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East Kootenay Miner Dec 16, 1897

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Array V
Devoted to the Wining Interests and Development of the DisMet of EAST KOOTEflAY.
Vol. 1, No. 21.
Golden,  B.  C,  Thursday  December 16th,   1897.
$2.00 Per Year
A. P. PATRICK, P.L.S.
"%-���������-*%.
Address :-BOX 49 GOLDEN, It.C.
G. S. McCARTER,
NOTARY,  ETC.
Ai.KAN0i-.it Bloc*, Golden, 'B-Ci
ELLIS & GROGAN,
-%*������*��-%-
Fire, Life, Jteal Emaie, House Agents,.
Aut.tioneern aud I'uttloriirf Brokers
Fire AKtncics:
Queen, Lancashire, Union, Hartford.
Cnropesn Hteanuthtp Ticket Ofllee.
The rtim Life tm-turanee Company.
The Ontario Accident lumiraiK-e Co'y.
The Birheck Inventment and Loan Co.
CALGARY, ALTA.
E. L. Cummins, P.L.S.,
'        And Civil Engineer.
Foht StefIb, B.C.
Thos. McNaught,
Minlig Broker, Financial Agent, Cotv.yanccr
aud Notary Public
Pest ofllee addroi*.:
GOLDEN ��r FORT STEELE.
W. PELLEW HARVEY,
(F.C.S.)
Assay Offlees and
(.'lic.miciil ����l)hr��tory,
VANCOUVER,  B.C.
.    tEstabll.hed MM.').
F��r imnl rear, with V'iyiaa * Sons, Bwan-
.... tori I..-.1 representative for thorn.
Ear �� years -Manager (or tbe tsstycrs to tlio
Kl. Tluto l!,-��� London. " '���
Canadian representative o( tlie Ca*sel Hold
Extracting Co. L'td, Ulasgow (Cyanide process.)
H.B.-AU wort personally superintended. 0��ly
competent  men ' employe:.    No pupils /o
Mill,,   .
Jas. Henderson,
CONTRACTOR end BUILDER,'
Flea. Prepared. ��� ���'���>'���'!
Prompt mention given to orders.
A >iipplj.(eiiildinn Um. lor isle.
QpLDEN, B.Ci
The Golden
MEAT MARKET
* ���^.���j*****^--
Fresh .ad Salt Meats.
Fish and (lain, in season.
Healers In Cattle, Sheep and Horses,
Mall orders receive prompt attention.
HULL BROS. & CO.
Livery and
Feed Stables
Wood Saddle Horses and Rigs ol All Kinds Ior
Hire at Reasonable Rates.
Teaming ol All Kinds a Specialty.
Hamilton and Hkelton,
Golden, B.C.
@Golden(5)
TOjisoHiflii PMptis
Newly: Uefttted *i Refurnished.
Tlio liest ol the kind west of
Winnipeg.
Everything Complete
All Modern Conveniences.
J.  Lamontagne, Prop.
Undertaking!
& Embalming
* TelegraphordemoceivtiproraptftUent.ion
J. SMART,
CALQARY, AtTA. ���
The ppovidenee pur Go
Providence, R.I.
Good Time
Wanted
By STory roan will) hits a watch.
��� V. RliEXAJlBEH, ��
I'.lMt. Watch Inspector will he
at THE MINER OFFICE from.
Wednemlnv to Frldnv
each week. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Work can lie left at
McDKP.MOT'S STORK.
Ii. ft ML
WATCHMAKER
���*��.ancl<s��
-TKWEIXEK.
Wedding pgs .   .
ft^Sjieeialty.
Calgary, - Alberta.
wants all kinds of
raw furs, skins, j;in-
sene, senecu, etc.
Prices (or next sixty
davs are as follows':
Silver Fox	
..���15.00 to $150.00.
Bear     	
. $ 5.00 to �� S5.00.
..M-00 to %   9.00.
Martin .........
..�� 2.00 to ��   9.00.
Heaver(per pound)
. .*, 3.00 to $   3.00.
Wolf	
,.,' 1.66 to ��  2.00.
RedFox	
..fl.00 to r   2.00.
Mink	
..$'.75 to $   2.00.
Skunk	
...�� ,125 to *   1.00.
Gray Fox	
... .**   .00 to %     .75.
lint.:, 	
.. *   .20 to f     .25.
.Price list on all othor fnrs and skins
Inrnifhed. upon application. ' Full prices
guaranteed, careful selection, courteous
treatment, end immediate remittance on
all consignment*..
GEO; GfcARY,^
liivepy, peed ��$ .
Sale Stables,
FOHT STEELE, S.Ii. J^OGTEN^iT.
Pack Trains for minsmmpplied..
Freighting ol all kinds undertaken.
Our___-oS^
GHHISTJWRS
HAMPER
LISTS
aro very intcrpstint:. Send
un a post card and we will
mail one to von.
���*���%������������*.
Hudson's  Bay
Stores,
CALQARY,
ALTA.
Wong See,
Watchmaker,
Jeweller,
Optician und
Mecitaiilc'.
Watches cleaned, J.wcllccv mounted, Masses
mended anil (inns repaired. First class work
In every depurttn.-jt. A trial sollliltcd, so conn)
to
Wong See, Golden.
Tom Lee,
"lias the best restaurant in Gold-
��� .on.,   It i�� open, tit nil hourB.
Kvefy delicacy and fruit in its
' Season.     A iood selection of
* (Iliiheso LllTtlowr roots apply
*.���',. at once lor tne Choicest oro they
... go to
Tom Lee, Bakery, <��>
Meule t>.iy and Xight.
MINING  NEWS.
It is getting too cold for the wildcat
Klondike investment and mining companies.   They are beginning to fall.
It ie rumored that the dominion gov
ernment is to appoint a minister of mines
and that tho appointment is to be offered
to that amiable weaknoss���Mr. Hewitt
Bostock, M.P. We trust the rumor is
only a rumor.
By a recent judicial decision in British
Columbia it has been decided that no
matter where a mining company may lie
incorporated, or under what terms it
holds its charter, the transfer of its property in British Columbia is subject to
the laws of British Columbia.
The New lloldflelds of British Columbia Co. proposes to actively take up the
development of its several properties in
tbe Kootenay district, ami is, at present,
opening the Velvet mine, iu which thore
are several promising showings. It has
a new hoisting engine plant installed.
The Vukon -mining regulations are
being revised by a committee composed
of the Ministers of the Interior, Marine
and Justice. They have decided to
amend the royalty regulations by exempting a sum necessary for developing the claim for a year. They will also,
probably, abandon the alternate claim
reservation scheme, and instead make
the government reserve in blocks of ten
claims.
Mining operators should not' think
that a placer will be productive and profitable as soon as water is put oil the
ground. A p'acer must bn opened an 1
put in shape ...before it can produce profits, equally as well as a lode
mine, and putting water on it iB only
the first step in development. Usually
it requires one Season after water is on
the ground, In open a pla.-er so it will
rny .profilsi.;    .-
The second annual -inter-provincial
.conference of pining engineers will be
held during the first week, in February,,
in Montreal.' Twenty papers have already bseri promised, and of theso, two
coniejroui our own province. Professor
Carlyle, provincial mineralogist, on
"The Progress of Mining iu British
Colombia," and Superintendent It. A.
Hedlev of the Hill Mines smelter,
on " Western Smelting Practice." The
conference is under the auspices of the
Federated Canadian Mining Institute.
The outlook for cheaper coal and coke
in the Kast and West Kootenay districts
is very promising; the reports from the
west are that work has lieen proceeded
with, so'actively on tho Crow's Nest Pass
railway, that it has beon graded to within 20 miles of Movie lake. Simultaneously, the Crow's Nest Pass Syndicate is
engaged in prospecting work with the
diamond drill outfit, which was ordered
through the James Cooper* Mfg. Co.,
Limited, and it is expected before the
completion of the railway to have opened
tho property to such an extent as to
supply the local demand at least.
The attention of prospectors and miners engaged in placer mining is called to
au important advertisement issued by
the provincial minister ol mines, as tu
the necessity of sending black or gray
sand found at the separation of gold
from the gravel, to the Provincial Mineralogist, Bureau of Mines, Victoria, to
bo ass.iyed. This sand has been considered worthless as only containing iron
but it appears two valuable metals-
platinum nnd iridium are frequently
passed over in the sand having much
the same appearance as iron. Should
any samples of sand be lent the name of
the creek and locality should accompany
them, '
Till! C.I'.K. AND EAST KUOTBNAY's  UtADINU
MINKS.
At a meeting of the trustees of the
Sullivan Group Mining Company last
week, held at the olllee of the Lo Roi, in
Spokane, it was reported upon reliable
information, that surveyors of the Canadian Pacific are running linos up Mark
Creok and the St. Mary's river, from the
main line of the Crow's Nest Pass road
to the North Star and Sullivan group
mines. Ollicials of the Canadian Pacific
have stated that this branch will be
built next year. Another discovery of
galena and carbonate ore was reported
on the Sullivan group, and the company
is figuring on lotting a contract lor fifty
foet more of shaft work. The company
ownf.three claims���the Hope, Hamlet
end Shylock, in the Fort Steele country.
The shareholders, who are largely composed of well-known l.o Roi men, including Senator Turner, Col. W. \V. I).
Turner, 'Colonel Kidratb, Major Arm
strong and Colonel 1. N. Peyton.���B.C.
Mining Critic.
PORT BTIIlll.lt MININO division.
Tho tunnel of the Dodoon Wild HorBe
is in 45 feet and the showing of ore is
fine. Preparations are now being made
to sink a shaft ou the Klondike, an adjoining claim. Messrs. Starbird and
Collett appear to have a rich property in
this group of claims.
Messrs. Amine and VanArsdalen havo
now driven In the tunnel on the Cornucopia 40 feet. The ore is rich looking
and abundant. It is iron sulphurettes
carrying getd, silver, copper and lead.
This will be valuable as an ingredient in
smelting the galena ores of the district.
Hon. Geo. E. Foster, on behalf of hie
company, has purchased two additional
claims iu the Dibble group, and now
owns nearly all the claims that surround
Dibble's original location. Next spring
a large force of men will be put on to do
development work.
A bond his been signed to Henry
Croft of Victoria for (20,000, cash at the
end of 110 days, whereby tho Wasa group
of claims on Wasa creek, owned by Wm.
Thompson, William Haupt, Peto Kosen-
dale and Kric Sundran, has been sold tu
that gentleman.
Mora About Klondike.
The London Daily Free Press has in
its columns, a  letter  from  an  expert
mining enpineer who was sent to the
Klondike last year to investigate and
report.   The letter is  addressed   to a
friend.   He.writes about Dawson City
as follows:      .
"A wore O'od*f**r.akon place you never .aw.
The town lies pn o tlat oil the east side ol the
river, immcdlau*!*. back ol which arc- hills
about five  h.ndnd let-l hicii.   The river is
abont threc-olpUths ol a mile wide, and Is, I
should 'iidse,**ul.ti* deep.  The elevation above
soa level Is appro-dinalet*.' one thousand ten.
