BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

East Kootenay Miner 1897-10-21

Item Metadata


JSON: eastkootmine-1.0081328.json
JSON-LD: eastkootmine-1.0081328-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): eastkootmine-1.0081328-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: eastkootmine-1.0081328-rdf.json
Turtle: eastkootmine-1.0081328-turtle.txt
N-Triples: eastkootmine-1.0081328-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: eastkootmine-1.0081328-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Devoted to the fl&ining Interests and Development of the District of EAST HOOTEflflY.
Vol. 1, No. 13.
Golden,   B.   C,   Thursday  October 21st,   1897.
$2.00 Per Year
.Addrbm:-1U)X 41) OOLDEK, B.C.
(lOUlKN,  B.C.
Fire, Life, Real En-tat e, lfousc Agents,
Alii'tloiiOLTM aud CiMtoiiin Brokers
Fire Agencies:
Queen, Lancashire1, 1'ulon, Hartford.
European Wsamsbip Ticket Ofllee.   ,
Tlie Sun Life Insurance Com puny.
The Ontario Accident Insurance <Vy.
The Klrbuek Investment und Loan Co.
H, L. Cummins, P.L.S.,
And Civil Engineer.
Fort Steele, B.C.
Thos. McNaught,
Mining Krokcr, Flnanrial Agent, Conveyancer
ami Notary Public,
Post office address; :
Asauy OOUcs mid
Chemical Laboratory,
(Est a M lulled 18W.) ���
For aevcral yearn with Vivian & Sons, Swan-
aca, and local representative for them.
For 8 voars manager for theassaversto thu
RIoTlntoCo., London.
Oanadiun representative of tho Ciissel (iold
Extracting Co. I.'td, (Jiasgow (Cyanide process.)
N.B.--AI1 work pcrsomtlly fiiiiierliitendeil. Only
coinpeteiit  men employeu.    So pupils   re
-:    Made   By    :-
. ME83RS
Bott & Embree
Vekh in Advance,
... i ��i
.... lino
... ISO
... 1 50
... ll��t
Hold snd silver	
Ind and Hllver	
Or-.il tL*��u*d by Cyanide 1'rm't*.".-;.
OtluT Fees on Application.
& Embalming
* Telegraph orders receive prompt attention *
Wedding Kings
A Specialty.
Calgary, - Alberta.
The Providenee par Go
Providence, lt.l.
wants all kinds of raw furs, skins, sin-
Mmg, soneoii, etc, Priced for noxt sixty
iluys tire us fQ)lo��*fi:
Silver Fox $15.00 lo $150.00.
Bear .' t 6.00 to ��� 25.00.
Otter * 4.00 tu ?   H.OO.
Martin * 2.00 to *  11.00.
Beaver (per pound).. .if 11.00 to $  8.80.
Wolf if 1.00 to $   2.00.
Red Fox.. t 1.00 tu *   2.00.
Mink *   .75 to ���   2.00.
Skunk .A f   .25 to j*   1.00.
<l ray Fox ., if   .50 to $    .75.
liat'. if   .20 to*     .25.
l'rii'o lilt.on nil other furs and skina
/iirnlahcd njion application. Full prices
ftnanuiteed, careful selection, courteous
treatment, nnd immediate remittance on
1)11 coiisijoin��'i)t,i,
I'rospt'i-tors and Miners having claims or Intercuts lu claims lor sale, could not do better
than communicate with
Mining Ilrolicr and Financial Agent.
lioj.tJEx mid Fort Htrklk.
Mr. John Itiillimin. U'lntleld Park, Thiinderbtll
will handle freight between Atlela, Mud Lake
and Kort Steele tun! retiirn. (i(H)its wurelious-
ed at both ends.   For rales apply to
Jas. Henderson,
riaim Prepared.
I'rompt attention given to orders.
A supply of Building Lime for sale.
H. K. Walton,
<^.GoIden, B.C.
Prick List ox Application.
The Golden
Fresh and Salt Meats.
Fish ami (iftiue In season.
Dealers lu Cattle, Hheep and Horses,
Mall orders receive prompt attention.
Hoot*, Shoe* und Hiiroi-mi
Itepulrcd promptly.
C, P. HUD0N,
Livery and
Feed Stables
���flood Saddle Horses and Itigs of All Kinds for
Hire at Reasonable Kates.
Teaming of All Kinds a Specialty.
Hamilton aud ftk-ulton,
Golden. B. C.
Confectionery and
Meals in nil hours in first class
stvlc. A choice lot of Jnins,
Jellies, Cigarettes anil Cigars
nlways In stock.
W. Alexanders*
C.P.1J. Wateb Inspector
Will call every week nt
MiDEKMOT'S    Store ���
Any.watches left there will be
Promptly and Properly
repaired at fair prices.
No Botched Work.
The Columbia House
Tin' Central Hotel Of Kiift Kootenay, nililwaj*
butween ilolili'ii anil Fort Sleek-.
fiooct Culslno. Cholee Liquors * Ooorl Stabling.
E. H. Small, Proprietor.
The Midnight claim ailfoining the
North Star has been bonded to Man
Mann. The consideration has not lieen
The rich vein of carbonates found on
the Xortli Star mine some weeks ago,
has now lieen struck ou the " Midnight "
claim adjoining.
Hnow is now heavy on the mountains,
und two feet is reported at tlie Ilnstou
group near the high divide between Kast
and West Kootenay. Major Cloliooy
intended to establish a winter camp
there but this heavy fall may prevent
supplies from going in.
A, special general meeting of the
shareholders of the Nip & Tuck (iold
Hydraulic .Mining Company, Vancouver,
iB to be held in the company's office on
the 8th of November- 18117, at 5:80 p.m.
for the purpose of considering propusals
for the disposal of tlie assets of the company, also proposals for leasing the property of the company. What docs this
mean? Has the company been so successful in its placer mining that it is now
going lo retire from business.
It is stated that the Channe (iold
Mining Company has this season dune
much good development work on the
Centaur group of claims in tlie Kast
Kootenay country, bonded by the Al-
lierta & Kootenay Development Co., to
the Channe (iold Mining Co. Tlie properties run specially high in copper and
assay returns are stated to have shown
values up to $250 a ton, most however
running between $25 and $50 per ton.���
B.C. Mining Critic.
Mr. II. I. Mackenzie, formerly suimr-
iutendent of the construction of Lake
Dauphin railway, and P. 0. Andrews
late manager of the North Star Mine,
arrived in Golden this week from South
Kast Kootenay. Messrs. Mackenzie and
Andrews have acquired the Midas group
on Boulder Creek from H. II. Brown.
The consideration is not disclosed. They
have other deals pending in Kust Kootenay. They are now on tlieir way to
West Kootenay to attend to some mining interests there.
Mr. Thomas A. Gregg a Toronto journalist spent some considerable time in
Kast Kootenay this summer and in a
recent interview with the livening Journal, Ottawa, extending over four columns
be expresses his opinions upon our prospects, our neighborhood and some of our
leading citizens. We re-produce some of
theso opinions:
There ure mineral deposits of great
richness according to reports sent in.
and there is this difference with conditions in West Kootenay. There is little
of the iron capping, the leads where
found are invariably wider than in West
Kootenay, much of the quartz is free
milling aud tiiere is placer gold in many
of the creeks, notably in Weaver creek
and thereabouts. Witli strongei lends
and of high grade ore easy to work it is
the opinion of many that more wealth
will be taken out of East Kootenay than
West Kootenay can furnish. The recorder at Golden, Mr. Frank Lang has u
collection of specimens which must
astonish those not familiar witli the
mineral wealth of liust Kootenay. They
are not picked siieciinens, but taken ns
they coma and they are from but a small
section of the province, yet they speak
to experts as -nothing else can speak.
Mr. Lung, who is it most accommodating
official, us indeed are all the officials of
the government I met In British Columbia, bus his specimens arranged in a
most attractive way, nnd information regarding any of thorn is readily obtainable
They ure from 120 mining claims in tliis
division, which takes iu the Columbia
valley ns far south as Windermere Lake,
over a hundred miles, and nearly twice
as wide. There we conic upon the gold
copper combination found only in the
west, of whioh there arc some very rich
deposits along Spilliniacheen creek und
elscwhore through this division. .Some
of the carbonates in Mr. Lang's collection go from 20 to 25 per cent gold,
while tlie azurite nnd peacock copper
carry from two to four ounces of gold.
There can be no doubt about the great
value of the district to the people. It
may take time to develop it, but the
mineral wealth is there and it must be
"Is  (iolden likely to become an important point?"
