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Fort George Herald 1915-03-19

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-y       -^ -v -V V
VOL. 5, NO. 29.
B. C. Exhibits
Are Very Successful
Reports received recently by
Mr. W. E. Scott, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, from the Provincial exhibition commission at
San Francisco state that the
British Columbia exhibit at the
Panama-Pacific Exposition is attracting much attention and that
the Province has every reason to
be proud of it.
The British Columbia exhibits
are being shown in the Canadian
Railway building, which, since
the opening of the fair, has proved to be the most attractive
small building on the exhibition
grounds, From morning until
night the structure is thronged
with people, and as a publicity
medium it is accomplishing a
wonderful amount of good for
the Province. Keen inquiries
are being made by visitors as to
the various conditions to be met
here and other matters in connection with the exhibitions.
The principal exhibits from
British Columbia include sped
mens of fruit, fish, timber and
There is a magnificent display
of fruit— fresh, cold storage and
bottled. Every grade is in excellent condition, and both in
appearance and general characteristics this exhibit is attracting
exceptional notice.
The fishery exhibit is very
complete in that practically every
variety of edible fish known in
the Province is represented. The
many specimens are handsomely
mounted and appear attractive.
There is a very complete representation of British Columbia
lumber in the timber exhibition,
which not only depicts every species of commercial wood found
in the Province, but also shows
the various grades prepared for
paneling and moulding and for
other uses, which gives the visitor an impression of the value
and many uses for British Columbia timber.
The mineral display represents
all the most important minerals
of commerce, and forms a very
complete collection.
During the evenings lectures
are being given, illustrated by
the cinematograph, depicting all
the leading industries of British
Columbia ancl giving a number
of views relative to agriculture,
fishing, lumbering and mining
which are most instructive and
which are attracting large audiences.
Conservatives Hold
C. A. Gaskill Chosen
as Liberal Candidate
for Ft. George District
At the Liberal Convention held
at Prince George (Monday evening, Mr. C. A. (laskill, manager
of the Fort George and Alberta
Telephone & Electric Co., Ltd.,
received the nomination to contest the newly formed Fort
(leorge riding for the Liberal
Delegates were present from
South Fort George, Prince (ieorge
and Fort (ieorge, while Nechaco,
Chilco and Vanderhoof were represented by proxy.
Lincoln Beachy Hu Fatal Fall bto Ocean
San Francuco, Cal., March 15.
-Lincoln Beachy, the famous
aviator, was killed while making
an exhibition flight at the Panama-Pacific exposition yesterday.
At an altitude of about 7,000 feet
Beachy began a spiral descent.
The wings of his aeroplane collapsed and the machine plunged
into San Francisco bay. It is
said the aviator sustained no material injury from the fall except
a broken leg, but was drowned
owing to his body being strapped
to the machine.
The annual meeting of the
South Fort George Conservative
Association, was held at Burch's
Hall, South Fort George, Friday
evening, ft] arch 12th. Reports
of the officers showed the association in a healthy state and
ready to go to the polls at the
coming election with confidence.
The outgoing president, Neil
Gething, was succeeded by Capt.
Foster for the ensuing year, and
W. G. Fraser was elected secretary, to succeed D. F. M. Perkins, who resigned last September on receiving the Dominion
appointment as Fish Commissioner.
The new officers for 1915 are:
Honorary Presidents, Sir Robert Borden and Sir Richard McBride.
President, Capt. D. A. Foster.
Vice-President, Russel Peden.
Secretary-Treasurer, Wm. G.
Executive Committee: Albert
Johnson, A, J. S. Willson, Neil
Gething, A. K. Boucher, George
McLaughlin, A. G. Hamilton,
F. W. Crawford, Wm. Blair,
Wm. Thorne.
Effort of Government to
Discontinue Mail Service
The people of the district were
surprised a few days ago on the
arrival of Postal Inspector Clark
from Vancouver, that an order
had been given, and rescinded
until further notice, to stop the
carriage of mail between the
Georges and Quesnel. Inspector
Clark was sent in to investigate
and report to Ottawa.
What can Ottawa and the Post
Office authorities be thinking of
to suggest such a move at this
time ? One of the most important mail routes of the district is
thus without so much as a word
or sign of notice to be stopped.
And for what purpose ? Has not
the Fort (ieorge ■ Prince George
district enough obstacles to deal
with that the government should
put up another ? The large and
growing trade with Quesnel,
Barkerville, and Soda Creek, the
Cariboo Road from this district is
to be handicapped by a round
about mail route to Edmonton, to
Calgary, to Ashcroft and thence
up the Cariboo to Quesnel.
Boat service will shortly be resumed between this district and
the down-river points, Quesnel
and Soda Creek and nearby points
will sesure their foodstuffs, and
general merchandise over the
(irand Trunk to this point, and
thence by steamer south. The
business men of this district expect to continue the building up
of their trade from this point
south, and now the government,
no doubt, under the suggestion
of some subordinate who has no
interest in the district or appreciates the value of every possible
avenue of communication of
which there are precious few and
pver has been, comes along to
put a handicap on their efforts.
This mail service should be continued until the opening of the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
and all possible pressure will be
brought to bear on the Govern-
not to carry this order into effect.
Is Government for and by the
people, OR IS IT NOT ?
John Mclnnis, the Socialist
Candidate for member Provincial
Parliament, spoke to large and
interested audiences at the
Dreamland Theatre, Prince
George, Tuesday night, and at
Burch's Hall, South FortGeorge,
Wednesday night.
Allies Make Stupendous Preparations
For Renewed Attack in Northern France
London, March 18.--Heavily censored despatch from
Paris tells of magnitude of preparations underway by Allies preparatory to big advance. Greatest quantity of
munitions of war ever assembled has been gathered together in Northern France. These will be transported to
the front by railroads, the carrying capacity of which has
been increased by laying additional tracks along every line
radiating towards front, as well as by thousands of motor
vehicles of every kind which have been gathered for the
In addition to England's present army of over one
million which has been moving across channel for two
months, France has a million soldiers splendidly equipped
and ready to take field at a minute's notice. These men
have been in training during the winter months.
The artillery brigades are being augmented and thousands of new guns are posted at convenient positions for
immediate use.
