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The District Ledger 1919-06-13

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VOLUME 1, NO. 44
* ♦-»♦» »»^»»
*■'    ♦
.(From El Paso (Texas) Her.
aid, June 5)
"A special train of 300 Jdexi
cans and their families left
here last night on the El Paso
and Southwestern railroad for
Chatham, Ontario, where they
will be employed *in the beet
lields during the summer.
They were brought across the
international bridge early yes.
torday afternoon and left her^
in charge of Canadian oHl-
Printed By Union Labor
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<►♦♦<*►♦♦♦ ♦
Another Step For
One Biff Union
Tho One Big Union conference at
Calgary finished its sessions on Monday evening last after having drawn
up a, constitution and elected tempor.
ary ollicers for the preliminary work.
The subject matter of the constitution
will go before tho various organizations which have voted to withdraw
from the so.called international organizations. A referendum! vote will be
taken and arrangements made for a
first annual convention, the election of
officers, the choice of headquarters,
etc. The official report of the conference has been sent to all locals.
Very little publicity hash een given
to the conference at Calgary for there
were no speeches. Various commit,
tees worked out the different details
and coming before the body as a whole
satisfactory readjustments were made
•where necessary. Nearly 50,000 -workers were represented and although the
conference was not widely heralded
abroad it marks nevertheless another
Important step forward.
No Denial That fate of
of G. N.
Manager Wilson Says "We May Ofien At Garwood' And That Means
Government Should Act At Once/f Inte^sts of The Property
Holders of Fernie Are To Be Protested.   '
Will Government
. Investigate
♦******+ ♦o^ '0^^^4**0^9^0**0-^*0- <VW ♦♦♦♦<»
Fernie, June 10, 1919      ♦
Premier Asks The Company For
anation of TKs Situation
Corporation Again Attempts To Camouflage The Issue By Placing
The Blame On The l 'A ttitude of Union Officials"—Crows' Nest
Steal To Be Reviewed.
Strike-Situation In
Brief '
The District Ledger has been in
touch with locals all ovor District 18
and hns discovered a splendid soli.
Parity In practically every camp-
There is nothing startllngly new to
report. Somo camps are absolutely
"acabless" while in others a few of
those pestiferous vermin have appeared. A number of mines are fast uolng
to destruction and some of the opera,
tors la Alberta aro fast artraretan
tors in Albo-rla are awakening to the
fact that thoy have boon victimized by
tke stronger power within thoir own
ranks. Several of tbo operators have
been calling at the offices or tho Director of Coal Operations and his as.
aistants at Calgary to discuss the situation.
According to reports we are recelv.
tag tmm Winnipeg tho stories In the
Ualgarr *nd other dally papers are
perverted accounts of what ls really
happening. Evory effort Is being made
on tho part of the authorities to stir
ap trouble whilo tho strikers are con-
Mnnlnff thn regard for law and or.^r
that thar bntn manifested from the
wmmencement of the strlko.
Tremendous efforts are being exert.
nt at Calgary ana Vancouvor to break
He spirit of tho strtkorn In thoso clues
oot large monetary Inilicmenm aro
being h-sld oot for scat*.
 * ■■■-■■ o->- **■■*■ -
How About Grows'
Nest Pass Titles
IM> Smltlia tan demanded that seven
Brest mine nwnln-g jmetn tn Oreat
Uriutn, submit their tltlo deed* to thn
property, tor aeratlny. Tbn Income of
the M*r4*I* of Bate bat. bttn caMmai
ni at over !99,<NN) iwanda a year. He
♦ ♦♦♦»»♦<►♦
Referring to The District Ledger's story re abandonment of Coal Creek and the way in which the Western
Coal Operators were all victimized, W. R. Wilson, general manager and second vice-president of the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company," says:
"I have uo particular comment to make.   The sub-
~5*eennartW15em8l7rbe~a3dressed partly to my associates
on the Western Coal Operators Association, and partly to
the citizens of Pernie, and I am sure they are both quite
competent to form their own conclusions without comment from me.
"Wo may open at Sparwood some day. It is within
the bounds of possibility. We have made no secret of our
survey work there during the past five years, nor of similar work at Morrissey. But the suggestion tbat opening
at one or, both of these points would mean closing Conl
Creek is simply pure invention and conjecture. The life
of any mine, however, depends on the production of coal
from it at less cost than you ean get for it. Everything
that reduces tho margin between cost aud price hastens
the economic end of the operation, and whether the ro*
sponsiblo act be through ignorance or deliberation the
result is tho same. An instance of this is tho present attitude of the Uiiion officials in refusing permission to
men to remain at work to do the necessary upkeep and
repair work during tho shutdown, although this is part of
the present agreement, and has always been done in the
past. We cannot make them do thc work, but we must
mnke it plain that we do not accept the bloinc for the
"I do not suggest that the impression conveyed that
I was manager at the time of thc explosion in 1002 was
deliberately intended to mislead, but the fact that I left
Kernie some nine mouths before thut oceurrouco would
hate been very easy to verify before publication."
long idleness they need have little fear of Fernie becoming
a second
It would have cost the coal company one-half of a cent per ton
on their minimum production to have averted the strike and a
much smaller fraction on maximum production and yet the company
preferred to have the strike and to run the risk-o£ theraines being
"utterly ruined." Does the company for a moment think that any
man in his sane senses would believe that the company would be
wanted to save them for the sake of that fraction of a cent? Mr.
Wilson was the one man among all the coal operators of the Association of.which he is president who could have averted the strike but he
preferred to have it go on knowing that his fellow operators would in
many eases have their mines practically destroyed while for his concern the worse the effect of the strike the better it would be for the
carrying out of his plans to get cheap coal.
Let us presume for a moment that Mr. Wilson is absolutely honest in saying that "closing Coal Creek is simply pure invention and
conjecture." Such being the ease Mr. Wilson should without hesitancy agree to u'.government investigation witli a review of the concession rights ofthe company and the passing of-whatever legislation
is necessary to guarantee individual property rights in Fernie and
the issues of bonds which this nty has made. Will lie bo willing for
such a review and such an investigation?  Watch him'
Premier John Oliver, of British Columbia, has asked Tho Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company for an "explanation of the situation." Wc
have not yet seen that "explanation,"
Dr. Bonnell, M. P., wires under date of June t>:
"Minister of Labor informs me that threat published in local
paper cannot be correct as lie has positive evidence that company aro
anxious to continue working mines."
The minister of labor (T) knowitig the facts as he does, could
easily measure the company's anxiety by the fraction nf a cent which
would have kept the mines in operation. Hon, Gideon Robertson,
however, eannot be expected to see anything except, through the
glasses of tho corporations. The date of Dr. Bunnell's telegram
shows how close k Gideon Robertson's connection with thc business
end ofthe
To The Hon, John Oliver,
Premier of British Columbia:
WHEREAS, W. R. Wilson, Esq,, general manager and
second vice-president of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, in a statement in The Fernie Free Press asserts that
"we may open at Sparwood," and
WHEREAS, responsible officials of the Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Co. have made the statement that coal can be produced at Sparwood for a dollar a ton, and
WHEREAS, machinery purchased for the safety and improvement of mines at Coal Creek has been kept idle
at   Coal   Creek  since   its   arrival   many months ago
and it is common knowledge that it is to be used in the
n^w field and,
WHEREAS, there are many other reasons to believe
that it is the intention of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company to abandon the mines adjacent to Fernie as soon as
such abandonment is practicable and
WHEREAS, such abandonment would mean serious
loss to the householders and property holders and also
to holders of city bonds, besides the abandonment of an
area containing millions of tons of coal which would be
irretrievably lost to the province;
THE UNDERSIGNED THEREFORE HUMBLY PETITION you as head of the government of the province of
British Columbia to at once commence a thorough investigation which will lead to legislative guarantees that
such abandonment will not be considered and which
will also review the concessionary grants of the said
company with a view of safeguarding the interests of the
The above petition signed by several hundred property owners
of Fernie, obtained after only two hours canvass, was forwarded this
week to the premier of the province. In addition to the above the
following facts were drawn to the attention of Hon. Mr Oliver:
"The federal government's high cost of living commission Bet
the minimum amount upon which a worker could live.
"Your government instituted an eight-hour law and a certain
number of workers were affected who had been working ten and
eleven hours at the established minimum.
"The operators took advantage of this law and when the men'a
time was reduced their wages were also reduced below the said established minimum. The miners organization took the ground that
under no conditions would they consent to a reduction of wage3 because they had been assured that it was not the intention of the Act
that it should be used as a pretext for the reduction of wages,
"A readjustment would not have added one-half cent p«r ton
to the cost of production of coal."
A telegram received froni Dr. Bonnell, M.l\. on Wednesday said
thnt he had jiisl been to the Depart incut of Labor and found that
Hon. Gideon Robertson hnd again gone to Winnipeg. Dr. Bonnell
said he had talked lhe proposed abandonment of Conl Creek over
with Deputy .Minister of Lnbor Ackland and that he was writing
fully to Gladstone local regarding the matter.
of these records are available.   Below we print some comment from
the Winnipeg Tribune in June, UlOfi:
The claim* made hy The District Ledger regarding tho proposed
abandonment of thc mines at Coal Cul are not denied by the Crow'a
Nest Pn** Coal Company, either through their manager, Mr. Wilson,
or their official organ, The Fernie Free Pre**.  Mr. Wilson iay»:
Tlie Free Press says:
"XI they cannot operate successfully in one place they will try
Another aad there is no law or reaaon to prevent tbem."
Mr. Wilson know* that it is hia hope and hia intention to have
o compnny J*, without doubt  » |,i,>i„^, ,„„,,*,,r,
a eoal operation proceeding at Hparwood that will eelipue anything I feel* that law* mo not ninth- tor iln control    1 .*.«• ■ ..   e
he big corporation which bus Fernie's clestiny in its grasp. Dr.
Bomicll'x attention has been called to the fact that the extent of  tbe l1je Winnipcg ^^^ 8Urs up thc Coal gubjMt with a r^ Hot
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company's "anxiety" to continue workitufi Poker
the mines is measured by a fraction of a cent and he hns been advised j ,     _
tbnt if the (row's Neat Pass Coal Company has no «ii..|. .ini^r m-j ,, m, tUmmmt ,„„,„ „UMW. ft, ottflWa in r,.fc>.m, to ,,„,, ,flnt,B
teiitions as Tho District Ledger has attributed to it there should be nO| invn„(| ,IV 1hi. iUwi,mwu* ,t( Viim,Ui ls ,{„„!«,,„„ „f pnWi, eonvie-
objeetion to a review of their concession privileges and the securing lioH jn t!jis,„u,j{n Uuii MIt.,, ttjtfl (|i.|miiiiU Biiuui(i,)(, lpw|tM, ag th,
on behalf of the people of Fernie inch legislative parantees as would l ,r| uf {y 1(|i,. ,UjiI lh, j(W,1,rH,,i|l uf „„.,„ ,,„, „„.„,„, m.„r jn.
Insure business stability in thii community. I Ut ,tT'tVhUt \mu\H
Reminding to "His Master's Voice" th litor of the Ferniej       „.,v m-sU.r |tf ||j(. ,,,,,.,.,„,, M|. oHvil. ,U|(j J(Jj ^ ^ ()f
Free Ire** nays:      ^ ieoiir.se, in  pointing out  that   il   wot the t'ojiM-rvniivc Government
'•The Crow's Nest Pass dnl Company i* a bu-dncw crieem.' lvhi.!. granted the vast «rcint «.f puM,*- lands,   ri-luil'iu? immemr t\*
If tbey ennnot operate siieei-.ssfully in oi.e place, they will try another j.,,^, „f , „„]. |„ r.(lhv lopatnes, '
am] there is im law or r««*ou t.i prevent them," 1       Tll„ !lhtlU. ,.x,r!(,.t'fro».. an editorial urtoAo puMmhed in    the
The companv k without d.„.t.i   « l...-:...-     ■ •    Fm> , w ,(,„(.r,j,iV IM ,„„.„.„„„„ „„ *t i>r„,,t of tto- Mirpminir iciurflis
r *.(• h i>.i.»r  t,
Utb« owner of ln.eeosenm, Includlna  the company ha* ever undertaken and by winch coal will be pm- i devil* na get in ,|,.|»t „r m |jiN»| miiN or iu inil for |„.jni? J(IM rjl)}j..,,j
u!i> -li ni- :(.|,( i>
Hcli real mines In Sottth WsIm,    tt« j ,j|jm, „, „ t,mi ttf a (,i(,jrtr ., fo|, or pOTI||,|y iwlii Against that intcn
la also chairman at ttie Cardiff rtatl I . ,      . ,
llon( tiniier Ihe nynleiri of btixineiM of today, no one ea!i utter a word
way ■Poaifinnj'   nail   director   ef the
nhymncr  Rallwar (Tompanyi
Mil e««|»oii«i>.ji' the eniise nf tl
ii<se who w.ir!-;.    Ami th.
mural r.sp.ni.
MHilit>  ..I it lo.Mro-ss eot.eerii is not gruit tinder existifti*
. it Hot only .ihn'i'i;** Ii
ii u*i,   I; i> t,I.,«
bill  tiee«'*i«,-ii'v a
ii* eomlitioni.
The| Mr. Wilson eannot be criticised for his endeavor lo produce coal at! H,^ "Vtlul r'-»rft"iWli,'r xur" «1»'" ^ «™>^ »« *ht*n\,l h*.
t*r-iit-*1   i<<*,-||  that  !i
Where     the everlastin
a   pc«»pl»«,
". »"" ':i,,3'■, ,u'" "'■"'•»' i Tin- |{»-it.-»t t'i.t.Il.lt.
»..» .ueivv   uu ntte mnirr  I;****   ,^,,, Ui.,*  v,,tit,.;,,,
,...,,, I» «» lhn» iaiW would    be ' |».^ j,„Mi t
!U.".I I>at1uiiin   ukia   nlmni   ^JMi to phttX'th*: %hmthmmL ^Htn th^ nxx.iA'.i- ",,, t-\li.t,; i\„- o.iiar.tS He,«ith ior the t»»i«i»»*v*«» tt*        "     '
ntrea snd  he ssW   at the mnl  mm j u mn ih(t nM ^i,,,,,,^ rtf t|m |'w Pre** which noon in organized j «*'!,,',» !»**»«».
lv infai
Unit-   I f  I SV
*'*tm> i>« i'j(u»»> ii maid*
-!..-<• thi* I,,".. ,.f   tu*
i   -     . ■        , i
i    li.   ' .»it-o»ii,   ••!    eWfv
l':j"    df.l!      '■•►■f.tfe th*
t-M'.Qi   9t9t,t-49t*t.   u4.^4 9t' . 4
4*nii .1U UI ll  f' If      i I'-i'l
It«tc iliH-k* ai Vatillft.
9,*i#9*t.,ti ■*-!/   ,i9*,*t,it,9
•i  ■ ,i.' •<   rJ . :■- H
t-nm"-**.-'  ,*.»•♦,»    *1     i   1 *        .   *
1 lhe lowwt. potnihle mat.   Tho nnlv l*mtont Tho Hintrxi*1 Itttiver mm\o, ,.,,„i t\,y%   •.   . **    * r       , ..
was against the ati-cmpls which tbe cwtapany are Susiiljuusly «ial;ii*i{  hi ,* *:tniiuiuiiti,x which ba* bf-cn Jimii
:}' ''»rnt]it ;*'i«', rt:t«
»V   l,lti"lt'.*   (|,.**;,iHII-'->"*f   *•**   '•«  «•"*
through the Ci-,t\x's. S,->t Vn*
f. .1,
-••i ( nlmhU.4 iVtt
'   r::;'*-ra
•1-MiiiMi ttmnaltf lhat it wnmld tttk*  n
wtlimr tan to earry  Ws tftto fm-ti, 1 »»<»•*' »>■» »»»k *» «•»« *«*» »«m|uiiom».
"Ktmtr mm*," said HmMlle iiHn^ tbm
oocTone say tu hours a wiik
it turricifNT
Trwettm.    Oni.    Inn*    1 •
, ■■   *       ...     .,...|*<t-.-.ji  .».*,* .« 4»i.*>»t«ii tf**intt,9,,,tttily,
and wc arc coiitblcnt a legal rcwpoii-vihiltty n% well to F««riiw« as n
i-omniiinity. Thc etmr*raiou* granted tliat eompany ercateil the responsibility and it Will be found that there U both "law and mmum"
In pn»vr*nt them abandoning Coal Creek with \tn miliionw ,*( n*:m of jJrjf
lintoliclteil n*nl an thnt thox onn mnlto touro noire-r "ij   ' ..; ; "u;  	
. «p«l in Iht- natural rewtirees of BritUh Columbia whieh mtiu
rr^f^tjerUn m objectim, to their inailvitv.  Tlie averatre "kmin«« mm'\th„-,: „,.„.., ,
If the "itiMine«« men" of Fernie ere willing lo have the Crow*»
Jitthi Vam* C*»aI Ce-iv.-,v.vn,v% ii'.t«ivt^nv.* tra,irrwd c.ul Tlu1 DUUv*. l*-*l
'"l lhe no.*'.   v.t!t(.tbl«'
>l   the  Hitikt   \;»i(|.lltl.-   ,
*■*-*- '""'im "> ">e.b*)*>..U «Ui'ki>r tbim f\t*r were dn-auo-.t
pbyaiclan* have panned np me ff lwar; 0f Kernie tioea iwrt want In see the wine* at Coal Crtek abandoned., fUnc'* heathen < liinw
wertta* w«*h as a lM^MibiMty anaUala f.     , ,        .*.»..        *...%.        -n *.     *.    *      *       ■ *       I
eMe mni m  rar  na tboy tie em! ^*  <0*t       * htmrti ifcat Ihey wdl ** eatnamMxi, end hriotf j
onttmm. Ast tbty nt* lorMtae * Intel I in thtt frame of miixi n veiy lame promise w aaiwfaetory.      The
SX^ oitm&A  torttXion. aay*, "Wl WOl.
»f Lv   P.--. '
I'..   !„   ,■■(■*   .
".•!:?  'hill Itri
W.'l-  tl...  . *. ..■•..*r  ''-,-
Wlildi   :].~<ti1.(HMl  .tt.r*-*..  In
llrih-is i Miiniu.su; iti fn<*t. ■
Thi*   I'.i.ted   n   trri'iit   s.t.*.*«-u<   of   |»r.i!«.»|   fr«ini   ||i«
ish fVdimdiia, ami the l,,h,*rnt iio'Utio-r!> f«»r Unttsh iVhimbiji in
llie  IhillUhUtU  llnils..  1ml   i,X   Ml.   W      \* .   H    ,'VIeJoO'*  -«n»M   -tf-tMernor
..f *!.,*  YiAf.:      1. .,   *.   '    >   "t    •   •*■      I        ,'.,.,,,. ,    i    y.   ._   ,ia.
■\tftt\tm-ini A't tlotl jN-rtMiiti'tf tin* .hl.itiioii*. -»j.-st|.
In th*> wantiti... M«—i". t',.%, .Inftra
' ;",tl bifid*
ll   «|<'pO<iltlt
l"0«»»«f   ?hen   fif
IfAfB that ttnleas the mines at Coal Creek ere utterly rained by a ^ n^^. - , ,, .   A _     , ..    _ *
•I Britieh Colsmha by the €nm% Nm Pass Coe! Company   A
ay ttinl th* ir ***,**,-mUiI "Lib*
■' eral" grafd-n* bad nhtnittetl iwrnvotAti of the cbarh-r fn^ti tb-e   pr<K
It will bt interesting at thk time to look up some of th** r*. m«t^r«   Thw tort. h**w*-vet. sr»* kru-.wn orilr i.i He CuMfn ««■*•
lo lh* nnirinti} hnhlrr*
nor to* i
t*h, ,t    .  .      * *-J*ffr«y nag,
•   ■*■*'.' '.'.ur*.*:. I" aiu.ik Ut U«»*. ,in,9*t .-,r,i-r *of    tYff,
itoumr tJosrernment.   The private memlmn *if lh* Horn** and   the
H ftfitimosil tm   psftt fttfi l^-.-ja.-. ■ . ■*,
-> -,*.-r-**^«,,J_r-—
"No, time for neutrality," says the
♦ Calgary Herald of May 29. Then it is
every workers' business to get busy
and it does not matter whether we he
lagged One Big Union, or so many little unions, our sympathies are the
same, our cause is the same. But The
Calgary Herald is opposed to the present strike and believes, and the Minister of Labor declares, it is a movement
designed to overturn the existing industrial system and that leaders in the
One Big Union demonstration do not
represent organized hCbor as a unit.
_ Why is it that the Editor of the Calgary Herald and the .Minister of La.
bor will not look the world square in
the face, instead of lying around street
diers are human and that they realize
that the workers are their friends and
brothers and that they too are out to
live and not to starve.
That human society has a right to
live and enjoy the products of its labor.
LOXDOX.—Ove--; a million persons
are now out of work here, and of
these 100,000 are in the cotton district. Very naturally, labor leaders
kjiiI tni.iie unionsts everywhere'are de.
mainline that fhe government should
of brotherhood and freedom. For
years I have thought of you as a
dauntless explorer, going toward the
dawn, and, like a humble adventurer,
I have followed in the trail of your
footsteps. From time to time the
greetings that have made me very
happy, and now I reach out my hand
arid clasp yours through prison bars.
"With heartfelt greetings, and with
a firm faith that the cause for which
you are now martyred shall be all
the stronger because of your sacrifice
and devotion, I am,
"Yours for the revolution—may it
come swiftly, like a .*tt of light
sundering the dark."
