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The District Ledger Jan 30, 1915

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Array ■;*(,-•    l—itmJ: i    ;     '*,\.
\
Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
^■■*\y'tCT.«iX*£'t&
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Political Unity Is Victory
No. 28, Vol. VIH.
THE DISTEICT LEDGER, FEBNIE, B. 0., JANUARY SO, 1915
The Legislati^4|sembly
of British Columbia
On 'flh-tirsday last the new Lieuten-
arit-G-bvernlpr, P. -S. -Baimajrd, opened
the Legta&aitlve Aisseimbly at Victoria
with the osuaQ formalities.
Tbe subjects brlefily touched upon
In the spaeah from the throne, after
allusion .to the existence of war had
been made, were:
"IndustnJal Activity."
"Bond Sales."
" Woolunaa'a * Compensation."
"Agricultural' Improvements."
"ftuttoi Moratorium,"
it is intended tbat this session aball
be a. Bfciort one, -and unless something
unexpected transpires a month hence
the -labore at the third -session of -the
loth {\u-lhiment .will have been concluded.
With leforettoe to the imln-ena-l output
for 1914 the BtaXement is made that It,
was |l,850,000 less, than the previous
year, -due to -the lower price of m-etaUs.
Touchilng upon the -lumbering industry oomficmt Is -furnished to th-oae whose
mille -are not running by the knowledge
that tihe pulp amd paper products are
finding ready -sale.
As airesa-dy -sfflaited In these columns,
Uie compensation act will -remain as it
is for a year ai leiaiat, so that experience may be cfbtafned -by lhe results
achieveld -by recent eoactmen-ts in
Washington, Oubainio, etc.
Dominion Truat Matters
Damtatoh Trust matters are likely
to be -thoroughly aired during the session. -Mr. Parker Williams will attack
tbe government on this subject and
prondaes -to make isenaational charges
against the -department of the attor-
ney-geinerni) and against the attorney-
general personally for allowing the
Dominion (Trust Company tio -proceed
aster tbe time wihen, Mr. Williams alleges, the -attaraey^general knew that
the late W, R, Arojolri was breaking
MASQUERADE BALL
VANCOUVER TO HAVE
ANOTHER LOCAL MEMBER
The Grand Masquerade Ball given
by the looal- FrateTaial Societies working in conjunction; with the La-dies'
Benevolent Society ot\ .Monday evening in Victoria Hall, was one of the
most successful events held here this
season. The attendance was satisfactory, over two hundred couples taking part. The judges had no' easy
task ao pe-rEorm in awarding tihe prizes, as the -costumes were so numerous
and the richness an-d elegance of them
surpassed any collection on exhibition
in this oity. , The following are t-he
prize winners:
Mrs. Ireland, best dressed' lady,
"Queen Elizabeth."
James Blakemore, best dressed gent,
"Duke -ot Wellington."
-Mrs. Johnson, best character tarty,
"Belgium" (Poverty).
Harry H-aydock, heist character gent,
"Jester."
'(.Miss M. Neath, best dressed girl,
"School Girl."
Miss A. Mills, best character g-lrl,
"Indian Girl."
J. R. Puckey, best comic gent,
"Sandy McKie."
Miss L. Telfer, best lady waltzer.
The committee in charge of tihe .masquerade ball take this opportunity of
thanking the donors of the various
prise's, among .whom were Mrs. E.
Todd, .Trites-Wood' Co., Crow's Nest
Trading Co., II. N. 'McLean, X. B. Sud-
d-aby, A. C. Liphardt, R, DuUnie, J. D.
Quail, and1 also ex-press their thanks
to all whose efforts resulted in making
the event such a notable success.
' A special meed of praise is due to
the musicians for the excellence of
the-to performance, the consensus of
opinion may be summed up in the remark, made-, by one of tiie dancers,
. VICTORIA, Jan. 26.—The report of
the commission ou redistribution has
uot yet been announced. It is underload, however, that changes recom-
mended! will -provide for an itacrease of
five members in the legislature.
Vancouver will get another member,
Rich-mood, which now includes North
Va-mcou-ver, South Vancouver, Bburne,
Howe -Sound, etc., will have three members, (instead of only one us at present.
The other two additions wl-l-l be in
.Northern Oarl'boo. The entire district
of Yale-Cariboo is now represented by
two members at large. Tlie change
will give a -member for Fort George
and probably another tor the Grand
Trunk Pacific zone to the westward,
embracing Smlthers, Aldemiere, etc.,
The House now con-tains 42 -members, If the recommendations are adopted the new House will contain 17
members.
Was lhe Dispute Over
Wages to be Paid
Taber Council Agreed on 20 Cents an
Hour—-Taber Stores Entered by
Robbers
Stormy scenes were witnessed in
the -co-un-cdl session for a few minutes
on Monday eventing last, when the
.town -fathers discussed the question
whether work provided by the town
for relief -purposes would be -paid at
the rate of 20 cents an hour, or at tbe
stipulated -mSnl-mum wage of 30 cents
an hour, which is supposed to be paid
for all town work.
The council have on deposit in the
bank the sum of $500 for expenditure
for park purposes. Lt is proposed to
spend this amount at once to provide
work Cor the unemployed, and it will
be expended in replanting trees froni
-the river around -the agricultural
grounds or other town property. It
Is a known fact that whito tide is not
JOHN LOUGHRAN
"GOMES FORWARD"
To the Bditor, District. Ledger.
Dear Sir,—When I got my mail on
Wednesday of last week and found that
my reply to "Da-V'i Rees Comes Back"
wa* returned, I felt inclined to say-
some swears, and make a new years'
resolution never to write to the Ledger again. However, seeing thore
were still a few weeks left before the
Convention meets, and as "every picture tel-ls a story," I thought it best
to try again In hopes of finding the
Printer's Devi! ln better humor next
time. .But seeing tlmt when .Brother
Dave "Come in the we sina.' hours," he
told us that he could not give this de-
tote the attention it deserves, and as
this letter will close the controversy
so far as I am concerned', I wii-I endea-
| vor to steer clear of new issues, and
Instead of using caustic or sa was tic
remarks I will try to explain briefly
how elections are conducted- in. Great
Britain and -allow the members to be
the judges as to whether that method
Is preferable to. t-he-'system of conducting ejections in- jUistnlct 18 or not.
Needless to say the members of
every trade'flnd.cratt.-in Great Britain
belong to loca-lst* much- the same way
as -they do on fchds oo&lnent; and that
ail the locals betog^iljfe to any .particular trade or crsift are governed by
District or Ckwn-tiy.. associations. For
Instance, in, th-&-.Co»nty of Durham,
Kngland, where J spent the early part
of my life, the ooal industry is by far
the -most Imiportajvt, aiid all the local
miners' unions are federated with the
PROPOSED NIGHT SCHOOL
FOR NEX1  WINTER
By J.
Kyle, A.R.C.A., Organizer of
Technical Education
ne"^Tr"«ao"TO«~iSs^TOtejrT'nreticem-
pany wna operating Illegally. Mr. Williams and -Mr. Place have a rataodate
fram (peveral .hundred N-anaimo depositors tovdeaand a searching inquiry into j
everf-fjtete^^^ tdafce Sunday
moosiA tbe government's relation j from the undertaking parlors at 2.45,
u3nyT~wiere,s-iKrrw*w—fcuaang;—Ai!eir*s"j TJh-e"mo*st" econoKH*cartime~or"'yieaf_to
Orchestra ite sure all right"
INTERMENT
Tbe funeral ot Thomas Mason, of
callapae oiut
directly ot ladtoe-rtily with this concern.
J, <Ptece (Socialist), Nanaimo, Intend* to bring up the Gas Inspection
Oatamittee question 1» the Legislature
this •emi-ob. If the third time works
the Ohnrm something touM be dono to
reiqedy the grievioua state of affairs,
well Jenow-n -to exist by the miners,
bui little WMtefflotood by- the (general
public, aa Plaoe baa on two .previous
oooaalona -tailed the attention of the
re-pnssontatfvea of the people (!) to
this mattor.
WORKER ANO BOSS TOO
FAR APART
U.
8. Commissioner Relieves Lack ef
Intercourse la Fomenting
Dissension
thence to English Church.
For many years pas; school trustees
all over the world have been realizing
that the education of the boy ancl girl
ought not to stop when they leave the
day school, but should be continued
-beyond the years of adolescence, even
to seventeen and eighteen years of age.
'llie neglect of the years between
fourteen and eighteen has often a deplorable effect In counteracting any
habit of concentration and study which
may have been developed at school.
If these years are wasted the youth
are undoubtedly handicapped for further effort. When this fact wias fully
recognized, classes were formed in order to siviB young people a chance to
voluntarily attend night schools, aud
continue the education received in the
day school. This many thousands
have done greatly to their credit and
profit.
Progressive countries, however,
liave long since gone beyond the stage
of voluntary attendance, and now make
such continuation classes compulsory;
qlso providing means whereby such
study may be carried on before the
hour of seven In the evening.
This system is considerably beyond
our present stage, but the school trustees of Fernie would be doing a wise
thing if they would give the people
an opportunity to proceed with their
studies and fit themselves more completely for their daily employment.
As the abiliity of a nation to hold its
own against other nations depends
upon the skilled activity of its units,
B.C.
Federation of Labor
Convention
i
NWW YORK, Son, 34—natabUshtnotit
of a city, atate or national employment
agency, foundation of vocational
ftohool* and extension of continuation
Hchoota wwe suggested for Uie relief
of IndflntrMI unrest made in an address
hem tonight by 8. Thurston nalhwd,
wbo represent* Hie employe*™ as a
member of the United States commfs-
Wm. Minton -will speak at tbe Socialist Hall -Sunday, S iun., subject:
"Negation of Endeavor." ,
Dave Reee, I.B.M., will leave this
week for Indianapolis to attend a
boani> meeting in fhe Hobsler capital.
-Pernie Junior Hockey toam defeated
the Coleman Junior aggregation here
Saturday night to the tune of 7—d.
It. M. Young, secretary ot the Crows
Neat -Pass Coal Company. Ltd., left on
Monday for a visit to the Provincial
Capitol.
Two rlnka of local curlers left on
Monday evening for LethbrldRo wtoere
they wiill partl-Wpate in the bonaplel
now in -progress st the prairie city.
Regular monthly tea of Methodist
Church will be hold on Tuesday, Feb,
2nd, from 4 to C p.m., at the borne of
Mrs. Q. B. Thomson.
Tho regular monthly meeting of the
Ladles' Guild of Christ Church will be
held Rt the home of Mrs. Moffatt on
Wednesday, Feb. 3rd, at 3 p.m.
The person who took a cream silk
j knitted scarf, fringed, by mistake at
•| the masquerade bell, Monday, fa court-
to
aton oo Indnatrtal relations,    lie ex
pretnenl Ibe belief tbat the main cense! «ou«iy requ-eetad- to return
of dissension le lack of iMercottnse be-j MWi Marslmm, Annex, or to nox M.
l^ttr^tT.^jrTi?!,^!   w- *+ mm»* m on Wednesday
T^T..*     . ,    ?r!!^,     .      »»«hfs Mit bound tor a vMt to tbe
(camps   in   Canmore, llankhead aad
the Colorado mining field had mot to
dbKO«i tite aHoation frankly there
miotttd never have bean a strike.
The apeateer -MM he bellevad in the
i.r«.fit-Bb«rl-ng syatmn tnd that for several ytar.i be had -dlvidod one4hlrt of
Un- aueral proMts ef hie milling busl-
f.-ti In Kentucky among hts men. He
i x pressed the belief Utat tmlvartaJ ed-
iicnilon tree tMttn more toward aiding
the laboring man than are re the onions,
but tint the ■■Ion were doing mod J
t» n»||ltfj>'!*>f tie wen ntt *te»«Ttsa:.
rr-Rfwudofi at tbls Him, nb*n *4nm-\
tbm tmt Mt fteaily eolved the prob-j* *J*ctoI •***,0B •* lh« CAm^ Cw,rt
itn I Monday when tbe appeals off O. Aito-
m      v   i, u l     o bl^'1 **"'' Jla!itt I'arrt, -»l*o b-td been
New Yer* Makes Prsfrsss        iwnt*!!,,^ to ids months earii for U»-
t)»t, ot Itm itn«m-pJ«M-«wl iMNMti o«amo< ((MptMMm ol tl»« aet tv.p^vms the
H<« lit**. 1
other points, and will be away for
over* weok.
(Rewarding the municipal election,
noUtlng definite haa aa yet been ar-
ranged. The city authorities ar»
awaiting rectipt of advice from tbe
Aterney-tkMraTs Department before
any action will be taken. In the
meantime last year's t'ouiietl wtll
j tnwaact only each business as ts abso-
1 Mtely neceeaary.
Ill* HotKwr Jui'wa Thompson held
plant trees, it is the best time eo far
as ibe health of the tree is concerned.
This proposal met with the unanimous support of the council, but -when
it.: came to. deciding wbat should -hei
the rate of pay, the storm broke.
Mayor M-alo said that while 30 cents
an hour waB what-the tonm hnd always
paid, he thought 20 cents would be
better, ae the money would go farther,
and more reli-ef be given tn that way.
He considered that 20 cents an hour
would be sufficient for a man to 'provide the -actual necc-ss-itlee of Ufe for a
short time. He oUso pointed out that
he would not propose spending this
money at aM at the present time had
It not been Imperative that some -work
be provided for the unemployed. He
also thought that the number of *ours
each man should work should be limited, and that the married men should
be given the preference over single
men.
Councillor McRoberts could hardly
watt until the Mayor had finished putting Ws proposal before the'council'
before be launched upon a vigorous denunciation of the 30 centa an hour pro-
poeaS, He eald no man eould live on
•hat and ho would oppose it to the last
ditch.  It was not« living wage.
The remainder of the council, how-
eMer, were in favor of the 20 cents an
h<rir wago, even Con-twjiUor Drown
who -said that though thit was not tho
beet and moet economical time to
spend money, he thought something
ahould be done at once, lie would
not be in favor of 20 centa an hour for
one minute under normal conditions,
but It »4S a (location of providing r«-
Ref and making what llttlo money the
town had ro as far as possible. Tbe
couiKdl voted for the SO -rents wage.
Councillor Meltobents going on record
In the vote aa In opposition to it .The
hours of work were limited to 30 a
week tor married mon and to hour*
for slngh* men, Kven at that rate
the money will last a very short time.
offices in Ourhapfer'^*. Next in Importance to eb^bftMjf industry is the
coke and by-product business, but although the coke men have an organization of their own and elect their
own officers and control their own
funds, yet they a.rc represented on the
council of-the Miners' Association. The
same -might the said about the colliery
engineers, -the black-smiths and helpers,
^*n^~ther-snpwti*Jra aa^7oiTOrsrHB3"5il
other grades or clas-ses of men em-
county association, which has its .head |so R l8 t0 th<5 beneflts of al, that the
ployed about the-mines who are numerous enough to l»){e a separate union j vvork anY,^*, th6lr children tJ
workers make themselves efficient, reliable, trustworthy citizens and trades-
mien. It is with this end in view that
classes have been formed in various
cities In British Columbia and without exception they have been Immensely successful. I feel confident that
classes once began In Fernie would lc
not only well patronized but be a boon
to the community. ;	
Thc parents of those boys and s'r!s
who happen to have just left school
should pay particular attention to the
ol their own. They, -contribute to-
^$&».,tJ>e &iUl&,-ah$e Krea-ter a|W*-
clation and take their proper place in
Ita management.
And what is true of Durham County
is also true of most of the other industrial counties of Kngland, Scotland
and Wales.
Hut the trade unionists of Great
Britain have long since recognized tiie
fact that there Is no single organization in'the ..world powerful enough to
protect Its members against' the encroachments of organised capital in
times of advertdty or bad trade, seeing
that the money power Is almost entirely v.efted In syndicates, trusts and
wealthy corporations which not only
control the -machinery and the great industries, -but through their agents,
shareholders and paid lackey-*, aim
control parliament which makes tbo
laws their wage slaves are forced to
obey.
The groat Bivailsh miners strike of
1892 ami tbe -Scotch and Welsh miners
strikes wblch followed, taught tho miners of Oroat Britain a lesson they wero
not llkfly to forget. Although the
Durham end Northumberland Miners*
Associations were, perhaps, the oldest
awl wealthiest then in the world, yet
in about alx months their funds were
exbriusted nml tbe men defeated.
N'etHUem to my, while the Ki>gl!«!i
miners were out their Scotch and
V*.'«i**i-i iHol'tivi. **>iv luUliM w K-iMxi
tim« ami t-hat wage* In both i-ountries
went up rapidly, but when thc English
miners went to work, and the markets
became normal, the Scotch operators
asked for a 30 per out reduction. This
!i«d to a strike and r-twbled the English miners to get a bit of their own
bark, but w4ten the Heotsmen were
flogged, then "Taffy V" Utm earn*, and
after a ton* and bitt-t-r struggle be m*t
the same fsts a* hii brothers "JoUn"
ami "Sandy"
con
tinue the studies begun in the day
wehool.' They - should endeavor to
bafe their chlMren catch the night
scliool habit. The necessity for mental alertness, to grasp opportunities
and improve existing conditiona Is felt
now more than at any previous time.
The work of theee schools should be
centered around tlif* mining industry,
and boys should find a course of work
laid out which will lead them by gentle stages to the examinations for fireboss, overman and mine manager.
Let. it be clearly understood, how-
ever, that,there ehould bo no age limit,
boys, in the true Canadian- sense of
the word, of all ages should be welcomed. There Is no work done In the
world In which more knowledge and
intelligence la required than In mining. There la no work that I know of
which lends Itself so well to laying a
basis of general Intelligence.     Elec-
.rk'lty, cht'iiilHtry of gage*, mechani-
cul eugititieriiiK. civil «>ngiiieerlng, arej
all embodied lu the mining industry,
but U is impemtlvo that theory and
practice go Wnd In band.
It is Important too. thnt great intelligence miiould be exercised to ovoid all
waste ln the development of our re-
sources.   The toases sustained In other
countries   from   lack   of   -rare   and
thought in this respect tm« enormous.
Dr. Douglas, for instance, estimated
that dtirln* th*> 1u*t thirty x'enr* 170,-
000,000 worth   of   sulphur haa been
wanted  at. ihe  lllo Tinto  m1n«  In
tfpaln, and with the establishment  ot
Improved methods they now nx\** over
one million tons of itulphur i*<r annum.    Perhaps the most serious watte
which tm taking piare tn tho Dominion j
at the present time In conne-nion wfch j
ti* mineral renourre* Is in the mining
snd utilisation of coal. -    -
Knowledgtt of on#'t business -obvia- j To xit** Kdltor. Disrrkt LinIvt
j**»* wastP.     Ktiow!«d«<» !» the stuff;    Ik-ur Stir,   MhuuW !«• i-'-^il if
(Special to the District Ledger)
N-AXAJ'MO. B. C, Jan. 27.—The various delegates to the B. C. Federation
of Labor Convention, whioh convened
here on Monday morning in the Dominion Hall, were warmly welcomed by
George Hettigrew, International Board
Member U. M. W. of A., who, briefly
outlined the object ut the gathering,
and expressed, the hope that their efforts on behalf of tlie workers would
be crowned with success. Upon taking his seat he was warmly applauded.
President Watchman, having received the report on- credentials, thpn appointed the various committees.
Consequent upon the financial stringency having soi.idversely affected the
fun-d-s of the diflferent labor organizations affiliated with the Federation
the number of delegates in attendance
was only :ii, but the lack numerically
did not in the least affect the activity
-displayed, in fact, it may be said, with
ic-aiKtor, that the determination to .make
tlie proceedings of the convention notable seemed to, be the aim of every
delegate in attendance.
Tuesday, when the meeting was called to order, the usual routine waa
quickly disposed of, then a number ot
resolutions were introduced and discussed at length, the principal ones
bciug in reference to Compensation,
Unem.pioy*ment, Antl-tMiiitartam and
amcndmients to the Election Ait.
The delegates from District 18 asked- penmission to brin-g in a special
resolution re H. Elmer, formerly secretary of 'Michel Local. This being
granted, and the fiacts of the case stated, lt was unanimously carried that
"This convention instruct the executive to uee ita good offices towards
obtaining the release, of Herman Kim-
er, a fellow worker wbo is now inteni-
■ed-by-fehe'tnS»itaiT^^rtborities^t^rBF
non, B.C."
A  very' Interesting  feature  of  the
convention was tbe earnestness of the
different speakers on tbe subject of
anti-militarism and the composite sen-
frttntrirts at tho partttipanis can be readily gauged  by  the contents of the
following tt'flolution thnt was passed:
"Whereas the working clans Is universally awakening   to  the  horror
niMl uselesisneas of International war,
and
'•'Whereas tbe burdens of war, loss
of life, limb and suffering are borne
exclusively by the working clama,
and
"Whereas the working class has
It  within  Its  power to  stop  auch
conflict, and
"Whereas the workers of such
countries, by ceasing work could
make such wars Impossible, therefore
"lie It resolved tba! all -labor bodies throughout Canada and the I'nited States take np anal discuss swh
qtimttions aa autimilitarlxm, general
strike ami organization work so that
tliey will be In a position, should occasion require to take definite ac !
tion In mich n way m will make war |
impossible."
The executive board, Vle-fl-Prv-aldeiit
Graham mid Secretary A. J. Carter,
accompanying, will meet ITeiiiirt- Me-
IMde on Frid'ky when tho questions
brought up at the convention that af.
foci tlw* work-wic' Inten-atti will bo called to the attention of the Uovcrnntftit
AutUoritlcA.
I're»4dt>nt Watriimnn* .ii»d HwrHary
We'te -*« r* r*' *Uritn\ to ibHr ri't*i*i*.-
tlve offtri*. Vancouver waa s-plectd
as tli»* nt-xt me-rtltiij vine* of th«» annual • onvfiitlon.
unfort-uuate lias received injuries
which compel Mm to go to the hospital.
The argument that we haven't- tins
f-tmds can be overcome If we carry
out the same plans as were usu-d- to-
purchase two lamps for the Union
Hall, and I would suggest to Bra Bar*
riugiiam that some such \)l:iib should
bo started, nrwl- ns we know 1tiH wHl
wo cannot get all the money at flirs*.
We -must make a start if we w-ssli to
sret anywhere, and I, for one, will render bim every assistance in my .power,
and by so doing help to lessen the
sufferings of those who Jiiay be unfortunate enough to meet with any uc-
olden t.
I am heartily of Uio same opinion
as Frank that we shouldi endteavor to-
get all workmen to join our union, smmW
1 go st<il further and would like to see.
those workers who may be in same
minor official- capacity, likewise admitted to memibershlp. This, I trus-t,
wll-l be acted upon at thc nest convention, as I am a firm be He vor in
the need' for tho workers of the whole
world bee-tuning a united body an*
hope to see the day when class wae
shall cease ahd- all shall stand' as one
great brotherhood.
Yours truly,
A UNION M'A-N.
PREPARING FOR LABOR
CONGRESS TO BE HELD HERE
Trades Council to Ask City Council for
Grant of $1,000 to Entertain
Visiting Delegates
Vancouver Trades and I-a-bor Council
ait Thursday nigfat's meeting* decided
to ask tho City Council to Include in
COMMUNICATED
■LAtT CAUIBt LANDSLIOI
AND THRU MEM ARt KILLIO
Heavy Charge ihahee Ro«ks and Peer
Aeree ef UM tlMo Into the fllvef
VANCOl'VWn, Ian. «.-Thre* men
were billed and flv« injntwl Is a cart-
9,1*      9 9***9**.      9*     tttl       1*9***'.*.      fi
This ih Uie Itadt-rs of the various
:i*«ricla41oiii*i ,i thinking ntid IH un tn
tft* formation Of Cm- Brttlsb  M!n*>r»'
IVdcf.t'.ksi, >.hUt) iiwiudi* not* only all
tlie coal miners, but with few etcex*
Uou-», «U Uu- Iron a* U«d. •*!-. nei
other miners 1» (ir-rat lirltaln. Th*
a cnn-1 formation of that (.«i*r*tioE. put *n
».,„»,. I#>-M ll anr-ttnttat *****Vt*a tt* lir*'** t*t-r»»*
thai wins-
KWHtlcCf,.     ,*.   ,ll»:   »lui,   l",t»l   *,U*,
Tt',f ma-i*. «^:b<>ut It uniu U*si»t*
To e«t his trad*** In kinks:
Vo* matter whPN» a teltotr Rom,
M«'V valued ft>r iUv tltluttuli* knt»*ii
Xot for tho thltijta b«> tliliilis.'"
»»uld allow um- »p4<«<
| r#»i>ly  of  Iln*   Vr»nb
I  iM-tnim    nin*enrmit
t'l   iJlWUB-
Il.irrli iiMiip
>-     til*'.      -At-) I
tt.-
TK!r~e8tfi>atw~for 19tB a grant of
Si000 for.the puriiose of entertaining
the visiting delegates to tbe Dominion
Trades and Labor Congress, which convener here In September of tihJhi year.
it was also pointed out in thin c©wee~
tion tiiat the City of Ottetrti gri\xiteil>
the sum of |5,000 for that purpose
when the convention was held tn thnt.
city.
Twodelogsites were appointed to At-
tond Use convention of jthe B. €. Federation of Labor, which apena ast Nanaimo next -Monday.
The balance sheet for tbe p-a»t taJf-
year showed u balance of $135.12 In
favor of Wie couiioll.
President .McVety stated that * re-'
presentatlve of tlie Cotiiantors, Klecflri-
crtl Workera, Kiigloeers, and Plumbers
had been nomliiiitid to act In «ui tulvi-
sory capacity !n connection- with the -
niglu. nnd prevo«'atloiuU claasea.
Tho president further atated that
$12,01)0 per month was being expended
by the city for tlie puriwiw of fc(v-lli»«
thc imingry ineit of thc dty.
Itolief distribution was bolng currli'd
on In th<* iifiuil niiiiiner, sooio -coin-
plaints bi;iiiK rcc<'iv»«l, but those iii'
pertmimlly liml Invcs-iigated ho had
found did not amount to anything,
In the ••Itiction of officer*, which followed,   tli*!   president,   vicu-preeidi-'ut,
soeretary, secretary-treasurer, »erin»ani
at arum, she sta. istlclan wer# <»l-«H*tl
by aeelatnttlon. Wit* list for tbw ensuing term liwltig: President, J. II. Mc-,
Vit>. ■»»«*to-|'n>i-id»!ia. tl„ K*Aingbauwn:
ueneral s»«*'*rH*ary, <1   IHrtl»n :   wort*
tary trcuiMirer, Miss Helen <*hitt*«^«ht*":
stulUti-tliiii, V, A, Hoover: s«rg«nwt-<it
ariii*. I rtiiiiy; tr»mt*»*-i*, W, II. lYottcr,
V. Kimwlt-n, A. J Crawford; Aektmte*
to ron vent ion ol II. ('. l-Val»nittou «it
Latior, Pr*>4lib'iit Me\>'y snd l»«4*g;tt«-
! P.  W   Welill.
Work for Idle frlnttrs
Ih-b-sate   ivii.iiM-a   *t.it«l  that   m
\n \ tiltii- *. in. nr ft |iMiri-r. At im -
i-iit Ml-c .ifi-t in*- fa«'i t'i-*' lti< phi"
.ii. nt in    iiiu- i>-<-•«<» i* V le/nfii -At'r.*
/
■M
** ■ iioi  i r-i* 'nt
-i   I -nt 'i-'ii-ii itp
» 'it lKiftiiie.1*-?, n d<«p»*«-
T\;«»pr({ Ji-iril 1'v.itei** i<
\ntieo<it<i>r, * i» lo m<»«.
|   f«ll»,t*l- I   i,-»       -tt-t-l   it',-        19        1-1,1  f|        ' »l 'I
!th«* *T4t<-r h'i* any at;*, iim- tin  ;-li •-
•n 'irlnir (♦ »;•  S»  ••■  t!--   r..  il,  ''•■>,.
«ll.ki>  '.!,-    liiiriiil   .Im'-i   I.i..'   •'■   In'   -i'
iilnuit.y '»■•( ii  lifiMitt'-i   ■,.. -'h -.      T'-
in no: ho, bci-sui* It b.»» i-otn*
ii-
i.-i-
lllll
It
' it I'l
'Si
,: i>
ll i-i—
n*
•1,1
■,«-V0*»»*'
I
'i',ril f.M:t\t\ V'Mt,\t*i\xi, aiid is  .',*•
Hoard Stcb«io! Trti«t<«* «hA win
\"-t'A
it)* .Hit: .'Ttt,
N**t
•it'*>-
in*J hy a const ef laveettgatw* at the I «*4„ „r *t#*titmi* h******
tmmami totbmb tmm   bei»   loir- mr mta*** the atmealn. hat limmo.«-Tr****,*****   t*o*v***,ea'*  m****f   t»««»l*ln. and ntttmntb on mom rtisn o«i»
...t..* in^i^it^i^u;««.»».«,iu«u*. *u« rttoi,^, -.ite,. ommAeem th* 0*1 *n«ant*t Wr*r, fn mWes frwn Votnemrm, Pat-}•"'■*•'«» «b* F«l*r»tl«n wss nbmn to
umnttt otibvm eee*. »e» nnxlow lo j nrrro taken Into ewtody on amended «-^toy night at 19 o'rtoci.  A big blast j «•>* °« »*• »embew, yet on erery oc-
!y!^^*^^^y.*?,tt!"t'•>*«»" «•• V***™* *I*»ee» UmiUn <**x to fhe unarry and IwWy Mi****** tb* tmntt m i'r*4e i»t#r»«HNlj^^ ^ ttpportmm. Marm lh# ^j^,, msjw|tv nt ,h
ltirf*igawnias»«NiumtgMI)T John A. »Dj will corns m» at a later date,   llall the srorttmen atayedl np to wait for th* ••"* removed tin w*t««»ii)i for a strtk«.|p^ 5 iIR M(U ,s r rr( f
* «*tnf *r*=fi *,r*,.-"t- f*f,t**t*   Er^*''l,V  fl*-! t*t.,    ***'.   •**   *t1*'
t  tli*   t-.<    ...'('...-•Iiii'l   tJi tl   I .