Borden, too, Hay
Appeal to Electors
Ottawa --Among Conservative
members the idea prevails that
there will be an election. Liberal
members expect that there will
be, and the ministers are saying
Both sides seem satisfied. Conservatives are declaring that the
want of confidence motion justifies an appeal to the people. They
claim that the truce has been
formally and officially broken.
Both parties appear to be cheerful over the prospect of an appeal to the country.
The government is waiting to
hear from the country in regard j not yet been signed by His Hon
to the Laurier amendment to the; or the Lieutenant ■ Governor,
budget and Sir Wilfrid's speech, j when this matter was directed
Hon. Mr. Cochrane and Hon, Mr. to the attention of the authorities
Provincial Election
The intricate task of preparing
new voters' lists to comply with
the new Redistribution measure
—which increases the membership from forty-two to forty-
seven, besides subdividing a
number of constituencies — imposed upon the Provincial Government the obligation to postpone the date of the general
election beyond the time which
had been tentatively set, April
10th. In due course the new
date will be made public. Fortunately, the order-in-council
dissolving the Legislature  had
L D. Taylor Re-elected
Mayor of Vancouver
By an increased majority of
2300, L. D. Taylor was re-elected
mayor of Vancouver in the municipal elections last Saturday. At
the former election his majority
was 600. Mr. Taylor after the
election in January was declared
by the courts ineligible for office
and was forced to correct the
technicality and again go to the
Another Sweeping Reform for Russia
Dunn's Trade Review
In Canada.
New York,—An officer of the
emperor's household, in a letter
to a friend in this city, writes
that the second wide-sweeping
reform to be effected in Russia
will be compulsory education.
The letter states that M. Kasso,
minister of instruction and religion, is formulating a decree to
be issued on the termination of
the present hostilities and to be
in full effect throughout the empire after a period of five years.
It is generally believed that the
local government bodies will wel
come the new movement in education and give it financial support.
Rogers are keeping a very close
watch upon the country and are
receiving reports from agents in
all the provinces.
German Cruiser
Dresden Sunk
The British admiralty announces that on March 14, at 9 a.m.,
a British squadron sank the Dresden near Juan Fernandez Island.
The squadron, composed of the
Glasgow, Orama and Kent engaged with the sea rover in an
action lasting five minutes, after
which the Dresden hauled down
her colors and displayed the
white flag. She was much damaged and set on fire, and after
she had been burning for some
time, her magazine exploded and
she sank.
The crew was saved, fifteen
badly wounded. The Germans
were landed at Valparaiso.
There were no British casualties and no damage to the ships.
The Dresden had eluded the
British and Japanese cruisers
since the naval battle off Falkland Islands, in which she took
part. She was a third class cruiser, built at Hamburg in 1907.
by the King's Printer and other
election officials, so that the sta -
tus quo prior to the prorogation
of the House is preserved.
Sir Richard McBride, in making this announcement, made it
clear that the alteration in the
plan of action for an appeal to
the people was due solely and
entirely to the necessity of meeting a new situation which had
developed as a result of the enactment of the Redistribution
Bill. The Government's inability
to promptly get proclamations
and accurate voters' lists in the
hands of authorized agents in the
outlying districts, as well as the
large amount of additional work
imposed upon the printing staff,
made it imperative that the date
for polling be deferred.
Mrs. John D. Rockefeller Dead
New York.-Mrs. J. D. Rockefeller died at her country home
at Tarry town, N. Y., early last
Friday morning. While Mrs.
Rockefeller has been an inavlid
for many months, it is understood
that her death came unexpectedly. Her husband and her son
were at Ormond, Florida, at the
time of her death.
Was Chased by Submarines
London.—The Camronia of the
Anchor Line which arrived at
Liverpool from New York, March
15th, wtth cargo valued at $5,-
000,000, Saturday ran German
submarine Llockade. The vessel
reports that she was chased by
three Herman submarines on her
The easiest thing in the world to make
Ib a mistake. The next easiest is trouble.
Elect Delegates
to Provincial
At a largely attended meeting
of the Conservative Association
of South FortGeorge, held Thursday evening at Burch's Hall, the
following delegates were elected
to the Convention to be held at
Prince George March 25th to
nominate a candidate to contest
the Conservative seat for member of the Provincial Parliament;
South Fort George being entitled
to 20 delegates: Messrs. W. Blair,
Brewster, Crozier, Griffin, Hancock, A. G. Hamilton, Loyal, N.
Montgomery, McElroy, Norris,
Quinn, Regan, J. Shaw, Thorne,
A. J. S. Willson, H.Wilson, C.
Dunn, Wesley, Fraser, Al. Johnson. The alternates elected to
fill vacancies were: Moffatt, Crowell, Finlaison, Craig, Boucher.
Among other matters of interest to the district the Association
put itself on record as favoring
the continuance of the ma;) service between Quesnel and Prince
George - South Fort (leorge and
will take the necessary action to
insure the retention of the ser-
uice until the completion of the
P. G. E. Ry. by communicating
the wish of the people to the
Government at Ottawa through
proper channels,
Mr. Avison the Government
Health Inspector, made his annual rounds this week with notices
to the effect that Spring had ar
rived and that it was time to
clean-up. We submit that his
visit was timely. The \acant
lots about town are an unsightly
mess, many of them left so by
the late squatters or owners who
have moved their buildings to
Prince George or elswhere.
There will be no difficulty in
getting the people of South Fort
George who are to stand by and
continue to live here, cleaning-up
and cultivating their garden spots
but we think the government
would do well to call upon lot
owners and others who have left
all kinds of rubbish, tin cans, etc.
to look to these spots at once.
And again it has been suggested
that the Government Health Officer would be doing splendid work
to employ helpers to go about and
clean up those lots where owners
or tenants are not. Such a campaign would very much improve
and beautify the town.
The government also might be
asked to allow townspeople to
cultivate these vacant lots not
sold. They will not be wanted
for a long time to come and in
these days when the National
and Provincial Governments are
urging the people to increase the
products of the soil, what better
use could these lots be put to.
