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BC Historical Newspapers

Fort George Herald 1912-06-29

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 ML. 3, NO. 26.
Trip to the End of Steel
On a trip to the end of steel the
atmosphere is surcharged with
the spirit of the pioneer and explorer, even over the firm and
solid roadbed that is guaranteed
by governmental inspection and
endorsed by a well patronized
and scheduled train service.
Along the line of the Grand
Trunk Pacific are the skeletons
of the abandoned camps that
have served their temporary purposed. The frame work that
supported the tented roofs of the
shanties is turning gray in the
varied climatic changes. More
primitive roof of boughs and
thatch have fallen in. The variety of forms in log construction
suggest almost a desire for opi-
ginality for its own sake, and
rarely there is even a trace of
the magic impulse of art—the expression of man's joy in his work.
Couches of poles and heaps of
empty cans remain. Discarded
boots and clothing lie where they
were thrown. Broken shovels
and the varied remains of worn-
out construction machinery are
seen at intervals. The carcass
of a horse that had served his
purpose in the great forward
march lies in the firm ice, and
the crows take alarm at the
approaching train. On a rounded
ledge a lettered stone in a small
enclosure of wood work, its careful finish showing in contrast
with the universal crudeness,
tells that the work of construction which draws material from
the whole civilized world must
also take; its toll of human life.
After leaving Fitzhugh travel
westward is by construction
train, with the slow caution
essential on an unfinished track
and the uncertainties and delays
unavoidable in the shipping bf
large quantities of construction
material and equally large numbers of workmen.
There is a familiar joke about
the three gangs on railway construction, the one gang going in,
the one at work and the one coming out. Like all jokes, it has a
measure of truth, and this is discernible on the construction train.
A better mail service, with a
good distribution of newspapers
as well as letters, beyond end of
steel would help to avert a homesickness and other forms of discontent, but the railway builder
is necessarily a bird of passage.
The one cent per mile in and four
cents per mile out make a strong
contrast, but even that does not
counteract the tendency toward
rotation. In the Yellowhead
Pass one hears the story of Jasper, the Scandinavian pioneer,
whose yellow hair excited the
wonder of the Indians and gave
the pass its name. He has given
his name to the extensive park
reservation, maintained and well
guarded by the Dominion government.
A short distance from where
the Fraser again narrows to the
river is the present end of steel
twenty-nine miles on the British
Columbia side of the divide.
There are said to be 4,000 men on
ahead, grading, timbering, tunnelling and preparing for the
rails. All their supplies and implements must go in over the
tojte road. Great piles of baled
hay are in waiting. Horses are
sheltered in low roofed stables.
Endless piles of ties emit the
pleasant odors of spruce and pine.
The store houses and other buildings of the contractors make an
irregular village of log walls and
tents. Another independent village has grown up a mile away,
with Chinese laundries restaurants, barber shops, general stores
and pool rooms. Here is one of
the three hospitals maintained
by the contractors, well equipped
and with two resident physicians.
The workmen are assessed one
dollar a month for hospital privileges, and that entitles them to
attendance when sick or injured.
In the hospitals,  as out on the
road, almost all the nations of
Europe are represented, but
British Columbia does not allow
Asia a representation in railway
construction. From a few miles
along the tote road Mount Robson
comes into view. It is the highest and most impressive peak in
the Canadian Rockies, its 13,700
feet being sustained by majestic
contour and proportions, Near
Tete Jaune Cache, which will be
the next end of steel, some fifty
miles farther on, the contractors
are building two stern wheel
steamers. With these they intend to navigate and carry supplies on the river for 320 miles
to Fort George, where they will
le^ve the Fraser and build toward
the valley of the Skeena. which
they follow to the Pacific at
Prince Rupert. The distance to
Fort George by rail will be about
210 miles. The right of way of
the Canadian Northern necessarily follows close to the line
of the Grand Trunk Pacific
through the Yellowhead Pass.—
S. T. Wood, in Toronto Globe.
A large number of the special
constables connected with   the
hunt of the outlaws, Moses Paul
and Paul Spintlam, have been
called in and paid off.    Six of
the Indian trackers, among whom
was the Indian who tracked Bill
Miner after the hold up on the
C.P.R. at Ducks, have been sent
back to Kamloops.    Some seventy men were engaged in the
hunt at one time and the indications appear that the police are
cutting down expenses, and will
resort to bloodhounds in future
in tracing the two men.    The
outlaws were tracked to the Big
Slide on the Fraser river, but
from there all signs were obliterated.   Both outlaws carried
boots with them,  and it is be-
neved that on arrival at the  Big
slide they substituted these for
their moccasins, which must have
worn out,   All the bridges crossing the Fraser river below and
above Lillooet have been guarded
night and day, and all the canoefe
in that vicinity have been taken
Possession of by the police, in
order to confine the men tb the
southern side of the Fraser.   The
road from Lytton through   to
Clinton has been policed by automobiles, making runs  on   the
slightest possible rumors of the
appearance of the men in the
neighboorhood,    The latest re-
Port has it that they were seen
not far north of Bridge river,
Probably with the idea of cros-
smg the Fraser at a convenient
point.   The Bridge is a very
mountainous country, abounding
n same, and a good many be-
ieve they are making their camping ground there.   The Indians
nave many friends in that
Survey of Indian Reserve
Topographers for the survey of the; will spend the entire summer in the j-320 miles-was a "drifting holiday,"
Indian reservation arrived on Thursday work of laying out the future city. | marred only by the thrilling experience
and are camped at the north-east end!   Four scow loads of supplies accompa- ■ of a man at the sweepsfalling over-
... mu        *.   •   •     u       '■ nind the party down the river. board, and a snap-shot taken while the
of the reserve. The party is in charge ( Mr G{*, ig flighted with the coun-1 man was riding the big oar previous to
of Mr. Gill, and comprises 20 men who: tryi and aay8 the trip down the river I his rescue.
