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East Kootenay Miner 1897-09-16

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 I   I
Devoted to the pining Interests and Development of the Distfiet of EUST KOOTEJlJIY.
Vol. 1, No. 8.
Golden,  B.   C,  Thursday  September 16th,   1897.
$2.00 Per Year
ot-rr mmwsum aMmnu-aam
Aiimmnst-BOX 49 GOLDEN, B.C.
Alexander Block,     -    Golden, B.C.
Fire, Life, Real Entate, House Agents,
Auctioneers and Customs Brokers
Fire Agencies:
Queen, Lancashire, Union, Hartford.
European Steamship Ticket Office.
The Hun Life insurance Comp-my.
The Ontario Accident Insurance Co'y.
The Blrbeck Investment and Loan Co.
"W. Hamilton Merritt,
Associate IlnyM Rchool of Mines.
Member Iron A Stool Institute. Enp.
Member American lust. Mlu. hngineera.
Mining Engineer and Metallurgist,
45 Toronto Street, TORONTO.
H. L . Cummins, P.L.S.,
And Civil Engineer.
Fokt Stkklk, B.C.
Thos. McNaught,
Mining Broker, Financial Agent, Conveyancer
and Notary Public.
Post office addreoa:
Assay Offices and
Chemical Laboratory,
(Established 1890.)
For several years with Vivian & Sons, Swansea, and local reprwientatlre for them.
For 6 years manager for the assaycrs to tho
Rio Tinto Co., London.
Canadian representative of the Cassel (Hold
Extracting Co. L'td, Glasgow (Cyanide process.)
N.B.���All work personally superintended. Only
competent men employed.    No pupils] re
���:    Made  By    :-
Bott & Eindree
Fees is Advance.
Oold snd Silver	
Lead and silver	
Ores tested by Cyanide Process.
Other Feos on Applleatlon.
. 1 M
.. 'J 00
. 1 M
. 1 M
.2 00
& Embalming
I Telegraph orders receive proinpt atlcuUon
L CALGARY, Alta. 4
IH. Bell
.    --i-and--*.
Wedding Rings
ll Specialty.
Calgary, - Alberta
The above reward will be paid by THE
EAST KOOTENAY MINER for information that will lead to the detection,
apprehension and conviction of tho party
or parties who started the recent fire in
Copper Creek, McMurdo District in
Golden Mining Division of East Kootenay.
Goldcn.B.C, 1st September, 1897.
Prospectors and MlnersThaviiiR claims or Interests in claims for sale, could not do better
Hum communicate with
Mining Broker and Financial Agent.
dOLDBN and Fort 8TBKLE.
,lr John Bnllman, Wlnflold Park, Tbnndorhlll
will handle IreiKlit between Adela, Mini Lake
and Kort Btcele and return. Goods warehoused at both ends.   For rates apply to
Jas. Henderson,
Plans Prepared.
Prompt attention given to orders.
A supply of Building Lime lor sale.
H. K. Walton,
<^Golden, B.C.
Price List on Application.
The Golden
Fresh and Salt Meats.
Fish and (iam�� In season.
Dealers In Cattle, Sheep and Horses,
Mail orders receive prompt attention,
Boots, Shoes and Harness
Repaired promptly.
C. P. HUD0N,
Livery and
Feed Stables
(ioo'l Saddle Horses and Kl--s of All Kinds for
Hire at Reasonable Rates.
Teaming of All Kinds a Specialty.
Hamilton and Hkelton,
Golden, B. C.
Ice Cream
���Call on���
tm~ All Kinds of Fruit lu Season
W. Alexanders
G.P.H- Wateh Inspector
Will call every week at
McDERMOT'S   Store    ���
Any watches left there will
Promptly and Properly
be repaired at fair prices.
No Botched Work.
The Columbia House
The Central Hotel "of Kast Kootonay, midway
between Gulden and Fort Steele.
(lood Cuisine. Choice Liquors & flood 8tablln**.
E. H. Small, Proprietor.
Howltt Bostock Banqueted-Hls Departure for Fort Steelo.
Mr. Hewitt Bostock, Dominion Member for Yule ntitl Cariboo, arrived in
Golden on Monday afternoon by Xo. 2
train on a visit to bin Constitutents in
East Kootenay. A deputation of the
electors met bim at the station. In tbe
evening a reception was held in tbe
Queen's Hotel���when the Committee
appointed at the public meeting held in
Golden on the 4th inst. in favor of East
Kootenay'H route to tho Yukon���met
him and presented bim with a memorial
for transmission to the Minister of the
Interior. The memorial briefly set forth
the facts in favor of this route and was
as follows:
Columbia Valley, 11. C,
The Minister of the Interior, Ottawa,
The memorial of residents of the Columbia Valley in meeting assembled at
Golden on Saturday Sept. 4th hereby
1st. That at such meeting the following resolution was passed: "That the
meeting considers that the best Canadian route to the Yukon gold fields is hy
the Columbia, Canoe and Fruser River
A'alleys. As this route is much shorter
than any that lias yet been suggested,
presents no engineering difficulties, and
opens up along its course rich agricultural, ranching and gold-bearing country
now lying unused for want of access."
2nd. That a committee was appointed
to draft this memorial to you on tbe subject of the proposed route.
3rd. That the information before the
meeting went to show that the route
proposed is shorter by 150 to 200 miles
for traffic Ironi Eastern Canada, and
about 500 miles shorter for traffic from
the west, than any route that has yet
been proposed.
4th. That the opinions of Sir William
Dawson, D. S., V. G. S., and Messrs.
Snndford Fleming, C. E., and Walter
Moberley, C. E., were quoted as stating
that the great valley along the western
baBe of tbe Rocky Mountains, and which
is the route referred to in the above resolution, was considered by them the
best and most practicable route Into the
North AVest. The opinions of these eminent men are ou record in the papers
and reports published by the Government some years ago.
6th. That the route proposed will
open up rich agricultural, ranching and
mineral country along its course.
fith. That the Provincial Government
of British Columbia have been asked to
co-operate with your Government in
opening this road and will almost certainly do so.
7th. That your memorialists desire
that the Dominion Government Engineer, who is now reporting on the routes
tn tho Yukon, should be required by
you to report on the route referred to In
the resolution; nnd if his report is favorable the memorialists ask that your Gov-
eminent should take steps to put in hand
the work of constructing a road along
the proposed route as early as possible
so as to provide an all-Canadian way for
the rush of truffle into the northern gold
8th. That tho proposed road would
connect with the Canadian l'acillc railway at Donald, which is about tbe moat
northerly point on tho lino und so would
enable advantage to lie taken of existing
railway communication as far as possible.
0th. That as your Government is
doubtless anxious to secure tlie best
available route, both as to low cost of
construction and shortness of distance,
your memorialists hope In drawing your
attention to this route you will give it
fair consideration along with the other
routes proposed,
Thomas McNauckt,
Chairman of meeting
of Memorallsts.
The memorial was presented by Mr.
Thomas MeNaaght, the Editor of The
East Kootenay .Miner, who was the
chairman of the public meeting. Mi
Naught in a short.spoecb explained tho
advantages of tho route, both as to
length, cost of construction, and the
great country it would open up.
Mr. Bostock in reply stated there was
a competition for routes, but it was desirable tbe same should go through
Britisli Columbia territory, and he would
take care the memorial was duly forwarded. He also suggested that as the
Minister of the Interior would be passing through Golden about the 21st,
with Major Walsh, the new Administrator for the Yukon, that a deputation
of tbe citizens should interview him on
the subject on his way through.
Mr. Bostock was kept busy during the
greater part of ths meeting with various
electors on different subjects until the
hour of tlie banquet arrived.
Banquet,���Tlie lion. Mr. Aylmer occupied tho chair. There waa a considerable attendance���many gentleman coming from a distance.
After tbe loyal and patriotic toasts Mr.
Aylmer proposed the health of the guest
of tbe evening���-Mr. Bostock���whom
they all welcomed there that night, nnd
whom they desired to bo long in their
midst and long continue to be ��� their
Member; as he was a credit to himself,
a credit to his const!tutoncy, and a credit
to the House of which he was a Member.
Mr. Bostock thanked the company for
its reception and for the toast that hud
been drunk to bis health. They know
the Shoot the const! tutency he represented and that it was only at long intervals
that he bud opportunities of visiting all
parts. One means that had kept this
part of the constltntoncy���East Kt.ote-
nay���-before him was the agitation regarding the mail service, nnd ho was
pleased to see at the meeting to-night
the Chief Inspector of the Post Office
Department, who had just returned
from a tour of inspection, which allowed
the 1'ost Master General had the interests of tho District at heart, and ready
to merit all just requirements.
lie was glad to see the development
that was going on, particularly in Golden, as ho observed a great change for tbe
better since he first became acquainted
witli Golden, llo hoped ho would see
the same great change all over the
country iu the downward trip he was
going to make through the country right
down to tbe boundary lino.
There was one thing that pleased him
that evening and it was to see present at
the meeting some of those who were opponents to him when he fought the
political contest, and who were there
that night in compliment to him. He
was glad to see tllOlll. They were all
pulling together for the intesests of the
country and he hoped they would make
much better time in the future than in
tho past if they all pulled together aud
worked together.
