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Fort George Herald 1912-06-15

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 VOL. 3,_NO. U.    -,.) '"Zj-Z   .';•' -  ZZ' -
Engineers and Contractors
Now Established Here
District Engineer George Wase,
of the Grand Trunk Pacific, and
staff of seven men, arrived last
evening from up-river and will
be at once establish headquarters
at South Fort George. They
expected to be located here for
at least two years, or until construction is completed from the
east and west. Mr. Wase is well
known to a number of the early
residents here, having been in
charge of  the  railway's   first
George Hardie who has a contract for clearing a hundred miles
of right-of way commencing six
miles east of here and extending
west, arrived last evening with
a gang of men. With him came
a barge carrying twelve tons of
supplies. Additional barges and
men are expected to arrive daily,
and within the next few weeks
two or three hundred men will
be at work on this right-of-way
contract. Mr. Hardie has established his main camp on Observation island, just above this
McGoffin & Berg, contractors,
have now a camp a short distance
below Willow river.    Yesterday
they landed a large quantity of
supplies and equipment from the
barge fleet now in regular commission from Tete Jaune Cache.
Sten Lund, whose contract is
east of here,  came down last
evening in his gasoline launch in
company with Mr.  Oline,  his
purchasing agent.    They leave
for the up-river camps again tomorrow.  They report good progress being made in the initial
stages of grade work, and are
increasing their working force
daily,   Mr. Lund purchased a
valuable piece of business property during his visit here last
week, and it is understood the
erection of his three-storey office
building  will  be   commenced
Grading camps are now located
all along the right-of-way from
Tete Jaune Cache to Fort George.
The transportation of supplies
which delayed work to a considerable extent in the earlier part
of the season owing to low water
>n the upper river, is now going
forward steadily by means of
barges and rafts. Within the
Past week several of these rude
craft, each carrying twelve to
nfteen tons of supplies, have come
trough from the head waters
w'th little or no delay in the
canyon and rapids.
During the past week the
water has risen considerably, due
10 the melting of the glacial ice
ot the northern tributaries, and
navigation has been greatly aided
ln consequence.
The heads of the several contracting firm8 recently arpived
„   raakmg this town their headquarters.     U  j8  reportefJ that
J"»n a few days buildings will
^erected on the Grand Trunk
J^ite, on the Fraser river,
J accommodate the staffs of the
Jrent departments of
Action.   When
the northern end of the G. T. P.
townsite to the southern limits of
South Fort George, will be given
up to the docking of river craft
engaged in the carrying of supplies and building material.
Among this week's arrivals,
from up-river points is Dr. L. E.
Evans, Grand Trunk Pacific physician. Dr. Evans is no stranger
to Fort George. Seven years ago
he was through this country with
one of the railway company's
first survey parties. He has visited the district on several occasions since that time and has
made several investments in farm
lands, He also owns a block of
land adjacent to the Grand Trunk
Pacific townsite.
Dr. Evans pays a warm tribute
to the business men and citizens
of South Fort George. "You
have a body of wideawake people
here," he told the Herald, "and
your influence will be enormous
in the building up of the city
destined to grow here."
Dr. Evans will establish his
headquarters in this town, While
his professional duties for the
railway company must of necessity take up a large part of his
time, he hopes to be able to devote some attention to his prop-,
erty interests in the district.
on the
t,j„ •"."","■   ""«> works
2^gh-level bridge is under
haiTu •    differentcontractors
ve their camps in full opera-
w»e entire waterfront from
Word has been received by
W. E. Duperow, general agent
of the passenger department of
the Grand Trunk Pacific, that
the railway commission had
granted the company permission
to operate trains over the section
of line reaching from Vanarsdol
to the Skeena Crossing, and
arrangements will be made to
take immediate advantage of the
opportunity which has been
sought by the officials of the line
for over a month. The first train
over the line left Prince Rupert
last Saturday and marks a new
era in the history of the construction of the G.T.P. Ever since
last autumn trains have run only
as far as Vanarsdol, and the
difficulty of getting into Hazelton
has been accentuated with floods
on the Skeena during the past
few weeks.
The trains will now run right
to the Skeena Crossing, where,
instead of having to buck the
current for many miles, the river
will only have to be crossed and
passengers will be carried by
stage the remaining 16 miles to
Hazelton, The road construction
over this 16 miles is progressing
rapidly and will be awaiting the
the completion of the bridge during the latter part of the season.
Trains will run from Prince
Rupert to Skeena Crossing every
Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
William Ewing is en route
here with thirty-two head of beef
cattle from the Chilcotin country.
Local butchers are kept busy
supplying the increasing demand
for fresh meat,
Backed by capital totalling over
$45,000,000 and with almost unlimited resources on which to
draw, Mr. J. M. King, an English
promoter and capitalist, who has
been interested in railroads for
the past ten or twelve years, and
who has built roads through East
Africa, India and Somalieland,
is in Edmonton investigating conditions which it will be necessary
to meet in the construction of a
fourth transcontinental railroad.
The London and Dominion Trust
company, of which Mr. King is
president, has already investi-
ijated the requirements |of the
country through which the proposed line will run and has had
engineers estimate the difficulties
which will be experienced.
The announcement of the construction of the new road was
made by Mr. King last week.
Work will be started on it this
summer and rushed forward with
all possible speed. Mr. King,
accompanied by Mr. Williams,
'he engineer who will be in
charge of the construction of the
line, will leave for the north in
a few days to learn at first hand
the nature of the country in the
Peace River district.