■"tt
■1,1*1
Abevt
Ktmrsbory, rommlsalonir of tbe do- »■-»# %i<^mt*-t
• Knom oor sdrt eofamna R trill b*\
an»nWi of lb* men were-**** that th* Waldorf Hot*l not miy
•rake* tn health from tart-1 keeps np with the times tmt pttsbe-n
mn mmm tm t© bn tmempfoyable, the ] a little ahead. A general all wind cat
report say*, wlfle * few othet* admit- bas been IntraNeed liy th* -aseoM*-
tM l»%etof vaciMta by tboltw, tmt nimwit. take realising tbe present bard
(ftifp-f gwiip wa» tismporartly twiiftttadUi'uw* W-kie i**i*^e-.l tlwlv *^»kt» toi
leetaaoe wH neeJsd li waniin Ut t»(iwet* mm*,  fbn mlo wttkb boo tt*\
>■ ***,&*, t
*."!    W*
N
rock* to greailj" tbat 'four «em ^r | »«*»» tbe past to* rmn ihe vsriotw
*rtM»d on obbtb tbe ttmrnvTb «rti#rf,|«»*,«,«_«*' «*H«i.y ^nmt* »-bo bid
nunc them w tmcuul lui4i*»*W.-^%»»kw«>
offices snd machinery stood w%« p««li-
ini off tb* muddy hank* down * s<u-*fi
Inelln* mto ithe rlv*r.     Mow tlian n
mom ef men were caught la this win-
tatar* la*nd«liWI*. Me*t nt W»*<w» w*r»-
wr itntwmno trn*n n nmibiy
\    WI.VXtPRn. Wsa. ten. r*,-~~ln.*tntt-\
Uu'l*R *'"*'*■ *M"kkl '•"•i-f- *'»•""• iiimm teaii- imt a ls»a*4 by ib# diatr-^t,
ta*sf itt *as# any *««tlo« of tbe fed-(^ft^-r rnmrnnnAtiif tb*> ].">**»! twit**'
■ntmmwn vetmnnm oo tAtike:    ftminiett*^ th* *4l*t**   iH»1   tin   titir,j.*nni,M*"V
I in pepetetitT mnt Slawipr Mllli re-jand tmm ««Ms«ttr rtrew*   Whwrnl"** rallwf mm mm* tm twl wabsj,,^,, ^ „ r^ntr? now nt wm with
formerly wast-t-d «?i***lr fon<l» and i-ner-
glis flsbting Mth »t:»cr. all joint d tbe
Mg f*d*rfttlofl, wbt'.t tb* Ml tor* »ri**t
nrt'-M-ttt's enk»B* -lit Mltewie*,
-**.*.9*»V.'t||*.,
HOLO ALIENS' SAVING FUNOt
Tiit>r»:- in aii.'f»{N»*r ».».-«t*>*i;*»-isl of Ut,
; Harrlnaham''* fha« 1   '**i*h fm ciJI ,,'■
Canadian   Officials   Will   Investlfatt \ umtton to: tin ».i»n th*i tin- t<*t m-'
•efere Allewtng WHMrswels
tbo wm nt (btonttno Tftwow in th#
IfanM A*MtaM«i of Port*,  fttto, mn
itsittmc, H (Wr aoctop ctuttolo.
*:«i»Uy ittm** eiymm*. *>• vk^iU,) nMimi<m "marry, -um. tkiw **r* a«»t«r Jmml
iporto "Air* w*ll-
tafy At moit fattWIom that the Wat- is sow mm* than U f**t af water,
thtt mm tmtn, •fWe IW nenneea ot tu daaJ m«n art: J. ChUholao. T.
a coeumtnt eket bnto b*«n eat-on* tn ummn end T. Bvat*.  aH
jCaUu tint Uu u£*- IWy
.ii* '•-   : Endorie Ntw Wae* tcbsdwl*
■ fjs   \ui-.-n      ti.*- it**.**'' s'*'H»s:.'),»j,> c-iiuinHtf **<••'# **»!**
 ....,......,,..    ,     *,',}   ■'.   ,,„*,,  ii'«.liv.i   li-ltt Hit *•-.-. I'll ll*
\-4ii. mnl' iUn-tttft*' tini'tkntit**; «*«*•
,    ,*■,,.    »...»«*.        *-|.*,,*|     9.. <   *    ht     tk,f»'■»'•»<•    *J,-*>.tl.1'      V'-| 5    *•?:'***' *■*%*
m»-mb*r* «c*.vr*».!»n  tV. m*roHt, tb* relet fitf tnntr. ttu
-••-•Mf?   »:i- -V ■■• 'ill--'  nt  < ■«''*!  ',i>;);>   i.r  t", jji*r   .m-,*1
-*. ..,*. ,.* t.-ntamm.   ,*>i*mt:****\*lt*tl*, |**F 1**lt»t.
'",m- ■   .irirbhyr* ;»w.|  n*.i*r.a»,    'i,*»r
hri-iklnvt-rii* mnt imwii*' Kibwrwr*. IJW-
e*jr*»«4"#r*;  ami  J»*i:ii#»», MlHr •   -ftljinH
ictnp*«|**t»d nn xbt* min* :*rr* nt th<- -i.-t'pi'^tr**, T".. ,  j.'*f!*!.rr«' latntr-.-i*, 'Ac.. la-tb*
r.pin'on a* Mm»*lf.    1 inl(»bf «-i!' h'''-(»-r-  *,**'■%+.  minion, .'.(l^r; '-pliim!}-•->•*•
ttf1*ntttm In nn  inrhlfnt  '%>n1 ht*  ipn ' it *   +tr*iTnii,**9«   f, ,     .,f-.i«,-i   m,t  *
ttrntmiifT nn**o  -**»*  *■*** rtl-bat »i|«« \ •*'*iX.*-n, ".nt-; wirm-miml trom '»'..M«i«-r.\
If,   *'«if   -i*   »<i1(  X,f„*-\i,.r  ;*   f-l*-...*»,n.l  I*':**   ' ( •»    *    -     «V>   .*■       % ■ ,1*->f> f.       *-,-•"    I ,
11iii.;i';t.i1.   tihwi  bt-  »')•-■ ■»j.-i.»   t>b)<-i'i i)**''':\t , itmtt.-Sit;,U.-*'tiil*i-t-ordttm**iri*
to mt*b » Ions drlv* on a coM itay,!o(mr.iimi» tV^t tt* «,***,*: tammMtn til
noA m tb* Htm* b* *'** w^tH-wr nu-* i orert. Si »*r.
eta wwild r»fi*ta* to (tad th* coat toj
ran wttWrtii-r s,»y money be. wmy hut** j ner Utm,  Th* b«*t. pUr* t» bear tli* j    IfesMtw tnwl** wwii*r^ mr* <m m***
t*ep iKeam. and th* tame woald oeeorl^i d*«ot!« in n kr*i ban* *i»bwe« tb*]>i»!4in!VM «f tfc* t** ss#* ab>*t» tf** r*v*l«i«» iv«iii« *-t*t&tttt. *,*%t nt**,, in ,*<
If tn* tAimrn oum'k, obilm it ti* ssia-j RUMt#r nnx b*Ia« Utv*mU»t*t b* tb*i ».**!* drf-?* to th* fMswo^t -f*Jv lin*f «-Mi* m **-rt-<**i tn «*.i«ii%f *,■* rb* ,«
" jmtmiTf ntitbormm ot the ttimttet ' \THfi1 in nt the mlt*# «i*u «oaw jufctrj
in
I /,
PAGE TWO
THi; DISTRICT LEDGES, FEEMI^   B, C, JANUABY ,30, 1915
Hunger and Misery-What j
For and How Long :- ]
jSj^ijMasjcM
Written by Allan L. Benson in the
"Appeal to Reason."
Danger aig-nuls are flying everywhere in America. Kvery man who
carinct ffe-t work is a d-anger -signal.
Kvery hungry man is a dang-er signal.
Kvery hungry woman is a danger si,n-
nal. Kvery hungiy cliild is* a danser
signal. Tliey are daaiger signals because men will not forever stand, to bei portunity" aud set them to work "gath-
Jeprlvcd of opportunity to work; toierlng the crops." Ile 'told of his ac-
1m» deprived of home and befl and food, iMevemeu-t on tha ninth of January.
:in:!'to be compelled to see their wives J I'rcstitinibly ,the men are gathering the
nnd childre:; suffer. Men become j
■riotous whtn tliey have been thus
wronged too long. The desire to Uve
overcomes evra-yUning else. Tliey
strike out blin-illy. They do not care.
They burn, they kill, they steal, they
rob,-they plunder. They destroy governments. .History runs reid with the
story of such acts. What, men have
dene tliey will always do ln the same
circumstances. Provide .the tirnler
tin;! the miiitch will come. It is not in
hunv.m nature to die without a strwt-
itle.
•T'r.ank (iod that it is not. The
right of revolution is sacred. The
tear of revolution is the oppressor's
only-conscience. But while revolution
•Miciild not he .avoided, if it is needed,
Uie rrecesslty for revolution should nl-
n.uys hi- avoided. An apiienl to vio-
'Jeiif-aiis *«> awful that it should never
Ite made so long as it is possible to
:t-i>l>eal  :o reason.
cratic party that elected Wilson. This
is Uie first known instance in which
the conditions created by the democratic patjty liave provided wovk for any
man -not an office seeker. In comparison with the millions who can-not get
employment, 30,000 men are but a few.
They are like 30,000 drops in a bucket
as big as the sea. liut Mr. Wilson
"guiued thi-m from opportunity to op-
crc-'is yet. If th-ey bespin on the wheat
ciop, perhaps they me new at the ice
crop.
As ti matter of fact, .Mr. Wilson pro-
vidiid a few days' work for & few men.
It the men earned enough to pay the-lr
fare3 both ways and average a. dollar
a day, they did well. Whatever they
nude, ihey are not "gathering cnops"
They  are  back  in  the  cities
i.
\Vha,t are the great nven of the United • Staltes doimg to re mo re tlie just
causas of the people's-discontent?
What atx« they doing to keep food within j-iva-ch of tlie famishing a,nd work
within reach of the Idle? The question of unemployment-is i.ressing upon
tliis country as it lias seldom or never
■pr-er i-Cij/beforc. It promises to press
•itill harder. I:t Is already -pressing
so h'ir-1 ttot Uie president of .th-e United States Is considering it. It is already pressing so liard that the m'ayor
or New York anil the mayors of nil
oth'-r great cities tire considering it.
It is already pressing so hard that
.ludgo -Gary, head ol* the steel trust,
is trying to help solve it. The food
question is becoming so acute that
sreat'Jiunger already exists und ©reat-
vwT'prbfluced the greatest wheal crop
in" our' -history', yet the price of wheat
is1 gbi-ng   up   by   leaps   and   bounds,
l-'loiir ltias' gone up and' bread is going
up.    John llobn, chief of th-$ division
o'r'itiu lailcs of the ile-p-irtnient of com-
I'Vi'nt', says tln.it a  whuu famine is
tlvrthteiifd.    A wheal famine me-ans a
bread Pamilnw.   A bread famine means
an n-'mndunt crop of nilsory and death.
All these facts are woll known. What
are mir grout men dn'.ng ahout t-hem? •
I shall tell the story here.   1 shall
no    H>*.   It  down   In   mul Ice.    I   shall
ih:' jbu-tio the groat men.   1 slmll not
hold thom -responsible for crimen nga-
1ii*t tbo people.     Hut I shall  Indict
the  system' of Industry  upon  which
they stand.   I shall -Indict tlio principle-* upon which they proofed.   1 -shall
-show how these principles affect > ou.
whoc-tor you -are and wherever you are.
!  shall show that    thesft    pninclpleH
um mi drudgery to you at the best and
il-Kith to you at the worirt.     I sli.tll
•iimtiHft your mind Jw«t ho surely tis you
lime i mind.     And, after I bxx o aroiia-
eel your mind, 1 nhall *tnli ><>ii to ask
yourself whether tbt* condition* that
e\i*t nre no! the dlrent iM**ult of the
votes you hare been casting over ultice
.von Ind a vote to wist?
*     *     »
Whit lii, th* piesldent of the United
Hutte* doing to provide employment for
nhe unemployed? He knows how gntat
Ik the problem of unomploymemt. As
uien en. Mr. Wilson Is a good mini. Ile
is -ty input telle    He. w-ints to'do well.
Ill *Ul'h Ml llllUliil'li-l:*, hi.'  I*Willi uut bc
idlp. Mr, Wilson l* doing somotMng
iA*tm\ th" problem of unemployment.
vVe n««l not lie lu the dark aa to what
lie in doin*. He himself 1ms told tu.
In hi* spw*H .it liulhr.apolU on Jai k
son 1*ar. te Rave it report, of Ws nr-
ttvlfie* I can <!» m» tetter tban to
4 4 Wm np-wilt for niinwlf. Hear htm:
' liiin't you .tblnh it woald be a pretty
nood M«» tor tbe -iM-monrBltr putty to
:. iiU-ruke it nyatMuatiie method of
bi-lplng the working mm of America*
Tbere is a v«r simple way ln wWch
ti»*y fjtt ht»lp the morkhismi-n
"tf ywt tr*re afmply to establish a
vw-it fwlwal employment iwrww il
wonM do a vast deal; by the federal
.■mi'ti'-V* wTitcit tprentt orer tb-r* -roun-
fr- men ii>iiM b«» dliwt**! fo thone
j.irf- of tbe loufilry, to Uiose under-
now
idle.     What is Mr. Wils-on going'to no
wilh them—and the other millions like
them?
Why, It* wants the Uemocfatic party
to establish federal employment
bureaus throughout the nation. Federal employment bureaus! Do you
understand? Labor 'needs to be guided from opportunity ;o opportunity."
lint where are opportunities for the
millions of unemployed ito work? l>oes
Mr. Wilson know where jobs may be
found for Uiis vast multitude? Does
uiny-body else know? The country is
■st-ag-n-aint. .Mr. Wilson knows it. California i.s crying to the east to -send no
more men west. The east is crying
In ih" wei-'i -tliat it knows not what
lo i!o. A Wall Street paper printed
a map tlie o.iier day in which it showed that huylness was good only In two
rtool counties in eastern lown and
pt:or almost everywhere else. Yet, if
tlw lact of busiiiF-ss st'i-sinMon be true
jmsl who dares deny It—of whnt value would fedeR.il employment bureaus
l>:: in the solution of the problem of
unrm-ployiiieiit? Is it Mr. Wilson's
'.C,i:i to <--:«i!»li.sli bin earns everywhere
and from them *'.j:irt columns of un-
euipluH'd moving toward the wool
counties of Iowa? If not, exactly what
did Mr. Wilson mean by making the
•suggestion? Why did he think it worth
while-to ti-sk the ijuestion ns to wheth-
ate idle. Out of pnblic"tunds we will"
build factories in- which food and cloth- i
ing can be made. In these factories,
we twill set the workless. to work. At
one stroke, we will thus remove un-em-
ploym-ewt, hunger and cold."
liut that would be a "questionable
practice," because its "permanent effects" would threaten the profits of the
capitalist class. , the capitalists feel
■sorry for tiie unemployed. The hearts
of the capitalists bleed for the unemployed. Some of the capitalists, like
Judge Gary and the mayor of New
York, go solemnly about it to settle
tiie prcbUm of the unemployed. But
they dare not attempt to solve the
problem in the only way thalt it caai
be solved. They dare nol say: "lt
the capitalist class cannot provide
work tor the people, the people,
through thoir government, should go
■about lit to provide work for -themselves in the production of thc necessities
of life.
Your capitalist aU-ay-s stops short
of this—and that is why the unemployed are still with ns and, so far as the
capitalist is concerned, will' be with
usmntil the crack of doom.
*     *     *
These gon. le men know when to draw
deemed pnopeo* tor. a few mem to own
Uie raalnoads, the fevctories and the j£a-
tanai resources which all of us must
u£,e,.to live. They are -trying to perpetuate -the systejn that they found
here when they were iborn. They no
dloubt hoaeStly believe it is the best
way to carry on industry. Certainly
It is exceedingly profitable, for rich
men to believe' it is best thlat they
should own everything and tiiat alt
t;hte rest of us -should work for them.
»     *     *-
,13ut if ths. rich men aud President
Wilson honestly believe they are -fight,
we Socialists, as honestly believe they
aie wrong.
We Socialists say that the way. to.
keep'a people from starving is not to
turn a-n abundant wheat crop over to
apeculaltcrs -and* let them iship it a-
broad. If we-had our way last year's
wheat crop \yould be here now aod
bread would be cheap.
We Socialists believe that the' remedy for uiiiemDloyment. hunger and
ccld -Is to set the unemployed -to. work
making the things that prevent hunger
and cold. The capitalists say they
cannot set men to work without a profit. We say the people, through the
government, could set themselves to
work without a profit. If the nation
received all it produced, it could ask
r.-o mere, because there would be nothing more for which to ask.
These Ideas, if put into effect, might
boar t'own heavily upon the capitalists,
lu fact, we 'Socialists are -Inclined to
believe that these measures would bear
down heavily upon the capitalists. We
suspect th-at that !s why capitalists oppose them. We,, do not much blame
capitalists   for opposing  them.      We
But wo cannot -understand why the
American working" class opposes-thom,
as it does whan it votos -a political
ticket that stands for 'tihe -bapitaiHstis'
program of private ow-nenstiiLp of todus-
try. The Republica-n,, Democratic and
'ProgreBslv-e pl-atforms all stand for the
privaito ownership of industry by the
capitalist class. Th;e Soaialist platform does not. Would you rather vote
with' the capitalists aad starve by.your
self than to .vote for a party that stands
for no one else but you aad. men like
you, -everywhere and all the time?
(The above article wri-titem- iby Allan
L: Betason whilst dealin-g with oond-i-
tioris as th-ey exist in the U.S., altho'
diiff-e-ning someiwhat in detail from tthtose
of Canada, -is nevertheless equailly applicable thereto. We may go sUll
flanthe.r afield- and isftate- Urat a like
pictune cam be pain-ted as typica-1 bf
Australia or the Argentine, and -every
[other unit of the commercial world.
The writer in question hois Uie knack,
al-l'too rare, of telling Ms story .lu such
simple language ithat it is readily un-
deirstood by those wWose schooling is
of the elementary order as well as being accurate of istatement and logical
in deduction—Ed.)
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Miet_ first -ind third 'Fridays,
Mlr.ers? Hall. Fernie; second and
foi-.rth. Fridays. Club Hall, Coal
Cieek, Sick Benefit attached,—T,
Uphill. Sec. Fornle, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
at
o'clock   in   Craiian's  Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.-
R. Beard, secretary.
COLEMAN LOCAL-
No.. 2633 x\,
Meet every alternate^ Sunday at
2.30 p.m. tn the Opera .:House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec,
PASSBURG LOCAL
No., 2352
Meet every second frifi fourth
Sunday of each month .at 2 p.m.
In Slovak Hall. Slok Benefit Society attached..—Thos. G; Harries,
Sec, Passbiirg, Alta.     »
back.     Let me show you thar they do. i 03ii understand why the capitalists op.
The department of charities of Xew  pose thom. -      -v
■Scientists an.d physicians claim t.iut
the Hives of niillltKis are shortened by
many years through economic worry.
Socialism will eliminate a*ll economic
worry and thus under Socialism we
will not only live better, but longer.
It takes steel to shackle tlie wrists,
but the old party voter's brains are
bound -witli dob-webs,
York opened a' factory a few days ago
The old .party voter wants freedom
but -he'is afraid to go outside the slave-
pen to look for it.
to manufacture supplies for the municipal lodging house. Tlie factory-
gives employment to -two shifts of
1,000 men each, drafted from the ranks
of the unemployed. The factory Is
used to manufacture supplies for the
municipal lodging house and other public institutions. Tho men are at present enga^eJ in hemming sheets and
toive'.-s. Later they are to make
nightshirts, m-attres-scs and pillows.
This looks like a manufacturing enterprise established by tlie city to relieve unemployment. But here ts
the safety clause from the point of
view of the capitalist: "The men are
not to be paid ln cash for their worH.
They are to be given only credits entitling them to beds nnd meals.
Do you see the point? The capitalist government of New York Was not
going to give an actual demonstration
tliat -it could pay wages and make
soods.     It was not going to start   a
PARK LOCAL *
No. 1387
M-ret  every   Sunday."  Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sei-,,  Cannon?. Alia.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet si-cond and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos, Thompson.
Bl/RMIS LOCAL
No, 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday, of -each month at,<10-a,m.
in School House. Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passtiurer. Alta. _.'
Nigtit
Schools
For Fernie
factory tliat might show a large profit
-i,t the end of the year.lt was not go-
!ne; to prove that work at good wages
could be provided if the people,
through tlieir government, would only
elhow the private manufacturer out of
tin1 way and employ themselves.
a       «       *
Ko much for the unemployment problem, which is growing greater every
-'ay. Let us fee what is happening to
lucid, We produced, lust year, the
grcatc*: wh-ftLt crj^i lu our history—
Sfll .000,000 bushel?: Some people
thought th'.s whofit—■ or as much us we
needed of It—ahould be kept at .homo
to rat, Others thought it i-hould bei
whipped ubioad,   The reason given for
nnr~\mTid~^*n)eir,Tii^t^g6o(rra«a"
lur tlw; Democm-Mc I'atty to under-
taki» n systematic method of helping
tlwf workingmen of America"—In this
way?
\ *     *     *
Let us now move on to N'ew York.
The degree of unemployment in N'ew
Yoik I'Hy ls tremendous. Conservative I's-itlniativs place ihe uiim-licr at half
a million. The city is aroused. Tlio
mayor tt mj arouso.l tlmt he litis up-
l-Kiinted a committee to consider what
Bhould be done. Tlie chalrm-an of the
L'ommU;<-<- is JmUi- (Inry, head of the
mtei'l num. Judge tinry has pondered
deeply. Il»! m'I»h .nul acknowledge*
Iho -rrorm'ty of the -evil. Ile liPllevt-H
we should grappli' with It. Hut how
should we urnpple?
The fir-*: hint as lo what the com-
inLtee bcl'j von ctitu'CH from tbe Xew
Yoik Sun, vn t'xcpellngly renpet'tuble
journal devoted to the IntertHtK <<t
over-worki'd liondliold-em. banlwra and
imillioiialn-H.
"The couinilttce Ih cjin-fiil," eay* the
Sun. "not lo t-wialdci' new mid nullcal
uuu..--tiri'h lavnhiiig iiucMioiiablc civic
Hr.n-.tlce*   whose   pennamint   offwln j "paying off our <U'Ut to Kurope
might out weigh the tempo-jury relief."
I have quoted these wordu and, in a
little while I will tell you whtut they
mean, bin, for the iii'iw-iil, let us heuir
.litdgn tlnry -ntxy th*» a«mo tiling In «
li-i'ftr to the mayor. litre la what
tlio Juds«« Mid:
"The commUti-fi doea not regard It
uliw- to tii'Jf nev\ and hihm lal piibUc un
it is expected that In the near future
steps will be taken by the Provincial
(iovernment In the mjtater of establishing schools throttgmjS-J". Brmah Columbia, when Instruction will be given
ln th-e theory of mechanics, mining,
etc.. thus affording an excellent op-
l ortuiilty to those engaged In the practical work to supplement tho same
with 'sound theoretical knowledge. We
believe this has already been started
iu. a few districts, whilst in the ad.
-i.niii.-l nat
■jf-Uimiif.
Ins met with a success far exceeding
the expectations of Its promoters.
One Oeparfment of education In the
sister province, Unit could™ be Introduced Into tt.<*.rWWeh baa boon-taken-
ndvanbive of by the foreign element
is the study of Knsllah. In those- Industries where quick nction Is often
necessary In order to avert or lessen
the likelihood of disaster u ready un-
■'eratmidlim of wint is said Is vitally
Important, a fact thut numerous ex-
Ix-rlniceB have already been demon-
stinted by those following the hazard-
ous occupation of minini;,
i
Answers to Examination Questions
(Jiie-stlons selected from those asked
generally limited to starting breathing
which was stopped or -to strengthen
it if weak, by sprinkling cold water
on the face, chest and abdomen.
Internal stimulants should be given
hot. when possible, and consist of tea.
coffee, and wine, brandy, whiskey, or
grtit-n alcohol; the last three being
given in doses of two or three tea-
spoonfuls after dilution with wa*ter to
one-half to two-thirds strength. In
place of alcoholic -stimulants it is re-
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Moet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.ni.   lu   the   Opera  House.
Coleman.—J.   Mltclioll,  «(-c. Box
103, -Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock In ii>« Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit l-'und
attached.—Frank Wheatloy, Fin.
.■J^c. BunklH'iid. Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
-   No. 2829
Meet every first and .third Sun.,
day of ea-nti month at 10 a.m. Jn*
Union Hall. Maple I-e'af.  No-Slok.
Society.—Thou.  <3.. Harries. .^«ee...
Passburgr, Alto, ,,       .-   S, ;■
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574      -   „   .-.-,
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.S0 In Miners' Hall. IStli Ave-'
nue North.—I* Mooro. Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL.-
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2:30 p.m.
In the Socialist Hall.,—- Jap)"-*.
Burke,   Sec,   llbx   36, ,,'nellevup,"
Atta. ;:'   '..-.'
..*
CORBIN LOCAL-     "'
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday et.'i
o'clock  In   tho Cluta HaU.   .Slok.
Benefit  Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every rtrst and third Sunday at Lyric Ha.ll. 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec    -. v
GEORGETOWN LOCAL .
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday aftenioun.
2.30, at Boai'dlmc, House." Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec. -
FRANK LOCAL
No, 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
•Benefit   Society   attached.—B
Morgan. Secretary.   ...
iflgftiifTOrtfiasffifflan^^
and tlio trta-iigtilur, but these may b«
comWnod to form n third ela«n of spe«*
.ImirliiKit) shin .It abroad wim that we!"' «» rxamlnallnn for mine foreman,
owed Kurope 8200.000.ono. ll wm argu-}»«''«' •" '>rlf(>' ''l;,h- Svliinnlxr IS and
wl by rich gentlemen that it would 'ie- "'■ '""•
nwcli bKUr to pay thin bill with food'    ii'    w"*' four I»rlnolj«l things uro
tban to pay It with gold.     Of course, I bandages used for?
thin cotm-rj  mlglit haxe declared all!    A.:    Bandage are used in) to keep
di-btH   ofr   tPmnonirily   ai   Kngland,idtwMingn In |»l»<e: <b» to fix spllnta:
PniMt* nnd mnn>  other nntloiw did.'"' »» "lop MpimIIiib: id) aa xllnga to j
hut' that Hoe* not wn to luv* f)(..; i-upport n bronea limb.
niiM-d Lu uur rScli «.-ntk't.u"ii hero nt      «■"    x"n",  n"*  <11ff<in>"t   Wnd", of
lu:iiii>.     They nem uuxhmti to begin ; »»«d««en swrrally m-w! In flrat aid to
by | th* Injured work.
exporting our food.     Mr.,Wilton «•««!    A-:   Tlw t»«n«lnKt» commonly avail-
m lmiw^.1   with  ih*  ncwwlly or!"W« ,OT nriMiid work nre thi* roller
(•xportliiK our fool that he urged con-
an hi-—whI ',» atill tirglug iaiittri'*» -to, . ....
t«ikf mlll'ow ef pu'illp fnhda out ot j ™ ******»■ The rolW bandngei aw
tbe treasury and buy abl|N with wMchi1"* adll',,'d ,0 VtMkm wm o wound
to carry away Uio food more mpldly. w ,0 h0,,, *mw mM dw»•ln,,• T'7
Well, you know what baa *lnci. Imp- hrbmgutar bandage* have n much
imi-wI It. tin, prh^of »l».nt and Hour.!'"^«^ ri'»^ of "«'"»"«w'« 'h»» «•«•
Vrtiikiima to «lvn employment, bm It ll.ru '* what th.' Vew York World j ">"** batidaaesand the »l>eclal band-
urg«H most Mirne«lly that every effort!*ly* han Inppi'tud to the whrat: !'**♦'* Hh,» ,**' "'* mim ^AUhU*> u**1
be'imuh- to worlj n .loubl-^ b»»neflt by! "Blghty per cent of the g»l,OI7,i«ioi,iw t,,<l !►"«««»' ti,Be» w"#r* ,h'" nm'
wvspiitiiiK ult Von empla*I'd iniiili-p i bun-M* in which tbe erov l* eetlmaled j 'm^ k,,"',i m' nct ttuiiable,
worki at tix/n «lnw> of dlatrene." hn* been sold by the tortm-m at pric-^l    *5   ^^'^',,<, •ho Red tro** tint-
hi i-hcivt. th»* Jnda«' waiitu ta wttli- jnv. rating »H i-ent*.    The tmlnnte wlllj*•'' outfit?
llie problem or iiiiemployiwnt, no rar fhe held by them for the hlghwr ptftw     A-:   K,r*I"J»w t'Mtfti com-t'.lQ vari
in it iwrtiHiia to .\V« Vort, by win-lot thv  lt»>  winter and  »pr!ti«;   but  °«* ",B,» «"'' n,*,r W*n<* "a,"ri"-
ln« the rtty to «-r-Mt .iny btilldtn«n tint! wbat tfwy have alwndy r*lnm4 miy I 'J' " »<">      Th-> outfit gwierallv ron-
•i may h«v«- In mind or dig nny eew-wni j hi- -'li-iin^d of by tfw> tr-n!er», t*1"" |lM" r»"0WlB« mnUMrl«l»: awor-
ur pave wry *.tr«*«-t« tint it mil) noon* 'Tie t»r!i-i-< the *,K-<-ii!ator« will ut< *he,,t "M" eoUnn' •n"' »«•»«•'• cotton
Intend to tlin or imve ami dolt now In-!* Ill »»•- In advMic# of fl.td a bnaln»lM'in!' »P!,,,"!*, ro,,,"r ■taB:,*«,"i * ln«',,«,*
I'tnti of later. w-l Huy WH *«.■ a irot't of enalK ™* Vb «»1^ *M*l picric Mtd CAM'.-:
Sim. i *m u-ii >,,! «k,.t iin.i|.i»i..d;i2.-,t..o«Ht.o.MMo •:*.* lorth.-li «in»v;^^v"^*t^-. tri«M«bHim*"»»:
%-iirtU «t llw Am, nii-nn: 'work.     Kvt-ti a» thi» mm* Hand* th-P*;*^ iAm'* '"t^***™ *»***t™*> •«>»
" t*.> .,u ti,...it.* ,».W.»M ;*.c a.-*»,»'(uii' \ tnrn «•> .»*;»• LitU.fid \*u k*\x r.-Mn*-i
r ! br hln-.! by tV city to m:ini»fA-rtnr«-' |*«»s.inofV,*-4«i wer-*- th!-* >t-::t than thej
tin-  *iir('»»»ii1l!iwi
with nri»ati» mi
pri'i't *>ni i>- n- tu In* t'at.'ihllahi'd, ttti*'    lit   t'-d-   lountry   an'   uppraJtliUJati'ly   **»*f'!>
lifr-ti'c won!.! Niion i-nrii to «i'MI*» Hi" j tfl.bon.fliw farmn-n, Tlif nt ripping of *> : •Vl,m<' mm* *l'"»u'«n,« >,(*«
nw*mploym-«it froW-rm for th-rmwh<« j tlw coiintr> of wh«Mt. whlrh im>*mtoMi I *»»<•* ««'** »»»11 ***** *om im ma*u
of lift- In wwipitltHmd'dln t!>U, when th«> i-rojt waa *«JUHt*.-j ,>'« »«ln«tlimU ilk.- arom^sk apblu of
iininu-r*. bwtiow. if th*!««i« hitKlu!*" *mmon!ii arp InclndH in tbr tinm-nbl
-1 -ivfi«ii3v-wi~»^»-wi"T^-,»''"'- "-""-■^—"«r-j-**.-^^«»»-»*»*^7 ■■»»■**-*■•—•*.-**—*j««t^—-+i-»f*nM    nav—\a*-*Jtrw —v-vf
30 drops of aromatic spirits of ammonia in one-third of a glass of hot water,
Q.: (a) What is Bhoek? (b) When
does shock occur? (c) Describe .treatment of shock? - --  -
A. (a) Shock is a depletion of the
nervous system of varying degrees of
iiUen-sity, and Vi commonly Accompanied by »tupor of unconsciousness, (b)
Shock ia due to a severe Injury arising
from any cause of accident around the
mines. (cl The patient should be
placed on the back with the head low.
