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East Kootenay Miner Dec 30, 1897

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Array . --�� ,.jf . .'I"    ���   ���"   tf* -   ii
���_.-*'*V., "Vr J i'
SKootctut
-5
Devoted to tbe Jlintog Interests and Development of the District of EAST KOOTEJULY.
Vol. 1, No. 23.
Golden,   B.   C,   Thursday  December 30th,   1897.
$2.00 Per Year
A. P. PATRICK, P.L.S.
J>��DRiifls:-BOX 40 GOLDEN, UiC.
G. S. McCARTER,
.XOTAJtT,  ITC.
Al,iii��u Block,
Goi.dik, B.C.
ELLIS & GROGAN,
**��. ���������-*��.
Fin, Lift, Keel E.iuie, House A genu,
Auctioneer, and Customs Drolters
firs Af.a-.lcM:
Qteet, Ij-aceslitre, Colon, Hartford.
Aariipeaa Steamship Ticket Ofllee.
Tan Sun Life Insurance rompsii-*.
The Ontnrlo Accident Insurance Co'y.
Tbe Blrbeek lareetmontand Loan Co.
CALQARY, ALTA.
H. L. Cummins, P.L.S.,
Aid CleU Boeiue.r.
Fort Steele, B.C.
Thos. McNaught,
Klllac Broker, rinaneial A**��et, CenTeyaoeer
uiKiaii J-abtle.
rMt efleo ad-tree. :
GOLDEN �� FORT STEELE.
W. PELLEW HARVEY,
(?.c.��.) ;������<���(
Im; OBeoe and
Chemical Laboratory,
VANCOUVER,  B.C.
(blibllihed UM.)
Fer Mv.nl eeare with Vlrla* 4 Sou, Swea-
���H, and local reproaentatire lor them..
For e year, manager for the a.riayere to the
SI* Timo Co'., Lmi'lou.
Canadian representative of tho Cauol Gold
���itrecllog Co. L'td, Glaagow (Cyanide proews.)
a.I.���All work personally soperlntended. Only
eompo'.oi* xioa employed.    Ko pupil,  re
Jas. Henderson.
COXTKACTOB and BUILDER,
Mats Prepared,
Prompt alleatloa given to order..
A inpply of Banding Lime for .ale.
QOLOEN, B.C.
The Golden
MEAT MARKET
-***���**%.
Vceah and S.lt Meal..
"Plih aad flan, ln aeaaon.
Deal.ni In Cattle, Sheep and genet,
Mall order, receive prompt attention.
HULL BROS. & CO.
Livery and
Feed Stables
*AAW��.
���tod Saddle Horaoe tad Big. of All Kind, fer
���ire at Reasonable Rltei.
Teaming tf AU Kind. ��� Specialty.
Hamilton and Skeltoa,
Golden, B. C.
Good Time
Wanted
ly every nan who ban a watch.
��� We JUiEUIIDEll, ��
C.I'.H. Watch Inspeotor will be
at TH�� MINER OFFICE from
Wtxtnuaday to Friday _jj*
each week. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Work can be left at
licDEKMOT'8 STORE.
LH.
WATCHMAKER
"���.and****.
JEWHLLKB.
Wedding ftncjs
fl .Specialty.
<   ' .-. .   i-; \M��	
Calgary, - Alberta.
Price list on all other furs and skins
furnished'upon amplication. Full priceB
Itnarnnteed, careful selection, courteous
treatment, and immetaate remittance on
all consignment*.
(QGoWeng)
TOflSOHIflli PMJW��|S
Newly Refitted & Refurnished.
The bent of the kind west of
Winnipeg.
Bvcrythlug Complete.
All Modern Conveniences.
J.   Lamontagne, Prop.
>�����������������������������������>�����������������������������������<>*��
! UNDERTAKING
!      & Embalming
* Tclcf raph ordim receive prompt attention
I J. SMART,
L CALQARY, Alt*. ���
������������>��>���������������������������������������������*
ThePMideneepofCo
Providence, B.I.
wants all kinds of
raw furs, skins, gin-
seng, Heneeii, etc.
Mces for next Hixty
days are as follows:'
Silver For	
..���15.00 to $160.00.
Bear	
..$6.00 to $ 25.00.
Otter	
..$ 4.00 to $   9.00.
Martin	
..$ 2.00 to $   11.00.
Heaver (per jwund)
. $ 3.00 to $   3.6Q.
Wolf	
..$ 1.00 to $   2.00.
RcdFex	
..$ 1.00 to $   2.00.
Minlc	
..$   .76 to $   2.00.
Skiinl. 	
..$   .25 to $   1.00.
Graiy Fix	
. .$   .50 to $     .75.
uat:.:..'... ;.
.. $   .20 to $     .25.
GEO.  GEARY,^**-
Livery, peed &
Sale Stables,
Fort Steele, S. E. Kootenay.
Pack Trains for mines supplied.
Freighting of all kinds undertaken.
Our,.
GflfllSTpS
LISTS
are very interesting. Send
ub a post card and we will
mail one to you.
������tktj-%.
Hudson's  Bay
Stores,
ALTA.
CALGARY,
Wong See,
Watchmaker,
Jeweller,
Optician and
Mechanic.
Watrhen cleaned, Jewcllcey mourned, Glfltwea
mended and Guns repaired. Find rla*in work
in every du part men t. A trial ho! tailed, ho como
to
Wong See, Golden.
Tom Lee,  ��
has the beat rertaurant in Goldon. It is open at all hours.
Every delicacy and fruit in its
Pennon. A pood selection of
Chinese Lily flower runts apply
at once for the Choicest ere tney
go to
�� Tom Leo, Bakery, ��
Mculn Diy .mil Night.
EAST KOOTENAY.
The  Mineral  Wells and  Medicinal
Springs  of  North   East
Kootenay.
ABTICtH V.���OTBSR SI'KINIIH.
Tn�� Minna has now about exhausted
all the information it lias beru able to
obtain regarding the mineral wells and
medicinal springs of Kast Kootenay.
There appears to bo a Series ol sulphur
springs near Windermere on tho ranche
belonging to Mr. O. A. Brown. They
come out of the bank, about four or live
yards from the lake, and can be traced
about a mile. They are not sufficiently
powerful to form a creek, but the waters
can irrigate between fifty and sixty acres.
The soil, which is of black loam, absorbs
readily the waters. The odor and taste
of the water are sulphur. The flow of
the water might be accelerated by some
artificial means. It is the intention ol
Mr. Brown to do some work on these
springs in order to test them.
It is rumored that on the Sinclair pass,
near the higher Upper Kootenay valley,
are mud baths; but no precise information can bo obtained as to their existence. They may be nothing more than
animal wallows.
Some hot springs are said to exist near
Kinbasket lake, ��� not far from tht big
bend in the Columbia river; but what
are their nature is as yet unknown to
Tin Mixer.
Near the head of Vermillion river, iu
the higher Upper Kootenay valley, and
about, eighteen iniles from Leanchoil
station, on the C. P. K., are some well
known springs of chalybeate water that
have been acquired by Dr. Lindsay'ol
Calgary. The springs are cold. An
analysis of the water has been.obtained,
which is the only complete one Thu
Miner has been able to securo of any of
the wells or springs. One pint of the
waters contains ol sulphate of iron, 2.304
grain; sulphate of lime, 6.120 grains;
sulphate of magnesia, 2.106 grains; sulphate of alumny, 1.115, There aro also'
decided traces of free sulphuric acid
and alkali. The water is classified as a
chalybeate water of a very high degree
of excellence. The analysis was made
by Mr. A. McGill, government analyst
at Ottawa.
Dr. Lindsay has not yet determined
what he is going to with the springs.
New Eldorado.
J. P. Perrins, until recently president
of tlie Now Engl; n 1 Whip company,
started from Lob Angeles the other day
with a party of fifteen others for the
new gold fields in the Northwest Territories. Tho new gold field is said to
extend over fifteen miles along a tributary of the Stikine river, and richer than
the Klondike country. In one of bis
letters to parties in Los Angeles concerning the discovery, Dawson, alter whom
Dawson city is named, says the region
gives every indication of an abundance
uf gold, but it is even more inaccessible
than the Klondike, tbere being but one
way to get in and that is an extremely
dangerous one. The winters are more
severe than in tbe Yukon and of fonger
duration. The nearest trading post with
the outside world is several hundred
miles distant. The members of this
party have been quietly preparing for tho
trip for several months, keeping everything secret as tbty wish to pet in belore
any excitement causes a rush. The
party leave by steauer from Victoria
(or Fort Wrangle, thence overland to
the Stickine river their objective point.
New Deal for Wardner.
It has been generally known for several weeks thst negotiations have been
pending for some time between a syndicate of capitalists in Toronto, represented
by Mr. Gurd, and the owners ol the
Wurdner townsite, for the letter's interest. Monday. Thomas Cralian, of the
Townsite company, received a telegram
from J. F. Wardner, datod st Seattle,
Wash., stating that the deal would go
through and that be would leave that
evening for Toronto to close up negotiations.
This* move 1b of vast importance to
Wardner, since it means that a wealthy
syndicute, acting with tha C.l'.lt,, has
decided to secure control of .the most
available townsite in Kast Kootenay. It
will also mean that capital and potent
influence will he used at once to make
Wardner a great city, and give to her
those Industries to which her location
offerB superior advantages.
That Wardner was destined to lie the
leading city of this valley there has been
no question from the first. This change
will situ ply do away with all delays, and
will iii'augiiratij at once-an era of prosperity iii Wardner that might have been
delayed a few months il things had been
allowed to take theii1 natural course.
Thore will be a boom in Wardner, and
it will eclipse the expectations of the
most sanguine. It will begin as soon as
conditions will permit and upon the
opening of spring. Wardner will be the
watchword lor all who want to enjoy
the benefits of a place that will continue
to grow for some time to come. Wardner is* uo longer a guess. It is now a
positive certainty, and the Wardner
band wagon is growing more popular
every day.���Tiie International.
Horees are Better than Helndeer.
Jack Dalton, the well-known Alaska
prospector, after whom the Dalton trail
iB named, in speaking of the proposed
relief expedition of the United States
government to Alaska, declares that the
proposal to use reindeer teams does not
strike him as being the right thing.
Horses can be used to much better
advantage. Instead of reindeer, tbe
department ought to get together a large
number ol hardy horses; sufficient food
should be taken along to feed them, and
they could do much better work than
reindeer. Dalton suggests sleds for carrying food for the men and provender for
the horses. To handle a reindeer expeditiously it would be necessary to have
relay stations established a day's journey
apart, with food for the animals at these
stations.
