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The District Ledger Oct 3, 1914

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Array -..'■* a.
p todustrial Unity Is Strer 4„
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Ie Victory
Last Day to Get on Voters List
Colorado Operators
Browbeat Wilson
DENVER, Colo., Sept. :.'0—The Colorado coal operators have refused to
accept President Wilson's proposition
for a three-year truce a:id the-strike
v.hlch has resulted in seventy-five
deaths may continue .Indefinitely unless the President takes over the.
mines or closes them do\in. ■
John R. Lawton, Executive Board
Member of the United Mine Workera,
today issued the following statement
regarding the. operators' reply to President Wilson's letter outlining an
adjustment of the coal strike:
"Concerning the proposition submitted by the President of the United
States to the miners and operators, it
is unnecessary to say that some of the
clauses were objectionable to the
"But the miners, after giving lt due
consideration, keeping In mind that It
was backed by the Influence ot >Pres-
ld-ent Wilson and in an effort to show
the public they desired to be fair, accepted it
"The operators, >who have taken, the
public Into their confidence so often
with, statements which were not .borne
out by facts, continued this/ .policy In
their letter to the President, when
Mr. Welborn said his company was
producing 70 per cent of their tonnage. Records In the Colorado Fuel
and Iron office show that that com-
, pany produced frctfl , January,, ■ 1 to
September J, 1014, but 57.99 .per cent
of the amount of coal mined! during
the same period of 1913.
"Thoy tell the President that they
.'conscientiously   did    everything .to
bring about an. amicable settlement.
Deliberate attempts were also made to
deceive the Congressional committee
by the introduction of Irrelevant and
misleading testimony.
"The Federal commission of conciliation, 'Fairley, and Davies, was treated
with equal -discourtesy. ,
"And- now, to cap tho climax, comes
the monuments*! blunder of them all—
they attempt to browbeat and; bullyrag the 'President of the United States.
prevent th© trouble with their en?
. ployee and then to heal the breach.'
It Impossible that tbey mean that they
tried to prevent the trouble by their
importation'from West- Virginia of
deadly machine guns and hundreds of
vicious and unscrupulous. Baldwin-
Feita^gunmen or .-that at Ludlow-, they
were,trying to heal the breach?
"The operators have blundered- miserably Blnce the beginning. ,Ttity
have proven to the world who the real argued for half an hour against grant-
anarchists are. Whefl . Bthelbert j tag tbe application,,setting forth that
Stewart, representative of Secretary) the papers were not properly drawn
of Labor Wilson wat in Denver, they up, and if they were the reasons for
treated him with utter contempt, granting tbe application were not
When Secretary of Labor Wilson was sufficient.   Jud-ge -MoHardle decided
TRINIDAD, Colo., Sept. 28.—Judge
A. Watson 'McHendrle of the district
court bas eliminated himself from the
trial of all cases against strikers and
another Judge will be called in to preside in this district oyer these cases.
yesterday afternoon Attorney"Horace Hawkins, for the -miners, appeared
before the court and argued a motion
for a chapge of judge in all cases
where strikers had. been arrested on
warrants on indictments brought by
the special grand jury summoned in
this county. Judge McHendrie granted the application. The case ot People vs. Pete Catsoulas was the only
one mentioned in court yesterday, but
it was agreed' that the same court order-should apply to all cases where
strikers have been arrested on. grand
jury indictments.
Judge McHardie already had eliminated himself from sitting as judge
in, all of, the cases against strikers
ciaT grand jury made its report.
.YeBterd-ay's court order in which
Judge McHendrie'eliminated himself
from the trial of strikers' cases will
hold good in all future arrests, it was
announced today, as soon as be fixes
thq amount of .-the defendant's bail.
Seventy-six strikers and strike sympathizers already have been arrested.
Assistant  District Attorney   West
Provincial Voters' List
City of Fernie Voters' List
Those who are ratepayers in the city, exceptor the fact of paying two dollars roadtax or five dollars or more for a trades' license, may have their names put on the voters' list by presenting their receipts at the City Office during the month of October and making a declaration that they are British
subjects, etc. The fact that a man was on the list last year will not get him on again this year, unless
he gets himself put on in the way mentioned aboy?. Those who hold agreements of sale for property and
have paid taxes must, if they wish to be put on the voters' list, call at the City Office and make a
declaration. • ".
The turning movement directed
against the German right wing by, the
allied armies is developing, according
to an announcement, by the French
war office this morning. It is declared
that a vigorous assault on Troy-le-
Mont, was repulsed with heavy losses
to the Germans. TroyJe<XIont is the
elbow of the fighting line that, iu a
general way, stretches from that (point
east and north. The official statement says this action moves more and
more toward the north.
There is little in the Paris announcements, however, to bear ' out in full
last night's statements by a Paris correspondent of a London news agency,
that the German right had been
broken. . -
The French.war office claims also
that slight progress has been made be-
f i
Belgian garrison .jbas made sorties, repulsing tihe Gernjjans, who ' suffered
heavily.    - -*
Belgians marching on Brussels $re
said to be In contact with the Germans.
A correspondent at Cettinje reports
that the Montenegrins have seized the
Austrian entrenchments, twenty-nine
miles south of Sarajevo, capital of
Tokio announces that the Japanese
have occupied Lao Cheraklac harbor,
near Tsing-Tau.
■With the reserves called out, Italy
will have an army of 1,310,000 men, according to a dispatch from Venice.
here in person, his treatment waa little better than that of hit subordinate.
He had hardly left the State before
they began to malign him, casting reflections oa hit sincerity In trying to
that the papers were drawn properly
and reasons were sufficient. The seme
allegations were made in these cases
as In tho former cases argued.—U. iM.
W. of A. Journal.
Right Wing Under Von Kluck Doubled
Back From Front Under Tre-
mendous Pressure   .,
Thomas Crahan ot Jllehel is registered at the-Hotel Fernie.
Nothing but the best at the'Isis.
Con React, West Fernie, taxidor-
mist   Write Box 9. Fernie, B. C.
Murray and Clark have purchased
tbe livery aad transfer buatntaa ot
George Barton.
Mrs. Raaaoey, wife of tha city engi<
neer, returned from a thiwmoutbt'
visit to Scotland recently.
Kl&borte arrangements bave been
completed by the committee tn charge
of the grand ball to be held in Victoria
Hall on Thanksgiving evening. The
proceed* are to be given to the patriot'
ic fund. The tleketa are in great demand and lt looks at though greater
accommodation must be procured, if
The utaal monthly meeting ot tbe
Ladiea' Guild of Christ's church will
Po held at tbt home ef .Mrs. Moffatt,
an Wedaeedey, October 7, at S:J9 p.m.
Special tor Monday and Tueaday,
Octobtr ft aad I, a romance of lAaaiaat
Home Thit It a (ear ml dram*,
tiayad ia tke asadow- of Kara't throne.
Pantagea vara at tha Grand far
two akfcte thtt week. Tuesday aad
tlfedaetday.  Good tbowa  tad great
crowds ta tha wort.
Aotaau ateitta wtll open here oa
Octobtr 1Kb. Thtrt ia a very heavy
caltodtr, no lm than three murder
eatta being tee* tor hearing.
Whan your children attend tbe -Saturday afternoon matlneea at tbe Orpheum you can rest assured that they
art enjoying every minute ot the on*
tad a half hour't show.
Tht Hollowing it a list of births re-
ported thia weak in Ftrnlt: Mr. and
Mrs. O. P. Stalker, a ton; Mr. and airs.
Hartley Wilton, a daughter; iMr. and
Mra. Otorgt Thompson, a wn,
P. Moore, the Canadian ftelfle opt-
rator, ehargtd with tht theft of Dominion Bxprttt money ordert, waa
sentenced by Judge Thompson io one
year't UnprtaonmtnL
'•' i ''
Httl fear of "Oar Matoal Girl" aa-
rite Friday might, ia which Margaret
aaaa tha notables at Piping Rock, the
moat faahlenable country dob Is tht
world.  Shown at the Orpbaaaa,  the
sign of the winged cloek.
Tween the Argonne region~~aM the
iMeuse, and that that the allies have
advanced east of St. Ollbiel. Xo notable movement has occurred on the
center, and the situation on the right
is reported unchanged.
An official German announcement,
via London, states that.there hae been
general fighting on the German right,
out not of a decisive character. German headquarters also report that the
center of battle line is quiet. A German official statement, issued last
night, also described the fighting on
their right wing as indecisive.
The allies operating against tbe forts
on the Meuse were repulsed, it was
atated. Berlin confirmed the asBault
on Antwerp, and said that attacks by
the Belgiun garrison had been repulsed.
Austrian assaults on BuwalMt, Russian Poland, bave failed, it ls declared.
A dispatch from Petrograd aaya that
a fierce battle between tho armies of
General Rennenkampf and General von
Hlndenburg, has continued since Sunday mornlug along a line extending
from Grodno to Druskenlki, on the Nie-
men river. Four Russian corps are
pitted against an equal number of Germans. Russian reinforcements are reported aa .strengthening thtlr lines.
The Russisns have established a
civil government at Lemberf, the capital of Austrian Oallcia,
A British correspondent in Belgium
tajra tbat 160.000 troops are engaged in
a desperate battle along the Une from
Temwnd* to Aerschot.
A report from Bucharest say* that
King Charles haa summoned the cabinet to meet tomorrow to determine
tbe action of Roumania. Burlier Bo-
ehtrest reports, published ia Paris,
mid tht King wisbtd to support Oer-
many bat that bit ministers rejected
the proposal.
A mmm from Antwerp says that
tbe Oerman -bombardment of the forts
et Aatwtiv continues, and that tht
Fire Brigade
Gets Two Calls
PAiRlS, Sept 30.—Hope flamee high,
today, on tho boulevards as Paris
awaits fuller confirmation of the retreat or rout of the German right
armies operating north of the Aisne,
between the Aisne and Somme, and
again north of the Somme river.
'- It Is rumorefr tiiSL a'new. British ex-
pedltloitary force, quite distinct from
the three army corps that have clung
so desperately to the line of the Atone
between Vic, Soissons and Craonne, is
acting In unison with the'French left
under General d'Amade ln the turning
movement north of the Somme, which
the official bulletin, given out here,
today, aaya is developing with rapidity
Warning by Paris Press
Apparently tbe Germans made a
furious onslaught at Tracy-le-Mont,
which Is the apex of the salient. No
doubt they hoped here to find a weak
spot due to tbe removal of an army
corps from t'fae French- left, center to
increase the weight of the turning
movement further north.
TJh Parisian press warns the people
to keep cool and not to expect too
much, even if the present movement
it successful. No doubt tho German
war staff hat prepared a lint of retreat attlcb, in its turn, may be as obstinately held as has been tbe line of
Aisne and Disc.
Reports tf Recapture tf It Mlhlel
U»»DON, 8ept, 80.—The brief official communication received here
from Paris, declares that conditions
alone the battle front In France remain unchanged. Among the special
dispatches Is one from Nsncy, which
telle of the recapture <by the French of
Bt. -Mlhlel, aad the capture of the
Crown Prince of Bavaria, and relates
that deeptratt attempte art being
made to retake the distinguished
prisoner. Xo one knows, except thote
on the German lines, how the siege of
Aisae it progressing, but thtrt   are
many indications that its nineteenth
day may be witnessing a stupendous
and decisive struggle in the valley of
the Somme,
Right Wing Pushed Back
LONDON, Sept. 30.—While full con-
firmatlon of a news agency story that
the German right wing has been
broken and was in flight is lacking,
commentators here show much skepticism of this report, although they
consider the breaking of the German
right would be only a natural result
of the great turning movement, fcbe
present status, which was pictured in
in the French official announcement of
yesterday. This shows that the allies
have pushed back the Invaders in this
region until the German right wing is
virtually at right,angles with the rest
man headquarters admit that the great
efforts to throw back the pressure of
the allies have proved Indecisive, is
regarded in Great Britain as significant.
This week started pretty well for
ihe fire boys, and was scarcely more
than one hour and a (juarter old before the alarm rang out. A quick
turnout was made, and upou arrival it
was found that a smalj three-room
house owmed -by G. Speiuo, on iBethune
avenue, near the old recreation ground,"
was on fire and blazing good, lt nas
found necessary to lay some 1,200 feet
of hose to reach the fire, and before
this was done the adjoining house
was was badly scorched. Once the
boys got started, however, it was not
long before they had it well in hand,
and succeeded in confinin-g the damage to the rear of the house. It Is estimated that the damage wil! reach
about $350 to $400. Quite a sensation
was caused by the arrival of one member of the brigade, who, Jn his desire
to "get there," hired au auto. What,
-.he alarm and the rushing of the
auto, the inhabitants wondered whether the scene of hostilities had been
transferred to this peaceful burg. The
owner of the shack was absent at the
time In Michel. The house was' in-
sured. ,
Still more alarms, but at the same
hour, on Monday morning, when Constable Hughes saw a blze on the other
side of the G. -N. tracks and promptly
turned in the alarm from the Qeen's
Hotel. The brigade were up against
a hopeless proposition from the start,
but were able to prevent the fire from
spreading to the adjoining property.
The buildiing was a Bmall shaok on
Lindsay avenue, owned by J. King,
who at the time, so 11 was stated, was
S. P. OF C.
The weekly dance will be held in the
Socialist Hall on Saturday night, October 3rd. Admission: Ladlfcii, free;
gents, as usual.
Xlck Uourguignon will speak in the
above hall on Sunday, October 4th.
subject, "Propoganda Work for Press
and Organization."
Blko, Sept. 25,1914.
Editor District Ledger, Ferule, B. C:
Dear Sir:—I beg space in your
valued paper to reply to Pathfinder's
letter in last week's issue of the
Ledger. ^
There is nothing the Game Act, recently revised aad in force this
year prohibiting the use of traps'in
taking bear, provided, always, that
the trap is duly licensed. The Act pro-,
vides for the taking of fur-bearing animals, and issues a license to any
resident entitling him to trap and
hunt. The fee for each license is
Regarding tbe snaring of deer, I re-,
gret to say there Is no clause In the
act prohibiting the capture ol deer
by such unsportsmanlike methods. On
tbe other hand; if such snares or traps
are so placed as to constitute a
menace to public safety, I have no
doubt tbat action can be taken ln th*|
matter by the Provincial police*.
If. however, Pathfinder has any sua-.
j*Icic*. !h~t th"   trHwH   ?.*crc "~*- u"
for $300.
Defending Garrison Makes Sorties and
Repulses invaders With-Great    '
Losses by Germans
■ANfnWBRP, via London, Sept 30.—
An official statement   Issued   by the
Belgian staff says:    "Vigorous German bombardment from Forts Wall-
hem, Waevre and St. Catarlne, which
was continued throughout the night,
abated at 8 o'clock tbls morning. The
assailants did not succeed in silencing
the guns of the Belgian forts, nor in
any way lowering the morale of   the
LONDON, Sept. 30.—A dispatch to
neuter's from Amsterdam gays tbat
the Telegraph has received this message from Antwerp:
"From various pointB the garrison
made sorties and repulsed the Germans with heavy losses, The bombardment of the forts, .Woeithoa and
SL Catherine by the Germans continues with a single attack by tbe
Germans on Forts Lleaele and Bree-
Confirmed at Berlin
BBRLIN, Sept. 30.-An official statement says:
"Our siege artillery haa opened fire
on tbe forte of Antwerp, Tht assault
of tht Belgian forces against tbe attacking line has been repulsed.
LONDON, Sopt. 30.—Tbe" Russian
ambassador announces that the Austrian army fleeing before the Rub-
elan have heen surrounded, near
Doukto, and that Its defeat ia complete. AU the food, ammunition and
war material, which wat btlng conveyed back to Austria, hat fallen Into
Russian hands. The capture Includes
soo military aotoe.
There will be a social for members
and friends ot the above order on
Monday next In the K. P. Hall. An
early start wtll he made, and It Ib to be
hoped that all' Loyal Moose will make
an effort to be present, with their
friends. The usual Ulgh standard will
be observed with lots of entertainment
and refreshments. Make it a point to
bring a friend and let them see how
the 'Moose entertain. Start at 7 p. m.,
other than a licensed hunter, I would
be glad to have him communicate
with me, giving him at the same time
the assurance that his. confidence will
be respected.
.Thanking   you   in   anticipation,'  I
have the honor to be,
Yours-truly;  . ■*. ■ A - ,■ *■.
Deputy Game Warden.
Captain Gladwin of Cortla waa no-
titled At true et tm aaddtn dteta o(,
kit enHAot id ikbHie. nod **U >U#
f or tha eoaet
f, W. Frybanr, veebaatonl toptria-
tttidant, and A.W. Callahan, master
»taiii'ia>twi» *k« it* ■»**■* -mw tu> wtMMw
ttoa trttb baatasta matttre relative to
tho Otaet Northern Railway.
a ttotmutwo t-VHwey, wit* onto pro-
WMi*. TV-It* i*w mul « niiMii, »**Ui
laugh, go to the hoaat that ebowe tbe
"Mttwal ilettmr At tha stga of tha
Waged dock yoa wip alwaya find a
good program.
mtettett ettlkt At th*
great flTa reel testation, "The bora of
Orttd." arfll ht abewa.  Tilt pMare
•eataiat asaay tta«lla« aad thrilling j ^^ ^ ^tm.
areata and It tare ta pttett,
A aad B Ooagaalti, ion* Weffaetat,
ara Making good ptegreta drOHac,
thtee eveataga la each week. laeUwo-
tloaal classes tor officers have began
aad evety effort It beiag amde to
ktvw tbnm rompnidet bt food aftapa
A meeting of the spiritualists Is
called fer Sunday evtelej aaat, for
tha purpose of electing officers and
arraagiac a program far tht winter
moaths. A eettbrated vadium it ta
be present aad demonstrations of
various kinds will bt In order. Tht
meeting will be bald la tht parlors
. .,■    -**■>.      I -it ty-
„.    .9.9    t  i.-fi    4491.1...
Tom Beck Intends te declare a
ttate of wir against chicken hast
weak aad will go forth to do battle
tor two weake or to.  Tom't fritndt
wtlifnt m*\* * met* ot ***x* ■*■*•* >*»*
a tab oa all tralaa. "A eaeoa flae U a
««h divtae-" aad aa la patairie
ehtakee, for that BMtter, iberstore, wt
with Tom evtry
Utmrn. Trittt, gutter, Ifaflttt lad
Pollock aMtertd tnm rente Friday
to Wlederasttt awl retaraed aa \tea-
day, Thay report the trip aa one of
the mat tattrttttag aai dtdghtftl
tbst eta bt takwa tn tba Pvewtae**, ead
tha beauty ef Ao seeawry aaitipastti.
TM Orphean thtatre bate arraagtd
to nw w1%a MfRfaa Dollar Slyttaty,
by Harold McGratb, two ret} egtaodt
will be shown  tadb week, toi the
Tkaabeaaar Film Oaaipaay ara offer*
Xajar flldgway Wlleoa, et Victoria,
is in the city •rrangVag with the city
aad ptwtacial poHee la tie wetter ef
ar-reet and dtumtioa of Oenaaat and
Avetriaas who bave aot regittsved.
Malar Wllsoa alee iaspatttd aeveral
baikUagt, wltk * **tw of reporting to
the aslUUa doaartaMat aad renew*
mtwdiag taluMe aaartart Car drill
not t»o,eee.ee for tbo beet tetMwom to*ipwrpneet doting tbo nfntatr temkt
letlee ef tbt myatavy. ' eatll tbt trawry tt battf.
The committee ef tbt I. O. O. It,
•bleb ia la charge of the supplies for
the National Red Crns Society, tent
the flrtt cwntlanment of food on Monday, which included the followfnv
supplies:   Twelve eiderdown drwslrg
,., 9..H   *+  I ::*„    * ■ * ' f     *     *
m ,     .     , ...      I.-.I9     ~:9,..,     9 '      *.*-*» >• j
x*t.y^t, 10 »«vM -nlfV fbtrt*. « flnn )
nrtetta night shir's tt hot water bottle covert, IS pillowa, tt pillowslip*,
10 cholera btkt, Mbandaagts, H patre
wristlets, t pair  mlttent,  It  palrt
V,.,.,.    i-n.V*     **    *r.r,,1„     1*1    \...»1,,-
chief*, 1 flaaaei thlrt.
Tbt I. O. D. & hare aadtrtafcea thia
work tor the National Red Crete and
they wieb to tbaak tboae who bave already kindly rendered aaaittance
either by doastieaa or by work, and
mil ba glad to receive tbt support of
any who may tish to live te this
An urgent appeal la msde bo aH wbo
sre titling to knit. Uoat not wishing
to supply wool %t tm perfM* tea ah*
tain It from 'Mrs Rodger*. wk*n all
donations of wool are te bt sent
lag to instructions, any ont wishing
to obtain information may do so by
applying either to Mrt. Rodgtrt, who
ia in charge ef all knit tint, or to Mra.
If. O. Johason, tire. Whfmater or Mra.
Plsher, irho hare contented to ent out
other garments,
A series of meetings is being held
in the Methodist church this week under the direction of Rev. J, P. West-
man, secretary of the Sunday school
and young people's work in Alberta
and British Columbia, That the meetings promise to be of unusual interest
is shown by the striking success that
bas attended Mr. Westman's efforts in
Other towns.
The program Is as follows:
Thursday, 8 p. m.—"(Modern Educational Movements in Church and
Priday, 8 p, m.—"The Field of Op-
eratlon for Young People." This will
include a report of the great convention in Buffalo. The lecture will be
Illustrated by tome fifty lantern slides,
demonstrating thc progress of mu.lm»
educational work.
On Sunday Mr, West man will speak
at both service* in the Methodist
church on subjects relating to this
theme of religious education.
On Sunday afternoon at 4 o'clock
there wtll be a union meeting of all
teachers ot boys' classes and pf the
boya themselves, eapeclally of thote In
tbe "teen" ago to study the latest
methods of dealing with boy's work.
On Monday at • p. m, there will be a
lecture illustrated by colored lantern
vl#wa 1 all priie pletur-wit on "Sk-l-oe-
title Church Work."
Admission tteo to all meotings.
Conversation    Recorded   Scheme   to
Provision German Ships Off
. South America
PIflLADBLPHIA, Sopt. 2S,-Proof
that the Immense coal, ship stores and
food cargoes of two Norweglnn tramp
steamers, the Somersad and Pram,
now lying, in the Delaware river, where
to be delivered to German warahlps off
the coast of South America, resulted
Sundny In the cancellation* of the
ealllngs of both vessels from this port
and the cargoes will bo taken off iMonday, Dictagraph records of h con* *
ference In New York city, whlob'lb teijJL
said, was Attended -by t^reieMatiyjs*^^
of the Hamburg-American hlw'- a^ji*^^
Hasler Brother, claimed to be charter'- * *
ere ot tbe two ships, brought lo light
the secret destination of the cargoes,
although the port records fthotv that
both the Someraad and Pram Intended
to sail for Bahla, Brasll.
The promise of a substantial bonus
running Into tour figures to Captain
Ak«ittou», V< the S-otuersnd «14 tkip-
tain Oimmtl of the Fram. ai M at i -,
guarantee to the owner* to |*otect
them against low of any kind, ratde *•
by offlrlal* of tbe Hamburg-American
line, were other point* of evidence td'
duccd at thc conference and recorded
by the dictagraph.
turn ««*<m»4   MUtti-itf     itm    vi    «**|
Jj(i3J-w' .*V.1*4 u*! 'Ai- ij<.\ii-wJ.'*4 ii-w.t'i
will W held *i the home of Mrs.  O.
