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Fort George Herald Jan 9, 1915

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 *_==>
VOL. 5, NO. 19.
[The Farm-Lands
Improvement Association
1$)^    $m*vw % WW m*& %i
.^^JOUTHj^RT GEORGE. B. 0, SATURDAY. JANURARY 9th. MlT"
$3 PER ANNUM
New Organization has for its object the Securing of
Government Assistance in developing local
Agricultural Lands.
The most decided and impor-ldown to $2f.(_) per acre With
tant step that has been made | the price of ready-to-crop land
along the line of agricultural de-'" ' ^~
velopment in this district was
taken last Monday night when
over two hundred and fifty enthusiastic believers in the "Back-
to-the-Land" movement gathered together in the Princess The-
jtre, on Third Avenue, Prince
ceorge. and, with scarcely a
dissentient voice, gave their approval to the aims of the newly
organized Farm-lands Improvement Association of the Fort
George District.
The meeting was called to or-
er at 8:30 by Mr. C. E. Gaskill,
Cha
Fire Department Dance.
and
Mr.
a
man of the Committee. Mr.
Gaskill set forth in a very able
manner the ideas and plans of
the new organization and gave
a detailed talk upon the urgent
neecis of this district, its possi-
.ilities, potential wealth, and the
difficulties standing in the way
of immediate, successful
profitable development.
Gaskill has made a careful study
of local conditions, having been
resident of Central British
Columbia for many years. He
is one of the foremost leaders of
the new movement and the chief
formulator of the new plan of
development to be set before the
Provincial Government by the
new organization.
he chairman's opening
marks were to the effect that
the aim of the committee was
irimarily to try and organize the
farmers and business men of the
district into an association which
would devote its activity to the
' securi
thus lowered, we can hope to
compete with the other western
provinces.
A comparison was then drawn
between existing conditions relative to our meagre production
and comparatively large consumption and conditions as they
would be if the country were
producing the amount of farm
products that it is capable of
producing.
The next question raised by
the speaker was the matter of
the loans which it is proposed to
ask the Government for, These
loans should be made, said Mr.
Gaskill, for terms of five, ten,
fifteen and twenty years, all depending on the conditions met
with in the cases of different individuals, All such matters
would of course be under the
supervision of a Government
superintendent. If a man wished to clear ten acres of land
ready for crop, he would be able
to secure a loan of, say $250.00,
or more if the land were more
than ordinarily heavily timbered.
During the winter months, when
farm work would be slack, the
Government representative
would make a careful canvass of
the different districts, and in
Ithis way the amount needed!
re. | could be'determined in advance.
Lest the asking for such
large sum should be misunderstood, Mr. Gaskill has explained
that, in his opinion, not more
than $200,000 would be required
the first year; possibly $300,000'
ing of aid,  in the 'way of [the second year, and a half mil-
ity.
Do not forget the Fire Department
Dance.' to be given  by the ladies of
Soutli Fort (leorge, Friday evening,
January  15th, in the Fort George
Theatre.   The Fire Department
more that ever needs the assistance
| that the benefit seeks to confer. Besides ihis, the lown needs the mid-
| winter sociability these dances pro-
I mote.   No dances   are   ever  like
those given in Soutli Fort George.
There will be refreshments server!
free at midnight, with a punch bowl
to drink from all evening,   P,esides
the cost of the tickets at only 50c
each, you will only have to pay for
the punch you drink — but drink
often, it wont  hurt you.    All the
proceeds go to the   Fire Fund.    Be-
j fore he was hurriedly called to New
York on business in December, Mr-.
Mel. Brown advised (hat the Theatre
j would be donated to the department
I for these dances and suggested that
! several lie given so that there will be
no expense for hall.   The refreshments will almost entirely be donated and the music  will  be jiaid for
out of (be  fund.    Actual cost of a
j few necessities should make the returns very satisfactory to the Fire
i Fund, and above all  else it will not
(tax anyone unduly while' the enjoyment given and received at nominal
expense will he the means of bringing our people together in  what  is
one of the most eventful occasions
of the winter season.   Friends and
well-wishers from all the towns are
invited  to  enjoy  the evening with
South's people.
Tn adequately give credit in those
who assist in making the Department the
what it is, would take in alarge percentage of our people. Money is not
the only commodity needed orgiven.
There are a number of our residents
who are constantly working and giving time to this service and protec-
a.tion.   Not all can work, not all can
Many of tbe newcomers to this
district had the pleasure of sampling the spirit of true western hoj^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
pitality on Saturday evening last,. On Sunday morning about four
when a surprise party, arranged by ioclock, night-watchman Mc-
Mr. McElroy and consisting of about; Gaughey discovered the Empress
95 residents of Soutli Fort George, j Hotel, corner of Hamilton Street
South Fort George Again
Ravaged by Fire
left land   Fourth Ave., on fire and
quickly summoned the Fire De-
'partment with the alarm from
I the Fire Hall bell.    The Depart-
closely packed in three sleighs
at 0:30 p.m. on a visit to Miller
pre-emption  located  on   the  Mud
River,   15 iniles out,   where they
arrived about 10 p.m.   Unfortunately the  host,   better known   as
Slim  Miller,   unaware of the fact
that   he wu
gone   on
neighbors   ^^^
However, a couple set out to bring I nited,    the    flames   spreading
him home, while tho.-e remaining through the building with great
arranged  his house,   ready for the rapidity,   lt was early seen that
full swing | nothing could be done to save it,
the lire with that mystery which
seems to indicate} that some one
is working the three towns periodically.
Chief of Police Dunwoody on
representation of a committee of
citizens has, however, put on an
all-night policeman to work in
ment were quickly on the scene, j connection with watchman Mc
but the fire had secured such
headway as to make the saving
was giving a dance, had \ of the hotel impossible.
a  visit to an adjoining j    It  seemed  as   if  the  entire
when the guests arrived, structure had been quickly ig-
cianci
when
a
lllll
Ins
which
51 iin nrri
welcoini
s  he-
were
sol. is
was   in
'■'I home, givin.
j Al   intervals
i tween the dancing  recitation
'given by   Mrs. Harry Wilson
by Mrs.   Foster, while' a  quartette
hy Mrs. Md.aughin, Messrs Thorn,
Walker ancl Hancock  was  we'll received.     Music   was  provided  hy
Billy Fraser's orchestra, (accordi-
an),  and Captain Foster acted as
Master  of  Ceremonies during the
dancing in such a callable maimer
that it was rumored   he was  abuul
to quit tbe river and open a dancing
academy  in  South.    Refreshments
were served about   midnight,  after
which dancing was  resumed  until
about 2 a.m., when, after thanking
Mr. Miller for the hospitable manlier in which   he  had   received all,
return   journey   was   started,
arriving back safely in Soutli Fort
George at about 7 a.m. after having
spent a thoroughly enjoyable time.
II. \V.
and Fire Chief Campbell directed
that all efforts be given to surrounding buildings. In this (hey
were successful, only slight damage being sustained by buildings
Gaughey, and it is hoped they
will succeed in so covering thc
town that no one can stir without their knowing it and keep an
eye on all suspects,
Very valuable assistance was
rendered at this as well as at
previous fires by Harry Coutts of
the City Garage, Billy Cody, who
was badly burned, as was Doc
Layne, (leo, Ackers and several
other auto drivers, in speeding
ladders, blankets etc. to the fire,
working  the  chemicals,   extin-
give, but all can do something, and
to save our homes and property is
saving and building our town.