Unlike the transcontinentals
which have already been built,
the new road, according to Mr.
King, will be started in the
middle of the continent and built
eastward and westward at the
same time. Fort McMurray will
be the starting point of the main
line although the first work will
be done on a branch line from
Edmonton to Fort McMurray,
the main purpose of which will ]
be to bring the building materials
to the scene of operations. Westward the line will be built as far
as Peace River Crossing within
the next two years. Eastward
the line will run to a point on
Hudson's Bay and later from
thence to the Atlantic ocean,
Provision for numerous extensions are made in the Dominion
charter which the company nelds.
The work which is planned so
far is only the 1,500 miles stretch
from Peace River Crossing to
Hudson's Bay, and the branch
line from Edmonton to Fort
McMurray. It totals 1,500 miles
of road at an average cost of
$22,000 per mile, making a total
estimated cost of $33,000,000.
The terminus on Hudson's Bay
has not been decided, but the
company is prepared to spend
four million pounds sterling in
making it, and the Pacific harbor,
two of the best harbors in the
< When the road from Peace
River to that point is completed
it is the intention of the company
to organize a fleet of steamers of
their own plying between the
terminus of their road and European points.
Believed Indian Outlaws
Are West of Fort George
The local police yesterday
received notification of the theft
of two horses' from Thos.Blench's
stable, a few miles up the Fraser
Lake road from Blackwater.
On Thursday two strange and
suspicious-looking Indians were
seen near Blackwater. They
were heading in a northerly
direction and on being observed
and accosted took to the dense
timber in evident haste. They
both carried rifles and small
Many in the district are inclin-
to believe that the two Indian
murderers- and outlaws, Moses
Paul and Paul Spintlam, are
working their way northward to
avoid the keen hunt now being
Judge Calder opened the sit-
ofthe County Court here this
morning, Two small debt cases
made up the list before the court.
Hamilton v. Hofercamp—The
plaintiff sued for an account of
$107.50 alleged to be due since
1908 for board and lodging.
Judgment for $87 with costs was
given for the plaintiff. Jas.
Murphy, of Ashcroft, for the
plaintiff; E. J. Avison, of Quesnel, for the defendant.
Hamilton v. Smith—Plaintiff
claimed $161.00 for goods furnished. Judgment delivered for
$112.00 and costs. Jas. Murphy
for plaintiff; N, Montgomery
and E. J. Avison for defendant.
Mr. James Murphy, the well-
known Ashcroft lawyer, is here
on professional business. This
is Mr. Murphy's first visit to the
capital of New Cariboo, and he is
agreeably surprised at the size
and business activity of this two-
year-old town. He may decide
take up residence and practice
his profession here.
A party of Illinois capitalists
arrived by Thursday's boat and
are being shown over the district
by Mr, R. R. Walker, local repre
sentative of the North Coast
Land company. The party includes Messrs. Chas. <J. Oliver,
N. C. Fisher, O. L. Prohaska, A.
C. Wilde. M, H. Fisher, Chicago;
T. P. Chester and Hiram Crist,
of Champaign, 111.
The new river steamer, the
"B.C. Express," is expected to
arrive early next week from Soda
Creek on her maiden trip. She
was given government inspection
yesterday and emerged with flying colors. The new boat is built
especially for the up-river trade
and is the most powerful of her
kind on the river. She is 140 feet
long, four feet shorter than the
B.X., and a few feet wider; beam
28 feet; horsepower, 265; passenger capacity, 150, and freight
capacity 110 tons. She is fitted
with electic lights, The boiler is
a Yarrow, 350 lbs. pressure.
Captain Bucey will be in command. Other officers are: First
mate, F. A. Waller; chief engineer, R, Denniston; second engineer, E. Meen; purser, S. Murel.
Her first trip will probably be to
Tete Jaune Cache.
prosecuted for them in the Chilcotin country, and that they are
responsible for the theft of the
Blench horses, From the lower
country comes the word that no
trace of the outlaws has been
seen for about two weeks, although a party of fifty men are
scouring the country for miles
around the scene of the murder
of Constable Kindness.
The provincial police authorities have been notified of the
belief now prevalent here that
the outlaws are working north
in the possible hope of joining
Gun-a-noot, the Hazelton Indian
outlaw, who for three years has
eluded all attempts made to effect
his capture.
Mrs. Brawn left last week for
New Brunswick, having received
a message informing her of the
serious illness of her mother, |
The "Chilcotin" left yesterday
with a large cargo of lumber and
contractors' supplies for the
camps near Willow river.
Work will commence Monday
on the new hotel at the cornerof
Fourth and Hamilton and no
time will be lost in rushing the
building to an early completion.
With all railway construction
companies making South Fort
George their headquarters, this
town promises to be the busiest
spot on the entire western
section of the transcontinental.
Hotel accommodation is right
now taxed to capacity. During
the next few weeks when construction will be in full swing
along the Fraser contiguous to
the town, the need of additional
accommodation is certain to be
felt. Messrs. Warcup & Nicholls'
new hostelry will do much to relieve this increasing demand.
The new hotel will have 40
rooms. W. B. Dean is the
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Joyce, of
Quesnel, were visitors here this
Percy Pinker, a pre-emptor
living east of the Fraser, suffer
ing from a painful abscess on the
hip, was operated on today by
Dr. Lazier. He is recovering
Mr. C. W. Grain, government
agent and court registrar Barkerville, is at the court sittings
today. Mrs. Grain accompanies
her husband on her first visit to
the northern metropolis.