American's View of;
The Russian Situation
organize   production   and   nationalize >
industry, instead of giving uneniploy. I Petrograd a City Without Crime and
ment doles. *^as No Police—Safer Than Paris
It  is   pointed  out  that  there  is  a! and Has No Women on the
world shortage of necessary articles j Streets
corners trying to rope part of the com.! while factories stand idle, that noth. j	
nv.mity whom they are pleased to class i'"fi  h'is 1)een done to start the an-]    L» FoUeue's .Magazine for May haa
nounced schemes of housing,, town jtho following Jetter, which was a per.
planning, a(forestration and intensive sonai coniinunieaiion, in its issue. Thc
cultivation of the soil, and that the letter throws considerable light on the
travelling public is being put to the situation in Petrograd today.   The fore-
as Leaders or Reds or Bolsheviks or
any thing they think will stink in the
nostrils of the readers of the so-called
We read some lime ago through tlm
Herald that they knew something of
Unionism. That being so they must
know by the vote.- ihat ara being taken throughout this- country and even
other countries that sympathetic
strikes are not brought about by a few
leaders or agitators or Oue Hjg Union
Then, where is the thoughtful workman who, would not vote in sympathy
with the workers today?
When we see the blundering. reek-
Situation is Bad
less, foolish methods adopted by the 1 pared with the apparent indifference
government, the Minister of Labor and ; shown   in
Tiie Calgary Herald to meet a condi.! elections,
lion which exists in every country at
greatest  inconvenience  through want jword by the etlitoi. is sufficient to prove
of transport facilities while thousands ;at loast that the wrlter la well liIl0wn
of unemployed could be repairing roll. jami ,t0 be trusted.
ing stock and manning extra trains
nnd tubes, etc.
Labor Scores in Local Elections
All  over  the   country  hundreds  of
labor   men   and   women   have   been
placed on the county, district' and parish councils, and boards of guardians.
This labor movement in our local gov. j [)oa
eminent is unprecedented.    If those
wlio rail aimlessly against Bolshevism,
tbey would see in this successful laibor campaign in local districts, as
i compaign  in local districts, as com.
"The writer of this letter is a trained
investigator, able, impartial aiid-truqt.
worthy. 1 commend his statements to
the confidence of our readers.—
tht- pre-. :iit time.
If they think that by creating dis.
cord or spending a little money in
printing slimy stuff it will prevent In-
mistrial Un'onism or O119 Drg Unionsni
they are sadly mistaken
For instance, a strike thrust upon
District 18 with a membership of some.
thing like 8,000, and according to Com.
missioner Armstrong only five workmen involved.
Here, Mr. Calgary Herald, "would
you disrupt or die without ah effort or
would ycu be sympathetic and fight to
1 he last ditch?
The conditions that exist today are
not brought about by Industrial tin.
io-iism or One Big Unionism. But In.
dustrial Unionism is brought about
by conditions that exist,. the H.C.L.
being the greatest factor in bringing
the worker to a sense of his position,
thereby compelling him t9 form a policy whereby he may be able to exist.
Hence a One Big Industrial Union,
even if Governments have to fall and
the recent parliamentary
real desire for the decen.
tralization of government which is
really the foundation of the Bolshev.
1st system. (Evelyn Sharp, of the London Herald.) '
(From the New Age, Buffalo, N.Y.)
Forest Hill, X.Y.,
March 11. 1919.
"To Eugene V. Debs:
"Dear Comrade: Of course, the Supreme Court has sustained the decis.
ion of the lower court in your case. To
my   mind,   the   decision   has   added
another laurel to your wreath of vie
tories.    Once more you are going to i in opposition and would tentl to greatly
feU'osrad, March
1 have been several weeks in Petrograd. 1 have met, Tchitcherin, Lit.
vinov and most of the Important personages in the communist government
of Petrograd.
Briefly, my opinion of the Russian
situation is as follows: In Petrograd
1 presume the present communist gov.
urnment bus a majority of the working
men obeying it but probably less than
half of the total population are members of the communist party., How.
ever, my conclusions are based on conversation with not only communists
but also many opponents of the com.
munist government, members of the
aristocracy, business men and foreigners, and I am persuaded that, a large
majority of the population of Petrograd
if given a choice between the present
government and the two alternatives,
a counter revolution or foreign inter,
vention, would without hesitation take
the present government. Foreign intervention would unite the population
systems have to change. No matter if
a favored few have to be swept out of
the way. Democracy will have to live,
will in spite of all the forces that can
he brought against it. If our children
ot today suffer for want of mllk, we
live in hope that tomorrow there will
be enough and to spare. To think that
in this age men have to light to live
in a land flowing with milk and honey.
According to the capitalist press, a
land of immeasurable resources, un.
measured, ujisurveyod and uncultivaL
ed. Yet the people have not tbe
wherewithal to live and are refused
tho right of collective bargaining.
it ia true that Citizens committees
(strike brekkers) mny be able to disrupt and sidetrack the workers ln
Winnipeg and other places for a while
but thoy will never break the heart of
Industrial Unionism In Winnipeg and
Calgary. I ean apeak for the miners
ot District 18; they have had some be.
fore. The press boasts of how little
we have in tho till for strlko purposes
ret tbe same press would fain make
tho returned Holdlern believe that wo
ara little millionaires.
Never mind, Mr.Ed itor, I was glad
to note In your last Issue that even sol.
prison for upholding the liberties of
the people.
"I write because my heart cries but
and will not be still. I write because
I want you to know that I should be
proud if the Supreme Court convicted
me of abhorring war, and doing all in
itny power to oppose it. When I think
of the millions who have suffered in
patience. I want to fling myself
against all brute powers that destroy
the life and break the spirit of man.
"In the persecution of our comrades
there Is one satisfaction.   Every trial
of men like you, every 8e£"'.mce
against them, tears away the veil that
hides the face of the enemy. The dis-
cuBsion and agitation that follow the
trials define more sharply the position
that must be taken before all men can
live together in peace, happiness and
"We were driven into the war for
liberty, democracy and humanity. Be.
hold what Is happening all over-the
world today. ""Oh, where is the swift
vengeance of Jehovah, that it does not
fall upon the host of those who are
marshalling machine guns against
hunger-stricken people. It is the oom.
placency ot madness to call such acts
"preserving law and order." Law and
order! What oceans ot blood and
tears are shed In their name! I have
come to loath traditions and Instltu,
tions that take away the rights ot the
poor and protect the wicked against
judgement. ,
"The wise fools who sit in the high
places of justice fall to see that In
revolutionary times like the present
vital issues are settled, not by statutes
decrees and authorities, but In spite
of them. Like tho Olrondlns In Franco
they imagine that force can check the
onrush ot revolution. Thus they sow
the wind, and unto them shall be the
harvest of the whirlwind.
"You, dear comrade. I have long
lovod you because you are the apostle
emphasize the present nationalist
spirit. Revolution would result In
There is nowhere a group of Russians in whom the people I have talked with have confidence. Kolehak,
Denikin, Yudenvitch, Trepov, the des.
picable hordes of Russia emigress who
haunt the Grand hotel, Stockholm, the
Socithans house, Helsingfors, the offices of the peace commission in Paris,
and squabble among themselves as to
how the Russian'situation shall be
roIvbH; aii_equally fall to Arid..' many_
supporters in Petrograd. Those with
whom I have talked recognize that an.
other revolution, did it succeed in developing a strong government, would
result in a white terror comparable
with that of Finland. In Finland our
consul has a record ot 12,500 execu.
tions in some fifty districts out of
something like 500 distrlots by the
white guard. In Petrograd I have been
repeatedly assured that the total red
executions in Petrograd and 'Moscow
and other cities was at a maximum
It may seem somewhat inconsistent
ror the Russian bourgeoisie to oppose
Allied intervention and at the same
time to give whole-hearted support to
the present government. Thty justify
this attitude on the grounds that
when the two great problems of food
and peace are solved the whole popu.
latlon can turn itself to assisting the
present regime In developing a stable
e Iti dent government. They point to
the numerous changes which have already been Introduced by the present
communist government, to the ac.
knowledge that mistakes have been
made, to the ease of scouring introduction of constructive Ideas under the
present government In possibly a some-
persuaded many of the thinking people
with wBom I have talked to look to the
present government in poslbly a some.
At present, the situation is bad. Rus-,
what modified form as the salvation of
sia is straining every nerve to ra'se an
army to oppose'the encircling White
Guards. That the army is efficient, is
demonstrated by the present location
demonstrated by the present location of
Soviet forces who have contended with
the Russian White lluard supported by
enormous sums of money, munitions
and even sailors from tho Allies. Na.
turally transportation is inelllcient;
it was horrible in the las! year of the
Czar'st*1(j'ginio, Absolute separation
from tlj rest of the world combined
with the*chaotic conditions which Russia has passed through since the 1917
revolution, plus the sabotage, which
until recently was quite general among
the intelligent classes,,including engineers, lias resulted in a decrease In
rolling stock, The transportation of,
the enormous, army which has been
raised limits the number of cars which
can be used for food. Tho cutting Off
of Siberia, Finland, the Baltic provinces, and until reeenMy the Ukraine,
lines of food transportation. Consequently there has been great suffering
in Petrograd. Of the population of a
million 200,000 are reported by the
board of health .to'be*ill; 100,000 seri.
ously ill in hospitals'or at home, and
another 100,000 with swollen limbs still
able to go to the food kitchens.
However, the reports of people dying in the,streets are not true. What,
ever food exists is fairly well distributed and there are food kitchens where
anyone can get a fairly good dinner for
3.50 roubles. For money one cnn still
obtain many of the luxuries'of life. The
children, some 50.000 of whom have
been provided with homes, are splcn.
didly taken care of and except for -'be
absence of m?lk have llt-le to contain
of. In the nuhl'c schools free lunches
are given the children and one sees in
the faces of the younger generation
little of the suffering which some of
the older people have undergone and
are undergoing. Food conditions have
improved recently du° to the suspension of passenger traffic and the r-^.k.
ing of Ukraine where food is plentiful.
From GO to 100 carloads of food havr
arrived in Petrograd each day sines
February 18.
Rome Sort of Recognition
Pci-Vnna Ilia  fi-)Hl*r, *'n pj/j-jhnt mi
solution of the Russian problem    iR
in Petrograd. Today Petrpgrad is an
orderly city; probably the only city of
the world of its size without police. 1
was at the opera the other night. While
there I was told there had been a
robbery the previous night in which a
man had lost 5,000 roubles, that this
was the first robbery in several weeks.
1 feel personally that Petrograd is safer
than Paf'is. At night there are automo-
biles.s leighs and people ont he streets
at twelve o'clock to a much greater ex.
tent than was true in Paris when 1 was
there in January.
.Most Wonderful of all the great
crowd of prostitutes has disappeared.
I have seen not a disreputable woman
since I went to Petrograd and foreigners who have been there for the last
three months report the same. The
policy of the present government has
resulted in eliminating throughout
Russia, I am told, this horrible outgrowth of modern icvilization.
Begging Jjas decreased. I have ask.
ed to be taken to the poorest parts of
the city to see how the people in the
slums live and both the communist and postponed until a nejj^govelfnment can
bourgeoisie have held up their hands
and said "but you fail to understand
there ars no such places," There is
poyerty but it is scattered and exists
among those of the former poor or the
former rich who have been unable to
adapt themselves to the conditions
which require everyone to do something.
No More Executions
Terrorism has ended. For months
there have been no executions I am
told and certainly people go to the
theatre and church and out on the
streets much as they would ih any
city in the world,
I am dragging this out much longer
than I expected to and I want to add a
fetf lines about the situation in Hels.
ingfors, which seems to me to be worse
by far than that In Russia. In Helsingfors we have an American consul
who has taken a firm stand that the
present government is not representa.
tive and that recognition   should   be
be formed.   On the other hand representatives of tno   food control,   army
officers? etc., are persuading Manner,
heim that the United States government is back of him and that we as a
people are absolutely opposed to the
Socialists, of whom- Mannerheim has
executed so many, and to the com.
munist government across the boundary to the east. The Engli3h situation
is the same. Part of the Englishmen
are bringing pressure to bear on Gen.
eral Yudenvitch with the help of Russians to invade Russia or the Finns to
do likewise. Another group 6t Englishmen oppose this attitude and look
favorably upon the Soviet government.
All this is happening at the same time
ihat the new parliament is meeting,
with 80 Socialists out of 200 members.
There is a power in Finland more
important than that of the foreign
oflice and the civil power, and that
is the military government of which
Mannerheim is the head.
A Straight Tip
.Advertisements in The District Ledger
reach the people who are willing Und
able to spend money. It will be your
own fault if you don't get some of that
money     Ifyou 're interested,  Get Busy.
some sort, of recognition of the pve-^nt
government with the establlshr.iei t ot
economic relations and the se'idlug of
every possible assistance to th 3 people.
I liave been treated in a wonderful
manner by the communist representatives, though they know that 1 am no
Socialist. They have the warmest af.,
fection for America, believe in President Wilson, and are certain that we
are coming to their assistance, and to.
gether with our engineers, our food,
our school -teachers, and our supplies
they are going to develop In Russia a
government which will emphasize the
rights of the common people as no
other government has, I am convinced of the necessity for us taking a
step Immediately to ond the suffering
of this wonderful people that I would
be willing to stake all I have in con.
verting every ninety out of every hundred American business men whom I
could take to Petrograd for two weeks.
It Is needless for me to tell you -that
most of the stories that have come
from Russia regarding atrocities, hor.
rors, immortality, are manufactured In
Vlborg, -Helslngfors or Stockholm.
The horrible massacres planned for
latt November were first learned of In
Petrograd from tbe /Helsingfors
papers. Tbat anybody could even for
,a moment believe in the nationalisation
of women seems Impossible to anyone
Onr Forest* Helnod to Win the "War.
The District Ledger has one of the finest equipments in the Canadian  West  for the production
of high class printing.
We are  prepared to supply on short notice, at reasonable  prices,  business stationery   of every
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We have a fine selection of papers and envelopes and will be pleased to submit samples and prices
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rata*i#i,.&«=■■■. *.*■ am-Ja:
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Direetory ofO.M.W.ofA.
Headquarters, 316 Beveridge Building, Calgary, Alfa. \
President, P. M. Christophers,    Vice-President, Alex McFegan, •
Blairmore^ Alta.
Secretary-Treasurer, Ed. Browne
Brule, Alta.
International Board Member, R. Livett
District Board Members
Frank Brindley, Fernie, B.C., Sub. Dist. No. 1
John Brooks, Bellevue, Alta. Sub. Dist. No. 2
Chas. Peacock, Lethbridge, Alta., -Sub. Dist. No. 3
Frank Wheatley, Bankhead, Sub. Dist. No. 4
John Kent, Wayne, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 5
David Fraser, Brule, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 6
A. Benson, Sub. Dist. No. 7
"Steve Begalli, District Organizer
District Solicitor, H. Ostlund, Lethbridge,-Alta.
Fernie, B. C.
Michel, B. C.
Corbin, B. C.
Coleman, Alta.
Carbondale, via Coleman
Blairmore, Alta.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
Hillcrest, Alta.
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Federal Mine, Lethbridge
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Canmore, Alta.
Nordegg, Alta.
Wayne, Alta,
Drumheller, Alta.
Rosedale, Alta.
Aerial, AJta.
Drumheller, Alta.
Drumheller, Alta.',.   .   .
Monarch Mine, Alta.
Yellowhead, Coalspur, Alta.
Lovett, Alta.
Oliphant Munson, via Coalspur
Diamond City, Alta.
Mountain Park, Alta.
Mile 22, Coalspur, Alta.
Pocahontas, Alta.
Brule, Alta.    .
Humberstone Mine,
Harry Martin
Henry Beard
• J. Glover
John Johnston
Dan Rogers
Rod McDonald
Evan Morgan
John Brooks
Frank Lote
Charles Peacock
Matt PetraB
Percy Spencer
Albert Zak
Alex." McRoberts
Frank Wheatley
N. D. Thachuk
James Bewsher
John Kent
John 0'Sullivan
S. McNiveu
I. Radocy
A. Parker
J. K. Adams
Robert Parry
J. P. Morris
E. Lund
Joseph Ormond
K. McGillivray
W. C. Stephens
L. A. Williams
Mack Stigler
Box 488, Edmonton
Ed. Eastham
Will J. Keen
W, J. Bourque
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The District-Ledger
Phone 9     :•:     Pernie, B. C
Appeal Editor Interviews Debs
In The Prison
(By E. Haldeman.Julius in the Appeal [martyrdom.   Debs wants his freedom,
to-Reason) but he wants it honorably.   He wants
Evansburgh, Alta.
Cardiff, Alta.
Twin City Mines, 9710-85th Ave., Strathcona
,„.;.. RobulJones
_4!!8 Sturgeett-MinefNayaOi-Edmostott—HDrArThomar-
4119 Dawson Mine, Edmonton, Bo* 792   Thomas Coxon
4121 Clover Bar, Strathcona Elmer Burk
4184 Coal City, Taber      • William Durham
27 Regal Collieries, Taber G. H. Davis
Moundsville, W. Va. iMay 20.—Eugene V. Debs, this country's most con.
spicuous political prisoner, is ready to
serve his full ten years rather than
compromise the principles that to him
are more precious than life itself. 1
spent a number of hours with Debs
and found him quite at home, feeling
free of spirit because he is convinced
that he has been true to his conscience. He talks with the same dram,
atlc restraint that impressed me when
1 saw him in Terre Haute in 1916 „ at
the time he was running for Congress
and back in 1911 when 1 interviewed
him in Chicago during his last Pr-vi-id
•■" ,'al campaii <i. He told me that it
he were on his way home now and
showed the slightest repentance then
would he really be a prisoner—his soul
would be behind bars of iron.
I feel at a distinct disadvantagf in
writing this Interview because under
prison regulations agreed to between
Debs and his warden, Debs is not to
issue statement;! tor publication. I
promised not to use quotation mariis in
any report i might write! I am trying
to be true to D»bs, fair with the war.
den and yet {five the Appeal re-i-Ji^s
th> 'nformation they deserve
Debs is deeply grateful to the Appeal
for the efforts it U making for him
Debs made his "words of thanks ring
deep. He gets the Appeal each week
and sees that we are sparing neither
space, time nor money in the flght to
free him. I didn't have to tell Debs
that the Appeal army is standing by
him. His mail would be proof enough,
if that were all. He gets books, magazines, flowers, cigars, sweets aud
substantial "eats" from every section
of the country. He appreciates this
from the bottom of his heart. It brings
happiness not only to him but to the
sick in the hospital where he earns the
board which the government provides.
Cannot Answer All Letters
I was in his room—thank Ood he
isn't cooped up in a stifling cell. His
room is of fair size, .with a bed that
fetches rhapsodic carols of praise from
Debs—he sleeps when be goes to bed.
There ls a large window facing south
—a window that is almost the full
length of the room, commanding an excellent view of the interesting prison
yard. The head of his bed Is at the
right of the window, and to the left of
to come out without shame.' Debs is
not ashamed because he is in prison.
He is there ior an idjia. And so long as
that idea is'lofty instead of disgraceful,
his days spent in prison are not black
shameful days.
'When Debs speaks of those who
want him in prison his eyes li<?M tragically and his face takes on an i:iiiaite
sadness. As we stood in his room in
Moundsville prison and laughed and
joked I could .feel a vague heaviness
in his heart and a sorrowfulness over
a world's crass stupidity and senseless cruelty. I'm glad we laughed and
joked, for one can smother sobs that
Our Lips are not Sealed
Debs—among 900 strange, sick souls
—Debs, pledged to silence among his
"buddies," to not one of whom can unburden his heart because those words
might be "propaganda"! Yes, they
would be "propaganda," burning pellets
of "propaganda"—but he must keep
his lips sealed. God! Debs must keep
silent, but we who are criminally free
In prisons of larger proportions can
still talk, and talk we shall. Debs I
Shall Debs, nursing the sick in
Moundsville prison hospital, be forgotten by the sick of the outer world
whose wounds and bruises Debs' tender hands sought to heal?
Debs is noj going to retract a word;
he is not going to beg mercy. Will he,
therefore, spend the rest of his days in
the West Virginia bastile? Debs is
old now; he was taken from a sick bed
and hurried to prison. His health Is
bad—I can prove this even though
Debs speaks of himself so lightly.
May our souls rot in Hell if we let
one day pass without protest so long
as Debs is in prison.
To The Secretaries Of All
Locals in District 18
/Many spirited protests have been
made by Australian labor bodies
against Allied interference in Russia,
also against the tyranny shown to.
wards law-abiding Russian citizens in
Autsralla. As regards the latter, the
position has become weir1 nigh intol.
erable. A goodly number of them have
been interned and with their wives
and families are to be deported -to
the bed DebB has a table on which he j where, they are not told. The govern-
keeps a row of books, a glass full of ment is busy trying to rope in others
flowers and writing materials. Debs as well. In addition to this, those at
can write ttll he pleases, but, of liberty are subjected to military raids
course, he could not possibly answer j every now and then*, these and other
all the letflrfl-ha-|rifttaJfmm-friendB^»hD.
Who is Your
know him and friends who never saw
him but who love bim as deeply <>
Under the agreement he struck with
the warden (whom I talked with and
found to be a right nice fellow) Debs
is to write nothing for publication, nor
talk propaganda among the 900 prisoners.    Debs obeys implicitly and is con-
purpose of terrorizing them. The Russians naturally complain at the ac.
tion of the government, and tbe press
in backing up the actions of the government, and point out that tbey are
| law.abldlng citizens who were invited
to come to Australia by Tory-Govern,
ment Immigration agents from their
The District Ledger believes that it
deserves a wider measure of encouagement
from the membership.
There should be an immediate increase
.. .   ■' ■,'-. ***
in circulation, not only because of the fact
that the expenses are increasing and more
sidered a model prisoner. He is liked! own country. Today the same govern
by everybody—from the warden to the j ments do not want them, while the
poor wretch who is to be executed oni; malicious lies spread about them make
June 20. When I walked with Debs j it extremely difficult for them to ob-
from theaaptain's office to Debs' room tain a living.
In the hospital seotion, Debs was
greeted by everyone in sight. And
Debs returned the greetings with:
"Howdy, (Bill." "Hello, Sam, feel bet.
ter?" "Ho, there, Harry," "Oh, boy.
