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The District Ledger May 23, 1919

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OWNED, CONTROLLED, PUBLISHED BY DISTRICT 18, U.M.W.of A.
VOLUME 1    NO. 41
FERNIE, BRITISH   COLUMBIA, MAY 23, 1919
Printed By Union Ubor
WESTERN WORKERS 10
HELP WINNIPEG
The Winnipeg strike has boen a sur.
prise only to those who are blinded to
the faot that economic conditions are
forcing solidarity among the workers.
It is estimated that thirty thousand
workera laid down their tools to show
their support of the metal workers in
wbat were considered fair demands. *
Of the'progress of the strike we
have little news further than the fact
that there is no disorder And the tie up
is complete. K is true that therei has
been an endeavor to create a panic and
that "indignant citizens" attempted to
raid the Labor Temple but were stop,
ped by the police. Winnipeg has reason to be proud of her police force—
they have written a new page in the
history of the emancipation of the
workers.
There Ib much talk of sending in
military force and to this the workers
do not object. It will be when the
powers that be attempt to make scabs
out of soldiers that trouble will occur.
The soldiers of today will not scab.
When a man becomes a scab he ceases
to be anything else but a scab and
there is no soldier or no policeman today possessed of even average' Intel,
ligence who would allow himself to be
taken from the duties he ls supposed
to perform for the purpose of scabbing
on the workers.
Two cabinet ministers from Ottawa
are at Winnipeg and on Monday Sir
Robert Borden is to be in his seat in
the house and it is understood that ho
will give his attention to, "labor prob.
"loms." .
Calgary is voting on a sympathetic,
gtrikp—in„ gunnnrt—Af-^Ktanipefr-and
olnlfiE
DISTRICT
DirectorofCoalOperationsand Minister of Labor Refuse
To Grant Investigation And Tools Will Be Downed
As An Evidence of Fact That The Workers Realize
That An Injury To One Is The Concern of All
FIRE BOSSES EXPECTED TO STAND WITH THEIR
FELLOW WORKERS AND END STRIKE  QUICKLY
present indications are that city will
be tied up on .Monday. A vote is also
being taken in Edmonton, Lethbridge
and other cities.
British Columbia Federation of Labor Sends Strong Telegram To
Minister Robertson-Are Ready To hei^L tn "Only Way Possible"
Commissioner Makes Public Statement
The solidarity of the workers of District 18 is to be put to the
^est. The men are to cease work at three o'clock on Saturday
afternoon as a protest against the refusal of Commissioner Armstrong and the government to grant an investigation into the reduction of wages that has come to a number of the workers in this District by reason of the changes made following the coming into force
of the eight-hour law in British Columbia.
The case ofthe men has been plainly stated. It is true that a<
comparatively small number of the workers are affected by the reduction but the time has come when the Commissioner and the minister of Labor must be made to recognize that District 18 workers
have by a,ninety-eight per cent, vote announced their adherence to
the principle that an injury to one is th&.-Concem_oLitll^-JIh^-c<nn~
-i0.
STATEMENT BY THE COMMISSIONER
» ''!Jfe* "
On the 28thjpf February,a conference was held between representatives of th#Wes|ern Coal Operators' Association and District
Eighteen*. United --MineWorkers of America, to consider a renewal of
the agreement which expired on the 1st of April, 1919.
The meeting was presided over by W. II. Armstrong, Director oi'
Coal Operations. There were present on behalf of the operators,
Messrs. W. R. Wilson, L. Stockett, Jno, Shanks, M. Morrovsy W. Henderson, Or, Kellock and II. A. Lovett. The men were represented by
President Biggs, "Viee-Presideut Christophers, Secretary Urowne and
Messrs. Irvine, Livett and Kees,. representing the International.     A
D,B. U. G0NVENTION
ON JUNE 4
The central committee appointed by
the intvrpi'flvinrlnl convontlon at Calgary to take a voto of labor organizations on. the <junfiU,>ii of wlthdrawini;
from tlio internatlonulH and also on
their wlliingia>a.s to support a general,
strike for the xlx.hour day. has called
a convention "to meet at Calgary on
.Inno 1th to receive a report of tho
vrt'« nml proec-cil with tho -nrganizn.
tint t*i tbo OSV. IMt] i SUtS,
The opposition of a number of craft
titii-iti* ami tic; Sack of the tuci-Ksary
machinery has made it n somewhat
ilillicntt Job t« eojaplem the *otc within the Hm« foi by the ronvf niton:
the return* t<> hand, however, tshow un
overwhelming vote in favor of forming
ONK UIO IWtOX find jtu almost canal
ly ttrong vote In expression of twin®
willlni; to have a jrcncrnl strike called
for the   rlx.bour «loy.    Somo   voted
HRt»iil>t till* lllt>».« tu UIO ItliiiUMt-ti 'nko*
thut St wotiW ttw-.ii'. reducttou lc x-.-.*■%''«.
ilii« iMU4» ni r-. puM-uut«»ii ;.'f it**-
invention on J«»h- ittt will tin ono
delegate tor ft* r thousand members or
\enn; over five thntt«anit, two i!i«S(-p«tc»
Putrlet I* *IH i'tivo two delegates.
missioner shows ho reason why an investigation should he refused
and in no other light can Order No. 124 be looked upon than as -'art
application of compulsory arbitration.
We give the fullest publicity to a document forwarded to us by
Assistant Commissioner Harrison.. At great length and with a list of
wages and rates he sets forth a summary of events leading up to the
present trouble but the document i3 more noteworthy for what it docs
not contain than for what it says.
Following the document written by Mr. Harrison came an offer
from the Director of Coal Operations to take up the matter of th-
men formerly on ten and eleven hour shifts as a grievance and have
the same enquired into by his assistants PROVIDED TKE DISTRICT
OFFICERS AGREED TO BIND THE DISTRIOT TO ABIDE BY
THE DECISION RENDERED. This was refused and by virtue of ar.
almost unanimous vote authorising a general strike the men have
been ordered to cease work at three o'clock on Saturday afternoon,
Mny 24, in accordance with the instructions of the policy com-
mittee,
Tbere should be no hesitancy in every man ceasing work. A vital
issue is at stake. No amount of camouflage or figures can hide the
issue or cover vp the injustice of Order 124, which would prove but
an entering wedge for further reductions which would be absolutely
intolerable in face of the fact that thc cost of living gives indication
of continuing ita upward trend.
At no period in the history of the District has there been greater
solidarity among tho wcrkens.. The time was when the fire-boases felt
called upon to stay at work even when all their fellow workers were
on attike. That duv has fcoiie by. it would not be MU-pming to st.c
even the pit bosses refuse to scab nnd office workers refuse lo take a
part against those whose activities have been beneficial for all workors in every sphere of the industry. The shame of being a sc sb 'r, too
black to be considered by any man whoie living dupeiult n^on thej
tale of htwin rnerfy
In thc past agreements have stipulated thut Sn the case of a stnk; i
"essential" labor could continue to bc employed. Ccadiiioas lutv;
changed. While strikes are to be deplored it becomes necessary when
they are forced upon the workers to wake them as ihort and as Joti
tive as possible and tht man wbo through a mistaken leaie cf ditty or
moral cowardice v.ould stcy at any work which would help prolong
a itrikf mu»t expect to ever aft^r bold the contempt of Ida fellow
men.
Why should there be any quibbling? Why docs the gowrnmett?
2nd the director of coal operations ref«*e &n investigation a* a skal
for? Do they hope thereby to came a distention among the workers?
Duti.ci lh
jleKerwas submittecTby the President and Secretary^ District Eighteen requesting the extension of the present agreement until the
signing of peace. After a prolonged discussion, it was mutually
agreed that the,agreement would be extended upon the lines outlined in the communication-from, the officers of the Union and during
negotiations iVjr a new-agreement which would be commenced as
soon as possible after the convention to he held in Indianapolis on
the 19th of. March.
After full consideration of the matter, I am of the opinion that
the rates of wages for ontside work in District Eighteen shall be adjusted upon the following basis:
(1). That the present rates as outlined in the Tentative Agreement for an eight-hour work day shall remain as at present,
(2). That the present rates covering a nine-hour work day shall
be made to apply to an eight-hour work day.
(3). That the present rates covering ten and eleven hour work
days shall be adjusted on the basis of nine-hours pay for eight hours
work.
Order Number One Hundred and Twenty-Three is hereby cancelled and Order Number One Hundred and Sixteen is hereby amended to the foregoing effect.
This Order shall not establish a precedent.
By virtue, of the authority vested in me by order of the Committee of the Privy Council, passed under the provisions of the
War Measures Act of Canada, 1914, I hereby direct that the foregoing rates and conditions shall be in force and effect from the 1st day
of April. 1919, where mines in Eastern British Columbia are under my.
jurisdiction, and from the Kith of April for all mines in the Province of Alberta.'**■'
Appended below will be found a .schedule of the wages as adjusted under said order. Those employees in Alberta who formerly
worked ten and eleven hours will receive an hours'extr^t pay if they
work the same period under the new schedule. In British Columbia
owing to the compulsory eight .hour.law a few employees while receiving a slight reduction in tlieir daily wages are receiving an increase in their hourly rate. This is only a temporary arrangement
until the new agreement, is negotiated, ln Alberta no employee will
receive a reduction in wages, provided he works the same hours as
heretofore, but will receive an increase provided he works iim <aine
number of hours as in the past. Besides, which, men formerly working nine hours will now receive nine hours pay for eight hours work.
The order issued.by thc Director of Coal Operations does noi cstab-
li.sk ll nreeedonl  mul is only nitended__ln_hB in offitgJLpamUtMf^—t-he-
As a result of this meeting, the Director of Coal Operations issued Ordor One Hundred and Sixteen, which reads as follows:
The Tentative Agreement expires upon March 31st, 1919, but
owing to the find that representatives of District Eighteen, United
.Mine Workers of America,'are unable to meet the Western Coal
Operators Association thirty days prior to its expiration as provided,
tho following was mutually agreed upon:
(1). That there will be no change of workhig conditions o<
orders laid down by myself iu tlie Tentative Agreement and subsequent orders except there will lie no sittings of the Cost of Living
Commission.
(2).. That there will lie no suspension of work during negotiations for tile next agreement.
negotiation of a new agreement.
The Director of Coal Operations has never declined to hear evidence regarding a dispute, and*in reply to a request for an investigation with respect to this dispute, the following'telegram, was sent:
"1 have always given full consideration to any request from men
and have, never assumed au arbitrary attitude 'regarding any dispute.
Will be quite willing to consider the request when 1 return to Cal-
gury."
Following the despatch of the foregoing t'Megraih, a Jotter was
forwarded to President Christophers which read as follows;
"With further reference to your loiiiiniiuienliui) of the 7th lust.,'
Mr. Armstrong requests iImt you will be good enough lo supply him
with the additional evidence which .vou state that you have regarding
certain fates of wages.   On. receipt of this "evidence he will take the
mutter into consideration,"
Statement of Rates of Wages for Outside Labour Showing Comparison of Those Under Previous Arrangement and as
Adjusted by Ordor 124.
Thgnfct TN Pufcli«—Th« officers -and
aoMler* of thr low! corps ef th*' Hat.
vnilon Artn> <»i»h to ibmik tho
pHiple ol Vorni* tor th# tihen! war la (
which thc} non-itfd m ttt« «<Mj*-ni«i| If thai i» thtlr to-pt tboy mro doomed to dU&pputnluitnt
.Pott*  rtio mryot wm rt*.t*bo.i end * \ will hold solidly together in tht firm assurance that other fcodiei ef
poiiy »«ra orer. j organited labor ill tlw wo*t will givt actlva assistance.   Four meat-
| hern tt the central eomroittfre of the ONK BIO UNION had the matter
*   placed btfore them in Vnnconver this wfosk and after a conferon:• i
p,,*nit»rmte*bnte—i'omni*t*honm Uith tht executive of tht British Colombia Federation of Labor tbe
tmM fnmrtiiTv for »«i*. inrtadinc #m. t following telegram was sent to Ottawa:
vmlr rann* an4 *M klfh-n utcmM*. *
Hon, O. D. Kobertion,
•■'■',). Tbat for the jnn-jin.se of making a m-w agreement uilii-ers
of District l'.iuhteeii ami the upiT.iloi'.s will .,.<vl ar, sunn a.s |.,i.vMii]..
after the return of the men's representatives frutn Jin. spri-i-nl convention at Indianapolis ou'tlie ISth of Mnivh.
By virtue of tlie authority vested* iu me by order nf the
Coiniuittte nf ilie Privy foiim-i!. pa^ed uis-in' ih.. pi'.-1, i,sa>,t> m' ;!;.•
War Measures AH of Camilla. 1914. I In-reov din-.-t thai tie- forgoing rates ami conditions slut!! be in turee ami effect, until further
notice."
tV-m ?::•• r-tuni <-f the \::A-r\ d-!-;:*■.•!. - iV :-. !-l^-.ap.*!- :!•*•;
folloM'ill!.'   b'Mer   Was  si'llt   1<V   Seeretal y   DruWIIf   undei-   i!,||i-  iif   Amili
'.Uu\, to W. I'1. MeXeill, Coni!iii-»toiu'r of tlm \Vi-a--ru Coal Mje-iailoi-s'.
\*vvoci:itmoi • !
••Tl.eV.ili.-y i'einuiittc.. *»J* 1 >i^ti-i<-» %'«*=, 1". I. M. W. <»f A. d.-ac!
tn meet tl1- repr«'*.:i-iui»iiv»"i iif the WVsl.vn Cuat * >].«r.a)l ■■! *." As*...* *i,,-1
tion on Wedm-sdny, Ajiril '.»ili. 191!', for the pui-pnso t»f inking lur an ;
cxteieioii   uf  the   a^roeaietiJ.     ms   milium.!   by     ibe     let'-) nalb-ied
Policy."
A eonferen.'c w,m iHtangcd bit ween represetilaliveH of the men
| am! the Coal OpeinltifH „u the Itih'of April, which wn- i>ie--
i l.y Ml*. \V. IJ. \Yil.si.ii, 1'ie,aba! of lh.- \Ve,t,rn ''.al op«r
1 soeiftijoil.     The  ii'ilel* I'rolO  tie   Sei-reidiy  ul'  ihsltiil   IC«giil
whi.lt  President Christo|i|ti't ,*-  ev|dau)i>il tiict tli
ALBKHTA AND HKMT1SU COH'.MBIA
t'i.
•upalmn
But turn   Man   	
Slate  I'ii 1-: -rs   (buys''.
Slate pickers   (tm-n ■
i.'in- oi!,.)". ''. men i , . .
Car oilers  fboy.s'i   , .
ilitV-*    	
i any
l»ll|i-|
•■ii-r*.
•.mil 11
Aw>tr J. w. mbim, im
Axe.
Mtnermn'
ft. P. W.   Prenidtnt   Hern.-~-M*jwr j
rptiilt nnt oth«>r jirotnlient  ri:li*ni
ill* .1 th*- d*To/t *h<* •f»fr»««*n in r-x*** t \
l*r«iI.J#Bt !V«attl-A ai»d otb«t nBir-ia'!-'. tf,
th* I'*- I'- ft- fMMtMf   thro«ch on    a'
i
Un,t «»{  *H»>>|»«-.*«.V,i.»»\.
»t    band Cftekv—i«*» j
Ollalr. • mtj-i.tr wt Dm   a-MumI ftaek
totao oeor WXkm ttnm dtemo*** to BSf:
M.106 vrtwti, tm Jtvotny.  II* *** mt. *
tUtl twUXtK ***W tm tbn cnrp'tir itv<t[
mtm ■NHiJF MmP IMNl .JmM VWVVl Wom.mfmrWWWmi' |
A fellow worker tmya tbnt CXIJalr bait *
wtwr Owe fcamJutJ JmBmm he HtMli no Ma *
OOw1^9   Bi»V WPIW"W tnOtmOOP-OOinw Warn WOOWOP ^*m* OO*^
i
Minuter oi Labor,
Ottawa:
«— - * *9,       - .', 9,       , .     ■ *-***» , .- *      9 *
9..^.*..,.,, I.   k.k   »»k*.   kUtllk-U   VIUIMtllWl • *■»»■»»*k*%»i*  W*»   luwUStk   WW<*
siden rcfiural of an iitrmtigation Into tontfition of men who
by provincial legislation ere workinj ei^ht hours in the
Cool Minei initead of eleven aiid at a reanlt bad their wage*
reduced, is rirailar in effect to tbe came of tbo Winnipeg
itrflr* Unlet* <«m*ttM»f ftr *w» for tb«## mon FWen»H*mi
will bt coeipdled to render mppmt la caat of ftrike in tbt
only way po*tibi« Hi*v» n« desk* to ton mny iixi-Mo u» tltc
Wilt, a»d eoMider tbt only way ia wbleb a rtiike can bt
avtiltd li by fimMtaf aa iatw^gAtioft.
(ffiptd)
A. t WILLS,
Uu. B. 0, rtdmiSOft of Labor
J. KAVAWAOH,
rtoo. B. 0, Ftdtntiov ot Labor
r..,td   after
l;f*! -l-f'«i v *
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t <lis«-tl*s lk>- »MI.'»tH*»*    The men r,-.fH<-J, ,| Ibut the U.-.tfu-s paid fur
j jdoy<>«*t m Hrtt?»h C»ti»ni}ri*« i'i.r»u»-rl> x**itkiitu ».
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c.»n*id.-rnti..ri  ofHC's^er S r.-eri  Mi-n
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PAGE TWO
THE  DISTRICT LEDGER, FER NIE, B. C, MAY 23,1919
How The Russian Bolshevik Agent
Does Business In New
York City
(From The Uterary Digest)
The alleged Government of Kussiau
which at the moment of writing is
making spasmodic attempts to admin,
ister affairs in that hectic and un.
happy country under the ostensible
supervision of the tinn of Trotzky and
the names of these Americans public.i
"A certain part of the mail," said
Mre Nuorteva, "contains all kinds of
propositions and offers of inventions,
.schemes of new forms of alternation.
;il credit, and other suggestions. The
characteristic thing about these   pro-
FOOD WILL MAKE HUNS SIGN.
Lenine, has not as yet been recoguiz. I positions is that most of the persons
ed by   ihat   astute   old   party,   yourj in question do not want any monetary
Uncle tjamuel.    Tliat dosen't prevent,
said llrm, .however,   from keeping   a
representative on   these shores in tne*,
person of one Martens, whose   front
name, with attached initials, is given
as Lud wig iS. A. K.   This Martens person holds forth in an elaborately furnished suite of offices   in the World
Tower Building, New York City, where
he directs the affairs of the Bolshevik
Government on  this side of the At.
iantic.   Ludwig C. A. K. dosen't    call
himself as ambassador, alUio he puts
on all the airs of an   otiicial of   that
brand with several little added frills,
peculiarly     Bolshevistic    no    doubt.
Among other things, he will see no
newspaper men, leaving these pestifl
erous persons entirely   to   subordin.
ates. He gives the impression of a man
whose entire time is taken up with
all kinds of matters of ponderous importance, and therefore has no time to
fritter away on the often facetious and
always irreverent   representatives   of
the press.     The experiences   of the
Tribune man in the principal lair of
(Bolshevism in America are thus set
out:
He entered a door labeled "Russian
Soviet Bureau," and was met by a
young Russian, who demanded to know
w*hat his business was.
"I should like to see Mr. iMartens,"
said the reporter. j
"You must see Mr. Nuorteva flrst,"
said the young Russian.
The reporter thereupon asked to see
Mr. Nuorteva, who, he learned, is the
oliicial spokesman of the bureau, and,
while waiting, took a quick survey of
the reception-room, which is newly
iitted up with massive office furniture
such as is found in any prosperous ex.
parter's offices.
, After several further requests and
several whispered conferences, the reporter was led by Mr. Nuorteva's sec.
rotary, a young lady with tortoiseshell
glasses, through several offices, in
which men and women, apparently
stenographers, could be observed busily at work, to his office.
Mr. Nuorteva was affability itself
—anfl-*m3/]A-t'hci_rAnnrtPr very welcome
remuneration.
Mr. Nuorteva said that all suggestions that may prove valuable are being filed, and in time a technical de.
partment will be"established by the
bureau to investigate their worth.
The reporter was eagur to learn
whether Mr. Martens received any one
nd was told that "during the day there
are many conferences with American
business people who are interested in
establishing relations with Russia."
Then >Mr. Martens appears at meet,
lugs arranged "by American Socialist
mul Russian comrades to greet him,"
and he is through. That is Mr. Martens' work for a day.
"Have you any branches," asked the
reporter, "in other sections of the
country?"
"We have no branches," replied Mr.
Nuorteva, "throughout the country,,
We expect in the near future to get
possession of the consulates in various
cities and we have communicated with
tlve Soviet Government about the ap.
pointment of new consuls."
"Have you any agents," he was asked, "in this country?"
"The Soviet Government," answered
Mr. Nuorteva firmly, "has no other or.
ganization and no other employees in
the United States except those who are
in this office—absolutely none."
"What progress have you made,"
questioned the reporter, "in establish,
ing relations with American business?"
"Contracts have been placed already," said Mr. Nuorteva, "with some
provision in the contract that the
firms for clothing and shoes with the
amount will be paid as soon as the
manufactured product in question will
get an export license for Petrograd or
some other Baltic port. We are in
touch with about one hundred firms
discussing the placing of similar con.
tracts. We have .had conferences with
groups ot bankers, discussing the details of possible trade relations with
Russia and the est.ablishm.ent of Russian credits in this country." Mr.
Nuorteva refused to make the names
of these people public without   their
Ho is a Finn, about forty-live years old,
with a good.natured face, and wears
glasses, through which sharp eyes
beam humorously.
The reporter explained his mission
to iMr. Nuorteva, bul was told very
kindly that Mr. Martens does uot see
newspaper men, and that this task had
been delegated to Mr. Nuorteva. who
would tell the reporter, if he wished,
what Mr. Martens does,
According to Mr, Nuorievn, tho smmii
reaches iho office nt nine o'clock sharp
ready to begin the day's work. Awaiting him In a lnrnio stack of lot ters,
wl-'eh. t.oget-hor v. ith liis assistant-, he
ei-■'.-"•i.ins among lhe various depart.
ue . ■ . ,vli>]i nre the diplomat!e, the
einiuiierefal. the stntisttcnl, tho rnll-
reiel, mid the iejf.nl.
Mr. Nuorteva also nmd l!iiit n considerable part of the mail contnins ap.
plle:i'ie.:e for po'-it'on-. with lh" hur.
"enu, w'.iieli b-,11 al>.x\t twenty.live ji-'r-
kons in >t;i employ.
''Amuse' Shone who hiito been look-
.).■•.' riesl Mr. Xiiiiilev;),
vera! forni'-r oWeinls of
Ve (,-i,|  t'***Hl*,!   r.'KlllH >.
It   I  :ki"!  ll   *--illl-'le Olll-     Ol'
New York—Hoover's slogan about
food winning the war, can be altered
to "Food Will Make. *. Germany Sign
l:p!" Vernon Kplloggs^ys. He has
just eiiierged froni th-e defeated central
i2iupires; He 'made a survey for the
American food adtfriritstration, for
which, during the war, he distributed
food in .Belgium and northern France,
under Hoover. '
"The food we are placing in the
|-hands" of the German government is
its greatest source of power in staving off Bolshevism," Kellogg said up.
on landing here. "There is being .-seni
new 370,000 tons of foodstuff?, to Germany each month, including 300,(100
tons cereals and 70,000 tons fat. It is
not a bit more than she re-quires.
• "When 1 left Germany there was
talk of the delegates not signing the
peace treaty, but I believe they will
have to sign."
"Hunger, lack of employment and
dissatisfaction with tho government,
are what promote Bolshevism in Ger.
many," Kellogg says.
Among statements and conclusions
of his report aro these:
Although the public does not see
the armistice as military defeat, Ger.
many connot resist the allies now.
The Ebert government is a compromise, with chaos as a result, for it em.
braces the most able and level-beaded
men in Germany.
Germany needs economic help to tul.
fill peace conditions. Any fear of giv.
ing her a lift is idle, because Germany
can't compete with other nations in
business for years.
German labor won't work. Demoralized leaders refuse to turn a hand,
considering themselves the state's
wards. Best informed social scientists
and labor leaders think the war has
hurt German industrial character, and
tbat the German will not pitch in like
the thrifty and industrious fellow he
was.
Germany can't regain trade position
by dumping any surplus on the world
with peace. That would require vast
overproduction, and Germany is put
to it to restock her own shelves.
"The only method by which Ger.
many could be pulled out of her present position," Kellogg declares,
"would be for her workmen to work
longer hours at lower wage than the
workmen of competing nations* to ac.
cept lower standards of life than they
possessed before the war, and to as.
sure a degree of industrial slavery entirely out of harmony with industrial
conditions elsewhere in the world.
