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The District Ledger Jan 23, 1915

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Array ■¥&■
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Indastrial Unity Is Strength
The. Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
no. 22; vol. vin.
THE DISTRICT LEn^ER, FERNIE, B.C., JANUARY 23, 1015.
Coalhurst Sed^^y
Replies to ''Hosp&gJ'
To tke Editor, District Ledger.
Dear filr,—Evidently "Hospital"
whose letter appears in the issue -just
to -hand -has read tlie article I wrote
aud which you published December 19.
"A Few Plain Pacts to Outside Workmen", (or any others for tha^ matter),
stating the reasons why they should
belong to a Union. With regard to
"Hospital's" advice, that It would be
better if I advocated a hospital in
CoaihurBt, let me ask this individual
why ie -does not" agitate this himself,
as he -ia so concerned about it, and
judging from the tone of his remarks
lie has a grievance with the present
hospital arrangement, or does he consider that hbeplt&is are more in demand -than untons? If he -belongs to
the Local b-ere and attends the meetings,,ia be ought to do, he must know
that there is-an. agreement in torce
between the Diamond City Hospital
and our Local 'Union, also that sixty
days' notice by either party is all that
is necessary to give* tb end the contract If he belongs to the Local he
must also know -that as late as December the doctor and hospital arrangements were up for discussion, when
there wjsa not a single complaint made
by aa/ of the three hundred members
against the present contract, and it
was agreed to continue the same without the slightest amendment
In view of these facts why should
I advocate a hospital in Coalhurst
whetf Our members are satisfied with
tha hospital five miles away? I may
further-add th&t I am satisfied with
this aq-angement personally; official
ly l jowst be satisfied with it because
the Union as a body is, and until they
show that aCchange is desired-1 shall
do no advocating of any change be
ing maide to the present arrangement
With jntnTonoO" to' the party being
trruutt, >rt ^a«-t*h_jthJi*i^4tt-«Aa.a-Ja-*i^flr
and whoever he was-he could not have
been a twmber of our organization, as
we have iad biit two funerals this
winter, on» being killed in the mine,
the otlMM^iu^a^
Aa tha party about whom "Hospital"
is so exercised is now dead, then sorely he so wilting to. tell others what
to -do oufht 40 go tight after those re.
sponsible tor the crime,of allowing a
nan to freese to death.
In regard to the "Democrat," inay
say.for the benefit of "Hospital" and
others interested, that a result of the
efforts put forth by the officials of
tills local, backed up' by members of
the union a proper ambulance conveyance will soon be ready and
in-' shape to meet the emergency,
which we sincerely trust may be
few and far between, and that Diamond City Hospital may have patients
very seldom from Coalhurst.
In the meantime I shall continue '0
advocate that ull mineworkers should
join our organization and also advise
those who are not already of it and are
elegible that they can do far more ef-
fectlve worn for their fellows and for
themselves by becoming members instead of criticizing from the outside.
Get Into the organization, when they
will have every chance given them to
air their grievances ou the floor of the
local.
The stranger we make our organization the better we can fight for legislation so that we can have laws made
protecting-the lives, limbs and health
of our membership—secure amendments to the Workmen's Compensation
Act, enforce laws now on the statute
books, obtain the repeal of laws'that
we consider unjust, thereby reducing
accidents and the requirements of doctors and Hospitals to a minimum. This
is tbe aim and object of Unionism, and
If "Hospital" wishes to obtain the best
for himself and those in whom he !s
interested, if he is not a member ot
the Union, he'll become one, and If
already a member, then let him attend
the meetings and help along the cause
of unionism.
thanking you for the space given to
this letter,
I am, dear Sir,
 __XounMreP3r-4ni*^r : ~
FRANK BARRINGHAM.
Sec. Local 1189, U,M.W.A,
Coalhurst, Alberta.
SOCIALIST   PARTY   OF   CANADA
William Allen will speak on Sunday
next in the Socialist -Hall on "The
Class Struggle in America." The
meeting commences at 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. Discussion invited.
All interested are earnestly requested
not to forget there will be a dance on
Saturday night.
Ou Sunday last the hall on Pellatt
Avenue was comfortably filled when
Alf. Budden delivered his lecture on
the war situation, instead of "Dualism" as advertised. Allen's orchestra
gave several selections, and Hautzin-
ger a clarinet solo, all of which were
greatly appreciated. An Interesting
nlscussion took place after the speaker had concluded his address.
Alf Budden will speak in the Opera
House at Michel on Sunday evening.
Subject: "War and the Socialist movement." A cordial Invitation is extended and we can assure Michelites
that whether they agree witli the
speaker's-views or not they will be
pleased with the clear way in which
he treats the subject. Discussion
desired.
On Sunday, Jan. 31st, Alf. Budden
will address -a meeting at Hillcrest m
the Union Hall.
FAMILIES  OF  MINERS
IN  CUMBERLAND  AREA
ARE NEAR STARVATION
Appeal to Vancouver Board of Trade
to Endeavor to Have B. C. Coal
Used Instead of Washington
That the Importation of Washington coal into British Columbia and its
use in preference to coal mined in
this province, is working a hardship
on the people of the coal-mining town
of Cumberland and other camps on
Vancouver Island, is the burden of a
complaint which has been received
from the Cumberland Board of Trade
by Secretary Blair of the Vancouver
Board of Trade., The influence of the
local body of business men is. asked
foi: the miners and their families of
Cumberland.
Should this meet the eye of
any relatives in British Columbia or Alberta,,, of William
Johnson, aged 38, who was
killed in the Hillcrest (Alta.)
explosion, June 19, 1914. they
■are kindly requested to com-
mun-icale with A'. J. Carter,
■Fernie, B.C.
HUGH   CARLILE   DIES   SUDDENLY
^.MlBs^aul.misslonarj'j exgreeses her
heartfelt thanks to the ladles ot
Fernie, Miohel and Natal for their invaluable efforts which made the
Christmas tree and Sunday 'School
treat at Christmas so decided a success.
1 	
W. Balderstone Writes
From Australia
Cumberland coalTU Is stated, ls of
better grade than Washington. There
seems to be no reason why it should
not be used and the Washington coal
ejected  from the -market, the  com
On Monday morning last the citizens of Fernie were greatly shocked
when the news was spread around
town that Hugh Carlile, one.,of the
city's highly respected and old-time
residents, had passed away very suddenly, o    •       ,V
-The deceased gentleman had b^en
losing flesh for some time previous to
his demise, but it was not generally
considered that his condition was
critical, as he had been up and around
constantly, attending to his usual duties, in fact was a candidate for municipal honors at the recent civic election, pushing forward a most vigorous
campaign.,.He retired on Sunday night
as usual, and on Monday stating that
he was not feeling particularly well,
asked his wife to get him a drink.
This she did, and upon returning to
the room found him lying unconscious.
Medical attention was immediately
siven, but he did not regain consciousness, passing away about 30 o'clock.
Mr. Carlile was a native or Belfast,
Ireland, and has been engaged in the
plumbing and steam heating 'business
for a number of years here, and also
formerly had a branich at Elko.
Funeral took place Wednesday afternoon under the supervision of the Masonic fraternity, of whjchi deceased was
an honored member, and was also an
energetic worker in the Presbyterian
Church.
He leaves a widow to mourn his loss,
and to whom the sympathy of the
community is extendedin her bereave-
"m-entr ~   ""^ :
BAD FOR BURMIS
Jf CORRECT
There is a rumor persistent along
the Pass that Burmis camp is likely to
be (bsid down indefinitely.     Should
his prove correct i: affects about 100
mineworkers.
Re CHINOOK MINES
iu
JUNIOR HOCKEY
Communication has been received
from Chief Mines Inspector Stirling
of the Province of Alberta that an inspector will shortly be sent into the
Chinook district *, for the puriiose of
ascertaining what steps are bejng taken looking to the enforcement of the'
law regarding matters referred to
a recent issue of this paper.
MICHEL  NOTES
We wish to coirect an error iu last
week's notes regarding the kiddies
Christmas Tree Fund. The -Michel
Liquor Co. donated $5.00, not . the
.Michel Light Co. The following will
clear up how the fund was disbursed:
Amount collected  $287. TO
Disbursements
Trites-Wood    $148,75
Western Grocery    78.75
Two Moving Picture Shows ..   40.00
Printing ;     1.50
Livery hire       2.00
271.00
Balance in hand      17,70
Civic Representatives
on Unemployment
Meeting called to order at 10.110 a.m.
in the Council Chamber, iCty Hall, Calgary, Thursday, Jan. II, 1915, b>
.Mayor Henry of Edmonton.   Present:
From Calgary—Mayor Costello, AU.
ltuttle, Alex. Ross, A Ibe r t.i Federation
of Labor, L. T. I-Cnglish, Alberta Federation of Labor.
For Edmonton—-Mayor Henry. Aid.
Kinney, A. Farmllo, Alberta Federation
of Labor, -Secretary English, Edmonton
Board of Commissioners.
For Lethbridge — ..Mayor Hardie,
Commissioner Cruce, C. it. .Marnocli,
Lethbridge Board of Trade, John O.
Jones, Lethbridge Trades and Labor
Council.
For Medicine Hat—Aid. Crulck-
shunk, B. W. Bellamy, Medicine Hat
Trades Council.
W. L. Phillips, District IS, V. M. W.
of A.
Mayor Henry announced that the
first thing to be considered was the
election of a permanent chairman, and
o nmotlon, Mayor Costello. of Calgary,
was elected to tlie chair.
Secretary English read the names of
those who bad been appointed by tho
various City Councils to attend as delegates and who were therefore entitled
to seats. Air. Farmilo drew attention
to the fact that there were otjiers present who were greatly Interested as
having taken part in previous meet-
$287.70
The closing of the Michel Hotel has
stopped   the  public  from  the  use of
the finest free library in the Tass.
The  mines are still  working five
days per week, but a lot of idle men
are stitl seen around camp.
COLEMAN
My working partner, an Australian
a splendid chap, a stayer to work, tells
mo that every new-comer expresses
surprise at tiie way they bave to toil
here In Queensland, but In New South
Wales, he informs me, tho men are
continually striking, and have obtained somewhat better conditions «u a
reiuit.
Taking all things into consideration,
however, 1 think we shall learn to like
the couutry, Living is cheaper here
than la Canada, iu fact food staples
cost leu than in England, although
clothing is dearer. Begs (fresh from
tbe chickens) l*c. a dot.; butter, 24c,
lb: beef steak, He. lb; mutton (chops
et that) 10c. lb. -
dive my regurda to sll the boy* In
frofUbound Canada (my wife says,
"mine, too), and also ask Mr. Bditor
to tend the Udger to Walloon I*. O..
Queensland.
Yours sincerely,
W. BALDEIWTOMC
1.
William -Balderstone, well known
alone Uie Vixm, both In union end football circles, especially in the defunct
town of Hoamer, where he held down
tho position of secretary ot the miner*'
loistl, writing trom Walloon, Queensland, under date of Nov. 27th, to ono
«r hii frlonde, nayt:
"Arrived here safe sod sound, travelling from England vis the Sues, and
talk about the "boy who stood on Uie
burning deck," he dtd not "h*ve It on
nny of us, as It was io hot that hell
now has lost iU terrors. The voyage
was   not  partloulsrly  exciting.    Of
i-eurse owing to the war scire partleu
Ur pains were taken to keep all lights
oicred to avoid detection by prowl-
!nit German battleships, tbe Bmden
being one of which especial fear was
felt might overtake us.    This ves-
mm. of usturee, Is now defunct Atter
« stem chase fcave secured ttot alu*
tlve thing called a "Jcft," therefore
considering tb* effect this world-wide
capitalist war is having, may congratulate myielf on the suceeaa Mfcleved.'    An Mu,ut|ftIt|e mMtlng of the pool
There Is the lane old story to be re- lry ,*-p* «tock fanciers was Held
iat«d a*o»t this pert of the world as Is tn the mm. mi on «,„ om,jng ot
taking   place   eisewhere-unemploy- Tuesday, Jan. 19, and an association
moat, poverty aad distress.   The hun- tormi,    Thero wew it poultrymen
gry wsge-elafe being given «wt scant pMWm,  »Th» following offlcere were
eoaaldemtlon amidst the patriotism ^m*    President. If. D, Wilson:
and war term m manifest all ov*r, vM-pmsident, Itobt. 4onea; secretary,
Of course having only been here w, n. nates; treasurer, J. C. Forbes;
for ao short a time cannot My much eiw«itke eommtttee-flwe Koesoff,
of whm tbe state of tke country Is Mm fl< mtm,,». white, D. K Phillip*,
wnW normal «»»dMm>», bnt I'll anger & ntlMley. The membewihJp fee
my last dollar that In no country under „,,,„ ftxwt at on<» dollar. An luvlta-
the aaa doaa a ««I*«»»»W tow »* *■* tion is extended to all poultry and pet
... -,* -*«»•? I,* <»v;- ■*; ♦:,, ',V A ..'   itH,m ttwie*f» ia tmmmo members of
i*» am**      Trt ***•> hire wir-, j,, M^iniin*.
m. tt. a nbttt h* bm to buttle some    T^ mu mtuog «-iii be held Tues-
•Cvpllsl •W»*;toe); no "makeup. andlA%r.. pw>r«try Ini, nt f p.m., in the
munlcatlon con tlu ut-*.
is made that Washington coal is used
at tho Vancouver General Hospital,
and also ln the heating of the Provincial build-lngs, though, lt is said, this ls
probably unwittingly, for the Cumberland people aro reluctant to believe
that the use of Washington coal has
Intentionally become so general.
Little Work Available
-The condition of the mines of Cumberland is said to.be very poor. During all of December the mines worked
but five daya. Previous to December
they were working and the men got ln
only half time. This month's work
numbers but two days. -The population of Cumberland depends altogether
upon the coal mines for existence, and
with the mines all but shut down for
lack of a market for their product, the
miners and their families are having a
difficult tltn-p meeting thpir bills, nnd
the business houses likewise, nrn facing their own particular difficulties,
If merely the war were responsible
for such u condition of affairs, the
communication says, thorn would lie
no complaint, for It wns expected and
naturally so that there would be a falling off In shipping on account of
the wnr, but when things seemed to
be at tbelr worst the local coal mines
are suddenly forced almost altogether
out of the home market by coal from
au alien country,
The council of tbe Board of Trade
will take the matter up at their next
meeting.
kbi. me  com-     Tho fernie Junior Ho«toy team will
iThe"-alrtrh(SV1^^^'*^*s^^i*^t,'^*^raS*'i
ings wh-icli led up to the present gathering, and asked that President Marnocli, of Lethbridge Board of Trade,
Ij. T. Kngllsh, representing Calgary for
the Alberta Federation of l^abor, and
W. L. Phillips, President of District IS,
U. M. W. of A., be included as members of this permanent body, and ou
motion this was concurred in.
Mr. English, of Edmonton, who hud
been acting as secretary for the form-
erTn-eeting-heid'iTrEdftionton, announc-
ed that he would be unable to continue
as permanent secretary and that It
would be necessary to appoint another
in his place.     On motion of A. Farm!-
The fiist subject for dismission was
introduced by .Major Henry a'. Edmon-
on. who took up the matVr of the •¥,*-
11 fcition of the -police court fines levied
;n lhe cities, and which went into t-h-s
coffers cf the Provincial Government.
Tins lc maintained was un-Just ani
calle! for a readjustment, because the
c-'.ties wt-ro saddled with al! the expense of maintaining the police md
Iiii cdmiiiistraiion of ihe law, and
. 'OuiiUcd the following motion dealing with the matter:
Vovid by Mayor -Henry, seconded
by Aid, Ruttle, that, a committee be
formed lor this meeting to wait unjn
the Provincial Government to request
n-drnEs tr tlie cities in respect to the
disposition of police court fines and
Hi-i'iiae-a, committee to have power to
mid to their number by including re-
prrsRutativee from smaller towns.
Carried.
The motion was supported by Chairman Costello, Aid. Ruttle, Aid. Cruick-
shnnk and 'Mayor Hardie.
Mr. Marnocli thought the motion
win somewhat foreign to the purpose
for which this meeting was held'.
On motion being put to a vote it.
carried without opposition, and Chairman Costello appointed the mayors of
the four cities represented as members
of this committee.
Mr. Farmllo brought up the question of the extent to which oil had
replaced coal as a fuel on the -C. P.
Hallway, and said he was -convinced
that it would not be a hard nutter to
Induce the railway to revert to tbe use
of coal again, if a restriction imposed
on the railway by the Dominion Commission on Conservation, which required tbe use of oil as fuel in certain suctions, was repealed.
Atter much discussion a committee
Skating Rink, Saturdey evening at
7.30, A fast game is assured, and it
Js hoped that a real live crowd will
turn out as an encouragement to these
youthful exponents of the National
Game.
Line-up—Dunlop, R. Commons, C.
Commons, Anderson, Mclnnes, MoRean
Dragon.
THE   MASQUERADE    BALL
On Monday evening (Gums' NMcht)
the grand masquerade ball under thc
auspices of the Ladies' Benevolent Society and the members of the joint
fraternal orders, will be held.
Arrangements have been made to
have costumes bn display In the Victoria Hall Sunday and .Monday afternoon, and you will be-able to select
anything from a PlantnffMiot cnp-n-plo
to the latest "hobble" atrocity. Tho
commltteo will, having regard to tbo
hard tAmm be generous In their Interpretation of a "costume" and the restrictions will he such that, provided
the fw»rson Is masked he will gain admission. '
The price ia exceedingly low for such
dances and In this tho commlttoo have
been governed by a desire to place
the event within the 'means of all.
Tickets, $1,00; «xtni Isd-y BOc.
WHAT THI I, O. D. I. Aftl DOINQ
ton  THt  IILOIANS
u you esaaot make the auoaat aped
rtiNt yen am put down as incompetent
ttne Ihtrt* 1Xi*1 *i*nt.\ «*« «* '■r,,*7.
orliasry If Um slie""bt ike drinking
bnrlttta they peek with thtm to work.
Without aay "peddling." some of
them would h«M a gallon, so new you
can -we It's no wonder that there's §
w-ef-eity of water in Australia, aa ft ts
drunk up as (aet as it comes down.
To ke sare you'll have ktard a tet
■boat tfce Aastmium aniens and bow
mroag ttoy are. tmt on that seen I
mmIn aw* tliat tbty am as strmg
a* la' mntn oat. 6»# thing they
bavea'l an "agreeawat," tot
of tWe them fa tlie award fnuwad ly
Miners' Hall,
so-1
Mf. ***•*  Mil*. ** <l
en Monday after a tiro months*
Jonrn at Sydney, NB.
Owing to the postponement of the
Lethbridge Bonspiel for one week a
namber ef local rinks who were to
boie jfwrtWipatft-il in t-r.U event, did
net leave oa Monday, la view of thle
» motement is en loot te invade Calgary wtcrt • bonspiel ia alao tn pr*
gtwas,
D. M«yattk.at tte afeffef tfc* Caaa-
diaa Ptak el Oeawssrfa. left aa Tlmre-
days eaataeaad •» Nmtw IMr town*
The card pany given by the 1. O, .0,
K. in aid of tbe Haitian fleilof was a
marked success In every way. While
a financial statement will not b» avail-
alilo until next woek, thero I* no
doubt that a very gratifying sum will
be reoilut., r* a Urge noasbcr .ti tic-
ki»t» were sold and expenies were very
light, owing to so much help n«lng
glv*w gratis. The I, O. U. K. wish to
think el) who nuitsfml 1n this way,
lnclitdln« the Fernlo Cnrtagw Co,, M^-j
Olsdrwy Bros., and Trites-Wood Co.,
. '     *   * *        • 1 ..     "        '
* 7 ' ;;.,»..*....*. M..<«,vi, **<. **«-««• *,
Vn»t -"p-ml-M-nt"' Po fnr InTrt' rr'.r- r t:iV
les nnd furniture; Mwr*, Dobson nnd]
Wlllingham for the ball at half-price: i
the Free Press for greatly reduced J
rate* tn printing: tite people wbo l-wm-l
p.*  *.,*,*,,     ■ ...»  .1    - * ■'   •*;  -_     * :*i   *^('
Mama rewmedi^^y^, |Jl# ^y g^ut, >or tony*
jlng furniture, and the ladles who donated the prises.
in lUe-bundled. "Mrs. Treherna won
the ladles' prft-f, a pair of candlesticks,
and Ur. Hall the gentleman's prise, t
seta of cards in leather case.
fn hriflte \1!m Dnnn* mj^nifll thi*
ladies' jtrltr, n fancy work bitkai,
while the gentlemen's prise, an ash
tray, w»s carried ott by Mr. Wallace,
RBSIKAH LODOI NO. M
INSTALL* OFFICiRB
At the weekly meeting of the above
lodge Thursday. Jan. Mth, the following officers were Installed for the -coming term by a staff of past noble
grands and Sister Mm. Wm. Uncus-
ter, District Deputy President:
N.<}.~ Hliler A. Dlgg*.
V.O.—Sister A. Munroe,
TKMis.--4tIstPr J. Lundle
K 8ee.-8lstc* >M. Mcleod.
It. 8cc.—Slster Price.
Warden-Sister A. Wilde.
Conductor- Sister P. Owens.
ChapUIn—ai»i«r Ferguson.
V.S.Q.' Sister A. Minton.
ItJI.X.G.- lira J,  McNIcholaa.   -.
i..H.N.(i.   Ainirs Umb
l-M-t.V.U ~-H1*i*r O w»<-
LH.VIJ- 8l«t*r l»u«key.
Mi.—tiieuir Warren.
mi.—tiro, Puckey.
orTour"~was" appointed by tbe ciiair
Tram iunong -Uie labor delegates to get
more definite information, ftboee appointed 011 conrairlttee were: A; FYmni-
lo, Wf L. Phillips and Oomml-serloner
lo, secouded by B. W. Bellamy, andjUrace       - sy
unanimously concurred lu, L. T. Kng-j    On niotiuu the meeting uten adjourn-
llsh, of Calgary, was elected to the of- ed to meet again at 2 p.m.   •.
flee of permanent secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting held in
Edmonton on December 23rd, were
read and approved.
Miner Killed at
Lethbridge Alta.
notomniottnm ol the men and Optra- j rtile, Alt*, and Other ptalrte polala to
thstrman. I tntewdl io visit during Mt vaoaf ion
Mr. A. J. Moffatt, City Clerk, reports
lli« r*tm4 ttt !■}»•• ■rl:**- ot I'm.ittf, iH-
vanced to Col. MtKny on bebtiit ot thi»
expenses inrnrtwd In moblllsstlon md
deapntrh of first contingent of troops
trom Pernie and Diet rift.
The regular meeting of Local 2*6:t;t;
was held iu tho Opera House, Sunday,
Jan. 17th, President H. Morgan In the
chair. Miuutes of previous meeting
were adopted as read and correspondence accepted, likewise auditors' report. .). Johnston was appointed dele
gate to the District Convention; Wm.
Lees appointed to the Hospital Hoard;
Wm. White appointed to Pit Committee; bills submitted to be handed
to hall trustees, aud If found correct
paid. The various officials of the
Local were accorded a voto of thanks
for their work during the term,
Horn—To''Jilr. and Mrs, Walter Nelson, Priday 15th. January, a son.
Tlie second meeting between tlio
K. P.'s and SL Alban's in a whist
tournament cume off Thursday evening In the recreation rooms attached
to tho church, when St, Alban's won
by 9 points, , Lunch was served.
While taking a walk Thursday morning last, Mr, P. Creene found a man
lying by the side of tlu- track west of
AleUIHIvray tipple, Upon examination hu Couud that the man was suffering from a serious injury to his
right leg. He was conveyed to tho
Miners' Hospital as speedily os pox-
elble, where he was attended by Dr,
Hous, who found that the twin's leg
wan iilmout noveretl. Th-p lliwb wju
amputated and everything poslsble
done to save his life, but he died the
same evening, lie was Identified as
('harks Kanopek, belonging to tbls
district* and had worked In the Mc
tJllllvray mines, As far as oan be
learned he must have fallen off the
west-bound passenger Wednesday
•evening. Tbe funiral took place on
iiundny afternoon.
Coleman Hockey Club Journeyed to
'•"rank on Thursday fv-t-nifig and mc".
llit: locals under league auspices.
CoJfinan were shy several players and
the "Sliders" put It over *--■$, Priday
1-vinii-K -Tolt-msri   hnl    IteH-evue    **t!
'win-- snd won rather mny. the scow)    OTTAWA, .Un. i:*.--*M noon today?
W!n$,' l:.' to -i In favor of CjIcjuuui,    jrtir HUm-H »*or.|.\-i, llntt, *'   I   iMVrtr
Thf   I Muff  lu«   been  a   debatable! and othi-r m«m!»*«« of the Rovornni-f-ut, ■
Hwstlaii In i'oW*«i»iin now for close on recvivi-d the sumul -Jpitg-jtton of re•;
ffVf   *t*t*r*     ■S-l-rlKW   .tt,*   9in*tt   tit*i;r,,    .,, I .,.-.**,,- ■    ,-■ t   f        *--        •    ■ "■
tbe   |*op|«  of  W»»»t   C**f»l^-w^Ti   t*vt**t"\ \.t\n l.'*\*i\r *f*,vt><-"   <'-     •■    >•   ' "
,.iiH- f.  I* m-fntion-w! Hint «  rxnl r-ictrfiOlnMo*'* odop-tml nt ibt - in "nut «nw*»-
li;i» u|K»n a hull,     lint th«! ne* Coun-lluK of tlu- t-ongrt-sn which thi* y**r*
i.l m.*.M» d<.(«rwuiii-v4 lo t«ifctf toe b«iilj«rt!» h«*iil lit Hi. John city.   Tb«* suli-
hy Uie horns and oil th* ' liluff" off.ljMi* brwushJ morr luriHilarh to Hi-**'
a iib tli** t«r»-vi"i>i* i-n-i-nr-il .tptiu-.x to  •■•->•(*' -ifl '■» •*    «,*••' «, -■ ■   ■'  ■
titfhr shf of.     Tb»"5* msdo a s?art onfal bankinc. techulc.il «-4u»-*U.,f.. nwiit-
Afternoon Session
.Meeting waB called to order at 2
p.m. by Chairman  Costello, and the
iCuiitlutiei] -tin Vnge KlabO
(Special  to  the  Ledger) iS
It Is with deep regret that I havo to
report the untimely death of one ot our
old timers under circumstances moro
than usually distressful. Joe Heuosko,
an Austrian miner, whilst on his way
bnck home from visiting his wife, who
Is nt present an inmate in the hospital,
was struck by a car ot 81 h Avenue
and l.ith Street, and almost instantaneously killed. So far as can be learned he got off the car all right at tho
terminus, hut as it Is dark there and
lie was minus an eye, it is surmised
that he must havo fallen, and belug
stunned was unable to rise in tlmo to
avoid being run over. The latent report from thn hospital ls that IiIh wife
Is tn i\ v< tt\ j.p
it Is lanii-slly to be hnpf-d lhal "In
construction of the new poBt office,
custom* house aud union railway hI.-i-
tlon were proceeded with.
