BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Fernie Ledger Apr 27, 1907

Item Metadata


JSON: fernieled-1.0182360.json
JSON-LD: fernieled-1.0182360-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): fernieled-1.0182360-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: fernieled-1.0182360-rdf.json
Turtle: fernieled-1.0182360-turtle.txt
N-Triples: fernieled-1.0182360-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: fernieled-1.0182360-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array ,y-.
syfiyk* 'Ass^\
f"7 /• ~>
» C. 7, •
Vol' II,    Number 37 „
FERNIE, B.C., SATb^DAV,. APRIL  27,  1907
The Calgary  HeraSd  Correspondent at
Regina Receives His in Bunches
'■:  and He Dascrvcs it.
As si sample, oi roal yo.llow journal-
.: ism, •.vt-'cfiiiiini'tul the latest effort ot
tiio Ciliary lh-rald iu that direction."
"  WfilTt'r iioooiunirnt further than 10
.publish.'ai.iiig with-it, a statement
haiuli-dusby W. Ij.Muekcnzie' King.
with a r» .quest that w« publish it,
:  Tin* ilcpuiA iiiiiiis-to'r.f labor is In ,
iiligiiau'i. tlnii 'i"V j.ui'rnarshonld at.
;";8»u*li aVnnu iniiko'such stale incuts.  ,
Mr. Kii.g wps' ugorously emphatic
;iu i is dt-iiui-ciaiiniis, •"■'iii.is.<*celifi* tu j '"
" lit-:it-it- tin*" w'iili-Bf^iibiicity is f-ivt-i.
" -.ti hU i:-i';i:aii:'ii oi such. :i  II ignint.
i-iin'N-n'i!i,ii*s<,ittai.ioi>.       '   ° .        •    ,
7[n";h;&c:.niit*i-iion Mu-.-Kiug paid a
Hugh' c mplh'ient 1.1 tin*.' workmen <•('
stills ilis-.i'icr.and^sMidth^. the suggestion of Mi- use ol anus was an in-
■ isult to these'iiitijlligftnt men.-
Tbe't riginutor of the Herald scate--
■' uncut must luivu bc-eii reading, those
■ iti'li-pr:unsl."oin sdim*"ci;azv'F**rnin in-
..dividual asking lorni'iliM" and muni"
'ition of war. ,'"        ,
eral  thousand' pounds     of regulation
Public' sentiment ' throughout .;■, the
province is behind the Federal government in-any extreme steps it may
be forced to take. "It"is.fully realised
that anything in the nature of a general transportation tie-up would work
incalculable disaster .to every" industry in the country, and might check
development -of every- kind for ' a
couple of years.—Calgary Herald., ,
.' .Regina, Sask.; .\piil as.-As-statw
:l)y the Herald1 correspondent a week.
,-agoi ^tlie , Federal government" is prepared'to resort  to the most' desper-
' site"-measures ia order to prevent national disaster which wc/uld result froin
■   thV complete suspension    of    railway
operations'in the west should the coal j0f this kind,  which' are ,calculated to;
Wnera*    strike   become effective   and iarouse a very just. resentment-"'in   the
.'prolonged.-v     '"',..'" p i miiicl of any_• self-respect'ing- working*-"'
Evidence of the correctness of -this jman. .-'J'he'inspirers   of   despatches of
slew, is furnished ".today by  the     de-, | tliis  kind  are  thi*  men yvho are-'more
' parturo  from     Regina  of    Inspector j responsible  for  revolutionary •' unrest
T have read the despatch.in the Calgary Daily Herald of April .25, -.from
Ucgina, Sask., in' which it is .said
that, as stated by, tbe; Herald '.correspondent a week ago, the ^ Federal
govtrnment is preparing to resort to
the most desperate" measures . in order
to prevent national disaster,' and
that „to this end the. government is
preparing to meet the" situation by
sending mounted pplice," rifles ' and
ammunition into the mining districts.
-I wish, on behalf-of the. government, to deny in the moat empahtic
manner that the government' has any
intention of attempting ■ to- deal with
the industrial situation in this part
of the country in the .manner de-"
scribed in this article, I' can-' - con-"
ceive of no more unpatriotic act' 011
the part' of anyone than to seek Ho
foment  troubl?" by making statements
• Grant, (li, N. W.'-M.  P.
•and     ten -than any class of- persons ,   in  'this
'.-,men   for. Macleod.   Unusual' -activity .community.     In the_   name . of     the,
,/exists in the R.'N. W. JI. P, .division 'workers of British Columbia and Al-'
] here.'Commissioner ,1'efry    has  been   i.erta, I desire to enles. a "strong pror
—- personaiiy—HtlpeiVlauig—uie^-rUvpn,..-....* ^—-icaw- ti^cm*si—in*.—vu^oi.iii.»*ai.*M.»—ui-^..i -
jof the detachment, and it-   may     1>c _ sidioiis; uttwances of this   kind,    and
:said with,authority .that all  the'mcn-'as an officer of the government,.'   to
(available here are ready to be moved .'.'again _i emphatically deny any    inten-
ito the front at a moment's notice.     i„tion   on- the. government's.   part   ' of
One  hundred   rifles   were    expressed j being  a-party  tb  any ' such-methods
' Hrom here today to Macleod with'sev- lot  procedure.        _ , '      '''.']
question, thoroughly investigated . to
determine. whether they are right or
wrong in their - contentions. The
union knows that there are some men
working in the mines who are earning high wages, in a few instances as
high as $6"or even S/.fper.day. These
are what are known as contract miners, who receive- from the company
so much per ton for all the coal they
mine, but they employ from "three to
six "men under them. These' laborers,
as tney are called, receive from S2.25
to' S2.50, and in a few instances,
S2.75. the contract miner -in. these
caaesearn from 50c to Si per day
from the labor of each of these three
or half a do/eu men employed ' by
him. The. wages of these men - are,
used by the operators lo make' . the
public believe that ,the miners are
earning very' high wages. The union
want.to abolish this contract system
and let each man have' an equal
share of the earnings when mining
coal, ,but ■ the operators arc opposed
lo its abolition.   ,"
Asked if he favored tlie sliding0
scale of wages, .. Jlr. Lewis said he
had no objections to it, provided
there is a minimum wage, which, in'
his judgment, .should be not less than
$3' per day. if there is no _such limitation .the selling price of coal may
1:« manipulated so the men .will al-
ways lie at a disadvantage without
the the coal consuming, public benefiting; Even the operating com pan.
ies could fix the price.of coal at the
mine at' so much per ton', and sell
the coal to agents, who would be
themselves under another .name.
Those agents would fix • the price to
the public to suit the wishes of tlie
operators, as they would be ..control-
lod by them, aud il-would be the operators 7vho would receive the profits'.
Mr.Lewis said, in conclusion, that he
saw ,110 "reason" why the ,abor trembles should not be settled this week.;
, — o—	
'*4„     -'/ COAL CREEK.   ■   -
The ""-hoys at the Creek arc having
a very good;' time on the holidays.
Between practicing at football and
■playing, '(pipits, .the days .pass,, by .in-
very good-. style. A quoit match of
41 points up was played last Monday "for_J"3o" between 'Edward * Coatjs
' *AG.AJNST/,:'
It was learned late" last night that
the Michel men had;decided not to"
return to work"', aud this may turn
the trend of events 'in the opposite
direction. If the men in other camps
refuse to return to.' work, the' situation will again be serious. .
■   -■' Or :	
Concert a Success
The entertainment given under the
auspicts of the K, Y, lodge.last Monday night in aid of-a fund for the
benefit of little Florence Beaver, who
met with such a distressing accident
in the M. P. & M., railway yards two
weeks ago, drew'V packed house, and
in every way was a most gratifying
success.   "
There must have been over 400 people in. the hall, and everybody was
wearing a gladsm.le.    '
The long programme arranged by
those in charge, was a good one and
well, rendered.'
Mr. Pedlar was a" most acceptable
chairman, and kept everything going
without any  unnecessary hitches."
.Several vocal solos were rendered,
among which The Ledger wishes to
especially mention one by Miss Elizabeth Rudniskij'wh'o .made her .first
appearance before - a Fernie audience:
She' sang, in a rich, mellow voice,
','The   Whispered    Vow,"     which
result of their, efforts the public have
had a much more comprehensive and
unbiased report of the proceedings
than waa the case during the strike
last fall.
Mr. Sainsbury, of the Winnipeg
Free Press, though still a kid, lias
had wide" experience, in the reportori-'
al line. He was iu Natal. South
Africa, during th-s Boer war, ■ and is
ipiick and wide awake.
,: Mr. De Graves, of the. Albertan, is
another young man of travelled experience, which extends from Australia, China and Japan, to Fernie.
lie is an industrious worker, ih love'
with his calling,., and is, sure to climb
up. - ,       ■
.1. Voting Byers makes up for his
lack of South African anh Australian
experiences by'being the possessor of
a life's experience of wild, and wooly
western winsomness, "which winds tlu-
information out of a victim' like
winding yarns off a little ball nf
yarn. '
We will miss the hoys when they
go fiway.  ,
 O ;—
[Legislature Has
Short Session
- "fhs iaal session of the legislative
•assembly, which was held Thursday
jtUernoon, was a short one.
Mr. -.Speaker ruled the point of order, on *he iLand-act taken- by. Oliver,
not well, taken. This was that the
amendment introduced by Mackay to
release the Crown's ipiartcr interest
in lands sold at.Hastings townsitc
and Point Grey, was beyond the
scope"- of   the act as brought "'diw.-i
■ The hill .therefore-passed third .read-
• ing nnd   prorogation quickly follow-
Lieutenant-governor Dunsniuir gave
1 assent-to all the hills passed, except
-, that regulating immigration into the
• province,  which  is a close copy    of
■ tho Natnl act,   To  this he reserved
• ■ absent, Xo reasons are assigned, hut
i it   is noteworthy  that in  1898,   the
• sauio course was followed hy Hon.
j Edgar l'cwdnoy when lieutcnanl-gov-
1 eruor, on a similar bill.
-.The amendment     to  tho Municipal
♦.'Clauses act proposed by Dr. Hall, the
: member for Nelson,  which would  ex.
, elude. money borrowed     for     school
, purposes from  tne general borrowing
.« ; power of a municipal council,     was
: merged in a general  amendment    to
r tho Muu'cipnl  Clnuscs  act.   In    thin
-slmpi-. It   passed the legislature    ami
1 cities wlll     he    enabled    to Ixirrow
vinonty for school purposes over   and
;above the    limitations" for general
,'i'ho attoriiey-generiil remarked in
tlhu house Unit alter giving the c.-m-.s-
tlon of -the Lord's Day act enforcement serious consideration and conferring with his eollcagties, he hud
decided that he would not give ns-
sunt lo nny prosecutions under the
. ..-.. —. o    -
Tho amcndin?iit  to the Workmen's
what our friend is talking about, wc
quote what the Free Press says, as
"Funny what an antipathy some
newspapers' have to anything with
union in connection; We are informed this week of a paper in this district which refused to advertise a
union burlier shop."—Fernie ledger.
With reference to the above item a
Free Press representative interviewed
Mr, Gilbert, of the King's hotel barber shop and obtained the following
V.rtltniciit: ■     >
"The refusal of the Free Press to
publish my advertisement had nothing to do with unions or unionism.
I did not- tell anyone that such was
the case."1'
Mr. Marshall, manager of the
I/edgur, said: "Mr. Gilbert's statement js, so far as I am concerned,
absolutely correct, I wrote that local myself.'T   ,      " '
We feel    almost     as much cut up
over this as the "Free" Press   docs
over the street sales   of   its last issue—but not quite.   Our worthy contemporary quotes Mr.    Glll>crt as If
he,had signed a declaration   In their
favor,' The public must   understand—
and   the mayor was    iu   the  chair-
that. Mr. Gilbert refused to,sign any
document for a child-labor sheet. The
manager of The Ledger, who is quoted by our very "unfnir',c6mpetltor—
fur all but union work (we gat nil the
union    wetrkv-dnvi'tod   the  gcwtleaiun
who   Interviewed    him   on liolialf of
"the iion-iinioii hritne"  to be seated
nnd talk matters over, hut the aforesaid gent thought better of  it    and
threw himself into print on  his   return to tlte "home,''   We   hold    i:n
animosity to tlie poor, benighted coii-
lempixnry, and would,  oh so humbly, ask them     to please, oh please,
publish the reason why "the paper in
the district" did ' not publish     the
reason for not running that nd,,
To quote the words of the "free"
press,     we    might    add    '"See  the
and "\ViTlianOk~damson, ""xYdams"
ning by 2-points., the-scores reading
Adamaon 4V.Coatcs '31^ The ' men
were-well' directed by J; Murray lor
Adamson .and T. -Raymor. for. Coac*.s
W. Thompson was referee, and gave
satisfaction' to 'both men.
Another - good game "of quoits .*.OJk
place on Friday, April 26, between
W. Adamson and A. Page. Adamson
conceded Page'5'points start in a
game of 61 pointy up for' $50.' The
rtading at" the closi was-A. Page* 6r,
W, Adamson <|o. The direct-i:s "were
D. Grieve for .Page, and'Rd. CoUes
for Adamson. There were about ^('
spectators, and they were deY.;hu\l
with the game.
-There seems to bo quite a' lot    of
money  in the  Creek at present,     an
quite a lot changed hands,
 .—0 ,
\,uUi^iii-iliijii   .t%.l    iuiit.li   .'i».      .1.   A. j • "*"•    '•"-    '"W   pC.l.t   1J    ..O
Machoti'ild '.on^ul In lmve made, wan
. defeated oil lhc following vole:
YMB-.!C'flg_, Oliver, Munrn, Williams,
Nadcn, Macdonald, Jnrdlnc, Haw,
■ thtonthwaitc, Ivurfin, TToiiderHrwi,
. tticftSUf,  liicl'aiu'te.
Nuys-Tutlow, Thomson, Mncgownn,
Ifaywiani, Fulton, Hunter, Goi(nt,
; Mucvfty, Wilson, Cotton, Ilchuseti,
, Parson, Hawser, young, Malison,
; Dnvey,    Taylor,    Garden,   Kehoiield,
, Ross.
,Worlun<iii should   make a   note   ot
•, the names.
Under the heading of "Very Funny,
'8tr. tlie Point," the. Free Press quotes
an Item from The Ledger and coin-
meats thereon. It Is not ncewnry to
quote tho Item from The Ledger, ns
•vsrybody reads Tbe Ledger. However, 10 give the public «a   idea    of
have the union ln!*l on your   print
ing.   The  Ledger  Is the only    newspaper In the district that can give it
to you.
Clipped Irom nn interview w.ll>
Thus, Lewis at Medicine Hat with n
Manitoba Free Press representative:
The reasons the men l>elievc they
are entitled to nn Increnso nf wage**
ii th.it they have figure** to show
thit. one of the largest companies
earned, during the past year, on its
output, a profit of 50c per ton after
paying all rx'vtnscK. Tlhowe who are
conversant with the coal bunlnesH can
judge whether or not this is a large
profit. Ah long as the operators are
ns'i'ing the price lor coal tlwt they
are, a share of these large profits
belongs to the miners, and the mln-
cnt art    williaf to fcavs   Uss eatir* gtr,
The council meeting Thursday night
was void of interest except lo Council and ' Ross, the contractors who
are building the new annex to the
lire hall.       ' .
There were present his worship tlio
Mayor, and Aldermen Quail, Mclntyre,  Tuttle and Gates,
Tho'minutes of previous meetings
were read and approved, and a motion passed grunting Council and
Ross' request for a piiynieut of $150
on account.
On account of this account being
passed, the council tool; no more account,, of city allnirs that night, and
the account 'f llm proceedings were
brought to a close by a motion to'
.idjoiiru lo May 2.
Constable Snmi'Soii w.is made acting chief of police for 11 few dnys last
week, but rumor has it that Samp-
sou was Ion .strung for the placi_> and
lie is again a provincial n.nslnble.
There are a few people ill xlilti country who are foo||*-h enough to under-
take to do tlu-ir sworn duly, and It
seems th.it all' such people are short
ilivwl when they Mrll.u this neighborhood, aud get slain with the jnw-
l.oiic of an nss,
notich to simsauni-'i'H.
Wur canvassers have met with many
ctiin. hints of sub'cril.crs not rccclv-
;::• their I/d-.tri- ve_'<''■•■*■• wV hive
lookod into the matter, nml trust
that It will nnt occur again. If Mich
'Itould be tho case, however, and
you fail to gel your pnpui'i "ill,
v.ritc or telephone this "11 ice and wc
>;l"il1  '"(> _>1ci«nd  to  tvrtifv   'he    mnt-
ler at once.
'■Mr William Mulock, th.- third niciu-
ti r of the board of conciliation 'and
instigation chosen by tin- government, and who will act as chairman
' I the board, is said, to be ou his
way here from Toronto, Upon his
arris al the board will Xk organised
nnd will consist of L. P. tvekstciit on
' c'i.iK of ihe mint's,, iiml II, h.
Pnr'rer fur tlm oicmtors. Whrther
Uie iuviitlgation will goon wilh the
nun idle or not is not certain.
W=ll  trade furniture nt  dishes-   ■"■•r
good liir;i«i trunl..   Apply   "J"   IM-
pleased  the audience  that she had to'
return and favored them with -'Would
You   Care.'-'   Miss   Rudniski     accompanied  her  sister, and   that    number.,
was   Certainly one ' of   the. hits ' of the
o 1^
■Keith   ■ Whimstens,,   violin   .solo,"
"Tantaisia' les Puritanes,"  with Miss
Fre/.ell's' accompaniment,   was  another  splendid  number  most   thoroughly
appreciated.   ',;-■..,
The recitation by Miss Ruttan was
an artistic.little bit of" elocution and
the dancing of the Highland Fling
and sword dance by. Miss Dolly Bur-
had to" repeat them. 7
The heavyweight number on the
programme, the 'oke-telliag contest,
:n which Rev. H. R. Grant, I. L-
Fisher,' Mr.., Rudniski, W. J., , BluV
dell;"'w! W. Tuttle;' Fred Stork, and
D. V. Mott-engagou..' in an unequal
contest for 'a medal,., caused '.much'
mcrrimenif Many good stories were
told, but it was a- handicap race, the
result of which was a foregone con-
clusionV Lawyers, morchanIs, bankers,' city "alderman,'or even the Night
Cap story teller had never a chance
at a look in .on that locket with that
tell-tale inscription carved upon it.
A most respectful regard for the reputations of ministers of the gospel
forbids the Kid "naming names."
Suffice it to say, that if the winner
of .that' prize should ever happen to
get mutilated and killed in a railroad accident with that locket in his
pocket,, there will be some shocking
reve.ations brought out by the coroner's jury in its efforts at 'identification. '
Tho jury was "packed," and when
those two aldermen,' the lawyer,
baaker, merchant and the Kid saw
the combination they wcro up against
all hope of winning that piece of
jcwelcry hopped hopelessly - out of
their hearts and they told their little
talis merely as a labor of love, but
you won't get them into such1 n
marked card game again. It was all
for a good cause, however, and the
good natured crowd listened to and
laughed at all the jokes because they
were  expected to do so,
The  chairman announced   that
receipts were 5335. which, with
other collections, notably    that
0. N. Ross,   will   swell
A careful analysis of the Industrial
Disputes Investigation act convinces
us that it is \ an instrument which.,
properly applied, will prove most effective in preventing, or, at least,
settling industrial disputes. If all
th-' other features of the act were
bad, which they are not, that one
whiclif furnishes the disputants with
a probe ' to gel. at the innermost
dealings of the opposing party, more
than atdtses for the shortcomings of
the., measure.
The'new act is being put lo tlie
so j test,  and we shall see how     far.   tbe
claims made for.it by Mr.'-Mackenzie King are justified. But for tbe
actions of the operators inatteni'pt-
inir, as they seemtd to do, to thwart
the efforts of the mine workers to
come-under-.the new law, "and' but
for these, incendiary notices ' which'
they promulgated; riot a mine would;
ha\e' stopped working. While now
the new' act is being tested, we shall'
refrain* from all criticism-and-simply
say that we trust the' enactment- "-of
this law will be found amply vindicated by the results. . '
—: o    „
At big  Meeting-  on Thursday Gushing?
promises S-Hour Law and Endorsed
by»Rutherford—Lewis  all there.
Gets Busy
Lost Monday the members of the
Western Coal. Operators' association
began to arrive in the city, ..and by^
the last train Irom the west, bringing W. II. Aldrjdge, they were all in
the city, and a closed meeting, was
Hon. W. H. Cushing,.of Calgary,
minister of public works-in the Alberta government'' had arrived Hun-'
day morning, and delegates from various boards of trade came in to "look
on"   from a safe distance.
Tie members of'the'district board
oi districtoiS were on hand, and had
to assist them Vice-President T. L-
Lewii^of the U. M. W. of A., who
came to lend his aid to the labor
side of the contest. It is .not the iu-
.tentiou of the. Ledger to occupy
space in any guess, work- as to what
occurred at the various confermicie^
which took place between, the mine
workers - and operators ' behind closed
doors. Many_ meetings were held dur-
in;„th: time between the first nf these
meetings i.n Tuesday and the last one
on Thursday morning,- when . the operators" walked, out of the hall without waiting for an adjournment after
it was made unniist'ik'ably plain that
no agreement between the parties
could   be .accomplished. '
The 'miners, ■ through President Lancaster, of the local union, iiuinedi-.i
atelv arranged for a'mass meeting to
be held in" Stork's "Tiall' at '4 p.m.',
and posters announcing this fact were
011 the-streets at I p.m. These posters also made the announcement that
a closed meeting of the ..miners would
be "held-in-the same hall at 7.30 p.
m.   At  1:30 ilon.'Mr.  Cushing     had
an_audience._witli_thc7districl board.