"This the German workmen shows
not the slightest disposition to under,
take."
The peace conference has acceded to
Keliogg's idea to send Germany -fit),-
of the
World
LOGGERS and CARtPWORKERS
THIS MEANS YOU
JOIN THE
B. C. LOGGERS ONION
61 CORDOVA ST. W., VANCOUVER, B. C.
DOITNQW
ONE BIG INDUSTRIAL UNION FOR ALL OAMP WORKERS
Loggers of the Interior Country Take Notice
The Loggers of the Coast Districts have formed an organization known as the B. C. Loggers' Union, industrial in its
scope, comprising all workers in the lumber industry, and construction camps, affiliated with the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council and the B. C. Federation of Labor.
We invite all Loggers in the interior to join hands with us
in a united effort to better our conditions, which can only be
done in this manner.
Organizers are now on the road and will pay you a visit
in the near future.
So get ready! '      ,       .
Por further information communicate with E. Winch, secretary-treasurer, 61 Cordova St. W.
VANCOUVER, B. C. PHONE SEYMOUR 7856
| NORTHERN   HOTEL   (
I ■': INVITES i"OUR PATRONAGE
a ■ - ' ' ,. ■   ■
1 Alberta readers of .The District Ledger will find it ta their
j advantage when visiting Fernie to stop at the Northern.  They
• will find it cosy and home-like.
"■■*».
HIGH  CLASS CAFE
ALWAYS OPEN
License No. 10-1770
High Class Day and Night Cafe in Connection
European and American Rates.        See Us for Special Rates
Phone 29 Private Booths
MONUMENTS
Kootenay Granite and Monumental Co.,
Ltd.
P. O. Box 865
Nelson, B. C.
the
The only Monumental Works in
Kootenays
L. H. PUTNAM
Barrister, Etc.
BLAIRMORE. ALBERTA
NOTICE
Nugget Jewelry
Miners are hereby notified to
stay away from Greenhill Mine.
Blairmore, Alta., until further
notice.
Many miners on the spare link.
rod Mcdonald,
Secretary 2163,
Blairmore, Alta.
im:
"liav
Hi* ■*
In
* |.i-i.|i
)•': !v  '>
,■■■ l..i- ■'
'•■•',ff\-- silKiU1! I'nij, l'.i":ri:" l.'MtHtii".'!''.',
v.Is.i •■' iii rlrftv* i.f vour railroad (li-.
jiiirimti,!.'" f;..lo-il tlie v:*piirv r.
"W:. -rt't h- It. ;<'t of t|)i. K.-n-'n-'ty ::i'\
imi tn Hiii t-innUry',''
i.'t i ,i V..r !':'"!'•'"''(>!■ I ...i--,-
U>*n*i■*!-, nrtii.'' r<'|'li*.(| Mi"
,, •'!!■■  ' ;.r,v- ( ','.  f'-r III'- >t.iv.
V
II
tlno* wboii   ii
Mi*
permission.
Nuorteva exprest appreciation of thc
i fl'orts made by American Socialists'in
(he defense of the Russian Soviet Gov.
ornnient, tlio denying that these people
had any organic connection with the
Russians, The assistance they had ren.
doml the Itnlsheviki, he said, had heen
(lie result of \vori< dono hy them as in.
dividuais. The reporter then suRgesl-
od that, he had come specifically to
aoo Mr. i.Martons. He was told, how.
ever, that that important personage
wiild rereive no visitors until after
'Ss.'.ti p.m. The Tribune man looking
propprly sorrowful upon receiving
this Information, the affable Finland,
er nfter a few moment!!' consideration
decided prhclously that he might make
an exceplion In this case and perinil
Die bumble scribe to see the e.rent num.
Tiie »{-count continues:
ile went Into an Inner, ollice and
(nine out short lv followed hy n middle-
r.i/*d man of about forty.four year,-: of
turn,
' l.i-t me illtrodiK i- 'his !■*• ll"'.'nine
f"nm The Tribune," said ^ir. S'uoi-fevii
to Mv Martens: "lie wants to :■■. e
>-.'i-ii-Mier yen  have ]<,nu' hair"
Mf \-|- |.|,..|.- v|io Innlfv- inorf ll?;o t*
IN in ih-i\ i\ Uii- Ian, and who Is of m
■iiviar.-iitlv rotli-in; nature, murmured
l'i.- nil -.v-*',!!-.' in i'tu-H/.h, u'mrnly m--
• "■nt'-d,
"What ha .<• yon daniil to ■><> lb" aui
"i b> c'.l' th« IvMilfi.f-' vou have eonfcrre'i
>••'*!»." lb" r<-]-n"er :isl:!-d, "tins l! b, en
oii<- of -.vi)!|'U"i' •* -. ta meet v|th yon.
or Ins It. been an n't Mode ef condescen.
•i'.n'.'"
"Mlihwv !,..;v,t*<-) Imth." hi- :i'i».\v.T
w* 'jnsi-My.
"')*. ...on . • ;• <■•."• Mr.  Marti
tiuu-TOns^tToOa^FrTinJTiTii. ■utjnira'ny
pays, he says, and with the allies
shares expense of feeding undernour.
ished children, a special endeavor.
-o-
MORE POCKET-P1CKINC
FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE
'Twenty-three    (23)    acres    of
Fruit Land,. hi Creston district;
Bernard Shaw described the modern j
pursuit   of   foreign     markets   thus: i
"First we teach the savages to wearj
wants: then we pick their pockets."    -
E\a r since Lord    I'nlmerston made j
his famous statement   that "the ilai?
follows the investor" capitalist govern.;
to   "control"   undeveloped    countries,;
mints have sjient most of tlieir time
and energy in   protect ins   and   safe,
guarding the business    vein ures     of
tie ir "IcadliiK t-ltizeHs."   .luseph (.'ham..
berlai:: snmniarixed lhe whole matter j
!'n « sp. ech In fen- Parliament  fl^-*'--!"
"All    fhe gn-al      ollbes    of    State;
aro occupied wiili ooinmerehit afi'airs.
Tlm  Forei!.Mi  Oflice  and  the  Colonial
■h!i*!ly  enuaai'd  in   llnditu;
i-i  and   in  defendlm;     old
War oillre and the Admiral'.   i>io--.t!y {icetipied   In   pri-para. i
i'..f ill*.- ilel"iiKi> nl' itiov-i- in-u'lO'ls '
prii-Hi-tioii    ot  our coin,
Ito; rS,< ot AeTifaM"" > -s**.i
"iilii'i-ly  i oni. vii.-il    v* i! :
loanch' •** 'fi bnlii'.iri.
not   too  much  to sa\'
.    lhe   ••:•. • ! •   I    of   ;:\t
half mile from Eriesou Station; a
clear title. Will exchange for a
house, or good auto*. For further
■information apply
OSCAR NORTH
Bellevue. Altn.
8YNOP8I8 OF
LAND ACT AMENDMENT
rre-emptlom now confined to »urr«y«4
tends only.
Records will be granted ooyerlng only
land suitable for agrtoultural purpocM
and which Is non-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of not more than Xour may
arrange (or adjacent pre-emptions, wltk
joint residence, but each making necessary improvements on respective claims.
Pre-emptors must occupy claims for
five years and make improvements to
value of $10 per acre, Including dearie*
' and eultivation of at least 5 acres, before receiving Crown Grant.
Whero pre-emptor in occupation not
1-f.ss than 3 years, and has made_pcopor-
C°me in and see the most beautiful display of Solid Gold Nugget
Jewelry at the Fernie Optical Parlors this week.
FERNIE OPTICAL PARLORS
Ollice  nr*.
p.--iv  marl
,-:*i:i.s.    Til
III'
lii
For Sale—A Magnet Separator;
nearly new; cost $100.00; will sell
for $7.1.00.—<}. Parnell, Flagstone, B.
C Apr25-ii
Piano Tuning—if your piano needs.
inning neiul a note tu Hox 4d8, Femle <
and I will call aud do the work for
you   at   a  reasonable   cost, L.   O.
Sherman.
For Sale Cheap.—A twelve sent
IVrris Wheel nnd Onrmi; iti'llm.olas;;
ivinli'ion: a nood inonev maker lur
this Kiinini. r.   Apply lo •-'. Trono, lilalr,
Ii.un , AlliertM. lis *li''>
ii.*
lii-
Tlie
;ir--
Al.bl'l.     ... .,     I
lc;.; ,,vit a >enr »«o.
y,„» (i.ii!u,.riut, ;.i >:•.'•
Invar"
Vi' '   l';lve   I  if'   ocvi-tnl    ' 'i-'ii .>'nn...
I'l.tu  .'.mf-ri'.u. *  -.V") am "'■' v:*»l"n.-il
!»(,*..     ,i.* .......  .'
"They have or*• upl.-d |i'i*ltionj. uf im
pi.r'aiir'. with thi-    .Vne-ri'-an flnverti
:..  ..,.,;:! ::'•.•* "f,v r tl- He "• ■■'■r**-',i-  -In               ,
ji"v   <• IJIIM'SIV   whieh   W  e.in   ina-ke  U*e   llli. ipi'.-s»|ritl, "hot ♦!
iif"    .Mr, Xunr!>H;t di'illti'-d I"   in tbe !-'«»\|<-i 1,'in.lsi."
i|..r In Iiiih ennni!
■ I  -hnl! t» t  In.
1,.*      *,: t     .   ,,i,l'),.-
ivii -
..     i .       .,
v     In lime"'"
(•■illi-1 ainliai*.'i.i«i<ir.
ii  d.ir- (  nn.-rv-r «»!
r«>prt-<'«iiatlve
OPERATING AT A LOM
i'lirm-r Sn r<-"»r, ol fhe iivaur),
Wr,, *■' \*f(-\tti».>. ■■*;.(•'»kltr.- nl :> div..
iter kIvhi hy the < hlle and Northern
'.....     A   ...Ki-l'leii,  Vn  »():•  -Willi-in   Kl.
111*1'.' i«l  «,(ilSiln(fi''i<i!',  lirK<-iJ   Ijiat      the
l'f!l',.i*»   ■**.■! .'..*.*   -hfini't    in/-re'i«'.     v*.
.-Iiljip.i.i:  iii'.m'.ii-* f" f'jmh  Ameri.-.,
m*  •■'■ *.]■■ . iu i '*■-! :h-y  ',' -m f ,-urv,'
lind,'   m,t'„ l lul*-   .i.ulii.i   *■•■   f.ur.i.l un
ni, ii lm * in i,nler in pin  li mi a l.n»t
J('iim|;ition     Histl*t he, "-it   ',*,** !uU'li;»hl.'
;,!    **.   t.f*,   \\,\l<\   ,..*•*". ,.**, ■■   'iff   \\,t   ,.*    '
t«!tlMt»-d cm a sf«h|c» lmt.\* and lines'
mail" nelf»«mn»«>rui»K."~-fN. V* Tun*-«».;
\\ or'U'S*,' families «>|M-r;»'e rt-«iil:irl)'i
-■*   n  «•-,-*< *,,;,,.,,ll,,^ *.;  .,   f.-,*.*r.r*,(  !{„,., *
'(>oft «,«ik»o,*iW) jwojde are ilvjnir In
povini In Ihe 1'nitwl ««»te» mhiwi
ptM'** «U«» ttevomi *i|ii««*tii(ii      shall
Ih-Mt*   fUroilll**   He    • #'|l.«lr|br..l ;"        \*ftV
ftttf-h |iroI»o»tiil l« met at onto, by nn
Ittiit-fRant rty td "i»aii|»»'ri»ra."    \\">.,et
different* in f»rfBr(p1#» doo* Mf Me.
Aden hnd in hi* ptatotml i*> .><>. r-4 u
fin*»*t*ri'tn1 *eiit»i**<«*» ftt H loin* trnd'-f
forMTnncnt *wrti»My?
It thnt not ll%*»*irfti> brvfitift-x {inta*-
Irtnl pampttiium^
H tbnt* te •■»! t«w»*f*»tm«*nJ »»U.-ul>
to Im told ftfulnst ojieratler.^ ntrrf<<l
mn nt t> b**n tt totmbt Pm **li to two.
*>id*t tbm »•>■»*.u.Mt. nt »*.»'..*.»'..*1.1..». *'.
famfltfl* nf mini«m ot watbert m tt#
Kfif#»l e">'- * r-'i'-*ir tV.nn tf ■ «iK***i-V*».
I«f o*Or rrmwtmtrtnl wntww* intt* the
or-wplof!^ fii W» of Sow'h Am*rf«»
WHY NOT MEXICO?
:"'il   lur
j tin*!-'*.*
M.i   In.!-
': 'h.   ,   l ,ui j:n
! Thrri-i'ife.    ll
I t' ii!   i i>n-,iii'*r<
! pi'Miicnl  iuteresl.:. nnd  that  thf.nov.
I i-t (Hll.'tll deviorv-s ivoy.l 'he noptilnr HI1*
pii>\;,' li' li dot a 'lie me.v, in lie
vu-:ot. cur trade iuul to wtile il on
i'linn   -'.uni'l'itlnii "
-lanaii.  Il:t>:.   I'nitue,  Ureal   Hrltitlti
' „.■'.   \i.     V :.',;•',   ',*•' \< ■ .    ;'•■'.'  ;*■   v >-.
IparliiK to "eeiaiuer" foi'e'H'ii miirhetH:
' in "fnn»rar nndi'veimieil eotintrieH,.
h«nd to "evploit" virpln H'-xonroi-s.;
j There is no "liy mir have." i rn-
|mk>i>||<v nf ihi- ciiiintrtei* are not c*>n.;
| Milted. Armle-s are orusinlj'.eil «nd !
inav|e« are ninnnvd lo Itaek the •••in.
{niereial and limuiiial Inti-retitn. (1* j?, |
| frem ea h nf the great capit-nUm iiiiin-i
ilrlih   are faallvlnn   forth    lo H(wt*e.-<i
V.'anted to Rent—Kitnui'hed house
v.. a unod location for month;* of May
and .Hint'.    K*''Ply *■*'* ***• Cil>' •
FERNIS   LODGE.   KNIGHTS   OP
PYTHIAS,  NO.  .il
Will meel regularly
k*\     every Tuemtav even
| inn nt S oVInpk
\ ittiUnK uiutuWru
cordially w*l«»m»
Ail'rtil Jiiiker,
K. IJ. )=».
w.
IVniiin'tldii,
('. C.
TlonaTe improvements, he mayrbecaus*
of 111-health or other cause, be granted
Intermediate certificate of improvement
»nd transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be IsHued provided applicant ma.\et
Improvements to extent of $S0O per annum and records same each year. Failure to make improvements or record
same will operate as' forfeiture. Title
aan not be obtained on these claims la
less than 5 years, with Improvements of
tio per acre, including 5 acres cleared
nnd cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years.
Pre-emptor holding Crown Grant may
record another pre-emption,  tf he re-
?utres land In conjunction with hte
arm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made and
resirt,vu;o maintained on Crown granted
land.
Itw.urveyed arean, not exceeding 20
fceniM, may bv lensed as homenltes;
title to be obtained after fulfilling reel-
denil;il and Improvement conditions.
For KMizinif and industrial purposes.
nr-as exi-eeillnft 640 acreB may be leaned
by ««ne peivon or company.
PHE.EMPTORS' FREE GRANTS ACT.
rim M.-op-B of thiH Aot Is enlarged to
ini-luile all nurnoiiH joining and serving
.v tt is lii: Majesty's forces. The time
wiiliin \s Is it'll the hi-ii-H or devitieea of a
.;.*(.,;.,-ill iire-i'imiior may apply for
tl'le .>'.i!i>r tlii,-*; Act Ik extended from
ne ,.e*i' from ths death of such person,
a- fi.ni.,i:y, until one year after the
ei'i.i'Uiwi.m (if the present, war, ThU
in<wi.T,i.- Ih iilyo made rtftroactlye,
tov/MRITP  PROPERTY ALLOTMENT
ACT.
I' i.vlsieii is made, for the grant to
1,,-ikhim iinii!iii|jf um-ompl«t*»d Agree-
iinon.-i io i iirt.'iiiiHii Irom the Crown of
-,' !*•■.,|.. >■*,.„ of the land. If divisible.
i " ■ .'vniiiitH lili-ettdv made will
-. * * . i. ..:<>ii to iln- nul* price of
is*-. ii*ii„',i*. nireei. Two or more perwom
i. . .. ,w Mi< h Atiieeiiientu may group
":•.*:   Kitei ■   : - :i*,il ajtnly for a propor-
.   *."■••■    jeiiitiy.    if It Id not
;•     ,     ,,   ..I..*., tu divide tho land
*..■»■ ..i ia  .!■■   iniiHeatlon for a propor-
*   . ,*   in. .tui-nt, iiii aliiiimiiit of Und
..)'..!. vn'.,;.' neleeted from available
,.-       li.:*«;,-   Iii    the    locality may be
'.'li.* t, ntlotmeiits nr« eondltionai
.        , ... **    it  ■■{    all  i»\.-N    due    the
"■'   ti-    any    tiiunk'lpallty.    The
■•*,   '■•    >■<    in r; en.i to whom lhe nur.
■i   *i'.in  Uo- Ciiwa bm agreed to
.it  ,ti*i. i>i,,*,.,*;i.d.   Tho doeliiioii of
1.-n•■.I ..i  1.111111" in roKiiect to tha
1     ii *   •   .' -i nr....iir»)onfifft allottnenf
■ ie- mot i„r iimKing nnpiica-
*.    '  >    iin. iiiiniiiieritH I* limited to
•■I \».i>. 191!*    Any ai'plica-
,•:<* ,'    !l.'*v   rl-lll.   will    "ll.t    »-«
i ", i...     rt, ,.9,i iiifittment* apply to
, .,   .:,ni« nf iim crown »oid
,...   .,., * ii-i,
■••'■   >:eiv to any Provtn-
,      *      - ■ •   *   .*■•■,, .it t<j
:    U   N-%lil**,N.
''•».!i»H». B. C,
COAL MINERS, ATTENTION
$2.60 per mouth provides you against any aceidout and
every sickness, and pays $40.00 a mouth-from the day you are
laid up.
Particulars from c
THE B. WINNETT INSURANCE AGENCIES,
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. Fernie, B. C.
Claims promptly adjusted from this oflice
NOTICE
Reliable Used Autos
I have several for sale, including Chevrolet, Dodge, McLaughlin,
Chalmers
l'l'ift's asUt'd !i!'c vory rcaHoimbk', and ii will pay you in sw mo
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Special Bargain in a Ford Five Passenger $250.00
Special Bargain in a Gray Dort $825.00
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FRANK WADDINGTOM
AUCTIONEER
Phones 770-400 S. 0. E. Building, Tenth Street
a LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA,
■r*vm.tmmwamftm**m*w
-■.■mJm30*
t th-mwlvr-* of ih«« fi'tv ttn!tpiirn|ir'.tt "t!
! mrtit'i-* of iln» i<arth.
I
Typos Criticised
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in iii J'.irii* and li-.m M'-xlt't *('u,i. il;
ioiiiii«-rrouiiiilioiisir,v f*»rri'», ntii»nrrni.
-iic'-vi- ,', r.-ii"v.til "!,"r»;\, Th*- 'ill*: in
I ttiH It    .ml  llriti»li    cir«lt< nt     tti«> >
I'urls Conf»'r"iHi< U tlisii Anorliii I* to.-j-,, -j-jj,. ni-itrht I.*-*i««-r■
In-   d-h'-'l   :n   t-iH»■   manootur-.     tni-rl     w,.   iipi.-r-linn!   tbnt   i.or   hroih- »•*•*
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thii »ff winliffi «•! »h.- 1+mttom. *me- »«««»*«"«'-,   "V.*,..1*1; "''"<;*"      «»'    »-•';;«
Mnl, ihoin* Una at,- mxiii-tt t*» join Uivi,,^
U'iiffiii*      ih>.   liftliin   of   MfVUil  iJiwUji),
t.:*M ;y*t-::r 'st *yt'-:'r V<*"   ". ',.,)*  snj-gai
fin*!, Mr. T>|w», that I don't hnrt yonr
\tot'lii\r* hv rn«»nfl«THin* what pr«h«Wy
* *i    ,,  *■.   i   t,.,» rit.,*..  - ,*i.,  -tf.   **  *tt tint*
*l»*i I »t»nt I* n«wpt*l»J*> to PT* Kr rent, or
»ft iwr f+ni. «f (h» w«rti*r», I «*n"t
PrntinWv »!i<>v (nmrinn t»f>»«nn<ii* >
th- bm* nee* m to t>u*rk ihlii r*>iil form j
■',<'!   «»*A«ii;«i.'!;*.>».   iti-ttt    ll|--.i    VA!4I#V       !,
Why not'
lor iwinK
»r«» ihf
■ or»"ii *.tU .St'* Held*
iit llu* mudem capital.
n,   \,"\Y"' '"""7" :"•"'"" I a. Jp m»ntmniiw «r ttaitng my opin-.
thoy hiipiit'ii to lhe in a fount ry n*it«.,*,Ml#ri».,,„, |„ mikea. imktmi*. *>ic.,i
with miit-era) tl*»i»o*it*. h* m»ii«" .H*jihi»« ih« majority «f ih« worker* ha*
*ult to ni'lKfcti'jrinr ante* ihat eox-oi \hnd he miy )** uscn-wsl f«w lh» aland l
'h iv •'.'•i''t.U"     f' 'h<   'h    '.'t|**'.<-   tf-'f--it bo f.iHn**       Wo tool    ono1id*M.''
whir-t, 'i^' anWm nt Vb* MIM nn. \ •»•*•'*••'.»••■« » be b*dp****at thnmli
, .,,., ,,, ..        ,,     ,r ,t,,,r      ...'**•'   -t«ftii»"f of ntwolM    *h»t mmt
-  '"    •'■'•*■"   "• '',r •'' "    "' '      '   ir*th«-r  -f-mit*  ha*„  »»i»i   Oo**n   *iii|»i««il
(«• in- .-tin  tn'it.dfU-tM'ioaUiiix   nr mn t,n ,t m ihe mm* wuv, Rtery time |i»*> .
!ii*tk* in thp m«rom» of «h'- \**.t"♦'. *-t*de*vttt*d  to  nhtain   Stt«H*f»,    thit
«*rtnf**f*iif*, *-hv not* mm «*nm« rrf   tl   J.'r Tti« amid tm amotm lh«» Uottint
ta tbt 4lr«ctlo» of Mfilro* apfrtt* of tin* O, It. I',     In c*wH*iit«w,
| -xo ***»u'.| riiiffiiii Mr, T>po that It !»;.
-  - -o-~-  imi r;«i)i lirain* thnt    li teuultm-l    ?o,
•   »   ..,,, *   ,,,» tf,f,*9.* -f»  fr f. tbo will in*-
I»iaa4«t 8tr**«t*—M»- **-i*,te**-* a* fjif4*»m  •;pfe»t, a»l to *»trik**; ml  for?
moro *1t*-**lif*
Dr. W. H. Pickering
Dentist
Bark of Hamilton Bldg   Oppoilte
Suddaby'* Drug Store
Phone 188
Painting
ItlTERlOR AMD KXTBRiOK
by Uied»y
wklmio* tint St.
Wm. Robson
Poultry
Waited Tenders
Fnr ibo \\\,,,\i* ..f •!)<• luiiiln-r, <•'-• . i-"i'.),-|i|j.'.l ii; tt;.- lurid-
ilia's (if QlUM'IIM Hotol. HosliH'f, ll. (".
Tho liiiiltlitiK!* aro I.iruri* and <uiiiitiii u cn-ut ijintntity uf
limt-flaNH inntcrinl.
Ti'iulcr* nuist In- rt'f-civi'd l»y .Iiiiic tlu* loth.
ELK VALLEY BREWINO 00, LIMITED
NATAL, B, 0.
. &?Xr^7^s&Mi,ii
titfr Jt ,J^faU'i
WHITI WVANOOTTtl
i:«*n fur hatfhlni from matinRti nf
pnn* whil*'. lHrt-,i« IxHif, iln«l>- >liH|»»ii
ntnl* at from I2.no to |3.«o ver niuim
Hiillnfartloii Kuaranioiii
C  GILUETT       Bex 501, Ftrnlt, B. C
1      ***emmn r»iv*#rtiiTM mrxrve
i l't»iliKr«i-U, litml to lay. I trat ami
• xiroiiii lu;.. tir*i iini mh^U pati«i{..|
■ dr.»f„ nt',r«i»'l and third tmekettd: mrjl
| nnd cock; bnt and tptclal uUllty ptn |
Ut Perntt Fowltry Show.   Km*. •!••"
nt*r mMint.    ttntk  t-'.aa* let   flulntt
i -miujpb ptmm *»lmiH »iiani imt* lui,
i »nnt. t
P. tTRIKT, Hand Avttlut,
i Wttt Ftrnlt. B. C.