Dealing with technical education, Mr,
Simpson asserted that tho youth* of
Cunuilu would have to be propyl/)
trained If Canadian manufacturers nn*
to secure any real nharo In the world's
business, lost by Corniany aa cons*--
queiice of the war. Many old countrymen with technical training bad goto*
to tlio war, ami tlie men of this -oountry would have to take their place*
He ursred that the report of the royal
commission on technics] education in*
acted upon.
The ckl-uitftioit of Uie fair wage da«iMt>
t to  other  thnn   government   fwilldlfii?
-,.iti^; iwud.Uoij, hii:.contra(.!H wa„ mv,m\ jjy j. T. Poster, of
Is .uruestly to be hoped thai  she- Slmtrx4>ll     „e roilteu,B,4 thllt twy
may rwover *o a* in l(u»k  jiftor ibe'
, low «uk'-h are bnitiK paid on cnrtsln
unfortunate little ones, of whlrh there) mU„ta contraclBi moro p„rticularly In
ara four. sosnddMily deprived or their jlhc, work whm shrapnel Is beln«
r"u,pr- j manufactured.
DncciiHi'il wn* shout ;'.<• yenrs of age.j j, -p. Watti-r.s jtnmident of the l*nor
:iiul up tu hiM dealh In the employ of j fongress, speal-ins on', immigration,
tlu- Unit Colliery at N'o. :j, ! nr«w|  thut  coitdiiioa* of entry  into
■" *■*"' 'Canada b»» in«i'tc m«re s'rint^nt    IN-
LABOR OELBOATION AT i-tkt-l tlmt i-t-n•;•..-« be liicnmwd for
OTTAWA SiEft PREMIER; "stcr'1iri-»--ntattf.:i   i-ih  to  t;ib-:»r xmnil
litiiiit tit raimdii.
Banking,   Unemployment,   Education,
P*ntlon* and Wij«t Oi$<u*std
With Ministers
i
A system cf Mujicrannuation for l«-J
t« r  %:,*.-,•;'■. ;'»   '.,...   ..,"«,..4   U>   Ah »-*0«I"b(
M-V^rd'-v. A Toru:;!.;, »!s;j AnUi U:.
ji hall hnJWiy (or h-ttt*r carriers
Oli-u r*)-«o)iiMoit nrar-d th»' aio{itl#ir> t:>
It',,*  1 ':-h<   tt-iisr- *   .'•iv   hill   *.;i.   « ,vt ;..
mint worl.--'
H5r ||«Vr: ltuf-»»'a snd lib uiintater*
*,.* ,  tft   ',*■ ,..«'*!*, 1. ti'MntU* itt ,* *,*IH
•Ji.-.i   ,*t„,:\ a.., 1-,.  y,i*
ff',*r «»f *ht* wyit rn-.mf-r..t
*l rilr-lh    9*1-1* H
Wermm yonr t*e*-»t ttr th# Miw««-
oto bell em Vrm^tf, .Un   *ltb.   '* <v
era) valuable, prise* will he given ior
tha bet* representative eostumts.
Geo.   F.   Ht-svenson,   formerly   -of
Pcrttl-.'. iva* with '.bv CrattbiooW Jo\»-
bars Company, is mentioned ss a like-
ly tMUtlUUUt f».f tite *»V.i*»mi litre** in
tbe Coaaervativa Interest.
"tbo noestlon of a t« election for the
City of famte la still wdertdeC and
In tie* ot tit* ttet that tbe laeMent
f". wtttiu'U yut^JtuL. CiwUunr *tUos« *>•
tmftoitOmm* epop 1 nei 1 ■-^•wne tnun ttm
sothorttles at Victoria.
tt a wr*k apo, and hive bad as many ploym-fiit, o-d ss** l'i uniou* .«.<! th»-
i«-t IK men working on It. There has fair ««»,.<' rl.nu**- in jiov«.-rorn.*-iit toa-
buxx  now-:  t;»lh  of approaching  theilnc-U.
Si;:, Officials A!!et.ujB,u,
F, of l Convenlion
(;ot*fr»ra««nt to sipply some of the
tlnanri.il oil necessary to k«**p the ma-
•:':.{':,*'S/ i^:,;,i\,)t, njuouiiil*, .oui II ii»;
boptd that tbey will com«< thrwuH,
^4 ii A.l, i,t*n, rr-Orie ttn<< «l lhe dis-
tress prevalent in the to*n sad for-
n'th n mmb m-*l**4 r«>4 r-wid 10,
Wett Coleawn.
Work is mm h tbe «»m« around bet*
*» tout »#*b. Mr<*HI)vny Jlln-f*
tttttkte *nr*e ttnyn lent *r**b, and Mo
4 Seam of the Int*rwstle»al Mines two
da j a.
Ifx-ColitrolU'.-r Jatn< * tJiiuj-*t»ii. «l Toronto, »*j»-»hi»»8 of the Hrit-mptovment
*.'. liXSi^li,    Uittiht    ll.--    »mlUii    .'.'*-
Vu 1 l'r«*ident Wm. <;r*h**m awl
il*** rt-ttrV'Tn■*i«»}»-**f x T Carter, '■ "'
on "Itiursiiay wonUr>K'ii westbound for
1 h,
t*„*
'.V.I.J..
atuiitt   ;r,n.two  *C;in*il!^n-<   uri   mil   "f - v»F,,,if»*
wmM nt ■":-•- pii-wtt' i'.«i., ..nd  **lii;fJDJ»iri«.t J a. l.'.Jl.U. »( A., at the ferth.
the primary r-mponniblllty reals witn !«:-oinlr,g ronrentleti «f:th» II, I* V*4*tn*
lh* pnt*,m/in* t;*ixi-rt,m:itt*. ib* f*o-M-|tioa tn* I^bor. whirh atll b* held 'n
In ion K'tyemm-t v.: *bm'A *»*".»'. In, b«t Uh* nt**t**m*mk'm*fO men on tl-w iMb
letUm condlikm*     11* tm*i**t*a «k»»|^r the eirrt-nt totmtb.
tbe aoternment might ro-oit*mit> with f -
p»ana for land fli-aring and road mak-!    Voi aw tblaas vow don't ilk.   ae-
tag lo rive emtilovmenr.     In Toronto|   .■..*.*   1 -1 dci't t:,. to «ri the thingt,
tUe ultuaUou would In rtl.tM-4 M tbeiiiet yoa do like.
ii
1A
•>»  .-afaBteJ.*l>l ■*fM**Z32%3&p*&
*   <t-
PAGE TV?0
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIi, B.C., JANUARY 23, 1915.
laigjjaigjgigigj^gjgi^
, INTERNATIONAL DISARMAMENT,
By Arturo Labriola
(Arturo Labriola is a member of the
Italian Parliament and Professor of
Popular Science hi the University of
Naples. -He won fame as an interpreter of the Philosophy of Syndicalism and is considered one of the -most
brilliant writers on politics in Italy. In
the January Forum he says the world
must disarm or revert to barbarism,)
The newspapers have recently reprinted what purports to* be the
prophecy of General Nogi concerning
the probable effects of a great Buro-
■licai! war,, spoken at the time of the
siege of Port .Arthur. The Japanese
sstate-sman and military strategist is
quoted as saying: "This war will be
tlie last in Kurope • for- many a day,
■perhaps forever," and'tliat-a -probable
result of such a conflagration would
be a general disarmament.
Instinctively public opinion in Europe lias felt something similar,
vaguely hoping that the great continental conflict would mark the*.beginning of a new era. Even In-the darkest hour of life hope is likely -to -be
mocked',.but at least it forces upon us
the recognition tliat this cj-clopean
clash of races cannot be brought to a
close without leaving the world the
task of eliminating cause for- the
repetition of such a tragedy.
Hut we need not imagine that such
a propitious-event can be brought into
reality merely through disgust -and
horror at all the catastrop'iiw that
have, been .heaped up -by the war.
I-Voiti this moment, it will be necessary to create a conscience in accord
with the results for which .we are
Hoping. Our minds must prepare to
sterilize.,-those conditions which might
hi ing about the same crisis again, and
we must aim to spread a general desire for disarmament. >....
The -present war—I have made myself hoarse repeating this—is the outcome less of the essential and inherent
differences between races, or of th-^
nccumulatloiv of differences in the opposing fields, than of -Uie inevitable
logic of persistent and intense armament, which through the military
taste has effected the popularization
of its own intransigent logic and its
own particular psychology. The responsibility for this war, which is ko
great and tempestuous, Is no longer
placed at the door of a society which
when a union of the. majority of the
European states is in favor of the
principle of international armament,
Germany must halt before the danger
of a general coalition.
This will bear the most conspicuous
fruit In its influence upon the democratic future or the world. The internal contradiction that splits the
German world is the development of
the democratic organization of Lhe
working class, an organization that
has been steadily and increasingly
weakened by the military and autocratic Constitution of the government.
The force that is opposed to the full
•expression of working class organization—the most significant element in
the game of democratic politics—is
the iron mechanism of the German
army, which is under the exclusive
direction of the Kaiser and the aristocratic aud financial oligarchy which
surrounds him.
instance is precisely our system of
armed peace, that does not consider
■the independent development and
growtluof armaments in a single eoiiii
try a menace to peace.
Therefore it is necessary to unctfir**.
take a long campaign against.the system of- armed- peace and independent;
armament. It will be necessary at the
time of the oonvention of plenipotentiaries appointed to enact treaties to
consider the opinion of neutrals and
of minor nations already confirmed in
this principle: that the matter of
armament is of equal importance to
all nations and therefore a matter not
to be decided by any- single state in its
presumption of sovereignity. -It Is necessary at least among democratic
countries that the opinion should prevail that it is a common menace that
any one state should refuse to be subjected to -the principle of InternntScn-
ality in the matter of armament.
;    Captains of industry   have   always
To break and to weaken the mon-: 1)een    tjle   enemies   of   accumulated
strous structure of the German army
to limit its numbers and Its efficiency,
is only another way to aid the development of German industrial democracy,
the character of which is now crushed
and comprised by the army and the
power exercised by the oligarchy of
bankers and aristocrats under the
direction of the Kaiser.
The first step to be taken in this direction is to focus pulbllc attention
upon the real causes of the catastrophe,   The historian who traces causes
armament, judging lt dangerous not
only to prosperity 'but to the freedom
ol' every country. It has always
seemed more difficult to associate
great armies with the defense of the
dem-ocratic principle. When the dangers of Socialism first appeared, theee
captains of industry submitted. But
their calculations were wrong. Socialism is along the normal line of
industrial Evolution of each nation,
and is hastened by reckless financial
politics.    Great armies have led these
and by judging facts searches for an- j countries straight into war, Into dev-
tecedents is enabled to discover the
contradictory nature of capitalism, of
race conflict, and so forth. Yet a long
conflict of races does not necessarily
explode In war. Capitalism is a contradictory system, but it cannot always
lead to conflicts between one country
and another. On the contrary, it generaly exha-usts itself in the class conflict. When out of capitalism and the
antithetical tendency of races war does
break out, there is a disturbing factor
in the two causes, which in the present
aslation. into famine. How many
capitalists at the present moment
would not have preferred to double
the wages of their employes as an
alternative to facing the irreparable
disaster of this war? However, lamentations are of no avail. The only
thing to do now is to safeguard the
future. If this terrifying lesson proves
sufficient it will teach the world the
necessity of proletarian democracy
and ' of international disarmament.
If It does not   .   .   .   barbarism.
that other workers,* somehow, , are
treated better; they get into touch
With the labor organizers; they form
a union and -begin to oe "turbulent,"
wMeh is to say they begin to see and
understand and want /better treatment
and conditions.   .-,
It becomes necessary to be rid of
them. Disturbances are fostered, a
fight develops. . -between employers
and employes. The employer right-
eously sets himself up as the protector ofthe rights of labor; the right of
men to keep out ef the union if they
like. IThere is a refusal to recognize
the union; efforts -to drive the union
out of camp. Armed guards are imported and in N due course the objectionable laborers, who have got too intelligent to be easily manageable, ara
driven out, and a new horde, fresh
from Eastern Europe or Western Asia,
are shipped in to take their places,
Pretty nearly always it is the; armed
guard, the private array, that does
the dirty work at the critical point. U
was ao at Houghton; it was so in the
earlier Colorado and Utah wars; it
is so iu the present Colorado war <f
thc best authenticated reports may be'
believed. The private army is the
institution that should be abolished.
There is quite enough of feudalism's
flavor In this country now, without
the deliberate organization of mercenaries to suppress whole communities,
to obscure and- becloud issues, to make
private wars where warfare Herves the
purpose of private interests.
All tho wa>;,..fron> Homestead, in
1SJI2, down tb Colorado todny, It has
been the same story. It was reported
from West Virginia last year, and was
one of the most disgraceful chapters
in the labor history of tlie country. It
has beeu read In the accounts of Pennsylvania's mining warfares. It was
the whole basic story of the horrors
ot Zeigler, 111,, a few years ago. It
was the cmx of the Western Federation of Miners' struggle; probe almost
every one of the disgraceful outbursts
of capital-labor violence, and the Hessian guard will be found.
If the business of organizing, hiring
and usin-i; armed forces were made
treason there would very presently become a day in which such horrora as
Colorado presents today would be unknown.—Washington (D. C.I Times.
SAFE'ELECTRICITY IN  MINES
At the last meeting of the Yorkshire
branch of the Association bf -Mining
Electrical- Engineers, Mr. T, J. Nelson cited.the dangers attending "the use
of electricity in mines as 'being:   (!)
Afecid-eiits from electric shock; (2) accidents from electric ignition of firedamp; (3);aocidents from electrically
caused  fires?   ^ In - order -to prevent
these accidents, the electrical engineer
"must give careful  and  constant  attention to the. following: (a) provide
reliable connection  to earth for all
outer metallic covers of apparatus; (b)
cover all necessaary live parts with
good quality Insulating material, and
provide good protection against mechanical damage;   (c)  use apparatus
that has been designed to prevent open
sparking; (d) avoid the use of inflam--
mable material near electrical apparatus.     The Home .Office rules regulating the use of electricity in mines were
in every way admirable and necessary.
They  were  framed  with the  object
of securing  personal  safety   to   the
workers in the mines, and of course
the  stipulations   control  to   a  large
extent the work of the electrical manufacturer and .contractor-;   ibut   there
were important properties of eleotrical
colliery plant not Influenced thereby,
or,   at   all   events, only indirectly—
Science and Art of Mining.
Local Union Djireatopyj Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
A Modern Fantine
THE FOOD PROBLEM
IN GERMANY
By Otto M'F«ely
TsTba&ed upon IbS^lnwsitlo'ffoTcIaBgBS'
aud of nations. More particularly we
(-uu blame the system of "armed
pence," which while raising iu voice
ln si protest for peace has co-unten-
niii-ed the frtlixied and mciiKtraua
HbcmnutaUon of arms. At a certain
point the war machine becomes its
own master, At a certain point, it
must act autonomously. Who can
dotKbt that war must have occurred
■some time?
In, Ci'.s truth lies the Justification
lot- the violent, antipathy that is now
mo troublesoiaely surrounding the
Fatherland.* If we were to take an in-
teruationa vote today among the neutral and belligerent nations, flit- re-
suit of It would be crimhlng for Germany, Kven thone people who for
ivtm*ii» of material milu should look
tor German victory would express
their iivemion to her: nnd thin not so
much because of the way In which the
war was provoked or because of the
violation of Iteluliiii neutralll), but
ruther becaiiH-s of the widespread sen-
time-lit that the system of "armed
pt-uco" is the fttttiw of tlm gigantic
-raged)-. Arnttst! peace I* not a the-j.y.
but « real fact Imposed on all Kurope
l-\ (ipwutay nud therefor* the fun-l:-.-
mtniUI reason of thin terrible crisis.
Kven Ru»»la, which ha* been ho do-
crlwl by liberal opinion, han acted
benevolently, In view of the fact tbat
s-itwd pw(i ban been fosterod by *%■
ample and through four of Germany.
Willi thp exception of Austria, tier
main i« practically without ■ friend.
Public opinion haw already been con
Thc~irtin™beai~-*UCTwn—ifee^^-irpon^a-
dingy tenement house of the type
which distinguishes certain parts of
Chicago. A woman came down the
rickety stairs and entered the hot,
smutty thoroughfare.
Three soiled children, the oldest
under 8, followed her downstairs and
stood looking nfter the woman us she
went down the street. She was their
mother.
The woman was on'a hopeful mission. She had heard great news, She
had -picked*up In the street a card.
Upon this card was one sentence: The
Mothers' Pension Law. An explanation by Henry Nell, father of the law,
snid that child-poverty could be abolished by this system.
With the card In hand, she hurried
on. She >vfl« Ti years old and the
mother of five. Mile after mile ahe
walked, and at last she turned into
jui old-foshloned dwelling bouse. It
won the northwest side headquarters
of the United Charities of Chicago,
Sho came to aak aliout the Mothers'
IVnslou Law which would abolish
child poverty.
Tbe mother showed Uie card to a
trim young woman nt a nest desk and
tben utmwered inuny questions, tho
young woman writing It nil down in
nhortbnnrt. This report may still be
read In the files of tho Chicago Associated Charities, under the head of
"The Case of Mrs, Ustlck." It is realism ihst rivals the fiction of "Us
Miserable*.'
-Besides    keeping    boarders,    Mrs.
Uatlck continued to wash in the base-
meat—ef—tbe—Crane—Kurfeery-i Her-
boarders washed dishes ten or twelve
hours a day In a cheap restaurant
Both mothers' 'W.ere away -washing
clothing and dishes, uR'-uuual (having,
locked their' children In the bare-one-
rocm boarding house). One of the
children, an infant, pulled the rubber
tube off the cheap gas plate that
served us cooker and heater. (las
filled the room.
-When the mothers returned they
found three children dead.
The other three were revived by
the -pulmotor.
The funeral ccist the charity society
$25, according to its careful reports,
and then they shipped Mrs." Cstlck
nnd her two living children to St.
Louis, because so many people begun
asking: "Why didn't this woman get
a pension?"
She was paid but $4.00 a week, her
older children being kept In first one
place and then another. More than
sixteen charity experts were employed on her case, two courts were
concerned. eighty-two Individuals
studied her plight, eleven physicians
lit four hospitals joined in Ute uplift,
and 1.10 phone calls, letters and conferences are noted ln the remarkable
charity records,
This was kept up tor two years snd
In nil tbat time lhe charity society
miv-n the mother $276 and by advertising her plight begged money for
their salaries.
An estimate of the cost of the ex-
SOCIALISTS FOR PEACE
•When Karl Liebknecht, the German
Socialist leader in the Reichstag, urges
British and French workmen to organize a movement to end the war, it
may be said, that -European Socialism
of the international or United-States-
of-Europe school seems to be coming
to life again.. Before the war Is over
the hypnotic effect produced by years
of hammering-home of the single idea
of force and fear will a good deal have
been worn off and German workers
will realize that it was their theories,
after alii and..not the Prussian junkers' that aro sifce and right This war
already shotf6"slgns of producing a
much needed Awakening among the
men who,are Called on to support Insolent militarism in time of peace, and
to surrender their lives In time of war.
even though the war Is, as the German
crown prince described it, "utterly
senseless."
(From -Topeka Capital, owned by
Arthur Capper, Republican Governor
of Kansas,)
Since the embargo on all imports
into Germany has become effective,
many estimates of her resources botli
by her own authorities and by others
have been published, in which considerable differences of opinion have been
expressed. A careful and comprehensive survey of the subject Is made
hy a writer in the fourth war Issue of
the Scientific American of December
r>, and his conclusion is that Germany
has sufficient food to last for at least
a year. A portion of his remarks
which are of exceeding Interest, are
as follows:
Germany's extraordinary Isolation
Sn both the military and commecrlal
relations ot the empire has been fully
noted in the daily press; and much
has been made of the fact that she
usually Imports about a third of the
wheat she uses, and all of certall textile materials, such as raw cotton and
Kill:. It has been confidently predicted
that the war will result In the ruination of her foreign trade and the utter
prostration ot her Industries; while it
seem* to be assumed,* without much
evidence of any- careful study ot -the
situation, that in the matter of. food
supplies particularly, the war will
quickly lead to scanty tare, if uot to
widespread   hardships,   from   actual
GLADSTONE LOCAL
;;No. 2W4 ; ;
Mjet first .-*.nid third Frtdajfe,,
Mirers' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays. Club Hall, Coal
Cr.eek. Sick. Benefit attached.—T.
(jphril, Sec. Fprnip. K C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet   every   Sunday   afternoon'
at   3* o'clock   in   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
R, Beard, secretary.
* -  .	
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit- Society attach
ed.—Michael   Warren,  Poo,,  Can
nore, Alta. t \
HILLCREST LOCAL
No: 1058
Meet second, and fourth Sunday
In tr.ontli.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
M°et every'alternate Sunday at
2.30 li.m. In the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Mitchell, Kee, Box
105, Qolemari.
COLEMAN. LOCAL
.. No..2633       ...     ' .   -.
Meet every alternate Sunday at.
2.30   p.m.   tn   the   Opera - House.
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL        \..
j4      no. ,2352   '    ,. -•;•;•
•   Me« every second- and fourth  ■
Sunday of eacl)' month at 2 p.m.   ,
in Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—ThoB. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, ^Ha.
BURMIS LOCAL
No, 940 '
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10' a.m.
in School House."BurmlB. No Slek,
Society.—Thos.  G. - Harries.' SecC
Tassburg. Alta,
It isn't so jpueh that "human nature must grow better before we can
have Socialism" as It is'that human
nature ls already too decent to tolerate capitalism much longer.
lack of food-.
(But this notion, while it has something to support.it, falls to grasp the
tact that Germany can support herself
op her home resources for fully a year,
and tliat thTs'capa'clty for self-support
lu the face of a universal embargo bas
u very high military value. It Is probably true that long before next August, if the var were io last as long as
that, the people of Germsny would be
put to many shifts from their usual
inj.de of living. They might, for Instance, have to learn to eat a greater
part ef their annual production of some
two million bushels of potatoes which
are now mostly used'In the production
of industrial alcohol. In the absence
of imports of raw cotton, they would
undoubtedly have to economise on
stocking*, underwear and shirts.—N.
Y. Call.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tueuday evening at
7 o'clock In tho Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benotlt Fund
attached,—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
!-»l.. Uankiicad: Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL '
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
MAPLE LEAF LOpAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 turn. In
Union HaU, Maple Leaf. No Sl^
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec.
Passhurg. Alta.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—U Moore. Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
• No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2,30 p.m.
In the Socialist . Hail. — Jamea
Burke,   Sec,   Box   II, • Bellevue, •
Alta. •   '. "'
CORBIN LOCAL
' No. 2877
Meet every, second Sunday at 3
o'clock in the Club Ball. Sick
Benefit Society . atta-phed.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
x
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. §026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2,30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.-—
Max Hutter, Sec. >
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1S.M
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall. Sick and
-Benefit. Society attached.—B
.Morgan. Secretary.
iSHSBSBSBSBSt
(
=As
The Mine Foreman
And First Aid
My Will Mclntyre, Jr.
"There's nae luck about the bouse
when our guld toon's away," Is an
   old Scotch saying thtt Implies that
It says that Mr». I'stlek, on July :>,j pert   advice, talk  nnd  conversation, things go  wrong when the natural
lull, reported tlwt »li-w *u<i iter «ve-li^iactbua aod iS*lu 1* I5.0WI. . i^der is not ou tbe tyh,
vliice,! that the actual war Is a result! children were starving and tnnt herj One of the physicians said, brutally: gometlmei I think that tbe mine
of lliu »y»lwn oi armed p**«e and ul husband wa* in the insane asylum. j'Tbl* woman needs toed snd li nerv- f0W|,an u not always on his Job
Hie iwrnutnwit alliance, both in^iosed     "What   about  this   mothers'   imsii-j «*«*  because of the uncertainty In  when I read the sad stories of numer
ous mine disaster*. I do not mean to
Imply thai the mine foremen intention-
nlly neglects bla duty, but, that he Is
sometimes compelled to neglect a portion of bis specific work, to give tlm*
«m the world..by tlermany.   Rieryone slwif* sskfd the woman in deiperi-j which she Uvea.
r#m«nbers that tlermany has iwkeition. j   0f,en »he a,k«^ a^ut the |»n*lou,
frustrated niUwipt* lo paw from the     "We  shall look Into your e<u><.," w«t the charity experts told her that
*y*t«*ro of armed pcm-« to the system said the cool young woman, and the there was some delay, although thtlr
«f International armament;    in 1900, mother left empty-handed. j°*» record* show they had prevented
when tht» Cmir called n tmilnrenee at*   H«*r home was Inspected und row-Hi'1** 'rom getting n pension. «he waa'to duties that should be performed by
The Hague, and lu im, when   the Ito be instnltary, unfit tor habitation, I *HglW« und might have been MtoNNtjatharii.    The duties of a mine fore-
Kngilnh lilberel» wnit to the govern- and a menace to the live* of the five]0' "uncerfnlnty." 1 man, briefly stated, are to produce a
uifiit and tbrttiigb Hit  lltnry  Canu*-]children.   Oth*r expert* w*r# «*«* »*)   rn lnM h*'r uueailons, the charily; maximum amount of eosl at Imst cost
belMtonnerman proposed the limiu- verify the report, tha poor flat build- manager finally gave htr 11.50 end j consistent with gmtMt safety to hu-
iter, tf r.4V*J itmnrntn'**'. I'uMi* -h>*«-•*'"»* ,>*,«,f visft-wl by profwwlonal and!*«'<l her It wss the pension, nni that nwm life.     If he faithfully performs
bm Throughout Kurop* h*« net b«*f»ui -mlnBteor rharltr worker* to welt an| «•« bit she tot tmt of tha law.-*?*, Y.jtMg doty he Is necessarily a lmaj waa,
.-.bl«. to trw itself from the Idea that | extent  that th« neighbor*    thought jWH- and he has no time io train flrat-ald
corps, or to supervise thtlr training.