" If you asked that question in (Iolden
the answer would be in a decisive tone:
(iolden is au important point. It is the
starting place on the C.I'.U. for the Columbia Valley and liust Kootenay. The
steamers of tlie Columbia Hiver Navigation Company, the Duchess, llynk and
1'ert ply from here twice weekly for Can-
ul Kbit ou the Upper Columbia lake,
whence a stage line communicates with
Kort Steele. "Thence the steamers of the
same company communicate with Jennings, Montana on the Kootenay river.
The Columbia fleet is under the management of Capt. Frank Bacon, son of
Lieut.-Co], Bacon, of this city* the captain commanding the steamer Duchess,
a line comfortable craft. I went up tlie
river on the Pert with the captain in
April last, tbe lirst trip of the season.
He had somehow got possession of a
large Jubilee flag, the Jack with a picture of Her Majesty iu the centre. This
he hoisted at tbe fore, and with the picture of tlie good Queen Hying in the
breeze we steunied into Windermere on
April 27. Anyone who says that Captain
Frank Bacon of the staunch steamer
Duchesss did not break out aud fly the
Hist Jubilee flag on inland waters in Canada, this Jubilee yeur, can find plenty
oi opportunities of backing his opinion
at (iolden, which is a very proud town,
und for its population can show more
bicycles than any town in Canada
(iolden is ulso tbe headquarters of the
(iolden Lumber Company, one of the
largest concerns of the kind iu Britisli
Columbia, and there is a smelter there
which may blow in one of these days.
The place has several good stores, lirst
class hotels, and some pretty private
The Crow's Nest Railway, concluded
Mr. Gregg, means much to Southern
British Columbia, It means direct and
rapid communication with eastern Canada, whence merchants would rather
drUw their supplies than from the States
It means the Opening.up of probably the
richest mineral country in tbe world,
which will endure long after tlie Klondyke has retrograded into its former
state of arctic desolation and solitude.
It means population for liust Kootenay,
the growth of Agriculture ou the railway
and other lands in the Kootenay and
Columbia valleys���pleasant lauds filled
with happy homes and given to profitable industry, of which the whole country will derive benefit.
Quebec Capital In East Kootenay,
Mr. Thomas A. Knowlton of Foster,
Quebec, who represents a syndicate of
Quebec gentlemen, iu addition to acquiring tlie Black Prince has also acquired
the Sunday mineral claim at Ottertail.
This claim contains galena and copper
and lies close to the railway track, about
a quarter of n mile from Ottertail bridge.
The amount of consideration lias not
been disclosed.
Mr. Knowlton's syndicate has also
bonded the three mineral claims: Tlie
Little Brother, Moweli, and the Akclil
on the Blue Water in Donald Mining
Division belonging to Dr. Taylor and
others. Mr. W. R. Lindsay, London,
(Int., is associated with Mr. Knowlton's
syndicate in making the inspections and
carrying through the arrangements, The
syndicate intends to confine its operations to East Kootenay,
Bonded for $15,000.
Mr. W. G. Mitcliell-lniies, Golden has
acquired ou behalf of a Loudon syndicate in England, two valuable copper
and silver properties on Horse Thief
creek in Windermere division. The properties are the Old Chum and tlie New
Chum. The former was the property of
Tom Jones and the latter the properly of
John Jeffery. Jeffery has sold bis property out and out. The bill of sale discloses the consideration of one dollar,
but the actual price we understand is
something considerable us Tom Jones
has bonded his property to the syndicate
fur $15,000. Considerable development
work has been done on Jhese claims, and
also on the Pretty Girl which lies between the Old Chum and the New Chum
and is the property "of Mr. Mitchell-
Free Mllllna: Ore.
Tho Bald Mountain Mining Co. have
received returns from Victoria as to the
sample shipment of ore sent by tliein for
a test. The ore is undoubtedly free
milling and while the returns are not
made public we have assurances that tlie
ore in both the li foot vein and the hi
foot vein will pay a handsome profit.
Men will lie engaged all winter iu taking
out the ore and in thu spring a stamp
mill will be put in. The Mixkii Wishes
the Bald Mountain Co. nil possible
Great Destruction of Property--
Fortunately No Lives Are Lost
���Quick Work Clearing Up.
Another wreck ban occurred un tin* 0.
P. K., causing considerable damage id
rolling stock ami great destruction ui
freight. Tin; accident occurred hist
Monday morning uiul Uie facta ure
shortly then*:
Ahout half-past eight o'clock on Monday morning Conductor Jameson left
Hector witli u westbound freight (rain of
fifteen curs, Engineer Faweett having
hia hands on the throttle of engine 317,
whioh was pulling the freight. A frosty
mil, combined with a heavy load, Boon
put the train beyond control. It simply
slipped down the hill; brakes were useless and the train gut beyond the power
ol* the engineer. When once all hands
saw they could do no more, self-preser-
viition became the first duty and thoy
acted upon it and jumped between the
second and third switches, but before
doing so llrakemun Lang wont over the
train and tightened the brakes an extra
notch, taking great risks regarding hip
own safety. Fortunately no one was
hurt lH'yond a few scratches and bruises.
Tho train sped on. Xo whistle was
blown, consequently the third switch
was left open and the train rushed up it
at a tremendous speed for two or three
car lengths. Then the catastrophe took
place. The track gave way, tlie engine
rolled over between the switch and (lie
main track in a promiscuous fashion, not
a truck being left fastened���all became
loose and were huddled together. Four
uf tlie cars were smashed to pieces while
four others were badly damaged. Foi
about seventy-five yards trucks and
machinery wero imliedded in the sandy
soil of the main track bed. Machinery,
nails, horso shoes, milk cans aud stationery���tlie contents of the smashed cars-
were strewn nil around.
The wrecked cars consisted of two cars
belonging to the Union Tank line filled
witli oil; a refrigerator car; two machinery cars; two hardware cars, and a car
of way freight.
The engine fortunately is not much
damaged and most of the freight is
saved, with the exception of the oil,
which flowed freely.
Alt hands available were soon at work
and by 2 a.m. on Tuesday the track was
cleared ami ready for No. 2, which had
been held at Field.
Ran Away From Home���Bound for
the Far West and the Distant
East���-Return Sadder and Wiser.
Ernest Corson nnd Walter Dunne ure
not had boys, although they did run
away from their homes in Donald on
Monday, the 11th October, to explore
the wide world beyond the Columbia
valley. There was no reason for their
leaving their homes, except the boy's
thirst for the love of adventure. They
hud reached that age���H���when boys'
dreams of what manhood will bring are
most imaginative, and these had been
stimulated hy tlieir contact aud converse
with the prospector and miner.
Two horses (cayuses) hud to go to
���Tmphroy's ranche in tho Columbia
vti 1 ley to winter, and the hoys thought
they would undertake the task of taking
them without tho leave or consent oi
their owners. The. horses would be u
convenient means of locomotion to take
them so far out in the world. Mounting the cayuses they started out on thoir
expedition and reached Golden at nightfall, where they encamped until after
midnight and then pushed on up the
valley, with tlie moon's rays to guide
They reached Umphrey'sranche,which
is twenty-five miles from (iolden, and
there meeting Walter Dainard, who was
ou his way to his ranche, which is some
distance above Spillimacheen, they
thought they would explore tlie Columbia valley a little further south and they
pushed on with Dainard to his ranche.
Here better counsels prevailed, as they
were induced to retrace their footsteps
north in the direction for home, and
they next turned up at Carbonate,
hungry and tired. Charlie Cartwiight
supplied them with food and shelter.
By this time the novelty of adventure
hud commenced to wear off und Dunne
thought lie would postpone his expedition to the distant east to visit Maple
creek, near Medicine Hat, and Corson
thought there was no immediate hurry
in going west, as up mote expedition*.
would be starting for the Yukon until
Sleeping out iu the open, or under th��
bush, with no bed but the hard, cold
ground and uo canopy hut the stur-
spungled firmament above, and little or
no nourishment fur two days und nights
beyond thai derived from the creek and
the brook soon cooled their ardor fur
wandering, and they commenced to
realize that after all the was no place
like Home.
In this penitent condition they wem
fortunate in meeting Mr. Keyser aud
Mr. Jollffe, of Golden, at Carbonate, who
were returning from thu McMurdo district, where they had been visiting and
completing tlie work that is being done
on certain mining properties there.
They accepted Mr. Keyser's kindness
and advice and agreed to go home, and
return to Golden. They'arrived in
(iolden on Tuesday night and spent it
partly in a Chinaman's shack and partly
in the warehouse and oHices of the
Upper Columbia Navigation Co., tlieir
timidity preventing them from going to
Mr, Keyser's hotel, where he had desired
them to come, as Hearing home conscience was pricking. As soon as il was
ascertained they were in Golden, telegrams were at once sent tlieir pa rent a
informing them where they were and
the boys returned to their homes on
Wednesday not much the worse of their
adventure, not sadder but wiser boys,
with their lirst lessons learned in tho
great school of experience.