ZM
TTqtiv  Dsrico
Communicate At Once With
NORTH AMERICAN COLLIERIES, LTD.,
809 McLeod Building, Edmonton, Alta,
(3:
:B
mi* l 	
r»f!»ntit fir ww«ft «tance» or In
tn'lnit   err   av»"aMe   on   ri-nv
t#«-*.■»    \-/, e**h+*tr\ wntb. W
Dttfr,t»r. PeDatt Ate. Femle.
n't«.»l
meana t« eerwt* fo*.
if,*,*   ..hnihf ttn«* ho«« It't- It nr not*
ttV  BB\Wt>
MkhtUB C
,7AMT!i WHITlWOttil
Teacher ot
PUbo tad Orf»B
Theory*. Harmony, roanterpotnt
Tmr7*p^*:?f^rT  f*rxmpttoilttm,
■tir<»hf*twiti«m
PtOtl COMB RHO0I ISLAND ItlM
i    ToftnkljiiT atraln.     At Ptralt ahow'
ifin b*.*t mat* ufipntid j,rt1t*t Prat f>»:'i
j anrl Item dlnjilar oKgt. Two ^l^tan
f and live dollar* per fifteen. ;
ALIX, AtTKtN. Bt* '.«?
' Wttt Parol*, 9. C.
» ,
t   jitw-eie  »v»mh  ttwtt   l#ttMMn>t  a»rt
$ Bam t   Roc**.     It f,0   pnt   nmMm
ttfsivy wiliti-r lawn     Two Huff  1 " •■■
ham coelitrtla for «at* —Jo* Ttraer.
Hand Av*, W*at Ftratt
■■ »-i*itwt3li*rfS^i**#t''^i
0oU Agsut far tlw Vmh fur
| Lethbridge Brewery Products
Ikwt WbolftBte l*ri-*<*i to »H# Trnttc
GST  OUE  PRICES  OM  ALL  TEMPERANCE   DRINK*!
Tflft-Nflteh Vtiom l*m\ tor Hottl*««
B. WOE, "Tbt Bottle Ktuj"
TV Mhtrt* ffotH rtlnlrmoff, Mltrrln
*■*
Kl TT.: T!T%g1&gttgg£ "^-"MiKW^ej-f
»T*»V* -mtl*t'i*^*^**''i,t*MMiltO!l9m
<" ■***»»• -:»?«wwf?r/I^y^»«*''*"^)^'''"'
**a * •* • — < *»••****. vtf^7-<*rt^
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,  FER NIE, B. C, MAY 23, 1919
PAGE THREE
The
This is the story of an incident in th'e. attempt to overthrow Bol-[ but often for days'at a time there has been on one to give'them even i done all tliat we could do. "We have just learned that there are thirty
shevismin Russia, by massacre. It is the story of the deliberate ami bread. /Were it not for the kindness of th'e poor villagers who, 'with'j additional cases of typhus in thc hospital' and heaven knows how
inhuman killing of men and women and children by the Czecho- tears running down their cheeks, men and women alike, give them] many on the train.   AVe-have brought* buckets and brooms'for- tlie
Slovak and Kolehak monarchist forces in Siberia. It was first'made
known in this country by a brief and unrevealing dispateii. which appeared in the New York Times.
The whole dreadful truth has now come io light, and the Death
Train of Siberia stands revealed in its sinister magnitude as one of the
most horrible outrages upon humanity, not merely of this war, but ill
all human history...  The facts are these:
In the "fall of 1<)18, the Bolsheviki took the city, of Samara. It
was captured from them a little later by the Czecho-Slovaks, who proceeded to throw into prison hundreds of.Ked Guards, and others suspected of Bolsheviki sympathies.
The city was soon re-taken by the Bolsheviki. And when tlio
CVx'cho-Sl-pvak forces evacuated the city, they loaded these imprisoned Red Guards and Bolsheviki sympathizers, together with aii the
other people then in the city prisons, on a train. Fifty car-loads of
herded humanity, packed as closely as if they were already the
corpses they were intended nnd destind to become. That was in
September. . . h\)v six weeks the prisoners on that train did not
see the light of day, except "when the doors of tlie car were opened
to throw out the dead. This assertion may seem incredible; but it
needs to be amended only by the exception of a carload of women
prisoners, who were expressly kept for* the uses of the officers of tho
convoy. . . Tlie rest left the train only as corpses—and in that
six weeks eight hundred starved and frozen and pestilence-stricken
bodies were thrown from the train to rot. It had become, the Death
Train, known all over Siberia, as it must become known all over the
world, as a symbol of the blind hatred and fiendish vengeance oi* the
enemies ol Bolshevism.
After six weeks, it was halted at Nikolsk by some American Red
Cross workers, who defied the authorities, held the train against orders for six days, and rescued from this perambulating inferno sonic
two hundred victims. Ami then the train resumed its dreadful progress back ami forth across Siberia.'
This Death Train, it should be remembered, is an incident in the
rule of terror exercised in.Siberia by the Czecho-Slovak and Kolehak
forceS, with whom the American, British. French and Japanese forces
were, and are, co-operating.
It is through the correspondence'of these'American Red Cross
workers in Siberia that the whole story has reached America at last,
AVe quote below some portions of the diary of Sir. Rudolph Bukely,
formerly an American banker in Honolulu, now with the American
Red Cross iu Siberia. If is the record of a six-day interruption of
this prolonged massacre. . . We have omitted certain portions of
his story which deal with the heroic cfiorts of the Red Cross men to
relieve tiie suffering of the, victims, and we have emphasized some
"passages IrTheavy type; otherwise the narrative stands as he wrote
it night by night after long days of unimaginable d^eps of horror,
It is an extraordinary and utterly convincing story of a horrible
thing which we believe the world will not soon forget,
"It is the eighteenth day of November, 1918. I am at Nikolsk-
Ussurisk in Siberia. In the past two days I have seen enough misery
to till a lifetime.   .   .
'"I have read many times of thc Black Hole of Calcutta. I have
been told of Russian prisoners returning from German prison camps
wreeked by starvation and tuberculosis. Only four week3 ago, as a
four-minute man, I was preaching the doctrine of 'hate.' To-day, I
humbly ask forgiveness for my thoughts of hate, aud pray from the
depths of sty'soul that I may be allowed to play my part, though n
small out*, in trying to improve the conditions of men, whatever their
nationality, so tbat perhaps some day this world may emerge into'
the great Brotherhood, and that such things as I have seen may be
come impossible.   .
"I have seen, through the windows of box car* whose dimensions
were twenty-four feet by ten, forty animals who once were bitmap
men, women, and children; faces glared at me wliich I could not re-
cognize as those of human bein&s. They were like beasts' faces, of a
species unknown to roan. Stark madness and terror stored from their
eyes, and over all the unmistakable sign of death.   .   .
"Thin 'train of death,' for by that uittiio all Eastern Siberia now
knows it. left Samara approximately nix weeks ago. XJeu of tlm
Hiissiitn railroad nemce are Ktotioned as far west as Manchuria Station, some twelve hundred miles west of here, through lhe train
must have passed at least three weeks ago. Since then il ha* passed
tlirr-tigh llail.tr. TiMkar, Harbin, MoolimV, going on and on likt,
a thing acoumnl. through a l,ir..l where its stricken paxsoiigerK fuum!
little food ami less pity,   .   ,
"... It. left Samara. . . iu charg** of mhiic Uuvdiii-.
officers, ll had on board lit lh.lt time tweiitv-ntie ll nnd red pi-'vmii •(•-•
of nil sorts,   Tliey were apparently civil pri.soners.   Some were Bel-
*llevik. other* llfld  been  Ivh-iKed  i'nmi  *'>"  M'!-*'.'!  ,'i*   S;il>i U' '**.     WU
what little they ean afford, they would be absolutely, without nourishment.
"I have talked with a woman doctor (a prisoner on the train)
who was doing Red Cross work with the Red Guards. She would
have done the same work for any one. A highly educjiteu. i :i * ;' "tua!
woman, forty years old. She has ben on this train for weeks. I have
talked to a girl under eighteen years of age, beautiful, refined, .intellectual. She was formerly a typist and bookkeeper in the mayor's
office at Samara. She has been on this train for weeks, and unless the
Red Cross comes to her aid she will die on this train. All the clothing she has on is a filthy blouse and skirt, a sort of petticoat, a pair of
stockings and shoes.   No eoat, in this fierce winter weather.
"1 have talked to a man who bas not the brains left to know
the difference between a Red Guard and one.of any other color. His.
wife quarreled with another woman, who evidently lodged complaint.
That night he was arrested in his home, accused of being a Red
Guard. He has been in the box-car for live weeks, lie will die within
forty-eight hours. , . . I have seen theni die, and the following
morning' I have seen their bodies dragged out of the cars like so much
rubbish. The living are indifferent, for they know that their turn will
conic next. ... While the prattle about liberty, justice ami humanity goes on, . .. .our hands are bound by 'diplomacy.'
. . . . We are holding the train. That is the main thing Jt
should have begun going back toward Samara last night, but it has
not gone audi do not think that the Russian train oi'iiiciais will dare
to send it out with us on tlie spot all the, time, opening' the cars ourselves, talking to the prisoners, giving them what help of hope we can.
and taking- photographs every day. AVe are doing all this without
authority, and in the face of'this horror we don't care who'cares.
"It is impossible to tell in print the story of the unfortunate
women who have been imprisoned here under these awful conditions.
They are treated better than the men.   Vou all know why.
"Two more days have now gone by.   Since we arrived a cooking
car has been put on. the train, with a large iron kettle, and yesterday
the guards claini to have given the prisoners a little soup. One kettle
for thirteen hundred and twenty-five people, and' soup    passed'
through a window a foot by a foot and a half, by nicans'~of an old
rusty can !   ....   .    . ■-".   Yesterday one of the women was taken out of
one of the cars by a Russian officer.   He will return her when   the
train pulls out.    ...    In this-car is also   an emaciated creature
that was once a man. He was a journalist. -His wife is in the same'
car. She has a very few days to live. When the men stand they till
the entire ear. On the two rows of planks built along the sides, the
dead and the living sleep as best they may. We were told by the
■guards this monTmiHirfrh'jrtftpi^^ meifliiiZniied during"
the night and the bodies had been removed. As we walked past the
train a man hailed us from one of the ears, and the guards were told
that there were dead inside. We insisted on the door being opened
and this is what we saw:
"Lying right across the threshold was the body of a boy not over
eighteen or nineteen years old. No eoat, merely a thin shirt, in such
tatters that his whole chest and arms were exposed, for trousers a
piece of jute bag pinned around him, and no shoes or stockings.
What agony that boy must have suffered iu the Siberian cold before
he died of ill tli, starvation, and exposure! And yet 'diplomacy' prevents us from taking charge and giving aid. But we are holding the
train!
"AVe climbed into the ear and found two other dead lying on
the second tier of bunks amongst the living. Nearly every man in
that ear was sunken-eyed, and half clad. Tliey were meked by terrible'coughing. They had tho stamp of death on them. If aid does
not come quickly they will die. We looked into a few cars only, but
at one window we saw a little girl perhaps eleven years old. Her
father, ahe said, bad been mobilized into the Red Guard. Bo now
father, mother, and child are on that train and will dio there.   .   .   .
"It is tlie 22ml of November, This morning we got up at seven
o'clock and left for the hospital where we hud an appointment with
Dr. Seletuiietf, the military chief. When we arrived we found every,
(hing iu a terrihlp comiit ion --more than four hundred patients with
cars, which wij,l help a little.
"Later I came down from Nikolsk in a box-car with three American soldiers. It was bitterly cold. AVe have no stove, but by alternately crouching together and then'-'at times wrestling and mauling
each other around we managed to keep fairly warm. We iinally reached Vladivostok at about'-nine forty-live. 1 am hoping that* 1 may be
allowed to go out in Siberia with Dr. Rosett ancl hunt for other death
trains.   AVe may not have accomplished much, but wc af least saved
a couple of hundred lives-for a time    .    .    .    .    ."'
$    *    -*   *   *
if any doubting readers still hesitate to believe thai
ties have  been  committed  by   the .■reactionary   forces  {
United States government has been lending its aid in Siberia, we refer them fo the official organ of the Red Cross, the Red Cross Magazine for April, in wliich appears tin- full account fro.m which we 1
Scott Hearing's
Weekly Letter On
■ U---S."-'" Conditions
sum ,-itroci-
whieh  the
• a ',•'-
quoted the ejo-erpts printed above There the whole story is 1 )ld.
with photographs; and yefnVit the whole story, for it is slated in nu
editorial note that "propriety has demanded, the exclusion of uup-h
that is unprintable" it) Air. itukely's damning record of the facts as
sent* io Red Cross headquarters.
Recognition of Invasion
A Summary of the Wee'*, Written Principally for Workers in
foreign   Lands
Xew Vork—-May Day has mme -uut
■Wi.e. Two niea were' kill-Mi; ;i \\.\y
crowns were cracked; many neejilo
were arrested, nnd the American
workers arc- a great deal wiser than
lliey were on April Jioth.
This is the lirst time in ru-eni years
that lhe workers'of the I'nited Stales
have attempted a May Day demon-
si rat ion on Huropean lines. A one.
day strike; meetings'; jmnule.s: tno
distribution of literature—tins was the
program. Its execution was made pos.
sible by the decision of ihe authorities
ia i-ome cases and in many other
eases, by the actions of uniformed sol.
dk-rs and sailors who raided meetings;
broke up parades; smashed furniture
and boat up citizens in the must approved military style.
Methods variml-—resiilis were tho
.~;i!iie.    In  Hast on.  Mass.. the i>:i':uie
From a note of Maxim Litvinoff to President Wilson, December j was attarf-teii »>y soldiers an.l sailors m
uniform.    In Cleveland soldiers    and
24,1918. j sailers combined in 'an attack  which
,., ,, " was iHiii>d bv, tho police,   in t!-e la'ter
.,. .    .     I city tlei soldiers and sailoris in i-nldi-
Ihe chief aim of ine Soviets is to secure lor tlie toning majority j iUnvio hr,,aking w lhe Sol.j;lii„ „ar,
of Kussian people economic liberty without which political liberty is jade, wrecked the Socialist headquar.
of no avail to them.    For ci<rht  months the Soviets'endeavored to | tor.-,   smashing   the     furniture   and
realize their aims by peaceful methiuls without resnriin, to violence. I *™>**£ ™ZlTZZ of %
adhering*to ihe abolition of capital 'punishment which abolition liati iaiors in New York, where no parades
been part of their program.    It wa.s only when their adversaries, the j »*■•': re 'tir.dertalicn because of th»> hnd
minority of the,Kussian people, took to termriistie acts ajrahisl-popu- X™^**    ™«ded     various   Socialist
." ,    ,      ., ,   .       i    i   „,      ,   i       e  f    -■       mceiinfis. including a house warming
lur members ot the'Government and invoked the heip ot foreign |p.trty jn the new o))ipe ftf fhe SocJa]_
troops. Ihat tbe laboring masses were driven to acts of exasperation ; ist daily. The Xew York Call.   Some of
and gave vent to their wrath and bitter feelings against* tbeir for-  the raids were peaceful, others   were
..       .,,..,. ...  ,.      •       .   ,   ■■.  ,    ,     ,.,,   accompanied    by the   beatiue o^   of
met- oppressors.   For Allied mvas.on of Russian iernton  not, onl>   unoffc;dJn|r c,t,ron8. , In tlu.\,atI oL
compelled the Soviets,agai^l tbeir own will to militarize tbe country  j|(,es a meeting „f   men, women   and
anew and to divert their energies and resources so necessary'- to the J children was in progress.    The   sol.
,       .- i. i,  '   -,   „,.i,,,,lt,+ ^,i ht- X'niM'—ifivc nf \\"„* ! diers and  sailors entered    tbe build-
economic reconstruction of^ssin,^1'"^1 j^011V^Mj_°^1! jing. broke on the meetlmr -nnd beat nn
^^4i*^eiwtfr-Oi-4Tttr-eotittti.$ pbttt m>™ cttfr-trti... imvj vitui—s-tniitva. oi j a num*5er 0f the men with clubs.  A de-
foodstuifs and raw material'exposing the population to most terrible | monstration in Madison Souaro tiar.
privation bordering on starvation. |^n; *f<>™«<\ ^ «»* ev^JnR as a
■   *,     . -, ,     •      .   . .1 11   1      if .„.,... ,..1,; 1. te''....rtc-iil'..  Protest against the imprisonment   of
I wish to emphasize that the so-called red terror, which is grossly Thoums f   Moo!iey> was flHac,(f)(, „y
exaggerated and misrepresented abroad, was not  the cause but Die  a inoj, 0( i>00o R0j*jjers   im<\   8ailons.
direct outcome and result of allied intervention  n"lle l>o»w.'..l» this   instance,   were
„,.     ,,      . , , . , ,       *,,,,*     ,! thoroughly prepared and Riircr-eded In
, The Kussian workers and peasants are determined to deleud j boat,nK back the unlform{Ml men af(CP
their dearly won power and liberties against invaders with all tlieja n 11 tuber of   severe   skirmishes    in
means tlieir vast couni ry puts at their, disposal...... 1 ■**,cl1 lhe I)0,ic<1 "^ thelr 0,ub8 rrec-
I understand that tl.e question of relations with liussiu is now jh'\.mwrMl, amsts werp   ,„„,,„_   of
engaging the attention of Allied Htatesinen.   1 venlure then tu sub- j civilian*.   So fur a« is known none ot
mit to you, Mr. President, that thi'i'o are now only two courses open jthe -soldiers or .sailors who organUe-1
to tlu'in.    One is continued open or disguised intervention on UiH,hp nttn<*" on Soda,ist   a"'1 ™"««»
,.,. , ,        ... ,        ..        ,. ! paraden and meetiiiKs was held by tho
present or on a still larger scale, which means prolongation of war, police.
further einbitternient of the Russian masses, intensification nf inter-1   The soldier mobs wero woll organlr.-
nal strife, unexampled bloodshed and perhaps total exteriuinatiot. \*d and led.  Their plain* were laid  Iti
uf the Kussian bourgeoise bv the exasperated masses. Iim.) devasfa-i",Ivfl,,/'('      '" *°m,\ f,aK»,s ",»c«" dl-
... , . , .,   ,     . ,    .. .        I reded or accompanied the RoldleM. In
tion oi the country and in case ol the i)iterventj.m..sts   alter u lo»Kiotherc»wK ibelcadcwhlp waioiitnut.
.struggle obtaining their ond, a white terror eclipsing the atrocities Md to privates
of the Finniush white gunrdists. inevitable introduction uf military ;    X« effort wan made nt concealment.
dictatorship iUid restoration of monarchy, lending to inierininable iTfl"   »°W»"n«   »«'   N'<'w   Vork   went
,    . ,      , .        , 1    ■    ' ,, •     1      , H-Jotmh the KireniM in rcKUiar ordor,
revolutions and upheavals and paralysing the economic deveiupmiii! jwllll fl *m\,,r .„ tht, hfl(u| of tht,  pro.
of the country for long decades. i-i.-Mon    The nnmi'i of the rlnglend-
The other alternative, which 1 trust mnv eoiumcinl it.-:-!f to vmi ,,r* w"r" mh]i«]m* ,,"v* **?• ,n n" °r
I- 11    .„     .• 1       » •        ,.    1   ■  .    "., ... * ""' t'!'f'«'r". yi't th.   police    hnvo left
is impartially to weigh and investigate into the one sided a •< usai   •.   ,,„,„ bi„1IO|oMi.h.
itgiunst Soviet Russia, to come to an understanding wiib ii;. s«u     >   May i>ay taught the Aiii««rican work.
,   , ,., .,,,.,,-       iiovfriinient. to withdraw the fonign li-oniis from ltu-.*i;m t<-rritor.   «ts more ihan »»»• lesHon.   First,  they
only three doctor* and tluee nurses,    two patients  nn  uiei   iiuiniri     . ,   _ .    ,, .   ..   ,    , ,, . '    .      .      , .    ,     * t i,...r,,,..i .1,11 iii„.«i.   u .i„,,i in   t*,.
.**'., ,   .      , ,    ,   .. , ,      ,,,,.-' I'ttM to raise the economic blockade, soothing therein th<' ,-\<-tt.-d n is    !   rn '   "•" 11!"m    '" """,' "«   ib*
lie nigtt, nnd the doctor had 1 is'-overei  ii'itry ill   lie   ivuig  li.   , ... .   .  .   n     ,    . .   , '      i i'mln.-d Suites.   The dutv conatlttttcd
*   -     ,        .. e -,***   '   . i'   t   •   *   v     * r  mons of the mn-sseH, to helji Ihissin to regain her own sources of sup-  .,,,», r,,i,, ■„ ri., ...,,. ,,, A,.AA,
be HufTeritig from diseases ot different kinds, including two .rases of    . m mmA .„   * „« i,». fa„i,„;'„i „-„;,  1      ♦ 1 -, , .      ,   ..     .-u»'' r,,»^- '«"•> •"*'•'«•">. r»'<a«wl
1 ply and to give nor technical novice bow to exploit ln*r natuinl n.-h.-. to p. rmtt parol* .-•. 10 s,tucuoii imbiic
Jin the most efTctSve way for the benefit of nil countries luidiy in \!)'/' ■■'"-*■'iMb,.-.-* or u, aii«»w iii^.tin*R»
'need of foodstuffs and mw muferiaN.
.«■!  !
hpluis.   We have situ-e learned that 11 week or so ago two men were
pill oft' lh<' train slltlVring from the same terrible scourge	
"Dr. S'eh-Ktiiei? vnx-o w* liis olliiia) report of the condition
tin-' forth, in corroboration of tin- sl'tries thai have been told lo in.«,
that during the wef'ks that tin- train had been moving to and fro. pas
jo'livrei-H bad died daily fi-nin :>  vni'iety of -aiwew. iiie|ildiii<.' Ivpbuv
''un
rcii:-iiip.*|   f'iv  wrel.s  v.ithtiu.
'li!
Mull 1-1'.
<> iirhi'r.i li'.-irnc'i furifi.'r, that in
i «iii>-.i s!-*»i*-:;, *h<"nr;st io miUortn
•». :,'■    HO  ,1*. ll!;,fl*..*    I   ,*••„,,,   (,*. if      „.'
i„ the course of the lighting Il.e Czechs occupied Sanmra, tbey simplyj'^"'"^ »iii..e„za, ;h,.I ordinary s.arvat.,
cleaned out the whole jail, pa<k<*d the prisoner* into thi, train, an.l!       "."''»"• !'<'<>pl ' «!>.• "*".. Imv.
M.nt then, out west,   Bciwcen that day an.l tl.e dnv before y. dcrduyl w«»» ,""'"i- »',thrt,,t UmM WJ,,,'r' i'n'1 """'>''"'" vV,ll!""! ,,"•',',    •   •
, ,.       1 11 •   1    ,i     ,  ;.. v;i, ,1 1,    ; ,i,* 1 .... 1,   1    r 'Accordintr to the tei<tiinn»fy ol  oUIm'I-s in cluirge oi  lie tnim. lie-
when We ionsid iius biiitbsome caravan in .Nikolsk, eight bundled olj ^ •
these wr,t,h.s ha.i ,lu,l from starvation, tilth, aud discs,, |„ «».,„«•,., ant of tb" ,««t,m, r.por:, Hal he had orders to tend the
Siberia there i„ mi.e-.v ami death ,.,. ev,.vy hand, on a *■«!, tl,nf!«»in back to the we.H, l..,i m mnt thatam;,,g tl,, ^wr* ih.tv
would ..ppat te, ,Uiul09t heart T!,ei'e Were, as l...«r on «e eiOlhl!"1" ",,!| « ««'»,»"'p "«' I ' "i^ s" »* i"'*1 «^'«»^ •' <ii;'1 !'"!i'"«- -*
i,„u,l. thiiteen hundred and twenty lii" uu-u. u,uu.h. .md . bihhvni ]'""'" »' ^'^ w< ^"> H'-'V.-l.s:.d.'
