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The District Ledger Oct 31, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Strength
No. 9, Vol. VIII.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0„ OCTOBER 31, 1914
im
I.Not Investigation Is Required
In This District. If we cut the Workers' wage, why not cut the wages of
others ?~The possessor bf too much should receive as much Investigation as the
possessor of too little.
u
Topay vs. C. N. P.
1 Goal Company
$2,500 Damages
/REASONS FOR JUDGMENT
Mr. Justice Macdonald
In this action the plaintiff seeks to
recover damages trom the defendant
comipany on the ground of the negligence of the defendant company, or in
the alternative, on the part of some
one of Its officials.
The plaintiff was employed on the
28th of .March, 101-1, as a car pusher in
the coal mines operated by th« d-eten-
tlant company at >Mlchel, BjC., and
while he was properly at work in tho
discharge of his duties, be was severely Injured by being thrown down
and crushed by a run-away car. It
appears at the tlifu6 when be was injured, he was engaged in signalling
the holstman. by means of a°bell for
that purpose, so as to regulate tlie
movement of certsjto'cars then oa an
Incline in No. 3 ifiiK    The .cars were
^
It has been oontlped tbat tho plain
tiff waa, cdntrary to the Social Rules
appertaining to this mine, not engaged
in hia proper, work at the time he was
injured.    There is to some extent conflicting testimony on this point.  Plata-
tiff^ examination for discovery, would
up to a certain question, No. 23, leave
you to suppose thut when he was engaged In tbls particular vocation, his
only Instructions were to go awl push
cars, but hia anawer to this question
appears to support the statement made
by Price, that he had been Informed,
that a. workman would be sent-to assist
Itlm ln his work, as he had claimed
that tho bell rope was too short to enable him to carry on hia work to ad-
v-ai.:?*-8». and thus ho called for assistance.     It appears that at the paint
where these  cars  were  being told
at tbe time of the accident, It was necessary  that the  signal  sfliould toe
given by the use of this bell «t novae
little distance .therefrom,    It wn* txlmo
stated by Price that both tlie fire boas
and pltboos saw the plaintiff asalftlng
In the way of signalling.     William
Roblniion, tiro pltboss. in not available
for the purpose of either contradicting or agreeing with this statement,
and oa 1 understand, la at present In
England.    The tire bo**. John Haney,
contradict* thin statement, and without 4a any **y reflecting upon bit
■eontredtctton, 1 am Inclined to the belief that a matter of this kind might
occur, without   bin   remembering it,
wtioneeo It wotM be Impreased upon
the wind of a, wwktwn- tbt fiitt tbat
bla boas -waa passing, one or of tonnr*-
at a time When he waa pursuing tht«
particular work.
go I Hnd tbat tbe plaintiff waa lawfully engaged lo bis work at the tlm**
when he wm Injured.
It It ttagbt to invoke tbe piwlgloni
of SptnM m\o So. 101 tpportatatag
to this mine, bat tbe plaintiff atatta
be timid aot read Bngllsh. Bvso H
bo had rtmt tho role, fn that portion
where the wpo-rider is not to allow
,W person tt rido en th* earn without
the pemtatlon of tbt manager, nor
allow anrono to give eUmnls wittoat
III* AtrrHOWTY; he might mvt In-
farm* Uut -Kit Authority" referred to
tho rapt rtder,
Tome aamnigg that tbo pHOnUtf
wm lawfully mA pwiwty ettgaige* la
hia «wfc at tbo Ua*. what were hit
flltfwt
IV .WM MMM Of UW-4 tiOfaoMl, W
to. ttettm. tmt tbt ooomm bo-
adds such a <|.u.ty cannot be got rid of
by delegating It to others; referring
in that connection to the liability of an
incorporated company being In the
same position as an Individual.
Relying on this state of tlie law,
the plaintiff attacks the system, adopt*
ed, aaid in use by tlie defendant company, in holding cars upon the incline
referred to, and also attacks the system, or rather the lack of system in
not liavlng proper inspection of such
places as might be dangerous throughout tihe mine.
It is hardly necessary for me to say
that coal mining is a dangerous occupation and requires on the part of
those engaged, whether they be officials or miners, a reasoiuaible amount of
care at leajst, and perhaps an extraordinary amount of care, Dealing
then on the basis of a reasonable am-
ouiiit of ca-re, the plaintiff alleges that
"the-TSymeattTrelerreu U» ur"h.oidtng"tne"
THE ASSIZES
tk* ernttom e»4 teettem !»•
[ o* tbe pert of tkt former ttt
Amy ot ttlclag raaaooaM* earn lo pro-
tbtM It mmm emtittoo and ao oaitr
m tm tmm m m ttt to wttltct tibttt
. ...f~~*    49^-   ^mamtu^tenm^m-t    ^-Mftfl^M
ompwyw w •Miwoiwnia»7  inus-m «
•tal xmmitttm Ameer emeem Oemtn
certainly it to bo mititi ttt rkik
lit «»•» eetgHefm f» emetine; or on-bom*
Mf tttiMfNV Tbw «i«to« of UN
HgncfaZ! wa* referred to nad followed
fa tit twptnmn Qnnrt et CnnoM bt
AtttHt m WeetloemMi ••# R *s mm
mm m Wtmtmtn ttettm mt* mo
MMNtr tf *• iittftr *
mm* lit mbemry Aetf At tbe
U, tn ttm ttm, tmmww, nt, tmrtt *n
—^_>^w *_* »»j iMH* i^m<m tew tbo
_mmm^^tWt^*m   Hv   •tAe*w*mP   _WmmWW-^^w    wrmt^tw^^   tmtmi    w-^^w
workman to work lw and a m and pee*
tPtm Wi^WttW Ml WBUPiW* mam*^^^Mw vn
i«f,niwraiwiktitowwk   Mttt«i
cars was negligent and' defective, and
that the -accident arose therefrom.
iLeavtng aside for the moment the
question of any Statutory liability or
obligation creaited by the Coal -Mines
Regulation Act, and dealing with the
system thus atta-cked, irrespective of
the statute, I find tbat the evidence on
behalf of the plaintiff, while perfectly
honest from the light of those giving
testimony, Is met and destroyed by
the evidence adduced on behalf of the
defendant company. I was at first inclined to view critically**} to the extent
of finding, tbat the syetem spoken of
in a general way aa tbe "pott system,"
wag an unsafe and defective way in
which to bold can under those circumstance*. I am, however, satisfied from
hearing the evidence, not only of the
offlldals of the company, but tbat of
Charles Graham, Superintendent of
the Corbin 'Mine, added to the fact,
that opportunity ia afforded to the
miners of complaining If any de-foc-
tlve ajTstcm of holding cam exists in
tbe mine, to Nnd that Uie system,
speaking of It generally, to not a negligent or defective ayatem.
I am also Impreased wltSk the tact
that Inspection of itiio mlnea la afforded not only to the men engaged, bat
is alao carried on by tba Oovtrantnt,
through itt twpectort. tad if tbt ayatem wm oo dtfoetirt and negligent aa
la now contended, it would bave beon
prohibited long before tbla: to dealing
with Uit ayatem oa ouUlned. I find In
tbe way mentioned     But Uio atate-
ment of Graham u to tbe anode in
wblch oan ahould bt bold, I And doea
not cofpaapond with tbo nvanne-r in
wbleb tbt oar* wart boM apon tbt
incline whoro tbt plaintiff wno employ-
od.   He contended that not only wat
tht pott system a good aystom, bat •
safer tytton than soma of ttett ee§*
tooted for hit conridanUoa.    He laid
atreoa upon tbt faet that** poot plaoed vertically in on Incline to Atop con,
woald aot tit eaately vtr-tieat,   but
would bt dkerted at It* bait, up ttt
inolltt, to tttt cur* coating down and
mt-Mlnf It, inatead of romoTtw ttt
closer than tt bad been beforo tbt lot-
pact look pUo*   Ttot dM not occur
In thl* caae. T tm otUtfltd that at
the oan camo to ttt pott orwtod by
Prico. they arffactad thn totA «a4 tw
•oltod tvtttttllr ta fm Imctlltl bv
tinttoy,   ttt   ftraiooa)   OMfjtog   tt|
t'AfintiiA—ifflftifiliiiiiif tit yAiittnf^    itttfm ttA
omtrm --w tmopnm      j^^^w^^am^^piP   ttm*   tmmw mr^^^pf^*      w^^*&   *^**w
mmt mttiMn.ee Okatvm. aod canted    tt
mW-twoe    *^uw wet^umw     ^^^^r * wm    *^r--w^b    -m^mm w w*^o ww
Atmm tto tt-tttoo. We ttM «tH« tt»
VftiMi if propttly sooptod twi a
•aft and propar aytlMk tt waa not
ooeoio^ Ma w
potattt
Xow wtt ttto ■tgBHiit mmemr nt
•UHaim • ptwpot tpemet Am m mm
et teememee. m wo* it eoeeeteem bt
The Supreme Court is still sitting
as we go to press, engaged on a charge
of arson against two women of the restricted district. The aharge arose
out of a fire that completely destroyed
the house of one Jessie Wiley, and she
•with Zada Marrs, are being tried charged with causing -same with intent to
d-kraud the insurance company. The
Grand Jury had been discharged, but
the judge ordered them to be summoned on Monday at 10.30 to consider
tihis case which Magistrate Whimster
had isent up to Uie higher court. They
returned a true bill and the trial of
accused is now proceeding.
Although there were three cases
of the capital charge, one, that against
Dominic Nicholas, an Indian, was reduced to manslaughter, and accused
will be sentenced at the end of tihe
assizes.
The case against Mahommed Khan
failed, the jury returning a verdict of
not guilty.
The Japanese, Kansak -Murato, accused of having murdered a countryman Susumu Sasamoto.at. Cranibrook,
was acquitted, Mr. Justice .Macdonald
net Allowing the case to go to the
jury.
—loseph^^HriAustrJaaT-efeayged-with-
the -crime of arson, was found guilty,
and will be sentenced at the end of the
assizes.
An action brought against. Mr. Fran-
kel of Elko and this city, by an em
ployee for breach of contract, was dismissed with costs.
In .the case of Rev, vs. Gall the evidence adduced on behalf of the crown
«by several witnesses was to the effect
that lndte-atians of fire in the form of
smoke were seen issuing from the
dwelling of the accused. They entered the house to render whatever assistance they could and the first to arrive -in the upper storey found a comforter .blading and threw it outside,
where it was extinguished, and then
water was carried Jn and passed out
to a volunteer on the roof. While tliis
was being done Gall, the accused complained about the water leaking
through onto his furniture, and after
Mie volunteers were satisfied that the
fire was out, departed. A short time
later, however, smoke kas seen issuing from the premises and upon arrival
it was found that the fire originating,
in the interior of the upper storey waa
beyond control, and the house was totally destroyed. Two quilts or comforters were produced in court as exhibits, and still retained the odor of
coal oil after having been kept in the
hands of the authorities since early
last September. The defence endeavored to 6how that provided the fire
did not start from the conflagration
raging on the opposite   side   of   the
J. C. Turner Writes
From Melbourne"
and step son of accused gave evidence
accordingly, thus* suggesting tliat the
acfuped had some unknown vindicative enemy or enemies.
Forty Lives Lost
In Mine Disaster
In a previous issue we stated that
J. C. Turner, a former resident in Fernie, writing from Autsralia, stated that
labor conditions were not so bad as
in Canada, a later communication
from the same correspondent does not
describe the land of Uie Southern
Cross as a worker's elysium by amy
•means,    lie says:,
"W6 met with nothing more hostille
on our journey than the usual elements met with at sea—viz., strong
winds, etc.
"Quite true wo were detained five
days at Honolulu, four of which were
just outside the bay, which meant that
:.one of us could-land,, From the Hi-
ter point we steamed on the 18th of
August direct for Auckland, X. 7,.
which ipo rt we reached om Sunday,
August 30th.
"Industrial conditions here (Melbourne) are very bad. On top of the
war is an exceptionally dry year which
may have ruined many. Personally,
since coming here I have interviewed
several* of'tihe'officials, jvho state that
agriculturally things are in a bad
state.     Many  of -the-Hndfl»tries   in
Publie Meeting
Discuss Local Conditions
street, that the quilts produced as ex;
i.t».,-»= „„„,„, ..,„„_ .........   . m    Melbourne   ara     *H,-*n*rl,-.i*ng    nnlv    hnlf
cused, and to bear this out the wife
time, A visit to the trade union
headquarters elicited the fact that
there are 12,000 men Idle here.
"Might add that we had Prof. R. T.
Ely, of Wisconsin .aboard, and at my
The public meeting called by the
Mayor to devise ways and means of
handling the present and threatening
distress in the city and district was
held in the Council 'Chamber on Sunday last. At the opening of the proceedings the attendance was rather
sparse, but as the afternoon advanced
tlie attendance was augmented somewhat, and when the meeting adjourned there was an attendance of nearly
fifty.
While we do not desire to criticize
too "severely.-or. unfairly those who
voiced their opinions at the meeting,
it was certain from the very -beginning that a small majority was there
to boost the Ladies^ Benevolent Society and laud them to the skies, and
point out that the ladies were the only
logical means whereby relief (or
charity, a* several wbuld insist on calling it) could be distributed. Further,
that as IXVBSTrGAT(?RS they had
Burns and Sherlock Holmes skinned
several blocks.
_r_V* tititr-tr,n*i,r'
have been the keynote' of the tneeiiiig
until several present sot so-heartily
sick of hearing how of ton those who
doled -out charity would be imposed
upbirif tliis matter waa not place,! hi
munity to take and do a little acting
for themselves.
The times are abnormal, and agreements executed in normal times
should not he considered for one moment. The 'mother country has set
its a good example and we might do
well to follow it.
The meeting
The 'Mayor opened the meeting at
about 2..">0 with an explanation of
its object and asked iMr. Heading to
take the .chair/' That gentleman explained he was on tho Patriotic Com-
tmlttee, and asked to be excused from
further honors. At last Dr. Barber
was persuaded to fill the chair, and after expressing his thanks for Uie -honor conferred but diffident as to his
ability, assumed the seat of auUiorlty.
A secretary was the next requirement, and again there were excuses
from several present. Mr, Moffatt,
City Clerk, consented to act pro tem.,
and the meeting got under way.
The Chairman, after u few remarks,
„.*.iHa^    fn»   *>,.*»
request he lectured to us on "Indus-;tlie j,an,i8 0f-competent .investigators,
trial Democracy in.. America." So that
iMURPHYSBORCMll., Oct. 27.~One
hundred and fifty persons had been
taken out alive from the Roy*lton
Mine at noon. Eighty-five cf tiho^e
rescued, had been overcome by gas.
Two of these died at tlie top of the
mine.
From an upper level ot the mino,
rescuer* sought to check tbe flame* in
the lower level, where the 100 men
were entombed, Blanket* soaked witb
wa<er were dropped, which temporarily checked the flame*, but tho poloor.
ou* ga* drove tbe fire fighters back.
ROYALTON, lilt., <tef St-HM loow
firty miner* lost their lives when 300
men wore caught In Ihe Mitchell mint
near here by a r,nt expkwfon won after
tto day ebltt entered tbo work* today.
Ono hundred wen eooaped, thirty or
forty bodio* had been found by re*-
cuer* «t It o'clock, tod 100 war*
known to bo imprisoned In a lower
level wfatafc waa burning.
tbo iuluo is a wile fwut tbl* Unnu,
Tbo exploalon ww* dtetinctly heard
here. Breryone In town, etmt the
telephone operator, hurried to ttt
nine, and aid wa* tomawat* tnm Du
Quoin tnd Murpby*boro. A rescue
rar ateo w«a *«at from Du Quoin. Tb*
work of reacu* began InmodiaMly.
end within two boun **Tertl bodle*
bad been taken froa ttt wortUog*.
No boD* I* held out for tto 100 wot
known to bav* %o*a worirtng on tt*
lowor loiwt. The ftanoa noke It bo-
poaeibl* for reeouom to mob tttt*,
and It Is believed here tttt all are
By
Wio vetti ti. wm* t^PMnt of (*• tnm.
etmyt
Vm erttlme* ■ttnnm*n tfrftt trftfft
the eawn, ttnnl Am btwm moi mt.
a^^wt     pr^|pp^p£   am^^arm    **^emm    ^f^^m^^    w-^w-w    -opv
j^^^Ljj9jti    iy^    'Vj^^J^^A      Afl^HL
u^|a *ka|^^^^^^rtu __\_*_Jk\ _m ^^^mn
WW JWIfW mWM m INrV
e^AmA    tmn ■ AAm
.Thirty nomretm
thirty booloo   !
ttm  mmmmw wmeemt^^^m^  -meemt   ^^ee e^^^^^^&
bold out fer tto safety of ft two-
0n4 otttr* kmtm mm met ott by
*km am* att tta-temm tm tt*e ttt**et*i*
%momm, n mtntnt ▼fltara M tmt*e\
omAbmm ol WL hette, on tbo Bt
immm, teee wimhi ono oooiaoni
iwHwny,  wo* deotnotf  eove tor •
^^^^^^^^   A^j^^^j^^yi*^^*^ ju^^gg^^^^   onnmenn mftt^tmrn
~1W? n^mjitfTt. ffi mvvr e*m%wwrmt*mt t jmiw   hivri*
lit ant. Tie Tinattw *tt bed woe
matt tottetmwotk. Wtttttfitftt
OBtralsr also betoed. Ibe mt dlouioa*
V|^a wnwwrm   weam^*  ^mtm^p***^^**   war^m'^   ma^^am* ippiww^^^f
can* to *urrotmdlag tows*, wltt Ibo
roooM tttt oti wnn eem em tto way
toft.
fit bmiroi
<lt*ad taken from Uie upper level had
been overcome by gas. and none ha4
been burned. General Superintendent
Mitchell said the men In the lower
level doubtlenB had .been overcome by
the gas before It exploded.
Exploalon wat Heard
The explosion occurred in the northwest corner of the mino, where from
100 to 300 lueu wer«3 working, lien
lu the southern part of the mine hea-rd
the ex/plo-rton and hurried to thr oagd
Khat took -them to the surface, Thl»
part of the mine wat eeparateJ from
the eectlon where the explosion occurred by thick wall* of coal.
Three hundred and seventy-two men
were employed In the mine, but as the
disaster occurred a faw minutes before work was to begin, about ftfty
men had not entered the shaft,
Une* of hose ware carried down two
shaft* of tbe mine and an attempt was
mode to direct streams of water
Urou«it tixHw Wintts to -Uie burnint
level. Tbe gases mode It dangerous
for tte fire flchters to approach clo«e
enough to fight the names effectively.
Experts ssld the fire oould be con-
trolled ooi) bv sealing both enumoce*
and pumping water Into the mine until all ehambtro wore flooded,
Twenty phjricliw* accompanied tbe
rescuo car frog* Benton, and whHt
tbey arrived they had their hand* full
looking after tbe wives and daughter*
of imprisoned miner*, wbo bed become hyottrieifcl er bad fainted.
The mine btlonc* to thi. franklin
County Coal tie.
 ■■ ,, -j ,.
you see even on the ocean the conscious rebel never loses a chance of
getting the other fellow wised up>
Please give all the boys my best regards." v
A card was also enclosed with the
letter, but nothing had been Inscribed
upon it. Turning It over, it bore this
"Important Notice": "Owing to war
conditions existing passengers are .requested** to extinguish their cabin
llphts when leaving staterooms, and to
see that all windows and port holes
are screened when the lights are on.")
to "raise-funds,-and'Mr, Rudinski, Immediately opened the ball by calling
attention to the offer of Mr. Miliar, of
tbe Isis- Theatre, to hold facred conceits every Sunday evening and give
tho proceeds to the benefit of distressed. He mentioned the Indies'
HeaeYolwut Society. He wanted to
know, however, whether Uu;lr was any
what was necessary  was J le»»l objection to holding concerts on
Several speakers told' the; Sunday.
KNOX CHURCH, PERNIE
Nov. 1»t, 11 a.m,, Communion; 7.30 j
p.m., "A Great Companion": 2.30 p.m..'
Sunday school, Wednesday, 7,30 p.m, j
prayer meeting. Thursday 7.45 p.m.. j
Young ■flirts' Club. Friday, t.Sti p.m., i
diolr practice, All are cordially in-!
vR»d to attend,
that they called the meetings attention to the tact that INVESTIGATION
was.not'absolutely* Imperative ai this
stage, but
WORtf!
mre'tlng that the workers did not want
CHARITY—they -WANTED WORK,
With work those in distress coulit feed
.their families and the investigation
part would ceasn. If there was any
case where Uie children wero hungry
or ill clothed, that wag not a question
of Investigation,, hut'one calling for
immediate relief,
There were, however., several very
sensible suggestions made, suggest-
I tion* that the Council must avail them
selves of at once, ami if they do this
np*t year ihi»y mny'rpap a vory handsome remuneration.
Mr. Sherwood Herchmer enlightened, ihe. meeting somewhat on this question, stating that while ihere was ;i
provincial law'prohibiting Uu> opening
of picture shows, he had uo doubt Mi.-it.
having regard''to the object, Uio provincial authentic* would not nii^e any
kick. •'However," remarked th«
speaker, "we are always breaking the
law," Whereat the meeting smiled
loudly and looked wise.
iMr. W. W. Itrown mndo qult« a long
speed!, Kiiggesting that u conumuee
l>a rtiMWln'ed to coll-wt fundi* H-p
thought there were many who would
give ona or two da> *' pay for thn re-
METHODI8T CHURCH
On Sunday, Nov. 1st, the morning;
subject will be "Tlie ,V«w Covenant,"
Nocewdty."   Priday, Oct 30, Hallow, f
e'en social under the auspice* of thej
l^agti".    Monda), Nov. 2nd, Rev, Mr,
I    Mr. Wm. Dickens' projKi«ra!, to cl«*ar
| part of thV park and sublet lu acre j Hef of distr»*s.
I allotments would be doing somethin*!    At this point the moating trot ,i little
:not only to improve city property, but', <™i;!*.d «l>. »»"• «t was not quit., dear
■also en:tbl« many of the worker* to>*' »'&«« tbo records sot to «r what
;roi»e crops of potato**. oat». or «ir-(had hspttencd.    Some on* mated tn«t
'den truck aenentlly.     As iMr. Dk'kcn!» commltteo be appointed
nnd four
pointed out this land eoiiid be let atifimes ««ra suggested, but again iho-*
.»* i« *k-.v-»i„. .-n.. n„*. »h«a„i«i*l(> mr acre per annum, and If It eo»t I *»• * »»>e ««wval of tnl!.;r.«. m*\ rn
snd In the evening,  The One Absolut* | ^ ^^  ^m ^ ^^  {Uy  wouW mow than ono occasion t*o Mwab-Jre
practically 'be repaid in ten ymr*.    'bad the lloor.     The rlulrmai., «h.|o
.    The work could be put in hand «t 1 denlrm** of giving ev«.r>on* a rou.-t-
tuotuxu... ..» *** .m *aa„9~ .•w»h,<,n<'" »"* wmM *™ «*»n>loynwnt to{«>us hiring, failed to detort  m^uy
Stoodley will give an sddress,   Witt;    ,ti, ft ,,wv,,..,. (, n,f>.    V<>T f\\\i\ \brtvieb,** nt if^lvit.fnu '■)•*<   .»1 --   ■■■
tZ*1!^'.^^* ArCi*rt.., «Il!!l.n,^;,l*ry' f ^V. Mr, ntlscn. but WOI1K. U« weaker* it«iki. four tin..-* t„ t»v>
er meeting.    FHday oholr practice.    |    Mf   n^ pnmUt^ ,0 a,|ow llUi«Be notion.
_, ""*"     ™   7    "        .     Meam to work four wttbn tor tbrte]    Mr.  Dickens nanif ws*  *ueg«lH
Tuft   FUllOrflJ    Of   t^fi'W'•,,, ***■ lupeBthe-rmnmlu.ee. hut h* »\plalniH|
Second Contingent
Mobilizing
roi   Mackay. !u rbtrge of the re-
ervttiag tor tbo seeood contlawsit In
Alk^    __f _____t*mm^memm*     muuiImaJ       j^^^M^ut^k       ____*,
two ivooiMWmym. tammtoo   -unisvs   an
Tueaisr io Mebfltoe, and on Wedne»
*..,.   ,.,.:.„    !*< ,    . ....   •   i
, .. '*.*'"» '   *      *'tit***t*: 4
nA. On W e-efteotay tbttt tte Cetwiei
nweived • long dlnaeca   eetl
Cranbreell eaytng' Keedy!"
Late Mrs. Dragon
tSit he dli) tot de'tr** f «w»r\*> ujxi-n
tbe commit'' e until he tborauahly un
drrst-tHNl *h«t thw committe.. would
hme ta d«» H we* l*n- *h»t WtHUm
liitrcniuerd th«» n»o«t *<>iulb;*i» «au»»s
Mr. ThiMi I'phltl «■»• h««ftl»y in ntr-
icord with tbe idea, and thought the
■ scheme was a real «ood one, but he
f pointed out that the City hod bought
Tbe funeral of tbe late Mr*, fltmon j the Isnd subject to c*rislfi condition*
Drston twk nlae^ on Monday mortilni! from »b»< Vml rowpany. aad be did ""« m^" •,,,r'f,« '^ ^,,r*' ;,f ,h"
fiom tbo Roman Cottxrfk rhuroh, at >»«* think the termn of *a»w «o«M per |m**Hlos. »!».. that th* <Vun*«i ritwr
which m very l*r*# numt^r of friondsimit thew to e«b-M. , certain lands In tb* i*r~ *«4 .ublH
and rwlsateoof tlM deieasad atte«ded.; Tb« str*ftg*« psrt of ibi* dHr»t«- j ftr all«tm»nt purpose*
IW^MM^I wa* tbo wlfo of glmon Drs- Ion waa tbe poslllte nw* with which) *»r, T. Ipblll warmly *upport*-4 tbe
goo, vrvptit+i* of Ut* tm««.ao Hotol,jet»ry*ody m*r4*4 tbe poMlWltty ot) >**. but emmiem* um fan ot ««*•
and be* tttt-u m r**id«at of Vrrtix* for ba»int s rlwh wifk tw> t'mi tW-wn-r * »ent 4«4*t *hkh llw Ui»b »*» i^r-
s r,nmh»r i^ y*»r« Tbe loeti Mfp'Tb* Mayor al»« tlxwg-ht «h# wb<WM>j«'h«M^ b» mr ***** **°»5 Company
of the SSiivoniaB Society atttndwd a* mot, but again, th4t wtr**m*nt' ll ? »•• M>* »'>« h»»* wbt^ber tft» mr U*
$\mt ol bomr. '■ *'•* f«cMMsiMy tho nM>*t abjoct •dora-!1!"' l^^**''' l» sub-let.
