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The District Ledger Jul 11, 1919

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VOLUME 1
■ wvyW'
OWNED, CONTROLLED, PUBLISHED BY DISTRIOT 18, U M.W.of A
FERNIE, 8. C, JULY 11th,   1919
Printed By Union Labor
Fernie Is To Celebrate Peace Day
Saturday, July 19ihy With A
Record Breaking Program of Sftorts
The Peace iDay. Celebration Committee for Pernie, Bince the detlnite.announcement has been made that. Saturday, July 19, will be celebratdl the
Umpire over, have displayed remark-
able activity in geting together and
perfecting an organization wliich proposes to pull off THE biggest celebration ever held in Fernie.
Eleven sub-committees have* been
formed to carry out the work in its
different branches with a view to
wards putting on a fitting celebration
and at the same time raising the max-
lum amount of moneys® a nucleus
for the Returned Soldiers iMeinorial
Fund.
Tho committee members are giving
all their work free. There will not even
be a pass to the grounds. There will
be a general admission fee of 25
centa for everyone over fourteen
years of age.
"Details.of the programme are now
being worked up and arrangements
have been, made for extending invitations to all points east, west $nd
south and a record attendance of visitors seems to be assured. Special
effort ia being made to bring large
numbers from Cranbrook and all intermediate points and from as far as
.Blairmore on the. east From the
south visitors are coming from as far
us Eureka, Mont., and efforts are being made to have speoial train service.
The chief attraction will be baseball, football, horse racing and track
events, but in addition there will be
numerous novelty, games and features witli a view to furnishing amuser
ment for all. There will also be a full
program of children's sports. Tlve
refreshment committee have already
announced that they will look after
this branch in a, most satisfactory
manner. So far as the evening program it has been definitely decided
that a grand ball will be held on Saturday evening, but with regard to the
details of this and the possibility of
other evening at'.ractlons definite decision has   not been reached.
Special announcements will be made
during th ecomi;.g week.
TRADE WITH SOVIETS
PROHIBITED BY BANKS
CHICAJGO—Added evidence that the
American government Is determined
to prevent all intercourse with Soviet
Russia is contained in a circular letter just issued by the Continental and
Commercial National Bank of Chicago to all of its,correspondents. This
letter, among other things, quotes the
following order from the Federal Ite-
rerve iBank,, dated June 24:
•Dealings ln foreign exchange or
securities with or for persons in that
part ot Russia now under the control of the so-called Bolshevik government are prohibited."
The letter is accompanied by a notice from its foreign department, quoting the rates paid for foreign money.
Front this lt   appears   that the only
Russian money which this bank ac
cepta is of the pre-war varioty, tho
rate being, for gold, fifty cents per
rouble,   but for paper only ten cents.
ONE BIG UNION IS
SPREADING  TO  6TATE8
(BUTTE, Mont., July 7.—DelegatC8
from labor organizations In Montana
and northwestern states and Canadian provinces, met yesterday and
planned the organization of the One
Big Union, designed to include nil
crafts and  locals of the American
Federation of Labor and independent
labor unions,
Committees were appointed, including a constitutional committee,' which
was instructed to study, the constitution of the One Big Union organization in Canada and report today
with recommendations for the framing of a'-constutltion for themovement
in the I'nited States.
LABOR AND MILITARISM
NOVA SCOTIA MINERS TO BORDEN
They Stand for One Big Organization
of Canadian  Workers.
SYDNEY, N.-S., July 8—That Cape
Breton miners disapprove of the recent amendment to the immigration
act and are not entirely in accord Avith
government pronouncements on the
subject of the right of the workers of
the country to organize to suit themselves, is indicated by the action taken
at a meeting of the executive of the
United Mine Workers, District No 26,
at Glace Bay headquarters yesterday.
The principal action, consisted of a'
formal demand upon Sir Robert Borden for a repeal of the obnoxious
clauses of the Immigration act; the
forwarding of $500 to Winnipeg to assist with the defense of the labor
leaders arrested under the provisions
of that act, and the ser/ing of notice on the Premier that the United
Mine Workers holds itself as entitled
to organize to suit itself and to band
all the workers in Canada Into one
organization, if they see that they are
more effectively served by organising
in that way.
Concerning the repeal of the Immigration act the resolution says:
"District No. 26, United Mino Workers of America, demand the immediate repeal of the amendments recently
made to the Immigration act which resulted in the arrest of the Winnipeg
strikers."
iSir Robert Borden is informed that
"we shall use all our influence fto bring
all the workers in Canada together
into one organization so that they can
take , united action when the opportunity best suits them to use either
their political or individual power to
secure such advantages as they themselves deem just and right, even if
that should mean the annulate over-'
throw of the capitalist class and the
substitution therefor of the absolute
ownership and control of industry by
the working class."
A sensation has been created by tho
publication in the London (England)
Dally Herald of a secret Instruction
to army officers, containing a number
of inquiries to be answered with reference to their troops, including
questions concerning the men's attitude—towards—trade—unionismr—an-d-
also asking whether they would, in
the event of a strike, assist in breaking it,
W. Adamson, iM. P., will ask in the
House whether this document was
issued with the knowledge and approval of the cabinet, and whether early facilities can be given tor a debate on the subject. Certainly, the
riBing tide ot Indignation against the
continuance of conscription and the
Initiation of new wars against -Socialist
governments abroad will not be allayed
by this revelation of the government's
military policy.
Cogitations By The Cobbler
(By The Cobbler)
After looking at the fruitless at-
temptsot tbe British and Australian
Ubor Parties to charge the present
system, which holds labor as any
other commodity on the market and
trades In labor power in the same
manner as It trades In cattle or hogs,
we are led to believe that there is
little to expect from the much-talked
of use of the ballot and so called
Parliamentary action.
it waa much the same in (lermany
previous to nineteen fourteen when a
large number or Socialists were members of the Reichstag. We beard
men arguo that owing to this Tact
there would be no war at least as rar
as (lermany was concerned, but lo
and behold! when the war started we
And thai iflth one or two notable exceptions the so-called socialist mem*
ben roted with the government.
After reviewing wbat baa been accomplished by the ballot and ceneld-
.erlng what are the changes in the position of the employing class owing
largely to tbe introduction of labor
saving machinery we And tbat Ubor
geta a relatively smaller portion of
«bat it now produces than It did
previous to the Introduction of Its
-representatives Into thu parliamentary arena.
In the meantime wbat has labor
accomplished on the Industrial Held?
It has In most cases, through Indus
trial action, shortened tho hours of
labor, bettered the working condition*, and In some eases gained Increases in pay and It ha brought
lia members Into a solidly organised
body which la J«*t new beginning to
reel wit ita own strength In the etra*
gte between It and Its manter,
Nearly all the trials of strength between emanlred labor en the one
hand and ©rganteed enptfnt on the
ether hav* been loeg-drawn out eon-
* tenia la which organised capital has
been Um victor simply because of IU
pew*! tv ********** ttt* amt***4 t«»<» wm-
tpv-l   ntifl Ittt jitwew  fit TrrHTi«,'p*1,,f»fl
after the ewntett was over. Ubor
haa tn the paat lacked the power* of
re*IM««<» while the ems**** ont ««
as well as the power to recuperate
after Ita clone.
tf tn the nnttl Inltrtr hi* hp.»n tnt*W-»
to tn any war materially change the
gygten under whieh It la etptoKed,
either by loag drawn ont straggle In
tta industrial Held, or through It*
western In the m$t*nwt* halls wlhnt
Is to be ita-programme in the futar*
ta aa attempt to noire the problem
eebtmtittm Iff
mo btiloto that It Utonhl arst or-
gsn'tad a« labor wgawiteee or eraW
or industry Into one solid compact
body so that when it again eatew into a trial ef strength on the Held oT
Mostly every poasible effort should
be wmto to paralyte ae nearly as
pflM&Ie every avenue of both pro-
inSno ud dUtrtbatk*. Ita mm-
mtt ifcnnW bo of thnrf. dnrtrtlnn end
no aeon aa the wheel* ol (nduaifr ate
again brmtfttt ap to tho i*ttt otom
mat production another contest should
bn mtntd  to  KU  oily hy tMe
thing but rosy and we foresee strikes
of greater and more far reaching effects than any that have heretofore
taken place. Labor has learned that'
as capital combines so must labor
combine if it wishes to be effective In
tbe industrial field and already labor
Is in preparation for a struggle on the
field of industry that will dwarf the
Winnipeg and its sympathetic stvikes
Into insignificance. '..'..••
Help!
The "Department,of Justice" is uot
handicapped for funds with which to
efcrry on the prosecution of the men
arrested in connection with the Winnipeg strike. There is already an array of legal talent at work on the prosecution and the various raids that
have been carried on are all tor tne
purpose and in the hope of securing
some evidence upon which the charge
pf "undesirables" hw be supported.
It has been almost Impossible to secure a lawyer of attainments in Winnipeg to take up the defense. Influences have been at work. This defense of the men will take a large
sum of money. The Minister of Labor
has already found the men "guilty"
before their trial and he has found a
willing press to circulate all manner
of falsehoods and Inuendos which will
surely influence junirs when it is considered from which class jurors usually are chosen.
There is no denying the fact that
the prisoners have an uphill fight.
They' have the sympathy of the workers and they must also have their
support. In this period of strike it is
not to be expected that the workers
of District 18 will do as well as they
might otherwise have done but THEY
WILL DO SOMETeiNO. The miners
in Nova Scotia have already forwarded Ave hundred dollars to the defence
fund; more will follow from the same
source. The metaliferous! miners of
Trail, Kimberley, Sandon, Silverton,
Jtossland, Nelson, Hedley and other
camps in British Columbia are already collecting sums of money to be
forwarded to Winnipeg. From all
over Canada comes the news that
subscriptions are being taken up and
individual remittances are being made.
District 18 is not in a position to
donate largely as a District but we
know of several individuals who have
already pulled their belts up a notch
tighter and sent a few dollars. All
money should be sent direct to Jamos
Law, Secty. Defence Committee, Room
12, Labor Temple, Winnipeg.
A STORY FROM DRUMHELLER
■ • . ■
Via .Trita,   Via   Tuta—."The   Beaten
Path Is The Safe Path "
At the Drumheller mine on a certain
night now two weeks or more past the
most amusing event of the District
strike took place and this in spite of
the fact that the coal company hns
searchlights on the top of the tipple
and a bunch of pickets to keep tho
"anarchists" and •'Bolsheviki'' from
treading on their sacred private property.
v The company had suspected that for
several nights a Bolshevik had been
tampering with the machinery and
pumps. H. Courder, the pit boss, resolved to capture * tho "dam—aging
destructor." He spent a sleepless
night in the mine, ambushed not far
from the pump and ever on the qui
vivi.
At last the assassin appeared'
Stealthily he came sno.iikinsj down
the slope; flashlight in hand he shipped past the pit boss in blissful ignorance bf tho trap into which he wa3
moving. The villain approaciied the
pump and the pit boss saw the work
of I. W. W. sabotage begin. Swiftly
aud surely the work went on. At last
it was ended and the disciple of Tros-
tky started on the return trip on the
path back to Democracy and Liberty.
But what was that! A missile came
hurtling through the darkness and scored a bulls eye on the "red." Then
ping! bing! bang! biff! the air was
•filled with well directed lumps of conl
thrown yith the speed and .accuracy
of a southpaw,
Safe in his dark .corner tto pit boss
kept up a fusilade. Then came return shots. In tho next half hour at
least a carload of coal must have gone
through the air and bath men became
exhausted. Adam Pray, the master
mechanic, was the first to capitulate
for it was he who had gone to fix tho
pump and whom Courder took for a
Bolshevik. When the first coal struck
Pray he thought he was being attacked, by one of the dangerous men who
have made it necessary, to fill our
fair western country with red c^ted,
gun armed protectors of the weak and
the women. He fought back. Just
how the capitulation came about'wlll
never be known for both men have
sworn a deep, dark oath of secrecy.
Work in Mines Likely  To Resume
Within Week Unless Owners of
Mines and Governments
Continue Quibbling
There are predictions being made
that the strike in,District lii will end
next week. As announced last week
the District ollicers and the policy
committee notified Director of Coal
■Operations Armstrong that as Peace
iiud been signed the old agreement
had expired and they wore prepared
io negotiate another agreement.
Considerable correspondence bus been
carried on which will be published in
iOur next issue. The chief concern of
•(the Director of Coal Operations and
of the Western Coal Operators' Association is regarding the organization with whom tiie agreement is to be
made, the U. -M. W. of A. or the One
Big Union. The government and the
operators are determined that the
Ono Big Union will not bo recognized.
The Director of Coal Operations
has been notified that the agreement
can only be made with District !.»'
U. M, iW. of A., under the charter of
which the miners unions of this District operate and the officers of the
District have been appointed according to the ll. >M. W. of A, constitution.
It is true that the membership have
expressed very forcefully their opinion of the international' but they have
not yet withdrawn, or been expelled,
from that organization or have they
become a part of any other organization.
-..At the time of writing no reply has
been received announcing the willingness of. the operators to negotiate
or the order of the government for
them'.eo to do.
The strike has extended for over
six weeks. Without, a cent of relief,
the men have stood firm. It is needless to deny that many of them have
felt and are feelina; the pinch, the
pinch which tho employers hope- will
make them mom, docile in the future.
On the other hand the. closing down
of the mines has resulted in ■ serious
losses for the other side j'losses" which
could easily have heen averted had it
not been for the   decision    of   The
Saturday, July 19
l By The Cobbler)
Bolshevism, 8edltIon, Treason, Anarchy, Agitation, these are the words
that greets one's eye when ono picks
up the subsidized dally sheets, tt up-
pears as if the Dominion government
is in engaged in an lmmonse propaganda to railroad the men arrested in
connection with the Winnipeg strike
to u term of Imprsonmont, regardless
of whether they are Innocent or guilty.
It would seem as though tho much-
boasted axiom or tbe British of people
being Innocent until they ar.> proven
guilty was a misnomer, snd that the
powers that be are cngagad In a cam.
paigu to influence public opinion previous to the prisoners being brought to
trial.
If the -Minister ot Ubor is really desirous or seeing Justice done and.If be
thinks that It Is at nil necessary to
publish the evidence tbat the so-called
Department of Jusilce has tn submit
iu nn eftori uj vou via ihtt men under
arrest, why, when publishing a letter,
or wlis-t purports to be siuih. why dees
De not give tho public the whelo contents ot the letter?
We all know tbat If we take certain
paragraphs of a letter and give thom
to the public we may create an Itnpres
slon that would not be creatiul if the
whole ot the contents or the letter
were published. This has been done
either by tbe Minister of Ubor or by
tbe press which has led tbe public to
believe that they wer» reading the
verbatim report given out by the Minister. Who U at fault we do not tl preaent know bnt there is no doubt that
tbe trail will bring ono or other Into
more or less prominence before the
public, provided, of course, that the
subsidised press prints the whole of
the evidence offend. Until that time
we bolievo that the public should with-
old any expression ot opinion as to
their guilt or Innocence,
We do know, however, that  the
•*-,■.■.**.-.*•-      tl,*' ■ r,      t   .- —iV .        ..* ,       I.
this matter Is net MtndwHv** in th*\
(nmm. tntarwau ot the community as a
• hole.. If (be government had realised that there waa something fundamentally wrong, if they had proceeded
along the lines ot first finding the
eattM for the etteet tbey might hsve
mm ta a poettioN to presenta a rata*
nty. Tbn Minister of Ubor haa, however, prescribed the medicine before
he has diagnosed the complaint from
Vbirh the victim is suffering and we
bave serious doubts It the cure will
not be worse tban the original complaint from which the victim suffered.
