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Fort George Herald 1915-06-11

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 VOL. 5, NO. 41.
Price Five Cents
Prince George Assessable Property Valued at Two
and a Half- Millions - Income Will Be
Nearly Sixty Thousand.
For the past week |the mayor
and aldermen have been a busy
body of men. Two full meetings
of the council, as well as meetings of the different committees
have been held, and a great deal
of important business has been
considered and disposed of.
The principal matters handled
were the passing of the by-law
arranging for a $15,000 loan from
the Royal Bank, and the setting
of the new tax-rate. Prince
George property holders will pay
25 mills on an assessed valuation
of over two and a half millions.
This will be apportioned as follows : General, 15 mills ; Education, 5 mills ; Fire Protection,
4 mills, and Health, 1 mill. 80
per cent, of all taxes are subject
to a discount of one-sixth, or 16.6
per cent, if paid before the 1st
of September. The remaining
20 per cent, to be used for education, must be paid in full, it being unlawful to discount school
taxes. This will give the city
fathers about $60,000 to work
with, and if only half of that
amount is readily collectable
there will be sufficient funds to
go ahead with all necessary work.
By-law number 2 provides for
the borrowing from the Royal
Bank of Canada the sum of $15,-
000, for the purpose of financing
the city's business until such
time as an income is received
from taxes due to the city, It
is necessary to have a vote of the
people on most money by-laws,
but as this loan is for current
expenditures, the city officials
have the power to arrange the
matter. A vote of the people
would be necessary before bylaws relating to such matters as
a waterworks system or power
plant could be passed.
The new by-law No. 3, brought
in at a meeting of the council,
Tuesday evening, will be known
as the License By-law. This bylaw is passed for the purpose of
obtaining revenue by taxing all
business houses of every description.
Hotels will pay a license fee of
$600 per year.
Retail liquor stores will pay $400
per year, while wholesale liquor
stores will pay $300 per year.
I'ool-room proprietors will pay
a license fee of $6 per year for
each table used. Bowling alleys
and similar businesses will pay
$10 per year.
Peddlers hailing from outside
points will be charged a license
of $50 for every six months. In
fact all concerns not resident in
this city will pay dearly for the
priviledge of doing busines here.
Outside real estate dealers will
pay $200 per year. Pawnbrokers
will be taxed $250 per year. All
visiting circuses and shows of a
like nature will pay $20o per da-.
Licenses for businesses of all
kinds carried on in the city will
be collected every six months.
Each retail business house will
be taxed 85.
Each wholesale, or wholesale
and retail house $20.
Autos, etc., will pay $2.50;
livery stables $10; auctioneers
$10. Pack-trains will be taxed
from $2.50 to $5, depending on
the distance packing is carried
on from the city.
All theatres in the city at
present will pay a license of $100
per year.
Gas companies, fur - dealers,
express companies, telephone
companies, and all such organizations will pay $50.
Banks will be charged $200 per
year, and $100 for each additional branch within the city.
Liook this clause over carefully
if you are thinking of doing business in Prince (leorge and expect to get away without paying
a license for the privilege:
"Every person following,
within the municipality, any
profession, trade, occupation
or calling, not hereinbefore
enumerated, or who enters
into or carries on any contract or agreement to perform any work or to furnish
any material, shall pay $5
every six months, provided
always that no person em-
p oyed as a journeyman or
for wages only, and not employing any other person or
persons, shall be subject to
the provisions of this subsection."
A penalty of a fine of $250 or
three months in jail will follow
the breaking of the by-law.
Great Improvement
In City's Streets.
Every day this week (between
showers) from 50 to 70 men and
10 teams have been engaged in
improving I'rince George. The
gradingof (leorgeStreet will soon
be completed. All the dirt and
gravel necessary for filling will
soon be hauled and then the government grading machine will be
used, after which a layer of
gravel will be put on.
The two George Street wells
have been completed and boarded
in, and there is now available a
fine supply of water for use in
Secretary Bryan's
Resignation Regretted
The unexpected resignation of
William Jennings Bryan, secretary of state of the United States,
comes as a great surprise. Mr.
Bryan differed with the president
on the wording of the second
note to Germany regarding the
sinking of the Lusitania. He is
probably the world's foremost
peace advocate, and though full
particulars have not as yet become known, it is thought that
the spirit of the second note to
Germany is too firm in its nature
to suit Mr. Bryan.
Duchess Park Will be
Made Recreation Ground
Prince George is to have a r.ew
recreation grounds. Mayor Gillett announced at last Monday
night's meeting that he had sent
a communication to Mr. H. H.
Hansard, solicitor for the Grand
Trunk Pacific Development Co.,
asking if the city might have the
use of Duchess Park for a temporary recreation grounds. On
Tuesday evening the mayor announced having received a tele
gram from Mr. Hansard stating
that the city's request would be
complied with-
it is thought that the new park
will be in readiness for the celebration to be held on Dominion
Day, Considerable work will be
required in order to furnish a
baseball diamond, but several
men have promised their services
free, and several teams will be
loaned  to assist in the work,
More City Streets
to be Improve^
At the meeting of the cit\'
council last Monday evening a
resolution was brought in by the
Board of Public Works regarding
the grading of some more of the
city streets and the building oi
necessary sidewalks, lhe total
amount of money to be expended
for this work will be $3,000. The
north side of Seventh avenue
from George street to Edmonton
street will be graded and a sidewalk constructed. This will cost
approximately .1500.
A sidewalk will be laid on Third
avenue from Edmonton to Melville; also on Winchester tw
Fraser avenue, at which point it
will connect with the sidewalk
running to Fraser avenue, Fort
George. This will provide a practically unbroken sidewalk from
Fort George, through Prince
George, to South Fort George.
This work is to cost not more
than $800.
Third avenue, east of George
street to Kingston street, will be
graded and a sidewalk laid, the
work to cost not more than $700.
Forty Recruits
Leave Quesnel.
The 40 recruits who left Quesnel last week for the front, will
carry with them a pleasant memory as a result of the rousing
send-off given them by their
friends at Quesnel. A dance was
held in the Rex Theatre and a
banquet was given in the new
Cariboo Hotel.
