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The Grand Forks Miner Jan 16, 1897

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Array THE GRAND FORKS MINER.
FIRST YEAR.-NO   36.
GRAND   FORKS,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  SATURDAY   JANUA
3vY -16, 1897
W. J. ARMSTRONG & CO.
ANACONDA, B. 0.
Steel ranges, Stoves, Silverware, Graniteware, Crockery-ware, Glassware,
Woodsnware, Tinware, Toilet eetB
-HARDWARE-
Ot All Kinds, Cutlery, Churns, Sewing  rnachineB,  Wringers, Washing machines, Window shades, Wagons and Trucks, Fururco Work, Steam and Pipe
(■^Fitting, Iron Pipe and Fittings, Etc., Etc.
Firstclass Job Shop in  Connection.
'.:   W.H.FISHER"
Carson Lodge I. O. O. F. No. 37.
In n p MBETS BVERY SATURDAY
• \Jt Ui li evening at B o'clock in their
hall at Canon, B C. A ..cor.llal Invitation extended toallso|oumlng brethren.
P. B. NELSON, R. 8.
E Bfhaoobtt, N. 8. D. D. McHkbn, V. G.
Has opened a new
BUTCHER SHOP
And Solicits a Fair Share of the Fublic Patronage.
A Full Line of Groceries in Connection,
VICTORIA HOTEL.
Grand Forks, B. C.
The Mammoth Hotel of the Kettle River District.
MRS. A. V. DAVIS, Proprietress.
JJIGHT OLEEK ALWAYS ON HAND.   KATES $1,50 AND $2.00   PEL DA>
Now is the Time
To Invest
Church Notlc*.
PRESBYTERIAN CHUltCH-Serviees every
SaSbath in the churoh at II a. m. and 7:30
p' m. in tlie school room at Grand Forks. Bab-
bath sohool 10:S0 a. m. in the schocl room.
At Carson weekly 3 p. in.
Rar. Tuos. Patok, Pastor.
II. A, SHBAI1S. J. ADA¥9.
SHEADS & ADAHS,
-ASSAYERS-
GRAND FORKS, B. C.
SAMPLESCIVEN PROMPT ANDCAREFULATTENTION
T K. JOHNSON,
Law and Collecting Agency.
CONVEYANCER, MINERAL CLAIMS BOUGHT
ANO SOLD.   NOTARY PUBLIC.
GRAND.   FORKS,    -    BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Chas.de BlolsGreen C E P L d,   F. Wollaston P L 6
PREEN & WOLLASTON,
Provincial Land Surveyors
Civil Engineers, Etc.
QRAND FORKS, B. C.
Office in VanNess' Addition with J.H. Feather-
-ton, assayer.
EXGELSIDR!!
Progress Will Be the Watchword of |he New Owners
of the'Grand Forks
Townsite,
PRICE FIVE CENTS."
MR. OUMMINGS TALKS
Manager of the New Townsite Com-
pany Tells'u Miner Kepresent-
ative What They Intend Doing,
a l. Mcdonald,
Contractor and Builder,
GRAND   FORKS,   B.   C.
Plans and specifications drawn, estimates fur
nshed on all kinds of building.   Work strictu
Irnt-class.
U E. STACHE,
Bath  Rooms,
AND TONSORlAL PARLORS.
UVKR9IDK,
GRAND FORKS
One Hundred Dollars Invested NOW
Will Buy as Much as a Thousand Next Spring.
T   H. FEATHERSTON, B. A. S. c.
ASSAYER.
lad Mining Engineer.   Member of (lichen Mill
tngSociety.   Mineral Claims Kiamined
nnd Reported on.
BRIDGE STREET, GRAND PORKS.
-tRAND PORKS HOTEL
Barber Shop.
.'entrally Uioated.   All Work Gaurantoed to be
I'irst-Clsss In every Respect.
'ETER A. I PARE,
PROPRIETOR
DJ-OHARD THERIEN,
BLACKSMITH,
GRAND FORKS, B. 0.
Boes all kinds of   kinds  of  repairing am'
lorse shoeing,   All work gaurantoed.
IT    H.   HUFF.
BLACKSMITH.
GREENWOOD CITY, B. O.
Does all kinds of repairing and horseshoeing
■Vork strictly tlrstelass.
INTENDING     INVESTORS
Wo have now on sale the following good properties:—
GROUP OF        j    One-half milo from Grand Forks and adjoining the celebrated
TWO CLAIMS.   I    BONETA mino.   Will be sold as a group or singly.
One mile and a  half from Grand Forks, quartz ledge, good
Assays and an immense surface showing of ore.
GROUP OF
TWO CLAIMS.
OVER TWENTY        )
GOOD PROPERIES  \
For salt- cheap in  the vicinity of the Great   Volcanic
Mountain and So.tttlo mining properties.
T    P. MqLEOD.
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
ANACONDA, B. C.
The Above
Properties
We can honestly recommend bb good investments.     We can ge
you good claims in any particular section at bed-rook prices.
LIST YOUR (Mp WITH U8
We Offer to Prospectors and Mine-
owners Special Facilities for Quick
Eeturns as We are in Constant Communication With Capitalists in all
Parts of the Country.
BRIDGE  STREET  RESTAURAN'J
BAKERY AND
- Lunch Counter -
MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
lot Cakes and Coffee 10c
WRIGHT * LUTHER.
A     C. SUTTON.
Barrister at Law,
' Notary Public, Etc.
GRAND FORKS, B. C,
Spokane, Wash., Jan. 13.-Mr. Chas.
Cumminge, manager of the Grand Forks
Town Company arrived in Spokane
Monday afternoon from Victoria and
left, accompanied by his wife, on Wednesday morning for Chicago, where he
?oeBon several matters of businesB,proui.
tnent among which will bo the endeavor
to straighten out the affairs of the Olire
Mining Company with a view to having
that incorporation commence operations
in the early spring.
Mr, Cuturnings has been in Victoria
i'or tho past three weeks in companj
with Messrs. John and Al. Manly, in
the laudable work of placing before the
,'overnmont officials the needB of the
Kettle river district and seemed to be
very much encouraged over the proe-
pects of procuring government assist-
itce in the various needs of the section
In an interview with the Spokane
.•epreaontativo of the Miner Mr. Cum*
.nings stated that they found tho gov-
eminent officials at Victoria laboring
under a misapprehension regarding the
'leeds of the Kottle rivor country, based
ipon information furnj-jhed by parties
interested in other districts, and when
diown their error they expressed a will
iiignees to extend such aid as lay in
i heir power to assist in relieving the
immediate need of tho denizens of tbis-
.\ underfill mineral and agricultural
listrict. |
Continuing, Mr. Cummings said:
"Am-.ig the different things asked
I'or and granted are the building of a
ii'idge across Kettle rivor at Edward's
'orry, tho removal of tho custom house
to Grand Forks, the appointment of a
itipendary magistrate, the location of
i mining recorder's office aud the estab-
ishmeut of a bonded warehouse al
irand Fork*,
"Of course we did not tjet everything
.vo went after, but if wo secure one or
wo of tho above mentioned concessions
<ve feel that our trip was not in vain.
"The proposition for incorporation
icems to have a good chance of receiving
air treatment at the hands of the com
nig legislature and unless some unfor
wea obstacle turns, up will pass witi.
•omparatively lio opposition.
"The legislative assembly will be cal-
ed upou at its coming session to act
■ pon the granting of a franchise to some
lompany for tho purpose of appropri
iting waier from Boundary creek, Kettle river and the North Fork of Kettle
• iver for tho purpose of establishing
Aater works and supplying water for
nining, domestic, manufacturing and
>ther pti. poses to the various towns in
ihe Vale disttict and to appropriate
130,000 miner's inches of water from the
Kettle river for tho purpose of geuerat-
' ing electricity for the supply of light,
heat and power to the inhabitants, cities,
towns, mines, smelters and tramways
within a radios of 40 miles from the
townsite of Grand Forks. Three different companies have made application
for g franehiso covering practically the
same territory which will naturally
complicate matters. Several conferences were holu by the interested parties
and as no agreement could be effected
it soemed to bo the prevailing opinion
that the coming legislature would divide
the territory and givo each of tho different oorapanies a franchise for that
portion tributary to tlio point from
which they propose to operate.
"Work en the bridge at Edward's
ferry will bo commenced at an early
date and it is expected that it will be
completed before high water comes
which is generally the latter part of
March or Hje n'rut of April.
"The appoiutment of a stipendary
magistrate and mining recorder has
been practically settled and tho names
of the fortunate parties will be made
public in about 20 days. As to the
names of the parties I am not at liberty
to state at this time.
"In  regard to the  outlooit for a railroad tho coming year tho proBpects are
very encouraging.     The board of trade
and merchants of Victoria are  bocom-
ing  very much  interested in tho building of tho Canadian  Pacific into this
section  and are alive to tho fact that
without transportation   facilities  they
have but little  hopes of securing   the
jobbing   trade  which   at present  goeB
iltnost    exclusively    to   Spokane   and
vliich is increasing  with the  dovolop-
nent of the country.   From the present
mtlook  and from   what I  learn   from
lareful enquiry I am of tho opinion that
:le  Columbia &  Western   will   bo the
irst to build into the Forks.     The fact
hat it is the general  belief in railroad
drclos that Mr. Hejnzo has formed an
illianco with the Canadian Pacilic stiui-
ilates the statement that as soon as the
weuty mile section  between Trail aud
tobson is completed the  work of build-
tig iuto the Forks will be commenced
md pushed until completed.
"Tho poople of Victoria, and especially
he  members of the coming legislative
tssembly aro very much interested in,
md listen  eagerly  to  any  information
joaring upon the resources of the   Kot-
le river and   Boundary creok country,
iroataurprise is expressed  at lho vast-
iess of its mineral resources and  possibilities and it seoms to be the geniral
ielief that a largo amount of  Canadian
md English capital will  And its way
nto this section the coming season."
Mr. Cummings will return from
Jhicago about the fitst of February, at
vhich time he'expects to joiu tho .Messrs
Manly, who are now sojourning in California combining business with pleas*
ireju this city: Thoy will bo in the Forks
■ bcut the 10th of February, when act-
ve operations in building ono ot the
urgest and most flourishing cities in
-lie northwest will be commenced.
MINE  NEWS.
Interesting Items    Gathered     From
Many Sources.—Mining '
Notes.
DORBES M. KERBY,
Provincial Laud Surveyor.
And Civil Engineer.
ivrecs, MIDWAY, b. c. ~
Associate Member Canadlai
Society  of Civil  Engineer)
Correspondence Solicited.
McCarter, Johnson & McCarter,
Grand Porks, B. C.
Or F. H. ncCARTER,
Spokane, Washington
DAILY STAGE
Prom Grand Forks to Greenwood and
return.
Stage Leaves Grand Forks 5 a< m*
On  Saturdays, Tuesdays  and
Thursdays, and on Monday
Wednesday and Piiday
At 7 0'olook a. m*
Makes Carson, Greenwood, Anaconna,
Boundary Falls and Midway.
EMMERT&SPONG,
Proprietors
K.   DEWDNEY.
CANADA.
PROVINCE OF MRI'l'ISIl COLUMBIA.
VICTORIA, hy tho Grace of Hod, of the  I'lilte.
Kingdom «f  Great llritnin ami Ireluinl
QUBEH, Defender of the Faith, <so„-So., die
lo Our faithful ihe members elected to serve it
the Legislative Assembly of Our Provlnct
of British Columbia at Our city of Vic
tulill—UUKKTlNd.
A   PROCLAMATION.
U. M. Kiikuts. | TTtTHEREAS WK are de
Attorney-General, j VV sirous and resolved,
•is nmu us may he. to moot our i>eople of Out
Province of British Columbia,and to liave theii
advice In our Legislature:
NOW KNOW YK, thai for divers causes and
considerations, and taking'into consideration
:ho ease and convenience of our lovtng subject!.
A'e have thought lit, by anil Willi the advice (.1
OurBxccutlveCouncilof the Province of British
Columbia, to   hereby convoke, and  by these,
presents enjoin you, and oaoh of you, that on
Monday, the Eighth day of the month of Fob
ruasy, one thousand eight hundred am] ninety
seven you meet Us  in our said  Legislature or
Parliament uf Our said  Province, at Our Citv
of Victoria,  FOR THE DISPATCH OF   HCSi
NE.SS, to treat, do, act, and   conclude   up on
ihose    tniugs   which  ln   Our Legislature ol
the Province of British Columbia, by the Com*
nion Oouuoil of Our said Province may, by the
tavour of God, be ordained.
In Testimony wiikhkof. We have caused
these Our Letters to he made  Patent, and
the Great seal of the said province to h ■
hereunto aiilied:   Witness, the Honour
able EnoAB Dbwdnby, Lieutenant-Governor of   Our  said    Province  of  British
Columbia, in Our Citv of Victoria, in Our
said Province, this  twenty-ninth day of
December, in Uie year of our Lord otic
thousand eight hundred aud ninety-six,
and in the sixtieth year oi Our Reign.
By Command.
JAMK8 BAKRR,
CProvincial Secretary.;;,
WILL   BEAT   ROSSLAND.
