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East Kootenay Miner Dec 9, 1897

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Array >uo/.
Devoted to tbe ping Interests and Development ol the District of EAST ROOTEJiAY.
Vol. 1, No. 20.
Golden,  B.   C,  Thursday  December 9th,   1897.
$2.00 Per Year
Abnum.-BOX 49 GOLDEN, B.C.
Golden', B.C.
Fire, Life, Real EMtU, House AgenU,
AuctiOBeuru and Cuitoui* Brokers
tin Agencies:
Queen, I.anemliirp, Union, Hartford.
Air ope in ttteamuliip Ticket Oftlce.
Tkt Hun Life Iniui-anceCompiny.
Tbe Ontario Accident Insurance Co'jr.
Tbe Ulrbeck loveittnuntaad Loan Co.
H. L. Cummins, P.L.S.,
And Civil Engineer.
Fort Steele, B.C.
Thos. McNaught,
HUlna Broker, Financial Agent, Conveyancer
and Notary rut-Ill'.
rtat (-flea (-4 dress i
Ami Ofli.-cH and ''
Chemical Laboratory,
far moral ytars with Vivian A Dona, Bwan*
(HO, ana local representative lor tliem.
For I yaara manager lor the-usayar. tothe
Atlo Tlato Co., London.
Caaadfan reprtsoatatt-re ot the CassriGold
Ixtraetlng Co. L'td. Glasgow (Cyanide process.)
H.B.��� All work personally superintended. Only
somptunl men trnployed.    No pupils. re
Jas. Henderson,
Pleas Prepared. .
Prompt attention given to order..
A iupply<rf Building Lime lor sale.
The Golden
rtah and Salt Meat*. tm___________________mm
Kiah and Game In i-wason.
DealeninCftttlo.fihovpana Horses,
Mali erderi receive prompt attention.
Livery and
Feed Stables
Good Riddle Homea and .tigs of All Kind* for
Hire at Reanonable Rates.
Teaming of AU Kinds a Specially.
Hamilton and Skelton,
Golden, B. C.
Good Time
By every man who lias a watch.
��% ALEXAJDEl), ���
C.P.R. Watch Iwrpector will 1ms
���Wednesday to Frldwy __>>
each week. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Work can be left at
It. H. Bell
Wedding flings
to wiaii M Ws
Newly Refitted & Refurnished.
The heat of the kind west of
Everything Complete.
All Modern Conveniences.
J.  Lamontagne, Prop.
Wong See,
Optician and
Watches cleaned, .ictrcllcey mounted, classes
mended and (Inns repaired, First class work
In every department. A trial solicited, so culm.
Wong See, Golden.
Tom Lee, (��>
has tho heat restaurant in Golden. It ia open at all hours.
Kvorv delicacy and .fruit in itn
Season. A l-'ood selection of
Chinese Lily flower roots apply
at once Ior the Choicest ero the)i
go to
�� Tom Lee, Bakery, <��>
Meals V��f and Night.
^.������.*+*.* *.** A ***A_ft_fc___,_k_fc_fc_fc_fc___,_fcAA
Jff WP ffffffff WWW**PW��1** W W
I undertaking!
& Embalming     |
Telegraph ordersreceivepromptattentfon J
The Ppovidenee Fur Co
Providence, R.I.
wants all kinds ol row furs, skins, ginseng, seneea, etc. Prices for next sixty
days are as follows:
Silver For. (15.00 to $160.00.
Bear �� 5.00 to (26.00.
Otter t 4.00 to %  0.00.
Martin (2.00 to (  9.00.
Beaver (per pound)...( 3.00 to (   3.50.
Wolf ( 1.00 to .(  2.00.
RodFox (1.00to(   2.00.
Mink (   .75 to (   2.00.
Skunk  (   ,25 to (   1.00.
Gray Fox (   ,60 to (    .75.
Bat (   ,20to(    .25.
Price list on all other furs and skins
famished upon application. Full prices
guaranteed, careful selection, courteous
treatment, and immediate remittance on
all consignments.
Mvery, peed &
Sale Stables,
Fort Steele, S.E. Kootenay.
Pack Trains for mines supplied.
Freighting ol atl kinds undertaken.
Calgary. - Alberta.
Qur    ^--\
are very interesting. Send
us a post card and we will
mail one to you.
Hudson's  Bay
CALGARY,    ���    ALTA.
The records of tlio mining office ot
Golden division show that during the
month of November twelve miner's
licenses have lieen iaeued, that seven
mineral claims have lieen staked; three
certificates of improvement have been
granted and that thero have been conveyances of six mineral claims.
All tho certificates ol improvement
are granted to tho Alberta <t Kootonay
Development Co. for work done on their
mineral claims the Mabel, Doctor and
Lawyer. This company is doing some
good, solid work in developing the mineral resources ot tho district.
For the month ot December two miner's licenses have been issued; three
claims have been staked and recorded
and one conveyance of a mineral claim.
Of the seven mineral claims staked in
November three are recorded since 20th
November and the other three in December are recorded on the 6th.
Of these six cli ims staked, three arc
staked and recorded in name of Jacob
Dolmage. Tins Miner is very much interested to know how Jacob Dolmage
and the other three stuko holders got
their stakes driven into the ground, seeing there are so muny feet of snow. Me
would be equally interested to see the
specimens of mineral which they all
swear they found in place whon they
staked out the claims. When these
miners can prospect in the mountains at
that time of the year, dint-over und stake
out mineral claims and find rock iu place
they ought to be splendid prospectors
for Klondike. Wonderful things in the
way of mining* have been done in West
Kootenay but East Kootenay appears to
be excelling so far as winter prospecting
is concerned.
' The Banks at Edmonton, X.W.T., are
reported to hare taken in about (38,000
worth of Saskatchewan gold since the
season opened. Taking it since last
November, (55,000 is n conservative
estimate of the quantity of dust handled
by them.
Tho Winnipeg Free Press states that
Mr. Mitchell-Innes of the Golden Mining Co., British Coldmbia, was in that
city last Saturday, returning from East
Kootenay, where he owns several mines.
Mr. limes claims the Klondike movement will be a good thing for the Kootenuy miners, as in a year or two, when
the Klondike minors are returning, they
will settle in British Columbia,
Mr. William Blakemorc, M.E., for
several years prominently identified with
the opening up and re-equipment of the
various collieries in Cape Breton of the
Dominion Coal Co., has received the appointment of general manager of the
Crow's Nest Coal Co. Ltd., whose valuable coal areas are in tho basin of the
Elk river in East Kootenay. Mr. Blakemorc examined these coal fields this
summer and made reports on them for
behoof of the company, as to tho best
methods of working and developing
thorn. This has now led to his appoint-1
ment ns general manager. These coal j
fields arc to be opened up immediately
and with a view to purchasing pltnt for
their equipment, Mr. Blakemore sailed
for Scotland on the 13th of Inst month.
He goes out to East Kootenuy again early,
in the New Year.
A romancer from tho frozen north believes he has discovered the mountain
quarts, from which all tho gold ou the
Yukon and other streams originally
came. 1 le has a specimen from a solid
ridgo of quart* forty miles long, which
contains more gold than quart*. Hero
is ti property for you. We uro of to the
froscn north too if we can get a few claims
stuked out there on that lodge. A solid
ridge of quart* forty miles long means a
ridgo of solid quart*, and this "solid
quart* " is more than half gold. Think
of it, solid quart* more than hall gold.
That is, a ton of " solid quint* " would
contain say 1200 or 1500 pounds of gold,
Now Yukon gold is worth (15 per oun ce.
In say 1500 pounds of gold there would
bo 18,000 ounces ut (15 meant (270,000
to tho ton. That settles it. If w�� get
these claims the Kicking Ilorsecun wash
Tux Misku und all its outfit Into the
Columbia for ought wc care.
In British Columbia, the coming mining district seems to be thnt.divi.-ion of
East Kootenay surrounding Fort Steele.
The Immense bodies of low grade ore
ensure greut industrial dcvqlopmont as
soon as transportation can be furnished
by the Crow's Nest branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which is now being
constructed with energy and rapidity.
In every direction from Fort Steele are
promising mining camps, each one capable of supporting thousands nf operatives
The nearness of the greut conl fluids of
the Crow's Nest Pass, where a company
is now preparing to produce coke on a
large scale, is of great advantage, and
there can be Utile doubt that railway
competition will be secured by the building of a branch from the Great Northern
railway which is at present reached by
steamboats on the river Kootenay.which
great river runs south through tho district and meets the Great Northern at
Jennings, Montana.
The oldest and principal town is Fort
Steele whicli iB beautifully situated on
the Kootenny river nt tlie mouth of the
St. Mary's river and Wild Horse creek;
it is built on high bench land, the scenery lieing magnificent and the climate
unsurpassed. Up Wild Horse creek,
front which over ten millions of dollars
have been taken in gold, arc many promising properties now under development
showing immense deposits of coppor and
gold nre, nnd on tho slopes of the first
range, all the way from Tracy creek to
Elk river, a distance of sixty miles,
promising properties are being developed
in every gulch.
To the west, a low rolling country with
considerable prairie extends almost to
the now well known North Star and
Sullivan groups of silver-lead niineB
which arc about twenty-live miles from
Steele. In tho southerly part of this
prairie country is located the new town
of Cranbrook, whicli iB to be a divisional
point on tho railway, and perhaps thu
starting point of the spur to the North
Star group, and bids fair to be a town of
considerable importance.
About twenty miles sonthof Cranbrook near the shore of the beautiful
Moyie lake is the St. Eugene mine,
which probably has the largest body of
silver-lead ore in thu Kootenays.
About twenty-two miles Bouth of Fort
Steele, on the Kootonay river is located
tbe new town of Wurdner, where the
railway crossing ia now being constructed, this will probably bu the smelter
town of the district, owing to its natural
geographical advantages, lying us it
docs between the mines and the coking
ovens of tho Crow's Nest Coal company
and at the intersection of tlie two great
transportation routes, the Crow's Nest
railway and the Kootenny rivor.���The
Spokane Miner & Electrician.