Minister Ross Visits District-isBanqneted
uni' know tne country like a
wok-where they have been on
™a"y a hunting' expedition—
an' if taken in that section it
*»1 be a stand for life, in which
11 win be hard to hazard a guess
as to the number that will be
pled over by the fugitives.
i hey are both good shots and appear to have ammunition to burn.
A.  Heaman, Grand Trunk
engineer,  whose territory is
Mr. J,
graced in the railway work between
"Hugh, Alta., and the Bulkley valley,
,,,lvcd '" t0WI- tMs week. The bridge
■«« acr0S8 the Fraser at this point is
e ng looked over.   Mr.  Heaman will
torsdu°Uth F°rt Ge0rge hi» hewJ(JUM-
: grogress of work along the
The ministerial party, composed of
Minister of Lands Ross, W C. Ross, J.
A. Fraser, U. P. P., and R. E. Benedict, head forester of the department,
arrived in South Fort George on Wednesday, after a 1500-mile trip from Victoria to Edmonton and thence down
the Fraser by canoe to the Big Canyon
where Contractor S. Lund intercepted
the government officials and conveyed
the remainder of the way in his launch.
The party registered at the Northern.
Figuratively speaking the party re
ceived a "baptism of fire," as they entered ' the upper reaches of the Fraser,
and were treated to the same cordiality
for a distance of 150 miles, until the
Big Canyon was reached.
J. A. Fraser was pleased with the
voyage, and said no more opportune
time could have been selected by the
minister for a study of forest fire ravages in the interior of the province. The
12-day trip W. R. Ross has completed to the centre of British Columbia
has been a revelation, and is the first
of the kind ever undertaken by a British Columbia minister. Entering this
district through a neighboring province's door is an apt illustration of the
need of more railway construction in
the interior of the province, and the
present visit may result in strengthening argument at the next provincial
election to further aid the continuation | and pleasant one for the visitors.
of the Pacific Great Eastern railway I   Replying to the toast to the Provin-
into the Peace river by way of Gis-' cial Government W. R. Ross, said a de-
comb Portage and the Crooked River, a
route possessing no great engineering
difficulties, since the Hudson's Bay Co.
freighted in supplies by boats to their
posts in the Northwest by this avenue
during the Ricl rebellion.
An inspection of the government offices was made the day following and
the minister was warm in his compliments of the site selected for the location of the buildings, on the Fraser,
adjoining the old historic Hudson's Bay
Fort, and within the entwining folds
of the Union Jack that hus stood
sentinel at the confluence of the two
rivers for over one hundred years. It
would have been an act of perfidy to
have located them in the bush. And it
is not likely that they will be far removed from their present location when
enlarged and reconstructed.
On Friday night a banquet was tendered the visitors by the citizens of
South Fort George in the McGaghran-
Thorne hall and very numerously attended. All interests were represented,
from the humble-premptor to the G. T.
P. topographer. A. G. Hamilton was
chairman. The toasts ran the gamut
from "OurRichard" to "NewCariboo,"
and the evening made an instructive
sire to become better acquainted with
Northern B. C. had led up to his making the present trip, and from tha evidences of energy on all sides he was ot
opinion that northern B. C. was destined to be one of the best and most extensive agricultural areas of the province, once railroad development is completed. The Grand Trunk Railway was
putting forth every effort to push their
railroad work, and the activity seen on
all sides up the Fraser is warrant for
the belief the road will be completed
earlier than most people imagine.
Northern Cariboo was not a targe contributor to the treasury, though the demands exacted from the government are
enormous.   This will, however, change.
Mr. Ross then touched on Mb department "as the only one in Canada that
has not succumbed to pernicious influences. '' and he was going to try and keep
it at that high standard.
Sir Richard McBride was eulogized for
his constructive statesmanship in
placing the province on a sound financial
basis. When he took office his native
provinc* was in debt. Today there is a
surplus of eight million dollars.
No reference was made to the pro-
pased changes in the land act, or tha forestry regulations.
The party left for the south Saturday.
Hammond's employees tendered the
visitors a banquet Thursday. All the
employees were present.
Head of the B. C. Express Co. in the District
Like all new craft, the modern
built boat of the B. X. company,
"The Express," has had an unavoidable delay in inaugurating
the service between this point
and the Csche. On her trial trip
ten days ago several minor details in the working of her machinery Was discovered, rendering necessary to send to the coast
for substitute parts.
Speaking about the boat Mr.
Chas. Miller, president of the
company, who is now in the district, on his annual trip of inspection, and who will proceed
to the headwaters of the Fraser
on the new boat, says no item of
expense has been spared in making the boat one of the finest of
its kind in the world. In proportion to the sister boat, the "Express" is shorter and of less
breadth, but in point of propelling power is stronger. Another
feature possessed by the new
craft, lacking in the "B. X.," is
the facility in starting and stop-
pingthe boat instanter, a feature
due to the engine installed.
Mr. Miller sees a great future
for this end of Cariboo, and especially South Forth George, a section that will become alive with
workshops once the city on the
reserve is under way.
"The offices and headquarters
of the company will never be removed from the foot of Fourth
street," continued Mr. Miller.
"It is a site made by nature
for a steamboat landing, and I
can't see where an improvement
in site could be effected. Once
Fourth street is opened up
through the Hudson's Bay prop
erty to the reserve, and the ravine filled in, the offices will only
be about ten minutes distant
from the heart of the city. In
the meantime several improvements will be undertaken in the
vicinity of the dock. A wharf
will be built out and the bank
and grounds adjoining the company's buildings will be levelled
Mr. Miller believes an appropriate name for the new city
on the reserve would be "Nechaco." It is short, sweet and expressive, and furthermore will
save to posterity a large measure
of useless work that follows the
use of such names as Prince
George or Fort George.
A number of South Fort George
business men will be guests of Mr.
