BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Fort George Herald 1915-03-12

Item Metadata


JSON: fgherald-1.0344688.json
JSON-LD: fgherald-1.0344688-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): fgherald-1.0344688-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: fgherald-1.0344688-rdf.json
Turtle: fgherald-1.0344688-turtle.txt
N-Triples: fgherald-1.0344688-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: fgherald-1.0344688-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 L       ^t^7^eAssen,
'WW w w^^^v
VOL. 5, NO. 28.
After a much longer session
than was indicated at its open-
in?, the Provincial Legislature
of the Province of British Columbia was prorogued on Monday,
the 8th inst., having been in continuous session since January 21.
Many bills of importance to
the welfare of the Province were
passed, among them the Agricultural Bill designed to assist
settlers in clearing and developing their land, and a redistribution bill, adding five members to
the House.
In deciding to immediately appeal to the people, Sir Richard
McBride, Premier of the Province, issued the following statement:
"Deeming it imperative, in view of
a number of considerations vitally affecting the well-being of the province
-considerations mainly arising from
the crisis of the war- that the country
should be consulted in respect to the
policy which the government purposes
pursuing to meet the situation, I have
asked his Honor the Lieutenant Governor for a dissolution and this has been
' 'Some changes in the personnel of
the Cabinet will be made to meet the
wishes of those who may feel disposed
lo relinquish office and to strengthen
the administration at a most critical
period in the history of the province.
An announcement in this particular
will be made public very shortly.
"The government of which I have
the honor to be leader will appeal to
the electorate for another endorsement
ut its hands on its general record, but
more particularly for the reason that
It purposes in the future attacking vigorously and courageously tho9e features of provincial development which
though already initiated are still incomplete. 1 refer in this connection to
the matter of railway construction,
both on the mainland and the Island.
Those sections of the railway programme on the mainland, which are still in
progress of construction, must be pushed along to completion; and this also
applies to the Island railway system.
"As a result of the crisis due to the
war, a multitude of new problems must
be faced in British Columbia, and it is
my purpose as leader of the government to face those problems and apply
myself to their solution. It is my conviction that we are only at the beginning of provincial development and
that now more than ever before, we
need faith and confidence in the future
of the country, and courage and energy
in applying ourselves to the great task
set our hands.
"The legislation laid before the
House at the session just closed rela
tive to the matter of aid to agritul-
tural industry is an earnest evidence of
the determination of the government
to grapple in a specific way with some
of these problems, and as well indicative of the line of policy which I shall
advocate in respect to other important
matters of provincial development and
conservation. I shall avail myself of
an early opportunity of publicly announcing these new lines of provincial
effort which must engage the attention
of the administration if wc are to be
true to the conviction that this country
but stand* at the threshhold of her
great career.
"It is perhaps unnecessary to add
that in determining to agajn consult
the electorate of this country I do so
with the fullest conviction that the
same generous measure of confidence
which has been reposed in me on various occasions during the past twelve
years will be again forthcoming in undiminished measure. I yield to no one
in my great and unimpaired faith in
the splendid future of British Columbia. I purpose giving the best that is
in me to the task of bringing to the
speediest fruition those projects for its
development which have already been
so successfully initiated."
The Agricultural Bill elsewhere
reported in these columns, however, with the Railway Programme, are easily the greatest subjects on which the Government
seek the endorsement and support of the electorate.
No one will deny the importance of both subjects to the people of British Columbia. Unless
the land can be speedily brought
under cultivation, with railways
to provide transportation for
supplies, tools and necessary raw
material as well as manufactured
articles used by the people at reduced rates of freight over the
old overland pack trains, and
means of getting the produce of
the farms to market — there can
be no real development worthy
of the name. Hence, with a
$50,000,000 fund provided by the
Agricultural Bill and a comprehensive Railway policy, the future of British Cdlumbia is assured.
With these measures before
the people to be voted on at the
election to be held April 10th,
the issue is clear and plain. A
new confidence seems to be taking hold of the province that the
future is bright with possibilities
and that it were well to retain
the present leaders for another
term to prosecute their programme.
The Redistribution Bill — adding five new members—recognized the necessity for a division of
the Cariboo Distiict into two districts, As it is, the new Fort
George District returning one
member is of an immense area,
extending from a point on the
eastern boundry of the Province
at the northeast corner of Kootenay Land District and thence
westerly and southerly from there
to a point on the Atlin electorial
district and northerly to the
northern boundry of the Province.
Vancouver has six members instead of five.
A new district is created out of
North Vancouver and another
out of South Vancouver.
Ymir and Skeena districts disappear snd Trail and Prince Rupert take their place.
Okanagan will return two
members instead of one.
The new district of Omineca is
The giving to this section a
member for itself is by tar the
most important development in
the Redistribution Bill to the
Fort George District. Fort
George, while ably represented
by Mr, John A, Fraser who gave
as much of his time as the immense district he had to serve
would permit, will be in better
position with a member who directly represents it, is on the
ground and constantly in touch
with condition!, to get for it
from the Government those
things which are so necessary to
its development. A large immigration is looked for as soon as
business conditions right themselves and war is followed by
peace in the European conflict.
Roads and bridges are a vital
want in this section if the people
to come in and settle on our lands
are to successfully attack the
clearing and tilling of farms. We
must have a convenient network
and system of roads to get to
these farms, else what use is
there to raise produce that cannot be hauled to market.
Copies of the Act incorporating
Prince George into a municipality
were received this week, ,so that
the Herald is in a position to advise a synopsis of the important
features of the bill which is as
"The word 'owner' when used
in relation to '. md or real property or real estate in the municipality, shall in addition to its
ordinary meaning, also mean a
person who is the holder of an
agreement with the Crown or any
person whereby he agrees to purchase land in the municipality
and who files with the proper
officer (Returning Officer and
thereafter the Municipal Clerk
or Assessor) a statutory declaration proving that he or she is a
British subject and the holder of
the last agreement, or is the last
assignee of such agreement by
the terms of which agreement he
or she is liable to pay taxes on
such land.
"The council of the municipality shall consist of a mayor and
six aldermen, and the whole
number present at each meeting
shall not be less than four.