Mr. J. K. More, government
road inspector, is spending some
time in the district. He announces himself as well pleased
with the progress being made on
the new roads under Mr.
McNevins superintendence, He
leaves Monday for the Nechaco
valley and Fraser Lake.
It is reported on what appears
to be good authority that the
railway being built from Edmonton to Dunvegan on the Peace
River by J. D. McArthur, is the
Great Northern enterprise to
connect the G.N. main line with
the Peace River. A line is projected and is now being surveyed
from a point in eastern Montana
through Swift Current, Sask., to
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Devoted   to   the   interests   of   Fort
Oeorge and the entire Northern Interior.
industrial chaos recently enacted IN THE MATTER of theC^™.*-.
... ,.   ,,   , ,,      n A"**    o"-f   IN   THF.   MAllfc/K   OI
in the vicinity of Yale on the C,
J. B. DANIELL. Editor.
There is a rumor current about
town that the Minister of Lands,
Hon, W. R. Ross, will be among
our visitors next week. Should
the report prove true, everybody
will be pleased to ascribe the
purpose of the visit to a desire on
the part of the minister to acquaint himself with local conditions and the operation of the
land policy in this district. As
petitions and requests have been
made repeatedly to the government for some modification of
that policy in regard to government reserves and the insufficiency of a pre-emptors's record
as a warrant for settlers to undertake the improvement of their
pre-emptions, it is probable "the
minister will secure a first-hand
knowledge of the facts and determine the remedy later.
It is about time the government
overcame the necessity of recalling records issued to pre-emptors,
and entailing the consequent
hardship on settlers of having to
move off land on which they had
already made considerable improvements including the construction of buildings.
We entertain the hope that Mr,
Ross will appreciate the advantage it would be to this district
to have the reserve extending on
either side of the Fraser river to
the Alberta boundary opened for
settlement. With railway construction now progressing in that
siction, a market is offered for
all produce available. There is
'little of this, however, as the land
is not open for any purpose,
With whatever disfavor the
pre-emption of land may be regarded, it still seems the best
way to settle the vacant lands of
the crown. If these lands be sold
no doubt a handsome sum will be
realized which will assist in carrying out the big railway projects
and opening up the country. But
if settlers must buy the land
from big companies, who will be
the chief purchasers from the
government, it is useless to anticipate much rapidity in agricultural development of that part of
the district.
Of the present provincial cabinet the Premier and the Minister
of Public Works have already visited Fort George, and when the
Minister of Lands returns to his
department we trust the advantage of his trip to these parts
will accrue to the people in a
measure calculated to remove
some of the present difficulties
which militate against the settlement and development of this
N. construction. We promise
the order of foreign agitators
known as "I Won't Works" a
warm reception should they attempt to spread their pernicious
doctrine of lawlessness here. At
the same time the representative
bodies of this town will stand by
the workers for a square deal
and a peaceful adjustment of any
differences that may arise.
We do not anticipate any justifiable dissatisfaction in the G,
T. P. camps. From our own
knowledge and from the opinions
expressed by those of the workers we have come in contact
with, they are receiving good
treatment and fair wages.
The law-abiding industrial class
will receive a warm welcome to
the town, but the disturber, the
bootlegger and the tinhorn will
find this climate decidedly unhealthy should he attempt to ply
his trade in South Fort George.
Act;   and  IN  THE  MATTER
Cooke, Peden & Company, Li.uited.
Cooke, Peden & Company, Limited, will
at the expiration of one month from
the first publication hereof apply to the
Registrar of Companies for approval ot
change of name from Cooke, Peden 4
Company, Limited, to  "The Northern
Lumber    &    Mercantile     Company,
Dated this 4th day of May, 1912.
Quesnel, B.C,
Solicitor for Cooke, Peden &
Company, Limited.
District of Cariboo.
Take notice that Arthur Charles Egbert McElroy, of South Fort George,
B.C., manager, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
Northwest corner of Lot 4201 and
marked C. McElroy's Northeast corner,
thence south 10 chains, thence west 40
chains, thence north 80 chains more or
lesB to the Nechaco River, thence following the said river southeasterly to
the point of commencement and containing 140 acres more or less.
Arthur Charles Egbert McElroy.
May 6th, 1912. jul20
During the next three or four
years the town of South Fort
George will be the centre of all
the railway construction activity
for this district. Events of the
past week ond the statements of
railway contractors guarantee
this. We wonder if the citizens
of this town have a full realization of what this means. We all
agree that the growth of the
town will be remarkable; the
evidences of this in the form of
new business places and residences are seen on every hand.
By steamboat, barge, canoe and
raft the mighty Fraser is bringing scores of people every day—
prospective investors, homeseek-
ers, mechanics, laborers—each
with the object in view of bettering his condition in the vast,
fertile empire now being opened
up by the national transcontinental. Each newcomer will find
here the object of his quest. In
no other part of this continent
could they find equal opportunities for remunerative investments, or could they hope for
better returns for their labors.
Speaking to the assembled
business men at the banquet
given the railway builders last
Friday evening one of the extractors sounded a warning note
to the citizens in general. He
spoke of the "won't work" element who follow construction
camps and make it their business
to incite unrest and lawlessness
among the workers. An equally
sndesirable class were the human
vultures who prey upon the
weaknesses of mankind and
swindle the worker out of the
fruits of his labor. The contractor advised the citizens here to
see that such undesirables were
kept on the move. The advice is
well worth heeding. We want
no repetition of the disorder and
The appointment of E. J. Chamberlin to the G.T.P. presidency
recalls the time when he walked
into the arms of opportunity,
After the G.T.P. had acquired
the Canada Atlantic, Mr. Chamberlin went to Mexico, where he
built a railway and managed it.