The Ume hse passed whtn the Is-
boring class will peacefully submit lo
Uw tttruufcViU mctluula at yrcscut tiu
ployed by the Dominion government.
It theae aro to be the methods the
only ccmree tor tbo laboring tins* Is
to meat their methods (a kind. If the
government la to nee the methods
mnfhfot hy tbm dartag tt* Winnipeg strike we mott plate mr man la
tht tetttiattve hana,and should we
•oa ttm same methods after attaletng
the powor In a constitutional manner
I tlmt hi new need there conld he no
kick aa the precedent woaM have been
enojed
ONE WHOLE DAY OF SPORT AT FERNIE
Horse Racing, Foot Racing, Baseball and
Games of AU Kinds
Canadian Pacific Railway interests
and tho Great Northern Railway interests that the time had arrived (to
quoto a prominent olllclal of a C. P.
R. subsidiary concern) "to teach
thoso damn miners in the Crow a lesson."
The big Interests have the absolute
co-op6ratlon if both' federal and prft-
vlnical governments, the petty politicians of which will in due season be
telling the workers how they lay
awake nights thinking up .plans to
anioliorate their conditions*) When
Ottawa was approached the department of labor said that all matters of
working conditions, wages, etc, wore
up to tho   government at    Victoria,
Hon. minister of mines Sloan got
within a few hours of Kernie wheu no
decided that such matters wero up to
Otyiwa aud he would come to Ferine
"shortly." The "buck" passed to and
fro, liven Honest John Oliver who
"hates" corporation with a undying
hatred and who would like to seo tho
coal mines in British Columbia kept
at* a high rate of production, so that
his government could collect tbe production royalties, hesitated. He was
visited by certain officials and it was
pointed out to him that he must not
appoint an investigation commission
even if ho.had been assured that the
mere appointment of such a commission would end the strike "within
twenty-four hours." He waa told that
tho miners iu District 18 wero a bad
lot with Bolshevik and Ono Big IJnion
ideas in their heads and tlu/t a long
drawn out strike "might bring them
to their senses." And against this
there cannot be any demur. Such
strikes do help to bring the workers
to their senses. They are coming to
their senses with a rapidity that only
those who study carefully the working of economic laws can understand.
Another factor in the strike has
been the work of International officials. This Is not the time to go Into
this phase of the matter at any
great length. As a meiniiur of Gladstone local expressed it in a recent
meeting. "The triple alliance of the
governments, the operators and the
International labor organisations is a
heavy force to buck."
Tho District Ledger is not prepared
to say when the men will resume
work, That rests in the hands of thc
operators. Tho workers are willing to
negotiate a new agreement and to go
ahead producing coal. Unfortunately
the workers do not own the mines and
must wait until the owners are ready
to allow them to go to work. The C.
P. R. still has a number of heavy
banks of coal and assert that they
"could Btfltul a KJriX-t. iintn-ntfA-w- ;;_
necessary„ The Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company are quite wijllng to seo
the mines at Pernie quit for good and
are already exulting over the cheaper
coal they can produce elsewhere on
the property which cost them less
than two bits an acre. The smaller
mining concerns throughout Alberta
would like to get started right away
but they aro such small fry they cut
Utile figure alongside of the dominating factors la the Western Coal Operators' Association,
Wo will venture no predictions in
regard to the Yuture actions of the
corporations and tbeir good allies the
governments but can only quoto Mr.
Asquith: "Watt and see."
Economic Blockade of Russia
VICTORY QUEEN TO BE CROWNED
See programs and big poster for particulars
All returned soldiers requested tu wear tlieir
uniforms that day
The following addretss by Amoft Tin-
cliot was delivered before an audience
of ton thousand peoplo In Madison
Bqtiaro Gardbn, Now York. I'nder ordinary clrcumHtances an address by
Mr. Pinchot would htivo been given
greater publicity thnn hu« Itenn given
hin wordH in Ix-haif of Rus-hIa:
When 1 vuw u buy I mud lu Ll«-
t'-mitury Magazine of iho horrors that
took placo in old ltuiKl:i*-ihc empire
of the ("stars, i read George Kuiumn's
account of Russian prisonm, Dostoiof-
sky'n "My Hurled Mf<\" And wo watched the ItUfcKlan pioplo through tho
)f»>i<r y-t ;irs of thr-ir |jf«roU* Htrtsutflf" for
liberty. Wp saw how oppression
sought to clot!*' «ui-ry nvomit* of com*
immlcsilou tKtwiiii tftw liborty-lov-
lng groups, how l!!><-rnl pap'-rn w»ro
aostroyed und tho people widowd in n
Hm> nifch w«'b of t'splnimt!**' We
road of tho knaiit, of the brutality ol
th** riotfff, nml bt'T nf H!iv><(- Kim-
I day. When I wus young I wu* taught
I to pray for a IlUMtut revolution,
1 - And later *till we read of tb* htrt
Itm of tbe Rmsi-m people fighting in
ths great war. Hew In somt sectors
of the eastern front thty charged un-
■rrocd, hslt-ttarved, with only elubt
snd scythes and axes tn their bands
against .th« flower of the German
army—snd died by hundreds of thousands for the cause they believed was
the eswe* of democracy. And then
came thi» grtst revolution of let?, and
the heart of ever/ fibertylovfng mnn
innd woman in the werld best h.jH.
j ,\ml oniy in**m wi« tta** t!ti« Uut mi*
Ipioplii k*xo K»tH il<«ri»r priwif* iif thi'tr
■ ts-*»t>4'.)•)-»•«. I.*,!.* ,,t 1ili(-«i**   iuul «!»>• i.i*i-
\r»p,f     Wer when they learned «f the
: tnt^utteuf wv .vmt written in the
j terms of the secret treaties new made
ithe te»i!« nt tht shameful pt?ee et
> **trrt,iiti*n, lh*r ever and nver again
j demanded that the Allies change thote
i-waf aim* ta make tht mm match then*
I democratic prafeesion**. It »«« utrmg-
Watch For Special Announcement In
The Next Few Days
ire nre orfftnited.
Tbe outlook for th* fwar* le sny-
be thrown scornfully iside In ths hour
of victory, Russia could not go on.
Russia was betrayed, even at all
peoples fighting for liberty wars betrayed, by ths secret diplomacy of im-
penaliata and International profitetra.
loday tho Auiorkau pi'opiu oeliovo
In ltussia. Thoy beliovo in the Soviet
U-utornuiwit. And yet thtt Democratic
uiliiiiiiLitiution in bucking that murderous ami fraudulent patcawork of unro-
Itttfd pans which wo cull the Kolehak
government In fighting the Kuasisn
pooplo and starving them by an airtight loud blockado.        *
Tito Sow York 'Globe," wluHlwr accurately or not, intimates that iiiw.tiot)
peoplo n month are bolng starved tu
dcuth by our blockado. Do the American peoplo undurstaiid the vituruiity
of the crimo which wo allow our nov-
crnmoiu »<> participate lu? If wu
Htarv-a io death two or three children
Im h ,-ar.o In '"•;. Jf..Ii V*u„ t ,u* Utu
Amoricran Itofctisu Society would oh-
J«c«. The *\nu, iHpartment and tbe
iHiwnmtm ut Junta* un-n't v«r>
bright. Mut th«*y might objint, too.
It would l<tt a bad buninett*. n might
■folliHi h crwwd or maiui tiun»bo<|y
malc« a opeet-h,
But to starve te death thousands of
Russian children each day—for children are tht first to sicken by the attack of hunger—teems a verv proper
ceurte for a humane and Chrutian
government te take Are they wt the
children of the inhuman   Bolsheviki.'
**m! ■■■■hi. \- th'* nppaY.mt ani aim-
Inn I bio i ,:ade m»!nunwd agalni: I ;*'»,-
WW.iwi i<uK»i«n*? Why, ih« 'only et-
ttt/**-. if aot'.tuiM'iii van gtvo it. mat
wt* ,1,-,,;,,( »i*,-pr.,u:, ,>f -,hi*ir Uttxu ol got-
t-iblurt*i Mint wotMM-b.e iiutHtiiuons
Mr Wil miii ««'rtJiifil) «*ald n«t «i»lm;
. ..-ii ,f t» H,r.< a fuel, that iittt-riirt-Uu.*
.11 IUm-U W|t» tW ll»fr |<UI|tr.n>a ttt Ita liliu* iirtn*!4oviff ffun*f,i frmii govlei mU,
»tn>ii lm has ju*t ■■mute*r*d—Mr. Wil-
««f»  h*.  .■•»*ih"  httfti.**,. *,i„,„9,f...  *9*.it
/|ui<<*>t aoiuit-aertr—in handing ewer M,
,    ,y,t .... ..,»»,   «s>»*•*«h-h** ^nitwit*
.ihi *<j tbf'.r !»> Tciliiar,-  i*u*nu.*-», ih«
JapittttM-
tjui mnn* remarkable than the feet
of our blockading oa acroum of pottt-
i ;,il j*ti,<l fi'ttu.tmu 4*.«'*«'frt«-*«, l'^t,*>—0,-
.-A,.*,. ,*i.,^,„. »..» fttwwt *«i «iw ten at
»ar. i«i govefnmHut't df-fent-* nt its »e-
:,..■„ int a *•*html) +.*vtt* nn thnl
o»i!> :i »iitall minority of these !2e,w«H>,.
mh j.* fijii,** sr«* aithwnts of tbe petit-
jf at and ••-ronomic program «« acrouui
»t whlrh »« art* utarving t*t*m.
xtt ttiurno uiiil»-«*fvr,| Awriea ts
iim « .tf,', «*»4ii' *n«i vim- iiior»»iS« and
tlw nmt ot tbe attemfrt ie pat th# fsar*
' ' '■ -.r •:' h'-S X ;,. ;r,jv* ■ r U*j... -wt Cu*
lean *«!d»#rt in Rtittla '« *„**/« the *i*r; *" ,n* **mty. dmoimdm
-. .- -»—. «t .*. md r.,'„.t «.|«',h<r»i*i"    It   tptmpt   It am Um tmt
the mnttt ie
 , ...  ,je»s ef twtpnr-
^.,-irtf- it* if,,** wttrti* -if* ttn**'.to* *n,fa «sw a» far bs« ta into, wbta he
Latid th* (U-riutn ga.,r:.,W'Ut a^ffT?**1™**,.,'** ySt^J? JjR gg
»H » *tt**1 for thr «Vt» ib* *oi-ro*t\^t tnterteag-kw tomgtnally MM mm
tri'Atii'* ftp.--."!* I Hi,-, f.u f ihaf th" r.o\   in ,h" *'«»hgr«*ss at M* 1-s CtMpnle In
onm^r-H tto* »h* dor.-Uod p*ntf»-*- rtf »****»-•-*» «*d#r t» «*B*h t*» WtOPO
twth att** were llthUtif tet tb* «ai»* \tlam |B p*^mmt a»4 Italy-that  aet
■I ou^ery. awd thm tihtrty   and I******* •w*r22Tt *****ih*'
\erntv mift ire re  tatthwafda. ta l**»* <• * ***• t»»fi»es,
!  f,    ,      .*.t .    ;,..,    ■
I l*»i7. t»»it It ten*, <*'""(*♦ .•*«»!*' mi:
itho Mile*.   Ami in <><'<
ii  . * ■ ^
■<t|T  to
ni:it   Mr   H-.trit
,     **<r''' f- *'S",i-r -  '<•
i«'in**r, rn*'*> in ib» Hfii«- nf <'i»'ttm«ni>
(and *al4* il,<«r«- »iwM »•<» no emit, tunc**
*,-,,    •     *,. ■,    .    •     •-..*. ,.-,    ,„-.*-,f*',
•through th- wnr, rti;-tiT'««- fr-- it nrov
i Idf-al,  a   ilf.;iorr:i'ir ,   r*fn*',oi:u*ritHlii
\po-xeo.   Th- Itui.olan-n **-n-- »*«'ilii»ty; to
\yo on rtfhtmf for l*t»^rt*. f»r«-t»f, ,1 it
, v.t.*i ii» iw i* itt'.ii tf.r »ttw*rij.   i'litt t*»
ilhpy ar*- nom r**dy t« fight    (<n'*<t»-r
, fmr liberty and.  againtt tht Kelchak
,rmv hurtted. ** tl ot"1*i>*it(iri*1. net *v
th* Ln.tett %Utan er lha -pt-epie et ile
- Un't»if ftatee.    hut fcy  • C*r*mnt*t.".
i»nmi»»»»ir»»i«in    that  ont**    m*g* >r
? lean **W*#r* in Put*** 'e ft«*t Ji* th*  "'»•"• "T "«■ mmpmtv.n
jjjjn, m Otwtr et the eld Ctnr.tt m-fa'^ «„£%£*
.*.*.  **%.,   »/,♦   er,-Atii,,       "":,*-..   »*hiri   sr.i'"•"** »•" ntOWOOdt WtV*
»Ofl
»oii*'i wta.ittjy, »iio ii-mi i,*mrty    •«•  "
demeersty wt*e ir.tft cttdvwsfds, toi**** PAGE TWO
THE   DISTRICT   LEDfSER,   FERNIE,.B. C. JULY 11, 1919.
^itii^.mV.'. j. -i.-'-.  ■ (i
Workers « Unite
LOGGERS and CAMP WORKERS
> THIS MEANS YOU
JOIN THE
B. C. LOGGERS UNION
61 CORDOVA ST. W., VANCOUVER, B. C.
DO IT NOW
ONE BIG INDUSTRIAL UNION POR ALL OAMP WORKERS
Loggers of the Interior Country Take Notice
The Loggers of the Coast Districts have formed an organization known as the B. C; Loggers' Union, industrial in its
scope, comprising all workers in the lumber industry, and con-;
struetion camps, affiliated with the Vancouver Trades ancj
Labor Council and the B. C. Federation of Labor.
We invite all Loggers in the interior to join hands with us
in a united efl*ort to better our conditions, which can only be
done in this manner.
Organizers are now on the road and will pay you a visit
in the near future.
So get ready!
For further information communicate with E. Winch, secretary-treasurer, 61 Cordova St. W.
VANCOUVER, B. C„     « PHONE SEYMOUR 7856
[(ffftf ntfmTii^^niiiPnflii'^miinniiifiTi
COAL MINERS, ATTENTION
„$2.60 per month provides you against any accident and
every sickness, and pays $40.00 a month from the day you are
laid up.
Particulars from  ;
THE B. WINNETT INSURANCE AGENCIES,
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. Fernie, B. C.