"The qualification for mayor at
the first election shall be such
persons as are male British subjects of the age of 21 years not
disqualified under any law, and
have been six months preceding
the day of the nomination, the
owner of land or real property of
the assessed value of $1000 or
"The qualifications for aldermen at the first election shall be
such persons as are male British
subjects of the full age of 21
years, not disqualified under any
law, and have been for six
months preceding the day of
nomination, the owner of land or
real property in the said municipality of the assessed value of
$500 or more.
"The same qualifications for
school trustees as for aldermen
apply, except that female British
subjects can qualify for the office.
"For the first election for mayor and aldermen, or for school
trustee, any male or female resident within the municipality for
at least six months prior to the
date of election, being a British
subject, and of the age of 21
(A) Who is the owner of real estate
within the limits of the municipality of the assessed value of not
less than $100, or
(B) Who being a British subject residing within the municipality is
the representative duly authorized by the directors of an incorporated company which is the
owner of real property within the
municipality of the assessed value
of not less than $100, or
(C) Who carries on business in the
municipality and is the holder of
a trade licence the annual fee for
which is not less than $5, or
(D) Who occupies in the municipality
a dwelling, tenement, boarding
house, hotel, or any portion of a
dwelling, tenement, hotel, or
boarding house, in his or her own
shall be entitled to have his or
her name entered on the voters
list of the municipality for the
year 1915, subject to the filling of
a declaration as hereinafter mentioned and to vote at any municipal election held in such year.
"The returning officer for the
first election shall be appointed
by the Lieutenant-Governor in
council and shall appoint as many
deputies as necessary.
"The returning officer shall
prepare a list of electors to be
used at said first election, and
make proper entries of all persons qualified to vote, who make
application to him during the
period commencing 30 days prior
to polling day. Before the name
of any person shall be placed on
Hudson Bay Lots
To Be Sold
In our advertising columns of
this issue is an announcement
that the lots in the Hudson Bay
Reserve will be on sale at the
office of the Hudson Bay Company at South Fort George on
and after March 15th.
This decision of the Hudson
Bay Land Department comes as
quite a surprise to the district,
and yet a grateful one, as it indicates quite clearly the belief of
the Hudson Bay Company in the
near future prosperity of Prince
George and business in general
throughout Canada and the Empire.
The marketing of this property
lying between South FortGeorge
and the Millar Division of Prince
George closes up the gap of the
unsold and undeveloped area between the two sections of the
greater city and will tend to en-
large and extend the business,
and residential sections to South
Fort Cleorge.
The Hudson Bay property adjoining the Millar Division on the
south is a continuation of what
many consider to be  the best
portion of the   Prince George
townsite and tbe scene of future
development aside    from    the'
wholesale business section adja-1
cent to George Street.   The land
slopes gently to the south, affording admirable facilities for drainage and sewerage.   The soil is
very fertile, and aside from the
slough which like all similar sec-'
tions of cities will in time be;
filled in, is very favorable to set-j
Mr. Jamea Thomson, the Land
Commissioner of the Hudson Bay
Company, will arrive in Prince
George Saturday night. to complete plans for the sale.
The terms and conditions are
in the main announced at this
time and are of the usual character. One quarter in cash will
cover first payment, the balance
will be payable in three equal
annual instalments with 7 per
cent interest. The present Hudson Bay Fur Trading Post lots
will be reserved from sale, as
will also the lots on which the
Government buildings stand and
the Water Front lots. Also 40
per cent of each block, including
two double-corners, are reserved.
South Fort George will benefit
very greatly by this sale.    In
Latest War Despatches.
London.—Despatch to Daily Express from Hague
says, secret report has been sent from Cuxhaven to admiralty at Berlin that twelve submarines have failed to report
at their base, eight of these being among Germany's newest boats. Naval Council will meet today (Friday) or
tomorrow under the presidency of Emperor William to
discuss whether or not it would be better to abandon the
submarine warfare.
London.---Refugees from Constantinople are constantly arriving here, says Bucharest correspondent of Times.
Many of them are families of German officers in Turkish
army. The Turks are dismounting guns defending Constantinople, intention being that in case of defeat Allies
should regard Constantinople as an unfortified city.
Turkish Artillery in Dardanelles is constantly growing weaker.   Total capture of guns by allies well over 50.
London.—According to advices received here, German
Imperial Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg was on Wednesday to have made statement in Reichstag setting forth
the terms on which Germany is willing to make peace.
Paris.—Heavy artillery fighting is reported between
Lys and Canal of Labosees. The Belgian town of Nieport
has been violently bombarded with 42 centimetre guns.
London.— German submarines are continuing their
activities. On Tuesday morning, three British merchant
steamers were sunk, it is stated officially, without giving
warning to their crews, of which many men are missing.
Another Detachment
For the Front.
Wednesday's train for Prince
Rupert carried fourteen recruits
for the Ilth Canadian Mounted
Rifles. Six more will depart Saturday. Those included in Wednesday's party were :—
J. A. Pittock M. Sullivan
W. H. Moore     A. L. Bancroft
F. G. Walch      L. J. Bettison
A. Reid T. B. Sutherland
R. Munroe        J. A. McLean
G. Davies D. Henderson
C. McMullan      C. Q. Newland
The Fort George district is doing well in its volunteers to the
lountry's service.
Hon. Price Ellison Resigns.
The Hon. Price Ellison, Minister
of Agriculture, has tendered his resignation to the Government of llrit-
ish Columbia.
fact, it is the general opinion
that had the Hudson Bay seen
their way clear to have put their
property on the market last year
or even the year before, a different condition would now exist.
The Hudson Bay and South Fort
George with the Miller Division
would have gained a large prestige, which although delayed, is
now seen quite clearly in the
near future.
The members of the various
Chambers of Commerce and Trade
Boards, and business men of the
Georges, will be gratified to learn
of the opening of a Port of Entry
office at Prince George this week,
through which al) imports and
exports of merchandise will be
cleared and duties adjusted.
Diatrict Inspector Graham of
Calgary installed the first Port
Warden in office and took over
the Customs packages at the post
office at Fort George on i\ onday.
Up to April 1st the office will be
designated as a sub-collection
station reporting to Edmonton
Customs Officer. After that date
all goods passing through the
Customs to or from foreign countries will be manifested and cleared at the Princ 3 George office.
