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East Kootenay Miner Sep 9, 1897

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Array '
,: *-.'..J    '   i
Devoted to the pining Interests and Development of the District of EAST KOOTEJlAY.
Vol. 1, No. 7.
Golden,   B.   C,   Thursday  September 9th,   1897.
$2.00 Per Year
A. P. PATRICK, P.L.S.
AimaiaiBi-BOX *t GOLDEN, B.C.
G. S. McCARTER,
XOTARY, ETC.
AuiJiA-imui Block,
Goi.iiex, B.C.
ELLIS & GROGAN,
Fire, Life, Real Kstate, Hmlse Agents,
Auetioncers and Customs nrokers
Fire Agencies:
Queen, Uiu'sshiro, I'niiui, Hartford.
European Hteauisblp Ticket (Ifiiee.
The Huu Uic Insnrsnec Coiupsny.
The Ontario AeeiiU'iir Inciirnnee t'o'y.
��� Tho Dlrbeek liiveutiiu'iit and Loan Co.
CALGARY, ALTA.
W. Hamilton Merritt,
F.G.H.
Assoclato Roynl School of Mines, -
Meuihor Iron A Steel Institute, ling.
Member American Inst. Min. Kugiueern.
Mining  Enelnaer and  Metallurgist,
' ti Toronto Mrct'l, TDKOXTO.
I      *
E. L. Cummins, P.L.S.,
Aod civil Engineer.
Fokt Steele, B.C.
Thos. McNaught,
Iflnlns Broker, Flaaneial Agont, Convcyaticcr
and Notary. I'uhlle.
Post otlee sddrevs:
GOLDEN or FORT STEELE.
W. PELLEW HARVEY,
(F.C.8.)
Away Ofllcca and
'  Chemical Laboratory,
VAXCOl-VER,  11,0.
" (IsUMisiled is'Jll.)
NOTICE
For wreril yf��w with Viv!nn A SntiR, Swan
set, *u<4 local rvprwKiitfttlvt' for tlium.
Y��r & jreara manager for tho fiKsuyern to the
Bio Tluto <V, London.
Can ad la* rciirewntatlrc of the Casual Gold
HitrwUaVCa.L'td,(llaHgow (CyHiiiilc proetm)
K.B.���All work pe-moutHy huditI Mended. Only
(oiDp-Rtetit men employed.    No impilHj re
RELIABLE ASSAYS.
-I    Made  By    :-
MESSRS
Bott & Emdree
CALGARY, ALLA.
:.F��si is Advancb.
O-ilA |1 W
Blltrer.... l��i
Hold and Bilver i IKI
copper ��� 1 W
Lewi .".....  1 f*
Lead and miver 11IW
Ores tested by Cyanide Process.
Other Keas on Applieallou.
UNDERTAKING |
& Embalming     |
\ T*do(raphordL'rHrofclvi,]irom|itntiL'iitU)n t
J. SMART,     I
L CALGARY, Alta.  ���
��� �����������������������������<��������>��������������������
t H. Bel
WATCHMAKER
*--k-��nd<i.
JEWELLER.
Wedding flings
A
���"-av������--*.
Calgary, - Alberta.
ProKpcL'tom and Mlm-rnjliftvinR clainiH or Inter-
cstH lo claims for suit*, could not do better
than miuimmk'tttu with
THOMAS McXAl'-ttllT,
Mining Broker and Financial Agents
(ioLiiBK and.Kom Ktbrlie.
$50 REWARD
, Tlio uliove reward will be.puitl liy THE
���EAST KOOTENAY MIXKK .'or information . thut wilt lend to the detection,
apprehension uiul conviction of tin- party
or ptirtica who Btnrtetl the recent tire in
Copper Creek, McMurdo District in
Hit-Men Mining Division of Hunt Kootenay,
���"' t-fdkten. B.C., 1st September,'1SD7.
flS" FREIGHTERS
Mr. John IluUman, Wtnflehl Park, Thnnderhlll
will handle freight between Adela, Mud Luke
and Kort Steele und return. (iotuN warehoused at both ends. For nitus apply to
JOHN 1IULLMAN,
TllVXIJKKHILJ,.
Jas. Henderson,
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER,
Plans Prepared.
Prompt attention Riven to-order*.
A .supply of llulldlng Lime for Hale.
GOLDEN, B.C.
H. K. Walton,
<^Golden, B.C.
I-nicR List o.n Application.
The Qolden
MEAT MARKET
<fc,Q<-*t>
Fresh and Halt Meatw.
Fish and (iaiiie tn HCUsnn,
Dealers tn,Cftttli*, Bliuup and Horses, .
Mailorders rut'eive prompt attention.
HULL BROS. & CO.
Repairing^-ag..
Roots, Shoes and. HarneM
��� Reimlreil promptly.   ..
C. P. HUDQN,
Livery and
Feed Stables
Hood Saddle Hones and Ki-fs of All.Kinds for
Hire at Hessonalile Kates.
Teaming of All Kinds a Specialty,
Hamilton and Skelton,
Golden, B.C.
Pastry,
Cakes,
Bread,
Jams,
Jellies,    .
Ice Cream
���Cull on���
H. J.  STARFORTH.
BmT* All Kinds of Fruit In Keason
W. Alexander.^
G.P.R. Wateh Inspector
Will call ovory week at
MelMCKMOT'S    Stoic��� -a.
, Any watches left there will
Promptly and Properly
be repaired at fair prices.
No Botched Work.
The Columbia House
CANAL FLAT.
The Central Hotel of Ksst Kootcimv, lilldwny
I'Ut-vcan (Icliien and Kort Steele.
flood (,'nlslne. Clioleo Liquors & flood Stabling.
ACCOMMODATION   AMPLE.
TERMS  MODERATE.
E. H. Small, Proprietor.
The World's
Highway
TO THE YUKON AND ALASKA NATURE HAS PROVIDED THE
ROUTE.
Between the Rockloa and the Sel-
klrks-Through East Kootenay by
the Cariboo and Casslar.
Pirat Article.'
Of routes to the Yukon there is no
end���und nil luive noinethint,' to urge in
their fiivor. The pt'incipulconsideration
ia n good route through llritinh territory,
und n route that ahull lie overlund. It
is itlno desirable to olitiiiu u short route
and u route that would be easily constructed.
Without decrying any of the routes
that are being suggested from various
points in British territory���-tlie most
feasable route is one that nature has
provided herself���-up between the ranges
of the Koekies and the Solkirks through
Bust Koote-itiy. up the Curilxio into the
Casfliar plateau, and then riglit on to the
Yukon. There are no lofty ranges to
eross, no large rivers to bridge and no
great engineering dillieulties to oyer-
eomo.
The route is neither local���nor provincial���but is world wide. It is avail-
alile not only to the. Dominion . but also
to the Uiiltod Suites, und can be utilised
beth'-fur the Yukon lind Alaska.
AH the other overlund routes, whether
by Edmonton- llevelstoke, or Kiimloo]>s.
apart from other dilfienlties, are nearly
local or semi-provincial.
The Aiuerieiin railways are close up to
the International HonndiiTy Line���having stations ut Knlispel mid Jennings
Landing, within (HI or SO miles from the
boundary of South Kast Kootenay.
From these railways to Donald on the
C. I'. It., und on the Columbia Kiver, u
distance of aliout 1100 miles j there is not
only a good waggon mail, hut steam
navigation by the lrpper Kootenay and
the Up-ier Columbia rivers for nearly
250 miles. A railway can lie easily constructed, connecting with the American
railways���across Tobacco Plain and
along the Upper Kootenay, and down
the Upper Columbia connecting with
the C. 1*. R. ut Golden���the head of the
navigation of thu Upper Columbia.
This railway could either run alongside
tlie main C. 1'. It,, or have running powers ovor it to Donald; whore it would
continue along the east side of the Up-
I>er Columbia to the Big Bend; then
riglit up tho Canoe River to Tete .leune
Cache, which ie on the head waters of the
South Fork of the Fruser River, and
riglit opposite the Yellow Head Pass in
Rookies. From Donald to Tete Jeune
Cache the distance is 150 miles.
Throughout the entire distance from
the American line of railways to this
point, u distance of about 450 miles there-
is not a single engineering difticulty. A
good waggon road used by mail stages
has been constructed for !'00 miles antl
there would be no dilliculty in continuing this waggon road up tlie Columbia
on the route ot the Muberly trail, and
taking it up tlie Canoe River to tlie Tete
Jeune ('ache, where the road from Edmonton through the Y'ellow Head l'uas
would join it.
The road from this part would follow
the South Fork of the Fruser river, and
branching off from there where it jojus
the parent stream ;* wullld cross the divide to Ft. McLeod on tlie Parsnip river
a liriineli of Pence river, which Hows
northward. Following this stream the
Cassair district is reach���an undulating
plateau, whore a variety of routes could
be selected to enter the Yukon. Either
entering by tlie Ljurd river, which rises
iu tlie Yukon, following it down and
striking the head waters of the Upper
Polly river; or going further west and
entering by Luke Teslin mid going down
the LewiB riVer. Both the Polly und
Lewis rivers are in the Yukon and empty
into tlje. River Yukon.
While these iiltoriintiue routes are suggested in tlie CnsBiiir, Mr. Walter Mov
barley,,Engineer, who is familiar with
the interior of tlie Province of Britisli
Columbia, suggests a route,���giving
the distances,���from Tote Jeun Cache to
Giscouc Pontage uu tho Eraser river, a
distance of 1(10 miles. Thence from Gis-
cone Pontage to Frances Lake, a distance
of 1170 miles; Frances Lake is iu the
Ynkoii'and'is the head waters of a brunch
of.tlie Lj.ird river.