While he was there, Frank Morse
suddenly resigned as general
manager of the G.T.P. The late
C. M. Hays, a year ago, told a
reporter the circumstances.
' 'I was absolutely dumbfounded
when the resignation was handed
in," he said. ' 'The necessity for
a big man right away was great.
As I sat at my desk, wondering
how I was to get out of the difficulty, my secretary brought me
a card 'Edson J. Chamberlin.'
'The very man,' I said to myself.
Mr. Chamberlin had merely come
in on a friendly call on his way
though Montreal on a holiday. I
offered him the position, and he
was the most surprised man 1
ever saw."
The Ottawa Free Press claims to
have authority for the statement
that the King's birthday honors
which in all probability will be
announced on June 20 will include
the Right Hon. R. L. Borden,
Hon. Richard McBride, premier
of British Columbia, and Hon.
R. P. Roblin, premier of Manitoba. The Free Press also states
that a couple of chief justices
and one or two lieutenant-governors will also be included.
Robert Spinks
Painting and Paperhanging
— -— i-   • —•—-
South Fort George : B.C.
SEALED TENDERS  addressed  to
the undersigned and marked on  the
envelope "Tender for Buildings,  Fort
George Reserve," will be received  up
to noon of Tuesday,  July 2,   1912,   for
the erection of the following buildings
for Indians  on  the  under mentioned
On Reserve No. 2, Fort George, B.C.
18 large dwellings for Indians.
6 small        " "
1 Church.
1 Schoolhouse.
On Reserve No. 3, Fort George,  B.C.
4 large dwellings for Indians.'
6 small
On Reserve No. 4, Fort George B.C.
1 large dwelling for Indians.
2 small dwellings for Indians.
Plans and specifications may be seen
at the offices of Mr. John F. Smith, Indian Agent, Kamloops; Mr. Peter
Byrne, Indian Agent, New Westminster; Mr. Wm. McAllan, Indian Agent,
Fraser Lake; Mr. A. M. Tyson, Inspector of Indian Agencies, Vancouver;
Mr. W. E. Ditchburn, Inspector of
Indian Agencies, Victoria: and the post
offices at Ashcroft, Quesnel and Fort
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered bank
for ten per cent, of the amount of the
tender, made payable to the order of
the undersigned, which will be forfeited
if the person or persons tendering decline to enter into a contract when called upon to do so, or fail to complete the
work contracted for. If the tender be
not accepted the cheque will be returned.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
The unauthorized insertion of this advertisement in any newspaper will not
be paid for.
Asst. Deputy and Sec'y.
Department of Indian Affairs,
Ottawa, May 1, 1912.
Prescriptions a
Fort George
Drug Co.
MDAA1TC bytne Dest
DUUAi} authors.   A
large shipment just received
Toilet articils, Patent Medicines,
Magazinei.,Books. Stationery, .
Toilet Articles. Druggists Sundries
Little Nugget
The most modern and best-appointed
cafe in Fort George.
Meals       -       SO Cents
Short Orders a Specialty
Mrs. F. C. Nahrwald, Proprietress
Cor. Hamilton and Third
South Fort George.
I am prepared to
Locate Pre-emptors
N. C. Jorgensen.
P. 0. B*» 21. Ssslh Fort Gesrie, I. C,
Satisfaction guar-
Repairing   «*
Send articles by mall to Fort George, B.C.
1 The New Goods Are Here!
A Our New Stock is now on display—the finest
ever brought to this country.    Every line is
now complete.
Our Prices Are Still the Lowest
Hardware       Groceries      Boots and Shoes
Clothing        Builders' Supplies
W. F. COOKE    f.
Northern Lumber Co., Limited |
|j Store, Office and Lumber Yard, South Fort George |
^.W*!**P/xWW5&2,BWWJKW>S?J*/23JB^&5B^K^BJBWW3B^&W J*/W.-i
City Livery, Feed &
Sale Stafol
Ae   I. A. WHITE,
Single and Double Driving Horses.   Saddle and Pack Horses.
New Buggies and Thoroughly Reliable Rigs.
Fort George Hardware Co.
General Hardware and Sheet Metal Workers.
All kinds of tin and sheet Iron work done.
Camp stoves
Hot air Furnaces, etc.
We don't ask you to purchase South Fort George teta by
making a pencil mark on a townsite plan—You would
be safe in so doing, but if skeptical
Investigate Our Proposition
and you will find a good live town--Two banks, saw mill,
pool hall, newspaper, two general stores, splendid
hotel, bakery, stationery store, mail-boat
landing, scores of buildings,
and crowds of satisfied buyers
write rom mrOBMATION TO
172 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B C , or the resident agent,
g. e. Mclaughlin
Fourth Avenue, South Fort George
'4 Occidental Amm__ ft
3     Hotel kc     l
Most modern up-to-date hotel in the interior of British
V^ Columbia.
m New four-storey building.  Accommodation for 120 guests
fj All outside rooms—large, well-lighted and ventilated.
Steam heated.