Where the town Is located must have been an
old moose swamp.   Durili-,* tho summer-time it
Is undoubtedly a regular quagmire. f    ���
"There ere fully five hundred loalers In
town, who won't work and expect to be led,
und there Is no Iood 10 ter-1 them with.  Tho
police won't arrest theiu, because the)' haven't
any Iood with which 10 feed them.  Everything
Is Irozen except tile whiskey, and there seems
to be an unlimited supply ol thut article at .jO
cents allrink.'or S10 per bottle,   (.'h-iuipague is
I3(*> per bottle, and I suppose other beverages
are at corresponding figure;.;
" What In the world these people are going to
do belore  the - season  Is over I cannot say
Every butldldg on the oisiu street Is either a
.aluc-n with a Rsntbli go itltor adaneo house.
Th.re are only two st*...... which belong to the
companies, respectively the Alaska Commercial
eompanj and the North American Transportation and Trading company. They close at live
o'clock, because they have no candles or oil to
burn. There if absolutely no place to go to.
There will be no mure steamers here until uext
July.
��� ,..(Tb�� people ar. still coming In over the trail
without provision*. Th. police hero art driving
everyone down the river ns he aralves, und tho
companies will assist In pushing out ol town
all person, who are not supplied with food.
"Th. conlltlon ol affairs Is very'nreearkmi
here. Thero i.i a possibility- of thero being
bloo.lshud on account of the stirvii*,* popula.
Hon. Tie stores sell nothing, and arc only
pnrtlally filling orders to tho Irtst of their
attlity.  I do nut dure to move until 1 sin first
settled. Caches,.where individual supplies arc
kept, are being nl-ihtly robbed* and |Moplit are
on the qui vivo. In. several Instances thieve*
have been detected and shot, and 1 do not daril
to leave this plae. without someone lu ll. for
to Ion our supplies at Hits stage ��t affairs in
Dawson would simply moan���Death. Money
won't buy food, au.l lh* asluil staple of life-
flour��� Is unobtainable."
"The New Unionism In Canada,"
���' Extraordinary Davalopmants."
Tlie following letter���headlines and
all���appeared in the London Daily
Graphic last month:
��� '".\ correspondent writ..: 'Th. apprehensions aroused by latter, recently received Irom
settler* who went out a few month, ago 10 the
���NorthweK Tarrliory ol Canada under special
concession, grattttd by the Dominion govern*
aunt have been. Intensified by au announce*
neat now officially made that these concessions
have Just been withdrawn. The concessions,
which applied exclusively to emigrants Irom
Scotland and Wales, consisted of free grants of
land, a guarantee ol remunerative employment
ou th. (Irow's Nest puss branch ol the Canadian
Pacific railway (Intended to etioLle poor emi.
grant* not only to maintain themselves ut first,
but to provide, mean. Ior stocklug their new
farm, next year), aud an arrangement which
otivtated tlio tiecesllty for the present payment
of the railway lare lor the long Journey Irom
Montreal to their destination. Under this offer,
utedo In July Uttt, some hundreds ol Scotch
and Welsh emigrants went out to Canada, and
a.till larger number were preparing 10 go out
next spring under further concessions tniide
less than a mouth ago. The sudden volte-face
ol the Dominion government tills week is
supposed to lie due to tho Influence of the
labor section in En-tern Canada- who, having
made an ineffectual protest in July against tbe
importation of " foreign" labor, have now
proved too strong for the minister of the
Interior. This.necessarily puts a stop tothe
attempt 10 tstabllsh a Scotch and 0 Welsh
colony at tho Icotol the l'.oety mountains.'"
EAST   KOOTENAY.
ITS  MINERAL  WELLS AND MEDICINAL  SPRINGS.
Description  of Toby   Craak Soda
Springs.
ARTICLE III,
Toby Creek soda springs arc in Windermere Mining Division, and arc situated up tho creek of that same. They
aro ou the north fork of the creek abont
a mile up. ThiB north fork runs from
the north and empties into the north
side of the creok, about twenty-three
miles from the Columbia river. These
springs come froni an immense ledge
which runs north and south and crosses
the north fork from the west sido to the
east side. ThiB ledge is spar or white
quartx. There is a trillo of silicious
rock in it. It comes out from the base
of the mountains which are close to tho
west aide of the north fork. The springs
are pretty numerous and extend for fully
half a milo along thiB ledge on tbe west
side of the tributary. Thoy also exist
on the cast side on the same ledge but are
neither so numerous nor active About
twenty springs have been located and
many of them are quile close to the
stream. Others are right at the baso of
the mountain.
The springs are cold water. Sndiutn
or potassium appeaiB to be ono of the
chief ingredients. No analysis has yet
been obtained of the water or of Uie rock
forming the ledge whioh is fully forty
feet wide. Tbe taste of the w ater of all
the Bprings appears uniform, but some
of the springs are more powerful than
the others in their action. When the
water is taken from tbe springs it bubbles and sparkles like carbonated or
aerated waters, and.', tastes as if it were
the moat magnificent soda water that
could be manufactured. When bottled
and kept for some time, it looses its activity and is a still water, but neither
weter nor taste nppears to deteriorate.
Tho action of tho water must b�� pretty
strong as prospectors and miners utsc it
for making their bread and omplov
neither yeast nor soda, the bread rising
freely.
Near the south end of the ledge there
16 a peculiar formation made by a scries
of small spring)!, which rise up in the
form of a fountain, and the action of this
water upon the ledge has formed a natural basiu of about thirty-three feet in
diameter and about three ioet deep.
This fountain has the reputation of
being poisonous as birds who drink of it
are reported to die, the remains of several having been found near it. All tbu
other springs are drinkable aud are us.-d
by miners and hunters when catnped
there botli for cooking and drinking purposes.
Tlie action of the springs upon the
ledge at its extreme south end has formed a bench or plateau of about 40 or 60
acres in extent, Ihe soil preBentins; the
appearance of red, oxidised decomposed
matter, but it is very favorable to the
growth of vegetation. Along the lino of
the ledge are vast bodies of red oxidised
cement, and decomposed cement formed
by the action of Ihe water upon the rock.
It is impossible to say how long this process of formation has been going on.
possibly for ages. This cement hss no
effect upon the vegetation :ib largo trees
are growing out of It.
The springs am a favorite resort of
animals who come long distances to
drink the waters. Goats, caribou, deer,
and brown, black, silver-tip, einainoo and
grir.zley bears. Their trails arc like cattle trails. The neighborhood of the upper
waters of Toby creek is a tlnu hunting
ground.
A good trail lends from the Columbia
river right up Toby creek and then another trail passes alongside to several
mineral claim's which are situated at the
upper end of the north fork. The country on the other sido 01 the creek oppo-
site tlie mountain is line, bench land and
well wooded.
Tlie springs have been recently acquired hy 11 syndicate of four of whom Tims.
McNaught ol the Halcyon Hot Springs,
Arrow Lake; G. S. McCarter, barrister,
Goldon; F.dgar Stoddart and O. A*
llrown, Windermere, are the members.
Analysis is being obtained of the water*,
nnd assays of tbe rock, so that the syndicate may have accurate knowledge of
tho bature uf the pvopotitiw that csu ��� in
I ihe water and the rock. The springs
! have already acquired a reputation for
I the healing of certain ailments, particularly rheumatic alllictions. It is thu
intention of tho syndicate to develope
their property and make it attractive
for those who principally resort to it,
and aleo as a convenience for minors an.I
prospectors. A stop place of a temporary
nature will be erected next year suitable
[or this purpose. A balh shelter wilt also bo
made, so thai those who dcsjre to wash
in the waters may havo a suitable place
(or this cleansing operation, It is the
proposes of the syndicate to put in a
small bottling plant, so that the waters
can be placed on the market either art
an aerated water or us a still water. It
is anticipated that there will be a great
demand for these natural waters, and
Thk Minks wishes the syndicate every
success iu its enterprise.
Crow's Nest Pass Railway.
The steamer Nelson is now making
regulus trips to the Landing, Goat river,
carrying large quantities of supplies for
the road. Ou her last ttip (Monday)
she bad on board a car load of powder.
Work 611 the road lias hardly started iu
earneat yet, but several small contractors
are busy building camps preparatory to
commencing work. Welch is the odK-
one who has a good winter camp, and ia
five miles from the Landing by wagon
rood. This road ia nearly finished to
Moyie Lake���distant 7(1 miles���there
being .about 12 to 15 miles to construct.
Dave McBeath has charge oh the works
and is camped about tiO miles from the
Lauding. He is at present laid up with
gout and confined to his cabin. There
are about :*!00 men at Ids camp, and they
expect to have tlio road completed lo
Moyie Lake in about a week. Brewster
has eight milea clearing right of way.
His camp is about two miles beyond
Welch's, and eoneists oi two tents. He
has a crew of seven men. Mcl*ary litti
live milea beyond Brewster and Murphy
I has five further on. No one can gel mor.i
j titan five miles at a time. The laborer!
i received .1.50 per day. out of which in
i deducted $4.60 per week for board. 50
cents a month hospital fees and 50 ccuU
a month mail. There is considerable
rock work to do ond unless the various
sub-contractors get a move on thetu.it
will be a matter of surprise if (lie rails
reach the Landing 111 12 weeks irom
now. O'Neill and Cowan havo been
awarded the contract for driving a 800
foot tunnel at Moyie Lake. They am
now ou the road with their outfit and
will commence operations in a few days.
��� Nelson Economist.
Kootenay vs. Klondike.
To the man who wishes ti invest his
capital where it will be >afe and sure 10
yield good returns, Kootenay comes in
for first consideration, and ns ngltinst the
country   to tho north   Kootenay   offers
'every inducement to the  conservative
; investor.    The north is attractive and it
i is hard to resist   tbe blandishments of
, yellow gold, but tbere is so much of uncertainty about it all, s;i ninny risks not
j atone of failure but of life and health
I thas even tlio shimmer wilt not tempt
j tlie careful man.     Notwithstanding the
booming  of Klondike  we anticipate a
j considerable   movement  of   capital   to
i Kootenav with Ihe opening of spring.
j Next year's investing operations will bo
���011 a far more  healthy  and iegltlmatn
basis than ever before, largely from the
diet that the tin-horn capitalist, money-
i less speculator and " wild caller" have
��� gone or are going to Klondike and iu
\ their places will com.' the solid men who
wish to plant thti, ."oney in healthy
soil where it may ltow end produce tlie
applesof interest, free from the primings
and clubbings of sharks and stock-
jobbers.
I Kootenay is safe, no one can dispute
'��� that, though she is not quite so swift ss
her yellow neighbor up north, but she is
; more than likely to prove tlie tortoise*
! and tin*  Klondike tbe hare of the fable.
