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The District Ledger Jun 6, 1919

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VOLUME t, NO. 43
Winnipeg Strike
Winnipeg news is brief and no set- Chief uMacPherson.    Now no strikers
tlement has as yet been reached.   Cal. will be employed by tbe shops of the
gary reports that the objection now railways, according to the ultimatum
being raised by.the strikers is in re- but there havjB been no applicants for
ugards to the government's refusal to the jobs yet, tt Is stated,
treat  with the  postal  workers   who The street, cars did not run toil ay
went on strike regardless of the ob. and    General    Manager    /McLarmot
Jection of the authorities. There may
be a complete tie-up in Calgary in aid
of the postal workers.
Vancouver ls quite, only part of the
Vancouver workers have as yet been
called ont.
".—Instances are accumulating that
the strike Is growing more serious.
, The demonstrations are hourly increasing in volume and intensity. Kor
the third time the parliament build.
Ings were stormed today and the
buildings and grounds were literally
black with strikers who had marched
through the streets to 'again Interview the premier. -'They .jammed .the
Interior and swarmed over the very
sides and top of the structure until
no more could gain entrance, but In
Bplte of their vigorous cries and, en.
ergetic demeanor there was no actual
The strikers mounted' the tire
escapes and -climbed in at the windows and others went onto the roofs,
The wide copings of the lirst and
second story was the restlng.place
of scores who actually climbed up the
sides, using" the decorated columns
like human flies. The trees afforded
other places of vantage, and still others climbed on to the line old statue
of Queen Victoria, facing the east
side, next the parliament buildings.
Premier Is Adamant
Again the speakers harangued the
premier -and his cabinet, demanding
that he call a special session of the
legislature to make sympathetic
strikes legal. Again the premier re.
fused. The parade, when it formed ai
11 o'clock in front of the city hall had
in the ranks less than a thousand, but
by the time It had reached the
grounds there were five thousand or
more, and spectators with cars surrounding the place increased the pro.
portion by two thousand. '■■■*<
■Mayor Oray ahd Frefl Law, provin
clal organizer of the Great War JVeter.'
ans, addressed the men, urging them
to abandon the idea of daily parades,
bb they were Inviting violence. Neither speaker was listened to, and there
. was Homo jeering. A ten.f pot Union
.Tack fastened to a long red pole was
carried by a big man with a returned
soldier's button on. 'live crowd at*rt-
*ed in the middle of the street south,
ward ten deep and thoir ranks were
constantly added to, and as the rigs of
somo department stores passed they
wore boo-ed.
Flags aro Seized
Hero and there a flag was torn Trom
the conts of passing pedostrlans, and
from an auto a large flag was snatched
as the car passed. There waa some
singing and answering cheer* from
sympathizers on the sidewalks. Ollice
buildings quickly flllod and upper win.
dows were opened to witness the demonstration.- Around the T. Katou Co.,
tho parade wound onco, with much boo.
Ing and cheering but thoy were headed
for tho parliament buildings. Here and
there was a returned soldier in uniform marching with the parade, and
aearoa nt buttons were to b« noon
unions the men, probably on«> In llva
of tho wholo, bnt thero waa no womon
in th" parade. The mon wmv rnthor
woll drowsed, -caps predominating, and
• they were rather an upstanding body
of men.
Foreigners In Proioaaion
Outnumbering the noldiern wero
thoso of obvious European origin, hut
thoy wore less demonmrntlr* than
the men of apparent Rnalluli and Cana.
dlan origin. Hat they were smiling,
tho whole of them, and from tha «»de-
walka earao encouraging cries, which
*»re answered with tha raisin* of -tap*
and more dicers, but not load hurrah*
It left „tha impression   of a manned
stated that service would not bo at-
tompted for some days. He did not
say why,# but It is believed to bo duo
to the increasing restlessness or the
strikers since the city authorities ordered the cars started. The members
of the Committee of One Thousand
nro sticking grimly to their jobs and
members are disregarding their personal business In their determination
to finish the job. The bureau is surrounded by fleets of caw day and night
and every where is heard the remark;
"We have them beat but we must
keep-on. We are fighting all Canada's
battle.   We are winning."
Strikers Cheer Veterans
The otherwise drab surroundings
were broken during the morning by
the arrival of the Strathcona Horse
and Fort Garry Horse direct from
France, together with the Seventh
Cavalry sFleld Ambulance, and they
marched through the streets- with
great crowds cheering them, among
whom were many strikers, who hurrahed viciously. The Fort Carries will
be demobilized here instead of at
Calgary, as was originally planned,
will be no demobilization for the present. All marched to barracks, where
military preparedness has not slackened. The city council. again today
postponed action on enforcing the demand for a pledge against sympathetic
strikes until Tuesday. The metal
trades mediation by the railway broth,
erhoods continues, but with nothing
Saved the Flag
Howard B. Lloyd, a member of the
Committee of One Thousand, resented
tiie efforts of the parading strikers to
remove the flag, from his coat,'and
fought it out on the street corner with
a dozen piling on top of him. He was1
mauled badly, but saved his flag
There was no arrests.
The Telegram construed this as a
feature regarded as violence.   In an
editorial it says: A"&* climax in the"
strike situation Is rapidly approaching. Reports reached the police from
a number of sources this morning that
mobs, composed mostly of foreigners,
were attacking automobiles with-
stones in several sections of the city.
At Redwood bridge, It was declared,
many cajre'were Btoned and two car
owners reported to the Telegram that
they had been attached at the foot of
the "Arlington Street overhead bridge.
In one case, at least, the driver of a
car was injured with stones. .Drastic
measures to put down this form of
rioting will be instituted at onee, and
it is stated that If the*police forco Is
unable to cope with the situation other
and adequate steps will bo tnken."
Labor News dido «
Tho Labor News hns the following
in striking head lines over the report
on Pago 1 of tho parade to thc parliament buildings. "Sokliara buck nlrlk.
urs to the-limit. Ten thousand wearing buttons inarch to parliament build.
Ings. Toll Premier Norrls to cill oft
tho commltteo of One Thousand. Urge
special session to legislate re collect-
Ive bargaining. IX'uonueo treatment
of telephone girls, tlolng back to In.
torvlmv tho government-Monday 'naming. Visit thc city hall and demand
withdrawal of the ultimatum to,civic
employees. Insist that police remain
on duty. City council leaves matter
lo stand over till Tuesday morning,
liivo policemen ovation, Carry flag to j
Lnbor Temple. Say sympathetic strike
cannot be called off until collective
bargaining Is .established. Hosent|
press campaign of vtlllflcatlon. Bay it
must stop. Olvo three cheers for the
Ubor News."
Telsgram From Calgary
At Ubor Temple tho strlko mnnn.
♦ •*►♦♦♦♦♦<>♦♦♦♦♦ -n*
♦ '«>---->-«>-«<♦♦♦♦<«■>*«..».«.-*».
The men on th-e government road
hero are still working. They have
made demands for that 'two bits*
which has been taken-away since last
summer, whether they get It or not
remains to be seen .Another kick
which those workers seem to have is
that they cannot get pay sooner than
once a month. Apparently thoso men
were not covered by tho two weekly
pay days and ihe government has for.
got Its own employees.
Great interest is now being shown
by the Returned Men, also the Miners
here on the possibility of a good Soldier's and Workman's Club at Natal.
The near future will no doubt see this
necessity a real fact.
The bushmen here are awaiting in.
structloife from the Loggers Union before they quit work. Word has been
received here that they may quit when
tliey choose but thi? is not sufficient
for the bushmen, they want their in.
structions direct and will remain at
work until they get them.
The dance held for the benefit of the
Baseball Club was a pronounced success, the .club cleaned up about ?45.
clear of expenses. This will at least
buy a ball or two during the coming
The question is being asked by some
of the workers in both Fernie and Ml.
chel, "are the men on the government
road scabbing?" The observer has
been informed by iReturned Vets, who
are working on this work, that they
do not intend to do anything one d—n
cent cheaper than any other worker.
The observer who has been around
hore for sometime, has a recollection
of the government road men striking
in the year 1918 for 50c Increase which
they got; this made their wages ?4.00
per day. Since that time the H.C.L.
has gone up at least 15 per cent and
the are now working for $3.50 per
Any. If this is not a fact will someone
please correct Observer.    '*
A Grand Smoker and Concert was
held at the Great Northern Hotel on
Wednesday 'May 28th, under the auspices of the Fernie Veterans Football
■cliTb^Ths-WtnOTld not understand
why the Michel Teami did not receive
them In a more gentlemanly manner.
The Observer was informed by sever,,
al of the Fernie Boys that it was customary to provide some kind of a re.
caption.* but owing to the fact that
this was not done, they decided to hold
a smoker and dance on their own.
which evidently was a success, as the
Vots did not leave Michel until the
wee snia' hours of the morning. The
miners' secretary who was present, explain jd to the Vets that this error
wns due to some misunderstanding on
tho part or tho Michel Committee and
was not intentions!' by any means, In
the future we trust that the home
committee's will prepare for a moro
cordial greeting for the eVts.
The 0. B. U. Confer-
ence At Calvary
Printed By Union Labor
Special to The District Ledger
CALGARY, June 5.—Delegates from
Port Arthur, Fort William, Winnipeg,
Brandon, Regina, Saskatoon, Vancou-
ver, and other points are now,In session for organization of, ONE BIG UN.
ION. President Christophers and Secretary Browpe are representing Dis.
trict 18. Committees are working on
draft of constitution and other details.
Premier '-Borden's repeated an-
nouncemcntj&hat striking Postal Em.
ployees wlll^ict be reinstated has
caused other Unions in Calgary and
Vancouver to enter the strike. A cable
from Liverpool, England, says that
the dock workers will refuse to discharge any Canadian steamer until
the Winnipeg strike is settled.
t* u ; ^dltor: Chancing along the
Ul.«. depot the other dav, 1 saw an
engine and five cars pull in. There
were also all kinds of automobiles
lined up outside. On making enuuir
les as to why all the excitement. 1 was
told it was the President of the 0 P K
railway honoring'Fernie with a visit
Ancl what do you think? He also con I 	
sented to drop off in this neck of the n   i.   «
woods for ten minutes    \w ir ««k      **      D«r*y Day at the Creak
man was to have    whole tra7xi to    ml' ^ S"f&y, wl" *» ,K,rb'v lh,y iU
self, lmwrnany-tralnirSJuW; take  ol      ' t,( fl* f^ U blB f00tbtt,l Kame
carry the pick and shovel me   to Coa   ' • ^J0* tliT™ "'cl°f* b(?tw««" >»■
Fernie Sporting Notes
The ladies-of the  F.A.A.C. are al-,out.
ready for there big dance on the 10th      The last half of the n'rlh v«ilii..,i
m Hawthorne's hall.   This will be one one score for tho Vi A.S    <Ser
of the big events ot the season, as tho  flew out to Spence;  Campbell struck
£??« ,UVt KM i l° a," kiMllB °f tro"*!°ut: 1,alrer tot hte base on ball,: but
oie to make this a Ing success and j Colton went out at lirst
have left nothing undone. A big crowd      The
to expected and a good time' is antic!.)
The .convention of the 0.-B.U. in Cal.
gary which opened yesterday will be
of much more than a little public interest. The blame of the whole Win.
nipeg and the following sympathetic
stirkes is laid by some to the demahda
of the O.O.U. for collective bargaining
and a pronouncement of the policy of
the organization which will be effected
at the Calgary convention will therefore be awaited on this point.
The iocal situation ls largely over,
shadowed by the great general strike.
-o —
The District Board met at Calgary
on Tuesday. Among other resolutions
passed1 was one pledging unwavering
support to the Firebossess who have
gone out on strike. The resolution de.
clares that the i firebosses will be
backed Tb the limit and that no work
ers In District 18 will return to work
until the firebosses are re-instated.
BRULE. —"Things      are      Inn'-Htur
UMMMiuia that waa father twmf^tv MM* touulu trauijail and today di
Wo and yat myatcrlou*. On thn side-
walks wern moro smatl Oaks In lap*!*
than wera apparent riaiurday, and
from one man waa hoard tha arl.n re.
mark: "Tliey,way t«*r 'ho Haa off
lha wrm-.* man mayo.'.   1 hive n«t
plays a telegram thoy had Ju*t ro.
oolvod from Calgary, which they said
had boen aont to Worden   It reads:
"Hon. Itobert llordon, Ottawa, Ont.:
..stP: wish to bring to yonr no-
tlco  that  at  th«  peace conference
. r- rn* betore, hat pow ti the '<m«Hm,Ic1i you attended It was decided
to show tho 'olors undo? whtta yon t,re t tm ,abor mi|l)t bl) ro(.oRnj)sMl also col.
t-avalllr,- loctlvo twrgalntn*.   Inaitmtch ns this
Alt tnprniad flaaftct {,., » fttC», why la It that common labor
At lli* m#eiliw with tlio premier. In i {% fMe(tA tn itrlke ,0 ftt»taln what wa
whteh "«*ora» ^pwihoM oxpresw*'! r,'*M j u,!<|mta.nd is internationally rcrog'
peel th*r* war* aim* e*itn of "No. ao," j nUM
whoa tha ap#ak«r« »aW lbcv gave Ihe; (Wrn<Nl, central Strlko Cotnmltieo.
premier credit for slarerllf.   At in«. Ubor Hall, Calgary.'
itoor had wm pJawl two m*n wim     ^ i^,,,,, *jf„Wi „foa My% of a
»„(>,* ftimmtttrtt exaeotte* bid*** ^,1 ^ metXim ^M l»«  m*'
end th»»y w#r» arf««i to tha trowil! i» ..TfcrIi,tnRi pattatlnip:. wonderful, was
•fjniy r*t«rt>M mrn ^''^.^ ,»,o mtuHing of the lnbor churrh In
Show ywrbn«m*l ttojh*J^*A\iettxtln I^ark on 8aa*«ay nltht Th«
Mon gslnaJ *r« that ^J^J manatrlal l»ir«.«u Innl bt-ntt rofusmI.
went InsMc. Hnattf PnMntar Snr*tn ^ ^ „norwwM, Mmir«Kai:un at T.min
snid ho lm«1 toM tho mm all he/**«»« i .„ ,um (hll( mw,(\ |„i0 th« pnrfc
mitk*tti^«MMMl^M'<n;j^mA'ror »h^„ hour* and ll»t«w«
•vmiMthf with lahor.* reptrnteo ***" ^,ir***"x*n*b*-d wiih information and
Tsho Comfort in This
Th* t*tw»r iwfaa tnobet prominent
ih*'   following   st^tfrnoat   rrom   th<*
flfHln ftrowrn* <1«t«ff», which »» at
r.Tt"ti*i*   n-f-iHrmi!   »!f>n«|i-1-?l   Of   10* *
tm*. t
,',*''Ii«»** iImmiI tho pa«ta1 (*mployf""»*
•Thaia a l*ti*ral mat-
Hew  ahtrni   tbo  irlr-
"°Tb«io Is no anima- j^ |||(l| fg rmi(mA   lB coonfin liter*
wtr. ^ttntm.      "7' -•" -".v; _,, yetrn will nre in* wrai
rfrl«. tmtwmtMon,   I haw atauNl my. tmMfM^[ |»r taa mm.
e***   T Mra MW w**t w* at* ttdno toi^^'V .v.wv   tt t» rm
»»h*d non.
m. f*of«a:
Mr. ?fnmft>:
mm l« that waaarttoii." «^ ^t mm ftf ,h8( iirriM«» poverty
Owttloa:    "How ahaat  the ^^ s tlll| CB|y th« n^irwin* of ruling pla-
if ,     .u  ',toetn*r, hnt at iho iwt-Mit r»l<* V*
Ide. Xoftta:   "tkfr •» ""ffl l?f vwrs will nr* th» wfatth of <*ana«la
and iho most
'"''UUflvr with fm
**" - -«^kta-- .^i "it-iM !n»««»Hl««« »w*4. and thon only ooni
(OMnnl* nt "MothMW!.    a«l    KOt-WH :.,.,„„ „,,,, „•»„,-,»„. hnnttXt,*. mt-tr-r*' fnr?
tbmttb."l i I no* nottror r\aa**n.  ThM vlll ♦* a r*r- ]
nnOmommomm Jnt*lttm «h*t will ahalia l'a»o*a ta Its'
it tli* CWt dom M wemtm awn: ^^    fj^rM#,^w _nr»tn    *tf»wi»f»*
the r.y.H. aho»a la fJlJ^^Jir"'^ «««t* W. T»»»."
Mtttratmaa wtra ™to*t**jo tte i»;   ^^ wmm ,h„ „„,,», .trikars
UM «i*ik« wbno lb •4>Mk«rrtrM.'|rl|Vfi ^^ mmim m% iMr mhm«
IH« boor tbn mm onto to WW «w w#fr    Thi* woreliw al tm hnnrb
Mfw lhat* nbt fl^^^^J^ * ?««t »»• * *•« ^W* W"** mm*
he* mam*. Ttom •^J» ■SJJ7 lm mm tmtn KM tortoot bntnm lha
lm htmr aiH thay drew tml ttiair
___ — »_•        ,%.9  u^u  bi* ■ ■apsBms ■> rapswy sp ussy enttwt w
ittMf nVotobtbot
thilmnn. h«» »M»y <«^»*»*t,«|»' I^mi
*t*m* mttemtOttt  w OM ttwnn •».._,
Eating Houses Closed
WIXNIPWG, Juno 4,—Tho strike
committee has issued an order calling
from work all employees In tho few
restaurants operating during tho past
week. All were closed at 11 o'clock
today. Orders havo also been glvon
calling out air milk nnd bread wagons
drivers, beginning tomorrow.
.Motion picture theatres, operators
and stago hands go off duty hIko to.
morrow. The Labor X'ows l« gloofnl
in today's issue over the backdown of
tho pollco commission on Tuesday,
The city Is again undor strlko committee rule directed from tho Labor Tem.
p!o. Np dolly papers aro alllowed t'o
be sold on the strets.
Drivers Quit Work
WIKN'IPKG, Juno 4.-~Juin«8 A. Dun-
can, .secretary of the Trade* nnd Ln.
bor Council, Seattle, arrived In Winn!.
pi»K this morulitg and will addrexit the
strikers at Victoria Park this ,tf«t»r.
noon. Tho unions ol t«iiKin«j**i'H, bakeries nnd creameries were wti«"l out
this morning hy the contra! strike
committee. First reports said most of
tho m*n obeyed tho order. Soma mm
driving milk wagons and bread wagons
havo also quit work.
VA.WOUVBM, Juno 4.—Unli*" the
socond day of tho Vancouver strlko in.
vnlves the straot railway m«n and
electrical workers as a wholi» In tho
walkout, tho comfort of iho rm*.»ni
will not !m» iwriointly dli'i»rb#»t hy 'he
lnd«««trls! tl^up With tb* wwmn.
tion of general business this morning,
aftpr yesterday's holiday, the affort of
iho strike is hardly nwnwubif.
Store* aro open, lolrphonrs tnd td<\
rraphs are undisturbed, po«»»! dellv-
frte* normal, gas, electrii Hah: and
|M»w#r ami city water are at full pro*
sure, and the atrw-*t car servW Is un
to stamlaril.. Of t.h«» itiilim operti*t'n«
ihcufl ntllites only "ha nlteel railway
t*   *     *       *t**l*      ...t       ,,.,,....*! .,■, .*-*     .
f.-fin i»An»ti1'>i'tm» s -»IHV*»
N^wiososrs ttll! Publish
The nowspap«r» ire pnbM«hlna t*>
AtMl, but *w wmlt nt H'-t e'ltb;'*
meetlnir of tho Typotfaphtcsl i'nlon
wnn dl«flosi»d tbls num'n < wh«<n an
,,,       .*,  If  9„.t     »,*,     -,'1        ,f..t-(*.
poper publishani, which In affect as.
tabiithes a et«aar«hl|i by tho strike
fommlttas af all nom ramotaly eon-
Mett4 with tha Iwluatrla! upheaval.
Bach member of the Tyjwrranhfcwl
Tnton slalms the right to rcfn«e to
set np aay a»w» Item or edltortal
mOO'h M'tu* lo f»-tt«7i".  i.tt thi-   •.V.ii'.Vif
nn4 meibnda of efianiaod tabor, mm*
m.*i ami ciHnrfa! '••'•nrn.'"' »■'»» *»
mbmlttttti to the formnin fn i-h»r**>.
who twaama tha rtttht to rejeet It for
|i*nMI***tio«. Tlw .dHilTmftn of Va«*ro«.
T*r Itteat tion* wit! bo tb* rexxtt nt ln*t
appeal fa aaeiaifif whaiher iwrh fast-
tet wffl be f«WI***l f» Vnorovtto.
tnr ni»ir*p!»jwf fnnl**tmit lb* d**t*1m
will pnawpUy bt UR without a itaff of
e«mpoanora to wt «|» ffa ««iw|iafwr.
OM Bm* myn mU too ttm ttot o
-better 'ot* tbt* Om GnaT to to It
brighter every day." We hav» just
finished delivering a two thousand dol.
lar supply of groceries «e bought in
Kdmonton and all the single boys have
gone to Ox* bush. We are comfortably,
settled down for the summer. -Give
our regards to the ooys aii over IHa.
trict 18 and tell them to atl?k it out.
DRUMHELLER.—This section has
just had a vtgJLfrom Secretary Ted
Browne. He heard that we were
bothered with scabs ih the Drumheller valley but found everything closed
up tight. This valley has no room for
scabs. We want to keep the air pure
and healthful and free from such ver.
BLAIRMORE.—All Is well. Borne
so.called "business mon" havo bean
"shooting their mouths" quite freely
and will receive our consideration iu
duo time. In the meantime all our
men realize that wo nre out. In a good
cause but cannot understand why certain of tho companies wore willing to
allow a strlko which Is bound to catiKo
Creok? Another thing, Jlr. Kdltor.
what was the total cost of running
this specinl across the continent ami
who paid for it? And yet these Coal
Companies and other corporations will
see all their property go to Ir—l, be
fore they will spend a few more cents
on their employees. Well, wait a little
longer, yea, a short time longer.
Seml.Annual Holidays
The miners are still on strike. No,
by gosh, excuse me, Parker Williams
of compensation fame, says it is our
"semi annual holdldays." It does not
matter anyway; we are still enjoying
it, and I don't think we will die any
sooner for it. The secretary is still
on one leg but he says, he doesn't caro
If the one leg will carry him. until after the convention of the O.B U„> We
expect something big from that.
Another Undertaker
..(Mr. Editor:-HHave you heard the ru
mor that there is another Undertaker
looking at Fernie with avaricious
eyes? 1 cannot think what he looks
her© for, I don't know if he thinks
there is another explosion, epidemic,
bumps, blow.outs, or wnat he is' figuring on; but he says there is lots of
rooms for two undertakers here. Well,
I don't. According to the size of the
town and the size pf the cemetery.
Some of the boys say: "Maybe there
Is."   Well, we shall se.j, KISMET.
chel  and  Coal   Creok,  as  these   two
teams are on the top of the ladrf-yr for
the Fernie City Icaguo championship.
No doubt there will be a big crowd go
ing lo Coal Creek,
linker had a little hard luck in the
garden on Tuesday night and let two
{high   flys   drop   through   his   hands.
I Cheer up, Baker, better luck next time.
Resolution Re Loygers
WHEREAS,'In the past when the
miners have come out on strike, ctr.
tain members have gone into the logging camps, and worked for a wage
less than loggers,
AND WHEREAS. At that time cer.
tain loggers were out of work,
AND WHEREAS, The B.C. Loggers
have formed a union of their own, ih
connection with the O.B.U.,
That any person seeking work In the
logging camps must first interview
the Sllners' Secretary, who will then
Introduce them to the Loggers' Camp
If any member of tho above union 18
found violating theoe Instructions his
name shall be sent to the central commltteo of (ho O.B,!?, as a scab and he
shol! bo expelled from Gladstone Im.
cal Union:
Conroy  Colton  went  into  tho  pit.   Mclntyre
Cher's   box   in   Tuesday's   game and I Carmichael
pitched good .ball for the first time he   Dahl
ever twirled
Kid Dragon was off color on Tuesday night and had a few errors chalked
against him. Cheer up, we all have
our off days, maybe Dragon was out
thc night B4.
•Manager Pep (old dear) will have to
get those high ones as all the pitchers
know that Pep bites best at a "high
Monday Evening's Baseball Game
The F.A.A.C.'s played against the
Hula Hula's in a very evenly balanced
game (Monday night.
The line up was as follows:
Hula Hula's
A. Dunlop
M. Hovan
W. Biggs
F. Dunlop
3rd b
2nd b
s s
c f
It. Colton
Quillman rf iBakar
Spence 1st b Glover
Tho Hula Hulas went to bat and In
the first inning Costa went out at lirst,
Ricketts struck out; A Dunlop got to
first op a good hit; and Hovon struck
out. .<■''.'
The F.A.A.C.'s made two tallies, It.
Colton made good and Wilson followed
lilm with a score. Dragon wont out at
2nd, while C. Colton went to first. An.
derson was thrown out at first on n
good throw from Dragon.
The Hula Hula'a failed to score In
lirst of the second. Biggs was caught
stealing from first to second; Dunlop
was thrown out nt first; McLaren wnn'
id von first on brills but was caught oft
llrHl: Ouillman died at, bat,
score by innings:---
1 2 3 i :, i; 7 s ii
'. F.A.A.C.-'s. 1 I) 1   I  n L'  I  .1 (i--7
Hula  Hula's I) (I D | ii » ii 2 n—-s
..,—_ i_o-—,  _ —
Old Timers vs. F.A.A.C.'s
(Crowded out last week)
The ball game Monday evening, be.
tween the Old Timers and the F.A.
A.C.'s  drew   another good  crowd   of
spectators   who  were   well   rewarded
for   their   trouble   in   going   to   the
The line up was as follows:
lst b Colyton.-O
3rd b Dudley
c Colton, R.
2nd b Dragon
s s Wilson
p     . Quillman
1 f Glover
c f Campbell
rf Anderson
Score by Innings: —
1 2 U 4 5 6
Old Timers- ,.1.001091—2
F.A.A.C.'s    ..........1 0 1 0 0 5 — 9
The F.A.A.C.'s went to bat first, with
Mclntyre and Gates in the box.
Owing to some new players, the Old
Timers did not show such good team
work as usual and the result shows In
the score.
The Colts did their usual lively field,
ing and running which helped their
side of the score.
The game started at .7 p.m. and had
to be called at the end of the elxth
on account of darkness.
Dragon, in the first, went out at second after making a good bar.e hit.
Wilson sent a fly Into Dahl's mit. C.
Colton was thrown out at first.
The Old Timers went out in ono, two
three order.
Spence struck out, Winter got as far
as second, when Gates struck out and
Oliver was caught at first.
2nd Innings:—
Quillman struck out, Campbell went
out at first, Dudley struck out, Glover
got to first on a fly to center, Baker
got to first but Winter went out at
Mcl^aren was shut out at lirst, when
the Old Timers wen*, to bat, Mclntyre
got as far as third; Carmiihaol struck
out and Dahl died at fir-st.