Perry Creek Properties.
Tbe results of the experiments ou
l'erry creek properties with the stamp
mill brought in by Osier, Hammond A
Co., are, wo believe, far from satisfactory. ' Auy traces of gold are on the surface and paying quantity is not found as
depth is attained. It Is rumored thut
the iHiuds by Osier, Hammond & Co.,
will not he takon up on the Sherwood
claims aud other properties held by
them under bond. l'erry Creek attracted great attention in the end of last
year, and for some time it was the
Mecca to which all prospectors coming
into South Kast Kootenay flocked. It
is to be hoped there are some good properties there, but we shall await with
some anxiety the result of development
work that is proceeding mi other claims
in that locality.
In the early seventies there wag a considerable rush to Ferry creek nnd a big
mining camp there, where a large
amount of placer gold woe obtained, so
we are hopeful there should he somo
good quartz claims. It is not to lie expected thut nil claims und all districts
are to be equally fruitful in the rich
mineral wealth.
A Good Shewing.
Foreman McGrath and his men came
down from Lcanchoj] this morning having been forced to quit Work for the
season on the Channe Mining Co.'s
claims there owing to the depth of snow.
They report a verv heavy fall of snow
during the past week which rendered it
very dilHuult to get from tlieir camps to
tho claims, Tlie work which theysucr
ceeded in doing consisting of two tuge
open cuts on the vein shewed most satisfactory results and Mr. McGotlth says
thut beyond all question the (iolden
Hope and Book Host ure splendid properties, He brought down some magnificent samples of quartz and grey copjmr
of which tbere is an abundance. Work
aill he resumed in the Spring us soon us
the snow is gone.
The Black Prlnco Sold.
A. W. Logan has sold to Mr. Knowlton, through tho agency of W. H. Lindsay, thu Black Prince claim situate on
Logan creek in tho McMurdo district,
Somo development work wus done this
year witli most satisfactory results ai.d
the claim is believed to be a promising
one. The eousideratiuu is reported to
be ^2000 cash,
Sir William Van Home in nn interview nt Vancouver said it wm1 the intention ot tlie C.I'.l;. to have a line of
steamships running from Vancouver hi
connection with the Klondyke trade.
This service will be superior to any
other aud will be established in the
spring. ^umtm-	
Tlie Supreme Court have upheld tho
constitutionality of Um British Columbia
Chinese Kxclnsion Aet and the Duns-
iiinirs will now have to employ white
George M. Pullman died suddenly of
heart disease on Tuesday. His estate im
estimated at $50,000,000, Uhe nfiner.
A Wcoltlv Journal, published every Thursday
fa tha Interest ol tin IStisl Kootenay District,
jiiiikhuf closest eonuectlous with nil trains and
mail routed,
EWJlSL'ttirTtOX RATES : By mail or carrier
j_',(X�� pur year In advance,
ADVERTISIXC1 RATES; Display ads.njsopor
poluuui lueli, fI.U0 pur column inch when ���������-
(wrteilon thu title page i legal ads, 10 cents pur
(nonpareil) Hue Ior ilrsi Inset'iion- is corns pur
Jlno Kir each additional iii-eriion ; reading
polices u cents pur line each Insertion.
Changes of mis. miisl ue In office not later than
Rlrth, marriage and death notices inserted
JOB DEPARTMENT! Our Job Department
UtJiu Ust eiiulpped printing ofllee in Baal
Koi.icni'.v flnu is prepared to do neat, artistic
printing at a reasonable prlue. One price to all.
:,i ill orders roeefvii proiupl .iticnilon.
COR'tEBI'ONDENTS: Wo invite porrespmt
tletit'i ni any subject <>( Interest la the general
piddle and desire a regular correspondent ��i
cv-ery point In the District, hi all case- the
l,o��a fide name ot writer lulls! aouompuny tlio
piuuusi rlpi, cot iiccn-uiily jnr publli aiimi
LMtasa gimmuteo of good faith,
Corrospon lenoe with reference to any mutter
that has up -ed In anotlior pi* per must Ural
bu offerod to that paper *".- publiOHtlun butoru
It cuii appear in "THS MlNKIt."
Ad-lrus* All communications
Golden. B.C.
TiH'ilSDAY, OCT. 21,  1807
The Capo Diamonds and the Yukon
Thirty years ago di.-imonds were discovered in South Africa. Mure than
.*r>00,(XfO,000 worth annually aro being
dugout there now.
Though the diameter of Uie earth
PCpnrnteu them, though one lies toward
the south pole and the other toward the
north pole, and well nigh a generation
of time divides their discovery, yet, in
more than one phase, is there a similarity between the early history of the Kim-
berly diamond Iields and the Klondyke
gold fields.
In each case the aborigines knew of
the existence of the precious substance
Jong before news reached civilization;
in both first discoveries were made
along watercourses and natives rendered
Jielp in the development of the two
regions; both were barren sections and
remote from the haunts of civilized man.
Tlie early miners iu Africa and Alaska
experienced terrible hardships,
One evening of March, 1K(17, John O'Reilly, tired with a day's hunting for
game on the other side of the Vital river,
sat resting in the farm house of Schalk
van Xeikerk. His attention was attract-
��� ed to a shining stone among a lot with
which the children were playing on the
table, and which they hud picked up
along the river. It wus given to him.
He sent it to Grahumstown. There it
was pronounced to be a diamond,
weighinh 21Jj^ carats, and bought for
!*2,5U0. Thus were tho South African
diamond fields discovered.*
For nearly two years after this no
diamonds of any account were found,
nnd people began to think the African
ftorics were a fake', when a Hottentot
shepherd, in 1SC0, brought a diamond to
Mr. Ger's store and wanted for it $1,000
in goods. The clerk, being alone, did
not wish to take the responsibility of
making the trade. The Hottentot passed on to Nejkerk's. Here lie wanted
��2,000 for it. finally Xeikork traded
him live stock which ho estimated at
that figure. Peon afterwards Nelherk
sold tlie diamond for ��50,000. It weighed SSJ'a carats, and in less than a year
brought $125,000. It was the famous
"Star of South Africa" diamond, and
now belongs to the Countess of Dudley's
collection of jewels.
During July, of 1870, three young fellows, returning from an unsuccessful
prospecting trip, sought the fihudeofa
few bushes on a lijtle knoll. Kesting
there, they found, accidentally among
the gravel and sand, diamonds. This is
the identical siteof the Kimberly mines,
information of the lucky find spread and
instantly attracted great throngs. The
diggings were called " New Uush."
P��y government proclamation in 1S74,
three of thesediggings were called mini's
grid named respectively Dut tot spun, De
.Peers and Kimberly. New Uush,
changed to Kimberly, was named after
J,ord Kimberly, who was then England's
secretary of the inferior for the colonies.
Jlultlontein was declared a mine in 1882.
These four uie the principal diamond
mines of Africa.
lu 1872 there were more than 10,000
pien who had au IntoresHn some part of
these four mines. Uy 1885 an amalgamation process had reduced those by us
Separate companies. The De Heers
Mining Company, which controls them
now, was founded April 1.1880, with a
Capital of $1,000,000. Tive years after-
wu.ids its capital was $4,200,000. In 1887
its long struggle ended, for its object was
attained, viz., a controlling interest in
ail the mines. The next year its capital
was ?11.000,000 and itB dividends 25 per
rent. It then took the name of the De
Beers Consolidated mines, Limited.
It is only within a few years that it
was known that the streams and tributaries of the far distant Yukon were
known to contain gold and one year has
jiot fled since its marvellous wealth became known. The discovery of its
wealth was. sparcely a matter of accident,
as it was suspected that gold in quantities existed there, nnd prospecting disposed it.    The Yukon product was the
skins of fur bearing animals and a yearly ;
trade was carried on over this vast]
region by the Hudson's l.ay Company by
means of its posts scattered at wide intervals, some of which still exist in
! name.
i    The amount of wealth that has been
j already taken out of this comparatively
' cold, barren and inhospitable region is
' almost fabulous.     Hundreds of millions
' of dollars, already nearly us groat as the
| amount taken  from  the  Wild  Horse
i creek, Kast Kootenay,in the lirst rushes
of the early six'j-'s.     The wealth seems
' to he exhaust [ess, at least it is clear that
it will be some years ere the rich placers
become exhausted, or else the Dominion
Government would never have expended the money which it has done upon a
permanent administration and occupation of this territory.
