demand for improved roads became organized, and
since tliat considerable headway has
beeu made. A computation advocating
of good roads is this: There are approximately, though the number Is on the
decline steadily, 14,000,000 horses In
the United Stales (there were 15,000.-
000 by the rensus of ISOO), and there
are about 2,000,000 mules, principally
in the South, the annual cost of fodder
for these animals being $1,500,000,000.
On fine stone roads oue horse ean haul
as much as three horses ean haul over
the average dirt road of this country.
It Is estimated that it would be necessary to build about 1,000,000 miles of
macadamized roads in tlie United
States in order to have as good a system of public highways as Is found In
several European states. At $4,000 a
mile this would involve an outlay of
$4,000,000,000, a pretty large sum. But
If one-half of the draft animals could
be dispensed with by the building of
sueh roads, there would be an annual
saving of $700,000,000 in the food bill.
Cotiseqiienlly, if road bonds were Issued bearing '•*> per cent. Interest, t>,000,-
000 miles of macadamized road could
bo built without Increasing the annual
expenses one dollar.—New York Sun,
Workers in the wide, unexplored lield of
.nodem chemistry are daily astounding the
World with new wonders. I'rotWsor and
luyniao vie wiili euch oilier iu their cum-
mondftule efforts to lessen toe ilis of human*
ity. Yesterday it was Pasteur and Kock,
and today it is Bloottm, witli a new discovery whicli is tlie result of years of careful
stiidy aud research.
Foremost among tlie world's greatest
chemists stands T. A. Slocum, of Xew York
. City, His researches ami experiments,
, patiently carried on lur years, have finally
: culminated jn resit Its which ure proving us
\ beneficial to humanity us tlie discoveries of
uny chemist.,ancient or modern. Hia efforts
I which for yeurs had been directed toward
j the discovery of a positive cure fur consumption, were finally successful, and al-
I ready his "new scientific system of medicine has, by its timely use, permanently
cured thousands of apparently hopeless
rases, and it seenisa necessary und humane
duty to bring suoh facts to the attention of
all invalids.
The medical profession throughout
\ America and Europe, are almost unamious
i in the opinion that, nearly all physical uil-
! menls naturally tend to the generation of
! consumption, The arHlctcu die iu the
I siiort, cold days of winter much faster than
in the long, liot days bf summer.
The Doctor has proved the dreaded disease to be curable beyond a doubt, iu any
cliinate, and bus on (ile in. his American
aud European laboratories thousands of
letters uf ueartielt gratitude from those
benefited or cured in ull ports of llie world.
No oue having, or threatened with, any
disease, sh'ldd hesitate a day, but should
write at nice. Facts prove that the Doctor
bas diseevrrod a reliable and absolute cure
for Consumption (Tuberculosis) and all
bronchial, throat, lung and chest troubles,
stubborn coughs, catarrhal affections, scrofula, general decline and weakness, loss of
Mesh, and fill wasting conditions, uud to
demonstrate its wonderful merits, he will
sent! Three Kree Unities {all different) of
his New Discoveries, with full instructions,
to auy reader of this paper.
Hiinply  write to T. A. Slocum, M. 0., 98
Pine strbet, New York, giving full address.
There is no charge fur correspondence-
advice--strictly professional and confidential.
Knowing, as we do, uf the undoubted
etbeacy of The Slocum System of Medicine,
we urge every sufferer to'take advantage of
this most, liberal proposition.
A system of medical treatment that will
cure catarrh, lung troubles und consumption is certainly good for— und will cure—
Anv wast ing disease that Immunity is heir
Please tell the Doctor, when writing, that
vou read bis generous oiler in our paper.
Qf the 57 silk mills erected in 1807j -'iS
are located in Pennsylvania. (1 in New
York state, 3 iu I'aterson, X. .1., It in Connecticut, 1 in South Carolina, 2 in Virginia
and 1 iu T'hole Island.
Aftsr being hwlndlM by all others, icml as stamp
for uarUuuUi'H of Ktnf Bulomun'H Tieusuie, tlio
OhLV rcnewor of manlv Strength, MASON
CHEMICAL CO., P. O. lio* 747, PfitladMP-bta, Po.
U'liat  a   woman  thinks of  women   is
the lest of her nature.
We are ass.et ting hi t he courts our i iglit lo the
exclusive use ofthe wonl "CASTORIA," and
" VITCllKK'.SCASTOUiA," as our Trade Mark.
