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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1919-04-18

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Full Text

VOL.   1    NO. 36
FERNIE, B.C., APRIL 18, 1919
Printed by Union Labor
Diamond Rings, Watches, Jewelry
and Clocks
Come in and see the Aladdin Oil Man-
le Lamps, they give you the best
light at  the  lowest  cost
There is nothing to equal the Brunswick Phonograph for the Summer.
Come  in   and- hear them
C. Loggers Union Is To
Bring Cranbrook Ca
'■Into Supreme Court
Put your money in an established business in
your own town.
Sums as low as $25.00 will" give you a full
share in the establishment.
action they can get what they want.
Come in with the others and get what profit
there is in the food business.   Don't delay,
it to-day.
Incorporated 1907
Those who thought that the "run.
niug out" of Organizer ..McKenzie
from, the camp of tho Ross-Saskatoon
Lumber Co., near Waldo and holding
him up, taking his money and driving
him out of Cranbrook would hold
bade the work of organization anions
the lumberjacks are much mistaken.
It bun been a great boost for the
Loggers Union which has done so
much to improve conditions in the
camps on the coast. That there is
need,for improvement in the*camps
around Cranbrook is evidenced by the
following letter taken from a newspaper which cannot be accused of
having any sympathy for the work,
ers; the Vancouver Sun:
Bditor, Sun: Sir,—Is there any
provincial law in B.C. for the en.
forcement ,of sanitary conditions in
the lumber and construction camps
of the interior? The condition of
some of these camps through the
interior qf, B.O. is most deplorable.
The slave dens of the south in the
early days were palaces in comparison to the conditions of these camps,
A doctor never visits any of the
camps unless he is compelled to,
and when he does visit them all
that he does is leave a little medicine and probably disinfect the
camp. No sanitary inspectors nor
policemen ever visit the camps in
order to enforce the sanitary laws.
During the plague of Spanish influ.
enza men were lying in the camps
by the score without seeing a doctor
or getting any medicine, and the
camps are stiH without medicine.
During the plague people were be.
ing prosecuted in towns and cities
for not wearing masks and.neglecting to observe the regulations oi
health; but the men in the ramps
neither received care nor protection
although the companies -collected
tal and medical attention and the
poil tax of every man that was not
a provincial taxpayer. All of the
other provincial governments are
taHing every means in their power
either to .enforce the present sani.
tary laws of health or passing laws
to make them stricter and more effective.    What is the matter with
. houses as they are called, especially
in wet or.snowy weather when the
men have- to wear two or three
pairs of socks each—it is a fine
healthy place with all of those wet
socks,'shirts and sweaters'hung tip
to-dry and a stove urctil af.
ter midnight and nb proper venti-
lation. Xot oriefcof the camps has
a decent place t'&& a man can wash
his clothes or a|f\ spt to keep them
clean. If the salt1.tary laws are not
strictly and prohuHly put in force
the citizens of B.C. will be face to
face with a ■plague worse than the
tin as soon as miM and hot weather
returns. The flu is not quite han-
ised from our iniast, it may also
brea.k out afresh any time. A far.
mer would have more respect for
, his stock than to keep them in some
of the bu!ik.hou»t;, of this province;
but both the companies and the government seem to Lhink that any den,
of disease and flrh is good enough
for ihe men in the bush and con.
struction camps are steadily grow,
ing from bad'to worse.
Cranbrook, B.C:
From the head-qgarters of the B.C.
Loggers' Union, iiV Cordova St., Vancouver, we learn that the end of the
McKenzie episode at Cranbrook has
not yet arrived, xhe loggers believe
in the observance' »' law and order;
in their own ranks they have had
some difficulty with occasional mem.
hers who in hot temper might advocate rash action and they have em.
phathaMy protested against any policy of sabotage or any breaking of
the law. ..McKcnxi^ observed the law
in Cranbrook. A mob took it upon
themselves to threaten him with vio.
lent treatment if ae did not get out
in two minutes. They-iilso compelled
him to pay over to them money which
to the Loggers' liivion. As a body
neither the rail\v,i7' organizations nor
tho Great War VetanuiB were responsible for this breaking of the law, but
a few individuals One of these
was L, Richardson, hu employee of the
Cranbrook Herald and now secretary
of the G.W.V.A, Vtem him McKenzie
recfivptl   a   recpijn*"'- u   lacsimilo   of
Calgary Trades And
Labor Council Favor
The One Big Union
District 18 Officials Take
Part in Discussion For
and Against
The Trades and Labor Councils of
Calgary, Vancouver and Winnipeg
have gone on record as endorsing the
ONE BEG UNION. A few political
job seekers in Edmonton managed to
keep the trades and labor council of
Edmonton from passing a similar res.
olution and have also succeeded in
getting the Edmonton newspapers out
strongly against the ONE BIG UNION
The mass of the workers in the Ed.'
monton district, however, are for the
new movement heart and soul.
The vote of endorsation given by
the Calgary trades and labor council
followed a lively meeting in which the
chief opponents of the ONE BIG UNION were Alex Ross, M.P.P., and International Board .Member Livett.
In opposing the resolution (accord,
ing to the Calgary Herald) "Livett
stated that he was there to fight the
One Big Union in its present form.
He took that stand because instead
of doing something in the. way of the
upbuilding of industrial organization,
they were simply going to cause dis.
ruption. They were going to take u
vote in the four western provinces on
what they termed the O.B.U. One of
the speakers had stated that the workers in Toronto were asking for a different form of organization. It should
have been the duty of the Western
Conference to have passed a resolu.
tion .* favoring industrial unionism
which could have been carried to the
trades and labor council of Canada
and endeavor to have one solid union
on this side of the line. By adopting
their present resolution instead of sol.
idifyiufe the labor movement they
would have nothing but distention in
Fernie Solid Fop The
One Big Union
The miners of Fernie, members of
Gladstone Local Union have taken thc
vote on the ONE BIG UNION ballot.
