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The District Ledger 1919-05-02

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VOLUME 1    NO. 38
Printed By Union Labor
Nugget Jewelry
pme in and see the most beautiful display, of Solid Gold Nugget
Jewelry at the Fernie Optical Parlors this week.
We Sell
In Competition
With Other
The profits go back to the shareholders.
Put your money where it will earn the most
and do the most.
Full Stock of Groceries, Provisions and Fruits
Special: Braids Best Tea 60c.
Incorporated 1907
Alberto readers of The Diitrict Ledger will And it to their
admntafe when visiting Fernie to stop at the Northern. The?
will find it 0017 and home-like.
Ueento No. 10*1770
Hlfh disss Day tad Nlfbt Cafe in Connection
Kuropean aad American Rates.       See Us for Special Rates
Phone 30 Private Booths
President Christophers Tells
of Presnt Situation
In District 18
To The District Ledger: same day on which the foregoing com.
Kt the Annual Convention of District | munication was addressed to Mr. Mc.
18 it was decided to ask for an exten
sion of our present agreement until thc
declaration of peace, and in accordance with action of the convention the
following communication was sent to
the Director of Coal Operations:
February 27th, 1919.
W. <H. Armstrong, Esq.,
Director of Coal Operations',
Dear Sir:
Owing to the International
Executive having called a con.
vention for the purpose of but.
lining a policy to govern ! Kb
membership during the period of .
reconstruction, and aB we are-uot
in a position to meet the West.
era Coal Operators Association
for the purpose of making a v^age
scale agreement until we are! in.
formed of the policy which wli] be
outlined at that convention which
will meet in Indianapolis on
March 18th, we would ask toi an
extension of our present agreement until the conclusion i of
peace, along the following
First—There shall be no change
in the present wages or working
conditions (wages to Include the
H. C. of L. awards).
Second—That the continuance
of the present agreement until ihe
declaration of peace shall in Ino
way prejudice this district in apk.
ing for an increase ln the wage
rates. ,
Third—That, the present eofcn.
mission for the settlement of dis.
putes shall continue in force at
least until an agreement is reach,
ed. :
Fourth—That negotiations for a
new agreement shall   be entered
into within thirty days after tne
declaration of peace.
Hoping the foregoing will receive
your earnest consideration. '
We remain, yours sincerely,
.——(Signed) :	
P. IM. Christophers, President
Edw. Browne, Secretary.
Your executive officers met the
missioner and representatives in
ference on February 28th, and at
meeting the operators objected to
extension until the conclusion of pi
as they considered that the time
too indefinite, and It was agreed that
an, extension should be made until the
policy committee returned from In.
dlanapolls. In accordance Order No.
116 was issued to that effect. When
the delegates returned from Indlanapo.
Us, the policy committee was couveh.
ed and the following communication
wan sent to W. F. McNeil, Commis.
sioner of tbe Western Coal Operators'
April 2nd, IMI.
Dear Sir; %
The P#IIcy Committee of Dis*
trict 18, U. M. W. or A„ desire to
meet the representatives of the
Weatern Ooal Operators' Assocla-
tion on Wednesday, tbe 9th, 1919,
for the purpose of asking for an
extension of tbe agreement as
outlined by the International •
Policy Convention.
Yours truly,
Bdw. Browne, Sec.
It may be of somo Interest to note
that on April Jnd, 1919,   or on the
Miners Wages
Cut At Cardiff
And Edmonton
Ballets Counted Saturday, April Mth,
We, your tellers, have counted the
ballots for Hoard Member, for Sub.
District No, 7, and have found tho result to be «s follows:
nn □ po cro d d d did a an a a:a a did a d.qqu
Great Clearing Sale
Garden Tools
All at cut prices
1 The Dttthie Company
R     S      8     it
Having received a letter from
Neil, Mr, Armstrong issued Order 123,
which stipulated that the wages of the
employees in SubJMatrict One-should
be paid at tbe ratt? j>er hour, as specL
fled In the schedule; agreement, that
is that the men wb?j formerly worked
nine hours and now woek eight, should
be paid eight-ninths of .the schedule
day rate, and the men who worked ten
and eleven hours were to be paid at
tbe same ratio. This order, we understand, was issued after a conference
was held in Ottawa and which was
attended by the, representatives of tie
Department of Labor, Western Coal
Operators, and P. M. Draper, secretary
of the Trades and Labor Congress was
called for consultation, by whom, or
for what purpose we are At a loss to
understand. We are, however, inform,
ed that Mr. Draper said that order No.
123 was, he considered, a fair shake.
What surprises us is that although In.
ternational Board, Member Livett and
myself were in'Ottawa on March 24th
and had an interview vi^h the different
parties directly ronc*tf|b«e(j; at the De.
partmtent of Labor, tlris matter was
not at that time mentioned. To all
appearances neither the Minister of
Labor, the Director of Coal Operation,
or the Coal Operators conaidered it
worth while at th&t time. ;
The Policy Committeeinfused to
accept Order No. 123 when they *»iet
on April 9th. We met the operators
on the 9th and 10th In joint ..season
and after the question had been discussed at some length the offer of the
same terms as contained in Order No.
24 was made to the Policy Committee
but only applicable to Sub-District One.
This the Policy Committee rejected,
passed up to the Director of Coal
On April 23rd, while at Fernie, I re.
ceived from Mr. Armstrong tho follow,
ing telegram:
Calgary. Alta.. April 23rd,10i.).
P. M. Christophers,
Fernie, O. C. ,.•*•« —
Regarding elghLbtfwr JaV dis.
' pute I am now in position to render decision. I would therefore
appreciate If you would please
come to Calgary on to-night s
W. H. Armstrong.
In reply to this wire   the following
was wired to Mr. Armstrong's      as.
slstant, F. E. Harrison:
Your wire received. Will be In
Calgary in the morning. Believe
I have ample evidence to sustain
our position.
P. M. Christophers.
When I had received the foregoing
wire from Mr. Armstrong I naturally
thought tbat he wished a conference
over fRe dispute, and you may Imaglno
my surprise wben less than two boun
after receiving the wire I was Informed
over the phone by Secretary Browne
that Order No. 124 had been issued,
and the rates fixed without any further
discussion In the mutter.
The Policy Commltteo met on the
24th of April and decided that a coin,
mittee ot the district* officers ohould
Interview Mr. Armstrong and aak for a
reconsideration of thn order. Tbe dla.
trict ollicers obtained the Interview but
Mr. Armstrong absolutely refused to
discuss the matter. The Policy Com.
mittee then decide to ask for an In vei.
ligation Into the dispute, and the following communication was addressed
to the Commission:
April 26th. 1919.
W. 11, Armstrong. Esq.,
Director of Cosi Operations.
Dear Blr:
Acting under tho Instructions ot
tbn Policy Committee, application
Is hereby made for the npnoint.
ment of a committee of six. rom.
posed as follow*: two to bn sp.
pointed by the Director of Coil
Operations, two by lhe Western
Cosi Operators Association, and
two by District 1». 1'. M. W. of A ,
for the purptw* of mitklnf «n lo.
ventlgallon ln»o lhe working ron-
illtloris and ft** nf wagnm of tho
emplov.ee* of »h<* Vrew'* v**«» i*» ***
■Tml Co, snd th* Corbin t'ml Ci,
who were formerly emplwrt ton
and el«*****■» Umr* p*r d ■■»:,, *',,.; ur*
at pwwent employed ><lf?h! hour-
!   ptr day.
Hoping the foreirolPa will r«-
■   reive vour ««>rlfni* ronitlilorsllon-
j       Wm n mull), your* slHM-i'ly,
P. M. Chrlstopher-i, I»r**»f»l*Mit,
I *IMw   Th»An.tin   •i»*iM«rt«<,»«
I   The difference In   the former rste I
,u. *a*»i* *xm. oxm,* m a* p»i'X ttiiint|
J«rd«r No, 121 art as follows;
J Rate* i
j under I
I order
So tt* !
lil      doctKtn
$197        nt*.
4.34 *«e.
.197 tl*.
4.22 3«c.
m       3«*
i ti       rt*
kdmonton, May 1.—The Twin City
Mine at Edmonton and the Cardiff
Mine have posted notices of reduction
in wages taking effect today. Pre
sident Christophers and Vice.Presid"
ent McFegan, of District 18, are both
here but the mine managers so far
have refused to meet them. This matter has been placed before the Commissioner who says he thinks Dis.
trict 18 should make a new agree
ment for the Edmonton and Cardiff
fields. The District officers have re.
fused to make an agreement for these
fields previous to making a new agree,
ment with the Western Coal Operators'
"Labor and Capital are partners,"
said John D. Rockefeller, Jr. in a
recent speech before the Chamber of
Commerce of the United States.
Partners?     How partners?
A Scotch miner named Robert
•Smlllie told how at a hearing of the
.British Royal Commission on the nationalising of the coal mines.
'Wr. Smillle: We know of private
companies that have paid In two
years their total supposed capital
back to their investors. They paid
106 in two years, but they;did nol
publish the balance, sheet. Mr. Smillle
asked whether, assuming he paid a
dividend of 10 per cent, a mine owner
would get back the whole of his Invested capital in ten years.
Witness: That is true of any Indus.
Mr. Smlllie: Under the conditions
prevailing in the mining industry for
the last forty.flve years mine.workers
have invested their lives in the mine.
They do not receive more than keeps
them to go on working. If you could
capitalize the life and work of a miner, all that he gets folr that is a livell.
hood, and at the atiri nt tttn  yMr8.hu.
"is" a loser by ten years' work. . Is that
equitable or just between Capital and
This Is the kind of a "heads I win,
tails you lose" partnership that has
become forever Impossible in England
and that will be impossible in the
United States too, when the workers
wake up. The master class is willing
to do anything for the working'cttss
except get off their backs. The master class never will get off until the
solidarity of the working class makes
riding uncomfortable or Impossible.
•*—-Scott Nearing.
. ;.-^*&^'?**£9\,''    «•."*
Above commission will hold meetings in Calgary, May 3rd
and 5th, and Edmonton, May 6th, for hearing statements bearing on subject of procuring permanent improvement in retar
tions between employees and employers, and for providing
for review of such relations from time to time by those concerned, with the view of improved conditions in tbe future. The Commission is desirous of obtaining information aa to the character
and extent of organization already existing among bodies of employers and employees. All persons possessing information
which would assist the Commission in its work are cordially invited to attend these meetings.
One Big Union Sweeps lrre-
sistably On The Road
To   Victory
The ONE BIG   UNION   is already, way Trades have unanimously endors-
showing its irresistabillty. Never in
the history of the labor movement has
there been such enthusiasm and powerful approval given any advance step
such as is being given to the O. B. U.
In District 18. and in fact practically
every place where tho vote Ib being
taken. *r...  ■
—Ht^-jriH-biTBOTne weeks beiore the
complete vote will be available but in
the meantime we are constantly re.
ceivlng great news.
From District 18 we have already re.
ceived the returns:
Fernie, 683 for, 23 against.
Michel, 322 for, 12 against.
Wayne, 178 for, 1 against
Bellevue, 276 for, 14 against.
Hlllcrest, 313 for, 11 against.
■Brule, 259 for, 6 against.
Canmore, 193 for, 5 agalnat.
At Medicine Hat the Federated HaU.
To-Night & Twice
To-Horrow at 2.30-7.30
Cecil B. De Mille'fl
—Super Feature—
Geraldine Farrar
The Celebrated Optra aad Screen Star
"The Woman
God Forgot"
by Jeanie MacPherton
In "The Woman Ood Forgot" (let-
«|(|ln*p Farrar rlif« to Ihe height of hex
screen career as the I'rincott* of HP*
Allocs. In lh»» Artcrafl Production
•ihe surpawtim any of hnr pr *> *»n * pi*r
fcrmruuMHi and from beplini'-uts, **> «n<l
t-htirm* the upoMaior nn w»»ll a» ih«
t(uilit»t«r> of thf itivador.
ed the O. ,B. (J., while at the same
place the movement was endorsed by
the Trade's and Labor Council by a
vote of 22 to 8.
The Manitoba FrCe Press has a
despatch from Regina telling of "the
biggest meeting ever held -by the
Trades and Labor Council of that citv
wnd-tire urst meeting at ■' which wo.
men took part. It adds: "A motion
.supporting the ONE BIG UNION car
rled unanimously, the women sup.
porting it with the. men.
Tonight Alex. Susnar is to address
ft big meeting In Lethbridge, and Joe
Knight is speaking in Michel both on
the topic of the ONE BIO UNION. On
Sunday afternoon at what promises to
be one of the biggest meetings ever
held in Fernie Joe Knight is to speak
in the Grand Theatre, Femle, on
"Why the ONE -BK3 UNION Is sweep,
ing Canada."
Bankhead Local  Will  Not
Endorse One Big
The following communication will
show that District 18 is not absolutely
unanimous In favoring the ONE BIO
UNION idea, We are not Informed re.
carding the result of the vote on the
ONE BIO UNION question at Bank,
head and presume the committee
which prepared the following was ap.
pointed by tbe local union. We trust
that tbe rank and file have been, or
will be given a chance to vote ao that
In the totalling up of tho District J8
vote the correct lineup can be secured.
Kdltor District Ledger,
Fernie, B. C.
Dear air and Brother:     I am In.
structed to have you Insert In the Led.
net. ihe enclosed staiomont of Bank,
head Local Union's attitude   In
mnl* in    f.ti»    prnpeved    ONK
Thanking you for the space.
I'rattrn.illj joum,
rnnii Wheatley,
Evonmo—Adults, 26e.; children, 1»c.
Matinee Saturday at IM. Adults,
18e . Childrat* Pt**- (Vauc an* t}u**U
The Sweep Of
The 0. B. 0."
To Lotal Union* IX*trict IS, V. M. W
of A.
As wi» havo decided nol lo enilorup
be in It'll ned   form of   organisation
known nn lhe ONK BH!  UNION, we
1-ropoH* io **"t forth our reason*   tar
3i"i**  ami fittitnlt thr> following.
A# no pirn ut otntminnt ion b.** Im.*»-»i
*iilmi'tt«l lo th«< rank and ttle of lnbor
w* contend mult « plan ahould It" «<ui
■ iitttt.t iit)l«r«« in vut«i i* iakt«n »«i mxot
'"ur roftnKtiun with »<iir pr.-Mffit    or-
j Ifi i-n|i|itri «»f Ilil* *rt>n(enilon. nur
j rit< tii (on-, i nt i m iti »',ilKnrv «,| t,i,ut*.
, *uirk»*r»» Imvt* ngr**H to «t«v wl>h tht"
!li!/iii i uillm-il li .'.'«».ctiiri min.. Anr'.i'r*
|of the 1'nlled Staltwt,   for a »j-c,ti«>ir
it*,  i*
Who men .. .!«-'>»
Water tendir IJ4
Wiper  IM
Breakeroller 4.f>8
T!fM*lmi!«r IM
fee fiewwn % **
'^* 1   bhrb'd th* n*d*r tvisi* ««>lrt for»^» »M
Secretary of Local Ualoa No. 1079 toltv* --•»■» •» «w» ••>-••* m—m nf tnhtt
t\**9     m-M--t.a*0     0%*mO      tt     Ot* ■*.*,**     mm**, m.     -m      *m „  .     I     ' ....
the e1t*rt that If tt.t*r* wnn tl pojjfc
Willy of a reepfid >U*Mleo thst nrib.
er 8, Cetitasco wished ta wttMraw
Htm ihe fte!J, which tronli five %
Benson a msjorfty vote, wa therefore
declare A. <fteit««ii as Hoard Member
frr SaMXttrfct No 7
Wtttita Pattersea
Urbane Stella
it* ib* Vro*k***t* t*t »»w*t** »t* rm thr
*t*b> honr ahtn »h*» r«*» mn*' toil**
the ***** *******'i— ••» ih*t* ■*■*""
w*m.     A* the m*n*r •land* at or*
»*»»*    W0   .9*   M'»l»-«   *9t,    9    -..99*    *9    ..
Ihe TMreetftf nf frf*1 rtfeat^rr.. *,   t
•hefher or net b* w<II elHw en I"
v'^ttsattiui tiit') <fM' -lU'iittuu. iu*! h'
the meani'm* w* ar* otaervfat Pre-
sfdent    tfTtson'*    fsmntis    epltrtw
yrvKnrvL waiting.
* p. M. tOaintopbora.
at the mm
Sunday AftfT-
noc n it 2M
All Seats Free
i !n*'r<>:in*'  la  m**ft<*   ned
jUtuiy tl n'ltoti i»» mint" HOfktrtt thai
i nan brought <h-   depte-f nt puittmn*
I« h*r* we now P.mA em***hft'. <*■ * y.rt,
I fer to acrefrt the paHcUw of tn*    i»r-
IganfHitlnn whlrh we know of.    and
'^h'rh nr- *«**"'1*rr    *o   **A\iT,r-t.-rt ,.*
raider than arwpt tho««   mf a vag««»
Iirii|m«ttiir«n *wrh n* nut Until by    ihf
nut hor* of Ihe   propowd   ONK   IIWJ
UNION, with a total of 85,000 for their
ONE BIO UNION comprising carpenters, bakers, barbers, painters, eu>.
We further recognise the fntlllty of
theso strike advocates for a sli.aonr
day, without having first agreed on
such a plan of organisation, and with
no funds to support tbelr followers.
These tactics have been amply demon,
strated by the I. W. W. advocates, who
In their various sectional strikes havo
broken the spirit of Industrial Unity
amongst tho working (.lasses by star*.
ng them Into submission In the past by
their hot air policies, which we ara
desirous of avoiding.
We further call the attention ot onr
mine workera to the scabby tendencies
of many of tho*e working in and
re-1 around the mines, who still refuse to
BIU join uut uuiuuh, vtliub Is -oompelllna
us to strive for a close.shop. and lo
ssk: What hsu thn O. B U. to offer ss
a solution to this trouble? True It Is
that they say the method tbey advo*
mtn will be cheaper, and knowing
t!if> tendencies of thu men who desire
cheap unions, as compared with the
men and womi'n who have made *%•
item* tMHrlflpwi io keep thHr orntanlta.
Ilon alive, me aro doubtful of thw sin.
rarity of till* n»w move.
M'i. mm««<<*! io all mint* «•< n,,.m tbat
! b# fori* w* r-HlnriDMh our prrs-fnt form
jof imtirtluii, wn haw ouiUiuhI Ui us,
ii pliin nl urniiiiit*tn,ii thut niii tn the
«piin»val tif ih« rank snd ttit> ot the
wtir'-lttc 'It** i>f IM* r'niitiry Wh-Mi
iturh .i I'lan In mitllnH and arr<<<l to.
t|n-r«. intt !>*• tio r»'»*"n f" *d<mN witfi**
tht- miii" wtrkfr* tulnnd T1u>> have
It*.on in th«» v«rt of nil pri"irrt»»it»|r-ji lnbor
t(«»*i«mfrt»ft atttvf thi» trmnr'irmlon of
tin* triiilt' union m<ivi«m<»fit, nnd forth.
►T. •*•■' Inland tu i>u>U mm altn* 6t» thftlr
litKltil rotitlmi<»i!, and eotitrol    and
„.,..,...fc.   •*.,<   ,». .,,*..(> ,1*   itlt   it,*:  *«-»»tt« 01
■  ,*,,.    ,...!,.      »   ,   I    f,   ,    ,V ...      I'. ,
And rfmain, vnnrm   for   tn'!iiitHal
5 Unily,
Thuiuas llattlti
i Iwonl* Smawlofio
Wllllnm Onkf*
ii,  .. i'* *
William McDonald
Mike Novak
Fernie Sporting
i iTKIT*—The rap editor weat tof*lte*» *P *»* » »«» «t *pm notes, tt»
.,; oi Mnx.itny to mb* tr, iho foot. Jf "f """T*- Hr- ***** W0 **r* £
i.    ' m   .i*  i   ,*^      m       h*l,J "»*•* ,,,r ■*"* tteeb, *h«B    tbt
m»tn am aim-n in toe mod oo fpi,n* comer will ha nanwallr vafl
b.imt'   fn ronse<i«efict we ara filltd   Watch oat for It
^*m"-*'~^* v-rl**? .':
A country coal mine in good location; scam 3 ft. 10 inches;
good dry roof and dry mine; newly developed; also storage
bin to bold sixty tons, and blacksmith shop with ail necessary
equipment.   For particulars apply to
 —.. t^ €>?***  ..... —
umi 111 .* it i^isniiucriiJsniirTriTTT7T:TT^ji^ ? ■r^T??"''7'''''1'
—        eg!
of the
Loggers of the Interior Country Take Notice
The Loggers of the Coast Districts have formed an organization known as the B. C. Loggers' Union, industrial in its
scope, comprising all workers in the lumber industry, and construction camps, affiliated with the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council and the B. C. Federation of Labor.
We invite all Loggers in the interior to join hands with us
in a united efi'ort lo bettor our conditions, which can rtnly^be
done in Ihis manner.
Organizers are now on the road and will pay you a visit
in the near future.
So get ready!
For further information communicate with E. Winch, secretary-treasurer, (il Cordova St. V*.
Dave Rees  Replies   To
Criticism qf His Attitude On O.B. U*
Editor District. Ledger: unions; against dialing wiih for-
Your interesting issue of the i *[Sn organizations and foreign
18th. inst. to hand. Permit, nie to!agitators. We had the press of
brieily comnieut upon the editorial i N'anaimo editorializing along this
and other matter pertaining to my jlinfc on,y som(J- months ago, de-
prcvious letter. 1 will not Ueal'Moiistrating conclusively their hos-
with all the inucudo that appears,,: tility to International unions and
but make a. few statements for the
benefit of those who have. uot
reached the stage where they generally judge all others—especially
The workers will decide what form
of organization they want. I had
heard so much criticism of International unions that at the B. C. Federation Convention I certainly
agreed with the question of taking
a ballot on the question of retaining or severing our affiliation with
the respective Internationals. It
was well to test the issue. My
good friend. Lawson, I was forced
' to smile when you wrote of "trepidation." You surely din't mean
it; you who, according to your
own statements, have been intimately connected with thc big g
working-class leaders in Chicago. &
Directory of D.M.W. of A.
those holding different views to
themselves—as diabolically base
in all their motives and actions.
Re my prospective visit to Ndva
Scotia.   This was certainly not inspired from any 0. B. U . stand-      *    .      .
point, but has been a repeated re- hear it said that the International
openly      advocating      National
We can recall this line of talk
and writing in Nova Scotia. Vancouver Island and elsewhere many
times before. .When we heard this
we were strongly of the belief that
National unions were suggested
by employers owing to its suitability to their interests.   Now we
iitgnsif gnmzjnTntniy'"T*y™^^ i■ i m t iTirnmirm^E
Tony Derico
Communicate At Once With
809 McLeod Building, Edmonton, Alta.
quest from Nova Scotia mine
workers, especially Brothers Barrett and Baxter since their attendance at tlie Quebec Congress
last September. My files '-will-
bear out this* statement.
Let me say*to the president of
Humberstone Local and yourself
re International organizers visiting
Nova Scotia. I know of none other
than myself going in there, and
time will tell whether I go there to
"combat the4eal spirit of unionism."
You have previously written of
the great men of the East.    How
premiers and practically all the illustrious men of Canada have hailed from the "Far East" of Canada.    You tell us in your editorial that "Nova Scotia is not without its progressives in the labor
movement and there are no firmer
believers in ONE BIG    UNION
than the heads of the miners' organization in that province.   Barrett, and Baxter and McLachlan all
understand the futility of craft organization but are not yet fully
aware of the workings of the International at Indianapolis   .   .   ."