 __..  tion of "sgfimmoni   «Ji*l    I**" aver     Kveiittwlly n ronumlttee •*■*« *#!«*« t
Attire* IWltrmt. tbe yowg ItalSan J ritBt«*ed, aid «M!e Mr. «fe«rw«od j *^ •• follow*:
ttmtvemmt «o««« **m no nrmt -ennt* «»,    ***•*»•- * • *- »** *** *■ ««**»*«  t*
■I.       **     '    ' ...    ,     ***      *!*,**.*'■ t,      .   •• * " '       ..
Wm. l&(i«*, Jo* t^ttMiet. TU**. !.>•
Mil t>.. H tnttmr. A*r WeQiwu^t* A*-**
l>r*mlttt an opinion   wltt   mefwwcoj*- ^- tboter. Mm, R. tt.
to Ao righta of thc City snd the Coal! **r
,.    *m,,^9    fcf*l t ***% 11*1*    ^1*   tUtt* *  ■****'*     ■'■* .9*t*     *->.<-*.. &*-44*«l-.    J*''*..,A.&99,
.'I .^-M-iM<«
i.M
4.4.19.9.    *J*W»,
A\-,i'-   n.'i-r.:
MfifflnTUiM     un    %!.i.-.H;,;-   (i,V*r.!..V,   K* _ i,*,*1.44  U*k ,***  it,   Um.   >>mi>»4 wl.,
btt1t^*t«!«il4T:Afrombl*foo«B*«a*te,)*i*<*i%4 i-ootiert* in n pw-tuiw boas*,
was mmt<m.na to thtm yearn te tb*' kt* mmt tmtt**ttf iN»fim!*HI torn *r*
pottftontlsry. Also ft tto toprfwo
Co«rt on 'Monday tfif (trend im* **•
recrultlag   h*«e
Tbooo in ebtw of
-rwtsJoty tsaraad •
jfjrjrt <-onu»g«»t was seteetod, aad If
\xk* mmm wmnptnoss ts tAmttnet bf
****** pwteof tto mtm-tm*tm**mouh+-oib**imm*Amtf
by tm flwwi.^Wltiwi if tt* «9*o-| Hro. wo mm eem te itte tMt ttwtth
•loo of eemmototoi em ttoy imrtti Igftuni tn, sin, am in n **»> atom tlm*.
te ttt ggffiwi Mf t**| of «• npenwi Umeetm tm  m  tm  oomtmmtm
nm ttmm wt/m bet emmtibot temlpom.
-^m.      ___________         .. ,tt»*tt»K«f-tttlrtwfttrItglw»of|   it |» eepmttm Dm tbe rotatttgMK
ami mmw tommrm, ^wy we bt* foy-uL  fteaaw* *uJt ttlmkawn oi tlm* t mnt N*i* wkmw nm n*n tro **yw
■v^w-Mi..^ m*ma^m- tmm* mtm^^-^^m ^w ^w™ tttttmn tttM *H*tti   ttg   gHtlt   ■bOft I m im ww*wiiwi^^ .ufa,,*...!!!.
katptaea. i    F«#n»»tir«', fncfadler MMwai bra**
Mloers mid ttot promUy 9m m#e I iMNriMii. ptmtktAMf mw.     Mtn. f.
nmgM by tb* Hto woro dsod. All tk* |' *♦• "Mm mmm. Wane ftmt*.
the nocesaarr orders to bettn n fH
P9M- 4H*pPnMP*« *■•%- Ml MPIVr Mw IIM
tor»«4 ttm Mils tm bttth room wl tbt;
trut rterg*td ottt tetung flro to tb#
oamme wiopiffw my u*s*
On ffesaday "A" Voiepnoy ot tb*
lottb rotlnwat. nnd*r Cnpt   Moffatt
wet* gttm e »arvh wtt et netotnl-
miles.
An *»o*o»rtWl»   a -"*•>.!*•■%■•   mrwme
namt Mttrf.atttj wn -Hntu-H-AT nttermm ] xjimtr "ngk'
otmt n ear Attn* by At. Rlttatat, of"
ttss -r-Wy, ««w *an-i a »y-r> <m««tp **&-
htolaww'l,     Mr, R!fn*r# *tmpe4 in
tmt. km -tto enr mm intdl-r d*iaafe4**
Tbo Crow* s*# !■*** tmt CaaaTway
tt* efpr* «l*tff b*rp !e Ibe
D   M*   l**ri*T.  Wev   f.   Mfrhri.
,«»« io saggosl tbtt tbo C**l Coiitpmny \   Tk* aotnttnm et n ttmmmeo torn*
nw t«M to go lo • warm plof*. tt tbey;
nirnot to rrast tbo Cl*y permlanAe*.
te wbletti; Ob, to?     fbuf. in f*^
oom to tt* €b*1 Otattsay wt do not
tbtok, aa*>e Ibo rtr-rMkaMn***. 1k*-f'-
s«#i ob|f<'«. ood If tbey dM tt aitabt
bt* lb* mm*** rt »M»r tbe if********* *-f
to mit lntr6.   "Wnr n-bd
p-a^atl.  th*  attt  «iMwiio«   was tht
work to be petfamsNI by ttoai sad lb*
4t«iw«ifS»(! «>f aay fond* roll*****
Tkf Mayor got ta a npr*tk bet* t*»t*
Um it**' stmt 1* mm ti»«t npplt*4 to*
mmk, *«4 et tMs onnsAet m-*r twewty
Vid h*** *it>'ifim*A ttt*J,***^*t' tn W
ir-.tlj'tn. *Bir?*»«1n«> swti ntwi-wi' to
nweem mme, *m *i*o s* tte OamerrlettemDl to Went tkt. *mttn ot »h*
tmtm, a nuutM-r »f -r!*rtts bsvteg r*-$rky to 4* mbm. ite#> «koo«s -witt lead
****** mmUa- ik* *?+* So*  ;m tboy itbey fette boom sad t«Ni bard eatt
wW %* bill iff. tec, ttoa tt wm ko I.** tot IM torn-
woftfaws ai* gsatt lettHtn of «gla- > ******* 1*** tn tm fetb, b* ohm ■»*•
ten. nn4 A m tmw*tp to be bomtmAi^mtfitnl wt tk* ptmwtn nt tbm CtttmtiL
tMt nny tot** *wd* mpbtM tm Cnotl11** *'«* m 'I* €**#, ae«a**iKa« «a
-fmntfatsf «M «!k»« »»** mampttm 1!0l-,i>* -«**•«* *— «•»!' ^*» «•*•» elt
tte* orapoasi ' ******     Tb* M*«w re«kr!*mi#-,t w-nh
tt tt* tml Com»nt.' 4a nkkmt. aa*!'*" '^ml «»?k* mm Ik*. SUtttt-ty
I of •%* '-'fy flnsitret *n*l * nest mtl*
baosl tor tte storatU* nUUny nt Ibe*
f'owatfl.
',,!' -J
»r --~ *.'-v">^i,"**a*ftv***= ~i*:   v*"*1,* Zi**?^^
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 31, 1914
WAR-The Twentieth Century
Mystery
Uy Joshua Wanhope
It is always in the realm of the unknown that quackery, imposture nnd
charlatanism best flourish. In faot, il
may be maintained without fear of contradiction that only in suoh an environment pan they flourish at all.
The unknown thing always evolves a
mysterious interpretation. If it happens to be an evil thing, which is
said, to afflict mankind, tlie Interpretation finally becomes an explanation,
and later still evolves into a "remedy."
But as the cause of the evil is really'
unknown, it 'follows that there gradually arises a ■-multitude of interpretations, explanations and remedies, all
of which are applied at different times
and places as they happen to be expounded and accepted. But they have
all one characteristic in common, in
that they all start from the assumption
of "evil," a. mysterious concept, an
obstruction regarding which mo unanimous view can possibly exist <as to its
nature, cause, origin aud Object.
In describing the •remedies" current
in the Middle Ages for tlie dealing with
such occurrences as plague, disease,
drought and other inflictions, aud for
altering the course of nature, as desired in certain. localities, or for the
prevention of direful effects that .vere
supposed to follow natural but at the
same time unexplaiuable phenomena,
the scientific writer, Professor Draper,
hat the following striking messages;
For patients too sick to move or
be moved, there were no remedies except those of the ghostly Wnd—the
Paternoster or tbe Ave. For the prevention of disease, prayers were put
up in the churches, but no sanitary
measures were resorted to. from
cities reeking with putrefying filth, it
was thought that the plague might be
stayed b>v prayers of the priests, by
them rain and dry weatfce? might be
secured and deliverance obtained Trom
the baleful influences of eclipses and
comets. But when Ualley's comet
came in M5C. so tremendous was its
apparition that it was necessary for
the Pope himself to interfere. He exorcised aud expelled it from* the skies
 T. •i.-lnvtlr ■■.M*.-*,,.  i-nt-r*, tKn o^.'-ogog nf   ciwnp
^=^^^&.-..-mm-mm—v.—1 ■  «-J-—■■WTf-w—-wm-r-^j—vw ^"w. -j -tt ^     »■*■^ I' r*. —  — p
er», charms aud incantations to remove sickness and pestilence, though
these things are yet to a very large
extern used as supposed auxiliaries to
modern scientific methods. It is true
thnt modern sanitation hns won its
way as a fundamental preventive of
(lihtase, and that the person who would
advocate treating smallpox and typhoid with prayer and mystical Incantations and neglect the cleaning of
severs and the purifying of the water
supply would be regarded either as a
si-perstitlous fool or a designing kifave
by the majority of his follows.
But no thinker for a moment' supposes that tho state of affairs which
exists In the'.Middle Ages was altogether, or oven largely, due to wilful sud
deliberate Imposture. Basically, it
evolved out of Ignorance. The priest
the medicine man and necromancer
of these days might sua'iieot that the
resnedies he prescribed were defective,
or even useless, but he could not absolutely know It, as he was as ig'n/r-
ant of the real, material remedy as
those whom he exploited. But dauntless -the vast majority of all '■pauple
really .believed In these nostrums.
While it was universally assumed
that these visitations and apparltiovs
were due to supernatural causes, divine or satanic afflictions, or other
manifestations of that vague, undefined concept known -as "evil," the remedies advanced, though to our eyes
ludicrous and foolish, and, as we all
know now, mistaken, must have been
in the great majority sincerely1 be'aev-
ed in, both by those who prescribed
and those who accepted them. The
profits perliaps were not a secondary
consideration, but they were undoubtedly at the -beginning a secondary result. The remedies were not primarily invented by cunning persons far
the sake of profit. They evolved out
of ignorance instead.
But when a few inquisitive persons
of that skeptical temperament on
which all human progress is conditioned began to inquire into the causes
of these phenomena and sought the '.n-
forriiation in the material, physical
study of them, the results of their la-
hnr    wlitnli   was  tlio  starting   imlnl. of
rerrifle.i by the maledictions of Calix-
tus HI and did not venture iback for
seventy-five years.
An illiterate condition everywhere
prevailing gave opirartunity for the de-
velo;>nivn; of superstition. Europe was
fuil of disgraceful miracles. On all
roads,   pilgrims   were   we tiding their
tliat accumulated mass of organized
knowledge which today we call science,
naturally was opposed by those with
whose profits they threatened to interfere. They were In the position of
assailants of "religion," or what was
In that day regarded as such, nad the
things they attacked had all the sane-
sklerable distance from the Middle
Ages- in these matters, but certainly
not so far as we think in many others.'
One of the very greatest of the present "evils" which afflict society is
the almost universal regard from the
standpoint of- the Middle Ages, and
our knowledge regarding it is about
on a par with that of the populace
of the Middle Ages in regard to plague,
disease and astronomical phenomena
We still almost universally .-attempt
to exorcise it by the same methods,
and those who dissent from the treatment, or even criticize it, are regarded as dangerous heretics an*cl enemies
of society, just as the embryo scientists of tlie Mid-die Ages; were. The
knowledge that they bring to .bear on
this social -affliction * would .also'' imperil profits and necessitate innovations .hateful and dangerous to the rulers of society, -and feared and mistrusted by those they exploit through
it. '' .,* '*,*.
-Needless to 'say; this great social
phenomenon is war. It is /because
tdie fundamental cause of war Is as
very largely unknown to the masses,
and those few who do know and attempt to give scientific explanations
are Ignored or discouraged, tliat we
have the ludicrous spectacle today, In
this twentieth century, of attempts
made, to avert war by exorcising it
with prayers and incantations of various sorts, just as plague, --pestilence,
comets and eclipses were dealt with In
tlie fifteenth century. The spectacle
of a President of the United tates
publicly calling for a special day of
prayer in the year 1914 for the purpose of driving war from the earth
is not one whit more advanced or intelligent than the pap'al exorcism of
1450 that supposedly drove the comet
out of tlie heavens.
Just as ihe cause of plague and pestilence five hundred years ago was unknown, so today is the cause of war
unknown, and the same kind of "remedy" applied in both cases. In the
case of war, the prayer of tlie righteous still avalleth touch against Itor for It, as the case may be—Just ns
the »ani9 prayer was supposed to be
generate; that while it may be apparently an evil, we should believe that
it works toward some as yet unknown
and undefined good. .Some of these
preachments. fall back upon tha ancient assumption of the eternal combat ibetween "good" and "evil," and
others, desirous of bolstering up their
'mysticism with a smattering of what
passes for modern science, will make
the monstrous assertion tliat war is a
selective process securing the elimination of the unfit, while at the -same
time they denounce it as an evil and
advocate prayers for its removal.
Around war, religion has therefore
thrown a sort of mystic: halo. The two
things have much in common, religion
itself frequently being expressed' in
struggle and many of its spiritual activities being described In terms of
war. Tiie Christian is a "soldier"
marcnirg on to war, or the "holdr.1' of
a "fort' who is.requested to looU ct
and
See the mighty ho-^c'advancing .
S^tan leading on.
the "weapon" to vanquish the enemy
ibeing, of course, prayer. Against war
as an "evil" the same weapon Is presumably potent.
■The idea of Satan directing an army
•of "evil spirits" to afflict mankind
witli disease and pestilence was in the
'Middle Ages a favorite way of interpreting these visitations. "When*, however, disease was found, to be generated iby filth, which acted as a culture
ground for .bacteria and malignant
germs, the mental picture of Satan
leading a host of these minute but
deadlyi adversaries to the assault became too ludicrous to be seriously entertained. When the real cause of
any evil is known, prayer to drive but
the evil spirits who once supposedly
caused it becomes botli superfluous
and ridiculous.
,., But there can be no doubt that the
overwhelming bulk of modern society
is as yet in the intellectual .stage, of
theiMIddle Ages as regards war, and i*
is for this reason only that reliance
on prayers and mystical Incantations
to avert it is still regarded as fitting,
sensible and proper. And for the
same identical reason the Socialist,
the modern sanitary scavenger, who
finds the malignant foacteirla and germs
of war in the filth of the capitalist
system and Implores the afflicted ones
to re-move the malodorous heap if they
would rid themselves of the pest of
War, receives little Or no bearing,'-oris regarded as a dangerous enemy of
religion and society. ^
B®
Special display of
MENTHOLATUM
For Cuts, Burns, Sores
etc. etc. Heals quickly
and surely
way :o the shrines of the saints, re-.J tions of the religion of that time.
i;owned for the cures they had While the necromancer and charlatan
wrought. It hud always been the! of the period undoubtedly directed the
policy of the church to discourage the j counter attack mainly for the sake
physician and his urt: he interfered J of their threatened profit, they could
too much with the gifts ami profits! not arouse "public opinion" agalnd.
of the shrines. Time lias brought this j the Innovators on fchat plea. Tho pri-
once lucrative Imposture to Its proper! mltlve advocate of sanitary hygiene
value. How many shrines are there j was hot opposed by the masses of thc
now In successful operation in Kurope?! sbrlu*s. but rather because they re-
Professor Draper is somewhat too j garded him as n would-be destroyer of
optimistic in hts recounting "of the tri-1 thitiRB they had-been accustomed to re-
ump!)s of at'hMH-e. U Is true that thej gnrtl as sacred, and to some extent
number of shrines has been largely re-J also because of their distrust of Int.o-
duced in Kurope, though many of themi vation acd genera! reluctance to c1?nn
yet rotiaSn, It Is true that modem up.
tsw-My dn*t«« not rely wholly no pray-     We have no doubt traveled a con-
Tte Grand Theatre
FRIDAY,  OCT.   30th
A Volcanic Eruption of Laughter
liuieiiV'ur rwmove xrtiigue   mitr"T>G5ti-
lence, or to 'be used as a threat of a
coming divine visitation upon a sinful
people. The chronicles of religion
teem w:th threats of plague and pestilence, which 'supposedly could he
called down upon the ungodly by the
righteous.
The embryo eanltatlonlBta of the
Middle Ages, traveling through streets
"reeking with putrefying filth," finally
made the connection between dirt and
disease, and worked it out experimentally. He could demonstrate It to all
reasonable and unprejudiced peoplo,
but, unfortunately, the people he had
to deal with were neither reasonable
nor unprejudiced. The more Intelligent of his opponents In that age nf
dense Ignorance did not want their
profits Interfered with, and tlw lean
Intelligent did not want to clean up.
They preferred to bcllev* plague ami
pestilence a "visitation from heaven"
rather than listen to any demonstration of Its counwUoii with tlw dirt
around and on them. Their Ignor-
•ttvA'f th, y ronsliU-nul blUs; To wash
UiiiiiiSL'lvcs and thtlr filthy dothlns.
to pave the streets and Install sewer
systems, would upset society, or at
least Interfere seriously with the way
they had always lived, wblch, of
vuiirsc, they regarded us tin; only
right and }""0|ier way. It wa« *hl» con-
dlt!.»n the sanltattoulst of tie Middle
Ace* wl'n connected dirt nml dtsevr,
had to contend wUH ard It w*:* ix-
tremely difficult lo overcome.
Tlw aiutnpy *lih war today Is at-
moit exact.,     The social unnltiitlrin
Ul of Ui*- tw<r!Ui«-th i-entury, who lifts
ignorance is the mother of piety as"
regards war In the twentieth ceartury,
just as it was regarding disease in the
fifteenth, and tbe measure of the volume of prayer and Incantations against
war is but the measure of the present
social ignorance regarding It. And
though they may not know It and
would probably resent the charge,
those who are most active In representing war as a mysterious affliction due to supernatural agencies, and
to be removed only by appeals to those
agencies, are themselves the moat
powerful agents in perpetrating and insuring the existence of the villainous
social condition which It the cause
and breeding ground of war.
In short, the persistence of war is
not. due cither to divine wrath, diabolic posesslous or In th* "wicked-
nets of men's hearts," but to the
weakness of their headi, It N tbe
| price society, pays for lt» Ignorance,
j and tho payment is today, jib It wai
I In the Middle Ages, a toll or human
i life.
And Just as the gentry who profited
> by the shrine* fought tooth and nail
, awlnitt the view* of the early physicians and saiiltatlonlstt, «o capital-
m today, threatened witb tbe oun*
i loss of profit, fights against a practlc-
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13
al. material explanation of the cause
of war, preferring to-preserve the lm-
pri'tision that it can be averted by
mystical exorcism, prayers and Incna-
tatlons, though whether the mystery
monger* be dupea or cheats, or both
at the rime time, make** not tlw slight-
cm difference,-*. Y .Call,
The Tragedy Not In Vain
The European tragedy t» not In
vain. With the blood of a murdered
iiui.'o und con r«*dil>- <l«ia»n»imt« Uie ymih „|(W h„f bwn wmm upoa th#
ronaootlon  between  capm.lt.-m    and! Wi|| o( tki. %oM a (mlM(J ,nd ,„,.
wnr w c,iu#* and effwl. r»i'-«'lv f* no
bearing. Jmt to Omtroy was tin
a mild ii|»»*u Kockty,     To r«»ni«v«> the
tux privilege U awept away,
Then* ]* truth Indeed In the acneril
cry that the blame lies at the door of
of the tkrman Kmperor:   yt.t what )*
cii'ltUim c'.lrt we have alwaj-m ||vf<l
and moved In li too hiah a price to
pa). Tlw afflktlfiti is pr-fforabtfl t«
the cure, and be»!Ii», th«* afftit-ron
■* it »tit>»>rn.it<tf*l <»«■>> »i»d entt wilv b*
,• n*:,\, A It) *npvrji.";i»i-»1 jih-ak*, V.'lr.
uke tl e rl*k ot aoclal revolution wltcn
■v.    h%va  the  ir-V*),;>   -<,"»| •:**■*$  *:M'I**' 1
i* t,ri*t*r »n*t. *t>%" %mwi** ot t#*'ir
ins ffiiutiailoii of »ll thtww ancient  tH« KaS»er but ih-^ mipivme iieraoRi-
H<i that have gone to mike us» thtjficatlon cf the militarist Ides!   thn
i heyotone of the arch of luilitarlnm.   j the whole world h»« Imcii tm «ei|u]otit>
For >«>ar§ lh» rlatnt tide of paclOc- In footering?
; l*m hn* Ihi-ii «*«nmi«l by the a#*ur-j Tlwre l« more in the i-ne, however.
w.rt* Mist "preiwieiliteaa fftV war" was. thnn mo*fl*irou« vanity. The 'nitli In
I ih» one nllabSe «uarantH! of peoto, that no ataiidinit army can afford to
mhiS tlii* iu turn *-** biil«ark#*l t»> the sUind. Ve^r* ago the Germans con*
i *•»( ttton that ^nctxirafeinesi ot thej weoceJ io nismer agalnat the hurd«n
jtroir'W «plrH, lh<» eontliMMsl el*va-J of militarism, and ot late thle mutwr-
I imtt tii iwiuurj toimia. «»* Hocxwi ii»» 'mn nro*n into * rtv«m Mat louml
i.»n n» o»t* itf**.-n»t»«n ot — honor, i % WW* «kprir*t»titii   in   i»»ff»helmiri«
Rorlillst majlorktiea. It w*» not only
hi* tnrrmnitin marine**, Ihen that Im-
IM4U4 tht' Kulw-r to put liis >*»rop into
action but t.tt« very aldrewd cnlciilo-
Imperial Bank of Canada
HIAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Hid Up. .$7,000,000      Bowrve Fund ... .$7,000,000
O. ft. WILK't, Preildwn HON. ROIT JAFFRAY, Vlc»-Fre*.
tft> NOHII  IM  BRITISH C0LUM1IA
Arrowhead, Cranbroolc, Ftrnlt, Ooldin,  Kamlaopa,  Mlchtl,  Nelton...
Ravalttoka, Vantouvtr and VletorH,
•AVINOI OIPARTMINT
lattrott aliowad on dapoalu at current rata from data af tfapaau.
7BRNIB BRANCH A. M OWEN Manager
l,uit*n 'rom our •n>.{iom|l}'    lo^Hi,,,^^^ t84 nmbMm
men that !t  will tWW* tb* ***■'.* \tl    Tnf.HV „ to WMi ,ha! iU>. ar0 llM,
tnttotwd Iff llbmllr nn.? for that V"! J m4 .,„„ tar# Uw> ^ Um,   It «•
fir tinrp^i-.. ;(!h, mUtmu m*. |,rtV„ wmy „, f*»,|<.|,
War. :iko tto oldtlw phm* ».*; j^ "^^m^mmt- that nm at oat aa- t!oa that aa appeal to the fatgotrtea cf
| futtmn latwiuk, em Otnm t* o mi*»-| g«*«-*«*«»«« nne mmmnm. ne*.t*nnr*. to
30       CELEBRATED   FUN MAKERS
IO      BIG NEW NOVEL ACTS - IO
SWEET-VOICE CHORAL COURT
ao
k«**s-»    »J*    «*«*•*. *k-U    , W**U'       i9tikli**n*ili''*k | ,; ■*'•'    i*-'.'1 *■'. *'V,',v,i.   «.,'   ,,.*>
\le*L    Tit* mtir-mji irtatj lm gwaraa-i IttU-ribal -moMUm,
:*#«« tb* antwttmlH? nt tkAptmrn" t*   *b    tM tb* Mtbt to om*
,*.,.,.* ■H-*,.'.-..
THE BIO 6 C0MEDIAN8
Clarence Powell Manaie Campbell
George Walla  Chicken Reel Bearoan
mm I tkt- mymttUm* ortfla of war.   Ani ••>
** tint* *t U«r*a varlM* t*h«olo*k»i
1 alluvion* to war, which, amidst lit* $*n*
l*t%l tottJ-f-meaUon. oouad* MNW»«li*t
| *tra»t»» *«<! noMtnal. awwny to t»i» of-
Date Smith! **** lfc*' " *r '• ^m dlrlae method uf
John Moodv »,,rrt muy -J'!4,Mi*|*f* '** %^t""A. bat of
' J | r*nnrttni the rtiM»o*i. thtrt 1? *nm»t,-
Beautiful Scenic & Electrical Effects
ooaoioua *TRttT ennnot.
tt     **■    '*l.9;>*l*llr    9,t,,r*ttn    i-*"       ' t-'.