Oliver Bordeau of Rouland, aud who
a somiwhat extensively interested in
eal estate in  Grand Forks and  Ana-
:onda, has been staying at  the White
'ouse for the past week.   Mr. Bordeau
ia one of tlie earliest pioneers in Rossland
md  was also what  might be termed
>ne   of the   lucky   ones,  having   sold
-everal properties for handsome aums.
i a conversation with a   Minor man, he
.iid:
"I have watched the growth of  vari-
ius mining camps for tho last 25 years
itid especially that of  RoBslaud,   boing
»ne of the oldest settlors in   that  camp
<nd comparing the prospects of Grand
forks with Rossland, I  feel confident
.hatitu the  making of a larger and
.icher camp than ever Rossland can bo.
>■  we havo   bo  much   better surface
ihowings  up tho   North Fork, aud in
he various  camps tributary to Grand
i''orke.    Indeed  so   strong is my fuith
.ii tho   Forks,  that   I   intend to   invest
oiisiderably in several   moro town  lots
.vith the hrm  belief that I  will   double
my money  within the next six nionthe."
Thus we see that Rossland people as
wall  as  others, consider   our  burg to
lavo good   prospects.
Over indifferent proporties aro work-
ing this winter in Empire camp.
Steve F Ffopworth has just returned
from Pass creek, where he has beon
working on one of his claims in that
section.
Oliver Bordeau intends building
some business houses on the principal
streets, having already acquired several
line building sites.
Mr. Mathieson, owner of tho No. 1
■uoperty near the Seattle, was in town
hi Wednesday aud reports everything
progressing on his property.
A Rogers has purchased a two thirds
interest in the Home Run claim on
tardy mountain, from Messrs. Hardy
ind Ring, the furmor owners.
The Cotustock is one of the richest
iopper propositions in this section and
■s situated in Labour camp, some
-even miles  wast of Grand Forks.
Mews, Griffin, Derickson, Woodhead
md Anderson are now working on the
lionania property in Knight's camp,
"he ore increasing in value as they sink.
A Spokane company ie likely to ac-
luire tho Midnight property on the
reservation. The Midnight has con-
-iderable work done, having a tunnel in
'ver 80 feet.
It is reported that the Emma property
in Summit camp is likely to change
hands. Tho Parrot Mining Company,
>f Butte Montana, who ate tho present
iwners have shown the property up wall.
Insac Phar, une of tho owners of the
Lone Star, in Curlew camp, reports
hat an assay recently made from the
u-e at the workings, ran as high as
MO all valuee, being rich in gold aud
upper.
Messrs. McDonald and McCallum
vho own tho Lizrie property in Brown
lamp, intend to sink on this claim at
nee. The Lizzie ia a strong iron cap
md is close to the well known Elsie
'■■ay claim.
John Holmes, the owner of tiie
..reen Mountain claim on Hardy tnoun*
ain, showed us eome lino specimens of
iopper ore, that wore recently taken
from tha 25 foot cut that was run or.
:his property.
Mr. Hughe of the Comstock mine,
ei LaFlour mountain, was in town and
ihowed a sample of oro from this fa
nous pruperty, part of which assayed as
iigh ai 50 por cent copper, 20 ozs. in
nlver and 9520.JO in gold.
^ H. P. Toronto, of the English &
French Gold Mining Company, was iu
town this woek and showed us a sample
)f galena ore, taken from the workings
>t the Bonanza claim. It appears that
the seam is now IS inches wide at a
lepth of 12 feet, the seam widening as
they go down.
Messrs, Gaffert and Anderson, who
iwu various properties in different sections, aro pushinic work at present on
ine of their claims on Hardy mountain,
-mown as tho Gold-drop, which is a
mammoth showing of iron capping, the
very croppings being rich in eoppor and
-iseaying ae high as 812 in gold. The
>wnera of this property intend to do 50
feet of tunnelling before spring, which
will most likely show the claim up
pretty well.
HOME BEER NOW.
The tii'and Forks Brewiug Company
has received their required liceusa to
orew and the gentlemen who compose
this company, Messrs. Townend &
Howitt are as busy as beavers getting
things in readiness to place their beor
ou the market by February 15th.
This brewery has a capacity of 20
barrels a day and bb they aro both professional brewers thore is no doubt but
that thoy will be able to place a good
article before their patrons, As this is
the only brewery in the Kettle River
and Boundary districts, there ia no
doubt that they will get a large proportion of the local trade.
ANOTHER STAOE LINE.
Messrs. Wright and Sehawsn have
started a new stage line that will run
between Grand Forks and Bossburg,
I'hey mado their first trip on Thursday last. As there is now a railway
lopot at Bossburg, and a customs officer
it is expected that a large proportion of
Ihe travelling public will tako the stage
at Bossburg, for the Kettle Rivor and
Boundary districts, instead of nt Mas
IUS, as formerly, as it is several miles
-ihorter.
The now stage will make by-weekly
tripe, leaving Grand Forks every Monday, and Thursday and will arrive on
Tuesday and  Friday.
It is the intention of the new stage
proprietors to leave tho Forks at 1
o'ciock P. M., und drive to within about
10 miles of Bossburg, where good accommodation will.be provided foi the passengers for the night, and the next
morning the stage will proceed to Boss-
burg, arriving in time to catch boiu pas*
Benjfbr trains,
It is so arranged, that tho regular
stage fare will cover all expenses at the
stage house, as well as tho stage fare
so that there ib no additional expense
attachod to traveling by this line. Mr.
Wright, one of the owners of tho line,
has been engaged in freighting between
MarctiB and the Forks, for the past two
years, and is consequently well acquainted with the route and there is no
doubt but that thoy will get their share
of the public patronage. HE HAS LED THE WAY
WHAT THE PIIOSPEOTOH HAS DONE
IN  DEVELOPING  THE   WEST.
Sketcll   of   thi'   Mini   Who   Uoniiin   tlio
iiiiu  in Search or Goldeti
Wealth.
Tho following trihuto to the prospector,
which appears  in  an exchange,  is  from
Hi.- pen of Dan De Quille:
Although many a Kood, kind wont has
been spoken of the prospector, yot full
credit luis seldom been given him for the
Important work he has performed In the
way of Inducing the development uf the
Industry of mining the precious metals
ln the northwestern states. Not ;l few
look upon the prospector as a sort of
shiftless, roving creature, who wanders
about the wilds of the mountains in a
profitless way. But the fact is thai tho
prospector occupies an Important place
among the members of the mining Industry. Hi* Is the pioneer and leads tin-
way in the exploration of new mining
(ields, BCOUtlng out Into the wilds far In
advance of towns and settlements. Before mines can be opened and worked
by capital thoy must bo discovered, and
It is tho prospector who sallies forth and
does tho necessary work.
The prospector may be said to have
been born In tho days of "forty-nine,"
whon the harvest of gold of the California placers began. As soon as "born"
the prospector began scouting out into
the wilderness, and he has been at it
ever since. "One a prospector, always
a prospector." A working miner may
at times do something In the way of
prospecting, but the real prospector Is
one who is always dreaming of undiscovered veins of the precious metals in
far-away mountain regions, nnd whose
greatest delight Is to roam and camp in
new and unexplored Holds. The prospector has in his composition something
of tho nature and disposition of the old
hunter and trapper. He braves all manner of perils and endures a thousand
hardships in pursuit of his favorite occupation.
In the opening up of tho mining regions of the Pacific coast the prospector
has everywhere been in advance—has led
the way. He it was at the front who first
met tho arrows of the rod men, battled
with tho wild beasts of the mountains,
■and encountered tlie dangers of tho waterless wastes. First the mining field Is
discovered, then the minors push forward and a camp Is established, wh-k-h
presently grows up to be a town or city.
In Nevada, Idaho, Arizona, Montana,
Washington, Oregon and almost everywhere else, the prospector has been
obliged to fight his way among savages,
and ln several sections of the Pacific
coast mining regions he is still in the
warpath In rugged mountain wilds. Although the prospector is always, day and
night, dreaming of great wealth, he is
seldom wealthy. He is a man of little
moans, ami when he finds a good mine
he generally sells at a price far below Its
real   value.
Th© genuine prospector Is not at all inclined to settle down to the hard everyday toil required in the development of a
mine. There Is too much of the gypay, or
trapper, or hunter, in his nature to permit
•of -his .permanently establishing himself In
any particular spot. Ho has In his composition a romantic love of adventure, and
dellgttlts Ln tho wild beauties of nature aB
ihe finds uhem In the far-away fiastnessee
■of the mountains. Besides, he has dreams
of wealth in many places. No -sooner has
he made a find and a little "raise'' than
he Is off to explore some region of which
ho has long had golden visions.
If all do not find gold, every prospector
finds more or less pleasure in his chosen
pursuit, notwithstanding the 'hardships of
the life.
Tho prospector Is generally a lover of
nature, and he enjoys tho wilds. Reposing
upon tho bosom of mother earth at his
enmp-iire, ho gazes into the starry heavens and takes pleasure In speculating in
regard to what is in and upon the faraway twinkling and whirling worlds, Ho
finds music In the voice of uho wind iu the
ipines, and has an oar for all the night
sounds of nature, tho Chin-1 of insects and
the twitter of night singing birds. Often,
too, when the camp-lire has burned low,
his quick ear detects the footfalls of somo
prowling wolf, fox or bear, or other wild
animal; but, with his trusty revolver under his pillow, he has no fear.
When parties of prospectors meet and
camp together in the mountains thero is
always a feast of golden legends. There
are stories of lost leads, of rich leads that
no one has ever been able to find, of float
rock filled with veins of gold, and of Immense nuggets picked up in various
places. Every man has a. story, and It is
seldom a dull one. The old prospector is
a man of a thousand adventures. He lias
had his Indian fights, his encounters with
wild animals, and his escapes from death
by starvation and thirst; but all is at once
forgotten when the word Is that there is
gold ill",id. Then it Is: "Pack tho burros
and away!"
The real old pros-pertor—the man of the
mountains-is a man worth luiowing, and
commands tiho respect of mining men in
all camps of tho northwesu As the old
hunters and trappers woro the avant-eou-
rlers of the westward advance of the Industry of agriculture from tho Atlantic
seaboard to the Kooky mountains, so the
prospector was the pioneer of civilization
In the industry of mining. He blazed the
trail to the mines; minors, maehlul.-us,
merchants and men of capital then followed, and soon tihe wilderness was conquered.
Tho old prospector now sees busy towns,
street ears and electric, lights In a hundred places wiiere ln times past ho camped
and grazed his burro, and finds railroad
trains rushing and roaring around mountains and through canyons where once he
painfully toiled In trackless wilds. Where
he battled with hostile savages he i.ew
sees peaceful settlements a.nd flourishing
farms, and the laughing voices of children are heard where once the wild IndUn
raised his warwhoop. The old prospector
may have no great store of gold, hut he
has the satisfaction of seeing on all sides
the spreading and firm rooting of the civilization for whidh he blazed a way.
No monument is likely to be raised lo
the memory of the old prospector When he
crosses the dark river bo the camp on
the golden shore; but in every northwestern state will stand to (his credit the posts
he planted at the front. His old camps
will stand as monuments to mark his line
of marcih a>nd the scenes of his exploits
and struggles in the wilds.
MONTANA      CAPITOL      COMMISSION*.
A  lion 4  I mm ue nn h  Way Out  of Financial DlftlealtleSs
it was supposed whon the legislature
two years ai;o appropriated $1,000,000 for a
state capital and provided for the Issuance of warrants on a building funa
which Is backed by the lands granted
Montana by the United States for public
buildings, that before another session
the work would be well under way, says
the Helena Independent The capital
building commissioners, however, were
confronted with difficulties that could not
be anticipated, and while much of the
preliminary work has been accomplished
In the two years or less In which they
havo been organized, the work Is now
practically at a standstill and cannot pro-
ceed unless the legislature which Is about
to meet will come to tho rescue wi.- nee*
essary legislation.
Inning the past year the capital building plans wen- commenced at the site
preliminary to tho putting in the foundation. Nothing further can bo done until
the commission can secure funds, it has
been demonstrated that tho warrant
scheme Is not practicable. Tne bankers
in the east and west will not take them,
although the security is 180,000 acres of
land In Montana. Tho commissioners
think the only remedy is ln a bond Insue,
backed by the same lands. Thoy say that
bonds, having a definite time for payment,
will bo easily disposed of, while it Is Im-
poslble to sell warrants. A bill will ho
Introduced ln the legislature authorizing the Issue of $l,Ui)U,U00 of bonds, hall
of the amount as soon as possible and the
balance when needed. The bonds will impose no obligation upon the state. They
will bo backed by the lands belonging to
the public building grant, and while they
will bring the relief needed, they cannot,
it Is said, involve the state, any more
than the warrants on tho building fund.
With necessary funds, the commission
says, the building can be completed in
three years.
PICKING      CHICKENS      TO      MUSIC.
Queer Custom of the Itnllan Poultry
Dealers  of  Sun  FrunclNCo.
The sailor has his musical shanty, to
which ho keeps time as he trots about the
capstan until the anchor Is hoisted to the
peak; tho farmer trills a lay to lighten his
labors as ho pitches hay into the wagon,
and those songs are familiar to many.
but who over heard or saw a gang of
Italian chicken-pickers sing and denude
fowls to the tunc of the music? a-sks the
San Francisco Call.
Such a scene can be witnessed any Friday evening In season at the Clay stroot
market, while the employes of the big
poultry houses that have their places of
business there are preparing for sale the
chickens that the housewife buys for tho
Sunday dinner.
The men seat themselves in a half circle
and each takes a fowl. (Jno stroke of a
sharp knife across the throat puts tho
unfortunate squawking broiler out of ils
misery and then the foreman of the £ung
starts his song. As they catch tho air
and the time tho others chime In and in
an instant tho plucking begins. With
rhythmic motion the nimble fingers grasp
the feathers and pull thorn out during all
the  time of tho  song.