Surely we cannot lose sight of  all
matters over night.   You read    a
lengthy ' personal    letter    from
Brother McLachlan in District 18
Convention in February.       McLachlan was a delegate attending
the 1911 Trades and Labor   Con-
iaEnBg- nf Pflnnda nt. Calgary      and
Headquarters, 316 Beveridge Building, Calgary, Alta.
President, P. M. Christophers,    Vice-President, Alex. McFegan,
Blairmore, Alta. Brule, Alta.
Secretary-Treasurer, Ed. Browne
•     Mr M* Km* Ik
Sole Agent for the Pass for
Lethbridge Brewery Products
Best Wholesale I'rictss to Hie Trade
Top>Noteli Prices Paid for Bottles
E. PICK, "Tbe Bottle King"
The Alberta Hotel Blairmore, Alberta
If You Want the BEST tn Meats Phone or Call on
The Meat Man
Dealer in
Fresh and Cured Meats, Fish,  Poultry,  Butter,  Eggs,   Etc.
Delivery Prompt Prices Samo to AU
Plume 103 Corner of Tt It Ave. and Victoria 8<.
Blairmore, Alberta
tfas then an officer of the U. M. 'W.
of A. Therefore, if your state-
ments are correct that thc officers
in Nova Scotia are 0. B. U. advocates with many others, the writer
single-handedly is hardly going to
be able to hypnotize these men and
lead them along fossilized reaction-
ary trails. There is quite a difference in bolstering Craft Unions
against Industrial Union*—a thing
I have never done—and the things
I advocated in my letter.
Yesterday I saw for the first
time a circular issued by the
Seattle Trades and Labor Council,
dated March .12th. 1919, which
has not boon published in the B. C
Federationist or Ledger, Said eir.
culnr contains much that is in
keeping with my previous Idler.
I am told tlint prominent Vancouver advocates when at Seattle endorsed the plan, Imt the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council have
not yot discussed the proposals. 1
know not. why.
Wo see some very neat litt le. re-
fcronees to Ihe employers, press
and labor leaders who are alleged-
lv knocking tbe ONE UKHW10N
idea. Oh, sweet forgettery, ths*
long suit of the worker*! How long
ago Is it since we heard the ery of
rmplovers   against   International
union is what the employer*wants,
1 am convinced that employers associations generally would not welcome a strong growth along the
U. B. 0. lines advocated in my
last writing. Surely our 0. B.
Uites will not argue that the British "Triple Alliance" is a welcome
organization for the masters.
In your editorial you speak of
constitutions needing   reconstruction and nobody knows they need
it better than Rees.  You will find
that Rees in the proper "place always advocates progressive changes.   None to my knowledge have
written or said anything derogatory of the writer's action in  the
Policy committee meeting at   Indianapolis and why?    I advocated what I considered constructive
and radical policy, absolutely    in
conformity with the desires of District 18 Convention.   Among other
things decrying any suggestion  of
our coal being shipped in competition witli that of our British comrades and suggesting co-operation
with them and comrades of other
nations to the end that we may be
assured the demands   of shorter
hours, nationalization of essential
industries, etc., which are general
and popular demands at this time.
I ara convinced that District   18
delegation to Indianapolis  varied
though they are in opinion, eannot
complain of my attitude   at   the
policy meeting.
Let me~relr"MT
and elsewhere this many years
past. Your "Big Three"* will not
compare with those with whom
you have long associated, thus we
must smile at your trepidation.
Reference is made to my believing in parliamentary action. Let
me remind my friends that the 0.
B. U. of Australia, in apportioning
their per capita, pays so much for
labor paper, and so much for the
political wing.
Owing to my movements in the
near future I may not be able to
read your next issue for some time.
Consequently will be unable to
pen any speedy rebuttal to some
statements which may seem queer
if not answered. However, I am
satisfied to have my record with
the Canadian labor movement answer for itself. Time is, after all,
the most impartial arbiter.
I have seen many critics in my
few years in Canada. I have seen
some of the strongest make very
peculiar changes - when charged
with the least bit of responsibility,
and this in District 18. Think it
Dave Rees*.
1545 Charles St.
Vancouver, B. C, April 23, '10.
sume our friend Rees is by this time
within the sound of the beating of the
Atlantic surfs in the province which
has produced the "illustrious men of
Canada," including the present prem.
ier, the present leader of the opposi.
tion and the present speaker of the
House of Commons—all lawyers,
by the way. Nova Scotia abounds In
There may have been "tnuendos" in: a
some of the letters we have publishea j j|j
from different members of the rank i (3
and file which referred to Mr. Hees
but we trust he does not think that our
editorial references contained such.
We can forgive the smile at the re.
ference we made to our "trepidation"
In going opposite to the views of tho
"Big Three." He's right, we didn't
mean it
International Board Member, R. Livett
District Board Members
Frank Brindley, Fernie, B.C., Sub. Dist. No. 1
John Brooks, Bellevue, Alta. Sub. Dist. No. 2
Chas. Peacock, Lethbridge, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 3
John Kent, Wayne, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 5
David Fraser, Brule, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 6
Stevs Begalli, District Organizer
District Solicitor, II. Ostlund, Lethbridge, Alta.
have often said before. Its not
how little will we be satisfied with.
Workers who give their position in
society some thought agree that we
want nothing short of the whole
works, lpit.we seemingly always
differ tis to tire tactics to be. used
to reach our goal. Some say now
all would be well if everyone
would work whole-heartedly for
the 0. B. U. This may sound all
right, but the same might have
been said years ago, if all our progressives had worked with the Industrial organizations. But industrialists woro reactionaries some
years ago,
Mr. Miner, my proposal did not
call for stepping backward, as
even Editor Lawson admits, nor
do I rave about what is or is not
being done. I very humbly submitted for those caring to read
what I considered a logical way
to-make progress by promoting
amalgamations of industrial union*
or as I -staled; "United Big Organisations."
Now, Mr. Kdilor, as to Hayt*
being a four-flusher. I don't consider it my task to defend othen».
but I liis I will say. my calling
Kdilor Lawson a four-flusher
doBon't necessarily prove him one.
The District Ledger is irytflg"To
press the views of the workers of Dis-
trict 18 and has favored and' is favor,
ing the .ONE BIG UNION—the vote
now being taken would seem to tpdi.
cate that we had sensed aright the
feeling of the District. Mr. Rees ana
Mr, Levitt and ,Mr. Wheatley had tbe
privilege of opposing the ONE Hiu
UNION and of expressing the dpinlon
that a few individuals were to blame
for all the trouble the big unton Idea
is creating hi the mind* of the powers
that be and of the international labor
machines. They could hold such
opinions without being (to quote Mr.
Rees) "diabolically base In all their
motives and actions." For our part we
are absolutely convinced that there
was nothing baso In their motive gr
opposition. They beMeve that mas*; ac
tion it unwise, thafan abundance of
well paid leaders Is necessary to the
lnbor movement and that present con.
stmittona! restrictions nre tieeenmrx.
Tley have not the faith In niaMmo«;
went that some of u* have pn^UW
lack eonMenco (not without spine reason! In the. .workers ever showing a
united front. „«_«.«„♦
We hope Mr. Rees has a g£™«J
trip around the mining *WrteU o
Owe Breton. Tnvernm, P ctou ami
Cumberland. He will «pt be «Uo lo
hvpnotlte Barrett, Baxter am} mc.
Uehlan ond he will (Ind score* of
others poor subject! »n which to
practice hypnotic art*. On the other
hand he will And some hondrtds. if not
thoui»and«. of the workera In Nova
Hcotla still hopelessly «mmc»H<t«l l» th*.
political web nnd we hopo he will not
of Local
2633 .
1098 ..
 i.-s_-a j\	
Fernie, B.
Michel, B.
Corbin, B.
Coleman, Alta.
Carbondale, via Coleman
Blairmore, Alta.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
Hillcrest, Alta. '■■'■*
Lethbridge, Alta.
Federal Mine, Lethbridge
Coalhurst, Alta.
Commerce, Diamond City, Alta.
Taber, Alta.
Bankhead, Alta
Canmore, Alta.
Nordegg, Alta.
Wayne, Alta.   .
Drumheller,  Alta.
Rosedale, Alta.
Aerial, Alta.
Drumheller, Alta.
Drumheller, Alta.
Monarch Mine, Alta.
Yellowhead, Coalspur, Alta.
Lovett, Alta.  .
Oliphant Munson, via. Coalspur
Diamond City, Alta.
Mountain Park, Alta.
Mile 22, Coalspur, Alta. .
Pocahontas, Alta.
Brule, Alta.
Humberstone Min.e,
Kvansburgh. Alta.
Cardiff. Alta.
Twin City Mines,
9710-85tli Ave
Sturgeon Mine, Kdmonton
Harry Martin
;   Henry Beard
T. Hagwall
John Johnston
Dan Rogers
Rod McDonald
Evan '-Morgan
Frank Lo to
Charles Peacock
Matt Petras
Percy Spencer
Albert Zak
Frank Wheatley
N. D. Thachuk
James Bewsher
John Kent
T. P. Thompson
Hy. Smith
Emil Usibetle
.V. Parker
J. K, Adams
Robert Parry
J. P. Morris
K. Lund
Joseph Ormond
Tom Shannon
Pete Tissiuo
W. C. Stephens
L. A. Williams
Mack Stigler
Box 488, Edmonton
Ed. .Eastham
Will J. Keen
Chas. Taylor
W. J. Bourque
Robul Jones
John Jordan
Clover Bar, Strathcona
Coal City, Taber
Regal Collieries, Taber
Elmer Burk
William Durham
G. II. Davis
8 ~"~ d
add to the Intrljracy of the situation
by talking any more politics.
If he -will pardon our suggesting it
we would ask him to refrain from
starting any "Interprovlnclal conferen.
ces" down east. However much we
may hav<f criticised the "Big Three"
we have never failed to keep In mind
the fact that they were leaders ;n the
bringing Into being the Weatern Inter,
provincial Conference at Calgary and
when the time comos to write the
history of the ONE BIO UNION they
will got a ful measure of <alther the
praise or the blame that will at Uch
itself to the formation ot inch a Bol.
shov Ik organisation as the O. ft. U.
jj-2.60 per month provides you against any accident and
every sickness, and pays #40.00 a month frolu the day yon arc
laid up,
Particulars from
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. Fernie, B. 0.
Claims promptly adjusted from this oflice
$1,000 Victory Bond
The "other fellows" are willing to spend millions of
dollars to kill out the One Big Union idea. We haven't
the millions but there are a lot of us can rustle "eight bits"
and the more rustlers we have the sooner we'll get there.
THM II TO OIV1 NOTICE that one thotnmm! rwulet* of Tlw
District I**dff«r eaeh want 1 tlollar'a worth of aha re in the
,.<m\r*m ^Mnry of th* OMF. nm VWQN.
fbt Dollar ii to hi Uut ttt tbe following address: V. It.
M1UOUKV, Ubor Temple, Vancouver, B. C anal tbe rmtjrt
Witrrot w«l he acknowledged through The District Ledger in
gronps ot one hundred to not* e*\teme vt n»*u*« »imw§ aim
I* stage.
O. B. U.   I
V. R. Uttttny. booty. Central   Con-
anlitu*, hobot Ttwtl*, VtMwmr,
n ti.
Oettttw OTttitPmr;
KwctoMrt tot 0 Cellar te httf ts woof   THI   OMI   i»
IOX. ▼«« umi wt wwi ■• ea to
Mtotmmmm  nK-Vl^k  ill WNtfIPRSVwlil|v
rtctlot ttoengt tie DtttHet Leiger,
tnwtW wtttt ib* toltmra nt «h» bom*
mr wootm tko tmmmmn.
Tea aeolal onto aay wonr la ra*
nul ta miIm Uu latM-nt oa   mi
nt^^wwm     a^m     ^^^map^^^n/m     ^matwa    w^w^^^am^^^m     amamt        wtmf
•lata ef tba boot. We all aa»nl ta
tetooex uat hi ton mam frwa «tae
otter fafle*."
T«H» fov THE OKC BW CtfK)}?-.
ynot* ,	
t »*.* * a a a*.•m * *...Oo*
*oa*mm **m*.»*•*, THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 2nd, 1919
Debs'Appeal to the Workers Before the Gates ofthe
Penitentiary Closed Upon Him
Ex-Board Member of District 18
Finds   Great   Enthusiasm
The following speech was delivered by Eugene V. Debs on
March 12, before the Socialist Party of Cleveland, Ohio, and it was
his last pablic utterance before he entered the Federal Penitentiary at
Moundsville, W. Va.
•'How true it is that there■■ is.a divinity that shapes our ends,
rough hew them how we will! It may seem strange to you, but iu
my plans, in my dreams, I did not think of going to the penitentiary—
and I—I had a thousand times rather go there and spend my remaining days there than betray this great cause!
"So/far as I am concerned it does not matter much. The margin
is narrow, the years between now. and the sunset are few, and the only
care that I have personally is tlmt I. may preserve to the last the integrity of wiy evrn soul and my loyalty to the only cause worth living for,
and dying for.
"It is so perfectly fine to me to look into your faces once more,
to draw upon you for the only word I have ever had, the only word
tliqt has ever come tome, thc only word that I can ever speak for my-
" self.  I love mankind, humanity.   Can yon understand'? ,T am sure you
"We are eijjse of kith and kin, we are human and when we get
into close touch with each other we come to understand that our good
depends upon'the good,of all humanity.
"I am opposed to the system under which we live. I am opposed
to the government that compels you, the great body of the American
people, to pay tribute to an insignificant few who enjoy life while the
great bodjr of the people suffer, struggle, and agonize without ever
having lived.   Can you understand?    I am sure you can..
'".Let uie get in touch with you for a while. I am going to speak
to you as a Socialist, as a revolutionist, and as a Bolshevist, if you
"And what is the thing that the whole world is talking about?
"What is it* that the ruling class power of the-world'are denouncing
upon which they are pouring a Hood of all tlieir malicious lies—what
iS'it? It is the rise of the workers, the peasants,, the soldiers, the
, common'man, who for the first time in history said, 'I have madewhat
there i.s, 1 produced the wealth; I want to be heard.'
"Now, for the first time it. history, his bowed head "lifted, he
stands erect and is beginning in his grim strength to shako off the
m-maclfis. straighten himself in the sunlight, in his gigantic-attitude,
opening his eyes, beginning to sec for tlie first time, beginning to ask
why it is that he must press his rags closer to his body, that he may
i;ol .ouch lhe rich man's costly silks that he himself prod need-- why
it i.s that he must walk in alleys, while he is forbidden to enter the'
great palaces he lias creel od—why it is that lie must* puppo.rt.all the
banquets of the world that he may not taste.
 *j,ii4».-ig-li""f*Isiiin"'-4-£-Ihink.   Th'tt ?." I?ol°hey;£"?!.  Tlmt—j£-t4ve-¥Q-
volulion in Russia !  That is the'beginning of the end of capitalism and
the end of the beginning of Socialism!
"And because we say this they are going to put us in jail. ■'With
every drop in my" veins 1 despise their law and I defy them.
"The earth is beginning to shake beneath the feet of the profiteers.
.. "Have they outlawed the red ilag here? The red necktie? The
red socks? How perfectly foolish! Have you heard about the pepe
in the middle ages forbidding the comets to appear? Why, the other
day the chaplain iu the House of Representatives asked God to give
Congress wisdom!
"I am appealing to you tonight—the crowd, thc mass, thc common people—I do not care anything about the Supreme Court, hi*.
gowned, befcttored, hewhiskered, old fossils, corporation lawyers,
overy one of thom—-they have not decided anything. Tliey never hav.!;
they never will.
"Sixty years ago thc predecessors of the same body confirmed thc
validity of the fugitive slave law. They declared that a black man
had no rights which IiIh master was bound to respect. They imagined
that chattel slavery was secure for all time. Anil within five year*
that infamous imtitutlon was swept from the land in a torrent of
"They did not eare to meet the issue.    They did not decide that
the Espionage law was constitutional. They dared not put that decision upon record. Have you read that law? The amendment is that
law that makes it a crime for you to criticise crime in "the United
States? That makes this country take the place of old Russia under
the. czar?
"Ilave you ever read it? Know anything about it? Know
that it is a gag upon your lips, fetters all your constitutional rights?
That law—do 1 respect it?    No!
"How perfectly fine it is to stand straight up and do what
Wendell Phillips said: '"When tliey pass that kind of a law, put it
under your feet.'      ^
''Do riot say a word against war—not one. That is treason—to
the ruling classes. They make war; you do not. You never did. You
paid all the bills, shed your blood, made all the sacrifices. You do not
say a word. Have your limbs shot off, your eyes gouged out, gassed,
comeback, and then hunt for a job. "
"The finest thing I know is to carry yourself as a man—face humanity, look up into the sun and not feel ashamed of yourself; walk
straight before' the world, and live with it on terms of peace, look at
yourself without a blush. Have you ever tried it? If you have, you
are a'Bolshevist.
"The great world is in travail today. A great upheaval is shaking the foundation of capitalist society. The master class are driven
to extremities. They are going to establish a League of Nations to
preserve the peace, to prevent war.   What does it mean ?
"Simply this: That the master class itself is staggered by the
cost of modern war. Here arc all these modern nations, great and
powerful in economic and military ways, straining to harmoftize their
various conflicting interests. In theory it is perfectly fine; but how-
ridiculous it is to imaging for a moment that the interests of nations
that are innately in conflict can be permanently harmonized.
"■What"does it mean? li. is the last, desperate, temporary expedient of the master class, the commercial interests, the economic interests, to prolong their sovereignty.   Have you any views on it?
"Who is it tliat is making (lie terms of peace? Is it not strange
that the great,-common people., wlio.shed their blood, fought the war.
made* the sacrifices, should have no voice in making the terms of
peace? The working class—the working class,-which for 1000 years
constituted the slaves*, the tragedy of history—I. recall it as I.-speak,
1 can sec across all the centuries, thc patricians of ancient Rome in the
amphitheaters, while they poured their slaves into the Coliseum to
destroy them for pastime—and through the middle ages., how the
serfs were killed for their profit and glory—through all that, I can see
the working class, ihat youth, the victim of the ages, the martyr of tlie
centuries, you who went lo war when it was declared, you wbo were in
the trenches, you who shed your blood like writer,-'.you who suffered
the sigofly that human speech can never tell, you who bad your limbs
■Ivf* I l»ll I I I I > 1 >    11^,-iLl t-li-r« -fv     ■*« f. ■■ {* ri    ■*•.■,    -4 1-. ■**.-*■» -i     -rinrtrt/v    .--. a» ff.-.
Alex. Susnar, ex-board member
of District 18, who has been at a
number of camps in connection
with the ONE BIG UNION movement, writes to us as follows:'' The,
0 B, IJ. is a great favorite with
the miners everywhere. A new
day is coming! The days of the
mis-leaders, Gompers and company
arc about gone. The wage slave is
wakingup from Ins loug sleep and
dream and is beginning to itreaiu
the wakening dream of the abolishment of the capitalist system of
exploitation.   A rcvo It of slaves?
M-i-n**   i...   tltn   t.n   i x.   J.t.^*v^  **..     1 IM.
V ***•.njrr-rx^iT-o—wn*-*. -mi -vii-ui- |»i;uv^ <. uittiti\i,*7\tj-
representation there.
''just a second-hand one, Sam Gompers. 'The other day Sam,
fourfoot Sam, was banqueted by a sevenfoo.t Russian duke, a«d the
duke was in poor, company.
"The world is in turmoil. Where is youi? representative; where
did you elect him? What did you have to say about these terms?
Not one real representative, but politicians aud diplomats and thieves
and liars, the. tools of your masters—that is who is there.
"They are going to make the world perfectly safe for democracy,
and that is why I am going to the penitentiary.
"You can think a bit, and T want to stir you into thought and action. We are on the eve of tremendous developments. The w&rld before your eyes is being destroyed nnd recreated. Russia is maikng a
beginning, the Soviet is just a sample. They have shed some blood,
they liave made some mistakes, and I am glad they have. When you
consider for a moment that the ruling-class press of the world has been
villifyinR Lenine and Trotzhy, you ean make up your minds that
they are the greatest statesmen in the modern world. In that brief
space of time they have done more than all tho capitalist governments
have ever dared to do in constructive work. They have refused to
compromise. They said to the eld reactionaries, 'You will not have
any voice in the government until you do useful work.'
"In every previous revolution it was said that the working class
was not ready. Russia did not know that it was ready; that is the
trouble with the working class of the world.
"What have they done? They have given the franchise to men
and women all over the republic. ° They have inaugurated many beneficent, changes. They have said, 'We do not want the recognition of
the United States, or of any capitalist government.' That is fine, inspiring; I applaud it with all my heart,
"In Germany thc same spirit is at work today.   We do not know,
we cannot tell; the despatches are meager.   And so it is in Bohemia.,
Bulgaria, Hungary, England, France, and in the United States''of |Fiy'.8pod.'m,n' ' <ri,n sense it-in
.   ,•„„ *„*■■•      tll(! an'.     We are on    the   home
America. * i  .    , ,     „-,,       -       ,, .
! stretch,    there is nothing to stop
"They are going to suppress the red flag; you may not carry a jus. Society, like the so-called In-
flag except under your vest. That is the level of their statesmanship. itm'atio,in,sv"rp hankrupt moral-
Aren't you proud of it? Hv aiul 'hiaiu-ially; ho longer can
u   ' 'they take care of their members.
In Germany—do you know what is going on there?   In spite ofj All the   ref; rm    doctors   cannot
all opposition, the Spartaeans, the heroic followers of Karl Liebknecht j much longer prolong its life. Long
and Rosa Luxemburg,'the most magnificent and heroic figures    in j live thejobel spirit of tlie human
Europe,in modern history.-—They are dead, but the revolution lives, janum
and their magnificent souls go marching on. L-,,,, ^Z^^ZJ^ZTt-~a««« «-rm
'At the beginning they said that the Bolsheviki had ruined and! UATION
.bankrupted the country of Russia,, and in the next breath* we read,1 	
that they are financing the revolution everywhere.   The daughter of j    christinnia, Norway—A proposi-
Trotssky stole 50,000,000 rubles, and Trotzky never   bad a daughter, j tion    is   before   the    Norwegian
The wife of Lenine went* to Italv with trunks loaded with gold, and she j Storting (parliament) for the in-
never has been in Italy in her life. .", ! ^>"'tj(»> «'£ «?'<■■ 4«-hour week   m
all the industries ol Norway.   Phe
a calumny    which|proposition is accepted by lhe gov-
"Is there a lie tbey have not told?    Is there
they have not circulated about Lenine and Trotzky? lernmcntal party, and the adoption
"They are fighting for vour liberty, for vou. if you onlv knew, i0* .   IS assu|*etl- ,,,„„,„
.. T ,    .       :,    * L *.., .  \,      " \ .     ■  "   ..       i   .Agreements lor about     100.000
and I am only loo glad to pay my tribute to those meu I love.     -Mm". }mj ' jr*ja| workers in Norway ex-
this line Congress is making an investigation. The Overman committee jpjre jn the spring months.   Notice
has discovered that there is sonic Bolshevist agitation, in the United!has been given.   The workers ox-
States.   It is.to be ended
•16 of onr working people.
bv deporting, without trial, without hearing, ji^t substantial improvements   m
wages and longer   summer vacations. .The eight-hour day will bc
"How perfectly brutal and infamous and disgusting an example! established legally.    Bul  a wide-
of how capitalism treats its woikingmeii.    Compare the hard, horny i;spread eoniiict is unavoidable, and
the settlement may take place l>y
palms of those who are to be deported with the* lily-white hands of the * ,.      . ...