Larry."  Debs knows every man by hts
At the annual conference of the Am.
tralian Labor Party, held at Mel-
boune (Victoria) on April 18.22, (lie
following motions were carried:
"That this conference strongly protests against the use of any forces to
tlmt nome. and all call htm "Mister Interfere with the Interna! Rovt-rnnifint
Debs," with qlow emphasis on tbe Mis- of Russia, objects to the Allied pol.
ter. jlcy of starvation  by  blocked?, and
"He's a brainy guy an' a good sport," urged the government to do all In Its
was a guard's unsolicited testimonial   power to allow the Kantian people to
Debs loves them all. He considers , work out their own destinies,
this penitentiary a university where! "That this conference protests
he is privileged to take a course or {against (he treatment moled out to
study In human nature, it Is at) a Mr. Peter Slmonoff (the Itussian con-
wonderful experience to him. Possibly j •ul.general, who has bee.i gaoled)
tho only drawback ls found In the un. * and othor Russian citizeni ln Au*-
fortunate fact that he is away from j trails, nnd Instructs the labor oxocu.
bis family, especially hit dear wife and j tlve to demand that Mr, Blmonnff and
brother.  This opinion is not mine; it's jthe Russian citizens doslriug to re
I Debs'.
] The spirit of Debs is utterly un-
i breakable. He could stay here his full
| term and still he would not lose an lota
of faith in the cause h<« pemonalisy
i seems to symbolize. He bears no nwt.
* ice, not even towards his enemies.
Dobs told me the   witnesses in his
I turn to Russia by any route that will
permit them to return to their native
land, be at once permitted to do nn
such agitation to bo followed by depu.
tellon to the Prime -.Minister.
"That this eanterence, rwognixlng
that the Russian working-class revo.
lut ion. In seeking to pstablith the com.
trial repeated his statements with fair J mon ownership and workera* manage-
: accuracy.   He took the stand that he j ment of the collectively used means of
j said what he was alleged to have said, j production, has the same object as the
that he ft'It he had said the truth, and * international tabor Movement In gon-
if that might constitute a violation of ,crni nnd thn Australian Ubor Movo.
taw he would be ready   to   tak* hia I ji^nf fn pn.rt.lenin.r fv.prt>*vn«t Un *nr*
tabode In a penitentiary.    He   could i nest hopo for the success of that revo.
have quibbled; he could have pointed; im|0n and the npoedy and bloodless
out Incon-MdU'nel-wi; he might have re. acrtimplishnujiit of that objoet In ever*
Interpreted his own reported remarks,j country.   It further declares that the
but no, he refused to draw tine dlstlnc.; maM of t«*»tlmonr rrom dlalntereated
, tions, he refUMtd   to trim his   sails,: ■nhtorvrr* shows that thn blame nf th*
though he saw the doom   of prison»ttmalan Mnodihed and famine munt
■ opening before his eyea.   He has   no be imputwl to:    tn The terroritm,
hatred for the witnesses, tke judge wlio corruption and InrarwirUv nf thn t'xar-
sentenced htm, tbe Supreme Court, the ur  r*tttm* against  whl«*h «antt«ll*t
prison officials, and thc powerful poll
tieians who are keeping htm when* he
Only on* thing hiirn and tankl**. A
lying B-twujia-pr rtpmtt, ttartel      tt
*rovernm«ntK have never proinnted;
<2> thn ruin and dlnordtr inrfnalna
from th* trenl war, and 13» the tnn
port hy armed Intervention nnd *tir
ration hlorknde t*nd«>red ti„v tt>« M"**
i Youngstown. Ohio, where bn mnde me •<*, rciriiwr" iwm>raeiit« whieh M«■*
f of his "farwwHI addresses.'*   credited n* iholr nWod* th« reitnraUon of «anl
2 klas with remark, like:   Io hell   with, talltm and rnrlstn
'tkt Bnprtmtn Vnmtt,"   "when I ao to      Thu   enmt*r*n**   (writer   pint-**
iprtsen thew will k#a (i#n«ral Htrtfce,"|nn reontd tt« entlia«l««tl-r admlrati«K
ete.   Theee vatree   atafawenta wet* nt ih* rmtnrt of tk* antMiillttarist
i umm! aaainst U*t»» imt ttetet* he wna gftHaltfttft nf Hnmpo dnrtn*; lh* war,
taken to prison. The Attorney f J«ueral who** aim* have h##n ntt viWy wis.
ttitutt'tnl Uhmh' an* otmpnl Ittiih.      Tlwy  rffrtsent'di by tk* *a»WaM« ptt-tn **
money is needed but because more and more
workers should be kept closely in touch with
the ideas of the progressive forces of the
We. appeal to all secretaries, or others interested
to bring this matter to the attention of the membership
at once. There ts scarcely a camp where more than
twenty-five per cent of the membership has subscribed.
A few camps have done very much better.
Do it today or at your very first meeting. It is
a part of your share in the big struggle that is now
convulsing the whole world.
We have not the time to write to individuals and
trust that all interested will take this as a personal
were asid. It nenmn, aa an extnne lot Australia
A.9*99.91*. Wi**. «-.«*«    ..it..19*19999.      .M.-..9 , itn* tvtnttitrm*! kmim m*tiw-i*i
I vl*,.,*. bt* nr* 1>t*   <rVl*i til* ttfV VtTvl   i\M. ,.*., ■ *,\-   ,   ii. In,!'  m* . 1*1,1/    ;mi1 ti*
ttpl1H*d. swearta* that h* iievw  hM jwWt.h -fum-eliM* tor tb** iwrp*#» of
tb*m things.   And If Hefcs tnya   tm, putting bntor* th»» p*»pl« the tri'k of I
TofM 3i'MWPt4 hf li l-ft'BOau* thf iriitk. Iff |)|«, Ru*#iaB ptmii'mtS'' \
n*hs had «nM tlmie t»fng» tkfeee wbn\  „ _„_ |
know htm dwt nw*Hon that h* wowM ■ „,.,--,
ivb, told ta* that he saw the Aasoelat ' ARE LOCKiO OUT
td Pmm tepMtnt wto arlgtaallr fare' 	
tbnne Ilea to the piMIe: Heks.   In tke f   fhe ron«ol!d«twl mnlen t'tmpnnr
pruwHM* ot M» Ptomy. teM ktm   to of f»(«**t«fi-4. It.tr. haa tort«*d onf nr.;
ivtftct; the Wfafter btnrt eotb pbtne* ^ fN ■Bm9tmmK pr^nnMbly ror *n.
ot Debs* ioImbb denial-and the row. Uor*tm tht* m* ttf* t'ntm   la April
nrtty. tiwkeruwi liar smrt Mek to^M twmpenr nnmomred n «i» nt trom \
hi* tritttm avid titnA* nuAhlMiN, «»v. W hu jji in ',t* tenia p«*r Aay in wim>n nod.
.wtt— ■ee-aertene* atOI had etxwegh on- ,*»ui  t*>«» *mnih*-****  m **«»'»l
tcney tn **rnfgfif',n hfm np f*t     ft ^^ lt IW ^** eeM«i» m ***mot m
lent! a aWommt tfl trtrrei-titm. the tt. t1m t*dmr*d ort*** oom*d tm mmnt.
trials ef Ihe Ae»ehitei   Preen »*it t»1« the erne****** n*t**4 in   *<****
bur* jwtott'ttn$tx*tmmnm tm Ms n^ ,j,» onl' tm* ham ******** or
tepntt. tbo m** <**»-* *bn tomon**- bo*. wtth««t
t*nbo ts Wt ttm to an* tor a „, etpUaatlon. paid «t a tr**l ftiM
ptrton Te dem wmtt tmtfy nm ot- „ he*ot it* w»im«*M it******* ttt ih**
mf***** et pmltwne* met n*tm, nn- '^ttuu IU wuuiwwij. UalHM.U4kU»tfctU
h*ta already said, ta aot fnptmnot iimm9 M 4Metafwe all a«ttata« let
Deha la on ttrwntd Aint bo It ont J th, o.W V, hat the shift hmnen fatted
aeeklnt martrrtfom ff« told nn that. i» 4a M buMrwted.
•otntmg i» toot* bbtwoomm tot *««• 9wm* ot tbo mm tottm* tm *+**
tttottn thaa OelKieeate ottorto far wntbni nn moot ot tommy ymrn oa
The District Ledger
B. Ct
' """" ""   '"*—»—*--—■«.-.--«*        ■■■-"- —••-t^^^nmmmmmmtim^
Honmtawd, aad dataa tkat the rempaw i half of the ■»*» o**4*d bebme ttm wot ■ *■*> lHtl» t* *%pett*n tmm thoir unit*
ti tn better flasttetat r«n<f,(Ufm iixtay ho piodnn* the nam* amount nt * faith       lh* i\t*ryit*e nt tlm !1<   fiitfitiMl
:h*»* at aai time dartotg Na Maaety.i   tn* oemtomew bom eeat aa nwtm* "' * * "
if ha* mttwbotw* biboroorlm aaawhli. |i»i»««r to th« *****, tmt ik* remymay
try ttmt bon tttnttat*** aeere tkaa e*e.{haa pwiwpa ttmt ntm* tot Na actte*
**t iMm bt taktto ow ifea wtowm «n
ihe |ti»>rtKtal aid OomtoOm totott* Vtf***wiMWh'ii, ^^7 "l"!^*0*^!"^
-''<■*?. ^
Owned, controlled and Published by District 18, United Mine
Workers of America. Subscrip-
Advertising rates on application,
tion price $1.25 a year in advance.
Thoroughly equipped for high-
class job printing of every description.
Phone No. 9      "    P. 0. Box 380
The people of the, west who have
come to realize that the U. IV H. is
greater than the government must
read with great interest the words
■that flow from the lips and pen of tlie
head of that great corporation.
When President Jieatty wa? in l'er-
nie for a short time a few weeks ago it
was not realized how mighty was his
intellect and how keen his discern,
mem; Other men,whom we have been
■considering "great" have been puzzled over the industrial unrest and
have differed . in opinions as to its
rauses. To President. Beatty it is no
puzzle- Speaking to a Winnipeg re.
porter on Saturday last President
tteatty said with coiifklettee and direct-
"This industrial unrest is nothing
more than mental trouble due to the
He declared that a bumper crop in
the west would cure all th-e trouble.
It is pleasant, indeed to liave the
matter so easily disposed of. When
next we go to buy a pair of shoes for
the kiddie and find the shoe man asking six or seven or eight dollars for
the shoes it is not going to bother tis
iu the least for we will realize that it
is "mental trouble due to tbe war"
that makes the shoe man charge m
much. When the grocery man tends
in his bill we are not S'oitt.; to 'ooi a
bit peeved for we will know he doesn't
mean to put down such big lieures
but is merely suffering from "mental
trouble due to the war." if we have
occasion to get a box of goods or
furniture from Calgary or any other
pdint on the C. P. R. we, are not going
to complain of the bv.'S.x freight rate
for we will know that there's nothing
the matter with it only "mental trou.
ble due to th* war." Ii ever we get on
a C. P. R. train and at meal time go
into the dining car and order a bowl
of. soup and a tough steak wjthja few
potatoes and a cup of coffee aqd then
find a bill alongside our plate for two
dollars and four bits we won't lee!
tiie least unrestful for even dining
.car men are suffering from "mental
unrest due to the war."
Canada owes a debt of gratitude to
Inflated Capital Is Calling
or Dividends, Dividends,
A very significant item of news is going the rounds of the Canadian Press to the effect that Minister of Finance Thomas White will,
soon resign his ■ position in the cabinet and take the better paying and
more important job of managing the Canadian Bank of Commerce.
Premier Sir Robert Borden does not anticipate remaining much
longer at the helm. He,,too, is one of the important men in the banking world of today.
The war has left Canada an • enormous debt and iu the country
thero are train loads of paper "promises to pay." These promises
can only be kept by the producers of real wealth acquiescing to conditions of*, "thrift," they have never before known. Already they are
commencing to groan under the burden and the more rebellious are
protesting. At all costs their protests must be suppressed either by
skillful blind-folding or by force' of arms. A powerful daily press
and news service i.s doing the blindfolding but it is not able to handle
the situation alone so more stringent laws are to be passed and more
rigid powers of repression constructed.
A Glasgow, Scotland, paper of 'April 17th last has an account
of banking conditions in thc old eountry which is not without its
counterpart in Canada.   It says:
Watch the financiers. This should be a "cue for all militant Soc.
ialists. Wc are apt to concern ourselves solely with the doings of the
industrial capitalists, forgetting that in most cases "the piAver behind the throne" is that of the gentlemen of finance. AVitlrthe connivance of the Government, some amazing things have happened during thc last few years; things whieh have meant nothing more or less
than the establishment of an international, money trust, placing into
the hands of a group of cosmopolitan cambists the entire control of
industry in this and other countries. The financier wields a weapon
of practically unlimited power, able at will to create artificial money
and bring into being fictitious capital. Of course, like aU such weapons, this power is one that possesses dangers for the users as well as
the people it is used against, but the fact remaius that up to the
present the financiers have wielded this weapon fairly successfully.
There are. though, ominous signs of a financial crackup. If we examine the international financial situation we shall discover the important parts banks play in our industrial life, which is not generally appreciated by the majority of the workers. Prom the relatively
unimportant role of being merely bullion dealers with facilities for
safe deposit,.,they have become vital organs of. the capitalist system.
With the wonderful development of credit they control for good or ill
the whole mechanism of production. ,
concluded intimate working arrangements with a number of foreign
and colonial banks, the British Bank of South America, .Ltd., the
Banca Italiana di Sconto, the Irving National of New York aud
others. The London City and Midland and the London County Westminster and Parr's each "combine an Iri^h bank, while the latter
possesses a Preach subsidiary and branches in Spain. William Deacon's Bank have entered into a working arrangement with Anglo-
South American Bank and the London and Brazilian Bank, while
clearing banks are interested in the British Italian Corporation and
the British Trade Corporation.
And so the process of, amalgamation goes on. All this is going
on at the surface and must be only a faint clue to the real trustification that is going on secretly in the conclaves of the world's financiers. ., : !. -
. ' - ". "'-/'- .
At present the money lords'hold the reins of power. Meanwhile the storm clouds are massing,on the capitalist horizon. The
very foundations of property owning society are rocking.
-raw uiuiiaiii. juuTH jJr*BSiueinr_*cnr-'iii*s~
Canadian Pacific Railway for having so
effectively brushed aside the clouds
that have been hovering over us so
A apecial to the Calgary Herald
from Winnipeg shows how the combined Intelligences of the secret services
of t^e United States and Canada have
discovered that the One Hig Union is
responsible for the Winnipeg strike
and all the smaller disturbances.
Considering the immense amount of
money Canada Is expending' upon its
secrot service better results should be
expected. The worst troublo with
our secret service in Canada is the
fact that its men are sent out with
Instructions as to what they are to dis.
cover, They have direct instructions
from their maulers that they must find
'Kcm-ethlng to stop tho One Big Unlou.
They must not let such a trifling thing
aa truth stand in the way of what they
Tliey Hhould have discovered tbnt
there wan no One Hig Union at the
(to- of th*" WI'i'iiii'K -strike ami that
the commit too apiutiiiti d at the Cul-
pnry writfrt'ii'>• w:tw  twrt'ly !:>r the
Am I My Brothers' Keeper
(liy W. J. Curry in The Critic, Vancouver)
"And the Lo^d said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother, and Cain
said, I know not; am I my brother's keeper?  And He said, The
Blood of thy brother crieth unto me from the ground."—
• Genesis.
Today the blood of millions is crying from the battlefields of
Europe and asking the world's rulers, What,.was it for whieh he
fought and died?
The sign of hope today is that in Canada and elsewhere thc survivors of those who fought the great war in Europe are enlisting
with their comrades on the industrial fields, and in Winnipeg and
Ottawa this alignment is bringing dismay to the masters and their
political executives or governments.
Today, as always, every contest of labor and capital has a moral
and social significance^
Morality is based on relationship. Whichever side in the contest
stands for justice and peace is moral, and vice versa.
No Man Liveth to Himself
The modern world is one'vast organism, with tingling nerves
which convey pain or pleasure* or news, whether false or true, to its
furthest part, with arteries and veins which convey the'stream of food
or poison, life or death, to every portion of the throbbing whole.
When our ''ministers of capital," our politicians, editors and
pulpiteers who live by supporting tlie present system of property
shed their crocodile tears over the hardships and suffering of the
"innocent public." due to this sympathetic strike of "man struggling
for life in the jungle of capitalism," it is enough to make one sick.
| It is only our knowledge, past struggles and victories of our race, our
Today, an important financial transaction is nothing more than a j faith iu the common people and in the forces of understanding and
book-keeping operation performed by the banks, which may lend a revolt due to increasing stress, that enables us to take heart and see
thousand ov a million pounds by merely crediting the borrower.with; through the lowering storm clouds of today into the blue sky and
that sum on their books. The bulk of payments today are by means j sunshine of tomorrow.' For our opponents, to whom the overthrow
of cheques'; the cheques being exchanged or "balanced" at the Bank-j 0f wage slavery seems ruin, there can only be darkness and despair,
er's Clearing House, and the balances between the different banks; Their only hope is iu ignorance, and the iron heel of 'Maw and^r^
irajmr^niyrWtaTrTransiers ot easli^   TTunast rettirns*oljlIe London J der."
Clearing House at the end of 1918 showed that the totM dealt with} The men and women who believe that the public have no respon-
was over £21,000,000,000. Outside of this there is the sums dealt with 1 sibility and are in no way' to blame for our, social distress, are either
by the country bankers, yet the totality of tangible money in this h\ hypocrites or are sorely in need of that knowledge that can only be
about £500,000,000 of which about four hundred millions are paper—; acquired by the- ivouomie stress which this industrial conflict will
money notes.   At a very moderate estimate there is but one pound oi force upon them.
real money behind every fifty pounds of money of account. To ..tolerate a system of property rights that breeds war and pov-
Our Capitalists have been living in a fools' paradise during the erty |s bad enough, but for -state.sir.eji to defend this system with force,
war.   Even before the war, the development of credit had reached a m(\ to antagonize its only alternative, is a social crime the penalty of
stage when a collapse might occur at the slightest dislocation.   Only; whieh is to be driven out in disgrace by the people.
by strong Government measures was a first-rate financial crisis avert- Wealth the Product of Vital Forces
ed when the war's first alarums shook the capitalist fabric. Mori-j Today our ministers of capital, such as Senator Robertson, are
toriums. suspended payments, issue of unlimited paper money; these Anxioua over the suffering of the innocent public through this "o.-i
ada are fully aware of this strike-being a preliminary lining up of
labor in what must be the climax of the class struggle. The workers,
united with the returned men, may force an election and capture political power at any time they see fit.
The Strike in B. C.
There is no part of this continent where intelligent class consciousness is movo thoroughly developed than iu this province, and
this is due to years of scientific propaganda, which is the only antidote of anarchy, n :
With tihe returned men and police realizing, their class interests,
the day is won for the people. With these forces of government on
the side of the workers, the same fate which befell the autocracy of
Russia and the junkers of Germany will end the reign of the capitalist
class of Canada, and there seems no reason it should not be so bloodless and final as the overthrow of the Czar and the Kaiser. After that
will begin the building of the industrial state, production for use and
the abolition of poverty. *.',..
The seven points demanded by labor in B C. are in no sense revolutionary, but they indicate a technical move toward that end. A ,
clean jump from complete plutocracy to a working class dictatorship
is not possible in'Canada, and although those in charge of the strike
are after the earth and its fulness for the useful members of society,
yet they are wise enough to know., how far, the returned man and the
average worker are ready to go at this stage. Constitutional methods
are sufficient for this country. The ballot backed by the ONE BIG-
UNION must win when the time is ripe, and this time seems near at
' The time is at hand when the economic bankruptcy of the present system will be acknowledged by practically all—when the great
social crime will be known to be the exploitation of man by man. This
strike is teaching us that none is independent, and tliat our interests demand co-operation for the common good.
To that question of Cain's: "Am I my brother's keeper?" today
the voices of millions of the workers echo around the world: "Yes,
you arc.    Do ypu keep him down; help him to rise."
were the things that saved the situation temporarily, but aggravated
it permanently.
A period of fictitious war prosperity set in. Government loans
were floated and subscribed, while thousands of millions were borrowed from the financial magnates. These millions wore only arbitrary creation* of credit, having no real wealth behind them, and
merely constituting claims on the future surplus value to be produced by future workers. And so wu havo come to the pass when uoi
only have we an enormous national delit of 80,000 million pounds,
riaiiiiiiiK iiiieivsl to tin- tune of 100 millions per yenr. but
iln- total ejipital of Iln* 1'iipitalist elass probably trebled a
constitutional" strike. Some of the upper elass are so mentally
obtuse that they fail to see that labor of brains and muscle applied
to natural resources produce all the essentials and luxuries of life,
and that the relationship of the capitalist elass and the workers is
that of master and slave.
The fact is, that under this system every commodity used is
stined with the tears and blood and sweat of the masses.
Tite cottons and woollen* and silks whieh the upper classes drupe
and protect thcinselvcH witli, is the unpaid wages of labor,    lt is the
According to the, London "Labor Leader"'of .May's, May Day
celebrations in Great Britain and Ireland were held on an unprecedented scale. Glasgow, true to its reputation, had two hundred and
fifty organizations in procession, and the Red Flags 'flamed over all.
Over a hundred speeches were delivered from twenty-two platforms
in the course of ninety minutes, and at 4 p.m. the'following resolution was acclaimed by the massed audiences:
"That this meeting declares for the overthrow of the capitalist
system of production for profit, and the establishment of a cooperative commonwealth based on "production for use; and further
sends greetings to the European Soviet Republics in Europe and
to the workers of the world. Also we protest against the arrest and
deportation of foreign subjects without trial; further, we urge the
withdrawal of all armies of occupation, and declare in favor of the
1st of May being observed as International Labor Day."
ground where similar resolutions were enthusiastically passed as at
tho Glasgow meeting. In many other places similar proceedings were
the order of the day.
