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Fort George Herald 1915-01-23

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VOL. 5. NO. 21t
victoria, a, q
Central Fort George
Holds Incorporation Meeting
^__^ v m# <ygp?     ^m*ww% www*p-%
Pat Burns Says
Fritz van Deusen
Canada is Lucky       Taken_'°Kaml,ops
Having bolted the agreed joint
meeting to be held with Prince
Oeorge property holders byre-
fusing to attend the adjourned
meeting of January 13th, the
residents of Central Fort George
gathered at the Princess Theatre
on Central Ave., Monday night,
and by a vote of 54 to 1 adopted
a resolution to petition the Provincial Government to incorporate a small portion of Prince
George and a large portion of
Central Fort George.
In this way the minority again
hope to control and force the
greater number of citizens and
property va'ues to include them
in with the incorporation of the
Prince (leorge townsite.
The action of the Central Fort
(leorge people again demonstrates the opposite motives that
posesses the residents of the extreme ends of the greater City
of the Georges, which we all
hope to see some day.
South Fort George people meet
and discuss the merits of the
case from the standpoint of the
benefit of the whole and decide
it is not good business in the
interest of all that they should
handicap Prince (leorge by their
being tacked on to their incorporated area at this time. Neither is it good for South Fort
(ieorge. So they voluntarily
Fort George, on the contrary,
not only insists on being incorporated with Prince George but
seeks to cut Prince George into
an area approximately less than
half its area and to take the lion
share of it for themselves. And
from what can be picked up in
the arguments used, it would
appear that not a single business
reason for the action has been
made that will stand the light of
calm convincing argument.
The Fort George townsite has
been a forced proposition from
its inception. It has been foisted
upon the public and held there
by sheer force of a payroll which
in the end has reduced it to a
negligent quantity. Its people,
if left to themselvas, would come
out of their difficulties just as
the entire area will win out; but
we venture to make the prediction that by going into incorporation at thia time they are putting a load about their business
prosperity that they will not recover from in years. Whereas,
it' they will do as South Fort
George has done, wait a more
propitious time for the inclusion
of their area in the greater city,
they will reap the benefits of
such action in one half the time,
Some of the residents of that
end of the city have voiced their
disagreement in private of the
move to incorporate at this time.
Why do they say one thing in
private and another in public?
Why do they not follow their
own wisdom and its pointings?
In Central Fort George there are
good business men as is indicated
by these reports.
The records of the Prince
George Chamber of Commerce
show a wabbling, non-steadfast
action of two of the committee
mittee and    takes    one   with
him.      Notwithstanding     that .,„.*„,.
On the night of the meeting during the horrors of
,,„      ...     .    , i    Having been held for trial at
| Everything is alright.  We're j the inquest held last week, Frit.
mighty lucky to be as well off as van  Deusen,
we are.   We might easily be en- of Job
German Air Raid On Norfolk, England.
Many Casualties and Damage to Property.
„i« .....6 «... eeunuioui. war on thejranch north of the Nechaco the
of the Prince George property; battlefield instead of being per-1 week
holders  when it was   *-J l   	
London, Jan. 23rd.   Daily Mail's Correspondent says
the alleged slayer " strong forces of Hungarian troops are proceeding to
Vermilion ayheir^oint Bukowjna ^.^ by w&y flf fift.^ tQ
previous,   was   taken   rn I invasion.
arrest the Russian
that Central Fort Oeo^?^|^o.^^J^^!!!y .b/„A5istant- Chief!       Lonclon' Jan" 23rd.-Copenhagan despatch says "Ger
would attend as they had agreed,
and after they had sat up all the
previous night, it is said, to pre-
much to complain about.
Refreshing   as    the
; Constable
'' morning's
McGuffie on Sunday man destroyers and submarines left Helligoland, and news
train, via Edmonton, from many sources in Germany, points to fleet becoming
Before leaving,   van  Deusen, !more active
  -     , which blow over his ranches in although given legal caution as: ■_..'■, n s- j.u •   i •
pare the evidence of right to vote Ithe West came these words Df in his previous sfatements   in-1       Amsterdam.-Germans continue  to remove their big
only to find they were so far to j optimism and cheer from Mr. Isisted on writing to his father in &uns from 0stend to "°yet- Tvvo 28 centimetre guns were
the rear that it was impossible j pat  Burns,   Canada's    "
to make the fail wag the
wag the dog, j "cattle \ung.^^^^^^^m
and hence staid away altogether, "What can we expect but a jmilion, alleging however that it
this other Prince George Com- j little discomfort when the great- was done by accident.
mitteeman on Joint Incorporation j est war ever known is raging?" j The authorities had no difficul-
seconded the motion to incorpo-1 continued Mr. Burns. "This i ty to get a statement from the
rate Prince George alone, cutting | country, as a part of the British | prisoner. Although legally cautioned as to his rights, he made
various statements regarding the
Van Deusen will Le put on
trial at the spring assizes in
May, at Kamloops.
famous Amsterdam, Holland, acknowl-i transferred to the coast near Hoyet. These changes taken
edging that he had killed Ver-; indicate that in case Allies advance along coast, no defence
m,i,_„ „n__:„_ u  ...-. - 'wj]j ke attempted in present positions before Ostend, but
that the Germans will fall
out the western  portion along
Fraser Avenue and the southern
Empire,   is at war to just the
same extent as England, yet we
portion of the Millar Division, j hardly realize it. Because busi-
which motion included the dis-j ness is a little dull we go about
solution of the Joint Incorpora- j growling. We are mighty lucky,
tion Committee and a larger and I can tell you - we might all be
new committee for Prince* 'ieorge. 'digging trenches; then we would
But here we find him tak- have something to complain a-
ing    another      hand     spring bout.
and    landing    in   the     fold,;    "The business outlook ?   Why,
supporting   a    resolution    five j that's alright,   The country is
nights  after to cut the Prince
George area he voted to incorpo
rate Prince (ieorge on the Joint
Incorporation Committee that is
nothing short of marvelous in
gymnastic feats of getting on all
aides of the question; no wonder
the people of Prince George lost j should be no difficulty — in
confidence in its committee.       iof all  the evidence and
rate in half and tack on his old
love, the western end of the
town. What can be said of such
vacillating actions!
How is it possible for the people at large to put confidence in
such insincere trimming and
juggling and ever allow these
men to lead in this fair
city to be. If such men ever
were to gain a foothold in the
councils of the local government
after such exhibitions, the people would deserve what was
coming to them.
There can be no doubt, the
people are hopelessly divided;
the ruling on the station site
matter given by the Railway
Commission enraged 75 per cent,
of the people to the point of unspeakable indignation, and confidence in that tribunal is shaken
to its foundations. If the Provincial Government dares to
override in the incorporation
question the same majority and
accept any area other than the
centre of the town as wished for
by the people and allows this
heavy load from the west to
wreck the future of this city,
there will surely be a day of
reckoning. We regret the necessity of such strong terms,
but it were well to warn the
Government who are not as
closely in touch with the Interior
situation as they ought to be
that the limit of patience and of
endurance of the pioneers of this
great centre of British Columbia
is badly strained. It were better
to take heed of friends within
than enemies without.