A Tall Estimate of East Kootenay.
Tho following extract is from a Scottish exchange :���
" On Saturday night Mr. A. E. Butter
of Fnskally, Pitlochrv, returned home
from a shooting expedition in tho Rocky
Mountains. Mr. Butter left Scotland in
July, nnd travelling via Montreal, journeyed by the Canadian Pacific Railway
to Golden, then sailing 200 miles up the
Columbia river. While pursuing the
chase, Mr. Butter found that tlie district, which last year was practically
untouched, hud been visited by muny
prospectors for gold und minerals. Game
had consequently been driven very far
back into the mountains. Mr. Butter
penetrated where no white man had
been before, and had frequently cut
trails in the scrub nnd undergrowth
For six weeks he shot nothing, nnd lived
on beans. Thereafter he got into a good
game country, und in a very short time
killed thirty-two head, including sheep,
bear, goats and deer. He usually camp*
cd at an altitude of 6000 feet. November
and December are the host months for
sport. Mr. flutter has been compelled
to return earlier than he anticipated.
He fell with a pack of incut on his hack
and strained himself. After a fortnight's
journey, he consulted a doctor nt Banff.
To his regret ho was told he was not lit
to continue the sport."
It is only a few weeks ago Mr. A. E.
Butter and his brother left Golden nn
their return to the old country with tho
expectation of returning iu March to
hunt cariboo and grlixley. When they
return we can take them to places where
the loot nf no man, red or white, bus
trod except our own, nnd where they
will have abiinduucuof spurt.
The New Journalism.
Sixty-nino pages of rubbish,
Twenty-two pages oi rut,
Forty-six pages of scandal vile,
Served to us piping hot.
Seventeen hundred pictures���
Death, disease and despair-
Lies and fakes und fakes mid lies
Stuck in 'most everywhere.
THE HIGHER UPPER I the Simpson) is reached and then follow
KOOTENAY VALLEY. j it, which also comes out at Banff.    This
  i is named the Simpson pass in honor of
Its Resouroos In Timber and Mln-1 _[,���  traveller  who  lirst explored and
eral���A Fine Game Country.
The higher Upper Kootenay valley lies
entirely in the Rocky mountains, Tho
great valley extending from thu international boundary awny up into the
Cariboo country receives the waters of
tho Kootenay and Columbia rivers. The
greater portion of thiB valley lies right
in between thu Selkirks nnd Rockies.
Mid-way in this valloy is the Upper
Columbia lake, the headwaters of the
Columbia river, which emerges from the
lake at its northern end und Hows north
between the Selkirks and Rockies. Midway in thiB valley the Kootenay emerges
from a defile in tho Uoeky mountains
and Hows south between the same ranges
of mountains. Tlie distance between
the two rivers is less than two miles.
The waters of the Kootenay, although
flowing south, are several feet higher
than the Columbia and could be easily
diverted to flow into the Columbia river,
and tlie space between them is so level
as to be called u flat.
The defile in tlio Rockies from which
tho Kootenay emerges is a long, narrow
valley and extends for more than 120
miles in a northwesterly direction. Tliis
wrote tho country.
This country hits been a favorite hunting place, as big game is plentiful. It
consists principally of moose, deer, goat,
sheep aud bear. The trupiier has frequented it for the martin and beaver; he
and the hunter had the country nlniosi
to themselves. Now the lumberman has
been in for sonic time and the prospector
is following. Claims hove lieen staked
at its lower end, not many miles from
the Canal Flats, in tho Windermere
division; while awuy at Its highest upper
part rich finds of copper are reported.
Undoubtedly there are immense quart*
showings, but what their showings contain remain to be seen.
There are showings and indications of
mineral, hut the discoverers were more
intent in the search of furs than in seeking out mineral wealth, which was then
unknown to exist among tlio quart* of
East Kootenuy. Now the prospector
will probably push on his investigation
and possibly rich discoveries may yet be
reported among the Rockies, although
the popular belief is that they are barren
iu mineral wealth. Medicinal springs
have been discovered, called the White
tilphtn* springs, containing magnesia,
valley extending away into the mouu- j |)Ut cold ; whicli Bhows that some parts
tains is almost parallel with the Upper | are not entirely   barren   of  mineral.
Columbia valley.   They are only sepur- j These are not far from Knnauuskis lake,
atcd from each other by u long, continii- j . , _. .	
Golden and the Kicking Horse.
A channel about n mile long has now
been cut up the Kicking Horse through
the solid ice, and this, it is expected,
will in a short time give rebel to tho
pent-up waters and avert all danger of
ous range of the Rockies, not more than
twelve  miles apart,  although   bv the
passes which connect them the distance
may be  twenty miles.   Very little is
known of this long, narrow valley, witli
its lateral valleys and its tributaries, and
passes leading to and from beyond what,,,
r     . ,.   ,     ,,.,.' , Golden being Hooded.   Ihe water is now
has been disclosed by the trapper and .       ,?       .,     ,,        .,..        ,
,.*,., *       ,, : running with considerable rapidity, and
hunter. The prospector and lumberman i a,       .      .      ,.    , ,
- men are busy keeping this channel clear
have made very littlo encroachment
upon it, although it is rich in tlie wealth
in which both nre in search of. It
possess some fine bench lands and grazing grounds, and lias hundreds of acres
of fine meadow-land. One meadow is
described as twelve miles long and
another three miles long, from one und
a quarter to one and u half miles broad.
But all are unfilled, unpastured and
uncut. The white man has not yet
taken up his abode. The winters are
long and severe, and the bhow is heavy
and deep and lies long.    There are lots
and removing tlie slush from the bottom,
so that the flow of water may he
increased. As yet then- is not much
change. The rivulets atill continue to
run in front of the Kootenay house, and
instead of being diminished have been -
increased. Tlie water is now iu several
of the cellars of the houses iu the old
town. Over iu the new town the new
river which came into existence and
appeared last week has now dwindled
down into u rivulet, its headwaters having been diverted into the ice-cut
channel, and ull danger to Mr. Parson'���
of fine timber with a very heavyMinder-1 ��� ,( ((>. t||(J t ow    A thaw
growth, and at the fur upper end of the | ,,������ -^ ,n ���������,������,.��� for th, laHt tWt>
Thirtv-lour snd comic pn
Printed in reds, greens
Thousands of items wc don
But only two columns of news
\nl blues;
in care to read,
valley lumber camps  are now  being
Tho principal lateral valley and tributary is the Vermillion rivor, which Irom
its volume of water might be almost
considered tho main stream, only that
tho Kootenay is continuous. It takes its
rise in an immense ice field nr glacier
which is also the headwaters of the
Ottertail, which subsequently becomes a
tributary of the Columbia through flowing into the Kicking Horse, which joins
the Columbia at Golden, little more than
120 miles Irom the head of its source in i
the Upper Columbia lake. j
The Otteitail and the Kootenay, where!
thev commence to How from their com- j
mon source, are not more than three
mile! apart. Tlie Kootenay Is only 12
miles from tho Ottertail bridge and not
more than 14 miles from Ottertail
station. Tlie distance from Golden, on
the Columbia, is aliout 20 miles. It will
thuH be seen how close the rivers are for
tin*, great distance, and yet flowing in
contrary directions���an example of the
porvonity of nature.
The summit ot the Rockies is tho
natural division between Alberta ami
British Columbia, and a scries of passes
days, and, if it continues, there is the
serious danger of a big tlood coining.
Tone- " Lib on the Ocean Wave."
A lib in u Halfbrccd's shack when tho
rnin begins to fall,
Drip, drip thro' thu mud on the roof and ���
the wind coinus thro' the wall.
A tenderfoot sat and cussed his luck aa
he feebly shouts out " Aw!
This country's a blooiuin'  fraud and  I
want to go 'oiue to my mu.''
Awl  Aw!   I want to go'utne to my mil;
Aw !   Aw!    I want tu go 'omu to my niu.
He goes out to chop some wood whun it
is 4.V lielow���
Ho aims a smack at a log and amputates
his too.
As he hobbles back into the shack he
feebly shout out " Aw !
This country's a blooiuin1 fraud and  I
waul to go 'owe to my niu."
������ CltOKt'S,
He jumps on bis fiery cityuse, intcndiii;
lo cover the round,
load from the Columbia valley in British | The animal stuns to buck and deposits
Columbia through this Kootenay valley
into Alberta. They arc now seldom used,
not even by the Indians, and only
occasionally by the trapper and hunter,
as better means of access and egress now
The two best known passes from the
Upper Columbia valley into the higher
Upper Kootenay valley are the Sinclair
pass nnd the Vermillion pass. Tlie
Sinclas pass is up Sinclair creek, about
three miles south from McKay's ranche,
which leadB into the Kootonay valley.
This valloy is then crossed into the
White Man's pass, which lends up Cross
river and comes out at Cnniuoro or
Kunsnnskis. If the north side of tlie
lake is taken, Canniore is reached; if
the south side, Kanunuskis. The Vermillion pass leads tip Dead Man's creek,
crosses tho Kootenay valley and lends
up into the Vermillion river. Here arc
the choice of two pusbos���one (tlie north
pass) coming out at Silver City, und the
other (tho south pass) at Banff.   There
is another way by going up the Simpson ! Thu .C"^.'_ ��� Mo,)mi,-.. ���..���,.., .mu j,
river (a tributary of the Kootenay) until j want'to go 'onie. to ni}' mu.
the mouth of the Healy (an affluent of'    ���CnoBia.
him uu ihe ground.
As he picks himself up with a curse, ho
feebly shouts out " Aw!
This country's a Mooiniu'  Iruud aud L
want to go 'onie tu iny ma."'
He puts his money in town lots���wrong
und of Calgary,
And waits and wails lor tlie boom until
he gets broke, like mu.
When hu can't get any more " tick " ho-
feebly shunts out " Aw !
This country's a blooiuin'  fraud and I
want to go 'omu to my ma."
He can't get any more work (and he
wouldn't know how il ho could),
So thev run him In as a " vug " and set
him to " bucking " wood.