HU l\m> should he devotad to making
■t AIOLI0HIO; nt far as possible the work of tlwt-
ald «en»* nnne-c-tfuafi.    In eiprosatng
if tittrmauy had seewpted the prlnel. 4lr». Uttfek had become rich. j -   -—~  ™-
).;.'   nf   'nterontlnnM amuim-Mlf*.    wet    lint  tbt dwtHwt* mother and  her THi PRIVATE ARMY SHOULD
shwiid n«v««r have been hnriH Into j children m-etved no aid for five days. >.
!h*» present ctastnif** J Then the general atatl ot the charity \
Imperial Bank of Canada
HfcAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up. $7,000,000     ■ Umrto Fund ... .$7,000,000
PILM HOWLAND, It*, Pmldtnt   ILIAt ROQIRt, Esq. Vlee-Pres.
BRANCH!* (N ■RITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhtad, Athilmtr, Chntt, Cranbrook, Ptrnlt, Oolden, Invtrmtrt, '
Natal, Nelton, Rtvtlttok-a, Vancouvtr, Victoria.
SAVINGS OtPARTMINT
lattroat allowed en deposits at current rate from data of depttit.
flENIl BRANCH A. * OWWf Man^tr
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAJtNSTALLlD
ti,.,,     %   *»t* »-*-,#  •***,. *    Tt*t* -ii-Hrs-fe men- ** tm«*Hv mi-Am. tht. t***it*tt*t* t tin ent wt-nt tt* be iwl*
...„,  ,.-,.,     * ," ""^ -^V'tv- n*.,jti,n^f.tx *,» m*,* -met*** «« d*j*hw««h<*r ertean and ottertf owt of t»la«* In tb* nndentwMl     AreMeMa fn rami mining -j rwgnlarly -salaried employe.   Themlitei
I'tw-im   tt* t\*tf*X I* this *yit*tu   ofllnnrtiesji Madison stt**** nHrtaunint.»«*entirth century.    There ta no .*«». will happen renardHwa of the fanHfo-roman, whether Ma mine ta raaeows*
irmt't pm**     liut   it   l»  enp*etally*!loni« of the Children were taken to Mmate need for maintaining It.    ,lf man's care, and Rrtt-nld torm ntwlor not.hr* all the responsibility n man
among nt-utrai nations that we mtn. tostlinttant. I "»*"r '" ("»«"•!* hmtxtm tbe pmt*. Ui«, i,,r.-*mi losOHutlont tbnl **te**Me ml- Ulhonlid bote, U he dote hit nM« inly
a\*p't*'t tb* <im*l«tlim »H«tt the war|   finally  the mother  had  to stop >»unty auihorltltM may ,tp»M*l to tl« taring and often prevent death.  Their j as a forsman—The Tolilery Bngloter
roremen ha.d first-aid Instruction, mny
be -capable of Imparting thtlr know,
ledge of the work, but, It they do thtlr
duty aa foremen thty lack the tlmo.
The bett training for a first-aid corps
naturally Implies Instruetkm In pro-
imly giving primary wtMU-u-HMt to lu-,
Jnred or otherwise incapacitated men. 1
This Instruction l» Imparted best by n |
•luallfled physician and surgeon.
Therefore, such a man should be tht
teacher, Tbt nan In charge of the
corps, at leader, or director should he
some official other tht i the mint fort-
The superintendent or any Intelligent
subordinate, even a representative of
the clerical force, if he has tht qualifications of a leader, thould have general charge of ftral-ald work.  All flrtt.    	
Z^mE£ZX*E.\ ^^ TW» ""^ Mo,t««*' tai»'",e« w""
tml workera on th* corps, and ht
should be the boas when the con* It
In action. Bnt tbt arrangement* for
drills, the procuring of suppllaa, thtlr
rustody, and numerous other details
nbooW he In the hands of a mayoa-
•IWe ina* who tt net ne eWe-fal t« h
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LOOOSYOUR
OffOthtfTihublesinoatofthtMboxM
bttt
m.,. ■*•■,<, ri.ti-Mt-nt--*     W*'** ara* *t*t* **** th* «i*'e. if tmnbl* tt* ^r*
nnmVail'b*l)i«r»«t '»*»»*«"uhmI-*! ' te«l lo a beapilnl   As toon sn thtfofm the taek.  la   aimtred the hflp couroged at erefy coal ttrtn*, hot tht
ihf »>st-etn *tt International sraramenu! aaa on her tmt attain *V wna given 5of the federal government mtm foreman thoald not he etpereed
which Implies th* principle that the! what the fharil> esperte refer to as Il»i that Is not the couwe commonly to train thtm or supervise thtlr tt»Hh
«tr»mrih of rwlpmcal armament Hsu wnlLrtnw trwitJuent- ah* waa per- tnken In big Isbor disputes. A great log. In the flrat place ftw rnlue fore
matu-r tor Htt*rw»tlei«l agreement an*ml!t*d to do laundry worir In the Mnptoyfng concern nils Wa plants or **■« are capahln ot giving Hrst-sW
n^tmtfen ss mmk ament trail na-lnaty timm tiny mrnmy, tbmmeoi mlnen with row immigrants, toe Ignor- «ort»s even tb* most eteawntary in.
Thta:;by the milliotintre Crane lawny ,*"< «<"4 «'><«»■•■,■, u> \»>-il-«ii »j*,t,.«» ^,,u,r,,,*.,     ',,, «,«,<-   tv*    im*t«n**t«>»l"dWhltng a*^."
<»n '    \t ib** end nf tvn y*s-A -we find Its think of organising.     Tbey ar* foremen who, previea* to hecemfn« (i»et to lew?
not m> Midwil *m imriW --mt nnflni-'klra rmMt In a nn*el »tnlUMi.   *n*»n«otaiea. kept »n tmmOnt* io  rem\mm  mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm^^
*ral »tt**m*ot, hut wught   to  trtag]«M wnnnglni a «*«<• h«nnllng|ai«ron.- ani gMided tiainst pootw-
ahMi n  nhnn of all   RmnniW   *nd   tmomttm   "»«»««•«. ^Mty tt falling trntm tb* mmtt* m    j*W #fp   ^
w**t*. Xvmnl and mltm mOhm ta»" tbm bn*. I* fun*, bmm "rofca-flto walking dekgat*. Tlm* p«ue«.< J%MwWMmmMB
**li «ena«aly hate th» ***** mm nt hilkatod" H. the .ui«U «f the school an«l thc Atniirlcnn girtrt: resAes ihem; p IMmim
rt.wpiswrtarti^attan   ,%nd|«f RMhMhwpr-t l""* *•** *** «*«**• ***» *tm***i %J?nUnm%tmoSmt
■Hens aa *ttt»ttc wew-lier one*.
*"** *,«»jr t** ahnrt aa 11 mm h.
Throe hundred homeless workers
who were tnrae-d namy Irom the Xew
Tort municipal lodging booae, with
no possessions to thtlr names but Uie
rags on thtlr hnrhs. nro afraid ot Socialism h-MWMt they UHnh R mttnt
Woa4t(  tiXM i'.tr, t.*-
_ PORftmtWHlQffQRIfATWIf AfTtTTO.
P ■ W fowlif# Wfifin.g^f        f^fwtt? Wttnnc'H
■ I the   n n »mi864
Home Bank Canada
i*W VOMRfO
tttiangt that tfeoun wiw profit hy
w*r -smn v meMn ntm umnn wms fwaww
hy laduttrv doat worit. and thont win
prom hy govtraani tool bbm ••
TWrn ain -mmm- kmmlft^g of ■mm&*n*m*t»l mtui m*-*»«>«4>
» -■^'Wt mr ^a^ ^m a^mi^^^^j   afwaa^^wmmr^ ^r^m^  ^w-w    w^^^v--v--^h^^v-^v^'^v    w w mtnommm m^-m^m^mr^mmvmm
jAjMfrttjmut   gnM |yyi   njnRmM XAlAAM'  AmmLu   La  mlmnmrnimm gi«||*agMA
m^mj^**^m^mi ^^p  mmm^m_ mmi^^^^mw        w ^^--^w  ^^*^^^mmo   *^m mm^mnt^m mwmt^mmj^^/ttt
fyi
te
4. F. MACDONALD, MtM|if
wtVTtmm KtWa, *t* *** WWtmM  M. O s
THE DISTRICT LKDGEB, FERNIE, B.C., JANUARY 23, 1915.
PAGE THREE
/ ■ t
/I
. Rev. John Davidson, of
Thurso, Que., • writes:■—"I
have had considerable trouble with nay throat, caused
by public speaking lii heated
buildings and exposure" to
damp and chilly atmosphere.
I find PEPs very effective
in soothing the throat.",.
Rev. Edward G. Heaven,
Markaville, Ont., writes:—
"I have used PEPs and find
they give considerable relief
to the throat. 1 have also
found them very Beneficial
for colds,"
PEPtt is the direct treatment for -Coughs, Colds,
Bronchitis, Asthma, Hoarseness, Larnygitis, and other
ailments of the throat, chest,
and lungs, As PEPs dissolve
onthetongu .healingvapors
are liberated which are
breathed down direct to the
sore places. Liquid cough
mixtures, etc., cannot be
inhaled, they- go to the
stomach not the lungs. PEPs
get to the seat of the trouble
direct.
PEPs are sold only In tin
boxes. All druggists and
stores 50c. box, 3 boxes $ 1.25.
Due To
Rule The World
Voters May as Well Mount Bandwagon
Eugene V. Debs Tells Audience
Views of Eugene Debs
TRIAL
Send this article, name of
paper, and lc. stamp for post-
ev,e to PEPs Co., Toronto,
Winnipeg, or Montreal, and
wc will send free package.
"Working men have always been in
slavery or some form of servitude."
"Feudalism wes overthrown and out
of it came capitalism; now the world
trembles on the brink of another or-"
ganlc change."
'The tools and production have been
socialized, but ownership is still in-'
dividual, and Rockefeller is entirely
satisfied with this condition of arrested development."
"Concentration and combination, based on co-operation, are the great forces
in the world today."
"Com-peMtion represents nothing constructive, but is destructive; c'ompeti-'of them wew put in power and coujd
tion is war, and capitalists know lt."
"No capitalist ever appealed to you
an income of $5,000,000 a month. He
produces nothing and is wholly useless
in the industrial activity of the country. The workers produce everything
and get nothing. In other words, you
get what he produces and he gets
what you produce, and he thinks that
is perfectly good exchange. If you
object you are accused of preaching
fre-e love."
Air. Debs sketched the industrial development of the world and declared
that the workers, always in a majority,
have been ruled by those who did not
work, -tlways a minority, and who
systematically at times in the past
suppressed information and kept them
in ignorance. 'He chided the three
principal political parties in the United
States and declared that if all three
8TORIE8 OF AN AGITATOR
By  Ralph  Korngold
The Making of an I. W. W.
to think for yourself."
"Why are you a democrat? Because
your grandfather was? Why everything has changed since that except
his grandspn—nothing is done as he
did it, except voting."
Thera lt always
aess ceadolldation.
"con" in a busi-
It's a wise working, man that knows
his mai oppressor.
Why is it patriotic to.preach race
conflict amd -criminal to explain class
confflHstt
If war in hell -what do you call those
who run it?
The trouble with the working mule
Is thet ke dpesn't kick often aad hard
enough.
A $5 fine was imposed upon a Wash-
ingtou mux-far leaving ajmule uiahal-
tered over night. No one ever heard
of a f$ fi«« being imposed for the
thousands of human beings who are
left unsheltered overnight
■     iV,  it i -in ■Aj— ' ...
Xixon was a foundry man by trade
and lived In.San Francisco. He was
one of these workingmen that politicians and clerical persons would refer
to as "the mainstay of our institutions'-?—he voted the republican ticket,
had a family o^f four, did not object to
his wife going to church and his
children to Sunday school and had
a great distrust of-radical ideas.
The story of Nixon would probably not have been worth telling had
not the factory closed and Xixon lost
his job. He tried hard to get another
first at his trade, then at any kind ot
work, hut was unsuccessful'.
At last he decided to leave Frisco
and try his fortune elsewhere. As by
this time his little- savings were gone,
he left his family behind and took the
freight for Los Angeles. In Los
Angeles, luck was still against him, so
he went East, to Arizona, and in
course of time arrived in the thriving
city of Tucson.
Here on the evening of the day of
his arrival he found a job in a-lumber
yard, and was ordered to report for
work' the next morning.   Having no
work out their programs unhampered
and fulfil every promise of their plat- nvone^ to obtain & lodeing he ate *?is
"Every argument today against industrial democracy was used against
political democracy 150 years ago,"
said Eugene V. Debs, Socialist leader,
to a packed house at the Central Christian Church yesterday. Mr. Debs took
the position that "indutsrial democracy," which he said is a definition in
two words of Socialism, is inevitable
and that "you. can no more stop its
coming tban you can stop the sunrise
tomorrow." -He urged all who believe
ln Socialism not "to remain around
the outside in a half-hearted allegiance," but to join the movement even
at the risk of losing their positions if
necessary.
"If you lose your position you will
have found. yourself, and you are
worth finding," be said. "If you linger
around.tbe outside you will soon lose
your job anyway and your manhood,
too. We are -fighting for the manhood
and the womanhood of the race. AH
tho other -parties stand for profit. Ours
is the only -party that stands for hu-
^•R^t^raJ,Jftst_anjl_all_Jthe-t!me^-
Position of Rockefeller
Typical of Mr. Debs'   expressions
was one regarding John D. Rockefeller,
forms the workers would be unable to
see any change in their own conditions.
Supreme Judges Corporation Lawyers
Terming the supreme court a group
of "nine corporation lawyers, who
achieved their fame and fortune in the
service of corporations," Mr. Debs
said:
"And yet these are the gentlemen
who are relied upon by some people,
largely in mental knickerbockers, to
dissolve the trusts and force the world
back where it came from. Every time
a big capitalist squeezes little capitalists he is furnishing us with a new
lot of recruits. Many men wbo were
violently opposed to Socialism a few
years-ago are now Socialists. They
were, in business then. .Vow they are
out of business and in Socialism."
, He declared the Internationa). Socialist party Ib the largest party in the
world, "with 50,00,000 devoted- adherents," and he predicted certain victory
for it. The duty of Socialists, be said,
ls to educate themselves so as to handle the world's industries. He urged
the great superiority- of numbers of
tbe working people and appealed to
them to achieve solidarity and unity.
—Spokesman Review.
supper of bread and cheese in the shel
ter of a shed near the railway yard and
afterwhile curled up to sleep under
that same shed.
Kor awhile, feeling lighter at heart
than he had for some time, Jie slept
soundly, but suddenly was awakened
by, the kick off a heavy boot in the
small of his back, while at the same
time a hand clutched his collar and
dragged him to his feet.
When he was able to collect bis
startled senses he looked up in the
face of a big detective with little
black eyes and a black moustache
that looked as if he wanted to bite
one.
"What are you doing here, you
lousy "bo?" said the detective, then
seeing that Nixon was on the point of
starting an explanation, he said, "Shut
up you fool!" dealing his prisoner £
vicious blow in the mouth nt the same
time.
Nixon was dragged to the station,
booked for vagrancy, and thrown into
a cell where there was a cot and a
filthy verm-in-infested mattress.
It was Nixon's first experience with
the police, and as he sat there with
his head in his hands his indignation
at the treatment he had received was
almost as great as his'anxiety about
, As Socialism is an .arrangement ot
society that will give everyone what
is coming to him. It ts easy to under
of whom he said: nMr. Rockefeller has stand why some people object to It
"I'll show that bull up good and plenty
when my case is called. There is
still justice In the land."
The next morning he was brought
before the judge, choleric old gentleman. s
The judge gave the case about five
minutes of bis time and pronounced a
sentence of 90 days.
Xixon pleaded. He told ot the job
that he bad just obtained' after so
many hardships and which he was now
going to lose.
"That is nothing," said the judge,
intending to be humorous, "the county
is building some fine automobile roads
and you will be given a chance to help
while you serve your time."
Then wrath rose in Nixon's hqsom,
and for the first time in his life, he
found himself cursing his country's
institutions.
So '.titter was he, that he determined
not to do a stroke of work if he had to
die for it.
He did noL die but lived for three
months on stale bread and water.
Wl.cn the three months were over,
weak and haggard, he dragged his
weary steps out of the city which had
used him so ill.
Just outside the city limits he came
to an orange grove. Tbe oranges were
ripe and looked deliciously tempting
t» the half-starved '.nan. He cDuld
n-ot take his -*ye-3 off --.lie golden fruit,
lhe house xvtx-s tar away, and he knew
not what receyti .-*i he would be accorded there.' Tber*. -wis no fence around
the *,rove ancl the oranges were aim .bt
wi'iilri reach or his hand; sc he sniped over the irrigation ditch, drew
the darl* green foliage towards him
and picked an orange. The fruit had
hardly left its stem when a voice called, "Stop, don't move, or I'll shoot!"
He looked up, frozen with fear. In
the lane between the trees, a man
ancl a boy advanced rapidly—the man
with a shot-gun, the boy with a stick.
They would listen to no explanations
but took him back to the city and that
same day he was returned to jail, this
time for six months.
He did npt refuse to work anymore,
but helped to build the automobile
roads at Tucson, only something In
him had changed and hardened, and
that something neither high-flown
political speeches, nor lofty sermons
could ever change back again.
Had he after that had an opportunity to read and' to learn -to understand he might have become a Socialist, not having that opportunity he
learned only to hate.
A couple of months after he was
discharged, when again he was 'hoboing It" from town to town—this time
with little hoae_or__deslm-Qf-&ver-rs«
turning home—he heard an I. W. W.
speaker on a street corner flinging
his anathemas -at police and politicians, church and capitalists, it warmed his heart to know that there were
men who dared to denounce aloud
what he had faintly denounced in his
own heart. So that night he became
an I. W. W.—American Socialist.
8EEK CAUSE OF
WORKERS'
UNREST
Hearing on Industrial Conditions at
New York—Commission Will Look
Into Philanthropic Activity of Millionaires.
il FAMILY REMEDY
FOR MANY YEARS
J"
-UsMl'fniit-a-tivss" Witt Tin
Best of Results.
his new-found job. There was be, a
law-abiding citizen, beaten and locked
up by a minion of the law just because
he was out of a job and had no place
to sleep!   "But," ho said to himself.
NEW YORK, Jan. 17.—Frank P.
Walsh, chairman of the Federal Industrial Relations Commission, arrived in
this city today to go over data which
will be used in connection with the
hearings before the commission beginning here tomorrow in its investigation into the operation of the great
philanthropic foundations of the country und the underlying causes for existing industrial unrest.
The data submitted to Mr. Walsh
wero gathered by a corps of Investigators who have been at work here for
a fortnight gathering information regarding the -philanthropic and industrial activities of the men who have
been summoned as witnesses. These
include John D. Rockefeller, Jr., J. P.
Morgan, Andrew Carneg-ie, George W.
Perkins and Jacob H. Schiff.
Foreign Ownership Up
In un address tonight under the auspices of the forum committee of the
east side neighborhood associatjion,
..Mr. Walsh described conditions' in
Colorado, where he said employes of
the coal companies were compelled to
submit to company rules. This, he
said, is a "development of foreign ownership," and upon this topic as well as
the subject of the benevolent foundations the commission will hold Its
hearings in this city. A report to congress will be made on August 23, he
stated.
Regarding  absentee   ownership   of
corporations he said:
"If It is only the concern of corporations to count their dividends,
what do they say to the atrocious
actions of tbelr managers? Do
they intentionally disregard tihe
laws of nature which give to meu
and women the simple right of
earning their living by tbe sweat
of their brows? , If they do, legislation is heeded to change their
tactics.
"The fundamental causes of dis-
OCOROK MCKAY tne.
Kipphm, Ont., June 17th. 1913.
"Ihave beeu using "Fruit-a-tives"
as a family remedy for many years.
They are the best medicine I have
ever tried. "Fruit-a-tives" do me tlie
most good—tliey never gripe and their
action is pleasant.
"I have used them for Indigestion
and Constipation with tlie best results,
and I heartily recommend them to
anyone similarly afflicted.
These troubles have leftmecomplete-
ly and Igive "Fruit-a-tivcs" full credit
for all this. A nicer pill a man
cannot take."
GEORGE McKAY.
The enormous demand for "Fruit-a-
tives" is steadily increasing, due to tbe
fact tbat this wonderful fruit medicine
gives prompt relief in all cases of
Indigestion, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Rheumatism, Chronic,
Headaches, and Neuralgia, and all
Kidney and Bladder Troubles.
50c a box, 6 for f2.50, trial size 25c.
Sold by al I dealers or sent on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
ShilohM
Th* family Mmsdv for Cowtif and Colds.
taaU io**.   8-raili bottU.   But aiaet IKU
-corit€nt-a"nd~unempiojTaeHt7Tfi" my
mind, are Iow wages and its resulting evils. All the evils that
beset tbe -body politic are economic ones and It ts our purpose to
show forth to the world the dif
ference between wages and earnings.
Remedy Suggested
Suggestions to alleviate the situation
ot industrial depression and unrest
made by the speaker were restoration
to the people of the natural resource*
of which they have, he said, been
wrongfully deprived; establishment of
an administrative board where grievances could be redressed; of a minimum wage law and an eight-hour law
on the railroads and a minimum -wage
of $10 weekly1 for telephone operators.
In connection with the subject of
benevolent foundations, -Mr. Walsh
questioned tbe advisability of allow-
Tng a group of meu to have the spending of 1100,000,000 a year, which le exempt from taxation, without soitie -Federal supervision, and said hia report to
•Congress probably would advocate the
establishment of a Federal foundation.
f
*\
- , .■"■■*■'■.. , . ■ ' .,
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
mmmmmmm
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. Tke workers own the paper and control its
Policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay complimentsv but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U* S*
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest We might take this opportunity to ex-
prejs our appreciation for the service as rendered so fer. We would also add that it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we
hate run across to some time.
*BgSBSBS=SS&
-*MpK IE FOUK
THE DISTRIOT LBDaER, FEENIE, B.C., JANUARY 23,1015.
Published every Thursday evening at its, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An" excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
A.ddress all communications to tht District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
-^SErii-^
WHY WAR WAGES
FRIENDS (!) OF THE FARMER AND OTHERS
"".liisi as inei-ea.se (if population forms under curiam i-irciuiislaiiees a fuiivim-ing argument for war,
so industrial conditions may i-ompel the same result.
"In America, ImikIhikI, t-i-uriiiauy, to mention only
the chief eonunei-eial countries, industries offer remunerative work t'o greal masses of the population.
The native population eannot consume all the products of this work. The industries depend, therefore, mainly -on exportation. Work and employment, are seeurcd so lon^ as they find markets
which gladly accept their products, since they are
paid for hy lhe foreign country. Hut this foreign
country is intensely interested in liberating itself
from such tribute, and in producing itself all it re-
ijuires. We find, therefore, a general endeavor lo
<-;ill home industries into existenee, and so protect
I hem by tariff barriers; and, on thc other hand,
the foreign country tries to keep the markets open] flint-lock in the present war
During the financial stringency of 1907 clearinghouse certificates wore issued byithe U. S. banks
instead of coin. Oue day Oie Oleson enter-od a
bonk in which he had deposited a goodly stun and
when he asked for fifty dollars was' handed teii
dollars in cash and forty dollars in c-ertifioaites.
This did not meet with his approval, and he persistently urged the paying teller to give him' real
money and not paper. As other depositors wore
standing at the teller's wieket waiting, the^m-anager
hearing the loud talking, stepped to the door of his
office and beckoned to the dissatisfied Swede.
"Kindly setp this way, Mr. Oleson." Mr. Oleson
-strode into the office, sealted himself. - Then the
manager very painstakingly explained the situation
without making any noticeable effect upon his listener for at least ten iuinut.es, when, observing the
flicker of a smile pass over the Swede's countenance, said: ''You grasp my meaning now. do yon
not, ilr. Oleson?"
Tlie smile broadening to a grin, Oie says:
"Oh. ya ; 1 tank so, mister. It was yust like dis:
1 go me to bett og ven Lena, meen wife says to me,
"Oie. der papy vas vant some nielk.' og 1 skill go
downstairs, look into der bantry. og 1 skal find no
melk, hut I dake a melk ticket, dake it oop to der
papy. ven F skal say. 'Hair you are, bush der tieket
iu der papy's mout og say, hair suck dat.' "
This story has a paralled in a suggestion made
in a Winnipeg despatch which reads:
''Arrangements have heen made hy whk'h each
branch bank in Saskatchewan will be equipped with
a bulletin board for the dissemination of information, giving the farmers the benefit of the discoveries of the agricultural college."