-ateVeaaelL ?7 Jaffray str*#t   Tae*-
day, October dtb. from S to I o'clock.
September i», William IS. Rutaell,
i   .,,       ....
---»'**      *■ r. ..K,.^.9.mtm*    *.. t,      0<,4^,      „*,,,.     „.
unti^er* Tib fr* jwrlnr?   jiii)i"u' hii'lrui
ttons from relativet !n the State*.
*,**-■«%'*■#   n-xtk    ***** ■■*      t"*.*ti't*'d>k,«      nknbn*   Xdkk
Tbaaktcivtag alght, Octobtr lttb, art
stIMoa like taffy spplea, and it Is
feared tbat tha committee win bave to
eat! for a reprtat
session of tbe Alberta Legislature,
which opens next week, la likely to be
of short duration, probably a week or
tea days. At long ta no contentious
legislation te Introduced, tke opposition leader has otpremrd hf-t wff!f»r-
TOUI.OIT8B, Francs, Sept. 30-Ex-
Premlet o*#org«Ci#m'#nr'#jiu,« newtpt-
per, Homme Libre, which wm trana-
ferrod to this citv from Paris, hat
been suspended for eftfbt dayi by Oan-
eral Baltlou.
The Governor ot Touloune titled M.
l'lwn«-in-eau to take out aetmi pn**"
nnenn of an ankle In today's l*«ue
which   b* conalderad  too tloleatly
»B«tii^     V ft*i*9ntt*t,r.nitt tiiitti' fn***i*a
sml »bi» r#n**rat Minn-iiMt-M tliu w*»«l#»
Issue tnd ordered the su«i«iiiil«ti of
the newspaper.
About thirty ftetsiaee ara driliiag
nightly on the ground ta froet ot their J nets to espedite proceedings,
homet near the rok* ot rns. Theteare
tbe nw* who vo!iiT>t**fH for, o*rrte*
with the eenUaffent.
-■m*~,9tm4-*~.-«*,wi-«*mmi*» *mim«*>vi*m-
The seventh Installment of 'Lucille
l^ov*. th# «irt of Mys«#ry." ll ktwdted
tor Priday next, tf yen bav* not teen
fhe first series begin now; miry ia*
ttallment ts a complete story
-*-   9$*$
An eieataa spent l.n the Itis It well
not emnttd, ** mt films ««la-
enmetlr* end *d**nti*mt:   knmnmtt*
As the National Red Cross Society | wiikoM t«li»rit>. i»t»r«ttlag witbeat
rw)tr*M tktt soppllet be made accord- > being tedious
11 a. m. "Not Pone*, bat t Sword";
T:!d p. m. "faring for tho Wouad*«l";
i:M p. m, Sunday «chool; 7:3b p. m.
Wf^Tt"Ax]\ prayer nwctlug, A wn-
dial iaviuuon to yea. W. i. Mie-
Qtiarrif. B, A, Ministtr.
♦ ♦
♦ Nonce dp
♦   +
♦ i ttn iiMi«iicf>meiii ut ib* lira- ♦
♦ i#su Mints, Nordegg, AIU, d«- ♦
m *'.rt-n the  TMitrict   to  rajaeot ♦
♦ men to stay away  from Ihelr #
♦ mlnet, as there art already  a #
♦ numtwr of men ia caflsp vben ♦
♦ iU»» ««• uMbi» to emptor.        ♦"
♦ #
•tt ,
> «' ^^^^f^^'vr^r^^.V'
L*r'*'j^. ~f"t9i">^" *•*"'-"*"* Vj"V"
page ywo
War Alternatives
By Ernest Untermann
The European war may result in the
following alternatives:
England-France-Russia    win,    Ger-
-. many-Austria lose.
Emgland-France-Hussia lose, Germany-Austria Win.
England-France win, Russia loses.
England-France lose, Russia wins.
Germany-Austria must win and lose
■together. The fourth alternative mentioned is the least probable. If
France-England lose, Russia's chances
are negligible. The Russian army and
navy are not what they seem on paper. In reality the Russian army is
an unwelldy. poorly trained, badly
equipped and unreliable body, hamp-
pered by a lack of railroads, scattered
over a vast territory, worm-eaten with
Internal corruption, ahyays decimated
by a larger percentage of starvation
and campaign diseases than any other
army of Europe. The inefficiency of
the Russian navy was demonstrated
in the war against Japan, and it has
not improved since. A Russian Invasion of Germany and Austria to a
dangerous degree is out of the question. It is merely a matter of speculation for yellow newspapers.
The third alternative—a .French-
English victory and a Russian defeat
—seems the most probable from a
superficial observation of the theoretical military elements. But a close
acquaintance with the practical facts
on all sides will not permit the pre
diction of a certain defeat for Germany-Austria. '
War Decided Ashore -
It seems impossible* for 'the German
navy to whip the combined English-
French fleet. At best, the German-
Austrian navy will escape complete
destruction. The most likely policy
of the German-Austrian navy* will -be
for the first stage of the war, to let
a fetf swift cruisers capture or destroy as many of the emeny's merchant and small war vessels as can be
found without protection on the open
Atlantic and Pacific. The great German and Austrian battleships will be
saved up for the later emergencies.
Submarines, torpedo boats and mines
will carry on the first stages of the
naval battle.
If the English-French navy should
be able to force a great seatlght, a
Austrian navy will demand heavy
sacrificies on the side of the victors.
Such sacrifices can be iborne by England, which has no large army to
maintain, but they would be a fatal
calamity for France.
But this war will be decided ashore.
A victory of the combined. English-
French-iBelgium armies Is possible, but
not very certain. Germany and
Austria have all the advantage,
strategically, In n- contest on land.
England and .France, economically
and strategically on the defensive
from the start, and "France cannot
recoup her economic losses, even if
ahe should win the war. For France
this war must end, even If victorious
for her, in economic dependence upon
Germany nnd England, or upon either
of them.
Militarism and Autocracy
The daily press ia full of 'predictions
concerning the impending downfall of
Gcrmun militarism and Russian autocracy. But these predictions prove
the iinfamlllarity of the prophets with
European conditions. , Oernwil, militarism le not based upon the4 same
conditions as Russian autocracy.
German militarism Is not weak, like
Russian autocracy, but very strong,
because it rests upton a firm capitalist
basis.  Instead of being an obstacle to
the capitalist development of German
industry, it is the indispensable instrument of German industrialism.
The Russian capitalist himself is
anxious to overthrow Russian autocracy, ,but the German capitalist is
the strongest supporter of German
militarism. It is certain that the German conservative nobility and the
German capitalist will make*»heroic
efforts to reconstruct militarism, if
Germany should lose this war. German capitalism will be checked, but
not destroyed by a military defeat.
The capitalist system of Germany is
not in any. immediate danger.
In Russia the mass of the people
are in sympathy with the capitalists
and united with them iu the effort to
overthrow autocracy, and will sink all
class strife for the purpose of overthrowing the Czar. But In Germany
the Socialists are the only sincere
anti-militarists. The German Socialists, however, are still far from a
popular majority. No matter what
the outcome of the war may be, it
cannot result in an Immediate transfer of the economic and political powers to the .Socialists. If Germany
loses, there will probably be violent
revolts of the suffering people, but
these cannot endanger German militarism and capitalism. They will at
best Increase the Socialist vote, but
even so a Socialist majority will
hardly be secured ih Germany Inside
of the present generation.
A defeat of Germany might result
ln a greater restriction upon the prerogatives of the Emperor, but it will
not bring a capitalist republic, let
alone a Socialist republic. But
whether Russia wins or loses, constitutional government must encroach
upon autocracy. If Russia loses, the
combined efforts of the capitalists and
working people will force thp downfall of the Czar. If she "wins, foreign
capitalist influence will demand
greater constitutional guarantees.
If Germany wins, German mllitari-
ism will become still stronger. But
German militarism has never succeeded in Stopping the growth of the
German Socialist party, and with the
added economic pressure after the
war, even victorious militarism cannot
check Socialist sentiment. No doubt
the victorious German jingos would
make an effort to restore the Bls-
"mrcEIan"lawi of exception. " One*
might almost wish that they would
.for these laws have been one of the
strongest levers of Socialist strength
in Germany.
British and German Militarism
The outcome of the war will not
change anything essential In the relations between capitalists and work-
ing people. But It will change the
map of the European nations.
If France and England win, Alsace-
Lorraine will go back to France, and
some of the coal and ore mines In the
German Rhine province will go with
It. England will take back Helgoland. If Russia wins'at the same
time, a part of eastern Prussia, of
Austrian Gallcla and of Roumania
will be taken by Russia. The control
of the Dardanelles will be settled by a
mutual agreement ibetween Russia,
England and France. German influence In Turkey and Asia Minor will
bo wiped out. England will divide
Asia Minor with Russia and again a
direct conwnunlcntton between its
African and East Indian colonies.
France will fortify itself in Morocco.
British militarism will triumph over
German in east and central. Africa.
If German and Austria win, Bel-
glum will become a vassal of Germany.   The Belgian sea coast, witn
the great port of Antwerp, will be
dominated by the German navy and
merchant marine. Calais, in France,
will become a German port, with a
portion of its Hinterland. Russia will
lose some of its Baltic ports—Poland,
Galicia and a strip of southwestern
Russia on the Black sea. Austria
will occupy.Albinia -and fortify itself
in iBosnia and Herzegovina. Servia
will become dependent up Austria.
The Bo-sphorus and the Dardanelles
will cut the communication between
Egypt and East India by taking Ko-
velt and occupying southern Persia.
Lritish East Afrca, the Belgian Congo
and a portion of Soudan will be lost
to England, am! with thom the Brit-
ish railway control from Cape to
-.Viro. If Portugal takes sides in thc
war against Germany, thj West and
I'ast African colonies of Portugal will
a sc ibe taker, by Germany. British
ana French imperialism will te
checked and crippled.
The United States
The colonial supremacy of the
United States ln Mexico, South Amer-
lc, the Pacific islands and China I"
also at stake in this war. Neutrality
will be profitable for the greit American capitalists, so far as the theatre
of war in Europe is concerned. But
it is very doubtful, whether colonial
neutrality can be maintained, if Japan
takes up arms in the far east. If
American neutrality cannot be maintained In the Pacific and In* Mexico,
t'hen the commercial and financial
chances of the America capitalists
will also suffer in Europe, at least so
long as the war lasts. After the war,
the victorious and defeated nations
will all need supplies and money, even
if the United States cannot remain
Meat Market
that even the Polish Socialists would
add to the national sentiment.
The colonial expansion of Germany
in Africa and Asia.\will mean greater
burdens for the German working people. This will also mean more Socialist sentiment, but still not enough
of it to ease the burden materially.
And so the German Socialists have
very, little sympathy to spare for Ger- j
man imperialism, even though they
recognize it as inevitable.
Some claim that British imperialism
is far superior in domestic privileges
to German imperialism, and that for
this reason British imperialism should
recive the support of Socialist sentiment in this crisis. But this is a fairy
tale. The British political system is
not In force In the so-called'crown
colonies, least of all in India and East
Africa. There British imperialism is
every bit as tyrannical as German,
And the two-party system, with its
ministerial addition, is strongly com-
batted by the Labor and Socialist
parties of Great Britain, because it
perpetuates the same Imperialist
clique under the misleading disguise of
reforms. A single glance at Germany
proves that British imperialism has
been a greater obstacle to the growth
of a strong Socialist Party than German militarism and imperialism com-
Some Devout Wishes
The sincere Socialist cari; do nothing
else in this crisis but to wish a plague
on all Imperialist and capitalist houses.
But devout wisihes will not change
disagreeable facts. For the breakdown of Russian autocracy and German militarist imperialism, we would
wish for a successful uprising of Russian and German workers. But tin
•Socialist .Party is in the minority, anrl
besides is not organized for any military action. For the benefit of the
African, East Indian and Chinese people we might wish for an uprising of
the Mohammedans which should overthrow British, French, German,
Italian and   Russian   rule   In  Africa
■The situation in Mexico is shaping and Asia.   But if such a Mohammedan
We make all our own Sausages
They are the BEST
Bir,    PORK,   VKAL,   MUTTON,   FISH,
A trial order will convince you that our
prfc<§« & meat* i»r« the BSST
itself inevitably for an American intervention against Villa and an American occupation of northern .Mexico,
which may bring the United' States
into final conflict also with Carranza
and southern Mexico. Any redistribution of the Mexican land which does
not contemplate a liberal compensation fer American landlords will be
opposed by the United States, ifneed
be by force of arms, This development is all the more likely as an
armed intervention of Japan in the
far eftst will offer_a._splendld ,nonor._,
tunlty for American capitalists to
throw the Japanese rivals out of (Mexico and South America. Since the
United States would have thelbacking
of Germany in such an undertaking,
and since English capitalists are by
far the moat serious competitors of
American capitalists In Mexico, South
America and the Pacific, also In China,
It seems that destiny, has ordered a
war between the United States and
England, which is bound to break out,
if not now, then a few years la^er.
And no Sqclaltrt Party In this country
will be strong enough to stop It.
What Is It to Us'Socialists
.Socialists everywhere are figuring
out whether the Socialist Parties
should take sides ln this war, or will
be compelled to take sides, not in the
interest of capitalist Imperialism, but
In the interest of the social revolution.
A brief survey of the principal facts
will show that there is too little to be
gained by taking sides, and that our
sanest and most successful policy will
he to emphasise the International
community of Interests of all workers.
In order to realize this solidarity, tbe
best method will be to continue building up the Socialist Party and to let
the capitalists do what we cannot prevent.
Some Socialist writers affect a
predlllctlon for German militarism,
others for British militarism, on the
ground that either the one or the
other would finally serve the Interests
of th* social revolution most, But
thiH partiality shows a national bias,
Inspired by unconscious sentimental
leaning, and will not be adopted generally as a leading policy of tbe Socialist Party, neither In this country
nor In any other. Of course, tbe
British, French and Oerman Socialists
cannot help being dragged into the
national vortex so long as their national Integrity as an Industrial unit
Is at stake, but nevertheless, the
dominant note of all MoHaUM* will bc
during and after the war. es It was
beforo the outbreak or hostilities, the
International solidarity of all workers.
It Is true tbat German militarism
and Imperialism has not stopped tbe
growth of German HwlnH*m snd will
not stop It In thet future, But thero
j wilt be no gain for the Germsn So-
I flu-Hut   pirtv In  *i.*f   tf*.*tiri'9tnt*   ***  ***.
I German domain In   fWmnnv   ot to
foreign continent*.  The working peo-
uprising should materialize, it is very
doubtful whether it could succeed.
And if it did, it would not mean an
advance of those conuntries in the direction of Socialism. It wou'-l be a
step backward in industrial development, and no relief for the African
and Asiatic working people.
We can do nothing better than to
build up our party and to continue
our educational propaganda.—N. Y.
isMaiBJSlSIS^^ ,
backs broken in two, of arms twlBted
wholly off, of men Impaled upon their
bayonets, of legs smashed up like bits
of firewood, of heads sliced open Uke
apples, of other heads crunched into
soft jeilly1 by the iron hoofs of horses,
of faces trampled out of all llkenew to
anything human. This is what skulks
behind a "splendid charge." This Is
what follows, as a matter of course,
when our fellows rode at tbem in
style and cut tbem up famously.—
Charles Dickens,
Capitalism Is the greatest criminal
In all the world, and ail the governments of the world are anxious to protect lt.
The man who wears the -blinders of
prejudice can not have a social vision,
he can not see the meaning ofthe
world's unrest.
250 - VOTES • 250
For every purchase of
Toilet Requisites to value
of 25 cents
This offer will end on
Sat* next. Do you realize
what this means? 1,000
votes for $1*00 spent on
Toilet requisites
Remember, it is ABSOLUTELY FREE
to the Winner
VL K. Davidson
Proprietor       :•:       :•:
Phone 89
A Man of Genius and of Rare Executive Ability
/The British public knows hardly
anything about Jellcoe. Millions of
our people never even heard his
name. He Is a young man, as British
admirals go. (His face and figure
do not Instantly Impress the stranger
like Sir John Fisher's. The latter's
mahogany bulldog face, blue-stained
when the still beard is clean shaved,
hia atrong silver-gray bullet head of
tousled hair, the powerful jaws and
humorous but almost brutal mouth,
and the searchlight eyes peering under thick, black eyebrows thut stick
out aggressively, simply fascinate.
The new commander-in-chief In the
North sea—or elsewhere--Is not a bit
like that.
Jelllcoe l* less rugged, more
sleek, If you will, less ostentatiously
assertive, It Is the difference between rougInhBired and smooth-
haired t»rri«>rt expressed in terms of
British admirals. But there ls nothing of the drawing room knight
aliout him. Atiyone who entertained
thnt view of him would be making
an egregious mistake, and if he ox-
pressed   It   In   certain ta too-armed
;;.».,..;,.,, .,*»i.. 4*.f ,ri4iu*ivi} mmi-
trft** i Wnrlt e*v(*
Tho blue-jackets admin- him cot-
pie of Russian Poland will not get any I talnly aa much as ever th»y did that
more political rights under German popular old sea-dog, or a vastly differ-
mllltarlsm than they will under a re- ent and more old-fashioned type, Lord
term** ttrtmalii,  iiilt*,.riPy    ▼».,„- -;•'")■„■!,,  ■V-.tt.mittt'i.    o'km.iu-b  ,* **t *»x>-
even get less, for at present the Polish! standing, slim, alert figure, or wbat
people get at least the right to Polish j boners would call the crulserwelght,
schools and Polish  worship   in   the and his bronxed, oval face would look
churches, whereas the German 'Poles
must iHirn   Oi-rman   In   tho public j
schools and pray in Oerman.   It might i
b" argued tlmt * Herman oci:i»jw!ion j
would naturally result iri a greater <**->
<-!fil|«t  sentiment ir Polstid,    But    h!
Oerman occupation   would pour   so;
almost aa tnm to life as a K. Ca wig
»* it doea In an admiral's cocked bat.
Ii* has th# "lont, ntlventnmit* oo**"
the soldier's and the poetic brow, ami
nntt*r •trulirht, aeniitlyt* pj-fbroivs,
tli ore look out at you a imlr ot keen
eyes, dancing with deviltry. The
much more oil on Polish nationalism, i mouth is slightly austere, and yet full
i of fun.
Hit Many Escapes
TM«    ft    tb*    eommtin-forfucWcf
mmtLva mit*.* - — -  -mmm tmtwo I "f ,h* ,,r,U*,, ,,w** •' tht *****
record of s«rvlce is well enough
known to attentive readers of the
newspaper. He was on (he llWated
Victoria when she was rammed
and sank with her admiral and so
many gallant seamen of ell ranks.
Perhaps Jelllcoe's rescue was due to
his fine swimming and general good
luck. Perhaps his star ordained It
in prescience of great events to
come. Was it Providence or chance,
and are tbey the same things? He
was a leading figure In the Pekln
expedition, when all the powers now
at each other's throats combined to
save the. embassies from the tfiry
of tbe Boxers, In that adventure be
got a bad wound. He was once the
tbe hero of e peculiarly gallant rescue
at sea, when his prowess ss e swimmer appeared once more. Though
he le an ell-round man—a handy
man In every sense—gunnery la his
forte. When be commanded the
Drake she was the top bull's-eye dog
of the navy.
The Nsleen Teweh
Jelllcoe was the men who, in tbe
last big naval manoeuvers, tricked
the defending cordons on our east
coast and caused eo much perturba-
tS,tii* mi.it tr-uttti.tji.) oy isnaing
tropes' to ,Ui>.iidi* i-f-ii-aiu imptii'immi
posts. ]|» seu i his troopships
right through the d#f*t»dl«g tttei
perfectly dlsgulshed ss cargo tramps
with timber deckloads.     He   even
kMtMtk-KM Ml*   UMMt   M*Ut*»   «ft 140   WOTW
is cheeky as Mr. D. 8. Wladle'e fs-
mous hank fraud. He is a highly
scientific naval strategist with gen-
loos and a sense or humor. He
knows the laws of see strategy from
A to f„ and hss th* roitrage to
break them ell when he is In the
mw>rf fnr Imyrovlilnn. lu alua,
be baa the true .V«iso» touch. That,
at any rate, is the conviction of
the British navy nn^l the confident
belief of the itorA* or fhe British
tion net tmtrotmy by landing
.Vfmfrnfrr.'Ttt* <firfu«, ui't*lu*Ui> u£
his genius well appears in ne Incident
for whlrh .Telllioe wa»   responsible
rial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000      Ileum Fond ....f7,000,000
0. ft. WILKIE, Preside*        HON. ftOIT JAFFRAY, Vlee-Free.
Arrowhead, Cranhreek, Fernie, Golden, Kamleepe, Mlehel, Neleeti,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver ind Vktertt.
Interest mowed en depeelte it e*rreet rate from date ef depee*.
FiaNIl BRANCH A. M. OWlIf MtWftf
TTH131 f^AWAl^TAWllAKnr
* ni?' phmmi?ii r!i?
WU1*, Tltli Dtads, Mortgftgtt, Imtiftiict Pollcfef
or othtr valuables In ont ol theae boxoa
:| '     mammmmmm. ■   **
.   „ _   , POR PWRTIIER WPORMATIOlf AttVtttt
P. B. Powlor, Manager
Pernie Branch
f|       IOW      ftlt**.      I*t*tt       **l,9lni 99 4
Tke kittle squadron of one of two
rival fleets was it n beautifully sare
anchorage. Bute careful lookout
ares being kept ill the'sine. Three
.nu'tu" were sighted Ui*tin» in at
lite dusk. They were etudleeely ex-
Aiuluo-J. but lUlr suite, end the in*
diee on deck, wen quite reassuring.
The sells were iommtno*. itffoet«*ny
hiding the disguised funnels ta torpedo craft, and tke "ladles" were
hraeeey hie«jackets decked out faj
IkUuUU, *IU» umm >«mk| lieutenant j
ll white yachting decks gtftty twanging «   tfnnio   and   warbling   a love
dWv tJt* retOit* m«« ttt**-r ,;*--ii'J!
the battlssblp., net praeettly owe
of them commnlcsted the tied U-
conic iidtan. "Bey, nhoy there's; wt
bete just put a eoopto ttt torpedoes
Bit* yoo-wi're Torpedo Bolt III,
Tit others ire doing the Mm aB
along the Use. Do you hear the
rowf Aad there wet a row* tint
amy, that "nwtm horribly In mux-
dem," might bem Picked up a few
wrimhlM it naval ptwtnntty that
eight. The admiral's language wat
perfectly Pygasellea. Thet won a
Joke. Item it wffl be tbe ml tktet
tm the navy trusts Jenicoe all tie
wMt^, a o. fn tdmtmltWmiiii -
lave a Keg of War
Uncovered Here, Too
By Allan L. Benson
The time to save your life is before
you are shot. The time to prevent war
ia before it breaks out. Europe is
learning these lessons to her great
cost. We shall learn the same lessons
at equal cost unless we move while
there is still time.
This oountry ls In great danger of
war." Every great country is at all
times in,.great danger of war. The
fact that a country Is great means
that Jt Is rich. The fact that a country is rich means that the caipitalists
of other nations envy the trade and
the riches of that country. The fact
that country is heavily armed ls proof
that it considers Itself to -be in great
The United States is heavily armed'.
It has one of the greatest navies of
the world. This navy now includes
forty .first-class battleships. Of theee
battleships, many are' dreadnaughts
and super-dreadnaughts. Among these
super-dreadnaughte- Ib the greatest
super-dreadnaught ln the world. We
are building the biggeBt ships that
money, brains and deviltry can lay
down. We are adding to our navy every year. If the riches of our capitalists, the extent of our trade and the
wealth of our country do not invite
attacks, why are we arming so heavily? We do not know when the attaJck
may come nor from whom it may come,
but the rich men, who control this
country, feel that they'should be prepared for all emergencies. We now
know, If we never knew before, that a
continent can be transformed from a
peaceful continent to a warring continent in about fourteen days.