P. Campbell, well - known in
the district, has bean appointed
to the office and assumed his
! duties this week. The territory
; served by this office wiil extend
east and west of Prince George,
and con prises the territory from
about Hazelton to McBride. The
business men of the district have
been seriously handicapped at
times by the lack of a Customs
officer at this point, having to
submit to delay and inconvenience, very often aggravating
to the extreme, in waiting until
their goods could be cleared at
Edson, Prince Rupert or Ashcroft.
Mr. Campbell's office is on
George Street, between Second
and Third Avenues.
the list he shall make and sign
statutory declaration before some
person authorized to take such
declarations setting forth his
name, address, occupation, and
qualifications which shall be filed
with the returning officer.
"The voters list for the years
1916 -1917 shall be prepared as
prescribed in the Municipal Elections Act, except that the expression 'owner' or assessed owner in
the said act shall have the meaning assigned to the word
'owner' in section 2 of the Incorporation Act.
"The nomination for the first
election of Mayor, Aldermen,
and School Trustee, shall take
place and the poll shall be held at
the Provincial Government Building, South FortGeorge'
"The nominations for the first
election shall take place on the
17th day of May, at 12 o'clock
noon. The polling shall take
place on the 20th day of May,
1915, at a place in the municipality selected by the returning
officer, and shall continue all day,
The polls shall be kept open from
8a.m, to 5 p.m.
"Should the Lieutenant-Governor in Council deem it expedient he may change as often as
necessary the time for holding
the first nomination and poll.
"All expenses of the election
shall be borne by the municipality.
"The first meeting of the coun
cil shall be held the first Saturday after the election at a place
chosen by the Mayor elect at the
hour of 12 noon, at which meeting the council shall elect such
officers and transact such business as may be necessary.
"Orders in council appointing
an assessor and collector and a
court of revision and appeal, for
the area comprised in the then
proposed municipality are ratified
and the assessment roll of all
land and improvements incorporated, as made by the assessor and
the proceedings of the said court
of revision and appeal, are confirmed, and the taxes to be levied
for the year 1915 are deemed to
have been due and payable on the
second day of January 1915 and
shall be collectible by the municipality,
"The assessment roll for the
said municipality for the years
1916-1917 shall be the assessment
roll mentioned in the next proceeding section with such alterations as may be made therein by
the assessor, the court of revision
the board of equalization or by a
judge or court provided in the
Municipal Act.
"The qualifications for Mayor.
Aldermen, School Trustee, and
the qualifications entitling a person to vote or to vote on any bylaw to which the assent of the
electors is required shall for the
year 1916 and thereafter till the
expiration of the year 1917 be
those prescribed in this act.
"The said municipality shall
not have power to assess any
land or property of the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway Company
which is exempt from Provincial
taxation or to collect any taxes
in respect thereof. Provided however that the exemption from
taxation shall not extend beyond
the 31st day of December, 1921."
Commencing at a point on the siuth
bank of the Nechaco River, where it in
intersected by the westerly boundary
of Eraser Avenue; thence north to the
centre of the stream of the Nechaco
River, thence easterly along the centre
of the Btream of the said Nechaco River to a point opposite a branch of the
Nechaco which flows between lots 343
and 1511; thence south-easterly along
the centre of the stream of the said
branch of the Nechaco to the Fraser
River; thenee southerly and southwesterly along the centre of the strea n
of the said Fraser River to a point due
cast of the south boundry of Bowser
Avenue; thence west t> the shore
of the Fraser River, and continuing
west along the south boundary of
Bowser Avenue to the west boundary
of Vuncouver Street; thence north anil
north-easterly along the westerly
boundary of Vancouver Street to the
southerly boundary of 13th Avenue;
thence westerly along the southern
boundary of 13th Avenue to the northwest corner of Lot 1 Black 102 of the
townsite of Prince George; thence south
along the west boundary of Lot 1 Block
102 to the point of intersection with
thc southerly boundary of Fort Street;
thence west along the south boundary
of Fort Street to the west boundary of
Fraser Avenue; thence north along the
west boundary of Fraser Avenue to
the point oi commencement, containing
an area of 1092 acres, more or leas. A niitKL.r JOURNAL OF LOCAL UENERA1. NEWS,   PUBLISHED
Evekv Friday at its Pwntin. Officr
in South Port George.
Price   One Year in Advance   -   -   - $3 00
"      Six Months in Advance    -   - 1.76
Three Months in Advance    - 1.00
To The United Stales  -   -   - ."...">U
No paper stopped until all arrearages are paid except al
the option of the publishers,
Twelve cents  per  line  for the lirst insertion, and eight
cents per line for each subsequent insertion.
For Sale, Lost and Found Ads. minimum charge fifl cents
for British loluniDia
It is very easy in ijif urai iiubh
[of such a victory to praise the
Navy and the Admiralty. You do 	
not need any help from me to see j The refinjng. of oil on a large
its value and its gallantry, or to Lcale is now beinK carried on at
guess at the long years of prepar- the p]ant of the imperial Oil
ation which have made it possible.
What I would like, is, that you
Write Fir
per insertion,
limited to one inch.    Other raters furnished on
Publishers and Proprietors,
South Fort George, B.
The Government of British Columbia has risen to its
occasion ancl passed a bill at the recent session, in aid of
agriculture in this province, that should satisfy all critics.
There will be those who will cry not enough. These
are they who look upon Government as a Paternal Organization ; People who in the extreme view of such an attitude would expect the government to loan the money and
then come in and do the work also. And then there is that
class who will criticise what the Government does no matter how good the action might be.
But fair minded men will look upon the Agricultural
Bill just passed, as rendering to the " Back to the Land"
movement, that help and concrete base, which a large portion of the British Columbia tillable lands most require.
To be able to borrow at low rates of interest, from
$250 to $10,000 to one individual, to aid in clearing and
putting land under cultivation, and have from 20 to 361
years in which to pay it back, with the privilege of paying
on the debt as small a sum as $25 at one time, is a boon to
the real farmer, and a thing our fore-fathers never dreamed of.
Without doubt as experience and practice, under the
bill-as applied to British Columbia's needs-develop, it
will be rounded out, added to, and its power enlarged and
extended until it shall, without doubt, be the means of
turning British Columbia into the richest mixed farming
province of Canada.
As the lands are cleared of their valuable timber,
gathering to the province its vast potential wealth, then
put under plow and cultivation, and with its mining and
iishing industries, who will say that the Province of British Columbia has not started on its road to progress ? To
be the greatest and pearl of all the provinces, predicted
time and again by men of faith and foresight.
