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Fort George Herald 1912-03-09

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 begs to warn the
(public, against
signing petitions
now in circulation.
ask you  to.
answer   shojdflrfbe
n o ,J5P
VOLUME. 3, NO. 10
S 0 U T II POBT G E 0 R G E , B . C    M A R C H 9th 1912.
Telegraphic despatches from Ottawa state that Judge Mabee
and the Railway Commission refused to consider the application
of the Natural Resources Security Company Limited for an immediate and exact location of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
Station, which the application further sought to have placed near
or on the townsite properties of the applicants.
A. B. Cartwrieht, secretary of the
Railway Commission, in reply to a
message by The Hkkai.d, informed
m that the Commission refused to
make any order at the hearing held on
the sixth but the matter would perhaps come before the Board again
when the company's line reaches Port
G OnKanplying by wire to the Grand
Trunk ffiiic Railway forjurther in-
formation, Henry Phillip, secretary of
the company, stated in reply that the
Railway Commission did not state
where the railway station shall be
placed, and will not do so until the railway company has opportunity to'make
proper surveys and obtain such necessary and proper information and
present plans as to proper location when
these will be approved in the customary
Pass Cariboo, All's Well!
• •
Specially written for THE HERALD by HARIfY E.BRITTAIN,
bpeciany ^ ^ jmperigl preg8 Cnference.
If it was not my good fortune to
be in Fort George at the time of
that city's birth, it was assuredly
my fortune to be there at the
birth of one of her finest products
and to welcome into this world of
woe the first appearance of the
Port George Herald.
Tli is was only a few months
ago, but things move quickly on
the Upper Fraser, so I am not surprised to hear that the Herald
meditates a grent special number,
and the editor writes to his old
friends to surprise them and receive their congratulations.
It fell to my pleasant lot to see
the New British Columbia as the
guest of British Columbia's Pre-
niii'i'. for whom I have almost as
much admiration as I have for the
magnificent Province over whieh
he presides, I could therefore dilate ut some length on the splendid
prospects awaiting those who follow the pioneers up the Cariboo
road, but as the pen is only my
pastime and not my profession,
and the "daily round" is at present insisting on some twelve hours
I have to restrain this would-be
The average traveller who makes
his way across British Columbia
from Banff to Vancouver has little idea of the magnificent land of
the Fraser and its many tributaries, which lies away to the
Nnrlh, beyond tiie towering hills.
Perhaps this is somewhat excusable, fur the country round Ashcroft (where the road for the
North leaves the rail) is a dreary
region of sand mountains, and
hardly supports the idea of arrival at the gates of a very Garden of Eden,
Some three years ago when
making this orthodox trip, 'I well
remember looking at the map and
reading through the very meagre
details of the "New B. C." which
then appeared in a Canadian guide
hook; the result of my investigations did not encournge me to
leave the train.
However. I have since rectified
that mistake, and paid a visit to
the Upper Fraser and the land of
Cariboo so delightful was the experience that I have been busy
since persuading other Britons to
go and do likewise.
My memories of Fort George
arc of the very happiest—Just a
few hustled hours, but they were
food ones!-—a. pleasant little dinner in the temporary tent hotel at
Central Fort George; a bumpy
ride in the dark (this was not so
good!) to South Port George; a
good rousing meeting in a brand
new store, and then a supper par.
ty—and such a supper party!
Led by a string of lanterns we
were escorted to another newly*
born building where a wondrous
meal was spread; the room, both
walls and ceiling, lined with Union Jacks, whilst the examples of
cullinery art which covered the
tables were a triumph of skill on
the part of the wives and daugh
]ters of the little community; in
small things, as in great, the worn
en of Canada can1 always rise ot
the occasion. There was even an
orchestra, and if ever three mu
sicians worked like beavers our's
were the three.
And then in the morning's early
hours a cheery circle of friends
sang Anld Lang Syne with a swing
that made the stars twinkle.
I don't forget Quesnel, and its
wonderful historic rum at the old
Hudson Bay store; though rum is
not one of my hobbies, I'm quite
prepared to believe that particular
brand was remarkable. Neither
do I forget the run from Port
George to Quesnel, and the unset
tling of my best beauty sleep when
the good ship B. X. bumped on
the rocks, or the brilliant way in
whieh Captain Brown extricated
us from our difficulties and pulled
us through.