As be paces his guardroom cell he feebly
Bhouts out " Awl
This country's a bluoiniu' fraud and I
want to go 'ume to my mu."
Now, all you tenderfeet, list to what t
um'going lo say:
If you haven't n government sit you'd
better stay away;
Then you wouldn't lie cursing your luck
und feebly shunting " AW '��� rsr*���5=5
gffTFww-FP.v'm-awwm a���w. twi gwgjjja
*2Ty*<? ^/;
A Weekly Journal, published every Thursday
lu too Interest Of the i-:n.-i K outturn y District
malting closest LOMieetion.1 ..d!i ttll train* *tiil
mail runtt-.-i.
HURSfilUlTION ItATKB: By mall or carrier,
f.'.oj per yu/ir In advance.
���iDVEttTISING FUTKS : Display ads, ft,t��pcr
uuluii\tl Inch, fi.VD per column inch when in*
s#rtud mi tin title page ; legal ads. iu uenu per
fuotipareil) Ituo for first Iiwertlmi, fl emit* per
liuu ior en.'ii additional liiaerttoti; ruaumg
notices 15 cewtM per Him each Insertion,
Changes of ads. must ou In oftttte not later than
Itlrtli, marriage and death notices Inserted
JOB DEPARTMENT: our Jul) Department
Is I In* Wat equips til printing office in K��st
K')()t"ii��iy and i�� prepared to itn neat, artistic
printing nt ii reasonable pries. One price to nil.
Mail order *t receive primllft uttemiou.
CORRESPONDENTS;; i Wv .Invito eorrcupon
deuce on any subject ot Interest m the general
public H.i-4 desire * r��BUlilr'-c**oW*wyuunout nt
every point in Uie Ptilrlvt*, lit,.nil uiuten the
tigna flile name of Writer mint acebtnpaiiy the
iu,.iii;u. i,|,i, not ueueftsarlly tor. publication
but an a guarantee of good initli.
Correspondence with rofereuco to any mo Iter
thit lit* ��|i|.--n,rt*il in mid,her paper mum lirsl
It offer* i in Ui'.1 pit).i-r   (ur  implication   Oeiofc
It van Mppfitr in "Tat MiNKlt."
Addiets all (jouiiuun lent ions
Golden, It. 0.
THURSDAY, DEC. 0, 1897.
Private Individuals Now  Hold  Coal
Lands on  the  Line of  the
Crow's   Nest   Pass
TVluuli any other railway would havo the
Hgltt to connect.
The ('. r. tt, ueca its influence to
sonire from the; Dominion government a
money tmbfsltly to help the C. P. It, to
build tlu* Crow's Nest Pftss railway.
Dominion covommont, having refllfied
��i'T paon Rules and ononis helvtinc to
I'imvate. Bills.
Kt;LK 69.
i'U. APPLICATIONS  lor   Private Bills, pro-
***/ petty ihekitujuct oi  lenisintioii ijy tile Lea*
.  ,. ,        , ,. , .   i (slative Assembly ot llrltlan columi-m, within
in   uelianco  of  public  opinion  widely [th-a.purvidty ut ihe ������lirnMh fiurtu America
exprcSHOd, in the hou.se ami out of it, to IA"'1'l**7'" ��***��(�� M*��!���*����*a **��?���
disallow the I!. C. S. charter, hesitntet)
about the subsidy; but the influence of
: tin* C. P. K. and itn buckorti prevails.
. and the government finally ngrees to pay
I tho C. P. R. $10,000 cash subsidy per
���. mile for donstructiou of the railway.
��� approximately 1110 mites long.
! The t'. P. ti., whicli did not receive an
i acre of coal hind with tho charter, agrees
t to tranter 50,000 acres "f coal lamia to
; the government as a mark of esteem for
I that tjenorotifl and considerate body;
i The Crow's Nest l*atfl Coal .company
enters into full enjoyment of its rights of
ownership in the 300,000 acres'of coal
laud which British Columbia granted
originally ior the purpose of building a
The people of British Columbia through
thoir representatives in tho legislature
- grant tlie most valuable coal finds in the
| world to a railway company au a subsidy
j to ensure the construction of a railway
i which would be beneticial to tlie country.
j Tho railway company secures posses*
! lion of .tho land, does not construct the
I railway, and sells the charter.
The coal land passes into tho hands of
l a coal company formed within a railway
The people oE Canada are called upon
tn>j i.i'ii-.iim oi tt Railway, Tramway, TurnpiKc
Komi, orTelutffapii oi 'i-jiepiioiio Line; the uon-
ut met Ion or luiitcoveuient ol �� ilarbtiur, Uatiul,
1-ocK, Dam, (illiie.or other like work; tue grant'
ini; out njjiii ot Irerry; tliulueori>or^tlon oi any
pRitiutilar ti'tide or cniliiiK- or 01 any .Joint
stbolc Company; or otherwise ior grunting to
any Individual or Indlviduah uny exclusive or
peculiar rights or pnvlli-ai-s wnatever,6r lor
tloiiiK'ftny   umlicr ur tiling whluli ill ltd opur-
iiiH.u wooiti mfri't iiit righiB or property of
other partiesi or relato to any particular class
ol the community, or for mating any amendment ol n like nature to any wnitr Act,--?.,mil
rctpiirn n Notice, clearly and ii.-itiiu.tly upeciiy-
iiit; im* nature ami objcot<*i tin: appltcatio'n
anil, where tlie applientiot refers lo any )iro-
pUHed work, lodleutlllg feu -irally the location
oi the work, mid signed By or on beliuli of in?
applicant!, sueh notice tu be puhliatiednkiol-
lu WS I���
in the British Colujioia *1a*jktte, Jmd in one
newspaper puolieht*u in tue i'i.inii;i affected) or
If tiiere Ue no uuwupdper pnoli.suea therein,
then in a newspaper juthi next nearest Ole-
trim in which rv newspaper ii puolliitiud,
Sucii notice nhuii oouonuiiueu iueath ease
for a pi-niji! oi at least h!a weeks, during the
Interval or time between tr.e time oi the next
proceeding BesuJoii ami uie .<Jiij>itterution ot the
I'utiliitu, an.! copit'x of Hiich ootlue .shall be ��i*nt
|jy thu pttrtit'H iunertiug nilch notice tu tlio
cierk ot tiie lloine to hi; jiled amongst the
reeerdeof tue ComiiitttcoonBtalidllig oruem.
01, No Petition tor any Private Bill shall ho
received hy the Hotlse alter tho rtrst ten day** of
each HoM-iiui), nor may any Private Bill be presented to lite UeUSU ftfn-i the first three Weeks
oi ft.clt Hussion, nor m.'.v any Report of any
Standing or Helect Committee upon a Private
Bill he received after the first nuir weeks oi
cai'ii Hessieu, umi no Mot.on for tiie Bjispoiislon
or luodilleutiou of tills Kule ahull oe i-uieriutn-
L-d hy the House until the unue lias been reported On by the Cbiitmttteu on Btunalng Orders
ur after reierence htauu thereof **i a previous
sitting of tue House io tht- Htauditigtlummittees
charged Willi consideration oi Private Bills,
wuo .shall report thereon to the House, And H
lills Utile hhui he suspended or m oil Hied as
uiurosald the promotei.i of uny Private Bill
Which lh prineULsii alter the time herein he tore
iiiuiteil, or mr which the ivtition has been received mtcr the time hereinbefore limited,
the construction of the line.
Thus the land in alienated from the
public domain;   it i.s in posseesipu ot'
men who got it for nothing, or i*.t least |
gave the province nothing for it, and will | siiaiuisopay i&liuioForii oi Vh'e iiou'sens
,   . ,       .,     ,. oi three hundred uuliars.  li a eopy oi tho I
,      ...      . ,,_. .   .      ahull in either ease nay uutthle the tecs reuuir-
to pay upwards of $��,O00,O00 in cash ior  ���_������] Us herein mentloueti, utiiess the House snail
In lHft'* coal is discovered in the Crow's
Nest puss, on the British Columbia side
of tlie Rocky mountains.
In 1887 Col. Baker, a nuMiibor of the
British Columbia legislature, visits the
pass and satisfies himself as to the great
extent and value of the coal bods,
Sir William (then plain Mr.) Van
Horiio's attention is drawn to these coal
deposits and his answer in that the
Canadian Pacific railway has no interests
in that part of tht* country.
ln 1888 the British Columbia Southern
Railway company in granted a charter
hy the provincial government to construct a railway from the summit of the
pass to Kootenuy lake, u distance of
about 170 miles.
To guarantee construction the company, by way of subsidy, secures a liberal
land grant from the government of
British Columbia, which grant includes
all thu coal lands in the pass, subject,
some say. to a royalty of live cents per
ln 1800 the Cmw's Nest pasa Coal
company, composed of the gentlemen
win* made up tlu1 British Columbia
{southern Hallway company, is organized';
Tins company within a company pur-
cliasea 10,000 acres of the coal lauds ami
and aftorwarda secures from the British
Columbia Southern Railway company
control of over 800,000 acres of coal land,
���hi fact,all the coal land of Ihe subsidy.
)n 1801 the promoters of tho llritisli
Columbia Southern li nil way company
are prevented from floating their project
hy tiie underhand influence of thu Canadian Pacific railway.
lit 1802 efforts aro made to interest!
capitalists in Loudon, New York and1
San Francisco iu the British Columbia
PStttiiern project, but C. P. 11. influence
in adverse aud opposition strong to prevent anything being done.
In 1803 time limit in the charter for
the commencement of work expires;]
government of British Columbia grants
an extension,
hi 1894arrangements made in the oast'
for funds and surveys are put to work ;:
general financial depression comes; fund
in exhausted and work ceases.
Canadian Pacific Influence i*till a formidable obstacle In thu way of the I
British Columbia Southern promoters.
In 1895 a second extension of time is
granted the B. C. S. company and the
provincial legislature is told that the
Dominion government has been asked
for a subsidy to enable to open up the
coal lands of the Crow's Nest pass, with
every prOBpQCt of success.