Third innings:—
Dragon went as far as third: Wilson
followed; It. Colton wont out on a fly
to third baseman, and Quillman went
out on a high foul to Gates,
Leland, of tho Old Timers struck
out: Spence got to first by being hit
them'a big loss, all for tho sntlKiac. JThnt this resolution be sent to the
tion they can get out of tho Depart, j District Ledger and posted up In con
mont of Labor refusing an Inveatiga
tion. Thero is n nigger In tho wood.
pile Bomewhere.
LETHBRIDGE. — Unfortunately wo
have a fow scabs in this camp but wo
are going to win out. The operators
here aro whining over the fart that
thero Is going to be a lot of coal
brought In rrom tho United Stntos.
which they tell ns is being mined by
"union miners." Such a union.
COAL CREEK.—Yuh, wo have some
ficabs here. Thoy say thoy nre not
scabs but that It Is part of a pit bosses
sacred duty to the govornment to pre.
serve proporty and Incidentally their
jobs. Harry Miard, who wns on strike
when he was flrebons In WW Is hor
splcudus places whero all may read
with u beautiful pendant for his es
toomod wlfo.**   Tho presentation was
made by Dr. Workman and Joe made a
flno response   Tho TW company ]»ro.
-«» ...•..»<..—  -     vll,t ll lfl" «'ho«'HM und crnck-fr* and a
rlffod to" think "hTflrebossea of"todnv i"l>r,«« of two !>*r cent was opened for
would strike.   Tho "English tlontle.\"% "',;iV,1,J*'' .
1    Tho big feature of *h«» evening win
An event which caused more oxolto
ment in Con! Creok than tho strike xvm
tho great smoker and presentation lo
Joo lloardmnn on tho evening of June
!». Ferule's now chief of police Wuh
presented with a gold watch and nlso]rounds bnt Costa struck out leaving
The F.A.A.C.'s had no better luck in Ion the head by n swift one from Quill.
thr-last half of this Inning. |man:   Winter was out at first;  nnd
Campbell went out at first on a throw, Gates wns thrown out at first by a
from Quillman:  Bnknr got first on a (good throw from third base.
Iiiih- stopper:   Soflol vi-'tf* put  on a'i    1" thu first or tho fourth, Campbell
protl v  (lv  to  Costa;   and   It. Colton!struck    out; Glover could not make
slriiclt out, • i lirst on a short grounder, and Baker
Third Inning:— i struck out. , §
Though Quillman "innde » two.bagger \ Oliver, of tho Old Ooys, got to first
nnd Rponoo wont to first on n good fly; nn a pnniwl hall, but was run (town
to. right,* the other hnfters wont out i by Qulllamn in trying to roach second:
Icnvlni' tho bases full. ! McLaren wns out at first and Mclntyre
in Ihi' last of tin. third. Wilmm was i struck out.
put nut ut first  by  Sponci-:   Drawn;    Dragon. In Iho flf»h. got to «rst ""
got ns far as nocond; and <\ Colton  bui"* !mi< wa« put nut at second: \\o!_
gfr„<-.t( out !Hon got first on a good fly; Conton
In tho first hnlf of th.' fourth W.rk i wont to first on n flno fly to Dahl who
ottn tsnifk out: A. Dunlop, Hovan and ,muffed it: Quillman jjot his basi- on
mugs ronohod 'ho homo pinto: whilo,balls: Dudley wont out at lirst and
Quillman ainl Hp< non sUrled on iho Jcmnplmll wn t out nt. tlr: t
Cnrtnlohtiol smirk out; Dahl wont to
man" absolutely refuses to asBoolato
w|«h anyone who would cdl him n
urnb. Ilarnov on mo to tho smoker
and it In »ahl he thinks ho Is too
rmnoth for a coal mining job and may
enter poliHos. All of tho scabs woar
rt huntod look and know that tho stlg.
ma will stick for lifo,
CORSIN.—For some roason th»
mnnagemunt Is wearing a smile that
won't como off, Thov nny thoy nro not
worrying. A copv of Tho hednefn **■
im about tho now <nmp st Kpsrwood
rmrhod Ittv'ii and i*"' only com wit
it ralsod was:
Iho boxing competition botwoert Kid
Barker, champion light weight of
Crnws'  Xest Pass nnd Polo Dawson,
1st ronnd- llarhor Imi with loft u,
Dawson's Jnw, linwsnn roachod floor
2nd round -Both plnyod for an nf>*-r,
Ine.   Honors ovon,
3rd round—Dnw*on enmo up fr««h
ronohod Bnrkor's nasal organ nnd dr»w
firut blood. Dfiwmin mim* bncfc <.,nd
fouled,   Hound was Barker**
Ith round   flurko» shnwod lmv,*u-..,i;nirm*. out. I'mopl-wll »i.«
ntonm snd tlndlno ftttwwn'-* w*
thom on tho bags first and was followed by Ulaml, who
Andorsnn struck out: Glover mado j died nt first.   Spence struck out.
tlrlst: Cnmpboll struck out: and Hiker*    In th »l*th, Olovt-r got his banc on
was thrown out ot Iini balls: Anderson struck a good R™""<>-
Hlckottfi struck om in 'h" first nl ,r to centor. Wilson *'«'* »«»f>,llj!™|
tbo fifth: A. Dunlop got uh far us sec ivilton son! up a go*"! ")' *'hUni "*"'
wns thrown nut at tirnt. oniit**H; i olnai <.u»l« h«.i.t. .ft.*** '"''"•*•
In fho list of tb" ftffh. Sofkol vnii()ulllmnt fouled out to (.alo-*. "!n">
ttrO n* ibi* bnt find mldi-.l st ♦•>»'>v »«»! »<•«> t'ir*i on littll«- and Campbell i'«hiok
Iho -core: ft. Colton struck out; Wil    mit.
son nnd DriiRon got nwny in a m»d y The last tlm" <«\',;,V. .'*?,.«.
«t»rt but C. Colton and Andonan ISM on a pan*'d bull* f.atos «rn «■•'.
strnou out .md nn Oliver1* enrtltite hll • M« 5a,rn
In Hit' nrst of tho .'Mb, IV nnnlm.; was put out *>t firtst on hii »b »n nit
struck out; A Dunlop (running for Mr   tn Qulllnuwt who threw mm o»\. m<»
l^irorii was lillled ni third; Qulllnian '*, Iptyro ctrack out.
made » unod hll but died when Kpenoo      Tn iwcnly-two »tmo ii  th« t»i   m*
mroiko.it til.l Ttieer* uot «re.l» fur two rtttis.
In (ho liti*t half of ihi« Innini! lilmer  n*,,* ha*...* hit*. i>»* *3cr(fl«" hi* ami twt»
llr*»t  un   j,ioli.tt !>;»*«.«
*-i*t 'a v.Vitl i*\',-ib "i-h'th h\* lb** 1,--ii<f<.
™i«i« -.tt**     \Vn\1   thov won't  boj ",","l",n* 1rnm *ttt*t* of Mnn g<**i of.! mndo the round* of tbo tins*
nhlo to mino eon! with a *foam shovel \t**Ur*.y pnnlshorf blm with- left y,hn \    Itnbor nirnrh t»«if Hnfkol «tid It t'td
at Sparwow! as we do In Certain.        |,.,,h nSuu;   !>«*•*«»•« i«*».«. i i»p, ilon soorH;   wn»«« n*o «• ««f m> * .
1 [Idlv snd with «,.iv.r.l Mn'! «!r-  |,b*i}„r,A l,u: Draitt.n «mi out ..Mir '■
n  ~ " ,put Hsrk^r l«i the lloor »nd DfoiniiiKlv t    In iho tlr»i »»f «hf «ov««nih »'  i'««lti»n
RESERVE MINI AT is sloop, ;WPI„ ^n iho piKhor's l»<t ttt r<liev,.
NANAIMO CLOSES      »:!|» round    Dn^xnn »*t;ir!ei| In 'vith.Koik.il*   Ci»*u Mi.re.i, in* ti»-n,< **.ir*a.;•.
——- rapid rUbl* »nd lofts.    ♦*«»,k«i,f num  'out;   A.   Dunlo p >rer>i|    Hovrtn  nml
\\\.vivt«> \»»v :n ■ -Hy tha oUwing ,"r'"' u'''fl h,,< fn,»'»"" ""•» ''"""i"* ! i'^^^ r,.tion-.-.i■ nnd r   imoiop ».,..(
.l„inSnt ihihetrvo^ m£ of iho S|riT Wf ^<>,,tt: ?^h,^« *™«i«mt »t first.
iv .*,<»•* *.- ,i-i\fu. »' ib" bt*   th" ft
M'.'t* »<»r« rrodltod with  ' runs. Un*
hnve hit* snd wore charred with throo
TlV.-   Al'". ■'   Lt,-'   -•>-' ■    "'*   i"""  h",,>l
I .(•!» oi t"«-niie fnr »So|-i»'ittt ot tht; Pro..
|«iitn mm tn tJt*>. bsM» of Kid nttt'-f* '■■   x*  o.ii.,, ....   i,.ii ,'ti* •>« *'■*• *-  1*.
Alter Dawson* re«ivorv tho tlrh'< r<  ii,.r'.i,ti nf,*rt*d: tstover »•»* out om mt
tinker   went   out   nl ' ,,(tl „,,,
, MtlMli ntwtt-JH tun * utHtmlt) .n-iiii'l
,\, ""; ;. 'i . • * r •' '-■* ' '.H l.' , •.
plovwont |f t> nniloitsfod thnt ttti
wards   of   IM   of  tho   mon   will  boj"*** l,f','^li ,T.hr! «'h»im.lo» m**. «, n  tmt  aloaa  ihtr.1  h***
„   „ . , .,  ,, I *Ot*t**n    I*    *WI»»il*B    * ■>    tf'Jt    i*   ••irrf.-vnii    ',,,.,,   *      fn I*,';'   *.* ,*»*•   •
,m»jj •« «thv.r uim*.. o» ibo „mHU, ,vm mhin hP hsrt h%A ,n (hw rM !„;;,;,;, M '-
i    Nntlrr*. postod on tho pit b*-id ^tnte,! J^»"^\;f^J^ '7:^^^ <'^^;;(^:t    ^ ^ (
^"'*iu^rlt'»ooli!fortho f!rh»!nK trsmo rtnd wotiiif'..;»ri»-k  oui;   f}uHlm.nii  ^vi^.   -i.
'pwhsWv* soon r»>ilr«   Dawfon «-»» 01*0 ' «.<<r!iip«r whfrh  Wilmw !.>iin«to.| t:
io bo tho causo of thfc *u»pon*lon of'?' !J* w^Kfn,*» *l»rklmt <W*mt"', ****** 'be**-  tx*-r mntt*d •* ft
__._.■»_. no hsd ovor mot. fmm Kpenot « t»«t i.m iho riHttn
*S*nnorlr.tondo«i Dsmov Cs'tfl*4!*! *nr- '■ fawn irvlnn '*» f'wli ««"-e«oit
Kt-nted    that    a    <*hampfoni»hl^    b<t*      Stotkot uut hi* lm** and Wilson fol.
•hoild lm *ooiifod for Bsrkor whoih. h* Inwod with » font to MrI„iron: l»r*i:-w
''-■'.*"   I   - .'.    '...'  ;t"',v.± :■..., -,'.,\ ! ..'.   ..im. „ i.in    .nei <    i mt.,i, ,:••. '.1     <  *
Md (bo **W»t!r in hold tttt* t*bnmf**nn   ball*.    Andornon  finlsthod  lh«» tnn'tia
■■htrt nt tht* ***,"■■ I-: ..iirir ■>   I-i - i,      i ,.      .,.      ,   .,*..   ,
Tn 'ho fjrbt i^rV'-r nt.r.'tlno-l tot,,
1 I      r
I H'.l-l!t*!ni*l
i-.-.r »h» "-.it'-'ilter" »ltn too*r
of   tils   Ho'tlH'frt   HrlW*f»r"«
.... ?*.*    * ,.      .*      'I.
*.<t. iitfttr* ,i" h>< <•!•! hsttftl.
*.»,*v       N.,*,!.*.        *-',,.        >' *■;-*■■   1 -f*      ...
Th*  *#«po(rt# of op«ratln<.
with a slump In tho eoal markoi is said
io bo tho
Prtt**tsti»n to jOiorfo  Walaby—
T.s«i Mondno nltht, nnon ih* *v* of
iho do-partura from Fornlo of Uoorr*
Welnttf. I***' f*bl#t of Ctlv Pollco, Ms?
or I pbtlt. e* nvenkut ior thn mirnv
frlonds of th» ot.ch«#f prwontad litm
with 11 hfmtftono o*dt ws«*rb. iooom*
ponvina th* samo with a told watch
r«r tha Uut* son of Mr. WoUbv. who
toios wilh his f*<hor to bl« now hnro
>-. !tv
V-,| ,r f    1:    M„*
*.\   OHi   the
'   ;tt
%  fi ti'd  I-"' *•
!- bi-on ft* *">-
o   !*, en   a   pe;
•If: ii* t'Vrotc
t>':»in-4      tl  »irtlt«i
! i' 'h'- <t.»i<>f had
>'*'■• ifimml'Msonpr
ii* ",hiim »h«- hoti*!
•♦,*» tt.9**r****. t-1 tiit l*ft arm nnd b"**
K»m   !«,«.!   tp,-*   •>»•#»   mlfiri.   fi»4   H  *n"t
tnt*»»»d nf  it***, ritih    VOe*firif  in*<*i
WOfttf* art* ttttt-ntt n4mt**1t**ri9l     ,,H 4U.
»*tir% fwni I'wtrsT rl-»rti, th* f»»ii**n*
In N'avarh. XJ.   Mr Walsby tert by,,!^,^,,!,, r,r ffr# w»t»f „,»*, re.r „
Xhm \'.. Is, Utain, t'*tHMMl»» wm*i»ii>*
lloniro ttowon at lha Oraad, Wod.
rnntey aa* Tbirwtay atwttat "Whaa
mo look fato tho heart of a toon. Tha
faatart usag la "Tha Battar tm."
mstrti wrtfi mttfifr nt an -parly tint**.
MiHlj iriM-,"!;*
t'n*ia went ont on it ttnn fir in !«r:t.*
*t ],<r: '.'-'11 i».'** -nt-tii t'tii u* '.Uljircf. v tr,
t'omeil lo bo at the r*uH' pUrr a' the
riobt tleld m tbo rirbf l»m<*    t*r»'-"n
sirvfb mi  frdfiti toi -t, try. <■><) '.v™.
*nit   X<t*t1t*l9mti**   t*,f*<1  ***   **9,t
Co*!,i *on! ent i>n a fi;  t«> Dr.^t.i..
i" --Ti b'nl o\or *- »-"l,Wdi-ii*ri.
A man  r-nvonity »rriv»**il  fnttn ib«
tt****t  imti-'tn.** n*  »*»*»»   lh<- rooont  af.
<*,i .   i.i, 1 < f'-f o' 1! *l"- > -i.l* i--'*r '" If
t*oro  n   nt'tte*!   Imtilo   t'tnn d'.fi*r*nt
tutto Tbomp*<ur* r> - ■ ui iterUlon in
• lii* \*-»>»»nn ra** ln VrsoHtook ttbero
hi* li-r.l'-Wp tvifd tlM. the i»«li> <■■{ me
t,,1,1,* rfi,| Tint ftmiil'iltllt' .1   UftHtl«f» Of
ttto roi   !' U no! )*t certain tha .Twlto
1>omnn/in sill ■*>« nn Hi,- Vert)!* <■»*•«..
yr,.   r,.»ri,.   m,*n   Hv  ■    ♦.-.»,,.,. f   t^fff
,ib*iv tn.HI «'«rr> lb* ***.- u* iho fttty
I'WIolrotfit wot to first m n *h«** threw Itfrtnaolt If neeennnry boforo thoy will
•from Mofkol  in ftr«»»;   Ihinlip  ,'»'   telgntojall
into look whos at th* t.raal aott t#<mB4 m „ ^,4 thr*w: tt***n *■»*
•Krdnrndny OM HIII. Bert sod Alf- jpot mit st mt. I»tn wtn. to «rs« or
tha thr«Nin«sktt«atra. • aiaff hy wiltoa    McUr*a *trark
Tots rtnl ntlort to mbm nentm "TV*
flattar 'CHa" at tba (imM. ^
THE  D^'fclCT bEDQgF{, FEENIE, B- C, JUNE 6, 1919
The workings of a Big Corporation are clothed in mystery. It will be well for
the citizens of Fernie if they do stone thinking for themselves. They should think
and their thoughts should be productive of action.
Preceding Pall
For A General
Strike in Dist. 18
How Western Coal Operators* Association Proved Soft
As Putty In the Hands of Their Master
This is to be an article1 -winch wo. commend to. the interest atul
attention of EVERY BUSINESS MAN aud' also to EVERY PROPERTY OWNER in Fernie.
We are also sending marked copies of this issue of The District
Ledger to every coal mine operating concern in British Columbia
and Alberta.
We believe that, instantaneous action on the part of the other
operators,0apart from tlie Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, will be
the means of quickly ending tlie general strike in District" 18. And
we further believe that the citizens of Pernie when they read what
we have to say and think it over will rise en masse and in a forceful
^» AT.-l
'intnr.f.-im-p   T\nnirim*i*-i t iht^.
-I ,.,, l—i ii-i -t-t-j—rr-s-v   i*,.9. I   , i *• ,i~,—ii ,
uuin, >n-o.iu umii iiNV j-iOilUxroTTTSt
was indomitable and em^^yers soon found in him those qualities
which are necessary in iv 5Wi*ii3§et'. He developed a hand of stefel
within a glove of velvet u1/'> \vhei>e other managers had failed to keep
tlie workers disciplined 1^ liavsliej* means 3lt\ Wilson succeeded by
diplomacy.   He has often ffld tlbu his fll'st strike occurred in Fernie.
His biographers can J\ tell of his expediences iti Pennsylvania
and the laurels that he Av-^'thei-YJU the mining industry. They can
writ-; pages of lm carci;,)' lu So^th Africa during .the progress <>!'
the South African war. jf Is a H0teworthy fact that after the Boers
had accepted "the terms 0/ ^eaec <jft'cved by the British Government
at the conference at 'Vee^higio^ those terms were later signed on
May 31,1902, in Mr. Wilj/Vg ofilcfi.in Pretoria.
The present term of ^Jr. AVjlsou'g.management of the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company .•*<* \imc\ is not his lU-st. He was here for a
time a good many years /%>.   If our information is porrcet he was
sonal attention to prospecting and at last became satisfied that at
Sparwood was the ideal location for securing cheap coal. Tests
proved tliat there would be a harder roof than at Coal Creek and
that at least one half of the expensive work of timbering eould be
eliminated. That there was abundance of coal was certain. "Look,"
said Mr. Wilson to a friend of his as they were passing through Spar-
wood on the train, "there lie forty seams of coal uncovered, a beautiful place, and how easy it would be to place a tipple right over
there and what an admirable site for a town." Not days, but weeks,
and months Mr. Wilson spent in satisfying himself regarding Spar-
wood and wc only wish we could have the liberty to publish the
glowing report he made to his directors regarding the prospect. That
report of Mr. Wilson's preceded his being elected second vice-president of the company and being made one of the -directors. That report
was not pigeon-holed; it was considered most seriously and had it
not been for tlie government insisting* on increased production to the
To The District Ledger:
Aiming, as I do, at all times to
keep the members of ihe district in
close touch with what is at aU times
transpiring throughout the district
the following may be of some interest
to them. *,• '
On my arrival in Calgary from the
Crow on the 27th inst, I received the
following communicatioin:
May 14th 1919
P.  M.  Christophers,
Pres. District 18 U. M. W. of A.
Dear Sir:-.
With further reference to commun.
ication of the 7th inst, your letter in.
dicates belief that the Director of
Coal Operations is not bolng permit,
ted to conduct a desirable investigation. The attitude of the Department
of Labor is that it expects compliance
with orders issued by tho Director,
but in no way objects to further investigation or amendments of orders
which the Director believes justifiable.
Order One Twenty-four was issued
with the knowledge and consent of
both parties interested, henee should
be respected, by both.
Yours faithfully,
manager at the time of tl^ great explosion in the early years of this \it\x\i during the war the development of Sparwood would now likely
century when it became jAessaiy to dig the graves for over a hundred .miners-who had Pished vising their hit toward m-akins* the
Something will have to be done and done quickly or Fernie will
pass into the list of those beshuttered mining towns wherein have ...
died the hopes and been lost the sayings of many a small business! Crow's Nest field noted a A profit*1 Wo,
man and honest toiler when insatiable capital deemed them no longer profitable.
At the outset  let us consider the present strike in District 18.
One half of. a cent per ton on tne coal produced would fully pay
the wage reduction that has come upon tbe few men at Ooal Greek
because of Order 124. An investigation into the conditions of the
men effected was asked for and refused and consequently the strike
was called. At other collieries proportionately small amounts would
have made up the difference. Why then should the entire District
be on strike over so small a mattcf and why should a number of collieries be allowed to speed fast to their complete destruction with a
loss of hundreds of thousands, if not millions of dollars?
Jn this issue will be found copies of the corrrcspondencc that lias
It was upon assumi^ the %nagement for the second time that
the directors of the Cro\v^ Nest j'ass Coal Company put it up to Mr.
Wilson: "Can you pr^tse cheaper coal?" His'answer was confidently in the affirmative h\& be jjtade good. There are men working
at Coal Creek today (o^ h be w>ro exact, >vere working before the,
strike) who well remenuA' tho opening up of One-South and One-
'East under Mr. Wilson^ lWna&e'ne»t Hnd they also WCU remember
how quickly, easily and Aeaply the coal wa» produced and rolled
away to the market. iy\ as the months and the years passed on
and the distance to the f A beoaJne greater the cost and the danger
increased. A corporation tas h0 worry about danger so long as it
does not interfere with pA\fjts hut when a government, stops in with
.compensation laws, and A^ec* t'10 tise of safety devices, expenses
are added to and if protf^ are \.o be maintained the squeeze on the
Pacini between the District president and the Director of Coal Opera-1 wopkcrs hus to be ,,uule ^Vl) 0ll<J mm'c scm*'
lions,   Tlie average render will nut be able to gain very much cn-j       Hastening nlong to tj^ yem> ^receding the war We find Mr. AVil-
listhtciinient from this com'spondence and will still wonder why a  son worried over the fa/ that tJie cost of production was growing
^renter.   Like all succ^ul malingers his soul called for cheaper
j coal so that he could giv/? fo his directors greater dividends for dis-
.strike, wliifh i-iuinul help but be disastrous, is allowed lo continue,
lt, is not the intention at this time to go into the mutter of the
be under way and the boards would be in course of preparat'or for
the covering up of the windows in Fernie.
Vcy assiduously for several years Mv. Wilson has bee.i spreading the idea-abroad, that "labor trouble" has been making profitable
mining in Fernie impossible. We were told repeatedly that if it were
not for the agitated and agitating eoudilions. of the worker.* in Fer
nie the company would have gone ahead with more extensive development, would have erected a million-dollar bye-products plant
and would have done much toward making Fernie a bigger, busier
city. Lots of the small business men, admirers and friends of Mr.
Wilson have joined in thc chorus of denunciation of the workers who
"have never been satisfied," etc., etc. But in spite of thc "unprofitable" nature of tho operations at Coal Creek we find that the Crow's
Nest. Pass Coal Company even after selling coal to its "daddy," the
0. N. R. at a price only a little more than half that charged to local
.consumers and after having paid Mr. Wilson's and others' salaries
was still able to have net profits for thc year 1918 amounting to $340,-
501. We give herewith a summary of the company's financial report for the yonr 1918:
principle involved on the part of the nicn in striking where so few of
their Miow workers were effected. Under tlieir accepted motto
Unit "an injury !» mm* is tite foiiforn dt all," Ilieiv was im other action to tako under the eireuinstaiicoK.
Very briefly, t'onsidcrititf the magnitude of the mutter, we pro-
jittsii to ixtiinine the underlying causes of the strike nnd to show the
working of a great corporal i<m—an alien corporation by the way. We
'•!•    •-*  *        «   .   ',,''*,(   ..'V    '■•'    ■>    '..■..•<!.■,     ii,,1"t *V   !.;.,   I,**,.•!   ;i.I*.!.).   1     ;l
ii-y whi'h will mean tlw utter ruination of Fernie, the destruction
tribution among tho she^ boUW.   There Was no question of their
being an abundance of <*,/\ at C\>«1 Creek but certain engineers had]
blundered while   timbe^-ty,   h«nlago   and   the  frequent   'Mninips''I Operations Contlnulno on Satisfactory
which wrecked large m\^K comlijited to make the cost of production I B»,l,< but L'bor Out,ook
greater thn ti it should lt(. AV|jorc *j)it« volume <>f coal is sn immense.      j """"
■■Leaving Mr. Wilsoij h the „jdc f"1' the moment it is interest ind  "—
„t..lo refer to another mjU/ wlu> l»fl« been given greater puhl'uHy—    A marked tniprov-pmcm tn th*e nr
,",''! James J. Hill.   It wns i„ IsfW t)^t Mr. Hill bccnint* ?>rcsidenr of 'iho I f«lr» ««»*• Crow'* Smt r°al TO™Pan>'
J of 1 Orent Northern llailway JW*, but it wat, not untU 1904 that tlw | iT"^^!^!?* ^t"^?^^^:
uius uttujt, **» «*«.«, and'Unlte<1 8tatM Ooventm^proceed sigainrt the Nonhcm SecnriUcs|na*ttet t»»
possibly months, of hundreds of wotntn and children and the bank-!0<™Pm «f *Wch Mr. ft\i wW orgwuer. .The Monran.U«riinuir|Mrfk» ^"Si^Sww comnared
rupting of score, of small business men who during the years when' m] ««'* " xy^^X^oa h thow who have vtb^nA utlAxlh ^l^Sbtslj^S S^ISJrS^TTSS
Mownvcr, th« rtwwlng wat still con.
Hltloralily below that mr 19l«, when
the Income amounted to |3lO.SOt in
aildltlan to |"8,sri4 for subsidiaries.