Following is a list of the boys
who left Quesnel:
A. Hudson, E. G. Brown, J.
E. Swan, T. Trueman. R. G.
Gritten, S. E. Whiting, R. Park,
R. C. Mitchel, 0. Barker, P.
Demarre, 0 J. Price, W. D.
Darling, E. A. Palmer, S. Ryall,
J. T. Findlater, A. Nevue, F. N.
Warlow. N. A, Pope, A. Mayant.
A. W. Safken, P. O. Neilson,
J. McLean, R. L. Boothe, W. W.
Lowery, J. LeBlanc, W. McCal-
lum, J. Murray, W. H. .Merritt.
J. Durston, L. Michael, W. Lee,
R. M. Wylie, G. M. Box, E. C.
Jacobsen, B, Pope, A. Spiers, D.
Murdoch, A. Aglish, J. L. Teb-
butt, J. J. Thompson.
Robert Lansing is
Acting Secretary of State
(Special to the Herald)
Washington, June 11.—As a
result of the resignation of Hon.
W. J. Bryan, Secretary of State,
the second note to (lermany was
signed by Robert Lansing, Secretary of State ad interim. The
communication went forth with
the approval of President Wilson
and his entire cabinet.
G.T.P. Transcontinental
Train Service
A general change of time which
became effective June 6th, between Winnipeg and Prince Rupert and connecting at Prince
Rupert with Grand Trunk Pacific
Coast steamers for Vancouver,
Victoria and Seattle, is announced. This summer timetable announcement calls for triweekly
service leaving Winnipeg 6 p. m.
Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays,
and Edmonton Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays, arriving
at I'rince Rupert Wednesdays,
Fridays and Mondays. On every
Tuesday night out of Winnipeg,
until further advised, there will
be an electric-lighted touriBt car
running through to Prince Rup
Official Despatch Expected to Relieve
the Tension in German-American
International Affairs.
(Special to the Herald.)
WASHINGTON, June Ilth, The United States in
its latest note to (Iermany, made public today, formally
asks the Imperial (lerman Government for assurance that
measures will hereafter be adopted to safeguard American
lives and American ships on the high seas. The alterna-
native, in case of refusal, is not stated.
It was this note to which William Jennings Bryan refused to attach his signature, resigning instead his portfolio as Secretary of State, and thereby precipitating a
dramatic cabinet crisis.
Friendly terms characterize the document, which renews the representations made in the American note that
reached Germany on May 15, after the Lusitania was torpedoed and sunk with a loss of more than 100 American
"The German government," it is declared, "must
have been misinformed when it assumed that the Lusitania
carried guns, as official information is at hand to corroborate the original contention of the Washington government
that the Lusitania was an unarmed passenger ship, which
since it had not resisted capture, could not be sunk without transferring passengers and crew to a place of safety."
The communication informs (lermany that it is upon
the principle of humanity, as well as upon the law founded
upon this principle, that the United States must stand. A
copy of the note was delivered to Count Von Berns tof,
err'inaddiUon'to"thVtri'weekiy!the German ambassador, today.   He refused to comment
Making Good Progress
Against the Turks
Athens, June 11.—A further
gain of from 1000 to ,1600 yards
for the Anglo-French forces on
the Gallipoli Peninsula is reported in despatches from Tenedos,
The Allies are evidently maintaining the tremendous offensive
begun all along the line against
the Turks last Friday.
through standard electric-lighted
sleepers and coaches. There will
be a diner between Winnipeg and
Edmonton and Edmonton and
Prince Rupert.
Indications for travel to the
Panama Pacific Exposition and
southern Pacific points are very
promising and already great numbers have taken advantage of the
very low rates prevailing.
The new route through the
Yellowhead Pass of the Rocky
Mountains with minimum grades
and the opportunity of seeing
Robson, the highest peak in the
Canadian Rockies, coupled with
a breezy sea voyage of thirty
hours along the route which has
become known as the "Norway
of America," are very strong
features to be considered from
educational as well as from a
scenic standpoint.
The (Irand Trunk Pacific are
offering free booklets descriptive
of this route, which are known
as "California 1915" and "The
North American Alps."
upon it, saying that it would have to be left to the reply
of his government.
In diplomatic circles generally the note seemed to create a favorable impresssion. In quarters friendly to Germany it was stated that the document confirmed a belief
held since Count Von Bernstof's recent interview with
President Wilson that the critical stage had been passed
and that with the American viewpoint clearly before it
the German government would be able to find a way out
of the dilemma that would be satifactory to the United
States. _t	
Enemy Loses Two Submarines.
PARIS, June Ilth.—A submarine, believed to be
Austrian, has been sunk by the Anglo-French fleet at the
western entrance to the Dardanelles, says a despatch. The
presence of an Austrian submarine in the Dardanelles
would indicate that Austria as well as Germany, is placing
her war material at the disposal of the Turks.
LONDON, June Ilth.—Official announcement was
made by Secretary of the Admiralty Balfour that a German submarine had been sunk and that six of her officers
and twenty-one members of the crew had been captured.
Mr. Balfour announced also that German submarine
prisoners hereafter shall be accorded treatment identical
with all other (lerman prisoners in England.
Mr. Balfour failed to state when or where the German submarine was sunk. He merely said it had been
sunk recently.
MONTREAL, June llth.-The White Star Dominion
Liner Northland arrived in Plymouth, England, with a
large number of Canadian troops. So far as can be learn-
!ed the voyage was uneventful. Among the units on the
Northland was tha first University company of the 38th
under Captain (Iregor Barclay, the 23th battalion from
Winnipeg an J the weit, a portion of tha 27th battalion,
Winnipeg, and base details from the 31st battalion, Calgary and the 13th, Hth, and 15th batteries of Toronto.
Canada's Loyalty fo Empire
Again Strongly in Evidence
Lieut. R. A. J. Warneford, R. N., who recently destroyed a
German Zeppelin between (ihent and Brussels. From an altitude
of 6000 feet Lieutenant Warneford dropped six bombs which exploded the airship, causing it to fall to the ground, and killing 28
of the crew.