Dominion subsidy defeated hy C. P. K.
influences, it is charged, the company
fully dominating the late government.
It. C. S. promoters see that they cannot
hope for anything from Conservative
government at Ottawa, where the C. P.
K, rules.
In 18M Liberal government conies into
power at Ottawa- B. C. S. promoters
identify Senator Cox and Robert Jaffray
with their enterprise.
In 1807 the l'��. C. S��� successful in
transferring the 3. C. charter to to the
C. I*. R. for $85,000, or some such sum,
No coal lands go with the charter; the
Crow's Nest Coal company retain possesion of the coal lands which wero granted
to provide for the construction of the I
The Toronto Globe and Liberal press1
of Ontario, with a few exceptions like j
the Hamilton Times, disapproves of a
movement to disallow and cancel the;
the charter of tho B. C. B. railway, and
to use tho conl lauds so as to have tlie
sailway constructed by the Dominion
government as a national railway with
oiticr to tin: cnuti'ar.v. Any person seeking to
obtain any Private Bill s'uali deposit witn the
Clerk ot lue House, ci&ut days benire the opening ot tiie Session, a priilleU copy of sueh Kill,
atopy ul tlie Bjttlliuu to he presented tothe
lluiue, together wiiii the notices pul.lishcu. At
tue lime 01 iicpoiUiug thu Bill, tiie applicant
. "I   l HI VI!  IIUIIUICM llllllflin,      li   n CIINl   Ul   uu:   Bill!
use it for personal profit; it was given to   petition tdul notices shall not have beon ho de-
the predecessors of these men to enable | I^Sdgat'da,^ SffiSfft oiT
them to construct a public work, and
they retain  it for tlieir own gain; and
i the people have to pay over $8,000,000
; additional for the railway,  whicli the
price of the coal lands would have built
many times over had they been sold at
tlieir value.
The historian of British Columbia, if
I he have no stock in the coal company or
privileges   from   the   railways,   which
might be jeopardized, will have to face
the naked fact that the political methods
that prevailed there towards the end of
the nineteenth century were not such as
those   who  look   for  and respect good
government would wish to see perpetuated. Iu a sparse and scattered population given to much moving about, a few
men   of  mediocre   capabilities   thrust
themselves tothe front without question,
and carried on the government there in
a manner to imply contempt for their
responsibilities to the people. There was
not much money to squander, but the
geiierOUH   WUV   in   which   public   lands j House immediately heioretlie lirst reading,   li
1 aiueiiuiuents are made to any Bill during in
progress belore the Commit tue on Private Bills
Session, and if tiie ivtunm has not oeen presented within the first tub uays ol too Hes-siou,
ihe luminal io he puM to the Clerk snail be six
hundred uolliirs. It tlie Bill shall ..not Jiass
second reading onchali uMnc lees pafu snail
oe returned,
im. Jfviore uny Petition praying for leave to
bring iu a Private Bill iur tue oreeiiou ol a Toll
Brluge, is received by the House, ihe person or
pt-rMH.s intending m pcuuoii lor bilcll BUI,
���hull, upon giving the notice prescribed oy rule
���HS, ai.su at the ssme time ami in the same manlier, give notice M tue rates which tney intend
to t.dk, the extent of the privilege, the height oi
the ai'em.-s,tne interval i/otweetl the abutment!!
or piers lor the passage oi nuts and vessels, ami
mentioning also Whether liuy ltiteuu to creel
u di'iiworidge or not, and the ui mens Ions ui the
Dl. All Private Bills for Acts of Incorporation
.shall he au named us to Incorporate uy refer-
em e tue clauses of the General Acts relating to
thu detail* to be provided ior by sueh liltu;-
ripoclul grounds .-.nail he established tor any
proposed dopamine from this principle, or for
tue introduction ot other provisions as to such
details, ami a note snail he appended to nu
Bill in.dealing tin- provUloiiri thwooi in which
tue General Act is proposed to be departed
irom. Bills whicti ure not framed in accordance with Gils Utile shell ue re-cast hy the promoters mid re-pntiled at iheircxpensc bejure
any Committee passes upon the clauses.
(Iti, All Private Bills .snail he prepared by the
parties applying ior Hie same, and printed iu
s.naii Pic type, twenty-six eiu by tiny ems, ou
gouti paper, in imperial nciuvu form, each page
ivhcn milled measuring W_ inches by 7'*, inches. Tuere snail lie u marginal uuuibei
every tilth line oi each pagej the numbering ol
ihe lines is imi to run on through tht
Bill, hut the lines of each pogearo to be numbered separately, "lie hundred copies oi cud.
Bill  shall   be  deposited with the Clerk of the
wero distributed is indication that a full
treasury, had there been one, would not
have been vigilantly guarded. The
Canadian Pacific railway entered the
province with a right to twenty miles on
each side of the line, and with a disposition to ignore public wishes and public
rights wherever it could safely evade
them.   Tiiere can be no objection to the
land grant under the circumstances, but I N0Ti&"L1? (f?KpY 0IV��S thMapplication
.       . , ' *'   will bf made to the parliament ot Canads
there is, and must always be, objection
to that contrary disposition of the monopoly whicli manifests itself iu its treatment of tho public, through whose
generosity in laud and money tho company enriched itself. Sir Sand fowl
Fleming's survey through the Yellow-
head pass may not have been an easy
route for a railway from an engineering
point of view, but it can safely be said
that it would have proved easier than
the route through the Kicking Horse.
But there was another route through the
mountains, the easiest of all routes: it
was known then aud has since been
found to be, and that is the route by the
Crow's Neat pass, which was rejected, it
is said, because the government desired
to keep the line n distance north of the
international boundary. The gradients
there are insignificant, and had the
Canadian Pacific railway gone that way
it would have had to cross but ono range
of mountains of magnitude, whereas by
tho Kicking Horse it crosses three, and
it is comparatively heavy hauling all the
way. Major Rogers, tlio American
engineer, whs aware of the easiness of
the Crow's Nest pass, for he was furnished with full information on the
subject, but he desired to make a name
as a mountain climber, which accounts
for the many crossings of tho Kicking
Horso river, the abnormal grade at Field,
which the government engineers have
not yet accepted, and tbe fantastical
" loop," which will have to be removed
and the line reconstructed. Had the
Canadian Pacific Railway company been
able to avail itself of the Crow's Nest
route, there would not have beon a
British Columbia Southern Railway
company to sell its charter; thero would
have been no alienation and misappropriation of valuable lands; the conl beds
would have been opened np years ago;
the railway would havo had an easy
grade to tlie coast; there would hare
been a large sum saved in the cost of
construction; the richest and best portions of tlie country would have been
opened up, and not only the province,
but the whole country, would have felt
the benefit.   But the Crow's Nest pass
(Concluded on Page Throe.)
r through  iln* House, such  Bill shall he
primed oy the promoters thereof.
Hate,) lotll November, 1HD7.
Clerk, Legislative Assembly,
��� nd to the Legislative Assembly of the Province
ol British Columbia iii their respective {tension*
to Ineorpoi'ttte a Company to construct a railway to be operated hy stfiiiu or electricity front
a point at or near Cranbrook, in Kast Kootenay,
British Columbia���the most northerly point on
the Crow's Nest Hallway,���thence running lu a
northerly direction up tho Kootenay liiver to
Canal Kiat; (huhr* to the Columbia Lake ami
in u northerly dirnetiou down tha Columbia
Kiver to the Canoe Kiver; thence up the Canoe
Kiver and across the Portage to the bead waters
of the Fruser Hiver; thence down the Knurr
Hiver to Giieome Portage; thence across the
Portage to Parsnip Hiver; thence down the
PsrsnTp Hiver to Findlay Hiver, and up the
Findlay Hiver and across the divide to Kruucoi
Lake, and thence to the Yukon, with power to
divert the route of the line north of tilicome
Portage eithor by way of Dense Lake or as may
he found most suitable on iitrthcr exploration,
with power to build nnd operate branch lines
not exceeding sixty miles In length and all
necessary bridges and roads. Also, to construct
and operate teltgrapl* and telephone lines for
the transmission of mi-*n.%ges for the public; to
build, acquire and ojwrate steam and other
vessels and all nccemiary ferries, wharves and
doUksi to take and us? water for generating
electricity, und to transmit and dispose of the
power therefrom for lighting, heating and
motive purposes; with power also to carry on
the business of a gineral trading company, of
an express compauy; alio to own, manage and
lease hotels, to ac>{tiirn, to acquire timber
limits and operate n.w mills, for the production
aud sale i.f lumber, Mid to mine, explore and
develop miueral lands and to carry on a general
milling and ore smelling business, Including
tho ereeilou and operation of smelters and
Solicitors for Applicants.
Dated at Ottawa fith November, 1897.     Iln ftt
I, Thomas McNaught. Financial Agent, Fort
fitccie. hereby give notice that sixty days after
date it is my Intention to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Jjinds A Works for permission to purchase six hundred aud forty
acres of unsurveyed, unoccupied and unreserved Crown lauds in this neighborhood where
this notice is posted, being on the went side of
Movie Luke nnd about four miles Irom iisunper
end. The boundaries areas marked out from
my north-west corner which Is in close proximity to this notice namely, running south SO
chains, and to the cunt So chains, thence north
SO chains, thence west,to the starting point 80
chains, containing MO acres unoccupied laud.
The starting point running due west from
Moyie Luke taking In a little of both the Little
Lamb aud the Big Lnmb creeks. Located let
day of September, 1807.
Fort Steele, Mth September, 1897.        3m.
PUBLIC NOTICK is hereby given that application will be made to the Parliament of
Canada, nt Hie next session thereof, for an Act
chancing Hie name of The Dominion Building
iiml Nmii Association to that of The Dominion
Permanent Loan Company.
Dated at Toronto, this 17th day of November,
A.I).. 1897.
2 Toronto Street, Toronto.
Solicitors Ior Applicants.
"CoillMNIES ACT, 18.17,"
Canada:' ( ,
Province oi- Bitmsu Coi.vHUU. [
No. 11/97.