>•..        .1 .    i        t-  i.    ■     .        ,  ■ , ,■ . . The iirolltR from thcttc «nhRldli»rl«ii—
Hum article may prt.vi- tu he enlightening t» ccrtam memlii'r* <*i; „»,.„ without Miperiors u^\ with but few |h.w* in their |>roreiu»<<iii«. I pl'wo,    ftnd    railway    eomi»anle»-
thi   Westerit t'oal tfperatitfH' AsMieiittimi wim nre not nlt*'gftht»r sat- ... ......
mlit^i with tite Ifir-t <i<»r ui t'onl OporntnMiM' <I<iihh*ii«*. Am) we mny
n Nt * ln« able tn Mtitw I'l-rliiin incinbins nf thai iMtitichilioii linn tltcy
nf. but pikers in tlie big i'lime nntl are but vietim** t»f n eoiitlhimii
#t    »*ii,.i,   nm   nn in,   i,i.    m-iiv-s*   . *9**,*9ti,vM v*  » w» «#*»•«,  .t*v uvflituviwii vi : a "        '. i »n  vuitipm *" ii
a itttiuber of coal mines iu Alberta, the going hungry for weeks, and Unlt<!<i 8tatc8 Qovernmivjii* proc^ded against the Northern Securities;nfie;t<(3 the adverse mflww« of «
-    -     - m     r ...?*        i -ftAnnMHtt «» «>i.ui, m.  «in .0*9 Mut, i.. -*    fin... \i......... ii....:.. j Htrlk» lsstlnK Ave months.   The net
• profits amounted to $2J«,9»4, e
.               _. ..._„    .. .    ...—    ._„._     __» i .. i.t*.    it.-.Htr.    I.,    ,1...    n*n<< Inlll
profiteers have been amassing millions have been growing gray rap-!,uul t,u' iHna'm* of t,le ^'Jit *\oth«rit up from Kesford to Fernie
idly with the worries that accompany increasing taxes and increai-i,,,", M,,,,w'1 u il «,«««l»«w"v«'ly wt^m Piece 0f railway constmciiou.
ing debt |?',lft ',r'"«?in8 in °* *h»» Msilwrny followed an liivesUgniioii hy tlie
I groateKt geologisls nnd (^meni* Mr. IIIII'h millions could control,
they iutve yet t'nih'tl Iti eoinprcheitti tiiroii«h n lunn whton they rtnt^-
ni,"-? ns their iit«-ntnl •oitterinr when they <*!< <t "*I hiiti u*. president
There 11 itii iliitihf, whatever, but winit W, If,  WiNon, 1l,>ii<*r.il
It iii told Unit t-veii lh,- hM|««l(ii»'buble Mr. Hill w«« ii<.btiin«h>d ntUmomiUiil to about M.:m in inis. hut
their rtport which rev,„N m wi»|,i„ . «l,„rt distant,, a hi, gr,,,t ^-ZtiVb^^^ hsd
HV^telll  htC ItljINMVe lll«i»l.(» ** i ft H of ct Mil (if c\Ct'U,»ttt  l|llrtlity llllil *Hl II! Mf
tli-> surf.i.••■ m to make \p* ,.o**t (#f production a mere luisratP'Tt*.
of ri.V.K.Snic th*>v ^vsii*M4i
At thin liiiif we dn I'M ii-t'i-,1 to go into jhe origin of thc Crw's
Nest l*it>s foal fotnpni^ hot' t^U tin- story «f how it a'''iulred luiulm
utidei' whieh 1,'iy irri'Mti.-t' hui] irii'h'H tlvaii I'esil, in tli.. conl fluids ttf
MmiNtfi-r nf tho ("n»H\ N". st V,m foal funijiatiy (nl*i direetor and*: o^,, Hrttnin. Krttne*. „<»«1 lb»l\»iiim eomhiiiM.   There Wftti n mono
%i'toii,t viet.|ir»»n.leitt nl I hnl oriruiii/titioiii nlntol* tiwnl nn«l Moiuni (in,nu, „,„„„„ t|,„ ||»,nn..',A nm\ <h<» politicinn** nn.l lh* "%lntomxirn"ii'roM*>i*m*'*>u'
rr* sis a mansj»*»r. n dtplnmnl «nti n liiittiieint wi/anl iitMi\t- nny «.ttief.)lf ,,,,, (,nV  (n ^H(,v ^(s^, *\]iW.ry-ty tht«y wei> protecting »hc people's!* '"'"'*• UJ*1" "'"*'
nun belonginf io lhe Wwtern foal Cf|H>rat«»ns* AKsm*i«ti<iit.   Kvery! j,.*.tl(kfM|4,.^v^ ,,aiw tn ^t* ,k,sI ^rUlix "tU\Wrnm*m \lt't,*rvntitxm'^      v*i fttMo ,.
member of that body will Iwnr m out in m» trtnting.   Mr. Wilson i«|of eoa| ]mh were ma<!t>,  vl! 0 l^f^r dflte tre my print lhe maps and!
a kpU'udidly presterved wan    He U full nf vitality,   IVsptte the faet  ih^ „(<vrv M< ft)W. *V^yvnti«»m'' whieh sre** ear<rnHv '' rc-w-rv-tHl'' I na,anct! ^rutxrd
that for almost tinlf a century he h«n been a manner «t «»n» mmm !l|at |Wy Brtf ulu,H>r%^Wl. hy toWtsoy.   The far geclng men of Ww* *Wfca*"*v "**
In- ,., far from ih- b.rd.r lin<« of the 'han b ^111."   H<* Mill *nj«y*|lhe K„v<,milM.„t „f tltat %y \next that th» lime was approaebitig
th.- big game and a* he win older he pit tor* for lhe game io g«*t big-j wh<>1| Bip trnt»st|>ortatio*) %«ld \*e ffasihle and they "referral" coal
ger.   Action N lhe breath .f his life   He could affonl to rctir«. hut | ,-|mU w||jch fW 0||ly ^ ^^ |,y »irp|ineH. .
n»tir«»mprit is not to his liking, ( ...-»*.       „ .,...'.,..
1        Tin- fron- 1 Sent )\r>t t'titi\ fnmparty tbntiipiiUlft} lh* hijf steal
Thew are many men in the worM wiw h«v« v.tlu.ios wriise,, (>f fh<% |mJ|,jc, ,|omain ^^l <hp„ |br i}t>nt X(>rthem m«nt|nila1«tl the
minin   tbt-ir ««-h»e■»••»»»« tiU I.i--».ai.» v»I...... Mi.   v'u.n.u  I.-m:;. 1  iii.-:  ■' ;«-r*»w * \e*t Pa** 1 «w| i^itt\*n^*i nud *np*r*iti*i» iMttuMtwrir ni » m«j>ir-
fftant. He ha* m»vi»r courted publicity. He is noted lor his rrtweni-* j Hy |>f iu nimk ,,y »«r>/Vily Vgar'means. Having a^niwNl tli*
Htwl boron* of thai wiit+aw lhe ftdhwing *U>tj will W larking tnj^i mmpimy it then |/^me * eit*t«tner ftf .the company and was
many ii*»t«ils wbi«*'/i would m»k« it rfiitt Ukt 0 romanee. j hnntry for -flwip coal.
W* will \mvo for th^ hiwnpkm of Mr  W.inon ih.- story ol j       Awl now om torn J^tll Ut ftt. WBw»- .B« «• *> W* ptW*
hts rbthlbtml and youth oor**m ih* mm.   To thtm who have to dilto !wg* to tmtwm »^*W»i»t >MNf *. lWl an* bb at^a«(».
Hh nm) mining tn the old country ttot is mnefc thai is not &**•]       3wA Mom thc wtf V« <M *** Wfl«n busy ImMng mnr Iho
ntT''mwh that ***** ami ♦wt»itt*n." Mr. Wil«*»ti*« i«thw*y wns n tt' prmpotdn in the v«it 1^ »*ki „#»«*! by hu company.   Not t»ti»fl*d
1 it,e   tiiittr
jsvrpttt* from |ttt.«19 tn fSIStiT. !>l*
ld»nrtt of |372.««« wore iwUI in IS»««.
In reply to this convmuntcauon the
following was sent to the Director:
"F. E. Harrison. Esq.,
Assistant to the Director of Coal
Wear Sir;—Yours of the Hth Inst., to
hnnd nntl contents noted, In reply 1
may say that your letter does not bear
out the same contention os wired from
the Minister of Labor,
The wire from the Minister says
tlmt 'Further Investigation Is not con.
sistcnt' this you will allow denies us
further investigation, whether the
Commissioner decides it to be In the
best Interests of the parties Involved
or not.
You say that Order Mo. 134 was Issued with the knowledge and consent
of both parties, this ls, to say the
least, hardly correct, on the 23rd ot
AprU while In Fernie I received from
>cnr ollice a wire to como to Calgary
In connection with the order which t
understood you were about to Issue, I
wired that 1 would be In Calgary thn
following morning, and thst I had far.
thcr evidence to submit with refarenco
tn the dispute. I wns informed some
two hours after receiving your irlre
that an order had already been issued.
If (his was your Intention, why ask
mn to come to Calgary In connection
therewith? Tho Order wus Issued
without either the knowledge or con.
sent of this onlce, and when the Commission was otfer«»d evidence to snp.
port our contention, it was refused
and wo were told that there waa no
further discussion in the matter. This
you will, I believe, ttlletw is hardly the
correct attitude for an arbiter to take
in such a serious dispute, and oni? hav.
Ing such a wide range of possibilities.
H it is your Intention to enquire fnr*
thcr Into the dispute, 1 thall bc only
too willing to glvn you every assistance possible and ahnll be at all times
st your disposal.
Yonr slncetwly,
Pres. Dlsl. 18, U.M.W. of A.
On the nth Inst.,! aim rec-slTel the
bnt xioite In 1»1T. Comparative fig.
ores of the jwofti and lo«» account for
ih<« thw" year* follows:
't'he coal mtneil during tlw year
nmounted to «S1,«12 tons, a* against
.•ot.TUS ton* mined in 11117. and OUt..
S39 tons In 191U, nnd the coko produced
was ls:s."Tl tons, as ngalnst M«,!i:a
tons in 19IT, and 268,989 tons In 1»16.
Total assets stands at l6.85it.OOS.
compared with $8,883,871 a year ago
The capital stock paid up sttindt« nt
$<1,212,G«U. Accounts receivable, cash
in bank and Inventories reach a total
of $*SS,S"6, compared with ir.Tfl.M0
Inst year. Accounts payablo are $11».V
.'tTt  rmtuvirott vlfh till,878 Inst yesr.
At tho annual meeting W. It. Wilson, general manager, was made a
director and alt>cted to the otlico ot
serond vice-president. Mr. Wilson, In
addressing thc meeting, referred to
the labor conditions In western Cnn,
nda as very uncertain; thc men wero
now at work, but there was no assurance as lo the future In view of Ihe
general unrest. This uncertainty Is
al*o a factor In relstlqn to the com-
p..*n>'» dividend policy, and white n
d'flarstlo'i of 1 1.? l^r cent ror the
quarter was made, thew was no prom. I foI,aw|nI eomroom^ti,,^
!«.. made as to the future    President |
Ritas Rogers spoke hrlefly on the asj'i*. M. Christophers,
s«ts at ib*  company, showing that t       Pret IH»t   in, I'iMWofA
they Included t52«,0O0 In government l^sr -tit* We No. 8M
bonds, including Anglo-t>nch, nrlt. j   With farther reference to your com.
ish and Cansdlsn,
♦ *f,t •«*
tit.** 9,
, ,.t?st,mn
* :.;,ttr.     stio.-.tn
IM» Mends	
Profits *ub* ..,
tnM.tSI       ttSt 4M
niunkation of ibe "ih Inst,, Mr. Arm-
tit mint rt«t|ucMls that, you will ho good
•Mioagh to supply him with tlie addl-
,l.**w,-*#*.    *■■ .91.*. ».ii *!      9,9t»:M    jMt,    tttm**,:    J,**-«l
■tf*.-:,' Tffnrrttn" mt1;^ti rttli- df v.-:t,t*t*-
I on receipt of thts etldenw he will take
{the matter lato consideration.
Yours faithfully,
Atstrtstsu* 1n «tw» Xtbwrlwr tit »V«1
In reply to this commuakaU-M tlw
following wss handed to Mr. Harrtoon:
o?tr nm. ptteb, thtrt m*n mon thMlm than totm, Imt hk **wr»i* with tho report* of an/V«* #,mI ««««n^»» ** *w»«* **• l1^
.I2is,49;     tasi,oi3    mt,m
"V. B. Harrison, t&ij,,
Assistant to tha Director of Cant
Operations, He Xo. A**
In-nr rttr.
In spile of the fnrowtWe showing of tbt »bo?t report the cost of t tr«wns of ihe ink last Is t« kani, t»
productMH *t Cotl Crwk is <vm*ideml by tho Qttot N'ortton octaput JJjJ^JjS **** fmt mmtm to
toWwtiwIy toogmtt. It k coating npprtaimuty $2.75 p« ton to n# ^J^ nn ^^ lhli ^
prodnw conl it Owl Omk. It en be pradnetA t» Sptrwood, 4t* tmmh\ tmtor * nt« ttaemmttm
<-\*tr% th* ettMi r*p»»t *.UkU Ut* WiUuVmicwaily hid pccparcJ **** '« t"M •»* »^*TMI** f ***
- -      I mtom   i Im   iMMiiAiliii   luHMf.     ABMMM
'MR    MPP    Wmol*^H*mmnom   ^e^n*      mrn-mg^mwm
who understands tta watt of ft linnwa
will, l tetter*, motobn that tto rea.
nrrernl years ago Mt • much lower ttgnrt.   Il b tUtrtpttd tint tt
mm bt prod»c«d f or * Uttk mora than » dollar p«r ton at tlu mw loca
Continued on Page Three ~+*ifii <r^*m**-**t*nor*tt *--*■ —
Continued from Page Two
tion. So confident is Mr. "Wilson and the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
Company and the Great Northern Railway' Company in the success
of the proposed operations at Sparwood they have already had prepared the complete plans for the work and these plans include the
site of a "modern mining town" to take the place of Fernie which
has outlived it usefulness.
It would be sad to see Fernie,deserted; to see grass growing in
the streets and the rank weeds hiding the graves in the cemetery on
the hill, the graves, in great part, of men who died that cheap coal
might be produced. It would be sad to witness the exodus from the
little homes of those who -had staked tlieir all in* Fernie as they contributed their toll to the C.P.R. or the G.N. for freight on their
household goods. But there is no sentiment in business. It is good
business for a company to get cheap coal and the cheaper the coal
that can be secured the better the miiie manager and, as we have
stated and re-stated, there is no better mine manager in Western
Canada today than W. R, Wilson.
For every ton of coal produced at Coal Creek twenty-five cents
has to be paid to a subsidiary company, the M. F. & M. Ry., which
brings the coal the six miles to the main traek. At Sparwood there
would be no need of a branch line expense. At Coal Creek there have
been engineeering blunders made which can be avoided at Sparwood
and the cost of production thereby greatly lowered. At Coal Creek
the appliances are becoming or already have become, antedated and
more modem equipment will be more efficient. At Sparwood the
lower measures of the series can bo better reached and the dip at the
tip of the measures is very satisfactory. Iu brief iu the output of
say 800,000 tons per year at Sparwood, as compared with Coal Creek,
$1,200,000 can be saved and the necessary equipment for this production need* not cost more than half a million dollars which will be
wiped out in less than six months.
Perhaps by this time some of our readers are commencing to see
a ray of light in regard to the company's attitude on the strike. Perhaps they are commencing to realize what we stated at the beginning
that the rest of the Western Coal Operators' Asssociation are but
pikers in the big game alongside of Mr. Wilson.
But let us go along a little farther.
The strike was not more than three days old before a special
train came in on the Great Northern to Fernie with leading officials
of (hat railway. C. O. Jenks, the general manager of the G. N. system was at the head of the party and speaking of Jenks brings us
back again, as promised, to the late James J. Hill.
Mr. Hill was a good judge of men. One of the men of his choice
was the late Captain Jenks who was placed in headquarters at Crook-
ston, Minn.! He was*a man who had worked up from tho ranks and
was of pioneer parentage. Much of Mr. Hill's success, was due to
Captain Jenks. The present manager of the Great Northern, the
marl who visited Fernie the other day, has the qualities of his father.
In his youth C. O .Jenks acquired a reputation as a fighter. At an
early ago he became superintendent of a division. It is recorded that
James J. Hill refieatedly expressed_thft-ivigh-iJmtuhl
sessed the fighting spirit of young Jenks. Louis possessed the cunning of his father hut lacked the courage. In the days of the super
intendcncy of a division on the G. N., C. 0. Jenks had a decisive way
of dealing with conductors and otliers with whom he had trouble.
The western conductors of the early days were scrappers. Mr. Jenks
would call them into his office and tell them what he wanted; if there
were strenuous objections off would come the superintendent's coat
and before the conductor left he might be a bit battered but he was
sure to be "convinced."
When C. 0. Jenks and his companion officials came to Fernie on
Wednesday last week they were piet at the G.-N. depot by an automobile and brought* to W. R.Wilson's office for a discussion of the
strike problem and incidentally of a change to be made-in- thc running of the G. N. train into Fernie. Hereafter we are not to have thc
early morning train which has heen such a convenience for those
wishing to reach the coast with greater speed and comfort tlmn .is
possible Ivy the C.P.K. route.
Neither Mr. Wilson or Mr. Jenks showed any particular regret
because of the present strike. Their exchange of confidences, could
tho same be published, would be an eye-opner to the "rank and file"
of the Western Coal Operators' Association and would oven cause
the gonial Mr. Armstrong, Uirector of Conl Operations, to open his
eyes in astonishment. Nothing was put ou record regarding tliese
confidences hut a plan of netion was decided upon to fight the minors
to a iinixh— that finish will be the finish of Fernie and the commencement of operations which will produce dollar a ton coal at Sparwood.
The publication of this story will not ho to the liking of either Mr,
Jenks or Mr. Wilson. We Imve not obtained 'their permission to pub-
Hull it nor have wo had their confirmation that everything wo have
atated is authentic. We anticipate n flat denial, a shocked denial, a
heated denial. Wo anticipate lioing told Hint Th<» District hotlaor i*
only endeavoring to "stir up trouble," that the Crow's Nest Pass
t'oal Company hns the best intercuts of this eity at heart and tlmt the
survey at Sparwood, the drawing up of plans for a new town, the
keeping out of use the new fans, compressors and other machinery
that lie idle at Coal Creek, the recent visit to Sparwood of survey
men and the moro recent viait to Mr, Wilson of General Manager
Jenks have no hearing whatever on the strike situation.
water system at an unreasonable price. which forces the city to
charge for power a price far in excess of what would induce new industries to spring up. In addition to this they have charged' citizens
a hundred per cent higher price for coal* than what taoy soil to
Just* for a "moment let lis look at the price of coal. If. we had
the space we would give the full charter rights of the Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Company and show where the citizens of Fernie were
supposed to be protected against high price for coal. Citizens were
to receive run of mine coal at $2.00 per ton. For a time this price-
held good and then people commenced to.receive the poorest trash
the mines could produce. They were told that if they wanted better
coal they would have to pay more money, gradually all got into the
habit of paying more.and more until the present outrageous price
was reached. It is our candid opinion that a citizens' league properly organized and advised by strong legal authority Could mici-css-
fully recover the hundreds of thousands of dollars which hav,; been
taken from them through the increasing price in spite of the charter
provisions. , .
We also wish to remind the citizens of Fernie that tlie period
for which the Crow's Nest Pass Ooal Company was exempted from
taxation will soon draw to a close. It is proposed that a similiar deal
will be pullled off in the new town of Sparwood.
It may be argued that the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company would
not" wish-to see all the work they have done at Coal Creek count for
nothing—that would be poor business. They do not propose to .'h-ave
it "count for nothing" if they can help it. We can expect to hear a
cry very shortly for the Government to take over the mines at Coal
Creek and operate the same, the company on its part generously(?)
offering to accept a small trifle of a million dollars-or so in payment
for the works; That will not dispose of the Sparwood project—not
in the least. The Great Northern wants that cheap coal at Sparwood
and would have no objection to competing with a government owned
mine at Coal Creek where the production is $2.75 per ton with a mine
at Sparwood where it hopes to produce dollar coal. It would be
"another evidence of the foolishness of government ownership."
We will have to leave for another time the story of the possibilities through the Elk Valley and of .the so-called Imperial Coal Company which has immense holdings through that valley along the
route of the proposed railway to Calgary. The archives of the Great
Northern contain much-of interest in regard to this "Imperial" company and all of it has a very sinister significance when the future of
Fernie is considered,
Results secured during the past year re-affirm the position of the Sun Life of Canada as
"the largest life assurance organization of the Dominion.
Fair-dealing aiid progressive business methods have given it leadership in annual New
Business, Total Business in Force, Assets, Surplus Earning,*/. Net Surplus, Total
Income, Premium Income and Payments to Policyholders.
Some citizens of Fernie may exclaim:
what can we do about iU"
"Well if all this is true
That question should be answered by .those men in public position who are paid for keeping a watch on the interests of the public.
Fortunately the head of the civic government in Fernie at the present moment has no connection with the coal company. Without
doubt he has had no intimation that such a thing as the building up
of a Sparwood and the digging of a grave for Fernie is in progress.
Had he had such intimation he doubtless would have taken action
in this matter before this late date.  But it not too late.   He can call
Such a meeting can develope sufficient enthusism to compel the attention of the government of British Columbia and if necessary even
the attention of the already badly distracted government at Ottawa.
Let us presume for a inomentTHat^tlfTTJrow's Nest Pass Coal
Company does not intend to abandon Fernie for a year or two. There
can be no harm in having their plans brought out to the public gaze
and the public protected. The cloud over Fernie is menacing. If it can
be removed it should be removed and an aroused citizenship can
have it removed. --       »
If thc foregoing does not awaken the property holders of Fernie
to the dangers of their position and if it does not open the eyes of the
various members of the Western Coal Operators* Association then
their case is hopeless. We believe it will cause au awakening. If it
does not we may feel called upon to delve Still more deeply into the
matter and our only regret is that we cannot give the names to substantiate everything we have -said without violating the confidence of
some men who could be made to suffer by the octupus.
And In closing let us again remind our readers that TIIK
OF ONE-HALF OF A CENT PKU TON, and cnll their attention to
the following paragraphs from u Lolhbriilgo publication;
"in the meantime urraiigetiMilit nre living made to import coal from thc United States in large quantities. This
will give the C.P.K. a long haul during the shi.k times Moro
harvest, ami will send millions of dollars out of the country
—money that is badly needed during the period of m-oii-
"ThiiN, the 101!) strike, like the Nanaimo strike, of niioiit
seven years ago. will enrich the American coal owner* at the
expense of Canada."
Returned Soldiers
Take a Hand in
Winnipeg Strike
(By Asssociated Press)
WINNIPEG, Man.. i.May Ml.-- A pa.
rnding crowd of 2,000 or more returned soldiers and union man, espousing the labor side ol* the general strike
in Winnipeg, today swept through the
provoincial house of parliament an.l
then marched to tho city hall where
they broke up a council meeting.
In both buildings speakers, using
violent language, charged that Premier
T C. Norris and Mayor Charles F.
Gray were not dealing properly with
the strike situation and shouted that
"something bad better be done soon."
Second Parade in Two Days
This was the second parado lo par.
liament In two days. The marchers
notified Premier Norris that they
would pay him a third call on Monday
Tonight city and federal ollicers wero
considering the advisabitPy of asking
for military forces to guard nul.lic
property, in the face of a situation
more serious that ,t t is oe.ja slnca the
general strike began on M .y l-V
Only a few of the marchers were
military uniforms.        ° <.
Many of the remarks from tnt
crowd at parliament and the city hall
indicated that their leading grisvan.
ces were the determination of the
Premier not to take an atcrive part in
the settlement of the strike until the
sympathetic walkout Is called off, arid
tbe action of the city in demanding
that its union policemen sign new
pledges in which they afree not to participate in general strikes.
The crowd which marched to parliament was larger than that which went
there yesterday.
Richard McDonald, secretary to
lic works, was on the floor of the
chamber. He wore a small Canadian
flag. Several men rushed toward him
In a twinkling the flag was removed
and an army officer who attempted to
Interfere was swept aside. Premier
Norris also wore a flag.
Refuses to Remove Flag
"Take it off," screamed m*n In tho
crowd: the premier refused. He told
the men it was the first time h* had
ever heard such references to his
country's emblem.
When partial quiet was restored the
premier was asked by a half dozen
men, whether "this thing (meaning
the strike) was going to be settled."
Norris replied that tho sympathetic
strike must be called off beforo he
would act. Hisses, catcalls and pro.
fane comments resulted.
Tho marchers declared thoy "wero
not satisfied;" thnt they would return
to parliament on Monday and that thoy
"wanted action."
Thn parado reformed  In front ot
All Ratepayers whose taxes
are still unpaid for the year 1918
are hereby reminded that inter
est is being: charged at the rate
of 8 per cent per annum,
A tax sale will be held on September 30,1919.
it is understood.
Winnipeg was outwardly quiet tonight, but all throiigh the downtown
district were small groups of men, discussing the issues,
Firemen Threaten to Quit
TORONTO, Ont., May 31.—Witn no
progress made today toward settle.
ment of the general strike called yes.
terday in sympathy with striking me*-
al workers unionized members of tne
Toroato fire department issued an ultimatum tonight that they would ville
out Thursday unless their wage de.
mands are granted.
(From the Spokesman .Review)
Persistent ridicule of Oie Hanson,
mayor of Seattle, an explanation of
the failure of the Seattle general strike
a declaration of full sympathy with
the Russian workmen, discussion of a
reconstruction program for the American Federation of Labor and a long
argument in favor of Tom Mooney
were the outstanding points in a two
and one-half hour talk given Saturday
night in the Lewis and Clark high
school by James Duncan, secretary of
■vhe-Beattie^eirtrariBiJOr council.
Turner Hall Crowd In Evidence
Duncan is on his way east to attend
the sessions of the American Federa.
tion of Labor at Atlantic City. Largely
tho same crowd were ln attendance,
numbering 600 to 700, thnt frequent the
meetings at Turner hall.
"'Bolshevism as it is used in Amer.
lea today simply means some one with
whom we disagree," he said. "According to what Olo Hanson thinks it
1-5»ft has only just started here nnd It
is not dead as he says. "The labor
movement is something thnt Oie knows
nothing about, .Personally I look upon
the workers of Russia as mybrothers.
They may lie right or they may be
wrong, hut they oro workers and wo
one horse, to ?H weekly for the driver
of a three-horse truck.
If the schedule of hours and wages
which the drivers now propose-^ind
purpose to enforce—for the eleven
months beginning .May ]. m\), goe8
into effect, drivers will receive from
124 to $30 for a week of substantially
44 hours. That is, they will work eight
hour s a day except on Saturday, when
the day will end at noon. Ten holl
days a year will be recognized, on
which the men will rest at full pay or
will work at double pay, the same bo-
ing true of Sundays. Overtime work
in general will be paid at the rate of
time and a half.
A coal driver of the highest class in
Boston then, will receive a salary of
11,500 a year for working about as
many hours a day as the average of.
flee worker, for less time than most
teachers are required to give. Overtime might easily add to this $140 nee.
essary to bring it up to $ 1,70(1' a year!
If we speak in terms of remuneration.
We shall no longer Bpeak of the man
who drives the coal wagon with anything but respect. As for "coal heav.
ers," their wages have experienced
a similiar advance, and they get $24 a
week instead nf ik» «<i tK-oy ..a^ty^i-
twenty years ago.
Comparisons, with their damnable
iteration, are still necessary. The man
who, after eight or ten year? of con-
tlnuous study above the so.called amnion school grades, graduates from the
university, may fortunately secure a
position as instructor in his college at
$1,2150 a year, this being on a new and
'modem* schedule. If he Is not satis,
tied with that remuneration ho may
take a six week course In chauffcrlng
and hold a position at the wheel of a
conl truck, which will pay him ■ $1,60(1
and possibly »|,700 a year. Or, Jf he
Is an Idealist, he may study three years
longer and receive as minister of th«
Gospel a salary of fl.flOO or $l,l(M) a
year—Hartford Times.
are brothers In misery.