There were several other toasts dealing
with tho mining, commercial, agricultural and other interests of East Kootenay and a most harmonious evening was
Mr. Bostock left on Tuesday morning
by the stage for Fort Steele to visit his
constitutents there.
The Harry Llndlay Co.
This week Goldenites have had an
opportunity seldom accorded them of
witnessing the performances of a first-
class dramatic company. Since the
first appearance of the Harry l.indley
Company on Monday evening they have
been playing to large and appreciative
audiences in the Oddfellows Hall. The
artists are all well up in tlieir respective
parts, and tho specialties introduced between the acts, consisting of skirt dancing, Bongs, etc., by different members
of the Company are alone well worth
tho price of admission. On Tuesday
evening tlie patrons of the Company held
a dance after the performance which
was largely attended. The music was
supplied by the orchestra of the troupe,
and was greatly appreciated by tbe
audience as well as those who took part
In the dance. To-night tbe Co. will
appear in tbe famous nautical drania"The
Castaways," which has been played *?ery
successfully throughout Eastern Canada.
Manitoba and the Territories. This play
was written by Mr. I.inillcy some six or
seven years ago. In the course of tlie
performance Miss Ethel I.inillcy and her
father sing a duet entitled " Union
Square," specially written for "The
Castaways." This will be Mr. I.indley's
first appearance before a Golden audience as a vocalist and those who have
heard Miss Ethel sing may rest assured
of a rare treat to-night. Arrangements
have been made for a dance at the close
of the performance to-morrow evening.
The Company will appear every night
for the remainder of the week, new
specialties being introduced eacli even-
Tho  management have reduced
the  price of admission for children to
1 25 cents to all parts of the house.
I    Don't  iorget   " The Castaways    this
I evening, it promises to eclipse any of the
previous performances.
In Extent and Great In Value-To
Ba Opened Up Shortly.
The oil and gas deposits in South East
Kootenay are the property of tho Kootenay Coal Company, Montreal, who are
the proprietors of the coal fields in South
East Kootenay known us the Crow's
Nest Pass coal fields, which were described a few weeks ago in the columns
of Tun Miner. These oil and gas deposits are in tlie extreme south cast of East
Kootenay, close to the international
boundary, and are not confined to East
Kootenay alone. They also exist iu the
extreme south west of Alberta, on the
eastern side of the Koekies, These deposits are believed to extend beyond the
boundary line and exist iu the State of
Tho deposits wero not known until
1891, They were discovered by the
Stony Indians. This tribe of Indians
lives in the Morley reservation, near
Banff, which is intersected by the C. P.
Railway. The summer hunting grounds
of these Indians extend along the foothills and eastern slopes of tbe Rockies.
Occasionally they crossed through tbe
South Kootenay Pass in the Rockies and
came out into the Tobacco Plains in F.ast
Kootenay. Rarely, however, did they
do this, as they would be apt to come
into conflict with the Kootenay Indians,
whose hunting grounds were on the west
side o! the Rockies. This pass is forty
miles south of the Crow's Nest. Its
summit is seven miles from the boundary line.
These oil fields on both sides of tlie
Rockies were visited by Dr. Selwyn, of
the Geological survey of Canada, in 1891,
and he gives a description of them,
which is far from accurate, in the enm-
niary report of 1891.
Thu deposits in Alberta aro on the
Cameron Falls Brook, some distance
from its mouth. Tbe brook empties into
Waterton Lake, a large sheet of water in
Alberta and right on the international
line. The oil is seen on the stream and
where there are pools tbere is no difficulty in skimming off in a very short
time a sufficient quantity to fill a bottle.
Near where the oil is found in a stream,
a rocky reef of grey slllclons dolomite
crosses the creek and rises into a steep
bluff on the left bank; on the right
bank, seven or eight feet above the
creek, a broad, thickly timbered Hat
extends for 150 yards to tho base of the
bordering mountains, which culminate
six miles to the south west at the
boundary monument, 11,000 feet above
sea level. No work whatever has been
done to test tbe nature oi the oil sources.
Dr. Selwyn recommends the expenditure
of a small outlay for some shallow sinking or boring on the Hat above 'described,
in order to fully test the oil sources. So
far as at present known these are tho
only oil sources in Southern Alberta.
The principal deposits, however, are on
the west side of the Rockies in Kish-
neena and Sago Creeks, which are tributaries of the l'lathead River. The Saw
Creek joins the Flathead about ten miles
north of the Kislineena.
Crossing from the south, after leaving
the pass, the first oil deposits are in the
Kislineena Creek. These are found
about four miles north of tbe 49th
parallel aud are where trail comes down
to the level of the stream. At this place
are the remains of a beaver dam. 1 lore
aro lodges of dark-blue slate, dipping
cast hy north. Lifting layers of this
elate at and below the water, a quantity
of dnrk-grben circular patches of oil rise
to the surface, und a precisely similar
result followed by stirring np the mud
in tho bottom ot the pool. Oil is said,
by the Stony Indians who frequent this
region, to occur at other points. The
Kislineena joins the Flathead River in
Montana, about four miles south of the
international boundary. The beaver
dam oil is of a dark -greenish-black and
dues not apparently differ much from
that of Cameron Falls Creek. Preliinin-
inary tests have been made here by sinking a shaft in the shales at tho beaver
dam pool and hy boring on the sandy
and gravelly Hat country about two and
a half miles north of tiie boundary line.
Tlie next deposits are in Sage Creek,
wlich leaves the mountains that border
its upper conaro in an north easterly
direction up to the main watershed some
twelve miles distant, and here, at the
edge of the water, on the left bank, dark
flinty shales Ilka those at the beaver
dam pool on tho Kislineena. Directly
the layers of this rock aro raised, the oil
I rises aud spread.! over tlie surface ot the
water in such abundance that a short
time sulfices, witli tlie nid of a tin cup,
to collect a bottle full.
Less than half a mile higher up, on
the riglit bank and on tho opposite or
west side of the valley, oil ia again found
issuing from the base of the bank or
drift, which has beru tilled the valley
and causes the stream to make a sharp
bend eastward to the base of the opposite
mountain. Evorg stone on the bed oi
the creek on being broken or rubbed
gives out a strong odor of petroleum.
The oil collected here differs entirely in
appearance from those of the Cameron
Falls or Kislineena Creeks. Some of it
ia of a light leuion-yellow, but most of it
nearly tiie color of pale brandy and with
a very powerful petroleum odor.
In Sage Creek are also deposits of
natural gas, large quantities of which
escape from the cracks and crevices in
tlie rocks. These escapes ure easily
lighted by a match, and a long llamo
rises upwards. No tests have been made
on these gas deposits to ascertain their
extent. Forming the same conclusions
from similar data given elsewhere, as in
tlie Pennsylvania coal fields und gas
deposits, theao deposits should be of
great extent. It has now been ascertained what the Crow's Nest coal fields
are, and, following the same reasonable
deduction, these oil and gaa deposits
should he of groat extent and considerable value. Small as the work has been
done on the oil deposits, sufficient has
been done to prove their large extent
and great richness.
The surface indications are nearly all
alike. The oil, which is petroleum, ia
not of tiie same character, that of East
Kootenay is a purer and oil. The Sage
Creek oil has been proved to be the
purest that has been found.
Tlie Co. who own the largest portion
of these oi! aud gas deposits is about to
undertake extensive development work
upon them in the course of next
season, which will fully prove tlieir
value and extent.
The rush of tourists still continues and
the hotels are doing a good business.
Tlie summer of 1S97 has proved itself a
record-breaker for Banff.
Dr. Lindsay has returned to Fort
Steele after spending a few weeks hero
witli hia family.
Mr. S. Adler, proprietor of tlie Kootenay House, Golden, has been spending
a well earned holiday at Ihe Sanitarium
The new superintendent of tlie park,
Mr. Howard Douglas, baa got Fettled
down into bis new position and on
Monday night the residents of the park
tendered him a complimentary dinner
at the Sanitarium. There waa a largo
number of gentlemen present and a most
pleasant evening was enjoyed. Speeches
woro delivered by Mr. A. L. SifUiu, of
Calgaro, Dr. Brett and others. Tlie
appointment of Mr. Douglas will doubtless prove a popular one, as during his
long residence in Calgary he made hosts
of friends who will join witli the Banff
people in wishing him success.
Tho New Chatham Wagon.
Tlie Toronto World in speaking nf tho
exhibits at Canada's Big Fair which has
just boon held in Toronto, says:
"The New Chatham Wagon, manufactured by the Chatham Manufacturing
Company, Chatham, Out., with its
beautifully grained box, rendering it a
suitable vehicle for market, mill or meeting. It is complex, with the patent
malleable giant arms, patent malleable
adjustable slakes and patent acme end
gate-three invaluable improvements,
found only in the construction ot the
new Chatham Wagon���by consent giving
it tbe lead of all others at the Industrial
Fair, as well as at tlie World's Fair in
Chicago, where it came in competition
with the best wagons made iu the United States, and tore off the highest
award���a medal and diploma���and it is
pleasing to learn that farmers and teamsters throughout the Dominion so thoroughly appreciate tho great superiority
of tbe new Chatham wagon that tho
demand for it annually increases by-
leaps and hounds.
" Those interested should not leavo
the grounds without closely examining
the entire exhibit of tbe Chatham Manufacturing Company, which consists of
light and heavy wngona, and the celebrated Patent Oscillating Bob-Sloigli,
made only by this company."