Tlie tutal distance from tlie American
railways to the Yukon is not 000 miles,
mid ia open to the world and takes in all
branch feeders cast or west.
Tlie Yukon is a mighty territory. It
has an area of 102,000 miles. It is therefore nearly equal the size ol France. It-
has ten times tho area of the Province
of Nova Scotia; or nearly three time
thut of the new England States. It bus
more than 1000 miles of navigable water
highways. Some idea of distance may
be obtained when it is known that the
Klondike is about 4110miles from .'ranees Lake���but this is considered no distance in our great Dominion.
What possibilities are opened up by
this route? Tlie interior oi the Province
is opened up, witli its great resources,
which otherwise would not be opened up
ill any other way. The Cassair is a large
district that is comparatively unknown,
but what is known of it shows thut it
possesses wealthy resources in timber
limits, ranching grounds, and land suitable for agricultural and tlie growth of
cereals. Barley and rye can lie grown
and there may be even some wheat
belts--ns wheat can be grown very far
north. The wealth uf the Cariboo in its
mineral possessions lias long been known
but is practically unopened, and this
route would open it up and give a still
further impetus to its mining industry.
Tlie Cassair is also undcrstuod tu he rich
in mineral. Now is tlie opportunity of
opening up tlie great districts in British
Columbia and giving a world's highway
tu tlie Yukon and Alaska in tlie construction uf tliis railroad. Tin: MlXBIl
shall return to this subject again.
FORT STEELE   CONNECTED
With .the  Outside  World  by Telegraph Wires.
. Spokane is indirect telegraphic euni-
uiuuication with'Fnrt Steeh. Messugers
have been received and sent, tlie line is
in first-class working condition and tlie
managers are ready fur business.
Tlie company which built the line is
known in the United States ns the 8po-'
knne-Fiirt Steele Telegraph oi Telephone
Cnnipauy, The line connects witli the
Western Union nt Kulispcl, Jlont., und
extends along the stage road from Kali-
spell ulniiwt due north tu Wardner, 11.C,
mi the Kootenay river. From Wardner
the line follows the wagon road tu Fort
Steele. Iu all 139 miles of wire are
stretched into u region which heretnfurc
has been cut off from cuminunicatioii fur
weeks at a time when hud weather sets
iu. Even with the best of weather,-it
required two days for a message to reach
Fort Steele.
Utliees for the present will lie at
Wardner, B.C., and Fort Steele, and
those places will huvc communication
witli all parts of thu wurld, arrangements
having been made wftli the Western
Union and Great Northwestern Telegraph companies to exchange und handle
the business uf one another.
Construction was begun un the lirst
day of August, this year, and the entire
line was constructed in SI days. The
line started fruni Kidispcll, with a crew
of 10 men, and this number has followed
the wire to its final destination.
Tlie company was organized about the
first uf June by W. J.C. Wakefield, Geo.
il. Furster, (.'has. Theis, J. ljivlgne mid
1. McMichucl, uf .Minneapolis, and A. I).
Campbell. 1. McMiehiiol is president of
the company; A. D, Campbell, general
manager, secretary and treasurer.
Twenty thousand dollars is tlie sum
for which the company is to be capitalized, and one of the trustees said it was j
all paid up.
Manager Campbell said he expected to
have little trouble witli the line. He
expects tu be able to send messages at
unv time vi the day during summer or
winter. Hates arc tiutiuunced un a basis
of 75 cents for in ivdrds frum lCallspell.���
The Inland Sentinel Supplumdnt.
Messrs. "Wm. itcuulsun, nf Everett,
and Dr. Mitchell, oi' London, are at the
Kootenay House. They will visit the
McMurdu district mid inspect several
properties thero in which they are interested.
Messrs. G. Erickson and M. Dainard
left fur Carbonate on Wednesday on a
visit |o Cupper Creek tu insect the
work now being done by " Tip " Johnston on the 'j Mabel" group of claims
owned by the Alberta & Kouteuay Development Co. According tu lust report-!
tlie properties arc showing up well.
Mr. (I. W. Willis, Superintendent of
the Cluiuue Mining Co. of Vancouver, is
at Golden this week renewing acquaintances and incidentally taking note uf a
few gissl luuking quartz propositions iu
the district. He reiHirts considerable
activity in milling operations on tho
coast where there ure now several shipping mines. ����� v ���
LATEST
MUDDLE.
The Post  Master   Generals   Latest
Muddle In the Transportation
of East Kootenay Malls.
Thy Post Muster General iiq^sesflefl tlie
hiyhcRt gift of knowing how not to do it,
uml by tiie latest arrangement lie Huh
made in reyiml to KiiHt Kootenay'n mails
he has excelled himself. Prior to tlie
Post Master General and his party coming into power, Kast Kootenay had a
weekly mail service and was clamouring
for a bi-weekly service. The Post Muster
General in tlie ploutitude of his power
deemed that the best way to still tlie
clamours would he by withdrawing the
weekly service and substituting a fortnightly one. Accordingly he did so.
Kast Kootenay, however, in nut computed of such plastic material us to submit
to sueh treatment. Indignant remonstrances, und just ones, hud the effect uf
getting back a weekly service���and what
a service! The people aro familiar with
the Post Muster General's dirty trick���
who, ufter tidvertMuj.' for public tenders,
cast them all aside, and mude a private
contract with parties in Alberta to carry
the Kust Kootenay Mails. It would be
interesting to tlie public to know something more about tho nature of this private contract, and why people in Alberta
were selected for it; and also why tlie
public service wm sacriliced to admit of
such a conf ruet being mude. Particularly
as at the turn) the contract was made
there was a regular bi-weekly service
from the one end of the Kootenay to the
other, and sometimes a trl-weekly, one !
by the I'pper Columbia Navigation Company and tho Internutioiiul Transportation Company, who could, through a I
Bimilar private arrangement have carried j
the muilflat a far less cost than what
was paid to Mulojk's proteges. Tiie
new service from the first start was a
crazy one. The mails arrived in Fort
Steele from Golden on the Thursday
night and left ou the Friday morning.
Arriving in Golden on Sunday night und
leaving on Tuesday morning fur Fort
Steele, giving the business people in
Golden very little time to attend to business communications from tbe eight
different postal centres including Fort
Steele, Windermere, Wassa and other
busy places in Kast Kootenay. The people of Fort Steele had no time to answer
return mail, but they rose to the occasion. Finding that indignant remonstrances had no effect on the postal author*
ities they proceeded to establish mail
communication for themselves by tbe
North And South, and obtained a most
satisfactory service by the Nuvigation
Company. Tlie Navigation Company by
private arrangement with parties bringing and taking nil north mail to and
from Golden twice u week, the Transportation Company by similar arrangement bringing and taking all south mail
to and from .leiinhig's Landing in Montana twice and sometimes thrice a week.
The people of Fort Steele having thus
provided for the postal wants-
some brilliant genius of tho
Mulock type conceived the idea
that it would be most disadvantageous
to the people of Golden, who were to a
certain extent quiescent, but fur from
SUtisiied with the Mulock urrangement,
and of little advantage to Fort Stoele, if:
the mails were delivered in Gulden on
Monday night and the return mail leave j
early ou Tuesday morning for South,
Kust Kootenay. The idea was no sooner'
conceived than it has been carried out.   |
The mails frum the whole of liust.
Kootenay, south from Gulden, arrived in
Golden on Monday night. The postmaster Ut Golden is expected to sort all \
this mail matter in time to allow the [
business people of Golden to receive these
Various communications from the eight
different postal centres of Kast Koote-
nay, attend to tho orders received, ]
answer the correspondence und havo the
nothing but failure, lie might have left
well nlotfe, if be could not improve on it.
But then he may lie one of those types
of Ue formers that for the sake of change
they would take down the sun and light
up tlie world with gas, His reformation
in the mail service in Kast Kootenay hufl
beon conducted on such principle.
Thk Mixku has made suggestions-
valuable (Suggestions���ns to how the
service could bo improved, pending the
time when the railway will run across
South Kust "Kouteuay���:i�� railways aro
the proper mail carriers; but these have
not been acted upon, because they were
too "senslblo  for  sueh  nn   individual
us   Mr.   Mulo
Mr.   Mull
same mailed before twelve o'clock that
night, as the mail bugs for South Kast-
Kootenay must be closed at that hour
for the early despatch next morning.
llow is it to Ihj done? Does Mr. Mul-K'k
think''that the people of Golden can be
treated in this shameless way witlfc*Ut
remonstrance? Heaven only knows what |
qualities Mr. Mulock possessed that his1
party thought him entitled to the post of
Postmaster-General. They are llko tho
mysteries of a certain Celestial place��� j
past finding out. His regime, so far as
Kast  Kootenay iH coneerped, has been
impervious to all remonstrances. Perhaps
he considers himself built of superior
clay and ban such a lofty conception of bis
own " gigantic intellect," that he regards
the representations of the Dominion
members as of no account und brushes
them aside with the same indifference us
an idle buy dues thu flies on a window
[nine.
No, Mr. Mulock; this won't do. Tiih
Minim regards you us a very interior
individual, who, possessed* of political
gifts that were neither rich nor rare,
mude the best use of them to attain
power, oilice and pay and succeeded, so
much so that your friends wonder how
you ever got tube Postmaster-Generul.