Therefore let this be the biggest mvi
best dance yet,
Mr. Niehol of the (late) Empress
Hotel, is seriously ill at the bouse
of Mrs. Cowie, as a result of injury
sustained at the Hotel tire last
Sunday morning.
loans, from the British Columbia
Government, to enable the settlers of the neighborhood, and
also intending settlers; to go
ahead with the clearing and
nopping of their lands.
Continuing, Mr. Gaskill said:
have had this matter up with
lion the third year. By that
time development would be so
rapid that it would probably require a million a year for[four
years to meet the demand. That
! would mean spreading the allow-
I ance of $5,000,000 over a period
of seven years.
Latest War Despatches.
Rome, Jan. 8th.—Italy has fixed time limit in which
Turkey must apologize formally for Hodeida incident and
salute the Italian flag or suffer consequences. The Italian
Government will not be satisfied unless reparations include
  , the release of the British Consul who was seized in Italian
the Department at Victoria for     Land1-development o ffices: Consu]ate punishment of violence on consulate, and mili-
severa months   nnd fmm what: would be established in the dif- , *T,  ,.     _        m   ,      t ., -.
.miai months, and trom wtiatiferent ge(,tion8i and these of, tary salute of Italian flag.   Turkey has untilJanuary 10th
course would be under the con- i to reply. After that date Italo-Turkish relations will be
trol of capable government offici- of the utmost delicacy.
als. The work of actual clearing Athens, Jan. 8.-Greek cruiser Hello arrived at Durasso
etc. would be placed in the hands; A]bania for the purpose of protecting Greeks there, in case
of thoroughly experienced local j h    ](J      fc      fche t
rs —men who understand ;'   n °,     ._ I.„J._^T„„  0i.u     m._
on Hamilton Street; but it was| guishers, water supplies etc. and
with great difficulty and almost
a miracle that the fine new building of the Royal Bank was saved, and not until after several of
the firemen had sustained painful and dangerous burns, the
men having to be covered with
donating their automobiles and
time to the service without expense.
The total insurance in force on
the Empress was $15,000, A.J.S.
Willson in the North Umpire Co.
carrying  the    largest   amount,
wetblankets to get near enough, $(i(m    $6[i00 had been dividef,
to fight the heat and flames
Several times it seemed as if the
firemen would be overcome and
forced to let the building go,- but
sticking to it, they saved the
structure. Every window was
broken with the heat, and the
sides badly scorched. Damage
was also done to the interior of
the building by heat and chemicals through the broken window
openings.
This fire brought out the value
of the new chemical engine
truck, assistant Fire Chief Layne
driving the machine to the scene
in but a minute or two, whereas
under the old way of wailing for
among several companies by Gordon Bain, and Wesley & Wiggins
had placed the balance, $2500.
The North Empire has since
wired, cancelling all their insurance in South Fort George;
but none of the other Companies
I have done so, and we are advised that none of the Companies
represented by Wesley & Wig-
| gins will cancel.
One Company represented by
I Mr.   Bain   has   cancelled   some
| policies in Prince   George; but
they were quickly taken by other
Companies.
It has been suggested that it
can gather they are willing and
anxious to help us, and are only
seeking some feasible plan. I
have asked the Department for
?5.noo,00() to develop the farmlands of the district, and in making this calculation I think I am
conservative,
"The Fort George District contains about one-sixth of the undeveloped farm - lands of the
Province, close to transportation.
hi a territory 125 miles by 150
miles there arc upwardsof 9,000,-
111111 acres of land, and alarge
percentage of this can be culti-
vated. I believe we have 4,000,-
"'i'l acres of good land between
this point and Quesnel on the
south, and Fort Fraser on the
west - tributary to the new
Grand Trunk Pacific and Pacific
,;I'eat Eastern Railways."
The speaker then pointed out
that owing to the difficulties encountered in the clearing of land
in this country, many settlers
turned back from this section
and purchased land in other
provinces, at prices ranging from
Uiirty-five to forty dollars per
acre. New machinery has been
placed on the market that is
revolutionizing land-clearing, and
with the assistance of the new
caterpillar stumping machines
land can now be cleared for a
comparatively small sum. However, these machines cost considerable money and can not be
purchased by the average settler.
With Government assistance
these machines can be placed at
the disposal of the farmers and
the cost of clearing can be cut
men to arrive to haul the two, might be a wise policy on the
wheeled chemical much time ;Part of the Insurance Companies
would have been lost. to rebuild some of the structures,
The Empress Hotel was con- for their own protection as well
sidered one of the best built as that of the three towns. It
structures in town. There were would make the holders of in-
but a half dozen people in the surance more careful in the pro-
building at the time of the fire, j tection  of  their property
and remembering the recent des-
tection
would
and
ikewise have a tendency
fa rmer	
conditions in their district,
and |
Berlin via London, Jan, Sth.—The German army author-
who have a good' knowledge" of I ities have issued a general order prohibiting in future troops
soils, suitable crops for certain j in the field from fraternizing with forces of enemy as they
lands, and other matters of like | ^id at several points in the western theatre of war at
Christmas.
Berlin, Jan. 8th.-Preparations are being made for a
resumption of the offensive campagn against Servia, says
Norddeutache Allgomeine Neitung. Austrian army corps
on Danube have been reformed and reinforced.
ihb utwu   Copehagen.-Special despatch from Constantinople says
iX loan "in "such a remarkably j former German cruiser Goeben which flies the Turkish flag
short time is ample proof of j struck two Russian mines in neighborhood of Bosphorous
this.   We can get the money; I an^ was seriously damaged.  She has two big holes on her
that is   not   the   difficult   pai'f at;        ,,•___     ,•*.   „.;il    fnl/a turn ni> tlii-oa mrmthe tn ronaiv
truction of the Robarts, West to reduce the risk of the entire
Rooms  and Gore &   McGregor town.
buildings, with the bold attempt: At the same time, Insurance
while that fire was in progress Companies, after carrying into set fire to the Nahrwald build-, surance at high rates, exorbitant
ing, coupled with the early hour and onerous to the people, can
and the fact that nearly a hun- hardly in good faith withdraw
dred of the South Fort George' now that they are called upon to
residents were away from the pay a few thousand in insur-
city with a number of the De- ance, the very protection they
pat .ments  firemen,    surrounds have been paid to carry.
importance.
In closing his address Mr.
Gaskill said: ".i.oney is not
scarce, There is more idle money in the world today than there
has been for twenty-five years.
rhe oversubscription of the Brit
all, There are millions of dollars available for land development. All we need to do is to
get the Government to go our
security and we can get the
money."
Mr. Shearer was the next
speaker, and he expressed himself as being heartily in accord
with the plan outlined by Mr,
Gaskill. He pointed out the regrettable truth  that the main
• -s   •-.. ii.;_   J!_,i
waterline and it will take two or three months to repair
her.
The Ford Co. Expands in Canada' Bakers decide not to raise price of Bread
the movement. Other speakers
following him were Messers May,
Gething, John Mclnnis, George
MacDowell, Bernitz, Dodd and
Carnev. These men were unanimous in their belief that some
assistance must be secured from
the Government if any appreciable progress is to be made in
trouble in the past in this dist-1 the development of this district
rict   where development  work | -especially the rural sections.
_   ,„». tn o-et the     tu_ ,.„m0i.v _ nf Mr. MacDow
was concerned, was to gee me,
people to pull together, and now
that such a creditable undertaking was in hand, it behooved all
to work in unison.
Judge Wilson was called upon
for his opinion on tho subject in
question and expressed himself
as very much in sympathy with
The remarks of Mr. MacDo
ell, himself a progressive farmer
from the Upper Fraser District,
were very much to the point.