All the people want, is the privilege to do the cleaning-up and
cultivating, and the goverment
could do not less than permit
them to do so. In many cities of
the North American Continent,
as well as in Europe, this custom
prevails, and the net results of
profit and benefit to the public
This year as never before the
necessity of raising small vegetables and thus reduce the cost
of living and at the same time
assist the Empire in her great
struggle is imperative and every
one should join the movement
from government to the smallest
garden in town.
Geneva. — Information comes
from Kiel to the effect that all
(lerman dreadnoughts in harbor
and Canal are undergoing steam
and screw trials in order to test
fully the boilers and machinery,
while their crews are being carefully drilled.
Conditions in business are very
much mixed. Total transactions
are still below those of recent
years. There is a large attendance of retail distributors in the
textile markets and they buy
often but as a rule in compara-
t'vely small lots for immediate
needs, and keep their stocks low.
The wholesale millinery openings thia week were fairly attended and the selections of country
buyers were pretty well maintained in volume, but buying on
the part of city millinprs was
moderate in extent and largely
confined to low-priced goods, In
general dry goods, travelers'
orders reach a fair aggregate.
There is a tremendous demand
for woolen yarns from all parts
of the country which cannot be
kept up with.
The feeling, on the whole, is
good, but there is room for much
more activity. Of course, many
factories are busy on war material and the like, but salesmen and
middlemen can be dispensed with
in such business.
Prospects are for an early
spring, which will be of much
benefit to agriculturists and likewise to the country generally.
Remittances are not up to the
mark, but the liquidation of loans
that has been going on for months
has placed the banks tn an unusually strong position. The
wholesale dry goods business is
showing some improvement, but
the grocery trade has been less
active, Prices of grain have been
reactionary and exporters have
manifested considerable indifference.
Wholesale lumber dealers report a fair volume of sales at
country retail yards and there
has been more activity in farmers
hardware and small implements.
Export trade to the United States
from Winnipeg showed over 100
per cent, increase for 1914, compared with 1913. These exports
included 104,000 head of hogs and
considerable shipments of beef,
fresh fish, poultry and eggs. Imports of corn for feed promise to
be an item of some importance
this year. Mercantile interest
rates and interest charges for
loanable funds in general show
no important changes.
Seeding will be general in a
few weeks. Year after year the
"Best season ever" is prophesied
and judging from prevailing conditions, we are fully justified in
forecasting a "banner year" for
1915. Weather conditions since
last harvest have been of the
best. A good supply of moisture
late in the fall, a steady winter
with plenty of snow and little or
no wind to lay the ground bare,
insures against drought until late
in the summer, The acreage
under cultivation will show a substantial increase.
Vancouver.—General business
conditions are reported to be
showing slight improvement,
especially in wholesale groceries
and produce. With the opening
of spring, country merchants are
disposed to buy somewhat more
freely, and while the tendency to
restrict credits is still in evidence
some liquidation of winter liabilities has taken place and whole.
salers are more disposed to forward supplies. The returns of
the port of Vancouver show that
shipping is increasing. Collec-
i i ms are fair.
Seven employees at the Railway station at Calais were killed
as a result of a Zeppelin raid directed at that point. No other
serious damage was done. .,    .........i   -.uuive-._l.Ui'   ..we ,\i, V, l'.;-.e'.,lrt _ lM!i>YS,   J Ulil.lnlir.12
Every Friday at its Printing Office
in South Fort George.
Price   One Year in Advance   -   -   - $•'! on
"      Six,Months in Advance    -   - 1.75
"      Three Months ir Advance    - 1.00
To The United States -   -   - 3.60
No paper stopped until all arrearages are paid except at
the option of the publishers.
Twelve  cents per  line  for the first insertion, and ei_ht
cents per line for each subsequent insertion.
For Sale, Lost and Feiund Ads. minimum charge 50 cents
per insertion, limited to one inch.   Other rates furnished on
Publishers and Proprietors,
South Fort George, U. C.
FRIDAY.   MARCH   19tii.
In the midst of the greatest war the world has ever known,
causing wide spread suffering, and ruin among not only the
combatant nations but neutral peoples as well — when business
and trade generally is thoroughly disorganized — initiative and
progress at a standstill, developments in the political anni of
Canada have suddenly projected themselves upon the people, and
for three or four months questions of state will occupy the thoughts
and actions of the electorate.
In British Columbia, elections to the next Provincial Parliaments have been called.
Next will come to this section locally the election of officers, to
serve the new municipality of Prince George, in May.
In June it is expected will come Dominion Elections for members to the National Parliament.
All together the people of Canada are having troubles of their
own. Never before have world wide conditions effected a country's future to such an extent. However, the feeling of that Great
Future permeates the country, despite the present disturbed state,
and in consequence boldness of action and immense plans continue
to occupy the minds of the people despite all impediments. Courage, farsightedness, faith and hope will not be turned aside.
At this juncture the British Columbia Government has thought
it the part of wisdom to consult the people about various questions
effecting this province. In consequence the people are suddenly
plunged in the midst of political meetings and conventions to nominate candidates for the next Provincial Parliament. These elections were scheduled to be held April 10th, but at the present some
doubt exists as to the correct date, Meantime the opposition to
the present Government is working overtime in its attempt to
manufacture sentiment hostile to the Conservative party and for
the catching of votes for their candidates, while yet others falter
in their loyalty to Conservative leanings.
It is therefore time to carefully consider conditions, In the
Provincial elections shortly to be held it would seem as if it were
simply the desire of those on the outside to get in, and to put the
"ins" out. It is difficult to see what benefit the people as a whole
are to gain by a change from Conservative to Liberal or to a combination of Liberal and Socialist which would probably happen if
there should be an overwhelming change of sentiment from Conservative principles. The people would do well to think as to
whether an untried party put into power at this time would bring
about better or worse results than the present rule trained by
years of service, and moreover in the midst of plans which when
completed will without doubt produce means of development of the
natural resources of the Province second to none in the United
Provinces of Canada.
It must be remembered that British Columbia is in its beginnings
and that man's honesty of action and purpose is too common and
irresponsible for sane minds to give much credence. Anybody can
sit in the bleechei. and criticise the game going on on the diamond
but let the critic get down and remedy the so-called error, or do
better than the actor he hammers, and he slinks into cover or fails
at the attempt to outshine the object of ridicule.