,       d        \> it     ,.,' in,     1,1 ii •oblk'flforv arbitration, winch was
deporfvs.   ^ ou can see llie diiu-ronoc.    I lie deported were the . pro- ; ^^ •„ Nonw,y.SOM„, years
diicers.   if tliey are to bc sent abroad, 1 want, to go with thein! [n^o.   This arbitration thc workers
"What vou and all of us need in this hour of trial and travail i.siseek to avoid.
The Norwegian General Federation of Trades Unions bus lately
been aimmenied by thc adhesion of
The world is;)lu, i?i,iiAV.lv Men's Union and lhe
working-class solidarity.
"We need to-unite.    We need to get -together. We need, to feel;
the common touch.   We need to recognize our kinship.
.gainst us if we arc not for'ourselves.   Through the history of the: union in the postal   service.   AU
iges vou have" been oppressed, vou have been downtrodden, you have ['these unions have until now held
»een exploited, von have been degraded.   Wheu you go for a job-to the j aloof from the sociahstj- l-lera-
,       , ' ,*■      ! v.-       ii -l      vi.   , i Ition and have been rat hei     con-
uasler. class you work undei' conditions Ihey prescribe,   lou depend . sorvntive. but thc -tnrniiiK    point
~uo voimiu**-iiiiN";
upon them loTTDors; yon worK ror i iicir~ncneni
This is capitalism
v    "The system in which you enrich your master and impoverish!
yourselves, tbe system under which 5 per cent, of the 'people"own the pondent)
wealth of the country and the great body of   the people   struggle
through all their years for an existence and pass away without ever
having enjoyed one hour, of real life.   How pathetic and tragic it is
that in our land, with its boundless resources and treasures,      its
machinery, its workers, everything for production for every man, we
have in the midst of all these benefits the great body of tlie people
struggling for existence.
"ITow foolish it is to vote for the perpetuation of such a system.
Yet that is exactly what you do when you vote the Republican or IIn-
Democratic ticket, or any ticket, exeept the Socialist. While you are
doing this the master-class looks upon you with sovereign contempt.
You who produce everything, you who really create, you who
are conserving civilization—is it not humiliating to you, the bottom
elass, the lower order f That is the system that you support or help to
destroy hy your vote,
"I appeal to yon just once to stand perfectly erect in the majesty
of your humanity. You owe it to yourself,
"Look into the eyes of yonr brother and see the new light that
(Conttnapd on pnpo sovenl
came, anil now   1 n.es>e■ inmnra-Trnr
cnunted among the- most radical.
(Olav Kringen.   Special    Corres-
Twenty-three (23) acres of
Fruit Land, in Crestoji district;
half mile from Erieson Station; a
clear title. Will exchange for a
house, or good auto. For further
informal ion apply
Ikllevue, Alia.
Solicitor for District 18, U. M.
W. of A.
MacDonald Block
Lethbridge, Alt*.
The District Ledger has one of the finest equipments in the Canadian  West  for the production
of high class printing.
We are  prepared to supply on short notice, at reasonable  prices,  business  stationery   of every
kind, books, catalogues, booklets, posters, invitations, programmes, circulars,   iabeis,   tags,   capcis  and
anything else that is printable.
We have a fine selection of papers and envelopes and will be pleased to submit samples and prices
P. O. Box 380
At the outset the Draft Boards used
the same physical tests that wer<
employed by tbe army in peace times
Tbe tests were abandoned because "1
found that these standard:
Owned, controlled and Published by District 18, United Mine
Workers of America. Subscrip-
Advertising- rates on application,
tion price S1.25 a year in advance. '■
Thoroughly equipped for higl
clas b printing1 oi every descnp-
Phone No. 9 P. O. Box 3f
i  of  i
when the supply of volunlei
arily exceeds the demand, a Mch . .
sical standard may be exacted. Wher,
a necessltv exists for great numbers,
many minor physical defers must per.
time will Sold no terrors for the working class.
Those who think for a moment that
:he future holds no danger for the
forces or labor have not studied the
question. Everyone who has given |
thought to it   knows tha'    - win. the ;
labor forces must be skillfully led, and
then labor can only accomplish Its
purpose by mass action. Its attack
must be auick, its actiou sharp and
decisive; it must be devoid of senti.
and prepared to take any mea.
Albert B. Smith \S
—present s—
gh in the Web," the fiist episode of Vitagraph*
marvelous new serial photepl*
The Woman in the Web'
i a
a steam en.
The argument of the economist la
oased on theory?—I don't think so.
They are borne out by facts. If- you
have a- shilling to divide between three
persons and give one person 2d; another 4d. and another Od, it is bad distribn-
Has a vote ever been taken
mines as to whether they needed
did not need baths?—I don't think    a
rote bas been taken.
The Plate In
Your Mouth
jLaaiiiaiaiaE®iias a [raaaTaaa^aaHii
| Heartrending Condition s In
Homes of Scottish
IN the course of onr practice
we are constantly called upon
correct the defects and trouble
casioned by ill-fitting improperly constructed plates   made,   of
Gnrse elsewhere than ia onr awn
laboratories.    Generally speaking
eh plates   have   to be thrown
away as they are an absolute men-
ce to the wearer.   Plates that we
make we guarantee to fit and give
n      omfort and servi
Bring your dental troubles to us   without   fear or misgiving.
Lethbridge Office: The Ott Block
Calgary Office: 115a 8th Avenue East
3 Cristall Block
In Bonie Scotland
Eggs for hatching from matings of
pnrt" white, large bone, finely shaped
birds at from $2.00 to J3.00 per sitting.
Satisfaction guaranteed.'
C. GILLETT        Box 501, Fernie, B. C,
Pedigreed, hred to lay.. First and
second, hen: first and second pallet;
flrat, second and third cockerel:. sec.,
ond cock; first and special utility pen
at Fernie Poultry Show. Eggs. $2.00
per sitting. Puck Eggs for sitting.
Fifteen pound Flemish Giant Buok tor
F. STREET, Hand Avenue,
West Fernie, B. C.
Tomkins' strain.      At Fernie show
won best male, second pullet, first pen  '
and. best display eggs.    Two dollars
and Sve dollars per fifteen^
Weat Fernie, B. C.
, Single Comb Buff- Leghorns and.
Barred Hocks. J 1.50 per . setting.
I Heavy winter layers. Two Bnfi teg.
I horn cockerels [or sale.—Joe Turner,
] Hand Ave., Weat Fernie.
. Barrister, Etc.
did  the  Dnkt
li.lUn- no will pHnL ymir tulil rtffl-s
!..- Imtnlri'il h.iih! ijiivtiloinw mid
tli.iiiilii you p.wl pnid.
i 1S6
sv Ir™ has spread South and Wei
nntl! the entire errantrj" is deperidpi
tor i •* existence nnon w?alth lhat
produced by one clnss with machine
owned by another elasq
Capitalism ha» had its pjance i
tfcp nni'ed States—two gen-xi-a mi
of.chance. . Whnt has It (Jane for th
life. liherty and happiness of the Am.
provost .Marshal fieneral Crowder
gi»es a part of the answer to that
question in his Seeond Repart on the
Operation of the Selective Sen-Ire
System. The report ah"f- tint Ibi
Oraf D'ards ex»m no) -ts ■> v* -
in «•■> prime ct «--«■> mi-hnfl. Th«
result" of these e"m *"*i —' r°
shec-W-e revelatfnn ili-i ' i -
street if flO year0 *** ""■* •'' « ""
the physical.   qnalli^    of    *m«  f
strengti i postponed adds to the
j trength of tne labor tm cIj s bnt ti .
j thp aid of the v ir in commissions bv '
[getting his emplovees to get interested
[ii the profit shar rg ptap and Ji
(•some instances giving bis emplovees
j a sharp ra tb° management h» tne"
the   impending doom   of   ms
- riarkshir
the tt
ed In.o
The capitalist class, and equally so
the governments of the dar, wonld wel-
ro-ue a test ot strength between the
two forces, provided they knew to
what extent the forces of labor wonld
he affected. . They know fall well that
[■"the fight most eome. but int
bf the party to attack.
The workers also know
test most come, and some believe that
the present is the opportune iim,.
Those; honerer. who have glv=*-n
•> r«ht to tbt> question believe tliat
- i**-i    * ** tha    the    clash    e >-*    '
ileepiOB accommodation, rai
rhieh a room was shared by three per-!
=rp=   is ii whieh the room was shar |
ed by six, and nine in which the room j
wa* shared hv more than six penuras, j prodnced
The county of Lanark had spent
ghastly intrusion you would be.
The hed on which you lie is want.
en far tiie accommodation of the
Conditions Must be Righted
iilr. .Instice Sankey read Air. Robert-
ins statement in an impressive man
and the liuotation from Dr. Rnssel!
marked effect upon     the
upon those   tm.
buildings between three and four him. I mediately concerned in tbe - Inquiry,
itre-fl thousands pounds, "The cruelty ■ There was a definite silence, in the
of it is," Air. Robertson snfd. "not only j nail for a moment" or. two. and then
Ihe spending of the money, bnt these j *""- Balfour broke in with a remark
r un wb<r improvement takes ia sympathetic tones: "After the read.
, place," are" seat back- -to. the " houses Hns of the-report,.-! am sure, ,Ur.-Rob:
IVjc-tf ihey contracted the disease." 1 ertson..we shall not want to ash you
Infantile Mortality - [many questions.   If the conditions are
.The  Infantile mortality    of twelve fas yon say, they must he righted"
month."' old children in    Lanarkshire)    'Mr. Robertson assured the Commis-
t™ lS!u to 1!»I0 showed that out  of.slon that his figures hadibeen taken
1S8.5SI children born, 22^79 died be. j from medical officers''reports.
-  they  reached    f> -   ■ ■        ■- . —       1-'-  r>'fnur asked .whether the con
In   tB!:;~      .-'■--   -*~'-i-*-Kr.* : -—■■■■h*, -,;• hn-bmroved by in.
- "   —      Tho ifttiier'—I th<nk the work does
•> ^ ^   win,    k  joo mocti.   The fault.is with the ill*
t,.,    T-.^.^Hpn  trihutlon and not-with the production
LChlng the two Inindr*
will take a rote on the O.
iMtv -tth. It is trne that the ohjeetions
raised hy.tha G.W.V.A..to the Calgary
convention Bending greetings
Soviet governmenf and the Spartacan
groun have held back some from Joining but the cut in wages and the con
tinned exorbitant cost of living have
made the men realize the absolute
cessity for something more effective
the way of unionism.than they have
had In the past
There are at present two interna.
tional organizers in camp trying to
organize Rossland and Trail. Thoy
have not succeeded, in.gettlng more
than half dozen members
Kootenay Granite and Monumental Co.
P: O. Bon 865
death still go oh In the homi
the poor. More deaths in the working
■rlass homes froiU preventible diseases
than men wounded^-and killed trom
day to day In tba great war.' There Is
no armistice in'the miners' row!. No
pensions or'rewards for the bereaved!
No march past except the funeral procession with tbe sad-eyed, relations
following the remains of their loved
ones to the grave. "The Lord hai
given, and the Lord hath taften away,
their only consolation. What bias,
phemy!.'- Let ns apeak the truth. It
'11 bring the bad conditions all the
»ra quickly, to ah end. The children
re-Jtilled because of_the.gTeed-.aud
ilshuess arising out of our.landlora
and capitalist ! system.. How., much
longer will we be-pnt off with'excuses
and explanations from those who
stand in the way of the common goodT
Bren i( It should Inconvenience or
ertermlnnta Dulles, the Peoplo
must have healthy, homes.—Yours
Bant Roafl, Hamilton, asm Momft.
Cash With The Order
il.iV -Prieps fm- l,irK«f quantities m
irnj ini't ioimtfl y lo vv er.
&lj* 53iatnc£ £i&g£r THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 2nd, 1919
Gene Debs Hurried To Prison Cell
In Mysterious haste And
(By J. Louis EngdaM,)
MOUNDSVILLE, W.Va., April 13.—
'Gene Debs is in prison. He is caged
In a steel cell, with a door of heavy
metal bars. It is cell No. 51, in the
south wing of the West Virginia state
penitentiary here at Moundsville.
This thing happened tonight, at 10
o'clock, on the night of Palm Sunday,
with Easter one week distant, and as
an admirer of Debs said on bis de-
parture, "We are ready for another
"It will never happen. They will
never da* it. They won't put Debs in
That is what the millions over the
land have said for these many months
since his indictment, and even since
his conviction and sentence. But to.
night we said "Good Night" to him
through the bars that constitute the
door of bis dark hole in this human
hive they call tiers of cells.
Debs tonight took his place—a con.
vict—among a thousand other con.
victs, -criminialS of all grides, and
shades and brands, and the words that
he uttered in the court.room at Cleveland, Ohio, during his trial, came back
to us, we who were wilh him.
"As long as there is a criminal class,
I am of it. As Jong as there is a slave
class, I am of it. As long as there is a
soul in prison I am not free."
"My God!  .How Can They Do It!"
Only a few moments before, as
they first took him away from us, and
conducted him through the turn-table
cage door, the latest prison' ingenuity
to bar the "inside" from the "outside,'.'
Arthur Baur, 'Geue's brother.in.law,
a brother of Mrs. Debs, who had come
with 'Gene all the way from Terre
Haute, uttered the anguish of an out.
raged working class when he exclaimed:
"My God, how can they do it, why
do they do it!"
Yet Debs' last message to the work,
ers of the nation perhaps the best answered why they did it. This mea.
sage was:
"Tell  my comrades that  I  en.
tered the prison doors a flaming
revolutionist, my head erect, my
spirit untamed and my soul un.
It was on the trip here, at East
Liverpool, Ohio, that he remarked
that today was April 33. the anniversary of th6 Battle of Lexington, Uie
beginning of the American Revolu.
Jiouary War in 1776, and the anniversary of the Ludlow massacre dur.
ing the great Colorado cpal strike.
For half a century tn% world has
known  'Gene  Debs  of Terre  Haute,
Ind.   Now, if the world would reach
bim through the   mails, it must   ad.
dress him:
'Gene Debs,
818 Jefferson, Ave.
 ..---',- ■*-,-I.*r   ■**  *...    ■
which is the address of the peniten.
tiary of tliis state.
■Workers of many nations have already protested the conviction of this
man, who was the center of the little
group arrived on this Palm Sunday at
this bastile, that promises to take a
prominent place in American working
class history. There were Debs, his
brother.ln-law, Arthur Baur, Alfred
Wagenknecht from the National offlco
of the Socialist i'arty, David Karsner
of."The'Call," United States Marshall
ChaMes W. Lapp and U.S. Deputy Mar.
.shall Thomas 15, Welch, in charge of
Dobs, and ihe writer,
There are no high walls around this
prison. But guards sit in turrets at
intervals with loaded rifles in tliolr
hands ready to frustrate with a doadly
bullet any attempt on tha part of an
Inmate to wlii .tho opon, The graws
grown fresh and green and free upon
the wide lawn, but the heavy gratings
are upou every window.
How Debs Entered Prison
"Don't think that I hold anything
against you for your part in bringing
nie hon*." Deb* wax evchiimtm? '•-•
Xbo Unltod Stilton Mnrsh'il :i'« if '-***-
condvd th« stop* niul entered ibis
place io which a federal indue h:*«
.si.-nli.'iieotl "Our '(H'li"" tu syu<m\ the
next ten yvir.-. of b*'- llf-» hoomi'-e ho
lii.i*!•*• » spui-ch at ('nel.ni. Ohio. ill
June, mti, nnd «so Delw sipmu lm la. t
few moments In "lb* omimIiIo" I'oruh-
in? everybody, "with unite*:* tii*v;:rd
none," uii Abraham U-.h-i-Iu put il
Warden *!...--e)*-h ?-. Teive'l n:,i    iV
•:.on phvHlRlaii. Ur-    0.  IV WlUon,
ond tier.   Through the bars   of
cage door we asked   him again
there was anything we could do for
him. .-'""■*.
"No, nothing more," he replied, "I
am going to have a good night's rest.
My only hope is that everyone tonight
could have as good a couch as mine.
Don't worry about me, comrades, I
am all right. Everything Is fine,'.' and
with that he stretched out both his
hands to each of us in turn, said
"Well, good night" and we promised
to be back again on the morrow if the
Warden would let us in. Then we returned to the Warden's offlco where
we sat down and asked more questions. Roth the Warden and the pri.
son physician insisted that the "flu"
epidemic that has been raging in the
prison, resulting in several deaths, is
now a thing of the past. They stated
that the wing in which Debs' cell is lo.
cated has been thoroughly fumigated,
and that they had the "llu bug whipped
Upon entering the prison, Debs was
not subjected to the usual shower
bath and the usual change of clothing
because the Warden said he felt that
Debs didn't need it. Although the
■Warden praised the prison fare in
high terms, he said prisoners might
send out for any delicacies they want.
ed, or that they might be sent to him.
■He said prisoners spend about $1,000
monthly in such purchases, saying
they were free to buy anything they
He said Debs would not be asked
to do any prison labor, because of his
advanced age. Debs is 64 years old.
Tbe color of the prison uniform has
been a cadet gray. Striped suits are
not used except for escaped prison,
ers, who have been caught and
brought back. We were shown the
"solitary" cells, but it was claimed
these were not used except in rare instances, while the "shackles" were
brought into use in only very extreme
cases, it was claimed.
While we were talking a reporter
from one of the Wheeling papers came
out and Karsner gave him Debs* statement about his entering prison as a
flaming revolutionist. The Warden
pricked up his ears and insisted that
Debs must not start a revolution in
his prison. He was assured that he luid
nothing to fear.
Debs Hurried to Prison
The sudden and mysterious manner
in which Debs was spirited off to pri.
son, when it was thought that he
would be at liberty at least until May
ialists' car, they suddenly halted their
car near the home of the late .Mayor
Tom Johnson and exhibited this show
place to their prisoner. Then the-race
began'again.. It ended in a draw at
the Broadway station of the Eric railroad in" the'outskirts* of. Cleveland.
Marshal Lapp was good natured as
Wagenknecht, Karsner, Engdahl, .Baur,
Mrs.' Deibel and the driver, Morris
iPrede, piled out of the Socialist car,
and he offered no objections when
the first four joined him in buying
railroad tickets for Youngstown. This
was to be the start of an.all.day roundabout trip to dodge any possible Socialist ovations that might have been
planned for Debs on his way to
Press Lied, Says Debs
Debs engaged in an animated con.
versation with his comrades and cus.
todians on the train from Cleveland to
Youngstown, Ohio's great steel city. He
told again of the great American Railway Union strike and of the six
months he spent at Woodstock jail,
near Chicago a.quarter of a century
ago. He was in the best of spirits all
during the trip and kept the entire
party in good humor.
In spite of the fact that we arrived
at Youngstown unannounced, the
young son of Frank Midley, a prominent Ohio Socialist, spied Debs as
he stepped from the train. He rush.
ed up to 'Gene, threw his arms around
the beloved Socialist spokesman's neck
and kissed him. Marshal Lapp hur.
ried Debs across the business section
of tho city to an interurban station
where tickets were secured for Leeto.
nia on the trolley. It was noon, but
there was no time for a Sunday din.
ner. The great government of the
United States Wfs so afraid of tho
terrible followers of this 20th century
agitator and martyr,/bhat it couldn't
stop for breath, let alone dinner, in its
frantic rush to get him into prison. It
was a replication of the fear and terror voiced by Attorney General Palmer
iu his statement refusing to recommend clemency in Debs' case.
"That report was based upon a
mass of garbled and lying newspaper
stories," said Debs, as the trolley sped
southward along the Ohio river, huge
steel mills blackening the surround,
ing country everywhere.
"They said I was planning to call a
general strike," continued Debs;
"why, I have no power to call a gen.
eral strike. That falsehood was pub.
lished in some corrupt, newspapers and
the Department of Justice in all seri.
ousness makes it the basis for a report
to the President."
At Leetonia we met a Socialist* agitator on his way to Niles to make a
speech. Debs .had but a moment to
talk to him.
"I have a date at Moundsville, W.
Va„" joked Debs.
Then Debs was rushed off on another trolley, this time for East Llv.
erpool, Ohio's famous pottery marm.
facturing center.     Arriving there, an.
1   took. Uie entire nation by surprise, j ^ ^^ transfer was made, this
Tho manner in which Debs was whisk.;
time for Steubenville,   and still trav.
ed away from his friends is looked up.,  „    ■       th    trolley   where we were
on by some of those closest him   as ^a , Bcheduled to arrlve at e-tf<sIock.
polite torn of kidnapping. ^hileKate;    Tho sun came out from behind   the
As we trav-
Richards O'Hare was given one tflonth ■     u h      time
tn  nronaro fnr hnr-fivo -vottre.'  l-iioar.' v "    "
r*eiien"'EBTlTnward ana itpproacneu     me
ceratlon in the state penitentiary »>thl„B of West Virginia, It became very
Jefferson Cl.toV.Mo., Debs was given jaI,pareilt that budding spring was
only a few hours. ' trying to   assert   itself   everywhere.
Saturday ^ morning. AprU p. ™ i peach orchards were everywhere in
one, purporting to be .Federal District MoBR6nii foliage was sprouting on
Attorney ESWertz. wJ'PP™;0^ d bushe8    Thu, wo Mt Blm.
Debs, called the Debs nome at Terre , benv1Ue on our way to WellBburg,
Haute, Ind and ordered Debs _ tc |crosslng m ]im that separates the
como to Cleveland. Efforts to leirn , tnUj thftt wl], g0 Jnt0 h|Btory for hav.
whether Wertz was really the person |-, Mnt nebs to pr,gon ffom the „tet0
at tho Cleveland end of tho wire were ,     w h h   , confined as a pris.
met with evasive replies, according to
Debs.   Someone also called up    the
Scott Neapin^s
Weekly Letter On
U. S. Conditions
■ ' ':** •■■-':*.
The workers of the United States
are finding themselves face to face
with a serious shortage of houses and
apartments. The .Federal government
has compiled a report from several of
the leading industrial districts which
indicates that the shortage is as geu.
eral as it is severe. . St. Paul, Minn.,
reports a shortage of 3,000 homes;
Minneapolis, Minn., 5,000 homes; Kansas City, >Mo„ 2,000; ^Seattle, Wash.,
3,000; Portland, Ore., '5,000; San
Francisco, 1500; Chicago, 111,, 12,000:
Pittsburg, Pa., 30,000; New York City
75,000. The smaller cities report a
proportional shortage of housing accommodations.
Landlords are taking sharp ad vant.
age of the situation. Rents have been
raised in some cases 50 or 60 por cent,
within the last few months and there
is a general threat of further rent in.
creases iu the autumn, Rent strikes
have occurred in a number of locali.
ties and several cities and states have
ppointed commissions and committees
to investigate the situation.
Several factors are responsible for
the housing crisis. Little building oc.
curred while the energies of the people
were devoted to the prosecution of
he war. Buidling materials and labor
are abnormally' high. Investors view-
ng the revolutionary movement abroad
are timid about advancing funds in
such long term investments as house
and tenement, building. The cities of
the United States have never adopted
a policy of building houses for the
people. No remedy is in sight, The
papers carry long discussions on tho
subject. There is talk of putting
landlords in 1ail for rent profiteering,
but the real difficulty which arises out
of the failui^ of thc present economic
system to function in a crisis has not
yet been wiuarely faced by the American people.        ,
Kate Richard O'Hare has entered
tho United States prison to serve a
term of 5 years for a speech which
was made in North Dakota during the
war. Mrs. O'Hare is one of the best
known Socialist speakers in the United
States and has an international reput.
ation as a Socialist organizer. Dr.