His experiences and grievances
have  been  shared
many settlers in the surrounding:
sections of the district, and he
told, very pointedly, of some of
the most pressing needs of the
settlers. Mr. MacDowell is located on the Fraser River, a few
miles above the mouth of the
North Fork of the Fraser, and a
short distance from Hansard,
His famous "Celery Flats" has
probably produced more garden
produce per year per acre than
any other piece of land in the
entire Fort (leorge Country. He
stated that in the country between here and McBride he knew
of one hundred settlers who had
taken up land. While talking to
a Mr. MacDougall one day on
by a greatj the train, en route to Prince
George, they discussed the question of the population which
(continued on last page)
Canada is likely to boast of the
largest automobile manufactory
in the British Empire for consid-1 whu
erable time to come, now that
the handsome $300,000 addition
to the plant of the Ford Motor
Company of Canada, Limited, at
Ford, Ontario, is rapidly nearing
completion. When the new six-
story structure is opened early in
the spring, the motor plant that
is already the largest under
Britain's flag will be still larger
by nearly a half.
doing ahead with an expansion
policy of this magnitude at the
present time is only a tangible
demonstration of the Ford company's confidence in Canada's
future, and the underlying stability of her industries.
PARLIAMENT AT OTTAWA
MEETS ON FEBRUARY 4TH.
Ottawa.—Tho date of the opening
parliament was confirmed by
cabinet council, for Thursday, February Ith next. The Government
expects a short session mostly devoted to legislation relating to the
war. The proclamation calling parliament together will bo issued at
once.
A meeting of the Bakers of Bread
wa. belli this week Tuesday, at
i it was decided that the price
would imi be raised in the Fori
George Districl, kit would remain
at the nlil figures uf 12 loaves for
81.00 retail and lo loaves for 81.00
wholesale'.
This is coininendntory on the
part of the local bakers, as word
was received from Edmonton thai
lhe price there has heen raised, so
that the price here is easily a hardship on (he bakers, as they have lu
pay lhe higher freight rates on
their supplies between Edmonton
and this distriet as well as the advance price in the cost of flour etc.
But, as .Mr. Tiemeyer advised a
representative of the Herald, the
bakers fell that iii the present unsettled condition of business caused
by the war, il would bo a hardship
ou the public already carrying their
share of war burdens, and the Inkers would do their pari in helping
along al the same old price.
Uev. 1'.. T. Pilkey of For
will occupy the pulpit at t
bytcrian church tomorrow
t George
he Pros-
evening.
Man fight with their lists and lose.
Women light with their tears and win. A Wi-'-ki v Journal of Local General News, Published
Every Saturday Morning at its Printing
Office in South Fort George.
SUBSCRIPTION  RATES
Price   One Year in Advance   -   -   - $3 00
Six Months in Advance    -   - 1.75
"      Three Months in Advance    - 1.00
Te) The United States -   -   - 8.60
No paper stopped until all arrearage!* are paid except at
the option of llu' publishers.
RATES  OF  ADVERTISING
Twelve cents per line for the first insertion, and eight
cents | ior line for each subsequent insertion.
For Sale, Lost and Funnel Ads. minimum charge .10 cents
per insertion, limited to one inch. Other rates furnished on
application.
NORTHERN  INTERIOR PRINTING COMPANY,  LTD.,
Publishers and Proprietors,
South Fort George, ll. C.
Canada.'s strength lies in her
great natural resources. For the
next few years her produce must
command high prices, and, as
there will inevitably be a great
demand for them, her exports
must increase largely. Strenuous efforts are being made
throughout the Dominion to encourage  the  production  of all
"What'11 those Russians be up
to next, I wonder," said one
woman to another the other day.
That suggests a degree of ignorance which sounds incredible
to well-informed people like you
and me. It happens to be a true
incident and could be matched in
some high social circles. I met
a middle-class man in [the train
in the early weeks of the war
commodities ior which a special I   h(J wag distinet|y hazy on the
| demand may be expected.   Thus jtorious subject 0f Allies.
I farmers throughout the country'
Allies are friends,  not a German  regiment,   nor  a strange
AT VHP AY.  ,1 AN L'ARY,   Hth,
'.»1 5
Governmenl Aid For Agricultural Development.
iare being urged to increase their
I acreage under crop and the num- ^           {mm ^ ,and which
| ber of stock upon their farms. nouri8he(,      u    Sally, of the
A  number of industries - as, Russians are not Prus-
for instance,   the pulp, paper, BianB; but they are in our alley,
The progress of
creased impetus at
shoes and clothing industries —
iare working to capacity.
The fact that the operations of
local land-development received in-1 certain companies have proved
the meeting held this week in the i unsatisfactory does not   mean
at all necessarily that the assets
' which they were formed to han-
is to be hoped that the warring factions of the past are now
extinct, and that the people of the Georges and the surrounding country, will pull together as a unit, in this, the
most vital issue that faces the local populace.
As pointed out in recent issues of the Herald, millions
of dollars have been uselessly expended in futile efforts to
place a magic city, cf mushroom growth, upon the map of
Central British Columbia, in the face of the immutable
laws of urban progress, which demand, that to insure the
future of a city, the development of the surrounding country must keep pace.
Various schemes for the development of the virgin
lands of the province have been presented to the Provincial
Government, and many more will in all probability be
placed before them. Undoubtedly the legislators are
anxious to do all in their power to improve conditions in
general, but are slow in accepting innovations, however
feasible they might turn out to be. It is time for some
definite step to be taken, soma movement started that will
have for its object the bringing under cultivation the
vast areas of choice agricultural land throughout the
province.
Many schemes for industrial and rural development
are put forth that are only feasible when their ideas are
applied to certain sections, and are not at all suitable in a
general way. Certain parts of the Fort George district
require very little work to place the lands under cultivation,
and the average energetic settler would prefer to handle
Princess Theatre, Prince George, for the purpose of organizing the farmers and business men of the district into a I Jjj are not vaIuab]ei Foi. ins.j
a mutual benefit association, to be called "The Farm-lands jtance, although several Canadian
Improvement Association of the Fort George District." | land companies have got into
This is decidedly a step in the right direction, and it,serious difficulties, we still see
American farmers, who are
amongst the shrewdest and
hardest-headed people in the;
world, buying agricultural land
in Western Canada at just as
high prices as before. It is
stated that during September
the Natural Resources Department of the C.P.R. sold some
15,000 acres of agricultural land
in Alberta to 65 purchasers, most
of the purchasers being American farmers, and heads of families. The average acreage per
purchaser (230 acres) is of interest as giving some indication
of the substantial nature of the
farming operations contemplated. Showing that this is not an
isolated case, it was recently
authentically stated that 54
homesteads had been taken up in
the Prince Albert District during
the week ended October 10—
representing no less than 8,640
acres in one district.
tAKNS
FOR   INFORMATION   REGARDING   THE   BEST
AGRICULTURAL   LANDS   IN  THE
DISTRICT,   CALL   ON
OR WRITE
North Coast Land Co., Ltd.,
Phone IS.        PRINCE GEORGE. R. C.
L. It. WALKER, General A sent.
Very much so, as you will see if
you wait for the chorus.
Nevertheless it may be owned
that if we were choosing names
for these nations now we should
choose them differently. Russia
is not quite the same thing as
Prussia without the P. But if
you had not had much time to
read the newspapers, and had
acquired an idea some years ago
—in company with many highly
distinguished people — that Russia was in some vague way to be
feared by true-blue Britons, you
might be excused for thinking
that a letter more or less was
not of much consequence.
When peace terms come to be
discussed, we may be able to
remedy some of these perplexities. The Czar's magnificent
armies are teaching geography
in an altogether new sense to the
retreating Germans. If the lesson continues as it has begun it
will end naturally in writing
Prussia without a P across a
wide stretch of country now included in the (lerman Empire.