That an empire scattered over
the entire face of the globe can
act against a common foe as a
unit, as is being evidenced today
by the British people, is the wonder of the world. From every
section of the globe comes support for the British cause. Canada is taking her place most
pronouncedly as the chief support
of the motherland, and word
now comes from Canadian head
quarters that 35,000 mtrj Canadians will be sent to the front.
This will bring the total of the
Canadian forces up to 150,000
men. But a short time ago thia
would have meant an army capable of carrying on, single-handed, a war of world-importance.
That a single one of Britain's
dominions can so quickly send
such aid speaks wonders for the
united spirit of the empire. SUBSCRIPTION :
$1. . Per Year, iit Advanco.
To thc United Stales J2.00.
All cnmimileirfttieens   .eeeeilel lee> addressed to
The Herald, Prince George. . . C,
J. C QUINN. Mm .iol Din,leer
FRIDAY,   JUNE  11th,   1915
Despite the inevitable and
easily foreseen outcome of the
titanic struggle being waged today in Europe, the Teutonio
belligerents seem prone to continue the wholesale destruction
which is plunging the peoples of
the warring nations so far into
debt that they will stagger under the load for H»mbei-less years
to come. The immutable laws of
evolution lead ever on to a betterment of the human race, but
false ideals sometimes become a
national obsession, as witness the
idealizing bv Germany of the
principles of Prussian militarism,
and a period of iconoclasm, the
breaking down of false idols,
Destruction being such a rapid
proceeding when compared with
construction, the results of decades of careful preparation and
upbuilding are dissipated in a
very short time. It is doubtful
if the wildest militaristic dreamer
ever had any conception of the
awful destruction accompanying
this war. Situations heretofore
unknown in war have beea met
with and the toll in human lives
and suffering is staggering. No
sane man deliberately inflicts
punishment upon himself, but
the world today is passing
through an era of self-punishment which belies the reputed
intelligence of the race.
Philosophical prog nosticians
are predicting that the present
War of the Nations will be the
last armed conflict; that the
present struggle is emblematic of
the birth pangs ushering into existence a new civilization where
Right will triumph over Might.
Whether or not there will ever
be another war is a question that
even the greatest thinkers cannot predetermine. War will end
only when man realizes that war
is murder, and when he becomes
sufficiently educated to refuse to
deliberately harm his neighbor
by engaging in a conflict which
will inevitably bring suffering
and possible death to him and
his. Only in this way can universal harmony come into existence.
v. uc ui une j^iniLii-ftil suurutes ut
income in Northwestern Canada
is the fur trade. Few people
realize the value of the yearly
catch of fur in British Columbia.
The Prince George district furnishes furs of the very highest
grade,   The altitude of the dis-
j trict—from 2000 to 2500 feet—
I insures a prime quality of furs,
and the pelts are in good condition for six months of the year.
The deffect of the European war
has been felt in few channels as
keenly as in the market for furs,
i Before the war London and Leip-
1 sic,  with Paris,  Petrograd and
I St. Louis, were the world markets
for fur distribution,  the largest
part of the trade being carried
on in London and Leipsic.   Since
the outbreak of the war the London market has been the only one
to conduct business on a large
scale, and even there the demand
has diminished.
In consequence of the prevailing conditions trappers in Canada
are having great difliculty in disposing of their furs at a fair
price. In fact prices are so low
for some furs that it has not paid
to trap them.
In a district like this it would
appear a wise thing if the government would declare a close
season for all fur for the coming
year. If the war is not ended
before next winttr the prices of
fur will be still lower, and it
would be a fine chance to allow
the fur-bearing animals to increase, especially as the loss of
this source of income would be
scarcely felt while conditions of
fur prices are what they are. '
Probably the greatest sufferers
are the Canadian Indians, as they
have been notified by the fur
companies that supplies will not
be advanced them against their
prospective catches of fur. Next
to the United States, Canada
supplies more fur than any other
country, and owing to the latitude Canadian furs are the more
uver one nunurea entnusiastic
citizens attended the meeting
i held in the Princess Theatre last
j Saturday evening, for the purpose of organizing the farmeiw
and others interested into a boc^
to promote agricultural progress
in this district.
Mr. J. W. Scott chairman,
called the meeting to order and
outlined the business to be considered. Mr. Dodd gave a good
address regarding the advantages
to be gained as a result of proper
organization. Mr, Bell read replies from the government regarding the advancing of funds
in the nature of loans to farmers.
It was decided to amalgamate
with the Farmers' Institute already formed. The first meeting
will be held on July 8th. The
nature of the meeting was purely non-political, and the sole object was to promote plans that
will benefit as quickly as possible
the settlers of the surrounding
country. Another meeting of
farmers will be held on June 18th
in the Princess Theatre for the
purpose of going into the matter
of securing loans for pre-emptors.
H C., will apply for a licence to take
and use 8 cubic feet per second of water
out of Quartz Creek, which flows north
and drains into Peace Kiver about 10
miles below Findlay Junction.
The water will be diverted from the
stream at a point about 4 miles from
Peace River and about 4600 feet south
from the northeast corner of the "Dan
Patch" mineral claim and will be used
for mining purposes upon the mine described as "Dan Patch" and other
mineral claims grouped therewith.
This notice was posted on the ground
on the 27th day of April, 1915. A copy
of this notice and an application pursuant thereto and to the "Water Act,
1914," will be filed in the oflice of the
Water Recorder at Fort George, B C.
Objections to the application may be
filed with the said Water Recorder or
with the Comptroller of Water Rights,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.,
within thirty days after the first appearance of this notice in a local newspaper. JAMES H.BA_HAM,
By D. F. M. Perkins, Agent,
South Fort George, B.C.
The date of the first publication of
this notice is May 28th, 1915.
Forest Protection
With the presentation, adoption and passing of the new bylaws Nos. 1 and 2, the mayor
and council have disposed of the
question of the city's finances,
temporarily at least. With the
station site question shelved, for
a lime anyway, the council meet
ings of this week have been as
harmonious as Sunday School
picnics, and a groat deal of important business was disposed of
in a short time.