I VvfO tht* *flfM>rf|f|!i1 m»t#r»*t niin'itM-
tloot uaoalh girea hjr ooo aid* wf.^j ,^ -fl^^mj*, ^ mttmm t* *» tM ttt* ffi«*« mm** k* tn «f!i-A*rt«
other ot th* o»p»flag terra* nm hope.! tww<4rtpt .^ »»„, tf^M bond of I It I. th* loot terrlWe tliraea tlMrtt la to
lewljr d!ff*«i*m and «onfe«lBt. oMk L^ ,j0-y,, (n,nri>ntlon l«  a bneWo-jrtwnj the nyatfrn of polion and her-
**=n   •♦*,.-.   ,,-.*■.   ....r.thm*ti***  'i-i   I,,.'!, I l.   »
Kotilog In men* larmllM* than l*o
maoiivr la which the ateat ef ton*
ini pwtwtattott* hat kmm atntod late
cold for the *upi»rt of tbla aawrtat
tmpemkion, TM* taw year aa* tier*
monv •pwtf ftaa.ww.aoo wimt ttt*' m*
kawp nt ite arm aad aarr.   Ft-aaee
, ttt mumm        X-jtcr.-iltfitmrt-      ft1*!,-'f-iMW  *t lrlj»i»»   in*  *fn**n*,   *rrA  Ht*
♦•«• m *oem mm*mm* H*x^ th** ,<MW^' ^^mm $i_kjm.m. aai]art« »»* wileum will aital* la «w
ert^^ti «ai kigb*tl tmmiwnn m* l»- 9mm,M^   $m<lmjm.    n^,   ,»i,»»jr j htmort not d!tattl<w that have hltl•^
Umm *n« tteotm aaell llie «l#M»B«a| to taaa ttrmmrt tor Moloeh.
immeem ptitntkm   nm tmmtwH. bn*i   PW» aa tb* -l.to* of tl* PaalialW
namm wtWtbiHii**1*   ***l   wetttAtrOm..' Ittottm* *k#- n-ew wnttt Whatt tt to ho
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Willi, Title Deed*, Mortgages, Intunnc* PoIIcIm
ot other valuables in one of these boxes
  •     Atmt
.!    t
P* B. Fowt«rf Manager        F«rnl« Branch
*tMl    t*t.9-4**.t..t994*   .*,   I*   km/**    IWHkkk<4   .1*9*10
oror ketor*.
With the alter rxtlnetlon of tha
War Lord the vhole akaatly tnpeAy
nt loimarHm will nn from fJwrape,
•ad tlod'e toi*-* will he heard la tha
thttttt** «f nn lrr**bitM* teimnemrr.
■ tbo item «1M he etaared of tba dreary
I Inreai r*t PI tut
faith te tha Brotherhood of Man tliat
kaeva aet dlfforwiee la tongaaa, ereod
or rotora.--tieome Crtal. I« llarptTa
Wertly, AttfMt S*. IVtt.
it***-* it amatldi«i aad tbat nMmux
tbe r*r*- *t**l4 Attntlmet.* »n.f .K
You can bay the best setts for §1.00 Other ?ood
seats 75c & 60c; Children 25c j
ShlblfoGm
t-rtnt t*o*% -fovana. evox* ecus*.
amwun rm ***-,;*r namtwnmn tt e«wtr
i
fit*, m* ifftf0rirr*i'*-O wettt etaarmet **4 ot oaetnt
Xt.t «Im« •*• «**h k»* team Item mm*, tree at *»,.tea4 hale* kUmtrl**
r.-mmt'wn ptnm*"l Into ln«tAHt and kM tep*neiiiu,nt, altlita hl»h pUcn
yme$ 'tmt, iP* *oi* tmtm* tm thia to ota-dm „:-.i metit. tad  ytetdia*
Oa^Hfinh ef tttnry dollar of aeaith
pentnem/l lw i\* ■avtrW go** f**r wtr
w "»«r i»ri--|Mirailofia." Overt iltm-
yon peoier* ff* worth of foods, tt
It lowed eit for Harder parpoeea,
Thia io. -af amto*. oaly -ta tho Ovtifaai
wntbim.. Tit* tneherainl rat** are amy
Minii ia the nteo.
*fhe tmtklo today li too mni,h phfto-
•ophj aad too taw pltltoeeahera.
aiaamewARivftaa
The readera of thia paper will   tw
one 4r»«rt dl;«a»t that eeltne* haa btwn
s&raMSBL ■«r&rt,i5r,s:
''*'1U'U'.uU*.iu*aI.    al*«rik)t«, >*i|i,l«<-i> ■ nn,.
ttiiuiiMai trfttawni,   Hatr* catarrh
•Cor* U tnktm l«t«rneUr. aetfnir rtirwitr
Hn>.   tiiiiua  and
netiett rtirwit
ItlUt.:uU4   »ulUiua
Jl '     k       ' '"        i:i>."H*      ItiltlA      UIUI.UIMI      »ui
«f th*- t^*tt*m,Jb*r*tify^n*nxttii^ltitl lift
(OnOtleil Of       *      ~' ~ - -
 ' patwat at.-,-_-..-..
fowihiititw and«a«**tiit
A,   Ttm
...      .,,.       n,r,fr^„,     , ff,.   , r* tl*t      1,,'ff. | , f IV I ,11      lift'
f»nnO«UMi et tmetnaote.ontk otalno
the petit ft ntrtmott. kr t»oltllii« np te*
ten tte -#wtr,
"llth la lw e_._
'W-.Oaa nanart*
lefor* hare 'no
*, pwwaan thot
'ftOart fe
*w*l tw jw
mmk mini* tta emn
they »rfer<me nanan
ream IMt It Mil* l<m ti
et t#otii0iooieta.
A*i4i.«.   V. i, CHI^.Wii  * Cut, k.tli*-
tttibl h|r all r>riiBfl«l«. ti*.
Tak* H.tr# family rill» tot comII-
petlo*.
'"•"^mt-firf
•^   . ■mmee^mtm**-
m
mm THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 31, 1914
PAGE THREE
in*-
, i
U
f\
CATARRH
TRUTH
Told in a Simple Way
No  Apparatus,  Inhalers,  Salves,  Lotions, Harmful Drugs, Smoke
or Electricity
HEALS DAYAND NIGHT
It Is the new way. It is something
absolutely different. N'o lotions,
sprays or sickly smelling salves: or
creams. No atomizer, or any apparatus of any kind. Nothing to smoke or
inhale. No steaming or rubbing or
Injections. No electricity or vibration or massage; no plaster; no keeping in the house.    Nothing   of that
kind at all. Suiumluug «6vtr and
different, something delightful and
healthful. You do not have to wait,
and linger and pay out a lot of money.
YoU can stop It over night—and I
will gladly tell you how—FREE,. I am
not a doctor, and this is not a so-
called doctor's prescription—but I am
cured and my friends are cured, and
you. can be cured. Your sufferings
will stop at once like magic.
I Am Free - You can lie Free
My catarrh was filthy and loathsome. It made me 111. Tt dulled mv
mind. It undermined my health „uu
was weakening my will. Tho hav/kinfj
coughing, spitting made me obnoxious
to all, and my foul broa'.h and disgusting habits made evep ay loved ones
avoid me secretly. »iy delight in life
was dulled and my faculties impaired,
I knew that in time it would bring me
to an untimely grave, because overy
moment of the day and night it was
slowly yet suroly sapping my vitality.
But T. found a cure nnd I am road>
to toll you about lt FREE. Write me
promptly.
RISK JUST 1 CENT
Send no money. Just your name and
address on. a postal card. Say, Dear
Sam Katz: Please teK me how you
cured your catarrh, and how I can cute
mine." That's all you need to fay..1
will understand, and I will write to
vou with complete information, I-REE,
tt once. Do not delay. Send postal
card or write me a letter today. Don t
"' think of turning this page until you
have asked for this wonderful treatment, that cun do for you what it tins
done for me.
The Monarchist's War And
International Socialism
The present European war Is all-
absorbing, lt affects everybody, lt
destroys everything. It came like
lightning from the clear sky and within the short period of two'months it
hals brought endless misfortune upon
the whole world. Rivers of human
blood, devastation and destruction of
the work of generations and of centuries, bestialities and cruelties, as
never before known in history. The
application of modem science and
technique to war increases its horrors
and makes them much more terrific.
And it ts only the beginning; until
this war is over, the devil of destruction will enjoy a still greater harvest
Human civilization might require a
whole century -to recover from the effects of this war.
The Socialists are affected most of
all. They are killed and maimed on
the battlefields with all the others,
their families made destitute, their tou- r■Wit'-h Its Asiatic despotism, with all Its
SAM"KATZ, Room B2754
142 Mutual St., Toronto, Ont.
LUMHfe.p     =3
manitariau work is interrupted and
in addition they suffer morally. All
that was so dear and near to them,
what tihey cherished, believed in and
were proud of has apparently collapsed.
Fifty years ago the first international assocltloti of Karl iMarx waa
born, over twenty-five years ago the
new international was re-esta-hlished
in greater .splendor. During all these
years the Socialists considered sacred
and tried to live up to the words of
tihe Communist Manifesto: "Working-
men of all lands, unite!" The present
war suddenly brought a terrible transformation. It sounds now: "Working-
men of all lands, murder one another!" The suffering and indignation, the perplexity and astonishment
of intelligent and humanitarian people
at the outburst of the war weTe followed by different explanations about its
cause, about the guilty parties and
also by predictions and even hopes for
th© future,
What caused the catastrophe, this
terrible devastation and slaughter?
In all historical and sociological
events there Is never one cause, but
causes, which produces the final effect, the striking result or results.
The contemporaries, although witnessing and even participating In the be-
I am an ardent admirer of German
science and literature; I studied in
Germany; I lived there for years; my
dearest and most intimate relations
and friends are Germans. It goes
without saying, therefore, that I have
all my sympathies for the German
'People, its culture and science, its
workingmen's movement and its Social Democratic -party, but none whatsoever for the German rulers and the
German militarism. It seems to me
beyond ony reasonable doubt, that
Germany Is more , guilty for the
world-fire, for this7 barbarism rampant, than any other nation. Russia,
France and England are also sharing
in the guilt. The English Government paved the way by its recent reprehensible subjugation of the Boers,
And the barbarities at the time of the
subduing of India to England hre
-fresh in ilie'memory of all.     Russia,
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft you* bill any item ot lumber not
found jnat aa w« represented.  Thert
>• uo hocui pocua Id
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
•end you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip In •
lot ot culls. Thoie who buy once trom
ua alwaya eome again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chancea they wouldn't ah*
counter If tbey bought their lumbar
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
lumber,  Lath,  Shingles.  Saab  and
Oeora.    SPICIALTIBS-Mouldlnoi,
'    Turnings. Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICI AND YARD—MePhefeon ave.
Opposite 0. N. Dtpet  P.O. tax VA
Rhone SS.
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
ery Low Fares
*   c_m_t_mt_tmm aebb
•W mtt^^ar^rm^w-am^w^^  v»w^*w
^nflisgrtreTOi^hseiinfti^
of the event, cannot know all the details, all the different actions and reactions, cannot know the whole truth.
Tlie remote causes are usually concealed and understood by a few only.
The diplomatic transactions are also
usually kept secret from the nations.
Then comos the Influence ot race
character, the personal clement, the
sympathies and antipathies, the environment and economic condition of
the person or persons who are expres-
slng'oplnion or passing judgment upon
the events before them—all these circumstances befog and Impede the clear
view, prevent the true presentation
and 'unbiased conception. The German ls generally pro-German, the
-Frenchman jirchFronch, the Russian
prodlu*s»la.f -There are still but very
■few citlsene of the world, real cobbio-
polltans, as tbere are very few real
thinker* or real, devoted altruists and
revolutionists. ?
'Only after the historical event lias
advanced, so to aay, to full maturity,
hae been ' nsslmUnteA and become nn
organic part of human life, the historian is In the condition to relate the
story, to correlate the immediate and
remote causes, effects and sequoia.
Tthe historian, however, must collect
hhi material not only from state
archives but alao from tbe various
observations, opinion* aad a-ctlons of
the contemporaries of tbe period un-
der investigation (and bow few historians are Impartial and capable!) It
Is therefore perfectly Justifiable and
desirable thai every one *ti<H*«d by
this war should make known bis opinion, «iiou]d relate his observations and
conclusion*. He may be very much
mistaken, he ts not and eannot be Impartial—never mind tbat, The general discussion and tba accumulation
of facta will help to elucidate tbe
truth, at least to throw some light on
tbe inner mechanism and significance
of the events of tbt day. Tolstoy*
words, "I cannot keep silent," should
guide everybody In the present calamity.
EXCURSIONS TO THE OLD
COUNTRY
Dally   Nov. 7th to
Deo. 31 tt Inol.
subjects enslaved in darkness, with its
endless gallows, with Its Schluessel-
burgs and its Siberia, with Its suppression of the revolution, 'with its pogroms, hooligans and black hundreds,
with its Pan-Slavism and mediaeval
barbarism, with Its treacherous diplomacy and shameless camarilla is always craving for war and caniiot for
a moment ...be' considered guiltless in
■the conflagration. Deteriorated Austria 'with its usurpation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina, with Its internal decomposition and endless intrigues, with
Its" ultimatum and war on Servia is as
black as -black can be. And the French
Republic, the land where the liberty
of Europe was (born, the land of the
greatest encyclopaedists, of the greatest revolution, the land of Comte and
Pasteur, the land of the Paris Commune? The French Socialist Deputy
Paoli was right In emphasizing at the
French National Socialist congress in
Paris, in July, tliat we (Frenchmen)
also sinned by allowing the colonization of Morrocco.
But Germany—the land of Kant and
Goethe, of Helmlioltz and Vircliow, of
KnocK and Ehrllch, of Hacckel and
Oswald—'the nation of thinkers (den-
kervolk)—is the main culprit. Ger-
many is the military state par eu'e-l-
leaice, the only state Iu the world that
■bttdTTrel i~eqnippBa^randmirwm7"of
about 1,000,000 men ready to fight;
Germany has the best instruments for
killing and murdering en masses, so
that hundreds and thousands may be
killed from the distance of five to nine
miles; Krupp's unsurpassed murderous weaqons are the creation of Germany and the Emperor the Intimate
friend of the Ueceaser Krupp and of
his living daughter! Zeppelin, the
great Inventor, Is a German count, a
junker, and all the previous failures
and destructions of the Zeppelin airships did not disqualify or discourage
him uatll he reached his goal; perfection of ihis airships—to be best able
to kill human beings, to destroy Ute
results of Inherited treasures of the
world's work—old cities, works of art,
■seats of learning, etc, even old trees
—by bombs from above. All the resources of science, of electrical chem
leal and technical knowledge have
(been utilized to the utmost by the
German Government with the sole pur
pose to perfect the modes of destroy
ing Hfe and happiness on earth,
What the Germans do they do
thoroughly and efficiently.
It is Germany, where Uie whole nation is actually drilled from the cradle
to the grave, so to say, for war; where
there I* « whole separate military aristocratic class (junkers) living tbelr
whole life in tbe study and expectation ot and tbe aspiration and preparation for war.
It 4s Germany, where the Kaiser i«
actually as omnipotent as the Cxar of
Uu«*Ui, with Ute ditfereuctt ot n finer
pollth, clever system and strict order.
Having for bis support and glorification a parleying, powerless parliament (eham parliament, the so-ealJed
Reichstag) and ail the development
of Genman science, culture and abilities, ht handles them masterfully;
"Until here and no further! As long
aa t Uke and until I am ready, you
can play your role* as marionettes
snd you are free to follow up your
work, but when I do not like tt lor
whan t need It. you ara my slave*,
my support, my helpers and sustain-
ers!"
It is Germany, which a year ago
made -the compulsory assessment of,
or actually confiscated, $250,000,000
from the inhabitants — the greatest
amount ever sacrificed to one lump
sum on the altar of militarism. Germany it is which has the best, most
efficient submarines, where everything was ready at a m-oment's notice.
Imagine, new shoes and new equipment for 900,000 men—presto! Everything ready at the stroke of the clock,
In short, in almost every respect, on
land, under the surface of the water
and up in the sky, the German murderous weapons are superb.
With systematic zeal, almost with
s-elentt.if.Jc endurance, Germany pre-
•pared Itself all the years for the war
just as the Individual prepares-.himself to he qualified for a certain profession. First, the elementary school
then the high school, the college and
the school for a special vocation until
you -pass your final examination and
get your license for acitive professional work. The apparent Lord of Peace
was in reality the Lord of War, the
Professor of War. It took twenty-five,
aye, forty-three yeqrs, until all the preliminary studies were gradually concluded, until all the preparatory work
was finished, and now, Anno Domini
1914, the pupil procured his license
and entered service.     ...
Whoever reads with open eyes the
German, English and Russian governmental White Papers, cannot avoid
the conclusion'* that Germany stood
behind Austria and could-have prevented the war very easily by saying
to Austria; "Desist, temporize!" Germany presented Austria's claim
against Servia — "regicide" — more
emphatically than Austria itself did
it. Germany refused all the propositions of the English Cabinet for a
combined examination by France,
Italy, Germany and England of the
so-called' "casus belli" and of the
means of pacification. Afterwards,
Germany put up (and unfortunately
hypnotized- by it the German Social-
Democracy too) the pretext of a clearance account with despotic, Asiatic j
Kus&ia, invaded Belgium and directed
stant6 the fire, even if the combustible
material was prepared tn company
with all his accomplices is chiefly
guilty of arson.
Under divine inspiration and by the
grace of God, Germany raised the
torch of incendiarism and vandalism.
God help us, the iron cross, because
God helped you, God, God and God
at every step, in every scrap of paper—God is guiding Uie numberless
murders committed by the will and
order of W., Rex!
He who followed up the Emperor's
career (curriculum vitae) since the
death of 'his father, he who read his
speeches during many years, who remembers his imputations—in time of
peace—to "My soldiers," to "My
army," to be ready to kill anybody
by his order, his stamping the millions of German Socialists as vagabonds without a country (Vaterland-
slose Gesellen)—they are, unfortunately, no more so!—his sic volo, sic
jubeo! his declaration of martial la,w
all over Germany and the mobilization days ahead before his declaration of war, etc., will say: lt is apparent the present ruler of Germany
is trying his very best not only to
emulate Napoleon Bonaparte, but to
surpass him. I .would rather omit to
mention the diagnosis and therapy of
the alienist in such a case.
During my stay in Berlin, at the
end of August, I read an editorial of
one of the most influential daily, papers there. I think it was the Loka-
lanzeiger. The salient point was:
"We are going to destroy the -pseudo-
civilization of western' Europe and
the despotic regime of Russia (sic!),
and we .wiil establish the German
military state in Europe." Brussels;
Lou-vain, Rheims, -Maltnes, Antwerp,
the assessments levied upon the innocent ■■ Belgians are the premonitory
Signs "Of this glorious future.—X.Y,
Call.   ■,,
THE LATE BISHOP SPAULDING'S
WARNING TO THE RICH!
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah—Wages do
net support religion. Every cent the
rich contribute to religious palaces
is ground out of the laboring classbs
who are clamoring for bread.
The rich discuss prayers and hymns
lu their upholstered pews and forget
or refuse to recognize that there are
millions whose hearts are too -heavy
to slug and whose faith Is too weak to
pray.
We watch bishops and priests in
holy vestments and forget the millions
who have only rags to wear!
These charges were hurled into the
teeth of a "swell" Xew York eongre-
class conscious worker to repudiate
organized Christianity as a charity
which the same self-respect forces
him to despise. It has no connection
with the justice for which he longs,
but he knows he must struggle for
him&elf.
"My friends, we hope ourselves into
false satisfaction. We come to general conventions of capitalists'and the
church seems to be wonderfully prosperous. We worship in a great church
like tills, and it makes us forget the
slums just over the way. We watch
bishops and priests in holy vestments
and we forget the millions who ha.-e
only rags tn wear. We debate our
canons and names, and we forget t^e
toiling workers who are pleading for
a living wage. We discuss hymns and
prayers, and we forget that there are
tens of thousands whose hearts are
too heavy to sing and whose faith is
too weak to pray.
"Surely there can be no doubt on
which side the church of Jesus Christ
ought to stand when the issue is between dollars and men. Shall not the
church set her face against a'competitive .system of industry, which In-evnta-
Dly involves the exploitation of men,
women and little children?
"She must surely stand for,a social
system in, which production shall be
for use and not fpr profit, in which
the worker shall &e - rewarded on-the
bails'o-f the service he renders and in
which every child shall have a chance,
not as an act of charity but as a God-
gheri" right, to all that makes for a
full and joyous and useful life.
"T..e church must stand on the solid
ground,of economic truth. She must
not be ashamed to learn -the lesson
God teaches mien—-through the. f ooi ish
and weak things of the ea-rth—that
labor, not capital, is the .basis or all
value, that then at their worst nre
worth more than dollars at their best.
"She must uot urge the rich to te
kind and generous and give to laboring men more time and more money
except as a merely temporary expedient, hut she must rather take her
place on the side of the worker, giving him from her -Master "sefl-control
and courage and hope'and faith, so
that he" may fight his battle aaid win
has victory, which is'not his victory
alone, but the victory of society; the
victory of co-operation over competition, of love over selfishness.
"In a single word, the church, if* she
MANY YEARS
"Frnit-a-firo" With The
Best ot Results.
■fl
tBe~maIirTorceTirgialhst Frahce7""To
crush France. It ls Germany, which,
with systematic cruelty, scientifically
committed and commits such atrocities in Belgium and France, which
put the misdeeds of all the Neros,
Caligulas and Alexanders, etc., in the
shade. Germany Is surrounded by
enemies? Yes by enemies whom it
hns created Itself by the annexation
pf Alsac-Lorralne,, by its terrible militarism, by Us worshipping th-e credo,
"might Is right," by Its provocations
and diplomatic deceits,
It is a 'fact known to every unbiased
and eloeo observer; that France did
not want to go to war at all. True
enough, it feared Germany and felt
compelled—and a great misfortune, a
horrid crime It was against which
.lean Jaures fought all the time—lo
ally with the Czar of Russia In order
to calm the furor teutonlcus, And In
view of tho decent gigantic preparations and war resources of Germany
und undor pressure nnd under threat
of Russia to sever the alliance, France
hns passed the three yenrs* -service
hill (n scrap of paper now) very reluctantly and agalnat mighty opposition. It ts further a fact that the Revanche Idea In France wna dying out
completely. Jean Jaures and all his
party, many scientists, artists nnd literary men, did their utmost, and successfully too, to bring about the pwat
cordial relations between the French
and tbe German people. Up to the
last minutes of his life, Jean Jaures
ran from one Minister to tbe other to
drive out Um d«moii w«r end lo accomplish the maintenance of peace,
Dut what was the une? Germany, using the oaae of Austria ss a pretext,
the mighty legal, or rather, illegal, adviser of Austria, rebuked all and every
plan of pacification and "-Nona possu-
mus!" (we cannot) was the answer.
The aame telegram announced tbe a«-
aaaetoation of Jaures in Parts and tbe
jtaclara-tfon of martial kw sll over Germany by tbe Lord of Peace tn Berlin
"We are at war!" Who 6*e1nr*4 th#
European war?   He wbo deliberately
gati-orTa-shoi^TTnie^eTore~iris (JeaTIf
by tlie late Bishop Spaulding. of Utah,
who was killed in a motor accident
near this city.
Bishop Spaulding denounced the system contributing to the support of the
modern church in a sermon entitled,
"Democracy and the Church,"
He said:
"Human society Is stratified and the
various strata are so Insulated that it,
is very difficult for any man to cross
cut tills social stratification. If he
thinks ho has succeeded in undertaking the thoughts and longings of the
men In one social layer, lt ls desperately herd for him to Interpret them
convincingly to those In another.
"It Is probably' safe to say that each
one of the aly deputies of this general
convention has nt least ten times as
much income as the workingmen of
this country. That means that your
Income averages from $3,500 to $0,500
a year. How would you Uke to Mve
on Just one-tenth of what you spend
today? Put it this way. All good
churchmen, of co«r«o, give one-tenth
of their Income to the Lord, Now,
how would you, lay deputies to the
general convention, llko to be compelled this coming year to provide for
nil your necessities and all your luxuries and nil your pleasures, all you
spent on your friends, all your clothes
all your books, all your recreations,
on what you gave last year to tho
Lord?
"When the wage scnlc is worked out,
It is worked out on thc basis of the
Imrw necessities of life. Now, except
In cases so rare that they may be ncg-
lected, religion Im not reckoned a» oue
ot life's necessities, Therefore, wages
do not support religion.
"If religion Is supported, it is hup-
ported out of profits, not out of waccs.
It is, therefore, ln thn judgment of
the class-conscious worker a gift of
the rich made possible through plundering the workers. If the church li
endowed It is supported hy pa*t plundering*.
"Therefore, self-respect require* the
GEORQE MCKAY ESQ.
Kippkn, Ont. , June 17th. 1913.
"I have beeu using■ "Fruit-a-tives"
as a family remedy for many years.
They are the best medicine I have
ever tried. "Fruit-a-tives" do me the
most good—they never gripe and their
action is pleasant.
"I have used them for Indigestion
and Constipation with the bestresults,
and I heartily recommend them to
anyone similarly afflicted.
These troubles have leftme complete,
ly andlgive "Fruit-a-tives" full credit
for all this. A nicer pill a man
cannot take."
GEORGE McKAY.
The enormous demand for "Fruit-a-
tives" is steadily increasing, due to the
fact that this wonderful fruit medicine
gives prompt relief in all cases of
-.Indigestion, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Rheumatism, Chronic,
Headaches, and Neuralgia, and all
Kidney and Bladder Troubles.
50c a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
Sold by all dealers or sent on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
is to be a real power in tlve twentieth
century, must cease to be merely the
almoner of the rich and become the
champion of the poor."-—V."-.M. \V. of
A. Journal. ,
quickly stops coughs, cures colij, and heals
tiie throat and l>mjs.        :: £j cents-
%
ft
PL
Iddeei
'<«p
"Corson's" are exclusively found on
the dressing tables
of discriminating
gentlewomen. They
prefer Corson's
because of the delicate refinement and
the charm of the
exclusive Corson
odors.
Sold by all druggist*.
KovuitiaN rssn-MU umit«o
TORONTO, ONT.
EEM
 *   '
Limit five tnntttm.     ttss-ovtr
awl enttfislen privileges.