Mr. II.'g. Parson, the agent for East
Kootenay has receivod two carloads of
these famous wagons this summer and
is now arranging for a carload of sUigha
for tl'.e coming season. ?-.ti:.���tnf.iTjYU.-i
A Vi'i
In thu
jS.W) 1--.-1- y<
<yr. 1 -St* ���
id plenty
uolnmu ltieh, KM!0 i>er coin
perteil <.;i ti"-' tfil-u |jiiko ; li
( noiip ir.'II) Hue ior iiral ill
jtnu (or eaul) aiUHtimi-i]
jiollcod 13 eunta pot l|uo uat
of u3b, must uolno
Birth, marrtago hinI tioatli notlcoa lusovtod
frw -
Jolt DKl'AUTMKN'T: Our Job Department1
Iritltobuut equippcil printing oflteu ii> Eaal
(iootuiin,!* ��nu in ijrciian.nl to -lo neat, urti.-Uc
printing at u roa��Qnut)(opru:e. One price toull.
ytM\ oruurs rwwivo prompt attention.
: \U Invito
[ hitunibt u> i
wulur nirroH
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Lverv point in tho l)l��tiyjt, in mi uwu tn<
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iniuituttiiiMt nol uccowttriti ioi pubilciitioi.
put as a guarantee ol goo i ii Ith.
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that li-is appoarod In anotliuv paper niuat lirsl
bo offeroil to that paper for pttbucaUou boiuri
li can appear in "Tub Mu��bj|."
Atlilrosi) all communications
Go.Wcu, 15. 0.
THURSDAY, SKVT. 10, 1807,
its Topoffrdphy.
The configuration pi East Kootonay is
rut unlijco the shape of n dog's hind log.
Tho Hank���tho widest part���rests upon
tfto International boundary lino. Tho
Intucklo���tho narrowest part���ia at tho
]% Bond of. tho Columbia Kiver-. Tho
crool: or hough colnmonces where tho
KUffciflg Horse oi'itors tli'e "Columbia ami
ends near llio Bull ftiveft���where the
(Itmk'commences, Jta widest part on
tlif International 'boundary lino being
between SO and 90 miles.
Mr. \V. A. (V.rlyk.', tho Provincial
Mineralogist, thus describes the Topography of East Kootenay::
during the hunting season visit it und
't.iu'i ggata, mountain sheep and plenty
Tho headwaters nf tho Columbia Rlvor
are in tho Upper Columbia Lake, close
to the north side of tho Canal Flat. The
Canal Flat is a level stretch of land,
about ono and a half miles broad. It
connects tho two valleys". Tho Upper
Kootenay and tho Upper Columbia,
which are practically one valley. This
valley is continued away np to the Big
Bend,���a distance of 150 miles,���which
is tho northern limit of Kast Kootenay,
and whore the River makes its great
wheel for tho south. The Kootenay
ou.-01'goa out of its lateral valley in thu
Rockies, llows past tlie headwaters of
tho Columbia and ontors tho southern
continuation Of tho valley whioh extends
away beyond the International line,
Thero to a marked peculiarity between
tlie two portions of the valley, so much
so thai geolog'sts affirm that the waters
of the Columbia must havo flowed south
at ono time and that the original source
of thiH river was the Kicking Horse
Hiver, which emorges from a lateral
pass in tlie Koekies near Golden, a
dlstartco of over 100 miles, and flows into
tho valley and joins the Columbia at
Golden. Not only is there a marked
peculiarity in tho two portions of the
valley, but there is a great difference in
the dm meter of the two rivers. The
Kootenay is a swift, rapid-running
stream, with lots of "riffles"; whereas
the Columbia in East Kootenay is a slow-
moving turgid stream, meandering along
its course, breaking Into many branches
bordered by marshes and swamp.*. This
valley of the Columbit) has been likened
unto two troughWa larger one', in which
\:. tho valley, and a smaller one beneath
tho bottom of the larger, in which the
river (lows.
Apparently, from the configuration of
this valley, it must have been at one
time, about the pre-glaoltd days, one
ijroat lake or a series of lakes, with its
outlet at the south, Tho present trilm-
laricsof the Columbia in tbe Windermere and Golden Mining Divisions flow
in a southerly direction to join the main
river, which is flowing in a northerly
direct-ion. The northern end of the lake
was close to the town of Golden and the
Iiiinning north and south for nearly obstruction hero, originally some mov;
three hundred miles, flanked-on the oust
and west by the towering ranges of the
Koekies and the S&Vklrks', is tho wide
and beautiful' valltSy through which
flpwp tlie Columbia'River to the north,
and the Kootenay Kiver to the south, to
join waters again in "West Kootenay.
Tho valley is ten to'thirty miles wide;
and gently,rises to Ihe foot-hills along
the main ranges, which are often bold
and craggy and .rise in lofty peaks.
-Thin is partly correct and holds mainly
Into traversing the valley southward until St. Mary's 'River ia readied in Fort
Htcele Mining Division, when tho monn-
. tains with their foot-hills reccdo, and a
wide fan-like country opens out and
ptretchea southward beautifully wooded,
containing stretches oi prairie land, undulating aud rising higher in some
parts so as to form even ridges of mountains. This part of tho district contains
some line arable land, which is being
rapidly occupied by farmors and ranchers, lu it arc tho Tobacco plains, whioh
pfretoh away down to Montana: and St.
tJoFoph's Prairie, where lino crops can be
raised by means of irrigation.
This district is well watered by the
Kootenay Rlvor and its eastern and
western tributaries, and tlie Moy'io Hiver
witli its affluents. The Movie River
rises in the south-western part of Fort
Steele Mining Division anil flows eastward, when it makes a bend and (lows
southward across tho International
boundary line and joins tho Kootenay
ing, or landslide,'broken down by the
���i'oioe of tlie waters, gave a northern outflow, caused tho waters to fall, the
benches to appear and the formation of
the big trough.
Another thing that has contributed to
the northern outflow lias boon tho for
million of the Canal Flat���a big grave
bed���formed by the washing downed
tho debris by tho Kootonay River ami
Findlay Creek. Findlay Crock is a large
swift rushing stream, (lowing out of a
western lateral valley in the Selkirks,
almost opposite tho Kootenay at Canal
Flat. It brings downh considerable
quantity of matter and theso two streams
have formed tlie big gravel bed. The
Kootonay River i.-- only n few feet above
the level of the Columbia Lake*. The
southern outflow was thereby checked,
anil the waters when they rose to the
northern level, flowed northward und
the northern obstruction by the pressure of water was further reduced, This
lirocess was continued���the filling up of
the southern cud by debris���the lowering of the northern end by the pressure
of water, until the change of flow took
The evidence of this change iB specially marked at Dutch Creek, the lirst
big stream Ihe Columbia receives from
the west, where the old channel shows
tlmt tho flow was south���nnd now the
present channel has been dellooted towards the north. Tiie Spillinntcheen
Kiver witli Its numerous tributaries is
Hirer In Idaho on its return course; the principal stream the Coltinibltv re-
north. The Southern British Columbia j ceives iu Eait Kootonay. This stream
railway after loavlng Cranbrook crosses j drains a large area and flows in a lateral
over and runs down hy tho Moyie Kiver j direction with the Columbia  but  in a
diametrically.opposite direction,
The other feeders of the Columbia on
tho western side are belter known for
the mineral claims that have been located on them than for any importance
they themselves possess. The streams
on tho eastern side do not run u long
course and the area drained by them ure
not e-ctensivennes.
In Donald Division the main feeders,
the Blaeberry and liluewater, are on the
eastern side; although it receives a large
foeder, ihe Heaver, from the western
side. The only nther topographical feature worthy of notice is the formation
of tho Kinbaskct Lake, where the river
expand? out Into the lake about six
miles long and a mile wide. Tbe lake
Will bo about 20 miles from the llig Bend
where the Canoe Hiver (lowing from the
Cariboo district unite its waters with
tlie Columbia.
and then rounds the lower end nf Kootenay Lake to enter Vi'ost Kootenay.
There are some line timber limits and
valuable mines in its basin. On its creeks
arc soma rich placer claims which are
now being worked.
The most important tributaries that
tho Kootenay has from the cast are tlie
Elk Kiver, which rises away far past tbe
mouth of tho Croiy's Nest Bass nnd
drains a large area of country, and on il
and its creeks are the great coal measures of South East Koolonny. The next
important tributaries going north are
Sum! Creek, Bull Kiver and tho famed
Wild Horse Creek, On the west fide
(he most Important affluent of tho
Kootenay is St. Mary's Kiver, which
falls with the Kootenay near Fort Steele.
It passes through the Kootenay Indian
reservation. A few miles from its mouth,
and lying in its valley, is tho St. Eugene
Mission���a Koman Catholic .Mission for
the conversion of the Indians.