!'��� Kootenay was Kootenay when Yukon WSS'a
Anil Kootonay will be Kouteuay still,   [pn*>
When Yukon's busted up."
��� - The Kootenaniau.
1 Captain Armstrong arrived this week
\ in Gulden from tbe coast, The Stickine
j river is nut yet fully frown up to permit
I of Inland travelling over to Teslin lake.
I 'the captain, however, perfected many 11
' bis arrangements. Tlie capacity of the
; boat which will traverse the lake and
j river will bo 120 tons. Must of thu
: machinery will be Clyde-built (in 'Scot-
i land) and will be taken in in pieces and
; fitted together at the lake. The .traffic,
j human aud otherwise, will be ���nnrmuim
! when the spring >}>.�� i:'. and tlie l>..at��'
1 ore ayiin*}. ,      .     . Maiaea
V
Vhe 9%n
mer.
���%.t����-**k*
A Weekly Jouraal, publish
When tlwir pages wero crowded with
milling advertisements and a lot el jawbone miners were picking the pockets of
the eastern public with delusive write-] beyond up
ups and peddlers were haw king  round | the next
The line into West Port will be very ] LICENCE
easy of construction, no rock or heavy
earth work being encountered.  The line
the St. Mary's river will lie
iirk of location to he under*
AUTHORISING   AN   EXTRA-PRO.
VINCIAI.   COMPANY TO CARRY
on nratNias.
id the 1-jlcrcsl of the
making closest uonneelloa
luail routes.
ed ererv Thursday
Kootenay District
with 1.11 iraiu*. and
By mail or carrier.
no protest to raise againet this mode of
cluing business, whicli they must have
! known could only have one dire result.
On the contrary, these journals talked
about their great service to the mining
industry. Their services to the mining
industry are soon told. Thoy wero reaping a harvest and swelling their own
dividends in tho big and numerous
advertisements they got of companies
I which they must have known were
' worthless, and of schemes which on
| their faee bore the imprint of tho wild-
! cut. They made no effort to protect the
I public or expose those worthless com*
.,^^;;?"!oj"o;inur^^nh^S j panics and sham schemes. They allowed,
^t%oh.'ifn"ti.��e m.x':r '.;;r *:;*""SSfSfi ����"*dUI ,,o< ��8si"t' iw-��'����-����v
Iju!u ti.if uuinu oi vrriu-r n.iwt aucomnauy thu-j mvitv in fiiket*- u gruat deal OI money that
K':;':^r,.r:;icouS'iai,b'rr VulHrt,l0�� If properly used would have served to
���,     ,. ��� .develop  the   mining   industry,   return
Correspondence with reference to any matter, r n ���'
that hat appeared In another paper must n.-st; dividends to its sorrowing losers   and
b. oKorOit to that pitpur ior publication belore |
tl can appear 111 " Tux MINSK"
Sl*BSi:ltlITION RATES
f-'.uu per yeur lu advance.
ADVBHI'ISISU RATEB : Display ads. B.50 per
ooiuiuii inch1, K.00 per column inch when m-
aerted on the Mile page ; l**K*il ads. 10 cents per
( nonpareil! Hue (or first insurtlotl, 0 cents per
line lor each additional insertion ; readmit
ttcti.-cs 15dents per tine each Insertion.
C'lmii-fcs ol ads. must ue in office not later than
Wednesday.
llirth, miir;-iu-;e and  death  notices inserted '
Ice. |
JOB DEPARTMENT: Our Job Department
I. the best equipped printing olm*e in East
Kootonay iiii'l is proparud to <1<> neat, artistic.
printing ata reasonable prion, one i>.*.ee to all.
Wail orders receive prompt attention.
stock of dubious mines among a contid-  taken.     Not unlikely the crossing will
ing public, they were silent; tluiy had i be made at the high bluff about a mile
and a half from the city. The route up
tbe St. Mary's river, after the flat is
crossed, will afford very easy gradients
and comparatively light work of construction.���Prospector.
Address all communications
THE EAST KOOTENAY PUB. CO.
ti(.](!< 0, 1(. C
THUKSIMY, DEC. 10, lkW.
advance the general prosperity uf the
country.
The Valuation ot Mining Property.
The value of u mining property cuu-
eielsuf two elements: First, Its apparent
value, ui' that whicli.resulls Irom ore "iu
tight,', less tlie cost of extraotion.jSecoml
Its prospective value, whicli represents
that whicli may exist beyond what is in
sight. The former is capable of.-Jmore or
less accurate determination; tlie hitter
is obviously uncertain, but upon it the
Hxim: uf the prico ot a milling
property for tale chiefly depends since it
is clear that a mine is always worth the
nut value of the ure which is really iu
eight,
It is necessary to use tliis qualification
-���really iu sight," because the expression Isoftuu employed improperly. Ore
is nut really "ill Bight," unless it is
blocked out in tlie piano uf the vein into
patches of moderate eite. Ii tint valuta
thick, eithor cuts ur crosscuts are also
necessary in order to show its third dimension. Tlie size of the blocks which
it muy be reasonably safe to estimate as
in sight is guverned.by various conditions ] We have offered and the championship
THE DAWSON D1CCER.
Some Breezy Paragraphs.
r
The following news items und ediloria;
notes are culled from our contemporary
the Dawson Digger:
Tlie blood-sucking vampire that edits
the Klondike News has placed himself
oil record as flu enemy of tbe sacred
cause of charity and is: endeavoring to
breed dissension among the poker players
who have entered iu out* freeze-out
tournament iu the hope Unit he will
thereby avert the success whicli must
inevitably crown our untiring efforts.
What if our four players did enter the
first contest with if 100 each and the kitty
get $365 of it before the last man was
frozen out? Does the fact thut the contest was a protracted one render our
Intentions less charitable'.' Does that
asinine mudslinger not know that alt of
the proceeds of tlie tournament (after
the payment of expenses, which are
merely nominal) go to charity? If not,
it is high time thut lie found out. Our
poker players are not mercenary speculators or avaricious confidence operators.
Whet do they care for gain? Thoy are
playing for the handsome prize which
chief uf which are tlie regularity of the
vein and the grade of its ore. If we imagine ti vein uf such thickness that the
entire breast of ore is exposed in tlie
shaft, drift ur other opening, at least
three sides uf a rectangle must be shown
ho permit its entire area to be calculated
as really in sight. Two adjoining sides
will give only a triangular patch, and ou
an exposure of only one side no ore
wluilever may be calculated as in sight.
Tlie presumption may be strong that the
ore extends beyond the vision, und in
of the Northwest, Does our contemporaneous imbecile think for a minute
that they are to be influenced against
tliis great cause for it few paltry dollars?
We have already rendered the financial
statement of the first contest, which
demonstrates that our tournament is
going to be a great success and wilt net
a large Bum for charity. It is as follows:
Cash receipts from kitty, (3(15. Disbursements-To Bill Davidson for rent,
use of cards, tables and pokei chips, $50;
advertising  and printing done by us.
this case the prospective value of tlie $150; to Bill for services as member of
the tournament committee, $30; tons,
ditto, $30; balance to charity, $5. Is
that not u showing to he proud of?
Last week Job Spanner and Charlie
Trot got into an argument at Jack Gill's
saloon, dance house and fumily resort
(Jack is one of our best advertisers)
over the division of a pot for which they
urine will be inllueuced by the showing
but. on the other hand, it may not.
'J here have been instances where adrift
witli no openings above or below it, has
shown a strong face of ore in rouf and
floor fui* a considerable distance, while
subsequent stuping has demonstrated
that it was a thin, elongated ore body,
lying horizontally, through which the I had niggered down to a deuce. In the
drift had passed like tlie lead in a pencil. I heat of the discussion Job ripped Charlie
lucxpe ienced prospectors and mine i up the hack with a bowie knife. Dr. Jo.
owners sometimes make serious mistakes Butts sowed up the wound with a horse
concerning the nctual market value of hair, because he hud no wax ends, and
their ore, and these mistakes occasion- yesterday when he ripped the stitches
ally lead lo the development of property i Charlie looked as if lie had just had his
from which they are never able to ux- j mane reached. He wants it understood
tract a pound of shipping ore. There is I that he is no hog if lie has got bristles
it vast difference between the assay on his back
value and the product value of ore, as j There was a delightful little reception
every producer well knows, but whicli j given at Toot Ogle's cabin, in Skookum
occasionally owners of prospects do not gulch, last Tuesday evening iu honor of
A certain per cent
allowed  for  loss   in
sceiu to realize,
mutt always be
treatment.
Tlie prospective value of a developed
mine may be said to depend solely upon
the gCologicu! conditions shown in thut
particular mine. The fact that certain
results were obtained in a similar mine
a thousand miles or a Hum.and feet
away should have vcrv little weight, although often it is given a good deal.
.Nevertheless ihe general geological features of the district are not to be overlooked. Iu any case, however, the
determination of the prospective value
of a mine islarguly a mutter of opinion���
und opinions are apt to be beyond the
truth. In the valuation of an undeveloped mine, a " prospect," its worth is
entirely prospective as is indicated by
the colloquial term descriptive of it.
How the Eastern Newspapers Have
Helped Out the Mining Industry.
A year ago the Toronto and other
eastern morning papers were ablaze with
���Dining activity in northwest Ontario and
llritisli Columbia. '��� ������
To-days tlie news columns of these
papers evince only thu most casual
interest in the mining activity of Canada
outside of the Yukon.
Tiiere is ten, aye twenty, times more
actual mining lieing done in Canada
than there Wus twelve months ago, hut
the reader would never think so if he
contrasted the apathy of these morning
papers to-day with their conspicuous
interest in tlie industry a year ago.
Theso morning papers would not have
criticized, and criticized favorably, if
f bey had not insisted upon being regarded as true patriots. Their patriotism
-A*im of the Johnetonian type,
Toot's 35th birthday: The Circle City
string band and orchestra consisting oi
Newt Cleveland, violinist, and Lee Taylor, accordion accompanist, tilled the air
witli sweet melodies, while Ihe guests
enjoyed themselves at poker and crops.
" COXl-ANIBS ACT, 1897,"
Reported " Reports."
It is reported that the Crows Nest
Railway station at Wardner has been
located on railway land about one-hull
mile nbove the present location of that
town.���Fort Steele Prospector.
It is also reported that the Crows Nest
railway will bo built into Fort Steel.
Both of these reports originated in the
Prospector ullice, and both are without
foundation. As the C.l'.It. owns liulf
tlie townsite of Wardner, and has no interest whatever in Fort Steele, Hie cause
for these "reports" is easily found.
Suffice it to say when you get off the
train at Wardner, you will be right in
town, lint when you get off the train for
Fort Steele it will be necessary to secure
a team to complete your journey. Hence
tlie tears in the oiliee of our esteemed
contemporary at the mouth of the St.
Mary's river.- Tho International.
Hudson's Bay Co.'s Preparations tor
The Klondike Rush.