Add to these the railroad policy of the Government,
built on the future of the well-known natural resources of
should remember your feelings
now when the next cold fit comes.
It may be next week. It may be
even to-morrow. The British
Dreadnoughts are in danger of
destruction every hour of the
twenty-four. Because the fleets
are out to win they are out to
lose details. We could not think
the price of the command of the
sea excessive if we lost a squadron of dreadnoughts. Hitherto
we have lost only secondary ships.
The first dreadnought battle
helps to clear a lot of mental
lumber away. It proves that the
day of the "capital ship" is not
over, nor beginning to be over.
Submarines may harass and inflict sharp stings. IUnes may
confine and limit the action of
fleets, and rob a pursuing squadron of its full victory. Yet when
all these have done their worst
the big ship must meet the big
ship, and the war is only won
when the big ships of one opponent have sunk _r crippled
those of the other.
The Man in the Street.
Hitting Back.
Squadron-Commander Richard
B. Davies, R. N., understands
the business of hitting back.
While the Germans were dropping bombs on civilians at Dunkirk and missing 89 per cent, of
their shots, Commander Davies
and Flight • Lieutenant Richard
Peirse were aiming at objects of
real military importance —and
hitting them.
What the British airmen did.
in this as in every case through-    _,^,^_,^,^__
out the war, was to attack the! and large storage tanks
thinks that matter and ignore the
The feat at Zeebrugge is only
one minor incident in the war—
a very gallant deed and a timely
one, but important to us chiefly
as a reminder of things we are
far too liable to forget.
Company, situated at Impoco,
on Burrard Inlet. This firm is
now in a position to supply all
grades of petroleum products.
Not only does the "Made in Canada" motto apply to the goods
manufactured at this refinery,
but the slogan "Made in British
Columbia" is particularly applicable.
The growth of the Imperial Oil
Company in this Province has
been nothing short of amazing.
This concern was among the first
to recognize that British Columbia had a very bright future, and
that Burrard Inlet was a splendid, location for an exporting
plant of this nature.
Shortly after the completion of
the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway, the Imperial Oil
Company entered the British
Columbia field and established
branches of their business at
Victoria and Vancouver. At the
present period they have agencies in every point of importance
in the Province. Adopting the
pioneering policy, they have always kept ahead of the times.
Fifteen years ago, this concern
required only six men to handle
the business done in British Columbia, but it is significant that
at the present time they have in
the vicinity of 500 men on their
The location of this industry is
at the east end of Burrard Inlet,
opposite Port Moody, and was
given the name Impoco, the syllables of which incorporate the
name of the oil company. Impoco will shortly be a thriving
settlement, as the company is
erecting a number of houses, to
be occupied by employees, and
stores, adjacent to the refinery,
Forty Years' Experience
as Practical Canadian Seeds
men supported by exhaustive
testing on our own fully equip,
ped Trial Grounds has riven
us a thorough knowledge of
every known variety.
OUR SEEDH  procure,, the
Uniform High Result*
from season to Reason that ensure r
tinuous Bticcest to the ireowci
panes ne all. copyrighted) lev .1 (•„,.,.
F.R.H.8., wheihiiH hael many yew.*'
Iierii-nre in   the  Wost.   The best ami
only ones of their kieeel In Canada • 7,!
plied to all our ouotomeri. '
. . nn   1   If the Zeppelins have allowed
the province, to carry to market the rich mixed farming! half the winter to go by without
| a serious attempt at  invading
products, that will surely be grown, its (ish, timber, min
erals, and manufactures, and, in fact, make its greatness
of the future. The people of the province can look up and
go forward with confidence and greater assurance than
ever, while the people of the world looking to a new country, a new opportunity, will no more be doubtful what to
do or where to go.
The dark year of 1915 with its wars and turmoil, loss
and destruction, is to British Columbia the opening of a
new era. War will not last always; the future is full of
possibilities and every cloud has its silver lining.
The Dreadnought Test.
THE first Dreadnought battle
has been delayed until the first
Dreadnought is passing out of
date, The result shows that the
Dreadnought idea was right.
This idea was very simple. It was
that in the last resort and in the
final clash of the grand fleets,
only the big gun counted.
had to leave out some of the protection which they would otherwise have provided. For instance
it would be quite feasible to cover
the sides of a dreadnought beneath the water-line with such
heavy armour as to make attacks
by destroyers and submarines
The controllers of the British
Admiralty policy decided other-
^^^^^ | wise.   They thought speed was
All subsequent dreadnoughts better than defensive strength,
andsuper-dreadnoughtsaremere- They held that it was better to
ly a development of this idea. It, tako the risk of being sunk than
is the same as that under which not to be able to "attack first."
the Germans built their great! To this main purpose everything
howitzers for use on land. But >n the design and construction of
whereas on land we have already the ship was made to give way.
found that tbe colossal gun has I Get your blow in first, and be
many limitations—seeing that in- sure it is overwhelming. This
fantrycan burrow underground was the theory of the Dread-
and that trenches are much less noughts. This was and
vulnerable than forts or fixed' theoretical basis o
defences. At sea there is no es-' strategy. This
cape from the big gun once the'tradition.   T
England, we have to thank our
airmen for it. Germany remembers too well, if Britain has forgotten, how British airmen damaged Zeppelins being built in
their factory near Lake Constance
destroyed one in its shed at
Duesseldorf, damaged another at
Brussels, and in one way or
another have accounted, with the
help of the air fleets of our Allies
for at least seven of the German
monster gasbags.
Moreover, it is well-known in
(lermanythat the British aeroplanes are manned by officers
who are prepared to commit suicide for their country. The Zeppelins' crews may well fear the
British airman who thinks death
cheap if it purchasers the destruction of a German airship.
Everything that has happened
shows the wholesome fear which
the sight of a swift aeroplane inspires in the heart of the Herr
Generalissimo of the Gasbag.
In the very first naval battle at
which dirigible airships had been
present they fled before the British seaplanes and warship guns.