This rock banging business as
an odd experience is thrillingly attractive, but as a daily fare it
might prove rather too much of a
tonic; surely the Dominion gov*
ernment at the expense of a few
thousand dollars could put tbe
rocks at the side of the river,
where they are meant to be, and
leave the middle for the water,
for an ordinary plain rapid hurts
However, these little experiences will soon be things of the
past, and in the years to come the
great metropolis of Port George
will smile when she thinks of her
pioneer days. But I'm glad that
my first visit was at the beginning
of things, and I shall ever remember the little town as I knew it
then, and even more the splendid
fellows who were building for the
A fine, fearless, open-hearted
race are the men of the forest
frontier, and it's worth the journey to thc Par Northwest to meet
them at their work, and shake
them by the hand; for there isn't
a better, broader guaged type to
be met with under the Flag.
Yes, I like Fort George!
More than thirty-five years ago
a little party of surveyors plunged
into the then great wilderness lying west of the present city ,of
Winnipeg, traversed the vast
stretches between there and the
Rocky Mountains, struck through
that great harrier by way of the
Yellow Head Tass, where nature
herself had prepared the way, and
down the mighty Fraser to the
then remote outpost of the Hudson's Bay Company, known as
Port George. From Port George
they continued westward along
the' south bank of the Nechaco to
the month of the Chillacco or Mud
Having been again nominated by the Conservatives of Cariboo to contest the Constituency in the interests of the party, I
appeal to the Electors of Cariboo for their usual hearty support.
During the three sessions of the twelfth parliament, in which
I have represented the district I have tried to discharge the
responsibilities of the position in the best public interest, and
trust that my efforts will inter, with approval.
Tne policy on which the McBride Government is asking your
approval will, I am sure commend itself to the best judgement
of tho people of the District. The Railway Policy,submitted presents the first instance on which the people of Cariboo are dir-
ectyl and personally in a position te derive immediate results,
and having in the past endorsed railway expansion in other
parts of the Province, I ata confident now that with the prospects of immediate construction of an important Trunk line
through the district the Government Policy will be unanimously endorsed.
The government submits with confidence its record, and asks
for your further endorsation, and I feel I am not too optimistic in asking vyou for a careful and favorable consideration of
my own efforts, and to expect from you a hearty support.
Yours faithfully,
John A. Fraser
-lata Aadenos Fraser.
To the Electors of Cariboo:
Having been requested to allow my name to come
before tbe electors as a candidate in tbe forthcoming provincial
election, I respectfully solicit your support and influence on my behalf. I am prepared to support tbe railway policy, which will help
to develop tbe natiral resources of this district. Having been a
resident for eighteen years I know from practical experience bow
much such transportation is needed and I feel assured that with
the advent of a railway Cariboo is capable ot becoming the banner
county of British Golumbia. Tbe main issue to be considered by
the electors in this constituency is the land policy ot tbe present
government. I believe that Cariboo has a grievance to register in
this matter. A pre-emptor myself, and knowing the difficulties of
getting a start on a brush farm, I maintain that tbe least the
government should do is to provide a sufficient number ot land
offices to Insure the home-seeker getting quick and reliable information. I am prepared to advocate, further, the adoption of the Australian methods, by which the government assist their pre-emptors with a loan at a reasonable rate of interest. I therefore appeal
for your support on this issue.
Yours faithfully,
John Holt'
Comiiini-td an pit* 'our.
Referring to the McBride Railway
policy, the Victoria "Week" says:
The first provision is for the con.
atruction of an entirely independent
line from Howe Bound, Vancouver,
by way of the Squamlah Valley,
Pemberton Meadows, Lillooet and
tha Black Water to Fort Oeorge, an
installment of a north and south line
to be ultimately carried through to
the Peace River country and there
connected with the Eastern transcontinental lines. This railway la to be
built by the strongest and best
known firm of raiway contractors in
the west,  Messrs.  Foley, Welsh and
Stewart, who have built all the 0
T. P. work in britisb Columbia. The
llrat railway company to have running powera over this new line will
be the G. T. P., who will thus have
a direct connection between their
main line and the great terminal city
of Vancouver; but similar powera will
be conceded to other companies. The
line will tap a country of great agricultural and forest wealth. Indeed,
some sections ot tbe country tnrough
which lt passes, notably Pemberton
Meadows and Lillooet, have enjoyed
a continual reputation for more than
half a century. The length of the Una
W. F.  Cooke has  left Ottawa for
South Fort George.
The big bell haB been landed in
position in the cupola of the fire hall
at the corner of Third street and Laselle Avenue.
Mr. Thomas Chctwynd states that
his lather will arrive here early in
the month of May accompanied hy a
party ol British capitalists amongst
whom will be the Marquis of Anglesey, son of the late Henry William
Paget Anglesey, Karl of Uxhridge,
who overthrew the Imperial Guard at
the Battle of Waterloo, and whose
services were rewarded by his being
created Marquis of Anglesey, and
later Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
A dance will be held in McGaghren
& Thome's hall on March the 14th.
to celebrate tbe day St. Patrick ran
the snakes out of Ireland.