The Government has had its
cue given by the great majority
of the people as to what they
want. Business judgment backs
it up. The financial condition of
the world will be an assistance
to them in deciding that the
majority are right,
Prince tleorge has been left
free to incorporate by South
Fort George who was the first to
apply for that coveted honor,
but was refused. The changed j
conditions and present necessities I Newfoundland coe
are too strong to be ignored.
And South FortGeorge having
voluntarily withdrawn, there
Prince Rupert Petitions Government re Fishing Question
The following are the concessions desired;
Kl, That the fishing boats of
There is only one thing the mat- j American registry be allowed to
ter with Canada- there are too I sell or dispose of their cargoes of
just as good as ever it was.
There are as many fish in the
sea, as much timber and mineral
as ever— we haven't scratched
our resources as yet, so what is
there to be downhearted about?
One man'B success often spells failure
for another.
many people in the cities. They
must give up the notion of making money from one another and
get out and go to work. That
will prove the salvation of this
country, for the people to realize
fish at a Western Canadian port
of entry, to be held in bond and
shipped via Canadian railways to
a United States port of entry.
2. That fishing boats of American registry be allowed to enter
thatthe true basis of permanent!any Western Canadian port of
prosperity is work. entry and purchase fresh, frozen
"They had a good wheat crop'or salt herring, to be used for
last year on the prairies, they bait, and such other ship stores
are getting higher prices than and supplies as may be necessary
ever before, and the new crop;for a fishing trip,
will be the largest in the history j The following are our reasons
of the country,  if all goes well, j why petition should be granted:
I am not a bit gloomy over the
outlook, and I have perhaps as
much at stake in this Western
country as most people.
"The war, I am sure, will
work to the ultimate advantage
of all of us if it rids us, as I believe it will, of that craze for all
things artificial, reflected in hobble skirts, tango teas and other
forms of silly dissipation which
seize and possess a foolish people
in times when money is easily
made in the many forms of speculation. We have got to be
more thrifty and practice more
self-denial from now on, and we
will be better men and women
for it."
One of these two committee
m,n  fathers a   resolution   last | cipalities -- for the Government
to also drop Central Fort George
and begin in the centre, at
Prince George, to build a city
that will not in after years return to plague them by its weight
of insolvency, which has been
tne result of all similar attempts.
summer to incorporate Prince
George alone. His four companions follow him. But now
his brand of politics moves him
to court support from the west
e"d of the town. He leaves
three of the Prince George corn-
covering what is best, for muni-
It is proposed to develop the boneless cod industry on tha Pacific
coast, for it is believed there is a
field for this industry on the Pacific.
While imi yet prepared fully de
disclose the methods proposed to be
adopted tn secure tho raw material,
steps have heen tnken to secure a
plentiful supply of the raw material
delivered at the southern end nf
Vancouver Island at rates which
will compete favourably in the
United States market, It is also
proposed to charter a vessel in .March
and sail to the hanks, bringing
material hack in a green state for
preparation and dispatch to the
desirable markets.
One feature which the marketed
ins, and whieh
is essential In :i good market, is tho
quality of being sun ilried. This
portion of the Islam
vantage on account
range of temperature
has tlmt ftd-
of thc small
  Bud the number of sunny days. This Section
has only one rival on tho coast, of
ihe province. Backing has already
been promised in Vanoouver,
Information which lias been secured from the principal fish brokers
in Chicago assures a market for the
product in competition with the best
Newfoundland cod, and the certain
sale of the produce first packed, as
soon as it is ready.
1. That we have within a rea
sonable radius of Prince Rupert
the greatest supply of deep water
food fish, the most important of
which are halibut and cod,
2. Prince Rupert, owing to its
being the terminus of the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway, is in a
far better position than any other
Pacific Coast city to successfully
handle this immense business.
3. The development of the industry at Prince Rupert will no
doubt be met by strong opposition from our American neighbors.
4. The development of Prince
Rupert as a great fishing point,
of fish not only caught in Canadian but Alaskan waters, will
benefit both Canadian and American fishermen,
5. The harbor of Rupert and
adjacent bays, in the proper season, are literally filled with herring, which is the natural bait
for catching all sea fish, and
Prince Rupert is in a position to
supply Canadian and American
fishermen with bait, at attractive
prices, for the carrying out of
the deep sea fisheries.
6. If the American fishermen
are allowed to come to Prince
Rupert to purchase bait and dispose of their fish, the natural
result would be that they would
also buy the necessary supplies
for a fishing trip,
7. The greatest tangible asset
Prince Rupert has is the fishing
industry, and this asset is capable of extensive development
which will add to our wealth and
the upbuilding of the entire
back nearly to the border of
London.—Everywhere the disposition seems to be
awaiting the coming of spring when with fresh armies
thrown into the field, things promise to move more quickly.
Great Britain is now sending thousands of men to France
St. Die, Department of Vosages, France—A brilliant
exploit by French Alpine troops, who charged on skis down
the snow-covered mountain slopes at Bonhomme, a post on
the Alsation frontier, forced the enemy to retire on Orbey,
five miles down the valley of river Weiss toward Colmar.
London.—The Russians are unfolding a new plan of
compaign says Daily Telegraph's Warsaw Correspondent,
and within a month fresh offensive will develop. It will
not be trench fighting but operations particularly suited
to composition of Russian army, cavalry bearing an important share. New plan contemplates operations extending over at least six months.
London.-German Aircraft made threatened raid on
England on Tuesday night of this week, and attempted to
blow up with bombs King's Royal Residence in Sandring-
ham in county of Norfolk. This intention was ill-timed
for King George and Queen Mary with family, who had
been staying at Sandi ingham, had only returned the previous morning to Buckingham Palace. Not definitely
known whether raiders rode zepplins or aeroplanes, but it
was reported that zepplins passed over the North Sea in
westerly direction. Night was calm but very dark and
cloudy. Whir of propellers and droning motors could be
distinctly heard. Zepplin reported to have been brought
down by warship at Hunstanton a few miles north of
Sandringham. Bombs wen dropped Yarmouth, Kings
Lynn, Sandringham, Cromer, Sheeringham ancl Briston.
Everywhere except Briston, casualties
property resulted.
Results of the Fire Department Dance of Jan. 15th.
The ladies'
large of the
irt (leorge 'I
Committee   having
Dance given In the
liealre, January loth
There in in circulation yet another
genial story about the canny Scot, A
Caledonia chicftian won a million pins
in a penny raffle at a bazaar. Three
days later ho called, very wan tnd
weary of aspect.
See here, he said to the bazaar secretary,   I've  counted  them.   They're I the  best
three short. 'given yet
report a net result of $95.20,
This is a most gratifying result
for whieh the Fire Warden? and Fire
Committee wish I" express thoir
appreciation. The loud of the lire
department sometimes gets heavy
and burdensome, when expenses
mount up and the funds grow small.
As an example of some of the expenses which few have the opportunity to realize, take the recent
Robarts, Empress, and other fires in
lhe cily.
The Robarts lire alone is estimated
to have cost the people about 8200,
and the Empress lire over $100.
Among other expenses these two
lires en-t live extinguishers lost in
the buildings value 875.00, repairs
to broken equipment, lost equipment and materials used.