A few miles north of Fort Steele the
valley of the Kootenay appears to contract, und the mountains and tootliillsoi)
either sido are not so far apart. This
��� continues riglit on to Canal Flat, a
distance of about of) miles, Tliis is
where the Kootenay emerges from out
(if tho Rockies nnd flows on its outward
western side southward. The head?
waters of tlie Kootenay aro about CO
miles distant, away up among the
Rockies, and aro alone upon the divide
between East Kootenay and Alberta. In
this long, narrow valley from the Canal
Vl.it no'tlr.vard to Its headwaters, there
The Alberta & Kootenay Development
Co. have bonded to tho Channo Mining
Co. of Vancouver the " Centaur" mineral claim, situated on Fifteen Mile
Creek, near Golden. Tho property carries a good shewing of copper and gold
from which good assays havo been obtained. The trail from the Columbia
Hiver to the claim, covering a distance
oi about 5 miles, is now being cleared
out and arrangements have beon completed for development work to bo
started as soon as supplies can be packed
to the claim.
" Tlie Vunhorno." 2 miles from Ottertail station on tlie C.B.K., on the north
side of tlie Kicking Horse River.   Galena.   Assays from cropping $45.85,
" Favorite " claim on tlie Middle Fork of tiie Spillimacheen, L'8 iniles from
Ihe Columbia. Development work ! aa been done. Assays about $S5 in gold aud
110 to 70oz. silver.   There are four veins, UI inch, -I feet, 3 feet and 12 feet.
"TheRose," "TheThistle" and "The Big Chief," on the North Fork of
tiie Spillimacheen Kiver, in tiie Prairie Mountain Country. Trail from Beaver
mouth station ou tbe C. I'. K. to tiie summit, then open level country; total (lis
tnneo 12 miles; gold and galena. Xo development work done. Gold assays $8 to
the ton, no assay for galena.
" The Cliff," 3 miles south-west nf " The Rose," " The Thistle and tho "Bi
Chief" in open country���gold quartz shewing property. No development work
done; assay $2 per ton for gold; no assay for silver.
"The Rose and The Thistle" claims, a mile apart, on tlie Middle Fork of
the Spillimacheen River, about 27 miles from Carbonate Lauding on the Columbia
Kiver. The trail to the International group of mines passes through these claims
Assays vary from ijtf.20 to $2Q.UG in gold, and from 35or,s. to Sinus, of silver.
WINDBKMEItiij  DIVISION:    "The Horso Thief Challenge," on
the north branch of ihe South Fork of Horse Thief Creek. Wagon road and trail,
14 miles from the lauding oh the Columbia River. Au iron capping containing
gold, silver and p'vi'itio copper; A ledge about live or six feet wide. Assays from
surface, gold 4dwt., silver 10/.., 17d'.vt., Sgrs.; copper 7.2 per cent.
" The Blue Kkyes," on Toby Creek, SO miles from Willdormoro, a good trail
Quartz, carrying gold, galena ami copper,
FORT STJEEM. DIVISION: The "Dardenelis Group," containing8
claims, on Wild Horse Creek, about 0 iniles from Fort Steele. Gold quartz coll'
centrating and milling, Assays run from 58 to '.'1000 per ton. rjuffioiuiit work
done on 8 of the claimc to obtain a Crown Grant.
" The Union Jack," on Cranbrook Estate, 10 miles from Fort Steele!. Mixed
ore containing gold, silver, copper and lead. Assays high in all of each. Three
lodes are exposed, G feet, 30 inches and lo inches respectively.
" The Golden Crescent," ou Perry Creek, 30 iniles from Fort Steele. Gold
bearing quartz.   Assay from surface indications $3.50 gold to the ton.
" The 1'orphy," claim near St. Eugene Mission, about ft iniles from Fort
Steele.   1'orphy quartz carrying gold and iron.   Assay is being made.
"The Rain's Horn," claim 2 miles S. V,'. from Elk River Trail Bridge,
about -15 miles from Fort Steele. Copper stained quartz running into copper with
a considerable trace of gold and silver. Assay frunt surface shews traces of goid
and silver IfHO per ton.
" The Elizabeth," claim south from "The Ram's Horn." claim. Mixed
quartz shewing galena and grey Copper.   No assay.
" The Toronto," near the foot of blouse Creek, 5 miles from Fort Steele.
Galena, ledge 3 feet wide.
" Tbe Financial," on Hell Roaring Creek, 32 miles from Fort Steele, wagon
road and trail.   Gold quart's;' an immense body, apparently about 50 feet wide.
" The Chloride " and " Tbe Glendon," head of Lewis Creek, 11! miles from
Fort Steele, wagon road nnd trail. Slate galena, brittle silver and grey carbonate.
Two ledges, 3 feet and 1 foot wide. /
"The Highland," on tho fork of Hell Roaring Creek, 30 miles from For!
Steele, wagon road and trail. Mixed quartz with carbonates carrying silver and
gold.   An immense ledge, apparently 50 feet wide.
"ThoLjouldcr " and "The Mamoth," on a fork of Hell Roaring Creek, 30
miles from Fort Steels, wagon road and trail. Quartz carrying gold and Bilver.
An immense ledge apparently 75 feet wide.
"The Isabcll" nnd "The Juniper," about n mile east from Mnyea Lake,
good trail. Mixed quartz. A main ledge with two smaller ones, average width ol
main ledge aliout -1 feet.
" Tlie Nonie," on Perry Creek. 80 miles from Fort Steele, a wagon road and
trail.   Gold quartz, a ledge-1 feet wide.   Assay from surface $2.
'��� The Monarch " and " The Tissue," about 4 milc3 from Fort Steele; agooii
wagon roiid.   Gold quartz, a ledge about 4 feet wide.
" The Lady Ann," " Tho Hunter." "The Pansy" and " The Heliotrope."
Between tiie head of Six Mile Creek and Tracy Creek, about 14 miles from Fort
Steele, a wagon road and trail. Galena carrying silver and lead. A ledge aliout ft
feet in width. Assessment work has been done and development work is proceeding.   Assays 12,15, -lozs, of.silver: 53, 73 and 40 per cent lead.
" Tlie Eagle Bird " aud " The Paris," on the divide between the head of Six
Mile Creek and Tracy Creek, about K iniivs from Fort Steele, a wagon road and
trail.   Galena carrying silver and lead.   A ledgo of quartz about 4 feet wido.
"The Rose" aud "Tiie I'huenix," on Palmer BarCaeek, about 25 miles from
Fort Steele, wagon road and trail. Quartz iron cropping aud galena. Assessment
work done.   A large ledge about 15 feet broad.
" Tlie Dennis," " MoGlnty " and " Silver Tip," about (I miles from the head
source of l'erry Creek, 80 miles from Fort Steele, a wagon road and trail. Oold
quartz, a ledge aliout 4 feet wide.   Assays $45 iu gold per ton,
" The Subiloo" and "Tiie Griffith," on Wild Horse Creek, about 9 miles
from Fort Steele, a good wagon road. Gold quartz witli a trace of galena. Assessment work done, a iedge apparently about 40 feet wido, assays ?4 to $0 per ton.
" The Jennie " and " Tlie Marie," on Wild Horse Creek, about ft miles from
Fort Steele, a good wagon road. Gold quartz, porphy and slate, a ledge 3 feet wide,
at (i feet from the surface and widening as you descend, 8 pannlnga gave an average of $25 per ton, more or less.
"The Wanda," " Percy "and " Osage," on Lost Creek Btsin, 12 miles from
Fort Steele, wagon road and trail. Mixed quartz carrying gold, silver and copper.
A ledge 2 feet wide, two assessment! done, assays running from $11 up.
" Tho Jubilee," on a fork running into Perry Creek, about 23 miles from Fort
Steele, wagon road and trail.   A ledge of porphry carrying gold about 8 feet wide,
"The Fir," on the foothills of the Rocky Mountaius, on Tobacco Plains,
about 4 miles north of the International boundary, 7 iniles from the steamboat
landing on the Kootenay river, and 1 mile from the wagon road. Gold, silver and
copper, assays from surface 27,'-j percent copper, loz. silver and a traco of gold.
Assessment work done.
" The Grand Union," " Empire," "Alpine" and " Ella Rogers," on the
south side of Mause or Shingle Creek, about 5 miles from Fort - Steele, a wagon
road and trail. Galena and grey cooper, ledgo about 5 feet wido, assays from surface $12.38 per ton.
" ThoOldOminccn," on Mark Creek, 14 miles from Fort Steele, a good
wagon road. Mixed quartz carrying gold, a year's assessment work done and two
shafts 50 feet and 8 feet sunk.   Two leads about 7 feet wide each.
On or near all the claims there, is abundance of wood and water for fuel,
lumbering, timbering and motor purposce.
These properties can be fully examined now. Further particulars and the
most complete information can be obtained on application.
Mamtfacturoi-G cf and popjbrsln ,m,i
Doiiy-ltis Fir,  Kpriieo and Cedur Lumber,  Sidinj; mid Flooring,
Dimension Timber,  Cedar Shingles,   Fence Posts,
Telegraph,   Telephone   ami   Eleoti'lo
Light Poles, Lath, Etc.
Contractors to tho C.P.R. Ry.
The Golden Lumber. Co.,
(Limited liability,)
S. ADLER, Proprietor.
GOLDEN,    -    -     ��
B. C.
FirHt-Olaas In every particular.   Coiiveuii'nt to K&ihvtty Tlnpot and Steamboat landing.
Hates Reasonable.   1'reo Sample HooutH.
Th�� Tram Car leaves Kootonay House, connecting with dtuamer (or Ktirt Steele every
Mondav and Friday alter arrival ol train from the wat.