Claims promptly adjusted from this office
TRADES UNIONISTS OF CANADA
STOP!  READ!  THINK!
-====WHAT=IS=THE-USE=0^====
INCREASED WAGES
If the Manufacturer, Wholesaler, and Retailer are to add to the increased wage cost, their
usual percentage of profit, and compel you to
buy back the commodities you produce with
with three scales of excess-Profit added?
Protect Wage Values
by organizing Co-operative distribution and ulti
mately Co-operative production of the merchandise for which your wages are exchanged.
Copyright by
Prank A. Munsey Co.
CHAPTER  XVI.
A Strang* Meeting.
SOMETIMES lolling upon Tantofs
back, sometimes roaming the jungle in solitude, Korak made -bis
way slowly toward tbe west and south.
He made but a few miles a day, for
lie had a whole lifetime before him and
no place in particular to go. Possibly
be would bave moved more rapidly but
for tbe thought wbleb continually
haunted him that each mile he traversed carried him farther and farther
away from Meriem—no longer his Merl.
em, as of yore, It is true, but still as
dear to him as ever.
Thus he came upon the trail of the
sheik's band as it traveled down river
from the point where the sheik had
captured Meriem to its own stockaded
village. Suddenly he came to the camp
of the renegade Swede Malblhn, whose
black attendants fled ih terror at sight i
of Tantor and Korak.
Malblhn lay ia a hammock beneath
a canopy before bis tent   His wounds
were painful, and be had lost much j
blood.   He was very weak.   He looked *
up in surprise as he beard the screams ;
of his men and saw them running to*.)'.
ward the gate. j
And then from around the corner of
hia tent loomed a huge bulk, and Tan'
tor, tbe great tusker, towered above j
him. " j
Malblhn's boy, feeling neither affec- |
tion nor loyalty for bis master, broke
and ran at the flrst glimpse of the ;
beast, and Maibihn was left alone and '
helpless.    The   elephant   stopped   a
couple of paces from  the  wounded
man's  hammock.   Malblhn  cowered,
moaning.   He was too weak to escape.
He could only lie tbere witb staring
eyes, gazing in horror into the blood
rimmed, angry little orbs fixed upon
him, and await his death. !
Then, to his astonishment, a man 1
slid to the ground from the elephant's
back.   Almost at once Malblhn recog-
nlzed the strange figure aa that of the
neeis, ana men snenny crossed tne
space to the rugs that partitioned the
tent into, two rooms. Parting the!
hangings, Meriem looked into the front!
room.   It, too, was deserted. !
She crossed to the door of tbe tent
and looked out Then she gave a little
gasp of horror. Baynes at her shoulder looked past her to the sight that
had startled her, and he, to», exclaimed, but his was an oath of anger.
A hundred feet away they saw Korak bound to a stake, tbe brush piled
about him already alight The Englishman pushed Meriem to one side
and started on a run for the doomed
man. What he could do in the face of
scores of hostile blacks and Arabs he
did not stop to consider.
At the same instant Tantor broke
through the palisade and charged the
group. In the face of the maddened
beast the crowd turned and fled, carrying Baynes backward with them.
Tantor wrapped his trunk about the
body of Korak and the stake to which
it was bound and tore it from the
ground. Lifting his burden high above
his bead, the giant beast wheeled and
raced for the breach lie had just made
ln the palisade. The sheik, rifle In
band, rushed directly in the path ot
tbe maddened brute. He raised his
weapon and fired once. The bullet
missed its mark, and Tantor was upon
him, crushing bim beneath bis gigantic
feet as ho raced over blm. And then;
bearing his burden carefully, Tantor,'
the elephant entered the blackness of
the jungle.
In a moment it was all over, and tbe
elephant  had  disappeared   with   his
prize,    but    pandemonium    reigned
throughout tie village.   Men, women
and children  ran  belter skelter for
safety.  Curs fled, yelping.  The horses
and camels and donkeys, terrorized by
the   trumpeting   of   the   pachyderm,
kicked and pulled at their tethers.
A dozen or more broke loose, and it
my rope,    wnn It you can scale tne   was the galloping of these past him
wall and make your escape." ! that   brought   a   sudden   idea   into
"But you, Korak?" cried Meriem.      j Baynes' head.    He turned to search
"I will remain," replied the ape man.  for Meriem, only to And her at his el«
"I have business with the sheik." ! bow.
Meriem would bave demurred, but     «rhe horsesi" he cried.   "If we can
the Killer seized them both by the  get a couple of them!"
shoulders and hustled them through     Filled with the idea, Meriem led bim
iJtocetrueu as rar as rt is going, Kir
Thomas thinks that yachting will not
only revive but that it will be on a
larger scale, as regards small boats,
thaii ever before, While the British
have ever been a seafaring people,
they have heen made more so by the
demands of the enormous number-of
men to operate not only the ordinary
fighting ships but the prodigious
fleets of lesser craft which did scouting, patrolling, mine-laying and
similar jobs and inured their crews
to the sea in all sorts of weather.
Sir Thomas Lipton is one of the
oddest mixtures of brains and
blarney that ever came prominently
before the public, He is a survivor
of that school of extraordinarily
shrewd Irish-bred merchants, who at
one time were 4he backbone of the
commercial world, Noawdays, when
an-Irish name on a great mercantile
establishment is almost a curiosity,
the public is".prone to forget that
originally the Irish were omnipresent traders, from push-cart peddlers
to founders of huge department
stores.
To Canadians Sir.Thomas Lipton is
known as a percnninl and irrepressible challenger for the America
Cup, the historic prize in international yachting.    In all  English-
Her Heart Leaped In Pride and Jay.
"Korak!" ehe cried.
FERNIE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY, LTD,
Incorporated 1907
m:
j
Tony Derico
Communicate At Once With
NORTH AMERICAN COLLIERIES, LTD.,
809 McLeod Building, Edmonton, Alta*
■a
i
the silt wall and out Into the shadows
beyond.
"Now run for it," he admonished
and turned to meet and hold those who
were pouring into the tent from the
front.
The ape man fought well, fought as
he had never fought before, but the
odds were too great for victory, though
be won that which be most craved—
time for the Englishman to escape with
Meriem. Tben he was overwhelmed
by numbers, and a tew minutes later,
bound and guarded, he was carried to
the sheik's tent
The old man eyed blm in silence for
a long time. He was trying to fix In
his own mind some form of torture
that would gratify his rage and hatred
■WwaTa™tiiilTreaOT
been the means of bis losing possession
ef Meriem.
And as he sat there looking upon
Korak the silence was broken by tbe
trumpeting of an elephant in the Jungle
beyond the palisade. A half smile
touched Korak's tips. He turned his
head a trifle in the direction from
which the sound had come, and then
there broke from his Ups a low, weird
calL
One of the blacks guarding him
struck him across the mouth with the
haft of his spear, but none there knew
the significance of his cry.
In the jungle Tantor cocked bis ean
as tbe sound of Korak's voice fell opon
them. He approached the palisade and,
lifting his trunk above It, sniffed.
Tben be placed his head against the
wooden logs ud pushed, but the palisade was strong aad gave only a little
to tbe pressor*
In tbe sheik's tent tho sheik rose at
last and, pointing toward tbe bound
captive, turned to one of bis Ueuten-
"Bom blm.'* be commanded, "at oacel
Tbt stake Is set"
e      e       •      •       e      e      a
Meriem, dated by the unexpected
light of Korak, whom sbe bad long
no oat In tight dots by, nnd Korak gins op at dead, permitted herself to
draw blmstlf to tbt top and dropped be ltd away by Baynes. Among tbt'
lightly to tbt poind within tba In-■ teats bt guided ber tsfely lo the pall-
closure. j Mde, and tbtre, following Korak's la-
Then bt commenced bla stealthy structlons, tbe Englishman pitched a
otaieb of tbt village. Pint toward tbt Boost ovtr tbt top of ono of tbt up-
Arab tents bt madt bit way, mining right logs tbat formed tbt barrier,
and listening Bt passed behind thtm,  Witb difficulty bt readied tbt top and
to the far end of the village.
"Loosen two off them," she said,
"and tend them back into the shadows
behind those huts. I know where there
creature who consorted with apes and
baboons—the white warrior of the jungle.  Maibihn cowered still lower.
It was from Malblhn's dying lips
that Korak learned of tbe Swede's encounter with Baynes and how Meriem
was again In the camp of the ahlek.
Korak lost no time in seeking her.
When speed was required Korak de.
pended upon no other muscles tban his
own, and so lt was tbat the moment
Tantor had landed blm safely opon the
same side of the river as lay the vll-
lage of tbe sheik tbe ape man deserted
his bulky comrade and took to tbt
trees In a rapid race toward tho sooth
and the spot where the Swede bad
told blm Meriem might be.
It was dark wben he came to tbt
palisade, strengthened considerably
since tbt day tbat he had rescued Meri.
tm from ber pitiful Uft within Its cruel
confines. No longer did tht giant tret
spread Itt branches above tbt wooden
rampart, bnt ordinary man madt dt>
ftnstt wtrt scares considered obstacles by Korak,
Looming tbt rope at bis waist, bt
totted tbt nooee over ont of tbt sharp*
tatd posts tbat composed tbt palisade.
A moment later Ms* eyes were above
tbt level of the obstacle, taking in all
within tbelr range beyond. Tbere waa
Silt THOMAS MPTOX..
speaking countries lie-is* also known
as probably the largest food dealer
in tiie world. And lie is a self-made
man, who was in his youth a boy
employed in the mines of the United
States, although he was born in
Glasgow. Scotland, on May 10, 1950,
of Irish parentage.
lie returned to Great Britain and
by a rare combination of brains,
Irish blarney and Scotch shrewdness,
built up his chain of stores 'that
stretch around the globe.
Sir Thomas has a head for thinking. He gives the impression ..that his
l second  thoughts are  bes
ataitblng for tomt sign ot Marlon.
Not even tbt wOd Arab con beard bla
passage, ao riltntly bt wtnb-a shadow
panl&g through shadows.
Naked bnt for bla ieoptrd skin aad
BBS
3
snmwmwoBmm a.
E.   PICK
fole Aftnl for tbt Past for
Lethbridge Brewery Products]
Ita* VVboUtaate Vtire* U* »bi» Trade
OIT  O0B  PRICE!  ON  ALL  TEMPERANCE   DRINK* j
lun-Notch Price* k'aul fur IMtfe*
m ntm •"**• »«wu ***»••
Tantor Wrapped Hts Trunk About tho
Body ef Korak.
are saddles. I will bring tbem and tht
bridles," and before be could stop ber
she was gone.
Baynes quickly untied two of tbt
frightened animals and led tbem to tbo
point designated by Meriem. Dere ho
waited Impatiently for what seemed an
boor, bot was ln reaUty but a few
minutes. Tben bt saw tht girl approaching beneath the burden of two
Quickly tbey placed these upon tbt
horses. Tbey could see by tbe Ught of
tbt torture Art tbst stlU boned tbat
tbt blacks and Arabs wtrt recovering
from their panic. Men wtrt tunning
•boot gathering to tbo loose stock, aad
two or three wtrt already leading
tbelr captives back to tbe tnd of tba
village where Mtrltm and Baynoe were
busy with tbt trappings af tbtir
mounts.
Now tha glri flong btntlf lato tbt
saddle.
"Horryr tbt whispered. "Wt shaU
have to ran for tt RW« through tht
gap tbat tbt elephant made. " And aa
tba taw Baynes swing his leg over
mo^m  nmmw ^a  o^m   -aaw   aaa^a w^w  mo^ot  mmmom^m   omtmt
reins frat ova btr motmfs nock. Wtth
»lmn tba atrvoot beast leaped tot*
tbrtogb tlw ewtar of tba vttisga, aad
Uda Morten took. Bayatt was data
behind htr, thtlr borate raaalag at fan
head Indicates that,   There is a b.ulger7T41nra»ht^tJreni-:
Late George W. Russell,
A Prince cf Anecdotists
Stories of Famous Men
HE late George W. B. Russell
was known in Britain as a
prince of anecdotists," In
one book he recalls the
Duk^ of Wellington saying that he
had "been much exposed to
authors"; all his long life Russell
was much exposed to the great men
of a time and society rich in them,
and employed1 his opportunity well.
When James Payn was dying he used
to visit him to retell amusing stories
characteristic of those he had met,
and the veteran journalist advised
him to make a book of them. "Col- .
lections and Recollections," of 1898,
was followed by a long list of titles.
In his last volume Russell entertainingly proved that he had been acquainted with every Premier since
his uncle, Lord John Russell. Writers
of anecdotal memoirs, autobiographies, and diaries have abounded
in England for a long time past.
Poets from Moore to Austin, statesmen from Greville to Lucy, generals,,
journalists, schoolmen, clerics; have
left ub long shelves interesting chiefly for anecdotes of the personages of
the day. Of those who founded their
tame on Virgilium tantum vidi, none
deserved it more than Russell.
A good story is its own excuse for
being. But one service of writers
like Russell is that they give us an
intimate, informal view ot characters
who otherwise would be seen only
as on dress parade. Anecdotists like
J. R. Pianche, William Jerdan, William Harness, Thomas Ralkes,
A. J. O. Hare, offer biographers
stones which thfcy can polish into
Illuminating jewels. We know that
Lord Shaftesbury was a philanthropic reformer and the soul- of
practicality; Russell illustrates it in
telling how Shaftesbury replied to a
Whltechapel clergyman who, when
asked about relieving some starving
children, said: "My God will supply
their needs"; "Yes, so Ho will, but
they must bave some food directly."
It is a glimpse of the real Browning
one boresome guest with endless
questions, Browning disengaged
himself by finally exclaiming: "But,
my dear fellow, this is too bad; I
am monopolizing you." The story
is illuminating of Bishop ThorOld's
rep|y to a pertinacious pastor who
badgered him for leave to visit the
Holy Land: Dear Blank: Go to
Jericho. Yours, H. W. T." We can
better credit Strachey's recent portrait of Cardinal Manning when we
read how, after Newman's death,
Russell asked Manning as to the
truth of some recent harsh articles
on the divine.  "He replied that hb
lo sodden aad Impetuous their dub
lir liberty that tt carried thtai half
Th* MU*nn l!«t#1
Wn'rmori*.  MWrt*
1 -t.   1:1 l'i'. t: !.•«.•'.t.S::t±U.:t..t.:.Jl3.
-,..*u*.ua' il. JBiMJisimam
m
om
omttmnmAmMmmthWMm
thtn lowered bis band to assist Ua>
riem to his aid*,
"Com*" ba whispered.   "Wt moat
hurry."
Aad tban, as thoogb sba bad await.
, bit Iola doth, Korak tbo Killer ttoak tatd from a sleep. Mtrltm eamt to
Into tht sbadows at tho back of tho btraelt   Back there, lighting ber an*
teat, wbtrt Ua ktaa tctat told hia idee alone, waa Konb-ber Korakl
Utritm nm,  an sharp kalfa tilt • Btr place waa by hia Uda, fighting
rt* feot opening ta tbe teat wall, ead  with Ua snd for him.