Mr. William Ogilvie, D.L.S. of the
Ceological Btisvoyof Canada, spent the-
winter of 1887-88 in the nelgnborhood of
this region, but further south than
where the present great discoveries now
exist. He is therefore no mean authority on this subject and he is reported to
have recently fluid in u newspaper interview when discussing some of the locutions that one hundred claims ou Bonanza and forty on Kl.lorado will yield,
before they nre exhausted, something
lilte $(',0.01)0,000. Uut in addition to
those a vast unexjiloied region awaits
the hardy minor, and Ml*. Ogilvie fully
expects that cijually rich returns may be
looked for from it. lie estimates that
the greater portion of work will be done
within the next ton years; but, he says,
there is every indication thut placer
mining will he carried on, presumably
on a high-paying basis for at least twenty
years. And all this, he it remembered,
without touching the ipiartz mining,
which is to succeed the hydraulic operations.
The question may now arise whether
there will emerge a Khodes or a Bert
who will have tlie talent aud intellect to
consolidate and amalgamate the different
placer diggings into one high company,
and thus practically control the larger
portion of the world's output of gold.
Tho output of gold from this region for
many years will be greater than that
coming from all the other different
known sources in the world.
Why the Term Is Applied to Sources
of Uncommon Richer.
El Dorado is the term now heard on
every side in connection with the placer
mines of Alaska and tho Northwest
Territories of Canada. Its derivation is
of interest. In the fifteenth century it
was rumored thut there existed i:i the
northern part of South America a city of
great wealth called Munca, whose king,
121 Dorado hy name, was periodically
smeared with gold dust, until his whole
body had a gilded appearance. It wus
said that on theso occasions hu threw
gold, emeralds and other precious metals
and gems into a sacred lake, in which he
afterwards bathed.
Beginning in 1582, the Spaniards sent
many large expeditions to search (or this
phantom city, nnd most of them ended
disastrously, hundreds of lives being lost.
One explorer, Orel hit) o, averred that he
found Kl Dorado in his voyage down Ihe
Amazon, in 1540. This was disproved,
but the search was continued down to
the eighteenth century. Some of the
results were the conquest and settlement
of New Grenada, tiie making known to
the world of the mountain regions of
Venezuela, the discovery of the noble
rivers, the Orinoco and the Amazon, and
the exploration of the vast forests west
of the Andes. Aliout the end of the
sixteenth century fin English expedition,
either sent out by or under the personal
leadership of Iiulelgh, penetrated into
Guiana, thereby obtaining a claim on
that country, which has resulted in the
acquirement of tho modern British
colony of that name.
It has been supposed that the origin
of the fable arose from the yearly
celebrations ot a tribe of Indians near
Bogota, whose chief wus on these occasions gilded with gold dlist; but this
ceremony was never witnessed by tlie
Spaniards, and the story may Simply be
another version of the Kl Dorado myth.
The name Kl Dorado was commonly
used to describe the city or country which
wus the object of the search, but a later
usage of the term has been its figurative
application witli regard to any region of
more than common richness. Kl Dorado
county, In California, was the scene of a
famous gold lind in 1840, und since then
tbe expression has lieen used to describe
many gold camps,���Pittsburg Commercial Oazette.
Antiquity of Gold Mining.
Gold wus probably tbe first metal observed and collected, because of the
instinctive understanding of its intrinsic
value. About it superstitions grew, religious and ceremonious rites,and strange
crimes were committed for its possession
in the days when it waB believed that it
was of sueh stuff that the sun itself wus
made and the halls of Valhalla paved.
Hock paintings and carvings in Egyptian
tombs earlier than the days of Joseph
indicate the operation of washing auriferous sand, and a subsequent melting
in furnaces by the aid of blow-pipes.
Less than 20 years ago the old mines of
Xuhia, so graphically described by Dio-
dorous. woro rediscovered on the. shores
of the Red Sea, together with a line of
ancient wells across the desert; the un
derground workings were ore veins
which had been followed with the pick,
the rude cupelling furnaces for assaying,
picks, oil lamps, stone mills, mortars and
pestles, inclined washing tables of stone,
crucibles, and retorting furnaces of
burned tile, by which the entire process
could be traced. Here slaves and hapless prisoners of war exchanged their
life blood for glittering dust to fill the
treasuries of their captors. In India
and Asia Minor the powdered ore was
washed down over smooth sloping rocks
and the gold was caught in sheepskins
sunk in the stream. It was literally a
golden fleece that Jason brought back
from tho Caucasus. Further north, and
following the eastern foot hills of Mount
Ararat to the southern slopes of the Ural
Mountains in Russian Siberia, where
last year millions were taken out of the
old mines, the ancient Scythians broke
up rock and gravel with copper implements, scraped out the glittering dust
and nuggets with the fangs of wild hoars,
und carried their gain uwuy in bags of
leather. All through this region miners
of to-day know that ono of the Scythian
pits, 00 feet deep in the gravel, and
shaped like a well, thu remains of
thousands of small furnaces of burned
clay testify to the long period over which
the workings of the
}.  F. PUGH'S
ng period over wllicl
ie mines extended.���
" Klondyke or Bust."
The latest thing in the Klondyke line
is a puzzle calculated to make a wooded
Indian weep or drive a man from home,
It is innocent-looking in the extreme,
and quite attractive, but it is as hard to
leave as a poker game to a man who has
previously taken his bat off to a white
mule. Two little shot, one representing
a miner and the other a chunk of gold,
and a map of Canada and the treasure
lands, is the combination which keeps
a fellow up all night and drives him to
drink ;n tho morning. Tho idea is to
send the miner to the Klondye and bring
him back with the gold. Pitfalls, dark-
holes, wolves nnd snow storms beset
him, and the actual trip to the promised
land is hardly a more difficult undertaking.
The man who claims the rights of the
puzzle is a wild-eyed Chicago man, who
says he dug the device out of tho ice-
lwrgs in Dawson City���Chicago Inter-
will Postpone His Trip.
J. Vi\ Scott, who started for the Yukon
with a newspaper plant on tlie ill-fated
steamer Eliza Anderson, has returned to
the Paget Sound cities, having abandoned
tho attempt to reach Dawson City this
year. He hid not fancy St. Michael's as
a winter resort, as that is where the
Anderson's passengers will have to
spend the cold season. Mr. Scott will
start for the Yukon again in February,
going by way of Teslin lake.
Gold . . .
Mines  . .
Development Co.
Now York,   Chicago,
Spokane, Wash.
CAPITAL STOCK  810,000,000.00.
Uny mid Sell Mining- Properties.
Kurnixh Money for Development
East Kootenay .Mining Stock List.
NAXK OP Coy. I Capital.   I'ah Valve sell V
���rj.ooo.ttio I      fi.oo     I   150
Till'Mil lIMls
(.'.�� II. fu. !
i Tils KiiKHMitiv
1    ("liOiiMAH'
' Uiililen * Kort |
!    Steele II Co,  I
1 Alberts-t K'l*
i). ry
Hunt Kooteuay
,'c Elk ItlviT
Milling Broker,
��   ��   ��   .
Value is one tiling
SuU.ti'itctioii is another
Ynii got bulb by buying "four DI1V OOOPS
Price Lists and Samples for*vnn;-.-il on applied*
@   ��   ��
Mail Orders Receive
Prompt Attention.
"-VAT THE"**-
Hudson's  Bay
CALGARY,    ���    ALTA.
J.   F.   PUGH,   TAILOR,
Minister of Mines am! provincial Secretary���
lion. Col. Jiiiiit'.s linker.
Provincial Mineralojclst���W, A. ('arlylo.
Public Assayer���Ii. Cttrmtunattl.
Knr the Province���W. H. (lore Victoria
Hontli District comprising Fort Steele awl Tobacco Plains Mining Divisions���J, F. Arm-
Htroiii; C'ran brook
North District comprising Donald, Golden ami
Windermere Mlliliitt DiviKions���J. E. Griffith!)
,r, stirrct Donald
F. C'liung -. Oolihili
ti. Ctoldlo Windermere
('. M. Edward* Fort Steele
M, Phillips Tobaceo Plains
Deputy Clerk of the Peace for North East Kootenay Josiali Stlrreti Donald
Deputy Clerk of tliw Peaeu for South East Kootenay���Charles Mansey Edwards... .Fort Steele
Extracts From Britisli Columbia
Statutes Explaining Fully the
Value and Necessity of a " Free
Miners" Certificate-No Person Should Attempt >Iinhi��
Without One.
Any person over 18 venrs of ape, may he
coinu h free miner by paying $6 to any gold
commlf-aioner or mineral recorder nnd obtaiu-
iiiK a certificate good for one year.
A free miner may obtain a new certilieate for
one lost on paying fl.
A fret; miner's certilieate is not transferable.
Any person or company working a mineral
claim, held aa real estate without license, muy
be fined }'->��� Mines become real estate after
crown grant has lieen Issued.
Should co-owner fail to pay up his free miner's
certificate his Interest goes to his co-owners pro
rata Hceording lo their former interests.