The OM and The New
arri-.r, umi \uvli ,10 -,,tv, -,.r«..*.i ii!*-e|iho«^|
t'i'.i
Hi.' iV.m
Wili-nm
the
3.;,.;
■tit •-
ily. ib.- W'.riil 1-   •omit,*.;
- ('oiifrt'i'iii i' a! I'ari.v    lis
Allfii Wi it.= * v lm v ,;-» ;
},<■-,',l'i !'*.r I',, -fiii-i! V'.'n
n-'.:'.,it '   v, 1  ;■
iff
penned m* in th"*"' awful tar** ye«!ter,iiiy. Since lifxt night **is hav.
died. By and by thoy will nil di« if the 11'.iiii ;* i»«-» >nitie,i t„ ,.*, m. ;■
tfti'dt couditioto*
"lt  M-etiw a  Wb-kid  tliiiez t»   >»>*-  but   iV  tle.ilgl.1   hn
iju-r.ii j'lii
11 *M   ..tn
" Vv «• are *hll ie-iding tiie tram by nn'iiin nf tin
, ,,„ ;., !tlli' t'-Zei-b  Jiellt.'lllllt!.  aii'l   ;ll i-,isi. i.f  )....**I  I      ,.<*,..
'ellgillf Hilt   of ord'-f.     I,'i*.f   O'i'jhf   thr*   . >:'t*i*<    tr,.*',i-  .I;,,-..   ,J   ;,,  ttlc-
^lir,..jv:giii*pl;if! in-Ktrttctir-m to tht client thit th-i V-dn potifivolv raurt pull
■'I.-,.
k|IMl-
!ivu;.!.'
J-I.t-it c:i
n.u> .-»..
i.-iti-
;«.'i.' in..:,
.iV'     gi'J,<.
.   mini   !»
I I   1 i ■ * ) ! I *   ,     '-.'>■
I  J   - .*.
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llli-i'!
***.*,
1,1*!.-.
:*.  '!*f
rn
-|. |.*-l:-oj,
'»!' on ;t\,
■r** ft
hf'.tich in
- -|.nH (.,
I.*.',.*. ,* .
•■'tlif   *.    *.{
;  liy lie*
m, 1 rs* <■-('■•
Aoiff 1
:t .'••:   !:!
:••!.(.■ i;u.
Kor
••■||*--|!
■Ivtl .-III
!--."*rtte,l
*i fife,
..olll I,.
*||f|»'.H*f »
'■   *«!f4l>l>
'*.; ,(■« 1?
-*r,- ii*!
*l*   -,,
t|.«-\
;     j M.* I 'I -
f(i,i»   in-
• 'tl
,-i.ui,' in me tlm' to ki?J these people painlessly would require pcrli,n;«!0,!t at one n m < '"', '' •  -' n !'■ ■•
three doilan' worth of pouon or t«sa doUan' worth of atnmumtion;       ' Nw ''''•  k"" ""bliug t«ic imi-
arid yet for u'ceki ihb train of My can to been wandering, driven
.•.ith .
11 . t
',jtl;U-) •*•!'■,
& *..*  *-■*■■■,-       - .       . 1... , .*,*-**        ,
ui iiu.*i'..rit!;..a: .'..-,(..>««:, 'ih.-i. -.<»'■ h.**-i.i ioAiyii.o **, hn i> m .* i.**\* ■ *"Hl"*u *>*•'" *'>  '* •"''"• >  ' *'"-
,-..u', iii.-,.ki10Ii **.»>   ..I*;**,*;*-*--  ■'*>•-   -V   ****"*.*.A   :.'..    «.,..'»**.      u,**v .,*'"'■■'» -"--"* *"*'-■**     -     -     *
*.A<\,»,. be.-H nl.cn *ave to drt.ff «il«   »h»- l...di..» of th- d.M.I. or *..!».'; ""^"' ;*-»*»*-" <"" ."" '••■••Ij' 'ir:d  '.*.* ,»*,-
-Mili-i iler<. *.'.-• n*    ■•■  .•  ,••* fcpiv    n   •• -nv  ...  .,.
I,:,-* \t ,.:>.,: 1 -.       f  '   • ■  • i".  - I    ■'    '	
11.v ll.i'-h '; '".   i 11. ' . j,  ',.   . '.
i- !,;•■• ,\ 1I-..0       ' ' n. •    j. ■   ■
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......     . ..... .     ....      .,,,,.» ...    t   '     ■  ,, !*,
i-   bur .;. ,1*1,. atlv-un i'.i;-« !^   r\, vi-ry s.,..v, ty ,..**5 v ■: •■ -..<,•,..•   ■ e' .,.1
;,t ., ._■;■ >  \   ■ ,' ii* ti,»-,k  'oml nt, A \-y ■ <-'i ■  ■ -lij j  ,; »,*■ t i   ■ ;; .
.1   !l . .'i\    'if,I itf..'.'-   .l-'d       .-, "'llf   ih'tt   *t"t\iy  U,l\f   |»,i! c   ,|:  ;i<„|   |;.,i'     •!,*..
■■'. 'l-.i.   i)   .ittb   .s'tln'rib   ..«t. th.-y.ir.J \*.!-..*n l!o--! «sjf*iN;i;,^ .■(:...,I,..., aw-i.h'-.-     .-,
.,•.!      ,. ,     .      ,,}'i    * in*. \*     " i>, ' |ir'.-!i'-*» '-• *ff, .',* 1-. . •   •*"'•   ■■■       "
'in.,
'"li  !'-.   "i    "   '>:   1"      *,i'iV**-*<   V,'l,l.»* It,,*  (,•(!:.«■*,   ...  , ,ffl'\   i'l*
it    t!   •*■ 'J
-h-M
'7.1: v f.*** v«
•'-<  !   1
A tuf-.7t:v -ATI's fib.- i I'- .-?""> A "*n W-'.'tr if^v.-n tl--h.
■  »,;,,„,, ; ..j, ■; };..,   •**, -.i,,!,.}   fit.\. !-*.fli "Sr«. iin'.it hi.- i.*.*I'* .,!,;. riff! -«    -   *•*<*<*-■*    Xtt..i. I .'.tn  i.-iU: pi' -i i «>* *   :i   -\ ''*.
It..- fci-.umtiUi"!. «-f 7',l[, :» VtUAli iU-**- i**;-,A- A.-   A*. ,-, «,i7. ....- A ■ ■*  Kfcu X*,S\* . -it** Retl :,i*,^«s* ftp tt bt.t | w"-  ';.*;
;,,,,, .,*;*., y,h*;_i ,....-s 1.-%..*-**    Tl:tV*>"*tthv:T7\. s.hoyzAi. d.*t,y *\'ii.h'   T..:::- 7, '-...-  *.;,.,-.i..^ t'u an it*:.
%,i ***> U*i». V.-— -»^«.,.■* iuo».i^.Uu: -UWU.V..L. .."—*. IU n*^,.. *."**. i».«.'.. -^l i-,*,-U% *,*, d^  ..*.- ,**, *c*on «r \Ve *---,'\ --':;
!ti«i» r*oplt l&ro batn ntbjected to tnck awful ikprivatlot and ttbim. • <*** old wndlife^ wl'? r.«trn> md iltprc -All he f r
Ee tria* lo ttakc &* beat iUxy of i: poutirfe.   'i :.■■>  - *.   *-,-•,'- -.d.lLi-^ft tU tl:., s..*,. .'•«>• hom «ac!i car.
l.s h»»ve «'-" -* *''•' r«'j»ubriy a» 'he iViXvrt'Ul tttAU-mi-. aJ<»«itt 'iho nmto,'       "Kovj^ber £3*--T». •"-*->'   -*-i   $«-s*-'..- (»r  \7 !.*
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,,„. .- .-^..^j^-aw..- -
PAGE POUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 23, 1919
Hangs
^wJu^^jfgdycr.
uJi
'zmgiaf'ix^sz:'
Owned, controlled and Published by District 18, United Mine
Workers of America. Subscrip-
Advertising rates on application,
tion price $1.25 a year inadvarice.
Thoroughly equipped for high-
class job printing of every description.
Phone No. 9 P. 0. Box 380
ed, it looks stranger still to see
attitude now adopted.
the
LABOR SOLIDARITY AT COAST
T::o absence of the editor of this
paper for a ,wee!i has somewhat dis.
arranged the make-up and has led to
the holding back of several interesting
features which will appear in the next
is-sue.
The past week has been somewhat
of a holiday for a great many of the
editors of papers in British Columbia
who gathered at Vancouver to attend
the gathering of the B. O. Press As.
sociation. Tlie Press Association gathering was not the only event of in.
terest at the coast from the viewpoint
of The District Ledger. Much as we
appreciated the words of wisdom
we heard from brother editors we
were more moved by the evidences we
saw and heard of the increasing solidarity of the wage workers at the
coast. We saw many turned away
from four great labor meetings*—real
labor meetings. We heard thousands
cheer and re.cheer far more revolutionary utterances than this conserva.
.Uve journal ever prints. We became
convinced that the great awakening
is nearer at hand than ever the most
optimistic of xh in District 18 have
dared hope for. Not one word did
we hear uttered in favor of law-breaking, or sabotage, or anarchy, or any
of those dread things about which so
many big newspapers are muttering.
On every hand there were appeals for
the workers to increase their stock of
intelligence and to realize that the
world was theirs as soon as they learned how to act together for the over,
throw of a system of profiteering which
has outlived its usefulness.
Later we will write more about it,
but now the time has arrived to put the
issue to press.
iu this issue. This perhaps will give to
the workers a. real clue to the in.
truest now being displayed. The employers are realizing that the workers
are getting next to the skin game that
lite; been played on them all down
^through th-e ages.   They are realizing
The last and by no means the latest
of the new forms of this latest mani.
Testation of the employers interests in
rhe workers' welfare, is the solicitude
my Mie welfare of the workers ex.
pressed in the letter sent out by the
Employers  Association  of B.  U.,' and
HOW IT IS PROPOSED TO END BOL.
SHEVISM
Despite Handicap of Famine and Economic  Upheaval  BolshevikUn-
fested Land Lives
(Vancouver Sun Special Cable)
London, May 19.—The military cor.
respondent of the Morning Post is   of
the opinion that the Allies and   assoc.
.... , , ialed powers may still easily suppress
which-is reproduced m another column {tho Bolshevist power in Russia. ,   He
says:   "It is one of the apparent anom
alies of the recent situation that European Russia, which has suffered more
than almost any other beligerent coun.
try during the war, has lost contact
with the outside world, is a prey to
famine, has a currency utterly debas.
lhat the working   class   attitude to.! od, and is surrounded    by    enemies,
wards*their slavery is no longer sub.
missive, and as it is only through the
enslavement of the workers that pro.
fits can be gathered,' theyi thg employers, are concerned in what the
workers are gaining in the way of
knowledge of their class position, lt
is this that is worrying the employers,
not the welfare of the workers, but
the welfare of the employing class,
which depends on the submission of
the slaves to the rule of capital. The
petty humbug that is now being displayed by the employers, however,
will not fool the workers. It is too late
In "the day. The workers know that,
only by a change in the system can
the needs and requirements of the
workers be met, and that there is no
identity of interests between capital
and labor. That only by the elimin.
ation of class distinctions, which are
brought about by the class ownership
of the means of which production, can
the class war be ended. It is too bad
that the employers should be so foolish
as to spend money on this kind ot
stuff, in view of the fact that they
could much better spend it   on safe.
still manages to exist under the Bol.
slievist tyranny, and not only to exist
but also to display on all fronts a
considerable and a growing military
power.
We must: trace the causes of this
state of affairs in the first place to
the great natural resources of the
country, to the large population in the
second, and, thirdly, to the political efficiency of the .Bolshevist system,
which, whatever its faults, and however certin the economic ruin which
it must entail, certainly has succeed,
ed, in a manner which must not be un.
der.estimated, in establishing a semblance of internal discipline and an
appearance of external strength.
Soviet on Warpath
So long as Bolshevist armies, now
aggregating half a million on the frontiers of Soviet Russia, and as many
behind, remain more or less unbeaten,
and the troops of the so.called Extra,
ordinary Commission, composed of
non^Russian elements, dominate, as
they do, the interior, there is no great
chance of the Bolshevist political sit.
nation remaining anything but strong
guarding Oie slave when   he    is at The resources of Soviet Russia are be-
work, and that it is an impossibility
td save the slaves from their coming
freedom, and the ruling class from get.
ting down to work, which is so laudable a thing for the workers, and so
undignified for any member of the ruling class. Can it be that our old friend
■Makovski is breaking out in a new
role, and is hiding his light under a
bushel, a bushel of pamphlets, and
advice?—B. C, Federationist.
-O-
THEY BE,GIN TO UNDERSTAND
HOW KIND THEY ARE.
ing devoted to war, and while the
Allies and associate powers are rapid.
ly reducing armies and pretending that
there is peace, Soviet Russia has been
steadily accumulating strength and
preparing for war.
From the old and the new divisions
there have been gradually constituted
12 Itussian armies, each of from three
to eleven divisions, numbering in all
500,000 men in the field, while behind
j are the garrisons and the reserves   of
! approximately equal numbers.   There
| are something   like 2,000   guns of all
calibres, about double as many ma.
chine gns, while   Sestrorietsk,   Tula
and Tambo.ff continue   to   turn   out
rifles, and there is no immediate lack
of small-arnv ammunition and shells.
One group   of   five   armies,   125,000
Lord Robert Cecil, English conser.
vative aristocrat, undorstjinds what
British labor wants. Unlike most of
his class, he has waked up to tne in.
ner realities of the industrial revolu.! fitrbng. faces Koltchak in the east; the
tion.   Lord Robert tn a letter to   tho : <*h arm>'> wlth Bome 60-000 men'    ls
London Times says, "Even where,   as opposed to tho Allies, in    the   north.
W-a-smalWorce-la-aUsEksstanT
p-nrcn
it is really interesting iu these days
of storm and stress to see the effort s
that are being put forth by the employing class to protect the workers
a-Ralnst pernicious propaganda. The
methodH adopted are varied and many,
and must cost conniderablc money.
There has been brought to our notice
this week a fow of those nehemes to
save the workers from tlieir own mil-
pudity. Of courso, tliey must be
stupid or they would not need tho kind,
l.v Kollciiude of their masters, to pro.
vent thein swallowing without con.
Kiderallonall that is told theni, and the ,f
employers knowing that thev arc Keir-reB')act
otiipltl, do not intend that they shall * Thc wor!ur ,lare »ot surrender
be led uway by any false ilocirincH, or ■ T'*M '" th" ,,mtro1 of h'» »wn
by turoslm* concocted In the nu.iils ol
tiilre prophetH, mieii ub are to dnv in
the labor movement.
is very~orrortne case, Tne~BiarpioyBrrj
are excellent, where they take. great' nml the mass'Of the western south,
trouble to meet the wants and desires western and southern groups, number-
of their employes, where thev    pay t"P over 300,000 men, occupy the vast
far as the workers are concerned, but
it can apply to others. If there is one
outstanding feature in all the history
of the struggles of labor, it is this,
that the workers themselves are ifever
the first to break the peace, but, that
this has always been due to irrigation
stirred up by the misrepresentations,
lies, and slanders of the bourgeois
press and ito the activities of the paid
provoctuers and thugs of the employ,
ing class. It is for the employing class
and their friends to pay heed to. tho
terms of tliat resolution of the returned
soldiers. The possession of a battery
of machine guns and uniformed men
in your pay is no criterion that you
stand for the interests of law and order or in 'the interest of a decent.or.
ganizafion of life.
According to reports that reach us
here on the Pacific Coast ihe strike is
well supported and organized, and'
labor is out almost 100 per cent. That
in itself bespeaks organization, discip.
line and control, and is tho best guarantee for the preservation of law and
order. Organized labor will see to
that. The pretentious anxiety of the
press over the situation is mere cam.
.•milage, covering up its real desires,
that something untoward may happen
which will afford excuse for armed in.
terventlon.
We remember when a big strike was
on in.Great Britain, some time before
tho war,'that ail the editorial scribes
in this country were saying that a
strong man was needed at the head of
affairs in the old country. And, whisper it not in Gath, the then German
Kmpercr, Potsdami Bill, as the irre.
veront used to call him, was suggested
as the man with many considerations
as to his superior qualifications over
ix certain other. person, his cousin, to
wit, and there was much speculative
discussion as to his chances of succeeding to the British throne.
That was a good example of the way
the    fundamentally    ignorant   bour.
SHOCKING AFFAIRS IN ENpLAND.
Millions Exist   With   Oniy   a   Room
Apiece for Habitation
London—Terrible statistics were
given by J. C. Davison, M. P., a for.
nier sanitary inspector, in his speech
in the House of Commons on the
Housing .Bill recently. There were
3,500,000 people .in -England, he'said,
who live in less than half a room
apiece and 23,000,000 who live hi a
tenement of from one to five rooms.
Over 500,000 more houses were reqiiir.
ed merely to allow for the provision in
England of one room per head. These
conditions were reflected in the rates
of infantile mortality, which, Mr. i)avi-
son reminded the House, were as high
as 160 per thousand for miners, and
160 to 250 per thousand for unskilled
laborers, while the doctors it was
only 40, and for the middle classes
generally only 77 per thousand. Not
400,000 new houses were required as
had been stated by those responsible
for the bill, but a million, if the pre.
sent insanity houses were to be re.
placed.
DireetopyofU.M.W.ofA.
i
DISTRICT 18
Headquarters, 316 Beveridge Building, Calgary, Alta.
President, P. M. Christophers,    Vice-President, Alex MoFegan,
Blairmore, Alta. Brak, Alta.
Secretary-Treasurer, Ed. Browne '
International Board Member, R. Livett
District Board Members
Frank Brindley, Fernie; B.C., Sub. Dist. No. 1
John Brooks, Bellevue, Alta. Sub. Dist. No,2
Chas. Peacock, Lethbridge, Alta., Sub.- Dist. No. '3
Frank Wheatley, Bankhead, Sub. Dist. No. 4
John Kent, Wayne, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 5
David Fraser, Brule, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 6
A. Benson, Sub. Dist. No. 7
Steve Begalli, District Organizer
District Solicitor, H. Ostlund, Lethbridge, Alta.
STRIKES
NINE.FOOT
COAL.
SEAM    OF
iCoal of very excellent quality was
struck last week on the (Mutz property
in the west end. A gang of men un.
der the superintendence of Mr. C.
Chestnut have been working^ tunnel
for the past month or so and on reaching a point about two hundred feet
from the surface a seam nine feet in
thickness was uncovered. The coal has
been tested and found to be of very
high grade.
Arrangements are now being made
for the laying of a spur-line from   the
geoisie imagines you can solve all soc., c p R _ and R traffl(J cr08Blng will be
ial problems-either import a "strong" opened up just east of the twin brld
man or deport a so-called agitator.   It
is so easy—a solution like that, it hard.
ly costs any thought or—profits.   The
working class, however, are beginning
to see that there is only one way   to
solve the problems of today and that
is fot society itself to own and control
its own means of life and so abolish
the -wages system of exploitation.      j
We earnestly caution the general
public against the "kept" press. The
members of working class organizations need no warning, the past re.
eord of this tool of the masters of
society is graven too deep in inefface.
able lines, within our memories.—
Vancouver Red Flag.
ges.
The mouth or the mine is about
three hundred yards from the C. P.
R. Crows' Nest line, and the vein ex.
tends over an area of about two or
two and a half miles.Blairmore Enter,
prise. '
—— o	
ONE BIG UNION MAN
TALKED AT TRAIL
William Potter, of   Fernie,   Explains
Objects of the O. B^U.—Num.
erous Questions Asked
A TASTE OF ANARCHY
(Trail News)
j    Last night a meeting was held over
; the store of the Trail Mercantile com-
! pany, the object of which was to ex-
! plain the   new   proposed   One   Big
Anarchy is   sometimes  defined
absence of organized   control.      The j ^°-  18, United
j Union, the speaker being William Pot
as i ter, of Fernie, a   member of District
Mine    Workers   of
them good wages for moderate hours f™nt *ro>n Petrograd to the Gulf of I definition perfectly fits a situation des- j America—a coal miners' organization
The workers nt  Anyox are rowiv-
Irv "t fr.-Mi."iit l!)t«.rvril-. p unjihl..t.s
which an- iloi-iiRiH-d to miw tbo wori;-
•'Tri'from many nnd varied forms of
noitritifi-!. In une of the aiorcnien.
tit nod   pnniphirtii,   appears   (liis   p-is
Hit)?*''*    '■
Whnt K  In ini*  .'iihori-ui'ii jn»(  n<,*,-,
I-i    tt','    MT-fklV,"    Cl,'    t'i**'       Ul.U--   it:.',   1.1!.-
run)illl!    til"      <'V I'll i|)i-      *-:^!,,m, 'J'),,,
'   "   '' >"■• ':'-'   "I'l -"1     '    .Olll    L'llilf   r.,Hl,*i;i|
hw* com-, .nu xtri>< r|v |n fuwir nf v,.\.
••rin'.' -li r'n!!;n-.,-.  >*• I<h inf.-n.-iU'mul
trndo |in|-f»jis, **■*><! Hv,!l|»h Hi-" ri'-.i 'oil l»
i<ol iii.hI'» ;iliM»litt<;ly dHlnilo. il Is inv
alid provide them with various amen-iK tea, and thence to Odeasaand the
ities as well, all this is done   for   the  ,)o»-
men as a voluntary act of benevolent Bolshevism Depends on Army
despotism, or as the consequence of; The Allied and antljBolshovist forces
tho law of supply and demand. That which immediately confront these arm.
Is to treat the relations between the ion are less strong In the aggregate,
parties from a wrong standpoint. A < putting aside German, Roumanian and
man's labor is a part of himself, and ] <>,pcho.Slovak troops But the dltTer.
not a mere commodity to be bousht t,i,co is not very appreciable, and the
and Hold in the market. He hns a right m|]|lnry effort now required from tho
to be consulted as to its disposal, and j Allied and associated powers so to in-
ennnot glvo to another uncontrolled . (,,,„P fhp ba!nm>e that decisive victory
power over it without    Injury to his ■ m.,v a(t0„d tbv nntl.Bolshevist forces
lii a comparatively Blight ono. A
ronpte of hundred thousand mon or
Icrs, thrown in -almost anywhere, com.
binod with odixmalc assistance of n
mainly toclmica! kind to the antl,
itolshoviitt fort-es, Hhould radically
. allor the situation, and it is probable
Mini with ibo t'olltipno of iln armltv,
'*r>VVi.n'i"m It'u-lf would rapidly co!-
h',|is<> too.
The pm: Mention and milll-catlon of
t'n-.--'" \< oot nt nrc>«rnt ii H-i'i-loun mill-
':•!•}• propo-vion. The pfb'-r* hnv<->
only to b'« glvon to Marshal Foch tu
*("!, and I>'<for<* *h" summer Is over ibo
I'..ii< of i;<il*--ln>vi'on will !h« walt^i
Win it :*i \:-\-:> tvlf '.\--.e men iv.nl n-sr
hia
ac.
t'nns. Stic!) a surrender means slav,
ery, no matter what the material sur.
i-oundlngH of the wluvp may be, The
esiHte H.vKteni ju Industrial life musi
go Tho Mionor Its -boneflclarieg
r^iilic.e (hi* »li*> better it will lie for all
nMii"criH'd.—-Scott  Xraring,
It Was Ever Thus
cribed in the last number of the (The chair was taken by Peter *B. Bo.
Monthly Labor Review of the United,\ lam, formerly secretary of Trail Union
States Department of Labor. Thej No, IOH, International Mine, Mill and
article In question is entitled "Lalior (Smelter Workers. The meeting was
Turnover in tho San Francisco Uay' orderly and there was a good attend;
Hegion," i ance   of   workingmen   and   business
Fourteen establishments witli 14,-: men,
,ti8!i full time employes ou the pay.! Mr.-Potter explained the object of
roll, hired during the year :)2,tS'.i his visit, which was to secure me,n
people. An agricultural implement; bers for tho One (Big Union, stitlnn
pli.nt with ovor 2.000 full time em. among various things, that the O. H.
ployeH, hired about an equal number \\ wrf) working for a slx*our day
during tho year. But an iron and - wi(h a wage of one dollar per hour. He
stt. I plant with tiOK lull time employe* ha(lnot h(,m pr£wnt nt th<,>,wj)rv
| hired 2.901 persons during the year,   mmm,oni now raorp or ,esR tnmoW)
Address
Fernie, li. C.
Michel, B. C.
Corbin, B. C.
Coleman, Alta.
Carbondale, via Coleman
Blairmore,'. Alta."
Prank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
Hillcrest, Alta.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Federal Mine, Lethbridge
Coalhurst, Alta.
Commerce, Diamond City, Alta.
Taber, Alta. >
Bankhead, Alta
Canmore, Alta.
Nordegg, Alta.
Wayne, Alta.
IVivinheller, Alta. ,
Rosedale, Alta.
Aerial, Alta.
Drumheller, Alta.
Drumheller, Alta.
Monarch-Mine, Alta.
Yellowhead, Coalspur, Alta.
Lovett, Alta.