Feathers fly in all directions, but the
song goes on until the last plnfoathers me
removed and the carcasses are tossed into a pile, r>ady for the man who puts
on the finishing touches and prepares
thom for the Inspection of prospective
purchasers.
The rapidity with which a chicken is
stripped of its feathers is astonisliing to
lho unit la ted who have tried It but a low
times, and so adopt have these nun become that thoy finish their fowls almost
simultaneously and the process is repeated in unison. Throe dozen birds o.ro
not considered a heavy night's work for
ono man and when pressed for time they
manage to compass oven more than  that.
Tho song they sing Is remarkably lively
and sweet and much resembles the song
of the fishermen as they row their boats,
though  tho time Is much faster.
CURES   HIMSELF OF CONSUMPTION.
Proft'HMor I). I<. Ilinvd SIiown How Ho
Saved lliH Life.
Professor Daniel L. Dowd, former claimant of the title of strongest man on earth,
who was declared Insane over a year ago
because of his peculiar ideas on diet, has
obtained affidavits from a number of
physicians to show that tne system he
was declared crazy for adopting really
saved his life, says a New fork dispatch.
Professor Dowd is now at liberty, with
his fate in the hands of Judge Pryor. if
tho decision on a motion to recommit him
is against him he will be legally crazy
again. About five years ago the seeds of
consumption were planted ln the professor's lungs.
"My theory," he said today, "is that the
tubercular bacilli, being vegetable
growths, are fed by the fermentation
within the body. It Is clear, therefore,
that, if the fermentation ln the stomach
can be stopped there will be nothing to
feed or create bacilli, and they will pass
away. Meat will not ferment, as does
vegetable food. A meat diet exclusively
gets monotonous, so three hours after
eating vegetables I washed out the fermenting food with a stomach pump. Although Dr. Hoi lister, examining physic-
Ian of Bellevue, said in 181)5 that .1 would
die within six months, I am still living
and have cured myself. I think that a
man who. by his own treatment, recovers from tubercular consumption should
not be adjudged Insane for using the
treatment."
HETTY   GREEN   HELPING   HER   SON
Plniis   to   Make   Him   One   of  the   Most
Important Railway Managers.
K. H. K. Orcen, president of the Texas
Midland railway, will soon bo one of the
most important railway managers ln the
southwest, says a Galveston dispatch. Mr.
Green's wealthy mother, Mrs. Hetty
Green of New York, Is engineering the
deal which will add to her son's power.
Tho Midland road, of which Mr. Green
is president, runs from Knnis to Paris,
and if the plans which Mrs, Green has
under way succeed a consolidation of
interests will be effected by which a new
trunk line between St. Louis and Galveston will be formed, and Mr. Green wilt
become a most important factor in southwestern railroad affairs.
Mr. Green and a party of officials of the
Houston & Texas Central and Galveston,
Houston & Laporte roads are here today.
Mr. Green says that he Is hero to inspect
the Laporte's terminal facilities. If Mr.
Green gets control of It a combination will
be made between the St. Louis & San
Francisco, the Texas Midland, the Houston & Texas Central and the Laporte for
through service, St. Louis to Galveston.
HAS BURIED THOUSANDS
\.\   INDIANA   IXDUIITAKIIU'S   WON'-
DERFUL RECORD.
Some Peovle 11** Huh Interred Tultsi
—Many of the Collins Mnilc* 1>>
Himself.
I laving burled over 13,000 human beings
during a oaroer of 60 years In the undertaking business, Louis A. Peltier, the oldest inhabitant of Allen eounty, Ind., and
the oldest undertaker ln the state and
very likely tlio oldest ln the United
States, would, if he were an every-day
Iloosler, conclude It was about time to
lake a rest, says the Indianapolis Journal.
Instead, however, ho still remains in business, and Is actively engaged every day
in populating cemeteries and depopulating
Fort Wayne, his place of birth, which
occurred at this point over S2 years ago.
This remarkably active and vigorous old
gentleman lirst opened his eyes to the
world In the old military garrison at
Fort Wayne, at tho Junction of the St,
Mary and St. Joe rivers, which form the
.Matimee. Not a white human being resided outside of its stockade within a
radius of a hundred miles at that time.
Fierce Indians of the Miami tribe were
absolute masters of every foot of soil for
miles and miles surrounding this famous
military settlement. His birth marked
a new epoch in the history of the settlement, and surrounding country, Inasmuch
as he was the first white child born in
this section of the commonwealth. There
was great joy in the old garrison when it
was announced that a son had been born
to a French trader named Maloch Peltier,
and his French bride, who had been Miss
Emellne Chapteau. Friendly Indian scouts
soon carried the tidings outside of the
stockades and there was a great demand
by the friendly portion of the Mlamls to
see the "white papoose."
When Mr. Peltier was a youngster there
were no schools in this vicinity, so he was
not obliged to pass several years at study
before going to work, but at an unusually
early age ho began to learn the carpenter's trade, and gradually picked up that
of cabinet-maker. While engaged in this
occupation he was frequently called on to
make coffins for some poor soldier or settler who had died. In a couple of years
he had the Held to himself, and found
himself the only undertaker ln this section of tho country. For a year or so his
work and services ln this direction were
given gratis, and It was not until he was
a little past his majority that he made
his lirst charge and received his first pay.
This was for an Indian family which had
lost a child. This fami'y resided on a government grant of land about 12 miles from
Fort Wayne, and the young undertaker
delivered his coffin via horseback, receiving a bear pelt for his pay. This coffin
he describes as having been made with
poplar wood and stained with lampblack
and bear's grease.
Since then ho has served as undertaker
for and burled over 13,000 people, among
them being Hi Is own grandfather, mother
and faithor, daughters and sons, and several grandchildren. This largo number
does not include those whom ho burled
the second time, as was the case with several hundred whose remains he removed
from one cemetery to another, as Uhe first
one was found to be too close to tiho city,
which had grown very rapidly.
Made  Collins.
Several thousand coffins for these he
made by hand himself, and, in fact, it lias
only been since the introduction of machinery-made coffins and caskets that he
has given up manufacturing them himself.
During his GO years' career as an undertaker he has seen the plain poplar or bliek
walnut coffin, varnished and trimmed with
a fow castiron or silver-plated ornaments,
evolve Into the superb casket of today,
fashioned as if for an emperor, dra.ped in
silks, broadcloths and satins, and trimmed
in solid sliver or gold. Thlrty-fivo years
ago Mr. Peltier made his own coffin. He
selected a beautiful piece of black walnut
for It, and without assistance made it into
an old-stylo coffin, without any ornaments. This he still keeps in his establishment, and, as he has always expressed a
de-sire to be burled in it, this wishes will be
complied witlh.
All of his playmates of four score years
ago, all of the "old settlers and pioneers,"
all of the "oldest imhabitants," have been
laid to rest by this venerable man. He has
buried the flrst-boirn and the last-lxn'n,
and the first of a family and and the last
ot a family. In his own family he has
buried members of four generations. During tiho cholera plague he burled human
beings at the rate of 20 a day. He lias
buried those who 'have died from fearful
contagious diseases, yet 'he has never been
ill a day. He has buried those whom,
after ho did so, he would ohargo the expense of in the profit and loss account, as
there was no one left of relatives or family to pay tho bills. All nationalities, civilized and savage, -all colors, all creeds, all
ages, all stations of life,'have'had his services. From tho mansion to the hut all
have seen him, all know him. More than
13,000 human beings! Verily, ho can talk
of tho cities of the dead. To this day ho
mounts his hearse and drives to a funeral
with tho same agility ho did 'half a century ago. In the hottest and coldest
weather old man Peltier may be seon se-it-
od on the hearse, taking some poor mortal
to his last resting place. He attributes his
excellent ihealth to his regularity of habits
and total abstinence from liquors and tobacco in any form. During his long business career he has never sued a person
for a bill. If you can't pay him, nil ris'it.
If you aro alble and won't—you may so to
the devil.   That is tho way he puts it.
6KELETON     FOUND     IN     A     TREE.
Ohio   Wood Chopper MhIcon a   Startling Discovery.
In cutting up a giant onk tree on a farm
netir Hirksvllle, Ohio, the other d.iy, a human
skeleton was found imbedded In the tree, about
30 feet from the base.
Tlie wood hiul grown around the bones, and
the timber had to be cnrefully hewn away.
The tree was solid and gave no appearanoe of
ever having been hollow.
Idle Money In India.
An authority computes that 91.860,000,000 Is
the amount of money lying idle ln India in the
shupe of hoards or ornaments. In Amritsar. a
Punjab city, there are jewels to the value
of $10,000,000. A wealthy jewel merchant of
Benares has. It is said, always a stock worth
I...000,000 on hand.
Science of Algrehrn. Stndcnts  nt Harvard.
The science of algebra is said to have been ] Tho latest figures Bhow that the gain In
the; invention of Mohammed, of Buziana, about | the number of students nt Harvard university
850 A. D. The aclenec waB Introduced into ' thin year over last hns been 77. This Is the
Spain by the Moors. The first treatise on tha \ smallest gain since 18S8, an.l the university
HUbjcot ln any European language, Is believed authorities attribute it to tho flnnncial rle-
to have been that liy I.uca Paccoll, In HJ4. presslon.
THE    SECRETS     OF     THE     SHAFT.
Strange   TUnfl   Noticed   About   the
Washington   Monument.
SIXrY-FOURCENTSADAY
The distance at whicti the Washington
monument is visible has always been a
matter of debatable interest with Washington people, says the Star of -that city.
Not a train approaches the city, nor a
boat speeds up or down the Potomac, but
carries a group of people anxious to see
at just what point they can last see the
white marble against the sky as they depart or lirst And it as they return.
Probably the greatest distance at which
the monument Is seen Is from the summit of the Blue Itidge, at Snicker's gap, a
distance of about tt miles in an air line.
The elevation there is 2000 feet above the
l'oiomao. The mountaineers years ago,
with their keen eyes, trained to long and
sharp sight In the mountains, detected the
white spot gleaming on the horizon, and
they can always quickly determine Its
place on the horizon line. But to city folk,
however, the location of the white shaft
Is not an easy matter.
Thousands of "Washington people every
summer Invade that region as summer
boarders, to subsist on fresh milk and
fried chicken, and Incidentally ln their excursions upon the mountain to get a sight
of the monument, On clear days it is distinctly visible, especially lo those who are
familiar with Its precise location. But it
Is more easily seen at sunset than at any
other hour, as the sharp rellectlon of the
sun's rays brings out the white surface
of the marble. The mountain people are
only too glad to point out the monument
to their visitors, and usually tell them the
secret by which they can themselves locate it.
One of the most singular stories that
may be told about the Washington monument is hardly credible, yet It can be
vouched for as perfectly true. There are
hundreds of ladies In Washington who
wear upon their hats u.e plumage or the
entire skin of a bird which has lost its
life flying against the tall mass of marble
in the dimness of twilight or daybreak.
Another queer thing to know about the
monument is that its height and width
vary. It Is taller In summer than in winter, and In the latter season its width on
the south side is about an inch greater
than on the north, cast or west sides. This
is duo to expansion under the heat of the
sun's rays.
IS    WHAT    PUXXMAH    AVOULD    PAY
EIGHT   liiMIIS.
CALL     IT    THE     ROGUE'S    GALERY.
Phot ou rn pliN     nnd     AutoKrnpliN     of
Members of ('oiiriyns.
"This Is what we call our rogues' gallery," said Uncle Joe Cannon to a Washington Star representative, as he stood
in the office of the sergeant-at-arms of
the house of representatives, indorsing a
voucher for his salary, "and It contains
tho photograph of every representative
In the Fifty-fourth congress. It was
deemed advisable to have this done to
guard against any fraud or forgery upon
Uncle Sam at the capltol. Accordingly a
big frame capable of holding 300 cabinet
slzo photographs was prepared, and as
fast as the pictures could be made they
woro assigned places In the frame. Many
of the representatives put their autographs on the photographs, and thus gave
a double safeguard against fraudulent
practices."
Under the system adopted by the ser-
goant-at-arms of the house, who in prao-
tacally the banker for 3G0 representatives,
whose salary and. mileage accounts must
run the gauntlet of his assistants, it Is
well nigh impossible for any one to personate a congressman successfully. In
case of any doubt in the mind of the
paying teller as to the identity of a congressman presenting a pay or mileage
voucher all ho has to do Is to look through
tho wire netting and find the picture of
the congressman whose namo has been
signed to the voucher, or if somebody
else presents the voucher, a glance at
the autograph in the big frame is all the
authority necessary for making the desired payment.
.Men   Are   Numbered   Like   PrlMonern
In    the   Si he rlii 11   MtiieM   of
ItllN.sill.
John  W.  Herman,  a tinsmith employed
| by the Pullman  Palace Oar Company a'
I Pullman, is on strike because of a redue-
I tion  of nearly 00 per  cent ln his  wages.
j While   he  is  not   the  only  employe  who
| says he has had his wages cut more than
half,  he is the only one who has so far
revolted.    Alter working 42 hours on two
cars, for which he had always received 20
cents  or more an   hour,  lie  learned   that
lie   would   only   be   paid  a  fraction   over
eight cents an hour,    lie immediately quit
work    and   was   given   a  check   for   the
money due him.   This he refused.   Today
he said he would protest to Mr. Pullman,
and   if   he   received   no   satisfaction   he
would enter suit for the money.