A shareholder in a joint stock company need
not be 11 free miner.
A free miner may claim l-'00xl'>00 feet. Hut
all'nugles must be right angles aud all mcasitr-
ment must bo horizontally.
A free miner may cut timber on crown lands.
A free miner may kill game for his own use
at all seasons.
A free miner may obtain five acre millslteupon crown lands in the form of a square.
A claim may bo hold from year to year by
work being done to tbe value of one hundred
dollars. '
Lodes dt*COYercd in tunnel may be held if recorded In 15 days.
A free miner may on payment of fiUO, In lieu of
expenditure on claim, obtain a'crown grunt.
Any miner may, at the discretion of tiie gold
commissioner, obtain neeeiisurv water rights.
No transfer of any mineral claim or interest
shall be enforceable unless in writing, signed
and recorded.
No minor shall suffer from any act of omission
or commission, or delays on the part ot the
government officials.
Xo claim shall be open tn location during
last illnesss of holder, nor within M months
after his death, unless by permission of gold
A mineral claim mu.u be recorded within 1-1
days after location, if within 10 miles of office
of mining recorder, One additional day is allowed for every additional 10 miles or traction
Work on each mining claim to the value of
|100 must be done each year from date of record of mineral claim. Affidavit mude by the
holder, or his agent, setting out a detailed
statement of the work done must be (lied with
the fiold rommlasionsr or mining recorder, and
u certliicute of work obtained, und recorded before the expiration of each year from thu date
Of record Of Maid claim. A free miner holding
adjoining claims, may subject to lilliic uolieu
(dlils intention with the gold commissioner or
mining recorder perform ott any one or more of
such claims, all tbe work required to entitle
him to a certilieate of work for each claim. The
same provision applies to two or more free niin
era holding adjoining claims In partnership.
In lieu of above work the miliar must pay |100
and get receipt and record the same.
Canadian Pacific Ry
Direct mil route to
Montreal & Toronto
and all Eastern Points.
Lake Koutc to the East���Sailings from
Fort William.
Alberta Every Tuesday to Windsor.
Athabasca..,, Every Thursday to Owen Sound.
Manitoba Every Sunday to Owen Sound.
Connecting tains from Gold?n at H!:,_ii every
Monday, Thursday and Saturday.
Dally and direct service to
Kaslo, Nelson, Sandon,
end all points in the fur famed Kootenay
nnd Silvery Blocun.
To China and Japan
From Vancouver
Empress India Und August,
New Zealand,
From Vancouver
Apply for Particulars to
..8th August
C. E. WELLS, Agent, (iolden,
Traffic Manager, Winnipeg,
lolto Iiflflto Co.,
ManufaoturQi-o of and D���I'-rnln i*.,**-n
Oouftlas Fir,   Spruce und Odur I/.imln*i*,   Siding and Flooring,
Dimension Timber,   Cedar Shingles,   Fence Posts,
Telegraph,   Telephone  and   Electrie
Light Poles, Lath, Etc.
Contractors to the C.P.R. Ry.
The Golden Lumber Co.,
(Limited Liability.)
S. ADLER, Proprietor.
GOLDEN,    -    -    -    B. C.
First-Class In every particular.  Convenient to Railway Depot and Bteamboat Landing.
Hates Reasonable,  Free Sample P.ooms.
The Tram Car leaves Kootenay House, connecting with Steamer for Fort Steelo every
Monday and Friday after arrival of train from thu west.
Headquarters for Commercial
and Mining Men.
For Home Comforts      o ��
Modern Conveniences   a' ��
Best Cuisine in the West. e
Commodious Sample Rooms e
First-Class Brands of Liquors and Cigars
Go to the
Columbia jffouse,
WM. McNEISH. Prop.
Headquarters for Mining Men.
<OThc Golden Sash and Door Factory
and Machine Shop.^-*
Man uf actu rers of:
Sush, Doors, Moulding!*, Turned Uiiliutnn", Newel Pouts, Hiiml Rails & Brackets,
The Machine and Blacksmith Shop are prepared to do all kinds of repairing.
All sizes ol pipe-fitting und brass goods on hand.
All sizes of glass in stock.
Wagon repairs, poles, shafts, axles, spokes and felloes.   Hickory and Maple plank.
^a^Golden, B.C.
<-*>.Hea(lqtiarters For-***.
Miners,  Prospectors  and  Lumbermen.
lESates $1.00 ^er 13e*ym
Board & Lodoino $5 Per Wekk.    First Class Bar.
A�� Allan & Go.
Dry Goods, Carpets,
Gents' Furnishings,
Hats and Caps
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
East Kootenay
Supply Store,
WINDERMERE,   B.O ������g-^N
Groceries, Dry Goods & General Merchandise.   Miners'
Supplies a Specialty.
Windermere Hotel,
James A. Stoddart, Prop.
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars.   First class accommodation.
F-UsEQ WFxemln. E>:ru.��;s at   30- 3*v����� CA-XjIP^��3   <Ss Co'��., Q-q1$.gx��7 B.C.
. j_ mcvwataag i
300  Claims  Send Exhlblto to the
Spokane   Fair.
The llritisli Columbia exhibit at the.
Spokane fruit fair h1iov,-h a wonderful
variety anil gives a fair idea of the great
mineral resources of the province. The
arrangement is much better than last
year, and those who visit the exhibit
gain a fairer knowledge of the value and
quality of thu ores than was possible in
previous exhibitions. About one-third
of the space in tlie mineral display is
occupied hy the ores of llritisli Columbia.
In the opinion ot many exhibitors the
exhibit from South Kast Kootenay excels
all others in completeness as well its in
the neatness of display. Thero ure about
two tons of mineral in the exhibit, showing gold, silver, copper, lead, and coal
from the Crow's Xest puss.
The exhibit is in charge of Mr. A. 11.
Grace, editor of the Fort Steele l'ros-
jieetor, and to his energetic efforts the
success of the display is largely due. He
has had the active co-operation ot the
licoplc Of the district generally, showing
that they are alive to the needs of the
district and the benefits that will arise
' from such a show of mineral products.
Waving above the display are tho Hags
of Great Britain and the United States,
fittingly indicating that the properties
represented are being developed by
international effort. Among the many
objects of interest- is the large glass vuse,
filled with ores, with the British ensign
and the words " Fort Steele, B.C.,"
showing on the 6ide, worked in the
the various colored ores, all of which
were collected in the district. Close at
hand are vials containing about thirty
different kinds of concentrates and ISO
smaller vials containing pulp and concentrates.
Two huge blo*ks of coal from the
Crow's Xest puss are also a feature. Mr.
Grace says that the coal is almost
entirely free from foreign mutter and
produces the llnest of coke. He had
samples of the latter to show us proofs
of his assertion, (mt they liuve all been
curried away by visitors.
About two dozen photugraphs aptly
illustrate the progress of the district and
the work that is being done nn the mines.
One view shows the oro sheds of the
North Star mine, in which 5,000 tons of
ore are stored waiting for the coming of
the railroad.
Sir. Grace carries in his pocket several
small vials, one of which contains gold
to the value of $1.0-1 washed out of one
panful of dirt from a placer claim on
Wild Horse creek a short timo ago.
Another vial contains hundreds of assay
buttons, which Mr. Grace thinks good
evidence of activity, as they arc the
result of less than two months' work in
one Fort Steele assay olllee���-and there
arc others.
In the exhibit 1112 claims are represented. The famous North Star mine
has a prominent place, with large samples
of galena and carbonate of lead, aud n
beautiful specimen of native silver, having a value of (10. This specimen shows
lined crystals and Is much admired.
The Dibble mine has about 200 pounds
nf rich antinionnl silver ore that assays
high in gold and silver. Tho Coronudo
group, the great discovery made during
the past season, shows somo choice
specimens ol grey copper. Tlie fame
that this discovery has attained leads
many to seek its ores the lirst thing upon
entering the building.
Ked Mountain, Badger and l'erry
ercok ores are represented by about 200
pounds nf gold quartz, and tho Burton
���nine makes a showing of large specimens of Coppor curls-antes that carry 34
jier cent cupper.
The St. Kugene mine has on exhibition several huge blocks of galena that
uisays fltl ounces in silver und 70 per
cent. lend. Also from Moyie lake arc
samples from the l'cter, Lake Shore, Fru
Diavolo and ten others.
Lewis creek makes a great showing
with ores from the Lucky Boy, Stem-
winder, Minnie M. group, John 1..,
Copper King, Lady Ann group, Star,
Hill Xve, Klondyke Xo. 2, and 30 others.
From Tracy creek are samples from
tho Kstolla, Golden Fleece and aliout 20
others, and Lost creek shows, besides
the Dibble ores, the Emerald, Percy,
Keystone and Richmond Hill.