$.18 by
total sum to 53oo.
That such a buiii was so easily
raised at such a tintc nB the present
speaks volumes for lhe humanity thnt
is In Fernie.
Aside from the sum so generously
contributed fo<" this most unfortunate
family, such a meeting and mingling
of the people of,, lhc community
bringB closer together nil Fernie by
that tender "touch ol nature which
mules all the world akin."
Many people ure entitled tn special
thunl-s for the aid rendered, among
wh'.m ihe ih..lu....ii >»..<■'» "l^t•,,
Jin-Jit;'n i.f Alderman .1. !«• G«tf'«,
who took a special Interest in the
project from the start and at the
finish was so modest he couldn't tell
a lie.
.1 t';c S.n3: «'i'l
i;..0-„'i '.l t.::s f.'3i »'■■' ""• rlnenl
ill trust in the bank to purchase an
artificial limb for the crippled girl,
nnd tbe remainder will 1* handed lo
tho Ladies' Benevolent society to Ixj
expended by them as mny seem l*st
for the needs of the unfortunate fam-
ily. " ,      "*
- - »—o • '■
mK nusy (Juill rusHS***'
The representatives of the press
who have l**m reporting the procn-d-
ittjrs of tli* conference and Interviewing e\erybody who looked like he
was currying enncentrri information,
holt bad a busy week ol It.
The/ xit* 0 good lot of Iwys, who
•an their priMnty taiariw, and as a
■ Honorable W. II.- Cushing, sent 'he
following message by wire to Premier
Rutherford at-'- Edmonton Thursd iy
afternoon:       •-'- _,.,;7' ' 7    "'
Hon. A. C. Rutherford, Premier" of
Alberta government;- -     '  '" '
Situation "serious here. In order to
expedite settlement have assured miners that an eight-hour bank to bank
law will be passed next session, ".in
you approve "
W.   H-   CUSHING:
The   following-reply   was   awasUii.i.
Mr, Cushing upon his return   to   Ips
hotel  after  the  meeting   in    .Stork's
W, H.  Cushing, Fernie;
Telegram received. I approve nf
your assurance to miners,
Fernie,  April  25,   J907,
Dear „ Sir:
We leg to inform you that wc here--■
by agree to rolnstatc to their respective places immediately, all cm -
ployccs who have suspended work
spice April, 1, and agree that work
shall be carried on under the prices,
wages and conditions of employment
thnt, were in existence in nnd nj-nund
the various mines previous to -April
11 P/07, and continue to work under
these conditions until nn lnveslH|;xi-
tion has been mndc by the bo»u'd ol'
concplittt'i'oii -_nwl invchl'^|iuiiioii appointed under the Industrial Disputes
Investigation act as to the merit:1 of
llie dispute between tlie several companies comprising the Western Conl
Operators' association aiul the employees of His said companies.
^Youis truly,
The Western  Conl Operators'  Association,
W, L. Mackenzie King, Esq.,
Deputy Minister of   Labor,
Fernie, 11, C.
A Port Hlakely dispatch of the •-VUd
says; "Shortly lie-fore midnight, ,1
liot-box set the planer of the Port
ninU'ly lumber miinulnctory,  the hi**.-
^C.sl   wlj        tut   kUiuSl,    ,.i,\\   mi.   ti,    w,.
blfiifflt In the world, in (ire Tv.i
litiiidred nun, with thweuly hose,
were hard nt work subduing tin*
flames nil morning. Three hundred
workmen on the night shift   fled   fm-
l]ir-'r J!, , 'I'i.f ('. '. ,. ., I,,. ' ,
fc*.'.-l     1.1.... ...I.     ...w     ...    ..-,..     .<
control. .The damage is estimated at
5;,SO,o<Ki. Pon Hlakely houws were
Tho Kernln cIjthp Htoro Iiub Imnjf tip
11 wi.Oi pi-i?i>nf $11) tn he nwAivlft'J t>
thn |M*r*H(;li who rutclics llu. \i\Tffoul
tmiH liptwioii Mnv 1 and July t nnx*.
IIi'iik-idImt, lUh II••*< don't uo. Y^u
will li.tvo to brltii,' your lUli lo tlm
t'lfiitr Hiorr itiitl have, it weighed,
("all nulif hVrnlt'clifni'HLnrn lor full
pnrtlctiLn-rt. uiul whiln Mium oxiiinlno
th<: lln** Hnft«I il«hlnit» tucldc for «alc
Tspkh* llu* tank lo Rtiil po flHliln-r for
thai l»ltr tlili, uml If yon (ffttlilm you
nlRo i:ot tlm $10, This will Im mliiir -
Ilny liumtu'ss with iiliusiiri1,' Oo mul
wulor yourself,
and Vice-President Lewis/ Mr
L. Macken/.it King had arrived, and
was a:.busy' man from the- lieginniiig,
The mass meeting was certainly a
mass. The .hall was packed to the
doors with . miners, with a good
sprinkling' of business men and a few
Indies.- President Lancaster,- oJ Gladstone union, was in the chair, and,
on the platform were seated Hon.
Mr.' Cushing, ' Mr. W. L. Mackenzie
King,' deputy minister of labor; Vice-
Presidcntn T. L. Lewis, of Pridgeport,
Ohio; President. F. II. Sherman, Secretary Biggs, Board Member dohn
Sullivan, of Michel, and' W. W.
Tuttle, president of the Fernie board
of trade.
The first speaker after the usual
preliminary remarks by the chairman
and Mr, Tuttle, was Minister of
Works Cushing of Alberta. Mr. Cushing makes no pretense at oratory,
but having been a workingman and
having hnd n long aud successful ex-
Iierieiice with working men, he wns
in the, confidence of that, large audience of miner workers before he had
been 011 his feet leu minutes.
He, gave them a plain, uiignrnished
tale of how it came about Hint the
cigiit-liour law, which the miners had
expected to have passed through lhe
Alberta legislature last winter failed
to l.ecwiue law, and gave them his
unqualified assurance that an elght-
liour bank to bank law would be put
on th.1 statute books of that province next  session,
This hir.1ighltorw.1rd M.tteimin
coining from such 11 mnn ns Mr.
Cushing, carried with it the weight
of convictioiu, nnd he was' most
heartily  applauded.
We do not" believe we are having
too much when we nS'U-rl that, thin
I'liifu tnll; ol Mr. Cushing did mm-
towards paving tin- way tn an ,u ■
icplalicu of the cf'iicilintioii investigation than did all tin: other t-ITnii*
mnd.- ill 1h.1l dliorlion, mid xn tin-
l;i.linrab|i' minister of public winks
fi.r Alliuit-i litiniigs great cicdit Im
the valuable assistance which he li,i'-
nnideii'-'l at 11 must critical juiH'tuiv,
Mackcii/ie King thm .iddrissed thi
meeting at some length, giving ,t
Inisty sl.etth ol lhe events leading up
tn UK introduction uf 1 lu- ci.iu'ilintinn
bill, und cn| bailed it:, objeits and
Uu did   thin  iu  a rapid,  but al the j
8 line time lucid manner, leaving    111
tlte    minds of his hearers a     pi city
(Itfll   i:oliUt'|il:i.U  nf  the  liu.iuiile,    anil
use oi  the incisure.
Mr Miiiken/ii' Kiuc is a vounjr man
cf iniirh iiiciit.tl capacity, -wliuli h.i-
fiC.lvisl a thorough ediu-.itioiial train
itig, liis comparative youth give:,
him a vigor whiih .sometimes li-.nl
him  to poetic (lights.
Ile dill not touch upon the     weak-
IliShis of  Uu: bill  as  le.'.ald.N itiinili.i-
prosecutions or    the upr-iniit   inter-
fer.nce with CMinlnut  nglith,  but alt
ir nil  these we.ikncssis caii||l*   rein
edh*d  and  after this first application
of  its provisions    lo     this  district, 11 miK-
under     i iifSfutistauces    which   i-annoi |   Tlio I"
again arise, it may I* found toU-.t
tiiiist t->lul,.tv   temcd\   which L.tii   bt
made to be of great value    tn    all
parties  lOnreitiNl.
At toy rate, the merits of the I !1"
did not suffer at the hands of such a.
clever  speaker,   and      its  defers  are
not  past remedy.    k
If anybody wished to learn the exact estimation which the wo-ki.-.en
: ccord their district president, ihe of- ■
portuuitv was afforded upon ihe, incision ol Mr, Sherman's .id.Ir.-ss,
whicli immediately fullowtd that of
Mackenzie   King.
Upon  rising tn speak,  Frank    SVr-
inan   was   accorded   the    most  lii*.ir.y
reception  given  to  any  oi   tile fspea'i-
ers, and   the   enthusiasm   with   \.-}iitIi_
he   was   applauded " as - he   sat   down,
w.-iSs still   greater,   leaving   no  doubts
in the   minds   of   anybody   that     .Mi.
Sherman   has    a, solid   union    'lilriul
him.   He   is   not so foolish      r.s     10
belie\e ' that     this   enthusiasm      -.iinl '
solidity   r>f   support   Cfnues   fiom   lei-'
sonal   consideration, ' though   he    has,
as   has   any   fighter, a stolid   friendship., (i     ■■'■
■ These  miners are of  i,ne  mind,   and
union and  non-union   men  are side by
side.    It   is   this   fact »which   explains
the   reception   which   w,-,s  accorded the
district   president,   and   is   the  unmis-
Uikahle   answer' to  the  venomous  attempt ..which  has l.e-.n   made to-strike
at   the  vitals  of  unionism   through   a •
personal   atfack"'ii|.-f.n   its   representative.
Vice-President ..Lewis proved to l>e
a most vigorous and forcible speaker, lie did not spe.tk upon the' pres- •
cut trouble, but made a stirring
speech throughout upon the principle
of unionism, and presented unanswerable arguments in favr.r of the closed
.shop principle, which seems to be
such a nightmare to some 01 the
hypocritical friends of gbody-goody
uniomsm.  . ,
wori.men   in   itself ,was   an   unanswer
able   argument   in 'favor of   the  cause ,
of labor   which   could'nol   be    turned
down by sneers      at, the   unreasoning
workingman,     •        _ -
Any man facing that sea of faces
could not help feeling impressed with
th'i".ft ct that they were ^the faces of.
men upon whom a0whnlc community
defended for the sinews of power,
the money with which the wheels of
commerce and. of trade are kept moving. Nobody could be more thoroughly aware of this, fact than the
intollig'i'iicics .' which looked out
through tliose hundieds of pairs' of
eyes, and lln body of. men, be they'
Ci-er so intelligent, could he more
moderate, more considoiale of the interests of others than are lliuse men
who have been, contending, as Mr.
Lewis  put  it,  for .simple  justice,
The great meeting broke up in good
humor, but with misgivings as to
wh.it should be done, At the cloSud
meeting held night before last, aud
wh,eh did not adjourn until one
o'clock Friday morning, il is under
stood that il was deciil-d to refei
the question us to whether to go
b-.icb to .work, 'pending tin." concilia-
'tion board investigation, at the old
:,calc of wages or 1101, 10 tin- dliferent luc.il unions. It was thoughl'yes-
lerdiy that the lomK would decide
tn return to work, but il is not certain that this iieium will be unanimous.
During tin- week tlu-n* were many
iimior.s mid slatciueins ull'mt ns lo
what look place at the conference
uiim ungs.
The press repicsi-ntnlhe*. wen- kept
busy trying to 1 un down ilusi- sluiv-
im-iiiH and obtain dciinile inlormii-
tion to st nd ou-i lhe w,ns, but the
i 11! IK were n.it inliesii-l in wise ol
(•iheiuisi- opiiiioiis. ,,r :n wlmt Smith
oi 1 iiii.-s wire-l.i-. im: ni out lihu-k
01 Wlnt-. Wli.il w.n.' wanted was
il.-linil iiifoiniiii 1011, whuli, 1 ilii'iider-
in,,: ih. i'MMtv n( iln- .situation, was
i-. ther 11 ran- loiinn.. be,- iu Uie
ii.'   s  tu r' et
The   :t*il  r\mi--     il    ih.    w.vk  arc
.mum d    up in ih       s!,ueiiH-iit   tliiii
-C.el.il iuiu'Iiii,". Wi)'- held bv the
'III',',iles ou I'licli '-uli- nl the i-ninro-
vcis ,   \ihlili  ii'iiii-l  in  unili.ng;   the
m..Ns   in el :iig   what
1 ■. ,1    i- 1       1
l"ll'wid,     and
\LI, :"..\*M1-;  UD"'
,d> III
T.   L-   Lewis,   ai',1'1.
t!    M, W, "I A., \bo li.is ;t>ii 111 the
•l\ ime Molldav. is 11 in.ill ■•( v'leut
fori-. 1 if ili.'l'ai i'i ','< is a iiinier nl
ih,-  miiu-rs, and Ii..m   ih-  1'.uiul'me ol
llll! lirdi-:    lo   a    III. l". i-l   de:-H-e,
Ili.s   ,li|b miiiv.     :.   of'ill.-   Wooswelt
i-rd r,    tin * Ct.   str,il:;hif"twaid        and
liul d  In tb d;;i ■
Mr    I.ca..*.   li "„-   :, •  -1  P.i'.-'.gM'ort,
IJllio,   1 nt liis  olliiial   I'.isit.'ii     takes
llllll     '"to  all    pali-.    •'>     III,       «'u.HU\,
..lid   it    is liUle ol   his time tlmt    is
up,r.-d I'im   m  ■<•  at   b'liii   with his
M W. <'f A. is le imnnj: -a
mie.litv b at I- r }'.ti il 111 ihe labor
Wulld,   .lul   .\,\.  U.i.'a-i-,    ,,'..-U   v.-'.'.,'..,
to 1111*11 in |" sitions ■ I mist in that
order i> lilting tin- ni'.inw.iiioii Im
tttJI gretter w rk.
,'-.♦ j; wJ——L-i.?-«J i^CHtS-iA—
J.*. «.■":»« jiCtfi»*-i.i.."u
;.   _.    , W-L      T—g
FERNIE, B.C., APRIL 37, 1907.
The Fernie Ledger ft
|2a Year in Advance 'Icn{r
Issued every  Saturday - from   the  Office  nf
Publication; Todd Block, Victoria Ave.,
Fernie, British Columbia.
All ohangos of ads. must ha i:i as follows :—
es 2 and 5, 2 p.:
m  'Ihu iday, and page
Pages 2 and 5, 2 p. m. Tuesday-; pages < and 4,
2 p. m Thu -.day, and page S, 2 p.m Bruay.
We will be unable to insure .change unless
this rule iii complied with.
Legal advertising 12 cents per nonpariel-
line fire*, insertion, 8 cents per line each subsequent insertion. ,
ttatas foro'mtrut   i lverti<ing »i i;iplioa
tion at office of publication, Todd Block.
d. v:
Biwness Mim.-mer
SATURDAY,   APRIL   27,. 1907.
Everybody   Works   but  Miiiere
This is a history maving week     in
the industrial afiairs of  the     Crow's
' Nest I'ass,   and . Fernie is   the   centre
of interest,  from   which  thousands of
people  in all  walks, of  life  are -  expectantly   listening-" to  hear  that   the
news that some kind  of  an amicable
.settlement  of   the labor   trouble    has
been arrived at.
The city is full of operators,    gov:
• eminent   ollicials,   representatives     of
railroads,   smelters'  aiid   boards -   ol
tradei   all   anxiously   endeavoring   lo
bring about   a   settlement     of     some
•kind—any kind, so > lhat • the   miners,
the  chief factors   in   the   controversy,
can  go  to work'1 again.
This   partakes   .somewhat  of   . what
' riiighe be-terinod, the irony of  fate.   ■
Why is it. that everybody is so anx-
.•ifiects   both employer   and   employee,
■ fact, that it undertakes to pro-
a  contract, entered  into  by  the
parties  to a labor contract ^ beyond
the  specified ' life  of   that  agreement
austensibly    in    the  public    interest,'
but the  government,   when  called  up.'
on to act in the Taber' case, in    protection    of   the  public   interest,   asks
1 ne of the parties to the dispute    to
1 rotect  the  public   interest    at     his
< wn cost and risk of losing his job.
.  Something   - radically   wrong    . just
'i he minister of- labor, when • asked
iy wire to, enforce the act.at Taber,
r plied that it was not' the intention
1 f the government to lay information in cases coming, under this act.
Since that' lime he is, said to have
st fcvd thai the laR would be rigidly |
enforced. J
Uy whom?
The I,edger ventures to predict.tl.r.l
ii the government had,' in its answer
to President Sherman used those
words, -'the law will l*e rigidly enforced," that the miners, throughout
this ewhole district wouls- have" been
at work tod.iy. pending the result
of an investigation,. instead of being
idle and,, contending with-ihe operators for an greeiment, which means
Hut Sir. Sherman did not go so far
as to say that even .- though an investigation,, is _ held,' thait the same
danger, to a' less extent, of course,
hut still to some extent, will cou-
fiont the miner or miners' who ■ take
an active part- in' bringing'.the con-
oard evidence detrimental
in the way of agreements .violated
and repudiated in the most reckless
and discreditable manner.
"A shareholders' meeting' seems 10
he -,the iirst order on the programme
of the widows and orphans under llu-
chairmanship of Mr. Atkinson .-.aforesaid.''
.Votes an'*.'Comment     ''
"For a m.'iu who can tic up or "untie industries in all Western Canada
I.a-o dollais and a half is not v.-li.-ii.
might be termed as tm outrageously
hi^h  bate  of  wages.—Albertan.
Correct,  and  it may  be true    that,
s,'mc one man mav be to-blame   for,
-1        1
the tie-up, but the .vole of the union
and-J he voluntary action of all niein-
crs, union or' non-union,' iudi -.as'*
•thai that"'man's name is not „Hbi'-r-
ibeycd. the  law   in  every   particular,"
h,\c treated ' their employees liberally
and  leniently,  and now  welcome'and,
will   facilitate  in  every  way. possible
the  hoard  of  investigation  and   con-
c liation.     If you are  correctly     re-
r.-Tted as  stating, that  the  operators
.hive broken law,     we would respeot-
1 iiillv ask that you 'retract that st-ate-
i nicnt,  and  if no  such" statement was
made,   we  would  respectfully   recfuest
tint you'give'report 1 which has been
; uljlished  broadcast.'your  denial.
"I'll.- following "answer has been ic-
iviycd by, the eoal operators-in rcpl_,;
to a telegram forwarded by "ilieru \o
-.he  minister  of  labor:
"The-minister of labor directs me
to acknowledge your'■>telegram '>,-
.'-. prl -J3 ' referring ' 16 his alleged
st lements in the house of commons'
concerning the. coal situation in ■• 1 lm
»-est and 10 state that many inac-
air le reports ha\c appeared in ' lhe
newspap-eis both as to the events, in
the \icinity of the mines. and .incidents in the house of commons, « and
until h('?is in a position of- \ arcicii-,
'i.r'reports of his speech to which the
r. Terence is made, in .your telegram,
he is unable lo state whether or nr.t
lliey arc accurate. The minister- is
grateful for information-contained-m
ihe telegram, and is glad to know
thai   the  operators  have  obeyed    the
oi>"'account  of  that unforluii.ae  lot   ,
:«, posted1 in the' mines "
Mr._- Lemieux read a K*'.'-.ir from
Mr.'Eckstein to the effect that hundreds of men had imit and more were'
doing so daily Mr; Eckstein was
hopefunh that before a chairman was
appointed a modus vivendi would be
arranged. Eckstein added that if the.
notices in the mines were .. removed
the trouble would be, avoided.-
Mr.« Lemmieux said" it was ' -a
breach of the law for that notice tb
b« posted.   ;   '
R.alph Smith (Nanaimo) asked
whether the companies would be in-,
formed of'the breach.. Mr., Lcmie.ix
treplied ' in the affirmative. He also
added- lhat tlie „ miners-of-'Western
Canada wef? all ■ members of the
United Mine Workers ol,America, \it
he was pleased to say that • , John
Mitchell, head of the .association,
had positively refused • to declare a.
strike before ,t-he case was submitted
to the investigation board. In,- order
to clear the atmosphere the .lepi:t-
ment had decided lo send deputy minister bf labor, McKcn/.ie King to the
west, and it was hoped that he would
have a success similar to thai, of
Lcthbridge. '.
Mr. Borden asked what was the ex-,
act position. The minister 'cither did
not havq much, information or he did
not make it public, Mr. Lemkuix„re-
plied that the    . information
'in   .      t'he-ir possosi/i'oui. was
that "a  majority  of     the"   men  were
Working.' There was only a minority
L.   P.   Eckstein
Bahrister-at-Law, Solicitor -.
Rooms 1 & 8, Henderson .block, Fernie, B.C.
F   C. *Uvra.     A£*b. !. fiefcer, BA.
,*" .   '       ti
LauDC Sc Fisher
Cfow'b   Neat  . TradJajg   Go.    Bksck,
■°       Femte, B.'C.
W'.'K. ROSS.K.C. '     J. S. T, AI.BJCAN1WR
,   Ross & Alexander   :
■      ,1'KliN'lK. B. X\
Office In  L. T. W. I Hock, Vielorin Av.-nue.
ions  that  the  miners    should    return
"to his hole in  the ground and  renew !ciliatioii
his daily  grind? ;in  its  nature  lo the    man  or
We are told, .have been  told   frotri.'wh0  take such action.