The most important matter
which has had the attention of
the council is the matter of taxes.
The new city tax rate will be 25
mills on the dollar, or 2 1-2 per
cent. This will Le apportioned
_ follows:  General,   15 mills;
ducation, 5 mills; Fire Protec-
ion, 4 mills; Health, 1 mill. On
an assessment of approximately
$2,500,000, with 80 per cent of
the taxes subject to a one-sixth
discount for prompt payment,
the city's income for the ceming
year should be in the neighborhood of $60,000. What part of
this can be promptly collected is
a question. But if only half of
that amount can be collected in
for use in city affairs there will
be ample funds for the pushing
ahead of matters in hand. With
the completion of arrangements
regarding the floating of the
city's bond issue there will be
sufficient money in the city's
control to take care of all necessary expenditure for a considerable time.
The lumber industry employs
over half the wage-earners of
British Columbia. $400,000 per
day is paid the people of the Pacific Northwest for labor, supplies, etc.
A special movement has been
undertaken by the minister of
lands of this province for the
protection of timber from fire,
and it behooves every camper
and settler to use the utmost
caution in preserving the forests
which play such a part in the
prosperity and everyday life of
the people of this province. Many
fires which cause tremendous loss
are caused by the misuse of
camp fires. It is a crime to leave
a fire anywhere in the woods.
Old Jup. Pluvius upset the
local baseball schedule last Sunday afternoon when he turned
on the tap as the umpire was
about to call "Play ball." Though
the rain was a welcome one from
the viewpoint of the agriculturist, still the ball fans would gladly have dispensed with the services of the weepy one until
after the regular game had been
Armstrong and Ellis Block,
Prince George.
British Columbia
Land Surveyor,
Post Building -  - Prince George.
Representing Gore _ McGrouor. Ltd.
Prince George Post Building,
George Street   -   Prince George, B.C.
Dominion and B. C. Land Surveyors,
Surveys of Lands, Mines, Townsites,
Timber Limits, etc.
Fort Genree, B. C. Victoria, B. C.
Hammond Street 114, Pemberton Bldk'.
1 •'. P. Burden, Mgr. F. C. Green. Mgr.
Nelson, B. C. New Haielton, B. C.
166, Ward Street B. C. Affleck. Mgr.
A. H. Green, Mgr.
A man's success may depend
upon the way he is raised, especially in a poker game.
To act at the psychological
moment is the part of wisdom.
The man who sits down on the
spur of the moment is likely to
go up in the air.
The Kaiser, to drop lightly into the vernacular, acts as though
he thought he was the guy who
put the rope in Europe.
A London despatch says that
money is plentiful there and that
"A good deal of it which ordinarily would be used for speculation is going into real estate."
The distinction would be appreciated in these parts.
Land Company Issues Booklet
The North Coast Land Company, Ltd., the pioneer land
company of this district have
just issued a new booklet covering the agricultural situation in
this and other parts of Central
British Columbia, lhe booklet
is handsomely printed and illustrated and gives accurate and
complete information regarding
the farm-lands of B. C, which
will be of benefit to intending
settlers. Free copies can be had
at the (ieorge Street office of the
Each army now fighting in
Europe uses a rifle different from
that used by each of the others.
The Russians have the longest
rifle, the French the longest
bayonet, while the Austrians use
the heaviest bullet. The rifles
with the largest calibres are those
of the French and the Austrians.
The Cerman rifle attains the
greatest muzzle velocity. The
British have the shortest rifle,
but with the bayonet added the
rifle is longer than the rifle and
bayonet of the Belgians and
Notice to Residents of
South Fort George.
UOODS, Limited, Sells
Golden West Bread.
Golden West Bakery.
OUR Telegraph Office at Prince
George is now open for business.
All telegrams for Prince George
and Central Eort George will po
through this ollice.   Free delivery
between Prince and Central.
Clean, Bright, Well
Furnished Rooms
Centrally Located.
Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests.
A fellow sometimes doesn't
know whether he is really engaged or has an option on the girl.
"Early to bed and early to rise;
cut the weeds and swat the flies;
mind your 1.usiness and tell no
lies; don't get gay and deceive
your wives; pay your debts and
use enterprise, and buy from
those who advertise."
Express Company, Ltd.
Express Carried on Steamer B. X.
F. MeLEOD, Agent
South Fort George.
That Illinois suffragist who was
j recently accused of paying $2.00
for a vote is manifestly innocent.
No woman would think of paying
more than $1,98.
King George Hotel,
E. E. PiiAin
Modern and up-to-date in every respect.
Entire building Steam Heated.   Hot and
Cold Water in Rooms. Public and Private
ctnu an iuimo ui insurance.
N. H. Wesley,
Phone  103.
Special Bargains in  MILLAR  PROPERTY to
People who wish to build.
Garden Tracts within one mile of
town at attractive prices.
Just Stop and Think
of the risk and inconvenience of burning coal oil.
Why not be up-to-date? Have your house wired,
it costs but a trifle more. Rates on application at
our office — Rooms 7 & 8, Post Building, George
Street, and at the plant, South Fort George. We
have a stock of lamps, shades, fixtures, irons, and
handle all utility devices.
Northern Telephone & Power Co., Ltd,
Electric Light Service and Power Furnished.
House Wiring and Electrical Fixtures of all kinds.
Phone 19- Four Rings, South Fort George.
Phone 10, Prince George.
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George, B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates $2.50 and $3
Monthly and weekly ratei on implication
Best of wine.
Liquors and cigars
Albert Johnson, prop.
Free Information*
We have just
issued our new land booklet,
which gives accurate and complete information regarding lands in Central British Columbia, along the new railroads.   Free
copies can be obtained at our
George St. office.
North Coast Land Co., Ltd..
Phone 15. PRINCE  GEORGE, B. C.
L. H. WALKER. General Aeent.
Undertaker and Funeral Director.
Caskets, Funeral Supplies, & Shipping Cases always on hand.
Out-of-town calls promptly attended to.
Phone 23 Fort George.