Mr. Dalton, in speaking of the liest
route by which to take relief, said be
woyld go over tbe Chilkoot pass nnd
then - down tho lakes and the Yukon
river, over the ice.
Caeslar Hallway to be Begun.
Mr. H. Hirtchel Cohen, who hat just
returned Irom Kngland, reports that just
as soon ns the preliminaries in connection with the surveys are completed,���
and this is expected within the next ten
days,���tenders will be invited for the
necessary clearances for the buildings for
the railway stations and for the earthwork of BUch portions of the line ss have
beon located already by the company's
engineer.
It is the company's intention to begin
the development of ths Castiar district
as soon as the season opens up and to
offer liberal terms to prospectora and
every man wishing to prospect on hie
own account.
*�������������>-*�����-	
Management of Mining Companies.
In managing the affairs of a mining
company the same careful and exacting
methods practiced in cvery-day business
transactions should prevail. The stockholders of a company have a right to
assume that their interests will be
honestly, wisely and conscientiously
looked after by the men who shoulder
the responsibilities of management. It
Is efttn the case that men who have
invested their money in good faith with
the idea that competent men art at the
bead of the corporation, find when too
late that the officers have been easygoing and credulous to tuch an en tent
that au incompetent and designing prospector or superintendent hat " done
them to a turn." ltepeated instances ol
this kind have come to light in fact in
every other mining district in the nest.
Officers of a company cannot hs teo
careful in conducting the hiisinett affairs
which a Isrge number of men have
placed in their keeping. Tbtre it inure
or lets uncertainty iu mining, and when
a promising claim is intelligently and
honestly worked without any material
return the philosophical investor it content to bury his disappointment. Hut
when they are taken iu on wild-eat
icheniet or defrauded of their money
through tht misrepresentation and dishonesty of locator, prospectors or men
placed in charge of the management,
they should have tome remsdy, and the
remedy should be a drastic one. Just as
soon as exposure is made punishment
should lie meted out to wild-catting,
over-capitalization; dishonest booming
should be made offences, aud, as toon at
this is done, then will legitimate mining
take on a more substantial and progressive aspect. In a new mining country
the defrauders and defaulters are numerous, but it can only bo a question of time
until tliis speeies becomes scarce thi-oucb
their despicable methods being known
and stamped out,
CROW'S   NEST   COAL.
Public Needa Now being Supplied���
A Great Enterprise.
Manager F. B. Smith of the Crow's
Nest Coal company is in -the city, having
como tofijiend Christmas with biH family
here. Mr. Smith is a Scotchman and all
that that word means. He has bid a
loug experience in coal minimr, both at
home aud in America, and for four years
past has been iu the employ uf tbe
Duiismuira ut Nanaimo. He is the
character of man to run a coal mine
without a doubt.
'.' We expect to land the first shipment
of our coal at Fort Steele within a week,"
said Mr. Smith in a tout that was
musically Caledonian. "Of course it
will only be coal for blacksmith's purposes. The cost oi hauling it seventy
miles for ordinary fuel would be too
great. But the blacksmiths, I hope,
will appreciate alike tho quality of the
coal and the reduction of the price that
heretofore they have been paying.
Messrs. Carlin & Durick, your enterprising merchants, are our agentB here
and they will also handle our business
at Wardner."
Questioned as to the progress and
extent of the work at Coal creek, Mr.
Smith Baid: " Wo have now somo thirty
men at work at the mine. These include
miners, carpenters and .blacksmiths, and
thoso employed in getting out timber for
the mine,
" We have opened two tunnels at the
mine. No. 1 it on the north side of Coal
creek. This one is already in about 200
feet, and we have driven in on the 7-foot
seam wherever possible, but at the
beginning a slide of rock from above had
to be got out of the way. The eoal In
this seam may be properly described as
a semi-anthracite and in every reaped a
first-class coking coal. ��� ,.
" On the south side of the creek, we
have driven in Xo. 2 tunnel. This
penetrates the heart of a SO-foot seam
ond is in solid eoal for tlie whole dis*-
tance. The quality of this seam iB
bituminous and a splendid blacksmith's
eoal, and we are already shipping it
along the Crow's Xest line to the forges
UBod in construction.
" The eoal liea nearly horizontal and
the mouths ef tbe tunnels are about 35
feet above the grade for the railway
track when it is constructed. This will
give a favorable elevation tor screening
and result iu a considerable economy in
tbe mining of the coal.
" When will the railway bo constructed?"
"Well, as you know, the branch is
about four miles loug, and already there
are two gangs at work doing the grading,
Tho branch will be ceinpleted by July
next.
"By that time we will be in readiness
to ship any quantity of coal that is likely
to be desired. In July next we will have i
at least 10,000 tons ou tilt dump. Next
month we will be putting out about fifty
tons a day, and by the time the railway
is completed���this time next year���we|
will be in readiness to supply 600 to 800
tons a day." i
" How many men will it require? "      !
" I should say 300 men."
" What wages will bo paid'.' "
" To millers, the rate on the coast is
75 cents per ton. That is the figure, I
suppose, that will apply here."
" Aliout your coking ovens���do you
Intend erecting them right away at the
mines? "
" Yes. Our general manager, Mr.
Illaketnore, is now in the Old Country,
and by this time I expert the brick for
tha ovens are on thoir way out, It Ifi
impossible to tell what tht .reman,I for
coke may lie, but we intend to be in
readiness to supply any demand there
mav be.
" Coal Creek is the name of tbe t.iwn-
Bite on tht Crow's Nest railway where
the junction between the main line and
tht branch to tlie coal mines will be
made.   This," Baid Mr. Smith, "is the I
liveliest little town on the line.   There
aro five grading outfits there just now ;
also, two general stores, a bakery, etc.,
and a commodious hotel is now being j
constructed.   There is a line sleigh road j
from tbe junction to thu mine."
Mr. Smith continued to talk pleasantly
of coal and the coal prospects iu the
province generally. Ho believes it will
not bt a very long timo before British
Columbia and the Canadian Northwest
will be the suppliers of coal for the I
greater part of tbe continent; indeed, be j
is of the opinion that Canada some time
will have a practical monopoly of tbe!
eoal of North America.
Mr. Smith left for the mine and took I
with him five teams to bring back coal
for Cnrlin & Durick. A number of work- j
men also accompanied him.���Tlie Fort'
Steele Prospector,
Tho Evil Effects of Wlld-Cattlna.
The loss Buffered through the evil
effects of wild-catting irresponsible speculators placing valueless propertied upon the market cannot beustiinnted with
any degree of accuracy. It is incalculable. An early and long continued tendency on the part of eastern capital to
seek Investment in the mineral belt was
finally checked by a pyrotechnic display
of wild-cutting that would have ruined
a less prosperous country. Tbe feverish
desire to realize large Bums on properties destitute of even prospective values
had its day and its influence is felt iu
legitimate mining in various directions.
Confidence in undeveloped properties
was seriously impaired by the wild-cat
speculator: and the Eastern investors
now refuse to assume the burdens of development iu part aud thus relieve tho
Btraiu on local capital. There is no reason
why the small capitalist,who is not able
to purchase a mine,should not assist iu
converting a promising prospect into a
producer,sharing with local owners llio
responsibilities involved and enjoyin*-
tbe profits that accrue. Confidence iu
the character of the undeveloped claim
is alone required to induce investments
of this kind. That confidence, ho seriously checked by the wild cat speculator,
must be inspired by conservative and
honest methods all along tho line. The
great need of tht hour in the mineral
holt is money with which promising
prospect! may be passed through the
preliminary stages of mine making. The
caution with which the capitalist now
approaches a western milling proposition
has been taught bim while hunting
gatnt iu the wild cat preserves. Commendable iu itself, and ��� based on siiu.i-l
business principles, it is carried to au
extreme when it demands a pay mine of
demonstrated value before' its pur.iu'
strings aro unloosed, lu. every'other
line of investment capital assumes a fair
proportion of the risks, when the pcr-
cenlai'cs are in its favor, and wins or
loses willi its tread; but in tbu mining
baseness, thanks to thedisastroiiB career
of tilt wild eat speculator, it deiuau.is
tlie privilege of fortifying Itself against
the usual responsibilities of au investment. Honest treatment can alone induce capital toseek Investment iu nude,
veloped milling claims, and honest
treatment will in time counteract the
speculative errors of the past and bring
aid to the prospectors and plonoerfl whu>
are opening np new mining camp.**.
Mining has lost much of its risk in the
wider knowledge of our mineral fields
anil in improved methods for the treatment of ores. Mineral..gical and geological conditions indicate the prospective
value of a claim quite as fully as soil mid
climate and variable markets indicate
the ability of the investor in farm loans
to realize ou his money, or the ever
changing conditions of manufactures to
tiring profit to the capitalist. The wild
cat speculator has given birth lo tha
ilea that mining is a gamble, whereas it
is a legitimate, conservative business
proposition when conducted with the
lorosight demanded by every other line
of investment. If disappointments aro
more frequent iu proportion to tho
amount invested it is likewise true thut
the rewards ore greater. Let us hope
that returning prosperity throughout
the etuirt country, which will bring to
the mineral bells of ihe West au abundance of capital, will find Ihe wild cut
preserves lortver destroyed.���Exchange,
The Klondike Craze.
Men who went to tho Klondike with
nothing but a modest outfit and a stock
of provisions sufficient to last them a
few months have come back with fui-
tunes. A gold fe*.er has broken out all
over the world, where tne desire for
wealth exi-la. It has permeated all
classes of the masses in this country and
elsewhere, wherever the craze has strtlel..
What au exodus and trooping into the
promised land. The ru-.li will he a mad
one. Lawyers deserting their cases,
clerks thoir desks, merchants their
stores, iu their desire to gel off lo th,*i
golden regions in tho fur norlb.-wlM'ie a
competency for life, if not. indeed, a
large fortune, is to be bad,for u few
months' work and the hurdships of
roughing it iu an inclement climate, Tim
fever hus struck tlie policemen, who are
dolling their uniforms and the firemen,
who are ablaze with the thoughts ni the
riches hidden under the gravel of tho
banks of the Klondike. The coast towns
have never witnessed anything like it
before, aud never will again. '1 hey will
have a hilly time and coin money. ' But
what if those who go to the Klondike
tail to appreciate and be fortified for tbe
privations and hardships that they must
endure. They will return poor in health
and pocket, and with might but encouraging words for the country. Othors
will succeed but they will ho tho few.
In all probability for every dollar taken
out of the Yukoii its extraction will coat
ninety cents if not more. Permanent
results will follow. Attention will be
directed to the mineral wealth of tho
northern districts included in British
Columbia and the Northwest Territories.