If able to swallow, give him Liquid
stimulants as explained ln the preceding question. if whiskey la used,
give but one large drink. Cover the
patient with blankets or coats and
keep lilm warm. Stimulate externally by upplylng hot-water bottle*,
bricks, etc., ns explaJned-bi'fore. The
legs and arm* iu»ty bc rubbed upwards toward the body to quicken circulation.
Qy. liow would you prevent n aim-
pio fracture from becoming -a compound one?
A.: A simple fracture becomo* a
compound one when the jagged edges
of the broken bone plerco the fleah and
protrude through tbe akin; hent* all
pooaible oare munt be taken to prevent
this. Tlio patient ahould be uinced
In a comfortable position, and broken
bone being supported on each aide ,'f
tho break while ae I* being move I.
The bone ahould then be a*t by tfra-w-
lng it Into Its natural position and held
In vine* by splint* and iMnd'Wt It
ia wtll not to re-move the clothing If
tho nature of the Injury can be df-to-r*-
mined without ao doing: If the clothing must be removed, cm It at the
warns ao that It may tie folded atlde
over -the broken bone. If there Is
•hock, trtfHt It aa explained.
Q.: How would you know whether
bleeding muw from an artery, a vein,
or t'lipllluo ?
A.: When an artery i* aeveivd, th«
blood t« elicited la fit* and S« bright
wl In color; blood from a aerered
vein In dark blue nntl 1mmi«s nn a
ate id v flow; In i*«|*Hllary bleeding, the
blood ia a brick ml a n.i oo-t-r* (rom
the wound,
t|,t How would yoif trmt tt burn
iltw lo flectileity? •
A.:   Iiornt dw* to electrielty aw
Imperial Bank of Canada
"HtAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up. .$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ... .$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President    ELIA£ ROGERS, Esq-, VIce-Pr^aT
♦BRANCHE8 IN BRITI8H COLUMBIA   _.     ..'_.,.'
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Cljaio, Cranbrook; Fernie, G-^ldjn, Jnyec^j^^
Natal, Nelson, Roveiatoke, Vancouver, Victoria.    * -    -'   \
8AVING8 DEPARTMENT
Interest aliovned on deposits at crreot rate from data ol dapotit
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN M«Ila««
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
an**,   twM-tpr-*:   nitllltf**.   toiii-nlnuet;
ete.: n*»d % imttt -*1 ln«trw*t!otm. liar*-
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGB YOUR
Willi, Title Deeds, Mortgagee, Insurance Polidet
t
or other valuables in one of these boxes
• * '; ••••
  fOa fURTKIE mrORUATION AWITW
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fertile Branoh
S5S1
PDTVTTD AT      Tjf/-\#r%|2T
V^HlN 1 Xv/lL-r   C1KJ 1 JCrL*
Large Airy Rooms and flood Board
Wm. ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
1
',' ♦ t'li) <>rii'V,Mi* '■iv*ii1ti'-mt'Tit
Tba* Inbttt «4 ibi* <'o«i»tr> u***il* u>
'i* ■s.mfaet t*mi wjmiiiwtarnWy to «ppor*
innlty
W,
*-.;!*.     w«- *«j(tf**t»Hj in tn chMB-M
in *tbi- ml-.
t« »l*r,-iv* a
'■i.\ •'*,     'ii*-" - ■ "      v, •*,, - ,  ,'.,'-,,■ ui * i,* tl-- i ,./, - • i r -i
f tin '-i- Ki-Mtlrwi'ii. I:' lltt'i' li *% tb an ttr,.   Yil. n-4d  vh-it
i
.M    .it,*     t^t^tlii.
t'iii*.   0,i    i,
*t.9f    ■*.   4.MM#-^*I.    -4.«H-'lll!
•*jiw»*tli»Ti.iitil*f» elate i»rar-' l-,n»»ki-"*ni W!l«on m'-d on imbtnn tHv
W* iirnvcNl it tli* othrr day, !'i«*-" for a r * to do snjthins liar ii- at Indtvisrwll* in rannprtlwi wiih h<*
ttfr*' told tb*t   Hi two tttnlen  '«it a'   -wwt   that   |*H?«ti»  -rti'tHnll-**; i»lin tu buy  ;i  fMwal  fl-*•'  of sriln
"**•*'»'*-(       ■***&*•■¥
itri'ifu. Tbat ia ah* the af^at jwIri!* -Tbr m-trthtnin m* U-'t* tnrmrt.ot
tm-etim that thn d*1»artiw««l oi later j-^t Sen Xoti* irrppjiMd ari'h th* iinp.n.sh '•* turn* r> wnat h«# »b!wi to rvn
*»<w»H luw primfti! Hifomaikw about'") w.n  j»ro!il«ff rniiy la dl«"w««r that j Ui#*fr jrocd*,, wl Jo*t st the pmH>nt
*fi** >. ft-ieh form tout; H ftwld bo
»r».i. t tn ib* pttnt ottttmn; and that tb*
,Vi r m^nf of Hbrtr alwwM    o*t    In
rfblnn «hfn;d !*'d«rr *%e*pt to tab*' »WHr*irt th*!* I* on -fttw-r *ey of fat*
*fc'!!f' n-r-*h.! i •   ah*) can mniMfdi- < >tm  th«m  U"in  thrauib lb*  !n»tni-
'nt-f* tim,r for l.ftt nt vfilnh iwiny nn   «w#alffv t-^at 1* *nnn**t*^ In lit* tthif*-
mark mitt tbe labor d*fSM-MNMta «*i*mBWj. or c*otttln« for t%ek ot m bl<-li > nlnf WH."
.:».->,*      %>   !•*■(*   r,.ylt'*t**>   wiM   f.t  nut' *i**tni*  iff f/*i,i   i.-/t *f* Ibftn tt* vrerit'     t*   wtmbl In- t">.*   in -»<ii  fl»t»   I»r»»*'-
u- m ima-:    Him a** lii-n itmnltf     |i.r««1iiiA! um- iiaW'r 1iiilMl'.i,if> l'> honH-Otm WHhoh n-jMilu* Hi Indtaua^iolla wu_
■Tbtm* ■m.mn mm* wmt* tatmH and,i»»lllirt»in, iJa-fluHM lH»y ttmtmA of on Smtum'
****** tmt t« t1*a pints** trhtm tbofi *     *     " = Itay.   It  wotM be onny ta «.iy Out p
mt,   .■.I'S.uM* .n.tiUnm**\ \    \.4«in* mmiA tm- mm* Uwiml f»»r   tnd** t'i*r>  Aft.l  tb-?   umm et Som
f.*i-* h* <-,»•■*
ii^-»*.i
■t • t»t(win»n»iin er* aowtb"! tn' two
t***nt ■nixyn: •'ttp-rnally and Int-amal'
■y. TV* attamal uttmnlan-U tm h-wt
, miii rold; !tw inu>raal, tiqattt* ot vari*
Urn* klnda.
tl,,-,.   is   »*,,.(.   -, *wttf<*4   th-f-'ntS   IS*
meUttm ut hot a:tt#r nmtafrM In sn|#Mr|| it§pmA wn lJw i^,,,,, pm.
ir»omy hft «»-r- »»wt1'* or, tf wr* Mow, of ih« pantr la ajirmd on a -Moih
L not to b* had. In *l«» bOHlei orj^,^ „ mm w m ^^ mi (g
tor*. Wb<«B mm* ot tbm* tr* ta h*n 1, j ^ te ^^ by , ^bj,!^   %* w««ar-
\bm brffka or *tmet, wras»l*d In on*;^^ „, ^ „ B0| ^mtUb\*, mm-
bt mow- tnyn* of Hot* or w*r ao at ||B# ^^ mn m mrtolatad, tfilt*
;»nt io birn t>* pnttfttt, may be *t^\,X ^^ ^ w J#N> ^f m OOt4,   U
ita otb*r tenet, btntne** aoakrl «wf tj^ -^m u iW- nm, n tn**- btrc to
hM urtfor nre a?ipttort.*
'*   Tbt mm ot roll as a rflmatan;
■mi Ji'KJoasfi,, yetftom -ntiiikini' t**
plral'.on, \\f f.ir '.irr,»thlt»« njiparalttn.
tf n*«»aaar>, and give stlmnlanta na
aoon na tha patient oan awgllor.
Q.; ni'scrihe briefly tit* -fylvfstot
nnd Sc!w«»fi»r method* of arllflnl.il wa-
iilrallon.
y%..-\ nl    (Mi
li.icV  •-•■'lli
and mom do not umet* His utomnb,
Kneel mtttite ol tho pattoatt Hdttia,
tnttnn Kit mt,    ttalw tte eloUdas
mi that tte baric (a bar* Ptne* tte
oaUisriBd binds on tte bock, «ub
Uiumba nmtrly (Mtmllol to llw. flmwrn,
•o ttet thn llttl* flnm tarts orar ite
<.»***. v, uw *********,*m, imsni itm mom
iui.1,t,'lil   ,i.i-iJ \u7ii, jj.'^.v   M**4iii» *)**iti
"1  )>•   f'"*   t\,   ii.iiiir.    if  iV'   tn-iil 'Mi-.it   *    ,                .....   „.„, #„,„,   „^
l-n-r-nt   iVpfodlnj!  uj»on  the di'jrtb  of!rolled  mji I'oat  under hte •hou)<!«r.«,! Jh* iiatl-tat^y brisilBg yoot ■^^^-
tte injury      PintHild  trtttfnMmt  i*iTb* tntyni* ** ttrtwn torwnrlnnt beltllnbontien IbroorA cri*idNainf~MMtl m
te-Brrally llroltod to aurlndlni tte alr|«l#-ir of th- month with » bandai*.lite -and of thiw* mmmto ttm rotttml
with a thin *paat» mado of b-kattewatajrn'ibfr b?nd nr Hnmp.     W«m  nb-j prMstvr^ n-fioit 'tte low-tr Tite Bf Uji-
f
rna from th* month. Knefliss >a»t
Btev-a tb»- |KUt-rnt'a h*ad. oateh botli hl#
r.rm» Iwk * tte -rite* and draw thom
not ward and np-rtrd molly and -at#wit(-
l> aa far its ttey will go sbov-a tte
hj^id. aad bold ttem ao for *bont law
weoo&t*. lirtng tte ntm* daw* till
»bi» «>lteaK  HTHl«  »«s!l»#t llw  i*b«t.
voBipiwaB ite part»; tbM «MHt|y t*.
}*•** ymr arwHtlit. Pmnwm BM r*
l««e ef pressor* ateBM omotf ttbmt
ttt* awoBda.
Bitter method of tirilw—I steald
te ronttnaH fm two hmm nr mor*.
Aa .soon as tte ' pMteH,. SbhIbb to
Itrml'-'f tb* limb* mny bt- iwtf nnftf)-*,f
■niiwaird toward tbr hmr.. Attm m-..
RMlar tec-alblng Is tnttamt te may te
.nxtwt, xm mny, -»r for any ***r »n»?T*<i»r* ott* tonm. or rmmH,*     %omn ot'
>**^.t ,*t--wf fiftrv mi t.t* XVtitttt-f mrtbnn tttt*- •*'*> b*** m.-»B* *te *** * tk«** r*-'*** »* lrii-0    Tk*** matt were,
iiHtti, Um*. to Ite J«Mi*H^{hi.ft.r) mh4 tttU*.   U'e h,**** nn-*b> mtmlbum faito a *<wrM la *hUb   ll   *«*!
Shilohffl
\   ttf.-v*
wty*   r«**l  ft   Xtt>*
1 *   a.* *a* ■um*
tmi nm* *<
jte tr*tiXf& lll-f- m eym irownd; lnj»«4 bbtm ttem «i few atetit 1*0 t*v.
f*'»oii»#t rants tte tmtwwnt for ahorhjonda.    tloomt ttumt motion abovt 1$
mimn be-mmnnmry, |tte«»BmlBBti<«Btil tte patknt tetrta* itf n frrj and stlmnliinl tjr tii ajipii
I   Q.   How wonbi yot* txoot a p*«rao«i*to brattte. mtttm ot tet watar tettisB, tmt tats***-
Utwrwma with aostei* m**e* L fa tte Sste-aite wMted tbt pstMnt ••liy by bm tttotm m mm sa to *
f   A     Oaf tte omntm tai« traab nlr, ito obnm* torn tomm wtth hia te«i ramtutmioaimellow—'ftmiyillferr'rn
?jlooi«!6 tte ttothla* ateot tte etestjturMNl to oou alda so Hat bUmou-Ui gbmrn.
*K*f*K(^   Wlf THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, PERNIE,   B. C, JANUARY 30, 1915
PAGE THEEE
Robt  Foster of District 28,
U. M. W. of A. Writes
Constable R. B. Nunn,
of r Vernon,, B.C., says,—
"For over two years 1
suffered acutely with
ULwIIbKv
With.all th-*e itdrade of abuse of ce-r-
taSn i-nsldiAniduads that' 'has been published by ,the enbsi-dized -press of -Shis Pro-
y-dn-ce to the •past two years trying to
justify the laiwfc of the Provincial Gov-
renment relative to, coal mining Anidus-
t-rie-s dn tibfis- -province, I quote herewith
the law aBJt now stands relative tp inspection of mines by gas committees:
'The persons employed.in a mine
nitty firom time to time appoint one
or two of their number to inspect
-the iq*iiie at uheir own cost, and th6
persan-s -so apiWintt-ed -shall be allowed, -once or'oftener, in every shift,
day, week or month, a-ccc-m-pataied,
if the owner, agent ar manager of
tbe mine thinks fli*t, 'by himself or oue
or mora officers of the mine, to go
to every part of llie mine and to in-
oa my lei
kinds of m-
I tried all
clnes, ointments,
liniments, etc., but notwlth-
standing, the wounds seemed
only to get worse. Finally
became so bad that I was on
the point of going.into a hospital, when a friend persuade
ed me to try Zam-Buk. I
did so, and the first few sppli-
catlons made the ulcers less
V-dnful. From first commencing to use Zam-Buk the ulcers
improved and twelve boxes of
Zam-Buk effected a complete
cure."
For ecMma, pliei, cnti, burnt,
br^I*ff> ?b»PPedh»nd», cold cracks,
aud all ik n dltcat-M or iniudca, and
(Or -vhaumattom, aclatlca. etc..
nothing can equal Zam-Buk. All
drogMst* and More*, or from Zaa-
Bnk C--&. Toronto, for price i tte. per
box. Rafute aubatltntca.
BriMsh Columbia are refusing xo act
-o-n these <xwnniititees, siting as tih-eir
reasons -thlat it i's absolutely impossible for tbem to do their duty as the
law directs and niaintiain theiir employ,
meant witb th© companies.
Causes Indirect Discrimination.
• Is there a sane man Jn- this Province who understands the case of .Mr.
Mottls-haw, relative to gas committee
work in connection with the late Vancouver Island strike, but whlat will
agree- that Mott'is-haw was discharged
because of h-is activities iu performing
his work as gas committee man, and
only by the stupidity of the petty understrappers who were ruunlng the min
es at Cumberland m-ade it possible to
show to the general public ithe .Indirect
methods of discrimination thaif is prac-
i»pect t(he-slia-fltis, levels, planets, worlc.j tiseJl by the coal operators      If the
CURED ME
NATIONAL ANTHEM
"God Save the King" Is'assigned to
John Bnn (1663-1628), and to Henry
Carey (-16M-1743), but -Is believeid to
be of even, -sandier origin. • .T-hls tune is
likewise employed lu tbe American
paitufofcic mame, "My Country Hte of
Thee." The oiir was also adopted by
the Danes (17»0); by,-the Prussians ,«ts
<4Haildllr*|m.8le^rJu»n«'' (1796). TUa
explains ttfae Watson for the confusion
tliat eUntn ia Abe -minds of many that.
the BriMsh NatJonaJ Anthem  la of
Pnwslaa .origin, wihereas It is  the
reveroe.
ing iiflaces, return -airways, ventilat
ing apparatus, old workings wnd ma-
olrinery, and -shall be -afforded by the
ow-nqr, uigent and manager, and all
persons in the mine, every Cacllity
for the purpose of suchinspectitaii;
-and -shall make a true report of the
result of such .Inspection; and such
repoiit ahull be recorded in a book
to be kept at the mine tor the puriiose, -and shall be signed by the persons who made -the same. And Jf
t
llie report -state tbe existence or ap-
pre-haiMled existence of any danger,
the person or persons making the inspection shall forthwith cause a true
' copy of ithe report to .be send ito the
inspector of mines for the district:
Provided always that where the
<mlnei» In any mine fail to appoint
two of -their number to Inspect the
mine, (the Chief Inspector or Mines
shall select from -the men, ln alphabetical order, where possible, two
competent miners, who shall comply
with the pnovisioiift of this 'section
and the said owner, agent, or m-nna-
ger, may wltMiold from the wages of
-tbe underground! employees a sufficient sum pro rat-a to remunerate
* tlie persons making such examination."
A casual glance at this clause would
lead the Inexperienced person to believe that tbe miners had every facility for making an inspection of the
minds on behalf of their own safety.
But anyone who knows ihe -indirect
mefchiodis and the unscrupulous manner
ln w-ftlch the operators of -tMs province deal with ben who aot on these
committees, and wbo perfonm their
duty em the  law dirt-efts, know full
wall  ihnut   f-twmA  l« aft-anliita-ly _nn__n-wiw
te-ction wiha-tever for them.     Suffice
it to say that the miners of Eastern
.Min'lsster of -Mines (Sir Rlcliard McBride) and his colleagues, who are act-
lug ns inspector of mines and the members of Parliament nre desirous of protecting tbe lives of the men in tho
infilling -industries, why do these men
advise and vote *agiv'lm»t the amend-
ni-Mit which has been offered to -the
Provincial House for the last two years
by the local member, Mr. Place Of the
Xana-lniD constii uency, w-hihch specifies
t-liat said clause relative to ga® committees be changed from two of their
number to read thiat a competent person -or person, thereby eliminating this
in-il.lnect method of discrimination, And
it would be a humanitarian move for
the benefit, of-mankind if the general
public would demand an investigation
into till* appointment of mine inspectors and -lii doing so ask these ques-
tic-ma: Why is It that the Provi-ncia!
Government of Shis Province bB-s'-ireve-r
appointed a miner, from the face to the
position of mine inspector, but on- the
contrary it bas -aJways been a pit boss
or superintendent of some of tlie companies appointed to this position?
There are scores of men working in
•the mines of this Province who are
competent men and have passed the
necessary examinations as pre-soribexl
by the law to fill said position. We
would like to know If the Minister of
Mines can truthfully comtrewlict these
facts or show wherein tbe above statement is not correct.
Ab on- organization that is -working
for the uplift of humanity and trjing
to (Unsure .the -safety of the -lives- ot the
men who follow the mining 'industry
for their livelihood, we claim- tihat
mine inspectors should be elected by
tibe^niners-^kHtbe^oeayty-'^-hetiain'th^r
perform said work of Inspection, .surely thtt 1s no crime?    Men whose -lives
gro at stake should bare the privilege
of saying who s-ha.ll make the Inspection of -the mines to insure their safety. An-afcher question that should be
asked the Minister of ilinefe and the
.Mine Inspectors of Vancouver Island
District is: Do you expect reasonable iaind Ifntelligenst people to believe
that diurln-g -the last two years with
all Une itif-raf of the civilized and uncivilized wotr&l operating the mines on
Vancouver Island- that there were no
viotkuiou-s of the mining' laws, when
inside of two months after the settlement of the tsbrike, -there has been no
less than iten cases of violations of tiie
mining law before the courts. I am
heartily in accord .with the weak of the
inspectors in punishing anyone for viola ting .the mining law, but 1 hae ma
doo'ts whether tliey were actually trying to enforce the mining laiws during
our -strike. I know all other laws
were enforced and where they !iad
none they made some suitable for tlie
occasion. Tiie general public will be
■veil'ail vised to watch the vote on tiiU
question in Victoria this year and plice
the membans of'their constituencies on
roi-ord regarding same.
ROBERT FOriTIIR.
If John D., jr., will set a job for a
day or bwoiin one of bis Colorado mines
lie «m find out what is tlie cause of
"iab-or'-s unrest" and save that $100,-
000.000. '     .
mfen't, aind a similar course will be adopted <at other -schools in the coal
£icld, for tlie purpose of affording similar facilities for those for whjom the
central institution is not readily available.
The iirtention is ttot tbe students
shall receive by n.eans of the laboratory equipment, technical and practical training and experience in the matte/ s with which they will subsequently have to deal as colliery officers, and
an inipciuant part of the scheme is
tlv.tt, an-ingemeiKS have been made
rt'ic-rc-by tf.ie students are afforded op-
portun-Iti'es of viisitii-ng, uiider the con-
posed of two representatives from each
co-nsitituen't oompamy. Sir Clifton! J.
Cory, iBart., and member of Parliament,
is the first chairman of the -board,
which comprises most of the pirlincipal
colliery proprietors Tn ""South Wales.
The legal consUtuiion of the School
of Mines is under a deed of trust.
In addition to the usual lecture and
drawing rooms there aro gas testing,
geological, physical, cheimcal, heat,
and menhiamlcal laboratories, also elec-
t|i*ioal and mechanical workshops
equipped with modern machinery for
practical itests. These include lathes,
dnilKing machines, smithy, steam teist-
trol of the staff, the different collier- in£ P^nR. »n experimental winding eu-
There are a million broken homes
in Europe in wih-ich the head of the
house has been shot down in the name
of clvi-Hzation. And still they tell you
Socialism will break up the home.
/ There's -many a taker 'twixt product
and maker.
A SCHOOL OF MINES
ies of the associated coai owners and
handling under working conditions, the
niu-cluinory and plant with which they
vv.ill -Mibsequen-tly have lo deal. As
the work of the school -is directly as-
sooliated with a large number of collieries in the immediate neighborhood,
exceptional facilities are afforded 'o
atudtcts tor studying the most mod-
i'i-ii methods of colliery practice at.
i-.i.si li-and. The students have tho
privilege of seeing tests made under
actual working conditions, and, generally speaking, the work at the' school
is looked upon as an integral part of
aobual colliery management, This
gives tlie students au unrivaled opportunity of getting a good .technical edu-
<Miliou while keeping In touch witli actual working conditions. Moreover,
llie sclnol is open to all students on
equal ternns subjeot to paissing the entrance exaniimiitlon or an equivalent
test.
The expense of the scheme -Is bonne
by the coal owners by means of a tonnage li'vy of one-ten-t-h of a penny on
tbelr declared output for the previous
year. The institution ait -its start is
supported' by associated companies
having a total output of approximately 20,000,000 tons. The Univensity
College of South Wales and -Monmouth-
ali-ire is ait Cardiff, closely adjacent,
In view of the Interest which  has
been taken in the education of the men
wbo will later bave lo occupy responsible positions in tbeycoal fields of the [and in-order to prevent any overlapp
w-opld, It will be-interesting to refer j dais  in lin&truction,  a joint  working
to -an institution which has -been recently founded and which iis supported
and maintained solely at the .expense
of -the colliery proprietors of the
South Wales and Monmouthshire coal
fipld. Por many years the ooal owners ware desirous of Improving the
technological and practical Instruction
ln tho science of coal mining in all its
branches, for the "purposes of their
business. As a result, a number nf
conl owners In the district formed a
mining board for the coal field mentioned for-tbe purpose of establishing
schools of mines in South Wales and
Monmouthshire. The new school of
mi-re's, at .Treforest, is the first instalment .of Lhetir scheme, and .will, no
TtouWrTtefnr^rreiT-cenHHrntilHlTOoin"
This-sfthool-of mines has been provided
with modern laboratories and equip-
scheme has been arranged. .-The th^ee
yeans* diploma course In -mining hither
lo -carried out bt the University College, Cardiff, is discontinued, and in
stead a joint diploma is given by both
instituitioiius, the University College, at
Cardiff, giving that part of the joint
instruction comprising pure solence,
while the School of Mines attends to
that part dealing with the technical
application of the science to coal raining. A fourth year, or post diploma,
oounse is also put into operation by the
college for those promising students
who wish to specialize scientifically bi
any one or more subjects. . The joint
nutlwlMe-s also award certificates 'jo
mine surveyors who require recognl-
TilBnTnraeT"tfieTJroBircdai Mines Acts.
Tlie mining board ls the governing
od-y of tbe Sohbol of Mines and is com-
giine. a gas producer, gas engine, water
turbine and generator, electric motors,
a loO-icM tt-sting machine and otheir appliances. The principal and diredtor
of niilnl-ng is Prof, lieorge Knox, Fellow of the Geographical Society, to
whom we are indebted for the information herein contained, It would be
tedious to detail the courses which are
given. (ienerally speaking, however,
in addition ro a full time day mining
course, there are special cou-rees for
inline mechanics, electricians, chemists
and surveyors, while tliere is also a
course for colliery surface foremen,
and speciai courses for colliery nionu-
ge-rs. aivpveyoni etc. Among the subjects tieated are chemistry, particularly that of fuels, colliery practice, colliery engineering, design of machinery,
electrical ph>slcs, and clectiwechn-ics,
engineering, mining, min-lng mathematics, geology, mechanics and heat en-
gllnes, methods of working, mineralogy
and mining chemistry, phjsics, mining
valuatilon and mining law.
In addition to the work at tlie college itself, part of the instruction consists in vis-Ms to tlie collieries duping
the session, while students bavin's a
fullitlme mlit/tig course liave to obtain
at least four months practical experience im tlie mine during each summer.
Facilities ar» provided tor tliis by the
mining'board at one of the subscribing
collieries in cases where students' are
not in a position to provide such experience for -themselves. The part-
time courses are arranged for students
employed in or -about collieries, wbo
cannot afford to pive up their work
entirely during a protracted course of
OWES KER LIFE TO
"FRUIT-A-TIVES"
Cured Both Stomach Trouble
and Headaches
Palmerston, Ont., Jonb 20th. 1913.
"I really believe tbat I owe my life
to "Fruit-a-livesy. Ever since childhood, I have been under tbe care of
physicians and bave been paying
doctor's bills. I was so sick and worn
out that people on the street often
asked me if I thought I could get
along without help. The same old
Stomach Trouble and distressing
Headaches nearly drove me wild.
Sometime ago, I got a box of "Fruit-
a-tives'' and the first box did me good.
My husband was delighted and advised a continuation of their use.
Today, I am feeling fine, and a
physician meeting me on the street,
noticed my improved appearance and
asked tbe reason. I replied, "I am
taking Pruil-a-tives". He said, "Well,
if Prutt-a-tives are making you look so
well, go ahead and take them. They
are doing more for you tban I can".
