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The District Ledger Oct 10, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A;
' ■      T '     ■'"'"■'«■■*      ' .* i'
■'.' . u "- S.Ov-*^''
" -'   -'4--<"J:--*315'*'   '
Political Unity Is Victory
No 6, Vol. vm.' ~ 'He/*
Pay Road Tax of $2 to Get on Voters' List
■r   '-'•>
The Congress was opened by J, G,
Montague, President of the Tra-aes
and La'bor Union of .St. John, who extended the usual welcome to the delegates to St. Johns. ' He then introduced the Mayor of St. Johns to the
delegates, who extended a hearty wr!-
come to those assembled, throwing
the town open to them, and, saying
that he waB sure they were intelligent enough not to abuse that privi-
'President Walters then took' the
chair and gave a short address, asking the delegates to endeavor to do
the *bu8ineB6 "which might come before the Congress Intelligently and to
try td avoid repeating themselves on
uny one question, and above all, to
avoid personalities. He then read
out the names of the delegates appointed to act on the different committees. The congress then* adjourned until 9.30 a,m. Tuesday, Sept 22.
Tuesday's Session
.The principal business on Tuesday
to my mind was the report of the Executive Committee of the Congress,
which among other things condemned
the war as unnecessary, although
they .recognized the principle for
which the Allies are fighting. The
following ls a resume of what they
had to Bay on the matter: Of late
years it seema to .have beeu a race
hptwcpii the advocates of peace and
common sense methods in settling International controversies, and the advocates of war, with their lust, for
power and greed for profit in constantly preparing for tt.     The war
lords of despotism broke the tape a
little ahead ln the race, and plunged
the world-Into a fearful war.     The
worst,  according  to  indlcattOnp. of
nny struggle known in history. When
the history, of this appalling conflict
cornea to be Written ono feature of
the gathering atom before the terrible crash, which-.will shine as long
aa the world lasts, waa tbe common
opposition to thia war from the working classes   of   different countries.
Tbo labor movement   all   over  the
world, almoat alone, waa   tho   ono
stout advocate of common sense and
peaceful methods of settling theso
diaptite*. Thero oannot be any doubt
that this force, a product of Uie unity
ot totereet* ot the workers the world
over, will gathor an Impetus from the
lessons of thl* struggle, which will
mnko It for Uio first time In history
tho dominating force in the world.
institutions which have beon on trial
for years utterly failed to atom the
return to barbaric methoda of settling diapotaa,    Th* preaent position
of the working claaa Industrially, and
tho awful atruggle proceeding in -Europe, whioh la felt in ovary corner of
tbo world, Is n standing Indictment
of the wtanaaagment it the irant na-
tloae by th* ruling   elaeaes,   whoa*
Ideas of Borornmont nro InoapaM* of
dnaNnt with tho problems of modem
society.    It It fair to assume that
Just na th* workers In Cansds review
with horror this tragedy, so do tbe
woricers Hi other couatriaa Involved
No dodbt nmid tho bloody dsatrwetloa
of tb* Bower of manhood oo tbe ClmMl
of battlo, la Iho drtoto of Mooa\ amid
tho craohlec and rending of *u*l end
lion, and the earthquakes which do-
twllsh tho patient work of ooatarie*
of gloriens sreh,t*eture,   amid   tho
* tears of orphans, and walla  of tho
widow* that hundreds of tbouaaada
of eoUler* aad as manr wag^eam-
me, tmm et aurvlag to m$ th*
pric*. wOl rom-maWr tht raaaMUati
tbey vot** for In eonvemto* aaeemb-
lie* and eeteee et workmen: lhat If
aonwchsaUecaplUUatsoftbe world
cause al war, that tbey bo allow**
te de all tho flghUag.   AeAtmmt
UM*   tm**   *   **ttt*ltl ******    4...V-*    «■*«•
ihv nm timet If wWr M*Jr* ***<*
thowar? JUnH thia horror, yew nt
nootbn eeeem nmnmi that th*
OemeWm rontttm Rt mm emm
ef war as a nmaa* of aettllag
no place in the 20th century civilization. Great Britain and .France are
fighting together, as they must always stand together, for the forces of
democracy against autocracy. The
workers are not for a moment willing
to change their present institutions
for German despotism, and desire
that the German people should have
the way made clear towards their
freedom. This is evidently not a war
of Great Britain's choosing, and with
the inevitable struggle now on, we
express the hope that the despotism
in Europe will be hurled to its final
destruction to make way for constitutional freedom in all the countries in
Europe in preparation tor the last and
great struggle of the working class
to secure their own actual freedom.
While ready to move in co-operation
with the woricers the world over to
end the struggle, yet, at all times
our great, care should be the workers
and their dependants at home in this
Wednesday—Morning Session
Wednesday's session opened, with a
strong plea for the organization of
women, which was made by Miss L.
O'Rlelly, of the Women's Trade Union
League of New York. Miss O'Rlelly
gave a striking description of the
work which is being done in organizing women workers in the United
States. Sho proved herself to be a
, ^-.—
Fraternal Societies Will
Assist Necessitous
It is with pleasure that we report
the decision reached by one fraternal
society in town to assist the most necessitous cases of distress prevalent
in the city of Ferine. The society in
question is the Independent Order of
Odd Fellows. It is not the intention
of the brothers' to make this a charity,
but to follow out the dictates of the
order and assist in distress. Other
fraternal societies will be asked to
c6-operate, and it Is to be hoped' lhat
as a result a strong and energetic
committee will be formed to handle
the distress that threatens this town.
The usual inquisitorial methods common to those who dole out assistance
will not be countenanced., although
we have not the slightest doubt that
properly handled there will he little
attempt at imposition from those seeking aid.
Amount previously acknowledged    ,  $6050.80
Lethbridge Local 574   244.50
Georgetown Local, 3026.... 15.00
AU contributions should be sent to
A. J. Carter, Secretary-Treasurer, Dist.
18, U.M.W. of A., Fernie, B. C.
Strait Gar Fatality
at Lethbridge Alta.
pression on the members of the Council. She pointed out the possibilities
of unorganized women crowding men
out of employment by reason of the
lower rate of wages 'they would accept, and intimated that the cure for
thie menace lay iu tho organization ot
female workers.
W. It. Trotter (Vancouver) read a
report on hia organization work. He
had endeavored to secure the affiliation of the Maintenance of Way Employees Association, which had been
accomplished. Tills -was an important year for the Congress. On be-
half of this organisation Mr. Trotter
Introduced a resolution calling upon
the executive to endeavor to secure
for tbe Railway Commission authot'-
ty t° regulate the length of sections
and the number of men who should be
employed to keep the road bed' in
condition. The matter waa referred
to tho committee on reoolutlons.
Secretary Draper submitted hl*» report ob finance to September 15th,
1014. trhe following Is a brief recapitulation of financial condition of Ibe
Congt aaa:
D. il ccntrlbuted $1811,61 for per
capita tax. Alberta. 1182.10, Snsk
katehowan, 1130.85. Manitoba, $.161.75,
Ontarld, «1,M2.M. Quebe% 514.&5.
Now Brunrwltk. I9SJS. Nova BcoUa,
IJtT.,63. Interastlonal unHna headquarters $'0,249.35.
Tbt br lance on hand Sept. 13,1 Pi St.
waa" fisSfttO-ft. Receipts from per
capita tax. charters and auppllea. 113,.
The A. V. ot It. grant for legislative purposes waa $«K», *bll.» the interest on Dink depoalt for jiar wat
$2W>.3i>, making a total of reaolpta
tnm all scurcee. $$T,7I3 ll.
Tho total expenditure was f!t,?fit!3
leaving a tr lanoo In th* bait* on fl«pt
mu.. imi. of $io,hi.<m.
I wonid like to point oot at thia
stag* that oar own iatemattoaal on*
Ion ii paring tho second blgbeet per
oaptta tax te tho Trade* and labor
Coagreos of Canada, tb* amount paid
tor last yoar by International for Dis-
triet 11 triag $I.M4dT. You wl'l
sin not* that lh* After a K* If rail m
of Labor paM HUM por capita laat
jear. Tho greatest potCji of this
was alao paid by th* minor* of Dla-
tiki IS. tbm Vm mtamwothit* wilt
LETHBRIDGE, Wednesday, Ow.,7
—Last night marked the first fatal accident in connection with the operation of the Lethbridge ^Municipal
iStrest-RailwayT^Mhea-AJithony-Bolen Sflrman™army,_wfcich-!t-^was-th
Latest War
While the world awaits news of
the great battle in which the English
and French allied forjei and the Germans in northern France have engaged for 26 days the meager official reports from the front vouchsafe little
information of the actual operations.
Today it is a small piece of ground
lost and tomorrow the same ground
has been regained. Meanwhile the
French forces are moving northward,
but are gaining, little to the east,
which would be. essential to the outflanking of the German right wing.
As a matter of. fact General von
Kluck, in command of that section of
the German ,armjr"f with heavy reinforcements whlch'.foave reached him
in the last week, has taken a decisive
offensive and day* by day the announcement is ma'de by the French
war office that "the violent engagement continues."  -.
The British official bureau reports
that the French artny is fighting with
the greatest dash and bravery, but is
silent on what the British are doing.
JThe French officials report an advance on certain points in the center
and the retaking of the ground previously yielded In the Roye district.
Masses of German cavalry have
been recently seen, near Lille, and behind tbem German forces moving on
a line between Tourcoing and Armen-
tieres.     This important unit of the
ka, a Russian miner from No. 6 shaft,
was knocked down and fatally injured,
death occuring at an early hour this
(Wednesday) morning.   The accident
might serve to break the French line
(the French report) has been held in
check and to tbe north of Lille has
'been driven back.   On two wings it ls
Pay Tlie Road Tax And
Get on_ThB Voters' List
If you are a resident of the City of
Fernie and desire a vote you must
have your name on tho voters list.
Renters and license holders are entitled to vote if they pay the Road Tax
of $2.00 or have paid their traders
license! They will not be put on the
voters list if they do not make a declaration before the City Clerk or a
justice of the peace. The city does
not put you on the voters list when
you ipay the tax, you have got to go
and make a declaration. If you have
any interest in the welfare of this
town you will see that your name is
on the list. The Council decided
when they were collecting the tax not
to collect from married men. Remember: If they do not cotleot the road
tax you will have no right to a vote.
The Road Tax must be paid before
October 30th, If you are a property
owner and are not on the list you
should make the necessary arrangements to get your name registered.
happened at 7.30p.m. on Tuesdays nt j added, the German attacks have been
Adams Park, on 13th Street north.'! repulsed.
Bolenka and a friend were homeward
bound from the city at the time and
endeavored to pass a Blue line car
that was backing up.    The car must
have paaaed over one of his limbs,
which waa completely severed, and he
died in the hospital during an operation.  'It haa been the custom during
the construction of the 13th Street
subway to back the ears on tho north
side from the terminus   at   Adams
Park to tbe subway.    The conductor atanda on tbe rear platform and
warns all traffic of the approach ot
the ear,     When Bolenka started to
cross the street   the   conductor, A.
EJmery, aounded the gong and gave
the signal to the motorman to stop
qutefc.    H. Gurr, the motorman, received the signal, applied the brakes
and reverted the motor, but it waa too
lato.     John Waahullc, of 912. 10th
Street north, witnessed tho accident,
and he states that ho shouted to tbe
man to stop.    He also say* that be
heard the conductor Bound the gong
and give the signal to the motorman.
Bolenka was taken to No. a Fire
Hall on the oor, where he was attended by Capt, Lindsay until tbe ambulance arrived.    An Inquest win be
Tke City Council
The northward; movement of the
French line ,brlngs'*Ifi'<!tbse to the "Belgian frontier and colncldentally there
have been engagements hetween the
Belgians and the Germans In the environ* of Ypres, 20 miles south of Os-
tend, and at Oudenarde, 15 miles
southwest of Ghent.
While the Bust India troops have
reached France and may already have
reenforced Field Marshal Sir John
French's army, operating In the neighborhood of Soissons, the whereabouts
of tbe Canadians, numbering about 33,-
000, bas been a matter of conjecture.
It is now announced that they are
about to be landed In England and will
be sent to an Island training camp.
The situation as between the Russians and Germans and Austrians is
somewhat problematical, hut a very
frank statement from Berlin admits
that the German forces on the frontier
of East Prussia have assumed a defensive movement and that they abandoned tbe bombardment of Ossowela,
a fortress in Russian Poland.
This statement adds tbat tho fight*
Ing at Augustowo and in Suwalkl was
ot a most sanguinary nature and that
while tbe German machine guns final
ly turned tbe tide of battle In favor
of the Germane the alaughter or the
Oerman arttlkrymen was terrific. The
movements of the German troops were
greatly hampered by the physical condition of the country.
.The thirty-third German casualty
list contains 10,600 names In dead,
wounded and missing.
Berlin alao reports that the fighting on tbe Oerman right wing tn
Prance baa beon auocesful, and that
In tho aaaault on Antwerp two moi*
fort* bar* fallen Into German bands,
Tbo Belgteb government baa beea
D. V. Mott has returned to the city
after an absence of over a year.
Reel five of Our Mutual Girl Series
at the Orpheum Friday night.
See the Thanksgiving Offerings in
the 41 Market Co's. advt.
■Pat Lynch, wife and family have
left for Spokane.
It is reported on good authority that
the local armoury will be comenced
thlB fall.
"A    Million   ttlit "   thA _hlg_.flv,Q_,.an1
Vitagraph  classic  will be  shown ai
(Ite Orpheum Saturday night.
Air. Mayer, immigration inspector
of, Fruitvale, spent Wednesday end
Thursday ln the city.
iMr. Selwyn H. Banwell, of the firm
ot 'Macneli and Banwell, barristers, Is
spending a few days in Rossland.
G. M, Brookes, of Gateway, Mont,
collector of ciiBtoms at that port, Is
registered at the Fernie.
De Burle and Co., merchant tailors,
have closed out their Fornlo business
and moved to Taber, Alta.
Aft Bruce, Inspector of public schools
arrived In the city on Saturday and ls
registered at the Fernie.
J. P. Lowe, Dominion Express Agent,
left on Thursday for a few days duck
shooting at Pincher.
W. R, Owen, roadmaeter of the G.
X. Railway, spent Friday and Saturday
In the city on official business.
The merchants of Fernie have decided to continue tbe Wednesday half
holiday until the end of November.
Tbere will be a sale of home cook-
8. P. OF C.
The Saturday night dance of the So
cialist party will be held in the Socialist Hall.     Ladles free.
Lawrence Hautzinger will give an
address on Sunday night next, subject: "War and the worker."
The "-Million Dollar Mystery" series
starts at the Orpheum Monday and
Tuesday. Two reels will be shown
each night—Monday and Tuesday.
The 41 Company Butchers are busy
this week killing chickens and turkeys for Thanksgiving. Place your
order early.
Chas. Hunnnble, local manager of
the Crow's Nest Trading Company,
left on Tuesday for a vacation at Vernon, where his parents reside.
The Fernie Coal Creek Excelsior
Band gave a very appreciable concert
in front of the Grand Theatre on Wednesday evening.
The Fernie Rink Company held' a
meeting on Wednesday evening, when
the lease of William Rohichaud was
renewed for the ensuing year at $500
per annum.
A party of sixteen boy scouts, in
charge of Assistant Scout-Master J.
.McDougall; left the city on Tuesday
fpr l\Iorrl6sey, where they will camp
out for the next ten days.
R. ,F. Green, M.P.. for Kootenay, accompanied by his brother, Mr. S.
G reen. arlved ln the citv on Friday
Contractor Wanted to Reduce Wages
From $4.50 to $3.20 PervDay With
Bonus and Men Refused to Accept
—Militia v»as Dispatched.
evening from Cranbrook. Mr. R. F.
Green's call at Fernie, we understand,
was in conection with militia affairs.
He returned to the Coast on Saturday.
Chas Pjfo and wife arrived in the
city on Friday evening and are registered at thae Fernie. .Mr. Fyfe is tin
oUt-tlmer of .Fernie, for a numbeooi
yeara he was city ticket agent. He
Is now city ticket agent for the CjP.R.
at Edmonton,
G. O'Brien,' superintendent of the
Fernie Rescue Station, goes to Michel
on 'Monday next whore he will hold
classee of instruction In the use of the
various tyipes of rescue apparatus used
In this province. Mr. O'Brien expects to remain In Michel for one
E. Mallandalne, of Creston, ind H, G.
Parsons, of Golden, came tn on Thursday evening and took ut> the question
of organization of companlci to be attached to the 107th Regimen', with Lt.-
Col, Mackuy. Satisfactory arranif.-v
monts were concluded and the two gentlemen returned to their respective
towns on Saturday morning.
At thc regular meeting of the Fernie
Ing, candy and tea at the Methodist (School Board the salaries nnd accounts
T*Z«? ^ITt,- lL"'«-i£» itZJwimmmtn m -mmmm ft tm
wornm* nmm m -mw ••«■»•» *^"* ammtm*u na*     t*%m, *>Mki*fa*
cnaaot etm ttm. tad •» $eetem tbem L,",,il *"*    1-1 •*••*»»«
stnotoa H Is necooeary Mr th* vw*
tag blem among Om groat natleaoof
U, world to eome to aa nadowtaad.
tee. flUt w deeiat*. nt any mumiit
IM nfctftltaf claaa hi th* othor tmrn-
triae taretTsd mak* t mmm to aM
thfo atMNfti, thst we la CaasHa art*
wapsmt* ta tttt mor* to eM this
wntWe eeeim m eoeetttf m pt*
■mtn.   Wo mm tmt vmt te
Tbe regular meeting of the City
Council waa hold on Thursday even-
Ing of laat weok, all tht aldermen and
mayor being preaent. The first bflsl-
nss* waa a kick from tho residents of
Dalton Avenue complaining of Uio condition of that thoroughfare. Tbo
eity engineer waa Instructed to remedy
tbls aa soon at possible. It mar be
mentioned that Mr. ftamoay baa had
all tbo worh ho conld pomlhlF handle removed from Antwerp to Ostond,
for tho laat fe* months and tbo roadi. I ^ mmnew auniiaaiai*
or Ptecas of road, that ba haa mndo ter ( *"»"'"» "*'» »▼ •u»mAHing
tbe council are a credit to the city. M-WDON. Oct. t. - fttbmarine E9
Wo twit tio Cotmoll wUl toeognite of *♦ WM* »»'*. mint oommnnd
tho efforts of thl* official, who fcasi" M*««.<N>mmander Mai K. Horton,
certainly taken » doepar Interest In > <*t«day made another raid Into Gar
Ut* work of th* eity than aay official ImJm waters off tk* mouth of tb* river
roodlto lawmmli* tlm #ato»t of the*rl berwotor*. !■■• *wl •**«rt«4 •» daMn* a tier.
te th* flmwflo* of the    * dspuutloa eonafaUag of Uoot-t"**" ,or***° *»" dea'royer.    it waa)
*!»«» met, tfeetay, Captnta* *o«*tt and j <W* ***« ^Omana* unoti um same
O-Bris* waited upon th* City Palhor* ««mmaad*r which mad* a *imilar
fwwoadng nenrntei aj*J»U«c* Is tm- **•* •«* «»* th* Gemma eralaer
necuon with board, etc., account* in* "•»* ^ Hattioltad opt. IS. Aa on
c«fMd while organising tha fWafeitbe former occasion th* ES has note-
-Worse** *Oo*ttng*nt. ' As a reesrtt tn*
Coweil, aftor torn* iltU* dtoamhrn,
paaood a motion that * eheQae amount
lag to HUH ho Isswed to U.-Col. Mac-
kay ta eoulo thooe oatataadlng ao-
oomrta.   Thai* betas a moilslon that
iww**w • wwv™*> ^*^*w^^m) om ^swvswwas  aww*
iftntrM tbo grjrifrtiman* rttmbunw tint
Church Schoolroom, Saturday, Oct. 17
Thompson, of the local staff of the
C, P. R„ has been elevated temporarily to ribbon handler of tho Dominion
Express Co.'s delivery team.
Tbe Ladle*1 Guild of Christ Church
will hold a delicatessen sale In tho
basement of the church on Saturday,
(-(.lobar 17, at 3.30 p.m.
Tbe usual monthly tea of the ladles' Guild of Christ Church will U
held at the home of Mrs. MacLean, on
Wednesday, October Hfi, at 3 30 pm.
II. Hansen, of tbe Dominion Express
Co., and G. Winters, of the C. P. ft,
telegraph staff, leave tbla week for
the prairie on a shooting excursion.
A good ahow every night; a ahow
tbst is sure to mako you glad tbat you
came—The Orpheum, the Sign of tha
Winged Clock.
M Zygum and Waall Andxysik ara In
tbs City Osol charged with amault
upon th* person of a w»iMmown
Fernie cititen.
Latest reports from the hospital
contain tbe pleating information that
"fundy** Dunch, a victim of pnmi-
monla, Is making satisfactory pro-
Preeldmit Walton mbaaiued to tht
tVade* tad labor Coagreaa hia Psr-
Hamaataty *m**t et whioh I haHoto
tlm mmd iiiwiortant, no fnr na tttn
th*    tier*
bom mv
••ior a daspotlaat whleh tltetM hare
lotfoa waa nbmltted for Uio comdd-
oraUoa of Uie Convention hy tbo Tele-
gwphonf Uakm. Jfaattahe:
"Wbema. th* !*atle«x Ael gown-
log wortwri in pablie *UUUea is a
enpftaltata' woapoa to pmttm etata
Mtloa *• tb* part of tbo vortatre (do-
Wt&mmf^mmm ' IH   \mw  ^V^PMPW  mt^mJffent
ebritm nt CaamAaa wetter* tn aa tt*
Vaaeewrer Islaad.   hnprfaottd   ior
—9.m,^m    ^^QA^^9^^    tt^    9^9.   ^^^^^^^^&   ^M^_9_m
weir wwt.nwm tm mm mtomrw mnrmt,
"A**, waewe, tb* eapWaTtita «*t
tMe lam 'la thatr edmatai* by rohm-
o touir*** to Ha
The action took place at I o'clock
yesterday aad waa wltaesaed bf the
Hatch eeast guards on tha notch la-
land of Schlermonnikoog ia tho North
se*. off tbo provtae* af Friesland.
Tk* wmnhur was calm and th* -It
Coteael far tteaa mrpeadimm or any {»m*r eoald plalaly be ami oraWog Islaad of Berhnm, *h
part fhetfeof. money so ruddy*! •*(■^*i>*'',*■,'' the mouth of the L'uw. , U«« * a«v*l bnne.ent
to revert t* Um oaf-Cora af Um otty.
tlekt te Throo Mfcwte*
Th* eoatraet ft* lha Cttf Amhnlatff*    Suddenly »h# oaoarrrr* sow a high
wa* awarded le llm *hnrt* ttrorj Co. <*elomn of wster o-eor th* bow of tht
at ttm pm meet trip. ■ d*etr-oy*r.
 '       ■- "   The feaeel Immediately tare*4 met
Or. SMMBO-Oft 1- II. P., Tl f>. «, tan-Un* wh» fn tlmo* mfart^c.
Uot, Banh of llassilto* BoiMtag. *v\   tbortiy after tb* eiploslOB tho pert-
poiffi  THles-Wood  Co.    Ventottv^r j scope of tbe sobmariae camo above
Ha* aarfbee of th* water for a m»
meat hat as soon ai tboaa on board
tba plantar saw that thoir torpedo
had strvch Its mark tho veasel was
srsin anbmera^d.
A German cruiser and torpedo boat
eamo oukkly to tbe rracno of the crew
of tbe Ill-fated destroyer, wbo could
ba seen swimming about in Uie vicinity or dieting to the wreckage ef
their ship.
Aa -jkMsnwi&i.ikoof. ',* i-Wiwt to t*r«
ere th* Germans
I us** m emamt ene*. «B«i within -Mt at,let
of Heligoland and the naval arsenal
ef Wllh«!*nhtr<m, th* daah ot tbe
submarine (a considered a particularly
dirtng on*.