Weekly and monthly rates on application
Wire for rooms Wire for rooms
E. L. KEPNER, Proprietor
*& ... HAZELlun nuDi
After a three days' struggle
before the railway commission at
Ottawa, the celebrated Hazelton
station site controversy earner to
a close on the 7th inst. and judgment was reserved. No decision
will be handed out by the board
until Acting Chairman Scott and
Commissioner Mills, who left
while the case was in progress
for Nova Scotia, have returned
to the capital and have had time
to read the evidence. When the
hearing of the case was renewed
Engineer Walker of the Grand
Trunk stated that it would be
quite possible to build a station
at South Hazelton with the proper curvatures and grades. There
were many stations in eastern
Canada no more favorably located than South Hazelton, as, for
instance. Renfrew and Arnprior.
Chief Operating Officer Nixon,
of the commission, wanted to
know whether the Grand Trunk
did not divert much of its traffic
from the Canada Atlantic division
because of the grades and curvatures at Renfrew and Arnprior.
The witness, however, would not
admit this, and thought the curve
at South Hazelton could be
straightened out and the ..maximum G.T.P. grade maintained at
an additional expenditure of $20, -
000. Mr. Cauchon, civil engineer
of Ottawa, stated that in his
opinion the necessary engineering work at South Hazelton might
cost $200,000.
Mr. Smellie, acting for the applicant Kelly, then summed up.
He read correspondence to show
it had been the desire of the G,
T.P. originally to build a station
at New Hazelton, and stated that
engineering difficulties   plainly
precluded South Hazelton as a
station site.  He desired confirmation of the board's first order.
Mr. Thompson,   representing
the mine owners and lumbermen
of the district, stated that New
Hazelton was the most acceptable
shipping point for them, and was
followed by Mr. McKay for the
settlers of Ellison, the original
townsite, who argued that the
interests of his clients be not forgotten,
Mr, Lucas, of Victoria, representing the old Hazelton board of
trade and the residents of the old
town, argued that the best interests of all parties concerned
would be served by the issuance
of an order to erect the station
« South Hazelton.
iitNfcKAL UirUKRlAllUN
An influential corporation is
being formed by the Duke of
Sutherland for further extension
°f his ideas in promoting and ex-
fending the settlement of Britishers under improved conditions.
The corporation which, will be
under the presidency of Sir Wil-
"am Whyte, will be controlled by
some of the most prominent men
ln Canadian affairs. All profits
above a small interest will be
used for enlarging the sphere of
the movement,
A large tract of land near Fort
^orge, recently purchased by
the Duke of Sutherland and now
being colonized by Scottish farmers, will become a part of the
rhe Chateau Laurier, Ottawa's
new two million dollar hotel, was
JPened on June 1st.   Sir Wilfrid
laurier was the first to sign the
reKister, leading two hundred
°™er opening day guests.    The
notel 1S a part of the G, T. P.
There are a great number of town-
site properties on the  market in the
land adjoining the Indian  Reservation
here.   Most of the subdivided properties are owned, sold by or controlled by
the Natural Resources Security Company, Limited, of Vancouver.    Their
properties comprise Lots 777, 1430,936,
1429,  937,  938,  2608, 2610  and 2507.
The South Fort George townsite, the
Dusiness and residential centre of the
district, is situated on Lots 933 and
934.   The Hudson's Bay property anc
Lots 931 and   932,  generally known
as the "Bird Addition" are not as
yet on the market.    The area Bub-
divided, and either    owned or sold
on the profit   sharing   plan hy the
Natural   Resources   Security    Company Ltd., totals about 1800 acres.
This concern   has   been responsible
for   such   development    as may be
found today on a small portion ol
Lot 938, the smallest of their subdivisions.  Their     townsites are located on a high jack-pine flat. The
soil is gravelly, and, generally speaking, will not produce domestic vegetation. There are no wells on the
townsite,  owing to its height, and
water   must, be     brought trom the
river. Tbe South Fort George town-
site is a very much smaller area. It
totals about 150 acres, and is situated on the lower benches ol the
Fraser River, which is navigated by
the largest   steamboats   throughout
the open season. The Nechaco River
townsites are not regular ports oi
call, as   owing to   the difficulty in
navigating the Nechaco river except
in high water the boats do not call
there unless paid to do so. Lots in
some sub-divisions of tbe Natural Resources Security   Company   Limited
have not increased in value to any
material degree during the past three
years.   Their    initial    sub-divisions
are as yet quite indeveloped. South
Fort George is a good live town. It
has been largely    built up and developed by the pioneer element, who
settled on the    site as soon as   it
was placed on the market. The Late
John Houston, the veteran frontier
newspaperman, established his paper
at South Fort George in its earliest
days. Tbe town contains over two-
thirds of tbe entire population of all
the inhabited townsites. It has two
banks, the   Bank of British North
America and the   Trader's Bank of
Canada,   two    sawmills,   tin shop,
three large general   stores, a large
theatre, a newspaper Issued by the
pioneer   publishers of    the Cariboo
district, a licenced hotel, pool ball,
bakers, confectioners, two churches,
drug store and restaurants. It is Ibe
terminus ot    the   British Columbia
Express Company's mail steamboats
and stage line. It is the headquarters
of the Fort    George   Trading    and
Lumber   Company's  steamboat and
sawmilllng   operations.    Tha  headquarters ot the Northern Lumber Co.
merchants and    sawmill  operators.
It is close proximity to the Government buildings,   and is situated ln
such  manner    that  the    main development of the Indian Reservation
will benefit   it more    directly than
any other sites. The railways that
are to be built from the south must
of necessity follow the Fraser River
shoreline in order to secure a water
grade, and will form a junction witb
tbe main line of the G. T. P. near
the east end of the Indian Reserve.