Fuel must be provided to keep
the engine houses warm night and
day, so that the machines will not
freeze and be always ready for use.
The salary of a watehman must
be provided to look after these lires
to protect us while wo sleep, and to
keep suspicious characters and careless people from throwing about the
dangerous elements that cause fires,
and it is astonishing how many
thoughtless and careless people there
Hence this $95.20 raised by the
efforts of the ladies of South Fort
(leorge, while burdening no one unduly, aids everybody beyond computation, and affords an evening of
enjoyment to all. Many have been
the words of praise from those who
attended the dance which was voted
the   "Old Town"   has
tnd   damage to
e in Italy
Many Towns
Rome.—Rescue and relief work
is being pushed with feverish
haste in the earthquake-stricken
districts of Italy, Thousands of
soldiers are digging out and
burying the victims and earing
for the survivors. The need of
the latter, of whom there are
thousands upon thousands, homeless and generally penniless, is
urgent, and the people, from the
King down, are doing all possible
to alleviate their condition. The
cold weather, which continues,
adds to the terrible suffering.
Temporary buildings of wood
are being erected as fast as possible to house the homeless.
The list of dead, from what is
known so far, will total 20,000.
Twice that number were injured.
Eighteen towns and villages
were destroyed, thirteen others
are left with scarcely a building
standing, ancl twelve more have
suffered lesser damage,
Avezanno, with a population
of about 10,000, is completely
ruined; every house is down and
[only three stables remain intact.
! Eighteen persons were taken
alive from the ruins three days
after being buried by thirty feet
of debris. The town is described
as a great cemetery.
WANTED-To purchase Lot in I'rince
George, close-in, five minutes from
George Street, for residence, must be
cheap. -Apply Herald Office or write
| P. 0. Box 90, Prince George. P       1'       V give information concerning their
l/3n3u!3Fl  farni6rS imports and exports, and outline
 . the   present  condition,    nnd a
forecast of what the production
is likely to be as a result of the
changed situation. Besides, an
idea would be given of what
lines the United States proposes
giving the closest attention to
this year.
That such informal conferences between agricultural experts
of the West to on the one s'('('> armed with
full statistical information, and
the farmers and stock-raisers on
tbe other, would have the effect
of stimulating production in the'
direction necessary in order that
the special market demands may ;
be satisfied was the opinion of!
Mr. Westervelt. He felt that
such a movement, prosecuted
from the Atlantic to the Pacific,:
could  not fail to  have an im
To show the Canadian farmer
the opportunity that is opened to
him because of the exceptional
conditions brought about by the
war, a campaign is being inaugurated by the Federal Department of Agriculture. Thc movement, as was explained by A. P.
Westervelt at Victoria in the
course of a tour;
make thc preliminary arrangements, is not confined to any one
section or one Province. It will
be carried on throughout the
Dominion simultaneously, continuing from about the second
week in February until the middle of March. The form decided
on is what are termed "conferences." There are to be upwards
of 350 of these, and the principals will be official representatives of the Dominion, the Province and the farmers.
Discussing the ■ project, Mr.
Westervelt said that what was
proposed was something altogether apart from the work already in the hands of the Farmers' Institutes and other such
organizations. What was contemplated was not so much of an
educative as of an informative
character. The idea was to give
the tiller of the soil accurate
knowledge of the lines of produce it was desirable to concentrate upon in view of the demands the war will make on the
agricultural resources of the
country. The position of the
stock breeder also was to be included in the scope of the campaign. To facilitate the explanation of the  situation to the
A Weekly Journal of Local General News, Published
Every Saturday Morning at its Printing
Office in South Fort George.
Price   One Year in Advance   -   -   - $3.00
"      Six iMonths in Advance    -   - 1.75
"      Three Months in Advance    - 1.00
To The United States -   -   - 3.50
paper stopped until all arrearages are paid except at
the option of the publishers.
Twelve  cents per line for the lirst insertion, and eight
cents per line for each subsequent insertion.
For Sale, Lost and Found Ads. minimum charge 50 cents
per insertion, limited to one inch.   Other rates furnished on
Publishers and Proprietors,
South Fort Gf.orge, B. C.
A. TURD AY,   JANUARY,   23 ro,   1915.
North Coast Land Co., Ltd.,
L. R. WALKER, General Agent.
General Business Review.
Dunn's Review of the Business World says:- Several
mensely beneficial effect. The, developments highly significant of the improving tenden-
trouble with the individual far- j cies in business have attended the opening of the new
mer, he believed, was that in|year, wheat at the highest price in sixteen years; ex
only a few instances did he properly realize tbe relation between
his products and the market. If
he is told intelligently tbat all
things  point  to there being a
special  demand for wheat,   or ,^,^_„^,^_,,.,„_,,,_,,,___
oats, or whatever it might bej sign of radical weakness is apparent,
ports not only of the products of the farm, but of a long
list of manufactured articles continue to expand. Reports
from principal trade centers are encouraging, the number
of business failures reflecting recent strain, although no
These statistics are
and that, by producing the spec- j an outgrowth of passing conditions.   Improvement, slow
tZT^ZillZ^^ «»«^ isrei)orW-and °<*imisti<: senti-
that the problem of providing Iment continues to expand.   In a word, after passing —
for what the Allies would most ;from July to December — through nearly every possible
want   in   prosecuting  the   war1 •    '     r   _        _ _ j. i. 1     n il
would be solved, to an extent at I experience of adversity except total collapse, the new year
any rate.    Certainly it would i opens with new confidence and signs of development.
assist the   Canadian farmer, I      gjnce tne beginning of the modern system of credits
whether in a small or a large,.   ,,       .,,,     „ ,,     ,_,,        , ,.        ,       ,
way, to do his utmost,  not only Iin the middle of the 17th centur.V>   there has been a suc"
for himself, but for his country. |cession at regular cycle intervals of financial upheavals,
The campaign in British Col-!but nothing like the violent extent and overwhelming
umbia will be prosecuted under' convulsion of 1915. The commerce of the world demoral-
people, and to give the latter an the supervision of Dr. Tolmie, jze(j. 5,000,000 tons of shipping withdrawn from ocean
opportunity, as well, to obtain a, the Western representative of thoroughfares, were some of the instant results of the war.
direct grasp of the  position, a the Dominion  Livestock Com- _.°      ,. '      ,   , ~      . . ,     .
text book was being prepared by missioner.   He will arrange the       Domestic trade has suffered severe depression; bank
the department.    This   would twenty  or   more  conferences clearings and railroad earnings declined heavily; failures
include,   Mr.   Westervelt   said,. which will be held in the various' multiplied and unemployment increased,
particulars of each of the Euro- agricultural centres.   Dr. Tolmie \       Failures in the United States numbered 18,280 with
pean countries and would deal will be ready to start early in: $357,908,859  liabilities, as against  16,037  in  1913 with
$272,672,288 liabilities.
Failures in Canada were 2898 as against 1719 in 1913
I and 1357 in 1912. 1914 liabilities were $35,045,095 as
jagainst 16,979,406 in 1913.
