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The District Ledger Mar 13, 1915

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Array MAR 16 WW
Industrial Unity Is Strength
No. 29, Vol. Vin.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
K
■ THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 13, 1915.
New Writ For
Civic Elections
Thursday evening, Mareh 4th, we
attended ii meeting in th>- Council
Chamber. Grouped around the table
were J. L. Gates (Mayor) and Aldermen Graham, Jackson, Roblchaud, Uphill and City Clerk Moffatt, whilst among Lhe wallflowers we noted School
Trustees Henderson, Dicken and Williams, Aldermen-Elect Barnes, Brooks
and Marsham, City Englueer Ramsay,
Fire Chief McDougal, Electrical Superintendent Finn, Chief of Police -Brown,
and 'f we have omitted any will include them in the category, "et al."
After the 'minutes ot the previous
meeting -hud been read and accepted,
City Engineer Ramsay presented his
report, the principal Item mentioned
being the macadamizing of the business portion of Victoria Avenue, but
from ihe remarks made this is apparently only practicable in part ow-
hvg to the sewers not being connected,
und the smallness of the intake at J affray Street, where the waters converge.    The ireport was filed
Next item on the programme, was
the offer, already accepted, made by
the Home Bank tor $5,000' worth of
i city debentures at 90 and accrued interest.
School Trustee Henderson presented
the estimates for the-school expenditure for 1915, which are $15,000.d0,
over $2,000 less than last year's estimate, and this des-pite the fact that
there is an additional teacher on the
staff and $450 more to be paid for rent
nnd janitor.
School Trustee Henderson also called attention to the need for making
sewer connection at the Annex School,
This brought out a short dialogue with
Alder. Jawkson as the interlocutor.
Aid. Ja«kson: .How far down havo
you dug?
G. G. Henderson:    We,  have   gone
down to the sand.
: [ Aid. Jackson:   -What Is the condi-
tlrtn   ,„*..,,,   *V,a   -jralci-o   fla-a?
-^ nvd=if^SH——.m^-^-.t-mr-wm.—.— —-•• m   -~	
Miners And Operators
Still in Session
vineial authorities having gone to considerable expense in the printing of instructions on cloth and posting the
same conspicuously on trees and other
prominent places where picnickers
foregather. "An ounce, of prevention
js worth a pound of cure!"
The residents In the immediate vicinity have good cause for complaint if
this crying (perhaps later on "smel-
liii-g" will be more appropriate) nuisance is not remedied. To delay this
Is false economy. It is a gamble with
t'he 'health of the entire community at
stake, and if an epidemic of scarlet
fever, tyiphoid, diphtheria, or smallpox should -break out the city may find
Itself -sulbject to n far greater loss than
the cost of connection would entail.
The experience of other cities
throughout tihe province furnishes ample proof of the "penny wise and pound
foolish 'policy.".
We realize that times are hard, and
economy Is necessary, but when the
well-being of the people is jeopardized
it is uot economy but parsimony, and
should disease be caused those who
may be loudest In their squeals regarding the outlay would most probably be
the first to condemn the City fathers if
they do not take early action.
Aid. Jaaksoii broached the subject of
a reduction of salaries of the clvlr employees. This waB discussed at some
length and finally resulted in City Engineer Ramsay, Assistant Fire Chief
MoCulluin ahd Harrison, of the street
cleaning department, each getting a 10
day lay off.
Supt. Finn, speaking on behalf of
the Power and Light Dept., said that
what holidays the employees took
were mutually arranged among themselves, and that tlieir labors were continuous the year through, including
Sundays and holidays. Upon a question -being 'put by Alderman-elect
Brooks, the City Clerk stated that a
. -firjn__of_Vancouvflr--Jaiwyfirs was pre-
During the present week numerous
rumors, arising from nobody knows
where, have beeu in circulation touching affairs: incident to the making ,<f
tlie new agreement.
We again advise those who hear or
read of anything about what the conference at Calgary is doing to place
no reliance in same.
The conference Is still in session,
and whatever It results in we will at
ouce acquaint our readers us soon
as it is practicable to do so.
10 MEN RESCUED OUT
OF 258 ENTOMBED
I COLLIERIES AT HILLCREST
j HAD  VERY  FAIR  YEAR
I In Spite of Explosion Company Show j
1 Operating Profit of Nearly $100,000 j
! Somewhat Less than in 1913 i
WAR   MUNITIONS
PLANTS ARE TAKEN
HINT-OX, W. Va., .Mar. 8.—Rescue
parties late tonight had brought out.
alive ten men anil recovered .the bodies
of nine victims of the explosion which
entombed 258 miners in Layland mine
of the Xew River and Pocahontas Consolidated Coal Company, seven miles
from Quinulmont, early today. The
work of rescue is continuing and is aided by the crew of rescue car Xo. & of
the United States Bureau of Mines,
which reached the scene tonight. From
ull available sources it is estimated
nearly 1C5 men are still in the mine.
Most of the entombed miners are foreigners. •
B9 C. Legislature
Prorogued
Despite losses consequent on the ex- | VLCTOUU> ^ MarcU y ._The re.
plosion in the Hillcrest 'Mine early j L-onstruction of the provincial cabinet
last, summer, the company came i will, in every probability, not be un-
through the year in fair shape. The | dertahen until after the election. In
net operating  profits  were  about 25 jthe meantime Hon. W. .I. Bowser will
G. G. Henderson: It comes up quite
hlgfh.
Further remarks'were made and
then the queatioo was dropped! T£e
rea»OD assumed Is the expense.
■* TT-hisTs a inatter that afcould'be attended to regardless of tho expense incurred ja the health of tbe -community
is endangered if neglected.
In order to Insttt Into tho minds of
the children the necessity of cleanli-
' ness lt they come to scliool with dirty
hands tnd faces they are sent home,
and properly ao.
We bote read considerable about the
precautions one should take to prevent
forest tiros when out camping, the Pro-
paring a writ calling for a new election.
IThe imeetlng then adjourned.
Friday mornlug last a meeting ot
City employees dpclded^thfs-^would
turn over 10 p. c. of their monthly
cheques to the City -Treasury with
the distinct understanding that the
amounts thus donated should -be used
for relief purposes only, as It was felt
that this would be the most equitable
arrangement especially as tiie nature
of the employment of those effected
was such that a lay off was not prac-
tlcable if -present efficiency were to
be maintained,
LONDON, March D.—The House of
Commons gave the government today
authority to take over the control of
the entire manufacturing trade of the
country and to place it under a combined management for the purpose of increasing the output of munitions of
war.
Most Drastic Measure
The defense of the.realm act, passed at the outbreak of the war, gave
the government power to take and exercise control over works where war
materials were being actually made.
David Lloyd-George, the chancellor of
the exchequer, on behalf of the government, today asked that the. control of
the manufactories be extended to
works which were capable of being
used for that purpose.
This power was unanimously grant
oil, although Andrew BonanLaw, the
leader of the opposition, described the
measure as "possibly the most drastic
ever laid before parliament."
TTiis step on the part of the government came aB a complete surprise,
although Mr. Lloyd-George In a speech
at Bangor last week emphasized the
importance of increasing the output of
war munitions, which labor disputes
at that time threatened to diminish.
Workers are Public Servants
Xow tho workers in tbe'manu-fac-
-iufins-irade-wiU-be-is-ihe-pogltloii-of-
public -servants, and the government
hopes that this fact will impress them
with the importance of keeping up
supplies, for which the armies and
navies of the allied countries largely
THREE  KILLED IN  MINE
OAKLAND CITY. Ind, March 'S.~-
Three men entombed In the Ayrshire
<'oal mine near here yesterday were
found dead today when the debris
was cleared away. The men were
placing props when they were crushed
by a fall of slate.
GLADSTONE   LOCAL
Special mass meeting will De .itld
in the Grand Theatre, Sunday, March
14th, at 7.30 p.m., to discuss ways and
means for supporting the men affected by the explosion in B. Xorth mine.
S. P. OF C.
B. C.
Coal Mine
Act Amended
Following ire mm of the more important provltlotu ot the Act to amend
the God Watt Regulation Act, which
was Introduced in the Legislature on
Wednesday, by Sir Richard MoBride;
Seetfam I—Re-enacti Bectlon 8 of
original Aot and provides thst employe
be furnished with a detailed statement
of how amount paid to bin la arrived
Section t—tU'eMcts Section 10 of
original Act, aai farther provides that
all faaaltr dedoctlons for dirty coal
thallte credited to a fund tor defray
lag Ue expeaeea ot the Uas Committee laspectieg tha talne-ths fund
tolm Joletly odmlelitered by the manager aad a cownlttee representing the
workawa.
geotieo 4-«»tMCti Section IS, aad
provides agtlait ewaert or ageata aot
qutllHed aa managers Interfering with
meaagemtat of underground wordings
aad Units the nember of mines to be
controlled by tno manager.
■octloo I Hooaeds teeth* tt, aad
pmUee l*r mttm omfteylag net more
thu tea persons being «*der the tap.
ervMoa of tlw hoMor ol a third-class
eertKteeto of eoejpeteacy
A meeting will be held on Sunday
at 2.30-p.m. for the purpose of discussing the. business affairs in the Socialist Hall. A full attendance is requested.
Contributions for the campaign fund
for the forthcoming election will be appreciated and acknowledgment made
through the press.
MUNICIPAL ELECTION
Wf-ffa    fnr    Iho naw elACtinn ha.v-f>
been issued under the authority of the
Attorney-tleneral.
This is th* result of a somewhat
tangled skein, and the City of Fernie
t> well out of what at first promised
:depend upon this country. ■• A business l to be an lnt&*Uilh**la legal dispute,
Section 12-Re-enacts General Hale
1, and provides that the meciankal
apparatus for furnishing ventilation
shall -be placed not lees than fifty foot
ott the Hae of tlrway.
Section IS—Re-enacts General Rule
i, aad provldea that the measurement
of the separate currents of air aball be
made at a point not more than 800 feet
from the tint working face la oach dla*
trict.
Section M-He-enacti General Rule
4, aad rellevel the manager from pro*
vldlag a suitable gas tetter or teaton
for determining lower percentages of
marsh gaa In the mine atmosphere
thaa cea be determined br the ordinary safety lamp.
.Vote—This change it made for tho
reaaoa that whin the original ael wat
latrodoeed Jt iris Intended that a MF!e»
lor" alcohol limp would be used for
Ihe purpoee ot letting, hot aa Oeneral
Role 10 prohibit! the me of a tingle
gaate lamp In my mine, the "Meier"
lamp bolng a ilngle game eoald aot ke
mot. Tbe fcpartaieat tot beea ua-
able te fled « Hmp that win meet the
reqolremeaU of original Oeaeral Role
4, aad la (he meaatlme It It anfalr to
men. will be given charge ot the or
guiiljsatlon.
(The above action is indeed significant, as It thereby establishes a'precedent which will not be lost Right of
by those upon whom it Is Imposed;
furthermore, may result in most Insistent demands being made by those affected that tho necessaries of life at
well at the instruments of death, shall
be controlled by the government' Because of the constantly increasing cost
of living forcing the workers to threaten to itrlke unless higher wages are
paid hat necessitated thit moil drastic
step In order to proteot Britain's ©om-
mercial Interests. In like manner
may the government be compelled to
extend itt powers, and by control of
the thipplng and other indtwtrlei, prevent thdm from acquiring huge profits
to the detriment ot the contumer.)
The Attorney-General's Department
has advised Messrs. Macnell and Ban-
well, who were aeting aa solicitors tor
tho City in mis matter, that writs for
new election would be issued immediately and that the nominations would
take place ou the 29th day of March,
191-5, and the election on the first day
of April.
Section •—Re*mecti Soctlon S6, and j tiddle the depirtujent snd manage
permtta a "coal miner" to bave oae at-[mont with a miponilblllty Impottible
autaatoreontattie. ito comply with.
#■   itmtl
,,„ mi.i.tt9
t* 999,9 -.-4*     W „ .
,* <m.
VtHbMlii en otttmfii mr ait-pveoMeet*^.^ ^^M^e worn "inftMwniArte"
for *#«|fl©t1v»" tb the second line,
Soctloa H-Booaactt Oeaeral Bale
10 aai world tt for teoWag aefety
lamae la all ubtee aad laeladet mtaet
»»»tfflMt»  *Xi<*n y*ne* bene   •».»».r*i»>r*«e'  i*m   ♦*«■»   n>»«»<
Wtfttmtort* it »*• woilrtag Ruse
ualete eeeompaaled by a ">eoal miaer.M
Vm0oo that a oafdMata for a "eoal
r?il«-#*»y" »d«fflMt»  *t***ri tm,** beam     ,_  ......   ...
emitONi at tito working torn for aot[«Mwgrowri,
n,t m & *., |i f
low thaa twelve moatba.
Soctloa I die eaaclt teeUoa -U, aad
oalf traaafoeee tho' words of the pro-
vtto.
lottlai IQ—Reeaarts loetloa ti, sad
provldea ter aafovate plaat showing
tlm eyttom of voatlfiMMi fa the artae,
aai t»M tot Mat tkaa tta white print*
thenof itfag ahraio aveSaMo fer tho
ooe «f rooroe ptt«l#a.
iogttoo It—Re nmntn Seot*m» W aad
arotMte that alt tooAn ot egwtt beiag
eoooptoteesly aMftnl ta tho miae.
•eotloo 11-Rooaaeu Gsoetat Rale
11 aai addi gabeottloa K, providing
ttot ietoaators, etolootveo aai fate bo
upplled to tke mai minora at coat
prico plat freight aai harittag
charges.
■aeMoa lt,~Rfreaa*ta Qoiwal Rtle
Ne. it aad permita Um leadtag aai
ttmaMaaeoei flrtag of foor bolet la t lo
bm wall werfclata wlmvo tlwowal It
aaiertot to a depth of wt laaa ttoa
flvo foot »Nfllei tlm total oaeatKy of
^mtamtmSbtm-im^ttmmam-m    — •mm-tt    Jbj^^^   --Mfe^m    ^^^^^^^j^jo    ^^mm*
eipwsiTee tno ooaa mn onooa mm
Douod la weight,
Section 19—Re-enacts Central Rule
13 and limply transposes   the   sentences.
Section 20—Ro-enaeta Central Rule
14 aad provides tor barrier   pillars
along boundary line.
flection 21—Re-enaeti Oenertl Rule
SS and provldei that every dn thould
be equipped with a teltoeoordlng water
guate, a record of which shall be kopt
in tho office at tht mine and tball be
tcceeslble to the Impeetor ol Mlnet.
Section Sf—Re-eaaeta Oeniral Rule
37 aad provtdea for tbo election, la
placo of appointment, of the latpectiort
(gaa) committee by the workmen employed la tho mine, and la the event of
ftllure by the workmea to elect auch
comeotttoe, tbo Chief Iatpeetor of Mia
et It empowered to telect two eompe-
teat mlaora from amoagtt the workmen to perform the duties of tha com
mittee, aod make It laoambent oa the
maaagomeat to withhold fiom tto
•age* ot tto workmea a taffleleat mm
to remunerate tht persons miking tbe
Inepectloflt. Cliote I empower! the
Minister of-Mlnea te make rtirnlitloni
governing the election of tuck committee.
flectfot) SS~Reenaett Oeaeral Role |
• <    <«•   ^U.UII,   IV.     ,H«    ««)«ri>i    ttt,*,
Iti.i.lul,iihi1ii,l'   uf  i:;\',h lic»UWJ   \'}    Uif
aMsagemtat on Ihe request of two-
tkiris ef tto workmen, aai redaeee tto
charge for ate of aame from ft to 7ft
mmm tt -m -imo ^^jsoaifc
CVna* pHT mmnn*
r*    , * * .       ft i      t . * .. % f* J *
Rato 41 A» whldi prwrMtt f«r ttl»*
ptoMt AM watroU U« tm of #^<v
mffWPi #WMMinWMHD1S     -VWfNFn     1^
aai corrects a typographical error, tto
word "or totag ebatgoi to "vT la
Ito aiiMeatk llae aai makes ooao* of
tto nntston aad owrtdeefer protection
oador tto Workauta's OeniwBsatkm
AetofOMatraialworoatagtdlaartae
or lint aH worti, or eaiagti la
tofe oa talalf of tto
MmaiHMMAAtfH^I ^^^w -M^^aA^^m tbtb *-~jh
pivfwov wy hmtnm n at
tUeAd
FERNIE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
That tract of land comprlied within
the following boundaries: Commencing at the Intersection of the forty-
ninth parallel of latitude, being tbe
International boundary, with the eastern boundary, of the province; thence
weat along the said forty-ninth parallel
to the eait bank of the Kootenay River; thence northerly along the east
bank of the Kootenay River to the
southwest corner ot lot 113; thence
wost to the centre of tbe said river;
thence along tho centre line ot tht
Kootenay river to the mouth of the
Palllser River and the centre of the
Kananiikli Paaa to the eait -boundary
of the province; thence .southerly
along tht eaat boundary of the province to the point of commencement
ehall constitute Pernio electoral district
PATRIOTIC SALL
On Wedneeday, .March 17th, a grand
Patriotic Itall will be given In Victoria
Hall, the proceeds from which will be
used for the purpose of mlnlitertng to
tbe dependent! of thote at preaent engaged la iho hit fight
IRISH  CONCERT  ANO OANCt
There will to aa Irish ('oorert and
Moot la tho HaU of tke Holy Ifcatl?
Church on St Patrick's Hey, March
17th, commeaetat at S.I5 p.m.; admission, ifc. Detldts the stoat attraction!, the -flowler Quartette will be in
eteadsnee tad reader several selec
Uoei.
per cent less than for 1913, but the
general statement is cheering. The
following from the Montreal Star
gives the details of the company's financial position at the end bf 1914:
Net profits of the Hillcrest Collieries, Limited, for the year ending Doc-
ember 31 last, show net operating profits, after providing for all expenses,
amounting to $92,764, a decrease of
$32,315.
In submitting the report of the directors, C, B. Gordon, the president,
pointed out that the serious explosion
which had occurred in the mine on
June 19 last had interrupted the steady
progress the company has made since
its inception.
The property loss due to the explosion was comparatively small and was
promptly repaired, but the loss of
life was serious both to the miners'
dependents and to the company. It is
customary in Alberta to pay compensation In the District Court, and a-s a
result $3,000 per month is being paid
off to the beneficiaries until the whole
amount is liquidated. At the present
time it is impossible to compute the
total liabilities from this explosion, as
a large number of those killed were
foreigners, and it is not known yet
AVhether or not they left dependents.
Referring to the output of the company it was pointed out that it had
been materially affected by the general curtailment in business, but the
directors declared the property was
never in better condition, and It is
hoped that no diffioulty will be met
with in meeting the liability to the
compensation fund as it arises.
Note—The above, taken from the
TiPthbrldce Herald, must indeed be
vety-jjignring-newfl-tp the srarehold-
ers in view of the delays In operation
caused by the explosion and the many
idle days occasioned by the dullness of
the coal market.
When the disaster happened the
question of compensating the dependents followed In Ite wake, btft whtn
the matter was pressed voluntary liquidation was mentioned as a probable
outcome If payment en bloc was urtjed.
The miners' representatives, feeling
the responsibility of the situation, and
not wishing to Jeopardize the indemnity to which the dependents nre legally
entitled, considered It expedient to
submit to the plan adopted of paying
43,000 por m >nth Into the District
Court.
Thai c is one mistake wade lii tho
report referred to. The Instalments
are not yet being paid Into court and
will not be until June, 1915, practically
one year after tbe disaster took place,
and during the interim the dependents
have been attended to from the proceed! of private subscriptions raised
on their behalf and the moneys contributed by the fellow workers ot the
victims administered through their or-
ganltatlon—the V. M. W. of A. No
more convincing evidence of the paramount Importance of the profit tide ot
the story ean be put forth than It
shown In the present Instance. The
"risk" which cspiul undertakes In
connection with Industrial pursuits Is
given first consideration. The risks
which the worker takes tn order to
provide for himself and thote near and
dear to him ar** secondary. Sorti Is
the dictum of capitalism, and will continue to be so until the working class
awaken to the necessity of changing
conditions when mankind, not money;
humanity, not property rights, shall
demand the more Imperative attention.
These repeated lesions, though dearly bought, must eventually arouse the
workers to cette supporting a system
which so disastrously affeots the welfare of their class ind Instead of voting those In powor whose prime fnne
tion is the protection of .property interests, will selte the relet of eovern-
Kent nU ad«tt»l»t*r to ibe   tqairt
temporarily administer the portfolio of
•nuance und agriculturo, The decision
of the government to create a department of railways, as distinct from public works, means that three cabinet positions will have to be filled, namely,
the new portfolio, that, pf finance ami
the presidency of the council. No other
resignations are expected.
.'Nominations'Will Hike place on .Mar.
27.     The statutes provides that two
weeks shall elapse before polling day
after nominations have been made.
Discussing the question of dissolution Snturday night, Sir Richard McBride sold:
"Deeming it imperative, in view of
a number of considerations vitally affecting the well-being of the province
—considerations mainly arising from
the crisis of the war—that the country
should be consulted In respect to the
policy which th-e government .purposes pursuing to meet the situation.
I have asked Ills llonor for a dissolution and this has been granted. The
Legislature will, therefore, be dissolved on Monday when a date for the
election will also be fixed.
"Some changes in the personnel of
the Cabinet will be made to meet the
wishes of those who ihay feel disposed
to relinquish office and to strengthen
the administration at n most critical
period in the.history f the province.
An "announcSment in (his particular
will be made public very shortly.
On General Record
"nie government ot which I have
the honor to be leader will appeal to
the electorate for another endorsement at its hands on Its general record, but more particularly for the
renaoii thnt it purposes in the future
attacking y 1 gnrniigl v ;i ji<j__-g.Q»t" <**L
piii'.s  io  ihe  Islam!  iail\\:i>   systeni.
"As a result of the crisis due to the
.v:ir, ,i iiiuliiiude of ;:ew problems
must Iif' in red in British Columbia,
and it is my purpose as U-ader ot the
government   to   face   those   problems
mI apply myself to their solution, lt.
is my c ouvictiou tliat we arc only at
tisn beginning of provincial development and that now mon- than ever before, we need faith ami confidence in
the future of thi) country, aud courage
and energy in np-jilyijiw nursi>lve<< to
the great task sot our bauds.
Grappling With Problems
"The legislation laid before the
House at the session just closed relative to the matter of aid to the agricultural industry is an earnest of the
-determination of the government to
grapple in a specific way with some
of these problems, and as well indicative of the line of policy which 1
shall advocate in respect to other important matters of provincial development and conservatism. I shall avail
myself of an early.opportunity of publicity announcing these pew lines of
provincial effort, which must engage
the attention of the administration If
we are to be true to the conviction
that this country but stands at the
threshold of her great career.
"It is perhaps unnecessary to add
that in detreiniiiing to ngaiu consult
the electorate of this country I do bo
with the fullest conviction that the
same generous measure of confidence
which has been reposed in nw> on
various occasions during the past
twelve years will be again forthcoming in undiminished measure. I yield
to no one in my great and unimpaired
faith in the splendid future of British
Columbia. I purpose giving the beat
that is in me to the task of bringing
to thu speediest fruition those projects for its development wliich have
already  been so  successfully  initlat-
ously those features of provincial development which though already
Initiated are still incomplete. 1 refer
in tills connection to the matter of
railway construction, both ou the
mainland and the Island. Those sec-
"tions 'of*U*6''-'railway programme *■ 6fc
the mainland, which are still ln progress of construction, must be pushed
along to completion; and this also ap
ed."
The Liberals of the Delta riding todny uominnted A. D. Paterson aB their
standard bearer. Mr. Paterson (b a
cousin ot the ex-licutenant governor of
ilritlsh Columbia.
• .The" Ubeft-leSfyMrentio^ for V^upou-
ver will likely be held next week, lt
has been definitely decided to contest
every seat In the province.
Price Ellison and the
"Old Cow" Transaction
"Three Acres and a Cow," carried  never occurred in this or any other
tbe late Joseph Cbaonberiain to political victory; "Four Cows and no Acre"
may deprive one of U, G.'s bonorables
of his position In the li. C. Legislature.
This, however, may not close his political career, as the Federal house at
Ottawa can bear testimony. 'The members for Newcastle aud Columbia muy
get the gentleman's "goat" If the statements contained In the speech reproduced hereunder are substantiated.
"There is a matter to which 1 wish
to refer which I think merits a considerable deal of attention rrom this
house," declared Mr, Parker Williams.
We appear, In spite of our disinclination to ipend money In aome form of
fl»fl«rtsnfi» to th" farmer, to have become extremely desirous of Importing
pure-bn'd stock Into H.C., and In connection therewith establish the colony
farm at Bssondsle, the government
has Imported from the U.8.. Kaatern
Canada and flreat Britain, at a high
price. The Minister of Finance
also has a farm which Is at Vernon.
Twelve months ago, to be exact, on
February 1", I asked for certain Information about the colony farm,
havina certain Item that thlna« were
persons to whom stock had been sold
meats of a soilety ss a whole ir,*\tnt\ \ by pr)vttll M|„   j^„ r#pnM, aithounh
annooaatwrt aw Matt
In ord*r to facilitate the handling
of mall at tbo front aad to Inter*
proa«pt deiUery It la requested thu all
mall be addreteod at followi'.
lii Wit'lr
tal «%amo ....,,..,.*.....,„,.,...
Itt RegSmeatal Neither	
(dl Compear, Igaadroa, Battery or
OWWrf  WNfc  ******************
let (Battalion	
ifP *Hn(«pWHl   •■»>#e«#*«e*t**«#*e«e**e»e
_,..„._..        ^91—    "on.,
II'tHPHIf    **,.*** . , •*r*.******»..*fN**.|
iki Itrltisb KxpetttXtmtry Vore* ....
Army foot Offtee,
LONOON.lEOr.UAM)
of the peenintry benefit of a small per
fenfet* thereof.
J08tf»M MABTIN'I PAPIR
"VANCOUVI* gVININO
**0*,hi*m*.   *.miLb"i ii.•*•*-«, «.C.»
legislature in this country.    At least,
I hope not.
"Wo find that a cow, Axle Potch
do Kol, was bought by Ute provincial
Kovernment for a cost Uld down at
the farm of $342.75, and tbls animal
was sold by private sale to the minuter of finance for $25.
"Not 125," the Provincial Secretary
Interrupted, "the Minister of Finance
pi Id the market value for the cow "
"Tben If there Is a mistake It falls
upon the shouldera of the ipeaker,'
the member for Newcsstle continued.
"Mr. Speaker Is responsible for the
correctness of the order paper and of
the votes and proceedings of thle
bouse. I propose until somebody re-
puUiuUk Wit* correuUiewt of the issue
of the votes and proceedings No.'s %
and A, of Friday Inst that 125 goes.
This tow, Axle, cott laid down
1342.75, and the was sold to the minuter or finance ror 4'.*u. Koxy of
Klmwood, another pure-bred cow.
cost tint province $2I1,SS, and the was
sold to the same gentleman for 1*5.
Itose d« Kol Fayne cost |IS« and Wai
sold for If". Meta Clothild 1'. cost
laid down at tinsondale fISO, and was
.    ,. .        „ .     .. .imh* ,0 «h* »•«■ "»•* Minuter of Fl
not at they should be, snd I asked „i||wt for $.ft     fh9 l0|gl ^ of tJ|#
for the names and addresses of th«'|foilr ,.„*„ WM tvm mA (jM,y w„„,
•old to lh»* Minister ei Finance for
i:w*.
Civet Information.
"f*w»w»Wy ttt* hon gentleman might
ask   thi»  manager of  the  Canadian
they were not quite ts explicit a* I
wouH Ilk*, migrated thnt «h«> Mini*
lei of Finance has been a pimhiMii-r
to tt coaeMtiTOble extent.     Th* items («„«■,.-,,,,» ., v.. ur—i-i...
ar* not plainly detailed thero.     The | !*",,t fV^ . ,      fl **""***
number for ooJamwa on Friday >a«jfn, fW rnit.;„
***** abitt iu n*t mine iii.uiiu**.wu u-ii*
Joseph Mirtln. the stormy jwtrH of , ^^ ^^g p,rtu|« mor« to so
pontics, has taken ap a new vocation
and ta a combination preventative of
annul we doubt if he could have made
t........,   ,,*.,,. i*,   .... t.»,..
<j« aefclmg hi* q-mtleme
"Improper Hiletleet,"
ad I leWct km—polities aad a aowmop-
er. Although tho JonrneUtUe venture
It tn the Initial stages a libel solt for
ItMOO has already been alerted
agalnat tba Vancouver Bvealeg Joor*
aai. Deeptle tho fcoge profMe Obtain-
ifi nm tor ileeond* CaaaOlaa toe.1#4 fww lk# 0per«t>oe of a dally, we
ba'e oor deoti whether tbe eatra mtb-
eitremety Improper relations have *x
d betweta the Minister of Finance
tnd tome of the government servants,
aad peeatbly some of the otber mtete-
tore, tooaoae tbe responsibility for iho
acta of Hie employe* of the Provincial
Secretary s department or oae of the
hvanehet of It, rests opon the Frovtn-
Ofr. aad Mra,* Mark Owoo
Fernta vtattort *trtag the aaat wook.