The two questions on which they voted ; ures being:
to establish a six-hour wording dsy?
The   vote  showed  overwhelmiiqly
in favor of both propositions, the fig-
were as follows:
Are you In favor of severing your af.
fllations with your present Intimation,
al Craft Union and becoming part of.
One Big Industrial Organization of all j
Are you in favor of a general strike
Total number votes cast, 583
Yes on Question No. 1, 533
Yes for 6 hours, 533
No on Question No. 1, 23
No on C hour day, 34,
Eight Spoiled Ballots.
the B.C. government?   They don't j which  appears  lh.U.v, and  also ob
8eeia; to. tftfiping anything in this
respect at present, The time is J
long past since the sanitary laws
should have been enforced in all of
the camps of B.C. and very strictly,
too. Take .10 or 40 men sleeping in
one of theae dens of filth or bunk-
lO'iied tiin m-co' ■ (^evidence for the
successful proBctiulroii' of a number
cf others. McKeui'io'a statement Is:
"If I break the laws of the land I am
prepared to take the consequences
If others break it they must be prepared likewise," a
Alberta readers of The District Ledger will find it to their
advantage when visiting Fernie to atop at the Northern.  Tbey
will find it coiy and howe-like.
*-■    itxJV.-sAA'    As    A >•     r jtSJ   '
ttrefrown hoiks, ue eontemieir~niar
the "central committee" was an autocratic body, and those who did not
vote in the referendum their votes
would be counted in the affirmative.
It would only he by having one solid
body on the North American continent that they would be able to meet
with success."
Ed Browne, secretary of District
18 of the United Mine Workers of
surprized to hear some of the state,
ments that had h?en mad© at that
meeting. They must not suppose for
one moment that, the movement was
goin; to stay in Western Canada. "I
am prepared to tell you thlB," ho
said, "that the minors ore going to
carry the Q.-TJ.U. by a large majority;
they are sick and tired of tho system
of international unionism ae. it exists
Continuing, .Mr. JJrowno stated that
In ism the miners had a strlko, and
received ST.'.OliO a week from tho in.
ternational union to support them:
but thoy also sont tho coal to beat
iht ni, he added, amid laughter.
An Hour A Bay Is
Taken From Wages
Of Returned Soldier
At the Mines Here
P Llcenie No. 104770                               |!
i High Glass Day and Night Cafe in Connection             1
1 European and American Rotei.        Seo Us for Special Rate* |
JO F|y
1 Phone 39                                    Private Booths           §
Fernie Sporting
Great Clearing Sale
Garden Tools
!    Th« IVj» **-Iftor h.'t« nm -rttviteii un,- '
l(n-i(.,ill iii'ini. from »hiv outsider iitvl ■
j would  liiv-o  iif)'  much  ii" Mnn.-  n<i*.* ■
i would Keml Jn ,i tew liu**» *,t Inter***! '
D.M     ' ■*■■'    iv   '»,'»•   •■ ■•   i,'f,\   ,.   ii .
'hnonter*   in   th«»   fool biff   r-ttue   »!»<*
' Nolle* to Qasabail Pen*
\   There i« Ui Im* a nj*f«tlti« of sill tht
'- boneUklt i.iu* »•*■»( Ti»«;*<l;«y *t>>ntitj( .»'.
it |i.m. at the Uedn*t oftli*<   AH thorn*
ISli **•**■"<<*•* •*> "'"t'1"" ■*'< tnt,i,.*,11 in-
i i«*r
il' !(*>
Superintendent    Caufield
Refu^-ps to Dfams*T!ic
Disregard of British
Columbia's  Eight
Hour Law
In anntii'T <r»!>inini m (old of the
treatment itlu-n tn returned wddierH
mt the eo!i*t by the Creat Northern.
It Im n signed Setter by a *n|<li*>>r. He-
turned Mildler* tn l'Vrtil*i have been
•!X|M<itiiii* differ, nt treiitm-vm nt *he
Jh»,iid« of lh»* bit* f-«tr;»«rai!(.ri hero lies
(i.S.    l'Hlltl'<*|it
Returned Soldiers Quit Job
On G. N* Rather Ihan
i*i - ■ ■
Scab on Chinks
How well the returning soldiers are
being used by great corporations on
thecoast is told In the following inter,
esting letter published in the Vancouver Sim. We publish the letter
without any comment for it well tells
its own story and the reader can read,
ily mako his own deductions.
"Editor, Sun: Sir,—So much has
been said about the treatment meted
out to the returned veterans by the
Great Northern railway, aud so much
has been said to* camouflage the subject that I think that it is up to one
of the men involved to make a cleai
"I was one of the men who were sent
down there by the Comrades of the
Great War. We were told that the pay
was 37 cents an hour, seven days a
week, and" this was confirmed by Mr.
Paquette, the car foreman. Previous
to this, the above organization had
been in correspondence with Mr. Hea.
ly, the general superintendent here,
mul /was  rafei^fid._hi!--hliiL^)„Ui^^te-U4ifi   ,-n.r   fi-.rcwiWt^K--H^rnTnr~tn~pi11W^~
Donough, the general superintendent  that Swede woman to boss us*
at Everett.   Both of them promised     We did not quit at that.   Bvldently
that if returned men would go there; this  annoyed  the Chinese  lovers of
the Chinamen and th-^ir Swed.i t ssoc-
iates. We worked hard do that a
good opinion could be formed of the
returned man, and others couij sec-ire
positions with the company.