Let us go on hitting back. The
air is only one department of
warfare. But in that department
late as we were in realizing its
importance, we have shown that
we can "give as good as we get"
and rather better.   The Zeppelin
Would Give Alaskan
Panhandle to Canada
Washington.—The United
States mav offer the Alaskan
panhandle to Canada as a free
gift on account of the moral effect which such action would
have upon a warring world. A
petition to congress is now being
circulated to this end. It is, in
modified form, the proposal
which has been made for several
years and is now sponsored in
the house of representatives by
Hon. Frank O. Smith of Maryland. Unnatural boundaries, it
is argued, have been greatly responsible for the present European struggle, and the United
States would set an example to
the world to peaceably and unselfishly adjust such boundaries.
Toronto University Hospital
The War oflice having accepted
the offer of the medical faculty
of Toronto University to furnish
and equip a hospital of 1,040
beds, President Falconer, Dean
C. K, Clarke, and Lieut.-Cols. J.
T. Fotheringham and J. A. Roberts, have been appointed a committee to complete the plans.
Miss Gunn, secretary of the Canadian Association of Trained
Nurses, is now at Ottawa making
arrangements for the nurses who
will accompany the hospital.
enemy's ship comes within range, j under
^^^ is the
British Naval
is   the   Ne'son    _,^	
lis is the principle! menace would only be alarming'.n tu,.n
which the British Fleet has to a country without its own aero-
acted since the first moment of |Plane  fleets.   And  though  our
the war.   This is why our fleet' Herr Generalissimo will probably
The  battleship  is something
more than a floating fort or battery    It is a fort which can be'has run the risk for' "six months! try*again7^toT'^ .li'tr7ag*Z
moved firing as it goes. And the of attack  by  submarines   and! and not merely in Great BrltaW
chief eflort ot the designers has mines and mines while Llie Or      T_ niu„» ,.,„    n    .
been to contrive a fort which can' -« * ♦ T'     '- - >^ ,   .Ger" I    In 0ther ^ En«^ «■ well
move more quickly than the en-
^^^^^^^^^^^^ and
mines and mines, while the German Fleet has remained almost
constantly behind its defences.
^my's.   To ensure this they have This is the explanation of Sir
prepared  for hitting back.
marines, able to keep the seas
for a month, and to travel round
the world without putting into
port, remember that the Admiralty has not forgotten the subject
of submarines. Our experts know
is to know about the
ocean-going submarine.
Leave them to hit back when
the time comes. A good way of
hitting back
for civilians is to
disbelieve all scares, to contradict
all timid stories, to trust the force
 ^^^^^^^ If .of the British fist, and to rely on
someone makes your flesh creep the aim being true  when
with tales of German super-sub- [smashing blow is delivered,
n'^s Seed Co., Limited.
North Coast Land Co., Ltd.,
, Phone 15. PRINCE GEORGE, R. C.
L. R. WALKER, General Agent.
Corner Hamilton & Third
South Fort George, B.C.
The newest and most modern
hotel in the northern interior
Rates  $2.50 and $3
Meathlr and weekly ralu on application
Best ot wlnei,
Llquon and clean
Albert Johnson, r«».
Undertaker and Funeral Director.
Caskets, Funeral Supplies, & Shipping Cases always on hand,
Out-of-town calls promptly attended to.
Phone 23 Fort George.
Prince George and Fort George.
Just Stop and Think
of the risk and inconvenience of burning coal oil.
Why not be up-to-date? Have your house wired,
it costs but a trifle more. Rates on application at
our office - Rooms 7 & 8, Post Building, George
Street, and at the plant, South Fort George. We
have a stock of lamps, shades, fixtures, irons, and
handle all utility devices.
Northern Telephone & Power Co., Ltd.
Electric Light Service and Power Furnished.
House Wiring and Electrical Fixtures of all kinds.
Phone 19-Four Rings, South Fort George.
Phone 10, Prince George,
Fort George Hardware Co.
Sheet Metal.   Furnaces a Specialty.
Plumbing, Steam and Hot Water
PhfMIPC   No' ' "OUTH   FORT   GEORGE. Green Bros., Burden & Co.
Civil Engineers, Dominion 4 B. C. hnd Sunt jw»
Surveys of Lanels. Mines, Townsites, Timber
Limits, Etc.
aix nunoreu minions 	
tu    .er  A bi" entitled  "An Act Re-
ihe Monetary Times Annual specting Agriculture and Provid-
estitnated the value of all field ling for the Incorporation  and
Victoria Hotel
(Formerly Grand Union)
Third Street     -     South Fort Georg*
Hot and Cold Water Baths
F.C. BURCH       -      -        Proprietor
Sir, I came down from a long line
of ancestors.
Indeed! Were many of them hanging
on it?
Pioneer Bakery
We are the pioneers in the
baking business. Always has
and always will be the best.
Come and give us a call.
FRED TIEMEYER, Proprietor.
Church of England
Holy Communion 1st and
Sundays at 8 a. m.
Every Sunday at 11 a.m. Holy
Communion Sung with sermon.
Morning prayer at 10:45.
Evening prayer and  sermon
Presbyterian Church
Rev. A, C. Justice,    pastor,
Services :    11 a. m. and   7.30
p. m. Gospel service.
11 a. m.-The Minister.
7.80 p. in.-The Minister.
Sunday School 2 p. m,
A. C. Justice, Minister.
crops in Canada at $615,406,565,
this necessarily being a preliminary estimate. The final report
of the census and statistics office
in its estimate gives the following figures, which are very near
those of the preliminary estimate
of the Monetary Times Annual.
Computed at average local market prices, the values of all field
crops in 1914 were as follows:
Wheat, $196,418,000; oats, $151,-
811,000; barley. $21,557,000; rye,
$1,679,300; buckwheat, $.6,213,-
000; peas, $4,895,000; beans,
$1,884,300; mixed grains, $10,-
759,400; flax, $,868,000, and corn
for husking, $9,808,000. For all
field crops, including root and
fodder crops, the total value a-
mounts to $639,061,300, as compared with $552,771,500 in 1913,
the increase of $86,289,800 being
chiefly due to the enhancement
of prices, which has thus more
than counterbalanced the low
yields of grain in consequence of
the drought.
For the whole of Canada the
area estimated to be sown to
field crops was 35,102,175 acres,
as compared with 35,375,430 acres
in 1913. Upon this area the total production of grain crops in
bushels was as follows: Wheat,
161,280,000; oats, 313,078,000:
barley, 36,201,000; rye, 2,016,-
800; buckwheat, 8,626,000; peas,
3,362,500; beans, 797,500; mixed
grains, 16,382,500; flax, 7,175,-
200, and corn for husking, 13,-
sale of securities by which the
funds for the purposes of the
commission have been raised.