Acreage   close to    the South Fort
George townsite Is   changing hands
every day for large figures. The land
comprising the   South Fort George
townsite, and   all the Fraser River
properties   is of   excellent   quality,
covered with a light growth ot poplar with scattered firs.
The foregoing resume of the town-
sites here will give the reader some
idea ot tbe respective merits ot botb
townsites. The Fort George Herald
has no affiliations with either of the
exploiting companies whose interests appeal to be opposed. Those
who have invested in South Fort
George property, not too far back
from the river, may rest assured
that they have excellent value for
the money they have invested, owing
to the rapid growth ot development
created by independent inltative. If
they desire to sell they should list
their properties with one of the
IocaI realty operators, who are constantly recording handsome profits
for investors. Lots in the townsites
ot the Natural Resources /Security
Company depend tor their value on
their proximity to that portion ot
their property along the waterfront
at which they are trying to centralize their development. At that point
the townsite company is putting up
a number of buildings, and are trying
in every way to start a trend of
development, having their business
centre for its radiating point. This
will hardly be accomplished to any
satisfactory degree for the large
majority on their sites, for a long
time to come. We advise no one to
purchaae on the strength of their advertised statements. Intending investors in any sub-divisions here
should bear in mind that the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway Company's
townsite will add about one thousand acres more townsite property
to the combined area ottered tor
habitation. The market has been
dangerously flooded already, and
bearing this in mind the careful Investor will not venture his funds In
any townsite that can not actually
claim the active and independent
development that signifies the approval oi the people on the ground.
Unless they can invest in a townsite
that is being developed and Increased ln value by Independent enterprise, they had better await the
sale of the    O. T. P. property or
Intending settlers can obtain 1KU
acres ot land by pre-emption. There
are large tracts ot land open for
alienation by pre-emption only, in
this district. The land is capable of
raising good crops ot garden produce, bay, oats, and practically anything but fruit, which has not so far
proved a success up here, should
maintain that this district should
not be regarded as a truit growing
country until tbat branch ot culture
has been properly tested. This is
naturally a mixed farming country.
Wild berries, however, are found
throughout the whole northern interior country, as far north as the
Peace River Plateaux. Wagon roads
are being built into the surrounding
country, and progress will be made
on such public works, as future circumstances demand. The Fraser and
Nechaco Rivers afford transportation
to their tributary valleys, the Fraser
particulary, being navigable tor 160
miles south and 315 miles north of
this point. We believe that the best
way to secure a i good pre-emption
is by engaging the services of one
af the reliable locators, who make a
business of locating the settler.
Some ot these men have been in the
district for a long time, and can
save the land hunter time and cash
by his experience. The Herald will
be pleased to advise the settler regarding lands open tor pre-emption
and the best means of obtaining
information thereof, on application.
Building materials are at band in
large quantities. The local mills
have about three million feet ot
lumber in the yards, in preparation
for the spring. Lumber costs from
|35 to $75 a thousand teet. People
intending building should consult
by letter some of the local contractors, who, we are Informed, will
be pleased to furnish all Information.
The fare Into the country from the
railway point, Ashcroft, fluctuates
with the seasons. During the summer
when navigation Is open on the
Fraser River, May 1st. to October
31st., the fare amounts to $45, and
the expenses en route about $10.
This is by automobile and steamboat. The winter fare, from November 1st. to March 31st. totals $62,
with expenses ot about $15. Travel
in tbe winter Is by sleigh. The express rate In the summer is 12J cts,
per th. The winter rate 20cts. Tbe
summer Freight rate is 6centa, and
the winter rate llcents per lb.
The cost of living may be gaged
by the following scale of prices now
prevailing. This rate will be materially reduced when freight comes
down the Fraser River from Tete
Juane Cache, via the G. T. P. steel
from Edmonton. This should transpire next summer: Flour 11 cts lb.
3ugar 14 cts. tb. Ham 35 cts. Ib.
Bacon 40 cts. lb. Beans 15 cts lb.
Rice 15 cts. lb. Dried Iruiti 25 cts lb*
Overalls sell for $1.26 a pair. Meat
18 cts. lb. Meals in the hotels, however, cost but 50 cents each.
The banking Interest charged here
is ten per eent.
Employment ln the past has been
limited to survey work, building
trades, (carpenters), loggers, steamboat crews, packers, canoe men,
land and timber cruisers, laborers
on government road work, and such
work as has been done towards the
development ot townsite properties.
Farm laborers are not in demand as
yet. There is no railway work here
up to tht present, but during the
next season and thereafter laborers
may reach the grade trom this place,
that Is, after next June or July.
Wages range from $4 to $7 a day,
according to the class of labor.
Prospectors will find practically a
virgin field for their explorations
The whole district has every indication of being highly mineralized.
The Place
The Store
ST. STEPHEN'S-Services next Sunday: 8.30, Matins and Litany; 9, Holy
Eucharist (sung); 8 p. m., Children's
Service; 7.30, Evensong and Sermon.
KNOX CHURCH-Services every Sunday evening at 7.30. C. M. Wright.
Office and Store Fixtures.
Hamilton Ave.    South Fort George
P.A.Landry J.H.McGrboor J.F.Temm.eton
T. A. Kelly, Timber Department
Gore & McGregor
British   Colombia   Land   Snrveyora
Land Agents Timber Oulsom
Chancery Chambers, Langley Street, V1CTOIUA,
B.C.. P.O. Box 1S2, Phone 684.