Mrs. U.S. WIW.IAMS.
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold by all
dealeis av 50c. a box. 6 for $2.50, trial
size 25c. or sent postpaid 011 receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tive? limited. Ottawa.
the Scliool or Minos Is in the.ceutro
of one of the world's most im-portaii*
ooal inviting areas, and -with the e-sU-b-
lislun-e-nt of further -x-hools of this na~
twre. It will be seen that probably one
of tho completest and most progrew-
sivo attejropt? a-t the technical education of colliery workers- that lint* ever
been attempted will have lieen -successfully accomplished.- The Colliery Engineer.
One thing the bossr-s want ie an
objection to Socialism that doesn't
apply witb grimier force to Ciu-Mal-
ism.
Wonder if .mere ever -ams .1 lieu
that spent the time between bites
wondering why tbe dog he was living
on bad become restless?
Why is the .man who trie* to stir up
man who tries to end the otaas struggle  by   pco-ceful   means   is  cabled   a
study. At the end of the session. a woody war called a patriot while a
visits of inspection are arranged- to
ot-her British or ■Continental coal fields
under the guidance of members of the! traitor?
staff, tlie students funnSshdng a detailed report of the mines and other
works visited as part of their class
work.
It is nof often that it -is possible to
record such a -thorough land systematic attempt Xo- equip colliery men with
the highe-eft posaible means of tedrol-
cal education appertaining to their Industry' with the minimum of expense
and inconvenience,     The situation of
Many a man who is a bowling success at telling why lie objects to Socialism would be in auaw-ful file 4f he
were asked to tell why he doesn't object to Capitalism.
War, poverty and im-wmnlnynwn-t. .'u-ft
three international crimes that Socialism will do away with. Are yo-u for
or against these?
#
^
The
Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
aeeymmmetm
*m
It reaches Earner and Spender, it appeals to them because it
supports their cause* The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey 9 U. &
We have looked thmurh ymr jmWr wltf* r*n«M#r»W# r*r+ «mf l«t#r#«f      W# •**£*>♦ *tf*» ♦*»« opportunity iz ;*
press oiu e-yyicuailiim ht Lite temtc «n*i«tt<tefe«i se tm.   Wn wnuld tdwwdd that ii i» one of the cleanest weeklies that we
have run acroas in tome time
mm
•ngmgggggggggj
tm
m
m "E FOUR
THS DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIK,   B. C, JANUARY 30, 1915
Published every Thursday evening: at it& office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities!
'orrible examples for the dilitantti social reformers
to use as themes for discourses on "Thrift vs. Improvidence," ete.
In this part of the world where the cost of living
is high" to offer a man twenty cents au hour is adding insult to injury and leads the non-partisan critic
to reach tlie conclusion that they who offer so meagre a pittance are mo-re desirous about getting the
work done cheaply than they are to relieve distress.
When the financial circumstances afford an a-p-
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and; parent justification for the enforcement of an ex-
. ,   x     ..       traordinary rigid economy, instead of reducing the
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.     ..     » .. -,  ,,     .       ■,      ,, , .
*"*"•" iOU *"* I rate ot wages it were better to reduce, the working
Address all communications to the District Ledger. | hours.    To this suggestion some superficial obser-
| vers might ask' what is the difforence between a
Telephone No. 48 Post Office Eox No. 380 j man working for 30 hours a week for $6, or only
 i working 20 hours when the amount received is identical, ln either case the recipient has not been
paid enough to -keep up a decent standard of living, but by decreasing the hours worked payable on
the HOc. basis he may obtain occasional employment
elsewhere to enable him to eke out a'slightly improved existence. Furthermore, he has not "been
party to the establishment of a precedent nt a
ridiculously absurd figure.
For an able-bodied man to use liis strength to
abuse wantonly a weakling is considered liy tiie
public generally as despicable; it is equally censurable for a community, under the cloak of benevo-
.'slnblisheil  rules of so-ieiv ; lulli'v' to takc «<lvjl,lt^e «>f °»« wh° is financially
| crippled in order to get work done al starvation
REDUCE HOURS; RETAIN WAGE BOAI"
Tlie extremely tender solicitude for the unemployed by some sympathizers I !) is truly touching. By
•'Touching" we wish to convey the meaning thai
Uh-y do not tiike a firm hold of the question und l.> j!,miS(' Wlim),'j.v	
,. * .      .        ... . „ , ..    -,    .   i„.lot-    niibhe generally as despicable; it is equally cen-sur-
digging down to the root cause end it.   hucli drastic;' * ' ' *
.•lotion might spell a tumble   from their lofty seats.j
.ind  by  so doing  tin
would be -shattered.
... • ■ , i     ,    i     I prices.
PheMe alleviators "view with alarm the deplor-j . ,,..,. ,    ,.
,,     . ,      ,.    ,.,. ■    ., ,   , .,      , „iil      !     Ihis is. however, the law of capitalism; the rang
able slate oi  a nail's,     but the alarm would lie a- - ', ...... ,   ?
and claw practice oi our boasted civilization, and at-
icality and not a mere mouth phrase were the producing class to llirow off the goggles of ignorance
that 'nlind them and determine lhat hereafter those
who do llie work of the world should enjoy the
frttiis of their labors.
We an- willing lo acknowledge (here are many-
well-meaning people who feel genuine regret at the
widespread destitution. This i.s quite easy to n>i-
dt'iwtand, for the simple reason that no normal person likes to see others suffering, because to all. save
Ihose temporarily insane,, the .sight has a depressing effect upon the spectator, hence, if from an
egoistic vicwjMiinl alone, misery could bc eliminated
by sympathy, it would soon be a non-existent quantity.
Owing to the exceptionally hard times prevalent
there, are innumerable advocates of the reduce-the-
wage plan, who advance arguments by no means
void of plausibility. For instance, if a certain sum
al thirty cents an hour will provide labor for a
given number of men. then at twenty cents an hour
I here will be employment for half as many more
workers, Mathematically considered this solves
lhe problem with surprising ease. This process
of computation might be carried on the descending
.vale down to one cent an hour, when thc recipient.
fords an object lesson to those who suffer from its
application, urging them not only to study how to
escape from the thraldom but to use their every effort to spread the information broadcast so that ,by
co-operative effort exploitation may receive its
quietus and instead of living to get a job every
worker will be afforded au opportunity to develop
the best that is in him or her and not simply be satisfied with a dull. drab, animal existence.
From time to time we have wordy articles written
by those Who tell ils that there are millions of acres
lying dormant "lawaiti-ng the plough and offering
the means of a^Asplendid livelihood! (Average $610
a year for a family!) and-yet we fin'd that this,
the reward in a country that is undoubtedly in "advance of Canada, insofar as scientific knowledge is
concerned. Again we have those counsellors of
the rainbow, ch'nsing brand who -persistently cry
"Back to the Land!"
Whaf the worker on the farm, as we'll as in the
factory, needs to ex-tric-ate himself from the quagmire of poverty is to use his brains for the study of
how the 5 out of the 9 is filched from him; then,
and then only the sympathy (!) of Wall Street journals and others of like stripe will be no longer forthcoming, and instead of a dull, monotonous grind
from the cradle to the grave, he will be no longer
so philanthropically incline'd to "dividing up" the
produce of his labor with those who look upon him
as a "rube" or a "dub."
commerce..' This is a precedent that Stands the
working'class in hand-to take due note of—for future guidance; Here is what power earries oat.
.Should the useful elements of society ever fully
realize tlieir Javit! j-ower,- and realizing it decide
to act, then instead of «> few cornering wheat whilst
millions are lacking bread, the needs of humanity
will completely over-shadow the grab for the dollar; then all the rag-tag and bobtail of -that soul
numbing jade, "Charity" will be relegated to the
Museum of Antiquities, aud then will begin a REAL
struggle for -a REAL life, and not a brain-racking
scramble for a mere subsistence.
es of linffiMimatiom. of a-printed «t»ry of
grand, juryi iaveatlgatloiia -of ouatoms
fraudls dn New York,' were set etUde, today .by -the supreme court, which ddd
niojt -pass" upon .Whetto'cr the meat would
be icomip^ttlod to state the sources of
their -infonmsiitiion.
I. O. D. E.
CONFISCATION!
According to dispatch from Merlin, in order to
obtain food supplies the grain grown by private individuals is to be confiscated. The object, of
course, is to enable the warlords to continue the
slaughter fest. lest they lose the fight for their
The quantity of tea sent into Germany from Holland during—  '
September and October, 1918, 1,028,356 lis.
September and October, 1914, 16,328.464 lbs.
Cocoa—October, 1913, 1,038,400 lbs.; October,
1914, 7,5S1,200 lbs.
Strange is it not, that conditional contraband of
war is seized on thc high seas and British -exporters
of tea and cocoa conveniently ignore the final destination of the above commodities when they are
consigning them to Holland!
Pay! Pay!   Paying Patriotism!
The exportation of tea has now been prohibited
despite tho efforts of one of the London M.P.'s to
prevent the Government from taking action.
•The -card party by the uibove -society
for the Bolglan Relief Pa-rud was an
unqualified success; redounding greatly to the credit of the ladles irtio had
charge of the afSair, A dance arranged- for by the gentlemen, wi-tih Carrie's
Orchestra supplying the mrasic, was
greatly en-joyed. .The amount realized was $230, less ?15.00 expenses incurred, netting the appreciable sum of
$215.00.
The I. O. D. K. made a-rod sent to
Toronto at their own expense 256 roller .band-ages, These will' be sent
to the troitf on the hospital ship whlqli
taives Halifax, February Htji.
The Provincial Red Cross Society
send out a request that, owing to the
scarcity of wool, women -wlHl • knit
socks as much as .possible. Other articles are pretty well euptfUed, but
there is a very great need for socks.
The following donations have been
received:
,Mrs. Suddaby—Vjbolt of cotton for
A
Time of Travail For
England
A PEW MORE WORDS ABOUT THE PARMER
TtiariircTaliiwnioi^
oat daily, had lhe stupidity to die just when lie was
setting used to it. '
In a previous issue we referred to the deplorable
situation the Prairie agriculturist finds himself in.
Ile is so badly off that he is beseeching the Government to eome to his rescue to avert catastrophic
effect.
Allusion was made to the statement of ''The Financial Post" that the Department of Agriculture
was "toying with the question." Assuming that
what was meant by this was the failure on the part
of that branch of the Canadian Government to
promulgate sufficiently the scientific knowledge
whereby two blades of grass would grow where oue
formerly flourished for the purpose of ascertaining
l..~...    .I...   4.*ll,,.^.    r.r    tiltr.    ...-.il     l*.    t\,.t   X**** -W..1    *G-l*«lt *.*■'     «,.<-.!;>-.    .
llt^-,1 1-1,IT~1,I,\7, 7,—UI—VlIlT   i,\,ll-lll~. »■-*■-—^*-,,.*t,*^...—r ,,-n,-b>T—«>r-*L**.-*'L*--
EARSDON, Kng.—Amidst the -pain
and anguish which surrounds the national life of the 'European nations as
I write, the year 1914 passes away into
history which will ever be rememibetied
for the sor iio w and heartaches it haa
left behind. When we think of over
five million men being killed, wounded
and missing .during the five months off
this war we cannot help but -stop and
think how long are tlie democracies of
these European nations going to allow
these horrible conditions to go on;
brothers -slaying and maiming each
other, just in order to please despotic
ambition. For after all, Mr. Editor
and fellow readers; it is the democracies of these nations tlmt must really
put down thlls cruel militarist spirit
under .which they have bound themselves, before any confidential terms
of peace can be established; -whioh will
make for that Ideal brotherhood so
nuich talked about Ves; fa-neweW,
1914; It bas left for future history pages of Ohought which will cause the
readers of it to wonder why it was
aSfraisr
so mi5cir^inigiueniment-ttiiat
there waa so much cruelty and carnage
Well, as long as there are diplomatic
powers ruling nations who care not
for the real- welfare of their people
but sdmpty allow' them to be used as
progressing, we decided to investigate, and find
the   farmers   iu   the   republic   to   the   south   of
They who urgu* upon Hie advantages urcniiiiK] UB   "»«'   llJ,a   muil»   ******   "P^rtmiitMUj   for
by the establishment ofthe descending seale pay-; *l inlying m\\ husbandry and kindred subjects than   	
tn.-iit plan may feel righteously indignant at Hum"1'0 .vot *»l»tsiiiiablu ou this side of lhe imaginary fc<ltJ<,r f0I'. cannoIis> ,„Kl neither eare
4-riticism of their suggestion and berate the critics} boundary line, hence it is reasonable to suppose if j ror tlie home life of Uielr people wfhlcli
as rvnieal fault finders.'    To such we would reply !»'•'•« "ere U»« determining factor fwhieh it  isn't) Ithey have- torn asunder never to ae*
tlm: twenty .-eiils is totally ini.d.,,uatc m nppr.m.-h j ■■*«* «»'«'»• »»'l*™» «'"«lili«»nK should be far superior!««* ^\^ J^ *
;i NtimilaM of living thai any hitman being iu this, <•' tli"*' of their rnnadrau confreres.     Logically as, .^ of noW(l ^ marph
so that 1915 may be a bright and prosperous new year to all of you.
Xow, I have just to .band infornia*
tion regarding ithe employment of Bel-
glum refugees, of which, as I write,
there-are about 125.000 in tliis oountry.
Xow, 1 don't purpose detailing in this
■any outside our own calling. There ls
a movement on foot to use these people for exploiting purposes, and in certain districts there lias been requests
made to introduce Belgian miners Into
the British mines,'but che British Miners" Federation has protested against
any person not acquainted wilth the
BtigHah language being em poly ed in
■the mines without first being able to
understand all the orders und regulations of the mines. -Mr. Redmayne,
chief inspector of mines, says there is
very great danger of employing these
people in British coal mines without
there first understanding the language
and ail rules governing the mines.
There are vacancies for C.OOO surface
workers in the British mines of whioh
there is no real objection to theni be-
Tng'eBpli^'Wr^llyinej'TnuBrhot'nav?
a.l "guards?" Could iT6t~the"state strike
down agreements not to join a certain
polkieal  party?   Why, not  lahOr  unions, whatever members of this court -,
may think of these unions?"   ' !
Questions Employers' Rights.       |
"Wherein Is-the right of the employ-j
er  to  insert  this  stipulation  in   thej
agrei-iiiic-iit any more siicred," iu-quiral;
Justice l>:iy in his dissenting opinion,'
-ilO  yawls cotton  for
"than his right to agree with another
employer in the samo trade>-to l;eep
up prices? "
"He -may think it quite as essential
to his 'financial Independence' and so
be considered. But It -Is 'too late to
deny t-hat the legislative power reaches
such a case, lt would, be difficult to
select any subject more intimately related, to good order and the security
of the community than that under consideration—wliether one takes tlie view
tha-t laibor organizations are advanta-
K-etouis or the reverse. It ls as -much
within tlie legislative power as restraint of tinde.
"The law should be ns zealous to
prelect the constitutional liberty of
the employe as it is to guard that or
tho employer," continued Justice Day,
touching another pohit. "Tihe principal object of ijhls statute Ib to proteot
the liberty of the citizen to make such
lawful affiliation as he may desire
with organizations ot -his choice. It
should not lie necessary to the pro-
tectlon of the liberty of one citizen
western country should enjoy a*
There are at times individuals who cuine foruni'i
anything to do -.villi any employment
even where the life of the miners are
under their control. I will have more
to say on this in future.
Mr.  Bditor, Mr. Managers aiid all
ethers who may have to do with the
tr.uisformatlon of the Journal into such
a rratU magazine, accept my sin-cere
It ia heart-rending !<'<«!igratulailons for your taste, and may
tnd see the,; •" f^r-'u'c.inlns congress adopt some
, „   ..„„ marching away to,p«ti for its worthy increase In. sub-
! this may appear on the surface, statistics do not i'^'-jenjiwrk for Uie front, and osttiolir mill-j bribers, for I am sure It is the very
roborate it. j tury band 'plays them away these «al
iant souls leave full of glee.     Yen,
hundreds liave left our district tlw-t nrt*
naw lying In French it nil Belgium grov-
of the nveinge farmer is less than that of n labor-j>8_    llu. W],a. ;i 9},,»nifi an,i disgrace
willi fine spun theories and supplement Ihem whin    The I'nited States Department of Agriculture is
statistics showing how life can be sustained on .sponsor for lhe »t*iitemeut that "the yearly income
some insignificant sum per diem, regardless of the
information  also  furnished  by  others  who  Imve j ing man."    According to the same authority there j that Mich tliliiw* should lie, and my
given figures in detail proving lhal not Icks than'ure six million <fi.000,000) farmers in the eoiilUry.i>«nn« rea-ters, beware officii a spirit
.right  hundred dollars per annum is required  in nf whom ...ore than half have incomes »Hww llinuj^^
,n<der to maintain a modest standard of living. OnH six hundred nnd forty (}ti4(M)0) dollars it year.      j 4Wty b"llt w t0 lt thiat ywr «9I.rt<.eg
of the latest  advocates of the reduction of die!    Doftling with the subject editorially \\w organ of I are required for hlglier purpones than
minimum wage is Mark 11. Irish. M.IMV. whim, asl high fiimuee, "Tho Wall Street Journal." says:    Ito -tt?y and maim each ©Uw in thej
a member of u delegation appointed to look iulo!    "It is distressing to think tlmt half of tl.e IMKHI.. j trmdim of »«r.    True, you Have «
.   _. ,       „  , ,   i,,,„, .. ,    »   • ,, .   .       ,        . i. war to face In your Industrial ano so-
llm unemployment iu Toronto, lie enlled up.ui UhmOOM InnuorM who feed l!»<*country must iweive such<       lH>nwmrni;    Yo„ eonneft VKmpa
IVmie Mitmtcr nnd Cabinet.     This worthy would' n pitiful return for toil that know* no union hours. I}(" )f )01, roJjow om yow own ^vic
iloiihllM-w consider il an impertinence if any of liisj It is even worm-, because 1\un incnim* represent* the Hon*.    You meet the *ame d-*»iioU«-
«<MU*4tiliieiitK KhiMild Miggest Unit he and hi* purlin- * work not of one mini, but of the whole family.   The
inriilary <i»llnigue* nIioiiIiI ngilate for « ileeiii^e smnll Mum iimi»ii»* |h»viiI,v of t. kind tl|«t keeps
in tlw s.-»iiiiniil indemnity pniportionale in effe-t  ihildren out of whool to work iu the fields.   Tlnw
to |}.« one tlie worker* he called upon to Mtbmit to. i poverty iuul bail fwrmluir per|M»tnate4ln»tiiM'lve>i."
Mr. Irish, a* a set-off to hi* propnsititin. puts for-     This trusty champion »f the "Interwtn" doe* not
ward the suggestion that a eomnnioiion he appoint- <|iie*Unn the rolinhiiity of tl.e slatomeut* nuide by
uplrlt In yonr widnt fund 1wltisH»t conflicts and Just nwd to point out Nana!-
mo, Colorado and Arkanms In your
own orunnlwitlon to i»rovo my wonls,
but we mtiit trost and hopo tlftt thn
ynunifpr nw*n and *o»i»«n nt todfiy w-Hl
.** to lh#»!« things with moro oarnevt
ed to proteeiowni^l labor and tlmt. wheu better «l,e V, H. Department of Agrieultur,. Imt mu.^. I^^^J^^SSuf
times come haik. th«' old rate of pay nhmitd be re- n is il by pointing out lhat lhe *«4<l per aim nn J,hc4lgh,% ^^ liaVf, MUrferrl and sacrt-,
smiled.     This benevolent iittitmle is worthy of the is not per enpilii. mil per fnmil.v.        The Im*) ,M''.i- <f(r<N| much of cur yoonger day* in pav-jl^nm^viiMiH wmi \S
miniilive. iln* Ui* isithwiy by «iaW»8i tt l»U*r 1'orto Itico. are Inva
best miner's*'-paper I have seen, and I
hiive tlienr from far and near.
A brls-h-t and prosperous new year
to all.
HBXRV KVAX8.
MAY REQUIRE EMPLOYES TO
RENOUNCE ALL LAEOR UNIONS
8upr«me Court Ruling Says Kansas
Can Not Stop Coercion
WAS111N-UTON. Jan. 55.—employ or*
may require cmiHoyos to renounee un-
',tm nffillntltms t\i n wwdHlon of em-
ployummt, the i«j-.reme cmirt of the
t'nil*d States held to&iy. Justice
Iluttlies ami Holme* pramnted a «U»-
■enUnit opinion. In which Justice Day
johied. The decision was mfu!« In a
milt over the no-rnlM Kansas eotr-
clon statute, which tt hoM« unconstltu-
tkNwl, and aeoonMng to Juatlee Vfny,
taw* on Hke lln-Mt In CatWoreta, Colorado, Connecticut. Indiana. Manachu-
iw-tta, Mlnneaotn, NV-* tlantpuhlrv, Xew
Jtrw). Sew York, Okkhoma. Ortvon,
i-afonatn, and in
ttldated witb the
il rs.  Klauer-
bandages.
-.Mrs.  13.  Wrlgiht—1 cholern belt.
.Mrs. F. White—3 pair wrtoUets.
-.Mra W, R, Wilson—1 pair aoolca.
Mrs. Cooke—1 pair socks.
Miss Coope—2 pair wriotlets.
-Mrs. .1. .1. 'Martin—.1 pair .wlatlets.
Mrs.  and  Miss  White,  Hosmer—t
.aps.
Mrs.  Dobs-on—1   pair -wrtetJlets.
Cecilia Sdhelailca—1 ipalr wristlets.
■Mrs. Barnes—>l belt, 1 cmp.
Miss ^IcKay—1  belt
The wedding of .Mr.-.toihn Albert Mc-
Konkey to Miss I ladle Armlnto Rupert
took place at Wallaice, Idabo, Jen. 17.
Tihe couple are well knowa Ini this
eky, they bot3i having resided bere for
a year -amd- a ha-lf, the groom, having
been ln business hero until about a
year aud a half ago, when he left here
to r» -into business at Walt-a-ce, where
he Ht-l-M win reside.
READ IT
ttot tlie sarnie rlgbit ln another oltlasen
siioukl be abridged or destroyed."
Base Decision on Adair Case
Justice Pitney, in announcing the
majority's opinion, mtfde -It clenr that
he did not consider "actual coercion"
as beyond the power of the states to
prohibit. He declared the decision was S
not only based on reason, but was «m>- >
rortf-1 by the decision of the court aev-1
.>ral years ago ta the Adair ease, In
which tlie federal aot of 1898 prohibit-
ins an interstate railroad from dis-
cli :s*r? an «m-|iloye because he lie-
loiipfJ to a union was -annulled ag un-
coiisUtut'onal.
.lu»tl<H<« Hushed and Day lield there
j was an element of coercion In the
nvrtlfhmen's fnne which dlatlnguitdied
the two cases, while .luntlce Holmes
waa In favor of overruling Ute Adair
decision.
Reverse News Contempt Cases.
Contempt ot court sentenoes, lmpos>
rd on Wllllnm L. Ctirtln and Oeorgp
Bardlek, of the Now York Tribune,
1 because they refused to divulge aourc-
At whr Mb
COMMENCING FRIDAY
FEB. 12th 1915    *
War on Wood
■***S**S*>***l***>99^**^**^*S*^m+j*9lmm
Good dry wood for
sale $3.50 for 2 ricks,
delivered anywhere in
FERNIE,
B,G.
PHONE 18
hi-tfh.xii  i-iwiiiiiiMiilnliiiii.      Tin* flv  in tlu> uiiitiiii-iit ' ;mi|ili "f tin* »Im»vi« i* *\v*'ti\ex\\y Hl»m
,* in nn vr***!*,*** ,„**,„„  ■**       .      i     ***    * m t . ii . m d0B,( br<WIK tiothftti nnd thro*     t n«kr the Kantian waitM* it met an*
fh* MWinjr <>r thi* Iffmhiliim \m* HinnRiil 11n* .<ni|»l«iv.  *t,*\xon, 'ymr t>i*rMmb' prMt*n*»   to   thp liwfal for ani• iwUrMMl or corpora-
«»i  nf lali.it  ihm-w Iln* * rutin «iul **f tli»* ti*l»»w«i,M'      Kir-»t w« iin- told thai afltt a ycar'a Itanl w -it k , „ ||tlh| !«l«.n io tver<«. or lnnu«n«T «n> perwon
wlieii tw/,ijiu alHMit liiin to <liw»*iii an ini|»rt»v »*nt  i.v tlm (»nt'nv family tin- total niiinni'ttil'uMi av.-i-     i wen i,itnm*'.\, Mr. IWtor, with your lo ui-ter Into an unieement «<rt lo join
aiiffie'Hnrtly  wrtirwiMr t«  iwliiw bim  l«  l-iv  ••  a-iiiilllUi for tltiiw 'win. fwltlie wnintry."' Afl.'rjmnart^
'■i«- -•-'«»»- ■"  ,h.w,-.l™;.,,... ,,Jir r.„ n, r*.r..t.... r-mi.,-. ..nviii, •irs.-i^r*\a^HS;l^Si■^Kl.,' "^n
nl ^\|H-rirti<**- "hi furini'r i-rim** \m\* afforvleil .*\.'.l , mo!. >U r..r w*im*l»««ly *,**> a tt ifi\ nml iwymir llw «•*• ,ren ,,tad ,„ ,Hfttrtlrt 5# aB<j «,„ mr«t! The case- «*!ay aw* »ro» tbe eon-
!»*iit «lij<**t l«HtMM»«»*»ftHi*iH*i'»ir»«'y of tlu* Mai«nii*'tiU'<» »««"* »f -**miu»fi*»-dy v\m*'* tlatiirht»*r t« tt*t!«» Khmjiv m«fr«>rtt ttaeiKlafvl rtih^r than I would U^ttoti of T. It. foiH«M(e. a dt«ta(oit
i,m,|,., j.iwrty mlill rt-niaiii* a* llu- famit-r'a )M*rlii*ii. »lu« the (w»il h*»d.     Sow*" yr»t*\mwrtr<.*,'M3*fii, of tk# Ttimm ralttray
If it wer«« tmt m, trnuglil with trafttly. tlw oft- Tor lhe m\x* of illii-lmlinn. fltftiff mit lint tlif
ffuiiii.,! vvwil* of thf niayom of hIi« »»mhh tht- t-nlin* *i».ia«*».M*» «So «*t mi m*>mw **t bt*t» m
,.iH«i.!.r» n.»«ki»« iu ttotiM Im roinirail.     To hr.ir y*J»r. nt.tl m> fun,- «ct,««|iM»»ii-»ai      \..h. hv .*;\l
'atriv wbtxx I enltm* bt* with » tor-1 ajr*<ei«. for lhrfW»iiln« A, H. H*d«t.
tirvfl 1,-i-rni.f   <tb,v« I ^TO«t»*"4 i» ?«♦»'* *»-»lt#*li:?Brt.fi   irl»h »*!.#f»»«-»*»l tf bt* A1A
ani rlwf'efc. wt* etart-H i*ar tWo*mt1*', not   obbtknw tram thi* *«fl*«h«M*«*«i
ill* logtilwr at Hnyenrt min**. Mm jWitoa «l Xoftli Xmetltw
tii.   ftlttiiitivt* ntittH *if the ht*»ili uf iiiiini<*i|i«H*ii*« liitvt* 'V* fiimn** of the H.-iwrlm.-nt ,.i Aur'tfiillw*' ^r   t'otintv.   ivmnryhaaia.   and   et
mw '.A.itlil   simtuittv 1 !iitt. t!i''*<- utttHiitft**. «ri''-  not
f-MM-n l-iil. lm! itti-t jfi'iMVei*! flil«'i« "Ti'l^y"' in '•riii-li
•eM Have ttmllar Rtt*>te
uh tli,. vi'i'm- uf tht* jtnwhtH. ¥'<4,«»,_N'lrt*'M>'-l*n.     Tn\'**'i-inr*n tbr i,1wr%-*n*r mrn**. wynne am*1    Thf tmber.ttota- tat tb* op-taton el tlw
1..   ,i,l.„   iiniifii.-mt frt.i.t flit' mtniiiiil  t-t^ivft] hv   » border In tb* mlnlen mmm ai I mntntHy oMh* emit » .. In tM* imm-
n":i»t i*»e.     Itoii  my p-trt-wr and tinmttt:
KNOCKED-OUT
H* yon are after goodH at iwk-bottotri
%ure8 look at oui* window and you
will receive a Miir)niMiiig ahoek an onr
jiriees liave nnytliinjar ever hefcire offered
the public knocked-ont to a (ii)i«h.
m.      *an     W dk. VhV^ A. V%
WBv       Wkntm   W       WmlWmwKt9mWtLWm WHmWtmtmmm -mmmmW
TS QUALITY ST0I1OUAIAKTBEI QUALITY, f HOBS
AMD OOODS
mmm*.
.*Xt*t,\t *n*t.