0 time immemorial, that labor ' and , -j^g Calgary Albertan states'" edi-
capital are both necessary to each i0rin.lly lhat the new bill should be
other, ' but _ this experience we slt*5 ' g-iveiu'a fair trial, as its1 principle is
now passing through should teach us good, and that tlie details- will work
that while both ,these elements whioh
are ;oined together for the purpose
oT carrying on industrial enterprises
upon a large  scale are  necessary,   that
■' after all, one of _theni''is just a-Httle
more   of  a  necessity   than  the other,-
0 and  that -most necessary element    is
not  capital,   but  labor.
It lir-s been the laboring.man, be
he miner or ..carpenter or lumberjack, who has earned the money upon
which every profession, calling or occupation lifts 'depended for existence
in this' valb.y since the time the prospector stuck lhe first pick into the
'coal banks to the - present-moment,
-.iflnd lhat will remain true, until, someone, invents something.which will take
the' place of  the laboring man. '     ,, 1
themselves out in' due course of
time, hut the miner, who ■ is • alert
and watchful of his interest, will object .to having -those details worked
out at his  risk  and  cost.
It is \ciy evident thai this new
1 ill was passed and placed apon. the
stitutc book of the Dominion by
people 'who wen? nol 'sufficiently in
touch with the wants and,, needs, of
the inch for whom it is supposed to
have  been   framed  ':
Mr. Mackenzie King, deputy minister of labor'," a gentleman of "scholarly
f.ttainmeiits and experience in_.public
afiairs, made a very polished, scholarly explanation ol - the ,„bill to, a
mtv, attentive audiience Thursday
,afteraoon.  but he did- not succeed   in
The Phoenix  Pioneer says:
"Whether the coal miners of the
Crow are harder men to get along
with than elsewhere, we have no
means of knowing, And whether the
operators are in ■-. similar class, is
also a ijuestion,. but, certainly, hsrth_
sides seem'to have the knack of, run
ning amuck of'each other about so
often—and those between the grindstones must, also suffer in lhe meantime."' The suggestion that the' provincial government' look into the
matter is an excellent one, to ascertain the cause of these continual
troubles  in  the  coal' districts.      Too
much i.s at stake lo have these things (law  in  every  respect,, and' that   they j which had left the mines on  account
at the  whim of a few, -men,
lliey be'operators or miners.'
The "running amuck" will continue
just so long' as. the policy of opposition lo the unions is continued as it
has been in the past by some of the
operators. '»
No confidence ' can ever exist between  a body "of working men      and
th-.-ir' employees  so long"1 as  attempts
are made-to weaken  the miners   -and
to cause dissentions  in their ranks.
Have Trouble©
of Their Own
J. Barber, l.d.s;
-,   nEMTIST"
I. T'.'W   Rloch.   i-pposiu*  Hie
O'licu hours-811.111 to S y.m.
whether , will   welcome and  facilitate .in  every (of  tlie notice  whicli  had been  posted
ttt   ,\p        i.r.r.^!l,1i%       4.Im    ' imnnna/l tturp    '   ivf        4 ll 1* l___       J I. . _._ t_ -nr ■*-. ■*
way possible the ' proceedings ' of the
I oard of conciliation and investigation.
-'-'      "      ■    Y. Ai ACKLAND.   '
Secretary Dept.   of-Labor."
W, J. W'riglesworth, D. D. S.
UlilDSr'X'IST' ',   -
OmOK HOUKf.- ,       8 1 in 12 ll. 111.   I to. S |>. m
0.30 toil p.m.
,    ' ,Ofiico in Alex. i." ".k'n Bionk '.'?
over Slinn's Hnkory.
YEXXtrik,;''    --        -      '-   ' -
to please careful housekeepers is'to.-
give fco«est ^wei-jht. *_0k,- we (fca't
say tfcat all lmtcfeers, don't do this
but. we casinol help occasaiaoally
overfeeariBg our laidy . frienis when
tkey jet to telling their. experiences.
to please is to supply only tbe beat
meat. If you trade with,us'you,will
leant just what we mean by theae
two '.'ways". QUALITY aad QUANTITY: will be a little more than y»u
expect. ' '   '   *
This fact is 'the explanation of the
anxiety- of everybody to have the
miners go-back'to work.       •-
■But this district has been learning
fr< m experience lhat there is ' such
a thing as an unsatislactory settlement, and that out of unsatisfactory
settlements come other troubles and
other settlements, until the uncertainty' of the continuance of industrial peace has come to be the curse
ol  the country,
The strike at Lcthbridge was ended
liy an unsatisfactory  agreement,
The strike last fall here came to
an end in lhe same way, and we are
now reaping _ the harvest' which such
.settlements   bring. "
.Thc.'mincrs of this district have a
distinct and firmly established conviction that these troubles and their
'' unsatisfactory endings have ..been
brought about by a determined effort
pn the part,of soiiic ol the operators
to break, up their organization or
weaken them to such an extent as to
render them powerless to cope wilh
the corporations in a struggle for
their rights,
' At Lcthbridge the men conceded
much that they felt they were entitled to' ami went back to work al
a sacrifice, which called forth the
praise of ollicials who had done all
they could to restore pbuce. and
"secure to thousands ol suffering people the necessary luel to keep warmth
in llieir bodies.
They expected to be rewarded liy
legislative action which would rc-
mb.o some of the contentions mat-
' tcrs from the problem, bntjn this
they were disappointed, and their
laudel actions were rewarded by neglect of their interests by tlu* representatives uf lhc very people ■ for
win'in th.y had made these sacrifices.
The repfc-iiMitatives of the people
iif this great iloininii.il at Ottawa
thought, and that properly, that
something should be done lo prevent
the recurrence of Mich disturbances
of industrial conditions, and while
tlio Kdiwiiiton legislature was posl-
pon'ng action, the Dominion parliament was industriously eiidai*v'orilig
■ to help along imlnttry 'jy passing
n lilll for which no industrious working men's organi/ntion had ever
That thi", bill wn« intendod lo lu-lp
the working mnn can hardly be
doubted, but that working men had
much to do with its formation and
passage at the time and   under   the
.! , i.,_m^^..     _,.    (^    I 1,   Vf»»**'   '-(iru ,||.-I t'
Those who are familiar with the
methods of iliM-riniinnlion and r<-
tnlintinn practised by some corporations against employees who have
tlio hardihood to contend opcnlv for
(heir rights, know 1l1.1t as I'n-sjdi-ut
Sh-rni.'tn >aid In lik vjn^iti in Si<irk'>.
•li.ill 'Jhurvl.iy, th.it the pwialtv pn*-
visions of the new bill are absoliiu-lv
tim-I.-sft to the worknifii, and ii nt-
U-tnpts ure1 made t<> prost-ciile ojur-
atfir.\ under ii.i provision*;, th? nsnll
v.<iutd be h.na of «',,rl: in tfi<* informer .ind to ih«* witncsvci who shwild
uirdi-rt il.e to 1 ring home snth
Another we;ikm-fc*. in thi« bill wh'fh
remowng from, the minds of those
hearers the very grave doubts they
entertained of its efficiency,.to    them
in the present difficulty.
Kather Kainiliar
Some-of lhe" names which appear in
this article sound familiar to Kernie
'people,' and if ' Toronto people can
not afford' to do business with such
people, how are Fernie people' going
io fare at the same hands?
-'The citi/ens of Toronto and the citizens oE Ontario may" be coming i"l°
tlu-ir own now that, as" a result 01
-.he light put up of late in support
of the Beck power scheme and the
municipal" distribution of electrical
nicrgy, some very surprising information is being disclosed,
'For instance, The Star of last
night—a paper that is in the most intimate relations with Messrs, Xicholls
and l'cllatt and those identified with
the electric ring in this province—deliberately charged these men, by way
ol a public interview,, with an unnamed shareholder, with having gold-
bricked the shareholders of the Toronto    Klectrie   ■ Light company—that
I hey, us directors oi the Toronto
lilectiic company, had signed a contract with'themselves as directors bf
the Klcclrlcal Development company
for energy at ,$35- a horse power lhat
could be supplied for less than half
Hint amount by the Heck system.
"If this is true, and there is no
doubt about it now, then both the
Toronto railway and the Toronto
Klectrie Light company have been
giild-brickod liy menus of contracts
nl this character, and the sooner Hcinie
of ihe shareholders of these eoinpati-
ie* c-ill  lhc attention nf    the   crown
II tin lliey and the iittnriicygeiii'rul to
the f.icts, the .sooner will they Iiml
out where lliey come in and what lhe
res.oiisil.ilily nf directors tn shareholders _ is, Messrs. I'ellntt, Nleholls
and company have live 11 taking widows and itphaiis, who were share,
holders ill their companies, by nntn-
mobil.- lo,ids up to the Queen's Park
to see lhc hideous Mr- Wliiim-y and
his plasiie io-sembly ntid the wii'kvd
iiiayi r Mid equally Mibscrvii-nl erniii-
ii) of Tomato, who weie robbing
ih.m and konlise.illng tlu-ir bread and
liilltr, It now looks us if the widows mid orphans had belter chase
< >im:i otfy else il lliey wish to gel ul
the vwniigdocrs. rcih.ips Mr. .1, K.
At'.inson, nf The Star, wilt uli thv-Sv.-
.vidovvi nml orphans what he   thinks
I the Conduct nf Me<.sts. N'ieholU sill.[
I'eil.iH as direct 1 iis entrusted iviUi
iln'en re of the widows' and orphans'
"As wu pointed otit yesterday, the
mora! of the whole thing, especially
l r the city nf Toronto and  the guv-
inm.at i.f Ti.rotUo, i.i lh.it uoWly
i hi .illord to dn any kind of tmsiius-.
...Hi I',.)-, l,n,d .,1 in.iH mul Uiin kitxl
of diri-ilnr. It mny |,f all very Will
f*ir Mi S'ii liolls tn yn> tn b'n-t.iiid
and try ami slc-.u'gltlni tin: malUf
out with his bondholders there, but
ih-.  cit  mi. «,i  Toriitit<> and  tlu  ui-
Thj following telegram was sent.to
Hon.  Mr.  Lemieux,  minister, of labor
last- .Monday:
'Fernie',   lk .C,  April  22.—"You  are
reported in. the press-as having stated   in'the  house on the   ifith that, the
reports " concerning    conditions'  which
section 57  of  llie  Industrial   Disputes
thc  receipt of  which  notice you  ack-
uowledgeir' on April   13th.     The     Industrial  ^ Disputes   act    imposes      on
the-operators   the-express   'duly     of
notifying ' their employees of  the   intended  change  before  any   board   can
le  constituted      to   deal   with   thorn.
This is what was done.  .Miners themselves   recogni/.ed   the   necessity       for1
such  a  course  by  serving  a    similar
thirty  days', notice on  the operators.
Tn justice  to operators and  the  pub-
.ie any. sta'Ument that our notice was
illegal shoufi  be  in  the coal     mines;
are   greatly   exaggerated,   that   there
is„uo strike -and  the   only  dilliculty
arose  through   the   operators  putting
up a notice that the wages would.be
reduced on May  iolh,  also  that siieJi
notice was against the law and that
you intended to enforce the law.
"Such a statement, if made, is unfair to'the operators, and i.s directly
contrary lb Tacts.    , The   only notice
posted  by the operators was a   copy
of  the schedule attached  to, the    operators   application  lo   you  for   appointment, of     llie board of conciliation.   The giving of a statutory    30
duys'  notice of withdrawal.  ,Slicrmaii
■has used this, our necessary statu lory
notification,  to our  employees,   ns  a
pretext, to incite the miners    to    go
'. 11 ^strike, All union ollicials and itiin-
icrs were perfectly     aware  thai    our
notice was merely  a compliance with
the statute and that operators   were
absolutely     prohibited   from  making |
any  alteration   in   the  conditions   -of !
employment     respecting    wages     or
hours,    pending    this    investigation,
The miners were content to   continue
work and    declined    to     discontinue
work until district  union ollicials visited i-iu-n camp, when the men     im-
mcdinlcly left work in » body,
' The .whole district has been since
l.'rlli inst., nud still is, placarded with
red posters rc<_iicMtiitg ..u miners mul
workers lo slay away from  the coal
mines in this district, whiih   posters
. r- signed    by  the district executive
board of the Vniti-d Mine Workuis of
"The slali-meiit llial no strike ex-
i ts Is a1 Mild in the face nf the fuels,
The men !hive <|tiit woi-ii in all col-
lieiitN ,il the direct notification mid
ro'tn-sl n| Sheriuaii and his ollicials.
I'Aerv local union haw held a meeting
Mid hy concerted action and indirect
.mi ni-i-ii u'vsiuiiie m liic f.uv wimli
th.y know thoroughly have caused
-,es-,»ii'<uj ,,i work ,,t iM.iy miin: und
cst.i! lisli.d as Cf.mpb-ti-, npiji mid deliberate a strike as net ixikU-,1 ;nv-
wmie. I'lt'siii.tii Mn»hi'Jl am) Yin-
1 resident f.ewis, of the United Mine
Workers of America,-' wired Slu-rnian
• 11 April ii', to have the men remain
a work, Inn Shvrmnn cuifullv mu
'The district board of miners held a
meeting on Tuesday and dra'fted a
telegram to "the minister of labor, in
reply to that of the operators sent
the day  before.   It  reads  as follows:
•'The,,message of the Coal Operates' association sent. yesterday has
been read by us. We wish,to, point
out that after the Calgary convention had failed to achieve anything,
this-district took. immediate steps to
1 ring all operators .and employees
l.nder" ihe Conciliations' act, "and,., as
voir are, aware a -request in teach case
w..s sent to you. Instead of co-operating with the employees iii having
(lis, ules settled that way, the operator-;,   as-you know,-raised  technical
objections,   and tried to -displace what
i,-C^i 1 M." 1....~ v..~4 i,-, 1 ■ 4i, : ,	
-11—11—r.-ccii—nunc-;—r mioamOu-:—tilii-up-
.1 '  " ■     .-"
cr.itors,  who .should..have been     able
to "gauge the sentiment of the men-in'
si ch a case,   ■ promulgated a   - notice
reducing  wages,   .Such  reduction   was
to lave effect ou May 10.   Concerning
tho notice of change which , the mine
workers  had given,  we  would    point,
1 111  that a notice was served     upon
the  Western  Coal  Operators'  association at  Calgary when  the operators'
association    and  mine'   workers  met.
The   liotkef was given 'to such (association, and was repeated to each   of   tho
companies, but all  these  notices were
drawn  before any request for the np.
poinlnient   of a "conciliation    board
had been made,   The miners, in   asking for a conciliation board,  wanted
to 'have   their, disputes adjusted   in
that way, and but for the action   of
operators the status quo would have
been persuaded, and all   mines   have
by the operators. Mr. Borden fi.en
read a dispatch which appeared in
today's paper from Kernie, stating
that', there-were-1,000,miners now (.11
strike, and more were quitting daily.
Was lhat correct? Mr. Dorden asked.
. Mr. -Lemieux said from the information-he had it-was not'correct.
Mr. Borden Said he could not attach much importance to the denial,
for the minister did not seem to know)
verv much about it. Mr. Borden then
argued that a Jaw was not good unlets the government enforced it', i'f
the -men were quitting work it was
the' same thing as a strike or a lock-'
out. He once more argued that it was
the duty-of the government to'' enforce the new law.
. Duncan Ross said many of the miners in .the .west were foreigners aud
did not understand'the laws of Canada. He thought . Mackenzie King
should go out-west with a big club
and apply it equally to' miners ' and
operators. .    „     ., ,- ....'"
■ Ralph Smith to Mr.  Borden-admit-
jl  B,-It - A.WmnMii*
Contractors und Builitors.
Estimates Furnished
■   Storm Doors and VVindows
Pimp:- ConuT Rowland Ave' and McEvy St.
-\      P  0. Bos 3S5. Fernie, I!  C
- rjnsrioisr   label
Qpow's     Nest    Special
._; '■ AX!")	
Miner's Favorite Cigar**'
Notice;. -
--   ,.       I   am'now installed in
•my   new  shop  in   the
50 Good Woodsy
men. wanted by
The Elk Lumber
Co. Apply at the
Office or af'Hos-
The Elk Lumber Co>Ltd.
Fernie, B.C.
i£y   Oirecf  Service
continued    workinij
We    wish
u-niphasi/c   the   fact   whicli   has   not
heretofore  hc-L'ii   made  known,   ' vi/..,
lhat _     union    , men       and '     non-
jinion       men     number,   about   seven
hundred  and fifty  and   three liuadretl
respectively,   The unions had nothing
whatever lo     do with the non-union
men {joiiij> mu,   It was the objection-
al.-le notices posted up by the   operators    that   in    our   opinion, causod
the non-union men lo walk out as it
did   the union men   to do the  same
tiling.   Tho operators    have not    attempted lo account for the action of
t liy non-union men, but have tried to
, impress public opinion with the idea
|lliiit  the unions  are  to blame.   "We
'cl.iim   tliat   vvhy_n   the mine   workers
s itii'lii  pcice;     the operator!*     Rave
I luittlr,   Thev  arc,   therefore,   respoii-
si'de for the whole troablc.
I V. 11. sirouMAN,
I I'resldiiit DlHt. No,  18.
ted that it was the "duty of "' the
government to apply the new statute.
John.,Herrbn resented * lloss'. statement that the miners of llie . west
were not intelligent. The men in'his
constituency had  no superiors.
The labored efforts to induce Hhe,
miners to go back to work partakes,
somewhat of the ■ nature" of .sugar-
coating a bad tasting pill in order to;
have tlie sick patient swallow it
without knowing its contents.
The government made a'mistakc in
passing that bill without first ascertaining- whether the miners wanted
such legislation, It was most unfortunate that it got through ; both
houses ttnd .'up to the governor-general in time,to l>e applied in this case
when contracts were expiring at the
close of a conference which had been
needlessly postponed., for. two weeks
ou a quibble about the authority' of
the miner's delegates'to make a contract with an association which afterwards admitted it was in the same
■ So many unfortunate things seem
to have happened, all haying a tendency to place the laboring side of
the dispute at a disadvantage tlmt
no surprise 'should be felt nt the result which has followed,
The confidence of the miners has
been seriously shaken, and they nro
consetfucntly a little shy nlwut swallowing the sugar-coated bill prepared
with such uiuiellish care for them
•without the asking.
A hotel that furnished quiet, commodious accommodation for its patrons is a source of pleasure to the
travelling public. Such a one is the
King Kdwnrd Uotol, ol Kernie, corner opposite post ollice,
; Fernie hotel.
Prices  fit   my  shop
as follows :
Hair Cutting
"".    "'     ,(E£g;)
Massage   °   -
"   hotel,     three"
'south    of
r"~^.3 p © k a li e-^7'-—
-.    ' 1
via Kin^sgate and    .,
Spokane international Ry.
are now
ii. So
1 o; 30
) 1
nonner's Ferry
I >
, Sand Point
Thanking, you for your past p.ttmilage
and hoping to receive a share in the
fut lire, 1 remain
Yours to slay,
Chas. Gilbert
'For further information, rates, folders,
. etc., apply lo R, Rending, local   .
agent or write
.1, S. OAIITKR, I), V. A.,Nelson.
, M. J. COYJjK, A Or. V. X , Vm..iouver.
ceil (I this f.itt (roin our i-niplnyws.
Tlwy .ire "ii -trt'v in'dvlil.tv..u .>•,«,'
o|hii defiance of your law, mid il. .is
I'.joltc! ill lhc pl'.ht, \o\i lliU'hd l<i
• nf(.rcc that law your opportuniti-
cxlMs. Tli,1 <-ifir.iti.il. Ii.iw i.Jiov.11
c t-rv  fore' ear.imv and patii-un-   pui
, TIip Ledger taucs the following
iroiu the u-legraphic rejiort ol the de-
I nt.- in the house of commons an the
, mih r^.itding the situation at   that
' date o(  the mining  situation.
I t'lmiineiit Is unnecessary. TCvcry
ine familiar with the situation here
wil ful just a little legs respect fur
ill,- peupli! who are delegated to make
,„lld  I'Xl'CUlC InwR. .    , ■     1
Hu  iiiiiicLs in this aisluci had qwit
(.ui*.   io   (iV  r,Uin}l<:l   nl  «^>'i'J'   St'-''1'-1  '■•«
the day 1 his talk was going on ut
0ttiw.», and it would appear that
those mIio .should know of these fneti"
were 1 li.sfully ignorant.
'lii.M- was no dou'iii that u»ft«,"»trt
milieu lind made a tcrrihle in'ut.iVe
'. !|.c<* this happened operator* .t.i.I
.liORiii .x. I,. Parker 111 tlwlr rcpre-
>i-nliitive on the hoard. Mr. I.cnrcux
Hiil a tt-lc;-r.im he had received frntn
IU*. Iv.t-.uiu, r«pr«!i;Ciit(itlv« of Miu
<>f n    on  the lio.ud.      Tlie  'ckg''. in
.  mc 1.11« ui>.i ui_>hi. it xn\i.   ■ nr,-.
'i.iiler v*ill meet nift hew tomorron/.
tn e '(Mil unahlc to locmte Mr.