Trying to make ourselves valuable
to the car foreman, we were disa.
greeably surprised to be told qii<j day
that we had to. take our orders Irom
the Swede woman. This grated on our
nerves, when we. considered all that
we had suffered for Canada, and for
a moment we were tempted to quit.
In the meantime, iMr. McDonough had
visited the.,city and told the secretary
of the Comrades that ho did not propose to fire the Chinamen until he
saw fit. This again srtuck us hird
after; working as hard as we had done.
The train crews gave us every cour.
tesy. They told us that the can hi'.d
never been in as good shape, and they
assisted us in every way to main
our self-respect. Oo you wonder,
therefore, that we  were angry with
the Chinamen would be displaced and
returned men given the preference.
After negotiations, seven of us went
down there, and found that.the position was all that was represented to
us. Therefore, so far as the organiz.
ation was concerned, their work in the
matter was beyond reproof, and I cannot praWe too highly the officials of
the Comrades of the Great War for
their work. *,,'.•'
Four of us had been up the line in
France. Three had been .*•■ in the
North Sea with alll its attendant
hardships'und battles. Vou ean set-
therefore, thut we can claim to be
genulno returned men. We wanted
to get into a position in civil life
again as quickly as possible and be.
fore our gratuity ran out, Wo knew
that the '.!" cents an hour was not
very iarse, but figured vHth the :!1
days' work in the month we could
make » living. Two of the number
were married, and they were satislled.
When wo reported down there wo
foiiml thnt Chiiumit'ii and Swede women wero employed. We nil know
where the Swedes got off iu this coun.
try with their pro noriuuii nynipatbles
but :ir we dlil tint ktinw very much
about tho car.clcaninK Job we took
advice where we could swuro It, One
day we wen* told hy the *ar foreman
ii r'reiiiii-Cniutiliaii. thai we were as
good uh the Chinutiien. Kvidently ho
roiiHlilereit'this hlt:h pr.ii><>, We .|(>|.
n't. But we found, utter chicking up,
that we wen.' nut only aa guul ith i>i,y
Chinamen employed but that our!
work was better und cleaner winn
compared to lhe sloppy worl; don i by
the company, because only a day or so
after we were told by Mr. I'aquette
that ou.- wages had been cut from 37
cents per hour, to 3L'. This was the
last straw. We quit, and any returned
man who wants to work under the
same conditions is taking the position of making it impossible for the
returned man to lie treated by the big
corporations with respect.
Wo havo done our duty to tbe Km.
jiire. We have done our duty to Canada, and this* Is tho thanks that we
get. Can you wonder, Mr. Editor,
that we look with a doubtful eye on
all the talk that is going around in regard to helping the returned man?
Can you wonder why we are dlsgus.
ted? When we stoop to work with
Chinamen and -Swede woman—people
who Htayert here mid made big money
while we went to tlm war- you cannot
say thut wo are not trying to solve the
vexed question of what to do with
tho idle men who have returned from
the front, and when wc get the reception that wc did. 1 am guru thai
you will sny thnt you cannot wonder
at the unrest that is creeping into fhe
eoiiiiiMiiiii.v, hihI cannot blame us if
an,, linn**.' huppi'iin, To mu it appears
that thc returned soldier in looked ou
a« ii pariah a man who was n fool
to do his bit at the front, and a man
\*,l;»i i« only ciipalibi of the lowest
form of work there Ih in the coininun-
it) u confrere ul Cliiiutuujti, Sweden
and the other rlrf.rnff of Kurope.
4G.tC.ii*;, lute muh liattttUon
lioniueord Uiwiuh. Vancouver,
April, 7. I!)l!».
Sudden Death qf District Organizer Steve Begalli M(\\ AptII IT Ht.-n.' It'Ctlli.
..ri-aiil/er for JHMriet is, r.M,\V, of A,
ill-nil at the Holy Croxn Hoopltnl, Cul,
Kar?' at Hti o'clitc':. Intt nt-Kiil fullnw*
Itijf .nn operation f'>r i":»H »t<in»-i ind
(ippiiHlicltln, Ite wail i j ken ill .it IM
iijufi'iiti iiii Vtf\,i: I.t '.. aiid bri-ii, hi
lo  «*a|i?»ry   (Hid   en»ere»f   the   h;'*«ji'':i!
bltd--   IH   lie I fig   ;.*liip
!<ci! tn (.iMtibrldge fur itiiiTtm-m
iviih tli,* ;v,t i.i„n tomiirr»v\ i ,,„     ,.,    ,    ,   .    ,   ...    ,, .*
"1 »!•-•« »iar'-      V    „.,.r*| *,i   I I'"*"   "le   Imt   t.iat   llie  <..\.   cHiitr
hives a fat ultoul.'t nmve n I 'I* *ltBHs*   .Slm. 'l'*''«!. f/»'»«!» '« HkIujoii .Suiurdny.   Hit
»ti***i   *ft   friM-  *   lit   14 •»   liiHlci   ittt  U**tli*t    W Ml f        e      .m-.*i> *.t    m. t * * i ''"■-«-.'•■..-
h»   .  I.r.- rr.,9,,1 tn **« th<.fa,.u'ia IwHnllon which w«n btin«r«hle men i wf)t „„„,. m ., rn!nf,.,
,..r...i..bH- t., .,.^tiih«hom.tplat,;      ,!;;;?:ti'm mT V" '"'" T.:""""'";  „Mr|t'»'«.''«-f-!».t» »h..v..-i  I,
Lucrosie •<><»•»)< -inre hU r^itirn    tterr-ntlv Uu*!,, *,rl*. r * |*** «*..*."