.. 9        *       ..,,*,-,,       ,*. .   * #.f,,,^«    /. ,.    ■»    I,,,.,,.   9,*,,,.,  I., .,#»,-*.,  *,,,,,. ,,   ,*,■■,'
,,1»^  ,,t *m*** **»«•  -Tw-tt^ltf' !**>#f»n» **e*t tamatttmtmmit tti***    t-n'
Tt»nt'* iVihin"* mttl »h# «t«tl»» inin»»»*^ «tf tht«ir f\i«. flu* funiifi* ami +•** havt* •Vi.lWfii.lllltl.fM.t of a «liff«*r'
t..»t... «it tn -tifl*..* tHMvt-a^lvtHt n-tMin v«ri«Mi«t m*r-<■*»**.    In n»«ml fi«iir»« f«r tlie |i«-«lHrtH»« «»f !• Ili-r
jMiHitit.ri- ' famif*r *r»»f't«*ri-«« I. tttw! »* thi** i|i«n»r*it»iit'y l»«»t«tf»i» -*,* %. , *,,,$ w.f,(i*, -mtt very nttao % imrt'dt*? -nwmliendilp to an? man w!»« -mill
TW m*.m.-»! mv,**-*«,.'•»* nit'Utl »mt it* th***t* nhnhmv* tht* «t mount iw*»iv#«il ami tlm aiioni nl iiwwln^il \-n\on***, find mnny nttrnf dlsadlraatefwt. I ««* atrw ifci* dartna tmA awwberohlp (
w«tiih^4 frwii nia.*.. t.i tilat,. in ri«.-*t .if tlm ^lu-i-n hhir* mrfuvftMr in .4h«-r imlimlrir*. th.* ***]** •• Wt ib* tmminltm *m* wa»tm -It ow mm* <* r»tat« wm*».|
nnnmnti mnn iiijit I'm     iiif|«^i    .in t^ ^^^ ^ fm<^ J|W ymmm ^^j,»« >n rwnimii t Ith nminlflii iimi,
,*jv#> •.*,!. y-* .*( «W ««.»*«•»*« .•**»r***»l^r.      TW tfiiard-   |»I»«*»l«*i» nt iln- Itnl-iwr.   jwivi-rty i% it* (Uati* n* sin - >,    , , ,(     ,, #is ,„ ,,ttt ,, .iW ,t/i   V,M ,n#t ,ltt n „^*nri m^n «,„ ■*<*,» m. *
mtu* ttf ff t#\ j«tyi*r<* inoiwy .!«» rm! eon* wliat lit*-. t.|mii l»on»r. } t,^ f««i,{i<.|i*,i to d«e.t ta i!mm» ritVlr J atwloiwl ritkt to tottbm orottettd *m* \
*-,mt-tf* ft th*- iiriforlimal.-* *** hutv 4* limy ram «et      Who gH* ihr othrr .*» th* tmmtrr pnmln**^ *
imI .*f iWm ami *mtm*tmu*% havt* aftilally \mM thi-,    The foll«witia fXtnsH lhr»*w« n hrifht Iif hi on
totv* *it tht- imjwvii-Jitou* .»«*• itt another e\ly Inillm anlij^l:
ntalrr that th»> hnnl#*n tdwtl fall «m •..wmlm-ily elm**        :" Wa*4liiBfttrti. Jan. 9.-TV wiajtiril.? rmrlbn
^ttoultl'-r,* with 1ht* ritnfii tinat tin- ri---t*ivm|t «'mi -'-i',    <'*i *V»»- wlri«*»ili • *n-j» of tll».« T'oiu-.l Ruu* nt l^tl
i* no l*mt*r M«1 W t*ie ftiwiw^. inNHwtftit It*
offi*i-5a1* of Ihi- tinn-mi nf Mttt^ti** n-.f 1l»» P*»
ipvnnmenl *%f Avr^nltnnk>*    Th*" *»««»««* i»t*»-
ftta wfitt^t tw *vpM*.nt fo ortrti* If textftm nt
(Train will to in a law tn-faawir to 1h« npnett
la tor* **
thi- inti *t I*'-I irtfbntt* nf \ntntr pt*tr*r hum tm-itt-nV
as Mttdil humwk ntuml i)if mi-miily *•' ".i ut 1%-ts »«i. ■
Tfcia f«p-!«*^' '<** in rnfw- tn<m !%*■ Allanti'C t* tlw'.
^•••■jn*' am! tltf.v who »v* th** victint*. w.-artft! tn-ittif
ihe- firtiliti of finding ttt»rli. 4«fv#V»j» th^ I«iwn*litl»*l
at mm ot tbrnnrfct  »»»l h**mn* hwlwa   fnnittdiinsrl
' mme4 i*tm<t*k ■»»*■*. ' a»o«iaw»« mnhm . ttt*   tmttetytt   mttl
llm, in»tlM»r«, it to ****t t> aoitu ntre* not to MHi»lo>  nny noa-tniioa
: to better lh* roottmUee nt our f*tto» •* tnom •«. llw*- om&oytr bn* tb* nai-tii-
*mm, ftrotttUng   tbty   tmbmm t!iei»]«*«tleiMl rt«*« to twd»t tteat t^e wa-
•ivl rht^lati u>«4r «ortii   Hat tt ta wwjr fptaftdhaM ntMw fnm arrdtattm «Hh
iwiafal to U-ttiM- irbe «sf!*r tor list *-** nt»w» *»i«m« t'i* l*tie *t tw^VA} ■ i
ton** tt tlriM*- %*m tommitett -nawH-'MHC* I
■tl*»i« nr<" t**t;*<h in n rntf-mn not tn- •   TO* rtrntimiM*® ot  Wm*  anwHwif*-**. i
dtft-«r»«i -spirit*   «Ka ttw m jwnr Jwtk** la enmemtri, ia tit -ar»!«. la
ints-aw- *m-l >wi|' tb* m* $mr %ttsmg t*j|tli» vntmcntyft ff %h*%* eQlbibm:
,fim nrt* n n*» W0$ nt** n tt*m fWm»>    "Ve*M no *mitm*-r mtt b*** t.mlm4-
let t-om -bexm* md «sr ytm aU tmt*l*inm (torn JwsvKt-t! i,t--*-m-■•-•-* ''**■
I ftfWBtti aad tlgwr/tt miry tbtm nmr** rmatoyt *bmt* mm torn itm mumm-
I
Uliit
8£RE IS A SQUARE OUI
wtih a iMN«f ti tm m ttm
«oia|ia»f, font tmb tn off oa yowr
**t-in%t* et vtsk iO* neat* tt tin-
tuna nn* two mmw yam re av*
-ror*.   Tht boat H
riMI INIUH^MCt
If ill*.** rllMPMr Md otfOOb
»b ao «hM H ttmmt mm
Wtb*r. IbmX t*.nj atwdttfett
m***nl or atd-M titt nm t»
«i*9*,rii*p \*rm ttmrtt. IWH i^itiw tbttti
to m -mm aad tat* tt wtaaiad
JmomH   mBmbo    mM^tBtmS) A M^O Mmt m/m,
tott Asiirr ron rttMtt
■        wmutttm, wl c
■*-n%?KH^# THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, JANUARY 30, 1915
f AGE TMS
of THe  District Camps
♦
Bonr—^Thursday, Jan. 2\st, tb Mr.
and' Mrs. C. Hill, a son.
lire. Walter Xelson died sudd-enly
,Monday .morning. Deceased . gave
birth to -a -son ten days previous, and
arose on Monday morning fe-eling in
good health and seemed to enjoy
hrea-U-fa-st. Soon after she bad a bad
turn and in less than half an hour
-.passed away. Dr. Ross was caflled
and certified death aa due to a clot
Wood -passed over the heart, causing
heart -failure. Our deepest -sympathy
is extended to the bereaved husband
and his family for the loss tliey have
sustained.
John Truswell died suddenly on
Tuesday .in the Coleman Hotel. Deceased, w,lio belonged, to Taber, suffered from -a chronic disease. He
spent a short time in Coleman a few
-months ago-ami seemed to, think that
he derived some benefit- from l*. Dr.
llos-s certified dentil us due to tuberculosis. The remains are being shipped to Taber for burial.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ -'.'♦
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES        ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦.♦♦♦ ♦♦♦•<►■* •*•»«-
rl*he mines worked every day last
week.
Tho working' turn of men' In the
mines changed on Tuesday.
D. P. Markland was elected secretary to the Local Relief Conrailitte-e at
n meeting of subscribers held on
Thursday evening last week. J. T.
Dixon <n-nd ,T. Wilson were added to the
coimnlttee.
At a meeting of ratepayers held In
l-.hu s-chooUiouoe on Friday evening, R.
Hiiltsborougti was elected as a trustee
-of the school in place of R.. Johnstone
(resigned), tie was also elected secretary to.the board.
.Marry France caune home from hospital during the week-end. .Pleased to
report him d-dlng os well as can be expected.
Kd. -Maihoney entertained a -few
friends/m Sunday evenimg at his residence -In Ooyote Street.
Ntfw-B of tihe death of Tom Mason in
t-he Fernie Hospital was received' In
ramp on Tuesday evening. The sym-
imihy of the whole camp go out to the
liereaved ones.
Don't forget the "Moose" Social on
l-Vbroiaiy 1st, com-mencin-g at 7.30 p.m.
Ile on ttm* -to toe the line.
A moat enjoyable smoker was held
In the Olttb Hall op Satiuwlay evening
under the auspices of the Football Committee. fThe opportunity was taken
to -present the Mutz Cup med-a-ls to
those entitled to same. Supt. Caufield,
lu a noat littfle speech, mode the pre
yentat-km, and apoke in eulogistic terms
of the achievements of the Coal Creek
club. He also m-tide touching reference
to the absence of two who should have
been present to receive their medals
-viz., Jock McLctchle, deceased, and
Peter Sawyer, who Is away at the
front. The various artistes received
'oitd applause for ihe vocal abilities
displayed. iMutzim* and crackers constituted tbe menu.
Don't' forget the grand concert and
dance in the Club Hall on Wednesday j au<j company will deliver same at cost
.evening, Fe>b. 10th, in aid of Wm. Ben-'of haulage.
♦ TABER NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦
At the regular meeting of Local 102
on Sunday a lively discussion took
place on the aotion of the tow-n council in reducing -the rate or wages for
men w-lio were furnished with work to
help them over the hard times. . A
resolution was passed condemning
their action on the matter. At a meeting of the relief committee on- iMond-ay
in discussing tlie disposal of funds
to be granted by the government, Lhe
Mayor a-nd some other members of tlie
comirolttee were in favor of the reduced rate, but a .majority voted in favor
of the old rate of thirty cents per
hour.
Sam Sanderson has beea appointed
secretary of thc relief romm-lltee '-and
will have the issuing of all re-lief orders.
The management of vthe various
mines have agreed to allow their min-
«;rs to load a ton of coal per month
Mrs. Karl Theorodovitoh iwas taken
home -from hospital Friday, of last
week.
"Big Karl" is progressing as favorably" as oan be expected.
•Monday, Jan. 25tih, being Burns'
Xi-chit there were several celebrations
in varioois parts of the city.
General Sam Hughes arrived in the
oity on Tuesday night and Lethibr-itl-ge
did herself proud in honoring Canada's
greatest soldier.
nett and famtUy. A grand array of
talent wdll appear. Con-cert commences at 8 p.-m. sharp.    Tickets BOc.
ltornr-Saturday, Jan. 23rd,- to Mr.
-and Mra. J. -Fawiey, French Camp, a
d-auah-ter. \Mother nnrt- fhlld-dotogl
well; Jimmy rill smiles. ,
♦ BELLEVUE  NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Frank hockey aggregation were visitors to the Bellevue rink and succeeded iu defeating the home team.
Thanks to .the maimer in which .Mr.
Christie is spending his spare time
(and he has lots of it these days) the
,.\letlw>d'lst Church is presenting an
-artistic appearance.
iMesrs. iltarnett and Barlass will represent tl.e local Odd Fellows at their
•coming con ven tion in Edmonton early
in February.
The regular annual meeting of the
Bellevue ratepayers was held this afternoon -in the .Workers' Hall. The
report's of the various servants show
a very healthy state of affairs, with
the exception of finance. The report
of the inspector on work of the teachers should be gratifying to the ratepayers and especially to the school
trustees, whose efforts have been
crowned with such success. To use
the inspector'6 own words, he "could
not close Ms report without commending the twork of the janitor. The
school, under the latfer's charge, being
the cleanest iu the district. In vie*
of such success, Mr. Wm. J, Coie was
elected for another three year term by
acclamatilon as trustee.
The first regular meeting of the
school board will take place ou Thursday, February 4th, at 8 o'clock.
*A series of whist tournaments will j
be played in Mr. Cole's poolroom, for!
which a large n-u-mber have already en- -
tered. j
The local Odd Fellows purpose hold-1
WAR NEWS
THE   EASTERN   OHIO   SITUATION
Mr. Stlnling, Inspector of Mines,
was in town on Friday in connection
willh the application that had been
made to the government for assistance
for tiie miners In,this district.
Has
TWRFock "Miiie-lias  been  closed
down the last couple of weeks owing
norn~<Monday. Jan. 25th. to -Mr. and ] to a \wk 0f funds.   It fs reported that
Mrs. Wm. Carrol, Coyote St, a son.
All doing fine.    Uncle Johnny smiling.
Information of Interest to Those Who
Sympathize With Labor's
Progressive Movement
Here is another illustration of in-
temationa-l labor solidarity that does
not 'iiqupear in the Stilly papers, and
which shows that if labor were given
a fa-ir chance the horrors of war and
war kself would soon disappear. Tlie
organ of the seamen of Ilolan.d contains au article from the pen of the
President of die. Belgian seamen in
which lie describes a prison camp that
has been established hy theillritislL sen
men near Xoptliernhuiu, England, to
which all captured Cerman seamen are
sent. An estate, called lia-at Cote
House, wa,s purchased by the British
seamen some time ago and fairly comfortable accommodations were provided to feed and house the ntt-ii of the
sea who i'aJI Into British hands. The
British government a-pproi>ri'.ites $2.40
a week for eitch prisoner in the detention camp, and there is little complaint
of suffering among the .mariners, as
they are trea-ted like brothers by the
union officials who -have the place In
charge and probably wouldn't run away
if they could. Many of the German
prisoners were members of the British
union at one time or other, and so
tliey spend a -.fairly enjoyable Mme
among their British comrades, who declare they are doing all in their power
to preserve the bond of international
fraternity ancl good will,
c     *     -j
Army s cu.iidals, due to the greed oi
contractors who r.rnish supples hf-e
iMis-ed quite a hubbub In Kngland. Tne
trade unionists nnd Socialists charge
tl-a.t tlie contractors are exploiting clothing workers in a shameful manner,
paying $5 or less a week for work that
usually brought $9, and some women
receive as low as $1.50. , Alang with
this skinning at the production end, it
is further charged, the contractors unload food, boots and clothing on tne
soldiers tWitt are rotten. Leather :a
a mixture of paste and brown paper,
clothing falls apart and meat is unfit
for cooking, canned goods are spoiled,
bread adulterated, etc. The contrac-
ing their first b^ll in the Workers' j tors have been fiercely denounced In
Hall, on Friday, Jan. 29th. > 1'arllaimen-t, but somehow nobody has
We note with pleasure that prepara- made a serious move to arrest and try
tions are under way to receive the
overflow ofwater from the company's
the .men have heen asked to work under a reduced rate.
-+ + -+ + + *+.+ .+ + .^ + .+ --+!" B, Nugent was elected dlegate to the
^ ^ I convention in Lethbridge.
♦ coLeman ♦)♦♦♦♦ <**.'♦♦♦♦♦♦«>
♦ ♦ *♦ *
♦ ♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦V*' LETHBRIDGE NOTES ♦
)♦ ♦
The Odkli -Fellows and St. Albans •*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
wen' opponents -In a whim tourua-' The mines only worked two da>*
ment last Wednesday evening In the last week, but we are now bavin* a
>5t, Alton* Recreation ltooroa. A j cold «i»eH -which may create a greater
iiloaaant gume etid«il In favor of the i demand for cd.il — provided those In
vlmfoli by « points, the score showing ,ni-ecI of It liave the money to get It.
221 to aifi. Lunch waa served dur-j The .Citlxen*' 'Committee-appointed
Ing the evening, , to ko over the estimates with u view
A danco under tho auspices of the j cf pruning, after becoming thoroughly
Hellef -Society was held 1a»t Friday inwiua-lntml with all iiii rU-wi In rs. noted
evening In th* Opera House. Thej wisely In not Interfering ^n any way
t'olemnn Town Hand and Stoke* Or*!with tho conimlaaloom'' salaries,
i-hestra wppMed the music, and under] Tli ere were n few officials whom they
Mie oapabk* management of Mr. K, • conalitered wore receiving * exorbitant
nhnwy, who had charge of the- floor, |».iLialea a-coonling to tlmr duties or
cvorytMng-paascd oif smoothly. jreaiHiiwdbllUle*.   Thnse  were  left  to
A hockey match between the "Han-'the dtwr«t1cm of the (•ojnmlS8l-oJ»-i'».
beans, or would-be" hockey)*!* of f'ote*' Aa a member of lhat conwnlltce I com-
min nfiri Uie International Coal and * mend the action of the connndssloners,
t'oke Co., took place laat Wedrt-aadiyi-iiartleiihirty ttie Mayor and Oommla*
. vcnlng on the skating rink. White \ sloner U*an, In voluntarily reducing
not lolling for much pralao In so far J thHr salnrlea for the benefit of local
water system, which has b-acome a
menace to some of the property holders on the Conley townsite.
-The recrultihg officer -Is expected in
this towm shortly, and the [tosslbilitles
of securing recruits -seem good! Why?
them for treason and then line them up j
against a stone waU.	
Convention    Instructs   to   Continue
Strike Until Won—Assessments for
Strike Relief Continued Infedinitely,
BRIDGEPORT, Ohio.—Bncouragspel
by tlie splendid endorsement of their
position signified by the delegates to
the annual convention of the miners of
Ohio, t'he strikers of e:istein Ohio sraao
as solid and determined today as they
were almost ten months auo, when Hil*
fnrmer *agrerment expired.
The convention at Coiumbus was
atceiiii-ed by delegates froni ucaiply
every lora-1 u::ioJi in t-iie Suite of Ohio.
A spirit of complete harmony prevailed.
On the o.i'S'U'in Ohio strike situation
the delegates vied with each other in
expressions of determination to win;
on the part of the delegates from the
strike district "to stand solidly, )n-
definliely, unt/il the victory is won";
while the del-estates from other parts
of the state pledged their moral and
financial snppoit, for any timo necessary.
Jt was unanimously decided to continue the .1 per cent, as-sessineni, and
the action of tlie officials iu levying
the same prior to the convention was
endorsed.
That the rank and file fully endorsed the act-ions of their officials
was conclusively proven by tho report
of the -tellws. President John Moore,
Viced'.!e-sldeJit Life Hall, Secretary-
Ti-casurer Ci. W. Savage, were all reelected by handsome majorities, tli us
proving, beyond cavil that the miners
of the district are in sympathy with
tlie policies of the officials in the strike
situation.
The mediators appointed by Secretary of Labor W. It. Wilson met with
a committee of the opera-tors mf Bast-
urn Ohio, nt Wheeling, >asf Thursday.
On Friday and Sa turd-ay last tihe
same two gentlemen- -Daniel .1. Keen
a->:-:I flywel l>avis—were in consulta
tinn with the members of the District
No. G, exet'iihive -boar.1, and officials
of 'Uie eastern Ohio sub-district.
The mediators have given out no
statements. So far, they are only a;--
qualn-lin*^ themselves with rhe merits
,)f the points In dispute.
For some time past, Influences have
bp0n at work In this field to lead the
A CORRECTION
To the ISdjtor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—I wish to correct a statement made by the Beaver Creek correspondent which appeared in the Beaver Creek items, Jan. ICth, in which
he nie-iuions a letter received from
Illllicrest Local referring to some friction which exists between the .medical
attendant and the members, and a!~o
tliat we were short of funds.
KNOX  CHURCH,   FERNIE
Sunday, Jaa 31—"H a.m., Special
service for children, come and bring
your little ones; 7.30 p.-m., "The Most
Powerful Motive";, 2.30 p.m., Sunday
school. Wednesday, 7.30 pjn., Annual Meeting; a full attendance -Is desired. Thursday. 7.45 pjm., Thoughtful workers. You are cordially In-vit-
a<l to attend. W. J. MacQuarrie,
B,A., minister.
The following is a correct copy ofi
letter sent out to several locals, of;
which Beaver Creek was one, and in!
which nothing is said about our funds j
METHODIST CHURCH, FERNIE
Sunday, Jan. ill.--11 ajm.. "The Ka.il-
, ute of  the Strong";   2.3u -p.m.,  Bible
bring short or friction  between   lhe|0,aB„ al)d  SlmduJ.  gehoo,.   uo
members and  il.e  Doctor: | "What ,Men  Live  By."   Monday, 7.30
p.m., Mr. Sloodley will relate some of
his   interesting   experiences   In   the
Hlllcrest  Local   1'nion,
Hlllcrest.. Alta, Xov, l:i, l-.U-l
Dear Sir and Bro.—I am instruct-
READ IT
A rineing declaration against the war
has been adopted by the Socialists of
Italy and Is now being circulated
Mi rough out that conptry.
"The -primary and fundamental re-
•Navy.     Thursday evening, prayer ser-
. vice a; 7*">n.     Friday, choir practice.
ed by thu above local io write *.v.ij -—.	
in regards the doctor question.   We j    pr. Simmons. I.. I). S., D. IJ. S., den-
had   one   brother  crippled   and  ourjtist,  Bank of  Hamilton   Building, op-
doc tor could do nothing for him. Wej p0Slte   Trites-Wood   Co.     Vancouver
sent h!*m to Mayo Bros., Rochester, i prices.
•Minn., wliich cost our members $20*). i
Xow we also have another brother J  '  ~
lhat has been crippled for almost
cue year, and it seems as though
he will never get better while under
the local doctor's care, which means
another trip to Mayo Bros, with another $200 expense to our members.
We feel that the time has come
when we must take some step to
stop this unnecessary expense, The
scheme that we have to offer is to
take a certain portion of the doctor's money and place it in a se-*
parate fund to be used only in send-
Iiik members to a specialist -when
onr local doctors can do nothing
more for them: or the doctors to-'
pay all expense and stoppage to remain the same.
Hoping your local' will take this
question up and give it the discussion it deserves, and if you cannot
fall In with our scheme offer us
something better, when we will glad-
iy fall In with yours.
I remain, yours,
M. STIGLBR, Sec,
in the Province of British Columbia
there a-re thirteen custom ports. Ferule
holds fifth place for exports and seven
th_for imports. .	
Play
T66TflEV0to»!5
By Louis Joseph Vance
Story ( ) Here Now
See it at
2tye Sata
COMMENCING FRIDAY
FEB. 12|h_lfllfi	
The mine worked five d-ays last | sponirfbillty for tho war." says the I
week but so far has not worked this j manifesto, "is to bo traced back to the j
week.   (Is that tlie reason, Kd?).       j present capitalistic system, bated  oni
i t'-e in-ternal rivalry af the classes, and I
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦jexternal rivalry* or the States.
* jcreotes In Its development forces which ,
♦ HILLCREST *|il! !l «l»'wi moment It can no longer;
eonti-ln and domiii.iti\ and which In ■
timet, of pence plunders tlie proletariat, j
iinu demand* from it In lime of war
l
the utmost sacrifice, the supreme sur-J
render. |
"Italy alone of all the great conn
openaT-C'r.s of the mines In the struck
field io beliirve that the Illinois would
return to work al the rates offered
If appronc.5i.ed aB individuals.
Those who believed In these assertions wcpn thoroughly undeceived this
week when attempts were made to reopen the mines at lUunaay.'
Some min-Ks, and' dtiytnrn bail been
working tliiirc, as cIm-wIu-ic lu ngrec-
.,, . ; ment with the po'iey adni'ted by the
j striking miners, allowing enough men
'to worlt to keep the proper!Ick from
-V'tprlnrntlnii: with t.ie iin.li'iv.aiidlng
that no coal Bhould be produc!   .Y.r
market.
When It w;is found thai the fact of
Hum' men working in agreement  to
j this <'nll«h-t«ii«d jwllry was imiii'teil to
On Wednesday, of last wee-k, a grand
con-cert and dance was glvea in Union
Hall under the auspices of Local lOotl,
nn behalf of Chas. Ileaver. " A hWi*    '"•*•' «—-.«.».. -»•* •..«.. *•-;■" i ,,y. ,-H, aj,OT1(orH nn u breach Hi tlie
number of slngc-ri of Hlllcrest and stir- ^ *« U«n» ab Ie to keep out ,o  tlio ^r U(w mm ^
rounding district rendered aongo am! idiwnths conflict and to declare ititelf!
tfclUitlonsi to a crowded aud appreda* ««.tral. To bring about this decision I
tlve audience. Mr. Hart, the Metho-;«»'»''« Bovernment the rosolute ottltudc
dist minister, very ably tilled the I assumed by the Socialist party and t-lie
office of chairman. After the concert I i»rMetar!nt ever since Oie commence,
supper was served and dan-eing eom-|n*«t of the crln!* has not lieen with-
meiiced, at whleb everyone appeuren ! on: offoot" |
lo ewjoy' tht'uiselvt'* liumeiiuely,   A*j    Alter warning nntl denouncing the)
a remit of the concert over |180 ban {cletm !it« that are nttc-mptliig to plunge
been raised for the relief of the bro-ithe r-wtotry Into the nwnstrotii eon*
t
ai ptoytnjf -hockey wnn eoneornMl, tt *' relief.
was enteitaloiiiff In n way, and -muted j   The excavation for the new Stand-
lot* of tmmemoM   One thing that t ard Wtnlr on comer of 3rd Avenue and
ner)ono neemed to take  partloulsrl tilth fkreet wan started law weel;.
iiot-k* ot »«s that nomo ot tbo players |   The Interment of Joe llanlsko took
xj-mieiil to-have their skates on the (place Wednesday of last week from
wrong Ptoee. Judging by the eod of |the -undertaker'a porlors.     It waa a
•y,t-m t-kil *»i -tuoht ou iii* im.  ««*#*iwlil snd stormy day and very few
in* Umt bnli of the proceods wwrejof hia own tmtlonalliy turned -mit, but
i.«ndM over to the relief society, It Uioct* «b-J dM on Uieir return from Uie
mlabt bmt* been  better intronJse-d
than it mm
I'orn Sondey. Jan. itttx, to Mr. and
\tr« r, Aimtott, a dtwghter.
vemtKtory met and formed a eornmlt-teo
ot thw* n»e» wnd tliree women to look
after tlie i-hrWrrn until the mother
la able lo be ont from iionpital.
•etsmw
WMM
The
■MMMMM
Mier.
"Iltllcrew, Alta. Jan. Sf>. 191,1
To th« Editor, District Ledger.
"I)«ar Sir,—At the requeat, aud on
behalf of Hro. €. Beaver. I would
tike to thank every single Individual
wbo helped to nmke the dance on
Jan. 20th auch a splendid succena
both fliiMiit-tall) nml Mii-lally. as it;
netted *I»:>.2.T..
"Your« very truly, !
"J. 11UDLKV
The mlnea worked four da)a la.*:
week.
i.Mr. Mellmd. of Wlnnlpex, and Ml**
Mr.Mafheney were Jolneil together In
the bonda of holy matrimony Wednes-
of hat week at the homo of the bride »
Itarents. The- hnw eouple Jmtrney*
«l to Ifctnff to aptnd tbelr honeymoon
and then proceed lo thi-lr bame In
Waldorf Hotel
fllct. Ihe i4atenient concludes:
"The Socialist |wrty, In thin perMfb*
nl and ansloua hour, claims full re-
MHouHlWIlty for the iioaitlon it haa tak* *
on up, caring nollving for the ;r,:t,ni:
with which ttie monopoliata of iiutnot.;
lam point at It ns a party hostile to*
tbe fathortand. -
"Workers! The prete\:a by which j
yn\\ ',i"*"i t-> !>!• \i*-,\ \\; th( Alui'iibii» uii .
aot worth the m*ie ot human live*!
sn-I trf-amm- wh'cli w-n* ncwss'-i'ites.
Hold yonr meeting*! Kwlst the pro-i
war Infatuation, oppose your demon-J
stations to tbo*** of ptr'lr* In favor]
I of the war. )
"The Rot-UHst lb ,intl»" will not vote!
t4-e mi'ltnn etwllt* for a war of a-wre« j
»k1o». rt-siiltlna from a arott'tqtie and]
ii'(iiitr,-jill<!or> foreiun pullo irnh* ■•»»,
('if exriedlenta and di>mld of Idenla, for
I which  th*  Italian  tovernlna class***-
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Beat Accommodation
Up-to-Oate — Every
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES
in the Pass.—
Convenience.—
ANO  JENTLEMEN
tl. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
We wish itwin loot Ufa and th« d>nasty are reaiionalbte.
Mrs. S. Jenoinr*, Prop.
L. A. Mills* Minif er
EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN PLAN
CAFE OPEN DAY & NIGHT
Menu a la Carte
On and after February lu wt wil make a Spepial Rate
Boar j am! Room bf tbe week or month
MEAL TICKETS $6.00
WiimilM-tc.
together. "The Italian ftoHidlat party reafflrtna
l»»*atdrtit W. U I'WIUp* ani HostdjKo nbMlWt tnitb In tho Workers' fo.j
Mwmb^r H H««e* *ere In tfcwn orer' "<mit'omt, »tcstlf«*f to srl*e greater]
Ui* we-ek-e-wl an ImiKWtaiit badm*% ' *** *'-rem*r tnm tb* Utml and th<« |
T!h\v left 8nnday night westbomrl.    'min of th»' .Vi*!n-"   ('lev. !inil t*!tl i
Tlw- tw>a ul Hiitofwat took adTan-1 «en. j
tri.|»« of (In* W,t* it'iys iiiiid IwM ft nrnt^t.* ^
er on Monday,   -.-ommenctna   at   tl
oiwt a*Nit  nastiaa «Mti Uie -Msrly-j
,.„.,,*   u*     >! -*»***#    H*Ui'Mi.UA.     IA»V»   Ut |
M*H tkim* **re prav-Had.
iioi«BHf>td) nmxrmiR ■- For
j?nie,     Apply, «!». Virtorln Atmun.
|    TO    KB.VT--Wre.Hi»m#d    llooae.