London also had its processions and its meetings. Froni the report wc quote a description of one significant feature in the procession:
"Here is a strange looking, plain white banner, bearing no de-
vice but four large letters, S. S. A. U.
"To the uninitiated the letters mean nothing at all. To those with
inside knowledge they form, the most portentous element of the whole
parade, an element not hitherto present in this or any other coun-
"For the mystic letters ou the banner are the initials of the
recently formed Soldiers', Sailors' and Airmen's Union, formed of
ex-service men and some still in the ranks, of which the guiding spirit
is a Scotch ex-rittenmn, nnd whose fundamental article of faith »
that under uo circumstances will they consent to be used agaiust follow trades unionists iu industrial disputes. Tho men are wearing
their discharge budges alongside red ribbons   and   Socialist   ©m-
"Bronzed and determined looking are these young men, who
the blood-stained fields of Franco and Flanders, and
purpose of til-kins '■'-  ll»S" "» •*"' bow ■        .   .
itinnv unions worn ready to i|Ut:u-1 the j '''  "'*'■
antiquated met inula of the A. )•'. ot U t        All this inflated capital ea
,,m1 unit, in mie itiR industrial timm. | (kjnh] „ou. ^u jH Vopi,,,ioUH ,„,,„. ,M! styled?   U cannot unless the) tres.
have fought on
we haw Jito forces of thc men and fronten and children which are ground up j ,jn, JJ()W (lljjt0 r0iH^Vi nK they themaelvew put it, to Tight the Hun at
oil quad-tin the mill* of Mammon.   The swell clothing worn by our society  *jl011H, • „j,^.)^ \H,m^ iutorproled, means they will stand no uousenae
j dolls arc the playtime and laughter of the child-slaves of the eottou
s out for dividends, dividends, <livi-! millK who live in the .slums of the gre;tt cities and industrial een
And even sup-
tiiftMM of dividend-competing eapital will, by it* own struggles   for
profits, bring aliout a crisis whieh will envelop the whole of capital'
Our food represents the hack-bone and heut'1-ttuht-.a ol the slaves
posing the worker* do a«iw In intensified exploitation, tins vast of the farms and packing housed and sugar mills, and of transport
worker* and clerks,
The shamble* of industry destroys tens of thousands of lives year
HiKJixm. miles* by the t siiiMishuiiiit of a ilnnneial oligarchy or interna    ...
iiion i« im: ii mum ! t'ui"l! !»•*»•'>  »'^'- '*' •»»» ^'"'"''i'"^ i"'.i.,nA'ititiit mum.* u\*ucia   ul[ Mli\ braving a lingering in auddeii dualh Iwiwiwu the lauater vUnn aux\
Tht tino itiK i nioii > capital, and by cntr.dlittg finance artili.eiaUy prolong the life of thc j minuter* of capital hold them down aud keep them blind ns to the
ly, and always millions of meu aud hoys aro^grouping in the mines| J^'j*,,^,. issued a second "order" to whieh, of eouwe. the press gave
lavish publicity
wi*; ii.ultlttHl" of i»<.|il.» i.li'1'n think
Uir l« don* for th<»m hy o«her«, at t ft<*lr
■rontmttmt. The ilnr* Ulr I'nlon of labor
ha* only th* worker* fmm whom io
«tr»w awl only »fi«* thinWnir worker**
from whom to **x|»»^-* noiivt* tttjiport
Tli*. l"Mftri*-t l.wfei r •!*»«*"•» lh«» *•*■
rut m»r»*lr>#i of rnnnif* in prodnro ffw<
pmot h»t ANV ONK IMHVIIM'AI. nr. I
tito in ih*> «»n<* fN«r t'wion of l.»t*>r tn;
('•tool* I* *n «<|roe*!* of l»w Ur-Mik'.n-* j
rvr t,* i-ttihi'.ri. tin *tit* ttttm*e bit** 'tt'- :
Ofs* flit I'nlon of *t'«|»il»T U sn »p*i»!
iziitlon of all worker*.   That yot«» wium
utven umi tu tuntxli lm* earriwii <n»-  workers iifqiiiesn* into deeper .slavery than before.
may Into Iho hearts of the Citimdian
Maniifitflur^rs' Association nml of nil
nimiopollHlM who know thn hIkhM-jhiico
of th« «olid«rlty of lnhor.   Ht>tt<«»   the
»eerct Horvlro ha* he^n ordered to I,.id
nomo moatiM of ItllllnK Hip tin*
Ciioti Itofnw It In rt-:iV'\- hont
'lm? tito* Hut I nion i« no; n came,
it Ih nn nltect
or «*»t»itH| ha- t,*tr*d nno wt ''"'w ■..„.„,„ loaime of their ulaverv
of labor In KftlMfffoiiMi Th.- Uno lliu) rt>MU "'• «ause oi mur wawry. „«. ■„.#. *r
I'nt™ of capital bm tho Rorornmmt.        Whither this is poMiblo i* v«tv doubtful, but there in undoubted.I       The swell ears driven by the upper elasses are the proiiuun oi
Ptenn. tho t*er*i. **rtit* md an that | ]y ^ ^^ .^ t|wt ^^   jhc ,|j|||kcnt Aftf ,,ra w inj| u^fa,, j lht> ,|a*s w|,icb under eapiUliam ran never own ears or homes.  They
Mtitl the liiiuurial ixp.rU of vapihdium an* aiming their effort* in the work long hours without really living, for thone who live without
diivetion of international eontroi.   At home the direction towards; really working at useful labor.
trustifleation is m«ii plainly from tho following lUt of lumiljwmtH       The workers build palaees for the drones, and live in tenements.
liuUh. j       They u*e the |*»ore*t and leave the he«t for their exploiters.
bitidnu City and Mhllam! ami Uttduu Joint Stoek Bank*, now I       Yesterday I talked to « man who had served a term iu iail for
ieiiMu <itv nml Midland. j "million."   lie told ine the xttni .majority of men and women in
Lloyd *'n and < *«p«t»l awl fount ir* Hanks, now Lloyd's Itank.      | Jails were of the working elaw*.   Usually their erime eoukl be traeed
Joitiilim toiimy and WesinniMter, Parrs. NoiiiiiKliam and Not-;to |M»verty; maity had violated property tight* «»«* *he   law   ind
*,,.,*.„., „r .We bin* mnt*** *nd j tiugtwtiinhlre U,uik'*, iwtt London L\.uut> and I'arrV \ order of ll»» elan* whieh live* on the ba«*ks of labor and makes ami en
ilo^tln^-*!'^ Itarelay's. London and Mouth WWrn. I^ndon and l»rovinei»U foree. Ihe law*.
tfifffv ib- rnin-htn^ rom-? fii'infc "trn I mm Hun-lav Y
rt«  T'V, *,.-T?tM»„i1...«-*« (        XalHiiwl I'ruvineial Vuim nt hnMn md HmilU'a, VV. md 4. Wm ...
h,™;.:^^^ Hmtlfont nn,l imt^t    linn*   now    VNtSo«,»    l>*orio*.i*lh*i*l*l..l*ie*. n HovW m.d n vWent revolnlhm lo overthrow ««M»lil»l-
km »«*.'!« tfi -,tt-<-i*m:-um ior p/r-aoi, *-„•. „„ ««.,l *.,i—**ot*\'*'Oi fri»« <*» mxwwr    \inhnr r*xmrt*t ntter th* r*1xxnx*t\ Vtx*ixl
U„ , .99*. ,»,.PW n# «mmt  "ti bf* \       p,nuk 4j Ljvrrji.H.l ami Martin's IlauV, now Bank «f Liverjwol}had lim-d up wilh She alrSltew, eonlradMed Ihi*. and we are now \xi*
Ven** ih*i  »h!« rertdmitn* ran    b*\     . \itr,^'# ? UimuM «li*t WSwitiSpK w«« mter m tm* tmm n»rim«e onA d»«i»r»ler »*
'itr-.--. .fSitt n't**! i..-&,.«4 :l* >■%• *Mifc« ■ t*i i ' ' ... ...,**,.*■
■ntm* it -h* wtttwem *m only noli* I       IJnion Hank of Maneliester and Kant Morley and Bradford Hank, now.
nnlldlt on ih** \edn*irlnt fl.lrt md r*-\ ..„„,_. ,-„;.,.. ,u.u ,A* u.^^,,., i        T»o» -Aemnntl of iho *<1r,k*r* x* in nr***rr* tb*» nrinriolt* of roll-^-
nt all fmm the profiteer ami the mveating employer."
In hvlund the eelebrnUoii of May 1 aa a general holiday was
almost eomplele. though the military in ninny place* prevented meet-
ings and proce«sions. Comment on this, however, was, iniid b»idM
that mi the aetion of J. U. Thomas, general secretary of the National
Union of Hailwaymen in emulating the Irish branches that they
must nol <«ease work without the sanetion of their executive.    ™-
Thi* Strike is not JUvolutlonary
l/Miily wpMt't* frottt llw "kept pruss" told im the sti'ikei's we«»
I would warn thein that if they are determined, as stated, to
*toii without authority from their executive, it may he that Ute Iriah
Railway r.xeentlw will follow a like eourse and refuse to put tato
operation the settlement agreed to with this union."
Vet this Mr. Thomas was a delegate to lh« *oealled Socialist
International Conf-renee at Heme. The same Mr. Thoma* whty
aome month* ago, told the Kngllah railwaymen that if they did ■"*
hogomlhe woidd retire and would not do au^ung mm
for them, lie ia now in this nmntfy <<'«n«da), we k-lieve. \\ hat .
the game?
tii*>» by tbeir pnc^itt »*»t#e*. TM
m^*»«.**r* ft ib** tty*t** %mtw tkat mt
n iwolwtfon rtmld nm**t tfc^m t»**«ii
|Mv*r. a»4 ptat.% '*■«>« wb*r* tMf b\0
in wttttO tor u lifter 9wtb •» ommt.
lot lliey will t*'W with an the ran*
etttt nttotebf lht-f pm**** »m| villi
t&«r.r uvuv-v ib..', ■' 'V. ba U'*'*»v .Ulvt.-t
reel* tn bring tm few «ntwH in th* bwp*
♦J»»l   'hov  on**   #>-»*.*»•*• »!V    »»>   nn-itn-f 9*-'tt
fdlonrtb* and pnyinwt- it»p -isi-fTi
ot ti* tefi»r»
Thene amalgamatbiit are hut foi««bad»wiit§» of atill okott\ live bargaining, Imt Senator Hohert*e.n ami other miniatera of eapital
union* Artimlly iher*» ar»* only lw« hig miereala in the hanking (tell un lhat when a union that ean ruin w formal it ia uneonatitu-
world nutaifle of iln* Hank of Kngland. Th««w *r* lAnytU and the bm* j thmal, hemtm it »»eet»w<** a aympalhetie strike. For that tmnit the
don lily mt*l Midland. Thene two ttmoerm ha*e nwefit Ihe re»t up O. II. IL i* an "anar«ht»t iwrtttutwn." From thi* deetak»n let it he
into their maw. Lloyda haw acquired a wmtrolHug inlerwd in the I known that the O. It. lT. mutt be the eomet methyl for labor.
Nahoual lUok of .s.oihn««l aiwl the Um*l*m and ttt ver VteU I tank J
la tompanr witli • tawalnw ot t»*
IHairlci    iNtllcy    conwUtiwi.    John
SOboono, of Coleman. Ike e*lter «af ti«
True, a mmhination of lal»r that ean beat capital and iU fov.iWwrltt Udter bni tbn »mtmtn   of
Men   Are Holding
A Popular Fireho*™
Improves Holiday By
Getting Wed
BiUTlrtar. Ble
ht t-^mnntTr V""rtiirm n froYtfh"itl tin# JtfwwIiJrV*•»* **** '■»''lw fttiVm
aaa mil fuleiuwiJH t«» ll»<l tlial two
mm ri     ri im   t t . i * „„ mfl mumUl tu Had -I3ui1. tW   W «MnUM «T Ow   oruH.   Uf. VMgo
erotHtm,,' ovetlhmw whieh would plaee tbo people abor* rwpwly.J^ Jf m ^^^ ,t ||w ^.l.,, , iftfcB-i tt ^  vMm m4
promptly «aM wot* M ewMpanf wltt
*r\'*Ur tlit- 1 .m-hiri- ("ity .in.) M'tWin-l -mntoil fV- 1*7«rf/-r }lin%' nnd th.'*
iUlt*%t li*nkm* < ot»t|witiy.
Aht**! th* *»»« i^lw-y t« m fall *«itif.   Lbjrda have ***<|Utf»d5 ami tm *Ie*tr«y the <N«a*t(itutiflWi «l e«|*dUH«n. ^ nwt y^f „„,„,
nmtmk nt b«t»k< ir* Howth Amori**, »n»l thmutgh their nitbutdiasrf       thu m*i#it ««pel the ohm mnt in power to ttm obty the iM^jivMi mm »»a«aff»tlM han*
IJhjrHh Ittrnk tVmm**) amd XattaMl l*iwthiH4ul Itank t Frame*) ai»!tfi«tltai aiwl the lav awd «nler «l tlw fohw mrt». tmw <W **4i<ftt«r «Ma«Mil -ho mmo rttmmm.    too
op-ninj n*»»« In Mjfnm, |«Mp of thc profofarfat" Iwttetd of thc caououu people aftcj'tug  fa j^'lg^,*> "^ *m "f**WW
tiotthf 'o Hunk, hy IMr aiiialfiUMitiew «Hfc tht louden i*mot». dietatimkiii ot mpiul {0>mti ft ^"^ iU llffto t(tatltott
rial have obtained an intetttt m t "t-,% nnd Vo. (Vrnne*), ond they have'       There i« no doubt 1he men who represent orgauixed labor itt do- l^mms?.
natnag* ot John Vlig» tttt Iboto wm
of tkt ttrlke far Vino tt tme ot • i*
pepnlnr bm* ef tha oomt nni behnn
r»e»wtly ieaa wedded to o mott «••
tiiuaMe roanf hot* tnm tfclgarr. <>•
pyt/fav nln/ht tb*r* 1* ttt b* n dnnt* fa
tb* ttnm taiiata nt MM
tion et work he will be tkt trtfcow
}».     f tt/***t\»HH9     .< ■'~r~*fyg?*-
PA£E FlVfi
(Contiiiue(J trom page one)
general public knew nothing of the transfer. ■
Laurier, ever faithful to his friends, Cox and Jaffray, and then
as now, 'a; traitor to the people who trusted him, declined to disallow
the British Columbia Government's notorious act!
He assumed, a: lofty attitude, spoke of the sacreciness of Provincial Bights—those rights that he afterwards outraged to the last
degree in his Autonomy Bills—and flatly declined to move a finger
to protect the people of Canada from the most daring and colossal
robbery that has ever been perpetrated. (Yet in the same session he
disallowed another Act of the British Columbia Legislature—in
which, however, his friends were not interested.)
The Government, being "properly" worked, the people being
held by the Government while Cox and Jaffray (masked) went
through their pockets, disallowance being refused, the conspirators
being safe, the highwaymen walked openly in the streets in the broad
sunlight once more.
Messrs. Cox, Jaffray, et. al., sold the railway charter, to the C. P.
ft. for $85,000, cash—and received, to make good weight, another
piece of property, which immediately passed into other hands.
Cox and Jaffray retained the most valuable coal lauds when they
disposed of the charter to the C. P. R. The railway company, hor-
ever, applied to the Dominion Government for a cash subsidy. (Remember, the charter when originally granted carried with it hundreds
of millions of dollars worth of coal lands, the most valuable of
which Cox and Jaffray retained when passing the charter on to other
hands.) A subsidy of $3,630,000 was granted—and the C. P. R., not
possessing the magnificent itiipudeucc of the Cox-Jaffray ring, gave
thc .Government 50,000 acres of land that had been transferred to it
when it bought the charter.
When the dust cleared away, the C. 1\ R. had the charter for the
Crow's Nest Pass Railway, $3,630,000 cash subsidy from thc
Dominion Government, and the enormously valuable lands that Cox
and Jaffray had transferred when the subsidy was granted.
The Dominion had 50,000 acres of coal lands that the C. P. R. had
transfered when the subsidy was granted.
Cox and Jaffray had*$85,000 cash, and coal lau(?s that they
themselves, in their company's first statement, claimed to be worth
The Laurier Government had, among other possessions, the
reputation "of being a set of traitors to* their country, the abettors
of grafters and members of an infamous conspiracy.
Hon. Clifford Sifton has th'e Free Press—formerly owned by the
■apr. ■■" \   „
. The Ottawa correspondent of the Free Press, iu a despatch to
that paper shortly after all the deals had gone through, claimed on
tho highest authority that the value of the 50,000 acres of coal lands
that the Government had received from the C. P. R. was more ...than
enough to pay off the entire national debt of Canada—at that date
About $300,000,000.
If this 50,000 acre block is worth $300,000,000, who can estimate
the value' of. the' whole 3,500,000 acres originally given with the
gha?ter4^fche-gt£tHlrat^Tr-W permit tne peoplelo"
recover, though it was denounced* by Liberal members as having been
obtained by fraud!
It is quite impossible for any man to make an estimate. We
ean, however,irom the reports of engineers, form some rough idea of
the value of that part of the grab that was retained by Cox and
A most competent engineer described these coal lands as
inexhaustible, containing at the lowest estimates hundreds of millions
of tons of coal—in other words, containing coal to the value of
billions of dollars; coal that will he dug from thoso beds as long a* Iho
human race exists on this continent; coal that is a necessity to the
people, a necessity to life; coal that is their heritage—one of llie most
valuable endowments of Providence.
And thin is what has heen stolen from the Canadian peopl?, with
the connivance of two "representative" Governments; this is tho
theft that dooms the people of.the West to buy from a -little ring of
grafters the fuel tliat is their oavu ; this is the deal that left the people
of Alberta and Saskatchewan staring into the fact of shivering'death
when this little ring played the autocratic tyrant with' its miners,
turned a deaf ear to appeals made in the name of humanity ami
refused to settle the strike that tied its' plunder'underground; this is
the deal that will leave the people at-the mercy of this little ring
until they arouse their sleeping manhood and take back by the surest
means the invaluable heritage that has been stolen from theni with
the criminal knowledge and consent of two corrupt Governments by
a brace of„psalmsinging grafters that should be made to decorate
a pillary.     *
This is the deal that stands as the most collossal and disgraceful
that has ever been engineered in Canada. This is the deal that a part
of the stakes in the game—the Free Press—ignores when it says:
"The Minister of the Interior, Mr. Oliver, had an easy task, of
course, in pointing out that it was the Conservative Government
which granted vast areas of public lands, including immense
deposits of coal, to railway companies!"
Heaven knows, the Conservative Governments were bad enough,
foolish enough, criminal enough—but no Government, Grit, Tory,
Republican, Democratic br Socialist, was ever for a moment in the
same class with a crew of pirates that bound the people of Canada
hand and foot, and robbed them of billions in the everlasting infamous Crow's Nest Pass steal.
AVe cannot, however, expect an honest confession from part of the
"consideration" in that notorious transaction.—Winnipeg Tribune.
Fight Against O. B. U.
Sweeping Amendments to the Criminal Code Proposed by Special
Committee—Revolutionary Bodies to be Declared Unlawful-
Members to be Liable to Imprisonment for not Less Than
One Year or More Than Twenty
Ottawa.—Some sweeping amendments to the criminal code are
raised by the special committee of the house of commons on seditious
propaganda. The committee proposes the insertion of a series of new
sections in the code.      ,
Associations purposing to bring about any governmental, industrial" or economic changes within Canada by the use of force are, it
is raised, to be declared unlawful.
Any property belonging to such an unlawful association may be
seized and forfeited to the■ crown. *
Any member of any such unlawful association is liable to imprisonment, for not less than one year and not more than twenty
"In any prosecution under tins section," reads the act which the
committee proposes shall be inserted in the criminal code, "if it be
proved that the person charged has: - -        ■;   •, .  ■-
"attended meetings of an unlawful association, or,,
spoken publicly in advocacy of an unlawful association,
(From The Critic, Vancouver)
Is it such a monstrous crime for workers to organize as One Big
Union? ■
Iu the eyes of Borden, Flavelle and Russell: it is.
In the eyes.of the C. P. R., tho Bank of Montreal and the Hudson's Bay Co.: it is. ■
In the eyes of provincial premiers: it is.
What is the proposed League of Nations but one big union ?
What is the league of railways on this continent, a league that
regulates freight and passenger traffic?
One big union.
What is our banking system ,controlled by a half-dozen men 7
One big union. ■
What is our own fishing combine? j
One big union.
What -are our law, medical and dental associations?
One big union.
Every combination of big interest for the. restriction qf trade or
for the purpose of making prices
Is one big union.
Our manufacturers' association is one big union.
The principle has already been adopted by the big interests.
Now they are confronted by a force of their own creation—One
Big Union of all who toil for a living. They object. They demand
that laws be passed preventing such combinations of-labor.
They had expected to affect a line of cleavage between labor and
returned men; but the' man who has been fighting can on longer be
fooled.   Ile has seen the '' eat."
Only those men who have been parading around in the King's
uniform for four years, either at home or in England, men who never
intended to get into the firing line, are to be found today with the
capitalist. They claini to be soldiers, but they were, and are, cowards.
The whole fight is.against the One Big Union idea. The inspired
press hastens to tell the people that it is an-organization of I. W. W.,   jpa0dne• p™££talJf m$^g*,^Sm
of Reds of Bolshevists
Whereas the men who by their votes in their different unions have
approved of the One Big Union, are not the radicaL*men who are in
tlie foreground of every movement to bring relief to the masses. John
Brown was a Bolshevist, yet his soul goes inarching on. Wendell
Phillips, the Abolitionist, was a radical according to the views of the
financial class and the churches of his day.
It is no crime to be an advanced thinker, to be blazing the trail
in the interest of humanity, whether the person be an I. W. W., a Socialist or a Bolshevist.