Prince George and Fort George*
Phone 57. rrince ueorge District.
Until the past year very little
interest in the development of
the farm-lands of this district
was in evidence. Several years'
time and millions of dollars have
been wasted in the Fort George
district in a vain effort to place
a magic city of mushroom growth,
upon the map of Central British
Columbia, in the face of the immutable laws of urban growth,
be found. Wild fruits of every
kind grow in profusion, and
saskatoon berries, wild strawberries, gooseberries, dewberries,
huckleberries, and wild black
and red currants are to be found
everywhere. The wild raspberry
is a very fine berry, attaining a
goodly size and being fully the
equal of the cultivated fruit.
Without doubt, as the country is
which demand, that to insure the j opened up and more time can be
future of a city, the development
of the surrounding country must
keep pace,
The propounding and placing
in operation of some feasible
scheme for the assistance of agricultural progress has been a slow
proceeding, with the result that
the development of the local
farming industry has made little
headway. Considerable public
interest has been aroused in the
matter and the government of
this province has given the matter of aiding the farmers considerable thought. Without doubt
a feasible working plan will soon
be worked out. In the meantime
it might not be out of place to
review the agricultural question
in Central British Columbia
The farm-lands of the district j
divide themselves into four distinct sections — the Mud River
Valley, the Nechaco Valley, the
Little Salmon River Valley, and
the large plateau on the east side
of the Fraser River, extending
east from the river to the Cariboo
Mountains, an average distance
of eight to ten miles, and south
to Canon Creek Valley at Big
Prairie, White's Landing. This
Fraser River tract of land contains approximately 150,000 acres
of land, practically all ot which
can be brought under cultivation,
This is the largest compact area
of uniformly good land in the en
tire district.
As regards 3rop possibilities
on the lands adjacent to Prince
George, it is safe to say that all
crops that can be raised in the
Temperate Zone, can be raised
here, with the possible exception
of a few of the more delicate
fruits. Fine crops of timothy
hay, oats, barley, and wheat,
have already been grown, demonstrating that the local farmlands are well adapted to the
growing of hay and grains of all
kinds. Vegetables grow splen J
didly and yield large return^1
the local demand far exceeding
the supply. Fresh green peas,
ripened tomatoes, celery, lettuce,
radishes, beets, carrots, pum-
kins, squash, &c, are produced.
The soil and climatic conditions
seem specially suited to the raising of potatoes, and from 300 to
400 bushels to the acre is not an
uncommon yield.
The dairyman and truck-farmer are here afforded a rich field
for operation. Fresh milk retails
for twenty cents per quart, and
there is not half enough to supply
the demand, even at that high
price. Fresh eggs sell readily af|
fifty cents per dozen throughout
the summer season and bring
much higher prices during the
balance of the year. Very little
fresh dairy butter reaches the
local market, so great is the demand for all the fresh milk available. This staple dairy product
finds ready sale at fifty cents per
pound. These prices will be paid
for considerable time to come.
The supply will increase, but not
so rapidly as the demand. To
the man with a reasonable working capital, to allow him to make
a fair start on the land, the production of dairy products and
garden truck can be recommended as a safe and profitable pursuit.
Fruit-raising is still in the experimental stage, but results are
so far promising. Of course, no
tree fruits have as yet been produced in the immediate vicinty
of Prince (leorge, but small fruits
do exceedingly well, and many
fine patches of bush fruits are to
given to the cultivation of fruit
this will prove a profitable branch
of the agricultural industry.
With regard to the condition
of virgin lands throughout this
district it must be said that there
is very little actual prairie land
to be found. Most of the land
is covered with light poplar,
spruce, and willow. There are a
great many farms which have
small patches of open land practically ready for breaking, while
the balance is timbered—sometimes with valuable timber, but
generally with light, second-
growth trees easily cleared. In
most instances there is enough
good timber on each quarter-
section to enable settlers to build
all the log buildings required,
and to provide wood for an indefinite time. In this way the
trees are a valuable asset, providing lumber, fuel and shelter,
as well as offering a welcome
contrast to the treeless plains,
from which many of the incoming settlers have come.
Regarding rainfall, it can be
said that there is an abundance
of rain for all purposes, which,
with the long warm days of summer, with the great number of
hours of sunshine, cause all crops
to mature quickly. The climate
is an exceptionally good one, the
summers are free from heat and
storms, thi spring and fall
months are unsurpassed, and the
winters are comparatively mild.
Many winter seasons are open
until nearly Christmas, and the
snow-fall is seldom heavy. Warm
winds sweep in from the inlets
of the coast, and at times the
snow disappears like magic.
Throughout the entire district
many fine streams and lakes are
found. These supply ample fresh
water for domestic use, and in
practically every instance fine
fishing can be had., The entire
country abounds in big game,
with lots of smaller game and
fur-bearing animals. (Irouse,
ducks and geese are plentiful,
and can be had in season. Moose
and deer are frequently shot
close to the cabin door. Black
and brown bear are met everywhere, while a few hours by
train places the hunter in the
best districts for sheep, goat,
grizzly bear, and cariboo. The
abundance of water, with plenty
of fish and game, must be worthy
of consideration from the intending settler in search of a home.
Prince George is pre-eminently
a mixed farming country. Her
timber and mineral wealth are
valuable assets, but it is to the
development of the agricultural
industry that this city must look
for future prosperity, and until
the question of opening up the
local lands for settlement receives
more attention and something
definite is done to assist settlers,
the best interests of the people
are not being served. Many
schemes for industrial and rural
development are put forth that
are only feasible when their ideas
are applied to certain sections,
and are not at all suitable in a
general way. Various plans have
been placed before the provincial
government regarding the assisting of settlers, and the matter
has received the careful attention
of the department.
During the present world
troubles the raising of food-stuftV
is one of the most important matters, and by enlarging the acre-;
age under crop in the different
sections of this province we can
do much to relieve the pressure
of hard times locally and also do
The booster's trade is a good
one, and while on the subject of
development it might be well to
draw attention to the wonderful
resources of this province as a
whole, realizing that a section of
country rich in varied ways will
attract a large population, and a
large population means increased
land values, thus benefiting ultimately the present settlers.