A long-dated loan shall be re-
Regulation of Agricultural Asso- |Pa'd with interest as fixed in the
ciations and Making Provision
for Agricultural Credits" has
been introduced in the provincial legislation by Sir Richard
McBride. In the main the bill
is based on the recommendations
mortgage, within a period to be
fixed by the commission, at either thirty-six and one-half
years, thirty years, or twenty
years, until the whole loan with
interest thereon has been paid.
January 1st,
Victory follows
the flag.
of the Royal Commission of Ag- jThe commission may from time
Tacked to the frame was a small
white placard, reading; "A portrait of
J. F. Jones, by himself."
The aged Hollander read the card
and then chuckled sarcastically.
"Vot fools is deae art beoples," he
muttered. "Anybody dot lookn at dot
picture vould know dot Jones is by
himself. Nobody else is in der picture."
The Modem
Carpet of .
Bagdad . .
There are few people who do not
know the story of the wonderful carpet on which the owner had but to sit,
wish to be at some place, and, lo!
immediately he found himself there.
Some agents of this nature would be
appreciated by many a manufacturer
in jumping the demand for his product into a thousand places, a thousand miles away. Apparently to such
a man there is no means of "getting
there " and placing his name and his
goods right into that territory, except
by slow, laborious bit-by-bit acquaintanceship, and mouth-to-mouth testimonials.
But he has overlooked the modern
Carpet of Bagdad—
It is Newspaper Advertising.
If you are doing a local business, talk
over your advertising problems with
the Advertising Department of this
Provision is made for the con
stitution of an Agricultural Commission for the administration of
loans for agricultural purposes.
This board shall consist of a
superintendent, who shall, ex
officio, be director, and four
other directors. The superintendent shall be appointed by
the Lieutenant - Governor - in-
Council, and shall hold office for
ten years from the date of appointment, and he shall devote
the whole of his time to the duties of his office. The Deputy
minister of finance and Deputy
Minister of Agriculture for the
time being shall be ex-officio directors of the Commission. The
remuneration of the officials
shall be fixed by the Lieutenant-
Governor-in-Council. The board
shall meet at least once in every
It shall be lawful for the commission to lend money by making
loans, and the working capital
shall be such moneys as may be
raised from time to time by the
issue of securities under the act,
and such other moneys as may
be appropriated from time to
time for the commission's purposes by the Legislature. The
commission may issue securities
in such sum, for such period (not
exceeding thirty years) and at
such rates of interest as the Minister may determine. All securities shall be sold through the
Department of Finance by the
Minister, who shall determine
the limit of price below which
the securities shall not be negotiated.
The due payment of all such
securities, both as to principal
and interest, shall be unconditionally guaranteed by the Crown
in the right of the Province,
All moneys in the Commission's
account shall be property of the,
Crown, and provision  is madej
for the establishment of a re-[
serve fund.   If at the end of any
calendar year there is found to
exist a deficiency in the reserve
fund for the payment of losses,
such deficiency shall be made up
out of the consolidated revenue
fund of the Province.   All moneys received by the commission
in payment of the principal moneys of loans shall be payable into
the sinking fund.
Lands on which loans may be
made are described as follows:
Land held by indefeasible title;
land held by record or pre-emption; land held by certificate of
purchase on the deferred payment system under the land act,
or land held as homestead, preemption, or purchased homestead
under any act of the Parliament
of Canada; provided always that
no loan shall be made upon the
security of unsurveyed land or in
case where a prior loan existed.
Loans will be made for the
specific purposes of clearing the
land, erection of farm buildings,
the purchase of stock, discharging of liabilities incurred for the
improvement and development of
land, and for any purpose which
in the opinion of the Commission
will increase the productiveness
of the land.
No loan shall be granted for a
sum of less than $250 or for a
greater amount than §10,000 to
any one borrower, other than any
association, and loans are to be
advanced by instalments. The
rate of interest shall be determined from time to time, and
the basis for fixing the rate shall
as nearly as practicable be the
adoption of a rate which shall
exceed by not more than one per
cent per annum the rate actually
to time invest such portion of its
available funds as it sees fit in
short-dated loans, not exceeding
in amount $2000 to an individual
or $10,000 to an association.
Power is given for enlarging
loans on favorable term 3, and irrespective of the prescribed payments any mortgage may from
time to time on any interest date
pay to the commission any sum
not less than 825, in reduction of
his mortgage debt.
The council of any municipality may grant money in aid of
any duly organized farmers' institute.
The Act is voluminous, consisting of forty-five pages, and
is replete with schedule and full
details descriptive of the powers
conferred upon the commissioners and provisions for the operations of the measure.
Cost of Modern Wariare
During his recent speech on
the (lerman blockade, Premier
Asquith estimated the present
cost of war as $7,500,000 daily to
the allies alone and likely to grow
to $8,500,000 or more daily by
May. He gave these figures in
asking for a supplementary vote
of credit, making a total of 362,-
000,000 pounds ($1,810,000,000)
to prosecute to Mar:h 31, which
the house unanimously granted.
The entire struggle with Napoleon cost England only 1,831,-
000,000 pounds, and the South
African war only 211,000,000
pounds, according to the premiers figures.
Hyker-Why did you give up smoking?
Pyker— In order to marry a rich
Hyker—I fail to see the connection.
Pyker—She refused to give up her
weeds unless I would give up mine.
"Captain, did you ever see a sea serpent r
"No mum; I ain't never stayed
ashore long enough for that."
"I tell you they are too tight," daid
Pat. "They are tighter than mc skin."
"Nonsense, Pat; how can they be
tighter than your skin?"
"Begorra!" exclaimed Pat. "I can
sit down in my skin, but I can't sit
down in the trousers."
Engineers to Resume Work
Glasgow. — The engineers on
strike in the Clyde shipyards,
who were ordered by the Government to return to work, have
decided to resume operations on
condition that no overtime work
be required of them. Thev also
decided that if their demand for
an increase in wages of twopence
(four cents) per hour was not
conceded they would adopt an
"in-strike," which means that
they will loiter at their tasks,
thereby reducing production to a
We wish ynn health, and wish you wealth,
Ami many a merry day,
And a happy heart to pluy' the part
On lhe great highway.