W. P. Moran, a recent arrival here,
purchased A. G. Hamilton's blacksmith shop this week, and has commenced business. The consideration
is about $2500. Mr. Moran is a first
cluss mechanic.
The snow is steadily dissapearing
before the rays of the hot spring
The toot of the steamboat whistles
will soon be awakening the echoes
on the upper Fraser river. Navigation opens on the first of May, and
by July we believe there will be
eight steamboats plying between the
head of navigation on the Fraser
river, Tete Jaune Cache, and Soda
Creek, a stretch of water 475 miles
Mr. Burch has had a large sign
placed on the top of his rooming
house by which it is understood that
it will in future be known as the
Grand Union Rooming House.
Down in Vancouver the cartoonists
are busy poking Iun at the effete old
east on the grounds that they are
forced to enjoy a more lengthy season of cold weather than the cities ol
the northern Pacific slope, whilst the
eastern he-be artists embellish their
allotted spaces with pictures of web-
footed people under umbrellas in the
driving rain. Up here we can afford
to smile at the disadvantages of the
weather meted out to the older centres in the sheer joy of living in such
a climate as this.
Albert Johnson, proprietor of the
Northern Hotel, is installing a water
system for his building. It will be
run by gasoline power.
Frank Hoffercamp, the pioneer ton-
sorial artist of South Fort George
this week installed a neat pumping
plant In bis Second Street barber
shop. Frank and his barber shon are
amongst the oldest pioneers recollections. He hewed his building out
of green spruice trees, in a lit.Ie
clearing here long before there were
any twenty-five foot lots in the district, bought, a set of razors and sat
down and waited lor people to shave.
For a sure example of perseverance
Frank hows to the crowd.
Fred. Tiemeyer re-opened his cafe
for business last Monday. He will go
down down to posterity as the first
importer of German sausages into
this great future city.
Yesterday's stage came in crowded
with passengers and express matter,
Tbe British Columbia Express Company are giving an excellent service
between Quesnel and this place, although we believe they must do so at
a considerable financial loss.
Thomas G. Wall, representing the
McClarey Manufacturing company,
Mr. Bayers, of Johnson Brothers,
Mr. Knight of Ramsay & Company,
and Mr. Smith of the Havana Cigar
Company were amongst the arrivals
on yesterday's stage.
presently contracted for Is 450 miles.
In this way the railway policy of
Mr. McBride brings three transcon-
tlnantal lines to converge in the
neighborhood of Vancouver, and
places them in direct communication
by fast lerry service witb Virtoria.
Manager West of the British Columbia Express Company arrived
here yesterday on business. The company is making some changes in the
personnel of its agents by which we
understand Mr. Thomas Chetwynd,
the local        h will be transferred to
another po.
many friend
to the regret of  his FORT GEORGE HERALD
Devoted   to   the   interests   of   Fort
George and  the entire Northern Interior.
J. B.  DANIELL.  Editor.
Saturday, March 9th. 1912.
On page ono appears the doctoral address of John Anderson
iiVttsor, our noarost-to-homo
Conservative candidate in the
forthcoming provincial election
campaign. In the opinion of lho
Herald lie is tlio man to vote
for. His co-nominee, Michael
Callarfan, also merits tho support of tln> electors of Cariboo,
in so far as ho hus boon chosen
as tho other candidate in a
cause of progress, Although tho
Horald has fought, to the best
of its ability, tlio re-nomination
of those two lower-district men
without duo consideration to
tho demands of the north for
mote direct representation, yet
wo wo aro going to support
thorn to tho extent to which
thoir respective efforts in behalf
of this distriot, have entitled
thun to our respect and good
offices for    such consideration.
The two Conservative candidates should have an easy road
to victory. Prom the ranks of
tho opposition but one political
warrior has stepped into uhe
arena as a Liberal candidate
and ho brazenly states his in-
tontion of supporting the railway policy. This Liberal candidate is Mr. John Holt, a
Quosnel farmer. In former days
Mr. Holt was a strenuous Conservative, and a staunch supporter of Richard McBride and
his government, and whilst we
have latterly known of him as
a stalwart of the Liberal party
wo again have evidence of his
versatility by his avowed support of the railway policy
which the Liberal press of the
province is trying to tear to
pieces. He has mixed up a little
of the late Jolm Houston's
"Progressive Liberal Party's"
plutform, with its antipodal
land policy. In any event John
Holt will not cut very much ice
with the electors of Ce riboo,
for he is not even consistent* in
his flip-flop political advoensy.