Tbe fJntch naval staff aanoanc**
thai lh* ttibkluK **i &« 0«>uu>m »**.-
etrrad aovaa mime off Sehlormoaai-
koog and w«ll outside Dutch territorial water*.
were passed. Plans were ordered and
tenders are to be called for the erection of n porch for the front door of
tbe Central School. It was also ordered that necessary sanitary repairs
and kalsomlnlng of thn Annex School
be done immediately.
A session of the Fernlo Spiritual-
Uts wan h»Id Tuesday *«v*>nlns: in th*
Pernie Hotel Parlors, and the annual
election of officers wsa as follows:
Wallace F. Stephana, president for Uie
ensuing year; K. A. Milton, vlce-pre-
aident. snd Forsyth I. Williams, secretary. Regular seances, wo are Informed, are to be bold during the winter months.
Ills Honor Judgo Thompson arrived In tho city from Cranbrook on \\*d*
nesday evening and will hold the regular October sitting of the -County
Court today (Thursday). Th-wr* are
no criminal eases on the do«k«t for
this month, hut there are a number
of civil actions to be dlipoa^d of,
among which tbe principal one la that
of Hart vs. Mclntyre, for which a
special jury bas been eummoned,
Lotter* received by friend* and rv-
krtlvwi nf tk* "bora- wX*n 1t**i Watmli* **
I little over a month aiw tn to to th*
front wttb   the   Canadian Overseas
contingent, are high In their praises
Sixty men quit work or. the C. P, R.
tunnel at Rogers Pass on Saturday
last owing to a dispute over tlie .''latter of wages with the contractors on
the work. A number of them came
into thc city on Monday. A number
of the militia were dispatched to the
tunnel on Sunday as it was feared
tbere might be some resistance on the
part of the men who quit when the
new force ot drillers were put to work.
When seen at the Hotel Selkirk yesterday by a representative of th© Review Messrs. J. Duffy, T. Murphy,
Henry Yundt and L. Kennedy told the
story of the trouble. The contractors
on the tunnel work, Messrs. Foley,
Welch & Stewart, had decided' to take
the suix-ontract for the rock drilling
work out of the hands of Mr. J. Mc-
Ilwee for reasons best known to them-
(Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart
then proposed a new scale of wages
for the men. They proposed to pay
them $3.20 per day with a bonus system for the entire gang at the rate of
Jl.fiO for each additional foot of tunnel driven above a certain limit. The
former rate of wages under Contractor IMcMween was |4.50 per day
.The drillers refused to accept thia
proposition and accordingly quit work.
stated there were no threats made by
the men and why tbe militia should
be rushed to the scene was more tban
they could understand. .Tbey criticized those responsible for the action ln
this manner, casting reflections on
the' attitude of the men who were perfectly pcaceubie lu their demands at
all times.
Members of the mllltla were on
guard at the mouth of the tunnel on
Monday morning at tbe change of
shifts. As the was no trouble tbey
returned to their headquarters.
The trouble affected cvnly the machine rock drillers on the pioneer tunnel and some twenty other men on the
main tunnel. The men seen at the
Selkirk Hotel yesterday state their
places have beon filled by Austrians.
(Tlie above extract is not from the
Western Clarion or Federationlst, but
from the most respectable Revelatoke
Review of October 3. When the men
would, not accopt a reduction of $1,110
a day the militia was dispatched with
a rush to safeguard the employer's Intercuts-—not the workers', for he la
nol Hupposed to hove any. And yet
there are Home who express surpriae
that the workera do not tumble over
one another to Join a militia corps?
The men that quit work were principally Irish and Scotch, liut note the
Inst sentence: THE MEN SEEN AT
These discharged British *iibj<vts now
huyp the prlvllego of d)l»g for
their i!) country whilst the alien enemies live on thHr Jobs'»
Herman Klmcr, the late secretary
of Michel Local, who Is belug detained by th*< military authorities, Is receiving every care and attention from
his union associates. He U supplied
with excellent food, both physical and
mental, and st prest-nt sino taking the
air und*r surveillance, which hia
many friends slnr^My hojw nuy in
tho near future be modified to rrleas*
on parole
Tbe rauriesles estendwl tn granted hy thom wbojiatts charg* uf military affair* In this district, and mad*
In compliance with tin* r.xjiWkU of
District and Uxnl officials of Dist-
net ti
s n„<** »,f,/tat„,, .,..,.    .*■»*...    »
Thumdsv »>v-M<1*nf *t tb* btm* nf tt*t*
bridf, in Pernl* hnn*t, vbm .T«n*f,
the only daughter of Mr. and Mra.
of tbo transport arrangemvnt* m«d« i M«ub«w Tuitey, wss united in nb* boly
for their trip acroas.    The more re-1 bonds of matrimony io Mr. I. Hewitt,
r#nt i*n*rm written ew boatd th#
"troop ships** state that the sleeping
accommodation Is In cabins, uot tbt
usual hammocks, and that the food
served up ia varied and ample.
Over three hundred "alien eti^m^s"
have signed tb* undertaking prr-w rib-
*d by Mm* Mettle I»*p»t1m*«it in the
Provincial Police District of ftonth-
*&ast Kootenay, tp to thi> pr*wnt
tho pollco bave not found tt n*r*as*ry
to reeeri to any eth*r arenas ef baring thee* .utijwtt of beltlg»r*ot nation* report, other than posting uot ices ia eonapicnoes piac**. Tbt, toa-
fctttty el imo*- wbo nave etgite-d th*
aadorlaWag ar* aaxie-aa to learn
whan they may ke allowed to take out
aatatailntlen papers.
W*v   M  ft  McOnrrrli* n-Tftf**it***   t«r*.
partaking of a sumpttous wedding
breakfast tb* happy couple left on tb*
midnight Spokane Flyer, Tbey will
reside In Virol*.
♦ You are advised to fty
♦ a say from Relhnra*, AKrnU.
-# as tb# mine*   ar*   working
♦ but oa« or two daya * week
♦ and   there   ia   more   than
► «»mt?t» mm to fill  tH tbt
► job*.
II i .«3> "..-.
-*-'    ii ' -
S^'>-.#;?S7«i&.,-^ r$A?*AX-p *,^*m:A'fA-€A^
r.,.*:y-^-y:y:yX-*S*X^  —X
^r^A* A '- *>■*   -*Z,\r-*\ J.'fl-Pjr" "*■■** I »
.  /
The  German Socialists
And The War
By William English Walling
i.—How the  German  Socialist  Party
Backed Up the Kaiser
There has been an almost endless
controversy both in the Socialist and
non-Socialist press as to the attitude
ot the German, party in this war, but
there are no longer any doubts. After
the war had once been declared the
German Socialist Party did everything
in its power to support the Kaiser in
the prosecution of the war. Government credit, as everybody knows, is a
very vulnerable thing, especially in
war, and the vote of the Socialists in
fuvor of the war grant may be worth
billions to the German government.
Everybody knows, too, that soldiers
cannot do the best fighting without
moral enthusiasm. The Socialist Party
endorsed the war as being a war of
defense, and documents issued by the
central committee since the celebrated
speech of Haase, on August 4, take
the same position, that this is a defensive war. Tlie invasion of Belgium
and the concentration of two-thirds of
the Kaiser's troops in the invasion of
France made no difference whatever.
Before the war the attitude of the
party was all that could be expected
or desired. At the meeting of the
Internationa! Bureau in Brussels ou
July -.'9, the same Haase (chairman
of the party) said that the German
proletariat would be against war, even
if Russia declared war against Austria.
No wonder that the Dutch Socialists
and the New York Volkszeitung called the voting of the war credits absolutely "incomprehensible"! No wonder that the greatest living leader of
the Marxian school, Jules Guesde, enters the Fjench bourgeois cabinet "to
fight against the traitor workmen of
What was the- exact sequence of
events in those troubled days at the
beginning of the war? By August 3,
Germany and France, as was admitted
iu the Berlin papers, were engaged in
hostilities without any declaration of
war. It was. on this day that the'Ger-
man Socialists held the conference at
which their fateful action was decided upon. And it was also on this
day that they had their meeting with
the Chancellor,    Von Bethmann-iHoll-
which has stained its hands with the
best blood of its people achieve a victory, our country and the freedom
of its future would lose much, -if not
everything. It is our duty to obviate
that danger and to hold our shield
over the civilization and the independence of our country. Therefore
we do what we have always'promised;
iu the hour of need we shall not fail
our country. In this' we feel ourselves
in accord with international Socialism,
which always admitted the right of every country to national independence
and self-defense. In accordance with
its teachings, we shall object to a war
of con-quest. It is our demand that
this war must end as soon as wo have
the certainty that our country is secure, and must be ended by a peace
which will make friendship between
us and our neighbors a possibility."
Ot course, after a speech like this,
the Kaiser and his government were
able to claim that the Socialists favored the war. The truth is that they
opposed the declaration of war,
though it can no longer be questioned
that they supported the war after it
was declared. The Chancellor, for example, said:
"With our fate that of other counties is bound up. This inspires us
with double zeal, for in this war social difficulties have disappeared;
even Social Democrats stand behind
us. It is an inner moral force that
drives us forward."
So delighted were the enemies bf
Socialism that the famous German
Anti-Socialist League surp'ended its
activities, announcing satisfaction
with the Socialist stand and expressing the hope that it would not have
to resume its activities after the war.
Nor was this all. The Kaiser himself
has ghen the partyMiis royal-imperial
approval. We quote from the 'New-
The Vorwarts, which in the past
be sold at the bookstalls of the State
railways, has now been Invited to enter those sanctums of officially stamped loyalty. Restaurants which were
'boycotted by the military on account
of their taking in Social-Democratic
newspapers or giving facilities for
holding—Socialist or Trade-JLLnioMat
saries to several countries. ScheJde-
mann was sent to Holland, Haase and
Suedelcum to Italy, and Fischer to
Belgium. Fischer took exactly the
opposite position attributed to
Soheidemann—if we are to Ibelieve the
very creditable report, for Fischer has*
always been an extreme opportunist,
"The march through (Belgium was
unavoidable, because of the life and
death struggle," said Fischer.
"Stories o'f German atrocities are
lies. Army, consisting of one-third Socialists, above suspicion. Reprisals
due to Belgian treacherous attack."
Haase and Suedekuiu, It seems,
were sent to Italy In an effort to induce the Italian party to use its influence to have Italy join Germany in
the war. They were very properly-
told by the Italian Socialists: "We
hope tbat this infamous war will crush
those who provoked it."
Phillip Scheidemanvi, last year vice
president of the Reichstag, has practically as much right to speak for the
German Party as had the chairmap,
Haase, having occupied even more important positions of responsibility in
the party.
On August 21 Scheidemann wrote a
letter to the New York Volkszeitung,
which was published on September 10.
It contains a complete and almost official defense of the action taken in
supporting the K.iiser in the present
war. Scheidemann's letter is so important that all its leading points
must be mentioned.
•He says that nobody wanted the war
In Germany, and underlines the word
"nobody," that, that we are given to
understand that the war was not desired even by the Crown Prince and
the war party.
ln spite of the repeated statement
of Vorwarts to th-j contrary, he puts
the chief blame for the present war
upon Russia. In spite of the statement of Vorwarts to the contrary, he
takes-the Russian mobilization as a
sufficient cause for the war.
"When France, Republican France,
has allied with the Russian absolutism
for the purpose of murder and destruction, it is a difficult fact to conceive
that   England,   parliamentarian   Eng-
^vig, at Svhich, as their later action
showed, they allowed themselves to
be convinced In the essential points
by this later and smaller edition of
Bismarck. They were converted to
his view that "Russia had applied, the
torch to the house," as ■ Haase's official statement for the party showed
on the following day.
On August 1, in the morning, the
Reichstag members went to the
Kaiser's palace to shake hands with
their war lord; the Socialists did uot
disgrace themselves by belnK present.
In the afternoon the Reichstag was
called In session and the Chancellor
made the statement in which he said
that Luxumberg had already been Invaded and that if Belgium had not already been invaded it soon would be.
Even without this outrage It would
still be true that that Franco was ro-
garded as a hostage by tho German
government, and that Austria, us
Vorwnrt* had declared for nearly two
weeks, had brought on the war. But
suddenly Haase and the majority of
the Socialist leaders walked Into the
very trap that Vorwarts aud the Leipzig Volkszeitung hnd just said was being laid for them: that is, they put thc
whole blame on Russia and completely
exonerated the Oerman government.
It will be well to quote tlie essential
iMssages from Haaue's speech:
"Should    the    Russian    despotism
take the same hostile attitude.
Soheidemann is guilty; in the clos- ._,
ing part of his .letter^ of what German
Socialists have  called  "murder patriotism!"   He wants Germany to conquer 'France at the earliest possible
moment and tb force" peace   on that
country, although,    being   fully    acquainted with German imperialism, he
must know what sort of a peace this
would .be.   Moreover, leading German
Socialists have often said tliat the victory of German militarism would enormously   strengthen   the   reactionary
forces of Germany, and that only   defeat   could   lead   to   revolution   aad
progress.   He even takes up the exact position of the professional German patriots in this country, claiming
tbat Germany in tlie early part of the
war had everywhere been victorious,
that all contrary statements were lies,
that German victory   was   absolutely
certain.   He   goes so   far as to claim
that the German Socialists liave full,
responsibility for this war,  and   we
may even say that he demands they
should have full credit for carrying it
on.     He quotes Bebel's statement to
the government in the Reichstag   in
1904:    "Gentlemen, you cannot carry
on any   victorious   wars   henceforth
without our aid."
But iScheidemaim's "murder patriotism" is a less serious matter than his
perversions of thetruth. He says that
the whole German people are united
for the war and that the Socialists in
the Reichstag unanimously voted the
war credits.' He does not mention the
fact that there was a strong minority
against the action in the Socialist
central committee, and that the radical minority in the Socialist group in
the Reichstag was bound -by party
ties to vote with the majority. I^ast
year, It will be remembered, 47 out of
111 Socialist members were against
voting military supplies to the government. At least a part of this radical group certainly stood with the
minority of the central committee and
demanded that Socialist principles be
maintained. What do Socialist principles require? There can be no doubt
whatever of the,answer.
Bebel and Liebknecht refused to
vote the war credits in 1870. If two
men can take such a stand againsj
the whole of the Reichstag in 1870,
surely 112 can safely take the same position today.
III.—How the international Movement Reeeivsd the Action of the
German Party
■The Socialist press of the world—
with the exception of a part of   the
meetings, have had the ban removed
from them. Hitherto German workmen
who were known to belong to the Socialist Party have been refused work
in the government factories as a matter of principle. General Voh Biasing,
thp commander of the Seventh army
corps, has now placarded the country
condemning that reprehensible practice. The vent Is all the more noteworthy as this gentleman's name appeared, some years ago, signed to an
official document which Instructed the
military as to measures to be taken
In cases of civil war and street fighting.
The document reached the .public by
means of one of the subterranean
channels connecting the German workers* party with the bureauracy, and
created a great sensation at the time."
II.—-How the Oerman Socialist Leaders Defend Their Action
How have the leaders, who at the
present moment control the Socialist
Party In Germany, explained the action that was taken? A cable from
Amsterdam, quoted with at*proval by
the < American -Socialist press, reports
Scheidemann as saying that, the German Socialists did not know of the
action about lo he taken against Del-
glum. Either the report Is false or
Scholdwnann -expressed  n  falsehood.
It seems that either tbe Oerman
party or the German government
sent the Socialist leaders as emla-
To Every Purchaser of
Stationery Pads
For This Week Only
See  The   Window   For  Display
land, democrats   -Kngland. la firtHnsr  American and British publications—re
Meat Market
side by side for 'freedom and culture.9
That is a truly gigantic, shameless
piece of hypocrisy." And the sole motive of England is "envy of the economic development" of Germany.
It does not seem to haye occurred to
Scheldemenn that the action of France
and England may have been dictated
by fear of German militarism. Suddenly this German militarism, which
was the arch-enemy of German Social-
Ism, has been forgotten. He continues:
"We in Germany have Ihe duty to
protect ourselves. We have the task
of protecting the country of the most
developed Social Democracy against
servitude to Russia." But France and
England have been called to the greater duty to protect their more democratic civllzatlon ngalnst the military
absolutism which—by the confession
of the Oerman Socialists-—governs
Prussia and dominates Germany,
Scheidemann passed quickly from
this defehslve patriotism into, the
more aggressive nnd common variety.
The superiority of Oerman civilization over all others seema to be so
profound a conviction that he takes
It as a matter of1 course: "Russia,
France, Belgium, England, Servla,
Montenegro and Japan In the struggle
for freedom nnd culture against Germanism, which, has given to the
world, Goethe, Kant and Karl 'Marx!
This would be a joke if tho situation
were not so desperately serious!"
Scheidemann says that Oerman Socialists are as much Germans as they
mt, HwlnlMn, but the conclusion cannot be avoided from his whole argument that he wants them to be Germans first, lie aaya, "We Social
llemocratls have not ceased to 4>e
Germane because we bave joined the
Socialist International."
It was reported, as we have aald,
that Scheidemann recently In Holland
iWwl defended hii party against the bit-
celved the action of the Genman Party,
or of its majority, wjth the most extreme indignation. Het Volk, the official organ of the Dutch Party, declared that there was no doubt thar
Germany was the aggressor, and
Troelstra, the leader of the .party and
ar moderate to boot, said that he
hoped the International would be reorganized on a new basis atter the
■The Volkszoltung of New York, the
leading paper of the Oerman Socialists
In the New World, has attacked the
German Party leadership in editorial
after editorial. It declared It to be
'tslmply unbelievable that our comrades suffered themselves to be driven
Into their Incomprehensible position
through fear of tho bugaboo of Russian despotism." The Volkaseitung
contends that the German Party had
no grounds whatsoever for this fundamental abandonment of Socialism.
Chicago Arbelter Zeltung took the
some position. It denounced the action of the Oerman Party, especially
for the paralyzing effect lt would' have
upon the masses who had been taught
that Socialists were opposed to war.
The Arbelter Zettung summed np
the case In these words: "The famous
Social Democracy has delivered our
cause a blow fmom which we aball certainly not recover soon," and it continued:
"The circumstance that we seo Russia on the aide of the Western powers
undoubtedly makes the matter complicated fur thu JudKUieui. ot the average man of the people.    It appears to
bo clear that one must put himself on
tbe aide of those who are fighting against tbe "Realm of the Knout."   Hut
Russia is no longer the centre of tbe
reaction In Kurope alt It was sixty!
years ,'go:   Herman?   ma   taken Its
place.    Resides, the political eonstel-j
latlon la a direct result of the polities |
of Bismarck—i.e„ ot his unnecessary»
humiliation of Franco, wblch was thuss
dlwctly driven Into the anna of Rut-!
These circumstances, moreover,
Remember, it is ABSOLUTELY FRE£
to the Winner
We make all our own Sausages
They are the BEST
A trial order will oonvlno* you that our
prlcos & moatt ara tha BIST
ter nttacka of the Dutch Socialists on
the around tbat th** Germans did not
know that Belgium wait Invaded.   In j
his letter Scheidemann takes the op- j "■•
posit* position snd d*t*oAt W*   |*'«««b* very much Iwe lb* danaer to
vaslon.   He   approves   tbe   Herman! eltrlllBatten wWch mttkt resoM from a j
Chancellors defense of   this   action.! W-IWo def*at of Gammy." ,
namely, tbat It was "necessary."   It     *«"•«** numerous Illuminating snm-
mny be true, n« b* wiys, that It was mMm at «»* *** Vorb Volketeitaog
used by the Ilritlsh government as n} *mmel deserve speelal mention.     It
mar* pretest.   Rut tbls invasion waa!voint* ««•*<* emmide. that tho vto-
.,'•*,, .' tttrtr id ttttatmemr* tteettt vnre it-nn-M-M*
I ftaf.-ttOlM Mrt"f*TOf?i*    Tbf Wit- tfby, *rnr' *•••''* 'n ^* destfaetkw ftf th* Vfe-iW* I
principle which all tbe Socialist con-! f>p-w,t'an< ,h* r»"«"w,l« mt tbe
-:       :-:       Phone 89
grosses agreed unanimously was tbat
iwutral fountnea mat not be attacked, and thet even -Socialist* mots
it,.*!,***   **.,,..       .,,,..-,.   „,r,Jt,.    I   ....I..    .   I
-.-■-.,   :.■**' ' - - # * ■•* *•*
v salon.
After the Oerman government bad
broken lu saerod promise nol to tiio-,
1st* RelginiR, sorely the world eould j *Z£*•JJ^
not bc expected to believ* the secondj
promise from tbo sama tan* tbat   it
Mould   withdraw ita troop* lexer,   it
ta* this intaalon tbat caused thp tti>
liitlttl* of ni'i tbe smaHet1 rwitiirit-t of
Kurope   to   rwsent   tbe   Oerman So.
-Halist actioa. and baa also persuade-!
monarchy.    It demands tbat nottftor
Frauo* aor Germany shook! bo etxub-*
ed after the war.    And finally, It aa-|
«*ria tn the iwrt twttttte mur that'
flerraany was the atgrefeaor. For example, it brings tbla derisive argument against tbe "patriotic Now York
The Oenaan Mmperor.   said   tbe
)«t«ats*eltung. declared oar eonatito-
Uiuull,, '.,*■< j,u*9*i xltttmnex i* *t\,******i,
ntdl tbo whole fleraan people urflt imp- *
lnuti Ut**   War liont.   thsf^restest o* *
generals, In repolsing ibis attack.  BT
v-hom ba« -Herwanf betm ntX-trAed*
..    _•«._ a.~.i9*, .       ttf whom baa Germany been Injured?
the majority of Amtttm torMtat. toj rp w ft0W „0 m ^\^n tUi9M
s*4 ;***-n declsred b«<uitee Gnttmrny j
lu4 UwU *.UvU*l. mm kU«***U*v, mUmm .
nmamxt sioes
neme nm t unont
I trim tbo ofTtoial deelaretleos of tbo
_ ) tiermnn authorities and th* Kaiser,
SSVoSftefaectjm'<•thMt '-^ **mndn bar met Uy tn the*
alleged mobilisation movement In Russia. Just how it stands, however, with
this mobilisation of Ruasla—which, according to William's speech, was practically completed—Is revealed In yes-
terday's official communication from
Berlin (August 10th), where lt Is stated that at leaat sis weeks more will be
required before It can be fully accomplished."
Tbe position of the two Herman American Socialist organs li Identical
with that taken by tbe Leipzig Volk*-
seltung. the second moat important
Socialist paper of (Jernmny, in the
daya Immediately before the war. Bald
this famous Socialist organ;
"It is tbe Intention of tbe Oerman
government to stir up tbe flerman proletariat to a war with Ruasla by means
of an outworn ideology (that of 1848)
.... A war of Western or-.Middle Kurope against Russia Is no longer
for the revolution: It Is a war ngalnst
tho revolution."
IV.—The Revolutionary Wing of tho
Oermaey Party still Stands fer Internationalism Aflelnst Nationalism,
li must not b* «uppofA«t for ou* maltreat that the whole flfrmatt Party
participated in tbla extraordinary moral collapse.     It will be remembered
tbat at tbe last Party Vonnr*** tbe
tacit principle of proportional repre-
aeotation, wbleb bad hltheito torem-
*d Mt* ttlttftttm* tr, **,* W*ri*tti**i*'t, **■*.**
mttte* waa ab»ndw*i*d~-«»stne» -atper-
oas pretest. Tbonab tbe revolutionary minority represented more than
one-third of tie Congress, it waa given
oaly ooo or two member* en tho Central --tVw-m-rttt**       Vet  arm ***** tliat
mm  tn   tbls ultraopportunUt body
oao-foarth wet* oppoaisd to tbe surrender of -Socialist principle.   We can
therefore assnmo tbat, of the floclallat
members of ibe Retebstag, the ns—l
proportion held oot for revolutionary
ifc-vUuur  Uut U, tw or mor»» members
ott of tb* llJ-belng tNmftd, however,
by Un* wtmnttt tne io vote wHO tke ma-
levity in tbo Reichstag.   Aad when wo
say fwvotafftnar.v **et*5««, we refer aot
to tike IdesiV th. general ttlrke. wblch
ptoblbfy did not have a single support.
er.^kiU to tbt mxm tnbm by B#b*l
aad UtaLu...... U, u.to.    'Iik*y mlA nel
mm tbr nn to vote against tba war
credits at thst t:,-»* ror sufficient mt-
mms ' of pert*»! EMr*4«a*t*, bol tbey
Imperial Bank of Canada
OapiUl Paid Up..$7,000,000      Bosom fund ...,$7;000,000
O. R. WU.KII, Premeeox       HON. ROiT JAPPRAY, viee-Pree.
Arrowhesd, Cranbrook, Nrtils, OoMsn, Kamloepa, Michel, Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vaneotivsr and Vleterl*,
latarest allowed on depeelts ot swrrent rato from date et Ji9oatt.