A particularly unfavorable showing for 1914 is reported for British Columbia, the increase in failures being
only 167 over 1913, but with liabilities of $11,650,670
against only $1,378,564 in 1913. The war caused severe
financial strain on this new and less developed Province;
and while the losses were comparatively heavier, it is expected that recovery will be more rapid and reach greater
proportion than any of the other Provinces, once the
business world renews its progress and the war is settled.
In fact, improvement will commence long before the last
gun is fired. B
No better opportunity ever existed than now to take
advantage of the low values to participate in the future
prosperity of the Province of British Columbia.
Undertaker suid Funeral Director.
Caskets, Funeral Supplies, & Shipping Cases always on band.
Out-of-town calls promptly attended to.
Phone 23 Fort George.
Prince George and Fort George.
fully  with  the   food
 [will be
products' February.
War Cost to Nations
in Five Months
Representative of Japan is on
Tour of Dominion to Study
Resources of this Country
At the end of the old year
statisticians computed that five
months of the greatest war of
history had cost the nations involved 6,0(i0,000 men (killed,
wounded and captured) and
$7,000,000,000. These figures
are subdivided as follows:
Total Casualties.
Great Britain. — 800 officers
killed, 4,000 wounded; 'men,
15,000 killed, 60.000 wounded,
25,000 missing;.
France. -Total casualties,
1,100,000, of whom 180,000 have
been killed.
Russia. Total casualties,
1,800,000, of whom 250,000 have
been killed.
Belgium.—30.000 killed. .58,000
wounded, 35,000 captured.
Servia. -Total casualties, 170,-
000; said by Austria to have been
captured, 80,000.
Germany.—250,000 killed, 850,-
000 wounded, 400,000 missing.
Austria. - Total casualties,
1,500,000, of whom 160, OnO have
been killed.
Financial Cost.
Great Britain. -$22:.,000,000 a
month, or $1,225,000,000 at the
end of the year.
France.—S300.000.00n a month
or a total of $1,500,(100,000.
Russia. -8350,000,000 a month,
a total of $1,750,000,000.
(iermany. - $300,000,ODO a
month, a total of $1,500,000,000
at home, in addition to paying
the expenses of her ally, Turkey.
Austria.--Estimated total,
In addition, all the warring
nations arc said to have lost perhaps as much as they have spent
by the paralyzant) of bommeree
and industry. Owing to this
tremendous cost financial authorities say that the war must end
within the next five months.
" There is room for a larger reciprocal trade between Japan and
Canada, and to assist in enlarging
trade is my mission to this country,"
sniel Mr, A. i'anianouclii, of Tokio,
who is conunencing a Iuur of the
Dominion in tho interests of Nippon's trade and commerce, Although Mr. Yanianouchi speaks
little English ho lias a good grasp of
llie commercial aO'iiii. of his country
and he is n keen observer.
Before starting on his mission he
studied the resources of Canada, and
he says there are marvelous possibilities For larger trade between the
euimlries.   He says that Canada and ,     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Japan both   produce articles which;
the other n Is, and there is a big     Mr. W. P. Riley, the president
opportunity for a greater trade be-1 of  a   large   western   wholesale
grocery company,  called attention in Winnipeg the other day
to  what  is a source of great
If there i.s anywhere on your horizon' weakness in the trade in which
a s|iot of li»;ht, lix your eyes upon it he is concerned.   It applies to
and turn your thoughts away from the1  ..     ,.    ,    ,.  e„, ■„„..  „„ ..,Qn
clouds which may cover the rent of thee Other lines  ol   business  88 Well.
Ono spot of blue is worth a sky- j He finds that a large number of
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George. B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates  $2.50 and $3
Monthly and weekly rate* oa application
Best of wine.
Liiuors and clnn
Albert Johnson, »•».
Just Stop and Think
of the risk and inconvenience <3f burning coal oil.
Why not be up-to-date? Have your house wired,
it costs but a trifle more. Rates on application at
our office - Rooms 7 & 8, Post Building, George
Street, and at the plant, South Fort George. We
have a stock of lamps, shades, fixtures, irons, and
handle all utility devices.
Northern Telephone & Power Co., Ltd.
Electric Light Service and Power Furnished.
House Wiring and Electrical Fixtures of all kinds.
Phone 19- Four Rings, South Kort George.
Phone 10, Prince George.
One Prolific Cause ot Bankruptcy
tween the two.   Canadian articles
are very popular in Japan.
ful of gray
bus been   is:
due for
Russia in norma
\n Imperial ukase
issiicel  fcgarding recruits
ervice in ihe present war.
years pusses annu
ally into her army
700,000 recruits,   '1
only n  portion of
liable  for  service,
registered lo reserve,
ent year the  ukase
something over
bis number is
those  actually
The rest nre
Fur the pros-
orders  lee be
: merchants have been withdrawing money to make real estate
payments. In one case a man
put $1,000 into a small business
a little more than a year ago,
and in the interval has withdrawn $1,500 to apply on property purchases. He also paid all
his current expenses out of the
business and then was surprised
to find that he was in difficulties,
This has been happening all'
over the country and  explains i
      why so many businesses are go-'
summoned to the colors 585,000 re-ling to the wall. Their fate has
emits. [ nothing to do with the general
rt is significant of Russia's con- 'soundness of economic condi-
fidence in the condition of her forces tions, Those who follow these
in this great war thai after six methods must be eliminated, and |
inuiitlis' of fighting such as the1 the sooner this happens the bet-
world bad never seen before, she ter it will be for the country,
deems it limply sufficient in cull up; 	
less than half the number of young    ,,    „  .,   ,    ,   , ,
.     . . llBiiully the Mii'ili'Ht person for a iiiihi
men wine huve attained   Service age  to unilerstiuitl ia himself.
and are liable lo be summoned to
the colors,
To be popular isn't easy unless you
are eusy.
That your competitor will get ahead of you ? He surely will
if you don't keep your name before the people, and let them
know what you have for sale. You'll admit that it isn't
very pleasant, searching for the article one wants, in store
windows this kind of weather, therefore the buyer of to-day
wants to see the kind and price of goods for disposal in
plain figures on paper.
accomplish this, isn't a big task, and it costs very little—A
thousand handbills 12 x 9 inches would cost you only $6.25,
and these properly and regularly distributed would work
wonders, besides lifting you out of the rut of ordinary tradesmen. Perhaps you have forgotten the old motto, "All who
approach the door of success will find it labelled PUSH,"
so why not push your way to the Herald Office and
ADVERTISE? io jure uereai
In a leading editorial the New
York Times said recently:
"Germany is doomed to sure
defeat. Bankrupt in statesmanship, overmatched in arms, under
the moral condemnation of the
civilized world, befriended only
by the Austrian and the Turk,
two backward-looking and dying
nations, desperatly battling a-
prainst the hosts of three great
powers to which help and reinforcement from States now neutral will certainly come should
the decision be long deferred,
she pours out the blood of her
heroic subjects and wastes her
diminishing substance in a hopeless struggle that postponed,
cannot but alter the fatal decree.
"Yet the doom of the (lerman
Empire may become the deliverance of the German people if
they will betimes but seize and
hold their own.