In the Pullman shops, where the workmen are all tagged, Herman has been
known as No. 2509. lie is a German and
is regarded as a lirst class workman. He
lirst began work at the Pullman shops in
1894. During his entire employment at
Pullman he claims he never earned less
than 20 cents an hour, except for tho lirst
two weeks, when he earned only 19 cents
an hour. He has a number of time books
which ho submits aa proof of his statements. When the shops shut down he
moved away from Pullman, but returned
to work November 17.
On November 2'i Herman and three fellow workmen completed placing tin root's
on two cars. It was very particular work
and had to be done by good workmen.
His companions are known as Nos. 25(1,
2507 and 2521. They had each worked a
different number of hours, but the total
looted up 145. For this they were to receive $12.70, divided as follows; No. 2571,
45 hours, $3.94; No. 2567, 45 hou^s, $3.94; No.
2524, 15 hours, $1.32; No. 2509, (Herman),
$3.50. Herman had worked 40 hours. When
he learned the amount he was to receive
he protested.
"I went to Mr. Butcher, tho head bookkeeper, and told him 1 wanted an honest man's wages. He sent me to Assistant Manager Weil, and I asK^u the latter
if eight cents an hour was the prosperity
that he had promised us after the election. He said that Joseph Frumfeller, the
foreman of the tinning department, had
informed him that one man had earned 23
cents an hour at the same work. I showea
him that was impossible and then he sent
out for the books to prove it. He asked
me to retire until he and Frumfeller made
an investigation. They called me in In a
few minutes and told me the books showed that one man had earned 21 cents an
hour and another 17. They did not let me
see the books. When 1 still protested
they held another star chamber session
over the books and made the same claims
RAVAGES      OF      TYPHOID      FEVER.
European     Cities    Suffer    Less    Than
Those  In   America.
The following table shows that, from a
sanitary point of view, Europe Is far
ahead of the United States, says the Atlanta Constitution. For every 100,000 inhabitants the number of deaths resulting
from typhoid fever In Europe Is as follows:
Berlin BlChrlstlana 7
Munich 3 Vienna C
Hamburg 9 Dresden !j
The Hague 4JBreslau 0
nottei-dain 2| —
Stockholm 9|    Average G
With respect to this country, howevci,
the showing is altogether different. The
record for some of our leading American
cities is as follows:
Chicago 32]
Cincinnati 30'
Cleveland 3G
Washington 74'
Pittsburg 77
Jeraey City 71
One  reason  for  th
Louisville  7'
Indianapolis  9'
Philadelphia  4i
Buffalo  21
Average.
r.tMt
s difference  between
the two countries lies in the fact that
Americans drink vitiated water. This is
specially true with reference to the cities,
where well water is often contaminated
by impurities, in Europe, however, only
pure water Is furnished the Inhabitants.
These facts should be considered by the
health authorities ln our various cities.
With a climate as salubrious as that possessed by any nation on the globe, there
Is no reason why this country should not
at least rival Europe in its sanitary conditions.
BELIEVES    IN   CONTINUAL    PRAYER.
Michigan   Mini  Churned  With   AVhlp-
iiiiiK' ii in Wife for Sooffinff.
Charles Holman of New Haven township, Michigan, entertains some peculiar
religious views, and among others he regards It as his sacred duty to chastise
his wife If she neglects to pray whenever he  commands her to do so.
About one year ago Charles Informed
his wife that In his opinion she did not
spend enough time in prayer, whereupon
she replied that If he spent more time in
hustling for work and less time f.n praying his family would suffer less from
hunger and cold. The insinuation was
more than the husband could stand, and
he severely chastised his wife and spent
90 days In the Detroit house of correction. On his return he called on the prosecuting attorney and wanted to hold an
afternoon prayer meeting in his oflice,
but as it happened to be the prosecutor's
busy day, Holmnn was kicked out.
His religious ardor was somewhat cooled, and he behaved fairly well until last
Sunday, when he beat his wife unmercifully because she refused to accept his
Interpretation of the scriptures. He was
arrested and Is awaiting trial, Holman
conducted a series of revival meetings
ln the county jail.
when they called me in again. I refused
to take the check offered me, as H% an
hour is starvation wages. If they do nd~e
pay me just wages before tonight I wJ!i
call on Mr. Pullman tomorrow and^eii
my story, a he gives me no satisfaction
I will sue the company.
"Just think of those wages. 1 had live
days' work a week. At 4 o'clock Monday
morning I left home and walked to the
foot of Randolph street in order to save
street car fare. Of course 1 could not
walk to Pullman, and that cost me 15
cents each way. I came home every Saturday and stayed over Sunday. No. 2571,
one of the workmen who suffered the
same reduction as myself, rents »rom the
Pullman company. He pays $11.00 rent.
He is also paying $1 every pay day for
rent accumulated during the big strike
and owes $20."
Herman showed by the book kept by*
himself that he had always earned 20
cents or more an hour for the same work.
For putting a roof on the car Tangier,
he and three others, including No. 2507,
received $19 for 90 urs' work.   On the
Bremer, on which No. 2571 was also employed, ihey received $9.20 for less than
45 hours' work.
"The other men live ln Pullman houses," continued Herman, "and it is impossible for them to throw up their jobs. Of
course, I will have to move to Pullman if
I go back to work there, but I don't see
how I can.
"We are too poor to buy bread now, and
It would be a long time before 1 could
save enough out of 85 cents a day for
moving my family and household furniture to Pullman."
The Hermans live ln the basement of
a two-story cottage at 158 Hudson avenue.
In the kitchen was a small fire, around
which their four children huddled to keep
warm. Although Herman has lost little
time, his wages have been so small that
he has found It difficult to make both ends
meet. After paying his board at Pullman
for five days and car fare both ways,
there was nothing left for his family. He
finished the interview by asking:
"Do you think any man should ask a
skilled mechanic to work for 8% cents an
hour?"
Spokane Falls & Northern,
Nelson & Fort Sheppard,
Red Mountain Railways.
THE ONLY ALL RAIL ROUTE WITHOUT CHANGE OP CARS BETWEEN
SPOKANE, ROSSLAND AND NELSON.
DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.
Leave. Arrive.
7:00 a. m Spokane 7:00 p. m.
10:30 a. m Rossland 3:25 p. m.
9:00 a. m Nelson 5:20 p. m.
Close connections at Nelson with steamers tor Kaslo and all Kootonay Lake
points.
Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary Cre»k connect at Marcus with stage
dally.
Kettle River Stage Line.
G. W. WILLIAMS, Manager.
: : :FROM : : :
Marcus to Grand Forks, Greenwood, Anaconda,
Boundary Falls and Midway, B. C.,
And all Points on the Reservation.
Stages Leave Marcus on ihe Arrival ot the Train.
Leave   Grand   Forks 4:00 a. m.
Arrive Grand  Forks  9:00 p. m.
Leave  Marcus 12 m.
Arrive Marcus 11:00 a.m.
Boundary Hotel
MIDWAY, KETTLE RIVLR.
First Class Accommodation,  Good  Stabling,   Terminus  ot
Stage Line inin Marcus, Washington.
McAULEY & LUNDY,   -   -   -   -   Proprietors
SANS0M & H0LBR00K       •
Financial, : Mining : and : Real : Estate : Agents,
GREENWOOD CITY, B. C.
DEALERS IN MINIES
I
Investors Shown Claims hy
an expeii.nced man.
FARMING LANDS
AND
OTHER PROPERTIES
AND
TIMBER   LANDS
A Large List of Good Claims for Sale on Our Hands
C. A. Jones,
=Hf House and Carriage Painting,
^ I I X INI ^ Plain and Decorative Paper
 —.—1|| Hanging,   Kalsomin ng, Etc.
Grand Forks and Greenwood City, B. C.
Prospector's : Livery, : Feed : and : Sale : Stables
GRAND FORKS, B. C,
Livtry Teams, «< s ,
Saddle and Pack Horses, ■"■■■*
Ladies Saddle Horses.
HAY,   GRAIN~AND   WOOD
FOR SALE.
Teaming of all Kinds a Specialty. | I
|    Farm, Orchard and Range,    f
K8^ir--&*^*f>*e>&*o*^-«*>-8-^-i^^
State Experimental Station, Pullman, Wash., Jan. 5.—To the Editor
ot The Spokesman-Review: The question
of the milk supply in cities is one that
affects almost every citizen, excepting
only the fortunate man who is the possessor of a specimen of the proverbial
town cow. It is highly Important that
the public generally should be well informed on this subject, for the reason that
it is extremely easy to practice fraud In
the delivery of milk, and In those cities
which pay no attention to their milk
supply fraud is so common that it is extremely dlliicult for a strictly honest dealer to do business. Not omy is there unlimited   opportunity  for  fraud,   but  cows
that are kept in lllthy stables
and fed tilthy slops, and cows
thai are attended by ihose who have
been exposed to contagious diseases, furnish a producl which is liable to carry
disease. Again, it is a very common practice with some milk men to add small
quantities of boraclc acid or other poisons to milk, because the poisons prevent
the milk from souring.
These poisons often cause serious derangement of the digestive organs, especially of children and invalids. If the
milk your milk man delivers sours easily,
you may feel pretty sure that It has not
been poisoned to prevent its souring,
invllrs Dishonesty.
People who have lived In cities all their
lives know very little concerning milk,
and this fact of itself invites dishonesty. A friend of mine once started in
the milk business ln a city. He delivered
only pure, unskimmed milk. One customer refused the milk, because, he said,
the sample left the evening before had a
nasty, greasy scum on it next morning.
When told this was cream, he became
an enthusiastic customer.
City people should know for their own
protection that pure, wholesome, unskimmed milk consists, on the average, of
about 87 parts water, four parts oil (butter fat), 2.7 parts casein (which curdles
when the milk sours), 7 parts albumen
(which rises as a scum on boiled milk),
4.9 parts milk sugar and 7 parts mineral
matter in a hundred. All these materials
are nutritious In the extreme, and very
digestible, so that milk Is one of the
cheapest and best foods in the world.
Cream differs from milk only in containing more oil, or butter fat, as the oil in
milk Is called. The oil in milk is present
in small round drops, which look very Interesting under the microscope. While
milk contains about 4 per cent of fat,
cream contains from 12 to 30 per cent.
For making ice cream, about 18 per cent
cream is best, richer cream churning to
some extent ln the process of making.
The amount of cream skimmed from milk
varies from one-fourth to one-seventh of
the whole quantity of the milk. Pure
skimmed milk Is an excellent food, but It
Is worth less than half as much as a food
as whole milk.
The Rest Index-.
The best index we have to the nutritive
value of milk Is the per cent of fat it
contains. Milk containing 6 per cent fat
is worth twice as much as that containing 3 per cent. It ought, therefore, to
be sold according to Its fat contents. Milk
containing less than 3 per cent of fat Is
worth very little, hence our state law forbids its sale unless It is sold as skimmed
milk. Those who buy milk ought to insist on having at least 4 per cent of fat
In it. You can easily have the milk tested,
to see if such is the case.
To do this, take the milk as delivered,
shake It up thoroughly to mix the cream
with it, then immediately dip out about:
an ounce of milk and put It in a two-
ounce vial. Send this to a creamery,
where .you can probably get it tested for
not more than five cents. The state experiment station will test all such samples
free of charge. In this way city people,
especially the poor people, who can not
afford to pay 5 to 10 cents a quart for water, can get good, nutritious milk. It
would be much easier for the honest
milk man to live where everyone demanded 4 per cent milk.
The question often comes up whether
milk containing only 2 per cent of fat has
been adulterated. In answer It must be
said that there are many cows that give
milk even poorer than this, but such
milk is worth little more man pure water as a food. The man who knowingly
keeps a cow that gives 2 per cent milk
and sells this milk for the price of good,
nutritious, 4 per cent milk is committing
a fraud just the same as he who owns a
cow that gives 4 per cent milk and who
adds a gallon of water to a gallon of milk,
nnd sells the mixture for two gallons of
pure milk. They both give the same
value for the money received. If the
fraud consists in putting the water Into
the milk, the cow Is the fraud In the first
Instance and the man in the second. Hut
the fraud consists, not in putting the water in the milk; it consists ln selling such
milk to unsuspecting persons as good
milk, which It is not.
Testing the Milk.
The poor people in a city are practically
helpless against dishonesty ot milk dealers, when the city authorities permit
such dishonesty. The result Is. they do
not buy milk, and are thus cut off from
one of the cheapest nnd best foods. If
the city would employ some one competent to operate the Bnbcoek lest and then
Invito the public to send In samples of
milk delivered, havo the milk tested, and
simply publish the tests, no arrests would
be neeessnry. This would correct (he evil
immediately, because dealers delivering
Inferior milk would Immediately have to
change their methods or drop out of the
race. The premium would then be placed
on honesty, while It Is now on dishonesty.
In the case of men who own cows that
give 3 per cent milk, It would be perfectly right for them to sell milk, provided they asked only three-fifths as
much per quart as the man who sells
5 per cent milk; 5 per cent milk nt 10
cents a quart and 3 per cent milk at C
cents a quart are of equal cheapness.
Tho above hints are thrown out In the
Interests of purchasers of milk and those
dealers who are endeavoring to give full
value for the money they receive.
Keeping milk From Soaring.