Miller on the maiden upri ver trip
of the new boat,
Extracts from the memorandum of agreement between the
Province and Timothy Foley,
Patrick Welch and John W. Stewart, in respect to the construction of the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway company, which is only
another name for the Transcontinental, say:
That telegraph lines shall be
efficiently worked, both for railway and commercial purpose.
That workmen employed on the
the line of railway shall receive
such rates of wages as currently
paid to workmen and laborers engaged in similar occupation in the
districts in which said Une is
being constructed.
Work to commence not later
than the first day of July, 1912,
and the line to be completed on
the first day of July, 1915.
Where found necessary joint
bridges shall be erected by the
parties to the agreement. The cost
of any bridge shall be divided between the government and the
railway company, and the maintenance thereof fixed between
the interested parties.
In regard to townsites the government agrees to convey to the
company any vacant crown lands
desired for the purpose of establishing divisional points or town-
sites along the line.   So far as
the acreage belonging to the government permits, these grants
shall consist of one thousand two
hundred and eighty acres at each
divisional point, and six hundred
and forty acres at each other
townsite.     The   lands   to be
granted  shall be administered
under the terms of an appropriate agreement which will be
entered into between the government and the company, which
agreement  shall   provide that
such of the said lands as are not
required for the railway purposes
of the company shall be administered by the company as town-
sites for the joint benefit of the
government and the company,
m the proportion of two-thirds to
the company and one-third to the
government; and that these town-
sites, apart from those required
for the purpose of the company,
shall be exempt from taxation
until sold and occupied. PAGE TWO
THtt tUKi urjuiwu **..*-.-..	
■'M   *.
Devoted   to   the   interests   of   Fort
George and the entire Northern Interior.
J. B. DANIELL. Editor.
——  JI    B——I
"In my experience as a builder of
railways 1 have hud occasion to visit
many parts of Canada, tlie United
Stutes and South America, but in
no town or city have 1 met with the
hearty hospitality anil good-fellowship accorded me by the people of
South Fort George, 1 came down
the river expecting to find a hamlet
of shacks, but found a vigorous
young city throbbing With metropolitan life."-Mr. S. Lund, of the
Lund-Kogera Co.
and troublous universe, has little
else but work to his credit at the
j end of life.   The tendency at the
present time is toward a shortening of^the hours of labor, and
it is a contention upheld by a
wide circle of economists, that it
will help to allay, if not entirely
eradicate, the universal discontent existent among wage-workers   the world over.   A short-
houred  community   is   always
prosperous.   It is energetic and
I full of life, buoyant and elastic,
i responsive and ready to meet all
demands made upon it.
|   The dullard, the haggard, is a
i derelict of long hours, and no
■ place for such is to be found in
ithe broad expanse of the Last
Great West.
Mr. Lund is a far-seeing man
■ a business man, When he selected South Fort George as the
base for his operations on the
Fraser he was working along the
lines of less resistance. He
chose this point because the advantage of being on the water
front far outbalanced any others
put forward by rival townsites.
Like the Hudson's Bay factors
who, by the way, have had the
faculty of selecting spots that
have grown into cities, Mr. Lund
saw at a glance the possibilities
held out by this town as the key
centre of the northern district,
and accordingly embraced them,
by purchasing one^of the best
corners in town.
The Herald does not print
flapdoodle nine-tenths whappoo
and one-tenth wind- for distant
lot-holders. We may be poor,
but we are not decoys for widows
and orphans.
Northern British Columbia
needs roads.
No section of the province
stands in greater need of inter-
scctional communication than we
do. The advent of the Transcontinental through the northern
part of "the province, thereby
opening to settlemenfvast'areas
or lands' hitherto of little value,
carries with it'a'moral obligation
on the part of the provincial government to see that pre-emptors
and others whose fortunes have
located them not on the line of
railway, are provided with roads
and access to their properties.
And roads that are existent
should be made to conform to
methods demanded by modern
locomotion, by having engineers
reconstruct and alter the grades
that exist in these hurriedly-
built roads of the past. What is
known as the Blackwater road is
a concrete example of a poor
road, and the term flatters it. for
it is nothing better than a trail.
In laying out the road three years
ago the contractor followed the
lines of less walking resistance
and took as his guiding lines the
posts of the telegraph line from
Quesnel to Blackwater. The
grades still remain.
IN THE MATTER of the Companies
Act;   and  IN   THE   MATTER   of
Cooke, Peden & Company, Liwited.
Cooke, Peden & Company, Limited, will
at the expiration of one month  trom
the first publication hereof apply to the
Registrar of Companies for approval ol
change of name from Cooke, Peden &
Company, Limited, to  "The Northern
Lumber    &    Mercantile     Company,
Limited." ,      ,„,,,
Dated this 4th day of May, 1912.
Quesnel, B.C.
Solicitor for Cooke, lJeden &
Company, Limited. ,
Disti'ict of Cariboo.
Take notice that Arthur Charles Egbert McElroy, of South Kort George,
B.C., manager, intends to apply lor
permission to purchase the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
Northwest corner of Lot 4201 and
marked C. McElroy's Northeast corner,
thence south 10 chains, thence west 40
chains, thence north 811 chains more or
less to the Nechaco River, thence following the said river southeasterly to
the point of commencement and containing 140 acres more or less.
Akthuk Charles Egbert McElroy.
May 6th, 1912. ju!20
British Columbia ie full of people
who have got rich quick. Their fortunes smell of the forest, the sea, the
mine. They stand for courage hard
work and brains. They are the kind
of fortunes few begrudge because they
have been in a large sense earned and
are the reward of daring. Millionaires
of this breed are democratic—they are
good fellows even if* some of them do
eat with there knife. The real estate
millionaire is more like the eastern
variety—his riches represent manipulation and are the subject of envy and
iharp criticism as all riches are which
reap where they do not sow, says H. F.