Oliphant Munson, via Coalspur
Diamond City, Alta.
Mountain Park, Alta.
Mile 22, Coalspur, Alta.
Pocahontas, Altn.      .
Brule, Alta.
Humberstone Mine, 0
Secretary
Harry Martin
Henry Beard
J. Glover
John Johnston
Dan Rogers
Rod McDonald
BVan Morgan
John Brooks
Frank Lote
Charles Peacock
Matt Petras
Percy Spencer
Albert Zak
Alex. McRoberts
Frank Wheatley
N. Di Thachuk
James Bewsher
John Kent
John'O'Sullivan
S. McNiven
I. Radocy
■V. Parker,
J. K. Adams
Robert Parry
J. P. Morris
K. Lund
Joseph Ormond
3760
4096
,4084
.41.18
4119
Evansburgh, Alta.
Cardiff, Alta.
K. McGillivray
W. C. Stephens
L. A. Williams
Mack Stigler
Box 488, Edmonton
Ed. Eastham
Will J, Keen
W. J. Bourquc
\
Twin City Mines,; 9710-$5th Ave,, Strathcona
Robul Jones
Sturgeon Mine, Namao, Edmonton     D. A. Thomas   „
Dawson Miiie, Edmonton, Box 792    Thomas Coxon   |
KtTtrerBOTHr^r
4121      ~~CIover Bar, StraTlicona
4184 Coal City, Taber
27 Regal Collieries, Taber
William Durham
0. H. Davis
!SJ
IjMBISIllSISlSKlISIS*®!^^
*.!(>'ti,..*   t.*
'ifilCll  <-T"
I.
ill
-,'H
■th-*
«»i*
IM.
it   V^ l>'>  *,)*.
!)*\or t,( r«':<>"!i, It'll  thn«t- ! mi!    thr
(kiM'-i! to ei-»ri'*!i|i-r r>-;t»imnM>< <-ii::.:>f-.
tloniH. An li>hta:<-f <• of iM« wj-i «h'vi\-|-
'((■!!• , t'ir*..ji|i-s»t-t;» i1«*|<-—riti- ivl-li*".! -•-*
-*o al •tf^j.Mt th" tnntlmi. hut h" v ;»*«
/■■ii' >i i »-il* of n .-h:il>(<-. tfi i-'-.|,re •••
hlniwlf  il.uahi*!   lh.    propim.'i!
Vow ih,-..,- nr>. -ir-in^,- -1,'itt.tn
■ Itl-   |!l
Lift- ot ito-  ',.><»* lbs'  l« Irt-il'-K    *
.i**t li"
!'•(• i*i«'-***r*-{i    i.rr,-*ln-'i1t*,i*. ■  *>i ff
mj .it
ih.   !''<   -"   r    .,,1,1 ••*,■*■ u .rl;. **.
tf,'.',.
m 'Miffi- ■-'f-t In thi* f»-*;mj>hlf-t
Inv-."-*.
,(,,*,•„      ll.".,      <>.,        ,,,   l,,,l|      »,    9     ,*9,        ,
t,,,i,*-i?
tUttt nt ftf,- t-t!5».!*-»*i<'f* f(, th* tl
n i
or!!.* . i»y* U !*-*! .* it-**, :*; ful
f il-; .
liliifw iti;«i «,'-«' >*■■:■.( x*r*'Aih*'d h%
liH-in
li. r.  i.f <:*r,: "td/- <i :■.'/•>!      t.i
in'h' r
jipinpN*," t*«.(j'*<i io !!?»• *iij>-,<*.,
ii thi*
From (in. d.'iitti-- nf i!;.i UiroM of
prlnioval d«>« Mprun-K ilit» I'onmlfHs
»i.-,i<|<''« <>f ■■•ar*h'-' or.'-Mi-oti. ..(H-h ilf-vour.
ito; that which iiitUllcs iho ImpuN" to
ptv»i»rvi. Ufi>. Tli<( mriif?i?lii» tit livt»
brinij'* prr-st,tiri' m h<>;.r moro nml
more upon thread<« of   »»i«» »ttriictur>>
Ih-.t ',*•',I.. I,, ii.,. , i ,,.,,! .,,,,.*,. ,,r liv,,-,*. .
'•I'-tv-i. The rinilnr ford In not tn mo.
if'ti. the Imni. of prrf^ctlnn tiirnw h(»r<»
nd turns !ht»r<*, the ivory tii*l*->    o*
iiionsierr'* wets thr patuc nt nil corn.
>*[*', th»* r-otlSi-n s«n 'heir vetioti'i. nnd
(he »|lmv, *nl»tl<, m>rl»*tl« of f;irnl
u.r;» threnit-ti to .!r.\oiir To t'llinli t>
tr»-•*' or *r*>*-t»<|t» in ,t rnve nt formerly In
::io fit'-e of niirh a growlhR mt'itimt.
n-rtn i!!*<-f»ser«"l   i'  '" h'-- o-O'len^,    T'i
■ II ihf* leaderst nro In lh*> HiUUm-lHt
;•;!,.*. h:** *to:ni',ijl>.to!5. "'i'l v.'b"n. '-* tl-""
iii-rlor   111're  I** V.'i' only n» P^l ••«.
u.-i.i j,,   ;,*it   tk'»-:>   lii:<»iii    hoKtnit.v,
nnd an explosive plant with l,7i>5 cm.
ployen hired 5,4011 porsons durinu tho
I your. Of the total number of persona
jwho loft Jobs, 1,820 wero illsclnirftcil:
i".7n were bid off: l.llfii ontorcd th<>
i mlHtitry nervier and 15.702 tjftit. The
j article-poos Into further detntl with
i rernrd to th- number of \v«h«I<h ol nor.
■ vice of thc cmploveB,—1,00(1 wtnyed one
' ^,-f eli nr Iiks; "SS, per cont wore on th"
' Joh for leas thnn thro-.* months.
.    'i'l.;*. t-l' fi*ar.«t\ thrown «n itst^-r *■
\ mi: f-idi'liffht «u the fondltlon of   in.
'uM.itil di ,'ir(i,in!",itiun that ord'ovr.
! ily prinalls In it Krcnt hu»iii*t*t*.-« rnuor.
! r-.jilntlM -.orMv Ih stupid ami mef.
! u etivo nt bout..   At wor»t, It i* merely
a iai<H-i»8-ca5t.:..t i:i nn tlwd of turnins
, «>'iit ii produet at the Jowost co, t nnd
itMdliim it for tln» hltfltesl prli-f,    T!u«
nt which n resolution hud heni on.
dorsed syrnpathhiiiK with tho hol:,ti.».
vlkl of Hu*siiit nnd atated h«» would
not Imve voted for that resolution had
lie lK'i»n there, He hcdk'VPd th«1 the
Unie hnd nnno when tho workiusineii
■diottld ro over the hen-',;; of the'i<cv.
cnunoiit and pel what thoy w.tnlod
by a nationwide Htrik*- throne!) tlu*
Ono nix l?nioiv
Tbo r.pt-'iitor tnllcod for half nn hour
or mute, «nd *>*x-i-ml of tlio returned
foldierrt who w*t>ro Invited nuked nup'i.
i!rt'i« n«id it," 1** !<hort t!*?kf. Mr. 1'ot.
t"r )iroveil to he qnltf *cU>vcr on tn-i
plHtform. bm did not givi* mat)}
i'irr.iKht on' nml out repli**1* to <nii«»riot
th;"  *. ■ rf 'mt ti him.
Tommy t'ontollo, « ruturtn tl koIiIUt,
h!lo   on   tin- 'Uo of th« n.sx*ncl5ttH»:|,ni*„an bf>ittK*< -ronwrnMl in the irons,  inue a short talk, n*kim If I'otter np.
•■.■tjibit-h
ti-'**i'l»!ts.'*»l|'
fur<-
..    'Hit*
oi i.;-.
«i*r t*y
i« (vol to errtdir -o
iv  i  pr'swiT;"    foTt*
io.i1».'lii -   In  4 >   ■■■•
ortll etonp* bo »!f»
"I,  ,
!-
fi.fi"i-ivi   -lv i       id-    u*!i.r:»' •!    'ii'ni
»trllr**»«.   Ttil* Hr,»* of ni'snrtt-nl i*
MCf-'ifci   l,U,tr.   Iti:ill   -ttif    »»»'*■■»    pititii   -I,
no
ii i,   f):,\ rl-*. r  ",nt t!,i ;i ii.  '"*-   '*'* '-,,:■
nt i>* *kn***. and whit* r-n i*airtt*H?
In their demand tmt tPtotneH *tM\*t$
„it,.    i. . *•  i ,.    »»,,*»,
J),'*.-'     ttl*'-    "•>'!*■'-**■ '!)♦,-    I\t   tit,*]*    i'-9*-.*,t
>«-ro*" f«r t*-*'-:*-. p.irt »>( >tv- o>r«»*.t,
wit*8?*' pr«b'«t.lv man K'ol no* ffnt-htvl
♦ .*f*. x -i ff. f- *w'<o*:*,"*: --■' !>)■>*■*' i^t-t'liltft to
M-titTil op »'*-r»ir    tt«-f?hlK»r*    -ind arm
tltcwu-he,   »Uh  rl«»t«, 1-b*:**fi  b*  rf»f»,
• *       *     9*   , ,      ,,, |  |1 . ?„     ,. ,m  ,,,. ,,„ ,.   „*
**,,, .,-,ii„i**.. »*,**• it^r,.********, 1h*lr
it*, ft tmrtet «h*» -i»*-nlii»lfii ml ropl.
m!t*m mnny tbnm** l»»vt» lafcun plot*.
front ihf ii»4t»i<*i«i»l.»»ii*-4 f*«iLiuir> (•»
powt«rt« tte-n. -ar,. wt ill .--m'-h vant tnili. \
i tri powi r<. only niii- rod to the cum* ■
iuiIkh i'«n lo* foretetoi. and with Ihi.t *
tml will <<nt<- the only •»<•♦;li-iin»iit <d
i nrojie at |»i»«(.m mhIiiu «inht, «n»i i
th< cio to *,! th*- «hn|ii< r of tin* war.
tt  -
A WAHMI^G ACAINRT THE "KEPT"
PREfS.
The   kept" pi-tiiM in rmiaila N IkltiR
at. to H* Job hiiiI it* re|Hit«t|f»n.     Th*t;
V.Hti'oUSt r   "r'llll"   -<*lii'.|..J   lljr  i./ciiuloi!
,,' ti,.- Wittt'liti if "dftHr  •; i ;-"«**;ir wl«l,
.i.ilium J«-*l *-.* tno.. h**'id**. r««iho« "\t>*'   ■
_« rs.ii* r^rUr*' An-atuM iUt|-n|i«>-iUm" In'
il'-in* »h)« O 'Ttt''itl'<'f«i In .-ilfciire   <h<*
ntHon*
vo-trfnr
smount   to   notbinrt - M<-ott
Breap Line In New York
Rtmnrknblt  CAmpnign  i
United 6t«t*t to Itop
Mlarstfon
---.*
It|,,*  t-l   1h«-   lt'»S   tviltlt!
tlll-S«'    li.l^S    III    ill-'    ill', il'i    .O.l-I-
s-'ri  ihoHs»*B«l» h»vi« lo l«* f«l
»,  V.tr;.
Hut..
b> tht.*
it*  l#*l|e Hi
■■ ■  i-roo i-'■*...
''I*   t't tfi»f|"\v> i
.,-.- ft th-   i
it.
uie   (*■
; p* ,-*?!.
i.'f HtriMft,
,,«  r»-t
»;».  In
'■ndlnr
,*Wi
■ b. w't
I'btt ••
hirh If* m«»r
'«ll!l   «.»!    l-t    1 ,l*|i-|-
j>Utt»i«itt •   ttt    th->
;»«*'1V ,-» fir"!**>»*>'-1
ll       IV.'.   U'l!. ,        ». '( ,*
:,-..!   f.-   - Vl!'* ■   ••-,
*.*:tt(jt|»*jj nj s -.tib*
III*. ««rf|'i-.        \ t.'tttt**! re-vt'r.j? t,'    •-,*i
vhol*»» «!!»|tttrh  hnw-isvfr, nv-Mh ih#
i-.n-n i«wi I.:** tf-mmtiiM wim teiened
tut},*l ul in«(il>  ill «i|iirl tt* *p,»:n *.mint,t*
.-• i-rirt tt),f» tlirjr itodif-> to .ti»ittt) th<-
,-i  .iti.   4ii   -.i-iifih   of  *ofll      Tin*  of
i*.i.itt»,ma*. i*i th.-;*'- vlio ••'..■-■iii *'»•■
*«r*rit* thti" mow »«d «komt»» «lw bavt?
N-»**ti worlmiig In tbe inwnHkMi <•«*,«*.
«■■■,.-     -  ** , .,, i..**« i*..i..*,*»n»lt 1n IM»
.« Ii'-ricl Of bM*lllt»«*
tin .-,), ii-. r ih:
i*ifiiiiw»*v«ft
to flit th"1 v»ri««* Job*, mtny r*>tnrn«»»i; th* tm*t. Irom tbm ttntt to lh*- toto* *it.| it* r«>f«tf*»*iu-ni »<» ltoUh»«t*m hntly
Aet t%t"ti* timdWom, we tm **'■'•    thi*
fitly  ""■» <'''-'" *•"».-*!*«»*' *    ot   tttrllr***
WimiM lb"jr net t-no** lh* f»mp«r.y ttm [
*j«l*i>r-»M* trwnM*"*   Th*r* nr*. mnny'
Otbot ontapblttda that nt* l»»-i*ft* Um*-d -„
t» t*» tmtwi »t thtti mwi^rii   «l»»»
plWtt'iffrti  ftt thr norih   d**f1tie with ■
HtA*bt*tt*m. nntl many ettbet ♦«!»* *M
(•,*- ^p JW*.,.,;,9 «* *!,*,% tfe*. i»vor**f-r»
Into the #*'ii!if and ft.m*i>rxat',it- jtatb* ^
nm tttmrlr ttttmt   bt th»   *»i*.bw*r*. \
)J9,9     ^•<i|W!   *tH»*   ■hW"'*   ■'«*■•»'*■**       '.I*       ****     ■?■■*-**-»* »J<4    X*f     '*»*   W.*-K*lifvf' t*    •»»*■%.*    -,*
pnttlbntty of lb* wrtvtw other r**omitem. to trhlHi th* tlifttnt
r*r»!k! '*|th «M» w*. %*» nfe* ****■ ■ fe*-»*!h»*« h't*! **** no   **t%itm wim*-
l«:»?o« ftf norfclitnm^n'* nrtrinji*«*mi». "»'*»'«««« «hM» «-»tii»tn«l r,<x r*t*r*n*f
totl»nla« with tb* craft anloni       Ai «? »W?»«»«I«» •• •«. *hk* wn. pn*.
<*r.T otmdtttem* nrt** m*e   tmttm   in
Pod It it*e***aty to «4n|M ■»<•*»• -non.
pf,',nXOt*  **\l'>i  **--f«V»  «-«si>V, »>»'/,-*>        !<*»»<
*•■•» «i^lt»ll*«iii h*« r*»ir-lM^ lt» tentth
>ml potm9i9ti*i* 9*"tn4-;*"!**y>9 *v« «*n»*wl m
ttf th* tweitt   strat*****,. »«•!
td Tlif* p^'t..«»pal tento***n nt this lu
i#r wet*, thnt tke M*#tiA* ettdtmmt
fho nlrtkt* *tmd *#*t»niH| h»*!f tt*r 1h*
t9)-,**9-t*»ihm 4.1 Uh *»4 tttd+t and tot
* AU-mmfon »lth *wrr«iilr*H lahtit. %tt*'
•tt-t *»t<V'- *--*** -tw'-T. *esi "h* dtpttf,*.
ttom Ol »!»*•• fi* wht>l* r*mtot1em.
" •* "* i>.nl4 faff****, tketr- **, T-t.lti'4-rm
'ibs*tt*v*T to the d**itoa*dty InlUmw*.
"tiny m Mmnrttn,"
A rt-mnrmt^m tmtmpmmin ** m**m i»-tw«
. tredwft-d in «*Y**nil ton:* p**t*fii
■*-»!<-* of lh" Tnittfl Htnten.
Mttl* ■relltttaiii bailout er** b*t«t u-
*■:><! tu iiifi! and *o!ui-n of fatvUtn
Wrth. Th*«* tmftnnt l»*<l»*t* thtt t**
. »-*-»r*-r»  will  »t«y
-    -*t  »     •   ?.»■*;-.*,-   «f|.-.   *tv,tf-it*f   t.':t*   *F9**ft
prnvoit thc   -t'ftlgnrr    r*noliittoit,    to
M'htrb 'li« litio* rcfilieil in -the n«nn.
tiV0
Typoi K#«p Contract*
I'ottcr toM of th* TytHW-fltpnlral
nnlttn intui of KAmonion helot en
Mtike, and nt !hv ImcmatinnM Typo-
eraphleal nnlon nemlinR In mm to
tali* th*ir pl»««H. Uut h* tlM not My
that tin* ItUi'Ntatlonai T>poitr»phl«al
anion b»ll*vt-it In k^fpliiK rotttrm'U
with p>iblW»»»r*, ttttd thnt if mr-ii »*nt
out tm utrlke vut^nut nntborlty from
th<* ln»*rnnib»ttal nithm, IVy l<tt»« ih< ir
nu iiilwndilp snd t\ 't ;!..«<•-< aro tM»d .
l.y th* ln*«*"v.it|fi»«il,.    II* r»'V*tlooli**l'
*\h?'  »*»t'»0  t'O*   O-ltrtfMft*  i1"i:.H ot thit
!ttrlr||t|tt
,J A. \tn-i-Ktnii-nH -***■* *i*i*« t«-u I'do*
titwi, nnd In that tlm* nufcr-d a nntnhi t
ti t\w*xkt*n*. em* Mdn* t« **«« llw *-',o.
■Itin*ton and Ir. SU,-** et Iho O. II I".,
-.*« iv.at. amjtMi* iViii'tlktus ed Jwlwlft*
/■i.,ti-i i-i,i> irMi ****tr. tut,*** mttXn* l*ln
l»«ti*r *tm*tl thnt ih» *» ll r *■•
*>nlv in tnftMthm-k-* »Mp»- y*t mm bad
no ennttttvtlott.
A. li. I"*|«Jl*h»« xJUd U l8l*' Hilt U'l.
ftnn* wmU be invli*il   to th* not!
t'nteur*. *i**mt****tt*m Mr. -P«'l*f an
iw*r*«l that th* war «*?**»»« immmim
pdo the tt B I* and on* *to*t«l »»
il*l*t»l**. **M> ***f WM,M •«*«*
O, r H*fnmntt iil*i a»t*t« • »»tiib*r
of 4a*atkMi»
\    S*% *v**k1nn waa too* MM«M#   of
■ H*,.,, hy iff Ptitrnr from tinx* ne* wh*
in Aai#rt«a, innd 'iB99mttt to h» f«fllM*irW «jrw»«tl».
C   -,;";' fft.'   prif^"*'***
Who is Your
Printer?
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prepared to    receive
orders for printing.
It matters not whether
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i3
in
vt
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!
t
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class printing.
btVh
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"Q0 ALITY" PRINTERS        •    \
Phone 9     :•:     Fernie, B. C. |
. i
Wmnm to aay. I»< «»*•** pateptAn* tk*.. fc*^i-* <*■'*' ***** «« .***#*** lm.
imttr-U" ** tb* t»t*ffl*tlwi»l onbmt* *to \ p««*tM*. ftt* wo*ftfnr rim*. ntfh*r thnn
lawdt^t amd *h#« « la Iim«» lha! any  *l*«b * Ir** *t *M» In t **r*. h*r* it*. Uff mS MhOenttog *e*T*be*t. With
*ti*mt* WO th* pott *d th* w-otk*r* tm, '-i*A-*0 m tfwoA OP tbmtt *»«sr*^-«*' and t^. **,. .M-timtf,, ** H *tamJbtt. t*» «*t:**t>p H
tmrrrt n wittmr* *»M»t ****** *■*■*.**m**-.**!**. * *.■ t*,,.-,**, *»0.k*.n,* t.*l U\<-lu*   I ■      ''-'' .-.u >.-u*. '.■   'i'.*.,.*a iul X cuttta '."■ MXtlii,
«t tMa romp km o#*o otopot Ht  on ; pott that tftWM*w« th*lr M«** ttmrntot.   tb* ttnon* Otomm    onb I
b«C «n<l tho** a'lriwaftB* It ill*rMnr. n*«t»*l»« t-»  '^ tf*"
thorn, taltec aii tb*U tmmy  milk , «*,. adtmrm-d by nn im itutJnu    tt,
t-i n ttwtr* nr*. teeim*; b*td tmt th* **•»* '* Iho** who witb*** to Wh to to turn t»
ti*inKlf*1< ^ WN* WW^W'wWP'wi * WH BWH w*mm<*
la Now ¥«fh and IHiMMlAla t^j^, m%tm w%0 ^^ ^ a B  I'
"**«m •■« *•**»«* betkm nmm wi^ ml fl/W (1^ j^jj, ^ t1m i^m
 V *ola« %*>*%*! fn imti *kmp» Thry l*^.^ *m item ■■ t*!« mttfcfwwir
■ft** m**+***M* tn'll*bnti* n hipmmlnmlilp*' Iter fn th* rewn* ht ttmtmmef
SIT PAYS TO  ADVERTISE -v.—w—9)i90.-*~r*9*r*~*
■ -1&9.9* **.T9.m**rs* •
■ Af.**' V Xlt&'-.'JTl 9*q&.*
:9*ea^rf*^t%, ^||lMl^|^lll'^■»1W***^j^^^l^J^WI§|!!l^:,^
/
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FER NIE, B. C, MAY 23, 181$
PA/3E FIVE
V(
(Continued from page one)
Seek Baak Men  4.08    . 9
Dirt Bank Men  4.08 9
Stablema.   ..'     4.0S      **     9
Fiaisher After Boss Car Loa.der4.08*' 9 ,
Ali'etker Labour     .. 4.0S 9
4.03
•    8
4.08
8
4.08
8
4.08
!      8
4.08
8
Statement of Kates of Wages for Outside Labour Showing Compari
sea of Those Under Previous Arrangement and as
Adjusted by Oi#er No. 124
ALBERTA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA
Bee Hive Coke Ovens
Gseupatio*— Old Rate   Rate under Order No. 124
Rate per day. Hours. Rate per day. Hours.
Steam Lecemotive Engineer..$5.11 9 ,$5.11 8
Motom'aa     .4.85 9 <%.85 8
h&vrfmefn   V. 4.08 .9 4.08 8
Plaaterore • : 4.0& 9 4.08 8
Carters mi Cleaners ........ 4.08 9 4.08 s 8
All Otker Labor  4.08 9    ■ 4.08' 8
PROVINCE OF ALBERTA (ONLY)
OUTSIDE LABOR
Occupation—     Old Rate. Hours."Rate under Order No. 124. Hours,
Faa Men    $4.59
Water Tender ...... 4.94
Wiper.■.,-..."..■..;..'.. 4.58
Fan Firemen ........ 5.11
Breaker Oiler ...
11
11
11
11
4.58       10
BRIQUETTING PLANT
Engineer * ....."	
Bri^uetter ".
Briquetters' Helper
Tar Melter .......
Laborers  	
5.65
5.78
5.11
4.58
4.58
11
11
11
11
11
$5.04
5.44
5.04
5.62
5.03
6.24
6.39
5.62
5.03
5.03
11
11
11
11
10
11
11
11
11
11
lar „way of administering a cure to
patients. Tortillage is a new word, de.
rived from the word "torpero," and
it is said that an electric needle with
the zip of a torpedo is used on all
"shell-shock" suspects. Britain adopts
a more humane attitude. It has been
the experience that the strongest of
men become the victims of shelLshock,
and not the weaklings or highly nervous soldiers, and in consequence they
woo a soldier back to normal health by
rest.
tn too many sad instances the hith.
erto strong manly man emerges from
the convalescent camps a nerve.wrecked prematurely old man. He may become a tottering weakling with a pecu.
liar personal mania, or as is too often
the case, he is the victim of periodical
hallucinations.
Major Jack Hathaway has been ordered home for a complete rest. After
three years in that living hell his mind
is unhinged and he is a victim of his
own nerves. Arrived at his home city
with a number of other soldiers, he
expects his wife and children to greet
him. iBy reason or his moving from
place to place during the past two
months he has received no mail from
his wife or word of his loved ones.