Mr. John Mclnnis, a local Socialist, who at one time represented one of the boundary constituencies in the legislature,
will not bo a candidate. He
gave this positive statement to
The Horald yesterday.
The refusal of the Railway ]
Commission to consider the application of the Natural Resources Security Company Limited, for assurances of certain
railway station privelogos on
tho Indian Reserve here, is pre-
cicely the outcome of the affair
that was generally anticipated.
In spite of the fact that his lino
scheme has come to naught Mr.
Hammond is trying to misrepresent it into the form of victory by banqueting his supporters on the Nechaco townsites.
Fort George Trading & Lumber Co, Limited   ;< (J^ Pfg-g. f j| jy AdVMCe \
■ ■I    IIIHIHMH    ****■ WW*** ...nma* ! i. ft
Frciir.it, emwii-nwl lo IteolMr
"Chilcotin" ut S<nia Ct_A will
I.,, carefully transported to the
point of destination,
Operators of Steamers on the Fraser, Nechaco and
Stuart Rivers  Manufacturers of Lumber
All Kinds of Rough and Dressed Lumber for Sale
" Bone Dry Lumber In the Yards "
Phone: One-One  Mouldings
South Fort George
chas. e. Mcelroy
Qenoral Muni.tfer
Sit nd.fur a folder
Steamboats! IA
Bend fur * folder
0 1' I': R A T 1 N G
Stages Autos
From Ashcroft to Fort (leorge, and all points in
the northern interior of British Columbia, carrying
the Royal Mail, passengers and fast freight.        |
The Palatial Steamer B.X. Awaits the Arrival of the Company's Stages
Freight consigned to steameitot Soda'1       Head Office! ASllCrOft, B.C.
creek will bu promptly forwarded. «-»-•• _mmt_^_m_^_^_^_^_m
fE take this opportunity to inform our many customers and the public generally that the low prices
which have prevailed in our store through the summer
months will be maintained throughout the winter.
E have been fortunate in receiving most of our heavy
goods before the close of navigation and having our
own teams will be able to bring our goods over the road
at the minimum cost.
We have
secured the
agency for
and have a
stock of
for the
Jnst Drop In and Let Us Show You.
Remember we pay special attention to
Front Street, QUESNEL, B. C.
Store, Office and Lumber Yard, South Fort George
Second SI.
"d Feed Stables
Rigs, Saddle and Pack Horses furnished on short notice.
Draying of all kinds and excavating done. Feed of all sorts
continually kept on hand.
Terms reasonable and satisfaction guaranteed.
farm lands     Real Estate  garden tracts
155 acres 6 miles above
¥Tni*t (m-t-thtV&t- on Nechaco River with C. T.
rwi1 WWI »*' P. survey throngh property.
Price $12.50 an acre l-3rb cash, calance 6,12 and 18 mos.
Settlers located on 160-acres of good Government land.
^M JWIIICIIIUCI    WC   \tity   niJCCltU  ULICIIUUII   W nn-nm     mm
\ john a. fraser 11 Kennedy, Blair & Co. Ltd. I
Fort George Hardware Co.
General Hardware and Sheet Metal Workers.
All kinds of tin and sheet Iron work done.
Camp stoves:
Hot air Furnaces,  etc.
Cor. Second and Hamilton Am., SOUTH FORT GEORGE, B. C.
We are fully equipped to meet the "rush" of 1912.
Those who will require outfits during the coming
season can procure anything desired at our store. We
sell the best goods at the lowest figures.   .."..      .."..
COMPANIR8  ACT,    and   In the
matter of Cooke, Peden and Company  Limited.
Cnote. Peden and Company Limited,
will, at the expiration nt one month
(rom the first publication hereof, apply to the registrar of Companies for
approval of   change    of name from
Cooke, Peden and Company Limited
to "The Northern Lumber Company
Dated this 1st. day of March, 1912.
tiuesnel, B. C.
■»».     nS!
pany Limited.   '    ,
In ti
Most modern up-to-date hotel in the interior of British
New four-storey building.   Accommodation for 120 guests
All outside rooms—large, well-lighted and ventilated.
Steam heated.
Weekly and monthly rates on application
Wire for rooms Wire for rooms
BUILDING on corner of Second
Street and Lasalle Avenue, suitable for small store:
Only $850
Real Estate.
South Fort George.
4 Close & Brown I general
South Fort George, B. C. MERCHANTS
E. L. KEPNER, Proprietor
Now is the Time to Order Your SPRING
CHIT     ^sk ^e ^'rst ^ea^ c'ressed man y°u meet—We are
»)U11M sole agents for;
High grade Tailors. Prkes
j The Art Tailoring Company. ZS_H
"Liquor Licence Act 1910"     I known as Campbell's store
(Section 19.) juute   at<  South    Port Georg.