Mr. C. (.'. Cbipman, the Hudson Buy
Company's commissioner, who is in Toronto stated to the representative of the
Mail and Empire that tbe rush to the
Klondike gold fields had resulted in an
increase of business all along the line.
If a party went by Calgary and Edmonton or by Vancouver and Fort Wrangel,
Skagwny, or Chilcoot, the Hudson's Bay
Company's long experience in the supplying and packing of inland outfits
made it an easy matter to the company
to deal with the question. The expected rush to Dawson in the spring via the
Fort Wrangel, Stickeen, and Teslin lake
route, would probably lead tothe establishment of new Hudson Bay posts at
Glenoia and Lake Teslin. Already the
company had a steamer plying on the
Stickeen river, which had been utilized
in carrying up supplies to the posts in
that part of the country, and more
steamers of the most approved and suitable kind will bo built by the company
to meet tlie demands of tile service. It
is altogether likely thut the company
will extend their posts into the heart of
the new mining region. This done in
connection with the establishment of
the Glenora and Lake Tesltn posts,
would give the company a "belt line"
of establishments around the new gold
region.
The best stopping place for freighters in
Columbia Valley is at
Tom Martin's Hotel
Windermere.
Good accomnioilatioh 4 Moderate Tories
First class Feed-Stables.
NOTICE.
(iVY.VKRSof Plarer Claims are invited to-send
*-' a few utilities of tilt; black oi' grey Hand, obtained in wishing thu* gravel (or goltJ, to " Tbe
Provincial Mineralogist, Bureau ul Milieu, Victor iti," mating tlm name of the creek from
whit:11 tht) sand \# liiki>n, mul its locality.
It Is believed that PLATINUM, and perhaps
IRIDICM, nre frci|iiently passed over and lost
hy the prospector, as they have much the appearance ot iron In the sand. These minerals
are ah valuable as gold, the latter mure no. und
If the placer claim owners will send the black
or grav sand aa aforesaid it will be assayed and
the result.* given to the owner.
JAMES BAKER,
dlfi-4t Minister of Mines.
CANADA! f
Province ok British Columbia, i
Ko.ll/B7.
THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the "Golden Brl-
* Ull Columbia, Limited," is authorised and
licensed to carry on bustuewi within the Province of British Columbia, and to earry out ��r
effect all or anv of the objects hereinafter net
forth to which tha legislative authority oi the
Legislature of ���rltf.sb Columbia extends.
The head office of the Company la situate nt
No. ii, Queen Street Place, city of London, hng-
l"--***'-'- ,   .   ���
The amount of the capital ot the Company is
��6.000; divided into ��lx thousand shares ot ��1
each. ,     , ,   ���
The head office of the Company in this Province is situate at Golden, una William Gilbert
Mhchell-Innc.-i, whose address Is (iolden, British Columbia, is the Attorney tor the Company.
The objects ior whicli the Company lias beeu
established and so licensed HN>t��� ,
[a.] To purchase, take on lease, or otherwise
acquire, mines, mining rights, mid motalllfer--
ous laud and uny Interest therein, und to explore, work, exercise, develop and turn lo
account the same: , ,
[b] To crush, win, get, quarry, smelt, calcine,
rellne, dress, amalgamate, iiiaiiipulale.purehase
mul prepare for market, ore. metal, and mineral substauces ot nil kinds, and to curry on,
either upon or in connection with the premises
or elsewhere, the business of miners, millers,
smelters, and workers of any processes in the
production, reduction and making merchant-
able, of mincraU.metals and metallic products,
supplies of water, merchants, And manufacturers, aud workers ol unv minerals, nu'tuls, aril-
elf,** and things usud in or in connection with
mining, milling, smelting, und other processes
aforesaid, or any of them:
[0] To search tot mines ami minerals nit her
on lund known to contain such minus ami minerals or olherwlsc, and to buy nnd sell, lease
or take up the rights of search or other miner*'
lights or Matin* under miy milling statutes or
regulations of any place where the Company
curries on operations, and uny other lights respecting the same:
[ill To acquire options, or enter into contracts
(or the purchase of any grunts, concession*,
leases or setts, euscments or Interests In lands,
waters, mtllsites, tu Wind toil, mines, minerals,
and other hereditaments, and uny plant, machinery, Implements, conveniences, provisions
aud things, and nny other property, real or
personal, movable or Immovable, for purposes
Incidental thereto or to any other objects of the
Cumpanv, or capable of being used iu connection with metallurgical operations or required
by workmen or others employed by the Company, aud to work, transfer, lot or sublet the
same:
[ei To acquire any Inventions, letters patent
or licenses, capable oi being used tor tlie purposes of tlie Company, or auy of them, aud to
work, transfer, let, or sublet the hiuiic:
f. To acquire and undertake the whole or any
part of tiie business, property and liabilities, 01
uny person or company carrying ou any business which this Company is authorised to carry
on; and to acquire and hold uny shares, stocks,
bonds, obligations, debentures, securities, negotiable or otherwise, of or other interests In
uny English, coloniul or other companies, associations or undertakings capable ot being managed or conducted so as directly or Indirectly
to benefit thu business 01 tlie Company; Also
to advance money on any such shares, stocks,
bonds, obligations! debentures, securities of or
other interest ln such companies, associations
or undertakings, and to accept such shares or
stocks, bonds, obligations, debentures or secur-
tlcs as partial or full security iur payments due
to the Company:
g. To acquire, construct or hire, or loin with
otners In acquiring, constructing ur hiring any
mills, canals, waterworks, machinery, roads,
bridges, tramways, railways, engines, plant,
stocks, buildings, wonts, matters or things
which may be necessary or convenient for the
purposes of the Company, or uny of them, and
to tue working of the same or any part thereof:
h. To improve, mauiigc, develop, lot underlet
or sell, or otherwise dispose uf, ciiurge or deal
with, in any manner whatsoever, the undertaking or any part or parts ot the property oi
the Company, ur any rights, way-leaves or
easements iu or over thu sumo, and to accept ui
payment therefor either cash or shares, or
partly cash aud partly shares, tn any other
company purchasing the same:
I. To establish aim maintain agencies of the
Company in any colony, dominiou, foreign
country or state, and to procure the Company
to be registered or incorporated in uny sucn
colonv, dominion, foreign country or state:
j. To amalgamate with any other lompany
having objects ultogether or in part similar to
the objects of this Company, uiul to enter into
partnership,' joint adventure, reciprocal concession or otherwise, with any company ur
person or tlrm engaged or about to engage In
auy business ur transaction which this Company ia authorized to engage iu, or capable of
ueing conducted so as directly or iuuliecily to
be netlt this Company:
k. To hold, In the namesbt others, any property which the Company is authorised to
acquire, aud to carry on or do any oi the
businesses and actsami things aforesaid, either
as principal or agent, uud eitner by the Agency.
oi or as agents or trustees for others:
1. To make, purchase, sell, accept or indorse
bills of exchange and other Instruments, negotiable ur otlierv,iM.vt.nl lo borrow money either
with or without security, and either upon in-
*uliable Instruments or otherwise, including
hie issue uf debentures charged upon all or any
of the Company's property (both present and
tut ore), including ns u nail led capital:
m. To promote and form other companies for
any ul the objects mentioned in una Mentoi-
uiiuitm:
n. To invest and deal with the moneys of the
Company not Immediately required upon such
securities and In such manner us irom time to
time be determined:
u. To distribute auy of the property of the
Company among (he members Iu specie:
p. To carry on business lu any part of the
world ami to do all sueh things as are Incidental or conducive tu the attainment of the above
objects. /
Given under my hand and seal of office at
Victoria, Province ot British Columbia, this
13th day oi October, one thousand eight hundred and uineiy-seven.
Golden Mer Co.,
Manufacturers of and rnnlrtrnln ���
Douglas Fir,   Spruce and (Velar Lumber,   Siding and Flooring,
Dimension Timber,   Cedar Shingles,   Fence Posts,
Telegraph,  Telephone  aud   Ele;'*ric
Light Pole*, Lath, Eto.
Contractors to the C.P.R. Ry.
The Golden Lumber Co.,
(Limited Liability)
S. BARBER,
8ECRETARY.
Kootenay # Hease,
[L.I.]
COURT OP REVISION.
NORTHERN DIVISION OF EAST KOOTENAY.'
A   COURT of Revision and Appeal under the
"Assessment Act, 1888," and amendments
will be held at the Court House, at Golden, on
1 Y. WOOTTON.
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
S. ADLER, Proprietor.
GOLDEN,     -     -     .
B.  C.
First-Class In every particular.   Convenient to Railway Depot and Steamboat Landing.
Rates Reasonable.   Free Sample Rooms.
The Tram Cur leaves Kootenay House, connecting with Steamer for ForfSteele every
Monday and Friday after arrival of train frum the wm.
Headquarters for Commercial
and Mining  Men.
TRAVELLERS-
For Home Comforts       e ���
Modern Conveniences   ��� ���
Best Cuisine in the West 0
Commodious Sample Rooms e
First-Class Brands of Liquors and Cigars
Go to the
Columbia jfeouse,
WM. McNEISH, Prop.
Headquarters for Mining Men.
RUSSELL HOUSE,
**-   Golden, B.C.
GEORGE   MEADE,   Prop.
-**fc.IIcadquurtern For***,
Miners,  Prospectors  and  Lumbermen.
trfVWV><
1898, both At eleven o'clock In tlie forenoon.
J. B. GRIFFITH,
Judge of the Court ol Itcrtlinn and Appeal,
(iolden, 7th Uec. 1M7. dlH-llt
NOTICE.
Mm!,lni<rht u hm-nte-mit rAiiflut nf Imlri.fl   Monday, the thlnl day oi January, 1S9K, and ftt
nildniitnt h rounieuiM repum 01 ihikui | _,,,���_���,,'Jn Tuc��day, the fourth day ol January,
Iil-uhh. dried mooae  incut mid cnidkera
true heartily partaken of. Afterward the
games of the evening were resumed and
copious libations of five-year-old whisky
were drunk.   Only one trifling incident
marred the pleasure of  the evening's
festivities,    .luck   Orcornn  and  Peter
I.undtierg went outside to settle some
little dilliculticH that had arisen between
them, and during the discussion Jack
fell into Toot's prospect hole and broke
both legs.   Fortunately Doc. Curtis was
in the gathering, nnd after theguests
windlassed Jake out of the bole he took
the kinks out of the sufferer's legs and
braced them up with clapboards.    Jake
will lie all right in a few weeks.
NOTICE.
Railway Communication   for  Port
Steele through West Port.
During the lust couple of weeks Kn-
glneor Burns amt Htnff, of the Crow's
Netrt Railway) have been at work .orating a line of railway into West Port to
connect with Fort Steele. Two lines
have been run, each of them bringing
the truck up to the west bank of tbe
Kootenay river near where the bridge
crosHen. The line will be nearly seven
miles long, umt the gradient only a trifle
over one per cent.