In conclusion, I will state that there
Is only one legitimate method of keeping
milk from souring. The souring is due
to the growth of microscopic plants, most
kinds of which are beneficial, especially
to the butter and cheosemaker. To keep
milk from souring these llttlo plants must
be kept out as completely as possible,
but this can not be done entirely. Those
that do get ln can be kept from growing,
In several ways. They may be poisoned
by adding borax, and other poisons, nil
of which result In serious injury to people with delicate stomachs, who drink
the  poisoned milk.    The  proper  way  is
to keep the milk so cold that the little
plants In It can not grow, or better still,
heat the milk to 100 degrees Fahrenheit,
for 20 minutes, then cool immediately as
low as possible. This kills the plants,
and tlie milk will keep sweet several days.
EXPERIMENTING       WITH       ONIONS.
Cure Shonld He Taken Not to Set the
Plants Too Deep.
The Utah exiH.-rime.nt station reports experiments with transplanted onions, from
which the following is selected:
"in ihe experiments ihe principal object
was to compare the new method of onion
growing with the old, and, incidentally, lo
make a test of varieties.
"For the benefit of those who arc noi f a-
millar with the new method, H is here
given briefly: In the latter part of February, or ea-ly in March, tlie seeds are sown
In a hot-bed anil the plants allowed to remain there till the weather permits their
transplanting In the Held; this can be done
nlmost as early as the seed can bo planted
in the field, thus giving the transplanted
onion a decided advantage. In uhe experiment hore, the seeds were sown March*.l2
ln a hot-bed, and the young onions were
transplanted in the field on April 23. When
transplanted, they ranged ln size from
the size of a knitting needle to nearly the
size of a slate panel' "When they are
transplanted about one-half the tops
should bo cut off. Care should be taken
not to set the plants too deep. They should
be sot from three to four inches apart, excepting early onions, which should not be
over two inches apart. The extra work
caused by transplanting is compensated
by the smaller amount of seed required
per acre, and by the greater ease of cultivation. Since the onions attain a fair size
by tho time tho weeds start, early planting
obviates almost entirely the necessity of
'hand weeding; the laborious task of thinning is also done away with.
"Several varieties, both early and late,
were used in the experiment, in order that
the results might be more conclusive and
have a wider range of application. The
early varieties grown from transplanted
onions were ready for market fully two
weeks before the same variety grown direct from the seed ln the field, and commanded a much higher price. The yields
mentioned refer to a row one rod long.
"Extra early red transplanted onions
yielded 15% pounds per rod; onions from
seed yielded 7 pounds. Giant Kocca transplanted onions yielded 1GV4 pounds per rod,
and onions from seed yielded VP/° pounds.
Prizetaker transplanted yielded 21 pounds
5 ounces per rod, and from seed, IS pounds
9 ounces. Yellow Dutch transplanted, 10M:
pounds per rod, and from seed, 0 pounds."
IS A LARGE CHICKEN FARM.
DAY  NURSERY  IN  BOSTON
An    Illinois   Poultry   Establishment
That In a lllr.l City.
Just outside of Quincy, Hi., is a farm
whose fame is known to poultry fanciers
all over the world. It is the largest of
Its kind and is awonderful place, says
the New York Press.
Forty-eight acres of land and a number of fine brick buildings are devoted
entirely to the raising of thousands of
high-bred chickens, ducks and geese, of
which 3200 were sold last year.
This farm for 17 years has been sending
fowls for breeding purposes to all parts
of the world. Only fancy breeds of
fowls are dealt in. Many a poor family in
the crowded cities of the east would think
themselves well provided for if they were
one-half as well housed as some of the
poultry raised on this farm.
More time and trouble is spent by the
proprietors in getting proper food and
water for their feathered charges than
Is spent by many a hend of a family
with half a dozen children to provide
for. Each particular breed of chickens,
ducks or geese has its own houses and
yards. These latter are long runs, fenced
ln with wire screenings or neat pailings.
Big trees afford shade on the feathered
population of this town, and in that portion of the farm devoted to the
web-footed fowls large artificial ponds
and winding brooks have been constructed, through which there Is flowing a
constant stream of water.
Each yard or run has its own proper
house so constructed that It can be
heated by steam in winter and cooled
by cold air ln summer, thus insuring
an even temperature throughout all seasons. Large fields are each season
planted with wheat, barley and buckwheat, and through these the fowls can
roam at all times, free to eat all they
please of the tender young green sprouts
or of the fully developed grain.
One peculiar feature of this farm is
that all of the fowls are raised by artificial means. The incubator house Is a
long, low structure, excellently ventilated and lighted and kept at an ewn temperature throughout the jear. Down the
center of the long narrow room are set
two rows of what at lirst appear to be
old-fashioned dressing tables. They are
hardly that, however, but aro Instead
the most improved incubator, and each
one Is constantly filled with high grade
eggs ln a more or less advanced stage of
incubation.
As soon as the tiny puff ball-like
chicks emerge from the shells, be they
ducks or geese or chickens, they arc removed from the Incubator nnd placed in
another house. Here they are kept for a
few days until they familiarize themselves with the appearance of the world
outside of nn egg und until there is no
doubt as to their health and strength.
Then they are allowed outside in the
runs if the season be warm, or if it Is
winter time they are kept in the house
until spring time.
Each year, between the 1st of December and January 15, competent judges
visit the farm and "score" all the stock.
When this Is completed such birds as aro
not up to the standard or are disqualified
by any little mark or imperfection are at
once crated and shipped to market. Although eggs can be hatched at any time
of the year, most of the eggs are put into
the Incubator in February, March and
April.
There arc practically two farms in
one of these big ranches, what is known
as farm No. 1 being devoted principally
to the hatching of eggs and the raising
of fancy poultry. Farm No. 2 is given
up almost exclusively to the raising of
Pekin ducks and Toulouse geese. There
are altogether between 8000 and 10,000
fowls raised annually on this farm, and
they aro sent all over the earth. In the
past season eggs and birds have been
shipped to Glasgow, Scotland; Dublin,
Ireland; Hawaii, Mexico, Canada, Cuba,
Nordly on tlie Island of Fano, and even
to China.
How  tlie  Institution   In Conducted.—*
its Influence.
People who deplore'lhe wickedness prevailing in great cities, where a large class
of neglected children are springing up to
make adult perverts in the time to come,
ought to rejoice in tlie knowledge that
agencies are at work to surround these
less fortunate little ones with good influences and to teach them moral and industrial characteristics and habits, says
ih.' Boston Transcript. That such
agencies do exist, and aredolng good worK.
liny will not have lo inquire long lor, before being brought face to lac; with
them.
One of these beneficent institutions in
Boston, which has fur a number of year.-:
been doing a Bplendid work, is the Day
Nursery. It was started In or 12 years
ago in St. Paul's church, and was known
as iin- St. Paul's Nursery.
Doubtless Un' principal motive influencing those who originated the day nursery Idea was to provide proper physical
care for a class uf forlorn childhood, and
iu enable the mother tu continue as a
wage-earner and iu help in providing the
necessities of life for herself and her family. Hut the results uf this benevolence
from a social standpoint are nut only immediate, but far-reaching. A .lay nursery, if rightly and systematically conducted, can become the center of an Impulse toward cleanliness, good temper,
morality, and even spirituality, whose circles shall continually widen and increase.
It comes, perhaps, into closer contact
with the very life of the people than dues
any other agency now at work among the
pour. It needs for matron or superintendent, a woman Intelligent, cultivated, sympathetic, and, above all, in love with her
work; recognizing its possibilities, as well
as her own opportunities. Such a woman,
the parents of the neighborhood learn to
trust, und they are glad to receive from
her suggestions that tend to make themselves and their families better and happier. Many of the mothers are ignor.
ant, but they love their children as
strongly, perhaps, as more fortunate
mothers, and they are eager to do whatever may contribute to their welfare—if
only they are shown how.
At the nursery children from three
weeks old to seven years are received, ;t
respective of nationality or religion. The
conditions of their admission are:
"Children shall be admitted when there is
sickness at home which is not contagious; when parents (one or both) arc
obliged to be absent at work; when In extreme poverty; when older children have
to be kept from school to take care of
younger ones, and when the mother is in
delicate health." Of course, the nursery
Is not open on Sundays or on holidays,
when the parents are at home.
The limit is 30 children, but not more
than 11 of these can be less than a year
and a half old. That is considered to be
as many babies as one nurse can well care
for. They begin to eome at half past 7 in
the morning and may stay as late its 0
o'clock. Some of the older ones go to the
kindergarten school and a few to the primary, and at noon a maid Is sent lor
them. As they come in, each child is expected to take off his own coat and hat II
he can, because "everything they can be
taught tu do fur themselves is so much
gain." They will have to learn this in the
lives to which they are born, and it is
well that they should begin early.
In some nurseries the children are
bathed and dressed throughout in fresh
clothing every morning as soon as they
are brought In; but ill the Tyler Street
Nursery they are provided with clean
pinafores only, "to keep their dresses
clean," and the mother is encouraged to
bring her baby neatly and comfortably
dressed. Most of them take considerable
pride in doing so. After the children
have been for a short time in this atmosphere of gentleness and affection, they
cease to be irritable, and grow happy and
good natured. If they are permitted to
have these influences for a few years,
may it not be expected, remembering how
deep and lasting are the impressions of
childhood, that it will exert a sweetening
and elevating influence over all their future?
THE ARGENTINA WHEAT
SOUTH   AMERICAN
COMPETING
REPUBLIC
FACTOR.
SINGLE      ARTICLE      OF      DIET.
A    Medlc.il    Man    Who    Existed   for
Thirty Days on Sweet Milk.
A medical man expresses the belief that
a person could live for any length of time
and take heavy exercise all the while on
no other food than sweet milk. His conviction is the result of persona'! experiment, says the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
He wanted to establish the fact that persons convalescing from sickness may grow
stronger with no other -nutriment, than
sweet milk, and that they are not obliged
to take "something solid" to eat, as so
many people Imagine. He holds that miny
a convalescent has gone into the grave as
a result of overtaxing his weak stomach
by putting "solid" food into It, and he
maintains that the old belief as to bread
being the first essential of human life is
shown by his experiment lo be erroneous.
His teat was to live 30 days with only
sweet .milk as a nourishment, ln the whole
time he lost live and a half pounds In
weight, hul no strength, lie even attributes the loss of weight lo the warmth uf
the weather and lo excessive exercise on
lho bicycle, and the dally manipulation of
lil-pound dumbbells and other heavy
weights. He took more exercise lhan usual in order to lest the thing fairly. On the
seventh day of the experiment he ran several fast races In a skillful manner, but
was beaten In each race.
On the 30th day he again pitted himself
against the same runner and gol the best
of his opponent, which certainly would
tend to confirm his statement that he lost
no strength during the 30 days' tesl. lie
drank four pints of milk daily for the last
week. He thinks a healthy person should
take about five pints of milk dally when
no other food is being taken. His practice
was to drlng milk at intervals for '.wo
hours during the day, commencing at 7
o'clock ln the morning and continuing until 10 at night. After that -he would lake
no more until the next morning.
Partners    FUTored     by     Cheap
Land,  Fertile Soil  mill
Fine Climate.
SAYS THE LORD GAVE ORDERS.
Mary English Claims Divine Mission
Regarding Parmer Lee's Sheep.
Elmore Lee and the hired man of Shel-
byvllle, Ind., went to the woods to look
after the former's sheep, when they
found a well dressed, good looking young
woman herding the animals. From her
appearance she had been with them several days. The woman claimed the sheep
as her own, and demanded that the men
leave the promises. She was taken to tho
city and placed ln Jail. She would not
offer any explanation for being found
with the sheep, except that she had been
sent by the Lord to protect them. On
being placed in jail she said that her
name was Mary English, and that was
all she would say.
The republic of Argentine, which fur
12 years past has been a growing factor
in competition with the United Stales in
the cereal markets of the world, Is making greater progress than our consular
reports would lead students of the world's
commerce lo believe, and a truthful
glance at the actual facts can be had
by a perusal of Mr. William Goodwins
brochure on "Wheat Growing In Argentine Republic." This scholarly gentleman,
who is a fellow ot the Royal Geographical Society, has been a resident of the
great southern republic for many years,
 1    has    published    his    little    book  at
Buenos Ayres. lie has gone exhaustively
into the system of wheat growing, tlie
methods uf transportation, tlie milling of
flour, the inspection or grain and the
several grades in quality of the cereal.
Mr. Goodwin's faels make it clear that
the farmers of the great northwest can
not hope successfully to compete for any
number of years with the wheat growers of Argentine, says tho New York Mail
and Express. Snow is unknown ln the
winter wheat lands, and fiost Is the only
real enemy to be feared in the spring of
the year. The splendid system of railroads operated by British capital brings
the product of the farmer nearer to the
seaport facilities than our giant railroad
system can for our farmers, because the
Wheat lands of Argentina are not so far
westerly from the coast. The climate in
three-fourths of the wheat-growing section can not well be Improved upon, and
those farmers who at lirst cultivated
wheat lands where droughts or Hood
came to destroy the value of their crops
have taken up new lands, where the chief
menace at this time Is the periodical ravages of the locust. Tho fertility of the
soil gives to the growers a crop up to ibe
average of the best grown ln the northern
republic, and, as the farmers live cheaply, and, indeed, with extreme frugality,
Mr. Goodwin figures out that they can
sell fit ti profit where the farmers of the
United States would grow at a loss. Splendid farming land can be had for $5 an
acre, and there are modern facilities for
the gathering, bundling and transportation of the product.
Cost of Production.