Headquarters for Commercial
and Minins  Men.
For Home Comforts       o
Modern Conveniences   o
Best Cuisine in tho West
Commodious Sample Rooms
First-Class Brands of Liquors and Cigars
e e
o e
o ��
e - e
Go to the
ia Jiouse,
WM. McNEISH, Prop.
Headquarters for Mining Men.
Notice of Removal.
I'm just polng arrow the river,
Only a few yards away,
Tn premises more convenient.
Where I tntendtoHtay.
I milBt thank the people ol tloldon
For their patronage in the old More,
And assure them thut In Ihe future,
I shall try and merit it more.
My samples for MU and winter,
Are all of ihe netfeat class,
And are sure to give Hatlsfaetlou,
Because sold at LOW P1UCES lor CASH.
Suits to Measure from fjilB Up.
Inspect !ny patterns and eompnre prices
before planing your orders olsowhere.
Cleaning* Repairing and Altering   Done.
J.   F.   PUGH.  TAILOR,
East Kootenay Mlnlns Stock List.
Nasib ok Coy,   CAPITAL. I l'AU VaM'P. ! 8i*i.i. ]'
^''V.a'im'o* Wmm
The Kootenay [m-jinnm
i'lnltluli"* Fort'i
Stock' I) Cn._
Alliorln* "K'y
I fsoo.nii)
51 .co
(1X0 .
Mining Broker,
Tort Steele.
��     ��     ��
Value is one thins ��
Satisfaction is another
Voii net l,oth by buying your DRY GOODS
I'rlee Lists and Samples forwarded on application.
��      ��     ��
Hail Orders Eeceive
Prompt Attention.
��-*-AT THE**-
^The Golden* Sash and Door Factory
and Machine Shop.^-
Manufacturers of:
HaehT Doors, Mouldings, Turned Balusters, Newel TostB, Ilnnil Enils Jb Brackets.
The Machine and Blacksmith ,Shoj> are prepared to do all kinds of repairing.
All sizes of pipe-litting and brass goods on hand. *
All sizes of glass in stock.
Wagon repairs, poles, shafts, axles, spokes and felloes.   Hickory and Maple plank.
zss**^Golden, B.G
<-k.Hca<l(niai'ter�� For-*-**
Miners,  Prospectors  and  Lumbermen.
E3at��s $1.00 Pei Da3r-
Boakd & Lonoixo $5 Pek Week.    First Class Bab.
A�� J&Heh Q�� UOt
Dry Goods, Carpets,
Gents' Furnishings,
Hats and Caps.
Mail Oders Eeceive   Prompt Attention.
A LOAN OF S3.500.00
To ho secured by mortgage over one of
tho finest farms ill East Kootenai'. It
contains M20 acers, ia Crown Granted,
and the greater portion is  under  crops.
It has two ochards, both fruit bearing.
The dwelling house in a substantial
one and has only been recently built.
For full particulars apply to
Notary Public, Golden.
Gold . . .
Mines  . .
Development Co.
New York,  Chicago,
Spokane, WiihIi.
CAPITAL STOCK  810,000,000.00.
Buy and Sell Slininj- Properties.
Furnish Money for Development
<��� .'1
IF-u-re* F*��.ieOa* -XDru-grs at   ID- M- d^X-CDSrK    <$Z Co'sl, G-ol&en., 3B.C. r"^iT'*^''*^ii',���''nr,'r*'*y<nT',^*TiaTifiiir'fi'rii r^
nnn m
saaamsjua wn
O ���iw.-aiK-st'T.iajr-srnwv.K
���i liiitwr ��� o-na-HW J :Hir.i,--r.
Lt MRnwara'fiir
-^ no o iff
SFEHifi <%
From Our own Correspondent.
A  Return Visit to  East Kootonay
After an  Abuonco of 33
Mr. Edward Morehouse is a well preserved and well built man about live loot
ten, with an open faco and fresh complexion, whose beard ia more inclined
to be white than grtiy, and whoso conversation is Interesting to listen to as ho
details his experiences of past times
when engaged in mining in which he ie
still interested. His story an told your
correspondent when fitting on the (Hoop
of the Diilgnrdno Hotel at i'ort Steele is
as follows:
I was raised in the county ot Carloton,
in the provineo of Ontario, my lather
lieing a farmer there. I left home in
May lHtiO, lieing thou about 2(1 years of
u.ie, because of the gold excitement in
British Columbia. Gold had then been
discovered there and the/mly eovunient
way to get there was to cross over by the
I'nnnnia Isthmus and then sail northwards along tiie l-jUiltio shore. The
overland route waa then not opened up,
and there was no thought then of- a
Canadian Pacific Railway. I left home
alone for New York intending to got
lioat there for Panama, but when I arrived the line of boats was so overcrowded tlir.t I could not secure a passage for
some time. I then crossed over to New
Mersey and decided to travel over the
plains to California and then go northwards. The railway was then opened to
Chicago and when 1 got there, there was
a great excitement as to a gold dheovery
ut Pike's Peak in Colorado. 1 resolved
to Btriko for there. I wont by rail to St,
Joseph on the Missouri, down that river
by steamer to Lcvenmouth, thence over
the plains by wagon. My -destination
was readied on tho 1st of June, ISitO.
A partnership was formyuivitli an experienced miner and ivo wont 111 for
'placer mining and ilid very well realising
iibout $10 per day for each person. This
lasted for over a year. Wo did our principal work on Clear Crook. We had
sluices and cleaned up once a day. Central City was where we mostly disposed
Of our gold dust. About this time the
Comstoek Lode was struck in Nevada
and us my placer claim was nearly exhausted I decided to go there. I worked
in the Nevada mines for $1 per day,
working as deep as 500 foot. 1 utilised
most ol my savings in buying stock iu
mining companies.
In the spring of 111(13 I came to John
Dfly'u River iu Oregon and had very
good luck there. My earnings u'ere $11
a day. In the following spring of 18(11
there was an excitement ou at
lk-yes Basin, Idaho, so I travelled over
to thero. I worked for $(l per day but
two months wore Blllllclent for me, Tho
water gave out no that uo sluicing
could lie done. The workings were placer and woro very rich, from Ion. to f-U
per day per man.
Just then thero was great excitement
about some rich discoveries on Wild
Horse Creek in llritish Columbia. I had
then a companion, a brother Cami'liau
Heat name I Ritchie from Ontario. We
had become acquainted in Idaho. We
resolved to go there, so off we started in
the middle of April, 18(1*1. We each had
a home and a pack horse. We wont
direct from Boyes Basin to Lowlston, at
tho junction of Snako River and Clear
Water, thence on to Spokane Rlvor, then
by the Pond il' Oreille Lakes to Bonner's l'erry, where wo crossed over
going up thu Moyie River, theiieo to
Oulbraith's Ferry on tlie I'pper Kootenay where we arrived in the middle of
June alter travelling over K0O miles to
get to our destination.
There was a big mining camp on Wild
Horse Creek about live iniles up. There
was no Fort Steele then. It had no existence and tiiere wero no houses, the
ferryman was living in a lent. Where
the town ef Kort Steele is now arising
there was nothing but nature's handiwork. Things were very tinsel tied.
The rush had commenced in the fall of
lMil'l when tlie diggings were then struck
and a camp or mining town had suddenly arisen up. Thero were few houses as
tents predominated. All the creek appeared to he taken tip. There was no
(iold Commii-r-inncr and uo officials.
Might was right then. Hiieli miner, or
company of miners staked off what he
wanted and kept it So long 09 it hod
not been appropriated ttiul retained by
another miner. Some of thorn had far
nioro than their fair shave. The Cold
Commissioner, who waa au Irishmen
mimed Haines, did not arrive until the
month of August. His Btaff consisted
of a constable, a custom house olHcer
and a surveyor. I was anxious to take
up a claim by purchase, but Henry
Ritchie my companion wanted mo to
wait until the (Iold Commissioner should
come in, which lie did not do for two
months, when wo could take up a claim
after the creek was surveyed. We had
the offer of one for $500 and the owner
offered to take (Kir horses for ?100 each,
which would havo left us to pay only
$100 in cash. After the claim was sold
I saw the owner one day take out his
pocket-knife and scrape and.picktout of
the crevices in the rock 8 ozs. o|j gold
which would realise about $152. It was
a bar claim but Ritchie thought we
would get one all riglit after the survey
\ytts made ami we thus lost our chance.
The surveyor commenced at the bottom of tlie creek and surveyed up. The
extent of a ehiiiu then according to law
was 200 feet. The Commissioner on his
arrival intimated that each minor who
hail no claim was at liberty to stakolout
200 feet au any place on the creek where
no work was being done and no person
was in possession. Along with two
companions Ritchie and a person named
Stewart three claims were staked off
above, tbe mouth of Brewery Creek and
wo proceeded to sink a shaft. I was
working in the shaft when two Americans came down aud ordered us off the
ground. Wo refused to obey their orders ami went on with our work. They
went, back to their cabin, which was a
little distance away, cleaned their shotguns, loaded up, came down aud tried
to persuade us to leave. We would not
bo persuaded. One of them pointed his
gun at me, told mo to get out of the
shaft or hi* would shoot. 1 dared him
to shoot and told him he -was a coward.