ielRbl   hour  law   Vt'-leh  ttv   j,  •*..!   t, '■^,;l(l; ,,,,{,,„ ...,.,.;. >ii;tl 1;a . ,„ , 1(
M«nn*«i.r Tom kind of ullped n cog|>",'»r "««*• w**',,  '"♦'» *'"'"  >""1  W-Nit-.i... to Cie |i|frl-i    c r
la*t MnniU>  and imnhciI up the Ijt** j !;,*>"* "*"'* <"Vs.wi>ni *nh lix*' »*ln r v.«.rk,', ■»,,*«  tmerunui.tial  <>r-p,tiy/.-r
crniiii^  prei-Urt*     T«w   t.<  hf.*,i oln«v«»rl th»« taw    Tlio oiher tlmr A-,,,,„.„* xn„ vt, „.,. »„.,-„„.,.,...
tii ii* tn  Hii,,   ua;» iii* ii.n   i4ir urnl!f'" went lu n<i bt* !*•••> .«;;u ..*ui,<i tit
A iuul,
In   »!,
i'tllx  •
' 1;
.iliiliR  Lie linen tit  thu ONK  HP.   ( S-
lO.S' idea lc was uev. ir,! trow Ok ,.iy
full (tl   indiullilpollf, t||<*  |»|-;Jfic(, how.
eter, reti'iitieii hid wrvite iiti-i by way
nf    itppr<'t'lit*itiri    lUiJiii.tli  u It     vol (til
.'uut .ti, n.i !«*;«-.«• ... -.ii *r* ut the lam
tlMf'ii'I   epti-K-nriiill      it,    It'llve.*.*l  tt 'Wife
:Mel .i*.,i .i iltiis.i'-i, iii  UeilibridKe
,-t. .i  i..*i::*iiii *■•„■ u -t.'1'iu-ral inuiritn
i'(iiijil«-*l »Kh ;» tin.Kf |il«ij«E>ittil dl*\Hi*t,
'"" '-■■     ■      *. *'.** it-.ii.innt ttini
n.iiltl r«-!ii!Mv jfi>i>r-t!*«* wi v- at"*! r!,*e to
• •' ,;., y.nius-i a.* '.If*) . m t'urrxt in
•'-: !•''! nl hi.» i,rg:»ii.*ii<it *Mrk. tH
>!■" ^ *r|-.h,:i>i  !;■*  •■', .-!t«lur<- and
".'    l-tud'-   lli'   ll.i;;   '.,  ».„|j()«'l'   hi*   WA*
.nwiv*: *.\l',:i for tiii) ti,- iiiiirti iii it ay
«ti»i>wi bsu tiiiecr-»*<*.«..   A» an <»r«»i»l*t'f
h«» i»*ii«  r,»* »li» "*,'l  *»•■ *•"'   ••'.'» i
ttith m pttrmt it*** In bit itcitih.
All at cut prices
Tite Duthie CompAtty
nn nnd «■« nrt* neMmt* U, unri Hie'unH! tht- nnve!t\  wear*, off, ;mil Vm,
City Impne »nd pet tho -ground* In we ean net down to tmnln*** again
• j»rn1e -*i d   bm   h("   j*.r»t**f--i   »• :,"■   nn.*
beetied.    lie lank the m;t(ler up with;
lliu   nmttvtnt)   **t   (•imlntwlit;  ",,.:,.m  «u,I,
the secretary went tn Coal Creisi: toj
llitervhnv   M|ni«  Superintendent   t'riu !
han!<i|  ovi-r
a u uuao oa a a:aia.ooc oi
j a ci n n a
. M,*.    , ..j-4,,19.,,    M-'itf*.   tAb*.     «t<»^   h%-*-4U/    kil*
Tlie hac-fhal] boyi. art; tit*% tint prac- * ganlufd and • (inml m.M ung 1* being
tlHng In ib.» #tetil!igt nnii it will net *»\1M tor 8ua»l*s eienlng *t « p,m. to
Im long b#fofw n Utnpn* l» ttirm*d ami ilinw tip ■ srhediilt* and to draft rulim
tb* game going In full awing     ri..- nnd mnletlrm* ter the city taafiie.
F.AAC Ji»« n l*al ll** bwrh «f bull At their taut meeting li *»• dniId-Wl lo
player* nlgncd np, anil wiib fie pit. invito Mlcb-tl ta take part in tb«t fVr.