Mining enterprises will be started, and
with them will go the other and subsidiary undertakings which furnish employment for labor ami investments for capital, while the commerce and industries
of tho 1'iicilic coast cities will be benefited by ihe new markets which tvijl la).
opened for. commodities ol/oil kindt*. A Weekly Journal, published evsry Tbum-Jay
in tbe interest of tho Kust Kootonay District
tualtltig closest connections with all trains and
taall route*.
SUBBCIUPTION UATSS:  By wall or oarriar,
%i.i*i per your in advance,
ADVERTISING IUTK8: Display atll. IUDp��
���column Inch, -fa.00 par i-olumu luoli when Inserted un the lulu page ; legal uds. iu rents per
fnoupareit) line for first tusertiou, 5 cents per
line iur each additional insertion; re��<liug
notices ij cents pur Hue each lusurtiou.
Changes of ads. must btciu office uotUwrihau
WiUii-Wlty.
Birth, warringo nnd death nottaes Inserted
free.
JOB DEPARTMENT! Our Job Department
Is tho best equipped printing office in blnst
Kooteuuy and is prepared to do neat, artistic
iiri minx nt a reasonable prlcu, One juice to ull.
jail orders receive prompt attuutlou.
COHRK8I'ONDKNT3; Wa invite correipon-
dencu on auy subject of interest to tbe general
publhiund desire u regular correspondent at
���very point in the District, lu alt casuj the
bona iii.ie name u( writer must aOcompany tbe
ineuuserlpt, nol necessarily tor publication
bui hn a guarantee ot good faith.
Correspondence with reference to any utattet
that has appeared in another paper must iir*t
beiiBji-km iithat paper Ior publication beture
It can appear in "Tim Minks."
Address all communications
THE EAST KOOTENAY PUB. CO.
tioldeu, Ii. 0.
THCUSDAY, DEC. 30 ,1807.
H
THE   LOCATION    OF
CLAIMS.
MINERAL
Iii u short conversation during the
summer lust put with th* editor oi the
Nelson Tribune, I expressed my decided i
opinion tlmt the law regulating the location of mineral claims iu tliis province
should ho amended in thin particular,
that within Blxty, or perhaps ninety
days, after the staking of it claim a certain amount nf work on this chum before
it can bo recorded should be mude imperative, 1 did not make this fitatsmenl
for publication but I am glad it haB
appeared if itwill only assure discussion,
hut I was mis shttod iu one point in that
I did not then npucify that tho amount
ol" work to bo done should equal in value
$100, aa this amount would he both
���eiceflsive and prohibitive.
Having been over a largo part of this
province uiul met many milling men and
prospectors to whom I have stated my
opinion us above, 1 have yet to find one
man who has not instantly agreed with
me that Lucli a requirement as 1 suggest
should b|i enacted.
Tho mining laws of tliis province
relating to mineral claims are simple
and extremely liberal, but the attempt
to limit thu number of claims that ono
person may locate on a vein or deposit
to one, was at once nullified when right
to purchase (that could hardly be denied)
was granted, for, provided with a shea!
of miners' licenses, an axe aud a pencil,
n man can stake out and locate as many
claims as he feels disposed.
Under the present regulations it has
lieen possible for a comparatively few
men to effectually lock up great areas of
valuable mineral laud by simply putting
up three stakes on each claim, which
claims are sometimes recorded aud very
often not. That the annual assessment
work required by law id not being done !
on tt very large proportion of these
claims is a notorious fact as this requirement is simply evaded hy the now universal subterfuge of re-location of these
claims in the names of other parties who
at once deed them back by bill of sale to
the locator. Thus from year to year
thousands of acres of good land aro being
held on which not even search is being
made for leads that might otherwise
thero be found.
ln every district I have visited in
heard this complaint. It is a very common thing to find one man holding from
ten to fifteen locations and quite often
from twenty to forty. In the Trout
hake district I was told of one man who
held seventy claims, and only during the
pUHt few days a man proudly told me
that he held two hundred locations, or
ten thousand acres of presumably miueral land. Many attempts have been
made in other mining countries to overcome tliis very same difficulty, aud some
havo adopted intricate and arbitrary
laws that would not serve here. A simple yet absolute method is the best, and
the bwst I believe, is tlie one suggested
already. In Colorado for many years
the prospector, after discovery, has had
to sink a ton-foot hold on the vein or
run a cut to expose a face ton feet high
on the vein, lu Montana this same
amount has lately been required, while
in California $50 worth of work is stipulated to be done iu a certain time before
record.
Such a regulation here would at once
open up a large extent of territory held
by men on pure speculation who are
only hoping in many cases to make a
tew dollars by their sale, and I know
much good ground would then be carefully prospected by honest prospectors
who to-day aro being forced to leave
most desirable districts because everywhere they are confronted hy stakes on
claimB many of which have never been
recorded, but to ascertain which these
men will not tramp many difficult miles
to the recorder's office; and such mon
who would carefully look over the
ground and work it if anything were
found, 'simply move off to some other
part probably to be again confronted hy
these ubiquitous stakes.
Among  tho 'mountains We have two
glasses of mon.    The first is tho true
prospector who zealously aud laboriously
tramps thu trackless ranges often entirely alone for weeks enduring much i
hardship and fatigue, the intrepid |
pioneers. These men, when they Imvej
made a discovery, art ready and willing
to work, to develope and detemiue what
they have found, do work that is the
foundation of the mining industry, nnd
to such the law should extend help and
absolute protection.
But thore is a second and a large class
ot men who wait around the mining
towns and camps and us soou as a discovery is noised about, stamped* to that
point and stake uEE claims iu every direction, utterly regardless of the requirements of " mineral iu placo," often
staking off claims with deep snow covering tbe ground. Thus, as cau bs pointed
out at many places, tlie country for
miles about a promising location, iu1
quickly staked off, after which these
men return to town and await developments with tittle or ho intention of doing
any further work themselves or perhaps
.... is often the case, only tlie amall
amount of work they perjure themselves
by swearing as being worth $100 its required by law.
That this condition of affairs exist*
throughout the province cannot be gainsaid, thai it is checking iu a very serious
manner tbo development of mining districts I have not a doubt, and for this
reason have taken this liberty of advancing tin. opinion that this promiscuous and
unlawful slaking of claimB should be
stopped, for, if this work before recording is exacted, ground will lie far more
carefully prospected before being staked
and the genuine prospector will have a
much falror opportunity. Another
phase that may be mentioned is tnat
would-be buyers of ground (they suspect
to bo good by its location) are at once
faced by tho alternative of eithor paying
in many instances, excessive prices, for
claims on which nothing has been done,
or for the privilege of doing so, or must
leave in disgust. It must be remembered that our mineral claims have a most
generous area and that with areas ovor a
quarter of a mile square, held by merely
putting up these stakes and blazing ��
line between them, a large extent of
maybe valuable land can soon be effectually but determinedly tied up. Again,
no man betters himself by holding a
large number of claims unless he has
tho means to carefully prospect each of
thorn, but as is often the case, many
locators possess little more than their
grub-stake, and hence are simply unable
to do justice to their numerous properties, being far worse off than if they
would bond all their energies aud expend
all their means in developing as far as
possible, at the most, not more than two
or three locations, proving to a certain
extent their true value. Such claims,
if possessing merit, can now be sold with
little trouble, if the buyer has the advantage of a certain amount of underground
work to aid him in arriving at a clearer
judgment of the conditions as thoy exist,
for as it is, at present, the constant complaint of the many men seeking good
properties, is this very lack of work and
the prospectors are the sufferers, for
they can but seldom sell their prospects
or not at prices they might easily command had they concentrated their Work
and not frittered it over more tlaims
than they could manage.
Some will contend that this work will
he too great a hardship considering tlie
heavy country that is being prospected,
but it cannot equal the hardship now
being felt under the present greedy
grabbing up of so much land by a few.
Most experienced prospectors have been
accustomed to do this work.
The old objection to the case of locations being made late in the sbason
when such work could only he done under the greatest difficulty, will, of course,
be advanced, but old hands will know
this is an objection more in words than
in fact, and very seldom would au ex
treme case occur.
Making this work compulsory within
a certain time belore recording is, 1
believe, the simplest and most eflicacious
plan devised, for if a subsequent pros-j
pector finding stakes, finds no work
done within the proper t'me, he knows
the laud is open to location, and again
the pernicious method of re-location to
avoid assessment work, will be practically stopped when any such work done
at discovery cannot be declared upon
more than once.
Keeling strongly that some change is
demanded to correct a very growing evil
aud thut tho remedy suggested is the
simplest and the best, und one that wil
he at once agreed to by the large major'
ity of mining men aud prospectors in the
province, 1 havo not hesitated to state
more clearly my opinions than have
already, but inadvertently, appeared in
part in tho press.���AV. A. Carlyle in the
B.C. Mining Kecord.
Canadian
Pacific Ry.
���*���*.���
The
LICINCI   Al'THORISlNU   AN   KXTltA-PUO-
V1NCIAL   COMPANY  TO CASHY
ON BUSINESS.
..Ce-LVisili Act, 1887."
Canada: i
Provini-k of lilLUI.U cou-kiia. t '
No. 11/117.
���plllS IS TO CERTIFY that Ike "Golden Bri-
I Uh Columbia, Limited,*' id authorised and
licensed lo carry ou busium willilu the Province ol British Columbia, aud lo carry outer
cftiiut all or auy of the objects hereinafter sel
lorth to which the legislative authority of Ihe
Legislature ol British Columbia e-tteuds.
The head office of the Compuuv is situate at
No. II, Queen Street Place, City oi London, En***
lund.
The amount ol the capital ot the Company is
jCli.llOl); divided lulu six thousaud shares oi ��1
each.
Whether the route to Klondike be via St. Michaels and
the Yukon, or via Dyea or
Skaguay and the Ohilcat,
Ghilcoot or White Passes or
via tlio Stickeen Kiver route,
which is the most likely, or
via the Edmonton, -Vsheroft
and the different routes, the
Canadian Pacific Railway
will be the tho best if not the
only route to travel by.
Full information will soon
be in tho hands of all agents
of tho Canadian Pacific Railway company, the company
are now making enquiries to
ascertain before advising the
public, which will be tho best
routo to go in by. From information in its possession a!
too early start does not necessarily mean first arrival at
the Klondike. Ample time
will be allowed for all necessary arrangements.
If you are going East or to
the Old country this Fall,
write for a list of the rates to
be in effect.
If you are looking for a
placo to spend the winter,
Japan & The Hawaiian
Islands are reached as easy
as other points and the expense is less than at other
resorts.
For full information and
particulars, apply to your
nearest agent or address
Robert Kerr,
Traffic Manager,
Winnipeg, Man.