The largest areas of good tin -
ber to be found in the world are
in British Columbia, as are also
the largest undeveloped areas of
coal lands. This province is fast
taking her place in the front
ranks as a producer of fruits.
Her fisheries are unexcelled—her
salmon and ha'iout fisheries leading the world, and her vast mineral wealth has been scarcely
scratched. Three great transcontinental railroads traverse the
province from east to west, with
their many branches reaching
out as feeders for the trunk lines.
The new Pacific Great Eastern
Railway, soon to be completed,
adds a strong link in
railways providing transportation
facilities hitherto unequalled in
the history of western development.
Seldom indeed has there been
presented to the homeseeker the
opportunities that are now being
offered in Canada's Pacific province, and no part of the province
has more to offer than the Prince
George District.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion,
in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Al- j
berta, the Yukon Territory, the
North-Went Territories and in a por-J
tion of the Province of British Co-'
lumbia, may be leased for a term of,
twenty-one years at an annual rental1
of $1 an acre. Not morc than 2,6001
acres will be leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be
made by the applicant in person toj
thc Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which thc rights applied for:
are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must!
be desoribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for
shall be staked out by the applicant
Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are
not available, but not otherwise. A
royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of
live cents per ton.
The person operating the mine
shall furnish the Agent with sworn
returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and
pay the royalty thereon. If the coal
mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at
least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining rights only, but the lessee may
be permitted to purchase whatever
available surface rights may  be con-
a phalrt nf i sidered necessary for the working of
_ mam ui ithe mine at the ratg of ?1000 an acre
For full information application
should be made to the Secretary of
the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent
of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of thc Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorized publication of
this advertisement will not be paid
No labor union has ever been
organized that could regulate the
wages of sin.
The great trouble in taking a
chance is that you can't always
put it back where you found it.
The citizens of South Fort George
will take notice that any refuse or
manure is to be hauled to the new
dumping ground beyond the cemetery,
west of South Fort George, as the
old ground has been taken over by the
city of Prince George.
All   scavenger   work   outside   of
Prince George limits is to be done by
the government scavenger.
By order,
Sanitary Inspector.
for COAL or WOOD
of all kinds and sizes for every Kitchen
We are exclusive agents for the famous
are right.
We are allowing a special 10 per cent,
discount on every article in our stores.
Orders will be taken at our Prince George
Yard as well as at our store at South.
Remember the 10 per cent. CASH Discount.
W. F. COOKE, Prei.
c. e. Mclaughlin, & mur.
Danforth & Mclnnis,
Contractors & Builders
Got Our Estimates Free of Charge
Job Work Neatly and Promptly Executed
Phone ae
The Prince George
a_»m_t__tm__ti»_tf_»a. *____*•-»«_»_
To Any Address
in Canada
•THE HERALD is approaching
its fifth birthday and is now
the oldest established newspaper
in the district. It is widely circulated throughout the Cariboo
district. In order to add to its
wide circulation it will be offered
for a limited time only at One
Dollar per year.
The Herald intends to make
a special feature of the news of
our own district, and the city of
Prince George. We want to place
it in every home in New Cariboo,
hence this offer.
Agents Wanted.
Agents can make big money
soliciting subscriptions for The
Herald on the cash commission
basis. The offer is a generous
one, and will be fully explained
to those interested. Call at our
office for particulars.
_iiaoua .jauoaaaa_*6a
Office - - George Street. be held this evening in the store building opposite the Northern Lumber
Company's lumber yard, Third avenue:
for the purpose of organizing a local
union of the Uniteil Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners of America.
Mr. L. M. Gower and wife left recently for the Peace River country,
where Mr. Bower is largely interested
in agricultural lands, coal lands and
mineral lands. The trip was made by
launch to Giscombe Portage. From
Summit Lake a canoe will carry the
party the rest of the way. Mr. Bower
is an old pioneer in this district and
has covered the country in the north
ern parts of the province probably
more thoroughly than any other man,
This is the lirst time Mrs. Bower has
accompanied her husband north, and
it will no doubt prove an interesting
trip for her.
The dance given in the Ritts-Kifer
hall last Friday night hy the Prince
(ieorge Lacrosse Club was one of the
most enjoyable of the season. Had
the Quesnel visitors been here as exported the largo hall would have been
taxed to its capacity to hold the crowd.
Though disappointed in not having
the scheduled game with Quesnel, the
local boys are going ahead with arrangements for games later on in the
Don't forget the Red Cross Society
picnic to be held on Saturday afternoon, tho 10th, on thc island at the
foot of George street. An admission
fee of 25 cents will be charged and
the proceeds will be used to further
the work of the society,
The Prince George customs office
has been moved from the Russell block
to the store recently occupied by
Ge.orge Cottingham, the druggist,
which business is now located on Third
Mr. and Mrs. Neville Montgomery
were passengers on yesterday's steamer, the "B.X." The well-known Prince
George barrister and his bride made
the trip from Vancouver, where they
were recently married, to this point
over the famous Cariboo road, which
should indeed prove an interesting
wedding trip. Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery are today receiving congratulations and good wishes from all sides.
They will reside in the Wesley bungalow in the Millar Addition.
Be a Big Success
Arrangements Made and Committees Appointed at Public
Meeting Last Night.
A hold-up in this fair community!
Prince George and her sister towns
have been very fortunate in having
had very little trouble with hold-ups
or burglars. However, early yesterday morning two Finlanders found
themselves staring down revolver barrels and were asked to turn over their
good money promptly. One hundred
and twenty dollars was gathered in
from the two gentlemen, and today
three suspects are being held pending
investigation. Circumstances in the
case would lead to the belief that the
relief gang were acquainted with the
doings of the victims.