The Financial Post (Toronto). Dee. 2G. after
quoting the experiences that such measures have
had in Kansas, where the bulletins were mailed
direct to the farmers, characterizes the suggestion
as effective as a Kip Van "Winkle with an old
If he eould coax an
directorate of this highly favored
road. '"A" vuew broom sweeps
clean" is an old but ever new adage. "Efficiency and economy''
was the watchword. Some of tho
old hands were discharged; prizes
were given for tlie greatest mileage
covered with the lowest consumption of coal. This went on for a
time. Slight, almost imperceptible changes were made which
meant a reduction in the wages
earned until the point was reached
where a strike was determined
upon. Here was where the men
found they did not possess any resources. They quit work but
their positions were filled without
{Treat difficulty, and the experience sained was of incalculable
benefit to those compelled to seek
other fields in order to find work.
that" they were in receipt of a
scale of wages equal to t'hose enjoyed in union camps. News was
spread broadcast that meu -were
wanted. They flocked to this
favored spot. Gradually prices
paid were lowered; men growled,
but as they had no backing and
packed their tents (packs) and
drifted away.
The sequel to this story happened this week when a number of
men formerly working at the camp
reached Fernie Avith a Story of
hard luck, sadder and wiser men
This story is told to
moral and adorn a tale.'
'point a
ti. itself, lo crush or cripple competing industries,
and rlius to retain the consumer for itself or win
fresh ones. It is an embittered struggle which
rages in thc market of the world. It has already
<.lien assumed (Infinite -hostile forms in tariff wars,
and the future certainly will intensify the struggle.
Great commercial countries will, on the one hand,
shut their doors more closely to outsiders, and
countries hitherto on the down-grade will develop
home industries, which, under more favorable conditions of labor and production, will be able to supply goods chc.a|MM- than those imported from the
old industrial States. Those latter will see tlieir
position in the world markets endangered, and thus
i! may well happen lhat au export country can no
Imnror -nVfoi- satisfactoryconditions of life to its
workers. Such a state rims the danger not only of
losing a valuable -part of »ts population by emigration, but of also gradually falling from its supremacy in tho ejyilized nnd political Ayorld through
diminishing production and lessened profits."
The above simple-woriled. clearly expressed exposition of how eapitnli.sn! functions is not from the
Not very long ago the organiz
ers of the V. M. \V. of A. visited a
certain coal camp, but despite
their earnest efforts, did not make
much effect upon the workers,
who  called attention to the fact
""Wil may" reafl the pages of bur country's history-and take pride in the Immortal, names of those patriots whose
matchless valor, away, b-^ck ia the days
of '76, caused the tongue ju that old
casting suspended in the tower of
Fanuel Hall to strike its iron lips proclaiming to the world the birth of a
new republic. We may grow eloquent
in out tributes to the days of the sixties, when the auction block was destroyed and chattel slavery was burled
in its unhallowed grave. But the achievements of the history of thepast
should not blind our vision   to
TABER NOTES
the|G
Xo more conclusive evidence
that the nobility of Germany realizing that their prestige was on
the wane, looked upon war as a
sink or swim propositi ir. is plainly visible iiv.m the following figures of their standing in the Reichstag (parliament): Tn 1S78, in a
house of 307 members, 162 were
drawn from the ranks of the nobility;, in 18JIS there were 8H.
whilst in that of 1912 there were
but 57, of whom only 27 sat on
the right, whilst there were but
U in the centre. 7 on the left.
and 1 on the Socialist benches.
enemy within range he might perhaps hit him."
Whilst all sorts of schemes have been advocated
by various practical (!) men. the subjects of their
consideration still continue to suffer. As an illustration of the impasse reached by those who are
strong on suggestions, we note the following in
the same issue of the wcll^-mown publication dealing with lhe unemployed problem:
"The coming year (i. e., 1915.) will see lower
wages and still-more unemployment in Canada than
exists at present. The great question, and one
which is becoming more and more serious, is how
(o turn this waste energy to profitable \ise. T.f.
.which is hardly possible, the war should be over
early next year. 100.000 more men will he hack
-hif.lciiiy—Enit—i-gnrk T.h*p_ fm-jii.. fortn nn tely    ,-if»'er->
i - r-2
a ■ . • P>,
H fa!
§ FERNIE  MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS, 1915 fe
I   fl
I To the Electors of Fernie Municipality: - |
| H. E. BARNES wishes to thank his numerous k
friends and supporters who placed him in such a
creditable position at the recent polls, and begs to
state that, in the event of another election, he will
again be a candidate, when he hopes to receive even
more generous support.
hydra-headed monster of monopoly
that has crawled like' a serpent into
the Eden of American liberty. We
sins "My Country "Tis of Thee," and
ye: millions of our so-called sovereign
citizens do not own a foot of soli beneath the blue unpillared arch of Columbia's sky. We sing, "Tlie SUr-
Spansled Banner," and'we shout for
tne "Red, -White and Blue," and yet,
we have seen corporate plutocracy
planting the flag of this nation upon
the military stockade and the "bull
pen." behind whose walls men.wre
hell without charge, without warrant
and without due process of law.
It Is no easier to bear the pangs of
hunger or wear the rags of poverty
under tlie flag of a republic than It is
beneath tlie banner of that bloodstained monster in his prison-palace in
Russia.
Creed is the same all over tlie world.
Greed has no heart, and no soul.
Greed respects no country and reveres no flag. Its religion Is profit
and its god ls gold.
The mine worked on Tuesday, - the
second day for this year. A nwrnihea-
of men have lifted their tools and gone
else.wthere. , --
Jack .Mugford and Ted -Bate-man
have gone to Three Hills and have secured work.
A'special meeting of the looal was
| held on Sunday as Vic-edPreBldtent \V.
rahain and Board Member Rees were
\
FSISIHIBIBISJaiHraSEiaiSISiaiaiHIHiffiS.'c'ir1 "?> T3 "5!I T1?3 "pijiaI5ieljSI5IBJ3MBJ3iSIH.tS13i
Jerome K. Jerome, the famous British author and playwright, declares
"This war is turning us all into Socialists."
James Keir Hardie, the veteran of
Britain's labor forces, is lying serious-
ly 111 at his old home In Cumnock,
Scotland.
a splendid means of livelihood and unusual profits,
bul our Department of Agriculture and Labor are
toying with the situation."
lt is indeed marvellous how these shining ...stars*
in the political economic world do flash hither and
thither in their efforts to ci»st a ray of light through
the clouds of gloom, regardless of the FACTS so
pen of any disciple of Manchesterian economics, but; (.om|,i(.t,.iy upsetting their superficially plausible
mi extract from the work of one who has recently !■ thcoricK-
become quite famous (.some of his critics have call-1     ,„ Saskatchewan and Alhcrta, where lhe farmers
ed him '"infaiiinHK") (-ieiieral K. von Iternhardi.
and is found on -jKigiN 2M and 24 :tf "(ierniaiiy and
the Next War."
To those who will take the trouble to examine
his •siateiiients no refutation ean be made of their
accuracy; cv-ery sludent of history knows full well
tlmt from lime immemorial ihe necessities created
•bv in r.ised population hive been fnotors in causing war* of expansion. Again, industrial condi
lions have likewise been '.iislritmeuliil in fomenting
civil strife us iiiKJiHHi-d in Michigan, West Virginia,
Colorado, Viincouvw Inland, etc.
Tlie deductioiiM intidc as lc what must castle when
have certainly not wasted their energy, many of
theiii are on the ragged edge of desperation and
beseeching -Uovcriiiiieut aid, They have worked
early and late and have bul little for their labors.
hi the cities there are thousands in equally iis"
wo l'i 11 plight as the farmers, but unable to find
work. There is t-he spectre of 100.000 men entering the competitive field after the war is over, then
by what mysterious powder of deduction doen lhe
Financial Post reach the conclusion that ''the farm,
j fortunately, hI'IVi*** a splendid means of livelihood
.ainl unusual profits"?
When farmer* could not obtain a livelihood h\
Man's Inhumanity To
Man Makes Countless
       i>
-Thousands-Mourn11-—
John O'Neil ^ Trinidad Weekly Free
Press
Poets, orators and Journalsts have
paid their most glowing trtbuteB to the
progress which crowns the twentieth
century. The press and pulpit have
Stacked, from the English language the
most flowery verbal gem* to picture
the noble generosity that permeates
the human lioart and to portray the
deathless fraternity that exists itmoiia
men.
W-& have been told year after year
tlint the human race is holding closer
communion with the doctrines that
were once preached by the lowly
Xazurene, that man has risen from the
barbarism that dUjtra-ced a brutal past
and that our present civilisation Is enabling men to plant In the narrow span
that lies between the cradle and the
yhve, roses of happiness, love and joy.
Poets, oratom aud Journalist* may combine the urttatu-esis of Un»lr spi-tmdld
conviction to thinking men and women
tlmt this mundane sphere Is growing
better as a place upon which to live.
This old earth Is shadowed by ttm
gloom of misery aud wretuUcdnesH.
tiyes are moistened with the dew or
tears and lip* arc pallid In tho grip of
famlshlnK hunger and want Wo may
hear the laughing music of hope and
joy in the mansions on Capitol Hills
i: native population cannot consume oil its product*I ^ln ^.^ „||iV W(1|V mlvM {o (rv |l|ixw, fMn„.
are equally logical and fully vindicated by event*| jnjr TWv ,,;,, w, „„,i wUh ,,ut fjnv ,.x,.,M>tj0IIH m*
lha! are within lhe recollection of thin present gen- |)0 ,„,„,,, <|ff t|um „.,„,„ ^j,^ „.,„,„, |||U. ,„ lU,
era! ion. To cite but I wo incidents ix enough for „,„,,,,,„ ,U,m,mi, j,, y|B ^j,.,* ,,|rj,| |o ,,„. famttVH
the moment llu- HuKHo-.lapauew conflict mid tlie-JW |||(|.r |mMh|c.lK> m% ia »trk-tly in aenmlauee
Sp«i.i».h-Ainerieiiii war. wUf, th|. ,,tW   nf M||l|)Iy„m| ,|,„IIHIKj. w||i,.|, „,By-
Von. Henihnrdi calmly reeognixe* the inevitable j ||J|pH -m g,.g,|Uv moi||ftw| through the influence of
outcome,, frankly Siting Hint the future tniint in-f WipU|||| „|im,nM,,jMti,. temleneie* vnjnyml hy the buy-
teiipofy the struggle, hut of for* iio rrmedy. and 1*.^
v.--. -, :,, -?-•-,:•, -,*, tt,.-r,, ,\ „., lMm«il,ih. pceumneMf * .'.^^ lu ^ UuA,.. ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ (V|lmf w„ Pnn ,Ih(,wli#„,„,th# wall, and
v.Hi(inn *. long as the regi»iM» which von Iternhardi ||w4.||m h| „„, At-wn     ..„„,   m 0 <lnvermmti ;•< •J* ^ *ro*n» '« **• hof'• •» «*•
..ml ,*iUt'4s regard ..» llu- unl.i right mw. .-.<!itintiv<.' .„ ,i„, ,._., ,-rtMI, „„, llirril.,1|„1Pi,ii-i      T» l...th ih..      ,t*' tmy "** '    *1.    ?   y
u        . *  ...      ,,       t. *" Uie er,\  irmu Uiv HtfiiHillitiHli*!.      »« ,»«»t|» «••»"! ije paucos <rf the Dlvss, »M« Usssrtw
Several yearn ago we travelled wilh a lUrnm-  mtf[it,r j|( „|(, },„,„„,,.•„,, wor|l, „,„, lo „,p ,ilU,P „, ||n |fcf „„„ ln ^ gMmi ^ |n ^
nmxt offieinl m)mi had .h«r«e of tut unf.irniiiMle ,,l(, <it{[ ,j|((H|   ||n|   |(|   thmi,   Mw |tril|,|u,ts,   nndh-rlson is monnta* rrom "msn's Inha
woman whom he xxm escorting to the insane iwylum | H(m)»„,,},„„Vl.„ \mi „i,|, '„ «fj,. ,„, |Hli|, \mtm*».<\ manlty to msn."
from th- upjHi- country ami as the dnys jnms.il by  ,  , „ .    = k ,       . , ni,.niiiliiv.    Whv is it!    Th* *)»t«,'n "ndltr whidi we live,
I,,.,. ,,**„**   i   .»,„.. »,u e.. ,.,«.k,„l .In,' i„ ih.. .I..I, ' • * * .    .      *W«h «•» »»»^ «*• "*H»onalf« a«4 tbe
Her i;Hiii'*i*« im 'Mine more unitKt?<!, •Hie lo Hie iieni- ■■ ,.,„«   .i,„ ,„,.,„.   ,n„«,u.,-  ,,r .1*„«L„*,u  dn,,  ,,»IU „„ i.,f ... ...    .     . .
si«„i Unit |hi*w.hm>»I Ibe itiirortuiHite eivuture h linmi;- „,„| diMiibtltlng till lhat i* iwewHrj- for the wellj,he hwnnn b*nH. Prom Is the mon».
thai «he w»* travelling ntiuitl and round in a rlrrl«ilipj|Mr „f f,HIIWMjt(v nnd yH they are always punr?'*" ,hal «• *X*T tttmmlinu jastlw to
wh.i«. «..|i«» «ns onnttRiitly deereimiiig. and iii her A|M, ,inV; <|o„4.,»,^ „,,.„ „.t ^ |o %Uu^, ,,,„ „.„, ] tia;h and crucifying man on the cm*!
tr*my site tried oui. "We'd mum reach the point ... ......    .-•.. -  .._._..._  ...   «_l. .„...! r»s cr ajfon>-»«4 «»siKilr.   OiwH hss
•.,!».:» 'a. : ..a'1. *jf::i .•'-tue,''.
Th*-ii- •-. .< .'1«<».- .m.tlotf>   li.-t Vi.il lliv iibol
.ind ih,* i|jre,-)ioii in which -^-.Mntries th*|1 «r
sages and philosophers and with all
the denunciation that baa been thundered from pulpits against wrong aud
crime, yet now, under the dome or
every nation's sky and beneath every
thm. we can quote the poetic language
of Scotland's immortal hard: "Man's
inhumanity to man, makes countless
thousands mourn."
Nature has tilled the warehouses of
the earth with a feast for all, and yet,
the gaunt, skeleton fingers of hunger
and want nre writing the letters of a
lingering death on the wan races of
millions of human beings. The strong,
lusty, vigorous mau stands upon the
streets, disinherited by the sysieui that
has built palaces for thc few and
hovels for the many.
Womon, who should be the queen of
home and the Idol of man's tenderest
devotion, in seen in the mill, factory,
tlepartmpiit store and sweatshop con-
fls.-iitlug her health and strength, io
ailiu profit for the Indokat -the class
of privilege—who banquet on the tw-
plus proceeds of her bondage ln wage
slavery. The child Im Us lisping Innocence, under this --boas-Kid civilisation
of ours. Is forced to crawl from Its
cradle and plead to a host for a son.
tence at the bench of Ill-paid toll.
Shall we go on through all the yeara
or the future upholding and defending
a elvllixjiloii that has made human
flosh the cheapest commodity In tbe
world? Bhall we go on maintaining
and perpetuating n system that builds
n prison and a palace, that breeds a
l>sup«r and a Croesus, n master and h
slave, and drapes tbe world In tlie
darkness of a starless night? Hhal*
hi* go on forging tht chains and
shai Me* thst hold ns under tbe yoke
of industrial Uiralldom or shall tht
pcrijli- rUe Sn their economic and ("ill
'.cnl mlrht mi overthrow the sy*i-m
ihst har pnt tight upon « rrtmn an-4
*r<-im uion a ihroi.«r
v\ i, or America, In this so-eatied
* lux.,'. s»f tl* fr**  nv,4 !'.*»* *f tfe*
As a sample of ridiculous red tape
which needs the pen of n Dickens to
cc it justice, we commend the follow-
Ing to our readers:
Sergeant Bennett, of *h« Norfolk*,
was reported killed in action Sept. lst.
lie was discharged from the hospital
and presented himself at regimental
headquarters, but was greet-M hy the
major, who knew him well with. "Bennett, you are officially a dead man and
nothing can at present be done for
you." In order to prove that he is
still alive he must furnish documentary evidence from -his employer and
others before he will be entitled to
back pay.    .
in town In response to a or-equest to
the District 'for an official to visit here
in connection with a com-pensiition
case. Both visitors aiM-reased the
meeting and reviewed conditions regarding the district and inber*naiiorial,
and also passed a few remarks regarding the war, which were mueh appreciated.
The regular meeting of the Town
Council was held, on Monday night,
and besides other business the new
Council saw fit to reduce thB rate or
wages from thirty cents per hour to
twenty for men who were employed
on ceilaln work. ' lt ls understood
that one of the labor councillors seconded the motion, and about the only
objection caine from Alex 'MoRoberts.
The regular meeting of .Local, Wi
Lakes place on Sunday. All members
are requested to attend.
Promises like piecrusts, made ito be
broken, are particularly applfcaible to
thio camp.
Tlie condition here not only abows
no sign of improvement, hat grows
rapidly worse.
The outside world fed In the past
by the lying reports about tho hia;
wages made by coal miners can readily understand that even if correct no
mutter what thrift had been exorcised
thnt the reserves would now be exhausted when lt is known that 'during
the year 19-1-4 the average was one and
a half days work per week, and so far
this year this has dwindled to one day
per week. In face of the above facts
there are strong advocates tor the
sending of Belgians to Canada. iThls
would be out of the frying pan into the
lire with a vengeance,'and we would
say to these unfortunates: Better atay
where you are and starve to death
than come over here and far* a like
fate.
This may not suit some of those
boosters who do not oars .wint bap-
pens to their deluded victims, but it
is the stern truth and we defy contradiction.
Tl
PITBOY TO PRIVY COUNCILLOR
In announcing his Intention of resigning, Mr. Thomas Burt says, "advancing age and infirmity are the only
—but, ncverthejess, sufficient—reasons *for withdrawal from active public
life."
Mr. Burt has risen from pltboy to the
dignity of a Privy Councillor. Bom
In'Northumberland In 1837, he attended
for a ilme a dame's school, After-
war's ho set to work to educate himself." ■.
"Ftudy," lie once said, speaking of
hlr, -struggles at this period, "became
almost a passion to me. I spent every
spare moment devouring the contents
of books mid papers." lie worked In
the mine until he was 25, when he became officially connected with the
Northumberland .Miners' Union, and
from that time onward hts record ts
intimately associated with the history
of the trade union movement.
In 1874 he was elected Liberal M. V.
for Morpeth.—Science and Art -of Mining.
i «»u llicn-for... when »„Hwr. or kler. the light will j HH|lf| ,„ „, hnM mm Md ^ wllh
• i-ilUii llfMiii iii, ii, tii..'. '■%*,,i.i 'tUtli'g is, i.-ttn'.i .» Ihi
.1i*lf itl l-tffilttwli." stfol MhIi-jmI of (ib-.nlioif tit the
tr«»tiTiMiien; th*'} xxili J«ke )mi.-«-i'*k.moii of it■*-->'Machinery, trmhirrtf it Imih-Immi f-o «H t-UoMci-. *li tuw-iety
nml not ns if t* toilay, -s-vilely nn iiislrtfmei't wrvini*
ihe iittcrvM* **f Ihe few.     Thi* i» the reine-ly, ami ij *r,;*n, m>l man #ho Is tsI-J t* tiite j »> cn-Mli) to the roontlets millions e4
, ■   .1, init'u.it, tt". * ¥Sr-H\\mk* Vftiti'..
Aii i,\*~r ;hr hitmm of thl* IwoJtd |%mt." look ntrtm th* »14# ei-jurse
In l ri-i tw* ***n Vb* signals of A\*->,,tt tbe two oceans and we tee tke mil-
♦ •«•.*. s-inf e* nn hear th-** dirge   ofjltflns of Europe and Asia groaning in-
•V-t-^ lu-pt.! and Wantpil lives,   flnrjifer v.t  Iron sreptre nf Imperfn! Hen*
1hil'/-t!o!i is loadc-I wifh slgfis'sndjvorUm,   Wc feel onr hearts to oot!«
it    t*i,.iH**     ,91    ,911*     -t.^19
iv 'i.i-- ivy
r
,*■)• ,i Xyt-nii', ur -;i »Jil*e,
V.-nr   i«fn*»»iwis ■ hniMfinMl
r,-*f,i ti• -'Ti1' I^C "".'.f- til Om   <•'-•■«
! t'ij.n-! -j*iik of emj^fOfs t»d Wnp.   \*t.
irsm   th»l«f n- \mnn t'oivmbi*. standing on
■ !*,b*ry
t-n.lny
in iln -.Mil -il i-.i^ititli-tia ar«- ii«.i.!iiiii a* ii sti i«laiiiil>
(Hiinldl hiii by lb-i"iib;ir»l» wh«». lil•*« -.*»llier litnu-jfini*
-ieh-iM«hiM-ri, firmly l»»-ln'V»«« tliat tliinp-* »*. Ih«-y an-
..;« i.t,:\ii,:.yini ,.\<>i ,t,ti* ,,t- i„tt • ,,n .i,.i, *,*, .,
«HH*ki»H|)   l'.ivil>il.   Ulnki t   Ut*'   --"lUHH m   ,\ wtii,   it'-vt
witb lhe ri**t '*! biimaniiy {-mrmtttnl In e\«t iiml-r
•.»|f|eral»r«'
<*,»   b.r...
|t|**,|,        *,-»*',y*.*1       .*-,,*,*,»***      «*-*.**       ,*,l- 9%»,„^i   it,        »%,*..   +,%.k.4,    .
t'tnW •■■■■■* -nh'.-ts * i '.***• »*!■"; ll>'> -tf "H.-ir •l«*Ve|ti|HI, <*t "«
are i!«|nO'tHii.' • -niilrifv It. «mr«>«r f*,|»nr1«-r*. whi-'i
ihey. !»»<» hhn! -,'*, tit *t*-*ri-b »il murk*I*. «ii«l when
Mm*> «I«i ib»» Ibf* »-<*•(»»• »*»J»» <-<Mti|N>it'ii..ti uilli ollur
--•it   i. .      Ti -i"r,-i'"'"t: *«- ,'vii'b <t:*i:,i*. *< rx-^ff-fin lifif
lhfhl{»*. jnniiN. et*-. j*r»- *••*** nt is* .intiliariwi, Utamt-
<*i- -..- <:*.*«-r ii*,it9i* "utii-rfM'-'-it't. .:.% «li-t*m *tM»ij or** t-mli*
. ,.9 ****..    !*.mnmiai t»y mw Mini- warn, vim jnn innii tin* rvn   :mm Ute nrr-wai la«« or names: "Ttmtt,
.     ^      ,[    m . .     .       'sw-*!^»rrtiWM^ tml bin, jret etwry Mtio* vwoeriTnowgh we Hvw •• twt *afl ot o tb-
TO BB SOLD CHBAiP-rA num->eir of
tablefe and kitchen chairs, A-pply,
Ledger Office.
AOCOUN-TANfT WANTS POfilTION
—Kxperlenced and thoroughly reliable
accountant with knowledge ot lumber, steel and brick and printing Industries, BeOks situation In Pans or ft
Kootenay. Engaged for last six years
with big firm at coast. Apply ledger
Office., or write - A. M. Judd. co.
Messrs, Cougkin & Co.,. World Bids..
Vancouver.
I
War on Wood
-><<>nA*<K/>Mvvv\*vvvvvvvvvvi.
Good dry wood for
sale $3.50 for 2 ricks,
delivered anywhere in
FERNIE,
Bi Gt
PHONE 1
i
mum mJV*-m. .mimnMmvrommmm. -^ik-VVMI   *
KNQvK6D"UuT
If you are aftor goods at rook-bottom
figures look at our nvhulow and you
will receive a surprising shock as our
prices liave anything ever before offered
the public knocked-out to a finish.
Ae F. HADDAD
.Z QUALITY 1T0M OUARAHTBE8 QUAUTT. PltOU
AKD OOOM
teitiilHt.* U** eitlt '-lire Itie tt''li* alliieJIint ill,  m*t\
■fwilitlf        file KIIOTrenlnMi* »na-»le !»>'  llie reinrv»ll»it»-
tfenlry are in Ih#> mm* eaieffnry with <>lc'*« milk
iiekH -tWy majr In* hImI th«-ittrtN*lly hnf th^Uo?f#, ^ fn,ri»tla»lty hilm b#«td.iU^ tioett\n*n of a   ivrisraikm or in-
.r.».iii-ti.»ti    .mi-.nut**  -|M«ui»;iri|y  r*.r (j|t(j.j ll,M|,.,.i8ii/l. *,„ ^n. jiniei'ieal wi»rhl, n!  fir -N-miwr!-*-* tn ••vi-nf HvtlltH |-t*y*;-.*lmt*H  thst  was bsptltH  nntl
I
A ST0SV WITH A MORAL
tb*tt spirt* io*nrt tin* mnn, mA jtWi-vi.-**. fc.srt>r» hi tkt mom nt knasAa
*nm* reirn* rsm^int an-d wan 1wui|lr*e*ioni; or* wkolNM-vt of iwlltl-tat and
 „,..*, ifm yrt j^^ tWf to ^^ ^ -pfff^. i rt-itftioMS frwdowi not r»p«w**f»tat*v-»
Ve,»r» uv**- •»» *b«' «-.i.«l-i"ni •■r.jWniity «if thi* *o»* *tnral HMn-tat*: 1-joto ti»r otltbtmr ■•'m**remtnt;   w*   wh«  om •f«!»»p«'4
!M|»l..vr»-. fiijH.viil fgi^lleiii" thrwif."     Through all (tm mm of! wltk thai wovsnrltB power known .•*
,       "     -   .   .,     t  -'it   1    -' '"*• *b# pom** nt Wstefjr wiw tml wfti f th* ktlfcv. xr# tnt stem to s despot '
.     ,,,    # , , ,.       • * <»ar» and r*Men*4 wil* M-M-4, aai i ln*m ihst is ai mtu-iU-n* nn tiie ttatftar •;
vim- that a xxxixiiti nhmM It* 1mm**\. lm vA thm wa*'nmwUbtinnfinK   tk#   www«i«««i#«t'»»i»i «f ■ msv, t**1 buMbm met, nnt\
i^-Hemnl hy $bt* ultht ht'ttAt*. whu prit forth thi«. rvn jrttw tl* gmi b«»t* ttf bvtAti*: "Hbwu\%mtt-ti to tb* r-wniIrt wifuta of Wl**rti,
listemt.  th** r»ilr*«-fil
wurkmu i-i-MMlntn'i.-o.