FULL INrOHMATION re rail snd
ttfJMf-*Mj.   *l9l>t*t   19999    •»»  TtfM
AgS-Ma, m writer
It Dawion
Otetrte* Peoemmt *••»*,
Calcify       •>       Alberta
The Great
Masterpiece
jl"   »'*v*u     ,!A'l<i>iS|1JU'ii'« •i'" '»"""	
SPARTACUS
To Bo 8hown
at tho
mmm,t*.'Htmtt*l
Something Original—that's the
cry of every buyer of printing.
fl If every print shop could or would work character
into their product there would'nt be so much common
place printing.
fl We'l! be glad of an opportunity to prove to you
that when your printing ia plaoed with us there will be
character to it.
flOur new type faces will do that alone, but
there'll be more than up-to-dateness in type faces.
There will be care taken in the arrangement of the type
—good ink will be used—the proper class of paper for
the work will be selected, and if it requires illustrating
we'll see that suitable cuts are used.
^-r—-sr
"'•Pi-we'1" »m*,w»M*i,*f*-*'" *»'-*S''y<V
THE
mmm
Bellevue Hotel
OOMMBROIAL   HOUSE
NiOsVAirsnnairaistfg
BMaaswaRSfa
St:L*j?'JSHSiSSiniBffi'TMHI ' 'tannSm
PHOBrflDNOLWB WEn* vmtm
* r^ttaiRir SmBnnS
flit ft nn rami
,ii omar
tleaMlelt'e Drwf Stera, >er*te, ■ C.
>*■;*■'■:: irxmm-m*syx
*if*W-»w54';
■est Accommodation in tht I'stt.—
Up-te-Oatt — Every   Cnnvtnitnct,..
Cxcelisnt Cuisine.
'■*■-■■»*•*- >v*   ••*«•■*•  AMU MtNTLCMfN
J. A. OALLAN, Prop,
BELLEVUE, Alta.
»       I    "   x
* .#^l-, f«l?:/i       •-.-;
,      Afc-, r
-.~.9JijU
:& hates, m
**t*nn£ ■Ai*47S
AtaS   *IL,-
VltW Of ROMAN ARENA IN   WHICH  OLAOIATORt  FOUOHT
THEATRE
Sat. and Mon.
Oct, 31, Nov. 2
™? WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop. l. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine    American and
European Plan     Electric Light
Hot & Cold Water  Sample Rooms
Phones- Special Rates by the month
Esrifwii Wan Meem Uttm
Mtttiiiptwit
American Rut Sites
•100 par Day PAGE FOUB
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, FERNIE,  B. C, OCTOBER 31, 1914
£l)c MtAxxtl £tb%tx
Published every Thursday evening: at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
one elass is in a better position than another to
meet -the coming "winter.
Investigate, enquire, do -what you like, but remember, that is not going to fill empty stomachs.
The men want work and are willing to do same;
all require to eat; and must do so to live.
(Ciiutiuned from Pnge Onej
THE CITY HAS FIVE WEEKS TO OFFER AND
THEN ?
Last Sunday's ■meeting railed to devise ways and
means to meet the present distress eannot elaim to
liave been a great success. Beyond the usual assurances of the Mayor lhat the city finances are
in a first class condition and the appointing of a
committee, there was nothing done. Of course,
it is understood that any work the meeting might
do would bc- more or less of a preliminary nature—
appoint committees, outline schemes of relief, etc.
■Hut the strangest ipart of the whole business, the
first matter that seemed to attract the attention
of the meeting was the question of investigation
and the ability of the Ladies' Benevolent Society
to conduct these investigations. The chairman
could see nothing for it but investigation. Evidently the investigation was necessary to see that
iu- one got too much; that the relief funds w-jre
not imposed upon by lazy, thriftless scoundrels.
The mayor cited a case of one man who refused to
work, and ho was told by the police that if he did
not work he would be jailed. This, in our opinion
i.- a just and proper method lo pursue—if a man
expects tt> live without work, jail him! Sure!
Better still, get a 1'evr men together with a ladder
and give him a ride, tliis is a method adopted in
sLine counties of the old country lo cure the indolent and lazy ones.
There was one peculiar phase of this investigation business ancl that was the desire to investigate
tho^e who had nothing and not to investigate the
••ase of those who had more than enough. If a
man applied for relief lie was to have his case enquire into, whether it was thought the enquiry j
would fill his stomach or those of his family, was
—not-espltH-nedi We^HM-^ittHtr^y-that-nrrrjHinr
men will apply for relidf'who do not really need it
this winter. While there may be some who will
«,et $;"> more than another, this is nothing more than
we see happening all around us under our present
WHO HAS SEEJf BILLY ROSS?
That the Civic authorities are at least doing
something looking toward an amelioration of the
prevalent distress cannot be gainsaid, but so far
little has been seen of any great effort made in this
constituency by the Provincial authorities. We
do not hear anything about the marvellous prosperity that, would be continuous if the Conservative
Party held full sway over the destinies of this the
most westerly province. AVe never 'were foolish
enough to think that either Liberals or Conservative representative could prevent periods of adversity, neither do we contend that if this riding
had a Socialist member; nay, more, even if the
majority in the Parliamentary dwelling at Victoria
were Socialists, with Capitalism still in full force
and. vigor elsewhere, could these cycles of distress
be averted. To those who labored under the delusion that Fernie would be well 'eared for provided a Conservative was elected as their member
should, in view of the present emergency, write to
their representative, Win. H. lioss, and ask. what
he is going to do about it? Candidly speaking,
neither he nor any of his confreres can do much so
Jong as the profit system continues, save here and
there dole out a few crumbs that may appease temporarily and nothing more.
lt is to those misguided individuals among the
working class who hypnotize themselves into the
belief that blind adherence to old party polities
will bring them out of the 'wilderness that we address ourselves and ask them in all sincerity, is it
not high time that tliey were doing a little investigating on their own behalf. Investigation being
the order of the day why not demonstrate the force
of the old copybook sentence ''Imitation is the sin-
cerest form of flattery," and become ardent investigators.
Pressure of work cannot be advanced as an excuse, neither can it be stated that "I'm- doing well,
why should 1 bother?" when even those who last
year flattered themselves that all -went well with
them, are at present haunted by the dread spectre
of uncertainty as to the future. Think it over
seriously. .Mr. Workingman, ask yourself these
questions:
What did W. R. Ross promise to do if elected,
and what promises have been fulfilled?
1    It would be well to be prepared so that when
election comes around you will not be so easily
,n@p^n*a.ded_*as_y*ouJutue-hoi'£-t-ofox'*o-bosiJ» _____
post In -the. sense of inspecting it; at
any nate not until after the accident
occurred, and I am not certain that he
even saw it then. Then, Morrow,
upon *he question having arisen during
Haney's evidence, whether the post
was sufficient or not, was called and
■to the surprise of counsel for the defence, he stated that Hie, upon Ibeing
applied to,-obitaiined a. new *post in lieu
of the one he had seen fit to use for
his own work, that .the necessary measurements were made hy Haney, and
that Haney 'was present when the post
was cut the desired length from six
teen feet and later that he assisted
Haney in putting the post in .position.
If'.tihis he the fact, then Haney was on
behalf of the company abusing a good
system, by inserting an insufficient
post for that purpose,
I am met then with the 'peculiar conflicting evidence; a witness called by
the defence 'Is flatly -contradicted by
a witness on the same side. I find
difficulty, however, in dealing with
the matter for the reason, while to
some extent Morrow understands the
English language, still -he is a foreigner and most ot his evidence had to
be taken through an Interpreter, but
on this point he was firm and appeared to understand what he was saying.
There was no object .in the fact of this
positive statement of recallimg Haney
for the purpose of contradicting Morrow. I aim unaible .between these two
conflicting statements to come to any
satisfactory conclusion, and ifor seasons I will shortly outline. I think
It unnecessary for me to accept the
task. I think in any event, whether
Haney measured the post, saw It out,
and assisted in placing it in position
or not, that 'he was bound to see that
a post of the proper quality was afforded in that incline and was safe
and proper, and he failed lo carry out
his duty in that connection.
The next point to consider Is whether his flailure is one to bring -the liability under the Employer's Liability
Act, or does his failure, coupled with
the lack of inspection, amount to liability at Common Law.
Considering the time that elapsed
between the Installation of this post
and the accident, I do not think the defendant company is liable for the lack
of inspection of that particular -post,
and this leaves thein only liable under
the Employer's Liability Act. I consider that it was a negligent aot ou
the part of a superintendent, or an
official holding a position within' the
meaning of superintendent under the
Aet. 	
EMIL TbPAY versus CROW'S NEST  being negligent and being contrary.to
PASS COAL COMPANY LIMITED  flhe requirements   in  connection w&Lb
the ihoistin& of miners iu the an-ine.
Here I have found that the negligence
is that of an official In misapplying-'a
proper system which did not continue
long enough to create the presumption that the defendant company 'became aware of its existence. It nmghst
be successfully contended that in any
event there was a liability for breach
of statutory obligation. It is with
hesitation, that I refrain from -holding
tlie defendant company liable at Common Law under rule 15.
Falling thus to hold the defendant
company liable under that nule, and
having already referred to the other
branoh of Comimo-n Law liability!, it
only remains to consider the point
wheflher the plaintiff is entitled, ibeing
an alien enemy, to consideration at
•the hands of the court.     ^
Generally speaking, an alien enemy
cannot resort to our courts for protection. It was thought advisable, since
the commencement of the -present war
to provide by Ond'er-in--€oun-cil, as to
the rights and'liabilities of Germans
and Austro-Hungariaus. The plaintiff
is an Austrian and comes within the
provision of this Order-in-Council. It
provides tliat all persons in Canada of
German or Auafcro-OTurigarian nationality ighall, so long as they quietly pursue ordlnany avocations, be allowed to
continue to enjoy the protection of the
law and be accorded the respect and
consideration due to peaceful and law-
abiding citizens. It is submitted on
behalf of the defendant, company that
the protection of the law referred to in
this Order-in-Council should receive a
restricted consideration. How far tttat
restriction is to go I cani hardly appreciate. . I presume then au Austrian walking our streets would .be entitled to the protection of the law to the
sense that if Jie were assaulted', he
could seek the authorities for protection. If his proprety were stolen he
could assume the like course; then
why deprive ihim of the right of redress through -the negligence of 'his
employer? It Is a matter that might
we!J be dealt with by a Court of Appeal, hut 1 feel wich ttie material at
my disposal that the restricted construction sought should not be allowed. I feel that the Austrian plaintiff
in this action, residing peacefully, I
take it, In our community and pursuing his ordinary avocation, should be
entitled to tlie benefit of the law and
recover whatever damages he may be
entitled to.
As to the question of damages, the
evidence supplied was not as clear or
as sufficient as I iwould have desired,
however, I take it, that the plaintiff
having shown the rate of wage he was
noirmhur  at   tho, tlmt.■.nf--t:lift ■at*t*lAt*ni_
ITALY'S ATTITUDE AND THE REASON
The action of Italy has been severely censured by
system.     The tradesman who is smart enough to | the German, war party.     A number of the arm-
beat a competing tradesman gets the trade, and he j •-•hair philosophers among the Allies regard Italy
works for it with his brains; the "person who gets! »,« actuated by a desire lo share in the spoils with
five dollars more ihan another out of this relief
fund  ig only emulating the beautiful example of
No   Matter   How  Well
You Feel
Your appetite is bound to feel the need of something exceptionally tasty and good at this particular' season, and
being careful about the meat you fancy is an important fac-
tor. - .     x   ■
Government Inspected
Meats
Kept fresh and clean until served on the table is something
you should insist on. Don't think that because we give you
high grade meat that our prices are high.
"QUALITY OUR HOBBY"
The 41 Market Co.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We c&ter to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
oui a resort to arms, a passive resistance,   so   to
speak.     The Socialists claim that it is the .strength!
our system—get all you can. regardless of thc mc  aud opposition of that party that is the deteriiiinat
lliod.      Thc present  system corrupts people and j ing'faetor, and whilst there is undoubtedly an eh'
then we hold up our hands in horror when we henri »*»**»*t of logic in the assertion, it is more than pro
of beautiful charity being imposed upon. j bable that the basic reason for Italy's nou-ititer-
Thc city will only be able to give some five on iVrenceis the internal economic pressure aggravat-
six weeks more work and then--— "Well it imistjed and intensified by the not-yet-memory blurred
lie charity. Thc city is paying the men working* recollections of the.Tripolitan war, the aftermath
*2.-T) per day. It lu|s been found necessary tojof which is most keenly felt, due to the excessive
make a cut in the rate of fifty cent*, why is not ex-1 tax imposition under which the people are grumhl-
plained vory thoroughly. It has been stated 'hy; ing.
those in charge of the city work that the men en-1    Such a state of affairs puts the great masses in
gaged on the relief work have so far proved themselves e<|iial to Ihose permanently engaged.     It
•AiSStlier feature "tit the case was as
to whether or not the past supplied
was sufficient. I obtained the Impression from Haney's evidence that Jf a
longer post, or at. any rate a post that
reached from ihe tie in front of the
point shown on the plan, up to the
stringer In the roof, had been used, It
would have been a safe mode to have
adopted and the car* would not have
broken away, I am satisfied that had
\such a course been adopted and had
a poet of such length been used, It
would make no difference whether
there w«» n .hole in the floor of Uie Incline or whether such hole, even If
there, had been cleaned out preparatory to the occasion referred to. • So
that In this coneotlon l find through
the negligence of either Haney or
eome one whose duty lt was to provide
a supply of proper material; there wae
alao negligenice nnd a liability follows
anJer the act.
Viiere U another branch of tbe case
which presents conilderable difficulty,
nnd tbat l« an -to whether the leet portion of Huh* K> of Section Ul of the
Coal Mine* K-fKUlatlou Aet operate* 'o
create a liability »t Common Law against the defendant company. It rends
a* particularly iiciiuicscent mood toward the propaganda of the Anti-Militarist. Sue in Hut and Anar-
was stated to us that three men loaded 4.'i loads J cliistie clenieuls.
uf scrapings off the street iu ten hour*, mi- au aver-!    Again, the condition of both the army and navy
of 1"i load* per mnn.   This appears lo us lo be a j leaves much to be deaired from a military stand-
fair'-day'* work for *2.*2.%. in fad so "fair" thai we] point insofar as fighting material* aro voiitt»rn«l j at followi:
do not intend to at tempi it ourselves if we can
avoid it,     Now. thoso in chaw have been eiwn-
plaining of the lack of thrift among the Kngli«lt-
Kiuine, etc.. in not ealeulatetl to be regarded •wlthj other Mjllable eppBWtun to effectively
indifference by the mihjeetx of King Emmanuel.    \ vrevwit aecWenti."
Ity way of di«re»«i«m il may be well to utile that >   ' •»•«•* Slr ««"«*»<»• **«"» » «">der>
Rpeaking miners, and some have gone m far an <»•
atate that this condition is peculiar to Kii«!i**li-
Hpeakinir people.      The foreign speaking element i
It is not outside the range of possibility that Italy;   "Thew ■»»«» be proved at every
mav be embroiled in the fight \wettm Austria V^- ^f*^ i-luae. aad lacllae.
,   ,.      ... .    _, . whether •©If-aetlasr or ot*erwli». atop-
treatment of l.er Italian bom citizen* in Trieste.I Woetes  dftralU„K §wKfch<Hi, dwti or
'i,
.'.'!'
lv
»t«*nd tt* fnr ttn o-wreMne the mine*
that in the absence of evidence to the
contrary, I can assume it te a proper
basis upon which to estimate earnings
for three years. This matter wae
dealt with by Chief Justice -Meredith.
In Ontario, and I follow the oourse
pursued by him ln determining Uie amount of damages to be allowed. I take
the number of working days for each
year and multiply by the rate of wage,
namely $2.73, and the plaintiff will
thus be entitled to recover tihe sum of
twenty-flve hundred dollars ($2,500.00)
There will be judgment accordingly
with cost*.
If I had allowed the claim of the
plaintiff at Comaion Law, I would liave
awarded damages In the sum of four
Miousana dollars, ($1,000);
The solicitors In the ca«e were: For
the plaintiff, Messrs. Ma-cneil and -Han-
well.    For defendant company. Mewrs
Her<rth>nier and Martin.
„_  ■   ■    i
"8PARTACUS" AT THE ORPHEUM
The Orpheum management will pre.
sent ttiis great historical film to Mie
people of Fernie on Saturday and (Monday, October Slit and November 2nd.
Jamos O'DonsId Bennett, proclaimed
as Chicago's greatest dramatic editor,
write* In the Record Hcratd under date
of .May l*kh:
"H is all extraordinary vast and
vlvM In Its way, and It t* unfolded
with sufficient dramatic skill to produce a thrill. At the close of the two
and a half henw of triumphal entries;
Inv   *ppn**'   fmif»r:it    Hfr«.    r>i\%r\oi
35123
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy la our old line
company, you can go off ok your
vacation or visit the -ends of the
earth and you know you're secure. , The best in
FIRE INSURANCE
le always cheapest: and especially so when it doesn't cost
higher. Don't deiay about that
renewal or about that extra insurance you want but come right
in ait once and have it attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
FERNIE, B. C
"C
jpSSfSJSISISJSIBISISISIS^
Established April 1899
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail   TouCtCCOfltSt
BARBER   SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILI MbD ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
'/.
■<J
C
Our Coffee is Good
D
♦■»"■> " '""l '"'""•' "> ;u"'"      ll"* *»-'*•«"•"' | \"U*.T *»■<->■«* iUl"* I*;1'1' Ui ;l» \"'M'*«'» »'jh roftcwuMi, |» mneul Manager et|ra«,, mwhM, countwnarches. and I
is deliberately falnc and uiialciiding. ll n an un \ hostilities and now industrial pttritly*H is- exceed- Vmi rrwki 8„ ,0 how h0 miVnta this I combats, the spectators. r*pl«**> with I
warranted rciiceiion upon Uie KiikUhii .Kpeukiug j iugiy a.tuc, .\|.-al i* mil «»( reach **i inui-dmi* **i rul«. and he elated that the "post »?•• j Rome, applaud the vanishing film* and j
man and  hiijukI to 1h*t» foreimicr who h ciptaUyt limii-»aiid*. fa-clone* are elowd down emnplelfly hi-tern" mm* under Jhat portion of   the j <j«pirt In the Klnrt certainty that they'
mn'-h in want a* hi* confrere      The people who
spread tale* like thi* generally tell you when en
•(Hiring for their source. "(Hi, «w» I wa* told."
(ilctdtftoiic I.<e-nl i'liioii ha* luol npplietttioiiti for
relief froi all eludes, while the t'ity Kngineer luii
infix nt every witiomiltty working, Kvery indivi-
dual with ii fumily wim bin* been working at Coal
«>eek ix, or shortly will he. upon the verge t*t *tar-
-,,»t'i.>i». Wt.r-k !***» S*»m» Iwid f«*T *h*- !<*»! A,%'.:1
mouth* ««id if i* the {irente«l »th*tirdily to *■*%• flint
M.im> imvu* ami to make matter* wnr*. manv Ita!-  raI,« nfntm to "«iUW» «IH"M»ti»." f have toi their aaarter** woHh.   Atter
i It wortMt «H»pw th«n that tfie rom- j n vli>w of It th ebeholder it read)* to
ians who were i„ tJernianv nnd Anuria whe,, *«r!pM|r tmUn,h tM ,,,„ pm Brwm{MUntt m mumm Qt |h, Amtl.
wa-* declared have returned to their Tornier Imiitfn| HWl| t! th», ,wjnl ,„ nation, I* a ealt-Uan (Motion Picture Impranarlo that
wilh niiiall exchequer*.   The war parly in  Italy, *!»!*-■ nwanMit* awl thus the rale re- the Paiciualls Dtnplo.v sviteniuinerariee,
Iin* untie of the dominant ehnrne1eri*t ie* of the C„>r* ■ (*rr*1 to Is Wna r-omi-itlwl with. I {not hy t*w> hundred*, lint* hy *he thoa-
iiian*. nor ar*» the nwwi-e* of the worker* of th»>' '"*'* *ltm*> retire* to th* feci tfcat | nude In the staging of the ptny before
'" weU-dweijiHnitvl
Iran, flicit tmiipeinttietit I* of the demnitntraiive  ,hf m»mer indicate*.  * Iloes lh* de-;country.!,!..      whtn the film rtowe
i,-,',^!!...;^ f.-s'.l.ff th.v;'. «if '.!.. j4ji!«*,»|«Si^**S »•{*§».>»(.-. (its:, U&*. ts*»i*i*s.> tm,. -«-pe \'n&',',tt) mte&fi  %vaixa*ii*   oaiiin*    t'km    gM-dMtor*
Ti,i<( l» pi- of the lierotHii u'orU-vr. > '"'•'■* tt,:*- 'x* ' iu%t tmad It (wtrrtded agattmt lie Roman *rmy, «ft -mile* of
 '                                                                                j» defective end tnttiflf-Hent system ttt
7!"™WW*'™*,5'!W,!',S,*!B^^ epmrntn*.
I wttr ptrtefe* mk*n br fberrr H*ortm, Miiw ik*r hid *n*wt. A Ytrr fit**-**-;    j ft,,.j ^at ttn'v«« Is a great ilea! of
trn* of tlie IVntiMi • .»• tlie *■,*-■ thp IWt  "Jr*!fm  mWn t">  '  •»*«»*>• S »•   "™«™* «'»d   U»al **«•   mllOpoA \
»jjh oi tu*   1'inim.   ti u     nj^rain^ it 'a iiadi»»mi provided injtJwrtr p«<«pl« over iMgues at iwilan
WkPt PtCTURIS AT THt IStS
  jtw-fM kmmn p1moKrnpb*r snd nptrini! em fMitnr* ot the ev*nl»« w«* th#» nt*\ *Tf>ng*h In tfir tdaliittfTo contention
The Atii**rjM corw»|K»n«teftt ol (He'i^iMit fo«r th* Itelgien -p»viTnin»nt    i.pnMlatJoq  the brotbnn   and    their (n(t % Hea tnrxk*r Impressed by eem
r,,-.,*~„   In"- Vi»«r» kp**-**' w In**nmt**t*  * i
lee ltttt9r\itrir *U-h f*h-»-m" K#fl««n, »*# * '•*(%,*, fv-««•*r>i*-*H>y-» t** *ir*tv*tt-" *t*A *X**' ***ii*i***. h*- *i*t* fi«^i.«» Mutt*-***.* */* -m# * ■»<»
I-I.-* t,.:„,.,9,0,
Tl,
^iw4;■
f'u'V,,
r*(,i.
rjimen»m»in who I* talrtne -M-ctariw of •fj*»rm«o« f?nt-«iHait lira-wet*"   T»MMie»*rVv(it r"«w»?»ny, nad rtiey *»ro*#d l«'
j-■iny.     1 *re a aiilJ«icUa», kaweattT,
the wer for the rntv-weal Him C5o   ; • ui tie ilboon It potmti by Ot* tk C. tbt tiutomarr fa*Woa by living giree \ i» t^.t ^^ trom tk* tnt»n t**tet* om
l ined no g*t p»e*UM**i <»i 'nbeU* | tawnt of (!*mmi • efceere for W. H. Wllaea awl ttro. T.;|» tlw grewent trtel.  TPrnto wm tto
etplodtnt." *J»e mtiA, 'bat It *•» nest* .__„„..,„ | phill «ho had bom m MtereMfnl ifl  flmHii* of a fnrj *« to ttie »i»pfitt«
*n   iittiti    -r*  •*>*r   h^-HH\   thtt**   tin 1. O. O. M. •OCtAt. ■,»*, tr*-*- ♦)«-*<»  «-»i|t   #*mt*i~%*-   •»■*■•>•» '."v* m^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
htmber tmermtnl eoelel. • ttmur-    n* bmketn   ere   *t*n»bi»!   to!'"""™" Bl"1 '
territory arewnd Rome  are  rovered.
And the mwtrtt gweep) aeroai Ktreamt,
over hill* aod down pittlpk**, with
n unlie Tiefr«i o no i|eHucr,if(» itiat. (lie
amtttimtmtm that It ia make^elleYe
<i*.*,•■.   *t««t««w««,   au m*4mxt*m tw tMtn-i
l(.',.'l*.    - T.i (.' i    .v.-1    |»,ijj,JMv |   ttHtXi*   iVtU1
r*fvi3», iiitt-imAui) iknttol botHM, Ux*
tto own wlmn en™ 11 mipeif eiMHaf^t*
At Um Orpheam tkexomey nm Mor.-J
toy.
tho film,   fn
«»e;^f*** MX..
mf to try t-
ntaiH-f,  *
the tren-rhe*. too. « :•>
*> *  i
httU mhtr eottoh la th» nt*t im:-.-:**
r»'A**t fcrwtai. It •*-*«» lo * *»#**•***, tt pmkLklk*. ttiea the m* pt*
t get *piet»re>.     ror in] »Iow*.   Tblts order l» ttetomiop tttmmt. Mv.l alt* *n oeeaideaal tuM**, »hii**. it'
whu lave ntt.-tx tuftt die, for tte manner S» whlc-ti the* b%tv1b   |» miu* ymnM* Urni imt**St* «»a.»i,«
from -ballef* ■sn-t #^rsi!«el ■*»»*>* rtnU* the iweial end et th#4r mm* •od the  wrtiel nttft -tlmt *t*r**k. m.^r fer*d*e a
well that th#.v *la«»l> *it|* ff>rw»nd • | awn*rt»t*tea #*«»» tm M«wtsy nitht; f|»n (n,m t!w prrent tola* in tk* n*ot \
Hi»if fli,<'i    .if-   n'ss.i*- 'i:..,i*»- U (!>nii.th**l.   '■»• *•!** '•»•'» '-'•*■ u* ■*-*'» U.»'*v ftfU'U'!,.-.. i.-n   <n-iur<- .