NOTICE is hereby given that upon the lands described as Lc
on the First day of Murch next, Seven in Block numbered sever
application will be made to the in District Lot    numbered
Superintendent of Provincial
Police for the grant, o' a licence
for the sale of liquor by wholesale in and upon thc premises
Dated this 27th. day ol J««
uary 1912.
Applicant. INFORMATION, {ESSEffiSg
Settlers; Regarding Townsites; Conditions; Prices etc .'. .*.
COftAtCT  LOCATION Of    O.V.J*.   STATION   «t*OUN0t*
The plan   reproduced   above wm
prepared (or the Fort George Herald
by Messrs   Gore ft   McGregor, tbe
well known   provincial land survey-
ors. It shows   tbe location   of tbe
various   sub-divided   properties bere
today. The   various    Diltrict  Lota
that are subdivided bear tbe initials
or tbe names   of the firms offering
them for    sale.    The    South Fort
George   townsite, the   business and
residential centre of the district, is
situated on Lots 933   and $34. District Lots initialed "N. R. B. Co."
are owned, or being sold by tbe Natural   Resources    Security    Company
Limited,   of   Vancouver.   The Hud-
«ou   Bay   Company's   property and
Lots 831 and   032, generally known
as the "Bird Addition" are not aa
yet on tbe market.    The area subdivided, and sitber    owned or sold
on tbe profit   sharing;   plan by the
Natural    Resources   Security    Company Ltd., totals about 1800 acres.
This concern   haa   been responsible
tor   such   development    aa may be
found today on a small portion of
Lot 031, the smallest of their subdivisions. Their    townsites are located on a high jack-pine flat. The
Boil is gravelly, and, generally speak-
••■R, will not produce domestic vegetation. There are no wells on the
townsite, owing to IU height, aad
water   must be    brought from tbe
river. Tbe South Fort George town-
o'te is a very much smaller area. It
totals about ISO acres, and is situated on tbe lower benches of the
fraser River, which is navigated by
tbe largest   steamboats  throughout
the open season. Tbe Nechaco River
townsites are not regular porta of
call, as  owing to  tbe difficulty in
navigating tbe Nechaco river eicept
in high water the boats do not call
there unless paid to do so. Lots in
some sub-divisions of tbe Natural Resources Security   Company  Limited
have not increased in value to any
material degree during the paat three
years. Their initial sub-divisions
are as yet quite indeveloped. Bouth
Fort George is a good live town. It
has been largely built up and developed by the pioneer element, who
settled on the site as soon as it
was placed on the market. Tbe Late
John Houston, tbe veteran frontier
newspaperman, established bis paper
at South Fort George in its earliest
days. The town contains over two-
thirds ot the entire population ot all
the inhabited townsites. It has two
banks, tbe Bank ot British North
America and the Trader's Bank of
Canada, two sawmills, tin shop,
three large general stores, a large
theatre, a newspaper issued by the
pioneer publishers of ♦he Cariboo
district, a licenced hotel, pool hall,
bakers, confectioners, two churches,
drug store and restaurants. It is ihe
terminus of tbe British Columbia
Express Company's mail steamboats
and stage line. It is the headquarters
of the Fort George Trading and
Lumber Company's steamboat and
sawmilling operations, Tha headquarters of the Northern Lumber Co.
merchants and sawmill operators.
It Is close proximity to the Government buildings, and is situated in
such. manner that tbe main development of the Indian Reservation
will benefit' it more directly than
any other sites. Ths railways that
are to be built from tbe south must
of necessity follow the Fraser River
shoreline la order to secure a water
grade, and will form a junction with
the main line of tbe G. T. P. near
the eaat end of the Indian Reserve.
Acreage close to the Bouth Fort
Oeorge townsite is changing hands
every day (or large figures. The land
comprising the South Fort George
townsite, and all the Fraser River
properties is of excellent quality,
covered with a light growth of poplar with scattered firs.