The people would do well to remember this-that before discharging a servant for incapacity or suspicion of wrongdoing or
error of judgment, be sure that he can be replaced with not less
than 10 per cent or more better than what you have, Anything
less is neither good business or justice either to yourself or the
servant you discharge, but wasteful, and containing a menace to
what has been accomplished and now under way.
The Herald believes that it is up to the people to correct any
mistakes that have been made, not by turning out the present Government as a whole, but by nominating and electing the best men
of conservative principles from their midst, and if necessary, to
replace any weak parts in the present fabric. If house cleaning is
necessary the housewife never throws all the contents of her house
into the discard, she simply replaces the worn-out portionsand thus
renews the old to better service, We would also remind those who
are prone to throw stones, that nothing is ever quite as bad as it is
painted. Humanity to its shame is ever picking at the mistakes
and errors imaginary or real, but never a word is spoken of the
good that is done.
Patriotism and Production.
Patriotism without production is an empty sound. If ever there
was a time when by your deeds you are required to be known, it is
now. In entering upon the campaign in which it is now engaged,
the Department of Agriculture of the Dominion has entered upon
a task that should do untold good. It is not that our farmers needed altogether to be prompted to benefit themselves, but that perhaps some of them do not entirely recognise the seriousness of the
present and the more than probable critical conditions of the future.
If the war were to end tomorrow, there would still be need for
every effort in productiveness, for many years must elapse before
the devastation that has been caused can be remedied or repaired.
Unhappily, the probabilities are that the giant conflict will continue
for many months yet, in which case the mind of man cannot fathom
or foresee the damage that will have been done to every form of
industry. To agriculture in particular, by the waste of life, by the
wrecking of property and by the spreading of desolation. It is in
repairing the damage others cause, that the farmers are called upon
to aid,   It is their mother country that cries to them,
The Agricultural Department is not alone holding conferences at
many points in the country, but it is engaged in distributing large
quantities of literature telling how the farmer can best serve the
interests of the empire, display his grateful sense of patriotism and
bring profit to himself, In brief and explicit language, that all who
run may read and understand, is pointed out the needs of the situation and how those needs can be met. Above all, the advice is
given to avoid waste. Everything can be utilized. Nothing need
be thrown away as valueless, The economy of production is in
saving. The wisest can learn something by reading, and in the
bulletins and reports prepared and written by experts and men of
practical science, farmers will find hints, suggestions and information of the greatest possible value at this season, and such as will
advantage both their land and themselves for all time. They will
also aid them in that duty to the empire which is such an instant
importance that to shirk it is to be criminal. Copies of the publication of the Department can be had upon addressing Publications
Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. No postage is required on the application.
Good Roads Convention
More than 2000 delegates from
every province in Canada will
gather in Toronto on the 22nd to
26th of this month to attend the
second annual Canadian and International Good Roads Convention. Good roads' boosters from
every large city and hundreds of
small counties will attend to discuss the ways and means for improving the thoroughfares of the
Dominion, and for expending
most usefully the millions of dollars which will go into the construction and maintenance of
highways in this country during
The eastern provinces will, of
course, have greater representations than the we3t.
So far, Quebec probably leads
in the good roads movement,
having spent within the last few
years the magnificent sum of
$10,000,000 on road construction
and maintenance, and having
just now appropriated another
• 810,000,000 for the same purpose.
Every phase of road construction and maintenance will be
discussed at the convention in
papers by international experts,
and shown on the screen in
moving pictures. A sample of
standard roadway will be built
outside Convocation Hall, where
the meetings will be held,
The subject of a transcontinental highway through Canada may
come up for consideration, and it
likely that active steps will be
toward making a start on
this epochal project. The Ontario portion of the highway is
already under way, several sections being under construction.
Subjects at this second annual
convention will be of an especially practical nature, since it has
been taken for granted that no
sensible person now disputes the
necessity for having the best
roads within a municipality's
means. The discussions will take
up such topics as finance, road
location, traffic, sub-grade, road
foundations, drainage, wearing
surface, concrete roads, brick
pavements, bituminous roads,
dust prevention, bridges, culverts, road maintenance, road
machinery, wooden blocks, earth
gravel and macadam roads.
Among the materials of road
building and upkeep which will
be exhibited are wood blocks,
Litumin, road oils, brick, cement,
concrete reinforcements, rocmac,
road rollers, (weighing twelve
and a half tons), graders, scrapers, mixers, cement-post making machinery, and every known
variety of material or machine ry
in use today, several never before
seen in Canada.
G. A. McNamee, secretary-
treasurer of the convention, and
! W. H, Leach, superintendent of
■ exhibits, have opened offices in
Toronto at the King Edward Hotel.
Motors Speed on
Top of Building
One can't always judge a man's importance by the ani/le at which he
wears his hat.
Try to do your duty and you at once
know whHt is in you.
It sounds like an Arabian
Knight's adventure up-to-date to
tell of automobiles speeding along
the top of a four-story building,
yet that is just what scores of
visitors at the recent Montreal
Motor Show saw. A trial track
or speedway was located on the
roof of the show building, and it
was an innovation the management was able to offer the public because of the fact that the
show was held in the Montreal
branch building of the Ford Motor Company of Canada Limited.
The Ford building was turned
over entirely to the exhibitors
and lent itself admirably to the
purposes of a motor show. The
track on the roof is of concrete
and was used for outdoor demonstrations, When a visitor expressed a desire to experience
the riding qualities of a car and
to see the machine in operation,
car, visitor and chauffeur were
whisked to the roof in a specially
constructed lift, The party was
then given a ride around
the aerial concrete track and was
able to see a complete test and
demonstration. This feature was
certainly unique for a motor
The Montreal Ford branch is
also an assembling plant to which
the separate parts are shipped
from the factory at Ford, Ontario, to be put together after their
arrival. Hence the concrete track
was built on top for testing out
the assembled cars.
Montreal's show will go down
in history as one of the most successful ever held in Canada, attendance, enthusiasm and practical results combining to make
it a record breaker. The building was splendidly decorated
with flags of the Allies, and being modern in every respect, it
assumed a very handsome appearance.