It is not improbable that the depot,
when decided upon, will be placed
within a hundred yards or bo of the
western end of the bridge. This location will afford a good site for wharves
on the river front.
VTOTICE IB HEREBY OIVBX that application
���!���" will be made to tlie Parliament 01 Canada
and to the Letffilaltre Amtemiily ol tlie Province
of Brit in!) Columbia at their retpeetlveieniiloiii
to incorporate a Company to construct a railway to be operated by steam or electricity from
a point at or near cranbrook, In Earn Kootenay,
British Columbia���the most northerly point on
tbe crow's Neat Railway,���thence running In a
northerly direction up the Kootenay Kiver to
Canal Flat; thence to the Columbia Lake and
in a northerly direction down the Columbia
River to the Canoe River; thence up the Canoe
River aud acroei the Portage to the headwater*
of the Eraser Kiver; thence down the Kroner
River to (iiiromi Portage; thence across the
Portage to Parsnip Kiver; thence down tho
ParanTp River to Tlndlay River, and up the
Findlay Kiver and across the divide to Frances
Lake, and thence to the Yukon, with power to
divert the route of the line no.thof Glncora*
Portage either by way of Dease Luke or an may
be found most suitable on further exploration,
with power to build and operate branch linen
not'exceeding sixty miles in length and all
necessary bridges and roads. Also, to construct
and operate telegraph and telephone lines for
the transroisbfon of message* for the public; to
build, acquire and operate steam and other
vessels and all necessary ferries, wharvea and
docks; to take and use water for generating
electricity, and to transmit and dispose of the
power therefrom for lighting, heating and
motive purposes; with power also to carry on
the business of a general trading company, of
an express company; also to own, manage and
leaae hotels, to acquire, to acquire timber
limits and operate saw mills, for the production
and aale of lumber, and to mine, explore and
develop mineral lands and to carry on a general
mining and ore smelting business, Including
the erection and operation ot smelters ami
concentrators.
OjlMMILL k MAY,
Solicitors for Applicant!.
patod at Ottawa (th November, IfftT.     Un-9t
itven mat application will
vz Islatlve Assembly of the
Province of British Columbia, at its next session, for a Private Bill to incorporate a Company to build, equip, maintain and operate a
line or lines of railway from a point at or near
Cranbrook, In Kast Kootenay, thence by the
most feasible route to the Bt. .Mary's Kiver;
thence tn a westerly direction to the headwaters ot St.Mnry's River: and also in an easterly and northerly direction from some point on
die said tinea branch line up the East Kootenay Valley to the neighbourhood of Horse
Thief and No. 2 creeks and the mincsln that
vicinity; with power to the said Company to
construct a line from the Bull River Group of
Mines, ln East Kootonay, to the most convenient point on the main line ot the
Crow's Nest Pass Hallway; and also
to authorize and empower the Company,
build, from time to time, branch lines lo
groups of mines and concentrators from any of
the three above-mentioned Hues of railways,
such branch lines not to exceed twenty (20)
miles lu l"iigth; with power to build telegraph
and telephone lines, and to equip and operate
the said railway and Its branches, and to erect
and maintain all neoensary works for the generation and trans miss inn of electricity or
power within the area of the operations of the
said Company; and power to ouild, maintain
and operate wharves, docks and steamboats,
saw-mills, und acquire water privileges to construct dams, flumes, etc., for improving and
increasing the water privileges, and to. make
trattle or other arrangements with railways,
steamboat or other companies, and for all other
usual and necessary powers, rights, or
privileges.
HOWELL, IKVINU A PUFF,
Solicitors for the Applicants.
Victoria, B.C., 2&th October, !St7. 4n ftt
ISates $1.00 ^er Da3r���
Board & Lodging $5 Pek Week.    First Class Bar.
A. Allan & Co.
Dry Goods, Carpets,
Gents' Furnishings,
Hats and Caps.
Mail Orders Eeceive Prompt Attention.
CALGARY, Alta.
East Kootenay
Supply Store,
WINDERMERE,   B.C.���sss��\
Groceries, Dry Goods & General Merchandise.   Mioen'
Supplies a Specialty.
Windermere Hotel,
'-m James A. Stoddart, Prop.
Choice Wines, Liquor* and Cigars.   Firit daft'accommodation.
WINDERMERE,   B.C.
APP1ICAT10N TO PARLIAMENT.
PUBLIC NOTICE Is hereby given that appll-
L cation will be made to the Parliament oi
Canada, at the next suhslou thereof, for an Act
changing the name of The Dominion Building
mid Loan Association to that of The Dominion
Permanent Loan Company.
Dated at Toron:o, this 17th day of Novomber,
A.D., 1807.
MACDONALD, BOLAND A THOMPSON,
2 Toronto Strcot, Toronto.
n25-0t Solicitors for Applicants.
East Kootenays
Mining Stock List.
Nam�� op CoMrANv.
CAPITAL.
TAK VALUI.
MM,, l-KICl.
The Gold Hilli C. 4 D. Co	
(2,000,000
(1.00
lh.
Kootenay, Cariboo M. 41. Co	
(2,600,000    -
.     (1.00
(1.00
(iolden 4 Fort Steele D. Co	
$  750,000
��� ��� (1.00    ���
(Oe.
,  500,000
(1.00
East Kootenny and Elk Kiver Development 4 Exploration Co	
t    75,000
(1.00
��c.
THOMAS McNAUGHT,
MIK1NO BROKER, GOLDEN; B.C.
^Tire   ZFzesla.   IDanag��   at  Du  3-X.   OA.UDE.R    A   Co'��.,  O-old-en, SOUTH   EAST   KOOTENAY.
Moyle City District���Its Great Mineral Wealth.
The Minim has much pleasure in
publishing the following letter from Mr.
1". A. O'Farrell, written from Moyie City,
which will be of vast interest to many of
our outside readers:
This city takes its name from a lovely
lake that stretches for about ten miles
iilong tfhe base of a ridge of mountains.
It is, <if course, only n city in embryo,
for its birth took place in the present
year of grace. The situation is a charming one on the shores of the lake, and it
looks ns if there were a prosperous future
in store for the infant city. At present
it is far beyond the confines of civilization, for it is fully u hundred miles from
railroad transportation, but next year
the Canadian l'aiitic road will wake the
echoes of these mountains and give
Moyie City connection with the commercial world. The Crow's Nest Pass
railroad will have almost revolutionary
effects on northwestern trade. It will
open up almost an umpire in extent and
nn empire ol almost boundless resources.
The coal deposits of the Crow's Nest
pass are probably unrivalled on the
globe in extent and value, uiul the lead,
diver and copper mines of East Kootenay bid fair to be phenomenal.
West Kootenay has now the richest,
lead and silver mines iu the world. The
Broken Hill lead and silver mines are
the biggest producers of lend and silver
now baing worked, but the Broken Hill
mines would be considered "wildcats"
in Kootenay, for the ore is so low grade
that it would bo worthless here. The
Payne mine pays (80,000 a month in
dividends aud the Reco (50,000. And
there are half-a-dozen other silver-lead
properties in Kootenay paying big dividends on small investments. But when
this new railroad rumbles and rushvs
through Kast Kootenay, the mines of
West Kootenay will be cast into the
ehade by two or throe now bcing^devel-
oped here.
Ono of these is the North Star. This
is a galena mine, und by many considered the biggest mine in Canada. It is
owned by Montreal parties, and when
railroad connection is made it will ship
more ore than all the silver-lead mines
in West Kootenay do at present.
Fifty miles to the south of the North
.Star and close to this new city is the St.
Eugene. 1 have grave doubts whether
the North star will hold its supremacy
long, after the St. Eugene has begun
operations. Ill fact, I urn assured by able
mining men that the St. Eugene is the
richest mine in Canada. It ie developed
Ity a series of shafts and tunnels, and
developed, too, in a manner that delights
n miner's heart, and above the lowest
tunnel, which can obtain but a depth of
500 feet at the extreme end, there are
<(0,000 tons of lead and silver ore. This
ore carries Irom 68 per cent, of load nnd
from 50 to 60 oz. of silver to the tori.
Were the mine in the United States,
each ton of this ore would be worth (100,
and alter paying freight und treatment
charges it would net (80 to the ton; tlfet
is, there is ore enough above No. 3
tunnel to net (4,800,000. But situated in
Canada, where there is practically no
lead market and where all galena ore has
to go to the United States, which exacts
si duty of (45 a ton on lead, the St.
Eugene can be safely depended on to net
(30 a ton on every ton of ore in sight.
This shows tlie St. Eugene has a prorlt
in sight of (1,800,000; and, of course, the
chances are all in favor of the mine being
far bigger and richer and more concentrated below the level of No. 3 tunnel
than it is above.
There is * strange story linked with
the discovery ot the St. Eugeno. James
Cronin, a keen, bright, intelligent Irishman, hid been mining in the far west for
twenty years. He easily held a place
among the very best as superintendent
or manager of mines. Whenever difficulties arose in minos or now mining
plants had to be put iu operation,
Cronin's services were always at a
premium, but during his twenty years
in the west he never could chance upon
a mine lor himself. Sometimes he would
spend a whole year in the mountains
prospecting, but his money would give
out and he would havo to go back to
work. In 1893 he was sent to examine
the North Star mine. Early in Juno he
started out from Fort Steelo mounted on
one of those undersized horses which go
by the name of a cayuse. The cayuse is
at home in the mountains and is an
animal of great endurance and strength,
but at times it ia meaner and more
treacherous than a Sicilian bandit. Once
in tho Oksnagan, while riding along a
mountain trail on the back 61 a cayuse,
the animal suddenly began to buck with
all the energy of one of Buffalo Bill's
bronchos, and he was soon rolling down
the mountain side as senseless as a log.
It so happened that he had secured nn
animal ol the bucking order, and he had
hardly left Fort Steele when the cayuse
became ugly. To add to its ill humor a
rain and hail storm came on, and Cranio
could not endure the hull storm and the
bucking cayuse at the same time, so he
returned to Fort Steele. Thst evening
he chanced ou a priest who had lived
among the Indians for a dozen years or
more, and that meeting wus the turn of
the tide ol Cronin's fortunes. Tho priest
told him that one ol the Catholic Indians
knew of a mine near the shores of Moyie
lake, and asked Cronin to examine aud
locate. Old miners are very skeptical of
prospepts and Indians, but Cronin, to
oblige tho priest, journeyed to Moyie
lake with the priest and the Indian.
Cronin's surprise and joy were unbounded when he exauied the vein and the
croppings; so he located two claims, the
Kl. Eugoue and the Petei. Cronin kept
a half-interest and the priest and the
Indian the other half. Later the priest
Bold his interest for money enough to
build a very handsome church, and tho
Indian also sold out. But Cronin is still
the principal owner in the St. Eugene,
and talks in the most kindly and forgiving way about the cayuse whose bucking
ways drovo him into one of fortune's
by-pntliB. j
Tho Dibble group, to the east of Fort
Steele, is another mining property that
is likely to become famous. The ore
found in the lowest workings runs over
(400 to the ton in gold and silver, and I
am satisfied that the North Star, St.