With no one to greet him upon arrival,
he imagines the worst, and he doubts
the fidelity of his wife.
 o—: *—
RAY'S PHOTOPLAY
"THE CLAWS OF THE HUN,"
HAS FINE THEME
Paramount Program
m Perfect Projection
Grand Concert Orchestra
Where Everybody Goes
The Coolest Place
•    In Town
Direction Harry M, Eccles
To-day and To-morrow    G. W. Griffith     "THE GREAT LOVE"
Program for Week, Comm 26
This, we believe, is the largest and most elaborate program ever shown in the city
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (&NLY)
Lessons to Mothers Taught by "Th:
Claws of the Hun"
OUTSIDE LABOR
Occupation-™    Old Kate. Hours. Rate under Order No. 124. Hours
Fata Mea  .......... .$4.59 ,11
Water Tender ......... 4.94 11
Wiper  4.58 11
Pan Fireman  5,11 11
Breaker Oiler ...'...... 4.58 10
Washer or Tipple Oilei4.58 10
$3.92
4.21
4.131/:;
4.34
4.21
4.21
Soviet In Vladivostoek
We reprint, a few extracts from an article in an American periodical by "M. K. "llejays: J* In San Francisco, _I _talkcd__witb—JL
"RussiansJnToFwho had been iu Vladivostok -within the month and 1
put down in my note hook some of the things lie said. He said that
an American general whose name lie thought was Johnson told him
that 98 per cent, of the people in Vladivostok were pro-Soviet, and
that if the Allied armies withdrew at 8 a.m. the Bolsheviki government would he In power at 8.01 a.m. If we started in to fight this
thing we would have to fight every house. In one of the restaurants
he asked a peasant girl who was waiting on the table what ahe
thought of life under the Allied occupation. She looked a little fur-
tively around the restaurant before she answered that under the
Soviet she had worked 0 or 7 hours, and received ten roubles more
than she now received.' Now slie works from 12 noou until 2 a.m. and
after thut she has to walk home, arriving about 4 a.m,
Further he stated that the Soviet* are still meeting in Vladivostok and all through* Siberia, altho the delegates are continually
arrested uud put iu prison hut they come up again, like waves from
the sea. They do not --nil themselves a Soviet but the Bureau of Professional Unions of Vladivostok.
IU* said that there wen' about two thousand ('/echo-Slovaks in
jail in .Siberia for refusing to litfiit the. Bolsheviks.
This surclv wives the lii1 to tho jutk** Mnries thnt the Russians nre
not in favor of the Bolsheviki.   .
Monday and Tuesday, May 26 and 27
Jack Pickford in
'HUCK and TOM'
or the adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Mrs. Pickford, who always keeps in close touch with the work of her famous children, said: "The role
of Tom Sawyer is one that i believe fits Jack as no other could for all his life-even until recently, for when
travelling: or awaitjng his turn before the camera, Jack has had a habit of reading 'Tom Sawyer.' The
episode of the cat and the painkiller he has already worked out once at our home in Toronto when he administered Sloan's liniment to Mary's pet cat."
In the beginning of Amterica's
great stand for democracy when she
entered the world struggle girded for
the fray, the problem came to many
and many a mother's son—the question of enlistment. Some accepted it
with that spirit of sacrifice that makes
heroes, other rebelled openly, still others accepted, but not graciously, tho
duty patriotism enforced upon them.
Uerman propaganda in the begin,
ning inspired many arguments against
enlistment and conscription. Today it
works through innocent channels and
prompts some parents to deplore the
sending of our boys across the seas.
But Its day is done—the spirit of the
people of America has come into its
own and every day sees grander sac.
rlfices, more Immolation.
—This-1s-th"e-piot-i5r""Tii«~Cmws or
the Hun," in which Charles Ray will
be seen at the Grand theatre Friday
and Saturday, May 30th and 31st. It
is a story by Ella Stuart CarBon and
the scenario was written by R. Cecil
Smith. The production was made un.
der the supervision of Thos. H. Ince,
with Victor Schertzinger as director.
' Mr. Ray has a part that, Is exceptionally Interesting, because it presents the mental conflict of a youtn
torn between love of his mother ancl
duty to his country. The production
13 excellent and will mnrk a new stej>
upward In the escreon career of Mr.
lino's youthful star. Mr. Ray's »up,
port Is in every respect wholly mh*.
quale.
TORONTO MAN  MAY
PURCHASg LUMBER COMPANY
Colonel Peuchen Prospective Buyer for
Fernie Lumber Company—Gained
Notoriety »• Titanic Paiaen*§er
and Thursday, May 28 and 29
Cecil B. Demille presents his most elaborate and spectacular workmanship in the mov-
ing pictures-eight reels
'Joan the Woman'
WITH
Jeraldine Farrar and Wallace Reid
and 21 other moving picture stars
This is one ofthe most elaborate pictures that this master producer has produced.
also Paramount Mack Sennett Comedy
■    1   mi  ■**■■*      %J* <ii mm wt* try* A ■ *n* mm tr*, T     t7™ —r»   im   *m  r w '
Slight advance in prices: Adults 35c. Kiddies 1 5c.
Friday and Saturdayf May 30 and 31
The Largest Program Ever Shown In Fernie
The Imperial Film Company of Calgary present the first photo-speaking play ever produced on this continent.   An after the war problem with Zip.
'Shell Shocked'
featuring Sergeant Joe Atherton, CE.F.
moc
turbed
The inner*
foon is undls-
JOE ATHERTON 3 FILM
PROVING GREAT SUCCESS
»ctiismaa of tno ureal war.   It asserts I    t'olnnel Arthur <'•. F(>u<h"ii of To.
jit.di* in uiultluulimm* wuy«. and    •h«:»!r<"tft »1»««* « «»U»lu of da>» in thl*-*
I tuuiw*;* *.< eontrol of tbo will lxwer   !■*,
li** most potent iintidote    8h<"ll.*ln><'i»
gimli Shocked" i» Bei«« Shown   otj,H „ ,„„,iauv    -whix-h   enfcebleM   the
ReBsnt with Author Snterpretln-a
uity thi!. wonk looking over tin- ji!;<m
•Mtd HinlfT limits of tlio I'Vmio Lino
t*«-r  r,"it)|irui.'.\     which   uri'   for    Kile,
; Colonel I'ouehen own* tlie conlroHtn*
mtitmufsi Koldiernnd phy-sl-willy wreck*! liferent In the McLaren Lnnilwr nun
h!    vcakcr cunirmlu, Shell-shock muut | pony at Hlalrtnore. huvlnjf purcha*.-d
....    ,f     i.   it. t hn ..... fiiwi..) wiiii (.,itifii«»i.«i rrmii !'he IntenmtH of Senator Mol.nrt*n nomo
tcritlii*ra trom x'almrs HMh■ lU-rnld  iUA "* "! """" *,,n l«>«(u»*»ion irom
(,..., f)»ar» uso. Ho nino repr<>«eiit(« oht* r
of April TM<1 t-jieli lire h
p.r#erm«nc«.  Tho author.actp7hai.c,5pcd at o,«o into thef^rT^iVa^of ho st«« o ^^^^^
own wmit.&s, a truo eoncoption ofthe character ho nortrays V/iH bo thuu obtained. inwpr«» mm
ON THE SAME PROGRAM
The Calgary G,W.V.A. Wlotion Pictures of
($2,000 Bonus Scheme*
Serf.:! Ji.,- A(ii«*rt«n. the author ot
tb" .'it*-villi little ' ulttumatle tt-tn.
^boimbeikittl" i* t* ruturneit l-'»t.
Sur/ M*'i|Jn*r, und wrote hi* little* nn%.
utpboo mixh ike Intention of prweat.
li,»' it In x*a,l*i\tiU: but U'foro lt« bad
an opimlmUy ot doinu thl*. his »!Ut
vt.K *it«uh».l np for th<» pr-cnettt mo<1*»
'md nt*Ylnu« to thnt hc!4 » ponisn!*
nion Sn tho Mui»«n'n (Iwn of Toront«
! He *R«ln< »i conmltifrhblp notoriety for
men.
Tom- wlio hiue boen    under con.! (nj irl.v in en«tern Cnnfida
ifr.MtnH ahetl-tlre t-.eei»«!i> vklh'i-i ol thi- J    ''..jonel IN-ifh* n ttho hss Imd a iiol.
.Ii«»4  -•hMl.rtock.-     Uriven hither ] »1'1*' nmwi Mre,?r '» th« 8"*11 VVHr
,i!«l thither to cover for houri   at   a
■time; hurled. r«?»urr«»«*r(l ami re.bttr-
ted, »mall wonder thut many or our
Ullant lad* hit-mo tx* ravlnn mod. jhlmwlr «pon th« manion of tho ntnn.
\ Ine of the Tltanle, upon which ill
ff.tpd vf»«nel he wnn n pas-senger, O-,
ot pr»>n*ru:itt«ti. and it ha* m-Mle a \ Then U *>»*- aiitidote, Hoilt •'*««**• account of tils nhlllty n* a vachttnin
dr.«»t h*t tutftttiot »howti. Her«( ,\t* \ tut tt""., runtd p,iimr;il Hrencss, f.*»r,|,^ Atin fv«tu,»»o,,j >„ |flitc eh'trw* ef
li, ttm, M,<uiH|i«ni.«l iho liiui, and »i ; I root the tout and boom ot iho «un». jon(, ftf ,{,„ |(f(t ■jKlaji ttM| (rotnm.Hiii»'d
ex ery p#««rmanc« ap«»aka tin* actual it h»» itm-n mid that **)«hell.f«ht»ct«" nr ;l}|(, jftw, j^,, |M)1f ,„ )„, lannrlu-l ir ',*■■
»,,.»#. ..it-mi*.*.* moi-wt id xbe *0»u.-. »*h*t«a trim txmmoion fnposun* to t|,(4 Titanle Itoforo *ho wont down it*
.hti.it.:', wiit, the her.-. **t the i-tty. *K**li'iir-'* l* 1m< tho ima-rlntnB* of the wtl,(,.i„*ri,H> |»»k.tc4»am^ until a*«i»t*f.
n< bf ivx*r-d thetn In fofe the <:»mtr», umt's brain. Inm-aa * t-re rccor*Ie<3, ,,„w arrived and th^ t»*rt> wna /»**.
Thi* t* 'he fir.-t I'-ftaa-ltAii i-ltiit.uil;)., v.hertai a «»hiier iiuueluva h>; u Wind. *.,|1,(t ri,„n h(i, arrfva| a| v,,,v Vortt
t«t!».? r»U':>**ot1. the Imperial Film t'tm- and »« thl* rwafd he I* a puaalw to j,,, |,j,(,r,|„rt.„ ,V|tj, r preneiit <t!vei o!
HnLU-i bM**.'.xtli, ii*l4*t* ati tbe -#«%•■»««*. "l'i** .tho*-**   *kHW   tn   ocular   «•»«»»«« i| th*s pfwsa raiw#d wniMit tonal *tori«-s
I'vlwint'   %t.ni.li*tr,*i   n*  ****   t*1***   ** ***    *■*■-*■   ■'    v. ■■*■-,* '•     ■*■*<
^,-,r, (,-*■■  r.O *,*** 01*0'   ot     tbn  x**it'9i*A"- : tO  i*   v*i*ld***.   .^ot-X-   f< 1V'-"f* -     *X\i-   1< "
rum 'ho tmr dar*' «h«wlnt   «t * t*i» ' -'.Ion    It 1" rirord<-*\ Ibtxt the V, W  A
H-rtient, xtartltw }Mlofda> nrmta all vldlnt* cf **»h#ti-*ho*U" a*
Wbat tt al«ai.t*«ti?    tBwrit ftotti j mallwt»f*ra.   pf*^rrtnir   to n^om   ■
*fc#ri Pr* in on* t*t th* mmt di*1r«*in,» nce-piica! attltndp*   frtneo hn» a *iml.
Standing of City Football League
PLIYB)  VOI  DRAW!  LOST  FOOTS
0. W V. A.
MICHEL
C0ALC1EEI
FniUA
TtABSTWS
P A. A. C
8
4
4
4
3
3
I
0
J
0
0
0
1
1
&
0
0
0
a
3
3
4
6
0
5
I
%
0
,.!«tm*. (><«f-'<i»art! nmnratnp cointm*»n.* a* ■
s iu «t4*&*n*-*My -Aua iH<wrw*»iM8 *hw* i*t»
t tailed tm hmtd prior to th** dt#«*t««r
.   1%t Pter«S*' LumWr t,n«»|wn>   i»«*
' U.-»-n lnop«rallv«' for aomo yoar* pent
tm mrr-fr-it'i of ttt** "miw ♦>-..»■*' <» *,,
' co Into   UqoUlatlM*   Amibp an **-*xt*,
pcflodl of llnanclal   atr*aa.   and! al. <
i thoagh It comprta»* »**r«|rt»<vnally tbt.
■ wahte timlM»r hnMlnft ..<! |»»a«t It tm.
nitlr**** n large amount of capital to
■ tttb* nam** o**t and neornt*   wftfcfi
j bt* Mt h^n arallaM* »lnc* th» h*.'
; .'y.ih'.i uf the 'Ajf.
j C*^tm*t PiNieliMi, with J*»f» Tfemmp.!
{mm nmJI m ptn r, t*tt rrtdny %*, tnt***t ■
ffttt* Cranliroob, and ttom tbewt* will;
I joantey io I*r*»t#r lake, wb*r* tli*
. party wttt tptod n 1*w day* to <t«i»«t:
tot tlw HwiloetM mmnn wttb tebUk",
 m naMuiim mmtft-man
fttmmutl lneff9H.lt
mi im okiwo Oft u»c rtuiv
For Returned Soldiers.    You Can»t AWortt To Miss This
ALSO
THOS. A. INOE presents
Charles Ray in
*The Claws of
The Hun'
Bj   SUPPORTED BY OUR PRETTY FERNIE GIRL, MISS JEAN NOVAK
-     IA«T ***** M«r««- mmT:: v;r#:# ^ ;{A»V f§%    |rtfc ||yfcK mMN„
i hey wouian t let him ge to France so he started a war of his
Own at homo.
AND
Paramount Mack Sennett Comedy entitled
'Smothered Love'    completing 11 reel program
ALL SEATS RESERVED AND ON 8ALE MONDAY, MAY 26TH
EVENINGS        Adults 75c. & SOo.        Kiddies 25c.
MATINEE
ii
50c
it
15c
ftHh* fWWw JtnWfffmJI.
BOOK YOUR SEATS EARLY AND AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT PAGE SIX
THE  DISTRICT  LEDGER.  FERNIE, B. C, MAY 23, 1919
I
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industrial dominion of the world.
. Bourgeois society proved itself unfit to direct the destiny of the
world. It broke down of its own hideous evils. It mocked humanity
and raped civilization. Capitalism organized the couragq and enthusiasm of men for systematic destruction; it transmuted the patient suffering of' the women and the tears'of the children into tho
profits of tlie pr'frteers; it built a terrible bridge with the bodies of
the dead soldiers, upon which to march to power. The evil and the
oppression*, the misery and the degradation of the old order culminated in a terrible and unprecedented scourge of humanity.    " ,
The old order broke down. Life and love and peace, which it
had crushed, flared up in the action of the proletariat for the Revolution 	
The Peace Conference met. It met to patch, things up. Its real
task was not to impose terms upon Germany, but to prevent the complete collapse of bourgeois societyand to crush the proletarian revolution. The Peace Conference failed miserably in its task. The old
order .is breaking down. And, through the smoke and the fires of
Revolution; is appearing the promise and.the glory of the new order
of Communist, Socialism, it will conquc^ Then shall life and love
and peace I'oiuc into their own.
The A. F. of-ell
In an editorial on lire Seattle? strike, in the. Mai'eh American
Federationist, official organ of Un- Goinper-sizcd A. R of L.,,the Stone
Age mind reveals itself,   it says;
It must be freely cimcedr-l tliat during the war-period jn
many instances the workers were compelled to accept, wages
which were insufficient and inadequate to meet the increased
price charged for food, clothing, fuel, shelter, etc. Tt is likewise a recognized fact that the workers did not take advantage of the nation's needs; that, in the greater number of
instances the workers maintained industrial peace and gave
practically uninterrupted service to our government when
the war was in progress, while the profiteers were reaping an
Unprecedented harvest. -. .
* What an indictment of the A. F. of.L., out of the mouths of its
own spokesmen! This is a picture of labor betrayed, while the profiteers fattened upou labor; a picture, of labor shackled by its own organization, rendered helpless while Capital wrecked its will upon it.
The Sleeping.Giantls Awakening
General Mamierheim. former general of the Czar's army and
suppressor of the red revolution in Finland, was recently "officially"
invited to visit the Kings of Norway, Sweden and Denmark.
Mannerheim is known to the propertied classes as "the coming
man"; to the forking classes he is known as "the butcher" and  "the
■hangman."   He is accredited with'-.forming a "strong" government
"TnTfiniTntl. nureven • TRFtjomlinrlTtires
nerheim would not be allowed to come to Norway. The party executive committee laid plans for a general strike and demonstration in
the event of the proposed visit. The party organ' '' Social-Demokra-
ten" published these plans in black-faced type from day to day.
A bourgais ^ per published the report that the .Norwegian legation had privately suggested to Mamierhehn that it might be as well
for him.to change his mind and decline Norway's invitation.
About this time the Electrical Workers Union met and passed a
resolution. Herein it was set forth that in the event of Mannerheim
entering the City, the union would cease work. Electric power and
light would be totally cut off; the city would be dark and motionless.
And, added the resolution, if serious consequences resulted, the electrical workers would be in nowise responsible. The next morning
came the announcement that Mannerheim had a severe cold and
chills with high fever and would have to cancel his projected visit.
We feel sure that the cold he had was that of cold feet but the lesson to be derived from this is that the hand of labor refused to function if its voice was unheeded. Labor did not resolute, but stated
that "the butcher" of the working people in Finland would not be
tolerated in, Norway and took action to prevent his arrival. They
accomplished what they demanded by their united effort and refusal
to turn the wheels of industrv.
Appeal For Help of Vladivostock
Unions
iiOTis-CTTaiJvi5"priptrr:=^nmTs"
it somewhat too strong. TJicir Stockholm correspondent wrote that
the Allies could not possibly permit things t continue as they were in
Finland. .He pointed out Unit, whereas the "lied Terror," which
accompanied the workers revolution in Finland had cost 1,000 lives.
Gejieral Mannerheim's "White Terror" had cost to date 30,000, -.vith
details that dare not be put into print.
Hence the arrival:of'this hangman Mannerheim in Sweden and
Denmark resulted in an uprising of the working classes. To Sweden
in due time, came Mannerheim in his private yacht. The Socialists
issued a call for a general strike which was responded to iu several
large factories. Thousands of workman were on hand to "welcome"
Mannerheim on his arrival. Riots ensued. Police, spies, soldiers,
mounted police and plain clothes men were everywhere. There was
booings and cat-calls, surghigs of humanity, eddies of combat, charges
by the police, panics and arrests. All afternoon the turmoil continued.
The crowd surged to the police station tet liberate the prisoners.
It broke in the doors. Dragoons charged. Muelilne guns appeared.
The crowd rot rented. All night tite police and soldiery were busy
clearing thc highways, charging mobs, and even breaking up street
comer groups of disputants.
In Norwny the Socialist Patty definitely predicted that     Man-
SAN FRANCISCO.—(By mail).—An appeal from the labor organizations of Vladivostok to the working men and working women
of the United States has been brought in by courier.    Since labor
unions are outlawed and illegal under Kolshak, the monarchist dictator, the appeal is made under the AVorkingmeifs Red Cross.
The letter follows:
"Workmen's Red Cross, Central Committee, Labor Unions, City,
Vladivostok.—To All the Workingmen and Working Women of
U. S. A.:
Comrades— . - j
"After a forceful invasion and overthrow of the. soviet govern-j
ment by the Allies and under the false pretences of the Cheeho-*
Slovaks aud the Russian capitalists in the city of Vladivostok ana!
all over Siberia, began oppression of the Russian working elass.
Thousands upon thousands of working people, peasants and
also the student class, were shot. In one of the cities named Chab-
aro'vsk, having a population of about 70.000 people, 1,200 people were
shot and slain by the Japanese and Cossacks. Thousands were killed
in the city of Krasnoyarsk with the help of the White Guard of Russians and also with the help of the Italian regiments. English regiments have also participated in massacring and suppressing tens of
thousands of revolting peasants. Every day there was need for new
cemeteries; thousands of other comrades were thrown into jail and
at present arc rotting there without any charges.   Their wives   and j
New Aggression Against Russia
The twistings'of a snake are straight lines in comparison with
the twistings of the Peace* Conference in Paris concerning the "Russian* problem. "This "problem" of course, is simply what should be
clone—or can be done—to crush Soviet Russia, that realization in life
of Socialist theory and practice,, that menace to international Capitalism:
They, tried invasion—but it didn't work: too many troops are
required, and they are ''corrupted" by revolutionary Bolshevik propaganda.
They tried to use the former "oppressed peoples" of.the Ukraine, Poland and the Baltic Provinces, whom /,hey were to "liberate," to crush the Bolsheviki, but it did not work"!
They tried to use* thc former German army against Soviet Russia, but the German imperialists had their own Bolshevism to deal
with.
Intrigue and fair Avords, cunning and beautiful promises,.treachery and expressions of friendship—all these have been tried: but
they haven't worked.
So now they decide to continue their old policy of starving the
Russian people and the IJ'ussian Revolution. They are to continue
financing and feeding counter-revolutionists; they are going to recognize the "Omsk Government" and provide it with munitions and
food, while the- barbarous -blockade'of Russia continues—this is the
policy they are forced into, the policy of the skulking murderer of
women and children. This is.Capitalism1 This is the Peaee Confer-'
ence'.
No! This -crime against the new civilization, against a revolution,
ary people must not be allowed. Capitalism is exposing itself in all
its sinister horror. It scruples at nothing to accomplish its savage
purposes. Nothing short of proletarian action, of mass pressure upon
the imperialistic governments, of the world revolution will help the
Russian people and preserve the Russian Revolution for all peoples
and for all time.
O.    B.    U.     EPIDEMIC     SWEEPING
CANADA
Hamilton, Ont., May 20— The one
big union idea is rapidly gaining-
ground. Already there is a large local,
organizing and rapidly gaining momentum iu Hamilton.
The movement was launched in Feb.
ruary in order to organize primarily
the unskilled and some skilled workers, but when the clarion call was
sounded at Calgary for adopting the
O. B. U. scheme in Canada, several
vf.ry active members of the orthodox
labor unions interviewed the president of the local. The result was that
the General Workers' Union* was'converted into a "functional big union."
Every worker of brain and brawn is
eligible for membership, whether he
now be a union or non-union person.
Those who are members of existing-
unions pay the same dues, but are
pledged to keep aloft the "fiery cross"
of industrialism in . their own craft
unions.
To prove the mass nature of this
new movement it is but necessary to
state the following fact: Locals are
alreadv in existence in Kitchener, St..
Catherines.   Niagara
(luclph and Toronto.
Falls     (Ont.).
MISTAKES
When a plumber makes a mistake,,
he charges time for it. W'.'.ien a law,
yer makes a mistake,-it's just. what, he
wanted. When a carpenter makes a
mistake," it's just what he expected,
because the chances are ten to.one he
never learned his business When an "
electrician makes a mistake, lie blames
it on induction, because nobody knows
what, that is. When a doctor .makes
a* mistake, he buries it When a
judi^e makes a mistake, it becomes the
law of the land. When a preacher
makes a mistake, nobody knows the
diiference.     '*
But a PRIXTBR—he is different; he
has to lie careful, lie cannot turn   his
mistakes into profit or blame them pn
j a profession, he must do thc job over.*
■ > j    You've got to go some io be a REAL.
I.PmN'TKR.-.Willv compliments to The
Civil war is civil war.   It writes its own laws,   lt is like this:! ^deration Rulletin.
Either the proletariat governs or capital, rules.    There, is no other
alternative.   There are some who are not pleased with our dictatorship.   I say to thein, "Go to Siberia and see if the dictatorship is I
better tliLvre,    We will willingly place transportation at your disposal."
The idea of annihilating Capitalism without civil war is Utopian.
Gems From Lenin
Envelopes
You undoubtedly know that the number.of millionaires in Norway,  100
has been multiplied by ten during tlie war. Do you believe that the;Printed
Norwegian millionaires, just because of arguments, will capitulate;'_____
without the blow of the sword? ,
$1.00
Postpaid
No letter should 1«>
children are suffering from hunger and cold because they have no
means of assistance except from the workingmen's organizations,
which are in existence illegally. However, the need is very great,
and the Russian organizations can be of little assistance with their
meager means. Furthermore, very many factories are closed, and
the workers ai'e unemployed.