Elizabeth .Baer and Charles Sehenck
both of Philadelphia were sentenced
under the Espionage Act for the mail,
ing of a leaflet dealing with the con.
stitutionality of sending men over,
seas. Appeals from the decision were
made from the Supreme Court. The
decision has now been affirmed, however, and imprisonment begins immediately. These are only two illus.
trations of the way in which the
"wheels-of justice" are still grinding
along in the United States
wants of all thirsty souls.
The fanmen and other workers who
have suffered large reductions by the
8.hour law coming into force, are feel,
ing very uneasy about the apparent inactivity of the district to force this
issue to some quick conclusion. They
have found out by experience that to
be reasonable and remain at work is
to have their troubles all forgotten.
John Billy, one of our returned men,
was on Tuesday last united in the
holy mesh of matrimony, the bride being an English girl from Berkshire,
England, who landed here about two
weeks ago. Congratulations, John, to
you and yours.
Repudiates Idea That the New Labor
Body is Allied With  I. W. W.
(Lethbridge Herald)
T, BiggS, ex.President of District IS.
U. M. W. of A., was in the jity, from
Fernie, on Wednesday, attending the
funeral of Steve Begalli. Referring to
the O. *B. U. movement, he said, that
it is making great strides among tho
western miners, and he felt that it
would not be long before the miners
east of Winnipeg fell in line with it
The O.'fl. U., Mr. Biggs considered,
was the only logical outcome of the
present relations between the l.»eal
miners' organization and the International. So far as the International
was concerned it left the local miners
to fight their own battles. In the
matter of agreements with the opera,
tors the International was not so sym.
pathetic as it should be with the de.
mands of the men for better wages
and better conditions, to get these they
were left to their own resources. He
repudiated tlje idea that the O. B. U.
was connected with the I. W. W. "It
is only an attempt," he remarked, "of
the enemies of the movement to give it
a black eye."
M. Christophers Scores Them for
(Calgary Herald)
The fact that the Calgary Typo,
graphical Union on Saturday night
voted unanimously against the One
Big Union has, to use a street phrase,
severely "got the goat" of P. M.
Christophers, the president of district
18 of the.United Mine Workers of
When ke was asked Monday morning in a joking manner by a represent,
ative of The Calgary Herald if he
did not think the action of this union,
which was looked upon as being   the
most intelligent in the whole of   the
UnemploymVntVhas"decreased some,  trades federations, would have a very
.what owing to the beginning of mar.
ket"operations. "There Is still a^very
large surplus of labor, particularly
among the semi-skilled and unskilled.
Building is slack and the workers in
the building trades are generally idle,
The telephone girls of New England
have won a splendid victory. They
went back to work practically on, their
own terms after tloing up tho entire
industry in five states. Little or no
disorder  attended  the  strike  which
i oner.
At    Wcllsburg   we   changed
Debs home from Cleveland claiming to | ^n, J.Wr'tlme for AVheoiTni." where
be Mrs. Marguerite Prevey, on,t of. we n|T|vml at -M 0-clock, u was hero
Dob*' bondsmen. Mrs. Prevey derit'ss I n,nt Del)g WM permttted, for the first
the Debs   home   °n »»* j time since early morning to get some.
Who is Your
FPHE District Ledger is
*   prepared to    receive
orders for printing.
It matters not whether
you want a small card, a
large poster, a book or
a booklet, letterheads,
envelopes, statements,
billheads, menu cards,
programmes, tickets, labels, folders, circulars or
anything that can be
printed we are prepared
to do your work.
o o
We are making a specialty right now of business stationery, high
class stock and high
class printing.
far-reaching effect upon the forthcom.
Ingnreferentfunr—mfe-the inesfdeUIr
grew extremely angry, and the newspaperman waa about to make a bolt
for the door of his oflice.   „
With the supremest   scorn he ro.
marked that the Calgary typos, wheu
it came to talk unionism had. as    a
body, as much Intelligence as "could
be screwed into the   leg   of a mos.
qulto," and ho   belabored the    union
unmercifully in turning down so flatly
was handled by the Union   with rare (what to his mind was the "greatest
ability.     There are rumors that the proposition ever   presented    to   the
telephone operatives  in    the middle j workers." ..,.•,,
west and on the pacific coast will fol- j    Mr. Christophers ridiculed the idea
low the load of the Boston operatives j thnt such a class of men could ever be
with demands for a reduction of hours i helpful to tho true interest of union-
she called    the Debs   home   on »»« i ijme g|nco early mornln»f. to get some.: n„d nn lucreaao lu wa»es.- Item.   "Why," he said, "those jokers go
'Phone.                                                 ■! thing lo oat.   Perhaps It was a wtll.         American  school    teachers    are)ahead  printing all  sorts  of rubbish
Nevertheless, in good faith, and t.ik-! planned insult, perhaps not, but   thej having a dlfllcult time.     In Washing- hitting unionism and   have not   the
lug for urauted that all arrangements  United States Marshal took Debs *.o a i ton, D. C„ nn order   has been   issued f-ourage of a goose to say they won't
were satisfactory, Dobs took a Sarur- dairy lunch to get his last meal on th<< j forbidding the discussion In "current | do Jt."
dav night train for Cleveland, accoin. "outside" before entering    prison to r.VentH" classes on Bolshevism    and j    As hy an Inspiration the face of the
punlcd by bis   brother.in.law    Dnur,; M.rVe his ten-year sentonco.  The Mar- * "other heresies,"      Om?  Washington I president  lighted   up  when   his' eye
News of what was taking place reach. \ si,ai and his deputy snt nt the lunch ' jra(.her who, In response to n question i caught a glnnco of the District Ledger j
<»d tho Soclnllst Party National Ollice' counter whilo the rest of us sat i!owirfmn on(1 flf her stuilents, gave     an j lhat was laving on his deiik.    "wink j
in Chicago lato In the afternoon   and; nrouml a'table.    Dobs wns famished explanation of the difference b-Mwo-Mi jherc," he said, "here's Hollovno   local |
WiiKonluiecht and Kngdabl hurried t<ija-,„i ato heartily.   Then we boarded «  Holshevism and Annrchy was iiup^h). voting for tho O. U. V. by 270 votes i
car for lhe.,seventh tim^ that day on *0,| fnrn w<>*$k without pny. The school jas -against H. nnd this is tho union |
tho last lap of our Journoyi with teachers of N'ew York have « h«!m ; thnt is represented by Hob Levitt. That j
Mnnndsvlllo nnd prlnor.-ns our destina,  ^.'hj^j, contains k?»k lli;*!. urn   jut < eM.: will .show yon what Uu.. inimrs i.;iink.:
The District Ledger
Phone 9      :-:      Fernie, B. C
rievohunl on u Saturday night I rain
!'*i.l.*.i arrived in Cleveland Hunduy-
morning nf-" o'clock, hi"! h!« bro.ik-
tiixi and wna writing n tew' letters In
hU room at the OIlHeyllousn'Avhen he
, ,h taken into custody. The Mar-
■••IciVa otttfo pcomod Ignorant -of Debs'
whereabout* becftu<o it wn" not until
lk-putio* Waluh and Win. V. dauebat
w«n» w-tliiii-K fur m,      !»'* :- w >:'-»■
wc wi«re iitl ncnuuliitod, mnl tb-"
•-Mr. Wim, toi.if wi'.h me,"
Wurden Terrell, nml In another imi.
XI,,;:: the thrfh-dl «*:m« !ond- Co"*
Jibortv to the tomliH of living ni-*n h;i>!
Ut... '* r .,..•„:.
-Von'ro qulto n tnll mnn. Mr. Dob«,'
iiiid the Wanleii n* tho iloclrli:«IU
wiintpiiliuoit luriiUibio i.t«e auur nut*.
,4 iwi,.oU*H*\\-. tr»ii«forrlnjt lt» M*"!'.
lug from H«» "out*id.» world" to thin
"\.t*Me world" ,    „ .
-Vo*. t*ix tevt." nnwworod Debs,
phdrtintly. and that was all wo hoard
ut* thev punned on. Wo wont bno: In.
to tho wanton'* oflirw nml waited.
«<m««i tho wardon wturntd and nl*n«d
«,hoImI pnpt'fn tliat Uio already Impn-
Hint iiMMh»l am! hl» doputy |«w**nt-
„d lo film. Then wo bej?m nsW»n«
qutiMlloim nlHUit IhAin, and lb irmi.
mont h* wtmW reetlne.
"Uo will ho allowed U» write nil tho
letmn he pleatoi," wid Wanton f*r
roll "f»»»j<»*fl of <«'»tir*« to iho pr-j.on
cMiimniliip. »* mnr r«el*» vl»«or«
,wlf#» » tnonth. but tho vndaniawlJnR
*ormH to b* (h«t xMUttn eonxim
from mmn dl«W»r« would lie •|lo««l
tn »«*' ft-eb* nt mXwnti my ll.«w».
mo Wnr&nn irrlnklH bin brow 1«»«
"thl 1," nr," rt*.l*t**-1oe* *m pnp*r*
mtfitin** nnd hook* »«it to I>»b«.
-Ko," be MMi "•»« » ">«T •»,«*
Itoto «hM«. m beim^tmto** «^J»
ont twont tli» tdtm fMtaoto. noma
. i..*,, \.9,.r, « **•** oWael tm ih'tn
iiiiit XtnW nelMtm tlit iwijw|-
wttut conoltnd, tb* tfTfm •MJ'**"'
that til *mtorn, no wttter h«wr pront
Debt  inini-tdlti»ly  «i«»   '"wr  *»»
***** l »m tit rl«M." «yt 0»b*
„rrrSA fn my tfo«*mM»t td l»w«.   «»w
tfaat'a tmaxtollem lm **.*H ^WU-* *U.
During thiw last lap of our Journov,
Delist tu,rnod to us for u inojuont, with
\w--t tho fltolcrr of n tired feolbg in
YA:i t'\o*). Vet he waa umlllnK tho old
familiar Delw KmiUi ;ih ho unid:
tnlloued .\!rn. i'lovov wilh her siBtor.! "If I wore lo engage In twitlrp
Vr.*. Ma?' Dolbel, Wagonltuorht nnd i wisnld y:ty how str.'injw ll in thai i
Kngilahl. (hat the} fumis! Debs in hit* j lnvo boon orgunizhiij labor for half
"nnui. Wo wer<' nil grooms Doh'i ., ,,,,,.(„,._,- .,,,,) ,„ ,v t ,,-,„ (,,,;„,_, t x|ff>n
"Cotul Morning'' whon Mrs, Provoy 11,, j-rlwon by orstinlzo.i workers, i«o*t
nnticod iho uo Kirangora In ibo room!,,,' uu.m wearing the button of thoir
and nsdiod ih»-m wh;it they wnntod.       crnl't in ihelr ImtK,"
•Wi- have come to got Mr. Dobs nnd!    ft  u.ui )!ti-r.!l!y true,   The condn-.
tiko him !•• tho MarHbnl'H offlco," hhM j tors, tho brtikotnen. (In> (lronion,   iho
■ *\vr.
of the totnl mombcTf.blp of tho u-sielv. jof the O. 11.'1
!iik for;-o.     The leaded of tho mlon  i.dllgonoo."
:*ro ooitHtnndy under (iro n'o
vfl-stiRiition in now.   iinUr u»>
iim the activity of all union ^
In it mtmbor of Htios n vu'Olo
'  m.iiuoomont ba.** been mado thut Soo-
lallKt..; will not In* rmp'-ovo'l a« "<-h<K>l
t.i-oherH,   Any <--ufrrccstbm in ft*o oIumh
room that omi b.> lutoriiroi-d us "i'.»1.
sbovl-Kt" in ukc-iI mi n rea non for mi*«.
irr- nil  rrirlleul    nr llbornl    t"!ioberi*.
Toaohors b"V«- t<> la»t> 'ho eUoleo   ol
plavitiK ml*' «>r UwinR their j»l»*«-
• -that Ir what f call In-
All Ratepayers whose taxes
are still unpaid for the year 1918
are hereby reminded that inter
est is being: charged at the rate
of 8 per cent per annum.
A tax sale will be held on September 30,1919.
!V;>uty Owbat.
Mrs* 1'rovoy stood uh hor   rightf* n*
bo'inuntinod, neither h'-il .Museowlt?.
nor lt.'\*>S btwyov*; sio> oliHiited ih;»t.
ho oniirv pf":'■■"du»K w.m inv*u!iu' «u«
iiiHintod thut tbo dopntlett nhotiUl await
tb«« urrlvwl of ibo attorney Wolf, ono of
t t-l..,' ...mnsel. who live* In t'leveliwl.
*i*::'-d!t"<>"-: ,    tl.e    m;'* ■ TO)*"!!,   itll      U'.tiuti
men. Helped lako I John t;> prison,
lo-oW np to H;e t-.loopy lutinltl nf
- Mnwdxvtllo, nml lo the hi:i|i> prison,
il;i'ii» gavo u.-i bif* Ui*i woi'i.ii*. io Ijih
:eoinrndos t'vorywlioro. \i,< i-iidt
i "Ak 1 itm nliont to enter the prison
• *-|i«.r« f wlu|| to u.-iol to 'ho P'-eblW*
ivput) Waluh vetted up MarKhul Lapp of Amorlra who Imve wi loyally ntoo-1
from «ho hotel oflho, aftor whioh h<* t hv me xliioo my flrxt nrr-r.it. thl» little
returtioa to Hob*' room. doclarlliK "I I nu's*«n* ot lovo nml ohoor, Tbone ore
tin ordered to lako >«u t« iho Fodowl | pr-fRtinnt dny* «»»ii pronilntnK owm.
Htilldlug, Mr, D<b* I hnvo n I'nited-Wo nro all on tho throjihold of lri-
Hiiiiox Supremo four: ilimdnle." ini'iuloii.i *rliiiii«ei»..   The worlu-ri «f llu-
"All rlKht, 1 »im readv," ropllod j world nre nwukonlnn and heittirrlnr
Hobn and i<r" finipiitlod th« dopiity jthomrelvo* nn novrr hoforo. Ml iho
Marshal* dov.ii i,. tbeir avjtomoblU'and , f i.c* xb;,. ;«re idnylue npini tho mud
W hoar nieither hir t lurk story
front one oi mir returned boy*, A
wools nj'o or niore tb! returned m;m
l.ll uh If be f-oiiM d(t h Hltlo Jlsrbt
viorU, ho nrpliod to th-' tiKont who »|»-
purotttlv |« rmiiiiiiK tbo Labour Hu,
ron ii for tho Fernlo nnd ndjoininv;
dttitrlrt. Tbt« ma)i, bv mme Mr (*lar,
Mko, ttho n r«ttiniei nuin, Infortuo.l
blm tbat bo wa* *Mr u* j»«i 'tlm n
Job »t tt.'!* per dny workimt nt   tbo
N'OTK. In the HiicrooillnR im 110 ofj
'Jin' (.'iilunrv. Hornld, Andy Havimi, n j
•■member of f'aluary TypoKriplilral;
I'iiIom, N'o. AV.t," iv.u, u {'oliinui und n]
}•■']( ri-ply 'ii th" jibuve, Wc :in* .*i(ii'r'. '
wo -ttttmot pot It in ihln Iskiio but will',
hold ,5l f;ir ix-m. v.t;.^. It toll.*, of tlm*
"mortn-rv hi-neflti" •-at ]>rl:!ti.i'ii hnvo ;
bt thoir unions jtvd of thu honm tin ',
union b:i'i f'trnKod i'ud tn.llrm tirjt.t. r>,
,   -r, :>'ij. **   ... ij-- I   *i. *    t'i.  '*   \-.  *,*;:'
t-'-vor |l"*:>'!v ivi.iM'.*^."    It <hl!iH  tli-'
To the Mine Workers of Nova Scotia, Greeting
waa taken t« tlm Marabal'a "tntf    In orti world sre inaklttK   for tbo   ovur.;   ,        f klmli.rb»v, uni bo wnnld tot
tho Podorn! bulbliii-K I throw of d«>atintlani In all It* fortiii nnd
Faarad Sympathy for OtbtT jfnr th« < maiirlpailon of Ibo mamiea nt
In hplii u( thi* iMrlt hour. ** n*t**\., niHiikind. I »>h«)t bf In l-*rl*«u In 1,,**
Iv numbor of rtoetatlata bad italhored nl |dfc)« to mmn, b«» my rovolmkmitry
lbs hrtttl. and thi»y cIm'WmI liobn a* «i»lrlt will he abroad and I ahall not
Im. »p!*'«r-<l «»«1 ihoii l«lb»*«'4 blm »«MIm« ink«-Uv«*. IM u* all lu thU **x
th« r«ler»l ItulldtDK.   One reaaan for ■—
premo   hour   tnoimre up to onr full
»t«.l,u,re ami work   touiMlior for   tlio
freal «««« lhat m«an« umanrlpatlon
I bull to tbo foirolotloti"*
Aa Ifcibn body waa locked away
tlf.w »*»*l'irty iil**yliiiy«il by tli* M^rnl
ofRctala »nd lh« ip»ed with whkh th«y
rtttt    *.*., * f ..9*    »,\*iir9   nr,,    t't.   ,,...'->■.'     *.***-.**»
ir, Xi„ tonrot 1* i\** titfi 'but novo-ii-nd
«oelall«t« bad nnlfkly plannod a l^ha
xiToteat, malting for tinmlay afmnioon,
•lid wWfli IV*ni aw*  atibon tttt*   nm... ** .
nonnwd to up***-  ItowHnf hM MT fmMMlW piN«   <»»*   »•«»«
Mila prints In r*d adwiHalng   tMa |«mi» ««*««« him rtwi«.
.,.fin*tlr>l»   inifi.    rtt'ti.'***   firi.r   *1*tl   t<*1 *•
iflehlnd thii aAXllllr. howerer. waa
h.Vi ,* U» i,..i\,
him »i» IMt: rotfl 1, d rmtrnntood
Ipiiti prostiiitin^ tii* li -'.Sor uf iiittuiJur.
Hon to tho hir■*■* whrw ho arrlvod at
Klmberloy, he wrm lobl tltore *iw n
Job libido, Uio mini: lur him nnd tb-.-
WdiroK wnn ft «« por d»y. !*lnrt« thnf
wan lo«*   than   *l\   Wt*    ih«n   ron.
tniMnit  tn*   ttiir t*^t***tt  HI*  ftt**   ■****!
Wh#n h« wan l*»avin«. how*»or. •h#;w»,^|,(rir„ ,,H4     „.„» ,^,,,Z '
im,--*** ku.a litiu in »»»> <«.» •'■»>■ "«';'■■»_ _"■ 2'''. ;I(m» <!• (lino aro nn follow*;  Hi
eft   braiiei'e-   itf  llli'  I'lini'  l!li)', clii. ■i*i'
r.nd l. i!ltei.-(.<hi.r «n lnt*re>uliiir tin'
vi- »r" 1'iiro onr r s><ii-r-t will i<i,o»v it
anil th;r ovon  rro--:iiii-nt Cbrl-itophor-^
< :*'iti-nt be poo*ot» nt >(i biforot'ii':' no:
• ■;'«•-•!" d'-p!'-   !'-    ■'•tu'-'Alisit    \v-i"
n;on« pornnmillilo;-,
An old mor;. i-i told by DjIimu,
Hlatistlral t.T£uhi'-.*ii„u iii » r...,.t t
•■»«rnwc*u-r Lou r." Prka» ara cow.
len down bi»-.«u«« wag** ar* *tr**dv
lm,i,nn ancl »he werk.r tare, attntn
Hfunrsit'tn <,,f the   vnrlioi,    r'rti
mont* io ttu> contrary, ;i period of d«   :
eliiuuu lirit*,-:* in\t,.i  ihiw  l.»- .--(ji..f»f«t i
Thl# ib-oltno will doiilitle;;, ti.   puoo
to-itod with in lm t- iipii-|.iri|. -'[mrti, lm!,
xtioh Inirrnw-tlato movf m< t.*»« will !»*•■:
Ml Mim
',!;n!-*u,'i. !
tr.et. Til!' l.'tt
• ,*.rh ill '! • .t r,
■tilrfAhSTONK LOCAL I'MDN, N'o  i'::il, I'.M.W. of A.
VVurki'Tii ill  No\;i Si-otlii:
. -il t-t (ii.**
i i nn
hity lit ,i!i 'lie t mil lil.suj-
»i;i,iid **l',h m    W«
Horkorti and know
ii,,,.., '
*. ibh.' h«lir »■• trfkttt* im«    |ntMM-s» kum tttiH n> ■*» «« ***** "".'..«. ;,'", "M-flm**-* aro fl* fnl|n«'«;   HI       TM»l
Umi ?l«ii2?a ZltTtS inTlS dd  >«'»•«•■ ^u"l' *'" "u?J,f['.V,aWti'K ««,h-«»*"*   maobin-r* nf    «h.> I'nltnli
% trwitor frar. that !»#»» woald be
cbe«r»d on hia war lo prbton br hont
luraonitratlowi In th* cilia* ihrouitb
whtrh be penned Thia la th* only at.
phnatlon that ran be ottered tor tht
attempt on tha part of tha fHaral ott.
c»al* to -?fu.-fo alt fn.'ftiff-*-t» .\tr.*t tbo
n*c«.«ary tormaWt** had bom pone
■*ntioo*»»" *"•* Ind n*Xtt*d hltn   bit*
torn h« wat atparatwl from na, "tnp.
pom Pmaldcnt Wilton ahonld cabla a
pardon for ytm wllhirat any atrlnta
atuchad I© It, an nnrondltlonal par
don, what w«aM yoa do, what woald
he yoar attlladtf
Iteba' nntarer tnm* wtthoat a mo,
merit'* healtnfton
mmm __ I ahall tmtom l* a«**pt It «al«Mi
ih*"iiti< *«b at "h7V*dora! imnlTtiff. !th* «am«» pardon I* ettmd*d to twy
TV** wa* rmtbed ln»o an aMtomoMI* J "»■ and woimm in >*"■«*"*;
whlrh atartad off la a dlweihm «M^- ftdmnpt Uw Tb*y mm
it* t.^ ite*t of ik* rVrMaod Vnbtm ]M Jhm all mt-l \** ***
maim. W# had a hhlh-P«w»f*ii« aalo. a»-«r I w««t coma aw. I do bo* want
mSSot tmomo. ii«aiat. aai tt.IL nm nprnM tUmmt*** •**«"«•*■
mTp* l nlt^ mntm Mtmhala c*r ap my torn. It la parf«ct ****'.« *•'•
ami do«» thrown   m*a*Uod'a mala atwaja tak*« that ptmittm, and I can-
I—|.-»tfplnim*      ******    ti******  IU    M*.- iw**-  .**-* *U^wtl» **M^rl v'. U>u*-
ttwta. Tbmo «*a • otttrytnm ottm J   Tfca iwply »•*«»* '"*• J"|*J
^nfUd worn*. ClMalwUTn faahlnnaMa Jra'a toillHR millions,   f o  tham aHotr
ZL'I   wiwiih«.««»«fwaia»tof.|ui««idiyimt   Of**aU*l P«»w«   *»*
m  Uttin aaw th*y eoaldat d«*p tha ft*. pWWal.
ing to work, ho did so. and away h*initBr nn0tI jjj rh* bovine now** of!
wont t© tm tb* bona, who Infonm<l j fhn ^^ w(1, „,„,}„„„ ,„ h„ dlm„, f
hint lhat the onlv Job h«- could wo nm, t.*^^ H ^^ „, ,.,„,„. ,„,.,, ,,,,, »,.