It Is pointed out that the cost of wheat
growing is made small and operated to
tho best advantage, lirst, because Lhe
small farms can be worked almost entirely by the family of the farmer with the
assistance of peon labor at harvest time;
second, because the Italian colonist who
control the farming districts have .in
energy and self-denial not characteristic of their race in other countries, and
third, because the ahunilar.ee of farm
supplies in the shape of cattle, sheep and
breadstuff's makes the cost of the necessaries of life far below the average of
value in the United States. Many of the
farmers aro content to live in simple
shelter houses, purchasing only what is
actually necessary from the storekeepers
and saving a large percentage of their
crops. Many of the Italians live on a
simple diet of cooked beans or Indian
corn, flavored with grease and having occasionally the carcass of a stick cow or
bullock. The climate Is so temperate
that fires and heavy clothing aro not
needed, and as food Is ridiculously cheap,
these Italian emigrants can produce
wheat and corn at a cost much less than
the farmer of the United States.
The tenant farmer rapidly acquires land
in his own right. He will live in a simple
mud house, and by giving tho landlord
50 per cent of his lirst crop make a big
instalment upon the cost of his land.
The tenant farmers on an average become
proprietors in three years, and it is a matter of record there that Scnor Puazzone,
who arrived from Italy with nothing but
health and wits, has now 00,000 acres of
owned or leased land. Those farmers also
raise corn, oats, barley and potatoes.
which helps develop their capacity. They
have very little interest in the progress
of the country or In the upward flight of
civilization, and contribute nothing to the
growth of the cities of Argentina. A fair
percentage of the Italians, having earned a few thousand dollars from their
crops, sell their farms and return to Italy.
Hundreds of emigrants come yearly to
take their places, and many thousands of
acres of new lands are put Into cultivation
every year. With a good average crop,
Argentina, It Is estimated, would he able
to export as much wheat as we do hy IS9S,
and the prospect fur 111.' cultivation of
maize suggests that the southern republic will have equal success with that
cereal.
Mure Whcnt Lands.
The states or, as they are called, provinces, devoted to wheat culture at present
Including those of Santa Fe Buenos Ayres,
Entre, Bios and Cordova. The area under
cultivation Is equal to the combined areas
of England and France. As there Is twice
as much land not yet cultivated within
easy distance of the railways already constructed, It will be readily scon that there
can be an extensive development in the
area of Argentina's wheat lands. The
surface of the country Is almost completely level, free from stones and timber,
has a rich soil and a climate that averages 74 in summer and 57 ln winter. The
rainfall is plentiful, and there are recurring night dews in the spring. The soil
is mainly composed of a vegetable layer
of black loam averaging 20 inches in
depth, nnd underneath this there is a
sub-soil of sandy character, and still lower hard clay, which holds the rainfall
and, unless there Is a long drought, nourishes the roots of the wheal; plants.
It Is believed that this fertile plain must
have been at one time the bed of the
mighty Parana river, and that the rich
soli covering the land was formed by deposits carried down from the tropical forests of Brazil and the luxuriant slopes of
the Andes. Mr. Goodwin says the best
wheat land is found within 100 miles of
the seaboard, or within the same distance
from tlie River Parana, hut there is practically no land within 200 miles of tho
river that can not be properly cultivated.
It is his belief that no other country can
offer so many advantages to the farmer
who desires to make a business of wheat
growing and who Is content to live without any large degree of comfort.
Pluntiag the Cereal.
Wheat is usua y sown as the furrows
are freshly tu i I by '.lie plower. The
planting in St. ita Fe and Entre Bios 's
from early May till the middle of July,
and in Buncos Ayres and Cordova the
planting is made as late as the middle
of August. The large proportion of tic
seed Is still hand-sown, broadcast, after
une plowing only, and ;s covered with a
harrow of the feeblest description. Deep
plowing is unnecessary, and few plowers
iu the country turn the furrow mur.-"than
four Inches deep. There arc few noxt-
ous weeds. The Italian docs not spare
himself and his family in bis hunt for
wealth, but will plow by moonlight and by
starlight, resting only in the hot midday
hours. His children are made in work
when v.-i-y young, and buys of seven years
can ride a horse and perhaps drive a harrow or even a double plow with steady
bullocks.
-Mr. Goodwin says thai i! is not uncommon fur the Italian farmers to have as
many as 12, 10 and even Is children In a
family, and be w.n remembers in une of
his earlier journeys a long procession of
plows and harrows driven b> a family
party, the grandmother being in fronl ol
the procession and a Mule • hi in the rear.
Tin. man works 15 ami ID hours a day. and
his greatest extravagance is the purchase
of small drinks of cheap spirits. As a
rule, the Italian colonists are temperate
In their habits. Another advantage in
Argentina is the fact that, favored by the
seasons, the farmer can plow three times
as much land as his competitor in the
United States. One Important feature of
farm economy Is that horses and bullocks
can pasture all the year and do not require to be housed during the winter.
There are from 200 to 300 railway stations
whore wheat is shipped, and. while the
rale of transportation is high, the produce
goes directly to the ocean ports by railway haulage, or through the 800 miles uf
magnificent waterway that penetrates inland. The average distance from station
to seaboard is about 150 miles, as compared with 1000 miles in the United States,
so that the Argentine farmer has a distinct advantage over his competitor in
this country.
Half the  World's  Supply.
It is admitted by the writer on "Wheat
Growing in the Argentine Republic," that
all statistics gathered there as to the output of wheat must be accepted with great
reserve. Errors of 10 per cent in particular cargoes have frequently been established, The best figures, however, show
7,500,000 acres under cultivation In 1894. Tlie
export crop in 1881 was figured at 396,000
tons. In 1s:r2 the wheat export was 470,000
tons. In ISO.'! the export late was in excess of 1,000,000 tons, in 18J4 it had reached
the enormous total of 1,608,000 tons, and
the export of flour had icached the respectable figure of 50.000 tons. There was
a falling off in 1S95 to 1)00,000 tons, but
wholly because of a bad crop and a somewhat increasing consumption jf Hour in
the Argentine Republic.
The total area of the republic is in extreme length 2300 miles, and in width 500
miles, or a total of 729,000,000 of acre--.
equal to the areas of Great Britain and
Ireland, France, Germany, Austria. Hungary, Italy, Portugal. Spain. Belgium,
Holland and Greece. The flat level part
In the temperate zones Is estimated at
S0H.000 square miles or 512.000,000 of acres.
The distinctly fertile region regarded as
suitable for the cultivation of the various
cereals Is placed at 375,000 square miles. If
one-half of the supposed suitable Ian.I
were to be placed under cultivation, and
the low average of 10 bushels per acre
should he obtained, the result would be a
supply equal to half the estimated wdieat
ciop of the world. The unexampled development of Argentina's trade in wheat
Is shown by the record of government
statistics for fourteen years. In 1881 Argentina imported 177,000 tons, while II
years later she exported 1,000,000 tons. No
other country has any such record, and
her development in Ihe exportation uf
linseed oil, frozen sheep, jerked beef, hides
nnd skins, hemp, poultry, nnd other products can find no better Illustration than
the fact that while her population is less
than one-third ot Brazil's, her exports are
within a few millions of the famous co—
fee-growing country of the world.
AMONG THE   LABORERS
EVENTS   TRANSPIRING   IN   THE   DOMAIN OF  LAIIOR.
THE     YEAR'S     CRIMINAL     RECORD.
Fewer Lynching*, lint  More Murders
—Amount   of   Enlhcy./lemeiits.
There were 131 lynchlngs in this country
In 1896, 40 less than in IMC. (inly one ol
the victims was a woman. The record of
mob murders is now attracting attention
not only of moral workers, but legislatures, or the lynchlngs, 122 occurred in
the south and nine in Ihe north. Of the
victims, SO were negroes and 51 whites.
The number of legal executions ill 1890
was 122. The sou ill had 88 uf the executions and the north 3(1; whiles executed, iU;
negroes,  IS;  Indians. 4.
There woro 052a suicides in the United
Slates during 1890. of Hie suicides, 6078
were males and 1112 females.
The number of murders committed was
10,052, as compared with 10,600 In 1895.
The amount of tho embezzlements, for.
gerles ami bank wreckings In Mill was
$9,405,921, as compared with $10,423,205 last
year.
LOOKING   FORWARD   TO   HARMONY.
Another Town oil  the  llclliiin.v plan
to He Founded in Texas.
The Rev. I. N. Merryfleld, manager uf the
Co-operative Commonwealth, has arrived at
Kansas City from Texas, where nt n point two
miles from the Sabine lake and three miles
from Port Arthur he bus been engaged In
founding the town of Harmony, says the Star.
The Co-operative Commonwealth has purchased 3*HWl acres uf land near this point from the
Port Arthur band Company. One section Is to
he used us the town site, where it is proposed
tn start 11 HiiRur mill, cotton Kin, oil mill and
ether Industries. The remainder of the land
is used fer the production of BUgar, rice, cotton and garden stuff.    Mr.  Men-Held Bays that
It is the Intention of the capitalists who own
most of the Block In the Co-operative Commonwealth that the new town shall Bom day
merge late Porl Arthur. The manager Bays
that all aide bodied men and women will Had
employment at the new town. About .'.a men
are new nt work, hi' says, hulldlng shelter for
new arrivals.
FIRST  SALOON   IN   FIFTEEN    YEARS.
Topeklt,    Kan.,    Is    Greatly    Excited
Dccansc  tl   Hum   Shop   In  Open.
For the first time in 15 yours un open
saloon Is In full blast In this citadel of
prohibition, says a Topekn. Kan., telegram. A negro hotel keeper, In defiance
of the police, served drinks at a big hotel
opening ami men and women caroused
all night. Temperance ami church people will demand of Governor Morrill the
removal of the police board. One of them
is n preacher and nnothor a class lender
tn the Presbyterian church.
Iiilereatlng  Item*,  for  Wngen-orker
Gathered From All Parti, of
the Country.
The A. 1'*. uf' I., has endorsed the boycott placed against the bicycle saddles
manufactured hy the pious fraud Garford
of Elyria, Ohio, who preaches protection
and tiays h.s employes ('bines., wages.
Owing lo the activity of the labor press,
lhe boycott has spread to England, and
It is only a question uf a little lime when
the brutal Garford will learn what other
arrogant capitalists have learned, viz..
that a boycott is a merciless engine of
warfare once it gets started. Don'l purchase bicycles  Willi   ....rford saddles.
Three new .'ikciiis' uni.jiis were formed
lately ai Battle Creek, Mich., and South
Bend and Logansport, Ind. ,\ referendum vote is now being taken un the
question uf establishing a nation- headquarters and an organ, Tlie fraternal
insurance companies are likely, for business reasons, to assist in putting the
screws iu ttte Metropolitan Insurance
Company, which is being boycotted fur
disrupting agents' unions.
Debs has gune on an organizing tour tu
Colorado ami Incidentally lo cheer up the
silver miners un strike. The militia is
still un duty at a cost uf $2000 a day, and
some of the papers are gravely discussing
the possibility of a bankrupt state owing
lo the stubbornness of the mine owners,
who, it is claimed, are in sympathy with
the eastern goldbugs und desire to see the
state overburdened with taxation.
Official summary: in Great i.utaiti in
November strikes Increased 25 per cent;
103,000 workers secured belter way.-.
averaging 43 cents per week, while no reductions took place; pauperism Increased
slightly, but unemployment and emigration decreased. Nel increase in labor nt-.
ganizatlon was quite fair. About all the
colonies reported a noticeable improvement in the Industrial situation,
The Kansas "disturbers" will never lei
up,   seemingly.    They  propose  to send  a
tralnloud of food tu the 1 gry uf Now
York, and lints drive lhe iron into the
soul of the plutocrats who are unable to
treat the poor of New York fairly and
decently, and yet sneer-at the poverty of
the westerners, who w— at least not see
people starve. Hut plutocrats are plutocrats.
A significant result of the recent election iu the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, one ot the oldest and strongest
unions in the world, with headquarters
in London, was Hie elevation uf George
N. Barnes as general secretary, receiving
17,:;2n voles against 14,767 votes fur .ail
other candidates. Barnes is a socialist,
as arc several of the executive OttlcinlB.
There's an organization boom >>n m
several Indiana towns. It is timely. Late
statistics show ih.ii pauperism is increasing al a fearful rate in the 1 lousier state.
In some counties une person in eight is
aided l.y public charity, and the ratio ot
one    ill    15   ul'   211   seems    tu    be    the    rule.
There's prosperity for yon:
The Boston street railway strike was
a bowling ('.'tree. The men went to pieces
like a  stack of cards in a   wind storm.
The San Francisco street railway employes are threatened with a. reduction
of 50 cents a day. They are also unorganized.
Maggie ('line, the actress, will bring
suit against a scab lirm of New Yuri;
cigar makers fur using bet- name on a
brand of scab cigars. Maggie says she's
no admirer of scabism.
Hamburg capitalists imported (10 Chinese coolies to lake ihe place of the striking dockers. When the Chinese found
out what they were hired fur they quit
and joined the strikers.
Australian seamen arc reporting an organization boom of large proportions. The
labor party representatives have also
spread themselves owr the colonies to
carry  ou organization  work.
Daily papers give it out that 70,000,000
cigars less have been consumed than the
year previous. It is claimed that hard
times ami the anti-smoking agitation arc
the cause, li not machinery something
else will surely uffect a  trade.
Il is thought thai every 'longshoreman
and   seafaring  craftsman
will   be   organized   before
threatened     international
bound 10 come.
The Brotherhood uf the Co-operative
Commonwealth lias passed the firsl thousand in membership, and. according to the
officials, is nn the high road to success.