You ure too good a type of the insolence
that is begot by office to he of any real
service to'tho public as a public servant,
undjjtho sooner you make way for a
better man the lietter will you serve your
country and your party.
FORT  STEELE   BOARD OF TRADE.
A Valuable Business Institution
Successfully Organized.
At :\ mooting held on Friday night tho
organization of tin1 Fort Steele Board uf
Trade was completed and the necessary
papers for registration have been duly
executed and forwarded tu the Secretary
of State at Ottawa. The district over
which the operation of the association
will have range is the Fort Steele Mining Division stretching frum a lino
drawn eust aud west through Canal Flat to
the confines of Kast Kootenay and south
to thu International boundary line.
At last night's meeting J. A. Harvey
was elected chairman and Wm. Bailie
secretary. On motion of T. Kdo, seconded by Dr. Watt, tbe association was
named tbe Fort Steele Board of Trade,
with the boundaries coterminous with
the Fort Steele Mining Division of Kust
Kootenay.
Gn motion Messrs. Kdo, Nelson and
A. \V. MeVittie were appointed a committee to draft a Bet of by-laws to bo
submitted to a meeting of tho Board to
be held at the school house ou Thursday
evening of next week.
The secretary read the certificate of
ussociatlon of the Board, and thirty-six
gentlemen attached tlieir signatures as
charter members.
Gn motion the secretary was instruct'
ed to telegraph the Secretary of State,
announcing the organization of tho
Board and applying for registration.
The meeting then adjourned to meet
again on Wednesday evening of next
week at the school house.���The Prtw-
poctor.
This Mixta: congratulates FortSteolo
Milling Division in having established u
Board of Trade. It is un institution that
was very much needed in Kast Kouteuay,
���considering the large number of towns
that are springing up,���where trade
interests will be great. The citizens of
Kort Steele are to he congratulated in
nelzing tho opportunity of making tho
town of Fort Steele the headquarters ere
Wurdner, Cranbrook or Moyie became
alive to the possibilities of making any
of these towns the headquarters of tho
Board of Trade for South Kast Kouteuay.
How East Kootonay Is Going Ahead.
Thu Mix mt culls from tho current
number of the Commercial, a journal of
commerce, Industry and finance published in Winnipeg, tho following items
relating to Kust Kootenay published in
that journal, under the heading of British Columbia Business Notes:
K. .J. Sebagel, has opened in lumber at
Fort Steele.
Tin' Cranbrook Lumbar Co. has started business.
Bunyan &. Lottoh, saw millers, Cranbrook, have started a branch yard ut
Moyie City,
The following are opening business at
Moyie City: <h\}. Bassett, hotel; Glou
Campbell," hotel.
The following have started business at
Fort Steele: Wellington llrowu, furniture; Mrs. Sprague, fruit und confectionery J Vandecar ifc Co., flour and feed.
11. G. Parson,of Golden, has establish*
ed a branch of the wholesale liquor
department of his business at Fort Steele
which is in charge of A. ,1, Hopkins.
Kast Kootenay is going ahead and no
mistake, and especially that portion embraced in Fort Steele ftllniii-u Dl.Vluiou, A w.'i-klv Journal, published oyery Thursday
In thu interest of tho Kust Kootenay District,
making clow it connections with nil trains find
mail routes.
BL'HSCRUTIOS BATES: By mull or currier.
fj.co j., r yuai' in advance.
ADVKKTtBIXG HATES: Display ads. M.50por
column i.icli, fJ.(H) per column iiii-lt when in-
scried I'll i lie title paaoi ltr��i ade. lUecntu per
(nonpareil) llnufor iim Insertion, it con In Dor
lino ior ''ii-'!'. additional insertion; rending
iiutlies IS cunts per line ouch insert ion.
Changes of ads. must oeiu office not later than
Weilnvn-Jay.
ll I rlli, marriftro and death uottccs I mortal
I ree.
,1011 DEPARTMENT: Our Job Dopartmcnl
isilicltem  equipped print ing office in  East
iiViiiliuif utAn'iisuuuljluprlL'u.   Ono pricu toall,
M-ill-or lew receive prompl atlontlou.
t.'ORHERPOXDEKTS: We invfle corroapon'
dune on any subject of latorosl in the Keuoral
puhlte Hii'l desire a regular correspondent ut
L-viM'y.nointlu tllo District. In. all cuies the
Itona tide name of writer must accompany tlie
tmiuiiscript, not noeeftnrily for puutieutloii
bul aa a uuur.inleo.of good faith.
llorrosiiQU lenen witli roforoaco to any mutter
thai liuiupi ltd in iinother paper must Und
he offered to tlml paper for t ilea'tlon bofora
ii eiiu appear in '��� Tub Minsk."
Adiir
imuniciuions
THE EAST KOOTENAY PUB. CO.
Golden,.��:. 0
I
"tfjIUKSDAY, SEPT. 9, 1807.
Kootenay.
A OENERAL DESCRIPTION OF
THE   DISTRICT.
Tha District of Kust Kootenay, which
is part of the Comity Of Yale, in British
Columbia, is larger than some of the
States in the Union and is about two-
thirds the size of tho KillgclomofGrcece,
It iff in. the south-east portion of the
Province It extends northwards from
tho (international, boundary for nearly
three,hundred, miles. It lies right in between the lofty ranges of the Koekies
und the.Solkirk'i-which are ltd eastern
and western boundaries. Its northern
boundary is the Big Bond of the Columbia, wkerc it is only a few miles broad.
On the south where it touches the
boundary line iL will be nigh sixty miles
wide." Its average breadth from summit
to summit of the mountains U fifty
miles. The whole District is one wide
and beautiful valley���with side valleys
of more limited extent running from it.
It rises to 'high'ftiul broad benches and
extends to tho foot hills along the main
ranges.
It has lieen described ns ono of the
prettiest valleys in the province���having
good grass and soil, a fine climate, established mines, and promising mines,
excellent waterways and ttn easy surface
for road-mukinjj/
In I'liisL Kootenay are the head waters
of the Columbia end Kouteuay Rivers���
which'vise close to oneanother, a spur
of the-lint-Ivies separating thenli They
liow for nearly a hundred miles parrell
to one aimther iu opposite directions.
They'are au illustration of "you take the
high road aud I will tako the low
road arid 1 will he iu tlie ocean before
you." Tho Columbia starts on its
journey for tho Arctic OcOan and the
Kootenay on its journey for tho Mexican Ulilf. The Columbia run's far north
for nearly two hundred miles, when it
takes a Buddeu aud abrupt turn and runs
due solHh. Tliis sudden and abrupt
turn if the M Big Bend ofjtho Culuinbia."
The Kootenay after crossing the Inter-
tional' bottndaay (lows southwards for
bi.r..i: distance, where it also changes its
course and runs north recrosses tiie In?
ternationiil boundary in West Kootenay
ami meets the returning waters of tlie
Columbia near Hobs on. The united
rivers-then flow peacefully South���but
again alter their course and How westward and fall into the Pacific Ocean at
A itor hi,between tho states Of Oregon and
Washington. The Columbia after its long
and wearisome journey drains a total
area of 1*05,000 square miles.
In tlie centre of this District are two
hue Lake,-���Lake Windermere and tho
Upper Columbia Lake���both of which
are traversed by steamboats and are the
mother of tho waters of the Columbia
and He at au altitude of 2850 feet above
BOO level,
The country is more thinly wooded
than the West Kootenay district, and
affords great facilities for fishing and
limiting.
East Kootenay is a good agricultural
and pastoral as well as mining country,
and during the past yeur has added a
largo number of actual farmers to- its
population who have taken up and .'are
cultivating land. Nearly the whole of
the area of the valley, or valleys,described is a buncln grass country, affording
excellent gji'iiitlng. Tlie grass country Is
250 miles long, of an' average width of
live miles, besides a number of lateral
valleys of more limited extent. , The
whole of the valley is fertile, though ex.
copt ina few places its agricultural capabilities, have not Ixjcu tested. Tlie atmosphere is clear and day and the snowfall in winter is light, but iu a district go
exteuded.elimatic conditions, vary considerably from'local causes.
KasfKootemty lias long been noted
not only for itsrich' placer mining, but
also for its valuable deposits of high
grade ore���namely  galena,   silver  and
lead. Gold quartz is also being found.
Since the early days of the gold rush to
Britisli Columbia many millions of
dollars have been taken out of its creeks.
This District early attracted attention
and its wealth would have been developed long ere this time but for the Wild
rush to the other gold-fields of the
world. The rediscovery of tho great
wealth in Southern British Columbia
has again brought the Kootenaies to the
foremost place in the mineral world.
The greater portion 6{ Kust Kootenay is
within the phenomenal rich belt uf mineral wealth thut lies iu Southern British
Columbia, and contains gold, silver, copper, iron, coal, cinnabar, oil and gas deposits of great value.
A   GOOD*   CLEARANCE.
Gamblers Leavo Stoete.���Tho Gon-
try ar�� Told to Leave and thoy
Linger Not.
During the past summer quite a number of the gentry who deal the deals tlmt
oft times play the devil, gathered at Fort
Steele In large numbers. Night after
night the merry games went on, and no
objections were made by the authorites.