■f-ttti. <tt*-» li«.».»ily *-**m*ni- t« ramiun: and a lanw
|w»tff.w «tf tit* -^rrti'"! *nrtn** im lmn*h*rm*A tutti »
mbi-tit-mir •4*n3hirt■}*»&**. mwh <c*»i«Wia»i*t attri-
»<n?»»T 'n* tttnrn* In «w -nfiiwiw^i wliira in tv-wltty
1».iT»'< trv the Ainl into *lt Iho *'tltnt^t*r^ .*''
. »litwW a* otlt^r wail* tha!   tlw   nfrf*wi*»«rl   iHirf1** «««W •* *«•«»• «• **tfim *»* ***** •!»*# m*m bmmr Is btmbt-
■  k.Mil.1 1        >v iKi-hiiiU *'"    Yh*  Anni l*a*l**w,,*»** •* mnttnt to ftatatala tftc «<t to ttm warM m Vb* trmbtom ot H1*-
niwMilil me ex|ien«i !»<»*»«') mettmiy .        uii* *nni,*|wtyt>WWlf1|f ^ ^^f mombmo m*'*m ot -s*iy„ yot. -ntm la Ammtmi ttoot litn
iwimit rornttl to* *Uv     Vt*r **r*t*t from all w>m f ,^1^   ,   .   ,   xntb *n tk» vtmomtoom tb* tbnmo ntrit mm Ab tb*
lobttm tmtmtertnttl).   Tk*t* won * *'hnnttt  in tli«|ilui  U* itowOi tram  t&f Hp* or aialli'd f!ft or Witts! Wight.
I
a*3.i3
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
•nd |m*c»M wcurHf at -aim.
Wbb n -poMer ll tw tii im
fwiwpsw-t, -row -en* m*4f *m *emr
rermXHnt or axm tit* tame m tO*
tnmb-nnti ym know jnwHrw aw,
rnr*.  H« kMt It
Plftl INttlft^NCI
ts •tw-ijrs t*bt*«p*m tmt ennoot-
sijr so wbtm It tbomt mm
btgbet.   Don't tnjty Mmm tbnt
r*H"**-iif or tbtitxi r.mt -*%ta, la
werntnt* ron met tmt tmm- rtft*
In si tan-* an*! %9t* It *f**riMiJ«Nl|
it*
•ou AMMt ron riRNit --.- ■■■ivw(**8*tv-a-i
m
THE DISTRICT LEDQEE, FERNIE, B.C., JANUARY 23, 1915.
7
?AOE FIVE )
4
♦ ■
4
♦
News  of The  District Camps
'♦ .  ♦
♦ BEAVER  MINES ♦
"♦    i ♦
The mine^ere worked two days last
week.
A keen contest for a councillor to
represent the Beaver' Mines Local Improvement District took place here on
.Monday of last week, between Bert
Lamb and Sid Spellman. Bert's programme was to complete the new road
partly made between Beaver and the
South -Pork; then, by bridging the
latter the distance between here and
Lundbreck, -Burmis and other towns
could be reduced by over five miles.
Sid promised to improve the roads in
find around the townsite. Result: Spell-
man, 2-1; Lamb, 19,
The result of the contest In thu
"Glad-stone Valley L. I. D. was, Mr. Wm.
-Cameron, 25 votes; Mr. C. Mitchell, 18.
The dancing' public of Beaver were
.-riven an excellent opportunity of enjoying themselves on last Friday evening, when the spacious dining room of
the Beaver -Hotel was cleared and
priced at their disposal. A free lunch
was served at midnight by. the host
..mil hostess, Mr. and Mrs. Xewhou&e,
<<nd the dancers glided gracefully to
-the sweet Btralns of music provided by
Mrs. Cameron and Mr, Jack Criwford,
ur.111 tock-crow next morning.
Tilt- meeting of the village school
tnsI-peB of Beaver -Mines was held at
2 p.m. on the 14th Inst., but a? It fell
upon one of the very few dayb the
mine 'vorkedfor the past six month*,
the attendance was small.     Mr. .1. G.
awaiting in Lethbridge for orders from
the King,
Bill Adams is now on the "Timber
aiyl Tools" job left vacant by -Tom
-Clapham's enlistment in the Alberta
Mounted Rifles.
'Stable Boss Joe Lynn and warehouseman Slyvia Purvis were up to
Edmonton this week buying feed, etc.,
for the company.
Mr. MacKay, of the company office
staff, arrived back from his health
restoring trip on Wednesday last looking much improved!
Mrs. T. Locke is an inmate at Diamond City Hospital, receiving treatment under Dr, Rose, of Coalhurst.
We nre pleased to report good progress in the case of Paul Pontrollo.
Paul got his leg broken in two places
while working in the mine as a pick
boy early in December.
A surprise party waB the result of
ii very pleasant eveniug at the home
of T. IS. Skelth on XJiursday last.
fieorge (Morley, jr., Jack Morton,
.Mike Ross and Neil McKinnon have all
offered to save tlieir country in the
Alberta Mounted Rifles, and are now
awaiting further orders.
The mine at present is working half
time. N'o new men are being hired
but quite a few men are leaving. The
company this last week have put most
of the shiftmen on to contract work
Retting coal to lessen the expenses of
operation. . Xo men have been laid off
yet
The annual meeting of the ratepayers of the School District was held in
the scliool, January 15th, for the pur>-
pose of nominating trustees for the
Prentice was re-elected trustee, nut us j year, and tlie reading of the financial
Chester, Bur-mis; Evelyn Hamilton,
Passburg; Mr. Dry-den, -Passburg; A
Smith, Hillcrest; -Mrs. Rolls, Passburg;
Walter Scott, Bellevue, winner of mile
race for men; J. -Crawford, Bellevue,
half-mJle race for boys; Gus Rudd,
Bellevue, winner of sack race for boys.
The young people of the Methodist
Church held a social and supper on
Tuesday.
Local Union Notes
Regular meeting convened as usual
with -president in chair.
Correspondence from Locnl Xo. b81
re "Doctor's Question," received and
filed. Expect this w.ill be aired at
forthcoming convention.
Auditors presented quarterly report
ending December 31st, also a supplementary report from the financial sec.
to date enabling membership to know-
exactly how we stand. Assets just
balance lia'billties, heiif-e position critical.
About $1,000 has been disbursed in
three distributions to men idle since
September. We liave sixty men, mostly married, now idle a month; a further lay-off of the afternoon haulage and
tipple crews and the few. who are
working averaging about three shifts
a period, presents anything but a
cheery prospect.
Secretary was instructed to write
Premier Sifton stating conditions and
asking that the representative some
time ago appointed be sent! in here at
once so that immediate relief may be
afforded.
Pit Committee reported re notice
posted up forbidding men to travel on
,. ™ i ,. r-, 1.1 9,\,ni*9 ! gangway, that super, stated that he
•he feeling against the board i. te- report. ^^^^^J^^nn helpless ,ln the matter. After
cumlng .twined on account oi what Is j man. and Donald McNeil, ■ecro^.j^ dlscussio„ members ex-
thought to be an unfair  metho-1   ot: were the only two present, so nothing i...._	
assessment, a public -meeting to ctaar, was done; and it is understood another 1Pre8»,nS ««Ir W»nions freely that the
the atmosphere Is becoming a necessity.
Jimmy Gurchntl who had his leg
broken Aliout. a month ago returned
■from Pincher Creek Hospital yesterday (Monday) and found that during
Ills abse&ce liis shack had been 'burgled and provisions, including a sack of
flour, a chunk ot pork, tea and other
things, besides a suit of clothes, were
stolen. Petty thieving is a very common occurrence here of late, especially since iMr. Morrison, J.P., left this
district-;' 0
—The-aaaual-eoagregatioBai-nieetlng
of the 'Mountain-Mill and Beaver Mines
Presbyterian Church was held In Beaver Mines Church, ou Jan. 12th. -Tbe
Rev., W.» M. Chalmers occupied the
chair, .There*.was a good attendance
present, considering the stato of trade
liere for the past 12 months. Mr. Wm.
Lees presented the treasurers' report
which waa considered satisfactory.
The Ladies' Aid report was submitted
by Mrs. Wm. Lees, and aB It showed
meeting will be called. As the ordinance says it must be held at 2 p.m.,
let us hope It will be au idle day, then
there will be no excuse for non-attendance.
BELLEVUE NOTES
Born—-To Mr. and Mrs. G. Knowles,
a son.
A hockey match staged -here be-
VWEn_tn?~aTl"^raiT~orBHleTtre~!nni"
the Pick Ups of Passburg, occasioned
much merriment owing to some of the
aggregation having gained more avoirdupois than is useful tor playing hockey nnd having forgotten many of the
fine points essential to thc game. The
Pick Ups, at the end of the third period had picked up the honors by (I
goals to 4.
1    ts. W. tioodwlu, the Bellevue band-
„ w „„   . ,    i muster, has joined the colors as trump-
a balance of over *90.00 after paying, „ . ^ ,g |n ^^ flt
considerable f-hufrh expenses, It was
woll received.   The election of officers!    The mIrte worl:ed 0,ie da>" ,a8t week-
ror lhe current year was as follows:
■Air. lxtlng, treasurer; Mr. CieorKo Bal-
wlileh shattered our lust prediction
Soni-e of our married population were
lantyne, corresponding secretary; exe- • -'iiU-rtalned  Sunday by three of our
| "barbers" of Prospect Flats, and were
ciitlve committee board: Messrs, heen.
I .ori Ingham, Skene. Ilodgklns and McDonald. The union of Mountain Mill
and Heaver Mines was agreed ta until
Marrfa. The following board was elected for Heater Mines: Messrs' Dave
Miilr, T. Lowrle, E. Cameron, J. Oaw-
for<VAlfX. -Thomson and Kd, tl#«v*r.
Attar tto elections aud fhe pasjltix of
th-» w.rloat reports, ♦,-« were u-«ate4
to some excellent vocal i nd Instrumental mnsto by Mrs. Lees, Mrs. WWtUk-
od and Mrs. Lowery. The crowd thon
partook of a hearty luncheon. «*ht«b
was propanrwl by the ladiea, ably assist-
»d by Mlns Lee, teacher. Reaver Mines,
nnd Miss Wright, Coalfields School.
A very enjoyable evening was brought
to a close by singing "Ood Save tl">
King," followed by btnsdlcUon.
Mr. J. Looghran's reply to "itnt-e
He*$ Cornea Back" will appear In a
»ntw«tUf*t Usu*
loud In their praises of the perfection
attained In the culinary art by the
"singles."
In spite of the Binalliiess of the pay
on Saturday considerable activity was
noticed.
Those In need of nn evening's en-
Joy ment nre assured of getting It at
the Picture' Palace in the Workers'
HaII operated by Mr. Legg, whose
films are unequalled,
The Hev. V. T. Cook prca-t lied an In*
lereKtitiK sermon on Sunday from the
tevt "illessed are the meek for they
Khali Inherit the earth," to a small
audience,
A fancy dn>ss carnival was Md
on the rink Monday niglit, when the
following were successful In winning
prices donated by the tradesmen of
this town:   Mr. Chester, Hurmis; Mrs.
danger in travelling to 12." was greater
than along the gangway. Pit Committee was instructed to interview District Inspector at once. Objection
made to super of fire bosses "digging"
resulted in promise of a discontinuance of the practice.
Suggested constitutional amendments submitted by resolution committee were concurred in, The principal one being the one dealing with
officers' reports that are submitted to
the quarterly or special meetings of
the Executive Board and all the pro-
ceedlngs  of  said  meetings  shall  be
Bent out to each Local, thereby affording each member an opportunity of
judging whether the officers merit the
confidence placed in them.
"Spoilt ballots,"/'Selection of Fraternal Delegates;" and seVerdl oth?r
Items were dealt with In a thoroughly
satisfactory manner.
The evergreen question of coal haulage was once again well ventilated.
♦ LETHBRIDGE NOTES ♦
♦ ♦'
COALHUAiT
•♦♦•
llorn to the home of Mrs. Ue-arg*
Smith, January 1-ttb, a ton, Mra.
Smith la ibe widow of tht late tleo.
Smith who. It will be rometaberei, met
with a fatal accldont while oat hunting an October 2*Ui last rear, tearing
nt that tiaw a widow nnd four llttlo
children without a father. We ».re
pleased to report mother and baby tk*
ing nicely.
A big nigh: ol enjoyment was sjipnt
»t thc home of Fred tlriep on pay
night, flood music, dancing and songs,
J alia Hurl/ey-ecm wns -jnr*s«.tU.
Tnm Clsptwm quit Uie tmnloy ot
tbe d»ftay mi Monday and la wow
- N
A Miner'*
Gough
rdenotes tt wtttknttt and
If neglecttd It leads to
bronchitis, pneumonia
or consumption.
SC01TS KMtttJUON !■ tbeniw
Mi Mf-t rrmoiy far caagbo Mi
-twUebecawseH rtHewMhctranWt
Mi strength-ma tbt whole system
toa-roM alcktMM aiM low of time.
wt&fy* ffirfv&T #wiwwf wmnp
MMf* MMHiMI #PNa P9omtm mfttt
wLW9ft0f &W9tmWW9*W$*
Wwwr ifrinM«t him It
IhtenoasM
The mines have been going half-
:lmo for a considerable period, but the
prospects are looking still more
gloomy, as botli mines were Idle yes-
fprday (Monday). This winter Is the
worst iu the history of mining in this
locality as for tbe full year past there
hns only been one full month's work
(In November) and what with the ma-
Jor portion or tho winter past, there
Is no holies of it picking up nny, but
flip likelihood Is that It will get worse.
Tlm fcnllng was that »ooln« the awe-
ment terminated this year that work
would have gone on steadily till thut
time.
Vice-President Graham and 1). lice*,
International Board Member, attended
the regular meeting or Locul 571 held
Wednesday. Jan. 13th, and fully covered the working of the organization us
u whole and how It had been effected
by the numerous strikes It bad undergone during during the past year.
They left tbe following day for Chinook
and -Coalhtirat.
At ;» special meeting held Sunday
last, a wale committee was appointed
lo go over the agreement and report
m some future meeting before the convention to be held nest month.
Mrs J. Stevenson has returned -home
from Halt Hospital, wbore she has
undergone an operation.
Oar old friend Karl Theorodovlch,
iste International Organiser, ta now
In hospital, wh«»r*» he underwent »
*m«B* operation la*? *e*k. We are
pleased to know he Is doing well. Mrs,
I Tlic-omdovttah b»* alfr$ bttn Uktr.
tmn the tia«j»I»a! and op#nitfl »»:»»»
Hht-.too. Is progressing favorably,       -
l*rep«*ratk»N* have been mnt* today
i« r***lr* ttenml Hnm Hughe*, who
Is expected fo bc In thc eity tomorrow (Wednesday).
Kaleta, B. Bargmaski, J. Kubic, Joe
Potgormic, Nick Joy. Sam Joy, Joe
Truba, A. Frolic Martin Kosik, Paris
Barretelli, Ed. Wyynne, E. D. Tre-
hearne, Paul Barretelli, A. Peruchi, .1.
Bergmaski, J. Clarke, Charles ,Minigg,
R. J. Re-burn, and. John Mauluck, 50c.
each. Charles Graham, $2.50. E. E.
Chandler, -Mr. Hobart, and Jack Johnson, 75c. each. A. Atkins, 45c. iMike
Farris, 40c. B. Luchak, James Dobie,
John Oastelli, Martin Kubic, Steve
Barotiic, John Teracki and John Krw-
enskl, 25c. each, -.Making a total of
$54.85.   : «
The  following donated  goods:   Mr.
Jones, F, Haines. J. Barnes.
♦ HILLCREST ♦
♦ ' .♦
The mines here worked two days
last week and we understand that is
to be our share for some considerable
time, and iu the face of that some of
our young folks will venture on the
sea of matrimony. Great preparations
are in progress for a wedding next
week and large quantities of good
things for those who will be fortunate
enough to get an invite are being gathered, including two dray loads of
beer and lots of eats.
A large committee of botli sexes
are working hard to make a success
of the concert and dance on Wednesday next In aid of Chas. Beaver who
has been off work about three years,
sreat time is expected as a number of
artists from surrounding districts are
billed to appear. A dance follows
the concert.
We are pleased to hear that D.
Thomas ls home again from hospital,
having safely undergone a dangerous
operation. We wish him a speedy recovery.
We are also pleased to see J. Howard back to work again.
Two of our boys have joined the
colors. One was paraded on Monday
and will shortly leave for the front.
Nell McMullen Joined the R. X. W. M.
P.  and  left on   Monday  for  Regina.
T. McCutcheo^, got the contract to
build the office for our local secretary
adjoining the Union Hall. We shall
soon get things" into shape.
We understand General Manager J.
nfOW««!s-aM,ay^fr©m-4i©me-iT}4nir"to"
secure orders fof opr product.
Church Notices
Methodist -Church—Services Sunday
2.30 and 7.30 p.m. Friday, 7 p.m.,
choir practice. Wednesday evening,
"Naval Talks."
Presbyterian Churcn—-Services Sunday, 2.30 and  7.30.   Speaker—supply.
Financial Statement of Christmas Tree
Receipts
Fort Steel Brewery  $ 25.00
W. It. Ross      10.00
C, J.  Buhrer        5.00
W. A. Ingram     10.00
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ . ♦
♦ ♦ ♦"♦ ♦*•*♦♦♦♦♦'♦
The mines were idle from 3 p.m.
Friday until 7 a.m. Monday.
Saturday last being -pay day a large
number journey to Fernie.
We have been repeatedly asked
when Is the new mayor of Fernie
holding his "At Home"? Get busy,
Thomas.
Tom France'.arrived home from hospital on Friday last, and-'although being far from right, are pleased to
report favorable progress.
An extraordinary general meeting
of the club members was held Sunday
evening, when It was necessary to
elect a treasurer; in place of It. Johnstone (resigned). There were seven
candidates, which were eventually cut
down to three, and finally balloted
on.     8am Heaney was elected.
The L. O. O. M. are holding a uoclal
on Monday, February 1st, nnd all
members nre Invited to bring alontt a
friend.
"Sunny" arrived back In cnmp Tuesday after a brief sojourn In the Windy
City as a metnlwr of Hie R.X.W.M.P.
Wm. It. Puckey represented the
Creok "fanciers" at the meeting of
the newly established iioultry association In Fertile.
A concert" and dance will tie b*U
In tho Club on Wednesday. Feb. 10.
}vrwt<Mls M hi- duottd to tht rtlld ui
Win. T. Bennett and family.   A strong!
working eomniltteo hat 'been appoint-'
Pur-! I
...     5.00r
W. -S. Greenhill 	
5.n0
W. R. Wilson 	
...    .15.00
I). Shanks	
...      3.00
...      2.00i
...    "2.50!
...      1.00
...      1.00
Rugby Football Club ......
...    10.00
...      1.00
...        .50
...25.00
B;   Caufield	
...    10.00
.I.K. Smith	
..*.*-.   5.00
...    n.oo
...    5.00
.1. Shanks, Brazeau .......
...     ,5.00!
...      2.00J
...      3.00!
D. -Martin	
2.50
...      2.00!
II. Hartley  	
...      2.00i
...       2.00;
...      1.00!
...     I.OOi
One Woman's Opinion.
"I have been asked what kind of advertisements
influence me most. Unquestionably, the ones I
read in our own local paper. I read that paper
when I am at home and thinking about household
affairs. When I am away, my mind is fully occupied with other things.
Perhaps I do see bill board and street car advertisements, but I certainly do not remember
them. The advertisements that attract me most
in the home paper are the ones that give real
news, such as prices, styles and particulars of
quality."
It pays to advertise intelligently in the home
paper.
KH3B3
8WHFS!
Ssjiaffiiaffiiiaifflai
J. W. Jones .
J.   Moore   ...
D. Fowler ..
W.  Davidson
1.00!
1.00 j
1.00 j
.50:
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation  In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Oate — Every    Convenience-
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES  AND GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
Total ,- |170.50 i
Expenditure
Trites-AVood, toys and candles
Balance In  hand   	
1
HT.srJ
22.05i
"$17O0T
KNOX CHURCH, FERNIE
Sunday, Jan. 24, 11 a.m.. "God's I
Large Places": 7.30 p.m:. "The Mould!
of Character"; 2.30 Sunday school.;
Wednesday. 7.30 p.m., prayer meeting, j
Thursday, 7.45 p.m., Thoughtful Work-!
ers.   W. J. MacQuarrle, B. A.
A writer Rays "The guarantee of!
Belgium's neutrality rested upon the!
honor of the great signatory powers." j
Anything that rests upon the "honor"!
or a capitalist government Is In n -btid •
fix.
H. G. GOODEVE GO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware
Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret and at bottom prices. Call, write, phone or wire. All orders given
prompt attention. '
If you are satisfied, tell others.    If not satisfied, tell us.
Coleman
Alberta
the F. M. THOMPSON Co.
The   Quality   Store
Are offering at COST  PRICE for
Cash the following lines
W"rf>^V«^S#VS/V*S««^-*^^N<N*W»V%*^*S^^
y^WM>^<VVMWWWSl^%M^WWWWW<WW»WWWW<MWSM»ArVSi-^^
-*
I
™" WALDORF
Mrt. 8. Jfcnningt, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
Hnvo you oaten « la < *artc* af
the WaMoif, over a hundred
and flftv com'Hi'H t" wleet
fnnn.    Hervive Day tk Sight
CORtIM NOTIt
ed and a good time Is assured,
tlmr partlrulsrs later. j
tne Coal Creek Football Club are;
holding a grand smoker Kalurday even- i
log, Jan. 23, In the club. Medals wtll I
be presented to players *»n?ltl-wi to!
save.
A lOlinri ua* lu-ld al tilt- Methodist;
Hiitr-ch on Tm-mlsy r-rentna la*!. Hev,
1.1, HummIIi-v in tlif ilidir   Hont* <*t>reI
irondered by Messr*. Hsviditon, Utx-
\mnr*, Horn*' unil Mef'ftiirt, alto Mes-
I dames IVro. Me-Court. Hnghts Young |
nnd -.Mart-h-im      lie dr"n:if»*r port'on
I of tb* prosram was h*»»:lled bj  Mr.
Sioflt, M',**■■-,-' v.. ,loj<*'. II   VoiiriK an I
II. MHit-hnni, who \wrtarm*tl their re-
«p«<,'t|VH  imrlM  ffeiltoliiy.,      The  N'»
tional Arithi-i;i on* the finsic.
mr <n«r;» oi t%*   »o>»   in *itnr-i%
.i**, ■* .'ii.'ii.i u,  un   i.t  11., -.an-* ii>-»*ite
iun    iimi   tnnthly   A\n*t*<:,*t*l. I'm
T*'*   n«i»t.''ii{«i>r   fo*r   $1*14   -«'.««*.,   vihij''"?
TO«WBt«l  <'t*t>r hevi   n>*ultod as fol-'2
ftftfttmb   Itll
r ^   . ^ .,  ,     , ,.       i'°*»:   TIl'lH'f   Nil    IRH.   Hill'll.    Sk..'J'tl>\
4. tonm n\4 Horiou and John Wain*- r*-*|ier.|
Jarae* l4f><a»t<-r. %X«0, Frank Itop,-t|*»P|i
Wm, lljarfa. A. Vttonti. W. tte-isart,    j**. Mlic-hfll Is n»nfin-^t to b*4 mt
i»fie   «illlmon>.   «Seo    Vmttn,   Matt f#rtnt tmm appcndkltia.     W.   *uh
l.)nch, W». Wklte, W». MoBt*li»Ui, mr, » .^.j, mmery.
tleo. rasies. Tkoa flarke. Vtnnn 9toy,'<    Tom Hum** fi.i* Mr tbt* mm-. »i-m
ttitlint  W'ntnon, Tho*. itajt, t.  mi. t inn mnttrb a position at Mleh«l
8a MKN'S SWKATKU COATS, all this M-iiMiii'H koihU; nil *m/-'s uiul u full HNMirlinent of
oolnni.    Pricufi from   $1.10 to $4.25
Ud MKN'S t'AI'H, NplcnHkt unsortiiieii ; i«"/iiliir *1.(hi io ♦l,i.*». now ,.,. 75c. $1 and $1.38
MKN'S IIKAVV XATUHAb WOOli liiUiii-.O l'M»hli\VKAK. jmt Kiir.niMii  86c.
KTANKIKM) Heavy iiroy Wool UNDKItWKAIt. |«-r vrnrmont  $1.30
KI.KKrK.|.IXKII rXDKHWKAH, |«>r aiiit 95c.
M;:\'S IIKAVV MACKINAW iiihI HKIN COAT*, from    $3.65
111 MKN'S All-wool SltiKR MACKIN *\\ Silt UTS: ny. -4:1 ■'»<». Must li«.,.|«.;,r«|..   $2.40
l.'i LAOIKS' SWKATKR COATS; imv,«. nrry. I.ihwh mnl ,..;..-,-»n    Thi* w;im»ii'n itinhIr.