Korak,   taU   and   mighty,   *>rang    the glanced op at Barnes,
through upoa tht astonished vlaloas of    "Oor aha called.  "Make yoar way
thslaaatea. back to Bwana nd bring btfe   Ily
Merita mm aad rtcagalstd hia tho P*«o to htr« Too caa de ao good to*
lattaat that bt entered tbo aptrtaoni malalnf Get a way while yoo csn and
Btr heart leaped te pride aad lay al Wag tho Mg Bwana back with yoa."
tho tight of tho noble flgnw for which    f ttratty tbo Doa Morison Baynoi  way acme tho HOigo boforo tbo wr.
tt had baagorad ao loag, . OBd to tbt ground Inside tbe ptlladt prised leaabftaats wtrt aware of wbat
*Karakr iho cried. to Merita'o tide. , waa happtatag. That aa Arab nwog
"MerieaP Ba ottered tbo rtagW "it waa tmly tot yoa tbst I lift him." atawl thoa aad, with a try nt alan*
wordtsbtbaritlhlaattf*pt*tbtle> ho oaM, nodding toward tho toots thoy raised his ride and fired,
mates tf tho taut. Ihioe tmiaa bad Jest kfl "I know that ht could Tho that wat a signal tot n volley,
leaped Area thoir tlistitg seat* held thaa loagw thaa I aad giro ttm tad aald tht rattle of aasketry Meet-
eeraaatag, Merita tried to prartal • eheaoe to toeapo tbat I nlgbt not bt »m and Borneo leaped thtlr Hying
thaa frta escaping, bat beforo oho »Me to havo glvea you, It was I, tmmmtn through tbe breath U* thn pni*
eonM snecetd tbt terrified Micks had though, wbo should bave remained, I l»n<fo ami were gone up the woll worn
daitod thra*b tbo holt hi tho tssd hard yot can hia Korak, aad ao r tun toward tt»« worth.
V* '•**••*•■ % ^ %. * t-,bt i
bb^jm A^^k*-^^ dat  a^aa A Ajttdtdh -mttrnt ^m^^m     ***■■*       ■  **•***» * *«« „
fnnn UPtrntnltyr ftm-tuft iW vtitoum      '    ** '*** **"* '*?* fT '** 'A****** ,„   t
Korak tora«> to«*« Umm. aad  *> «^ yrorattha tba ataada af; (T* he fouling
mtibnnnma mme^kkaat.^** n-t-n oia.  aaai a wo vwtft aaaaoooL l _.-.._.. _o--———
tmw wmw ^m^*m «w*.^>» m ^^mmj «^a **■»•        tWnn-t   Oat*  MBfaJ  %dmV*   -»ltoM«l ■
tmmm^    aaia   *ww»*MWP   -mbmoto      ^wtmmmo^mwmt i
, VtritoL ' »o mmo»»»»»H»»»»»»»»»»
1  Tbt utatamtnt brought Btyaa to a
m taocaaaa at mm
"Madatar arte* the tM.
ser nwaa nayaaa, w*%
If To* Waal tbt BETT ta Maatt ftaM or Oan oa
Am Moat Mas
Ct# Ttl-nrtt**  1 "Wint*   *|\»*»-
■9 ***       **  .M.'*..-.*.*» „     %i   If *.   < .    *    i
to his forehead, well abov^ tlie eyebrows, and there is a development
of the muscles of tho forehead, whitSli
are tokens that while his Irish parentage may make him impulsive, hts
mental processes tend to keep the
Impulsiveness in check and cause him
to weigh a problem carefully if given
Butlloient time. His experience in
challenging for the America Cup this
yenr exactly Justifies that conclusion,
and ito. (old the story himself. Said
ho:
"When the armistice became an
assured thing and it seemed (hat the
world would seti'e down'to peace, I
thought (hp occasion tlp^ to revive
tin*'Challenge for lite America Cup.
Th© official challenge waa already
over here, having been delivered before the wnr in 1914. There would
liuve been eight or nine months or
mure before (he race wtis held, and
I thuiighi that would lie time enough
for peace conditiona (o return.
"The American yachtsmen Uld not
think that a raco In 1910 was dealr.
aMe. Since discussing the matter
with them I -accept their view* entirely and um convinced that they
wove entirely light and tlmt I waa
too precipitate. The negotiation!) for
n iWinHe jience Imve heen indefinitely
prolonged,th« economic read Just ment
bin been a slew and d Mini It process
ar<t tlie return of the goldiera and
placing them In employment will occupy the public mind for many
moii'lm. | am now uiad that (lie nice
linn beeu postponed for at lentt an-
otl-or year."
llm ins aro rwiulrwl to mnki» a man
open to conviction, Sir Thomas has
brains.
, Kvery Interviewer who haa met
Sir Thomas Upton lately haa noted
that he Ima affected to a prof ound
degree hy the horrors of the war.
il    In   i<,.|niM>lbi*H   iu   ittilu Mitt   »li"
mor*1 limit a few minute* without
«hi» ennvi'inatlon mwltchlnR around to
thc Rtithi throughout Urait Britain
of men who hav* lent limNi or eym
ar both, or have wilierwliv bwn
aiaimc»l <ml handlcapp^ or Incapatl-
tat-ml by the war. It I* deeply to be
re^rctt-wl that the p<oph» of tli*
l'nlt«Hl maim who are prom lo «1l»-
*ni*n thn pence propumito an ntete
wwdeiuic autetious, bt-mtm they
know nothliu or the actual horrors
of war, n* evidenced In tlmat Britain
anrt t'ran*'-?. «lo not ail hat* an op*
f*}t«atty t# talk tn Sir Thftims* aad
b* pnIM off their pitiful perche*.
Kicking of the HV.vt of thp war
upon n»xM*» 9*o*t*ttf, §n tbwomn
tnii:
"The li«-«*> iirtoiiin »uil oihir
tan*** upon ibt ttitgo loixuno* uhlrh
ftii-itieil> otipportHl ^.!|«lng ia<*ht*
*ill lutuuitlly t«u4 tu il.»t»^iio iLul
form of npnrt. fo miy nnthfiif nfmuf
ibe ir«iiii>nrton« i-amcM* fa wat***
tt*.n m*f* nf rtfit «ni* W-hfw f*»«t»»r»
i in ik# iipfe«ea nt imttin
*. ',** ,t,,.,',:,   .*'^t,ti      ,,, i,   -tl   i^,, ,.^*,..*»n*
"-11! li, laird till -tm b. ,tuu*i1lJ5*.
K<iiIna n park of bounds and too*
um>»*-!« iiuo** ettttmo *t*ymml**t hma'i*-
niMtt to tout the war. M'»> min were
eniplnyed. dnmagen do *c to !urm»r«
writer must have had a very un*
enviable mind, etc.; and then, after
a moment's pause, he added, 'Bat if
you ask me if they are like poor
Newman, I am bound to aay — a
photograph.' " Tbe principal touch*
stone differentiating a good anecdote
trom vulgar gossip ts truth to fact.
The motive also must bo regarded;
there aro not only mallciops anecdotes, but the tuft-hunter's anecdotes, retailed to prove an intimacy
witb the great.
Anecdotists who take their craft
seriously may well contribute to social history, as Pepya unconsciously
and Greville consciously did. Russell
had a careful regard to the Illustration of traits of his time, and developed in his essays a commentary
upon the social, political, religious,
and intellectual tendenclea ot the
last half century that cannot be
neglected In looking tor Information
on theae topics. For tho anecdotal
essayist Uke itussell every current
movement Is a glorious show. The
woman-suffrage struggle waa simply a pageant which present ed many
piclureHQue facta and episodes to
the curious neutral; and yet Russell
helped define public opinion. He In*
kUted that British society—In both
broad and narrow luoauluua ot the
word — had changed Infinitely for
thc better In bin time. Tho Shore-
ditch woman who. being asked at a
honpllal by the surgeon what animal
had given her a bile larger than a
dog's and smaller than a horse's, replied, "No animal, air — another
lydy," Is less common than once. A
royal scion would not now delight to
PuhIi a lady Into a pond. In that
briskly democratic days.thero can
no longer exlit such Imperturbably
dignified servants as the butler wbo,
when tbe eldest son of aa art tall
over the front staircase Into the ball
Mow, and the youngvr son called
down to ask If he were hurt, replied
Inatantly. with sura knowledge ot
the devolution of titles, "KUted, my
lord." Kngland could hardly show
to-day th* snobbery tbat produced
llarcourt's capital aside, as he
listened to Hlr Kalnaid KaelgbUy
cipfttlailng at dlnni* on hts glorious
lineage:
And   Knelgbtly,   to   tbo  llsteatag
earth.
Repeats lhe story of hts birth.
Ittiwieil fnrntahre a multitude of II*
lustrations of the eliangee ht gladly
traced to the Kvaagolkal moveaeat,
enp'tUr -Mi-»*»«t«*B, and gwat r*-
(orm-wrs,
Th« twra an^dotttt Is far rarer
#v«a than ihe bora 4laa«***tahtt
ra-tmumr The latter may ba aa*
tinted try mpanntr* grntsltty, tnfee*
tloaa good humor, or other peraaaal
tvu.it, nei m* my by tlm wive. Th*
former matt submit to all lha tta*
1   |rt»« ••(Mew    tt*    «««*•«*#    ««4*M4»    «»*•    *********
\ fendi**** h* *eld ftrtvt nnd Infm* «f
I tlmo.    Hnaoetl apofe of bit
doing*" as If age and aaglrittiw 1
»#«NjiMI for tb* art; Hi* mmt lafelK
BEN80N
Dealer in
Fitali aat Ciunti U**U, Fkk   Poultry.   Bnltar,  Sfp,  Bla.
Delivery Prompt . Ptietm Samo to All
them IO L<trt,et ot ith Aft. and Victoria St
Btairaartu Alharta
tHHHBHHHMMHHMHMIM
Kerab «naad aad laakod al tho
Bo had beta aha* to toka Hoo
****** •J2"BS STSTiSrSS; 2JS HZ I FiC|i Atw,< i**1 RiC n«
Uhahtaal wlB do ay boot ba f
fmgttfai ot il
troM
la bad Sean bnt. Thea th*
tbt mm lagfchaaa m
tmt bt bad wttaeaasd la tba UOa
•wt wtn go together.- npMl Ma> Ioeoooo»ooe«c6et^<K>;-x-t^e^»
unrty   me  nt  th*   u*m*   will   b*
dtmW.*d in ront.
**f*rtt«il»r aports, sttth as football,
A* ABetici ijr 1h. War l*£&L^3S?Jgg&
ttm "Oeaor Aad aha lot Iio vir
bah toward tha twit to wbkh thoy
t^^^m |^kjft |^^^d^ IV^HMkb
As thay *eat they were ofka breed
fo ttoww tfctaatra* tt Um fmwtjm
wtttmit oim*^m^bmn-^m^m m^t* mn i^Ht mmt ^o^omo o>^^w J^^^a^pww
S"
iMa good taate naontwt&y t
tbat drags nothing la by tho beats,
tabra wn 1t*h**nt*m nnd mwrwr rwm Ht*
to dwaeso. Abovo alt, wo aaa at*
air* la a Rattetl his aeaaryt *hB«
aaat aoa lad It hard to rotaB a
doae* good aoriaa, ho
baadrtito froa oblivion*
ijuusni
Subscribe to Tho District lodpr
ward tmtm wbo bad team yot i» lerek'sJratfe hedaed*
tiatl h-in van thntf t*l *oi-
rtm abo«( ih» labor eltailloa.    fit
^^ ay a aoo nosww., p^i^s ii wtmld he mprntdM* to
aw STSi mm mmomhtimoi talo . *** •*f,r'*''r*' !Wf*'! **1W "*•'*•* **•
StiVi?r»!*rSt^?Tk?r^T''^   'mm*nnrirn* '****"••*f*******ma"
ttm moot p tbo om mm,*"* (or r**hi* ar* ****>*h tabttmm.
pire bas ti*.*ome largfty an outdoor
•.,««..«   . ,»«*av    ,i«. i •a**'*, hot tb# tports which otttntd-      mmt all al oar aflltary tseaa
in*h baronet aai yachts- Mt»Hr maiateaaa<* vlll a*«*M-f«riiy t»   thaWotaaaa. Tltae iatgaatloot aro
.***,,#     *nj* '*-,,:,--,*h-,mt — h*,* " m-tinn*** aarabal,. teocral **ttm*t, ma,jr,*, mr*.
':    f» thM tmoentm it it, m*v*-*itw   tol»' adMiuuH, ooraet, MartoaaM, oa-
i to aoi# that tb* high caa of mymrt   tm. odktr, atrgouM^* corporal aad
* Is Iwafaalna t*» t«mb tb* p**rb*4m ot   tmmmw.   The  Military  tcras  aio
' lb* mmmm *• wet! m nt fife* yarftf**   oletet   aaatstvn,  <r*aeb,  factMo,
■mo »a4 haaum«*&. ■&!» nt tbo tmm   toottSb. hnaaioa, asaaalt. aaluli,
,: pnmiatmt nt th* British pirettmtemat I laaagaiat, -Mloaa. baUory. tail*
i twmbtAt iflot* bm airaMy ratad ilw , ***mo. hataUai, btalaidaaii, ro-
. ^m U v.i**m-iX *iUIi.;ii.>..» UM* nkaf * coiiBotiaaaftit, umltiUa, urns. i*nJ*-
•aaa to a thtittag, a wfli do ao fo i PHWr omotmt, mwtmof* tttmttft
il:-n<ar tntutn. ^mlTms, artlrr. rnfkntrr, vtrtoateer.
 , #,„_™.,._ at.  Tha* are la straag toatraa to
Ikt not tons*, neatly al tf wMtfc aro
' n^^^^^ mb^^ ^^^^ ^m m^^ t
ta Ua taat |aad g*ham#n mwvhiyt, with a run
<ttm.   1t» at tot*, nre a-H* on many toatamtwe
| to dear fit-gar astro* woek,
tw Brfilsb amy dteaohmata*
J2 jStt HOUDINI tt tht Of»di»»" THE   DISTRICT  LEDGER,   FERNIE,.B. C. JULY 11, 1919.
PA&E THBSB
Owned, controlled and Published by District 18, United Mine
Workers of America. Subscrip-
Advertising rates on application,
tion price $1.25 a year in advance.
Thoroughly equipped for high-
class job printing of every description.
Phone No. 9 P. 0. Box 380
VICTORY BONDS AS AN
ANTIDOTE TO BOLSHEVISM
There is some norry at Ottawa rewarding the coming issue of Victory
Bonds. The worry centers around how
the campaign of advertising is to bo
conducted now that tho excitement of
war time has passed. AYith the previous issues strong and successful attempts were made to dispose of the
bonds of small denominations among
the workers. When Sir Thomas White
went to \yashington over two years
ngo and looked into thd plans of the
ilnnnciers across the bordor he wnB
much impressed with tho ■" Liberty
Loan" idea, for it was shown to hini
that "If wo can only get a big body of
the workers to invest in tho bonds it
will have a great effeqt in preventing
industrial- unrest after the war."