Likens Bolsheviki to Forefathers    j STRIKE MOVEMENT SPREADS
.."I have looked toward Russia with TO ONTARIO MINING CAMPS
concern ami the highest possible hopo .„	
All wo as Americans have gained a.tt I'OH.VLT, May IIO.—Tho labor -sltua*
all the Russians havo Rained haa been tion in tho mining camps Is acute, ac-
gninetl by revolution. If the bolshev- jcorillnR to reports hero today. ' At
lid are bad then our forefathers are | Kfrldnnd lako the miners' union htm
parliament and moved toward tho city j |,nd, criminally bad. j presented demands for a 41 hour week
hall.   Department at ore* and nmv»pa-| Deridea Oie Hanson ' iwoimitlnn of th* union an.l a mini"
p.r*  offloos  wero  boned.    Mnny  re-      Mr   Duncan  thun   look mhio'  tim-ttjinuiti wage of $!.:,() per tlay
'turned    «oltll*rs    were   among   th*  reitdhia everpts trout pr. ,*;* ue.omiU j    Ton davs have boon elven the opera-
icrowds on <h* sidewalk*, hut the unL ,l{ ok. nanMJIls5 (|0JhKk ,* a «,,.vii,«« i,,™ to consider the demand**.  A meet-
j formed soldiers declined invitation* to iU„| .leridt tl them.   Ite devoted him ill J Itu; nrnmued for last evening has heen
, join the march on the city hall, jj, uu.<iiu>tlHK to show that rwttlv Muy. ! |n,«tp,»tifd until Tuesday next
Council in SeHlon j „r Hi»nHon watt a very smuil t.tc'oi In      Nothing ollh-ially has been done jet
| The city council was In netion con. j i»r|,.(.|,,f? (|„. ^ri! •• to a eh.*.- nnd tint : fn Cobalt. Por. uitinn or UowKamU
| MiUrlnK the street-tar situation, and j ,h,, wor|<t.rM <it«tn*e quit until thej ! camps, but a mectlmt of local union*
had decided to "request" iht< street I wall„,j t(J ju ot|„,r wor,jM> „» |,j« mti-j hat been <v»»M far'Sunday ev. nlnjr
j ri.lhvay company to r.Mtitne Uh sen-1 M,UK(. ,.a g,,urraj ririikti hur,H tlu innd similiar action nm Hint tlf Klrklond
| ice. Tho trend of tho conncll dlBCUi. * wt,rker« before it hit** the people ihat | lake will be taken in the other camps
i'nlon. however, was to the effect that j h ,„ |nf,*.„,|,.,| ,,*, |„ir!,•• i Iti-medtateh'
(titrvi..! would not ho urged until '.lit
Calgary Postal Strikers
To Be Blacklisted
Hcfore CIctwHl Mnnnuer Jniku camo lo Keruio ho hml u t'owmlln-
I ion with lh«» rnnnngotnont of tbo mining mid unletting inhWHt* wliich
mv con!rolled In* Ihi* (treat "KorUn-rn.   TJ»' r-otiMittation was held iu
(Calwry Herald!
littler all the lime, but owlnjr to Hie
'chnnKP* and s*hHts inxonnnri   under
!    Ca!.Rar) post ofAci" «-niplo>e*e,i who ' S|„? u,,im,t*ri «y«tem oi help, a I* tin.
.,   , . ...    ., .„ .•      .  ,, .    ,.      A.       , ..    g,      ,   walkiNl ont on n »>mi»th«tlc »trlk*» ticult   to  tn»k<*  permanent   srranse-
Kpokanc and like tlio eowuiltation Md in tho oftlrc of Iho Crow "IJJtL, their tuition* «i»«l win nm ,L»     Vvpfc ,hs-!^^' <.r *< '■
N*M.t P-jiMl't«ii i\nn\muy no tv|Nirl m»» limn |iti*h}i*hc«l rt'KnniiiiM: th«H|,w taken back. awl permanent emntnyre*.  h '     r,
name.    Wf make the «tt«!em<vm, however, without feat' of sll*•*u»»ful (   "ftis ii the *i*l «f •«» «M»pbatic ww*.  lhe busim*** <»< ih« olio e t* e\p*n !♦•.» u»
fontnriirtion. tliat M»« immipt «f'lhe *iiiehi«i« in«er«t», Mr. War- '««• w»t unlay to Acting iww»w b*ym a completely i,«n».i taai« wiikni
• ., ■*.,.•. ,    ,    ,,      .  .. ,  J,  IL Corky  Uy   t'wuUniwler t.euenu  »f«-w «l*y».
mi, rxprw^l lh- opinion th«t tt vrm very **mtb»,. nt tito pr-'sn.t J; R mmA^ at ot(flW.. PnM WorMrf w„ri,trf
timo thnl IhiTC should he /l strike. j     r!|i> mww4gw *,« ibe ailmlnalh»o o» %      \Sh*-o  the po*ul  worker*   *x,np,t*
,„.., jl    , , , . U^o«   nf  tt*1i*ot-*t*htf   Altntlfll***   ht*    .f.f.t^ ■,*,***,. **■■*.* r-.Ofi  •■»   "     ' '■'
- -     • --■-  -•-.*■-- "*•■**.—.« »«." i"" ", **■"'•'«, | ww>n jt. «*orl*#v and tlw piwtiiniistitr  Mtnttar n".nilii#  ttof.in- the ***«■•> lc"
',\*.   J.fi      'A    '.Ai   7-1 J\':.*.'j  .'    ?' '   ''.,'   ,\,il   if.,-l   l*.i*v n.i-,  luivuuiiuii^ * ncnerwt.  lh«  IMU*»  guvellOWHl   te»«   lhe *M\* *. tb*y *e^ t-wii-d • .«.-lh*'» l».
k*ratia«J dur^me «h« iimtrn-iw oC lii.^ war, when tJie min^ tutte mp-,hfbtunt th« »««»»«*"" •*» **9«**?** »,«»-«iw«ier«; v. hmo »n«i < «•".•»*-
... , ' ■     - -      m    ■*■*"*,       :      j* „!   '"*t»if"ii!wjiM*i'*"* IbH*.  lb* *»ra.'>.*'-". -rf lb* i) .,:, ih-   *""'i <-.. >. ,• ,r... .':«".    *
imtcxl Ui h*s* ttoJ«r «uv«ri4Mi-ut »«|*•»vj*iu«i, Jlr. \\ Umm Una iriHl»mii>' ^nntn «halt not lo* ite wp «nr»ln «H*. H« •>» »« the eff...' th.i if ihe, ,*n>k< i
exitmnml ihtff ilet<»rm ina tion that at the proper time he would Wirht*rjUt rmmn \>y a »>mjat!iit!r «iriv." nf tut on a «y >nn i*hi ti. -»riVe. Un v it:
•'■    •    ;    .,T'.";.:    *    .*.    ',.....;..;.'".    Tl.  ,,.,,,,*,.,..*,*„,., «*..» v«..k,*.kuM   mm*** *no,tmtt*no*. «..**...,*„,.*....-» .^..«* I* t-a .*■**
hMll*rnfiH\ Cari.yl«an.Optf« P«*'«««•»*•    fb» hnd n*i *r,*n and th*
* i    An a reswlt, Mr. t'«rl«y ha* no option men depart* <t In » b".u
We have nlnmly mul that wi* •nttri|Mte a flat denial from th«.tart to pro<*««l « one* u> emptor     Anma p.*tm«»t«r *'*nti*y. *»*» h*
.   9.      .9      ... 9. ..  .   *      i • .   '-•        t   . *oil»#i>  wrmnnom   iw»n   to  t«*e  the he-ra In-fh^rve et ifc* «lin*tl«j. «!n' ,
Cmot'n S**t Vnm Vm\ Company that they Irnxd my mumU*m »^ | JJ^ JSf^i."   Vp u.d*t». Mr t.*W off em <»ii*»i»« .th. r »	
tvtr in ahand-ftningf Vortw.   \\> will also he nemiml through mm*Vm%l,f hm ^^ f3tMf 9Wt*mrw*t with t*ite the pine*** ot »he .frt^er*    ♦»..
*,t ihimo n*\**i nt* xs'tiWui the ».«|0«-e/.tii)C powern rn' the teiitacie* of the .a^lkaUanst tor tbum tHmllUu.*, Uut tbumt to »>' itbti-n tm * u;,»   --U,
fh*tNwnli«M!mt*nfrp#f»«!lti*f!fis1'Kerit votwsttn md wtl ti -nn* d.'-tMi-f.
*»f*4fy«il    'ti'**    th*    <ltf«i1"f>1.1    i "'1*1
met t*t*d* tmm Un *t*tt«l that *b* m**
Um f« all property Iwlderi nnd make th# hif intwran-ef -mmpanirVtiiat ib* o*w twiny*** wmti k*«t«*- ien>t 'bt'r i^-iiym* *b»i. th'-. 'tta' •
VX't* are nntiamt for al! thia. ^^t tteleetntt an4 tkU letnrmd m*%\  On« w»»*«Be wa* t*t*U*4 y**.x*nlas
xx e are pn jiami       mi ««i». . ^ ^ ^^ ^ jw ^^ mm ^ ^^ 4„p>VII|ient u tb,„, r
Tk* ettizem at Tttulo ttetnl to hn arowttl  Tbty tm4 U ht re- j v«t»NtMf« bm mntt UH **« **» ** *** *'nki** *m*^"**
mmheil OmI kkta *U> «ranU «m^mi iWw tmn»t**m t** lW kt*,w'n> J^_^* *•">*•*;*£* *!*1!*"
IM'llee problem was dlnptwed of,
i    Two day* bro the eity naiitteii fhe
Ipolioo otlleers  that  th««y  mut»t m!«u
' ur.  miTnem* nt   not   S*>  l»ar:i- ij:.*!     i-i
Ktn.ral ittrlheti.    Mo»t of the patrol,
men refn*ed to ttinn and remained on \
iduty.    The countiS today arr-H  to:
' "niotllfy"' lh« pletlae '
The Ittmie wa» und' r ilif.-rii.<ttlon *
wh^n Inmiilt was heard outside the
cennril rhdtnherti Qakkly ilnmHwa. i
rn* n Itefcan to pour thrntiRh the vn-
riot!* entranrex. Several of the mi n
r«ttet| nrt top (tf tary f*:»1ntlt*tr* d
Kiiuc tti.trKtt tind tju'.'t' Mur.i »t Uu;
lurd, whleb h»ng fr*»m the rtttineil gn\. i
',*■ r'y •
"Wbsl!   fir«  vett   riilnf   ♦*»  do   thon*
tbt* r»ip»?' wa* tttt** «•'* th'* ttr»i « rn-n-
Mnvor «;r*y timUx man nwf***tnl
in ur-Mltt-w Ih" vet*-»tr». In ll.*'«n !u bitii .
i.ntMde and fac«l a autherina parkett:
t  Not I.W.W. but Wnnt» Fre« Speech
■    -r ..in ",,.
'rttPKt* oc'iUHds
„,,,  .,..   t tl  If    l.ll'   I  *>.,.
jxmeii  to any lortii of ttti mt'rjai that j —-—-
do.- not pri.vf,!.. far th" full.-1 rluht I ,h" 'ollowinir d^nandH fnrmutnfe.1
of free i*|hm «h 1 i*'Mi to no* Hte t-nn. I •»> ,h" «ra»nlwK| e|. rKu and wareh«ttt»e
..liltttion -if the I'nited Hi»»es Wl.«M )'*'«•»» of Winnipeg nmy pmliably th? !■»•
MOUftbUo:. Thru, are fa» w.ui> UU* ' "w "» f!,frU' r-^'-'^nt tht; kUr.UM of
|„re tfNlnv Where free H»"<b »*!"•«***««'> fc"«M w««ht *V *-!Hlw III
e.irled    I viint to *<•'• tie- riKbt tiven
; the
to hftivik la ani, hail ji** fr»*«'Iy »ti the
I WW a* to iht> K«t Cri«s er any
Other ofiMI;l*«!fatt If Ji'iil ^:tr,l tttt}
tiiovemettt   to tr'.,v,,  tb«-n ;«•-'
MI'.HO'i  :*.:■*    (V ••      *l»   -* 1*    i*liil    !••
». .pr*f*,~      Tin!.-   »     '?i.    ■ ■*.!;.    •
A merit ,t    nn    «. ath-r    ihe
'HthltlKh  MilOfh  hit.    U pAi-tliK.'
tdeeeey Otrlkn T««k Wtnt *<»pl*uf<i
•ty t.
*.h l\ .I '
Wi'tilem eilie*:	
I.   Fttrtv-f.-tur titnir*. <ib.tl! t-onstitnte
a tft-t-rk'm -tM/r':
ir    one hour for tmuh a» iokiii *-:u*h
u'<* a
.'(MOiir*).   ill I'l'i'l't  ,:>'t'  'H* t'-t'J ;
\\;>h     fifT'**-"-    *.;    '
Ft i!i*f.*i,i*,.i)t t.f l.'iffif, bi-
,|*iiti,-» ;i-.'.,.■*, •■-, uh -h*   .-in «>
•li    Hrt«U**«    .in-tlli   tllfl    '„•!
tf:.-l   .tllthi.ritV,   *'!|i.:i.;d   In
T/iifa uniitft »o li;- liert**,!.,*
■! tb
•h'   tl<
'■'      K'ttppiy- i >*:
is'l r*-
'<•!",.   full p«'
*.<* h'titdtiv *
■t.     \n ifti'THt'i'
.*»<*. t>*»
;»i ,*iiot'i,l«'*:
*»*!■     flt.'tl    "h«'*    }>.•!<,
»*h.=l! !
•' »i th.i ra!'
n  nun   ,,n«i  .i tj;,
*..,, i. i ■ ■ t *.,
*.  »!   ,,*
- in t* * -f' *fi*
« i -* »*.-*.rv, loninr
.iIt'ill h
e t* f ii ,t ftf  f
f     Wi- '-■   i\--
..■it   .
»*  -J.|   ,*.».    .;;
, I*
, --ur.
1   1 ,i,m  * i
Mayer frwinl nt Vahnr
,..   . ,    \„   i   m. -..
.','w;  il     •*■•- A   'I'      i   '
.,«   9,'l9t,. H  ,n.*   «fci»   .    -i"
nirenrv   hid   r»f.in1ut"l
I •
I.   B«n
, »<ri
r fii'
■*. h. r..
-   or*
tn »«
• b ,t
S -iiwr .t.t
■l v*
■ 6
'• i
mvloi aie t*ilinii I Mf M*ntei*-/.iH|t powers nl
Wf (M>tnp«« «f imMUhlnr a Mnrv whieh will ininre the nlv. ot?nre
thn cwaJJl of iia hmitum mtn, iltrnWoy outiMvuoiu Imm 'm'iM>raMeiMUMFfMt)na(Wi wM tfeN ^^jm,
len nnd make th# hif in*ttran.rt* -mmpani^'
withdraw their «*<*urity.
HitttrtmnmlCimtmtiy wWi* ht timi far th# Irhwliww imt«ad«f w ^^^ w„h ^JTmiT tn»m-.tnn>*
tlw city m annual**! «Wtr»e Uffhttnft plant and * wooden ^pcdi««rtara. Tit wmmmtkm t* tuMml**
wonM aai km tnkeo lato ti* *#nte*
aiatn, '>uh»r at tb* oM r»»»» «» p*y
. f«' i-ntti-fi, t it b'xh t -r**«
I«^«i**»- iMrrtii' nt *«»'»• :n< t.t
Th-  mn** r ** .* 1.1-m'I  a* ■!   •
.,n<l *b.'-r. if    IH* •|.«-Ur.iiK»tt t*.«
«pv oWrl*l*t »'tiH rt^tn taw nn
thr .ir 1 *n-r' vt-   i *b* Uim* dos-'
,■ '   •     '      -   •'   •    ••   • k'-"> "'     ■
filr,-*,***:   m »* Uilloatd br «t*H*m«it * ex
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MarDonald Blwk
LtlkhrM(«, AlUk ."   F
Owned, controlled and Published by District IS, United Mine
Workers of America. Subscrip-
• Advertising rates on application,
tion price $1.25 a year in advance.
Thoroughly equipped for high-
class job printing of every description.
Phone No. 9 P. 0. Box 380
On Tuesday The District Ledger issued an extra edition containing the
story which appears on pages two and
three..of this issue. Fernie citizens
read the story with interest and the
"man on the street" could hear very
mnny comments
The prevalent state of mind was "it
cannot be true." It is diilicult for our
citizens to think that this town with
its handsome provincial building and
post oflice, with its city hall and sev.
oral brick blocks, with its many hand,
some residences and small homes will
ever be deserted. But we can assure
these citizens that unless some action
is taken by the government it will be
true and that in a much shorter space
of time than they might imagine.
The denial by the Crow's Xest Pass
Coal company that such a step is being
contemplated will probably be for sale
on the streets by the time this is read.
It will be a strong denial and, unless
we are much mistaken, there will be
nn attempt made to make our charges
appear ridiculous. Such a denial will
be in line with other denials which
have been made by the same corpora-
tion which controls the Crow's Nest
l';ts> Coal company when it abandoned
other towns whon the occasion -suited j
the purpose.
Over in  Montana there is a town j
called -Holt.    The coal mines around \
which   this   town   was   located', were j
profitable  producers  for a  time and \
Holt became about the size of Kernie j
ami   had   days   of. prosperity.    Little
businesses were built up and numbers
nf Workers Ity dint of much sacrifice;
became ihe possessors  of their own |
homes.    There   was .a  hint* that. the-1
tovyn might be abandoned aud tnern
was a prompt denial just as there will
be a denial that Pernie is tii be, abandoned.   When the people of Belt,, woke
np it .was too late to act, just ah we
fear it will be too late to act when the
people of Fernie wake up.
At Kalispell the Great Northern
wanted certain lands and because the
people would not give the lands gratis
to Sir. Hill he made the boast that he
would make the crass' grow in the
streets'of* Kalispell and he made good
his "threat,. White-fish became the diV;
-fafinnl point whttA Kalisrioll nrne.tlejitly
Some weeks ago a Lumbering concern on the coast published in an ad.
vertisement in the Vancouver Province au attack on the R C. Loggers'
Union and its secretary, E, Winch;
.Mr. Winch is president of the Trades
and Labor Council of Vancouver. The
outcome of the attack is thus des.
eribed in The Critic:
"Be sure you are right, then go
ahead'' is a good adage for newspapers as well as individuals.
Vancouver dailies have found that
it is not safe to publish advertisements
which reflect upon the character of
any man. The advertisement which
on or about May 5 appeared in all the
Vancouver dailies, and whi'ch The
Critic severely criticized on the follow,
ing Saturday, made a serious reflection upon the honesty of purpose of
Mr. Winch.'
We are pleased to know that Mr.
Winch- took the matter up with his
solicitors and that the outcome haa
been an apology and complete back,
down by the Province. We understand that Mr. Winch may not bo con.
tent with an apology from one of the
offending papers, but may proceed
with his suit for libel.
Mr. Winch suggested to the papers
apologizing that there should be a pecuniary damage and that they volun.
tarily pay to the returned soldiers'
club a certain sum of money. Mr,
Winch is not the sort of man to seek
pecuniary advantage for himself on an
occasion of this kind. He is looking
for a retraction and a vindication of
his character.
The lesson taught these papers
should be 'remembered. Thero is a limit beyond which thoy cannot, step even
in their anxiety to serve their mas.
ters, the controllers of wealth.
The following appeared in Thursday's Province:
Province Explains Circumstances
and Regrets Publication
.. On -May Ei an advertisement was
in sorted in the Daily Province
which made certain allegations
against the -President of the
Trades and Labor Council, and
Secretary of the R C, Loggers'
Union, in connection with the
strike of workmen af Princeton.
This advertisement was inserted
by The Province in good faith
but without any knowledge of the
truth or falsity of the facts al.
leged. On complaint being made
hv Mr. Winch'further insertion of
Ihe. advertisement-wns stopped at
once. The Province having, as
stated, no knowledge of the facts
alleged in that advertisement and
believing that a wrong and injustice may havo been done Mr.
Winch and others interested, re.
grots publication of the same and
further expresses its regret if
publication resulted in any injury or injustice to any of the
parties mentioned.
 „_0—-s      ..
Bert and Alf at the Grand, Wednesday
and Thursday—The Three Famous
Muskateers—iGo and Meet Them.
died, its resurrection later being due
to the tact that -it was the natural centre for a good horticultural region.
Kernie  it not  the centre  for either
horticulture or agriculture and the j Captain Bruce Bairnfather's crea.
lumbering is well nigh a thing of the j tions are alweys welcome, and, his
past. Without tho operation of the three best figures, did Bill, Bert.and
mines at Coal Creek there would be no Alf, are sure of a cordial welcome in
Pernie.   ' Fernlo when they make their bow in
If there Is no foundation for the the film version of "TUB ■BBTT.BK
story that operations at Coal Creek 'OLK ot the Orand Theatre, Wcunes.
will be abandoned so that cheaper coal day and Thursday,
can be secured at Sparwood then the Captain Balmsfather's cartoons oi
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company the British Tommy at the rront havo
should have no objection to the gov. become world-famous, and will go
ernment stepping In and by legislation down thru the ages as typiling the
guaranteeing against the dreaded con- spirit or the HrltUh soldier who has
tlngeney. .Such legislation would res. done so much In winning thiH war.
tore confidence in Fernie and be of Their cheery optimism, under all clr.
Immense benefit to the city and all Its cumstances, thoir unflagging sense of
property holders. JUST WATCH contempt for danger, are till nhown In
WITH WHAT WIDE OPEN ARMS OF j "The Better 'Oie." the tllm version cf
RECEIVE THE OFFER OF ANYj The lilm Is Invested with a real live
SUCH LEGISLATION! 1 i>lot. ln the shape of nn excellent t?ny
If It i* true that the tthaudc innei.t \ K(ory wherein vlllnlnv In confounded
of Coal Creek is contemplated (ami !tl„,i vtrtm, rewftr.,*i<?<i !n the ttpproprl.
we are absolutely convinced that it is)  ht(t
then it is time for the people to awak. j n,,,^ ,„ thf. ,,„„*,„ OM nm )llHcnv_
en ami prolyl their yyi .iHU'^.U ,m tlut „m k(.(.,„,r „f ,ho i,,,, tH (l,
Such protection Itt po*,.! tie, iwilly n spy. who means at a given
In .Minnesota, .Tim lllll sown state. ,,im, ,,, «,,,,„a, t,,p <;,»rm0im of the
several towns were iluin'oiiel by ; ,„nvemeiitK of Iho Krowh. Unwind
i-oth inllliiiK and minim? tnfereiti,   lu, ,„„ ttmnlrnlen hit* plans, obtain* his
at least nvn e-n«,«* tht> pv»i>-.> wer-
stHve to whnt was golm*. 'o ttt!t.> \i\n<-c
atitl tbev put |iri'H«ure on both state
and Federal ftoverniuenti-i, In one Instance a fiood sized town wn«*   eoveil
paper* nnd incidentally la hnnde,t a
ftuhslnntlal roll of monvv bv tho '-.pr
In return for whit he btllnviM to be
the papers he has lost, ntd which are
really valueless I3 a deil.Tlttttlt bit nf
almost bodily nt lhe expem-> of 'he ;j|Wm'or
enrp.,ruiioit md In anothor Invfnnee > !*u.ri'|» the "lilies nun" of the irK
the rnrtKiriiUim was forced hv \,-A-\i. ',„,,,* h,H ,m,. m,mm. ,„ „,V„V)4 „„or
lion to lake over the bonded indented. UJ)(wl 1)V „K, (jrrivaJ of ol,h|sp ,,,,, „,,,
wnn of th. tivmii nt.,1 t.t make Rood „r Mf Hii4 „f,repi"tt. 1 remark to
j>ropertv tr,***** Thnt l« wist' eon le ^..^ ,,„,,. ■j..|V„(.h r,r, -„ ,„r„ ,,,,. ..,r.
tlonf in Kernie If there U enoueh spirit   ,f,P lh; uar h |)V<ip ,.(l ,|k(, , „,,,„ „„,„
i**«yrl1  h" Um f*iM*i-i|V'      In  F*rt11". ***I1M*    ..-.*   i.ii!'.    ,     .,     V- Kt. "   •     ,.*... I'  Hi,. *
evsr, tee many of onr "prominent eit. ^iinny' bit* of" hii'morWnteb run* thru I
irens" nre hand and glove with the ^0 v^y j
wp«rati.n and  thty  will  da all  in . '  Malt "day in lh* trenehes. Ui • aoiiihI.
their newer to prevent any !»«it stlvt ,nK of th4, wimnH|e> Xh* trip htate 10 ,
aetl«n being called ter, tjwy v»lll !>• mur-hiv, nnd »h«» rHurn nraln to the
te«d l« their toapertef tne company «ftrh,t Uni,   u Mmb  ,„!fl   rN j* ,,t|
CttftWiitittn that never dtd anything mfi, Ul my „,„, ..Th„ 1MU,t .m,., w|„|
tt«t« -M.niMnm.nt enter thetf mtPd,        ,„, (t|H, nf ,h(, mm, prtj-t^f m mm
Une rliltMi «"/';;«"*;"• «h»« ■"»'*»*'■ .plrtowa »hown In mm* Um*. Ior It la
mood i» oren.it il will nnt hurt Kit- ^...^m, n„Wi „>m,,,h|ns different,
til.- for irmni r-in t* ran un from Ver..  ffr,m ^ Wftp p|flVi w u%t% ^,m vm j
«h'l«"»«^"i- •.'■ rtft tn '-.:.)( r-'iK ,„,. fc,„j , (Mi«ll«e« ^t tide of III., at Ihe ,
Tlttt miithi hai.'K-n for a brief jw-nod fmt, |fl ,H|f|| w#, hnVft „,, ^^ Mt,f. I
hut  a-   -   m   »i  there  we   .Mel,- ^(()[   <l(„ „Ulf, ,I|(V „r„ tit wir ,jlvJ, j
•I., llf It   '•■   i...|   e   II,,.    ....I.. I.   al   J»T»W      w, , MMwMy ,|«h|j|»g
tiwiii,   IVm'e   e*»«M  onln   e«t»erf   lo • „.
tw.   ui, u   <nd   iiiii-.   and   th<ifM»
*0'iM ht-rtimf mor** nnd more Intre
r.«j*f in*   -14   *t**-* -** ■ »n*t   |*ff*ift
",f   f»!.*lf!'c*f    *\ 1
editor nf Th" l>i»»rt*'-' t.rdr** ht* intn"
I*r<1 wn In t*p*T*t*a**d di-*irifi and *a«
itkftiti. 1. lint, ?w 'A.i *s*n 1** *uff«e tlvt'
-rltifiMi lh** *h**i i,real Northern rm»lh.
i**i   nt* tit :   ,«'nn    inittu   *•!>*.*>:*'   fi
I ff yt' '   '1*ti   <*(»«-|» Ihiit ' --e h.   »ir l"*»ht
in t-h^Ir <tlr«tkm t"t thenineli-e* or. a*
l't#*td*"'. !.<«»-*» I»«««i i. *tl It-* «iit»»,
Sent !*»•# i'nnl Companv often nny*.!
"fur *h»   widttwtt and orithantt *tto nro]
•". -i -   ai! *b' t-nmp
■\*.<,'ht.r e'-l-n tttf'.fli"*. «•'  lh»l  he   j,.!,,,,.;,-),,. „,.,„,„ ,f, t,f„ ,},„ MH: pi-,-**
nr* th^_i rte'oM i.»nri'*<<f th-.i -ihe ,if(f.,,,, ,,. ,f..ltH mhn nri, r,:i.ltjr m,,m.