G. in Torontv Star.
Speaking broadly, the same kind of
man succeeds in the west he does it
quicker because men are scarcer and
there are not bo many of them to go
after the same opportunity. The successful westerner is the man who
keeps his eyes open and can turn his
hand to anything. I have in mind a
budding millionaire who who was a bank
clerk down east. Since coming west
he has been assignee, newspaper editor,
produce buyer and seller, rancher,
miner, and real estate operator. He
always has a lot of irons in the fire at
the same time. In running over his
story he complained that his ledger
for that day showed only five hundred
dollars profit. In was a dull day, so he
said. Ten years ago he was working
for $1,500 a year and he is only 37 years
old now.
June (to 23)
Hon. Price Ellison, minister of
Finance and Agriculture of British Columbia, has accepted an
invitation to address the great
International Dry Farming Congress in Lethbridge, Alberta, October 21-26th, and he has notified
the officers of the organization
that he is making every effort to
have one of the largest exhibits
of fruits ever gathered in British
Columbia to display. It is proposed to take this display to the
great land shows in Chicago and
New York after the Dry-Farmed
Products Exposition at/ Lethbridge,
This is not a bad record for a
country that has been libelled
fore and aft, coupled with the
further fact that it is next to
impossible to secure the desired
information relative to what
lands are open and unblanketed,
without the locator going to considerable expense in time and
In the province of Alberta the
government provides an automobile, a locator and furnishes a
dainty lunch with which to
tempt settlers and homesteaders
in search of land.
In this province it is different.
The seeker after land must do
his own hunting. If he has fifty
dollars he can hire a professional
land locator, who will place him
on land. But lunch is not included in this figure.
SEALED TENDERS  addressed  to
the undersigned and  marked on   the
envelope "Tender for Buildings,  Fort
George Reserve," will be received  up
to noon of Tuesday,  July 2,   1912,   for
the erection of the following buildings
for Indians  on   the  under  mentioned
On Reserve No. 2, Fort George, B.C.
18 large dwellings for Indians.
6 small        " "
1 Church.
1 Schoolhouse.
On Reserve No. 3, Fort George,  B.C.
4 large dwellings for Indians.
6 small
On Reserve No. 4, Fort George B.C.
1 large dwelling for Indians.
2 small dwellings for Indians.
Plans and specifications may be seen
at the offices of Mr. John F. Smith, Indian Agent, Kamloops; Mr. Peter
Byrne, Indian Agent, New Westminster; Mr. Wm. McAllan, Indian Agent,
Fraser Lake; Mr. A. M.Tyson, Inspector of Indian Agencies, Vancouver;
Mr. W. E. Ditchburn, Inspector of
Indian Agencies, Victoria: and the post
offices at Ashcroft, Quesnel and Fort
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered bank
for ten per cent, of the amount of the
tender, made payable to the order of
the undersigned, which will be forfeited
if the person or persons tendering decline to enter into a contract when called upon to do so, or fail to complete the
work contracted for. If the tender be
not accepted the cheque will be returned.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
The unauthorized insertion of this advertisement in any newspaper will not
be paid for.
Asst. Deputy and Sec'y.
Department of Indian Affairs,
Ottawa, May I, 1912. 41
Fort George «»
w      lions a
Drug Co.
large shipment just received
Toilet artlcals. Patent Medicines,
MuKH7.iiieH.H(H>k», Stationery,
Toilet Articles, DruBKisU' Sundries
A number of building contractors have signified their intention
of making Saturday a half-holiday, thus inaugurating a cuscom
that is fast becoming a fixed feature on the American continent
and elsewhere in the civilized
world. The average man who
works for wages in this toilsome
ST. STEPHEN'S-Services next Sunday: 8.30, Matins and Litany; 9, Holy
Eucharist (sung); 3 p. m., Children's
Service; 7.30, Evensong and Sermon.
KNOX CHURCH-Services every Sunday evening at 7.30. C. M. Wright.
Little Nugget
The most modern and best-appointed
cafe in Fort George.
Meals       -       SO Centi
Short Orders a Specialty
Mfts. F. C. Nahrwald, Proprietress
Cor. Hamilton and Third
South Fokt George.
Robert Sptnks
Painting and Paperhanging
South Fort George : B.C.
I am prepared to
Locate Pre-emptors
N. C. Jorgensen.
P.O. Bu 21. Soulh Fori Gwrie.B. C,
Satisfaction triuir-
Repairing   -i*
8end articles hy mall to Fort George, B.C.
Our New Stock is now on display—the finest
ever brought to this country. Every line is
now complete.
I Our Prices Are Still the Lowest \
Hardware       Groceries      Boots and Shoes
Clothing        Builders' Supplies K
W. F. COOKE    )i
| M-Bfitlhem Lumber Co., limited \
| Store, Office and Lumber Yard, South Fort George jj
^-2^ *^K--5K-3^ .J-K-^-W-5R *.^*S^*S^ *?^2-S^-2W-JK *!W-W-.^ •
lale Stables 1AWS
Single and Double Driving Horses.   Saddle and Pack Horses.
New Buggies and Thoroughly Reliable Rigs.
Fort George Hardware Co.
General Hardware and Sheet Metal Workers.
All kinds of tin and sheet Iron work done.
Camp stoves
Hot air Furnaces, etc.
We don't ask you to purchase South Fort George lots by
making a pencil mark on a townsite plan—You would
be safe in so doing, but if skeptical
Investigate Our Proposition
and you will find a good live town-Two banks, saw mill,
pool hall, newspaper, two general stores, splendid
hotel, bakery, stationery store, mail-boat
landing, scores of buildings,
and crowds of satisfied buyers
172 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B C, or the resident agent,
g. E. Mclaughlin
Fourth Avenue, South Fort George
Occidental ^l
Hotel ™     I
Most modern up-to-date hotel in the interior of British m
Columbia. k*
New four-storey building.  Accommodation for 120 guests m
All outside rooms—large, well-lighted and ventilated.