Every cause for the amelioration of the condition of mankind
has lrtid its men who liave sacrificed life aud everything dear to" them
for a principle. Jesus was sacrificed for the same reason, and by
the same class of oppressors that arc today endeavoring to hold the
people in subjection :
I^iteBiat4onal-Hiniens^lHri*e^tad^tlreir^ayss^he   worW
Pre-emption now contlned to surveyed
.arid* only
Rcufiiis will I* granted covering only
'ai.-U suitable for agricultural purpos-M
ird which in non-limber laud
I'lirtnersliip pie-i-in|iUons abolished.
uu! pariies of not more than four may
Arrange for -adjacent preemptions, wit*
joint rui'ideiit-ii, but e-.i-.-li making nece-j-
-iary iinjiruvcmeiils on respective claims.
i-'re-empior-, mi/st occupy claims for
live years ami make improvements lo
i-:i!uc of flu per ncre, iricludipg clea/lcj
and cultivation of at least 5. acres, before receiving .Crown* Oraut.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
■hss than 3 years, and hits made propor-
uo'-.aie improvements, he may, because
of ill-health or other cause, he granted
Intermediate;, certificate of improvement
arid transfer his claim.
Hee-mds without permanent residence
may he issued-provided applicant make*
improvements to extent of $300 per an-
aurn ami records same oach year. Failure to nyake Improvements or record
same will operate as forfeiture. Title,
onnnot he obtained on these claims tm
i.bpk than 5 years, with improvements of
iif, per acre, Including S acres cleared
and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years.
Pre-emptor holding Crown Orant roajr
record another pre-emption, if he requires land in conjunction with hU
farm, without actual occupation. provided statutory improvements made and
residence maintained on Crown granted
Ufisurveyed areas, not exceeding 10
acres, may be leased as homesltes;
title fj be obtained after fulfilling rest-
detul.il and  Improvement conditions.
Kor grazing and industrial purpose*.
areas exceeding 6<0 ncrr* may be leased
hy one person or company.
The scope of this Act Is enlarged te
IncUide all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The tlm*
within which the heirs or devisees of *
deceased pre-emptor may apply for
title under this Act is extended from
one yoar from the death of such person,
as formerly, until on* year after the
conclusion of the preaent war. This
privilege is also made retroactive.
IJ-ovision Is made for the grant to
persons holding uncompleted Agreements to Purchase from the Crown of
such proportion of the land, If divisible
as the payments already made win
cover in proportion to the sale price et
the wholo parcel. Two or more persons
holding such Agreements may group
their interests and apply for a proportionate allotment jointly. If It ls not
considered advisable to divide the len*
covered hy an application for a proportionate allotment, an allotment of Ian*
of equal value selected from avallabl*
Crown lands In   tho   locality mar bf
" ional
Crown or to any municipality. The
rights of persons to whom the purchaser from the Crown has agreed to
■ell are also protected. The decision of
the Minister of Lands In respect to ths
adjustment of a proportionate allotment
ls final. The time for making appllca-
tion for these allotments ts limited to
the lst day of May, 1919. Any application made after this date will not be
considered. These allotments apply to
town lots and lands of the Crown soil
»t public auction.
For Information apply to any Previa*
j|i\l Government Agent or to
Deputy Minister of Lands.
VlctoruTs. a
-'(c) distributed literature of an unlawful association by circulation through the post offices or mails of Canada or otherwise.
"It shall be presumed in the absence of proof to thc contrary
that he is a member of such an unlawful association."
The owner or lessee of a building who knowingly permits the
meeting in it of an unlawful association, or committee thereof, shall
be liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for
not more than five years, or to both fino and imprisonment.
Penalties of prison for not less than one year aud not more than
20 years are also provided in the caso o2 endeavors to circulate or to
import literature through the post office as a means of accomplishing
any governmental, industrial or economic change.
move." The unions of yesterday did their work, and are now having,*
to pass into oblivion.
You can no more stem the tide of evolution than you can the tide
of the sea.
The defeat of Germany and Austria did not end as the governments expected, The nnm who accomplished this defeat were from
the masses; they are now returned to fight corruption at home, to
fight for a decent living, to fight for shorter hours of labor ami-more
hours of pleasure; to fight for their children, that they may not
have to boar the burdens of their fathers before thein; to fight'against
child labor; to fight for a better education; to fight against a system
that allows men and women who have spent many years in toil, going to tho poorhouse or living on charity; to fight against military
rule and profiteers; to fight for honest elections.
These are the things that count—nothing else does!
No'letUu'-i-ilimild Ik*, mailed without
iho return lulriitws to tht* wilder and
one dollnr wo will print .your addr-nsx
on one lumdi'c-il go-rxl cnvi'lojH'w uud
soiiil tliem t<> you [Mist paid.
Cash With The Order
eij« flietrut £cb$et
The District Ledger is compiling a list of names of those who are acting as
strikebreakers in the present crisis. We already have the n^mes of a fewat Lethbridge,
Coleman, Corbin, Lovett and Coal Creek.
Anyone Sending information should give full name of the scab, his age,
nationality and as much of his record as possible. If a photograph can be obtained
be sure to send it.
There are some restrictions against publishing the names of these men but
there is no law against keeping a record which will be of value later on and will not be
forgotten. -q»ty..r&- ■*%)&?
What Led Up To Organization of
One Big Union In Canada
Writer In A New York Publication Gives An Interesting
Historical Resume of Events Leading Up To
Western  Interprovincial  Con-
vention At Calgary
by the day
Wm. Robsoft
(By Gordon Grey in the "Nation"),
The aim of progressive labor men and women in Canada who are
voting for organization along industrial union lines and complet0
separation from the American Federation of Labor is "One Big
IJnion." This radical action was not taken hastily. It is the outcome of years of dissatisfaction with the policies of those controlling
the .American Federation of Labor and its affiliated organizations.
The war has brought discontent to a head. The labor movement of
Canada'tha-s certain charaetericties peculiar to itself, but is no more
distinctive than the industrial development which it reflects. Canada
is a nation within the British Empire; but industrially its progress
is more like that of the United States. Its commercial organizations,
its religious associations, and its newspapers follow those of its big
neighbor. This imitation of the methods of the United States continues despite activities of an aggressive Canadian and British-born
element which favors British customs.
No one, however, should misunderstand the labor movement in
Canada. It is far from nationalistic. In sections where feeling is
most bitter against the American Federation of Labor it is intensely
international. Less than ten years ago national unionism did exist
in Canada, and it had a hold among Quebec's French-Canadians:
more than one prelate addressed the faithful, giving warning against
the" pitfalls of international unionism. Employers encouraged this
nationalistic labor viewpoint and with their newspapers frequently
condemned "foreign labor agitators" who came to Canada from the
United States to offer advice during labor troubles.
Most employers and newspapers have changed their views of
labor unionism and now favor affiliation of employees with the
American Federation of Labor. They recognize the ever-widening
gulf between that organization and the labor movement of other continents. The more employers and politicians show their friendship
for President Gompers and the Federation, the more do labor men
condemn both. Resentment against the policies of the official family
of the Federation is most noticeable in Canada's Pacific Coast prov-
incfe, and, to a lesser extent in her prairie provinces. Class lines are
more cleanly drawn in British Columbia, the last stopping-off place
for native-born and British-born Canadians.    These residents    of
Teacher of
Piano and Organ
Theory, Harmony, Counterpoint,
Transposition, Composition,
Workers 11 Unite
Canada's Far West have an especial familiarity with the progress of
events in Australia and New Zealand because Vancouver is the most
important point of communication on this continent for Canada's two
sister nations.
Certain men, recognizing the failure of advanced social reforms in Australia and New Zealand, began years ago to spread
clear-cut Marxian socialist doctrines in British Columbia. They
have had a lasting effect on the situation. Formidable strikes of pow*
crful western unions, independent of the American Federation of
Labor, and the extensive development at one time of tho industrial
workers of thc world in the Pacific Coast province, also sowed seed
now ripening in the "One Big IJnion."
Labor in Eastern ('anada, however, is not so radical. The
nearer a Canadian city is to Washington, 1). ('., and Indianapolis, the
two principal seats of politics within the American Federation of
Labor, the more conservative its labor unions are likely to became.
The residence in Ontario and Montreal of Canada's members of executive boards uiftl organizers of craft unions also contributes to tho
"saner" labor viewpoint. This difference between eastern and
western thought has been noticeable at annual conventions of the
Dominion Trades and Labor (,'ongreiw, a legislative body of At:ierieai>
Federation of Labor unions iu (.'anada within the scope of Federation
matters. Tlio Congress, however, is more radical than the American
Federation because a reform Socialist and Itiihav |wrty element iornn
a "centre" or middle-of-the-road group which crosses swords with
the (Jumpers or ultra-conservative labor faction.
The deelanttion of war opened nn era in Canadian circles. Canada entered the struggle at its start; the United States did not. Kf*
forts of Kraft-union otlieinls to keep the United States out of the war
naturally made it impossible for officers in Canada to consult them
on problems growing out id' tho struggle. Small strikes and even
general strikts were numerous. The more tiny saw the power of the
gttar.il ia up '.i.t ji.mt- did C.io.idaV uimoo men and women resort to
it- and thin in detiaiue of union ofllt ial« who threatened Mympatlieiie
ty. Even the Toronto industrial Banner, a labor paper favorable to
President Gompers, craft-unionism, and minor reforms, and opposed
to industrial unionism and other radical doctrines, attacked the Federation president, while western labor papers printed bitter denunciations of him. Feeling mounted against the politicians at Ottawa.
Labor grew less conciliatory; general strikes on a scale unprecedented in North America became frequent and shook Canada to the very
foundations. Government employees—the postal workers—went on
stride from Montreal to the Pacific Coast, and in several large cities
completely demoralizing the postal service.
This hostility towards the Government showed itself at the annual convention of the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress held in
Quebec in September. "Western delegates, who were not numerous because of the distance, clashed with pro-Government delegates, but
their radical proposals were defeated. They decided, therefore, to
hold a conference of western labor delegates in Hamilton, a city of
Ontario chosen for the next convention, just prir to the Dominion
meeting of the Congress next year. Gvernmental pressure and the
signing of the armistice, however, led to a change in this plan. Hardly
had the western delegates returned home before a series of extraordinary orders-in-council curtailing freedom of speech and press began to issue from the Government. Within three weeks more prohibitory orders were issued affecting labor than during the four
years of war, and not evfen the cessation of fighting on the western
front put a stop to the development. Socialist organizations were
proclaimed illegal, socialist papers suppressed, and the importation
of socialist literature if published by Charles H. Kerr & Co., of Chicago, was prohibited. Possession of Plato's Republic, if in the Kerr
edition, was considered an offence punishable by five years' imprisonment or a $5,000 fine or both.
Labor in Canada met this challenge. It backed the Socialist
party, an illegal organization, when it held a mass meeting in Vancouver, at which the chairriian announced that he would sell Kerr's
publications. Two orders-in-council were thereby broken at one time
Labor unions, in defiance of their internationals, called general strikes
to bring about the release of political prisoners. 0The Winnipeg
Kootenay Granite and Monumental Co.,
P. 0. Box 865 Nelson, B. C.
The only Monumental Works In  the
Men should stay away from
Brule owing to lack of sleeping
accommodation, hotel and' bunk
houses being over-crowded. Notice will be given when things get
A. McFegan,
Secretary Local Union No. 1064
JOIN THE     ■
Loggers of the Interior Country Take Notice
The Loggers of the Coast Districts have formed an organization known as the B. C. Loggers' Union, industrial in its
scope, comprising all workers in the lumber industry, and construction camps, affiliated with the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council and the B. C. Federation of Labor.
We invite all Loggers in the interior to join hands with us
in a united effort to better our conditions* which can only be0
done in this manner. '
Organizers are now on the road and will pay you a visit
in the near future. ■ >'
So get ready!
For further information communicate with E. Winch, secretary-treasurer, 61 Cordova St. W.
Piano Tuning—If your piano needs
tuning send a note to Box 498, Fernie
and I will call and do the work for
you at a reasonable cost.—~L. O.
Solicitor for District 18, U. M.
W. of A.
MacDonald Block.
Lethbridge, Alta.
$2.60 per month provides you agaiW any accident and
every sickness, and pays $40.00 a month from the day you are
laid up. '*...'
Particulars from
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. Fernie, B. C.
Claims promptly adjusted from this office
page that it would refuse to obey certain orders of Canada's chief
censor. It was the realization that there is power in might and
that organization is the most efficient wayto use that power ieffec-
tively that brought about the organization of "One Big Union."
Labor saw the need for quick action. Unions of the prvince of Ontario from the head of the Great Lakes west, and of the provinces of
Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, decided to
holr an inter-provincial conference as soon as possible instead of
waiting until September, and Calgary, Alberta, was selected as the
convention eity. The British Columbia Federation of Labor also determined to hold its enventin in the same city—althugh it was outside its own province-—just before thc larger gathering.
Australian labor's adoption of the "One Big Union" followed
governmental oppressionf the spread of I. W. W. propaganda in Canada despite orders-in-council making it a criminal offence to advocate its principles or to circulate its literature; and the undisguised
satisfaction with which various American Federation of Labor offi.
eiala seemed to welcome the imprisonment of thc advocates of the
"One Big Union" in tho United States, doubtless had something to
do with the British Columbia convention's vote in fny>r of "One Big
Union" and of secession from the American Federation of Labor, but
sheer oppression did most. Tho inter-provincial conference also voted
in favor of "One Big Union." It endorsed the Soviet form of admin-
miration, condemned reform by legislation and the petitioning by
labor delegations of politicians in legislative halls, demanded freedom
of speech and press, und sent grctings to the Kussian Bolsheviki and
to thc German Spartacana. This decision in favor of "One Big
Union" of nil workera, it is believed by labor men, led to the Government's announcement of a commission to study the feasibility of
a joint control of industry by capital and labor.
Will meet regularly
•very Tuesday evening at S o'clock.
Visiting members
cordially welcome.
W. Pennington, Alfred Baker,
C. C. K. R. S.
Dr. W. H. Pickering
Bank of Hamilton Bldg.. Opposite
Suddaby's Drug Store
Phone 188
Don't both«r with coal fleet •• thi daya
grow warmir
No. 1. Tamarack $3.00 ptr rlek
Alto big ttoek of good ivmmir wood
Phone No, 19 FernU
Reliable Used Autos
I have several for sale, including Chevrolet, Dodge, McLaughlin,
before buying elsewhere
Special Bargain in a Ford Five Passenger $250.00
Special Bargain in a Gray Dort  .$825.00
Bc sure and look this up.        Correspondence invited
Phones 770—469 S. O. E. Building, Tenth Street
Wanted Tenders
For the whole of the lumber, ete., contained in the buildings of Queens Hotel, Hosmer, B. C,
The buildings are large and contain a great quantity of
tlrst-class material.
Tenders must be received by Jimo the 15th.
Htnker* with expulsion. I        While Kurope Is clamoring for food, aeventy thouuand tons of
Two and a half years paiwuil. and the r.iited States entered the) (<a,ia(ijH„ fjour ftPl» Ueing stored in warehoiwea waiting for shipping
war.   With it- .ntiiiu-.- mnu President (Jumpers' reversal of e*lab- nr,jtm,,     |t iH probable that Canada'a wheat surplus may bo   pur-
liahrd labor policies, hia "peace" with open-nhop employer*, and tliej t,\mmi hy Britain and 0>« Allies, but it in reported that no flour will
aeeeptanee by him and by other labor spokesmen or poxition* on var- |,e s|,jri,„,(j.     Why thia diaerimlnation ggaintt Canadian flour!     Is
bun political eommiiwioit* and board*.   Caifiidian worker* who paid; ,|IWV no .^^ j„ the jirltMi hie* for nny Canadian mamifaettired
dues into international lii<Mih|U.iMwii -many of them    father** mnl pm.j,,,.^?     At the present moment Hour which eannot bo exported
brother*! of rn.-ri win. had di.nl in battle two or more year* before— j i!t \w-m HMreliou*ied at Montreal, in addit ion to Ihe big Miirplua in other
fell t!;< ({nj*tipi-i> xxnr jijiij{»viiiiiiie i.i be <i defeatint labor poliey, and.! warehouses.
*till defiant, eoiitiuiicd to strike. j
When tile I oiled Milieu adopted eotii-e-rtptloii <'miada'a (Joveril- * ""*"""
ment pMmiM'd i,i!mr s! u.*uld not take Mii.H.u iiition.   lu i)e<« lidier.
IIM7. however, the llontiuioii tjnveromeiit held a ffeiierttl elertion on
thi' .-mnieHpfiiii! -sMie nnd wnn hy the aid of a "doctored" fraiie|ii*e
.•nul Mib'inii proiiii*.!"* »i, fjin.j.TM llii*t IImii' viim* would tmt !)<• tak-eu. A ,
few iiionlli* l«t*r' if tt*»p9Ht to drefi frmio-T**-*' uotot       THt* ***'t,l,*     it*,*-
fanner* join with t!o< m<mi>« Inlin* nfit h, ,\o*\*\**,-'t*i*'",x*    ot tin. tl,,*■■'•
eminent.     Tlie litter* «f Mie -.<■'! -c.it 'u OH.*i\*>-m the h-ij'gr.xt deletf.*!-'
tion i'i Vmtntln.'**. h,*ntnry *»••» protect,. hnl tlwungh -pmKtl&irftlly   ml!   th-t-'
Tony Der ico
Communicate At Once With
809 McLeod Building, Edmonton, Alta.
Sir Jamea Wilson Oirea Optimise Outlook ia InWrrttw with
Juii»ive fctateitiftit regarding 1% international wheat position, Hit
.Uno), Wilton, iu mi Interview with U-mumliairi, declared tliat by Oe-;
del«'sr«t«N» were voter*, tin Home of Commons refuted to reeeivo   a tobcr 1, 1910, according to hhi eatimntea, Britain will havfl reaped a'
(lopNlatioit «f two tnrnt-r* >*r to -mtmt tlvot    *■■* wti\t,.   it-..iivi.'1'.^v    •    * ttymonun ,k,>uu; k<k wt .,Jk,J(1„*,w,,: „;;^ ^w-**, *,**.* non   «**
Mpenlten on the U'mih* of the legislative ehamlwr, A few w-H-k* l»t»*r; 7,,*>O*0,0()0 quarter*. And. although the toUl yield of wheat in Kranee,
President <in!iij»pr* arrived in Ottawa, and Canada'» wnator* aetual- * (Jermany and Auitria-llnngnry will be mneh below their pre-war aver-
ly went in a l*»dy to thf lloirne of Commonn in onl«»r to attend n nge, all importing countries in the world whieh on the pre-war aver
joint aeaaioti addrewd by him. Infltiwttial daily new^nap^ra whieh s nft* imported 77,000,000 quartern are not likely lo import in th© year
denounced Canadian lalwir mm fpalureil hi* addnnn under tureaiii- ertdinr July 1.1M0. aamneh asfW.OOOOOOqnartem
tag headline*, while the liitiaiiiion Depart ment of Ubor priniml Hir Jamea Wilaon data not thare the vieir ot Mr. Iloover, who
b«t*ffdf^d<r r,f ihnmartth nt i-npiee of jf nrtd '?}<rfrt'iuf'id th- rn without stiifal that wheat iu the Fuiwd fttalea mny »«4l at WM next aatnon.
ehirge in every motion oi the i-oimtiy. The ag«l ehief of the Fed- Ry Oetobtr 1, he my*, th« United State*, Canada, tnd Argent inn wiH
emtioa •!»• ij•"*-.- \wttm ih* Oftiawt TrtdiN and Lal»or AMtenbly. de- find themwket in pmmmkm ot an exportable aurplua amoonting to
iwnw'ltit ,ml*\wtv\*ttt [Kilitii-nl setron. . 113.000.000 quartern.    In additwvo to this tfctfw b tha proeptet ot an
No ont errnt dfid morv U* «mii«e I'unada'* weirkert afaintt their! addi^onal 37,000,-OtMI qoarler* Iron Argentina, AnHralia, India, Rni-
fPir*rnmt»tt.   ^o«t of wftove fonvf ones h;nf <tk'.l fn Hatufcri Mdo. m*t, »L* uvxl Httuuiaivia,    CoUk^-UtJon Utweeii «aiMtttui« eountriM to f«i
The position or Doctor In Michel,
n.C. ta open tor Taadtra. Doctors ap.
plylm win ttata the amount per man
ptr month. Tlie mlnei employ hiO
men, with abmtf 60 othtra who will
*l«n up IVy-lor tn tuminh HoipMal
anil turnip anm*. alto roaMeare a«J.'
Jolnlin. Ktery r«qalatt« to tie far.
nlabe-d by ilia doctor. Teadera to tw
tn to Secretary ll. fteaNl, MIcM, nnt
later th|R May 21th, *«1». Contraet
caa be aceored for two no ibrwi y«ar«.
I^imlltea of «nmotov*»*« in one*** nod**
} eotitrsct.
• ' ri vSb
foil Aftnt far the Pun for
Lethbridge Brewery Products]
Hont Wholeaalf Prieeu to thd Trade
Top-Notch IVieea Paid for Hot tie*
Pftciflc Ry*
& RETURN $1.15
-~40.«t» I Iff   f^r AlbeHfl^Mel
-.J-rt.,*.,, ^,-LJ-.JL*i^JL^ JLj-J,-..*...
U Ton Waal tbt BIST fat Umh Phono or Oall on
Tbo Mttl Mu
a UMI when Prraident Gompoift denounced tbo   war, refuted   bb
lecture* on how they ahould eonduct them«elve» to prove their loyal-
rid of tlieir exportable mrplnaea b likely to bo rery lr«on, Ulr -lumm
Om tale ovary bobortoy oot tntntay
(May H in Upttmbnr tt imbmhrn)
Oooi to ratoro oat lataf tMao MooOay
ntitftct Pa«aa«f«r kgnoX, Catgaty
iooo «to itty tt -
Deafer tn
Pr«h ud Onwd Mitts, fttk,  Mtry, lottor,  Ifft, He
Delivery Prompt                           **rie*« H«me to All
Phono 103                         Corner of 7th Art. and Vletoria Hi
IwnMIV) JUMttA  	
Subscribe to The Distriot Lidgw Ci
j Copyright by ~^i
i     Frank A. Munsey   Co.