Weaver creek shows u single specimen
Irom the Prospector's Dream, a mine not
unknown to fame. The pincers of Wild
Horso ereok were not overlooked, and
gold is shown from the Jnictta und Kip
and Tuck plncer mines. Among the
quarts! claims from the same stream ores
aro shown from tho Coronudo, Mount
Diablo, Colossus, Cornucopia, Top Hand,
Jack Pot, (iolden Five group, Excelsior,
Bald Mountain, Shot and ovor 50 others.
Klk river shows ore from the Burton,
Chickuutin, Stone and others, and Hull
river is represented by the Waterfall and
several properties from the vicinity of
Sand creek.
From Canal Flat come ores from the
Canal, Gwcndolin nnd several others,
nnd l'ulmor's Ban-in represented by ores
from the Daisy and other promising
properties. The Sullivan group has
on exhibition about 50 pounds of rich
Joseph Davis, who bus just returned
to Spokane from the Fort Steele district,
where he spent t|ie summer, said in an
interview in Spokane:
" When the railroad gets into that
mining district there will be a great deal
of ore ready to ship on the first trains
that run, and the better means of transportation will at once awaken interest in
many undeveloped jiroiierties in tlint
district which havo only to be opened up
in order to become ns great mines as any
in the Kootenay. Oi course we know
what the West Kootenays are, but just
give the Kast the same advantages and
it will develop into ns great a mining
country. The North Stnr is a grcnt
property, und everybody knows that the
St. Eugene is one of the richest mines in
British Columbia. It is a fact, however,
that there arc other properties in the
Fort Steele district that will equal those
two in wealth of rich ore. The lead licit
can be traced all t^e way from St.
Eugene over to the Xortli Star, and
many of the intervening properties are
showing high grade ore under development work.
" Tho plan of the St. Eugene as to
getting out ore is being adopted hy many
smaller properties, and there are many
that have several carloads of ore on the
dump, nil of which is of shipping quality
und will be sent out us soon us possible.
Lead is not the only product; tiiere ure
gold properties that promise to vield
richly. It is a good country for a poor
man, nnd its possibilities have never
been overestimated."
Difficulties-of River Transportation
Not Yet Overcome.
The lack-of the river transportation
facilities is keenly felt in Wurdner, und
it wus thought u week ago that a
steamer would make its first trip up the
river last week. Intimation wus received
iu Wardner that the steamer might be
expected any day. The steamers of the
International Co. bud ceased plying us
the water had liecome too low for tlieir
draught. Arrangements were made to
put on a new line of steamers with a
lighter draught. These should have
been running before this time. Captain
J. C. McCormick, who is superintending
the construction of the John I). Farrell,
realizing the need of u boat on the
stream at once, went to Portland and
contracted for a small steamer to be
shipped by rail to Jennings, to arrive
there a fortnight ago, and to lie in active
service until the ice stopped its wheel.
The Isiat was just the thing for the river
in its present low stage, being lifty leet
long with nn eight-foot beam, and drawing eight inches of water. The deal is
off, however, word reaching here thut
the iKiat iu tied up by an attachment at
Portland which prevents its owners from
delivering it to the purchasers, This
news wus not joysully received by the
citizens of Wardner, who nre shut off
from communication with the outside
world by rivor transportation, except by
means of small boats on the Kootenay,
Wurdner has, however, ample means
of transportation. She has good wugon-
rouds to Knlispel and Jennings, nnd also
to tho Crow's Nest puss, where she
connects with tho river.
The Crow's Xest Land & Development
company has been incorporated on the
:7th iluy of September, ISO", witli a
capital of f25,0OO, divided into one
thousand shares of $25 cuoh. The objects
of the company are numbered by seventeen letters of the alphabet. Shortly
put, the company act ns real estate
agents. Who nre the directors or who
ure the ollicials the (iozette does not
disclose. Give tliis company a wide
berth until you know who you are dealing with. All that can be extracted
about  the company  Is  that the head
office is in the city of Victoria, British
The Spokane und Fort Steele Telegraph
ami Telephone company lias been incorporated on the 20th day of September,
18117. Tho'heuil office of the company is
in the city of Spokane, state of Washington. The capital of the company is
$12,000, divided into 120 shares of $100
each. The head office of the company
in tho province of British Columbia is in
tlie town of Fort Steele and John II.
Fink, Fort Steele, is the attorney of the
company. It would be interesting to
know who arc the promoters and directors of tliis company and if it is relation
to tlie company who own and operate
the telegraph line lietween Fort Steele
and Knlispel, that was built by money
largely subscribed by persons resident iu
Fort Steele. The objects of the company
are vaguely put���to construct and equip
electric telegraph and telephone lines in
the United States, British Columbia and
elsewhere. The capital is modest for
such a gigantic undertaking.
The concert which was held in the
opera house, Fort Steele, last Wednesday
evening was a great success. It was
given by the Indian hoys from the
industrial school at St. Eugene mission.
They were largely assisted by local talent.
The boys bad tlieir brass band and the
members played well.
The two large warehouses which were
recently erected at West Port to hold the
supplies for the C. P. It. during the
construction of the C. N. P. railway arc
to be taken down aud removed to Cranbrook as being more central.
The waterworks syndicate have now
got delivery of some pipes, but no steam
engine lias yet arrived.
The wngon-rond from Bedlington, on
the international boundary, to Jloyie
City is nearly completed. Merchants in
Moyie will now get in their merchandise
more rapidly from the south.
Mr. P. L. Cummins is busy surveying
a townsite ut Crow's Xest landing. It is
about eight or ten miles from tbe puck
bridge ou the Elk river. It is being laid
nut by the Kootenay Valleys Land Co.
On the prospective townsite thero is now
quite a colony established, Consisting of
between twenty and thirty families. A
school bus been erected and has opened
with an attendance of fourteen children.
Government Agent W. J. Goepel has
returned to Kelson from u three weeks'
trip through tlie Eust and West Kootonay districts. He suys that the revenue
nnd population in Fast Kootenay has
more than doubled since lie was there
last gunimer. Everybody is waiting for
the Crow's Nest Puss rond, and when it
is through Mr. Goepel believes thut
Cranbrook will lie one of the main -mints
on the line. The wugon-road from
Wardner crossing to Mnclcod is expected
to be 'completed within forty days.���
Rossland Miner.
The Kootenny River and Transportation company has a steamer well under
construction nt Jennings for tlie Fort
Stoole trade on the Kootenay. She will
be 150 feet over all, 30 feet beam, tonnage 250. Her cylinders are 12 inches iu
diameter, 12-foot stroke. There will lie
22 staterooms, electric lights, searchlight, etc.
Collingwood Schreiber, deputy of the
minister of railways, returned to Ottawa
on the 12th from the west. He sjieiit
somo time iu completing the inspection
of the Crow's Xest Pass line nnd found
that 110 miles will be completed this
season. The force was then eloBO upon
3,000 men, a large proportion of whom
will continue work through the winter
iu the heavy rock cuttings. He feels
sure thut the rond will be in operation
to Kootonay lake by October of next
senson. The work is sutisfnetory in
every respect.
I, Thomas MuNaught Financial Agent, Fort
Steele, hereby give notice that sixty days after
dine it is my intention to apply to apply to tho
chief I'umniiKsh ncr of Lands & Works ior permission to purchase bIx hundred und forty
acres of unuurvoyed, unoccupied and unreserved Crown lands in this neighborhood where
this notice is posted, being on the west side oi
Moyie Luke and ahum four miles from its upper
end. The boundaries ure as marked out from
my��� north-west corner whteh Is In close proximity to this notice ii'iiiu'l'-, running BoutltSO
chains, und to the oast 80 ehaiua, thence north
80 chains, thence west ti> the starting point 80
chains, containing (MO m-res unoccupied land.
The b tar ting point running due west from
Moyie bike taking in a little of  btitli the Little
l.mnlj and the Big Lamb crocks.    Located 1st
day ol September, 1807.
Fort Steele, 20th September, ISO",
Livery, peed &
Sale Stables,
Fort Steele, 8. E. Kootenay.
Pack Trains for mines supplied.
Freighting of all kinds undertaken.
Situated on Ferry Creek,
25 Miles From Fort Steele,
East Kootenay*
$75 to $150 Each according to
B.   C.   MINES.
Dr. Dawson, director of the Dominion
geological department, Bays: "The
entire range or ranges of mountains,
which extend more or less continuously
from the extreme end of South America
to tho Arctic region, nre rich in minerals.