Steam heated.
Weekly and monthly rates on application
Wire for rooms Wire for rooms »
E. L. KEPNER, Proprietor
^ v m~m~i CANCELLAiwn
Notice is hereby given that the re-
vfexi  ingoncrownlandBinthevici-
T Z s "art River, situated in the
" Z -Strict notice of which.beanng
Cnboo district,no ^
dalBShXbiaGaM.te. dated
"' hi, 17thl908,i8cancolledin8o
DeM,n ,h'e m re ates to the lands
'""^loTllll  1114,5415,5379.
' ',5391,5389,5388,6387,5386,
' 0 5399, 5398, 5430, 5439,5429,
5405 5406,6407,5408, 5409,5427,
S m m» 5425>M13' 539°and
5412 ul! in the Cariboo District.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria, B.C., 12th June, 1912.
HUH °«* Crown Land. In the vicinity of
"'.? Kiver, Cariboo, notice of which bearlm-
5 o Feb™. V 16'h. 1910. w». published In the
tlScollblaGn.ette. February 17th. UU, b
Zed i» »o f»r a. the mm. relates to the
3»survU«daSIJots6251. 6232, 6263. 6254. 6266.
m 6354 6259. 627b, 6280, 6281. 6279. 6274, 6280. 6263,
S'6lV6290, 6296. 64S1, 6269, 6268, 6262, 6261, 6276.
m m Wl « 6286, 6286, 6287, 6288, 6292, 6293,
ffiW 6296a 6301, 6906. 6300. 6299. 6903, 6904, 6907, 6908,
m, and 6906. all in the Cariboo Diatrlct.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
LamlB Department,
Victoria, CC, 12th June. 1912. Jun22aepl4
Trout fishing is fine at West
Lewis Kindred is planning a
large house, and rumor has it
that he is about to be married.
G. W, Jackson has his 4-room
house nearly completed. George
believes in being up-to-date in
everything. He has a sail boat
that holds 16 people.
Richard Jordan killed an eagle
Sunday afternoon that measured
7 feet from tip to tip.
The pre-emptors around West
Lake have the laugh on James
Fife, who does not appear to
know the difference between a
cow moose and a horse. James
saw something swimming across
the south end of the lake on Sunday week. He rushed into the
cabin, grabbed his rifle and ran
through the woods to where it
was going to land. He remembers seeing it come ashore, shake
its head and flap its ears several
times and then disappear in the
brush. James still thinks it was
a horse.
Max Bourgo goes to town today for supplies, He says the
cost of living is going up, as lt
takes twice as much to grub him
this summer than it did last year.
George Thomolson is still on the
Fraser, locating timber land for
surveyors. He is interested in
the Yellowhead Pass Lumber Co.
William West and James Fife
have the finest gardens in this
Part of the country. Rain is very
badly needed.
There are four boats on the
Me at present and Dick Jordan
says he is going to have one just
as soon as he can get the lumber
Caterpillars have arrived. In
fact they have been here for
some time. They are eating the
tohage off all the trees. They do
n°t appear to show any partiality.
U looks very much as if Wm.
baskill had had deserted us. We
would like very much to see him
and family at his pre-emption.
H's garden needs his attention
very much.
G* H. Jackson located a young
m»n from town on a pre-emption
°ne mile south of the inlet recently. His land joins Mr. Marshall's.
The Cerman living across the
la,kefromMr. West's is the hap-
P'est man man on the lake these
^ays. In the morning he can be
"eard damning the mosquitos and
at mght singing like a lark.
There are a great number of town-
site properties on the market in the
land adjoining the Indian Reservation
here. Most of the subdivided properties are owned, sold by or controlled by
the Natural Resources Security Company, Limited, of Vancouver. Their
properties comprise Lots 777, 1430 936
1429, 937, 938, 2608, 2610 and 2507!
The South Fort George townsite, the
business and residential centre of the
district, is situated on Lots 933 and
M. The Hudson's Bay property and
Lots 931 and 932, generally known
as the "Bird Addition" are not as
yet on the market. Thc area subdivided, and either owned or sold
on the profit sharing plan by the
Natural Resources Security Company Ltd., totals about 1800 acreB.
This concern ' has been responsible
(or such development as may be
found today on a small portion of
Lot 938, the smallest of their subdivisions. Their townsites are located on a high jack-pine Hat. The
soil is gravelly, and, generally Bpeak-
ing, will not produce domestic vegetation. There are no wells on the
townsite, owing to its height, and
water must be brought Irom the
river. The Bouth Fort George town-
site is a very much smaller area. It
totals about 150 acres, and is situated on the lower benches of the
Fraser River, which is navigated bj
the largest steamboats throughout
the open season. The Nechaco River
townsites are not regular ports of
call, as owing to the difficulty in
navigating the Nechaco river except
in high water the boats do not call
there unless paid to do bo. Lots in
some eub-divisions ot the Natural Resources Security Company Limited
have not increased in value to any
material degree during the past three
years. Their initial sub-divisions
are as yet quite indeveloped. South
Fort Oeorge is a good live town. It
has been largely built up and developed by the pioneer element, who
settled on the site as soon as it
was placed on the market. The Late
John Houston, the veteran frontier
newspaperman, established his paper
at South.Fort George in its earliest
days. The town contains over two-
thirds ol the entire population of all
the inhabited townsites. It has two
banks, the Bank of British North
America and the Trader's Bank of
Canada, two sawmills, tin shop,
three large general stores, a large
theatre, a newspaper issued by the
pioneer publishers of the Cariboo
district, a licenced hotel, pool hall,
bakers, confectioners, two churches,
drug store and restaurants. It is (he
terminus of the British Columbia
Express Company's mail steamboats
and stage line. It is the headquarters
of the Fort George Trading and
Lumber Company's steamboat and
Bawmilllng operations. Tha headquarters of the Northern Lumber Co.
merchants and sawmill operators,
it Ib close proximity to the Government buildings, and is situated ln
such manner that the main development of the Indian Reservation
will benefit it more directly than
any other Bites. The railways that
are to be built from the south must
of necessity follow the Fraser River
shoreline in order to secure a water
grade, and will form a junction with
the main line of the G. T. P. near
the east end of the Indian Reserve.