PROVINCIAL BBORETAUY'B OFFICE,
Ulfl HONOt'K the LieMcnnnt-Covornor h.s
been pleased u
polntiiii'Ut
to mate  the following ap-
15th November, 18117.
Frank Hoi-GlfTON of Moyie I.iiltc, Kast Koote*
nny, Ksqulrt, C.K.,to be a Justice of the l'eace
within and for tiie County of Kootenay.
NOTICE.
AWNERB of Placer Claims art Invited to nerd
" a few entices ot the black or _tty ���and, obtained In wssbiujr the gravel Ior koM, to '; Tbe
Provincial MlniTuloKist, Bureau ot Mines, Victoria," stating the name of tlie creek from
which the sand In taken, and Its locality.
It ii believed that PLATINUM, and perhaps
IKllHt.'M, nre frequently panned over and loit
U the prospector, an they have much the appearance in Iron tn the Hand. These minerals
art1 at valuable as gold, the tatter more so, and
II the placer claim owners will send the black
or gray saud as aforesaid it will ha assayed and
the results given to the owner.
JAMES MAKER,
dlMl Minister of Minn.
iuto six thousaud shares of ��1
The head office of th* Company in this Province is situate at Uoldtm, and William Uilbert
Milcbell-luuCi, whose address la tiolduii- Brit-
ir.li Columbia, is the Attorney for the Company.
The objects tor which thu Company haa been
established and so ltcoused tire:���
[tt.] To purchase, take on tease, or otherwise
upiuiiv. mines. iuIuIuk rights, and metalliferous land and any interest therein, and to explore, work, exercise, develop and turn to
account the same:
[b] To Crush, win, get, quarry, ami-It, culciue,
re'ii uc, dress, amalgamate, maul pulate,purchane
and prepare tor market, ore, metal, aud mineral subfltaucCH of all kinds, and to carry on,
either upnu or in conuecliou with the premises
or elsewhere, the buslueas of miners, millers,
smelters, ami workers ot any processes iu the
production, reiluctiou and making mm-haut-
ablUj of minerals,metals and metallic producta,
supplies of water, merchants, and uumufaciur-
urs, and workers of anv mineralu, metals, arti-
clufl and thiugn used in or ill couuectiou with
mining, mitlinn, smelling, uud other procehaes
aioresaid, or auy ol them:
[e] To search for mines aud minerals cither
mi laud known to coutaiu such miues and minerals or otherwise, and to buy aud sell, lease
or take up tUe rights of search or other miner*1
lipids or claims under auy mining statutes or
regulations of anyplace where the Company
carried on operations, uud any other rights respecting the same:
[d] To acquire options, or enter iuto contract*
for the purchase ol any grants, eouec.islous,
leases or setts, easements or interests iu landl,
waters, luillsilus, townsiles, mines, minerals,
and other hereditaments, and any plant, machinery, Implements, conveniences, provisions
and things, and auy other property, real or
personal, movable or Immovable, tor purposes
incidental thereto or to auy other objects ol the
Company, or capable of being used lu connection with metallurgical operations or required
by workmen or others employed by the Company, and to work, trausier, let or sublet the
same:
[a) To acquire auy inventions, letters patent
or licenses, capable of being uaed for the purposes of the Company, or any of them, aud to
work, transfer, let, or sublet the same:
f. To acquire and uuderiake the whole or any
part of the business, property aud liabilities, ol
nny person or company carrying on any business which this Company is authorised to carry
on; and to acquire and hold auy shares, stocks,
bonds, obligations, debentures, securities, negotiable or otherwise, ol or other Interests lu
any English, colonial or other companies, associations or undertakings capable ol being managed or conducted so as directly or indirectly
to benefit the business ut the Company. Also
to advance money on any such shares, stocks,
bonds, obligations, debentures, securities of or
other interest in such companies, associations
or undertakings, aud to accept such shares or !
itocks, bonds, obligations, debentures or secur-
ties as partial or full security for payments due
to the Company:
g. To acquire, construct or hire, or join with
others tu acquiring, constructing or hiring any
mills, canals, waterworks, machinery, roads,
bridges, tramways, railways, engines, plant,
stocks, buildings, worts, matters or tilings
which may be necessary or convenient for the
purposes of the Company, or auy of them, ana
to the working of the same or auy part thereot:
h. To improve, manage, develop, let underlet
or sell, or otherwise dispone of, charge ur deal
with, in any manner whatsoever, the under-
takiug or any part or parts of the property of
the Company, or auy rights, way-leaves or
easements in or over the same, and to accept as
payment therefor cither cash or shares, or
partly cash and partly shares, in any other
company purchasing tbe same;
1. To establish and maintain agencies of the
Company in any color.y, dominion, foreign
country or state, and to procure the Compauy
to be registered or incorporated Id any sucu
colony, dominion, foreign country or state:
j. To amalgamate with any other company
having objects altogether or in part similar to
the oojecu of thia Company, and to enter into
partnership, joint adventure, reciprocal uon-
ccmiou or otherwise, with any company or
persou or Arm eugaged or about to engage in.
auy business Or transaction which this Company is authorized to engage in, or capable ot
oclng conducted so as directly or indirectly te
beuelit this Company:
It. To bold, in the names of others, any property which the Compauy Is authorised to
acquire, and to carry on or do any uf th*
Businesses and actsand things aforesaid, either
as principal or agent, and either by tue agency
of or as agents'or trustees for others:
1. To make, purchase, sell, accept or indorse
bills of exchange aud other instruments, negotiate or otbcrwise,and to borrow money either
with or without security, and either upon negotiable instruments or otherwise, Including
the ihtue of debeuturcs charged upon all or auy
ol the company's property (both present aud
future), including its uncalled capital:
in. To promote and form other companies for
any of the objects mentioned in this Memorandum:
n. l'o Invest and deal with the moneys of tbe
Company not immediately required upon hucU
securities and iu such manner as Irom time to
time be determined:
o. To distribute any of the property of the
Companv among the members iu specie:
p. To carry on business in any part of the
world aud to do all such things as are Incidental or conducive lo tbe attalument of tbe above
objects.
(iiveu under my band and seal of office at
Victoria, Province of British Columbia, this
19th day oi October, one thousand eight hundred and aiutty-seveu.
[Lj.j t. y. woottom,
03*9-4*.      Registrar ot Jeiut Stock Companies.
Golden kamber Co.,
Manuftcturai-t of and Pnmlirnln m.
Dous-liw Fir,   Spruce und Cellar Lumber,   Siding and Fleerlaf,
Diuittiiiiiou Timber,   Cedar Shingles,   Fence l'o.ts,
Telegraph,   Telephone   and   KleeU'ic
Ught 1'olev, Lath, Kte.
Contractors to tho C.P.R. Ry.
The Golden Lumber Co.,
4
(Limited Liability.)
S. BARBER,
SICBETARY.
S. ADLER, Proprietor.
GOLDEN,
0        Be      C.
Flrst-Clais in every particular.  Convenient te Railway Bapot and BtaambMt Until*.
Rates Reasonable.   Free Sample Rooms.
The Tram Car leaves Kootenay Mouse, connecting with Steamer for Fart Mania ��*Mf7
Monday and Friday after arrival of train lr��m the wast.
Headquarters for Commercial
and Mining Men.
TRAVELLERS-
For Home ComforU ���
Modern Conveniences ���
Best Cuisine in the West
Commodious Sample Rooms
V;uijihiwuiuuj   uuuiMi^   ���.*.w~~.
First-Class Brands of Liquors and Cigar*
Go to the    /D   �� L      .   _>
  Columbia Jtouse,
WM. McNEISH, Prop.
Headquarters for Mining Men.
RUSSELL HOUSE,
.j     ^a^Golden, B.C
'     GEORGE   MEADE,   Prop.
-^.Headquarter. For*******
Miners,  Prospectors  and  Lumbermen.
Spates $1.00 ZEPex 2Da*3T-
Boabd * Lodging $5 Per Week.    First Class Bab.
NOTICE.
A. Allan & Co.
Dry Goods, Carpets,
Gents' Furnishings,
Hats and Caps.
Mail Orders Eeceive Prompt Attention.
CALGARY, Alta.
NOTICE.
VOTICI 18 HKRERY OIVEN that application
1* will be made to tbe farllnmeut of Canada
and to the Legislative Assembly of the Province
of it/itUh Columbia at their respectiveaeaslons
lo incorporate a Company to construct a railway to be operated by steam or electricity from
a point at or near Cranbrook, in Y'.tM Kootenay,
llritish Columbia��� the most northerly point un
tlie Crow's Nest Hallway,���thence running in a
northerly direction up the.Kootenay Kiver to
Canal Flat; thence to tbe Columbia f-ake snd
In a northerly direction down the Columbia
River lo tbe Canoe Hiver; tbenco up tha Canoe
River aud across the Portage to the headwaters
of the Fraser Kiver; thence down the Kraser
Kiver to Oiscume Portage; thence across the
Portage to Parsnip Hiver; thence down the
Parsnip Kiver to Findlay River, aud up the
Findlay Kiver and across the divide to Frances
[,ake, end thence tothe Yukon, With power to
divert the route of the line north of Gisrome
Portage either by way of Deaae Lake or ai may
be found most suitable on further explorat lou,
With power to build aud operate branch lines
not exceeding sixty miles in length and all
COURT OF REVIBIOM.
NORTHKRR DIVISION OT K18T KOOTENAY.
A COURT of Revision and Appeal under the
" A-ii-.'-iM-j.-ut Ant. loSrt," mid amendment!
will be held at tbe Court House, at Golden, on
Moudav, ihcthliddny o{ January, 1898, and at
Donald ou Tuesday, the fourth day of January,
1899, both at eleven o'clock In the forenoon.
J. X. GRIFFITH,
Judge of the Court of Revision and Appeal.
Golden, 7th Dec. WW. -"**"
dlG-m
necessary brldgea aud roads. Also, to construct
and operate telegraph and telephone lliirs for
the transmission of messages for the public; to
build, acquire and operate steam and other
vessels and all necessary ferries, wharves aud
ducks; to take And use water for generating
eleetileltv, and to transmit and dispose nf the
power therefrom for lighting, heating and
motive purposed; with power also to carry on
thu business of a general trading company, uf
an expresseoinpany; a bo to own, manage and
lease hotels, to acquire, to acquire timber
limits and operate saw mills, for the production
and sale of lumber, nnd to mine, explore and
develop mineral lands and to carry on a general
miulng and ore smelting business, including
the erection and operation of smelters and
concentrators.