Tkey An mt. nine their ritle* l« ih*! tmpte tmtbMtnm that, the iMoae km*r. , ———- ■* *■ (
asr nnt\ fi;'*-   -i a iK-ainr*. nn*  jwittf**i •«*»•  *U»  -n-nlfrMirt.        Iin.-  ■*'*»**  * **•+**        *t*    k*   If.,  'l»V»wU, »*.   »»-•*» >.-»•   ,t'«rt
H»t •*«■* -tet may he towwa at mt* ■ hfB*ew wrr* tkere tn gr*mt *imiirth»j Mtte l«het ItaffM, nt Atk*r**. «»t.%
'** f«i*«-** '***<* ni"r*- * £f#«** t****** '* **"•" •i'*!* ' -^tremtttlymnrAot'T-'w'vi ttt *','>
Th-* I*'.* ii*,.t-*-*'Jii ni-ntt !.t:*i ?fhe tolfclt •' tr,xm. <*ar<I tataet, mnt.*, r^i!t«t-!«i5*
lm to ***y -*!*h rttrrew* to *»r pfe-, and eata mt emolte*, war* treat? in-
koto*.  "1 be** ***ort4 (tw enkMikmiet^e*^ im. nt.4 *•# *e*i ■»■* *Wrv:* 8
U^»   -*M^.^,^-iAi
£*t2
iM,.ik.J.
.■mi* **■*»,
-. ^,t9f ■■...,
'hy Rer. r».* Jf, f*rf#r      T"
»rdV-,» esmyl!* *fH W»kt •:,
a Vimaiem,, »**•« Mr   «
■...;■■ U.*-,       '. m. .^.i-l^ltnC    9*:i,..i*.
>>■*■&*
WnWnm^mmmMmmnWhWtmtmmWtMmitm^^
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's Leading Picture Theatre
wanmmmemmtmemmmmmmmmwmmmimmmmme^mmtmmmmammmmmmemtmam
Rone of the Unlven&l Program—But in the Unlverte
EVERY PRIDAY
LUCILLE  LOVE,
The Girl of Mystery
■ihily four more inalaUttteitta. If ynu hnve roiaaed any we
e«ii jrive ymi a complete M.vtH»*|wiii. You Mill have n chance
io we '.he heat pari of thin gdroit iM'iial.
8p«oU] iatunUf Mttlntt tnd Itranlnf
The Famous Battles of Napoleon
4 Uei'l* - I'rodtif-ed ou the aetual hnatiou» ut Sn\u*U*t»\'m -opera*
tktiia mul »n actual ground it ver whieh tbe preaent war ia being
gifflgiit,  tiw'}mmm&^^^
AtMMWJiV' mtrnmY*mwtkttHb\mw    Wt       > tkm^M
Brf!mllTiTnf5mfMT( WW;1W
WAR PICTURES
Tnken Ity Cherry Kwlrtou. ui-Jl kiwiun pltAtMtraplM*i nttt\
mtmtml reprr»»entwtivr lo Ihe tfcetyian tmvrrnm«»nt. t ail tt the
t hwif re fnr Iim nf mrmim.
Ip«dal Wntowdiy and Thundty, tXtttmlm 4Ui and 6U»
Tht greeXetl ti WtHm fletwt ftan-Mary Pickford, In
**      ^^ g"__7T emeem   mum _a apti
In£ MAXMAAEe'S riATE
* Tlffh- - \m-iibt'** Vtitr-' Vt*bffm1 trfww^h,     ,| flrtrrrirt oftsphn
did mWH'M-mPtt-l..
A tl-Mf «*f itirHnt #wwit}«Mie hy \nm Mm* C1i#|*t«.
Why be • "Slay at 11m*" or **wtp« any iwtlintiiafe m'bm JW
tnn tm* tbe heat the wnrtd im * to offer art tine IMH any nifiht f
/
i
wimmtmmtmmWkwttMimwtMimmm^
mmmm
lA^XM^SSSM
^MMWtt^s^t^^^^mibt :Axm
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, OCTOBER 31, 1914
PAGE FIVE
tin
lIPMi |iif The  District Camps
(A
it
[•H
u
r*
r
;i
[••
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ * , ♦
Xo. 1 East and No. 2 and B (Mine
worked Friday 3 -p.m,, until 3 p.m.
Saturday. Xo. 1 East and No. 1 South
worked! from 3 p.-m. Tuesday until 3
p.m, Wednesday. Other mines' not yet
started. For resumption of work see
further notice on Friday morning.
A further exodus of our young men
is reported this week. George Fear-
on -fraying gone to the coast and Jim
MoFarlane to the Brazeau country.
There was weeping and wad-ling and
gnashing of teethe at fl\e parting of
one of our sports and his fiancee.
Among the things we would Like to
toow, are: When the long-epokea ot
and dissection. of "bovin-ite") are to
nuptials between a 'prominent gentleman (associated with the distribution
take place. Idle curiosity, -perhaps,
bat "there nothing .half so sweet In
life, as love's young dream!"
Coal Creek Methodist Church.—
Sunday, 2.30 p.m., Sunday school and
Bible class; 7.U0 p.m., Gospel service;
subject, "The Pertl of Unbelief." Wednesday 7.30 ■p.m.", "Experiences ln the
Royal Navy," by the pastor, Thursday evening, 7,sharp, choir -practice.
The hencoops of two prominent -poultry raisers (have been visited during
t-ite week, and a heavy loss ds reported
la each case. ,
The local "Moose" turned out In full
force on Monday evening lo fraternize.
An enjoyable time was spent, and the
special late train which General Manager Wilson granted for the convenience of Coal Creek brothers, was
much appreciated, the gathering giving
W. R. a rousing thanks.
'Master Albert Marklaud was admitted to Ferine Hospital on Wednesday
last to undergo treatment for hils eyes.
He returned home on Sunday night.
The Relief. Committee xqet in the
Club Hall in conjunction with the Ladies' Aid members thereof and formulated a scheme of relief distribution
and other matters.
Our cani-p was graced by the presence of two of the Hospital staff
trom Fernie Uonday.
We regret the omission of the name
of Sergwuit-Major Chas. O'Brien, com-
■roanddng the firing party on the oocas-
Qulgley asked to be reiiOT-ed of his
office and this was granted. Next
the policeman came up,for disoussion
and it was decided to-dispense with
his services at the end of the month,
not tUtrough any lack of efficiency on
the part of -th'e policeman, but considi-
erlng the .hard times and also that four
mounlfced policemen' are now stationed
in tlie village, it was deemed am unnecessary expense to beep on a policeman. iTlhe rate wasi then struck on the
assessment, the exact mill, rate as
yet tlie -writer 'hae failed to get posses-
stop of, but we believe it will touch
somewhere around thirty-five mills.
i.Mrs. Ralph Chamber^ arrived home
from the Gait Hospital last Sunday,
where she .has been receiving treatment! We are pleased ito learn that
she ls .much improved- as a result of
tihe treatment
Quite a number of the members of
Coalhurst iLodge 105, I. O. O. F., were
visitors to Diamond Lodge on Friday,
Oct. 23, when a dance and social wore
held and  refreshments served.
Dan Craig left Coalhurst ror parts
unknown last week to hunt up a market for liis labor power.
Quite a number of outside workers
were too late .getting out ^'their time
ch«ks one morning last week, and as
a result lost a. day.
Dave Livingstone quit the Chinook
Ol hie last week and 'went south with
the«eese.
Herman Jack, tipple oiler, was off
duty a few days last week on account
of sickness. Manual Purdy acted as
oiler in his absence, and kept things
from whistling.
" The mine hoisted ooal every day last
week, different sections of the mine
working in turn.
A party of company directors were
in Coalhurst on Saturday looking over
the plant. They left at noon for
Le-tMiridge, accompanied 'by Mr. Maxwell, mine manager.
Mr. Fraser Cameron was a guest
over Sunday at tiie home of .Mr. Donald
-McNeil.
Jack Scott and Eben Williams were
in Lethbridge attending auction sales
several days last week. Needless to
say Ihey made some very useful purchases, especially in the way of
jewelery. v
The weekly dance 'held in the picture toll was well attended on Friday I
their regular meeting on Tuesday conferred the third degree on two candidates aftar which a social evening
was spent and refreshments served.
Mr and Mrs. James Hill were visiting friends in Lethbridge over Sunday.
Pa* Kelly sat for fire -boss papers in
Leithibridge Wednesday last.
Steve Bassette and tihe Mg Swede
have moved headquarters. Tbey now
have more spacious accommodation in
"Bowies* Restaurant,
Harry Woods attended a christening
on Tuesday nlgflit. Neediess to say—
"the water was fine!"
Tem Clapham and relatives took in
Ithe minstrels at the Sherman on Saturday -night.    They report a fine time.
■TOT"onroK"MTO5*RKTeTTO*5era^^
rewrt last week.
Changes have taken place ia the personnel of the office -staff in the general office up here.
Ge-orp Stewart, from Drazeau, was
renewing acquaintances tip here on
•'Monday. Pleased to sc-e you looking
so wall,. George,    -  -	
Anyone desirous of assisting in the
preparation of the outdoor rink up
here are requested to give tbelr names
to H. Hewitt or Joe Monette.
•The monthly examination for mlwSrB
•certifkatea will -be held in Na 9
night tn ispite of the hard times thjis
place gets a very good patronage.
Jack Tons, of Commerce, waa visit
ing Mends in Coalhurst on Friday,
Oct, 23. He -said the Chinook mine
was working steady
Frank Beattie was on a business
trip to lethbridge on Saturday last
He say-S -he will aak to see inside the
bag before he bids again on an article
"Jist ter ken what'a In lt."
James Lindsay was in Lethbridge on
Wednesday, Oct. 2l«t. sltttag on the
Board of Examiners for fire boss.
■There i« a report that Diamond City
♦ CORBIN   NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
The spell of depression and inactivity following in the wake of the war
has not, as yet, we are pleased to say,
manifested itself in Conbin, and what
few miners are employed are visiting
the mine a sufficient number of limes
per month to keep the teails from- tlie
eyes of the storekeepers and the proprietress of the boarding house, and
the general situation1 is a matter for
much satisfaction when one considers
the conditions prevailing in the adjacent camps. This stroke of luck may
tend to relieve Coribin of some of the
notoriety whioh hla*s hitherto associated itself' with the town by reason of
its unreliability, especially so when
we see companies operating on a much
larger scale, practically at a standstill.
Prospects for the future are not by
any means in the zero region, for much
money is being expended by the company in the installation pf new machinery and the construction of a new
incline 1300 feet in length, and also a
new tipple. With the new incline In
operation the development of several
now tunnels can be proceeded' with,
while at the same time the chute system, whioh it is said has been the
cause of much' of Corbin'* fitfulness in
the past, will go by the board. The
management are evidently bent on
making* tlie best of the material at
their disposal, and if it is at all possible, securing a market whioh will
give a much needed fillip to the town.
(The above reads almost like a fairy
♦ TABER ♦
♦ „' ♦
Work at tlie Canada West iMine
is still the 'same old' way—two days
per week seejras to be the limit.
President Phillips and Secretary
Carter were visitors to town over Sunday and addressed a meeting of -Local
102, a special meeting being called for
the -purpose. This was President
Philips first visit to camp, and while
the numher who attended the meeting
was not large, the speakers "were given
an attentive hearing, as they reviewed
the conditions existing in the district.
On (Monday morning the Looal executive had a conference with President
.Phillips, in connection with matters relating to tliis part of the district.
The nominations for District Officers took place at the last regular meeting, the nominees being: President,
W. L. Phillips; vice-president, Robt
Levitt; Secretary-Treasurer, A, J. Carter; International Board Member, H
Brooks; Sub-,Dlstrlct Board Member,
A. Bateman; Fraternal Delegate to
W. F. of vM., B. Nugent; Neutral Scrut
inieer, J. Appleton.
■Mr. IMcXiven, the Dominion Fair ■
Wage Officer, was in town last week
on business. A committee from- Local
102 met him and gave him some facts
•as regards the conditions in the town.
His visit here was due to instructions
from Ottawa, owing to requests made
by this Local to liave the same treat-
Joe Theyes -made a nasty gash* in
one of 'Ms fingers with a cafes-cut
saw whilst in the act of sawing wood.
Thanks, however, to the remarkable
healing qualities of a salve manufactured by iMrs. Newton, his Injured
menuber is progressing favorably. This
good lady is getting quite a reputation
tor this particular salve and many of
the miners in -this camp have derived
benefits from same.
i
.Mr. Ostlund, solicitor, was in town
on Business during the week.
l£>rii—To Mr. and 'Mrs. W. Nortih, a
sou.    Mother and child doing fine.
Mr. Colin McLeod was a Bellevue
visitor on business during the week.
Kenny Wallace met with a slight accident on Tuesday. j
The benefit concert held for Bro.
Bd. Litherland in the Lyric Theaitre
was a great success, but we have not
yet learned .tlie exact amount collected. The hall was comfortably filled
and all were well satisfied.
Mrs. Duthie—3 pair socks, 1 Bala-[
clava cap.
•Mrs. Rogers—3 (Balaclava caps.
AT THE GRAND
Tirie   (Crow's   Nest)—3   pair
Miss
socks.
Mary Spears—1 pair wristlets.
iMrs. Davis—2 pair wristlets.
M-iss McKay—1 cholera belt, 1 pair
wristlets.
Mrs. Irvine—1 pair wristlets.
The regular meetings of the Mount
Fernie Chapter I. O. D. E. will in future
-take place on the 2nd and 4th Saturdays of each month. This change was
made to enable the teachers and other  members  to  attend.
The local chapter voted 510 towards!
the Belgian Relief Fund.
! 	
j    On Friday night the Grand Theatre
• will receive a visit from the famous
| Richard and Pringle   Minstrels   who
j have not visited this town since the
| fire.   The company  is credited  with.
j -being without equal in their line, and
i from the newspaper reports to hand
it .would   seem   that Fernie  will  be
j favored in the visit of tlie minstrels
with a first class entertainment, combining clean, wholesome   humor   to
wiiio!i both old and young can listen
and enjoy alike.
Friday night, at the Grand.   Don't
forget the date, Oct. 30.
GRAND MASTER OF I. O. 0. F.
VISITS  FEKME
MICHEL
A good  representative meeting of
the residents of Michel and Natal was
held in Uie Great Northern Hotel last
week for the purpose of forming   a
branch of the Canadian Patriotic Fund.
Mr. Wagner opened the meeting by
reading a communication from tlie secretary of the Canadian Patriotic Fund.
Owing to the hard times in the camp,
ment given the miners as was -given j -however, It was at once decided to*
the "farmers.     The provincial govern-:form a relief association to deal with
ment* has also heen requested to give jthe distribution of local relief, and to
assistance to those in need. i leav« the Patriotic Fund in abeyance
• •    i    »* *.. i,~u  <-..,.,... u-.i-for the present.     A motion was put
An epidemic of typhoid  fever lias! ' *,,,.-       ,    ,       ,
Coal Citv     Onfe family 'aild carr4ed ttj call the gathering the
, „ «.'„.m„i, rttc^ «„   Michel-Natal  Relief Association.     A
has seven cases, one of which died on .        .. , ,
' general working committee was then
appointed consisting of the following:
iMrs.    J.   Aldridge was brou*§W t0 | Messrs Wagner, Cunllffe, Fisher .Lock-! minding those present what great plea-
towii last wetek by her husband for  ^^ Pr<Ujeri iMooa> UeSi.d and Tavlor. | sure It gave h|m t0 l)€ able to ask Mr.
m&Mcal treatment.     She has been ill j
The -brothers of the 1. O. O. F.
.Mount Fernie Lodge, and sisters ot
Esther Rebekah I^odge, were busy on
Wednesday evening entertaining the
Provincial Grand ..Master (H. White, j
Cranbrook), and in making presentations to tiie Past Grand Master (Robt.
Dudley), A. Prentice and H. W. Barnes
past noble grands of the Fernie lodge.
The sisters of the Rebekah were on
The regular monthly tea o fthe ladies aid, of the (Methodist Church, will
be held at the home of Mrs. W. <M. Dicker), 97 Pellatt Avenue, on Tuesday,
November 3rd, from 3 to 6 p.m.
Robb Sutherland, late manager ot
the New Westminster News, is taking
i over the management of the Nelson
Daily News from W. Garland Foster,
who expects to go to the front-with the
Canadian contingent now being; enlisted.
The Cradle. Roll attached    to   the
{ Knox Church has been re-organized
I13"!.10 helJ) "Uh *e..e!"*,a,ld. th.e!and the next meeting will toe held oa
brothers Were there to help also, both
in -eating the eats and singing the
sdng-s to entertain' the gathering.
At the close of the (business the
Grand .Master addressed a few remarks
of advice and congratulation to the
brothers and the gathering showed
their appreciation of his presence in
the customary manner.
The inimitahle Archie Rrentke, 'J.
Puckey, T. Biggs. J. Quinney. and
other brothers entertained those present .while speeches by those pnesetnt
interspersed the musical numbers.
Colonel ..Mackay, who made the presentation to the Past Grand Master,
did so in a neat eulogistic speech, re
fer some time, but is getting better
now.
W. R. Dent and family arrived in
town last week from the coast.
The general meeting then adjourned j Dudley to accept a fine upholstered
I and the Relief Committee sat imme-' chair.
1 ... j
J diately and decided to issue relief toi    Grand Master White presented the
' some eight cases that had come under | jewels to Messrs. Prentice and Rames
and congratulated the brothers upon
j their notice tlyit day.     As tlie mines
Tlie election for checkweighman re   have only worked about twenty MUm
suited- In the return of Sam Stub-bart ( since the 0iubreak o( the war§ nearly
by a majority of 26 over J. Head. ■ threo montlls aow> there are a great
^ ^ -+. *** ** a + a 4m m. ♦ ♦ • •! miajl>' families in need of help here
nrine office at 2 p.m. on .Monday, Nov.; >* about to start up again In the near
2nd. -All candidate* for certificates j future, We hope this is correct, aa
-are requeued Je imt in their appJlca-j there 'in quite an army of unemployed
tton'two day* before the examination about these parts who would welcome
to the secretary, Chas. O'Brien. j„ job even In Diamond City for the
winter.
At the meeting of l^cal 1189 last
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ *!
COALHURST NOTE8
♦ ♦*♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Friday night. Duncan    Mo.Yab   wm
nominated aa a candidate tn the forth-
roniHm election* as delegate to tiie
The Village Council field a special j Western Federation of Miner*' Con-
meetlm? In the *chool house on ThurS' j ventlon to be held ta Nelson, B,C. next
day* Octol^r  22nd,   and   dtd   some j Fobmnry.
•laufShter   work.     Kwetary   PwJel     Coal-hurst Lodge 10*5 I. O. O. F., at
T. W. DAVIES
Funtrml Director
and    Embalmer
Headstones 8uppllod and 8et up
OOL1MAN    mmuWWg.%tg    ALMRTA
tale in view of the general hard, times
appeals that aie floating around. If
wihat the correspondent predicts Is
correct, tlieji nhere is every reason to
fee! gratified.)
Mr. James Jones, of Spokane, is in
town visiting her husband.
i.Mr. Tom Williams, Inspector of mines for the. district, iwas up making
the usual Inspection.
Mr. John Virgo, coal, iron, oil and
timber magnate, trapper and fertilizer
artist, was In town renewing old acquaintances last week.
Mr. .1. Ord, general manager of the
compaay. was in. town on the umial
business.
Humor has It that our local heavyweight of Missouri fame, Is willing
to meet all comers, with a distinct pr*
fereiice for Battling Ilenny Hill, of
Michel, Knock-out N'ewman, of the
same town, or any other heavy-weight
who fancies his chances. Hill ts In
the pink of condition and will certainly be a "tough" proposition.
A number of men were laid off last
week nt the big showing, also a bunch
who had keen employed ln grading for
the new incline.
Mr. Chas. Graham, local superintendent, returned to town Saturday
after a trip east on buslnsas.
The regular meting of the Local wan
held Sunday last, when the usual business was gone through.
•Mr. W. White has resigned his post
as master mechanic, and R, Stewart,
af Coal Creek, has taken Ms {4ace.
Messrs. (tartltt and Watson, who
comprise the gss committee, made
their usual O. K. was forthcoming.
COLEMAN NOTES
Born—Sunday 23th, to Mr. and Mrs
W. Roughead, a daughter, Mother
and child doing well.
Jamie Russel left for a three mouths' j
trip to Cleland, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Dan Ban los, our local bandmaster,
and Wm. McAulay, one ot the football
boys, left on Sunday night's passenger
for Aliona, lMass.     The usual com
plaint—In search of a Job.
»<The regular meeting of Local 2633,
held on Sunday 25th, elected It. .Morgan as president in place of J. Moore,
who left a few days ago for a holiday
la Scotland.    I), Gillespie was elected
recording secretary  In  place of  M
Brennen, who accompanied J. Moore
The following nominations for District
Officers were paused:   President. W.
L. Phillips;    Vice-president, W, Graham: Secretary .Treasurer, A. 4. Car
tor; International Hoard Member, 1),
Itees:   Sub-District   Hoard   (Member,!
Isaac Thomas; W. F. of M, OonveitMmi,'.
Wm. Graham;  Xeirtral Swutlnwr, J.i
W. Makln. j
Tt ls~gra*ifying to note how readily
the few who are working steady and
the business -people have donated to
this fund, ar.d promising to donate
monthly while these distressful times
continue.
Another -public meeting will be held j
the success of the lodge uiuler their
regime.
It was not until the early hours of
Ihe   morning   tifiat  thp   gathwtn-g  die.
Wednesday, Nov. 4, from 3 to 5 p.m.
■in the church basement.
Nurse Lamont will show mothers
"how to wash and dress a bahy."* All
mothers and their little ones are heartily Invited to come and spend a profitable time.
persed, nfter having passed the usual
votes of thanks to those who assisted.
CONSUMPTION TAKES
HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE
Hundreds of people succumb to consumption every day.
Science proves that the germs only
thrive when the system is weakened from
colds or sickness, overwork, confining
duties or when fjc-neral weakness exists.
The best physicians point out that
duriti^chuii^in.n seasons thc blood should
be made rich and pure and active by tak-
ingScott'sKisaliioiiafU-rniL-al.-.. Thecod
liver oil ii; Scott's Ktmilnon warms the
body by curicliing the blood; it peculiarly
streni.'tlietis tin- lungs and throat, while it
upbuilds the resistive forces of ihe body
to avoid colds and prevent consumption.
If you work indoors, tire easily, feel
languid or nervous, Scott's nmulsiotus the
most strcntftlicnine-food-medicinelciinwii.
"It is totally free from stupefying drugs.
Avoid substitutes.
Xi-t2     Scojt St llowne. Toronto, Ontario.
on Sunday next, Xov. lst, al 7.30 p.m.,
in the Great Northern. Everybody interested Is invited to attend that we
may help' this cause along further..
The mines worked a little better last
week—three shifts instead of the usual one.
The volunteers for the second con-
ilhgimt are being rapidly whipped Into j
shape under the able instruction of
Ueut- Armstrong, Tlie Natal boose*
fighters, however, say they are entering a protest against allowing a wet
canteen for the Canadian troops at
Salisbury Plains.
A, number of wiiiiesee* have been
called to Fernie to give evidence ai
the Fail Asalnes.
Vim*. Kusler brought iu two fine]
.U'or from the Ureclfnom Itange last*
1 wenk- ' ,.       !
We understand i*hat ticu-vral Maaa-;
K-cr Wilson 1* doing alt la his po>v<-r
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc
OI,l> COUNTRY PERIODICALS
I
BELLEVUE
Alberta
Horn—Saturday 24th, to Mr. and -Mrs j during the hurd times to help the wa- ]
W. lliiwis. West Coleman, a daughter, yioyea here by reducing washhouse. ]
Mother and child doing well. UjackamUh and rent rates. j
Horn—Sunday 2.'.th, to Mr. and Mrs,     o. n, Stedman and John Dixon re-1
•Mike Androu. a son.   Mother and child | turned from thHr long limning trip
doing me\l i from the Klk Valley.   The former saj*;
Watch Coleman Increase! j ha thought he aaw a chicken durlnu;
Have Sudworth met with a painful \ the trip,
f accident on Monday sfiernoott whIWt j    |*j«rltt   I'reatdant   W.   I,,   i'hlilip*
vUopptae firewood.     Th« handle of  wa* jn camp law w«i»k and litdjwd the!
tilt. 4-u AUiLug MiuniiU'iMi Uii.Ji-4 him, t r^nst cummiue** by -ttndtiiB *om« vi»ry |
ihe brought it down on his hand, !n   needy caiu>». which rwivwl Immedktej
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
tttettmmH^mmt^mtmtmtttimmKmtttmtKmtem ttttmeA^mmttmmttmmmm^mtmmmmtmm
We will furnish your house from cellar to garW and st bottom prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders glvea
prompt auction.
If yeu nrn satisfied, tell ethers,   If not satisfied, tsll us.
Coleman
Alberta
n'ct'ng a wound which m|u!rfd fhr-n-
LITHBRIDOI NOTM
alien; lull.
The ragtime daiw•«« alv«»ii in t'nthan's'
Hall tost .Monday w»* a grusi" suwess.
The tmH'-iwd*. me unil-pmand, «r«* ta be
turned over to ih« MHi*l-N'aui r*H*t
«V* *
♦ j stitches.
^     Tbe titan annual tml! of the Hflw*
• ♦ kah"* of Coleman  was held  !n the
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦] Opera Itoiiiw on Friday 23rd.     It wan
Tlw rafalar meeting of Local r,Tl « •«•» merntto. rUme on m tH-ing pre* na»oc|aU»n.
took place oa Sunday last whea the "*Bt     VWtor" fTOm a* f*r ** '♦* —-    -■- —
following nomlMttlom were received j Matieod and as far wast as Pura**. THt DAUGHTER* Of
foriWstrtct  Officers?   PnaMaM.  V. >beim *"IW,B "*»** pi*wmt*   Although TM1 IMPIftE
StulU*;   Vke-Prestdent.   R.   Uvttt;i,w* *»• tMr f,fitt l«,,f< lh* »««*»
«*Wii*ari,.T**«*ttr*»r,   A*    I    Vn-rter;" ******mm 0,o*t »«w**'«,',^•'• and il 1* u*     tbi* ttmtkter* nl th- V.nip'.tf a^ktil
latertieiloaal Ikwrd Mnnber. U. H*•*■«; ^ ^nA that th**y will not Im> long tn at to announce that owing *<> thi- net
"  trying a «M»nd mewl th««  ihf  swoml  ntnt)na.*i>t   «lil  *w»
i    Mr. Flunk (itwene, *' one tJme *-»• leaving on Kunrfu) moraine f»r Vic.