The foregoing resume of the town-
sites here will give the reader sots*
idea of tbe respective merits of both
townsites. Tbe Fort George Herald
baa no affiliations witb either of the
exploiting companies whose Inter-
eets appear* to be opposed. Those
who have invested in South Fort
George property, not too far back
from tbe river, may rest assured
that they have excellent value tor
the money they have invested, owing
to the rapid growth ot development
created by Independent initatlve. If
they desire to sell they should list
their" properties witb one of tbe
local realty operators, who are constantly recording handsome profits
for invsstors. Lots In. tbe townsites
of the Natural Resources /Security
Company depend for their value on
tbelr proximity to that portion of
their property along tbe waterfront
at whicb they are trying to centralise their development. At tbat point
tbe townsite company is putting up
a number of buildings, and are trying
in every way to start a trend of
development, having their business
centre for its radiating point. This
will hardly be accomplished ,to any
satisfactory degree for the large
majority on their sites, for a long
time to come. We advise no one to
purchase on the strength ot their advertised statements. Intending investor in any sub-divisions here
should bear in mind that tbe Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway Company's
townsite will add about ons thousand acres more townsite property
to the combined area ottered for
habitation. The market has been
dangerously flooded already, and
bearing this in mind the careful investor will not venture his funds in
any townsite tbat can not actually
claim the active and independent
development that signifies the approval oi tbe people on the ground.
Unless they can invest in a townsite
tbat is being developed and increased in value by independent enterprise, they bad better await tbe
sale of the    G. T. P. property or
buy in or near tbe business centre
of the district.
Intending settlers can obtain 160
acres ot land by pre-emption. There
are large tracts of land open for
alienation by pre-emption only, in
tbis district. The land is capable ot
raising good crops of garden produce, hay, oats, and practically anything but fruit, which haa not so far
proved a success up here, should
maintain tbat thia district should
not be regarded as a fruit growing
country until that branch ot culture
has been properly tested. Tbis is
naturally a mixed farming country.
Wild berries, however, are found
throughout the whole northern interior country, as far north aa the
Peace River Plateaux. Wagon roads
are being built into the surrounding
country, and progress will be made
on such public works, as future circumstances demand. Tbe Fraser and
Necbaco Rivers aflord transportation
to tbelr tributary valleys, the Fraaer
particulary, being navigable tor 160
mileB south and 315 miles north ot
this point. We believe that the best
way to secure a good pre-emption
is by engaging the services of one
of the reliable locators, who make a
business of locating the aettler.
Some of these men have been in the
district for a long time, and can
save the land hunter time and cash
by his experience. Tbe Herald will
be pleased to advise ths settler regarding lands opeq tor pre-emption
and the best means ot obtaining
information thereof, on application.
Building materials are at hand in
large quantities. The local mills
have about three million feet ot
lumber in tbe yards, in preparation
for the spring. Lumber costs from
335 to $75 a thousand feet. People
intending building should consult
by letter some of the local contractors, who, we are informed, will
be pleased to furnish all Information.
Tbe fare into tbe country trom the
railway point, Ashcroft, fluctuates
with the seasons. During the summer
when navigation Is open on the
Fraser River, May 1st. to October
31st., the fare amounts to $45, and
tbe expenses en route about $10.
This is by automobile and steamboat. The winter fare, from November let. to March 81st. totals $62,
with expenses ot about $15. Travel
in the winter la by sleigh. The express rate in the summer is 12j cts.
per tb. The winter rate 20cts. The
summer Freight rate is 6cents, and
the winter rate Ucenta per tb.
The cost of living may be gaged
by the following scale of prices now
prevailing. This rate will be materially reduced when freight comes
down the Frassr River trom Tete
Juane Cache, via the O. T. P. steel
Irom Edmonton. This should transpire next summsr: Flour 11 cts tb.
Sugar 14 cts. tb. Ham 35 cts. It*.
Bacon 40 cts. tb. Beans 15 cts lb.
Rice 15 cts. lb. Dried fruits 25 cts lb.
Overalls sell tor $1.25 a pair. Meat
18 cts. tb. Meals in the hotels, however, cost but 50 cents each.
The banking Interest charged here
is ten per cent.
Employment in tbe paat has been
limited to survsy work, building
trades, (carpenters), loggera, steamboat crews, packers, canoe men,
land and timber cruisers, laborers
on government road work, and such
work as hu been done towards tbe
development ot townsite properties.
Farm laborers are not In demand as
yet. There is no railway work here
up to the present, but during tbe
next season and thereafter laborers
may reach the grade trom this place,
that is, after next June or July.
Wages range from $4 to $7 a day,
according to the class of labor.
Prospectors will find practically a
virgin field for their explorations.
Tbe whole district has every indication of being highly mineralised. Thriii-i. lnrninir southwardIally evolved into n fair wagon|ueorge-JYiiKi imvw »»»••« ■•■••-
Je the Wa^tf. toU. Open and close'to this road tnink road to coinplefo. T e
llflv of tho Mud aid across Swunnel last year ran the survey,is every prospect that the trirju
i.nn.it toWard ts a 'for the Quesnello-Fort George- tary road nlreadybu.lt by the Mud
15"he first^rXad sur* iStoneyCi'eek extension of the old; Hiver settlers up the valley Wil
penetrate the fastnesses of Cariboo trail, and upon this sur-1 soon be extended to join the old
1   British   Columbia.   The|vey the government road gang is telegraph trail.
line was the proposed route .now  rapidly    pushing    llie Fort; 	
first railroad in Canada to \ __%  —.——' ""-*■
he Pacific Coast-—the Canfl- \fr
they b
tile va
a low
vey to
of tlu
reach t
d.ian Pacific Railroad.