. HA Mir
Willi, Thle Detde, Mortgtgw, Iniurtnco PoIIdet
or otbtr vtluabli ia out of thcta bomi
^rw*   ^fw^www     w i^w*^^ww*W"r monmt  www^ww mm-mr   o^^mytmm^nr  mtr^moti^^^^r
m-9. jiw i »^iw* rvPiiaNi 9imwwmtt-\mmtttme^m mtrmmAm &*m 4
Fowlor, Managar        Fornlo Branoh
abstained from voting. Nobody eon
deny that it waa opon to tb* German
Party to do so at tho preaent ttm*
Oat th* main print it tbat tb* ase-
Jority not only forced tbe minority to
titx* tut tbe «r*»*Uu, bat weftaatty UWW
ltd tbo Kaiser's war as a Aetnnttre
war and eo savi* u tOtnt mont sap-
port. . *
ft rnmvt be ootei altat beta t»f««f
aad after the war Vorararta, wbkb
abapea its conrse very Urgely according to tae ieeiroe of tba revoSsti-Miary
*i«MM*U»l* U * -kUwiikk. ■*•**» «mmUw»*m
tbe majority of Ita noAer*. took a ?*vy
different poeition from that of 'be On-
tta* PoBrts-Ute*    dver sssd ot*t «gjla
In the days before tbe war. It deisred
tbat Austria was ffsfpaaetM* tor tft*
wir. tbat It might lead to defeat and
;o revolution, aad it ev«» wont so far
only a day or two bofore tit* war broke
not, aa to say tbat ovon Rtasian mob-
;;>*«,'. ;*, ,**. **» not ftflttkt-MH ground tor
the dttrtaratfoo of mar bf flermeny.
hnd earn tine* the war s-ji-*»n* nas
■as* r very offiNt to tasep before tee
tlmtwtm peopls* tho fittt ♦*»; Fntice
aad Belgium are belag attacked and
larked    ft ttt pointed out tbat ibe
afa^uj^^^ *^^i^ ava fMMdatlaa' im (JbA at*
W owmt^mett t^mr^Rl^t wow W^^WHW™i^J W^  EiR^m wl
t>tijti. \vt**- tbn flu Wane eto AwUhi xbn
nmo. aii flat IUs Is no morot that
tbeeU be eeeeetei,    Vorwarts tit
tmmnmmA tm
Arijf^e^f-ti^fift^ ! -,*nv
— —-
ir*i?f¥m*fts«lim!mfmwit-*ii 'rf-a-iriaaa
!BWWihfflK»i)iffi**TT*rr^ wmwi.MPsggaasa
Quarterly Report ofthe
Secretary of Alberta
Fed. of Labor
To the Officers and .Members of Central Labor Bodies aud the Local
Trades and Labor Unions of the
Province   of   Alberta   Affiliated
with  the Alberta  Federation  of
Fellow Brothers aud Workers:—In
presenting >to you my quarterly report,
I would impress upon you the fact that
the annual convention will be   held
in the, city of Calgary on Monday, October 12th, and that bodies should lose
• no time  in   making  preliminary   arrangements regarding said convention.
Your Executive has not as yet met
in session to deal with the legislative
program.     There is nothing definite
that the Legislature will meet prior
to the convention; therefore it is felt
that the monies of the Federation will
" be conserved by holding the Executive
sessions on days immediately preceding the convention.    In this manner
all legislative matters considered may
be discussed by the convention prior,
to their presentation to the government.       \
During this rnbnth, Mr. Fred Bancroft, vice president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, conferred with (President Jones and Vice
President Alford in Lethbridge, and
with Vice President VIckrage and Secretary Bellamy in Medicine Hat. Labor matters in general were discussed,
most Important being the conferences
regarding the new Workmen's Compensation Act in Ontario. From reports received from these officers, the
opinion seems to prevail that it would
be unwise for our Federation to ask
for amendments to the present Act in
this Province. The new Ontario Act
appears to be so vastly superior that
it behooves us to press for absolutely
new legislation along the principles of
the Ontario Act.
President Jones and Vice President
English attended the convention in
Calgary of the Railway Engllneers and
Firemen, when over 700 delegates
were assembled Your officers received assurance that the Legislative Committee of the organization would cooperate in every way with the Federa-
. Hon in au endeavor 'to have a new
Workmen's Compensation Act enacted.
display leniency on account of per-
vailing conditions, it is expected all
Locals will make every effort to meet
their obligations towards the work of
the Federation.
Fraternally ypurs,   •
Alberta Federation of Labor,
mine previous .to the explosion was
237, saved 48, bodies identified, 180,
unknown 6, not recovered 3. All
heads of families were wiped out,with
the exception of thirteen 'in town.
.President Jones wrote Premier Sifton
on behalf . of the Federation asking
that a commission be appointed to investigate the fatality, At present the
executive,has- under consideration demands whereby the mine workers will
be more fully protected, both regarding working conditions and compensation.
In connection with the Hillcrest disaster, it may be well to state that at
the Saskatchewan and Alberta conferences of the .Typographical Unions
held in Medicine Hat in July a resolution of condolence was passed and a
printers' two-bit fund organized. This
subscription list will be presented to
practically all Union printers in the
two Provinces, and with contributions
of 25 cents a bead, it is expected that
the Typographical Unions will exhibit
their sympathy in a tangible manner.
Your secretary personally believes
actions along similar lines by the various trades, Unions would be to the
credit of the workers of the Province,
who, though suffering to an extent
from the current depression, cannot
realize the extent of the disaster that
occurred in the Hillcrest mine and
the resultant sufferings of'women and
little ones.
The Typographical conference has
asked for the assistance of the Federation to secure proper ventilation
sanitation laws in the Province, and
proper factory inspection. In this connection the complete labor laws ;of
the State of New York have been se-
cured\hrough Commissioner of Labor
James M. Lynch, formerly president of
the International Typographical Union.
The Typographical conference passed a strong resolution favoring the
establishment, of Provincial Federations of Labor in Saskatchewan and
Manitoba, and will ask the Trades and
Labor congress to give energetic assistance to the proposal.
/During the past few months a number of court decisions re Compensation
German Socialists
And The War
(Continued from Page Two)
It is expected that their legislative
representatives will accompany the
Federation Executive when the Legislature is approached for this legislation. It is pleasing to know that the
Federation has In this way become In
closer touch with one of tlie strongest
Act "cases have been adverse to' the
workers, and your Executive will endeavor to have legislation enacted, to
cover such cases.
In .Medicine Hat the city council
has launched a scheme to withhold a
certain percentage of the wages of la-
A man marries a woman, builds a
house and puts her into it. Then he
goes a*bput_his business and she devotes herself to her household, tasks.
As the years pass, children come, and
the wife gives up every personal Interest and devotes herself to them.
She may not be especially strong, but
she gets through her duly as millions
of women have done before her, and
it is- not until she is forty-five or fifty,
and the children are less of a respon-
silibity aud the house runs more
r:nootl:ly, that she has time to dTaw a
long breath and to think, a little timidly, about resuming some of the
pleasures and pursuits which she has
so Jong foregone.' And then., gradually, she begins to realize the ghastly
truth that she cannot resume these
things; she bas lost her spring, her
resiliency, her initiative. She has
been so busy in such a narrow groove
for such an extended and unbroken
period that she feels utterly Incapable
of anything else. And her husband,
with half-irritated tolerance, wonders
why his wife is so much older and less
interesting thon the wives of Smith
and Jones.
Does it ever occur to him that she
has nothing to fail back on because
he has brought her nothing? All those
busy, taxing years when she was
drained to the uttermost, what did he
do for her? He bought her things,
and told her to do what she wanted,
•but he never took the trouble to keep
her soul alive. He was engrossed in
business,'and left the house and children to her. He never cultivated her
Interest in anything; he never gave
her his man's point of view in regard
to the trifling matters that loomed
large on her horizon; he forget to encourage her small talent for singing or
playing. When he came home at
night, he was so tired with making
money that he could not go anywhere
with her. He might have known that
if she was the fine woman he had
loved she would rather have a little
less money and a little more human
And  now  he   wonders why she is
gone so far that bourgeois correspondents have caught its drift and praised
It fer its courage. For example, it
protested against the treatment of the
civilian population of Belgium and said
that it was doing no more than the
German-law allowed the Landsfurm
to do in case of invasion of Germany.
Incidentally, it nny te said that the declarations of the German government
itself leaves no doubt whatever of ils
or£.uh.eJ and purposeful brutality—
t5io evident object being to save trocps
w'aich might be required, to guard th*-
line of communications by keeping tho
pcpiil&licr in terror. Not Daly was 'be
whole city of Louvain "punished* according to German government declarations, but official warnings issued
to the French and Belgian governments threatened that the war might
'become brutal and cruel, while putting
the*blame, of course, on France and
Belgium. This is in direct contrast
to a similar declaration of the French
government, which was merely an appeal to the civilized conscience of neutral countries.
The Vorwarts' editors, facing the
danger of instant execution under martial law, continued their intrepid exposures from day to day. Another
splendid illustration was printed in a
New York Times dispatch of September 10:
■The Vorwarts of Berlin says that
war prisoners are now ibeing treated
ibadly In Germany as the result of the
revulsion of feeling caused' by the
press criticism of women who at an
earlier stage of the war gave cigarettes and chocolates to prisoners arriving at the railway station."
The Vorwarts cites the cases of a
nunse who was severely reprimanded
for writing his will for a dying French
count, and of the killing of a Belgian
clergyman in a prison camp in Saxony
on the ground that he had incited a
civilian attack on the Germans in Belgium.
The Vorwarts concludes by asking
whether the troops have not instructions to afford proper protection to
prisoners of war.
The New York Call produces more
evidence concerning the courageous at-
organizations In Canada, and It means borers working for the city for a cer-
■ much for our futuro advancement.
It ls Interesting to note that up till
the time your Federation officers took
up the matter with the oongresi noth-
Ing had been done by that body re the
Sleuter case reported in my last report We have subsequently been assured that the matter would have the
earnest consideration of President
Wajttert and bis colleagues.
In addition to matters referred to ln
my last report, the Electrical Workera.
through the Federation, are aaklng
for Important legislation, and a copy
of tho prevailing law In Saskatchewan
will be used as a basis of domande.
On June 31st your secretary forwarded to the United Mine Workers
of America, Dlatrict 18, a letter of
sympathy with !h^ Unions, widows
and orphans ao sadly distressed
through the Hillorest Disaster, Atter
a conference by telephone with President Joans, yoar secretary advised
tbat bo proceed to HlHcreet as a representative of the FederaUon. On bis
return onr president reported tbat tbo
number of men tbat went Into tbe
tain period. It is expeoted this mat
ter will be taken up with the government and If the law at preseut permits such action by municipalities,
contra legislation will be asked for.
The Federation finances are in
good shape. On July 31, 1913, the
balance was $217; on July 31, 1914,
the balance Is $771.51, with practically
no outstanding accounts. The affiliated membership is therefore assured
that the monies have been guarded
carefully; though heavy expenditures
will be necessitated through futuro executive sessions and legislative delegations.
The forces are stilt under the distressing spelt of business depression
and financial stringency, but are full
of fight and optimism, and your secretary looks forward to a convention 'bands have never taken the time
TjarromnranWSIT. DoesTe-noT~know~
that he and he alone, had the opportunity to keep her youthful and gay?
If he had cared to develop her, if he
had had the patience to educate her,
and the love to develop her, If he had
brought her.Sweetness Instead of carelessness, she would have bloomed Instead of withering, and be more vitalized today than when he married her.
"Why, I give her everything," says
such a husband in utter astonishment.
Everything? He gave her clothes and
food and shelter. Mentally, spiritually, he brought her nothing. He
starved her for the food which would
bave kept her Individuality, alive.
And now he has a dull, limp woman
on his hands instead of an Intelligent
companion and a quick, fond frleqd.
Some strong women are able to do
these things for themselves, but the
frailer onea are aa dependent upon
their circumstances as a rose tree Is
dependent upon tbe soil In wbleb It Is
planted. Women need care, sympathy,
encouragement. Tho narrow women
are frequently the women whoso bus-
In October tbat will bo a boon to
tradea unionism In tbo Province of
To those Unions wblch bave not
remitted their current per capita; I
would ask early attention to tbe matter.   While tbe executive desires  to
broaden them   as only a   man can
broaden a woman.
"I havo given her everything," soya
such a man complacently. And he
would stare at you In amaaoment if
you told bim the truth: ' "You bave
given ber nothing."—Ex.
mttmasom a < i ■ ■' .iim, i '" ■ 'I'limiiiii team
Protect Your Food
There is no alum in Dr. Price's
Cream Baking Pcvyder. The names
of its ingredients, printed on the
label of every can, show it to be
made from Cream of Tartar, which
comes from grapes. No alum bate*
ing powder or food containing alum
is permitted to be sold in England
To avoid alum read the label and
use only
titude of the Vorwarts:
The Vorwarts did not even have a
line of comment on the matter of the
Socialists voting in favor of the war
budgets. Had the comrades of the
rwarts felt that it was a right step
on the part of the Socialist parliamentary group they would have defended
their action. Of course the censor
would not have prohibited the publication of an article in favor of the Socialist parliamentary grofip,   .   . "."
When Germany entered Belgium the
Vorwarts could not say any more than
the following;
"Now when the war god reigns su-
preme not only over Time but also
over 'the press, we cannot aay about
the invasion of -Belgium what we
would like to express about lt. ..."
•When It became a well established
fact that Italy had decided to break
the Triple Alliance, every "patriotic"
German cried out against Germany's
former ally, But not the Vorwarts.
Instead of condemning Italy, It spoke
enthusiastically in favor of Ita maintaining the position of neutrality. Regarding Italian neutrality, the Vorwarts aald:
"Unfortunately, we also bear workers condemning the poeition of Italy-
workers who have for yeara been considered as enlightened, and to whom
the menace of Imperialism has been
preached for wears. Wo must confess
tho preaching evidently was not very
On iMonday, August 3, when tbe So-
lelal Democratic group In the Reich.
1 stag decided to vote in favor of tbo
| war budget tbo Vorwarta printed an
article condemning Oerman "patriot-
inn'' and tbo "patriots- wbo suddenly
i became warriors for "freedom against
Tbe article, wbleb is entitled "War
Against CiartsoV expresses tbe fal
laey of demean patriotic jlngoiats wbo
have for years been trying to plunge
tbo country Into a war by crying tbat
It ts being menaced by tho enemy.
It alao rfdieales tbe position of tbe
government wbkb for years baa sMM
witb Russian bartart«» aad tb* Cttr
rand persecuted ftoetsttsts fee "I»»«H
i lag" Xlebolaa  bnt  which  suddenly
j changed ita front aad   adoptod   tbe
•tend of Mart, Hagets nnd Rebel, wko
always spoke   of   tbo   necessity of
i smashing tbo Ctafa rale.
W%*'    ««*l**fil>     ).99,*t9.t, „-
tion against the Germans. By its agitation the German Socialist Democracy had shown the Russian people
that its enemy is not across the border, but right in their home.
Nothing was more unpleasant to the
Russian reactionaries, the.'real Russian' jingoes, than to hear of the great
peace demonstrations of the German
Socialists," continues the editorial.
"Oli, how glad they would have been to
come out to the revolutionary working class in Russia and say, 'Why, the
German Socialists call upon the people to war against the Russian people-' I
"The 'little father' at St. Petersburg
would have felt as though a great burden had beeu removed from him. He
would have exclaimed: 'That's just
what I need! Now, that the German
Socialists call upon the people to war
on Russia, my worst enemy, the revolutionary movement lias broken its backbone. The international solidarity of
the working class ls now smashed, and
I can get a chance to let out a yell of
patriotic nationalism. Oh, I am saved!' "     /
Prussian militarism, extending the
normal methods of Prussian absolutism (we saw It at Zabern), to more
civilized countries, finally aroused not
only the public opinion of all countries,
but the action of the International Socialist .Movement. ' Even, this, as we
see from the following dispatch, wa?
not enough to detach the Socialist Nationalists from their new alliance wif.h
the Kaiser. Here we have the beginning of the end. "Socialistic' Nationalists are taking one road, International
Socialists another. Tho dispatch le-
ports that "a part of the board" of the
German Party indignantly protests against the action of the International
"Vorwarts published declaration cf
board of German Socialist Party,
strongly condemning the manifesto of
the Executive Committee of the International Socialist Bureau. Vc-i of
board indignantly protests against concealment of step by Executive Committee to German Socialist Party,
which so had no opportunity to counteract. Part ot-board protests against
suspicion expressed in manifesto
against German soldiers'    humanity
Ktatoa   that  mnrHfpgtn  <fl_inpliJng_«ah
tral countries against Germany
concealing Belgidn franc-tireurs' and
Russian Cossacks' atrocities.
We need not doubt that a considerable part of the board, a still larger
part of the Reichstag members, and
the supposition that the militarism
of Germany was so powerful as to
force France and England to call in
Russia to help to crush it, a supposition absolutely justified by the subsequent difficulties of the Allies.
Very wise is Kautsky's remarks that
the objects of the war would' first crop
out when the relative strength of the
various powers is settled. -Then the
victors will, suddenly have the courage'
for all sorts of demands.
However, some results of the war already, appear aa highly probable, especially in reference to the nations not
directly involved. Thc United States,
for example, is sure to get very great
benefits. Moreover, this will have the
result that American industries will
develop, to such a degree that Europe
will be absolutely unable to continue
her vast armaments and still compete
cIiEcUvuy with us. .
Next Japan, China, India, Persia,
Turkey, etc, will be in large measure
relieved ■from tlie oppression of the European powers. This will not only
strengthen them but will lead to a second result of world-wide benefit For
the stronger these outlying states become, the less practicable is the continuation of the present imperialistic
politics of the great powers.
Kautsky is also absolutely confident that there will be a great shifting of the balance of political power
within each nation, and that tliis shifting will be in favor of the democracy,
though he does not hazard any calculation as to how it will go. In fact, he
says at the'beginning of his article
that liis mouth is closed on the most
important .phases of the situation.
Kautsky's ebneiusuons seems most
mistaken and unfortunate He makes
an appeal for party discipline.aa .being
especially necessary in war time. On
the contrary, one of the greatest re-
suits to be hoped for from this war is
the destruction of Prussian military
discipline and then of Prussian Socialist discipline, its direct result—a method of organization totally unjustified
in more democratic countries. The
heat with which Kautsky speaks of
this matter, however, leads one to suppose that he sees a very near menace
of a party split. u'We can confidently
hope that his feeling is correct ancl
tbat the reformists will be thrown out
as they were in Italy. They can then
form a powerful and very valuable social reform party with the bourgeois
radicals—a party which will not make
any pretense to Internationalism. This
will leave the Socialist Party in ox*
' j elusive control nf Snftiallmn-fljiil-ljiiAi-,.
Suffered Terribly Until Shi
Took "Frnit-a-lires"
St. Juan ds Matha, Jan*. 27th. 1914.
"After suffering for a long time
with Dyspepsia, I have been cured
by "Fruit-a-tives". I suffered so
much that I would not dare eat for I
was afraid bf dying. Five years »go,
I received samples of "Fruit-a-tives",
I did not wish to try them for I had
little confidence in tbem but, seeing
my husband's anxiety, I decided to do
so and at once I felt relief. Then I
sent for three boxes and I kept improving until I was cured. While sick, I
lost several pounds, but after taking
"Fruit-a-tives", I quickly regained
what,! had lost. Now I eat, sleep and
digest well—in a word, I am completely
cured, thanks to "Fruit-a-tives",
"Fruit-a-tives >' is the greatest
stomach tonic in the world and will
alway scare Indigestion, Sour Stomach,
"Heartburn", .Dyspepsia aud other
Stomach Troubles.
50c. a box, 6 forlj.50, trial size, 25c.
At all dealers or sent on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited. Ottawa.
another, and all Europe will be laid to
waste as never before—this war mutt
either bring the immediate victory of
Socialism, or it must upset the old
order of things from head, to foot and
leave such heaps of-ruins'.behind that
tbe old, capitalistic society will be more
impossible than ever and the social
revolution, though put off until ten
or fifteen years later, would surely conquer after that time all the more rapidly and all the more thoroughly." Engels, then, expected the advance of
Socialism from a general European
war, not through the patriotic defense
of any country by the Socialists, but
through the revolutionary action of all
at the proper moment. The victory
of Germany would be quite as bad, or
almost as bad, as the victory of Russia.
*,. But, bettter stili, we have a very wise
expression of Karl Marx bearing immediately upon the situation, in an address to Uie International Working-
men's Association, delivered on September 9, 1870. In this address he
made the following remarkable prophecy:
"Do the Pan-Germans really believe
that   tho   frojj/lni™   »»<j   TV-1*""   ?f Qf*T—
But we can find still stronger Ger-i
man Soclalfstlst   authorities   against
the action Just taken by the German
Party.     The Volkszeitung   of    New
York reprints an article by Kngels for
perhaps even a majority of the Party j,,,e Neue Zeit ,n m2-in w},i(lh omirs
members will remain with the International. It Is probable tbat at least
400,000 members of the German Party
still maintain the revolutionary position and that tbesa members' wi"!
grow rapidly in case of military defeats. If we remember, iln the very
violent and successful anti-military agitation of Karl- Llebknecnt and Rosa
Luxemburg during the Inst year, We
may confidently hope for a revolutionary outcome—provided the war lasts
long enough for a revolutionary movement to develop, say six months or a
year. For It must be recalltd that tho
German workingmen In the last few
months have been more embittered
than ever. Rosa Luxemburg, It • will
be recalled, collected 32.000 cases of
recent military abuses and even secured over a thousand persons who had
tke courage to offer themselves as
witnesses against the military authorities.
So tbere Is every reason o give credence to tbo widespread expectation
ot a German revolution after a crushing defeat, as we read, for example, In
tbe dispatch of a Danish correspondent of tbo Now York Times;
"Tbo Socialist workingmen—wbst of
then?    Tbelr newspapers reveal a
strong* undercurrent ot rrlHrlam amtd
apparently    patriotic    protestations.
Tho Socialist journalists of Germany
are experts in Implying sedition in
cleverly written articles under ihe
gulie of pstriotlc appeal*.    Th*-Ir comments  reveal   a  differentiation  between Germany's wsr against Ruaaia
and Germany's war against Belgium.