Phone 1
Prince Cease
and Operators
^y LIMITtD "^4-v
C. McElroy, Mueiat: .
Phone 11
Soulh Fori Ccaifc
Domestic Coal
Of the highest grade obtainable and specially
sifted for domestic use.
Lath, Kiln Dried Coast and Local Lumber, Cedar Siding,
Sash and Doors, Building Papers, Ready
Roofings, Wall Boards, etc.
for COAL er WOOD
of all kinds and sizes for every Kitchen
We are exclusive agents for the famous
are right.
We are allowing a special 10 per cent,
discount on every article in our stores.
Orders will be taken at our Prince George
Yard as well as at our store at South.
Remember the 10 per cent. CASH Discount.
W. F. COOKE, Pm.
RUSSttL PEDEN, Vi«.fr«.
G. i. .cUUCIUIN, Santa,
Danforth & Mclnnis,
G. T. P. R   @
Edmonton - Prince George
Prince Rupert
No. 1 Leave Edmonton Tuesdays and Fridays 10-00 p.m.
West Bound- Arrive Prince George Wednesdays & Saturdays 8 00 p.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,, 8-15 ,,
Arrive Prince Rupert Thursdays and Sundays  6-30 p.m.
No. 2 Leave Prince Rupert Wednesdays and Saturdays 10 a.m.
Eaat Bound- Arrive Prince George Thursdays and Sundays 8-30 a.m.
Leave    ,, ,, ,, ,,        8-45 ,,
Arrive Edmonton Fridays and Mondays 8-30 a.m.
Travel via the
Our Agents will be pleased to furnish any
information desired.
Diatrict Passenger Agent,
Winnipeg, Man,
London.— The Dutch steamer
Prinzs Juliana,   which recently
arrived at Tilbury, reports that
she met a (lerman submarine en
route from Flushing.   The sub-;
marine examined the  steamer, '•
which had her name painted in I
immense white  letters on  her!
sides,   Apparently satisfied with j
her examination, the submarine
changed its course and disappeared.
"Between three and twelve half-
fare; after twelve, full fare," answered
the booking clerk.
"Och," cried Pat in dismay, "And
it's half-past twelve now. We've come
too late, Bridget, we must go back and
come again tomorrow before twelve,"
Automobiles for hire.
Machinery Repaired.   Skates Sharpened.
Lathe Work.
South Fort George.
Dmummono a MoKay.
Launches Overhauled and Repaired.  Storage.
Gasoline Oils and Accessories.
Phone 57. The past week has been one of
no small importance to the people
of this district.
Announcements were made
that should speedily make for a
rijjht-about-f.ee in business and
civic conditions throughout the
Fort George district, in which
Piince George and South Fort
(leorge will take their place as
the centre of prosperity.
The first and most important
step was the passing of the Agricultural Bill by the Provincial
Government, This assures the
needed assistance towards getting the land settled and under
cultivation, without which our
city could not expect to prosper.
The opening of a Port of Entry was announced, and goods in
Rond can be cleared here instead
of continuing to suffer the inconvenience and loss of time of
clearing at Edson or Prince Rupert.
The extension of the local mail
service to points east and west
instead of having letters for local points between Prince George
going through to Edmonton and
held there to be sorted and then
returned to points along the line,
was inaugurated.
The passing of the Incorporation Rill making of Prince (leorge
a self governing municipality,
where its taxes and improvements can be attended to by a
local legislature, is full of possi
bilities to the people of the dis-
1 trict.
The announcement of the Pro-
vincial election   on April   10th. j
'with  a member  for  the  Fort
i George District,   brings to us as |
I a people recognition of our importance in  the  affairs of the
Without doubt, these matters
tending to the welfare of the
people, the prosperity ancl speedy
growth of our City and District,
have in a twinkling of an eye
worked a transformation that
has long been expected and looked for, but which, owing to the
war, seemed impossible of fulfillment for a long time to come.
Prince George-South Fort (leorge
have come into their own and
will speedily fulfill their destiny.
Where pessimism was rampant,
optimism has succeeded to control.
All these matters have been
subjects of effort by the Chambers of Commerce of South Fort
George and Prince George for
some time. Other developments
are now expected to follow close
upon these, and the busy hum of
a people engaged in their several
vocations will transform the
whole section.
LARGE firm of London Furriers wish
to get into touch with collectors of
raw skins, Fox, Skunk, Musk Rat,
Wolf, etc., any quanitk'S, fair market
value. (Jan nine references to leading
Canadian Hanks.—The Wholesale Fur
Co., 201, Regent Street, London, Eng.
Spring Opening in Millinery
Beginning Monday, March 15th
at the  Hudson's  Bay Company's Office,   Fort
George (South), on and after 15th March, 1915.
N. H. Wesley,
Specialist in Farm Lands and Prince George Lots.
Phoenix Assurance Co. of London
Liverpool and London and Globe of Liverpool
British American Assurance Co. of Toronto.
Pioneer Real Estate and Insurance Agent; of lie Northern Interior
of British Columbia.
The work (luring the coming year
throughout the Carilioo District on
l'Oiuls and bridges is to bo continued
with more or lo39 energy by the
Department of Public Works. The
largest appropriation outside of the
Skeena district which got §175,000
is that for Cariboo, ft. is expected
that approximately $65,000 will lie
expended ill the Fort (leorge distriet.
Cordillere Mining Co.
Reports Rich Gold
and Copper Strike
One of the richest strikes of
.old and copper ever discovered
in British Columbia, has been
found at Usk, B. C. 106 miles
this side of Prince Rupert on the
G. T. P. The discoverers are
J. D. Wells and James Darley
with whom are associated J. T.
Jennings and G. T. Mills, two
well-known local mining men.
The mine is known as the
"Cordillere." The company is
composed of six claims and is
only 500 feet from the railway
track. The company is being incorporated with a capital of
$1,000,000, divided into shares of
$1.00 each par value.
A vein some 600 feet long and
from 4 to 10 feet wide, has been
uncovered and is admitted by
some of the best mining authorities to be one of the best propositions as yet discovered in B. C.