There were losses and proportionate
gains, and now and then a sucker would
get his head bumped. With it all, how
ever, good order prevailed, and lawlessness was unknown. A change has taken
place. ' The authorities turned over another leaf the other day, and across the
top wrote tlie significant words, "gamblers please get out.'.' Tlie gentry paused not tp argue, but like the Arab,
folded their tents and silently stole
away. But the authorities went Still
further, and included hi tlieir edict of
exile thut class of men that are neither
the hewers of wood nor haulers ofwatei,
but live on the receipts of those women
who arc not wives and would not be
maidens. The last bet has been culled,
the checks have been cashed, and the
boys no longer dally witli the reds, the
whites or tho blues.���The International
Wardner.
THE KOOTENAY RATES.
Conference with the C.P.R. Traffic
Manager.
D. W. Bole, president, and J. H. Ash-
dowe, representing the board of trade in
Winnipeg, had a conference with Mr.. R.
Kerr, traffic inapager of tho C.P.R;, on
Saturday afternoon in reference to
freight rates to Kootenay points. The
delegation state that the conference was
very satisfactory. Spcakiug of tho'oxis-
tlng tariff, Mr. Bole pointed out thatjthe
charges from Montreal to Winnipeg and
from this po'nt to tho Kootenay were
now the same as the through rate, plus
a small charge for cartage hero, which
was reasonable, and to tjmt extent satisfactory.��� Winnipeg Free Press.
The Black Sand of the Saskatchewan Again.
Tut-: Miser recently published an arti
cle on the above fefubjeCft and the Moose-
mln Spectator husthe following leadei1
on it:���
" Thk East Kootknay Mi.vkk has formulated a theory altout the Edmonton
black sand. Shortly it is that these deposits come from tlie gold deposits iu the
ltockles and that their somewhat promiscuous distribution is owing to the
"magnetic" attraction of the earth.
The Spectator does not pretend to be
expert hi mining mattera, bait it ventures to think that Thk Mixku's theory
won't hold water or gold either. Magnetism could not possibly affect gold
itself, and unless tlie black sand is largely composed of nickle or iron it could
not possibly affect the black sand, nor
does the earth's magnetism break out in
spots like the measles. It is straugt'
that so far the public have not been
fumlshetl with a reliable analysis of the
black sand. It evidently contains gold
and probably also an oxide of platinum
ami allied metals. If this is the case
and an easy method is discovered of reducing the metals it is probable that the
black sand may prove very valuable indeed. However it is idle to theorize
without sufficient data to go on."
Tho difference between Thk Mixbr
and the Spectator is tliis: Tin: MlXKIt
has knowledge and knows what he is
writing about. The Specmtoi lacks
knowledge and does not know anything
about the subject he is writing aliout.
Crow's Nest Divisional Point.
Recently the report was industriously
circulated that Hon. Col. Baker had donated the large tract of land���said to be
several thousands acres���to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company so as to
run through Cranbrook in which tlie.
Colonel is largely interested as a real estate owner. It now turns out that out of
the 1500. acres laid out as a townsite by
Colonel Baker he donated but 750 acres
to the railway company in alternate
blocks - As to the,plac-a-having been se-
, lectori its a 0ivisional point did it not
posBessall the advantages requisite for
such neither the Can adian Pacific nor
any other railway co mpay would choose
it as a site for work shops engine house
and other necessarvbuildings. The site is
snd to havs been the choice of tho general manager whose aim in all new rail
ways is to make the route as short as
possible. To havo gone north
of Cranbrook would havo lengthened
the line about twenty-five miles.
Fort Steele for somo time to come if not
for all time will continueto be a very important centre in East Kootonay:���Vancouver World.
NOTICE I
I'UOVINCIALSEWIETAKY'S OFFICE.
.,      , 18th August, 1897.';'
is HONOUR tho Lieutenant-Governor has
been pleased to appoint William Si.nci.aih
(Joke, of tlie City of Victoria, Esquire, to be
Water -Orimmissloticr under the provisions ol
tlie " Water Clausen Consolidation Aet, 1897."
H
NOTICE I
1'aoviKciAL Skcbetarv'h Office,
lath August, 1897.
HIS  HONOUR the Lieutenant-Uovernor in
Council  hail been pleased to direct the
publication of tlie undermentioned Scale of
Fees, pavable under the provisions of   tlie
" Water Clauses Consolidation Act, 1897."
Hj- Command. ...
JAMES BAKER,
��� 'provincial Secretary.
. SCHEDULE ONE.
Records of Water for Domestic, Auriciltur-
al, industrial and mining. purfosw).
For every reeord or interim record of 100
inches of water or less  f  5 00
For i!very additional 100 indies up to SOU
Inches        5 00
For every additional SO inches above 1100
inches ;      B oo
For apportioning the water authorised
to lie used under any record      5 00
In respect of every reeord or interim record (except in respect of water recorded und actually used for agricultural purposes) uu annual fee up to the
first 800 inches of       3 00
For every additional fit) inches an annual
(00 of         100
Inspection or search of any record in
any record of water rights       0 2d
Pilmg uiiv notice or document with u
Commissioner or Oold Commissioner.'    0 50
For certilied copies of uny record or
document per folio of 100 words       0 25
Publication iu tho.Gunottu aet'ording'to
the scale of charges hs defined in
Schedule A of ihe " Statutes and Journals Act."..'	
Annual fees to be paid to the Commissioner for the District on or before the
uuili day of June in each year.
SCHEDULE TWO.
The Siti-lyinc; of Water by ^'ater-works
Systems to Cities, Towns and Incorporated Localities.
Every Municipality or specially incorporated
company shall .pay iu respect of each of the
several matters in Schedule One of this Schedule mentioned the fees in respect of such mutter by said Schedule One prescribed:
For tlie presenting by, a specially incorporated company of a petition under
section 58 of tbe Aet and the tiling of
the documents by section 62 prescribed, a fee of $ 25 00
For every Certificate issued under section 55 of the Act, a fee (to be paid to
and (or .the use of the Judge of the Su- '
preme Court granting such petition)
of    100 00
sensobijf three!.
Tub Acquisition of Watch and Water Power
FOR lNIIUSTKfAL'OR "MANtVACTt'RING Pl'R-
roses by Power Companies.
* Every power company shall pay in'respect of
each of tno several mutters in Schedule One of
this Schedule mentioned the fees in respect of
such matter by said Schedule One prescribed:
For the filing of the documents mentioned in Seetlon 85 of the Act, a fee of f 25 00
For every Certilieate under Election 88 or
Section 90 of the Act, a fee of  .   100 00
For the examination and approval Of
every schedule or proceeding fixing
tolls, -rates, fares, rents or charges, a
fee of      10 00
East Kootenay Mining Stock List.
Name of Coy. | Capital. I Par Value j Sell P
|7��O,U00   I        JUKI       I    100
ff-CCUCO I       ,1.(10-     I
(iolik'ii ,t Kurt
atoela II f'q.
Alberts <l K'y
; I). O'y
Thou.  McNitnght.
Mlnli'i* Broker,
Fort Stwli!.
Notice of Removal.
I'm JubI going across the river,
Only a few yards away,
To premises more convenient,
Where I intend to stay.
I must thank the people of Golden
For theli patronage in the old storo,
And assure them that in the future,
1 shall try and merit it more.
My samples for fall and winter.
Are all of the newest class,
And are sure to give satisfaotlOu,
llcilulise sold at LOW PRICES for CASH.
Suits to -Measure from #1-5 Up.
Inspect my patterns and compare prices
before placing your orders elsewhere.
Clcnuliig* ItcpuiriiiK and Altor-
. lug   Done.
J.   F.   PUGH,  TAILOR,
.GOLDEN, B.C.
��    ��    ��
Value Im one lliin-f
Satisfaction in another
You I9t botli by buying your DRY HOODS
��t   THe'hUD80N'8 BAY STORES.
Pries Lists snd Hsmplcs for-rsrdsd sn application. ..   ....      ,
,��     ��.    ��-      ��.. 1
Mail Ordres Receive
Prompt Attention.
-���a-AT THE-**-
Hudson's  Bay
Stores,
CALGARY,    -    ALTA.
Spillimacheen �� Hotel
SPII.I.IMACHKEK, EAST KoOTBKAY, B.C.
Choice Wines, Liquors & t-lgnrs.
l'a't'k Horses ior 8��le or Hire.
Every attention paid to Uucst*).
FKANK DKACON, Proprietor.
Golden Restaurant,
Mack Joe, Prop.
Meals at All Hours.
��<=>��=X=-.(D
FRESH    FRUIT   DAILY-.
BEERr
The Best User In Canada is made by the
Calgary Brewing &
Malting Co., Lt'd.
Manufacturers of Beer, Ale and Soda Water
Insist on getting Calgary Boor every time. They
all have It. The Company's agent for East
Kootenay Is
H.  G.  PAUSON,  Golden, B. C.
We can���-#��.
M 1ml
- ������    ��  ��  ��
Our motto is :   Best Material
Perfect Fit   Latest Stylo
Reasonable Price.
* * *
Jfc C Tjom,
Merchant Tailor,
CALGARY, ALTA.
Canadian Pacific Ry
Direct rail route to
Montreal & Toronto
and all Eastern Points.
Lake Route to the East���Sailings from
Furt William.
Alberta Every Tuesday to Windsor.
Athabasca... .Every Thursday tn Owen Sound.
Manitoba Every Sunday to Owen Sound.
Connecting,tains from Oolden at n;r.'o every
Monday, Thursday and Saturday.
, Dally and direct service to
Kaslo, Nelson, Sandon,
and all points in the far famed .Kootenay
and Hilvery'Klocan.
To China and Japan
From Vancouver
Empress India '. ,2nd Angus:.