A Chicago saloonkeeper was lined $125
and   costs   for  selling  cigars   from   a   box
bearing a hocus label. Two other individuals Wvvv arrested for selling eullll-
lerfeit   labels.
Another unfair firm has gone down
before the boycott. Tin- Excelsior snow
Case works at Quincy, III., has been sold
at sheriff's sale. The JQuinoy Show Case
works sill! holds out.    Hil  'em hard.
Socialists Issued a party charter ami
four union charters week before last, one
uf which was Clgarmakers' union Nn. 1
uf Chicago,
Tin' United German singers' societies
of Philadelphia, was disrupted owing to
the fad thai priming was given lo a
scab newspaper.
Kansas City unions arc protesting
against the Introduction of military tactics In t he public schools.
A determined effort will be made to
abolish the contract system ln the Nebraska penitentiary.
Toledo unions forced an eight-hour ordinance  through   the city council.
Printers of Switzerland decided to create
ti national defense fund.
A state label league is about to be organized in .Michigan.
Iron molders are mnklng strong efforts
to abolish the piece system and have had
good success In eastern towns lately.
Horseshoe!s will spend several thousand dollars to organize their craft.
In October the printing pressmen issued seven charters and now have 120
local unions.
Carpenters issued nine charters in October.
Butchers are organizing nationally.
Clgarmakers issued two more charters.
at   New   v/ork
spring.     That
strike    seems
A   False   Alltrm.
Excited Depositor—What does this mean?
The bank dosed nnd all the officials (rone!
We're  lost!
Janitor—No, you're not, sir. They're Just out
telling   the   depositors   the   bank's   all   right.—
Clnolnnatl Commercial Tribune. (1RAND  FORKS  MINEh.
U. McOaktkh it ■
. E. McC.uitru - ■
 PR
Editor and
MANAGER.
Tin? Utvnt ii ptiMtehed on Saturday and will
mallei! to Bubserib-tr on payment of Two
•.'jUrh-* a yenr.
Displayed AilTcrtlfitumejHs 12 ivn Inch per
montn. A liberal dirounut allowod on long
-on tracts.
• Tran<:Uut AdTertlntnnoTiti 30 ositta a line first
i:iierti;>n aud iu cant* a Una for each additional
laaerfton.
Local or reading matte; Mottoes'-in acntieaeli
Insertion.
■ Job Printing q| Pair rates. All aordoms fo
|ob work and odTerturogpa/MTra on Wiefinit of
-jaoh month. F. n. (r^Uitr^ ft Hon.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 181)7.
LOCAL NOTES.
Try Knight's meals.
The Miner does all kincja of job aid
commercial printing.
Knight's meals aro the host in town
md tho price is 25 ceqte,
Dr. Averill his purchased the paint
shop and lot,lately owned hy 0. A. Jones.
Don't forget to call and get a haoging
lump for your wife at Manly's Hard
ware.
School commenced on Monday last,
tils averse" attendance for this week
past was 23,
Geo. P, Mima left for Vernon on Sat
inlay last and will likely return tonior
row evening.
Several town lots were ejld tho pint
week the purchasers lining American
business men.
When you aro hungry go to Fred
Kuight's restaurant and got tho bes-t
meal in th" town.
Mr. Walker, owner of tlio Garnet
tuine on Pass creek, is pushing work
on this property.
Dr. .lakes, of Greenwood, came over
the mountain on Thursday and remained a short time among tie.
Fred. Wollaston, P. 1. S„ left on Mop
day last for Greenwood where lie will
h« engaged   for >-o'5e  weeks  surveying.
Jeff Davis returned from Portland on
Thursday evening stage, where ho hi-.
been upending his  Christmas holidays
A. 0. Sutton was a passenger on Tues
day's stage to Marcus, lie has gone
to Rossland und will return in a few
days.
A hud form of LaGrippe has struck
our burg and in consequence, a general
fooling of indisposition hae Beized
some of   us.
A small colony of lf> fumiliefl is ex
pected to arrire at the Forks aboul
February 15th, all of which intend t-
settle   hero.
Kd. Driscoli, nun of Carson's rustling
merchants, was in town yesterday. He
reports everything prosperious in his
neighborhood.
Hardy mountain properties ure in
demand just now, several duals an
ponding for some of the well known
claims on this hill
Fred Wi Huston, 1'. L. S.. returned oi
Friday evening last from Greenwood,
having been called hack to attend to
some urgent surveying business,
James Fitzmaurico, of Dub in, Ire
land, is in town and will remain a few
days, lie represents considerable Irish
capital and may invest during hh
stay.
Whon you fool like eatinir, call on
Fred. Knight and try his 25 cout merchants lunch. Fred has secured thi
services of tin expert cook, whose motto
is excelsior.
The dances for the season are not over
ret.   there is a  mammoth    sheet and
pillow-case dance, as well  as u   couple
nf other ones to   be disponed of  b'fir.
lent commences.
Messrs, Gaffert and Anderson, win
had tli a contract of building U.K. Gilpin's new residence have completed theil
work and report that the house is now
ready for occupancy,
Mr. Hart, contractor, of Greenwo d.
is in town. He has secured the contract frr building 1. A. Dinsmnre's pri
vate residence at tie-west end ot town.
He will commcce work on Monday,
There is good skating now on tht-
North Fork, near the bridge and lorere
"f'his healthful amusement should
take time by the forelock, as a cbinook
will pnatpor •■ iltip pleasure indefinitely.
Tho Miner extends congratulations
to Mr. Charles Emmert, of this town
who on Thursday evening last became a
hifppy father. Tho little Bt ranger is a
girl weighing s pounds, both mother
and child are dointr  well.
The Grand Forks Gold  Mining Com.
puny,  which owns   tho  Indian   Queen
group, up the North Fork, arr*  making
preparations to continue work on the
Indian Queen clnirn,  about   March 1st,
when   tuoy will  keep men    at  work
continuously.
Petitions ure being circulated for sir*
natures; one protesting against granting
a charter to the i BBcade Water. Light
& Power Company, tne other praying
for tlio incorporation of tlio town. A
large number of signers have l> i m secured for both pptiticns.
R. R. Gilpin, our popular customs
nflicer accompanied by his wife and
llttlo son left fer Spokane on Wednesday morning stage, where they have
gone to purchase furniture etc, for their
new residence, which has been ' lately
completed. They will return in a few
days. •   •
Some smart Alio during the past week
amused himself in applying spirits-of
turpentiie to several dogs, in some
. uses almost causing cabie's, 'from 't'lie
torture thus inflicted. This little,
joke is regarded by our statutes as a
scrioiiB otinnce and the local authoriflHs
have a good clew to the identity of the
perpetrator  of  this cowardly trick,' it
nAKINQ   NINES.
Work  Rapidly    Progressing  on  the
Various Properties Near the
Town and More to Start
Operations   Soon.
FINE SHOWING ON THE 430NETA.
A "fliner" Representative Visits the
nine -The  drey   Eagle  Will
Be Worked Immediately
- Others to Resume.
Work has been going on on the Bonel u
on Observation mountain for somo time
past and on Tuesday u representative i
the Miner visited   the mine in order  t
obtain u more perfect  idea of the   pre
gross being made.
Considerable delay has boen cause
i n tlio work of running the 100 foot tui.
nel by tho failuro of the .blaclit-inithin
outfit to arrive from Spokane, l,iil it i
now on the ground and work will g
forward from this un without interup
tion.
Whon  the   MiNrit man   visited   tl.
property Tuesday ho  found tho   tunni
nicely started and already in well   mini ■
calized rock.
Tho old workingB consisted of an opei
cut on tlie vein. A splendid showin,
was mado here although no depth wa
gained. In Blurting the tunnel th
workmen went down the hill about 5
(net from the outcrop oT tho lodge an
ran in toward the footwall so as to strik
tho vein tit a depth of somewhere net-;
75 feet directly under thia open cut.
The work so far d insists of an ope
cut of 12 or 15 foot and tho workmoi
aro about six feet under cor or, A goo
Showing of iron and copper pyrites i
being made although they have from li-
to 50 foet yet to run before tapping th-
vein.
The mineral bo far uncovered lies ii
small figures and shutos apparently
thrown off from the main vein and thi
entire face of the tunnel ie iu roc!
which very much resembles the letlg:
matter shown in the old workings.
It will require from two to three weeki
work to run the tunnel into tho ledgi
but every indication points to tho tiotiati
being ono of tlie greatest properties ii
this section and a paying proposition ii
every way ua soon as tho ore body il
actually reached.
drey Eagle Will Work.
Judge Hpinks, who latxly purchased
tho Grey Ragle and Grand Forks claim:
on Observation mountain near thi
Bonota, is expected to bo in the Forkf
some timo about tho lirst of March une
it iB said that while hero he will let i
contract for a 40 foot tunnel and aim
for soma work on the Grand Forks.
He has lately suoceded in interesting
a number of prominent Canadian c*pi
talistB in these properties and if ih
showing mado by the work soon tn bo
done or, thorn iB any way favorable other
contracts will be let immediately am
work will he pushed contiuously on tin
properties until their value is fully
demonstrated,
Volcanic to Start.
It is Btated on good authority thai
the Olive Gold Mining Company, wliicl
i wna the Volcanic, [roncap, Wolverini
and other properties up tho North Fork,
will put a largo force of men at work
on the Vo'canic on or about tho first ol
March.
We understand that work will bo resumed in the tunnel ruubyR. A.Brown,
the Original owner of tlio Volcanic.
This tunnel is probably the most dis
etissod piece of mining engineering in
the Kettle riror or Boundary districts.
Instead of starting a shaft on the im
mense ore deposits of this claim when
thoy crop out on the surface of the
mountain Mr. Brown went down the
mountain side and started a tunnel to
tap tho ore body. Un ran in 350 feet
without tapping tho ore, and then leased
his property to an American syndicate which confined its operations
to prosp»cting the property by meaus of
numerous shafts sunk at different points
on the vein croppings. ThiB prospecting show, the Volcanic to have
undou btedly the greatest surfuou show-
ing in Ihe entire world.
Now tho tunnel in to bo pushed forward and if as expected it laps tho ore
buly the production of oro will bo un-
precedent,- I ss a depth of between 8011
and 1,500 iv-ll bo attained and the stop-
ing ground opened up will be practical1}' without limit.
Work wid also be done on tho surface
in the way of a abaft ou tha vein, but
in all probability it is upon tho tunnel
that the Volcanic must dopond to make
it a producing mine.
And the Seattle Also.
'.I he Seattle Mining & Smelting Company is also expected to roBUtno operations on thi- the Seattle mine about
March 1. A shaft is to be sunk 200 foot
on the vein and then orosscutB wili be
run both ways across the ledge aud a
drift started to the south.
This property is one of the best known
und one of the most promising in tho
entire district.
A number of the other tninoB up tho
Fork   will start up ai soon as it is deli-
w'ould be well   for him  to  discontinue   nitely known what is  to be done   upon
is 1 .nd of sport, as a repetition of the
offence will result in his being furnished with board and lodging, and a
full set of jewelry- -chair, bracelets,
etc—at the expense ot the Province.
the Volcanic and S"
before the end of t
pact to see a doz<
the near vicinity
ping ore.
Bonds of Electric, Steam
or Horse Car Railways
— PLACED   AT   8H0BTEST   H0TI0E
Persono having mining or other Properties that wi'
boar investigation, can have ■ Company promoted, t:
sell them, by addressing	
MANHATTAN INVESTORS & SECURITIES 00., Ltd
17 and 10 Broadway. New York City.     London  offices:—OhiBwell  House, No
139 Fin::bury Pavement, London, E. C, England.
RAILROAD RUMORS.
Canadian   Pacific  to   Build   Through
Crow's Nest Pass.
In',the  Spoksmau-Review of tho 11th
inst,   we lind tho following:
"News lias been received bore from
Nelson that Robert Mnrpole, Superin
tondent of tho Canadian Pacific Rail
way, is here perfecting arrangements for
the immediate construction of a broad
guago mad from Now Denver, on
Slocan Lake, down the Slocan Bivet
to Wards crossing, on tho Columbia
and Root otay   Railway."
The only way the above can be con
strued is that the Canadian Pacific
Railway is heading for Kootenay with
ull possihln dispatch. Nothing seems
more suitable than for tho Canadian
Pacific to' be tho lirst road into Kootenay, as it is a Canadian road it isei,-
titiled to the enormous tonnage thai
will with out doubt bo shipped from
Kootenay distrlot, within the noxt two
years,
The Victoria & Eastern Railway,
which wiii apply for a charter at Ih.
noxt session of the local legislature,
will doubtless connect with the Crows
nest Pass road, at or near the pass, and
thus virtually make ouo huge lailv vy
system, which will supply tho Kettli
River and Boundary districts, witl
(shipping facilities for the different ores.
a i well as provide a way for tho intro
duction of coke into thee9 parts, whic)
ii indespensible as soon an the loca;
smelting process begins.
There i. now no doubt but that th'
Victoria & Eastern Railway will be un
(Iir construction this comiug spring
and tha: within the next eighteen
months it will be completed, when betides being a boon to the mining dis
tricts, it will provide a means of transporting produce from tho rich farmi
) the Okanogan country, to the mining camp-i in the Kettle Rivor am
Boundary districts. Where »t present
it is extremely hard to obtain mauy af
I io necessaries of life, owing to poor
t anaportation facilities and the high
duty that in imposed ou articles coming
from acMsri the lino.