Eugene and the Dibble will rival the Lo |
Koi as big dividend payers. I do not
doubt but other mines equally rich will
he discovered and worked up iu East
Kootonay. Up Perry creek nre gold
quartz ledges of big promise, and in Wild
Horse creek are undoubtedly rich lodes.
Forty years ago the Wild Horse creek
placers were famous, aud its quartz
ledges will make it famous again. The
Crow's Nest Pass railroad will furnish
cheap coke and will enable smelters to
secure at a central point lead, coppor,
gold and silver ores. Tho best smelting
is done by mixing the different kinds ol
ore together. And the day must soon
come when the entire product of Kootenay and Yale will be treated on the
banks of the Kootenay or the Columbia.
This new railroad will force such a
consummation. It cannot be long postponed, for British Columbia must tako
its place among the great mining conn
tries of the world. There are Canadians
nnd Americans who doubt this, but then
they have not wandered as I have
through its various districts. I have
seen much of the great mining districts
of the globe, but the more 1 see of this
wondrous country, the closer I examine
its mines nnd the more I investigate its
resources, the more I believe that Britisli
Columbia is the greatest and richest
country ever given by God to the sons of
men.
EAST   KOOTENAY   IS   O.K.
So says T.'H. White, M.E., of Fort
Steele.
T. II. White, mining engineer, who
lins spent the last summer in South East
Kootenay, was in WardneJ on Tuesday,
the guest of Engineer ('. II. Garden
Mr. White is very favorably impressed
with the prospects of this territory and
looks forward to a busy Beason next year.
" Tliis is a now country," said Mr. White,
" and np to the present time there has
lieen virtually no development work,
The North Stftr nnd the St. Eugene are
already mines, but aside from these two
properties there have been no important
development. But there has lieen
enough work done throughout this
territory to give every encouragement
to proipectors. The indications point
strongly to a richly mineralized country,
and there is every reason to believe that
future development will show up many
good mines. South East Kootenay
stands in need of legitimate develop
ment. Prospects are not mines and will
not be until money ia expended in the
way of development; and that is where
the owner of a promising prospoct makes
a and mistake. He asks a price as a rule
that would fit a mine far better than a
prospect, and shows no inclination to
take any portion of the risk with the
purchaser. When the owner of a pros*
pect ceases to ask tho man who puts up
the money for the development to take
all the risk and shows that he has some
confideuce in hia property by assuming
his share of the risk, mining will
advance much more rapidly in this
aection to the advantage of everyone
concerned.
" Another unfortunate condition is the
mining regulations of this province that
permits a man to stake untold numbers
of claims and hold them for a year with
out work. Take, for instance, the Perry
creek district. Everything is staked out
there, and it will bo a year before the
claims are invalidated by failure to do
assessment work. This will prevent men
going in there next season who would
be ready to stake a claim that gave
promise and investigate its merits by
legitimate work. The laws should be
changed in this respect. It would be
far bettor if a prospector were compelled
to do a certain amount of work before he
could record a claim. This would make
each claim a legitimate one. The mining laws of the province need revision,
but it remains to be seen what will bo
done."**- Wardner International.
Tracklaylng on the Crow's Neat
Railway.
A special train is formed of open ears
loaded with sleepers or ties and rails.
An engine at the rear pushes the cars in
front of it. At the front end ol the train
is the track-layer. This is on ordinary
tint car. Running along its right hand
Bide ia a trough, in which are rollers.
This trough connects with a long trolley
arm, extending out some 20 feet or more
in front of the car, and built with an Incline toward the ground. This trough
extends tlie entire length of the right
hand side of the train, and the ties,
starting witli tho nenreast cars are carried through this trough to the trolley
nrm, at tho ond of which they aro deliver
ed to men who place them on the grade.
On the left hand aide of the track-laying
cur, extending its whole length, is another trolley or roller attachment, tho
one nearest to the front on au incline,
and along this the rails are carried,when
each rail is taken hold of by six men
and placed in position on the ties. It is
at once bolted on to the rail already in
place, the gauge bars set the rails nt a
proper gunge, and the rails are then
spiked to the ties. Tlie engineer then
gets the signal, when the train moves up
one rail length, and the same thing is
ropeated. It is all done in au incredibly
short apace of time, and when one re-,
members that something like seven
miles of track wero laid in one day on
the mail line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, one can imagine how expert
these trackmen become. Gangs of men
follow up the train, levelling up the
track and putting in the remaining holts
and spikes.
Ij. F. PUGITS
Kootenay
House,
WARDNER, B.C.
The most comfortable hotel in South
Enst Kootenay. Good Table. Good
Wines. Good Attendance. Terms
Moderate.
Wm.   Eschwig,   Prop.
J.   F.   PUGH,  TAILOR,
GOLDEN,  B.C.
KAST KOOTENAY OFFICIALS
Wardner______��__2_x
Transfer Co'y.
Wardner, S.E. Kootenuy.
-*%*���������%.
LIVERY 4 FEED STABLES.
PACK TRAINS SUPPLIED.
Canadian
Pacific Ry.
���-*%.���
"The
Klondike"
Whether the route to Klondike be via St. Michaels and
the Yukon, or via Dyea or
Wkaguay and the Ghilcat,
Chilcoot or White Passes or
via the Stickeen Hiver route,
which is the most likely, or
via the Edmonton, Ashcroft
and the different routes, the
Canadian Pacific Railway
will be the the best if not the
only route to travel by.
Full information will soon
be in the hands of all agents
of the Canadian Pacific Railway company, the company
are now making enquiries to
ascertain before advising the
public which will be the best
route to go in by. From information in its possession a
too early start does not necessarily mean first arrival at
the Klondike. Ample time
will bo allowed for all necessary arrangements.
If you are going East or to
the Old country this Fall,
write for a list of the rates to
bo in effect.
If you  are looking for a
SI ace   to spend  the winter,
apan & The Hawaiian
Islands are reached as easy
as other points and the expense is less than at other
resorts.
For full information and
particulars, apply to your
nearest agent or address*
Robert Kerr,
Traffic Manager,
Winnipeg, Man.
Milliliter ot Mlnun and Provincial HdlTOtttry���
lion, lol, Jr.lueit linker.
Provincial MinemloRUt���W. A. Curlylc.
Public Asmiyer���II. Carmichao).
,UOLD OOXMIHHIONKKH.
For the Province���W. fl. Gore Victoria
Mouth lJi'Lrict comprittltii: Fort Steele ami TV
bacco Plains Mining  blvi.sluu.-t-j.  F. Arm-
HtroiiK L'ranbrools
North IXsirU-t comprintntf Donald, iioliii-u ami
Win.lt-rm.-ri- Mining DIviHlOllS-J, K. Grifiiiha
 Donald
MINIMI RKCORDKKH
.1, KUrret Donald
Ki c. tang (iolden
U. (loldlt) Windermere
i'. M. Kdwards Fort Steele
M. Phillip, To.lmeco Plaint
Deputy clerk ot the I'oaee for North Kant Kootenay JoKlali Stfrrctt Donald
Deputy I'lt-rk t\f thu lViir�� tor South Kast Kont-
cuay���Charles Maiwoy Edward*,.,.FortSteele
FREE   MINERS.
Extract*! From British Columbia
Statute*   Explaining Fully th
Value and Necessity of a ** Fre
Miners" Certiflcate���N'o Per*
son   Should   Attempt   Mining
Without One.
Any person over 18  years of ajt, may be
romeatree miner by paying (6 to any gold
comtiiUaloner or mineral recorder and obtaining u eminent* good for ono year.
A free miner may obtain a new certificate for
��n�� lout on paying |l.
A tree miner'* certificate I* not transferable.
Any person or company working a mineral
claim, held as real estate without license, may
tic tined $'45. Mine- become real estate after
crown grant has been itmued.
s'huiiht co-owner fail to pay up hi* free miner's
certilieate his interest goes to bin co-owner* pro
rata according to their former interest*.
A shareliobier In a joint mock company need
���ot be a free miner.
A free miner may claim 1500x1500 feet. But
all.atif.lfH must be right angles and all measur-
uit'iit must be horizontally.
A free miner may cut timber on crown lands.
A free miner may kill game for hi* own use
at al) seasons.
A free miner may obtain five acre mllUlteupon crown lands iu the form id a square.
A claim may be held from year to year by
work being done to the value of one hundred
dollars.
Lodes discovered in tunnel may be held if recorded in 15 day*.
A free miner muy on payment of (-.TOO- In lieu ol
expenditure on claim, obtain it*crown grant.
Any miner may, at the discretion of the gold
commissioner, obtain necessary water right*.
Nofrausferol anv mineral claim or interest
shall be enforceable unless In writing, aigned
and recorded.
No miner shall auffer from any act of omission
or commission, or delays on the part of the
government ofllclal*.
No claim shall be open to location during
last illness* of holder, nor within 12 months
alter his death, utile** by permission of gold
commissioner.
A mineral claim mu*t be recorded within 15
���lav* after location, if withiu 10 miles uf office
ot milling recorder. One additional day is allowed for every additional 10 miles or traction
thereof.
AVVVkL LA11UR.
Work ou each mining claim to the value of
$100 must be done each yeitr from dale of record ot miueral claim.   Affidavit made by the
holder, or hi*  agent,  setting  out  a  detailed
staiemeutof the work done must be tiled  with
the gold coramlsslonsr or mining recorder, and
i a certificate of work obtained, and recorded be-
I fore the expiration ol each year from the date
I of record of *ald claim.   A free miner holding
I adjoining claims, may subject to tiling notice
j of liU Intention with the gold commissioner or
I mining recorder perform on any one or more of
such claims, all the work required to entitle
htm to a certificate of work for each claim. The
name provision applies to two or more tree miners holding adjoining claim* In partnership.
In lieu of above work the mln*��rmu*t pay $100
and get receipt and record thu same.
Printing I
Wo wish to inform the
public that wo are prepared
to do  Neat,   Artistic,
Up To Date Printing
in all its branches.
PERRY
Situated on Perry Creek?
25 Miles From Fort Steele,
East Kootenay*
mnntmtmt
LOTS FOR SffliE
$75 to $150 Each according to
location.
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
ttttXtlttttttilt
^FlgS-yyy*^ eg -   Onc-thlrd down, balance iii three nnd six
���"��� >5'J.-t'i"*5a -      months, Without intercut.
Tempest & Co.,
Agents, CALGARY.
Upper Columbia-
Tfavigation dc Ijramway
Co., Limited,   and
International Transportation Company.
Connecting with the C. P. R. at (iolden, B.  C.  and
Great Northern Railway at Jennings, Montana.
The   Only   Quick   and   Comfortable   Route.
Address all express care of U. C. Co'y, Golden.
F. P. ARMSTRONG,
managzp:.