Prance and Rutland     Tbelr advice
to the workihfftneu to defend hl» conn.
try sesloasly against tbe Russian rings
true; but their opposition to attacks
on tbe western countries is evident,   j
"When IN Oerman soldier* return {
home nnd itll tbe »loi> et the met snd 1
compare notes witb   their   Socialisti
comrade* there will bo a terrific up-
b««val again** ?he theory ot 'Ksooo-
eafUtter* (tood for powder'!, wblch Is
really the foundation of the whole mill-
tary system ol tm cooalry.    Tbe es-
„.   „_*l    «.IM«*   ********   0**0    1**
the following passage:
"No Socialist of whatever nationality can wish the triumph of the present German government in the war,
nor that of the bourgeois French republic, least of all that of-the Cxar.
which would be equivalent to the subjection of Europe, and therefore the
Socialists of all countries are for
peace. But if it comes to war nevertheless, Just one thing is certain—
this war in which fifteen or .twenty
million armed men will daughter one
many are assured. If France is driven
Into the armb of Russia? If the fortunes of war, the arrogance of victory,
and the dynastic intrigues of Germany,
result in the plunder of French territory, two way* remain open: Either
Germany must become tlie opon tool of
the Russian spirit of conquest, or It
must prepare.Itself, after a short period, for a new 'defensive* war. Not
one of the 'localized' wars, but a race
war against the allied Slav and Latin
Here we have, in Marx's bitter su-
Mre, a branding of the idt>a that the
present German war itt a "defenslvo"
one, Jn view of Germany's conquest
of 1870, and also of the pretended efforts of 1he German government to
"localise" it.—New Review.
Canadian Pacific
In connection with
DAILY NOV. 7th to DEC. 31st Inclusive
Limit, Fivt Monthf; Stopover ud Extension
Full iiiforniatwn re rail mtl Steamship ti.-M*
flinn Ticket Agent5 or wrile
ft DAWSON, District Passenger Afttt
"tttaee tbe ■rtwf-'MwM 1***i*t*,
rfl 11
,t* rniiiiiii.t*
i!h» Soeist thmoentf etprotsed tbelr'
opinion tbat It wu necessary to wago
a demoereUe wnr against ftosstsn dee-:
pottsm, conditions havo changed eoo-
"Russia today la ne longer a straas-
boid of rasctteo. bnt It Is a last of to*
volution, Tbo overthrow of tbo monarchy aod Cearism Is now lis aim of
tbo Russian fmmte tn teeten nnd too
Raesian wctfcer hi portkwler.
The art**** -then toe* on to state
(tbat shortly bttnm tlm war was do*
i< tared Mwurta wsa ie the asftst of s
revoMleoary Mass tbat wm sweeping
t\m ttoomry, Cssrtsm bn* md t**»
nreakamtd by tba declaration af onti
bnt on tbe contrary it baa beon «en-
*tAtt*My ntnwetbtmtdr Tbe ont its
*U*» U* Atopokl* nmmwttmt a
sJmnso to emmet Uo kntrtd bt tmt
number ol Rssslm f»<Mt ie *«ln«f the
saswsnrby ani *t'tnit»». om mm ib*
tmOkteee* ef tbe people by Hn tntttn-
tbe enemies* Mumon," t» ib* j.*!***,
goes.    Tbla has been thaar eamwfe i* '
btt tbo battles of tbla rampsNtn. and
tbo (lorman tr<*H* themselves must
4    ■*>    -* i,4i.t * ** „    ■*■-**"*   %**!*&>'«        b   o**%   .-
diet tbat tbe mrthntn w||| b« bloodthirsty rorohitlofiai* wieii tbey roach
bom* again; and many of m wbo know
the learnt strength <* tbo aerates Ho-
eMlet aaovoment «iil not be surprised
If tba Katsor ssd hi* Pffadpal advleen
are sot -basted oo ■'-* lamp posts of
ttnim dm Wndea »t 'be end' if tb*
V-2Tim PosNte* of tbs Amet mmm
■Tben ti a *m ttettnl tAon^k ftrtaf ,
stowmsmt ef Ka«;*k.r la tb* Sm
ten ot Anm*t 1* ai te tbe probebt*!
mm ot tbe war    ft b^ffiui with te- j
isrstogr tb* tmrft*m td *k* thtrtr that
Prince   *«4   K'u!*o4   !i*d   follow-
td     Rossi*      .Mo     tb*     war -
spporwntlr    t-m    ****i    teePMertnt
Mrs. 3. Jennings, Prop, L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric light «
Hot it Cold Water-Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates hy the month
Hu tofts
tttt party
Bellevue Hotel
VpfoUitS — ttntp
m »o
tvnktlt  rot  LADif• AMO WCNUflltlt
4* *%* ©ALLAH, Pttm*
BtLUTVUI, AtU. ,. to
:•■-  '*-,<*''«^s-;
,       '.f"u ' l~-!j ,-j -*-       '^    ,".,". ~*>^* ,*" y     ' ■      "y>A '•*■  *■.:,v     ,-^i *    *  **v  '        v   * * *       -' .v*r\~   . ' ^ ^~-*v '       '    -*>-* *-
@i*e Bizltid £cb#tt
Published every Thursday evening: at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
Quite a little comment has been caused iu patriotic circles iu this town at the disinclination of
.some of.the minew-orkers to join the militia, while
tlie editor of the "the only patriotic paper in
town" has paused for a moment in liis harmless
pastime of smudging his window with red and blue
spots to breathe dire threats upon all who dare
utter auy remark disparaging to this particular
force. It may be stated right here that the mine-
workers have an objection to the militia, but they
have not extended this objection to the volunteers,
for one has only to look down the list of men who
left Fernie to go to the front and fight, to discover-
that a number of them were miners from Coal
(.'reek. We may be •wrong, but we have no hesitation in stating that some sixty per cent were union men and members of the II. M. W. of A. This
may be incorrect, in which case we are willing ,to
stand corrected. Nevertheless, every fair and unbiased individual will immediately see that the
mineworkers Qf tills camp have more than done
their share in providing "food for powder" at the
front. Now, Mr. Header, let us have a look at, the
number that the tradesmen of this town have provided for the volunteer contingent. So far as Ave
know there has lieen but one solitary member from
a tradesman's family iii this town who has offered
to bear arms in the defense of the Empire. Remember, there may have been many who volunteered but were not chosen, of this we cannot speak.
Now the question Naturally occuring to the   fair-
so anxious to let one particular elass have all the
glory ? Was it because their generosity is so munificent that they would not dare rob the wage-
earner of an opportunity to get killed? Did they
think that they 'had done their little bit when they
stuck a flag on their building or a few yawls of bunt
ing on their shop fronts? There are among the citizens of Fernie men capable of unbiased judgment.
a.iid'..yre do not wish any remark to be taken as personal, but we <Io wish to impress on these citizens
the simple truth why the coal miner has an objection to the very name of the militia. Both on this
side and the other side the arm of the force haa
been used to protect the masterclass in his efforts
to defeat Hie worker. On Vancouver Island the
niincworker found the militia defending the Celestial who wus .stealing the bread out of his family's
mouth. lie saw Mr. Bowser's Chinee guarded hy
militia; he saw the job that should be his, in his
"own country" (that he is now asked to defend)
given to the (>le*tinl, and the militia wmh used to
save the ChittAtnairK xltiu in ease the white mine-
worker kicked. Nevertheless, when the call e«me
for VOIA'XTKKRS these men responded; when the
call camo for FIGHTING MEN. tliey went. Hut
now there is a call for militia they do not mhiii m
The incident!* referred io above are too recent
in the utinda of those who abhor b militia uniform,
but now. on another page is a report of the alacrity
with which the authorities nw» tho«» who have
sworn to defend their country and countrymen,
when the worker* refuse to accept condition*-, tut*
posed upon thwn that spell a decrease in their
♦-standard of living. Hossland and Nnnaimo have
already had their unpleasant experiences with the
militia, ami now Hevelstoke is added to the list.
TV**' are nil in the province of British Columhia.
the white man's p»radim»! Similar incidents in
the eastern province ami the various state* of
the republic to the south of ns are too numerous to
mention. Kveu in democratic ' 'A Kngland Kestb«»r-
fclouehuugh t« not forgotten by thorn* nun residing
in'this ponritry,
Tlie ordinary Im-wiiiew* tun it dom not give the
iiicimImth of the working *dnm mueh credit for intel*
ligwe. nml thin, in ninny iwrtsiicwi. i* nol Jo he
wonder*!*! hI, judging by I he rapidity with which
mvikthrr-*,*.!**? tht- working Aom Iforgft. or Mt lesmtl
i\**it*.ii****.!»   t-l,„   tvj,**t*i*?***t   tt**itii'ft*t,-X*'   ,tif-'At.,!r*it  #*t-*^»*v»   *
TKr< ' hiv-t'-tr :i *r*»* nVI mih-hi "The j^vV."^
UiM-y Umuy {'um'* I" the Well hilt g* U \*r*>)itii nt I
l**t" Ths* h tbt -nuM' with tht wit-ritSmf ■rhmA,
The f?cling of tli«lik«* for the militia in i*«ni.w<|u«*iilJ
>).,*.it   ♦ **■*   n-i...   •,.   ti <ii,.*ti   ♦ l.r.v   t-i■>•»i-#v  t*».»r>**>   tmt       "Itii*'
♦l«iolat(*»ji of IWtia, i wonhl rether lt*o*\ lhr{
primriw path of ilalltanee," afiplira lo those pa-j
triotic .'** in«liri*ttn«l« who hobble over with #mthn-[
nm*m in th«»ir lov*> of e-ntintty prmitl-wl it thtm wot
«liaa*m»nsly affee* th-eir material inter-rat*. Kmy
tley tte ***■ <«i»r>- nnd molf «*x*Htt|»M»**»l that «*"»♦»• |
i > ■ ' : • ,*■ )'.**■ ■■t'riz fit*-t'ir *-*t j.iu'A "m 1
it-rtat**. Tm- M«»rk*r »<««** not a|tpr**rit*e ihe miiifwj
* „■ : , ..-j , .« .(jff.-i.-ht r-'i#ni* -to him* Tb.- hnm*.
ti,-*** mit it 'h*\t]i*t> *i(*t»fl*lcrir»g n rift** when bim own'
ntlnt^ - if »*c ftfar***! Mt imnfMnly dnrinw h«« ah- *
«.,.*•,.. t„ 'bi* 1i%h' "f o""rHrr* *h*a *pht}n*r*r*hr>
tdhitw etf iimmtmitml hy th<« imlivirt«Mir» m»t«Hi«i)
*tin*'OtM»hnjr«, »ml not n« tin* it|c*d«»ff'**N claim fh*t i
tfc-r rrx**n** '** ihe nil*-.. I
Ask anybody from the .prairie'-provinces how
business is, and the ch&nces are the reply will be
''Rotten!'' Ask anybody from Fernie how business chances are, the reply -will be ''Rotten!"
Does this suggest anything particular? Yes; that
there is a similarity regarding the state of affairs
in both localities. Right enough. Does it suggest anything else? Yes; that this is going to be
a hard winter for many people throughout the
country, o far so good. On the prairie wheat is
grown; from this grain flour is produced and with
flour there is but little la'bor required to trans-
fom. it into bread.
Iu Fernie, Michel, Corbin and at other points
along the Pass there is abundance of coal. On the
prairie it is fully expected that the residents wMl
suffer because of insufficient warmth being procurable, they not having, the money to buy coal. In
Fernie and the other mining camps along the Pass
the problem confronting many of the workers is
how are we going to feed ourselves and families
through this winter. Where does the shoe pinch ?
In other words, who is to blame for this idiotic state
of affairs? Some may hurl their shafts of bitterness at the capitalists. This is a boomerang—the
sheerest nonsense. Instead of going so far afield
td find a peg on which to hang their hat. keep the
hat on and in nine cases out of ten the individual
wearing it is the man to blame.  ,
When it is a question of operating machinery of
all kinds the working class displays great intelligence. They dig coal, but cannot.buy, therefore
su|fer inconveniences.* The farmer tills the soil,
sows and reaps grain, but has not the money to buy
What is the reason for this anomaly ? The farm-
Ser and the miner allowed themselves to be hoaxed
at election times in voting into power those who
make the laws for the protection of the class that
controls the de-stinies of the working class, be they
miners, farmers or other aggregations of the producing elass. A hundred years hence (perhaps
less) When the historians examine the records to see
the character of the individuals who were living in
the previous centuries, he wiil be puzzled to explain
their actions and will wonder what kind of brain
they possessed. If charity eovereth a multitude
of sins then be (the historian) will put a mantle
of generous proportions over the sans of omission
and commission, of the so-called enlightened electorate.
Government elevators, government ownership of
ruilroadis, conl mines, etc., old age pensions, com-
the conditions of a few individuals, but they can
never extricate the working class from the abyss of
To accomplish their own salvation it must be
through the medium of education, and that education they are now being taught in the school of
hardknocks. They (the workers) have allowed
themselves to be hoodwinked so often and for so
long that they surely will realize that the only
route to follow in order to see their way out of the
wilderness k firstly to throw off the blinkers that
they have worn se placidly nnd joii those of their
class who are making a thorough study of why
conditions are as they are. It may be "A long
way to Tipperarj*," but there is a goodly crowd
now travelling it, and with the continuance of hard
times as a spur, they .who are suffering will be
more receptive to the teachings of the students
of t|»e "dismal science" clubs.
Mr. Working Man, no matter whether you are
iu mine, workshop or on a farm, it is up to you lo
get busy and Kttidy where yon stand in society today. If your cow fell iu Ute mire, Mr. Farmer,
you wouldn't simply stand by doing nothing hut
growl and swear at the Road Department, bnt
would he putting forth every effort to pull the
boast out of the hole. Apply the same intelligence
to yonr present difficulties; get yourself oni of the
hole, not by railing at somebody else, hut by studying the root causes of your trouble. This applies
with equal force to all wage earners.
At the coming convention of the A. V. of h., to he
held in Calgary. Monday. October 12th. there w-WI
he a strong delegation representing District 1$, V,
M. W. of A., conx-wting of officers of the District
and UwalM. Due of the vital questions to he discussed after the adjournment of the Convention in
the unemployed problem, in which there will Ih*
participants from all the labor organization* thnt
have headquarters in Calgary, and also the civic
authorities will he on hand itt sny what they deem"
the lH**t phiu t«* pursue to meet the emergeneie*
present and prospective.
It in no use blinking our eyes to the fact that
there is foiisiderable privation right in onr midst.
Work in Ihi* locality has Imhti fitful *inre the beginning ol' the y*nv, ami now it m mer the vanimti-
"**itt  n/sl-nt W'liilni.   I,.   .!«•.•*.>   **.   I.!.  rt   :,ft   It   ' '   *) '   »  '
t* *    * i-tt If* * ''   j
TW 1}y,\l   -ii-wt* ■■*!>},■  vfTi  1,,V,*i,i \*-*1lii,nr.?iVr*   fi.y
llli' iiMr.'ifH'il (U'aiiiUiHin is Un U ia miiv lo Uk« plan*.
(Continues trom Page One)
ing to appoint an /(arbitrator, and
.place'this, privilege upon the govern-
metit instead, which invariably appoints a memiber of the capitalist
olass, making a majority of the board
favorable to the masters,
"Resolved, that we members ot
Manitoba District C. P. R. System
Division Xo. l, Commercial telegraphers Union of America, instruct
our delegate to the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada to work for the
repeal of the Lemieux Act."
This resolution  was  left  over  to
hear President Watters' report, which
was as follows:
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act.
Because of the shortness of the session the time required to grant franchise, vote money and otherwise give
aid to the privileged classes to further exploit labor, and to the illness
of the Minister of Labor, the House
had no time to devote to a consideration of the plea of the exploited for
amendments to the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act. Draft amendments to the act were submitted to
the government at the interview
which took place in January, These
amendments provide for men who
have heen discharged or are on strike,
still being, employees, within the
meaning of the act, making the decision, of the Minister of Labor final in
appointing a board, giving authority
to the minister to appoint a board,
notwithstanding the absence of com-
pli.ance with any of the provisions of
the act, removing the penalty attached to giving and receiving benefits
by and from a trade union, and preventing any court or judge from in
any way interfering in the administration of the act. At subsequent Interviews with the (Minister of Labor
these amendments were pressed for.
Being advised that the Minister ot
Labor proposed to amend th© act in
some vital particulars, close watch
was kept to see that nothing of an
injurious nature was introduced. The
minister repeatedly gave assurance
that your representative, together
with the representatives of the Railway Brotherhood, would be consulted
before anything was done. With regard to several suggested* amend
ments, such as the extension of the
act to include all classes of labor and
the prevention of workmen under penalty of refusing to work with a non
union man, your representative registered' a vigorous protest. The latter
provision was offered as the connple-
TOnrT)fTW"mployer being prohibit
ed from discriminating or discharg
ing an employee because he was a
mem-ber of a union. On the other
tend suggestions were made to the
minister that the Act could be amend
ed, with advantage to all concerned,
by providing for tbe appointment ot
a board on the application of eUher
party to a dispute, ln any or all industries not now affected by the act,
without In any way Interfering with
the right to strike or to declare a
lock-out. and that such appMcation
could be made by either party before
or after a strike had been called or
a lockout declared. The Act as it
now stands requires the consent of
both parties to the dispute; If amended as proposed to the minister, either
party would hsve the right to obta»n
the appointment of a board.
"Two d*ye before the session elw
ed, wblb *!iu tsllniute* were before
the Ilous.s In reply to a question by
Mr. Carroll as to whether the Minister had under consideration during
the session, nmendtneatg to tho net,
the. minister sold:
'"I gave a great deal of consideration to some proposed* amendments to
thia act, but we had not lima to bring
them down this session, it it miy In.
tentlon during recess to issue soma
kind of a circular—I will aot send out
the whole bill—calling the attention
of Isbor unions and employers of labor to suggested amendment* la a
general war, and asking what suggestions appear to them desirable.'"
The Convention decided to wait for
the suggested amendments to Uie Industrial Disputes Act to Ue submitted
to the labor organisations for their
approval or disapproval before moving nny further In tbe natter.
Hon. Mr. Crothers, Minister of
Lebor, addrwated the Convention on
the ttth, giving tha same old political
atmnp speech.
Retarding unemployment .tke speaker mid It waa a «ifitenH problem;
tk* greatest hardstitji sas the want
latter, who had charge of the Va^
couver Island strike, charged the
Minister of Laibor with being mainly
responsible for the condition's how
prevailing on Vancouver Island, ow-
ing to Crothers not having used the
machine provided 'by the government
to the best interests of the miners ot
Vancouver Island. He also accused
Mm of making a statement that he
(Farrington) the "foreign, agitator"
was responsible for the strike, and
not the miners of Vancouver Island.
And that he took this attitude for the
benefit of the Washington operators
so that fhey would get the coal trade
as a result of the strike on Vancouver Island. Mr. Farrington emphatically declared that this assertion by
the (Minister of Labor was false, and
that it was by repeated request of
the Vancouver Island -men for the assistance' of the united 'Mine Workers
owing to the very deplorable conditions that existed there, that they
decided to go In there and to try and
better the condition of the mineworkers there. Further, that he was instructed to go there by tbe President
of the U. M. W. of A., J. P. White,
and that they had been on strike for
a considerable time there before it
was endorsed by the United Mine
The Hon. Crothers replied to Mr.
Farrington, but his explanation was
very unsatisfactory, and after a vigor-
bus discussion, a resolution was adopted condemning the 'Minister of
Labor on the ground* that his department had failed In. Its duty in connection with this strike of the miners
on Vancouver Island.
At the Friday's session 1 took the
opportunity to ask the privilege of
putting before the Convention a resolution from District 18. I would
like to point out here that according
to the rules of the Trades and Labor
Congress, all resolutions should be In
ten days before the Convention sits,
and that resolutions put in after that
can only be accepted by a two-thirds
vote of the Convention. The privilege was accorded, and the vote taken
and carried. The resolution was as
"Owing to the awful disaster at
Hlllcrest. June 19th, 1911, In which
hundreds of orphans and widows were
left without bread winners, and were
left entirely dependent upon the public for support, therefore be It resolved that the Trades and Labor
Congress in convention assembled
vote a sum of money towards the aid
of theae widows and orphans,"
resolution over to the Wayia and
Means Committee for consideration.
The committee decided, after getting
my explanation of the conditions. prevailing through distress, to recommend the convention to donate tbe
sum of $500 the the HlHcreet Relief
Fund, same to be forwarded to A. J.
Carter, Secretary-Treasurer of Dist.
18, U. M. W. of A. I am pleased
to say this resolution was carried unanimously by the convention.
There were over 60 resolutions sub-
mitted lo the convention dor consideration. (Most of them were requests
for legislation to benefit the working
class, and at times there was considerable discussion by the delegates
upon these merits Qf auch suggested
I had the honor of being on the
Committee of immigration, and only
found It necessary to occupy a few
minutes of the convention's time In
expressing my views, i feel, however, that I expressed the views of the
majority whom 1 represented, both
on this matter and on the other matters that came before tbe convention.
In ray remarks to the convention I
contended tbat if all tbe energy ot the
working ohus was put forward In an
effort to unionise and educate themselves to realise tbelr position In so.
det)\ they would then be In s -position
In every country to make conditions
such thst emigration would not be
deslredv and farther that they would
not be In the position of appealing
to the government for restriction* to
control Immigration. 1 pointed out
to the convention tbst while the mtn
I was representing were miners, wa
were responsible for the first compensation aet and eight hour aet in-
trodveed In the Dominion, farther
that the mine workers were instruments! in electing the flrtt isbor re-
preseatstivea to the legislative assemblies of the Dominion, who In-
eluded such men as Hawtbornwalte,
Parker Williams and <". M. O'Brtea.
is founded on facts, and these faces
occurred In. the life of a girl of sixteen years of age.
iThe above is from.the Universal
Weekly, and we must confess, after
reading the strange adventures of
Miss Cunard* who was born of -French
parents, *but educated at Columbus, O.,
that the author of "Lucille Love" has
.found his heroine in real life.
At the behest of the local educational authorities a census was taken several months ago of the children of
Fernie, West Fernie and the outlying
community of -Cokato. Fernie. and
West Fernie are under the jurisdiction of the City Board of Trustees,
but Cokato's interests are under the
Provincial authorities. ■
What action they have taken we do
not know, but so far as any material
evidence of it is concerned, it Is by
no means evident nor presumptive.
Winter.is fast approaching, and it is
highly important that some steps be
taken without further delay looking
to the accommodation of the children
of school age living In the western
outskirts of the town. During the
summer months a.walk of a mile or a
mile and a half does not work any
great hardship upon a healthy, child*,
but when the wintry blasts make their
presence known; accompanied by
heavy falls of snow, there are dangers and discomforts for children of
tender years in tramping from Cokato
to the Central school. Particularly
as the only available route Is along
tbe railroad track of the €. P. R.
Under such circumstances it is not
surprising that-parents are loth to
send their youngsters to school, furthermore, as there are considerably
more than the required number of
school age living in the district under
consideration, the Educational Department ought to see to it forthwith
tb£t measures he taken to furnish the
means of acquiring knowledge, to the
future citizens and - citizeneeses of
Canada. '
That the Department is fully alive
to the situation g»es' without saying
as they have had the data long
enough to enable them to judge of the
crying need of Fernie's sutourt).
There is aa old saying, "The Lord
helps those who help themselves,"
hence would suggest that all adults in
Cokato should come together in mass
meeting and make a loud and insistent appeal to the .'Minister Of Education that they be granted suitable educational facilities at an early date,
Classified Ms. -Cant t Word
FOR RENT—Four roomed house, neat
kitchen, clothes closet, toilet, electric light fixtures, water, etc. Apply 158 Pellatt Ave. 248
POR RENT—Two unfurnished rooms,
suitable for light housekeeping, in
Beck Block. Apply T. Beck, In-
gram's Cigar Store. 249
WiAiN!TED—Active, reliable man as
local agent. New steering device
for Ford automobiles. Guaranteed.
Sells fast. Good money for right
man. Ford Equalizer Co., 52S Bur-
rard street, Vancouver.
Apply, 60 MacPherson Ave.
Buy Direct from Grower
Crawford Bay British Columbia
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to thk workingman's trade
G. A. CLA1K .•-.• Proprietor
and peaceful security as '.well.
With a polloy in our old Une
company, you can go ott on your
vacation or visit the ends of tha
earth ami you know you're secure.   Tbe best ln
to always cheapest, and eapeol-
a«y so when lt doesn't cost
higher. Dont deiay shout tbat
renewal or about that eafcra in-
surance you want but come right
in ait once and have it attended
Established AprU 1899
Wholesale and Retail   TobdCCOHtSt
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good*
but it is well known when this had
been done, Us value depreclsted. It
iBliht. however, beromn rrmmtf ttt
the Koventiffeat to make an Issue, but
it would ba a dangenms thing to do.