Tho sale of Victory, Bonds in Cana.
da was a great success. Thousands
upon thousands of workers invested in
the smaller denominations and many
wealthy people withdrew capital rrom
industry and invested in thi non-t.x-
able bonds. D'iriiic; the past three
months there hive' been many sales
of the smaller bonds and brokers are
doing quite a business In tha transfer
The increasing cost of living, broken
work periods and other causes have
led to many of the workers having to
relinquish their hold on the bonds in
which thej" had invested their savings
and these bonds, just as naturally as
wnter seeks its level, have been flowing into the hands of those who control the great wealth of the country.
Sir Thomas White's hope that the-)
sale of the bonds among the workers
would prevent industrial unrest has
been only partially realized.
The first seltng of bonds and war
stamp9 did not call for any advertising regarding the eflicacy of this form
of finance in the prevention of indus-
trail unrest but in more recent ads we
find:
"Tho best antidote against Bolshevism is to he found in thfe popularizing of the 'get-a-stake-in-Canada' movement"
The alleged "Bolshevists" in Canada are not objecting to the issuing
of Victory or any other klqd of bonds
but there Is an opposition developing
among the politicians themselves and
It will be f<>und that the Liberal press
will be doing considerable "knocking"
-a^lastH^s^ferm-^f-ftnancing-unlessi
tho financial powor uses an effective
muzzle. As an instance of what
might he expected we clip from Hansard, which is the verbatim record
or parliamentary talk at Ottawa, the
following: ,
(Dr.M. Clark, M. P.. in House of
Commons. Juno 12,1919)
I have hoard a great deal of extravagant praise given to the Victory Loans, and I understand we
are ta have another domestic loan
floated.  It ls well for us to understand economically what a domestic loan is. how It operates. These
loans are bought and'owned, necessarily, mostly, by the wealthy
people of the country, because you
do not get them unless you have
the money to pay for thom. They
are owned tree ot taxation: they
are bought by the wealthy who
made millions In the war; and the
Interest upon them will, we have
been nMured, by the minister of
nuance be extended over a largo
number of future years upon the
devoted heads of the rank and tile
of the people of this country, tf
you continue to raise your revenue by a tariff.   Therefore,   the
loans being owned by the wealthy, the Intereat will be pald.flrst
by every roturnod soldier and his
wife anfl family upon clothes he
wear* and the boots and the socks
which his family wear; second, by
thn rank of labor;   third, by tbe
farmers: and fourth, by tho goner-
al consuming public of the country.     Under those   condition*. I
have uo hesitation tn saying that
I am not a live and a b-tlf per rent
partrtot myself. There ts no pat
rlotlsra In those loans and while
that It a very strong autotnent
ta make, many tbat have bought
them say:    We do not profess to
be patriot* In buying upon tho credit of the Dominion ot Canada at
dvt and a half   per cent,;   you
could   not   get a better flnsnclal
Investment upon tbe surface of
the world.   That Is bow I view
these loans and that Is why I emphatically endorse the advice of
the hon, member for Bronte wben
he says stop borrowing.
Since Dr  Clark i«»d» bis speech,
in fact within tbe pa»t few day*i, we
bave tbe Information through  3.   V.
Morgan Company's efflce la Xew York
that a group of United Urates bankers
bave taken up the latest Uiue of t'sn-
adtan bonds, a matter of tome nmmV) -
Ave million dollars.  These bends are
looked upon as a good investment and
Canada wtll bave to om tbat the interest is  kept  paid   ap and the bond*
themselves Anally redeewwd. teveaty-
Bve tamtam hi a mere bagatelle caa-
pared wttb tba sum total  of tbe pre
wat burden tbe country is aow carrying-
It takes real wealth to atlsfy the
»    ■»■>,..      . t   , **   1%,, ., .   *--9, *9   "-t*mAim*0i*ri
in oaf earn dwt alone for a e«asider>l
abt* titan Mil a ta* ana iaa lent nun**
bate to be pfwieaed; coal,.Urn, farm
pendwa, aaaaaetarsd goods, ac
We wm lav* tn ototoon a eeJkteet
votea* to aitlsfy ttm aaaefeeterers*
de****** tet ptnbt* aad ta lank after tb*
heaeatm* m mt wm mm* mm ***■**■
dewtaOr eaeart to tot* the workers
fed Md ttethtd aad •bettered oo thot
Ihey aay be enabled to hap oa producing.
Atlrat tlaace lt wcnM appear aa If
there weaM be tots of wort aad "pro-
epertty* a tha eaeaag years aa tae
nigger ta the weo-aptW la tbe tat* Moat
there are saay aawafieetwwr* wha la-
*.*. iim. It I* lUtCkit im dfcwtop* jmv
tfactle* etU'salvtfly tn view td tbe Tact
that tba aarfcets aw om toomlmm
ani ttot th* tmafttmum «f all tbt a*
Ilea* le to become keener tbn covet-
much blood would probablyjmt all of
us on a more even footing, "~   *
If .Morgan and the other financiers
who hold all our bonds and in whose
grasp we are more firmly fixed than
ever were the Russians in the grip of
the Czars, would only be philanthropic enough to send us back all our
bonds marked "Paid" and just keep out
enough to enable themselves to live
comfortably the situation would be
considerable eased. But that will not
happen. The Canadian government
has given Us pledge that every dollar
will be paid and will exert every influence' at its command to prevent the
Bolsheviki idea getting into this country that 'the workers should not be
held responsible for the debts incurred,
In Russia it is true that-many of the
big financiers were killed by a people
crazed by suffering and hunger. We
want no killing in Canada and the government should proceed with caution
and not use the forces of repression
too freely. The workers of Canada
can settle the matter without force or
violence or the shedding of blood and
the one big factor in this country today which will prevent the shedding of
blood Is tho One Big Union which
stands for the workers joining their
forces as did Haig and Foch and Ca-
dorni and the rest of the allied generals and forcing imperialism militarism
and profiteering into oblivion by making the profiteers go to work and at
the same time giving them all a chance
to live and be happy. The Morgans,
the big bond houders and the profiteers
generally do not like the One Big Union Idea of everybody taking a part in
producing wealth and since they have
a big Influence over press and church
and state that Influence is being used
to kill the One Big Union.
VARLEY AND RI,GG ARE
TO EXTERMINATE RADICALS
i*JP aaiaiiMiaiMdrfteiai aaa* feoMlb ttftttfctt btbtmmt ^-^ttwmmtb
fWQmWfm W&tw!W-\-mmmMW Wa wtmoRmM iiplrt
ng . wHtyg* 111**1*   wiww   mwi   twwWtpw
9m »r» Ito two grttt «*nnt*e «rt»*
ttMQMMNP MWWfiwg ttw wni   fBfmw4
whia It aright nmm f* the leaa ef
It was, with exultant headings that
the daily press over Canada printed on
Monday of this week the news that
"War to the Death" had beon declared
by the American Federation of Labor
und the Dominion Trade3 and Labor
Congress oh the One Big Union. The
federation and the congress both h^ ve
the «lad assistance of "Destro >*r'
HobortKon, as he has baeii dubbed by
the B. i). Federationlst.. and tlie forces
of the cabinet of Canada Incidentally
ever profiteer in Canada is willing to
devote nicney to help finance the campaign against tbo Oae BiR Union
"By their friends ye shall know them."
(William Varley, of Toronto, general
organizer of the American Federation
»r Labo. and R. A, Rlgg, a former member of the Manitoba legislature, have
taken charge of the campaign which is
to "rid Canada" of radical labor
thought. "Make no mistake," declares
Mr. Varley, "Radicals must either get
rid of their Ideas or we shall get rid of
them."
The Associated Press depatch adds:
Both Varley and Rlgg were emphatic
In their statements that the big federations were out to smash   radicalism
and the One Big Union."
We Uke Varley and Rlsg for their
franknese aiid wlth_the forces they
have ito bacTthem up~wn5o"OCr,w0ir
der at their confidence. We hope they
will soon come Into this far western
province so that there will be an opportunity to. hear their reasoning and
measure their powers to persuade and
convince. The District Ledger is particularly interested In learning the measure of these men for this District,
which owns and controls this paper,
has by a more than nlnety-per cent,
vote decided to discard the federations
championed by Varley and Rlgg. not
yet having been convinced that those
federations are of any particular benefit to others than the leading spirits
under whose control they are. It Is
not with any desire to break loose
from the workers of tho rest of Canada
and of the United States that tho men
of District 18 have strongly expressed
their determination to leave the so
called international neither Is it because they aro "fanatical" aa Varley
thinks alt tboie wbo advocate One
Dig Union principles are. Varley and
Rlgg both will And In this District a
wllllngneM to hear wbat they have to
offer as on argument against our
leaving tha federations and they will
find the men la tbls District open to
any line of sound reasoning based on
tacts. They will not And a willingness to Uke abuse for argument and
they will And resentment If they take
It for granted that the workers In
tbls District sre not capable of doing
tbelr own thinking.
Varley and Rlgg want to remember
one thing and tbat is tbat workera
will eipeet thtm to ba true to tbeir
profession. Tbey profess to bo from
tbe ranks of the workers and taatst
that their sctkm* are for tbe beneAt
of tbe workers. If they are traitors to tbe workers tbey caa depend
apon It thty will toon bo discovered
and exposed slid thote are tbe time*
xihtti It it net wett to he a traitor.
Vsrley tbowi tbat he Is neither a
student of hiitory or humanity when
he so emphatically declares tbat tbe
'radicals most get rid of tbelr Ideas,"
Men may be datroyed bat Ideae, If
tbey ere flrtnly founded, cannot be
destroyed sud flourish bett In an atmosphere of repression,
WILL TMB MOWtlid**"*
AUO tt OtWKTtO
Prlnen   Auoirt   Leber   Men   Ask
tnrttn If There Are Two tews
Th* Pttne* Rupert Trades and ta-
hor Coaaell saeatmoaslr passe* tbe
/allowing raalatfcme at Its lea meet
lag aad forwarded tt to the command
er Hi chief ef the ttuleerafl amy.
"Tbe Ht. He*. Ur H U Horde*.
PMaier of Canada.
Ur,
Seeing thtt deportations are th* nr-
' "        * . ,     I* ...mp,, .., m
and *H*Wt|#t era *t-imtmt*Mt lnfmt-1
rat to the wsttat* ot tha Caawtaa
People, thd Prteea Kaa*n Tradea aad
V fLlahap dftrfhaeaalt ^^bd^|ui||*| mnmmntmtmmbm
**Rimnr    VV.IWHIMCII     ■wW-P-^nil-WM-.r     1*s1i|lRB*»™:*a
tha aleandt of each ao* fra* Labour's raari listed for dupaaatle* or
r. #*ta»
yoar list.
Oar rait* fur thit taaaatie* bo-
wt* ww     w ^^m^t^^^   ww^*     V-9-V-PIP    wr^*ttmt^^ttwi^w^an     nwim^
lag that we tmnlAnt thet. thea* pro-
Steers an tie oppressors of tt* People*. Tbs* mn a put. tf aot whelly,
reawaMMe for the terrlMy Mgh oast
ef nvtmr tbst It a* agftatlat aad die-
tarbiag tbs -treat maas «t buman'itf
raaadaa Later Una there to o*t •**
UkU>.
W* ask yet a tab* octitm not m,nw
lew for (be fear aad aaother tbr tht
bitb~o lAart mm aad a
elass—aa a taaay taOaUta
*tuMitat wm tmcotktt
Election For Board Member For
Sub-District No. 4—Frank
Wheatley's Statement
The following correspondence  relative to the election of a new board
member for sub-district No. 4 is Belf
explanatory.
To The Officers and 'Members
of Local Unions, in   Sub-District
No. 4, :U. >M. W. of A.
Dear Comrades:
Enclosed you will find
copies of communication from Can-
more Local Union, dealing with the
Recall of B. M. Wheatley, and also enclosed you will find -B. M. Wheatley's
defence.
The District Executive Board and
Policy Committee have endorsed the
Recall, and have supended Bro.
Wheatley.
Your Local is asked to send in nominations to this office for the office of
Board Member, for Sub-District No.
4, not later than July 15th, so that
the Election can take place on the 25th.
It Is also understood that the Brother
elected will represent your Sub-District on the Policy Committee. N. D.
Thachuk, of Canmore, is acting pro-
tem on policy Committee for Sub-
District No. 4.
Signed on behalf of the Executive
•Board and Policy Committee.
Fraternally Yours,
s^DWARD  BROWNE
Secretary.
Wheatley's Statement
Calgary, Alta., July 4,1919.
To the officers and Members of Sub-
Dietrict 4, District 18, UjM.W. of A.:
Greetings:
In compliance with the request
of Canmore Local Union and endorsed by some other locals the District
Executive IBoard and Policy Comittee
have approved of a circular asking for
my recall, and as the District constitution allows me the privilege of submitting my defence to the charge I submit the following for your consideration:
The charge laid against me is that 1
am "opposed to the present form of
One Big Union," and to verity their
contention I feel that I had better
quote the contents or said circular
which reads as follows:
"Canmore, Alberta,
April 29, 1919
"At a special meeting held by Can-
more Local Union, No. 1387, the following resolution jvas adopted' unanimously.
" WhereaB Board Member Wheatley's
'   stand against the One Big Union
is not ln line with the wishes ot
Sub-District   4,   which    Brother
Wheatley Is supposed to represent
and       ■_, "*:* *'-..    ''• *_A_________
wmtn&~mrmFicf~isamr^& u»
meet in convention of O. B. U.
•which Is to he caled some time
during the month ot May, and
Whereas tho district executive
board together with the policy
committee cannot transact
buslnea of the (Mineworkers successfully with a member who is
, hostile to the 0. B U. movement
which was endorsed by the mem*
bership, and
Whereas at a meeting held by this
local union, April   20th,   Board
ca]a In Sub-Disi-krict No. 4 and to
Secretary -Browiie.
(Signed)  N. D. Thachuk, Sec.
(Seal of local attached)
It is gratifying to me that the charge
that I am to answer is nothing worse
■than the expresion of my opinions, as
is shown by the above circular, and
when I Joined the mineworkers* organization in 1903 I was assured of perfect freedom in these matters. I was
further asked to defend freedom of
thought whether expressed by tongue
or pen, and, looked at in the light of
recent events, it Is a policy advocates
of 0. fi. U. should adopt.
I am fully conscious of the needs and
desires ot my fellow mineworkers in
that we wish to obtain the fullest
measure of the values we produce and
to that end we must fully organic the
workers ot our own trade and alio seek
the co-operation and assistance of the
workers ln other trades.
I have worked ln the mines since 1
was twelve years ot age. for thirty
years, and I have observed one characteristic of the mineworkers which is
both a virtue and a failing, if such a
term can be used; it is this: they are
continually trying to improve the status of the whole working class movement, but it has had a woeful effect
on their own material interests.