Kr.tui , $1.45 to $3.30
I.ADIKS' WOOL AVIATION CACS .--.-I ItnWKTS. 1'nnn 60c up
UMml.v I..MUKS' and MJSSKS' ('OATH, from  $3,45 to $0,40
TIhm* will !m» -fl»**art»i| Ih-'Io-a* 4-«»*t.
i-imi.ium'.vm vks'Ts,i.,<i »>':r^'ri? • '     :■■■'!<- ■• 5>
MISSI-V 1 iiMIUN'ATlMNK faun        •So.
INFANTS" All w0.1I Knit IJOMI'KHS; *m«. .lurk .i.loi>; \*>r\ w»irm mimI iu*l wluii IIhI».v
fv-.U.      I'Vom       $1**10
ItoYS' lKmbU-lH'nwn.1 KKKKKH COATS,     Krom .,      . ...   $2.45
*,\ t-tivi<- i*t-tapf   *' * ** OK ....  *r  et  IX*
*•"*'***'»•*•
,,m -,,. > I.*   .> v* (|,.% { i.i%.> ..uii ,^i*i i,.i'i i.U '•> 1',* i ■',"**-■ I' ■'• 'I'm '. tn, *■.,. ' > tii*., iv -|i.£w
HOYS' Mwmi« mul Allwmil COMHIN ATIt»NS;l.irirc «!/.••<« only ;2n to 42 tn at 78e ft $1.60
Tbt nbove art all clean, new Btock, but wt have too many.    Oomt right along and
male* your own choice     Buy at C081 PRICE FOR CASH
MKN'S. K.MHKK*, IMiYS'. MISSES* „,,.! rlHMis' SUtiKS at V, V.v (Vol  IUlM»ti»»
for Kahili*.- of inonlli      The*** iiK-hi if «'iio- *•<■» SjM'intr I.iim-*.
MKN'S ami IIOV-H" Oil Tim SIIOKPA   KS  fi„i«  $140 to $1.76
MKV S IIKAVV HCUllKHS    Vr.m $1.65
8
Mr. M.*cft«*f, A-ffArew Vntnn, A  Tnil.a. *    w,-,'*f„r».*, m***it-<, fn  ,,*>,,•,„
,)i-i-i -
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Wm, Knltbi, H ««T%rU. Tenj noiittrnr'y,-nuy eventi*. Uu. mi,
Tew Ifotorar, Was. Walktr,   R.   J.     Jm m«*M»Iir t» r»»«f#t i» tia«»|.j
rutb*, B, CansT, Jack. Intbeom. Aa-,ui dortas im wmb-amA to ontemot
g-f.M Hloinbt, tk Vt'tttb, T. mrnn, awt.'.rt-i«*«,*$. tot rvrnvm \
\\W,* tU\L Iim rartt   l\an„-ttmmUnJ,    mtbnt   1*   'a^rwi-i'tia*   it   M'**'
n !«5
ntttttf  i-.<*
,. *' .** 99
nt'itftn'U-vn
ice Krkaat}-. Ttmy Kacmaa. Mm tttt.kjr»*:r.**---■*  *t'""*t ■»*.-■...•,,  nirpiu
n. $rb*ntfl. A-   M.  .Wl«». XXbntu\hi*4 tm lf#i»^*.j «.» W*4n*tdey.
The
Phone 25, BLAIRMORE, Alta.
Store That SAVES You  Money
¥v
^'1
«*'j *> .1 .»** M'.mmmmmmmMmm:*,mrwmxxm FHgeSIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., JANUARY 23, 1915.
ajaaia®
The Verdict: Coward or
Hero - A True
flgfigsaBigfiaflajgjgjgjf^^
By Allen Clarke
Ja tliat sweetest and sunniest region
of Lancashire known as "The Fylde"
or field, quite a delightfully different
world from the grimy factory parts ot
tie same county—at a farm on the
banks of the river Wyre (which means
the .bright water), there dwelt with his
parents, a young man of twenty years
named Luke Hamfbleton. He was a
fine healthy fellow, and, a matter
worth note, was rather more studious
than the aiajority of agricultural workers. He liked books, and wished to
'learn something of the rest of the
planet beyond his small rural sphere.
He was also a member of the Fylde
Territorials. At the time he joined
he had not thought much, about the
event. The nation was at peace;
there was not the faintest sign or hint
ot war. Drilling and camping with
the .Territorials would be fun and exercise and change. That was how
be looked at it.
Still perhaps he would never have
joined but for the vicar. Tlie vicar, in
a sermon on Sunday, declared that it
was every young man's duty to train
in arms, so as to be ready to 'defend
his country if need arose. Then the
vicar personally pressed Luke to join
th Territorials; and the lad; without
thinking anything about the affair at
all, enrolled, and soon became one of
the smartest men in his company.
That was a year before there was
any shadow of war in the sky.
Ia the Juno of the next year, five or
six weeks before the war broke out,
there wandered along the banks of the
Wyre, tn search of the picturesque for
painting, an artist from- -Manchester;
a jolly, middle aged Bohemian, with
advanced views on most questions, and
very democratic sympathies. Indeed,
he was a -Socialist, and heart and soul
for the -brotherhood of man.
The artist put up for a couple of
nights at Ford Farm, which was the
name of Luke'B abode, and spent three
days taking sketches or painting on
the tanks of the river, where Luke
bad a good chat with him one afternoon, and listened, enchanted, as one
beholding a vision of a beautiful new
earth, while the artist talked of fellowship and International brotherhood,
and the end of strife and- war.   The
TnQ^igelrtpp^tfiej^ui^iMn'OourT
this was the revelation he had unconsciously been Becking for years.
Hie artist lent the young man some
Books, told him of others, and introduced him to the Socialist and Democratic Labor publications. When he
went away he gave Luke one of Toi-
•toy's llttlo books about the evils of
war.
Tolstoy appealed to the farm lad.
The great Russian writer held him as
a devoted -disciple. Luke saw clearly
all the folly and horror of war. He
saw, aa Tolstoy preached, that It was
ntterly natl-Chrlstlan: and, being of
a truly religious nature, felt that he
east have nothing to do with it. Why
Hi nilnlaters support war. seeing that
it wsa alt against Christ's teaching?
Why had the vicar urged Mm to join-
Uie Territorials and learn the trade or
war?
-However, that did not matter much.
There waa no war now, nor any likelihood of any. And, as Territorial
service no longer squared with his
awakened conscience, be would leavo
the regiment as soon as he oould.
Then came the thunderbolt. Britain
slllod with Prance snd Russia, started
to war status' Germany.
UrWatn will need all her sons for
Uio !l,tht," .<4*d thu vlc.ii', culllnu ui.i-t.ti
(Me, and mwtlng bim In the farmyard. "I suppose I M-Msi'.-i't ask yen
If you ara willing to voluntwr for the
front You'll do your duty, I know,
for king and country."
Luke said nothing. The vicar took
the lad'a silence as consent, but he certainly thought Luke might have been
mora enihiwla-etk'.
In the evening of that day Luke met
Jenny Eccleston in .the village street
—on the bridge over the river—a mille
from the farm where he lived.
Jenny Eccleston was glorious to
look upon-i—at least, so Luke thought,!
and he was not by himself in that opinion. Jenny had also the voice of an
angel—so Luke thought, and many
others fully endorsed that view—and
was in the church choir. In short,
Luke was iu love with Jenny Eccleston, and meant, someday, to ask her
to be his bride! Jenny knew this,
though as yet there had not been any
great love-making betwixt them.
"Our Tom's going to the war," said
Jenny—her brother Tom was also in
the Territorials. "1 reckon you'll be
going too, Luke?"
"Xot yet," said Luke, "I'm considering."
"What is there to consider?" asked
Jenny. "Those wicked Germans are
sl.iying and destroying and wanting to
invade England. We must stop tliem.
Kvery man who is able to fight ought
to go to the front."
"[ think all war is murder and robbery," said Luke. "It is not right. It
is not Clvlstlan."
"What are you talking about?" asked Jenny. "Are you afraid to go?
Shall I present you with a white feather?"
"Oh, Jenny, you don't understand."
said Luke.
"And I don't want to'.neither," said
Jenny, contemptuously. "I only know
that you decline to go and fight for
your oountry. That's enough for me.
I have done with you."
"Let me explain," cried Luke.
"No, I have finished, witb you," and
off Jenny rushed, leaving Luike standing dejected on the old stone bridge
over the Jilver.
So passes Jenny Eccleston out of
this episode, but we may have the
story of her fate some other time.
Luke walked slowly home along the
riverbank. He waa miserable, but he
felt that he. was right. He would- not
go to shoot fellowmen who had done
'aim no harm—men forced or tricked
by their rulers into this ghastly -business of slaying one another in regiments.
Hut it was hard to have Jenny's
scorn, and to lose her. For he felt
TBaFsheHwas losfT*Olra"forever now.
When he reached- home, his mother
said: "The vicar has been here and
put thy naime down to go to the war."
"And what do you think of It, mother?"
"Eh, lad, I think It's an awful thing,
but I guess It -can't be helped," said
Mrs. Hatdbleton. "I suppose It's thy
duty to go."
"-Good night, mother," said poor
Luke, and wont off to bed.
In tho morning, when -Mrs. Hamble-
ton was preparing the breakfast, she
Inquired for Luke. "I've not seen him
this morning." she said to her husband, 'tl don't think he's got up yet.
and aa a rule he's up first. -Perhaps
Wn ill."
She called at the foot of the stairs,
but there was no response. Sho went
up to see.    Luke's bed was empty.
Her husband went to look for tho
lad. He found him lying dead- in a
corner of the big barn. Beside bim
was hia Territorial rifle. He hnd
fixed the barrel in bis mouth, and pull-
oil tho trigger with his toot.
The coroner's Inquest, after hearing
the wfcnetaea—ths vicar, the lad's par
anta, and the girl Jenny gave verdict
to tho effect that the young nun had
committed suicide rather than go to
war. The corouer, totally unacquainted with the higher heroisms, said' it
wss the act of a coward; snd thus was
liUko Hambleton branded ln that
oountry-sido and his memory held a
shame to bis kindred.
As It was a verdict of felo-de-se—
deliberate self-slaughter, no temporary
Insanity in this case—the vtoar, who
would have been terribly Indignant
PUERILITIES  OF  PATRIOTISM
if you had suggested that he was not
a good Christian—refused to let the
poor lad's body be interred in what is
specially labelled as "consecrated
ground."
So, in the tragic ironies so -common
in this ignorant world, the young man
who was hero enough to die rather
than kill others, who was martyr
enough to perish raither -than desert
Christ, was denied "Christian" burial
by "Christians" who outrage Christ's
gospel every day of their lives, and
now sleeps—none the less serenely because of the Church's excommunication—in an unmarked grave in a field
on tho bank of the river whose waters
flow by murmuring "Peace." — The
Young Socialist.
the writings of; these men, it is not difficult to arrive, at a oonchistdn."
SOME DIFFICULTIES ARE
CROPPING UP
Compensation    Board    Have    Several
Curious Problems to Unravel
Now that the Workmen's Compensation Commission has settled down
to its work they find that there are
many little difficulties cropping up
which probably only alterations ln the
Act Itself can set right. Already in
the list of applicants for compensation
there Is one Italian with no family
here and another man whose dependents live in the Province of Quebec.
The latter is a lumberman and the lura-
erlng trade is not covered by the Quebec Workmen's Compensation measure. Then there is t-he question of
a man injured while in the employ of
some steamship line which does business on both sides of the border.
The Com-misskmers themselves do
not feel inclined -to quarrel over any
question of compensation going outside the Province as the fact that
tbe employers of such Injured men
fall under the workings of the Ontario Act Is, in their opinion, sufficient to justify the payment of the
compensation to his dependants regardless of where they may .reside.
The question of men Injured on boats
plying -between ports . in New York
State and Ontario where each has a
Workmen's -Compensatiion Act on its
statute books may, however, lead to
some difficulty. The question of whe-
ther the injured man Ib hurt while In
"G-ower—Go;  you "are'■'* counterfeit,
cowardly -knave. -Will you mock at
an ancient institution, began upon
an honorable respect, and worn as a
trophy of pre-deceased valour, and
dare not avouch ,in your deeds any
of your words?  J have seen    you
gleeking and galling at this gentleman twice or^thrlce.     You thought
'because he could not speak Knglfrh
!in*the native garb,   he   could n-ot
therefore handle an English cudgel;
you find it otherwise;  and hence-
let a Welsh correction teach yoa a
good English condition.     Fare ye
well.—Shakespeare's "Henry V."
The   above   severe   admonition   is
handed out to the braggart .Pistol, who
had" been mocking at the leek which
the Welsh sold-ier, Fluellen, wore in his
cap in honor of St. David's Day.    The
Welshman cudgeled him for his impertinence until he begged to Ibe let oft
after eating a piece of the emblem he
had mocked at.
But the Idea of mocking at "honorable" badges still survives to this
dny, and not necessarily with "counter-
felt cowardly knaves," either. The
people that do it may be brave enough,
even if they stand no chance of being
cudgeled. They are -simply grown-up
persons, driven back to puerility and
childishness by war.
Over in the streets of London today
you can buy a replica of the -German
Iron Cross for a penny from multitudes of fakers. The factories are turning them out in carloads, for.iron has
the virtue of being cheap.
When you buy an Iron Cross, however, you do not do so as a memento
of German "valour." You are expected to decorate your dog with lt, or
hang it on a pig, or a Ibroken-down
horse, if you don't happen to own a
dog.
And in Berlin they are selling the
Victoria Crosses, the precious emblems that are lssued'7'for valour"—
British valor—and Orders of the Garter, the badge of royal favor In Britain,
and multitudes of German bow-wows
are trotting through the streets of
Berlin and other German cities decorated with these emblems, which
oan, as In England, be bought for a
penny or two from almost any street
faker.
Seems -silly, doesn't It? But, just
the same, is the highest expression of
"patriotism" that millions are capable
of.
The' war has been described) as organized Insanity by many prominent
persons, especially those living in
countries which are "neutral." Even
the German Crown Prince is said to
have declared It "stupid-, senseless
and unnecessary."    A*.	
Labor Leader Also Quoted
Numerous extracts from the Labor
Leader are given, and in big Ted type
we find that glorious passage from the
war manifesto of the. Independent Labor party, "Out of the darkness ani
depth we hail our working class Comrades of every land. -Across the roar
of guns -we send sympathy and- greeting to the German Socialist Thev
have labored unceasingly to .promote
good relations with Britain, as we with
Germany. They are no enemies of
ours, but faithful friends."
v As another example of the literature distributed at the meetings of
our iBrltish Comrades the following is
cited:
"Your King and country need you!
Go fof-th, little soldier! - Though you
may not know what you fight for—go
forth! Though ye liave no grievance
against your German brother—io forth
and kill him! Though you may know
he has a .wife and family dependent
upon him—go forth and slay him; he
is only a German dog. Will he not
kill you if he gets a chance? Of course
he will.
fine has never been.pa-id,' and will
never be -paid, and the -bosses.know tt.
They know also that -they cannot gaol
13,00 miners.-—'B: C. ".Fed-aratioaist,
THE POWER OF.UNIONISM
By Robert'Hunter
There is another form of unity no
less'important than the two previous
forms of unity dealt with.
The problems that confront, the
working class -are not only economic,
they are also political.
So long as Ijabor allows its employers to make tbe laws, to control
the militias and the courts, there, is
little hope for -Labor.
-So long as the bosses make the law
their acts will be legal, while many
of Labor's aiots will.be illegal.
Labor may be right and Capital may
be wrong, yet according to the law
of the masters Laibor in revolt will be
considered an outlaw tbat can -be shot
down at the will of the master.
.That's why Labor now faces Injunctions, antl-picketing and anti-boycott
laws.
That's why it must face  damage
He is ibeing toM the same|flults> fellow 8ervant clauses, aseum-
story!    His   King  and   country need
an American port or a Canadian dock
is not considered to be of paramount
importance in- the awarding of compensation, but it is suggested that a
man Injured In tho employ of a firm
carrying on -business In both countries
might, of his own accord, select the
Act under which he preferred to receive compensation.—-Toronto Dally
New*.
him!"
To crown their effort the authors
of (he red leaflet cite in full the nation program of the Workers* -National
Committee, a body formed at the beginning of the war from representatives of practically all the Socialist
and labor organizations of Great -Britain for the purpose of safe-guarding
the workers' interests during these
chaotic times.
The Socialist Catechism
The program contains a good many
Socialist demands which are likely to
make many, folks tremble for their future harvest of divinely ordained profits, rents and interests. Thus the
committee demands "the management
and development of home grown food
supplies by the National Organization
of Agriculture." This demand is not
only Socialistic, but also truly patriotic. -For,' If Great Britain managed
and developed Its own agriculture so
as to produce the foodstuffs consumed
by its people instead of Importing the
greater part, it would immensely
strengthen its defensive position. Anyone can see that. But where would
Lord Abinger and his rich clients be?
'The war whoop uttered by the -Anti-
Socialist Union shows that our Comrades in Great Britain are alive and
doing great things. They can present the above letter as a very convincing letter ot recommendation.
iBut the fact remains that if our
wretched irrational economic system
did not drive people insane, they
would not mock at honorable traditions, and worse still; they would not
murder one another.
AUSTRALIAN COAL MINERS
GET AN INJUNCTION
Carpenters Want Building Trader Organized on Industrial Baa's
fThe world generally measures n
man's goodness -by bis ability to "pay
his bills."
Wait Whoop of
Anti-Socialism
The   "Fallacies"   of   Revolutionary
Wtrking Class  Exposed—British
Lord Does It
By J. Kooitgen
The courageous attitude taikea by
tho -British Independent Labor Party
and other Socialists ot Great Britain
has provided the Antl-Soclallst Union
of Great Britain, an organisation
whioh for years has found it a profitable business to turn the fears of plutocrats Into hard cash, with an opportunity of organising another boom.
This may bo news to our British Comrades, but they will hardly be not-
prised at IL The evidence for Ita
trustwonblneia \itt bcloro mc In the
shape of two documents which a considerate wind blew on the desk of the
New .York Volkuoitung. The first Is
a letter, dated December 9, mt, It-
sued from SS Victoria Street. West
tv mister, and signed by Lord Abinger,
the treasurer of tbe Antl«octalist
Union of Great Britain.
It reads •• follows:
"Dear 8lr,—I fully realise that you
sre overwhelmed with appeals for
patriotic funds and other porpo****
yet f venture to ask yon to continue
your contribution to the Antl-Soclallst
Union.
"As soon aa war was declared ve
dosed down our active campaign, In
the hope Uul alt parties would sup
port ihe government In the time of n
i. national crisis.    Tike Soetellat parties
Tbo accompanying leaflet Ss printed
In red—-the warning signal that dad
ger ls ahead, It beam the title "The
enemy in our mldet. What the Socialists are saying and doing."
"Pew are aware," It states, "that
meetings are being held not only in
London, but in the provinces, -condemning the war as unjuet, unneoes-
nary, and only a war for the benefit
of the capitalist class. Large quan-
title* of literature have been distributed In the industrial center*."
Here are aome ot ibe hair raising
sayings of British Comrades quoted
In tbe red leaflet. A speaker at an
open-air meeting held at Beat HIII,
Wand*north (UndoaJ. it reported aa
hiving eald on September SS: "1 do
not believe in fUatehford'e pamphlet,
aad never did. Th* war Is an unjust
war, and a war of the powers for
commercial ascendency."
•Tis tad Indeed!
This It Indeed shocking newt from
London. But Manchester Soetaltet*
nre every bit at bad. At a meeting
held at Tib Lane, Meneheeter, a Socialist said, at reported by our friend, the
enemy.* "The war wat deliberately entered lato, tmt to protect the working
classes of the British Km-plre. (wt to
promote the Interest of tk* privileged
classes, and parttealarly thot* who
were oonneoted with the maaafaeture
ot army and navy requirement*.
SYDNEY, N. & W.—The bosses of
the <jo«l mines that moved to have the
Miners' Federation fined for aiding the
miners on strike over the afternoon
shift, are finding out that the miners
can use the law Just as well as they
can. -Last week the miners got an injunction to stop the -Mine Employers'
Federation from proceeding further
with -the prosecution against the miners, alto to stop the tines -being paid,
pending a further enquiry into the
matter. .
I don't know what tho miners have-
up their sleeves, but by all account*
they have a trump card to play. At
any rate they have got an Injunction,
putting off all action against them
until nex* March, 1M6, By that time
the afternoon shift will, I hope, be a
thing of the past, and the miner* will
have won their case, and the ownert
will havo, in a word, "missed the 'bo»."
Carpenters Want Industrialism
A big movement ha* been started by
the Progressive Carpenters' Union ln
N. a. Wales to form a Building Trade*
Union. It It intended to approach
other unlont concerned with regard to
organising branches throughout the
oountry dittrict*. In centra* where
there are not enough men to form
branchee of the itcpoettve union* It I*
Intended to embrace them all under
the new body, yet still have them gov*
eroed by the award* under which they
work at prueeot. Th* matter of tlu.
ance* ha* not-been fully discussed, but
the movement It being taken up by the
unlont with Alacrity.
Railwayman and Laborer*
Th* Railway Worker* and Oaoeral
Uborert' As-socUWon has been registered under the Commonwealth -Arbitration *et Arraagement* are now being made to link ap tke various *t*«*e
and orgaalaert art leaving fer Queensland. Victoria aad Tawnaala to thl*
weekend, This proasleet lo be a very
formidable union la Um near future.
I1S.S0O rise N«v*r Will B* P«ld
Tb* secretary of tke Labor Iteration of Aaatrataela tells bm that the
atrftte wit* tk* miner* at Newcaat'e
and MalUaod over Ue afternoon skill
•till cohtiatM*.  Both sides are deter-
ed risks, and all the other legal devices
which now allow the employers to rob
the workers of limbs, health, and ot
life, without compensation.
That's why the workers now see
their country, and cities ruled and robbed by public service corporations, by
monopolies, and by trusts.
That's why the workers must watch
he'plcssly their country -being nobbed cf its resources to build- up the
lioyter of those who opporess Labor.
Until the workers build up their own
political union the great political parties, often controlled by crooks and
grafters, will sell themselves to those
who can pay the price they demand,
liefore .llie \a?t political -power whioli
they swing the workers are today helpless.
It Is only common sense, therefore,
that as you strike together and buy together so you must vote together.
Need this be said again and again?
Need we shout it from the housetops'
and plead even with labor leaders to
believe it?
Why the thing is as simple as the
nose on your face.    It is a lesson that
has been learned by all the workers in
the world.    The Germans, with their
millions of political unionists, the English, -the (Belgians, the -French, the Italians, the Austrians and the Finns all
know that they must vote ae a unit.
|   At least eleven millions ot men In
I the world today have now learned the
power of this new unity. .
j    Beware, therefore, of that man who
says that you need ONLY havo unity.
in~*UiV"*snop:
Beware of that man who says that
you need ONLY have unity aB buyers.
•Beware of that man who says that
you need ONLY, have unity at the
polls.
The workers roust,realise the power
of unity. They must see vividly its
value. They must exercise It from
tbe moment they rise In the morning
until they lie down to sleep at night.
They must strive with all their power to be brothers with all those who
How Zam-Buk
Cures "Skin
Diseases
'A*soon as applied, Zam-B»t
penetrates right to the very
root of the disease aod kills
the cause thereof. The rich
■herbal essences then so stimulate the cells below the surface
that new healthy tissue i*
formed, which, as It-grows*
forces out the diseased tlssoe-
Zam-Bukcures from the bottom
up. . This is the reason .that
sores and skiii diseases.cured,
by Zam-Buk, do not return; -
Zam-Buk 1* entirely differ*
X ent-from all other olntavfuts.-
It does not contain harsh minerals, or poisonous coloring
matter. Nor does it cootatn
coarse'animal fat*; which* in a
short time; go rancid.... Zam-
Buk will keep indefinitely.
Many people have beencared
by Zam-Buk after having suffered years and spent hundreds
of dollars trying various remedies ini vain. If yon suffer from
any skin' disease or ' Injury,
benefit by the experiences of
other*. Try Zam-Buk first.
Don't trouble with nteless
remedies.
Zam-Buk is unequalled for
eczema, piles,  pimple*, cats,
burnt, bruises, cold sore*, frost
.bites, chapped hands, and all
skin diseases and Injuries.
We are so convinced-that a
trial of Zam-Buk will prove to
i you Its superiority, that we will
send you, a FREE TRIAL boa
on receipt of this article, n*me
of paper, and lc. stamp to pay
return, postage. Address Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto.
AU Dragalitt sad Stores «etl
Zam-Buk st Mc box
labor in.this and other lands.' This
means that the strong shall stead by
the weak, not forgetting that tho maay
weak render enormous help te the
strong, tl means that altogether la
oemtmon accord the weak aai th*
strong -In the world ot labor twill become the power that rule* tiie «ai-
verse. And remember it -moat' be the
unity, of all the workers in *lt tl.e
shops, at all the stores, and at ail tke
polls.
When the trade unionist tells you
that unity'in the shop is enough don't
believe him. When the iridttttrtat unionist tells you that unity Inthe strike
is enough, don't believe"him. -When
the Socialist tells you that unit}' at
the polls Is enough, don't bell-ova him. .
The unity of tabor must be full
and complete in all phase* of its activity.
One day there wilt be afctfbor -movement in America far bigger than anything yet dreamed of by the SflMallst
Party, the A. F. ot L., or the I. W. W.,
and that day will come when tbo nass-
ei^nCabofllafMhe'fiar^irer otira-
lonlsxn. In that day Labor -wlH rise
from a long sleep andlfees thi earth
with a new worid.—Atnericaa Socialist.