' * .'•   "
The curse of Europe is autocracy
and secret diplomacy. Autocraicy and
secret diplomacy brought ahout this
great war. But in another form, and
in a form almost aB dangerous, we
have autocracy an dsecret diplomacy
in this oountry. We have autocracy
in the sense that the President of the
United States has it in his power—
and exercises the power—to shape the
foreign policies of this government to
hia will.  We have secret diplomacy te
so far that Mr. Lind once boarded a
warship aod raced from Mexico to
Louisiana to see the President when
he was spending the holidays in the
south last year. ' He could have
cabled in code. Every day ambassadors cable in code. At that .time, ambassadors were cabling in code from
Mexico. But the desire for secrecy
was so great that- Mr. Lind trusted
nothing to the cable, and refused td
be interviewed after he had seen the
The public knew nothing of President Wilson's 2-o'clock-in-the-morning
order to "Take Vera Cruz" until after
Vera Cruz had been taken. Mr. Wilson's action in attacking Vera Cruz
-bordered so seriously upon usurpation
of the rights of Congress to declare
war that IMr. Wilosnte friends in
Congress hastened to obtain the adoption by Congress of a resolution "justifying" the President's action. Mr.
Wilson evidently knew that if the
■word "justify" were thus used by
Congress, he could not thereafter be
impoaciied. if anybody should feel so
disposed, for violating that part of the
constitution which gave to Congress
rather than to himself, tbe right to order an attack upon another country.
Presidents are not only secretive
in handling our diplomatic negotiations, 'but Congress itself is secretive.
Our rulers still proceed upon the old-
world assumption that when otir relations with another country become
strained, tbe essential, facts ahout
whatever negotiations are in progress
should be suppressed. At such times,
lt is the rule in the senate to consider
foreign relations in executive session
—that is, behind closed doors. The
committees on foreign relations, at
such times, also meet in secret. Every man who knows a fact is mum.
*   * . •
Now the time has come to end this
sort of thing. The time has come when
the people should compel recognition
of the fact that the more dangerous a
situation lBlpthe more reason that they
should know all about it. It is monstrous that0 the tremendous power of
shaping our.foreign -policies should be
exercised solely.by. the President—It
the senselhatthT public is not trusted
at the times when it should be most
We know practically nothing of the
instructions that are given to our
ministers and ambassadors to other
We know practically nothing of the
correspondence tbat goes on between
the state department and our representatives abroad.
•■ We do not know to this day what
correspondence passed between tbe
Taft administration In Washington, and
Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson in
the city of Mexico from the time (Madero wae murdered, uuttl Prealdent
Wilson "accepted" the resignation of
the ambaeaadbr.
We did not know, until years afterward, that Spain informed our minister tn Madrid, General Stewart L,
Woodruff, that ahe would get out of
Cuba and meet" all of our other de*
mawjs without going to war. This
fact wat kept secret that we might go
to war, but wis published years later,
by General Woodruff himself, in his
.   " .,*•*•■».
We eeldom know of anything tm*
portent until after It has taken place.
When John Und wes sent to Mexico
upon behalf of tht President, nothing
except the most general statements
were made about hit mission aud nothing at all about hit Instructions. Mr.
Lind would not give a word of Information to the newapepera. The Pree-
leent and the Secretary of State were
at mum. So far as outward appear-
aoces were concerned, It might havt
been considered that Mr. Und wat ft*
' Ing to (Mexico upon private business
for Mr. Wilson.  Secrecy wae carried
is monstrous that what is done both
by the President and by the Senate
and tbe committees upon foreign relations is bo often kept secret.
These policies spell war. They
almost spelled war last spring In
Mexico. What protection is it to the
nation to deny tbe President the power
to declare war and to vest this power
in Congress If the'President Is to have
the power to bring war upon the country by the manner ln which he conducts our rorelgn relationships?
llie President should not conduct
the foreign policies of the United
State* Tbe foreign policies of the
United States should he conducted by
Congress, acting through a committee
composed of member sot each house.
The chairman of this committee should
be elected by both houses of Congress In joint tetslon and r hould rank
as the bead of our department of foreign relatione. In power, he should
supercede the Secretary td State. In
fsci, be thoutd be the Secretary cf
State. He ahould not, like past seen*
tarter and tbe present Secretary of
Slate, represent tnly the will of the
President He should represent the
will of Congress. In mutters of grot
mrment, he tlnold do only what Congress might order done. To be chairman of the committee It should nol
be necessary that he be a member of
CoofrattH hut whether a member of
Contrast or not, he should have the
right to go upon the floor of either or
both Houses of Contrast and discuss
mullein jterUJiUng to hi* Outlet.
And, all business transacted by this
committee thould be aide public upon tht instant.
At the close of each day, tr aot before, every letter, teiegram or cable
gram sent to an American embassador, mtoister or consul should be
made public, Every day each communication, verbal or otherwise, as there
may have been with Washington representatives of foreign nations should1 be
given to the press.
Kvery communication from the
ruler of a foreign power should be
made public upon its receipt. So-
called ettiquette forbids that a letter received! from a foreign potentate shall not, In many Instances,
be disclosed unless he himself shall
disclose it. The cablegram from the
Kaiser in which he accused his enemies of being barbarians was kept
secret in Washington until made public in Europe. Foreign potentates
should be given to understand that all
messages directed to the President of
this republic, or to any other official
of this republic, are, in fact, messages to the people of the United
States. Foreign powers should be
given to understand that all messages
sent to other nations by the officials
of this nation are In fact messages
sent by the people of the United
We should entirely sweep away the
fiictlon that the people of the United
States are children and thus in need
of guardians to act for them. We
should insist upon the fullest measure
of daylight upon our foreign relationships.
Daylight would have prevented the
war with Spain.
'Publicity would have prevented our
collision with Mexico; that it to say,
publicity coupled with power would
have doue so. The people of the
United States had no enthusiasm for
war with Mexico. The news that war
had apparently been begun, fell upon
the country like a wet blanket. If
the question of whether we should
fight Mexico for "Insulting our flag"
had been put to a vote of the people,
nothing Is more certain than that the
people would have voted to mind our
own business and let Mexico settle its
own troubles.
***'.**. *
.We  are  now  sailing upon, much
TOngtjerseBsniran~we~w"ef Blast spHngT
We shall sail, for many years, upon
rougher seas. Tbe war now raging
in Europe -may be tbe first of a series
of wars that will last for decades.
The Napoleonic wars lasted twenty
years. Nothing is more certain than
that this war will be followed by
others. There will not only be wars
between nations—say Russia and
Greet Britain, tor instance—but there
will be revolutions.
The Austro-Hungarlan Empire is already practically shot to pieces.
If Germany loses, the Empire and
the Hohonrollern dynasty will be
smashed aa soon as the Germans can
.mutter tbe forces and bring on revolution.
In every quarter are enormous possibilities for danger to the United
force..,. This war has demonstrated
that if Socialists believe their country
has been attacked, they will fight for
it. It thus comes about that most of
the Socialists of Europe are fighting
each other.
We must democratize the war-making power or the international solidarity! of our party becomes something
to be talked about in peace and wept
about in war.
As matters now stand, almost every
King in Europe has the power to destroy our international solidarity -by
waging an aggressive .var. The President of the United States, if he wanted to, could drag this country into
war, and the Socialists of the country
thus attacked would feel it their duty
to fight us.
For the good of our party, we must
do our best to end this situation, so
far as.it pertains to the United
States, for the good of themselves,
should help us and will help us if we
put the facts before them. It is not
enough for us to say that In fighting
capitalism we are fighting war. We
should make the democratization of
the war-making power an immediate
demand and the message should go
forth to the people of the United
"The Socialist Party of the United
States demands that no more wars be
begun by the United States except
by direct vote of the people themselves."
Which Local will have the honor of
initiating this additional plank to our
national platform?
I wish a thousand Locals would
claim the honor within a week after
reading this.—Appeal to Reason,
Every once in a while some cheerful individual remarks to us; "Well,
now that the paper is out, I suppose
you can take it easy for three or four
Yes, how dolightful it is that an
editor has nothing to do between press
days. Business runs automatically,
When paper bills come due money
drops off the trees -with which to pay
them. Suscribers vie with each
other to see who can pay the farthest
in advance. And the way the ne,ws
hunts up the editor is also pleasant to
contemplate. There is something
really strange about the way news
Items act. When the paper is out the
editor simply goes to his desk and
leans .back hi his easy chair and looks
wise and waits for next .week's press
day. The day before press day the
people Jine up in front of the office
door, and then they file past the desk
and tell tflm all the news of the week.
He writes It up in fifteen or twenty
minutes, takes lt back and hangs
it on the hook. The compositors take
the copy, shaike it over the type cases,
say a few mystdc .words, and after a
few passes by the foreman the forms
are ready for the press again. And
the editor goes down and deposits
some money in the bank. It is the
greatest snap in the catalogue. (Now,
if the editor could only do away with
press day his job would be complete.
—iMadison Labor News.
The Ledger reaches more readers
than any other paper in the Pass.
Tortures qf Political
Prisoners in Russia
(Rus»ian    Poland)
Terrible abuses occur in this prison.
Prisoners should get meat every
Thursday and Sunday., but the administration steals the money provided
for their maintenance. For this
reason prisoners have not seen meat
for several months. Often for mere
trifles the assistant to the plrson director applies such punishments as
"fcartser" and flogging. The least
misunderstanding between .prisoners
"SRd=eET*repreuvurs—\ccn tractors j7=who-
use prisoners for th.eir work and bribe
the prison administration, is punished
with at least twenty-five to fifty
strokes. Several weeks.ago a group
of prisoners wbo stood out against a
new proposal of the contractor to
lower wages one-half a kopeck were
(beaten with twenty-five strokes each,
except Shwicki, who received fifty.
A short time ago Wradzlav Urbanik, a
young prisoner, 21 years old, hanged
himself, only to escape being flogged.
The Wllno "Katorga" for Women
The conditions of our life are simply unendurable, AU around la
unendurable. At present there are
among us so many consumptive women. And very many who will be-
come consumptive. It Is terrible to
look at our poor companions fadiug
away day by day. I have only been
here five months, and during this lime
If our American capitalists should!
deem it wise to he drawn into foreign I «0»«th>n* terrtW« **mem incessant-
war, either to extend trade or to! '*t0 ,hort*n bBm*n ,,f*- Di*tb takel
drown out discontent at home, they ■Ui *w*y on« b* 0Ml RM»r tnd hettU>'
woujtf use all their powers to bring (looking girls end their Uyes In five
about* war. European capitalistsimm&»- la
brought on the war in Buropt-our | "un ■WJr co,d' w* «•* "° *u,,t* D0
|«caplttllstt are no better nor any dlKer- rottlreMM' onlJf • COir8e mm ,ikm%
ent American capitalist! clamored I n"Ued t0 lbe bftd- w* were **** cold-
for war with Spain and with Mexico. I M,5y ot Ul "ept u9att th* b*w ttoar-
We know not when they may clamor !The tooi l§ •*t™»«-y *»*<»• * lot of
for another war. j Illness ie caused by uot eatlug In
We should be prepared.  We should j,uffl<Heat n««Utltt or starving our-
secuted at their work. There Is a
spinning mill ln the prison, where tho
priosn linen is woven; this work increases the amount of consumption.
Still we (political prisoners) would
gladly go to do this work—even at
the cost of life—ln order to forget for
a moment about our misery. iBut they
understand our secret desire, and will
not have us employed. Can you understand this Bpeclal method of torture?
The worst of all ls the hunger. The
money provided for maintenance _of
n prisoner is seven and one-half kopecks. They give black, damp bread,
some nasty, stinking soup,' no meat,
and in its place nine spoonfuls of
groats, and can we be healthy with
only this sort of food? We simply
have no strength to endue it any longer. You would be terrified to see us;
we are simply walking skeletons.
The severity of discipline cannot
be described—-there is no possibility
of ever seeing our comrades from
neighboring cells. . . . Prisoners
sentenced to ten years ot "katorga"
suffer hunger. They have no tea, no
sugar—nothing. No help comet from
the world of freedom! -Help us, comrades!
•   •   •
A Letter From Orel
Since July, 1908, each party of new-,
comers is received with a whole series
of tortures. Tbey are thrashed and
struck with fists, knives, hoots; often
wooden rollers for mangling linen are
the human race, orders the trial, and
draws up the great criminal indictment of conquerors and captains. The
witness, History, is summoned. The
reality appears. The fictitious brilliancy is dissipated. In many cases,
the hero is a species of .assassin. The
people -begin to comprehend that in.
creasing the magnitude of a crime cannot .be its diminution; that; if to Kill
is a crime, to kill much cannot be an
extenuating circumstance; that if to
steal is a shame, to invade cannot be
a glory; that Te Deums do not count
for much in this matter; that komi-
cide is homicide; that bloodshed is
bloodshed; tihat it serves nothing to
call oae's self {Jaesar or Napoleon.;
and that in the eyes, of the eternal
God, the 'figure of a murderer Is not
changed because, instead of a gal-
low's cap, there Is placed upon the
head an Emperor's crown,
Ah! let us proclaim absolute truths!
Let us dishonor war. No; it Is not
good and it ts not useful, to make
corpses. No: it cannot be that life
travails for death. No; O, mothers
who surround me, it Cannot be tihat
war, the robber, should continue to
take from you your children. No; it
cannot be that women should bear
children In pain, that men should be
born, that people should plow and sow,
that the farmer should fertilize the
fields, and the workmen enrich the
city, that Industry should produce
marvels, that genius should produce
prodigies, that the vast human activity
should, In the presence of the starry
sky, multiply efforts and creations, all
to result ln that frightful International
exposition called war.
Arbitration of Labor Troubles Should
Be Voluntary
That compulsory arbitration of lnbor differences is neither a guarantee
of industrial peace nor the ultimate
solution of the struggle between capital and labor, is the opinion expressed
by Frank Duffy, general secretary' of
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners of America, In an article
in The Carpenter.  He says:
It Is now proposed, however, to de.
vise a method to avoid these disputes,
that method to be complitsory arbitration. Arbitration imust be voluntary
or else it is not arbitration at all.
When we speak of compulsory arbitration we mean the use of, the "big
stick"—coercion. When we are compelled  to  do  a   thing we do it re-
"Fmlt+tivas" Keeps Youag Ail Oil
In Splendid Hull*
Scotland, Ont., Aug. 25th. 1913
"Fruit-a-tives" are the only pill
manufactured, to my way of thinking.
They work completely, no griping
whatever, and one is plenty for any
ordinary person at a dose. My wife
wasa martyr to Constipation. We tried
everything on the calendar without
satisfaction, and spent large sums of
money until we happened on "Fruit-
a-tives", I cannot say too much in
their favor.
. We have used them- in the family for
about two years and we would not use
anything else as long as we can get
Their action is mild, and no distress
at all. I have recommended them to
many other people, and our whole
family uses them",
Those wbo have been cured by. "Fruit-
a-tives" are proud and happy to tell a
sick or ailing friend about these wonderful tablets made from fruit juices.
50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
At all dealers or sent on receipt of priee
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.'
pleases for the product which he puts
on the market for sale, while preventing the workmen from securing a
higher rate of wage than the one authorized, by tbe compulsory arbitration court, which will cause much dissatisfaction and discontent and will be
unsatisfactory to tbe wageworkers, as
lt <will evidently work disadvantageous!)' to thetn. —The Observer.
not only Insist upon a constitutional \ ",m-  ^o** of **»»•* •»<* nnaemla
amendment taking from Congreae and: '• d*0***1'
giving to the people the rtgbt to  de-'   "N* bUlck brotd •■ •"ri'ri im»*
dire wir by ballot, but we should I,Bd **** **• **■«►» •*• «*"» **
tnbe form th« PiwiMsut and glv«   to ,r* n^ wcrt'1 l",y*h'B»   I** natural
Oongrett the power to lay down wM ft ,,|B••, 0f lM Wnd"' *•*"**•
foreign policies. lence of digestion, etc.
•  • • j   Of course, "tenter" la all Itt forms
And this to members of the Socialist Is •'« *» no '•" * ***• *• C«UM
Party: I of mtny Illnesses.  Ont for of "hart-
Our responsibility In these matters'wr* punishment consists of locking
It no leu thtn that of other dUttnt. j»» *• "l«d»eiyN (tort of wooden
■iso used for this purpose.  Tills be-
VUU     -fcHWU      M-tVp - ttt    tl.il I ... .
early spring when lt .to ,B« «W»»to« by the words: "Ymi
are in Orel, and Orel (eagle) la the
king of all birds!" Or "You are In
Orel, and I am now your Tear and
your God!"
Whenever a little cross wat found
on a newcomer he was flogged the
more.   "You believe in Ood and disobey his commandments.   Now that
you are come to  our  'katorga'   we
thill teach you real faith!" No cross.
It it Just the tame, we mutt undergo!
cruel punishment.  "You don't believe'
in Ood, we shall remind you of him." j
"Edited by Cracow  Union of ffelpj
for Political Prisoners in Russia.
luctanllyninwllUngly andagalnst the
grain. Is it possible that under these
circumstance we would gracefully accept a decision from a compulsory arbitration court? Hardly! That would
be a compulsory settlement, and we
feel such a setlement would not be
satisfactory to employer or employes.
Under compulsory arbitration the
wageworkers would be forced to submit their demands for higher wages,
a shorter workday or better working
conditions to a court of arbitration.
They would have no choice whatever
In the matter; it would be compulsory
on tbem to do so, and, furthermore,
they would have to abide by tbe award,
when rendered, whether satisfactory
to tbem or not, This is nothing more
or less than slavery and brings us to
the proposition, disguise it as we may,
Uiat compulsory arbitration is compulsory labor.
Tbe only article the wageworker has
to sell is his labor, and now it U proposed that the price of labor shall be
regulated by arbitration courts. The
wage rate which tbe employer must
pay must also be determined by these
courts. Out there is no power or authority to regulate the price at which
the products of labor will be sold—a
condition, therefore, which leaves th*
employer   to   charge  .whatever   he
We Are Ready to Scratch
off you' bill any item of lumber ttt
found Just as we represented.  Tbere
ts no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you c»ui spruce wt do aot
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't Blip la a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our icqualntaaaa
art taking chances they wouldn't ta*
counter tr tbey bought their lumber <
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,  Shingles,  ttth and
Doors.    SPICIALTIM-MouttMfe,
Turnings, Brtekett, tnd Detail Work
Opptiltt 0. N. Depot   P.O. fox t%
Phone ».
If wt do not beHeve in tntocrtcy
ud twrtt diplomacy we should do
our pert to end then.
If fm term with ten thtt tbe right
to de«ltrt war ateintt a nation that
hat not yet tttaekei na should be
u**o trom tbt Oongtesa ind restored
tt tbt pcopie, to bt estrctttd by dl*
rsrt bttlet, I urge you to
torn belftef late tetlta.
I urge that Locals it once start ths
machinery tn motion to obtain a vote
total tke eattre patty en tkt propo-
btds) for thirty daya About thirty
woven art compelled to lie upon the
cold asphalt floor. Thit punishment
It given fer tbe aiighteet offense.
It It dreadful to tee ooe'a friends la
Buch condttioat of life tad te tee their
pathetic and hopeless looks.
A very Hew of them are only ten-
translate j teaced for several years of "katonm"
tad are able to look forward to deliverance rrom these prison walls,
even thoufh It meant a hard life la
f-trtlf iiihuvtb.   <Mi*n. eeudeuuuid
Use lh# wm*9trmkter*tot lilt ta "kateraa," kave ae kept.
Tht tatique violence  of tbe  few
against a& called right divine. It
Hearing Itt ead.    ...   A summer-
lag which tomorrow wiil be speech,
•nd the day after tomorrow a po*p*i
proceeds trass the bruised lips td th# ]
serf, of the visit!, of the Itbortai
I man, of tht parish   Tbo un la break-!
tag between tbe teeth of tht human <
rare, The patient human race bat bad'
enough of tbe path of sorrow, aid
refuses te to farther   .   .   .   Olerjr
advertised by drumbsttn is met witb
a ehrtg ef the sbtaMer. Ik*** maor-
ttttm ntt*tt*a %*** et* tt* tttn 9tat,t*r*. *****
Stum Heated Thrtifhtat
Elector Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
•/The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
WHh Wtttt Bath 9S.«
Fire I
Raeaw ta CaaaaetiMi
Mrs. S. Jenninga, Prop.
L. A. Mitts, Manager
tttltt ta
power «f tbt attioa aad tmaafer thelites, loaf daya of aofftrtai sre bn*\iMimmd hums* nntm*' **h\»h tt*ri*^
taadtiag tl ioretge poHcttt tram  the | lore tbtas. Aa« wto *a»«» waet aaw
Frttldtat ft OtBfrfM, terttvta awtit tbtml Appaiaatly the
It nmM petkapt bt ttaitr ta hrta«|*iai3att«r«tioa>i Wkntlm «o*«tda at
aboat tbt sdepUoa et eebb a rtatta* !• "eotreet"   Yes. soft srs tbe bed
ilea by tbe aaUeoal wteewttto tamrndt- Uiagt. km bud is tbe mtokbtti
bt aach  a  pr*
from tbt raak aad file
•aaM fbtry witb it te much more
wetgM that the rank and aad His
should ba give*  ia  eppenualty  tt
Wkttt tht mt (rf ibe »orW ts tight
lis* wart mtdt kr aataetata, tm m
I inkmut tbm pmoplio of tbe La»t*a atats*.
that tba ■WHIM Nny ieemmtn that
eaty ibe pnmdo ibemntt-n* tfesii **•
trrtu IN wnrwmkint pomet.
tumtmee, t em tm to ti vt tMt
yonr Imawditts aitsauow. Tbe tetd
fi» lUnaotiiitijiiiton mt tba wswattvet
pewtr Is the grtaiM letaM thei this
war brings beaw |»-as. Tb ftidalfeft,
tats lawni eeasst nth estrwwriwy
Picture ta paartttf aewral fear*
tdorr baawt, aot Mr frem the tta*
Hon. snrrouR-led by bU(b wstts. Ho
tataM-ar bttwt wfctt ktpteat wltbta.
Ai tbt ksad af tbt prtata adatfaitit**
'. vm U Heukbut, a ***',l*kao*w lUr;
tet ktacaaw. lit hi tar ee-ealled
- father." Al hki eeataaaed pturp** tr*
negged, pat lata "ktrlser" tad
■mmedrd opm. W« «ta * art*ti
(Sad words to ttll tf kit ttvate Jeedt,
Kot wily do people try—even pale*
we-Me people meat aad watt.   Half
te be fatigued by thlf majestic nprnar
Ktatea stops eytt tad etrt before
theee aatboetstd butehartae eatttd bat-
tlet.    Tke sublime rat-throats batrt
Pmd fk*** Pa* NwMmii"  *****
Ukt tmwn ntiet, asks tt be reliev-rd
of tbt*. Tb* taaaea's pray has he-
tea la UUak. and. thiaklig twice, loses
lit tdmlrtUoa for heiag mete n Ur-
let.    .  .  .