>p1oy*1 In mir local VtHt^ernliv* far*.: torii. I* t* fcM-f»»*fir -Uwt *»«=.■> 4ttii-
bm attired  ttrnk in tonn trom Ul*! \* nm4** for *ti*» comfort of tn* nttbkern
bm* In Kngland. jln- lotati'diauMy  ttwaar<U4 u» \\t* i
;    Wortt is still very bsd around her*-. | liogern.
; Nuv I* -tkttw, af tit*' Iw-'.-iifiiiiUuiftl \miml    Ts* UtlU>*U,t, 4imntkm*mt*ncknw*-
{ldlf> all l»t ««ek aad Oil* *e**k m fnr* 1 lt*Xrt**t-
- *tt:te So, t Snail won/km Ikttm ds>w. |   -Mrt. J. »J*t#'»-H*ti-rtilwt m* ettbt-i
■g-1 )
*\
*_"*•_ *f* J**      !•
The Town Cner.
migmMj/^jm^tc ft^uSk  i^Baiiiai^lL  ___W mwtiw^ igLSlMaMMkidldk^SiMdM^i     gtlikjtti   nti________a
neiovw tut miviiii m wt iHwipWif^ Ulf Hfwn
cner ciiim wn ttewp oi tne MicnDoniooa. To*
d»y tht newipaper keeps you in IiittIU«ftat touch,
nm wmy waa yew own tttatittt* Mit wtui all tlie
wono.
It it tdmtisifig that nwkg« tht newtptper
ptmttiU Without it tht «wt wcntM ht beyond
iWMt fete. Whtn you think of h, the «dTt»tJ»«r»
pAf tke prtotn pen eiyow.here ot thtcottol
tht fepm. Thoy tin It Hr thn prWfc»» of ttUCng
yot ob_em ttetk etmtA. ami most of ibm% hsxw$ »
ttetf worth tfWfft;.
Mt4 we A&wetthemetitk tor.j.itt-.'>. lh y
ott teltrtttlag tmi c-ant-r.!s ir.tat •*-%: vi ■» Mm-
nrntkm.
jl* '*" *-k*t -(-■>*
tv*--mr**tenant',fgg/ *.*»%  I, ,. -»♦«%«   • » -,4'"
,  *•*.     «««! *.        •<•* 99'     .     "9       ■     — »     -     » *. .      «**
;.vw*A;^,f «■#•-.* .-^wtv-t*. a,." 499    ' ; <* *■**■%, m$AW
ftuh-Dlsirlct Heard iMemtter J l<*r»#ff
J. Moor* and M. HrMtn«*« were in
tite vit> tlie Utter |tart of wua *««k
vltiuag Uwlr many frttnde before iwii
lag out tor ihelr old Immm* ia *u«!Und
A nonp fsttory Is op*>nlflgru|i tm the
nm (Hi Ui* atoatlk on bxb Atreex bomb.
. t  It  ttm** x* *w«»*r«i* ♦
I   tin eft? «o«Mrt«*l*ait*r* *r* eMvt-ne •-
ta»  MMNiptojrc-.it  |iraMf**as  sow^what :
•aai mit week tliey dart coiMnetred |
tiimm'i'mu, %,u ||m» btbk ptnmmro «wt«r
systMu, pipUm tor wbkb mm trom
e*tetm.i Ateom to f*fth  Aa--*tmt*   an
I t*tti mnm steag fWfc Arttwe to VHt
• tttmt. i« wmto tm tank it aliwtf
I fnatalM.   H»»re ars pMcanaUy o%«r
I fffty wm engnged oa tkt* work.
i    It Is espeetat tk*l the contni<ii<»rt
| for the mw separate oeftool on ih*
' MtrtHi nlU x-ill Uivu -met nee** ■>•• ■*...
m*ek.
AutarO   itvtt   <'.i«>»   ,**x
mmmmmmmm+t
■fLUtVUt NOTtt ♦
tteemrn 'iii tke
et two »«•- k»
,4iMtl .c*^... U»: utwiMMl tit** istter tutl
• Best awotit*
A -I. fttTter ant* to u*m tOPVo- *■*■«
,s op mmm pmntnittg to the nutr!
' fWatPatm*, ey*,?),,- n*f*,f ,,nt <j .
i m»t<ij***.
A I Cait#r hi t*n« eaparft) of tra-
Tilling sodfter. wa* a HsH-mii* visitor.
llw •w»mla*l aad found all t«o*a! a<-
roontn O.K.
n.trv ft." -y."-, >.*, Xtv. ai:4 Mr I.
Tbtyen.   *   *HWht«r.     Molfc«r sad
I    A iMi* impotttit-mfft ie tk* l*»i
., i <«i»rt-*| l# r*-r^*r^*"t b*** t*.r laet *t*b
t; ttfPTi* bttot lo tk* pritkhfftbwt*,  -nt
j Amy om ttnnA* *rtrte4.
-I " .)M»"'h *(,f„*4 tit* *8iJfi#
.-■■     T r   ttifn*  "■;',*:   '„,'■
tsoitx, f
Mrs, IHitrtleit, of Ht. Marks'   i«a*t«*r!»l j
tm- nix .Urix* I
Mra. Wbliti-i-1   nuklns ««d
I *>**+*•* mm*
A mend-- mnbitp cm atgh* Mr
•Mis* Miliar -4er.»'k*a of meat.
laan-
Mf
***
I wuty rretmuy.
Mr*. l»ollork
Tr:tet-"donatl<
Mra, Cwttk***
tU\* twp*.
:,:..j* itm..
'Mrs. Catty!*
Mm, liwsaid
Il-Hrs Itw**'';
Mrt.  IV«f-.    i   ■
Tlw» *»*)•» | iwtr^ffiitTet*
!    Mra S. K.j-'*« :■■!«■
i    *'  .. '*.. ,       |      ..>VlA-    **,. *•!, ti..—9,      »
Cnrrl* and Mr»
»f *i»i»l.
mr mrmttt* .5 Bits-
? iL*S«r!*vs cap at*it 1'
■?iMikjrt I flsaf-f r.i to#-:t
• V:    *  "i*if ar",ii,i*'i
f   * " iVfi   Vt!   til.*    I
;*■! t.,t    i Ji*!**;-"****-* * •,».
..i  **«.*<. *,.*
2 tX.r -KtMiri*.
&
F. H. THOMPSON CO.
"The Quality Stor«"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
Just to hand 200 cases oj
PRESERVING FRUIT
of Extra Oholct Quality
l*jitotii I'ruiH* jmt Jaix 91.10,1'lvirlii'* per I»»a $1.10
l «vn« \mt imi.\ WZ.tM, t iNikiiiU Airftlca \**T lm* *| Ml
t hf»wi» Knrin^ AjijiU** |t«*r hn\ *1 *»0
DRY GOODS
lW*fore» Ihi% hiji a Sw«iit<*r Ctvtl Mt otir mw^ of
Min'*, lji«lii-.' ami ( liil'lnir-itll witol Minuih h Knit
1Vm*<*» Io ««il nil jinr^«*«
•lit«t to liiiml n »l»ijnii<-ii! of Mnnfi-i'M* jmin*
\.\e*\ VmhiiMni in *bnt- ami ilutttii* Jiml utit'Mt
«*«!!'*. ,W*tX n ftill null!" <*f f *t«1t'w»"   sitn\ Vh'lhjtffiA
Vlit\ff^'i*Al.
We pay S p.c. discount in cakh on all purchaset
Tho Storo That SAVES Vou Money
i Vy-W-^wa^^y-t^ fa, -w mKim-Sj-t-iwiy i»p>t
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., OCTOBER 31, 1914
Local Onion Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Meet^irst and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Pernie; second and
foi.-th Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
C»eek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet   every   Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   iu   Cratian's  Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.     '
PARK LOCAL
No, 1387        .
Meet  every Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael  Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore. Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet Second and fourth Sunday
In month. Sick ahd Benefit Society attached—Thos. Thompson.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.   Mitchell,  Kee.  Box
.105, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in Hie Bankhead HaU.
Sick ancl Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Seel, Bankhead- Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Me« every Friday evening at
7.30  Iii Miners' Hall.    Sick  and
s Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank Barrlngham. Sec,, Box
1X2, Coalhurst P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall. S p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. In the Opera House,
Coleman.—.J, Johnstone, Sec
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and: fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.-rThos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta,
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949 '
Meet every second and  fourth ,
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G.  Harries.  Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. ln
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Slok
Society.—ThoR. G. Harries, Sec,
Pass-burg, Alia-
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7,30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—U Moore, Sec.-Treas;
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in    the   Socialist   Hall. —James
Burke.   Sec,   Box   36,   Bellevue,
Alta.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  in  the Club  Ball.    Sick
Benefit  Society    attached.-—*R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit.    Society    attached.—-E
Morgan, Secretary.
i^asg^w^g^iwgw^^
War Stories From
Reynolds's Newspaper
effijsisf-sisjsiSJSfSQi--^
Cash Meat Market
THE QUALITY STORE
Saving the Guns
A thrilling story of i battery's adventure is told by a young British officer:
On Sunday at about 10.30 a.cr.., the
enemy was reported lo be approachin*;
. . . aud the ... brigade was
ordered into action. Our battery tooK
up a position in a clearing on the top
of a very sleep and .thickly wcooed
lv.ll, and did -considerable da-mage to
a German column of infantry. About
two a.m., the enemy's shells began to
come over us. They seemed to have
the range at once, and for three hours
we ha da considerable hail of shrapnel at the rate of about three rounds
a minute, though very little damage
was done owing to our trenches.
"At about 5 p.m. the hill was repoi t-
ed to be nearly surrounded, and we
saw the infantry beginning to retire.
We got the order to retire, and with
the exception of one gun, which moved along the crest south-east, -tlie batten' went down a very narrow :uid
■steep lane running south-west. Halfway down the lane the guns were fired
on from the sides of the lane and also
from the 'bottom by German .infantry.
".The leading gun galloped and got
through, hut the next one had liad
five horses shot and blocked the way.
The lane was too narrow and steep to
turn round. The gum that got through
had with it a colonel and a subaltern,
and came Into action against a crest
•100 yiards away, expecting an infantry
attack when they were suddenly shelled from the rear. Tbey put the limber to the back of them, and remained until the darkness came on and
they found au Infantry escort, and got
away with a hastily formed column.
Now for Uie guns that were left behind in the lane under rifle fire. They
got the gunners together with rifles,
and actually drove off the ambushed
enemy. It was dark, and we believed
the Germans were all round us in this
narrow lane. Here we were joined
by fifteen men of the Highlanders and
an officer, making three officers in all
—the battery -major, the Highland officer, and a subaltern.
"Across the bottom of the lane we
built a hasty barricade, and the major
and subaltern went scouting down Uie
lane, and came upou a German patrol.
They retired hurriedly, and on Uie
way back heard heavy firing. An officer and twenty men came running
ivtst   an   wn_jirniiph<»j!_.nn   the   ml At*,  nf
line like a lance. "Of course," he
.said, "if they did not get their man
then they cut out for all they were
worth. They went right through the
Uhlans, except dn two or three cases,
where the horses got stuck together
and two or three men were slashing
away at one another and'then bursting
free."
He saw two men whose horses were
killed laying about them like fury. It
was a living wonder how they did it."
he said, "but they were stark imad.
They all get mad at a charge like that.
We will sell at reasonable prices and give you the very best service. Our line of cooked meats cannot be beaten. Afways on
hand: Bologna, Tripe, Liver, Sausage, Black Puddings, Jellied
Tongue, Eggs, Butter, Ham and Bacon. Pork Sausage at 15c. Ib.
A TRIAL  SOLICITED.
White Flag Treachery
Written by Private J. Thompson
to his home in South wick, Sunderland:
"When- we were fighting last Sunday
morning about fifty Germans advanced
bearing the white flag. All of us stop-
lied firing, but, to our dismay, the Germans came by hundreds and commenced firing wiUi Uieir rifles and -machine guns. They took us unawares
with their white flag treachery. They
mowed us ddwn like sheep. Our regiment lost 260 killed and wounded out
of 1,000. But we stood our ground,
got the better of them, and drove back
what were left of them. They left
hundreds of dead lying about, and we
took some prisoners."
Caught in the Mud
The following story of fighting in
the Aisne battle is told by a wounded
r-rhate of the Argy'l and Sutherland
HigLlanders, "who ha3 just been invalided home:
"All approaches to German positions
are'mined and surrounded by barbed
wire entanglements. Another device
that is new to me is the ma'ldng of
quagmires in front of Uie trenches, usually by digging extra trenches a few
hundred feet from the real ones,
throwing in loose clay, and Uien flooding them so that you get a ditch of
liquid mud. One day a French infantry detachment was advancing finely against the German position until
they stumbled Into one of these bogs,
and just as they were" stuck fastfthey
were treated to a fiendish hail of rifle
and artillery fire. They were dreadfully cut up, and though they got away
in the end, there was no question of
continuing the attack In that quarter
that day.
"In retiring the Frenchmen were
pursued by a body of German cavalry,
who forgot all about the bog that had
done for the Frenchmen.     They dash-
Opposite thc Post Office
Phone 52, H. Northwood Mgr.
ra]
a
I
I
'al
tlie road: they had been driven from
the barricade. We succeeded in reaching' , where we found a German
ammunition column. Three miles to
Uie east we came upon a large body ot
troops, which we could not distinguish until -we heard the order, " Walk.
March!" At three In the morning we
joined ono of our retreating columns,
with only two lior-ici in each team.
All Went Stark Mad
tTT.
/?
A few weeks'rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
will slva you a new into ot lite, or to those whose time ia llm-
Mod, tako quickest route east or west, via tho Great Northern
Railway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
20 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
You will enjoy all the comfort ot most modern railroad equip*
ment , Courteous and efficient employes will make your trip
pleasant.
■•fort purchasing steamship
tlcksts. 1st us talk It over.
The charee o£ the Sects Greys, to
j which reference iim already been
i made, has net yet received the full
justice lt deserved. A description
by a member of tlie Middlesex Regiment states that tho Greys crouched
forward'with Uieir arm* straight out
and swords extended, forming a rigid
ea-rigmnnxoirannsiutK-tnereso^niat
they made a fine target for our chaps.
We moved closer and a battery of our
artillery opened on them at the same
time, so that they got tt pretty hot
while they were floundering aibout in
Uie pit they had dug for others.
"Harbed wire entanglements are ten
times worse Uian what we found In
South Africa. Usually they are hidden away in the long grass and you
don't see them until they, caidh you In
tho legs and bring ydu down. That's
the signal for the enemy to etar^ at
you, and many of our chaps have been
badly used up there. However, we're
getting up to the dodge, and we frequently discover the wires before it's
loo late. Now we call tha wires 'mug
racks,' because It's really only the
'mugs' -who get caught on them,"
of -their own strength. The United
States of America, in June, 19*11,
championed tb« ideas "of universal''
peace in order to be able to devote
their undisturbed attention to money,
making and the enjoyment of wealth,
and .io saYe $300,000,0:0 which they
spent' on their army ?nd navy	
If thpv advance further on this road
they wil] one day pay -dearly for such
a policy.
* *   ■*
War the Law of God
Christ himself said: "I am. not'oome
.to -send peace on earth, but a sword."
His teaching can never be adduced as
an argument against the universal law
of struggle.
* *   *
Peace Only a Dream
Every means must therefore, be employed to oppose these visionary
schemes (universal peace). They must
be -publicly denounced as what they
really are—as an unhealthy and feeble
Utopia, or a cloak for '.political machinations.' Our people must learn
to see that the maintenance of peace
never can or may .be the goal of a
policy. . . . The lnevltahlen-esg, Uie
idealism and the blessing of war, as
an indispensable and sbfrmflaiting law
of development,  must be .repeatedly
emphasized.
* *   *
When to Declare War
Expediency in the higher sense musit
be conclusive in declaring whether to
undertake a war in Itself mor-ally justifiable. Such decision is rendered
more easy by "the consjdera-fion that
the prospects of success are alwaya
greatest when the moment for declaring war can be setUed to suit the political and military situation.
* *   »
The Duty to Make War
Xo one will dispute the assumption!
that, under certain circumstances, it
is the moral and political duty of the
state ito employ war as a political
means. So long as all human progress
and all natural development are based
on the law of eonfllct, it Is necessary
lo engage ln each conflict under the
most favorable conditions possible.
Whsu a state is confronted by the
material Impossibility of supporting
any longer the warlike preparations
which the power of its enemies has
forced upon it, when It Is clear that
the rival states must gradually acquire from natural reasons a lead
that cannot be won back, when there
are indications of an offensive alliance of stronger enemies who only
await the favorable moment to strike
—the moral duty of the state toward
its citizens is to begin the struggle,
while the prospect* of success and the
TJOlttical circumstances are still- toler-
Coughs
Colds
and
BronchiH
ipH-te'tttitywaedklne for ttra&raa^chesraitaeat^
•^ merits a place in every bomt.%By simply dissolving a
fiesssat abler ©n the tongue, Peps convey* potent and valuable
Mne^lcinedirectintothethrotit.lungsandbr-onehlsltubet; amedl-
-cine which invigorates the weakenedbrgans, soothes inflammation
and .irritation, loosens phlegm, destroys disease genus, cures .
■chronic disease, and makes breathing deep and essy.. Free from
^-aQ'ltarmful drags, Peps suit young, and old alilce^ '   .
^    ItH "# ^*&J&Jl*'!m*ti,*"u** "*e t*roat.tme*UU. Vfttefctf, lnjfuflitt «*£,
; mteitrmmaicW atttmhAt*tartyommtbt namt-reft-o*txrytax.■
The Medicine >ou BREATHE mho your Lun^s
Colorado Operators & The
Striking Mineworkers
The Oolorado coal operators apparently will never reach a climax ln
their absurd campaign ot lies and exaggeration, but their latest effort entitled "Facts Concerning the Struggle
in Colorado for Industrial Fre^lim"
would certainly discourage Diogenes if
ae had any intention of coming to Col-
fee had any intention of coming to Col-
the coal imlne owners
Thorough investigations made by
such representative national weeklies
as Colliers and Harpers, Everybody's
■Magazine, the Outlook ami others, put
the He to the operators opening -statement tliat before August, 1913, "conditions in the mining fields, except tn
a comparatively small district immediately north of Denver, had been
•satisfactory to both miners and operators."    ,
Since these investigations proved
that the mine operators owned the
courts and every other office in their
own -absolute monarchy of Huerfa.no
and Las Animas counties; since they
tefused to comply with the law giving
the men a checkweighman; since they
denied their employes their legal right
to belong to a labor organization and
refused them an eight-hour day, a
semi-monthly pay day and the right
to trade where they pleaded as well as
to be paid In currency instead of scrip,
conditions probably were "satisfactory" to the operators.
The Colorado coal miners are strlk-
ing for a day. wage of $3.45. Do you
think they Would live for a year on
$2.00 a week and suffer 34 of tlieir
number to be murdered and cremated
I
For furthtr Information apply to |
J.A. MANN, Agent
IU. 4fl FERNIE, B.C. Phone 141
Germany and
The Next War
Good Luck
Thtt vme Napoleons formula for succtas. and
it merely meant foresight and knowledge.
If you would provide yourself with good luck
in your daily life, read tht advertisement*, and
taw advantage of the CnforTtatCon tCve met
chants five you ta regard to their merchandiie.
You will fuul waliultU aiul tiuny kiwiu* ^iuu
in tht advertising column*.
Ven Bernhardt Frankly Interprets the
Pernicious Militarist Spirit
Hlnce the outbreak of the European
war tbe one book that has been discussed above all others has teen General FVederkk van nernherdl's "der-
many and the Next War."* In this
took, written two years ago, General
vwn Bernhardt who Is one of 0«v
many's most brilliant and distinguished military man, interprets with great
frankness lite German military spirit.
With startling accuracy be propb-
esled the present strugsle between
Germany snd Anstris on Uie one band,
nnd Bwrtatid, frsnee and Russia on
tbe other. He foretold tbe sbsndon-
ment by Italy of tbe Triple Alliance,
pointed out the necessity for Oormany
to strike fesitf sat quirk so ss to crash
mure, for camion in Oerwsny's
nsrsl operation*, sad the probability
that KHBtaad wooM Wocksde the
N'vftll 8t*s awl Ute Oiaasei ••**£ put*
lytm Oemsa tommette.
More Important than ths setasl
ndiHjuy promoeU of tbe Oemsa tae-
tlcUn wss tbe tone of miUUrUm that
rani thronirti tk* whole book, and tbe
■afortetaMe ant empbstie ssseiUoa
r-t*      t*m>m     991*4 9991.91     ,9..4.I***H/I.4,      .m*-*.       -*ii-N,-*       .**
.i.i, liitfrun,' i.! nf jitiMr.v ntifl fl nt-'-p-
mnry aai wholeteme tetter !n the de-
vetofwent of taltat* sat tbe boltd-
leg np of a nstlea. Below sre pre-
tented newt* typi**' txtfseie  which
it,At     ■ -     '* -.* . ,-.*■ 1
,„., **„ ..    ...*,    „,., ,..m   mm"-    '■■ ......
pMkxwpfcy brrt bf the sptrf; ot MH-
tartan? «
•   •   •
.Peace Breets Oecstemse
This Mplmtioa tpmtti it directly
sntssonkMk' to Uie frsst universal
taw* wbksb rale all life. W*r J* a
M-atae-tol iNMtMitr of the lint lm-
ptmniti*. n r*mbMt* e**™**1 'n t^#
Uf* ef wssMai ttbttm eannot W die-
u
H, •
\ emmi-mmm/ram «*+,
itfteasayi
•Mil
Shujom
pensed with, since without it an unhealthy development will follow which
excludes every advancement of the
nice, and therefore all real civilisation. "War is the father of sll thlnjcs."
The sages of antiquity long before
Darwin rveognlted this. . . . Without
war, Inferior or decaying: races would
easily cboke tbe growth of healthy
budding elements and s universal decadence would follow.
• •   •
The Right ef Conquest
Strong, neslthy snd flourishing ns*
tions increase In numbers. From s
glren momm they require a continual expsnalon of their frontiers, they
require new territory for the soeont-
BMMtstton of tbsir surplus population.
«in<w slmost every part of tho globe ts
inhsbUsted, new territory oust, as s
rule, be obtained st tbe cost of Us
posseesors-Hlist Is to »sy, by ooa.
quest, which thos becomes s law of
tm*.t>oMy.
♦ *   «
Might Make* ftifbt
It may be tbst a growing people
cannot win colonies from uncivilised
neen, and yet the mate wishes to re*
tain the surplus population, which Uts
mvitttji trvtrnxt. **-•* se t«*s**r iwe*.
T'.Ji.. On* mv.'j r*i*v. j-i hii i* 99- *4*iXiA'4'i.
the oeceswry territory by »»r.   thus
atLkA   4mm£ tofedttt    4nM   ■AU^-iHiiia.iMMtlAA    S-auSkiMAi
mmm upwiswhr mm nmnr^imMR ■■Wiiiuw WWPWP
tacvttabfy te wsr, sat ihe coataast ot
foreign sell    It l« not the poeseeeote,
*9*. 9W9   l.v.u,    *»w WW kit** MMt* kklfcUlk.
* a   *
Uplifting hy Wsr
Wsr. in opposition to peace, tees
tmm to ar-mre astleasl life ant to
expand netieasl power thaa say other
iDeaae bnemp to Mstarr.
• »   *
tmtrlea'a P»nt* PMlry
Atx isteiiectaaS and vigorous natim
ess htrioeac* no wetse destiny thaa
»^^a.    SmI^^    ftanih^s   *u&    nik..^gdkfMiL|^    ^^^e*^n
mm  TOffMi   lemm m   7WMWPU9   fTWW
euro hy tha aaAsaatet esjofasest at
pmtf.    Th* Stale*. *h$ch tram rut
nn* itiTtiMenttftfm* are .ifwwf* n*thw
in thle ttssattsa. tm
w wommw wf^wepwwf m* ^
ably fa^-orable.
• *   *
Teaching Labor to Fight
We must not spare any efforts to
find other means than those already
adopted to iii»l>ire the working class
with healthy and patriotic ambitions.
It ts to be hoped, ln any case, tbat If
ever a great and common duty, requiring the concentration of the whole
national strength, is imposed upon us,
that the labor classes will not withhold tbelr co-operation and tihat, in
face of a common danger, our nation
will recover ihat unity which is lamentably deficient today.
• '».*•
Treaties Made to be Broken
There muet be no self-deception on
the point thai •political arrangements
have only a qualified value, that they
are always concluded with a tacit reservation, EveO' treaty of alliance presupposes the rebus sic stantibus; for
»lnce it must satisfy tbe Interests of
e*ch contracting party It clearly tan
hold as lonjfnii those Interests arc
really benefited. This is a political
principle that cannot be disputed.
Nothing can compel s state to aot
contrary to Its own interests, on which
those of lis cltitens depend. Oonsld
orations may arise wblch are more
powerful then the most honorable Intentions.
• •   •
The Rate ef Gormen-Americans
/The leolsted groups of (lerosns
sbrosd greatly benefit our trade, since
by pwferetiee they obtain their worts
from flermsny. hut they may also be
useM to us polltlcslty, ss we discover
tn America. The American Germans
*sve formed a polities! alliance with
the Irish, snt thos united constitute
a power ia <he state, with which ths
government mast reckon.