"Leipsic began and Waterloo
achieved the emancipation of the
French people from the bloody,
selfish and sterile dominion of
the Corsican ogre. St. Helena
made it secure. Sedan sent the
little Napoleon sprawling and
the statesmen of France instantly established and proclaimed the
Republic. Will the Germans
blindly insist on having their
Waterloo, their Sedan — their
St. Helena, too?
"A million Germans have been
sacrificed, a million German
homes are desolate. Must other
millions die and yet other millions mourn before the people of
Germany take in the court of
reason and liberty their appeal
from the Imperial and military
caste that rushes them to their
"They have their full justification in the incompetence and
failure of theit'."rulers. German
diplomacy and^German militarism have broken down.
"The world cannot,Twill not
let i.ermany win in this war.
With her dominating 'in Europe,
peace and security would vanish
from the earth. A few months
ago the world only dimly comprehended Germany; now it
knows her thoroughly. So if
Britain, France and Russia cannot prevail against her, Italy
with her two millions; the sturdy
Hollanders; the Swiss—hard men
in a fight; the Danes, the Greeks
and the men of the Balkans will
come to their aid and make sure
that the work is finished, once
for all,
"For their own peace and
safety the nations must demolish that towering structure of
militarism in the centre of Europe that has become the world's
danger spot, its greatest menace.
"The only possible ending of
the war is through the defeat of
Crop Prospects
In the annual review of business conditions, compiled by the
heads of the Canadian Bank of
Commerce in the different provinces and in England, V. C.
Brown, superintendent of central western branches, has contributed some interesting information,
"The necessary readjustment
of business, following a reduction of building operations of all
kinds in 1913 and the first half
of 1914, from abnormal to normal figures, had been readily
met by the commercial interests,
In a newly settled community,
however, the normal volume of
construction work is proportionately much greater than in older
communities, and consequently
the complete cessation of such
work all over Canada at the outbreak of the war has borne on
the west with special severity.
On the other hand, the west is
the home of very few manufacturing industries which are hard
hit by the war, and, had it not
been for a partial crop failure,
the advantage as to business
conditions in the situation ere
ated by the war would probably
have rested with the west.
Total Crop Estimates.
"Our estimate  of  the   total
crop, prepared from complete re
ports obtained after the results
of threshing  were  known,   is
given below together with the
figures of the previous year:
1913 1914
Wheat - - 182,000.000 140,261,000
Oati - - - 220,000,000 144,437,000
Barley - - 45,00,1,000 35,763,000
Flax   -   -   -     14,000,000        5,738,000
"The relative values of the two
seasons' crops to the farmers,
deducting requirements for seed,
are indicated by the following
1913 1914
- $106,732,300 $122,832,700
- 49,805,500 60,556,400
- 10,440,000 5,331,400
13,205,000 16,728,000
$180,182,800   $205,449,300
Tourist-You huve an unusually large
acreage of corn under cultivation. Do
nut the crows annoy you a great deal ?
1''armer-Oh, not to any extent.
Tourist—That's peculiar, considering
Jim have no scarecrows.
Farmer—oh, well, you see, I'm out
hero a good part of the time myself,
To live for our own happiness is never
to know what true happiness means.
-Rev. George Lunn.
Brltlah Columbia  Land  Snrveyo'
Land Auout      Timber Cruiser
Itoprmen ting GOKE & MoOREGOR, Limited
McGregor Building, Third Street, SOUTH
Architect and Civil Engineer
Temporary Oflice :
Curner Vancouver and Eighth Streets,
f',9 .TO ll.C. Victoria, B.C.
' • r. .Bunion, Mirr. F. C. Green, Mgr.
Neleiieii, II.C., A. IC. Groen, Mgr.
Green Bros., Burden & Co.
M folimri, Domiuioi S B. C. Uad Sunttm
s" . cn of Landu, Mines, Towntltes. Timber
  Limits, Ete.
Oats -
Flax -
"Notwithstanding the partial
crop failure in the past season, a
pronounced feeling of optimism
prevails among most of the farming community. An unusually
early harvest, followed by a
lengthy period of open weather,
permitted farmers to do an enormously greater amount of fall
ploughing than usual, and our
reports indicate that the total
acreage under crop in 1915 will
The Grand Trunk Pacilic Railway
although only opened for through
traffic to the Pacific Coast during
the last few months, has already-
established an enviable reputation
for the excellence of its transcontinental service and the grandeur of
its mountain scenery.
Each day brings the officials of
the line a budget of letters from
travellers telling of thoir high appreciation of this new trail through
the Yellowhead Pass to Prince
Rupert, Mr. Philip Orr, one of
Western Canada's best known business men, wrote the other day, " It
affords me great pleasure to tell you
very candily, that I enjoyed my return trip from the Coast over the
G. T. P. far more than I can express, and I do not have to make
any allowance or deduction for the
service. 1 had elegant weather, line
service, and we made splendid time.
I could not make any suggestions
thai would improve the comfort of
the travelling public at the present
Mr..). A. Hodgson, Toronto, after
a trip westward to Prince Rupert
and thenee down the coast, through
the "Norway of America," to Vancouver on the S.S. "Prince George"
said he had been many times across
the Alps, and had crossed America
on other transcontinental railways,
hut had never had liner service than
he received on the Grand Trunk
Pacilic. The view of Mount Robson
the highest peak in the Canadian
Rockies, from the train, was one of
the finest pieces of scenery he knew
of and was alone worth a trip from
the East.
■•VII     HIV     IIIU     JIM* J   1JI1U
Position In Germany; Ammunition Shortages;   Fighting
Now For Terms.
be at least 16 per cent, greater .___^_^^^^^^^^_
than in thc past season, which! into effect on Apr, 1 next after
represents an increase from 20,- "     '   '    ' "-1 l- '-■
334,854 to 2:1,588,430 acres. The
conditions as to moisture is in
nearly every district reported as
being either "never better" or
"never so good" and our managers appear to be unanimous in
the opinion that, profiting by the
sharp lessons of the past two
seasons, most farmers have done
better work than heretofore in
the preparation of their land for
"If, therefore, we should be
fortunate enough to harvest even
an average crop next season, the
total yield would reach figures,
the mention of which at this
juncture would have the appearance of exaggeration. During
the past year or two, farmers
have been pursuing a policy of
close economy and retrenchment,
and with the satisfactory grain
prices which now appear to be
assured, the money results of a
normal crop would almost suffice
to clean up their floating liabilities, and to create a purchasing
power in the west greater than
ever before,
"In order, however, to establish our agriculture industry
permanently on a profitable footing, some more effective means
must be found than now exist of
inducing the well intentioned and
industrious element of the farming community to adopt approved
operations with some stock raising in all districts suited to the
latter industry."
A remarkable article appears in
the Daily Telegraph from the pen
of an American lately in Berlin.
The writer, after reviewing the position of the Germans in the western
theatre of the war, goes on to indicate a possible termination of the
struggle after June next, owing'to
the exhaustion of Germany's supplies of ammunition,
In my opinion, Germany has very-
large supplies of men to keep the
war going for an indefinite period.
I do not believe there will be any
collapse in her credit or finances
during the struggle. There is absolutely no shortage of food supplies
ill the country.