Take the case of British Columbia as un
example. About 40 years ago gold was
discovered on the Fruser river, nnd soon
nfter nt Cariboo, which for its urea was
the banner placer mining district of all
the world until the recent Klondyke
discoveries appear to have thrown previous placer mines into the shade. After
Cariboo Clime Kootenay and the Big
Bend of the Columbia, in HUM; then the
discoveries in 1S71 in the Omineca
country, which promised to yield very
richly, but from which nearly all the
miners were drawn away in 1873 by
discoveries further north in the Cnssiur
country of still richer plueer mines. In
nil these instances tlie trend of the
discoveries bus been northwester norlh-
northwest, in a licit whicli runs practically from the southern boundary of
British Columbia to the Yukon, und lies
between the llocky mountains proper
and the coast range of British Columbia.
In the Kootenay, Cariboo and Cnsslar
districts placer mining bus lieen followed
In a greator or lesser degree by the
discovery of quartz veins, almost In exact
proportion to the facility of access; and
that these liuve not been worked extensively, particularly in Cnriboo, is duo to
the difficulty of getting machinery into
tlio country, and not to any lack of ore.
There are untold mines of wealth in the
Kootenay, Cariboo and Cuesiar districts
yet; but it will take time, labor and
capital to develop them,"
Transfer Co'y.
Wardner, S.E. Kootenay.
The most, comfortable hotel in South
East Kootenay. Good Table. Good
Wines. Good Attendance. Terms
Wm.   Eschwig,   Prop.
The liest stopping place for freighters in
Columbia Valley is at
Tom Martin's Hotel
Good accommodation & Moderate Terms
First class Feed Stabes iu connection.
We wish to inform the
public that avo are prepared
to do  Neat,   Artistic,
Up To Date Printing
in all its branches.
Our Specialties :
Soto Heads
Letter Meads
Hill Heads
Hand Kills
Calling <'ards
Hnsincss Cards
Law HrlefH
Lumber Ittrnks
Hank Work
Prom I wiry Notes
Receipt Forms
Assay Forms
hriiKKlsls labels
No Job too
No Job too
East Kootenay Pub. Co.
Golden, B. C.
Subscribe for
One-third down, balance In three it nil six
months, without Interest.
Agents, CALGARY.
Upper Columbia	
jfavigation dc Uramway
Co., Limited,   and
International Transportation Company.
Connecting with tlie C. P.
Great Northern Railway at
li. at Urildon, B. C. and
enniugs, Montana.
Jgp- 48 Hours to Fort Steele, "fgj
Steamers leave Golden Monday and Friday
evening on arrival of East bound train. Connections at Canal Flat with stago for Fort Steele and
Tho   Only   Quick
Address all express care <>
and   Comfortable   Route.
f U. C. Co'v, Golden.
General Merchants
Miners Supplies a Specialty.
Agent for the California Giant Powder Compay.
Fort Steele, S. C.
Ciioh'F, Winks, Liquohh ani> Ckiahs.
R. D. MATHER, Proprietor.
The   Steele House.
First Class Brands of Liquors and Cigars o
Headquarters for Mining Men o o
Commodious Sample Rooms o o
Best Cuisine in the West.     o o o
Modern Conveniences O O O
Home Comforts.
D. McNEISH, Proprietor.
EOET    STEELE,    E.   C.
���A-S-vetfAee    xxx    "THE       EAST      KOOTBWAT     a^IX-TEE."' ,.-*��--.���->
,li.,ll In my ImversMl*. (Jol-l
tU'liljii Hi'*I'i'll "I myitliili:
xiiioii-i-i u iii' li I liayti i-iijnl" I
Olll uf Dm lllitw ill Illl* Mil-Ill.
,tlOl<l 111 Illl! llll-*li:l),i-u btlga
Miido nf my slijiyi s with h rn-li-
,.1klll.   Thi're li whIIIi In my raits,
,ly, ami I'm ilyiiti* fer limil.
,,';.,1,1 Uko.tluisoil nt ilu* IiiiiiI,
(loltl tlml Iffri-i-iisllu* illrl;
,ii,,l,l in my trou-ii-r It'gs Mill
ilnlil in.tin* furlnl niyslilrl,
itviioistliore wuuliiiy us r.'
Willi tntsii'tlt'-iili-iit i-tl.ll?
,!I**iivi*iis, I wish ll ciiiiI.I buy
l.ivi-i'iuii'M, I'iu'- fuel uiul iiiisii.
-tti-lil In my lull ttii.l my si,;*],**;,
(Willll tlmru Is luft of till'H.1IIK-)
4 lilt*.* Irregular roi*kst
Hii.,1 uf all i*i*ll ami uliaino;
.(liilil'liiiny li.iiiillo*ri'lik*f;i!ii|il
l-.ii-ki.il In my unilorwiwr lens
i.iM: Ivjii i'<l like loiiulolil
Jtirwifsafk.s nf -.vlll'tlt anil HPI11U OggSl
jD'oll, liil im.* illo III must,
riillliiiilnoil anil iaiulsliitil wilcolilj
,1.1*1 mo sink liuru witli my iln.il,
Ay, iinkii-ij iiumn-is uf k"'1'.
.iii-aiii, Kimiiiy iii'iLtii.iuiiii* iu uu-,
tVllllItlllOSl man a ni; mill,
-Coras Willi hwi'i'l ilrr.ilns.   l,.t iiu'at'ii
My isiiinil liuiiii! uuiifn.
J.CI mt* look iliiwu ill. lull*.' Iillt'.1
(Hiiro [pilii inyili-aililii-iliif ii-,-,)
-Ularluif ulih rril-pnliiii'ii signs
���lvlil-i-*of funil ami lts|irk'u,
Jli-Iii,.' uu- tin- niirusr ami )nisii,
Sliuw uu* IIiohq sii|,fiL*r-l,i��iir Hl'uill'S,
,l'liiiii*tiiiii 1. tint 1 wish
lililil (-until lit* I'lttt'ii like Iii-iuik.
Oi' the milking oi liooka there is no
eml uiul of the |)iililishing of nowiipHpors
there in no limit. The latest ntldition to
tint family is (lie North-Western Mining
Mirror, dealing witli affairs liiiuneiiil ami
I'lnnmoreial. It is publitjiiud ut Tai'oiinl,
Washington, It is an eight pnueil peri-
miieal ami iu well printed. The lirst
imnilior contains gootl readable matter.
The .Mirror wants to see the true worth
of the mines of the North West properly
established, ami capital and labor working liaiul in lianil tor tho development ot
our unquestioned mineral resources.
' SmoltlnB
In   Canada
and    Other
-_3udf-et of   Interesting   Local  and
Coneral News.
Triickliiylng on the Crow's Xest Pass
-railway is completed to 1'incher creel;,
Supt. lluiiey and party arrived in Gil-
-giiry from Macleod on Tuesday night
jinil left for the west.
Mr. W, II. D'Arey, ('. 1', It. detective,
ivho spent a few days in town, returned
(Oust to-duy.
Mr. I'. W. Hulnir has returned from
jlliick creek and will lake charge of the
.Beaver mill,
Mr. Wm, I'eurt'e, superintendent of
���piinqs at Calgary, paid Golden a business visit tliis week.
W. K. Knss, Barrister, Fort Steele, arrived lu Golden lust Monday and departed by Xo., '2 for tiie east on business,
A sitting of the High Court for the
.district uf Kust Kootenuy will be held nt
Jioniilil on Monday the 25th day of October, 181)7.
Public school Inspector II. Wilson, of
Victoria, was in town Wednesday inspecting tho public school here. He
-seemed well satisfied with all he saw.
Service will be held in tlie I'resby-
itorisn Church on Sabbath morning and
evening ns usual. The subject lor the
evening will be the name "Christian."
Captain MacPhorsoil nrrive'd in Golden
.on Monday (rum Calgary and afterwards
departed for llevelstoke en route for the
.Halcyon Hot Springs on Arrow Lake in
West Kootenay.
The new Canadian loan of ��2,000,000
Juts been twice subscribed for in London
.nnd was obtained for ��1)1. Tlie credit of
the Dominion stands high, notwithstanding its enormous indebtedness.
1'". P, N'orbury of Fort Steele, Preei-
ilent of (lie Fort Steolo Liberal Association arrived in Gulden Inst night from
attending the recent Liberal Convention
lit Xew Westminster, and left for Fort
Steele this afternoon in company with
Mr. Hopkins.
Captain M. W. White-Fraser and Mrs.
Wbite-Fruser arrived in Golden on Monday night from Fort Steelo by the mail
Hinge and luft on Tuesday afternoon's
Ko. 2 for Banff, where they will reside at
the Sanitarium for some time on account
of Mrs, FruBcr'a health,
ltcport circulates that Messrs William
Mackenzie, or Toronto, ami P. 1). Mann,
of Montreal, railway contractors, have
secured tlie charter of the Vancouver,
Victoria and Kastorn railway which is to
make the line from l'enticton to tlie
Boundary district. Messrs, Mackenzie
and Mann were not in West Kootenuy
on pleasure bent.