My partners who were standing on each
side of the shaft then drew their pistols,
"nth hands wore then even, lint the
balance of argument was with us. Tho
other parties realizing tills fact said they
would go and see the tiold Commissioner. I said I would go to. Ou my way
up 1 informed him he Would be Bent to
dig coal for some time for threatening to
shoot me. Ho then implored and begged
of me not lo prosecute him as he had no
notion of shooting me, he only wanted
to frighten roe. 1 told him he could not
ami neither he could ami as I saw he
was frightened I relented and did not
prosecute him. We laid our case before
the Commissioner who gave his decision
that they had the choice of the ground,
hut if they belli more than they were
entitled to, they would put their friends
on tho balance so we lost the claims that
wo had staked out properly. When the
whole creek hail lieen surveyed out into
claims, the Commissioner intimated
that the miners iu possession could have
the choice of the claims and the balance
which they held thoy could assign to
their friends. This was for Ihe purpose
of keeping down trouble lint was contrary to tho mining laws of the province
A miner named McClellan from Montana was thrown out in a similar manner to myself bo he and I prepared,!!
petition for the removal of the Commissioner which wus digued by live or
six thousand miners and forwarded to
Victoria. Two men woro appointed who
came up and investigated and they
found many things which wero not
right so Haines bad to leave. Ills successor O'Reilly ctnno in, iu the spring of
18(15, but I was away by that time.
During the whole of the season there
was a big crowd coming and going
A crowd would como in, star a few days
and then go away, generally to Idaho
and sometimes hack to .Montana, Not
being able to get a claim I started In
whip sawing lumber with a Scotsmun
named Devine. I paid $.10 for the saw
and made about $(100 por month. The
lumber was used for sluice boxcB and
for roofing houses. / It was sold for 115
cents per foot and we averaged 120 feet
per day. We continued at this work
until near the fall.
On the approach of the fall some
Frenchmen, 111 or 14, came in and reported a big strike down the Columbia
on the Spilliioaoheon River aad they
left for there, Some 200 of un left and
followed them down. When wo got
there which was iu the midst of a swamp
they bad commenced to build boats.
They had Whipple saws with them for
cutting timber. They built tlieir boats
and sont their horses back. We followed Ihem so far and then came hack to
tho Spillimachaeu River whore we found
gold but not in paying quantities. We
(hen returned back to Wild'llorse Creek.
Tlie whole gang came back. The weather
was then getting cold, frost was setting
in, having no claim and provisions being
scarce I made up my mind togti back to
Tiie prico of a Miner's liceu/e was
shell as now So. The cost of provisions
was very high hb from sixty to seventy
live cents per pound had to he paid for
freight. Everything had to he packed
in by miilo or ltorse train, either by way
of Walla Walla or Leweston. There was
no Golden in those days. It was not
hoard off���-and thero was no traffic From
the north aud no trails. The only trail
was one in from the direction of Spokane.
Quartz claims were not thought of iu
those days. They were practically unknown���we never looked for them.
Other streams and creeks were tried but
the only real paying ono was Wild Horse
Creek. 1 have seen a miner clear out
$1S,000 out of ono weeks cleanings.
There would lie more than 1009 miners
working on the creek hut there was not
much disorder. There were several
drinking saloons but no licenses. Our
only amusements were in the drinking
saloons. There was no gambling saloons
that I can recollect. Whisky was four {
bits a drink. Soft drinks were unknown
except what were obtained from the
crook. The whisky was manufactured,
Alcohol or High Wines as it was called
was brought in. A ten gallon keg would
contain it. Then there would be a lot of
empty barrels���-with phials of drugs to
manufacture and.keep up the supply���
which would last all Summer, It was
roul rip-gut Btuff but I do not think
drunkenness was so bad as 1 sec it now
in Fort Steele. There were only two
tadies in the camp, who resided apart
and dwelt in cabins  alone.
We had two rows in the camp and
this was prior to tho (Iold Commission,
er's arrival. A minor named Yeast Porter Bill from Montana, and a companion
a .Welshman named Kvans wore in camp.
One day Kvans and an Irishman got
into a physical altercation. Kvans was
down, undermost and the Irishman was
atop making a considerable impression
on his face. Yeast Porter Bill tried to
pull the Irishman off. He was pulling
him hy the cuff of tho neck���and not
succeeding lie eased one of his hands
pulled his pistol to persuade him to
quit. In the excitement tlie pistol went
off and a bullet became disentangled
which treated all to a fair dose, but the
Irishman got most ol it. The bullet
took off the top of the thumb of Yeast
Porter Hill's left baud, went through tlie
Irishman's back and out at his breast
and then went through Evan's neck
from the one ear to tho other ear. Tiie
Irishman was not exactly killed but he
died soon afterwards. Kvans recovered
all right. A meeting of miners was held
who tried Yeast Porter Bill and acquitted him as he was only defending his
partner, llo shortly made tracks for
Montana before the Commissioner's arrival.
- The other case was two Irishmen, who
were partners. They had been refreshing and had a difference of opinion, and
one drew his pistol and shot his friend
through the thigh. One man who witnessed the difference of opinion ran up
the street crying arrest him. Another
man. who knew them, ran up and said
no���since they are partners and it is
only a friendly difference'. Nothing was
done, as they were reconciled and the
other partner- nursed his partner carefully until he became quite well. *
An amusing occurancb was brought to
my recollection the other day by .Mrs.
Clark, the Post Mistress at Fort Steele,
with whom I was conversing about
old times���and it was about a camel.
Six mon wore encamped near where the
Indian Agent's house now stands. There
wero Jim Poure, an Englishmen, George
Steele, from Michigan; I forget the
others. They all prided themselves un
being gooil shots except Jim. They had
finished work for the day and were done
with tlieir suppers and wero sitting
around chatting and smoking when a
rainel came along. They bad never seen
such an animal nefore and had no idea
what it was. They got out their guns
anil commenced bumbardiug the animal.
They llred Hhout sixty shots. Tho
camel simply humped up his back,
shambled off into the bush and disappeared. In the morning when they
were discussing what fioit of an animal
it was they had tired ut; a man cume
along enquiring if they hud seen a camel.
Thoy drew down their hats and looked
at each other from beneath their covers
and dually Jim Poure said there had not
been such an animal about. After the
man had gone, Jim said " boys wo bud
lietter track or else we will bo sent down
below to dig coal for killing this camel.''
Before they could shift thu man came
hack leading the camel. They examined
it high and low but there was nut a
mark of a single shot on it. Thoy were
a set of fooled boys then. M rs. Clark
had for a long timo some of this camel's
hair in lief possession.
During the whole timo I was on Wild
llorso Creek I had neither tent nor cabin but lived in the open air, generally
sleoping beneath a tree. What hastened
my departure was that a small saw mill
had been brought in and the price of
lumber had fallen so I decided to go out
and return to Idaho. I went back tho
same way I came, hut there was quite a
company of us���between 80 and *I0. We
were all armed, every person went armed in those days. We crossed at Gal-
braith's Ferry and then at Bonner's
Ferry. 1 had to pay $40 for ferries. $20
ut each ferry for the round trip.
Crossing over at Bonner's Ferry 1
offered the storekeeper ami ferryman
$2!-_ for a newspaper to read an account
of the eivi'.ir which was then raging
in the States, but he refused to give it to
me, although he had several papers, I
thought this mean. While the boys
were busy weighing out their $5 of gold
dust per horse for crossing tho ferry 1
rolled up one of the newspapers and put
it in my pocket, and when we went into
camp that night I read all the news to
the crowd who were very much interested, as the war was pretty close and hot
"When we struck Spokane Valley we
overtook au Mugllsli Lord���Lord Shelly,
who was encamped there along with four
companions and three lialfbreeds. lie
hail been away up on the Saskatchewan
hunting Buffalo, lie had gone in by
Montana and had come out hy Bull
River, lie was on his way to Colville.
He intended wintering in Rome. When
we rode down on his camp lie could not
make out who we were. He thought at
.irst that we were a band of desperadoes
as we rode down with a lot of devilment
in us. We were a hard looking crowd,
as it had rained all day and wo wero all
wot. We soon undeceived him and told
him who we wore, 1 asked him how
long since lie had seen a newspaper
about the war. lie said he had not
seen one tor six months. I told him 1
had a paper in my pocket but I thought
it was ruined by tho rain. I(e said,
" hold on 1 will take it out," He did bo
and dried it before the camp fire. He
had a very nice tent, carpeted and
double lined; fine cases lined with silk
for his shot guns and rifles. When 1
told him 1 was a Canadian he became
quite flee in his talk aud told me some
of his adventures. He gave mo a quarter
of deer he had killed. 1 was preparing
to go into camp when he said hold on
here is your paper. 1 Bald we had all
read it a.id he could keep it. He then
insisted upon my taking this quarter of
deer which he cut off.
We arrived all right in Leweston in
the end of December whore I wintered.
Since then I have been engaged in milling operations in Arizona and California.
I have lieen over in New Zealand but
did not mine tiiere. I have done fairly
well and have interests in California. 1
came last from El-Dorado County iu
California. Hearing of the great news
from East Kootenay 1 along with L. McNeil from the same county came up to
see the mining outlook. We came in by
Victoria und Golden and arrived hero in
the middle of May. The changes I see
are great. There are ranches and settlements and fenced in lands and the booming town of Fort Steele. I have found it
few old companions, Dob Dore in particular, who is still engaged in mining.