•uttwt iw»i*tm mum.*'*** *■* *-«•• * <*i**.i mrmr dttfnrtmnroa and ronorally nn.'
alihtMgh h« waa loM *7 • man wnth^^^^i,^ manufuHonn,; mrdition*'!
Ina al Ihla |oh that th* rat* waaf TN, wnt^n rr,.»i«r* of til w*a»h,
tlM. Thia »o dlamitad our friend - „,„„,>, 9„ mmKh of thft pr^Hrttj
Vmn, that ho dug out .rreatfd by ih*»m io i<r*n*rv* llf*. on ,
Krery Uoaahoaaw waach*ap*r tBansjMi „r.frPn tTffl ^mPTf^ Th*r^for*
th* prathma me. I*n la wondnffng,ptmn w(„ Mfn<( (JwB
wb*th*r b* aaw tb*tn all or not. ttat» rf.,„ ,„ .,,.,,,>,,,,. jf>„.,,f ,./or, ,*,f .,
ho ta perrfcUy aatlaat-d w«h hi« Wil* pr»hMP(** w<.|| hm*n to »toi*ntJi ot
**n*rl*iioii, Ihouth M *oat him aBoatf,,Mv„hrn;r s \„ -f„.r,f.i!« rt "itfi»»t«.rii*»"
ii,,M** liitti W»> Iw.lij iw.riUd,   lUu* '-.d..prir*'f rl-* fa««*r «hs*n  »w*' tt*
tint** ntl ratanwid nw*. who »»*>'    -^ yinrM* ot "d*prr»*ton" w*g*a     fall
aenx lo Kl»h*rl*y. to g*t tbn Jflfc.   lo'f^fff *hn*s ptH*#     Ptep*rt*r ttmot-r
i*rt* «'.|i*n «-*rt» ot f»r#i; m/who-** rom* i
pack their M*Bk*t*. bHonn* ll <h*r (,
want fo* work for nrwh wng** th*y w»l; tMt   ntr«*»4 ar*- ibn» that own,  for \
need tbem. ih«v *hiti !>-■ »»ii*ft*-d     fiir-wM are
i«h*'* that we-rfc.      Tlw- hnr-t*vi« t*t Itt*.
Om **U U'imI Vutki  V u.eA   ruii.:.it*, tl-.*.*. <..     .luiU. *f,l Lv .U»*. i-V.t   •*: .
otfig • very faaMwraMa ho«*l m   ib* th* road white th* ptwiWB! *«oa(wite j
tflk fllf«r.    All Wonda and ir.itr1n1nttyt.lt-m <vu'ti«v*      ft uii bo -rhantp-d,j
aro tatera»o4 that hia good*   nn 1**" *» by chaaglng ibo »v ■•■ -•» f
h**t am t* iatto** t« cater  to .th* —tkxdx Star***
■ ••' .» iiu.» iio..
in.iii onr ni«*iiiii.«r...liip i.,--, Jt ulit.lo nml wo wmit
ou ;>• ,',,**> ii i-;ir. in; i-ot!s|i|i<rittlon.
■•i*-.*'   ..i-  .l.u* ,.IM-)|ii.«|.||   t||(.  HhtHtlUtli ||l»«-|»n,
iii t'.tusuia KutiuiK more itjuxoiy iinltoit, Thu
win Idi-ii in u, in-.iti- tt hi.ijiT miii'*r.iiiTi<lin« ln'wi*.*n tho Kom nnd*tho
\V..,t. «ml i,» -m.vi .-.- .,.-•■,-..■;■.• f..r I..,'.j-•:,.,! ! ;,„,!«„„, ll(4,| Working
< ia*K Hiiidanty At <;tir IMntrn-t t'mn. mien In Kebnittry witb dolonato*
ftrtin .••..-•)•> piit ei Albir'.-i .tint Siiu.h..-ii..i>ni jtritinb t'iilunilJi* uumrl-
iimoi* ii|>(iin\(il «,!.■. i«Hi-ti *K siidiiitirliil tiitimiiMi; riiituwiiiK onr ron.
u iiHiin in mo ibe Ui..-;ti.m Itiiorprovitii-iiil i'(mf>.retii;,- and of tin* ;»«2
iliiii-Kiiit'K f'Nissi all «iv.*r Miiniioba, ^.ct.ntf le-i-,,-ui,   \ii»i rtn and lltiiuh
''•ihlliittili,   ,«   -KineJ   tll„l,i,-f   u..|«:*   mi;,, r.*,  -.tn,'  nt   *tt';!-ii|   ha\T   l|l|g   timl
in  I'ie'iiii, < tiniberliind.  Uts< r: ***■*■ imd «";p§..■  H>i**'r*-, , iv.nii|e«i in  Nimi
Hoi.ili»,   i:\t-i* miner <*in..nii|i nui|inrie*t ih» i|iei*.'*i*ni *„ f(,mi tt\K IllfJ
• *>Jii.\ rn < iiiMii-u uii.i io t.ii.i' ,« ri'te|-(*ii,*!ij«„ ,,,ii. num nwni tu roan!
•hi the «ju«-^Hi<n of nou-dme fr«in tin- pr-ne'i' i*ife*itt;»tl*m«l iiurnlNi
Wiih ,.b*fiibif»* iifirtitlmfi. onr tv-tiih. r b-t, t.i*! I>*b(ni| tf(«- OSK
l'f»: 1'NION {'r„;i, „!! ;h.* i»;l«-r i...iito» *>■ ,*tr l.-**'i*,tm Itieum tttaf lh*
xitmf- spirit |..rovaih *1ua: a„ itim !.*> b..'ii,« Miin.-u « mi'-»»mt«» ht* mm*
In from fhe mefiilifer.ii.. min. r- nf Kiiii!»-ill > that Uu > .iro wah Ui» In
.1 11) ill
Wn nppon! to \o». fi'll-i*   werlo-r-',,  tu Ulh,- I tie
know ot your r**n-nt *ntrj into i||f   InStod Mino
Inn   »l«*^»   *•*»*,.   ^ »...***■. *    ,*
"- u* *'* t '■     * x*tt   n*.f i    ^ iittn   tJtm-tnt
onrattlxalton in pr*f*r»>n** to h»v(np vnn i,tt*„„t„   ,n'u    ,., ..   * ,    ,^
vi .ir, »>o. I.WUA prim no.«    \so mum murh alwoit iho intornatlonal
«»J ibo I .M.W. **{ A.   nut** ihan upatu li«*r*-i» will fiorroil ui lo tell yoa
Our knowfcwlir* hs< r-mt r-.  m«irli     W+  hi'it- iif.rtt*.d ibat * lu4c-Uin«
haa d#**lop*,t vhti-h (• now of no tw* to on an workora and ean abao
ltlt*ly ho of no mo lo you nndor th<» rhang*d rondltlopii wbkb r»lat"
tf!  rilf  tM.tr'r*   -ei * t* ,*,   ,    ,., ,t. ,       *   ,   ..      .
t.     ,, ,.,    .,,^4,,   ^l«MM4klW|k
tnoi* *nfforing mranwbll* tho Indkuapolu ma«hin« k*pt th* mlara
rolng »a*t »*roa« tho larder and *«pp!M ib* nr.ark*tK on thl* aid* an-
ill we were b*at#--n That la not anlon!*m W'v want a unlonUtw thai
will mak* an lit|ury io tmt* iho *rm< **m ot all If in N'ova Utolla It la
n***wary a» any tlm* fo doari yoar loola and it would h*lp yonr «a«M
for ui to put down our*. d»»ii thoy will go dotpit* any ontald* JaHa-
dieiion ami w* want xon io f**l ih* mir* war toward* n* That I* tb*
»i.iiH i.» TilK tivr. Wi, I m*i.\ It i» the u'orkor* ' o»l> hop*. Ibe top.
Hallata* gr**t*»t d*ng*r. H* r**r««iil»«* thl* danger and I* fllHn* th*
lu-^ipjlitir* -AitU j,!. ...iu i,i u-»«i.n»ii* »*i«»r»r* almut ixtWtofVttm. W*
knot* iht} f.tiit)*,' itHil ><iii and ■*« bop* ihat «h*« yoa ar* gttr*a o
tban** to rot* on th* ONE lll«; IN'IOV liallot yon will |ln# np with on
and mah* ih« u<tor> an tut-miniimut tm*
tin b»half "f th'-ir m*-oi*Vnk!p and with tlw.r uaai\imc>4* laMfac
tion we ar* a«Wroi.«iiif thl* loiter to yon
IYv*nuil> jema,
'V. t'uia*ju:»
Commnt-?" W, IHt'KtSHivS
« %1»ITl-nH>lgK, V**PTMMCM.
II, MARTIN, nnaticia.1 ffucyatwjr. 55W!
-._*.,. v.-h,-.-***--.***.,^****-*.,^****.* „^-->M*i-p-xi
!Kas«»*wsi!«».i« ;3SS
=» $7" "sssaesoss
... By .
EDGAR RICt tillf
Copyright. 1*>U. by W-G. Chapman
snaauw or .interest, wucrovvi- uiey
were bearing her there could lw but
oue ond t«> kor captivity anions theso
fierce half brutes.
At last they passed through two great
walls and came to tlie ruined city
within. Into a crumbling pile they bore
ber. and here sho was surrounded by
hundreds more of the same creatures
thnt bad brought her, but among them
were females who looked less horrible.
At sight of thwu Uie lirst faiutjiope
that she hnd entertained came to mitigate her misery, lint It was short
lived, for tke women offered ber n*
sympathy, thaugk. ou the other baud,
neither did they abuse her.
After she hud been inspected to the
entire satisfaction of the inmates of
tbe building, she was borne to a dark
chamber in the vaults beneath and
here upon the bare flour she was left
with a metal bowl of water and another of food.
Kor Unweek she saw only somo of the
women, whose doty it was to bring her
food and water. Slowly her strength
was reluming—-soou she would be in
fit condition to offer as a sacrifice to
the naming god. Fortunate indeed it
was that she could not know the fate
for which she was destined.
* * * V » • *
As Tarzan of the Apes moved slowly
through the jungle aftor easting tbe
spear that .savod Clayton' and Jane
Porter from the savage fangs of Numa,
his mind was lalleil witb all tbe sorrow
that belongs to a freshly opened heart
He .was glad that lie Had stayed his
hand in ti-s-ueto prevent the cousuoiuia-
tfoti of tbe thing that in the (irst mad
wave of jealous wrath be had contemplated. Only the fraction of a second
had stood between Clayton aud death
at the'hands of the ape-man. Iq tbe
short moment that bad elapsed after
be bad recognized tbe girl and her
companion and the. relaxing of the
taut muscles that held the poisoned
•shaft directed at the lingllsb-mnn'a
-b-ffltrt. T?irv-,y|. *t'i.ii t-^i- ^yj'.y-t^l t?y thix
.-.tin little apes, throwing stlcus nntl
nuts at bim from the safety of bfgb
Tlie brute he had addressed stopped
with a look of half comprehending, dull
wonderment upon bis savage face.
"And Magor," continued Tarzan, addressing another, "do you not recall
your former king—he who slew the
mighty Kercbak? Look at me! Am 1
not the same Tarean—migbty hunter,
invincible fighter—tbat you all knew
for many seasons?"
The apes all crowded forward now,
but more in curiosity than threatening.
They muttered among themselves for
a few moments.
"What do you want among us now?"
asked Karuatb.
"Only pence," answered the ape-man.
Again the apes conferred. At length
Karnath spuke again.
"Come fu"peace, then. Tarzan of the
Apes." he said.
And so Tarzan of the Apes dropped
lightly to the turf into the midst of the
fierce aud hideous borde—he had completed, the cycle of evolution and had
returned to be ouce again a brute
among brutes.,,
Tarzan to tho Rescue,
TUE It 12 were uo greetings such
as would have taken place
among men after a separation
•f two years. The majority of
the apes weut on about the little activities that the advent of the ape-man
had interrupted, paying no further attention to blm than as though be had
uot been gone from the tribe at all.
Oae or two young bulls who had uot
beeu old enough to remember him sidled up on all four* to sniff nt blm, and
one bared his fangs and growled threateningly. Lie wished to put Tarzan Immediately into bis proper place. Had
Tarzan backed off growling the young
bull would quite probably* bave been
satisfied, but always after Tarzan's
station among his fellow apes would
have been beneath that of the bull
which bad made him stop aside.   >
But Tarzan of the Apes did not. back
off. Instead he swung bis giant palm
with all the force of his mighty muscles and, catching the young bull alongside tbe bead, sent him sprawling
across the turf. Tbe ape was up and
at him again iu a second, and this time
they closed with tearing fingers and
rending fangs, or at least tbat had
been tbe intention of the young bull,
But scarcely bad they gone down,
growling and snapping, than the ape-
man's lingers found tlie throat of bis
presently the young bull ceased to
struggle and lay quite still. Then Tar-
xan released his bold and arose. He
did not wish to kill, only to teach the
young ape and otliers who might be
watching that Tarzan of the Apes waa
still master.
. The lesson served its purpose—the
young apes kept out of bis way^. as
young apes should when their betters
swift and savage Impulses of brute life.
He bad seen the woman he craved—
his woman—his mate-in tbe arms of
another. There had been but one course
open to him, according to the tierce
jungle code tbat guided blm in this
•ther existence, but just before it had
become too Jute the softer sentiment
ot bia inherent chivalry bad risen
above tbe flaming (ires of bis passion
and saved bim. A thousand times bo
gave thanks tbat tbey bad triumphed
before bla Angers bad released that
polished arrow.
As be eontetnplafpd bla return to tbe
Waziri tbe idea became repugnant. He
did not wish to see a human beiug
•gala At least he would range alone
through tbe Jungle for a time, until tbe
•harp edge of bla sorrow bad become
blunted. Like bis fellow boasts be
preferred to under in silence and atone.
Tbat nlgbt be slept again In the am*
phUheator of tbe apes, and for several
days be bunted from tbere. returning
at nlgbt. On tbe nfteruoou of tbe third
Any hn returned early. Ho bad lain
stretched upon the soft grass of tbs
circular clearing fur but a few moments wben be beard far to the south
■ familiar sound, it was tb* pawning
of a band of great ape* through the
Jungle. Ue could not mistake it. For
atteral minutes be lay listening. Tbey
•are coming In tbe direction uf tba
Tenure nro** bully and stretched
himself, UU keen ears followed every
movement of tbe advancing tribe.
Thej were upwind, nntl presently be
caught ihelr arent. though b* bad out
needed tbla added erldeure to asaure
him that ba waa right,
A a tbey filtered the cleared apnea
Tannn of the A pea melted into tbe
branches upon tbe other able of the
arena. Tbere be walM to limped tbe
ntweomera. Nor had b« bins to wait.
Preatntly'a flew*, hairy face appear
«d among the lowor lira nr hi* ntipuaita
Mm.  Tha cruel, little *y*a took In the
clearing at n glance; ih*n ih*r* wns a
tbntturert report returned ta tbuae lw
Mod.   Tanwn could iienr th* word*
Th* ncoiit wnn t«-lln,„' iti.. nilier mom
bars of the trib* lb.it the «oit«| waa
dear nnd tbat thry mitiht *ut*r lh*
ampblttirrftrf In mhIH}
Mrtl the leader dropped lightly upon
tha aofl pari*! ot tu* cranny boor, anil
tben, on* by on*. n*arly a hundred an-
tbrefw-tda follow**! him. Ther* w*r*
tbt hag* tdaiu* aed .several young A
few miming hah*« clung eh** to th*
shaggy neck* ur ttwir nut age mothers.
Tnrxan rocngnUMl tunny momhors of
tba tribe, It waa lha *am* late which
U I*!   ....... *,: .  '.'•.., '. '*      ,f"-,; '"*
lb* ndnli* *i«d twee IHtt* np*n during
bla boyhood, tl* bad freH*fc«t and
played aboet this very jongta wttb
tb*at daring thtlr brief r Mtdbewft, ttt
wondered If tbty would remwnher hlm-
tba memory of the np* is not overtong,
aw* ■*■*« »*+*-* tm em ■*<*. w.v> *.-< m»v—.
fiaaatbatalk whtcibt«verb«ardbe
Mtnmd tbat tbey bad com* to rboom
• war kla«-tbolr lata chief bad ftllea
• baadred fftt b*naath a broken limb
li ■■ aatttaaty aad.
ffcnaa walfcad tt tbt tad of aa over-
banging ffmb In phi to rlew nf thtm.
Ite tpttttt tyao of a famalt raaght
tfgbt of him Oral. With n berttlng got-
tntot tbt mMet lb* •WtatMm ef tha
were.nbout-Tund The ora"DunnnTO5TT"
attempt to encroach upon his prerogatives. For several days the she apea
with young remained suspicious of
bim and when he ventured too near
rushed upou blm with wide mouths
i and hideous roars. Then Tarzan dis-
. creetly skipped out of barm's Way, for
that also is a custom amoug tlie npes—
only mad bulls will attack a mother.
But after awhile eveu they became accustomed to blm.
He bunted with them nsln days gono
by, and wben tbey found that bis superior reason guided bim to tbe best
food* sources and tbat bis cunning ropo
ensnared toothsome gnme that tbey seldom if ever tasted, tbey camo again to
look up to blm as tliey bad in tbe past
after he had become tbelr king. And
so it was tbat before tbey left tbe am-
pbltboator to return to tbelr wnnder-
lugs tbey bad once mora chosen blm aa
tbeir leader.
Tbe apo-man felt quite contented
witb bis new lot   He was not happy—
that be never could be again, but bt
wna at least nn fnr-from everything
tbat might remind him ot hia past ml*- j
| cry as bt could be.   Long slnco be bad J
{given up ntery Intention of returning *
I to civilisation, and now he bad decided j
j to see no moro of his black friends ot ,
| tbe Waslrl.    Be bad forsworn ho* !
\ inanity forever. lie had started lift aa |
apt-os an apt ht would dla. '.
n« could not, however, ernae from
his memory tlie fact that the woman {
bo loved was within n short journey -
of tbe stamping ground of bia trlbt. j
| nor could ho tmnlsb the haunting fear
■ tbat ahe might be constantly in danger. I
j That she wna III protected bo had seen '
In   the   brief  ttivtunt   thnt   bail   wit- *
! nesaed Clayton's inetlloleney. Hie mors j
) Tanuin thought of It tbe more keenly ,
bia conscience pricked him. ■
I'luully he mm* to loathe himself for j
liermlttiiig 'bis own wllUh sorrow and j
Jealousy to stand Iwtweeu Jun* l'orl*r .
uud nntety.   As Ibe days pti**ed tbe i
thing preyed more uud wore «i|*>n bia i
mind, and b« lind about determined tt j
return to tbt coast and plarv blm»elf i
ou guard over June Porter aud Clayton
whon news reached blm that altered
all bla plana and nou I blm dssbtnf :
madly toward the tmnt io reckkmn dia-
regard of accident and death, j
Ikfure Tart iu h*d rrtHrn*d to tbt
trtb* a certain yonng bull, not brtog
abi* to aectirt n mat* from among bla ,
own people bad, according to cnatom,,
fared forth through tho wild Juoglt,
like aomo hnlght errant of old, to win
. a fair lady from snow etbtlihoflag
I <-ommon!ly.
I    tit bad bat J«wt rtenraed wttb am
i ornj» ami man m*.******, in***»i**iH*<ittw
uuickly iwfort be ahould t*mgH tbem.'
Anwme other tblmro bt told of aetlag
a great trilw of Strang* looking apta.
"Tb*y were all hairy fared bulla bat
,..-„» *.*, vit-v   **«iitt »ti^» utib ant* n
ub*. lighter in color even then tbli
•imager," and bt rbatkn-d t tbamb at
"Did she seem to be one of tbe tribes
or was she a prisoner?'
"They dragged ber along^-soroetimea
by an arm—sometimes by the long hair
tbat grew upon ber bead, and alwaya
tbey kicked and beat ber. Ob but It
was great fun to watch tbem."
"God!" muttered Tarzan.
"Where were tbey when yon saw
tbem and which way were they going?" continued the ape-man.
"They were beside the second water
back there," and be pointed to tbe
south. "When, they passed me tbey
were going toward the morning, up.
ward along the edge of tbe water."   .
"Wheu was this?" asked Tarzan.
"Half a moon since."
Without another word tbe ape-man
sprang into the trees and (led like a
disembodied spirit eastward in the direction of the -forgotten city of Opar.
*..".*        »      . »        »        *     . *
When Clayton returned to the shelter and found that .lane I'orter was
missing he became frantic with fear
and grief.** Ue found Al, Thurau quito
rational., the fever having left him witb
the surprising suddenness which is one
of its peculiarities. The Hussion, weak
and exhausted, still my upon bis bed
of grasses within the shelter.
When Clayton asked bim about the
girl he seemed surprised to know tbat
she was not there.
"I Imve hoard nothing unusual," he
said. "Hut then 1 bave boon unconscious much o'f llie time."
Had it not been for the man's very
evident weakness Clayton should bare
suspected hhn of having sinister
knowledge of the girl's whereabouts,
but he could see that Thuran incked
sufficient vitality even to descend, unaided, from the shelter. Ho could not
in his present physical conditiou have
banned ibe girl, nor could lie have
climbed the rude ladder back to tbe
Until dark the Englishman searched
the nearby jungle for a trace of the
missing one or a sign of the trail of
ber abductor. But though the spoor
left by the llfty frightful men, unversed in woodcraft as thoy were,
would have been as plain to the densest denizen of the jungle as a city
street to the Englishman, yet he crossed and rec-rossed it twenty times without observing the slightest indication
that many intfh had passed that way
but a few short hours since.
As be searched. Clayton continued to
call tbe girl's name aloud, but tbe only
result of this was to attract Sabor. the
tiger. Fortunately, the man saw the
shadowy form worming its wny town rd-hiin in time to climb into tbo
branches of a free before the beast was
close enough to reach him. This put
an end to his search for the balance of
the afternoon, as the tiger paced back
and forth beneath bim until, dark,
Even after the beast had left Clayton dared not descend into the awful
blackness beneath blm. and so he spent
a terrifying and hideous night In the
tree 'Thi> »e\-|- morning he returned to
the beach, relinquishing tbe last bopt
of succoring Jane I'orter,
During the week that followed M.
Thurau rapidly regained bis strength,
lying In tho shelter while Clayton hunted food for both. The men never spoke
except as necessity demanded. Clayton
now occupied tbe section of tbe shelter
which hnd been reserved for Jane Porter and only saw tbe Russian wben bt
I took food or water to blm or perform-
j ed tbe otber kindly offices wbleb com-
mon humanity required.
j When Thuran was again able to descend In search of food Clayton waa
stricken with fever. For daya be lay
tossing In delirium and suffering, but
not onco did tbe Russian come near
Mm. Food the Englishman eoald not
bave eaten, but hia craving for wattr
amounted practically to torture. Between tho recurrent attacks of delirium, weak though be was, be managed
lo reach tbe brook ouce a day and All a
tiny can tbat had been among (he few
appointments of the lifeboat,
Thuran watched blm on Ibese occasions witb an espresslon of malignant
pleasure, lit seemed realty to enjoy
the suffering of tlie man wbo, despite
lb* Just contempt in wblch he held
blm, bad ministered to him to tbe boat
of bla ability while be lay suffering
the samo agonies.
At last Clayton became ao weak that
bt wna no longer able to descend from
the abetter. For a day he suffered for
wator without appeallug to lh* Russian; bnt Anally, unable to endure It
lunger, bo aaked Thuran to fetch htm a
Tbt Ituaalan came to the entrance to
Claylon'a mom. a dlab ot water In Ma
hand. A nasty grin contorted bla feature*.