Hrtty givea will rnaWe the t»rtiM*ts»«ial Hertetary, W# flad thst Uw-'Mtn
amaager to raise hia carl nttoa wfftcl-j liter of flaaac* worn to the medical
Mt to cover tho perawnMa of each | s»j*ri«t««4*et aad the torvdtaue of
aa the oa* clatnaod. tthe ^i^my farm to dicker awt tarter
IJMWL—It la ttated that Mortlaifor the perehaoe of praviactal prop-
jertf.     A mora detriorable eose haa
Youn-it
"I would say it would be a favmr fe
w aad a duty to the houee aad every-
on« elsr that at any point 'wh*re I get
■*-j ..-•■<.,*.-.!,,v,- "iu"*, » «.v**«* mw a<**
tfreight, so I thank the mlRister tor
the Information." wid ..Mr, Wllllamn.
"But the point It ibati we rely on
a bank manager at Xew Weatmlntfer
or th« ri'ply whi«"h the miniiter it
iwsiieailMe for In this bouse? What
w*r* ttm oueMlons of the hoo, tho
HM-m1n>r to* CoIubMm Mod »ha» worn
Dm r«-*»H**T Tak*- the votot aad pro-
coedtagt for Friday Isit aari find oot
what the definite questloot wero*.
Whet did Axle Posci do Kol totiT
The re*Mr •• ggtli and Jft per e*Ot ot
trmmtt*m**1 mt* Ptf* f%et. PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT I^GER, FERNl^ B. C, MARCH .13, 1915.
-'' ; ■  "'  -;*  -     ;■'"■ ■;'     /•■■7\"S "   ..7    ■.-..■    -■"■ ., ' -..■■.-;   ■'       ■■•..,■"..-' ■■■""'., ■-' "S*\   ■.'■■;    : ■         ... ,   .
Accidents
i
Roof And
From
Coal
Falls of
By George S. Rice
Inamiiaiaisimiasa^^
fireat mine explosions shock the
public, but in I IH l falls of roof and of
cor-1 in the coal inine^ of tliis country
killed over three times as many, miners fls wore lulled by explosions, ami
as many as were- killed -by all other ae-
t-idents underground. Very few recover from th*" injuries thoy receive in
an explosion: usually it is a matter of
no injury or denth. On tho other hand,
i-ai-ii year thousands of noal miners are
taught by falls of roof and coal, and
hundreds are killed or are crippled for
!iiV. The table following gives the
number killed from this cause during
tlie past five veins. The figures for
I HOT, lflOK and inns were published by
ilie I'nitoil States Geological Survex.
■ mn:--Killed by falls of roof and coa!,
1,1'i'i; ratio per 1000 employed, 1.71
Killed by other causes, "..JUT; v."'. o ,u-r
!000 employed, 1 8"*.
* :„-)<,. -Killed   by   falls   of   root   uuti
coal, 1,080;  ratio per 1000 employed;-ceal.
1.G1.      Killed  by ot!n r euuses. '-M-U*:'"'ilruw
falls of roof, "slate," and coal hu*ppe:i-  should be done before any otliei work
ed at the face of rooms or chambers,   is started.
and -JO per cent., or one-fifth, happened      At intervals in the day, or whenever
iu pillar workings.    However, it would ! you change your working point in the j
should use chains and levers, so that
yon will be in\ safe plac« when the
prop is drawn out-Ay the chain.
, Effect of Explosives
Ureal, damage is, done to a roof by
fthe use, of too much explosive for a
shot and by not placing shots properly.
If the )io]e ia drilled -too close to the
roof, the blast tends to shelter it. Oo j
not place tho shot too near the roof.
If the coal is not undercut or properly
sheared, a great deal of Mie force of
the explosive ls spent in shattering the
roof. Also, props may be blown
drew n.
Vou should, watcn closely io see that
the miners and the foremen to become
careless. You should bear in mind
that you must always be prepared for
the unusual condition. The loss.of
oue life or the -crippling bf one man
would pay for a vast amount of timbering, not only from a humanitarian
standpoint, but in dollars and cents.
Inspectior. ot Working Face
'Constant inspection of the working
faces is of tho utmost importance. The
mining laws of some States specify
that the foreman or inspectors shall
inspect the face at least once in two
ila>s. This is not. often enough. It
is far better, if the work can be so ar-
Local Union Directory, Dist, 18,UJ.W. A
iro^^i'iuHAjnwcK, jHQflOiioxHjiLU1! & juuQonurwjnri
uot be proper to reason from the smal- j room,   entry,   or   heading,   the   roof i yoll „so just enough espl0B,Ve to bring i ranged,  that an  inspection  be  made
lei   num-ber killed  that   there is  less j should lm examined and tested.   If you j (l0wn  the  coal,      This  will  not. only j every dny by the foreman or assistant'
running a machine, you should see j lessen the cost or tho explosive and in-! foreman in addition to the preliminary ',
the roof is carefully testeu before each | c.rease the proportion of lump coal, but Unspeci ion by the fire boss; and iti
cut is made and is tested again after';. w.-ii lessen the risk of accident from . would be -still better if inspections !
'lu' *'"'■ ! an explosion or fall of shattered roof! were niade several times a day—if not;
Do not take the risk of cutting or • Which ,mi8ht kill or cripple you. j by tho foreman or pit .boss or his as-,
loadincj a car before putting up a prop; ,    \yi,Pn  you  go  back  after firing  a ' sis'tant, by special inspectors or face'
a moment's delay may cost your life.      siu,ti it js particularly ne.eessnvy 'hat ; bosses, !
If you have difficulty in getting iim-, yoll thoroughly tost the roof lu tiie wav , Where, there are large nuni'bers uf i
ber promptly, you have a Just causo for ■, ^.yioiisly described. You should not miners wlio do not speu* Knglish. vou ,
• ■uniHsiuInt to the mine foreman. No ; „„ bai.k „ndar Hny condition while the ' should either 'learn their language suf- -
maponsl.de operator   will   support   a : smo]{(, is thlrk, both 011 ,.ccouul „f the  ficiently to explain -how and where tho -
danger in pulling ur drawing pillars, as | art-
thai plainly is most dangerous .worl;.
Tlie chief reason for the smaller nuiii-
'ii-r of killed in pillar drawing is the
small num.'ier omplojTd, hei'.une a
great mnny mines do not draw pillars;
moreover, drawing pillars is work liiat
i.-, given, or should be given, io the
most expert miner--, and they uie less
likely to be caught by falls i!' they use
their judgment.
In comparing reports of accidents,
i- is vi-ry difficult to tell from the figures gathered in different States or
i'Vi ii in (ili'feren* parts of the same
Stati; whether an accident lias been
c.ui-'eil by a fall of roof or by a fall of
'Slate" In some distric'.s means
lute." us In thn I'itisburg dis-
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
M let first ,md third Fridajs,
Mir.ers' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Qoal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill. .Sec., Fernie, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan'-*-, Hal).
Sick' Kenet'll Society attached.—
It. Beard, secretary..
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet evei^- alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Colrtman.—,), Johnstone. Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second nnd fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
iu Sfbvak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. ti. Harries.
Sec, Passburg, AHa,
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet   every  Sunday.    Stclr and
Accident llenefit Society attached.—Michael   W-arren,  Sec,  Cun-
ni'i'i'. Alia.
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every1 second and fourth
Sunday of cuch month at in a.m.
In School House, Burmis..No Siek
Society.—Thos, G. Hon-ies See..
Pasxliurg, Alta. '
tl
i
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
.Meet every first and third Sunday of each month ai 10 a.m. in
Union Unli. Maple l,eof. No Siol-;
Socletv,—*J'I|.-.k, <!. Hurries. S'-c
PimKhiivg. Altn.
foreman or sirpferiiitendcnt
I using to give you timber
and    to    give    it    promptly.
ill     re-   ; iijioi.oiM g:i"-i'-' :ilid  !>>
enough ; n,t|  t lion  properly oli.-.r
I;
■ilS
■ vim. frill
the coin;:.
;ii"i|is hue
ration per l.onn emplo.uul, :!.til
llMl'.i--Killed li> falls of roof and coal,
!,*:>);   r:iiio  per   i.Ouil employed,  1 .Tit.
Killed by utlier causes. tl.iitiX: ratio per
inou employed, 1.1W.
• ihid—-Killed b\ full1-, ol' roof and coal,
1,::10; ratio    per 1,000 employed, LSI.
Killed by oilier causes. U.RIO; ratio por
I'"Ml employed, .!.!>2.
mil—Killed by fails of roof mid coal,
i,::-ii;  ratio  per  l.ooo employed,   181.
Kilied by othor causes, 2,71!»: ratio per
1000 employed. Ji.To.
Ii is easy to see why ihe public be-
II f ms that explosions are tlie greatest
ranger :n coal miuiiig:  large mini tiers
iiv-i, Iun in oilier districts ii may he
i- rsi.lcred "roof." Where the coal
bed is thick and a layer of coal is iefi
UD !!■■ roof, a fall of the roof coal
should lie considered as a "fall of
roof."
Prevention of accidents from Falls of
Roof or "Slate."
It is ilie belief of the writer, and of
many minim; engineers
of ronl. coal; and "slate
•-ar.i.      The principal  causes of accl-
di nn from falls are the following:
(' i  l-'s'ilnro io use sufficient props or
timbers.
(LM Coing back to the face without
not io the operator's interesi to i'o so.
i"id, iiKireoier, in- would not be obeying the law of the Suite. Kven in
those States where the wording of the
law is not explicit in this respect, :io
court will snppori his refusal. iTiiat,
hiiwcu'i'.   t'oes   not   help   you   ut   the
tline: the blame for working when limber is not provided iosth on you.
Timbering a Working Place
Kreiiueutly a miner says to himseif,
'\. will load another car belurv linibe:-
ii".'.."    Aciiin, li<> will say. "The lop is
good; 1 have been a miner tor 20 yenrs
tlint most falls and know when to set a post," and then
are not necei.-   ho tails to follow tbo Instructions of
he foreman, sometimes with* disastr-
■ t'ie-i of the roof or ivliei!i---r
. been thrown down.
Falls of Coa!
l-'*;;tiies   u-ithereil    in    fhlu   by   Uie
Stale minim:; departments of three of
Hie Stales that  lia vo large outputs of
coal   are  as  follows    In  the  Pennsyl-
i iti nia atitlii-iii'iie field, so men were
■.il'eii \\ falls of.coal out of :i total of
;:.'.:: liiliei' .h> falls or -nintlmls. in the
t,c,uu>,ylvaiiln bitiimiiious fields 51
weie killed h.\ falls of coal, ns compar-
props are to be set, or should have an
interpreter explain to tne men what is
required in timbering, as iwcll as in
other itnat-ters pnrtiiining to safety. In
Kiii'li cases ii is doubly important to
see Hint his orders have been obeyed.
There is an excellent system, which
has 'been used to some extent in (Ills
country, by wliich the supervision of
tlio woi kings is divided, a foreman or
"face boss" being- placed in char-Be ot
'n district, for which he is responsible.
Improvement In Methods of Timbering.
It nhould be jour cons-t-uu thought
v    HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet si-eond mid fourth Sunday
in mouth.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Mack Stigler.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Mcul i-vi-vy Wednc-silyy i-ienii'-
Mt 7..'t0 in MineiV Hall. 12th Avenue North.—I.. Moore, Ser.-Treas.
of lives are snuffed out in a few mo-i1 tcs'iug the roof atrer sl'ot firing,
ments: there are pathetic scenes: rev!    i"! ftidermiiiing the inner edge of a
cue parties are in danger from after-,; block that seems to he safe, but aclu-
i!''Kip er a second explosion. * ,iUy W loose.
* much larger
, ihan ihe iinniher killed. l'"or oxamiile,
;in Wesl  Virginia  11!' were Injiiri'd by
O-i
the other
coa: si-lt'oni ki!
cue or tivo men
hand, falls o!  runi' or'
1 or injure mo""  ri:: n
ai a time, ami such ac-
tideiits, occurring :it widely scattered
mines, are not reported except by the
local newspapers and by the State inspectors. Xovertliole-is the totals are
appalling. IJaeli working day an average of five men lose their lives and a
dozen men are injuied from falls of
roots or coal in the worlt of supplying
. the initioii with fuel,
(li The sudden loosening of a concealed "not," "UetHe bottom," "bell,"
or a fossil stump.
The first two causes, wliich result in
tlie lamest number ef accii'ents, are
gei.-oriilly avoidable: the second two
may generally lie avoided by setting
the props or timbers close enough to
getli'1!', but some accidents from these
two causes may 'lie considered unavoid-
inble.
Word to the Miner
Xriw, how can you, the miner, escape
harm from a fall of roof in your work-
ini; ])iaco?     Tlie an'-wcr i?:   Up care-
ous results to himself.
It is Innpossible in ;i brief circular of I Wero killed by falls of coal om of a
tliis hind to describe the methods of, ,,„„] „r s;tii from all kinds ot falls, or
tiiu-bering that, should >be followed und- j •;. |MM. ,.vn* f)r ti„, -t0*tn]. The numb"'.'
er each of the various conditions of j i,,jm-(J-| |,y talis or coal
coal mining In this country. l.!oneral!j
cert'ili*  tuitluiiV uf tiinlierlng  (not al
ways Ihe best methods) are used iu ! (alls, of coal, ou; of-a total of Mil inj.ir-
each district. In some cases the State j, ,i \,y ,*n ui11cl» of falls.
Inspectors have made certain rules ror! Klines coin piled by lhe P.ure r.i of
l':'-iii:g timbers in .ulvnncing rooms: \ii,„.s indiciite that In tlie cal-udar
and drawing pllhirs. Where such nil-| y,,:ir i;m t|ie number of men k 11 lei by
( » have been min'e. or there are mine | f„|ls of coal --fo'lier than roof co.il) ill
rules, they should be carefully .folio,v-; liu, ^Wr*, c-ounlry was HS out of a
ed. llu: ihose rules are not always
sufficient; they cover the average
c.'.so,  but 'no'   au   extreme or  special
■condition- -that is. it may be the rule
ef the distiict or ni'iie to,set two or
\ three lines of props in a  room, the
props to he not over ."i or t! feet fi'part.
ed wiih a total ef :;oti hilled by falls of to improve the methods of timbering,
sill kinds. " in West Virginia ",'i were so as to prevent accidents.   Sometimes;
hilled liy falls or coal out of a total of the method of mining is Improper and:
•i\S, killed  In   falls of all kinds.      In affects the method of Um'bering.   mils.'
Illinois iti were killed by falls of coal is particularly true in machine ruining'
out of a total of (i'i killed by falls of all and in dralwing pillars.     Where breast -
kind:;.     In these three States 1X."> men miu'liines-nre used, a large amount of i
total of l.:!21 killi.'d by Tails of all kind*,
or about 11 per cent. In the bituminous mines of the country the propor-
t tion of deaths irom falls ct -oal to
! deaths from falls of all kinds wis 121
! to l,o:!!t, or about I I.S per cent: in the
! anthracite mines the proportion  was
L'B to :;S2, or about' Irt per cent.
"lllf: responsibility for preventing ae-
space ls required between the face and
tlie nearest tini-bei's.     In many cases t
temijiorary props should be set up and
reset   as the undercutting    proceeds. |
There is piirt'.eirbr diingei' in machine ;
liiiniug when the .work is so subdivided that no one 111.111 is responsible for .
the I'oir.l'tion of the tiniliering, either j
teni'porury or pornianent. in any om; |
room or entry.
Veil should iivraiige this work' so taat [
tho timbering will be carefully looked ■
after, jiiiiI some one will be responsible [
for each room 'and entry head, and '
you should not permit loaders to enter
a working face unless there has been a .
preliminary inspection made of the
roof. Many foremen have done excel- j
lent work by .managing the timbering !
so as to keep dawn the number of ac- j
eidonts frn.ni fulls In their mines, bul;
in  the  greater number of mines, as j
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
M'.-t't every nlteriuxte Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   Uu-   Opera   House.
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell.  Kt'c.   Box
11.". Colemuii.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meci every Tuosday cveninir at
.  u'cltx-k iu  ti.(. iiunkheiid Hall.
.Slok  and  Accident  Ueneflt  Kiind
ttilaciicd.—l'i unli   Wliontley,   Fin.
•iit'v.,  lliinlcliend.  Aim.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
, Mod every Sunday hi 2,.'.,~i p.m.
in the Socialist - Hull.—-Jul,us
Burke, Sec., Hox U neltevue.
Alta.
V
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sundny at Z
o'clock   iu   the  Club  Hull,    .Sick
Benefit  Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec,  Corhln, B.C.
^    COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m. NTo sick benefit.
Secretary, F\ Barringhani; President, Duncan McNab.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet evory Sunday m'lt-nio'iu
2.30, hi nuardliier House. Sick
and Accident t'und attached.--
Max 11 a 11 cr. See.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL    *"
No. 481
Moot every I'lisl und third Surdity at Lyric lf.ill, 3 p.m—.John
Ijoiigiirini, See.
,FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit    Socloty    attached.—B
Morgan. Secretary.
SilffiHKEBgffigSi
SHBBBHBMfi*
fan these accidents from falls be pi"j
vented?     1'iobably* not wholly, on ac- 'harm from a fall of roof in your work-; wlipreas  in  some  rooms four or five
count of the natural dangers of mining  ine place?     The an*--wpr is:  lie rare- ] lines of props may be uoccssury. \
_but_ in larfee_Ba£UJi^L^UlJlc^^'^!lllU^ j—it-^s^mr'Ortaiit-H«-^et^lte^r-ep^.H4-ctnMTFrTrf)
it only one-half of these deaths and in-      T«o parties are iiiterestecl-tlie op-; ,egular intervals and 1„ some plneos; wholly In tl.e hands of Hie miner. Most  gathored'-bv the Siati. inspectors, iusuf-
juries were  prevented,  then, on   the  crator and yourself.   In this case at; to set extra -props as they may be need- j „r ,],».„„ „cci,'ents occur through fail-  ficlent precautions are taken.
basis of the flguies for I til 1. tir.o live-, least, the interests of the operator and
would have been mi veil and perhiip.i. your own are alike—fulls should lie
l.iiofi serious injuries wou'd havo been] prevented. If an accldtuit happens
avoided during the jone  year.   Hveii; tlie operator suffers a money'loss,-but tjself while loading a car,   Tiiiubcr tlio j working among rho luinie* -of eiil mav
ed.      If the roof seems to be in had j llr(> to block or
condition, do not. hesitate to sot a tem-' undercutting It,
sprag the conl wV.V
or. iu a thick scam,
In steeply dipping coal beds there
are added dangers from falls of roof
tin:: o'iV record would have be?:i worse' vou may be made a cripple for life, a
than thrt of many other mining countries.
Falls of Roofs in Roadways, Headings
or Passageways
Accidents form fulls of roof are less
frequent on roadways, headings, or
pasHagowajK than at the working face,'. Itemeniber, it is the unexpected that
becnuse the roof Is constantly Inspect- oftoii happens. On the other hand,
ed by foremen nut! other .bosses, If | the operator, or the foreman or boss
loose pieccB are noticed they are taken ] who represents lilm, must do his part~-
down or are supported by timbers, that la, furnish the tlnVber.
Only when derailed ears knock out tini- The Inws of nearly all the coal min-
bcrs so thnt. the roof cornea down can ! ing States require the o^sratcr to fur-
biiiden on your family or the community: or you may be killed and leave a
dependent family. Hence, it Is necessary thnt you, as the one most vitally
i-ciicernod, must take the most extreme
cure to prevent these accidents.
horary post at the face to protect your- j while  slabbing .it^crffri^^h^   :n!jisr. cr mnl...   A Jnr«o full at the face-may«
knock out ninny props. Where accl-'.
have his foot caught when n m us of dents from this or similar causes have.
coil rolls over.     There in particular occurred frequently, you should try to]
place, if necessary, even  though  the
post is in yonr way.     Hon't wait until
the car is loaded, for the roof limy fall
nn you,     Ki ep pre por tools on hand
ivlrh whk h to do llni-berlug.
When you are undercutting the conl.
I p|i.ii»elnl!y In n room, do not mine an in-
'definite width without hctiing n block j or by machine,
or sprng; tlie siine cure applies in toji
mining; If the roof is Insecure over the
mining, put blocks or posts under Hie
roof as you proceed with your cutting,
Do not neglect to timber your pUce | weight from the roof that tends    to
properly, even if yon nre in u hurry or I make the coal break at the back of ihe
Imperial Bank of Canada'
H6.AO OFFICC. TORONTO
—Oapital-^ai*d-UprT$7A)00A)00       Reserve" FunaTTnT^VOO-JT
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIAS ROGERS, Esq., Vlce-Pres.
BRANCHES IN BRITISH COLUME1A .
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal,.Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
....    ,„.    ..    -      SAVINGS DtfPARTlviENf "'      *-" "■"      'r
I Merest allowed on deposits at c-rrent rate from date of deposit.
PERNIE BRANCH A. M, OWEN Manager
danger fiom' rolling conl In iil'.cliii'g
senms. where the face mny sometimes 'lirenk and "run,"
15very miner knows that before starting to undercut the face, either hy pick
he should cirefully
spnig the conl, This takes Hi'y ji few
minutes, nnd is a most neeowary pie-
caiitinn.     It nlso heM'* to keep the
see whether the method of mining Is]'
the safest that mil be adopted; that Is, {
ir open rocniB nre run straight up the i
■ ich. o, e whether Inclined rooms may ,
not he used,   or   whether   the   Rob
igoavei  may not he filled by waste
rocks, or by washing In refuse or sano, |
tis Is done In some Herman mines u ■
advaix Inu' work, and in mines of the {
conl from spelling off If there l-t nny anthracite flehls of Pennsylvania in!
recoveriiiR pillars,
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
I
THE SECRET OF HAPPINE88
By John M. Work
Injuries from roof fals be considered j nish the necessary props or timber at! feel that the top Is nil right brnwiifo j cutting, As you continue the liivW-
nt all excusable, nu! not always then. j or near the  working iplace.     Some-, It usually Is good, nor neglect to do so ' cutting you Hhould put in block i or
The burden of preventing falls in en- j times, through delays In the haulage, ] because timber would nllow yon the | mtire hpihrs. When you nro ready to
ir*<s timl passageways rests largely, or more rarely through the cnrolons- * same freedom to work. This neglect, bring down the conl, knock out the
•"am the foi omen nnd t'e company In-' ness of a roreinnn er boss driver, the! If continued, will result In some one j siiugs In onlcr, starting at the innr
sjieetnrs.     Rut whenever u w-ttei' or! timber Is not received at V.te time you i being hurt or killed. \ end, so Hint yoii nifty not be eausht be-
iiniifiiie •ki.-hIii-u ulorg the roadway ills- J need ll,    If tin- Hmbor does not 'arrive I Falls of "Slate," I tween tbe conl und tne got) in ***•■> \b*
mwri a l:i:ise or longeron* place it. yen cliould not take* a great risk In so- * One or the filings thnt causes :, l;tr;te! .-o;i| rolls over in a block, rt'iei-ttil
should be his duty to mark tho place I Ins without It and work tntder nn tin-1 number of accidents Is the "dra»-' i care Meeds to be t;iken in loi';<uy.I|
md report It to the nearest foreman.' wife roof.     Important as your tylly j siste" lu Hie mwr part of the coal bed j work, as in the northern Illinois dis-
If possKile. he should not puss under enrnlng Is to you, the delay of one or or Just above the coal. In the Pitts- J tr.Vt or Cauyon City (Colt field, where suit in ■.* return to the »«m|»1<* life, Ht«
the place, hut should go around an-j two hours, or even a whole shift, is as burg itistriet HiIk- Is cslled merely j.tlie longwall system Is em^dyod. iihil simple Joys, the «lmi»le pkiasures. It
otlter wny to rwich the murt In charge, j nothing eoni-pured with being killed, or "slate": !t Is n "stute" treally n elny ! there U llttlrt room between the tw* \* m.v htpe that Hoclnllsm will evolve
Kit-cure* showing the number of nc-j becoming it cripple for life, by having | ulialei  that  In many places Is hard! ami the gobbed mnterinl.   tn « thl U penple who can elicit more satisfaction
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Mat.i.hiess l* not seiurt-d by multiplicity of possessions.     If I thought'
♦he HoMnllsm  wniild  perpetuate  thn
mad .scramble for mere thing*, my sus-',
mined enthusiasm would wane.
It Is my I'ojip thnt Soclallmi will :v
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
■ 7K
or other valuables In one o! these l?oxes
bttb
i lilents from fnlU of roof In entries, i
ifcii|-,v i>h. or pivviigewnys ni ccmpir-;
id vi'iMi wlntUnr nieideiits tit tlie work-1
lie; ii'hccs imve noi been gathered for'
the whole i-ountry. but the department
i>i' tii'iien nf PuMMKyMvinhi h:i« ennvpile't '
> in h figures ftir Its own Suite and bns I
btoiiKht    out    some    viiluiihle    facts,'
P. B.
fORPVRTHtttWOK.IMTIONAm.YT*
Fowler, Manager Pernie Branch
:» pleru of roof full en >iui. Hi me.uSK'r, when first exiKised tu the nlr, but
yi it- futility or those ilepeud.'u'. on yan i itipldly softens and fulls. Props will
jim! unit lor props. . >not keep It hii; tlrat is, It will "e»r
Oieiisloiutlly » miner thoughtlessly iirouiul Hie betid of the prop or es»i;
jusles « ear ilose to the f»co nnd jlten plere. Therefore, the be*: tlilrg to '
•xifo ben-''. ■■!'. the <"i,,', uv, i \\\, t *,iV ,uv! da b io t.ihi: it du.vu iuiuteduieiy nu*i,
pioiecih to mine off the eon I tteed by   slow  It  itt the unli.      When similar
seitm pttrtieiiiii'' rhxro mum b-* -xabo-i m from !i»|tiii-t walk through the wood*! I gii-i'i.e..^..7„„jsum't i■. ...„•„ " j
(.Vnbliig off ennl.'thni  l* iil-rH ■ e !»»»♦> than from *m*hln(t nbout In a showy !| am headed front wan!*,   not
i our head.
Stf(U«s»»ons for foremen nut Assistant
Porsmtn
Vour posHiiins euro -HtenJK reupmist-
bility in enrltig for the mine end in
back' bauble that we have not, we eannot
whig wagon.    It Is lus 4iop« that An* wards,    I hope the tipwinl spiral will' rest until we Imve one Uke It     And It
«211® »™.?1*L f f!. ^ IH ft,,n ™ fm"* ?J*..?**.l^ S *»» *<* »»««* *WOt u. happy. Mm
the shot      If the eon! breaks snd falls   'Mww   ni-iu"   U   tm„il   |»   m«pes   In  nttnu for ihv lives ot the ilieu under
lind more pleasure In a mental or me- f „m „„,,, h„w H w,„  h)|f , Mhw
ehsntrat problem than in fine clothes (( W|||,
»r jewelry.
The oui) lotuiuln there It lor pro-
Is
"emisyhiHHa 'frroditoos nenrly one^half fstirtdenly, the miner may   be , pinned, other district* no time should W lost, your dln-etlon: the prinenilon of fall, dneliig  genuine  huppines.  ws, dis
tr ell the <oil.mines In this country, hkiiIusI the ear and kilted or crippled.
►<• tb ii Hi,' I'eensvhanin Mtlo between ( when If lu* hnd left the tnr standltiR ;
nceldents from fulls of roof In road- some distnnce b»ek he mlsht have os-
*n\* it,)il wlniiliir iicelilents In working iit'iied Injury,
l-lueeH muy be N<nnrded ns about the
■Min* n* the rntio tor the I'nited *8t»»«»l
The I'etmsyhnnln fltnires Indicate that
in ihe nml mines nf this country pro-
1. ibl> <ki!> nbout one-tenth of the accl-
Testle« the Roof
In pullIiiR It down.
In eiuil mines Iti France, which «en«
erally hnve n weak shile roof, the ml-
rn. r»i|iHre Hint the pr*c>;>s sliill be |dac-
ed hoi over I meter ISH, feeli apart
nf ronf Is one of your most Important •oveied |»n« ng»; he who mre* his
duti.14.     Tiie resimnsiblllty of l**li»i« life shall low tl. and be who loses his
care »»f the roof In ilrt" eiitrle*. hetd- Hf* ahall save It.
ini*, nr paawttcways Is yeuw,     Vn- The only wny to heeome genuinely
safe roof In these place, should b« hspp) is by making other* Hsppy,
To »on»e r.wptc the s'.mp'e ttf»
dull damnation,
' To others more hlfhly developed, tht
«uf*i of t-tii'taltsni Is dull damnation.
things never made anytfne happy.
I am not worrying the working class
Is bolng exploited ont ot Its (siHomoblie
and sucb.