Wkttear atys today. "Might mnkee
right,- perform* aa set ol th* middle j
mm. tad tpeskt to tmm n bandied'
yeart behind th»4r ".ion. n*titt*m*ix,'
■■a aawatra  *rweiory  wtormtn  ie*
<«gkt*eatk cunt..   The tt&toewtk
prepetwt.  th*   ttts-tteetk   *a»t*M«ai
Amt mr !••« *<*d *b»H b« t -deftera-;
traaeeil hat t«fkrsfM# nt
Excellent CuUine — American mnt,
Etirnjwitt Pin* — F!*»etrtr Ugh.
Hot & Cold Water-Sample {looms
Phones-Special Rates by the month
^yt|UH|^K     ■!&&
vansw w avasm as.
fhert Hi* from thirty to   f*mf  mnn,
PWHkal ifteuieva •«* ttrt'Mf tat*
-fbtty tofr* 1* called rmtm*. nnd
begia* te h* 'ivdgtd: wsr is arra&eMrd.
OvWaatiea. «pe« the computet   of
Bellevue Hotel
fa tm
UattOwt — Iverf
fxuefttftl Cutttne.
4. k. OALLAM, ftrSfk
•a*3 ,.y,-yy
@b* IteMt* £et>0er
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance.   An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H, NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
ioism, lend ear rather to the man who would 'amend
ra-ther than desttroy. AVe are not ready for such
violent upheavals;,and human nature is too complex, too slow, to appreciate the violent methods of
the Abolitionist.
It is always of importance that we continue an
aggressive campaign of organization among the unaffiliated workers. Whether they be skilled or unskilled, teamsters or clerks, craftsmen or laborers,
each has the rig-lit to be classed with the organized
labor movement. There is equal benefit for all
under the all-embracing banner of unionism. Those
who have beeu in the movement for years have no
right to assume superiority because of that fact, but
in order to prove our worthiness to belong to the
great army of labor, we must give our liest efforts
toward the organization of others yet unenrolle'd in
the phalanx of labor. Nor does our duty end here,
for it is up to us to lend them evory aid after they
have formed it local. If they have a htbel, house
card or button, in order to be consistent we linirft
patronize those who display these emblems. In
that way we are encouraging others to follow in our
footsteps, by not doing it we are giving the lie to
our pretensions, We have set a high mark for the
organizations of Wyoming during the coming year
and yet not so high but, that with conscientious efforts nil along the lino, it can be achieved. There
must be conscientious efforts put forth to realize
tliis goal, and we believe the union men of the
State are earnest enough and sincere enough to put
t-heir shoulders to fhe wheel and help to make this
a uniformly organized State.—Wyoming Labor
What appeared to most people as inevitable in
connection with the dispute in Butte, Montana,
between the various factions of labor has happened
—the operators have decided to work their properties as open shops. It may Ite a very hard thing
lo say. but nevertheless it is very truthful, one could
not expect the employers to do otherwise. They
would be poor business men, indeed, viewed from u
commercial viewpoint, did they not take advantage
of the disruption thut has prevailed in that camp
for the last few mouths. It is only further proof
of the oft repeated statement that the worker finds
his greatest enemy in his own ranks..   The mean,
eonteinjitabie bickering and diqueism. petty jeal- The important work of rescue after a serious
ousies and personal ambitions of the men of Butte mine accident should be standardized as much as
has been responsible for the condition lhat uow possible. Conditions, of course, differ, so that hard
prevails. The Western Federation of Labor of- and fast rules cannot be laid down; however, there
ficials may have beon guilty of misconduct; they; should be the broadest possible exchange of ideas
may have merited censure and even removal from j and experiences, so as to perfect as far as possible
office, but the "newunion" can scarcely be looked ; an effective service.
upon as a successful institution. ,r . , ,      , . ,    .
-Many mistakes liave been made in recovering
The W. F. of M. lias certainly been a fighting miners after accidents. Lives have been sacrificed
organization and what is more, they have been s'uc-! unnecessarily. Some points gathered from recent
cessful in their fight, for Butte was recognized as experience may well be repeated and emphasized,
the Mecca nf trade unionism. Wages were higher Every corps going underground, for the purpose
there than in most camps, conditions were better j of rescuing entombed miners, should carry, aside
and the union was 100 per cent strong.* With such| from the ordinary outfit, additional apparatus to be
a splendid foundation for solidarity it is regretable, used as a "salvator." When men are found over-
indeed that all must now be lost. If the individ-j come, by gas, a salvator should fixed on each one.
uals wlio started out to reorganize the union vero I and he should be brought_hadcio_the,ja^eue-baser
"SiiicereT they shouldliave succeeded; there was no! If a team comes across two men, one injured and
Jack of material and no lack of evidence as to what; the other uninjured, the latter should be brought
solidarity .could secure. Now all has been lost—I out first, and on the second trip the men should
but the lesson, let us hope that this has not been! take in a stretcher and upon it convey the injured
lost but that the fato of Butte will prevent a repo-1 man to a place of safety.
tition in our own District. |    The European practice of establishing a base
There are many ,\*\io criticize the U. M. W. of A,,i where doctors, inspectors, colliery officials, ambu-
(Continued from Page Five)
.The ipipe for the water extensions
has finally arrived and the work will
be completed in about a week.
A bye election to fill two vacancies
in the council will -be held1 on October
12th, Nominations will be on the 5th.
Of the two seats, one will hold only
until the annual election in December,
and tbe other will hold over for a
John Molvor, who was arrested for
an assault on two young girls, was
found guilty in the supreme court, amd
sentenced for life.
Chief Faulda. of the tire department,
has been making improvements in his
quarters. The old council chamber
has been fitted-up for sleeping quarters, and the other room has had a
pool table installed, and with the
library in connection makes it the
place of resort most popular in town.
The regular meeting of Local 102
will be held on Sunday. (Members
please take notice.
We see by notes from the various
camps that the District President has
been visiting around. There Is a request from Taber of two 'months'
standing for a District Officer to visit
here, but it seems that Taber Mines
are in a class by themselves; that
they can get along without any visits
from these gentlemen. There may be
another reason, but we would like to
make the a-oquaintance of the District
Officers, anyway.
and no one possessed of -any common sense should
regard this or any other union as above criticism,
It is not. But mark you, criticism must be fair and
constructive.   When we say constructive, wc uso
lance men with stretchers, and all others following
the team and who are not provided with apparatus
must stop is a good plan. At such a base the teaun
leaves a canary and all their spare gear.   Those
tho word  in  its most'literal sense.    The critic; without apparatus on coming up must not advance
should have tho welfare of organized labor before j beyond this point.
him, not his own personal ambitions, lie is not n
critic if lie wishes io destroy; If he wishes to put
ttoinotliing else in tho place of that which he criticizes, then hihi criticism will cense to be of much
worth. He is in exactly the same position as a salesman who condemns a competitor's goods. You .will f (,n|) gwjure fln{,tIlpp h*m]
not go to a canary to get an honest opinion of n
If, on returning to the base, the rescue learns finds
the bird alive, they can take out their mouth piece
to speak, but if the canary is dead, every one will
know that the gas has backed up, and all will pro-
wed to the shaft bottom or the surface, where they
cat, tbci'i'i'ui't; why goto the man who declares himself against the 1T. M, W. of A. to get honest ent-
'These suggestions may not seem so consequential
to many. Intf it is the neglect of small details that
H'Ikiii ?   Il'tyou do, you wou't get it; you can't get] has ho often caused di*H*ter.   We would be glad to
it. for the simple reason that this individual has '»«*'" ""«* readers add further precautionary mean-
declared himself apinst it.   lie is prepared   tnjtirt*, Kuggested by  their own  experiences.-Coal
show you only whero it   is detrimental  and notjAg<"-
where it is beneficial. What you havo to decide is:! 	
How do you hope to further your interests, by or«
ganiration or disorganization ? If you have to fight
among yourselves and fight your master, what do
you expect will be fhe result? The constitution or
preamble of an organization mny be good reading.
hut in thwreport it in mmii tin- .^nm- ii* other *<*ni-
Work at the mines is at last beginning to show the usual fall activity,
and today (Tuesday) is the ninth
working day in succession for both
John Onstifinne, a driver boy in No.
C mine,-met with a serious accident
Friday of last week. From reports it
appears his pony bolted and he was
pitched in front of a car. He was severely crushed between the timbers
and the wheels, breaking one of his
legs below the knee and sustaining
other injuries. It was his second day
In the mines.
Mrs, C. G. Olander underwent a serious operation in the Gait Hospital
Wednesday of last week. She Is progressing as favorably as can be ex-
•Mrs. John Graham died at her residence Monday morning, after a linger-
ing illness: She was one of Lethbridge'* old timers, having resided
here for the last fifteen years, and is
survived by her husband and three
grown daughters, to whom the sympathy of their many friends is extended.
The subscription taken up at the
mines on behalf of the Hlllcrest fund
wm forwarded last week to A. J. Carter, district secretary.
Westminister church was the scene
of a protty wedding on Thursday, at
2:30, when Susan, daughter of Mr,
and Mrs. James Swlnn, 505 Eleventh
street, became the bride of iMr. Hugh
iMellvenna. The bride was attended
■by her sinter,*Mies Leah Swlnn, while
Mr. Harold Mcllvenna, the groom's
nephew, was groomemnn. We extend
every good wish to the bride and
8, Liblere Is erecting a brick building 18x30. on Main street, Stafford vllle,
where he intend* opening up a grocery
Mat Vaeelenak, Sr.. it erecting a
frame building on the tame lot, In
which he Intends starting up n pool
A, .1. Carter, district secretary, is In
the city on business.
"I would rather that militarism had flourished
fir another ten years than that we should have *o>it j
thousands of men along the path of privation, hate,
and [tain to death, that  we should have clouded
Letter Received Prom a British gtu
dent In Germany
•dilution*. Kvery inlnlligent worker knows that (t|mUMHntiH of happv fireside*, that we should have
w,; iitttot pMKrwie, mul thaitin* progress will mean.,„„,„,„, 0Hp M0ml ntom W()rk ff|p , g^,^,,,,,
change, bnt. no turn* penon will want * .l.nnge tm.,H(nt >v„ -hirtlM h)m, ,„t Um ln Kl|rorwmU „m, hlHttt
til there Uaomethingbetter. The travelsdocs not;„f bmh md a„ f||e brotamiwi of war< AlwM,y
throw en* hie stagnant water until lie ha, w!|hw hnvp hmti at,u lhm in thin mr w1li,h imktf
eurwl fresh, mtieh »«lie may realise the neeewdty;
of {Hire water, ami the union mail eannot affords
io discard his union for Hie illusions of those who.'
havinff nothing to low. arc determined that he J
shall share thnt nothing with thew
our Wood run fast and proud. Imi such acta are
•tune in every mine accident, every foundering of
i; ahip at *en, every saerifiee of a comrade. If I had
t<> elwoae hetween tJiM'iiiuti Militarism for yet rt little
The following letter from the -Cot-
ton Factory Time* has been received
by iMr. W, A. Appleton (secretary of
the General Federation of Trade
tfnlons), from Mr. Renele Smith, who
was, until reeently. a student at Rus-
kin College, and Is now working in
the International Department of the
German Tirade Union Commission.
The letter Is dated August 17th, at
'Hine* the t*gtn»ln« ef August, in
tonishment that our life and -property
are to a high degree endangered ' by
the offensive attitude of,the German
government and public alike; that we
are being brutally handled, and, in
short,. treated as ^barbarians.' Permit me, please, aa an Englishman in
bhe German metropolis, wljo |s.working in the International iDepartiaent
of the Trade Union Office of the general commission in Berlin, and who is
enjoying an amount of -personal liberty such as the. most sanguine could
scarcely dare to hope for while almost the whole of Europe is under
martial law—permit me, I say, to give
frank and emphatic denial to all such
entirely baseless allegations. That we
should be subject to government supervision is, under the circumstances
quite inevitable and reasonable. Such
oversight is, however, carried on without malice; Indeed, with becoming
propriety and courtesy, as by those
who recognize that here is a duty
whioh must be done. One can say
that far from desire to ill-use foreigners, on the contrary the government has, iby means of public posters
and newspapers, made constant appeals to the German people to regard
it aB a civic duty to treat all foreigners with dignity and the strictest propriety.
Labor Movement Not Suppressed
It would seem, further that certain
sections' of the English press have
given out publications to the effect
that the organized Labor party in
Germany has been ruthlessly attacked and suppressed by the government, that, for example, political
representatives of the party have been
arrested, imprisoned and even shot
I will not discuss at present the intent of such-publications; I "will- simply limit myself to the emphatic denial
of their veracity. There is no oppression by the government to be discovered. There are no Socialist leaders ln prison; there are none who
have suffered' injury. On the contrary, there is close co-operation in
economic matters between trade union
leaders and members of the Reichstag
on the one hand and the government
on the other. Frequent representative conferences of these bodies have
beeu held to deal with the problem of
the maintenance of the unemployed,
and of those families whose breadwinners are on the battlefield, how to
create and: organize sources of employment, and how to provide labor
for the ingathering of this year's
harvest There ls no oppression.—no
need for oppression. What the Kaiser
tirely true—this .present struggle for
existence has abolished all parties,
class divisions and opinions in the
Empire of Germany. Indeed, the facts
of the present European situation, all
point to the one conclusion, that of
all the countries engaged in this war
Germany is the most determined, the
most enthusiastic and the most united.
Unity of Classes
All Germans of all classes recognize
that they are .attacked on all sides,
that whether they want to or not they
simply have to fight for their existence. The organized German Labor
Party deplores, as every Socialist
must, with the greatest of all heartaches, the present disaster. But they,
too, ln view of the magnitude of their
adversaries, recognise that there Is
only one thing now to he done—to
fight for existence. Hence, with sad
heart, but with grim determination,
Germany of today is united to a single
issue In such a way ae Is without
Theise two facts, therefore, I hope
you will make clear to your readers,
namely, that Englishmen in Germany
are -being treated with every courtesy,
and that tho German government le
not and has no need for, tyrannically
oppressing the organised German
workers. At a more opportune time
there Is much one would be prompted
to say in the service of truth. Now,
however, we must suffer in silence,
until this horrible nightmare Is
pwd, this adeuUfkaUy organised
orgy of the maddest barbarism without precedent In the history of the
world. --Winnipeg Voice.
usefully   em-
which laibor might be
ployed? ' .
The Reward of industry
It Is. quite clear that the co-operation of labor with these unutilised
acres would-be good, for the laud,
good for labor,' and good for the general well-being. Gaunt famine threat
ens our existing store of goods, ibut
Nature we know is generous to the
laborer who affectionately tills the
soil. But there is something more to
consider, and that Is tbe independence
of the man himself. There are oil
kinds of schemes afloalt for helping the
workers. I have nothing to say
against such schemes in a time of
.stress, but my scheme means independence. It does not mean something
for nothing; it means a r&ward to the
laborer which is a direct outcome of
h'.s own exertions. If we can not by
this method of land cultivation provide
all that is needed, we can at least help
some to help themselves, thus adding
to the prosperity of all concerned, incidentally teaching the laborer and ths
nation the possibilities of the land nf
which at present many are unaware.
I am sure thore are any number ot
landi-owners, including local bodies
and public corporations, who will be
open to this appeal to their patriotism.
If the holding up of goods is criminal
in a time of crisis, the holding up of
land is even more wicked.
Spade Work
I noticed in the papers the other
day that a firm of seed merchants at
Reading advised the public of the desirability of sowing and planting overy
spare piece of land, with such food
crops as may still be in time to be
sown before the autumn. This is what
I wish to be at. .There is labor In
abundance and sufficient capital
should be available for this good purpose. What we want without delay is
the opportunity to do the sowing and
the planting.
In the 1912-13 report of tbe Vacant
Land Cultivation Society it is stated
that the total area of vacant 'building
land in the county of London is officially estimated at 14,000 acres, nnd
that the superintendent and his assistant had examined a large part of this
land and gavo their opinion that hundreds of acres of it were suitable for
cultivation. We know from government returns that  our  urban   areas
have; within,their boundaries .about
3,000,000 acres of land assessed as
agricultural. Much of this land not. at
present In use could, I am -satisfied, be
put" to immediate use. if there Is any ■
sound patriotism in the country, steps
should be taken-to see that our ever-
enduring national asset, the land, -is
made the most of.
What Parliament Could Do
If Parliament can issue bank notes,
take charge of railways, and have regard to the disposal of the produce
how available, it is surely a matter of
urgency that they should spend one
day at least to consider these Idle
acres and their potential fruitfulness,
these natural resources from whioh to
take additional food supplies.
The nation's great and pressing need
in this dark hour can not and should
not be wantonly set aside by the caprice or the selfishness of those who
legally hold and control the means of
life. The claim of the people to work
Iii freedom as best they may on God's
earth for their own immediate wants
should be heard throughout the land.
Who will join now ln voicing this
claim to a much-needed measure of
justice and fair play?
Classified Ads. -Gent a Word
FOR RBNiT—iTwo furnished rooms.
Apply Box 324, or 114 McPherson
avenue. 246
POR RENT—Four roomed house, neat
kitchen, clothes closet, toilet, ele,5-
•tric light fixtures, water, etc. Apply 158 Pellatt Ave. 218
POR RENT—Two unfurnished rooms,
.  suttablo for light housekeeping, in
Beck  Block.    Apply   T. Beck,   Ingram's Cigar Store. 249
•WANTED—-Active, reliable man as
local agent New steering device
for Ford automobiles. Guaranteed.
Sells fast. Good money for right
man. Ford Equalizer Co., 525 Bur-
rard street, Vancouver.
Dr. Simmons, L. D. S., D. D. S„ dentist, Bank of Hamilton Building, opposite Trites-Wood Co. Vancouver
Grand Union Hotel
 r COEEMKNnflta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
and peaceful security as well.
With a polloy ln bur oM Une
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the end* of the
earth and' you know you're secure.  Tbe beet in
le always cheapest nsad eepecl-
ally so when it doesn't cost
higher. Don't de-lay about that
renewal or about tbat extra insurance you want but eome right
in oi once and have it attended
by Mre. Joseph Pel*, le London Dally
News and Leader, August 20
! gladly avail mystelf of the opportunity to say something on tha subject
Mini.' mul tli«> liattictt already fought, rhe <m« rages j •*•«»*«<««« with the regulations of the (now engroeelng so much public alien-
Titepy rr'ftb'* nr* heard «1m> will plainly *»I*$t«*
mtifa' il.
^   l-intnn (it   v■)'••♦   "-httl  1}**'  ill 1*11}ift' \\V
In Ham uwy mui tlu» mme thing, ami changwl
tlieir »ini"ti: mme were not *ntisfi««1 witli tht*
**...„■** *H*t tne* »f»«» h UMM* t**r*-*. l»Nt Ibejr nut*.
t-ml *IW th*y had I'lmngwl th** tm'wn* Th*y did
not.   If'tlir "union" Iiud musiatiil of a ««li«rt«»r. a
' licit   tht niu*:',-,!, ot tl»«*» ctiltltelioiMrf
the toll.   In the first place, I should
like to direct attention to a story of
the work of th* Vacant I^ind Cultivation Society, founded bete and In I'hli-
ndelphls, Tl. S. A., by ,Io«t»|*»li, Vnl-tnHkin
society provfd two things: tli That
««<** tttste tt„) number ol NU-sacfwef
lA-ii :-.,jX j,v. *.itiit**>**i tut xbn ptitm-i
liifm Hhr im- |HM»r; tin-1 rti'h -..ibx.-nW thHr t !u»n«.. i pntn thi> attitude and oj-Mons ol tbe J lag ot tootlMutt*. and (it that   there
nm Is to tin* charity fund*, and th*»ir womenfolk, in r OrMlrtt   government   or lh*   Rrf tleh [ were nny mmfe-tr ot mi«i witltef   te'
loinfortahlr* places, make shirt* for the wounded
nlrendyeominitt.il. the women and «liildmi already 'aprn,f»» govew«e»i. H bnt been im
"th* union i* ihi tf«K,d, *»» »»«»• «<>* » has served it**mu\* AemAet*. wilh tlwir loved «n«.« and P»^^KhtX1'^1^i" ££V!h
purpose et«l **n do no noire." This is nothing; nothing now but shadows seen through tears, »jrect «#*• of the events iaoer mother
itwire then en edmksioii or failure on the pnrt <»f all! woiiW unhesitatingly ehoime the former. jlaml   |»   tb**r dsrs of frightful   de
cking *iwh nielttmuU*   Th, fad lhal il hm beet, j    .. , u,  ,„„ . my |fc      .„,, (,fv ((|[ ,,Mj „,„, ]mo|.\*^*' '"d Tr**'  ^m "^
infill inrnv* itm worth; llw »t«t.wriit tbat b «»"»|H|ike. to share our priv«tions.'  That is untrue. TheC^!! ♦ <W"   hm>'>>
!on«w*-r W-tefol -nenvet tbit tbt* *»nrt-mlin*w->M« I • ti*,.l*,*,,,
that he will greatly appreciate
ts a box of our high grade cigars. As * birthday or wedding
anniversary offering it it splendid. Our cigars are made of
fine, full flavored Havana tobacco and cannot be equalled—not
alone excelled—for the price.
W.A.Ingram, Fernie
Fernie's leading Picture Theatre
Every Friday
*mamf*mwm* am «%    am /%W-M
Ju %M V» J> 1111 Ft itUVbf
*.    * * •,.....+ «,.«   MW.I
ni-ft low iih-m'.'fnMreii hge the |Hior. awl mourn for ■ eo*»w«nl#*st-lfw«<   -rWh imrnil U> a,i
Friday, Oetefc.tr tnd. Reriet He
trie fresh laurels In thle series.
tt**** rem***, s-rf frs-..:* f***.J
nnd pettieoat* for the orphan*. Uul there iv in,
•-•piMMiy ui tne iweritier. Itif poor hw their hread-
winner*—they Inee all. Wh"n the father in gone
I'luirily alone eau fill Hie m.otlhs and elolhe the
i puhlie.
rrifm t>* f"
labor In this enter-
*ori*titnti.m. a «e*l ami a gavel the "nmv union" Ueksof his little «me*t and eharity fe fl fowl "tart iu
in riutle would have unseed, hut it did not eowiat  Iif"-   The rieh do not miftv-r.   Take your wiWrip-
nfthen* Wi?* Th-* ni.imVrv .-.f rh-> "m><v mum" f'"n ^a* Th" widow *v.*-* \\*<t farttving ..■.»'. ;(„•
thought that iwalntfon «■• 11* »tire thing, m they rieh mnn his tm tlmiHtend pounds. Rwulttthe
had » eii-an trawft nm\ mm\w\ all to *n»<*r th*Sr wnl»w tn-eoui.-* « pniij*-r and the rieh wan n-ma'.n,
fold: wh«h this did not answer, they thought eoer rWt There cnn he not etpiaiily of mrt\ti*r on.t.r
rionmm.tk* b*«t tuei hod—they need the tt-ry s *neh eonduion* The pr*>r are driven into th-
mtdbttA that they heri. aeewed the other* of using.: darkest pan* of th.- Valley of the Kheilntr Itendiug
Ihm th*y w*m mtwl* merger* »'»<l*eir w*thod», j nnder the begvirst bimlfns, and memm of then.
km not \*t m toot tmr**v** thet k*«*H tt wetl." it j «* the tight of twppv hiiitfh no more." J. l-toms..;
fs wt.   tiiit «1*m nV. rh*n yon want fcrtnrt-tf >*Hf.  SfeflftfigM. In X. X. Cell.
sesoelste their
these sottiTiMi   we English- J prise.