Honoulu,
Australia,
New Zealand,
From Vancouver
Ulowera 8th August
Apply (or Particulars to
C. E. WELLS, Agent, Golden,
or ROBERT KERR,
Traffic Manager, Winnipeg.
We-wish'to inform the
public that we are prepared
to do  Neat,  Artistic,
Up To Date Printing
in all its branches.
Our Specialties:
Statements
Memorandums
Circulars
Envelopes
Note Heads
Letter Heads
Rill Heads
Hand Bills
Calling Cards
%
Business Cants
Law Briefs
Lumber Hooks
Bank Wurk
Promisory Notes
Receipt Forms
Share Certillcates
Assay Forms
Drugglits Labels
No Job too
LARGE
No Job too
Small
FOR   US.
East Kootenay Pub. Co.
Golden. B. C.
Manufaoturors of and   --������'- m
Douglas Fir,  Spruce and Cedar Lumber,  Siding and Flooring,
biiucnsioii Timber,  Cedar Shingles,   Fence Pout*,
Telegraph,  Telephone  and   Electric
Light Poles, Lath, Etc.
Contractors to the C.P.R. Ry.
The Golden Lumber Co.,
(Limited liability.)
S. BARBER,
���ECRETARY.
S. ADLER, Proprietor.
B. C.
First-Class in every particular.   Convenient to Railway Depot and BtoambMl 1
Rules Reasonable.   Free Sample Rooms. '  ,
Tb�� Train Car leaves Kootenay House, connecting with dteamer for Fort BtMU Miry
Monday and Friday after arrival of train from the west.
Headquarters for Commercial
and Mining Men.
TRAVELLERS-
For Home Comforts       e              e ���
Modern Conveniences   e             ��� ���
Best Cuisine in the West              ��� ��
Commodious Sample Booms         e ���
First-Class Brands of Liquors and Cigars ���
Go to the
Columbia Jfouse,
WM. McNEISH, Prop.
Headquarters for Mining Men.
^The Golden Sash and Door Factory
and Machine Shop���*
Manufacturers of:
Hush, Doom,  Moulriingfl, Turned Mnstere, Xewol Posts, Hand Rails 4 Brackets.
The Mnehine and Blacksmith Shop nro prepared to do all kinds ol repairing.   ,
All sizes of pipe-lltting and brass goods on hand.
All sizes of glasH in stock.
Wagon repairs, poles, shafts, axles, spokes and felloes.   Hickory and Maple plank.
HOUSTON AOO.
RUSSELL HOUSE,
-zssafc^Golden, B.C*
GEORGE  MEADE,  Prop.
-^Headquarters For--*,
Miners,  Prospectors  and  Lumbermen.
ISates $1.00 H\?ex Sa^r.
Boaki) & Lodging $5 Per Week.    First Clasb Bab.
Ian & Go,
Dry Goods, Carpets,
Gents' Furnishings,
Hats and Caps.
Mail Oders Receive   Prompt Attention.
CALGARY, Alta.
WANTED
A LOAN OF $3,600.00
To be secured by mortgage over one of
the finest farms in Kast Kootenay. It
contains 320 acevs, is Crown Granted,
and the greater portion is  under crops.
It has two ochards, both fruit bearinu.
The dwelling- bouse is a. substantial
one and has only been recently built.
For full particulars apply to
QEOBOE 8. McCARTER,
Notary Public, Golden.
International
Gold . . .
Mines  . .
Development Oo.
New York,   Chicago,
Spokane, Wavb.
CAPITAL STOCK 810,000,000.00.
Buy and Sell Mining Propertlet.
Furnish Money for Developmwt
IF-ure rFresli JDrnjLgrs at   3D- 2v��. C--A-L3DBR    c& Co'��-, 0-old.erL, B-C .'��� i
INING   DIVISION.
From Our Own Correspondent.
REMINISCENCES
OF OLD TIMERS.
AN   INTERVIEW  WITH   MR.   DAVE
GRIFFITH.
One   ot    East   Kootenay's   Oldeet
Timers.
David Griffith, one of the old pioneers
���who came into East Kootenay in the
year 181H remained and still is in our
midst, is one of 'the best known inhabitants iu Kast Kootenay. He is ntill engaged in tho mining business and formerly kopt a store near the old town on
Wild Horse Creek and possesses an immense fund of useful information about
tho district of East Kootenay. The
Miner had au interesting conversation
with him tho other day when he detailed
many reminiscences of the past certain
of which are now re-produced.
Mr. Griffith, as bis name denotes, is a
Welshman, and was born in the parish
of Kosally. near Swansea, in tbe County
of Glamorgan in South Wales. His
father m a fanner, und in Ms youth
being imbued with the spirit of adventure he did what a great many youths
have done���ran away to sea. Ho foi
lowed this sea-faring life for six years
when at the end of that time another
spirit of adventure took possession of
him and he ran away from the sea.
It was in the year 18-W that tbe big
excitement over iliscovcrv of gold in
California took place, and in thut year
Mr. Griffith arrived iu San Francisco in
the good ship "England" of Liverpool
with a. cargo ot Welsh coal. Although
the vessel was a sailing vessel aud only
curried a load of 1100 tons, she was considered a big vessel carrying a large
cargo iu those days. Tho gold fever was
too much for Mr. Griffith and live of his
friends ��� so they skipped for tho gold
minus. Tho excitement amougotherplaccs
was on Deer Creek on the Yuba, hut it
was general over nearly the whole of
California. Griffith and his companions
went up the Sacramento. Itivur iu a boat
and landed where tho present Marys-
ville is, at tho junction of tbe Father
und Yuba rivers and wintered at Hose's
liar, culled after John Hose, a Scotsman.
This was 20 miles further up the river.
There were no claims to tako up. "You
drove in a peg," he explained and "took
tip u piece of ground and went to work
with pan and rocker. We all shared
together and had ono purse in common."
Jn 1880 they went up the middle fork
of the Yuba and commenced placer mining there. They cut a race to turn the
water into it so as lo leave the bed of the
river dry. Tho operation was tooVhuch
for them. They got plumb broke, and
lost all tlieir savings, somewhere aliout
$800 each. This unfortunate undertaking burst them up and they dissolved
partnership, each one going his own road.
Mr. Griffith then landed at Downevillo
on the north fork of the Yuba. He got
there in August 1850, and made lots of
money. " I cleared," said he " $5,(100 in
aliout four weeks. 1 had a partner but
not one of the original live. He was an
Englishman 1 had met at Kose's liar.
He had a splendid piece of placer ground
und took me iu ns a partner. 1 left there
in 1851, ��� nearly broke, all my savings
gone, spent them as sailors ami miners
will spend money. I followed the excitement northwards. There were a
continued succession of new discoveries
which drew on the crowds but lie did
not strike British Columbia till June
1804. ''He was mining at Yreka when
word came of great discoveries at Uolso
llusin iu IdalfO. lie left with others to
go there, but when he got. to Waila
Walla' so great was the rush lor Boise
Basin that' bo decided not to go in, because -Hiople woro trooping there in
thousands, so be determined to try his
luck in 'British Columbia. He went in
alone. Humors had come of gold being
discovered on Findlay Creek in tlie
Kootenay distriot so he determined to
go in there. He spent his winter in
Walla Walla and then set out from that
place in the month of May 18(14. Ho
came iu with a pack train which waa
loaded with merchandise and was going
to a mining camp on speculation. 1'ro-
bably this was the pack train ordered in
by Bob Doro after ho struck the Wild
Horse. Tho route taken washy Spokane,
Bonner's Ferry und up tho Moyio Kiver
down to the Kootenay. The i>arty arrived at Wild Horse Creek. Gold had'
been struck by this timo and on their
arrival they found a camp of botwoen
flVo and six hundred people.. There wub
no ferry ovoi' the.Kootenay,   Tlie party
WARDNER.
ITS    GRI3AT    AND     RAPID
PROGRESS.
left the Moyie, crossed over St. Joseph's
Prairie, through Isadora's canyon and
struck tho Kootonay Hiver about nine
miles below the present town of Fort
toele. Tho horses were made to ewiin
across and a canoe took over (he members of the party.
Uu the same day that Griffith arrived
there also came in Mi. John T. Gal-
braith. He belonged to a different
party hut wus previously known to
Griffith on the other side. The two
parties encamped together on St. Joseph's Prairie and followed each other
in. ��� Three days afterwards a ferry was
put on the river and a trail cut
tojlUld from the ferry. Tlie ferry was
known as Galbraith's Ferry, but there
were three proprietors: John T. Gal-
braith, Mirron Moore and Colonel Keller.
Moore was one of tbe owners of the puck
train.
When Griffith got into the camp he
recognized Bob Dore as having seen him
at Walla Walla. He saw him and his
party leave but did not know where they
were going. No time was lost is commencing mining and he and tw. associates took up a claim, which was nearly
opposite Fisher Creek and about opposite his present residence on Wild Horse
Creek. Since then Griffith has remained
ou Wild Horse Creek anil seen all tbe
changes that have taken place on the
face of the country. There wore no
trails to speak of, far less any waggon
roads or steamboats. There was an old
trail on the Movie���the Boundary Com-
missson trail, which was constructed in
these days when the International
boundary line* was being determinated
between the .States and the Province,
and was tlie way by which the members
pf the Commission got in their supplies.
lie knew the Lieutenant-Governor when
he was constructing the trail in 18(15.
The changes have lieen great���the uprising of the, town of Fort Steele���the
building of waggon roads���the opening
of steam navigation.