Such a peace Made in Germany
would be more satisfactory than
the usual products of the Fatherland,
J. W. SANDIFORD,
Undertaker and Funeral Director.
Caskets, Funeral Supplies, & Shipping Cases always on hand.
Out-of-town calls promptly attended to.
Phone 23 Fort George.
Prince George and Fort George.
e-
'-\
MINUTE DETAILS.
A young man who needed fake teeth
In the course Of a few years of. s.rote t0 a dentiat ordering a set aa
steady, if quiet, progress, real; follows:
estate values will   possibly again     My mouth ia three inches  acrost,
catch   up  to the   highest price Hve-clghu inches threw the jaw. Some
levels we have seen.   Past ex- j >~cky <°n 'he ede°-  Shepedlikea
' „     hoss-shew, toe forward.   If you want
penence proves justification forme t0 be more) j ahal, have t0 come
such a belief.  Much of the prop-1 thar.
erty, for instance, over which so I	
AMERICAN PLAN
EXCELLENT CUISINE
Pigs is Pigs.
and is worth much more than
his own proposition without assistance. Other parts of the
district are so heavily timbered that for the individual to imuch money was lost in the
attempt to clear and break the land, he would need to havelearly b?om,'. Winnipeg is now
i        •, ,       i        I,, •     • i.i-      covered with important business
ample cip.tal, and would be engaging in an undertaking blockg> or streets of residenceSi
that would not, and could not, return him a profit on his
investment for a great many years to come.
The propounding and placing in operation of some™ .   : Paris despatch, they have caused
feasible plan for the assisting ot agricultural progress is a! lhe P°lnt» that ^ith her im-:g tra , a,go Qne . wag.. e
matter that can only be handled by able legislators-menK|^! ^,^|««« of * batt'e in which 30
who have a thorough knowledge of general conditions and i a^ual^money^into ttie couiftrTiGermans were killed' and anoth
Even pigs figure sometimes in
the news from the front and, as
., ,. .   ., .   imight be expected, in somewhat
the prices which then were in-, e .   , ,. ,,     „ .
a .   , of a comical light.    But, says a
who have the welfare of the country at heart
This section of British Columbia is undoubtedly one of
the richest undeveloped parts of the province. The revenue
derived from this district by the government, through the
sale of agricultural and timber lands, has been very large.
However, to any one conversant with local affairs, it has
been plainly evident that up to the present we have not
received even a small part of the Goverment assistance to
which we have been entitled. Railroad building has progressed rapidly ; road-building throughout other parts of
the Province has received a great deal of attention, and it
is a regrettable fact that in parts of this Province there are
to be found excellent automobile roads, without a single
settler for miles to make use of them, while in some parts
of this district pre-emptors and other settlers are being
forced to abandon their holdings because there is no road,
and in many cases not even a respectable trail. Everything cannot be done at once, of course, but the above cited
instance of neglect only proves that something is wrong,
and that something should, and must, be clone to enable
people to gain a foot-hold upon the fine lands of this and
other parts of British Columbia.
The HERALD is strongly in sympathy with the policy.
of development proposed at the meeting of this week, andlH1 e,ceilte'llu''v "f Pfce l"'tm'",il('
feels that in order to obtain satisfactory results it is abso- m!|f Lhif! i"1,i,.(i'v'lt Britain
.        ,.        , .     ■' made public a manifesto exprc
lutely necessary that all work together, and the combined regret that since the city of Ghent
efforts of all concerned cannot but result in great good for | (where the treaty of peace was sign
Canada, though perhaps not i o
rich on paper as she was a little
while ago, will soon be in an infinitely sounder condition than
she has ever been. In any survey of Canadian conditions it
must not be overlooked that
there is much more real money
in Canada now than there has
ever been before. It is our opinion that at the conclusion of the
war an era of great development
and prosperity should again set
in for Canada. It would be a
very great pity if that should be
impeded by any doubt or uncertainty on the part of people in
Great Britain as to the basic
soundness of the Dominion.
Peace Celebration
Must be Postponed.
London.-The Brstish committee
concerned with the celebration of
the entire community.
WHAT'S THE USE!
Weep unci you're culled ii baby,
Laugh nod you're called a fuol;
Yield and you're called a coward,
Stand and you're called a mule;
Smile and they'll call you Hilly,
Frown and they'll call you gruff;
Put on an air lilie millionaire—
ind some guy call:) yout' bluff I
ed), is occupied by the Germans, it
WlPE-Oh, hubby, 1 bought a waist
for a dollar ninety-nine and I gave the
clerk a two-dollar bill. I just noticed
Ihut she gave mc two cents change-
Oh dear. Oh dear, am I guilty of theft?
HuBBY-Calm yourself, dour, calm
yo uself, you are iu-a cent,
will lie necessary to postpone tho
1 celebration until the European war
has ended. The manifesto expresses
llie hope that (lie unarmed frontier
between the United States and Canada may long continue as an example to the world, of the safe defence of mutual reaped and trust in
lhe affairs of nations.
er was made to pose as a corpse
to save him from the enemy.
In Ban-de-Sapt, north of Saint
Die, both French and Germans
from their trenches spied out a
fine fat porker in a pen, just between the two lines. Both formed parties to go out and capture
the porcine delicacy, but the
French reached there first. They
fastened a rope about the animal's hind legs and dragged him
back to their trenches with the
Hermans close behind.
So heated did the controversy
over the pig become that it finally developed into a night battle
in which the Germans were
beaten, losing, besides 30 dead,
a number of wounded.
The other pig had just been
killed by a farmer in Flanders
when it was reported that the
Germans, always eager for such
tidbits as fresh pork, were near
at hand. Determined to save
his property, the quick-witted
Belgian took the carcass to his
room, tucked it in his bed, placed
'"f candles over the sheeted form
and was praying fervently when
a German soldier entered the
room. The soldier tiptoed out
when he discovered that he had
come upon a chamber of death.
Never let nerves and musles become
tense.
It causes the muscles to relax and
dulls the spirit.
Vou will enjoy each better for having
had the enjoyment of the other.
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George, B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates $2.50 and $3
Monthly and weekly ratei on application
Beat of winei,
l.iejtiort and clg»r_
Albert Johnson, prop.
V
Just Stop and Think
of the risk and inconvenience of burning coal oil.
Why not be up-to-date? Have your house wired,
it costs but a trifle more. Rates on application at
our office - Rooms 7 & 8, Post Building, George
Street, and at the plant, South Fort George. We
have a stock of lamps, shades, fixtures, irons, and
handle all utility devices.
Northern Telephone & Power Co., Ltd.
Electric Light Service and Power Furnished.
House Wiring and Electrical Fixtures of all kinds.
Phono 19- Four Rings, South Fort George.
Phone 10, Prince George.
TAXIDERMIST.
Nine years experience in Taxidermy work in all its branches.
I never stuff specimens-1 mount them on casts from the
natural body.   All my mounts are moth-proof.   I guarantee
satisfaction.   I will buy your furs.
W. D. WA ND III., 3rd Avenue, Prince George, B. C.
Fort George Hardware Co.
Sheet Metal.   Furnaces a Specialty.
Plumbing, Steam and Hot Water
Heating.
GENERAL   REPAIRING.
PhnilAG   No- * SOUTH  FOHT  OEOROE.
ruuiica no, is prince oeorge.