The public schools of this district
will close on June 20. Arrangements
are being made to hold a picnic for
the scholars. It is hoped that before
the regular fall school term arrives
tho scholars will find themselves
housed in a fine new school. The government has promised to build two
new schools, and it is the wish of the' on
local trustee board that a four-room' week
school  should  be built in  Block  178 wise,
At a meeting held in the Princess
theatre last night to arrange plan9
for the holding of a Dominion Day
celebration In Prince George, over
150 enthusiastic citizens were present. The meeting was called to order
by Mayor Gillett, who stated the reasons for the calling of the meeting,
and proposed that a chairman be selected. Mr. Wilson moved that His
Worship be made chairman, which
motion was seconded and carried.
After discussing the matter, the following executive committee was appointed:
President, Mayor Gillett.
Vice-president, W. F. Cooke.
Secretary-treasurer, Alderman Ellis.
Additional members of executive
committee, Mr. P. E. Wilson and Mr.
J. H. Johnson.
This committee will look after the
affairs of thc different sub-committees in a general way, and will cooperate with the city council in all
matters pertaining to the obtaining of
such assistance as can be rendered by
A finance committee was appointed
as follows: Mr. Porter (chairman),
Alderman Ruggies and Mr. James
A sports committee was also appointed as follows: Mr. A. W. Wright
(chairman), Messrs. McLeod, Mclnnis, Boehner, L. Walker, Wimble,
Westoby, Jones, Armstrong and
On the publicity committee are
Messrs. Hartford, Daniell, Quinn and
the clergymen of the different denominations representd in this district—Reverends Sheppard, Wright,
Morrison, Justice and Father Rivet.
A grounds and decorations committee was appointed, consisting of the
following: Mr. Butler, Sr. (chairman), Messrs. Byers, J. H. Smith,
Holling and R. Walker.
The enthusiasm of the meeting
augurs well for the complete success
of the celebration. Not a dissenting
voice was raised in opposition to any
of the plans proposed. Mayor Gillett
stated that the question of obtaining
free teams for work on the new recre-'
ation grounds at Duchess Park had
been taken up with the Team Owners'
Association, and that organization has
offered to donate the use of all teams
for one day. As there are over twenty
team owners in this association this
liberal assistance will go a long way
towards fixing up the ball grounds at
the park. There will be about} two
acres available for the purpose, and
the work will be rushed to completion,
so that everything will be in readiness
for the ball game to be played on the
first of July.
A list of names of those willing to
give their personal services free will
be posted at the temporary city hall,
and it is hoped that every citizen will
do his best to aid the good work in
every way possible.
The finance committee, which has
charge of all money matters in connection with the celebration, will
solicit subscriptions, etc. The chairman of this committee wishes to state
that the citizens will be approached
this matter early in the coming
Any aid, financial or other-
that will assist in making the
not grow anything ought to visit Ed. | Judge Kobertson presiding,
Hardy's ranch. There they will find, the County Court, held in the
50 acres under cuitivation-18 acres are Government buildings, will be in
planted in oats and the balance in session on Monday next. The
potatoes and mixed vegetables.  The; principal cases of the docket are
versatile Ed. has accomplished wonder- ' as follows :
ful things.   What with his 50 acres     Edmonton City Dairy versus
cultivated, 70 acres fenced,  his large | G. C, and E. C. Middaugh.
house and barn, 5 miles of roads, he is
no longer in the pre-empting class.
Mr. and Mrs. Tiemeyer, and
Mm. A. K. Bourchier spent last week
end with friends on the Giscombe road.
Dr. Alward, and Mr. Duncan of the
Union Bank, were visitors at McMillan
Creek Ranch, last Sunday.
D. F. M. Perkins vs. Bank of
British North America.
J. G. McMurray versus W. G.
Peter Pappas  versus  Joseph
P. Burns & Co., Ltd., versus
M. C. McAuley.
John Greenwood versus John
(ieorge H. Harris versus J. E.
Mr. George Snell,   road superinten- rn  Armstrong
dent, took a trip of inspection over the      jonn Dawson vs. E. E. Phair
Giscombe road, on Tuesday.   It is evident that Mr. Snell  intends  to make ■•-» _ »*   -i o      .:«„
Present Mail Service
this an Al road. ,    ,       ,
Is Inadequate
The much-appreciated improved train service which has just
gone into effect offers no improvement in the local mail service. Prince George was without mail from last Saturday night
until last night's train arrived,
The Chief Lake road gang are eer- A modem, incorporated city,
tainly doing a fine job on the Chief with a transcontinental railroad
Mr. Wright, of the Wright Investment Co., took a party of prospective
buyers out to his property on Salmon
River, this week. We understand Mr.
Wright is selling a few tracts of land
and it is a pleasure to know they are
all bonafide farmers who are buying.
Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccos, at Wholesale and Retail,
Stationery, Magazines, Newspapers, Confections, ancl
Toilet Articles.
Fort George Drug Co., Ltd.
Laselle Avenue, South Fort George.   ::   George Street, Frince George.
Lake Road.
What do you know ? Mr. Vic. Williams of the Kennedy, Blair Co., has
obtained a homestead on the Chief Lake
Ernie Thompson, the well - known
tailor of Prince George, is working
hard felling suits for a grub stake.
When he attains a grub stake it is
Chief Lake for Ernie and felling trees.
without mail for five days!
Rather laughable, if not a glaring imposition. Mails from the
east will now arrive [here Thursday and Sunday nights. We are
almost as badly off for mail service as before we had a railroad.
Although Prince (leorge has advertised herself to the ends of
the world as a coming city of
importance, very little impression
must have been made upon
provincial and dominion authori-
Ai. Young took his car to McMillan ■ ties, judging by the neglect
Creek Ranch a few days ago. Al was j noticable in matters of impor-
surprised to see the road in such a | tance, such as mail-service, rail-
good condition.   He described it as being just like a boulevard.
Mexican Indians Beyond Control.
way station, etc. With three
trains a week each way it is
strange indeed if we must submit to the wretched mail-service
| about to go into effect.
Big Value
At our Fifth Avenue store we are offering
the biggest bargains in men's clothing, underwear, shirts, shoes, etc., ever offered in Prince
George. Our goods bear the stamp of superior
quality and our prices are cut in half.   ::   :;   ;;
In   the   rear   of the  Kin*
Georce Hotel. Fifth Avenue
Small Price
and a two-room school in Block 21)8,' celebration a success will be gladly
Millar Addition. Negotiations arc j accepted, and it is hoped that there
now being carried on in an effort to will be a liberal response.
have these schools completed as soon
as possible.