Wild Horse Creek remained good for
many years but about the year 1870 it
began to drop. All the shallow diggings
were, wotked out and the Chinese were
acquiring claims. There were as many
as 250 Chinamen at one time in the
camp, now there are about lOOJstill there
engaged in mining. A big town sprung
up, which was called Fiehervillo., It is
now culled Chinatown. Tbere must
have been at lenst more than 1500 people
there at ono time. There were more
business houses thou than there are presently in Fort Steele.
The Gold Commissioner was Mr.
Haines, who came in August, 18(1*1. He
was succeeded hy Peter O'Reilly. Although he had an Irish name he possess-
u Saxon head. He came in in 18115.
There were a great many Commissioners. Mr. William Fernie was Gold
Commissioner for somo years. He was
first Constable, then Recorder and subsequently Commissioner.
Perry Creek Diggings wore struck in the
fall of 1808 or '(ill. They were nothing
like tho Wild Horse Creek diggings.
The liest claim would not average more
than (10 or $12 per day per man. The
Chinese worked there for ten or twelve
years, but the White diggers did not
continue long. Two seasons about played them out.
Then Weaver's Creek followed Perry
Creek, which was struck iu the summer
of 1871. Palmer's Bar and Moyie Kiver
were also struck about the same time.
But nore o[ theso diggings were up to
Wild llorso. For the cents that come
out of these diggings dollars would come
out of Wild Horse.
There are still placer diggings on
Weaver Creek and Moyie Hiver, but
they are heavy diggings aud expensive
to work, but will be worked when capital becomes more abundant and labor
cheaper.
" I have seen " said Griffith, the uprising of Fort Steele.. There was nothing
there until 1887, but a ferry and a lsttle
store; the principal trade being with the
Indians. The first hotel was built hi
1880, still existing, called Stcelo House.
Quarte mining has only comointo existence in the South part of East Kootonay within the last four years, and Fort
Steele did not practically exist until
then. It has grown with the quarts excitement and the quart-! discoveries.
N'o person had any desire for quartz
claims. Gold was all the desire. If
quartz did not possess gold it was considered ef no use. All this is now
changed.
There is no shadow of a doubt as to
the prosperity of East Kootenay with its
placer claims and its quarts claims. It
only requires transportation which it is
now getting and capital will soon flow in
when itfeccs the great wealth that can
ho acquiiml by a sure investment.
Ono of the Future Smelting Centers
of South East Kootenay.
The ropid development of the southern
portion of tlie great valley known as
South East Kootenay, is one of the marvels of the present time. Although it
has been known for years that it was a
country rich in mineral deposits, yet
owing to meagre transportation facilities
little has been done up to the present
time in the way of development. Since
it was impossible to transport the ore
for treatment, except at a cost that made
it virtually prohibitory. Men with capital had no desire to invest iu East
Kootenay mines, and there wus little inducement for the prospector to search
for claims that would remain worthless,
no matter how rich they might be.
The assurance of a railroad, however,
has changed the general aspect, and this
season has witnessed a degree of activity
in mining unknown before in this section. With tho assurance ol tho Crow's
Nest Pass railroad, and the permanent
location of the proposed route, there has
come an activity in town building that
is extremely remarkable. Towusites
galore have been surveyed along the
proposed line of road, and a feeling of
rivalry has arisen that bespeaks the
energy of the people intetested.
Among the towns that have come into
existence aB an adjunct to railroad building til rough Jtbia territory, is Wardner.
It is located on^the Kootenay river, at
tlie crossing of tlie Crow's Nest Pass
road, and has a future that is exceedingly bright.. The town is mimed after
James F, Wurdner, one of tho pioneer
mining men of thu Northwest, who is
interested in the townsite with Captain
Armstrong of Golden, and parties in
Toronto. The townsite is being handled
by Cralian & Co., of Helena, Mont., of
which Thomas Cralian is tlie leading
spirit. Mr. Cralian is a real estate man
of long experience, and possesses the
necessary ability and energy to make a
success of the work ho has undertaken.
That Wardner is destined to Im one of
the loading cities of East Kootenay is a
fact that ifl now conceded by everyone
acfiuaintcd with tlie conditions. It will
enjoy j_tho advantages of competition
rates offered by the railroad and two
competing lines of steamboats on the
river. It will lie centrally located in tlie
mineral djstrict, und convenient to tho
coal fields of the Crow's Nest Pass, '-and
these advantages makes this place an
ideal site for a smelter���ami this.foct has
interested capitalists iu that direction
already. It will lie tbe first town in the
whole territory to have the railroad,
which coupled with the advantageous location, and rail and river transportation, will make it tbe natural distributing point for Southern East Kootenay.
Another strong point in _favor of the
advancement of Wardner is the fact
that the C. P. K.'owns ^one-half of the
townsite, and is interested iu advancing
tlie town as rapidly as possible. The
effect of this copartnership in the town*
site has been quite noticeable since the
deal was consumated, and the crossing
at this point established. Capitalists in
Eastern and Western Canada and the
Statefl, liuve lieen investing in Wardner
property, as they consider it a mugniti-
cient field for speculation. New hotels,
business blocks and residences are being
built us rapidly as .the lumber can be
secured for their construction. Largo
stocks of goods aro being put in for the
heavy trade this whiter and next spring,
and on every hand great energy is being
displayed in preparing for tbe big boom
that will ue there this winter. Tlie price
of property is steadily advancing, although the townsite company, up to
the present time, has been very reasonable in its prices. The population is increasing, business iB improving daily,
and everyone is prosperous and happy.
The general Impression seems to be that
Wardner will be a great busy city by
next spring, and tbe people are securing
property anil getting into business to la'
on the ground floor. Evidently, Wardner is all riglit.
Fort Steele.
The construction of the Crow's NeBt
Pass railway Is being pushed bo rapidly
that it promises to be a record breaker.
Fifty outfits, employing 3,000 men are
working on tlie first 100 miles. ' About
ten miles of track has been laid and a
temporary yard put in at Lethbrikgo,
The station is being erected at McLeod.
Work on tbe storerooms and powder-
magazines at Sand Creek and Wardner,
B. C, has been completed, Grading
well up to tbe summit will he finished
by Christmas, and by that time the
trains will be running to Crow's Nest
Lake. In the mountains the maximum
grade Is one per cent, and tho maximum
curvature six degrees.���Tho Ledge.
T. Love, who has lieen developing tho
.Cariboo Marsh claim, situated (I miles
west of Moyie Lake, near Lamb Creek,
aud owned by tho Alberta and Kootenay Mining Co., came in a few days ago
with Borne splendid Bnmplcs of ore,
whicli is a blend rich in native copper:
assays show an average of 21 per cent
copper and $2(1 in gold. The lead measures 4 feet 10 inches wide, and is traceable for 100 feet. Mr, Love haB returned
to resume work.���Tlie Prospector.
Among the applications gazetted in
the British Columbia Gazette of lust
week for a call to the Bur and for admission as a Solicitor of the Supreme
Court of British Columbia are the names
of Messrs. Wm. li. Boss and 11. W,
Herchmer, Fort Steele. Their applications are dated 31st August, 1807.
A Grim Satire on American Liberty.
"If  I only had you in God's country
I'd  blow tlie top of your d d head
off." They were two {Americans, who
had got into a difference of opinion in
one of our Kootenay towns. This wus
the parting benediction of tt particular
son of freedom who had got the worst of
it. What a tremendous, though unconscious satire, ou tlie glorious institutions
of the " land of thu free and the home of
the brave." The shackles of law, order
and civilization aro. as galling to.thesc
children of American liberty us a pair of
breeches to a naked Kaffir. Nay more
they have a contempt for the people that
allows itself to he bound down by them.
These are the remnants of an effete monarchy, which every true citizen ol the
'* {airland of liberty " is bound to despise
God's country is tlie place where every
man is free to blow off the top of his
neighbour's d d head, none daring to
make him afraid. It gulls his pride to
know that if be makes any such necessary assertion of his personal rights iu
Canada, he will most surely be hung,���
Revclstoke Herald.
EAST KOOTRNA Y.OPPICIALS
East Kootenay's Mineral Produots
In 1606 What will They be In 1897?
The value of the mineral products ot
East Kootenay for 1811(1 amounted to
$154,427 and was made up as foil* wb
Itproducod 1054 ounces of gold which
yielded $21,076. Its produce of silver
was 73,700 ounces and it gave $40,443;
while its produce of 2,808,711 pounds of
lead yielded $83,903 making up tlie total
of $154,427.
In the year 1895 the value of its mineral product was only $17,575 and its
product was entirely composed of gold,
which was 878 ounces.
It is therefore safe to predict, that
from the mining activity that has been
going on during tlie past year and the
great strides that have been mode from
1895, that the value ol its mineral products for the year 1897 will exceed one
million dollars.
The " Minbii " office for neat, artistic
job printing. Mail orders promply at
tended to.
PERRY
Situated on Perry Creek,
25 Miles From Fort Steele,
East Kootenay*
m ������*���������**����������������� ���
7
IiOTS FOI
Minister of Mluo-t and Provincial Secretary-
Hon. Col. .lauit'.'i linker.
Provincial Miuersh.tfist --W. A. Carlylc.
Public Assayer���II. Cariulehiicl.
OOI.II COMMISSIONED!
For the Province���W. 8. (lore Vfrtorla
South District comprising Fort Hteele and Tobacco Plains Mining Divisloiw���J. F. Armstrong t'raiihrnok
N'urtit uistrUd comprising Donald-Ooldcn ami
Wliidermcro Mining DlvlsiollH-J. K. (irifllthi*.