Contractors & Builders
NO BUILDING IS TOO LARGE OR TOO SMALL TO
RECIEVE OUR CAREFUL ATTENTION
Get Our Eeetimaloee Free of Charge
Job Work Neatly and Promptly Executed
Phone 26
SOUTH FORT GEORGE
OFFICE
SHOP
SECOND STREET
THIRD STREET
PRINCE GEORGE
OFFICE AND SHOP:
THIRD AVENUE EAST The birth of Wisconsin's first
eugenic baby, the child of parents who before marriage passed
the required medical examination, is an event of considerable
social interest.
This fortunate youngster begins life under the happiest auspices. The gods and the fates
0f old used to preside at the
birth of elect children; but this
infant comes into the world with
the seal of a great American
State upon him and duly certificated as a baby of babies. Can
a child thus blessed possibly ever
fall sick? Can he suffer from
anv of the thousand ills ordinary infancy is heir to?
It is to be hoped that in the
fitness of things no plain, everyday baby born of uncertified
parents will surpass him in
life's race. Yet the crop of eugenic babies is bound in the circumstances to remain small for
a long time to come. It may
perhaps provide the world with
its supermen, but for the men to
do its days' work there must
still be a reliance on the human
material supplied by the common-garden variety of baby.
II Ml •
ineNnfmenhJ?fthem0Strm"0f Wai' "W the «*1 ^
ment men ot Germany,  distin- - ■
guished in various branches of
science,    art,    education
WORLD LESSON
distin- nificance of the confession of its [Chairman and Secretary of Can-
imperial chancellor'  'The wrone     adlan Centenary Association
6;       Issue Address-Reason
for Thankfulness.
litPratM^   i,__ .1     .andithat we are committing.'   The
hterature, have recently circa-;wreck and ruin of a country
lated broadcast throughout A-j that has done you no injury the
menca a letter entitled "An ! slaughter of h r sons theexpul-
Appeal to he Civilized World," sion of her king and gSSn-
in which they attempt to change. ment, the blackmail of her sub-
public opinion in the United | stance,
States on the subject of the war.
Mr.   Church,   president  of the
THE  CHURCHES
Church of England
Holy Communion 1st and 3rd j others are subsidiary
Carnegie institute at Pittsburg,
and author of "The Life of Oliver Cromwell," has made reply
to the German appeal, which is
addressed to Dr. Fritz Schaper,
of Berlin.   He says;
»."It gives me a feeling of pity
to note the importunity with
which the people of Germany are
seeking the good opinion of A-
merica in this strife. It is greatly to their credit that they wish
to stand right in the judgment
of this nation. But Germany
need have no fear that American
public opinion will be perverted
by the lies and calumnies of her
enemies, We are all going deeper than the surface of our search
for the truth.
"Your letter speaks of Germany as being in a struggle
'which has been forced upon us.'
That is the whole question; all
If this
Sundays at 8 a. m.
Every Sunday at 11 a.m. Holy
Communion Sung with sermon.
Morning prayer at 10:45.
Evening prayer and sermon
7:30.
Presbyterian  Church
Kov. A. C. Justice,     pastor,
Services :     11 a. m. and    7.30
p, m. Gospel servico.
11 a. m.-The Minister.
7.30 p. m.-The Minister.
Sunday School 2 p. m.
A. C. Justice, Minister.
They were talking of the war.
"What an age we are living in, to
be sure I" said one.
"I'es," replied the other, "it is the
German sauce age."
HARRY M. BURNETT
Architect and Civil Engineer
Temporary Office :
Corner Vancouver and Eighth Streets,
PRINCE GEORGE, B. C.
J. F.   CAMPBELL
CIVIL ENGINEER
British  Colombia  Land   Surveyor
I.nnel Asrent       Timber Cruiser
Representing GOliE 4 McGKEGOR, Limited
Me^rogor Bulleliiii. Thin! Street, SOUTH
FORT GEORGE, B. C.
I ort George, B.C. Victoria, B.C.
I. V. Iiiu _een. Metr. R C. Green, Mrr.
Nelson. B.C.. A. H. Green. Mgr.
Creen Bros., Burden & Co.
Civil Engineeri, Dominion it B. C. Land Surveyor.
Surveys of Lanels. Mines. Townsites. Timber
Limits, Etc.
struggle was forced upon tier-
many, then, indeed, she stands
in a position of mighty dignity
and honor, and the whole world
should acclaim her and succor
her, to the utter confusion and
punishment of the foes who have
(attacked her, But if this outrageous war was not forced upon
her, would it not follow in the
course of reason that her position is without dignity and honor, and that it is her foes who
should be acclaimed and supported to the extreme limit of human
sympathy?
"I believe, dear Dr. Schaper,
that the judgment on this paramount question has been formed.
That judgment is not based upon
the lies and calumnies of the enemies of Germany, nor upon the
careless publications contained in
the newspapers, but upon a profound study of the official correspondence in the case, What do
the official documents prove?"
After reviewing the evidence
Mr. Church concludes:
"Who began it? Was it England? Scarcely so, for England,
in so far as her army is concerned, had yielded to the popular
plea for arbitration; she was not
ready for war and will not be for
another six months. Was it
France? Was it Russia? Not
one of the 93 distinguished men
who have sent me this letter, if
they will read the evidence, will
say so.   It was Austria, who by
the destruction of her
cities and their happy homes,
their beautiful monuments of
historic times, and the priceless
works of human genius! 'The
wrong that we are committing.'
Worst of all, when the desparate
and maddened populace, seeing
their sons slain and their homes
in flames, fired from their windows in the last instinct of nature, your troops, with barbaric
ferocity, put them to the sword
without distinction of age or sex!
The wrong! Oh, Doctor Schaper,
if these conditions should ever
be reversed and these foreign
soldiers should march through
the streets of Berlin, would not
you, would not all of my 93 correspondents, if they saw their
homes battered in ruins and their
Ottawa.—The people of Canada
are asked to celebrate with devout
thankfulness the celebration of the
100 years of peace hetween tbe Unit
rd States and Great Britain in an
appeal issued last week by Mr.
Edmund Walker, president of the
Canadian Peace Centenary Association, and C. F. Hamilton, honorary
secretary.
"We address this appeal," their
statement reads in part, " to your
memory of the history of our continent in a solemn and moving time.
No such happy fortune has befallen
thn continent of Europe.
"But while the battle clouds
hang low, while our gaze is riveted
on scenes of Buffering, we must not
forget that North America presents
a spectacle which is at unci' a contrast and a promise. We invite the
gratitude of thc Canadian nation for
the merciful dispensation of Providence which   has   bestowed  peace
^^^^^^ upon our land.    For one  hundred
sons dead in the streets, would years the sword has heen sheathed
they, too, not fire from their upon tlio border between Canada and
windows upon the merciless in- the United States. Two peoples,
vaders? I am sure I would do so! energetic, active, anxious to make
"Your reference to German the most of their possessions, have
militarism brings up in my mind dwelt side by side and have avoided
the conviction that tbis war be- armed strife Occasions of difference
gan potentially 25 years ajijo have arisen; conflicts of interest
when Emperor William II. as-j|,aVe disturbed their harmony, but
cended the throne, declared hitn: always the voice of calm reason has
self supreme war lord and pro- been heard and the disputes have
ceeded to prepare his nation for been adjusted.
war. His own children were "Firmly as we British people have
raised from their babyhood to|grasped the sword, resolute as we
consider themselves soldiers and are not to sheathe it except with
to look forward to a destiny of honor and with a new security, we
slaughter; and here in America are convinced that the dealings of
we know even his daughter only the great Empire and the great Re-
by her photograph in a colonel's I public afford a noble example to the
uniform. And as with his own rest of the world, They remain as
children, so all the youth of Ms | our ideal international relations, and
empire were brought up.