V**frft      ftltft       /st      r ■*****>*.   9- * i
taken me* nf, inrt tb* aiiett^ettyim*.
worker wanted no rhsrtty, he desired
.9      ..    a   .       , .^.9      %.        .     . . it0 •*"» M» every doHsr.    The «ov-
M*w thr fynmc ^ 1M-». Mtmef he* »»mi »ul*. «a-m«n tnumitd to do tit «tmo«t to
scrilml for the Patriotic KiiihI, a portion thereof solve the problem and better eeadi-
ctm-nM ht* 1***1,1 fur »♦<»« ruin,.,-.. ,,t rt*Mt>tf<*'•>.„ t.   f    ■ tlrm* eremrttVIr
at money, and the Impossibility of M e*l*«««d the opinion tlmt If the
borrowing il li h»4 b»<n saU n»ut 'deletstes iiM*m»»)«l r»pi*»*»B*l«m *»
th* foverRment «wM make money, jlh** ** thousands of labor m#a in
the Dominion, would become as progressive as the minew-orkare there
would be no need to ask the rs^re-
aeaUtlven in the honsea of parliament
for legislstton to benefit tlm condt*
MiW    etf   Itin    m-nttH'tirtit,    »1*>'*     *<*.    it*-,.,
would bur* tbelr owe  tn*wdm* le
tbe le-fitlatfve hall*
gnard the Interests
Tbere would be an tad to begglaf im
ami eofwallng--we should hare ear ■
!«ww ww-fi  rnbn wwiM  It* ttionmetix*'
r*ndy to safe-J i
Of    th«, CUS. ||
Fernie's leading Picture Theatre
^▼•ry Friday
Tht WtrMt mmtmt ttevtet Fletsre ferial
mciIXE I,OVE,   «£«r
rftiOAv, ocr. e-btnitb n* a.      "7"wy
tt is stiff a »•#* »*mI m** nm tt wfts fettwwK LvcRIe aad tbt toy
iA^w|    9 M99^^nOji9    ^--^K^bW j-^^^^ ' ^^k^^^i.    u^.^^^^^ '' ___^ mi _m in^i at Www
■m MKnn* aaeapea wmity note usnfvrs.
timls mf th* «*ri|i|»l«t nn thi- imlmtrw! iM«l.    Thr>j
«-ily authorities ahrinld get lnisy making tin* prHim
inarjr arranfemeirts t«t m«*«t the exigent-i*% thai,*m.
mil fail l» materializ**.
It ia little short of folly for thia eity t.. w.n,|
mmry »•» ill tan■* uhrti exert -wnt wilt lw* M*mtnl j
f,*d*t kf-r- h, tht- ^thi Tnithxtii'-v ■ .niu A A''
eXpertM t«» thmntt- >iti»«.y that will br w»! \,* ttt.
taws stwl ft,**r-f \tVf\y titan wd iwvtr l«e »*«*>ti W J;
in Ihf* t«>«n lb*r* aiv few if anjr fl«*|»*mfknN m
V*rni*„ anil *mtU«.** a large. tmntWr et msrrwHil! ^.*, -.-,
t-ftlrtrt^.-r nr *h"i?t n..f Vn*.» ;\\\r Fnnn.!, f.': !*., t
with ih^ nnmWr <if single men lii Ifltwt there sIkhiM
nol t*t* nny iM-i'il f>»r tho-v- with ftimilicx lent in,; f s
th**- ffwmf.
The Minister of Ubor at** „ f<yr J conversant with our needs.
treat deal ot eriUdsm from dale-
gates Moore aad Partington,     The
|   CSrafstdfettetfatmrnltisfpoftaiietit
■' men ann tmmfn |»*«t fftt* *j*,*iiri nf it«»;
) H k#*t» ttp thtdr mrmgCk, and "tke Si-
{food in Scott's RaraMM is a wurWWaf
. faoil,a<witiewasnUrisH* aednewtnttdnm
i umie lo mutate tke fwwrtkww,
, Et eottuia* tins i»«dki*ti In* af pwn
co* I Uaet oil nei sd*»» pnmm tbm tbtf
tmaidt tmke a* araeii cwrmy as ester
fwA t!v u tua, Ct cu.il,.. |mu« Umwl,
•iMip-ca* Ut* appti-t-t*, nifev-m tbmumn
tbm, ttttwethtm tb* htdfnndntltr¥ktm
tke niltxwm*due Ut 'liHrltuina >«srs.
Sem'* i* bum. fames wfat*, aleiMI tt
banslW *!m<*i.   UrmrttA    '
Rwprc*f uir eabmktt-d,
TurfiHuf fspe-rieneti SMe-w* m the
ftuMit **«r« fcnactet in Real
Ufa by Grace Cwuei
Tbst "truth is «fr»n«wr thtn fie*
ttooT is a irmsBi m trtte tbst It Is b#-
fftmlsat lo lm* hn mteUy-r    But U ott-
nttfr mn in rfte,-,;« af *ucQI« Uv«-
ino wtmAnttet tam* mm wtm Isj
now telnt r*t^-i«s by the Vnlveraai
me llaatisrufrtai; Cwmtmmr     Wbtl.-
"Vo<m* tdtr*. -^ am ot ttftknepri
*,K?'jr*SAY . ■U-ATili-LL M*H wtntiimin *
In Tfe* Wmmm of
t Rests—A irtmrfBf drama tf tfcthfe tr Rag* folks ia wfetak
lousy plays tke chief part.   *oU et entente ttmemn net a tta'rtl-
la« ellmax.
mmm tp/neoondoj nod Tkmndoy.Ontnoor tAlt, mnnn MeRtt M tbe
Tht Pnmtrtm Political Onmn
4 F«rt*-TH1 RINO AKO THtMAN-t Farta
tiem tbo story ky Cyras T^aasad Bnrtr.
COMINO Wtdneeday and Thoniny. Ost. ttm. tbmtm
• Rtttt  OLD CURIOtlTV tMO»-4 Moele
t*roAo*m ky tbe Httttsb and Coftmiai fttsn Co*, oa Msiarkal Kaa-
Hsb prattle.    Ikiiitpttltt fttm te Tterttl (NwrfVM ~
*#4«iWWNW^^SMf«^^ JpJ*lT**:.f,--S
K'ix*jir - -
News  of The  District Camps
Tbin'gs are going from bad to worse
up here. Since our last issue some
of the mines, have not started1 yet.
No. 1 East and No. 1 South have
worked two days.
The Methodist Church waa again
filled to overflowing on Wednesday
evening last to hear Dr, Westman, of
Calgary deliver his illustrated lecture
• "The tMaking of the Man." The first
half of the programme consisted of
views of the country of Canada
wliich were well received. During
the second half a large number of
photographic slides were sbown.
We learn that Wm. ^Puckey has received a large consignment of up-to-
, date music from the old country, among  which is Included  the  popular
ditty*, "It's a long way to Tipperary."
AVe are pleased to report that ihe
choir ot the Coal Creek Methodist
church are making' great headway
under the capable tuition of Chas.
O'Brien. Three prominent tenor
singers are the latest addition. Practice for this week only will be Thursday evening at 7, Instead of Friday.
Sirs. Dr. Workman, and* Mrs. Dava
Martin are the committee for Coal
Creek in charge of the sale of tickets
for the Patriotic Ball to be held in
Fernie on Thanksgiving night.
Mr. and Mrs. Bert Booth have taken
up their residence on Cov>'e ttreet
Harvest thanksgiving services will
be held in the Methodist church. In
tlie eveaing.the choir will render the
anthem "Rejoice in the Lord." Tlie
church will be decorated by. the Ladles' Aid with contributions of flowers, fruit and vegeti! les. Owing to
the hard times the church committee
. will not canvass the camp, but all
who can are asked to donate. Should
any exhibitor require the return of
his exhibit he should mark it "required." It is hoped that all wbo can
will lend a hand with decorations on
Friday night.
The local Moose thoroughly appreciated the late train placed at tbeir
disposal by the coal company on Mon-
==day,=i*igijw"^ ^
•Mlsa Annie Billsborough. of French
Camp, entertained a number of her
friends oa her birthday Saturday last,
$3.00 and costs or spend one month
at Macleod.    The line was paid.
A rather unfortunate accident'' occurred at McGillivray Creek Coal
Co.'s mine on Wednesday of last week
in which Paul Alozon received such
injuries which terminated fatally; on
Thursday night It appears that
along with his partner theyi had just
put up a prop. Alozon moved' down
the room a little way and his partner
gave the prop a tap to see that it was
secure. The prop, however, fell out
of its place and fell, striking Alozon
and dislocating hia nook. Paralysis
set in from which deceased sucoumlb-
The funeral took place on Saturday
last from the parlors of Davis the undertaker to the Catholic Church, and
from thence to the B. C. Cemetery.
The members of Carbondale Local N'o.
227, and many friends, followed to the
Joe Scott was up before Inspector
Gunget, charged with assaulting Mrs.
Malsack. For this little affair Joe
was deprived of $11 and costs, or two
months detention in Macleod. The
fine was paid.
On, Thursday night a party of about
thirty of the Coleman lodge of the I.
0. O. F. journey to Bellevue to assist
at the opening of a new lodge at
Bellevue. A most enjoyable time
was spent.
.Colin McKenzie, from New Day/ton,
has taken over the duties of teller at
the Bank of Commerce, Coleman.
Mrs. Davidson, of the -Rebekah
Assembly, Calgary, paid a visit to
Coleman on Wednesday evening last
and was entertained by the Rebekahs
of the local lodge. After business a
pleasant evening was spent.
Bob Easton is on a visit to his son
Alexander in Wyndham, Montana.
Work at the International Coal Co.
and McGillivray Creek Mines is the
worst experienced In the history of
both mines. . Still we are not quite
so bad as other mines in' the Pass.
■Born to Mr and Mrs, William Fraser on Monday, Oct. 5th, a son. Mother and child both well.
Born to Jlr. and Mrs. W. Cox, a
daughter.     Mother and child well.
place at a Slav wedding at wblch
Mike was a guest. Mike had to Hnd
On Wednesday of last week Osly
Gska.was brought up before inspector Gunget on a charge of assaulting
one (Mike Gorsaf.     The affair took
—MatriStt—At the" Catholic Church,
Mondlay, October *3th, by the Rev.
Father Swenceskl, O.M.I., of Fernie,
MIsb G. Douiy* to Mr. Walter Bob-
bltt, of Coleman.
Vice-President W. Graham and Mrs.
Graham, returned Saturday morning
from St. John's, N:B., where William
has been attending the convention of
the Trades sod Labor Congress.
Several skirmishes took place at
the celebration of a Slav wedding In
Coleman on Monday. Up to the time
of writing several casualties have
been reported.
Thursday evening marked the inau-
guration of a new lodge of the I.OX).
F: here in Bellevue, the Lyric
Theatre being used for the occasion.
G. M. Henderson was ably assisted by
Odd Fellows of the surrounding district iij initiating 58 of Bellevue's citizens into the mysteries of Odd Fellowship, and from information to
hand they have the making of a lodge
that will he a credit to the organization the world over. The following
were elected to office for the first
term: -NT. G.—H. Barlass; V. G.—Rd.
F. Randall; R.S.X.G.—Dr. .McKenzie;
L.S.N.G.-HW. H. Chappelljr.; RjS.V,
O,— Walter Scott; L.S.V.G. — IDr.
Moore; Warden—A. May; Conductor
—J. Rudd; Recording Secretary—A.
Hamilton; Chaplain—Rev F. T. Cook;
Financial Secretary—D. McMillan; J.
G.-~J. Painter; O.G.—J. Dudley*; R. S.
S.—S. Humble;  LjS.*S.—D. Davidson.'
After business was concluded they
adjourned to the Workers' Hall where
supper was served by the Ladles' Aid
of tbe Methodist- Church ■ A . most
enjoyable evening was terminated in
the wee sima' hours. We understand
that the present dispensation will be
kept open for one nionth, and that
the lodge will meet every Monday
evening in the Eagles' Hall until one
more suited to their requirements is
Mr. Albert Hall worth pulled off an
horticultural stunt that might be of
interest to the Ledger readers in the
Pass. He is the fortunate owner of a
garden that is yielding peas still with
a foot of snow over them. Did you
•have the lamb with 'em, Albert?
'Dick Morrell, who has been under
treatment here for cancer for some
weetks, left on Thursday night looking
pretty sick. He is travelling to
Derbyshire, England.
The early and heavy snowstorm
which visited here last week-end,
caught many of the sporting enthusiasts. Some of them had a rather
tough time getting home,
the tvorm" was amplified when -Big
Jack and  his Inseparable chum ap
eration for appendicitis in Diamond
City Hospital last week, is reported
as doing hicely. The operation, was
performed by Doctor D'Arc and G. B.
Jack Davis returned from his ranch
again this week and made his headquarters at Tonys.
- 'Big Paul returned from his homestead the latter part of the week and
startedi to work right away.
.The court ol enquiry, better known
as the Board of Arbitration, did not
meet as scheduled on Sunday, and the
rumor tbat the tool trouble as regards
fines of $5.00 fell through is not without foundation. Quite a number
were supplied with their back time
last week and told to "git" on account of sending out dirty coal. One
miner was alao fined for smoking
about the works on the surface.
Last Friday night at the union
meeting a discussion arose as to the
high cost of living, which Is supposed
to be caused by the war. One individual, however, went and told Ol-
sUiaskli, the grocer, that the .union
were going to boycott him because he
was charging too much for his groceries. Of course the storekeper got
wild about it, and wanted to know
why the union was doing this. Who
wouldn't? It would 'be well if these
half-bred union men would savvy .before they get talking too much about
what goes on at union meetings..
Quite a strong staff of outside
workers were kept busy on Tuesday
clearing tracks from the snow that
fell since last Friday. Cars that had
been Jeft standing on the tracks were
blocked solid..
Robert Allen, of West Lethbridge,
was visiting friends at Coalhurst for
a few days this week.
.Mrs. Grippe returned to Coalhurst
Monday night from Regina, where
she has been on a business trip to the
ranch. The Pacific Hotel boasts a
colored boy, bran new from sunny
climes, who will shine shoes, carry
heavy grips and do all kinds of other
sensible tricks for a pleasant smile—
and a few dimes. The proprietor haa
done well to add to his staff in such a
Songs, recitations and dancing waa
the order until the wee sma' hours,
while Archie MoDonaldi's fishing tackle was responsible for a good fish
■breakfast. After which the party
betook themselves to the stubble,
with the exception of two disciples of
the celebrated Isaac, who tried their
luck at fishing. Like the fishermen
of old the anglers toiled all day, but
caught nothing, whilst the gunmen
were full of good excuses 'for their
short comings. However, the slaughter was about equal to one bird per
gun, whilst Jake brought down six
chicken. There is no truth in the rumor that Mat Dennis shot Mike Torpy
in the right side or the left side—or
the other side, and from what we can
learn everyone thoroughly enjoyed
The mine here worked one day. last
week, but as there is no prospect of
work this week quite a bunch of miners got their cheques and pulled out
■Amongst those who left the cami
are Allen Turner, Jamea Cook, Frank
Palmer, Joe Bishoff, John Hutchinson
and Ed. Thomas, the' Utter returning
to Montana, where he waa formerly
employed: Owing to snow falling continuously for the past 48 hours, the
ground is covered to a depth of over
two feet
jMost of the visitors to the Butte
Ranch last week subscribed to a presentation to .Mrs. Watson in recognition of her kindness to them on that
occasion. The presentation will be
made in the Lyric Hall on Wednesday
The band has arranged a dance for
'Monday night iu the Social Hall. Admission, $1.00.
Will the correspondent who knows
a man named Joe Gibson publish his
whereabouts in the Ledger, as there
are some friends of his in Taber who
would like to hear from him. He
was last heard of at Blairmore, two
years ago.   '
In the olden days all roads led to
Rome. These days they lend to tlio
Co-operative Store at Coleman where
a great
Special Sale of
Dry Goods
Men's wear and Shoes is in progress.
It is there tlie working man can get
warm clothing and shoes for himself
and children. It is there he has to look
for necessities at reasonable prices. It
is there He Will Qet Ten par
COnt Discount on wearing apparel which he and his will heed this
coming winter. Until the 17th inst.
this remarkable sale is on with its liberal discount. Working men the Cooperative store is your best friend-
Support it.
Western Can. Co-Operative
peered with a good' bag of ducks before breakfast on  Monday  morning.
Mr. A. Goodwin and Mr. W. Goodwin took in the Methodist concert at
Frank. .They report that Bob Dick-
en, Frank's celebrated comedian, was
on the top of his form.
A Catholic Church Is in course of
construction here.
Barney Bovio haa 'been idle some
weeks, suffering from some minor
throat trouble.
Mr. Sam Patterson -was the successful competitor In the billiard touma
ment In Cole's Pool Room, for which
he lifted a beautiful case of four pipes. Air. W. Sloan was second, and
he secured a similar case, but only
two pipes.
Mr. Ostlund, solicitor, Lethhridge.
was In town on business relative to
the question of who owns the land
ou the south-west and west side of
tho Uellevoe Mines, on which a number of Bellevue miners hsve built
their houses. The West Canadian Co.
clHlui ownership and wish the men to
movo their property. Some of ths
men have been living there for a number of years, some even before the
above mentioned company got their
title. They claim tbat they have been
paying rent for same to the Hlllcrest
Coal Company. Mr. Ostlund. accompanied by James norke, went over
the disputed srea on Saturday. Mr,
Ostlund, who Is hsndllng the case for
the men, left Immediately for Calf (try
to visit the Land Titles Office.
The war for an existence is still
rsglng her*, llie mine has been Idle
slaea Wedaesdsy of list week, and it
seems to be a question of doubt just
when it will open tm again, tf one-
tenth of the rumors are true, thsrs
will be a grast need tot ths formation
ef t patriotic teed to support those
wlo are without a |eh.
To thos* wbo have bom sniloasly
enquiring when the next union masting to to bo hsM, will slat* for their
laformatloa tbat tbe regular meeting
The school was closed on Monday
on account ot teachers and children
not being able to make tbe grade
through the snow.
Geo. Unchelenciu, an outside worker had a narrow escape with his life
on Saturday morning. He was working at the time about the box car
loaders, and somehow he was down In
tbe basement when the loader man
started to operate the machinery, preparatory to loading a. box car from
the belts. Nobody semed to be
aware that a man was Inside the basement until he let out a yell, and the
loader immediately stopped th* machinery. The unfortunate fellow got a
very bad stiueete arid Is now an Inmate of Diamond Hospital,
♦ ♦
♦ *-*»♦♦♦♦ ♦«>*--»♦•-»♦
The mines have been idle two
weeks and no signs of starting again
Bert Davis and Joe .Wilson came in
from their hunting trip with a big
black bear, one deer and one goat on
Monday last.
A big dance was held in Crahan's
Hall on Monday last, the hall being
musicians making no charge for services.
A. B. Trites was in town on Tuesday on .business.
Mr. Tom Williams, mine Inspector,
was down here on Tuesday with Mr.
Geo. O'Brien, giving instructions on
mine rescue work. Mr. O'Brien will
remain In Michel for two or three
weeks and deliver lectures on the rescue apparatus arid mine rescue.
The K.P.'s have changed their meeting night again, and in future will
meet every Wednesday night at 8
International Board1 Member Rees
and District President Phillips were
down here on Sunday and addressed
the local. The meeting was well attended.
District Secretary-Treasurer A. J.
Carter was here on Monday auditing
the Local Union books.
C. J. Eckstrom, proprietor of the
Dallas Hotel, Lethbridge, passed
away on Sunday night at the Gait
Hospital, following an operation for
appendicitis, which suddenly overcame him on Thursday of last week.
Mr. Eckstrom was well and hearty
on Wednesday. On Thursday,noon
he complained that he did not care
for any lunch. He went upstairs to
lie down. Members of the family
going up after lunch found him in a
state of great pain. Medical assistance was caled, and he iwas rushed
to the hospital where he was operated
on at 5.30. IThe disease was found to
be of a< malignant form, but he withstood the test well, and on Friday and
'Saturday was reported to be progressing favorably. A turn for the. worse
came on Sunday, and during the night
he passed' away.
IMr. Eckserom was well known to
many of the members of District 18.
and his hotel was the recognized rendezvous of members when in convention. The District Officers, upon receipt of the news of bis death, immediately dispatched a message of condolence to the family, and instructed
Board Member Larsen to attend, the
single garment be withheld by a manufacturer or is supplied to any firm
whatever, the war office will at once
take over the factory at which it ia
made and run it, giving the firm a certain percentage of the  profits.
The government has prohibited the
exportation of raw wool from England
to any other country.
(Confiscation! Eh? Wbat! In-
terfering with private enterprise? We
see what is done in time of stress,
during war times to supply the necessaries of life to men on the battlefield
but in tim.es of peace the workers on
the industrial field have perfect freedom to starve or freeze to death. Rummy system, isn't It?
Shiloh* Cure
JAmeriean Silk
LOXDOX, Oct. 6.—.According to the
Yorkshire Post, the war office ls taking drastic measures to secure an adequate  supply of  hosiery,  undercloth-
esrgiovesraTra-Bfher woolen goods for
the army and navy. All,,the manufacturers in Leicester, the chief center of the woolen industry, have 'been
Informed that their entire product of
heavy goods must be placed at the disposal of the war office, and that If a
They stood the test when all
others failed. They give real
foot comfort. They have no
seams to rip. They never become loose and baggy, as the
shape is knit in, not pressed in.
They aro GUARANTEED for
fineness, for style, for superiority of material and workmanship, absolutely stainless, and to
wear six months without holes
or replaced by new pairs free.
To every one sending us 50c
to cover shipping charges, we
will send, subject to duty, absolutely free:
Three pairs of our famouB
HOSE, with written guarantee,
any color, or
Three pairs of our Ladies'
Hose In Black, Tan or White
colors, with written guarantee,
DON'T DELAY—Offer expires
^_ when dealer in vour locality ln_
J8eiecTea.    Give color and size
The International Hosiery Co.
21 Blttner Street
Dayton, Ohio, U. S. A.
On September 17th the btatMnent
was t-Midi* tn our paiper that the sports
here were not a mtceesn. That ls
n«: emect. as our sports w*>ro a bedded success.
Tiie statement Is also made that
the reports of men suffering with
their eyes Is much exaggerated. It
Is certain thst tbe trouble In not near
us I'Rbt ss your Informant would hsve
I*, sppear,
I am asked to make th« foregoing
contradiction by the duly elected correspondent.
•     BIAVIR   MINIS  NOTM     ♦
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
On Wedaesdsy of last wee* severs!
Inhabitants of Beaver, Including Tom
Moore, Jake Kadlec. Archie McDon
aU, Ales Thompson, Bill Brown,
liarrr Drew snd John Lougbrsn, ic
eepted an Invitation trom George I.
Wood, the genial manager of thc
Butte Ranch, shout t miles from U< v
ver on tbe South ftork. to opea tho
...l   . XA   ...x*X\ ...T ^Tr!I!<*leke» sad oth.tr met* "rblfh were
lltb. ia tbe Woebmtf Ifsn. at lie ^ |0 N w ^^ ,„ |tat |ow,.
•Mr. Williams hss assumed the re
spoBSthltltles ot superintendent ol the
tfethodfst Sunday school.
► m m en -m on m -m *w w _t
<.***> Ai.Hi> not MO ft* ♦
ity.    Mr. Wood also sent s convey*
•we ia eknnt* ot Hmnnlt ■fTnrhridge.
to convey some of tho psrtr to 'he
shoot, whilst Archie McDonald roe
The same old story as regards work
In this camp. Two days per .week
seems to be the limit.
A number ot men have quit and
gone to work In the smalt mines lu
the vicinity.