"Here l* water." he aald, "Hut (Irst
ltd me remind yon Ibat yen maligned
nie liefore tho girl; that you kept her to
yourettf and would not share ber with
Clayton lRt*mipt«d him. "Btopr* ht
rri*d "*top! What roann*r of ctir
are yon that you iradort tbe rbarartrr
of a good woman whom wt heller*
d*nd! Uod, I was a fool ev*r to l*t
yon lire! Vou are not Mt to live even
In this vll* landr
••||*re is yoar watrr." aald Ih* Hub
alao. "all yon will get" And bt raised
th* twain to his lips and drank. What
wa* left h* threw <*it eim* tb* gretnd
t»tow. Th*n be turned and left tb*
•Irk man
tions were going forward io ouiio permanent quarters and then to send out
an expedition of a few men to the north
in search of relier,
! As the days bail passed without
bringing the longed for succor, iiope
that Jane Porter. Clayton and M. Thuran had been rescued Isegan to die. No
one spoke of the matter longer to Professor Porter, and he was so immersed
in bis scientific dreaming that be was
not aware of tbe elapse of time.
Occasionally he would remark that
within a few days they should certainly see a steamer drop anchor off their
shore and that then they should all he
reunited happily. Sometimes be spoke
of it as a train and wondered If lt
were being delayed by snowstorms.
"If 1 didu't know the dear old fellow so well by now," Tennington remarked to Miss Strong, "1 should be
ipiite certain thar be w-as-er-not quite
right, dou't you know,'"
"If it were not so pathetic it would
be ridiculous." said the girl sadly. "1,
who have known.bim nit,'my life, (show
liuw In1 worships .lane, but to otliers it
must seoiii that be is perfectly callous
In her fate, it Is only that be is so
absolutely impractical thnt lie cannot
i,iiiK-eive of so real a thing ns death
unless nearly certain proof of it Is
thrust upon blm."
"You'd never guess what be was
about yesterday." continued Tennington. "I was coming in alone from n
little bunt when 1 met blm walking
rapidly along the game trail that I was
following back to camp. His hands
■were clasped beneath tho tails of his
long, black coat, and his top bat was
set firmly down upon his head as. with
,eyos bent upon the ground, he hastened on, probably to some suddeu death
bad 1 not Intercepted him.
'"Why, where in the world are you
bound, professor?' I asked him. *l am
.going into town. Lord Tennington,' he
said as seriously as possible, 'to complain to the postmaster about the rural
free delivery service we are suffering
from here. Why. sir, 1 haven't had a
piece of mail in weeks. There should
be several letters for me from Jane.
The matter must be reported to Washington at once.'
'•And would you believe it. Miss
Strong," continued Tenningt-pn. "1 had
tbe very deuce of a job to convince the
old fellow that there was not only no
rural free delivery, but no town and
that be was not even ou the.,same continent as Washington nor lu the same
"When he did realize he commenced
to worry about his daughter. 1 think
if Is the lirst time that be really has
appreciated our position here or tha
tact that Miss Porter may pot have
been resetted."
"I hate to think about it," said tbe
girl; "aud yet 1 can think of nothing
else than the absent members of out
"Let us bone for'the best," replied
Tennington. "Vou yourself imve set
us each a splendid example of bravery,
■for—In—tx—wny }0"r lnag h,la t""»n |im
sue was too weak.
Hut eventually slie was able to gain
her feet nnd then to stagger a few
»teps hy supporting herself with one
Hope Left Her Entirely, and She Trembled In an Agony of Fright.
hand upon the wall. Her eaptors now
watched her with increasing interest.
The day was approaching, aud the vie
tim wns gainiug iu streugtli.
Presently the day came when she
could walk, and a young woman whom
•lane Porter had uot seen before came..'
with several others to her dungeon.
H-?re some sort of ceremony whs performed. Tbat it was of a religious nature the girl was sure, and so sbe took
new heart and'rejob-ed that she bad
'fallen among people" upon whom the
refilling nnd softening iutiuenoe.of religion evidently had '('alien. Tbey
would treat ber humanely,-of that she
wns now unite sure.
Ami sn. when tbey led her from hp.r
dungeon tin-".;;.:') ntjiir.' iliirk corridors
ami up a Higtit-nt concrete -iteps to n
I ■■■riiiiiiul courtviini. she went willingly
j —even glartly-for was she not nineng
I the servants of CodV It might be. of
* course, that tliolr interpretation of tho
j iupretne being differed from her own,
; bnt tlmt tbey owued n god was sutH-
: cjent evidence to her that tbey were
! kind nud.good.
! Hut'-when she saw a stone altar in
i .lie iviit<Ai- of the I'uurtynnt aud dark
Minrtvu stnins upon it ancl the'nearby*
j .-'oiierete uf the ttoor she begun'to won-
j 'lei and to doubt. And as ;lie\ stoop-
I if and bound lie:- ankles aiu! secured
j nei wrists oeiiiiid iiei bee dontii-t-were'
j .lul lied to ti'.'l'i. A moment later .-is she
i *>\ as lifted and placed across tlie altar's
"Tet," ahe replied, "I conld havt
loved Jane Porter no more had aba
been my own sister."
Tennington did not show tbe surprise be felt That was not at all
wbat be meant He bad been much
witb tbls fair daughter of Maryland
since tbe wreck of tbe Lady Alice, and
It bad recently come to him tbat he
bad grown much more fond of ber
than would prove good for tbe peace
of his mind, for b* recalled almost constantly now tho confidence which M.
Thuran hnd Imparted to him that be
nud Miss Strong wero engaged. Ho
wondered If. after all. Thuran bad
been quite accurate In his statement
He bad never seen the slightest Indication on tbe girl's part of more than
ordinary friendship.
"And then in M. Thuran'a loaa, If
they are lost, you would suffer a severe liereuvemenl," he ventured.
Stic looked up tit blm quickly. "M,
lb urn ii had Ijiiimie n very dear
mend," ub* said. •" liked blm very
inmh. though I have icnown blm buta
••bort lime."
"Then you w*r* not engaged to mar-
iy liltn?" lie iilurliil out.
"Iliiivein.. imj" *he cried, "t did
uoi litre ii.i blm nt all In lhat way."
There was hoiiii thing thnt Lord Ten-
iiliiuimi wniitc-d lo Miy to llusel Strung,
tie wanted very b.nlly t» any It, und
it* miv II ill oine. Imt wiinebow tbe
wonU Muck in nl» throat If* started
iiim-iy » unipi* of lime*. «-l*orei| hl»
ibri'iit. Iiei-iiiiie nil in tb* fnoe »ind
nieulv elided by reninrkltm thai he
ii<i|«.i| Ibe i-iiblii» would !*• lIliMieil tie-
:<itt> Hi* taliij M'iiMiii Minimi n<ed.
Itm, lliiitivti he did not know II. he
•ill i «i.n*»e,v-i«l t» llli' Kill »b«' ***y «*t*-
-ICe lie intended. Illlil It left hei  lliipp,?
|.;,.i.|er   |I',!*iii   «lle   ll»l*l   *Vel    h*for*
iNt-ii to nil lu-r llf*
Ju«l ib*n further niuvci».ulmi wna
ii,ieiriipt«x| l.v ih* niahi of ii *mm* j »t*rt*d acre**  tht dryj*wl  dmdy.
hihI   iwriM*   haihlng   tlffure   which
iop   (foftp   ich . iiw~ enui'eij-.   auo
ti-eniiileil In an agony ot f'rigUL
Hurlna tbo grote,S(|iie ilauee of the
voturles \v|i|eh followed sbe lay frozen
tu horror, out did she .require the sight
o! ibe tbiti bhidt.' iu the'tin bit of the
high priestess us It rose slowly above
her tu eullghteu ber further us to ber
As the baud begun Its descent Jane
I'orter closed her eyes nud seut up n
silent prayer to tbe Milker she was so
soon ttf face. Then -she succumbed to
the strulu upon her tired nerves aud
swooned. •
*       •       ♦       •       •       •       • '
Day und night Tanuin of tbe Apes
raced through tlm primeval forest to-
wuixl tbe ruiiiiil city In which he was
-jHWltfve tbe womun be loved lay either
a prisoner or dead.
In ti day and a night he covered tbe
same dlsinuce that ibe fifty frightful
men bad taken tbe better part of a
week to traverse, for Tartan of tb*
Apea traveled along the middle ter.
nice high above tbe tangled obstacles
that Impede progress upon tbe ground.
The atory the young bull aye bad
told mado It clear to blm that the girl
captive had been Jane Porter, for tbere
was not anothor small, wblto "nbo" In
ull tho Jungle. The "bulls" be hnd rec-
ounl-Mt! rrom tbo niw'a crude description aa tbe grotesque parodies upou humanity who inhabit tht ruin* nf Opar
And tbo glrl'a rate ho could picture aa
plainly as though bo were mi oyewlt
no** to It. Wben tiu-y would lay her
iicnma tbat grim altar b* conld not
mioM-4. but tbat her dear, frail body
would eventually find Ita way there h*
wna confident.
liut dimity, nftor what ***m*d long
ne** tn tbo lmpntl*nt /ip*.m»ft, hi» topped the harrier cliffs tbnt hemmed tbe
dei-tolm* valley, nnd below hint lay tb*
grim and awful rulua ot tb* now libit*
•ma illy ot Opar,   At a rapid tret be
floor of tbe dungeon.
Witb a single leap be cleared the
length of the chamber and,threw himself against tbe ancient door. But
here he stopped. The mighty bars
upon the other side were proof even
against sucb muscles as his. It needed
but a moment's effort to convince bim
of tho futility of endeavoring to force
that Impregnable barrier. There was
but one other way. and tbat led back
through the long tunnels to the bowlder a mile beyoud the city's walls and
then back across the open as be had
come to the city first with bis Waziri.
. He realized tbat to retrace his steps
and enter the city from above ground
would mean that he would be too late
to save tbe giri if tt were indeed she
who lay upon the saerilieial nltnr above
lilm. Hut there seemed uo other way,
and so he turned and ran swiftly bnck
into the passageway beyond lhe broken
wall. At the well be heard again tbe ,i
uionoioiious voice of the high priestess,
and as be glanced aloft the opening,
twenty feet above, seemed so near that
be w;is tempted to leap for it in a mad
endeavor to reach the ttnier courtyard
that lay so near.
If he could but get one end of his
grass 'rope' caught upon some projection at the top of that tantalizing aperture: In the' inslant's pause and
thought au idea occurred to him. He
■ would attempt II. Turning back to the
.tumbled wall, lie seised one of the
large, tint slabs that had composed it.
lias!Ily making one: end of his rope
fast to tlie piece of granite, he returned to'the shaft, and. coiling the balance of the rope on the'floor beside
bim. the ape-man took the heavy slab
In both bunds,'mid. swinging it several
times to get the distance and the direction Used, he let the weight fly up
at a slight angle, so that Instead of
fulling .straight', back into the shaft
again it grazed the far edge, tumbling
oyer into the court beyoud.
Tuizun dragged for a moment upon
tljs slack end of the rope until he felt
tbnt the stone was lodged with fair
security at tbe shaft's top, then he
swung out oyer the black depths beneath. The mouiunt his full weight
came upon the rope he felt it slip
from above. Fie waited there In awful
suspense as it dropped iu little jerks,
ineh by* Inch. The stone was being
dragged up the outside of the masonry surrounding the top of tbe shaft-
would it catch at the very edge or
would his weight drag it over to fall
upon bim as he hurtled into the un-
kuowu depths below?
For a brief, sickening moment Tarzan felt the slipping of the rope to
which lie clung and heard the scraping
of the block of stone against the masonry above.
Then, of a suddeu. the rope was still
^-the stone bad caught at the very
edge. Gingerly the ape man clambered
up'tbe frail rope. In a moment his
bead was above tbe edge of the shaft
The court was empty. Tbe Inhabitants of Opar were viewing the sacrl-
|W       Tn'roaii   t'Aiilil   llpnr   tlio   l'nj*Qg_flf
Hie|||«i1 frem tile jllilltl* JUttt »(»!>!ll Of
i tie i iimp Itiiiilnuion and tb* girl
♦mw It nl lli* w-tro* llm*. T»t* Ko«IM»-
um ii (.-tu h<*d for Id* retwh*r, lint when
ihe hnlf iiiiki«| iM-iiril.-d creature railed
nl* niine nbunt and min* running to-
o md llu in lie dro|i|ni| hi** bund nnd
Milium**) l>> lUITl II
N.,n«. would tittv* nxtutnlred In tb*
r.Hht *•*:>-*- t-*iMi i*H*ituro ii*r*r**d liy-
* "Iiibi* ff»rni*in •* aiwail *b»n«, tb*
iiiui.il- i.i.Ur M, Ttinmn Ihe party Bad
Clayton relied ovtr and. barytag bis j »•«« •"•♦»' "I"* •'••* «*"«* "' ,h* lM*
term In hi* am**, gave vr» th* ball!*,
i Th* n**t day Thnnia d*t*rmined to j
ttt oot toward th* twmtb *l<*g tbt,
eemat. fer bm knew that tvtttwally bt l
must eoaw to tbt tmlniattom of tin*']
iiotti mam, tli i****** .W. -uv.-W i* *>v
w«f»* off tb««i tw *a* ber*, aod fur- \
tbo-TMMWt tbt revtaMti of tbt BtgtMk
aaat were «rtt1agooht*B*rv«« j
to bt atolt Clayton's spear not tat f
oW mwm M« t*m»*r.   ft* wwntd bat*
kitted tbt itm man btfwnt bt left btd '
tt aot trrtntd to bias tbat tt would !
ihi wider strewn ground toward tht goal
of bla d-relre*.
Would b* be la llm* lo rearnof lit
hoped agalnat hop*. At Umm bt roald
lie r*v*ftK*d. «ud In bla wrath It atoned to htm that li* waa equal to tbt taab
of wiping ott ibo *nllre population nf
that tevrlbta «l«.». It was nearly uooa
*b*o be not-bet tb* grett ho»hl*r nt
tbt top ot wbleb t*rniloat*d tbt wtrrtt
pimaagt to tbe Ht* beneath tbt rtty.
I.ikt a cat bt artttd tbt prertpliowi
able* «if the frowning granitt kopj*. A
HMMii*nt later bt waa running thretgh
th* darkntat of Ih* to«g. atrelght tnt-
} nel thnt let! to tbm tr*n*mre rattt
Through tbla b* fw*»*d. tbta wa tad
. on nttil at tnnt bt ram* to tbt wttV-
' tltro «H*rt tmm lh* eettmatie atdt of
! which lay tbt dttctan wttb tbt fato*
, watt.
Itef.o* tit* mhii m*mh*r* oi th* lit*-
i;.c i iiiMiHiiiiiltv wore nppi'l»i»il of hl«
nrxwini. T*n'ilngt««« and Jlt*» mremt
l««-*l»*.«l,*ri(| lit**. *v+9'***t,m. *'•"- ****.**. *•*»
i • ..I ■ iii iti. mV- *1nsr tm-nt.
••I 'ii.i «t« «H tttrntt." tvpiwd Ttinran ^^ .
Th* Hire* «*lfc.r. dlHi ttrtnto are mad* | Jj*^ ^JJ STwt ffi'i ^SmTlinffttm
toblwtbreiwbtbtotindigttwft. Hit
It Ht ■ bottot ttom ot tbe totrottt.
Wttb bared reefs aad htiatUui ttckt
tbay tdvaactd alowty toward blm wttb
"Kwi**tk. t aiuTkcua of tfte .Ipw,"
■Mi lit tWHMn It tit vwwMMar tf
tbt triba.   *f t« tttttatbtr m*   To-
i w* wart
Tannn. ! retlly bttt bett a kladataa to do to.    I
Tb* ape-maa waa an attention ta ra f   Tbat aaa» day ba taaw ft a Httlt I
inwant  lit aak*d qotntlons ta rapidly ; faMa if tit bsac*. aad Ut betrt Sited ;
a. th* stew wiittd attbrefMd *ottd - wttb ttatwti bop* aa at aaw tbla tvl 1
*n*w**r ihmm. Otoen ot tit protladty tf ctvllttattoa. i
"VV*re lh* ball* short, wttb crooked   far bt thought tt bat tbt tatptan ot a (
»«ftr > nearby s*ttt*ts*a(.  ttot it katwa to ■
"Tb*y were." waets tt twtontMi tad that Its o«n*f •
"f*id ih*y sretr tbt abiaa tf Ifaaw vat at tlmt rtty tootom bat t ftw ,
aod mmai-a aU«M |Wir M*« aad eottf   nPtbm Inlaod. Nlbataa  Rokotf woald '
atkka aad knlv*»r bar* tnd th* ptara at bt w«t»d a pettt-
-Tb*y dM." teart   Rat itdMatt katw.aadatbt
-And mm lOrrm tunny ytHbrw Hap . li—tail far a ftW 4tyt It tajty lia
rtftotif fftefr nrm* timl ttfnf* • nttotltf oot rotOpOtOttto tomfntto ot
"tno." tbtcabla- Ti«a it ttok np Ut oottb-
"And tfi* «h« uu««-waa tbt tmanti* troftt toormr oom tooto. *
•ad vat» wh-trer la Und Taaalagtoa'a torn
<-i.i Ml » I'.mIh wt* imttUO tttt lalo
ih* biiiatf l>v •"«*• wild animal wbll* I
««•« *•»■!** iMlrUw utiii f*c*r. t'lay*
tm* O'-.i m iMr warn* tmaet mmt o law
i,.» ..,,-t. xtmt r<» lW*k Ibtt all IhH
im.- ***» tmrm tm*m «rpnral*d hy Bat a
i. « .ii.-*. «nr*.nr * aay* march: It
:** n-mimmT"
La from the nearby sacrlQclal court
The dance had ceased. It must be
almost time for the knife to fall, but
even at* be thought these things he
wos running rapidly toward the sound
of the high priestess' voice.    \ ' -
Kate guided bim to the very doorway of tbe great roofless chamber.
Between him and the altar was the
long row Of priests und priestesses
awaiting witb their, golden cups tbe
spilling of tbe warm blood of tbelr
La's band was descending slowly toward the bosom of tbe frail, quiet figure that lay stretched upon tbe bard
stone. Tarean gave a gasp that, was
almost a sob as he recognised the features of the girl be loved. And then
the sear upon bis forehead turned to
a flaming band of scarlet, a red mist
floated beforo hia eyea, and with tbe
awful roar of tbe boll apt gout mad
be sprang like a huge Hon Into tht
midst of tbt votaries.
Seising a cudgel from the nearest
priest, bt laid about blm llko a veritable demon aa bt forged bla rapid way
toward tbo altar.   Tbt band of La
had panned nt tht flrat noise of Interruption.   When tbe saw wbo tba author of It waa abe went white.   Sbt
had never been able to fatbom tbt ee-
cret of tbt strange whltt man'a ta*
capt from tbt dungeon io wbleb abt
bad locked blm.   Bb© bad not Intend-
I wl tbat bt should over len re Opar, for
] tht had looked upon his giant framt
| aad bandsorao fact with tbt eyen of a
! woman aod not tboat of a prleateaa.
i    In ber clever mind abt bad concoct.
i ed a story of wonderful revelation
! from tbe lips of tbt flaming god him-
. nnlf, In which .He had boon ordered
j to recelvt thl* wbttt stronger as a
i meaatngtr from blm to bit people on
, tattb.  Tbat would satisfy tbt, people
j of Opar, abt knew.   Tbt man woald
' bt sttlsfltd, abt fait quilt tort, to rt-
; main and bt ber bnabaad rather thaa
' to retnrn to tba aacrlfldal attar.
,   Out wbtn ait bad gont to tiplaln
! bar plan ta bim bt bad dkappeartd.
f though tba door bad bttn tight locked
! aa abt bad left It. and now bt bad rt>
) tnratd-mattrftlfstd from thin alr-
i tad wai killing bar pritata aa tbongb
* tbty bad btta tbttp.  -for tit momtat
A^J,   M^^^^^9    k^M   94^**^9      99m    *^9*MI^9    ■—*- —
:. sat iMgvi at* TiciiBh aaa utioit tat
I eoald gatbtf itf wltt tagttber agala
, tit bagt wbtta mnn waa ataadlag if
''   AyHb    lub*      I^A    ^mmatbMlhX     nmtkga.    tubJt    Wita
; apta tbt attar la bla area*.
(   "Oat aid*. Urb* cried. -Tta aav-
■ td «»t taca, aad to 1 woald not nana
1 yoo. bat do not lattrfero ar atttmpt fa
I foMtw, ti I shall havt to kill yoa alao."
!   Aa ha apoka ia atapfitd past itr t»>
I want tat oouomto m* mm mm***********
*Wio la ab*r asked tit Mgilt plttob*
I fgn, pfhrtfwg tf tit
ae  must  come   tuis  way,   »oa' tsey
would wait and watch for him above.
And so Tarzan of the Apes, carrying
the unconscious Jane Porter, enme
through tbe pits of Opar beneath the
temple of the flaming god without
pursuit. But when the men of Opar
had talked further about the matter
they recalled to miud that this very
man bad escaped once before into the
pits. and. though thoy had watched
the entrance, he had not come forth,
aud yet today he had come upon them
from the outside. They would again
send fifty men out into the valley to
find nnd capture this desecrafer of
their temple.
After Tarzan reached the shaft beyond the broken wall he felt so positive of the successful issue of his flight
that he stopped to replace the tumbled
stones, for he was not anxious that
any of the inmates, should discover
thjs foi^otten passage and through it
come upon the: treasure chamber. It
was iii his mind to return again to
Opar and bear away a sttll greater
fortune tban he had already burled in
the amphitheater of tho apes.
Love In tne Wilderness.
ON'through the passageways he
trotted, past the Stst door and
through   .thy.   treasure   vault;
past the seeohd door and into
the long, straight tuuuel that led to
the lofty hidden exit beyoud'■ the city,
.lane I'orter was still uucon'sdous."
At the crest of tlie great bowlder be
halted to cast ti backward glance toward the city. Coming across the
plain he saw a band of the hideous
men of Opar. Font moment he hesitated. Should be descend aud make a
race for the distant cliffs, or should he
hide here until night? AM then a
glance at" the girl's white face deter- .
mined him. He could aot keep tier
here and permit her, enemies to get
between tbem and liberty.** For aught
he knew they might have been followed through the tunnels, and toi have
foes before tind behind would result
. lh'"almost certain .capture since he
could not tight his way through the
enemy burdened as he was with tho
unconscious girl.
To descend tbe steep face of the
bowlder with Jane Porter was no easy
task, but by binding her across his
shoulders with the grass rape he'succeeded in reaching the greeud lu safety before tlie Oparlans arrived at the"
great rock. As the descent hud been
made npou the side away from tho
city, the searching party saw nothing
of it, nor did they dream tbat their
prey was so close before tbem.
Uy keeping the kopje between them
and their pursuers Tarzan of. the Apes
managed to cover nearly a mile beforo
the men of Opar rounded tbe granite
sentinel and sow the fugitives before
them. With loud cries et savage delight they broke into a mud run, thinking doubtless that they would soon
overhaul tbe burdened runner, but
tbey both underestimated the powers
of tbe ape-man uud overestimated tbe
"jJoSsitni.ities uf"tbeii~owa-sbvrircrvOfe-—-
ed legs,
By maintaining an easy trot Tarzan
kept the distance between them always tbe same. Occasionally he would
glance at tbe" face so near his own.