 Donald
MINI-NU HKCOBDBM
.LHttrret Donald
F. i'. Lan* Golden
O. lioldfe Windermere
(���'. M.Kdwerds Fort Steele
M. Phillips Tobacco Plaltw
Deputy Clerk of the Peace for North Kant Kootenay Joaiah dtirrelt Donald
Deputy Clerk of th. Pcocu for Mouth Kant Koot-
cutty-Char lea 3l**��ey Kd wards.. .Tori Mcwte
FKKK  MIXEltS.
Extract* From British Columbia
Statutes  Explaining Fully tlie
Value and Necessity of a "Free
Miners" Certiflcatc��No Per-
son   Should  Attempt  Mining
Without One.
Any person over 18 yours of age, or any Joint
slock company, or foreign company, may become a free miner by paying (5 to any gold
commissioner or mineral recorder mnl outsin-
iiiK a certilieate good for one yeur.
A irce miner iiniy obtain a now certificate for
one lost on paying 11.
A tree miner's certificate is not tramderaH
Auy person or company working :i minora)
claim, hull) ua real caiiUu without license- may
be lined ^U. Mine* become real estate niter
crown grant has been issued.
Should co-owner fail to pay up his free minei
certificate ids Interest goes to bin co-owners pro
rula according to their former interests.
A shareholder lu a joint slock company need
nut be u free holder.
A free minor may claim 1600x1.100 feel.    But
all aiiKles must be right ancle- itud all uieusur
tnent must tie horizontally.
A free miner may cut timber on crown lands.
A free miner may kilt Rami' for his own use
at all seasons.
A free miner may obtain live acromtllsltotlp-
on crown lands in the lorm of a square
A claim may he held from -year to year by
work being done to the valuu of one hundred
dollars.
Two claims in oacli mining division, not nn
tlie sftinc vein or lode, nniy be licit), and more
than one on tha same vein If held by purchaser
l-udi.s discovered In tunnel may be held if recorded in 1"i days.
A free miner may on payment of J.'i. iu lieu oi
expenditure on claim, obtain a crown granl
Any miner may, at the discretion of i he gold
mimiwdoner, omul ~-i..i.. ��... - ...__
of'A) years.
commissioner, ouiuln a water right for a term
No transfer nf any mineral claim or interest
shall be enforceable unless In writing, signed
�� nd recorded.
No minor shall suffer from any act of omission
or commission, or delays on the part of the
government officials.
No claim shall be open to location during
last Ulneta* of holder, nor within U months
aftor hit death, unlet* by permission of gold
commissioner,
A mineral claim mutt bo recorded within 15
days after location, If within 10 miles of office
of mining recorder. One additional dar U allowed for every additional 10 miles or fraction
thereof.
IXKL'll. LAMB.
Work on each mining claim to the value of
|100 must be done each year from date of record of mineral claim. Affidavit made by the
holder, or his agent, setting out a detailed
statement of the work done must bo filed with
the gold coiumlssiousr or mining recorder, and
a certificate of work obtained, and recorded before the expiration of each fear from the date
of record of said claim. A free miner holding
adjoining claims, may subject to tiling notice
of Ids intention with the gold commissioner or
mining recorder perform on auy one or more of
such claims, all tho work required to entitle
him to a certificate of work for each claim. Tho
same provision applies to two or more free miners holding adjoining claims In partnership.
In lieu ot above work the miner must pay fluo
and get receipt ami record the same.
$75 to $150 Each according to
location.
'���������������*���*<>��������� *>**�����
<>��">**->')1>'*V>��*'��-��>��'*
mpw-uY. ����, m   One-third down, balunco in tlii-e;) and six
Js. Ulill-j .      m<m(-i,Sl without intercut.
Upper Columbia-
Navigation & Uramway
Co., Limited,  and
International Transportation Company.
Connecting witli the C. I". R, at Golden, B. C, and.
Great Northern Hallway at Jennings, Montana.
48 Hours to Fort Steele. Igffl
Steamers leave Golden Monday and Friday
evening on arrival of East bound train. Connections at Canal Flat with stage for Fort Steele and
Wardner.
The   Only   Quick   and   Comfortable   Route.
Address all express care of U. C. Co'y, Golden.
F. P. ARMSTRONG,
MANAGER.
CARLIN & DURICK
General Merchants
-FORT STEELE, B. O.
Miners Supplies a Specialty.
Agent for the California Giant Dowder Compay,
LEADING. HOUSE-
T
0
e
Fort Steel��, B. C
Choice Wines, 'Liquors and Cigars.
R. D. MATHER, Proprietor.
K5T TRAVELLERS HEADQUARTERS
The  Steele House.
First Class Brands of Liquors and Cigars o
Headquarters for Mining Men          o o
Commodious Sample Booms           o o
Best Cuisine in the West,     o          o o
Modern Conveniences          o          o o
Home Comforts.
D. McNEISH, Proprietor.
POET    STEELE,    B.   G,
o&.ci-vertise    im*    "THE       E-&.ST      ZESOOTEa^lV^Z"     IMIIZfcTEIS.." nv��<iL-^>'iii v-��t, .��� :s-*�� v,-b* ., MwrnM ft*W-r*sw��r M
ON THE ROAD
TO THE YUKON.
LETTER      FROM
GOLDEN
ONE    OF
BOYS.
THE
Gr-ir,hlo Description of -tho Scenes.
Lots of People Turning 3ack.
Mr, -lack Adleroi the Kootenny IIou.su
Golden, lins reeolved u letter front one
of l In' (iolileii Iiovh, Mr. Pan McKinnoii,
who left Golilon lor tho Yukon on 27th
July last to try liis luck thoro. Thu lut-
li'i- is ilatoil 18th August last and is writ-
I'-u fruiu Skagwny Buy, an estuary at
the head uf Lynn Cniml. It is frum this
point tliu White i'ass is attempted. Mr.
McKinnon writes most tersly and graphically, He got to Skugwuy Hay about
the 8th of August in tho steamer Danube,
Thoy had some difficulty in landing tlieir freight when crossing the
iioundary line, tho Captain of the steamboat had obtained permission from the
Commissioner, Mr. Smith, to land his
cargo! l'art of it bad been got out when
a revenue boat came up���ordered the
crew to stop aud tied up alongside.
Captain Moyors told tbe officials that
tiie only way they could get him to stop
would be to get a gun boat. Then says
Mi'Kbinoii "thoi'O was general hell for a
little while; but tbe cargo was landed.
He lias already met some of the other
<m|dui' boys whom he dcecrlbg as getting o.i tine.
lie describes Skagwny as a grent
town���a town of tents, with thousands
nf tons of freight piled all over. There
are till sorts and classes of people. All
kinds of grafters are here, hoboes, clubbers and sons of bitches. How the
freight is to be moved over the pass is
the great question of tlie hour. The
trail is a corker.
All conceivable ways for moving
freight are used, even oxen and dogs and
and lots of burros. There
freight piled on both sides of the trail
which puts one in mind of a snow path
shovelled out. There will be plenty of
people who will never get in this fall.
He bus been able to move his freight
about seven miles along tbe trail, and
all kinds of offers are made to get the
stuff moved through, lie has made a
bargain to move in thirty hundred of
freight fur four horses, and expects it
will take him ten days to get to the
summit. Tbe price of horses is from
$150 to $250. For an old plug he was
ojtcred $!-*0. Packers are receiving from
f5 to il'O per day and board. Fifty
cents per pound is offered to pack
through to Lake Lindermun which is -10
Utiles distant. He would not do it for
one hundred cents. He describes tbe
trail as very bad���soft in Borne places
and rocky in other places and lots of
dead horses lying alongside and more
dying or being killed every day. In two
Weeks it will be impossible to travel for
tbe stench.
lit Skagwny there are three saloons
but not doing much business as people
have no time to spend money; although
there is gambling of all kinds. There is
u Vigilanc.e Committee and one man had
already been ordered to quit tho place
and had departed by the first steamer
before he was hung, lie was a freighter
and had made un overcharge for hauling
the corpse uf a boy who had got drowned, lie was making with his teams all
the way from (100 to ��100 a day���but
whether for.hauling corpses Dan does
not say. One man had already lieen
shot for stealing but still there was
plenty of thieving going on.
There are plenty of people going back.
There aro lots oi poor people who have
got everything at Btako who will never
get over the pass.
In the conclusion of his letter he stated
that he bud got some ot his freight to
the foot of the summit, while Martin
(another of the Golden lioys) was on the
top of the summit. There is plenty ol
wood on the trail, but he would not
advise anyone to come that way at
this present time.
The Mixuit would recommend the boyB
to stick to Fast Kootanay and its bright
prospects for the future.
MINING  NEWS.
The Donald Dovclnpnuuit Co. have
abandoned their bunds on C. Bnlnos'
claim on Haiti Fountain, situated in
Donald Mining Division,
Messrs. Forest and Vyc, of Donald,
have sent two men tu do some work on
their claims on (lid's Creek, l'.lucwater,
ami if the prospect is sufficiently good
development work will at once be put in
bund.���Alberta Tribune.