"itiith. I'A-p.Vt to meet him »t<iXt
-nl .■irt-itij'O mi-ctinp     min* wirVers
h \\ ICckhtCin,
PflR  saTjK—20  t^O'lN  IN   WKBT   KKRKIKi
11111.V   turiiiN,    Apply   VV, T  Houluy, Woit
I'« rid 0
I min Ave' "'
HAY KiHl HAJjK-("f)01> tll'l/AND VIUIIUK
liny    OhilH.H llnwiu-il.Oiyloy, Allu
(■uliutor, neiiriy now,—Ajipl.v.nt I.oiluor Ollliio
n. ptrilea owing the lat« Inn of
bammonn and Tunitr, or that ol
Tattle mid Tnr»er, are hereby notifl-
cd that uli euch accounts are payable
to .fob* Turner, und tnuet lie ieltlcil
on or Wow the iota oi March test.
imiiy r<fliitr,illy local ml, ixoott nioiiorn Iuiuno,
lilt iimiviiiiliiiici'N.  Apply to   Molt, Sou &C(i„
Kurnlo, 11. 0.
lotniiii Vliitiirln Avii,  Tli in I fit In rum of tlio
lu.t lixiullmiH In town,   Kor full pni'llonlm-H
upply lo Mutt, Him til Co Kurnlo, II V,
A Big Snap
mill nut hliilillllUii, with thimin/ft, lotn mi
llnwlnmt Avu.,iiufti'thn furinurKtiriilii Hrnw-
1'iy.  Apply to Kiiriih) I.oil«iir. A '"■<
siMe in  the cflorts to avert mi    in
•I'.'fctriat disaster m  Ursti-rn  Cin.nla, iH>ni<^l!rtt<-ly. '           i|
■..-ii. i>'. (i,,i.ti-.(> ,,«» .\p»,,i i„, .,n,n !..i.«l up 1,. ih,' pj%^i.i h.iv-r   r»-ir«nnd k'at'i-ti  nul I'cksttitt *ho.i A   the «
i.ii.d -f uctmi-ut    from  tins*.-   iiun|fr.<in j n sc.titinn^-, .is siuli mij."ht  in- frr* mefl toJ.iy. and, «c ■i.tnif    ,t.
th.ni    uli..i  iln-ii   .h.iii-hi'Idirs     .uu) idiiic tittrr ficliiifs .nid i!m-- dcliy ,<n f'ltstcln,  1h.1t im-eiing wi!)  result in
uh,ii   Ihr citS'i-nt <>(     TikouIw hi\« ,orly *<Ul-m ni  at»d ir^'-n^ ihr  «:i '*'*•*  nifn all  »tr.rjilj*"  lo vArV.   Vr
U-in r^<ivinK from Ui«w in the pail   np which n>w t*i*t*.   O[s«r.itor* Larr Mthfent nddM that the m«"i htd kit
NOTICK ia hereby give* that, f«
days alter date, I intend to app.y lo
the Honorable Chief CommliiloBir of
Uade «nd Works lor pertnliilon to
purchtue the kiUowtng dituiiW
!.iinl. Kitu.,ie in Hast Kootenay, nrur
Kiko. CoMBicncliig nt a pout *''
cd on the northern boundary hi** <f
Ix>t 4»33i about 40 chains east irom
the northweat corner of eald J.ot;
thence aorta 40 chains; thtnrn imU (o
ckaiM; theace toulh 60 elulne, more
or it**, to the Elk Ktvu; tfus westerly aloif aald river to the eeitern
lioundary ol aaid Lot &M; thtace
■ortherly aloaj eald eeetem bo'ind-
ary nf ».ild T.ot to the northeaat corner of aaane; thence westerly hIoij.
tht tutitlMUa Iwuttdaty ul eald Lot to
place ol beginning.
Dated the iflth day ol Ffhruary, A.
I. Vtoj.
Allan Line
1 .* ■
DlF-t'Ct   Service
Montreal nnd Quebec to
Liverpool, Glnntfow, Havro nnd
Passcnjjci'H booked to nnd from all.
western points,
Montreal Si ("*uul)oo to Liverpool,
Ioninn (.twin screw, 9,000 tons);
Mny 3.
Virginian (turbine, 13,000 tonsil
Mny 10.
Tunisian (twin screw, 10,576 tone)1.
May 17.
Victoriun (turbine, 19,000 tons)
May 34.
„_. nKhV WAXT15D
Queen'1.: Hole!, Fernie, B. C.
W'tger. $30 h month.     nsotf
60   YBAR8'
MuilcriiU'  1'nti*. Borvlco
MONTUKAL    hih!     QUKWOO    to
11 .
Corinthian May 9
I'retorlan May 16
Sicilian May 93
Mongolinn "   May Jo
One clnftt cublii $10, third c!tiBH$20,6O
For resorvntion of berths and
full (iiirtleuIurB upply to
It. UKADINO,       W. U. ALLAN,
AsT.. O.P.H.- Onn. Acrt. Wlnnlpflff
Trmor MAni'.o
•uiillriMk OU.
1'kMniU Uk... 	
tpf/Mlns'tM, without
,l!»t IMItlKI ful IMil-lim, llliWllU.
l>*.i«fiMt Uknn Uin>ot1i Mui-- A <v>, rwfttr*
Stlciiiilic m.ymi.
A li«MM«»If IIIu«tMI»d r. *r* ,    I
ruitltoil Of uriMMtUl t*1""1*;    ■'r
rcwi roarnonUt,!*. MoWby.J nun
_ . _   _ _ ».i«»l«t
Advertise in The Ledger
WINiE   u0.f Ltd.
1fthijitwi..c ik.*iti» Atu-1 U'ltv-t £cuv**ti*-
tera of
Hole Agcnte ia CaaeAa tor
Wialeor    T«adf,      Jag    D«eUr«yerv "£v"
*rf ■'
Committee- of the?-* HouseiQ^pQi^n-ioris
"■'' Brings" an "a .Report, as to. Excessive Prices ofi.Lumber    ,
Ottawa,   April' 19.r-Thomas   Green- ■ froin  the' price, lists..themselves    -and
. \ „    .      '•,,i:tl,„,.,',',   ,"'.i,iv ! th-e  by-laws,  minutes,  books and  cor-
wjiv  presented      to  parliament  uai.ij ,        ■ ■> >       ,        ., .
J   '".- ..: respundcucij    and    evidence   of    wit-
the  report  of „the  hunter committee, .^ ^ -^ „., ^  ^^ opera_
whicli  is as follows: j tion.s.     \ ,
"Your „ committee, have, •■ during tltfe ! -'Your committee- also' linds that
course of their enquiry, held some 3° j mo it* recently'-' the ,-manufacturers
sittings   and   examined   32   witnesses) .formed an  association'known  as "the
and, have had a large number .01
books, letters; "price' lists and othei
papers and documents laid, down Ik-.
I'or'o them as exhibits, which, together with the. minutes of Uu-jr procw'i-
inj_s,   are  h-.-rcwilh  submitted  Ior   the
'British- Columbia "'Lumber and
yirnijjk- Jlunufac-Uiring 'asspciirti'oii,''
which,. in- the opinion of the committee,' amounts ' to a'combination
and co-operates with ;.the;'said retail
association, aiid on the part of these
inlormation  of  the  house. i liiuiiiifacturers   a   good  ' deal    of evi-
:'Vnur committee are of the opin- ] Jwice° was submitted ' to show that
ion that the pr.ees chiirgoil for linn- | Uieii prices were notJexcessive, but
ber are    excessive;      your  committee   |.u[oro concurring in  lhat ,view,  your
"iiml that there has existent for some
years, past, aiid still exists, an association known as the '.•Western Retail LuniiJiermcii.s associ'ulion," and
this   association   included ■ all      three-
.pro\iuces  until. recently,  when  the re-
•'tailors of Allwrta fonned a ' similar
one of their'own,,,called "The Alberta
Retail   Lumber, association."
"These* two associations -.amount^
in .the'opinion of your committee, to
u combination aud the objects and
results of the operations of these two
associations" ha v-e   been', to     annually i M.  Slocan,   and approval  by* tins geii-
inhancc  the     said prices,  as appears ' eral  committee. ;.
committee think that there should be
more evidence as to the cost of production of the manufacturers. Vour.
committee also has to take into consideration the, fact that the cost', of
lumber to the settler is ' materially,
allcctcd by the cost of tlie - freight, sis'
well as by" the cost and.profits of the
mariy»fai!;t'"irers and'  re-,t(a|ilicirs.
•.'(tigd.;   .   ,    T. • GltEEXWAY. ,-:
This report" was prepared by a ,sub-,
committee,   comprising ■ Hon.   Thomas
Greenway,  E. A.    Lancaster   and;'W.
Situation Succinctly
Sized Up
The prediction made iu the, last is
*sirc of  The   W-cek  has  been  promptly
verified, and the coal operators' of-the
, Crow's  Nest  district- have  been  cleverly ■ out-manouvcrcd  by   the   .miners,
..so'ek-vercly,   indeed,   that   Uic,  Hon.
Mr.  Lemieux had  to  announce     last
night in reply    to   an imruiry in   the
Federal v. parliament   that,   there   -was
"  no strike,  but  that men had, individually quit-work without'.making '■' any-
official   declaration.   This   shows   how
"-intfiective all legislation'is to compel
:mcn to work if they are not   willing,
perhaps .it is not' generally recognized
thatit   would be equally,  ineffective to
-   <compel  operators  to   keep  their mines
.-,open-if they'wished   to  close   them.
— '   '- - 1 f _ 21.._ . _A/.n,(-«.i>.n .-I liie_
—x\r~ IS"— ine_ialiuic— nj--n.vugiin.w-->••■»-
fact whicli leads unthinking people to
demand that the law shall'be invoked
to deal With breaches which have not
.bcett'    committed.'-   , Mr. ' Lwnlilcirx,'
:ineasure. is-an excellent one as far as
it goes, but. the public have been led
•.to expect too much from ,it.   The ut-
:riiost it could effect would be' to provide a breathing space oi thirty days
■before a strike  or  lockout  could    be
(declared,    but    without    declaring    a
.strike   every   individual' miner of the
three     thousand   employed     iir   the
'Crow's Nest district,' can absent him-
:self from''   work nud go fishing ' "ar
ishootiug, or pay a'visit to his   rela-
•tives and fail to return      dust   how
iineflcctivc Mr, Lemieux' act was found
,-.to be in the present impasse was an-
Micipated by those who bore in mind
-.thai  operators  and    miners had    al-
trcmly • held a three weeks' session    in
tCalgary in. the vain endeavor to set-
tile their differences and it was hardly
"likely     that a   further    consultation
-.would ,1-esnlL differently,   The  case is
•in a nutshell,   it     may \k perfectly
"'.true as alleged,hy lhc operators, that
tthe miners representatives broke faith
with the convention, in failing to cx-
n'Ctite the agreement which was witli-
iin sight, hut the fact that they have
Ibe.-n unsullied  In, this action hy <)N
per cent,  of the men,  clearly  shows
.tlmt they would have been acting in
contravention of the wishes of practically nil tliuir constituents, if they
had done otherwise,   The trouble lies
jiut'lierc, that tlie operators fail   to
realize the conditions surrounding the
conl mining industry.   They are   not
experienced  men;   they  know nothing
practically    of coal     mining or the
management of miners, they have not
Ihii-ii trained in the     industry,     and
whilst most of tlictn have    achieved
.success In  their     own  walks of life,
thoy arc entirely out ol their     clement in dealing with  important    industrial    qik-tUions   which    call    for
.special knowledge nud in dealing with
that chisH of  workmen  which  above
all others requires to be dealt with
on n hosi.s id broad liiiuian .sympathy,
Tbe conditions ignored by  tlm opci-
iitors are, that the demand- for coal
is far in "excess of the supply, that
thereis an admitted: scarcity of labor that the workmen are discontented
with .the terms ' offered,' that under
such conditions 110 man canj.be compelled to work or is likely to work
except upon terms with which he is
perfectly satisfied, that all t overiV the
world lhe coal miner has shown himself to iie tlie man ,who never counts
personal loss or. suffering when'- there
is a principle at stake,.' that the only
way to secure and retain labor. is to
satisfy the requirements. All these
are sound propositions which English
mine' owners have taken -to heart long
ago, and .which Western Canadian
mine owners have yet to learn, ,.In
the present instance the operators at
first suggested-a reduction of, wages,
whicli in itself was sufficient to precipitate u strike,  that'-itwas only~a
Yours, Mine and Ours
..If a man steals a chicken of "thine"
yon have him liefore "the magistrate;
Int. if he appropriates "a whole (lock
of „"ours," yoii vote him a crack"1 shot
aij.i make him president of - a gun
club.- If a-man steals a scuttle -of
coal of "mine," I put "the police on
his track, but if he appropriates jk
million toils of "mirs'V in the ever-
lasting hills, you vote him- a capitalist and cuir him to the-senate. .It
your neighbor rgets up in- the ' night
and moves the corner stake of his lot
over one foot on "thine" society-
sends hini to <penitentiarv,    but if  lie !
which is "ours," and , to get our-
rights, but' to establish' social justice
to promote righteousness, to' demonstrate the solidarity of the race, to
show our faith in the brotherhood oi
man and the fatherhood of God.—
Lecture by-W. \V. Buchanan, Winnipeg- -:
appropriates a few millions of acres
t,f "ours,'1.society sends hiin' to the
house of lords aiid makes him the
representative' of the nation at the
court of i-m'pire. "Mine and Thine"
must be sedulously hedged about by
protective statute and the strong arm
of the law, but "ours"' is. * thrown
open for exploitation; ..    ,
Emma Goldman gave dangerous advice when she said '''if you .would,
have immunity for stealing, steal- a
gre.it deal," McGill, of- the Ontario
Hank, anil Phillips, of the York Loan
company,; tried that and both are
now doing.. duty ,. in the penitentiary
along with common sheep.thieves and
petty felons. They had 'been foolish'
enough to steal what- was '-'mine tnil
thine," "nml whether little Uiieye-7or
big thieves they must pay the, ' penalty. He would take the liberty to
amend'' l'mma'- "recipe, and advise
them' th.il to steal with impuirty
they.must avoid '  taking    what     is-
mine or" thine"" and appropriate tli si I
which' is:'"our-; ''
■ The- spe.iL'r   t,ii.ve   illustration  ,d':<t-:..
llustration of.th* alienation if He;
property of th,; .people to privle'
1 ei son's ■ and corporations iu tlte ft inn
of timber limits, coal lands, mrus,'
fisheries, "ranc'iiae-, and lands. Millions ami millioi.'i of-dollars' wcu'th
of -'ours'! which should be usitL^pr
the'benefit of the whole people,,, was
grabbed by shrewd exploiters , and
greedy corporations, who gave ho.
value or return to the people for it ■
it was truo that ■ these transactions
were often legalized by act of parlia-.
'ment,: but they did not ( change the
moral .-character of the act. ■
.The appropriation of property without  giving value. for  it,  is    stealing-
iccording to moral law, .whatever
civil- law might • say. .What'I. create
or produce should-be ,-"mint."- What
you, create or produce should "be
"thine."-What  we  create or  produce
Tho best medicines in the
world cannot toite the place oi
the family physician. Consult
him early when taken ill* If
the trouble is with your
throat, bronchial tubes, or
lunes, ask him about taking
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, Then
take It or not, ns he snys.
piece of shallow   finesse   was proved
by the fact that the demand was sub-,
scquently   withdrawn  and   the  operators - actually "consented to a    10    per
cent., increasse." Now," the   chief  bone
of contention  is  whether  the  miners
on-the east side of the.Rockies, separated less than 20 miles from those
un  the west,-shall enjoy  the   'benefit
of an  eight-hour .day,  which,   "■ after
persistent  agitation,' has  been   legislatively granted to British Co,umhia.
That   the    mine owners  of,. Alberta
should !>e so pur-blind as to contest
this   point    is     inconceivable;     the
Crow's    Nest"    Pass    Coal  company.
fought.it for years at a cost of   several disastrous strikes,  and ultimately had to bow to the inevitable. Just
because the mines east of -the Rockies
are less favorably situated    for   economical operation, furnishes no reason for handicapping the miners;, it is
simply an attempt to remove a natural handicap by artificial means, and
i.s as certain.to fail.as is every    attempt to stem the tide ol movements
fofe-ordalnwl to success,   There   may
be features of     the present    contest
which may prejudice' the miners     iu
the eye of the public, and technically
it may l>e possible for the operators
to demonstrate that 011 the   quuHthn
of boiiafidcs, they. have a legitimate
ground ol  complaint. .  These,    however, are side issues, compared villi
the mnin dillicnlty which is tlmt the
industries of the province nrc within
measurable distance of lieiug held up
for lnck of fuel,1 anil that il the production of coal is suspended    for    a
few months    only, untold   suffering
und poaxilily widespread hvtulity tuny
result next winter,   Under   such circumstances it is splitting hairs     lo
force a quarrel     on points, ol   cti-
ijtiette or breaches of faith, It would
be easy  to show thnt the latter did
not originate with  thu miners,   hut
that their present attitude is due in
11 very large measure to the way   in
which they have been decoivud in thu
past.   Their bitterest  cotnpiiliiit    today is that they have almolutely no
confidence     iu   the president  of  the
Coal Owners' association,  and    tliuy
have voiced     this iicutliiieut    in the
press.     Let   the coal    owiicrs take
warning that they are watched     hy
tae peup'e oi Cauad.i, who in some
instances have ituida them a   present
ot their coal lands, that they are expected to operate," t0 keep the conn
Aie    arriving,    daily.
We have a lamer and
, better assortment this
■_ spring thaneve-ran'dour
prices are low enough
,• 10,s'uit the person who
. had to-borrow trouble.
W* p*kUth our ftranlu
W« Uullk »!»»*U
tr*m our »Ml'cli>M
WVurt* you lo
««oivi;i jr»«f
in our' collective capacity, plus God's
gifts" to' us, should be _,'.'ours." ,.Ius-_
tice demands tliat each should ' be
protected for its proper purpose and
function.,„IL is impossible-to properly protect what, is mine and thine as
distinctpjfrom that which _ is ours, so
long as_ the latter , is not protected.:
For example,- wc are relieved bf ■ a
portion, and an alarmingly'large pro-1
poetiou of the product's of individual
industry to pay taxes, national, provincial'ami municipal, not one farthing of which, is reipiircd-for that purpose. A wise providence has supplied
us with a hounty ample for every,
public ncttl, which grows in proportion to the necessities of society,,, and
which, if not stolen by predatory corporations, and avaricious exploiters,
would cover the cost of all' public
While our city-was floundering in
debt and begging capitalists for
loans tn continue,, civic expenditures,
aoo real estate offices and innumerable speculators were gambling with
the increment of land, and gobbling
up a value which morally belonged to
no individual, which wns clearly a
social product belonging i0 the people as a whole, which should be ns
sacredly preserved for the ■ benefit of
the whole people as private property
is preserved for the benefit of the
owner, "
Partylsm, too, has broken down, II
It ever had nny virtue in promoting
-,'iny reform.   Pope said  ninny    years
igo:   ''Party  is the  madness nf-   the
many fur the gain of the few,"   and
if that w,ts true  in  his day,' it     is
loubly  title  at  this   time,   The    exploiter who  desires  the    opportunity
to  appropriate  that   which   is     ours,
is In full possession of both political
camps, nnd    uses    our governmental
nincliini-ry to rob us, im matter which
party li"|n power.   The speaker   de-
scrll.eli with _jrc.il dramatic .skill the.
cliariot   nice of    Hen  Ilur,  when  llie
charioteers    crack    their    whips  and
tlte fiery steeds gallop In trout of the
aitia/ed inidli-tice, and vrl are1 held in
the nairnw limits of the stage,    by
s mc »ti\inge device,   He who     gets
n  glimpso htliind    the scene,  disuiv-
us thnt» little man at the,tear com
pitted)' controls  the   mechanism;   that
each twin  of  hursts is galloping mi
n   plnt'iinn   which   ever  slides    under
their feci, and* that the manipulator,
with   A simple    twist ol  tlu- wrist,
sends first one team   ami  then     the
other In the trout, m tiding owr   ll inline nt the proper moment the   team
No .Seedless. Plums.- No  Pitless
Apples, No-Cobless Corn—just old
reliable . varieties    at  reasonable.
prices'.   Fertilizers,. Bee   Supplies,.
Spray_. Pumps, .Spraying Material,
Cut    Flowers,   etc.   Oldest   estab-.
lished. nursery on, the mainland of
B.  C:_. Catalogue Free."   .
Greenhouses    and    Seed    Houses,-,
.Vancouver,- B.. C. -••"
P.S.—If your local merchants
, do not handle my seeds, send-
..direct.■-We  prepay   fifty -packets,
assorted varieties of garden seeds.
iu 5c. papers' (tested stock)7   to
twenty packets for~5dc., trial col-
E are -removing from the
old barn, but we
are still doing
(business    at   our
o _ 1 x **
down town office.
Watch for our new
address next week"
Fred Handley
NnTTfiK ii'liPri'bvKivon that., SO,ilny, nl'lci-l
itulis. I intend to imply to thu Hon ' Clilefi
ComiTiibMontir of Lands und Works for n
ppecliil lleonsn to cut, und furry a wny fimlu-r,
fiom tii(\. following .described binds, situutcll
in South Eii.ifKootoiiny, ,
No,"l Coii'nnencini! iiLa nont, planted nliont.
fourteen mill"' wnst of tlioKonlenny River, onn
milf north nf tho Tnteriintioniil Ijoiindiit-y,
thenoc n'ontliS'1 olinins, (tioncii oa'it. so chniiih,
thence north SO nhiiln's. thenco wust-RO chuin-i
tniilnet) oI'liwinnliiR.