Prince Rupert Liberals
Nominate Candidates.
Prince Rupert.-T. D. Pattullo
of Prince Rupert, received the
nomination for member of Provincial Parliament, at the Convention held here March Ilth.
Capt. Fred Stork will receive
the Dominion nomination.
A. M. Manson was tendered
nomination for the new Omineca
district and accepted.
F. Mobley received the liberal
nomination of the Atlin district.
Uniform High Standard of Quality.
From Season to Season, ensuring
continuous success to the planter,
5 lor 111<•■ i
TO-DA   .
Stecle.Briggs Seed Co.
Winnipeg   .   Manitob
Joseph Martin Makes His
Bow as Newspaper Man.
The first issue of Joseph Martin's paper, the Vancouver Evening Journal, was published on
Monday, March 1st. The career'
of Mr. Martin in the newspaper
field will be watched with inter-'
Special Prices
AND ON EASY TERMS.        :: :: ::
North Coast Land Co., Ltd.,
Phone 15.        PBINCE GEORGE, B.C.
.. R. WALKER, General Ami,
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George. B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates $2.80 and $3
Moathlr aa . weekly ratei oa »p-
BeMt Of VlnM,
Ll'juon end olr»r»
Albert Johnson, r«».
Undertaker and Funeral Director.
Caskets, Funeral Supplies, & Shipping Cases always on hand.
Out-of-town calls promptly attended to.
Phone 23 Fort George.
Prince George and Fort George.
Just Stop and Think
of the risk and inconvenience of burning coal oil.
Why not be up-to-date? Have your house wired,
it costs but a trifle more. Rates on application at
our oflice - Rooms 7 & 8, Post Building, George
Street, and at the plant, South Fort George. We
have a stock of lamps, shades, fixtures, irons, ancl
handle all utility devices.
Northern Telephone & Power Co., Ltd.
Electric Light Service and Power Furnished.
House Wiring and Electrical Futures of all kinds.
Phone 19- Four Rings, South Port George.
Phone 10, Prince George.
Fort George Hardware Co.
Sheet Metal.   Furnaces a Specialty.
Plumbing, Steam and Hot Water
Phnnikfi No- • ooitth fort ceobse.
* ■"»■■«»   Na. IS PBINCE  OEORGE.
w_tr____m Green Bros.. Burden & Co.
Civil Engineers, Dtmiiioo ttB. C.LudSun .its
Surveys of Lands, Mines, Townsites, Timber
Limits, Etc.
Victoria Hotel
(Formerly Grand Union)
Third Street     -     South Fort George
Hot and Cold Water Baths
F.C. BURCH       -      -        Proprietor
A number of people who a short time
ago were saying that they would be
ashamed to belong to the Legislature of
IJritiah Columbia are now revising their
views and are looking round for possible nominators.
Pioneer Bakery
We are the pioneers in the
baking business. Always has
and always will be the best,
Come and give us a call.
FRED TIEMEYER, Proprietor.
Church of England
Holy Communion 1st and 3rd
Sundays at 8 a. m.
Every Sunday at 11 a. m. Holy
Communion Sung with sermon.
Morning prayer at 10:45.
Evening prayer and sermon
Presbyterian Church
Rev. A. C, Justice, paitor,
Services : 11 a. m. and 7.30
p. m. Gospel service,
11 a. m.-The Minister.
7.30 p. in.—The Minister.
Sunday School 2 p. m.
Today the greatest geography
class that ever existed is studying its lessons with an earnestness that would bring joy to the
heart of a schoolmaster. Before
the maps in front of the newspaper offices, in front of store
windows, where portions of atlases are displayed, poring over
the daily records of the advances
and retreats of European armies,
are thousands of students of geography.
And many of them have learned facts that astound them. They
have learned that in an area almost equal to the United States
and Alaska, Europe has twenty-
six countries and that only one
of these countries, Russia, is larger than the state of Texas; that
nine are larger and seventeen
smaller than Illinois; that several
have less population than Cook
County, Illinois.
If the members of the class
have looked up the statistics of
population, they will have found
that although many of the countries of Europe are densely populated, because of their small
area, some of them have about
the population of single states in
the United States. Of the strenuous Balkan states, which a few
years ago humbled Turkey, only
Roumania has more people than
Illinois. Roumania has about
7,200,000 people, Illinois 5,638,-
591. Bulgaria has about 4,300,-
000 people, Greece only 2,600.000,
Servia 2,900,000, and Montenegro but 250.000.
Illinois has almost as many
people as Sweden, Portugal; the
Netherlands, or Belgium. It exceeds in population Switzerland,
Denmark or Norway. Luxembourg has but 259,000 people,
less than the number on the
north side of Chicago, and only
a fourth of the number on the
west side. A number of wards
in Chicago have more people than
The Modern
Carpet of .
Bagdad . .
1 There are few people who do not
know the story of the wonderful carpet on which the owner had but to sit,
wish to be at some place, and, lo!
immediately he found himself there.
1 Some agents of this nature would be
appreciated by many a manufacturer
in jumping the demand for his product into a thousand places, a thousand miles away. Apparently to such
a man there is no means of "getting
there " and placing his name and his
goods right into that territory, except
by slow, laborious bit-by-bit acquaintanceship, and mouth-to-mouth testimonials.
1 But he has overlooked the modern
Carpet of Bagdad—
It is Newspaper Advertising.
If If you are doing a local business, talk
over your advertising problems with
the Advertising Department of this
of Chicago has more people than
(ireeceor Norway. Five countries the size of Belgium could
be put in Illinois, almost four the
size of Denmark, about eight the
size of Montenegro, almost four
the size of Switzerland, and almost five the size of the Netherlands.
Russia is the only country comparable in size with the United
States and it has a greater area
than the combined areas of the
other twenty-five countries. If
placed in United States, it would
occupy all the land west of the
Mississippi to the Pacific except
Missouri, Arkansas and Texas.
The British Isles would equal in
territory New England, New
York, and two-thirds of New
Jersey. Belgium could be placed
in the southwest and Holland in
the northeast quarters of Pennsylvania. France covers an area
equal to the United States from
Pennsylvania to South Carolina.