Going  far away  from
your
coming as the centenary does at a so
troubled  and   absorbing time,  we
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DAYTON, OHIO, ... S. A.
her unreasonable and inexorable! do nothing but execrate the con-
attack on Servia began the war,! duct of your emperor,  who has
great philosopher Kant, who in j urge the Canadian people to celebrate
his Categorical Imperative has it with devout thankfulness and a?
taught us all a new golden rule, a pledge of happier times to come."
—the national spirit of Germany '.	
— on the undisguised bloodthirst; I'll Show'eiJl, Durn'cm.
of General von Bernhardi, on thei 	
wicked war dreams of Tretschke, Pve 8topped the 1)ape].  ycs , liavC)
and on the weak morality of von: i didn»t like t0 do it]
Bulow: and we behold in every j Bu, tlu, editor he got t00 ,,.,,,,.,_
scrap of evidence that we can And I allow he'll rue it.
gather from your emperor, Us U am a man who pays Ids del its,
children, his soldiers, his states-jAnd will not be -msa- -
men,   and  his professors   that
Germany held herself a nation
apart from the rest of the world !
and superior to it, and predestin
ed to maintain that superiority I But „,he*n it corae to dunnin' me
by war.   In contrast to this nar-1, didn>t think ,_, W0llM si,
row  and  destructive  spirit  of But tlmt he did, and you can bet
nationalism we in America have 11( made me hot ,w tiiunder.
learned the value of humanityU sayS) «v]] stop thftt 8heet) , wil
above the race, so that we cher- {If the dum tMng g0es under."
ish all mankind in the bosom of h hunted np t|lt, edilm,
our country.    Therefore we can | And fer his cunnin' caper
I paid him 'leven years—and quit
Yes, Sir, I stopped the paper.
So when the editor gets smart,
f want to be consulted.
I took the paper 'leven years
And helped him all I could, Sir,
supported at every step by tier-
many,  who,  in her turn, gave
notice to the powers of Europe
that any interference with Aus-1 unspeakable conflict,
tria would be resented by Ger-1   And so, at last,  my dear Dr.
many to tbe full limit of war." | Schaper, we find ourselves shock-
Mr. Church proceeds: led, ashamed, and outraged that
driven his troops to slaughter ,^^_^^_^_____„_
their brethren and be slaughter-1 ^J^S^^^ t0 cut any
ed by them in this bloody and    What n lot of 9tj|che, me|| drop
when they attempt to mend their ways!
"Oh, war, thou son of In
Shakespeare.
"The next point in your letter
reads thus: 'It is not true that
we trespassed in neutral Belgium.' Have these 9I5 men
studied well the letter they have
signed? Could intellects so superbly trained deliberately certify to such an unwarranted
declaration ? Has any one of my
93 honored correspondents read
the appeal to the American people by Imperial Chancellor von
Bethman-Hollweg, published in
the American newspapers on
August 15? I fear not, for in
that statement the chancellor
said: 'We were compelled to
override the just protests of the
Luxemburg and Belgian governments. _, Thc wrong — 1 speak
frankly—that we are committing
we will endeavor to make good
as soon as our military goal has
been reached.'
"What will thc good conscience
of the German people say when,
in spite of its passion in the rage
a Christian nation should be
guilty of this criminal war. There
was no justification for it. Armed and defended as you were,
the whole world could never
have broken into your borders.
And while German culture still
has something to gain from her
neighbors, yet the intellectual
progress which Germany was
making seemed to be lifting up
her own people to better things
for themselves and to an altruistic service to mankind, Your
great nation floated its ships in
every ocean, sold its wares in
the uttermost parts of the earth,
NOTED WRITER DEAD.
New York.—Alfred Henry Lewis,
newspaperman and writer of hooks,
died Dec. 23rd at the home of his
brother, New York. Among his best
known hooks are "Wolfville," "The
Sunset Trail," and "The Boss."
He had only been ill a few days.
respect, a Germany of true peace,
of true progress, of true culture,
modest and not boastful, forever
rid of her war lords and her
armed hosts, and turning once
more to the uplifting influence
of such leaders as Luther, Goethe, Beethoven and Kant!   But
and enjoyed the good favor of j Germany,  whether you win or
humanity, because it was trusted j lose in this war, has fallen, and
as a humane state. But now all
tbis achievement has vanished,
all this good opinion has been
destroyed, You cannot in half a
century regain the spiritual and
material benefits which you have
lost, Oh, that we might have
again a Germany that we could
the once glorious nation must
continue to pursue its course in
darkness and murder until conscience at last bids it withdraw
its armies back to its own boundaries, there to hope for the
worlds pardon upon this inexpiable damnation,
January 1st,
1915.
Victory follows
the flag.
We wish you health, and wish you wealth,
And many a merry day,
And a happy heart to play the part
On the great highway.
Pioneer
Manufacturers
of
Lumber.
Phone 1
Prince George
FORT GEORGE TRADING
AND
V^ LIM.T.D ^
4*       c. McEi.iuiy, Manager        ^
Pioneer
Operators
of
Steamboats.
Phone 11
South Fori George
Domestic Coal
Of the highest grade obtainable and specially
Bifted fur domestic use.
Lath, Kiln Dried Coast and Local Lumber, Cedar Siding,
Sash and Doors, Building Papers, Ready
Roofings, Wall Boards, etc.
STOVES
for COAL or WOOD
HEATERS   RANGES
of all kinds and sizes for every Kitchen
We are exclusive agents for the famous
" G U R N E Y S T O V E S." Our PRICES
are right.
We are allowing a special 10 per cent,
discount on every article in our stores.
Orders will be taken at our Prince George
Yard as well as at our store at South.
LOOK UP YOUR STOVE IP lllll!
Remember the 10 por cent. CASH Discount.
THE NORTHERN LUMBER __ MERCANTILE CO., LTD.
W. F. COOKE, Prei.
RUSSELL PEDEN, Vi ce-Prei.
G. E. McLAUCHUN. Secrelirj
BEFORE  BUILDING
SEE
Danforth & Mclnnis,
SOUTH  FORT GEORGE :: PRINCE GEORGE,  B. C.
-(RUN*
Edmonton - Prince George
Prince Rupert
THROUGH   STANDARD  SLEEPER
No. 1 Leave Edmonton Tuesdays and Fridays 10-00 p. m.
Wesl Bound— Arrive Prince George Wednesdays & Saturdays 8 00 p.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, „ 8-15 „
Arrive Prince Rupert Thursdays and Sundays  6-30 p.m.
No. 2 Leave Prince Rupert Wednesdays and Suturdays 10 a.m.
East Bound- Arrive Prince George Thursdays and Sundays 8-30 a.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,, 8-45   ,,
Arrive Edmonton Fridays ancl Mondays 8-30 a.m.
CONNECTIONS AT EDMONTON  FROM  ALL POINTS EAST
Travel via the
BEST NEW RAILWAY
EVER CONSTRUCTED.
Our Agents will be pleased to furnish any
information desired.
W. J. QUINLAN,
District Passenger Agent,
Winnipeg:, Man,
Automobiles for hire.
Machinery Repaired.    Skates Sharpened.
Lathe Work.
CITY GARAGE
South Fort fieorge.
HARRY  COUTTS.
Proprietor.
Dru .mono A McKay,
Machinist*.
Launches Overhauled and Repaired.  Storage.
Gasoline Oils and Accessories.
Phone 57. Assuuauuii.
(Continued from first page I
could be supported in the section
of country above mentioned. Mr.
MaeDougall gave it as his opinion that fully ten thousand people could live comfortably on the
lands of that section. Mr. MacDowell went, on to remark that,
owing to the difficulties the settlers had to encounter, and the
hardships they had to endure —
along with the total lack of
roads, the population had decreased, in his neighborhood,
from one hundred to ten, instead
of increasing, as should be expected.