Loi-iitod Polrrnnry 4,l!in7- '
J?'!,.   MOlMTYHK.'  IjOCltOI-
Jami's Camhiion, ARO&t,
No -.'  (Jommoni-liiir ut 11 post nt tlio north-1
wc,t coi'iim-of.T, T;. Molnt.vrp'ii timljor clnim,
thi': co south Mi. di 11 ins, thonco wost 811 chninn,
thonce north(M cliuins, thonco oust RO cliuins
LocatedFolirwiry -I.1M7
W S Kkav, l.ooutoi-
.1 \MU1   OAMlillON,  Ari Jit
No ll. Commonci 11 or ut n post pluntod iitthn
noi-thwnst.cni-noi-of .1,1., Mclntyro'i tlmlior
cliu'ni, lliniii'ii nortii fiflcliiiin.s, tlinncu eiist ft>
niiiiliirt.tlioniMi south fill clmiliK, tlii'iice woit, 8f»
cliuins to iilncnof lifiKlnnliiK
l.ooiitoil IMininry 4, l!Ki7
Ij.K. MoDiin.m.ii, Ijociitnr
,1 '   ,(\mkb  Oamkiion, Aucnt
No. I Ooiiiiniincina ht. 11 pnst phi' tml at tlie
noitliwcst coriinr of J 1, Mclntyro's tinilior
cliilm, tliPiici* north BochuiiiH thonco wo-U R(i
elinlnti, thence kouiIi S'l I'hnlns thonce enst R11
chulns to jiIiipii of lii'Riniiliiff
I.nontod I'l'liruiii'.v 4, l!|fi7
V. WllITi:. I.nenlor
JaMi.h Oamkiion, Aiioiit,
Noli (ioiniiioiiplmrutn pout plunted onn milo
wev from the sunt li wost corner '"f I'. Whlto's
tlinlieriiiiillil, tlinnen south Wi chiiins, llnnicii
eiist Kit ,'lmliis, IIipth'O nortii 811 cliuins, tliuneo
west fin i-.lmliiri topliicc of I'PiflnniiiK
I.ocittml Pfilu tinr.v. 4. 1I1i7
.funiHs ('"iilconiir, l.ociitor
Jiiiiie"  f'limnroii, A«ent-
Nn it (loinnienciiii'utii pnst pliintod ut tliu
nuithwct ciii-nci'iif .luiiii'.s Kiilcnniir'i1 tliiilicr
(•Intin. tlicili'l' iinlltll KMcliuliu, tliencn west H'l
cliiitii«,t.||(ili'« nnrlli 81 cliuins, lliiilivu clist *"'!
cliuins lo pliiei'uf liculiililiiK
|,iii'iiti'il Kntii'iiiirv I, I'i 17
General Merchant
Dealer in Wine
Liquors and
for 3D Days
In order to build up the
circulation of this paper
another 1,200, we are
offering for thirty days
"The  Fernie   Ledger
One Tear for $1.50
1 o
.) ' ft -   ''       1
_"      \ 1
7 This offer is good for
old subscribers aswell
as rieWi provided pre-
siibscrlbers have
to date.
REMEMBER ; $1'.50    A   YEAR
Any time In the next 30 days.
Undertakers d Embalmers
" «    . AGENTS   FOR  ' ■    -   ,  -jg
Tlie .Calgary   Marble   8i   Granite  Works     "  jg
The   Kootenay    Marble   Works,    Nelson       _'ft
Samples Can be Seen at the Office.     \ Parlors in lundy's Block JS s
W^lrt ■tt#W&?Zfitt#™&Wttv$i*
flluiijii  DniKOii, I.ociitor
.Iiiiiiih ("iiincroii,   Atfi-nt
Fernie    B.C.
Cor, Wood & Baker Street
.- y ~4iw*Mmf,
Nn" (liiiiiliieiiclnu (it ii pii-t iiluntcil .it tliu
lifillliwi>«t rorlici- of ,luin('s I'ulriiiinr'h llllil'i-r
I'llll II. Ilinlll'i* ll'Ttllt' I'llllill-,, llimicii cu»t HI
cliuins, tliimcii siiiitll M'l I'linliit. tlmlir.i west
Hii'liiilPn tniilni f hiitlnntiiit    ■
|,iif>iilt'i| |'i>I riliiiv I. I'i>i7
.   .1    It.   I'olinclt,    lili'lltOI-
,!uiiii"> t'uiiici.'ii, Awiit
S'n v ('niiinii'iv-liiit "t ii i'('-t phmlc'l ul tlio
•iiiiiliw.»l miiii'1-nl .Inine- Kiilcuiier's tiint'cr
i-lulni.'lii'iii" iinrtli *' cliHlii'.i tlicii'* w.i'i M
ciniilH, llunii'c ^initli h,i <>IihIii« thein-i' eil>.t Ko
i-linlii .♦m.lun- "f ' *-irlei,t'i •
I.-irii'ii'l 1'iiliriiiiry 4 V»i'
I'lmili", WhIiIih. Loi-itlnr
■Inin*** <'iimer>iii, Airmit
Nii-i Ciilinni'iii-liii.' fit ■' I"1*' lilniiti'il two
tofli" nnrlli of I lio lmrllinii'.l corinii-"f ,1. 11.
|>.ii|ni<l,'« timber cl.iliii, tlii'iiii' s.uilli HU)
I'lnitiii.tliinice mi<t iiieliiitnu.thi'iiciHiortli Irtil
i-lilllii*, tllllir," i»»t;  \* i'llllill"   "I   (illli'H nf 1""
1/llllllllK-    ,. .
I i,r..ilf .1 K.,»,rnurl' 'I   I'i'C
A. I- l-'i-li-r, l.ocnlor
.I'll.,, PlllllMllll       N.'l'll'
X« in rmiitni'lii-iillt At » I'"-* I'Iihi'j-'I a I Hi*
iin'tli''if.ti'(irii<>rnr A.I. KIOiiirMtiii'mrcUltn
iIiiiik-a wet *./«»i/.ii.«.;?.. i" f ti- )*Si -» ' h',lj.>,
il.,.|.,(l,.ii«t Unclmitm, llifiicii sunt It Mu i'liilm
Cigars, Tobacco,
Cigarettes & Pipes
Tlioro Ih only onoplaco lu town
wlmrcyot, cun uetRocxl rollublo
".dixit! In nur lino, tliat itt ut
W, A,  INC.RAM, l'rop,
Pkiiiic 91,       .       -       ftn-la, n, C,
How to Fish, when to Fish, the kind of Tackle
to buy, where to buy it and where to buy it the
'best. All this information thrown in gratis,
with every dollar's worth of Tackle purchased at
The Palace Drugstore
Nr B* Our stock is complete, well bought and well
assorted. Outside stores can get their supplies from
us  to  advantage.
\ Hn,
• ' '   —    1-   •■■-   »      imc hi I lie   jMiipvi   iiiiiiiinii   nn-     k'hii
try .supplied wilh fuel, and    not     Ui | wj,jf|, \m \ WT1 flf|i-c«iil u, win. Tlt.it
throw ihiMr mincfi irtlo iii-rioilimlly un
has been the case ior ten yenr«
tlirim_rh npllltliig Imiru, nr treatinu
tKvir cinployeet in Midi n manner nn
tu lost llieir confidence and render an
nmicalile a]>re«ment Impracticable.
Th-.-it t.Iit'io C(incIui:lonti are juiitifi-
alile in tiorne out hy the attitude of
th« Pacific Coal u>m.i.iuy, which will
ultimately |« the (argent producer of
coal in the wtii, and which has already nignifit'd its Intention of l«*ep-
jiiijt it» minej in operation under any
 r ,      .....     ...       jiiTi'imiM.iX'vrv, and, 3f n«T.«*ry,     of
arc Vame of th« reiulu of ia iatetitff  th* Coal Owi-ers' awociattoa.
liver. AtVt your doctor if he endcuet
Aur'a Pills in thete cuei. Tb* dM*
ii smill, one px\\ tl (xdn'me.
—'Ti-r-r""*" *r—— ■**"
-1 iUv* uttur iliitn I liitiiml lo ii|i|>lv in tlm
I'liiuf Ci'iiniiliiioiiHr nf liHiiilt nnil WurkH lur
|n<rinU«liiii in |iiir<<lnuu tlm fiillfiwliiu ilnkiirlli*
nl l,iin!>,
t'liiiinimii'lnir nt n pimt (in wimt hIiIii nfKIL
Itivni I <>t wi'Mi MorrlHuey unit Kiko. ,11 I.,
iin-t nuilli (.I tliu inuiitli of Tuiiiiiil rr*«l<,
llii'iii-c went fiiilinlni.Jlii'iii'D north in i'IiiiIiih,
ll.i-lii'A ■•ii^t 4'l i'llllill* tn Kile Utvot, tlii'ilir
-.nii'li I'i fliiiln* (liiwn Kill UWiir to pliicti of
lllll.-<,  i.KHJlll-.IC
lliiii,'! nl l'»nil».H  •'., Mnfi'li«,V.H1     ' u.U-7
To Consumptives
lie   gtx\t as nn    ilfiistt.iti.ut nf    tlu-
artv I'ttttlc; of ttxlay. nnd jjIchiIiiI
for men to rise aliove party and ,to
stand lur principle not mily to is-
t'tliH»1itlif fi.icrei'ncss nf  tlie property
HORSlvMliN,     MV.M)    THIS
i,-. my "tallies fcr ovtr a vc.ir. and
...inidu il the VKR.Y UliST lor hois*
•"*>'*, I Ciltt j*t, -n«*d w<-fl',d •-.H'K.ts^lv
rrfvimm'-ttd it  to nil  h.iMitn.n
c.v.xi. iiorr,).
I.ivcry, Ktalileu,     Qfu-l.cc. «)5  to   i'1?
Ann Urn t.
JiiiiiC'.   ('.ini./oi., Airi'n'
Null I'liiiinmiicltiirii' n »*'* plui tj-,1 »!»*■
i.Hh-. li'.rtliof tlif lif'r'liwc»t/i'fli'-r(it .1 I..
Mplii»vri>*> llinli'-r t-IJtlin. llii-nrn *.iltli 1"'
.Iniin'., Ilii'lli-K cii-t 11 fliiliii". ltii!iif«-ti'ir»1i l'V
.■ImllH, tlirllin wi*t *'i i IimIii- »*i l Im *■ nf
W. ,r, llliiii.tcll. L.-w-iliri
'iimi'i. ««ni.'T.ii, Atri'tii   tlie mo;iB-H ol cure.   To thoiip who of
The itiifIiT>il|rne«1 having been restored to health l»y ■itnple means,
after MiiHcrlBK Ior sevcrul years wilh
u sevire lun_{ adection, und lhat drctid
dineaiK* CONSUMPTION*, in atxious
lo make known to hii felloe kuflerem
Statk or Ohio, Citv ok Toi.kdo
IiiKUN County  '
Ifrank J, Chewy mtxkm oath that
lie is senior partner ol tli« firm ol Y.
J. ChMMy & Co., doing httilnm in
the City oi Toledo.'Couiity »nd SUte
alortsaid, and that uld linn will
pay tht Bum ol 0N1C UUNDvKl)
D0LI,AHB lor aach and every innc. ol
Catanh that catiaot bt cured hy ihe
tiM ol Hall'* Catnrrli Cure,
yUANK J.  •:ill*s'rtV.
Sworn to Mora tuts and .u**.'ilbed
ia my preaeace, this (>th lay ol I'i-
cemlier, A. I). iNi/i.
A, W.  JI-KA"* IM.
(Saul) Notary 1 rHIc,
Hall'*, Catarrh    Cura ii tUo   in*
U;uili>„ w-J *tb .!'.rtrt!jr  <■'•   '«<•'
Hood and    wticotifi wrtarni 11     .he
ayittw.  Send lor tMtlmoi'.tla    <<t
Y. J. CHBNBY k CO., "Mrr   0
Sold hy all DniRgiiU, 50c.
Take Hall'B Vamily Pflli h( *on
Vr. U lli.iiiwinii<'l»l» H» » \'>'1 I'li't't"! W
i'lmili* wi-.tfrmn t.i« ii..ii..i-»»l ...ii.ui ..1 M..V.
KH,tii.f'»lui'l"-r rliiliii.tliciii*■«(■•' mi lihln.
tli.-r(-»n"rtlt*,n*t'Hi«i».,!"'»,',l",-I *" 'li*''".
tln-l-cc-Mi'li *» oh«li>* t„ ltln.-r "-f 1J .'I' :>>i'«
l/vaict ViX.ivry ti. I ""
II,   ,1,    .f.lllliuill.  I.O' ,.tl,t
.l«m«- ('mm ffii.   Aih-nit
vire it. he will cheerfully »«d (free of
thari:*) a copy ol tbe preacriptirm
iimiI, which they will find « cure for
coNsntprios.    asthma,    ca-
TAKKll, ltHONCIIITIR and all throat
and  Itini* MAI«ADIK,S.   lie bopea all
Uiiitra'a *U«iarMt for tab nwytm
tgJlSZuCtX'&S ^t^'i.t'xx JJs.ilI.-rer*. will try tfci** Ue»n«ly. «»
^^:%,T^x:^'X.ii:t^i::^ I"" iavahaWe.   T»^e ***xt*z th«pre-
** /• ItMin*. Ih^ti*"* »i.utlt *♦• rtmifiii   l<<   l>l*r«
nl l.ivinrilrf
l<nr»l*t J/«».fOHrj/  It. l'*«
K *>4t J»w,#» r«m»r<.n, A*»flt
scriptioa, which will coat Ihem roth
in«, and may prove a !>t««ii»Ki   will
\tou* oAAnm
M. Kerr & Co;
Contractors and Builders
Plana. Hpeclficatloni «nd K«ti-
nataa lurniihed on application,
Pleiiv  of OOOD  DRY   WJM-
U. \. KKRR.
Atchitcct     and Superintendmt
Otlire  at  Heaidtnte.
■xvtm nt..   .   -   imwriit.ic
In evorv live iown in the
district wo want a fronts
lor The l.etijrcr. Wc
pay liberal commissions
io, jj'-'oi'l. live men on
.'ills., Mihscripiions and
job work sent into this
office, Gel in o\\ this,
Business MniuKct*
U'tlKer,   Pernie,   U. C. -s ■_ JiJ"SHH5!K"HH5KHSHP"PBi
i fi*l**y L.l.?*&^£&*^ »*^.*jai
Vancouver  Paper   Tells   the   Governments of the Dominion, ABberta
' «  and B.C. a Few Things
is that, the Ontario legislature , have
tho -courage to carry out' the Beck
plan of a public-owned distribution
plant and to give every town and
municipality its' own local-, plant.
When this is .done the' people of Ontario for all' time will have cheap
powcr.eheap light, . and eventually
cheap heat without the intervention
of a-middle-man, who; besides being
a middle-man,  has  the    still'   wprsc
fW paramount  duty  confronts *the * l.roke the law, first allowed the cbri-
.     ^     ■  •        aii,.;-  if aeration    "to  gain'   headway,    sits
government, of the-Domin.on,  Albei - : i£ ^g   ^^ 7 ^  ^
ta' and British Columbia, thejevera. ; ^impendillg.   An  earthquake,   - a
a serious  Hood  would
Y «
'. pie,   but a" strike,
nounce- judgmeat is 1,463. This represents the nuinlier of shipments over
the Chicago and Alton railroad "by
Llie Standard. Oil company made from
Whiting, Ind.,.to St. Louis, when the
legal freight rate was eighteen cents
per xoo pounds, but which was shipped for the Standard at six cents.
"Even at the minimum fine fixed . by
law, the ■ amount'' to ^be assessed
against  the  Standard  will  be $1,000
characteristic of  corrupting  our  var-j'ou eadi of'these counts, or $1,463,000
ious  political  institutions,   our public J while under ,the. maximum punishment
-ccul    companies  operating      in>    the
o r    ., "... -^r'eat fire or
Crow's Nest valley and neighborm-i -^ [orth' tvc>ry energy, of, these peo-
areas, anli the leaders of tne men >ylu, ;i ^ but ^ ^.^ which wLn provCi
have-laid down their tools. That ■^ „._. ,llrcatly proving, *'infinitely
duty ia to get the men back to work . ^ cosUy ■ lhil._ any 0f these is' alas quickly as possible. Already _ one 1 ^ ^ nm ^ course_ ■
ot the greatest industries in British, Truli >appialls are i^ing made to a
Columbia  is paralyzed by  the  cessa- . ^^  ^^  as   lhe  ^ {or lhe  pi.c.
ollicials  and  our newspaper  press.
1   The  electric  ring .would, Le  in    Ontario what the coal  barons .are  • in
1 cnnsvlianiu.—Totonto, World.
tioii  of  supplies of  coal and     coke,
but  the  disastrous idleness now     en-;
forced    in  the mining^ and     smelting
towns of the Kootenay is a     minor
evil > compared   with      the  calamity
about  to befall  the whole of  Western
Canada.   Proximity  to the mines   of
Vancouver Island relieves us in. Vancouver from fear of shortage of coal
so far as our own industries and  so
far as transportation in British   Columbia arc- concerned,  but since.it is
only    a question of     days, - even,, of
hours before the Northwest,  from the
Rockies     to  Manitoba,   is   completely
tied    up,   Vancouver  is  vitallyn    and
directly affected.   As a result of careful   inquiries made both' locally ' and
through its correspondents'in Alberta
and Manitoba," The World  is compelled    to   accept it as a practical certainty that by the end of this month,
whenlocal  stocks  will  have  been    depleted,   no coal will be available • for
industrial   or  domestic   purposes  east
of the Rocky Mountains   nor   'in   the
. Kootciiays,   and   that  on   the  prairies
and  in Eastern  British  Columbia  all
that" is  available will  be  required for
■ the - working, of. passenger and mail
traffic, and possibly a little of the
most important freight. Needless to
say, not a car. of luml>cr will be
moved east, nor will the materials
required  for'-    the 'work of  industrial
, (development be brought west. • One
<.f the great arteries of the Nortli-
■.wtst, tlie Canadian Northern, 'has
not enough' coal on hand to keep its
locomotives  moving   until   tomorrow,
■ while,, as' stated in the despatches,
the C. P. R. is confiscating all the
private _ shipments of coal  in process
-"of—transportation:  ~
Suvh is    'the situation ,at a time
, ■_ when immigrants are crowding into
' the Northwest, when the demand for
. lumber is so great that under the
best conditions it could not be adequately met, when the arrears of
business which have accumulated during an extraordinarily     hard winter
■ "are still waiting to be wiped oil, and j
when, but for the check, • the     entire
west    was on the eve of a busy and
prosperoua season.
That Western Canada is about to
cx_«r'euce the worst calamity which
ltaa ...befallen it in years is the inevitable conclusion to which the facts
point. Ivittlcor uu coal means little
or no transportation, which iu its
" turn, means a cessation of industry.
both because raw inateriul is unprocurable and because manufactured
products cannot be delivered to the
couauiiKsr. Nevertheless, so far" as
tliu responsible authorities of the
country are concerned, the catastrophe might be about to happen
iu Ike moon. The legislature at Victoria is iu seaaion, bul not a word
baa been suid on a subject which
.shortly will occupy the public mind
to the exclusion oi all others. Parliament ia slttitiug at Ottawa, but
tbe only action no Iar taken by the
Dominion government is the sending
of an UMxpuricaced olliciul to thu
Crow's Ntst valley. The Alberta administration, which, by neglecting to
take action when lhe Tuber operators
veutiou of strikes and lockouts, a
proceeding which might have been
useful ln»d the,Taber mine owners
been, indicted the moment they closed
their mines, but which, now ' that
thousands of men have left their
work, is utterly futile. True, also,
Mr. Ijndsey, whose opposition to
unionism is largely responsible for
the trouble, prophesies smooth things
but Mr. Mndsey has lost all title to
be'listened, to at 1 this juncture, and in
any event is not anxious for government interference. If the authorities
aie relying upon the men by and by
obeying a law which the employers
were allowed to defy with impunity
or upon the optimistic reports of the
operators, they are trusting to vain
things and are losing time • worth
thousands of dollars'an hour. The
situation is not one which can be
handled by a deputy from the labor
department, but one which' ' requires
immediate and vigorous action by
the best men. "that can be obtained
for the task. Ministers of the crown
from Ottawa, Edmonton and ■ Victoria should be now on their way to
the Crow's Nest determined that a
temporary settlement should be affected at,-once, and that the merits of
the dispute should lie dealt with aft:
erwards. _''    ,
.Restoration of confidence on ' the
part of the men is' the crying' need of
the moment. I^et them receive guarantees, thai their cause will be.fairly
arbitrated and that the companies
will abide the award., It will not-be
necessary to ask that the men also
kiye guarantees, nor, since tlie "companies have-opposed the unioas can
they-1 ie"""eflecfi vely- given
II our readers could spend one
morning looking throjj.1* "I* tellers
received from all over Cuiiada by the
Zatti-Utik Co., it would bring home
to them with Irrcwtible (orcu the
healing virtues ol this great household balm. Old women, young womtn
wives, mothers and even young girls
have something to way about '/.a -
link und how it did this or tlmt iu
their home. Mnny of tlicw writers
give permission to make extnictn
Irom their grateful testimony. I'roin
llieae the following were taken nt
"1 was troubled for Home weeks
with s.iltrhviim in hands and virnis
sad wna lifting a Halve which did mc
1'tl'l   immvI     f*m   r»rr.|Hmr   <i   rurtnlv nf
* * * (tl C> fir
y.em-NuU I applied It, nnd it raillv
neemed to act like mngicl The itching ..nd burning conned, mul in n lew
day* the akin wna cleared nnd
healthy." So writes Min* Ii. A.