ebtr on tbe bench will ne doubt mat-e, ni<t city 1*an* providing th»>y will
auy  Utiitt tiAtttl ta.  u^v *,w*»i     TV»    »lntd« *n> ihe ml*-*. la»j| down by the.     .«■   ■*■—        . .„ ,_,,
rJkJx.C. bar* nlgmtd m 3.  mtenr. Uapne.   tbnm «tw already aft tuamajOtt th* ontt pay day tbere wtl! prob.,
onr", in.! o* nim*r ti--* >*■•■ if'.-ftM* ,- „;#  \t ,i..u.* ,u*.. L.i-,,4.-. +*.*\ -*tUi»***U> u ** uu.,iU. .'*.*;' . i".^-.      ,
Iwmd nnd Mscagcr Vep Colt on h.i* ,i'iml t'rwk aud Mkbel iiii* *h*mld helmbom arw returned tolf'*^V,Jii'i^j
bMtwnI an l»fl*M tbat b»n*« r**t fait a dandy l*n*xif> \xh* bmr a day do?*** ttom  torn \
not nlm ha« a »««bi*r «f mm j burk |«tat*w*ii» ot »**«•« *« .-o^tM**
tn Bfek from far the, oo^flci'f.   Ml wn     Manager   »?*nf#»   tri.ttmt   nm   bit
bom iw»» I* »b# fr»w»4«   Tm% l* a »i|iwd of «M timer bal! players y*«-
\pmtt*r tbnt *bmM tut- %mdii*d inu at t*nlay aturnott* aot by tbo iura mt It
oni* aa It «r«»M b* far »*«!rr t.» mil la n rlertt thnt ih* eld*r bill pfujvr;;
tm n pmd dlnmmd wh*ti th# gTOtmi!; Intend to mak* th* >«u<»«rr feitowa
H unit • t«v*» at t«j» «t»*«Mf to nny tn fh* run-
| nlng-   Kvi»n Mr Sitildahy waa out an4
Mooptsot tmto ot tb* Itnla  '»«»' tb* way b* bitted (Ml mU pill ntooot
bnaaball   tfib *M»t In a wlr* to tb*|(b« tot would do rradlt to boot* ma
ftp editor aaytng tbat ihn unit ilula ttak*r.
age  In   Wtllam*'  pa>
Mr. Canft-cM ab*Alti«*iy r*nfu-*'«l to di>*. *
in** thn case.    It it* said to be Mr
William* tnteTttirm tn take ih« roi*tt**r*
ap with tb«« C.W.V.A. and «he local M»> ""tlfii-ation of rh«» af*r*ptann
union ii prwp»r«*l to act i.n a joint j A.M.U*. into (hn Initrd Min* UY.rk-?r«
commltt*-!'. a* ttt*tit tn 1   »l   M-ff nebf-m
™* **n"m ™^.2\* 1».2\'2L -tieoaotet  ot   the   A.M.W,   by
Frank ,T  Hav#<n ,,t *b„ V m W
l«'1lanaf»oli«. Mure *f,r vy<*,
Mr. J   It  MrUctilan, »«««>., Amalim-
matwl  Mine  Worfc«-r*, tttntt*  |»nj,
_",'',,, -,-. »..i«tr ih* hum i«!*>»■*' *.t and Hruthtr:
\v nam*. Mnt#rwmonal i-if-cti*l»* board of th*
Nova Scotia Will Be District
26,  U. M. W. of A.
Thit following I* a copy of the offle
of thi
ttvrrrit'i -*.,■
n* No. tit.
li glw* m* grfat pli»iu*iirc to wi»l-
. tnm you Into itiir organiiation *ml to
with for mr «#•»- m*mtt* r* In N'ora
'.•'■* ,i\ ,.*   t  lit,    -tn t I it
I not* yonr retttiwt to ban* Hoard
-if. ■>*».. .     p, -   ;     _i;* _   [)j-^iij,i»i    Ut-wik
titH\i< it tt'iir at yar diHirifi m tb*
!fm<» «h* rh»r?»>r» ate heitiK dlatrtbn*
t-^d 5 rfgrt! \tt adti»e Uiat both Of
«h»»se genth'tit^n *i*s nigaged bt thl*
tim*. bnt a* nom aa they ean too.
t-miently do «o f *b*l) bono tlwm visit
vtmr di*'tte* and .ddrwa* aererxl tQ44t.
mg in '('Ur fit-Id.   If bt all poaalM*.
ft I'crtitfuty WiU uoi tSbtn im**.'*.*.-*** ♦»» '< -*S,**Xm<!k* Mum Vn»rli*ni ot Antmra tm*     .„ ... .     .. w. „„ ,-...*.*,
tb* Mritlib ColtuBbta go**min*nt tn i amomony. Yoar dinriet will b* known I *ball *nd***or to pay a fwraminl Halt
fmmlng the feffstatlon to r<*4ui,«> th* gttnitatlon  Into  tail   ineni*s>*r»bl;>  In  to ynnr Held mm* tlm* dar1n*g Um
PArnlng rai>arStj of th* «*n a»d mi-\mr nnion and dirwt*d tb# ltit*nta. y*ar
tb*r dM aotM u r*dn<ti<>n *at*r into, tional otbrtal* to faan* a dUtrtn rbar.;    With all food *Ub*a, I rvawln.
th* tleerta rmaapl1*d by tb* High r« t.r to >ov gritntinx ym fall dtatrtet        PratenuUly yonra,
td Mriitg Contntfaabm lantomonv   Vowr dJ«trM wtll V^wswb* FRANK J. HAYHS. ftot. rag*. ■-"-•"•  '     -
,-'■■ upi
"'"• *" i ^?S*"*k
Russias' Representative In The Unit-
ed States Negotiates For Opening
Of Commercial Relations
(Prom tlie International Relations Section of the Nation, New York,
April 5)
The documents printed below (1) the letter of L.C.A.K.
Martens. ofib-ial representative in the United States of the People's
Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the .Russian Socialist Federal
Soviet Republic, dated at New York, March 18, which accompanied
ihe submission of his credentials to the Secretary of State; aud (2) a
Memorandum accompanying the letter. A. summary of the Memoranda m was handed to representatives of the press on March 2;\ Mr.
Mortens, by profession an engineer, was for several years the representative in this country of the Demidoft Iron and Steel Works in
Russia. Mr. Nuorteva, the secretary of the Hureau established by
Mr. Martens, was for some time the head of the Finnish Information Bureau at New York, and has also represented the interest.';,
.-.f Die Russian Soviet Government. The temporary offices of the
Hureau are at 299 Broadway, New York.
Hon. Robert Lansing,
Secretary of State,
Washington, D.C.