Had lt not been for tbe faint beating
of tbe heart pressed so close against
hts own bo would not have known that
she was alive, so whlto and drawn
waa tho poor, tired face.
And thus they came to tbe flat topped mountain and tbe barrier cliffs.
During the last milt Tarean bad let
himself out, running llko a deer tbat
be might bave ample time to descend
tbt face of tbe cliffs before the Oparlans could reach the.summit nnd hor)
rocks down upon them. And ao it waa
that he waa half a mile down tht
mountainside ere the fierce little men
came panting to the edge.
With erica of rage and disappoint-
ment tbey ranged along tht cliff top.
shaking their cudgels and dancing np
and down In a perfect passion ef anger. But tbla time tbey did not pursue beyond tbt boundary of their own
couutry. Whether It was because they
recalled tbt futility ot tbelr former
long and Irksome search or aftar witnessing the east witb which tbe apt-
man awung along before them and tbt
last burst of speed tbey realised tbt
utter hopelessness of further puriolt
It Is difficult to toy. but at Tnraan
reached tbe woods tbat began at tba
base of tbo foothills wbleb skirted tta
barrier cliffs tbey tamed tbelr facta
one* more toward Opar.
Just within tha forest's edge, wbtrt
ht conld ftt watcb tbe cliff tope, Tartan laid bla burden npoa tbt traat
and. going to tbt nearby rirntet.
brought wattr wiib wblch be batbtd
htr fact and baods, but uvou this did
not rerltt btr, and, greatly worrlad,
bt gathered tb* girt Into Ma strong
ama onco mart and hurried on toward
tbt weat
Latt In tit afternoon Jena farter
nvalatd cenacloasncaa. tbt did aai
open hw eyea at oue*. ibe waa trying
ta retail lba arenea tbat aba bad tail
wHattaad. Ail Bb* remembered aow.
Tb* altar, tba terrible pricattaa, iia df
aeaadiag kalfa. ib* gar. a Hula shod-
dtr, far ah* tbongbf tbat tltbtr thit
waa death or lhal tb* kalfa bad buried
Itattf la itr heart aad abt waa ttpt-
rieedaf lia brief dtllrlaai ptatedtaf
Ha., tartan C»me Afaim Xe -Of***.
tilt* em,. -Jan* fetiat mp fa
ih* Ottf-ftwi**** **t tlw vattit ***-
arati Ut* imoapto la ia* •*-
tttat rtty of
•m with tmWo HI tfttv tUi
qaltk tare cangbt and translated It.  It
«■*.* ttm .1-if.r* nf Omttih »*»*» rtrmty^ed
a aarrtflo*. tad tb* tdngwnt rttnal af
lb* high prW»t*Na   ftt nMtd ***a tot*
••anlre tb* gliT* tal**.
f.vwtM tt b* tftat tbt core-away mark-
md tb* **ry thing bt bad ao iansatd
it prevtat: A wart tf burnt awtfrt
mtrtttn. Wat aa, afNt ttt, la ba fast
a mtamaatl too late?   Uh* a trighteavOi
•-bam to th* m*ttim*tH»» *t tb* m*»
nvi-t* fiaytiMt*  At f aa fatta watt ia fait
ttkmwmpimtmmobto OttnatttO lba bar-
Tfft tmtf fWIWWWNwP HH-H*    WW pMM
amariM bt font* lit tpeatait. tbrart-
vM? wto$ HWHi mmnw -IMPMlWwW 1HM|| V-^V
j whft iimil fewfe lw Mmm iM f&ffWWM
1 lh* twlaw* ot ib* w«n wna was «»
1 riimmr n amamllottt aaaa tit tomto*
r   r»r a meanal tba gttl af Opar ataat
I  ^^^^_   «B^Ji   A^^l   ^^t^^aL^M.       oWt^ntb  tt   ||UAl
Ww^g   woJytPO-w   OPwt^tt   Omt^V^^-m*t/pt       •wP^ttW   aw   ^*^.*^^^»
| jya   i^i^^u   gg^^_g_g^  ^_*gMLg^^^|   |^H|p -MNMHL.
fbaia wtllei lata tins, aad, wtti a
, msia otjt mre sama *w nre a^m
I |aat ot b otnum tt Mgfetfrt
j^Bwt Tfcr*a» af Um Ap*t waa aot
| fSMv wWHI vmmf -WMMNM Ml Mr WHP
hsea.   Wtti a Ugttt home* bo bad <0a»
Aai wbta taaBy abt \
agt ta onto btr tytt tbt sight tbat aMl
i tbtm ctaflnatd itr feare, far abt aaw
tbat abt waa bring bornt thraogb •
Ittfy paradltt la tba arm af btr dttd
Ittt. "If tbla bt death." abt murmured, thank Oed that 1 a* deadr
I sa* npnawn, am***, -mmm *m*ma**.
"Jim tin1. rt\plTilTvr rThsrlrniwiMs''*
' "Yea, Tarean of tbt Apea," tit f»
piled. Aad far tit tint tfat la i
. aaattlttf ptaeaaail
!*    "Ttaak Oalf cried tit ire maa.
I aaattat bt tit graaaa mi a nom mom
claariag baafde tie atreaat. -1 wat la
• ttaa aflar att>M
tatfaMt Witt «e yaa amar aia
-la ttet la eart yta frwa deati
fat aat itsataahtiT'
••tta ■» ftaai detttr tit aaiai li
a ptaalvi tone.   "Are wa not Iwtb
WKtam 1b^*JO mJ^kg^jOt fc^fc gy*^g| ll**^^ -^a^^M tt^
WW ^^HB *^HfV WK^o WpMi W-----...W wTnHM wKf
af a toon tret   At bM tumttbm bo
back whtet ia ctald iia btt-
1V» in
* -    ........ _~^ 3
"Pre-emption now confined to aurveyat
Binds only.
Reeorda will be granted covering only
fend suitable for. agricultural purpos-mi
«a4 which Is non-timber land.*
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of-not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emotions, witn
Joint residence, but each making; necessary improvements on respective claims.
Pre-emptors must occupy claims for
five years and.mako improvements tp
value of $10 per acre, including clearlrg
anfl cultivation of at least 5 acres, before reoeiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 9 years, and lias made proportionate improvements, he may, because
et Ill-health or other cause, be granted
intermediate certificate of improvement
and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
fiiay be issued provided applicant makes
Iftaprovements to extent of JS00 per annum and records same each year. Fail-
tire to make improvements or record
.-same"'will operate as forfeiture. Title
cannot be obtained on these claims ln
less than 5 years, with improvements of
|10 per acre, including 5.acres cleared
and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years.
Pre-emptor holding Crown Grant may
record another pre-emption, if he requires !ai>d in conjunction**, with his
farm, without actual occupation, pro-
vMed statutory improvements made Jind
residence maintained on Crown granted
land. **■»
" Unsurvpyed areas, not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesltes;
title to ba obtained after fulfilling residential and Improvement conditions.
Por grazing and industrial purposes,
.arc-as exceeding 640 acres may ue leased
tiy ono." person or company.
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
•with His Majesty's Forces. The time
within which the heirs or devisees of a
deceased pre-emptor may apply for
title undor this Act is extended from
one year from the death of such person,
as formerly, until one year after the
.•conclusion of the present war. This,
privilege Is also made retroactive.
■„' Provision Is made for the grant to
persons holding uncompleted Agreements to Purchase from the Crown of
such proportion of the land, if divisible,
as the payments already made will
■cover in proportion to the sale price of
the whole pai-col. Two or more persons
holding such Agreements may group
their tiiterc-its and apply for a proportionate allotment jointly. If it Is not
considered advisabl-a to divide the land
covered by an application for a proportionate allotment, an allotment of land
of equal value selected from available
Crown lands in the locality may be
made. These allotments are conditional
upon payment of all taxes due the
Crown or to any municipality. The
rights of persons to whom the p'-ir-
chaser from the Crown has agreed to
aell are also protected. The decision of
the Minister of Lands ln respect to the
adjustment of a proportionate allotment
ta final, Tho time for making application for these allotments' is limited to
the 1st day of May, 1319. Any application made after this date will not be
considered. These allotments apply to
town lota and lands of the Crown sold
attmblic miction.
lw Information apply to any Provin
atal Government Agent or to
Deputy Minister of Lands,
Victoria. B. C.
(Continued from page three) \
is shining for the working class. We have been'oppressed, we have
suffered, we have agonized and now let u% unite and stand together
against capitalism.' That is the plea I am making tonight.
"I do not desire to make any glowing periods. I wish I could
read your hearts tonight, your attitude of soul.
"Let us unite industrially. If Germany had been organized industrially war would have never come.
''These crimson flowers that have just been presented to:me represent the springtime, the springtime of revolution. I have faith in it
and in humanity.
'■There have been men and women of moral courage who dared
to speak the truth-as they saw it, who have been maligned and persecuted; "they have been stoned and burned at the stake, 'their ashes
scattered;'to'the four winds. These men are remembered and it is to
them that -we owe our progress.
Remember that George "Washington was denounced as an unprincipled scoundrel; Jefferson was said to be a violent fanatic; Samuel
Adams a dangerous character; Patrick Henry was an incendiary.
"A little later there was a group of abolitionists who fought
against, an institution which had existed for 250 years in this country.
Abolitionism was the Bolshevism of that day. Those men were ridiculed. Today they are honored, while the smug, respectable people
of their day lie buried and forgotten.
"The great working-class movement will similarly triumph. Its
Emancipation from the ruling class must come soon."
In every country of the world the capitalist class has used the
war and the possibility of persecution in the name of patriotism that
war times afford for a concerted attack upon-its most hated enemy,
the class-conscious working-class. Nowhere were real traitors, nowhere were those elements that directly served the enemy nation,
so relentlessly pursued as those who dared to demand rights for the
working class. In every country the labor agitator was more feared
than the spy, the man who demanded the restbration of the elementary
rights of the people more bitterly persecuted than he who openly expressed his sympathy with the cause of tlie enemy nation. "
In this America has been no exception.  Hundreds upon hundreds
of political aud class-war prisoners are in our jails because they dared
to say what they thought about the causes of the war and the actions
I and motives of our ruling class. Hundreds are serving ten and twenty
year sentences, because they belonged to labor organizations that refused to relinquish the right of the working-class to fight for better
conditions, for better wages and shorter hours.   Hundreds of young
J men are languishing behind prison bars because they refused, to be-
j tray'their own conscience by rendering military service.   In the eyes
j of capitalism, man or woman can commit no greater crime than     to
! espouse the cause of the working-class.
I And in the same measure as they have been sacrificed because
! tliey have served their fellows of the proletariat, it is the duty of the
working-class of this country to fight for tlieir release. They havo
fought our battles, they have spoken our opinions, they have conducted
our fight. It is up to us, lo tlie working-men and women of the country to demand their release, to demand it insistently, unmistakably, in
a great movement that will command the attention and the respect of
those who sent them there.
and European banks for the purchase of supplies and asks our government "to re-establish normal relations between ,the two countries."
These are certainly not the accents of failure, weakness, and despair. Lenine and Trotzky have been in power a year and a half. In
spite of constant" reports of defeats, famine, and social chaos, in spite
of the Murman and Siberian defections, they seem to be stronger than
ever. * There is a situation we are not permitted to see. Raymond
Robbins evidently tried to describe it last summer, but he could not
get a hearing until the senate called him the other day. But the public
has aright to*know what this phase of the Russian upheaval really is
and not be confined to partisan reports and sporadic rumors.
Why has Bolshevism survived and grown in Russia? What is its
strength there today? The measures in which we have joined up to,
this time seem to be futile or worse. They were not our measures.
It is time America asserted her right to know what she is about, to
make up her own mind whether she is pulling others' chestnuts out of
the fire or following a policy consistent with her own interests.
port trade, including such things as grain and other foodstuffs, flax,
hemp, and lumber. Should the blockade lie maintained for any
time il is not to be doubted that the illicit trade into Soviet. Russia'
in all these tilings will rise to unexampled proportions—to the very
substantial profit of the Scandinavians aud other expert smuggler;* and
blockade runners. Meantime, too, the Great Towers whoso national '
integrity has now been provisionally stabilized by America's decisive
participation in the war are placing an embargt/oii the import nf many
articles into the European market—in practical effect an embargo nn
the importation of these American products-for which Soviet Russia
i.s now making a cash offer. Soviet "Russia is today the only country
that places no obstacles in the way,of import trade. So it becomes
an interesting question: How long will those American vested interests
which derive an'.income from foreign trade have the patieiu-e to forego
an assured profit from open trade with Soviet Russia in order to
afford certain European vested interests a dubiously problematical
chance to continue getting something for nothing in the way of class
privilege and unearned income—From The Dial, Xew York.
Bolshevism  Is  Menace
To Vested Interets
Bolshevism is a menace to the vested interests of privilege and
property. This is the golden text which illuminates the policies pursued by the statesmen of the Great Powers in all their dealings with
Soviet Russia. Not that this axiom of imperialist statecraft is formally written into the Covenant of the League. It is only that tbe
policies pursued by the Elder Statesmen of the Great Powers have impeccably followed its line. What is formally written into the documents is the broad principle of self-determination. But in the measures taken by the Elder Statesmen, unasked, for the regularization of
Soviet Russia there enters no shadow of regard for the principh'of self-
determination. All--of-which appears quite reasonable and regular
so soon as it is illuminated by this golden text of the Elder Statesmen,
that Bolshevism is a menace to the vested interests of privilege and
property. The high merit as well as the high necessity of the resulting
inaneuvres of repression may be taken for granted as a matter of
course. No question of the merit of these inaneuvres is admitted
either by the substantial citizens or by their safe and sane statesmen'.
But it may still be in order to entertain a question as to what measures had best be taken in these premises, considering the means i\
hand and the circumstances of the case, considering the difficulties of
any effectual intervention and the uneasy temper of the underlying
peoples with which these Elder 'Statesmen will have to make up I heir
account. *'*-,■*•
The Russian situation is by no means simple and its details are
sufficiently obscure. Yet the outlines of it are visible in a large
way, and it is not without a certain consistency. And it is a per-
plexiiig situation that faces the Elder Statesmen of the Great Powers.
By and large Soviet Russia is self-supporting, beyond any other cotosid-;
Sir James  Wilson  Gives  Optimistic  Outlook  in  Interview  with
LIVERPOOL, Eng.. April 23.—At the conclusion of a comprehensive statement regarding the international wheat position,' Sir
James Wilson, in an interview with Broomhair.s, declared that by October 1, 1919, according to his estimates, Britain will have reaped a
harvest of 11,000,000 quarters as compared with pre-war average of
7,500,000 quarters. And, although the total yield of wheat in France,
Germany and Austria-Hungary will'be much below their pre-war average, all importing countries in the world which on the pre-war average imported 77,000,000 quarters are not likely to import in the year
ending July 1,1920, as much as 92,000,000 quarters.
Sir James Wilson docs not share the view of Mr. Hoover, wlio
stated that wheat in the United States may sell at .$3.50 next season.
By October 1, he says, the United States, Canada, and Argentina wi!":
find themselves in possession of an exportable surplus amounting to
113,000,000 quarters. In addition to this there is the prospect of an
additional 37,000,000 quarters\from Argentina, Australia, India, Russia* and Roumania. Competition between exporting countries to get
rid of tlieir exportable surpluses is likely to be very keen. Sir James
$1.00  I Editorial taken from the Chicago Tribune, Saturday, March 22, 1919
Postpaid'        -^m*   now   *',p   Bolsheviki     are    virtually    masters of   Uk-
mt Kl I-**-,    lwi
V~rn «—*^ i, wk-\t \r~vs
A    *tt    io _
i» s s vx~M"v~Tvr~Krt-Ta-'-Or
While Europe is clamoring for food, seventy thousand tons of
Canadian flour are being stored in warehouses waiting for shipping
orders, it is probable that Canada's wheat surplus may be purchased by Britain and the Allies, but it is reported that no Hour will
be shipped. Why this discrimination against Canadian flour? Is
there no place in the British Isles for any Canadian manufactured
products? At the present moment flour which cannot he exported
is being warehoused at Montreal, in addition to the 'nig surplus in other
,i       Isn't it about time for us to fiud out for ourselves just what this
j bolshevism is and amounts to in Russia!  Haven't we by this timo  a
j ralher vigorous suspicion that our news of that phenomenon has been
No letkir should lw."mailed without and is doctored for us—and certainly not for our benefit, for it cannot
Ibo return address to Iho sender aud
ono ilvtltur we will print your address
ou ono hundred good envelopes mid
send thorn Ui ymi post paid.  .
benefit America to be deceived ?
When bolshevism first appeared in the Russian situation we were
told it was ii n6isy minority which had no influence among the   Russians.     When bolshevism overthrew Kerawky wo were told that it
would not hold power for any length of time.    As time passed and
bolshevism did not disappear wo" were told it was tho dictatorship of
a few who were imposing their ambitious will by force.    We wore
i told tliat the mass of tho Russian peoplo were not bolshevist.   Wo
! were told they would fise to welcome foreign aid and overthrow tho
; tyranny which tlio bolshevist handful was so mysteriously able to im
j pose upon them.   We wero told that the allied troops were winning
' victories.    They wore strange victories yhich left the victors num-
you!**** belter envelop* mod ..* «r"»8 verats fartho>' awft>'from the °»0«««ve than before, strange vi*.
tfl.tfi.   l,rl(«*H«'in-huKin-iiu.iiitit,ii.«im. * torioN iu which the red troops suffered appalling losses while the til-
Cash With The Order
Mond un $1.0(1 fur „ trial uiiler.   If i
|irn|*irtniiiiit«>ly lowor.
to regulate by forcible measures from outside. The Russian people at
large are still in a "backyard state" industrially. So that they are
used to depending on a home-grown food supply and on local and
household industry for the ordinary necessities of life in the way of
clothing, shelter, fuel, and transport. At the same time they also
have the use of something appreciable in the way of a'machine'' industry, widely scattered both along their borders and through the
Country inland—enough to s&rve somewhat sparingly as a sufficient
auxiliary to their farm and household industry in case of urgent need.
It follows that any protracted continuation of the existing blockade
of imports will scarcely starve Soviet Russia into submission. In
fact it eould scarcely do more than starve the remnants of the vested
interests in Kussia. This would hold true even in the improbable
event that the Grout Powers should succeed in closing the ports of the
Pacific, Baltic, and Black Sea to all sea-borne trade. To hold such a
country in a perpetual stage of siege would scarcely be a profitable
enterprise, since there is no prospect of a favorable outcome, and since
a perpetual iou'of this state of sit^'e would bring no gain to the vested
interests in whose behalf the enterprise is undertaken. At Hie si>me
time an extensive campaign of occupation and forcible control promises no better solution, inasmuch as the Soviet Republic is proving
Strike   Threatens
In Australia
■There is a possibility of another
serious coal strike in Australia.
There Imve been many such sirikes
here, but it is only right to say that
if the present talked-of strike takes
place, it will .he totally different
irom any which has occurred heretofore.
The miners are out to make their
caso it national concent. A* everything depends on coal, they argue
that the gejioral    public    have a
likely to take plan-, either.
This dispute is uf especial interest, hoth. to Australians mid x:i
people in other parts of the world,
inasmuch as for tin* first tini'} the
miners are aiming at the cstabliah-
ment of a new principle in industrial bargaining which sooner or
later will have to be adopted by
every worker in the world.
Heretofore it has been tlie cits-
tiini of nrliit nit ion courts to tty
; lied forces lost few, but were able to retire with part of their «»»»  fcetH of -m qualities, but it ha* aim the qualities of its defects.
j supplier while punishiug the enemy by burning tho remainder.   Al- -|M      W(f ()f S(,r;rtUS BgKreHHlon. but it is »lx» incapable of cimditKive
■ waya the red armies are, or are about to be. crushed, and now after i ^^ ,iy f(|m,
I months of almost constant defcaU we read that they are virtual mast- '
cm of Ukrainia, that they have an army of half or three-quarters of n Meantime Soviet Kuss.a offers an ntirnctiw market for mi-Ii
I millian men, officered bv trained soldiers of thc former German m<\\ America., products as machine tools and faetory eqnipm.-nt. railway
I Rutilan armies * | »»»»t«ri«l and rolling stock, electrical supplies, farm implements   mnl
j       At the same time a representative in America of U.e Soviet gov- tools, textiles, wrought leather goods, certain foodstuff* ami ..,-rtaiu
! eminent offers on its behalf to deposit $200,000,000 in gold in Atnericaii metals; and at thc antite time there is wiling a !».-•• volume of ev.
right to   know   the-   rights   uiul j ami discover how little it . tnke« to
wrongs of a dispute in the indus- i keep a worker, how much he had
try.   Tliey want the public      to] hh family "nt n1 their home, what
, know what thoir wages are in the j price his wife pays for a drcss.'and
to be quite formidable in tho field, and since thc amorphous country i jmi,lstrVf a|K„ what are the own- !h«w often the children go lo ,i pic
on which it draws is not vulnerable in any vital part.    It has tho de- ji<tk' prollts, in order to establish-tun- show.   N'o attempt bus i vor
K is (the fuel in the public mind that i< ; been mnde to make the owner* din-
is not thc miner* who are rcspmi-jclosi» their profits, to see whether
sible for the high rates of coal iia- {tiny can be reasonably reduce! nr
posed following award* given to!somo of the profits handd lo tin"
them. 'men in the shape of im-reHe I pay
At the end of VMi't, afier ii \ without penalizing the -general'
Mrikc. the contract miiict-i*. with i public, in short, im at tempi b.is
given an increase, while lhe wu-if i been made to properly and linnesi-
of off labor in mines was also in- jly ailoeale the wealth of an indus-
eieiimd.   The eiu'ht-boiir b.-mk-lo ' try between ' i-nuibiver ;t.;,|    ,,„|.
ej)c Diotmt i'ctiQer
Mfu should stay away from ■
Unite owing to lack nf AWpintf
AceonuncHlaUon, hotel and bunk,
hotieee being over-crowded. No-;
tic* will lw given when thing* get,
A. McFefta,
■Mmertrtmrm t,tx*nl ttoirm ttm   ttWt
bank principle wn*
...... *' .     ',
..'  *   11 ,
of Pocihontai   re-
t|ttii«» Um immivmm*   mi o *i*m:x**l.
For farther Mrtienlara writ*,
Loetl Vtkm Ifo. Sift. V. M. W,
of A.
Utoon on htrehj ooufal   to
stay ntny ttom  Grtenkill Mto4.
Alta..   until farther
A Straight Tip
Advertisements in The District Ledger
much lha people who arc willing und
ablz. fo spend money ft will be ymir
own fault if you don't get some cf that
money     Jj you're interested, Get Susy.
owners  Were allowed   by  Ilie  'i'iv-
i-CHHM'-it   Ii,   t*.»i«|.  (t'i.  uri.'I*  (,f tli.*ir
•coal by Tl! -enU per ton   to #UX>
Otieiitfo    In st irein-hniit tirliele per tou for lnrj»e eoal and $tMil
in tin-"New M;ijonl>,*' liieorgnti!l"'f \an [,r *:»;'l! "*;,'1
of lhe I'hi.-ngo Labor Party. Frank
1*. Walsh, until     iceently   joint
.1   at..i* ittl: *$**!■
In loin., to iiii i'ikI ;»-. far ns Ihey
'!'«• o»'i-rii.'il     T'<-v  %t-v.S,   ■-. lri
p'11-.iiil tbnt will .vlrilie a! the \«-rj
; n.ot of Ihis iilliiHportsiiit tiwtti-r
'ainl thus <-i!,i!»li?h a prr;nh-«t that
I nil   ttifek-l «.i-*   ,*,,,,*   mlloW
It han been "'iin-f dis-'overeil tbnt fidi xvorl* r% mny ffllow in lb* fu*
the mitieiH, by i|i>-iv».»<><i    ot.l|>tlt,   ttue     Tbey .i*li  for jih iio|r|iein|
have more than r«*-*onped the oxxu-  >-tii emirt wliii-h will have poMi»r to
Htnirmaii with William    Howard ' <irH for nnv   inerejise   in   wan**«invent ieate Jli.'ir.-,iniiti«<»*«tiil   tin-
Trtfl ol' the   Wnr
iriw*  Iti*  \'ieW»  on
pr»f»b in     Vy, ■• 5j«'.