Meriem, bound and under heavy
Guard tn Kovudoo's own but, had no
doubt but tlmt Korak would come
back and still less tbat be would easily
free ber.
So now ns she lay waiting for him
she dreamed of lilm and of all tliat be
meant to her. Sho compared him with
the sheik, ber father, and at the
thought of the stern, grizzled old Arab
she shuddered. Even the savage blacks
had been less harsh to ber than be.
Not understanding tbeir tongue, sho
•could not guess what purpose they had
in keeping ber a prisoner. She knew
that man 'ate man. and she bad expected to be eaten, tint she had, been
with them for souk- time now. and no
harm had befaHflu ber. "
She did not know that a runner had
been dispatched to the distant village
of the sheik to baiter with bim for a
ransom. She did nnv know, nor did
Kovudoo, that the ruuner uaO never
reached Wa destination; that ^lie had
fallen in 'with the safari of Jenssen
and Malblhn and with the talkative-
Bess of a nattve to other natives had
imfeMed his whole mission to the
Waofe gamuts of the two Swedes.
Vheoe hed not been" long in retailing
tlie matter to their masters, and the
ramtt was that when the runner loft
tlieir eaoap te continue his journey lie
bad ntumn passed from sight before
ttete tame the report of a ritle, and
be rotted lifeless into thc underbrush
wttfe a bOOet hole in his back.
A ttvt moments later Malblhn stroll-
*ot' btttk Otto the encampment, where
be wool to some pains to let it be
Imowa tbat be bad had a shot at a
ttae Imck and missed. The Swedes
(new lhat their men hated them and
tbat aa overt act against Kovudoo
would tjaickly be carried to the chief
at, tbe. Irst opportunity. Nor were they
sufficiently strong in either guns or loy-
al followers to risk antagonizing tbe
w% el* chief,
Tbe next day the Swedes aet out for
Kovudoo's village, bent on securing
pesseesieu of the person of tbe white
tbem lay captive In tbe chiefs village.
How ithey were to accomplish their
end! they did not know. Force was
oot af tbe question, though they would
aat havo hesitated to use tt bad they
possessed it
la former years they bad marched
rongbsbod over enormoue areas, tak*
log toll by brute force even wben kindliness or diplomacy would have accom.
pUshed more. But now they were la
bad straits-so bad tbat tbey had not
shown tbelr true colors scarce twice lo
a year, and then only wben tbey came
apon an Isolated weak village.
Kovudoo waa not of these, and,
though bis village was to a way remote from tbe more populous district
to tha north, bis power was such that
he maintained an acknowledged tag*
wlnty over the thin thread of villages
which connected blm with tbe aavage
lords to tbe north.
To hare autaguulsed blm would have
spelled rain for tbe Swedea. It woald
hart meant tbat they might never
reach dvllliutlon by tbe northern
mate. To the west tbe village of tbe
ebelk lay directly In their path, barring
tbem effectually. To tbe oaat tbe trail
was unkuowu to tbem. and to tba aootb
there aaa uo trail.
When Thleveo Pall Out.
SO tha two Swedes approached the
village of Kovudoo witb friendly
warda apon their toogoae and
deep craft lo tbelr boorta.
Their plans were wall amd*. Thare
waa oo meotioo of the white prisooer.
Thty ebose to pretend tbat tbat wars
ott aware tbat Kevodoo bad a white
pits** or. Tbey eichangeri gifts with
tba old cbtef, haggling witb bb plenl-
pataatJart**' ovor tbo vain* of wbat
tboy wen to rectfvo tor wbat tboy
gave, as I* eostomaryaadproparwb.se
om iH ao vlteHor motive* Unwarranted generoatty weald loro aieastd
nas in a sly wink. Togetner tney toi-
lowed Kovudoo toward bis hut In
the dim interior they discerned the
figure of a woman lying bound upon a
sleeping mat
Malbihu took a single glance and
turned away. "She must be a thousand years old, Kovudoo," he said as
be left the but
"She ts young!" cried tbe savage,
"It ts dark in here. lou cannot see.
Wait I will bave her brought out in
tbe sunlight" And he commanded tbe
two warriors who watched the girl to
cut the bonds from ber ankles and lead
her forth for inspection.
Maibihn and Jenssen evinced no
eagerness, though both were fairly
bursting with It, not to see tbe girl,
but to obtain possession of ber. They
cared not if she bad the face of a marmoset or the (iguro of pot bellied Kovudoo himself. Ail tbat they wished
to know was tbat she was the girl wbo
had been stolen from the sheik several
years before. Thej thought that they
would recognize her for such if she
were Indeed the same, But even so,
the testimony of the runner Kovudoo
bad sent to the sheik was such as to
assure them that the girl was the on*
tbey bad once before attempted to abduct 1
As Meriem was brought forth from
:he darkness of the hut's interior the
:wo meu turned, with every appear-
knee of disinterestedness, to glance at
ber. It was with difllculty that Mai-
>lhn suppressed an ejaculation ot as-
lonlsbineut The girl's beauty fairly
took bis breath from him. But in-
itantly■*, he recovered hts poise and
lurned to Kovudoo.
"Welir he said to the old chief.
"Is she not both young and good
©okine?" asked Kovudoot
"She is not old." replied Maibihn.
"But, even so, she will be a burden.
We did not come from tbe north after
wives. Tbere are more than enough
there for us."
Meriem stood looking straight at tbe
white men.  She expected nothing from
returning ror tier
What delayed bim, though?
When morning came again and the
night bad brought no succoring Korak
Merieni's fjnitb and loyalty were still
unshaken, though misgivings began to
assail her as to the safety of her
friend. It seemed unbelievable that
serious mishap could have overtaken
ber wonderful Korak, who daily passed unscathed through ail the terrors of
the jungle. Yet morning came, the
morning meal was eaten, the camp
broken, and the disreputable safari of
the Swedes was- again on the move
northward with still no sign of the
rescue by Korak the girl momentarily
Ail that day they marched and the
next and the nest Nor did Korak
even so much as show himself to the
patient little waiter moving, silent and
stately, beside ber bard captors.
It was on the fourth day that Meriem began deanitely to give up hope.
Something bad happened to Korak.
She knew it He would never come
now, and these men would take her
away. Presently tliey would kill her.
She would never see her Korak again.
On this day the Swedes rested, for
they had marched rapidly and their
men were tired. Maibihn and Jenssen
had gone from camp to bunt, taking
different directions.
They had been gono~about an hour
when the door of Meriem's tent was
lifted and Malblhn entered. Bis look
portended no good to the girt
Out in the Jungle .lensscn bad brought
down two bucks. His hunting had not
carried bim far atield, nor was he
prone to permit it to do so. He was
suspicious of Maibihn. The very fact
that his companion had refused to
accompany him and elected instead
to hunt alone in another direction
would not, under ordinary circumstances, have seemed fraught with sinister suggestion, but Jenssen knew
Maibihn well, and so. having secured
meat, he turned immediately back toward camp, while his boys brought in
his kill
He had covered about half the return journey when a scream came
faintly to his ears from the direction
of camp. He halted to listen. It was
repeated twice.   Then silence.
With a muttered curse Jenssen brpke
Into a rapid run. What a fool Malblhn was, Indeed, thus to chance
jeopardizing a fortune!
Further away from camp than Jenssen and upon tlie opposite side an*
otber heard Meriem's screams—a stranger who was not even aware of the
proximity of white men other than
himself, a hunter witb a handful of
sleek, black warriors.
He, too, listened intently ior a moment That tbe voice was that of a
woman in distress he could not doubt,
and so he also hastened at a run in the
direction of the affrighted voice, but
be was much farther away tban Jenssen, so that the latter reached tbe tent
tSrefe —-—'-9-7. 7 -.-'■ -,.—^-~-:—-
but this one is the worse, li my B.oraK
were here he would kill him. I suppose you are like them, so you will not
kill him."
The stranger smiled. "He deserves
killing," he said; "There is no doubt
of that Once I should have killed him,
bu| n°t now. I will see, though, that
he does not bother you any more."
He was holding Maibihn in a grasp
the giant Swede could not break,
though he struggled to do so, and be
was holdjjig him as easily as Maibihn
might have held a little child, yet Maibihn was a huge man, mightily thewed.
The Swede began to rage and curse.
He struck at his captor, only to be
twisted about and held at arms' length.
Then be shouted to his boys to come
apd kill the stranger.
In response a dozen strange blacks
enteral the .tienK They, too. were powerful, clean limbed men, not at till like
the mangy crew thot followed* the
"We have had enough foolishness."
said the stranger to Maibihn "You deserve death, but I am uot tbe law. 1
know now wbo you are. I have heard
of you before] Yoa uud your friend
bear a most unsavory reputation. We
do not want you iu our country. 1
shall let you go this time, but should
you ever return I shall take the law
into my own hands. Now. get out, and
next time you see me remember who 1
am," and be spoke a uaine in the
Swede's ear—a name that more effectually subdued the scoundrel than many
beatings. Then be gave him a push
that carried him bodily through the
tent doorway, to. sprawl upon the turf
"Now," he said, turning toward Meriem, "who has the key to this thing
about your neck?"
The girl pointed to Jenssen's body.
"He carried it always," she said.
The stranger searched the clothing
on the corpse until be came upon the
key. A moment more Meriem was
"Will you let me go back to my Korak?" she asked.
"I will see thut you are returned to
your people." the stranger replied.
"Wbo are they, and where is their villager
Oo hnd been eyeing ber strange, barbaric garmenture wondjrringly. From
her speech she was evidently un Arab
girl, but he hud uever before seen oue
thus dollied.
"Wbo tire your people? Who Is Ko
rnk?" he usked again.
"Korak! Why. Korak Is an ape. 1
have no oilier people. Korak aud I
live In the jungle alone since Aht went
to be king of the,apes." She had always thus pronounced Akut's name,
for so It had sounded to her when first
she came with Korak aud the ape.
A questioning expression entered tbe
ct ranger's eyes, He looked at the girl
"So Korak la an ane?" he.saliL-^mL^,
.-li.-i.-i'  uow, stood at  liis side, Ceeka
•liwlied in one slim, brown^laud.
They talked together, tlie man wondering at the faltering Arabic of the
Bid, but attributing it finally to her
defective, mentality. Could be t'sre
known that years had elapsed since she
had used it until she was taken by the
Swedes, he would uot have wondered
that she had half forgotten it.
There was yet another reason why
the language of ■ the ■ sheik ■ had thus
readily eluded ber, but of that reason
she herself could uot have guessed the
truth,auy better than could the man.
He tried to persuade ber to return
with him to bis "village." as he called
it, or "douar" in Arabic, but she was
insistent upon searching immediately
for Korak. As a last resort be determined to take her with him by force/
rather than sacrifice ber life to the insane hallucination wliich haunted her.
But, being a wise man, he determined
to humor her lirst aud theu attempt to
lead her as he would have her go.
So when they took up their march
It wa? in the direction of the south,
though his own ranch lay almost due
By degrees lie turned the direction
of their way more and more eastward,
and greatly was he pleased to note that
the girl failed to discover that any
change was being made.
Little by tittle she became more
trusting. At first she bud had but her
intuition to guide her belief that this
hig Tarmangani meant ber no harm,
but as tbe days passed and she saw
that his kindness and consideration
never faltered she came to compare
him with ber Korak and to be very
fond of him, but never did ber loyalty
to her ape man flag.
On tbe fifth day thoy came suddenly
upon a great plain, and from the edge
of tho forest the girl saw in the distance fenced fields and many buildings.
At the sight she drew back in astonish,
"Whero are we?" she asked, pointing.
"We Could not find Korak," replied
the man, "and as our way led near my
douar 1 have brought you here to wait
and rest with my wife until my men
can And your ape or he finds you. It
Is better thus, little one. You will be
safer with us and you will be happier."
Meriem laughed. '-The Jungle." she
said, "is my father aud my mother. I
do not fear tbe Jungle. I love it. I
should rather die than leave lt forever.
But your douar is close beside the
jungle., You have been good to me. I
will do as you wish and remain here
for awhile to wait the coming of my
"Good!" said the man, and be led
the way down toward the flower covered bungalow behind wblch lay the
barns and outhouses of a well ordered
African farm.
Meriem walked on toward the bungalow, upon the porch of which a woman, dressed Ln white, wared a wel-
eome toherreturninglord.—There-was
tbrougn   tne   teary   orancues   ui   uw~
Korak was in the lead. Close beside
tbe village they halted uutil the stragglers had closed up, Now utter silence
T|ie king of the baboons was anxious
to revenge himself dpon^Kovudoo, and
so the band wus quickly organized.
' Korak, creeping stealthily, entered
the tree that overhung the palisade.
He glanced behind him. The pack
was close upon bis heels. The time
had come. He bad warned them continuously during the long march that
no harm must befall the white woman
ape who lay a prisoner within the village. AU others were their legitimate
Then, raising his face toward the
sky, he gave voice to a single cry. It
was the signal.
in response 3,000 hairy bulls leaped,
scrcuming and barking, into the village
of the terrified blacks. Warriors poured from every hut. Mothers gathered
their babies in their arms and fled toward the gates as they saw the horrid
horde pouring into the village street
Kovudoo marshaled hia fighting men
about lilm und, leaping and. yelling to
arouse their courage, offered a bristling, spear tipped front to the charging horde.
Korak, as be bad led the march, led
the charge. The blacks were struck
with horror and dismay at tbe sight of
this white skinned youth at the bead
of a pack of hideous baboons. CHAPTER XI.
For   an    Instant   tbey   held   their j ■ , , .     „   . „ .   ' .  „
....      .1, . I A Lion ana a Lamb.
ground, hurling their spears ouce at i 	
the advancing multitude.    But before 7 ^pO Meriem. in Her new home, tbn
they could  fit arrows to their bows1   1  • ^J'a passed.quickly.   A_t firstrtio
tbey wavered, gave und turned lu terrified rout.    Into  their  ranks,   upou
their backs, sinking strong fangs into
He Wound His Trunk About tha Ape
Man's Body.
ubout tbe tender eats of bis colossal
chum with a leafy brauch tern by
Tan tor from a uear by tree.
And all the while Meriem was scarce
a hundred miles away!
the muscles of tbeir necks, sprang the
baboons,' and first among them, most
ferocious, most bloodthirsty, most terrible, wns Korak, tbo Killer. .
At tho village gates, through which
the blacks poured in panic, Korak left
them to tbe tender mercies of bis allies and turned himself eagerly toward
the but in which Meriem had been a
It wns empty.    One after another
was all anxiety to be off tato the
jungle searching for her Korak.
Bwana, as she Insisted upon calling ber benefactor, dissuaded her from
Slaking the attempt ut once by dispatching a head man with a party of
blacks to Kovudoo's village, witb instructions to learn from the old savage how he came into possession of
the white girl and as much et her
antecedents as might be culled from
the black chieftain. Bwana particularly charged his bead man with the duty
ef questioning Kovudoo relative to tbe
the fllthy interiors revealed the same   sjran?e cUf ttC.ter wl\T tL,e «" c",,ed
la tho oat bath young and •ood
.leg!" asked Kovudoo.
Durteg IM palaver wbleb followod
tboy retailed tbt goeslp of ibo Tillages
thrwgb wbleb tboy tad paaaed, ttetlf •
tag fo anbanga sucb oews aa lerodao
pi—wtrt. Tbo palaver wu loot aod
tiresome, at tbeso native coraioaat** always art to RoropMua Kovudoo mad*
no weotloa of bis prtaooer. aad trom
bit gewroos offers of golds* aad protects oremed aasiooe to aosoto Miaaoir
of too speedy departure of bio guests.
It wm Malblhn wbo, «oit* casoatly.
■ear lba titm et thHr talk. mentioned
tbo left tlmt t-ho abet* war dmd. Kor*
odea evinced briefest aod eorrotot*,
-too *m oot know ttr oabad Mai*
Mbat "Tbat lo ntranr* ft we* dnrtn*
tbo loot mono. Ho felt fleas ble bona
***** ni** ut,***. »u-*»ikwu im a tm*. ion
buret Ml *ut***u him. When Un nam
eaten op tbo sfaelb wm oolto ■tnoA."
Kevodee scratched Ua bead, lie wos
meoh disappointed. Ke abaft sweat ao
mnwtm trir tli* while »1H
-I knew where there U a while girl,"
he «*M oots|*rt*itijr. "If ftm with to
ims lm the may bo bad cheapi,"
MslMha nbraggi-d. "Wowiro trooWo
enaagb, Korvden," bn said, "wltboet
burdening oorselras witb aa eM, boo
hen down **fi« hyena, aod a* for paytag
, for oue     Malbtlm snapfwd bis Japan
I * *m» it yeeag," said tbatodoa. "bad
;. font Itmklnit."
I   tbt Hwrleo Isagbed.  "Thoro aro ao
' fund ttnAlnt white enon tto ti* Jao-
I   ^A^ W9^9^*9M. *t a^U 9999^^9^9 &W*9t
f-grp. txttrmitte, rain tttttHwen. iou
) iheotd ** smmhm** te trr to onto ton
■ ot eM frfee-**."
ttorotm nprttmr tn ttt* fret f^jme,"
bO oaM   "I erllt Shew yoo "
WtfMhn aad Jem-men met to follow
htaa. aad as tbey did se t totr oyee nttt,
1 -Helm* -eJewtt trmtetnt mn or u*
tbom-they wttt to bar aa nodi mo*
miss as tb* buck men. 8b* bated and
bared ttaa all italblbn spake to btr
la Arabia.
"We at* Moods," be said. "Woold
yoo like to have us Uke yoo away frem
BUrnly tad dimly, aa tbeogh frma a
gnat dlkaaca, recollecUoo ol Um aoo*
luMllar toagoe returned to ber.
"I sboold llko to go free," aie aald,
•tad go back to Korak."
-Too woald like to go witb asr per.
*tod UAlbtha,
-No," said Mortem.
Malbtha turned to Kevodoo.   "A*
doae oot wt* to go with os," be said.
•foo aro moo,m roturoed the black.
"Oea job oat take ber bf torenT
"It would ooly add to oor treeblae,"
replied the Swede, "No, Kotodo* we
do aot wish ber, though, if yoa wbb
teberidof ber, wewtHUkeberaway
beoaose of oor friendship fer yea."
New, Korodeo knew that bt hod
■ado a sale, Tbey wonted ber, lo be
, eommnced to bargain, and la tbe ood
I tbo persoo ef Meriem passed non tba
1 poseesslOB of tbe black chieftain lata
j that of tbo two Iwodee la eowddoratloo
; of lis yard* of Aawrtkan, three empty
braao eartridge shells and a ahtpy new
Jetfckatf** from Now lore*?.
And all bet Mortem woro More thaa
pleased wttb the bargain.
Korodeo stipelated hot a otagH eoo.
dltloo, aad thai was tbat tbo Euro*
psoas woro to Mare bis village aod tam
the gtfl witb them aa oer|y tbe oott
morning aa thry crmM get ttartoit
After tb* sale be did not hesitate to
explain ble leasees for thle doomed.
Ro fold tlmm of the *dr*mnmn ttttmr* '
of tb* gtm oarage mate to raeeoo bar, i
ac*d aviitftmiMi*! tbnt tbn ewmor thai get i
ber oot of the ooaatrjr tbe owe likely
Mortem waa agate beoad aod plaoei
oodor goart, hot this tlmo la th* tent
tit WW IHrOflMI     ItKfhWi* t*1+*/1 tt* *•»•
tiring to pen-mad* ber to accompany
wittingly.  II* t*M ber that Vbtf
What the Swede found there roused
no pity within bts calloused heart, only
anger against his. fellow scoundrel.
Meriem was fighting otr her attacker. Malblhn was showering blow*
upon her.
Jenssen, streaming foul corses upon
bl* erstwhile friend, burst Into the
tent Maibihn, Interrupted, dropped
bla victim and turned to meet Jenssen's
Infuriated charge-
He whipped a revolver from his blpi,
Jenssen, anticipating the lightning
mor* of tb* other's bnnd, drew almoet
simultaneously, and both men flrod at
Jenssen waa atill moving toward
Malblhn at tho time, bnt at tbe Saab
of the explosion be stopped. Bia ro>
▼olvor dropped from nerveless flagena
For a moment b* staggtr*d drunk*a>
ly. Deliberately Malblhn pot two mor*
bnlleta Into bla Mend'* body at clone
Bven Ib the midst of tbe eieitement
aad btr terror Mortem fbnad herself
wondering at tbe tenacity of Uf*
whleb tb* hit man displayed. Bla
*y*a wor* closed, hi* b*ad drooped
forward upon bla breast, hi* banda
boat limply before blm. Yet adll he
■toed there upon bia foot, though ho
ro*l*d horribly.
It waa aot natO th* third bullet had
found Ita mark within hit body thtt
b* longed forward upon bit face, Thoa
Malbiha approached Mm aad, with aa
•ath, kicked him Ttdeualy. Ttaa ho
tomad ooe* mor* to Morlw.
At th* same'instant th* flaps of th*
ttot opened aOeotly and a tan whit*
■aa atooi la tho aperture.. Neither
Meriem er Malbiha aaw tb* o«wcoa*e.
Th* lattor'a back wat toward bia,
whtt* hit body hid tb* stranger from
Meriem's *y*s.
Bt crossed tbe toot qolekty. otoe.
ptag orer Jeaaseo's body. Tb* Ont
intimation MtlMbn had waa a hwtf
bead opoa bla tbooMtr.
Be wheeled, to foe* eo otter ttraa-
ger, a tall, black haired, gray eyed
•tniaftr, clad la khtkl tad pith btl*
Malbiha reached fer his gtm
what, pray, are you?"