I., r   i.r ib.. I'ical    Tn 'In1 oth■'* I'-nntv* |
n ifii jiit bo* tet: snd other ofieittl* nro I
tvllli-if to taltf tm th* aiSffwt thai will,
: .*..,.   ,1 !•*,   ,*.9,m*   ***»   tttt*   ht**   ***     »»»*» i
reallv member* «f the- an ton ha*f 1*1. t
1, I.    Ml   ,11'*  . j
\i l*'Mir'rth* tkt! f..1J.>w]*),j' -tin :
wnl titrnod h«- f'lHirli*-* l*»-«N»elt w*« I
Ktimle-t th» H«<r»M fw ftshlimilon.       s
Th" miner* romntaHi that rertaltt l|
„* >i>....» »f*»(*«. W'-*ei* ti«.*«n8i*i| Iti'  thi .1
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miir tn*»-H*H .Mi pbOme'ttto^  ,,ppn„^ ,sn ThwwMy.   T»#t am r*r
■IL^', ^-t^lt   ^1,       ?.     ?   Th# ™**r* *m ttatt tbny nrrpet'l
mbmotwtetf wl'Otmt ton* ,n 'hi. t*mnt*t   f^|r ,(|!|R(E |a ^f m ^ m mf
—, o,      --—. , j(i|i ^n n..,,,nt,  „.|,r tfttt(* wrmeittntli ■
Utm'x Ml in m* AW-'   The nutitn ni^^td b*» tmnb*4.  tmpmtwt Unmtty
'mod »H dtidfmii'T ant ttt* xh* mtn.
* ht* -att *»h* t*i** ytm*mt* ta tta* watdrw
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Direction Harry M. Eccles
TWO DAYS Commencing
Two Shows Nightly Commencing at 7
p. m. sharp
OLD BILL SAYS: "If you can find a better'oie than the Grand go to it."
and his two pals
The Three Famous Musketeers of The Great War
A Screen Adaptation of New York's Current Stage Success By Captain Bruce Bairnsfather and Arthur Eliot
OLD BILL, BERT and ALF, the three famous cartoon characters of Captain Bruce Bairnsfather?, are famous the world
over in "THE BETTER 'OLE."   They are brought to life
in the most wonderful motion picture of the war.
THE SECRET of the story's wonderful fascination is its close
and true analysis of the spirit which animates the men in
the trenches, that spirit which keeps them cheerful under
conditions almost indescribable. The army is full of Old Bills, Berts
Alfs with their sorrows and pleasures—Pleasures that make the very
word seem a mockery—but true reflections of what the daily life of
the boys haa been "Over There." "THE BETTER 'OLE" will do
moro than raise a laugh, and dim the eyes with Mars at the pathos so
piquantly drawn. It will make the people at home ttnderstand as
never bofore why the Great War was fought to a bitter finish and
how much is due to the Berts and Alfs and Old Bills who stood as a
living wall of protection for the people at home
Mr. Harold Bowen, our local tenor, will introduce the following
song hits from the stage success of The Better 'oles
"When You Look Into The Heart of A Rose," "Tommy" and "My Word But Aren't
We Carrying on" §
This picture played to standing room only for three weeks at the Allen
Theatre Toronto and we stand behind It with our personal guarantee.
It's the grand cheer up play ofthe day. You can't afford to miss It. Ask
fhm beys who have been over there about it.
t**.^. 4l|^MN^   ^OWbt-ttaWwoOi,'**   <*■*   *    If''"'- ' ' tf
mnn nth nnd isth
rttw. wttbtrw
Adults 50c.
Children 20c.
#^#W».f   (ft(^*«^-*W.J*#Hlrt*«W#» Wi ~£L&
Copyright by
Frank A. Munsey   Co.
Tbe Doy was in tne leaa, cxutemeat
aad anticipation carrying blm ahead ot
bis companion.   And tt was the boy
wbo first saw tbo rear guard of the
caravan and tbe white men be bad bees
so anxious to overtake.
Stumbling along the tangled trail ot
those ahead a dozen heavily laden
blacks who, from fatigue or sickness,
bad dropped behind were being prodded
by the black soldiers of tbe rear guard,
kicked when tbey' fell and then roughly
Jerked to tbelr feet and bustled onward. On either side walked a giant
white man, whose heavy blond beards
almost obliterated their countenances.
Tbe boy's lips formed a glad cry of
salutation as his eyes first discovered
the whites—a cry that jvas never uttered, for almost Immediately he witnessed that which turned his happiness
to anger as be saw that both the white
men were wielding heavy whips brutally upon the naked.backs of the poor
devils staggering along beneath loads
tbat would have overtaxed the strength
and endurance of strong men at the
beginning ot a new day.
Every now and then tbe rear guard
and the white men cast apprehensive
glances rearward, as though momentarily expecting the materialization of
some long expected danger from that
quarter. Tbe boy had paused after his
first sight of the caravan and uow was
following slowly in the wake of the
sordid, brutal spectacle.   *       ,
Presently Akut came up with him.
To the beast there was less of horror
ln the sight than to tlie lad, yet even
the great ape growled beneath h»
breath at,useless torture being Inflicted upon the helpless slaves.
He looked at the boy. Now tltat he
had caught up with the creatures of
bis own-kind, why was it that he did
not rush forward timl sreet tliem? He
put tlie question to his companion.
'They are fiends." muttered the boy
mem stealthily trom the jungle.
In happy Ignorance tbe little girl
played on, while from above two
steady eye. looked down upon ber, unblinking, unwavering. There was non.
other than th. little girl in this part
of the village, which bad been almost
deserted sine the sheik had left long
month, before upon hia Journey to»
ward tb. north.
And out in the Jungle, an hour",
much from the village, the sheik was
leading his returning caravan homeward.
A year had passed since tbe white
men had fired upon the lad and driven
him back into the jungle to take up his
search for the only remaining creatures to whom be might look for companionship—tbe great apes. For months
the two bad wandered eastward, deeper and deeper into tbe jungle.
The year had done much for the boy
-turning his already mighty muscles
to thews of steel, developing bis woodcraft to a point where it verged upon
the uncanny, perfecting bis arboreal
Instincts and training blm in the use
of both natural and artificial weapons
of offense and defense.
He had become at last a creature pt
marvelous physical powers and mental
cunning. He was still but a boy, yet
so great was his strength that the
powerful anthropoid with which he
often engaged in mimic battles was no
match for him. Akut had taught him
to fight as the bull ape fights, nor ever
was there a teacher better fitted to instruct In the savage warfare of primordial man or a pupil better equipped to profit by tbe lessons of a master.
As the two searched for a band ot
the almost extinct, species ot ape to
which Akut belonged they lived upon
the best the jungle afforded.   Antelope
i and zebra fell to the lioy's spear or
i were dragged down by the two pow-
Akut and .lack, now called Korak In
{the ape language, were moving slowly,
down the wind, aud warily, because
tbe advantage was with whatever
beast might chance to be hunting
ahead of them, where tbeir scent spoor
was being borne bjt the light breeze.
Suddenly the two baited simultaneously. Two beads were cocked upon ont
side. Like creatures hewn from solid
rock they stood immovable, listening.
Not a muscle quivered.
For several seconds tbey remained
thus. Then Korak advanced caution*
ly a few yards and leaped nimbly into
t tree. Akut followed clou upon hll
heels, Neither had mad. a sound thit
would bave been appreciable to human
ears at n dozen paces.
Stopping often to listen, they crept
forward th|ough tb. trees. That both
"1 would not travel with such as they, 1 erful beasts of prey, who leaped upon
for lit I did 1. should set upon them j tbem froth some overhanging limb or
and kill them the first time they beat j from the ambush of the undergrowth
their people as they nre beating them j beside the trail to the water hole or
-noWi—HButr-uOTtddwi-aftBr^Tnoraeiita-ttbe~ford. ** ;  ■ "   ~^~f~-       """*~
thought, "I can ask them the whereabouts of the nearest port, and then.
Akut, we can leave them."
Thc apo made no reply, and the boy
swung to the ground and started at a
brisk walk toward tbe safari. He was
a hundred yards away, perhaps, wben
one of tbe whites caught sight of blm.
The man gave a shout of alarm, instantly leveling bis rifle upon the boy
and firing. Tbe bullet struck just in
front of Its mark, scattering turf and
fallen leaves against the lad's legs, A
seooud later tbe other white and tb.
black soldiers of the rear guard were
firing hysterically at him.
Jack leaped behind n tree, unhlt. Days
or panic ridden (light through tbe Jungle had tilled Carl .leussen and Sven
Mallithn witb JaimUng nerves and their
native boys with unreasonable terror.
Kwry new note from behind sounded
to tlieir frightened ears (be coming of
the uhelk snd his lilundthlrety followers. •
i    When, after conquering tliolr ncrv-
-tmuwM, the rer\r guard advanced upon
1ho wieniy's no«ltli>ii to inn'-stlgajtethey
| found " nothin;,'. for Akut nml the boy
I had retrouted out of ranee ot the un-
j l'i;jemlly Rutin.
! .lack w0* iliMienrUMiod and wid. Ile
j had uot eutlroiy rerovered from the depressing effect of the uufrlemlly reception lie bad received at tho hands of
the black*, ahd now lie had found an
even more hostile one tiwordetl him by
men of his own color.
"The lesser beams fie. from m. in
terror," h. murmured half to himself; i
"tho greater beasts are ready to tear
roe to pieces at sight Iltack men would
kill me with their t|N«ra or arrows.
And now white men, my own kind, bav.
tired upon and driven me-away,
"Are all the creatures of th. world
my -enemies? lias ttm mm of Taruu
eo friend otber tban Akutr
The old ap. drew closer te th. btv.
"There ore the great apea," b. mid.
"Tbey only will (* th. friends of Akut*.
friend. Only the great ape. will ml*
com. the son of Tints ii. You have wen
that men want nothing of you. Ut u.
go tow tnd continue nur March for tht
gritt tptt~<Ntr people."
—u -n,n,mMm'iM
:i!:a  jrnns  ana  set  upon   mm.    Tuey
would either kill liini or drive him
A lump rose in the bo,v*s throat. He
i-raved the companionship of his qwn
icind, though he hardly realized how
Hxeatly. He would have liked to slip
down beside the little, girl and talk
with her, though he knew from the
words he ha'd overheard that she spoke
a language witb which be was unfamiliar.
At last he hit upon a plan. He would
attrapt her attention and reassure her
by a-smiling greeting from a greater
distance. Silently he wormed his war
back into the tree. It was hh? intention to hail her from beyond the palisade, giving her the feeling of security
which he imagined the stout barricade
would afford. '''■
* He bad scarcely left his position ln
tbe tree when his attention was attracted by a considerable noise upon
tbe opposite side of the village. By
moving a little be could see the gat.
at the far end of the main street
A number of men, women and children were running toward lt It swung
open, revealing the head of a cara'van
upon the opposite side. It trooped In
motley organization-black .laves and
dark hued Arabs of the northern deserts; cursing camel drivers urging on
their vicious charges; overburdened
donkeys, waving sadly pendulous ear.
while they endured with stoic patience
th. brutalities of their masters; goats,
sheep and horses.
Into the village they all trooped bt*
bind a tall, sour old man, wbo rode,
without greetings to those who shrank
from his path, directly to a large goat*
skin tent in the center of tbe village.
Here he spoke to a wrifckled black
Korak from bis vantage point could
see it all He saw the old man asking
questions of the black woman, and
then he saw the latter point in the direction of the tree beneath which th.
little girl played.
A gi'lw smile curved the thin, cruel
Ups of the Arab. The child essayed
to crawl away, but before she could
get out or reach the old man kicked
ber brutally, sending her sprawling
upon the grass. Then he followed her
up to seize and strike tier as was bis
Above them iu tbe tree a beast
crouched where a moment before had
been a boy—a beast with dilating nostrils and bared fangs—a beast that
trembled with rage-
The sheik was stooping to reach for
tbe girl when the Killer "dropped-to
the ground a't his side. His spear was
still in bis left band, but he bad forgotten it Instead his right list was
clinched, ami as tbe sheik took a backward step, astonished by the sudden
materialization of this strange apparition apparently out of the clear sky, the
heavy fist landed full upon his mouth,
backed by the weight of the young
giant and the .terrific power of his
TnOTe~tnffn uuman muscles.
And Then the Killer Oautai.
» A ItHtW.
ATBAR had paused .Inc. th. two
swedes tad ntm driven In two
ror from the Mvtg. cenntry
where Ibt sheik held away. IJttl. Uf
item ttm ptoyrd with Iter dull Ueeka.
larlahlng nil tw childish love upon the
now almost hopeless min or what, had
ontnt, *vm to tu palmiest daya, po*
■ *****d tree e allett it******* n* ich-hti.
I tbn n&nin Md Mw .«*? lor a long
, (las*, conducting a caravan of Ivory,
■ sMm and mbher far tail* tl* nottb.
fTit lattrim lad been noo nt trtot
! peac* for Meriem.  It ta tm* that Ma*
; 1mt,fi limit »»W lii,*-, 9,.1>%. *--.   ..;   -?-•;£
* or butt bnt a. ibe mood eetaed tbt ftt*
talnoM oM hag, twit Mabmv wa. miy
not. When tbt sheik waa thtrt alao
thfr. wen two ef tbem. and tbt nvtlk
was ttrongtr and mow bntal ttaa
Umh Matrtum.
Mrtta M*rt*m etten wetttertd arhf
wtrt greatly ponied  wai apparaat
l from tb. questioning look, tbey eaat
at eat another from tlmt to tlmt.
Flnall/ tbt lad ranght a ftlmpat of
. a paliaada a hundred yard* ahead aat
; beyond it tht top of aomt goat slda
I tenia and a number of thatched buta.
^ OU Up upcurled in a aavagt snarl
! Blacksl   Bow he bated tbem!    He
aifued to Akut to remain where bo
I waa wbll. bo advanctd to rtcoonottat.
:   Ht board a vole beyond tbt pall*
et4e, tad toward tbat bt mad. Ua
wa/.   A gnat trot ovtrbtmt tbt to*
ckMur. at tbo ttry point from wbleb
Um vole. came. Into tbia Korak erupt
Hit spear waa ready In bia band.
Hia mra told blm of tno protimity ot
a human being.   AU that bin eyas ra»
<tttlftd waa a stasia -slates to abow
,   ImM   'mt* *••»«*,  ******,   *l*t*t*tm*tt ****,   mttO
' wl-wfte worftfi fl.v tn tin gotil
-   With taiwd ajwar he crept among
; tbt braacbM of tbt trot, Haitaf dowa.
, wait! la March of tbo owaor of lia
. volet wbleb root to Um from bakm,
,   At laat ba aaw a human back.  Tba
j tbffwtof pttltlea to gatbor tbt fore*
i tbat weaM aaad tbt tree tbnt lalaila
w*m**aa*mi    w *w^*w^t*  -wniw   w^^ae   •. wret*   ^^^*^*^m   ^^m^^^^^^^*.
cemplttoly tftraatb tbo body of tba
, aacwatritti  vlctba.   Aai  tboa  tba
MWot ptaM4   Ht Itaati fbrward a
Httl. ta ftt a battar flaw tf tba target
fft fowtnd ton .pear ca-attaunly tbat
Bleeding and seuseless, the sheik
sank to earth. Korak turned toward
the child. She had regained her feet
and stood; wide eyed and frightened,
looking first up luto his face aud then
horror struck at the recumbent figure
of tbe sheik. In au involuntary gesture of protection the Killer threw an
arm about the girl's shoulders and
stood waiting for tbe Arab to regain
consciousness. For a moment tbey remained thus, tben tho gtrl spoke,
"When be regains bis senses he will
kill me," she said in ArabiV.
Korak could not understand her. He
shook bis bead, speaking to her first
hi English and then in tho language of
the apes. But neither of these were
Intelligible to her.
She leaned forward and touched the
btlt of the loug knlfo tbat the Arab
wore. Then she raised her clasped
hand above ber head und drove an Imaginary blade into tier breast ab^v.
ber heart
Korak understood, The old man
would kill her.    •
Tbe girl came to bis aide again and
stood there trembling, She did not
fear him. Why should abut Ho had
laved her from a terrible beating at
the bands of the nhctk. Nerer In her
memory bad another so befriended her.
She looked up Into bis face. It was a
boyish, handsome face, nut brown ilka
her own. She admired the spotted
leopard ikln thnt circled his lithe body
from one shoulder to his knees.
And Korak looked at the girl* lie
bad alwaya held girl. In a species of
contempt Boy* who .wioclated with
them were, in his estimated, mollycoddles. He wondered whnt he should do.
lie stood for serernl minute* burled
In thought Tlie girl watched his face,
wondering what was punning ln his
wind. She. tw. wus Ibitikiug of tb.
She feared to remain and suffer tbe
veng;ance of the tbclk There was uo
one In all1 tbe world to whom she
might turn otber than title half naked
stranger who bad dropped mlmcnlotm
ly from th. clouds to sav. her from
one of the sheik'* accustomed dentins*. Would her new friend leave her
Howl Wistfully «li« vnroii nt lit" (n>
tent f»*ee. She move*! a MUI* d<wr t«
bim. laying a .llm. brown band upon
his arm.
Tbe contact awakened the lad from
bis .tMorption     Uo looked do mm nt
her, and tben bla are* **m atuwt her   <„nie»n|;i.
•honlders otire inure. ft»r h. «»w tear*
npou her luwlicw
-Come," he wild, "lite Jriojrlo Is hinder
than man.   Too shall live in the Jut*
»H»>   «*ni<  Wt**-i*1r «»ut   !••»«»   K.RI  . ... •     >
yen." •■
*t*e did not understand his word*
tmt lhe prvmare of bis arm drawtnit
»w>r ewty tnm tli* ptwtmt** A-ral* a-nl
ihe tents was quite fbtetllslhf*   One
tittle arm erept .fxifflt his waM, .nd
,     , i ,, , i   ,  ,.   ,'   * .       , i   .
. . , *,.,   ■ * * - * *. *» - - -%. *■* *...', ,***..,
Hm*.th tbo tmt trie thai bad tiar
bored Korak while be watched Hie girl
r.t idajr be lifted her hi hU ttnu* and
■ hi owing ber lightly ecru*! bin «Wil
ter, teaprd nimbly Intn
—iMu . ^ sex.   . -^iimi "ni*aaaM~,*bai
reiuruing witn a prisoner, came gruiw
Ing toward them. A little girl aroused
no more sympathy in the beast's heart
than would a full grown bull ape. She
was a stranger and-therefore to be
killed. He bared bis yellow fanss as
be approached, and.to bis surprise the
Killer bared his likewise, but he bared
them at Akut and snarled menacingly
"Ah." thought Akut, "the Killer hns
taken a mate!" And so, obedient to
the tribal laws of his kind, he left
tbem aloue, become suddenly absorbed
in « fu-/.i:y caterpillar of peculiarly sui'
culeut appearance.
The larva disposed of, he {."lanced
from the corner of an pye at Korak
Tlie youth bad deposited his burden
upon a large limb, where she'clung des
perately to keep from fallins
"She will accompany us," said Korak to Akut, Jerking a thumb, in the
direction of the girt.    "Do not hartn
• her. ', We will protect her."
Akut shrugged. To lie hilrrtencd by
the young of man was hi no way to
bis liking. He could see from ber evident fright at her position "ou the
branch and from the 'terrified silnnres
slip east in bis direction that she was
hopelessly unfit.
By all tlie ethics of AKnis mihiinu
and Inheritance the tin fit should be
eliminated, but If the Killer wished
this she there was nothing to bj done
about It but to tolprnte her
Meriem spent an evening and a night
ut unmitigated tenor.
CHAPTER Vlll. •!
Korak and Meriem.
many months tbe strange life
the three went on unmarked
by any unusual occurrences—at
least without any occurrences that
seemed unusual to the youth or tbe
ape-but to tbe little girl it was a constant nightmare of horrors for days
and weeks until she, too, became accustomed to gazing into tbe eyeless
sockets of death and to tbe feel of the
Icy wind of his sbroiidllke mantle.
Slowly she learned the rudiments of
ihe only common medium of thought
exchange which her companions possessed—the language of the great apes.
More quickly she perfected herself In
itingle craft, so that the time soon
■-a tne when she was,tin'important I'ac-
or iu tbe chase, watching while the
ithcrs slept or beiinnji them'' to trace
ihe spoor of whatever pryy they might
ne stalking.
Akut accepted her on « fooling
ivhleh bordered upeii equality when it
vas necessary for them to ci iih> into
•lose contact, but foi the most part
ie avoided her. The youth always was
Und to her, and if there were many
•cessions upon which he felt the liur-
len of ber presence be bid it from her.
Finding that'the' night dump' and
hill causerf her discomfort and even
■iiiffering, Korak constructed a tight
lltle shelter high amoiijj*'"the swaying
-tranches "of a giant tree. , llcto little
.Merloni slept in comparative warmth
■ -45jd-safet3T-TvHie-tmrivltii.'r uud the™
-tpe perched upon nearby branches, the
former always before the entrance to
the lofty domicile, where he best could
u'tiard its inmate from the dangers of
trboreal enemies.
After tbe construction of the shelter
the activities of the three became localized. They ranged less widely, for
there wos'alVays the necessity of returning to their own tree at nightfall.
A river flowed ueur by. (lame and
rrttlt were plentiful, us were Usb also.
Existence had settled down to the dally
humdrum of tbe wild-the search for
food and tbe sleepItiK upou full bellies.
They looked no fun her ahead than today.
If tbo youtii thought of his past and
of thoso wbo longed fo? blm In the
distant metropolis It whs In a detached
und Impersonal sort of way, as though
Hint other lifo belonged to another
"renturo than himself. Ue bad given
up hope of returning to civilization,
for, since hia various rehull's «t the
hands of those (o whom be had looked
for friendship, be iiud wandered so far
Inland ns to realise tlmt lie wu* completely lost In the niay.es of the jungle
Then, too, since tbe coming of Meriem be lind found In her Hint ono
tiling which lie hail most missed before In bis savatw Jungle life liunmu
Tlio little girl Idolized blm. as she
might have Idolized an Indulgent,
brother had nlie bad ono l.ove warn n
thliiK unknown to cither. Uul ns the
roiilh ncared manhood it wait luevlta-
hie that It should come to him, in It
illil to every otber Mivage Jungle untie.
As Meriem became proilcloiit lu tbelr
I'omiunn liuijjua',*>.- the |i1o»hiih'i of
ihelr companion ship crew < on«'s|iot)tl.
iiit^ly, lor imw lhe,* could eotiUT.ie.
innd. nldivl by the mental power* of
'ihelr timnnn bert'ine ihey nmjllflcl
'the reMrh'ted vrx-Hliiilnry of the n|ie*
j until talking wait imunifnrm-ml from a
i tawk Into an enjoyable i> ihiimih
* When Kornk hunted Meriem imually
jKicotupaiiletl him. for *he had learmil
jthe lino art of utipttco when wlleur«t
: i\n» denlral.le   Hho niitld pakit tliroiigli
• the hraiMbiw of the ttreal  iree* now
«lib all lite «-gilit> niii* hii<tlib of (be
' Killer hlmwlf *t!r»'»jl b<-lght*i no longer
.i|i|uilli>d her She wwiitiu fnnn limb
to llnili, «r she raicl through llie
mighty liratuhw, ie»re ttmied, lithe nml
'»•'»»!?•».*» K«V7?.'*; ■*.-,.* <•,■;} ; r»:'.:\ of
(•cr snd eroti oi«t •»-t*t t*t-ot:>tsl in ap
|,iionl wii<pr« iivl.ir«- i.i I. nl kto*led In
Hum   Llie  rolf.sr .nm   tue  ii*.«i.     OleiU
was tbe escitenieni and hot was tho
ra;;e of the men wUfen they learned
that the white devil liad again entered
their bpuies. frisiiteiied their women
and stolen arrows mid ornaments and
Kven tbeir superstitious, fear of this
weird creature who hunted with a huge
bull ape was ovon-mno iu tlieir desire
to wreak vengeance upon him and rid
themselves for good and 'ill of the men-
ace of his presence in the jungle.
And so it was that a score of the
fleetest and most doughty warriors of
the tribe set out in pursuit of Korak
aud Akut but a few minutes after they
had left the scene ot the Killers many
The little party 9/ Warriors was led
by Kovudoo, tbe chief, a middle aged
savage of exceptional cunning and
bravery. It was lie who first came
within sight of the qtarry which they
bad followed for hours by the mysterious methods of their almost uncanny powers of observation, Intuition
and even scent
The white youth nnd the white maid
stood alone in tbe Jungle when they
were discovered by Kovudoo's band.
Akut bad been made king of his ape
tribe, and Korak, to Akut's- sorrow,
had left him to dwell with Meriem ln
the jungle. One of Kovudoo's men
leaned close to the ear of his chief.
"Look!" he whispered and pointed
to something that dangled at the girl's
side. "When my brother and I were
slaves in the vlllngo of the sheik my
brother made tliat thing for tho sheik's
little daughter. She played with It always and called it after my brother,
whose name is Geeka. Just before we
escaped some one came and struck
down the sheik, stealing bis daughter
away. If this is she the sheik will pay
you well for her return,"
Korak's arm bud gone around tbe
shoulders of Meriem.*. And then from
behind bim broke a hideous bedlam of
savage war cries, nnd u score of shrieking blacks were upon them.
Korak turned to give battle. Meriem
with hercowu 'light spear stood by his
side. An avalanche of barbed missiles
Hew nbout theni. One pierced Korak's
shoulder, another his leg, and be went
Mortem.,was unscathed, for the blacks
had Intentionally spared her. Now
they rushed forward to finish Korak
and make good the'girl's capture. But
as they came there enme also from another point in tlie jungle tbe great
Akut and at his heels the huge bulls
of his hew 'kingdom. '
Snarling and roaring, they rushed
upon tlie black warriors when they
saw the mischief they had already
wrought. Kovudoo, realizing the danger of coming to close quarters with
these migbty ape men. seized Meriem
and ealled upon bis warriors to retreat.
For a time the apes followed them,
aud several of the 'black's were badly
ceeded in escaping. Nor would they
have cot off thus easily bad Akut not
beeu 11 iore concerned'with tbe condition of the wounded Korak than witb
A eountry coal mine in good location; seam 3 ft. 10 incites;
good dry roof and dry mine; newly developed; also storage
bin to hold sixty tons, and blacksmith shop with all necessary
equipment.   For particulars apply to
Trades Unionists
What is the use of Increased Wages if the
Manufacturer, Wholesaler and Retailer
are to add to the increased wage cost,
their usual percentages of profit, and
compel you to-buy back the commodities you produce with three scales
of excess profit added
Protect Wage Values by joining the Cooperative for the distribution of these
commodities, and ultimately Co-Operative production of the merchandise for
which your wages are exchanged.