/, Dr. Samuel Pitcher, of llyanuis, Massachusetts,
ihe game that has borne and (iocs now bear tbe
fac-sJLuile signature of CHAS. Hi I'LHTCHER on
every wrapper. This is tlie original ''PITCHER'S
CASTORIA" which has been used in'.he homes
of thc mothers of America for over thirty years.
Look Carefully at the wrapper and see that it is
the kind you have always bought, and has tho
iignature of CHAS. H. FLIiTCHKR on the
wrapper. No. oae has authority from me to use
my name except The Centaur Company of which
;has. H. .Fletcher is President.
March 8, 1897.       SAMUUL riTCHER. M,0.
Officers of the Swedish navy are considered military ollieers, and in full dress
must wear spurs.
ICvolutloii of  thc Koad.
"Trace the history of almost any
country road, and what do we learn?
If In the West a track was hewn
through the forest, nnd later, when the
country was settled, this track was
plowed and tho dirt from the ditches
was thrown Into the center of the road.
Each taxpayer was compelled to furnish so much labor lu this road work,
which was done under the supervision
of n road overseer who, nine times out
of ten, has no Idea whatever of roud-
bitlldlng. Then eame the turnpike system, where pikes were built by private
companies, who were allowed to charge
toll from every traveler afoot. This tax,
collected at overy tollgate, was considered an injustice to the farmers, the
pikes became unpopular, aud llnally In
Indiana and niuuy Western States, the
turnpike companies sold their roads
to the Bounties, and the roads then became free again. Each county uow In
nearly all "Western States maintains
these roads by the old system of a road
tax, paid either ln labor or money.
Turnpikes owned by private corporations are exceedingly unpopular everywhere now.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Kond Notes*
Prosperity travels on good roads.
Bad roads mean dreary Isolation for
mouths every year.
"Confound the luck!" exclaimed the
new captain general of Culm; "things hnve
come to a pretty pass."
"Or to u show-down, rather," facetiously replied an officer. "But what is the
trouble now V
Why, here I am. expected to put down
this insurrection, und I find it utterly impossible to gain a single victory without
committing plagiarism I"
DAT\0 for tnwIiiB and Jopattng Oolrt or Silver
nlllliS <,rp- rost or iiuritHi treasures,  M. D.
IlVl/U FOWLER, Box S8T.H011thl1tvton.Couu.
We w,nh to gain ir.0,000 new ena-
tomor*, imil lionoo nfftT
n'kw. i:ii>(iy Kutlislt, 10a
Pit*. Enrly Spring Turnip,       lOo
M    E»rllet-t Red Beet, 10a
" BUtuarck Guaumhur, 10c
" Oneen Victoria Lottuce, 15o
''   Klondjku Melon. 15o
"   Jumbo Plant Onion,       lfic
"     Brilliant Flower Seeds,   Uo
Worth .91.00, for 1-1 cents.
Ali-ivi-10 pUj.M. worth 91.00, we will
mall Jim fruu, tuuuthor with onr
(Treat Plant and Kurd Catalogue
upon rncoijut of thia not toe and 14.\
boat ago.   We Invitnyimr trade and
Know when you once try Balser'a
Hfi'd.i ynii will in'.it get along wit ti- 1
om ttfttm   I'olnioi'Hni J*1.00 ■
KBbl.OataloRaluneM.  No. 1 (   j
JOHN   A.   tULZKK   HRF.lt   CO.,    I,i   iROSSB,   WM.
3 Buell
» tamberson
Portland. Or
Is It Wroa*}?
Oct It Right.
Keep it Right
Moor.*s Rsvemlfld ~R.tn.-l7 will do It. Thr.*
dosHVlll H.ktyon t.sl "..ttsr. Oct It Iron
your druffKlat or tn, whol.rrsl. drug houss. m
(rom Illllll A Holme. Dru, Co., B.nttl..
Patent Medicines
at Cut Rates...
Wholesalo und Retail ftfutf Mta, Portland.
ia. to »5
pounds pel' mouth.
altit-vhiKl ££ .vctira'
■ Btf.tfht-*. *>fe»t->.*l
exoertence-i   BOOK.  F1CEF..    Address   IIR.
»iM'iiF.K,       McVieker'o Theatre, chirapn  in.


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