'" *»u» tuwKM *»•     wot* mh« Met mo are not to store
goods nor create sn srtlflelsl seawity
fo the hart or other*; that thfe Is an
aet of mean ami «#ifish cowardice;
that we are not to hotd gold, bet to
lot ft rlrrulste; that we sboold try
t,n* mkf ►Mngv •-xAav mi, mix mme
Thi» 1* sll te thn good end
sft.tr any *ukne*i i% pertly n matter ol
iw>»rriih-wnf,   vVfVr   tl-.*  .u,.**.*   ***
aa mlismiv wM or ami* iltne**; tbt j difficult
w^k^l torn*> «,«£Br.tmW dfr«- \u wuaJ aiUIcfc. Ul , „Ml to     t in
"tun Uul twmiiytbnmk-mtakntaeotltn * P1** ,or ""'*'' who Mieve In open'
follows tick*****. fag Op ttdttvobi* latii for the grawieg
1„I tX'vLTl w!t^flwill.ir*0'r>'*f eteeeetmrr tommvttn. If It le hed te
B^T& ffi^ffiftg *»***" drealatlon aed bod
ittk**■#**; wnU-ng t-unnU it—BoUiing   «»* ttmto   •»«   sntririai    tcereitjr of
f<tfn|Mfv* with It*    lit **tr*. w «.?.*.>.•>- ,|f
M«if».>,ffi(Tit> fiw ffnm aicoUoIurwwst**,
ifrnpttf mom tkb Ukmd, •trregtheiM
"i  n r^«-* tn,Unn«»t'.Hti-rl li:'-milrt*f».
[kmmU, -bu* tM-n-tl i,,*,rn oPyt*etWmebt*
bt It to ssalntali. aa artlftoal eeerelty
of the thmi»flfl<iK of Mie mme upon
Saturday M.tlne. and £».»%
A nmefy ThHller. 101 lieen.
On Tha Verge of War
Three reels. A wonderful ntmkmmm drama, dealing with the
Mexican war situation-* psysle ernr the wonderful Anna Little al-
meet hae it's desired effect, but the hypnotist It thwarted In hia pm
poM.. Warehlpa, Meslean eeWlere, dlplemstle IntHgwee. Hertert Raw.
Ilnoen Isade.
A Romanes ef Aacleet ROms
A Daughter the of Hills
Peer reels. An appealing drama played in the thadew ef HorO'o
tbntm. The ceimeeet af a aatafa heen hy §ntd!m tnm. 'PieAnwt hy
Uie famous Plajrtre' Film Compimp, writ* Lawm bewynr.
•^mtmmimmmmm SSSSS-r.
% y-i-A-i-
^ •*^k\ p'lijfr
-^ *^ *w ^r ^^ ^w **m o* **^e •*m m. **^* ••^p
IThe mBnes up here have only work-
«d one shift thia week to tbe time of
sen-ding this correspondence.
ITom Glover, one of our local gun
artists, brought in the first specimen
of black bear seen around here for.
some time. Mr, Bruin turned the
scale at COO pounds. The skin is now
on view at Riverside avenue.
October lst will mark an epoch in
the life of one of our well-known entertainers. On that day John will
take unto himself a life partner. The
residence in Coyote street Is ready to
receive the bride. We would advise
our charivari band to prepare for the
liappy couple's return from their
honeymoon. Uuff said. Congratulations.
Born—1T0 iMr. and Mrs. Tom Mason,
a daughter.
Moos© Lodge, Fernie 1335, are holding a social on Monday, October 5th.
The sodal is free to members; all
members entitled to bring a friend.
Refreshments will be provided. Entertainment commences at 7 o'clock.
Come, and bring the song or recitation
you have been rehearsing.
The Femie-Coal Creek Excelsior
band are holding a smoking concert on
pay night in the basement of Miners'
Hall. Adimisslon, 50c. Proceeds for
new instruments. Come aud have a
good time.
Concert at Coal Creek
The Coal   Creek    Rugby   Football
. committee have added laurels to their
fame by the splendid bill provided at
the concert held- in the Clubhouse on
Wednesday, September 23rd.   The concert commenced at 8 o'clock sharp under the able chairmanship of Superintendent    Caufield.    The    following
artists contributed, to the   program:
Messrs. -McMillan, J. Hewett, Finlayson, R. Fagan, R. Billsborough, \V. R.
Puckey, .H. 'Hewitt, Sampson, McDonald (Fernie), Hamer and Biggs, and
•Mesdames Percy and iMitchell.     The
Excelsior band played selection on the
stage during the intervals, which were
received.    Superintendent  Cau-
"various Items
■with jocular remarks and It is evident
that the chairman is a humorist The
stage was tastefully decorated. After
tho hall bad been cleared, the following
gentlemen gave their services as an
orchestra, for the terpsichorean artists: Messrs, Yates, F. Percy, H.
Hewitt, J. Gaskell, 'Biggs and Wilson.
Dancing was indulged ln till the wee
sraa' hours,
The stage effeota and. decorations
were provided by the Coal Creek Dramatic Society, and the Trites-Wood
store, for which the committee are
very grateful. MessTS. Charlie and
Fred Percy were the accompanists.
We expect ,to publish a statement of
accounts of the concert next week.
-Under the head of thte "Prodigals'
return" we mention Sam Nicholls and
Wm. Flatery, who returned to camp
during last week-end. They report
nothing doing down the .Pass*.
General Manager Wilson was in
camp'on Tuesday.
'A large contingent of Fernie .people
took in the Harris benefit concert up
here on Wednesday last.
The Rugby football match took place
on Thursday last, neither side scoring.
Will all persons having tickets for
sale for football game, kindly return
all monies and unsold tickets to >T.
Bigg, band secretary, on or before Sunday, October 4th, in order that statement may be made out.
Coal Creek Methodist Church
Sunday., Ootober 4th—2:30 p. m„
Sunday school and Bible class; 7:30
p. m., gospel service, subject, "Sacrifice," 'by, the pastor; Thursday, 7 p. m„
sharp, choir practice.
Rev. Dr: Westman in Coal Creek
iThe IMethodist church was packed to
its full capacity on Tuesday evening
to hear Dr. .West-man of Calgary, who,
with voice and pictures, conducted the
audience on a trip through -Canada,
from Newfoundland to Vancouver, In
connection with his advertised lecture
on "Industrial and Social Problems of
the World."    During the lecture 150
slldtes were used, depicting seal fisheries, harvesting on the prairie   and
the cosmopolitan life in   our   large
cities.   The subject for Wednesday evening is entitled "The (Making of the
'Man,"  illustrated  by lantern  slides.
Dr. Westman has flufilled his credentials, as a capable orator, and. Creekites desirous of hearing him further
will have the pleasure   by attending
the illustrated lectures to be given at
the Fernie iMethodlst church from October lst to 5th, Inclusive.   Collection
taken to defray expenses.
IMrs.   (Thomas   Harris   desires   to
thank most heartily tfce football committee, artists, and the management
for facilities afforded re the sale   of
LMr. John Duu&more and family have
left Coleman for Clinton, Indiana.
-Mr. Joseph Derbyshire   is   visiting
his brothers, J. W. and George Derbyshire, in Coleman,    from
•Tho death of the infant chlldi of Mr.
and .-Mrs, IMalcolm Morrison took place
oa .Wednesday' evening- (the 23rd).
Great sympathy is felt for iMr. and
Mrs. Morrison in the loss of their
child, which was but a month old.
B. P. iMcEwan has beeu appointed a
game warden  for Coleman
and  dis-
-to Mr. and Jlrs. .pleasant, a
sisted at the concert arranged on her
Rev. D. M. Perley, Fernie, was visiting Rev. and Mrs. Stoodley at Coal
Creek Wednesday.
The Rev. Father Detestre of Coleman is at present confined' In tbe
Crambrook hosipital, with stomach
■Born—iTo Mr. and airs. Alexander
Morrison, Jr., a daughter.
.   Also  to   Mr.  and  ..Mrs.  Alexander
Greisack, a daughter.
At tbe regular meeting of Local
2633, U. M. W. of A., held in Coleman Opera House on Sunday, it was
decided by a majority vote not to
send any delegates to the 'Alberta convention of the Trades and Labor congress on this occasion.
A special meeting was convened on
Monday to discuss the advisability of
continuing the sick and accident benefit society   	
onded that 50 cents a month be paid
by each member until the sum of $200
has been accumulated, as there has
been a very heavy strain upon the
funds of late.
Born—To Mr. and Airs. Dr. Connolly of Coleman, on .Monday, the 28th,
a daughter. Mother and child are
doing well.
Owing to a fcreak-dtown in some of
the machinery at the McGillivray
plant last -week, the mine was idle
three days.
Oa Monday morning a rather unfortunate occurrence took place, in
Coleman. whereby_lfafl—Uttla—bn
exemption could not be made to apply.
It was also commented upon with
what,   earnestness    one    particular
tradesman    was   collecting,  his   accounts, to the embarrassment of his
patrons. And whilst there is a limit
to all things, two   weeks',   -credit   is
totally insufficient at times during bad
seasons.    Some,   while   claiming   to
hold no brief for any particular tradesmen, said that the   amount   of bad
debts was simply appalling, and that
as they saw it, the only solution was
for tradesmen to discriminate according to their experience between those
who will pay and those who won't,
and tbat patrons, should trade where
the   most   consideration   is   shown.
<The following brothers wore elected
to act as finance committee: Christie,
Barwick and Goodwin.
Owing to the satisfaction expressed
over the results of the last few
periods' measurement, no measuring
committees were appointed.
Mrs. E. W. Christie, met with a
rather painful accident last week,
while escorting Mrs. McKechnle of
Calgary around the places of interest
in this burg. They were on a visit to
the mine rescue car, which is stationed
here, when iMrs. Christie placed' her
foot on a broken bottle to move it off
the pathway. In doing so she made
a nasty cut in her foot, which necessitated several stitches being put in.
She was taken to her home, where she
is still confined.
Times are getting a little brighter
each week in this camp, and the future
seems to indicate prospects of steady
work for a few months. The 'mine
knocked off at 2 o'clock last Wednesday, on account of the yard engine being ditched.
One of our fan men had the mister-
} tune to have his hand crushed.   After,
It was moved and sec-1 being attended .by Dr. McKenzie   he
was able to proceed home.
The Rev. Cook united in marriage
the eldest daughter of S. Maroy to
Dominie Abello. both of Bellevue.
After the ceremony was over they pro
ceeded to their new home, on Riverside avenue, where a sumptuous repast was laid. Mr. and Mrs. Abello
were the recipients of many useful
presents. We join with others in
wishing them a happy man-iel life.
The Evans Bros., of livery fame, mc
having a larg addition built to their
barn, which suggests that luisness
must be good.
Soclal betterment schemes mpy
make thing better, but it will require
a new social system to effect a cure.
Jack Johnston, who ls about six and a
half years of age, met with a very serious accident. It appears that the
delivery man in the employment of
P. Burns, through kindness, was giving the boj1 a joy ride, and ln some
unaccountable manner the pole of the
wagon broke and the horses took
fright and bolted. The result was that
both the boy and Mr. Rushton were
thrown out. The boy had his
collar bone broken and sustained   a
and brain.
Dry Goods, Mens
Wear & Shoes
The directors have given instructions fof a special wile to
be held of above linea for a period of fifteen days/from October 1st to 17th, inclusive. It ia generally felt that the coming
winter will be a hard onn, and the cost of clothing will advance. It will be wise to buy whnt you need nnw, while the
sale is on. ,     • ,   iUJO
We are giving 10 per cent
The man who will not work for the
emancipation of the world suffers man- ^W
actes to be riveted on his own hands lsItatwl e|ev<m ^^ ^^ beJng
otherwise more or leee bruised, Mr.
Rushton had a rather severe shaking
Owing to a breakdown in the electric plant of the International Coal
Company's plant, .by which tbe town
of Coleman is supplied, the town was
in darkness on Monday night, and the
mine was Idle on Monday and Tuesday.
Mrs. fl, W. Ritchie, who underwent
an operation last week In the Miners"
Hospital, Is, we are glad to report,
recovering rapidly.
All members of Local 2633 should
make themselves acquainted witb the
amended rules and the Sick and Accident Benefit Society, without fall,
Jimmy 'Barry underwent a minor
operation for tonsllitls in the (Miners'
Hospital on 8unday, the 87th. He Is
doing nicely.
On Sunday evening the little child
of Air. and Mrs. 8am Moores, wbo
bad been playing near a toilet In the
ildulty ol Ute house, ventured too
near an exposed part of the pit, and
fell in. The child waa rescued barely
ln time to save ite life.
A general meeting of the Coleman
Football Club will be held in the
Coleman Opera House on Sunday, October 4th. All Interested In the club,
please attend.
Hilly Jenkins has found a market
for bis labor powers In fleorgetown.
flood luck, Hilly,
Co-operation is gnmotliitig more than xmto |wfit.iiiiluii|
It b a movement f»,„„M «r» th, principle of mulugf help
among the wnrtav-lt »■*■-* et str,,, jntf|rrj,v 1n hitnh(ifm
XTJTGafter was in town recently.
Mr, T. Burnett   and   Mr. J. Burlcc
took ln the meeting at the Blairmore
Opera House in connection with the
formation of a patriotic Tun J.
The Southern Hotel has been renovated and is open to received boarder?
by tbe day, week or month. No license
for the selling of liquor has bepn
granted as yet.
Shooting and fishing has been the
order of the week, owing to the mine
being Idle.
The mine resumed operations today
(Monday) and will work Tuesday, bin
how many more, time alone will tell.
What progress has the committed
appointed to handle the details appertaining to the incorporation of thia
burg to report?
The regular monthly meeting of the
school board was held on* Wednesday
evening A great amount of business was transacted.
We ire asked to state that In f.u endeavor nt breaking all records at
profit-making, a certain Institution nf
this burg takes the biscuit.
Mr. (loodwln, of band fame, was a
Bellevue visitor this week-end,
A number ot good games are to bt)
seen in the billiard tournament now
in progress In Cole'a billiard parlor.
If building operations on the Con-
ley townsite continue as at present,
Packey's puisle won't be In it.
Tne adhorpnt of the MothodUt
ehureh expect to bave their building
f?!#otrtcally lighted by Sunday m\f„
Vincent Lendeski, who met with an
accident in July last, commenced, doing light work in the mine Monday.
Some of the big monled men from
Chinook paid us a visit last week and
became pretty well Irrigated with Alberta's pride before leaving.
The Song Writer was disturbed at
his pleasant dreams Sunday by a
talkative visitor who stayed for two
long hours.
Harry Paul of Sprlnghlll, N. S.,
started to work in the mine on Monday.
Mrs. Benjamin Carter is an inmate
of Diamond City Hospital, undergoing
an operation for appendicitis.
Mr. Alfred Mclnnes and mother are
visiting friends in Frank this week.
A social and dance, under the auspices of the Farmers' Union, was
held In West Lethbridge school house
on September 25th. Refreshments
were served and a good time enjoyed
by the thirty couples who were present, dancing the light fantastic until
Old Sol made his appearance over the
edge of the coolie.
A number of the sporting fraternity
held a meeting in the Pacific Hotel on
Saturday night and had a talk in general.- The football enthusiasts were
most in evidence and it was decided
to endeavor to get a game with the
Taber boys on Thanksgiving day, and
also to see what kind of support
would be shown by contributions to
some other kind of amusement for
that day. A committee was appointed
to have charge, and another meeting
is to be held later this week.
Mr. and Mrs. John Gordon were hon-
ored by a   visit  from _their_jnarrled-
The mine here worked Thursday,
Friday and Saturday of last week, and
Monday of this week, while the haul-
age and tipple are working today
(Tuesday), but a strong censorship
prevents us from dealing with future
A. Newhouse will receive at the saloon bar next Saturday.
Dr. Connor visited the camp in his
professional capacity last Sunday.
Hev. Father DeMeers, of Pincher
Creek, celebrated Holy Mass at Beavers Mines on Sunday. The services
at the temporary church were well attended, owing to the reverend gentleman having made a good round-up of
his flock the day previous.
The first of a series of whist drives
to be held in the Lyric Hall, Beaver
Mines, took place on. Wednesday .evening, the 23rd inst. There was a
good attendance and after five games j
at each table, Tom Moore was declared the winner. Refreshments were
then served and the audience indulged
in amusing games until the witching
, It is the intention of the committee
to hold a whist drive on alternate Wednesday evenings: the next will be
held on October 7th, commencing at 3
o'clock prompt.
Owing to the films not arriving in
time there was no show at the Lyric
Hall on Saturday night, but the dance
was held as usual and was fairly well
attended. The Pioneer Hall closed'
to show pictures about three months
Tom Hughes, Mr. and Mrs.
Plokard and others are having
homes on Wednesday,'
The regular meeting of Beaver Local
will be held next Sunday, October 4th,
at 3 p. m. All members are requested
to attend.
shipping much coal as yet.
The White A9h colliery is also opening up.
-Bill Xodden has returned from Valcartier, being rejected for a slight defect in one eye.
Bert Williams has started a night
school, and is teaching shorthand,
bookkeeping, commercial English and
other subjects. There is a class of
over fifty enrolled in the various subjects.
A class in mine rescue work is reported as being started tonight (Tuesday), but there seems to be no information available as to bow it is to
be conducted, or as to who is to have
a chance to become familiar with the
The band has taken steps to hold a
ball In the L. D. S. Hall on the night
of October 12th.
(Continued on Pace Four)
Western Can. Go-Operative
tmoino oo. usimra
The regular meeting of Local Ul
convened as usual, with the vice pres-
"-'" '    the almlv. »«twwttd by the
on Sunday, Jack?
daughter   and'   baby   granddaughter,
last week, from Lethbridge.
•Mr. Harper of the Academy of
Music, Lethbridge, is giving a series
of dancing lessons ln the Picture Hall
here every, Friady night, which, so far,
have been well attended.
Mr. (McKay, who is being treated in
Diamond City Hospital for typhoid
fever, is now well on the way to recovery and Is expected to be out in a
few days.
There ls talk of a blacksmith shop
being opened up in Wlgan in the near
future by one of our blooming Englishman.
Isaac Whitfield purchased a team of
fine geldings a week ago.
Kennedy-AVadmougb Company were
engaged last week moving building onto the lots belonging to Henry. Carez.
Wednesday, October "th, Is the
time fixed >by the council to sit as a
court of revision at the school house,
to consider appeals from land ownors
who have any reason to believe they
have been assessed, too much or too
llttlo. Wo have reaeon to b«*li©vo the
too-llttles will be in tho minority, and
the majority will put up plenty of
noise to make up.
Loeal Union Notes
At tha regular meeting hold Friday,
September 2.1th, a big meeting was
ably presided over by our new president. Duncan SIcNabb. The commltteo
report on tools brought forth the cause
of attendanoe of a good many, who
were threatened with a fine of five
Um:'* lor having tools in their places
♦ TABER   NOTES    , ♦
♦ ♦
Conditions are going from bad' to
worse in this camp. Only three davs
-&*.—\iq yr=^i i is
rumored that there will tie work on
The directors of the Canada Wes'.
Companj' were in town on Friday and
visited their property.
Superior mines has started up, with
Bob McAllister in charge, but are not
American Silk
They stood the test when all
others failed. They give real
foot comfort. They have no
seams to rip.' They never become loose and baggy, as the
shape is knit ln, not pressed in.
They are GUARANTEED for
fineness, for style, for superiority of material and workmanship, absolutely stainless, and to
wear six months without holes
or replaced by new pairs free.
To every one sending us 50c
to cover shipping charges, we
will send, subject to duty, absolutely free:
Three   pairs   of  our famous
men's     AMERICAN'
HOSE, with  written
any color, or
Three   pairs   of  our   Ladles'
Hose in  Black,  Tan
colors,  with  written
or White
when dealer in your locality Is
selected. Give color and size
The International Hosiery Co.
21 Bittner Street
Dayton, Ohio, U. S. A,
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc
Did your conveyance come to grief (which did not carry their own
ber*.   All kinds of tmustis were mede
by the  bunch,  and   It  was evident
»*-,(-. vi,»»,,.i t.9,,1.1,.
'      I
Punarml  Director
and    embalmtr
H«a<f*tort«» Supplied and Sot up
OOLIMAN    '*»»»'%fl!g*'*    ALBIRTA
IrfiMlt In
usual twacb.
I t uirrtpoM-i-nre was received trom
Atfiii.it, iStvtan Mat-tug wet be hail re.
t^ited our petition re tke Compensate Art, and tbkt he nomtd drew il lo
the House's attention, etc. We were
nlso It) receipt of lb* Albert* t*"*d*m*
torn ot unoor convention call. After
deriding thet It was nteetnmry are bo
represented, and as the convention
wes ettm to home, mt tenia) seer*.
tary waa tbe unanimous choice Ot the
Yfl.*v biMntttfa b'u-ttnbt umb t««
question of tlw steadier ot theae
!i:uttu.iv* u.hu u*«i none *o tto* front
M defend tbelr co-entry. Whilst wejenwwnd to *'■*•
as a 1Joe*1 abbor wsr snd all that M
tmpiiet, w* mtltn that these broth***
arw helpless tn the matter nnd that It
■wnt IttQn motttU to k-wp them In
SOU'! iUudiurf Ut ib* ertmt Of
their maralni. As the sttaarlm
will not be poenllnr to Loral 431. Ute
aeerrtnty waa Inttrwttai te draw tbe
*ft*ntlo» of President White to tb#i
■utter, to a** it th# law — '
that the I-ocsl as a body could not wattle such h compUt-DtPd mlxup.     Ity
motion, ll wss decided   to filer   the
whole matter to an arbitration com-
The mlnea only worked one day laat I«»»«« «f Hv# member* to deal with,
week and are still idle wh*n sendtnjt!^« Sunday the committer will sit
the notes. jnn<i *f*tt'n ,hn metter, If possible
Bill Savttic la In town »a«ln from j    ,,|,<lw   «««»l«h«l    buMnesK   from
the prospwl «p the Elk River. '•*' *'***• i*1* CT,J tor tbe rojn-Biitiori
Mr. 0tmr time ot Cortln snd Mlsa of **■« A v ot '* *•» »*•• »ftd »
Ann*** Mttdovern. fottfrhttr of If.* *'«•* mm'"' <M' **** *«« Mtmait*.
Mrflovent, were joined" tOReih«r t„}whMi'motion rsrrted. .Nominations
matrimony on SatuNay mornta* at I *«* ««»^ tor- »"d ,h* efcwtion held
Fernie. The nappy couple left pernie jehowed that the Loral anvetary
end .Monday nlahf for their home at1 **"">* W»rrtn»h»m, *«« Uio om- pre-
Corbin. iferred Vo nftend In fnlanry.
Jim Davey and (leorge Beddlngton(^^ + ***4»*4b«» + + 4
WnrtnelnsftyHeeT ^     ||AV|R   MINES   NOTM     ♦
•Michel hand turned out on Suuda)   ^ ♦
afternoon witb the men belonetnr tol^^mmmmmm^mmmm
Vompnw «. of tbe l»7th Mat Koote-      ^▼▼^▼"^ 'w^-w
nny Hltlet. marchln« through Natal to!    In last, week's uo.i"
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Zl Vl!™*.'™.**™ "om cellar ,0 _
crdca gU«u
» net satisfied, tell us.
._ ,__. ..w—v muu* ceiiar 10 garret and at bottom prices.   Call, write, phone or wire    AU
ptotupl attention,
If you nn satisfied, tell ethers.