Vtitlrlwrrt ni Vnrlli Konpol
;,, "Three lioxts of Zuni-Utik cured
tne of Ec/.cmn, from which I had ,m(-
fered a long time. So siiyn Mrs.
Gladden, of .W(im>iivllle. Que.
'•ZatH-IJiik cured n case ol blood
poieon in my family, nnd [ wish tn
thank you for the great blessing it
huh proved," is the effect of a letter
from Mrs. Webb, ol Doveicourt,
Aud io one could go on quoting ex-1
tract after extract, ihowing how /.mu
Iluk cures chronic gores, ulcers, ab-
Wv-ssci, bad left, itch nnd blood poison: tnkn* the soreness out of cuts
nnd burni, mid grows new, healthy
»Un av*r injnn*d or diseased plnctn.
All Moris and diugglsls sell at lUtv
ctnts a box, or the Z.»m-HuU Co., Toronto, will mail for price.
The~ concession of the open shop wrung from
the miners destroys, the power of the"
union to discipline their members
and so carry out an undertaking. Collective bargaining is impossible when
there is no organization which can
authoritatively represent the, employees collectively. Should there be
an}- hesitancy on the part of the
companies,, should they manifest a
disposition to fight the question out
regardless of • the injury wrought to
half a nation, it will be time to tell
them plainly that after all they are
only the custodians of the natural
wealth of the. coal fields and that il
they "cannot perform their f auction in
the sucial organism without involving
it in inevitable catastrophes, the
work must pass ' into other hands,,
The industry of Western-Canada enn-
nnt lie allowed to remain, „at the
niercy of capitalists who arc reckless of all interests except their own,
so reckless that at, the most critical
moment in a series of negotiations
f-T increased pay they have pouted
notices of a ten per cent, reduction at
their pit heais. The Crow's Nest
I'nss Conl 'company, in particular,
Ims been richly dowered. by the Province of British Columbia, a dowry
which it hns acknowledged by repeated strife with its employee,*!, and what
n province hns given the province inn
take a way. That government ownership of the collieries ia the only adequate remedy for this recuv -nit evil
thr- operators of the valley arc making obvious to the meanest intelligence.—Vancouver World..
o   -■■"■	
The so-cnlled contract lielweon the
Toronto Klectrie Mght company nnd
the Ontario Klectricnl' Development
com pan v, whereby the latter was to
supply'the-former with Niagara power at S35 per horse power for a long
period, is the most significant intimation the public of Oatnrio have
yet received of the designs ol the
electrical ring in UiIn province upon
the suit! people,
This ?3%S is supposed to lie n wholesale rati' irmn one comtimiy lo the
other, iiml tliu public can well imagine that the retail rate to them
■irrwl(| \-f f-n nr m'cv wv hrvp now
or. In other words, wlmt tin* people
might g<:t today for JiH from n "publicly-owned organization they would
have tn pay anywhere from $6a to
$100 per horn* power     lo a   privnte
IMiitinnnlr     Till'   dpsiijn   of   llu-   electric
ring is to put the whole province ol
Ontario under its rule for nil titue.it
anything from $fa> per horse power
per nnnum tip, if they can effect it.
' Do you want power nnd light nt
It-tit- than 5m per horse power, or do
you want to pay a private monopoly
i"'"o tn St00 for it, and to have these
private companies intrrfcring wilh
\our municipal government, with
>otir newap.tpers and all public mil
plnyeie? That h.is been the record
-ii the past and will predominate in
the lutiiri', onlv much more so, if
thii great clictiic ring gets Its feet
'in the nrck of the city of Toronto
.indthe t"wnt and nil the municipalities of the Province ol Ontario.
The only solution for the problem
The situation in !Fernie and British
Columbia could not be better defined
than to quote the ' above—"besides being a middle-man has the still worse
characteristic of corrupting our various political inslotutions, our pub-
lie ollicials and out' newspaper press."
* Fernie is cursed with just such' an
infamous condition, and will be until
it breaks itself loose from the "black
in the face" 'policy which'1 has ■ been
flaunted in our faces with .impudent
assurance for the past two years.
—. <0	
They Sent a Delegate
At a very largely attended meeting
of the Nelson board of trade calle.r
to discuss the labor-situation in this
district and its relation to other industries in this.- and other provinces
last Friday night, the following, resolution .was -unanimously adopted
after an animated discussion:  -
"Be it resolved that this board em-
phat-ically- condemns the prejudicing
of a case about to be referred tb arbitration by acticin "of either party
after application, for' settlement has
been made, • when such action only accentuates differences and calls upon
the government to protect public welfare by* assuming immediate respon-
sibiliey,- and arranging for' the operation of the affected colleries- until
such time as Lhe board of conciliation
shall have reported." 7  -
On this being put to. the.-vote it
was carried with one dissenting voice.
The secretary was then instructed
to send this resolution by wire,,toJtli'e
acting premier, the minister of labor
nnd° minister of mines.
Mr. .Stackey, president of the Nelson _'•> board, was delegated 'to,,
come to Fernie to lie present at the
coiifeiencc of the operators, and mine
workers,- and Mr. R., K. llcattie,; of
the Cranbrook,.board, who was present"';! t  the meeting,  stated  that    the
the.company can be fined $20,260,000,
Before the exact amount is fixed a
motion in arrest of judgment will be
presented and arguedv by the attor:
neys for the defense. It is their-contention" that' only one offense was
committed, - and the maximum fine
cannot be placed at more than $20,-
000. In the motion to quash, made
before the trial, Judge I^andis indicated'an adverse ruling on this question, although" the exact point has
not been passed on, ,. •■
The case against the Standard Oil
company went to the jury after a
trial lasting six , we?ks "and. costing
fully- one-' quarter of a million dollars. '-,'„■
The specific charge against 1 the
Stabdard Oil company is that it accepted a,,'rate of six cents from the
Alton for the-transportation of _its
petroleum oil and its products from
tVhitiiig,',Ind!, to east St. Isolds, 111.,
when the published ""rate^ oh this commodity as •contained, in the ' tariffs
filed with the interstate commerce
commission . was-1 eighteen cents- a
hundred pounds.., Proof of payment of
the six-cent rale was offered by the
government through witnesses from
the auditor's office of the Chicago
and Alori. They .testified that the
amounts due' from the Standard was
figured out on a basis, of eighteen
cents, and that a subtraction of
twelve cents a hundred pounds;, was
made for "overcharge and shrinkage." '■ ,   .      ' ..,-->
The statement sent to the Standard ollice every, two weeks was on a
'oasis - ol six cents a, hundred, pouuds
and proof of payment was complete.
Testimony was offered by the defense
to prove that the Standard Oil company believed that six cents was the
kgal rate.and that there was no intention to violate the law. .
In regard to-the assertion by the
defense that the Standard Oil company did not know - of the existence
of the tarifl on -which the indictment
was. based, Judge Landis said that
tlie evidence submitted by, the -. gov-
erumen' went to show that there "was
tracts, and since that day no contract or agreement has been in existence, and no man has bound himself to work under any understanding
or agreement,whatever.       , '.'''.:
What the Ledger would like to
know," is what is the difference- be"-'
lween interfering with- the private-
right of a man to work or' not, and
the right of a company to shut -down
its mine if it don't think it can
make it pay by operating. ,
"In the case of the company, Sir
Wilfrid I.aurier' is on' record as
against operating brcause it would be
interfering  with "private   interests.
Is a man's, labor a private interest
or is it the property of a company
or a government when he has -not
signed or consented to any agreement
to that effect?
Whicli side oi the Siberian .line are
we on, the inside or the outside?   -
Cranbrook; board would co-operate.^
, So there will- be"'a third, clement
which, though not able--to take :-any,
authoritative action'or participate in
the' actual conference,',present at the
important conference."        " ■
Scribes  and   Pharisees^
Fernie seems   to  be  the  niecca    of
distinguished   personages  just  now.
The all prevailing' newspaper man.
put in. an appearance - early. J.-
Voung Byers, of the Calgary Herald,_
was the first on the ground,, and has
beettfhere and at Coleman since the'
early part of last week.
Mr   De Greves, of     the    Albertan,
put in an appearance Sunday, and-A.'.
h.   Sainsbury,  of'the Winnipeg   Free
Press is also with us. <■-,
Hon. Wm. H. Cushing, minister of
public works'-in'the Alberta govern-'
ment,. arrived on Sunday and has
been busily engaged since- his arrival-
in an endeavor to get at the facts involved in the labor. dispute. -    -   7.
G. G...S. I.indsey, H._ N.iGaleir, S.
M. Moore, 0. E. Whiteside, D. h-
Rogers, of the Operators' association,
arrived on Monday morning's , west
bound, a-iid W. H. Aldridge, A. H.
MacNeil and h. Stockett arrived from
the west, as did also Fred Starkey;
president of ,' the Ne.son board of
trade, and Wm. • Spier,-; of Grand
Forka;. Thos. L. Lewis, vice-president
of the "U. M. W. of A;, came_ in on
the Monday morning train, and all
the the members of the district board
of District 18 are here.
With such a crowd of distinguished
visitora Fernie looks quite capitalistic. "The hotels are full, and the idle'
miners add to the crowd on the
streets. All sides of the controversy
are represented, and 'each man seems
to view the situation through glasses
colored by the interest' he represents.
" * * ... ?
Made from pure, grape cream of tartar
.-   ■ V-   . • ,        .,, ,   _ '.   , '■_'■'
Makes home baking easy. Nothing
can be substituted for it in making, *,
quickly   and , perfectly,  delicate > hot
biscuit, hot-breads, muffins, cake and
pastry. Insures the food against aluirit.
P<**c, Healthful, Reliable
. NOTE.—U mixtures catted baking powder are
ottered you at lower nrice, remember
they are mostly made from alum, a
metallic acid deleterious lo health..
Wc   Know   Their   Gasoline
The Standard Oil company, ' the
world's richest and' most powerful
corporation, was found guilty, in Chi-'
cngo 011 ,a criminal charge of violating the interstate commerce law by a-
federal jury in ..Judge K. M.'i/indis'
branch of the United States district
court. .-.   -   ,
This is the first time the Standard
Oil company, against which the charge
of accepting rebates to stifle competition has been made so repeatedly,
has ever been found guilty on the
charge. The governments victory is
expected by its attorneys to prove a
powerful precedent in cases pending
111 other states against the corporation. ''" „
The number of counts on which
Judge  1 .andis will be called ' lo   pro-
The Honest Physician Is Anxtow
to Cure and Uses the Best
Available Remedies,
The propavy], legislation through
the "Dominion Parliament for thn regulation of tho niiuiufactiiro and sale
bf putont or proprietary medicine* ii
of tho utmost iiiiportiiiico, and It is
receiving 11 Riant doul of nttontion,
not only by tlio propiiotury modioine
iniimifiicttiinrs, lint also by tliu Winding
(loolors mul ilriiiinisU, rlvory manufacturer of tuli,ililu nnd, high oIuhii
roinridinH wnlroincs tlm bill lis n itop
in tlm ritdit dirontinn, Tlio tliseusnion
liun brour.lit out llm fuel Hint tho heat
pliyNiuiiiiiH in ('muni,! nml on tho con*
tiiiont iippnivii of i'iuI proscnlin Vay-
cliinn in eiis"-i oi' IIik tnnM diflioiilt
olim-notci', In 11 recent instnnco of
very stii-intm thrmil niitl hinp trouble
tho pnliiMil. Iiml lif.-'ii ii",iiij' Psychine.
Tivo loading I'niti'd Ktuteit Hpooiallste
»vero eniiMillei), iu mldilinn to imo
iitniiinnt C'tnmtliiiii phyHieiiniN. Upon
learn inn wli.it thn piiUciif was Hump:,
11 winiplo of l'liy'liim* wan ttihen ana
,.;!<,.,,..-1], iuin I,.(■ ii'miil iiml tut)
liliviieintiB ndvi',iw1 iU enntinnnnrn,
'I liny proHerilioil 110 other ineiliainn but
I'-syi'liiiio, with the ivmiU tlmt thu patient lift* fully re1 uvri'il and i> a
1'ile-iidid wnll.'iii'T. nnd tiilliing ndvor-
tisomonfc for the wnmlnrful oiiratitA
power of n rmiH'dv tlmt will "stand
tip" bnlui'o the l.teii'^t profeAiiional
t'ritioitmi and niuilynis. Ah a bnildor
up of thn Nysteni mul restorer of arl
winded conditions, l'syehiuo hu no
oipial, mid the best und iiiohI aarnoat
phyHirinii* ret'tif'iiwo this fiot.
" At Die it«'ie('J'i my Iiiiikh worn In a UrrltsU
itutci, I luiil In mI|ii>i' tlio ynr lnj/ere; It KtU»4
oil my Iiiiikh iiimI I Vi'i'l >.U«iHSy Ktti'AiiiK «r,n
till 1 «ot (Imvnmlmv t vm In bod furKliwNika
t Iik<1 iv i>oii>iiiiiitfiiii nf OrH't/i-tii, unit tlieyMid they
i-miM do iinililiik' iiiiiiu im- mc. Tliuii 1 «UrU*i! to
uio I'njri-h Jno. I looti llu* rncillHne fur more tb»n
t yi'itr.  It i-crtfllnly did woniWri ter ra«. !
•ow *m itrouif u 1 wu li-dire my tfrknuM."
MerpetJi, Oat
Piychine, pronoiinred Ri-keen.iitke
^reaUtt of tonic*, htiildinf* up tho iy»-
tern, inrrenning tho Appetite, purify:
ing the blood, aids riiceition, and ae*»
directly upon tho throat and lunoa,
giriiiR tone and rigor to the entire
BYit*m. >At all driiRRtttj, fiOo. and II.
ot T>f. ¥, A. flloetim, Tinited, Iff
King Sbeei Weet, Teroae*.
a~llepartnient-indthe. Standard ' Oil
company which dealt with oil. in lots*
less_than_one carload, and that 'it
would have, been absolutsly necessary
for the head of this department to be
familiar with the tariff in question.
, —:—.—o—:	
Far up the hillside
The  schoolhouse  stood, <
Back in the depth of
The singing, wood.
With hum of lessons
With children's voices   ,,
The room was fill'd;   '
The soft air thrill's.,    "
., 'Twas- hard to study
Each sunny day,
When daisies beckon'd
To childish play.
And down the hillside
The rippling brook
Secm'd  laughing,  laughing,
At rule and book.
There yet,is standing
Far up the hill,
A low, brown schoolhouse
.So dim and still.
The desks are empty
From day to day,
As if the children ,
Were out at play.
'    The dust litis heavy
On wall nnd floor, .
And spiders weave in
The o]>eii door,
The songs of blutWrds
Unheeded pass;
Across the pathway
Grows, tall, sweet grass,
And down the hillside
Tho lonely brook
Seems calling, calling
From shaded nook,
-Aline II. Trlplette.
'  '    O ■'■""
I.nst winter, when some one proposed In the house of commons at
Ottawa that the government take
over and operate the coal tnlaes in
the interest!) of the public, Sir Wil*
frid I.aurier objected, on the ground
tlmt such nction would interfere with
privnte intercut*. Since then a bill
has liten placed on the statute book
which is mild to lie a step towards
iinpnivcincnt (l ol labor disputes
in Hitch a way as to protect tbe public interest,
Hy the application of tie principles
and proviitilons of this bill it is propositi to compel men to keep at work
whilhcrlhcy are willing or not, Ditto
the operators.
This might do where men or tlte operators are under contract, but how
.tbotit interfering with private rights
when it is proposed by this bill to
lompel a man who has made no
agreimrnl with anybody to work.
Thi.se miners, or tlte largent ones
in this dispute, have no contract with
their mm at any rate or price under
any regulation to keep at work, AH
the contracts lapsed the last day of
March, after efforts had been made
under the pmv.tion* of tlte agree,
meats to mew er auk* a*w   coa-
N" OTICE'is hereby*kivph Unit thirty days
1 uftor iliilp Itntuiul to iipply to tlio Hon-
ounible Chief. Commissioner of Ijiinila and
Works for a Ki)«-iallicer.se to cur and carry
away timlier from the following described
lands in soulli-eiist Kootonay. •> ,
No. 1.   CoiiimenciiiK at 11 post planted in tho
nurth-west corner of James Falconer's timbor
claim, thence north 8A chains, thonce wost TO
chains, tlience south 80 chains, thence oast 80
I chains to place of beginning. ■'' 0
Chnrlos Waldio, Locator
.Tallies Cameron.   Asont
Located Feby 4,1A0" A 13-It ,.
No.ii CommonchiK at, a post iilaiitod »liout 7
mllos west of tlio Kootenay river, ten chains
nortii of the International boundary, thonce
oast 100 chains, thonce nortii 40 oliniiis.thenco
wostl (io olniins,.thonco south -in cliuins to
place of bofflnntnR.
J. X) Gordon, Locator
James Cameron, Agent
Now that the Sewers are
going in, you will;, o surely
put some plumbing in that
house of youro.
Bring your enquiries to us
ami bring them now, so we
can get your job fixed up
properly before the big rush
■•comes.;' .:  -V   ;.■
■ *  ' - " "       •     ?-
Estimates   cheerfully   given
■ "     * . • _ -,     >,     .,.,.■•-
Located Api 11.1,1007
A 18-It
NOTICE h lioroby Rivtm ■ tlmt SO days after
(Into I intend to apply to tlio Hon, (thief
Commlssiono!' of Lands and Works, for a
bpooial Hconso toctitiind carry niruy timber
on tlio following dosorlbed limits, siliiutcit In
South Kust Kootor.ay.
No. 1 ComiiienotiiR at a post, planted on
Iron Creak, about 2 miles nortii west of A,
MiidDouriiU'h post planted 011 tho lCust of
I.alio on ITartwoll Creek, tlionoo Mi chains
Sou tli; tlionoo go chains Kust.; 80 chains North
SO cliains west to pluc» of oomiiioncoinont,
Tiocatod April 4,1SW7, A, Miithtosoii, Locator
It, Klomliiff, AroiU
No, 2 Commoiiiilnif ut a post planted on tho
north wost oornor of A, MathinsniiN timber
olajm tlienoe Wost ko cliains; tlionoo nortii
R0 cliuins: tlionoo wost fW chains,' tlionco
Smith Wliihiiiiis tn pluou of coiiimoiiiieniont,
Loi'iitod April -1, KK17 J, II. Look, Looutor
H  Klomliiit,  AroiH
No 8 Commonulnir ut a post plimtod on
tho South Wust oornor of ,f, 11, Look's timber
nlutin, tlioniio West ROfhitlns; thonco Norlh
HOidialns: tliiiiioii ICusI, 80 ohains 1 tlionoo
Houtli Hiiulmlns to pliioii of ponimoiiomnont,
Located April 4, l!«)7, C .1. l)l«hy, Locutoi
It, FlomliiR, Akciii
No. 4 OommonoliiR nt u post plnntml nn
the Huiilli Kast, (junior of 0 ,1, Uiitby's timber
claim, tlionco South Hi) chains 1 (lionet West
HO chiiins 1 tlionoo North Hit chains; thonco Kast
HO chains to plnoo . oriinmoncuinont,.
Located April 4, KKi7, J. 11. Look, Locator
II. Flomtnn Agent
Nn, E,' ConimouoliiR at a post nliinlotl 10
cliuins Houtli of» post pluntoil on tlio Nnrlli.
Kast corner of J, II Lock's timbor oliilm
tlionoe South M nhnliiH 1 tlionoci Wost. HO
chains 1 tlionoo north bu chains; ilionno Kust
H0 olialna,' to plnoo of ooiiininiicninuiit.
Located A(iri< 4,11107, C, ,1, Dlifby, Loontor
II, I'MiiniiiiK, A«ont
No,'(1 OflminenoliiR nt 11 post, planted on
the North Kant <inrii(irnfC ,1. DIrIi.v's tlmhiir
olftlni, tlionoo South ho chains; tlionoo Kust no
chains; thuico north Hilohiiiiis | tlionon West
»lohulns 1 to plnoo of i-oninioiiRoiniiiit,
IiiKiuted April i, 11107, , A, Mittlitosou, Lociitnr
iiHO-4 ,    It' FImiiIiir,   Aitout
Oo ■' ■'•
Want a
i    (i
1 t ^
If you do get out and sell the
(. , Ledger. The hoy, girl or adult
who sells the largest number
per week gets a" good- Jack-
Knife:' during the month of April
and then wc have a monthly
prise which is sure to be good.
Special inducement for the girl
who sells the Ledger. You can't
sell us very often but you can
The Ledger
V t
• '■'■
"    !
.   1
.' -'
--> -     1
C«ml.—(Vinl limils may Im purchased nt *\»
iiornorn for noft. ('mil nnd Ml) fur untliriioltn.
Not more than 8*1 iicicit cun lie iioqulro'ttij
»mt Individual or company,  Iloyiilty nt tlio
lie oollootiiit 00 tliu RroNNiiiitput.,
tiuuiXii- A Iri-v jjjJj.i;'* I'ljIJUi-uli, J«a'juI]Im1
upon payment in advance uMfl por iiiini'm 'or
no fniliviijinil, iiml from -,'into >lui|cr iiniii'in
for a company iiccnriliiiK to capital,
A froo mlnnr, havliiMdibODVi'rod ininaral ill
place, iiuiy I in: 11 to aoliilni 1,,-HO k 1,,'iiiofoot,
Tho (on for roourdliiK unliitm Is 41.