McGregor Building, Thin! Street, SOUTH FORT
Do you |
contemplate |
53 1      •1J»        9) Then in- g
1 budding? s-ssi
9    manahiD and set our estimate,    ft
a     Contractors * Builders.     K
4 Hamilton and Pint K
ftTH SPRIN everyone wants something
NEW. Try this store for the best the
market affords. We are showing a particularly
nice line of
Prints, Ginghams, Muslins,
atins, Sateens, Silks, Etc.
If your storekeeper has not got it, try Quesnel's
leading merchant
Front Street
Quesnel, B. C.
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
Prospective Builders
Are you aware that it takes less labor to build with OUR BONE DRY
LUMBER, and that the result is permanent, weatherproof and saves
repairs and fuel; also that the lumber costs no more than other lumber?
All Kinds of Lumber and Mouldings For Sale.
The Fort George Trading & Lumber Co., Ltd.
SOUTH FORT GEORGE, B.C.    Phone 11.   Chas. E. McElroy, Mgr.
Pioneers in Sawmilling and Steamboating on the Upper Fraser
and Tributaries.
Our GUMLESS SPRUCE SIDING and V-JOINT will not warp, check
nor shrink endways, and contains no gum to cause the paint to peel.
Farm Lands,      Timber Lands,      City Property,      Garden Tracts.
Fire, Accident and Life Insurance.
HAMILTON STREET        -     -     -      SOUTH FORT GEORGE
TWO SECTIONS of choice land in the Salmon River
Valley.   Price, per acre $15
Only one
-      $55
575 ACRES of land suitable for subdividing,
mile from town.    Price, per acre
TEN-ACRE Garden Tract, close in, per acre
o Roberts, Jones & Willson a
EDWARDROKRTSiKihnhUk.     E.E.JONES.     I.].SElWfN-WILlSON, Aatto.
FOR SAIL Farm Lank Garden Tracts. Timber limits. Mineral Claims. Valuable town lots.
Offices: Hamilton Avenue, South Fort George: Central Avenue, Fort George, B. C
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George, B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates  $2.50 and $3
Monthly and weekly rates •■ application
Hflrit of winm,
I iii hum and cigars
Albert Johnson,r>-*».
 :— COMPANY ===========
Bond for a folder
Autos     Steamboats
From Ashcroft to Fort George, and all points in
the northern interior of British Columbia, carrying
the Royal Mail, passengers and fast freight.
The Palatial Steamer B.X. Awaits the Arrival of the Company's Stages |
Head Oflice: Ashcroft, B.C.
■<t   •%
FreWi. con»l«*nod to at/aamer at Soda
crook will be promptly forward*!. PAUb ruun
The committees in charge of the
Dominion Day sports h ave completed their program, and the
bigjrest day in the' history of
New Cariboo is assured all who
come to South Fort George on
July 1st. Commencing promptly
at 10 a. m. the list of events will
run throughout the day. Keen
interest is being manifested in
many of the athletic events and
several local athletics have already gone into training.
Perhaps the greatest interest
centres in the baseball between
the locals and Nechacos, the
winners of which will play ofl
with Quesnel for the retention
of the Carney cup for this season.
Present indications are that each
team will be backed with considerable coin in their struggle for
the trophy.
The day's festivities will wind
up with a big dance in the Fori
George theatre in the evening.
A competent and enthusiastic
committee is in charge of the
dance arrangements, A handsome prize is offered for the best
lady waltzer.
Following is the list-of events
already arranged for with the
prizes to be awarded successful
competitors. If time allows,
further additions will be made tc
this list:
10 a. m.
Trapshooting, Fort George vs. Soutl
Fort George.
1. Throwing  the Baseball, 1st $10,
2nd $5, 3rd $2.50.
2. Broad Jump, $10, $5, $2.50.
3. High Jump, $10, $5, $2.50.
4. 100 Yards Dash, $15, $7, $5.
11.15 a. m.
5. Horse Race  (free for all), $25,
$15, $10.
6. Pony Race, $25, $15, $10.
7. 200 Yards Race, $15, $7, $5.
Apt ernoon Program,
1.30 p. m.
8. Hurdle Race, $10, $5, $2.50.
9. Boys' Race, under 14, $10, $6, $2.50.
10. Sack Race, $10, $5, $2.50.
11. Fat Man's Race (over 190 lbs.)
$10, $5, $2.50.
2.30 p. m.
Baseball game vs. South Fort George.
4.45 p. m.
12. Canoe Race, $25, $15, $10.
13. Putting the Shot, $10, $5, $2.50.
Entrance fees for all events except
Nos. 9 and 11 will bo ten per cent, oi
the first prize. Five entries or no thin
money. All entries must be made before 10 a.m on morning of July 1st.
 T1IC —	
Smokers' supplies
a specialty
Four pool tables
Splendid environments
Fort Gconre, B*<!*
F. P. Burden. Mer,
Nelson, B.C.,
Victoria. B.C.
F. C. Green, MKr.
A. H. Green. Mgr.
Green Bros., Burden & Co.
Civil biiiteri, Dominion & B. C. Land Surveyors
Surveys of Lamls, Mines, Townsites, Timber
Limits. Etc.
Intend Building?
NOW is the time to build,
whilst seasoned lumber is
obtainable. Labor conditions
are now in your favor. We
contract to design and construct your building, guaranteeing satisfaction: Call
or write us.