Where Germany will fail is in
those articles essential to war which
require material which she cannot
produce herself. ] have seen great
hopes placed on the failure of her
supply of petrol. These hopes are
ill-founded. On the other hand,
everyone admits that there is a terrible scarcity of rubber.
More seriouse still is the shortage
of copper, which is essential for the
manufacture of shells and .ammunition. From'my inquiries I am convinced that even on a scale vastly
below the present they will be unable to carry on the war for this
reason alone after next June. I am
sure that the most vital considerations of this struggle are Germany's
lack of copper and gunpowder, or
the essentials necessary to make the
various explosives now in use.
In their inner hearts the German
official classes realize quite well that
there can only he one result to the
present struggle in Europe. They
know, in fact, that they are beaten.
They realize that the odds against
them are too great. They are fighting now to obtain the best terms
possible. They are determined to
tight to the hitter end rather than
yield, and they are equally determined to hold to Belgium and to preserve their fleet, as they are the only
two weapons left with which they
can obtain favourable terms. They
hope by prolonging the war to exhaust the patience and endurance of |
the allies. They hope to offer such |
a strenuous resistance on both
frontiers that rather than continue
the war, the allies will meet them
I have spoken with many, who
frankly  admit they expect to lose
___^^_^^^^____^__     Alsace and  part of  Lorraine.   On
the ninety days provided by law. | their eastern frontier they expect to
East Prussia, so that
We live in deeds, not years; in thoughts
not breaths ;
In feelings, not in figures on a dial.
We should count time by heart-throbs,
He most lives
Who thinks most, feels the noblest,
acts the best.
-Philip James Bailey.
Cut Wages of Railway Men
It was stated by E. J. Chamberlain, president of the Grand
Trunk and Grand Trunk Pacific
railroads, that a despatch received from Ottawa to the effect
that a general scaling down of
pay for The men on the operating, construction and maintenance of ways departments is
being figured on both roads, was
absolutely correct. This cut will
effect something like 14,000 employees of the Grand Trunk and
a number more on theG.T.P.,
and is being put into force owing
to the decline of business as a
result of war conditions.
The main reduction is to go
January 1st, |
Victory follows
the flag.
We wish you health, and wish you wealth,
And many a merry day,
And a happy heart to play the part
On the great highway.
Phone 1
Prince George
0* C0*tfi
C. MoEi.noY, Manager
Phone tt
South Fort Gewfe
Domestic Coal
" Of the highest grade obtainable and specially
sifted for domestic use.
Lath, Kiln Dried Coast and Local Lumber, Cedar Siding,
Sash and Doors, Building Papers, Ready
Roofings, Wall Boards, etc.
The man who was anxious for war
news, but who hadn't bought a morning
paper asked the man next to him :
Any startling war news this morning?
Greece is licking Russia out of her
boots, was the reply.
But man, Greece and Russia arc
Then it is Switzerland licking Holland.
But that can't be so.
Mebbe it is Ireland going for .Belgium.
But you are way off there, too, was
But ain't the French fighting the
British ?
No sir, they are allies!
Well, I read a lot of stuff, and mebbe
it was too much for my memory, but
there is one thing I haven't forgotten.
And that is-?
That my wife told me if I came in
again at 2 o'clodk in the morning she'd
crack my skull with the first thing she
could lay her hands on,
San Francisco. — Seventeen
Japanese nurses and three Japanese surgeons, headed by Dr.
Jiro Suzuki, surgeon-general for
the Japanese army, arrived here
last week on the liner Shinyo
Maru, and have proceeded to the
east. There they will re-embark
for the European battlefields.
These nurses are the pick of the
Japanese Red Cross, and all have
been decorated for bravery and
efficiency while under fire. Some
are heroines, both of the Boxer
Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese
lose part ffl	
Russia can straighten out her frontier. They expect Austria to lose
Galicia for a like reason. All they
hope is, to preserve the unity of
Germany and to save what remains
of the empire. The official classes,
society, in fact all those who know-
keep up a smiling face. At heart
they are in despair, because they
know that, however long they continue their insistence, before a year
is out the lack of certain essentials
in the destruction of mankind will
bring them up against a stone wall,
in which there is no exit except by
the acknowledgment of their defeat.
No one ever discovered the paths of
peace by forsaking the ways of duty.
-Rey. Albert E. Salmon,
Talk of those things that make people the better for listening to you.
Church of England
Holy Communion 1st and 3rd
Sundays at 8 a. m.
Every Sunday at 11 a.m. Holy
Communion Sung v:ith sermon.
Morning prayer at 10:45.
Evening prayer and sermon
Presbyterian Church
Rev. A. C. Justice,    pastor,
Services :    11 n. m. and   7.30
p. m. Gospel service.
11 a. m.—The Minister.
7.30 p. m.-The Minister.
Sunday School 2 p. m.
A. C. Justice, Minister.
for COAL or WOOD
of all kinds and sizes for every Kitchen
We are exclusive agents for the famous
are right.
We are allowing a special 10 per cent,
discount on every article in our stores.
Orders will be taken at our Prince George
Yard as well as at our store at South.
Remember the 10 per cent. CASH Discount.
W. F. COOKE, Pro.
c. E. Mclaughlin. __n_n
Danforth & Mclnnis,
fjj   G. T. P. R.
Edmonton - Prince George
Prince Rupert
No. 1 Leave Edmonton Tuesdays and Fridays 10-00 p.m.
West Bound- Arrive Prince George Wednesdays & Saturdays 8 00 p.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,, 8-15 ,,
Arrive Prince Rupert Thursdays and Sundays 6-30 p.m.
No. 2 Leave Prince Rupert Wednesdays and Saturdays 10 a.m.
East Bound- Arrive Prince George Thursdays and Sundays 8-30 a.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,,        8-45  „
Arrive Edmonton Fridays and Mondays 8-30 a.m.
Travel via the
Our Agents will be pleased to furnish any
information desired.
District Passenger Agent,
Winnipeg, Man,
Automobiles for hire.
Machinery Repaired.    Skates Sharpened.
Lathe Work.
South Fort George.
Drummond & MqKay,
Launches Overhauled and Repaired.  Storage.
Gasoline Oils and Accessories.
Phone 57. Nine years experience in Taxidermy work in all its branches.
1  never stuff specimens—1 mount them on casts from the
natural body.   All my mounts are moth-proof.   1 guarantee
satisfaction.   1 will buy your furs.
W. D. WANDLING, 3rd Avenue, Prince George, B. C
Hotel, left  for the coast, Wednesday'
night,  via Prince  Rupert, on a short
business trip.
Sheet Metal.   Furnaces a Specialty.
Plumbing, Steam and Hot Water
PhnttPC   N°° ' sol,TH   F0RT  GEORGE.
Ashcroft.—Fire is a good servant
but a bad master, as was proven lie
yond a  doubt  last week, when the
Garage owned and occupied by Mr.
If. Blair, was burned to the ground.