\t\ftp1y, Wm. Minton. Pernie .*«»**.
•pilt worlt.
There Iiiih not liceii ;my d-euK'Ulona
from the rank* of the atrikera. Kven
th<» open-n-tora who were deceived Into
btJi-nvluK that ihcre were iiiinitiwn uf
thoir employes ready to ro tn work
nro now ihomUKhly cimvliici-.l that
this i« n.atrlke to win. which all of the
miners ore unanimously detero-iined.
The resolution tlmt follows Ih <elf-
<'\phtiiiHory, nnd bi*jir» out the above;
Resolution
"llllles llottom, Ohio, Jan, t."i
"We, the mem ber a of I<oe«l 1'nloii
I2rii! mvl Local Union VlWi, In mm*
nwetiiiK saaembl-wl nt IMIIes llottom,
i   Ohio, unanimously adopted the W-
lowlmt resolution:
■.SlicntiN, A misleading smtemciit
Ikis b»*eit widely drntLiU'-l th.u «
l.ir«i iLiicbrr ui union mi'it ii-Ht*
broken ttnny trtmx the t'tiited Mine
Worker* of Anmrlra and hin*«» R-tnie
io work on the ojien shop ba»is. thit*
.-inopili* Um operntors' terms: and
"Wh#rf«», Aa a mntter at fart a
few men har-e vtaiied eleortna thi
rnlnos nmler da> labor, which is tn
!iecord;inee with rule 2ft of tbe Ills -j
trlci <"tttt»14hlli<w.  mid
"Win.tews, Hliifi* th< «|H*ra'oi>j
lum de#hre«l ho»tllltk*» antnst the!
'j-.-S'-iSl.'.jstUss »r..l thrriti'.* I'.al ;«•*/•
*!!! op»'-n ■"'I*' mltse* on the o.w'iij
fhtup i»!an t»»d *vlet the miner* tfc.it
will not r-Htim to *ork: th«»r»fof»*.
i„* If
-Iti'solve *.   TTi/it  'hem   men   svl»o
hati* a-one to wort »« day lalwr«*ri.
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware
Furniture
We wilt fumleh your houm* from cellar lo garret aud al bottom prlcea.  Call, write, phone or wire.    All orders given
prompt attention,
if you nre aatlsfied, tall othara.   If net satisfied, ttll ua.
Coleman
Alberta
F. H. THOMPSON GO.
•*Th« Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crocker*, Boots and Shoes
mmmm
Flour! Flour! Flour!
y,
TWO   WRUt   desire   employment
*»*tber  Ih   katot  or  pritate  f«m*!ly.
Will* mrr Vnr*r**1nn Pernio f» ft
■otb^mn   mm    wpFwHWaa^ae
U.SOkVpnrts
in»»w
Tn »pvt  T-rti rum'nhyt Hiwnti.,
I r- »noMbU-.    Api>J; ll«. He a land A»r. |
ftlH IMMfOMATR mMM—Ow* r*t
n. tr,  l-,9*t*oti\. m\%*4 meemt *mW
i rn i.vih *Ii»*iBirf.    Prt** •!-.##.   ttpfty
r HI Tbomomm C*   m*fm*r*. tin
MINERS'ASTHMA
■g _^^^ l_ mbot^m ibir Mftl*
MM •» mom t *btf tmomt mm mvw*
<Mal taina ooi fttaellllf sr
tmrorm nnram -ny iwiioms tmmnmw
tn
I
mittmtb Ak
!f *» HaMfeAMIIKK
mmw it.   mML
mmmtt turn tt.
..<,# t*.., •*>*
#*,| »i|*i* tifi-i h' excr.er.-ited fwni any
li!^»ie for unintertViimHv' dolna nn
fair imrk: aoi be it fMriln*r
"Hw-tol-rftd, TTwt n«m» ot ib* m**m
1.      - ■    r     It.        ■   ■        I I ' •' '    (>  ,_
to with In U** mint* of tbr *nlr
illstriii until the ointrntort'altn «b»
orale for II eenta p^r t«n for »tra!»*it
ran of mine: and be It further
"Re«otf*d. That «e u-t»n»|mo»»l>
fes< tk*t 'be fWHeathtn fur I" »*ot»!
l**t ton tn* nut**' run is t*ur a* i» l«itki #
and oot *««tita!wH the f.t^r et mr *
WMftiv otttftnl* j
H. I". WAUtV'K f**Utmn. j
T1IOMAH HAM.. |
"litTlim MAJKS. i
C If. l«l«JIBVO\,
For lowest prices
on Flour call or
'Phone
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
Th# Store That SAVES You Monoy Page SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,,   B. C, JANUARY 30, 1915
siajgiagigigiBisi^
FIGHTING FOR A
ficllS'BiSIiilia^
By William Morris Feigenbaum
(This writer says the Wonk-ens of
Europe are fighting the battles of German, French and British Capital its-ts.)
The naX-lona of the world are fight-
big tor a blunder! France, Germany,
England, Russia, Austria and- Japan
are locked In- the greatest amd the
most ghastly war thait Uie world has
ever seen for a mistake in economics,
for a blunder in political salen-ce, for
mistakes and blunders *-hat any high
school boy who is master of a little
elementary science could puncture ill
a moment if it occurred to him to associate his school subjects with current events, which hardly, anybody
thinks of doting.
When we -any "Germany" we do not
mean the people of Genmany. When
we. aay "Great Britain" we do not
mean the British people. Socialists
devote much time in pointing out that
In tha newB of the day che dispatches
say "Austiia" when they mean tho
eapkalisaic autocracy of Austria: they
.^SISMt^JSiaiSlSlSJSlSI&lSlSiSiSSlSlSJSlSISISJ
t.hu,t glorious victory has crowned our
standards, thafc we re-enter our capital In triumph; we have swept the
sees clean of the enemy and we havo
cleared the land of his legions.
Whalt tben?
We all know that militarism is fostered by tbe "Munitlonsfabrik," by the
Krupps. But that is only by the way.
Militarism is necessary to the development of the capitalistic state, and the
gvaft and the corruption of the armament makers is only a side issue. The
"hject of all the arm-lug and the backbiting burdens of ever increasing navies has accomplishel its purpose, and
the Krupns nre com-pelled to find othor
grafts.     Thait will take care of itself.
The German capitalist class has
ln-en egging the government oil for
over forty years to undertake two exploits—the acquisition of colonies and
the building of a giant navy. That
s,'.■.!■%; navy is known, us has alwaya
been known, as a direct r-hallenge -to
thc l'l-itis-h navy, as a bid for tbe
world trade that Britain now holds.
Those two things are the two great
say "Russia," but they do not mean  nuatters that have engaged -the aitteai-
the oppressed millions, the tortured
people of that, big -country, it is true
that the Germans -and the British and
the -French are fighting the battles of
the German and tlie -French and the
rtri-tisih capitalist class. We know tliat
The people have finally come to realize it, and they will bear it in mind—
until tMa coumtry manages to get into
a squabble. Then they will forget
what they -have been saying about Kurope. But for th-e time being, it is
generally realized that the good men
of Burope are slaughtered, for their
masters, thai the good women of Europe, and the innocent children of Europe are made burnt offerings to tlie
greed of some one else. Some think
it is autocracy; some think it is Prussian militarism; Czar-ism; Caesoirism.
Some caill it something else. Socialists call -Jt capitalism; they say tliat
the -debacle ls the logical result of the
profit syatean, and let tt go at -that.
A Crime Against Humanity
' tion ot German capitalist government
for all the years of Prussian Junker-
tituin.
Now, since the rulers of the empire
•.•re .so infernally anxious to have colonies, and to fight for the -trade Ui-at is
now held by Great Britain, one would
think thai those two are the firings
thsi.t above all are needed to add to the
money bags of the German capitalists.
As a matter of fact, that is farthest
from the case; there is nothing that
would do less to enrich German capita-lists than to conquer more colonies,
and to have the trade of ithe world,
as conquered by German war vessels.
The error is psychological. . Xot
"psychological" like the present depression, but really psychological.
The manner of it is thus: We have
nation, say that "France 'gets Tunis,'
or that "Italy 'gets? Cyram-yda."
A Wrong Theory
Italy no more 'gets* Jiat nation than
Servia rose as one man- andi wrote a
fresb note to Austria. In a word,
-there is a tall amount of reasoning by
analogy. By analogy with a person
"getting" something, a nation "geitis" a
colony. Hence, the more colonilea a
nation "gets" the richer t-hat u-aition
is. Further on, we will -see 'how at
one time it was-worth a great deal for
u nation to have colonies, under another economic school of thought tliat
dominated the world a century or so
ago. But today that school is abandoned; that -school is now known to
liave been utterly wrong, mud that method of making money out of colonies
is no longer used.
Today a colony is not an asset to
a nation. Speaking from the standpoint of the oapitalltft oluas, a colony
is a liability, or tt Is merely un oraia-
menit -tlmt Is pretty to look -at, that Is
"worth" nothing to the ruling olasis.
Here js a situation. Germany has
•mi area of ^08,780 square miles, more
than ."iO.OOO less than the area -of Texas.
Hut to Texas' ;t,000,(HlO, Germany bus
(51,9:23,99:1 (1910). That means «
crowding of 310.-1 to the square mile.
Now, Germany "must have an outlet
t'o hen- congested population-," so says
the average "lliinker." Well, Ger-
mnni* must have some place to live.
I lul thut is another story entlrtly. You
would think that "Oermrnny" was a
growing child that had overgrown its
children's clothing, and needed newer
and more caipuelous clothing, tt does
seem tbat way, if you insist upon personifying a' nation, if you peorsfis-t in
j-oiir ]isyc-hological error.
As a mutter of ftict. you are about
as far as you can be from the truth
when you say that a nation that is
had a habit,  since the  days of tlve 1 ciow*inig up needs more territory to
Medes and the Persians, of personifying things. We personified trees, and
rivers and sicknesses end tastes. We
personified cities and  nations.   Is> it
All know that it is a crime against| not so? Do we say: "The people of
the human rase; all know tluat It is Germany do thus and so?" Do we say,
•eom-pelMng men and tbelr families to I The autocrat y of Russia did as fol-
suffer for the ruling claiss, whatever; lows against the protest*' of the body
tbat class may be named. But in ad-i of the people?
ditlon-, t-hene is a sort of vague feeling Rulers at War
that the caipitalls-t, or the autocrat, or On the contrary, we say Germany
the banker has selected that thing that] did as follows; Russia committed- the
is of most profit to .him, and there-; following act;  "Itussia" sent an tilii-
"uponsetsout to maJre~~tHe~wiofld"do"hS~
bidding. There is an almost fatalistic
feeling thait what Uie capitalist seta
out to do is the best thing tor him;
thht he Is cruel, cunning and cSatailat-
ing. Among the masses who see the
vast weeith that they pile up for the
ruling classes there is an Instinctive
feeling that tihe capitalist class knows
tt -all. tbat what its members do Is the
very beat way to get their wish.   And
liuitumio""Jaipan;"ServT.nnt, Austria
fill up, needs more colonies
You buy a suit of clothes, if you
Imve grown fat. Your waist line was
like unto that of a sylph, You measured twenty-nine inches around the
equator. Xow you have onened a
bank account, you clip coypone. You
now have a circumference of forty
Inches. You want a new suit of -clothes. You do not swipe some one else's
pants that are already inhabited.1. You
take a new pair of nether garments
that a-re. as populous as the polar re-
rgt6nisr7ou_flii"nrp"an~^mpiTrTrair-rjf
In the jaw; .Montenegro stuck-her ton-; belnklelder that nie adequate to the
mie out at Roumania, j exigencies of the time.
A moment's reflection will make us I Does Not Hold Water
realize that it was the government of ■    There are no vast gobs of territory
this or that or the other country tliat j .ying arntir d Ioobc that cai! be used to
did these sassy thinas;    that, when    dump  surplus  population   upon,  im ly defeated.
.. The     Rest of the Story
Here is a nation bursitlngwith people. Tlie people b$,ye, nlo vacant land
next door to streapa into, as America
had .when the great. West was being
opened up. Th'-e goyerpiment has provided colonies ever, the sea-s six -times
tiie area of the Fatherland. ' These
colonies have a population of one-f ifth
that of the Fat-herla'nd, which Is- iniit-
self a great population. There has
been a steady stream of emSgration
from Germany, over 5,000,000 in the
inneteenth century; var>iing froni 220,-
902 in 1881 to 19,883 In 1908. Up to
this point it seems aii right, it seems
as if the colonial ad-ventures of Germany were justified. Until you read
the rest of tihe' story.
Of the 12,000,000 that dwell in the
colonies of the German Empire, exactly 24,389 are Germans! Principally soldiers. <>
The 5,000,000 Germans who sought
their fortunes elsewhere did not go
to the coiul islets of the -seas, did- not
go to Equatorial Africa.
-They mme to Milwaukee, to St.
I^ouls, to Xew York. They are found
In Brazil,, where a whole state is practically all German; they are In the
Argentine, where tbey have a great
settlement in Buenos Aires.
-The sturdy German worker w-ho
seeks his fortune far from the congested empire that he loves so much
seeks not the abstract joy of gazing
upon the Germau flag each day. He
has that at home. He.seeks a nome
for himself and his family. And he
cannot find that home in the jungles
of Africa.
He finds that home In a temperate
climate, ir. a climate tlmt Is some*
t'i-ing like the climate at home. 4e
r.i:ghr like to' be a pioneer, like the
l<-ngl<sh iu Canada, like tlio ^Spaniards
in South America. But he will pioneer only when that pioneering will
finally make hdtn a home in a place
that Willi give him a habitation like his
home in tho Fatherland. He does
not want to fight cobras or tse tse
flies. He does not watv-t to fight ZuIjs
ail tlie year. He wants a home. And
if he cannot find a home under the
German flag, Milwaukee gets him, Sao
Paulo gets htm.
The average German, the average
American, sa-ys that "Great-Britain has
so many colonies; therefore, let 'us'
also 'get' colonies." Well, Germamy-
ihns lots of them. And as the humorist says, now tliat she has them, what
is she going to do witb them?
The' reason -tliat Germany has been
engaged so long In tlie quest of co-lo-
n-ies la .twofold: First, to "have" something, to be rich, aa if the nation were
a person, and colonies were "things";
and, second, so tliat emigrating Germans would still be under the sway of
the dear buglneea men of the Helms:,
so tihat business ineS_oT"offiwTloo?i7
of hatred nationalities, should not
make profits irom wandering Germans.
Germany has some colonies, if thn
<'oes her any good.   But the objects
toi whlea slie wonted them are utter-
the colonies make *\he home goodls- pay
-tariffs! / ',
Every* bit of colonial expansion that
was not.dofteuwder the old system of
b-I-oodsuckftig exploitation! lias ibeen ab-
soJutel-j- pure economic - .waste! And
England*, by ipra-otical-ly turning the colonies loosed admits it Other than
for naval s-tailons, and caible and coaling stations, aai the blood that has
been spilled has been for the estjhetic
joy of seeing the flag of the hemic nation Boating; over the new territory,
aud nothing mom.
* *. * r
That is one thing. Vheije ie the
otber dominating motives in this war—
to get England's trade. It can be asseverated until thait excellent gentleman is purple to tttie gills, but no one
will believe the Kaiser tliat he wanted
peia-ce. Ile wanted peace, at this moment, maybe. But the giant German
navy was built as a challenge to Great
Britain, to the great British fleet, as
a bid for the world trade that -Britain
has, and everybody knows it Tliat
the chili) was knocked off tils shoulder
sooner tlian he wanted d-oes not alter
the case.
Analyzed, tliat challenge of Germany
is ju.s't as Intelligent, just as sensible,
as the bid for colonies. It gets aa
much tor tihe powers tliat pull the
strings as the quest of colonies*. And
it bears out tlie contention that all
governments liave been run on theories
that are wrong.
Men are -no m-ore inteiltgemt now
thbn t-liey were then. Then- ithey selected one fallacy. Xationa-1 policy
was based on it. World empires were
formed to carry it out. And tit it had
succeeded for one moment, then there
would ,-have been a terrible disaster,
whose effects would be fed! even, tod-fey.
And today tliey select another fol-
hicy. They select tlie fallacy of colonial expansion. They -select tlie fallacy of "fighting for the tnad-e of the
wor&l," when a child can see that
peaceful, quiet, sober capitalist expand
slon can cause tliem to compete their
rivals off the map. The giant trade
of the Fatherland- proves it. put they
want the golden eggs, not day by day.
but all at once. So they fight for It.
Well, here it is. They are fighting
for it. It Is not enough that they have
competed England off the map In many
pi-aces without the firing of a -single
shot. They want It all. So Instead
of making better goodte, and ohaaper,
they fight for IL
The working class of Europe Is
crucified," the working class of the
world is made a sacrifice, to the greed
of the capitalist class. And If they
had wen, if they -had got every single
one of their wishes, without the hellish
debacle that it Imports, tt would be
dead sea fruit, and turn to ashes at
bottles, and retreat ia one 'body in an
orderly manner to tbe return airway
as quickly as possible, -but cool and
co-operating. - -"       _•-'_,
(4) If some of the party are tn possession of .electric lamps they should
not be together but distributed . here
and there, to render a little assistance
if .possible," with'the light of thfeir
lamps, which is more illuminating than
that of the ordinary safety-lamp. (More
light, more progress on the journey,
. (5) -Place Initials, numbed of.' the
party, date, and time of retreat in plain
chalk marks here and there. If possible take some Arattlce cloth, nails,
wooden strips, aad haiwmers, In, case
of emergency, and make an effort to
save horses and ponies if there are.
any working in the distriot or close
at hand when the retreat is about to
be made. s
(6)- -When retreating take particular
notice of cross roads tbere may be between the intake roadway and the return roadway. If any such there
would lie a probability of some of
them being damaged by the d-estruc-
tlve force o^ the explosion, therefore
after-damp may be finding ita way into
tbe return airway in more or less quantities. ,    -
(7)fIf some cross roads were found
to be damaged, the brattice cloth,
wood-en strips, etc., should, if possible,
be erected to prevent or check the
poisonous gases that may be penetrating into the return airway, Tim's, we
could proceed carefully until-we reached another crops road and then repeat
the process. * ThlB work should be
done as quick as possible, with the
assistance of a few workmen.
(8) Some of the party should be
given orders to render assistance to
the older persons and also to some of
the younger ones (such as boys), and
to pay particular attention that the
wrappers around- their mouths and nostrils are continually and constantly
saturated with the contents of tlieir
bottles. Here and there a little halt
should be made to reckon the number
of tiie party and book them down, and
place initials, number of persons forming the party, date, and time of day
(9)- By using wrappers, mufflers, or
scarves, at the starting point of retreat
we would be on the safe side. At any
instant the after-damp may overtake
us, therefore we should be prepared
to fight against it, and absorb as much
oxygen as possible, which is essential
in cases of this kind.
I have received assistance in answering this question,from old and capable persons who have bad experience
in thi/kind of work, and in a case similar to the question reached the surface, from a distant part of the mine
bie-fore the after-damp affected them.
•Electric lamps were not theji. in use.—
T. Phillips, 68, Dumfries Street, Treor-
I
ir
Senator D.Derby-
ahire' of «Brock ville,
•ays, — "Some .- t}ine
ago I contracted a very, bind
cold which settled on my lungs
and bronchial tubes. I almost
lost my-voice, was constantly
coughing and experienced con- Of
siderable .pain, A. friend of- I
fered me a box of PEPs, and \ ■
was very much pleased with |
their almost Instant action. .
They seemed to gp direct to 1
the" sore places, stopped tfcie S
coughing, and made my breath- *
ing -easier, I continued using |
PEPs and they completely »
cured iny cold. Now wp,'£b •
ways' keep a supply of PEPa." |
Mr. Gustave Boyer, Mi P.
for Vaudreull, and Prealdeot
of the Dairymen's Aaao-^ot
Quebec, writes,—"I have lilea
PEPa for colds and bronchitis,
and have found them-far'beyond all other remedies.'*, y ' n
PEPs contain- healing,. jbealtb- I
g'ving pine fumes, condensed and •
compressed into tablets. Wlwa a I
PEP dissolves on yourtongut, thefe" T
fumes are liberated and breathed I
down direct to the seat of, {rouble. |
- All driiniiU itti atom; ot ttiatPUt* _
Co.. Toronto, Winqlptf, or Kooti»»l, m ■
receipt oJ»rlce.Slc ko», 3 boinltJB. 0
Erie trial as;
&? nr& \
ntnmn to* post- 1"
-**** * ,-•
ft
I
Andorra declares war on the United ' there are plenty of garments, that may
State1*, when
word ito Brazil!, asserting that it will
commence operations Immediately, we
ao much the greater Is the cruelty of-know that the ®oil of that mountain-
remaining unkler their yoke.
- oue common wealth does not grasp a
But thai happens not to be the case, j pen and write the words that we read,
the ruling olaaa would Uke to have We know that all the -people do not
It tiie caso; the ruling elans, speaking at. one swoop utter the self-some words
In term* of their much loved 'efficiency." would like to got us near 100
Bokhara sends its last; be devoted to the noble purpose of
| taking up the slopping over embonpoint.
That ls, your analogy, your person!,
flcntlon of the nation as a growing person, ia utterly wrong, does not hold
water for one moment.
We are considering Germany. Germany la filling up. That great and
wonderful nation is more packed than
nny odher nation on earth, except the
exception, Belgium, tlmt ls realty only
a region, and England. The people
of the Fatherland aro crowded. They
want to go somewhere.    To get them
nt the nwme moment.
Certain men, speaking for the gov-
por cont efficiency aa possible out of, crnmetut of tftat country, wlio at
their control of the world. They might that moment are that country, do, or
get it If they wwre not a lot of chuckle j --say, or think certain things. But that
headed ©humps; they would get It If; is the second thought. It Is Uw flrat
they road Mstdry and economics and thought tliat does the harm,
political edonce. But they are as ig* It ta well Por men to have. If one j somewhere to go, their kind govern-
noraht a» they are brutal. They are j has, he 1a well pff. If on» ima more, i ment has provided varloua and wuidry
•aa stupid natibey nre greedy. j he la better off.     Therefore,  if one - eoloniea, as England -haa provided-Can-
It m»y bo aald dogmatically thati would be well off, one devote* hia time)ada and Auatmlia and South Africa.
pructlcaJty every govi-remotit ln r't-Mn the glorious task of gutting.
cont emturioi has been baisud upon! We speak of nations ln terms of
aomo theory of political science or j persona, We aay "Germany has
e«3«omllc»—nai that theory is wrong! UtiH" Tbat ia upon fim thought,
Krery ffovee-nment in recent ceu-|\V«ll, what has Germany? Germany
turioa haa boon run upon aome theory | cannot adorn ita pallid brow with
whiwo purpokV it hua hi'cti- to enrkh. Jewel*. Germany otuuiot drink lee
tbe ruling economic data, and that)cream aoda.     Germany can have—
theory ts a b'under;, a theory that
'mamot bold water!
for toattin-ce, thc preaent war. We
know thut It U a terrible crime. But
what! It can. have what a country
can hsve; namely, twiitory, more territory; -population, more population,
and yu ever mora population.    Ditto
T*t ua put ouraelvo* Into the- pla-eo territory.    Hence, war* of terrHorU!
of -the roUntt claw for the moment j aggrandisement.
and mn what there ia in it for "ua"|    llaooo, colonial expansion!
if "we" win the war,    Uet ua tntppoae i    People, UMUn-ettvely pernoiutying a
Uo the Uernui-ni go to the fame-
roonn! Uo they go to German South
West Africa? No, Uiey are utterly mi*
patrkittc, they do not go to thone colonic* that ihelr government haa uo
oarefully provided for them. Tlio ipv*
eminent han done llu beat, lt haa
wrought long and well to get colon lea,
The Imperial Chancellor, Hohenlowe,
tried to ne: colonlm to emulate Ger*
many'* great rival, Great Britain, and
utterly failed.
Here ta what the government has
done for the good people, here la what
they have spitted blood for, In -order
that German emigrants atay under the
German flag, and thua make the Ger-
mtn capitalist claaa glad by the fact
that the good men and women would
not leave their benevolent away:
Toitftlnnd—;i:t,«p.si -square mile* men;
population. 1.000.000.
The i;.im»«ro<!ii*~l!U.07i Miunn* mil
en area; population, 1,300,000.
German Bottth-Weat Africa—322,3«H
ifiuare mtlM area, itopiikttloiUiO.-M),
Exactly the sarnie thing would result if Germany happened to conquer
territory, unless that territory ware
vacant. And there la no vacant ter
riiory in Europe. The personifying
of a nation ls a dangerous thing to
do. It lends to dire reaulta. It haa
made many good men bite tlw dust.
And it ts a pure psychological] error.
When the (Morocco crisis waa on—
tliat Is, one of the numerous Morocco
crises, one of the numerous war wares
tihat were excuses for the super-Social-
let detaon-stratlona—the Germain papers veto perfectly frank about tt.
They had no delusion about it They
said thut other countries had colonies,
and why should not tbe Fatherland
imve Morocco, as France -had Tunis
and Algeria. There wais nothing to It
but the plulneat kind of cupidity for
n personified nation, wanting to have
certain "things," As an aftent-houKh;
they apoke of getting rid of surplus
population In-—well, (hey dtd not say
in Morocco; If they had thought of
where they weru goln-u to get rid of
that population, they would have men
Ute stupidity of the thing, but tbey
never thought more than their original
thought
Why Germany Armed
That In the re-aeon that Germany
armed Tlmt Is the reanon tint the
wealth n( that great nation waa use I
<■» build -murder boxes, to arm itv»
Rood -mm for bloody wm. That Is
'he reat-ou that Germany haa ctrr'ed
n -thlp on !ta ihmilde-r* for ttnytn-n
year*—to net something, to do some-
ilil; a, thnt r. moment'* thought w-u.l
ahow to be a wtupld Wt of fooJIi:»n**».
"i'i'rmniij' ** meaning the R^a*. |h»w-
ei hack of lhe government, i luiifljd
he grr-it woplre into thia, the ite tt*
fut war lt» all hlatory, very linfi»*j for
That Is your ruling claas today, yes-
terday and forever. Brutal, greedy
blood-thirsty—and ignorant.
fThe working elaas ot J&urope ia today upon the ci-osb because the master clase haa not intelligence enough to
read up on freshmen economics-!—N.Y.
Call.
chyTGlam.
SOCIALISTS CALL FOR PEACE
AND DISARMAMENT
i-lM!* asik*ji. |*»palilio», 5*,-SO0,W^.
:    Ofrman Sew Golnea- "Area, im.tm
oifmto mittm: population, nwtfitto,
>    Mend* in Padfbv- Area t.<HM *nmr*
|iif?!."*; populaMoiJ, ttt,tt*i<l.
^    Tho»# nro tb* main coloul-m   There
;ar* also nom** tm-sller one«, Also the(o.e n -roej,
M*t'*l><<i<wlk«»*M<a<*>4
Weighing Words*
An Advertbing Expert my, "Tht man who
weirh* hia wm^-n %nv* what he -mean* nm! no
more, it the one who gets a reputation for tolltMtjr
In hit community, Advtrtitm ttwiM rtmerebtr
this. Exaggeration it futile—it doet not convince.
Aside from the morality of the matter, It does not
pay to intuit the intelligence or stretch tiie end*
nitty of your public. Oct a reputation for truthful advertising, **i*l people will go a long way out
of their road to do huthtett with yoa,'*
itaod advice tnd tortunitely followed hy nearly all our local admtitcrt.
-1
SAFETY AFTER  EXPLOSION
The following query and answer ap*
peared recently in a set of examination
papers published by the Science.and
Art of Mining.
Q.—If at the moment of an explosion
you were with a number of workmen in
distant part of the mine not reached
by the destructive force of the explosion, or by after damp, what steps
would you take for the safety of your
party?,
A.—ln tbe first place, get the men together aa quickly as possible, use your
Judgment and explain to the men the
steps .vou intend to take. Have full
control over them, that la, sup^r-vtae
them and ask them to have conflflanee
In you so that everything may work
out with the best of harmony tnd nip*
Idlty. as no time Is to be lost In the
socond place, knowing thtt you tro
situated at* n distant part of the mine,
you would be well acquainted with the
district and the course of ventilation;
nlso knowing that probably (and practically In almost every explosion) the
force ot tbe explosion travel* against
the air current, therefore, If that state*
ment is to be relied upon, It ia possible for such an occurrence to take
place in this oaae.
l*t us assume that, as w* are In t
distant part of the mine, tho force of
the explosion does not reach ut, therefore, the enemy we have to fight
SRBlnst will be after-damp. It bas
been proved ever tnd over again that
more live* are lost by rason of the
after-damp than tbronrh the destructive toreo of the explosion itself, The
-queatlon now la, bow to k*.«p thia deadly and poleonous afterdamp from
rfnc%l»g «if. An *« bav* already en-
th? teb ot garrisoning forel*a po.n%'P'»l«*'J. w» time la to b* loat. hanee
without the pk*a«ir» of tho proftt of a!all capable person* ahould do their
sun tooekrr. HometMnt thai a fre«.h-1 utmost to retreat together to the re-
man »t,iiKU or political *ct«ico »ou:d|tnrTt airway, Ity ao doing it may he
li.ivi*-   -liowii the ridteiilotianes* of In possible to lt**v In front of the poieon*
om afterdamp.     Aatta, by ntreat-
-.-',*      I,,      ...  ,*i...,*. .•,**■*,
COPENHAGEN, via London, Jan- 2$.
—iThree resolutions were passed- unanimously at the closing session In Copenhagen today of the conference of Socialists of neutral countries, which
opened here Sunday.