The speaker had had considerable experience in farming in
Central British Columbia, and expressed the opinion that this section of the Province is pre-eminently a mixed - farming country,
and (-specially adapted to the
raising of small bush fruits, vegetables, roots, and that the farming of forty acre farms would be
I oca
company
1' Ul I I ecuifct,    St.   V.
Jan. 6, 1915.
Editor ••Herald",
South Fort (leorge.
Dear Sir:
In connection with the movement to organize the farmers of
this district, and to aid as much
as possible in the campaign for
increased   farm   production,   II *   »   »   *   *
have the honor to invite atten-j Jfi C-wi8glnH) of Wesley and
tion to a serious difficulty which L^.^ Mumcd hm Uu, coa8t.
the pre-emptors of this district ^^ay,-after spending a plea*
and, no doubt, those of the whole
Province, are facing.
Those who pre-empted lands
two or three years ago  under
llll'      Itecai     UgUUl      Ul     ttllta    viiaeie-i
nnk Pacific informs us that the
leated car service which the
have maintained on the
west-bound freight out of Prince
George, will be discontinued for
the months of January and February; This train leaves Prince Oeorge
Thursdays and Sundays at 8:30 a.m.
wl neent business and holiday trip.
«   *   »   *   *
Miss Peun is spending the week
Braun's on Thursday, January 7th,
when the yearly reports were read.
The treasurer's report showed that
the club lias raised about $500 in all
for various purposes since its organization in June.
The election of officers resulted in
the re-election by acclamation of the
previous year's officers with the
addition of 1st and 2nd Vice-Presidents. The officers aro as follows:
President   -   Mrs. Cowie
1st Vice-President - Mrs. Foster
2nd Vice-President - Mrs. Hughes
Secretary - Mrs. Dunn
Treasurer - Mrs. Johnson
the old pre-emption law, have to with Miss Dodd on the latter's PT«-. investingCpmmittw: Mrs. Johnson
pay $1.25 per acre in order to I emptiou at Mud River,
get crown grants or titles to their *  *  «  *  »
lands. yr   Graham,   manager  of the
Just at this time   there are riudsou Bav at QueSnel, and his
thousands of settlers who have)wifc ftl_ ^^ Ml, & Ml_ j E
JT. Armstrong at the Hudson Bay
Store.
completed or are about to complete the residence and improvements required by law; and in
order to continue the development of their lands and incidentally the country, they need and
deserve the titles to their lands.
far more advisable and profitable jButowing to the conditions of
than the farming of quarter-sec- lhc tjmeS| jt wi„ be impossible
tions. Five acres of Mr. Mac-'rora ,arge percentage of these
Dowell's place have supported i seUle).s to ra|se thc amount re.
him and his partner for the PasMaujrerl
While thc law does not require
crown |
three years, and "left spending
money besides."  The writer has, ^™i application^ for
seen  Mr.   MacDowell's   ranch, U, at the cxpira(ion of two
while the crops were at their best!
and it can safely be said that no
better crops of potatoes, lettuce,
cabbage, onions, parsnips, rhubarb, carrots, and beets, could be
raised anywhere, In concluding
his remarks Mr. MacDowell expressed regret that he, as well as
many others, were abandoning
their places, because the lack of
roads and (lovernment assistance
made it impossible for them to
continue on lands so far from
market.
The following resolution was
drafted by the committee, and
presented to the audience for
their signatures,
" It is hereby resolved that an
association be formed to be known
as the Farm - lands Improvement
Association of the Fort George
District, and that a committee be,
and hereby is elected, consisting
of the following . Messrs. Gaskill
(chairman), Bernitz (secretary),
Carney, Johnson, Perkins, Scott,
Shearer, with power to fill vacancies and add to their number for
years posession of the land,
without it, the pre-emptor has
no substantial local standing. He
does not own property. He is
absolutely denied credit. He
cannot sell, mortgage or secure
loans on his land. To succeed,
most of these men must have
some assistance. Their only assets are their lands, their energy
and their ability to produce
something, which are and for all
time have been the fundamental
basis of credit. Production is
the foundation of credit, and all
production is directly or indirectly from the soil. This great
truth is as old as the universe.
The Panama News Stands on
(leorge Street, Prince George, and
Hamilton Avenue, South Fort
George, have your home newspapers, also magazines, cigars, cigarettes, snuffs and stationery. Newspapers from everywhere. We are
the pioneer news stand, up-to-date
in everything. Panama News Co.
#   #   #   »   *
Melville I .'own returned from New
York on Wednesday, having spent
the holidays in that city with his
mother and brothers. Mr. Chas.
Brown will remain in New York for
the winter.
*****
To Mr. & Mrs. Guy T. Mills, of
South Fort George, a daughter, born
Friday, the 8th of January, 1915.
All are doing fine.
British commentators on the war
call attention to the fact that the
initiative seems to be in the hands
of the allied commanders, and the
recent German public utterances to
but for the benefit of the farmer, Uieeffeet that Germany is waging
I beg permission to reiterate it. ■ n defensive war to save her territory
The old Pre-emption law has from invasion, is accepted in ton-
been superceded by the Home- don as an indirect admission that
stead law whieh requires the] to battle on two fronts a thousand
maximum    payment   of   about: m\\^ apart has caused an nnantici-
.$12.0(1 cash to secure title after
three years occupation.
The vast areas of purchased
lands are only partially paid for,
and the time for payments has
Mrs. Foster, and .Mrs. Blair.
*****
The Fire Department has many
practical contributors, as was evidenced this week when Harry
Coutts presented it with a receipted
bill for repairs etc,, amounting to
833.25. And this is not thc first
(lunation from Harry besides his
assistance at tires. That is the way
to make the Department efficient.
*****
Jolm A. Fraser, Member Provincial Parliament, arrived in town
this afternoon from Quesnel on his
way lo Victoria to attend the Legislature which is to meet on the 21st.
Mr. Fraser will confer with the
people of the district relative to
the legislative programme and post
himself on matters required for this
section.
*****
Sleigh Ride Party
A sleigh ride party of about
thirty went to Fort George Thursday evening to witness the hockey
game between Central and Prince
and then returned to the Fort
George Theatre wliere tlie remainder of the night was spent in dancing. A most enjoyable time was
had, as all testify.
*   * . *   «   •
The managers of the local skating
rink announce a Carnival to be
held on tho 18th or l9th of this
month, to be the feature event of
the season. The management have
secured the Fort George Band for
the occasion. A number of prizes
will be given, the details of which
will be advertised later.   The ladies
KENNEDY BLAIR ft CO. LTD.
KENNEDY BLAIR & GO. LTD.
January Specials
in the Boot & Shoe
Department
OR tiio balance of this month we aro offering special prices in all our linos of High-
Grade Men's Boots and Shoes, in order to reduce our very heavy stock. Below we mention
a few lines, all made by the best Canadian
manufacturers.
Slaters Vici Kid Blucher Cut,  cushion sole,  sold
regularly at 0.50, our price -       -       -       .   $4,35
Slaters Vici Kid  blucher
Special for January
cut.   regular
price 5:50,
-   $3.70
pated   strain   on   the government j 0f the Sunshine Club have made
resources of the German empire.       arrangements to serve refreshments.
the purpose of organizing the 1)Cen ffreally extended. In the
association and negotiating with meantime the owners of these
the Government for assistance to jandg have the right to sell at a
the farmers of the district."        Lroli,   and   { am arlvis(.d that
And it is further resolved that | many sales have been made,
the following petition be handed j    it is easy to see that the pre. 1
to Mr. Fraser for presentation to emptor is at a disadvantage. The'
the Government: "We,  the postp0„ement of the payment of
undersigned are desirous of im-! tho $1.25 per acre would be _
provin? of farm-lands and are
asking you to aid us with loans to
assist us in clearing our farms to
enable us to become producers."