For the purpose of further development, the owners have decided to sell 50,000 shares and
have placed same on the local
market at the very low figure of
15c per share, and have appointed P. M. Ruggies, the well-known
real estate agent, as their local
representative. The shares will
only be sold at this price for ten
days. A car of ore will be.ship
ped to the Gran by Smelting Co.
immediately, and those interested locally are waiting with keen
interest for the report of the returns.
Assay show 2 ozs. Gold.
38 ozs. Silver.
45 per cent. Copper
4 per cenf. Iron.
Few people have known of the
prospects of the mine as owing to
so many strikes throughout the
country, the owners have quietly
prosecuted their development,
mining tunnels every 150 to 200
feet and finding satisfactory results at each tapping of the vein.
Full information can be obtained at the office of F. M. Ruggies
on Georfe Street, Prince George.
TAKE NOTICB, that Leslie Wood
and B. B. Haynes who have lately
carried on business in partnership
under the firm name and style of Haynes
& Wood, us Transportation Agents, at
Giscombe Portage, B. C, have dissolved
partnership and will henceforth be carried on by E. B. Haynes.
All hills iigainat the late partnership
lirm will be paid by E. B. Haynes to
whom all debts due and owing the said
partnership now become due and payable.
Dated the Ilth day of March, 191S.
Leslie Wood
E. B. Haynes
.. GO TO.,
For Your Groceries.
10 per cent, less than any other
house in town.
TAKE   NOTICE   that   Norman   H
Wesley and Munroe C.  Wiggins,
who huve lately carried on business
in partneiship under the firm name and
style of Wesley & Wigpins, as Real
Estate und Insurance Brokers, at South
Port George and Prince George, ll. C,
have tliiwoTved partnershipuwlwill each
henceforth carry on business separately.
All hills against the late partnership
lirm will be paid by Norman II. Wesley
to whom ull debts due and owing to the
said partnership now become due and
Dated the 1st day of March, 1915.
Norman H. Wesley.
Munkoe C. Wiooins.
U R Telegraph Ollice ut Prince
George is now open fur Iiu lincss.
All telegrams for Prince George
and Central Kort George will fn
through this ollice. Free delivery
between I'rince and Central.
British  Columbia  Land Surveyor
LiiiiiI Awn!      Timber Cruitier
Representing GOItE & MoOREOOU, l,lmlt«l
McGregor ileiil.lini/, Third Street, SOUTH
from a business trip to Vaneouver
ami Victoria on Thursday's train.
»   *   *   •   »
('. E. McElroy, manager of the
Fort Cteorgo Trailing & Lumber Co.
arrived borne Thursday morning, [
frmu attendance at the trial of his
Company's suit against the Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway at Vaneouver.
«   *   #   «   *
Miss II. A. Fry, Graduate Nurse,
is now disengaged. She is staying
at Mrs. IT. O. Williamson's, South
Fort (leorge.   Phone 37.
Archie Tait, formerly connected
with the Hudson Bay Co. here, has
resigned as manager of the Hudson
Bay Post at Fort St. James. He is
expected in town this week.
* *   «   »   *
For Sale at Sacrifice:
Cash registers, Silent salesmen cases,
Typewriters, Counters, Tables,
Shelves, Mirrors, etc.
I). Cohbnt & Co., George Street.
* *   *   *   •
Mrs. Harry Brawn entertained at
tea on Tuesday afternoon, in honor
of Mrs. Dickson, of Vancouver, and
Mrs. MacPberson, of Barkerville.
Mrs. Hughes and Mrs. Williams
assisted Mrs. Brawn.
* #   •   t   •
Father Cocola is visiting among
his many friends in the Fort (leorge
* t   t   t   t
Mrs. Blair entertained a small
party at Bridge on Tuesday evening.
A very pleasant evening was spent.
There were three tables.
Ho! For a St. Patrick's Dance.
The boys of the Hockey Club have
made arrangements for a dance on
St. Patrick's day, the 17th inst.
The place: Ritts-Kifer Hall. The
price: gentlemen 81.00; ladies free,
Refreshments will be served. Let
everyone come along and make the
dance a success for the lioys who
have given us many enjoyable hours
at the hockey matches this winter.
John Bronger of the contracting
and building firm of Bronger &
Flynn returned to town from a trip
to the Coast this week. Mr. Bronger has put up a new office and
work shop in Prince George on
Third Avenue, east of George Str.
»   •   »   *   *
D. F. M. Perkins, Notary Public,
and Secretary of the Conservative
Association, will be found in his
new office on Third Avenue, Prince
George, east of George Street.
• •   •   t   •
One of the most enjoyable dances
of the season was given on Tuesday
evening in Birch's hall by several
young men, in honor of Mrs. Jack
Robarts and her daughter Mona,
who are soon to leave on a visit to
relatives on the Coast and California. There were forty guests. The
hall was most tastefully decorated
with streamers and Japanese lanterns. Each guest received dainty
souvenir programmes. At midnight refreshments were served by
the hosts. The fact that the party
did not break up until the weesma'
hours is proof that all present had
a most delightful time dancing to
the splendid music furnished by
Rushworth's orchestra. The hosts
established a record for themselves
as entertainers, which the guests of
honor will not soon forget.
• *   •   t   •
The Panama News Stands on
George Street, Prince (ieorge, and
Hamilton Street, South FortGeorge
have your Home Newspapers, also
Magazines, Cigars, Cigarettes and
Snuffs. Vou will find there, too, a
complete lino of Stationery, We
lire up-to-date in everything.
The Panama Nkws Co.
He ia a fortunate man who can catch
up with his ambitions and his debts.
Architect and Civil Engineer
Temporary Office:
Cornor Vancouver and Eighth Streets,
Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccos, at Wholesale and Retail,
Stationery, Magazines, Newspapers, Confections, and
Toilet Articles.
Fort George Drug Co., Ltd.
Laselle Avenue, South Fort George.   ::   George Street, Prince George.
Kodaks - Gramophones • Records
P. BURNS & CO. Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in all Kinds of
Fresh and Cured Meats
Butter, Cheese, Eggs;
Highest Prices Paid for Hides and Live Stock
-___4__    port fieorge ^ s^ji, port gjflpgg     Ph.B,3e
Contractors & Builders
Gel Our Estimates Free of Charge
Job Work Neatly and Promptly Exe
Phoni  26
Phone 67.
You want,
Go to
Kennedy, Blair & Co.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items