.\t l«ii"l ;ion>niuH,(. ivr,i,i,,li, 1 1,1, Mm Miilm
aii eii your *r paid lo tho tnitiiiiR i-ccm-dw In
lion tliertiif, When *,V>I Ims imen oxpsndb/t or
putd, the locator moy, ii|ioii linvintru mu'/oy
inndo, mul upon eoniplylim with other ro-
fiulruiiionts^iiirchaio the land ut»l an Hero,
Thu [intoiit prnvlili's fur tliu piiyiuont of a
roynlty of <| |ht coin nn M10 ttiltis,
1'i.ai-UK mlnltiR olAlnm (innorully nr* 10.1 foot
mpiHro; »ntry foe IA ronownblo yiiarly,
A ficit m(ii«r may olitutn two lnncti t<>
driidit* furinild of IIvk inllt-ooflili for a <«rm of
twenty tfnrH,r«n«witlilent tho dlsorulloii of
lie Alliili'i-r tit tlm Litorlor.
Tho Iikhou oliiill lmve h drodRii In iiiiiiriitltm
within on«kuu«in from the ilitto of thv li'imo
(or each ilv* inilnm. ItimUl tl'iiwriinnum tor
clitb iniin of i-her J**Mi'1. ll-oynltyjit Jim
iBttiof K| per cm t iiolli'cfod nn tlio nnf put 11 f.
W. W. COttHY.
Otawtv WaJstar al tat laUriar.
N.   ».—VasfitlMtNretf  *Mh4itwitioM  ol
tins advertistauat will aot *bs paU
1    j   11.1  .   11', u'? ■ ^.|"l'^""^■ j
SPRING   1907
May we Have Your Order?
Everything in Paper hangings.    Burlaps in
special colorings, wall decorations, ect.
House painting,  sign  ami carriage work a
specialty.   Our cndoavor~-to do only first
class work.
Uiuu4'i Uawaat Cam sl«a*slfl*.
Ripe Tomatoes
and Lettuce
We have received a
splendid line of the
<■ above and we will be
pleased to turn them
over to vou at a reasonable price.
McDougall & Co.
Fall lino of Tobacco A Cigars.
Cleaned and curled.
Old feathers made to
look like new. Feather
Boas a specialty. Mail
orders promptly attended to. Moderate prices
Mrs. C Douglas
Box 300 Fernie . ll
;;..; fernie ledger, fernie, b. c._, April 27,1907
Xew [York city pays iii salaries "to
its more than 50.000' servants S13?.
■each minute* in Uie day-.''
The  white population , ol New   Zealand 'is now. Si'o.coo,  having increased,
117,000 in llie la.sr-fivc* years."
■i'lii government     railways    revenue
' last   year ■ of   ihe State of Victoria,
Axisa-alia.^was llie largest,on record,
being after payment'of  the    interest
51,025,000.  'The  state's  export      last
year' increased liy  nearly "S2o,ooo,coo.
l,ast year there were made  inSwit-
' zeilaud   11,462,071   nickel   and ,' metal
watches",   3,135.991   silver   and'  1,010,-
Si0a  g°'d  watches. ' ,
.   C:  J., Bakeri  of Danville,   111.,    one ■
-r.i a dozen trainnitn and engineers ar- "
jiving  recently  in  New'Orleans'from
Panama, said that between  1,200 and ;
j ,500   engineers,'     fuxiueii,   -traimnen j
■and criiiiesin'en unjiloywl on Uie: canal j
have iisUd the coinniission for an in-
-creiise.iii wages -and 'have offered their
'.resignations     it'    the'  raise    i.s    not
;graiuted. . ,- ,
Uy a vale of 65 to. 7, resolutions
-were adopted liy tlie San Francisco
.lal'.or council recently,' condemning
th'C rinunicipal government and tliose
■ollicials ' who have lietraye:! "their
■.trust,' and calling . for the". vigorous
prosecution of ' every, comiplionist,
. .brii.e-givcr, as well as bribed officials. 0 ,
, ..The' British house" of commons has
■■vote' tlie second reading of labor
-member Ramsay MacDoiiaUVs bill lor
lhe piovision of meals 'to school,
■children',-in Scotland, It is expected
:u._ hard, fight will be made-lo , prevent
the bill's final passage.
'Relief works to employ 3,000 men
"have been'established in the Chinese
'" famine centres. The English-American relief fund amounts to 5250,000.
■ Pathetic were the,words of Senator
Teller of ■ Colorado ■ when, at a Dcino-;
icr.itic conference at Denver, on the
'.28th, he spoke \vith\ intense emotion
'•of- the..sale o[ a. great ollice whicli he
jh'ad' once honored,, and'to which the
'isams '' Republican party had-elected1
ihim—a Colorado' scat in the United)-
(States senate.. ■. But froni' such , extremes of political degradation' as
iGuggenheim:s purchase of a senatori-
.al chair imply, wc may hope for bet-,
.ter things.- As' moral "as well, as
;physical- evils are most obtrusive and
■offensive hu the" period of their decay,
:so  an  era of blatant-, corruption   ■ is
-.richer-in,, hopefulness.-than the era of
*,     "1 -
-.virtuous , pretense which usually precedes it. __ ' , * - ' 7
• Small wondcr~tliaT~fhe unioiPiiatrng-
'Chicago Employers' .association ,at-
ltempt-ed lo- block.-the "industrial ■ ex?
' ihibit in tliat- city. The, sweatshop,
(conditions tliat were reproduced and
U*hc general misery that "they revealed, 'or which sonic of the-very "best
citi/ens" connected'with the Employ-
associalion arc re'sponsib.e, have
the people of, Chi-
was in a fix and had to surrender, to
the demands "of. the. non-union union
"orcall back its old employees on the
latter's' terms.. ' It gave in to the
non-union union, probably with .the
idea that it was adopting the'wisest
temporary expedient. - Hilt there i.s
"more trouble, ahead bf "the,, company
Latest leports are",lb. the- effect .that,
ihe n n-uiijoii union is going to.apply'
in a body for admission to the real
union. - -. _    '  „,
Secretary of State Whalen, of New
York, while addressing a mass meeting in Troy,' New York, a few days
a o, spoke as follows regarding the
use of the union, label:      *   ■■' ,, ■ .
-'I want lo say-a word on .union
lalels. You speak, ofwhal this one
does-and what that "one ou'giit to do,
but. you ought ,,to see that a "little of
the fault lies-. .with yourself. The
women scramble ' for'' some ,- bargain
just because' if is cheap, but' they
never think' how .Uie. goods arc nian-
u'acturod.' Tlio white label was,
adopted in Calikiriiji'a' thirty-edJjjJvt
years ago by the Cigarmakers'-1 union,
and people were told to look out'for
Uie while label, because there was
danger Irom : catching leprosy Irom
tobacco that did not bear it.       The
Owing, to-there being a competition
of the main liars of the town ' at
SLork's opera house Tuesday evening,
all the sports ' assembled at that
place instead of ' enthusing on the
baseball question. They, probtably
thought a good hot lie was more em--
braeing for a" snowy night than base
ball. The meeting was adjourned until Monday evening 'next in order to'
give ihe fans a chance to warm up.
Xow don't forget -the meeting of
baseball cranks next Monday, evening at 8 o'clock at the Napanee. Ed-'
m'onion is "getting anxious as to all
those imported . players they -have
bvard we have ou hand, aud feel that
Kernie can give-them ■ the''game ' of
lhe season. - So wc can ; all "that is
necessary, is to organize, organize,
organi/.e! And do that on Monday
night.   Are you with us?
We can advertise the town on the
sport line as well as any other.' Who
would ever have heard ol Calgary if
one day they had noUlaken a fall but
of the Edmonton teani. Then .there
is lhat bunch of sports, the Kenora
hockey twin—they have made Kenora
better known than . even the summer
resort    cry.    We can     make    Kernie
blue label of  today does'-not -   mean .known as lhe home of good,     clean
to look our for leprosy, but it docs
sigiiifytiiat lhc goods arc not" made
by children. The tobacco trust cm-
ploys 16,000 children'under fourteen
years of age, . Do .you practice what
you'preach?. Do you here iii. Troy us?
only goods'bearing.the union label'
I' know'for a fact tliat brands 0;
tobacco are. used-here that arc mad«
liy the trust, in many cases the work
of, child labor. '_ *'     ■-'    • 7."
■-"The women, should .make it the
style to go' out1 aiid demand the unior*
label. Think what it would accomplish if they. did. .Perhaps none of
your children work in the mills ,_and
factories,' but'.remember that children just as dear to their mothers as
yours are at work stripping tobacco
in the factories. Here is an Associated Press ' dispatch," dated' Philadelphia in -April'of last year. ,,,It: tells,
of a tire in a factory where .the doors;
were all closed and locked,*'making it,
impossible-for the little workers to
escape.   After  the  article  tells    how
'sport and. so.let us go ahead and do
so. We have lhe talent, wc have the
experience,, and,, mctliinks,' we have
.the mon. Let us advertise, the town
and make the name of Fernie ..known
outside of 'the coal question. Now all
'together,, pull I
In the Ledger, of April 13 appeared
a challenge from" "some gent ' '• of the
name of Edwards, stating he' would
meet any man in British Columbia,
Burrows'preferred... The item came
in envelope-and on letter'paper bearing the"name .of the Bartlctt House,
Nelson,.but no name'signed to' tlie
challenge. o,' We took a chance and.
punished it. .Three days after ;' we
heard from Jjm Burrows, . and at
once wrote the Bariletl. house, telling
them of lhe reply" and asking for
word from than io time for pur' issue, of April 20. We asked the • proprietor, of .the-Bartlett house if he
the firemen ,_did their, work, a list is | Was backing Mr. Edwards, and if not
givei> ot eight'little'bodies found ' in i to lct'Mr.'E., or his backers, know,
the ruins.   One was 12-years of age, i-at once.   We have not as yet'  heard
from   the  -'Nelson- would-be,   so   are
lieinij commented on nil
nol only horrified
ca;so, but are
oi'cr the country, , Even the in>,st
■hardened,.plutocrats l-uve grown r.ct
vous ns they learned what kin 1 " ni
clothing they wear and how some of
their food productsi are prepared in
-, the open sweat-shops uniler the widest
■possible "free" contract conditions.
The street car employees of Portland, Ore., struck for a slight -nd-
wnnce in wages. ■ After a few days
',there was partial operation of the
icars by strike breakers, With the
.-assistance of company aflicials the
:fltrikc breakers organized a union ol
'their own- When 1)10 union was well
•organised tlie ""'scabs" gained full
icontrol awl ousted tlte company of-
tficia*3. Then the ltoii-iui.oii' union
tmadc n demand upon the company
(far an advance of'3 cents an hour in.
wages—an increase much greater than
■asked by the .strincr.s.   Tliu   company
Can lie Banished    by Uie Uieh,    Red
Wood  Dr.    Williams'   l'ink    Pills"
Actually Make,
Tito health and happiness of growing girls and women of mature years
depends upon llie blood supply. There
is n crisis in the life of every woman
when   there  is    distressing  lieadiu-lies
,-nnd backaches; whin life seems a bur-
I'dcn nud     whin    some   women hw-ui
-, threatened with even the loss of their
.re-awn.   It is at litis pi-riod that Dr,
AVJllinini*' l'ink Pills prove n blesnin_,<
■.to women.   Every dose inercii.ses the
.rjclmcss nml the rc-liu-ss of the blootl
:Mip]ily, mid this new blood Htrengtli-
icnn    tlio   orgHiis, wmltles    ilium    to
throw (iff disc-isc   ami  Imiiishes . the
'lO.Kkclw-f  uoul   b'in.kai.Iiv.-.s  iiml  dimness uiul secret pains that have made
life n btinlin,      'i'lieve nrc thousands
nnd thoiisnnds of growing   'girls and
women    in    Canaan who owe     their
:,t..lllV iitvl    h'i<'yitv<- in    l>r     Wil
llniw.' VlnV  Villi.     Mrs   .fumes Mc-
Donald, of Sugar Camp, Out,, is om«
of Utese.   She isays:   ','1  was    badly
run down, Mt very weak nnd had no
(ippntitje,   I  Kiifle'ml   from  Juiulnvlu-s
^..V.'   .' J;^1'..'f'.,'"■    ""'l   ->   tr-fllllir   ol   WJlll-
iie?m, J innld sciirn-ly ilrnjj iiiv.M-lf
about nnd felt that my condition
was growing worse, I ilreidwl to try
Dr. Williams' l'ink I'llls and got a
ilo/cw boxes, but before lliey were nil
««wl I had fully jvgainii! my lie.iltlt,
mid w.is able to do my hnUM-wm-.
without the leiiM latlgue. Dr, William*' Pink Pills have Irf-tii n great
WwiSlng to nie."
You, can get J>r. Williams' J'inU
I'lIU for Pale I'eople from any uk<1-
kin* dealer nr by mail from The Hi
WlWinnt*' Medii-iiic Co., BrocVville.
for 5a..iO If you are wenV nml nihn)*
g|\c these pills « trfnl—thry will not
,di*a|t|'oi.it )o«»'
another is 12, another 13,..another 10,
anothei'0'' 12,' another iS, another 17,
and. one"is the body:of an unknown
girl aged ,13 years. Mention is -- also
make"orTliree' oUier"~clfiidrcn~serious=-
ly injured, aiid taken .to the Pennsyl-■
vnnia. general- hospital. .Did you
think that such conditions' could exist?   .--'-..     ' .^7-   '
It is up to you.to create*the demand for articles bearing' the union
lab-el. ..According to' statistics every
fifth child between the ages of " ton'
and fifteen years is a breadwinner,
and every third of the number is a
girl. The statistics show an increase
<'f 33 ".-3 per cent, of child labor in>
Uie last ten years, I appeal to men
nnd women lo simply l»jp cons-it-cnt.
Etnoll in the antijcliil'dt,lft"_jor league.
Vou don't have to pay " aay dues..
They do not ask you to come to
meetings. Kelp in this fight against
child labor. ..Tiilk against it at all
limes and in all places, ,You ,havc
ihe purchasing power, and it should
le exercised in favor of goods bearing the union label nnd in that way
jigainst the goods- made by the sweat
nf women and children. Help this
work  hy
and in Hint way take the cnildreu out
of the factories and let them go to
sch.iol nnd get an odncaUou. Strikes
»ri_ things of the past, the purchasing power is the great strength men
and women have to fight with in this
cause,   ft is what they all live on.
~ J—0' ' '    *- -
.forced to .-the conclusion that the said
IVIr. Edwards was looking for soine
cheap, notoriety, at the" expense - of'
seasons, with the-bear—as the bear
crawled out, he crawled" iii'.' Arc you
there,  Mr. Edwards?
.    0 '  ',
Jail   for Sherman !
Coleman, April 21,—The 'following
dispatch wns received . here yesterday
by II. NT. Galer, manager of the- International   Coal  and  Coke company:
"Montreal, April 20.—"You:,-.-' statement of position between operators-,
and"labor agitators js published , in
the morning ■ papers- here, I am
amazed that you operators have not
forced proper government authorities
to arrest, and jail. Sherman and coconspirators under section 60 of the
act. You have law, right reason and'
the whole country at your back aiul
evidently President Mitchell as well.
What arc you waiting lor?
(Sgd.) S. II. C WINNER.
Mr, Milner was the leading   spirit
'n  t',c f"rc;,k  Grnnby  property '  anil
refusing" to buy the'goods'!  thc larsCst holder in Ulc I»t»™ation-
a, Coal company, nnd has very,large
lumber inills at Vancouver and elsewhere on the Pacific const,
'Mr,  Milner,  of Montreal,  who  has
a heavy pecuniary interest, which is
I kcing affected, is frank, if not     1111-
j Helfish,  in his demand to have Sher-
,*inan jailed, but it is altogether probable that Mr. Milncr's interests   will
It would be well to give the   new i l.e just as safe with Sliei-mnii     out-
coitclUation act   a trial before    con-' side ol jail as inside,
deiiiiiiiig in the wholesale manner In
which thu miners are condemning it,
There must l>c some merits in the
legisiution or It would not have l>cen
passed, The principle of >it, a-llcus',,
,is right, There may be .some deici's
in It—doubtless there nre many . defects, 'llie.se defects will conic out
tinder this series of active trial ntid
Uickc will then be remedied, Tint
principle is riyht, and that Im 'be
main thing. The details will ouitie
n'glii in 'iluu time,—Morning Alberton.
The Lodger Is indiued to agree with
the above, Tlte bill may be nil
light in principle, aiwl the details
may work out all right In time, but
what the workmen object to is that
these details should be worked' out at
thi-ir (.'Xjicnnu.
You Will Delight
In the Fine Flavor* of
5;$ rf»**-'
Sold Only in Sealed Lead Packets
Hi{rhest Axvtircl St. Louis, 1904 , At all Grocers
"■'iS^iyvt^fK'51*^ *Vf 'a *t» 'N •* *N *!"*>!*- **
Watch it Increase.
All  you   have  to
tb  start  it  arid
grow.    Doesn't
do  with  a "Savings   Account  is
keep  it   going—then   watch   .it
take long  for  it to  count   up  to  a considerable
amount—then  you   see  the   advantage—the  wisdom  of saving;        ,   .  . "
i: $1 Opens an Account with The Home Bank of Canada
J.B. LAWRY       - -
fT>T*'» f-Tii—*, «£i.  'V     ;     ■.   *   v
They   all   Bite
at these Flies
, Over 66,000. Flies to choose from—Every kind  and
size  known on-Kootenay. waters.
SllPe-Killer*—rG.au7.e-winged,   Jungle-cock   and
Buck tail   Flies;"     ,
. Special—Split    bamboo   rods,-   three o ■ mmg\
' point, selected  cane.     Sj o50
•A full line of waders, nets, lines, and, all the  requisites  fora-river fishing.      -       ,        " ,   ,.
N, E. Suddaby rcrnicDrugStorc
<ic*w>?vjvvic<;wj»r5i^1?^;?,>;?vi*?vii?^7i: /ivviv **+ a> *!*♦ *i*» <*+ *t> ***• *i*» iums *s*
J. ti.   MARSHALL,  Mgr.,
Fernie   Branch
B. B. WALKER, President
ALEX. LAIRD, General Manager
A. H. IRELAND, Supericteudent of
Braflches "
Paid-up'CaDitai, ^10,000,000
]^,;t) . : _    5.000,000
Tc.«! Assets, - 113,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, nr.d iii W-.t U;iiU} States and EnfJand
Bnsiriess way be transacted b;
ojtfhe F^r.k.   Accounts may ).-■
made ov withdrawTn by mtdi.   L
to out-tiirtowa'accounts.
Pernio  Brunch ','
MAIL ^     8*5  '•
• v,:-: : I •*■: i ''h, any branch
'-jj tvj.i' J-.r.d deposits
szi-i.> alt cation is paid
G. S.   Holt,   Miinaper
~:T~.mm nnn.onr-.'*^^-, ... ^- u. .m^^^n^m
Tclcp hone No. 4' .
MoteS,  llosmer
Open May 1
KvoiTlliinx   new
and better tljan anp other office
in jferriie ** and poii get, tbe
Wiion Zabel.
%et u$ prove ft to pou
Send your orders for  .
Meats, Kfjgs, Rutter,
".   Poultry and  Fish  to
'Dominion Meat Co Ltd
and  {^et  the  best of  ,
' - ■   , service, attention and
satisfaction .'. *'. *. \ *. -.", , ''
- i        '   .
"   <i .       »
Telephone No..,4
See Our Windows for
A. C.  Liphardt
Jeweller and Optician
The >
Lumber Co
riniiiifncturers of
ICvcry atconiniodiiiioii
for llie public.
R;ir stocked willi llie
linest in the land
Proprietor -  ---
Under-now muiiagCiTTCn
Well furnished rooms.   The table is
supplied with the best the market
affords,   The tmi'Js supplied
' -    with the bc&t wines, liquors und cigars. '
"r*.  * VT*>
. l\t* t **,
TO    ARI11.
Wuat is the mntter witli trying it
, u that Tahcr nuui lo see how i*
■A'orks? Mr, IMiliicr shmiltl lay iiifor-
niatioii (ignlnst DiXfin nt oiicu, and if
the operation proves beiicficiiili we
will ({Ct that Kernie man- who wirwl
lur iiiilltia to turn loose on Sherman.,
It.reiniiuls us nf the story of the
wild atul wuoly west preacher, who
declared that he would get roiijrioti
into tlu*. miners In Ids' camp it-he hud
to Mtoot it into thejn with a re-
\ olvor.
I/Ct us lmve a conciliatory erudition of things, e\cii if wc have to
jail  cvtryloily.
I'.O.K.—I'Vi-nie Aerii", No, 561, l-'.O.
lv,, have clumped their meelinur ni|{lil
from Wednesday to I'riday of c-aeh
llttawa, April *2i.~-Tlw klcswii-
nicm nf labor jyavc out the informant,n tofli_;lit tint tht rcjurc-cntatlvifs
of the men ami the representatives of
the operators oil the iiiveMtij-alion
li'inrrl'. )i;ivi- 'ailcil to ii^rvt f»Ti ^
thin] party, nnd tlicrrfnrc the iniri-
imvr ol labor will  nntiic  the    third ,
m:ui'er. It Is tiiHlcr.st<^l that Mc- 'JInmlmrK, Out,, m..>k. '
Kcti/ie KIiik wiiri* nouic<] nml tlmt j ":>>'y'» °«n *l*n-lil*--t».