Before presenting this petition
for signatures it was explained
that the committee was desirous
of adding to its number representatives of the farmers from different sections of the district, and
an amendment was moved and
seconded, and unanimously carried, tbat ten members should be
added to the committee. These
new members should be representatives of such sections of the
district as the Mud River Valley,
Chief Lake, Nechaco River, Six
Mile Lake, Willow River, Eagle
Lake, Upper Fraser Valley,
Salmon River Valley, and the
Lower Fraser River District.
Uver three hundred names
were placed upon the petition
within twenty-four hours, and
there is no doubt but that the
movement will receive the hearty
support of the business men and     In order that it may success
farmers of the district. fully compete with other trans-
The office of the secretary of continental railway lines, the
the committee (Mr. Bernitz) is on Grand 'trunk Pacific, between
George Street, Prince (leorge, P. Prince Rupert and Winnipeg,
0. Box 108, and all communica- will carry passengers on its boats
tions relative to the above project from Prince Rupert to Vancouver
should be addressed to him. The and supply them with their
petition will be in his office for a meals free of charges. This is
short time, and those desiring to the announcement of Mr. C. E.
same are askel to do so at Jenny, general passenger agent
date. at Vancouver,
At Francois Lake, three indians.
two men and a woman, died sudden-
! ly from some unknown cause. According to accounts the party had
just returned lo camp from a successful moose hunt, and shortly
after were taken sick, two of them
dying during the night and the third
on the following morning.
great material aid to him.
Every one who complains
should be able to suggest a remedy.   This is the remedy I stig-
geSt: ma-ter.
That the Provincial Parliament
at the coming session modify the
old pre-emption law or such part
of it as remains in force, so that
the payment by pre-emptors of
81.00 per acre and 25c per acre j    D. II. Hoy returned to Aldermere
for survey,   may   be postponed; from a trip to Stuart Lake.   Here-
The Vanderhoof postoffice opened
recently, with John Macfie as post-
The Vanderhoof Times will shortly build at the corner of Butte Avenue and Stewart Street.
ate
By Canada Was Less
Toronto.—The aggregate of borrowings abroad last year was less by
almost one hundred million dollars
than in 1913. The total government, railway, public utility and
municipal issues were 82.52,650,000
as against 8351,408,620 in 1913.
This is the estimate, made in the
annual financial survey of the Globe,
which indicates a strained position
is 1 _ing relieved hy the ease with
whioh Canadian borrowers of quality are financing their requirements
in the United States, Loans by
Canadian corporations would have
fallen much farther below last year
but for the interest in Canadian securities manifested by financial
centres in the United States in the
final months of the year.   Canadian
Ames Holden Co.—A splendid line in Box Calf,
blucher cut, wet-proof sole, reg. at 5.50, now   $3.70
Ames Holden Co. Tan Calf, blucher cut, extra dry
shod, regular 6.25, our price       -       -       -   $4.15
Slaters Willow Calf, rubberless sole. Regular at
7.00, sale price §4.70
Ames Holden Co.—Fine line in Box Calf, visolized
sole, a very seasonable shoe, selling regularly for
7.25.   This shoe can be worn in the worst weather
without Rubbers.   Extra special price -
$4.8,5
Ames Holden Co. best quality Kangaroo, regular at
6.75, our price for January -      -      -       -   $4.50
Slaters Fine Box Calf, rubberless'sole, regular at
6.50, our price $4.3,5
Ames Holden Co. Chocolate Calf, high cut top, regularly sold at 8.50.    A real money-saver at    -   $5.70
We have so many lines in this department
that it is impossible for us to quote them all on
account of lack of space.—Wo, however, aro
making extraordinary low prices, and it will be
to your advantage to look over our Stock.
KENNEDY BLAIR _ CO., LTD.,
SOUTH FORT GEORGE       CENTRAL FORT GEORGE
__m<im9_Mnii__H_MM____Mv_m___a_i
P. BURNS & CO. Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in all Kinds of
Fresh  and  Cored Meats
Butter, Cheese, Eggs;
Highest Prices Paid for Hides and Live Stock
GOODS DELIVERED TO ALL
PARTS OF CITY.
Phone 85
Fort George and South Fort George.
Phone SS
for a period of ten years,  and!ports that there is every likelihood
the crown grant issued upon the J of large quantities of freight going j Always in the year borrowed 85-1,-
completion of the required oecu-' from  Aldermere  to   tlie   Omineca [000,000 in London and $12,690,000
pation and improvements.   Fro- country thi;' winter
vided, however,  that in  case of
sale  of lands  these   payments
must be made before titles can
be legally transferred.
Very sincerely yours
James May,
! in the United .States.
Free Meals on Grand Trunk
Prince Rupert-Vancouver Sci vice
Mr. Myron T. Herriek, who has
done such splendid work as Ambassador in Paris, is not only a skilled
and experienced banker, but possesses the rare gift of being able to present a technical subject in simple
and attractive popular form. This
is evidenced in " Rural Credits," a
book of five hundred pages. The
work is very timely in view of the
present widespread discussion of land
banks and co-operative credit systems designed to assist farmers in
obtaining means to make improvements and increase the yield from
their lands. In the light of reason
and experience Mr. Merrick upholds
tlie rural co-operative credit society
as the best and safest means of extending aid to farmers, and he eon-
eludes ley demonstrating that it is
the easiest kind of an association to
form and operate.
Railway Men Not Highly Paid.
At the hearing of the arbitration
proceedings, now being held in
Chicago, in reference to the settlement of the threatened strike of
ninety-eight railroads west of Chicago
and which was prevented by the intercession of President Wilson, and
placed before an arbitration board,
it was shown that locomotive engineers were not so highly paid as some
people imagined. In point of wages
the engineers take sixteenth place
and the firemen thirty-eighth place.
The evidence showed that bricklayers were the plutocrats of labor,
the plasterers and plumbers coining
next.
Kodaks ■ Gramophones - Records
TOYS, GAMES, Etc. FOR CHILDREN
Useful and Ornamental Gifts for all ages.
Drugs, Medicines, Prescriptions.
Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccos, at Wholesale and Retail.
Stationery, .Magazines, Newspapors, Confections, and
Toilet Articles.
Fort George Drug Co., Ltd.
laselle Avenue, South Fort George.   ::   George Street, Prince George.
ROOMS TO RENT
AT THE
Victoria Hotel
(Formerly Grand Union)
OPPOSITE CLUB CAPE
Third Street     -     South Fort George
Hot and Cold Water Baths
F.C BURCH       ■     -        Proprietor
The man at thc bottom of the ladder
hus one advantage over the man at the
top-he doesn't have so far to fall.
LOST-Bay Mare, about 1000 l_a.
Branded with outline of a watch on left
shoulder, wearing cowbell and halter.
Finder please notify J. Christianson,
South Fort George, or Herald Office.
WANTED. - Orders for Printing of
every description - Herald, Phone 9.
Pioneer Bakery
We are the pioneers in the
baking business. Always has
and always will be the best,
Come and give us a call.
FRED TIEMEYER, Proprietor.
OUR Telegraph Office at Prince
George is now open for bujiness.
All telegrams for Prince George
and Central Fort George will go
through this office.   Free delivery
between Prince and Central.
FORT GEORGE _ ALBERTA TELEPHONE AND
ELECTRIC CO., LTD.

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