Switzerland could be contained
in the western third of Virginia,
and Italy would cover half of
Alabama and Georgia and all of
Florida. Denmark equals little
more than the northern peninsula of Michigan; Germany equals
about four states the size of Illinois, and Austria-Hungary is
four times as large as Missouri.
The six Balkan states could be
placed in Texas and there would
be much room left.
It must be remembered in making these comparisons that many
of the countries of Europe would
not fall within the United States
at all if they were moved in a
direct line across the ocean, for
the great nations of Europe have
developed their industries, cities
and great populations not in the
latitude of the United States so
much as in the latitude of Canada. To bring the warring nations within the area of the U.S.
the various cities and countries
must be shoved south a distance
of approximately 1D0 miles.
If Canada had centred under
one government the peoples, industries and resources af Europe
lying north of the forty-ninth
parallel of Europe, she would
stand far ahead of any other
country of the western hemisphere. She would then boast of
a population of 250,000,000, occupying the greatest industrial area
of the earth; for in Europe north
of the forty-ninth parallel we
find all of the British Isles, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark,
Norway, Sweden, nine-tenths of
Germany, an equal portion of
Russia, and the northern strip of
{'Austria Hungary, and France
from Paris to its northern boundary.
Along the sixtieth parallel we
find three great national capitals
-Christiania with 240,000, Stock- j
holm with 346,000, and Petrograd
with 2,000,000. Moved westward
to the American continent, Chris-1
tiania would rest on Ft. Churchill
on the west shore of Hudson
Bay; Stockholm would be in the
middle of the bay, and Petrograd
would lie on the east shore near
the northern part of the peninsula of Labrador,
London, the Hague, Brussels,
and Bertin similarly transplanted
would follow close to the fifty-
second parrallel; London would
be in Manitoba, 100 miles north
of Winnipeg; The Hague and
Brussels in the centre of Ontario,
and Berlin on the Albany river,
200 miles north of the northwest
point of Lake Superior. Paris
alone would be in United States
territory, for it would be situated
near the northern boundary of
on Hand in Canada.
Ottawa.—The department of
trade and commerce has completed an estimate of the wheat now
in Canada and the country's requirements until the next crop.
On February 8th there was
79,130,593 bushels of wheat in
Canada, of which 37,004,700 was
in elevators and mills, 12,571,876
in transit in cars and 29,554,000
in the hands of the farmers. Seed
requirements amount to 19,250,-
000 bushels, and food requirements until the next crop 25,000,-
000 bushels, leaving for export
34,880,576 bushels.
Since that date there has been
imported 36,370 bushels and exported 6,741,000 bushels, leaving
now for export about 28,175,000
bushels in round figures.
January 1st,
Victory follows
the flag.
"Mamma," said Willie thoughtfully,
"where do they keep the bear down in
our church?"
"The bear, dear child?" asked Willie's mother, with a wondering expression. "What besr? Who ever told you
such a ridiculous thing as that?"
"Nobody told me," was the reply;
'but every time I go to church they
sing something about the 'consecrated
cross-eyed bear/ "
"Sir, your daughter has promised to
become my wife."
"Well, don't come to me for sympathy; you mi0ht know something would
happen to you, hanging around here
five nights in the week.',
"Swine Husbandry in Canada"
is the title of Bulletin No. 17 of
the live stock branch of the department of agriculture, Ottawa.
This publication describes the
bacon hog and also discusses his
breeding and rearing.
The breeds of swine reared in
Canada are described and a history of each is given. An interesting section is devoted to the
production of pork on Canadian
farms. The information was evidently secured from practical
farmers in cheese factory and in
creamery districts, and in sections
where hogs are raised without
dairy by-products.
Boost For Rupert
Ottawa.—An order - in - council
has been passed and signed which
permits all foreign bottoms to
sell fish in Prince Rupert or other
British Columbia ports to Canadian fish dealers, who must assume the bonding regulations.
Boats may purchase all supplies
and ship crews at Prince Rupert,
Seventy million pounds of halibut were caught in the North
Pacific last year, of which fifty
millions went through Seattle.
It is estimated this order-in-
council will increase the Prince
Rupert payroll 8250,000 monthly.
The Seattle fishing fleet will
move to Prince Rupert.
1,035,326 Attended
Fair ln Two Weeks
San Francisco,—lhe total attendance at the Panama-Pacific
Exposition for the first two weeks
is officially announced as 1,035,-
326. The first week's attendance
was 620,000, the second, 410,000.
Alaska Terminal
Not Yet Selected.
Washington,—Contrary to the
many wild rumors and press
agent stories, there has been no
decision yet made regarding the
terminus of the Alaska railroad.
One rumor printed in several
cities recently was that Ship
Creek had been selected.
Ship Creek is a possibility as a
temporary terminal for this
year's work to the Matanuska
fields. This does not necessarily
mean that Ship Creek will be the
permanent terminal and even its
selection as a temporary terminal
pending the decision of the president is uncertain. Interested
parties in New York are busy
circulating rumors to their advantage,
The only certain point in the
whole terminal matter is that no
decision has yet been made.
We wish you health, and wish you wealth,
And many a merry day.
And a happy heart to play the part
On the great highway.
Phone 1
Prince Geotge
. * c««*
C. McElroy, Manager
Phone 11
Soulh Fori Ceorje
Domestic Coal
Of the highest grade obtainable and specially
sifted for domestic use.
Lath, Kiln Dried Coast and Local Lumber, Cedar Siding,
Sash and Doors, Building Papers, Ready
Roofings, Wall Boards, etc.
When a man has dyspepsia it is his
wife and others who have to come in
close contact with him who are troubled
with it.
for COAL or WOOD
of all kind] ud sizes for every Kitchen
We are exclusive agents for the famous
are right.
We are allowing a special 10 per cent,
discount on every article in our stores.
Orders will be taken at our Prince George
Yard as well as at our store at South.
Remember the 10 per cent. CASH Discount.
.. F. COOKE. Pm.
c. e. Mclaughlin, __m_.
Danforth & Mclnnis,
G. T. P. R.   fg
Edmonton - Prince George
Prince Rupert
No. 1 Leave Edmonton Tuesdays and Fridays 10-00 p. m.