(lie  iiive«ti}tat|o«   will   l,c    procecled
Witll   At  WKC.    A'"   S'lrlll   .T?   lht>   llrttirdl
ore completed ll is bflicvcd here tlmt.
tin: tn n u,lu> had left work wHI r#-
lurn, as thtir interest*) will lx |»ro-
ITnrtiy .Ttflries nnd Mis* JfiiHa
*\l..r. arct N'itliol, )»Ah t»f M*<t««*1,
AU..., V.UU, lUArrlv-tl at f'lirM rlinrrli
u-etory on April 33, i<x»7. '■>' *'•*
Kev. H. Sl*el«>i»g W'lUtaMm.
Mothers who have usii-d Ilaby's Own
' ablets lor their little one?. *..»)' they
led ('nfc with ihe Tablets nl hand,
t ,■ <i,r,y -,rf. 1 rn\t-r tailinv t-ure for
; 11 the minor ills nf babyhood nud
thildhoiKl. Mrs. 1'ri.ij, Cn>Mii.iu. Sew
1 have used
tot sKmiaelt
'iroiible nml co»«tipntimi with uiarkv-«\
,m(Tt-si, I always feel lhat my* little
id.' i,s j..'fe ulieu 1 li.iM- a "uu*. of lhc
TibU-t* in the I'onv-,' Haby's Own
fn leU art w,ld titidrr tlu- ^iiarstnte<>
of a ^oveitatient analyst to contain
ne ilier opiates nor oilitr iwaViiiou»
drills, 'fhfty always do _.;iunl—they
cant |ovsiblv do It.nm- I'or sflle at
dnij»'."i*ts or by mail at is c«vt*» •»
tojc from Tin- Dr. \tillinm*' Mwlit-iiv*
Co , Htoinvilk, «nt.
100 Per Cent.
Pure Paint
A  Full. Assortment of
Kalsomine,  Brushes
*                       1
Spades,  Etc.
Lumber &
our   slock   is   last   year's
cut uml well seasoned
i *n%/o,%i%/%r-w* %WwSk*A>
l+WWWW* l>*w4ww wit*************
For all disorders of stom un r.nd liver, Bilcans are a
sound, safe and sure remedy. They strengthen the bodily
functions in Natures ow.i *,*_,, u^'tig* cosipeundprl
from Nature's own herbal extracts. Women the world
over And them a boon-   Finest household remedy.
.•I U itrvjgitf. Hint ilow, iOr.. <i liar, or ft om lUltan Co., Towttin, li/or 9,'M.
.Xfi'V *->i* .' i'y
Fort Steele
Brewery Co., Ltd
Jas. Severn, Prop.
■   KERNIE. B.C.    ,
Eiwnj attontion.
Rooms rcseroed by roire
A plousanl:
home  for the
T. H. WHEIiAN • Proprietor
rVrnlf,   It. C.
Hottloil    (looilw    11     K|)i>i'lnlty
—  .in'  j .1.1' '.    '     '      .""-* -■«■■"» ■ ■ • •
The A. Macdonald Co'
(IU'.iiI Oflliv. Winni_>('_.:)
llraiu'lu-N—Vjmeou>ei', NcNoit, Fetnii,
IMmoplMo, Alta. iV Kenora, t>ti(.
Pernie,  B. C.
X iroci-r'tvi,   Mi^iif,
(.'.imp Suppli'cit
I\*L'tl   *v
,?/Vi'iflV, SB. d\
VaOGfi&OOdff 469099009009
Till: !*!-:.**T nI" ^''"U'lCK
*/f, 1,10000009000000000000
.'ALT, AM) !M-:K
C. \V. DAVIiY & CO.
+ + *,*«WM>ltM
Ulmtt'tX   I.t«if«*«f  r*rt* IMtMlrul.
fg» <fy •ffi^l^^vj&jl&ifj&lfal^ksgg,^
. i,l"U1B,5a..l__«wl,P». "
ma*. tii*jaxc<ni&&ttt$ffii!R3&&Si!ii
I-"--' ■ ' -
will hereafter, until further notice, pay Interest oh Savings Bank Accounts Quar-
-, terly--ins'ead of   semi-annually as heretofore.
MAY 81st„ , AUGUST 81st
NOVEMBER 30th & FEB.7>8th
U        Pernio   Branch
W.-k..   Robs.M.
Wednesday night.
P. P.,  arrived home
J. K.. I.a-wry, of the Bank of Hamilton^ was a Nelson s-isitor Wednesday,
v District President Sherman went _ to
Coleman yesterday and returned this
morning. „   ,
Chaa. Gilbert, the union barlrar, is
inata'led in his new quarters in the
King's  hotel.
We" -are informed that J. S. T.
Alexander has purchased the Stork
1 rsidence on • Riverbank-- avenue.
Wm.   Spier,   of  the  Grand     Fork's
l.oard of trade,  went home     with  ,a,
happy  heart  yesterday  morning;
Rev. J. Skelding Wilkinson will deliver a discourse upon Oddfellowship
tomorrow evening in Christ church.
Mrs. G. H. Boulton, of, Elkmouth,
cam* toiFfjnrie on Thursday nigjrit's
G. N.   train '-and reiurncd  this  morn-
">''■=      V  ' '*    ' " .    '
A. J..Mott has been in town a few
. days  during   the  week,   He     reports
the  demand   for  lumber  ro   be  pressing- * " *    . /       .;
pictures if   they can" not-come to the
mountains. , *      ,.    ■
•-' .   '       .'
Special—V-ellow onion-sets,"--2bc. j>er
lb.-at Suddaby's.;-"
Ernest ftlirkpatrick returned to Calgary Thursday" - evening,; after attending  his fatlier's-funeral  here.
. The ■ North'Americaa I.and' and dumber company are now occupying offices in the Henderson block.
Coal' Creek defeated 'the Fernie foot-
all team by a- score of 2 to I" in a
practice game on Monday evening.
Fred    Kirkpatrick,  who      has been
working in the Ledge ofiice in Green-
i wood for nearly a year,  came   home
to be at'* his father's funeral, and is
liow working in the ledger ofiice.
, The I. 0. 0. F. and Rebecca, lodges
of Fernie will attend Divine service
at Ckrist church tomorrow evtning
at 7.30., in commemoration of the
88th anniversary of the founding of"
that great society. All members and
visiting brothers are requested to be
at the lodge room at 7 p.m. sharp.
Snow in Northern Kansas and
Northern-, Missouri, - and freezing
weather extending from- the Nebraska-Iowa state line south into the
Panhandle of Texas, was reported on
the 25th, with predictions of colder
weather by night. The temperature
at Kansas City that morning reached
39  degrees. ■ "
The Palace drug store will move
across the street into the room now
occupied by Vance's barber shop in a
ft!w days, and 1 the Crow's Nest Trading company wiil occupy., the vacated
room with the gent's furnishing dt-
partment of the, * big establishment.
'Ihis will, give much needed room   in
the main store., „
Mr. Zalk, of Duluth, and D. C.
Smut/, bf St. Paul; were in the'city,
Thursday. They had been down to
the Ross Brothers Saskatoon lumber
company mill, . where they., are placing a lot of mill machinery for that
"company. These ^entietmttn are , aflso
heavily interested in supplying material and constructing logging railways," and have been' doing" a large
business in that line.
Knox church.   Rev.  H.  R.   Grant  de- i,^,
livered-- a very   impressive v sermon'..  .
Numerous wreaths of beautiful
flowers were laid upon the' casket,
xeni' the entire "staff of the Trites-Wood
stores, cf which the deceased had
been" a member,' attended the funeral
in a body.
The only daughter, Miss Ettie,,
Kirkpatrick, is ahstnt in I.os Angeles,
California, on a visit to. friends, and
it' was impossible to have her present at the funeral. ' •" • ■
• The family has the sympathy of a
very large circle of friends' and neighbors in' their sorrow. *" •, .
'.«■._■. "a
Wild* Rose :-■
t - '-.•-'*■. \   .      i*
English Breakfast tea
The services in the Baptist church
last Sunday were most effective. Rev.
H. L. Kempton, , the pastor, will
preach an expository, sermon in the
morning of the "28th. In - the, evening
the subject will be" "Paul Before Ag-
grippa," or "The Man Who is Al-
-jj most   a   Christian.'"   Everybody   ,-is
son board of  ira.de,  has been a pop- I    Mr.   A.   Jeinson left on  Wednesday
ular guest at the Fernie during
All   the. ■ members" of    the district'
board  left   town  yesterday  morning.
, They will visit all the locals as soon
as "possible. -,  - •';
Superintendent Erickson was in
town yesterday, and reports that
lumber is moving now at the :rate of
150 cars per day.
The regular Sunday ..night meeting
ot the W. C. T. U in the I. 0. 0. F,
hall will be cancelled tomorrow night
owing to the I. 0. 0. Y. church parade. „ <>
.T. Fink, of the Cranbrook board ol
trade, went home yesterday morning
.. feeling greatly relieved on the favor-
uUe   culmination of   tho labor    dif-
, ficulty.
I5i 0. Kamtn, of,.Moyie, who has
Ijot-n an .'interested spectator of the
conference battles which have been
waged during the week, left {or home
this morning.
D.'J. Matheson, mayor of Phoenix,
who has been anxiously watching the
controversy over the la1x>r afiairs of
the  Crow's  Nest, departed  for      his
bomt near the stars yesterday.
, j
The railroads report immigration
■ business still good. Many emigrants
now pass through over the International lino, but travel still increases
011 the Northern since the opening 01
the new route,
The snowstorm which waH so disagreeable to Fernie people and their
numerous witnesses during the week,
was only tlie tail end ol a very bud
prairie storn which swept over South'
em All.erta on Wednesday,
The Ladles' Aid of tlie MethodiHt
church held an apron sale in thv
Hums block Monday, which proved to
lie all kind*, of a suecms. Ten ami
take, sherbet and delicious candies
wilt served, and the proceeds amounted to $67. That is n pretty fair
showing lor an idle town.
I.ast Tuesday night about fifty
miners laid vYbloiii hands on burl,*!-
Gill-ert'a new striped pole and 1xir<.-
it triumphantly up Victoria iivenm-
to his new shop in the King's hotel,
tie (i<|iii(lated his debt ot gratttude-
to the union lioys at too cents oil the
dollar, and tht boy.*, .stand ready t<.
do tliu transportation net when Mr.
Gilbert wants to move again.
The Ledger acknowledges with
pleasure the receipt of another ol
those neat little booklets Uln__ issued by tbe «dvertislng department 01
the C. P. K, land bureau. This tiim-
it Is "nritlsh Columbia" wliiVli is k-.
neatly illustrated and to (ul| 0[ Information olionx our own province
that no true Britisher of Columbia
ran afford to 1* without it at the
piice, which Is a' two<«iu pf*rtty_*<.'
stamp and a mtntlon of the Ledger.
Srtid for one lor yonreelf and other*.
lor y/>»r friend* who have tm'er hurl
the g»;d fortune to gaze , upon our
mountains, mines, lakts nnd valleys.
It will dn them good to look at the
for, Nanaimo' to look after some property! at"'that'.place.'■•'
.Mrs.. H. Lashley Hall took the service both morning and evening at the
Methodist church last Sunday. -> Her
subject was that of the missionary
work of the church, and she gave her
hearers a very earnest and pleasing
presentation of- her subject. Mrs. Hall
takes the service in the Methodist
church, Cranbrook, tomorrow. Rev.
Mr. Hall occupied the pulpit at the
Coal Creek Methodist church morning and evening last Sunday.
D, II. Telford, who has been . acquiring large interests in, timber anh
sawmill property in this vicinity, is
again on our streets,' after a hard
winter spent amortgi the Saskatoon1"
bushes in Saskatchewan, Mr. Telford will find out sonic of these times
that the winter climate among the
pine of East Kootenay is much mild
er than tho bleak winds whlcli.whistlc
through the bare berry bushes of the
prairie, and swap hio coon sking coat
for a linen duster and stay with us.
Wm, Istgrnm is preparing to erect
a two-storey business lulock, with
basement beneath, on the lot now
occupied by the Club cigar store and
Mclntyre's barber shop. The new
building will be fire proof, 86x75 feet.
The erection of such a building in the
middle of tlmt block of wooden buildings wil! be of considerable benefit
to those owning the wooden buildings, as it will serve the purpose of
a fire wall and decrease the danger
ol lire sprcaditi_i over the whole-block
in the, event of the occurrence of such
a calamity.
,lames Lamb, the auctioneer who
lias I cen i-oixliiciing the miction sale
»t l,l|.linnlt'.s, left for liis home ' in
Ciiiclpli, ()ni,( Tuesday. Mr, Lnmb
Is one of tlto'ic congenial soiild who,
when he 1c.vu'r you, leaves behind
him a disire ih.it he iimy conic
I'Rato. IT' is a iiiost enjoyable teller
■ f good cKuti .stories, and the Ledger
Kid Is Indebted to him for many
•'ood wholesome laughs We shall liy
sj.ul to welcome such a friend at all
Uni-.s, and hope we will have our
fuiid of j"ood storks Increased wln-n
lie i-onits u'vaiii,
 o ■
.Wtcr an illness ul only four dny'.*:
duration, .rnines Kirkpatrick, otie'oi
the oldest inhabitants of I'ernie, died
ol pneumonia Inst Saturday evening
At  , ,,Vj  'I cii,l>,
Mr. Kirkpatrick came west from
Forest, Ontario, nine years ago nnd
for over eight years hns resided In
this city. .TniiKs Kirkpatrick was
liorn fifty years ago iu Middlesex
tounfv. Onl.irlo. TTc leaves a widow
'Hid five children, Ettie, Ernest,
F'-d, KlHolt (lnd Roy, u, mouni his
-sudden death.
Mrs. Kirkpatrick came to Fernie
in iv«2, and this hns l«en their home
ever siMre.
Tni ftintrnl took place on Tuesday
n* ." "'clock, under the tlurge of the
'. 0, 0, V., ol which he was atneiii-
l*r. and was largely attended.
Th» funeral tervke was     held     In
Si -j -i >I
A hotel that furnished quiet, commodious accommodation for ' its patrons is a source of pleasure to the
travelling public, Such a one is the
King Edward Hotel, of' Fernie, corner opposite post office.
Opposite  the  rfos^itcl -
A l.irjje assoriiiioiii ,of vegetable plants
for-sitk* in'hoxev of 50 and 100 al reasonable- prices. - ,
■ W. M. "DICKEN.
QUR '"own,, blend: Best on
■v-/t earth7 If ypui" Want acup
of ;niw. flavored ,Tea that will
make you feel like/enjoying life,
trv a pound and you wilfriever
regret it..' Money jefunded if not
'.strictly   satisfactory.     ',,
We have now received a delayed , shipment 'of • fishing
tackle and you will 'find it the
best obtainable in town. We
have flies that.are fly and tha
no fish ca"ns withstand. "We
are quoting these at a very
^reasonable price' and we can
show you' the best.
5 cent and  Diamond Bars
Wc have put in a full stock of
this celebrated chocolate. We
need not say "much ub.uit Fry's
Chocolate .because everybody
who knows chocolate knows the
splendid quality of this line of
^ei'ds, ,;
Successor lo   Bonn  &  Morrison,
Our   lines  of
Tan High Shoes
Meat Merchants
LWAYS a choice, supply of Beef,
Pork, Mutton, Veal and Lamb on
hand..   Hams, Bacon,  Lard,  Bttt-
! -    '. .-'«
Fresh, Smoked and Salted Fish; always a
good assortment. Try our Mince Meat,
Saurkraut and Oysters. °
ay  not.be  very   long, yet|   but   we• are bound ."to  have a  link* sunshine
ion.      Come in.and select your    . , • hunsiII,ie
While  our assortment isstillcomplcte.     Six sizes and styles to choose   from
^ ou   don    have  to  take it   until you need It     We'also have a compl c assor 1
Dress Goods, Organdies, Ginghams,
Silks, Muslins, Prints.
for Women
Ladies' Tailor Made Coats & Skirts
Ladies'Shirt Waists in Silk, Lace,
Muslin. Lawn, etc.
*T!ue Slater'
for Men
Yet*, wc do Rcptilrlntf
I leadquarters    for   Trunks,    Suit
Cases and Valises.
Fertiie, B. C.
We want ta do Business with You
and j offer,   you   in   return   for your patronage1 the best values'
procurable,   Our prices are strictly cash prices,, all reduced, to
the lowest leTel,   Why not take  advantage ol them, and  3ave
money?  ■■','. .   ".    -       ^
We Respectfully Solicit Your business
Acknowledged by all good dreBBers'J'.to be the best.   It you are
figuring on a new; suit and require superior style, fit mater.'ai
o and workmanship, let .us shew you our range, we can please you.
Men's, Suite, in all the latest] cuts and 'shades,      4t*0%0%; ef\
' -: *8.6o to.,.v..v   $22.50
Men's Trousers in the latest'patterns      " tf% IFA
♦».»o to. ...._ .....:....  6.50
HATS.   Stetson's, Capter's, Wlikenson^s
New spring shapes in blacke. browns, IMS ti*\
fawns and pearl grey, 91:00 to.../.  $OaUU
Koil HmuI Covering for Summor W««i*
Plain Straws, Tasenn,    Straws, Linen,  and Harvester .
UNDERWEAR.   Spring and Summor Weight.
Natural Wool In light
and medium weights; per,, garment, $1.26 to.!
While Cat in     .    ;,< ''-   '"'■*% *%E
.   two piece, and combination,  90c to..... .., t^fcp
and Cashmere, 60c and.
GLOVES.   'Our Glove values. are worth"your, inspection _
Muleskln ■-.». * ij
with or without  wristband   !„"...,... 4dC
Pinto Shell Cordovan     >
per, pair,.-;...'....._. 	
Calf Skin      '.-,7 \ -.'  .».:."'.'. - I -.:.„
-. per pair.....t •:;=■•,• *....;:...'.......-.;.,: ,J» I .UU
Horsehide           ■ •                                 '         ..   ;
, ..per pair, $1.25 and 1.,.".'....:..."	
. Buckskin   ■-"'-" , -   «'  .' - - L
j—r"-perirpali?-fl;35—and;...........;...;..;.;. ..-rrr-
Dry   Goods
Muslins in floral designs il t\g*
"andchecks, yd 15c to *f UP
Voiles in floral designs
and checks, yd	
Fancy spot and check flljEjk
lawns, yd ...:.... %|pwQ
Fancy Vestlngs '
•> per yd, 25c to....
Persian Lawns ■
p8^ydj-,.25c to	
Persian'1'Baptlste ,
per yd,,35c to..,
Fancy stripe and oheok ii *B9_<^
Ginghams, ydl2ioto | | C
We are sole agents for Pottern
Children's Wear
Hayo you seen what we are
showing  in children's wear?
Infants'Bonnets-£A Af"
soc to. : mCmCQ
Sun Bonnets 4   *%C
50c to '  I hCD
Muslin and Silk       0% ft?
Hats, 60cto....... _£___ I Q
Pinafores, embroidery ttC A
trimming,-all sizes... Ovv
Pique and Duck   jf»A AA
Reefers, $1,26 to &Cm\J\3
Silk and Velvet '     £■ AA
Dresses, $2.00 to..... OhUU
English Prints, all  guani.iiteed1
fast colors.
Boots   and   Shoes
Makoe of dependable quality and guaranteed by tho manufacturer"
to give the best of satisfaction, are tho only kind we handln.
The Walkover Shoe for Men In Viol Kid patent lcatlior
volour calf and gon metal £■« AA
per pair, $5,00 to  Si rUw^
Packard & Fiold In Burrojaps, guaranteed AAA
:   patent, gun metal and viol kid, $5.50 to QMUU
Travellers in box oalf and viol kld,RE3;vr.«
$4.00 and..,.,  ,.:,,..,.,
1 c
The Economy Shoe in box oalf tt dongolas
$8.00 and ,,..,
The Artisan Working Boot for Won
Cannot le equalled for hard wear and durability   0pM A A
por pair, $1,60 to    94hUU
Sole Anortti fer
The WAlkorer, Tho Art, the lloyal Purplo, The Truo Pit
Fine Shots for Women
Laoroitte Shoes fer Boys, Youths and Men
Our constant effort Is to be known as purveyors of Quality
Groceries, At all times you onn relv upon rooolvlng tho frosli
est and newest goods In tho market at prices that menn a
considerable saving    to tho careful housekeeper,
"~"     COFFEE
Tbe man who g«ts out of bed on tho wrong side is llablo to have a
giuiich all day. Mo-Ja OaCeo Tor hrttiktoi will effecc a sure cure
and help blm oommenco tho day well.
MO-JA COFFEPi  tbe best we can buy ut any yt\ro^Mf%^
but sold on our motto of small preflts, price per lb.,.» 4UC
Hoyal. Housoliold Flour*
If you are lot uilng ltoynl Household Flour vou aro net using tho
bent flour lu tho market. It costs you no more than Inferior brands
A trial will convince you that tbo quality is unequalled.
rper 1001b $3.00    'per 50 Ib $j .55
Grocery Specials for Saturday
St. Charluand Jersey Cream   4t\g\  2 Ib tlns^Tomato «| Al
por tin«#*•••*• «finini>ttttt*»ti»i   | %f^^      wa\t8Up»»»t•••?•##* I •^JLm
Banner Oats
per packet	
Pratt's Poultry and Stook Posds
*- *-»«*i»Ttt4i- jk1' ■*■■*   *^t|iri^«i'i».i


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items