GIMM1IX A MAT,
Solicitors for Applicants,
Dated at Ottawa Mb November, l.1 w. <  lln-ttt
VOTICI la hereby given tbat application will
*���"    bo made to tbe Legislative Assembly of tbe
Prortnce of British Columbia, at Its uext session, for a Private  Hill to incorporate a Com-
fany tu build, equip, maintain and operate a
iue or lines of railway from a point at or near
Cranbrook, iu Eust Kootonay, thence by tbe
moat feasible route to the St. Mary's River;
thence   In a  westerly direction to the headwaters of St.Mary's River; and also In au caster-
ly aud northerly direction from some point on
the said line a branch line up the Kast Kootenay  Valley  to the neighbourhood of  Horse
Thief aud No. 2 creeks and the mincsin that,
vicinity; witli power lo tho said Company to
construct a line from the Hull River Group of
Mines, lu  Kast  Kootenay, to the  most  convenient    point   on   the    main   line of the
Crow's     Nest    Pass     Railway;      und      also
to authorize uud empower the Company,   to
build,   from   time   to  time,   branch   liueH  to
groups of mines am) concentrators from any ol
the three above-mentioned linen uf rallwavs,
such  branch  lines not to exceed  twenty (20)
miles lu length; with power to build telegraph
and telephone lines, and to equip and operate
the said railway aud its branches, and to ��rect
and maintain all ueeessnry works for the generation and    transmission ot    electricity or
power within the area of the operations of the
said Company; aud power to build, maintain
and operate wharves, doeks and steamboats,
saw-mills, and acquire waler privileges to construct dams, flumes, etc., for improving and
Increasing the water privileges, and to make
traffic or other arrangements with railways,
sten mbunt or other companies,and for all other
usual    aud    necessary    powers,    rights    or
privilege!
East Kootenay
Supply Store,
WINDERMERE,   B.C.
Groceries, Dry Goods A General Merchandise.
Supplies a Specialty.
Minns'
Windermere Hotel,
Mm���L_iJames A. Stoddart, Prop.
Choice VTintB, Liquor. ��r.d Cigtra.   Firtt cl��n MCOBBodttin.
WINDERMERE,   B.C..
IIOIlWKLI., 1RVINU A DUFF,
Solicitor, [or the Applicant..
Victor!., B.C., SStll October, lit). loot
East Kootenay^
Mining Stock List.
APPUCATIOH TO PARLIAMENT.
pUBI.IC NOTICE l> hereby ilven that appll-
1 cation will be made to tin. Parliament of
C-iiiada, at the next amnion thereof, lor an Act
chaiiRln*- the name of Tfie Dominion niiildin*;
ami i.,��hii AMOclatlon to that of The liomimou
Permanent Loan Company.
Patcil at Toronto, thi. 17th .lay of November,
A.ll., 1807.
MACDONALD, UOI.AND * THOMPSON,
3 Toronto Street, Toronto.
n2S*tt Solicitor, lor AppllcMU.
Namu or CoMPAXr.
The Gold Hilla C. A D. Co	
Kooten��y, Ooriboo M. 4 I. Co	
Golden A Fort Steele D. Co	
Alberta A Koolenty R. Co	
East Kootenay and Elk Hiver Develop
 mentjfcJ_Jploration_ Co...
CAPITAL.
(2,000,000
12,500,000
I 750,000
$ 500,000
I    75,000
PA�� TALOI.
$1.00
$1.00
$1.00
$1.00
$1.00
MIL. PUCS.
lit.
$1.0*
Ut.
THOMAS McNAUGHT,
MINING BROKER, GOLDEK, B.Ci
3F"axe
-FrQSli  Drue*   at   3D.   M.   CALDE23    &   Cto'fc   aoldLen, UP   ON   KLONDIKE.
Short Rations and Famine Prlcat at
Dawson  City.
The distress at Dawson City canted by
the shortage of proviaionsand everything
eist. with the exception of gold, wat not
relieved to any appreciable extent by
tha arrival" in'October of tlie tttameit
Bella and Weare. The eouditiont there
were just at bad���in fact, far worte, a
month afttr tha arrival of the tteamare
aa they were before they put in an
appearance with their tcanty cargoes.
.lust before the departure from Juneau
of the steamer City of Topeka, which
arrived at Victoria a few daya ago, the
old Indian mail carrier, Auk, arrived
from Dawton. He reported tlutt fully
one thousand men, if not more, were
strung along tbe trail from the metropolis of the Klondike to the Halt water.
They were all fleeing from starvation,
which iB now more threatening than
ever. From the Indian himself not
much information could be obtained,
but letters that he brought out are
aufficient to make thorn who have frienda
in the interior of the far northern conn
try feel anxious for them, and weie the
meant of making Humbert of men who
had started for Dawson turn their faces
southward.
E. IV. Pullin, of Seattle, who recently
went into the interior, writes that after
the government ollicials had posted their
bulletin warning the miners to get out of
the country if they valued their lives,
many of the men pooled what proviaiona
they had and drew lots to decide who
were to remain for the winter and who
were to attempt the trip to Fort Yukon
or to the coast. It waa a question as to
who were taking the greatest risks���
those who remained and set their minds
nn spending several months on short
rations, or thoee who faced a hard thirty
daya' trip witli just enough provisions to
last thorn, if they did not take too long,
thoae to whose lot it fell to leave the
country being grub-staked for the trip.
In this way the population was thinned
out, tome who had to go starting for
Fort Yukon and others for the coast.
l'ullin gives some prices which proviaiona now dtmand in Dawson, but he
dots not say that they can be bought,
even at the fabulously high prices
quoted. Flour ie werth from $75 to $100
for fifty pound sacks; beant, $1.60 per
pound; candles, $1.50 eack, and very
few of them at that; fresh fish, $1.25 a
pound and very scarce. Cooking utensils, too, are none too plentiful, men
. tatitfying themselves with pieces of tin
for frying pan and old tin cans for other
cooking purposes. It is all this discomfort and prospective misery that in
driving men oat of the country.
But despite all thia had newt, which
had been circulated around Skagway and
Dyea and along tha trails' leading to the
i lakes, where many men are camped
waiting for laks Bennett to completely
freeze over, it Wae not sullieient to
deter all of them from giving up the trip.
The men would listen to the news and
then go on with their preparations. Of
tonne they are taking in lots of proviaiona, and perhaps thit may help thoae
already there, but tiiere is a long winter
ahtad and it is hard to aay what it will
bring forth. . .
Ths following is an account bv a newspaper correspondent of his experience
going to Dawson City by boat:
" When we got to the canyon I looked
over ths ground snd found that the only
way possible was to, make the run
through it. Such an* exciting time I
shall nevtr forget. Marble and Stafford
were afraid to try it, so I got Charles
Clark and a young man named Morten)
to handle the oars. We took off our
boots, seats and hats and left in the
boats with about a ton of provisions.
With the boys at the oars and mytslf nt
the tiller we pulled into the centre of the
big eddy at the mouth of the canton. In
an instant we ehot into the canyon and
through boiling water. It gave me all I
could do to keep the boat straight.
Before we had time to be frightened we
were asfely on the outside, having run
flve-elghthi of a mile iu two minutes.
We then lauded and put in the rest of
our goodt and pulled down to White
Horse rapids. Here we found twelve
boats and about forty men and women.
Nona of them seemed to know what to
do.
" I examined the rapids carefully anil
called for volunteers to run our boats
through. Clark and Morbid stepped
up sad laid thsy would go anywhere I
would, although all ths others advised
us not to try it, they teemed very
anxious for soms one to make tbe run.
With (he entire party of 40 or SO men
and women lined up along the banks we
atarted. The boys were at the oars and
my hands were on the tiller. Just
before we struck the rapids I told tbem
to stop and forced the bow of the boat
square in the centre. For a half minute
we did not know il we were on our heads
or feet. The boat waa lifted in all kinda
of positions. The boat being so large 1
could hardly keep, her straight, but luck
and muscle pulling us through in about
two minutes three-quarters of a mile.
When we lauded there wat agreatcheer,
and Marble looked as happy at if he had
received a letter from home.
" Five or six men offered $25 each if we
would run their boats through, but the
risk is too great unless you are in your
own boat. By running ths rapids wo
saved two or three days' time snd s lot
ol hard work."
During ths run of ice the signs of
dlstrssi en ths river have been constant.
". ""���   '"���'! I
A boat from up the river was crushed
while attempting to make a landing hare
and six men were carried with it under
tht ice and lost, no vestige of them or
their bout or effect, h.ing recovered. It
'was growing dark at the time. James
Courtney, a butcher, expecting a raft of
meat, had witli some other fellow, gone
out ou tha ice to watch for it. He saw
the boat coming, and to him a man
called cheerily, asking him to take a line
which he wat preparing to throw. Tht
men seemed in fine humor at having
reached the end of their long journey.
Courtney called to them to be careful,
at their boat was approaching the edge
of the abort ice, with an immense lot of
floating ict pressing upon it. The men
answered, "All right; take the line."
As one of them lifted his arm to awing
it the boat struck the edge of the thore
ice and was instantly forced under it by
the ice behind. The six men, without a
cry, to quickly wae it done, were carried
with it; tlio ice closed over, crushed
them, threw some pieces of wood on the
sheet of smooth ice at the feet of the
appalled men standing on it and passed
on.
C'eurtney was intending to send some
men up the river to look after his overdue raft of meat and to bring it down in
case it had not started for lack of asBist-
ance. The shock he suffered at the sight
of the loss of the men changed his purpose. He built fireaou the shore and kept
them burning all night to aid the other
men in case they came to make a land
ing. The next day he sent a man up
the river to advise those in charge, in
case the raft was tied up, not to untie it
or bring it down until he was sure they
could effect a landing.
A raft that got in by daylight taw
wrecks of many boats up the river.
From fragments of the boats that are
seen floating down the river, they say al
least half a dozen parties have gone by
within two weeks of the run of ice in
boats and on rafts, unable to make the
landing. The ice extends for a third the
width of the river, and the current juat
at this place is extremely awift.
The other day, witli the river clear,
two barges came down with no occupants. They were recovered by men in
skiffs, and one of them was found to
contain a quantity of provisions.
These things but lightly indicate the
distress, Buffering and loss of life that is
bosetting the men who are still struggling to join the houseless aud unpro-
visioned crowd in Dawson City.
J.   F.
PUGH,  TAILOR,
GOLDEN, B.C.
INTERVIEW WITH THE PAY-MASTER OF THE  C. N. P. R.
Last week Tan Miner had the pleasure
of meeLing Mr. Walter Witten, pay-
mattor on the Crow's Nest I'aas Railway.
Mr. 'Witten wat returning frum one of
hit paying tours, which generally last
about u fortnight. His duties extend
from Lethbridge to Nelson, and he pays
all the employees of the C.N.It. Co. The
pay roll is a very large out between four
and five thousand men, and thia number
will be considerably increased when
spring arrives.