It is In order tq overcome this continual sacrifice , and a desire to have
the mineworkers centre their efforts in
the improvement ot their own material
interests and conditions, coupled with
the tact that the methods outlined by
the OneBlgUnion cannot meet the present demands, that I have opposed the
proposition, and for which you ask my
recall,
My duties as an executive officer of
the Alberta Federation of Labor have
enabled me to closely analyze the feelings of the various affiliated tirades,
and I have concluded In my own mind
that however much the need may be
for fuller co-operation, there ls a very
large element of those trades who are
not ready for, and what 13 more vital,
not educated to, the proposed new
movement, and knowing this, I would
not be doing my duty to those I represent ifl did not speak as I feel
As for my poeition on the policy
committee, let me Bay, the Convention
laid down "Iron-clad" instructions to
their committee, I have acted strictly
in keeping with'the mandates of that
convention, and no charge is brought
against me wherein I have neglected
my duties as an officer. (My crime is
that I have expressed my opinion a-
gainst the One Big Union and as the
district executive hoard, together with
the policy committee cannot transact
business of the mineworkers successfully with a member who is hostile to
■OTTBrrUrl^tfiorefore ft»ilows~that It j
now becomes an offence to hold the
views of the minority.
I have been an advocate ot free
speech and press at all times owing to
the action ot the ruling class, but to
find my own class adopting these
methods is indeed disappointing and to
say the least, It Ib ah unjust stand for
the advocates of the One 'Big Union
to take.
I would say in conclusion, that the
beet o( my time and ability has been
at the service of my fellow workers,
(Member" Wheatfey"stlUmaintained! and will still continueto be, regardless
his stand against 0. B. U. when
debating with Brother Susnar,
Therefor* <Be It Reeolved tbat Board
Member Wheatley be recalled and
that the executive board be asked
to put the recall Into operation,
and to suepend Brother Wheatley
until such time as the vote u
taken on recall and that the Secretary be Instructed to send a
copy of tbls resolution to all lo-
ot the action you may take In the
matter. It has been one ot my characteristics that I am mostly working
along with the minority, but I have
at all times spoken out openly on
mattera affecting my class and am offering no apologies for my action, and
still remain,
Faithfully yours,
FRANK W'HEATLKY.
LAiW Oli&DB WHILE YOU WAIT
OTTAWA, ONT.—Tho Immigration
Aet was amended In one short hour,
sixty minutes, It bad Itt three readings in both bouses, was asMDted to
by Sir Louis Davla, chief Justice ot
the supreme court, acting for his excellency, tbe governor general.
It ameade a previous amendment
that provided for deportation of a-
liens who aim to overthrow tht government. Some of the "011001'' art ef
British birth, so thia bow "rapldBro"
amendment had to be added to provide tbat Immigrants from (treat
.Britain may come within tbe law and
be deported for tbat awfut specter
tbat 1* now sulking the earth,
"Bolshevism!"
CZARISiM AND BOLSHEVISM
IN <MA88ACHUSi)TTS
IAMR PARTY TO
•I rONMEO dOON
TOKlOs-The labor question is becoming one of the aow factors la tht
politics ol Japan, aad the fomaUea ef
a labor party is expected to take
place soon. Aaaog tht rtatoes for tho
formation ot such a party theee two
are foramost: Pint, it Is contended
Japaa should havo * labor aaitf aa
the malt of tb* great b*4**trlal re-
volatton aow gotag oa: aad, seeend-
ly. It is claimed sucb a party provides'
tb* oaly aaaaa whereby aalvtrai
suffrage caa be obtalaed, as tba exist-
lag political partlee ara too coaar-
vatlvs.
BOSTON—Otarlsm has taken pps-
session ol the Massachusetts legislature, A bin has Just beeu passed
which Is calculated to give employ-
en a vast power over striking
employees. Al tbat it necessary to
annihilate a strike leader or t labor
union organiser -is to accu** hint or
bolshevism. He then falls within the
act, which Is ostons'.bly directed
agaluit bolshevism.
Indeed, tbe Massachusetts Senate
unanimously pattd thit bill when It
contained a clause Inflicting a
teirlfle penalty on any one In who**
possession wat found any radical
literature, and tba decision as to
what radical literature was, was to
rest with tba policeman making the
arrest!
The alarm of the -Massachusetts
soloni over the growing unrest Is not
bard to understand when one reads
the report of a atate lavatlgation of
waga la Maaacbatatta Just published
Says lb* report:
"Tbli report shows that of the flv*
buadred thoaand mea who were
employed la tb* Industrie* or tbe
tttt*, I* Ht?, aaw thaa half got a
wage lhat *** beUr*   12f   a ****
Text of The Amendment To The
Immigration Act Relating To
The Deportation of
"Undesirables"
As there Is considerable; misapprehension in regard to the recent legislation under which the profiteers are
hopeful of deporting many of the workers who stand for the complete elimination of profiteering, we print herewith
the amendment^n full:
AN ACT TO AMEND AN ACT OF THE
PRESENT SESSION ENTITLED AN
ACT TO AMEND TU3 IMMIGRATION ACT:
Attested to Cth June. 1319
His 'Majesty, by and with the advice and consent, of the Senate and the
House of Commons, enacts as'follows:'
I Section fifteen of the act to amend
the immigration act passed at the present session of patlijinnmt is repealed
and the following is substituted tin re-
tor:—
15 Section II of tile said act is repealed and the following is substituted
therefor:—
41 Every person who by woro or
aot In Canada seeks to overthrow
by force or violence the govern
ment of or constituted law and
authority in the United Kingdom of
■Great Britain and Ireland or Canada, or any of the provinces of
Canada, or the government of any
other of His Majesty's dominions, colonies or possessions or dependencies, or advocates the assassination of any' officials of the
0 saidi governments, or any foreign
government, or who in Canada defends or suggests the unlawful destruction of property or by word or
aot creates or attempt-1* to create
any, riot or public disorucr in Canada, or who. without lawful  au
thority assumes any power of government in Canada or in any part
thereof, or who by common repute
belongs to. or is suspected of belonging to any secret society or
organization which extorts" money
from or attempts to control any
resident of Canada by force or
threat of bodily harm or by black
mail, or who is a member of or
affiliated with, any organization
entertaining or teaching disbelief
in or opposition to organized government shall, for the purposes of
this act be deemed to belong to
the prohibited or undesirable elass
and shall be liable to deportation
in the manner provided by this act,
and it shall bo tho,, duty of any
officer becoming cognizant thereof
and of the clerk, secretary, or any
other official of any municipality
in Canada wherein such person
may be, to forthwith send a written complaint to the minister,
giving full particulars, provided
that this section shall not apply
lo any person who is a British
subject either by reason of birth
in Canada, or by reason of naturalization in Canada.
1 Proof that any person belonged to or was within the description of any of the prohibited or
undesirable classes within the
meaning of this section at any time
since the fourth day of May, One
Thousand Nine Hundred and Ten,
shall, for all the purposes of this
act. be deemed to establish prima
facie that he still belongs to such
prohibited cr undesirable class"-or
classes.
Painting
INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR
by the day
43 BAKER AVE.
Wm. Robson
MONUMENTS
Kootenay Granite and Monumental Co.,
Ltd.
P. 0. Box 865 Nelson, B. C.
The only Monumental Works in  the
Kootenays
H. OSTLUND
Solicitor for District 18, U, M.
W. of A.
MacDonald Block      *
Lethbridge, AJta.
American Federation And  Dominion Congress Start Campaign
For The Extermination of
The One Big Union
(Canadian Press Dispatch.)
Winnipeg, July 7.—War without
quarter and to the death has been declared on the One Big Union by the
American Federation of Labor audi
the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress.
The opening campaign has already
been launched in Winnipeg under the
leadership of William Varley, Toron-
,4orgeneRil-^rg^nlser^f-tiie-^r£?r-6v-&tr
and R. A. Rigg, former secretary of
the Trades and Labor Council and e::-
member of the -Manitoba legislature,
who has Just been appointed general
organizer for western Canada of the
Dominion Congress.
Organized labor, not only ln Winnipeg, but throughout the west is to be
swept clean of radical leadership and
revolutionary doctrines if the campaign Is successful.
Every local union In the cities of
western Canada will have to prove
Ita loyalty to the principles of labor
In the past, or Bhow them for the future by complete reorganization.
The Trades and Labor Council of
Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouver will-
be reorganized unless its members indicate that thoy have no use for the
propaganda of tho 0. H. U. and its revolutionary doctrines.
"Sane" leaders will have to be plnced
In chargo of every labor organization
and complete co-operation with tho
American Federation of Ubor as
sured or locals will lose their chartf-rs.
Winnipeg is to have a labor organization that la conservative and ihat
from the federation of labor during the
strike, will .sacrifice their charters,
and these charters will not be restored until the'locals have been reorganized under conditions' acceptable
to the central bodies.
Both! men who are leading the fight
against the One Big Union are returned soldiers.
Varley was formcly secretary of the
uunuuiB iiaues* cuuliui]-in~~roruuiu.     "
Such reorganization as is planned
would mean the cud of general cr
sympathetic strikes in Winnipeg.
"Tho strike here was engineered by
a few fanatics," said Varley. They
were out to create chaok even at the
expense of destroying their own organization, just as a drunken man
starts in by breaking up his own furniture."
Owing to the fact that conditions
surrounding the cause and conduct of
tho strike sre still in many cases
mooted, Varley said that-a thorough
investigation of the attitude of every
labor organization In the city would
have tp be made before final stepR
were  taken.
Both Varley and Rigg ware emphatic
in thfir statements that the big federations were out to smash radicalism
and tho One Ilig Union.
"The attitude of the Trades nnd
Labor Congress Is definitely oppoied
to the One Big Union, and to the secession movement, which would load
to severance of relation* and nflllift-
tlors existing between Canadian and
FERNIE  LODGE,   KNIGHTS  OF
PYTHIAS, NO. 31
Will meet regularl>
every Tuesday even
(ng at 8 o'clock.
Visiting member*
cordially welcome
W. Pennington, Alfred Baker.
C. C. K. R. S
Dp. W. H. Pickering
Dentist
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. .Opposite
Suddaby's Drug Store
Phone 188
L.H. PUTNAM
Barrister. Etc.
BLAIRMORE. ALBERTA
la willing to construct Its affairs in i American trade unionists," Rlgg said.
full co-operation with lh<* big central
organizations. Such was the outline
of the campaign given your correspondent today by Mr, Varley.
"Wn are out to light the   Om»   HI*
Union." *ald Varley. "make no mv
take   about   that,   Radicals    iiiuki
either Ret rid nf tbeir   Ideas   or w»
•hall got rid of them."
According to Varloy'* out!ln«\ reconstruction of the local* will »)•• (inducted under supervisor) of the Am-r-
"It la the determination of tho Trade*
nnd Labor Connres* of Canada t-o
maintain tho*o affiliations*! Intact and
tn pH-vr-nt tho thn ntcm-d dls-m-tmu*
dlvirlnn In the ranks of -tr:tdi» union-
Ihui."
.Meeting with varlou* local* and
tin Ir representative bodies nro to be
held from dny to d*y. in order to determine what Mamlf.ng they w(U be
alJriwi-d wilh federation*.
Varley wild thnt men who hml been
lean Federation of Labor, ?ha« «>f;sw,pt into radical niov.iii.tit again**
tradea and labor council umb-r thr > their will, or hm! eh.nngi .| th*-ir v|»«w*
direction of the Dominion Tra«l"-s nml t!lR „ rM„**|t „f th*1 development of the
Lnbor Conirreas. 'situation, would he Klven an opport-
what action will be tukim "«lth re- uuffv k, ripul'-it*. t'u'tr aeMmi't. -nml
(jard to Winnipeg Tradf-1 and  t.al>nr -mine huk Into the fold
Council will n«* be known wl ntti-r'    "n„r \,iv<iU", H   r*mi"i!in» don. 1*1.10"
the meeting of the organization tm|,iy,,|,(. (!ft|d. "it \* still illfflniH to Ml lu**t
whieh <Mr. KI-IK will ns'i'tid what tin  f;u«  u",   lm*.   ***• Intuid,
8YNOP8I8  OF
• LAND ACT" AMENDMENT
rr.-.-milium n«w cotiflncd to nimnt*4
•at >i;- m.*.,v
i<«.:"t'(ls will to* Fmnt»d coloring Mtjr
mi..I .-.uiliible fur agricultural purpeww
■un! which Ih iKin-llmtH-r Innd.
i'.,rinei-sliii> pro-einiJtloiiH »botl»h*4,
;..ii tiuMitw vf >iot moro than four war
sir,.- k«- for n<t)uc«tu prw-tmpttons, wttb
hont K-sich-iH-e. but e<u.'h making dmw«
•<ury tiniirtivvmenu ou r«i<p«ctlv« eialnm.
rr«-umiiwtr« must occupy ola|ma far
flv* ihhi-.- and mika imuruv«n«nU ta
vulti* nl $10 par acre, Including ctM/irg
and rultiviitlon ot at leant t noma, ba*
for* ; mieivliig Crown Qr»nt.
Whiirv iire-«mptur In occupation not
thnn 3 ycHr«, and ha* madt propor*
iadt propor*
nr, baeatr
Any nrffanltfttl'i.n Mm •Kf.vH !--
ifllltatlnn to principles >' «witn! fr
ganltation of labor on th«» emitinent
during tb* Winnipeg K"it« rat ntrifcn n il!
not lw* rmiulrt-d to iiui** any HiniiK'**
In it* policy, acconllmit tn VarN-y
Hut any local*   thut  piili- t .uv:t>
I,!.!1111 J""1"" " "  . .        »11      '., , ■    1
!)|>'.\" x<r, 1; f.Ji.-i uii* ..«.,-.< !jy v.hat 'h-y
nrf\ and then ti» art,"
Following the rlnan tip ot org.ilil'eil
latn,r in U"lnt.I;»<.it, t1.. < irmminii hIII
• ite carried on in other p.irss of the u «i{.
parMf-ularly   In Calgary   und  Yiuuui
' ver.
Australian Labor Notes
(Ily W.PflAXCIS  \I1CU\i
Xl»e pet cent ef thee* fet t* It'll* a* \
lit. Ae for the  we«eii~of tbe two!0""**'*"* "•!•.*•••• **»»**"•*'«»
huMr* tbo«aae<3 In   Injury   tenn A'nrmtvr*~1n*2$Mn*,
• '"*' '•':, * ■!,
In sil! . |;?wi
mr r*tr'l.i* '
p*|M-r urfi'd
trem tbe big
then oi*e per tmt got ee awb •• »»1 nhmi u.wm rentrtiV-f ,*,',•,', ,*',n Mi.
•  tmb,  ee4  elwoet  e  third were j Qfrn^nlaiHl ban nr.w   ibtmnod
working fer tenn thee |i«.   Think
wl*ni tbem Omr*n rmttr meen: ml
^iJtbm ebwgeMe tlw National ttntnn l^*,^,l*t,fWK?.V? ,^B" *M r*Wfc;:
■tmt  u*tMe«*   mm**   immmt*^ i1tt„ fof t!,ft tt,w„rn ftM'' '
litis*   le tlw   tn»tr4,„„„,„ trw ,„ ^ eomtrinol
tbet mm ef
VO!W Tft/btt— Hn   awavHiftv
ttMBmlttai itittrtt tlw Hthmui of ttt.