• •  •
Ta selxs What Others Built
All which ether nations obtained
la centuries of natural development—
political union, colonial possessions,
nsvsl power, Interosttoosl trade-*men
mnUnt lo our nation till quite wwent-
ly. Whet wa now wish to attain
must he fought for. snd won. ststast
a superior fores ef hostile taterests
and powers,
• *   •
Frsnee Must Bs Crushed
la'the   first   piece, oor   position
(ween as roflMOerwaiy eosasfteatea ti
«« vwi»n» UlUi'i  gmi iUiU lit* wW *i***J
tag danger that France wUl attack tii
&m. .m* *— ■*—"—j qlAjil m iji^im mtimiOk mmk. memUA mm.
mj-m  m  iwitwwTO'rw»  w ™^Wt1iUWI» W»  -ppww  tw
we tint oamefves Inrefrat tn compH-
cations elsewhere,   la one way or sn-
tMtn* mm me***, wpmio imm* imhjw*mi*»
•Ith Fraace If we wish for afret aaat
In oar taterssttoaal policy. This Is
the flrat not foremost coottttoa ef s
sound Germsn policy, ant since the
hostility of Franco one* for all eaa*
not k* r*mor*A by p*ne*tn} rmttnwo,
ihe matter moat he seated by force of
Arm* t»nrt-"* rryiaf be *0 *tmpt*1*-1y
ciiubet thst s*bi> <«» isrrer s«sfs mm
ntttm 9m pstk.
• *ttsnaeay ant Cha Unt War.* tha
hash trees vhfch these sstraeU o-rtw
vfom, ts capnhfMsi hy ttm pomm-
eft, f*wtnaw»t, <nmm A As, Itow
Vsfb.
ployed as outside and conupany men.
Any experienced coal miner will tell
you that never more than L0 per cent
of the men working ir and around a
mine are com-pany men. But granted
tha 20 per cent of their employes
were not engaged in digging ooal, there
were approximately 10,000 coal diggers in the state at the time the strike
was called. Theee men miaed 11,000,-
000 tons ot coal. It ia common knowledge that Colorado coal miners have
never been robbed of less than 25 per
•cent of their total tonnage, which
would leave 8,800,000 tons for which,
they were paid. For this they received 55 cents a ton, or $3,630,000. Tills
gives each employee a yearly Income
of $363.00. The miners of the three
large companies worked 238 days that
year. In other words the coal miners
of Colorado In the year ending June
30, 1913, earned $1.53 a day instead
of $4.13.
The operators «ay that one of the
reasons their men were satisfied la because the companies only took 13 per
cent of their wages at the company
store. Statistics complied iby experts
and including those mines where there
were no company stores, show that all
the miners of tlie state were forced
to spend 57 per cent of their earnings'
with, tlie company and that 73 per cent
of the 'miners received the (remaining
43 per cent of their earnings in scrip
in direct violation of the state labor
laws.
The mine owners further lusult the
public intelligence by saying tliat after
lortbe ex-tr-me^deasure of-having
their wages reduced from 57 to 91
cents per day?
The mine owners say that an experienced miner cah earn $5.00 per flay,
Isn't lt peculiar then, if tbey tvifih
their men to earn this amount per day
and dc pay theni that amount, that
they refuse to pay them $3.45 per day?
The operators disprove their statements by their own figures, Thoy ray
that in August, 1913, there were i».t»59
men at work la the mines of Colorado
and tbat 40 $>er cent of these were em-
fluTetrlke" was cafled^'even- strlkere"
continued their patronage" at the
company stores. To the uninitiated
lt might he well to explain that every
mining property affected by the strike
is surrounded by a stockade* guarded
•by Imported gunmen, and that it Is not
only impossible for the -strikers to go
on company property to continue patronizing the company store, but the
Congressional Investigation showed
that tlie union men were not even allowed to go to the enclosed United
States jioat office for their mutts'.
Printer?
Who is Your
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the importance of
., the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
If you want really high
class printitig-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
■W<«ag,T.t3l=l-H*.m*l".-*   •  ■f*-~i,*^49^tm.
i*f District Ledger
-QUALITY' PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B.C
'43
. h .j._-M.
rjix:.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 31, 1914
PAGE SEVEN
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a
The Human Slaughter
House"
There has probably 'been no -book in
recent years which has caused such a
furore throughout the civilized world
as that written by. a humble Genman
schoolmaster, Wilhelm Laimszus,
about a year ago. His little volume,
"The Human Slaughter 'House," •was a
broadside anto the militarist ranks
who were leading in the world's mad
rush for more and more armaments.
•It riddled the^sham of patriotism. It
■pictured simply, yet indelibly ,the horrors, the menace of 'militarism. And
mad .with rage, the militarists turned
upon the author. The humble school
master .was expelled from' his post and
his "book was suppressed. But the
war-mad group was too late. .More
than 100,000 copies of the book had
been circulated in Germany alone In
three months. Thousands upon {thousands more have been sold since se-
dretly. And the sale was continued' in
other countries. Every nation, every
language, soon had this little volume.
Pro-baiMy over a million copies have
now been placed into the hands of
men and women who never before
new the mockery of "patriotism" and
tbe hopelessness of the modern 'battlefield.
Lamszus strips war of all Its
glamour, all its pomp and glitter. The
'battlefield is not a parade ground; it
is a slaughter house where men, dgnor-
ant of what threatens, are Instantly
wiped out .by machinery. It is no
longer a battle between man and man,
•but a struggle between steel monsters. War today means huge shells
mangling helpless men, dynamite
dropped from aeroplanes in the stillness of the night, regiments wiped out
by pressure upon an electric 'button.
Lauszus' book ls a cry against the
shambles and machinery. It Is a plea
for sanity. /For his humanity he was
persecuted. So strong 'became the
protest against his expulsion 'from the
post as schoolmaster, that the authorities reinstated him.
in an Introduction, Alfred .\'oye*>
says that it Is the supporters of militarism who, on the eve of a great war,
go about crying for the suppression of
the facts, not alone censorship of the
military plans but also of the human
suffering.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes. Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
W B   PRINT
SALE BILLS
AND PRINT THEM RIGHT
||   THE     H A   8M1854
HOMEDANK'CANADA
MAO OenCtt AHD MN1 MAWmt Ol TOKWTO
■RANCHES AHD CONNICTION* THROUGHOUT CANADA
Ultra art many hundred* of aubatantta) earing• account*
with tha Home Bank that were eterted yean ago with •
dtfMMtt of eem dollar.    Your dollar it alwaya welcome.
Fall compound interest paid. • •
J. F. MAODON ALD, Mftnafftt
VICTORIA AVI* m* ** PMNII   ■. O.
—Tihe "~iO\ Hjwjng-BxcWptS iroftj —tn e~
book will give an idea of the powers
of the writer. Mere are some of the
pictures which the militarists wanted
to keep from the people.
War! War Is declared! So the
news speeds, hollow-eyed, through
the streets. We are at war. It is
deadly earnest now. The time for
anxiety and hesitation is over, for
doubts and oscillation. The moment
has now come when wo cease to be
citizens. •Prom henceforward we are
ouly soldiers—soldiers who have no
time to think, who only have time to
die.
So they come flocking from the
workshops, from the factories, from
behind the counters and the open
country—thoy come flocking into the
town. .... Curse! -cannot get rid
of this hideous thought. Now lt Is
..lentil by machinery. That Is what Is
sticking in my gullet. We er© being
hustled from life to death .by experts
by mechanician*.
The drums and fifes strike up briskly and play a merry march. Someone
or other.- somewhere In tlie crowd,
note up a loud crowing: sort of cheer.
"Hip! Mp, hooray!" And the others
join In. It spreads al) down the whole
length of the street and doea not die
down again.
•   •   •
Again I put my rifle to my shoulder
and take aim for the center of the
turret. The target teems to have
moved nearer to me.
Of a sudden It seems to me its If
•ht. Mu-f jmliUed f^ure lad aim^wI
out of Its white square. I gape at It.
f distinctly mm> n fare In front of mc,
I have tot my finger on the trigger
and I feel the tension of tho pressure.
Why don't I pull It through? My
finger U trembling. . . . Xow, now
I recognise the face. That is lite young
frllow at Snney who wa* saying pm4
by to tits mother. ■ . ,
Then sh«' spring girt* und the groat
horror matter* me, tor I have fired
sciously struggle for breath in the
sand , . . and now . . . the
storm is over . . . the'pressure of
the atmosphere relaxes off our chests
....   we breathe deep.
Has red Hell opened its mouth?
•There rises a noise of screams and
yells, an uproar so unnaturally wild
and unrestrained that we cringe up
cQoser to another . . . and, trembling, we see that our faces, our uniforms have Ted, wet stains, and distinctly recognize shreds of flesh on tlie
cloth. And among our feet something
is lying that was not lying there before. It gleams white from the dark
sand and unfurls ... a strange
dismembered red hand . . . and
there . . . and there ....
fragramenis of flesh with the uniform
still adhering to them—then we realize it, and horror overwhelms us.
Outside there are lying arms, legs,
heads, trunks . . . they are howling into the night; the whole regiment
is lying mangled on the ground there,
a lump ot humanity crying to heaven.
*   •   •
Then a spectral vision rises before
my eyes. ... I see red Death
standing outside there on the plain
. . . the clouds reveal a face grinning down on the symphony	
Death! He is coming with a rush. He
stumbles upright in the trenches and
tumbles, howling and sobbing among
our rifles. . . . 'He strikes out at
us \vdth hands and -feet ... he is
crying and struggling like a child, and
yet no man dares go up to him . . .
for now he is rising on his knee
. . . and then we see: Half his
face has 'been torn away . . „ one
eye gone ... the twitching muscle of the cheek Is hanging down
... he is kneeling, and opening
and closing his hands, and is 'howling
to us for mercy.
We gaze at him, horror-stricken,
and are paralyzed . . . then at
length the yokel—and our eyes thank
him for It—raises the butt of his rifle
and places the muzzle against the
found temple . . , Bang! , . .
and the maimed wreckage falls over
.backward and lies still ln his
blood.   ,   .   .
And again thc darkness casts up
shapas—r—,—,—they-run-up-aad-ree!
like drunken men . . . they fall
over and -pick themselves up anew
. . . they race forward through the
night /in zigzags, until they at last collapse exhausted, and lie still under our
very eyes and  make an  end of lt.
own fault; they ought to have copied
Andrew Carnegie and John J>. Rockefeller. This style of reasoning dies
hard, but the universal miser)" "due
tb the war should give it a jolt at
least. It must he plain that social de-
rang-menfcs, and not individual incompetence, are responsible for -the general unemployment. For instance, the
city of Victoria makes the following
instructive little announcement:
"The services of the land purchasing
agent will be dispensed with on October 3lst; two assistant plumbing
inspectors and two draughtsmen in
Uie plumbing department will be placed ou half time; two clerks in the
purchasing agent's department will be
placed on half time; a number of men
in the engineering department will be
dismissed as opportunity offers; the
assistant to the meter-re-aders in the
water commissioner's department will
be dismissed and cheaper men will be
engaged; the automatic Increase to
firemen will he suspended, and it will
be.recommended that the .police:commission and ithe school board also suspend automatic increases."
The civic employees so dismissed
may find It hard to get new jobs. In
a few months they may even be reduced to accepting charity. Are they
in any way personally to blame?
Obviously not. Something has gone
wrong with the social machinery of
production, and they have heretofore
treated with amused contempt the
Socialist doctrine that the evils of
modern society are social evils and
must be remedied hy social .means.
The stern logic of ,events may change
th'eir opinion.
Nothing' can b-3 clearer at the present moment than the need of social
reconstruction. There isn't the slightest necessity for poverty on the North
American continent. iPeru is a much
smaller country than Canada, yet under the Incas it supported fifteen million people in comfort. Under the
beneficient sway of the Children of
the Sun a vast empire prospered in
peace and plenty. There was no
poverty, because the mode of production was socialistic: What the
Peruvians could do, with"-comparatively, primitive instruments of labor,
surely modern man can emulate. But
he cannot do it under individualism
and competition. He must make a
Social compact in order to set production free of the clogs and hindrances that cripple it today. The first
thing to do Is to get rid of our individualistic notions. Events will help
us. hut we can aid matters -by doing
■a~4Htle-thinkhig;—tt""lS"TJnRrW"S-fo!F
ped starving in the rnldst of potential
plenty.—The Voice, Winnipeg.
TO USE VACANT LANDS
Let Suburban Lots be Made to Produce Food
And at length some one comes
crawling toward us . . , he Is
dragging something behind him, with
his body, and all the time he Is whining like a sick dog, and is bowling
shrilly in long-drawn tones ... he
Is still crawling along fast ....
and when he has reached Us we see-
and the Wood stands still In our henria
—they are his entrails hanging out of
hU body , , , his belly has Von
ripped out from below ... he is
crawling, he is coming , , , hor-
lot   breaks   out   from   every   port;
. . for hardly three paces from
r.io he lies still . . . and then
. . .. may God forgive me .
h»> raises himself slowly on his hands
... he succeeds for a moment
. . . and looks ... nn:viCul
(.nd!   .   .   .     his   eyea   ko   aga'ni ,i!ci1j(
. . ond I ran dm nothing out!.,,, „
fiimt* great denhwrleken eyed. ... ,rr,it
Merciful (Sod! ... his eye,, .bon*
<\» x-». Those *iiy »»"mother's eyes Iimk-
jr.n Sown on me unspeakably . . .
•hat Is u son of':!:; mother lying be'ot<»
iv -bi inhered, f will throw tn,*-:!:
on Mm. Bobbin<r und klt\i UU face, aad
bathe hi* entfuUh. ew*y In my le.tr-t.
. . . i will do it! ! will. . .
Tiun the moi.i'.oiis strain rein cm-.
Mf> ,irm« srl«-"» «ay . , . \\s i\\l!>
ff rw.»rt! on h*» tme ani sinks down on
hi* tortured .iod Hit h»nd« t#!trb
mire mor*   , then ke ll">* *ti<l
Here is u suggestion to Increase the
production of food where it to most
needed, in the form ot n'.'reeolution*. by
the SJngle Tax Association of Ontario:
"In view of the fact that there is
every likelihood of a serious lack of
employment during the coming year,
and at the same time that there is
a large quantity of land lying unused
in the neighborhood of this oity where
hundreds, If not thousands, of in en
could raise sufficient food for their
families, we believe It would be very
wise for the City Council to adopt men.
;nircH to R»t permission from th? ovui*
H's of theso idle lands to inrmlt people .o (uitlvuie Ihein ainl tliu* -io
sumrthlim 'o relieve their dl-sm-iM"
tTh. :.i!ovp Js from tlie Toronto
.■ii;;] rauliids Uii of Iho ilays ul
i#ii I'ingree. then nivyor of ■ lie-
Mich., advocated u like jilan,
which v ■„* ;mi Into operation wit$i ttm
iifjinr) Une filial effect, T.vii-:y years
havo f.oii,! by since'thom d.ij-, •tjul
It does ImlPed afford a s-riklntr <*om-
mentnry on the tortoise like inte-ii-
gene* of the ma**** when tliey do not
reelUe that the only permanent solution is, noi that potatoes »!mli h-e pro-
HAD ABSCESS 9 YEARS
tarn Buk fund it and Left Ko
Mrs. Herbert Cox, of Port McXlchol,
Ont., writes: "For nine years"! suffered
with an abscess ou my face. I was
under medical treatment most of the
time and had the abscess lanced re
peatediy, I also tried several ointments and salves, but without satisfactory results, Finally the doctor
told me I had a tumor on the bone
and would have to undergo an opera-
ti m. I did so and they scraped the
lwne, but instead of healing, the wound
i.eeamc even worse than before. <By
this timo I was beginning to despair
of ever being cured, when a friend
suggested Zam-Buk. I had little faith
in It at the time, but, agreed to give
it a trial. I soon noticed such a
marked improvement that I was encouraged to continue. Day by day I
got better. Tho Zam-Buk seemed to go
to the very root of the trouble. Bit by
bit the sore healed, and Zam-Buk has
now completely cured me. It has
healed the chronic sore without leaving any trace or any scar."
The above is but one of many instances that could be cited where Zam-
Buk has cured after doctors failed,
Por any disease or injury to the
skin, nothing can equal Zam-Buk. No
matter how dccp-scatcd or protracted
the malady, this marvellous ointment
will destroy. tho roots of tho disease,
and its healing herbal essences will
quickly build up new healthy tissue.
If you suffer from eczema, piles,
cuts, burns, bruises, abscesses, ulcers,
varicose sores, rheumatism, sciatica,
or any eruption, Injury or skin disease, give Zam-Buk a trial. It has
cured others, why not you ?
At all druggists and stores, or postpaid from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, upon
receipt of price. 50c. box, 3 for I1.2&
Refuse harmful substitutes.
Those German Pensioners
In addition to the $30,000 a year
which we allow to Princess Christian
—one of whose sons is fighting for the
enemy—the Duchess of Albany gets
the -same, whilst her son, the Duke of
Saxe-Coburg and Gofha, is in the field
against us And what about Prince
Albert of Schel6wlg-Hoistein? Is it
the fact that he was in this country
when war was declared and was allowed to return, home, instead of being
held as a prisoner of war? Wre all
remember poor Fragson's song, "He
received me most politely!" How
many German princes and prlncesse-s
must be humming it to themselves?—
John Bull.
Von Moltke's Resignation
GKN'EVA, Oct. 27—The retirement
of Genera! Heiinuth von .Mol'ke. ?.s
ehi-ef-of^ne-GefffialTTen^
October 22td; is confirmed by a l.le-
grams f.-om Basic. He requested hm-
peror William to be relieved from h!s
post because of poor health. His
resignation was accepted.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays In month, at 8' jt.
m., in K. P. Hall.
A. MINTON, N. G.
' . S. TOWNSEND, R. Sec.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Alello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Pern-ie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C.C., T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of P., Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets  every    Monday  at
7;30p,m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, P. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE AS-
SOOIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets In the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
■MRS. J. BROOKS, W. -M.
W. ORR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodgo 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting breth-
ren cordially Invited.
It. CRlOHTON, W. M.
J. SKILLING, Rec. Sec.
!*»it/»a^»\r»VTr^I*t*tA\T^»\»T?»\I^t/«\t;»St*;»Al.i
;
A, MacneJI
_iL_Banv-ve!t-
War bulletins
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,  Etc
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
and kl*tf« Mother Kerch.
•   *   *
"Iiruronvr**.
VOl(«>,
"t'neovt'r tor prayer.'*-—X.
strike U]i'A   shouts   a
Y. Cell.
A OVINO •TYLE OF THOUGHT
■WW
K,
List of Locals District 18
■Ht* ■'■'U.v,** ia%, ntxnl K w. Abmnu
H   U'wu A* MtM W*. Uktbb. TAbnt, Mie.
t» A—Hwi -JT- mtbemtm.mAitteeM, Alle,
111  BmomOtmb .....J. longbrnn, BmmtJmk, Tto Pincher.
411   if-ifltfte... Jam** Borke. Bo* t& DeUevue. AIU.
iv**   »,*.*«■,m«m>«....... MtN. *«««•«• ttenmrnt-oo. Ail*.
Mi  Betem,,...............T.O. llliiflet, PMeburt, Alt*.
tnt CmbeeeAUt,, **S. MliebeO. CwtewHele. Cttomop, Attn.
%U1 CfcMMft lileiMi Wnrm. Gtovsn. AKa.
tttt Cobteem...,..,,,,...... i. jokooum, "otttme. AJt-fc
HIT  CerW»  It Oarbatt. Corbie, R C.
,lt*  Cbiwnek MtMt......... J. Wtnon. Chinook «!»#• tmmimr** Alt.-i
mt  ¥tm»tn.....,,..,........Tboe. UfiMU, Fereie, a C.
tttt  wmebr,,,»,.,..,..,i,..Ifvaii Morgan, fVank, Alta,
!»>«   Marram Mark Htlgter, Wile****, AH*.
lil  \jtnsmev*m....«*•»«*.»» **. Mooro, tttt weptb oneewe, **. t*etbbtHm
Ht*   |^»*>rU#« Orttiw^     >>»jA nwrJ^laai, C^sa«m All*.
113$ %ttnptn Lrmt... T « Hnrrtme, thmtbmm, Al*.
3^#9   jaltwn*. .*,9........... *. HieMi-ra Beaea, jtlelMNto R. €^.
iXit   P»eiA»*fa.............. T. O. Harrtea,
itt*   A meat,.,..,,..-,,.,,,,,, A, I^Mlafam, Tllliif, AXa.
$m tintmntwtm. Cetmmo.. .Mat H-arter. Oootettown. thomrn, AKa.
I«*T   rtmteae Mlnea Harry UclCaana, Nordecf, eta Raakr
all Ileiaaa. Altana.
stralslit Into* llvltifstw*. ..HwrdeW xlmS- f" ^>u' *llli Mnk '" mm* '>'
Murderer! Von have shot Uie onlyi Ui'',M »•">'*!«»««»*» that **» torrent
•on «f hl« mother, dead, f take hold| *h'n ,,l>rtN,rt gt*n'''*r "wirishwi. »'
an mtentt,   \ ptM mytett tomtbm.   A!*"'1 **«ib*r* of  i«or wnnrmn ret
nwr.l*Tt.r?   VtMxl    yon  »r*  aoldlerf^ s"»,i,u *,", »•••»''»• «'"■-«•* !>'«<»«
Itolilleiii reiw to be bmm Jiolnci.   !ff,f (m'1 " N **""**** **<A e» ii»le
•   *   * ! nenimfirt'l*, e«r»»»il with a pnnsion for
Wh>.   m,   a   *udil«n.   ha*   •»*.nr-i't drU,k     ^ n omlotlxy ot motkim men
Mh'ti, Wim I* th# obfu-i oi it: Mw remain poor sll HiHr tlv«t, I- u tb*!r
Ita ««r initl. I   mm nrnim  i-m ..r 'i    ■ *
•mo ««•« mt.    Kapta tor*4.""    And{
!.\*i* tiitim.. i**^*.***. .   Aim too* tuttre.|
.   .   .   ottr there tiie tJieer rtnga out j
•fl»in   ,   .  **# ttfnal    tot   nnmnli
notmtn, net thonnendi of voices are
rtionttna    It    »lmultuni'ou»H   *   *
m«j  **»* .iMMwMt* «i»   »* .   ,     xbm
art cbarflag en. drunk with ricton.
la ttonm rank*.   .   .   .    THBY ARK
ROUJXO   WITH   A   ROAR   OVKH
TIIB MlSTttt PIRLD.     1 mi iyiAR
rt«M   .  .  .  now It fame break mn.
.   ,1 epen mr mny** tri-l*
j my rifle ia tmnMiat ia my tfaee*. . . . j
'     A»4 ih*r-- J
*Th«. i'.»rth hen opewti ber m*mk-,
...  Hahtelna*. erwdiM nei tw* '
tertten.   Tbe b«aveaa apllt In »»ii!a
tte eartb mktlh apwanla |n *i»r*-,»«
   mm aa4 tottb Man* *«i!! %m- '.
tt** tkrtmtk  tb*  at*  ittr*  f*;tt*tu
ilu«>l»   .   .   .     an<i I-mmi
i mnk, $ mMdetmp tt^rfriir „M\.   '
rm foil in ibe c-btet •» tbat w-a r*
t*efca«r4 io ibe grant I -net bn-t < >.-
j dii(*d for »ii"'. nut that nil production
I nftoulit be for the *nmi< inirimtW', and
1 not as It In toda.v   primarily for pro-
| .'ii. ,iAll Uh* i-uuawini-iii uimt-ry rt-xull*
| ina, dm> to the fa<'t that they who l«v«>
Iti't'ii |wlt| wap1* liiv«-» no work, bene*
I t.o nnpen, MHd un* -rnmpelleil to wlopt
ftuh cnt.'a*Hur«>M si* tim*»' ouiifin'd itbovp,
! Vou fan *»m*ib ih#* i»r*«»cnf «niiMf if
j all th*» #-mlal nvH* only »h»*ti yon un
; <1*rn'rtjut ItH funrtlimti.      To dd  t'tir
y, it mu*l inv*>;itlsFal#* and A.itni ul   In
t'|,!tiit;i!H   mini bt   m-Mfitliin  Umf   H   i*
t:*'!.* v '..iu- Ai  thi   j*-;»r  ■>*  u***,,u  'i,
pliifit {>-?tat*o«'i*'. in tlm mraittliii'- H !*
a ft*.,, cf (*,*(.n: t**(. t*n4 i
SMMs Cure
aweair areaa eouoMa. euaca coma.
weaM tw vwaoaT ano umm, aacawra
The Allied Army of Unemployed ia
besieging the shop gates of tlie nation.
Nearly all tho wounded In the present Industrial wnr in this couutry
have been hit In the stomaoli.
The attack on the free lunch counter continues with unabated fury.
Thc report from Petrograd, Kj„ tliat
the breadline Is slowly crumbling
away is officially denied in Berlin,
Wis.
Tln> army of (ioiwral 'Hunger is making satisfactory progress.
The Intenrtnte Commerce Commission has made a vicious attack on our
lln« of communication by n«i»lng
ftflirht rntps.
Zepjielln XIII., whlrh a»cf4iuI(Ml from
Fort Poverty last we«k to locate meat
prl-i'c*. I« now filiiiom out of ttlwht and
mill going up.
Since tbe outbreak of Un> wnr iho
crew* of the natloim freight tnilnn arc
rejwrtliiK a tremenilona lMnii«« In
p:«ifst'np«>r traffic, l! icmhk that tli*
fad of **p«»in* America flr»t he* affeH-
«d «'ven Uu; lower c*Js***»*.
The re«'rve army ot labor whlib
went Wint to bnrvett the bum-per
croiw. l« returnlnif Kant on th»> bum
prr# without th« rropn.
Fall* teaching!
Thi» man* of pwir, ignorant 'll<w*-;
i.MiiI*«>i, not knowing tke right < f ijii»i-
bird ii'Mii! cir'ii, iiin-ttr reiiiltt* tb.it
lh<' world bi'Utiiiti f»i ll« |«pu1*!.'o".