Macleod is tho headquarters, The
pay trip is made every month. On this
last trip Mr. Witten and his assistant
left Macleod on the 25th of November,
and went cast to Lethbridge, then returned to Macleod and left there for the
west on Dec. 1st, arriving in Nelson on
Dec. 18th. The entire distance traversed
ia about 400 miles. The distance from
Lethbridge to the Kootenay lake ia 315
miles. Out of the whole trip they had
only two fine days. It was storming and
blowing (he rest of the time. The journey was uiade this timo partly on
" wheels " and partly on " runners."
The wheels were used with some difficulty until Crow's Nest lake was reached
when thett were abandoned for the runners. The sleighing waa pretty fair
throughout.
On Tun Mixer enquiring how the
construction work was proceeding he
informed the work on the railway it
progressing rapidly. The whole track
was then laid and completed from Macleod for 18 miles cast and for 30 miles
west. The track was graded between
Lethbridge and Macleod a distance of 35
miles. From Lethbridge the track had
been laid and completed for li miles
west. The whole grading lis. been finished up to the Crow'e Nest lake, a
distance of about 100 miles, and as soon
at the bridges aud trestles are completed
tracklaying will quickly proceed. The
heaviest bridging ia over the Old Man
river, and the heaviest trestle work ovor
the Sixteen Mile Caulse. This track
will be laid, completed and locntnotivcB
running to the Crow't Neat Lake long
before the approach of apring.
Right along from the l'asa to the
Kootenay lake grading is proceeding
rapidly all along the different sections.
Bridge building and nestling is going on.
The piers und abutments of sll the
bridges including the one over tbe
Kootenay river will lie built this winter.
Most of the tunnelling and heavy rock
work will also be completed.
The Nelson section wett of the Kootenay lake will be taken in hand next
month, when the engineers will go over
the ground and locate the line. All the
tote roads are finished.
The biggest camp at this present timt
is the one between Goat river crossing
and the Moyie lake. There is also a big
camp at the east end of Moyie lake,
Swansea, over 100 men. Thest are O.P.
R. camps, not construction camps.
Thoao latter aro dotted all along the line'
ol couttruction, varying from 25 up to  X        T_7        X^TTJ/"^ TT^C
150 m��h.   The headquarters of construe-1 jj ���      .IT e      -IT %J VJJXl l3
tion is about 30 miles wont from Crow's
Neat lake.   This is Nash'fi headquarters.
Here are about 181) men and here the
time is kept for the employees who are
working  at  the  vai-iont  camps undoi*
Nash. The tote roads having besn finished the men arc now busy on the right
of way.
Long before tbe autumn of next year
sheds its leaves the line will be in active
operation to the Kootenay lake, and in
Nelson  before  the    arrival   of    next
Christmas.
On Tue Mima venturing to enquire
regarding the rumort prevailing at to
numbers of the men not having been
treated  in  a  proper  manner  and  in
accordance with the agreements made,
Paymaster Witten very frankly stated
that in such a large body of men it is
impossibles to avoid mistakes, but there
are  rectified  at  the   earliest   possible
moment.   The men had no real cause
for complaint.   There were some who
may havo had grievances through misunderstandings as to tbe terms of their
engagement,   not    having   taken   the
trouble to make full enguiriea as to the
precise   terms   of  their engagements.
Then  in   such   bigs crowds, tiiere arc
always " chronic kickers" and "camp
lawyers," who stir up discontent and
breed trouble.   These our camps have
not been free from, and it is  easy   to
preach a gospel of discontent and secure
believers und time create friction.
The food is good and wholesome and
ample, and there cannot be any reasonable complaint on  tliis ground;   and
tiiere are no reasons now for complaint
as to shelter.   The men aro going into
winter camp.   They will be housed in
comfortable log houses, well built and
well heated.
There are seven doctors on the line,
and the charge of fifty cents per month
does not seem unreasonable for everything that is supplied.   There are no
charges for hospital, medicines or extra
nourishment. All is included, and the
doctors   devote   tlieir   whole  time  in
travelling about from camp to camp.
Then as to the complaints about poBtal
charges.   It is only in the distant camps
where this charge is made. Tlie camps
near a government postal delivery are
not charged anything.
There wore men who came to work
who were utterly unfitted. Some of the
agents in the east sent out men who
were not capable of bundling pick and
shovel���men who had never done a hard
dny't work and did not know what
physical labor was, to toil by the sweat
of the brow; these were not a bit of use
and were naturally discontented; they
were young men from the Old Country
and cities in the east���these latter being
clerks and ex-salesmen. A great many
have gone, out some of them have
buckltd to and stuck to it. ln a big
undertaking such as this men are continually coming aud going the whole
time.
When the paymaster is out on his
duties hit outfit consists of himself, his
assistant, a driver and an escort of four
mounted policemen. They are all well
armed and all able te give a good
account of themselves. They are seven
men and six horses. All the wages are
in bills and silver. When the railway is
more forward this outfit will be dispensed with and the pay-car substituted.
EAST KOOTENAY OFFICIALS
Minister of Mine, and Provincial BMretary���
Hon. Col. .lame. Baker.
Provincial Mln.ralOKlst��� W. A. C.rlyl..
Public Assayer -H. Carmicliael.
worn coXNiH.ioNai-i.
Tor the Province���W. S. Gor. Victoria
Bomb District comprising Port Mlccle and Tobacco Plains  Milling  Divisions-J.  F. Arm-
.trona Cranbrook
Nortli tli.trict comprising Donald, Golden and
Windermere Mining Divisions-J. E. Hrlfflths
 Donald
NIBIKO nsco.DB.s
J. Stirret Donald
V. c.tljing Golden
0. Ooldie Windermere
C. M. Edwards..  fori Steele
M. Phillips Tobacco Plain,-
Deputy Clerk of the Peace for North East Koot-
enay Josiah Hlirrett Donald
Deputy Clerk ef lh. Peace lor South East Koot-
euay���Charles Maasey Edward..... Kort Steele
Subscribe
for
"THE MINER"
for
1898.
Kootenay
House,
WARDNER, B.C.
The moat comfortable hotel in South
Rust Kootenny. Good Tab'e. Good
Winei. Good Attendance Terms
Moderate.
Wm.   Eschwig,   Prop.
FKBE   MINERS.
Extracts From British Columbia
Statutes   Explaining Fully th
Value and Necessity of a ** Fre
Miners "  Certificate--No  Person   Shonlil   Attempt   Mining:
Without One.
Any person ��v��r 18 yean of age, mav bf
font' 11 Iree miner by paying |6 lo any gold
commissioner or laim-rat murder and obtaiu-
ing n ccrtiflrate good for ono year.
A free miner may obtain a new certificate for
one lost on paying Ji.
A frw Miner's certificate ia not transferable.
Any person or company working a mineral
claim, liold aa real vstate without license, mar
be lined fib. Mine.-) become real estate alter
crown grant baa bt'en issued.
Should co-owner 'ail to pay up his free miner'*
certilieate hla in turns t goes to hi* co-owners pro
rut it acrordiuR to tlieir former interest*.
A Hhariiiolder iu a Joint stock company need
uot bun free miner.
A free miner may claim 1500x1,VX) fret. Hut
all nngli's must tic right angles and all measur-
nii'iit must be horizontally.
A free minor may out timber on crown lands.
A free miner may kill game for his own use
at all season*.
A free miner may obtain five acre millslte upon (Town lands in the form of u square.
A claim may bu hold from year to year by
work being done to the value of one hundred
dollars.
l.odi-d dinrov-arud in tunnel may bo held if recorded in IA days.
A free miner muy on payment of f-XK), In lieu of
expenditure on claim, obtain a crown grant.
Any miner may, at the discretion of the gold
commissioner, obtain uecossarv water rights.
No transfer of anv mineral claim or interest
shall he enforceable unless In writing, signed
and recorded.
No minor shall suffer from any act of omission
or commission, or delays on the part of tbe
government officials.
No claim shall he open to lunation during
last illnesss of holder, nor wilhiu VI months
after his death, unless by permission of gold
commissioner.
A mineral claim must be recorded within 16
days after location, if witlilu 10 miles of office
of mining recorder. One additional dav is al-
owed for every additional 10 miles or fraction
hereof.
ANNUAL LABOR.
Work on each mining claim to the value of
$100 must bo done each year from date of record of mineral claim- Affidavit made bv tht
bolder, or his agunt, setting out a detailed
statement of tlio work done must be tiled with
the gold coiumissionsr or mining recorder, and
a certificate of work obtained, nnd recorded before the expiration of each year from the date
of record of said claim. A free miner holding
adjoining claims, may subject to riling notice
of lils intention with the gold commissioner or
mining recorder perforin on nny one or morcof
such claims, ull the work re<]tiircd tu untitle
htm to a certilieate of work for each claim. The
same provision applies to two or more free inin-
���rt holding" adjoining claims in partnership.
In lien of above work the raiuar must pay |100
and get receipt and record the same.
��
V
Situated on Perry Creek,
25 Miles From Fort Steele,    \
East Kootenay*
mttttttttttttt
LOTS FOR SflltE
$75 to $150 Each according to
location.
Ter:ms:
Onr-tliinl (liiwn, linliiiicc In three and six
months, without interest.
Tempest & Co.5
Agents, CALGARY.
Upper Coiumbia-
/favigation & Gramtvay
Co., Limited,  and
International Transportation Company.
Connecting with the C. P.' R. at Golden, R. C.
Great Northern Railway at Jennings, Montana.
and
Wardner^________Be_v
Transfer Co'y.
Wardner, S.E. Kootonay.
LIVBRT A TIED STABLES.
PACK TRAINS SUPPLIED.
Tlio be.t stopping place for freighters in
Columbia Valley is tt
Tom Martin's Hotol
Windermere.
Good accommodation A Moderate Terms
First class Feed Stables.
Printing I
*���%*���������***.
We wi8h to inform the
public that wo are prepared
to do   Neat,   Artistic,
Up To Date Printing
in all its branchos.
The   Only   Quick   and   Comfortable   Route.
Address all express caro of U. C. Co'y, Golden.
F. P. ARMSTRONG,
MANAGER.
"���MP*"    ������IL"""'".
CARLIN & DURICK
General
Merchants
FORT STEELE, B. O.
��>/\/>^/S-^^
Miners Supplies a Specialty.
Agent for the California Giant Fowder Compay.
LEADING   HOU  E.