���'PHIS IS TO CEBTIFV that the "(lotilen Hri-
1 isli Columbia, Limited," is authorised and
licensed to carry tut business within tho l'rov-
luce of British Columbia, and to carry out or
effect sll or any of the objects hereinafter-set
forth to which the legislative authority ol the
legislature of British Columbia extends.
The head office of the Company is Situate at
No. li, (risen Street Place, City of London, fang-
Tlie amount of the capital of the Company is
��0,000; divided Into nix thousand shares of a
each. ,  _
The head office of the Company in tbs Province Is situate at Golden, and William Gilbert
Mite hell-Innes, whose address is (Iolden, British Columbia, is the Attorney for the Company.
The objects Ior which the Company has been
established and so lleitJised are :���
[a.J To purchase, take oil lease, or otherwise
acquire, mines, mining rights, and metalliferous land and any Interest therein, and to explore, work, exerciar, develop aud turn to
account the same:
[b] To crush, win, get, quarry, smelt, culcliii,
rell ;ie, dress, amalgamate, manipulate, pure ho 3*
and prepare for market, ore, metal, and miueral substances of all kinds, aud to carry on.
eithor upon or in connection with tho premise*
or elsewhere, the business of miners, millers,
smelters, and workers of any processes in the
production, reduction und making merchantable, of miners Is, metals and metallic products,
supplies of water, merchants, and manufacturers, und workers of any miuerals, metals, articles and things used in or in connection with
mining, milling, smelting, and other processes
atoresaid, or any of them:
[ol To search for mines ami minerals either
on land known to contain such mines and minerals or otherwise, aud to buy and sell, lease
or take up the rights of search or other miners'
rights or claims under any mining statutes or
regulations of uny place where the Company
carries ou operations, and auy other rights respecting the same:
[dl To acquire options, or enter into contracts
for the purchase of any grants, (ontHSUthtn*,
leases or iiettu, easements or interests in lauds,
waters, millsites, town-dies, mines, minerals,
and other hereditaments, and any plant, machinery. Implements, conveniences, provisions
and things, and auy other property, real or
personal, movable or immovable, for purpose*
incidental thereto or to any other objects of tht
Company, or capable of being used ill connection with metallurgical operations or required
by workmen or others employed by the Company, und to work, trunsicr, let or sublet the
(<j) To acquire any inventions, letters patent
or net-uses, capable of being used tor the purposes of tlie Company, or tiny or them, uu.l to
work, transfer, let, or sublet the same:
f. To acquire und undertake the whole or any
part of the buslpess, property aud liabilities, oi
any person or company currying on any business which this Company is authorised to earn
on; ami to acquire and hold auy shares, stocks,
bonds, obligations, debentures, securities, negotiable or otherwise, ol or other interests in
any English, colonial or other companies, associations or undertakings cajiabie ot being managed or conducted so as directly or indirect 1}
to beneiit the business oi the Company. A.lsi
to advance money on any such shares, stocks,
bonds, obligations, debentures, securities ol n.
other interest In such companies, association!-
or uuderuikings, und to accept such ahares oi
stocks, bonds, obligations, debentures or secur-
tles as partial or full security for payments dut
tothe Company:
g. To acquire, construct or hire, or Join with
others in acquiring, constructing or hiring an)
mills, canals, waterworks, machinery, roads,
bridges, tramways, railways, ungineK, plant,
stocks, buildings, works, matters or tiling.*
which may be necessary or convenient for tue
purposes of the Company, or any ot them, aim
to tue working of the same or any psrt thereof:
h. To improve, manage, develop, let underlet
or itell, or otherwise dispose oi, enarge or deal
witli, in any manner whatsoever, the undertaking or any part orpartsid the property m
the Company, or nny rights, way-leaves oi
eusetiients in or over tue muiic, und to accept as
payment., thcreior cither cash or shares, ot
purtly cash and panly shares, in auy other
company purchasing the same;
i. To establish aim maintain agencies of the
Company in any colony, dominion, foreign
country or state, and to procure tht- Compaii)
to he registered or Incorporated in any such
colony, iiomfniou, foreign country or state:
j. To amalgamate witn any oilier company
having object* altogether or ill part IdmtUr t��-
the objects of this Company, and to enter Into
partnership, joint udveiiture, reciprocal con-
cession or otherwise, with any company oi
person or ilrm engaged or about to engage in
any business or transaction which this Company is authorized to engage in, or capable ol
ueing conducted so us directly or Indirectly U<
oeiicilt thfsCompaiiy:
k. To hold, In the names of others, any property which the Com pan v Is authorised Iti
Acquire, und to carry on or do any ot tb��
businesses and actsnnd things aforesaid, cithei
.m, principal or agent, and either by the ugenc)
oi or us ugents or trustees for others:
I. To make, purchase, sell, accept or Indorse
bills of exchange aim other instruments, negotiable "or uthcrwHe,and to borrow money either
with or without security, and either upon negotiable iu-itruments or otherwise, itu.tii-.hiit
the Issue ol debentures charged upon ull or any
oi the Company's property (both present auu
luture), uiciuuing its uncalled capiml:
m. '11, promote ami lorm other tympanies for
any Ml tiie objects mentioned In thu Memorandum:
II, To invest and deal with the moneys of the
Company not immediately required upon sueh
securities aud in such maimer ��s irom lime to
time be determined:
o. To distribute any of the property of the
Company among the members iu specie:
p. To carry on business Hi uny part of the
world and to do all such things us are Incidental or conducive to the attainment of the above
tilven under my hand and seal of office st
Victoria, Province of British Columbia, this
10th day of October, ono thousand eight hundred and iduety-sevcn.
Golden Mer Co.,
Manufacturers of and DaaUi-sir- mm
Douglas Fir,  Spruce nnd Codnr Lumber,  Biding and Flooring,
IXmt-nylon Timber,   Cedar Shingles,   Fence. PoaiM,
Telegritph,  Telephone  and   Metric
Light Poles, Lath, Etc.
Contractors to the C.P.R. Ry.
The Golden Lumber Co.,
(Limited Liability.)
Kootenay # Hease.
S. ADLER, Pboprietor.
��   B. C
Fir-u-Clsss la tvtry particular.   Convenient to Railway Depot and IttaakMt Laaiiitg.
Kates Reasonable.   Free gampli Rooms.
The Tram Car leaves Kootenay House, connecting with dttamer tor fart Btaala arary
Monday and Friday after arrival of train from tht west.
Headquarters for Commercial
and Mining  Men.
For Home Comforts      ��� ��� ���
Modern Conveniences   ��� a ���
Best Cuisine in the West ��� ���
Commodious Sample Rooms ��� ���
First-Class Brands of Liquors and Cigar* ���
Go to the
Columbia JSfouse,
WM. McNEISH, Psop.
Headquarters for Mining Men.
.Golden, B.C.
fl. Y. WOOTTO.V,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
NOTICE Is hereby given that all placer mining claims which are legally mid Iu the
Northern Division of East Kootenay are laid
oyer from the date of tills notice until 1st June
Gold Commlnioucr.
Donald, Dth November, 1697, n3&4
VT0TI0K Is hereby riven thst application will
^ be matin lo the Legislative Assembly of the
Province ol British Columbia, st Its next session, for a Private Bill to incorporate a Com-
r'any to Luild, sciulp, maintain and operate a
lue or linen of railway from a point at or near
Cranbrook, in Kast Kootenay, thence by the
most feasible route to the Ht. Mary's River;
thence In a westerly direction to the headwaters of Ft.Mary's Kiver: and also in an easterly and noitnerly direction from some point on
the said line a branch line up the Kast Kootenay Valloy to the neighbourhood of llorso
Thief and No. 'i creeks and the mluesln that
vicinity; with power to the said Company to
construct a line from the Bull River Croup of
Mines, in East Kootenay, to the most convenient pflint on the main line of the
Crow's Nest Pass Railway; ami also
to authorise aud empower the Company, to
build, from time to time, branch Hues to
groups of mines and concentrators from any of
the three above-mentioned lines of railways,
such branch lines not to exceed twenty ('Jtij
miles in 1-ngth; with power to build telegraph
and telephone linos, and to equip and operate
the said railway and its branches, and to erect
and maintain all necessary works for the generation and transmission of electricity or
power within the area of the operations of the
said Company; and power to build, maintain
and operate wharves, docks and steamboats,
saw-mills, and acquire water privileges to construct dams, flumes, etc., for Improving and
increasing the water privileges, and to make
t re flic or other arrangements with railways,
steamboat or other companies, and for all other
usual and ueeessary powers, rights or
Solicitors for the Applicants.
Victoria, B.C., Mth October, 1807. 4n Gt
GiEORGE   MEADE,   Prop.
--fe.IIcadquartei-1 For******.
Miners,  Prospectors  and  Lumbermen.
Kates $1-00 Fer2Da,3T.
Boaki) * Lodging $5 Per Week.    First Class Bak.
A* Allan & Co.
Dry Goods, Carpets,
Gents' Furnishings,
Hats and Caps.
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
East Kootenay
Supply Store,
WINDERMERE,   E.C -**��b��L1\
Groceries, Dry Goods & General Merchandise.   Miners'
Supplies a Specialty.
Windermere Hotel,
" j.��� James A. Stoddart, Prop.
Choice Wines, Uquors mid C:igam.   First class accommmUtlon.
East Kootenay.
Mining Stock
Name ok Company.