I am doepty roncerue..■•ttemone tho
luu ptiirc In the inurniiut you should
proceed sliiwly, w»teblng ibe roof cure-
fully  with tbt- Unlit from your lamp
iienu rrom HM»f fulls happen In entries thrown upon It, If nny place semr*
ur itsii'.iwny-s, Tht» «n<! wlier vn!n-; *1< ttWfu* yen *lmuld tent it with « plcii
it .e- dn rn »n» ».io*ii iu tr* loilowin* ora heaiy stlek, touching the roof or i Accidents In Fre«c:i mlces.     In »p!t»
e» Mil In Ui» ,-«i,| f«ee and strap* or safe mhntild he courtderel more Impor*
bars | ttr !n, «np|»orte»J.by the props be- mnt Hum tteUUi** wu mat.
hltirt. hefnre ihe n,!n«r l» j^rmtu^t i<i
uiiflerciit the fjiee.     The goot! results
ef HiN !n«v l« ?hr*wti III the recur ds of
i iiiie, iir»<|i«i««il Irom the rejmrt of ilie dodbtful phtres with yonr fn»«i hand
»»iate flopartmoitt'of mines st Hsrrls   If any vibration Is fell, the piece it un
fit the i»,-wir r*»of, the num'-tet ot 4i«l-
hftris, fn.:
I'., il  .   iS.'..-nU   trcm  telln at ami,
■ill, 11- ,i*ul riiof III I'eiin*) Iviii'l i In* HMit,
»iT«nged by locality In mine Whom ac
i *'*■-.  * * i«,•«•■■'.
.I,•,,„..., , ,t     mi,,i;«     ('»>»>'* ii    «,    idvr..
IU, iter ttiii., UM: I4il«d in pliUr
i**m*l-iirt*   "1'  "*r *■*•*"     i?f'    M'V *
in rooms, rrosscin* and-elwrntM-rn: W,
jur eefit.. ».Wi; 1:111* « 'm entrli'K ..nuan-
9-*ta ***u* tu**im*m... ***, ,tmt tsmmX,, ***.*.,
total number killed: JM
ll|tanmlnonK mln«s   Killed st
l«7; per -riMit*.. il.ll:  MH*tl le
workings: K-. per r«-nt. J».»0; killed 'ti
rooms, orww-cuts and rhsmtwm:  4;
t*t*r r**ni, tm- trtfVif fn *ntri**  mm*
Wfxtn, ooi Hop**: SI: p»r eem, IUJH;
toUt §1, Hoot set Caa! in Rooms, nob
Worttn-9 Placst
When you enter your room or work- oach way and thrt there must be hitch* proimtly ntti-ndort to. and WaMng It     it may be ilon* aliher concrttely or
i ii|lwtlr#Iy, flrcor.'lng to temperiiwot.
lt»i li t* ih* only way.
In   keeping   roomi   smC   wortlng     tt m^ be ,\utie b> strltlng f«r bi»lt#r
places «gr„ y0ti shsre ri»s|»otislWin>  rondithms, or by porformfng useful
uith lh.- miner. . vcenl ihnt It !« ymir  woab      ttm I* '# lb*, mk *aj.
duty fo nee- thai timber mtwllcs and      As lemg at m*U «iwn wtltnt* h m*
iooi» are pnmii.lt> UtrnKit'il at ib« ie. permost In his *mln<t. gennta* han*-
dents from roof fall* In proportion io .,uc«t ef the mln«»r. or as your own nea, in im|io«s'ble
the number of uudorground empluseen |tm|wt|(,n kn* shown i« be nmtrmtmy      | nrtpenl to people's «efn*:i Iit'orest
'« I vf :>m In any other country,    ' *)*t«"««tc ntorA* nbimU be bmit ot ■** mntb is anv other ntffitnr     Hut
CaUt af R«pf *r <%1mtnn In Orawlng t .«• myn*i** tamtstml each miner, and It only Is a mntm of arrfrlng.
Urn wins, or nnlllna. tilllnra mintres *^,***tf**i iet»«--Him< tr tt,** ******** (• mm  -.^-p***.,, .-,».fl \ ':■*•■"■'•% »"■'"'■' * ,,"' ""**"' "^,
enwmm* m»4 «Mlit. II yon hat* Oath. »v*'np **t tent ihe n-rente suwily of tliods of ieeurlng »•   '
you may do this work.   Otherwfe ,oo mf&, tnrnUbntl oth«r minora.   n»*l-     Tbo ftct remain,  ,1,,,   stifi,*,^
2"'"  ml *'» m» imf  •■•»*»»•• tro with a hn* body ol men. yon will and  tmm»om mm 4on*ty mmmm.
without   an   eSperi#nctd paitaer, or gi«ar(, mtl n wrtaln nnmbw of mtn. The* nnnot eti*t xtmetbm.     When
imdilx,     \t, matter How tmwh **att**,t- t*r* rimi*-** rt t*i«.'r ., ,-n ?-,*,..*   Tti-.,^   ,.,,*,». ..v . *    . ,i .
n-ife in d mu-it lie tn!,<u down iir tini-
biieil i»( «ini« The sauiid" of Hie
iiuif imi)' u.l.iMt H- i't"-i.\nlti'' U 'I)"' loi'i*-
eiied niece Is larse. If the rnf I* 10.1
i .sli lu le.ien *nti Hie li«lul, a «:ick
*imi\t,ui u« m**. tufAxmx im -luuiot'.a
it:,-,-*' unit if the pier* I* iooso y*i»i will
.Volhing woutd mako tl om so sick and wcrklut chta Is being ospJoltod out of
ti-nd and ao soon rtady for aulelde as Ha lolsnre. out of, Itt phys.cal. wsntil.
tn be eompotled to finer ihe, rusk and ] moral and splrHnil health, out of its
swirl. Tboy Insist upon lit Ing tha opportunity to owap* 'rom the dull-
simple ll^e. If tbo world tlmn not llko n**e of Ignownr*., ngi of its opponnn-
If, so mnrfi wor ne for tha world, tt Ity to his »elf respertiitg and nc.We and
*n tlw tosrr, wot ibiey Tbey sre aot n**n*romt and «<wihy lo be,
mo'Jtton. howotor. Tliey stay elea» to; HwUIIsm wltt vtotbro all lb* lhl»f«
iMf follow mon and help win them 10 fh-.« 5».-,»>),. <i*t-*4. t* *i»t ftn, t\\ tj*.t;
Moptailsm. Hail ihey declliN- to#«l»g« ' peeml* »i» *t*y *>ii\*«r*mlij tk tet ill
la th* tmb *u*d rrram*%k for woatth. . ** iHom> ihiea* mmt petbi* omA, ■ H will'
tb* human mm has th«» tbtAem ttt tJt* •'•,,,# I**1!** »* tttt opporlonMr
nettle* bidr in nature nr b-i*a«i!ni ,# *+* *w ftww' *wwi«» tMnrt which
f^tiwet,     Htm Hocinllsm eonfd nor
I hsve **<"■* " ""I*** •« «*ls«<d ••»♦ opportunity
•i, Vfj,   fb'llt   *.:■->.*   tu   Htlilti   lit:.-'
form the condition pwewtonr to tbe
h ghei- ihlrgii.     Itot ll will att»> pro-
,  ,)„.     :.,*        i . *;:: ,  :        i '.* ,.*      .
*   .«-■* ■*■ rri,       ,W«*
1 emtirat'ti me**? *,n* lli* ^iie*''1i H,- *i**- *i,
«,,,*»   (»,„■    H''*B-.!*1»*;v;':
y:tl%fo   X%1
Tbl' Is* the approved and adopted m« •
thud ot certain lirui- mlniuu eoai,u'ii..,
' " ■"     ' • ...r ■   .       '••.'.. .m;,., ,H"f k.**^^n*Ji***%.
»««»■«*»■»-iwiiwtf i r*Mn *e*ptirlence i».»t onco you Oari» Had. norw neftm to tet  men should t* cIm**!},  wttriW,'*aR«l" *i»«lo* l»d***««f,   A sdaetd -rotnttaamn
■ |iie*old methiMi «f ♦•■t.;)nnd»n*, i:».» r«nf a line -of "breaker prop** m plsw-j tet m'rw *bo penlsit Sa mm wallftg Is n»t#r men m * t*Wn* person. Tou
fare:* li itiucllable.                                         - J'mi If the -ref weight remea on *•!«!   rhe nrcrasary amount «t limbar should might a* w*II tsm% lor btffkt dart-
pillar     TalM a pk* or bur with you for • •*(■ dimly the line of pro»» will htwS, tbe' lt*> *'ven attwr 1*>** ttmtemm wmb to nom.    T*e»   *n>   tstwaipittMo,    A
im nnd pulling down loosa placs ,.f rail there and prevent ita hrwiklnx An.-or tbtmlA be placod ns tbo partner pltcSd «u«cl,itf.nc«- Is mmm only oa a
r,io» at you go toward tbo workiim **tt s,t ih«« edsi- of the jrtJlar *»d*biry-
mny wberetn ten bnn* fw^rotea taj^n'nttf*'m* ******* t* *h«« mn mm?.
mtore. Far from it. I want to btn* ttrttmo who sfctsa off tkotr mosmo-
w to alt ibai. * flat it a*a*nm» war ***■*■wW tmobo mmm omm as IHom
w* ntm ftlltlMt ountelraa off, a'ngly and "«• *wwoft*t l»r «*»d«m who tan Ms
,„  „9rt-*,—    >■-*■■■    *.   *tl,       ,   l     .* * I        *»-•■%   titi**anth*   .nt**   •*,„  .„,,*.,   I     .
Ida mttmttm ef tntmbim obnottmbm NMatally is<|.v»r*»*4
fjr m-Alotm.    tbem mom tw ttomSMl     r-tnlia^m b*« mt#V «« nn *.*wv-
off If tbo nme woald lite.    Tboy ara gallon of aamms wtwekSw   H vaeaat
onrmirawsd and cwforfwd Ity capital-'; be fn *o* -nr'm. w* ttmm tmrn^my mA
HteatOrtnd iiunnfiy are duo to .»" *•.*•»-..t»tJ *-w*«tll it** tmt.mlmiy
^
**. *,-.      x*i tb* untfmVreit met mi *tw
i-pnw through which you work during
tht* .lit •'ho't'.f %,-. 1*ar>. firJ!;  t<.'„u:J »jt
Iji. jrn «k* »«>lti»w* elnr.   It n *oow
t-r-t' i-et'enln* ptfee l» ffsut-.d l! *H'*« I
t '*"i,i»f»i'*»» cu** of iKj.irv from fall*
U Uw aitUtUi>l Ut lv*.*****., ******** * '*,,   tu
»,:»■«» n*S!» *r ttitt*.   ■ t'glots tbttt tt
t  ^«*«f,«-   |,-*a|.    *;8,'i:-«    '-ff   |J|»*   t^'tltf*!4.   *V.*
*">w»»if wot **■■<* fltfempanr Tha raco*-
•tfrtf |»r»»»* fcr-fn i%* trtx-f it n goot
t'-bm*tymot * mow rtmtittio4 and -^rwm mim 'tmm. moH'ootTwoibo «'^ll»-   A»* ttomm not InaxUltr •»! ten l%*t went* wnmtnnrmrr llrm.
. ir-nm miner. lor tbi! gmA id tnk+i* (or tin. good ot * *«d the **-*"* U a b«St ia »«t «aH«d. •»•.    WWn icapiuiJIss* ta obnttnbmA ami
It I. *»m~H,*+* t*it*i*tbi ttmmte'tb* bts rtaa*. m U>* nr*. nr •**♦ nM    ttr ' v******** *W *f*» «• * «**» *n '* tmm"-' tb* tmrntn bate tHt*nn*A am***-  mam*  i
-iti* *• «trpn« tb'*t nu«# *«* M«' llMlsN' losing M« W* bf mm** n.                     ,***,-? '* "^u *mtS *' -"'""                      jtHimn *'♦»« tt nm ntoret nm -mill rwplw-d,    Ro<h mttmt or plat«a at*' Among enmornt*  ami ' soHotaatral    Cmottmlttm bm rnbtmt tto ooM ot ttttto Wn n gaudy toy baffaa« •!»•
ffttai  X9t* wtmt  I'-tftzt-M'tttt, bot'nmm mm&imn ft It • fommtm-ttot* tbtA no*, bo bootoSy. tm vmoo ottt lm tmtm. U •*•**•*«*.
whew t» loua* Wmk nt rrx-k ia ttitA*r Hal evoiwtiMw It * tptrat.                     bm tbont)t4 On ttnm nmootmm itAo n   * Ht"# a^all b»** * 't*-'**t wuti* tf
mtoad thara la ao protoetbw    Wbom ' Whmt I aaf that I bop* mmmm mmm p>mt*»   i« lm amia me o*m4y * *<*&**■* ******    "*",» prim**.®  -i C
-•The above  ub-ie ttiow*    «bat    !•■ befulied down, or e!»e n ftrmpmr pmp-M
|>apM;yttanl*. to Iblo, »» |M>r rem, **l **• en or It, or, <* i*** nmrmmrr, ttar*.
jjfwwtt fl-TMlgll*'of tb* d*alb* trom ww-, or tati-lsT* -*Wii»fl%j- -nm4,. tbl*' ty* i t» «'» II ji»-i »«■ i'in>fsl tu im .... - .„ ,  .     „   M
■ ■ - "»'■»•'<     *•* ****** onttm jb* toot ta gnml ibmo la a t*w<i*mry tm »M1 asaaa • mmm to tto aiatplo life  net mottrnm-    tf mmmm **aw *** *" it itm ******* *f no
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thtntii
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.jfpill WC 'jtbfl^Ml"!,--v       *    4h 1raEDKMbTI^DaRR;.FIlRNIE, B. 0,,.M&»5h.13. 1915.
u
PAGE THREE
of A Fool
By Touchstone
"Impossible,"
"■Those that are Fools, let them use
their Talents."—.Twelfth Night.
At AU Koois' College we eu'livate-j
as oiir most precious possc-ssion. a
number of incredible beliefs. In the
light o'f neti-son they melt jxway into
mists as Illusive as those that veil
the beauty of the moon on a summer
night.      /
"You eould not possibly make
-building material out oftlicm," the
wiseacres teli us. And when we declare that it is out of these incredible
beliefs wo mean to build the future
social system, the wiseacres * open
their fatuous faces and emit a loud
guffa'w.
f do not blame them for it. What
else could be expected of them under
thc circumstances?
From infancy they have been fed
ou facts instead of fancies. They
havo been tnuglit to accept the Things
That Are when they ought to have
been incited to demand tho Things
That Are Not.
Brothers, there is so much- wisdom
,Ui this world nnd far too little foolishness. We are not unpractical enough.
Wc »inuser under n burden of coimmon
sense. We are laden to the breaking
point with the impediment's of sagacity.
We drudge when we should dream.
We scramble for diamonds in the
dint when all tlie jewels of the sky
are ours'for the talcing.
For one, I utterly reject whatever
Is offered me as "sound and .sensible."
(livo me lri preference to the solid
facts^of tho wise ones of the world
the unattainable faiths of the fool3.
Thore are more durable cities to be
built of clouils than of clay.
It is the privilege of every student
received in to All Fools* College to
signalize his entry by putting the hardest question he can ttyink of to the
master.
The -question is stated before the
whole of the students and teachers assembled, and, together with the as-
swor of the master fool, is Inscribed
in the great book of the college, for
tho instruction of all who may read
therein.
''For what must we strive?" "was
the question I submitted.
Amd the master replied, "The Impossible."
I remember to this day how that answer thrilled me.
 LaiarT_ji'itieaJ^5anso~to-reiilias~its
having and started chasing rainbows
and climbing to the stars and sailing
to the sunrise.
1 cannot pretend to have followed
they scoff and sneer.
"Impossible," is the answer which
the .fool-receives. And he -may count
himself l\icky if it is not euvpfcasued*',
worry about.    It is the crude attempt
of the crowd to realize .that happiness
for which the race of men was born.
' It is  a  terrible  thought  that millions have died miserable when under
witlr'sticks and stones.
Of course it is impossible.    That is ! a better social system they could have
just exactly why ive fools are after it.' lived happy.   Their misery served no
What is there else worth striving j,
for?
Nothing that the wiseacres deem- to I
valuable purpose.     Nobody's   misery
'ever does.
It is when our feet have danced that
! wo have progressed fastest. It is wh-?-i
these illusory occupations with dasszl-!.       .iU,    ., ,.   ,
r,„.  , -   .. -.  T   be .-within the range of practical poll
Hut l am sure thu I   ,_.     .    , . x ,, ,, ' nur lauehter has run*-* out -»-iv#st thnt
tics is of any use to us.      \Ve would i °     wugnw-i n.i» iuii0 oui „.ij-ebi iu< i
not walk across the street to secure   we ha'Ye ™>u»te(l highest.
urga-ni.se thn social system for iiap-
nig success,
would have -been .less profitably employed with my .nose on fhe gri.id-
stonevand all my energies demoted to
what is called hy the wiseacres "getting on."
I am sure, moreover, that it is c
by striving for the impossible that we
win to the highest.
lieethoven was chasing ;i r.iinbow
when he captured the "Appassionata,"
Corot was climbing to the.stars when
he found the "Bent Tree." Shelley
was sailing to tho sunrise when he I
linppened on "Alastor," *
tito possible.
Why, in all these thousands of years
the possible has been done, and there
I are vast multitudes., who are always
•v ! hungry- and ill-clad, and ignorant and
dirty and servile to their very  marrow.
Get  right   out  of  the   world,   peer
piness instead of for gain and we shall
j'leave the very gods 'behind u>s on a low-
1 er -plane.
, i .believe in the impossible. I be-
| lieve that bricks and mortar are not as
Igiod building'material as rainbows and
, stars-.
And I believe that the sunrise can
I to bloom ln every home for evermore.
i—.\. Y.-Call.
I  ,	
FIGHTING  FOR  LIBERTY
down on it from the peaks of imagina
lion.     Xow tell me, honestly, is the,be lacked like a flower from the sky
Kijilit you behold a pleasing one?
Is   it   nice   .to   see   children   with
j shrunken bodies and lifeless eyes toil-!
It Is in the vain pursuit of rainbows, ing like slaves?     Does the spectacle i
and stars and sunrises that the human , of women selling Iqve for a living sat- j
race at last will stumble on the better j l>-fy .vour esthetic sense?   Arc you con-j    In one of lhe i«<lustrlal centres of
time thut is to be. " . tent'that men should pile wi riches for! Canada   a   Socialist   comrade   heard
1  think a'dfiy will come when the 1 others and fight among themselves foritho l'a11 of-his '"""'n' and offered his
social  system  will  be  organized  for] a flung crust? .services as he thought to help crush
happiness instead of for gain.   That      That is nil that the pursuit of the!fierman militarism.     Full of entlius-
is one of my incredible beliefs.
Looking around at the world as it
exists it seems a very incredible belief
indeed. The social system has always been organized for gain. And
not for the gain of all, either, but for
the gain of a few.
That also would seem incredible if
jt were put forward as an abstract
statement. We are only able to accept it because experience tells us it
is true.
I can see him gazing up into the sky
at the shilling sphere of the earth, ,tall nearby  who  sniggered
and hear him exclaim: ! ble." 1
possible has accomplished in the my-1
rii'd years since ever humanity began.
That is nil that "practical* politics"
ri mounts to. ,
(live me the preachers of impossibilities, fiive nie the rainbow chasers,
the star climbers, the sunrise seekers.
It Is tliey who have done everything
tlmt matters,
When  the first man ape proposed
to walk erec! and turn two of his feet
into hands, you may depend there was j
1 whispered wiseacre swinging by his
lmpossi-
iusm, he began to train, humming in
his heart all the time that he was out
to fight for political freedom for the
German people, and to crush the Prussian autocracy.
When liis day's training was over, ho
thought that he could not do better
than take a .bundle of Cotton's Weeklies and distribute them among the soldiers so that they would understand
what the Socialists really advocated.
He had noi distributed many copies
when he heard his name called by his
commanding officer.
Officer: You are not allowed to distribute these papers.
Private:    How's that?
Officer: 'Because iwe won't allow
our soldiers to read Socialist newspapers.
Private: .What objection liave you
to Socialist newspapers?
Officer: Well—er, you have no right
lu question your superior officer.
Private: What, am I wearing this
uniform for? Did I not enlist to fight
Prussian militarism, and maintain
Ilritlsh liberty, and here you are introducing Prussian methods of fr?c
press suppression in the soldiers'
cnmp.
Otficer: Well, I'll let you distribute
yonr paper this time.
Soldier (listening to the argument):
lie may as well be dead, for he is a
marked man from now on,—Cotton's
Weekly.
The Oses of a Press
By Robert Hunter
profound significance it changed the
world for me. I ceased to reach out
my hand for the nearest thing worth
"That beautiful star, monopolized by
a handful of its inhabitants, to Uie exclusion' of millions of others born to
enjoy its beauty? I cannot believe
such a story. The millions would not
permit it."
You and I know, brother, that the
millions do permit it. They have 'permitted it so long that it has become
identified In their minds with the natural order of things, and for them in-
crediblity only (begins with the suggestion that things could ever be otherwise than they are.
They cannot conceive of a social
system organized for happiness.
They perceive that the elaborate organization of society ls designed for
lite protection of great wealth; they
are aWare that thus It has been for
Innumerable generations; and when a
When, Prometheus set out to steal
the fire of tlie gods for the use of
men. thejnocking laughter of the wise-
acres who pronounced it impossible
was the last sound that came to his
oars from this fretful sphere.
When Christ taught that all men are
equal, the slave-owning wiseacres
snarled that he stirred up the people
with impossible dreams and they
clamored for the cross to silence him.
When the workers began to think
and to demand that justice should \>e
done them, the wiseacres, loadedywith
Ill-gotten gains, denounced liiein as lm-
po-ssibillsts, aud sought to put them
down with jail and gibbet.
lirother, I pin my faith to tlw impossible. And I believe, therefore,
that wo shall one day have a social
system organized for happiness. and
.Most Socialists and trade unionists
know the value of good organization.
.They know the value of constant agitation, or regular meetings and of soap-
boxing.
These instruments they know how to
use their ideas, to dispel ignorance, to
overcome misrepresentation, to clear
men's minds and to make Miem think.
Immeasurable energy is put into ;He
use of those instruments of propaganda.
Our organizers wear themselves out
going from town to town. , Comrades
of tlie various cities spend innumerable days in the arduous work of organizing and advertising important
meetings. Every la-bor orator is overwhelmed with invitations to speak.
The railroads make tens of thousands
of dollars a year carrying about the
fool comes along und says that oue not for gain.
■ -day^oMtoi^lstanrtrdtr^llTitMjBTHt-n—WD~5treTTa"vni*s tSn^Sy~ToT^ucira
ferent, that the time will come when system even now
the animating motive of the social system will be pleasure and not profit,
country our oratorical freight     The
hall-coopers make immense sums each
year for letting us meeting rooms.
■   Certainly all this work is of ironic-
But think a moment of the uses and
j power of a paper.
It ean find its way into millions of-
homes in the year. It'can strike blows
which will arouse millions of men.
Through it the noblest ideas can penetrate Into the minds of countless multitudes. It immeasurably multiplies
the power of man.
Debs can only talk to a few if lie depends on his voice alone. He could
talk to every man, woman and child
who ean read if we had a sufficiently
pjiweiful press.
Some of the best writers in ihe
world are noiw Socialists. They could
speak dally to countless millions; they
could tell the truth daily to the entire
nation about science, industry, business, politics, if our press was all it
might be, Their power can be multiplied as fast as we multiply the circulation of our press.
A prominent lecturer can come only
once a month.     But every conjrade
j and every sympathizer—even the lone
Jjrjjgjflradgg iin. worn * itt s tan t_fa rm*»*=*fta ji
nse importance.     Whatever we have I be served as well as the multitude of
accomplished has beeu   accomplished i comrades In a great city by our press,
Tlmt Is what the "growing love of. largely through the use of these In-; and all can be served, not once a week
pleasure"  means that the  wiseacres J strumenta of propaganda. 1 or once a month only, hut every single
day of his life.
You know fellow trade unionists and
even clergymen, teachers, and radical
democrats who are beginning to be inter.- sted in Socialism.    You live in the
same town with them and yet it is im-1
possible for you to talk to them every j
d-ay.     But our press can  reach, not •
only the few you know personally in j
your own town, but also countless ot'u- j
er thousands in other towns through-1
out the country.   For a mere trifle the |
postman will bring the best arguments }
%your writers are capable of. ]
There are at least two million So- i
cialists in this country, made Social- j
ists by books, pamphlets and by public |
meetings, but half of them voted for j
Taft or   Wilson  or  Koosevelt.      And j
*.vh>? ■■  i
.   1
■Because every day in the year they
read  a  capitalist  paper.     They  are
hypnotized by reading day after day
of what the Democrats are doing. They;
read their speeches, and naturally they
are influenced by their arguments.   If
they read a Republican paper, it is the
same.    They have something working
on them every day, influencing them to
them evory day, influencing; them to
cast  their vote  for a   Republican  or
Democratic candidate.
How can we eve. expect to poll our
voto if we allow bur enemy to reach
people daily, while we see them only
once a month, or once a year, or never
a.tall?   .
The fa<;t is twe don't poll our vote
and we shall never poll our vote until
as a question of mere organization we
shall realize the stupendous uses of a
newspaper.
.Vs a mere matter of organization-
wo should canvass und recianvass for
subscriptions every man in sympathy
with our views. We should impress
upon him the duty of supporting tlie
labor press.
The man who reads the lies and arguments of the capitalist press three
hundred and sixty-five days in the
year will not vote the Socialist ticket
on election day.
And the amazing thing about' this
method of propaganda is that It Is done
after a time nt a profit. The capitalist parties spend incredible sums for
balls, advertising and orators during a
campaign: hut capitalist editors make
millions out of papers that influence
the people far more extensively and effectively.
We ought to create a sentiment upon
this matter. We ought to make it
a thing of shame for any Socialist
throughout the land not to buy every
day u Socialist paper.
A Socialist ought to be ashamed to
say, "I read   regularly,   a   capitalist
ANY DYSPEPTIC
CAH GET ILL
By Taking "Fruit-a-tives"
Says Capt. Swan
Life is very miserable to those who
suffer with Indigestion, Dyspepsia,
Sour Stomach aad Biliousness. This
letter from Captain Swan (one of tbe
best known skippers on the Great
Lakes) tells how to get quick relief
from Stomach Trouble.
Port Burweli,, Ont., May 8th, 1913.
"A mau has a poor chance of living
and enjoying life when he cannot eat.
That was what was wrong with tne.
Loss of appetite and indigestion was
brought 011 by Constipation. I have
had trouble with these diseases for
years. I lost a great deal of flesh
and suffered constantly. Por the last
couple of years, I have taken "Ivpiit-
a-tives" and have been so pleased with
the results that I have recommended
theni on many occasions to friends and
acquaintances. I am sure that "Pruit-
a-tives" have helped me greatly. Hy
following the diet rules and taking
"Pruit-a-tives"accordingto directions,
auy person witb Dyspepsia will get
b*nefil*'' H. SWAN
"lrriiit-a-tives"aresold by all dealers
at 50c. a box 6 for $2.50, or trial size
25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of price
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
-wwtr'cajpi--1
gttiiyf
tali-st ticket,"
It is u crime to .vote a capitalist tic
ket, but it no less a crime to support
the capitalist press.     The Socialist
vote Will ta-Ui'. care of itself if you will
build up this great and powerful instrument for the emancipation of the mind ,
of man from the daily Influence, of the
capitalist 'press.
Of all work to be ('.one, nothing, it
seems to *m<a, compares in Importance
with-this.—-St. 1/ouis Labor.
TME lABISTMTE'S STORY
j What He Owe* to Zam-Buk '
Mr. C. E. Sanford, of Weston, Kings
Co., N.S, * Justice ot tbe Peace for
tbe county and a deacon ot *be Baptist Church in Berwick, says ; *" t
have used Zam-Buk for plies and founo
ll a splendid remedy,   lt cured mc."
Mr. Thomas Pearson, of Prince Albert, Sask., writes: "I must thank
you for tho benefit I have received
from the use of Zam-Buk. Lut summer I had a fever, which left me with
piles. I started to use Zam-Buk and
found IC gave me relief, so I continued witb it After .using three or
tour boxes lt effected a oomplets
cure."
Zam-Buk will also be fouad a surs
cure for <*>!d sores, chapped bands,
frost bite, ulcers, eczema, blood-
poison, .vajtcose' sores, scalp sores,
ringworm, inflamed' patches, babies'
eruptions and chapped places, cuts,
burns, bruises, and skin Injuries generally. tAll druggists and stores sell
•St-6©Cr4K»^,i>r'pOSt'fi^e^n«3~BaiB»BtnE—
Co., Toronto, upon receipt of prlr-%.
Ton are warned against harmful Imitations and substitutes. See th»
registered aame 'Zam-Buk" on event
package befor* buying.
The
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
Policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments* but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. S*
Wf*
W« utAon Woked wuouga your paper witn considerable care and interest.     We tnif lit t*tr# Mo nppmmnfty to tx
pre** oor appreciation for tbe service at rendered ao far.  We would alao add lhal il ia one of Uie cleaneat wecklie* that we
VfeAiaife^a   dfrMdisM tmomonmtut^oio -Smi obJtbJtitttk-tib mttettmeb
w^^W* m mt*   to wmtmo wtNom mFt^Hm mmm m^wtttowBrn-t mmwmmwtm
m TO FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEENIB, B. C, MARCH IS, 1915.
i;
^o* Mstvnt fiefc$*r
Published every Thursday evening at its, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advanc6. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger,
J.W.BENNETT,
Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
• u^roNiwr^xii. ■
WHO  GETS THE DIFFERENCE,
CAMPBELL?