^-������-���i
Statements
Memorandums
Circulars
Envelopes
Note Heads
Let (or Heads
Bill Heads
Rand Billa
Calling Cards
business Cards
Law Briefs
Lumber Books
Bank Work
Promisory Notes
Receipt Forms
Share certiorates
Assay Forms
Druggists (Abels
No Job too
LARGE
No Job too
Small
FOR    US
East Kootenay Pub. Co.
Golden, B. C.
Balgardne * Hetel
Fort Steel��, 3. C
Choicr Wikrs, Liquors ajh> Cigars.
R. D. MATHER, Proprietor
Haleyon Hot Springs
<*^Sanitarium^~>
Th. Fiuo.t Health Retort on the Continent.
PrJT.te Hospital tinder medical superintendence with a Trained StafT of Nurses.
Complete Sv.tew ef Baths, ol ...ry kind
and description.
BRITT, B.icrr
DR. 8PANKII.
Medical Director���DR. R. O
Resident Physician A Surgeon*
UPPER ARROW LAKE, WEST KOOTENAY.
Subscribe for �� THE MINER."
dfcbd.'srestis��   in    "THE     E.A.ST      2COOTB^T-A-"2T     atflCTXER;' f
LOCAL AND GENERAL
A HAPPY SEW YEAR,
Tho publio school will reopen on
Monday.
H. 6. Parson is about to take stock
and is offering goods at very low prices.
If you want bargains call ut the Big
fltori'.
The Golden Curing Club have received a cordial invitattjlrfroui the St. Paul,
Minn, curling club, to their sixth annual
bonspiel, commencing Jan. 17th,
R. W. Vclntyro, of the Irrigation
pflice, Calgary, was married Monday
morning to Mrs. MacDonald, widow of
ihe lute Gi A. J. MacDonald, o! Calgary.
Mr. Frank Houghton ot Movie Lake,
East Kootenuy, civil engineer, has been
appointed a Justice of the. Peace Ior and
within the County of Kuotomiy, Notice
of his appointment aprearB in last week's
Gazette,
A number of laborers Irom the Crow's
Nest I'ass railway, who have returned to
Ottawa have taken action against the
company Ior the treiitmeiH to them
while there. They have engaged Frank
l.atchlord.
Pome person or persons unknown entered Tom Lee's restaurant on Thursday
night about 12 o'clock, and helped
themselves to the contents of the till���
���10.15. The constable is on the hunt for
thu culprit.
A meeting of the curling club will be
held at the Columbia House on Tuesday
evening for the purpose of selecting
rinks to represent the club at the Oil-
Kary bonspiel, which takes place the
latter end of January.
Goorge Mitchell has secured employment in the establishment of II. G. Parson, Golden, and loam for that town
nejst week.���Calgary Herald.
George will be a welcome addition to
musical circles here.
Mr. .Tames Winn has completed this
week the plastering of Mr. G. Woodh-y's
cottage, making it one of the best finished houses in town. The cornices and
centra flowers are particularly tine and
proves Mr. Winn to be a master hand.
The police will bo entirely withdrawn
from liogiiia and their place will be
taken by the Dominion Royal DragoonB
Which are presently stationed at Winnipeg. Should more man be required
for tho Ytfkon the Calgary detachment
will b. drawn upon.
' The Field ball which take's place 0i>
Monday evening promises to lie a huge
tuccess. The arrangements made hy the
committee are most complete. A large
number of Goldenites aie promising
themselves a good tim. on this occasion.
The music will be furnished by the Calgary orchestra.
i Ten drivers for the dog trains belonging to the North West Mounted Police in
the Yukon district passed through Golden by Sunday's No. 1 train. Several
trains ol dogs passed through the previous week. More mounted police are to
follow until the force in tho Yukon is
increased to'.'50 men.
Mayor McCreary, Winnipeg, commis-
���ioner of immigration, has decided not
to Bend the buffaloes from Lord Strath*
tona's farm at Silver Heights, to Banfl
until spring. He has found the snow too
deep to drive the animals across the
prairies to the stock yards and has also
received word from Mr. Douglas, superintendent of the National Park at Banff,
that he cannot take tho hord until
spring.
Wo would remind the public of the
hospital ball which takes place on Wednesday evening next in tlie Oddfollowe'
Hall. The programme is all that could
be desired and with the first class music
which has been secured for the occasion
th. ball promises to eclipse anything ol
the kind previously given in Golden.
A large number of friends in Donald,
Field and the surrounding district have
Signified tlieir intention ol being present.
Tickets for gentlemen $2.50.
The Klondyke Mining Trading and
Transport Corporation ol which Sir C.
Tuppcr, Bart., is president and ex-
governor Dewdney is chairman, aro now
completing their arrangements to send
in their first expedition about the 15th
pf February. The expedition will be
accompanied by eighty teams of hones,
sleighs and three teams of dogs. The
expedition will sail in the corporation's
own steamer to Fort Wrangel. From
there the expedition will go up on ice on
the Stickeen river, passing the villages
of Glenora and Telegraph creek. From
this lattor place the snow road will be
followed to Teslin Lake. Ou arrival at
Teslin lake boats and scows will be
built to take tho party down the Uoota-
Jinqua river into the Yukon liver and
theuce on to Dawaon^ify. The price of
transportation for each person is ,500
and this covers food, shelter and the free
carriage of 4501bs. ol luggage. The provisions included in this -JOOlbs. can be
purchased at the corporation's stores at
Victoria. The corporation intend to
establish trading posts at Teslin lake,
Dawson City and other points in the
Yukon, An advance party leaves early
next month to go up the Stickeen rivor
to build camps and establish depots so
that everything will he in readfness for
the-espedition.* Ex-Governor Dewdney
who has spent the greater portion of his
Watlme in itiaking surveys and building
I trails in tho province,and who is familiar
from personal experience with the
I northern part ol tho province will
j accompany the expedition. The (torpor*.
' ation is aluo busy perfecting arrange-
I menls to transport passengers in their
; own ocean and river .steamboats to the
Stickeen, Yukon and over Lake Teslin.
As tbe curling match on Christmas
Day resulted in a draw it is understood
that it will be re-played on New Year's
Day. It is also understood that if the
Vice-President wins lie will offer to
change places with the President.
The Mining Journal says:���"If those
who think of going to the Klondyke to
get rich will work as hard and undergo
as many privations here at home in the
pursuit of money, they will, wc have no
doubt, be richer at the end of five years
hero than will be the average of those
who go. to the Yukon country," A
thought worth considering.
Mr. Jack Henderson was in Golden
last week looking after some ol his
mining claims in that division. The
Flying Dutchman on McMurdo creek, in
the Spillimacheen basin, has now a
considerable quantity of shipping ore in
sight. The claim adjoining it has been
bondeil to an English syndicate for
$45,000. The development on the Lincoln group, on Beaver creek, in Donald
mining division, belonging to Mr. Henderson anil Mr. Knoof is well advanced
Mr. Thomas McNaught, president ol
the Golden and Fort Steele Development
company, East Kootenny, departtd for
the Old Country on a visit ol a few
weeks. He will return in March. He
is taking with him 1200 pounds of ore
from the Mercier group of claims, one of
the company's properties at the head ol
Bugaboo croek, in the Windermere
mining division, in order to have a
completo milling test of the ores of these
promising claims made. The assays
hitherto obtained have gone as high as
175 ozs. of silver to the ton.
THS   BESOM   AND   3TANES.
DearMaisteiiEihteii,- Th.firstgran'
etirlin' game o' the season was played
on Christmas Day, bein' tho l'reesident
vs. Vice l'reesident match. The rinks
were drawn as follows:
PBEES1D1IST. VICK-rREEflimiST.
Charlie Warren Wullie McNeish
Wattie Houston Harry Parson
Dauvitt Haa Jamie Henderson
There was a great crood o' folk lookin'
on at a' the games, whilk wero played on
tho. river,tho ice in the rink no bein' vera
gil!*l, Tlie first game was played i'the
mornin' 'atween Jamie Henderson and
Dauvitt Kae, ;"' was raither a'e-sided.
Afore tho game l.a:' been satin on vera
lang it was plaiu tue he seen that
Dauvitt wad hae tae get up a wee biltie
earlier 1' the mornin' afore ho could bate
Jamie. Jamie's rink were a' in gnid
form, Geordie McDermot an' Jamie
bimsel' bein' in gran' fettle. Dauvitt'*
rink on the ither hauu' had no gotten
intao their warkiu' claes, but will try
an' gie a better account o' theirsels
neist time. . The game ended in a win
for Jamie by 12 points.
I' the efternune the ither twa games
were played. On No. 1 rink the Preesi-
dent and Vice-Precsident, in person, had
a hard fecht for Biipreemncy. As an
ootcnnie o' the mornin' game Wullie
McNeish had an awfu' big lead an'
Charlie Warren was determint ta�� bring
it dnon gye weel, if no wipe it oot
n'thigithcr. Wi' this end in view he
played cannily aud despite a' tho efforts
o' Wullie an' his rlfbthaun' man, Jamie
Winn, he won the game wi' 8 points tae
the guid, whilk reduced the Vic-Prcesi-
dent's majoritee tui I points.
On No, 2 rink Harry Parson an' Wattie
Houston wore haein' it hot an' heavy.
Wattie for the Prcesilent scored a
mucklo llvo I' the firat en'. This gamo
was vera excitin' as ou it depondit the
result o' the match. Harry skippit his
colts in guid style agin' tho uulder heeds
o' Wattie's rink. Wattie won hooever
by a score o' 13 tae I), whilk made tho
total score o' the Proosldent equally a*
guid as that o' the Vlco-Preesidont, an'
the match was declared a diaw,
Noo, Maister Editur,! wituin tresspass
ony further on yor valuable space ux-
ceptiu'to say that I'mgluod tao see sue
mucklo interest taen i' the roarin' game,
an' I hope the laddies wnll stick m tue
their practice, sae as tae mak' a guid
ahowin' at the Calgary bonspiel.
Golden, B.C., Sandy,
Dec. 28th, 1807.
After Col. Bak.r Now.
The Fort Steele Prospector will never
forgive Colonel Baker for being interested in a town that ia t* lie located on
the railroad. The Colonel Is abused because he owns several thousand acres of
valuable land around Cranbrook and ia
a mini.t.r of the Crown, The Colonel is
abused because he worked some ten
years to have a railroad built through
South East Kootenay, and is a minister
of the Crown. The' Colonel is abused
because that road is to be built, and
that the building of it may give him
somo returns for the time und money
expended, while he' is a minister of tlie
Crown. In fact, so far aa Colonel llaker
is concerned, witli the Prospector it is a
cane ol be damned if you do and be
damned if you don't. If the colonol
had given away his interests in his East
Kootenay property and the coal company and spent all he had in buying
lots in Fort. Steele, lie would bo called u
saint at odce and invited to sit on tho
sacred Fort. Stoele stool, with Venostu
on his riglit and Grace on his left, while
the band would play " On to Glory."���
The International.