■  ■ e»*^w aaaaamommww «w mrn+nmmmm noo  •■*    *,.«       -^—*■   mo   »-*   - --■»   tbtOJtmmm.m   ImIv
fmtimM SEMmMmm nt^^mf tWtM mmtmto tm\f ***!*•   *wr*Wi^ni wppp i*n p»nr mrwiii  mmimmwriii .pm-nr
w ^••w^^^g wmn^mm^^mi ^o^moo^x*m   o^^m w^^^^^e o^m     ^m9^w 1 ^ana m    A^fc.Jb   mM^^-.**-^**,     mmo to e
mA oHW* tertig the war. of the nr- jlf "• "• M*m' m§-
llec of private auil erUbent tbe aeB» 1   » * ■
Mini'
lind
whit
pnmlt** to Ni th« blxitnt ripAtrin' .11
nchem* In th« world   in.nm ft««f«i'«*r«
i
••ViM.rJ-c .I uv--'. -" w
Z»»lar»l. hax*> Iif en Bn*"
f«>r      ou-oo'ie    fi     *'t-V
H  «t» rh'irgfd ihui th
ih* t*»tk**r** in th** mottt trat'... *« r«'
fit*.*   to   '.aht*  p->r-<   ttt  firri'1f|'!!fi(*  mul
itii'trihu'lrit i;»i;<!  Hut.I    io*f**l    **mm*.
Mrri' -ijt,*|ii*4 ,y  ,4  r !.i*»«!(.ii->u-  r,»t«-
In the ait'-rttatht* the ytorU-rm w««r«-
dfi'..iif iuj|irnv(>ii)eiit«, ft* may, CaeatiM
of m-lifiiith or oilier cauie, ba grantae
iniiTitit-itinic cortlltcat* of Improvoraaat
and trjim'f«-r hl«« claim.
Ki-ofirrti* without permanent raaldanoe
mny h* imnuH tirovidtd apnllcant uukae
ifnprnvt-rneiiiM to extent of MW par am-
num 11 imi r-ci-ordu aamo oach yoar. TaU*
or* to oitik* improvomonto ar rooor*
nam* wttt (.lierato at forfoltura. TiUe
M,nn«t hi- obtained on theae elatma la
to**- thnn t, r-mrn, with Improvomeatt of
Ito p*r ner*. Including t acre* at-tarei
and rultivMtott, and rostdoneo of al
loo*! S yeur*
Pm-onijitiir holding Crown onnt may
retard iinotlttr pre-oraptton, tf be ra*
ouirnH land In nonlunctlon with ble
farm, without actual occupation, pre*
rtiW Ktatutory Ituprovomonu male nnt
rm idD'ice mntnutnod on Crown graatoi
Unaurvoyrd artaa, not aiotodlna M
eer**, may ho toaiod M homoMtMj
ttti» Vi 1.0 olttniiit-S after fuUHllag real-
dentist and improvomont oonaltWM.
for grilling and InduatHal purpaee%
ue** *\t **4ing Ul acroo may be liaail
hy out- |M*mon or company.
png-gMPTonr mtl ONANTt AOT.
Th* ncoj.,0 of thia Aat ta eater-gel m
tneludti alf m>nwna Joining and MTTtat
with lilt Majoatya'Porcw, The tteS
within which »ho holra or dortioot er •
t»tf*.*eix pro-amptor may aim*' fee
tltlo undor thtt Act It asttMMot frag*
on* y**r from tho dtath at mtm t-tetm,
n* ruriiieMy, until out ytar afterjUM
ooncluMitti of tho prootnt war. TMe
prltllogo ta alao mado rttroMttva.
rowNiirg r>ROP|RTv aluothint
ACT.
fvovlatwn It mado fer
MWit    h'titlrg     M?.«*m|
iuatitt ta Vtirihn** tmm
tuch profKirti-Mi et th# fa
ta tho poyn-Kintt   all
eo*or Iti i.ii.i* iiiun to tho"
tho wholo parrot.   Two ar
holding ourh Agroewontj
thttr intoroutt and amir fi
tlonato allot mont MntXt,
tenmd*t*d odvtaat
eevotod hy an 01
tl-wM* atkftmonl, an
*t **m*t value aotaoti
xtewe landt tn   the	
mado   Thane aflotaiante ate
upon twyntnt of   aH taage
(Yown or to   any   mtwMi
rigtito   <>l   pntntmn te t
ohooor from tha Crown
oott aro *i*o »rax*ex*4
in. Mitn«t«*» »f Londt la
to Intt    Th* ttmt fig Ml
ttor. u-r tfe#«o juiatwrnte
h* i»« d«v ot May, lilt
tton ma«o ottor tato. data
mm*t4.r*a     T%*** tjtoti
•»•» '»♦* tint taut* en '
i«jOiOht* tiftlon
ft ,»t*rwi*ii**i nr>e*y te amy
t*» **lo*»mii»tiit Ag»nl or to
■T H NAD
If lolator od
VI
■niOHl!
wham
Xtnmir Miotttor.
&b.
fir^tsgsssrs^s,
l Hi* <■
ji/.*'i<»»iKti«.*«, i'i lm*i wttp*
ttor t«ttt«meRt.
f.-.i"
Th«i
. ?tfWA  wntmb.-'thtm
mwati em aim tar-an aaya, ttm tawrw
eymee plombora toto reternei to •orVt
m Www lay.  ti
ceiie ntm t wwra.
tt
ei iiii htulifim wltbeet venmste.
In »piWI IS MlV MVw WllMSa WM MM*
ler «MUte(»-4UU to tbo beeatiag no-
*^a    Vmm^     OM-^tfO^HttiA     Wmm—m*9^4tmi^     I 9^19.
l«e, *fe(Mlljr fIabeaied. te reveilei
bf MMrgM Heagfe M "Tbe Wei."
Thit book hat feat beet pubi»be4.i
MITUIIfflO MfN WAMT
potinoMt or
ALlfMt
•mm Men to*** Alee te Re»teec«
ley Voterane.
ttmiK!Bm WAT, Mr ?-Tb# labor roaHBMtee ef tbe <*mt War Vet
.Jobtttt tate-trt  Oefnenttrate
;*.♦a-*-* 1*1;'-'*-,   « ■■-,■  --    - -   *-■* *■ *   0*. *-
ibe uur B»i<l that iho many pnmt***
Itiittdo U, tht-rrs mi <-n?!»?iiie »r»- tr>t t«tl
IH'-f4      V   ■*-'■  '-- »   -«   •      ,    ••* *    <
>nw pm:,'**" m*! **»'"' iwvn'.tr f heipf
: auxmt-titid '****t-, nine- a trar,**t»r»r
territo*. -fh*- jk»l»» •*« *«!.}i#-r** thr-tm.-h
■nn Jh-e^Kit Ai«*tr**>Ua »rt- hnt.1tr.g di-nwtmm*
iwaterfront el Tr**mtntte, HVnt-orn'M-im*. a*Kaia«t th-- *»«■ 1 ***** *t tb- Am;-
Avtinlia. baa h*mn a-fttlif*. Tb# uitlmt ? raliao l"t*4*tal i;o\«rti*wt<Rt to tt«* *nm-
met beve *ot*#*d*d te attiplactue ih*tpf-ttiat 'her tmm*r *mpley*r* to hand
w^b wetb*m whlrh 1%* 9nr*>rnm*n'ihn*1t tho 0,1,* ih*r dromi****! *o '«r*p
Itiei te pi*** 011 the wbarve*.    Ttoy:, ;;m t:U -ina ro'.un.
Unietiieie Deal With tcaN m Wttt
era  Aaviratia
The tmubl*   tbat ett-tt-^i
UNI fereati ntbmttr fm bom mo tmm' AnaotWlem te btfegtng itr«Mtg>gwti»rittta«it -flltRhod dmwn »*** a mr-
nd
nm:
no^^^mm   ^^^^^^m^   m^n   tttm   uAa^ui   ^^a^^~
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«tlt h* 4toe|i*Nii4   thtt tb* teal a«t4
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by ibe xatSi.m p-AAkal taJtt-a J she
alx r M«i«-t»m*pfrt*.
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,., , ., ,,. 1 ... ,,. *  .-*-.,    .,   ■-■ 1.
tl tint Hth em 1Mb tar  Th« to t
nett trantafte-4 wa» to arraar* tta tb#
taking of haltott amtmg the   various
. *ttiU«i*.
Wow ttntnnd Werhgrt Ittetlott.
I   Tbe railway won of   Sew   Zealand
it**. r#f.- *fi«.t*r*9,ft-ti*t*,t    Th^y tro do*
mt»4iag Intrenm pay, n rednnim n*
'eroeWag b«wt«, ae4 bottov ewi»*tt<m«
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\ Vlay th*r intn* a httM aa4 hy a W
: p*t Vi'ut m*':**ntv *e»*d *• e«a*i* erettt
, -r thfir ittmnnd* wore sot gnut«4-
Tbe gnvernnwMtt etftrutf mrtttftH
I leme, tot tieee tare reje«te4 by if
*fef eetw. ef lii gMe
*    -I**., tt,.,,*.,. r^;mm   of   nrt^.
,^#«la«4 bat 4kN.44.t4 tn eewlge»ate*
\om ttto Wet»«M» fwrewffmt-fiwn
MnklBf up two bey Mttetriei of New
f«*iiit»* Thtt i#- trntbittot o iff
I atop te fie ewve iwverte lie Oee Uf
Cg^eu fbeeee .PAGE FOUR
THE   DISTRICT   LEDGER,   FERME..B. q. JULY 11, 1919.
1 -■
NEW RECORDS
Results secured during the past year re-affirm the positipn of the Sun Life of Canada as
the largest life assurance organization of the Dominion.
Fair-dealing and progressive business methods have given it leadership in annual New
Business, Total Business in Force, Assets, Surplus Earnings, Net Surplus, Total
Income, Premium Income and payments to Policyholders.   --'.''-
M. A. KASTNER
AGENT
GLADSTONE LOCAL NOTES
FERNIE NEWS
—The Pernie District Rod and Gun
Club will hold a regular meeting in the
council chamber at S o'clock p. m. on
Monday, Juy 14th. All interested are
urged to be preaent.
»♦♦♦♦♦*»♦ •**•*-*♦ ♦♦♦♦ »
The Election for checkweighmen
took place last Tuesday. The nominees were, Sam Heaney, Coal Creek;
T. (Barton, iW. B. (Phillips and U. Martin, jPernie., Two checkweighmen
were necessary. The ballot resulted:
Sam Heaney  ......   .-.,..29
M. 'Martin >.......    .2(5
T. Barton ...... ■"......  ..15
W. iB.  Phillips .......14
Sam Heaney and H,, .Martin were
elected. '' - .
HOUDINI
—Commandant Greenland In charge
of the Local Corps of the Salvation
Army leaves today .for the coast,
where she will be having a few -.veeks
reet. She will return again sometime
in August to resume her duties.
H 0 U DI N I
—Although the time for arrangements is short the hig committees at
work on Peace Celebration Day arrangements are assured that it will be
one of the greatest days in tho history of Pernie. Big inducements are
being offered for competitors in the
various events and "the greatest
game, o'f baseball ever seen in the
Crow" is promised.
Tke United Church.
Rev. C E, Batzold, Pastor
J. Whitehouse, Orsranist
Services, Sunday, July 13th 1919
11.30 a.m. "Tite Return"
7.30p.m. "The Answer11
12.15 p.m. Sa.bba.tli School
A Cordial Invitation to All
HOUDINI
—One of the interesting events of
the many-sided program for Peace
Day will be the crowning of the Vic
tory Queen. The most popular young
lady in Fernie is to receive this bonor
and the popularity will be tested by
votes. Tickets are now on sale at
all the stores, banks and by many im
dividual solicitors at 10 cents each.
Each ticket counts for one Vote. The
contestants are the Misses D. Henderson, J. Richardson, M. Nelson, M.
Schaegel and M. Woods.. Particulars
regarding the coronation ■ ceremonies
will be published in both local papers
next week. The competition will close
at half past fiveo'clock on Thursday,
July, 17th. Additional entries to this
contest will be received up to 6 o'clock
p. m. Monday on payment of 25 cents
to Secty W. J. Claridge.
Who says we have a white elephant in town? Why the old building
has come in useful at las-. We notice Beard of .Michel has got to quit
his office nor can they hold any meetings at the Michel Hotel again. Its
near as bad as saying: "You shan't
play in our back yard, unless you do
as I say." Tr.v the Soldiers and work-
mans club, Dick.
Some persoh or peruons tried their
unmost to create a split between the
Italian -Members of the union and the
rest of the members, but it didn't
work. If these poor rarrow minded
persons think they can get our Italian brothers to scab they have got a-
nother think coming.
J. Dufour ancl party went fishing
last Sunday up the Elk near Spar
wood and returned home with a basket full of speckled beauties. The
fishing in the Elk is getting better
every, day. "Dewey" is like the rest
of us—sometimes engine trouble and
then get off and push.
A seventeen pound bull trout was
landed at Olson last week is the report to hand. Is it aflsk story or just
bull? '
.Fernie has the miakins of one of the.
best little lacrosse teams west of Winnipeg but the boys would gather go
joy riding or walk in the park with
their best girls than practice. Arrangement was made with Lethbrdge
for home and home games which
will have to be called off. We wonder who's the goat? why. the guy who
wrote to Lethbridge.
One of the most glaring frauds ever
pulled off on the Fernie public was
pulled off last Monday, July tlie 7th.
About a fortnight ago the boards in
Ferrtle were plastered with "big posters, Sangers Combined shows, pictured wild animals from a flea to an
elephant and hundreds of trapeze fliers. Tho only darned thing brought
was a coup}e or small tents, two
white horses and a monkey. I would
like to see a villgante committee of
citizens formed nnd when anything
like that is pulled off again, thoy
should refuse to allow them to pitch
their tents, and all the police disappear to give the committee a free
hand.
among industrial organizations as to
their mode, of action to bring about
the change. The capitalists are few,
the working people many. It ls only
a matter of knowing where the power
lies. Socialists are charged with the
force which will cause bloodshed.
When the worker:; are unanimous
and conscious of the disease that Inflicts society it will not be force that
will causo the trouble, .it will be the
blind resistance of the Capitalists.
The Feudal -Lords were ignorant of the
law that all mankind must obey,
which is the law of economic development, The rising Capitalists were uneducated and did not understand the
underlying eauses of human progres?
any more than the Lords, hence the
cause of the welter in blood.
Karl ;Marx. says, Capitalism came
into the world dripping from head to
foot with,blood and dirt. Credit is
due Capitalism tor the production of
science. Working class knowledge is
the result of the study of works pro-,
diked by men of ability, laboring under Capitalism. Socialists have stud-
died the laws of human progress from
the cave and the tree dwellers up to
the present time. They analyse human thought of the various epochs,
study their institution, examine the
cause of change and remedies. The
disease of Capitalism is undertsood
and the socialists have, the remedy.