Sir;   I have the honor to hand you herewith original credentials' of my appointment as representative of the Socialist
Federated Soviet Republic of Russia in the United States, together with an English translation of the same.
I have also the honor to.submit a Memorandum of .the
present political and economic conditions of Soviet "Russia,
based upon information supplied to me by my Government,
and, furthermore, I enclose a translation of the Constitution
of the Federated Sdviet Republic of Russia.
Holding myself entirely at the disposal of the United
States Government for any .additional information or for any
conference, official or unofficial,
I am, Sir, very respectfully yours,
(signed)        L. A. Martens,
Representative in the United States.
S. Nuorteva,
',*•'■ Secretary of the Bureau.
The Rn*«ian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic was established
on vr.e (it). ,}{ November. 1917, by a spontaneous uprising of the toil-
inir mr.^'v of Russia. Its Government, the Council of the People's
Cir..:..'a-ar«-. i* a 0 .vernment controlled by and responsible to a'l
such n.eiub-er-**; of tli- population of Russia as are willing to perform
rueful v..i!3;. ;ihy*5i.--al or mental. Those who, while not being unable
lo xv-i/k -liberate?}' refuse to exercise their productive abilities,
'■h't .=:-)-_': ■!'■'•'' on th* fruits of-the labor of the other people, arc elim-
ins-^i irom;;-ipation in the control of my Government.
as expressed by the Soviet Government. Only in sparsely populated
outlying districts and in such of those districts where our opponents
had access to foreign,military help, has it been possible for them to
maintain any organization and to wrest from the control of Soviet
Russia some territory. Today, after sixteen mouths of existence, the
Russian Soviet Republic finds itself more securely established than
at any previous time.
During the current year the Soviet Government has been particularly successful in retaking vast territories wrested from its control during the preceding months. By February, 1919, the Soviet
troops on the northern front had retaken the eity of Shenkursk and
adjoining territory. On the eastern front they have lost Perm, but
they have regained Pereufa, Ufa, Sterlitamak, Bellbey, Orenburg,
and Uralsk. The railway connection with central Asia is at present
in the hands of the,-Soviet Government. On the southern front they
have taken the railway stations at Pavorino, Alexikovo, Polovaya,
Kalatsk, and Begutehar, which have assured th'em^of a control over
the railways of tliat region, while on the southeastern front the Ukrainian Soviet troops threaten the army of Kraanov from Ggansk
in the rear. In the Ukraine the Soviet troops have acquired Kharkov,
Yekaterinoslav, Poltava, Krementchug, Tehernigov, and" Obrutcli.
In the Baltic provinces and in Lithuania the Soviet power has been
extended to a great part of the territory,formerly occupied by Germans, with the large cities of Minsk, Vilria, Riga, Mitau, Dviusk,
Windau, and others in the control of adherents of the Soviet. /
These last-mentioned successses are largely due to the fact that,
after the evacuation by the German armies of the territories wrested
from Russia during the war, and by the peace treaty of Brest-
Litovsk, which the soviet was forced to sign under duress, the workers in such territories everywhere are rising to support the ideals
and the social order represented by the Soviet Republic.
The resentment, against former ruling classes who did not
hesitate at inviting foreign military help against their own people,
has evinced itself* by an ever-increasing popular support of the Soviet Government, even among such people as at first were either hostile or indifferent to the Soviet rule. Men and women of literary,
or technical training and of other intellectual accomplishments are
now in great numbers rallying to the support of. the Soviet Government, and co-operate with it in all administrative branches. The
peasantry of Russia, the great majority of whom from the very oat-
set were supporting the workers' revolution, have become more
consciously attached to our social system, realizing that in the support of the workers' republic lies the only guarantee for their rcr
main ing in control of the land which they have wrested from their
former oppressors. The economic isolatiou of Russia, which so far
lias prevented  -the Soviet Government from adequately supplying
l'i. ~-'T ['>^t'Tir>on(Titions" those who" a re willipg"To"Tm"PToTtI?
ii&iazE-or. 20 "i number at least 90 per cent of the adult population
k :;<■ „--*?. controlled by the Soviets. All such people have Ml !>->
V-.'^A :'.j\ .-iv:! rights. . "  '
T" - Vim* of citizenship in Russia being industrial and economic
jvi'i.-r "h.»n political, and the social system'bein?-of sneh a natural
\X' --, -ry person r-ngaged in useful social labor is bound to partial-[
:■«:•.- '.'. public affairs, tbe percentage of people directly participating!
:r. ih* rr.<t!iagcmeiH of society in Soviet Russia is higher than has been
t:k- '".'.'•"'• until now a By where in the world.   The Russian Soviet Rt1-
jmblie afford.-, thereby the widest possible field for a real expression |
.'<£ a coiisoiouK popular will.   While the Soviet Government is a Gov-
eir>rii''!i? of the working classes, the. abolition of the exploitation'of
labor and the elimination thereby of class division creates a productive cemnnmity in which all able inhabitants are bound to becomo'
useful workers who liave fall political rights.   My'Governrnent thtn
becomes the expression of fully one hundred per cent of ilia pe:i\iu*.