Tho Union Christmas Tree.
| On Thursday evening the children of
j the different Sunday schools in Golden
j entertuine-J the people ut tho Alexander
| hall, the occasion being tlie annual
Christinas Tree. Tlie programme was
somewhat lengthy and exceedingly interesting in every respect. Each and
every one ot the children acquitted
themselves in a manner seldom seen
even in older people, whicli reflects great
credit on those who had the entertainment in hand. After the programme
was gone through Mr. Santa Clans, who
was on bis return home to the Klondike,
called in und expressed great pleasure in
meeting such a number of beautiful and
intelligent children of whom he said he
was proud. He kept himself busy distributing what presents he bad sent
ahead in order to have the tree decorated
in good time. Everybody got a present,
and a good one, too.
A good many remained after the entertainment to organize n dance, which was
kept up till midnight, when everyone
went home well satisfied with the fcven-
ing's enjoyment.
Important Deal Closed.
A sale involving a considerable sum
and of much importance to Golden was
consummated yesterday whereby the
Columbia liiver Lumber Co., I.t'd.,
acquire the business, stock and outfit of
the Golden Lumber Co. Negotiations
have been going on for some time and
ou rh. 1st January thu Columbia River
Lumber Co. will take possession. We
trust that Mr. Barber the manager ol
the Golden Lumber Co. will remain in
the district us Golden will lo*e ono of
her best men should he decide to locate
clsowhere
The Postmaster General's Unhappy
Position
It seems that unpleasant rumors were
set afloat with regard to Mr. Mulock,
because of his conenction with the
Farmer's Loan Association, as President
and Director. These rumors are fully
met by Mr. Mulock, and his explanation
is endorsed by Mr. E. B. Osier. Mr.
Mulock, as President and Director, was
simply misinformed, mislead and victimised. It is a question whether, un
der the circumstances, Mr. Mulock
ought to remain in tlie Cabinet. We do
not think it would be permitted in
England.���Toronto Mail.
Appliance*, for Testing Tellurium.
Any miner or prospector who has a
blow-pipe, alcohol lamp, and a few drops
of sulphuric acid can, in a few minutes,
tell whether tellurium is present in ores.
All that iB necessary ie to break off a
small piece of ore, place it in a small
porcelain dish previously; warmed so as
to avoid breaking, apply the blow.pipe
until the ore is in an oxidised heat, then
one or two drops of sulphuric acid on the
porcelain disli; allow to mix with the
ore. The re-action will immediately
follow, if tellurium is present, by beautiful carmine and purple colors.
Britain's Mineral Wealth.
An account of the quantity and value
ot the minerals obtained from mines,
quarries, brine works, etc , in the United
Kingdom during the year 1800 is given
in a blue book just issued and which will
interest many people in British Columbia. Muny facts are contained in the
report, in addition to the statistical
information, but the limitations of space,
will only permit us to refer to a few ol
them. In 1896 the total output of coal
was 105,301,2110 tons; of this amount
9,309 tons were obtained from open
quarries. The seams worked in England
vary from 11 to 12 inches to 30 feet in
thickness, and in Scotland seams ol
cannel coal only six inches ia thickness
are lieing worked. The only mine worked
for cobalt and nickel ore is in Flintshire,
and after being idle for several years it
has been re-opened. The mine affords
an instance of the occurrence of the
mineral absolane with red clay in irregular cavities in the carboniferous
limestone. Cupper mining is rapidly
decreasing in importance in Britain,
only 1),1US tons being produced in 1890,
whereaa the output of 1803 was 210,000
tons. Flint mining still survives at
Brandon, ill Suffolk; the produce of a
few shallow mines worked in a most
primitive fashioi. suffice, to supply the
gradually diminishing demand lor gun
flints, whicli are exported to savage
countries, Referring to gold oro the
report points out that compared with
tbe yield of the colonies and many other
countries tho amount of gold obtained
in Britain ie insignificant * nevertheless
mineral veins in North Wales have from
time to time furnished considerable
quantities of ricli auriferous quartz. In
1890 the five mines in Merionctshire
produced 2,765 tonsol ore, from which
1,'152'i ozs. of gold, having a value of
��5,035, were obtained, This, however,
is a much lower output than that of the
previous year. The principal iron pro.
ducing difltricts at the present lime are
Cleveland or North Yorkshire, yielding
over 5,000,000 tons annually, anil Cumberland uud North Lancashire, with au
output of ovor 2,000,000 tons annually,
The Cleveland ore is an earthy carbonate,
containing about 30 per cent, metal,
whilo the red hematite of tlio two other
counties yield 50 to (10 percent. The
total quantity of iron oro obtained from
the mines and quarries last year was
12,000,000 tons,
One-Minute Romance.
Even the pines opposed bare bristling
branches against the approach of the
men to the top of the mountain that,
snow-crowned and glacier-ribbed, guards
the Hecla mines in Montana. But a
miner's duty, like a soldier's, is obedience, and John Hassett and Frank
Weber were ordered to make the ascent.
Snow lay on the sides in cruBted drifts
that sparkled in the sunlight; harmless,
ono might believe, as a flock of sheep
resting together, and showing white in
striking contrast against the dark and
bulky pile of earth behind it.
John Hasset glanced sideways at the
younger man as they crawled like Mies
over the slippery surface slowly but
steadily upward.
'" Look out for the gap on your left
there, lad," he said, " and mind that ye
don't loosen the rim of the snow or the
slide'll be on us."
" I think too much of my sweetboart
down yonder to beleavin' her jest now,"
replied Frank, laughingly, " but I calculate the drilt is solid," and they climbed
onward.
Suddenly John slipped a little and
struck out witli his (oot for something to
stay him. It hit a spur of frozen snow
with a slight crashing sound, but in a
second tlie men turned toward each
other with blanched and fearful faces.
Sharp cracks followed the first, running
up and above them, where the white
mass was suspended. Then the great
shining cloud trembled. They saw it
tower like a mighty tidal wave, in whose
foam and spray shone all the colors of
the rainbow. Then 'twas upon them,
muffling their cries in its soft whiteness,
blinding and stifling them as it swept
over and down past the pines that
stretched feeble arms to oppose it, on,
ever fiercer and mora terrible into the
valley.
To-day two women weep together. One
has little children at her ku.e, and the
other is th. sweetheart of the young
miner. But in a winding sheet of snow
the two men rest where they were crushed by the avalanche above Hecla.���
Exchange.
NOTICE.
A SPECIAL MIKTINll ol theuli.rcliol.ler.ol
**��� the tit-Men l.umbe** l.'oioi-ftnv, 1,1ml'"*
Liability, ��1U be I el I at tho (So
cl tile Comp.ii r ut Uoltlen, Bri.,-,,.
Columbia, on l'KI I... V, 21sl JANTAKY, 189*, al
10 o'clock ..si,, Ior the purpose of aauellonlnfi
a .ale ol property of the Company.
8. BAKHIR,
Golih.il, n.C, Dec. 20th. 1897.
Secretary.
il-Kijn-l'J-20
NOTICE.
NOTICE is hereby given that I shall apply for
a special timber licence to cut timber or
tbe following described lund* :���Commencing
at a post on Middle fork oi Flnley Creek,po.nt
situated 1,500 feet tu the north of Hardic's-
Corral, N. E.; thence running 1G0 chains south;
thence 70 chains west; thence HSO chains north;
thence 70 chains mm to tbfl'poat of commencement ;cont*lning 1.GO0 am* about. '
it. CAKLIN.
(iolden. B.C.,  October 30th, )KW-
NOTICE.
vjOTICEia hereby gitfen thit 1 shall apply foi
i' a special timber licence to cut timber on
tho following deKiTihed lauds :���Commencing
at a post on the North Fork of Flnley Creek, a-
cross the creek from the head of ltradv'a Ditch,
north-cast post ; thence running south lfiO
Hh&ilM i thence west 70 chains ; thenco north
UM chains: thence cast 70 chains to post of commencement.
It. H. H1LUOAN*.
Fort BtMle, October 20th,WJ7.
NOTICE.
NOTICE ia hereby given that I shall apply
for a special timber Ilconce to cut timber
on the following desi-rihed lands :��� Commencing at a point on Flnley Creek, at the head of
tlie canyon, narth-east corner post; running
west -Jtm rlif.ius ; thence 40chains south ; ihence
200 chains cast; thencii -ID chains north to point
of commencement ; containing about 1,0(0
acres.
J.   C.   DURICK.
Fort HUele.Octobcr 21st, 1H97.
We can-
M Yea?
*  ��  ��
Our motto is :   Best Material
Perfect Fit   Latest Style
Reasonable Price.
��  ��  ��
f.avc
yarn,
Merchant Tai oi.
CALGARY, ALTA.
BEER I
����****V*****0
Th. Beat Beer la C.n.d. l. mad. by th.
Calgary Brewing &
Malting Co., Lt'd,
Manufacturer, of Beer, Al. and Bpda W.t.r
Unlet on s��tthit Calgary Beer every time. They
all have It.   Th. Company', neat for taut
Kooteuar l.
H. G. PAR801T- Go��le��, B.C.
TOOK
TAKING
is the next thing on my programme.   In order to
REDUCE PRESENT STOCK
and to make
ROOM FOR SPRING GOODS
Specially Lom PriGes
will be given on many articles, particularly on
Glassware & Crockery,
Furniture & Drugs.
These Goods must be Cleared.
\t. ���
.. .
, ��� yy *
H. 6. PARSON,
Seneral 7/ferchant
- ALEXANDER BLOCK.
HEW YEAR GIFTS.
Suitable for young and old. Ladies and Gen-
tlemen'f, articles of toilet, beautiful Albums,
handsome Bijou Cases, magnificent Bihar
Plate, choicest Perfumery.
Dolls, Toys and Picture Books in every form
and variety.
Do you wish to Obtain Silverware Free
then try Warren's Coupon System. Every caih
purchaser obtains a coupon, value 10 per eent.
of the cash purchase, and these coupons will be
exchanged for Silverware of the full value of
the coupons.
Come, See and Buy at
Charles A. Warren's
GholdLen, S.C.
fmmmifmmmmmmmm
IS-MMERY
We have just received a large consignment of superior
stationery and are prepared to do all kinds of fin!
class job printing at living prices. Call and get on.
prices before ordering your supplies for 1898. We
guarantee satisfaction. Mail orders receive prompt!
attention.
East Kootenay Publishing Co., J
OrolcLen.,   S.C-.
_____*__

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