All tinkering with social reforms now
are past and no mutter how some people dislike the pill it iwust bo swallowed.
GEORGE   PATON
NATAL'S CO-OPERATIVE
f".-'    * . mffm
The Workingmen's Co-Operative
Society, of Natal, has recently issued
Its annual report and held Its meeting.
The society has proven its worth to
the workers of Natal and vicinity
and is looking for still greater growth
and valuable service.
The report shows the "iRepartltion
of the profit resulting from inventory
taken on June 15th, 1919 for dividend
according to Art. 28 of the Social
Statute:       • v
Net Profltt—Deduced re-
reserve fund aggregated on previous dividends    $4530.0G
HOUDINI
IMr. -Movie Man, why can't we see
one of the big baseball championship
series? Other places have 'em.
The Willard-Dempsey bout was as
one sided as the heels on a'bow-legged
hobo's shoes.
—I.. F. Little, secretary of the Elk
Valley & Natal Agricultural Association was in town this week accompanied by Vice President Alec. Causey.
They were boosting for the big show
to be held in Natal on Labor Day, an
exhibition that will surpass all pre-
vlous efforts and a choice program ot
races and other sports. The greatest
bicycle parade ever- seen in the Crow
will be one of tbe features. At night
there Ib to be a masquerade ball and
prizes will be offered. Fernie merchants are adding a number of specials to the.priie list. The lists will
be published In a few weeks. Before
Labor Day the government bridge and
ftmd will be complete and It is hoped
to bo able to put on an extensive
, Jitney service from Fornle. Possibly a
apeelal train will be arranged for,
Tho Michel and Natal folks are look-
ing for hearty co-operation from Pernio. Tbere will he exhibits of vegetables, fruits, flower*, poultry, etc.,
from over a wide stretch of Alberta
and British Columbia.
Willard had as much chance as one
Bppi^irmiTTn^han'asjiOTn:   "~~
Tinkering With Social Reforms Usless
—A meeting wnn held In Spalding's
Studio on Tuesday evening for tho
organizing a Tourist Association foi
Fornle and the Crow's Nost District.
The object ts to promote Iho Interest
in the Crow's Nest section of the In-
torprovinclftl Highway, as a tourists
route, and to advertise Fernie and the
Pass through the medium of kindred
associations ond hoards of trade, automobile associations and rod and gun
club throughout the Dominion and the
Northwertern state* A temporary
organlsation was effected and an executive committee appointed to approach the board or tradfe and other
organisations for co-opcratlon in (he
object aimed it and to report at a
miled mwtflnir plans for the work
to be undertaken. A permanent or-
guixatton will be made and the work
of advprtlflng atarted at on»o Tho
meetings are held in Spalding's Htudlo
which place he has offered free or
charge to the association, and he proposes to give th" Anwocladnn tbo um*
of a vast collection ot mntiirlsl ahan-
lutely necessary ror the purpose ot advertising, also free of charge sn «nt*«r
which tho association will appwlat*
Michel's explanation—The reason
we did not come to Fernie on July 1
was that iMichel offered more money
to the football boys and they stayed
home.
That 1e very fine but Pernio fans
have their own ideas and everybody
has a right to think. If anyone wants
to know a few real ones about Michel they can ring up the "Pep" editor,   lie haa a few   cards   up   bis
sleeve to shoot R-i long.
• ______
Now that we have a little money on
hand let's talk about Pernios swimming pool. Talk is cheap, anyhow,
and it might start something Who
will be the flrst to ahum?
Tho "Pep" editor gave his complimentary ticket to the circus away
and went flshlng. He caught two—
not suckers either.
•/ftiother big football gumc coming
on July 16th. Michel will play the
teamsters here. The teamsters will
have a strong line up and this should
provo one or the best of the season.
II. Ilrown. of Michel, la the bright
star or baseball in Michel, If not on
tho coast league.
Please, Mr. Michel, won't you como
to Pernie and play us another real
good game of football? That last was
a humdinger. We'll split the gate
money,
i9M9i999Mim9-imm99mKm9mmmm99*m9mm9*mmm99m99WI3m*m*m^
Old Timers Lose And Win
The base ball game last Friday
evening, between the Old Timers and
the Hula, Hulas was a very tame affair, the Old boys having to play a
pick-up nine against the boys who
defeated them easily.
The .Wednesday game was much
more spirited^ and the Old -Boys went
Into the game with a good line-up and
won 15 to 10 against the P.AA.C.
The line up was as follows:
—Gld^Pimers—Palmerr4rdi-Scett7-&fr
Spence, 1st; Todhunter, 2nd; *B. Wilson, p. Kennedy, s.s.; McLaren, r.f.
Robertson, I.f.; McLeod, p.
F. -A A. C's—It. Colton. c; T. Wilson, cf.; Dudley, 1st.; C. Colton, 2nd;
McDougal, r.f,; Anderson, s.s.; Biggs,
3rd; A. Dunlap, I.f.; Doufour, p.
Hod McLeod made his first play behind the bat and did good work.
•Winters umpired the game.
The Old Timers went to bat but
did not tally in the first.   The boys
got over thre runs.
In the second nobody got past lirst
baise, (
In the third the Old Timers brought
in two runs and the boys got white-
washed again.
in the fourth nobody got a score.
Pitcher Wilson  struck out three men.
Palmer and Stmt made runs in the
fifth and T. Wilson, Dudley and V.
Colton scored for thc boys,
In the sixth McLaren scored for the
Old Timers but the hoys fallod to
count. •
In the t-evtuth, Palmer and Scott
again scored, but the boys could not
get past first base. In the eighth,
Palmer, Scott, Spence snd Todhunter
crossrd the home plate in radid succession. This rallied the boys und
WHhou and Dudley added two runs
to their side of the tally.
tn the ninth tbe Old Timer* wuit to
bat In good nutuor and McL-sod. Pal
mer Isnd tipence came over the plate
again. R. Colton and Anderson got
home for the buys,
(By George Paton.)
iMan is a creature of desires and
ever since his origin his chief desires
have been for pleasure and to avoid
pain. During the early part of his
development great pleasure was derived from mutual assistance. The concern of one was the concern of nil.
The bill of fare at man's disposal demanded the social energy of tbe tribe
and its various parts. However meagre the menu each individual shared
in the total product. The breaking
point was reached wiien men increes-
ed their nividiit'tivt nnwfir-_fa_V-*lhc-nap.
On amount of purchases
60 p.c. of profits 2238.00
On Investments on shares
25 |p.c. of the profit 932.50
Ordnary reserve fund allowance. 12 p.c. 447.66
Reward to     tha    ^corn-
Reward    to    the    committee 3 p,c. of profit        111.90
Extra allowance for reserve fund   granted by
the committee 800.00
Pro ratas for Dividend-
Total amt, purchasos
during 6 mos. beginning
Jan. 1019 to June 1913
(Bills pdf only—cash
sales not recorded        J35970.09
Pro rata amt. purchases     *  .
6.20 p. c.
Investments    on     stock
shares 14246.64
Pro rata on Investments
 on shares 6.50 p.c.	
Reserve Fund — .Existing
-reserve fund
Extra allowance   for   reserve fund   from   tbls
Ordinary   reserve    fund
allowance from this dividend
11024.02
447.66
more fully when the usei t» which It whole country, than any other, he-
can bo applied is well undirMood. <suse it will confine IS« encrgi* i to
With the valuable cooperation ot the the one object, leaving all other mat-
Board or Trade, tho Kod   and   (iuniters to be cared ror by tho   proper
Club and the District Automotite Association, the Tourist Association can
do more than any otht-r or*a.al»attou
by way of bringing the adviMUa*<*
of the Pass road and »U magnificent
scenery   before   the   people of the era oountry
bodies. A long pull, a strong pull
and a pull altogether will be certain
of wonderful results In the Hue ot
bringing tourist travel over the finest
roada and scenery in the whole west-
ES5S35B
GUARD AGAINST FIRE
%-JSO
■**
'^■'m
®?>1^
'        ,-W -*■.:
of tools. Now the possibility pre-
sents itself for certain individuals to
satisfy their increased desires for
pleasure by Inflicting pain and long
fuJTerlng on their fellows. Human
slavery though necessary for human
progress produced the Gladatorlal
Arena of the Ancient classical: period o f Greece and Rome.. Chosen
victims of superior strength and
daring were corralled to encounter
fierce denizens of the forest in that
fatal theatre of murder for the pleasure of the onlookers.
Tho virtues of the early communistic system were drowned In blood and
tears of the tolling millions of chattel slaves and freemen. The Patrician
element elevated ou the backs of human automatons have come down to
posterity riding on chariots built from
the riches sqweewd from the sweat
and blood of the active unit cells of
the social organism.
Innocence, Ignorance, and superstition lingered through the dark ages
when victims were an easy prey to
those ln authority. Untold suffering
predominated when it was a question
of furthering the animated desire for
pleasure in certain rlnssoK. Man
against man and class against class
fought and gored the ox that decorated tho rich nwin'a tabic. Tho hidden
treasure of the <*rth lay dormant
waiting on the hand or the great machine to lift lt rrom Its natural bed.
Human energy with the use of the
big machine raised and killed the
modern "ox," representing tho wealth
of the world, thet han heen blaected
dlseeted, torn to shreds, beaten, fried
and roasted and divided amongst the
Capitalist, groups of the world since
capitalism originated. In the year of
our tard 1914 mw the hungry monster frothing at the mouth. That
secret Lodge known as the "(innd
Orient" revealed by V. 11 VorowMi
coiled up ready to dart and quench
Its thirst from the blood or those thut
must fight for the laet marrow bone
of Ihe ox. The ox bone and a number
of barnacles could be Used to satisfy
tbe desire* of the reptile army of
money mongers hotter known as the
Russian Ohhrana and the "tlrand
orient" or Prance. Turkey the Ox
hone. VStypt, Morocco Tripoli, Tibet,
China. Korea, Persia, South Afrtean
Republic* and other territories tha
barnaclm.
Tlie mighty volcano bee*ma anir*
in 1914 the bone waa thrown and tho
{Master's dogs were loosened and
slwed ou **cb other In a titanic atraff-
file for the tut bone of th* t'*pit*fi*t
en Kxcruclating p#ln misery.
nternaikm *nd d*3tb to nnti*ty tbt
desires of men have prevailed through
ttmt ling yesr* of wav. The ftetor-
km* dogs netted tht tmm* ood tstd tt
at their master's tnnt. Th* boa* haa
uow beeu cm1m4 ever tli* If it- nt th*
ftom eoaferwao* at Parts     It la*
vMM end d**ro****d ****!** Vb*** ih*,'   ^^   ^ m/4im ^    ^tg^trntot
Keservedfund or the Coop    2271.68
This nmount of $2271 €8 Is to be deduced from eventual «urolus resulting from next Inventory,
HINDU WORKERS ORGANIZE
NEW YORK—An Interesting sign ot
the' times ts the faot that the Hindu
workers in this country have recently
organised and are making strenuous
efforts to bring together in the India
Workors' Union of America the
1,000 Hindu hand and brain laborers
in this country. The headquarters
ot Uie new organisation Is at Broadway, New York.
The Hindus are organising not only
for their own protection. They desire
to keep themselves Informed on
world labor conditions. Thoy further
wish to acquaint their American fellow workera witb labor conditiona in
India. An information bureau will
therefore form an Integral pan of th*
union'* equipment. Aod finally, they
are hoping that th* knowledge of Ute
existence of such an organisation in
America will pnt heart Into tho tollers
of India In their struggle for relief
from foreign capitalists exploitation.
—«<, o —
Music a Passion Wtth Russian
Proletariat.
LONDON'-One ofthe most Intemt-
In** phases nf life tn Russia stnre thi
revolution has been tk* passion for
muilc displayed by th* masses of the
people. Alb*rt Coatee, an Kngllah-
man who haa Just ratoraed from Petrograd, wh*r* for y**ra h* was oa*
of th* principal oonduetore of Um In-
perial Opera, aaya tlw Ruaslan proletariat throngs tboattr* and concerts.
Tk* educated nusiMoriBg ptMfa
of tenner days kaa alamt Mttraty
dlsappoarcd, Ur. Coat** says. Tha
oae that has takaa Ita tfaet la • nt
puhllo consisting of work people,
paasaaU, soidi*rs aad sailors.
It kaa oftM bap***** that aft*r •
«MM«rt totot motto wmmm kit
rtma aad fomallf tha»k*d M aad
tk* oreMatm for tkt |l**sar* on but
glttm Umm. Oft*«, aft*r a an*
phony, a group ol work paopl* hav*
crowded round mw and takai to hav*
axptatiMit  things ki tk* autalft thay
t*jk Ag^ff mmJktmt^^tmitmk^
tony obomot   o
ORPHEUM
THE HOME OF GOOD PICTURES
Saturday Matinee 2.30.   Saturday Nights First Show at 7
Friday and Saturday, July ll and 12
'Mrs. Charlie Chaplin (Mildred Harris) in
"When tx Oirl Loves"
If you like a big, dramatic love story, k rich with thrills and romance, and the
most talked about actress in the country in tlie title role, don't fail to see this
great Lois Weber {/reduction.
Eddie Poloin"Tlie Lure of tHc Circus"chapt. 3
"An Aerial Disaster"
Mr. Charlie Chaplin in
"Easy Street"-two reels ,
Monday andi Tuesday, July 14 and 15
"A Nymph of the Foothills"
Vitagraph five part feature I
"The Woman itt the Web'Nepisode 11
One Reel Comedy
        ,  __- _ r — i_i *    ', ,     J, ,.
Wednesday and Thursday, July 16 and 17
"A Noderu Lorelei"
featuring Tyrone Power and a huge cast of swimming and
diving girls
Two Reel Comedy
MiinjimiiuiilliiluiiiMiidi"! 17m ■* mamnnSBB
FRIDAY and SATURDAY
Jesse L. Lasky presents
Sessue Hayakawa
in "The Honor of His House"
#    I byMarion Fairfax
HoUOlnl directedby
-Geeii=BrDe-Miile
"THE
MASTER
MYSTERY"
2nd episode
Fatty
Arbuekle
comedy
"HIS
WEDDING
NIGHT"
Another
Croat
De Mlllo
Production   	
Teeming with suspense, chock-a-block
witli thrills, with a thread of [glorious
love woven through It all* The best
picture that Hayakawa has ever made;
one that we are proud to show.
Paramount Arbuckle Comedy
MONDAY and TUESDAY
Ann Penington in 'Sunshine Nan'
Mack Sennett Comedy and
Eddie Polo in "Bulla Eye" serial
WEDNESDAY and THURSDAY
CONSTANCE TALMADGE
in "Up the Road with Sally"
Hrsi Ee Todd
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SUMMER WOOD
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NOTICE
tiggm, Sawmill
Men ud
CwNtneiion Wwiers
Tha strike ef the B* O*
Lofgart, tlelsn la atill an
In all aamaaalafistliaa
T.P.
i. o. mm min
Faicifie Ry.
WBEKBNDFABB
FERNIE TO ELKO
&BET8N$1.15
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