MR.
be "'the truth, thc whole truth, and nothing but the
truth," in history, science, economics and industry.
The purpose of the People's College is to educate
men women and children to the end that they may
obtain their freedom through enlightenment, and
every effort will be made to develop individuality
instead of allowing it to go so far. and when it is
approaching the "dangerous" (?) stage, put the
clamps on. - As an evidence of the determination
that the school shall not come undei' the hciium-hing
influences oi'"money bugs," lhe by-laws state
specifically that any gifts will be accepted, only if
they are given unconditionally.
This institution is based on purely democratic
lines, the measure o.: sueeess it achieves is dependent upon those for wt;ose advantage it primarily
exists, and we think that daily the working class
is becoming'more and more alive to the necessity of
getting an education thai does amira'tely interpret
fhe word "education" to lead theni out of the bogs
of bour-sfenis fuddledom.
The stock increase of the International Nickel
Co. from 1902 y'p, $11,800,00 td $29,031,000, 191'}}
is agitating Messrs. Bowman and Carter two M.IVs,
not because of the use to which this product nmy
be put, but for the reason tlmt whilst the dividends
for the year 1913 amounted to about $4,000,000, the
proviiK-e collects the insignificant tax of $36,000,
and as ,i result the Government has promised a
coin mission of inquiry.
The source of our information is 'a leader in the
Toronto Globe of the 4th inst., a portion of fhe eon-t
eluding paragraph reads as follows: "The import
lance of nickel as a metal element in the manufac:
ture of certain naval and military, equipments, has
brought the industry prominently before the 'attention of the public, and will, no doubt, result in
returning a more reasonable share of tlie profits
■of the industry to the Provincial Treasury."
There you'are! Much prating about the horrors
of war, and if it could be forever prevented how
thankful we would be, provided, however, it did not
result in wiping Profit completely out of existence.
ery will be effected. Dr. Workman
will be away about six weeks in order'
td bave the necessary attention.-* his
case demands.
PRICE ELLISON AND THE
"OLD   COW"   TRANSACTION
(Continued from l'aiii- Unci
REDISTRIBUTION IN BRITISH
COLUMBIA IS MODERATE
Vancouver City Will Have Six Members of Parliament to be Elected
at Large
A SHORT STUDY IN HISTORY
The Alberta Legisla'tive Assembly is in session at
Kdiiiiiiitdii. ; 	
If    10.  Campbell  i.s tlie  representative of  lfoeky j     (^ueeii Victoria died .laniini'V '12. 11)01. leaving he-
Mountain constituency. j |ii,.,| h,.,- ;l |iU-gc number of descendants.     The iale
This gentleman is reported to have enlivened 1 lu;j K,,,., Kdward was lhe eldest son and the youngevt
proceedings with a speech, a portion of which we  (.\x\\(\  h-incess Beatrice (Princess Henry of Batten-
reproduce elsewhere in these columns. Iiciirl.
The mining of coal is the principal industry car-, t|r, grandchildren .„„[ j,mit mm\ children are
ried on in Mr. Campbell's district, therefore it is j llX(.mii,ie]v numerous, and to give a list of them is
quite in order for him to discuss that which is of j |l0t )ltH.css.iry fol. olll. 1)lir|)0St. Ilt this wrHing. but
vital interest to the electorate of Koeky Mountain.: we wi|1 <U,M, m<)I.c, K|„.(.jfi,.ll]iv wil], those ))0rn belle alludes to the deplorable condition of ninny, ,wc0|1 th(, voars mor, and 190!). the reason *for the
of ilie mineworkers because of lack of employment, j sel(H.tion of this periad wiu be explained later on.
with its depressing influence upon their finances, j
This i.s a fact which eannot he refuted.
lie calls attention to the quantity of coal import-!
ed from the United States, assuming, therefore, that •
if it were not brought across the border more work
would be furnished to coal miners resident in A1-*
bei'ta.     This looks reasonable enough, still before
aeceptitur it as a remedy let. us look a little further|
a I'iehl.    hYoin the coal fields of both Alberta audi
British Columbia an immense tonnage is sliippeo
into ihe United States, and this exportation has fur-;
iiished a theme for the Wa-diinjrton State represcn-!
•tcihe-. at nh.npia from the coal producing coiin-i
ties to dilate upon and urge that  some measures j
should be adopted, looking to the relief of distress
h'-causc of lack of employment in their respective!
rii!'i!>■!>.      Neither the legislative assembly in Alberta nor the House of Representatives in Washing- j
ton has anv tariff making power, this bei.m whollV '"'«' l^niioiit. IIolsteii.-Glucksberg and Hapsburg.
vested in the Federal  authorities.    Kecomnieuda-j    After scanning over this alibreviated list of niem-
tioiiH mav be made, 'tis true, but immediatelv there-- !"'rs <>-' tin- third generation of the late Queen Vie-
upon there is a howl about the greatest good to the! ,oria so,llc t)j' 0Ul" mu,ors mn>' womler wll-v ,hoj'
greatest number from the Public.     Such bein- llie|iini ff»Vt'» P™'initietice in these columns
the cost for delivery. How sold? By
private sale. Whom to? Tlie -Minister of Finance.     What for?    $25.
"Shall we take tliis ua so or consult
the unknown say-so   of   a   Canadian,    VICTORIA. B. C, March 6,-\>ncou
Bnnk of Commerce manager at Xew •
,,, . . , „ , . . . .. , , .,,,„ ver 1s to have six inem'oers in the next
Westminster?     I insist that in this
■bouse we must take the votes ami pro- legislature elected by the city at large,
eeedings as correct till they are proved according to tlieir redistribution bill
to be incorrect. If tliey are not cor-1 brought in by the premier Just before
rod then 1 would insist upon it that u j Ule ,10lIse adjolirned.   >The boundaries
OLIVET BAPTIST
CHURCH
CONCERT
Mrs, W. R. Wilson will in future
take charge of the knitting for the
I. O. D. E. Mrs, . J. Martin will receive donations and dispense Uie wool
during Airs. Wilson's absence.
The following donations are acknowledged:
Miss Sarah Lancaster—1 pair socks.
'Miss Alice Lancaster—1 pair sooks.
Mrs. Duthie—3 pair socks.
Mrs. White (Hosmer)—4 pair socks.
'Miss White (Hosmer)—2 pair socks,
1 cap.
150 bandages rolled by' Mrs. Wood
aud committee.
KNOX CHURCH, FERNIE
Living great grandchildren of Queen Victoria:
George Donatus, born Nov. S, 1906.
huihvig Herman, horn Xov. 20, "1908.
Ileana, born Jan. 5, 1909.
Marie Cyrillovna, born Feb. 2, 1907.
Kira Cyrillovna, born May 9,1909.
Gustavus Adolphus. born April 22, 1906,
Sigvard. born .June 7. 1907.
May. born Jan 2;1. 1906.
Rupert, born Aug. 24. 1907.
.lohann Leopold, born Aug. 2.1906.
.Sibylle, born Jan. 17. 1909.
Prince of the Asturias, born May 10. 1907.   ,,
Jaime, born June 2!5. 190S.
Beatrice, born June 22. 1909.
Among those enumerated are representatives of
ie houses of Hesse, Saxe-Cobuvg-Gotlta.  W'aldeck
Our ren-
correct series of replies to these questions is supplied as soon us they can be
got out of the printing office. 13ut
hero we have the Minister of Finance
going in there and by private sale buying these provincial assets which the
government cannot ha\e had for more
than twelve months, assets which cost
the 'province $1200 and which the minster gets for $200. If that is not astute
trading then I do not know whut the
term means:
Different Answers
"The Minister has bought a lot and
all from the farm. Just what his
conception of business is I cannot say
but that is the fact. Tlie hon. gentleman has bought how much I cannot
make out because'the answers last
year do not fit in with those that were
given this year. The dates do not
correspond nor does the total amount.
There would appear from this year's
answers to have been paid $1,950 for
nn enormous amount of stock, which
leaves $1,678.60 unaccounted for, or so
it would seem, if you take the answers
to the two series of questions together.
"What is the explanation the honorable gentleman offers to these series of questions. He would say they
were animals which did not turn out
as represented at the time of purchase.
If tliey are culls, who bought them for
the government, and how came it we
boupht for such a high price as $400?
Who was the agent? and more than
that, how does it pay to ship culls from
Xew Westminster up to Vernon. I
claim that a cull worth $25 will not
are those of the city, which include
Stanley Park and all the wharves and ' (la-v-"  Choir;   rending,  "Song in  the
building on the foreshore. \?***1  m'<  Miss  Crocker:   sol°'
...    '     , .   .   .    ., .... .    ,      i "-Children's Home." Mrs Alan Graham;
Richmond is to be divided into three  <0,0j „The L.ist Voyage„ D  parg,,oe.
riding| as was proposed by Mr. Jus-1 violin solo, "Raffs Cavatina," L. Haut-
lice .Morrison, chairman of the ri-tiis-', zlnger; solo, "The Island of Roses
trlbutlon commission. In fact, the!and 1-ove," Miss P. Hughes; solo,
recommendations of the senior mm.("Woe Unto Them," Mrs. D. McKenzie;
.   ,      ^  , u „    solo, "The Sea Hath Its Poarls," choir;
ber of that body seems to be pretty ^^ ..^ Trafn tQ M , Mf  H
largely followed.     In this, of course,  wllson  aild lMls8es  Westby.
he is supported, except to some oi tne  „The  TwQ  Roge8 „. ^  Quartett
southern constituencies, by Ms collea-  so,0( ]|( H      Br,       and palr„
On Tuesday night Olivet Baptist
Church iwas comfortably filled by an
audience which showed marked appreciation of practically every number
rendered by insisting upon encores, to
wliich the artistes gracefully replied.,    Sunday) Nov  u< u &m< „WisMns
The promoters are to be congratu- t],e supreme Wish"; 7.30 p.m.,'!Lost:
lated on the excellent program pro- & past." Monday, Thoughtful. Work-
vided and the amount cleared, about ers. Wednesday, 7.30 p.m.; Prayer
$7"», is very acceptable to the choir ou ; meeting, ■Thursday, 8 p.m., cliolr prac-
whose behalf the concert was given, j tlce    A cordial invitation is extended
Tlie program was as follows: "\ to all.     W. .1. MacQuarrie, B. A.
Anthem, "If lie Should  Come To-i
George .Monks, of Coal Creek, is
reported to be on liis way back from
■Australia. Robert Lqwe and hits 'wife
are also expected to return in the near
future. Conditions in that part of
Australia are somewhat similar so far
as employment ls concerned to what
obtains ln this part of tbe world.
EXTENSION OF TIME GRANTED
CALGARY AND FERNIE
gue, Mr. Justice MacDonald.
The name Richmond will continii>> lo
belong to the riding lying between Vancouver   City   eastern   boundary   and
Mrs. Alan Graham; sojo, "Dream of
Paradise," C. Wesley Owen; reading,
"The Mustard Plaster," Miss ,M. W.
Daniels; anthem, "Crossing the Bar,"
Fraser avenue from Uurrar-d Inlet tok.   . ,     .    „,, „    . 4.    _°       ,     •
«.   t, t>.       i. 11     .   r. , i ,.       choir   solo, "Call of the Motherland,
the Fraser River, tak na in Point Orey <=«.«,
-ski'te ul' affairs ou both sides of the imaginary line, | so11 fo1' enumerating them is because of the relations [stand the freight to Vernon._  j
~TTT]i7'renri^neriy~.~an(T if so. what is it?
Mr. 15. K. (•aniphell, doubtless unconsciously,
gives us a clue to the solution when, in the course
of his remarks, lie points out the productive value
to the I'l'Dviiicc uf Alberta of every miner is $2,200
a year, and he goes on to state further thai the
world wide figures sliow $1800 per annum, as per
lite Scientific American.
We know from the statistics of the I'. S. Labor
Hureau that the figures quoted are approximately
correct.
',1'nlung l\v. Oaiii'pbeirs own figures of $2,200 as
correct, what becomes of the difference between
this amount and the average yearly wages paid
to the miners of Alberta ? True, a certain percent-
age must be deducted for the maintenance of
schools-, roads, bridges, trails and other necessary
unproductive factors, but these only iiwount foe a
relatively s*mall portion of the two thousand two
hundred dollars. What gobbles up the great built
of the difference, oven making allowance for tlumo
factors already mentioned! Dividends or Profits
'may In- llie reply, but we may also be assured Hint
these nre relatively muall.     In uintty cases ihey are
existing between" tlieir existence "amTThe CTfy"*)?";
Kernie.      This assertion may seem somewhat   re-
Was an Old Cow
Aleta Clothlld P. sold for $75. The
tnarUable. However, strange as it is. we doubt if j Minister's explanation is that she was
the great majority of our citizens realize ^here is i an old cow, thirteen years old, bat she
such a connection, and we feel eonfideul the roval !e08t *420'     lle sa>H Uuu ohe. hart a
blooded personages whose names aud date of birth """^ **"™ « thc lf?TT'' !
^ ,.    . »,.,., ,      i would substitute the word adventure.
given are totally ignorant of the ii.lluence they;, won(Jcp whe|1 filie rBat.he:l that dry
have upon tbe future actions, not only of the pre- [ zoue of the Okanagan if It rejuvenated | former.
1 this old cow, and the view she got of, Atlin takes in the north of the province, Summervillc, Wales and Perase
Islands, In the entrance of Portlnnd
and nil the municipalities in that area.
South Vancouver will be the area on
the east of Fraser Avenue and will
include Bumaby, Xorth Vancouver will
take in all that part of the present
Richmond lying to the north of Bur-
rard Inlet. Delta will include the 'municipalities of Delta, Surrey an<l Lang
F. C. Kennedy; song, "Comrades Song
of Hope," choir. "The Maple Leaf for
Ever."
METHODIST CHURCH, FERNIE
Sunday, Mar. 11.. 11 a.m., "Why am
I a Christian?"    7.30 p.m., "Unlikely!
OTTAWA, March ' 9,—The railway
committee of the commons this morning reported the bill to extend tbe time
for construction of the Calgary and
Fernie railway, and also giving a time
extension to the Canadian Western
railway, an allied project Some hope
was held out that the capital would be
secured to proceed with construction
work during the coming summer, A
bill giving a charter to the Bntwliistt-j
and Alberta Southern Railway com
pany was reported without opposition.
JcyiTnclud'lng Baraston'aM^icMlll^ ; ^liniments": 2.30. Sunday School and
Island, but excluding Ain.acis. Patrick I ^V" V5 °'";..^?"™>l™"!"B..thf™
MCCLUSKY—MU8HKAT
nml Roberson Islands, which w-111 go j
, will be a literary programme at the
Mpiworth League,   when   Mr.   .1.   W,
into N'ew Westminster. 1 _, .
Cariboo is to return but one member ; Qmnney w,n. «»eak', Thursday pray-
after this, its area belim: red need, and
the northern portion will be created
the electoral district of Fort George.
Skeena goes out of existence and
will be replaced by Prince Rupert and
to the east of that, Omlneca.
.  Okanagan is divided into two ridings,
nnr'h and south.
\er service, addressed by Mr. Wilkes.
We have received the wedding announcement of two Calgary "reds" to
take place on the 18th of March at
Banff, Alta.    The many Fernie friends
Friday. Choir practice preparatory for I of  Comrade  Mushkat,  in   which  the
Kaster.     D. M. Perley. pastor.
DR.  WORKMAN   DOING
SPLENDIDLY
inu^rpcuii:
itj\JT.u-;-n
Word has been received from Spok-
i! ane that Dr. Workman has already un-
ina.i and is replaced by Trail. J
Alberni will Include the weBt coast i
of Vancouver Island, taking in Hoi-
berg and Quartslno, and will then
share the northern end of tbo island as
far down as Qnallcum Hlver with Comox, which latter constituency also get*
Texada and Lasquetl Islands from the
Tdergone an operation for one eye with
; most gratifying results, and the other
oue will be treated next week, and
from the report of Dr. X. L. Anthony,
the noted oculist, there is every reason to believe a most excellent recov-
Ledgor joins, hope tliat life's Journey
In its new phase may -continue until
after the dawn of the "New Day" has
been ushered in.
Mr. an-d Mrs. J. D. McLaren returned
to thg_citv  this  w-aak from  Sr»Vlr?uigv-
where they had been spending their
honeymoon.
Lleut.-Col. McKay returned to the
city this morning from a trip of inspection in the State of-Montnna.
sent, but also upon future residents of this municipality.     Strange as it mav seem, so long -as these j tl>" scenery if she took on # new lease
1 of life and was no longer an old cow.
great grand children of England's Queen are living,
and (to use the vernacular of tlie wesl) "then
some',' the sand, rock, clay or other building ntnlor-
ial in the Cily I'ark is protected front the plebian
uses to which it might be put of being incorporated
in a building.
We will now explain how this stale of affairs is
arrived at.
In lhe year 1000 an agreement of sale wits entered
into between the Conl Company and the City of
Kernie for the purchase of a it area of 1K8,(C1 acres
popularly referred to aa the City Park, and below
we give an excerpt from the document now in tbo
"In liurchasIriR this old cow for V.'M
laid down, did the agent of this government pay $420 for a gambling chance
that the calf would be alright and the
cow would -be worth $75 after? The
explanation of ihis unusual price would
do no credit to a third-class pupil from
an Indian school, much less the 'Minister of Finance of this province.
MOnly one explanation can be placed
on this series of transactions which
seom to have been the nubject of thn
lion. gwitlcI.nn'B cupidity for a longer
period, that is, that he used his position an a m-ember of the government
to the employees of the government
Canal and the to-wns of Stewart and
Urandby.
The other constituencies remain
preity much a,i they v.cre, with some
small changes In the boundary region.
A salary of $1,500 a session is provided for t'he recognized leader of the opposition to take effect from the session.
A bill to amend the Provincial Elec
lions Act makes provision for the making of lists for the new constituencies
from thc existing lists by tho registrars of voters In the old constltuenc
ic* nu*'! the forwarding of the names
! of those Into other ridings to the regis-
lilt the colony farm and dicker and ! trate of the new constituencies.
value and the assumed value. To have a better
Hitdetf-itiiiMltiig of this ipiestion one must dig ilevply
in'iii (ii.- hi»tory and developiuetii of ejipiialistn.
this done, it   will dawn  upon  the ili\e>ligiii"r ll>e
reason for the producer receiving back in tviuei«»
fmiiil) ii port imi of lhe social value of Witt pro Iti-t s
n.i. -nt.--.i- ku iimiiv  ttoii-pi'iMJiiciiig element1* must te
fed,    elntili'd iiiid shcllcivd Olll  of llie proceeds ! e-
luiv the reni producer is paid fur the labor power
luii.-h In- bus disposed of, Tu educate the working
das* in effect ing their emancipation Is the m Union
ul lhe Kircialiil.
To in told ihut every miner produce* $2,200 in
vi rv ifitertMrtititf information, particularly coin ing
iV-iiit i.r iv ho is ,t pai'liajiieiilary ivprcsi'iiLiiiu'
lull xxhnl tfiev nin| fo know I*; If Wc produce lh;*
Mre. I,'"W U it thi.1 llu nu jiigi .vr.ir^v »,iniiii*4- fall
way below half tlii* figmv?
<V, („s|.» iSf. i itni|Mii ii iioiv iioiM- ii Mudy <n m,*
jiiin«c mi   i>,i' Httiiatmii  ami enlighten  his .-.in*V'»i|
ent* lIuniijHi', whi'ii in\i h<> m.Iu'H* ilifir »Hffr»He
♦»nl il Wri'i* if-Hfer *lill il tb<' eli'i-furate wool.I >i-  n,*
,1 *Jlldy of the *i|bj»»et  ttieiiiselvc-*., /Hid its n  iiieaus
('
areWvea of the City Hall and lo which any citizen
rh-turly miisiII mi tl.e present prices at wi.teli fhe  may have ace** if he desiren to eomiborale «»urjtrade „„„ be8t dow„ the prlce of thoj   Th(1 redistribuUon gill gives 4T seati
'bans iin  offered on the open inn rKel. .*iil) ilieiv statements: . [ liroviivcinl asttets,    A minister of the J in t'he next house, nn Incrciise of five,
is quite a difference between the aetual ph.vscal:        "No part of said lands slmll be used or oxen- i crown should keep ills hands 'out of
va led for the piirpotteof obtaining sitnd or ofh*»rUhl*»-W ot this nature,
iiiiilei'inl  for building for other purposes than!
building on said lands,    X.» part of the land shall I ^Thi'm^^^^^^^
be used at any time for the purpose other lhaii|n,on ,IM>a hia p0wer to break do«w the
that of a public park without the consent in writ- • little bit of moral courage and stand
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
aiid peaceful security as well.
With a polioy in our oM Une,
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit Ute «nd« of tbe
earth and you know you're secure.   The best in
FIRE INSURANCE
te always etieovm, and eapecl-
ally so wben It doesn't coat
higher. Don't d«Cay about tbat
renewal or about tbat antra insurance you want but come right
In at once and have It attended
to.
MH* Ao K/LSTlrER
SOLE AGENT POR PERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK, tt VERMIS, B. C
A iiuin who has .lecumulatel, n'.i
. I>v iiiiesiienuble means, thc amount of
PERNIE LAND DISTRICT
District of Koottnsy
Tsk* notice ilmt WIMJAM tA'AIAlX
of Hull Itlvcr, farmer. Intetids to apply
ing of lhe company under it* corporate iseal fir*lj!"- (i ,l"' provincial employ.^, as j for permission to purchase Ihe follow
i„.„.i ,.i.i..M„wi       " , uitui iwii' U.-U. .luiiu iu Xli*; k.^tu uJ.'.i'-* iliaitriU'i'. Unit;
I  ,      "f-   " ',;. '   ,• ■ . !l»-  ^'*rt* and th- hard, then all li    ''omiitenclng at a post ulanted at
ct I'rohibitH Helling laiuoi-K-, (ill rent net ton re !•,.*,,,,, ,0
,   ,.,   . ,.   ,,    ...  (the north-OTnl corner of Lot One Hun
.   „.      .       f       ... ... v   , -av Is UilH^.i subject f-r tWs  ,,rwl alul 8«.v„llU?4!„  niii.  west tu
creeling store for selling mwhnndme ....   No J noua(, ,r Aea\ wnh.    We are c.reful .chains more or Ii>m to the north-west
I corner of Uot II"; thence north 10
part Khali be laid out iim a Imvu-sile ....   The I nbout the morals of this commuii.v
loiidilion*, hereinlM'fore lueiiltoiied only  obtHiu I<* 'W» province.    The Attorney Oen-
Mi'* a"period"7 lime eo^i.linu'ofthe Iif,- o$ | *'rt«l **n U8» ^ of *J hV f°"I
the grtnocnudrtn sua gr-Mt gmnacntiaren oi
tht 1st* (Juwn Vlctorit Ilviof whtn thii wm tx-
, ecutsd, snd ths lifsttus of ths lurvivon of tuob
grsndehildrsn snd grtst grsndehildrsn, togsthsr
with a further period of twtnty yssn of inch
survivor.'
Ito iieavv type m oiim./ Ill view of llie jirolia-
•>le dtifiitinn of life which may be attained U,\ *ome
of tliohc horn prior lo the urakiiiK of thi* contract
i i'Mfti w-,* mny fnlre Sti its n figure aud to thin add
moving picture that would Injure morals get* by. Whnt is going to bo the
effect on (tie iieopie of II, V. it this
Iteuip condone* conduct of this na-
IlltC?
| Dsngsr to Morals
"'It tt a tohWtt ti,r. y&ntfSl it (wi-
■ ll »Hy within the power of this House
to deal with and I Insist on It. that
l*>e ni'tntit* of thin provlnee will wstHi
flnaely wfuif nli*\\tt we will (site.     It
chains more or le«« tmhe norih-east
corner of I>ot«K:t«: thence east two
chalni* more or tests to n point on
west line of IM ZHtl, thence south to
•oath west corner of Lot 2t»«0; thence
east ifl chains more or less to n post
of IM tflSTK; thence noiith 10 chnlns
.more or lean to the iilsce of com*
j ment-enient eoutttluiuit to were* moro
or lest
WILLIAM  HtMIAI).
A|i|ilti'iint.
Fi*nisr) uah. ttll.'..
AT     TrrvnptM
Large Airy Rooms and Good Board
Wm, ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
WBBS
EHUKXlWWt'-ti">*>*>"v1.1 M.i,Hnim i.t,i,r-'iICt
*.^^!x
The
Classified Ads.-Ceiit a Word
Waldorf Hotel
.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
U ri tint'cr for lhe f'onserrntlve mem-|"~~"
S tier of this Home,   If it Is lo their s«t-1 TO UK 8t»M> niKAP-ij number Of j g
L. A. Mills, Mansger
tflc :.t* fllClllel' Xfilt'**, uiul ollc lllllidt'eil iiS Ihe t'l<Nll!t.
Ihereti.  would  re.-oiiniu'nd tliey  read  '•Imlintriiil 'Therefore. «ti«l«r iiorilitil coodilioiis. the Imiil mm*.
I i oi fit-iit*    uniti i. oy nun .%. A. IfifiutrdMOi. whieli - |*tt|#» r m Jihtfl A,11, mny clinmiele the fenlivitien «t- i\ .... „',,'.„•»',,',"," ,,* ,^)C 7," "nrcViV it\ ViMu'i* h,*A*rr rxtft**
l).n.»>. ;.    i,.,.ii ..i   i '..ii!   ,,n  mi*  vt-xnttotrti *1|1<feet   teitdiilit  ilfion the eoinplete pinmetoiiou by the I'ityh'i" "lvwt It, !»u* if ilifs sort Of UiItlR V
ii-*   \, st.ij a !-   *.-.. ,.•«■ nl" .» ,',*w .I**,,,., ■" ,(r!ii-l.' of Kernie of lh*» WA nt'rr* \*H*niet\ on fhe smith wide I toe* throuth there Is not mnrh dsnter f
„l il„. jjjver Klk m\\tn\ *'The Pnrk " I to o«r motmls from siwliif phJtiifos
ID0CAT10H rOB SBRVICB HOT FOR PROWT    This instrument xm* thown up ..u belwlf „t tb.
lister on, In the rmirse of n stieeeh
lo lltiM- r»ii l'nriuth««i lloom#;
ressomble.    .\t»i»l> IP). Howland Ave.;
——•—- i oni i timpnny by II. W, lle-whiner. nnd sigrii'd on
Wc h»\f ;ilr.»?nl>  *!flt»d in th-iw •oliinmi!* thai l.^lmilf «»f Ihi* t'ity hy it* then mayor. Sherwood
ili-Kbt * li»»ni fin*"** * tviil l»' iiilablidhetl by the I'roV- llerelmier.
im-ttil .'iiiiii.Tfi ■»•« jtitout iMt titer <»f the pn-wiit yeur. TUB KIOKBL QUESTION
Wi- w*%\ tn!« tm- «»pptirtuniiy ol itiioriitiiin thoste -—■ •
irho tin r.A -\:l*k ty, [,t\<- .>ff *ihu!;. itiw -lAll '.Su VaII.     Oik*. a^Au iWu* \tt***\\kf\ *4 tio- Sn.Hmij «Si*ii«'i
Jmt would lake lift », etoir**- of i<»vi?i« hy *»rr**t- i* eM*jmt»i»»ir the »t1eido»n »»f the law mnkern til
|M»n*t»-i*.*.-i   •:*-*.»   ,t--A <>,   !".,,*,. .,,.,.-,   v,';f Inn the rnugf ' *lt,n*. .*
«f their |w>«S-rt hmiii. thnt ilieiv i* a M-hoo! nt Fort
?!*.   .IT ^  a 1 ™^*rI    ™* IMMKDIATK 0.ILB- One r»«l
»»th Ihe Minister of riM»ee with f^JfW;   5.^^,,,-   ^^  feeoi,d  <*lf
imet 10 the transsetloti   nntt   wmlt \m mh , Prte0 pflA   A   , }
"Ifl 1 **„ Tr*   !5T  ,!"MW,rtir M.Thom»«.i,C«,<Ilh.l«ior«.AlU.:
whlrh the llinlsler would make on it.t „„...„^ „.  *„_,,..
1* he proposed to to. I ~Ff»n"iui*« 4»ikAi»--T«o Itoomed
Tite sovernnteBt wtmhi nm tbU th#jj»U»lir«j4 Hon.**, uith mnlei knU elec*
not'tilt Itthtt on lialf Tot    Aw»ty. N'o TT,
autxure.A{t Attu AMAtU^Ait PLAN
CAFE OPEN DAY & NIGHT
Mont* tA .iiA Cut in
htii'itti- fnterent wn* *nt*tmnttnti not
'■lli** !f iliere tt-ii* T'sy *atrtir,y§o''.m r»r|Un*i!»sy Avenue/Awnen.
llon't he *»|»ri:«t».t, t!it-> nn- no! jr«»i»n in prohitdt »wl»wk* ,h** *i **• »m»wrt tor.      I ™|^g~ljj^^L^ ■!