Tt should also be noted that political rights are granted in Ilussh to
every inhabitant engaged in useful work! though ho be not a citizen
of Russia but only temporarily working there,
The ftussi.-m Socialist Federal Soviet Republic was rapidly nc-
claimed by the vast majorily of tlio laboring peoplo throughout the
former Empiric of Russia. H bus maintained itself in tbe face nf manifold pints and apposition on the purl, of smnll groups of the former
ruling classes, who in many cases enlisted foreign help and who employed the most unscrupulous methods in their fight against the Soviet institution.-*. Yet nowhere in Russia eould such elements of their
own accord organize any noticeable resistance to the popular will,
Tne pMMHTOnrnTTOpreiTiirfrTiTttt^
causing hardship among the peasantry; yet the peasants generally
do not place the blame for this.privation at the door of the Soviet
Government well realizing that it is due to the,deliberate interference in the affairs of the Russian people by hostile groups, and that a
remedy for this privation is not a weakening but a strengthening of
thi* Soviet power. They fully realized—and their experience iu such
ifi.--t:\iK<« where counter-revolutionary forces tenf^oVarily sjiiceeed-
<*.! ia overthrowing Soviet institutions clearly demonstrated it -
that; an overthrow of the Soviet rule, if possible at all, would lead to
the *-*r.iblU*3i8H'zU of "a tryamiieal, reactionary, bloody autocracy.
The remarkable improvement in the internal situation of Soviet
Russia appears from the negotiations which the members of tbe former Constituted Assembly have begun with the Soviet Government.
Repr^entitives of the former Constituent Assembly, »s Tehernov,
Rakitnikov. Sivatitzki, Vplski, Bourevoy. Tchernenkov, 'Autumn*.
all of whom are also members of the Central Committee of the Social
Revolutionary party, recently arrived in Moscow to participate in
a conference' with the Soviet Government with the view of giving
support to our Republic. This conference has led to an understand,
ing whereby these well-known Social Revolutionists and former bit-
tor opponents'have ceasetV their opposition nnd declared themselves
with great emphasis against the Entente intervention in Russia.
An improvement of the Soviet Government's relations with the
elements formerly hostile to it in Russian society is also indicated
by the change in the attitude of the Mensheviki, whose conference
has likewise protested against the Entente intervention.
Thc army of the Russian Soclnllst Federal Soviet Republic lots
been successfully organized and numbers today over a million men.
A^ystem of universal military training has been inaugerated which
steadily supplies the army with reinforcements, with the view of
creating a force numbering by the end of the current year three million men. The forces of the Government are led partly by officers
of the former Russian armies who have proved their allegiance to
the Soviet Government, and partly by,officers developed from tho.
rank and file by the military educational institutions established by
my Government. The Commissariat of War has been successful in
establishing and maintaining a strict discipline within the ranks of
the army—discipline not based od fear of punishment or on docile
submission, but on the ardent conviction of the workers from whose
ranks the army is recruited that it is their privilege as well as their
duty to defend their social achievements against encroachments
from any source. This same conviction of the necessity of the defence of our revolutionary achievements has made it possible for us,
in spite of all economic obstacles, efficiently to organize the production of military supplies.
The Soviet Government inherited a legacy of utter financial
disruption created by four years of war arid a year of revolution.
This state of affairs, and also the necessity of coordinating the financial system of Russia with the new industrial and economic system
represented by my Government, necessitated a complete reorganization of the financial institutions on the basis of common property
rights. This reorganization, which aims at exchanging the money
system for a system representing labor value, js still in the state of
formation; Regardless thereof the Soviet Government, in as far as
financial relations with and obligations to other countries are concerned, is prepared to offer modes of financial transactions suitable
for the financial systems of other countries.
The period up till the establishment of the Soviet Government-
also badly disrupted the machinery for production and distribution.
The Soviet Government inaugerated a system of public control and
ownership of industries. It has actually taken over many important,
branches of industry, and has established the control of the Supreme
Council of National Economy over all industries. Great handicaps
have been faced because of the obstructionist methods of our oppon-
al confusion unavoidably coincident with the gigantic reorganization of the industrial life. In spite of these great handicaps, various
cuts, lack of raw material and machinery, and because of the gener-
branches of industry have been reestablished, even ,w;ith an increase of productive efficiency. Many branches of industry, however,
ial and lack of machinery. The needs of such industries offer a wide
liave not so far been able to recuperate, because of lack of raw mater-
field for business transactions with Russia by other countries.,
The state of railway communications at the outset of the Soviet
regime, was very unsatisfactory, The demands, first of the demobilization of the old army and later of military operations against counter-revolutionary attacks, taxed the capacity of our railways and
left little opportunity for reconstruction work in this field. The Soviet Government during the past year nevertheless has managed to
build and complete the building of about 2,000 versts of new railways.
It has also paid great attention to the construction of other,means*of
communication, such as canals, roads, etc., and is at the present time
planning work .along these lines on a large scale, which will also
I offer great opportunities for foreign trade.
The people of Russia, kept for hundreds of-years away from
sources of popular education, have made it one of the main tasks of
my Government to reorganize the school system with a view to the
greatest possible achievements in tht field of "popular-education."" In
this respect extensive work has been carried on throughout Russia
during the past year. Tens of thousands of'new primary schools,
vocational schools, workers' universities, and lecture courses, especially courses offering agricultural instruction, have been established
and maintained at* great expense on the part of the Soviet Government, and the field of the educational activities has been extended
to include the making of the treasures of the arts and sciences as
easily accessible to the people as possible.
All these efforts, incomplete as they still are, however, have given
the Russian people sufficient evidence of the earnestness of the desire and of the ability of the Soviet Government to fill the needs of
the population, and they lipve largely contributed to the abatement
of opposition. Inasmuch as opposition has ceased in the form of nc
'ive resistance to the Soviet Government, it has become possible to
assuage extraordinary measures such as censorship, martial law,
Much prejudice has heen created against the Soviet Government
by this circulation of false reports about the nature of the institutions and the measures undertaken by Soviet Russia. One of the
most frequent allegations hns been that the rule of the Soviets is
ono of violence and murder. In this connection I want io call your
attention to the following passages in the note sent to the President
of the United States on tho 24th of December, 3918, hy Maxim Jntvin-
off. on behalf of the Soviet Government in Russia.