1 do not remember Pete Boyle. I remember Dave Griffiths but he docs not
remember inc. I do not think I will
stay in Fort Steel long or engage iu any
mining operations tiiere. 1 think there
in a great future for this country when
the railroads come in but things are
moving too fast at the present time.
They must steady down and do more development work and operate some of the
mines, There is far too much country
staked out for actual work done,
It Rases West of Wardner and Suggests the Need of Certain
A fierce forest lire raged to the west ol
Wardner Tuesday afternoon, travelling
with tho wind tu the north. Within a
very short time after it had started the
sky was overcast with great clouds of
smoke, and the situ was nearly ol-scurcd.
it appeared to be in the Moyie valley,
north of the lakes, hut this could not be
ascertained to a certainty. From the
great volumes of smoke and the evidences of heat, the lire must have covered
considerable territory nnd swept along
with intense fierceness.
As tho residents of AVardner saw the
smoke rolling above the mountain range,
they were very forcibly reminded that it
would lie well at this timo to take gome
precautions tor the safety of buildings in
this town. During the process of clearing the townsite and cutting logs for the
mill, there has accumulated an immense
amount of brush, which, under the
burning rays of an August sun, have
become thoroughly dried and in a condition to burn like tinder. In some
places this brush is gathered iu piles,
where it is left as the trees hive fallen.
A lire in these brush heaps ou a windy
day might do an ImmutlBQ amount of
damage, and it would seem good policy
to havo a few brush-burning bees at
night, Whan there is no wind, A
number of small lires is better than one
largo ono. They can he controlled.���
The International.
Spillimacheen �� Hotel
Sl'n.!.lli.\i'aia:N, Ka:*t ICOOTCNAY, B.C.
I'linii'v Willi's, J.li'iiors ,t Cigars,
I'ml; Hurst'* i.irtbili'iir Hire.
livery intention litilil to tiui'su.
FRANK DHACONT, Proprietor.
Have Your Assays Made at
Mton's Assay
��� Golden, B.C.
Vovu Years in Com-hado.
Situated on Perry Creek,
Hies From Fort Steele,
East Kootenay*
$75 to $150 Each according to
0�� ?>����������'����'��<>
r^l-^-y,�����-y"s f-N ��   0:ie-ihir<l down, balance in" three und six
��l.t^J..A.^,J-ii^ .      montliB.iWitl.out interest.
Upper Columbia *-=-
3 -tf*^d
avigation & uramway
Co., Limited,   and
International Transportation Company.
Connecting with tho G. P. li. til Golden, B. C, find
Grout Northern RailwUy at Jennings, Montana.
��ggp 48 Hours U Fort Steele. IfjgjjJ
Steamers leave Gulden Monday and Friday
evening on arrival of Kast bound train. Connections at Canal Flat with stage for Fort Steele aud
The   Only   Quick   and   Comfortable   Route.
Address all express care of U. G. Go'y, Golden.
General Merchants
Miners Supplies a Specialty.
Agent for tlie California Giant Powder Conipay.
farcin6 * Hotel
Fort Steele., B��� C
Citoioi'. Wines, Liquors axu Cioahs,
R. D. MATHER, Phoprietor.
The  Steele House.
First Class Brands ni' Liquors and Cigars o
Hoadqutti'tors for Mining Men o o
Commodious Sample Rooms o o
Best Cuisine in tho West,     o o o
Modem Conveniences o o o
Home Comforts.
D. MoNEISH, Proprietor.
J^d^oxn.m    111    "THE       EAST'      KOOTE35T.A.
p\\      fl��:r:?t*-rs, ^T?tH*if.-ni.in. in-.    77
u.i .*-Ji���IBLk  -J   mJmwBmt -**���*
���...     itfMfci.. '-WJ-7W-wr ��� WWUPICT Ui-TW-reTW   IWWWIMMW-JjMW-l*
and was -still going through quart**, sain
pies from whioh lie forwarded to'officers
of the Company. We have not yet learn
Tho Tokoa takes from Vancouver on | ed from the oliieials the returns received
her next trip to England about -00 tons j from tho assayers but it is mild that the
nt ore consigned to the Swansea smelter
in Wales.
The Welsh smelters have now started
into  competition   with   the   American
smelters and tho (irst shipment  of  ore
lias been made.
M. .1. Tieruey   of Vancouver,   arrived
in town last week to take churgo of the
development work being  done  by  tho
I'liamie  Mining   Company   OU   Fifteen
.Mile Creek claims.
.Messrs. Thornton and Cochnany, two
t-coleh gentleman, paid  u  visit  during
the early part of tbe week to tho Mo-
Mlli'do district witli a view to looking
over some of the properties thero,
.Mr. Thos. E. Wilson and E. Peyto of
Banff, Major Walker or Calgary, 1>. Mc-
llougull of.Morley,  and   lion.   Joseph
.Martin have .located live claims on lee
ltiver,   a  tributary  of thu  lleaverfoot
Hiver, which promises to turn out to be
exceedingly rich.     The  lead  is  about
three feet wide and is  a   white  quartz
carrying gvoy copper,     An  assuv  from
the surface of one of the claims shewed
values of $00 in gold, 2330... silver and II
per cent of coppor. Tbe samples brought
in are among the finest  that   wo   have
uoen in tliis part of the country.   On the
same property is a smaller quartz lead
carrying galena in considerable quantities,   The claims aro not very far from
the railway at U'llnchoil and if development-shews good results, as we hope it
will, wo may soon have a paying mine
comparitively close to our doors.
Gold Commissioner Griffith, ol North
East Kootenay, is at present on a tour
of inspection examining the trails and
roads in tho Wltidermoi'O Milling Divi-
pion and the Southern part of tho Golden
.Mining  Division,    On  his  return  ho
starts  on   similar tour of inspection in
Donald  Division, where some of the
trails are in a woeful condition, particularly the Mobcrlcy trail aud the   trail
which leads to the Kinbasket claims on
Tinhasket Lake.   This trail should have
been put in good condition at tbe commencement  of   the  season, but it still
remains in the same neglected condition.
It is to he hoped it will not he in the
same state of disrepair as it is now ut
tho commencement of another season.
.Hill Houston, of Kuslo, came into the
Northwest Territories   from  the   Black
Hills in 1S81!.    I n 1884 he. discovered on
the east slope of the Rockies, about 25
iniles north of   llanff  a  ledge carrying
copper and other minerals,    lie did not
Stake a claim or do anything with it until about a month ago, when, in company
with .lohn  McAndrowa he staked  10
The claims nre (100x1500 teet and are
recorded at Calgary.    Assays have been
obtained showing 48  per cent copper,
$lli in gold and 40 ounces  silver.     The
formation in that section is principally
Jimestone and   resembles  the   rock   of
Arizona and New .Mexico where the big
copper   mines   ure   located   in   those
States.-���Tho Ledgo.
The lirst annual general  meeting of
the shareholders ot tlie lioldeii  &  Kort
Steele Development  Co.   was   held  at
liolden on Saturday the 11th hist., the
President, Mr. Thomas McNaught in tho
The reports presented to tho meeting
Allowed the affairs of the Company to be
in tirst-class shape and also that the two
properties which the Company have
been developing are most promising.
The Company have lieen doing considerable dovolopment work on claims at
Kinbasket Luke, north ol Heaver station
and the foreman in charge reported tho
Shaft to he down some Ml feet on the
large lead and that mineral was found
in good quantities throughout. In addition to this a tunnel 17 feet long was
made to connect with the shaft in order
to dispose of tho bad air iu the shaft,
Tho other property which the Company
has under development is tho Mercier
group at the head of Dugaboo Creek,
pear the divide between East and West
Kootenay. A force of mon under the
control of Mr. Mercier is now engaged in
opening up this property with gratifying
results and a large quantity of oro is now
ou the dump.
The lirst block of 50,000 Treasury
pharos having all been subscribed for it
was decided that any shares hereafter
offered for sale would he sold at not 10
but 50 cents pur share j the par value bo-
The election ot directors for tho onsu-
jng year was held and tho following
\vere chosen: Thomas McNaught Pros.,
M. Ciirlin Viee-1'roB., A, Allan, II. G.
Parson, (i. S. McCarter, A, McQueen
and S, Ikirbcr,
The Bald Mountain Co. Strike It Rich
For sumo months past the Bald'Mountain Mining and Development Co. have
been quietly carrying on steady development work on their group ot ton claims
on lluld Mountain, about six miles south
of Donald; and now comes tho news
that tho company's efforts have been
crowned with success. Last year con,
pidcrable work was dono on tho claims
and n pack trail was constructed from
Donald to the property. This year a
tunnel 175 feet in length has been run.
Mr. E. Kenny of Golden being in charge
of the work.    Last week Mr,  Kenny
pucceeded in reaching the lead and at | qn (arming in south Africa, which plie
)��pt report hiul cut into it pqmo tiyo fegt visited, about a year ago,
assay was very high in free-milling gold
and those interested in the promotion of
the Company are wearing a gilt edged
smile these days while some of the
" smart Alecks " who have been doing a
lot of cheap talking for some months
past are edging around and enquiring
what chance there is for them to get in
on the ground lloor. The Mixiill wishes
the Bald Mountain Company all the
success that is possible. Those interested are all Goldsn aud Calgary men and
they have Bhown their faith in the properties from tlie beginning by putting
up tlieir money in tlie face of the adverse
criticism of some of those creatures who
pretend to know it all but somehow or
other never seem to Btrike it very rich
Budget of   Interesting   Local and
General News,
Hull Pros, & Co. Imported another
car load of cattle from Calgaey on Wednesday,
W. Alexander, C.P.R. watch inspector
Canmore, paid Golden a visit on Wednesday, lie reports business brisk
along the line.