The Gold inline. A I). Co	
Kootenay, C'arihoo M. tt I. Co	
Goldon A Fort Steulu P. Co	
Alberta A Kootenay ti; Co	
Eaat Kootenay and Ulk liiver Pevelop-
ment A Exploration Co	
% 750,000
t  500,000
$    75,000
II .00
Piiie  .Presto.  JDmagrs   at   ID-  3*vC.   CA.XJDER    <5c   Co'��-,   d-oldiem.,
(Continued from Page Two.)
wan not taken. .Mr. Van Home had
" no intvrexttj in that pai t of the country" ; men of inlluence in the provincial
government were allowed to acquire the
ceil lands without question, and men of
" influence" iu the caHt, supported hy a
loading newspaper, assls'te'd iu the diversion of these lands from public use. And
theso are not the only shortcomings of
the political nondcscripta who showed
their incapacity in the Government of
llritisli Columbia, the late Hon. John
Robson excepted. For building the
-Nelson extension the 0. P. 11. was given
another large grant of land. The company could not tlnd enough land to fill
its bill iu what is known as West
Kootenay, m it went over into the
Columbis-Kootenny valley, in what is
known as Kat-t Kootenay, and all
through that valley it has section after
svctiou, timbered and otherwise, tied up
until it be profitable to put them on the
Then there is the Kootenay tarn) company. This .company secured from tho
provincial government a charter to construct a canal connecting tbe headwaters
of the Kootenay river with the Columbia
lake, iu which the Columbia river has its
rise, and providing unimpeded navigation from Golden, on tho Canadian
Pacific railway, through to tho Montana
boundary. As a subsidy for the work
the provincial government granted the
company 30,000 acres of land, to be
chosen u the company saw tit. The
canal was constructed and waa in use
one season. Conceived iu ignorance and
carried out in stupidity, it flooded land
aiud threatened to turn the Kootenay
river entirely into the Columbia and
destroy it as a navigable stream through
200 miles of its course in Canada. So
the canal was abandoned. It is learned
that the lock is falling in; the gates are
broken, and as a, public work it is useless. But hero is thief evil of this job:
Whoever drew up the agreement between
the canal company and the coTcrnment
culpably omitted to insert a rcvisiotiary
clause, that, in the event of the company
���lot providing a serviceable canal, the
land should revert to the people. As it
is, the company have possession of the
finest land in Southern British Columbia,
and tlie people have in exchange for this
(air portion of their patrimony���a ditch;
and to prevent the Kootenay river from
breaking through into the Columbia, the
people will have to fill in this ditch, and
<lo their preventive work at their own
expense, So between them, the C.P.R.
und the Kootenay Land company own
most of tho choicest laud, for, be sure,
these people put their stakes only in
what is tlie best, when there is a choice
to ho made. And East Kootenay is
practically closed to the agriculturist
until the proprietor can make money
out of bim,
In view of the fact that British Columbia is largely a mining country, not an
agricultural one���though by having the
arable land under cultivation, and not
gathered into the maw of cormorant
companies, the wealth of thu province
could lie greatly augmented���it may be
said that this loss is not much to the
people. But what is to be the conclusion
when the sale of the British Columbia
Southern Railway charter and the alienation of the great coal deposits of the
Crow's Nest Pass come to be considered?
Gross deception has been practiced on
- the people of British Columbia. They
were unable to protect themselves. But
there came a time when the Dominion
government could have protected the
people of British Columbia, and the people generally Irom imposition, not to
use a harsher term. When the Canadian Pacific Railway came forward for
ratification of the transfer of the B.C.S.
charter lor the Crow's Nest Pass Railway
J-iffray company for the charter without
acquiring the coal hindR which the British Columbia legislature originally attached to that charter.
The Dominion of Canada, through its
government, gave away itB opportunity
of protecting tho people of British Columbia ; the Dominion of Canada through
its parliament, afterwards gave the C.P.
li. over (3,000,000 to build a railway.
Canada in return for (3,000,000 gets
fewer concessions than the C.P.li. could
have been forced to yield aS a matter of
ordinary business policy; Canada also
gets fifty thousand acres of British Columbia's own coal land, which the C.P.
R. will cither have to buy from the
.luffray company with the country's own
money or receive as a gift.
The C.P.lt. gets three hundred and
thirty miles of railway, which can be
worked to pay large dividends from the
start. This line will be largely paid fur
with tlie country's three million dollars,
a pretty good return for the sum paid by
the C.P.R. to the interests now represented iu tho .laltray company as tlie
price uf the British Columbia Southern
The .laffray company gets (85,000 or
whatever may be the pricctlieCP.lt.
paid (or the British Columbia Southern
charter; the Jaffray Company also gets
whatever price the C.P.R. pays out of
tho country's money for the restitution
of a portion of British Columbia's coal
lands. Finally, the Jnffray company is
in full enjoyment and possession of
tbreu hundred thousand acres of the best
coal land in the world. This land was
given to build a railway, The C.P.R. is
building the railway largely with the
country's money. The C.P.R. have not
got the coal land. Tho country is largely paying for this railway. The country
has cot got tho three hundred thousand
acres of coal land. The Jaffray company
is not building the railway. The Jaffray
company is not paying [or the railway.
The Jaffray company has got three hundred thousand acres of coal laud good
and fast, and what that company has
done or is going to do whicli will be of
value to the people for the empire of
coal land which has passed into private
hands tho "Globe " lias yet to explain.
The C.P.R. takes the subsidy which
will go far towards building the railway
which tho C.P.R. will operate forits own
use and benefit, the railway which British Columbia paid for over aud over
again with its coal land and tho country
nearly paid for with the hard earned
money of the federal tax payer.
The country gives over (3,000,000 of
the federal tax payers' money, and this
money is used in building a railway for
the benefit of the C.P.R. Britisli Columbia gives three hundred thousand
acres of coal land to pay for a railway
which is being built with federal subsidies and poor British Columbia's land,
instead of helping to build the railway,
is helping to enrich the interests represented in the Jaffray company. The
coal lands granted by the British Columbia legislature to build the railway, arc
not being used for that purpose, and
these coal lands were sufficient in value
to do the work many times over.
The interests represented in the Jaffray company take (85,000, or whatever
the price was which tho C P.R. paid for
the British Columbia Southern charter.
Tho interests represented in tno Jaffray company take whatever prieo the C.
P.R. pays out of tho country's money for
30,000 acres of British Columbia's coal
Tho interest!, represented in the Jaffray company retain for their own use
and benefit the three hundred thousand
acres of coal lauds, save the lands they
sell to tho C.P.R., and these acres are
the domain which should have and could
Explaining Things.
Woman is a lovely dream��� and dreams
alw-ays go by contraries.
No man ever gets discouraged in trying
to live without working.
Some men arc like a bass drum���they
make lotB ol noise, but there's nothing
iu them.
Absence sometimes makes the heart
grow fonder���of some other person.
Love may be blind, but. it can smell
the cloves oi a man's breath just the
same. .
The man who figures on marrying an
heiress often finds he isn't well up in
When some mothers sing in order to
qitiet the baby it only adds insult to
A wife is called the better half, because
she usuallv gets the best of the other
Patience nuiv roost on monuments,
but truth seldom finds a plaeo ou
tombstones. ���Exchange.
The most comfortable hotel in South
East Kootenay. Good Table. Good
Wines, Good Attendance. Terms
Wm.   Eschwig,   Prop,
Transfer Co'y.
Wardner, S.E. Kootenav.
Pacific Ry.
�� line whicli Sir William (thon Mr.) Van I have been used to build for the public
Van Home hod no use for a decade ago,
but now was anxious to secure, it was in
the |Hiwer of the government to withhold assent, to havo denounced the British Columbia fcmthorn charter, driven
off tho inono|ioly and itself constructed
the line, as soon as it could have us.id
tho coal beds for that purpose. Disallowance of the charter and federal
assumption of responsibility for the construction of the railway would havo met
all requirements, prevented tho shameful alienation of the coal lands, and relieved the people of tho west, lo some
extent at least, from the oppression and
extortion which the C.P.R. monopoly
boa too long been allowed to practice.
Tbe government was at first inclined to
do this, was strongly advised to do this
by independent men in the House, and
uu untrammelled and independent press
outside of it, but the "Globe" and its
backers managed to command enough
power to prevent the government from
adopting a wise, just and equitable
jiolti-y in this respect. It was the first
* great blunder of the taurlor government
showing a weakness that admirers of it
did not expect to see so early in tbe day.
By this lupliieucss the government countenanced one of the greatest wrongs ever
perpetrated in this country.
British Columbia ga.ye over three hundred thousand acres uf the bust coal
land iu the world, and tha British Columbia Southern charter to the interests
now t*t)re��ented In the Jaftray company, i
The C.P.R, gave a large sum of money I
to tho intereeti now represented in Iho' OALQARY
benefit all the railways British Columbia
will ever need.
Dry Goods
Value in one thing
Satisfaction il another
You f.t both by bujinR  Tour  DRY GOOPfl
Price Lists and S.m-.les forw.r.Itd .u application.
Mail Orders Receive
Prompt Attention.
���<VAT THE"*.
Hudson's  Bay
Whether tlie route to Klondike bo via St. Michaels aiui
the Yukon, or via Dyea or
Skaguay and the Chilcat,
Chilcoot or White Passes or
via tho Stickeen River route,
which is the most likely, or
via the Edmonton, Ashcroft
and the different, routes, the
Canadian Pacific Railway
will be the the best if not the
only route to travel by.
Full information will soon
be in the hands of all agents
of the Canadian Pacific Kail-
way company, tho company
are now making enquiries In
ascertain before advising the
public whicli will be the best
route to go in by. Prom information in its possession a
too early start does not necessarily mean first arrival nt
the Klondike. Ample time
will be allowed for ail necessary arraiigi'inenls.
If you are going Kast or to
jthe Old country this   Kail,
write for a list ut' the rates to
be in effect.
If you  are  looktlig for a I
Since   to spend  the winter.
ajpan & The Hawaiian
Islands are reached as easy
as other points and the expense is less than at other
For full information and
particulars, apply to your
nearest agent or address'
Robert Kerr,
. Traffic Manager,
Winnipeg, Man.
Removed to aoiith end o(
Kicking Hnrao bridge
M.v Motto la:
Ministerof Mines ami Provincial Ki-crctarv-
Him. b'ol. JlUUCS linker.
Provincial Mineralogist���-W. a. Cartylc,
Public Assayer--ll. Carmicltaul.