JV«>tl. K«t»*»*, *-i*U*i1 -'Tbt* V.-tifth'm t't%lU^t*A rmiiy itn ii«o« for Uie n*i*tilifi* mtmler ftnwi*—-War—?ft» ? 11' t"" "'* -'"b"11'""*1 " '"""  " ' " '" lAtmty. Ity. Minton. IMwit Office,      {
|..f^Mher^...r»IH.,.-fti...H. Ibiammimim thnt Wo«M t« rn1ix*r4*tt of lhe lM-t »oU,e>n ,.f| QfmjMfJJm />##7V \'mrm ^*AlM^mr*oot^
*** .,•■{?.«!., * .1 U-r -.-I'M-. i-...f !..r j»r,,|'ti. Ji wiil n..t ■ thnt p>»rti«Hi of Mwiet.v wht«>h ima hilt »Jie ohj^-t '.fl I 9J####fif#CF %MVMl5 litem* nttA bnH M; T*We* n*4 *Hm*trtt\
**-"*"■* -•       ' ' *>~" 'y>-*-*.-*-ifi* n^'.irr*1.! vA . »t« eoniii'Hloii with any !'ndtt«try. viz.. Profit. I f,T**1 * ^..^.twi-iwTerj JHffcL     ,|^ ^bmbornno* kvnom. ,    |
Special Rale Boara tnd Room by the week or month
J.TI XZ i\ tm*     A IVcJCVIZ. 1 O   uTUtVU
IsnMss Wis Rsms Rshs
oot. ti Bjwartb
otttnttM fits wist
:SS^S7^XX^*Z-T4&3.m THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,. B, C„ MARCH IS, 1915.
fAQEITTR
•^ o o
News  of Tlie  District Camps
♦
■ *-***»
♦ ♦♦«>♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
■m*mm-m-+*m*m-m-e.m***mm-4*
Saturday last was pay day up here.
The mines 'were idle Saturday and
Tuesday.
i.Miss Kosie Corrigan arrived back
from Cranbrook during the week-end
and is staying at her father's house in
Coyote Street.
Billy Flaterly arrived back in camp
nfter his perambulations around the
country.
Word has been received that Bob
Johnstone has arrived safely back on
liis native soil.
The Amateur Dramatic Society are
making great arrangements for the
forthcoming concert on the 21th inst.
The company have kindly consented to
-allow the tickets to go through tho
mines. Look for big attractions.
' Tlio stork has -been very Dusy in
oamp again this week. On Tuesday
lie paid a visit to the home of Mr. and
Mrs, Bernard Caufield, leaving another daughter to gladden the hearts of
the parents.
While in that vicinity he deposited
his bundle at the home of Mr. and
tMi-s. Phil Shimitfons, leaving a fine
Tiaby girl. Pleased to report all doing well.
Wc were sorry to see such a small
number of Coal Creek members of the
Fernie Co-operative Society present at
the special general meeting held in
tlie Victoria Hall on Sunday evening
last.
George Vincent, of Fernie, is occupying  the  position of  night time-
We
keeper for the company up here,
wish you luck, George.
George Finlayson, of elocution fame,
has left camp under sealed orders.
Good luck to Gunda Dinn.
AH local "Moose" are requested to
put in appearance at the K. P. Hall
on Jlonday evening next, when the
election of officers will take place;
also initiation of new members.-
AH local "Moose" who intend to
make the journey to Michel on Saturday, March 13th, are requested to
be at Fernie Depot at (i.l 5 on the above
date,
One or our residents lost his way
on Saturday night after being in
Fernie taking in the sights. Result,
he arrived home minus the roast for
Sunday's dinner!
'Methodist Cliureh—Wednesday, T.IiO
p.m., Pleasant Hour; Biblical discussion; choir practice immediately after
the service. Sunday, 2.30 p.m.. Sun-
school and bi'ble class; 7 p.m.', Pra.wr
meeting in church parlor; 7.30, Gospel
service, solos, et<i, subject, "Making
Allowance." Hev. J. Stoodley. A cor
dial Invitation to all is extended.
Presbyterian Church—Sunday, 2,30
p.m., Sunday school, 7.30; Gospel services. Hearty singing and a pleasant
time assured.    All welcome.
♦ '"♦
♦ COLEMAN ♦
An old country dance takes place on
Wednesday evening, March 17th, in
the Eagles' Hall, In celebration of the
THESE are times when
every dollar of British Columbians  is   needed   in   British
Columbia.
When you buy  foreign-made shoes a
 u-@IQ4n*-tftgO of—■tJ-'O—funnn*nt_ynii mi.
very  large
ii-\:fts_ihQ.
"broth of a bhoy" St. Patrick. Dancing starts at 8 p.m. Admission: Gents
50c, ladies free. I.unch will be served during the evening.
Tin*, road to West Coleman, via the
Bluff, is now finished ready for traffic. Parents will now be saved much
anxiety through the children not being required to -use the track in fu-
:ure in coming and going to school.
Au alarming fire occurred on Thursday evening in West Coleman, completely destroying the homes of Mrs.
M. Kiiish. P. Kolisynk, 'and J. Mahout.
The loss was covered by insurance.
Through lack of a proper water system, the fire brigade witli its equipment, is practically useless in coping
with a fire in this part of the town,
being eiilii'dy 'dependent on. *wel)fi and
I'riiiinliM i- hut-hot brigades for their
supply of water. Fortunately the
wind wns fiivornjile, otherwise there
would have beon grave danger of the
central portion of the town being entirely wiped out. The residents are
naturally indignant at the treatment
meted out to them by the Council, who
have been pretty free with promises
in tin; past.
'Two Belgiums left on Sunday en
route for Belgium to do 'their little bit
in defence of their country. They
not u royal send off.
.lames' Glendenning left on Thurs-
lo u t.t en d the annual convention of the
Knights of Pythias at Medicine Hat.
George Kleines war pictures were
shown in the Opera House at a matinee on Tuesday afternoon and again
in the evening. Tliey created great
Interest at both shows and were much
appreciated by the audience.
Horn—March 3rd, to Mrs. Dan Daly,
a son. Mrs. Daly's husband died in
tlm iniiicrs hospital a fow months
back.
Work is still much the same here—
one day on and one day off.
♦ HILLCREST NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
<» ***** o -*+- *** -*#- V* o <* ♦ ♦ ♦
SovenU of the Hillcrest boys were in
camp from Pincher last week-end in
their bright new uniforms, and on pay
day Hlllcrest hnd quite a martial appearance. The pay envelopes, however, wero lean.
dozen places -awing .o the accumulation of dust.
The resignation oi" the Vice-President 'was tendered ami accepted. Delegate Llurke presented his report which
was listened to witli varied degrees j
of emotion. .Tliis concluded a well-
aiionded and a business-like meeting.
-#• ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ «s> ♦ ♦ ♦ + -m ♦
♦■ *     ' -*
♦ BEAVER  MINES ♦
Province  permanently.
LECKIE SHOES
—the best the market affords—is made in British
Columbia by British Columbians. When you
buy LEC KIK SHOES every penny of your dollar remains right here at home. Remember
That!
"     SOLD AT LEADING DEALERS     Wg|#"?'"n"        ff
"Built for Wear, Style and Comfort"
The mine here has been idle for
the past .three weeks, liut some men
have, heen employed filling and shipping, coa! from the dump heap.
Ity' way of curtailing running expenses, two fire bosses, one engineer
and two Herman were suspended last
week.
As the result of our application to
Ihe Government for aid to be given to
persons who were in destitute circumstances, Mr. Shaw, mine inspector,
llluiriuore, visited Heaver ou Thursday, the 2nd inst., and after satisfying himself that, aid wns actually
needed, the following committee was
appointed to relieve necessitous eases:
Mr. Sam McVicars, Harry Drew, Mike
Torpy, with John Loughran secretary.
Tho first meeting of the committee
was held on Friday last and relief was
(loved out to all men who were In
need, anil had wives, families or other
dependents in this locality. The committee wish to'thank Mr. Robt. B.
Campbell, M.P.P., for using his influence with tlie government on their
behalf.
Mrs. .1. Xewliouse. of the Heaver
Hotel, returned to her home last Wednesday from Pincher Creek Hospital,
a iter being un inmate of that institution for about three weeks suffering
from a broken leg.
A very sad necident occurred here
last Friday afternoon when a man
nanied Pete Kyllo was accidentally
shot by liis son aged 12 years. Apparently tlie man, who had a wife and
eight young children, and who was
said to be in very straitened circumstances for food, returned to his
home with a small .22 rifle, after
searching ir. vain for a rabbit. He
placed the weapon on the table without extracting the bullet, and the boy,
not knowing it was loaded, touched
his will, and with head erect, with an
audible voice, he recited the one hundred and twenty-first psalm: 'I will
look unto the hills from whence corneal my help, .my help cometh from the
Lord,' etc.
"They, strapped his ankles, his knees,
and around his stomach and elbows,
i and then took down the noose, put it
over Smith's head, drew the knot under his jaw, took, a white cap, put it
over his head, and tied the string.
"Then stepping back quickly, threw
up his hands as a signal. Another
man threw a lever. The trap fell, the
miserable human wreck -dropped with
a thud, spun around, twisted, strained,
and through the thin cap over the face
there was visible the impression of the
tongue protruding, and a stain on the
cloth.
"His neck was not broken. When
he kicked the straps off his ankles,
tlie guards helped him out by taking
his ankles in their hands and finally
put back the straps. Smith was still
quivering when the doctors were examining his heart.
'.'The deputy sheriff while standing
close to the dangling human being
watching the shoulders shake, tho
knees knock together, said, 'He is having ti hard time: I don't think his neck
is broken. If it is, it is high up close
to the base of the brain. - When that
is the case they usually have a convulsion as he is now having.' "
This is the law of Illinois. It is
udicinl murder. His father and mother were first cousins. His father was
a physical defective, out of proportion,
crippled; his mother was bom with a
defective nervous system, and both
parents were unfit for parenthood.
He was born a wreck, he never was
stronn, w;is always weak in mind and
body. . On account of these, weakness-
os he wais subject to the influences of
drlii'k. and while under this Influence,
ninltrruteil and murdered a little girl.
I :mh imt trying to excuse tlie crime,
The time has arrived for you to
awaken and change the present econ-
oni-ie aud social system. It is impossible for num to be satisfied with this
system. The report of the treasury
of t'he United States shows that there!
are a million workers in this country
who receive less than ?500 a year.
Doesn't this impress you that il is
time to change ihe present systeai of
affairs?
llie capitalist system is uo longer
adapted to the needs of modem society. It is outgrown and fetiers the
forces of progress. Industrial and
commercial competition are largely of
the past, The handwriting blazes on
the wall. Centralization and combination are the modern forces in industrial and commercial life. Competition
is breaking down and co-operation is
supplanting it.
Steadily the number of claSs-cou-
scious toilers is increasing, and higher
rises the tide that is to sweep away
the barriers to progress and civilization.
Let others talk about the tariff and
finance—the enlightened workers demand the ownership of tlie tools of industry and they are building up the
Socialist party as a means of getting
them.
'Tlie 'working class alone made the
tools; the working class alone can use
them, and the working class must,
therefore, own them.
This is the revolutionary demand of
tiie Socialist movement. The propaganda is one of education and is perfectly orderly and peaceable. The
workers must be taught to unite and
vote together as a class iu support of
the Socialist party, the party that represents them as a class, and when
they do 'this the government wiil pass
into their hands and *■ capitallshi will
fall to rise no more; private ownership will give way to social ownership,
and production for profit to production
for use; the wage system will'disap;
revolution. The party has a press
supporting it that extends from sea
,o sua and is aa valiant and tireless in
its labors as it is steadfast and true
to ilie party principles.
Tlie Socialist party stands upon a
sound platfonn, embodying the principles of international Socialism, clearly and eloquently expressed, and pro-
claim's iis mission of conquest on the
basis of the class struggle. Its tactics
are in harmony with its 'principles and
both are absolutely uncompromising.
Viewed today tioni an> intelligent
.standpoint, tlie outlook of the Socialist
movement is full of'promise.
lt is the break of dawn upon the
horizon of tinman destiny and it has
no limitations but the walls of the universe.
What party strife'or factional turmoil may yet ensue we neither know
nor care. We know-, only that the
principles of Socialism are necessary
to the emanciption of the working
class and to thc true happiness of all
classes and that its historic mission is
that of a'conquering movement. We
know that day by day, nourished by
the misery and vitalized by the aspirations of the working class, the area of
its activity widens, it grows iu
strength and increases its mental and
moral grasp, and when tbe final hour
of capitalism and wage slavery strikes,
the Socialist movement,'the greatest
in all history—great enough to embrace the 'human race'—will cfown the
class struggles of the centuries with
victory and proclaim freedom to all
mankind.
♦ • ' ♦
♦ TO CORRESPONDENTS       ♦
Tiie following arrivals have to be
noted—i.Mrs. A. Wilson, a daughter;
Mrs, Junes, a son; .Mrs. Ondrik, a son.
Ail the parties are doing well, most of
the arrivals being employed, occas-
ionally, of course, in testing thoir respiratory organs.
Hilly Stack bus taken unto himself
a lire-long partner to share his joys
anil sorrows. May they bo blessed
with ti maximum of the the former and
a minimum of the latter.
A free dance wns given or. Monday
night 'by the bucheloys. The Local
gavo the hall free and a good tlmo was
spent. Dancing seems to bo the craze
nt prosont, and hoth young and old
have been smitten with tho desire to
glide.
O. Thomas is to undergo another op
era Hon this week.
An epidemic of sickness Is prevalent
In the lawn Just at, present
but 1 am trying to kill forever In the!pear and with it ignorance and poverty,
state of Illinois, the murdering of hu-| misery and crime that wage slavery
man being by the people of Illinois, i breeds; the working class will stand
The sheriff or Cook County received j forth triumphant and free, and a new
(.ono riHiitests for admission to see the; ora will da.wn in human progress and
hanging. There were Cr> present. Se-• in the civilization of mankind,
vera! of the spectators crowded up < The Socialist party is organized in
irnnnd tin1 man:  at least two of the; every state and territory of the Am-
♦ ♦♦♦
♦ ♦
BELLEVUE
Brewing Bread
Baking Beer
*t
Ian
tluTtFIgger ahHTheTi-eNoFenTei'liig the
father's body, lodged in his liver. Nol
having a resident doctor at Beaver,
nor a fund from which the expenses of
a mr-dloal gentleman from Pincher
'.'mi u could bo defrayed, the u.ifov-
* in*, ne man, after, suffering e\"'einr
naony all the night, hnd to Ik> taken
to Pincher Creek Hospital, n distance
of \", liilies, without even an anaesthetic.      He died  the following  day.
ATI ongh this was by no means a
typical case, yet had Kyllo received
*ii"op»>r medical aversion l:v time his
lift) '.ut-fht have i>tei: spiirel to his
fi'.iily, but wiieirwe askel.the Ccn-
ventlon to make provision for similar
cases, the resolution was sneered at
hy some of tho delegates representing
towns that are well supplied with both
doctors and hospitals. So far as Heaver Mines and ti few other Locals were
concerned, it *howed "Man's Inhumanity to man" with a vengeance.
Hut seeing that tlio conference was a
huge farce from start to finish, ft
war iii kueplnii with all the other In-
consist Piii'les.
spectator;! caught hold of or touched
liln-i  u-lien  lif> wns gHIl  twilclilnir
<f
A mmt aviiiiIiI linvti tu bi» bwti.v twimi'il t« um iIiom*
i x|ir«"-*v,niw The l»r< ttitijf nf « luetic of Wei* mul
tin- linking uf it Imif of bread nre H|i|>iirentl.v us ilia-
•jlitihll' ii•» iiisy tuo tiling;* eillllil be. Aliil )'»»», bee)'
.uul bi'i'itil, ii* well un (he chief |>niccMc» of Unking
nml lirewittjr, hit eheiiiienlly vory miieli nlllce. Ititilt
.ire tllilile of jtriiill.      Knilil (lie UIleal ix iiuiile fluid'
juhI llii'ii ilntmli. Pr-uiii Ute bailey, mull mul tinn
iiinsli. Tin* |ir»«*i»wM»«» iliffrr only in ilHaif. Tin*
chmtiienl action of the yewrt on the ilmijrtt of IhvihI
ami on th« in«»h of bw in Mlctiticnl. I loth beer
iiiwl breail are fund pnulm U. The tuilitU itmUiueil
in beer tire jimt iim ni)Mrl»lilii|t nn thtm in brew!,
Tl,
,„»<
,,i!,,i -mr,,*.,-
i t*.
*b,
u>iiU»
in boor.
I* llie IHl'Hei )<vii'ci»lttgc i»t WMtfi' eoiXallieil
Tin* burfoy wm\ in Kernie H***»r i» ih.» finwit.
wiwm fftnin tt* mn hoy.    'tbo O-enHtrnii Hl-wt ot i
ilriiikinir Fernie Itaer i* lartrely •lue in tbe real
r ••nrishinent il eont-iin*.
Fernie Beer Is Liquid .Food
Be Good To Yourself.     Ask For It
Hev. Hugh Dobson delivered n
tern slide lecture on "Alcoh6-,"
After a stern chase Saturday after-
.noon laat the H, N. W. M. P. arrested
uu Individ mil alleniu! to have committed :* Kcrimtg offenee.
SlUtit Improvement in worklnu condition* last week; divided up as is the
custom.
Privates Wilson, Wade and Ktupni*
I rick   were  home   visitor*   thin   week,
Heglnnlng with   Marrh flth,  A,  1.
IHnis, the well-known ameer, ln*tinii-
ed n strictly c»*h husines*.
A« sn evidence of the present de-
(♦reunion ihe quarterly meet!ns of th* i
I Methodist Church disclosed the r*et
thnt the present Incumbent is shout
*"<h» »hort of his iiNttnl annutil stipend,
Th*« usual tension tiotirenble wheti
i i iii>w sareemenl I* under ronsldern-
| tinn lei»lieen enhanced in iIiIm neigh-
horhomt  ruitKei|tlPtil  upou  Ihe  *:il;ir!
led offlciaIn of  iiii* nnii;i:iii>   Imlng
tw-en glreti a w«»Btf'»* nolle* whteh ter-
i Hui.liU*. on .;.»- <Hii *ti A|illi.
I    The local b«i«e «f the I. O. tl. 1'.
■im lining defrei*> work <|tile re*niir-
h these rtsjs
Uev. Itcltt nf Uvlinwiuv-c wilt "U.e.i'y
n 'tie Mettioi'lHt fliit-i'h Him.fiy next.
On «!. !*iitriek'i! da) ihe Methodist
„.,ifj.    *m«-,<!   ih-m    9it*   *■ „**'** nn,**,;,,***,',   a*"**
*'      *    '  '"'''..M  •    ., *l      '  f -'l 7.1.V,
t!;i' u'il>   Intini'itinii.      T}i*(,*'C  »]*«• nl
n»»t«M befrtiw •(!! b** Jim mt,***4mr*„
nntl those who were not ottabt bim tn
miss Ihf event,
FIGHTING   JUDICIAL   MURDER
I.i .ItiKcjtli M. Mason, Socialist Mcinhet
lllluoin Legislature
ericaii union
The three Sofia lints In the hist Illln-
nl* liijtlnl-itiire worked and voted rur an
iinti-rapilal punishment bill that would
uln.Huh lentil murder of human beltiUH.
Tli'- hill, however, did not rc<eh<-|
cnouxh volfK to pan*.
A similar lit It m now hetore tin> present legUlfiturr. It waa Introduced ny
Kep. L>ii'. The i>!tn l»Ioiu ot thin '.i'.'.I
me as follows:
"whoever Is convicted oi murder
xli.ill be imprisoned in the peutUmtliir)
(ur his tui tutu I life or for a term of
not leu* thin !"• years." Tlie Hoclal-
wi*''will work 4**1 -i vote for ibis bill.
A t)|i«cil <»>>»• nf legs! hailKiliR l« as
fotl'itu: "111! t-'eb, lii. In the count)
Ji't 'n i Itleasu, a man turned Hmitli
t»,i-* hitijtcl.
"The poor v-Mlm when led tn the
«< -ittViiiJ will; '-'- h'inds handcuffed he-
hfnd hit !>.iek   *»* so **nV thst he
»ttimblm! mnl »»iiiii hsvi* faiii n, toml j l!v.(.
not ihe Rtiar-dk helped htm,
"Itfohrfi  le  »t»lrll.  weak, pule anil
When all the doctors had finished i one
examining him, a cot on wheels was
run under Smith, and he was flopped
bnck on the cot. And for l'i minutes
he curious crowded close around, look-
"d. cniii'iueiiteil, etc.
When my informant, who in a person
of hlch standing in the stale of Illinois,
left the place, they were still looking
•il the now lie-id brother who :i i*'v
'minute*.before.had been a living human being. One of tho witnesses wns
a doctor who boasted of having taken
part in at least six hangings, one of
which wa* N'eidenieyer, the car bi-ii
bandit.
Ile said Neldemoyer would have died
n natural death one hour before the
banning hnd thoy not kept him dive
with dope. The aame doctor mocked
Neldemoyer for the faltering way .In
which he said his prayer. The do.tor
said, "That big stiff, I would have liked
to have gone up there nntl hit him on
the side of the head with a brick,"
Now, if overy mnn and woman in the
state of llllnolK or elsewhere, who believes Uiul    caii1 hi I punishment Ik a
relic of uuviigeiy and lias no ■ place in
the civilisation of the twentieth renin ry, will so write to his representative, this Wil will become law. dolnn
away forever with such -horror* as occurred in Chicago, on Saturday, the
3th of February, IH1.V    Willi the help i
of the American Socialist, I hope tlil*f
will be the last Judicial murder In thej
state of Illinois.
llliJlJliii-j.^1 its.,
gy born of the throb
Its members are filled
—■" —-ra Wl-fVUSfj      « IC11     H7-T
nd thrill of
We would respectffully call
attention to our out-of-town
correspondents that they mail
their communications so as
to reach us on Wednesday
.morning, as tiie train service-
having been cut down to one
train daily, mail which heretofore has reached us early on
Thursday morula;.', now is not
delivered before noon,'ami in
the event, of being behind time
reaches us too late to appear
in tho issue for which it I?, intended.
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Date •— Every
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LAOIES
In  the  Pass—■
Convenience.*
AND  uENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
MV  IDEALS
ty Eugsne V. Debs
H. G. GOODEVE GO. Ltd.
t)
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.   Pal), write,  phone or wire.    All  orders given
prompt attention.
It you are satisfied, ttll fethsrs.    If not satisfied, ttll mi.
Coleman
Alberta
•hlverlnr  he * nn ttili ihe master oil
My ideal l* a thinker in overalls.
Ile Is tlie one of blither iiianhniH', u!,
th" iiioful I'ouraite lo face the world J
■.ud fsht for hi* r'.ghu.     In dolus this
li" nmy lone the re*|M»ci ol hi* iiwigh-!
l».*r*. b(!i he wilt retain his own re*
nil ii'ii! will tin iihertd ftithtliiK hi the
•it ilex; tftrtiKKif of the woiltl   a *mu.
ii'e to • maiicSpaic iln* working elans
llout Uie (mil lunn ut  m-iti*n lc.
U hi!tier, ihe Quaker poel, once «*i-t
!.,... au.. «;ii .ti **tit*. '.* t«.i*« !•> *t,,,*.,.,
.tl **ti St* itit-iplent s*;ntt'!>.     Tlii.- h.it
i lieen ttii • »tntill*hi<i fan.     It
,..,**  for tt pi-fioii to !m» n nobody
1 itr;ft  ulon,t  'Utii the  flin*   nf tb,'
eann irtp m l^ehbrldee thl* week.
The Vlw^tesWent occupied the
chair at the regular meeting owing to
the abse-are «f Pre* ftarwfek ni Pel-
tary.
nenmrt* w*n* r*emlt*4. * f*f■ *f*i»f*».
ii.il'M- .Her feiwjil-ed AUe-wpl
**nrr**tl*A h» tAtwllnt a mntt*
ii We niHhad of utifii khsrltiii, iinfl
nom* ot tbom Idle foe 5 Mentha ar«"
eon mt-nring * m'flre feasant «mM« *■
* trmtt of tihe cajrture et th# »*tn*!v»
The ittfnf« tn*i»*rtmr baa t**o*A *f
I'edPt fatnilBtf the stoMM-g* df half a
Is have |
■t* •»(ri,*-i
9fc
'Bronchial
Sf Coughs
mmt m_;*4t_ _■
OMfk tHfl Mil
rn o^tt  mwbtUjBpnB mom   o^^^^mm ^mmt a^bmm^w mKt^
Kfyrrt minunoif.
twmiMUa Ui *u nm, oatural war.
SmmhI iinhtiww, HlNvtt tkt
MM tittt oomm tbo trogUa.
••4 gvatf drop kttpt to
mmt m±m^tmm^^-'mO^^^ tk
mm -WW^P^^Ww tfttet^ tm
mm
iliti       F'i|t t! tillti'" il hit of rntl'ige !»
•l*'i.i «jh* and Join lhe d**«p!iw;| minor!-
tt;.ni'/.Ml5t>ti the  v.irhl \i.t- '■'■■•! hv*'i*'
Tb*> witrhw* nrt* mieriiii-K toe nrt'
the *nnrf«e with the g(o« of the ligh*
of thti cumin* day on ih«*ty t,ir« *      l
«* wiil have » wUI ai»t n>«J't*«'ttt1
demimrai). ftttt nnll-cil (i»«<- t» *,•*•,
lately eo-sentlal. When >«u warkrrtt
itMilts^ that yoar l«t*»ewi'-* «re f!#nit-
cal yott «ill wiilu*' husJit wi" ItrlustH.t!
ami |M»Utk**l flag and no forward %n<i
Ili-othili-K wlii »'.»•,) tM'twrcii >(j*u :*r,\\ lh
nhstnfhrte ■i^iiai>rt*i*.*,,.nn «if "b* aotXy.ti;,
c'.ats.
WBtwrtf that rntnm tn this *onmt)
imtm)   l* i-h-*- ttutlimnxt* -i*f th**  j;-*:*.
trli»l '•)'*■*•>« In* wht^h w1 i-**iy.f    Kv.>rj
•)atem o«ill»*-« it* mmthIum*.     T>..
*•»■» i««n" f**Xi*ie ht* ?"id it» *«m »t.A v.
F. M. THOMPSON
Compnny • "Tit* Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Everything in Shoes
atmammaa*tmmmmatmmmaiiumimmmmmm*mmammmm^^^mmi*mma^^»mmmmmtmmmm
Wtt Imvi' jiisit |iui into *tiK*l< a N|»li>itilitl
a^oiliiiiin   uf
Prints, Qlnghame, Plain &
Fancy Crepes
PRICES   TROM   tSn..   P£K   VARO
Tli*»i<* nr«* nil rlioti'«» ittitti-*
and «It** im»w«-si|  t|<t«jgrt«
VV«* «liggp«t jim |tttiffinM> Hii"*!'j»ihmI* iiuu' wln*n the
HXMil'litH'tlt i*«»o*HM»|H»'
Don't forget this is headquarters for the bett
in shoes. Sole agents for; Invictus, Regal and
K make fine shoes. -See our specials in boys
strong, neat school shoes.
Phone 25        Blairmore, Alta.
The Storo That SAVES YOU  Monty Page SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 13,1915.
i
*,
.=?:
§
Workmen's  Compensation
Law- State of Oregon
This law was approved hy the people;
at a special re t'o re n dum election held
on .Noventiber   Ith.   15)13, iimi  amendments there.'o were udded and adoption effected in the session of 1915.
The rates and classifications of industries nre divided into wo classes
A awl II, the former comprising the
more haxardotis occupations, such as
mines, ponder works, quarries, smelt-
iu«4, etc. Class B. includes electro-
typing, laundries operated by power,
printing and  kindred establishments.
■The ennployer in class A pays 15 per
cent on his pay roll the first year, after
which he will be eligible to exemption
if no accidents have occurred in his
plant and provided there shall be a reserve in the ace-idem fund sufficient
to pay accrued claims and 10 por cent,
additional, but in any case I! per cent,
per annum is the maximum amount
imposed.
The same rules govern those of
Class ,13, except that the percentage is
I'-, per cent maximum.
Employers who do not desire :o
come under the act are deprived of
the common law defenses of contributory eiigligence, assumption of risk
arii-l negligence of fellow servant.
Any industry no' enumerated may
obtain the benefits cf the Act by filing application with the commission.
The commissioners are appointed by
the governor of the state, three in
number. Not more than two shall belong to the same political party. The
present appointees are William A. Marshall (chairman), Harvey 'Heckworth
and Miss Fern Ilobbs, and I'. F. Gar-
nett employed as secretary. The commissioners devote their entire time to
■she duties of office and are forbidden
to serve on any political committee,
other than those mentioned, is on a
basis of S."»0 per cent >of the average
monthly support actually paid by the
workman during the twelve months
next preceding the occurrence of the
injury. iMaximum allowance thirty
dollars f.$:it») per month.
Tite age limit of a dependent is IS
for a daughter receiving compensation
benefits. if the workman is under
the age of -1 and unmarried at the
time of itis death, the parent or parents shall receive twenty-five dollars
($23) -per month for each month after
his death until -'1 years; provided,
however, that such parents shall be'
pn titled thereafter to compensation as
dependents under the provisions of the
Act already quoted.