Jim Green and Tom bave stsrted
work In the Domestic Mine.
Dove Dunn and Walter llarwood
hsve nim deepalrni of m'aking &
stake at the Canada West and have
made a start In tbe Domestic
Billy MoCrea bas gone to Superior}
Mine to run a machine, while Mike
Mclnnes' everlasting search for s job
bss come to a stop for a while hy him
getting a start as helper to Billy *Mc
Two new srrlvsls In camp sre
Percy from fllsce Bay.
tbe municipal election psesed off
very quietly. The ouly candidate**
nominated were tha labor men, Alf a.
Paterson snd Bd. Brown. Tbe form-
vt bold* office until tbe end of the
year, and Itroan for anothor yesr
This gives three tabor men on the
The suo-* storm of  the last  inn**
(toys ha* doti« considerable tinman* 'o
\trnne In tbls town.
H. G. 600DEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wa will furnish your house rrom cellar to garret and st hot.
torn prices. Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attentloa
If you nn satlsflsd, toll others.   If not satisfied, tsll us.
iXim  -wtff*   wan
"  ..A......  4.,.  *99 j     t*mi v-tofNMtiUNS   «*w*r  work* >o«»|
arett   f.^viivv,,l*,   ~**\-   \. ^.^.v kt-U .** *t>t..-ki*t ii*m ***m*i*mt.
» + + ♦»<** + + ♦ ++ + *
Tbt mine works! three days last
went nnd btotbed th* rav-d' trerb*
| wMb loads* can.    Monday was Idle.
Mr. Alfred Weteeee. ttteetueenr.
returned from a vacation ap tbt Psss
on Saturday,    ftt reports   a
thootln* irons. Nublng t«rk!e, Butte's j TfceJ* ba* keen *i.-*ri'*l mw nworJtj
Irish. Alberta's Pride aad other lot-{for ditch work #«**v<»*.,«^ «* ty* J***
artes.    They   won   Joined   at   the j First tbe council bhmdere I on their
ranch by tbe boat, J. Shearer <assist-1 by-law, and bavins thHr bonds prac-
. *..-.*»►*
i   \n.m*wam*  im.iwmammm*am^^a^mmaimmammmmmmi--^mmmmmmmmamm
Puntmi Dlr*etor
and   Kmbalmtr
HNMfttoftMfttippltaf atttf $tt up
coliman «*™%,nar«* almrta
....-.., **»»*, mm; —• -*> tintaowit »l
Journeyed from Coleman to assist ber I to tbe ratepaytr* Then *Hb t»o
sunt, Mrs. Watson (housekeeper! to thousand foot of ditch opened, prscie-
r*l«r tor tbe party.    Miko Torp.r sad »lly m one day, tbere wis a •stay of
Bert Lamb, who bad tkarge of the
thrwtbtng outfit, won also preaoM.
ta welcoming tba pasty, tbo
Joha Bort Mow Ute mm last weok
Rrimt part* uukiwwa m<l tm Mwbtng aU-stM u>»< tt>e threshing outfit bad
pint* t» dispose af Ma tabor pow*r\ r*t*ni*4 tbst day  after practical*
fur ilaiU; UUU. t «-«(ws»»#tmf tb* tnrenbing of all th*
Been ot tlw Cbttmo bentvmn meeleara aad wbswt la tbo district, aad
whet* teine ootne faery dttn-m ***'v ™ *** *** nm ****** tbs* turottts
tbt Ht twfcmgtnt to tli Pselfl* H<vM 1 in tbls UUtrk* tmm bom ot k*m.g
sis weeks for pipe, *hick wm» sap-
posed lo be fight st band,     finally
whew Ibe pfpo nrrlrrd. >' wn* *1**rr,e*
mm tbat that* was »o *«-«d ia tntrn,
not that knit it* ** brn-r^* trtim tht
tmttlof st TrsJJ. Ii.<", tikich tied tk*
tm «p twMber ****   N«* U»t all
the material Is tm tb* nromd tbe *m.
thar ansa bas tak.i*. a b»ad. nod t*\
lem mmeootnw wWJt.    Tha Chink*! »bl» to complete tbresbiag 'apara-t-iese j tbo hooka et ibiac* »*"* e***'* '•<* fc***
lad eitdewfly itm rnttmmA. tttm
town about mHiUillU. »a4 ba* nw-*
IMeMbm* to oabtteb. bat tbm pnox
lot dlsgrntte*)! with tbe t*h1o*o* nn4
boKod* sawsblat ap everytbtag »*»*
stampede sad rctwraiag to tbt stab*
Mrs. Cottar, who aaderweat ne *•
by tb* ombot Ssptiwhwr.    flow-ever. | tbe ftaal word t* **•'«• f*w t\* *******
\m* -wwlii *•• wo* awl w-p-to-dai*; * Tbb Job was nnpi*»>t--Sl to hm<** keen
tbe weatber waa onaBimt, wb«# tbe; flnfsbed by th* tut of Aiigu*t     !.o<-.*l
mm In charfe dtd tfiefr w«rk *"H. A#  Iftt 1« coatra,*tor tor tii* Je*.
* rowan tit farsseri »#w -sll **r»     Ales. Pfctersor. *»t Bill Wsei mere
. w^ll p-teas-ed.     He bopmd tk*   party visitors to U-tk--iti'it* on MftnAui- *»e
> *#atd -emtof ttumm^ram -?fe'ie<w*»*tr      bttttosa
"The Quality Store"
Wione 25 Blairmore, Altt.
Just to hand 200 cases oj
of Intra Ohole* Quality
l*a!iaii Pnint* \m- \*>x $1.10, IVhcIh** p»r »m *1.1«
Pimrs per Imx $2.50, (Ymlcinjf A\»\Avn pur l*»x AJ..VI
mioh* tvinuj; Applex p*»r Imx f 1.50
lW»fon> Imrfng n Sirrnfrr Coat arc our raiiut- of
Men'*, ItdtUon nntl tliiltlrt>n*« nil wool MnnmrIt Ktift.
tvitv* Ut Mktii all ptn>i«»
,fmt to IiiuhI a *Iiiptii<*iit of S»,infi«*l«U jnirt*
Wool riMlfTwmr in sthirts nnil tlr«w».r» nml union
twit*. Also « Ml miw «»f hu\U>* mnl rhiMrcn'e
We p&y 5 p.c. discount in cash on aU purchases
Th« Store That SAVtS You Monty
1 s*AX,X\k
?^Z!Fi^m~mmrr*m!TyrTr~^^ A"" '•''   ■
Local Union Directory, Dist 18,U.M.W.A
. No. 2314
Nset first and third Fridays,
Mirers' HaU, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Kali, Coal
Creek, Sick'Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec. Fernie. B. C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at i o'clock In Crahan's HaU.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
M«?et every Sunday. SlcV and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael Warren, Sec, Can-
nore, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House.
Coleman.—J.   Mitchell,   Kee.  Box
105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meql every Tuesday evening at
1 o'clock ln the Bankhead Hall,
Sick nnd Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead   Alta.
No. 1189
Men every  Friday evening at
7.30   in  Miners'   Hall.    Sick   and
-Accident  Benefit Society attached.—Frank Barringham, Sec, Box
1T.2, Coalhurst 1\ O.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the  Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
No. 949 "
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
In School House. Bufmls. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passhurg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. ln
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—ThOR. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alto.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In   the   Socialist   Hall. —James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   36,   Bellevue,
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.*~R.
Garb'itt,  sec,, Corbin,   B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec ,
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners.HaU.   Sick and
Benefit    Society   attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
Major Jarero - Mo Went
By Emanuel Julius
1    - - *
Cash Meat Market
We breed and feed our own cattle. Now Is the time to get
some nice young veal.
Pork sausages, bologna, welners, pork sausages, liver sau-
•agei, creamery butter, fresh eggs, fresh fish, tripe, hams, bacon,
always on hand.   A TRIAL ORDER  SOLICITED.
Opposite the Post Office
Phone 52, R Northwood Mgr,
Zapata—the Robin Hood of Mexico's southwest—is more than a man;
he is a myith. Terrible Z (the last
Setter iin the 'Mexican revolutionary
alphabet) is more than a leader; he
is a flag. Peons speak of Jesus and
Zapata in the same breath. Praying
peons often mumble Zapata's name
when tliey-mean to use Christ's.
Zapata and Jesus—rebels, both of
them. True, they differ in some respects. .However, the rough Zapata,
like the gentle Jesus, fights for the
landless, penniless, ragged scum of the
earth. Jesus turned the other cheek.
Zapata never does that. Jesus was
crucified. Zapata is better equipped,
having splendid rifles and quick-firing
guns; so, there Is little likelihood of
his being "dismantled." The difference 'between Jesus and Zapata as
fighters for the poor Is one of
Jesus had his Pontius Pilate. Zapata had his 'Major Pablo Zayas Jarero, erstwhile leader of 4,000 Huer-
tistas in the "green valleys of. Mo-
relos," not many miles -southwest' of
Mexico Cify. And this brings us to
the story. Zapata is still In Morelos
—a rich, beautiful country. Major
Jarero isn't. That's an important
difference. Z is an "in"; Major Jarero is an "out," a hopeless "out."
The major is in Xew York, which is a
compliment to the leader of the peons
of Morelos.
As a major in the Federal army, Jarero had the unpleasant and difficult
task of annihilating the rebel army of
the southwest and sending Zapata to
Kingdom Come. Don Pablo Zayas Jarero began four years ago; he quit recently. Zapata and his army are still
doing business at the same old stand.
In the restaurant of the Whitehall
'Building, Battery Park, I met the >n^-
jor and heard his story. At the table
were iMr. Carlo de Fornaro, noted caricaturist, author of "Diaz, Czar cf
Mexico," and Manuel Esteva, Xew
York consul during Huerta's regime.
"Asbout 2,000 Zapatistas were always carrying on a guerrilla warfure
against my men," said Major Jarero.
"Zapata's regular army had about
2,000 but. he had a fighting force ot
] less ease.   He looks like an ordinary
Mexican, and Mexicans, .in the main.
"Why Speak of , cpftal?" Fornaro
asked. "The peons are giving capital
no thought^ They- ..bays rifles—that
Is. ibetter AQj&o. capital*. Let the peons
worijf^on-'-tbe land^aad they will let
theijri-if lea-grow ruaty from disuse," ,'
But the major didn't seem to under-
stand.-rN. Y. Call.
look alike. At a Httl? hotel, a man
approached me with the.time of day.
He told me he wished I would find
Zapata, the bandit. ■ I soon .became
attracted to him and invited bim to
eat with me. He impressed me as a
simple-minded man, quiet and sympathetic. We slept in the same bed
that night. Next morning Ave parted.
An hour later we learned that a score
of my men were being attacked*, so
I hurried to their aid. We finally succeeded in saving some of them, and in
doing so we took a prisoner. Of course,
the usual thing is summary execution,
which we decided upon. The peon said
he would tell me something of great
interest it I should order his freedom.
"Tell me what you know; I'll decide afterwards,' I told him. He answered
that I had slept with Zapata. I tell you,
Zapata is a funny sort of a man."
Zapata is hopeless, said the major.
He cannot be eliminated.
Former Consul Esteva interjected
with this:
"I believe the government should
let Zapata have   the   country unmo-
* In 1855 it reqiilrod 28". !>oars and
20 minutes' human labor to make 100
pair of shoes. According-to the report of the ■ commission of 1902 ihe
labor required to produce the same
number had fallen to 62 hours and 4
By the old-style foot-power looms, it
required 480 hours to weave 500 yards
of cotton sheeting. In 1897 lt required"
16 hours and 35 minutes to produce
the same quantity. The aggregate labor required tor the production of
these 500 yards of sheeting was 5,605
hours; with the help of the machine
the time required is 52 hours and 45
A century ago a workman, with the
tools of that time, could make 5,000
pins a day. Xow, with modern machinery, a workman can turn out the
marvelously increasing number of
15,000,000 in the familiar papers ready
for market.
In the increased production of food,
agricultural machinery has played its
part so that the bushel of wheat that
ln  1830  required  192  mjnutes  labor
bave drawn" attention to tbem in. the
labor press for the laat quarter of a
century. What the New York .paper
says is forcibly said, and. will % un^
doubtedly. dsraw the attention of many
to the child labor problem, who, -before'
this, were unaware of the existence of
such a problem. Publicity da the great
cure for all such economic evils, and
the greater the publicity given to
everything appertaining to the sweatshop, the sooner will the sweatshop become a thing of the past. This is what
the New York paper said, and it is
well worthy of perusal:
"The Factory Investigating Committee will see no more pathetic exhibits than the^samples of child labor
In the homes of New York which are
already before it. These include artificial flowers, price tags, neckties and
othor work done by children, of five
and six years of age and upward; in
long hours before and after school.
"No interval of education interrupts
the labors of the firls who had to make
576 violets and paste them in a wreath
to earn 10 cents. Being 14 years old,
she has her working papers, and by
lested.   The   more he is fought,   the i for Its production has been reduced to
stronger he becomes.   If he becomes an average ot about 9 minutes to the
Governor, he will become conservative bushel,
before long." j    In. 1855 it took 275 minutes of labor
"But Zapata scoffs at the idea, of becoming Governor of Morelos," said
•Said the major: "Every man suspected of being a Zapatista should be
sent to distant States."
"Why not let the peons have what
they want?" asked Fornaro. "They
want land to work on."
"Oh," exclaimed the major, "that
can't he done. They are too poor to
pay for the land. They haven't the
to care for and raise a bushel of corn.
In the year 1894 the average time required and been brought down to
about 41 minutes.
In the maufacture of sugar the
invention and mechanical improvements have brought down cost and
prices. In thirty-five years it has
been reduced from 2 to 3 cents per
pound and the" quality of sugar obtained from the beet has been raised
from 6 to 8 per cent to 10 to 14 per
cent.—Erie Journal. .
toiling all day and much.of the night
she caa earn the -magnificent suni of
$2 a week.     . \.,\   ,    >•'.
^T&isjs.tbe ha^-^Wprahleoi-^vith-
which' th«^<5ointtnitt*§e. h'as-j.to deal.. A
general prohibition of child labor
would prevent- that household training
in industry., and helpfulness which.in
moderation: has ■ helped to develop
cha^cter in thousands of men and
women, - Yet the abuses of home labor
must somehow be attacked and, conquered."
Of course the New York paper does
not look at the situation from ai working-class standpoint, "and makes no explanation whatever of the conditions,
that drive parents to in turn, drive
their children to such unchlldlike toil,.
The workera would remove these conditions, and give eyery parent the full
product of his labor, so that there
would be no necessity for him io exploit the labor of his children, or rob
them of their childhood. It, is good
for the press to draw attention to all
such abuses; the workers will drew
attention to, the remedy. By and by
they will apply it—Machinists' Journal.
<—^     •.
Miners and the War
A few weeks' rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
will give you a new isate of life, or to tboie whose tine is limited, take quickest route east or west, via the Oroat Northern
Railway Co,
23 Hours Fertile to Beattie
26 Hoars to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
You will enjoy all the comfort of most modem railroad equipment.   Courteous and efficient employee will make your trip
Btfere purchasing steamship
tickets, Itt us talk It ever.
per further Information apply te |
J.A. MANN, Agent
Bei 4S1 FERNIE, B.C. Pheae 1S1
41   *'
*,ptit*tt +.
AK but Hand* and Face.
The self-made merchant Mid to hit son, "Of
course clothes don't make tht man, but thty make
all of hint except hia hands and (act during business houre." You may not think your sdvertfstnf
s very important matter, hut it U all strangers
see of you* business and they will judge you by it
If you uat ywu advertising space Judiciously,
these strangers oni. come to you to deal and become acquainted with you. Advertising It tha
beat mean* to enlarge your business acquaintance.
^m^**--**tA-*L*M-*^m*4 ■'
tm OttfriH teem* rvteiws mere reetftra Una any etfctr paper In UteftM*
ren (children fight for Zapata), who
had and still have guns and ammunition ready to tight at a moment's no-
tke. Tl ey tilled the soil most ot the
time, but never hesitated to leave their
plows and grab their guns whenever
they saw an opportunity to pick off a
few of my men."
AsUed how it happened that he permitted the peons to carry on such
warfare, the major shrugged his
shoulders and said:
"What eould I do? Zapata owns
tttfi country down there, Every mau
T talked with would <l«>ny he was h
Zapatista. It was hard to pnne they
weren't, slurp their nuns were hidden.
They do not fight habitually.
"They are juat humble peons when
they work on tho land their leader
stole for thero, but as soon as they
take their guns they become brave
fighters who fear nothing.
"They would work quietly when
they saw a company of my men
march by, but they would couny my
men—-I wouldn't stop them—-and
when my men were gone they would
quickly organize a force twice tbe
site or my party, which mny have
had only fifteen men. Zapatistas would
follow, set a trap and exterminate
them, Then they would hurry back
to their land, hide their guns and go
to work. What could I dof Sometimes t wouldn't hear of my Iota tor
weeks. It was awfully exasperating!"
The major frankly admitted that It
was Impossible to down Zapata's followers, Of course, the only action
(from the major's viewpoint)—to
execute the thousands of peons in
Zapata's coutnry—Is Impossible,
"Zapata ts their god," Major Jarero
continued, "llie peon* worship him.
He It a Socialist, who knows little ef
the theory or philosophy of Socialism, but who Imtictlvely under-
stands Its spirit. Zapata't secretary,
a school teacher, Is an Intelligent man
of pronounced Sochtllst vlaws, who is
the brains behind Zapata's fernery."
Zapata, according to tbe major,
turn aa elaborate method of taking
toll from the rich sugar pianutloaltta.
As It take* considerable capita) and
expansive machinery to raise miaar,
JSapata, probnbly unready to confiscate the lands, allows the rich to hire
Kspstlstae, provided   sufficient suras
-11     ......     ,•*«..*■*     t9t    *9t*    «|l*.4<».       I -19, tttt V
tr> ji.i" nniHr 1n flrrtnulUn. nf   tlit
■ftap and machinery,  This money   is
used to porekaae guns and smmoat-
t Ions for tke peons, Uie major said.
•ISaimta," est*   the   msjor, "is   a
-;.*«•,.   ;s.*»v». «•"•■•.;  *  9*.4*i*,    a*,
gees from village to village, sever remaining longer tban a night. When
! waa after Vtm, I found it Impossible
to trace Mm because the peoni everywhere gave m »•* wr«ng directions,
ofti>a sending tbem into trap*"
Tbe »kJor tben told of an incident
flint -dnowed tbe »erl nt iWrtovt!
SUjiala Is.
'I was looking for Kspata nm tbe
village of Jop-aUa, In Morale*, and at
last decided to give bim wp at * hope-
...■^^^^.^?^^-^.^^^^^^    ^^mme __m__b_ ____{  ImL
mtmBmOr SSBPS s_*m^t^mt ^^mmm ^^^ew* emp mmmm
,Mr. John Wilson, in his monthly
circular to the members of tlie Durham .Miners' Association, says:
"If it were possible we might have
selected a more congenial fcwbject, for
I-_Cg-nfg.ss t am against war In..gftnpjvil-
and wae against this in particular in
its origin, for I could not see what
part or lot we had in the difference between Asutria and Servia, and if it
had been confined to these two nations I should still have been against
lt. But how much wider and more
complicated is the area and circumstances. It Is quite clear tliat the
Servian situation was but a pretext.
It is the old fable of the "Wolf and
the Lamb," in a slightly altered! form,
but with the same end ln view, The
triple alliance was to .be used as a
means for German aggrandisement,
and ae a consequence we have the
whole of the European continent
(with a probability of the far east)
suddenly turned Into a great armed
camp, and the peoples who liave no
difference with each other are drawn
from their peaceful and beneficial occupations, and turned into destroyers
of property and mutual slaughterers.
What a change a short three months
has wrought, Who in the month of
iMay would have said thut we in England would have been in such a war,
with all its probable dread results as
we are now brought face to face with?
Who would then have aald that before
the month of August we should have
landed an expeditionary force of 165,-
000 of our beat, as our first quota, to
stop In his wild progress the Mad
.Mullah of Europe 7 The probability
might bave been In hit mind and Die
minds of other crowned autocrats, political Intriguant», and thew wbo
profit by tbe manufacture of tlie material and Instruments of war, but
sucb an Idea was far removed from
tbe .bulk of the population who are
now being called upon to do battle
against each other, because one man
la full of the spirit of vaulting ambition and Intoxicated witb tbs Idea
that he rules by divine right, and aa
a consequence be, and be alone, must
be the sole arbiter of snd dictator In
the affairs of nations, and wbo le se
rull of tbe wine of Intoxication tbst
be will not hesitate to take th* first
place whan he speaks of the Almighty
and himself until "myself and Ood"
has become a Gormen proverb,
"Whom the f-kxhi .would dwsttwy they
first make mad," Surely there wae
never a   clearer  Rlostratton of  the
: . 1     ii •       .. *.        '' » ' '",»'.
y. 9   '4.4 9.        «-.rf«        ...        ,91.        t.^94^9.       ttt. .9**.
ttfrmitft TCmjwrhT At tVip cnnimMirr
ment of the aad business It wa* Au
stria against Servls; bat hardly were
tbe first shots fired before the Keleer
was launching bla thtmderfeetts In the
****** W»  **»UttMblk'»M» HMtM|iUt *t*<*
small, except Great Britain, and he
tried to bride os by what $r. Asquith
rightly dealgnated—"A most Infamous
proposal." We wrre to be bought for
tbe present snd dealt with sfterwsMs,
wttwt. tr* bad ttiabonored n«ree*vw» as
a cat'apaw, to effect his pnrpose. All
his itfttmatfim'; were ilisgracefuJ. both
in terms aad time, is one case a de-
maad waa seat at 7 p. ts. Sunday, sad
an answer demanded by 7 n. m, Mon*
dny. Truly such arrogance wat eeret
neen, aeftber has it ever before «••
Usrwt tato tU-i tuuit i*C uwu u> coa-
eetve an Instance so glaring. Weite
pan the causes of tbe war. Whatever
mny have heen our diversity of views
they are lost sight of, or should be.
We must know, notliing except our
duty and the nation's honor. By
our loyalty to the one the other will
be maintained. That is the idea that
is resting securely in the heart   of
It is cheering to see how Uie youth
of the nation ls rushing to enroll,
prompted by a pure spirit of patriot-
Ism, and I feel confident that if it
should be necessary for tbe greyheads
to take their places as far as their
strength will permit, they will not be
found wanting. It Is a war tliat affects every man and home. Not merely of tbe soldier, but tlie whole ot the
peoples, Xot merely'ln the desire to
do duty on the battlefield is the nation in unity, but in the mutual material help which Is being prepared
to meet the necessity which will fall
on many as a consequence of the war.
Everywhere are committees being
formed, and efforts being made, a*nd
it Ib very cheering' to read the reports of their proceedings. By those
efforts the needs ot those, whose
breadwinners have been called upon
to serve will be met in part if not
completely. In this connection I
would like to place on record, our appreciation of the action of our employers in the help they have given
to the families of the men who have
Volunteered now, or who were In the
reserves or territorials. Tbe help is
not uniform, but I think with rare
expeotlons ie universal. You will
know what has been done at your respective collieries, and will Join with'
the executive committee In tendering
thanks whenever sucb are due. Witb
the unity ot feeling and the mutual
help, tbere can be but one ending to
the war. It is tbo greatest wsr the
worjd bas ever seen, Greatest in
armies and greatest in lsaues. For the
progress of tbo world there must be
but one termination. The straggle if
not merely to make Germany see the
right or wrong of tbe Belgian neutrality* Tbst la too smell. Tbls war
must be to Insure the peace of tbe
world, which can never be ao long
sa German Imperialism retains Its
present strength In tho world—a
storm centre from which st say mo-
meat may burst another war. hindering tbo progress of the people, aad
wasting tbe resources of every nation,
which should be devoted to the alleviation of the misery of wbleb there Is
too much In every country, bet me
say this is act a war agalmt lb* Gar-
man peopla. and therefore I hope there
will be no hurtful manifestation
against any ot mat nation wbo are io
> our mtdst Qur aim amst be at the
end of tbo war to make It Impossible
for such s state of thing* to recur
again, and if possible te waaraatee the
peace ot the world, and consequently
the!! welfare of man universal. The
democracies of tbs world have so dlf;
ference, and tbe path of peace is the
res) path of progrsss, for "Peace hss
ber victories mom letting than wit."