Phone 25
"Th« Quality Store*
Blairmore, Alta.
at the present time, abont forty mew*
Tom lAnat'T)
«.e**4 ***,   *m»***mtt io m»\t* M ai>i«ttnt#d**•
Mr*. Jlrt.overn left here on .Monday
night to loin her daughter at ftprtgf,
Manitoba, to make Iter borne there,
John Medejis bad to appamr iMootnr
last brtore J. P, iiurtun on a cbargw
of *tes1!na wood from f*t#» r'/**,} r*m
j.s!i;*'. property*    Tbe  tint  imponed
»etarf-tr<eaa«r«r for tbt* diitreb. and
aire for tbe village *<*hmi district
Tbls Is an error for whlrh the printer's
devil Is responsible. Harry Prior,
lleaver Mines, was sp^intod aaw-
rarr.rt-*niro.r for th< ..:;:.*,. MW
district, and It Is to klm that rom |
pAtn'n Ui wiHiun -»;»..»»;.*, ...
nil tkone wbo wfefc lo hn*
fheir a*, j
• r  ttt*S*'t
■uri   at]
_, !f**tm*nt valaatlw.*
T)*iw *re rumors in elrr»«,!§©» ttmt anew, wmsfderwd   t,v
tbe timnby emeUern are eiming   opitmate*. on ith neit
rtoni VrMff ""   "nH,,,t lUk ""—•« "* *-*• *m\
xxenremrry to annminrf that Mm 'inn was ri-n... h.. . 7,7
w. **.. mm .„, m,«»*. £_\ fAL *.:':;-:. c..
Tt. for a abort rime. e*,^ op^
Just to hand 200 cases oj
of Sxtra Ohole« Quality
Halbn'IWii \m\mx *U<>. |Wh„s _ ,     *,
t'fitrt, tier ?u»v v>fn  r-    i' , * .-i.i"
k tn   i     «'".''     * m"'^  *M»|M«>* |*T Mix Ijir^l
Uiofci. Kfiriii|r ,\,»fl|^ |Mir Jm)X qiM
C. P,
the »*»r#*'h'*i>ji *
\Uitunt J»iij jug H Sn-witer CtNil
em* «mr «tri«<« of
(t*n*H»Ui«,LM„mm.|, Knit,
otf* 1 ft'Vu'A awl cUiUl
\*ifct's tu mit itH |wrw*.
.Itli»t   to Iniiul it  *ll»|»trifftf nf Stftliftf'M*
WtMil rinlcwfitr itt altirfji «ti«t
«ttiti».      .\l-i-> a full iwnjif nt
urmvtTM mikI union
\Mivn   mtt\tWt\r*ifi\
We pay 5 p.c. discount in cash on all purchases
The Store Thet saves You Mon.y
f1 ■ •  ;.- -. .**• i-x^%f&w?*»* --•>\s>ii.^r-:^^*|B5W?'
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,I).M.W.A
No. 2314
Niet first and third Fridays,
Mir.ers' Hall, Fernie; second and
fo>:rth Fridays, Club Hal], Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec. Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer Sec.
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore. Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Buieflt Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. tn the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  Sec,  Box
105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 iu Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank Barringham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at JO a.m.
ln School House. Burmis. Ko Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alto.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall. 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore. Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in   the   Socialist   Hall. —James
Burke,   Sec.   Box   86,   Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday >at 2
o'clock In the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo,
Elms, Sec. Corbln-^B. C.
No. 3026
Meet. every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—.
Max Hutter. Sec. c
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at 'Miners Hall.   Sick and
■Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
We breed and feed our own cattle. Now is the time to get
some nice young veal.
Pork sausages, bologna, weiners, pork sausages, liver sausages, creamery butter, fresh eggs, fresh fish, tripe, hams, baeon,
always on hand.  A RIAL SOLICITED.
Opposite the Post Office
Phone 52, H. Northwood Mgr.
A few weeks' rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
will give you a new lease of life, or to those Whose time is limited, uke quickest route east or west, via the Oroat Northern
Railway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
You will enjoy all tha comfort, of most modern railroad equipment. Courteous and efficient employes will make your trip
pleasant, WKtWmt&~'tr*~"—	
■afore purchasing ettamlhlp
tickets, tet us talk It over.
-S«'t- Aim'
For further information apply to
J.A. MANN, Agent
les 4S1 MWNIE.B.C. *»«• "1
By James Connolly
"The war of Europe," declares
James Connolly in the Glasgrow Pop-
ward, "is the most fearful crime ot the
centuries. In it the working class is
to sacrificed that a small clique of
rulers and armament markers may
sate their lust for power and their
greed for wealth. Nations are to be
obliterated, progress stopped and international hatreds created into
deities to be worshiped."
"Therefore," says this Irish Socialist, "Believing as I do that every
action would be justified which
would put a stop to this colossal
crime now toeing perpetrated, I feel
compelled to express the hope that
ere long we may read of the paralysing of the internal trasnport service
on the continent, even should the act
of paralyzing necessitate the erection
of Socialist barricades and acts of rioting by Socialist soldiers and sailors,
as happened in Russia in 1905."
The outbreak of war on the continent of Europe makes it impossible
this week to write to the Forward
upon any other question. I have no
doubt that to the most of my readers
Ireland has ere uow ceased to 'be, in
colloquial phraseology, the most important place on the map, and that
their thoughts are turning gravely to
a consideration of the position of the
European Socialist movement in the
face of this crisis.
Judging by developments up to the
time of writing, such considerations
must fall far short of affording satis-
lying reflections to tbe Socialist
thinker. For, what is the position
of the Socialist movement in Europe
today? Summed up briefly it is as
For a generation, at least, the Socialist movement in all the countries
now involved has progressed by leaps
and bounds, and more satisfactorily
still by steady and continuous increase and development.
The number of votes recorded for
Socialist candidates has increased at
a phenomenally rapid rate, (he number of -Socialist representatives in all
jects of Prussia, as he gazes upon the
corpses of those he has slaughtered
and the homes he has destroyed, -will
he in turn be 'comforted by the
thought that the Czar whom he serves
sent other soldiers a few years ago to
carry the same devastation and murder into his own home by the Baltic
, But why go* on? Is it hot as clear
as, the fact ot life itself that no insurrection of the working class, no
general strike, no general uprising of
the forces of labor in Europe could
possibly carry with it or entail ■ a
greater slaughter of Socialists than
will their participation as soldiers in
the campaigns of the armies of their
respective countries? Every shell
which explodes' in tbe midst of a German battilion will slaughter some Socialists, every Austrian cavalry charge
will leave a the gashed and hacked
bodies of Servian or Russian Socialists
squirming and twisting in agony upon
tbe ground, every Russian, Austrian or
German: ship sent to the bottom or
blown sky-high will means sorrow and
mourning in the homes of some Socialist comrades of ours. If these
men must die, would it not be better
to die in their own country fighting
for freedom of their class, and for the
abolition of war, than to go forth to
strange countries and die slaughtering
and slaughtered by their brothers tbat
tyrants and profiteers might live?
Civilization is being destroyed before our eyes; the results of generations of propaganda and patient, heroic plodding and self-sacrifice are being blown into annihilation from a
hundred cannon mouths; thousand® of
comrades with whose souls, we bave
lived in fraternal communion are
about to be done to death; they whose
one hope it was to be spared! to cooperate in (building the perfect society of the future are being driven
to fratricidal slaguhter in shambles
where tbat hope will be buried under
a sea of blood.
I am not writing in captious criticism of my continental comrades. We
know too little about what is happening on the continent, and events
would be. justified which would put a
stop to this colossal crime now being
perpetrated', I fee}-, compelled to j. express the hope'that'ere'long.,we may;
read of the paralysing of tbe internal
transport ':«ervIce*ion_, tbe continent,
even should tbe act of paralyzing necessitate the erection of Socialist barricades and acts of rioting by Socialist
soldiers and sailors, as happened in
Russia in 1906, Even an unsuccessful
attempt at social revolution by force
of arms, following the paralysis of the
economic life of militarism, would be
less disastrous' to the Socialist cause
than the act of Socialists allowing
themselves to be used in the slaughter of their brothers in the cause. A
great continental uprising of the working class would stop the "war; a universal protest at public meetings will
not save a single life from being wantonly slaughtered.
I make no war upon patriotism;
never have done. 'But against the patriotism of capitalism*—the patriotism
which makes the interest of the capitalist class the supreme test of duty
and right—I place the patriotism of
the working class, the patriotism
which judges Svery public act by Its
effect upon the fortunes of those who
toil. That which is good for the working class I esteem patriotic, but that
party, or movement ls the most perfect embodiment of patriotism which'
most successfully works for the conquest by the working class of the control of the destinies of the land wherein they labor.
To me, therefore, the Socialist of
another country is a fellow patriot, as
the capitalist of my own country is a
natural enemy. I regard each nation
as the possessor of a definite contribution to the common stock of civil-
Ilatlon, and I regard the capitalist
class of each nation as being the logical and natural enemy of the national
culture which constitutes that definite
Therefore, the stronger I am in my
affection for national tradition, literature, language and sympathies,, the
more firmly rooted I am in my opposition to that capitalist class which In
its soulless lust tor power and gold
would braze the nations as in a
Reasoning* from such premises,
therefore, this war appears to me as
the most fearful crime of the centuries. In it the working class are lo
be sacrificed that a small clique of
rulers and armament makers may sate
their lust for power and their greed
for wealth. Nations are to be obllter-
„aiad: progress ..stappfid-r—and interna^
protested against tha annexation, of
the two provinces*. - Here we read:
"Do the Teutonic patriots seriously
believe that the independence, liberty
and peace.of Germany may 'be secured
by driving France into the arms of
"If the luck of arms, the arrogance
of success and the intrigue of the dynasties lead to the -robbing of French
territory, then there are only two ways'
open for Germany.
"It either must pursue the dangerous course of a tool for the furtherance of Russian aggrandizement , a
policy which coincides with the tradition of tlie Hohen-zollern, or it must,
after a short pause, prepare itself for
a new defensive war. Not one of
those now tangled "localizedd" wars-,
but a race, war, a war with tbe united'
Slavs and Latin races. This is the
peace prospect held out by the brainless patriots of the German middle
History will not measure her retribution by the circumstance of tbe
square miles conquered from France,
but by the intensity of the crime of
having restabllshed in the second half
of the nlneteeth century the policy of
conquests."—-N. Y. Call.
Bar *ti\*T*itd with tlw best Wines.
Ltquorv and t*lg%r»
Ah, sad and strange aa Id dark ram*
mer dawns
earliest  pip* of  balf-awakened
dying -Mrs,   wae»   unto   dylt-g
casement •lowly  grows *  glimmering square;
So sad, ao atrange, tha days tbat ara
so more.
klsucs   after
as   remembered
t\*tn a mra* a. **uva ttt ***&*'**-** *««•<# i
and more of a disturbing factor in the
calculations of governments; newspapers, magazines, pamphlets and literature of all kinds teaching Socialist
ideas have been and are daily distributed by the million among the masses;
every army and navy ln Europe has
seen a constantly increasing proportion of Socialists among its soldiers
and sailors, nnd the Industrial organizations of the working class have
more and more perfected their grasp
over the economic machinery of society, and more and more moved re?
eponsively to the Socialist conception
bf their duties. Along with this hatred
of militarism has spread through
every rank of society, making everywhere Its recruits, and raising an aversion to war even among those who In
other things accepted the capitalist order of things. Anti-militarist societies
and anti-militarist campaigns of Socialist societies and parties, and antl-
mllltarist resolutions of Socialist and
international trade union conferences
have become part of the order of the
day and are no longer phenomena to
be wondered at Tba whole working
class movement stands committed to
war upon war—stands ao committed
at the very height of Ita strength and
And now, like the proverbial bolt
from tho blue, war Is upon us, and war
between the moat important, because
tba most Socialist, nations of the
earth.   And we ara helpless!
Wbat, tk-fiu, become* ol all our resolutions, ail our protests of frsternlsa-
tfon, all ex'r threats of i sucral strikes,
al? our urefully-bullt machinery of
internationallaai, all our hopes for »he
futureT Wire tbey a': as sound and
fury, signifying nothing? When thc
Oerman artilleryman, a Socialist serving In tha Germany army of Invasion,
sends a shell Into the ranks of tha
French army, blowing off their heads,
tearing oat their bowels, and mangling the limbs of dote-as of Socialist
comrades in tbat force, will tht fact
that he, before !e*vlng for the tno*,
"detuonrratod" against the wsr b* nt
nop »«l«a to the widows and orphans
made by the shell ho MM upon tu
mtiilon of murder? Or when the
French rifleman ponra hia mnrderons
Art lato the ranks ef tht Oerman Hat
to be in a position to criticize at all.
But believing as I do that any.action
".They say there are a great many
mad men la our army as well as in
the enemy's'. (In the Russian and
Japanese armies.) Four lunatic wards
have been opened (in the hospital).
"The wire, chopped through at one
end, cut the air and coiled itself
around three soldiers. The barbs tore
their uniforms and struck into their
bodies.- and, shrieking, the soldiers,
coiled around like snakes, spun round
in a frenzy . . . whirling and
rolling over each other. Xo less than
2,000 n,en were lost in that one wire
entanglement. While they were hacking at tbe wire and getting entangled
in its serpetnine coils, they were
pelted by an incessant rain of balls
and grapeshot., It was very terrifying,
and If only they had known in which
direction to tun, that attack would
have ended in a panic flight. But ten
or twelve continuous lines of wire,
and the struggle with it, a whole
labyrinth ot pitfalls with stakes
driven at the bottom, had muddled
them so tbat they were quite incapable of defining the direction of
"Some, like blind men, fell into funnel-shaped pits, an dhung upon theBe
sharp stnkes, twitching convlusively
_and dancing like toy clowns
seemed as if they ?ere intoxicated,
and ran straight at the wire, got
caught in it, and remained shrieking
until' a. bullet finished them. Some
swore dreadfiijly, other laughed when .
the wire caught them by the arm or
leg and died there and then.
"We walked along and with each
step we made that wild, unearthly-
groan grew omniously, as if it was
the red air, the earth and sky that
were groaning. We could almost feel
the distorted mouths from which
these sounds -were issuing—a loud,
calling, crying groan.: AH those dark
mounds stirred and crawled about
with outspread legs like half-dead lobsters let out of a basket.
"The train was full, and our
clothes were saturated with blood,
as if we had stood for a long time
under a rain of blood, while' the
wounded were still being brought in.
"Some of the wounded crawled up
themselves, some walked up .tottering and falling. One soldier almost
ran up to us. His (ace was smashed
and only one eye remained, burning
wildly and terribly, He,« « almost
naked.   ... '* ./
"Tbe ward was filled with a broad,
rasping crying groan, and from all
sides pale, yellow, exhausted faces*,
some eyeless, so monstrously mutilateil
tbat it seemed as It they had returned
from hell, turned toward us.
. "I was beginning to get exhausted,
and went a little way off to rest a
bit. The blood, dried to my bands,
covered them like a pair of black
gloves, making it difficult for me to
bend my fingers."—From the Red
Laugh, by the Russian writer, And-
tional hatreds erected, into deities
be worshiped.—:-:. Y. Call.
Present Conflict
Foretold by Marx
I see a world where thrones have
crumbled and where kings are dust.
The aristocracy of idleness have perished from the earth.
I see a world without a slave. Man
at last ls free. Nature's forces have
by science been enslaved. Lightning
and light, wind and wave, frost and
flame and all the secret, subtle powers
of earth and air are the tireless toilers of the human race.
I see a world at peace, adorned with
every form of human art, with music's
myriad voices thrilled, while lips are
rich with words ot truth—a world in
which no exile sighs, no prisoner
moans; a world on which the gibbet's
shadow does not (all; a world where
labor reaps its full reward; where
work and worth go hand in hand;
where the poor glri In trying to win
they I bread with thtt neeillfi—thp npprtlp that
Three daya after the battle of Sedan, September 5, 1870, Karl Marx
foretold the present war ln mora definite and .precise phrases than any of
tbe multitude of probpeta who have
written In the forty yeara since then.
Drawing hit conclusions font an
analysis from the facta and not from
dreams or atar gating, ht predicted
the Franco-Russian alliance and the
wide conflict of today, lloreover, he
explains why tbla struggle springe Inevitably out that of 1870.
His prediction ia contained In a
manifesto Issued by the Social Democratic party of Germany to tht German workers. Had tht advice given
Id tbla letter been heeded tht world
might haa been spared tht worst of
ita wars. Following la tht document:
Tt tht Oerman Workers:
"Affairs kite taken a netr and unci
pected turn. Xspoleon la In Oerman
captivity. In Pari* the republic has
been declared and • republican government baa beta Inaugurated. After
twenty years ol tht dlsgracefal existence of tbt second empire, tht French
nation la tht hoar of tht grtetet op-
pretsion bat taken itt destiny ts Ita
own banda. It haa forced Itself turn
tbt man who bat enslaved tt for
twenty yeara tad wiw finally brought
tie present dietreei upoa It Loag lift
ibe French republic!
"With this turn In tht afflslr we hope
ihat tbr> ead if tht war ta assured, it
kng aa tut ntueaanea td Xtiwleaa
threatened Germany It wat Mr dat*as
♦lermanr to intend tb#< Indejiaedetw
ot tht fttberfand. Bach a eeteeetm
war torn not cseladt offeaelte mate-
I know not what
Teer* Mie tears,
they meat,
Tears from the depth of tome dl*1ne
Rise to tht bean, and gather to tht
Ir   looking  on   the   happy   autumn
AH thtBfclwr of tbe days that nn no
j.. bum gtttt'Tfng on
Oa Up* tbat are for oijur*, deep n§
•{Deep aa first tore net wild witb all
tt ..**.**,
1 Jj't'iB IV
m*.*a*d.   a    *
are identical, and whose holy du'.y :t
I« to rival, In the new spirit, In tho
art of peace.
"Verily, France haa suffered suf&t?
itntly for tolerating the disgrace of
the second empire. And it Is the
duty df the German nation and to its
own interests to offer an honorable
letca to tha French republic.
"But, we are told, It Is to be at least
necessary that we take Alaace and
Lorraine from France. The war
Camarilla, the professors, the burgers
and tht tavern politicians claim that
this ia the only way to protect Ger-
many for all times from a French
war. Oa the contrary, it ia the surest
way to trsnaform thia war Into an
European Institution.
"It ia tho infallible medium to mor-
talite tht military despotism of tht
ntw Germany forctd by tht nectttity
of holding a western Poland, tbat of
Alsace and Lorraine.
"It ia tht infalllblt means of controverting the coming ptact Into a tract
to bt broken aa toon at Franca haa
recuperated' waffMetvtly to recapture
tht lost territory. It la tbt Infallible
means to ruin France and Germany
through aelf-elaugbttr.
"Tbt knaves and foole who claim
that thty tar* dltoorered a guarantee ror eternal ptact should bave
learned something from Prutelan history, (ton tht N'apoltonle horee medicine after tbt ptact bt Ttlsk—how
these violent measures tor the pact*
ftsatkm ot I virile nat'o,i predaeo elect oppoelta rtsolts. And wbat Is
F.tnct eves after tbt loss of Aisact
and Lorraine aa compared with Prussia after the veaco of TIML
Whoever it aot totally stupefied by
tbt aoiee of tbt momtnt or baa so Intern* to stupefy ©there mm*, realise
that tbe war tf 111* bears wlihla Itt
womb tbt lecawltr of a war alt* turn*
»»<*    «fA*   it  ttta   wn*   **    letf    km**
•were crushed down by fresh bodies,
and soon the whole pit filled to the
edges, and presented a writhing mass
of bleeding bodies, dead and living.
Hands thrust themselves out of it In
all directions, the fingers working
convulsively, catching at everything;
and thosg who were once caught in
that trap could not get bnck again;
hundreds of fingers, strong and
blind, llko the claws ot a lobster,
gripped them firmly by the legs,
caught at their clothes, threw them
down upon themselves,, gouged out
their eyes and throttled them.   Many
has been called the "asp for the breast
of the poor"—is not driven to tbe
desperate choice of crime or death, of
suicide of shame.
I see a world without a beggar's
outstretched palm; the miser's heartless, stony stare; the lind Ups of
Hob; the cruel eyes of acorn.
And over all, ln the great dome,
shines the eternal star of human hope.
—Robert Ingersoll.
-How tbe foole rejoloe when
masters extract money out
Who is Your
O you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
jirr-lmViW;: ttrnl
IIV 'i^wn;? t*t fwlTif the WWT «n!wWMn W* wtwM-i *h#» wet Id 1tTt,
his bulleti art murderiag or melalng accept ftetft.
eomndm wbo last   yeer   lotted   tt
tbvnderfng  "hatha" and   chetrt  of
greeting it, tht tloqnent .Tanres when
Fu»U +*. 'A..t:
ibe tail.
That briairs oar friewde np from
«sd as the fast whlrh reddens orer
Wl *ltuk* *UU mlX *m Uw*s. U.U'** tAc
Ro mt, tto tronk, tk* days l.bat sri» no
o, umii in uie. it* aay* thai ere ao m» tm**t* no■■pntnmm .*** .-*■**»u*m*<**.
•ore. solidarity? Wbta tbt Socialist proceed
—Alfrod T-maysoa.     Into tba army of tbt Aastrtan Emperor
_—._____— Micks a Htmr. ««el bayontt-kalfe lata
Tbt owners of Tywadale Colliery, tbt stomach of Uie Socialist eonaerlpt
atar HeshaM, hart derided to par tbt in the nrwtf At tbe Ratatan Cssr. asi
wire* in* n w**b, nnd *n*b ot fhefgfriH ft a twin m tb-tt *rk*o twite*
dependaat children fa Id a wetk, of \ ott It will ptfl tbt entitle out alOMt
those TorkrtKn who hare Joiit*d ttifyxitLx iu will th** tmfW-* tin Mac mt
Territories or tbe nrnny during   tke ltd ita ftttdtsh -rraeltj ky the /act ef
"But now, la tht hear of Ttetery. It
becoace ear doty net to %t tweet
away with tht dnmkenattt of   tbt
....    ....«   .».»
..•99t9.i,    tl9t9        UM        .*.***.!*   ..   m 4*9, . ' t
tbonsbtftl tad to aril oeroetvea wbat
aball bt dent.
"Tbt ntw ropabllc meet ml em
seek ptare witb Oemaay. It went
aad will recall tbt deelsreUea tf %*>•
potawn, f
"Wm tt tbt Frewrb eeeptr who «t-
}t*if,r*d n-ftr ngnlntt »*. "*»■ W ••*
Snwleoo.    Let nn not be Aootttti If
war, together with ceal.   A widowed itbHr
mother will atao reewtv* the aitoweiN*fan sntl-war propaganda ia time* of
ofttsiswee*. »peart?    When ibe •ectattat  sntdter
, trom tbe Wlto prtntntat et Ftaw.jj ft
k'*cut forwtttt tott Pwwfan vtibw-t ta
bmbtfi tem* and etUaoee until •
theoretical adhevtaa tel tbt etnwatataac* that tlw vfctwftNM
tnrassms ef tbt Oetmta ermy vermt
tbt t-tatte af Wtnrneo toward wot.
-tt la t«i«eatM* tor a tmt tmtm
t'i totntnt* fin mtentf tm It* tmtl tmt
{tat*   Btt tto preaeat rtp-tbtte •&
jrwt trail of Wood and Kr* tovera tbe r-nnember that Oernany and frnvm
•T tbe   wtwUHatr mm sutler* Mother nattea* wheat lawtetta
"t aay necessarily taeotred. eieept
!■ tbt dotfbtfat evtat «f a Rtttlaa roe-
If tbla doubtful avtat doet Mt tab*
,."l,rn    tltttm  •».«  ,,.99 VntTMH.  fl«*W««-»
. ■ *       * *
and Hassle aswst bt troa'ed at an
eccempllshed (bet.