Mr. Henderson has completed and
launched one of the new freight touts
for the Upper Columbia Company. Ho
expects to launch the second one in a
few days.
Mr. II. G. Parson baa been appointed
agent for the Singer Manufacturing Co.
and will hereafter carry a stock ef tlieir
popular and world-renowned sewing
Mr. S. A.Jackson, representing Moore
& Mowut, merchant tailors, lirockville,
returnod from Eort Steele on Monday
evening. He is well satisfied with his
trip having secured a good many orders
for his firm.
Latest stylo fashions from London,
Paris, Scotland, Canada and America;
Pretty range Ladies' Costume Cloth
Tweed nnd Knapp suitings. Expects in
a few days a nice lot of lialarncy Wools.
Scotch suitings and Tweed for gents. 11.
G. Parsons.
Mr. Robert McPhci'Son, M.P.P. for
Vancouver city, returnod to the west
thiB week after completing a long prospecting tour through East Kootenay.
Mr. McPherson has lieen out most of the
summer viaiting the south western side
ot the district.
Miss Jennie Wells left for Taeoma on
Monday where she will attend tbe Annie
Wright Seminary. Jennie curries with
her tho best wishes of the young folks
of Golden among whom she wus a great
favorite. Thk Mixnu wishes Miss Jennie every success in the pursuance of
her studii
Now goods for fall ware are now arriving daily at It. G. Parson's store in great
variety and when opened up his stock
of dry gouds will be the best ever Boon
iu this neighborhood.
Mr. Prank Lang, mining recorder for
North EitBt Kootenay, who also discharges tho duties of assessor, is presently south���-up the Upper Columbia-
engaged in valuation work, so as to make
up thu assessment books for tho current
year. During his absence the duties of
mining recorder are being discharged by
Mr. Edward Plowright'.'
A harvest thanksgiving service was
held in the Presbyterian Church on Sunday evening. The church was tastefully
decorated with flowers, sheaves of wheat
and oats, and evergreens. The congregation wus large und attentive, Mr. llur-
eourt conducting the aervice. A number
of duets, etc., were rendered at intervals
by various members of the choir. The
managers of the church desire to thank
all those who contributed Ilowors or
vegetables for tho occasion.
Tho Kootenay Volley Land Company,
London, has made a change of agency.
The Messrs. Alexander have retired from
the agency and Mr. Proctor, of Nelson,
has been appointed their Bltccessoi, Tlila
company possesses 30,000 acres of land
in East Kootonay and thoir possessions
commence at Canal Plat and go southward down tho valley to Elk River. A
portion of tiie land consists of meadow
land along tho bottom of the Kootonay
valley. Mr. Proctor is going to make an
extended visit to those lands aud has
completed most of his preparations. Ho
has obtained his canoe and outfit from
Mt. G. II. McDurmot, Golden, and starts
out immediately,
A Lady Journalist In East Kootenay.
Miss Eraser, a journalist and authoress
of some ability, is presently touring the
Kootenays. She writes for tho Westminster Gazette,but is at present preparing a work on tho "Agricultural Resources of British Columbia," to be got up
for tho benefit of agriculturists in Great
Britain. Miss Eraser has Bpent some
two months on the Lower Fruser, Chilli*
wack valley and the Okanagan country,
and is now in Fort Steele. She wont up
the river in the steamer Duchess on her
last trip, hound for tho Uppor Columbia
LakeB, after whioh bIio goes on to Fort
Steele. After visiting tho Uppor Columbia and Upper Kootenay valleys she will
return to England.
Miss Fraser is an extensive traveller
and has already given some valuable
contributions to agricultural literature
Seneral Wlerehant
Please   Wait . . .
a few days until we can make time to
open up and display the magnificent
stock of DRY GOODS now arriving
daily. We shall be as quick as possible
and hope to be favored wirh your close
jfgent for ~
Phoenix of London^- other HrB insurance C's
Confederation Life Rssociation, Toronto,
Canadian Railway Rcrdsnt Insurance Co,
Reliancb Loan ���# Savings Company,
S. ��. Wjc��Dermot,
��   ��   ��   ��   ��
Don't Forget These Facts:
McDEftMOT is showig the finest Mining Boot on earth.
From $40 to $65 Spot Cash.
��  ��  ��  ��  ��
fflpfttOflsflT has just received a large consignment of the
1M��jJEI\U1U 1 Kickapoo Remedies. If you feel down in
the mouth purchase a bottle of Sagwa. It will make you a
new man or woman (right up to date).
lledpath's Granulated Sugar is the best for preserving
Preserve Jars-all sizes at   EASTE^    PAIGES.
New Jams and Marmalades just received.
Commencing to arrive.   " Direct Import."
it will pay you to inspect 'our    flO(lS8     pUPDlSnmQS
stock. We can quote prices that will astonish even the
closest buyer,
General Dealer.
Newspapers and Parties.
Ab to tho relation between politicians
and newspapers there is a good deal of
discussion just now. A newspaper man
is designated as deserving a certain
Government position, or if a newspaper
displays independence, its action is
attributed to discontent over an appointment to an office.
Now, if party services are to be regarded as a qualification for office,���and it
would be pure hypocracy to say that
they are jiot,���newspaper men ought to
bo in the first rank j and the more outspoken they have beon, the better they
have served tho party as well as the
country, nnd therefore the bettor their
claim to rcognition.
We confess, however, that our-ambition is to Bee journalism raisod to such a
position that public office will not bo
particularly attractivo to its membeiu
And the more independent it ia, tho
sooner it will attain to that position. At
alt events, tjie' writer who speaks h
mind freely on all occasions takes a good
deal more satisfaction out of life than
his neighbor, who is always thinking of
tlie intereats of tho party. If he does
not get the office, he has the consolation
of looking back at a career tilled with
intellectual exercise and healthful excitement, while the other follow may
have published tlie politician's long
speeches and patched up his mistakes
and otherwise added to the sum of
human weariness, and then found himself Bet aside for somo poison whoso
party services consisted in sitting in a
committee room and looking wise. Independence is best for the newspaper, best
for the party and best for tho country.-���
Toronto Globe.
The " Miser " ofiico for neat, artistic
job printing. Mail orders promply at
tendejd to,
���:In Golden, ist���
Tlie 33est Store
In East ZE��ooteKL��.3r
FOR   ^��g-A
Miners & Prospectors Outfits.
A specialty is made of this line of business. A
complete list of goods always in stock.
WARREN'S other line of goods is unrivalled.
Provisions,   Hardware,   Hosiery,   Etc.
Every department is replete. A trial is only
necessary to become a constant customer. WARREN'S STORE is tho foremost in the district.
Th�� <3rold.e:n & Foxt Steele
Limited Liability.
Authorized Capital Stock
750,000 SHARES at the
Treasury Stock     *m
This is a purely local Mining Company, formed for the
purpose of acquiring and developing properties in East
Kootenay, the richest part in British olumbia.
The management of the Company is in the hands of capable men who are right on tho spot and are therefore able
to secure on behalf of the Company the best properties
Pres.-.Tnos. McNaught, Esq., Financial Agent, Fort Steele.
Vice-President: Alex. Allan, Esq,, Merchant, Calgary, and
S. Barber, Esq., Secretary Golden Lumber Co'y, Golden.
Treasurer: Alex. McQueen, Esq., Manager Bell Telephone
Company, Calgary.
Secretary: Geo. S. McCarter, Barrister Golden.
There are no salaried officials in this Company. The promoters shares are pooled until the Company earns dividends. Experienced prospectors have been engaged to
secure claims for the Company in the Golden and Fort
Steele Districts.
The Company posesses two of the most valuable mining
properties that exist in East Kootenay: The " Tinbasket
Claims " on Kinbasket Lake, in the Donald Mining Division and the Mercier Group at tho head of. Bugaboo Creek
in the Golden Mining Division. The Company is developing these properties. They are unsurpassed in East Kootenay.
The company will also acquire and develop and sell properties and handle others on behalf of prospectors and investors.
The first block of 50,000 Treasury Shares is now nearly
exhausted. A second block of 50,000 will be shortly issued
at 50 cents per share.
For forms of prospectus, application for stock, and full
information apply to any of the directors or to
Brokers Calgary. Secretary, Golden.
Bankers: Bank of Montreal, Calgary.
The Beat Beer in Canada iti made by tlie
Calgary Brewing &
Malting Co., Lt'd.
Manufacturers of Boer, Ale and Soda Water
Insist on setting Calgary Beer .every time. They
all have it. The Company's agent for East
Kootenay is
H, G. PARSON, Golden, B. <j,
We can.
Sot 1ml
�� �� ��
Our motto is :   Best Material
Perfect Fit   Latest Style
Reasonable Price.
��  ��  ��
-f. C 7joms
Merchant Tailor,


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