"In this needy hour, when a .part of the Russian workingmen
and peasants are strangled between the cries of international capitalists, while tlie part on the other side of the Urals (in European
Russia) is bleeding to death from the uneven struggle with the enemies on all sides, in this hour we are turning to you with the following
demands:
"Protest against the organized killing of your brothers.
"Demand the withdrawal of American and Allied troops from
Russia.
"Answer the call of tens of thousands imprisoned, and still
the cries of orphans, children and families, witli brotherly help.
Lighten their sufferings.
"With comradely regards, representative of the Red Cross for
Russian Workingmen and tlie Central Committee of Labor Unions,
City, Vladivostok."
SEATTLK UNION RECORD.
Or niavbe vou can tell me why ten or twelve million people were >
,„ ,.,     .  , ,, ...       ■ "'jj-        lliorotu-ni-rtdilress U* the
W ar until victory," was written on Ker- j ,„„ ,,,;„„„ w<> ».;„„„;„,;
IS the *on oni' huiubiHl  good envelopes and
mailed without
sender and
yonc !uldr»>a«
■kille<T in tbe world war?
ensky's banners.    "War until victory over the bourgeoise
workers' revision of this slogan.   And there you have it all.
Arming the proletariat—this we must teach, and the disarming
of the bourgeoisie. Give up the disarmament program, advise Zeth
ll'oglund, a Swedish Socialist, in 1910. His opinion was different
from mine.  Now he certainly must, agree with me.
In my message to the National Commune on March 10, I said;, * _-
that as the time passes and the majority becomes assured of its pow-j send u«$l,ot) for n trial order, if
er, then can we raise the question of general suffrage before the Sov-1 yon prefer a bettor envelope send xu*
iet. We must keep the dictatorship in order to be able to control the! *1-23-  ,>I'"H'S f«"' ''"wr quantities or**'
send them to you postpaid.
Cash With The Order
bourgeoisie.
proportionately lower.
Russia says to the workers and to .the right-minded people of
the whole world;
"Come with us toward the new life, whose creation we work for
without sparing ourselves and without sparing anybody or anything!
Erring and suffering in the great joy of labor and in the burning)
hope of progress, we leave to the honest judgment of history all our
deeds, .Oorae with us to the battle against the ancient order, to work
for new forms of life! Forth to life's froedom and beauty!"—Maxim
Oorky.
Envelopes
100
Printed
$1.00
Postpaid
®lj* lioimt £tb$&
PRINTI
The District Ledger has one of the finest equipments in the Canadian   West  for the  production
of high class printing.
We are   prepared to supply on short notice, at  reasonable   prices,   business   stationery   of every
Uloguoo, booklet::, poster::, invitation*, ryr^r^mme^   circulars,   labels,   lav*,   carets   and
anything else that is printable.
We have a fine selection cr paper > ?.\v] envelopes and will be pleased to submit samples and prices
1 »   1   *     1
Klllu.    UUUJVO.    .^tx
jn^^^^Hii^^^^wnm^^mA       ^^^_^m~^~
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Ih   ''>> iM     .**\    ? 1     '-
j**--**,   ,*.*p   JmL. W'm^'-pP J>*     ...       u*m
pt «   v
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M,    33©
Ptioxic NOo  9 THE  DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., MAY 23, 1S13
PAGE SEVEN
y^*
y
I
MICHEL NOTES
The.'footbaH game between Michel
and the Feruie Teamsters resulted in
four uothing in favor of Michel. It
was the best game that has been play.
ed in Michel* this season; The lady
boosters of the Teamsters club are to
be complimented. Several of the
-Michel players were so uncomfortable
under the fire of those same boosters
that they could not play at all. This
may account for the score. We believe
it did.
When ar6 the drivers going to enjoy
the ship ride. It is now a month ago
since Manager Wilson promised to get
tho stables fixed on the hill so that the
drlvtr.-: dispute would be settled and
such arrangement: would also adjust
the trouble with the barnmen. The
■ei>d of April is now gone by, and still
no adjustment. We are wondering if
it is worth while accepting promises
as a means of settling our many grievances.
Another grand reception dance was
lield in the Kootenay hotel to cele-
1>rate the home.coming of J. Declare
■and P. Matulssa. The music was ad.
milted to be good and we hope to see
the Fernie orchestra coming along of.
tener. In addition to the fine attendance by the Michelites there were quite
■a number who journeyed down from
Fernie.
Mrs. T. Guest and family arrived in
town on Sunday last after having enjoyed a fine voyage from the Old Coun.
try. Tom is not half as CTanky uow
as he used to be, It is very pleasing
to again see the old faces of the past,
•which will have a tendency to lighten
np this much darkened burg ln the
.future.
• The voting which took place here
on the question of accepting or reject.
Infc Order No. 124 was almost, unani.
mous in rejecting the order. The
figures were 295 to reject and 28 to
accept. Spoiled ballots, 2. It Is very
■gratifying to notice the solidarity
•sho^'n by the workers at this stage
of the game, when bacon Is selling at
SSc;. per pound, because if the work-
ers stay together there may yet be a
chance to get an increase all round
™ limirwtii einiuiy usTB'uuy^TltllW Jff
this smoked hog.
in promoting, the great game of base,
ball, and we are sure to see some very
exciting games in the near future. We
trust that the dance and supper held
in the Trites.Wood Hall, Natal, will
prove a success, as it is necessary to
secure a little fund to make a success,
ful season.
—. o Z—
'♦'   ■ .'"'.♦
0>     GLADSTONE LOCAL NOTES «►
♦' * '       ' "  ♦
»♦♦♦♦♦♦» ♦♦♦♦ ♦-**♦♦ »
-Gladstone Local Union:   on Friday
last took their vote  p-jjinst Order No.
124, the following being the result:
Against the Order ............... 365
For  t....107
Spoilt     5
Although we show 167 against we do
not think it is hardly correct. The bal.
lot could have been worded a whole
lot plainer than it was. The easier the
better.
Watch out you dwellers in the An.
uex. She's coming! The Coal company has got lots of old cabling up at
the mines. We would advise that you
get some and fasten on to your property. (Half the road against McDou-
gall's has started on its trip to the
coast.
miners are in no way vindictive
were willing to let the matter go as she
looked, but half the" truth forces those
who are interested to tell tbe other
truth. Join the ONE BIG UNION,
John.
What might have terminated in a
very serious motor accident occurred
last Sunday morning at Cocato. W
Hines and his family were on a iishing
trip and when opposite the
school    at     that    place, large
dog ran in front of the
car, with the result that while Mr.
Hines endeavored to spare the canine's
life he placed himself in jeopardy, his
car overturning and his removal to the
hospital being necessary. Mr. Hines
had a foot badly crushed and his wife
was slightly cut about the face, but
the five children who were with them,
fortunately escaped with very slight
injuries. Th'e car was somewhat
damaged.
We would suggest, Mr. Editor, that
meetings be held in town for ladies,
gentlemen and children oJ both sexes,
for the purpose of teaching the different class of biology, physiology,
sexology, for it is oniy by education the
genus homo, the super animal, what
he is, and what he is not, that you can
hope to eradicate this terrible disease
from the human family, which if not
quelled must in the end wipe the whole
of the human race from this planet.
 o r~- ."'
The baseballers are now getting, busy
'^. small fire occurred at the north
eaid of the city near Dave Gash's resid.
ence about 9.20 a.m. Wednesday morn,
ing. Not much damage was done. The
origin of the fire is not stated. The
fire brigade answered the call prompt.
iy- ,   '
We fall to see what (Bro. Wallace of
the6 Free Press means in connection
with some one calling out: "Look at
that bunch, of I. W. iW.'s." If he
■wishes io inref that the words were
not used, he Is wrong and the only
course for us to do Is to bring the person up who made the remark.     The
-Brule miners came out on May 2nd
for the enforcement of*the agreement
they are laboring under and which has
been repeatedly and flagrantly broken
by the company. Only a short time
ago the men were out three days over
a dispute on lagging in counter entries. The agreement provides 30
cents per yard for the work, which
the company saw fit not to pay. lt
was argued by Tom Davis, the superintendent, that we did not savey tbe
agreement, but alas, these damned
foreigners must have learned to read
fately, for it was found that they understood thc agreement better than j (00t of coal
Davis, for the case was settled in their
favor.
At present we have the same
grievance up again, with the excep.
tion that it is over rooms and angles.
The agreement provides   for   thirty
and!not go up in angles, but when asked!
if- he would pay for those gone up al.'
ready, he sighs and says:  "No boys, j
we can't."    Does not that assimilate |
•A boy who admits that ' he has been'
naughty but won't, be good?   Another
grievance is over the cubic measurement which has been   gradually    installed in Brule mines, and which  hns
already robbed the    miners here    of
thousands of dollars.   The agreement
does not mention cubic measure    at
all, , All rates are   based upon   ton.
nage,   This grievance is really    the'
piost contentious one and may prove to
be of vital interest   to miners    wno
slave under the same conditions. From
time to time men   have kicked    and
claimed that they did not get the right
measurement   The committee has on
several occasions been   in the   mine
measuring places themselves, but still
the men could not   get the   tonnage
which they were   accustomed   to on
similar work, when coal was weighed.
The -company operated the mines, so
that it became almost   impossible tp
have any coal weighed.   Why, will be
seen before I am through.
(Martin Wall claims that it was a
move to get him out of the weigh- box.
True, they tried that too, but their
real and main object was dollars and
cents, But .Brule mines got an inspiration .which came not from the
Lord, Frank Hayes, or Dave Rees. It
came from Joe Swindle and was
promptly put into execution by the
president—not of the U. S. A.—but ot
Brule Miners' Union. Poor president
got a bawling out from the whisler for
bringing up such rot. Here now is the
result of the inspiration: The committee was sent to the mine to care,
fully cut out and weigh a solid cubic
Result: 104 pounds one
cubic foot. One cubic yard 104x27-
2808 pounds. Companies weight one
cubic yard, 2240 pounds. Men robbed
on every cubic yard 568 pounds. Rates
are 73c. and 85c. per ton. Loss to men
18c. on 73c. rate; 2lc on 85c. rate per
cubic yard.    This is what Brule min-
cents per yard on these   places, too,,
that Is for lagging over the customary ;*ers got for giving the boss a little rope
amount, to keep timber from swing,
ing. Two or three prices will accomplish this and any logging in excess of
this amount is supposed to be paid the
aforementioned rate. Superintendent
Davis explains that he w.ont pay unless
lagging is done "skin tight," as he
calls it, but the agreement does not
mention skintight.    I may    mention
at first until finally that rope is al.
most cHoking them. But it is never
too late. And old Tom, our beloved
superintendent, claims: "You boys are
looking for trouble." Can anyone
blame them. Armstrong wires: "Understand men are out, contrary to law
and agreement." Of course the slave
is always doing things contrary to law,
here that a miner could not think;   of i because laws are not made for him,
logging   a piece of   skintight for   30 jbut against him.
cents a yard, because it takes    him | ~    ~T     "°
from two hours upward to four to do'
so and would net him 60 cents.     So it
is easily seen what was meant by
Inserting 30 cents per yard into the
agreement. The next grievance is
over excessive timber and angles. The
limit of dimensions on angle timbering is set at eight inches.   Anything
MANSIONS FINEST, HOVELS
WORST.
(Hy Richard Spillane, in the Vancouver
Sun).
The United States Is the richest na.
tion of the earth, yet in   many cities
York liibTo are 102,000 structures olii-
cially classified as tenements and in
which more than 4,000,000 of thc
(l.OdO.oOO inhabitants dwell. Many of
these buildings are unspeakably loul.
iMany of the dwellers are naturally
careless and slovenly, but little or no
oi'iort is made to lift them from their
soualor. lt is the same in factory
towns and mining toWns. To a decided degree owners of the dwellings
and the municipal authorities are responsible.
Th.3 bulk of nearly all cities' tene.
ment population is foreign born. These
people see in their Squalid surround,
ings here little better than they had
abroad. They find few persons with
appreciation or understanding of their
troubles. They are unable to rectify
what is wrong, so they charge it all
against the rich and the powerful.
Their employer Is to them the representative of this • body that opposes
them and when food prices rise and
rents rise and everything else advan.
ces and their wives drill into their ears
night after night how much this costs
and that costs, their only recourse as
they see it is to make the boss pay
more to them.
America has the finest mansions
aud the worst hovels of any prosperous
country of the world. The genius of
tho architect and the skill of tho
builder are utilized in creating the
wonderful structures we have tn towering piles as temples of business.
There is nothing on earth to compare
with them. But the tenements of the
cities, the shacks of mill towns, they
are a disgrace to civilization. What
they cost in reduced production
through the dissatisfaction of labor
expressed in indifferent work or in
strike or agitation for strike or
through ill .health and death of children, never can be measured.
Strikes rarely root in cleanly places.
Bolshevism, never.
DOCTOR WANTED
The position of Doctor in Michel,
B.C. is open for Tenders. Doctors ap.
plying will state the amount per man
per month. The mines employ 520
men, with about 50 others who will
sign up. Doctor to furnish Hospital
and equip same, also residence ad.
joining. Every requisite to be fur.
nished by the doctor. Tenders to be
in to Secretary H. Beard, Michel, not
later than May 28th, 3919. Contract
can be secured for two or three years.
Families of employees to come under
contract. — 40.2t*
&
Our Gentle Methods of
Dentistry-—20 per cent
Off Regular Fixed Prices
1 HEBE are still many persons
who have an absolute dread
of the dental chair and on account
of this they have permitted their
teeth to fall into a terrible and
dangerous state of neglect. They
know their teeth should be attended to but their dread holds them
back. We address ourselves to all
such and say "Come take your
seat in our offices today. Observe
the ease and comfort of patients in
the chair.   Take confidence from their attitude, then you will
believe us when we say"
DENTISTRY AS WE PRACTICE IT IS A GENTLE ART
DRS. BRUNER, RICHARDS & NELSON
Lethbridge Office: The Ott Block
Calgary Office: 115a 8th Avenue East
Edmonton Office: 3 Crista!! Block
COAL MINE FOR SALE
A cotnHry coal mine in good location; seam 3 ft. 10 inches;
good dry roof and dry mine; newly developed; also storage
bin to hold sixty tons, and blacksmith shop with all necessary
equipment.   For particulars apply to
GEO. WM. HALLIDAY
Box 185 DELIA, ALBERTA
STAY AWAY FROM BRULE
«sm*rdjng-^e-—th^^heHbnli-rn^ is neraea
agreement, is considered special ■tlm. j like cattle in pens, and thoso whose
ber, to be paid 25c for each additional; business it should be to ameliorate
inch. Old Tom agrees that timber ot, these conditions do not view them with
bigger size than eight Indies   should • sympathy or understanding.   In Xew
SECOND HAND STORE
Fernie, B&y
"Under new management.    The
best prices paid for all kinds of
second hand furniture, stoves, etc.
Rawsoh & Meek, Prop.
Men should stay away from
Brule owing to lack of sleeping
accommodation,  hotel  and  bunk
hmisps    ltAin<r    n\Tfla.gr./np*itnjl—St*1i*^
SUMMER WOOD
Don't bother with coal fires as the days
i grow warmer
tice will be given when things get
righted,
A. McFegan,
Secretary Local Union No. 1054
No. 1 Tamarack $3.00 per rick
Also big stock of good summer wood
at $2.50 per rick. Order at once before  it  starts  to  rain  and  get we*.
McGLADERY  BROS.
Phone No. 69 Fernie
Closed on
Open Till 9s30 Friday Kvesaing
Smart, Snappy, Holiday Goods At Really Enticing Prices
Holiday MerchLSLtidiS'
«at^;.mi*i«Be^
Sale of Corsets, Values to $2.50   |
$1.95
Several numbers suitable for the average figure m
medium weight.   Corsets, back lace style.
Women's Silk Hose $1.25 to
$1.75 per pair
Comprising an assortment of various makes and colors
Re-inforced Lisle Feet and Lisle Tops
Ribbons for   Children's   Hair
Bows,   25c. per yard
Good quality Taffeta Ribbons, that wilt stand up. In a
wide range of shades.
om-wmmWKt-ommmtmtb*mitmtotmttbm
New Slip-On Veils for Motoring, Golfing and General
Outing wear 25c. to 60c.
*\<a   l\ii*i,   '. alilM'iii  * h-iiir.'f".. p. i* iln/.
1' ■i*t',.    * ffif  A|'|.ii", 7. !i>N   ito-   	
!*.il'^'i    /*!,,,.,   i;ii; ,,u,   \Y,.)i*il! •..   jii-j   lii,.
< »iii   Tv tlii-   S\ I'Mii.   ju r   Inil I I.-.	
Outing Apparel for Men And  Boys
Who Want Comfort and
Service
Our Outing Suits made of Khaki and Grey Drill will
appeal to the most particular men. They are well
tailored in norfoll: stylu very ^mari aud durable.
Boys Khaki Shirts and Pants to match is the correct
thing to put on your boy for hot weather wear.
Sec us for boys cotton sweaters in all shades and
sizes.
 i:.
■I't... i*, 7,",.-
.Hi
I*
0
S,ti
Summer Underwear
We will be pleased to show you our extensive range
of summer underwear for both men and boys ia both
two-piece and combination styles, comprising: Mesh,
BnbbrSggan, Dimity and Porous knit
T7#**<*    99-     *\*t **,     r*t 9,1 99 'OO r, 9*1*        ^T^tl I   It 11,  r-      Hff
,r...    ......     ,.      \* , .     *    tr.
.****     » wtt    VO*     tvM^  iUUtV     *%-«*> »-Wt     let-M*
broidered Style.
trmmomotoomoom-nwm
GROCERY SPECIALS
FPir>fty amp tjonjv.v zrzci;.i.z
I ikulttiltillt Wtiltir ll-f'HIl**, -l IN   dt . . .	
l.ihity * AjthcoI*, I jli. tin. 	
I'lHI'K.   I   III,   till	
.**,* It     )   l>.t»«>»»,    9   I'i   **>**. ...,.,.	
Xnwr Kraut. '2 1-2 !*'•* 	
Picnic and Holiday Supplies
l'i.*,  ■■•!' '.''Vi     .!!.•! .M .:!..).. r :in      J.H--  asui .1.1,*
.S..i,!»..•• * ..||, ...  |»r Jiti' Ill
Sin'!   Oriiiks.  I'inK |»-f A"/.          1 10
Hi,.,-.' i.tin.* .In***,*. ..• *   .-■*■■!! , , ,
!*.!>. ii. i   I\is!..,  ;,<•.• j,.r	
S.-oiit  s.iciliiirs, l! Inj" , , , ,'J,"*>
Su.!; «•><,• Sitlllsitll, \ ■'!•*. jivr til". ,,     ,'2"i
(Uuixix tlcWy, per jiot      *.'■»
1 >»\'- *   !!.-■),   In;..   .      ,  2'.
Ii\--- '•■'■ •-     >,*   ,*:.
fiimliri<ljj;<' Sautiw* I I'' tin ,,,.,.      	
I*.**, ,
,     •,,...,      ,.(. ,1 ( ",    ii.«ilUl,|.     Ml!,!,»,       i     i'.l ,
'.',-!.    -M     |i;i.l|    i   '•  I'       !    ''    '■'.      » '
I.uij. )i 0-livf*. ■"> ni, I.V., \t „/ -j:,,' , j«i i,f..,
i i.* , / ,'.:ii*■ .t ii*.,it,»  »■!),!II   .' ■'*■'•   , i *     a.* *i: ;■'■   :';•■■
• !•!'■!■•'" i;.:'!,, A hi';m>   f. .-i-i   -.,■*■ Vi -      f.y  - *    " '■>>
m ■*
S-vTifr*" Prcmirn: Ccc!:cd?.I:;;U, Hum*
Ancl Bacons An The Be«t
.\    -Ji** ■ l.ll   <ii'iil*.i(,*>!S ;*t ind   ..?   Sn ll'\\   I'm,*   [',.,,:{   I'
•.I S«i*:
i **
i'i <-s|f;t > »   \i i|
I|..ti". h'H*\   Ivt!, ..(' ,,il   Lli.U '..   i,r   ,*.t,l      Ml,,*   hti|i,|,..,t  ,||?Y,*,v,,»   -,,in,.
lil"*   In  fh>m*tf   If.,ilI |*»ii   t!».l   «.\. I'ii..>l,    VIMtltl'.?   'Ill-   .fl-jl.K*   ■*-■  "-:!
The TRITES-WOOD Co, Ltd.
am* a       _ «    ***m » -*-->..       •••*.. _    .__ _ w
Branches at Fernie, Michel, Natal and Coal Creek ?AQE EIGHT
THE DI8TJHCT lEDGEft, FERNIE, B.C, MAY 23,1819
\tf'
it*
It'1
t
w
NEW RECORDS
Results secured during the past year re-affirm the position of the Sun Life of Canada as
the largart life assurance organisation of the Dominion.
Fair-dealing and progressive business methods have given it leadership in annual New
Business, Total Business in Force, Assets, Surplus' Earnings, Net Surplus, Total
Income, Premium Income and Payments to Policyholders.
M. A. KASTNER
AGENT
FERNIE NEWS
Room and Board.—A real home. Ap.
ply 10 Howland avenue or phone 135
Canaries for Sale.—$7.50 a pair.
Apply over McLean's Drug Store or
write Box 174.—Mra. J. Turner.
Cradle Roll on Wednesday.—Tbe
United Church Cradle Roll which had
to be postponed last month will be
held next Wednesday afternoon.
o °
Lumberman In Town.—A. K. L*ltch,
president of the East Kootenay Lumber company, at Jaffray, accompanied
by Mrs. Leltch and children, is In the
city this week on "business connected
with the lumber industry.
Trouble Man Here.—J. Rush Adam,
son, superintendent of construction
and "trouble" man of the Kootenay
Telephone Lines, Limited, is in the
city on business connected with his
fins.
FOR SALE.—Frame House, 10
rooms, plastered, stone foundation,
basement, concrete block house, 5
rooms, plastered, full basement, and
Lot 2, Block 70, Lindsay Ave Annex:
$1,600.00. Terms, not the price of one
house.   F. Minton, Box 982, City.
Agents Wanted.—Beer, .Wines,
Whiskey, Absinthe, Apple Cider with.
out apples,—easily made in your own
hqme. Over 250 recipes used by the
leading rectifiers of Europe. Now on
sale in book form. Agents wanted in
every town. Recipes and full instructions, $1.00. If not satisfied your mon.
ey refunded. Western Distributors,
515 McLean Bldg., Calgary, Alta.
For Sale or Rent.—Property known
as the W. Jackson property, Dalton
avenue. This place will be sold cheap.
Address .Box 380, ledger office.       41
TO RENiT.—Small house with eloc-
trie light and water. Apply .12 Howland avenue. Price $10.00 per
month. ■    -41.4t»
The Mooney Strike.—The result of
the Mooney General -Strike vote, taken
by Star Mine Local, No. 3576, at
Aerial. Alta., on May, 12th, resulted ais
follows: In favor of a general strike
on July 40; against, 0.
Locating an Air Line.—A guy down
at the coast is to make an air flight
through the Crow's Nest Pass as soon
as the Crow's Nest Pass Automobile
Association can have a man go up and
stake out a clear route.—Blairmore
Enterprise.
A Great Week*—The big program
for next week at the Grand theatre appears on another page. Sucb a collection of high.class productions of
the picture world has never before
been presented to a Fernie audience
and there should be bumper houses at
each performance as an expression of
appreciation.
Enquiry to Begin Shortly.—Last
week Minister of Mines Sloan wrote to
A. S. Wells, secretary of the B, C.
Federation of Labor, informing him
that the enquiry into the Coal Creek
disaster, recently promised by his
department, would be commenced
shortly nnd steps were being taken to
arrange the personnel of the commla.
slon.
G. W. V. A. Ball.—The local branch
of the G. W. V. A. will hold their first
annual ball on the evening of the
23rd in Victoria hall. A large number
of outside people will be in attendance
and everything te in readiness for the
big event, Special music has been pro.
vided for. ,,     *     '
"The Son of Tarzan."—Our new ser.
ial which was to have been commenced
this week is unavoidably delayed.
The plates for the story left Toronto
nearly two weeks ago and we are of
the opinion that they are in one of the
many cars which are having diiticnlty
in rolling past Winnipeg.
Dance on June 10th.~The ladies of j,. .-
theF. A. A. C. Club will hold a social1    O. B. U. Contributions—The follow.
Jiall.   This being the first attempt on | in« are contributions   to help in   the
dance on June 10th   in Hawthorne's I work of the ONE BIG   UNION,   ac.
part ot tMa oXiib tn hnM -a ee*d*t II knowledgmeht of which  is made  by
Sunday Night's Meeting.—We have
a verbatim report of the meeting in
the Isis theater on ' Sunday evening
last which is too lengthy to be put in
type in time for this issue but which
will be published next week. The
meeting was an enthusiastic one and
The Cranbrook Case.—The Camp in order to discover some way of combating the appalling conditions revealed in iFernie a committee of seven
was. appointed": Mrs. A. Cummings,
Edward Hesketh, G. G. Henderson, Dr.