Incorporated 1907
' . *M
- If You Want the BEST in Meats Phone or Call on if
% The Meat Man |
•   . n
Dealer in    • fy
Fresh and Cured Meats, Fish,   Poultry,   Butter,   Eggs,   Etc. |j
Delivery Prompt    ,-■'.' Prices Same to All |j
Phone 163 ' Corner of 7lh Ave. and Victoria St. §j
Blairmore, Alberta {a
June Weddings
Look over our line of Wedding
Presents consisting of Gut Glass
and Heirloom Silverwear which
we just received and are now showing. Many other useful articles to
select from.
I 1st
11* grim *M mnn Hint tmt nn.  It to   it Mlfht mnbe m mw If wngfct
tro* thtt t*e wtt rmf nnt *nj«gt t*
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trmeUiea, fete nort ttotlnt ■tolnotkon.
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again* tMlan,* tw lirnnrft** fjntttlf
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mtntttinttmmoth&tei**!*?^ fm&^&VmCJKfi
A lUstiiut rlltHMf it tilu'Un tiiiil lur-
ii|h(»ih| lit-r with n numi-iv of fur «n<I
fpfttliid'n, ulili in^iiiii i.itui4tu»ut,» uud
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„.,     tt*,.    $.91    "..419, M**. *...     *l        - ,1 ' ** I /*t,it    t-,     ^..^'
,.***,.   ,.***,*' -       * -I '(.'.     ',,:    \   1   ' '
tl!?1it tfwiir fiiirt n tioit knife W--M* b*r
weaitom of nttee*-* >>r detente,
Um ti..'!.*, ruiiiiHliityt tutu Ute tOiuenn
at an »arlv innlurlty. f-nlluw i*d the Un««-«
tit a tiro*'*. litMi .*•*, Iti! Unie llm «lml
i«>ti> ***■****, **" *>•* *••*• *** i-***m*
At aht urew mure ntt^itomed to th*^
Jnnfl» •»<! Ibt may* of it* *M denl-
imt teat tttt *t»»r At llw* wore tm
tt» *rm tinnt-wt akme wti«n Korak
ltH» h*wet I ind Akut wetn tim*llna tl t «i*tt
IhitsUU-y,    Asi    l!iv,     ■).*■;*•    M.\v,**\.-.t.*.*
And w» Uenrtn tni*trd ilw Jimttr i tntrtd to *» »»»*« gamn wtt tetnt In
Witli K«r«li. Ireiiflne In 1<or rWI>!i*?» ' their 1r*tnti*1lii'* 'i-f-n'tj f'.'-n the 1"
Innotmtt* tb* ptrnngw wl.« bad 1*0 wwili'ii* niw immHy t'tmfiiioil lm tm
ttttoOt* fcwr and r-ertiap* l«fliww«f»l In J <ir**,*r* i» tb# ttutl^r tnlmaJt, thrni^
Iwt tutitet tu Uw. tiy ihat «tt*i"iK*f o*
ttiltirn power pot******! f»jr »omati
Tfc» iw» fctd mm* imt a «l»«rt *!*
ttitwttr frawi ib* '-tmatr wi*-* 11* elii
*pl**t tl* bite* ftnfwwtfmro of tht* rr*ttt
Ainl    MSUl) n l*:t ttlilifti mttaiu *i#
■*titttt o**re ttenety t* Kent! tod p-dni
nt renttnlly towtnl tti# aj*
AfttBt. l*Uaklatc tb» tint Kilm «»«
mmitUuf* *0e tmMMht 4)»«it * -deer
and tmee ***** llotl* lh* h**r. a wtent
ttinkff Ititl mlgtii ti«v« iii.'ul# rien
ttmta tttktk i*** i*t*n* nuntblmg
ktttt Kent not Wt dt tfHtgt nt
tttt black* (oltowtng Ita laat thteitng
tiptOttloo tbt aetinMa ot women nnd
eWUiwt Iti IMWII ttt warrtora in
A   8eor«   of   Shrlikino   BUeka   Wtrt
Upon Thtm.
dm fate of the Klrl, ii|ion whom h« had
iilwiijs loola'd tu moiu ur Iohu of aa In-
t(irlu(H>r and an utuiu-jNtlotiotl liurden.
Korak lay blpwllnij and uncontcloua
wlifii Akut rt'iHliod bia tide. Tilt
grcut B|»c toro tli« liwify *H|M»«rt from
til* ilt'nti, lielttHl tlio wounds nud thon
rarrlwl lilt friend to tlio lofty thclter
tb.it Korak liad constructed fur Ma*
Hum. Further than tldt tho bruta
could do notliliiR. Nnturo mutt accom-
filhli the rent uiiuldfd or Korak mutt
He did nnt die, liowovor. For day»
lie lay lie)|ilf**» with fever, whlla Akut
and the t|»e» liuiitrd ilono bjr that tfaojr
mlffht protect him frmn tuch lilnlt nnd
ItetNta hn nilitlit reAcli lilt Iwftjr retreat
tlivimlniiiilly Aktil IwilKht liliu Juicy
fmllt which liel|MMl to ttake lilt thlrtt
and tilt) hit fever, and little by liutw
Ida powerful contiltiitloti overcama lha
ttit-tt* at the *»iH'*r tbtu»tA. Tba
wmiw!« hettwl t»*l tilt »tr*fti*gtti tn
All during lilt rational momenta aa
In? had l«lu u|k»u tliu wifi turn nhkb
tltiwl Meriem t nest Iio had auffered
Hums acutely front fea.ru fur Merlettt
than from the i«iti of hit own wound*.
. -i.  ^.t  m« u,,t9t ii.*.-, itil utrt *tv lu-iit
T'—nlti b\" 'Ui' -'li UM 1,1* tu^-Vt .it
otit In teareh of t»>r   Hot tl wat many
> a day before atreugtb returned to bin.
fTo   l>«<   ■«rttl*iT!»f<»i|*
j Men ahouM nitty nwiy fr.-»o
Hrtile otringr 1o lick  i.f *Jci*|i'ji»
:t-c**m*minn*<lati(vn, htxl*] ntul ?«::nk
Iiottte*  l»ei»«f   nver.*">n»w*}-*«|   ,N«
'tk* will He ft'*,v*n wJser) tliinp gtl
, -sl-jliWi.
',l^%u*^^r;fiff!iffl.!9?i,'t%a,*i,1>t,iii,t.i' -   A ' m^ii^maiiSm^&MB^miimiSmi^
ft   uu   ijt-J^Bav   - nii'i->iM»i'    i      i"»"«,i ,  II    *ti "t -i'ii_ Jr    ut • ry"'.*•)"*
Saturday Matinee 2,30   Saturday Nights First Show at?
Friday and Saturday, June 6 and 7
CHARLIE CHAPLIN in his second million dollar comedy
"Shoulder Arms'*
"Take tho&e f«t in." tontmwJs the stigfsnt.
"     '.'t'txerr}"  totki Tlmigh'.my t"b:vh<* tJinphn, aii J then Uie Uouble l»ejt'«*-
1 hi        11; ol Chail't'» t«ltr» oHiow to kill Ute Hunt.
The Lriirc of The Circus"
l-irit ep«*o4e ol ihegreatest.ftlm*now onaitli, ftAturin^ KOOIE POLO
rti"f lliif l.'ircin t'nt     JjJ t)f t«fi,j( for ovtry *„**-Min trot", 8 t'i Tft,
Universal Current Events
'I he bn*\ *»f»m,»l* f«t'lb* *"fi*il  "Hinli  1!p    it •;ft!l not it;i *r Winnip"^, nil
a*.count of th* big' ttnke triH wt cannot tell wb-*n it will r.nt tlnoiipli.
f ,11.
monciav ana tuesday, aune H and 10
"The Clutch of Circumstance"
A powerful drtnit of the thadowed path of ttacrifire that led a woman into the
tli# umlit hi^hwAf et letr*
••The Woman In The WebM-chaptcr 6
One Reel Comedy
Wednesday and Thursday, June 11 and 12
MME. PEI ROV A in tbe great story of theatrical life
"Tempered Steel"
A "First National" Attraction
i «
iSir Johnttm Forbes Robcrts.nl in " Passing of The Third
¥\mr Hnrk
| , Vpfcaka Snrrat fn ••The Victim**
A. MeFtfi^ , ^ Mary McLaren in 'Creaking Suln"
Utmttj Local Union Mo. 1054 iaHMHMnHl Otttw-m
NIE, B. C, JUNE 6, 1919
Correspondence Re Strike
(Continued from Vage Two)
ponsibilities   of  his   work   should   at
least entitle him to a greater remuneration.
Again, the Fan Engineers at Coal
Creek are paid at a less rate than the
firemen who are at work under their
instructions, and this I hardly think
you, yourself, will concede to he fair.
The Ashmen are at present doing
the same amount of work as they prev-
ously did but suffer a reduction in
pay. What reason exists in this case
for a reduction in pay?
At Michel the Stablemen were for.
merly paid 12 hours per day for this
work.   Four men were engaged.   Five
Mr. Armstrong:
was    received    from
iMay ,20th
•P. M. Christophers,
Pres. Dist. IS, U.M.W. of A.
Dear Sir:—1 have for acknowledgement your communication of even date,
With regard to the remarks contained
in the preamble of your letter, 1 beg
to reply as follows.
You have already intimated to me
that you will not accept the findings of
such a commisison unless they con.
cede your demands in full.
With refernece to the fact that President Hayes is now in Europe it is as.
sumed  that -Vice-President Lewis  or
men now  do this work but the live I some other officer is acting in his place
men receive only-t'i hours pay.   Thus [during   his   absence   and   would,   no
doubt, act in his stead. You were
asked if you would be willing to accept
the decision of the President of the
International. You replied: 'We will
not accept the decision of the President of the International or anv other
President, We will be our own jud.
Regarding item Xo, 1 of my cominuii-
cation to you dated on the 20th, I am
still willing to carry out the sugges.
tion made in Ihe said letter. Reter.
ing to item N'o. 2, you say that the
operators in Alberta have already
placed the men on the eight hours
j shift.   This may bo the case in some
it is, under the order, cheaper for the
company to employ five men than it
was formerly to employ four.
There are many other things which
enter into the dispute, but which could
not be treated in a communication of
this kind, and in which the evidence
could only be given on the spot.
There are at least five or six camps
where evidence would have to bo
taken if the Commission wished to
get the details in the dispute.
Believing the foregoing are sufficient to warrant an investigation as
asked for by tho Policy Committee.
I romain, yours sincerely,
P. M. CHRISTOPHERS    ' mine's.   I am quite willing to have an
Pres. Dist. IS, U.M.W^of A.
In company of Secretary Browne
and Vive.President McFegan, I had an
interview with Assistant Commission.
er Harrison on the 17th and he in.
formed us that Commissioner Armstrong would be in Calgary on the 18th
and would like a conference as soon as
possible after his arrival. iMr. Armstrong on tha afternoon of the 18th re.
quested us to meet him on the follow.
Ing day. This was done and the inter-
view was, to say the least, anything
but pleasant. On the morning of the
20th, we received the following communication which will in itself show
the trend of the interview:
Pres. Dist. J 8, U. M. W. of A.
Dear Sir:—I have before me your communication of the 24th and the 25th
of April and subsequent correspondence between this oflice and yours regarding the application of the Policy
Committee for the appointment of a
committee of six to investigate the
working conditions and rates of wages
for employees who were formerly
working tea or eleven hours on the surface at th'e mines in South eastern
British Columbia.
In view of the fact that you decline
to accept the findings bf such com.
mlttoe, I cannot see the advantage to
mission as suggested. You have also
been offered the proposal to refer the
question of Order No. 124 to i^ank J.
Hayes, International President of U.M.
W. of A. to decide whether it was in
contravention of the policy of your international.
This suggestion was also declined hy
you. In view of the foregoing I would
suggest the following:
(1.) That with regard to the alleged grievances In South Eastern
British Columbia I am willing to send
my assistants .Mr.'Harrison and Mr.
Jones to that area immediately to in.
vestlgate these matters.
order issued instructing the operators
to continue the same hours of work
on the surface as exists under the present agreement of which you requested
an extension in your communication
of the 2nd of April.
As already pointed out to you this
proposal is simply tentative and until
a new agreement has been negotiated.
Yours faithfully,
Director of Coal Operations
In reply to the above the following
communication was adddressed to Mr.
•May 20th, 1919
"W. H, Armstrong,
Director of Coal Operations,
Dear Sir:—Yours of even date received
and contents noted, I beg to reply as
fellows. Your letter to me seems to
beg the question, I have stated that if
an investigation is held and the evidence adduced made public, I have no
doubt but what we can sustain our
position, even if the decision is against
us in the dispute. I, personally, see
no reason to fear a thorough investi.
gation into the dispute, and the deeper
the investigation the moro pleasing
to us and of much greater benefit to
the public.
As far as the International President
is concerned in: the dispute we do not
curred in this district in 1917, and*we
fully believe the membership of this
district are fully capable of conducting
their own business now as they were
in doing so with you during 1917. We
are not willing nor will we consent to
outside employees in Alberta going
bock to the ten and eleven hour shifts.
If however you wish to order the oper
ators to do so, that is a matter of no
concern to us. Regarding tho investigation offered hy you, such investiga.
tion to be made by two of your assis
fruits wo accept subject to the following conditions:
(11   That tho Investigation shall be
(2,)   If the employees who hn' f *>r„ I <on.lucu.--il in any part of the district
.uu! in any camps named either by
yourself, the operators or the resident
ollicers of this district.
<2) Thul either the operators or
their representatives, or the ollicers
of thiH district or their representatives
shall have full permission to question
witnesses from either side during the
An early reply to the above wilt he.
grout ly appreciated by,
Yours hlworely,
In reply to the foregoing, the follow.
Ing was rocolved:
May 20th, 1(119
"P. M. Christophers,
Pros, DM, 18, TT.M.W, of A.
Denr Sir:—I have for acknowledgement your second letter of todny, My
communication of this morning ts qulto
clear nnd I bave no Intention whatever
of begging the question.
With a view to 'urUiii'iiii,
amiable adjustment of this dispute 11 follows:--
ment your third communication of the
20th inst. I desire to point out to you
that Order No. 124 has nothing to do
with the extension of the Tentative
Agrement but deals only with the wag.
es of the outside employees .under the
agreement. Order 116 extended the
agreement until your organization was
in a position to negotiate a new one.
This was impossible on your return
from Indianapolis, for according to a
statement read by you to the Minister
of Labor at Ottawa, you pointed out
that you would oniy be in a position to
negotiate a new agreement after the
peace terms were confirmed by the
United States Senate, and at the same
time you asked for a further extension
of the agreement until the formal uec-
laration of peace. This action on your
part was further confirmed*by the following letter from Secretary Browne,
under date of April 2nd:
'The Policy Committee of District
Eighteen, U.M.W. ot A. desire to meet
the representatives of the Western
Coal Operators association on Wednes.
day, April ,9th, 1919, for the purpose of
asking for an extension, of the agree,
ment as outlined hy the International
Up to the time of writing no objection has been receivod by me from the
ollicers of District IS with regard to
Order nG, as a matter of fact, said
order was issued by the request of
members of your organization and
reads as follows:
'The Tentative Agreement expires on
.March 31st, 1919, but owing to the fact
that representatives of District 18,
United 'Mine Workers of America are
unable to meet the Western Coal Operators Association thirty days prior to
its expiration a3 provided, the follow,
ing was mutually agreed to:
(1.) That there be uo chango in
working conditions or orders as laid
down by myself in the tentative agree,
ment and subsequent orders except
there will be no sittings of the Cost of
Living Commission.
(2.) There will be no suspension of
work during tbe negotiations for a new
(3.) That for the purpose of making
a new agreement officers of District 18
and the operators will meet as soon as
possible after the return of the men's
representatives from the special convention at Indianapolis on the 18th
of March.
(4.) <By virtue of the authority
vested in me by orders of the
Privy Council, passed under the
War Measures Act of Canada, 1914, 1
hereby direct that the foregoing rates
and conditions shall be in force and ef.
feet until further notice.
So that there can be no misunderstanding with regard to the contents
of the Order 124, the following is a
copy thereof:—
'Application has been received for
Hundred and Twenty-three, after full
consideration of the matter I am of the
opinion that the rates of wages for outside work in District 18 shall be ad.
justed upon the basis,
(1.) That tho present rates cover,
ing a nine hour day shall be made to
apply to a eight hour work day.
(2.) That the present rates as outlined in the Tentative Agreoment for
an eight hour work day shall remain
as at present.
C5.) That the present rates covering ton and eleven hour work day shall
be adjusted on the basis of nine hours
pay for eight hours work.
Order number One Hundred nnd
Twenty.three Is hereby cancelled nnd
Order One Ilundrod and Sixteen is
hereby amended to the foregoing effect.
Thia order shall not establish a precedent.
By virtue of the authority vested Jn
me by order of tho Committee of tho
Privy Council, pnpRPtl under the Wnr
Measures Act of Canada, 1914,1 hereby
direct that the foregoing rates and con.
dltions shall bo In forco and effect
from the 1st day of April, 1919, whoro
mines in Eastern ll.C. nre undor my
Jurisdiction nnd from tho 16th of April
for all mines in the Provinco of Alberta.'
Hav lug regard to tho fuel that an
ngrcomiutt: Is still In existence, the
throat contained in your letter to pull
out all workors Is a direct contravention of your agreement and of n com.
munlcfltlon signal hy the President
and  Secretary of District 18, dnted
Workers": Unite
Loggers of the Interior Country Take Notice
The Loggers of the Coast "Districts have formed an organization kno(wn as the B. C. Loggers* Union, industrial in.its'
scope, comprising all workers in the lumher industry, and construction camps, affiliated with the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council and the B. C. Federation of Labor.
We invite all Loggers in the interior to join hands with us
in a united effort lo better our conditions,,which can only be-
done in this manner.
Organizers are uow on the road aiid will pay you a visit
in tlio near future.
So get ready!
,, For further information communicate with E. Winch, secretary-treasurer, 61 Cordova St. W.
*    ,       *
Alberta readers of The district Ledger will find it to their
advantage when visiting Fernie to stop at the Northern.   Thay
, will find it cosy and home-like.
License No. 10-1770
High Class Day and Night Cafe in Connection
European and American Raies. See Us for Special Rates
Phone 29 Private Booths
«■ . ■•      -' ■      ■ m
Kootenay Granite and Monumental Co.,
P. O. Box 865
Nelson, B, C.
The only Monumental Works In  the
Barrister. Etc.
Twenty-three    (23)    acres   of
Fruit Land, in Creston district;
half mil ft from F.ricsnnfit-fltmn-HV
clear title. Will exchange for a
house, or good auto. For further
information apply
Bellevue, Alta.
For Sale—A Magnet Separator;
nearly new; cost $100.00; will sell
for $75.00.—O. Parnell, Flagstone, B.
C. Apr25-4i
i  --*      - i
niiuui ..ii! lYUiw-j;,.  .iiii, iUiii, witu:It ri'inlx as
mmln certain jiropofwln tn ymt in my
first li»tt*>r of this date. In those proposals [ fool I havt* made overy miwm.
xltiii podsihlfl nml fn nmm! with thc
; tt*rm* of the tentative agreement and
! to which your ornarilwflon l» a party.
j    Your* fnlthfuly,
! w. ir. AfiMftTiinxa
I Director of Coal Operation*
'■    In ron\y to the Inronoinn tbo follow-
,im: was will to Mr, AtiuMronn:
May 20th, 191m
"W  If   UlMKTimVf!.
I»lrcctw of Coal rtpttrntinn*.
merly worked ten and eleven Mjun;
outside the mines In Alberta <1 sire to
work the same number of hours aa
previously, those working.ton or eleven
hours will recelvo nine hours pay for
eight, hours work and two and threo
hrurs overtimn respectively! All othor
mon who were formerly working nliu;
hours will reeolvo nine hours pny for
eight hours work.
(3.) Or In view of tho objection ro
Order No. IU as staled by yon I am
<julta willing to rescind the order as far
as It relates to the Province of Alberta.
Thia would leave matters with regurd
to that Province in exactly the samo
position they wero when your organisation wrote asking for an extension or
tho present agreoment.
Yours faithfully.
Director of Coal Operation
In reply to the foregoing the follow.
Ing cnni*mnnlf'i*f*-in h-hm «nr* <,; Mr.
May 2oth, 1910
"W. li. Armstrong.
Dlroctor of Coal Operations.
Dew Sir:—Yours of today  received
and contents noted, in reply l bi>g to
toy, you say that in view of the fact
feat we d«r1lnn to acwpt the findings
ih" lotiunimkm asked for yoa ne*,
m advantage to be min**d in Its ap.
polntnicnt,   Th« adrantaer* as wo mm
It will eome from thu fact that the
public will h* Jn poMet*dlon of Iho information Kwiiiuio-ii unit Hhould wn re-
jeet thi- lindlne* ..l lh.< ,-*,mn*\nnmn iH- ■       ,-alj{ar) ;    ,, ,   -*lm ,„Ww „,,,„ b„ „„ ehM^i
Jamie woulil in* ib,* final juitg«»« m the j !k»tr 8|r.. TlH> ^pmb^hip «f the dis-, in the present wages or working con-
"J,*![' 'trict have by u largo and ov«-rwlw>lm. •dt-tl-ous,  <««««> to In-clad* »h»» M.C l» !
#• »    .TV/ '"  ■      ,,lJ,,ul" ,H*,n* -liur majority rejected Order So, VU |»j awards* I
Im-.        it, ,,    ;"",,:", '''''■'Idi'in, I * ,lWd Uy yoa which ^rftvlikd tor an cx-1    C.»   Thnt th* font innat ton of the!
may say '»*'«" »» M present In Kn. !<rBB|0n nf u,** prmtont anreement inr***nt ar*f*moni onto th* d****!*** '
An no agreement »ow mm* between j tion of peaee shall In no way prcd»i
j .«*,' ..*,...i'i..* in. Aim till, uu u.r-,, .am i j...»*.(•<• unit «l»Utl I tu asHtitg (or ait in-1
u*'iii-v, tn nnt* action is taken by jour tMmi uf tho wage rait-*. ,
»J< wwwicwt #MINi*f |n> eitteitA tint* ftt**.\ rftf, k Thnl th* fWrMifj*! i-rvtnmlitilnti
«nt agreement or mak* a new one, nil j for settlement of disputes shall con.
workers in nnd nrottnd the mlntu wilt i Howe In force tit Jrnst until un agreo-
•    ■   '        «-. »  ***:*   ^ |*'.« ■* »>„.„**.■*.*   *i»» *-#m *-■*%** b*b b ^,*k%«kb%sk** I
thn* honr of thr** on the aft#niooti ttt     H.»   That negotiations for a naw'
May xho ilth. this will include tho fol. 	
liming  classes of  labor.  Knglnccr*.
Firemen. Pumpmen, Ftamcn. I,ami»,
m<*n and Stablemen,
Yonrs sincerely,
Pre*. Wit. IS. If.M.W. otA
i.;;*...■,.'-. i i',n. uuuvv.sk.
Heey Mat. If, U.M.W. of A.
Piano Tuning—If your piano needs
tuning send a note to Box 498, Fernie
and I will call and do the work for
you  at a reasonable  cost. L.  O.
For   8ale   Cheap.—A   twelve   seat
Ferris Wheel nnd Organ; In nrst.clnss
condition; a good money maker for
this summer. Apply to 8. Trono. Blair.
more, Alberta. 38.41*
Wanted to Rent—Furnished house
in a good location for months of May
and June.   Reply Hox 888, City .
'Owing to the International V.xecit-
tlve Hoard having called a convention
for tho purpose of outlining a policy
ti govern its membership during Ihe
period of reconstruction »nd as we are'
ttot In a position to meat tho Western
Coal  Operators  Ansoclallon  for tli*
purpose of making a wage scale agreement until we are Informed of the pol.
Icy which will lie outlined at that convention which will meet on the ISth!
o;  M.inh at  Indianapolis, we would j
ask for an extension of o»r present
^protonon*   until   uh*   ORflaitloft   ct.
r»*»jtfe atntis th»> following linen:
Will meet regularly
•very Tu-esdajr arm-
(ng at 8 o'clock.
Visiting members
cordially welcome.
W. reniuMRton, Alfred Hakar,
L\ <.\ K. U. 8.
Miners are hereby notified to
stay away from Greenhill Mine,
Blairmore, Alta., until further
Many miners on the spare link.
rod Mcdonald,
Secretary 2163,
Blairmore, Alta.
et je
Eggs for hatching from matings of
pure white, large bone, finely shaped
birds at from $2.00 to $3.00 per sitting.
Satisfaction guaranteed.
C. GILLETT       Box 501, Fernie, B. C.
Pedigreed, bred to lay. First and
second hen; first and second pullet;
first, second and third cockerel; aee.
ond cock; first and special utility pen
at Fernie Poultry Show. Eggs, $2.00
per sitting. Duck Eggs for sitting.
Fifteen pound FlennlBh Giant Bnck for
F. STREET, Hand Avenue,
Weet Fernie, B. C.
Tomklns' strain.     At Fernie show
won best male, second pullet, first pen
and best display eggs.   Two dollars
and five dollars por fifteen.
West Fernie, B. C.
Single Comb Duff Leghorns and
Barred Rocks. 81,60 per setting.
Heavy winter layers, Two Buff Leg.
horn cockerels for sale,—Joo Turner,
Hand Ave,, West Fernft.
by the day
Wm. Robson
Come in and see the most beautiful display of Solid Gold Nugget
Jewelry at the Fernie Optical Parlors this week.
... *      ' . .... A
$2;60 per month provides you against any accident and
every sickness, and pays $40.00 a month from the day vou are
laid up. ■*'
Particulars from
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. Fernie, B. 0.
Claims promptly adjusted from this oflice
Reliable Used Autos
I have several for sale, including Chevrolet, Dodge, MoLaughlin,
Prici?,* asked are very reasonable, aiul it will pay you to un we
before buying elsewhere
Special Bargain in a Ford Five Passenger. $250.00
Special Bargain in a dray Dort   $83500
He sure and look this up.        Correspondence invited
Phones 770-409 8. 0. B. Building, Tenth Street
Wanted Tenders
Dr. W. H. Pickering
Bank of Hamilton Bldg.  Oppo«iU
Suddaby '$ Drug Store
Phone 188
Teacher ot
Piano and Organ
Theory, Harmony, Counterpoint,
Transposition, Composition,
Or-du'st ration
For the whole of lhe lumber, «»tc, contained in the hntld-
ings of Qiictnis Hotel, Hunner, It. C.
The buildings arc law and contain a «r» at quantity .ef
flret-t'ltiM material.
Tenders must lie received by .Tunc the 15th,
NATAL, B. 0.
Pernie, B.O. i
I'nder new management.   Thej
best prims | mi id for all kinds off
Kccnwl hand furniture, stoves, eti\ j
Sawion ft Meek, Prop,!
■botnrt* lm hhu f. **r** *• oi '-.-•* <* i'. *. ••!
nd of uPtMftmfnt nf th" i|w»*ti'in nVo-'
ItMlmr to« fnr into th«< futtirw.
(n t*n»r*i it> |**»<ui N<», i }•<»» «iiu.»r to
MH»d your a«nlMtttntw to lnvf»«tt*»t»» thrt
#r*r*U-**>»i)«**-t< io Kott'H k'M*tt*m it*" it
yon wnnlfl rwmfiU to Ut* inwutlftattftn
•ttandltiK to nnth fsmtw a* w*» may do-
tire In the rrnvine* ot Alberta thu!