The flrat resolution declaree lit to be
the'duty of all Sociali&ts to work for
ia ' spefedy declaration of; pelaoe* * -the
terms of -which shall provide a basis
for international disarmariuemt; it also
calls upon thi; International -Bootellst
Bdreau at Berne to convoke » meeting of all Socialist partita at,the be-
ginning of peace negotiations to take
an advisary part therein.
The'Becond resolutions proposes tnat
all Socialist parties of neutral conn-
tries urge their respective govern-
m'edts to consider the possibility of.
offering .mediation to the belligerents,
with the- view of lasting pe*©*-. - The
third protest agalnat the arneet of five
members of the Ruasian Duma,"-who
met to draft a report from the present
conference. Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Holland have bean- rOpreeent-
ed at iMn conference by four delegate*
each, land Italy by one. No delegates
attended from the United' Biota* and
Switzerland.
r§at*sMartHeTonta*^»rw^Bd"Tr
resolution protesting . agalnat Germany's "violation of Belgium's, right*"
and calling upon all Socialist puttee
to labor to bring the war to a epecdy
end. .   '       •-.-*-■
Shiloh
Tb* funllr rtmedv for Cou
■XoaM dew.   tnwll bottl*.
iht and   ....	
iatt clnee WQ
Herman   Bast-Afrtea—Area  S«,0T!>|#oii*(h,nR that la utterly allly, mnt*
■Miti. :'i*i-, ,„':,', metnly add ti thtm
D
0 0
O you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many *cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
l.ll,:.
V
ll-i'S I
■ tn-^mn-^-bt-
Vn
J"
' n* *»«(••. tint wl-,-  iri'l  *rr* V' en-Win■''
1 \ :r.«, !,t:i2"f,*2fl M|i*iar*f milt*, with a popn-' what lo •!« ic< ettrirji Itaelf. .At 1ei
tttitm of t; 0*1 Hot      Tho fset that! tm .tblnka the working ehta.
] theae hulk fitttrea do not a*r*t» exactly! •    *
| j with th* total* of the detail flgnrwi oft   tlwt 1* om thing,
,,.,.*, t« «        <
. h*       * it ,** *V    *»~) .'■%.   kb-Mta    *»w*j»*^    jf'myb*      ***%*%** t^teotybktomb %tm.#in-**miii **+'*-**      b ***».. *M-*« * '*   ^'Of »n. .«
we ent-HwatM hy the government, anil j (or more tad ever more teffitory tn
Ui* (Militate of the bulk need not en-'the Wand beyond the tea. mflUom ef
ae;ly jib with Hm- totals of the other i men have laid d-owa their Uvea.   And
TsMhn. f the mo»t tntelltgent of the colonlxtiig
.Vow let es study the flturwe In thejiv»iloo»-"^tlflnd~ha» finally learned
••«bt af the tnm thet tlm tlermon i wtont to do. She has mad* her -rmt-
iifitmpk* art now aimed aad figMlag in J ante* independent nspokUea, HU* Oa»-|lwa«d aad what yon Intend doing, that 11
t-bm itt^tb Wr i-be ae#r««f}of.. nmms '»•*•. Mr* Analraffa. V#w Xealand. aii^ithe* met watte* ttril twwaldar th«f|
]r«!«*r thUifa, of <'o»e«i»r«; fn t&e lit ht! Hontti AfWoa, wtth ^WMJrtujt bm aOev-lwrtommeiea ef the potftiea, tnd tak
of tha fact tkat nor* than tmm der morflenent (paU%y Ike hoase com* Jthwaa te he ctreftl and to ehey in
Imany wmt ea the veft* nt war wtthjtryi to Wad her le her bbMton, tmt lottton,
rrawee mm Morocco, tm* ttm  mtylVb* ItrKft* oa^ulMs have «&«*foe4e    m Mi the piny to mttlt up ihelr
ymetmtt by mmmt ntntm ot the- *9»*\Mmtmtmtom «gaMMt Mar ttMr fiealeMwUMi aad aoetrtls vtth artkelee well
hm'1-at* et toth ewswfrteM. ^Par (treat Rrtata itt free trade earflaatawted with ttm eoalnts ef ttelr
tint tmlv
*tn« before the deadly nntmy nttnr-]
Idamp, hat we lire In tope ef eetne(
Itmob air cominc to tttat vs. trasUngl
the matter of j that the management has heen thle to |
.„-.*,.   „.,,*,   ♦•»,,   r***t \     Ottntittt,   "t :
■■".-*. ■     .
ttt,
The following point* ma> be of
aome interest:—
dl Get all the pernoas in the ito-
thet together it qnlekiy tt posaibte.
m Rtpteit to theee what has htp-
If you want really high
class orintiner-the kind
we alwayb produce-try
us with your next order
" *i
m
msm.
The District Ledger
"QXthUVr PRINTERS
Phone Am,   :•:   Ferni^ B. C.
*(*(**■* ^
i.* ^i ( THE DlfflCMCja?. LEDOEE, FERNIE,   B. C, JANUARY 30,1915
Page SEVEN
><?
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc,
CURLING
Rocks and Brooms
Best'quality only
Snowshoes
In great variety
J, D, QUAIL
Hardware  and  Furniture
•Phone 37
the
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A. Macnell S, Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
FERNIE
B. C.
*■. C. Laws
Alax. I. Raher
LA WE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
• a
.,    Try our Cambridge Saua-
ages for tomorrow's, break-
. fast.
'""-1
CAM. OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66 Wood 8treet
FERNIE. B. C.
Played Football Before
Trenches Christmas Day
Letter Received From Vancouver Man
Tells How British and Germans
Made Truce
"—*** l.~9^m^-
We Are Ready to Scratch
iff you* bill any item of lumber, not
found juat aB we represented.   Tbere
ts no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
Wbeu you xaiit spruce we do not
«end you hemlock. When you buy.
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
tot of culls. Tbuse wbo buy once from
ua always come again. - Those wbo
-have not yet made our acqualntanse
are taking chances.they wouldn't on-
jauateiuJf_they^oushLJhfllr_1unibfli.
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
■ —■ Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   8hlngtes,  8ash  and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldlnge,
. Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE ANO YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite 0, N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Tbat the stories told of fraternizing among Briitish'-and Germans' in- the
trenches a-t Christmas bad  considerable fo-u-n-datio-n in fact is shown in a
letter,  duly initialed   by   the   censor,
-received by -Mr.  Thomas Clinton, of
Rlevemth -AvenueIteast, from bis brother, who is serving as rifleman -with a
m'achine gun section.      According to
Mr. Clinton, not oniy did the men -meet
in   tlie  no /man's  land   between   the
tmen-ohes, but the officers also  foregathered.      Exchanges  of Christmas
trees for tea and- cocoa took place, but
Oerman suspicion compelled the British -to drink some of their own beverage before /the "enemy" would .touch
it.    Altogether the letter is a delightful human document.   It is as follow.-;:
"Just a line to let you know -ahat
sort of a Christmas  we had iu the
trenches.     It was rather interesting,
taking it all round, and was more enjoyable than we expected.,   To start
off,   about  4.30   p.m.   Christmas   Eve
we heard music aud discovered the
-Hermans Mad a band in their trench.
It, was quite nice till our artillery took
it into their beads that thero wasn't
enough drum  about It, iso they sent
over a couple of shells -plunk in the
centre of them, and as they were high'
explos-lves   you   can   guess   whalt  became of that band.     We were expecting .to be -attacked that night, as -their
idea is the better the day the better
the deed, so wheu it got dark we were
surprised to-see the top of their (trench
lit up with lamps hanging from, email
trees, so we thought they wanted to be"
lieaceful, so we passed a few remarks,
and oue of -the boys went over to theiir
lines and they gave bim a tree hit up,
which he brought, back with Mm.     A
fine sight that I  shall  never forget
was just after this.     Tbey.shone    a
powerful -searchlight between the two
lines ami two of our officers went out
half way to meet two German officers
who  were also approaching.      Botli
lines of trenches were lined with men,
and you ought to have beard the cheer
that went up when tbe officers met
and shook bands and exchanged cigars
and -souvenirs,  with  the  searchlight
playling on 'them and the ground nil
covered with frost.
 The""B5yr"Tarn '     '
"After about half an hour's talking
tbe officials shook bands and came
back, and tben it was tlie -boys turn,
and you ought to liave seen us swarm
! over and meet the other ebaps as they
! came over to meet us. They Were a
{young looking lot. all boys, but I sup
pose they are no different to us, as a
lot of our boys were very young. We
were plea-sed to see .what sort of men
.we were each fighting against. We
took theni out aopie tea -and cocoa,
but we had to drink a drop first before they would touch it, and they
gave- us little boxes of cigairs and
cigarettes. lain keeping a couple of
cigars for Charlie.
Christmas Truce
"Hetween us we agreed not to fire
any more -till afrer midnight "Christinas Day, and we ananged for a game
of football the next day. We finished
up tha't evening with a few songs.
Christmas Day camp and we popped
over the top of the -trench and wished
(hem the usual greetings, which they
returned. We went out on the front
to have a game of football, but their
colcnel wouldn't let them play, so we
had a game of our own. After a bit
we got called In, while tliey sent a
party cut to bury tlieir dead tliat had
fallen in m recent attack. We also
took advantage to search the ruined
farms behind us and get in a good supply of wood to last us for a week, so
we have no fear of anyone getting
sniped lor a few days getting wood.
As for water, we have a spring, and
a-lso ii couple of pumps, so we shan't
run short of water. Well, we enjoyed
ourselves for the rest of the day, hut
when midnight came, «way on the
right we heard the same old rain of
bullets striking the ground, but they
nnun!ned quiet in front of us so we
did not lire till next tl-ay. Thej- had
wounded one Of our ofllceis so we bad
to get our own back and sniped four
of them over, so we were satisfied.
We also gave tbem a ball out -of the
maxim last might. Don't know if it
did any damage.''
(Shortly -after Christmas cable dis-
patches appeared In the Press stating
thnt the event* chronicled -above had
actually taken place, and now they are
corroborated by those who 'participated therein. It may be Incidentally remarked that the military authorities at
Berlin are reported to have Issued
strict Instructions against a repetition
of tli-ese exchanges of courtesies, Very
probably the reason therefore is the
fear -that -if the spirit of camaraderie
be allowed >to grow*, instead of two
days'-.the truce might be prolonged Indefinitely.     Looking at the situation
-been ca*used,by the steam splitting up
the material, thus allowing -the fine to
circulate or break out elsewhere, The
men then dig out the burning matter,
fill it into iron tubs, and send It out
cf the pit, It should be kept wet.
Cases have occurred where it has fired
in the tubs. To limit the possible
effects on -them -tho men should only
work in short shifts. The provision
of a set of rescue apparatus near at
band would be advisable; it is always
better to be ready for any unforeseen
occurrence. Other methods " are,
building stoppings as before and letting the gases produced by the fire itself serve to extinguish it; also pumping .inert gases out of the seat of the
fire after the stoppings have been
around it. Carbon dioxide and nitrogen are the gases used. Another method— generally* a last resort when the
fire has assumed larger dimensions-—
is to flood the seam with water.—The
Science'and Art of Mining.
We pay the shoemaker because if
he -should quit work we wouldn't have
any shoes. But why do we pa-j the
landlord?
-The op-tffm&t sees the doughnut and
t'he -pessimist sees the -hole, probably
because th-e optimist knows he's going
to get the doughnut and the pessimist
knows he's going to get the hole.
What diffrence does it make to the
worker whether good men or bad men
pay him the market price for his labor, if the -market price for his labor
isn't enough .to pay the market price -;f
the food?
A writer says "Tlife Socialists seem
to thSnk they can make the working
class rich by casting a certain kind
of baillot." Well, the non-Socialists
have made the working class poor by
casting a certain kind of ballot.
A capitalist exchange argues; "War
kills off Socialists; therefore, their
strength In Germany is being reduced."
That was -the argument of the Caesars
when tlK*y killed Christians; but it
didn't work out in actualities.
Capitalism's labors consist of three
things: Robbing the worker; killing
the woiker; making restate promises.
The
Meaning
"Value"
of
tfi* Socialist Analysis
By H. Mayo Bartholomew
Tf6m~a~plaln» every day common sense
lewpolnt It does seem paradoxical that
men who have n.ever seen each other
—liemce have no personal animosity—
us* every efforts to''slay each other,
Yot.-wh-en they do uteet tn social Inter
coupf-e, only the best of fellowship pre
vails.—Ed.)
A thorough knowledge and understanding of what the word "value"
nifians is necessary io any logical and
complete analysis of modern capitalism.
The true Socialist is essentially a
scientist. He bases his analysis upon
known facts^.and e.\er keeps in mind
he law of causation. Above all he
hap a definite purpose; an intelligent
ideal; a noble aim.
And so he approaches the social cancer of poverty wiih a view to its cure,
and immediately seeks a cause. Xo
cause, no effect.
This diagnosis depends upon economic reasoning; and ln that economic
reasoning a conception of value occupies an important position.
Thus It is tlra: these articles are devoted to an analysis of "value," and au
examination of the existing social order in the light of that analysis.
The Meaning of "Wealth."
A nation's wealth is essentially in
ac: uniulai-Ica   of   useful commodities.
|"j+iflii^r57_ciOth5sr~nS3tl"
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
The Work of Marx
And it is just there that Karl .Marx
renders his great service to economic
science. He takes the problem of
value at tbe point at which it is left'
by orthodoxy, and leads us. by invincible logic, to a clear, complete solution.
He .s-howe us that labor, per se, has
uo value. Labor constitutes value
only when embodied In useful commodities. Labor as labor has no more
value than weight as weight.
Xote the words, "useful commodities."   They are essential.
Labor has, and only can nave, value
when embodied in useful, socially necessary commodities. When engaged in
digging holes In the ground, and then
flliling the same, engenders uo value.
But if their labor be expended in such
useful articles aa bread, or boots, oi
books, then their labor is the sole basis
and measure.of the value of such commodities.
Value In Exchange.
So that we KXOW that the value ol
any article Is determined by tlio quantum of human labor power eni'iodW
In it. 	
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at S o'clock In K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. iMcXicholas,
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, al 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble   Grand—A.   Biggs
It.  Sec—Sister Price
ANCIENT ORDER OF
. FORESTERS
.Meet at Aieho's Hall Second and third .Mondays iu
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie,  Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. In their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, J. Coombe
K of S.. D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Maddison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets  every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
^4. meets in the K. P. Hall
■.•..-.a.i an.! fiiiirth Friday of
<i ach month at 8 p. m.
•A1KS. J- BltOOKS, W. M.
w. (MR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Fridav evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
it, CRIOIITON. W. M.
J. SHILLING, llec Sec.
GOB FIRES
TTOttgllBrpehsr
books, pictures, horse* and similar useful articles compose a nation's wealth.
Tliis wealth is tlie result of tbe application of human lnbor power to land.
i Labor and taiul are the .essentials in
I the production of wealth. As Sir .Wil-
| Ham Petty well and truly nald: "The
i earth-Ib the mother and labor the. fatta-
j er of all wealth."
Hy what measure is this wealth, *.o
', pre:! need,  vwluwl?
■    The ant-wer is slven iu i,o umrriain
exactly similar. Vet A bas worked
with old-fashioned tools; without the
aid of machinery; whilst B has em-	
Thus far -do classical economists ta'«p
uur—and no further. But Karl Marx
saw tbat this definition was loose, and
indeed incomplete. He asked: "What
labor constitutes value?" It was the
fundamental question; but one carefully avoided by orthodoxy.
The reason for tliis avoidance If. simple and clear. For this point, so fundamental,, Involves abstract Invest!;; i-
tlon; and it is Ibis abstract investigation which moat people dislike.
Tlie average man  dislike* ■tliem-i's
Dry Goods, Groceries, boots,And
Shoes, (rents' Hirnlshlnai
BAKER
BRANCH  AT
AVENUE
HOSMER,  B.C.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar mi|»plied with  Uie  lieut Wines
Liquora nnd Oigttt-v
OININO .ROOM   IN  CONNKOTION
W KILLS,
Pnp
■m*vnor*,*,**,<n«i« lv*t**,,,„
Uwiiimti, ,••».
Fsaks j, riu.M.v Buk't,i*:,IU ll-al Ik M tralia
wrluf ,4 tlw Iim i.f I I, futslt * -llw, wK|
mmm* in ta* my or T«-f4«. Ctuwtr awl ntat*
tftwt-wM. nml 'ni %w ttm mm mr ttt* em *'
• \K IH'Mlttim  111.t.i -Ml* ttm taitt mt ■****?
«*-.»• * cimioiii ifc,t ct-MM* i«* emn*r v**am*t
n.9.9 .-***** vie.
tiitvic r nivMrv.
tttntttt -ffl VifVf HV mtUt mtTttmi-WQ ■ Hi pmRinit
-«• Mft .ttjr el Iwcrmbrr. A. I». tutS
,99~. a, m, omuiiu.v
; «vn J N.-»»in Pi Mir
IW» CM If * H.-Y in Ukrtl It-Mf-Mlr M.4 Sfk
nurtOt <•»«»' I * '• «'J »'<m tnmma* mrtttt* al Iks
tam. fn* it*,it**r.t.,i9. O.9.
l* t nu \r\ A m.T<-w4» <i
,«*' tm an tm*tam*. ttr.
inn .im	
run, t m* im ,****m*im*-
Femie-Fort SteBle
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottlid Boots i Spwiilty
|    At a meeting of the Cnstlttford and
j District .Mining Students' Association
ion the 10th ult, Mr. J. S. Butler aub-
i mltted a paper on "Gob Fires: Prom
j Causa to Cure."     Having mentioned
(bat the chief cause of nob fires Is
spontaneous combustion, lie »>ald that
to have a fire h-aat must be fteheratod,
ahd for a substance to heat spontaneously   It  must   (ll   uwlew)   some
change either within Itself or by con-j
taot'wlth other *ub«tHneo«;  (21 this)
chan** must produce heat;  (3) thial
boat must be produced quicker than'
'the aubatanco loaas hrat to the substance* surroundiOK ll.     The chlof
change undergone by the substances
In th* goaf art* thnt thoy como Into
contact with tho air which haa pane*
ii trated Into the *oaf, and the osyw»n
In tho air unites with the contbaatlblo
material,   producing   or   generating
heat; this pro<\>a>t is called oxidation.
Apart from thia 'there ia tbe oxidation of -iron pyrites or iron sulphate
them or put them out afterward*. All
combustible material such as timber,
slack and coaly material Should he
removed from tlie goaf and when the
aeam Is belnjt worked out only incombustible material tiliould bc used fur
slowing purpose*. Thoroughly airtight packs are recommended, the most
efficient and most modern being secured by hydraulic stowage or the water
Kvntem of psckliiK,   By thia system
I tones by all economists of note. AlljMIul ,',,nnjli „e ,joea nol r,,aj,zt. l!llt
are agreed that quantity of labor con-j.,:wtraa investigation is the for<-niM*i-
ctltutea value.      In oilier words, ih*,„ cf aIi ,iraKn.SK.     Tn to, ;(jPaiK arP
: amount of labor unbodied In any ct.n.-j ^ v,„;oiil( or unpractical dreamer*,
modlty determines its value, - H(. Uoe, ,„„ :il„,n,(.|a,(, th„ fc^, ttl!tt ;il!
I*, Says Adam Smith | advance is thi* .Inevitable product of
"The rial prk-u of eveiyUilng. what, thought and study.
ployed tbe most modern tools and machinery. So that it has expended only
half the quantum of labor as bas A.
Xow here are two guns; both exactly
alike; yet one contains In Itself tho -oni-
b-odint-etit of twice the quantum of taber
of tbe other. By what utandard of
value .must the.-**- guns bc meacaired?
We havo seen that the guns are
| made so al!kt> that it is impossible to
IpII the one from '.ftp othBr. And tbeir
valid* In exchange Is rKurtly the aanif.
lion- is this? If iurtMdual labor
measured their cfXChanKc-valui. tlie gun
iiiadf* by A would lie worth twice the
-sua prcduc«-;i hy It. Hut individual I.t-
bo;- Is not tin* nicnsiir-f of value. No?
Tin- uic.iMtirc of vaiiii* is not the f|iiau-
tliy rf la Imi* iMu!n.t!!«il !n tin* nun-.* by
I pvcr.vthlnp. really cosiu to the man who
, wants to acquire lt, is the toil and
i trouble of acquiring it. What every-
; thing la really worth to Um- man who
has acquired It, and who wants to dis*
pow of It, or cNchuiiK- It for noincthing
i»lm», in (lie toll and trouble which it
-ran impose on otlur people    It
tl* pack* noun form a solid coni-rato,,, „atHia| x<ni wh9l j„ nmMy lhP pro-
Ditiaa through which air i-aimot filter. ,(H,t, of two ila>.u^ m. Uo hmVtl't ubw
Anctlier method of alr-tlaht ptickin^ ,vo„l(, lw worlh (ini,bit, of w]m ,t „,.
is to build the packs of ordinary mater*; m}ly ^ lirof,()(,f, of 01.(J ll)iv.s w om,
and plaster the side* with puddled  >mn'n^ \ti\tory
cltliir A or II as icdiviiltijils: hut rar!.-
But Knrl Max knew the vitluc of ali-ii>r tlus swa-ral wit "a.! cast In »lii*pC^ mi-
rtfflrt 'lnvt'stlgiitioii, and <lid not ^liirkuial liiiiiiairlibor power of■ producing **
lh*- ivsuc jaimlhir riiii.
What labor constitutes values?"    |    Here thi-ii is a cone!/*-*, logical »<j1ii*
In his c |M)cbbook, "IH* Kapital," In*i tion of our qiieatbni.
mown us that labor hns two sides,    It;    Karl Marx Hlwwa-u* that the vulue'
is riuaJllntivf and quantlHitivi', i of any rnnimodlty 1* ileU'nnitwd by th*»
The >\i uith ul uny < v;uiuunli.>. as Iiii.*, i|ii;iutiii|i «f ^linjift-, xtMji.il laitnan liber
List of Locals District 18
Ull
clay, Themis nlso the wax-puddling
in- (hod, nml lu Huiith B.uffoi'dshire
the coal Is worked on the ifonel system.;
In the latter the royalty Is divided Into
n sarlea or panel* or districts or thi-,
•.into area, nnd each panel la separated from the others by a solid barrier
of coal. These barrier* tire in mom
rairea faced with day or alr-tlght ma*
which produces heat and split* up thejterlal; In the event of a fire occurring
f< il. oiiimlna up fieitli »url«ni» of pxi*
datlon. Heat ia also produced by t'ae
friction setting up owing to tbe raof
it tan lie t-onlined to one pantd. Some
mining engineers advocate airing the
goaf by a regular system of  nndi
itnjamin Franklin   ,
(at* »'ven Karl .Marx lilmwlf pohtfs out i j
tells tm: i
Trirle in gi neral beiua notbitig leu
iin* cxchttitge of labor for labor, thei
v ilile nf all lhliie« is mont Ju>th ni-n*
"tired by labor."
Oavid Ricardo ,
.-hIiijiin nnd eta borates Adam Hmfth's-
d'enim      1U> ttty*'
Uei'ti Mild, U an ac-iHiiiiiilaUoii nl unt*-
ful <iiiiiuw*.:;;it'h.     In ii>>  producUon
nf ih'* mans of ttM ful art!cl«ix it Is ob-
vli-iis V:i: different *<iii»lii;«*s o{ libor-jol' h** vil:n>   n
pow«r ar«> fiapend*-il.     Although aiiy|otlnr iin'. If t'
imiiImiiIh-1 in thtn nrtii-b'.     If It** «:f
such labor lw I-1I-hot!Utl In %\-y artir'e
ii  bi'cormx, (iSiM-r tliln*.'* heliv* i^iusl,
evehowi',     On, th*
■ i|u,'iiiiuut iif almpli*
«o cuiiiaHMlitli'S, aa> p-vtin aud piuuHlis.iaceiu.  liiimjm lai.ur einbodk-t In anv
i!" beth Inciiniatioiis of labor, yet this; uh.n i'»:iin.-<!U>   ht*  in*tr«*!«(d, th«"i.
I» i.i •■iiM'iitlally. j, t\\„, th?iii--i
' 'b, r, Hiti* i.mSiodl-i-
Msiirii'ihc qunlity.
A'l tliin lw *".i«p!«* and clear.
Hut * hit of lhe i|U.itiliiiliw ht'-'e -1
latitir.
Take t vo atjrliiiii-ii cua.igid in -lie
lirodncl)!-') of *<nii h uspful coinmodib
mm a Kim.     lift* tlu* iiiihlity Ot :'H' I.l
'i'u
i!
ullng down undor *r«ry iroat vrvn- i erosalng each other. The mods serve
mure, also the grinding action thus in* j to keep tb% gonr cool, and make it
curred. Aa Iho roof aettlei down tkejeaslor to locate a fire or cut off tbe
ttory treat preawmf, alwi tha grinding ■ supply of air from any *iv«u point In
artlon thus in«ifm*J.   An the roof aet* the goaf.
ties down the heat already protluc«d It!   In the event of a lire having brohfti
la a atill smalkir apM*.   If h *** m*   nm in a worklug -liatrlct tbe twivti
•To emxlnte ourselvea (ba; Cils Ui^ ,, ^mn, ihewmi-.'
she ri-al  foundation ot **%r'mw>-i<.il*     Whew th* mmm at* HuMied iti».»
v.tlufc, !**t n» sup,Kisf   any   impruv*v 	
mi*nt lo Ue mad*' In the miMn-* vt '
.t'irblging hbtr in »ny mn- nf th«' lari
out prort««-f*» ihrc-uah mlilcii Hit* it*
n.l'oii musi pans b.'for«« the minufm   tj$0'i
iur.-l su'ckings iunit* in 'In- nik
1 !■» lw excbiMigwt f"" nthfr tiltii;'; ->n
•nt»t*i'i'# tb» ettt*:". •AhVi   iitl f I".
mai. the cie-rangi'-
v.-iliif nf «mli .i i ji..;iu tliy I* intr*"ii%-
wl.
In -ii'.nr" vvw.-li*. a • -t',on'» *'cs*l;h
'■* ih riecMiiiiii'ii'nn --' 't *■ 'nt ^'^."*^^^1:<•\■A',
!»•»; -ucli Ciiiiiniodll!'*ii aie iint«rltt!
liii'.iritatlniiM uf ijiiaulldt-M of latic-r In
v-ttrioiitt *hape(*; ind llittlr v«lo*i nt*
m-i'Kxiired, not by ■fii-Mim-lr**, but In
*»lie »i»n !lii«t     H"»»|«'r«i l'iirlf**f
sible to ventilate tfce 40a. n s,i;d Im] not moot lettMbit. ure-eaution <**,.ni.i i*.,",.".
I.e.1 product within thom eouM i.;to eltbLTTt^ZZm t!*1" *m"mn ^rw,„>,d .ocu.thv,
No.
tt
»*.
nr,
\UZ
•l*
t»f
mi
it i<4**
mt
HSf.
t>ti
IW
mt
iiw
tttt
mt
wt
tm
tm
I (HI
Namt »tc. and P, O. Adtfrtn
BMiMwud. V. Whaatlty. Uaakb^, Alt*.
„**..-, *****...,,,.,,,.*. **amnmt**i, ******* *,tmn, tw ruicoer. aim.
''l*.11|-, ill . . ,  -lii.IVI*--  J.'-l-.-.lr,   lh\*  ,"t,  J*Wi!»**-»l*A'*v '4''ii*.
Maii*»«ir«>.............. Wm Artkft, IHalrMorn, Alts
mntmlo, „.*.,,*„. „,, *,. .* *.. *. T„ tt„ ttnttton,, rnonomiOt, Awa>
Carbo»dale........ I. MMokefl. Oaitewdftto, Cotaaaaa, Alt*.
t>nm«fe Mleimot Watrtft, Ca^mort, AHa.
*'-m.v»>iUn ■ ■-......■■.....■*. *w*^-«*t-»i>t. >.m%a<i4«t. ,Um»
Cortrta .,..•..-..,.,.,•• It. uavMttt (Uorohit 0,C,
Cktoook Mlww. ....... P. iwaattoa, Chinook Mlnea, Commerew, Alt.
Pttmtn...,.,,.. Tho* tsmtm. fotnto, n, c.
Wttmb. - -.. ........... ftraa' Morgan, Frank, AIM.
HUlenot.........,......Mack Stigler, Hllicraat, All*
liamnin  I. Moore, It5t ***** mremm, .< iMbbeltt*
imMtttm <Mtimlm....rmiJniiorrimboxm,Voblbotm Alt*.
Wili* iMif.  T It tlnrriam Vnmthntt Attn
Mk*ol.... ........... IU(*ar« Bmrt, Mldbtl, E C.
r***no#*ntooo*no*oooHm nMilffMv IWrni mmm*
■umotommmm. iimmuximi nammt,- -ii^eiBeswww.
*tbtm ..I,...J**, tloimbm, ixaoitft. wta* ttmby ttmmntn
nwWWi   -MlWfflv,
dlsper-trd or Ariv*n away, tl* result
aide
' ihe riw i-otlun. or If fewi«i *,i'U*r* ■*»■,•*
* employed in navlantlns thi* •*«■>,
'Ing-* »'oi*»;! \tit \ I ilil- fill ... v.»;»i . ,.;tt|
-n.risimikl )«»«» of <ib..-- fliisia* T^*-}
■mill tail. In 1.ni-1  - i* »» mum*!, ul
; lnbor man ii*Kr«i»r> t» t;»elr |ir«Hl.ic-.