Acreage close to the South Fort
George townsite is changing hands
every day for large figures. The land
comprising the South Fort George
townsite, and all the Fraser River
properties la of excellent quality,
covered with a light growth ot poplar with scattered firs.
The foregoing resume ot the town-
sites here will give the reader some
idea of the respective merits of both
townsites. The Fort George Herald
has no affiliations with either ot the
exploiting companies whose interests appear1 to be opposed. Those
who have invested In South Fort
George property, not too far back
from the river, may rest assured
that they have excellent value for
the money they have invested, owing
to the rapid growth of development
created by independent initative. It
they desire to sell they should list
their properties with one of the
local realty operators, who are constantly recording handsome profits
for Investors. Lots In the townsites
of the Natural Resources Security
Company depend tor their value on
their proximity to that portion ot
their property along the watertront
at which they are trying to centralize their development. At that point
the townsite company is putting up
a number of buildings, and are trying
in every way to start a trend of
development, having their business
centre tor its radiating point. This
will hardly he accomplished to any
satisfactory degree tor the large
majority on their sites, for a long
time to come. We advise no one to
purchase on the strength of their advertised statements. Intending investors in any sub-divisions here
should bear in mind that the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway Company's
townsite will add about one thousand acres more townsite property
to the combined area offered for
habitation. The market haa been
dangerously flooded already, and
bearing this in mind the careful investor will not venture bis funds ln
any townsite that can not actually
claim the active and independent
development that signifies the approval ol the people on the ground.
Unless they can invest in a townsite
that is being developed and increased in value by independent enterprise, they had better await the
tale of the    O. T. P. property or
Intending settlers can obtain 160
acres of land by pre-emption. There
are large tracts ot land open lor
alienation by pre-emption only, in
this district. The land is capable ot
raising good crops of garden produce, hay, oats, and practically anything but fruit, which has not so tar
proved a success up here, should
maintain that this district should
not be regarded as a truit growing
country until that branch ot culture
has been properly tested. This is
naturally a mixed farming country.
Wild berries, however, are iound
throughout the whole northern interior country, as lar north as tbe
Peace River Plateaux. Wagon roads
are being built into the surrounding
country, and progress will be made
on such public works, as future circumstances demand. The Fraser and
Nechaco Rivers afford transportation
to their tributary valleys, the Fraser
particulary, being navigable lor 160
mlles south and 315 mlles north ol
this point. We believe that the beBt
way to secure a good pre-emption
is by engaging the services ol one
ot the reliable locators, who make a
business ot locating the settler.
Some ot these men have been in the
district lor a long time, and can
save the land hunter time and cash
by his experience. The Herald will
be pleased to advise the settler regarding lands open tor pre-emption
and tbe best means of obtaining
information thereof, on application.
Building materials are at hand In
large quantities. The local mills
have about three million teet of
lumber in the yards, in preparation
for the spring. Lumber costs from
|35 to $75 a thousand teet. People
intending building should consult
by letter some ot the local contractors, who, we are Informed, will
be pleased to turnish all information.
The tare into the country Irom the
railway point, Ashcroit, fluctuates
with the seasons. During the summer
when navigation is open on the
Fraser River, May 1st. to October
31st., the tare amounts to $45, and
the expenses en route about $10.
This is by automobile and steamboat. The winter fare, from November 1st. to March 31st. totals $62,
witb expenses ot about $15. Travel
in the winter is by sleigh. The express rate In the summer is 12J cts.
per tb. The winter rate 20cts. The
summer Freight rate is 6cents, and
the winter rate llcents per tb.
The cost ot living may be gaged
by the toilowing scale of prices now
prevailing. This rate will be materially reduced when freight comes
down the Fraser River trom Tete
Juane Cache, via the O. T. P. steel
from Edmonton. This should transpire next summer: Flour 11 cts lb.
Sugar 14 cts. lb. Ham 35 cts. Ib.
Bacon 40 cts. tb. Beans 15 cts tb.
Rice 15 cts. lb. Dried fruits 25 cts tb*
Overalls sell for $1.25 a pair. Meat
18 cts. tb. Meals in the hotels, however, cost but 50 cents each.
The banking interest charged here
is ten per cent.
Employment in the past has been
limited to survey work, building
trades, (carpenters), loggers, steamboat crews, packers, canoe men,
land and timber cruisers, laborers
on government road work, and such
work as has been done towards the
development of townsite properties.
Farm laborers are not in demand as
yet. There is no railway work here
up to the present, but during the
next season and thereafter laborers
may reach the grade trom this place,
that Is, alter next June or July.
Wages range (rom $4 to $7 a day,
according to the class ot labor.
Prospectors will find practically a
virgin field tor their explorations.
The whole district has every indication of being highly mineralized.
Office and Store Fixtures.
Hamilton Ave.    South Fort George
P.A.Landry J.H.McGregor J.F.Templeton
T. A. Kelly, Timber Department
Gore & McGregor
British   Columbia   Land   Surveyor!
Lnml AKenta Timber Cruisers
Chancery Chambers, Lungley Street, VICTORIA,
B.C., P.O. Box 152, Phone 684.
McGregor BulldlnK, Third Street, SOUTH FORT
Do yoia
| contemplate
| building'
?Then investigate
_ 8   our work-
5*1   manship and get our estimate.
Danforth & McInnis
Hamilton and First £
The Time
The Place
The Store
PITH SPRING everyone wants something
NEW. Try this store for the best the
market affords. We are showing a particularly
nice line of
Prints, Ginghams, Muslins,.