■«.^^^^^^,^^_,^_^____       The alarm was given about -1-30 in
am^ing costumes were put on, and i .      ... , ,     ,,     ..      ,,
r the afternoon, and by the time the
: the prizes were won in  exciting con-  „     ,  .     ,        , ,,    , ,      ,
„,   . ,      ., fire brigade ana the hose were placed
■ test.     The tie was  packed with  ska-        ,    , ,,    „    ,    , ,
,   , , ready tor action, the tire had secured
tei. anil onlookers out to enjoy  the , ,      , „„ . .       ,. ,,
„„  ....     . .,        , i ureal headway,    llie origin  ot the
That all enjoyed themselves was ,. ,      . T    ,,
.lire seems to be a mystery.    In tbe
garage were two large auto, trucks
and one Cadillac passenger car, and
Robarts Hockey Team at Dinner.      ., valuable collection of tools, all of
Mr. ancl Airs. Jack Robarts enter-! which were completely destroyed,
tained at their home Sunday night, the!Tlic loss to Mr. Blair will probably
Robarts Hockey Team with a turkey
dinner. The appointments were in keeping with the hockey spirit and a very
enjoyable time was had by all.
Ice Carnival a Success
The lee Carnival, given on the gouth
Fort George rink Friday of this week,
I waa a big success.   Many   unique and
quite evident.
exceed  81 o,000, partly  covered
Contractors & builders
Gel Our Estimates Free of Churtre
Job Wurk N cully nnd Promptly Executed
Phone  26
Future of the Dominion
Lies with the Immigrant
Business Prospects Good
"The problem wliich Canada's
foreign immigration presents is
not so much how we are going
to work the uplift of the foreigner. It resolves itself into how
we are going to put an end to
the degrading of the foreigner
by our own people."
This was, in part, the summing up of J. S. Wodsworth in
an instructive address on the immigration problem, delivered
before the Canadian Club at Edmonton.
Mr. Wodsworth stated that the
Washington.—rn a report made
public by the Chamber of Commerce
nl'tlic United Slates, business conditions and prospects are said to be
generally reassuring. The European
war is acknowledged, however, to
have' had a widespread and depressing effect on industrial and commercial conditions,
Economy naturally p revails
among all classes," says the report
prepared by the Chamber's Statis-
tica and Standards Corn in it te e,
j,^—,^——-,^—^——,———,   .    though remarks bave  been noted
future  of Canada undoubtedly th(lt th-s dow mit ex(m(1 to auto.
lies with the immigrant and, if mobil
present proportions continue to
grow,   with   the   non - English
speaking foreigner. While it
was impossible to accurately
forecast the effect of the war's
end upon immigration, it was
certain that after the conflict is
over there will be a tendancy
toward increased immigration.
Britain, France, Belgium and
Germany would require their men
to rebuild what was destroyed;
but from Russia and Austria
Canada will continue to draw
large numbers, War loosens old
ties and alters trade currents.
"Are we ready when tho im-!
migration comes?    Unless  the
present machinery, for their assimilation   is  radically  altered, |
the Hood will prove dangerous.!
The  rough   construction   work
which absorbs the men is on the
decline, and arrangements must
be made to  get them onto the
land and make steady, productive citizens of them.   Ihe welfare of people depends upon the
standard of living, and the standard of living is not to be raised
by encouraging, through economic  conditions,  overcrowding  in I
the cities."
The speaker quoted statistics
Future delivery purchases
arc smaller and collections uniformly
poor, but lately a marked change
has been noted in a lessening of
difficulty in obtaining bank loans
and in an easing of interest rates.
Conditions in the South, while slowly improving, still present a serious
Crops in general, the reporf adds,
have been good, but the cattle industry is confronted by a serious
handicap in difficulty in obtaining
loans on cattle and by the foot and
mouth disease quarantine. The
sheep and wool industry is excellent
while mining conditions are generally poor.
Many idle factories are reported
as preparing tei resume operations,
au<l employees nre being taken on
wliere decreased forces have been
working. Lack of building however
has caused many lumber mills to
close and others to run on short
Mr. Sam Grierson is again out after
a prolonged sickness and operation. It
is good to see him on the atreet again.
• •   •   •   •
Father Rivet, o.M.I., announces that
the Ladies of the congregation of the
Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart,
will hold a Social and Dance at the
Uitts-Keifer Hall, on Friday, February
12th, 1915. Full particulars will be advertised in the next issue of the Herald.
Keep this date open-February 12th.
• *   *   #   *
Miss Pen resigned her position at
the Northern Hotel this week, and
started for Vancouver. California, and
Los Angeles, by the Wednesday train
via Prince Rupert. Miss Pen expects
to summer at California points and go
on to Hawaia for next winter.
• *   •   •   *
The Rev. T. Riley, left Fort George
on Sunday last, for England, where he
Victoria.—Negotiations have been
terminated, providing for the re-
I maining portion of the loan of ten
million dollars, authorized at the
last session of the legislature. The
amount of $2,700,000 is disposed of
to a group of New York bankers, at
the head of wliich is the Wall Street
lirm of Bernlmrd Scholle & Co. The
issue is in the form of one-year
treasury notes bearing interest at
four and a half per cent. It brought
ninety-eight and a half in New York.
Quesnel.—On Thursday morning
of last week, a, somewhat costly fire
occured here. Its origin was in the
building occupied by E. L. Irish,
the " Rex " Cleaning Parlors, and
we arc informed was caused by the
use of gasoline in cleaning a quilt.
The lire spread with great rapidity and soon the interior was a seeth-
will re-j'oin the army for the duration      ____________________^^^m^m—^^^m—_____________________________________________
of the war. Mr. Riley has served with! 'm- maS9 ot' fllimes- The burned
the colours, as Major, for many years, j building was owned by A. Locke,
previous to his coming to this country.jTll(' lo8 W!l11* of the building, after
In consequence, it has been found tlle voof fcl1 in, prevented the fire
necessary to alter the times of service !{rom spreading, and after the inter-
in the evening both at St. Stephen's,ior had burnt low, the walls were
South Fort George, and St. George's, | P»llcd clow» ftnd the clebris cleared
in Central. Plans for the extension of
the church in Prince George, are under
discussion, which may entail further
changes in the servics, of which notice
will be given in due course.
The Fort George and Alberta
Telephone and Electric Company's
Telegraphs and its connections advise that free privilege of telegraphing and cabling will be accorded
relatives of combatants after an advice bus been received that the combatant has been wounded. These
enquiries to be addressed " Military
Office, Ottawa," or "Canadian High
Commissioner, London," for which
ever the address is received.
"Canada" (London, Eng.) The
sturdy optimism of Canadians lias
ilrcady led them to foresee ancl fore-
| tell a rapid return to prosperity at
the termination of the war. Thc
prime minister nf Alberta can hardly
lind words to express the measure
showing that in 1901 Canada had ?f p,wi,ly "'''"'I'  ll" <onMe»«y
a  population  of  5,361,000,   of !f",v""'s'   Aml ffho "''" Hi,'v lhat
What Mean You by
"A Happy New Year"?
Mr. Irish, who tried hard to save
some of the contents of the building
was rather severely cut on the hands
and suffered considerably by breathing the dense smoke.
Smithers.—The Methodist church
at Smithers was burned down last
Wednesday night. The fire started
at the rear of the building, and had
made considerable headway More
being discovered. The men managed to save the piano, and organ
and all the chairs. The pastor of
the church is Rev. Mr. Batzold, and
much sympathy is felt for him in
the community.