, 'i,'i',., -imi *<*uUl tbri-fT. i'«* t *.< tiutnt Ut; ■
.!
wi s... »u*t Irom MMieh ili-v
of the onldstfoa would be thi* mm* n*\§\%iu, (it tj„ un. ,ut, mUlim u* iii^
aha* oftldatton tmtntn on the aurfaew,»«afe ali^i. roRimuniiAif th* c<.n»i
and no rirea woald take place. In thofttomi to the management and undoavur
mine, however, the heat w*n*rnt*<t "to lanir tite fiat uf tbt* flr*. Th-wi
cannot be carried nwny, hot is eonfln-jtreps mti».f hv 'nki-i *m t\tUi,:lt» nil ih
e«l 10 the goal, and hor* It la aubjeet j air from this goaf, by bnlMIng sall.h.
I *,* *mnf ■ntat******  ****lr.i* i**,,,,.,-- *,%.    *-■    *
.. *..*,.* 4««,-^i4  mil9r,.yi,**fr.9
io*rntert* tt* rla*    xmib ** tn*im*x** titty,. •  *,,,.*  (1iri,     ,  iUWi* .„,,,,„„„.,„,_
tempe-wtnre m«f* Mr will pemMrtte»^4 ,cf putting ott. Ihtt li#v i« to dig
throagh the brwik*, fissures, et*„ lnto|u M*     Ts do »b»* * ausnwur m+m*o
tihe goal.    A* tnetVM* *» ramperatar*. 1 la driven Into the gogf.    Thfa mny or
iherafore. meane an Inerwae in oilda   may not find the fire, and H ii often
tl*ri. **»«♦ to tbt* atar Irea-Hiie net* *****
bottim at* earrled on until tlw lg«l4t» tain to ihe left or right or keepj« bwaiMd of mrn. then one fe tb* e»t !
Hon point la rmeb*4.    It la w*t*r»!lf airalght on.    The way to deHde this Und gut* Ot the othfr. no*, if by!
eaiveried that If air -can eaterf tk* goaf, (a to h*te three bar* of % inch l«m j re»#on of new an-t mow *ai»v m'.r.es a i
the air or the gaa«« prodaoed fro« itjand aii fee: in kngth     Tkiat*
within the goaf oan -wsenpe.
g»s»a will mingle with tk* air
itnmrn a'.«K> «rt lb* «e«»! in *bltb tit*lttnnnoo4 temttrr*M*neampomt, tktla Iwahel a* !c •». Mme at tlr* ahl'-f
fire ta' »lt«»t*d. and -nm it ttmmtnt 1 enad l* eonifnit**t in tbe i!.'<*i'*<*««t trmttiii**,.~-,, •j'l.-ii.i. ,,j,9,■.-.,* ^i.a..-. 1
j'*»> li*e .*et»»«> Ox the »'.*ow ttr** -alf.* whirh tb* tw/tm? bur aaa witbitnnii.     And tbm m* rnith', i-WBtieae ia ttttl
Another ledlcatsoo of keatlng la tkwr tytt*n mm than one haadlag tn drive* ewtwat eotmomUn. *4 fib    I -mmtt l*,»
+nm%Uon~ 01 th* pnrb wall* «a tha Wi#« tiie mw j* mnt-nt* it w tim etade J. 9 ttm, bnt I Imrmt him by"
Mura tide of tk* ga»r. eith-er satarated «Wb nitm et pat mt «*   THay all tmrm mtl tli* fMmtvm
Mr. Ihilkr polbt* oat lk*t tf Umm Iwbb aand*.     Mr m»t*r rmtmr* mm*, at tn-bar «-*m>a»le* i* any temm*4,t->
titan mn k* prevented at a aatall eeatlke*—a* * water etym oroam tnbtrtma imermfmt ffa evufunjg ■nU-i.    V,y
■} « wm a* -defter t^-n narfnf tt rtm\to 'b* it rata, ahd he **>• Hi** b**a Umm tboy ■#»*,
trt
m
a wmiMer *in«*mMit t,t fh-rvue »hi^e*« '" -
iM. mtitem 11.    I we. «jta*k aa worb nbridawient nf Hb-^r bn* -
■>«-«*ti muae.
Sir William Fatty
•*i,'Si *':',} r-;i,;tttj,t„ . ,
If a man <-au bring ta lxn don :*:* j
ounce wf tdlvatf tm' *tt ih* *^*tnn H* ♦*-•*• -
*   ,*.'.'-'..*,'. rt»»-.w.  -,» ..a*,.-,*  #w**m*  m ia» tmmrn itme itwf he mn prwtnret
to tarn to ihe lelt or right or keep)* hntttei ot mm. tfeen eae fe tbe aai-
^1
!    t ,
M*J»a» von get two oaaeea of attter ,**{
fb*mJ rammed lato the m»t en either abtelmaAly nn formerly he did on*, iiwj
oa tkt.aad alao in fnitii when tb#r are witb f rom «■!?? b,  .u ,**t,.*x\, -• ».*»-;•. *'.i,'i.',-.u ,
The Right Time.
Tl.*. .*^..*9 *.*>**9 -»*<-* *nm*M imikn u->*iiMi«ia on Ul*
family » whtn they are at hont*, •ml lit* right
way to reach them is through th* advertising
columns of the paper that go*s into th* homes.
There ar* other methods of advertising thtt enjoy • certain transitory popularity, because they
art new or novel, but th* oMe#t, •mnmi unit mmt
successful advertisers tk their faith to th* horn*
rtewsfwipef When f**t*j*U are way Iron, thtlr
homes, there are a thousand things to divert their
attention, but an advertisement read in the quiet
of th* family cue I* will be read and remembered.
* ntftrW-f , -   •€{,-■     -*T,*Z
•,.•,•   ,**•!-'! *■*>*.•-&,*-      -T
;,--•   ;,     [)'i-*k**S-    ,   ■
?m
f-crT?-
TfOTjr-
r^r^",-'"'-'''*rt7*K'f
.   '- .*:   *  •**.
1  *Z,ttT~**V
yt^t t^t -^f..? ,-
1 I
Page EIGHT
•iT*W|
THE DIBTBICT LEDQEB, FEBMIE,  B C, JANTJABY 80,1918
i)^y Goods Dept.
COZY COMFORTERS
Full sized and extra well filled; nicely covered
in art sateen aud chintz.    Regular, $2.50 -and $2.75.
Saturday Special — .-. $1.95
BLANKET SPECIAL
In a good, heavy quality. Co-nies in brown oniy.
We have only a limited quantity of these, so come
curly and get yours.
Saturday Special ■.'.-...  $1.10 pair
BOYS' AND GIRLS' HEAVY STOCKINGS
Made from a good quality yarn. These are all
'wool and extra wat'in finish. Just the thing for
school wear.     Sizes f> to 10.
Saturday Special ........    .... 30c. pair
WOOL SCARVES AND TOQUES
A special bargain taible piled high with these.
Regular up to 50c.
Saturday Special 25c
^mem^^emmmt-nnnn^mmim^i^m^tmmm^L^.^mmmo^^^mmmmmmmmmimom*mommmi^mmmmmmmmHmmmmmmmm
SNOW SHOES AND MOCCASINS AT GREATLY
REDUCED PRICES
Men's Buckskin Moceasins, low cut; regular primi
$1.50 pair.
Special ............. v  ...... $1.25 pair
Men's High Cut'Buckskin Moecasins; regular
price. $2.00 pair.
Special        .. $1.60 pair
Men's Iligfh Cut Ho-rsehide Moccasins, waterproof; regular price $2.25.
Special .....  $1.85 pair
Ladies', Buckskin Moc<iasin«, with fancy toe; regular $1.50 pair. ,,    ' .
Special •...,'—,....'  $1.25 pair
Boys' Plain Buck Moceasins; regular value, $1.25
Special ...........  .......':. $1.00 pair
Our MeyCs Wear Department is /ull
qf Good Money Saving Opportunities
»* «WVSAA(VS
In Every line of heavy wool-goods
we offer you exceptional inducements
Men's all wool mack clothing less
20 per cent
Mens heavy wool sweaters less
20 per cent
Men's heavy wool sox less 20p. c.
Mens heavy wool lined leather
mitts less 33| per cent
Men's heavy wool mitts less 20 p. c.
Now is the right time to buy wool
goods, before the big advance takes
j>lace. All next years wool goods will
be from 25 to 35 per cent higher
Specials
GROCERY SPECIALS
Slab Fruit Cake, per lb. \ .    .30
Rabin Hood Porridge Oats, per pkg     »25
Robin Hood Cream bf Wheat, 3 pkgs 25
Heinz Baked Beans, large size 25
Evaporated Peaches, 10 lb. boxes     $1.25
Evaporated Peaches, 2 lb. box 25
Golden Dates, 2 lbs : 25
Sherriff's Jelly Powder, 4 pkgs 25
Assorted Toilet Soap, 8 bars for     .25
Lyle's English Syrup, 2 tins 35
Braid's Best Tea, per lb., bulk 45
Riley's English Toffee, per lb. • 35
White Pine Cough Mixture, per bottle 15
I
Snow Shoes
Ladies' Snow Shoes. 12 x 40; regular $4.00
Special $3.25 pair
Misses' Snow Shoes, 10 x 36; regular $3.50
Special $2.75 pair
Men's Snow Shoes, 12x 42; regular $4.50
Special   $3.60 pair
Men's Snow Shoes, 14 x 42; regular $5.25
Special   $4.25 pair
Men's Snow Shoes, 12 x 60; regular, $7.00
Special ,. $6.50 pair
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Fresh Killed Chicken, per lb '     .25
Fresh Smoked Shoulder Ham, per lb .14
Fresh Smoked Hams, per lb 18
Fresh Smoked Bacon, per lb 21
Frozen Halibut, per lb   12V£
Frozen Herrings, per lb   10
Frozen Mackerel, per lb     .15
Frozen Salmon, per lb <■ 16
Smoked Bloaters, per lb.,  10
Smoked Kippers, per lb     -12Vi
Cooking Eggs, 3 doz  1.00
t
Salt Herring, 3 lbs . 25
Cooking Butter, 2 lbs : 55
/i
A
The Store of
Quality
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
Money Saving Prices .
^
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
JOHN
LOUGHRAN
"COME8
FORWARD."
tCaatlaaed (rom Pane One)
era -came out the sailors would refuee
to carry coal from other countries,
aad it thoy did) carry It, the railway
men would rafu-ae to haul or d-e-llver It.
Tthe •result -w-ou-ld be Industrial, paraly*
ala and a social revolution -.miens the
government loterraied. Besides at
Che present time the Federation haa
a-bout 20 diwwt representatives In the
British Parliament, mostly avow-eJ So-
oiaJ-lsta, and -although that may not
count for much In the estimation of the
Socialist Party of Canada, yet they
are an -acqulaWon to the labor movement
liut ktt ua nee tor u .moment how
federation, even In a small way, effects
strike*. About 12 yearn una the Cum-
borlond uro uitnara Joined Uio Foik-m-
tion ot MaatfurnactwKm and' kindred
trade*, -and aoon atter a Btrlke took
place at two of Uie Lonsdale mlnen.
owing to the -encroachments of .Lord
LoiUMklo (wlwi, Uy Uu- way, la a inlnla-
tare 3 l». ltoMiofeller. with thia difference, that wbll* "Hia lordship" !■ looked upon aa a sooi2 sportsman. J. O.
Uke* to vote an a Minimi* phllaaUirop*
Ml.   Mow-ever, whim the strike had
years ago," I must remind hint that
the countries mtent-loned never did aim-
algataate, and that What I aald was,
"these countries Joined- the British
Federation." But wo are not going to
split hairs or quarrel over dates-, lt
la sufficient for my purpose to aay
that they did Join the federation within the paat 20 years. I must also remind my friend that there la a wide
difference betweenHwo or more unions
fed-cratlng and the same number of
unions amalgamating. For instance
when tiny number of union* amalgamate they forfeit their Individ-t^Mes,
all their capital Is mixed, blended or
banked In one oomon fund, and for all
purposes the)-, become one amaJgaima-
tion, governed and controlled by the
nainu ituiua-se-men-t. Out when tin:
same number of union's federate each
retains Its own individuality and con-
ahd other committees, auditors and de-1 grows whiskers he. ls too old for a relegates to various functions, but they I sponsible position.   I aan -prepared to
are all -electa! by and chosen- from the
delegates and others preaent at the
conference, and seeing the cream- of
the district as a rule are attending the
conference, the chances are :':it x".:a
-best men in the district, and those
moat capable for the varloua offices,
wd-11 be elected to fl-M thein. But while
the annual conference elects aome of-
flores, and re-elects others, any local
may, nice Ute recall against any district
officer who fails to give satisfaction
between conferences. And the charge
or charge* agalnat the officer, together with the officer^ explanation, would
bo considered by the executive committee, and tx referendum vote, wMeh
would be equal to a vote of confidence,
taken on the matter at looal mee-tlnw.
If the vote of confidence went a«aln«
trols Its own fund*, but they all eon-jth* officer, then an election would be
tribute towards the federation accord-; declare!, but the new candidate would
lug t» their membership; they are re- be chosen from amongst thote wt» at-
presented on ita counolls and they are • teuded the laat annual conference, and
all united, allied and leagued together j would, as a rule, be nominated on thc
for common purposes.   Therefore, the promotion principle, such aa t'he vice-
system of tolerating is much simpler! president being nominated for Ureal*
and more convenient than that of am- j dent,  ete.      Both Candidates would
a-'wimattn*. ■ then arrange to address   the   locals
Hut let ui return to Uie syatem of jtHhnr separately or boUi travelMng to*
ototli* offker*.   AM loaa offltwaare j fteUwr, M might he agreed upon, an<l
dmmriwt ita ttenry way for mme wwks 1 eUnml at tin* first locnl turnings held i addroaalng tbe ikiy shift In the eveiMng i in the Durham miners Aasodatlon;
ilia Uwlahip <»nihfwi*nd*d'lo meet a|!n January of each year.     The staff i»«<*l tbe eventntt ««d night aiwfi iiwii . thrw» ytmra lotal aeenrtaryj live.yeaia
ttt meeUngs In the forenoon. dlitrtct -secretary, and aeven years pre-
ad-mit, however, that men reared on
thia continent, with ita bracing aiunos-
phere, which spurs young men on to
activities and excesses almost unknown in mtlder an-d -more temperate
climates, grows old sooner than in
aome of the old countries-. For instance, in la-st week's Ledger, page 4,
(January 23rd) wp read where (Torn
Burt, secretary foV the Northumberland Miners' Association-, announces
his Intention of resigning at tho age
78 years. Mr. Burt haa been re-elected continuously for 43 yeara, and was
elected as member of ParMaonent for
Morpeth, his native town, 40 yeara ago.
On that oooaalon .moat of the -trade
unionist* of the North of England
contributed one shilling (equal to 24
cMitsl each towaMa Ms ele-eMon ex-
\\ei\een, and he ha» retained- -Wa seat
ever tinee. I lis lumbers contributed
two centa each por month toward! hia
extienaea. But there are over a doren
labor leaders In Great Britain, with
whom I was pcnromiHy acquainted,
who have held office for upwards of
80 years. Although the writer waa
fir. years laat November, and has tmmx
connected with trade unloolsra atoce a
boy, Including ten yeart membership
"Oh wad some power the gif t-le gl'e us
To <see oursel'a as others see us!
It wad fna many a blunder free us
And foolish notloni"
And if this little debate will enable
us to see ourselves through other people's binoculars, Ht might be the means
of making ua wore tolerant, and leas
apt to think that -wo alone know everything worth knowing, for, after all is
mid there wil abHl remain many things
that we never dreamt of In our philosophy.
Yours traly,
JOHN LOUGHRAN.
Beaver Mines, Alk.
Unt-entiyer nttiieir inclines towatd
'convpubniy" feudal benevolent*--for
the central government to force industrial opera-tore to treat their employee fairly. The fault that to found
wti-h moet "InteKectuals" la that, while
they recognize prevailing oppressive
methods of control, they will <not recognise that there ls pending a momentous change In the attitude of the
people toward private control,—Wyiom*
liif Labor Journal.
A ligfrt stomach giveth Hgbt ooyniel
deputation In hia *)»fi<•«». \V»iinbav««ii,i generally *on»i»ta of prudent, vice*
and did ao along with Wa mtiw* mtiiu-j president, awretary, troaaurer and de
ger.     Your huraWe, as president, of i legate.     The latter la considered to'many advantages over Uie aywumt of | *•« ttmtn aagood In maay reapwts now
tlm tafemtlon, aeirompanled the dcpu-lbe the moat Important office, and aa! ronducUng ^lections   In   IHttrlK IS mbetM 2« years aito.    Of course h*
eatton, and afl-w some preliminaries, I a rule Uie delegate la at the same time * whore the rtectiona ara heW annually i *«*W m»t be ..» useful In a aprlftt
Hts Ixirdahip told ua that his -manage <«ltinr aecretary or prenident of tin* ,md whew the <>an itdat*** nominau'd
mant waa be^ag eaiiH«*d a lot of trouble: U**\. aen-nrally tha president.     Ills \ iijfainat old district officer* belong oc-
by the a#tatorw who w«re -rontteete'l j-.!iiti<<« .in* to attend all < oiifi-reiM'** or j caalonaHy to Isolated locals, aad may
with thw miners union, and li* wlabwll
im to uttdtiratand that If the men o*r*\
nol* Hallafl*".! with thc prli'e* offwed.;
his agiwtu mttli und **pl<■:»l> <»f mm j
to ffll th«!r phKM**.     I tlif n remlndi*) |
kiffl   *t**i  'U',*  mSmlt   'it*.*'„iii£.*\   U>  lli-t. ,
>Vd#««w«« nf llUatfurha-1-
Mndrw} tri*-s. and that. If
niw.in«* whtre hia local* r»«tnirea re*
lirwientiiig, and to accompany aH dc-
^ut.-itiona or commltteca wli-*!!  it  t*
tlii < win r.>   Su lllfi't tin* lll.ili-<li,i. iln lit.
A* i i »i»4* every union boldi lw an-
-....ji'. t,y.A: -.;.-'.: -*V:'it 'h*- et-1 'A. ¥:•'-
s;i*:r,   anil' miry '-r - 4rly It; U'-xrtb, mi tbl# gtv-*»
he m«>n on \xk* ne*»y fortnwi Ixi-ala tim* to pre-
VIVID PICTURE OP LABOR
ILLS SY UNTERMYER
It was a viivid picture that wa» drawn
of th* ■owi'^'fon of labor by eaipMal
by Attorney Samuel UMerooyer, Conner
corporation -counne'. In Ma address before the Federal Commission on In*
duatriat Relations In Htm York, iMon*
t*n<y of this week. Deekiriiif that the
United SUtes was a full generation bo-
Mnd European atatea In provMIng aaf a*
guarding and protective le«islatkm for
the workers, Untermyer called attrition to th* need of Htm to curb the
power «f concentrated weofHh.
"Oi course the eonc«Mraiilun- ol
wealth works against the worker."
Mid Unternyer. in reply to a question
by Welsh. "Labor 1km «U tbe worst
of H tn its fight to get IU due. The
workera, of twuree, ntsde ihelr great
irror when they -silently aci»leacM«l
In the fonmatlon of Irom.
"llie effect of concentrated wealth
ta, of tmrm, demonalislMt. *W»e <<•*•>
pot&n position liken by extreme**
w**li3»y e*apJoyaia tn refualtig to arW-
tratn labor troubles it a bom examplt
to the coaotry.  Hut i think them ta
Mill   *tJ&p^V#fB#!!t   III  #*ftWwltwS1til        CVMP'
'•■aa hlrhly ni*^t««4 with the -photo-1 ront'aaa e*n,« ito what tbey uts* fof
; »sr..|.ii». Ami .1 i.nuah not an ait otitii.»do, tbmttk ttm i^Hittona sboM'#ii(hl«l '
Under capltaUam a majority of ua
spend -moat of our ttme getting ready
for old age and- deatn. Under Booia-i-
Ism we mill put in all our time lust
living.
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
HOUSE Foil RB^—flour rooms;
West Fernie:  Apply, A. Luke, Boa til'.
FOR SAMS CIIBAP—Two pair heavy
Bob Sleighs, practically hew. Apply,
S. Graham, co.. Tbe 41 Matt Market,
Fernlo.
ORGAN FOR SALB—Cheap.     Apply, 66, Chlpman Avenue, Annex.
TO BR «>U> OHKAt*—A nuwbar of
table* and kitchen chain. Apply,
ledger Offloe.
AOCOUNTANT WANTB POeiTlOM
—■Kxperienced and thoroughly reliable
accountant with knowledge of lam*
ber, steel and brick -gad printing industries, seeks situation In Paaa or K.
Kootenay. Engaged for laat six yeara
v;lth big firm at roast. Apply Lodger
Office,, or write A. M. Jnd-d, co.
Messrs. Couglan * Co., World Bids.
Vancouver.
•Thia astern,   in   my   opinion,   Iws j »^ent of an Impurtant federation, yet
rue, or at other thing* t$at could be
mentioned.
Although I feel my letter Is already
too long, I do hope Hit editor wlii per*
mit nt to aasure Brother Dave, wtoan
hn ntyn "i »turpr.4y trust our brother
will not mlT'onstnit the ai«i*t«ra»'r<' af
the photograph* ot tht siKtoa-sful of*
tXttr* in tnnt.  wt-eb'e Itntter." thai  I
Mrilro wt>r* w-piarinl th« fcrr.ir* m»-n
Would r«-fuse U Jnudt'.' :h" otn. Afl-*r
!ii^((jw(n« a tonic mlntitci) tt'lth j>f*v
and eontempt nptm wu*, he askMl if
>.U»       ««•   9*     ...,M,. «     «■■ ,"-i ■-    —If,     -i
(MtK rf-aohiticm* arl i»»licf btwineai
!•!(' n if ' f->r the rr'tfi-ri'-""!' T-c f|r*rt
!*c/n rn lir -.tftMi'.-* fnr i-n-ry iiiirm.it
: oot**r*'if-T. '* tb* i-l-iCm <»f rtlatrirt
Lo unknown outside their natlvu towns
or -campn.
Kur!-h*r, when th»- off|i*r# aw el«t-
tnl by U»»> anna*) tonfanw* the *%•
pens* ef elections art saved to tht Ills-
trf*'.. as'l *^ » ml* *.h* m-tmb^r* *'1!
%-t't b*tur vain* by way -af aa-rvt*-*,
*<WI*- t'.i* offtce-rs will fk-ei mow Sa-
.^p#ni!*nt in th* ejeeutlewi of their j»*« « *»* m prtvllwte lo scrutinite j |y io fight tht labor
ofliii* *nt1ca fh:in tf rtir)' hnd m np*
(Hit f» th#» membcra lnd!ii<ht,i';ly on
ete-ft'on dfliy*.     For. if all we btar be
wall, id
All
i\    *i'..
U*-r ihfU
ftttti'itye
TV aan try i»«*n nt the tnrt,^* * w*w"
th**li rvii*.*rtri.**H *.<* t'» t'p '■*'•: ainttton*'
Kh.^9*^^.    -,,'^W..     *.*,.     ..-.^,t.   ..... *,*■*• ■   *   .     .".*-   **'   ,
In a few days tb* s'dlnsa tw rhok*:
fd with full cars, whlla' the- furna-wa
ililcf-.i'i'-*  jtri--*-'V.*       T'-.-  r  i'i--!,   1','"
i)*.1.* i* i>liv!wi«.. s-t-elnt th.i*  before n
»"**» Sa el«trd d*l«*Tat# b* *-imt*f h-n\e
«H«tin<miaH«Hl hlmiwlf aa a ttn**1 off!*
,      ,    . , , ,ii ,
i.:* tm*fOib*'r» tf bb it,.' i).   IVrbapt U»-«*
f..»rt that thc t!i»frM otiwrn arc ck#t-
.,***, j.,i ,...
riCTlnal fi*i
Hon*    For
man Is a
som* ItifSn+niial
nom* tt-Afbrntifl ;.h*t«w», l»«la«W«« the      "WhiW wased tMa iw»|»m>T*MW>«»*''
I,m*i itupiwr, n-M'ttrlat and Ubt Apoal- - mtUe-d rhalrman Walsh.
it-a,"'"All*l!aba and tbe r'ar-U-TW-evca," |    "Partly  etpoaaw*  by   miwapsptw
..,..* f»-i......   ft,,r*,^, ■ * *ittmmtw ■nltttnmn*  «*■.,, .»  ,„«,.,.^»„, , **  - ,,t * ***■„,. «„ ,.99.   •*«**
,,*..    .*>,.**,    *,m    t.-T    ,.' "Vtwin thn !•►« " "Ottvot TW'la*,** "WH *-"nwrMl-r ^nr**^rit*ttt**  *att*te*H       k* **t*-\\
otV.i-ir't ehan^ci.' »« „*jj,*-,I«•>*'•»«, ib* ttnrt\ti*m and "The Anfnl*pramtl-fms -rorne wow im* mor* under!
In*t.iii<v* the fact that » «»<>Uct." tmt t am ptffectly Kttiaflcd: ih« eoatRril of Use government. eondi-J
Moose." or a «i#a*t«r el tbnt the l^dacr aroap won Ut toamii,. tiona will ea«ila»t to teprtft."
for whiiat we could twtkt in oottt ol, k ntennrac pntlsed tbt Soviallat pawy
ttsi* n*%r.9 .r***-i*,t -.1 tr**** tr** tA*a*-*r**T ' ♦,.» ««#  f,ei>,»*-.  t-m  *,t.*n.a* n* *%#»  inrftlr.
who was tryina to dou the *«m!Je thai Jars, bat dlstlalnud th* bUt thtt he '*
oriler. that h«* i* a
wew about to atop for om.     When tb«>; * 1 by th* annwai wmferetic* may at**
Mt«ttafT,a>Pt nwna*^ w.i» aw*«wd that  w*w tw ifi»pT*art«w »h»» ii»<»t aw not
tb* gmatry nwi would nH imply the'«I' - :«--«J at **U. bm that '.* .* m:-»tik<-
trnr*. awd *v»» tf ib*r ift?f »h*» fftl*r»
aad chanpra wnmH retot** to b«i»dJ*
*-r in * *i.*it»ii'.i- bar, »*y t*H la bU favor .vin:i>. but ;li«'** 4oiutkl;lofia would
not -rount for much at -n. eonfewn**
wh*w mrn woald W Jadawd fiw»
liiahf r standard o-f ethirs.
mm". Mop m," ytt all lhe cb*rart*'» * * MorSallat
in Hi* tMtrr mr .up are waatint "the ,     x-otwllhiitaadtai its faulis. I believe
a, Mull*- thai aon't tome ott" Ii* %m> enpl-tailalle ayateaa," said ITater-
If fr!«Bd lii.  *inteaiioB wm «:icnl»y*r.   "Th* «W« -vwtrn mmb to fl«-
) of tamim*. if thcr* ar* no rwarrtntioai
i,.,  ... AKt-it'.t ittvuiul).u -..trutatm*4*
Tht* jtKH*-m*ntk>t!*d ar*  aame of he threw down th* «»a»tl*t tt wm to
t:.t  rmittm* wMeh lead mc- to iM.-Mfv*t hi tbe mtmUn-*, *^bi»kiJia he shouM
■ th-At idd ennntry methods of ewndw-fttnt i b* aatlaficd with tlie rsswlt*. tm b*
tit'-,-it,inn nr** trtrf^rsbi* to wfcal w* at* '-.httti «««f«M *x*n b*Ttbd h»s *tpe*4»-
amasieaBftl to b*r*. hat 1 am awam-tlon'*. and wbo ran tell but this rem-
: thai mem et tlw* #31 nm-nm *y»:**m*, * itwttny *M«ft *wdt «ith *Ub>« imm.
the <&itrtti ottleerM be > c*p*eu*ty f&at ef r*tAti»i»g oM awn lit [ ao far m I am cmwtnwl, m»y bt btn*
ts rait***"- ar^* <mf It** mrtrfc wt»*» be' r**m**t^**t m ent*mn*.  *b*a th*r» ar* *^f*-f*> who hav* trowa eld ia tht a*r- \ tie*rt t*a lb* IMatrM.
trmWf imlr* n npomr that Rmtaad.; rm eb*iw»«uanimi any of ttmrn.   Th*! tite et tb* workers, la anewv-1 at trf   flobby Rant was atrttat mbtm ht
ttm  -/***.      %ftt>'  'r'nf''*>i'
4nk) tiiuu*«i-m,mu tbe
tt Whitehaven
tl*d fc*it day.
Wh*a Stoe. fiav* ttM* »»,
tt-- th** l/tfi**
'Atsnager werd
and tb* -strlk* waa a*?-
sv *!",f'*»f» -ii»»!*n*t    »   d'urirt otfleery
',l,i-r* Willi Ik- im ^fj-'ji.W.tlon ttt bit Tf*
. !»-rt*oo, and tt s* r.m iiDrommoti tor a
. .'ri+tuitr' to mm*, and Mt&lher to
My friend, tmt, t&at »tl
aad Wales *awl»»«<at*d :>i|t«affireace also >l*cU th«- fieettttve.'tom^ trho tiellev* tbat when a VHUtpratt-"
! rfalttsm. bnt at a pmeflml sfh-Mt*. It
j will not •art."
* t*f»*»imy»f,wi t-**tahm**d iMMtf tn tt»
*mmmM** et n nynttm t« arhlc-b b*
*■ ^^^,^^w,_ t^^^u   ^^,   ^m,^^^,   ^ta^c^^     lm 9um   im   *.mt.
| pewMtww we mmm wvhp, ia -wa a ^ar
* wUh tW ftml -wf tt^tw* trntbrmn^mml
| p**ew »itrw-i»f*a whm- n»4irii»'*li» thwl lis*
- b*#t aay to proaaoi* Ihja roaditiea It
»|t» t-oMJaw* prepartueaa far om. Om
--mi.:******,*.
BeMateM88*fcMMi
■I

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