■»•?■""?'»<
If big armaments are a'guarantee of
peace, Europe should be the flftst
peaceful place this side of the pea-fly
gates.
Capitalism caret for the oapttaltst
and leaves It to him to care for tho,
worker—if It pays him to do IL
1ttttwetr** rerenl thn it******! na ne tw*
llporton* time to liwrease their aetlvl-1 rhlldwn deoenden? open them
"The men wbo have to do the work
ar* i wit j pnid and baity fed, and tw.ned tc so* the Uktag *** tmt lotta-
tbo** wfcn hex* men**** tw art*** ew*' eatmt** tm t-M *m**t   tbm* te em th*t*
wentUtd* fer everv dav that pa**** row
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is con*
sidered as an index: of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
Good Health.
of both Canada and tho
.1.1',   m-m      ....-.«.*
9^9,19* %*•*►■»«    »*»*^-***»
Tht government*
-        *.,     **■■''.*....- -»,■." -     **9^ _
ing food adulteration*. Maker* ara now forbid*
den to label an article "pure" that l» not juit ■■
repreaenttd.
It wt* tht HONEST manufacturer thtt worked to have these taws patted.
Whtn a manufacturer of food product* advertise* hit good* a* "pure," under tht prtttnt Can-
adian law*, they are really pure: von can depend
upon that It will pay you to Jat-ist upon tilt
tdvertfawd brand*. If you accept tubetitate* you
CANNOT bt ture.
ties, not only by -condemning the wer.
bnt by advocating the application of
So*'inltnm to al industry.
•eetallem Must •* "tapoeeeV
"If th*- etmttrr ta te ♦»*• ma** fwwn
a social involution when the European
•ar I* at aa ead, werfc must be doae
now and the fallacies of the Socialist
argument exposed.
"A glance at tbe Inclosed tartlet
will, 1 hope, convince yoa of tbe ne-
umA) U*t kiXitt* murk, Wi* am only
carry ea a campaign with the sapper!
oi oor eobeeribera.
The war will aot kill Socialism,
bat if tt !* negle-tfitd and allowed te
gmw der tag tht* crtala, it win become
a greater tneaaee than If. ba* ever
Year* truly,
"AtttH-tMi-W'
away with aad heart*. tMnktatot the I prove* tbat tbere I* no neeoaatty for
tb* afternoon *Mft.  1 thlah victory
in aaw vllaia aught.
The miner* ar* qwite Independent ot
it**- Prm rt^tft r*A*A*fh*m aw* w%»« *•
ate.**, tb* wineries *Md **▼* leet*
ed to Ibe miner*' reaaowM* rapeat*
to aboiiffc tbo afternoon *hlft tr*
working fall tlmo aad getting an Ik*
oriifrt. while tbo** wbo imve wm tntlrn
ta wi* tb* me* have leal* thtlr ttm*
Html* no*t Mt* not tamed * abeol
small amount of help tbey avoid receive from Oi* neb aad capital***
elass** tn whoso Interest* atone tbey
wer* *eneit*tt*4 in r!»t- tfcMv 1tr**t ne
fhe battlefield. And when tbey re-
Inrned—If ever «b*y did com* b*ek-
wbat bad tbey to look forward tot
Another tpeil of c*pUall*Uc eiplolU-
Ilea ef tbelr dlmlnehed labor power,
aad, la all probability, a pfae* Mi a
■*,if**y*joH»«< mul a pa-wper'a grave."       -
With tbo grwatet latef**t I lai*ed|f»?ov*r It
to the latest enenattiN cMHnttte* byj Tae very taet t0*t patoie «app*ta*
my Meads Keir tterii*, FUaway mm*
tiomM mt ttiwm CH****, t*«ftt **§•
ly dl«»pol»ttd. fm tke leaflet ealy
Inform* aa dutil "ta report* of lk«a*
ttlHdrfadoerl mmmm bmto nvmmtnt.
-am, mumm !***» im\,*~mi* ******imm bm»t*t»*bl» UiU*.   in*,asm*,*
If you want really high
Cm&b p4*iii«*iK"lhe kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
I
aro bei»* kept ap witftMt tb*
'Of tbe afuwaeea <«ft ytmrn
siveij Oat It caa ka aaeSaka*. K I*
ef At
JW^^^W*wl^^m*p  t^m
Ho am by Iwe*
ag=i'rr«:aata
The Dtstrtct Ledger
"QUALITY" PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :•:    Fernie, B. C.
m THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., JANUARY 23, 1915,
Page SEVEN
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc.
CURLING
Rocks and Brooms
Best quality.orify
Snowshoes
! r~7 .
'   In great variety
J, D, QUAIL
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A. Macnell S. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
FERNIE
B. C.
*, C. Laws
Alex. I. F*eher
LAWE A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B, C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our .Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break-
fast.   •
CA'.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56 Wood Street
" FERNIE. B. C.~
European Labor
End of the Year Conditions—Helping
Unemployed Painters-—Widespread
Schemes for Employing Women—
Peace and War Food Prices—Britain's Oldest Lattor Member of Parliament Retires—Postal Clerks at
the Front.
We Are Ready to Scratch
ott you' bill any Item of lumber aot
found Just aa we represented.  Tbere
:s no hocus pocua ln
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
fend you hemlock. When yon buy
rtrst-class lumber we don't slip is a
lot or culls. Those who buy once from
-is always come again. Those wbo
tiave not yet made our acquaintance
»re taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter if tbey bought their lumber
here.
LONDON, Dec. 24th, 1914
Writing on the verge of Christmas
Day  with  the  leading European nations   at   each  other's   throats   and
with the enemy's guns only recently
actually dropping shells on the roofs
of English seaside towns, it is a fine
thing to be able to record that economic conditions are good.    -The decrease  in  the  unemployment figures
lias gone on substantially, especially
during the last two months, until, so
far     as     engineering,    shipbuilding,
works  of  construction,  build-ing,  vehicle    making, and the  allied  trades*
are concerned, the position is better
than it was twelve months ago.     ln
this connection also it must be borne
In mind that 1913 was a boom year.
In certain  classes   of   the   -building
trade there is of course,   the usual
seasonal slackness,   hut   great   numbers   of   carpenters,   painters,   etc., I
who might otherwise have been unemployed, 'have found work with the
Government in the building of huts
for the vast numbers of soldiers now
fn training in this country.   Although
called huts, these are quite respectable buildings in which more than a
score of men can be comfortably housed, and which are well lighted, warmed and drained, where men like painters  are   still   feeling tlie   pinch  of
things all kinds of schemes are on
foot to employ them.    For one thing,
the local  school  authorities  in  various towns are putting in hand school
painting which would otherwise have
been held over until spring.   This example Is also being followed by private
householders.     In many towns there
is a plan now being carried out whereby people are having at least one room
In a house repalnteti.     The general
feeling, in fact, is all over the country
to lend a hand where there Is need.
War appears to have developed fellow-feeling to a remarkable extent.
the workroom, and state the course
should include instruction in needlework, simpte bome cookery, -home laundry work, and lectures on infant care
and hygiene. A certain number of
openings for older women can be found
by training them as sickroom helps.
A maintenance allowance of one dollar with meals to girls receiving instruction is recommended, but in special cases the-amount may be varied
according to the financial circumstances of her family.
LONDON, Dec. 31, 1914.
Writing on the last day of 1914
breeds a desire for looking backwards
following closely upon the heels of
which comes an almost equally strong
desire to look forward. Until che war
broke out the position of organized
labor in the United Kingdom was one
of uninterrupted progress. During the
last three years, in "fact, trade union
membership has increased enormously in this country, eaeb year furnishing a fresh record for all past time.
As has been frequently pointed out
in these columns, many things combined to bring about this splendid re-
With employment generally good
:ind with wages frequently higher than
usual, owing to the wording of overtime, the only point of comparison remaining .Is in connection witii  retail
list of some who -have gone to fight
has been very apiopriately sehsel upon
as expressiv-j of tie kind of w*-,h
everyone onforlains for the fa-cure.
.Many companies, firms and private
employers -have presented their -employees with rolls of honor, and in
some cases clubs have compiled the
names of their members wbo have answered the call, so that fellow-employees and fellow members may preserve 1
mementoes of the event and interesting records of comrades and friends.
The .Midland Hallway Company, which
has sent nearly 8,000 of its employees
to the forces, has issued its roll of
honor in a tastefully worded booklet,
which shows the numbers belonging to
the different departments who have
gone on 'nMiltary or naval service.
At   the   quarterly   meeting   of   the
Operative    Spinners'    Amalgamation,!
held in ..Manchester on December 20,
a resolution was passed confirming the
i suit.     First and foremost there was
I the steady spread of the feeling of! agreement with the Masters' -Federa-
solidarlty amongst the working class-! tion, that notices to cease wo~k should
es. Then there were the immense \ not be given by either organization
lights of the last three years, includ- i until the dispute from which they
ing such colossal things as tbe nation- j might arise has been dealt with by \><i
food prices. Something of a nation-j „i coni stri)iei the railway strike, the! two associations, both locally and cen-
il  survey  of these can  be obtained | shipping strike and  the dock strike, j trally.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
-MMWM-'iW&WW^
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. OlcNicholas,
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays-in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble   Grand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
.Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays ia
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.   H
a   Fern-ie,  Box 657.
from figures just published by the
Hoard of Trade. These show that
during November there was an advance of between two per cent, and
three per cent. Some increase iii
price was recorded for most of the
articles included in the returns, but
the only cases of an average Increase
exceeding three per cent were eggs,
ta, and fish, for. which the advances
twelve pe,r cent, and six per cent,
respectively. .Following the increased
duty the price paid for tea advanced
usually .by four or six cents per
patina, the average increase being
about four and a half cents in both
large and small towns. There were
further red-tictiops in the price of sugar, the decline averaging between two
per cent, and three per cent., and bacon and margarine showing a decrease of aboutone per cent. As compared with July, sugar and eggs show
the greatest advances.     The price of
These were practically all conflicts of j It will be remembered that the agree-'
a magnitude hitherto unknown, and j ment was suggested by Sir Geo. Ask-j
although they did not always end In ! with, the Government labor arbitrator,!
the clear-cut victory that waa so much
to be desired, they left the unions frequently stronger in every way and certainly always stronger in spirit. Just
what will be the effect of the war upon
this progressive upward movement is
not clear. For one thing, great numbers of trade unionists have now left
their occupations and are In ..the British Army. Some are already at the
front, whilst the,, great majority are
with their fellows of every class now
drilling, preparatory to taking the
field In the spring, when Kitchener's
new aVmies will for the first time go
into operation. These armies by that
time, -it is believed, will total close
upon two million men and the trade
unionist is there in his full proportion,
ami so far as several trades are concerned in more than his full proper
both average about two-thirds above {ion.   Practically  all  trade unionists
the level of July, but it should be re- joining the Army remain in benefit tn
KENNEDYS
One union tbat was very badly hit
by the war at the start was the National Union of Gasworkers and General Laborers of which the general secretary Is Will Thorne, Labor member
of Parliament. This union has a ver}'
varied membership as practically any
workman who Is not '«Vallable_fQr_ani
membered that the increase in the
price of eggs is partly due to seasonal
causes. Fish and imported meat are
also .much dearer. Potatoes alone
among the articles included are cheaper than in July. Combining the figures for all the articles Included and
allowing for their comparative importance in working class household expenditure, the average level off prices
at December was higher than that in
July by about seventeen per ceht. in
the large towns and fifteen per cent,
in the small towns and villages,
their unions whilst being relieved
from all or most of their dues. Except by way of death or disablement
there will, therefore, be no special
loss of membership from this cause.
 1.%"!
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
other union can join this one. It has
tx total membership of 103,452. Of
these members some 15,000 hare enlisted In the army. A. fairly large
number of the members are unemployed bnt tbls depends upon the district.
In Scotland, for example, very few
of the i),000 local members are affeo-
OFFICE AND YARD—MePhereon ave. ed, whilst In Lancashire the number
— Dealers In —
cumber, Lath, Shingles. Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
JJLe_lQllos^ngljuLnouu^nieniJii—r&-
Then with regard to hard times.
These. are not with us yet, if they
ever will be. They threatened in the
first week or two of August, but confidence has now been restored and, j
us readers of these columns will be ;
aware, positive booms prevail Innnany \
Industries from armament works and'
dockyards down to woollen mills and
on the ground that since the repudlu-j
tion of the Brooklands' agreement j
there had existed no arrangement beJ
tween the Masters' Federation and op-|
eratlves' societies for dealing with disputes. On both sides it was agreed
to be desirable that, at any rate for
the duration of the war, an informal
understanding should be come to
which would reduce the risk of strikes
or lock-outs to a minimum. During
the last month a wery similar agreement has been concluded by the employers with the Card-room Amalgamation, and so far as organization for the
prevention of unnecessary disputes is
concerned the cotton trade may now
be said lor all practical purposes to
be in the same position as when the
Brooklands" Agreement was still !n
force.
In the case of the operative spinners there was already in existence,
dating from the time of the Mossley
bad-spinning disputes, an agreement
not to give notices in any bad-spinning dispute until the question at issue had been considered by the two
associations. The latest resolution
merely extended that temporary agreement to all other disputes.—Winnipeg
Voice.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C.  C,  J.  Coombs
K  of S.. D. J. Black.
M. of P., Jas. Maddlson.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
. Meets  every    Monday   at
7:3^ p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
., Secretary, G. Moees.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
Hi. meets in the K. P. Hall
'.-, aim hu,I fourth Friday of
.each month al 8 p. m.
■.MllS. J. IMOOKS. \V. -I.
*'.,*. own. Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Frldav-evenlng of each
month at 7.30. Visitingbreth-
ren cordially invited.
R. CRtOHTON. W. bl.
J. SHILLING, Hec. Sec.
Opposite O. N. Depot   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
aboet, Oents* Furnlshlnni
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
in receipt of unemployment benefit
are fifty per cent higher than last year
In tbe Scottish case the activity In
shipbuilding, engineering, jute, etc,,
absorbs all available labor, whilst In
l/HiK-ashlre tlie cotton tiade depreciation reacts upon everything. The
number of unemployed men, however,
*.   j of the whole union has been decreasing
" j weekly.
Bar willed with  the  1**1 Wines I    ,^   Centra, ~^~mUtee   ou   Wo.
KINGS  HOTEL
Lii|iu>t-M and t%Hii-,'
DININM  ROOM  IN CONN MOTION
gard to the retai? prices of m-eat was
Issued (by tlie iBoard of Trade: .The
Doard of Trade are Informed by the
Advisory Committee of the National
Federation, of SjpiU. Traders' Associations tliat the retail of home-killed
beef need not be more than two cents
prr pound higher than a year ago,
coarser joints bejng advanced some
what more than prime joints, Home-
killed mutton has advanced less on
the prices of a year ago than home-
killed beef. Pork and veal are also
somewhat dearoi than a year ago. On
account of the restricted supplies of
Imported chilled and frozen beef the
committee consider that an advance
compared with the prices ruling In the
middle of July of two cents to four
cents per pound for prime Joints, and
four cents to six cents per pound1 for
coarser parts may still be reasonably
charged. For Imported rroiten rout-
ton the advance need not exceed four
shoe-factories^ Many Industries, too,
that were threatened with practical extinction owing to the war, have been
able to recast their Internal organizations and adapt themselves to new'; %
iibpb. Take for' example the" tweed j 1
cloth trade in Scotland operating 'a j a
great number of mills aud employing; |
« large section of the Industrial popu-' 3
Intlon.     This depended very largely! <j
tO
Large Airy Rooms and Good Board
Wm. ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
W MILLS,
Vnp
men's Employment have Issued a-memorandum on  training and  Instruction  In connection  with schemes of
work for women and girls temporarily i cents per pound,
unemployed owing to tbe war.    It Is ——
Htoted tbat the object ot combining re-1 Thomas Hurt, a miners' leader who
lief with st&ewes of work is nol mere- j entered the House of Commons forty
ly to avoid tbe dangers which attend!years ago, is now retiring.The son of
relief through doles, but also to af-jn -coal miner and himself a worker In
*^i*   -dh  di?
tttett ar ram. em or Tinn*.,, „
Uiuwai-. »'"■
fn**** j, fa**,*** uttkt-* «-tth t:m lw i.i imm
tMnMiww M tta nty of T.**to, -Own*-)? aii HUM
sfim-**!-*, anil I'm <wid flrsn -will *ir lb* wn a>
r\*% IH'NIHU.I* imi.u-uw (or nMi tmt ****?
•••> .ii cmM« that -mmmm ta> tat* *r um tm t*
Ou*\ ,r'UM CWS,      	
,k£"«h i-Mififflrmltfr T*T{r*lil£ *' *inmlK
imm *%m *mb¥ tm MVWMfi m* M.« **■*•*
. -«—. \. w. nir..xnoH,
| *n*i,\ *«»»m Hf-ue.
Hint CMftrttt ,■*'<■ M ukm t*tm*m mt em
-   -m,*- li* l>:.»tl .*.» mama* MttiM*« at II*
MM M ((MtaHMlat*. Iim      ^ * ,
- • "iiIskv * ctKTtmm«
^^^nE
Shiloh
■Sm mm^Sn^wss fiMs. mt mm
Sw&sMMltaS?    n     n     MMM*.
Ftrnie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
*
Beer
and
Porter
BottW Goods i Spteliltf
ford un opportunity of maintaining or
definitely Increasing the efficiency of
tbe girls and women concerned,   it la
j hoped local representative committee*
j will make every effort to see tbat tbe
character of the work and training
provided and the management and discipline of tbe workrooms wtll be such
j aa to leave results of real and perman-
the pita at the age of ten. he is gen-
• nllj regarded as the first iirlllsli
working man to enter tbe House nf
t'untntous, although as a matter of fact.
Alexander Macdonald entered the
liouse three days earlier than Burt,
Macdonald has now been dead for
thirty-three years.     But so far at
Hun i* concerned be Is a (Ine old type
jent benefit. In some eases It mny boot rtrltleher, unit ns can bn fnMwfncrt
evidence that aome of the applicants I hi»lon**d to the old school of trade j ,,u,"Wng trai'* work,,,'«' Tlwi feeilnn
for assistance, being yonng and teeeii-1 union lenders rather thnn the more»,'w,,,*rt lfc*' r*moui look-out in Undon
able, would benefit especially by thej modern. *J,W» »»»,wl «ur lh* «»"» •»* ■•»«**
training and discipline of a workroom 	
or by the educational facilities otto*. Iteiween .too and im tterk* and
elated witb It. Oa the other hand.|snrtere from London an other poet
It may be preferable In airing asals- j offices have inst been sent lo Prance
lance to a married woman who haa'in help in Ibe distribution of the
children to attend to, not to give ber llfcistmat mull They have all *«
work, or at any rate full-time work in lintf.t In the r*>giilsr army nnd hav
a workroom,   It should be dearly un- b*en drilling like other soldiers, for
for its prosperity upon Germany and j &-&m,3OT8Jim'iM&m^
Austria as customers. The war closed i
down this part of the business right >
away, and mill owners wire face to
f.ice with the nii-snUon of either closing tlu-lr mill* mid flrltig practically
all their work people or doing .something. They did It. Almost without
exception they have made the requisite Alterations in their plant and
uro now busily engaged In turning
out khnkl cloth, which Is in such immense demand for the above-men-
itoned new Ilritlsh Armies. The shadow of war-Is thus lifted from one trade
and klmlr*ud canes can bc quoted elsewhere In the country.
Of cirnrut' tlii'j'u uii- dtipi'-med hi-
duKtrlex, uheru loss ol trade union
nu mberslilp may be looked for as a
rcisult, but as tbe principal of tlie»c
Is cotton, where the unions are already lniiiuMi#ily titrong, such le<k-
agc U iu-nlufi.il to it minimum. In
tbe building* trades, for example, where
In ninny parfu of the country work Is
reported to be very scarce for paint-
••ri, the giving up of the union card
would be a difficult matter In view of
the Here* anll-srab fueling nnw»nR*!t
~ ' *C !'
x..;
s
Be
List of Locals District 18
ol 1914, and which la now as strong
nn ever.
Furthermore, evfii though th* unions!
may not bave inrrmtt-ted or de-mates!
in uch In mem'tftrship during lhe last
fivi* month*, they practically alt pro-J
Kri«»*H *« *«'ll during the fSr-t *-vhi ]
mont ha of Ihe year that It is In he ••«•:
jdenrtoed that In selecting the wortww roiiditlona  havo  changed  nlnt:*  the perfd 'hat when ihe full flauna f«ir
for employment in a workroom no tu-{Mcnttfa African War, when tbere wa»i l»l* err »ut a lurtlit'r titg .m-rwiae em
Ulrlta of an lw»«Ulterisl nataw ahoaM an Army 8ervl<* Poet Offl-re Corps to ■<* *l"-,"» ai*"> I*13
How to Save Money.
If there it a better way of doing your work, a
way that will coat leas in money or require leu
labor, you are losing tomething if you do not
know of it
That knowledge ii available for you, in fact
every effort is made to induce you to acquire it.
through thc advertising columns. If you do not
take advantage of that information by reading the
advertiaementa. you are neglecting opportunities
that might benefit you very materially. You may
not bave immediate use ior all the things advertised, but it is more than probable that you will
aet something to meet your personal and particu-
* lar requirements.
Read the advertisements regularly,
••»<WHE»*«
W ata-A* IvU ibt ebara-tur ef tbt no-
mm sai girt* wfee sftNy.
.1 ...it uittat *^t*,*,iu4 **ft*H**,. Sot* j    f-inail). on Hit** matter beam iiiih-*
Wbttt it »ll arm) postal nitbUU *te m««mWl>} nttvott mt* kwihM tor *bt*n ih»» war t*
Name lee. ami P. O. Ai-srtee
ItoAMimd V, Wheatley, Ueakaead, Alta,
lAmmt itself..■....*-.,,. J, Lougtoan, Beaver Creak, via VlmUnt. Ah*.
Btfle-rwe................-leasee Darke, Baa St, UeUewe. Alta.
Watrawro... um. Aisaer. luaineore, aii*
mmmm ,....i. <U. ilntmn, fem^mtn. A***
fartoadsis *!. ilkdwdl, Carboedele. Coieaua. Mtn.
C^siia*w  Mlfl*ril Warn*, Osaiasaee. Alt*.
tm Coitmo „.i,'-mttm, Celeaaaa. Alta.
nr, rwwa. - n ositiu. corbia. ac.
Ns
it
411
4»
MU
m*
mi
m:
ttm, ■ k'omamt* Mine*.
ItH   Fernie	
l!4J  frank	
mt tmtrrm	
t?4 LmttbtUnt	
fill   |ye*bbr*g» Oolllerl**.
ffjf  Wsph* hmf    	
fflSi* UlHkel.*,,»*». ........
SKi   r.t'*btirg	
lex   !**«..,.	
mm' i:*+n**etr% ftaamww
fMl   Hrf «*e MMee	
.... r. Oeemutm.■*.*»****». **.****, t»a»in», An.
m,.,Ttm. 1%MB. Vomln. B C
....Kvsa Morgan. Frank. Alia
....Mirk itigler, MilKmt. Alta
.... h. Moore, 1TJI 9mtm *»#a*». ,*t. I^Ubrtdge
.rmib Warrtailmm. f^allwat Aha,
,* tv tfnrrbm. yhtmbrmr. ttm.
. Wlc-bard Baawl. Khali, B, C
. T, 11, rfitrrfet. nmtmrt. -AK8.
. A. mtttttmn. Tblbm. aaa
Mat ItMftar, OeMfatowa. Osamira. AJta.
..Ja* ne amber, Vorteae. via Heeky Memtafa
^*  -       9 iy)tmm^lm
■ nam**, anens.
fis nereesery te-rommealeate with the of the  Royal Ifoitneert, liable  for j finish*.!, and sny temporary wi'*»<■* *
I employer tbe enonlry eboatd extend * tnretto aerrlt*. bnt nw for bom* At --Un lh«» trade union numerical and Hwan
Itmly to the «jn»^t%n of whether lb* Tenet*, and ettpi'cted   *U«n   occ-mIou flal )M>*itkM> ihat mny ■»«»«-rrmtiiH tr»
trtmmn wss dlamlmied tt* n result of arlsco, as bm hcr«ti tho ca««» i|iilti< late |iIn. in«niiftiu*», s.'h.n4» V.My to li- i»i.«m
ihe war aai afawM not toeeh en ear ly. to drop th< mail biga. nettt the'r; nutr* than made good.
1 . * *     n .
M  -  ■ ■ v-     x ■>    *■****■*>.-**■ ,***    -v.-    -.i-nt^mfft'-A-.-'i **>•■. ii-,     : « ^ «*.*-«   ******   M***'tmM   d»   WHA«   %%/4^ktti^        | t$f$   ■, ,*-»*-«™—..
'     *..  rfr-trA'  tbr   ntttft'-nl  '1*:A-   tf' -■ wl; li, i.\„   v- \i .n y^l, j,.,,*,. ,^,„* ]    },,*,, „;„„, acw(j, *■***» ***<. -i-t*.-.