Should the surviving parents die,
leaving children under sixteen, then
the monthly allowance of $G shall be
increased to $1.1 per child with $.10 as
a maximum monthly allowtance.
In the event of permanent disability
preventing the Injured person from
performing any work at a gainful occupation.
Monthly allowance, if unmarried,
thirty dollars ($H0); if married, leaving
wife or invalid husband, but no child
under 16, thirty-five dollars $3.1). If
,the husband is not an invalid the
monthly payment of thirty-five ($33)
dollars shall be reduced to thirty ($30).
If tlie workman have a wife or husband, and, child or children, under the
age of 16; ,or being a widow or widower, the maximum monthly allowance
shall be fifty dollars ($50).
If the injured workman die during
such period of total disability, whatever the cause of death, the allowance
shall continue. .Upon remarriage the
allowance   for  the  child  or  children
ability shall have received compensa
t.ion for either temporary total disabili-j0f tiie working class
AFTER THE WAR—WHAT?
By  May Wood-Simons
It is estimated that $30,000,000,000
has been lost to the world in the first
five months of the present war through
the stoppage of industry, the destruction of cities, goods and ships, and the
actual operations   on   the   fields   of
the purpose thereof being to eliminate j shall continue.
as far as possible the securing of any |
privilege by political influence or!
"pull." j
The salaries of each coniiiiisisoiier
are fixed tit $,'1,600 per annum.
The commission has power to subpoena witnesses; may require employers to use such forms of pay rolls as
will contain the information as they
deem is best adapted to the work incident to the duties of the commission.
Hoth employers and employes have
the elective privilege of being subject
to the obligations of the Act, but
should they do so they thereby forfeit
all rights io the benefit* it confers,
 ThF^ppitPatron~or^\*71iffrTon8tT(irfe8"
"dependents" is very wide in its application, but in the ease of an alien, unless otherwise affected by treaty, Is
limited If the dependent if. a non-resident of the V. S.. and in such -jvent
oniy father, mother, husband, wife mid ■
children tire'ineludeil as belief len rie-i. {
Compensation Schedule
Where death results from the Injury
the expenses of burial shall he paid
In all cases not to exceed one hundred
($100) dollars in any case.
If the workman leaves a widow or
Invalid widower, a monthly payment
of thirty dollars $(30) shall he paid
throughout the life or the -surviving
spouse, to cense at the end or tbe
month .In which remarriage shall occur; and tho surviving, spouse shall
also receive six dollars ($6) por month
for each child of the deceaaod under
the axe or 16 at the time of the occurrence of the Injury, until such minor;
•hall reach the nun ot sixteen years,
hut the tojul monthly payment ahall
not exceed fifty dollars (|r.0), Upon
ihe temarrlnifp of n widow »hc shall
receive once and for all a lump sum
•equal to ten times her monthly allow-
ance, vl«„ the sum of three hundred
dollars (13001. but the monthly payment for the child or children shall
continue as bofore.
If the deceased leave* uo wife (or
hn#hand) but a child or children under
the Hue of sixteen yeara, then each
• filld receive* fifteen dollars (MS) per
mnntH with a maximum 4)t<nranc« of
fifty ($.10) per month for the surviving
tin) .rr n or thn workman under the age
of slxfett.
Tie  ,t!!oA4.tu« iiiiidv tu de|mnd«nl*
When the total disability is only temporary tliey shall be on the basis of
permanent disability so long as the
tot:il disability shall continue, increased .'0 per cent for the first six months
nf such continuance, but in no case
shall tlie increase operate to make the
monthly payment exceed 60 per cent,
of the monthly wage (the daily wage
multiplied by -6) the workman was receiving at the time of his injury.
Permanent partial disability means
tite loss of either one arm, one hand,
one leg, loss of hearing in one or both
ears, loss of one eye, one or more fingers, any dislocation where ligaments
ty or temporary partial disability by
reason of the same injury which shall
entitle liiin to compensation for permanent partial disability, the number of
months during wliich he shall be entitled to pay men ,s for such perman-,
ent partial disability shall be reduced
by the number of monthly payments
which lie shall have received on ac-
ro.unt of such temporary total disa-
hility or temporary partial disability.
For every case of injury resulting
in death, or permanent, total disability,
or permanent partial disability, on ac-
ciuiiil of which deferred payments are
provided for a period exceeding
twenty-four fill months, it shall be
the duty of the commission forthwith
lo notify the state treasurer In writing
of the amount required to equal at four
per cent, interest per annum, the present worth of the monthly Installments
payable on account of such injury, the
number of such payments being computed in case af permanent total disability according to the age of the injured workman, and iiivthe case of
death according to the ages of the
beneficiaries, .both of such computations being according to the American
.Mortality Table, and t-he expectation
of life thereunder, and in tlie case of
permanent partial disability according
to the schedule above prescribed.
Thereupon the State Treasurer shall
transfer from the Accident Fund to a
fund to be known as the Segregated
Accident Fund, the amount so specified by tho Commission. All moneys
comprised in the Segregated Accident
Fund shall be Invested by the State
Treasurer in the class of securities authorized for the investment by banks
of saving deposits under the laws of
this state.
Should a further accident occur to
ii workman already receiving a monthly payment under this section for a
disability, or who has been previously
the recipient of a lump sum payment
under this Act, his future com'pensi-
tlon shall be adjusted according to the
olher provi-jioiiK of this section and
with regard to tho combined effect ot
ills injuries and his past receipt of
battle.
This wealth is the accumulated labor
In less than a
half year an amount equal to one-
fourth of the entire wealth of the United States has been destroyed.
In the possession of the 'workers
this wealth would have meant more
life, better health, greater opportunities; in the hands of the ruling class
governments it has been vote-d to expend it in the destruction of human
life, and the tearing down of civiliza-
Here is muoh hope tor' the International, hut this is not all. Already
the' collection of the rents toy Belgian
landlords Is arousing the workers of
Belgium to the fact that, while they
are despoiled by war from without,
t-ha-t the class struggle is still on; the
moratorium in France is almost at ar.
end, and the French landlords are
pressing the families of the -workers
for rent, the French Socialists are demanding that the rent, for at least the
men at the front, shall Hie remitted,
since these men are preserving what-
e\er cf property France has; i:: Germany the Socialists find the ruling
government closing their meetings,
and suppressing their papers, and the
anti-war spirit has shown itself in
Frankfort and Stuttgart, v.: least;
finally, in England, the Socialists aie
demanding that the government jnust
iissumo absolute control of the neces-
146,000 Austria over 128,000 land India  be taken as a measure of their metafr
ticn. | sides   of  life   and   of  the   transport
When the .world emerges from the service; they point out that, while the
shadow of the war, the nations of j lOngllsh soldiers are risking their lives,
Kurope will Decome burdened with the | the monopolists are robbing the wives,
war debts. This will oppress the next {nud that while the poor make their
generation for years to come, unless
these debts are repudiated by the
working class.     A national debt re-
j sacrifices, the owners of coal put up
["tlieir prices.     Iu Austria hunger riots
sue severed or any other injury known
presents a means by which bondholders can exploit the working class, and
should the workers gain control of the
government of any one of the warring
nations the war debt would certainly
bc repudiated.
For fifty years tlie Socialists have
'taught internationalism. The capitalism of the world has feared this
growth of international democracy.
With nothing less than glee It views
he Socialists of many of the warring
nations forgetting now their internationalism and fighting in the trenches.
It believes that the Socialist propaganda will be ineffectual for years.
Thero i.s the mistake. Internationalism is not dead, in Uie. face of prison. Siberia, or death, the Socialist
members of the Russian Duma have
stood true to their principles of Internationalism, und have refused to
compromise with Czarism, in tho
name of patriotism; the Socialist
members of the little Servian Parliament have never wavered in their
opposition to war; the Independent
Labor Party of Great Britain has
placed itself on record, from the beginning, as opposed to tile war, and
nearly 133,000.
The total amount of coal .produced
was nearly 1,250 million metric tons,
the value of which is estimated at over
481 million pounds sterling. The
quantity and..value compared .with 1911
show an increase of over 63 million
tons in the output, and of over 46&
million pounds sterling in the value.
- The following figures show the main
sources from which the fuel supply of
the world for 15)12 was obtained: —
United States—184,865,000 metric
tons: increase on 1911, 34,560,0OP; value, C 142,835.000; increase on 1811.
£14,1(7,000.
Great Britain—264,595,000 metric
tons; decrease on 1911, 11,660,000; value C117,921,000; increase on 1911,
1:7,137,000. (The decrease in quantity
produced is explained by the fact that
there was a national strike which lasted six weeks in the spring of 1912. The
increase in value was also caused by
the strike' whioh, in some instance's,
caused the prices to nearly douhle.)
Germany-—-255,810,000 metric tons;
increase on 1911, 21,289, tons: value,
C100.778.000; Increased value on 1911,
, C 12.97.1,000,
'Austria-Hungary—51,669,000 metric
tons; .increase on 1911, 2,579,000 tons;
lurgical industries.
The total value of the figures may <
be roughly taken as representing about
1,047 millions sterling.
Taking coal mines for which the fi?-'
ures are fairly complete, the death-,
rato of the United Kingdom w-as 1.17.
and for the British ISiupire 1.24; while
for Austria it was I.-I8, tor Belgium
1,00, for Prance l.ltl, for Germany 2.44,
for.Ja-pan 5.64, and for the United Stat-
es 3.26. The death rate for foreign
I'omitiiles generally was 2.75.
In the case of gold mines, comtpletu
figures are only available for the British Empire. They show a slight increase in the death-rate tram 3.64 in
1911 to .3.68 In 1912.—Science and Art
of iMining.
are already occurring in many places,
and tlie same is happening in Italy,
still a neutral country.
It Is facts such ns those that are revealing to Uie workers of all countries'vn]ue- £16.895,000; increased value on
that the class struggle is not past, j1911, £1.298.000.
that the war has not welded the in-j France—11.145,00 metric tons; interests of the workers and rulers to-1 (,,'eai3e on I!,n- 1.022,000 tons; value,
getlier, and that the International ofj 125.577,000; Increased value on 1911.
labor is the great force that is making' -Cl.719,'000.
for human democracy. I    RusBia—31,297,000 metric tons;    in-
It is estimated that .'perhaps 5,000,-«crease on   1911. 4,775.00 tons;  value,
000 men more will fall in battle and
ntonoy under this act.    A_huahaM-arJ	
by sickness before the war closes.
Tills will mean that when it is all over
the number of women in Kurope will
considerably exceed the number of
inch. They will, as they are now in
(lie midst of war, be compelled to take
up much of the work in industry, the
field of their activities will be greatly
enlarged. Inevitably 'their participation In governmental affairs iwill also
increase.
" When these women of the working
class have counted the cost of this
war, in the lives of their husbands
and sons, when they look over the
wreckage of-hunianity that will drift
hack from tlie hattiefields, will anyone
believe that they, with their increased
has never ceased its criticism of the  powers In the government, und their
English   Government  for  tying   the
country up through its diplomacy co
a point where it could finally declare
war; and Jast, there is the group of
German Social Democrats, with Karl
Liebknecht,   that   is   standing   firm
against the war credits of the Kaiser's
government.
Increased knowledge of the evils of
war. will ever sahctiou war? They
will take the only position that the Socialists of the world can take, not a
man to he maimed or killed ln battle,
not a dollar of the wealth of 'the nations to be destroyed in. war.—X. Y.
Call.
wife of an injured workman who lias
In surgery to be permanent partial dis-'been deserted for more than one year
■V'itv. In case of permanent partial
disability the monthly, allowance of
twenty-five dollars ($25) shall be for
varying periods.
Arm above elbow joint or loss of use
of one arm and the permanent and
complete loss of hearing in both ears,
96 months; loss of leg, 88 months; loss
of root, 64 months; permanent or complete loes ot hearing In one ear, 48
months, or at tbe option of tbe workman, 1900 In a lump sum; one eye,
40 months, or $850 In a lump sum; loss
or thumb, -21 months, or lump sum of
$1100; loss of first finger, 16 months,
or lump sum of $350; second finger,
0 months, or $200 lump sum: third
rinjtor, 8 months, or $175 lump sum;
fourth fitter, 6 months, or lump sum
•1B0; loss of great toe, 10 months or
lump sum $2f»o; any other toe. 4
months or lump sum of $100.
In all other oases of Injury resulting
in permanent partial disability, the
compensation shall hear sucb relation
to the periods tinted in thia clause as
Uie disabilities hear to those produced
by tht injuries named In tht* schedule,
and payments shall be made for pro.
portlonatc periods, not exceeding, however, nlnety-slx M) months, aod tn all
auch cases where the period of pay*
meat ahall not exceed twelve (12)
months, but In none otber shall the
workman be entitled to a lump sun
equal to tbe present value of such
monthly puy«t<MiU computed at an interest rate of four per cent per .in-
nnum.
If aay workman entitled to compensation on account oi a permanent dl*
■r**ftf
prior to the time of the injury or sib
sequently, shall not be a beneficiary
under this Act. If a beneficiary Khali
reside or remove out of the state and
shall have beeu such non-resident for
u period of one year, the Commission
may In Its discretion, convert anv
monthly payments thereafter to he-
come due to auch beneficiary into a
lump sum, payment not In any case
exceeding four thousand dollars ($1,-
0(10), by paying a sum equal to three-
fourths of the present value of such
monthly payments, estimated as to
duration by the lire expectancy of ihe
beneficiary In caao of death or tiita)
permanent disability, and computad according to the American Mortality
Table, and on the basis of interoit at
the rate of four per cent par annum.
If Injury or death is caused by deliberate intention of tbe workman no
compensation whatever will be allowed dependent*.
If Injury or death Is caused by deliberate intention of the employe, tbe da*
pendent shall have (he priWlegea of
this act, and also bave cause for actios
against tiie employer.
The Commission ha* discretionary
power to furnish first aid. hospital ac
commodatlon, etc, to injured workmea
not to exceed two hundred and fifty
dollars ($350) In any one ease.
The Commission's duty la to invest!
gate all cisas where tbey bave reason
•o ballevu employer* bare failed to
Instill and maintain safety sppHanias,
and if compliance witb regulations is
not made forthwith, it than Is turned
over to the prosecuting attorney for
attention,
All moneys paid am exempt from
snltare on execution, attachment or
garnishment, or by tba process of any
court.
The Injured workman fllee bis claim
and the attending physician's doty is
to kelp him lo do this without charge.
Tbe limitation of making claim Is'
subtii one year subsequent to the Is-j
jury oernrini or aeeratag. j
Ti.* tmploiet mast iwfwn ail arcf-
i 'l-'.'.l* at mir, to th* Commission, tii-1
Caught With The Goods
Here iB a photographic copy of a letter sent 'by a firm of hell hounds offering to betray labor i"cr a mesa of pottage. The "Appeal" came Into possession of the original of this letter
through some kind friends. ,The letter shows that there is nothing these
hell bounds will not do for money.
-Please note that they offer to "make
history*," presumably manufacture riots
and trouble generally. You will find
this In tbe third paragiwpb. Be sure
to read tbe entire letter—H's a wonderful piece of evidence against capital-
lam:
^S,
Look for the Trade Mark
Tht manufacturer that advertieas an article
doc* so in the belief that you will btcoma a ptrm-
•ntnt customer.
It wouM nm nav in »*-».*»•*!#. ?c ^— ;.-<if-i iw
boy only ont picktg* of waahinj or baking
powdar, goop, ly$, tea, cofftt or cocoa. And to
•start your future pttrofugt, ht must give you
fuflvaJu* for your monoy. In other wocda, when
an artkk particularly out sailing for a imaU
prfct, fa odrortlmi, it is abaolutt ertdanca that ft
mutt bt good valut.
Bmmtna tht mmt and tht Trad* MarV 0*
tho gumma article as adverttaed   Yon art not
.^^^^m^^  ^gj^a^yj^^ ^n   ^-'-^^^^^-^aLg-n^-nA^^
MHw ^^IMWal w ^WWW*-WwWmw^pa
j^F <**' »««^.j^P „, tm^-t^**^ ^e*^mt'..*V!'tn**'''^
t Intr full dAtalla touching aana,
I   This jtiM"* «f n»m«HlIa! legislation
rit u'l** tin; utate of Oregon in lh# for*-
front iti t»» efforts to protect tlio worft-
*t* who hire hsd tb* tatufoftan* to bt
..„.,,,.   9,,,..-,   •<*,]netting   t*t*.-il   ontty J
'l' ' II. . i'ViIi   :,.■.,'*   Ui u.'J-WA   .-n****   9l,l*9l,V,<. t
■n tfi'w d*j«*iU«4 upm tbo brmtoto*]
l n*t should ib* MwMMt bm fatal mr ml
liwrmanent total dlsaMaaawt.
J   Tbe mnnn* for tba wpheep of tbls
mmitm; Tbra*Mpsart*f* fa contributed
by the eotftoyer aad ow#-«tgfeth each
by 'b* aorkwaa aad tba state. Tba
ttt* et eotnp-easatlon is appraxliwaielr
li per ceal blgfcar thaa tbe adjotaiag
s*al# of WssMaataw, aa4 fa siMftfmi
jthcivio ih#r* Is tba flrat ott ttoxnro
Item the metmnmA* vtetmytiAml
tetAtet nttnuuio*, laaa-
■hi as ismwnM* swrgfcwi iihsimi
tana nvtasaiiy
•mn*    bmmt   mnm^bmrmtm^ijt    tomtom
■Wl HPlfPH tipr
tab* fan
TIIE  0OHPO1UTION6   AUXILIARY
COMPANY
Chamber of Commerce Building,
Cl*v#land, O.. Jan. IS, I9l*i.
K. J. HretUI, Oen. (Mgr.,
■Brat-tell Brothers,
•Mingo Junction, Ohio,
Dear 8lr,—
Personal and Coofldaatial
Tou, ae dotftt, ara contemplating
operating your mines, permitting
sucb of your employee* aa ara will*
Ing to return to work, to do ao Irrespective of the arbitrary poettfoo assumed by tha leaders of tbe United
Mine Workars, In order to Insure
th# ittfNfiM of thl* ve»lt«t jr<w will
require assistance suoh aa this company Is prepared tn furnish, both In
the way of riving protactlon to your
loyal employees, as, no doubt, tbey
wtll tw molested aad pressure
brought to bear in every way to di«*
courage tbem and in reerultlng a
sufficient aaalber of wortaBas to
conduct operations. Yoa tffll alao
of necessity bave to keep youraatf
Informed as to wbat tba attitude of
ymir disloyal employee* Is and what
steps tbalr aa-ealled "leader*" will
(aka ta frwstraie yoar plans,
Wa bave bandied maay strikes and
hav* yet to Urn* n steft* oae. ard
many of tbeae strike* were won alth-
nut the us* of a single guard or tht*
dwsiruetkwi of one cant's worth of
prnpffrt.}', Anion« vn>«*»t tow stvib«>s
of national promlnrac* lb*t w* bnve
anions; our clients some very prominent coal operators who have gone
on record as saying thnt our representations are true in every particular, this despite the fact that we
have gained hut little •publicity, it
having always been our aim and the
desire of the people we do business
•with to avoid this.
dn conclusion let us say a word
regarding our industrial or community control service, which comprehends plartng men in labor and -political organisations with the idea of
having them work up to be leaders,
not witb tbe object of writing bis-
tory aftar somebody else haa made
It but for the purpose ot maWng history by influencing or dominating
that particular organisation. Itis
is a big proposition <but by no means
an eapertaent with ua aa we ara doing tbls today for som* of th* largest
manufacturers In this country aad
thare la absolutely no reason why.
witb tbe support of the coal opera-
tore, it cannot be accomplished In
tha ooal Industry.
Oar methods, aa you appreciate,
bave no placa lo correspondence, but
if you will write or 'phone us, appointing a time when oar representative can call so that your Una as
w«Ii »t our time-both of whioh are
valuable—may net ba wasted, wa
will be gtad to eiplala ererjtthlng
fully to you, aad know yoa will ba
lnt*r**t*d.
Anticipating yoar early and favor-
able reply, wbleb carrlee with It ao
obligation whatever, ateeptlng a
candid dlscaMtoa of a eabjtot that la
of vital laaportance to yaw, wa re*
(not stated).
•Belgium—22,972,000 metric tons; de-
pease on 1911, 81,000. tons; value,
,&l6,218,000: increased value on 1911,
£1,607,000.
'As regards Ute output of Bold in 'the
Ilritlsh Empire thero was an increase
of 2.1,4114 kilograms (817,079 ozs.) in
1912. but this is more.than counterbalanced by a reduced production in
several of the foreign countries, and
the net result shows n decrease of
4,382 -kilograms its compared with 1911.
Tlie total output of gold for Uio world
in 1912 was 712,483 kilograms (22,90Sr
S46) ozs.) of wliich tho value Is estimated at more than 97 millions sterling,
The Brit-lsh Bmpire supplied over SI
per cent, of the output; Australia contributing oVer 10 per cent.. South Africa nearly 40 per cent., and Canada,
'Oold Coast. India. New Zealand, and
Rhodesia combined, nearly 11 'per cent,
o'f the total. The United States contributed nearly 20 per cent., aiul^Mexi-
co nnd Russia combined over U per
cent.
In tho case of iron, thi* United States
jvltll an outnut nf nnnrlv an g.« mllllnn-Lti:
metric tons is considerably ahead of
nny other country. The German Empire with nearly SV1» million tons.
Prance with over 7 2-:5 million tons,
flrent Britain with over 4>-i million
tons. Spaiin, Russia it ml Suwden each
with over 4 million tons como next.
It Is important to point out that the
given quantities of Iron, and indeed the
quantities or tho other metals, arc
those which nre considered obtainable
from the ores -raised In the countries
In question, and must not necessarily
In a public  scliool  nt Brooklyn  a
prize is given each year to tho scholar
wlm, in the opinion of the donor, has
displayed ln tlie highest degree tliu
qualities that go to.nuilio up heroism.
The winner this last year was a girl of
13, Elizabeth Jordan.     Elizabeth had
not expected to win; she did not even
know that she had done'anything courageous.     It. is doubtful if she really
beliorRS-.it now, for Iter heroism was of
the perfect sort that sees'no alternative, and is, therefore, unconscious of
»ny special virtue In -the doing of the
"one thing to be done."    lilliSab^th did
not. rescue anyone   frani   death   by
drowniug or fire, nor tear a child from
beneath the' roet of flying;horses or
a speeding nutomoblle.    All that Eliza-
■l>etb did was to act as head "of her
home when her mother died and left
elglit. 'children and n blind husband ti>
be cared for.     Two of the children
were old enough to work, two others go
to school, escorted by Elizabeth, and
the other two stay  with their blind
father during school hours.     The i:t-
ycar-oid acting mother -prepares all the
family meals, handles the household
accounts, does most, of the washing,
mending and purchasing, and the hundred other tasks of the home.   And
sho Is not at' the foot of her class lit
school, by any means.     The prize for
her heroism   w«s   well awarded and
Elizabeth Jordan is the kind of citizen
thai makes llrooklynltej proud of their
home town.—Brooklyn Times.
(IW.—"-.Makes Ilrooklynites proud of
tlieir home town!" Ugh! they*, as well
as others ought to be -ashamed ot a
state of society which compels a'child
to he deprived of the normal pleasures
•«'''c«sary to physical development as
this 13-year-old girl must have been
siUsnd^o^h-a-Haasy-tltities-shB-nini
-•"form. Theherolsm displayed is
worthy or the highest commendation,
and yet, whnt a. commentary It affords
on (he glories of a civilization i'.l
which forces a young girl to a life of
drudgery and sptfalohlal during tin*
formative period of her youth.)
"Don't you find thut a baby brightens up a household wonderfully?"
"Yes," said the parent, with a eigli,
"We have the gaa going most of the
night now."—N, Y. Globe.
Yotr* vary truly,
Tba Corporation Aatittary
Coatpaay,   -
DAN O. ROM.
IMatriet4l*atKvr,
WOftUTt MINING
I'nrt i, Colonial and POraiga flUUt-
ik*. hwuucdi tvom th* How* OKI*,
„ ......  ... .._ .   nivmi oenernl tmtotimflem em-titi***.**.
*stitiie*i mm mig*t moauon tbe m*n I lba Rriaing snd Quarrying ind«*tH#* ijj
,->..*-: A»t<* HtHMtn' mt**** ii* i'un*-|ot m* notommm and foretga countries.
month, Obio. aad fNwet-lyn, v.v.; | Tke awasber of persoas eagagad ia
the PMnrmffln*** WmtttW stutter' ta j HuBsailmi* mA qaafvyiag at boom and
flrsad Rapids: tbe Taamsters* Itrik* abroad In 1*11 i«aeb*d a*arty In sail-
in   !ndla»apoll»   and   lb#   Uahb»r|lk**.    or this latal, twtrth *wi*w r
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is con*
sidered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
oo
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
i
J which
ataii*. it s
»»<m *•*•*«» stttaa in Aarow. I *■■»«»
flcar* of mr (wapaay are asaa «-f
repot* aad wa tet* a rapotatlm lo
snttaN wbleb w have bwllt ap b?
doing our wot* thoroughly at tb*
leett po'sIWc coat to tmt etteota. la
HmAllnr hbnr f.rnnhtm «'«? aim Jtd
krtag tfeaai to a weeeefal laaa* ae
•qnltA/iy fin te cm, fulli .ipprecMIu*
thai it Is only hy aai **iljUy to no*
co-mpiitb iM* tbst wt caa bopa to
aajay tba MMi* aatfoaogo of owr
ettaats tl* tm wttaiy oot totot*
«My Itwut ttot mAt 3a tfcf* state bnt
Ibtwtrtjbimt rfr* i*ntrntTT, ntimfiartOU
aoarty ow-ftfih trom employed la tba
tftttta-i Riagdea* aai aaore then oa>
third tn tb* British Aspire. It should
ba noted, bewever, lhat ao statistics
mnt^m  anmmonmttinnt^t obisv ji*^^^a|H*du|Hdhta ^^9*u.^m*t^^^09    j^ *-*■*---.-,
ww mmtomo. aty iwwsi oomttttno, V-V-,
Bolivia. Rraatl, Cbtee, 4*ftta aai ftt*
key, tu 'ultU'ti. tatatea *>* tmtttmA tm, and
lae neww givva graaaaiy mie coaaia
tidbit. fttMkH *d ■>■*• temk ta-tat.
Jfarw tbaa Oalf ot tbo MM oatar
onto easasstyiw sa gpstsiag oaai alasiei
Oroat Brttafa amploytag IjWMOO, tba
tlottat btntm n**rty tnm, Oomnny
omtty Illym froom o*et MM*, *■**
ak 119 i«U mu mjm. H*ltUm mm
Mmannrifii
TM District Ledger
"QUALITY" PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :-:   Fernie, B. C.
>, ,*,-WtJM$ nil
jjHjHM|HUffiS-# '■*IW' **™Sr'*      "■**■+*»!#«* "m##i*,i*' <» ' THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 13, 1915.
Page SEVEN
Skates, Sticks, Pocks
Ankle Supports etc.
CURLING
Rocks and Brooms
Best !quality only
Snowshoes
In great variety
*p—a———as—ss——m——a—m—a—■*■*■*
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware  and   Furniture
'Phone 37
FERNIE    -     B. C.
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
£?*!£!■ Merits of
Miiiard s
Liniment
.... .•»
A
Glimpse At The History
of lhe Dardanelles
In the whirligig of political events   iwas delivered at a great mass,meeting
the Dardanelles has been the theatre
of some historic events.. Xerxes is
reported' to have thrown a bridge of
in Vera Cruz, two .weeks ago (and
which was not'reported by the press
association) as follows:
boats across the narrowest part (less I "The hunger of tlie masses is the
than a mile) between Sestos and Aby-, biggest factor of all National revol'i-
dos,, 480 B. C.   Alexander the Great j tions. i-
crossed it in 33-1 B.C. It was (he scene !' "If we have not tbo courage to give
off Leander's classic exploit, which i to the people what belongs to them by
Lord Hyron imitated in 1810. : natural right and by the right of con-
Uy a treaty signed In 1841, no foreign  'west—for it is ih-ey who eultivutu tho
free themselves from the autocratic
rule of native and foreign plutocrats or
the revolution will continue indefinitely—'Cleveland Citizen.
USEFUL KNOWLEDGE FOR
PEACE TIMES, TOO
A. Macnell
\
S. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
•Pernie, B. C-
shi|i of war was to pass through with
oui tlio consent of Turkey. ' But in
1S7S a British fleet- passed, through to,for thllt tt'hich ls uuques-tionably theirs,   ton.
protect Constaiitincple from the ruth-
loss Russian (the adjective is changed
now). Todny the Allied fleets of-Britain and France are endeavoring to
force passage through on a very different mission, this time it is their pur-
Pom> tn batter lhe forts of the unspeakable (!) Turk Owe don't recall What
adjective was used in 1878) in order
that the wheat crop of the reformed
Russ may be released. During the
RussoJapan was the cruisers Petersburg and Smolensk passed through tha
Bosphorus and Dardanelles under a
commercial flag. July 4 and i:, i;i04.