Garner. R. S. Phillips, Mrs. William
Marshall, Mrs. Robert Muthie. A re.
solution was also passed that an appeal should be made for an order-in.
council that all venereal diseases
ba reported and that persons infected
should be penalized for concealment.
K. of P. Will Hear Report.---Paniol
Alton   hasc returned   from   Vancouver
Worker/the jpurnal of the B. C. Log.
giirs' Union, says in its last issue:
"The Cranbrook matter is still sub
judice, but it looks as ifr a general
settlement with the self.constituted
"Champions of Law and Order"
throughout the province were .in sight
for they find that they have, this
time, shot over the mark.
function, more than the usual interest j Secretary Mldgley:   11.  Zinda, Strome.  where he attended the annual 'meeting
is attached to its significance.   Special | Alta., $1.00; L. Grass!, Canmore, Alta., 0r the Grand Lodge Knights of Pythias
iHuckaiwio.-r'i
JyXmtcuntgbtu,-
Kids, Don't Fail to See This Monday and Tuesday, at the Grand
Fernie
Sporting
Notes
LAST   FRIDAY'S  GAME   BETWEEN
THE F. A. A. C's AND
HULA HULAS
The first league contest game In the
Fernie Baseball League was played
Friday evening on the new grounds,
dedicated by the Old Timers ana tut
F. A. A. C. clubs in an exhibition game
played Wednesday evening, but, owing
to rain the game had to be called at
tho end ot th'e sixth inning, with a
tally of 9—C in favor of the victors in
Wednesday's game.
Kastner umpired, aud the K. A, A.
C's went to the bat. The first inning
was barren of results for tite.'batters
niid'thie Hula Hulas took their flrat tw
nt. batting Dufour's offers, which were
a choice selection, he having high balls,
low balls, spit balls and moth bklls.
The Hulas scored the lirst run of the
gaine.'*-
Kobertson, the pitcher for the Hula
Hula boys proved a steady pitcher, not
too easy for the F A, A. .C's,'and .'was
FERNIE CITY  BASEBALL LEA.GUE
SCHEDULE
May1'16th—Hulas vs. F. A. A. C's.
May 21st—Hulas vs. Old Timers.
May 23rd.—Old Timers vs. F. A. A.
C's.
music and a whale qf a time is pro. I ?,O0: Mrs- Ella Janelko, Nordegg. Al-
mIsefl jberta. $1.00;    Harry    Pawluk,    Alta.,
„i$i.oo. '-...'
Will Open Office    in   Cranbrook.—
The B. C. Loggers' Union have mado
Death   of   Only   Child.—The three
Cranbrook the central point for their ! *«t"»U»s <M '»f!Ult s0" oi Mr- an(l Mreorganization in the interior, and will plli"tt KirRjiatrick. died early Sunday
Immediately open up offices in that! string after a few days of sickness
city. S. J. Hartnell, district organizer, ifrrt,n bronchitis. The funeral took
has made arrangements for tho placing j lJ,i,C(J ,rol« tho Kirkpatrick'honu». Tu«.%
of a competent man in charge of tho i ,lu-v afternoon, Rev. E. Heywood con.
Cranbrook end of the business. The |'l"<'lng a short religions ceremony nt
Cranbrook local gets away to a good j1!'e honiP- Tbo u,tle oasU*1 W!l8 cov'
start, having some three hundred mem- ltrci1 wlth a wtmUh of (loWt!ra< thfi trl*
hers already on their list.    The mem-  ,,,Itn *"' rrim,H ()f th* totally.
bi.whip hns passed
mark,
lhe live   thousand
j    Fernie's   New   Chief   of   Police.--
  ! Provincial Constable Joseph Floardman,
Fire Brigade Mav.es Quick Run.— istationed f?r a long time sit Conl ('*>;>).,
An alarm nf fir" v.'n-*; mrm-il iv. fr un■ nwl v;"" tfnown hero :iwl throiiphmit
number ill Tnrinlay 'forcjioon which'the Phnh, hns received the appoint.
ratified lb* (ire lirk'wtf :i Inn-* nn. *' Ini*: til. of ,'l\\of of police nf Vorn<t\ to
fonr.ynnr.old buy \v,v] . ,*t Ur
in a Ktabl*' bU-ujiKuig ui .u,..
\i> h:\y'i*'^" ,,K' Ylurf nf Clilct WoUiby,    who
KUiuir, i h;'.s rt>,si«n«-;l.   <"hii-f lloardma:i'   will
and bfTorc tlm flrcim-it could rvivh it,|i"MHiH' tht- dntlin of his now oflice on
Ihf- little bui!i!i»g w;i< pn.-ltj null -kw \tlo ft rut of .lnn«\ nnd Kx.Chlef WVIeby
led. but proinnt act ion r-nved ». ltiiu>;<>' will leave Komi" for Newark. N, ,»..
mar Uy from d.uuu'o. Tliero wnn no ; wheni ht- g«»en to join a broiher In l»u»i-
itmiiraiktc on -Ov*. stahlnand ilu> dam- *' *M
n*Kt! will aimumt tu tibout *I.'ih.h<i.   li, |. _—
iinpoMitilc to t"tl hnw  Vn- Mft»i)'j(.»:il!
POt   -fill*   Ot   »!'|.    Hn.iji.   t,:i*,',t   i.)    tl.>*,.■*,   *■,'■
catch !*'.-- fir-  wn-.--m t*<;r't,r-* is h*ft the.
Hl(jh Water,—Tho Klk river i» on tin
.-»*.-i«iy ri"o. On th" VHb Hi" wntor
-tootl iii 1 fM5t. (Iisht ln«hen    at   the
Ilro hall; tut* 'Ati.'Ujr he- cr.'.vj.it i-.u rnmlicr Coinimny's k«urp. At]
tluoURli llf --lir*- • if!iii»; it 'iimpod •■.*»• lit p, Ht, It Iimi rott-t-hfd tho live f
ovor Iho tt>!> im»«. tmt ni-H'iT. inr he fitut m«rk. At clssht n.tn. on thn 2f»i*u j
got thoro j!i!*t tli • -.am..,     \"«» wimior' it -'ow! «j f|if» uh foot mark, nml   hi I
,U*o mtiki-8' (foot t-'"'   ruefi'lif ' "'- In''*i.>*; ' tiw  fi in    It   iv;»>>. *ix  feet     tWO InohO-H
at Iho 1«l! protiml.--. IiT tn- h;»« „mh 'in thi» '.M<«t It ht»il roarhod six f«t-t and
practice us -thai ot ■T«"-i|,r.' jonr-iiv nine luelios.    YtHlordaj1,  lho22nd.lt
ho will ki-ip m«;I! tiintsil up \» t»ii*, ii limbed to »ev<>ii foot two Inthe* and
three trays ran dnwn 1'iHatt nvetme wins *till risftiE at x a, ,«», Tho oan!
Jimmio MoXirh'>!-ii wni oron-iinif   tho ; l;«lf of tho fiilM-work nn tho wont »pa«
utros-l tu tH:t u, ***,. uM -.-%•. *r.',<li ii.ii'., ii
hmd t»; ,.r-..: rl- i     IU- .,i,u,,.i,l u'l ',u*7 Xt-inU
On Tuesday evening next he is to give
hii, report and it is requested that
every K. P. in Kernie make an effort*
to be present as in addition to I)ulegato
Alton's report there will bo othor bus.
iness if importance.
More   Men  Return,—On    Thursday
evening live more Kernie men arrived
from  the discharge    depot  at "Hovel,
fetoko whence they were taken nfter
their arival In Halifax'on the Celtic.
Tlie live wore:    William Heed.   Con!
Creok;    .James    M.    Ferguson.   CoHl,
Creek;  .lames Itogors,  West Kernie;
Joseph Knowles, Kernie: Tony CoHin*".,
Ktrnie.      They   have  all   hnd   it   full
share of active service    and aru dc-
lighted to got back home.     On the
Arrowhead Bteuuier    coming    toward
Kootenay Landing the    bout looking
ti'iin et tho group discovered n celluloid lnlr fastener whilo searching hi;'
tunic ptickot  for n mutch,    Hls.com.
■pnnlons woro'shocked but tho llmler»»;
| iho nrticlo persist od In the declaration
'that il Iuul boon pti'cel Mirroptlllottsly
ifor tlio onlv personw of the nppotlto
';-,-x  to  whom  ho h'ol  ipoken  In th«
! whole cniupalgn wtro a couple of Sa).
; vntlon Army laf.roM nr-1 two old ladlo-.
!' f the Mlsslon.workeri*'.
j —  ft --■-
iFERMfc WILL. BE
WELL RPPRISlf-NTED
May 28th.
May 30th-
.lune 4 th—
CVs.
June 6th.-
June nth-
June 13th.'
C's.   •
June ISth
June 20th
June 25th
Timers.
June 27th.
July 2nd.
July 4th,
-F. A. A. C.'s vs. Hulas.
Old Timers vs. Hulas.*
Old.Timers vs. F. A. A.
*
•Hulas vs. F. A. A. C.'s.
-Hulas vs. Old Timers.
-Old Timers vs. F. A. A
-F. A. A. C.'s vs. Hulas.
—Ild Timers vs. Hulas.
~nF. A. A. C.'s vs.     Old
—F. A. A. C.'s vs. Hulas
-Old Timers vs. Hulas.
■F. A. A. C.'s vs. Old Tim-
well* supported by Bain behind    the
plate—the home plate—but the F. A.
| A. C.'s succeeded in scoring twice be-
! fore they lost three men.
In the second innings, the K. A. A.
llVs were unable td beat   tlieir   lirst
score by two, and the Hula Hulas*pil.
ed up one more, keeping honors eveu.
Third lime at bat tlve F. A. A. C.V.
* could make but oue tally off Kobort.
son, while the Hula Hulas made three
runs olf Dufour
Fourth inning: The F. A. A. C.'s got
: in snmo good batting nud made threo
runs.
;   The Hula Hulas failed again to score.
The llftli Inning wa* featureless for
'both  s*4des on ihe  tally    sheet, both
|fifdes,»oiug out in one, two, throe, or.
dir,
Qullman, a uow pitcher for (ho
F. A, A. Ck. did tht* twii'lins .in the
Iiiih and sixth for t::o K. A. A. i"«„
and provod riulmr a pirnler for tho
Hula llnlas. ulthoitglt ho wus a little
wild in I He Arm effort, bitting a man
.•ind letting one U> Jlrs; base on ball.-?, j
ORPHEUM
THE HOME OF GOOD PICTURES
Saturday Matinee 2.80.   Saturday Wights First Show at 7
Friday and Saturday, Hay 23 and 24 ,
EXTRA SPECIAL EXTRA SPECIAL
FLORENCE REED
in the great sensational photo-drama based on the play which ran for one
solid year on Broadway
"To-Day"
■tjf George Broadhurst and Abraham Schomer
Replete with sensational scenes, thrilling situations and tense moments, the
picture is the kind that causes the spectator to grip his seat and bold his
^breath with expectancy.
RUTH ROLAND in the 14th chapter of "Hands Up"
»uDo Husbands Deceive" one reel comedy
SJ SPECIAL NOTICE
Owing to the length of-our program Friday and Saturday the first show
will start at at seven a'clock both nights, second sho# at 9;15 o'clock
REGULAR PRICES REGULAR PRICES
Monday, May 26, One Day Only
EDITH ROBERTS in
"A Taste of Life"
A whimsical farce that will chase away the gloom
"The Womanln Tite Wet>"->chapter 4
One Reel Comedy
Tuesday Only, May 27
GLADYS LESLIE in t
"Wild Primrose"
The story of a girl who worked miricales with the magic lamp of love
Vitagraph Blue Ribbon Feature
Wednesday and Thursday, May 28 and 29
DOROTHY PHILLIPS
in the society sensation
"TheTalk of The Town"
Do you ever gossip? Do you ever talk about others? Do jour neighbors
talk about you? A direct wallop at parents who bring their children up to be
prudes in the belief that it is for their benefit to be sweetly ignorant of the
mysteries of life.
A Dorothy Phillips Special Attraction At Regular Prices 1
Bmffljumi^nfflimnHflijfcv
Mrs. E. Todd
LADIES' FURNISHER
Fernie British Columbia
Seasonable Millinery, in the Latest Styles from thc
ers.  ',",'"■ y .-    .*
This schedule Is subject to change
as it is expected another team will en.
ter the running, when ten games each
will be played.
FERNIE TO HAVE TWO GAMES OF
FOOTBALL   TOMORROW
c The 24 tb is going to ba a regular
football day.   The Kernlea and .Michel
teams play at 'iMQ o'clock and    Coa!
Creek and the (!. W.   V.   A. at   six
o'clock.   The first game should prove
a real good one. as Fernlea has sign.
ed on a few new players since their
last gamo with Coal Creek and e>;pect
to make Michel travel at high speed to
liold top place in lhe le?guo,   Fernlea
played Coal Creek to a draw laat g-iim.
one all, and with a better llne.up now j
hhould make good on the 2-!th. I
The game with the U. \V. V. A. and
Coal Creek is called for"4."0, will mue
bo a humdinger,   for   fhx»   ahrapnol j
.   ,   .   „ ,   , ,     dodgers nro out to win and keen even i
Tbo V, A. A. P.s Kcored three runs In j   , ,   „, ,   , ,     „   ,    ,      -.      , j
<|... first H-nlf of the sixth, and when!*"" *"**** for ,irst *MP' aUhou"h |
lhe Uula.lluluK went out in ono, two. j <'««»» i;r»»«»«* '•'" wmmg down vsitli «|
three order. Umpire Kastner ealted the! strong team and the boys from across \
1',1'Mio on nccount of rain. jth'.- pond wilt have to (ravel at topi
The nonr* by limit)!;* .-upe-fd lo ninke good.     The   football!
boj»t are ai-klng everybody   to   turn
wnii sutd tuHtnt for the l>o>» of Kern!*'
its   I helii the good  old game along
come ftn'!    boost    for   the sbr;»tisei'
One bast hit**: P. A. A. C'». ",; Hula ';de(<jteri».   A rpeelal Invitation H   ot.
Great Fashion Centers
Coats, Gapes, Suits, Gowns, Dresses, Whjtewear, Hosiery, Fancy
Work Materials, etc.
Special attention to Mail Orders.
THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF FERNIE
NOTICE
All Ratepayers whose taxes
are still unpaid for the year 1918
are hereby reminded that inte r
est is being: charged at the rate
of 8 per cent per annum.
A tax sale will be held on Sep*
tember 30,1919.
F  A. A  Cm
Hula Iiuin*
Jl 2 -! 1 X'*
,0 2 i :t it :!-
i :i i i o «-
At hit V. A   A. ('.'» -t*; H«l« llni'i-
Holidny Sender* Going to Cranbrook
fer tbe ?.4th«-»peci*l Train
Strvlc*
KvervtMn-.ii li» In readlncit* f«r the
'iIth of May «"lubratlon nt Cmnbrooit.
K large number, of F<rnielte» have
»lgn!ffetl tlif Ir Intention of taking |tar*
la ll»«j <«!»''iri»Iloti, Including a fepre.
tbo no* tblim- «»nt «to*n utr.-Hiii* t"Mn\lnewtvxb*ri.tv*l*rnn*,mbnw\tl
night. :h..* untlnt. tl.e f entt t   V MMr*^ Sn *h* t.'f ^nd-. n t*nnr*
A number *IH leave
HulBM,  15-
.Sioit-ii IwHeh: V. A. A, C. *. C. Colton, '■',  Anderson, I*
I'lils out**! F. A, A. f.'n, WtlM-'U. i:
Clover, I; An«ler»«n. 8; Sotka. I: tjull-
in., ii, 1.
Stolen btineti'. Hula Hulas, K. C«l.
tm, ": l»unlrtt». I: Wiw. 2; -Unitu it
JUibiTi .t'ii
j tended to nil tho    ladle*.    (Jet     tre
( li!!*>i'.     !,e :i  boo»ti»r.
MICKtL SPQPTim NOTF*
Itsms of Inttreit   to   the    Sport in j
Frntornlty t« nnd Aroond
> Michel
!    In the Inst in.no *ot The IHtfict ijtt.
;cer an <'-rr«r ppp<»i«red !n tho lift "'
tin-fit, took « rtinnhit Jump nnd Kwunit; i»i«*r from the we*f end work and n»n. *»' ib* n«*a»l«n.
4.i.s«. ;U ;*. *. :.:,„;■. **•  ;t.. „„■. ,**«,.„ ' -U-him ,;.;^.,H tl.. i«a>ii*« **n *A *„n ■ ■" -X-r -w "- *>» - --»'• bf-i**. >*t »h«
an M H».**.| !..■  *.n, ii,.* .f.-.- «>, ,'„n!«.-. H,.t ■»,.,,(»,   Tl.- N-rmttre-tii •*,.,,n «t t'.;,-.r.f".z. tow *,**irt;*'J« f»r*> **v*ti.
rtllop     It   rn-.-.-/.  x  i*iu*i\  i-Mit\i,    »o<t Mb*-f'{<4 end l» In id«fi« »nd no duneer tnr toleive.
.llmml'» r.;i" In .it tfve fire.
>f Iif. be I hk drttvaifivd I* -itipreh«nd<'4
v*
'i   itt, 5r iPi
S "R. TT IT €\ 19 IT
J JuP HTV a.   \J 3B%. SU
I
You tio Klsewhere To Purchase
See What HADDADS
' Specials Are
The enion Storeln The Union Building
■nvaMBMMaaBa«t»HB>mmnaMMMMi
l,rtf:tiri-)n,-nit k'uro t*t-on   m^'ii* for
ihf nuiiiiuu of   a . h-< Ul "lr«in frini
~~~~~~~"~~~~~ I,-,,,,,,,),,,   ,,, 1.1,1,  w\\] \„mo iwvo nl. ".! *
it; i £?jh..»,$*   ,»n ihf mnntlnr ot lb* 2nh »fid *.lll
*   mri«f> ii* rr-irhnwk mi t»..t?», rptnmlne
«*•>*** l«»*»#» «r«ii*»w»fc at l ii m, Hiindty
mnrrinR »nd •rrlt**! li Went* at 3.?l.
fh» nmnd trip tan* l. tin*.
n
rrt-mr r*nt    «.r»r.f  t*m»*ir mrxitnt*
IN NKW ROIE AT GRAND
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
:    Janm Smab,   f«rni#ftr *$   Y*mt*.
mho ba* appeared n* Wm, S. Hart*
b*nd*nt woman In rnmmtret* Sttrrafi
pw,wrm, pt ***n In aappon of t "battel
f\i; ;'-. ?!(,. n'-T"*!| pf''*!!'"-, "T''-% '7ni •
n' tlm Ken," whieb wilt ht I** •»»«,,
Um* at Ur* Crnot tli#*»t* mo Mny "Wl1
end »ti! nett. Wfw Vant ft fwtty,
f sltsttH. And l&nally edapled to tbn re
wi ttmt mam  fow piw>ii*wi
Krror»", K, A, A V'*, ■*'. Hula l!«l»«7-. mrn whn rettletrivd wl'h tb«» Mti'tifi
7. j Football Club,   ttt.e fcrrwtwl li#t    l«
ivmnrce of :ht» mmo: |8fl (9\\mn: j0» a. Watmm. lir. iitown
I!. <'nliun Kiitlnml In n Imiutiftil Hmm VMWI# j. w. Hotto**, .lm
*!.>.«mwr In rjKUt IbM fr>.m "*«n's ;Trilv,f, ,t, w. H»nwlw*. M. V«i«*. i
hnt niidt-itfm**ndnni*r<-niobfir.*e**r:-ly j,,nkln#< 8_ Wwvcr< W. t,aW(4 iA.-..
1ho .ffllly *hf.*.»^ .(, ,    Kra!J   p_ M.K*w^. T. Ve.
Itiikntit. at llr»t b,i*»>, rn»d«f »t» or. • . ..  „     ,    _. ,.     .  -. „^
tor tiymim to bold «•  mbot hm ,!«««" "• *»»■•.. T- tJ'"'»,• T ***«>
itroottib L M. i '   v- " ■.; »• rbnn^o.^,xt.ifVy
* .,i,ti,Ui,l In trans u* tU-U,- a *:\S * >"*""'< «»' xv f"nfct?", I
bull f-wtn Qullman, *t«»t hi* tout In Hw*      Tht- mm* wltlrti wm miII#«1 b* en
wny n( tbo ball ami pm hr%l htr*f. ' W*dn*sdav, Mm ttlti, w*» pliyed on
llolM-rtiw*!* itv-mtil a kliud>' vlil'^r iTLur., t>', v,hk:i put*t*A uuu'.lior win
nml bids f.ifr tn li<» nno of '.ho t"*"* n,r Mhh.d „f t-tir v.-Mtia »n till <fw.
t«trier* In th* to-at Im*w.. ^     :of ,|r, mm wnn pbiiH In tito dnt*.-\
-'--"■-  * —"-■* • ■"•**  ' '■■■ i tOm fitrnw |»i«j»;f* mn* tto: #ti**r mm it *j
■, . '*■    »,..<* ..... ..    •-  x • "*  tit.     i
■'. » !-*,-• ;(ft.it*..', h*.* ewtvil '■*"*,;' r rt't-'-
t,.r»iip *n.l Im» l*t a wat to P.rr.t htm*
s Uf.* hlttin* Wfci * hard ««««• on th •
j-ann*
Trades Unionists
What is the uso of Increased Wages it tho
Manufacturer, Wholesaler aud Retailer
are to add fo tlio iiiercawul wajje cost,
their usual |iereenta*res of profit, and
compel you to buy hack the commodities you produce with three scales
of excess profit added.
Protect Wags Values hy joining the < *o-
Opcnifive for the distriluitimi of these
commodities, aud ultimately To-Oper-
ative prtHluetiou of tht* mereliruirliKe for
U'!h««1i|  i*#»m* H'tnw»« in*" »tv»«!tnMn-(i»l
M
t**'l'**'V**9
l.*,l    VAat,   *f *K.t.,    *litl-i.t   .»    > ,».  lit*..     ..»■<■
fmi tlM* -fewiti-ant^nirnt *** pint*    U ia-
% i *.-..* h ia t't miitts-'MH I'ti "»)■»' r.'w.""
, d*«*.r«»t arranK«aMnt« mill fiam f*i »»*
,^r. +,,y, f«<fr%** Ia*     t\*  **)■*■**       **V .wi*! *ranw* h>*t**".-*r.  ■*:*':
FERNIE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY, LTD,
I V   \   \, 1"*, noptttfow, was «lw»    *■■
itmtm   wild   the   bnt ttin« on   tfc*'
plnye-il 6y f-fi**^ Ti»aw»t#f«, wUMi
■M
****** pS***.9*.*l9    **V«
, na.** et morf thm »f.#»r» pte" *»* '* i,
imnnd »a? eftowal. dtrtded impron* ■ it,.mmnm€4r    fbe ItounaW* tonld ' *-
TS HuK 1^i!t^L!imwm *-**« ** »*ih* **m M' ***,lftt'l
•win uu. h,m i* incut j3 ^kh Jai_ Tiff| hrntt awmf  tml.
mA,M'h *"AA%S^X%)i*S$$"~-'""s*""
^iimsmsssmxexiymt %
s! *mr*d tbim* t**U not II Trail* *ttol
i ia nmtbtr tot c««i mttmutn. Ibe kuA _
j* *,*'•-.] *,-ttr- d w-,m a tot-tt* id*** td %ft».
J TM* afi«'"f»*li*i!ir!i<"t)?"1 i*if T«wi't«. .
V fb* WWd pbawotn wroM W» tot
I komw what la wromt wtKb tbm V*rnt*
,. tmnm to tk* «Mtt«r ot tnontm Um* >
T-ijlillo      at*      ■ *fm't' ,**1* *• **** "* ft******' $******',
U Von Wtat Um BEST te M«ita Fconj or Olll «•
ffi-: Kft'i.t Bttn
It
SdWfw for WftrM W O n
W ef A
HftcDotcId Blcrk
BENSON
fteohr in
rr«di amI QtmA Uootn, With f*o1to% Uttor, Igp,  W«
TMie+tf rrmn|>| .    Pttnm At*** l» AM
Vhtmo tttt fWnrmmntfth Arm oor} TMtrff* tb
tolbo^^^ua^^
ii
f, v*-.*» *   ♦* * ^#*Wfr*  *M?M^V!

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