KETTLE RIVER  MINING   DIVISION
..'ccords of Mineral  Locations for the
Week Ending Dec. 29.
( EKTiriCATr.S OF WORK.
1) comber 10— St. Elmo, if.Graaf and F. MeMmm
Djccmber 19—-Morrison, (leo. T, Crane.
I.ast f'lma a-. Win. Austin, P.  As|iiuwnll and
T. L.: nvage.
Alice, Sir (J. Ross.
Lexington. Q   W.  Rumberger, J. M. Taylor,
M. Oppeubeimor and Thou. Kirk.
Dundee, .la*. Sutherland and it. Wood.
December -J—Ruby, tract., Arthur Rondel!.
December 23- Unite City, K. I'. Suydara.
December28—Big Ledse.'D. ft. Uoll-rook.
Ruby, Geo. Cook nnd W. (1. McMynn.
■'("'ember 29—Potter  Palmer and Texas, E. 8,
Graham.
TRANSFERS.
int.
ecember 26*—Sansom, all int., D. Stewart to R.
Patterson.
Iilfiek Hear. y2 int., A. Lundlow to A. JohnBon
Queen of Spades, n'l Int., A. K.  MoPhillins ti
r.illlooQt, I*1. R. -& C. Mining cbmpauy.
Halgary,',., int..T. A.Garland to M. T. Robinson
Calgary, MS Int., M.T. Robinson loM. J. Kaley
Maud 8 all int., ditto.
Gordon, '■. int., ditto,
Waterloo,  % int.., .1. W.  Youug to Lindsay
Ashe an I Fletcher.
Deecmbor28—Silver Basin,  int., P. I.nuntry to
.1. K. Moor.
December -'—Hanover, % int., J. P...Kelly to
II   M. Cam ibell.
rigor, '.J lut, Jas. Fox tojr.o   Pagsley.
attic proporties and
.< year we may ox-
or more mines in
Grand Forks ship-
A NEW COMPANY.
Ezra Meeker of tlio Taeoiua Lo dger.
who was h 'fo on a visit some few weeks
a,'o, has. Unco his return to Tacoma,
bion instrumental in organizing the international Mining & Investment Com.
piny with a capitalization of $500,000,
t 16 shares lo be placed ou the market
at £1 oach.
Too c dot object of the company is to
buy and so.: mining interests and claims
in British Columbia.
It is incorporated uiidir tho laws of
the State of Washington and will bo
duly registered in this Province.
The company proposes to have throe
agencies in British Columbia: Ono in
Rossland ono iu Grand Forks and one
in Greenwood, There iw no doubt but
that this wili be a paying enterprise for
tho incorporator! as thoy are the first
outside company to take dealing in mineral claim? as their main object and be-
in.,' lirst in tho Held are sure of  succoss.
MOST   PLEASANT   AFFAIR.
A Dumber of the congregation and
friends of R.iv. Thos. P.iton were very
pleasantly entertained at the Manso
lust evening.
A delightful evening was passed with
music aud games and a daiuty suppor
was served by Mrs. Paton. Tho party
broke up at a late hour each guest feeling that he or had had a splendid  time.
RKLEASED AT LAST.
Mauriss O'Connor, son of Mrs
O'Connor, of this town and who was
among the early pro»pectori of thi -
country, has returned to the Forks,
aftor an absence of   some 18 monthB.
It will bo remembered that a few
months ago O'Connor got into a quarrel will) one Langtry, the result of
which e*us that O'Connor was arrested
od the (diarge ot manslaughter, ho having during the quarrel, inflicted a
dangerous wound on Langtry's head
with at. axo, in consequence of which
he was duly tried at Rossland and ac*
quitted by tho jury, his plea being non
i.'ompuB nicutos. he wti however entrusted ti the custody of tho warden
of the N«w Wentminst'.-r Insane Asylum
to be there held,  waiting  developments.
In tho meantime petitions had been
circulated, praying for his distniisa!
from t"8 asylum, and every moan.
available used in his behalf and it
was not until about 10 days ago that
O'Connor received the good news that
be was onco moro u free man.
Ho wits gre-itly rejoicsd to meot hm
aged mother, and invalid sister once
more and apparently appears none the
worse for wear after his experience.
HOTI0E OP APPLICATION E0B PRIVATE BILL.
TOWNSITE   OF    ORAND   FORKS
•MOIit.K 13 HEREBY GIVEN that application
Li   w.'U be made to the Logistlattve Assembly
.f th* Province of British Oolumbia for an Act
incorporating'the inhabitants of tlie towusite
f Grand 1 crln, In tne Osoyoos division of Ihe
listrictof Vale, as a municipality, to define the
i 111 Its of rial corporation, with such provisions
nf the general municipal acts now iu force in
he Provinco, and such other provisions as ina\
be applicable,or necessary or expedient; aui:
wit-b such further provision as will enable >■
tote to be taken, at tne timo fixed for the tirsl
e ection, lo determine whether the altalrs of the
I'orporatton shall, aubjeet to the provisions of
the Act of Incorporation, be managed by an ex-
-ciitive of tloee commissioners or by a mayor
and five aldermen.       FRANK HIGGINS,
Solicitor for Applicants,
CERTIFICATE   OF   THE   REGISTRATION  OF A
FOREIGN COMPANY.
-Companies' Aot," Part IV, and amending Acts.
"The Ke-nt-ih Gold and Copper Mining
Company" (Foreign.)
Registered the 25th day ol November, 1R96.
T HEREBY CERTIFY Hint I have thia day reg-
J. istert'i.1 "TheKeough <;oi'i aud Copper Mining
Company" (Foreign), under the ''Companies
Act." Purl i v., "Registration of Foreign Com
panleSi 'and amending Acts.
The head office of tlio said company li situat
il at the City of Suit Lake, tsute of Utah,
!J, S. A.
The objects for which tho Company Is established are:—To purchase, work, develop ami
manage the it-Bell lode mining claim, the
Upenlode mining claim, the Dclamar lode
mining claim and the Remington lode mining
claim, all situate in Yale Mining Distrlot, Brit-
hIi Columbia, and to acquire mines, mills,
reduction works nnd such proporty real and
liersonal aBinaybe suitable or convenient for
carrying on a general mining and milling business; ami lo operate, boy, Bell or exchange,
mines, mills, reduction works nnd all property
necessary or convenient to the business.
Tie capital stock of the nn id Company in two
ii und red thousand dollars, divided into two
hundred thousand shares of tho par value of
one dollar each,
Given under my hand and senl or office af
Victoria, Province of British Columba, this 25th
-lay of November, lyyG.
\L.k.\ S. y. WOOTTON,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
NOTICE OF APPLICATION P0R PRIVATE BILL.
RAND   FORKS   TOWNSITE   COMPANY,   LIMITED LIABILITY.
NOTTCK IH HERBBY GIVEN that application
will Ik- made to the Legistlattve Assembly
of the Proviuce of British Columbia at its next
nesBion for an Act to Incorporate the Grand
Pur lea Townsite Company, Limited Liability,
with power to appropriate, take, and une
rrom thoNorth Fork (if Kettle Kiver, nnd Manh
creek, at points above tho townsite of Grand
forks, Osoyoos Division of East Yale District .
t>:> much of the water as may be necessary for.
and to utilize tho water so diverted for, the fol-
i -wiiii; purposes, namely; of generating
electricity und of supplying the same within
the district hereinafter mentioned either for
electrio lighting, motive power, telegraph, telephone or other works; of Supplying water to
consumers as ft motive power for hauling, pumping, liRhUnj;. Btnelting, drilling, or for any
other purpose for which It may bo applied or
acquired: of supplying water fordomesuo, min
ing, manufacturing, and other purposes to the
miners, smelters, operators <>t tramways, and
inhabitants of the townsito of Grand Forks and
1 ' a strip uf territory not exceeding six miles Iu
width on either aide of the South Fork of Kettle
Itlverand nut exceeding in length twenty-five
mile* above ihe said townsite of Grand Fork
tdong tlie line of tho North Fork of Kettle Kiver ■'
mid with power to construct nnd maintain
buildings, erections, dams, ditches, flumes,
raceways, or other works necessary for carrying
out the above purposes, or any of them, or foi
improving or increasing the said waterprivl-
U ges, and with power to enter aud expropriate
mud for a «ite for power houses, and for dams,
ditches, raceways and reservoirs, and for carrying the electric enrrent underground or overhead and for such other works as may be
uecesaary and for tho bidding thereon of mills,
manufactories, or any erection for the purpose
of carrying on any industry; and With power to
erect, lay, construct and maintain buildings,
pipea, poles, wires, appliances or conveniences
necessary or proper for the generating and
transmitting of electricity and power; and with
power to oonstiuot, equip, operate and maintain tramways for tho punwae of catrylng
passengers or freight in the district above mentioned; und with power to maintain and
operate a telephone ayBtem In tho said distrlot;
and with power to do all auch things as ar« Incident or conducive to the attainment of the
above objects.
Dated at the City of Victoria thin 8th  day of
December, 1890. BUSTER & DUFF,
,, Agents for Fulton & Ward,
Solicitors for the applloanta.
G. B. Stocking,
EXPERT WATCHMAKER.^
Beet Mainspring in the World.
Fully Warranted.
Watoh Kepaiiing.it My Specialty.
...... All Work Warrant»d.
CORNBB KIYBBBIDK AVE. AND BRIDGB SIS. OBAUD FORKS, B. ,0
WILLIAM MADER
Wholesale nnd Retail
:BUTCHER:
All Kinds of Fresh MeatB at Live and Let Live Prices,
I ALSO HAVE SOME NIOE CORNED BEEF
AND ALL KINDS OF SAUSAGES.
Second Street Grand Forks, B. C.
" H.W. RUSSELL
pmmmW&Rowe and Carriage Painter,
sf Lm\lliO S an^ Kalsominer,
^mmm m%   glazing of all kinds
Orders Promptly Attended to.   Estimates Furnished on
All Kindslof Work. GEAflD FORKS, B. 0.
BUILDERS
Should carefully consider
the cost of material, and
by figuring, rind out that
all kinds of
Rough and Dressed Lumber
shingles, Lath, Etc.
can be purchased at the
Grand   Forks
5awmill
(JHEAPER THAN
ANYWHEEE ELSE.
FIREWOOD $1 PER LOAD.
C.  K, SIMPSON, Proprietor.
HEPWORTH & CO.
Druggists Etc.
A Pull Stock of Toilet Articles
Always on Hand. Also a Well
Assorted Supply of
STATIONERY
AND WALL PAPER.
SURGERY IN REAR
OF DRUG STORE	
JANLY'S NEWBLOCK.
QflAND FORKS- B. 0
The best wire spring in the world is
nade in Grand Forks. I also do all
•iinds of fine furniture and other
REPAIRING.
RUBBER   STAMPS,
uid SealB.   Agent for the best makes of
Sowing machines.    Also  the Hummer
liicycle.
J. W, JONES. GRAND FORKS, B. C
^%
COUNTY COURT NOTICE.
Notice in hereby --ivon that a sitting ol the
Count; Court of Yale will bo held
AT MIDWAY, ON MONDAY, MARCH 15, 1897;
AT  URAN1) FORKB, WK1) ., MAROII   17,  1807
Attho  hour of eleven o'clock In thrforonoon
respectively.
Hy command, W. G. McMYNN,
'ioTernment Oflice, Midway, B. C. I     D. R. C. 0.
Jan. «h, 18D7.
NOTICE.
TENDERS    WANTED.
Tenders will be rocdvod by the undersigned
until January the loth lfi97 for the consruction
of an irrigating ditch and flunio from Boundary
reek to Midway flat.
PlAns and Hpoolfloations can be seen at the
oflice of the Midway Company, Midway, B. 0.
and the office of C. K. Coiterton, Vernon, B. C.
The lowest or any tender not nocessarlly m*
cepted. A. K. 8TUABT,
Agent Midway Company, Ltd.
Midway, B. C, December B, 1896.
The time for receiving tenders is further extended until Jan. 81. 1SD7.
Jim . U, U97. ANGUS K. STUART.
All Roads Lead to Carson.
ED. DRISCOLL,
Dealer iu General
MERCHANDISE,
Carries a Complete Line of
Groceries,
Dry Goods,
Clothing,
Boots and Shoes,
Also a Full Line of
Earness, Saddles, Bits, Spurs,
Etc., Etc,
i^"REPA RING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO^l
THOMPSON'S
STAGE LINE,
-FROM—
Oarson to Curlew. San Poil
and Eureka CamDS.
Leaves Carson nnrl  Nelson on Tueseay and
Friday.    Returns Wednesday and   Saturday
(taking connection with Morrison's Stage Lino.
EDWARD THOMPSON, Proprietor.
WE HAVE
Lumber
OF ALL KINDS.
always on Hand.
For Prices and Terms o«U on or address,
MANLY   &  AVERILL
Grano. Forks, B, C.
E
TIIEL GERTRUDE DAHL,
Teacher of
VIOLIN, BANJO, MANDOLIN AND CUITAR.
Htudont from the College of Music of Cincinnati!, and pupil of the distinguishtfl Master aud
Violinist, Chas. Bacteus of tlie Brussels Franco*
Belgian School of the Violin.
OFFICE HOURS - Mondny, Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday and Saturday, 2 to 5 p. m.
MAIN ST. ■ ■ GRAND FORKS, B. C.
lWTRS. GID R. PROPPER,
DRESS MAKER,
GRAND FORKS, B. C.
4   r'
AND ALL KINDS OF.JOB WORK.
QRAND FORKS^ MINER.

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