"1 am Meriem, I also am an ape."
"ITin," was the stranger's only oral
roininent upon this startling announcement But wbat be thought might
have beeu partially interpreted through
the pitying light that entered bis eyes.
He approached tbe girl and started to
lay bis band upon ber forehead. She
drew back witb a savage little growl
A sulle touched bis lips.
"Tou need not fear me." he said.
"I aball not barm you. I only wish to
91scover if yon bare fever-lf yon are
entirely well, tf you are we will set
forth in search of Korak.*'
more fear in tbe girl's eyes now tban
there had been In the presence of
strange men or savage beasts. She
hesitated, turning an appealing glance
toward tbe man.
"That ts my wife." be said.   "She
will be glad to welcome you."
The woman came down the path to
meet them.  Tbe man kissed her and,
disheartening   fact-Meriem   was   In
nono of them.   Tbat she bad not been
taken by the blacks In their flight from
the village Korak knew, for he had
watched carefully for a glimpse of her
among the fugitives. .....      .   . .      . ..     ,.        ..        .
To the mind of the apo man. know-   *"** first,h<frd ** tbus^addrweed
Korak and of searching for the ape
man if be found the slightest evidence
upon which to ground a belief ha tbe
existence of such an Individual.
The white man's wife, whom Meriem bad christened "My Dear" from
mAA-MSHoa   flbyuo  djk  t^mm jmhwo   tftHftMML I
ta.,^*L  .*-— ■»■- —   -fc.^.   **■  * avo...^a  -■*-.. -   -**. . .  mm | VII   t-M   tlMl   Wt-WWl   •*   *»••   »*»flWN>'VW   HV
ratberdlethaagobacktotbeoUahoIk •'•»»"
ho osaorai htr thet tbty weoM net take agsio, hot another bead bed bttm
her lame  om. *s t maftar nf ftrt, ltd inlrbrr ths* bit, a»«f h* ano tbo '■ win tr» mt* ir* ("•>■*>"■'•'■'• *v> h.
ttay aay taftotiwi ef ae dolaf. , weamta loamd lo Uie grMiud *l tbo yttlutut mote, and I Him* ttwt i.«- diwi
Korak's Venpoene*.
BltrBM looked straight Into the
keen gray eyes. She most bave
found there an unquestionable
assurance of the honorableness of their
owner, for sbe permitted blm to lay bis
palm opon her forehead and feel ber
pulse.   Apparently abe bad no fever.
"How long bave you been nn ape J"
asked tbe man.'
"Since I was a little girl, many,
many years ago, and Korak came and
took me from my father, who was beating me. Since then I bate lived In Uie
tree* with Korak ond Abt"
"Where In the Jungle live* Korak r
luked tbe stranger.
Mortem pointed with a sweep of ber
hand that took tn, generously, half the
continent of Africa.
"Could you Bod your way back to
"I do not koow," ah* replied, "but
be wtll And bit way to me."
"Tben I hav* * plan," aald the stranger. "I live but a few marches from
tvert I aball take you hoiuv. nbcie
my wife will look nfter you aud cart
for you tittlt we can And Korak or
Korak finds us. If we ronM find you
here, bo can find yon at my vlllago Is
It nol sor
Mortem thought thai tt waa to. but
sbe did not like th* Idea of not start
Ing Immediately hark to inevt Korak.
On the other tuiipl. tbe man bad no
Intention of peruilttlnu this |wor, lu-
sane child to wandtr further amid tlio
danger* et tbe jungle. Whence ibo
had mme or what »ln> had undergone
be-could not guems. but lh«t bet Kursk
and tbeir life among thr mmn naa Imt
a flirmenl of a dlttor-dpi-wi mind In*
Timid nnt doubt
II* know tite }niif;l* well, nnd he knrw
that men had llv««t altm* and tinSt-H
fnotiit tb» Mvagn lic»*>t«i for .vrnrs, lull
,. frail ami uleuder glrlt   No, it wa*
llrtf  fKWC*|lllC
:   Tttgeitm  ihey  went  outakto.   Mai
^ tt<t*,„*f.   f  iti..*   ^.999   *^,».|*l   * *    '- ,-   -     1-      ■
iiroilon for a tw«tv i!«"nnT<»ir»>    Tli«
i Mrangrr a black* wert* -mnvrrwiti)! wilh
ttma.   Maibihn •t*tw«l »i a «ii»i«iiM-p.
•mtirf *w4 ghmttimg
Tbo otwnpfr ai>pn«ctiwl mi* of fit»
1 wrn men.
ho f-flmMarMM.
tbn ntttv thm nthtn**"****! ni»*"*it«»firl
One nf Mrtll.lliit* lollouii, l'r<<MU(ly
tie intirin««t to bl* mii»f*f
"Tli«,> iMHishl het Inwn i*l Knvi«l«ik"
It* MM.    "Tlwl t* all llmi Ilil* ttdhm
•he hurled Her Pace on tho losem ef
Thl* Now Friend.
turning toward Meriem, Introduced
them, speaking In the Arab tongu* tb*
girl understood.
"This is Mortem, my dear," b* said,
and told* tho story of tho Jungle waif
•o far ta bf knew It
Meriem saw tbat tb* woman was
beautiful, fcbe aaw that aweetn*** and
goodnoaa were stamped Indelibly upon
ber countenance. Mbe no longer feared
ber, and when her brief story had beea
narrated and Hie woman mm* and put
ber arms aimut her and kliaed her and
ing as he did tbe proclivities of tbe
savages, there wns but a single explanation—Meriem bad been killed and
eaten. Witb the conviction that Meriem was dead, there surged through
Korak's brain a wave of blood red
rage against those be believed to be
her murderers. In the distance he
could bear the snarling of tbe baboons
mixed with tbo screams of tbelr victims, and toward tbls be mado his
way.* ■■ ^   *■• '„'*■:
ering bis scattered tribesmen end taking account of injuries and losses. Hts
people were panic stricken. Nothing
could prevail upon tbem to remain
longer In this country. They would
not even return to tbe village tor their
belongings. Instead tbey insisted upon
continuing tbelr flight until they had
put many miles between themselves
and tbe stamping ground of the white
demon whose hordes bad so bitterly
attacked tbem.
And thus It befell that Korak drove
from their homes the ooly peoplo who
might have aided blm In a aearcb for
Meriem and cut off tbo only connecting link between blm and ber from
whomsoever might come In -search of
bim from tbn douar of tb* kindly Bwana wbo had befriended his Uttl* Juogl*
It was a sour and lavage Korak wbo
bid farewell to bis baboon allies opoa
th* following morning. Tbey wlahad
blm to accompany them, but tb* ap*
man had no heart for society. Jnngl*
llf* bad encouraged taciturnity la him.
His sorrow bad deepened this to a sullen morotenea* that eoald not brook
•ven tb* savag* compealoaablp of tbe
(11 nitorsd baboon*.
Brooding aad despondent, be took
bla solitary way Into tb* deepest Jungle n* moved along tbe ground wbta
be knew tbat Noma wae abroad aad
hungry. Be took to the aame tr***
tbat harbored Sbeeta, tbo panther. Be
coartad death la a bnndrad way* and
a bttdrtd forma. Bla mind waa ever
occupied witb reminiscences of Mart*
by Bwana, took not only a deep interest in tbe little jungle waif beeaose of
ber forlorn and friendless state, bnt
grew to love her as well for her sonny
disposition and natural charm ef temperament And Meriem, aimMeity impressed by Uke attributes In tbe gentle,
culturwl woman, reciprocated the other's regard and affection.
And ao the days flew by wMU Meriem waited the return of the bead
man and his partji from the country
em and tbe happy yeara tbat they had
Be tealtMd now to the f«0 wbat abt! SSTSttt' iii*«!i!!! 2 tl
*A mihl •*, M«     Ttv. mtf #.*» ! P."1" '•** tM "tO palOU Of MT
into them were crowded many honr*
of insidious instruction of the unlettered child by tbe lonely woman.
She commenced at once to teach tho
girl English without forcing It opoa
her as a task. She varied the Matrae-
tion with lessons in sewing and deportment, nor once did she let Meriem
gueas tbat It was not all play. Nor
was this difficult, since tht girl waa
avid to learn.
Tben thero we*e pretty dresata to ho
made to take tbe place of tbe single
leopard skin, and In this ahe foaod tho
child as responsive and entbosiastte aa
any civilised miss of her acqoaiataaee
A month passed beforo tbe bead maa
returned, a month that bad transformed tbe savage, little, half naked Mam-
ganl into a daintily frocked girl of at
least outward civilization. Meriem had
progressed rapidly with tht intricadto
of tbn English language, for Bwaaa
aad My Dear persistently Nfaa*d lo
speak Arable from tb* tlm* tb*y had
d*dd*d that Meriem must l**ia laf»
llah, wblch bad boen a day or two aftar
ber Introduction Into their borne.
But, dodie a* Meriem w*t la thoa*
Button, thar* was on* tblag that ah*
Insisted oa during her eoUio stay wttli
the kind white folk, aod Uut we* hav
peraoooi freedom to make eiraataaa
Into tbe Jungle, attired very mocb aa
tbn bad boon whtn with Korak, wbta***
*r«r ab* eh***. Bwana aad My Datf
got OMd la tlm* to finding bar
•mpty aad to bar* ber tam tp
»*t*f, flashed and radiaot, after a
lomp through tb* tree* and JragM,
Tho* It was that, dmpit* tb* •
od boot* oho wore end tbe «**tahq
th* tanned,  auppK IttUo w"Z \ Jl^J*^^ 22IWlS
bad meant to blm.  Tb* sweet fact
•»a.t.» .-ic **..,.Z...?.A~iiL-Z 1«**M*. nor did ber grace aad agfltty
called her "poor Utile darling" aomo | KiIluL!!?\£?& ' taffor. ^^
thing mni.^l H. Uerlrm'a he.it. wlttawSy *** *""*" **• *•"* "•• ■•"••
Inaction soon threatened blm with 'Mortem lato a period of deopeodeocf,
Kbe burtvil tier face on the booom of
Ihis new friend. In wIkhm voke wa*
i the mother tout* thai Mortem bad aot
beard fur an many yeara ibal abe bad
forgotten it* very rilMemo, Mho buried
ber face on t'he klbdly l<o*»m and wept
as she had uot wept liefore In all ber
life leur* of relief and Joy that abe
«vuM tnd fathom
And so rntiitf Mortem, the aavage little Mantiani, uut of her Iwloted Jungle
Uito tbo itiidai mf ■ home of culture
and refinonirnl. Already "Uwana" and
"Ki) *k-at." ** »U* Uttl It**at4 th»W
e*li«-»! umi tMittn»«*t to call thtm. were
n* ItttlHi »iul iui>iii.r tu her. •
Unt# lift namm learn were allayed
«lic went lu the oihh«H« etireino of
<rMNlfuin»»N nml love ,\«iw «ho waa
Wlllllig. fn (villi, Ui'fti
Korak ur KornU t,,m„l tier. Kite did
•.*,, „..,.,, «,,< ..... •..<.«*.-«(. «,,,«», met
Itt,rid',  id- *,.• <,
madBM* Be moat be oo tbe go, Be for ho bad found tiie village ef Kern*
must fill bla day* with taber *od *i- doo deoerted, nor. mortb as be woold,
cltemrot that ht might forget-that coohl be discover a tingle native any-
night might And blm *o eibaaated that where in tbe vicinity For Mme tbao
be shoold sloop In blessed oncoosdeo*- b* bad esmped near tbo village, apaod-
nea* of bia misery nnlil a now day had lag Um days In a systematic sMfh of
come. the eovlrooe for ira-e* of Meriem's
Bad ho roe**ed that by aay poort* Korak,  Bnt to tbls qoeet. tne, bad be
bltify Mcrl-w mlitht itlll live be woold faih*l.   He bad aceo nelilier apeo oor
at ImM have bad bop*.   Ill* day* ap* man.
*ronM have been devoted te oMirhing Meriem et flrot Innlsted npen telling
tor h*r dot he M\**td tmptkttly that forth ktfteif to »».w. ■» -wf lit***.. i<«t
ab* oa* d«id ttwaoa pfvvatM >t^>r» her to watt. Ho
Por a Mig year Ut led hi* notary, would ««. be awnMnc*! li«>r. a* mn eo
reomint life    (kwnlaealty bo foil la bo coold find the nim-, and at ism M*-
wlfh ,-tttui end hf« tribe, bunting with lieu contented It, *t'..l«- l.v inn wl«U*.
tUiiii fur a day vr two, er be might liut It was tnotiit)-* uf«m' «im tea***!
n       *       .        *       .       *       *
And n:ii  tn  iitf jiitiKle   tar away.
Km**,   «»wrefeil   with   «**«jim1*.   tllff
Willi   cMtnl    l»!«»«t.    iiunilns    with
rnnf   at*'l   *tr<:***i**     «.   *,*»*»i   «*   wid.
-mmiI   »tr«-fiiftii  retnroeo  *w«nS  lor*
nnlil tbey tmmli travel te Iho bltt tmrntiy. where the
behoona bad eome tn *.t»-r»i him ** n
tmatm ot twir*e, Hut mmt et all waa
'if -*1])!' 'J',ki.i,,'-.k, ,,u*, v,,v,tt»*.i,i. *-iit**
great gray Lattu-nh^ «f tt* ino$ln.
•bo iU|terdr««o<li.*irelil nf hl« m-rms*
The |wa«vful ifiitet «f ibe nuiM-it-r
l*ttll*, th* mm*hi*o ■».**.**'*ot*'Xf „' •* *i
mother cow*, the n* tn-annl f»t.i» tult,***
Ut that eight Mortem My tbtoOmt! *••• «f the trot- ««t of mcb
fer * atonal from Korak.   AB aboot]   "Wtoat i« tue meenliig of m*r Tb*
tbo footto Bf* aaeved through tt*; stranger eddiesoed bio qoo*ttoa te Veto ber aewafttve eon eaaw' rin* In a ttm$m tho 4M ttm, ooder-
thot tho ethere tn th* earnf \ttoml  bim alww* her tread and spuHre
ot bsor, aooodo that ah* ta^htxftroMe.  ImtaMily lb* ma* rbangwd
>. MifraMi o* om ***** twttrpnt tbb'bHntweottoo to<**! butmmm '
(tpootb of ■ frtsot. lit ant sari r*mt    ""Tbooo omo oro iskteo mo *w*.v frem
»t ttaHo tot* that btmrnot tht prao- \ Km*? p*ntcd tbe glrL   -llto «a*
oaeoof KenlL  »« ohe hater thtt It' would btvo mm** too  Tn* ether,
Nothing short of dtatt whom he baa juit titled, trted to *lep
»*»■*    TW* •*♦♦ Mb ttr* bout a****.
t.*t Ttti'-o tot, «bw<»
'■m! *e*o Tin-} »t'w1 iiuti',» t'S.-f-.n tlmt
tlieir Imtir-K ki>H* fwrt IM m^»,i;-f nt.
|l «*Ma<.| in- wrtl. tonm*. lu ISA it*
-»f her *"
-I win* ihflf i mfftit. bui a w* taw
I* it'im* iiAu ttth twit td the faugh.   U
h   fit ».   If  imt   ffj  fft,.  ,)f,f .*„yK  Jt*.i
«i.»," *e|4i#*«t the mat-ttr.
Tin' *u,fitter K-otafneil hi.ft MsRtlhn
.1.. ti ** -il... it*} ,|,-jc,i«i»-I li,!.. lit-
*,   ■:,. i,      1, ,. ,f^{     :*,,'■     vt -:*,      lit*. %.*fa*.
«l«*n |l»e itail ot iin» e""»t iMihnwn* *f tbe ralve*. r**ttti. Inrerenfrtl atA
Ile ')<! ti»»  flml ti. ii. Mlirre l»e liad 'WUMd Kntak    ttm life ot lhe ton*
tact  m;*„ Hum  t.»t   In aiif ot ihelr •**•!*took ht* mind leiwf*,r»ri!t fr««i
o«t:al Mt'-iia. Irtil lit .ttosM \ht*m etoog hto mn **'    '•* rtBM" "» *"'^ ""•*"
Ihe well amtlnl ii*** tl*e>  toil 'tft •* be lend uot enn the stoat i*i«e«,
behind thein. and af »-»«! he ♦*te»t*w»k tad there wa» ono ulttamtf tn.ltot In
%bt.\\H. *mixi*tii«t ot wJmii in- v,s,*t (err tt*i't*.
Ho peiauadrtt th» ai i«» aM him la tbe terd et ttt* nerd, * so teg* t«*«m
mnnng Mertem nnd a*t*<ktef «>e tO- lUi *** ¥Mrt'4  ," ",",SP * w^*"'
big* of Norudao. colling t« mtttd bow
b* h*4 taied llje-lr t.Uit Amd tm thry
mme, upon ih* teonrnl dar. ta tlw vU-
lego ef Kevedav    It  wt* mtfnftrr*
mmm. thr' tttn-mt* *** «»/! in tbn
OOM ef Ibe rr*i*t **omt**.ri**t *ot* hont
Th* mtghty herd ttait-kd onmty o«w.
Reofolb tbe ibnoMtwl** ot padded teet
the tnmnt gave faith uo greater wood
tboo rntttud lc*t r fc*»a j.i«*&n*t'e*i If the
»mtrmmtd wraobieo ef e attoocor I
bl-wo 11* »*«*,(»■•«} t r.>u*ai*H,a or va*,*
tm %ttn<*alio*. *»l**(w*<->«#*r
Atud ie Ummlt ibi* nnoitfttatM et do*
itruvlU.u mt*. a* «i.«>.l* nw*l tOtttitv^*
•t« ** n !*'■ n**t.
lie rem* mtten K«>r*t <n*tie»l tie
A.n.wt i.m irots** ntttiot n# «%»*. «ir*r.'*i
i**ty aad lifted turn to W* br.^t*! n#t»fc
tu tMfiun** I** a ni*iniw, nu*i Ihort*
womid Ketoi lie at foi amtth- kl"k*
tag  bit love oCt-0-u-t.atrlf  tMo tbe
fn mourn *liu»i**f. Iitiiii-ij* t*,t n*» Ko«*k.
It wat alMHil tt..** iim«- iiui a rnnnev
.*,,*..,.,.•»..«   *  »<•■,»«■»   « ,*1,   t* ,ifii Ml* ttmi'tf
"1 «• ■       • ■      < • i .1 *■■    ■ i.  *,;.:/, , i
r'lH*m»><.»     VtMiV)'-*  *•',-.• ■i-tiuihii:'    ..1
nim)t<*er uf KnelKti la«l»«". ond c#«il*>
nm* t*n.t o»'«ej.f«ti  Uy   t**ar* tnviia*
ti.»u i» n*< ml a i i.iiitii .,: imi'iing and
tutdtitlt.ii. tilth tt:9te*
M«-fwm **»•* ts» et|imiM7 WWtt
tttmht ih.'«e •ttMitst-r* l«- like* Would
itity 1* ■*♦ ti>'«* !•» to*r ** Nd llwaoo
*i'»d My l»e*r. or «««».;*> ttoj tw like
Hie other while M* **>»* l»*d tnoirw—
«rne| **.,| re!e.itJ*'»»* Sly fear aaaarofl
hot that iUry nil err* gv-wttefeft *0i
'.'.,,;.   .-...    t,..,',\  ;,.'.  '■' » i... kl,,»V, »«»M»ltV-
ev»!r ai»1 l.«»rtr*lnle,
',- ■; '••',;.;, j,.yy, nil TLutn
imi' u.ut is-t-t, ut-.d ia*-* o«m«i~lbO
wire* «>f iV tw-. tttttet mm. Th*
t.t'ihut-t tm-i,',::.*'-i nt the farty wo*
t|..f, M«*n*..fi t'.itit'*\ m ywmt aoua
„1 .,,*-;*!,-•-ji'■*. «»»({!*. <mho, bav Ini
t*tij***-:***t *.. tlw t*i««iitii.ii«e» tm tittea.
',',. j^'i '...I !**,-, iU- .j,'^.;■+,-„ *,; ^.i.^e*.
had tgtmdty m-n*4 eptm lM« «f««rl»
tilty tu oun u* onotber tiHktitn.i fur Ms,
Results secured during the past year re-affirm tlie position of the Sun Life of Canada as
the largest life assurance 'organization of the Dominion.
Fair-dealing and progressive business methods have given it leadership in annual New
Business, Total Business in Force, Assets, Surplus Earnings, Net Surplus, Total
Income, Premium Income and Payments to Policyholders.
The yomig ladies of thc F. A. A. V.
pulled off one of the best dances held
in this neck of the woods for a long
time, and they are to be c.onstraMilated
for the good time given to al! who
attended the swell affair. The hall was
nicely decorated in the club's colors,
red and black, and 'with evergreens.
The refreshments handed around at
supper time were of the best, as they
were donated by the girls themselves
and some good cooks we have in Ver.
nie. The music supplied by Commons' four.piece orchestra was second
to none in the Orow's Nest Pass, The
next club dance will be in about a
' *,i
The next big dance will be held at
Waldo. The Tennis club of Waldo are
putting on a swell affair and it is ex
pected that a large crowd will go from
Pernie. Commons' will supply the
music with a six-piece jazz band.
Fernie is to have a big day July 1st.
The programme will be published next
week. The next meeting ot* the celebration committee will be held at tho
G. W. V. A. on Sunday evening at
8.30 o'clock. Anybody interested in
the good and welfare of the (Irst
July will be welcome.
The football game at Coal Creek
last Sunday ended in a win for Michel
by a score 2—1. Michel winning the
toss played down hill with the wind
and sun at their backs right from thc
start. Michel showed better team
work and did most of the pressing, although Coal Creek put on a burst, of
speed right on the start and scored in
the first ten minutes of play. W. Mar.
tin carried the ball right through for
a goal, which was Coal Creek's first
and only goal. At the face-off Michel
carried the ball into Coal Creek's goal.