R. O, Jennings, of Fort Steele, was at
Spokane the other day and gave the
following facts to the Spokesman-Review i "The recent discovery on the
divide between Wild llorso Creek and
Hull River is one of the biggest things 1
ever saw, 1 know the story sounds too
big to bo true, but it in an actual fact
that thee is a ledge of froe copper 160
feet wide bearing Bilver and gold, and
the latest nssny on the droppings showed
a valuation of $2111, of which $00 was
gold. It is only about three wcoks since
the llrst discovery was made by Fletchor
and McMillan, and there was a grand
rush nt onee. Tho ledge is staked
throughout the length of two and one-
half miles, The original locators think
they have a great thing and they will
S|iond $5,000 developing their property
litis wiiiter,   The locations Med at Fort' ol bur Province
Steele in the last thirty days ure the best
and tnosi Important in ihe history of
the camp," continued Mr. Jennings'.
" Among the largest of the discoveries
ure are a number of rich copper claims
on Bull River."
Otlior mining divisions in Kast Kootenay are preparing an exhibit of minerals
for tho Spokane Fruit Fair, which is held
between the 5th and 10th of October.
Golden Division, which isono of the most
promising divisions in East Kootenay,
should get up an exhibit worthy of itB
reputation. Thk Mixjsk will be glad to
take charge of tbe exhibit and Bee that
it is properly pluced. The superintendent of the mineral exhibits at the fair,
in writing to Thk Miskh, says: "1
regard your section us a very promising
one, and 1 um surj a display from there
will be a credit to our great mineral
Ir-'Us." It is to be hoped, therefore, that
miners and prospectors will bestir thorn*
selves and prepare a good collection of
mineral specimens.
Mr. Harold Gruuer, of Calgary, and
party have returned from a three weeks'
prospecting tour up the Columbia. They
prospected on both sides. On the east
side they went up Sinclair Creek and
found some line traces of copper and
malachite and brought in some good
samples. On tho west side they spent
some eight days on Bugaboo Creek and
saw some very line properties there.
They prospected up tlie middle fork nnd
found some very lino ledges strongly
marked with iron pyrites. They did not
cross the divide into Trout Lake District.
They found thu weather very cold in the
mountains, and snow was falling, which
made prospecting very difficult.
Mr. F. R. Perry, who has been out
four weeks prospecting, chiefly on the
west side of tue Columbia Valley and
mainly in the McMurdo country, has
just come iu. He has found and located
two good claims: tho Black Hawk
Crystal Creek,���a galena and copper
proposition; tho Copper Queen, on the
north fork of the Spillnmuchcne, which
is entirely a copper proposition. Mr.
l'erry also reports it to be very cold in
the mountains, with snow and ice, snow
storms being frequent, bitterly cold during tbe night and ice on the water in tlie
early mornings.
Budget  of   Interesting   Local  and
General News.
Mr. S. A. D. Bortrand of Winnipeg, is
spending a few days ut Golden.
Mr. S. J. Clarke, proprietor of the
Queen's Hotel, Calgary, is spending his
holidays here.
Tho wagon road through the Crow's
N*est Puss is now built to Elk river, and
in a few days more one can drive through
to Fort Steele. '    ������-
Twenty-two new locomotives are being procured for the western section of
the C.P.R., including two compound
engines for mountain work.
A harvest thanksgiving service will lie
held in the Presbyterian Church, Golden, next Sunday evening at 7:30
o'clock. Morning service us usual ut 11
o'clock,
A Court of Assize and General Gaol
Delivery will be held at Donald on Monday the 25th day of October, 18117. At
the same time and place the High
Court will hold a sitting for the disposal
of civil cases.
There is a large Celestial traffic from
China to the West Indies aud Soutli
America just now along the C.P.R. Xo
Icbb than four car loads of Chinese
coolies went through under bond on
Friday's eastward bound express.
The Harry Lindley Comedy Company
make their tirst appearance in the Oddfellows Hall on Monday evening next.
This talented company are highly s*iok-
en of by the Eastern press. They ought
to meet with a good reception in Golden.
Alee Smith has gone np to Golden to
take wises on Thk East Kootk.vay Miner, " Short" will be greatly missed in
football circles, particularly on the
Press team, and bis many friends will
wish him success in the East Kootenay
metropolis.-��� (talgary Herald.
Mr. J. II. Busman, Mining Engineer
of the C.P.R. passed through Golden by
Tuesday's Xo. 2 train on his way east to
Montreal. Mr. Siisnutn bus lieun down
iu South West Kootonay visiting several
mining central points, including RoSfl-
Innd. Mr. Susmnn has been wired for.
Evidently there is to lie a meeting of the
Directors in tbe near future.
Senator Geo. A. Cox was A pnssengor
on So, 1 going west nt thu bcgfnniug of
thin wook. He bus come like many
other legislators on a visit, to Britisli
Columbia to obtain some knowledge of
the vastness of our resources. Thk
Misku welcomes such visitors to the
Province. Next session there will be
more enlightenment and Intelligence in
the Dominion Parliament concerning
British Columbia, when the affairs of
its mightiest and wealthiest Province
are under discussion.
Last week the passenger trains going
west contained large numbers of the
British Association, who nre making a
trip to British Columbia. The majority
of the members go right down to the
const nnd return from there honiownrd.
A few nre making a more extended trip,
doing West and East Kootonay. The
parties are accompanied by Dr. Dawson,
Professor Rumsuy and Professor Mn-
coun. Tho members will take home
more enlarged ideas ol the iinportauvf! |
Seneral 7/ferchant
.ALEXANDER BLOCK.
Carries a complete stock of::::::    :
Dry Goods
Groceries
Boots & Shoes
Hardware
Furniture
Stoves, Paints, Oils and Window Glass.
Flour and Feed, Hay and Oats.
Miners Supplies including Ore Sacks.
j(gent for * ~ *
Phoenix of London �� other firs insuranca C's
Confederation Lifa Rssociation, Toronto,
Canadian Railway Rccident 'Insurance Co,
Reliance Loan ��*���>��� Savings Company,   ������
S.MWM>i
ermotj
GENERAL MERCHANT-
*   *   ��   ��   ��
Don't Forget These Facts:
MCDERMOT is showig the finest Mining Boot on earth.
fieDEHPT !:���_��.:';�� 6IGYCI.ES ���_**$
From $40 to $65 Spot Cash.
��  ��   ��  ��  ��
fflpflEtJflWT nas Just received a large consignment of tlie
VU\tUCl\\llV 1 Kickapoo Remedies. If you feel down in
the mouth purchase a bottle of- Sagwa. It will make you a
new man or woman (right up to date).
Redpath's Granulated Sugar is the best for preserving
Preserve Jars-all sizes at   EASTE^    PlJIGES.
G^ISTIE'S BISGUITS. ad km..,
New Jams and Marmalades just received.
OUR FANCY DRY GOODS
Commencing to arrive.   " Direct Import."
nJ^^t^Z Hoase Finishings
stock. We can quote prices that will astonish even the
closest buyer.
G.McDERMOT
WARREN'S STORE
���:In Golden, is>-
Tlie' Best Store
In East lKlootQ��i.e.y
FOR       ^-N
Miners & Prospectors Outfits.
--
A specialty is made of this line of business. A
complete list of goods always in stock. . *
WARREN'S other line of goods is unrivalled.
Provisions,   Hardware,   Hosiery,   Etc.
Every department is replete. A trial is only
necessary to become a constant customer. WARREN'S STORE is the foremost in tho district,
C. A. WARREN, GOLDEN.
The G-old-en dz E^ort Steele
Limited Liability.
Authorized Capital Stock
750,000 SHARES at the
PAR VALUE OF $1.00 EACH
Treasury Stock *m*m:
500,000   SHARES^
This is a purely local Mining Company, formed for tho
purpose of acquiring and developing properties in East
Kootenay, the richest part in British Columbia.
The management of the Company is in the hands of capable men who are right on the spot and are therefore able
to secure on behalf of the Company the best properties
available.
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF DIRECTORS:
Pres.:Tnos. McNaikiht, Esq., Financial Agent, Fort Steele.
Vice-President: Alex. Allax, Esq., Merchant, Calgary,and
S. Barber, Esq., Secretary Golden Lumber Co'y, Golden.
Treasurer: Alex. McQueen, Esqv, Manager Bell Telephone
Company, Calgary.
Secretary: Geo. S. McCarter, Barrister Golden.
There are no salaried officials in this Company. Tho promoters shares are pooled until tlie Company earns dividends. Experienced prospectors havo been engaged to
secure claims for the Company in tlie Golden and Fort
Steele Districts.
The Company posesses two of the most valuable mining
properties that exist iu East Kootenay: Tlie " Tinbaskot
Claims " on Kinbaskct Lake, in the Donald Mining Division and the Mercier Group at the head of Bugaboo Creek
in the Golden Mining Division. Tlie Company is developing these properties. They are unsurpassed in East Kootenay.
Tho company will also acquire and develop and sell- properties and handle others on behalf of prospectors and investors. ,,
The first block of 50,000 Treasury Shares is now nearly
exhausted. A second block of 50,000 will be shortly issued
at an increased premium.
For forms of prospectus, application for stock, and full
information apply to any of the directors or to
MESSRS. ELLIS & GROGAN, or to GEO. S. McCARTER,
Brokers Calgary. Secretary, Golden.
Bankers: Bank of Montreal, Calgary.
J. LAMONTAGNE,
Tonsorial Artist.
Geheral Dealer,        or
*m. Qff ffi^Tsr-
Everything; Strictly First Class.
Oppcwlts tlie KooUuur House,
Have Your Assays Made at
Walton's Assay Ope,
- gulden. B.C.
Font Ycaiih is CohWASo.
V5_

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