Passing over the route followed j
by Ihis survey the writer, in tho
summer of 1910, came again and
agiiin upon broad straight  paths
stretching away, away mile after,
mile owr the Hats and low benches
of Il.e Mud—the half obliterated■■
and  almost completely   forgotten;
survey line of the C. P. R. engineers.   Mile after mile we passed
over the level open meadows and j
through the willow thickets of the
river bottom,    now    fording the
rapid little stream that gives its
name to the valley, now crossing:
the low fire killed benches that
push out here and there upon the
Hats.   And always the same open
stretches of silty river bottom and
the same recurring trail of thc C.
P. R. engineer.
The fact that this line was chosen more than thirty-five years age
out of all the available routes by
the C. P. ft. surveyors speaks more
forcefully for the character of the
.Mud River country than any
words of mine—for it is seldom,
especially in British Columbia,
that the smaller streams give sufficiently low grades or easy construction to justify Ihe engineer in
leaving the main drainage of the
country with his survey. For the
greater part of its length of more
than sixty miles the Mud River
valley maintains the features
which characterize the lower ten
miles of its course. The bottom
lands constituting the valley proper vary from one-quarter of a mile
to a mile in width and consist for
the most part of stretches of open
meadow covered with the rankest
imaginable growth of ferns, sugar
cane, grass, pea vine, vetch aud
wild hay. These open meadows
vary from one to ten acres in extent and are intersected by
growths of willow thicket easily
cleared by fire.
Everywhere these meadows give
evidence of the richest fertility.
In the latter part of June we
passed through meadow after
meadow, where the wild hay stood
waist high. Wild rhubarb grew
higher than our heads, and we saw
many dead stalks of this plant
more than eight feet tall. Growth
of every sort was so dense- that it
seriously impeded our progress.
We secured photographs of wild
hay shoulder high and ferns even
higher, showing a growth of almost tropical luxuriance.
Bordering upon tbe bottom
lands were broad stretches of low
bench land rising more or less
abruptly from twenty-five to 100
feet about the river. These
benches have been fire killed for
the most part. Originally fir and
spruce they are now covered in
large measure with a light growth
of willow, poplar, spruce and fir.
Here and there is considerable
deadfall, but on much id' the land
this is missing altogether. Most
of the land, too, has a good growth
of wild pea vine, vetches and vari-
' us grasses and already in its unimproved state would offer excel-
lent pasturage for horses and eat
Through it all flows Mud River,
a deep, clear stream, averaging
seventy-five feet in width and
from two to three feet in depth.
An excellent stream for logging
and affording an ample water supply for the many settlers and their
stock the valley is destined to
Altogether it is a valley that
will necessarily prove increasingly
attractive to settlers. There are
now fifteen pre-emptors located in
the lower valley, some of whom
located there when the whole
country , from the Yellowhead to
the coast, was still open for preemption. Their knowledge of this
vast and varied region was unexcelled, as they were veterans of
Ihe Orand Trunk preliminary and
location surveys. The Mud was
their choice of location, a choice
that as time has passed has become
increasingly pleasing to them.
Their first blazed trail to the old
Hudson's Bay pnst at Fort Oeorge
has by their own exertions gradu-
Roberts, Jones & Willson
KDWAKD ROBERTS NoUrj Public.     E. E. JONES.      A. J. SEIWYN-MLISON, Auditor.
FOR SALE: Farm Lands. Garden Trads. Timber Limits. Mineral Claims. Valuable town lots.
Offices: Hamilton Avenue, South Fort George: Central Avenue, Fort George, B. C.
and General Wood Work
Fort George
Prescriptions a
large shipment just received
Toilet articals. Patent Medicine*,
Miiirazini'n.l.ookx. Stationery,
Toilet Articles, DrUKf-ists' Sundries
Satisfaction guar-
Repairing   ^
Send articles by mail to Fort George, B.C.
Intending Building?
Land Timber Cruiser
Pre-emptions Located.
Estimates Submitted.
Fort George, B.C. Victoria, B.C.
F. P. Burden, Mgr. F. C. Green. Mgr.
Nelson, B.C., A. H. Green, Mgr.