^wert   thst   may be aaltably nnder-'yeso. *bkli 3»« nitwA *i»f l& tb* t**»■'*.'.,*** ttmtrtu that ben mot it* omt*
Itaken la  workrooms, tbe comadUee tbmt,, and n1r*etlf tmeml ttm**- b*tm*m$ tm*» tm* th* itiiimr* lm-* i, •■**--'*   -•
empbestae tbe Impettaa** tt rnnblnn weaadrd while la <tiaebar-x» of ihHr >t» roll ot honor fn mm* ***** ii*t«
TV d*p«rtmi»n»il head*    et'merc rnmptled at thp start of ihi* n.,r
*..,..*.    .........^gn. tttt ,-aum. *..9^,+t.im 19, t.^i,*9*t**a **.***! t/mttrnt- *
ih tbe way their seen | tt-e tmtmn aai mottoes n* n mtt ft
|sweety aai a -teniia nmmnt of taste.bate wetted, and aay tbat th* rwv-eipt \ *t>!-»Blary  rerrwitiat p»*t*r. «sc«r*t
i each as pre-Mlli-cm chiMr«a** 4r*«n*«, end despatch of lettet* from tb* front; Itt •ometblna nf * *k*li*Kir* tt* *Vm'
i*l*,ie p-rofbwM* tee metelf ina*hanl-'t* f<arrf*4 cat witb ftlte enroeniniai; |H mlfbt eon**rn t« «ho*r better »*■
imi prodertton of slock artlrlee; aai rapidity. *tme«t aa ^akllt m It tbe •th*    At  ike preernt tlm* rolls a*
i**p*etally with the week of ImHi- f)*M nfffara *#r* >mn et a rt*%***tnl' t.mm bar* n*m* tern ■trr.*,' -it-t-'i
itble women it is worth while te be^nynu-m.    Om nornU like i* f«*i wr* j • »cr, f«r priat*d tn ema*nt*oi !--*."•
\*mt**it wttb a amaflrr number ef fin-;tb*» thi* *f»»i»ai* «m *•»*<■ »r**»- *w'*•.-! »»«fc *tir*f*^:>-* •*.•**«*«* ^.-.- •, .,
Iteb-ei avtlH**, tf tb* aemn** em be to- nttr nnA ibut xbt b*»d»- *#T tt»* ftnthrtj in *»fi«,i- (-sifMit Iwi-ji ulxim tin *n*, ■*.
\4m*4 to take e turtle hi the** work   Pott Otttt* wftt la fbtero r*rett* >h**oi ilir'ttmes aai N>* Uir   -i-'*
iflw -UNaailttiiMi rar*«sa»M»i tb* mi- ■/♦•wneia <f tb* t employe* * lm bm** i Vntiont new txwMemkm* b**   *' ""
f Int et ef a mbmm nt mobbm mi tt* *wtf't!*««f te ♦ Wf -tr** spttlt ttus. b». [ fd tb* ttniim t*t tb* era*-. * *
InM«tk ereeomy ie »eejextiea   wbb Mit*****- ***** tn*to** \m»a *•-t, s*-* »*■•*- -•■ ♦
BBSS
Great Northern Railway
tb* work  so  far as poaalbl* •ioea- dml*«
'•tt,.. ,,   t,     ,t...».,.., _        -n-  ,.*.    t   .   • .<      t.
...in    ,,. „ ..I,,„,.   ,*,*■*
|«tsa-t*. *bkb will fad te ietelep- it* imtb ybtmw** «l
Sttiilh I»mmi I I'a-^w iitf.r imhi  hm,** K«-r»ii«- ul  it.'.bt f*-i*
.\ii«t*k«-» «l»r**-i-t ••»nin*«'ii'ni .it H*\tt*rt\ wilh »lri«-«»|»I l.sinit-
t-i -.     , * i*     t"
T;--l'.*->.   ♦■-   -.1*   <...:»-»*    *,     .* ,' *
,MI    ,),.'>»l*|, tl... v-lt-ft,  r.*^*-.-
t«ntr» l-'f-rn-i." t-n rh«fjn»,i
i»t Kfitti* ItefNtt.
W* -wtliftt th»- bitntii *
*** Ktit»»|N-.    \\** hav* t'i*
. *if .«!«>■,-I»f r.n||I«'fH|»l4litl» * I rip
inif*t 'Hftin-jru.
lltmlt* >«ntr fr««isrh! mh I Incut N'«irtb*ni Ifntlwn*   thi»
t*.t:t     ff» *»H*      *■»*"■'      fV,,-,«    t'i.,,,..;n,,
men-bamti-*' «--aM fn»ni flii<<ajr*>
V*»rJb*m* 3*h;|k y*nr ***\i*t"**
via th*** *ir»«af \"ortlt»'rii K\-
l*t>■■%*, l"i,-,tq*iti.,\ \ Ihi»««
Siii|*^*ttrtr Ky Ki|«r»«i^ i-Tinnr.'-*
tt-itt'ix*l I***'* nf »tasii*t^
Wnr 1*ir\*tr twfermatiee »w«r te
J. ff. COLK, Agttfit
om eia. rtohtt b.c. ***** m
. ,1   -Hi     I*,,,' TU.-   ,,,,*■
vw Tturliitgl.tii mi*\ (It. ««=»=
Page EIGHT
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., JANUARY 23, 1915.
r
A GOOD $10. SUIT
Shoe Dept.
Seasonable Footwear at Greatly Reduced Prices
Ladies' and Children's Snow Shoes, regular values $3.f>0 and $4.00.   Special Price $2.75 and 3.25
pair.
.. Men's Snow Shoes, regular value $4.50, $5.00
and $6.00. Special for Saturday and Monday, $3.75
$4.25 and $4.75.
Men's Moccasins, regular $1.50 and $2.00.
Special Price $1.25 and $1.65 pair,
Men's Hockey Hoots in blnck and ban len titers,
regular value $3.75 and $4.00.
Special $3.00 and $3.25 pair
Ladies' ffockcy Hoots; regular value $3.00 and
$3.75.    Special $2.50 and $3.00 pair
Very Special Value in Ladies' and Children's Felt
Slippers
A large assortment of Pelt and Cloth Slippers
iu several different styles, on sale Saturday and
Monday at  70c, pair
See Bargain Table in Ladies' Shoe Department
Hockey Skates
Hockey Skates, in men's and ladies', regular values
$1.25 to $5.00 pair.   Special 75c. to $3.50
Dry Goods Dej>t.
Hosiery Special
Children's Heavy all-wool Stockings; extra
strong wear; just the thing for school. Sizes 5Vita 10.     Special 30c. pair
" Hockey Toques
Made from a good quality yarn; extra warm;
very suitable   for   skating, curling, snow-shoeing.
All plain colors and two color combination.
Special 25c.
Linen Toweling .
Specially selected  flax;   splendid   washer
drier.   Makes good hand and roller towels.
Special   .2 yards for 25c
and
A TEN DOLLAR
SUIT SPECIAL
This is a low price for a three
piece suit at any time and in order to clear out about 50 suits of
good quality tweed we will mark
them $10.00 for Saturday sell*
ing, get in on this, the values are
exceptionally good. All sizes in
stock.
SEE    OUR   WINDOW
FOR   PATTERNS
Sox and Mitts
Our special sale of heavy wool Sox will be continued for another week. These lines will be on
display in our men's department at special prices.
Men's and Boys' Mackinaw Goats and Overcoats
Men's Mackinaw Coats; Overcoats for men and
boys, all heavy wool pants, on sale at 20 per cent
Discount. This includes all lines of heavy wool
Sweaters and Sweater Coats.
Ladies' Goats
;»() Coats go oh sale Saturday. You will find
these eoats in four different lots; they are all exclusive styles of high grade materials. They conne
in velvet plush, Cheviot serge and Tweeds.
Lot  No. 1
b Coats selling regular at $10.00 to $12.50... .$5.50
Lot No. 2
12 Coats selling regular at $15 to $22.50... .$10.00
Lot No. 3
7 Coats selling regular at $17.50 to $27.50... .$15.00
Lot No. 4
!/ Coats selling regular at $30 to $45 $22.50
Skirt Special
Ladies' Black serge and tweed Skirts, regular
$4.75 to $5.00
Saturday Special  $3.00
Grocery Specials
Royal Mixed Candy, per lb 10
Cream Mixed Candy, per lb     .15
Quaker Rolled Oats, 5 lb. carton ,'S 25
Laurentia Milk, tall, .'3 for     .25
Laurentia Milk, hotel, 2 for 25
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs  .85
Lowney's Cocoa, V» !'■»• .tin 20
Libby's Peaches, Wi lb. tin, 2 for 35
Hunt's Apricots, 3 lb. tin -,%......    .30
Rome Beauty Apples, per box  ' $1.40
Large Navel Oranges, per doz 40
Medium Navel Oranges, per doz 35
Holbrook's Kippemi Herring, tin 15
Red Cross Pickles, qt. sealers 35
Heinz Dill Pickles, 2 doz 35
Heinz Beans, in sauce, 2 tins 35
Swift's \VMte Laundry Soap,"7 bars 25,
Swift's Witch Hazel Toilet Soap, per box ..    .15
Colgate's Toilet Soaps, large bars, 3 for 35*
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 3 lbs. $1.00
Canned Pears, per tin 10
Canned Beans, per tin     .10
Canned Corn, per tin 10
Parsnips, 10 lbs '..    .25
PATENT MEDICINE SPECIALS
Castoria, per bottle 25
Seidlitz Powders, per pkg    15
Scott's Emulsion, large size 80
Elder Flower Crc-ann, per bottle 20
Hind's Honey amd Almond Cream     .40
Pepps for Colds   40
Fruitatives. small size   .20
Linseed and Turpentine Cough Mixture, small    .20
Linseed and Turpentine Cough Mixture, large    .40
Printed Wrapperettes
These eome in big selection of designs; very suitable for waists, khnonas, dressing gowns, etc. Fast
washing colors.
Special   17y2c yard
The Store of
Quality
V
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
■ BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Money Sav«
ing Prices
s
J
MEETING OF CIVIC REPRESENTA*
TIVE8  APPOINTED  TO   DEAL
WITH UNEMPLOYMENT
(Continued from Page One)
•oliovis* telegram waa read by tbe
Secretary:
"Moose Jaw, Saak., Jan. 14, 1113.
Mayor Coatello, Calfary, Alta.—Regret that I am unable to be In Cal*
Cary today. -Impossible to have nr-
mnged other matters earlier. Av-
awe you my co-operation.-— A. W.
Hawthorne ((.Mayor ot Medicine
itat)."
Telegram received and ©rJered filed.
A. Farmllo reported for committee
tbat they bad been unable to get the
Information desired on Ute subject ct
tbe nie oT oil at fuel by tbe C. P. R,
Mayor Costello then called for dl*
evasion and suggestions In' line with
tbo object* of tbe meeting.
Mr. Hom then read a Hat of the
buildings and public works which Uie
Dominion -flaverament were to con-
nttwi In r*»lg*«rjr, roor.Mo-Mnir tH-*? po»t
office*, -armory, federal bending and
•levator
change thia policy, but for various reasons was prevailed upon to withdraw
this later. He suggested, however,
that It be taken up in the proposed interview with Senator Lotigheed and
Mr. Bennett.
Mr. iM&rnocb, of Lethbridge Board
of Trade, then read tbe following resolution, w-hlch was formally
-Moved by Mayor Hardie, seconded
by , Ross—That this meeting respectfully suggests to the Dominion Government that immediate steps bo takmi
to proceed with the proposed Old Man
River diversion project, which contemplates the application of irrigation water to an area of some hundred thousand acres ln the district bounded by
the Old -Man River on the west, tbe
fl. P. R, Crow's -Nest Line on the south
and the Little Now Hlver on the east.
This Irrigation water ls wanted by
tbe fanners In tbe district named, and
City' of" Medicine Hat; to make arrangements to divert the South Saskatchewan Hlver at a point -commonly
known ns Police Point, Medicine -Hat;
to assist financially the C. X. R. in
railway construction in the vicinity
of (Medicine Hut, and to assist financially tiie operations of the Southern Alberta Land Co. in the completion of
the irrigation scheme undertaken by
them -upon which so much time and
money has already been expended.
Carried.
•Moved by A. Farmllo. seconded by
L. T. Knglish--That the Secretary be
instructed to gather information aa to
tht* poHslhility of substituting Alberta
conl for foreign oils and other fuels
In railway and other consumption.
Carried.
Aid. Kinney Introduced a. motion
which called on the Dominion uovarn-
ment to start farming large tracts ot
a petition to that effect, signed by 127. Idle land* and employ hundreds -bf
farmers, *iaa been forwarded to the men thereon. It developed In debate
Minister of the Interior and aeknow- j that another provincial body waa be.
ledged by him.   Further signatures are i Ing formed to deal particularly with
us In his little booklet that Ute Colorado trouble so Impressed him with
the great need of finding an effective
means of preventing such conflicts
that it was decided that It was of
the utmost conscience that the "root
oauses" of tbat and similar disturbances should be ascertained and, lt
.possible, removed, not only In Colorado, but elsewhere.
Then follow a lot of generalisations
about -Mackenzie King having had
"wide experience In the actual tola-
tion of labor problems tn Canada"
(although labor Is as badly off, If not
worse, since King "solved" the problems -in the Dominion than before he
undertook that mission), and that his
efforts will not be to encroach upon
the work of exisUng organisations, to
apportion Mame In present or past
misunderstandings and to Justify any
particular point of view, but rather
to assume the attitude of a physician
who Investigates the nature and causes
of tbe pathological conditions with
which he has to deal, with a view, it
Such llttlo reforms as restoring the
land to the masses ot the people, nationalising the railways, mines and
other monopolies, introducing co-operative method*, Wiping out of the
usury of the plunderbund and abolishing tbe enormous economic waste that
Is inherent in the preaent system of
profit and privilege will be passed up
as "Impractical," "IdealleUc" and unworthy of serious consideration by the
King crowd of Rockefeller satellites. "
Furthermore, the "molders ot public
opinion" from coast to coaat will hold
their pagea open to give due publicity
and cram into the heads of the people
Uie literary dope tbat haa been prepared by those wbo are paid to carry out
orders from headquarters.
It would be the height of absurdity
for anyone to Imagine that Uie Rockefeller class will favor the discovery of
a "root cause" tbat will put «n end to
their gouging system tbat keeps the
masses of the people hovering on the
ragged edge of poverty.
•    •    •    *
tion, the -billionaire oil, mining, railroad and manufacturing magnates will
control everything worth while in this
"land of tbe free and home of the
brave," and then monopoly's clerks In
Congress ca nvote to change Ute name
to the United States of Rockefeller **&
Co.—Cleveland OiUeen.
Wonder If a family chased out of
their home by an Invading army 4s
any more homeless than a family set
out In the street by the sheriff.
Classified Ads,--Cent a Word
HOUSE FOR RUNT—Four rooms;
West Fernie.   Apply, A. Luke, Box Ut.
FOR SALE CliBAP-WTwo pair heavy
Dob Sleighs, pracUcally mw. Apply,
S. Graham, co., The 41 Meat Market,
Fernie.
A shipload of second-hand toys for
the Belgian orphans, followed by a
shipload of ammunition to make more
orphans, la capitalism's idea of oharity.
ORGAN -FOR 8ALB-«heap.     Apply, dt, Chlpman' Avon-tie, Annex.
The worker does not lore bis chains,
even though he may be "attached" to
them.
etc.
being appended to the petition, and thej this Idea, and the motion was with-j possible, to the discover)- of effeeUvej In a speech the other day tieaator
tit'll mimVr u nam iflfl ' itr.uim. !r«tw#df#a. tn bo eait*t.nte11v*1y hetpfut.j Pnrton stated that the T.'n*ltmf. Stntm
produced $20,000,000,000 worth of ne*
eessitlea annually, and H.000,000,000
was paid -out In wage* No one seemed to be enough interested In the Peno-
to.'s remark! to aak bim what bsmme
of the other M«,000coo,oo«.
Tlu truth or the matter la that very
few of Hurton's constituents are sufficiently Interested to ask bim or con-
idilf r for themselves the problem el
what becomes of tbe difference be-
t* ton the ooal of production of tbe
tH),tm,tm,bbo worth of wealth and
the market price-,
To n**. toon • qaesuaa er -eves
think about It i» to -Ma against tbe
treat god   -Profit.
tt might ten) to encourage rebel-
mh a'-ulnm. our pr«*eni "peculiar in,
stftutlon" that, /niloinjllcnlly s«pnrates
The petition nets forth the urgeitt    iMoveil by Aid. Cnilckshanl!, second
need of Irrigation: the signatories un-ed  by  AW.  Ramsay—That  the City!    Plain, ordinary folk who are not eas-
•Movedby Mr. Ross, seconded by Aid. j dertake to repay the capital cost by ("omiclh be requested to appoint one Illy misled by prodigal and exuberant
Klaney-That this meeting here aa-j subscribing to a promise to pay over! or more delegates to go to Ottawa and j language, and the weaving of an air !f
sembled pa-tltton tbe Dominion Govern- a term nf years approximately tit per present to the Dominion (invernment i mystery about the "root cause," have
nest to proceed to construct all the a-m- for audi bind as they apply for the resolution* adopted here today, i no difficulty In comprehending whst l«
public buildings conn mphiteil by the Irrigation facilities, and that the arranging of the date bej wrong.
Government la Cslgary an mtan nn pus-,    In a*klng that the * ark lie gono on, tft to Mayor Costello   of   Calgary, i    Where tbe masse* ef the people—
aible, with a view to providing work ; with immediately, th'* meeting has In Carried. tthe mortgaged and tenant farmers, tie
for the unemplojwl,   Carried. vlwv the fact that tit this would be*    Mnvnl nnd seconded that  we now j miners, the railway employes, the mill
Mayor Costello Imt- -*ti**e»ted that a productive work: (St that It would a "Mourn to meet again at the call off and factory workers and others en-
a rommittet. ultuold interview ttaaator t»r«UI»« imm** lla-to t-iuulojiwitu on Uie llu-chnlr    -Tarried. Uag«d In producing and distrtbuUiig
Irfragheed and It   It. Uetmett, M. P.,;<»pei*»!fi-K ot »prtng for Mime *kili«d la-     Meeting Adjourned, It being undor-j wealth™ <»me to a realisation of Uie
wiio wold, perhaps, give the Ittforma-j t»«r th.it might be supplied In part by a?nod that delegates meet on the fol-(fact that billions of values that they
lion m to wbat the tiov-t niim-nt were uw-mpJojeii tmm ernes and m part by
p**F*rt*4 to (•-» .% reference n-'ie here'th* t-->,i meter* nnd fnrm<-m: ».!» t'nn'
made toa printed report ot the cHic * it S- urgently wanted hy th*- farmers
and tt-wernm-rntal meeting on un-f-m-''""*' fr*.**. •<"«1 wmM sr*nt!y !ncr-Mm*
pleymHitbel'l rereritt) In r.iitntrs. ni<4 i-w j«r««ji»«ti«n ul f<««littul.i# and Hie-
the nrjiort ut *ll«t. tAwi-Hir I.-r-ntliee-I:-fui !(*. Thn -oil uM I'lliwitlc con-!!-
bad rUted to thai meeting. < M«m« art- ullnilar to tin; a-llu-otM Ix-lh-
Alii.  Kinney  ivjuoat*- ot   wna-i   pum-u** ,ou a*** una-ainua ntnttnt #»*•«* pr»*»-
t«»inc moming si t<« ociock and p*ro-|prodac« are annually absorbed in tihe
•••-ed i<» interview i*$enat«r l*«*ti«lie*-*tl. f«rm i»f rent. trtt-ere«» wed profit by the
nnd Mr It, It Jleaeett, M.P. {coupon cllpjters   In   the   Rockefeller
! flaws, f!»«!y have foun-1 lh« answer, the
KOCKIPKLLIP'-i $100t,00O,O00 /r«*,,l cna»e," for all tiie et^noinlc tn-
fOUNOATlON tNST-TUTION||u«l,lcc» »nd 1iii!ii;:iu j»uff«erlitqr: and ml*
 —                      I ery that le arousing country-wide at-
the farmers, miners, mechanics aad
-ne aai* rw«m m pempttm. irow,lentmn, aaa n.ixn novo mmtivu<mn *m'****»t*ii* ttwm ine  nt-JMi*  utej   pm*
j<i>ri *,■** yvuMtUit* a. c.ku.i..,...;.. a.,>* "i
iroituod the toiio* .'« motioH.
Jit"-*'! toy &*■& K'l.-E'*;'-, ;"*»*«fl*'i*'8 hf
AU, Rams*} -Th.t! the meeting here
juwesibk*d i*- tlttuii the Dominion Gov-
,.     *     l."      I'.H.l.tS-i     .,.■        ,,t,,k.„t      ^l),h«*l,*,
.  .«    -i!   ...,..i!(.t  *u4 itit.t t   U*y*  tor
'-*'.'.   :;m<nil$itii't>'*i*!i  if-**  "n:*M*-l-fi«f1h-   SBti   llli*'
r-iipital eo*i wwld be refiald by tbe
f'i"'mrr* t unci ru**>1   ro that 'be qui*
9*%     UlUA-Mt'-l .'J
fj-alkk* ol tin
1^i(i««Wl«(';iWi
*,Ai,***,   *•>''■■   *i-t»*   **."'i &»*, ii.n-miiitiiaiti'i i ndiu.iuit ttiiii Aiikieiu^i. i ■/.-d
a,nt   j,n!v,*i  iv «,,  iot   ,um  it.t^.i.i:t':,-
tlMjtm.xm' UmMetvlltr j to m»«i* or pntttitd to alkviato b> JIh*.  Cnrnegkm.  Moiiaas,   Arm*sr#,
' tmtpmtttmt itpmtb r**mt4U*. \ tty*ei« "ti»-l * but mbMvmtinfl etftwff lilgli-
At If on the defensive, the presf-j   Our gwes* Is that   ttr.   MscJtHisiej prists of pletefmey, ttbo aw doing
lo -cKMMttrtiet* •» »tn**-i»<)   •** %**** w im******** «* hm« w*** -u»» »*» *t t******-
Ht nt of the Foundation. Tobn 11. Rocke-jKin? s»"d h!« r*'«!n»m»t of Hgure-jug-
.«..,«, tt*. **>mnt *** t**m**t tam a*****.*,* ■, *,mim tt*** *.****} tmm* ,*»t*miil *,xm ew-
may be alt tb* p«bllc works petaelble «rab!e oattay, but rather of a loan opon of t.U initito!lo« by Its charitable e«>;: borate tables ^statistics to ahow tJuit
ta -Bdmonton, ^uHleelartr tbe ereetten the -remrtty of land andcr an tmprov plolt* ot rmttrib-atiag a million dollars| whereat a family of roar "mH tlve on
of a retaSfila* wsil m the north Nek  le* mltltatltw '» tbe llelgtan relief fond and tl'..'«W III 41 a week or thereabout* n geaera.
of ttt* gaskaicbewan, also tbe compl-e- C"<»py of this mot!ofi li ftmntd to »»e for the poor of New fork, as well as tion nm. tbey nre new entitled to at
tlw ef tke srasory baiMtnt, witb a forwarded to the l*mel*r, Mir It. I* rni^cllaneon* appropHstfoas "to pro-1 least fit-**, bat at she same time tbe
aftw tn prnv-t-ffn.r ftf-fier trnrtr ti*r th* * 'ViVti *n tht* 1ffft'«r,n- of tb* ttfe-fr-r, ^mot* ttt* weft h*1*ir if mitnt'fnttf peoj»V» rttttSt tn bt*ft*iii« eorr*tpnmffiT!r-
■aewployad.  Canted. *« lb* Minmer ol Agrteniwre. and tht, tbroagbeat tlw world " j ly proda^ttve    ilea' e it will be advls-
.t r*arau£**i !.triiui.\i up tti-. at-H'-T of   '■' '•:'»■- >:? I,.iby*     i:y,ir-1 [    Th-  nr\r yrfirmirt--*^*. t-.ii^t^r, ^'fr iH;v   <-.■>    'ni"i'U?t   more   rfffclcr: *j-
tbe otliliet) eutOoritl** rm*lrtno *kill- Mtu**4 h, li. 14'. Ikttinmy. aan-.i^f-d t in- tbe tuitinltntkiu tii iadnwtrbl re-. nekimoK ***U*rt> *np*tim*til* not per-
t4 wmbtnirn who had mVUtet for ao' &y %, Cratrkaliaafc—Tkat tbts aseetlag; tnliemn meter tbte dlv»*tl«a af Mar.thai* pwrftt-^kartat: devlasl ta trtv* m
Iff* mrrtr* ta wmrk st tb-rfr trade* |« here »«**»Med ;ietiila» tbe Damtaton bewsie RHig. forsserty Mintater ed I*-1 ebtornfene tbe wevtrets te tbe paint
tattBtk eemextontem     He tnuwIsrH *"H<Hf"mm*»n t« ptvetet t« cwmtrwet to ? lor la -faaaAi. j wbevw tbey wtif tmhmt-. to sum greater
mbSot tit Onrttrn-wttl '*tiAnm'^,,-hXlm ttufi. •»* *pr-tym*4i I* rt*'   r»tl«»SilBi!l!r ytmm Mm ft. tiAtmm\**t^Mxntbm.
\
the uias»cn of lbi» people a great favor
■», <Mr*ini>* xmm m ***** smw-Mki e><*«<i,
ao tbat tley aaay dispeaae ekartty aad
that ensnre thessselres a front east
In heave* when they are finally fomed
to Itt go.
Uy tbe mme tebeta. Baito* aai Ms
Vt' i*r not fn Prm-tr**** to fetiitfttt*
and adjwffeat* tb* little mattar af *n
fjtbff'.flfnt fiixxilnW, ioAM ita-f ir«.*o
mmk eaa4it-toa«, tntt le prated- Jm
mm#n? **M interim* ot tbnm mbm
nr* abla la gfti-a aaw btto tka eeaewws
of tie cewatry
.1*1 by tkt tntmbt pttmm tt enta-
ASK FOR
FIVE R0SES1L0UR
The WottftBot
Send fw Five Roses
Cook Book-
cowan
i*m*.»it»tu».
msc a umsual cr COQ0 mewa **+*.
-^^-^w v^Hi w^VIMg mm -Ml wtmt^^tt ommtt^O tttt mPIW W-I^BP
tc tttt, *tt nf wRMt Uv. tlm* n-wA-f-V .-AwW mi
mnmm aat***m
SmSmJESUSSmmEtmL^
dbtiiwtobs, nunm • 0
TrH«-Wood 0*
■aiiiijiVaJfi

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