CARLIN & DURICK
General  Merchants
FORT STEELE, B. O.
Miners Supplies a Specialty.
Agent for tho California Giant Powder Compay.
LEADING   HOUSE
Our Specialties :
Statements
Memorandums
Circulars
Knvelopes
Note Heads
Letter Heads
Hill Heads
Hand Hills
Calling Card*
%
Husinos Cards
Law ttrlefa
Lumhcr Books
Bank Work
Prmntnory Notes
Receipt forms
Share Certificate*
Assay Form*
Druggists Labels
No Job  too
LARGE
No Job too
Small
FOR    US
East Kootenay Pub. Co.
Golden, B. C.
Balgardrte * Hotel
IFort Steel��, 23. C.
Cuoick Wines, I-iqvorr and Cicaks.
R. D. MATHER, Proprietor
Baleyoo Hot Springs
^���^Sanitariums^
The Firnwt Henltli Iicn-irt nn Hie Continent.
Private Hwpltnl under meillral mipwlnten-
llence with a Trained Stuff nf Nurse;*.
Cnm-ilpto System nf ltalliw, nf every kind
and riMcrlntlon,
Medic*) Director���DR. K, G, BRETT, Kasff.
llt-fiidcnt I'liyaiclan A Surgeon���UK. SI'ANKIK.
UPPER ARROW LAKE, WEST KOOTENAY.
Subscribe for �� THE MINER,
����
-&.d.Trextis��   Isi    "THE     BJLST      ZECOOTEN-A/ST     Iv����TBK-." tm,
LOCAL AND GENERAL
iu..th��Presbyterian Church on-Sun->
day evening Mr. Harcourt'" subject will
be ukeu (rora lleh. Ll ItO-
qold Commissioner'Griffith and tbe
Hon. Mr. Aylmer left Golden on Tucs-
liy morning for Windermere on official
BuaiueBB. They will return at tlie begin
ning of next week.
The New Denver Ledge says:   "The
owners of the Halcyon hot springs
Arrow lake, will build a vast hotel next
summer and make the spring, a pleasure
as well aBa health reBort."
Tho cnrlers are having a run of hard
luck. For the third time this season
everything was in readiness for a start
-���-on Thursday���when the water again
broke loose and inundated the rink.
The workmen at tho Halcyon hot
.pringi have begun the erection of
boiler-house, whicli is to be 36x115, of
solid stone. It is to contain an electric
dyuamo and engines ior heating purposes.
SOME OF OUR PROMINENT MINING MEN.
The Properties Held by Them.
Mr. Loitch, -Mr. Hewitt Boatnclc's
former Liberal agent at Fort Steele.
passed through Golden on Sunday night
by No. 2 train in a private car, bound
from Sew Westminster to Stony Mountain, Manitoba.
There iB now good sleighing between
(iolden and Fort Steele and the mail
stage between the two places lias made
�� record trip, arriving in Fort Steele on
Thursday afternoon at 4.30 and in Golden
on Monday afternoon ut 5 o'clock.
Teams leave Golden this week for
Movie City with the machinery for
Captain Sunburn's steamboat, which
is to navigate Moyie lake and whicli will
be propelled by a four-bladed
screw. Joo Lavaek and Ben Huckle aro
in charge of the teams.
Fort Steele has now got a social club���
" The East Kootenay club." It was
oponod last Monday by an afternoon tea,
ot which ladies were present, in the
evening a smoking concort was held
The club premiaea occupy the upper
etory of the opera home.
Thu meanest man in any community
is the stingy, penurious pirate who gets
the benefit of the advertising and hard
work of others who assist in developing
��� district that directly makes him money
And who never helps in the work.
Happily, East Kootenay is comparatively
free from euch piracy.
Amomg the many railway charters to
be applied for at the nert session of the
provincial parliament ie another for con
Mructing a railway from Fort Steele to
the international boundary line. If all
the charters are granted and the work ol
construction proceeds under all of them
East Kootenay will be the best equipped
district in British Columbia with railway..
Tub Miser has received a special despatch from Hawson city, Klondike, that
Santa Clans is reported to have left hie
Northern Castle with an immense load
of beautiful goods for the young folks in
Golden. The load is drawn by three
splendid teams of reindeers. With fair
.peed and no accident lie should reach
the neighborhood of Golden about tho
..���veiling of January 6th. The constable
lias been directed to be on the outlook
iur him.
Arrangements for the Golden Hospital
Ball have been perfected. The ball will
bo held in the Alexander hall on Wednesday evening, January 5th. Ladies as
usual will be admitted free, while gen
tlemen will be taxed $2.,*i0. The music
(or the occasion will be furnished by the
Calgary orchestra, which is a sufficient
guarantee of the success of the bail. A
large contingent of visitors is expected
from Donald, Beaver, Banff and Field,
as well aa from the Columbia Valley.
Flour can now be conipreBsed and
formed into bricks which are impervious
to climate and time. They aro not
affected by damp or mould and remain
sweet and wholesome. Four hundred
pounds of bulk can be compressed into
a hundred pounda, and the compression
destroys all larval life and tlie bricks aro
thereby rendered safe from tbe attacks
of insects. These bricks should be of
great benefit to mining and lumbering
men, because freight will be saved and
more food will be readier and easier
packed.
More addition, to the devil's own.
East Kootenay gots its share. The
following lawyers have passed the examinations and been called to tbe bar of
British Columbia: George Smith McCarter, Golden; James A. Harvey, Wm.
K. Roaa and II. W. Herchiner, Fort
Steelo. There will be brisk timeB in
Eaet Kootenay by-and-byo and there
will tie more mining activity, aa these
profcaaionals are not going to exist on
bacon and beans.
The Dominion government at a recent
cabinet meeting decided to appoint a
commission to invcatigate the charges of
improper treatment of men on theCrow'a
Neat Paae railway. Mr. Hbaughnesey,
vice-president nf the 0. I'. H., emphatically denies the reports that men
employed on the Crow's Nest Pais railway had been ill-treated. The commission will do no harm. The truth must
be somewhere. Either the C. P. R. has
btsa vilely slandered or else' it hae acted
TO-y inhutoanly in tbe treatment ol the
inipjflyiwi.
!      Ml:. WILLIAM CIl.ltEllT M1TI lll'LI.-INM'S.
! The subject of this article with the
double-barrelled nanio ia Mr.' Willi*im
Gilbert Mitchell-Innes, manager of the
Golden British Columbia Development
company in Eust Kootenay. Mr. Mitchell-
IiuieB belongs to a good old Seollish
family, whicli has itB home in Berwickshire, lie was born iu Edinburgh and
received part of bin education at its
academy. He was aiturwards a pupil at
that celebrated English school at Harrow.
On leaving there he went to Bonn, on
the Rhine, in Germany, where he studied
(or a year. He then joined the Royal
Military college at .Sandhurst, haying
selected the army lor a profession. He
Berved in tlie British army from 1874 to
188!!. His lirst commission was iu that
famed Cavalry regiment, tho 1st Royal
dragoons, from which ho transferred In
18SU to the 1st batallion of the' Iioyul
Lancaster regiment. He was witli Unit
regiment for one year in the West Indian
island ol Barl-adoi*.*.. These were (he
piping times of peace, and, tired of
soldiering, Mr. Mitchell-Innes longed for
a life of greater activity and energy. He
severed his connection with the army
and went in for cow-punching iu the
Western Stales. This was a life of great
fascination, and many members of some
of the best Scottish families were ranchers out west. In 1884 bo went out to
the state ot Wyoming along with two
brothers and joined the Swan Land Co
us cowboys to learn the business of cattle
raising. Having obtained an insight
into the cattle business and acquired
some knowledge of ranching, he and his
brothers commenced ranching in the
state of Nebraska, which they followed
successfully for seven yeara, supplying
the big marts at Chicago and elsewhere
with fatted cattle. The Northwest territories were coming to the front and
Alberta promised to bu a good field for
ranching; besidea, these territories' Were
under the old flag, and in 1892 a migration took place to the vicinity of Olds,
about sixty iniles north of Calgary,'where
ranching was again tlio occupation of
Mr. Mitcliell-Iunes. But times were
changed, and so were prices. Oher iields
were offering bolter inducements for
capital and enterprise. The milling
industry in British Columbia hud coin
menced. In 1895 Mr. Mitchell-Innes
made another migration and entered
upon another occupation. In the Bummer of that year he came to Golden, iii
Eaat Kootenay, which has since been
his headquarters*. Here he entered into
the mining industry, where he was
joined by his two brothers, nnd haa bceit
succesalul in acquiring many valuable
proportiei, both placer and quart*!.' He
has also been successful iu forming in
the Old Country a good devolbpinciit
company to develope these quart/, properties. Thia is the Golden British
Columbia Development company, of
which Lord Rihbersdale is chairman
and Mr. Mitchell-Innes is tho manager
here. It is a safe company aud dnea jiot
suffer from over-capitalization; ItB capital is (30,(100. There aro good men
connected with thia company, and the
properties which it holda are some of
the best prospects in East Kootenuy
The development oi these properties is
being conducted on profitable but economical lines.
In the Golden mining division, in the
Prairie mountain diatriet, aliout sixteen
miles from Bear creek station on the line
of tlie C. P. H., the company hold a
promising group of fourteen mineral
claims called the Mitcher group. These
are (1) the Silver Tip, (2) the Cinnamon
Hear, (3) the Black Bear, (4) the Polar
Bear, (6) tbe Amy, (li) tho Normad, (7)
the Rachel, (8) the Barbara,!!!) the Ethel
(10) the Elbe, (Ul the Acme, (12) the
Omega, (13) the Lakeview and (14) the
Mitcher. All these claims are located
on the same ledge, which shows up
finely for live miles or more. The widtli
of the ledge varies from ten to fifty feet.
The properties are gold, silver and copper, principally copper. Twenty feet
from the surface assays produce seventeen iier cent, coppor, with considerable
traces of gold and silver. A good camp
has beon formed, fully equipped witli
cabins, stabling, stores and blacksmith's
forge. A gang of twelve men has been
engaged nil summer developing these
claims. The chief work haa been done
on the Amy claim. Two hundred feet
of tunnelling and shafting have been
done. Next season aa soon aa the
weather permits the development will
be resumed under the direction of Thos.
Hcbson, a thorough experienced minor,
the foreman who is conducting the
operations. A good trail haa been constructed to these properties, which lie
in a loop formed by the Canadian Pacific
railway, and aro east from the Glacier
House station nnd weat from (iolden
etation, which are practically the ends
of tho loop.
In the Windermere mining division
the company hold propertica on Toby
creek and Horse Thief creek. On Toby
creek, abut three miles from the Columbia river, arc the Vulcan and St. George
clasms, situated on opposite eides of the
creck.These ace copper propositions with
good surface showings, a large body of
mineralized matter being fn sight. Only
assessment work haa been done on these
claims. Eleven miles further, up the
creek and fourteen miles irom the Col.
umbio. river ia tbe Prsgon mineral claim,
Ml.. '.***"**-��� *.'*. ii.M���i *.ll*.*...,**.Ml.   ii ��� ll.l     *-**Mg,
also a copper proposition. Considerable
development work has been done in
tunnelling and sinking an inclined'-shaft.