They assumed their true character !u
The follow.'ng suggestions may be
oi Imei'vl to those who are engaged
in the work yr intend to take the work
up. Surgicu'i diessings, consisting of
large surgical pads, 9 inch by 12 inch;
sniuil surgical pa'ds, 6 inch by V ine*;
gauze compresses, 6 inches by 4 inches
gauze wipes; bandages. Material
needed, hospital gauze, 3G inches wide;
good quality non-absorbeut cotton, usually purchased in packages of six or
eight ounces: good quality absorbent
cotton, purchased in one pound pack-
earth and make it yield—they will con-1 -iges; material for bandages should be
tinue to clamor, always and .forever, 1'he i-lioapest quality of unbleached cot-
Large pads, 'J iucn by 12 inch
I,
Tlie Nationalization of the land
this is fhe program that our revolution
should adopt. All the lands from Bravo
to Vueatun should be confiscated in
thi- name of the people, and this regardless of Individual rights or foreigners' properties.
"Iiiti-riiational   complicatoiis   should
not deter us.     In the first place, we
have   thi'   right    to   do   Justice, and
secondly, at present the Kuropean ua-i the gnu'*'
tions uie too sufficiently  occupied in j alisor'ii'ur
wheu completed.    Cut gauze 21 inches I
wide ,by   18  inches  long.      Cut  non- j
absorbent cotton !i inch by  12 Inch, j
Separate tliis into three layers, as one-
third lhe Unfitness is siif"k"ien; for one
pad.
I'laie oi-". Liver of absort en: cotton '
in ecu lie of j-'iMixe, taking can- n l::>vt*>
tl»' longest dimension of (Ik* cot'jn.'
that is 12 inches, placed lengthwise of i
IMaci- one hirer of non-1
i
i-ditoii   next   ihe absorbent!
oi!»gii»mc a quarter."
But six wouldn't do it. Xow, ain't
that jes' like a woman? If ye give
'em the vote, there wouldn't be no co.i-
trolliu' 'tin. Dis'pline would he destroyed an' man's place as protector an"
provider fer the fani'ly would be for-'
ever gone. I read that in the Times,
bin it's my hcnl'iiu-nts eggsackly.        |
i'in an Anicricair. I be. As the lle-
claration of Independence says, "The I
man is tlie head o' the house an' guv'- j
mtints d'rive their just power fr'm the j
consent of the people governed." 1 j
<:on't w iinI no wlnimen folks buttin'!
into mj busines>. An" besides, jiolitics |
ain't n.o place ".er .wimmeii. Ii lakes!
them ft'in the qniei an' seclusion ofj
Mie i-hellerin' hurihsioiie an' sends!
thom oui into the iiiule-siioni o' life,:
then- lo light flier way agin' the erool ',
onslaughter of ambition an' greed.        |
"U-evc ihe inuie-sironi to the males,' i
sez 1. !
"All right." sex -Maggie.     "Then I'll |
go home to mother an' leave you to t
| pay tin- room-rent lies' way you can."
I     Now  ain't  that just  lil.e a woman?
! Who said anything about lu-r i|iiiti!i,''
: her job'.'  -X. Y. Call.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
THE  MAN  WHO
THINKS DIFFERENT
A radical is
Kohl ei!ges of gau/e aroiiml '
a iiniii -iiorn a little a he-id
Most people jn this world
conservative.-., hu: hern and there
I (if his time
settling  their  complicated  and  some- j eotion   ,,
what dubious affairs to intertere with : cotton, folding first cros-swise fold ami1' .
,, ,    , ,, [  ,        .       ,,    .      .  ,,     .. .       .   ; :ui:nn* prowices  the man  who  wants
us while we accomplish thc nob est act   men   I. n--t»i>vise  Ield.   No  sewing  is I .       . ..,.,,
„„,,..,,,,      '-Jiaiiste    in    UH'   established order ol
netessiry.     Small pad, (■ inch wide bv
of social justice done in these modern
the Red Sea and stopped a number of-|rilm?s-
j British and Oerman Ships, but ceased j    "Wt' »1USI fi'v«' li,c' 1;illl! l» Uu' Pfo-
' operations on  receipt of instructions ', l'lt?  following the  one  and   only  law
from the Czar delivered to thenuhy j whi(''1 should  govern   the proprietor-
liiitlsh cruisers near Zanzibar. Septem- -shil' "r tlie ian,J* namely '"•,UH KAUTIl
berber, 1904. , j IWLO.VfiS   TO   Ill.M   WHO   WO KICK
! IT.'
"If we are to believe history, we are
Turkey lias long been the stumbling i
block in- the why of Russia's coveted
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs *
—-Isje—©ur—Gaiwhrldgs—Saus*
age6 for tomorrow's break,
last.
C-*'.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood 8treet
FERNIE, B. C.
access to n warm water port, vigorous-
' ly supported by the statesmen of Great
: Britain loudly proclaiming the neees-
' <ity of keeping the Muscovite circum-
' scribed, lest he become a menace to
the tranquillity of Europe. Today the
exigencies of the situation demand a
i i
: complete somersault, and we have the
I reported assurance of no less a person-
i ase' than Sir Wdiward (Jrey that the
j long looked for privilege will be con-
| ceded permanently to Russia. As a
j boy we remember reading lurid stories
; of   what  might transpire should  the
We Are Ready to Scratch
if; you- bill any Item of lumber Hot
'ound just as we represented.   Ther*
rt uo hocus pocus Id
This Lumber Business
When you caut spruce we do not j .
uii       un.... ...... K,,-. isoiiRhi and which was so persistently
*eud you hemlock.     When you buj N.    .
•irst-class lumber we don't slip Id »
oi or culls.   Those who huy ouce (rom
is always come again.     Those who
7 inch long when completed. Out *
gauze 1.1 inch wide b} Ki inch long.
Cui [tun-absorbent cotton 0 inch wide
and 7 inch long. Cut absorbent cotton (i inch wide and 7 inch long: otherwise '.he small pads arc nini'c 'ike th«
huge pads.
Note. The absorbent cotton measures about i'i Inches wide when taken
fri in the roll. This can easily be
■-.'retched io 1.1 Indies, thus making it
possible to cut a large pail, !) inches
wiilc and a small pad. <i inches wi<ie,
f:o-ii o'ie width of cotton
Th":--*.' (ti•<'*.-'IJll.s will he of jU", .i,: il-:e
lo ihose l,u:i.'« Uiroughottt the (o.nitiv
who will undoubtedly take up thia
! reccveiy, -which is at the same timo an work. In Trn.uto there arc .iov a
'act of elevated .and practical pliilnn- large number of ladies' a-vltiiu cvh-,
jthropy. International socialism, ivhieli! who devote their time to inakirK Mir-
; comprises a large number of clear-;'sical supplies and the socie.ty u\i.-"s
i minded men who are struggling for eco-' thai Hie^e circles will be for.ne-i in all
now at the most opportune moment in
which tu realize the dream of free men.
who in all the ages have protested—
from either a philosophical or scientific
or practical point of view—against the
monstrous injustice of the earth being
i monopolized for the benefit of those
. who do nbt work it.    ll is our sacred
I duty to accomplish a task of National
i'Yaiikenstein be allowed caress fromy
the Hlnck Sea, which lie so ardently
! denied  him.      Whether  the  menace
j then has been aborted or whether onlv ■ ,!l"u some o!' his compatrloiB. but it is
I temporarily  placated  by the present;a <'ertaillt>- ^at the Mexican people will
.      .      ,„.„.„ jaefltiieseence. time alone will tell. ;r=——  ■....  . —	
nave uot yet made our acquaintance I
\re taking chances they wouldn't en* '    ln   lsi:' "'*' ambition of  Napoleon >
^unter^_0iejUhnughL-UisLrJu!nh*i-i^aS_£2a^^
'nomie equality in every country, wil! j the towns and villages tbrouaiioi-.t "ie
assist us in our task." ; Hoininlon. so that a contimrM p'.r»!in oi
It may be that Dr, Alt !-» y bit radi- j these be used by tin' Red t'ross hosp;-
e:il an:l  more advanced  in his views '■ tals in Knglnnd and in France, and also
for ilie beiielii of onr iVoiindPil C'ana-
di'in selnlers.
i
things aitd demands rliat the change tie ,
made at once. '
1'or his though,s along tnu-ouvciition-1
al" lines he is first of all  made very
lonesome.     In further payment for being a r.n'ical he often ferteits the e.isy
jiatli.   iilacid    thinking,   a   good   job,'
friends  and   ojber  things  that  niake j
life worth while. ' j
'llie radical looks at civilization as it
is and strenuously objects.     "This :s i
wrong,"   he   declares:   "it   should   be j
changed."   And he staits out to change'
it-
Those who accept tilings as the) are I
and sec no reason for any change what ■
soever, generally becau-e tiie existing
order fills their stomachs and their
purses, can't understand the radical-
who wants change* for the sake of the '
great inajoiity.
And the radical makes bis tight an.l
dies, and in thc next century, or soon-:
er, the offspring of the conservatives
wlio said "Down with lilm. he ss an irresponsible rascal!" accept his ideas.
Here's the moral of ibis splurge:
Don't always sneer at the man on ;
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OP ODD FELLOWS
Meets every \\Vednesday
evening at t> o'Hock in K. P.
Hall.
Noble  Grand, J.   I'earson
Secretary, J. McNjcholas,
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays iu month, at t> ;..
m„ in K. 1'. llali.
Noble   Grand- -A.   Uig-s
K.  Sec—Sister  -Price
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
.Meet at Aiello'b Hall second and third .M nnd ays in
each month.
.lohn M. Woods, Secretary.
Keriwe,   Hox  657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
.Meet every Tuesdaj at 7.30
u.ni. in tlieir mw: Hall. Victoria Avenue.
('. <\,  I. Comb-,
h"   of «., 1). .1, UlaCK.
Al. of l<\. ,la>. .Maddison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets   every    Monday   at
7::!" p. m.. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, K, II. Newnhaui.
Secretary, Cl. Moses,
lit)  Howland Ave.
LOYAL TEUE BLUE AS:
SOOIATION
Lady   Terrace l^odge,   No.
--.. ne s ,,. tne K. p. Hall
i.inr.ii  Friday ot
.,- .. i..i i.-.Si ,i! ,v p. m.
-:  ;  iiitooivs. w. m.
'!. Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Ten a pi- Linigv I ii:>. >,Meet
. ... iv l*. Hall first and
i:.'!■■! Fridav evening of each
month at T..'10. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
:.   CKiciiTOS. W. M.
J. SKILLINC, Itec. Sec.
i
i*.       ^3"
i  %:
X     P
ia3zaan^^f?rtii«igMg^Bggg^^
ists, working on the confidence of the
the soap box: he Is probably preaching' ',e0I,le' a,ui 'Jel,arti»S without telling
the popular texts of the day after to-. wliwp ,0 i'orward their mail.
JuerroH.    Tlie t'oasi Se<inien's .Joiirna!.      No genuine Socialist    will   use   his
iere.
T
KENNEDY & MANGAN
In 11*1*5 Prussianism is in the throes, i
1 What the next cycle has in store i
i for humanity is wholly dependent upon ;
| the development of understanding dis-1
j played hy this and succeeding gen-ira-'.
■— Dealers In —•
tions.     if the world is not to witness
Lumber.   L*th,   Shingle*.   Sail.-   ana !« struggle over-topping the pnnlc tra-
Ooor*.    SPECIALTIES—Miftuldinga, ', Se-ly «ow *>«I"k waged, universal en-
Socialism The Hope
of The World
By Thomas W. Willi.ir.is
      »n»-»g^a.-T^s= TPHTiy meitfofffsliiii as aTTaBSerio se^-
SOCIALISTS AS EASY MARKS      : cure'favors.     The man  who does so
*- - | siionlil be watched.     In  writing the
! ahovc we do not wish to he interpreted
j us trying to break down the confidence
One would think Hint a burnt ch 1:  tliat should exist between comrades,
would  avoid   iii"  fire.   '  Not  alwn}-. i We have but one desire, mid that in
It coniiiiuilly tal.e-' chances.   Skit-iilto rid the movement of, lhe men who
repeatedly skim the thin  Ice, regard-! aie instrumental in creating distrust.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Turning*, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson av*.
Oppoitto G. N. Depot. P.O. Box ?A
Phona 23.
Of
Dry (joodt. Grocer!**, Boot* ud
Sboeji. (lent*' PurnlihluKi
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT  HOSM&R.  B.C.
KING'S  HOTEL
6iM' wiittplled with  llie  l**t Wineu
Lujuoii* iuul l'l«iii'i?
DIN1NU  ItOOM   IN  (;ONNK(TIOi\
lighteunient, touching the real root of \
the evil Is the only safety valve and i John M, Collins iu .Machinists .Monthiy
tlie aim and object of every lover ofj Journal.
freedom should be to help in speeding I 	
the day when the slogan. "Working-j    in the December issue of the Journal
men of all countries unite," shall no
.JouceiLb* uttered, but in its stead we
shall have the federation ot the world
u» an accomplished fact.
Urol her Coldehoff, ji., states that Socialism would destroy'religion,'nnd he
also tells us to prgaulxe nlong the lines
of industrial uulunifiii.: On the union
<|iiextlon I agree with you, brother, but
It Is aniiotiiiceil thnt the organized jl do not agree with yon on the question
workers or Mexico held a national con' ef religion, Socialism Is an economic
ferencc and decided to foim n "red brl- (lioniuent and not n question of reti-
guile" nnd enlist uuder the banner of glou.' 1 have read the'platform* of the
CamuiRa. jHoelullst Party after all liieir conveii-
; Thex,M*a Ohrero, the National labor itliiiis. mill also the platlorpts of the old
less of !(>pci'.led   warnings or glarinu
anil lnhor is a living commodity. Wageia:,,l«,•,' HiKlls-     (i,,1<l brl''ki* ar,' Bti|!
workers need food, clotlilng ind shelt
er at least, nud because labor did not
get its share of what it produced, it
caused unions to be horn, thui c;»iik<
strikes and look-outs, an.l this takes
place In every so-ealle;!"Christian nation wherever capitalism is'iu exis-;
lence, and It dcesn't make any differ-*
etice whether you are a" ('atholic, I'ro*
sold in somewhat altered form. An
easy wny to fort une is a prolific r>-
venue produceY for the promoter a
pocket emp'tler for the "promote!1,"
Ho luiit'Ii for the prelude, now for the
texl.
Our Socialist comrades are ion mint-
lug, Any stranger who blows into
town, li'iilliig from nowhere lu pirtica
W MILLS,
Pfip
federation,  hns  lieen   growing quite iSoclnllst Labor I'lry, and I have yet
rapidly during the Inst year or two, de-! in see anything in :!i«m that is against from this Struggle was born tiie unions
spit* the chaotic industrial and polltl-[ ivIIkIoii. I don't know what you call I and a'wi »!•> floo-Ust 'iiovwiipiu.
jes! conditions thai obtain lu Um re \t lirlstliins, a* there are so many dlf-f Von siy. "IMcture Fruicc witli it«
'liublle, as ihe workers became aroused ! len in creeds tha' call thi>niselvos ! Hoi-ialHi gavensfSieui": UiU t* w»rt«.
; to the fact that tliey must organise l-ChrlHtlaiis thsit ll is very hard tu know 'j thing new to nie. I wish in say. broth-
'nml do something to safeguard Ihelr Just which of them ail aro the real fo!- i r, yai ire tudly Informed, us there ,*
tusiniii. or any other creed, lt is a claw.Ii,r- *'''.« )'•',,, « «'"» lm**m !""' mn*0'*
s.ruggle. The capitalist class wanu ."!>«•»» »»«-« fllJ"»" t:,lk- torm* '»u,,c d"
to get mi much-profit out of those that j "tiractloii. I ailprli. but then It does
work for It as it eaitruiid the worker "ot imi "» wk° " sei0"<J ,ook- lw,f!«'
want to get  as   much wage* a* thej j*° <Jo this than have noihliiis to Inok at
work for, lence tiie ilios rf:ru-Kislo,iiud ,a*'M* °"'
De».*nesi C\noot Be Cured
,-,- I'vat «i|'U.'«lli«i>*, .'* lltflf t'ttnmn t»**h 1b*\
*;i* ,,*nt i«ti|iiM •>( tbr* ifir. TIhw I* «w mm*J
»i.r t«-Mtti **-«rw<Ms **i (Ml t*m amuxmtUm I
m.1 tt'im^i^', l«iHifi«iMi l» *miii«wI br m IhIIiiw--* i
,'.* *.„|lll<"» *' «*<• S*>* l»-»l»« *tt iIh* liS(i>lii-;liMl»,
Tut. *   Viti'ii ibi* •»•«• I* Im*»w«4 nm ■***» n
•itu.|,lltii,- mmwl ui iMiirrfrti fenwrfs*. ■«* alum j
l, ,     ti-,*'*l    -1   "•   l   II'-jCi    -*   '.*   I'-*   Klf*'*1!,   **l\-
„*.\,9* tlm lii«n»m»llnH mn Im* '.Atn iwt nm I
■IUI. t-abf fM»i««4 X*> ll« »i|r«Mii rtmtlHltm. tmnr
littf will 1*. tntranA t*r*n«t »lw ***** «U »l)
1. i,   .«• <«««-> *J *•*- * '*t*nti, kMi-Ii l« *n*k',»t fcirf
■n InSinwd iWMlitli* nf lb* fronuM tmrlmt**.
xx'f *ut *l«- ****** mmtr-n tmt*** i«r t»r m
,,f i».i.ri*wi uaawn'br r*ftr*l l»»l ******* ht
«*.ir.*,l by lltll'4 1'iurrfc Cnv.   tt*** tt* tiNSJ
Iltf#      1fft'
' r. i. ntBxmr * vo., rton*. o.
*.»M ♦.>   I<t»jtf1«lli.,
T*n* IUU'» fnnOb IIBt *f«r,«**iiiiisiMii
991
tHILOH
kit tear.,.tatmtn....eon. ewen. nam mmm
tntn* ont tmm*.     n     n    tit mmn
Feruie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
rt *
Beer
and
Porter
Bottlid Sags i Spwiilly
] interest* rather than depend uiioii .in
Ueiily conclusion of peace.
i Many of the workers ns.irded Villa
as their emancipator up td the tlmt:
i that he parted company with Carranza,
ami when he nvielied Mexico Vlty they
hoeamp •iisplelous that he was gnditah
lower* of Jesus,
'I here is ti good simple ol Chri«tlaii-
Hy goltitt on in Ihtiojie nt the present
;ime. The r,mj»er<sr of (Sertuaiiy pra.v-
.ni; io Uod to in*lii kill off his enemy.
1" en we have Kins tleorge ol Kngtaml
pttiyluie to Ute fame Hod to h^lji kill off
ly lu ina dominated hy the liifliieiiee j his enemy,     I'laitlcaib  all the na-
' of   the   old   rnniK'ttonnry   Diiw-li'.ii vt;i. \'f .* Uu   .ifr ai ,,wy  n'i'.U u.Ui aiUia
\ ciiliffl mid American and ICiiropein ciji-1 are uiml Ciirlsilans.    Look m llie mil-
l lttlll*t exploiters, ' I'i-ii** ef Uves licit -ii-i* bttltw uvuffo■' «'i'
Knfinla also api^ared to the workers j >>    thooe   .tool   ChHstlaji   nations.
■tn a wal dmnoerat and slnwr» lu iils>(*ouhl itnyihliie he more horrible thin
•••form lo overthrow ihe old privileged   this Kurcjiesn *,;*r,  fhen we think o*
eh**e«.     But he seem* to hive con*
ecriied himself aiomst  wholly about
Hie sufferlna )«wr !«"»jil#» of Ih-lglum?
HupiKine we bsd K nl il«ni ami no 1'lnl-.
List of Locals District 18
»##**«•**»
M*. , Maun*
•»« W»lt**i>i'l ■■
tat nmt-tr vrtmtt
431 11*110*0*	
•mi Binmor*....
>«- timtmtn......
.m', i'«rhMMl*i*	
in*i', Imnwmr*     .
"tm -Cottomn	
ni" -voibtt,.	
1126. ihlnook Mtn**..
.i-li* F«mk»	
12*9 f*»»h	
n»,*.* mtktnnt..............
;y,x imbbMt,. ■	
11 M» tt*tbOmt* Celllertm*..
jsa* Mstpt* ImoI :	
****-31 Mtpf^ei...'*., .........
i"S," t t'ntob*»to........ .,*..,
l«-2 f'*h*r...,* ,
:t *+*. tttottntomn. VnO-fOPl.
»«*>;   Kr****** Mint.	
bno. Mi P. 0. Morom
e* ****,.*.,t, *.-   n, , *,*      *    **
,1, fiwrfirsfl, tH*n*ii*r f*rM*%   vin WflcWj', Min.
.inmm tbxtbn, t*w tt, Bellem*. Alt*,
i Wm. Afefctr. BI*ir*Mre. Alta
.T.U. Htm**, I'MMtwrs, Aha
.J. MMohall, C*rfM>ntf*l«, CoImmii, Alt*
Mlci**t#>* *'-i'"»mi   r-i«i»..«i   ,»'»•
iilie-«ell-Mna of Ihe inou* hi soiithem | tlau r. Iiglou, ««ml!  things    be    .im
j Me*lro nnd paid little hewl to the eco-' wor*e?    Vou nlil! ««* «t with lti4tvtifu.il
nomie conditions of the toller* 111 Ibe   pernoi*. >ou i.ai- n.il l«*hl Ibe brwih
j-rt'iitral and northern parts of lhe eoun- .en *lm ihe dwlaif-t tnor» m»»fit In »tl
i li>. »M«-k iiealwi ■*«» « siiufif of bi*  tntinir'e* s'and Imr
: li r <'lsj;i|ioliitiHent. j    I mi|»i«os»- tbetr •*"' no rrttob. lit the
f    «i»i»-»hlle riirtansa seems to have |ctirl*Mnii thurilt*   they niiiwt tw «ll
j*!t'tt*il ihe atrotigesi symiW'hy as tHejamt'Tl*.     Calllnit ?i>eiallsls eroult* i*
«•••»!  reHnWe and iitis'wnrihv ef the ' • ■ t in'i'h *>f n •■ .-• "isct.l ag i|n#; t^*!;
! f^wt'tn'lnt chiefs, *tt«! Is ta he »lven |-;«raic!p!«'s.
•rn'!nl .upper! by n "ivf t»rlm«!eM uf j     I'liocu r. I , r t'*.il to reid >uut ar
,   r»»iii*i'«l tttirkiiiamen lw«iii»^ be ti**\'.'*<-i". sn I know i'n* tee hsve at leant
I ("ittcornifil,  l|.llll'»l»lf    Milliltll,    lm:.'rtdiwltt«;    '       .'H'tV tv*'l'   lu   Mir    H'«;Ull*Ukin   *Ulv
ipMHfral reforms to Impt uve the" lot oft sue-i » brill' vn «»!«»<l thii tn» Is *n\**
ti«Mi iow**. i *, l••» a* ill sb'wil li-'rt Mnr«.', Hill*jii'».
,      i'iu  ,*.,,) tutr tH.ut, ,*,9ii i,»!*.tif V.»i»V lie* \ "******, WHit tmt lillll,
.iA.ik4 tk* omsH-i-anf Meakaw «oik»»r*i    » mill nny Hit*, tvo-.-hrr, »l yan »o«|il
tin i(mr,'!;* In t*ie wo:Id with a ,Jociai-
:»; t-«,v**i'ainen». If tin »• .it-p- S-'-
I i;ll!f* gtlVeS'liuients ill lI'.Kope t,id'..
iariv .-.lllll'5 ie 10 fciajs* er ladull- •
;n.; in * ar*, Anil I lor on- beji-i"
.}:'*; i"ty t'tiun-li that up'.n»!'!< „ s* > -1»- * i'
•li:i! lie iif* IV if. U II i»! -'■    *"•   ''•'(»*
i.S Ji »u»'.
. i   \. ...  „,.l    ><,!!   R.I.IH-   i.Hill f.'  tu  lil.i.k
« ,'»;    ChrisMsn nntlnns now at a.ic:
>!:-i*'ii ilj'ti;)!    !*r.)'i .-t.'i.•;.'**. ;'.i.',-tt'i,'*'''i,
U"ttt in Catholic-i. .".iMwi.tMsi,   lit rinai
I'rtueHlaiiti, Kt.iMMi.iHio;  Cai.uilJf ?, ,1*-
, :i'i*M.iiiii.  i.-t.'igiiim   l'n*t;ei>t4tiU, i*M«-»*',,
'•■iholl.'s, «,*(*i,whi,     ItUiila   -I'roi-*
* in',   t.wm.isiu;    Catholics,   I;',*aMi,»i»Ki.
'Sen'a*   Pnili'Slatit*. «.Wh.»;   V.:i:'.wl\t*,
■now*,   Aui!ria.llun»ar>   «'r»i* <**tii-
olli*. 4,^im»,mni,   ltii»«iM     in-ik Csth
lltn,   nt.im.mm   an»i   Hetvii,   Uui,
■ r-i«>i(i'*r"», I 000,01**.
I thoiii'l *a> litis l» •uitifthiiiii ■■» *»■■
fil-u'l*! of.
TIIE MALE AST I
Oy Ch*rt«» W. W«o*
"lliu Inliin" lets no former habttii-'
tIon.     lie ro.inii*.     Ile is always lunn
intt imstiireH new and ttneii.
The Ho'iali^t party if the caiitinu i"
pie* iif ti hunch oi ttraltern who «»!;«•
■ilvHt'ii" iif the confidence of th,.'
twsr" i< *■! *>n" iii:it,i> nu 1'isj livliiv.
' * C'liii- '■:' :lie*i' fe b■«■•■* ur: hif«<1 '»•'
«.,i|lil,«' 'o I'" tb'.» thins. Oth'-r.i
a iiii an ".mj "'ii, • ati'i Im'Iio-h* "i e I* ■■
i    ''-j i-i -> [*, K'.iod *'ii»t' «n ocean iiii il
'unit ticket let tm »sfe*i«,irt i»tr
■I'lU'liii'iii i'l see en ninll l'i a wi*'*
Hon of tt'M-'t until tn  nii>di»"i■» -ent'i-i
.'.i.i'.,.       *'.■" t*   ■■'-'•••   - fit*,;*, i.   ..... (, .»■*.,
Iiailuii       Hni'in'ieK  *iiwihl   t»e mhh-
I pi'jlc 1  I ii «'n rn*
tf'rt'ttt ri-^orls 'u hand there arc tt*:
' *<«n\ iiii-ii wim ni«',e it lM*«i! of f'«i:tt>;'.!
lul"  * ■<■■■.".., v f-lt-'l'-'g. f.» 'ir H.-.'.x'
Are yoar bnnit champed,
cracked, or *orcf, Havt jroo
"cold cracks" which open and
bleed when thc ikln I* drawn
tight? Hav* you a cold *ore.
fro*t bite, or chilblain*, which
at times makes It agony for you
to go about your duties? If so,
Zam.Huk will give you relief,
and will heal the fro*t.datnaged
skin.
Mlts D. fitrojsa, of East Hans*
ford. N'.S,. writes: "ity hand*
mere tw badly chapped 1 wa» un-
abk* to put them iu water* All
renn-di'-« filfeil tn h*nl until I
triwl Z»m-n«ik. !,i**e«*r*»c*
v.ftii t.i?, twlui cotuplettly heslod
tin* tor,-*,'
KtM-tlak h»*ltcats.h«rai,br«liM,
cms* r* !•■>«. »rti«-». *n*nnm .■«•*•,
C»M Wl-/t. (rati ki»». **4 sit tit*
Si..i»*» sa* ls|irt*». Rtfase ta«N
»:nmr».  Al sll Jf u*«i«i* sa* stores,
|i«  i*.-.
AM BUK
Zrm.lltTZnmsn'ZSL* \
filVta UUIbMttllEF
■ ■■g";i""
'tr if*,** th*'*,! Un wtt Si PwmtM ms*,
VI.
K-
\. thfti „• ,t,t n*n.i,Si
.. J, JofcMtoa. Col*****. Alt*.
. R (Jsrhltl, Cofhl*, IK".
., P. 8vanston, Chinook .Mines, Commerce. Alt,
..tben. li*ll». Imrnl*. tk C
.. V,rnn Mortnn. Funk. AR*.
.M*ek Hlgler, llillcmu Alta
U Moore. iui &nit mventat, ri, l^thbrWf*
. .frt.rfc INrHnthanv, C«*lbtir«l AJta.
.yr.. it. llarrVw. P***%B-ni. AH*
. Rfeftafi moot* mobA. ft c.
... r is. ttmttm, fnmmm. AMa.
.. A. rtomtooo, Ttobot, AJta.
..Mai Mwuer. <»»on*l-*wa. Oootomb, AMa
Jaa RewslH^, Sortom. tin notlty Mno*t*l»
flown*. Alhfftl.