Yates scoring for Michel, tiein^ the
score. Again Coal Creek seemed to
lose heart and let A. Bell score another
 for iMichel. breaking the tie and win.
inning got a score on Ricketts groun.
der, which let him to second.
K\ Dunlap scored and A. Dunlap went
:o first on balls. Biggs out at first,
and R. Colton scored. Shaw was left
on first.
The P. A. A. C.'s failed to score in
the first of the eighth, but the Hula-
Hulas added another mark to their
Hovan drove a fly to Dragon, Palmer
sent a fly to C. Colton, Ricketts got his
base on balls and scored.
The two Dunlaps were left on the
liases when Biggs struck_out.
In the last inning the'-F. A. A. C.'s
added two to their lead.
Anderson got first on a good ground,
er and scored. Glover got to first on a
muff of his fly. Baker struck out.
Sofkol went out at first by a throw
from Biggs, and Dufour was thrown
out at first.
The fun of the game was reserved
for the last of the ninth, when the
HulavHulas rallied and' scored four
.McDougall went out at first, Shaw
got his base on balls and made good at
the home plate. K. Colton went out
at first. Hovan scored. Palmer fol.
lowed him with another, and the tans
began to fan in earnest. Ricketts got
his base on balls and scored. Both
Dunlaps got on bases when Biggs was
thrown out at first.
,   The score by innings:
12 3 4 5 6 7 8 !)
The P. A. A. C.'s 0 5 10 16 0 0 2—15
Hulas    0 0 0
Dunlap relieved Ricketts in the box
early in the game.
— O :	
In the last of the eighth, Quillman
went out on a fine fly to Dragon; Mclntyre got his base on balls but was
out on a fly from McLaren to pitcher
Colton.   Cates went, down at first.,
In the first of the ninth, 'McDougall.
struck out and Reno and R. Colton
neither could beat the ball to first.
In the last inning of -the game, Dahl
went out at first, Winters sent a fly to
the pitclier, Spence got away to first
but Wilson failed to beat; the ball to
the same base and the game was
Score by innings—
Old Timers  10 0 2 10 0 0 0—4
F. A. A. C.'s ....0 1 0 0 2 1 0 a 0—it
C. Colton's lucky drive at the right
time in the eighth, bringing in three
runs was the deciding feature of the
game, which otherwise was a very
even one.
Wilson, C. Colton, Dudley and Anderson made hits for the P. A. A. C.'s
and Spenco was credited with two and
R Wilson with one for the Old Timers.
ning the game. The second half Coal
Creek played with the win-.! and sun
but were unable to score. \V. Hale
was the star of the day, playing center half for the Creek, and is. one of the
best we have in the Pass. These two
teams meet again in Michel on 8imd.<y
next and it should be a dandy gnnn'.
■ . o u	
Despite the rawness of the weather
last Friday's ball game was freer of
raw plays, the batting and fielding of
both teams better and the score more
evenly contested than has been any
The game between the F. A. A. V.'h
and the Hula-llulus on Wednesday
evening was played in very cool weath.
or, which affected the attendance to
some extotit, but the regular fan crowd
was on hand and full of noise for their
respective clubs.
The Hnoup was as follows:
F. A. A. C.'s—It, Colton, c; Wilson,
Dragon, C, Colton, Anderson. Glover,
lHifonr, p; Reno. McDougal,
Hula-Hiilas—Rlckfitts, II. Shaw, Ho.
v«n, e\ Costa. Biggs, .1. McDougall,
Cltra. K, Colton, 1'altm.r.
Whon Umpire flpence called "play
ball," th* F. A. A. C.'s went to bat,
with Itlrketts in thn hox: ami Hovan
behind the but. It, Colton and Dragon
wont out at flrxt and c. Colton sent a
fly to Cltrfl in center flold.
Dufour went into the box for the
If. A A. C.'» and Colton eaush' in the
Ult half of the first. MckotU sent a
tiy to Anderson at first, Costa sent a ily
to Illgga, and Corrigan w«m out at
la thu Umi uf tile second the F. A.
A. (Va scored a harvest of live runs be.
fore th" Hula-Huta* Rot the third man
out. The Hulu.Hulas failed in score
flo ono Retting to first base.
In tl»*» th'rd Anderson Jlew out to
lirst. Clover «nt a fly to Mt-Daugnll
who mttflv-1 <♦ V,f*M, .*■ '■-,', „ oy ,u ij^*
right Iii'ld, which wai muffed, but
wa,* pit out .it third.     .1. M<i)au«*tt
Th-  HttN.ll i!
;»    "     'I   r«i.i..M, liovnn and Calmer
ww thrown out to And'?r--«■«.
It   i?n« fourth. It   Colton w»s» Mop.
f'' '    • '-***\     lV!l"i.n f'i'M » goad (If lo
,1 Mn-'i'iuni', »«"! llM^on man on:, at
tf th,* \a*l ol thin Jniilrt* IllckuU*
aunt n It' 1-, Ht\r,fio, who rtinfT"'! !-t
<V* »- * ■*•■■■!*, ,i'„ m firt.i, Ji.inlup k„i
to 't--'r-l tr„n- wl,<.ri> he *r»r*ml «t>
ItltBs* drlt*
Mcifr-ueil' frae It tmt, **llra utrnc*-
Mil,   >•*    1'nltnr,   w-t   f>«K   ),*•*•-■#   fin.   b.itl,
and tlnvan *ttti*rk mil
In it't* ptth r  ft*iii',*\ wi-ri* 1* nrr*
nn r« •"•• »■! -iri-.-.i-ii I.;-,*'-, v.luli «,»-
mntft-d  ttmt 1-t'i-r >*«-*m*--t
-mn. t,:t,\ot and M»»twi tit Itll
game yet played on ffie new grounds.
The attendance was small, owing to
tho chilly weather, but those    who
"♦ayed with the players were well rewarded for the discomfort they exper.
ienced.    '
Kastner was behind the pitcher.
The line-up was as follows:
Old Timers—Spenco. 2nd:  B.  Wil.
I son. p; Liphardt, s. s: Quillman, 1st b;
I Mclntyre. 3rd b; McLaren, r. f: fiat-
jes, p: Dahl. I. f: Winters, c, f.
j    F. A. A. C.'s—R. Colton. p:-Wilson,
i2m| b: Dragon, 1. f: C. Colton. p: An.
jderson, 1st b: Dudley, s. s: Clover, c,
jf; Maker, r. f: Sofkol, 3rd b.
,The F. A. A, C's went to bat.    and
| iu the first failed to score; It. Colton,
Wilson and'C. Colton going out    at
I first.
The Old  Timers  fared  no better:
Held over from last week	
Wednesday's Game
lt will be noticed by the line-up for
the game on Tuesday evening that the
Hula Hula's were very materially
helped by Old Timer pjlayers who vol.
unteered to take the places of players who could not be present with tho
regular Hula Hula boys.
The game on Wednesday was a one.
sided affair, so far as scores went but
the score will show that the Old Timers made the big total in the third in.
nings, when they brought home seven
tallies. It was the first victory for the
Old Timers, and the manner in which
they played showed plainly the improvement in teaib work,
There were more people in aiten.
dance than upon any occasion except
that drawn out b# the exhibition game
when the band was out and the event
well advertised.
There were many automobiles on
the ground and the benches were well
filled. This is encouraging to tho
players, and enjoyable to the spectators, and it is hoped that fhe sport
will keep growing in interest.
.. , .   -..i    Tho Hne.up on Wednesday evening
4 1 1 .1 1 4-T4|was.
OLD TIMERS:—Spence, c; Lip-
hard, ss; Quillman, p; Winters, cf;
McLaren, rf; Austin, If; Oliver, 2nd;
Parker 3rd; Bishop Wilson, lst.
HULA HULA'S—E. McDougall, cf;
Ricketts, 3rd; Palmer, 2nd; Biggs, ss;
Costa, If; Hovan, c; E. Colton, 1st;
Robertson, p; A. Dunlop.'rf.
The Hula Hula's scored twice in the
If the Manufacturer, Wholesaler, and Retailer are to add to the.increased wage cost, their
usual percentage of profit, and compel you to
buy back the commodities you produce with
with three scales of excess-Profit added?
Protect Wage Values
by organizing Co-operative distribution and ultimately Co-operative production of the merchandise for which your wages are exchanged.
Mrs. E. Todd
British Columbia
Incorporated 1907
Seasonable Millinery in the Latest Styles from the
Great Fashion Centers
Coats, Capes, Suits, Gowns, Dresses, Whitewear, Hosiery, Fancy
Work Materials, etc.
Special attention to Mail Orders.
The United Church
Rev. C E, Batzold, Pastor
J. Whitehouse, Orsranist
Services, Sunday, June 15,1919
11.30 a.m.      "Purchased and Paid For*'
7.30 p.m.        "Weighed and Wanting"
12.15 p.m. Sabbath School
A Cordial Invitation to Strangres and Visitors
with a Koose egg.
The Hula Hula's added another tal.
ley In the second and gave the Old
Timers a mate for their first goose
,But in the third, the Old Timers returned one of tho eggs to their over,
confident opponents and piled up seven runs to their credit in their hnlf
nt the bat.
The Hula Hula's made no more
scores until the sixth when they made
one, making It three-on their side of
the talley sheet.
Tho Old Timers added two In the
fo?irth, and three in tho fifth, and the
kids hesrnn to look serious, and added
Iwo each In the seventh and eighth,
The Old Timers drew n gooso rug
In the sixth and mndo another tally
A country coal mine in goqd location; seam 3 ft, 10 inches;
good dry roof and dry mine; newly developed; also storage
bin to hold sixty tons, and blacksmith shop with all necessary
equipment.   Por particulars apply to
Box 185
Saturday Matinee 2.30.' Saturday Nights First Show at 7
Friday and Saturday, June 13 and 14
NAZIMOVA in "Eye for Eye"    o
A tremendous screen triumph exceeding in brilliance and power and beauty
the previous successes of this star of stars on screen or stage.
EDDIE POLO in   "The Lure of The Circtts"
Episode 2 o    ■      ■
Monday and Tuesday, June 16 and 17
MARY MACLAREN ih "Creating Stairs"
"Creaking Stairs" starts out very quietly, just sort of "eases you alonfc," till
all of a sudden, you find yonrself right in the coils of the loveliest.creepitigest,
thrillingest drama that ever sneaked up and caught you by the throat.
"The Woman In Thc Web" chapter 7
One Reel Comedy
Wednesday and Thursday, June 18 and 19
More Than A Motion Picture
A Dramatic Classic with tbe Power and Charm of a Great Personality
"Passing of The Third Floor Back"
by Jerome K. Jerome
Six Part "First National" Attraction
Anita Stewart in "Virtuous Wives
Charlie Chaplin in "A Dog's Life"
Spence struck out, Wilson pot IiIb bane j fn tho last half of the elRht. maklnp
but Liphardt wns cnitRht trying    to
reach third.'while Quillman went out
on a fly.
In the first of the second. Anderson
went to hit and scored; Dudley. (Hover and Hftker nil fanned the nlr and the
s|d»* chnnaed to the Held.
The Old Timers had no better luck:
McLaren struck out, (Sates hit thc hall
nnd eo> nwav, Imt Dnhl Htruck out and
Winter* sent a nice fly ovor to Haker,
Ii'.'uju-K SpoiK'c id the plate.
in the fr.«» of lhe third, Sofkol
ftruok out, R -f'olton followed buU and
WlUon w;i* put nut at third.
Th» Old Timers again failed to score.
Srence itot to first. Wilson wont out at
llrnt by n throw from Dudley; Liphardt
'sent a hall to Wllunn who held It, anil
Oolllman struck out.
lu th« Ant of the rutinh Dragon wss
put out at lirst, <', Colton got u Rood
Mt, hut was put out It) his attempt to
steal home.
Andemon went out at first, rutirinR
lh*' f!dc.
•Uernt»n\ cf th,- <M Tis.iTi. tiui. U,
M'coml, and was niven third by    !h«
muir,* on a baulH by pitcher Colton, |
ut on a f.ul. which the catcher |afcj^JjJ who fellow*! Mclntjw *o!
>;r» frliky and wtm pminht trying    to
fall"? t»» pa.n* nnttj»»,.j,|  »„. hnm(, p}a|p   mM Rftl   %m
j<>ii ,i mufl by th« pltoher. but wm al*o
;ni«lt! iu an effort (o utojl the plate
which MclJiren had   Ifft.     Winters
vent out ttt Br*',
Ik sh« fir*t ttt tb*t» Bffh, Ibtdlcy *«>nt
»■• h\t niut .vldi'd :mntlii>r nt-oro tut lll«
V. A. A. V.'n, Drarun *ot lint on
ball*; «b«» Wr»t time a batter not tsuch
i rr*d'< fr"« Wll*nn, Haker *tni<»
mit. It Ci.lton bunted tn Wilson, and
wniton pot to flr*t, but l»ra*8on mrnek
a total of lit to thn Hula Hula'B »
The boyn falling to add to their side
of tho score In tho ninth.
Quillman was relieved in the Hlxih
by HI«hop Wilson, who made hl» Hmt
anpearanco with tho Old Timers In
Ihp same and proved a Rood twlrlor.
A. Dunlop rcllovcd RobliiFon during
Iho last, (wo or throo Inninim, 'llie
crowd seemed ploa*cd to soo tho Old
Timers make such a good nhowlne In
Iho Ramo and their Jlcldlnc has hf«n
dwldodly improvw! with thc practice
thov have had.
They are Rood batters and Spence,
who went behind the bat for the (Irst
tlmo shows ability and Ihe two colt
team* will have in practice and train
ihwnstflvcs down lo n Rood hard con.
d ll Ion If they wleh to trlve those Old
Timer* all they want to do.
It Is worth while boys! Oo after
♦hem and make them earn th*lr score*'
It Is Rood sport.
The score hy InnlnRS	
1 • !t i n n r * ti
tm Timers      n o 7 2 3 o 1 ft x~n
Hula Hulaa       21000122 ft-8
Tal musTcTand readings was rendered,
after which refreshments were served
in the usual manner in which the lad.
les do such things, which is to say
they were of the very best. Miss Hogan and Miss Liphardt favored tho
audience with vocal solos and Miss
Harper .and .Miss Ingram rendered
piano solos. Miss Crocker gave a
couplo of most enjoyable recitations,
lii reply to a vory short address from
the chairman, Uev. Batzold thanked
iIk> people of the congrogt^tion for tho
very evident good will manifested by
so happy an occasion, expressing him.
solf aa feeling that with such unity of
spirit as waH manifested >y I Iio con
urination that he should not fail in
his work as pastor.
Whist Drive.—On Tuesday, June
17th, tbo ladles of the Catholic church
are holding a whist drive and danco at
the Parish Hall. Prlr.es will bo given
and lunch served. Cards commence at
8.30 p.m. sharp. Gentlemen 50e, Lad.
les SSc.
— -—o-
Weddlnfl Announctmtnt—Ml*» ' 'ir®
tanranter announces Ihe w wid 114 «f
h*r -sister, Miss Harah lau«t*t«*r, lo
Mr K tl. Ward, at three.Hiirtv or ♦be
afternoon of Wednwainy, l«n«» tl.i»
twii.ly-flfih. niiii',*- 11 Inn..'ivI *»itd
ninHe-vn at the ITult«"4 Char b, Yerntr.
tl, «*.
Ottawa, June 9. -"If tuch a sltua.
tion as tbat In Winnipeg should de.
veiop in Ottawa, then I stand ready to
don overalls and do by share to dellv.
er »i<* from any such tyranny," said
Rev. Canon Hnowdon. rector of Ht.
t.:*>or(;iii'« ftiupi.-h, tn a v-^rmon up^n
the labor question on Sunday morn.
Ihr. He took as hia text the fifth
v«.r*e of the ihird chapter *tt .MaUrhi,
and had criticism for tbo labor ete.
ment only when allowing itself to be
controlled hy rash, unthinking
demagoRtte* who faror HolshcvUm.
U •
,..«*.   *ttt'n,.e am 10 tkira and was iwtl
J* ■<♦ *r:* Inn^> t,u*%\ that *',»*.*-.»«*ii pi,<-». „\ 1
,***t.t*itf. the piat.». Wllnion tot away
la tint Ulphnrdi mmt np a ni-M« foul
*f»<h t' r'ultun giitberiil iu *m »
wu,»rt rsin Qtiiltnmn w»nt out at
In tbe siitb V i'etion tirwh
■%* *»»,*•♦ ' *** a r •-.'**   ...I, - ■       r,
p**imt-r *** »* nr-~ 0*1 * ein*i tinv.-li** "'t**,1*    1**d1*r *int** ml*    end     ,
ps»t wtMut Mil   MMttbi mm«   th*.)1 **"*'■lfc   *,rt   ««*»-*»v   »y»a« ««r   tmt
tTw,;, it-lkle. I	
V iw« w*m *■** ■*.* m****-   ••»***. I    Vtimt-rfpmmtonme^Mtlitim,*1
i'lovoiatid, tt., lone i».—A nationwide
,-.iril« of ieltp!-iun« worters. intohim
operatora and repairmen,   was railed
today, effective neit Monday morning,
aemrdltm <« ' - Miriman,   local tm**i
mnn act i.t, ar>d 3. II. drove*!, financial!
s...k.. M9.i9   ■.•  *.     •      ,   a terretnry, of tbe Klectneal Workew j
A*«tbtr Injoysbte Tlma Preminnd- mkm     ,t mm Bnnm„e*d   that    tke |
Th- ladles of the t'afhnlfr Church ari ordi-ra were received from the Interna.
hiding a Whist l»r*v«» snd Dance Tnc». tional   b<*adqnsrter»   at   Mprtngnelil. j
'Jay*. ,/ti,u« !7l(li„ at t.lw Vnvinb H'tnlt. H«-. """"I"' 1
ftot;", jr**hmt nt* will be served a««l nr1f**l
ku* a,   vard.* etmmene* at M.M p.m l
luff ,
Ov   .ita ***■*. is*.n  nf »»,,» t>*-,,,fl,.r
in I nut ley.
Mit.ar<-n aent another to IMsiHe>r'
'•.-,..ti■■„■ »:%# Imt-lv nmd 'nUit^l l**M «-rf>«
■..«« m* k*ttt0. 1 *
1     .-   ^ .    ....      I j
ta lfc# «*rcnth,  Metlomcatl
anotb'-f ianr-mt,. •"orlag si* tatlle* af
l#f !btfow aasl *N»l»<m ttrwll! a*i! .
Pent, ttttmied lh* taflf bttitne*'
wbtm h* ntntrb ont
Wb*w nrttred tor "be Ifnfa If«1»a ■»•■
a mnfod lull; Oh**e n*wr*d a 4ar*-
hfir-t whttm 1* r***m* t» **ft*t*1*W be***
nnd n*^*e moro thnn /•»•# *+***. in? h'*
fpftw        **-**%   rfrt^*^»   +m*   fhtt.9.^9-  .ttm*..*
net tin *m* *t* f  i*t*t***m     lteta*ie*a':n
m   mm *.   M .. .     _^   .       1 nod wi*r*o*w siiia toixnw*o la^-Mi
f**%* ^-,%  v******* wmm^ ^ mm mfm m m ^^
nnmw tmm wt*** »« nr*t   normri   jMt*r*m **tw*it em*: f»ir*w    ****
OttorbmO mmt R return »*• em em a\pt*t tm bntbt. tte «n^i«<|   baa* tbo*
Dnpme tt. §*m %9y t>n**e*, **mm*4 tbm tP6nm. not T»nsm tm&
t%n yt»1*41*1»* In tbm   bin* et tbt* '<- ** tm ** Tmttf
Monthly T«a—Tb*» regnlar monlhtf
tea of the lA«1ot Aid of Ibe t'ullw!
»„u *.,„ w» -t,***m **, ttm nmam to
••rack | Mrs. Mott and Mra. Daniels at the tnt*
«« dWn «*nn an-4 tl, Colton.
Tbft Old Tliwrs mt no further th»* jm#j WPM^
tnt, where Upence dlod, Wll»»«n »;r«<vk
nl snd Mphardt fouled lo Colinn b^
Mlt4 tb* bai
fn tfce tnt   *1 fb#   ateOtb   1»'*'-ww
••"fl to Urit "i a fv to fifn'or Heit
(ner of ftlrcrtrank A venae ami Oem.
o*ot Ta»*4ay. tbn ITtb.
tnm btlf jMist tlkf*« to alt o clock.   A
**»rlHi    <ial on hi ettenl^l      Ml
Pacific Rvi
VHt   ^ttwtt^^^ommtbmm^m-W    omwym^y W
& RETURN $1.15
f   On tat* ovnrf botwrtny atwi twMfay {
< iMay 9t in OetdamtOtr a intiwalvt? <
irt*+ in *ent*t betd Immtbt 'in fbmnm I '*"'' ■**«•'* ientemt te t'amwr and Mra. $ m^. te «-»,-« ~* **n*w "*--*- «-—■»-	
"nrtmll tm tit* lw*-*fa#*f et Vb* l?#M.!
I et dwiYii asi mmmMajf awawliiR, waa •
j tery tm^yoWm nbatr.   tbn
j ■ v«»! ttmtei tm •« tmhty mtoAM-rn,
' ■* ftri-T* mm* or rtiont im*f twttnrtnen-
WNt-rtrt -fotmotm bttioA, Vtteory
trm* f fn* .faff f f
Rings - - $2.50 up to J350.00
Watches -
Gents Chains -
Leaf Pins
Cuff' Links
French Ivory -
All kinds of Electric Goods, Brunswick Phonographs.
China Dishes, A fine line in Ihe latest designs of Cut
Glass, and Aladdin Lamps.
Take Advantage nf This Ofier       1
1.00 '♦
5.00 "
2.50 "
2.50 "
2.00 «*
.75 •*
.50 •*
1.00 "
.50 **
.50 "
Fernie Optical Parlors
L«t ume(» fbmr tytt


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