For tho Province���W. f>. (lure Victoria
suutji Iilntrict comprising Fort Hteelu nuc| Tobacco Plains  Mining  Id visions���J, F. Arm*
strong Cranbrook
North District comprising Donald, Dolileti nnd
Winder in ero Mining Divisions--,1. K. GrlflUlu
���i. Stirrot Donald
F. c.jUng Holder.
a. uoldic , .wi ndermcre
c. M. Edwards Fori Steele
M. Phillips Tobacco Plains
Deputy Clerk of the Poace for North Kast Kootenay Joslah'tStlrrett Donald
Deputy Cleric nf the Peatw for South Kant Knot-
enay���Charles Maa.ioy tid wards.... Fort Steele
Extracts From British Columbia
Statutes Explaining Fully the
Value nnd Necessity of a " Free
Miners" Certificate-No Person Should Attempt Mining:
Without One.
Any person over 18 yeors of ane, mav bu
come a free miner by paying $j to anv gold
commissioner or mineral recorder nnd obtain-
in.,' a certificate good for one vcar.
A free miner may obtain a new certificate for
one lost on paying (1.
A free miner's certificate ia not transferable.
Any person or company working a mineral
claim, held as real estate without license, may
bo lined fAV Mines become reul estate after
crown Kraut bus been i*mi*;d.
Should co-owner fall to pay up bis free miner's
certificate his Interest goes to his co-owners pro
rata according to their former interests.
A iharehnldrr in a joint stock company need
not he a free miner.
A free miner may claim lflOOaiSOO feet, ltut
all angles must be right angles and all measur-
ment must be horizontally.
A free miner may cut timber on crown lands.
A free miner may kill gamo for bis own use
nt all sen ion-**.
A free miner may obtain five acre mlllslto upon erown lamlx in the form of a ttqliare,
A claim may lie held frum Tear to year br
work being done to tlio valtiu of one hundred
Lodes discovered in tunnel may be held If re-
rorded in Unlays.
A free miner may on payment of ffiOO, In Hon of
expenditure on claim, obtain a crown grunt.
Any minfr may, al the discretion uf the gold
rommis-'iniier, obtain n ennrv water rights.    ;
No transfer ot any mineral claim or Interest
Shall be enforceable unless Id writing, signed (
and recorded.
No miliar shall suffer from but act of omission ���
or commission, or delays uu the (iart of tbe
government officials. ;
No claim shall  be open  to location during |
lant Illnc.-ss of bolder, nor withiu  12 months j
after his death, unless by peruilssfou of gold
A mineral claim must be recorded within 15
days after location, if within 1!) miles of ofllee
of mining recorder. One additional dar Is allowed Ior every additional 10 miles or traction
iSM'il, LABOR,
Work on each mining claim tn tbe value of
$100 must lie doue each year from date of record uf mineral claim. Affidavit made by the
holder, or his agent, setting out a detailed
statement of the work done must he tiled with
tbe gold commlssionsr or mining recorder, und
a certilieate of work obtiiini-it, and recorded be-
fore thu expiration of each year irom tbe date
of record of said claim. A tree miner holding
adjoining claims, may subject to filing notice
of bis intent iwii with the gold commissioner or
mining recorder perform on any one or mora of
Bitch claims, all the work required to entitle
him to a certilieate of work for each claim. The
Situated on Ferry Creek,
25 Miles From Fort Steele,
East Kootenay*
$75 to $150 Each according to
f*P(ga*v**v��>***< c; -   Onc-tlilnl down, l-iilunc-e lu three and six
*��"���"���������"����� -      months, without interest.
Tempest & Co.,
Agents, CALGARY.
Upper Columbia
Navigation & Uramway
Co., Limited,   and
International Transportation Company.
Connecting with the C. P. R, at Golden, I?. C.
Groat Northern Railway at Jennings, Montana.
The   Only   Quick   and   Comfortable   Route.
Address all express care of U, C. Co'y, Golden.
General  Merchants
j~��� FORT STEELE, B. O.
Miners Supplies a Specialty.
Agent for tlio California Giant Powder Coin pay.
same provision applies to two or more free mill-1
ers'holding adjoining claims In partnership.!
lu lieu of above work the minor must pay $1001
Printing I
Wc wish to inform tlio j
public that we are prepared
to do Neat,   Artistic,!
Up To Date Printing!
in nil its branches,
Balgardne * Hetel
Fort Steelo, B. C.
Choice Wines, Liqugks and Ok.aks.
R. D. MATHER, Proprietor
Our Specialties
Mentors ml 11ms
CI Millar*
Note Heads
belter Headi
Mill Head*
Hand bill*
('alMtlK i'i*nil
Itnahiri.* Card*
Law brief*
Lumber Honks
bank Work
l'roml.-ory Note*
llerript Forum
Share Certificates
A.s*av Forms
Druggists Labels
Job too
No Job too
Halcyon Hot Springs
The   Fineat   Health   R��'wirt   on   tho Oonttofrit.
Private Hffl.pltal under medical miperiWen*
cfenco with a Trained SihIT of Nun-fa.
Complete Pyatem nf UhiIin. n{ every kind
ami ileai'iirdion.
Medical Director���DR. R. 0. HKKTT, BWr.
Resident Phyatciun A Surgeon��� DK. SPANKIK..
EastKootenayPub.Co.:Subscr.be for u mE MIN��R��
���-A.-S.TrerH.se  In.   " TUB     E.A.ST     KOOTBN.&.-ar    MINES.
��������� Pud-rot of   Interesting   Local  and j will being ������  whole Backfill of present*!.
General News. i W-j trust every person who is able���and
_r_ all in Golden Kre able���will be Hilling to
! do their little in assisting in making the
There will te grand ball at Field onitrc|lt  for  the *iule  one|   *ovous an(i
JSejr Year'e ��*, happy,   The  Mixer,  will  be  glad  to
Tho Golden  Hospital Ball has bacn | receive  gilts  and   donations   ior   the
iristmas Presents
postponed until January 4th.
Mrs. J. F. Xattriu-s, Port Hope, ia here
en a visit to her mother, Mrs.U, Woodley
Mrs, H. CI. Woodley and MiBS Wright
left on .Monday vo spend the winter in
the east.
Mr. Robert little, Fort Steele, has
been appointed temporary manager of
the invicta Placer mine, on Wild Horse
Creek, during Mr. Young's absence in
Mr. Robert L. Brown and Mr. David
A. Good, both ol Golden, have charge of
fixing up the steam-beating apparatus at
the H��lcyoq Hot Springs sanitarium,
Arrow lake, West Kootenay
Golden is suffering from what Fort
KieL-li* so much requires���a flow of water
Fort Steele requires it very much in its
streets and in its houses; Golden does
pot. What a pity they could not effect
u deal.
The brethren of Court Kicking Horse
So. 8713, 1.0.J*1,, will entertain their
friends at u smoking concert to be held
in connection with the open meeting on
Friday, the 17th (list., when a pleasant
lime is expected
Mr. It. King, Presbyterian missionary
at Donald, will conduct services both
morning and evening in the Presbyterian
church, Golden, ou Sunday next. Mr.
-J, It. Harcourt will take Mr. King's
place at Donald ou tlie same day
Mr, A)f. Doyle, of Fort Steele, the
former mail stage driver between Golden
and Fort Steele, w-as in (iolden last Sunday. All' is bu-iy along his former route
in squaring up, collecting his plant and
returning with freight to Fort Steele.
Many would like to see him back in his
pld position.
Among the passengers who arrived in
Golden by the mail stage from Fort
Steele were Dr, Lindsay and Mr. .1. II.
White, M.K, Dr. Lindsay left on the
following day for Calgary and Mr. J. II.
White for Winnipeg. Both anticipate a
big revival of business in South East
Kootenay next season.
The public school closes ou Friday, the
(7th Inst., for the Christmas holidays.
This wcok the pupils nre having a written
examination. Next week the teacher
and pupils would be pleased to have
Visitors at the oral examinations any
lime during school hours, which arc
from 0.30 a.m. to 3 p.m.
llevelstoke, iu North Kootenay, thinks
it ia big enough for incorporation and
wants self-government. It possesses the
remains of a smelter, two newspaper and
some hotels. Golden has much���if not
more. It is about time that it was also
applying for incorporation. Self-government is very much wanted in both towns,
particularly ia Golden.
What do you think of tliis paragraph,
Mr. Calgary Herald, taken from " The
Miner and Electrician ": " The route
to the Yukon via Edmonton has been
, found by tlie police patrol practically
impassable." Is not that so? Therefore the best overland route is the All
World route by East Kootenay, up the
Canoe river and along the western side
of the Koekies.
Mr. Samuel Brewer, Fairmont Spings,
Windermere, East Kootonay, is a brother
(.f Chief Justice Brewer, of the federal
supreme court of America, who ia one of
(lie two commissioners appointed by the
United States government to to the court
pf arbitration whicli is to decide the
dispute between the republic of Venezuela and the colony of British Guinea.
Tlie one is a Britain nnd tlie other is an
American, but both belong to the same
great Anglo-Saxon race which goes to
make for liberty all the world over.
The Kootenays aro to bo divided into
three divisions���North Kootenay, South
West Kootenay and South East Kootenay. North Kootenay will comprehend
the northern portions of East and West
Kootenay and will comprehend Bevel
stoke, Donald, Golden and Windermere,
with its capital at Kevelstokc. South
West Kootenay will comprhend the
greater portion of the present South
West Kootenay and its capital will be
liussland. South East Kootenay will
include the whole of that present district
and a portion of the southern part of
West Kootenay and its capital will be
either Nelson or Cranbrook.
Among the new arrivals in Victoria is
Captain F. P. Armstrong, who has come
from Golden with the intention of proceeding to Teslin lake. He is well known
to everyone who has visited East Koote-
pay as one of the best navigators of the
Columbia river in connection with the
steamer line running from Jennings.
Captain Armstrong, who has some associates with him in the enterprise, now
pitends building a steamer on Teslin
lake to run to Dawson City in connection
with the trail from Telegraph creek to
Teslin lake. Ha is staying at the Driard
and is accompanied by Mrs. Armstrong.