!»h# Iwilnnitit mai** by thi» Hmt tfblisf i**e how ie *affire! Jn trjina tm ih«»*
Ito intrndiiie the rnlled Kiates s>st#m ' (!«■ «;>ihJe*i *'■*■** ' »* '« ««i.*wlj*»t--
>.•«, ..**.. mm*** m-mmum, lu mi*n*l tn* t t»wm*«risi»». ntui tl tem ttnrw IW"M an*
st»**t*f prlrtk*nrs irinie.l ia Rath* I ff!lf*%nlt -»*. t hi'*** ;h»»m. I ihink ym
snd lure nt, Hnd-afablx>rt and eaplrst-' *o-«).i rtisntf " " mlnA
lsi» bf lifa* and llwrf*. and to rm- • v»* in m»:«wi<Tn I »»»jw ih'- <H>
»»*-ijwt**' tb* peon* trom th* treat nt*] *'SA whw arrive *b«*i» »H «*«• «»*irk'
tat-** rontrnlted by rvthrlM* l»»t««- {*m »|ll $*** llw » «*«itj of indastrl*.'
fffm» inA Tttirnt* InAMtttinU, imt mil   ; •»''!•'"'■ in      p.'.yiu •*. .tM ;mu , • •"■ •■ .,*.
inn i**m mawer* of tb* wMI tbty ltd f i*» think *hai» «n«r* astot*** it i*Mb
1*^.  - **rv-y,*« ft  ."ff'ffyv. ;■)» shti's. ,1'f..;  -(.*'**   '.,.  '.,*   :',*.:'a* .*-*       V«*i --J.,   ,.**■■
A* nn UidifniiMt ol tb* Hn* afj•*(«*« bn**nmi m* *bm. bmwr* «n»| h**t-
ibe'igkl that |if«*»I!» **BO*t tlw Car*-'*** m*om*. V*i •■*>- »S»*i *rjrf5<-f- nntm*
nsntaias *t* m*mml. *»d tfc*« Is *t»«jlw*'-" tn*r*mnt>.t ih** prtr* mt lnbor 1
nA*n tbm matbm* to tk* IVMNMiUKtomK»nbm *n* thw* ♦* ttm*. mn tlmt tmt*
M rnnorn*,  w*  tony  qot*t+   fittm  tit*VjAi:,n<:. ,'>':,■•*• ml lUkw.. *.*&*y :%-i W'wi
I.f*-*p*b *4 llf   VI, *r*ee*t**r*1 irffft  ''»'>    **;  • <• fin:> i f'rv ' 'h*- 'if';  ''!t'V;H:,.i
| *4l**Mr> *>t t'mrtion NM*tto*<*, wnttb pitta, that pmAttm U * i?*«<t'-f-oi*iin«*lit)'
V«.■-«*■ v.   i**»'   rigbl,   I'm  itstii'   *%int-
*t*t*l''***   *l   tlt."-.9i; |   *,***»,  -*,,    l»*.    ,*»*-.,  "-     ,,     *
• «•! t's»» in «»i»*i\ hv lh** »ff»n*»* i«!>' It*** ''ell
. |'««>|»iii>, mi' i* *«i,i«*l» iii m».i»n»t*i -jr'-wt I!
; twii nln't %*t-Oi*1e.
1   *.<**   iriiie    *>«»•  i»»«l   xtiHiMi*   shiJjj
' tuoriiiii'. Je*" "fort" ab*. :*.ni »« ■*!»»'" ,)i
I(**l     •il.'Dt^n'*    J,**..*.*     ■*.     .-     ■(.,,      **,**;  ,
"\\> ntn't nttfur,  ttnuie" -b,-  u** ||
■•*;»•*•*  irttt tt*it  %** j»>'-»  m"  »,*    ■* " \\
' "i !<*|et| in*" 4'hiti'm-H*      Tti«i"»   •****>
l*tn out h or kin' an* tin* «;:. 1*| j - *?. t* ;.-
lit* aiflnm."*   Xo*. >»lit'- »:i.it jh»*«" ' k- fl
' .. -aomiiiht   MU** think!*' t*t Um* ,t„.«   ||
w       :..;* i, ., .',.     tt,-' '   *,   *.*, 1 .     *■* < *,,
tMa* tb-nf* hffi-'pMH1".',
ir ... .*,„ -. M«>   .*,••*,It,      <i«  I *'.'■   ,l*% * i
OjOimtit,"   1   '"«.        "l"Sll49»tl>    *WA'»H*j
**-: '*,   * « .* " a ::t'**f*4 -tt.' t'i    I*..,* - •-    4   I
( ", A u ~,-t'f" f tr,i-t.      -1,.-- tut- t'iV* a '■
in-- uir** t tf*. -"i ',<f,*<p! t>i -i-i- ,* -I*.nil
. '.   ,-   >%i-  tUi*m*-,*> J*t*'*-.,  Jt   >>■■..   :t:\    *■■■
,       ■*.,,*'*,■ *fc.  .>* ^.  W*-*»   b,i,**,*   ^ W,  ■*, ■•*<-*   **  ,*
V.
Handicapped.
Tlif merchant who does not o&wttiot b d«lil>-
trtttljr putting • icirtft handicap on Mb -own
tucctu. Tltt "Shrinking Violet" method* will
not attract trade. You may havt tttt bttt that
money can buy, and expert knowledge to uwist
jfOM tn tbli*.king thtt vety tmenx in your tint, Imt
unleaa yoa ttll people what ywp ham fut, oAmto
tu 1't.nti you. and why your* t* the be*t. the good*
will rtcnain on your ahelvea. Ptoplt must
KNOW*, and thb paper it at yowr service tot
giving thtm the nectsaaty information.
11 fO*.H V "oA* i*-a.f*f:»." I eft,   >■.«*•* (j Rf
vrr-
if
f V
i
""
Page EIGHT
V„.-A£.    *'  '
,'  *,; 7Asf*p-
ww
~'.. i'tP** **??!&** -y ~- ■ *\" '^^^^^y^^y^*
'        -*-       .       v '       ; -ud     '" ' ' .'   --*. -,
\' '        !  "-  ,   <    -     *.        l L-* ^      ' -*H.--     -     ~-    ., - "ft***-- .'.Vl1^'      ' -"      ^t       '       }/'!. ^      **   ■**'   -.  I~\    ft, . t   l'*-^      ^
<*tt
if
«* <
•f
mr
I'V-
ft
lii"
b
3
-Ai
tn.
MMMOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0, MAKOH 18,1915.
it
EASTER
Dry Goods Dept.
DAINTY WASH GOODS
Just arrived another shipment of the latest in Wash Goods, including Rice Cloth, Lace Cloth, Organdies, Serpentine, Crepe, etc.
PRINTED  ORGANDIES
Extra sheer nml'very fine quality. ("'nines in stripes-and Dolly
Vimleti effects.     The colors are absolutely fast.
Special : 20c. per Yard
NEW CREPES
In a very big range of exclusive designs. Pomes in a nice, soft
finish, very suitable lw the present style of dresses.
Special , '. 7 Yards for $1.00
UP-TO-THE  MINUTE  NECKWEAR
We are now showing.a big range of tlie newest neckwear. Healed
effects, are in high favor. ■
Prices from .'.'..' 35c. up
NEW RUOHINGS
There is n '>ig demand lit' Hie new pleated Organdie niching. \<o.
are showing u special line in black, while and ecru.
Special ..............: 35c. per yard
READY TO WEAR DEPARTMENT
BLOUSES
Ladies' Blouses in the new tailored effects, niuUe in fancy vesting
and pique.     Sizes, 34 to 44.
Prices   $1.00 to $1.50
MIDDY BLOUSES
A new line of Middy Blouses in good quality of Indian head. Xeatly
piped in red, navy, sky; others with contracting collar and cuffs.
Sizes, 8 to 16 years.
Price  $1.25 to $1.50
PETTICOATS
Ladies'. Petticoats in good strong moire; wide and narrow flounce;
come in black, navy, grey, brown.   Regular $1.00,
Saturday Special *..  65c.
HATS
See our window of FIVE DOLLAR HATS in all the new stvles.
Easter Hat Styles Fop Men
Xew York brought to Pernie is
the way our Hat display has been
described. This is true witli "respect to styles and color combinations. The latest blocks in colored and black stiff and soft Pelt
Hats are on display in our windows and in our Men's Clothing
Department.
Select your Easter Hat now (We
will reserve it for you if you wish)
,,...,. v.,v^^v.vv-'^\**-fc*-V.\
See Us About Your
Easter Suit
Wo make clothes to your men-
sure; give you perfect fit and satisfaction. "We do not. ask for any
deposit. "We are agents for the
best made in Canada Clothes, 20th
Century, Coppley, Noyes & Randall.
Our $25.00 Special is the best
ever.
Saturday Specials
Laurentia Milk, 20 oz., 4 for  ,     ,25
Laurentia Milk, Hotel size, 3 for 25
Robin Hood Porridge Oats,, 5 's, 2 for -     .25
Robin Hood Cream of "Wheat, 2 pkgs     .25
Mixed Candy, per lb ;    .10
Tetley's Cocoa, V2 lb* tin 30
Canada Pirst Catsup, pints  .* 20
Ho'lbrook\s Custard Powder, per tin  20
Cooking Eggs, per tloz 20
iJi'bhy's Sliced Peaches, 2Vj lb. tin 25
Libby's Sliced Pineapples, ty± lb. titi 26
Evaporated Peaches, per lh 10.
Evaporated Silver Prunes, 2 lbs 35
Cranberries, 2 lbs 25
Holbrook's Herring in Sauce, 2 tins -. *. 35
» i
Cross & Blaekwell's Jam, 7 lb. tin $1.15
Heinz Pork and Beans, medium, 2 for ,....    .25
Carrots, 16 lbs ,     .25
Turnips, 18 lbs.  25
STATIONERY SPECIALS
Writing Tablets, reg. 25c., for  15
Pencils, regular 20c. doz., for ' ■ .10
Scribblers -. 6 for     .28
School Boxes, regular 35c , 10
Initial Stationery, regular 35c. box , 25
Patriotic Writing Pads, regular 25c. each 20
Patriotic Envelopes, regular 10c. pkg 2 pkgs for   .15
The Store of j
Quality     I
^
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
 BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL. NATAL AND COAL CREEK	
Money Saving Prices
The New Era of Freedom
By Robert Hunter
Tha recent issues of the American
Federation)* are frantic with joy ov»>r
tbe arrival of the New Freedom.
Surprising m It may be to the work*
ers, tbey ara now free imnn. They
have been emancipated--without war,
without revolution, -without excitement,
and without turmoil.
Their chama bave been atruck from
them, They may not bave noticed it,
but it"« a -fact, ao Mr. Oompers tells us.
And C-oagroae has done it
A new emnbclpatlon proclamation
bas been written ireater tban tbat ot
Lincoln.
"Tbe. tabor of a human being Is not
a commodity or article of commerce—•*
ao runs the proclamation. And there
yoo are.
"That statement." says .Mr. (tampers,
"Is the mott eweeplng statement of
freedom eecarod by the workers -of any
toad."
Read It again. ll> putting that innocent little aeatenee In a single law
the entire business las been done:
and Lnbor ta now freed (rom Its shack!-
ci.
Congress might also have written
lato a law tbat all men nre gcotlem**
Or that tbt world goes round, or that
tie awtfd doeent go round,
tt might here Aid that sugar is aot
a commodity, but on the contrary that
sugar Is sweet.
It might Imve nald anything true or
fats*, yet It would not have made the
false trim* or the true false.
The faw nnfn tbat the labor of a human Wint te net a commodity Bet
ibe bitter fact Is tbat mfllleM of men
tn the mllte, mines and factories are
still telling tbelr tabor.
And bitterer -till are tb* million or
more enempteivi she am tbla day
seeking ap and down Uu- Und to And
•someone to boy tbelr labor.
Moram ef, iituNmnAn upon thee-teai*
mt otttbmte ntm tmAnr Hwvtffwr te rntm*'
tbe price peM tor their labor. wWI*
mam,,motoro ont tOMAnm al) over tbet present wK-tet ey«tem t* a system ef
w-orld arw farming names in order net slavery, more binding in lis effect thai
to mil met* thaa * or * Itoero ef j*»* of ii* pn*4e*>«-*»or*. laier chat?
labor each day. tel slavery tbe attempt might be made
Leber trine* rati**** pv-to**—ia * «» ram ««*? mbital w<A*e mote* afaiawr*
momm fAmm nt low at ten eengi an j tbe vfrtlm H compelled to fn gftif
bMr |S etbmr piece* m high *• fifty Ms "chalet" m tbe vhape ot . fob.
rent* an bovr, f The owner ot tbat to wbleb T mnt
ft is being booth' and told every jhav*. term. In order to obtain tba
day In th* veer and will nmtteee tone j mean* whereby I Uve owns ase body
bontbt and aotd deoptte '.'be tltUe ten-land soul. Ile 1s tbe mnot*r not I tbe
Utwv *likll Mr. ClusB,**^iVi .my* U tke! tXnte, *.wmyWi\\a*A u» i*nm*,',i «Hb ble
moM tweapteg staceawnt of frsodom | dktatee or tmm tto nfteraitlv-o ot
wmmieti by ibe ewltefe e( net bed.    ,•UiveiMne.   Ibm seeone tlaat tbo tfee-
| A staple statement like that would
solve the whole race question and h leaner the blacks would be whites nnd
everything would be all right. Thai
would be the most sweeping nettlemimt
ever made of the race question.
Unhappily Mr. Gompers l& quite
wrong, The above statement changes
nothing and It Is not even "the most
sweeping statement of freedom secured by the workers of any land,"
For over one hundred yeara now we
have In our fundamental law a far
more sweeping statement
In the Declaration of Independence
it was written that all men are created free and equal. And tbat stood in
the Declaration about elrthty years before the blacks were freed. Even
then that job cost a civil war.
It stood In the Declaration om hundred and thirty-eight years boforo Mr.
(tampers got Into the Clayton Rill tbe
new aweeplng statement of freedom.
If wen could be made free by words
tbe labor problem would bave been
solved In 1771 But men aro not made
free by words, or simple statements or
aweeping declarations. Nothing Is
cha&ced bi nuiiU auU ybintmn eriUm
Into laws or constitutions.
Ubor t* still a commodity and will
remain a commodity so long ns capital-
Ism esists in the yorld and tbe labor
or men h bought and sold ta the mar.
ttet
Aaa-telr France ouce wrote that the
Ia*. in its majestte equality, allows
the rich nun ns well as the peer man
to iloep under bridges, to steal bread
snd to beg In the streets.
Stmt think tbat over, it 1* one «f
tbe wtsest ottemnt** of our tlmn. And
dont be deceived by buncombe—<Am-
eriean facialis!.
WHY MClALim WONK
PON A CHANG!
tion of the population or this world ia
constantly on the verge of hunger and
starvation. If we could hold to the
doctrine advocated a tow years ago
that if a man was only diligent, honest
and persevering ho* would be sure to
succeed, we might survey these sickening sights with some measure of resignation, but who Is foolish enough to
advocate that doctrine now? And if
It Is advocated what man outside of a
lunatic asylum believes ItT And what
we must not fail to bear in mind ls
that our present poverty, distress and
unemployment are the result of rapid
production of wealth, and not lack of
resources. During the laat twenty
years the wealth of this country has
increased at a marvellous rate; a: a
raio out of all proportion to the lu-
cease In population, but what in the
result?—the strain of life la yr-tater
competition, a keener struggle ror existence more Intense than ever. To
remedy this state of affairs Is a beno-
fHent and ethical undertaking, and
one that merits the approval rather
tban the disapproval, of all Christian
men.
Suppose an Inhabitant ot aome
planet (though we do not know tbat
any such are In existence) were to
come to visit tbla earth be would
iiud MMnotblag tbe matter with it.
Aome people are well, some are tick,
Kome have plenty, other* are starring,
and worst of all men are cruel to eneh
other. l« women and to Innocent ehll-
dten The world we are living in It
a world of plenty, and yet we Hnd
poverty becoming mora acute ermy
yiar. Wbat la the cause of the poverty? Tbe cause ef the existing eon-
ditiofs ef poverty Is tbat a smsll sre-
Hon of the people own *'ce mine/, far-
lorte*. ile milts* ani 1b* wor*#t«!»
and are thereby able to irtw unto
themselves a grossly unfair portion
CAMPBELL WANTS TO 8EE
SOMETHING' DONE ABOUT.
THE COAL 8ITUATION
KOMOXTON. March 0.—Yesterday's
debate on the speech from tbe throno
was unique ln that It produced two
enulnely constructive addresses. The
speeches of Jean Cote (Grouard) and
Itobert E. Campbell (Rooky (Mountain)
atoned for the volume ot empty words
which have been the main thread of
the debate for several days.
Why B.C. Timber?
.Mr. Campbell congratulated tbe
minister of education upon the developments of the policy of technical education for minora, a policy which Mr.
Campbell hsd laid down In his first
speech In the legislature. It was being successfully worked out and bo
had hopes that its extension would be
continued until lt completely covered
the field It wss designed to serve,
Ingoing through the public account*
for 19111, Mr. Campbell came across
Items showing tbat timber was
brought In rrom the British Columbia
pud of ihe Trows S'est Pass and used
in bildges in I*c St. Anne, <8tony
Plain, Vermilion. Vegreville and other
districts. He desired Information as
to why timber bad been bought ln n.
('. and hauled to northern Alberta
when thero was plenty of first class
i.uiM-t in be had tight in lhat district.
The Ceil lltuatlsn
"For Instance," said Olr. Campbell,
"there Is a great mining Industry In
this province. It embraces HV, per
cent of tbe known conl area of tbo
mm. I fceltcvt, as a cltiien of Can-
ads. that It Is tht duly of tbo government cf Canada to protect thnt groat
asset. Aa yet tlw poeelblllUee ef tbo
conl Industry have only been wcratebed
is <tbl« province, but In spite ef tbla
fact tbe seines Knee been idle swoet ef
tbe winter not lit miners plaoed in
eerloos circumstances and In distress
of national weeltb Tbe destitute erelbecanee of lack of employment. Ani
destitute beennae tbe rich nro overt »btte these coadiUoea obtain, 4 wonld
rich. Tbere hi plenty ror nil and tbe j call tbe attention of tbo boose 4c tbo
workers should denased tbat industry f fact tbat over fifty -per cent ef Ibe
be eondncted lo supply thejcenl mod in Canada wna Imported from
agriculture In Which he states tbat he
h:iB linen (successful in getting the rail-
-v' <r freight ratea on bogs. If
he can do lt on hogs, will be not bring
the same arguments to press for a reduction of freight rates ou coal? His
success in that direction would Indirectly help every miner Jn tbe province, because it would increase the
mnrket for Alberta coal, nnd tbe miners of Afiierta, I venture to suggest, are
entitled io as much consideration and
as much effort from the provincial
government as aro hog growers, Not
to depreciate the value of the farmer,
I would point out that statistics In Alberta show that the productive value
to the province of every miner Is 12,100
per year, and ihat of the farmer approximately $700. If we can Uke the fig-
urea cf the Scientific American ab authentic, the world wrde figures show
that tho average annual productive
value of the miner Is 11,800, nnd that
of the farmer 1100.
Wrong Method of Relief
"Consequent on laok of employment
In the mtnea tbere baa been distress
smonR the men. I brought tbls condition of affairs to tbe attention ot the
government, and It haa taken the des-
tltutlon of the mlnen Into aome consideration. I ennnot cay- thnt I tm
prepared to approve tbe methods of relief adopted. Those men wanted work,
uot charity. But tbey were given
charity and refused work Wben very
neccsiary work In tbe various districts
conld bnve been done at no greater outlay thin tnnt applied In charity. Re-
tween nellevne nnd frank, tbere ia a
stretch of road to bad tbat It cost two
lives, livo or three hundred dollars
wonld have fixed It
Compowetttow Act
"While dlectdselng winlag matters, I
would recall tbe fact that laat aeaalon I
introduced a reeoletkm calling fir tbe
creation of a commission to completely redraft tbe workmen's eompeneaiHon
set. Upon resetting tbe aesarnnce ef
the government that the Matter woeld
be taken np, I withdraw tbe roeotetiou.
U Inert sad operators are both agreed
that tba preaent net ta meet wnsntiafac-
OFFERS SCHEME TO
GIVE EMPLOYMENT
Montreal Man Suggest Public Works
Appropriation of $100,000,000 by
Dominion, Provinces, Cities
MO.VTRBAL, MurcM 8.—A credit of
$100,000,000 for the construction of
roads, subways, bridges and the like
is the proposal put forward today by
Controller Duncan McDonald of the
city board of control; to take care or
the unemployed lii Canada. One-third
of this amount will be voted by the
Dominion, one third by the various
provinces and one-third by the different cities where tbe unemployed
problem Is acute.
The figures that the various cltlea
should subscribe ore aa follows:
-Montreal ...... 86 per cent $ 8450,000
Toronto 20 per cent    «,«00,000
Winnipeg 10 per cent,    8,300,000
Vancouver .... $ per cent 3,1(0,000
Cnlgary ...... 6 per cent.    1,650,000
8t John 5 per cent    1,(50,000
Halifax 6 per cent    1,850,000
Regina  R per cent.    1,850,000
Kdmonton .... 5 psr cent    1,150.000
Quebec B per cent    1,850,000
Miscellaneous . 7 per cent    8410.000
Total  $88,000,000
Tbe province would be held to subscribe as per above division oi tbe
funds (or as may be otherwise arranged) as followi!
Quebec SO per cent $ 8400,000
Ontario 88 psr cent    8460409
Manitoba ...... 10 per cenL   840,000
Brit Columbia. 8 pir cent. 8,840,000
New Brtmewick g p«r cent. 1460.009
N'ovb geotia .. 6 per cent.    1469,009
Albert* ..5 per cent.   1419409
Saakatobewaa i p»r cent 1469499
Miscellaneous . ? pir cent   2410.000
99 l
-Jan. M. Conner J people with tbelr needs Instead of a tbe l!'oMei tts4ee.   The recetis shew hor*.    To get reenlta ro^Mree allege-
——.- I tear -arllb w*m* nmA MvWmlla    -*-*•* I tbst    nmm*oielm***tt**   10 AM nm   imt I tha* tee mtntAt Went-toe     eM
Tb* floftaHats botdtv assert tlmt mr \ ta what tbe Christ meant whew be «M4 t mined at t4*.*S*.«-M», were Imported -f award* aw eaten ep tn legal fees.   I j
TWal ,,....,. $88499499
Tbe suggestion li made in an open
letter which the Uontreel controller
has *4dreeaed to tke federal premier,
the provincial premiere nnj the
mnyoro.   It reads, In pari, na follows:
**! propose to suggest n remedy that, — ■ »*> n MllHrT
wen!* tide s» over the prassnt Sitrtl-ltLaw>- »"* • ktetlWNNhir who wis
fb^lenttfee arttttrmt ib* tmm* mmiom** I "W*6 '■ 90000b. fhe fet-tee <ew» n nil*
their actual domiciles.
"Notwfthitan-jhnf all that may be
said for or against It I maintain that
the present exceptional situation of
distress involves the responsibilities
of federal, provincial and municipal-
authorities aud the remedy to be applied must be supplied by Ute co-op-
erative credit of those three.      *
"I may repeat what has often been
said, that our workmen require work,
not alms, and 1 believe that our federal, provincial and municipal credit
can stand the draft to be made upon
them for this work until we have
emerged from the universal tnltt
which Is danwnlng the present time.
"We bave voted millions tor war
purposes and liven mlUtone tor pa-
triottu purposes which no patriot begrudges, and we are prepared to give
more. We have faced the wnr situation in a confident and heroic manner, let us face the Mention of unemployment and distress ig a business
way. If our collective credit can stand
It (which np one -will doabo. It la
up to ut all to promptly scbre the
difficulty."
Mr. McDonald propoees thnt the
amount should be secured by a 10,-
year loan nnd suggests th secure a
higher bid tor the loan "that all three
ahall be Individually and eererelty re-
sponsible rev ths tat! h«MML"
In conclusion ke says:
"This suggestion |« Inspired by (he
preoccupation lhat to naw wmopollt-
ing the minds of til theee who have
tbe question of pKMte weltore ud vie-
fery nt heart and It ls, I am sure, the
greatest desire ef every tm Canadian
te come te the mm aed bfply aome
remedy nt the opportaae time*
UUfVUt LADT9 MOTHM
KILUD IN ACTION
Mre, R. Ifccltstoa received word
thit week thnt her brother «obert hid
been wiled at the front Re wot a
•car officer ts tbe navy and wn* WU-
ed on November 11. Hte. BooUsUm
lest * flrot couiIb, mum at tb* same
"1 Imve eome that y* might bare weltering tbe vear ending April, tttt. To
and iuv* it mere ebnndaatiy." Tbe | my friends opposite, Mr, Speaker, who
•cm ssnlarity ef the workera hove net jar* free (relet* who* eel ef never eM
rselteed yet what It is te live, tbey | protertleniets when In, H wmrid esem
If torn
flee Leber thee farther Is -neatly satis-
Be*    t snsebl cagajttt that thc negro-
*n larieg thai Mee* is *%**.
of ibe tedtrttael is
Why. then, should we agveeate a
M^kmh^^^ib  mammtb^Oi siAmJI JtOnt^^jk.*^^^^^ *9^^j9imi^ ^   ft-^Mib     jatatttt-tnmmkmmmmmt     ,^^^^^mL^^^mi.*Of      OtO ■, mil i,, *■.,,-      k*,      Oim,      j.h^
■ww turn twk tmngroes pi«t a nt uiiieteei system' necense n is an
> 'laitap-ctah-f* fact ttet a Utm
the cry banded down from the age*
which ie pro-yerteg the way asrd •eking the paths straight by geesral econ.
ossic Jeetke aai aot by hoggfaA aad
*!>>^uuj^^|   ^g-—|——gmjneAg^^M    man^   ^m   jy^li*^*  A*^
aeew»llsb tMe taah th* rtertoe cry I*
MMMded "Werbeve ettlse Wert* timio,
te leee bwt peer
hovad to protect thta mlnmg innndtry
efCsweda. f w<wfd f*K tbem that th*
Omni Trnak railway to boralng Pennsylvania ceal te hanl Iks car* oat ef
Mnawten, aai that *ther raitweyi la
■A^^k ^m^^b ^^m ^M^^m^mAm Jg^|b* Jl^A fl^wA
f*lw WWW w4W» ■HPIBWiy* Wmmjnom VMi I-WPm
tbat* en ahwMtae** of 'coeV for ibeli
&|f  AA  f^^b^^jl
^9  Mf   VMMMVar
eee eome legal frtead* smiling. Per
roe iniorwancn ot tae nones, 1 wvu remit ef $1499 tbe beaefklavy received
ewtv tTe* Th* root wewt a* in Mien-
iionrses. trtt ttnot peetlbletapro.
sent tbe ect ibis eesedee I trast that
tbe gD-rerrament will ptaee tke matter
In the bands of a commission of competent men ea that It win be
rare tte next eeeeiee ef this
Asnantaaw Meeaee sme Ittmrnm ei mm
Provincial Comft Rvi*e aa the Ilk
iesi, te Tboamt James nuraca ani
mtt jdHkitMi j|*^g|H
w* mn ihviv
WmW   *BBKg    Ww^fflm^^M^^^7   wP^-^^^Hf   ^HO™.  W***^*
the taaat et thean Is that ef fralgfcl rat-
ea, T have In my band what perpom
ie he aa ietewlew with the mlaietev of
Hy. Oreea. et ▼at*
o-eever, tieiW*re<i ne .mxwnmktm tno.
WW0W1 IRIiipilnl my nmMtAWW* vn^Mp
leet evesrtag ta th* Armr Cltaiel, af
tht ■stntloa txmr latetnitloatl Con-
beM fn fcMfct, SMUtwi, ton
to ear national, provtaelat ani mw-!'»tt »■ **• fy aai eenateeroi at
ntetpei credit and fnrotah wwtt fori** awbteek ef the van ttm *we
tho neat year te tkt eeewployed, Hr|f*f-f kai ll tai i9 year*, rotpect-
•roi approximately at 19*441. eee> ^'J* *9 »«rrica. The people ef
Prising alt tbe lent cms* la C*a*ie,f *>• ««P »Uh to nieai their tym-
"H   wwsM   roetlre   e»vt*nltmt*la 1»»»» *• *>* hsteeeel tetodieet
to
910*0*9,909 ta lira
199499 an far IS 	
991.199 to nmm tot worn tal
IW400499 to tf9,M0400 for nmterial
work.  TbU ssseeit sheeld be
stvety rnoA im tic c«*n»tro*ttl«« af
levee end ail meeMpel. eaberbaa ae*
pahMe wariM ef IMt aataro la aai
aroaal Itna cltlea, ear. sritfctn a toA
NM ot SI mile*, ao as te mmt wm*
wuviv n w ww9% ftfffwVB* in»wnii com*
tm^ftt-mtm    *a*v^^nMmm*0^mtm        #A       JNL|Mhll^^^^^^^^tfU6    mtl
^9bbtm^b ffffrimll    s»   mipiiilllll Vi
TtNMNI WANTtO
Par the Kaieetfetgf pf Ooal Cr«V
PahHe •ckaele, teme t* be deee tnv
lag Ike Maeter rseeae (Le. April ftd
to April i*tbi.   Laaeat iMitr mt
n*mnm¥Af nmrmftoA. UMreii iH tea
Hi* t»-^, wnibereegh. Hnitlair ta
noeri«fTro«m«i.OeMOraeftScheels.
Tsaiers maM ta roeerni aaf tottr
H ptotaiy oe tbe

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