The big store is iu full swing. Shelves,
counters and tables groaning with the
weight of goods. Beautiful stock to
sclent from. Big rush iu the dry goods
ami mantles department, The clothing
department is complete. Ten dozen
men's winter caps fur 21c, each, Snaps
in nil departments,
The Winnipeg Commercial has issued
ll very creditable number advertising the
Edmonton route to the Klondyke gold
Iields. The article dealing with this
route is very interesting indeed and will
doubtless lead many to travel to the
great Kl Dorado by way of Edmonton,
There are several hall-tone illustrations
ol scenes on the Athabasca,
A broken handcar, a smashed jigger, a
mud conductor, and eight small boys to
'tell the tale���such was tlie result of an
escupatle on Sunday. Tlie eight well
known individuals took it into tlieir
heads to indulge iii a trip down theC, &
I'l., a freight train backing down the line
overtook them, and the boys beingInex-
perienced in" the management of' liand-
cai'B, jumped their job and took to their
heels, witu the result that the C.P.R. is
put a handcar and jigger.���-Calgary
Canada, in lior determination to assist
the mining industry in every possible
way, must not lose sight of tho important
and Indisputable fact that out of the
total cost ol mining and making ores a
marketable product, 5!) per cent, goes to
dressing ami treatment, and tlie other-11
per cent, represents tlie cost of mining.
It the vast deposits of low-grade gold
nnd gold-copper ores of Kootenay unil
Boundary districts are ever mined nt a
profit, they must he treated by local
smelters ami mixed iu the process of
reduction with the ores of the Slocitn,
Kootenay lake and Kast Kootenay districts, it is equally true that so long as
Ihe owners of silver-lead mines iu southeastern British Columbia are compelled
by the policy of the Canadian I'aeilic
railway to sell tlieir ores to United States
smelters more than 2,000 miles away
they will lose from f 10 to $15 on every
tun of ore shipped, which sums, if the
ores were treated by local sme[ters, would
represent tlutt much profit.
Canadians are beginning to appreciate
the great importance of tlie smelting
industry in this country, nnd that it is
absolutely essential for the welfare of
Kootenay ami Boundary districts that
every encouragement und facility lie
extended to the establishment nnd operation of smelters in close proximity tothe
An illustration of how a mining country enjoying natural advantages for
economical smelting will cense to export
its ores and establish u local smelt in
industry when debarred from an opportunity to enter tlie market in a foreign
country, hitherto open to its crude ores,
we know of no better instance to cite
than thut of Mexico.
Before what is known ns the Windoin
bill was made a law by tlie United States
congress, all Mexican ores were shipped
from Mexico to American smelters.
This measure wus introduced at the
Instigation of tlie Lead trust, und incidentally to help American miners, who
claimed that they could not compete
with Mexican peon lalior in the production of home silver-lead ores when
foreign ores were brought into the United
States. Since the passage of Ihe bill in
question there have been erected in
Mexico ut least eight, if not more,
smelters, which are equal iu point of
construction and capacity to the liest
plants on this continent. Those works
arc now treating the ores which were
formerly shipped to the United States,
nnd instead of that country deriving the
enormous benefit, Mexico is the gainer.
The moral of the above is obvious and
bo very plain that he who runs may
read. What has resulted advantageously
to .Mexico in relation tu the smelting
industry may' result in u still greater
benefit to Canada, if advantage is taken
of the situation and opportuitles that lie
before us.���The Silvertonian.
Distinguished Capitalists.
Tim MiifKR met this week Mr. Robert
Smith, London, and Colonel Doniville,
-New Brunswick, Dominion member oi
parliament, while on their way to Victoria. Mr. Smith is chairman ami Col.
Domville is managing director in Canada of the Klondyke, Yukon and Stewart
Pioneers, This is a Britisli Company
which bus its head ofllee in Loiul.ii and
is organized as a dovolopment company.
Its capital is ��2011,000 sterling. Its operations are not to be confined to the Yukon alone, but the company is willing to
operate and develop any likely prospects
either in Kust Kootenay or any other
promising portion of British Columbia,
Two prospecting parties are to lie fitted
out and despatched by Hit. company
from Victoria to Ihe Yukon.
Now Looatlons.
The following claims have boon located
in the Golden Mining Division since
October 1st:
On Spruce Treo creek:���-Iron Mask by
J. Giffen. Bell by A.Campbell. Copper Queen by ,1. Henderson. Copper
King by M. Dainard. Iron Cap by,I.
W. Conner.   .Monday by G. W. Heffncr.
On -Middle Fork of Spillimacheen :���
Rose 2nd by II. G. Parson. Thistle 2nd
by W. Crawford.
On Steamboat Butte:--Wren byll. G.
Parson.   Lark by R. Granger,
Assessment work has been recorded
this year lu respect of (17 claims and
(hero ure many more yet to be recorded.
Great Ne-rlect.
A regular rattlesnake obituary comes
to us from Stewart county:
This grave we make
For little Andy;
Bit by a snake-
No whisk handy,
���Atlanta Constitution.
Seneral Merchant
Our stock is now complete in till lines, including
u fine range of
Dress Goods,
Tweed Suitings.
Men, Women & Children,
Blarney   Knitting Wools in
All Shades. ,
S. & Wfc'Dermot,
��   ��   ��  ��  ��    '
Don't Forget These Facts:
IWcDEl^lllIOT is showig the finest Mining Boot on earth.
l��eDEl)PT!ytS5�� BICYCLES S*_{jj
From $40 to $65 Spot Cash.
���:In Golden, is;*
Xb.e Best Store
��� In. East XZodte:aa3r
FOR    -gr-A
Miners & Prospectors Outfits.
A specialty is mude of this line of business. A
complete list of goods always in stock.
WARREN'S other line of goods is unrivalled.
Provisions,   Hardware,   Hosiery,   Etc.
Every department is replete. A trial is only
necessary to become a constant customer. WARREN'S STOKE is the foremost in the district.
The O-old-erL & STort Steele
��   ��   ��   ��   ��
(\\pt\Eti(h(\T l-as just received a large consignment of the
lilUyEI\UiUl Kickapoo Remedies. " if you feel down in
the mouth purchase a bottle of Sagwa. it will make you a
new man or woman (right up to date).
Uedpath's Granulated Sugar is the best for preserving
Preserve Jars-all sizes at   EflSTEflJl    PAIGES.
New Jams and Marmalades just received.
Commencing to arrive.   " Direct Import.*'
ui'fe'jJSfeffi House Finishings
stock. Wc can quote prices that will astonish oven the
closest buyer.
Limited Liability.
Authorized Capital Stock
750,000 SHARES at the
Treasury Stock    ***
This is h purely local Mining Company, formed for the
purpose of acquiring and developing properties in East
Kootenay, the richest part in British Columbia.
Tho management of the Company is in the hands of capable men who are right on the spot and are therefore able
to secure on behalf of the Company the best properties
Pres.:Tnos. McNai.oiit, Esq., Financial Agent, Fort Steele.
Vice-Prcsidet: M. Carlin, Manager Golden Lumber Co.
Treasurer: Ai.kx. McQueen, Esq., Manager Bell Telephone
Company, Calgary.
Secretary: Geo. S. McCahteh, Golden.
S. Baiiiiei!.        Alex. Allan.        H. G. Bauson.
There are no salaried officials in this Company. The promoters shares are pooled until the Company earns dividends.
The Company posesses interests in two of the most
promising mining properties in East Kootenay: Tho
" Tinbasket Claims" on Kinbasket Lake, in the Donald
Mining Division, and the Mercier Group at the head of
Bugaboo Creek in the Golden Mining Division. Tlio
Company has these properties tinder development and on
the latter property have several tons of high grade ore
ready for shipment.
The company will also acquire and develop and sell properties and handle others on behalf of prospectors and investors.
Tho first 1)lock of ()0,000 Treasury Shares has been sold.
A second block of 50,000 will shortly be issued at 50centS
per share.
For forms of prospectus, application for stock, and full
information apply to any of the directors or to
Brokers Calgary. Secretary, Golden.
Bankers: Bank of Montreal, Calgary.
The llcut Ucur in Canada In made by the
Calgary Brewing &
Malting Co., Lt'd.
Manufacturer* of Boor, Ale and Soda Water
hiHiKt on cutting Calgary Hour overy time, Thoy
all havi! It.   Thu Company'a agent Ior Kast
Kuotunay lit
General Dealer,   Ih. a. parson, ooiden, b. c.
We can.
M 1ml
��  ��  ��
Our motto is :   Best Material
Perfect Fit   Latest Style
Reasonable Price.
��� * *
Merchant Tailor,


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items