*. 'niiiii ei:*** it, nxtry -roun'ry bt*
ti«K<Mi pohM'«ii|(rii nf pn'jiM'rty and gov-
<-rti!ii»'tt' -aiwl lu'iki'* l«w for it* o-a-h
sifi't.i .nul t';i' j!»'i'iir!t,v of iu p|,u„l,-i
-—f-dnr-nttnt tb* fi|fi-****w, K*ti*rn"ti-'ti ;*
tur Ki'iM-raUon, lulu Uu* l»t«lsi'( u,*■•* "■*■*
vtmtiHkttt i* tlm ii.it.nrai (»r(Jt-r .»:vl in*-
•'fa* nt Utei." My U-nm truliniu: u
tiUlitiuoMuri    in*    pt*rt,ii-    *"i-*ry*bt rt'.
bit**  Itmtl*  In  f»'t!*'ir*t    lit**   •m»'llt:,f '''I
of their «%I«t# *»inl nmtit-r*- %* \h** y,"
nt right mnl fimtiion *ir*.*f .itel 'h-->r
OAli bilttll ,l.»l||,.l, 1*11)1,1 tell-* '.Ill
llli IIH'II OM gilt   l-ii ll»Vt-  ll   l»!. lili-u.ia  \':\
Ing on U«t# plati-wi..as tbt* i»r»niiitiii-«*
v» *-.*** *uti «iwmt-r.--j«»ii» ttoyit.
< i«:.. '
?. C, Lawe Alex. I. F'shet
LAWE A FISHER
o ATTOttNKVS
Fernie, B. C.
WINTER
Will Soon Be Here
ARE YOU READY?
WE ARE
We can eupply your need* In
either coal or wood beaten.
Call In and leek ever our stock
of rsnge» and beaters before the
cold weather arrives.
It tmy ti* pruthwtiwfhi.- "no 4*»* ?■*'•■»
aoo't ootuttty." but <b«* nnwtton e*vt*
fronting tb*mi«»nd« In -Tanst-da tnejuy i*
,,,,.   4,t.   .  «,v.~* lit .••»   ***  %**** »<>..u-
try thrmitb ttM» winter?   "
',\ Vrentk statistlctoe *»Umaf-».» (b,<it
dur In* tke laat <«tnry ftmrt^n mi1-
lion men *ttt* killeil and ttlaeb'.r I In
wer   And tbfi- will tkt* "Httllntftn'X"
Ai,«l m* *«nt t„ Htltts* Hi*' kmtken
nn^ tt-ttrh Mn*> 'a ii«* »*•»• -'• -ipm • -f
thrr'n ainpmy* ii'nh (wmr ritk-*,
vbrnpmel, btmtm. nlr*
J. D. QUAIL
'T ■*       •>    ■■* > *%*■* -ant %
Photic 37
FERNIE    -B.C.
KING'S  HOTEL
"Safety Brat" t* tin* mutlu t»f tb<->H«r «i»i«fH«#*«* with lh**- tw*t Wint**,
raltna ek*m-~~ibnf* *b*'t erne a*!***?
*aen It tt Bwen* ft* writy** nt **■'*
limn nt tht* totlir*
|,K|tn>|* Ikln I   t >«ll>
IHXIM* ttinttt  IN COXMXTKIN.
8»4*u*<iJ km* Mini tti.i-1:  t-mtt*      Uie*
tm**, no% •"tttt*.'" I*/*!**'*,  ttm't  "Ae* -
*t%t ■m* ■*«», w«m» tMMMA-StSi
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 31, 1914
r
GOOD VALUES IN  LADIES' COATS &
MACKINAW CLOTHING
Mackinaw   Clothing
For Men & Boys
We now have in stock a complete range oi' Mackinaw clothing comprising the fancy cheeks made in
Norfolk styles, wliich makes a very desirable curling coat .and the plain black single-bre&ted and
double breated styles in 3 weights, 36 oz., 40 oz.,
and 41 oz. cloths. Also in Greys. All styles arc
carried in both men's and boys' sizes.
Boys' sizes 28 to '34 Men's sizes, 36 .to 4S
Men's Fancy Mackinaw Coats, $5, $6, $6.50 and $9.
Boys' Fancy Mackinaw Coats $5.75.
Men's Black leather bound Coats $6.
Men's Black bolted Coats, single and double-breasted, $5, $6, $7.50 and $8.50.
Men's Black Curler Coats, red piping $7.50 & $8.50.
Boys' Black Coats $4.50.
Men's Grey 44 oz. Coats, plaid back $7.50 and $8.50.
Men's Sheep-lined Corduroy Coats with collar 10.50
Boys' Sheep-lined Corduroy Coats with collar $6.
Men's Duck Coats, sheep-lined $5.50 and $8.50
Men's Grey Frieze Coats, sheep-lined $7.00
MACKINAW PANTS
Men's heavy-weight Mackinaw Pants (40 oz.) $4.
Men's medium weight Mackinaw Pants (36oz) $3.50
Boys' heavy-weight Mackinaw long Pants (40 oz)
$2.75.
Boys' short Mackinaw Pants, heavy weight (40 oz.)
$1.95.
MEN'S AND BOYS' MACKINAW SOX
Men's long Mackinaw Sox at 75c. 85c. $1, $1.25 and
$1.50 per pair.
Boys' long Mackinaw Sox at 50c. 65c. and 75c. pair.
Hard Times Specials
For The Ladies
MILLINERY
Exclusive Hats nt moderate prices. If you have
not your winter Hat now is your opportunity to get
one at a very small cost. You will find these
Hats in throe different lots
+10.00 to $32.50 for $7.50
$7.50 to $9.50 for $5.00
$5.00 to $6.50 for $3,75    .
12 DRESSES ON SALE FOR SATURDAY
They come in Serge, Panama, Tweed and Velvet;
sizes 34 to 38.     Regular values, $15.00 to $25.00
Special Sale Price      $10
Shoe Departmemt
Great Showing of Felt and Cloth Slippers
Our winter stock of all lines of Felt and Cloth
Slippers is opened. Never before have we had
such a large assortment to choose from. Made in
all colors and styles, on wide and easy fitting lasts.
Cozy and warm Slippers for all; for house and
bedroom, in men's, ladies' and children's.   •
See Our Window Display
LADIES'
COATS
Tf you appreciate '
special values these
coats w.'ll be sure to
please. You will find a
large variety of styles
and materials, and" at
prices that will suit
i ■. 'j-vbodv.
$10.00
COATS
Regular value, $40.00 to $50.00 Special $30.00
Regular value $32.50 lo $37.50 Special $25.00
Regular value $25.00 to $30.00 Special $20.00
Regular value $18.50 to $20.00 Special $15.00
Regular value $8.50 to 7.50 Special $5.50
SATURDAY SPECIALS
Ten Coats on special sale for Saturday. In this
line you will find coats with good style and materials.    Regular values $15.00 to $25.00.
Special     $10.00
SATURDAY SPECIALS ~.   ,     *
Fresh Killed Chicken, per lb 20
California Cooking Figs, per lb, 10
California Black Figs, per lb 10
California Table Figs, 1 lb. pkg 15
California Fancy Prunes, 10 lb. box  1.40
California Fancy Peaches, 10 lb. box  1.25
Laurentia Milk, large tins, 2for " .25
Laurentia Milk, 20 oz, tins, 3 for 25
Heinz Tomato-Catsup, pints 25 .
Heinz Tomato Catsup, small 10 •
Heinz Pork and Beans, medium, 2 for 35
Heinz Pork nnd Beans, small, 2 for     ,10
Heinz Dill Pickles, per doz  20   s
Wngstaff's .Tam, 5 lb. pails. Raspberry, Apple, Red Currant and Lemon  .75
Diamond Maplo Svrup, quart tins      25
B. C. Onions, 12 lbs 25
B. C. Cabbage, per lb 02
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lb. tins     .65
PATENT MEDICINE SPECIALS
Castoria. per bottle     ,25
Allenburv's Infant Food, No. 1 and 2 large ..    .85
I'lorliok 's Malted Milk, small 40
Horlick's Malted Milk, medium 85
Horlick's Malted Milk, hospital  3.50
Lyman's Beef, Iron and Wine, 16 oz , 50
Lyman's Talcum Powder, large size 25
Lyman's Talcum Powder, medium. 2 for 35
Lyijian's Peroxide, small     .10
Lyman's Peroxide, large     .20
Linseed and Turpentine Cough Syrup     .20
33 Inch FLANNELETTE SPECIAL, 2 Yds. for 25c.
This is an extra good quality and a good washer.
Comes in Pink, pale blue, whito and a big selection
of stripes. Regular 15c. yard.
A-special line of children's Fleece-lined Waists.
Extra warm aiid a splendid wearer.
Saturday Special 3 for $1,00
t
28 Inch VELVET CORDUROY
Very suitable for children's Coats and winter
dresses.   Comes in soft silky finish.     A splendid •
assortment of shades.    Special 60c. per yard.
The Store of
Quality
TRITES-WOOD
Money Saving Prices
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Jf
COMMUNICATED
WHY  NOT CUT THE
CITY   COUNCIL?
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Ir,—-KnowIns that the Ledger
has fewer "strings" than most of the
publication hi this district, aivd further that we can always get a candid
expression' of opinion from your columns, I shall bo greatly obliged If you
will glvo the following publicity.
Thoso prosent on Sunday ut Uio
puibllc meoting seemed very anxious
to do u llttlo Investigating or devise
mme means whereby thin could be accomplished, but all the Investigating
was evidently to be directed at discovering how much those charitably
disposed were likely to (be imposed
upon by the applicant!) for relief. The
chairman, dear soul, Haw nothing: for
jit but "Investigation." Ahem! If I
am informed correctly, tho gentleman
occupying the chair on thl* occasion
han quite ft little "intcrost" in the city.
It Ih not necessary to comment forth-
office hab been held by men previously t'o- the honor (\) -But times ar.j
hard and we must all make "sacrifices." Therefore,. In my opinion, it ls
most -becoming and* appropriate that
the "first magistrate of the city" ahow
otihers the way. Of course, It Is just
possible that the mayor, in Bplte of the
fact that he has not ■ worked' short
time, may be hard up, It this is so
I sincerely trust ho will learn, the lesson of "thrift," and remember that
he must .be always ready for a "rainy
day," and put 'Something by in the
stocking. Ho must not .be'tho same
as the -wicked English-speaking min-
vr, who spends all he has with no re-
card for the morrow. (You will note,
Mr. Editor, that several people are
busy spreading -the report that tho
English-speaking miner ls the ouly
person In need, nnd that most of the
foreign brothers have something saved
by them; if these know-all were to attend our union meetings tiley would
experience a great difficulty In discovering what the "something" navod
was! >
tlcular who has saved this city by his
tact and ability, considerably more
than the $130 the city treasury pays
him. And, as previously stated, the
Councillor In question has suffered
more than nny other through a "cut."
Nevertheless, It is the duty of this
city to see that the position of those
who possess is investigated as well as
the dispossessed. If there 1s to be a
cut let it start In with those who are
receiving the greatest proportion not
those who are receiving the smallest.
It may toe advisable to'aave fifty cents
per day on thirty men, but this Is
only a question of $W0 per week, and
when we have men paid at the rate
ot $10.01) per hour the citizens might
Investigate right there and ask if they
nre not being Imposed upon.
The pathetic manner In which we
are told that we must all make sacrifice*, would make a crocodile weep,
but lt will not make those who have
been voting themselves a fine lit. salary relinquish same If they think the
citizens are inclined to be indifferent.
The municipal elections will shortly
nr.    The individual * Ito »e«k» olutrlty
must be a thriftless scoundrel <'. I; h« j of his salary, we will turn to the alder
Is likely to rob the funds and thereby  men, who number five.     Now, on an
Well, presuming that tho mayor is be here and those at present In charge
quIlM reedy to give hull or the whole  of affairs will be reviewing th«lr ef
PUBLIC  MEETING TO  HANDLE
CASES OF DISTRESS
cauee aome other deserving caao to be
overlooked. He has no doubt spew
, nwM of his money on boote, and quite
possibly spent some of that money In
the numerate "boo*erle«" that this
city boseta of, (No, sir, I am not »
"dry" dieetple.l The city Council
is quite corrwet in stating that w«* must
retrench; quite right In slating that
•mon<»y can be saved if «e pet men to
average the Council works two hours
forts, let It be remembered tliat we
want those who have worked for the
best "Interests" of the town, and not
per nigrtw, and for each meeting re- the best "rate of Interest."   Let every
ml ve ti.Oii, or $2.50 per hour. A
councillor earns in one night more
than twice as much nf a relief worker receives for two days! The mayor gets roughly 120,0(1 per meeting
and earns as much in two hours ««
the worker does In eight and a half
man who hns a vote see that this is
Riven to men who will be desirous of
conserving the city'* interests, and
then it will not bn necessary to rebuke our representatives through tbe
columns of the press.
•There haa >b**n disclosed in thit city
a pretty rotten state of affwlr», and It
ia known by most cltitens that -several voters havo been placed on the vol-
days! There Is more than one conn-
work for two two«bl»s, and the meet-j clllor who la credited with being a
ln« wnn quite right In Inflating that! property owner, and one in particular
every enno ahould be Investigated. We! who boasta that be has "admetlngj era Hat who, if the Police Commission-
are in accord with the exprcaatona of j like tlrty or forty tousand dollars Injurs were to take a right course, would
the chairman—there must be Invest!- j property," Now, Mr. Bditor. do you be placed on a very different list.
g»Uo»!      Y«a. sir, t-N-V-KJUTdO-A- I or my right think person think thnt | The cRton* must sec that tWa acum
TJ-O-N !
this man ahould be taking something ] ia not used to *oo*t the Hat of voters;
liut we must investigate the case hike $U*> oat of tht dly treasury 7 j they must see that frequenters and
nf t«iU«i. ***** x**v* inn murh *a well I ehmHi thee* ota*n\* riot have beenI parasites of the segregated district,
aa tho** who have tm tittle, If it la i the til* to cut thalr wages? If those j ara not permitted 40 tovarn tbla town,
ainful to poa**#s leaa than sufficient,iln need are to be Investigated ta It and it laey uo uu» ih«* wu* txm tow,
sur-ely It ia Jost as heinous to .poeeets j not absolutely noceaaary that we in-
more titan sufOciaui. j vtttigata the position of those * J o
80 flrat of all I would suggest that j posaes* and are attll taking their sal-
we InriMitirate' th* twm* «t the Mev©r! arte* out of ihe city*
there will be greater contentment and
prosperity in thia ttrnn.
With your permission, Mr. Editor. !
will deal uith this question a Utile
and bis salary:
!    !*t mn ttate right here that there i further next wee* tor there is need ol
are certain Councillors who have already experienced a "cut," nnd th*
irony of II I* that these ore the men
who have done the -best .work on the
Council; these are the men wbo the
TM* gentleman la paid 1500 per annum from the city treasury for servicer performed, suppose we cut him
In halves? This will mean ISM) more
tan bn spent In giving employment to
m«n «bo do not retiutrt: tWaritj. Farther, it will moan that the Mayor wilt j with the Coal Company. If there
be making a re*»i ancritw*. H* ftlwmUl. uri*** <m> diUivtiUy will, Ui»« nuu
not require thia money for he haa a j ugemeni of the Coal Company, or uny
fin* bote!, one of th* heat In the town,' little pi**-* of boalness thai calls for
a little fearlessness In cleansing thia
UlstrUt, and I bave every hope that
the citlxens and proas will tackle thia
queatlon thoroughly.
Thanking you ta anticipation of pub-
Council looks to in all their vtw Wmtlon,
Yours truly.
PROPERTY OWNER £
UNIONIST.
aad haa collected quite a little of the
•'tbrtfT of the workera over th* bar.
Ut me tMMrten to add, with all elncer
ity, xbni ble I»u4*l it** Ufcvtt Attll -tou-
dacttd te emmttem with other
housea In the town. The dutlte of the
•ayor, however, cannot be raatrded
othor than aaperaomarary. and this
diplomatic handling, everyone "vho [ 'npnmmt, or tilt Revolt of the
haa followed the wortrtnge of thi j Gladiators,"" n ttmtnwouth spectacle,
Cil^ Council knowa who bandfes 1:., employing thonsasda ot people In the
Ottl ut **r*»*k*a fut IU* laodualy nt tfiu.vuiUu*j. Cotttalai itt* hrf"* :ir<-na
councillor I refrain from mentioning aee«e» In ptctoftt. Thii great pk*
hia name, but I have not the slightest j ture wlM be ebowu at tbe Orphwim,
lMMtatloa In saying that of all the i Hattmiay night awl Monday aftwnooa
Oowcinot* there ia one own In par-j and night
(Coiitluuvnr trout l'uste One)
The iMayor'a .speech was in'reply to
a few remarks and suggestions by G,
.O'Brien, to the effect that the city put
men to work gathering rocks for the
crusher to break next spring. George
was .brief andyto the point; he wan tod
to see the men at work.
Thos. Uphill referred to the city
giving work to those outside the city
limits which, so far, he stated, had
been dono without discrimination, He
thought, however, that It was up to
tho govern ment to jump ln and aid
those outside the cily limits, and suggested that the city send an Immediate enquiry through the Government
Agent in Fernie asklnj? the Provlncia'
Covernroent to start work on publk
Improvements. This work had to be
done and the money spent, and the
speaker thought now wna the time.
Geo, OWrleu made a motion that all
funds be turned over to the City Council to handle as they thought fit.
iMr. W. W. Brown made an amend-
incut, nbkh did not find a seconder.
Thia gentleman waa heard to remark
tfiat the prevailing want among working men wae lesa work and more
money, which for hia satisfaction
would atate ia perfectly correct. When
the working claas cease to strive for
thle the capitalist claaa (especially
the would-be capitalist claaa) will
ceaae to exist. Mr, Brown, like many
olhera in thin city, *<onu to be under
the Impression that the city has been
built up on the savtnga of a few. Instead of the apendlngs of many,
Robt. Johnstone, of Coal Creek, was
not quite content with the Information he had gathered at the meeting,
and rather quietly told the gathering
that he had learned little more than
he had previously known. Which,
by tha way, was a very poor co»pl*>
ment to those nrwnt. Robert waa
evidently there to learn, but hsd he
bad previous experience ol gathewnga
In thia City, where the question of
distress .was discussed, be would have
stayed away. True, thi poeition of
Coal Creek is very different to that
of Kernle, and it must -he admtued
lhat outside of the mlnea, tad possibly a Httl* government road work,
there dom not appear to be much fer
tba worker In tha abape of relief laprk.
■Mr. Johnstone stated tbat tba provincial government bad been asked to
come to their aasistance. In tkt
uh ,iut,:»»: tlit nuo'-luu iumtiV^ll)' -xn-,
ed it: What has happened to W. R.
Roaa? la he dead or Just sleeping?
Possibly it Is the Intention of tho tor*
ernment to be aH aame bear! HR»r»
nate.
Aa iotuc <tucarfou had bucu rated
with regards to tlw length of tint tht
city would be able to employ men, and
what wtMld happen to any funda that
might bt left In tha city treasury when
work was shut down if they were to
receive all monies, an amendment by
Chas, Ward was carried that all -fundB
be handed to the City Council, .but that
when the city-,had no further work,
the funds revert to Uie commltteo to
be- handled and disposed- of <b>i them.
Among the speakers at the gathering was tlie Rev. ..Mlchels, who .spoke
on behalf of those outside tho city
limits. He reminded those present
that the people in Coal Creek, West
Fernlo and Annex were In sore need
and would require relief, Theae people must not be neglected. He concluded with an earnest appeal to the
Council to see that every case received proper attention.
Wm. Jackson, councillor, and *HArry
Martin also spoke. The latter speak-
er saplently pointed out that the people in West Fernie and the Annex
apont their money In the City and
were entitled to some consideration,
The question of rate of payment
was also touched upon, and the opinion expressed that thia was not any
too great. .However, aa wo have previously stated, in spite of Mayor Gates
arsurance to the contrary, the city finances nre not In auch a condition tbat
they can afford to spend money Indiscriminately. The wagos may be poor,
mieergbly poor, and even the Mayor,
we venture would not llko to try the
experiment ot living on 113.60 per
week In this town, especially If be
had to keep a family of four little
one*. Nevertheless, tho money haa
to como out of the pocketa of every
rltlien and If we deplete tht city treasury we shell very soon tnd nny* relief work. Thtrt art many needing
aattttanct, and It la batter to bt guard-
td In expenditure, at prat-tat, than
Isviab.
who Is held In higher esteem than the
late editor, <and it would1 be difficult
to find a man in that district, who
knew him -personally, that could not
spgak in terms of the highest of his
a-bllity aud fairness.
In volunteering Mr. Foster haa proved tlio coinage of his convictions; he
has shown that having principles and
shouting them Is not enough—-he Is
ready to make tlie greatest sacrifice
possible of comfort and position to
vindicate hia belief. This ia real
-courage, nnd should prove to mnny of
the business men ln Fernie and elsewhere, .who have expressed a desire to
volunteer, that, one man hu solved
the -difficulty of the busine-sft queatlon and gone. It haa .been aald In
onr hearing more than once by contain
individuals tihat they are quite willing
to go to the front but "they do not
know what would happen to their business,"
Without being too severe ou those
making thia excaae, we fear It It very
much a queatlon ot "thty don't know
what would hatppen to Uiehr bidet,"
Wt peraooally have pleasure ln congratulating Mr. Foster, not btoautt
we love war, but because wt rtoogniie
that tbt man who will offer hte lift
tor hia convictions haa made tht greatest tacrlfict poeaible. Couract mutt
alwaya be admired whtthtr R la expressed in fl*hting on tbt battlefield
or the political field, Wt wlah Mr,
W. Oaiand Foster a safe return.
IDITOK Or NILSON NlWt
OOM TO THI FRONT
W. Garland ftotttr, who for tout
tlmt haa acted at edltONwmagtr of
Um .Vaiton Seme, is ta tbt «*y ot its-
nit, and txptcu to Jouraty to tbt front
with tbt neconi *t«wtlntt«t.
■Mr. Foster haa been In cfcargt of
tht Nelaou News for wtrly alx yeara
ami duriMf tbat period tht ptper hat
bteo much improved, whllt tht Job
printing portion of tht bualntaa* has
alto beta moat successfully managed.
Mr. Foster la • capable wriUr tad a
my thorough and ayattOMtle bwlnttt
m»nmg»r, ami tinfcr htm tht ptan/t and
paper enjoy n ptrtoa oi proaptrny
which had previously hem dnnimL Ite
■ot only brought tht paper tap to date
tad gave ibe paper a repataHoa that
trtm-dt throng-bout tbt whole of Watt*
era Canada, but ht alto rootmtemt
and aqnlpped the ooaawtrtta! end ttt
ttatattae*, nia tbe remit ttat tto
NtltM New Comptny km toitnr em
ot tht best Job printing botbaaata
between tbe coast tad Calasry.
Tbttt h poatlbty at mm ta Ntltoa
Why to R there art ao away deetl-
lutein a land of plenty! Tbtfetttswrc
Dull of coal and tht wiatfn cellars art
empty. The granaries art filled wtto
wheat, time mills art not running at
half capacity, and people are In need
ot brand. Thtte art quetUooa tliat
every seoalWt man and wonaa ahould
tew ^waHainapjp  a^HHW*^^tta  wt*   Mwf tWwta*#
HOUSE  90   RBNT—Four Roomtl
tw tn tr *wmmwmwn       ii|f|'if   t^va   wamtmmrt   aWA
itt. p
eneSH9B9KSB9HSSSHB5SSHBBHB3K»3H!HW
Classified ids, -Cent a Word
FOR-RENT—TWO unfurnished rooms,
suitable for light housekeeping, in
JBeck Block. Apply T. Beck, Ingram's Cigar Store. 2t&
WANTED--Active, reliable man as
local agent. New steering device
for Ford automobiles. Guaranteed.
Sells fast. Good money for right
man. Ford Kquallaer Co., 526 Bur-
rard street, Vancouver.
A REM, OAK IIBATER-For   Salt.
Apply, 60 MacPherson Ave,
FURNTTURE FOR 8AI.R~Ihclud-
Ing heaters, range, beds, ttbita, chairs,
etc.   Apply r»8 Chlpman Avouue. City
ORA5HNG~Wii! tako a limited num-
ber of horaes to pasture; 1200 acres: '
running water,   ll. G. Nath, Living-
atone, Alta. '
K>R RENT—Fully *Iod«nT«^oom.
ed house; steam-heated; every Appliance; 126 MoPherson Avenue. For
further particulars apply If. Oarilstt.
Fernie.
FOR KENT-Two roomed flhsck;
$10.00 par month. Apply, t Dalton
Avenue. . Jtp
uytcw ahaek to Mcnwrwe
roomt; aofltt, tltotrle light; ftgfct la
oity;  vtry ooavtnltnt     Apply,   SI
ftiiwmrt Wtreet   1N»n»te ran
eeeemtepeamemesmmeeemeeteeeeeemm
l Con Rattt, ItoMtnafet, Wttt tot*
nit. W you wlah yoar twpWtataowBt-
td wtll. flaiahtd vail, aai natty rtal-
title, |Hrt na a tail. Saaa^tt of oar
work can bt wan att ont tht pro*
TO RENT—Two rooasa ortr aloft;
tttaai ktattd.    Apply Tta Ot-ek.
OOOD APPLBS CHEAP
tbty tHtoet Item Oromw
Aid rata
JOHN  HOlftHTOW,
**t
Free
GUARANTIED
Am«riMUi •Ilk
HOtllRY
Wt WANT VOU TO KNOW
THtll HOII
Thty stood tht tttt wbta all
others fslled. Tbty give real
teet eomtott Thty hav* M
aeans tt rip, Thty never be-
mm Jowt and baggy, aa tbt
abape to halt la, aot imtat« In.
imp tte  uuAMAXirmw far
nnMicf,r. tor pu-lcv w *.tu»wJiy
Ity of matarial and wortansn-
•hip, absoltttlr auinltaa, aaf to
m rtpUctd by new pairs ttm?
out #*if opeen
Three pain of oar fiwwaa
HOM, wltk writttt laafaatok
Tlret pairs ot ew LadUtt*
Hose lu Dkck, Tat ot White
eotert, with written gaaraattt.
wh« dtalif tn ywr ItoE^r f|
ajtoatod.   Give eator aai etmf
DtyttM*. OMt, U» A A.
*«
./"
saasssissiiissi

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