Green Bros., Burden & Co.
foil Eafiaeeri, Dunnes t B. C. Land Snrveyoti
Survey! ot Lands, Mines, Townsites, Timber
Limits, Etc.
Do you
ji contemplate
\\ i\m *i _*__
1   -
Then in-
j] building?;* ►)
fl   manshin and pet ov
_       our workmanship and get our estimate.
A   Danfokth & McInkis
Contractors & Builders.
Hamilton and First.
NOW is the time to build,
whilst seasoned lumber is
obtainable. Labor conditions
are now in your favor. We
contract to design and construct your building, guaranteeing satisfaction: Call
or write us.
Bronger & Flynn
Builders and Contractors
Fourth St., Soutii Fort George
I am prepared to
Locate Pre-emptors
Good Government Land.
N. C. Jorgensen.
P. 0. Bot 21. Suulh Foil Gcarie, B. C,
Smokers' supplies
a specialty
Four pool tables
Splendid environments
Abvertise in The Herald.
gore & McGregor,
Victoria and
Fort George. B. C.
is equipped with the most complete
Job-prmting plant in New British
Columbia, including typesetting
machinery and presses capable of
printing any job irom a visiting card
to a 2-foot by 3 poster sheet.
We don't ask you to purchase South Fort George lots by
making a pencil mark on a townsite plan—You would
be safe in so doing, but if skeptical
^==_    investigate Our Proposition
and you will find a good live town   -Two banks, saw mill,
pool hall, newspaper, two general stores, splendid
hotel, bakery, stationery store, mail-boat
landing, scores of buildings,
and crowds of satisfied  buyers
172 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B C , or the resident agent,
g. e. Mclaughlin
Fourth Avenue, South Fort«George
[ 1836 |      As-stb Exceed Fifty Millioo Dollars      | 1918 |
Bank of British North America
Your money is safer in the Bank tban in your house or In your
pocket. It is not tied up. You can get it out at any time without delay. NOTES discounted. Local and Foreign Drafts bought
and sold. COLLECTIONS made promptly.   Money Orders issued.
Fort Geoge Branch,        L. G. MacHaffie, Mgr.
Head Oflice:
Paying Out-of-Town Accounts
Small amounts can be sent safely and at small cost by using
Bank Money Orders. Any bank in Canada (Yukon excepted)
will cash them without charge, and they can be cashed in leading American cities.  They are sold at the following rates:-
16 and under
OvHrW) to*30
3 cent*
10 cents
Over If, to 110
Over IM to IN)
6 cent!
-    16 cenu
Capital and Sur»lu M.MO.tM*
H. C. SEAMAN, Manager.
Head Oflice:
R P. MctEKNAN Esq., President,
McLennan, McFVely & Cu. Wholesale Hardware,   Vancouver,  B.  C.
1. W. SHATF0RD Esq., M. I,. A.
Vice-Pres. Merchant, Hedley, B. C,
tennnt-Uovernor British Columbia.
M.  B.   (JAItUN.
Capitalist, Victoria, B.C.
A. ISTEI, Esq.
C. S.  DOUGI,AS Esq.
Robert Kennedy, New Westminster.
J. A. MITCHELL, Esq.. Capitalist.
Victoria, B. C
E. H. HEAPS, Esq., E. H. Heaps *
Co., Lumber and Timber; President
Columbia Trust Co.. Ltd., Vanoouver, B. 0.
J. A. HARVEY. Esq.. K.C., formerly
ol Cranbrook. B.C., Vancouver, B.C.
A. L. DEWAR. General Manager.
Fort George Branch; F. N. DEWAR, Manager.
Fort George
Nechaco Valley
Bulkley Valley
Skeena Valley
In every case our
lands were carefully inspected by
expert cruisersbe-
fore we purchased
THE GRAND TRUNK PACIFIC RAILWAY will make all these districts
accessible to all the world. Every rail laid adbs
to the value of the land
North Coast Land Co. Ltd.
General Offices! 619 to 024 Metropolitan Bids., Vancouver, B.C
London Office t   6 Old Jewry.
CASRIAU LAND DISTHICT. , the north shore and marked "H. P., 8. E
Of the Peace River- Lund Dislrict.        I corner"    thence uorth     80 chuins;   tueo**
TAKE notice that Heiirier Prepontaine,   west  80 chains;     thenct south  35  chain'
of Vancouver, B. C, nccupation gentleman   more or les* to the  luke; thence easterly
intends to apply for permission  to purch- j along the shore to point of commencement
ase the following described lunds: 1 containing- ilo acres more or less.
Dtc •}•
Commencing at a post planted  II  miles'j
west  of the east end of Clioo chi   lake ou
September Ijfthi,  1911.


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