Bronger & Flynn
Builders and Contractors
Land Timber Cruiser
Pre-emptions Located.
Estimates StmMiTTRn.
Mr. Harry Myers, a well-known
journalist, whose love for the unknown, the unexplored and the
unviolated mountain forest ano
stream carried him into the heart
of the Peace river country last
summer, has a glowing account
both by word and pen for the
beauties and possibilities of the
northern land.
Mr. Myers, who was north
about twenty miles beyond
Grouard, a thriving town in the
h*-art of the district, rich in
agricultural produce and mining
products is optimistic of the great
future for northern part of the
province. In speaking oi
Grouard Mr. Myers states that
it has, for almost a century, been the most important
point in the whole of the country
north of Edmonton. For generations it has been the shipping
point to which all roads of the
northland converged, and it was
here the great fur companies and
traders chose as the headquarter?
of their operations. Now that
the frontier has been pushed
back the eyes of the whole
world have been attracted to the
Great Peace River country.
South Fort George
July 1st = 1912
Horse Races, Foot Races,
Baseball,    Athletic Events
Manufacturers of High-Grade Confectionery
ICE CREAM and all kinds of SOFT DRINKS
Catering Tobaccos and Cigars
><A>fA> *fA> /A>-fA> fA>-fA> •f-*fc>/A><A*>*A> <A> <•*■><*<
Beef, Mutton g
and Veal
j FresL Meats
jj Seed Potatoes - $5.00 per 100 lbs. I
jj        FRESH MEAT and RANCH EGGS our specialty. '     g
&3&5B WWJW3W3*K3*WK •!•••£ WJ'KWS&S&Wt"'"
Travellers and Shippers to FOltGeO-Tge
and New British Columbia
Travel in comfort and safety via the Steamer "Chilcotin" the only
oak-ribbed steamer on the routo; and consign your goods to the care of
the "Chilcotin" at Soda Creek, they will be carefully transported to
their destination.
The Fort George Trading & Lumber Co., Ld.  j
The Pioneer Operator* of Steamboats and Manufacturers of
Lumber on the Upper Fraser and Tributaries.
The Auto Transit Company
Agents at ASHCROFT, B.C.
Men's (Ming
and Furnishings
General Merchandise
While we direct especial attention to our Clothing line, do
not forget that we carry a complete stock of General Merchandise-Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes, Hardware
and Building Material.
We Can Supply All Your Wants
at the Most Reasonable Prices
I Close & Brown Co., Ltd. I
,a Lasalle and Second Street
South Fort George, B.C J
Z^4^*^*^4'CT4^n9i'm^i^n*t%T*vT*vT*vT*Kr*vr4^iKnvn .'»>•.▼, JR %
| 1838 |      Assets Exceed Fifty Million Dollars     | 1918 |
Bank of British North America
Your money is eater In the Bank than in your bouse or in your
pocket. It is not tied up. You can get it out at any time without delay. NOTES discounted. Local and Foreign Drafts bought
and sold. COLLECTIONS made promptly.   Money Orders issued.
The Average Deposit of the I
Canadian People Is $122.00
per Person
Saving money can be m 4a a hum', A portion of your weekly or
monthly wage deposited j ..ar > i a savings account will soon bring
you up to the average, a : y ju *, oe surprised how rapidly $2 deposited
weekly will amount to cnocg- f   rrake a substantial payment on your
UmAL AND SURPLUS. S6.800.000       T0TAUSSEIS, SttJN-M
.      Math fort OeOrse
H. C. BEAM A «   w»t- er
Head Offle*».
R. P. McLENNAN Esq., President,
McLennan,   McFeely & Co.   Wholesale Hardware, Vancouver, B. C.
L. W. SHATFORD Esq., M. I,. A.
Vice-Pres. Merchant, Hedley, B. C.
U'nant-.iovernor British Columbia.
M.  Vi.   CAR1.1N,
CmirtnllKt. Victoria, B.C.
A. ISTEI- Esq.
Robert Kennedy,   Nc •? Westminster. ,
i.   A.  MITCHEI.U    Esq.,    Cnpitu..-..
Victoria. B. 0. '■ •     ,
E.  H. HEAPS, Esq., E. H. Heaps &
Co.,  Lumber  and  Timber;  President
Columbia  Trust  Co..  Ltd..   Vnnoou-
ver, B. C.
J. A. HARVEY. >■... K.C. formerly
ol Cranbrook. B.C.. Vancouver, B.o.
A. L. DEWAR. General Manager.
I Choicest Seasoned Lumber i
ti ----------------------------   >A
^     We have specialized in the Lumber business, which means 2
5 that we know this business thoroughly, and can give satis- fl
B faction by filling orders from a stock of the highest grades. $
f We Make a Specialty of Seasoned FIR Lumber of the Best Class jj
)?     Get estimates from us on all kinds of Building Material.      -
t Northern Lumber Co., Ltd.
* Head Office and Yard, South Port George.   Branch Yard at Fort George.
Fort George
Nechaco Valley
Bulkley Valley
Skeena Valley
In every case our
lands were carefully inspected by
expert cruisefsbe-
fore we purchased
THE ORAND TRUNK PACIFIC RAILWAY will make all these districts
accessible to all the world. Every rail laid adbs
to the value of the land
North Coast Land Co. Ltd
General Offices: 819 to 624 Metropolitan Bldg., Vancouver. B.C
London Office t   9 OM Jewry.
~T"      T      .        91,900,000.
.'■ffm.t^^.rm          ■       -    -*- *"**-M—


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