���The Colonist.
Arrangements for tbe annual Christ
uj��s treat for the children of Golden are
now nearly completed. The treat will
be refreshments, entertainments and
gilts. Wo have received a letter through
St. Nicholas post office that Father
Christmas is on his way to Golden,
bringing good cheer for young and old and
lots of gilts for his young friends. If he
cannot tie preBent, at the treatbe is going
Tho construction of the Crow's Nest
Pass line is proceeding apace and it is
possible that the 330 miles of line will be
finished in the shortest time on record.
It is not quite known where it will strike
Kootenay lake nor when it will reacli
Nelson, as the work along the west shore
of tho lake is said to be extremely heavy
hut communication between its terminus on the lake and Nelson will be made
by means of huge barges carryiny whole
trains. The line known as the Bcdliug-
tou and Nelson is also a live issue and
construction will bo shortly commenced.
This will connect the Great Northern at
Bonner's Ferry with the lake and communication with Nelson and Kalso will
as in the caBe of the Crow's Nest Pass
line, be made by barges.���The Spokane
Iti He volunteer corps are to bo organized in Southern British Columbia and
are to form a portion of tlie active
military forces of the Dominion. There
is now a great mixed mining population
of various nationalities in Southern
British Columbia, and should any law
lessness break out the civil authorities
might be powerless to cope with it for
some time and not before there were loss
to life and property, they having no
proper force to draw upon to suppress
such outbreaks. Volunteers would lie
available to assist the civil authorities.
The corps will lie formed throughout
West Kootenay at Sandon, Nelson nnd
Rossland and will be uniformed with
felt hat, jacket, breeches and gaiters and
armed witli the I,ee-Enfield rifle. East
Kootenay should be a good reserve to
draw upon. We have many capable and
loyal men here and we hope soon to see
a corps at Donald, Golden and Fort
Steele. These, besides adding to the
defences of our country, aro a source of
security that law and order can not lie
violated by mixed crowds to any great
extent with impunity.   So
ltifl-*rai.n! Riflemen! form;
Be ready, be steady, to meet the storm.
Klondike is the most remarkable camp
and Yukon is the most wonderful country on the face of the globe. The real
greatness of the district has not yet been
realized by the outside world. Comparatively speaking, whore thousands have
been taken out, millions will yet be
found. The placer district about Dawson and the adjacent valleys are one
great golden treasure house of frozen
placer dirt only waiting timo and the
energies of the miner to take the wealth
from the ground. There are acres
and acres of fortune paying dirt
into which pick and shovel havo never
been stuck, and the farther the last two
seasons progressed the more astonished
and awed ono becomes at the wonderful
results that were uncovered.
Summer is the best lime of the year to
go in but the trip can be easily made in
the winter, in fact, a man who intends
to be in in time to beat next summer's
rush should go in this winter. Nothing
could have been more misrepresented
than the winters of that section. The
most biting weather of the whole season
is when the cold first comes and before
the dampness is frozen. After that al*
though the thermometer may be far
below zero the air is dry and this is the
best timo to work. Prospectors who
have been in this region when the temperature was 52 degrees below zero have
never worn fur overcoats. A mackinaw
being all that is needed. Inch-thick
underclothing for the Klondike is absurd
The man who dons these garments will
simply smother.
The Yukon is essentially a dog and
sledge country. With one good dog (100
pounds of freight and provisions on the
level and the downgrades can be hauled.
The best breed of dogs is a cross between
a bulldog and a Newfoundland or a bulldog and a St. Bernard. All of the
smaller streams freeze solid in the winter, and the lakes also freeze to a depth
of several feet, affording splendid facilities for sledge sailing. All that ie required is to utilise your tent for a sail
and rig the same on to tho sledge.
Once a miner is in the country and
has bis cabin built he lives in clover.
These cabins are interesting to the new
comer. They are built of rough lioards
or logs and the chinks are filled with
moss. Over this mass water is thrown
and allowed to freeze until the habitation takes much tlie appearance of a
huge icicle. The great trouble is the
buildings are too warm, they being much
like a hermetically sealed, air-tight
fruit jar.
When spring arrives it is the real time
when the danger of fever occurs in the
country. The season opens with a rush,
the warmth coming almost in a night,
and huge, damp vapours arise in consequence. Dawson city is no place for a
considerable number of people, owing to
the fact that It is situated in a low,
marshy place, where the Klondike river
joins tiie Yukon and will always be more
or less malarious. The first warm
weather, following the four months of
ext-r-mc, dry cold, comes about the
middle of May, and the break-up in the
A beautiful display of   .^e^
Lacquered   cabinets,  Brackets,  Trays,
Gloves and Handkerchief boxes, Vases,
Jardinieres, Flower Pots, Tea Pots, Tea
Sets, Cups and Saucers, Mantle Drapes,
Table covers, Jute Rugs.
Steam Engines, Magic Lanterns, Noahs
Arks and Flying Birds, Rag Dolls, Kid
Dolls, Rubber Dolls, and   Dolls with
Rheumatic Joints,   Trains,   Trumpets.
Rattles, Chimes, Drums, Tops, &c, &c
Suitable for young and old. Ladies and Gentlemen's articles of toilet, beautiful Albums,
handsome Bijou Cases, magnificent Silver
Plate, choicest Perfumery.
Dolls, Toys and
and variety.
Picture Books in every form
Do you wish to Obtain Silverware Free
then try Warren's Coupon System. Every cash
purchaser obtains a coupon, value 10 per cent.
of the cash purchase, and these coupons will be
exchanged for Silverwaro of the full value of
the coupons.
Come, See and Buy at
Charles A. Warren's
(3-old.eri, S.C
Seneral Tlferchant
smaller rivers freezing solid during the
Another feature of the country that
attracts the attention of the new comer
is the immense quantity of game including cariboo, moose, fish, wild geeso and
ducks. This is the greatest hatching
ground in tlio world for these wild birds.
Fish are abundant. The fish seek the
larger body of water in the Yukon, and
by simply cutting a hole in the ice, salmon-trout, salmon and dog salmon can
be caught as fast as they can be taken
out; and each summer large quantities
of geese and other wild meats are cured
oy the natives and the old settlers. The
miners there may be on short commons.
They may run short on groceries and
bread but there is no necessity for starving to death.
Tiiere are also hot springs in the
Yukon. Some twenty miles from Daw-
sou is a bodv of water which is one of
nature's most remarkable creations. It
is probably fed by underground warm
springs and as a result the water keeps
at a tepid temperature even in the coldest weather, The lake is probably two
miles long by a mile in width. For
years the waters of this remarkable
reservoir have been renowned among
the natives for its medicinal properties,
and it has probably been known to the
aboriginies for ages, that they aro beneficial to rheumatic patients. It has recently been learned that they also contain properties particularly alleviating
to people Buffering from lung troubles.
The Yukon climate, who knows, may
yet he found beneficial for consumptive
people. The cure is now entirely-changed,
cold, dry air���tho colder and drier the
The best stopping place for freighters in
Columbia Valley is at
Tom Martin's Hotel
Good accommodation & Moderate Terms
First class Feed Stables.
Confectionery and
Meals at all hours in first class
style, A choice lot of Jams,
Jellies, Cigarettes and Cigars
always in stock.
Pony For Sale
^Mnrhisr*d7pity,''Santa' Clauirwho' rivers does hot occur until June, the
For sale-Mr.  Goo.  Woodley's little
sore! pony " Barney," also new saddle
and bridle.
For particulars apply to
Columbia House,
Golden, B.C.
Gold . . .
Mines  . .
Development Co.
New York,  Chicago,
Spokane, Wash.
CAPITAL 8TOCK ���10,000,000.00.
Buy and Sell Mining Properties.
Furnish Money for Development
The 0-old.en. dc Fort Stoel��
. Limited Liability.
Authorized Capital Stock
750,000 SHARES at the
Treasury Stock      m
5oo,ooo   SHARES.
This is a purely local Mining Company, formed for th*
purpose of acquiring and developing properties in East
Kootenay, the richest part in British Columbia.
The management of the Company is in the hands of capable men who are right on the spot and are therefore abl*
to secure on behalf of the Company tho best propeitie*
Pres.iTnos. McNaught, Esq., Financial Agent, Fort Steel*.
Vice-Pres,: M. Carlin, Mgr. Columbia River Lumber co.
Treasurer: Alex. McQueen, Esq., Manager Bell Telephone
Company, Calgary.
Secretary: Geo. S. McCabter, Golden.
Directors: Alex. Lawson, Berrymead Priory, Acton, London.
Alex. Allan, of A. Allan & co., merchants, calgary.
S. Barber, Secy. Golden Lumber co., Golden.
H. G. Parson, general merchant, Golden.
There are no salaried officials in this Company. The promoters shares are pooled until the Company earns dividends.
The Company posesses interests in two of the most
promising mining properties in East Kootenay: Th*
" Tinbasket Claims " on Kinbasket Lake, in the Donald
Mining Division, and the Mercier Group at the head of
Bugaboo Creek in the Golden Mining Division. Th*
Company has these properties under development and on
the latter property have several tons of high grade or*
ready for shipment.
The company will also acquire and develop and sell properties and handle others on behalf of prospectors and investors.
The first block of 60,000 Treasury Shares has been sold.
A second block of 50,000 will shortly be issued at 50 Cento
per share.
For forms of prospectus, application for stock, and full
information apply to any of the directors or to
Brokers Calgary. Secretary, Golden.
Bankers: Bank of Montreal, Calgary.
The Dcit Beer In Cunada Is mtde by the
Calgary Brewing &
Malting Co., Lt'd.
Mamtf not nre w of Boer, Ale andHodt W��tur
IiuiHt on Kettlnit Cklgitry Hew every time. They
all lime It. The Company's agent (or Kim
Kootenay li
II, G. PARSON, Golden, B.C.
We can-
Soil Yea?
��  �� ��
Our motto is :   Best Material
Perfect Fit   Latest Style
Reasonable Price.
��  ��  ��
J% C Uom,
Merchant T*t; o.t.


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