West Bound- Arrive Prince George Wednesdays & Saturdays 8 00 p. m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,, 8-15 ,,
Arrive Prince Rupert Thursdays and Sundays  6-30p.m.
No. 2 Leave Prince Rupert Wednesdays and Saturdays 10 a.m.
East Bound- Arrive Prince George Thursdays and Sundays 8-30 a.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,, 8-45  ,,
Arrive Edmonton Fridays and Mondays 8-30 a.m.
Travel via the
Our Agents will be pleased to furnish any
information desired.
District Passenger Agent,
Winnipeg, Man,
Automobiles for hire.
Machinery Repaired.    Skates Sharpened.
Lathe Work.
South Fort George.
drummond a moKav,
Launches Overhauled and Repaired.  Storage.
Gasoline Oils and Accessories.
Phone 57. .,,   eieuce    IU   IiHUIlillt'   lilt!   MailU-
ling of mail at the front and to
insure prompt delivery it is requested that all mail be addressed
as follows:
(a) Rank; (b) Name; (c) Regimental Number; (d) Company,
Squadron, Battery or other unit;
(e) Battalion; (f) Brigade; (g)
First or Second Canadian Contingent; (b) British Expeditionary
Force; Army Post Office. London
Many a mnn claims to hnve the dearest little wife in the world, when ho
really means the cheapest.
j    The parlors of the Northern Ho-
Itt'l mi two occasions this month
The transfer ol the Turkish L, bm the8Ceneof the most
cao.ta! and of the Sultan s harem Loces8ful am, enjoyable rece tionB
from Constantinople to Broussa of the winter 8eagon On Saturday
(also written Brussa in Asia L, Warch flth Mr. and MrJ.
Minor and the removal ot all im-1 A]ber( Mmgm gM](,m] about th(,m
portant relics and historic treasures to that city with the Sultan
Mohammed V. has revived the
historic significance of Broussa
as the burial place of the first
two Turkish Sultans, Osman and
Orkhan. They were interred in
the circular church of St. Ellas,
which was destroyed by fire and
earthquake and subsequently re
built as the Green Mosque byi„
Ahmed Vel'yl Pasha, An American mission and British orphanage are located in the town. The
principal industry is silk spinning
NOTICE,   that  Leslie  Wnod ___^^^^^_^^__
E. B. Haynes  who have lately  its silk   exports   being   valued at
carried on  business in partnership .,,. ,.       ..   ,
under the lirm name and style of Haynes many millions annually. It also
& Wood, as Transportation Agents at has manufactures of silk Stuffs,
(eiacomlie Portage, B. C, have dissolved , . . ,
partnership and will henceforth be car-j towels, burnus, carpets, felt, and
 ' —'*■• " " "  prayer carpets  embroidered   in
Hot iron and sul-
ried on by E, B. Haynes.
All bills against  the late partnership ,   ...        ,      ,,
linn will he  paid  by  E. B. Haynes ten Silk and gold.    .„.  _...
whom all debts due and owing the said j phur  springs   located   near   the
partnership now  become due and pav-;   . ,, .    ,
able. j city are well patronized.
Dated the Ilth day of March, 1915.
Leslie Wood
E. B. Haynes
LARGE firm of London Furriers wish
to get into touch with collectors of
raw skins. Fox, Skunk, Musk Hat,
Wolf, etc., any qeianities, fair market
value. Can give references to leading
Canadian Banks.—The Wholesale Fur
Co., 201, Regent Street, London, Eng.
Will Jail Fanners
Who will not Produce
fifty of their friends and filled the
parlors to overflowing in honor of
thoir guest, Mrs. \V. S, Dixon, of
Vancouver. Six table, of "Auction
Bridge'' nml five of' 'Five Hundred"
were thoroughly enjoyed by the
guests. Mrs. Dunn, Lester Walker,
Frank O'Flaherty and Mr. Montgomery of the Royal Bank won the
"Bridge" prizes, while Mrs. Moftit,
P, Campbell and Mr. Wm.
Cooke earried off the "500" prizes.
A splendid luncheon was served
at midnight,  after which many of
Ottawa.—There have been IS,USUI
applications for seed grain from the
provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. The following
quantities are required, according to
a return laid on the table of the
commons: :',209,..S0 bushels of
oats; 3,306,840 bushels of wheat
and 46,000 bushels of barley. The
land for which seed is asked is
3,473,4,56 acres.
The government has on hand to
meet the applications the following:
2,812,000 bushels of wheat; 2,766,-
000 bushels of oats, and 38,000
bushels of barley.
The provincial governments are
passing legislation to ratify the
agreement to protect the security
which the federal government is
OUR Telegraph Office at Prince
George is now opt-n for bujiness.
All telegrams for Prince George
and Central Fort George will go
through  this office.   Free delivery
between Prince and Central.
BrllUh  Columbia  Land  Surrtjor
Land Ae/.it      Timber Cruller
Rcpreuntlreir CORE A MCGREGOR. Limited
McGregor Building, Third Streel. SOUTH
Venice.—The appeal issued to
farmers by the Austrian minister
of agriculture in which he urged
them not to leave a single plot of
ground anywhere uncultivated
has now been followed by a
peremptory decree by the Austrian government,, ordering landowners to sow immediately every
available part of their ground
with spring wheat. Where necessary, local authorities are empowered by the decree to provide labor for, this work and to
recover from the sale of crops
the expenditures incurred.
Failure to comply with the
edict is punishable by heavy fines
or imprisonment.
the guests — loth to break up and _^^^^^^^_^^^^^_^^_
leave too soon the pleasant memory I Canada's part in any Empire-
of the evening their hosts had'wide scheme for naval defence is
provided — settled down to a post j ably discussed in the March mini-
contest of several additional rubbers! ber of  McLean's Magazine  in  an
article from the pen of Sir Richard
McBride, who responded to a request from the editor for an expression of his views. Sir Richard
makes it clear that public opinion
throughout the Dominion is absolutely unanimous in the belief that
the time has arrived when it is imperatively necessary that the aspirations of the whole of the people of
the Dominions beyond the seas to
play their part in the upkeep of an
Imperial navy should assume concrete form.
i/i uguy      Mivwivuivtf,     i i VOVIIIIUUIIS
Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccos, at Wholesale and Retail
Stationery, Magazines, Newspapers, Confections and
Toilet Articles.