—*(i»t><* «nd An of Mining,
—When a Lady
buys Perfume-
—She chooses it with as much discrimination as she does her gowns and hats.
It must be distinctive in character—it must breathe
refinement—and it must be of strictly high quality.
Corson's Toilet Requisites fill all these requirements,
whether in Perfumes, Toilet Waters, Face Creams,
o* Talcs. '
 - They nrf> rnmpna*tt r,( tVift mnst expen-
sive materials, carefully compounded by
skilled chemists.
perfumes Sffiletflequisites
-Certoa'i "IDEAL ORCHID" ud Como'i "POMANDER" Um of
Perfume, ToQft W»ter, Taicun Powder, etc., are particular favorites.
Atkyear^niibtltrlOc.iuByUsltkeOrckUelM'. )
(Exclativdy **fs*d »'•» tk* m***tfociur* *f Pttfitma* ami TVU Ktji-t'ntt*)
DO you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
What Happens Whs* tho Horns
Turned Into the Sweetshop
Under the caption of "When ttf
Home ts a gwsatefeo-p," one of the
UuuUu* He* York aowktiapete Atom attention recently to certain eoaditless
with wblch its readers were not likely
to be familiar, althoegb the workers
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
IM District Ledger
Phone 48a   :-:   Fernie, B. C.
■-"-■■•**- "~.* ----■--^--*- ■"*■'»»*'
"iwwaa^w 'WmW
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
FernJe-Fort Steele
Brewing Co.f Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
How The British; Govern-
By R. C. Wallhead
Xou're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
Large Airy Rooms &
>    Good Board
Ross Brothers £»
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Denlerrf in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
A. McDougall, Mgi
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8aus*
ag«s for tomorrow's break,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phsne 66 Wood Street
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
Send us your orders
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
the following article .Mt. Wall-
hof.d, who Is the Independent Labo*
parly candidate for Coventry, a manufacturing city in Warwickshire, England* points out how the British gov-
ernnient propped! up the b«nkrui>*
capitalists by. issuing a medium of exchange based upon Its credit and then
borrowed from the same group, guaranteeing its own loan and promising
to pay the bankers for something
whioh they haven't got:
August 4, 1914, the -day of declaration of war with Germany, will probably go down in history as the day
upon which,   by.   universal admission,
the capitalist   system   was   declared
bankrupt.    Capitalism,    face to face
with the Frankenstein monster of war,
finds itself hopelessly   smashed   and
cast aside by the monster it has called
Into -being.    Individualism has disappeared, overwhelmed in a great debacle, and the principles of Socialism
have emerged as' the saviour of society.
Mr. 'Mallock   utters   no protest,   the
anti-Socialist    Union    band    fingers
muted instruments, .while the Property
Defense  League  thanks  "God,  from
whom all blessings flow."
I do not want to enter Into the details" of all that happened' during the
first week of the war. It suffices to
point out that those of us who have
urged that Parliament may be used
effectively, once the motive po,w?r is
established, have been rather mare
than amply "justified. The right to
work, state insurance, maximum
prices, national control of railways,
State credit, etc., have all been vindicated and proclaimed inside one .short
week. "Immutable economic laws"
have been broken past the hope of repair.
The inherent want of stability of the
capitalist system has been clearly demonstrated, and its mean philosophy has
been stripped bare and dragged into
the light of day. Its frothy, patriotism
and its sickly pietism are exposed for
what they are worth.
Dry Goods. Groceries, Boots aod
Sices, Gents' Furnishings
A reign of blood does not disturb
tbe masters. It means that the crop o
profits will be al tbe greater.
Good roada may bring you closer to
market, but they will not be of much
benefit until you own the markets.
THE      H ft   gSE&IBM
A deposit of Ono Dollar opens a savings account with ths
Home Bank.  Tho account may be added to by deposits
of further large or small amounts and Full Compound
Interest will be paid at highest Bank rate      *.
J. F. MAODONALD, Manager
List of Locals District 18
Name lee. snd P. 0. Address
,WbKe Ash Mine. Wm. Marsh. Tatoer, AKa.
Bnoktotnd.... „..J\ Wheatley,flenkheed, AIM.
Bwvsr Creek...........J. loot-bran, Beaver Creek, via Pincher, AKa.
BeH-frae Xhrimt fcnrtre ttoa •■*  ntf?«,•«;, .V'i*.
Blairmore W. C. Chrliitopbsr*, Blairaaore, Alta.
Burmis T. 0. Hsrrles, Paesbot-tf, ikA.
Carbondale .,.,.,.3, Mitchell, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
Camnore,.... ...Mlcheol Wenwn, Canmore, AHa.
Coleman..............,,t. Johnston, Coleman. Alta. ,y *..,
CorWn..,.,..,»,„....„. ft. Oarbutt, Corbin, B. C,        *        lJ'A"*'
fMoiMk 3flass P. Swaaaton, CMnook, via Diamond Ci
Pernte..............*..,Tkos. DpWlI. I^srals, B.C.
Vrntik ■ ,., Rvoa JIor*u*i. Fvauk, AU*.
Mltero* vilaok«M«*er, Hiltetest, Alts.
LetMwidga........ I.. Moore, 1711 ttnm uvea**, N, tstiUwMfe
bethfcridgw Oollieriet Prar.k FUrrtngham, Ootlburst Alta.
Maple l*eol.,....,......T. li. Harries, Passburg, Alta.
Mfefsel .,,,,.,,.-. Michel, B. C,
Pttmmt*.■■*,"*, T...Q. Warrks,Paaalatrg.Ako.   ■
Taber.••...........•••. A. Psttetws, Itwsr, AKa. *
■rteorgirfown, Canmore...Max Hutter. Georgetown, Oanmora, Alta.
Brssesa Mines,....,....Hsny JteKenns. Nerden. via Rocky Mowa^
ala House. Alberia.
indictment of capitalist methods in
connection with the Bupply of armaments, etc., an indictment that none
of the patriotic have attempted either
to defend of deny. But what shall be
said pf the ghouls who In the day of
crisiB, when the chronically poor were
face to face with a still more dire
poverty through unemployment, im-
'mediately rushed' up prices to a point
that threatened milloins of the working claes with absolute starvation?
The spectacle of rich men cornering
supplies while tbe great mass, quite
unable to store, were compelled to go
short would very well form a fitting
theme for those who talk glibly about
"war's ennobling, chastening, and
moral purifying effects." And it has
to be 'borne ln mind that It ls exactly
those whom capttalSftm keeps poor In
normal times and plunges deeper'Into
poverty at time of crisis like the
present, to whom the capitalist will
come cringing to give of blood and
suffering and life itself. Verily, verily,
Is the truth 'borne out thnt Mammon
gorges nnd fattens upon the poor
In time of peace, and makes a bulwark
of them in time of Tvar.
How Jongi 0 Lord, how long?
But capitalism, although couvieted
of incompetency,J will (certalnly. not
surrender without a struggle. It will
assuredly fight for its pound of flesh,
and the government will give it what
assistance it can.   As thus:
The government has obtained   from
Parliament    the    power   to   borrow
£ 100,000,000   ($500,000,000).     It,   will
probably want several more amounts
of like size before the present struggle is over.   That 'by the way.   It is
the principle   of   the   loan itself to
which I want to direct attention.   It
seems to me to be so instructive as
to merit consideration-
It   is   exceedingly   probable   "hat
many of tbe big  financial   magnates
knew on Saturday, August 1, or San-
day, August 2, that war would be declared:  On Monday, August 3, a bank
holiday, it was discovered that capitalism wae bankrupt, and at once it
was decided that banks should remain
closed   for  an  additional three days
and   the   moratorium proclaimed    in
order to give the government the opportunity of issuing a medium of exchange based, not upon the gold reserves held by private enterprise   in
banks, etc., but upon the credit of the
State.   Even when the capitalists did
timidly open the doors of their banks
they- did so  with the credit of   the
State behind them.   Without that they
were absolutely bankrupt. The>^ could
not redeem their pledges, they could
not  pay  their  debts,   because   they
had nothing to pay them with.
But it would not do for a capitalist
government to proceed too far. Having saved capitalism for the time being, the capitalist is to have his
wounded feelings salved. The government proceeds to borrow from his
,C 100,000,000—at a price.
:Mark what has taken place.
From financiers and capitalists who
were bankrupt and could not pay
their own debts, the State is proposing to obtain huge sums .of money
which they   have   not got, or credit,
whtoh_js jwnrHitflBfl  If tho 'State.
draws Its guarantee. The State proposed to exchange its own superior
credit for the inferior credit of the
capitalists! Aa a matter of fact, the
State is guaranteeing to pay the capitalist interest on something he does
net possess!
The alternative, it seems to me,
would be for the State Itself to Issue
Its own currency, based upon its own
credit and resources,
present and
But that, of course, the State at present will not do, because that would be
the funeral of the present capitalist
state of society and the beginning or
the Socialist state.
If It is argued that a currency that
ls Incontrovertible Into gold very soon
depreciates, my reply Is that there in
no reason wlty tho State could not
give their currency a gold backing,
and, In any case, what we have witnessed during the last three weeks
Is thnt there is no -such thing In modern finance as a gold .basis.
That Idea Is supplanted by the fact
that State credit has taken the place
of gold, and, without auch State guar-
an tees capitalist finance la Impossible.
—X. V. Call.
ada, which has not been aa large a
buyer as usual this year, notwithstanding the notable spurt that . occurred in August.
At Boston  consumers    arc  t-king
contract coal in fair volume,  but it
does not seem feasible to put the market report in stronger terms.   On th<s
other hand, Baltimore makes a more
encouraging  report  than  for  several
weeks past and states that there is
undoubtedly a more -buoyant tone to
the trade.   This is largely due to the
increase'  in   export   business ■ From
Hampton Roads also comes a report
of shipments   showing   up   well.   A
good record of dumpings for September is expected and it seems certain
that a successful secson'is before the
shippers   of   smokeless   coal,   Even
Pittsburg reports a spurt in demand.
The suggestion that prices are subject  to  change  without notice   is
clear indication    that   shippers    are
looking for higher prices in the near
future and it is encouraging to find
such   a thought prevalent in one of
our most representative coal markets.
There seems to be little likelihood of
more than the usual tightening up   of
car supply this season and while the
lessening number of weeks in the lake
season helps to stimulate movement
In that direction the general all-rail-
transit of coal will not be affecte^ by
any thing,like a car famine.
Anthracite continues to give a good
account of itself.   Ever since the outbreak of the war and the inciease of
commodity prices   which   then began
to eventuate the hard coal people have
been able to report an Increased' volume of orders from the actual consuming public, the lack ot earlier buying joining with the apprehension of
higher prices to .bring tbe small users
in particular into the market.    As a
consequence we get encouraging news
from the region, as to mines working
on- full schedules and some of the less
favored mines of the large companies,
which only work when the market is
very strong, are now being put into
service after  suspensions of greater
or less extent.    The cool weather of
the past week also   coincided nicely
for   dealers   in   many cities with the
return of cu**omers fwm their summer outings and some Increase in the
transient demand was noted as a result.   Quite   frequently   It   is   heard
that the   anthracite   industry cls   the
most prosperous in the State of Pennsylvania ahd  it  seems  evident that
now as in 1D0T it   Is   to 'be  a  great
capitalists and men of wealth who
prate of the "principles at stake"
w-hen their despotism brings about industrial warfare. "Freedom of Labor" is the hypocritical slogan which
they fallback upon as a last resort.
But from' their lips we do not learn
the fact that the "open shop" of their
choice is invariably used as an instrument to break down and crush unionism. Justice Higgins pertinently directs attention to that fact.—The Carpenter.      *
Directory of Fraternal
W .    ■"■tr* *
Recent researches on the limits of
electrical ignition of inflammable mine
gases and coal dust are summarised in
a paper by Professor W. M. Thornton,
at the Australian    meeting   of    the
British Association, the title of    the
paper being "The Limiting Conditions
a j for the Safe Use of Electricity in Coal
po .Mining."   The lower limit of inflammability is 5.G per cent, of methane in
air by volume; a temperature of 200
degrees C. dowers this to 5.1 per cent.
The most inflammable mixtures are at
8   per   cent   for   continuous-current
break-sparks, 10.2 per cent for alternating-current -breaks.    Excess of nitrogen appears to markedly increase]
the necessary igniting current.    With
non-inductive circuits    1 ampere   at
100 continuous   volts,   is   a   typical
value; the corresponding values with
alternating current are 7 amperes,   at
40 cycles per second, 16 at 60, 20 at
80, and 29 at 100.   By varying the inductance, the energy, of   an   igniting
break-spark is found to be constant at
about   0.1   joule.    Electric   signalling
bells   have    inductance    up    to    0.5
C-Mi-ry. and ignite gases at the trembler   spark   or signalling point,    All
electric lamps   and    fuses,   however
small, must be inclosed.    Oscillations
on a cable sheath caused by short circuits on the conductor will not ignite
gas, but maintained leakage arcs from
armouring are not only slightly more
active than break-sparks.    Static discharges from 6-in. high speed belting
could not be made to ignite gas, nor
the blue brush discharge from high-
pressure   conductors.   Movements   of
clouds of dust have been shown    to
give    electrification    and    to    cause
sparks, but th6 energy must ibe, much
greater than can be obtained experimentally in'order that this should become dangerous.   Wireless telegraphy
operations on the surface do not induce sparking potentials underground.
counties in which it is produced.-
Trade Journal.
The State of Trade
Encouragement and Improvement
seem to be the keynote* of the general situation, but It must be aald th-U
it Is bard to designate particularly
many points of advantage. Of course
there Is some gala ss compared with
the chaotic condition existing In '.tie
flrtt few rays of the war, but In fact
th" bettermrit Is rather In thn matter of hopefulness, the pormWItlc* cf
the future being so great according
tx the predictions of many c-niln-wul
leaders of trade and Inlestry. Tbe
raaiUustuent of banking arrante.
ments is of course one of ttm features
of prime necessity for th« establish-
meat of exchange arrt»g«ment« on
something Ilk* a normal basil do.net
t«m to be receiving tbt salted «u»»-
pott that ts so necessary lit *ucb i
cast. Ships are now available !n ti-
pie supply, justifying all tUat we ttntt
previously aald as to them helnv ffvnti-
correspondence alone we apprehend
that there would not be so troml n
market condition prevailing as there
Is todny with tbe possibilities of large
export orders so definitely In the foreground While all offices are not ao
fayored the fact that some are panic-
lariy fortunate In this respect serve*
to lessen the preamire of competition
In certain quarters aad the good news
of what is being done spreads abroad
and helps to tone up the market In
Ita entirety. In brief It is largely a
triumph   of  mind  over  matter that
In a recent issue of the International
Molders' Journal there appeared a
quotation from an opinion handed
down by Justice Higgins, president of
the Australian court of conciliation
and arbitration, which ably states the
case for the Union shop, and on that
awount deserves to be read by every
trade unionist. Justice Higgins does
not, of course, say anything strikingly
original or anything that the average
well-Informed trade unionist does not
firmly believe to be true, but he presents an admirable statement of the
trade union attitude on this Important
This decision was the outcome of a, „ „     c|miItg |)(J    ^ w„
case between the gliding trades and, prevent open sparking
570 building contractors, and in It the !;,. „   .„     ,     „ . ...   „
.   ,.    .   , , .        .     The limits of safety ace electrically
justice took occasion to   po nt out a .
left insulated after being charged are
very active, 0.002 to 0.005 joule caus-
ing ignition. The influence of gas in
forwarding dust explosion begins to
be felt when 1-2 per cent of gaa is
present. At 2 per cent full ignitions
are obtained at every trial. Coal
dust alone can be ignited by both continuous-current or alternating-current
break-flashes, the former requiring
3.S to 6 amperes at -180 volts in non-
inductive circuits, the latter 14 amperes at 40 periods and on a power-
factor of 0.8. Continuous-current
faults on the negative cable develop
rapidly ln the presence of moisture,
and the cable U disintegrated. Alternating faults, are self-healing, and
a mechanical fault does not Increase
electrically on an alternating current
cable. Armouring Is necessary under
modern power conditiona; lighting and
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K, P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puokey.
Secretary, J. B. Mclklejohn.
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
A. M1NTOX, X. G.
Meet at Aiello'e Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S„ D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jaa.Madl8on.
Meets   every    Monday  at
7:30 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Xewaham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, Xo.
224, meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
each' month at 8 p. m.
W. ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall   first and,
third Friday evening ot aach
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited,
J. SKILLIXG, Rec. Sec.
.    i*i
A. Macneil S. Banwell,
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank ot
Hamilton   Building Fernie. B. C.
P. C Laws
Alex. I. P'shet
Fsrnle, B. C.
number of reasons why union men
were opposed to tbe no-called open
shop and endeavored to establish
union shops. As tbe principles involved operate the same In Australia
aa In any other country, his opinion
applies equally to conditions In
"The truth la," Justice Higgins said,
"preference is sought for unionists In
order to prevent preference of non*
unionists or antl-unlonlsta—to prevent tbe gradual bleeding of unionism
by the focllng of r.on uniubUiu. U U
a weapon of defe»iu>. Por Instance,
some employers hlr«*d nkn through
the Independent Workers' Federation
—a body supported chiefly by employers' money, and devised to frustrate the ordinary unions; and those
who applied for work at the office of
this body would not be Introduced to
the employer unless they ceased to be
number* of the ordinary union* and
became member* or thl* body.
"What i* to tw done to proti»rt m«»i3
low, but the risks of ignition are even
uow no Kmttt-r than those attending
the use of flame «afety-lampa and
they can be entirely prevented,—Science and Art of Mining.
Our au|*>pli-Hl with the beat Win**.
Liquors and t'lgm
0!NJN«  ftOOU  IN t OXXKtmON
Will Soon Be Here
We can supply year needs In
either seal er wood hsatsrs.
Call In snd leek ever our stack
Sf rsnfs* and heaters before ths
cold westhar srrivea.
^mmSL Th*\ T* «* mU9tM'iin «■" «•»•■• « >Mr right a. tnel
tor, condition that prevail* today,     !m,n to eombln* for their mutual bm** I
The Weston! trada does not seem ta f Ht. seeing tbat   the  employing •!*•«
•how much chang* fn nondltlont dur »»»"» «he tr*m«-ndou* powtr of gUiag
Ing   «he   pnnt   **ek.   The domcttk■ or «Hhh*ldin« work?  .   .  .   |»   »».j
        . *9 ll»i.„.J    .. . -
brands are In good demand aud naturally this condition may *e expected
to continue during ti»» nMt fom
weeks, bat mamtfactnrine i« tn ** ntf
Indwd, ver) trying for men aha \*»*
full duns to a legitimate union to work
ilil* liy *W«* wItli wttv oko do net—
with mwi who 1o*k to fh»»f*r ew** nt*-
(able when tonnage was rwdr to m.-taj"*"*"1 »**,#> wpeelallr since th* mlM*»*al lateretia onlv, a»*ktnt to mm
ami eaporut ot wheat are going for*
sard at s good pace, helping to Improve oar position In the 'or»»»a
money markets, Naturally the sue-
can* of th# allies in tta ft»M tt*ert*
also to improve the ffnanciaf situation
In London, and so for the time bains
perhaps the best thst can be said Is
that matten are gradually being rearranged,        *'
Xaturally witb the pabllc at large
commuted to • lnmVu>-mo<nJ» policy
with regard te maay pnrchasee and
tlm lm»»»••■»» world in xeoml In an
unsettled state, the demand ter codt
it unc«rta!n and Irregvlar.   It Is lu-
iy-aii*, KuuiKUMtt** wan war conditiona t «»«* *n» tn» aaspioyerw. getting the
toiiad that tha alight Increase allowed j **m«li ot any general rtae In w»g#s
to them made tt Impoui^s (or ikom
to buy liberally snd cut down their
orders even oaare than th*y h»rf dime
oemoion. wm rertnin ot ttm Ohio
mines still idle, the Hacking operators seem to he enjoying a good sc>
tlv* season, tending to compensate
them for their long period of tdlenees,
I'nrortunately It Is a report of to*
m<)p..tlf-?.','<f -"dtutttUtiu oa *»uft *m\ that
**. get from the sorthwwat. It seams
'.I1.,,   A.i.n,,i*:    lli,t».    mitni    -roii-iinoos
•seared without their aid net ia   tb* jJ5»7l»«lT»\S rjtprassat*  Thar.
t«#»h of th*lr etppmiit**!* mtn wtw nr*
preferred father thing* being equal!
for vacanrim aad prom*** len.
"Kvery fair man woaniaee the dlf-
flewtttei of ths positioa tvery man
wbo Is sot toa aawrh or.. ;.*rtts«n to
look stssetlM* at the ttor Mie of
tV*' tl«d««. ftv amM',«-. ..,►•• i-mccdO}
WtoH me. a aaa «nte»»*«« tm   m*
Ul*.: u« *i.l*t*i -aotot-j tm io- it.**'* ot pit
should prevail ibere   at   the opwUsgl"*" Peraoaal latent, wiitrat any m-\
of th* fall *mma »n*t i*Thsj»* en aa-\tar* *• tSw tnt*r**t#   *f   u*   f-Mkw
net m*m pwueo ta
This Lumber BusUms
Whs* yoa **«t sprees on to ao
yea hemlock. Wkso yoa bnt
hrsKlsas lumber ws doa't Mlp ta t
lot of calls.  Thess whs few/«see frss
•rt «trays «otn*t agata, TW* «ht
save eat yet suds tmt sesaaliiaacs
in. tnklun, AtUMtM* iSkmy w-MtMe't •*
neater if t**y Seaght their ImnSm
Hardware and, Furniture
Phone 37
FIKNIE     -      Be Oe
deed fortunate that thare Sre so many' """>f '* m M tmM ia th# ***tmtWb "&***•   «e look*d
inquiries being received from on* for
elgn land and another for steam coal
JUmmmk*. lor   thtm   **m*o to improve
I the tone of the heme mark*?*,   Wen*
Ithe nblpper* of coal today p»trkt»d
to the handling of orders actually in
hand   snd   concerned   with domestic
tuion of a good market.   Buffalo re- f itimtm. tmmw !>*
t'hwt* tb* disturbed condition* ot Cnn- jmmm **» «*»hlw4
"■'lid *»l Utt. *b.H» Wi
TfcSSS WIW, tade'd.
Sine frwi m t*mli<<-nt
j*M* aa***#r |»   thf *K'*-.-.Mty ie,i   !fe#-
■reutt t*f*iX,-y'.* •>.. Cl,. [, i^r77 TT* TTI-l. I "<*"*WI#fi»   th*   fn'mtf   apenton id
Miebitae, *»M t*h» -*tb*t
*....-_r tf'
-*••"! Peat* i,» , .
t4«*mt i t'otemia aad
f.ivera for
away front
t*t* ■remmom j — OaalSfs lw —
ftmnter.  Lath,  thlatlsa.
rerd«, rem-     Ooon,    •WrCMtTrft-Steutdlnt*
i n *«. «n *c«    •*• -: 1   Turainfa. Atetket*. ewi Detail W»h
OrglCt AND VAftD^MePI-wrvew aa*
OpfiaMts C H. D.t»t   P.O. te* W
I   Pbette ti.
nuv, % mt*
i»^/*m °** H****** tmnn tto.
f ward far aay t*,- td Catarrh that ra«
>*«t fe* <«?n b$ mu* entnnb eon,
iJ i*»**#*r rw i«r»Tt ..
t),IM  Imt'
Mown V,
#-**«  tf'l lattrat
),)M p0ttttt.t) *.<**ft«»f!»i«« j* an <MittM«a>
.tttHttif     «H4.f     tl.  t,     m'I*        ,'  '.       iu
.«•«» ***** mmr tit*m>**i-.*» m-**f.   L» He
' ^tftrutsxt. nxftK <>v '""Xtxtv.iu'v.
| »»**«»■*»■»  umwiarHt «f lb*  »* 9i»ttt,,    -fern.