The veiu in this claim average!* thirty
inches. The assays yield twenty per
cent, of copper, willi strong traces of
gold. A gang of four men has been
working here all Summer. It Is the
intention to lecommence work in the
early spring.
On Horse Thief creek, between the
north and Houth forks, and about twenty
miles from the Columbia river, the
company possess llio Pretty Girl, the
New Chum and the Venus mineral
claims, while it has bonded or acquired
a u option to purchase the Old'Chum
mineral claim ior ���15,000. All these
claims are copper, silver aud gold properties. The assays go very high in
copper and silver, one piece of float going
as high as thirty-six per cent, in copper.
The Pret.y Girl is on tlie summit of the
divide, and on either side ol her are the
Old Chum and the New Ciiiira. Tlie
surface showing consists of a ledge,
which, cropping up at intervals, can be
clearly traced on the north and Bouth
sides of the divide right into the valleys
of the forks of the creek. ,A camp of
twelve men under the superintendence
of Tom Jones, ono of Ihe,best experienced mining men in East.Kootenay,
has been engaged all summer in developing these mineral claims. An open cut,
forty feet long by lour feet wido and four
leet deep, has lieen made across the
ledge on the summit disclosing a mineralized mass about eighteen feet wide r.nd
lour foet deep. At the cast end of ..this
cut and in it an oblong ulinft eighteen
feet long by four feet wide lias been sunk
to tho depth of eleven feet. At this
depth, which is fifteen feet from (he
surface, a lead of solid ore is found about
two and a half feet in widtl\ (ind broadening ns depth is obtained. Tliisopen-cut
also discloses another lode of .shipping
ore similar to that ionnd on the surface.
This lode is eight feet wido, but intersected at intervals by thin layers of
shale. A tunnel. six feet. by four feet
baa been driven in on tha,. .New- Climn
for a distanco of aliout twelve feet. The
mouth of the tunnel ia ��� about 1Q0 foet
from tbe apex of the summit on .which
tho Pretty Girl is situated. Here tlie
same quality of ore is found as exists in
the Pretty Girl, which show* -the immense continuity of ore. Tbe ep> also
extends the whole width of the tunnel.
Mr. Mitchell-Innoa baa taken home with
him about a ton of this ore, sp that a
thorough mill test cau be made lo ascertain its richness. . This group is. considered one of the most. promising
properties in the district of East Kootenay, and.mining men who have-.viewed
the property declare that further, development w:ork is only necessary \o prove
the excellence of the property, Mr..
Mitchell-Innes haa abundant fai^i iu it,
as the trails have been put in thorough
state of repair for some fifteen miles... A
first-class pack trail hae been constructed
up the mountains to the. timber line and
within aliout half a mile from the workings of the claims. There a permanent
camp has been formed consisting of
cabins, storehouses, cookhouse, blacksmith's force and other buildings. As
soon as the snow disappears development work will be resumed.
Mr. Mitchell-lnnea has several placer
interests on Canyon creek, and tj>cse he
ia arranging to work if they sliouUj prove
to be ns valuable aa the prospects
indicate. But they will be thoroughly
proved and tested and the value, of the
" pay dirt" ascertained before hydraulic
operations on any extensive scale ure.
commenced. East Kootenay is famed
for tho past richness of it. placers, and
possibly Canyon creek may give some
rich yields.
Since Mr. Mitchell-Innes came bore
lie has made many friendships, as be is
courteous by nature and in disposition
amiable; but, you bet, he can be rohgb
sometimes when becaaion demands it
and has got a temper that can be lost
but it is never difficult lo find. He is
inexpensive in tastes but thorough well
pleased when he gets a double supply of
pie. He is beloved by the ladies,, and
regarded by all members of the mining
community an a "square" man, which
is the highest compliment that they
can pay to integrity. he is -a
magistrate (or the Northwest Territories and vice-president for Golden
mining division iu North East Kootenay
Mining association. Tni Mi-.su wishes
him and his company every success
which thev deserve lor their enterprise
and faith in Kast Kootonay.
the acts of those who were or are,connected with the coal fields nr the construction of the Crow's Nest Pass railway
What wo dn intend to do is to state ��
' few facts connected with the early history of these coal fields and the, negotiations for tho construction of the. railway,
i We are quite prepared to join tiie Even*
! ing Telegram or any other combination
jin most heartily denouncing the present
! government for its action in regard to
thp construction pf the railway, and allowing the C.P.R. to gobble the charter
and all tho .emoluments connected therewith. The railway should have lieen a
government constructed railway and Dominion property.
The history of these coal fields can be
shortly told thus: Tlieir existence was
first known when Mr. William Fernie
was Gold Commissioner at Wild Horse
Creek in 1881-83, und they were discovered during the construction of a trail
from East Kootenay through the Crow's
Neat Pass into Alberta. These fields remained uuprospocted nnd ��� unclaimed
until 1887. Iii that year Mr. Fernie
along with associate^ commenced to
prospect (or coal and located those immense deposits in the baBin ol the Elk
river near the western entrance of the
Crow's Nest Puss. They acquired all
the coal laud: that could be acquired.
At the time of acquisition not one of
them either belonged to the Provincial
government or even had a seal iu the
provincial legislative usscmblv.
Mr. Fernie nnd his associates having
located these coal fields the great problem to be solved was the opening up and
developing of their coal fields and the
obtaining the means of transportation to
the markets of" the'world. This only
could be doiii* by m'ealis of' a railway.
Application waa made to the provincial
government for an act td* construct a
railway '��� 'to open up these conl lands.
The act was grained, not a single individual connected cither with the railway
Charter or the coal lands was a member
of the provincial government,' far leas a
member of the legislative assembly.
This was a subsequent event.
The history of this act and of the subsequent acts are duly chronicled in the
statute book's of the province of British
Columbia. In none of 'those acta was
there ever any grant of coal lands. There
wero none' to grant."' All the coal land
so far as then known or ascertained existed in the basin of tho Elk river and
it had' all been' acquired bj> prospecting
and location prior to any application for
a railway charter!' *��� "
.'.. For nine -years Mr." Fernie and bis
associate.' straggled on' tS' obtain the
capital' to btllld' the railway to Open up
tbeii* coal deposits ��� arid develope the resources of Eas( Kooteiiay. "- They at last
succeeded: Buffer their exertions theBe
coal deposita nfi'ght 'have been dormant
to-day and the Crow's Nest Pals railway
aa farfrom being an accomplished'fact
us it was ten year's agB wlfiln !rio a'<'*t existed fur its 'corieiructi'on.'3 'Wiiiif few!
these men 'obtained :for tlici*f*-t{xcrtioiiB:
They have obtaintd railway Cbiiifuuhlca*.
tioh to open up tlieir cosl properties
which they acquired some ten years ago.
They do hot htttd any othA'COal lands.
The* correspondent of the Toronto
Evening Telegram should post* himself a
little better itf- his (acts* before'rushing
into print; We entirely coincide with
him as to the iniquitous course 'pursued
by tho present government* in :ita railway policy. We rememliei' the slapdash speeches that some of tho members
of the govemrtient delivered when prospecting British Columbia, and the high
hopes entertained that tTie government
was going to inaugurate 'a righteous
railway policy, bnt these speeches did
not pan out well when die speakers got
back to Toronto. Words.Word*. Mere idle
words. Keeping th. word oi pfcimise to
our cars and breaking it toourliope.
On that government should fall all the
condemnation, as it most* justly deserves
it, for the omissions and -commissions in
connection with' the construction of tlie
Crow's Neat Pass Railway.
_A beautiful -display of
Japanese
THE CROW'S NEST  DEAL.
Tha Toronto   Ev.nlng   T.l.gram'.
Mar. N.st.
Last week to the considerable detriment of our other general reading matter
we published a long narrative of " The
Crow's Nest Deal," as told by theToron-
to Evening Telegram, where there wna a
most beautiful blending of fact and flc-
tivn producing  the   miareprcsentation
that the province of British Columbia
had been plundered out of ftirce hundred thousand acrca ol the best coal laud
tho world, which lnul been granted to
assist in building the railway, and whicli
were now tho property of private indi-
idnala.
A lie that I. nil n lie
Can he met anil fought outright,
But a lie that I. hull > truth,
Is ever the hardest to fight..
We do not propose to enter upon such
a contest, nor do. we intend to enter into
a controversy to attempt lo justify all
We can.
Salt Yea?
��  �� ��
Our motto is :   Best Material
Perfect Fit   Latest Stylo
Reasonable Price.
���  �� ��
f.CUo
yom.
Merchant Tai oi.
CALGARY, ALTA.
BEER I
��***wv\g
The KM Beer Is Canada I. mute l>j the
Calgary Brewing &
Malting Co., Lt'd.
Mainlinetiitern nf Beer, Ale and Hoda Water
Innlflt on geUinn Calgary Beer every time. They
all have it. Tho Company's agent for Eaat
Krotenay U
H. G. PAR90S, Golden, &<V
Lacquered cabinets, Brackets, Trays,
Gloves and Handkerchief boxes, Vases,
Jardinieres, Flower Pots, Tea Pots, Tea
Sets, Cups and Saucers, Mantle Drapes,
Table covers, Jute Rugs.
TOYS
Steam Engines, Magic Lanterns, Noahs
Arks and Flying Birds, Rag Dolls, Kid
Dolls, Rubber Dolls, and   Dolls with
Rheumatic Joints,   Trains,   Trumpets.
Rattles, Chimes, Drums, Tops, &c, &c.
H. G. PARSON,
Seneral nferchan
1 m
.ALEXANDER BLOCK.
CHRISTMAS
..PRESENTS
' _',    Suitable for young and old.    Ladies and Gen
tlemen'.*) articles of toilet, beautiful Albums,
handsome Bijou Cases, magnificent Silver
Plate, choicest Perfumery.
Dolls, Toys and Picture Book3 in every form
and variety.
Do you wish toObtain'Silverware Free
then try Warren's Coupon System. Every cash
purchaser obtains a coupon, value 10 per cent.
of the cash purchase, and these coupons will be
exchanged for Silverware of the full value of
the coupons.
Come, See and Buy at
Charles A. Warren's
G-ol&ezi, 33.C
ISIMI8NERY
' ^iluiiiiulUiiiiuiiiuiuaUuauamiiiiaiUiUiiiiiilUf
We have just'received ft large, consignment of superior
stationery and are prepared to do all kinds of first
class job printing at living prices. Call and get our
prices before ordering your supplies for 1898. Wo
guarantee satisfaction. ... Mail orders receive prompt
attention.
East Kootenay Publishing Co.,
Qrol&exx,   B-O.
��� <

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