Satins, Sateens, Silks, Etc.
If your storekeeper has not got it, try Quesnel's
leading merchant
John A. Fraser
Front Street Quesnel, B. C.
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
Prospective Builders
Are you aware that it takes leaa labor to build with OUR BONE DRY
LUMBER, and that the result is permanent, weatherproof and saves
repairs and fuel; also that the lumber costs no more than other lumber?
All Kinds of Lumber and Mouldings For Sale.
The Fort George Trading & Lumber Co., Ltd.
SOUTH FORT GEORGE, B.C.    Phone 11.   Chas. E. McElroy, Mgr.
Pioneers in Sawmilling and Steamboating on the Upper Fraser
and Tributaries.
Our GUMLESS SPRUCE SIDING and V-JOINT will not warp, check
nor shrink endways, and contains no gum to cause the paint to peel.
Farm Lands,     Timber Lands,      City Property,      Garden Tracts.
Fire, Accident and Life Insurance.
TWO SECTIONS of choice land in the Salmon River
Valley.   Price, per acre $12
575 ACRES of land suitable for subdividing.    Only one
mile from town.    Price, per acre     -     -      -     $55
TEN-ACRE Garden Tract, close in, per acre      -     $150
Terms on this 1-4 cash, 6,12,18 months at 6 per cent.
c=i Robots, Jones & Wilkon o
EDWARD R0KHTS3l**»rTWic     LE. JONES.     A. J. SELWYK-flllSON,
FOR SALE: Fun Landt Garden Tracts. Timber Limits. Mineral Claims. Valuable town lots,
Kefcrat-n: Ik Tnfar'i Buk-*fCur**k
Ik But tt Vummr, Fact tat*, I.1
Offices: Hamilton Afenue, South Fort George: Central Avenue, Fort George, B. C
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George, B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates $2.50 and $3
Monthly and weekly rates om at*
Best of wines,
liquors and cigars
Albert Johnson,
Send for a foldor
Send for a folder
Autos     Steamboats
From' Ashcroft to Fort George, and all points in
the northern interior of British Columbia, carrying
the Royal Mail, passengers and fast freight.
The Palatial Steamer B.X. Awaits the Arrival of the Company's Stages
^3$S!gZX$S£S£    Heart 0«ce;?.Ashcroft,B.C.
1 \ X
i ii
The new pool-rjom of Messrs. Burch
& Clarke,  on  Second street,  is now
open to the public.   On Monday evening a dance was given in the  specious
hall above marking the opening, and as
is usually the case here, the dance was
a success.   The building, which is^two-
story, facing Second, has a depth of 64
feet and a frontage of 30.   The poolroom dimeniions are  23x48 feet, and
provided with four new American  tables.   An  English  table will be added
shortly.   The front is divided by a barber shop and cigar store, both of which
are attractively finished. The hall above
has  been   taken   by   the  Oddfellows,
where regular  meetings will be held.
Those attending the dance  were  Mr.
and Mrs. Wright,   Mr.  and  Mrs. Tie-!
meyer, Mr. and Mrs. Forrest, Mr.   and
Mrs. McGaughey, Mesdames McLaugh-i
Hn,   Bodeker,    Norwald,  A.  Johnson, j
Mclnnis,   Senior,   Misses   Yazah   and
Brucker; Messrs. W. F. Cook, N. Montgomery, T. Chetwynd, Dr.  Lazier,  (J. i
Hamilton, W. Adams,  D.  Crowell,  J. j
McLean, J. R. Campbell, W.S. Kowatt,!
M. Clarke, W. Blair, W. Ewing, H.W.
Jermyn, F.  HofTercamp, Capt. Brown,
C. Pinker, Van  Buskirk, H. Hancock,
J. Bronger,  J.  Flynn,  S. Perking, M.
Wiggins, H. Jones, W.Thorne, J. Monroe, J. McGaghran,  F. O'Flaherty and
R. Peden. Messrs Senior and Alexander
furnished the mutic.
By the "B.X." on Monday the following were passengers: H. Thorsong,
S. A. Ledger, A. C. Blair, J. P. Hedley,
R. Tothill, R. Laberee, A. Goodman,
W. F. Ring, S. Mything, Chas. Taylor,
Mn. Idanahan, and family, P. J. Cole,
R. R. Andrews, Wm. Henderson and
Mrs. Ledger.
W. Luke is in Calgary.
The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
have placed an offer with the Canadian
Locomotive Works, Kingston, Ont.,
for fifteen locomotives.
Smokers' supplies
a specialty
Four pool tables
Splendid environments
Intend Building?
Fort Gcwge. B.C. Victoria. B.C.
F. P. Ilunlen, Mgr. F. C. Oreon, Mgr.
Nelson, B.C., A. H. Green, Mgr.
Green Bros., Burden & Co.
Civil Engineer!,, Dominion S B. C. Und Surveyors
SurvoyHof Lands, Mines, Townsites, Timber
Limits, Etc.
NOW is the time to build,
whilst seasoned lumber is
obtainable. Labor conditions
are now in your favor. We
contract to design and construct your building-, guaranteeing satisfaction: Call
or write us.
Bronger & Flynn
Builders and Contractors
Land Timber Cruiser
Pre-emptions Located.
Estimates SUBMITTED.
Col. Griffith and Slim Miller, "'the
old time ranchers of the Mud valley,
were in town Wednesday ^sufficiently
long to lay in a stock of insect powder
and then depart for their'pre-emptions.
All their garden truck has succumbed
to the ravages of bugs and the only
explanation vouched for this is the
extreme dryness, superinduced by the
numerous forest fires. This is Miller's
seventh year in the district and the
firstexperience of the kind.
Post-office Inspector' Fletcher Was
in Hazelton on the 16th on a tour of inspection and'was on'his way to Burns
Lake to look"over the possibilities of
giving a weekly^mail servico from
Aldermere to that point. Mr. Fletcher
should extend it to cover the entire
radius of construction of the Transcon-
tineltal from Hazelton to the Cache.