This is the first 1st of July for the
newly   incorporated   city   of  Prince
George,  and,  despite  present  condi-
Extermination of all canines? Shall, tions, there is no doubt but that the
Prince George be a dogless city?   The'citizens   will   arrange   a   celebration
council's omission of a dog tax from; that will reflect great credit upon the
their list of licenses to be imposed; hnby city.
augurs ill for your favorite purp. Bet-
Douglas, Ariz., June 10.—So far as
Sonora, Mexico, is concerned, President Wilson's warning to the Mexican
chiefs to join in the establishment of
peace, is not expected to have much
effect, for the reason that the Yaqui
Indians are beyond all control and
have proclaimed an independent government of their own. What the
United States will do in their case is
a matter of curiosity to Mexican leaders of all factions, who are wholly
unable to cope with them. For thirty
years prior to the outbreak of the
Madero revolt in 1911, Sonora was
more or less under military law, owing to the turbulence of the Yaquis,
who had been despoiled'of their rich
lands in the Yaqui valley on the west
coast of Mexico by Diaz.
The lands have passed in large
areas into the hands of Americans
and other foreigners. Revolutionary
leaders of various political affiliations have won temporarily the support of the Yaquis by promises of the
restoration of the lands. As fast as
they failed to redeem these promises
the Yaquis turned against them. The
last man they supported was Jose
Maytorena, governor of Sonora, and
Villa leader. Lately the Indians rebelled against him, set up an independent nation and declared war on
all Mexicans.
ter tie the little bull outside—in a
secret corner of the garden, before
the heartless city fathers decide    to
Twenty-two Austrians and Germans
who have been working in the mines
at Cumberland, and three loggers at
put all the rat-exterminators hors de|Comox' have llCcn ,al<en '" charge by
combat. I the police of that district and  will be
sent to Vernon for internment.
n thc recent fire at Hope damage
the extent of .$.'!5,000 was done.
Mr. II. II. Stevens, M.P., has received a telegram from Sir Robert.
Borden, denying as ridiculous thc re
According to latest reports M,
C. Wiggins, the well - known
Prince George citizen is developing into an exceptionally accomplished piscatorial artist. If Ike
Walton, of lamented memory,
had anything on "Wigg," we
have to be shown. Word has
just come from Stuart Lake,
where Messrs. Wiggins and Close
are summer resorting (having
been lured there by the glaring
inducements offered by Norman
Wesley's Stuart Lake resort) to
tbe effect that the latest catch
totaled 40 pounds, with one 14-
pounder in the bunch. We should
feel inclined to place an interro-
ation mark after that 14-pounder
affair if the information had not
been forwarded to the Herald by
a reliable press agent. It is
understood Mr. Wiggins has
made the statement that if this
metropolis does not hold out enticing inducements he will shake
its dust from his feet for ever
and spend his declining years on
the shores of beautiful Stuart
ing an investigation into the | port circulated in some quarters that
cause of the recent accident in Van- the Premier had been endeavoring to
couver when several firemen were; prevent the return to the Old Country
killed as a result of the collision of two I °f unemployed mechanics. Two hn-
fire-wagons, it is proposed to lav out p _.rial     K0Vl'.nl,n!'nt     representatives
,i„f>ne'i_ _  f ,. .v,„   rep       s Iwho »rc touring Canada investigating!
definite routes for the different wag-1industr|al   and   economic   conditions'
avoiding nny recur-
serlous accident.
arc scheduled to reach Vancouver thc
third week in June to enquire into the
local situation with a view to ta' ing
,.  ,, .. ,,  , iup the proposal to provide transpor-
light snowfall last winter in tatlon for skilled workmen whose sor-
the mountains has resulted in unusu-1 vices could be utilized in the Old Coun-
ally low water in the Fraser river so ™7'
this spring
oub to use, thut
rence of such a
river so
far this spring. At Mission Bridge
yesterday the depth registered was
10 feet U inches, which is the lowest
Thc  Panama  News Stands  on
(leorge Street, I'rince (leorge,   and
for June 2 since the public works do- Hamilton Street, Soutii FortGeorge
partment commenced keeping records! 'lftVP •v.0llr N°me Newspapers, also
many years ago. Some few days ago Magazines, Cigars, Cigarettes and
11 feet 8 inches was registered. At'Smlfft<' Y(lU wi" li'1'1 there, too, a
tho time of tho highest water on rec- complete lino of Stationery. We
ord in 189.4 the gauge showed slightly,!U'1' "I'-to-date in everything. .
over 19 feet nt Mission. j TllK Panama  Nkws Co.
P. BURNS & CO. Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in all Kinds of
Fresh and Cured Meats.
South Fort George  ::  Prince George :: Central Fort George
Phone 3• Phone 7 Phone 38
Highest Prices Paid for Hides and Live Stock
Fort George Hardware Co.
Sheet Metal.   Furnaces a Specialty.
Plumbing, Steam an* Hot Water
PhnilAC   No> ' S°UTH   FORT  QEORGE.
niuucs No, laLpRiNCE geo
G. T. P. R.
Edmonton - Prince George
Prince Rupert
No. 1
West Bound
Leave Edmonton TueHdays and Fridays 10-85 p.m.
- Arrive I'rince George Wednesdays & Saturdays S 00 p.m.
Leave    ,, ,, „ ,, H-1 .r> ..
Arrive Prince Kupert Thursdays and Sundays  6-80 p.m.
No. 2 Leave Prince Rupert Wednesdays and Saturdays 10 a.m.
Easl Bound- Arrive I'rince (JcWgo Thursdays and Sundays 8-80 a.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,,        8-.6 ,.
Arrive Edmonton Fridays and Mondays 8-00 a.m.
Travel via thc
Our AgentB will he pleased to furnish any
information desired.
DiHlrict Puascnircr Anient,
Winnipeg. Mun.
a a


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