O. Kraft, of Edmonton, late with
the C. N. R., is expected to arrive
at McBride at the end of Marcli.
He will take charge of the work of
developing marble quarries there.
A road to the site of the quarry will
probably be the first work to lie
undertaken. It is expected that
alioutlO men will lie employed when
uch a vision is vain? The enormous
! increase in overseas immigration
which followed previous European
wars justifies certain anticipations,
and Canada is now ready to lake
care of a vast influx of suitable
emigrants. Its three great railway
systems are now completed from
tide-water to tide-water, and virgin
lands lie easily accessible,
which 57 per cent were British
In March of last year this total i
had  increased by  2,906.022, of j
which 38 per cent, were British, |
34 per cent. American, and 37 j
per cent non-English speaking.
More than half of this population
had come to the four western
provinces.     Last year 384,000
immigrants  came  into Canada	
and this figure showed a decrease' ~. ~.   A7A.Z
.„.. v .       , . sity was to insist that every man
over 1914 in every branch except;,     .       ., ,    ..    ,
...     c ct   v i ..be given the opportunity he re-
that of  non-English  speaking!    .    ,   .      ,  "    ,,    Z   ,■ ,
,      t     . . ,      .     i quired  to    learn   the   Eng ish
people, who increased by nine-!? .      , .
'    ,   '        . i tongue and to become familiar
teen per cent. ,,:   ,,       ... ...
.,   nr i       .1        i iwth   the pnncipea under ying
Mr. Wodsworth spoke  appre-!T, ... , A     r. .
. ..   ,   „, .,        ,. •     . .,        British government.    It was not
ciatively of the refining inltuen- ,,     „ ,,...       ,   ..     ,    .
, A      ,       .      ... i the up fting of  the  foreigner
ces of art and music which even    ... .. ,  ,   > .,
.. u_-i. -i ti— i •       .   which was essentia   but the re-
the roughest of the immigrants1        .   ...     ,       ,.      .      '
bring with them from the old moval of the degrading mfluen-
world. ices with which he is surrounded
To his  mind the great neces- by our politicians.
What constitutes a Happy New
Year in your estimation ?
Is it to make a small fortune selling real estate,  oil  wells,  turning
stock, and other gold bricks, or just '. . ■.
'        ,       6 ,        ,'        ,   the quarrv is opened
to have a place to sleep, three meals'
a day, and enough over for a little
luxury, with a little contentment
thrown in'.'
To those who are comparitively
contented, who have no desire to
skin his neighbor, or rob widows
and opiums, the happiest and most
prosperous days will no doubt be
theirs. Hut those who cannot be
happy unless committing robbery
under some more-genial name, cannot hope for anything but the worst
of luck.
Western Canada's Achievement and Need
The greatest achievement of
the year is regarded as the in-    J„_„„„ lUB ummwy m 0I)0 wn0
crease in the productive capacity I never betrayed a trust or was disloyal
_P    tU_      «_..-1~...      IL. s      I...''
R. Halpenny, formerly trainmaster of the (1. T. P. at McBride,
took over the duties of superintendent of the Edmonton, Dunvegan
and British Columbia Railway on
the 20th inst.
By request of Sir Richard McBride,
thc following statement is made public:
"There appears to be a persistent
rumor which has gained considerable
currency, that my late Secretary was
associated with the stealing and manipulation of plans of home defence, and
that the discovery of ' his complicity
| therein waa the cause of his death. It
is a painful subject for me to discuss,
hut in justice to the memory of one who
_  ,„.,_, k_:i,<.jevu u uuoi  ur wax oiRioya
of the country; the most im-1 to his country in thought, word or deed
mediate problem is the bringing ji muBt 9tate most emphatically that
into profitable operation the new j the rumour is without the slightest
railroad mileage. It is recog-j possible foundation. The circulation of
nized that there can be no great
revival in construction for a considerable period; but the transportation industry is expected to
receive some impulse from the
movement of the crops next year
if the present indications of a, -     -
greatly increased output are con- ja '"*" <"■ a citizen."
firmed. ' Richard McBride
such stories, wilfully or otherwise, is
cruel reflection. Mr. Macrae suffered
many months with a nervous ailment
and his untimely death cannot in thc
slightest degree be regarded as a reflection in any way upon his honour as
January Specials
in the Boot & Shop
'OR tlie balance of this month we are offev-
1 ing special prices in all „m. ij1K,s of Hip;h_
Grade Men's Boots and Shoes, in order lo reduce our very heavy stock. Below we mention
a few lines, all made by the best Canadian
Slaters Vici Kid Blucher Cut, cushion sole, sold
regularly at 6,60, our price -      -     -      -   $4,35
Slaters Vici Kid blucher cut. regular price 5.50,
Special for January $?,.70
Ames Holden Co.—-A splendid line in Box Call',
blucher cut, wet-proof sole, reg. at 5.50, now   $,..70
Ames Holden Co. Tan Calf, blucher cut, extra dry
shod, regular C.25, our price       -      -       -   $4,15
Slaters Willow Calf, rubberless sole. Regular at
7.00, sale price §4.70
Ames Holden Co.—Fine line in Box Calf, visolized
sole, a very seasonable shoe, selling regularly for
7.25. This shoe can lie worn in the worst weather
without Rubbers.  Extra special price -       -   $4.85
Ames Holden Co. best quality Kangaroo, regular at
(j.75, our price for January -       -       -       -   $1,50
Slaters Fine Box Calf, rubberless'sole, regular at
0.50, our price $4.85
Ames Holden Co. Chocolate Calf, high cut top, regularly sold at 8.50.   A real money-saver at   -   $5.70
We have so many lines in this department
that it is impossible for us to quote them all on
account of hick of space. .Ve, however, are
making extraordinary low prices, and it will be
to your advantage to look over our Stock.
P. BURNS & CO. Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in all Kinds of
Fresh aod  Cured Meats
Butter, Cheese, Eggs;!
Highest Prices Paid for Hides and Live Stock
Phone SS
Fort George and South Fort George.
Phone se
Drugs, Medicines, Prescriptions,
Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccos, at Wholesale and Retail.
Stationery, Magazines, Newspapers, Confections, and
Toilet Articles.
Fort George Drug Co., Ltd.
Laselle Avenue, Scuth Fort George.   ::   George Street, Prince George.
Kodaks - Gramophones - Records
Victoria Hotel
(Formerly Orand Union)
Third Street    -    South Fort George
Hot and Cold Water Baths
F.C. BURCH       •     -        Proprietor
FOR SALE.-Offers will be received
for the Richie . Clarke building, South
Fort George, at the Eagle Investment
Company's Office, George Street, Prince
George. Offem to be submitted previous to 1st February, thc highest offer
not necessarily accepted.
I WANTED. - Orders for Printing of
every description - Herald, Phone 9.
Pioneer Bakery
We are the pioneers in the
baking business. Always has
and always will be the best.
Come ud give as a call.
FRED TIEMEYER, Proprietor.
OUR Telegraph Office at Prince
George is now open for bu-iineas.
All telegrams for Prince George
and Central Fort George will yo
through this office.   Free delivery
between Princo and Central.


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