I.«bu|'      ItiiMI'il.   Klllllled llnill, mi lll.lt   llu- ifl>tVil*«
tf'-tieral publie of 72 ronl*
ver Ion for i-onl ven* nn «mp<»ni!ion
jf nhoulil lie nieiilioiied    lhat the
■.illimj' on hu itiiliu- Allstralbm CouiiiioiiWe.iltli -fiowrn
I think in,     St*. »»*nt in ^aneiiotiintf the iiierva***- *4
profit  of  tliiir *> mployoo  iii   |Jo>
•»jiiin« liitii-. iiii,*! Lv tin-, nt.*:irH fulr-
ly rlHo-ilte 1)h>  w'i.,|Mi ol' ttu* ,',*nl
.witiiiiif industry.
If tin- I'n.'i! niiiii'i's of Australia
*ieiir«. on"h a fribunal■■■end public
■Ji.tt; *,';  v. it! >1 ,nh',U >■»    f.»,r .'  if
ithi-y will hiixo laid ih*' t*nn*-*lnti*m
, fur ,i better d.i> m iiidtt.->ir\ .is far
U«ny m'tontn #a lh*    ore 1!a*h
ttllti HoDOlf ALO,
!•:•. - rj.'-, ■■ f the isfli.-l.
1     Is Ameri' ;♦
I trial vol.-iiiio!
j lM..i>  i* x\it*** vioiuiilt   iii   pntdiei;«''»! t**r the owni'rs stipnbted t'. *'.
what iimy happen in this or that**! «'«* <*«d '»f *»« month*   an 7,
ie«iihii«enev, ImM %»tne tbiiitf*   mi- <ill'r,v shuuld lake pb*ee into th
j,.aPi        ' iiwn<trs'lMJ«ki« t«»i«»«'if the iiierease|as the workers ot Australia aw
I in ler I he tr»i inmtii" n**t*t ini? the wt** JMstUWd.   ftttt *»» ftit' this ivi j«-i,iiv'*-i'ii-«'4,     Frarwi** Ab'iriv, K|w*.
»«,.„,...«„.„,,,»»**«♦.       ,.,.!,,:*,,„.,,     , fnitirr loot not tnVi*>rt rilnco no* u il ' i«l l"ftrr«»*n<-m«|i»*nti
\ 1i*\***e in *»«.i*i(*i»» tiiio* l*ii»f»*n«»» tti«> <•*•; 	
ploitr»r« of th«' whnli- nation in the( ,■■■■..■'■ '  "*.*     *     : *   ** ■-■.■.   j-**.* *.,.,...—*.
timeof it»gr*»at*Mil ntn-Ks   Few. if |<*r to hia job. j   All   intelligent   pinions   know
any. priu-H'eutn»n*   Inlloii^l,  audi    The tnuh is, o<   t„ut**>.   thatitknt hmftAhimrm *r* mt wit    o
where eon vie tion* were had,   th#;wageN   nowhen*   in   the   I'nil**!  phyntea) detriment. ImiI fend    l«
oi-.i.ttfSir.i,-   ar I****.   riiti("nlon*,lr      losr : Ht alt**  hav* lu-flm     t»t  SttH-n ttnt-o * ****.,*   *r** **••«««)•  ,tt*xt.t-tm*,.:,-"t*-t   nnt tn
compared with th<m* itifliefed up«m* with the increase in the cost of Hv- mb the state of the assistance if
l»*c*nwini» »crii*#d of rwlating the;ing. The ordinary laH^rvr in the m'MAm.,ot men and women who
espionage aet aud other war-time \ United States i* mill eimiiwlled t» should have time to attend to itxm
etatulea by tfieeeh end writing. i t^ke « vrnite that leaven liim In-low ntM<ial ami juditienl dutim: that Ihi-
When the war ended, and before jthe line of a living in health and ibody ami *»nl demand time and to.
the aooml of Ihe artillery had died I rvanonahfe comfort: while even the J ereni ion ami e«ntem|»kti«»* whieh
away, manv id th»i»e aame eiu>Wit-(high<"it paid wkiiWd v»..rkiii«ii, wall, not** not *,,** «Wni«d m alt} form
mrn. in eomKiiwtNHi an«l nn indirid tbe mt**t'wix nt all of his *k»ll and Uf wwiefy entitled In endwhe.
Halt*. »*eff»n t« iteniawt redact mn* Mtrcngf h t*otb m the i»e»r*ry and >ti • i iio not kii»k what tbr w»»rkeisi
i* the"a«r*dleM wage* of the awrthhi nnion orgenization. hae been | will eventnally demand, bnt I do
prrioi.." a* they (nit it. They ■ MsumpHleiil t« »«he the \ttm*r'* -1»! jtsx%--**%\ i}\*\ they dematnl nn*\ m\t\
tm$m\ thin with o aovofe re»iat-'i«m jtc#.nv»t nf the «.»r .have at Unnt theae   fundamental
,anee t« the MiaintewMiee and *x*>\    All |a»t men eoneede that every!thing* mn, (
l tf n*H»n of the eight-honr day; the f bmmt worker ha* a |»r.*f»erty righ». To th.**** wb*» would stand in
*tmr>** nlil r**i*t*w*r**9 umi iH^-eai *»|- m bt* yo-o mit*. >W»» *> m*a*i W» **■• !■»*»- «*« «t|j Mt*tft* WWoig* lhe ee-
I prmitwn to the free riirht of organ-1 e«ttnitetl by rmntmer. aa ttrtt a« «iw«i«;^i1itv f«r whatever nwt host**
iialion, and a cynical diaregard «f h» the hurt of the state and na pen f thew rifhfn are pcmiatetltly
| oujr right wl*t*terer of th**- *»*rk-' tion. I d*niel psy.1
li *.'       iwn'i^pi'
Results secured during the past year re-affirm the position of the Sun Life of Canada as
the largest life assurance organization of the Dominion.
Fair-dealing and progressive business methods have given it leadership in annual New
Business, Total Business in Poree, Assets, Surplus Earnings, Net Surplus, Total
Income, Premium Income and Payments to Policyholders.
Don't Fail to see Geraldine Farrar
the noted opera and screen star at the
Grand tonight and twice toworrow.
For Sale—A Magnet Separator;
nearly new; cost $100.00; will sell
for $75.00.—G. Parnell, Flagstone, B.
C. Apr25-4i
Wanted to Rent—Furnished house
in a good location for months of May
and June.   Reply Box 888, City .
For Sate Cheap.—A twelve seat
Ferris Wheel and Organ; in nrst.class
condition; a good money maker for
this summer. Apply to -S. Trono, Blair,
more, Alberta. 38.41*
Whltt Drive and Dance in Christ
Church basement next Wednesday,
May 7th. Wftiat 8 to 30.30. Dancing
10.30 to 1. Refreshments. Admis.
sion, 25c.
Gone to Calgary.—Frank Bamford,
who las been on the Trites-Wood staff
tor Bomo time, left for Calgary on
Thursday to take a course in the au.
tonfobile school.
The United Church.—Rev. C. B.
Batzold, pastor; services, Sunday,
May 4th: 11 a.m. "Longing for the Liv.
ing God;" 7.80 p.m. "Through Night
to Light;" 8.80 p.m. Sabboth School.
A hearty welcome to all.
Olivet Baptlct Church, Sunday, May
4, 1919.—Sunday School, 2.30; evening
■service, 7.19; entirely in charge of the
Girls Choir and will take the form of
a song serrice. The sermon will be
"Self Control."
Piano Tuning—If your piano needs
tuning send a note to Box 498, Fernie
and I will call and do the work for
you  at a reasonable  cost. L.   O.
Knights Will Unveil Honor Roll.—
On Tuesday evening in Ingram's Hall
the Knights of Pythias will unveil their
"Honor Roll." A full attendance of
Knights and their wives and Pythian
Sisters is expected and all are urged to
be present. A social and special programme is being prepared for the oc.
caBion and the hour for commencement will be half past seven o'clock,
Banquet to Returned Soldiers.—
The banquet to the returned soldiers
given by the United Church on Tues.
day night was a complete success. The
occasion of the visit of Mr. Helmaing,
of the Navy League, was taken advantage of to express appreciation of
the services the men had rendered and
to give them a hearty welcome home.
More than two hundred were present.
Rev. (Lieut.) Batzold was chairman.
W. R. Wilson responded to the toast
to The Empire; G. A. Bonallie re.
sponded to the Dominion; A. I. Fisher,
M.P.P., to The Province; Mayor Uphill to The City. The Army and Navy
was responded to by Mr. (Helmsing,
-Major Moffat, Capt. Claridge, Sergt.
Bryant and Bishop Wilson. U. S. Con.
sul N. F. Brand and Harry Miard re.
spondfld to Our Allies and Arthur
Muirhead to The Ladies. *
Secretary Browne Loses Little Son.
—'Members of District 18 will regret
to learn of the death of the little son of
Secretary Hdw. .Browne. .He was sick
with the flu and later complications
followed. The funeral was on the 21st
instant at Taber.
Coming to  the  Grand  Theatre on
Wednesday, 14th May, local talent   in
en   nrlc-lnnl  farnl-nal  fntnflrty.   tn   Hirfln
acts, entitled "Facing the Music."
Keep this date open and don't fail to
be tbere if you enjoy a good laugh. Ad.
mission 75c. and 50c.
The Opening of the Grand.—Manag.
er Eccles has good reason to be pleased with the opening of the Grand, the
miners' theater, under his manage,
ment. All during the week there has
been splendid patronage and he is
promising an even more eloborate line
of attractions for next-week. Tonight
and twice tomorrow Geraldine Farrar
will be the attraction in "The Woman
God Forgot." This week at the Saturday afternoon matinee the children
will be admitted free. Manager
Eccles is advertising: "You're our
guests, Kids," A glance at tbe ad.
vertisement at the foot of this page
will show the excellent program for
the coming week. The change in the
picture booth at the Grand has been a
marked improvement and as soon as
possible the stage is to be widened
which will Increase the capacity of tho
house by opening the screen1 to view
from every part of the house,
the Grand in the afternoon could not
bo given justice in less than a couple
of columns and at least a half a
column ought to be given to the ad.
dress made by Joe Knight at Victoria
Hall in the evening preceding the
most enjoyable O. *B. U. dance. Knight
will doubtless have a big house at the
Grand on Sunday afternoon and we are
making arrangements with'Mr. Kings-
ley for a series of articles. There was
a little hitch at the start of the O. B.
TJ dance for which The District Ledger
ia responsible. In preparing the ad.
vertisement and posters for the committee we inadvertently failed to
make clear that the evening meeting
in Victoria Hall which was to have
been addressed by Mrs. Knight was
entirely in connection witb the dance
for which tickets had been sold. A
number thought admission to the
speaking should have been free but
those who paid their admission were
not disappointed and felt that the
money was going to a deserving cause.
There was much regret when it was
announced that IMrs. Knight was ill
and unable to attend the meeting but
her husband's talk was a good one
and but a foretaste of what is coming
Sunday afternoon at the Grand.
William S. Hart Has Another
Strong Picture of the West—
May Day In Fernie.—We regret that
we have not time to prepare an ac.
count of the May Day meetings in
Fernie.   E. T. Kingsley's address    at
The mere announcement that Wil.
liam.S. .Hart is to.be seen in a new
photoplay is sufficient to rouse intense
interest among picture fans anywhere.
That they will not be disappointed in
his newest presentation, one which
affords him ample opportunities for
the display of his rare powers of a
portrayer of Western roles, is a fore,
gone conclusion.
'Mr. Hart's new vehicle is "the
Tiger 'Man," directed by Mr. Hart him.
self, under the supervision of Thomas
H. Ince, master, craftsman, while the
scenario is th'e work of J. G. Hawks,
who is responsible for many of Mr.
Hart's recent Artcraft successes.   It is
"The Tiger -Man," which is to be presented at the Grand theatre next
'Friday and Saturday, May 9th and
lOth, is a typical Hart role, and yet
wholly different in conception and
treatment. Hawk Parsons is an out.
law and leader of a band of despera.
does, who make the desert their head,
quarters. When a wagon train
comos to grief within Hawk's bailiwick
and the young and pretty wife of a
preacher appeals to Hawk for aid, the
developments come thick and fast.
How the '/■tiger .man" is regenerated
by a pious jvoman, and'for whose sake
he makes.a great sa-crifl.ce, ia interest.
ingly told,. , Th# support is excellent,
and the photography fully up to the
high Artcraft standard.
(By Hollister, Heath & Co.)
"Confidence and courage develop
best where there is conscious power
together   with   freedom of action."—
The purpose of our schools is to
train for a life among a self-governing
people. The salient facts here are
that we are a free people, but that we
recognize the need of government.
Training to intelligent self.govern.
ment, then, involves training to a full
realization of tho place of individual
freedom and alBO of governing au.
thority in, this mode of national existence.
Failure to realize the place of authority in such a government may be
said to constitute a peculiar weakness
of our democracy.
The kind of government which will
best prepare our youth for the full
recognition of this two.fold nature of
self-government is the ktnd of govern,
ment for our high school to adopt.
The writer will never forget the im.
pression made upon him by frequent
visits to the Central High School of
Kansas City, Missouri, in 1890 to 1892.
Here was a school of 1600 boys and
girls, governed apparently with ease.
At class intermissions they were left
free to pass through corridors and
up and down the stairways without
anyone on guard; no system of espionage permitted, conversation was
free, movement deliberate or rapid,
as suited the individual's convenience.
The only requirements were that there
be no unseemly boisterousness and
that all be In their places for the next
recitation or study period.
Yet navar* was there observable
any marked,deviation from such conduct as d&rotum in any social group
would dictate.
(Other conditions require other
For some a maximum of freedom
but a sufficient amount of restraint
to act as a constant reminder that the
necessary felement of an alert author.
Hy existed, ls bent.
Will meet regularly
every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock.
Visiting members
cordially welcome.
W. Pennington, Alfred Baker,
C C. K. R. S.
Teacher of   .
Piano and Organ
Theory, Harmony, Counterpoint,
Transposition, Composition,
Wm. Robson
by the day
Dr. W.H. Pickering
Bank ot Hamilton Bid?. .Opposite
Suddaby's Drug Store
Phone 188
Saturday Matinee 2.30.   Saturday Nights First Show at 7
Friday and Saturday, May 2 and 3
You remember Big Bill Russell in "Hobb's In A Hnrry," well we bare him
again in the big smashing six act feature
"All The World To Nothing"
One ofthe best productions that Russell has ever appeared in
RUTH ROLAND in the 11th chapter of "Hands Up"
One Reel Comedy
Monday and Tuesday, May 5 and 6
"The Millionaire Pirate"
The story of a modern millionaire adventurer, whose love-adventure was
decided for him two huudred years before
amazing adventure serial
"The Woman In Tlie Web"-chapter 1
Two Part Comedy
Wednesday and Thursday, May 7 and 8
"Skinner's Dress Suit"
If you want 0 first class evenings entertainment don't miss seeing "Skinner's
Dress Suit"
Mary Miles Minter in "Wives and Other Wives"
Dustin Farnum in "The Light of Western Stars"
Ashes and Garbage
a powerful story of the desert In the
days of the gold rush, and Us develop,
ment is dramatic and thrilling to a
to the Grind Theatre about the
middle of May, M
"Pacing the Music" ■
three acts
Local Talent Watch for date,
Direction Harry M. Eccles
Perfect Projection
Popular Prices
Grand Concert
MAY 2nd.
Geraldine Farrar in
'The Woman God Forgot'
ADULTS   -   -   15 cents
Monday and Tuesday
Jesse L. Laskey presents
Wednesdayand Thursday
May 7 and 8
Adolf Zukor presents
Marguerite Clark la
1 fhe Seven Swans'
Adepttd nad direct** *r
Jf. Searle Dawley
Friday and Saturday
May 9 And 10
Matinee Saturday at 2.30
Jesse L. Laskey presents
William S. Hart
'2*** mttt*ffif$w?dm-
ia ■**» lew ■
- **!,-*.
' ■' Sf "*i       j
' " ■' i*
v *r i ■■
in "The Source"
tit* *«*** oi iln*, amtiA Httm.   Hn »*■»■».
Imi tt net tt bon mbno Im mv tb*
tfff mt* ktai witi tottttmtrt.   Hot thai
task omtn Mn H«M   btwuttt nmt ft*
ottnto tbn onm* tin tall tm torn »Mfc
Ha*, fom laat yeat mn-kobntmant
I*o jron rememtH r th«< time ym rvs<l
AndcriMin and Arlmm nnd tlw hon**.
tt.-*!,***    *, ..'.km ■   ■■■    *««•    ,*.    *.*■     **     .■•.,,     ff.'   ..
twd tbmy all "ttv*4 h»w» .tier atit*"
Un »n lw** WNIi MurtiMflt* Ctertr.
too, m tlit*- <tafntl<Hrt. tlwlimt, mont
tnaRntfttvnllr it**** alto* naer mm,
ten tot Mt* »t» Sawnst •»« tb*lr
mak*** Mtet'-t*.
'Hose Atktetic Girls*
with LouUr Fraavnffa
A La»i» in th* tannin ami hwnyl
The ri-tur ef Mortal Hoofif
A bltet in im ttitnt NCfht!
rttmtta* ♦♦>« *******»■„ .* «»,« «rt*«.» •>.
Ufa Prima Da«na «f Wtleto Opnr.
,   Co,
In n wwrtnff* «f th* uient Broad.
way font Kuceeasot
■'*** -' "»    "mn.*,    !*.*&*■,*,)   a.     *>(*>*>»
Thtiirt, at Swll ani MS
ttomtny not r**aatfay wire Mnrnt Taa
bntn I* ba tarty"
tftttntnd.y nnt   Thurntay-^Chntlot
trtbot MM   Unmr4ay-"rim   Pfefca*.
Uemia* -nd Toe-tdaam-Pete-^tmn teem*
"fHn-wrbmntl ttotf.
¥ftdm'*i4'a amO Thtit'itm-   l-tHrtlaw
PrWhrr ooi tmortntt-t-^bmorhom Pat-
How's the chance for us to send
our big garbage wagon around to
your back yard for a spring clean
McGladery Bros.
Phone No. 69 Fernie
Fernie, B.C.
Under new management.   The
best prices paid for all kinds of
second hand furniture, stoves, etc.
Bawson & Meek, Prop.
Men should stay away from
Brule owing to lack of sleeping
accommodation, hotel and bunk
houses being over-crowded. Notice will be given when things gel
A. McFegan,
Secretary Local Union No. 1054
Mrs. E.Todd
FeraIe British Oohurtia
Seasonable Millinery in the Latest Styles from the
Great Fashion.Centers
Coats, Capes, Suits, Gowns, Dresses, Whitewear, Hosiery, Fancy
Work Materials, etc.
Special attention to Mail Orders.
Frt'WiftlaR aaw -nanftnat ta nortoynt
Ooda otdy.
_^*T?'r» -5W*
wnr Imprar-MMnta aa napaetlva «atm
JYt-tmptort moot eeeupy elatmntit
Otn ynun aint tntmn tmiiftmiiaiia ta
ante, afiifimt turn. la-Ntt-lWB ataailrg
•na •
Wttwa M>«at*l*w In -MMMtloa net
Mb UuuMTjiMimjMi haa mila.
at lll-lJRihwreih*r nam
n***tw* mlttM*S~y**tt*a.it*iiil tantdanan
mny Im uaaai pterin* ntMtmd makaa
tmpiwv.m.1. t* mmt efifon n
i, hn mur. aaaaaaf
eauafcM grantM
ta •» (mpra¥wn«Bt
wpaata la astant «r waa jM*raa«
•am aaa interna taxta. aaak rami. nfl>
gr« te mak. iMprevamanta er raeotd
mmm wffl oMrati aa fatfanarf.   Tltja
entit* he «MBiaai aa thima oUUmi fa
m than • r*nm, artib taifravanianta et
• ptr men, ynetmntatp T aaraa alaarta
•r^ evHtaalai, ami ratMtaaa et at
mm t yaere
IV.-itmpJ-w hataing Crawa -ttrant mar
raeord anathar ara amptlaa, KTm m*.
■ulraa UM la aanjanMmi wiw Ma
nrm, wtthoat actmu ooeaaatlen. pre-
aided Mattttaty ImiNwvwimila man. ant
rrtnU'ic* maintatnatl an crswn gmntnl
i  ta*. m
Vit*itra*r*4ar*a*.mal ataaaaina* tt
i tti'**PXt'ba *Im-*IimnI ilt«r?u)UUnt rt»l>
) 4i-.u») ned imprm-anianX vtrpdMana   .
) P*w rtantop ami iniaMrtal mmmaan,
i »f. *• anraeAlep IM tttra* map b» mtmi
. hv on* i>. r-Mi<. ««r company
| *t\p tttiprono' mnt ouants act.
■(i# «*..»« <*4 iM* Afft Mi Miiart.4 te
,   ii-w-ttKte aii itarmma Jviiiing »na_Mr«tn0
;   mnu tu* il*}e*tr:* Ptmam,   TImi tiiwa
I   within Hhtrh tha hatr* tw datmaaa oi a
At*,*er**f4 ***..*tfntiur    may    tmAV tut
tn'.tr u:rt.i  %h*i* Art  t» «it»tMliid (n>m
t,** j«*tr from it** «t«»Mft vt *wrti parton,
*j,  f.'in.i»wi.'l)i   i-i'viiM  i.i«m jihimi  *(ii»r f.lM
■tmtttiwfm* at lh* vtaamwt wat,    71***
nrO'i'i-art ,. tnm matt* r**trn**1t*t.
f,'i,i ,.H.*i 19 M**tt   I ut  Hit jrratii  te
n*r*ot*a  tmMlrp   «tM>nipl#taC Apt**.
ttman* I* rufit'iii-ii'i**- tf-wtwi tilm treemm at
mtmm a*™e*a**ttt* ^ tnm *aam. w wrawamn.
aa tha paynwMt* alr«Mly nmm wm
wtr in |wwf*i»ii«« to xh* Mit* priee at
tt>* ***** fntn* Tttn nt mor** tmtwm*
i^^emm^* MHM. mmaaa^^am*^ ^^ma m^m
ihiHa tataf***-!* mme aaala faa a aaaaaa^
itmmt* allMNMwt OlStW It it Trail
«MMt*» tf 4tfMa tha lawi
The Sweep of the 0. B. D.
ivrr 4 py -aa aaaQtaiiai ttm tm ntrngot'
tmwtam***!. an altatinant mt tnnt
at *m*mt
Ctttmm '
it mmm ealeele* tram at
jainiiTa   ton   Inmmtp i
Thtaa aaataKanta ata nmm
a atraHaiM*
ta wpmm xh.
iLuu^^H^ki   ^tjuS^L ttll  i*tk
Ow it HjUBWL ^
Hear a Member of the
Central Committee
Joe Knight
At Grand Theatre
Mr.     *
Sunday Afternoon
2:30 o'clock
Seats Free     Cone Early


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