Fort George Drag Co. Ltd.
la* Ateime, Soulb Feert Cwtjt.   ::   <_«,« Start, Hmt faw
Kodaks - Gramophones - Records
at the Hudson's Bay Company's Office,  Fort
George (South), on and after 15th March, 1915.
N. H. Wesley,
Specialist in Farm Lands and Prince George Lots.
Phoenix Assurance Co. of London
Liverpool and London and Globe of Liverpool
British American Assurance Co. of Toronto.
Pioneer Real Estate and Insurance Agents of the Northern Interior
of British Columbia.
of Bridge.
The party given last Saturday
evening was in the nature of a surprize to Mrs. Albert Johnson on her
birthday. Various card games were
enjoyed, the Bridge contest being
| remarkably close in seores. The
guests voted a very pleasant evening
and extended to Mrs. Johnson their
best wishes for many happy returns
of the day.
*   «   «   »   »
Mrs. Allien Johnson accompanied
by her cousin. Mrs. W. S. Dickson,
left by Thursday's train for Edmonton, Calgary, and Vancouver.
* *   *   •   »
Mrs. F. O'Flaherty entertained at
tea Tuesday afternoon, in honor of
her mother, Mrs. W. S. Dickson,
who returned to Vancouver on
Mrs. Geo. McLaughlin entertained a large number of her friends on
Wednesday afternoon in honor of
Mrs, Peters of Edmonton, and Mrs.
\V, S. Dickson of Vancouver. A
very enjoyable time wasjhad by all.
Miss B, A, Fry, Graduate Nurse,
is now disengaged, She is staying
at Mrs, II, O, Williamson's, South
Fort George.   Phone 37.
* *   *   «   •
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Johnson entertained at dinner and bridge, a
party of friends Wednesday evening.
* #   »   »   #
Mrs. T. \V. Heme gave a bridge
party, Wednesday afternoon at thc
Government House.
* t   •   •   •
Judge Calder, of Ashcroft, arrived
at the Hotel Northern, Wednesday
evening, coming via Edmonton, to
hold a term of Court commencing
* #      ft      4      4
The opening of the Dardanelles it
is said will allow Russia to get badly
needed supplies of military requirements.    Russia's vast army is altogether out of proportion to the capacity of its ammunition  factories, |
and the fighting along a five hun- j
dred mile front for 9ix months must I
have exhausted the reserve stores.:
It is believable that the heavy losses!
they have sustained at times, the
frequency with  which they  have
had to rely on the bayonet, and the
repeated withdrawals from  Austria
just when that country seemed on
the verge of collapse,  were due to
scarcity of cartridges and shells.
P. BURNS & CO. Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in ail Kinds of
Fresh and  Cured Meats
Butter, Cheese, Eggs;   |   So^tT60 toall
Highest Prices Paid for Hides and Live Stock
""""    Fort George and Sonth Fort George.    *"•■•••
Contractors & Builders
Ct Our Estimate. Pr« of Charge Job Work Neatly .nd Promptly Extent.
PMONt   26
While the appropriation of 8125,-
000, contained in the provincial
estimates for the Cariboo, is far less
than what could be profitably employed in opening up the section,
considering tlie conditions of the
country as a whole, with heavy expenditures necessary for war purposes the heavy work and development will have to wait, better times
which we hope is not long deferred.
.. GO TO..
For Your Groceries.
10 per cent, less than any other
house in town.
A very pretty wedding took place
in the Catholic Church, Stayner,
Ontario, on February 10th, when
•Mr. Thomas Albert Regan, of Soutli
Fort George, 1 . C., and son of Mr.
Thomas Regan, Soutli Orillia, was
married to Miss Elizabeth,Emes, of
Stayner. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Father O'Brien, A
sumptuous wedding breakfast was
served at the home of the bride before the happy couple left on their
wedding tour. Thoy will visit Cincinnati and Chicago before returning
to the west, where they will take up
their residence at Soutii Fort George.
The bridal couple are very popular
as was evidenced by the largo number of handsome wedding presents
which they received.
»   «   »   «   »
Registrar of Voters For Fort George Distrtct
T. VV, Heine, Government Agent
! at Sonth Fort George, has beet) appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor
as Registrar nl'   Voters   for the new
electoral district of Kort (ieorge..
A fire on Third Ave,, Ft. George
Tuesday evening completely gutted
the residence of Mr. Donnely. The
family were calling on some neighbors when the fire broke out, which
when discovered, had made considerable headway, Practically everything in the house was ruined. It
was only through the vigilant efforts
of the fire brigade aiid the use of
chemicals that the fire was got under control. I,. McLean and family who live next door — only a few
feet from the burning building —
had a bad scare and took the precaution, with the aid of many wiling helpers, to "move out" for tlie
time being. Fortunately, their residence was unharmed. — The origin of the lire is unaccountable.
•   •   •   •   •
Dixie Moore of the B. C. Express
returned from Vancouver and Ashcroft this week.
Phone 57.
Panama   .Views   Stands
East-Bo und Train Delayed 24 Hours
The train from Prince Rupert due
at Prim* George Thursday morning
was 21 hours late and did not leave
for the east until Friday morning.
The recent warm weather has caused
land slides, particularly in vicinity
of Hazelton, holding back the train
at several points.
4      #      ft      t      t
Mrs. Mather, m's Spring Opening
.    I ...     Willi-      I      •    "■
If it's
George Street, Prince (ieorge, and In Art Millinery, last Monday, was
Hamilton Street, South Fort Oeorge
have your Home Newspapcre, also
Magazines, '.'igarn, Cigarettes and
Snuffs. Vou will find there, too, it
complete line ol' Stationery. We
are up-to-date in everything.
Th. Panama Njiwi Co,
decidedly a sueccHJ,
Architect and Civil Engineer
Tern[>orBry Office :
Corner Vancouver and Eighth .Streets,
You want,
Go to
Kennedy, Blair & Co.
....   _.


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