Ilini-fliiJil* »*r.» tt**,   I'll*** TJ t*OI* wtr
,      T*»h»  Ut*,, a   Va- IS}   !**>:«  tut *<«»||.
■HI ■^W^Afx^Ax-; ^^Wx^jA^i ak%:A:
_-_jV^_-     . . 1
LFp •'    V
rl? j,
t    & .     *   ^
Great Bargains in Suits
LOT Xo. 1.—Tea Pair Suits of superior quality,
made in tlie popular styles; eome in Serge, Broadcloth and^vool Poplin. Jackets are cut in the now
fancy effects and skirts come in the long tunic and
others with the new flare. Colors: Black, navy,
brown, green. Copenhagen and gray. Sizes: 16 to
38.     Regular prices: $40.00.to $50,000.
SPECIAL   $30.00
LOT No. 2.—Nine Suits in good Fall styles, witli
the new Skirts and trimmings. Jackets come in
round and square cuts. Sizes: 34 to 40. Regular
priee, $32.50 to $37.50.
SPECIAL    $22.50
LOT No. 3.—Nine Suits in this lot. with all the
new cuts. Jackets come with fancy collars and
well lined with satin. Sizes: 34 to 42. Price
$20.00 to $27.50.
This is a splendid
opportunity t o
buy a good servie-
able Sweater io
work in.. Conies
in navy oni y
made in a close
rib with deep tfoll
collar. Regular
values $1.75
Saturday     $1.00
•icW»"      $1.00
This is a very convenient style and can be left
open in front; has good collar that can be buttoned
up close if desired. These are made in heavyweights, brown trimmed with green, fawn and
khaki, smoke and fawn. This Sweater is good
value at $2.75.
Our Saturday selling price will be $1.75 each
"\Ve are prepared to fill your wants in Rubbers,
Overshoes, Gum Boots, ete. The new winter stock
is now open, with mnny new lines in low cuts and
styles that will fit any shoe and all the different
style heels.
Everybody knows this line
of Underwear made from
pure wool. We cany this
in all sizes, 84 to 44, and will
place it on sale Saturday at
$1.00 Per Garment
The weather suggests heavier Underwear, Sweat- ,    |j
ers and heavy Sox?    This Saturday we will offer
the most wanted lines at prices that mean a big
saving on your winter supply.
Light-weight Rubber Boots in Women's,
Misses and Children's
■   Child's size from 5     to lO^
Misses' size from 11     to   2
Women's size from 2l/» to   7
Heavy Lumbermen's Rubbers
AVe have added several new lines this season to
our large assortment, among them being two and
three hole lace in men's and boys.    Also boys' and
youths' heavy gum boots.
Little Gents' Heavy Boot Rubbers—Made specially for boys. These are particularly good for
rough wear.    Sizes: 8, 9 and 10.
Thanksgiving Specials
Fancy Hothouse Lettuce per lb. .30
Fancy Okanagan Celery ..,-' 2 lbs. .25
Fancy Table Figs per 1 lb. pkg. .20
Fancy Table Raisins : per 1 lb. pkg. .20 ..
Golden Dates .,.. per lb. .15
Fard Dates , , per lb. .20
Mixed Nuts  .2 lbs. .45
Fresh killed Chicken per lb. .26
Fresh filled Fowl  ;. per it. - .22
Fresh killed Turkey ; .per lb. .28
Fresh killed Ducks '. , per lb. .25
Juicy Red Apples  5 lbs. .25
Juicy White Apples 6 lbs. .25
Juicy AVhite Apples  .per box 1.40
Tokay Grapes  .2 lbs. .25
Cape Cod Cranberries per lb. .15
Mixed Candy  2 lbs. .25
Fancy Chocolates per lb. .35
Crosse and Blaekwell's Red Currant  Jelly
lib. pot .' , 30
Wild Rose Honey .". 16 oz. .30
1 Heinz Tomato Soup  per tin .10
Van Camp's Assorted Soups  .2 for .25
New Laid Eggs ; 2 dozen .85
, House Furnishing:
Each 35c.
A soft, fleecy finish, made specially for ladies'
and children's kimonos. Come in plain and fancy
designs.    A splendid   weave   and   fast   washing
COMFORTERS Special $2.50
Extra large size and well filled.     Covered with
a good heavy chintz.
Saturday Special     $2.50
Extra heavy and a big size, comes in grey and
white, with both pink and blue border.   Jm
thing for the cold nights. >
This Store will be close all day
Monday (Thanksgiving Day)
Here is your opportunity to get a new Fall Hat
at a very small cost.   You will have no difficulty
in getting one to please you with our large assortment.    Tliey are in three different lots.
TABLE No. 1-Ha'ts ranging from $10 to $12.50.
Special  $7.50
TABLE No. 2.—Hats ranging from $7.50 to $9.00
Special.  $5.00
,w - 1S\BLF^Nx^-a,^H^frr^8giB^fgonv45^0°to^6^0°
Special .'; $3.75
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
R.  IV.
To The Le
To the Bditor. Fernie Ledger.
Dear Blr,~As a tubtcriber to your
paper, I ask a privilege to reply to cer-
tain criticisms appearing In your paper
dated September 10tb, 19H. In an
editorial entitled "Tbe Physical lubricant," t am informed that said editorial U tbe remit of the request of several correepondents to reply to a letter
of mine appearing In tbe Wentern Clarion, dated September 12th, IOH. Had
the reply met the denlrei of your correspondents, which was, I believe, an
analyaia of. and. If possible, a refutation of, statements made tn reference
the working class must grow worse as
long as capitalism obtains, and that
the interests of the working class lay
in the com uie te overthrow of the wages system. And I defy any man or woman to prove that I oyer advocated
anything else, here and now, other
than the abolition of tbe wage* system. It is not that 1 with to boast,
but to convince my comrade* In arms
that I am not wbat the Ledger would
havo tbem boliuve, u disappointed office seeker. No. my friend, the grap>
es are not sour; but the fact that It
bat been Inferred tbat to me the grap-
to our organisation, I would bave let j«a are sour. Is rather saggettlva tbat
mch a reply »(w«k for Itself. But at to my critics, tba grapes are awect.
tbe reply le centred on tbe person tbat |   Again, tbe editorial saye, tbe laat
paragraph Is tbe most significant. And j
now yon gods and would-be's I bave]
stood aside and allowed you to flimflam aad hoodwink tbe Island mlntrt
for Iim last two yeart with yoar stati-
mental bunk and bourgeois economic*.
And now take notice bow tha above
sentence is perverted la the aaat
paragraph, It ts hard to reconcile
the fact that a class conscious stave
can stand aside aad allow hit feiiow-
woriart to be sold again without pro.
testing. Tbe word flim-flam Is converted to MM. Haft t aot made It
piti* la ay Itfttr thtt It wm t**. *uu
ootetf to call tbetr sfMwtten ta tk*
fact titat tbey wart told, bat tbat tliey
aaderttoed: TMa It aot to tar I did
not prtdoot, far tt!«for protesting that
f have bten on tbe bad book* with stall affictaidea of th* U. at. W.
wrote ■'- <Wrion letter, and at reflection* have bees cast ott my character,
I feci duty booed to defend myeelf, nn
tbe occailoa sow demaoda.
The sentence la tbe editorial wbkb
•ttt**, be it never content aatll he
bat told m what tremendoot tacrf-
fleet ba hat mad*. It unmerited, ror
N»* 1 aot fraakly adartttad la ay teb
tm tbat I bav* beta three yeara oat of
Mre on tut** Then bow conld I
bete tayttdat to saerifle*? Have I
act alto atated that tbe working cl**«
foaad as* Igaoraat. aad tbat tbty took
%m aad ftva a* ta edm-stlee*. of whlrh
1 aa ptwadf How the* aaa it be
elated tbat aar latter I* a atria for
aay aafftflcaaaar pert Hocbacoa-
oiailca could «aty be arrived at by a
aaeaui altaarrtage. No one ever
tbawgbt «f t>#iaiaiag «by the tot taM
tOm m-ttmo nam mm*     <ftfiom*m**m*M*ieiw„*  •*,*   .,,.  t.t,.   >•* _   . ,„.,        „„  „ ...   .rr„ ,
Maided to eemrerr tbe taw* 1*** n* n I aarnA** -1 tteek **tk* ntit Me*** tb*' lb* t*t**t f*,*t nttdn tbnt "1 ^t,*,* tin
cntla. tbat I am a dt*>) miaert to be fttm-flamnad with boor-J apfltgy ta mska from at«tpttat rtOef
la tbe U. Of.(»it(taeoM)aics.tortc«Mlletkl*fiMtlrroa aa orgaalaatlM t bad aa faith
W. *d A.    la aaswer to tbw I waMtakardrerthesetboreC-pbrtlealU-ila.-   TMe la tk* aaa dlfflcM part of
krttaat"   After tbe maater ta wbiabItbevrbole luiiaiiadiri.toowrtHBd.
*»%»« amntte* tn -mt* ****** t «ew«« ****-***** ~t»n*** n-ttadttl** «.^*vit,. ».
Ewlthbl». • Tben ie mdtm
awwver, w ia* Kstsst m tm*
Mleace.    To tadet not aana>
iL*m m^^^m^mj^mg^ m%^mtt At tket %_\w_^__m__ __§_\____\
WlVftk^ tftfkSbnMKrihtt^^ ^m ^H^^aJk mmJ^ _t^__m ______
mmme ■■wawaaa-aiaaaaa mtt imim^Amr tttw^ep -w^pa" eme^
I aettwo bas mn, mm ftaittb ts to
ja*j^^M^M^M^^ ^^^eof__^_m Um -m'J_t_^J_\ |^^*&   tmm.
-I havw trted f« ssop tbla atria* at K* be-
tmjOjkk*^tLa^*Q   **a|^^Ub    a^f^^^x    MfagL   gu^^^^    ^ag^^«J4   ___m
et^^mm^^mm "aaaa ^^a^MP et^w ^i^^mtem* eimmemimj *^eee
w^ "^gf  ^p-^wa a^iaH^ tm^em mtmit^mm^^midm^& w *omme^
■*___. __   t%_,t*  MAW iflrialk ftuft-aJi _m^^—t—*ml i*-**   k^  ^aM^^HM^L   a_t   _m-w   I^ia
•wt em, tsetr aenp wins mew swyetsevei nn as* eegwstpitipi »• ***¥ *m*t
te aaawtr ta ail atiar la ebamt tbaiara ver* mnmtHeA.7 Ot alt
•ta   mww^w*"1^^    own  ■wmi   wemmnnr    ^^w   v^Mpe   we^^rj **^*m^r   wm^ff   ^^^^otwinnmwneemm     ^**^  ^r^w
Tlw gMafaa ef tbe ttetAi aattsd o/toi me mtmt be as tb*
does not seo any contradiction in
standing by and allowing his fellow
workmen volunteers for the front, to
march into the jaws of death, without
protesting. I have no apology to make
for accepting relief from an organisation I had no faith In, I had only one
alternative, to scab. That I bitterly
resent the squandering of so much
hard earned money Is manifested In
my letter In the Clarion. In conclusion. I wi«h to ay: Lit us for a moment suppoke that I am a disappointed
offlco-scckur, or as my friend Lou&h-
ran says, 'a wide-awake hypocrlu,"
what does that prove? It thtt the
test possible defence to the charges
I mado aga<::st tbe U. M. W? if it Is
then tuch a defense is an admission
that so far as my critics know, the
charges mnde are true. At alrea-Jy
stated. I believe men's actions are determined by tbelr economic environment and their mental ntakt up Hence
I bear no malic* agalntt any man.
Personal attacks on my character art
only ao many cempllmente to aa; ay
critica meet witb my heartfelt tymps-
Hoping yon will gtvt thit tbe tame
aablleity at tbe reply to ay letter,
I aa,
Vour* retpectfully,
(Wbll* tb* correspondent ttgna bit
aaatt to this commaaloaUoo, wt ar*
not tar* tbat he wlsbet It to appear, at
rtfrala from publiihiag seta*. Of tba
eo*aaaakat>o« we baft Httl* aaa-
meat to auke.lat woald rtatad tl*
writer thtt to leag at ba to ccataat ta
rtasala aaldeat if led it la tapaadWa fer
tn ta baeoae "p*r*oaaL" Ai "M. w."
lm l* known a* mw* as any other an-
aayaovs letter wrttar, In tba flrtt
pert af hU letter tbe
-*,..WI»I. . »■ -.«*.   mt.
been making in the Clarion, and, mark
you, of telling tbem not at the "beginning of the strike.'' but this year.
In another part ot hit letter he states:
"Let ut for a moment suppose that I
am a disappointed ottlce-sepkor.or as
my friend Loughran say*, 'a wideawake hypocrite, what does tbat
prove? It tbat tba beat possible defence to the charge* I made .. I believe men's actions aro determined by
their economic environment and tbelr
mental make up." "It, W." mutt not
deny this belief to his critica, and-tbey,
like him may bear no malice. Personally wo bave always malnttined
that the U. M. W. of A. and tta officials
(also the editor of tbls paper) are not
tbove criticism tnd fair criticism 9s
tnd alwaya will ba welcomed, but It
It bard to understand tb* individual
who, given every opportunity, vnil
tttnd aald* and tt* a body of men
"nia^lammed," "hoodwinked," "sold,"
or bought and atteoivt to defend bla-
mdt by Ute arguiaaat that "to resist
toy popular movement wbta at Ita
highest pitch of eathutiatm It folly."
And y*t of this "popular nov*m«nr
"R. W." ay*. "Htr* I not ead* It
plala bi ay letter that it wat aot necessary to call their attention to tbe
fact Wat they wer* gold, bnt tbat tbey
of introductions. Special mention
mutt be made of the efforts of T, Up-
bill, who oocupied the chair, and bad
early In tho week persuaded the coal
company to grant a late train for the
benefit ot tho Coal Creek brother*.
The Moose will be holding a social
for the brothers and their nale
friends during the month, and It U to
be hoped that every member will
make an effort to Introduce a now
member on thia occasion.        <
A dance ts alto contemplated early
in November particular of which will
be announced next week.
All members ahould make an effort
to be preaent next Monday night at
7.30 when buslne** of an Important
nature will ba discussed.
tw net that 1 aa aa adherent af
£Ayfe    m m\,* ^attAm Mian*    _9_m__^__^__^_,in_m,_^    _^_t_    ki^.^^
mmm nnfT mm tnm   . (WM -F|pi ttm  em  wrw ttt m
#w¥  w^Hjat-w*
w»tfa % te brief, thtt aaa'i tcUoes
am deteneiMrf b* Ua eiHMMele mw*
'ij*jr - .     1 .
lit               •
J**!    . -' '
^irf* *>   -
t&**l*>r   •
tfranaat. aad ble s*d*r*t**4h« af
flat eavtrooaebL   Uriag ia a ciaaa
aaatair**, tad tafctag aa aetlv* p*n ta
^8^*4',   *$.
tha tiaaa aaafasataL ar tttum mtmmtbn.
if a tmn'n ntxim* cmfUct atth bt*
?mfcf *"•
■rttta attisaa. it a tuttat haa—a h*
,».... ...»
mmimm tmn ■wmtwfi mtm mmmmmnmum* mem*
*,fflJP' •#
wftiaaaiiBi^^^a^t    tadi^ft jkJ^s ^db^a^^m. mmt^^^^mtam^atmnw   *j____\
nAen, tm las wmtdtttm Ma flaaa laia
S_^p.*M'       *t*
|bp^>< iy
twi*re*tt, wbkb caa only ** dotk* at
■Hfil^p §*, *
the expeatt af M* dem    Wttb mt
Ik* aWdaiaf WU la tttaeWu th*
V. Jf. W. etS m ea onaalatka
tbea wa aaa aaaraHy aadawtaad bla
ernttee ta timHem •naataatha" art
then ttttlag »Bt ba -b»d no faitb la
tt- •a»m#i *aa iM ae^etarr ta
wait naiillha apittattea bad aptai
Htetf b>fef§ ha lalwa*d l>H tettev.
il aaa aa beak? We
H artttts* -It w.-
btn&ly. hat»« aaat tmetmt «wtmn
Tba awfittri of tbt Loyal Order af
Mooae aad tbalr fritada aatallat
la tba ledgt rata (K.P. 1UU> ud
tpeat aaa af tbe aaiA eajeyabl* evt*
tag* la Oi* Matery et me order, tha
whole affair waa a roetatfea ef tb*
ability or tba Moon to wtertato, aai
theae wbo had not previously enjoyed
JI-^-99.     hAltelf>*lli«     mJt     mtA*^.      ■0.*9--.--W...m.4--~--*     mu*99al*^
Hi mmV%\mm\j  %n tpt ■TOUNVP IP!
. ******  wn   tf***i*mt+mm*  +>**#*menu*.
itbnrHy nfter TIT. ilit'.rt- rm- cot o txfit
naatat aatu aftar ftt si*gla« af'(hi'
"tmmmom* TbeOemommtot*
tlagaat taraad m M tmee. aai thalt
mmm* wee, in en nwwvww* oammtaiitim,
»„9\       t. ,..!%..        . *, .*»•»,
.. ,.■  ,.,  9. ,,tii.*9,.*.,   ,tt,. ttmawa.ittkmjttit
lair ta btdtvtdaoHaa. itt mmw aaa
^^■W^     a a*    Ww> a W**^VM.^Vf  t^n***    HP W a^w0*ttrew^*    ^--^f^
at tb* tea of bl* *r htr form aad tb*
aadtoatv ahaaai thatr
J^g_    99^i^^^^^Q^^m
»mm Ivaaa, of OMar V*tk».. **•
tbooo pra*at t lltrtt talk •• "asad
af th* order." «bU* fhaaaa Vt*m
tnet Vttmm alao Mil faw weed*
Franci* Jcntscb, ta* genial hair ab-
br«vt*tor and face polbhtr at tbe Clnb
Barber Parlora, Intends going aftor
bruin's scalp or bide, and promise* t?
come back with tome vtalton-or
b**r steak.
Thar* haa bam eoaeidtrabl* oom*
mtnt la tha pret* regarding tha n*-
laetaaea of mntb Cbatdlaat to rot*
«at**r for th* Mat. To each critic*
It aay b* latataatlaff to know tbat
thar* wire area natlvte of Qaahaa
with tha Feraie ooaUagaat. Most at
thaa were former retldeata of Hoaaer
with a prafrtac* for war** had
tltrtrate ta tk* C P R'« d*ttrt*4 »U-
flaaiaa Badaa. wha aaaiataa tha
ww^^ra^at    waav Mf     w^w    a^^*^waw*awa    w^^m
Wtmte Coal Cfwek aatwaobn* tttg*.
tn connection nth the Oui Cmk
awl! contract, bad a rery narrow
aa tha rttera Jtaraay W Wad-
survived by a brother living at Butte,
and a titter who resides at Connele-
vllle, Pa.
The management ot tbe Orpheum
have succeeded in securing a great
feature ia "The Million Dollar Mystery." Thit tt another serial film,
consisting of 22 episodes to appear 23
consecutive weeks.' The film it produced by the Thanbouser Film Co.,
who htv« offered a prise of |10,00 for
the beat 100 word solution of tht
myatery. First installment at tbe
Orpb'oum Monday and Tuesday.
Captain Stalker, commanding "IT
Company of tbe 107th Regiment held
company drill at the Drill Hall last
evening, at which SS of tha 32 an*
rolled members attended. Csptatn
Stalker Is to ba congratulated on tba
fine showing made by hia mtn In so
abort a time. Perhaps tba captain's
genial personam^ haa something to
do with the ttwedta of hit aquad for
ba bat tha happy knack of attracting
torn* ot tb* fin-ttt material for a mllltla compaay.
Harry Mackay waa aaat op far two
moatht by Hit Wortblp Jodga Wbta-
attf oa Wedaeeday for baatlag hit
board bill. Coastabl* Haghaa arr*«-
ad Mackay on th* Mind ot th* watt*
boaad paaaaagw t«a ariaaa aftar iw>
calving the information ihat he wat
beating hit board. .The constable
had earlier in the day warned tha man
to quit town and the faot that be bad
occasion to arrest bim when ha wat
leaving town gave rite to a roport
tbat reflected discredit upon the officer. We are In a position to atate,
however, that Constable Hughe* only
dtd bit duty in seeing that, a hard'
working woman wat sot victimized.
11 a.m. Thanksgiving Service; T.30
p.m., "Wbat It tha D**p**t Detlre of
Man?" 2.20 p.m. .Sunday School.
Wadaeaday, 7.S0 p.m„ pram meeting;
You ara cordially Invited to aH the
tervlcet. W. J. MacQuarri*r adaitttr.
♦ Klia AWAY ♦
♦ Wa ara r*qu*st*d by tha aae* ♦
♦ rotary of th* HHlertst Loot! ♦
♦ to advlaa all men to May away ♦
m from that eaap for tb* precast, ♦
♦ aa than ara mora thaa aaMd* ♦
♦ teat   aaa   te  flit   paetttoaa.*
♦ Notice will be given through ♦
♦ tb*t* colaaaa when eoadttloaa #
♦ ara normal ♦
nl n Aitt!* ^W*n  emiHWfrti
|V* ♦
nt top
tmt tm
la ww. ya bo'rtM tbe
'ii^**^Sl^>; _
, f fi-
tbotprtrantd^ itwjoaa pnig *fTff*W:tirH'n*** 'B Tsrakt  ha*   waa   »tf
• ^1 ^*a^^a*;.i^m9m*9^, .tt^99 "*■ -"- .s:.^^'Jm^tm9-iMk .%mmm .     - ___ ^___      «*«■*.^
*■ waaaat*wamwg iar nt iafiaiiti,|wawww mroegnoat wt vtm    Wt vt
^**)--t .■*,
Am., ■
nf Uir Ttwftr nr
eatkmtd bf tba meet heavy thowtra.
Ma tadhlaa aUddai ia tatatag  a
ebb.    ta aaaa aaaaar, haw*
mam* t%* »ni*n.i   .....*.,» ,.  ..
• •   i "^t'■>'-. **t *e **9 *m,
fight ttauca, thaaha ta wbkhBartaa
e aaw  wt.^aa mmmmm w^a aaw^p
lajaryv Aa It waa thay
aad tht rar vtry badly daiMg*4   '.
- fib fawral af th* lata Wwaa a
.^^^^**   ^*mm   *^w^M IMP   mmo9W^tJri Wmt^F'
mm tnm tbe mtdttilbtmr p****** nt
C tt. fbamttia.   Th* lacuBil em
daa  ringaa  ^^^^^n^^^^   ji^af^^^^^^^^   j^^^^^m^^^to
m aai *aiiag th* ebte* aad ar* ear- ,m t* »«t*.
taatr tatttad  t* aaaHl aatttt. tlm* ttu tmt room* ■m*^* mm* mm
*^i^^p   tww(a*w     em   ,-^pmm^^*     ^w^waa-f^fp^jpf^^w ww^w wwwp   tana/ fanw mmm -^mmmt
n^^^^j^^^. ^|^^ i^^^l ^j^^ijL^^-^u ___t iM^^b -^_^_^m_^lm_^_m_m_imlt ^tW^Aitto        a^^ #1^^ ^^^^^ t^m^*9^^^^
*lWBH^y 1W WPK IWBhWw mm mmm ••HP'MPPWWw **f»      PW Mmm pOTI aHaPPBB
waa th* ml aglrlt et tntmmbs that)Ihara ia hat mm
Thanksgiving Dinner Prices at
The Butcher Shop
V LfiiL ■  see for    mM&;
Fr#th  Turkeya and
The 41 Market Co.
•y •
.,. *,. ;


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