MfSht b« mn*M*rt*'1
fn r»je«r»!<i In WM So. 5. \» thmun;
Ot*n otteetod in th* Vrovine* nt Albert* j
bare alroadi' booo nlnood nndir Order *
Ko t!4 t»r tho hi ti'tn ol ihw oprtntern j
nrm rmrinnl a*h or r*r,e**nl f*i*»> thov'
ntcain r*1nrn tn 'hi- u-n md rlrten \
boot shift. |
lloVtBX tfc« fMRoiBf «m m*U#j    im ,h. »„„»!«« nf tlw SIM th* tet*
yemt tmtooo ooo*id*rat\m, ; towing wa* tnmiitt tnm »r. Am-
I female, yo-irs »!nr«rtty. «tmiw:
r. u mmammtmm  Up. M, c*ri«u»»im.
_^_ *"!! ^ ^.l:-M:^ *>   *™*- wit it, vmm. ot a
H ftttf bo tbe aloft UM fonavtaftl     oity.
Oasr Wr:-—1 bt**e ter ntbnnwlntgn.
ngnwinenl shall be nnterml into within
thirty dar-n after tlm declaration ofj
ptnee. j
Ifoptng tho foresolng will rorolvt^
yoar eirnett ff>n*li1*ration. )
-twined) tom nmm     i
A lnrthr-r t»M*t to call em the Ka-j
gtswere. Firemen. Pumpmen, Pfcrnwra
and maMtmen wwnM rot only h* n
dtrnet fontrsmnttmi ef tits genital
mi ink of tne nnre*mtnx mx wtmm ve n
ilrdailtm nt tbn MUming tMonn:
*f mpfsjrsss to sirs far mfns.**
•ta torn ot
(Continued an l'»g*»8«v«n>
Mrs* E# Xodd.
Pernie British Col»Wa
St.rwnablc MUHner/ ia Mxn Utwt Style* trim the
Orwit FittWoa Ocatwa
Oo«s, Oaim, tttt*. Own* Dmsts, Whftewev. Hoetery, Pa»ey
Special atWattoa to HaflOrtkn.
Tony Dcrico
Communicate At Once With
809 McLeod Building, Edmonton, Alia.
E9 mo fo. mp
Lethbridge Brewery Products
Watt, WholMaie VHtrn to f Imi Trwie
Top-Noteli Prwrets FaM for IMtlcs
I mm, "«• Bo«le Eliif ••
Ths Albert* HoUl Bliiratrt, MbotU I
ff.m*tmmt*tm9iii*t99*^99*^9iiiimm^ii'^ *w*^**«^«*MMwa
.»AI*ww^* mm-mHi* im9i.-iiif'i™m»tt <u
Correspondence Re Strike
(Continued1 from Page Six)
disputes or suspension of mining, the
engineers/firemen and pumpmen shall
not suspend work but shall, when min.
ing is suspended, fully protect the
company's property under their care
and operate fans and pumps and lower
and hoist such men and supplies as
may be required to protect the company's property and any and all coal
required to keep up steam at the company's plant, but it is understood anc
agreed that the company will not ast
them to hoist any eoal for sale on
the market.' K
Notwithstanding tliat negotiations
are still in progress between your of.
flee and mine you havo seen fit to issuo
a.strike order which is in direct violation of our agreement. As intimated
to you previously, I am willing to appoint a commission as requested in
your communication of the 25th of
April provided your organization is
witling to accept the findings of said
Having regard to the fact that in ac.
cordance to your own statement you
are not in a position at present to negotiate a new agreement and also from
your letter it would appear that you
desire to repudiate the extension of the
present agreement which was made at
the request of your organization, I fail
to, see where any services of this office
would be of value in the negotiation.*
of a new agreement at the present
Director of Coal Operations
You will see from the foregoing that
, Mr. Armstrong assumes th-at a strike
order had already been issued, but
such was not the fact and from what
sources Mr. Armstrong was receiving
his information I am at a loss to understand, and further it was at Mr.
Armstrong's request that we asked for
the consideration of a new agreement
which both' knew would be but a tem.
porary one, however in answer to the
foregoing, the following ltetter was
sent to Mr. Armstrong:
■May Sl'st, 1919
"W. H. Armstrong, Esq.,
Director of Coal.Operations,
Dear Sir:—Yours of even date to hand
in  reply 1 beg to say, that in our opinion the extension of onr agreement de-
^pends on the revision of Order No. 121
under which the outside employees are
governed both as to wages and cop.
of April in spite of the fact that it was
very clearly pointed out to him, that
when this communication was sent,
the policy committee did not know
that the operators of Albertaetaoinshrd
that the operators had put Order No.
124 into operation in the province of
Alberta, he still persisted to claim
that the men in Alberta had no griev.
ance under the order.
In the foregoing letter he again says
that he has creditable information
that the strike order had been issued
but does not say from whence the information is derived.
After considering the whole correspondence on the subject, your officer!
thought it better to personally inter
view Mr. Armstrong, and did so on" thi
afternoon of the 21st. It was pointei
out to him that we had no objection tj
his assistants making an enquiry into
the dispute, prqviding the enquiry em.
braced the whole district if such was
desired. This he agreed to but still insisted that the enquiry should only be
eld on the stipulation, that the district
officers agreed that the district as a
whole should abide by the decision
that might be handed down, and after
leaving him the following letter was
May 2lst, 1919
Pres. Dist. 18
Dear Sir:---Referring to your verba
request that  my assistants,  Messrs
Harrison and Jones make an investi
getion as per your letter of April 25tt.
I am willing to accede to your request,
as before stated to you, Provided, you
are willing to accept the findings of the
Yours faithfully,
Director of Coal Operations
After receiving the above I had a
talk with (Mr, Armstrong and was in.
formed by him that this was as far as^
he was prepared to go in the matter.
It was pointed out to him that it was
utterly impossible for the district of.
fleers to accept a proposition of this
kind, as tliey well knew that were tliey
to accept it, it would bo against the
wish of the policy committee, and tantamount to their recall from oflice.
*Mr, Armstrong was, however, very
definite that this was his last word on
the subject, and in consequence the,
district officers acting under the in.
structions of their policy committee issued the order for a general strike,
which there is every reason to believe,
if carried to its logical conclusion, and
ditions during any extension to which. .*■*.■        -,-,■*.■ —I- -
... , ' ,.     Leverv man in and around the mines
we might agree., Inconsequence if nop-    '<<..   l   .   \_.„.       .,„_ .„,.,_ „
agreement is made on this point, then'
no extension Is agreed to.
-with reference to our being willing
to accept the findings of the committee
who might investigate the dispute, you
are no doubt aware that you stated lh
our conversation of the 19th inst.,
•That nothing would change your mind'
this was said iu regards to an investigation being held. If this is the state 0n ThurS(1ay, -May 15, a general
ot your mind there is every reason M str,ke wa8 ca„ed ln Winnipeg.   It was
drops his tools, irrespective of his occupation, the point in dispute is bound
("J. H." in Red Flag. Vancouvor)
believe   that   your   assistants—who |
would conduct the enquiry and report f\vori{ers
to you on the Investigation—would bo
more or less Influenced thereby, it
would therefore be foolishness on our
part to agree to abide to a decision In
which we have overy reason to think
that the investigators would be moro
or tegs prejudiced ln thoir opinion
previous to tho Investigation being
As to the general clauses of tho a-
grwjtnont which you quote, 1 may say
that In my opinion, whenever the a,
gtecraent expires, the clause quoted bv
you depends on tht? goodwill alone of
th« employees mul wa do uot feol
b'twd to lot a portion of our mon pro-
into,, effect  by
trades. It has completely paralyzed
Industry in that city. So far as we
can learn, the only disturbance to
date was caused by aome people demonstrating outside the building occu.
pled by the strikers' central commit,
teo, We have no information of tho
personel of this crowd. They were dispersed hy the police. These conditions
are common to general strikes. We do
not require the word of "a well.known
Winnipeg journalist" us assurance.
There are, however, somo features
been heard but apparently without provoking energetic action, though numerous wires of protest have been sent
by citizen bodies to Ottawa urging that
the mounted police be instructed to
act. But in spite of this novel proceed,
ing by the strikers, Winnipeg has not
got excited. In fact the feeling that
blooodshed will be avoided was actu.
ally more general on Sunday at noon
than in the earlier days of the strike."
Those few sentences are provocative
of battle, murder and sudden death.
Particularly such elegant English as
"Winnipeg has not got excited" and
"the feeling that bloodshed will be
avoided was actually " If a twelve-
year-old school boy handed such
wretched composition to his teacher,
bloodshed would be unavoidable. But
the direct appeal to violence comes
later: "Perhaps the news of the Sov.
iet proceeding did cause some of the
citizens to take a firmer grip on them,
selves, and their jaws became a little
more resolutely set." Perchance they
bespoke each other, after the manner
of the gent whos% wife was momentarily expecting to add to his joys and
sorrows, "Be British boys! Be British!" At any rate the business men
"districted" the town, and still there
was no trouble. Lawyers, doctors, big
merchants, etc., enrolled in the citl.
zens' army. For what? All that silly
Buffalo Mick, or Whalebone Dick, the
Gun.eater, stuff is denied1 in the same
edition of the "Province," in which it
appeared. Denied in small print head
ings. Funny, how things work out.
Since the Commissioner of the Mounted Police visited Vancouver the edit,
orial columns of our press have been
remarkably free from the riot-inciting
matter which formerly occupied plenty
of space. Well, the day after this dispatch we are discussing appeared, thc
'"Province" has an editorial abjectly
apologizing for the nonsensical lies of
,, • previous day, and putting tlie
blame on G. C. Porter, a well-known
Winnipeg journalist. We hazard the
opinion that O.O. Porter will be even
better known in the future.
.But again, on iMay 21, Ave are told
that the Winnipeg strike is a revolu.
tionary move. This time Ernest Robinson, secretary of the Trades and Labor Council, is quoted as saying that
word has been received from all points
between Wirinipeg and the coast that
they will follow the example set by thn
Manitoba town. The roport continues,
tbat the "citizens' paper," whatever
that might be, said: "It is the public of
Winnipeg that we speak in stating
without equivocation that this is not
a strike at all in the ordinary sense of
the term, it is a revolution. It is an
attempt to overturn British institutions
them with the Russian Bolsheviki sys.
tbm of Soviet rule."
AU true citizens are urged to unite
to defeat the revolution—and still
there is no disorder.
If the wage slaves of Canada do not
learn to Ignore the frantic nonsenso ot
the press, it will be not the fault of
that Institution.
No doubt to the business men ln
Seattle the strike in that city, looked
af through their fear.crazed eyes, with
sixty thousand slaves suddenly withdrawn from the buying of commodities,
with the spring stock on hand, the
brinks demanding payment and the
sheriff pounding on the door, must Indeed havo looked mountainous to
them. On the other hand the stupid
and bombastic utterances ot the nerve
broken Mayor Hanson must hav*
paused much merriment among the
slaves. And now Winnipeg and Its
| lawyers, doctors and big merchants,
are cutting an equally lucldrous list.
The fact stands out, above nil
which are not common to sympathet
ic strikes, tn the news dispatches from j ure
Winnipeg.   The printing trades, th«!U,jM  raei„<irnmtttic  hurty.burly,  that
(wealth minus debt) is 50 billions; of
France 30 billions; of Italy 12'billions;
of Japan 27 billions. The net wealth
of the United tSates is 225 billions
The United States has been forced to
bond less than 10 per cent of her total
wealth. Her net wealth is greater—
nearly 100 per cent greater—than the
combined net wealth of her principal
The value of exports over imports
(the trade balance) for the calendar
year 1918 amounted to over three billions of dollars in favor of the United
States. The indications are that for
1919 there will be a trade balance al.
most as heavy.
Before the war, billions ot American
Securities were owned in Europe, Of
these Securities two and a half billions
have been brought back to the United
There is in the United States over
three billions in gold money. Compare
this amount with the 4(H) million stock
of gold in the Bank of England, and
the one billion, one.hundred million
stock of gold in the Bank of France.
The United States has vastly more
than her share of the world's gold
The United States is the greatest
manufacturing nation on earth. She
produces, through high industrial efficiency, a huge annual surplus of
wealth, which must seek investment
somewhere. Prior to the war, the for.
eiegn investments of Great Britain,
Germany and France totaled nearly
forty billion dollars. Thenforeign ln.
vestments of the United States were
a mere nothing compared with this
Now the tables are turned. German
foreign investments are wiped out.
Her surplus is gone. Great Britain
and France will be busy restoring the
economic life at home. The United
States today is prepared to invest
more money in foreign securities than
any nation in the world. From this
time forward, she will be in a position
of financial imperialism that will e-
clipse anything that modern society
has known. Resources, efficiency, in.
vestable surplus, freedom from heavy
debt, equipment with adequate man.
power, the United States far out-distances her nearest competitor.
Competition for trade and for in.
vestment opportunities wil be very" bit.
ter during the next few years. It is
little wonder that France and Great
Britain are seeking protection in a triple alliance with the huge reservoirs
of American credit. Will this Triple
Alliance hold when these reservoirs,
filled to overflowing, threatens to submerge the capitalism in less favored
t«ct the property of the man or men, | fl h , tho flrc flghter3, andi;,       --, -f ^    -—"^n,^(
who nre trying to separate us or our ,.,'     ,    ,„,„ ,,.,..,,,.,«   tho notice ' 7,   , i,    !      ,   V   TV? "•"""'""H
ui™« umi i.hiiiir«ii fLi ii-.ni- t»i»«*n.' a<:('on,,,,K lo lut0 u',om' tuc Pni,CP> iiltioi (lined and educated by tho vory
TlZlto^ i»«™ »»ilJe to,nmon cm*° *Hh lT><im'' <»«* <" i'apUaliaite Production, to a!
it »., Twi*h m Btv« th« invMti..tinn ltr,al cotton.   That mmi bo (ltatr«8a- point where they can and will end th« j
JLked to   in ft,v ™™iKSi »f >»W'MW' for m 1,oor "mWC"   *r'W.cramblotoHvaonttehuah.ili.a
m asked ror in m> communication of > , ft    at, Ul0 nlc0 tUtaM
>4>*U»rday «iul subject lo the condltons"    ",,...  ,,„„ h„„„ «nviM» «f lato      » A,    .,  •  .*. ,. ,
contained therein, the strike nitty yet "»s   >' ,,,C   **? *!? !*y|?Lf * £     «VOT>' 8tr,kf «•?• I*™ »»« »<<<«'■ I
bo »»«i,M, If not th* order, for tho nb"ut *X ™?2,T Lre atin* than :B"d ,'"'? mlU" .t0, "^'l'1 k  lh"'.ri
three o'clock this afternoon. 'mmi ,,e ,ho mCntaI ™mm*nt °' ,h"
Ytiiir.i *lfl-t'«tru!y,
Pre*. I Hat. I ft. U.M.W, of A. j
ht an«wi»r to th«» forMolnn thc fol-' bt*"
P.wIbk wat* rwplved:
May Slat, 1919
P If. Uhrlntopher*,
Ibm, DM. IS, City. *
l^ar Ulr;..! hav# for arknawlrnlgenmit
yoar t««nmnlcatlon of the Stat tnnt.
Referring to thn r«i«e«t for th« ap
loaf, lonK-suff-fring public.
The strike commltteo control* Win.
u^'* uutl tLat his, Vvn v,i> tU^T^r.
Th*' "well-known Winnipeg Journal,
nr* very doleful, tt l« difficult
(ttalde from the opportunity rtota
would offer to tha master class to club
and shoot th«« workers Into awbmla-
moro fear.strlckt-in, and less capable or
tictiiig thf> part of tw*n.
Strlko* and lockouts, panka and in-
-uiinHldi   il«;j(ll.-.-.».,iHI>.   aitt   HU'WI-jilll-   III
,n finclfil ayntum, which in hfwtl on
pi'rehi'?"' nnd ?r>.!c ot ovr-rytbintt Fn*?
duc-mt. Ami no society ^an fonttnue
to bear the ahoeka which have lonst
onongh     nnd     fr*o«m<<*«t|y     enough.
alon) to make roach money, at ao much RtralncNi the feeblw bond of e«nh mxm
per column, out of an orderly atrlke.
The "well.known joamatlata" cannot
contoel their chagrin.
No Konnntlonnt hapP^ntns* oertirlng.
Joinlroent of n roramlaalon aa tm- \ the next heat meana to atlmet the •.
tamed in your letter of the 2.Mh ot
l|>rU, I am quite prepared (a rewtn.
mead the Minister of Ijtbor tbnt bn appoint a communion to In veal Irate lh«
mallera under dUpnt*. IVovldH.
hewerer, yMt ar# willing to a««ept the
»hkh hold* the contending claase** to.i
It may be that aome hatf.baled -gto^
Inllut Ik voicing revolntlonary ,ihi,ii»«,»
In Winnipeg   We donbt It.    We kn iw !
lii»lvo dollars t» to Imagtnp thlnga. t that a hunch of work* r» who tttt' nl.lv
.!< hn Swintttti «l » |»r***» dltini'r In Xew to he* p their hrada fn *pite of the «■%.
' *    Mondar.   Ma?   t».  the   Vane««fer itmvoeatnre nttttt. with ih» portodteal
iDwIty Protlne* t»rr*t«l ttrer tmtt tttx.;nt.o tinto in>*u> mtl^nttho*i    v*** h«* •
i York, half n «w»t«ry aso, «»«! harsher treme provocation Jo which ihey are
JeJRW, "t* pf.f^-ft', '.-■> 'ilVt'y., I* :b<k.t ,*%u.i*i(U-l. tt',11 ft;*. s.K*;-u i*."j
;tt» outfight " fn onr Imeal pr**n'" mMdl-* h*>«d from thMr own r*n'*« *i
I scare the dear. l«i»g»*«BI«»rl»g |>«b. pn cl|0tat« trouble. W« prefer tt tw-
Undtim* n* *ntb <*mm\atbm, I nmtd j tle mi 0f flt(B ntginn' »k<>p hy n flaring Move that the pr**« l« twlatlns and por.
tnrlhet recommend to him that no of., hw^Hw, "SUttitet Covernment !*«>■ v«rtl»e nttwine-e* <»f ntrikt* *mo*nt«
Aemrneonimted with thia »«<•«> "hontd jr,gJm^ |B Winnipeg" llorlbte? Home |», an ettort to *t»tl iwmHhleg We,
have linytbltiglo do with l,h*<» iuvifstiju*- {om q^^ to tm% , f,^^^ ^ pteten. ■ tn*k all ««cljiti*t» to form a pio** t np.»
ttoa or tta Radinga. which would then i f»„„ nf m„w-, *n h,,,,! Hn>i«»«< **** • ei** to******* ***** ******** ♦«
.- tm*»**> tm. t*ituttf,*tt*ii tu tenet* nt in*
,!..irM-j.V|;    i.T   i J...    i.tW
^tt   M ..        ..^     iawa of newa which detierihed dreamy»««d of it Hie IhMat had tor th* nm
^STfUtJSL lalSLf •SlSS W*"«»e" «» Wlaaliwf at thst dread
thtt that* been emdltahtr^Infomed]hmt (feat TtJa  ntaler woUntedf
tt*. * -.«.#.! .t*titm i MWi ^ ,w» »» »••*' "» *■• motwtootnm omm,,
tot a swral tint* I can** ten »>^imUn (tmf^ nwn (wrf m mmtett.\
order thia afternoon at tfcree o clock, i , mM ^^ „m iU rtw tnm% wm
In a atone'a throw of tha polk* atatkm,
iNfwfM. ttt <v-i fWi.ii...\*** * '** •**** l*B-11 **• C,lr l,,Ur
inracior at x-mi upenxten* j #f#ftto(r g %nm f^ttmmmt  A tm.
AaftMMtMtiadiif'a^ that tt wmM i«r»*t »«»tlM»»a waa tbn principal i
h5 an Smuw-HrthlWH lo tM>e*»» ihf. off#^f menbto.  Thew was nn dlnmdtr, wm*
rmUOnet In IbH htbnr,««10 ***** to ] ***«H«*.   Two !*?»•«*«'.*«*« ** tbn
af»»tth**)adlBS»o*tlHB«>«»»«*laon'citr eewacfl w«t» ta he IwrttH fn alt
tth^h was ta Im appetot**! trim €»**.]«« tlw •atiei tmotbtoj- tte pamae its,
•a was to »H»»t7 ond emr ***k t» ttmltrnttoan tmt Ah**mt lo this Method et
mnono aai lastrast tho MUUter ol U-'laaasalallst a Sotlat dlmtorr «*» and
beam la f«H as hut m bn pk«aat,{alNrilcaf«aMrai»awMMacai»tf».
0*xt*t *n> »*e» I* ****** tO* lemma t ****X ***t**P*0 «U*Ui*« » ttaUi.
I**to«i At! whkh kaa ntmoty bimlrbo nthna* lad l«<m Httttotmi fnr
ropmdlaled hy nearly aH nrganlted te-lwe#lr« hy Hnelallnlk'tirnnnn rircalated.
Ins tan**. It wffl W wmlttm tlnl Mr. Itmoe oomty aarf nibm* mtt^OtMrnOy,,
AttnOtrntm wna nttt boot «a rMwjfnla-jtkr-wth the »t.r«*et« ef Wim-ip**.. bernm
Mtaalyth*e*aannakatlMia(tke»*ta proteata ttnm retarwed toUkra hate
Yoara faithfally.
«Hr mtyrr nkamimh j
Th* raited Mate* emetipea trtm^
Ihe flreat War 1% n position ot «». \
precedented economic power.   Its ms:
Aawttea waa ttlll a horrowtnc nation. <
In f*l* *h* It lh* eredttor of the nott*.''
Tl* vtwperxy et other nation* *!«•
bi-avfiv rttftnitneod lo' wnr d**!*** Tbt* ■'
di'lul td Great Britain omkl* 1**1 i*t|
ttmt of her total wealth. The deht of j
llel)' ia W.4 pt* **ot, the -WW ot,
Vttmto HO pot t*oi.; lb* *»h< of I'twr-,
nwby '■** awr mmt. and tbat oi .Aaatrta..
Ifnanrarr ♦* t*r «wnt et tbo ««•.
tbn Vmrted itataw tet tensed tte!
-Ufi^'a a total ot nln* and a ttoarttt Wl-",
HMD*.. <Bht 1mM* a mmmm *• si. ■
mmt ten p*t t*t*t of ihelr mh* wealth. I
Tte   net   wentt*   nf  ftmat   Brnntn
iManifest destiny is calling the Uni.
ted States to take her position as the
greatest financial imperialist nation on
earth. Her economic future possesses
all the allurements that vast wealth
and unchallengable power ean cum.
mand. In a few—in a very few years
—there will be, not a "Big Five;" not
a "Big Three." but a "Big One," and
that one will be the United States.
The bankers already have recognized
this fact. They have accepted It I:,
the person ot Thomas W. Lamont,
member of the firm of .1. P. Morgan *£■
Co., financial advisor to the American
peace delegation in Paris; and leader
of the group of international bankers
that is to be responsible for the Chinese loans.
The  economic   supremacy  of   tho
United States i% not a theory   It is i
fact.   Manifest destiny la directing the
Ship of State.    Isolation  has  been
abandoned. Tho theory that American
diplomacy could not be expected to
bnck American Investments has beon
forgotten,   Admlnlstratlxix oflielats and j
(landers nuree on the principle and on !
ihti pracli x'    The i »il(-.! Ststes i> ••> I
bw the moiiey.U'tuU-r of the world!        j
Thus far, It is the hankers who.
have spoken, these plana arc bankers' *
plans. The people are ptill to bej
heard from. j
What do Uie American people think j
of Imperialism?   Are they content to •
pay thc price?   Are they willing toj
Kupport n huge navy; eqolp nnd main.!
tain a tarme stnndlng army; hind them- ]
reives In alliances with fur«l«tti pow-,
or*; -enxae*^ In p«tty -quarrels; partici.'
pate in d»VBniinst war*. giv» ih'tr tn-
ther«, husbands and »on« for cannon
f«;dd< r; laJn.r, tiwtut, produce ibo lm-'
tnen»e Ktirplu* of wealth that will ba
needwl to *upply the dpmand for A-
tncrk;tn capital?   Ar-.*- thry satisfied - ',
the nta*i«ps of the people—to live nar.
r»iw lives In narrow hottaea, while t^e I
owt.era of wealth arnt the holders of'
power wallow In luxury?   Are lhe A.
tniTlcan people n ad> tn p^y this priee?
Othem have lw><>n willing to pay.
Tlui Itouiaii teurkera paid.   ft> did tho
»ork«:f4 ot Franro.   The l»rjti*fci work*
tr* hove l»een payine for more than a ;
. .      *.■      * i.    .  >■**   , ** * i*.    *,,"*■»
%**.it,t,ii       .*»v*i*    tht     *,.*,,*   i*.    '..,.     ,.,—   I
\::v.i  v.-f,-r!*.i*r bxf. • •-fif--
To th" people of America, at to e*«*ry
«i»Imr f«mplre, F»f«* hn* pr*«n»««d thia
q«*r«ftort,- "Th** fftffitf-rm of all HW "
t'trlttpn hy K K. Millar.*
fu«iit.  th- mad ot lime tb»- rannt ^
X*,*1t  Xt*%»1, ,*   If   »**1   -**•* *    •  •   lHlr -     \,,*
I  »f'rh»v nation tnvn* wob rlnrinj*'
Ih* nwmater ro**. the **umt«i*r Moot;
al hey
\ed h»"*Td »V rMdl*' '*'MI t* *^*»*
to aar
Wten Idlers feaat and totJera lack for
Vaanawer mm*: n a-tino!'** •?**>? "»-
*t««d *
Toll that tte «phtm ted fie'r*  I
nno1b»r prrr
Kmirtre tm etnirtre fell, the n»mtt*m \
<tfri '■
I'lintiiwi-rt-a.  and   safliij   mir   ,■- ott«i;
land bear* |
Ht M*k**4    Mi* bear*,  b*t tip* bait
Apart with wttt
To npie-tk; ret ate 1* •Meat and apn*ar» -.
To ten in «ndd*n doubt Iwtst two re.
Skill **w*r dtnwa tte Op/Max with
bal«fnl *ym,"
>,■;•.■»•«« dteHa' »*, to'tmi tt* \tr»t
W%. tte nuntfeat desfhsf of i»p*r
mtfaai and world donn«i»>t ttet entt**d
To The Secretaries Of All
in District 18
0. M. W. of A.
The District Ledger believes that it
deserves a wider measure of encouagement
from the membership.
There should be an immediate increase
in circulation, not only because of the fact
money is needed but because more and more
w.orkers should be kept closely in touch with
the ideas of the progressive forces of the
■      V
We appeal to all secretaries, or others interested
to bring this matter to the attention of the membership
at once. There is scarcely a camp where more than
twenty-five per cent ofthe membership has subscribed.
A few camps have done very much better.
Do it today or at your very first meeting. It is
a part of your share in the big struggle that is now
convulsing the whole world.
We have not the time to write to individuals and
trust that all interested will take this as a personal
The District Ledger
Ot    we
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■ I       :Su«ilJR PAGE EIGHT
Vancouver's Demands
^  v (B. C. Federationist, May 30.)
The Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has taken up the
gauntlet thrown down by the government. On Wednesday fining
a special meeting of the council was held, and the Winnipeg situation thoroughly discussed. As a result it was d<^ided that a general
strike vote be taken by the affiliated unions, the returns to be in the
hands of the executive by Sunday evening at 9 o'clock. All local
unions are being asked to call special meetings for the purpose of taking the vote. The strike is to take place on Tuesday morning at 11
o'clock if the vqte is favorable, with the exeception of the men engaged, in the operation of the street railway system, who will cease
work on Tuesday at midnight.
Thiirdays night at the regular meeting of the central body, the
executive recommended that the following seven demands be the minimum on which the strike will be settled, the council taking the
stand that all the questions raised in the recommendations needed
to be settled and they might as well be settled while tlie trouble is
ou and save any further delay in their settlement.
Aims of Labor in the General Strike
Realizing that white there are many problems that face the
workers that cannot be solved under capitalism, and that the end
of that system is not yet; also realizing that the present situation is
a political one, due to tin- action of the Dominion Government in the
Winnipeg strike, ami tliat as the taking care of the soldiers who
were disabled, and the dependents of the men who have died ou
the fields of France and Flanders are working class problems, tlie
majority of the soldiers being members of the working class, therefore be. it resolved that the following lie the policy of the workers
of Canada flow on strike, or about to come on strike in support of the
Winnipeg workers:
1. The re-instatement of the postal workers who struck in Winnipeg. •
2. The immediate settlement of the "postal workers1 grievances.
3. The right pf collective bargaining through any organization
that the workers deem most suited to their needs.
4. Pensins for soldieds and their dependents on the basis laid
down by the soldiers'organizations.
f/.   The minimum recompense for service overseas by the granting
of the sum of $2,000 gratuity.
6. The nationalization of all cold storage plants, abattoirs and
elevators, with a view to removing the evil of hoarding of foodstuffs.
7. The enactment of legislation to provide for the six-hour day
in all industries where unemployment is prevalent.
Failing the grantitiif of these demands by the Dominion Government, the workers continue the strike until the present government resigns and places these matters before the electorate.
A writer in the Winnipeg Free Press says:
As there seems to be considerable speculation among the members
of this page as to what a Bolshevist really is, perhaps I could clear
of the page as to what a Bolshevist really is, .perhaps I could clear
tlie air a little by, quoting parts df an article which stated that the
writer had put the question tip to W. G. Sheppard. "What Breeds
Bolshevism?" Mr. Sheppard is famous as a war correspondent and
saw the start of the revolution in Russia. He knows Russians of all
political and economic views. He understands how Bolshevism originated in tlie land of its birth.
That makes him peculiarly fitted to -write on the subject. Mr.
Sheppard's reply is as follows: Hunger, injustice, persecution and
resultant from these, auger. Get people mad, give them a groucli at
something and you have the germs of Bolshevism.
That's the way it was in Russia under,,the czar,
with a good cause. , \
Mr. Sheppard goes on to say tliat "plain members of the Baptist church hi 1913 officials took the notion that Baptists were anti-
czar. Police watched their meet ings. They wouldn't let the preachers read the bible: were not even allowed to celebrate Easter."
The workers of Prance gave a sig.
nifl?ant exhibition of power on May 1st
by folding their arms, and ceasing, to
work. Factories were Shut down; railroad trains stopped temporarily; taxis
no longer rushed about the busy Paris
streets; lights wers cut off for a short
time in the morning; hotel waiters
took a day of rest. The results of th?s
general tie.up were startling.
. The Big Three,—masters of the fate
of the-world—walked to work. The
leading diplomats laid in a supply of
food on the 30tih of April and had a
cold breakfast on the first of Hay. 'lhe
workers ceased to work and even the
masters of the world's destiny found
themselves no stronger than thait
hands and nO faster than their feot.
The workers would do well to learn
this lesson,—that breakfast is as necessary to diplomats as it is to coal min.
ers; that a Supreme Court Judge sits
in a chair no larger than .that in the
ordinary barber shop; that the suit of
clothes worn by the bank president is
as necessary to his welfare as the suit
of overalls worn by\he locomotive en-
Also "college professors: they couldn't talk freely to their class- gineer; and that the men who produco
es without danger of being transferred „to Siberia. * '* * There was I these necessary goods and services are
principle of collective bargaining.
o. The introduction of a real policy
pf food control.
4. Immediate commencement of
public works to meet the problem of
unemployment.  A-'-."
■...—.—_—o—-—• '
.■WASHINGTON*,. May 31.—Former
President Taft, William J eimings
Bryan, Secretary Lane, Speaker Gil-
lett and other public men today announced approval of a project for a
great national conference in Washington to insure industrial peace.
The Washington Star, which pro.
posed tfie conference, will publish the
indorsements of these and others tomorrow. -    ■>
The purpose of the conference is to
"obtain some general agreement" be.
tween capital and labor as to the
rights and obligation of each, to the
1 ','■• it friction between them-may
bo reduced.
more Bolshevik seutinieiit in Russia under the czar than there is today under Lenine and Trotzky."
Further, Mr. Sheppard said, "Wherever injustice was greatest
in Russia, wherever people liad the greatest cause for anger and tbe
best reason for holding a grudge, there the.Bolshevik call found the
largest following."
The policy has been wired to every central body in the Dominion* and to the government at'Ottawa.
Late in the evening, after the council had decided upon its policy, J. W. Elrick of the Postal Workers of Winnipeg, addressed the
council.   He stated that the strike ennnnittef. in Wiimip-eg_hfl4-/W
cided to spread the truth as to the situation by sending out ten members of organized labor throughout the eountry, and that he had
called at Regina and Calgary on the way up. He stated that at Regina there was little interest until the situation was placed before
the workers, in the true light, but that at Medicine Hat the workers
were solid, aud tliat Calgary was all out with the exception of ono or
two locals. Dealing with the Winnipeg situation, he stated that the
trouble was brought about by the metal and building trades councils.
Later the employers of the metal trades, including the Dominion
Bridge Company and tlie Vulcan Iron Works, had made some effort
to arrive at a basis of negotiations, but the financial interests stepped
in and took the matter out of the hands of tlie ironmasters, who were
in the hands of the linanciul interests, not having capital of their
own. Referring to the committee of l,000f which was supposed to be
handling things in Winnipeg, he stated that there was only six or
seven individuals on the committee, mul that at no time liad more
than this lieen seen to enter the rooms where they met, and on the
municipal and provincial authorities failing to handle the .situation,
the Dominion Government had been appealed to. He said that the
financial interests had decided to establish a soviet government and
handle things, but the strike was pulled too quick for theni. Baker.-*!
and milkmen had been allowed to work, and cards were given to them
hy the strike committee This aroused the ire of tho employers, who
stated that *<» long a* the cards were in forco there would be no chnm-e
of negotiations. and that lhe strike nimniittee weie asked if they were
-so ainail as to allow tin* eards to prevent negotiations Iw'.uy; <i|><-ued,
bnt nothing was done by tlie employers to bring about fi. e.uifareuee.
He stated thnt everything was orderly, the strikers staying nt home
or attending the union meetings, lu spite of this everything had been
done to have military rule established, but that tbls bail in.t yet V*«u
accomplished. Later a communication was sent by the •'mployers,
aaking for a conference, The men replied, giving names of the rep.
ntseiilni !**>«•» *>i iniior lo tit tend iii1- -roiifeieie'e. Ml". Klrtek read the
strikers' letter to the employers, and also read a letter received in
reply from the employers, which stated that no offer for negotiations
had been made. Dealing with the issue, be stated it was to secure
thc right of collective hargaiiutu;, and tbat as thing* were going too
•month for the liking of th« employer!, the Federal Government was
asked to take eharire. Ile appealed for the assistance of organized
labor in Vancouver, stating tbat since the Minister of f*ahor and Mr.
lidgiieii luol been in \Viiiiiip"g, nothing bad been done with Ihe exemption of ititKreprcM-htatiou nud confusion a* to the situation, lie
slated lhal there wer,- thirty ih< iIioumimI worker*, organized and
tinorg»m/*th out oil strike, and that not wnr* than *2«» per eent had
gone hark lo ibe po»t ,*mmm. Jn eonelurimg. be stated that Winnipeg ^ ^
always looked with re»p««el on any projhedtiou titui».*.Ui,t ft..so Win-
-HWVei. and Would weleoitte the a««i«tanee of organised htiwir oh the
fount ut llli-* thai-.
is signed, patriotic Sir Tliomas AVhite says that the Canadian treasury
will not stand the strain of a two thousand dollar gratuity to returned men, although this gratuity had been recommended and endorsed by a majority of returned soldier organizations throughout
Canada. Sir Thomas has practically told the returned soldiers to
go to hell. Millions for the profiteers—sackcloth and ashes for returned men.
In taking this stand Sir Thomas will no doubt have the united
support of his friends—railway magnates, food trust promoters and
controllers and profiteers. They will pat him on the back. " 'At a
boy!" "You are right, Sir Thomas," they shout. Didn't we pay
them a dollar and ten cents per day for flighting. What more do
they want?" "Yes," says an old soldier, "and they even charged
up the dead soldiers for their rubber blankets in the early part of
the war."
The returned soldiers' organizations will perhaps say: "Sir
Thomas, you have evidently forgotten that there would have,lieen
no Dominion treasury, no Canadian railway magnates, food trust,
controllers or profiteers, if we hadn't beaten the Huns." The stand
returned boys thinking. He must be in league with the profiteers,"
they say. These ghouls, who have made hundreds of millions of
blood money since August, 1914, seem to have the protection of Sir
Thomas and his advisers. How many millions have these leeches
made in Canada ?   Why not confiscate this ill-gotten wealth and di
vidFTTaraong tlie returnecTmen and their dependents?   The proff-
really the masters and not the servants
of the titled rulers of the world.
CHICAGO, June 3—The United
States will be in the grip of a coal
famine within 60 or 90 days with
prices in* excess of the highest wartime figures, unless consumers immo.
diately enter the market with more
orders. The prediction was made by
J. D. Morrow, general director of dis.
tribution for the coal administration.
Lack of fuel orders, # grave labor
situation, curtailment of production
and insufficient railroad facilities
were advanced as the causo for the
expected famine and high prices
Coal buying at present is comparatively small. Consumers are holding
off because they look for lower prices
and are using up their surplus stocks.*
Due to the lack of buyers, many
coal mines are producing 50 oercent,
normal. During tho next few months
the mines will lose about 40,000 workers, Mr. Morrow estimated, when the
foreign born element will return to
EDMONTON, May 30.—The local
strike committee in a statement issued this morning, repudiates the edt-
tiorial in the Edmonton Free Press,
the oillclal organ of the Trades and
Labor Council, advising organized la.
bor to return to work, and declares its
determination to continue the strike.
"We are out for a principle," says
the -statement, "and mean to stay out
Don't bother with coal fires as the days
grow wartper
No. 1 Tamarack $3.00 per rlck-
Also big stock of good summer wood
Phone No. 69
The position of Doctor in Michel,
B.C. is open for Tenders. Doctors ap.
plying will state the amount per man
per month. The mines employ 520
men, with about 50 others who will
sign up. Doctor to furnish Hospital
and equip same, also residence ad.
joining. Every requisite to be fur.
nished by the doctor. Tenders to be
in to Secretary H. Beard, Michel, not
later than *May 28th, 1919. Contract
can be secured for two or three years.
Families of employees to come under
contract. —10.2t*
Pre-emption now confined to surveyaA
ands only. "'->■
Records will be granted covorlnff only
i.iixitl -suitable for agricultural  purpose* "
f.ni which Ig non-Umber land.
Partnership pre-empttons abolished,
but parties of not more than four mar
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions, wit*
j-ji!.*i residence..but ench making nocen-
9ury improvements on respective claims.
. tTe-emptora must occupy claims for
livo years and make improvements to
value of 510 per acre. Including clearlrff
and cultivation of at least 5 acres, be-
fore receiving Crown Grant. *, ,
-." Where pre-emptor in occupation not
loss than 8 years, and has made propor-
tioi-iiue improvements, he may, * becalm* ■'
oi Ill-health or other en use, be granted
intermediate certificate of improvement
and transfer his claim.
Koeords without permanent residence
may be issued provided applicant make*
Improvements to extent ot $300 per an-
,ium and records same each-year. Fall-
are to make Improvements , or record
wnt will operate as forfeiture. .Title*
cannot be obtained on thesc^ claims in
Ufes than 5 years, with improvements of
$10 per acre, including 6 acres clearr4
and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years.
Pre-emptor holding Crown Grant may
record another  pre-emption.  If he  re-
?ulres, land in conjunction with . hl»
arm., without actual occupation, provided statutory Improvements made and
residence maintained on Crown granted
tlnsurveyed areas, not exceeding Ztf
acres, may be leased as homesltes;
title to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
Pw grazing and Industrial purposes,
areas exceeding 640 acres may be leased
by one person or company,
The scope of this Aot ts enlarged te
Include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The tlm*
within which tho heirs or devisees of a
deceased pre-emptor may apply for
title under thts Act Is extended from
one year from tha death of such person,
as formerly, until one year after th*
oonclusion of the present war, This
privlloge Is also made retroactive.
ACT. ■•
Provision la made for the grant t»
persons holding uncompleted Agreements to Purchase from the Crown of
such proportion of the land, If divisible,
as the payments already made will
cover in proportion to the sale price of
the whole parcel,, Two or more persona
holding such Agreements may group
their interests and apply for, a proportionate allotment jointly. If it is not
considered advlsabVs to divide the land
covered by an application for a proportionate allotment, an allotment of land
of equal value selected from available
Crown lands ln the locality may be
made. These allotments are oondltkn|U
upon payment of all taxes due the
Crown or to any municipality. Thit
rights of persons to whom the purchaser from the Crown haa agreed to
■ell are also protected. The decision of
the Minister of Lands tn respect to the
adjustment of a proportionate allotment
udss app
Uoh for these allotments Is limited to
the lst day of May, Mil.' Any application made after this date win not he
considered. These allotments apply to
town lots and lands of the Crown MM
at puhlie motion.
lw lafonnatlon apply to any Provta*
sia) Qevemment Agent or to
Deputy Minister of Lands,
VtotertaTl. a. '
Where everybody goes—
the Coolest Place in Town
teers of Canada have outdone Morgan and Kidd. Returned men express themselves in very bitter terms. Is this the freedom that sixty
thousand Canadian supermen gave tlieir lives'in France and Belgium
and 200,000 more maimed ior life?
There are thousands of Canadian men who saw active service in
France and Belgium who' were 50 years old when they signed up.
Many have returned and are absolutely unfitted for work through
disability and age. Owing to ailments contracted overseas they can
not take up land and are debarred from taking advantage of Government assistance. But Sir Thomas, backed by his railway magnates,
food trust promoters and profiteers, dole thein out pensions ranging
from twb and a half dollars to ten dollars per month. A country's
gratitude. Yo gods. The Government promised them protection
when they returned home.   Huns outdone Canadians'.
Why should au oftieer, who was too cowardly to consent to go
with his comrades to France, receive a greater pension than the old
man of fifty who volunteered uud did his duty on the firing line?
Why should not these old veterans, many of whom are disabled
through wounds and disease contracted ot tlie front, get it two thousand dollar gratuity to help them into somo little business! Fruit
stands, cigar stands aud many other small businesses, now run by
foreigners, would then In- replaced by our aoldiera, nnd thfrir families
would thus be ensured of a fair iivihood. But Sir TIioiiuh say* the
Canadian trtfcaury wou't stand the strain. This treatment makes
Bolsheviks.   Surely Sir Tliomas is not a Bolshevik propa^at'dnd.
There is now n now war, dark and menacing, looming on the
horizon. Organization, co-operation, determination by the returned
nun mid labor is ueeeMotry to confront and overthrow this class nieu-
in-f in Canada. It is time for all laboring men aud returned Mildiers t >
lw up ami doing. Much has already been done on this line. Still
wi- are only on the threshold. A solid voting unit of returned men
ami IhImt would give the returned men a majority of rcpiiMeiitO'
lives in civic, provincial nml federal government*. Then, patriotic
Sir Thomas ami his band of railway magnates, food trtwt controller*
and profiteer* would be for<ed to disgorge. Returned men and their
ucjH'iidtnt ones ami the laboring clauses would com.' Into tbeir own.
There is certainly something wrong with the administration at
Ottawa when it admits that the Dominion treasury will not stand
the *fniin of a two thousand dollar gratuity to the soldiers who fought
the great tight and who wtved the treastirv from Hun spoliation.     ,..,„...      .      ,.**..    .
..     Vi i '     * -i    . •  . • *%t*1*d tn Knglnmt stnw-t th* mM<t!# «t *,
>«t the if.nvimmtit i* gwyiiig out large *uiin daily to maintain n- (in, ^g^t^nth wntarj, «nU that «tit*
eon*!ruction board* which, judging from reimrt*, are far from com-
How many private* art among tbr ptnontttl cf ttwHt board*?
-ifuih growth i-ti}Ht!i*lf>1«! f»»r th«**c >.mditioii* must be <ut
11 Str Thorns* ainl tb«> t-lMMt be i-<>prv*e)it« woiibT |
form a labor policy big enough, broad
enough, and far.seelng enough, to
The statement then goes on to say
that the city uilities employees re-
meet the present situation."
turning tO work will have no effect on
the strike situation, ft claims that,
the basic trades will remain out until
some definite and satisfactory solu.
tion Is in view, and suggest the fol.
lowing points for the settlement of
the strike in this city and in other
uam of the country as follows:
1. An amicable settlement of the
Winnipeg dispute.
2. -Government  recognition of the
Will the League of Nations bonefit
lnbor? Tho workers; the nine.tcnths;
the plain people, who fight wars, suffer poverty and sweat under oppres.
»lon,—wiI! tho League of Nations an.
awer their cry for holp?
The plain people want pence, broait,
enlightenment, liberty. These things
and these alone are benefits. The
Ia>8«ii« of .Nations will provide none
of litem.
The five states whlrh dominate thc
League of Nations are capitalist em-
plrep In ea<*h of which the Industrie*
aro run for the private proQt of a
fnvflrcd few,
Capitalism eannot bring peace be.
cause It is based on the principle or
war. The League of Nat tons Is a
league or capitalist governments; not
a leagtut of free -peoples. Capltall-M
governments In the oast have waged
•h,>r ta tilt liuMtl ilhiikwl*., nud ufw-u
tbe time Is rlp#, they wil! do It again. I
Tlrpad. nnder esjiHatloro. r<w»« nnt to'
those who moke It but to those who
ean pay for It,—tho property owner*
The worker, with hia ptttancm wag***.
, ennnot tiny hack what he produces.
The property owner, with his ample in- j
coma of rent, Interest and dividends
lives upon the fat of the land,  t'apl
tnlUm today Is built on the same har-1
baric system of exploitation that haa
FRIDAY and SATURDAY, June 6th and 7th
Matinee Saturday at 3:30 p.m.
Mary Pickford
"Amarily of Clothes
Line Alley"
Greater than "Rebecea
of Sunny brook Farm"—
Greater than "Stella,
■■Maris"—Mnry' will tell
why she preferred to marry a bartender uud resume
iHrr old trade of amil>*
„ MARy P1CKFOUD tZ  n society youth.
* Amanllu of Clotkfline Alley*
Regular Admito-iion
MONDAY and TUESDAY, Jute tfth and 10th
Pauline Frederic
"La Tosca"
FRIDAY and SATURDAY, June 13th and 14th
Doughlas Fairbanks
"Reaching For The.Moon"
Don't fail to wtt Dong at hii bait'
today In Japan, Italy. France and thm,
* I'nitod tttnlo*    That ««*!#•» wltl «rtr«»*
{the worker neither a fair »h*r»> of
jfertad nor any of the other *rct>noin ,
jlr op{NirtHnltl#i of life,   tie ayttentt
Tite United Church
ntuov. C. v« MMtaoM. Wtamttnr
A Fta» for the Returned Man-from "tho Orttte,' Vanewvcr
"\ ot*e tlii» \***t*\*U' f»n** liefore mf *'%'** in the livery **f wretehed*
Itt'uM and »Kititi«-;*l <ubi*Utf;Ji<»it.. fmtt'I'-'il -and lutoi/rv. iMIilfuHy  iMtlhi'l"-
ing lhe ertim»« that wealth to*v* itwiltin*!y to it. i lost arid wander
iiif In riot and «b«* ititita,i-*M!i«»» «»f •* WulWi, mmrj, ao\o«r joy; and
I rvmember lhat thtm* !ir«!ali»d faw** bear the finger-print »f Ihni,
thc mark **t llu- swim*- mtteion ** *mr own.  I lift «f»ilf to U» tWon
•T tlw tntm and bahold the ptttpU riling in itt mtjuty, brothm it
mm faith, out bond ol equality *»<* to** m* Witi of ciiu*n ftetp*
that wttt gtmn fn beatrty tnd aright: »** i*r*rA* nt th* future, w*
apoiit hy luxury, tmg*niih-4 hy H-rftehi-tlrn'm, oottl hy ih- t'omi'Htw*
tmm of it* right* ami dnl W«. —Hanrini.
.Ji»i»** JkmontU that tW reltitne.1 mm, fvarttmlarty thn** «h«
mm mm*4 for mmm! tafcwir Ihfwnfh Wi»« maimed at Ihe front
fn fwWfnf firm nwrW Jhmhmthm, nhtmW ho r*rotf*~t**\ htr lhe ■tal*'
t« the teat dollar in the treomry.  i'eoodn'n tkmm. "*** l** *•"
ami tbn \M Mlnr," tthottM W lit*! up t».   Yet, even hefore peaee
mv more alien- j"111* ",wn tr''^ out 'ur 8«ncratloa», and,
,  ,, ,, „ ..       ,'•,, s to his morrow tho worker knowt it for i
tam fi» nholfohing pmerty nmntifr the norkint? e!n««e*t and the n*• „,|m( uty, |
tun-.I men and their families innlead of eat« rinjr to the flnaneial]   Will iho Ueaneo nt \af!on» «lw *«. f
p.i.., i.ki.i in»»J* aiol ttr*tMv*'t% ami a«M» in removing Ute <»«rrier«. that t mtn***m*M to xo* worker**   i«»*s g,
Set-vlccs, Sunday, Juac 8,1919
11.30 a.m.     "Hmttrlng ancl I*if«M
7.30 p.m.  "Th« Oaf» Without a Matt"'
12.15' p.m.        Snbbath School
*   Zt-9 9   *i**i*4MM  T*l    mf***
a *-*      * *
• • ».iw» *****
•hvi<h» lh.- itilfereiit «ee||tiiet til the limtniiiKifi, (Miverly, whieh inti**'
nIti ihir f-iiU-KhU-hmonl J* l*~.i,4 *ptrnoi * *•
mttt: timmritmimomaimtm^m'i
tinr»'»»t titid breeila lMiUhevimn Would »Milt di*ap|.e:u in the Iltimiiiiini. I hy iMi»Wn»l miUm**.    Ar* dim* mt*
The old party lit**, wilh if« eorttmt *y«tem, nml government po- «<*» »«Htlit«alai Japw? Art tbey j m%MmUj w„j, tm ot
i- .    . «• . *■■. *■      e     i   , w mi      , ■l,t*a«fte« knrtwwoa* In rr»e«#*   '"* 'in union there 1# airea
l»lt-*l IrovU,  vthioh -*>iip*|»])l>«. <t«iTU|»lw»ti  fnnn!* b*' iiiillte«i«. will  not-,.,,,.        ,..    .  ,„,,,,.      „    - w umiuh mimx* m m«*i
- .... . . 9..   mt. . .*      ,. .   ' -tno* vam tumonmm ^
mlhty the r»>turnei| ttoldiera nr labor.  Mir Thom»» and hi* eolleagne** The rr#n«h A-M-tatiat paper* MU) eo«i* ,^,-1, nbertt?   Arn t
Vitmm inxi ajf thty hai* 4m* ll Sa
one aifferw«c9,—
«atlify the reltinieil soldiers iir lal»or.   -Hir Thom»» tlitl hi* eolieagne** The Vt*n*b *-t*'.nUnl paper* MU) eo«i* p^jp^ Ubertyi   Arn the starter* of
muat plav the gam*;   "Ring out the old: Ring in she mw* *   tair <» «•>* I*«»lt*al matt with gn-M Mw- ,^ \-mM4 sutea wt*m to nttmd to
»M|a#« itnliiatrtel patent t«n»t be built up.111 a Inw»« of jitttiee. truth.i^*^^*!^^^^iSTlnJ^ "^ *><h#r '^to"".*!** #-^!|ll!,tt '"^
.    1 .. « * 11      »   i- » . _.  1     , *'«* maalora npmatMax «ali«MCBin«Ri, #ffy ^ f^^vtt. I-odlow. W»he» anil
eonuiom aetiar, matwil *>«i|»athy and fellow feelinir.   Returned m1-;M the  IniiM mntenf   They bet*-t^wtomon9   tb* Hbttly nt IWII Ilay.
drew and their fat&Hie* mtwi unite with lali«»r ami fight and vole Ma*k«t«d #r#rr ortante«4 avew* of ;m<sw| ^ Vwm0f, Kat* tniat* •«<!
lor the aame ideal.,   their intern*!.* are mutual,   it ia lime to au^i- ,^«^ ^^^^".L^S «l*mm V' *****   WtU mW* *™
9     . ...... * onm woo try to u-raiBtaaio una «»m». ^j—_ in^***-1* *%* m*
wtmttn   Ut m w-t readv for the «** ahead    f mtr m*m «p. -^ ^ lM m iif twA m f,,,t ^IJ^ST,^,  Wl„ H?,
iitxwi "mum have to !«■ mnl om mmm right,   ml m muir nil oor n*e to t«*atr year* ter tbeir pxiwm t^'^ gonwa Hhartr ■»<»• the
fi^i atvd ewl for all lirte the railway and tmtl ttwtn-+onl\*tiit*<*'n* tnpltnlm mnitom* vnii*d are mm *miSma*
the |vr..f||een» hloott-WKWiey—ami diaifihiit* it to tl» tle-K-rving re-,^mfv i1kmm^^xm mUl^mM MtvUa.;   t4*%Bf **** ****** ****** *»»«**
Limed men and ihetr familta, ««t mi Wdiyint and eamnaign fnn.U ,n»   rt** tmtm et mmm ntta mt ^ft****J^f1 l*Mgl*!?^ — -*—
«-»,h| nmfeef aU who on* ht not**, awl, If ooommrf. g?t»* a *r* !**»-l *» ■*** »* «tt1*tnm t»# mm ibnw - «■■" •" SliiirSL
Mud dottar gratatty to dl rtttnwd mm who art ftiwhlrd *t mmhte j t^^^i^^^^^^*^ imtliii wawiiiinlt*!*
fo follow mantMl lahor. Ipraetka atglattallaa. iijmmIw tmb nmakw3
tko I^MHW
k***#*oa* tt
Pacific Ry.
& RETURN $1.15
Ow tntn wmry tnUirOty ami Owmtny
(Uny 21 ta Uptombnr tb tmhtnim)
Goot la ratvrn tmt lalar Utao Utttdtf
Dtotrtct Puw«nr Agnat, Calgary


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