Letters from South Fort George to
the Clearwater, a distance slightly over
200 miles, in order to receive rapid
transit, are addressed by-way of Fitz-
hugh, Alta. The latter route passing
out by Ashcroft, thence to Edmonton
and Fitzhugh, and down the Fraser to
its destination, covers something close
to two thousand miles. The only reason such conditions exist is purely
owing to the lack of information b«ing
placed in the hpnds of the inspector.
A trip as suggested would be very
acceptable to this end of the district.
And we believe it would not prove
South Fort George
July 1st J. 1?12
Horse Races, Foot Rjtces,
Baseball,    Athletic Events \
Mens Clothing
and Furnishings
1 i
$ WE wish to draw your particular attention to our stock of s
5!   "   Men's Clothing and furnishings.   All our goods are |]
especially adapted to the needs of this country. '  |
General Merchandise
While we direct especial attention to our Clothing line, do i
not forget that we carry a complete stock of General Mer- i
chandise-Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes, Hardware \
■A  and Building Material.
We Can Supply All Your Wants
at the Most Reasonable Prices
1 Qose & Brown Co., Ltd.!
Soutii Fort George, B.C. |
Lasalle and Second Street
Manufacturers of High-Grade Confectionery
ICE CREAM and all kinds of SOFT DRINKS
Catering Tobaccos and Cigars
| 1836 |     Assets Exceed Fifty Million Dollars     | 1912 |
Bank of British North America
Your money is safer in the Bank than in your house or in your
pocket. It is not tied up. You can get it out at any time without delay. NOTKS discounted. Local and Foreign Drafts bought
and sold. COLLECTIONS made promptly.   Money Orders issued.
The Average Deposit of the
Canadian People Is $122.00
per Perssn
Saving money can be m ,da a habi . A portion of your weekly or
monthly wage deposited j, .ia» y i a savings account will soon brine
you up to the average,» i'yju *.. oe surprised how rapidly |2 deposited
weekly will amount to eno;g"> u.  nake a substantial payment on your
.      .      Soalh F.H CtoOrse
H.C. SEAMA.'  1,.- cr
The Bishop of New Westminster will
arrive here next Friday.
Cariboo Lodge, No. 65, I.O.O.P.,
will hold their half-yearly installation
meeting next Wednesday evening, to
be followed by a banquet in the Burch
& Clarke hall, Second Street. Visiting
brethren are cordially invited.
R. M. Phillips, of Winnipeg, owner
of lot 17, blk. 1, in the Permanent Se- j
curities (originally Bird) addition, is I
building a cabin on his grounds.
Bronger & Flynn have plan* out for'
a 9-roomed house for Russell Peden,
on Rose street, opposite the Northern
Co. 'b warehoused. The dimensions of
the building will be 45x82 and cost
Al. Johnson hus  returned  from the
Beef, Mutton *g
and Veal        ►;
Seed Potatoes - $5.00 per 100 lbs. I
FRESH MEAT and RANCH EGGS our specialty.        g
Travellers and Shippers to FOFt GeOfgC
and New British Columbia
Travel in comfort and safety via the Steamer "Chilcotin" the only
oak-ribbed steamer on the route; and consign your goods to the care of
the "Chilcotin" at Soda Creek, they will be carefully transported to
their destination.
The Fort George Trading & Lumber Co., Ld.
The Pioneer Operator" of Steamboats and Manufacturers of
Lumber on the Upper Fraser and Tributaries.
The Auto Transit Company
Agents at ASHCROFT, B.C.
J. B. Daniell is due here Monday,
Farmers at this season of the year
should watch for the appearance of
cut-worms, and should lose no time in
ridding their fleld-t of this pest immediately upon their appearance.   The following remedy   is    i ^commended   by
several agricultu  il departments:
-Bran, 100 poumj.
Paii.i| green, drv. I pound.
Sugaf,v 2 to fl uonnds.
Mix thb'.vrouglilv and drmpen slightly with water   -*.n(j spread < ver the section) where the v-v-M-ms appear.
I Choicest Seasoned Lumber 2
f '4
K      We have specialized in the Lumber business, which means s
that we know this business thoroughly, and can give satis- A
faction by filling orders from a stock of the highest grades, %
We Make a Specialty of Seasoned FIR Lumber of the Best Class A
Get estimates from us on all kinds of Building Material.     A
y Northern Lumber Co., Ltd. ji
B    Head Office and Yard, South Fort George.   Branch Yard at Fort George.   A
Head Offlctt
R. P. McLENJJAN Esq., President,
McLennan,  McFeely & Co.   Wholesale Hardware, Vancouver, B. C.
L. W. SHATFORD Esq., M. I,. A.
Vice-Pres. Merchant, Hedley, B. C.
ti' Brltith Columbia.
M.   B.   CARLIN.
OnnHallRt. Victoria, B.C.
Robert Kennedy, New Westminster.
J. A. MITCHELL, Esq., Capita""*
Victoria. B. O. .
E. H. HEAP8. Esq.. E. H. Heap" *
Co.. Lumber and Timber: President
Columbia Trust Co.. Ltd.. Vancouver. B. 0.
J.  A.  HARVEY. Esq.,  K.C.  *orm«lT
ol Cranbrook, B.C., Vancouver, »■<■*•
A. L. DEWAR. General Mana^r.
Fort George
Nechaco Valley
Bulkley Valley
Skeena Valley   .
In every case our
lands were carefully inspected by
expert cruisersbe-
fore we purchased
THE GRAND TRUNK PACIFIC RAILWAY will make all these districts
accessible to all the world. Every rail laid ados
to the value of the land
North Coast Land Co. Ltd.
General Office.: 618 to 624 Metropolitan Bldf., Vancouver, B.C
London Office i   8 OM Jewry.


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