If ftbey take Ateet4*rralM, tbea
Rtastaa sad *Praact wil stake war at
Qsrmany.   Il u sapeifloos   to point
tmmt liui dttuaivHW* ^^m^0mUm*mmA **
■tmm mmw mmmmmWmwmWp cnwvswwMMW
Tbla was tke bud pstelaasetto-a ef
tbt evenHlve committe* ot the fo
f4all« Pany of Oermaay. tfbt go*-
erasaeat of tbt Severer of ttemem
bad no ■ore tore for fsegba-lt tbat
tte gwtraaeet ef Ml ftfle* ttotbm.
tbe evtisdler *apito«*. Tbt tell i»
reived ?k# Kaemnafcer*
la a MtxMiaeat saaalfetlo, lewed
a abort time later, tbt tenet*! wtmef?
tf tbt laterotueett at Lotdea agate
It you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B.C. mmSEmSmBs
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Fefnie-Foit Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Liquor Co,
Wholesale Dealers in
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers 531*
A Substitute
For Wood Props
By Howard J. Smith
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
ehooie from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge taut-
agea fer tomorrows break.
Calgary Cattle Co,
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rtftNii* a c.
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
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Send us your orders
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoot, Gents' Furnishings
A reign of blood dpea not disturb
the masters. It means tha: the crop o
profits will bt al tbt greater.
Uood roada may bring you closer to
market, bat thty will not bt of nadt
benefit until you own tbt market!.
It has been the practice from the
earliest times, in the mining of coal,
ore, or rock from underground workings', to oppose the resulting pressure
from the roof or sides of the excavated
area by. various types of wooden supports, such as props, timber, sets,
crifosv etc. Under certain conditions,
pillars of coals, ore or rock are used
in place of the wooden supports. .This
refers, of course, to excavating in
ground that is not self-supporting.
The mining Industry is in need of
more permanent, more substantial, or
more economical props than wood, especially aa they become deeper and
extend over more area, and where a
large percentage of tbe coal or ore is
to be extracted I wish to draw your
attention to what has already been
done In securing substitutes for wood:
First. Hydraulic filling has been of
the greatest economical value from
the standpoint of recovery of coal and
saving of wood. No attempt will be
made here to discuss the many phases
of this important, subject
Second. Hand stowing of waste materials from the mine, either along tbe
main passages or ln the forking
place, or as pack walls ln long wall
Third. The building of piers or columns with mine rock without the use
of cementing material. Piers of this
type when compressed about 30 per
cent have a resistance to load about
equal to what coal will stand in the
pillar, or to the weight of 400 or 500
feet of coal measure rock.
Fourth. The use of well-constructed
concrete,   .brick   or stone   piers   or
walls, used either alone or in   conjunction with steel   or wood beams.
Supports of this construction must be
considered as perfectly rigid, and are
used to prevent the roof from bending
and subsequently falling. After weight
has been supplied to a support of this
type greater   tban   its   compression
strength it is of no value.   It ls unlike
a support of similar material which
has 'been 'built without -martar,    the
latter having   a   greater- supporting
value the greater tlie compression.
The iise of concreto   or   mason iy
with steel beams, is gradually eliminating tbe use of old-time prop with
brush lagging, and the latter use   of
large and more pormanent timbering
for mine portale, shaft, bottoms   ond
underground   stables,   pump  houses,
and other similar place* where it is
very important that tbere will be no
delays due to a fall ot roof.   In one
mine recently   visited   approximately
one <mlIo of concrete and brjdc-Ilned
entry had been installed.
A concrete or masonry wall built
along the haulage way to support the
crosa-boams, not only acts as lagging,
but should a trip of cars become badly
wrecked there ls H-fr danger of the end
supporta of tbe cross-beams becoming
dislodged and allowing tha roof to
fall. Where concrete or brick pillars
for end supports of beams are to be
built, advantage ahould be taken of
thia practice, and the wall built up
solid to the top of the car. The pier
for the beams may then be built on
top of the wall.
Fifth. Steel aets are frequently used
in place of wood on tbe permanent
haulage or air ways as a permanent
mine roof support.
The flrat cost of the steel erected
It usually two or three times tbat of
wood, but tbt flrat coat la usually war
ranted, not only by tbe Increased lift,
but by tht large expense sometimes
as may be illustrated by referring to
a tender shale above a flexible roof
coal; the use of the rigid prop toeing
to hold the roof coal up against the
shale. Tlie second type of prop is
used to support the immediate roof
where its movement fs practically irresistible. This type of steel prop
can be.' made yielding only in' combination with wood or by allowing a
part of the prop to rest in a cavity
with peat or other loose material. The
yielding steel prop is probably used In*
Germany more tban any other country.
In either case, the type of steel prop
giving the best results from u structural standpoint is the pipe. This
has been tried in the anthracite region
where great supporting power was
necessary. The pipe was cut to
length and a flange placed on both
enda to increase the bearing surface.
Scrap pipes from old clum lines have
been used in stables and such places
after filling the pipe with concrete.
The most economical design of steel
to withstand compression is the H
section beam where the radius of
gyrations is nearly equal about both
axes. This design bas been used in
England since about 1890, and is now
quite common. It has also found, a
market in the anthracite district to a
limited extent. The chief drawback
in both the pipe and H section is the
inability, to readily change the
length to suit conditions. This has
been overcome in several different
ways. A most ingenious design of a
roof support is in the form of a pipe
with a screw jack head; this was used
in a bituminous mine of Pennsylvania
about 1906. These pipes were made to
protect a coal conveyor in long wall,
but they> would also be of advantage in
many mines as temporary props under
draw slate, or for protection In taking
down bad roof.
Another form of adjustable prop,
manufactured by Herman Schwarz,
Ltd, of Essen, Germany, consists of a
channel bar with a T bfeam telescoping the channel; the lover enrti of tbe
T beam is lightly wedge-staped. Tha
T beam, which   contains   horizontal
slots," is raised to the proper height,
then forced against the roof by iron
wedges driven into slots in the T
beam and resting on the band on top
of the channel bar. A wood wedge
is then driven in between a moveable
ring and the jvedge-shaped end of the
T beam. The iron wedges through the
T beam are'then removed and used at
the next post. An oval-shaped bolt is
provided for use on the bapk side of
the channel When it is desired to
remove the prop this bolt is given a
quarter turn, which brings it to the
flat side of the bolt and lossens the
wood on the front of the channel and
allows the prop to collapse. The
compression of the wedge allows the
props to yield at a load of fifteen tons,
which is regulated somewhat by the
kind of wood used for the wedge.
The Xannesmann mildess steel prop
consists of two pipes, one telescoping
into the other so tbat they can be
adjusted to the proper height. They
are held in position by a clamp which
Is attached on the outside of the prop
In such a manner that it cannot slide
down. It is claimed that the clamp
can be screwed to a resisting force of
fifteen tons, after whioh time the telescoping will proceed at that weight
Is being applied. Good results have
been obtained by using these at gate
ends and to the first waste conjointly
with tapered props. These props, as
the ones above, can be easily removed
from a distance.
One of the most important means of
obtaining economy in the use of
props is to provide a method of mining whereby a maximum amount of
timber may be recovered.
Concrete, stone and brick piers and
walls have proved desirable, especially where steel beams are to supported, but they are not recommended
for permanent supports to withstand
great pressure. The above three materials are also used to great advantage for mine portals, shaft bottoms, underground offices, stables
and pump houses. Dry pack walls or
piers and hydraulic filling are the
supports to irresistible pressures.
The use of steel sets has been firmly
established In the United States,
and they are giving satisfaction both
with regard to cost and efficiency. The
use of cast-Iron props has given way to
later designs in steel. Steel props are
gradually becoming more extensively
used abroad, and before long we can
look for their adoption In the mines
here—Science and Art of Mining.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Kelo
Call in and
see us once
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puokey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
meets   first   and   third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
A. MiXTOX, X. G.
S. TOW-N8EXD. R. Sec
Meet at Alello'e Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hal!, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madison.
creased its vote from 1,100,000 to 1,-
400,000 and its representation in the
Parliament from 76 to 102, and at the
next election it was safely counted
that the forces of reform would
capture the government in every department and thus brave, gallant,
beautiful France would take Its place
at the head of the grand procession of
co-operative commonwealths that are
soon girdle the earth. In Germany
the forces of reform were even more
powerful, the Socialists alone having
110 members In the German Parliament and 4,500,000 votes—about 38
per cent of the whole—and at the
next election might readily have
captured the government. In Italy,
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Holland,
Finland, Norway and Sweden the
forces of reform were growing with
astonishing rapidity. The ruling class
were stricken with dread. .The people
were crushed with a burden of debt
imposed for the building and upkeep
of tlie paraphernalia of war. Austria,
doubtless at dictation from Potsdam,
declared war on Servla on the flimsiest possible^rfi£xt^^Che-i3^r--aKHAJMeMelA
Why The War?
By J. H. Ryckman
An address at a peace meeting at Exposition Park, Los Angeles, Cal.:
I am the spokesman on this occasion of the Liberal Club of this city.
Tne Liberal Club Indulges in no delusions as to the causes of the war.
It indulges in no delusions about government, human or divine. It practices no self-deception. It believes not
In the goda of war, nor does It believe
in a Christian Ood of Peace, who permits the slaughter in Europe today.
An omnipotent Ood of Peace who
permits auch human carnage Is a
monster and not a god at all.
Before the war the Christians of the
whole world prayed for peace, but
Ood was on a journey or perhaps he
slept and heard' not. After the war
came, the Christiana of Germany by
j direction of the Kaiser prayed to tlw
aame Ood (or victory to perch upon
the standard of the Hohentollaras,
and they modestly reminded God tbat
he was In honor bound to give the
Victory to them as they were the beat
friends ht ever had. Llkewlae the Gear
and his priests of the Holy Cathode
Meets   every   Monday  at
7:30 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224. meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday ot
each month at 8 p. m.
V*'. ORR, Secretary-    '
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
J. SKILLING, Rec. Sec.
ehureh prayed to tbe sane Ood for
necesaar)r to clean up a fall and rtflll I ^ victory and incidentally man-
above tht timbers that bave given
II THE   It fl 88S^1854
tamam na—-an n.m* tmm mm*.**amm n* msmmo
immv mrwwwtmwmmeemjm *mmm-p em^mme^ewemm' mrw  m^w^twmw*ww
AM* A—isms Ws»wi ■■<* A* Hssss taakim dt* mam** td tme m t
tSS-ikS- -a^M ^^.nmmAm^atmmmt^kam-aatmatn m ttlai AiMiali^^Ja^M
pm teem tt^ *^n wmw m^^^mmm m^ *^m^w *^& -iww .^rap-vw-^v **iw w 0^^*m* ptwp^.^^^wp» mm^m -^^^^m^mm
M^^^^^^^-^^ ^XJu ft^^^^^A H^^^-^L M***^^ym^^jh *^Jm___Mtmmem l^» IbA -..^wM^aMuh   e_w -ftiMg^
IMPHH *WHH -HOT tvWP mm mmmmwrnme mwemAmm^wm mw *^m -mutwi ww mm*
~^^^^^_  ^jy^^^^ JUj^u j^ j9*^i^i^A ^g,  uub g^^^^^^ aJ ^n|H an m
4. fn MACDONALD, Minafif
List of Locals District 18
way. Another very Important consld-
cr*''on li th# reduced ItnUage output
canard by blocking a haulage way by
unexpected failures thai must bt
cleaned op during the dav shift
Sixth The use of steel or Iron
props at the face. Thia practice Is
poss'ble only where all tht props can
be lecovered, or In that portion of the
m nt where It Is possible to recovf r
ibe i.ropt before they hate become
overstrained to auch an talent that
thty must be straightened, repaired
or sold for errap. Prop* are made
to serve either one of two general
purposes. The first tvp/ l» th# rigid
prop, which rails upon a compression
of a ran small par cent. Such props
art uetd to keep tht roof in place
snd prevent It from starling to gfw>
tloned tbt feet tbat  tbe  Romanoffs
wtrt the   only   real   steadfast   nrt-i
htrents of tbt ont tint Ood. ;
This morning I saw fn a London
palter an appeal for 100,000 volunteers
and it wound up with "Ood iavt tht
King." Krtti the Ilritlsh don't Intend
to rely wholly upon tht volunteers.
liut theae millions down on their
knots appear to have forgotten that
•van If thia Clod could answer thtlr
mutually antagonists prayers, he
•terns to prefer to keep the promise
he mart*- In hit own book:
-1 salo will laugh at you calamity;
I will mock when your fear cometh,
fbt:% yoar ttmt twetnlA ** dfsoialkm
snd your destruction cometh •• s
whirlwind, thtn aball they call upon
Mie, t>ot I will not answer." - Prav,
in tttt
•• tr.i
,? '*•
Heme Aee.emp.9,
xk'ttuxt Anb Mtm..••• «••*»*•. ntnteb,tntm, Aim,
Dat-Mead..»•»•»••......m. w-»ttuajr»mmmmm§ mite.
I***-* Cwi J. Lonbnn, Dnnxnr Crnnb, tte Ptaabtr, AIM.
(PJ^PPirBwt•••iit*itif***twWH^W ■fmm*mm§ mmm mmt w^m^mvm^^ mmem*
tOnirmrn... W. C. Cbrittopkart. maimer* kite
mottmot*t...».'».,*t**t'*t* tl,- Harrttt, feemmtA Ao.
C«rboadaie *...!. WtdbtM. OntbooAnto, Cslssnat, Alta.
Oawnoit ............... Mlebttl Warren, Oaoaaora, AMa.
Cotttm >*- JttatWB»-C-rtt»AB. Alt*.
Cotiriu.-.-  R. OaHMitt, CoiWa, B.. C.
ChStok Num*......... P. Swanatot. Cbitook. vta Waseotd City, Alia.
Pvm-U  JTtmA ftpWi, tftsrnf*, it. C.
Prs.uk...... ....-• ......ttme, Motweo, Freak. Alta.
HUVmt -Work Attfrv, Wtktwtt, Mix.
umritm ** Mow"*- mi **<* *"*»*•» & i*aif*-i0i
tetMfMgt CWfltrfea,.. .FVm.k Barrla^wa. DatlhwiA Alta.
Wtptetmt...... t.t. it. ttetotto, Psassjtiw, Altt.
ytkbtl Mfefcei»fcC.
Pnmdmte.*■"•■- .....1*. « fltntet. fmmmtm. Alts.
Ttbtr.. A. Pntmmm, tbbnr, MWn,
tietnetem. C«t«ttt...»A« Hi*i«r. Go-tnata**, Oerawra. AJta.
ttnttee Wim Item »cltent»a, tfordagg. via Weak? Moaat.
tit Hate*. Alberta.
The Liberal Club has no time for
futilities, either of protest against the
war, or speculation aB to the outcome.
We leave such things to those who will
follow us. We look facts in the face
and seek for causes.
This war is but a phase of the vorld-
wide, age-long conflict between autocracy and democracy. ,
The text of my few remarks then is
The purpose of the ruling politics of
the world is every country is to retard
reform. We realise and the ruling
class realise that mere man cannot
divert or stop or turn back social
process, it can only be facilitated or
retarded by the acts of man, and the
ruling class, for their own fell purposes, sea fit to retard reform wherever It shows lisetf. Pour years ago
the moderate wing of tha ruling class
In California, known aa progressives,
ousted the extreme wing, known ns
reactionaries, and took charge of the
government at Sacramento. Certain
reforms, Including woman suffrage,
••ere conceded to the people to allay
their clamor.
Ust week, however, at the polls In
this State we saw s seemingly wm
jporary triumph of tbe extreme wing
of th* force* of reaaluu in « vain effort, let us hope, to retard reform.
[Two veer* ago ihf molcraJe «Iim in
the nation at (ante, unhoused In psrt
the extreme wing and Wired the high
priest of reaction, Mr. Tsfi. io prtvste
life, but only last week at Washington President Wilson appointed io a
place on the Supreme Court bench s
man whosn appointment mnde glad
the Ittarts of all reactionaries. The
t*nd*ncy ot this ap|«o!ntrocm l* to retard reform
In Kngland w# see the ext ram*
Wing of »h*» rullwK -fit**, the Tttiiee,
fetdlng tb<» ftren td r*voh nnalnm
home rut* in Irrisnd io retard reform and we **** the modfrmt* win*.
the Ml-wali-i, thmwlne wotat'tt iu jail
rather than tlve th#m th<« ballol. Ami
ao tbt battle rages the world around
*",,*""""> *-,**,,    *.»,.,.,...   *.,mnmt*rtt
■Inafrernr-ltilf.fT ft* Mi... i w i'i,Mm
Minister on \b* out* *!<!*<* am} dome*-
»ey oa tbe tdbot~****r**n kta#**ft
aad priettcraft and their prenwatlre*
on one tide and the common pcoplp,
tt,„ ;.,..i *i,**_„* j^ -hutttt. ***> %mmt*l»*r.
In their effort* to get ,ontrt,i td ihr
('rotting tbe ths an* I *»• tee the
forces of rerorm marshal^ »«i mil
lions.    I tore not whether ftm rail
bilized his-troops on the Austria frontier. Germany declared war on Russia, mobilized her army in twenty
hours—the greatest war machine ever
constructed—and jumped not at tho
throat of RusBia, but at the throat of
the Ferench republic—started not for
8t. Petersburg, but for Paris, to wipe
off the map of Europe at one fell blow
Europe's greatest republic and to
block the forces of reform possibly
forever, *lt was not Russian despotism that was to be crushed but French
republicanism. Germany's war lord
and his apologists seek to Justify their
declaration of war agalnat Ruaala by
saying that the autocracy of Russia is
a menace to the high civilization of
Khirope. France agree* with him,
Kngland and Italy and Belgium agree
with hint, and all tbat the Kaiser had
to do when Russia menaced Austria
wns to beckon England and France
and Italy and all Kurope to his side,
snd the Czar of Russia, coward that
he Is, would have called off his dogs
of war and th<* pewe of Kurope would
have be-pn nsmired for 100 years,!
probably forever.
Opt such a dream   of   peace and
progress was not to be realized.   Russia baa not won a great war tn too
years.  Mie was tha flrat whit* nation
to be Ignominlouily defeated by   a
handful of tbe   yellow    ract—little
Japan.   She has juist paaaed through
a violent Internal   revolution   whose
fires are   merely  smouldering, ready
to burst out. seal" ln#o ti <'flnfl»sr,itlon.
It behooved the Czar to precipitate  a
foreign war to avert an upheavsl sf
home,   It fitted well ihe plana of tbe
Kaiser to engag-f the forces of reform
In the alatiiht.fr of their brothers In
Frs nee and the   war   U  on.   Let us
hope that out of this tntrUd* carnage
will emerge a Kurope without a king
or a csar or a war lord or a mailed
fist, tliat   every vestige ot autocracy
and  militarism   will   disappear   and
e-tory nation of blnaty rule b* *i1rhen
Into exile; that evrey sword shall lie
fumed  Into a  plowshare »»mI  «n*r«
; apear Into a pruning book
j    That Ike war <)rum shall throb nn
I mor* aad the battle flag* k* tnrttd
jltt th# it*ril*tntiv ot wno. fti»» tmlovt
V  V t'ni!
Barristers,  Solicitors,  Notaries,  Etc
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton  Building Fernie, B. C
P. C Lawe Alex. l. F«she'
Femla, ft C.
Will Soon Be Here
We can supply your ns«ds in
either etal tr wood heaters.
Call In and loth ever our tttck
tf ranfte and heaters before tht
ctld weather arrlvea.
lion of the world
itAV AAlTkm net* rn*
i mmmm *****
iCMctft Mtn Complain Tkat Center
|   Held it*mea at Crew Was -ItM-ghi   i
OHirAco. g«i»i, n.-tm tbomt* dny*
| wIhnr ito* -twiard td ■tr*«t*> ha* ♦»*"»•• • *
mte to obtain quels tion-* of grain turn j
Liverpool tht» quotation*  aerw ***ii»
preseed by the Ilritlsh ceaaer. It was
aisled by member* of lha tearl board
The siatemeiit w»* mnd* »fi*e nn ■
ymitliHAiiiiii,   ami  *Mn that   Liner-
"Phone 37
B* Os
S  1
tbem tbt tor*** of r*t,i-v.   ." ■•''v>ib\
ilea, for fwvotattot la   mh   r*tom\p^ m;rfcM  %Wrt   », %nttn*^*'x>   ■«
rst«4 t« tb* nth po,,•: , u,.,fir Awrrtf „., ,,,,,,„ „ ^( llt.^}
On ibe i-uuUtmit tUt* lorf-r. m r* {rentr-aitat bx
form have grow* *« i.;*t*-!A  -b-t-'.T
■dti-mtnin nr*   mn   tn»u*i-i,i. f.-ir ad
htr««t* at namermi* t*>«t tbt-* h.iv.-
kernm* en ttoaotdfoi* «.<;. .<- •** * -fty
tkroo* and i«r<»ri A..*, *. ...., »- »*~-
tt***. nm to ev#r> rriinunt* and p»-
| ritXcaf aitptvwtltltm n »>!•■ ■» »I.f Jn
Franc* o»# or lh«- *%'• ■ ■' r~f,-n
tlie AotStnlkd, at th*/ t*>*t.\ t-umnn -it
em* man, r**xtr*m*e%if*t
itt'   tU'U'.'U tiJUftiimaet, sbmI lha' «"
iho-.'* -t-tii *'*Va m*.»'.ji>w.a mmem «>i«-
paetttd ttm 'bm rttS',** *k'* t,etti' *u*
tm\:aa lot ih** et***r* v***"*
T. ***■ Art- 'at* -nt'ttAi. ** nf thi II i', ;
f.'iii* "• tli,' »■• :,«■. .,u*». uttveuawmd-
P.wfci t»iV.»    *'.«!    jn»hi*r**,,!r»r,, Hub
V.\     ini, *>Ut>tir*-l imitsn H*-
»itni lui any (*** of Catarrh that tea-
net tt* rorrd by Ilali't Cturrb Car*.
»•  i i-j«j;.\j.» s «i»„ ful***. tt.
tt'*   th* tifiH.rtiatf-l   I**.* knwWf, r,
I   r'rr'-.ejr f..r ttv*   li **at*   atut tiwt^Tr
tlm initt-tlf !><>- *.iti,i, in ati |,it«t*»r«w
it*,*,,,..',9. i,-' i , „. , ., hm* tta
--.tt    «.i,» a*y t.i. ffatl >c* iw*«.|* *r *hy
V'"*'\'W, l;.vNK oj  imUMKI-'-K.
i» I I .   .    ' ,,, I tt<.
i ,   «,.*...■»! m»4
"-   •        lit*..
t'tuf '.', timta atatr
If ■'   . .'.<»ni  •■■
.. "I   .;    .l'!< - I   >
Ww.---.-i.   .ttt-.r-rt   9.*
*ittti*9i,al* **tnt ttt,*..
i   r*t,9
If,-.:,*  t-t    »"   !Hr';r*J»t»
timl','* fttrtii.t  I'ti.t f-m tmmet%9
tf,- 4**A \-syv.
AVlien St. Crispin made the first shoe ever worn on
a royal foot the achievement was hailed with delight
by courtiers and citizens.
Invictus Shoes
pave the Royal Road to Comfort.
Unexcelled quality is responsible for INVICTUS
A neatly clad foot is very pleasing to the eye.
There is perfect foot comfort if that neat shoe is an
Footnote—Invictus Shoes are fit for a King.
,*, ■ H    ■* ..      : • ■.
You never had a better opportunity tc* buy a necessity like heavy wool underwear at such a great
reduction. Saturday will be the day for underwear. <
Men's heavy, double-breasted underwear, a good,
soft, warm garment, will be on sale Saturday at, per
garment ". 85c
Special prices will be given Saturday buyers
House Cleaning Time
25 per cent discount
on all wall papers
Money Can be Saved
on the following lines by buying your winter supply now
Never before have we had such a big range of sweaters' and
sweater coats; every new style is embodied in our display. Sweaters from $1.50 to $4.75, in all colors. Sweater coats from $2.50 to
$10.50; in shawl collar or large notch style. The. Norfolk sweater
is a prominent feature; these eome iu greys, browns, greens, maroons, khaki and panana shades. We invite you to look over our
popular priced lines before you make your purchases.
Sweaters for 1914-15
Light weight grey sox;
a good sox for hard wear
and tfhe price is; very
low. Seven pairs for $1.00
Medium weight wool
sox, in dark grey, with
red or blue heel and toe.
This sox weighs 4 lbs. to
the dozen. Saturday, 4
pair for  $1.00
Heavy all wool sox,
with white heel aud toe.
This is a very soft, warm
sox, and weighs 5 pounds
to the dozen. Our Saturday price will be 50c or
per dozen   $5.50
Men's extra heavy all
wool ribbed sox, made by
the Carss Co. This' sox
weighs 6 lbs. to the dozen,
and will outwear any-
thing on the market. Our
Saturday sale price will
be 60c pair,or per dozen,
Women's Dept*
Special value in women's serge skirts, very neatly
made, with button trimming; comes in navy and
black only.   Special price $3.00
Made from a heavy print and nicely trimmed.
Full size and fast washing colors.
Ladies' petticoats in very good quality of sateen,
with narrow flounces and fancy floral design.
Comes in all colors, from  .$1.50 to $1.75
Grocery Specials
Fop Saturday
Castoria, per bottle $ .25
Winslow.Soothing Syrup, per bottle 20
Eiderflower Cream 20
Beef, Iron and Wine, 16 oz -\ 45
Honey Almond Cream 40
Menan's Talcum Powder     .15
Lvmau 's Talcum Powder :.   .15
Ucccham's Pills, pkg 20
Zam Buk :.    .35
Nestle's Infants' Food, per tin     .45
Silver Label Extract, 4 oz.     .15
Silver Label Extract, 2 oz 10
Pure Lard, 10 lb. pail  1.50
Shamrock Matches, 2 pkgs, 35
Siam Rice, 7 lbs. .......' 50
Toilet Soap, assorted. 8 bars , 25
Toilet Soap, per bar 25
Snider's Catsup, pts •   -30
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lbs    .75
Oabbage, per lb     .02
Onions, 10 lbs 25
Panshin Cleansers, 4 tins 25
32 AND 34 IN. FELT—2 YARDS POR 25c
This is a special line and comes in striped and
plain blue and pink. Free from filling. Just the
thing for children's wear.
This comes buttoned and is -made from an extra
heavy cotton.   Special, while they last, each .. .15c
—Money-Saving Prices
The Store of
Is Great Britian
Freeing Europe
(By J. Ramsay McDonald. M.
Naw York Call.)
P., In
Since tho war began, the conservative press has constituted itself ibe
mouthpiece oi the Labor Party. It
knows all about us, wbat we tbe thinking, how we are divided, and what we
bave done In our private meetings.
Tbe usual scribes are inventing their
little tales and are supplementing
their little Income* by a faw extra
copers won in this way, Jn ona
newspaper theee talea appear as a
paragraph In a tandon letter, in an*
other aa a apecial contribution from
"A Labor Correspondent," In a third
as aa editorial article, Needless to
aay, moet td them art aa false aa tbey
are offensive. Hut tbst Is bow the
show It worked. Public opinion omit
ba kept feverish; electors moat be
mislead, and, above sll, tba labor
mcvwMwt. damaged.   Otherwt**, hew
chief ally, Russia, will not allow us
to claim the good credit. The thought
of liberty never entered into tbe
minds of those wbo promoted the
triple entente, it has never inspired
the partners to thia entente—nay,
more—its aacrlfico has kept the entente In existence. It la now a mere
misleading afterthought Ruasla In
arms with ua to free Europe (lorn an
autocracy, whether political or mill,
tary, 4a a grim Joke.
Now let me deal with a aecond
point Those of its who have striven
for a good understanding with Germany have doae ao because wa believed tbat the Rusatan autocracy
could not survive tbe understanding.
That waa recognised In Berlin. When
tb* Kaiser waa here at tbo unveiling
of Queen Victoria's memorial ha waa
tie and all the ibrutalltiea of war. Already there have been acta done tn
this war which make our blood run
fast and proud, but such acts are done
In every mine accident, every foundering of a ship at sea, every sacrifice
of a comrade. If I had to choose between German militarism for yet a
llttlo while and the battles already
fought, the outrages already commit'
ted, the women and children already
made desolate, with their loved ones
and protectors nothing now but
shadows seen through tears, I would
unhesitatingly choose tbe former.
And that ia not the full price. For
a generation or so Europe will be pay.
Ing for this war In. an arrested civlll-
aatlon, a weakened population, and in*
creased poverty. We are but replacing one European menace by a greater one. We hope to remove tbe Mead
with blood-apiashed foot from Berlin
and take In exchange the dreaded
rider on tbe white horse aa tha moo-
arch of Europe.
The bargain Is thoroughly bad. and
tbe people wiil have to make good the
balance. "Ah, but," thay aay, "wa
are all. rich and poor alike, to share
Tbat la untrue. Tbe
could there ba wara?  How could tba _
working class ba %ept divided?   War'j^^   ^   ,u*d!iy gathering
foree to tbe same end.  daman mill-
attacked by the Conservatives In Berlin becauee bla frteodahlp with Oroat I our privations.
Urlulu aaa aubvo-ishtj to iStma nud .rich lose their tbUdrta like tht poor
their methods.    Tba German Social and mourn for them like tbe poor;
fs both tbe seed time and the harvest of the iatereau of tbe class**
that prey upoa the common people.
Unfortunately foe as the gam* of
reaction la easily played. Every peoplo baa a prejndlce aid aa allurement
wbkb, when awake-nod, make* thorn
forget tbelr civilisation aai their roe-
eon    Whisper Russian aggfeaakM to
tary autocracy waa strong, bat tier-
mas democracy was getting stronger.
The growing life within Oerman ao-
doty waa cracking Uio aball which
encompassed It. Tbat shell eoald be
cracked from within—our Boeiallat
policy, or from witbout-tbe policy of
oar foreign office,   tor eight yeara
Oermaoy, tm Inatance. aad St goea off, British diplomacy baa ntm »tm*th-
itt bead; rata* aa aaUOermaa ery
the rich subscribe their thousand* to
tho charity funds, net their woosen-
foik, in comfortable pieces, mike
ahirts for tha wounded and petticoats
for tho orphans, Bat there is no
•quality in Um sacrifice. Tho poor
lose their breadwinner*—tbey loan all.
When the father Is gone charity alone
can fill tho Mentha and cloth* tbo
backa of hte little ones, and charit) la
a bad start in lite.   TV*** rte*t do not
bite, 4»»b pmee ott*o**ts*t "Herr" fctwi
•Von" aad Ut* aanw (hfag hiepp«R«
witb ns. Tba "rotnrn to natnro* te all
toe simple to make ene aw* of one's
footing oo fsisaa Atid bebfttd the
grievous Taps* thaw ta always a w
apectaM* good eentlm-WH.   f snppoa*
•mat Ue shell by affording It a «•!■»» that   Take  yonr sutoeripUoa
•e* tm Ita tnhlmt*,   View tt «mm '*»**   tm widow gives ber ferthia*
m*,m   tm
ill.* ;.!<
;uifl (.in
forward fn war proton-ding t« do tie
breaking. I lay It down as an incontrovertible proposition tbat tbe beet
way to overthrow what despotism
there Is In Oemtsny le by Hermans
from wlthtn, and   not  by   British.
#«**<«*, mam «•»*«•»•» ..v-m.   *,»•««*».
!   ii-ktvl  U' nn A-u%\   SviiH   li.    tli('
and tho rick man Ma ten tbmmnnd
pound*. ReaoR; the widow
n panper and tho rieh ma*
rieh. Tbere ten be n* eonaUty ot
saerifk* -seder snek conditions*. The
poor aro driven mtn tbo darts* parts
■** tttt. WnttMi. tt* *%t, wttanttay ***mtifmt.
i etttd** tktt h**at*mt -kmrdawe and m*ee>
x-X    . _      _
fan it. It I AebU say that *•# ot*\tomtoitom of tblata German mils*!*" t^ n*m mt *m Wgbt of hanwr
fttMtar b*m*e# wo want to tibttetel-uitT mtbmorr wm bed tor mmm t****** *• *****
tSntem tmm th* 0*maa military's* la British aoorot Jlptonme* tm\ mem tb* mWUry bwmnetneloe
bureaucracy. That I* wbat the lade- to try and break either bf n wnr hjw »• abonld Hh* to see tbem do-
emmmtm.- mmmm ***** *m «*<*•» *m mmp** ***** mmtmt, am * mmm t*m..-X**X, -•■>' ».." T" """ M--imX'*':
meet*, and ik reiaito* to that we shall that In Anno Domini IP1I Ik* aMyphMm. aad tlm poor nr* Meeaed; hut
kate to dofftm tmt attftad*. j wty te dethrone tn* ttarmnn mWlnrr <mlMy tbem *• •• nro now protend-
PnramoVf, I am willing to go tof«aat# is for Rrttai* Wtetm nnd Ra»\*A t* Amom tlmm and tb* poor ar*
groat lengths to do this. I bav* *l sia to tip** It! It to oot. Th* end weed for gwmathwa
ways held tkat ttmi lo^tlmat* mn not b* m«*r«d I* that war, eat,! -Thom li a third peto.. Wim is t*
rttrrpon* nf ttrttlnb rnntprt potter to At It wtW. the prtw» U fm tmt. V*m* fh* r*mM At tho tm***mn ot ttwr
atd tbe Mrtb *of l»eny wborerer ** wevli ntber tbat mfntariaas badjpWMit msthidof "We btbtm. earn
maAL   Cut .u ilolag that -xc h*rc to; (fUiUfUhud fur sjiuthtr tea :t&n than ; j»irti3>*r.t<^r "♦*# ***** **"****   1 ****'*
tint wo aimnM have aaatt thwaaaada af tnnt botm Utt that one ot tbt: eblem.
mm ntme tbe patb «r privntlo*.' »ttttary mw tM em mmmrr remiriawl
bate, aint pfn to iNerft, tkat wwlmeenflr 1* • Maml iim tt* wnr
rkomid have rteeenA tionannia «f|*rt|«t bmt tm tmm poar*»~«4«teii***
happy ttrntttoe, tbm •• dkmM hnt-eiemttm tt «tlti ««iM find *ui.■•.**
wuhioti nox metal wtUrm wurt ftir ;t. ;a.n*f .rtrwfTrwir ftfblfaw Ibmne** md
iMitb* tnbet ilgitami Oarmoay aad ««r
tkooon emr friend* and we hav* to b*
«*r*f •! «f «wr van tooted. Tke pnttef
td "the Lttrie* Hnlbrndttr la to lw«p
^iu    ,^^^^^^^mk^^m   ____m^faOto     m^h   -^^^^^tL^k^m,   tnm    Mm^iaaM^
nre txrotitij even*, no ptatrron n wvw
hea-arable Mamie, nud to mnko Un Ja-
.U*.ul«. Ult xU .ivtc llm vitliL Thh
te tm tbm'teett i* tie
who thiak tbla la a war ol liberty. Oar tooee la Earop* al) tb* hists ol k*t! settee ftgbtl** Rasste.    That !* an
exaggerated and dramatic way of
putting an obvious possibility, lt la
unthinkable that Germany ahould win.
It will be overborne by starvation and
financial stress, even If victorious on
the field of battle, and the military
exigencies of its position have forced
it to alienate the sentiments ot liberty in the heart of our democracy.
Morally and financially, it Is weak,
and tbat will settle the battles in tbe
What is then to happen? First of
aU, who Is to be the victor? Not
what la vaguely called "tho allies."
For how can Russia and ourselves
have a common victory? Beforo the
war broke out we were beginning to
see In our "high places" tbat wo had
done too much for Ruasla, and if any
one goes back and studies carefully
atatemento made by 8lr Edward Grey
within the past year it will be ae*a
that bo baa been changing In bit at.
tttnd* to Russia. Not very long ago
I received an explanaUotv of our for
elgn policy from one qualitfled to
speak, and It waa that wo wero In the
triple entente because we feared
Russia, but tbat a conviction waa
growing that wo bad gone too tor.
Wtll, whtn -nermatvjf t* down,, who
will bo up? We will gain little. A
colony of two to add to oor uaeleaa
tardeae, perhaps. Prance will also
havo n colony of two, maytw. and Alsace-Lorraine. It nasy or may not
claim money paymeata. This will
rankle In tn* Oermaar heart Jam aa
th* loo* ef Aleace»Lomin* rankled
In tb* Preach heart. Bnt with strong
democratic movements, thoa* thioga
might bt adjoited la a aehmn* of lam*
log peaae. Wi<h Rttaala the ease hi
different. It, tno. wilt want torn*
thing, bat abov* all Ita autocrsry trill
to rohabBHttlad, tta military ayaum
■Ul to atnngtheted. It wiB boo***
Um domlnaUng p*w*r if Earopo, Nd
I Invader can toncb it. aa NapoUm
Ifonnd to bla coat, aad a* Qermanyt to-
[day aasusnee In ita arvbom* ol mUMwry
'ttrttm     f» tW wvii tm    WMK Sf Hi
■nat*   me A*mm to  Indian wW  b*|
in mweb bMner problem tin* tt la n*w;
ECblaa win in threatened; Persm wffl
I got   It will rivet npon ■• ti* Japnn-
\em nmmm, on* al Um grmtaat pgiW>
*e»v amemarmm tn   rat*   ttrmmtlnt onltf.
Above all. ll wW ratttaHi* ti* PM
Mav mmement. and If ever Enrapa la
t* to mad* a*bj*tt lo a now baiter-
lam tbla meismant ia u» de k. 1
know that If lb* Pan ttar ssovamom
wWi     Wl WHPmWUH*-*^W     W    imWPB* ^m
iamleaa.  Bat the g*veraiae«t ot the
tmt ts Jnot tlmt inlen wtB yw* imi
td aH to demO'ttatlc lafteanrs*
to It eenws te tbm. W* ere fn tbls
i ennfUec tm a mmmipm* Hm* om* o*
i*a» heenea* js*v» m/e" m had Ml
t ri^iyj^   m^^^^^^i^^m^^   ^9^^^m   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^   ^^^^^^9^      mmtA
WtWF WBm^W^pwi WMBB *nmm*mmlm mimi^Hf'    ^m
- ftoflfmmm^   -NNMWPf^NI   ffWH   \mmmm   mfm^m
let* U.  Pr»*« U U U U wipe   ««t
IhTo-TI; Rtu*U 1* TR K f» ifcmfnste
the old worlds-Asia as well as Europe.
I read and listen to the moral flam-
buoyancies of those who tell ua tbat
this is the last war, that from it is
to date the overthrow of tbe military
caates of Europe, that from the destruction of the Berlin war office the
Peace Temple at The Hague ia to
come into real being. It is all moonshine. Far more likely ls it that this
war is the beginning of a new mill'
tary disposition In Europe, of new
alarms, new hatreds and oppreeaions.
new menace* and alliance*; the beginning of a dark epoch dangerous, not
merely to democracy, but to civilisation itself.
To prevent this, we must work with
might and main, and our success will
be measured by our clearness of eight
and courage in explaining to our people now how thia war bas come, what
it really means, and how It ls to be
fire alarm bote* are Installed at tbe
following pointa:
H-Corner Victoria avenue and
Prior street,
Ifr—Corner Victoria avenue and
Oemmll street,
1«—Corner Victoria avenue and
Cm atre*t
17—Corner Victoria aveaue aod
Rofero atroot.
*<—Cernor Victoria avenue and
Device street
S&~#lro Halt.
M-Corner Pellatt avenue and Ale
Rvoy ettoet.
32~Corti*r Howland avenue and
Wood street. ,
Sf-Cerner Htrwland avenoe and
Jattray stmt,
tt—Corner nonfood ave*** and
Oriaaaa atroet.
S»—Corner McPherson and Tbomp-
♦2—Conwp Dflltoo avenue and Cos
•I—Camer caipama
turn Kiwi.
4ifr—Corner Chtpmea
Ttowsom mrm-t
Corner    McKenzie    avenue    and
Wright street.
Corner Pellatt avenue and Davies
Corner McPherson avenue and
Thompson street.
Comer Undsey avenue and Mc-
Evoy street.
Corner Chlpman avenue and
Thompson street.
Corner Klcholls avenue and Ale-
Evoy street.
Corner Chlpman avenue and Cox
street ■
Corner MoPherson avenue and
Jeffrey street
Corner Dalton avenue and Island
Corner McPherson avenue and
Davie* street
Anyone found tampering with theee
fire alarm boxes unleaa tor the purpose ot ringing In an alarm, will he
Fire Chlof.
tarn key. open ****,
WI*|lu| jtf^^^   ~g*^a|<u.   tmeok/k  %^&   ^m|„
■■mitmWw IVQr mmlmm mmm  *W» *^F»
•wit nt tot antfi nrwmoo nrrtro.  V
0AmteJtbM*Wk   Ammm   m, mt
teowmmnm  mui  tmm
m noemg »bov* alarm. «
w*n, Va xt
Deatnietion of Three British Crvlsera
Rank* Among Oreateat of
Naval Ohmtttrt
The deetrnetlon of Um tbre* Brit*
tah ernlaera, Abowklr, Hofu* and
Crenay, ersdtt*d io th* Oerman aoi-
marine*, with th* Ion tt 1.4W Brit.
IA aeamen aai ility offlcors, ranka
•mont tho gmUet naval dlaastaro In
tho number hilled.   Th*   aonaaUon
t^mmmtpttmr^mt  *wjj   w*n**np wHB^wi'im.^FP   met  tRnet^^mmtim
caa easily he mdantood when it la
borne in mind that from tb* point
of view of tm nnmber of Briuah Mm*
men U1M, It la *econd oniy to tb*
British toe* at th* battle of Vsfcant
where tt* Brttkb tost Mil. Mi that
battle waa • British victory.
Wtm destruction of Um Invincible
Spanish Armada* from which dates
British supremacy of tho eoaa, took
iplooo Hi ti* Adwtmi dmrnmi na retr,
.ate, ntm tm Umeum Aw** *.' ii'*
foamd* atmckod ti* dponiah fl**t*of
lit tort* 'varahtpa. U met. tto «pa»-
lardi 4.9M mae.   Of  Um  aolwffll
pmwmmii    siowf    mmwmen       wee       www      >|Fiwiniw
Anndda only St weetktrdmum  and
__^_^_mn.±^im^^M.    g_j_9_^_^_,    _ttnm*i^tm*^*bi^9Jb     a___9_^*_t a*MiA
mntnnte* amp* teroggie*' **ws. * tw*
moaUw later, tato Bantandor Ity.
tmm et tto tttetem
e_tt__.__   ^kaaA   W*t****t*ai^*.A  ttm^meublt****^  m^k   _P_____ auauudgunBt
TM greni wvrni vnttra nt tw mgmtn
■et ti* Thom**, f-Mght ietwnoi Bif-
Ilai tii Dntai fMNRt «i MrNnl
Otwn^p   ammarmo   -w^m^m^^Gj   wanta^mm*   m^mat t ^ aa^qj     *«"^   ^^^m-^m
K, \m, aod wm b\t tu Btigftsft. «oet
tm mtm U men of war. wm ttt
mm of te*» adwtrala mmI iJM *****
reated the French fleet of 26 war-
sliips. Six of the French ships were
captured and one sunk. The French
losses were 5000 men out of a total
of 19,700 engaged, while the British
lost 1,418 out of a total of 17,240 en-
A similarly heavy lose of hilled resulted from the great naval battle of
the Ruaao-Japaneso war at Tsushima, the greatest naval engagement
since that ot Trafalgar. Here on
<May 27 and 28, 1905, the Ruaslan
fleet, under Adalrat Rojeetvensky,
was attacked in the straits between
Japan and Korea by tho Japanese
fleet under Admiral Togo, and practically annihilated. Twonty-ono ships
were sunk, Including six batUeahlps,
four cruisers, a coast defeoao ship,
tour special service nulpt nad throe
trope-do boat deetroyera, and flvo were
captured, Including two hatUeahlpa.
The Russiana lost 4,000 kUlad or
drowned and 7,4X8 officers and man
taken prisoners, while Uie Japanese
lost 110 men.
Tho Nil* and Trafalgar
Tho battle of the XII*, in which
Lord Neleon, on Auguit 1, nil, with
thirteen ships of tbe lis* and oo*
fifly-gun ship, attacked in Abottldr
bay tho French ftaet o* HkttVm •*>!*
of tho Uo* and tour fri«at**. coat
th* Frooch all bit tw« of tbelr ship*.
captured pr dsetroy**; and S^M of
tbelr 1.810 mea. The British loot IN
mon of IJtm engaged.
At Trs/aJgar, Lord N'elsoa's fleet of
tweuty**v«i BriUsh sail of tbe Um
ud foot frigates, on October 21. IMS,
attacked tke allied Prenck and Spaa-
Ith iltoto of thirty-five ships of th*
Iln* and seven frigates, compiling
twenty of tho alUM* ship* to Mrilm
tbelr colotv. Th* British Mat 4lt
kll'ed «• t ot IMtft nur.! Tho allies*
losses of th* 8IJW0 wgagod war*
never aaceriainsd though Ihey war*
•cermevoly 4arger than thOM tt th*
Britlrh, owtng to the battlo «**tf m*
to a tremendtms atom thnt owopt th*
met latmrdUtaly afterwuda.   Thtt
• *-*    ■*. ■* '.-..    **■»;-. *
U 94.9.4     ...H.;,.^      **■««
Bmergwsty he** *h«*s *r* aiaOotod
•I. lh* tolVawtag pttedm.
'te Park—Park gnt*   iaaar   W. f.
mthmtmtmtmkmlV^m    wm.^A9MAm±9^m.1k
jiimpmi m wwwmtm*m*Ww*f
■tetnmtm.^mem ■bjttmm^mtkm ^^^^^^^^± ^^^j^ m^^*^^^><~
^ wiiipi tp imtm erwnwe aw* vnum
IrWrfl,. rtiflrfl ^rtj-ifflMvt-iN. -ftewef **m *%e
aea---Osay Province,
SH-Lh  AOMtt am*g*mnmmmett^iJk  Sua  #^a mt^k^,-. ^Ltb
reury of the HTltenot Looal ♦
hi advtee all mea t* eter tmtf ♦
from thtt camp tar tiki preset ♦
m iher* tt* mor* thM ftfBt* ♦
^^^9 ^^^^ ^^ tttt * m_^___^_m ^_*
Htr*tt* r.     -^M/t     tm-.      ■--.-■**-*-   * " ■» iMrMIMlh    *^k
nouco win m pm tafoofi m
tbtm oe^nmna when oendaiena ♦
of iMMttlit It th* flaree naval bat-
tii of Urimnt. taow* m tm *wmt
At tm mm et Jam, IIM.* wto* ti*
Itot*^^ 1^^^ ittlii X __mA Wmmm   mlik
Wmmwmtm pwot MMme  ■w^^om ■•■mw^ *mp
•' 'Mil Of A*
■awwrw-m^B   **^*w   w^^^m


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