The chief aim of tho Soviets Is to secure for tho toiling
(By W. J.   Curry in   the Critic,
One evidence of our progress is
the fact that we are losing faith in
Once it was "God's visitation"
or the devil who caused disasters.
Today even the ex-Kaiser is being discredited as the originator
of the late war and social troubles
except by certain "labor leaders"
and defenders of plutocracy. Once
it was believed that revolution
and great events took place
through the direct agency of great
men. In the past there was some
truth in this idea. Today we
know these assertions are due to
ignorance or else to hide the real
cause of war and social distress,
for if events can be attributed to
the capitalistic system of production then the victims of these
troubles would naturally say that
the system must go, and this would
be unprofitable for the class which
benefits through their property
rights. The truth is, however,
there arc in reality no individuals
responsible for the world's, present unrest and poverty. These
are simply the growing pains of
society's childhood, the inflammation and convulsions due to the
processed' cutting our social teeth.
Tho child is burning his fingers,
falling dowhstairs or into the
ditches by the roadside, and will
learn by experience.
Even if we ImVeJieen here many
centuries, yet if we count time by
pj-ogress, '' by heart beats, not by
figures-oil'the dial," we are decidedly youthful. Our struggle
tip from the jungle and the caves
of bur ancestors has been extremely slow as compared with
the swiftness of our pace during
the l$st generation and with that
course now before us.
A few* years ago the late Alfred
"Wallace showed us the marvellous
discoveries and social changes
along material lines of* the last
fifty years,-and he clearly proved
that more material progress was
made in that period than in all
tbe previous ages of man's existence.
Those who can mnemher fifty
'years ago will realize the vast
changes which have taken place in
our modes of living, and working.
The electric curs, the telephone,
electric lights, wireless, the typewriter, tlie   phonograph,   player-
jtiiuRis; iiro~mwi espsiFSmpsrsub^
marines and hundreds of important, inventions now in common use
were half a century ago unheard
of, and the "wise men" of that
day laughed nt the idea of these
tilings just as the wise ones of today laugh at the idea of universal
peace and the abolition of poverty
which the common people intend
Less than half a century aga the
com mon watch was not known,
and otir great-grandfathers lighted fires by striking flint and steel
together just as people did thousands of years ago.
A century ago there wan not
even gas light or kerosene oil, and
yet science slu^ws that main has
been on earth hundreds of thousands of years. This progress is
due to increased understanding of
our surroundings.
The writer forty years ago was
living in a Canadian settlement on
the Atlantic Coast, and remembers
seeing numerous old Hudson Uny
lliiit-lock guns in use. The percussion cap was nlso used, hut thc
breech-loader was unheard of.
Think of the advances in tho art
of scientific mass murder ami th*
(Continued on Vnpn Thro*»
$1,000 Victory Bond
1 HIB IS TO GIVB NOTIOB thrt nun thnm.ntd riders of The
I)i«l,ri'(.«l, UMffrf cai h, Mtint tt (Jullar's worth of «ft a re io. lite
,,i-,*,•„„. *■;,,*.i,,,, nr tb.* fxvt? l*iri ttvuisi
 . QT
n-x (. *\r*x,
.4,1. ,*-»,.«. .« ft* • 1   * »• »,
, I,'     V 9     *»^, 4 *      ,*   . ' . '   * .   i- i pf       ■■    ,    i,      ■* f , ■   , ,'.,,
MllHilMY, Labor Tvmpta, Vnwmtver, Ji. <:,., ami tht? r«c«ijit
il freof wiil be ackn»wkdg#d through The l)i$tri<$ U'dger in
groups of one hundred !»> ^ivo expciw of letter wrising nml
The ''other fellowr" etie willing lu si^eud autlioiio of
dollars to kill out the One Big Union idea. We havfen't
the millions but there nr. a 'ot r - ~i ~*i<**U "*ifrht ^it*"
and the more ruPtl* r* v* ^mre f r * *»'     ^i tf #*n
%3m    MtBm     %#•
V. H.  Mtd'iley, Hetty. Ontrnf   font-
mittif, hfttmr Temp!,* Vancouver,
ii. e.
PuvmmU v.ort    of   TMT!   OVR   ?Sjn
VXION,  Yoa nwsit not tend mo an In-
dUUui.1 rut.Spt hnl *.&u -Jtw.m.iu.ttf.o
rcw!pt through Tho Ulttrtei Le4*«r.
tnr.*th*r with th* nthcrtt et tho Imrtrlt
■ *, ,  . ,.n.,,...,    •    ».       ..
torj- nom! for th* oki nm tonb&'
Y«mi tsothin't Unto aay worry fa to-
turd tn paytw? th* Imprest tm mt
*h"-ri* of th* homi. We nil *%pt*et lo
rotten that. In 4b# e<*a#r*n trom "ti**
other Mbm."
Vour* for THK OKK H!0 VSIOS,
' SLT.*srsSassttsasfc ■W**.i«**'-rt*T.s2tefe»~. .pm
majority of Russian people economic liberty, without whieh
political liberty is of no 'avail to them. Por eight months the
Soviets endeavored to realize their aims by peaceful methods
without resorting to violence, adhering to the abolition of
capital punishment, which abolition had been part of their
programme. It was only when their adversaries, the minority
of, the Russian people, took to terroristic acts against popular
members of the Government and invoked the help of foreign
troops, that the laboring masses were driven to acts of exasperation and gave vent to their wrath and bitter feelings
against their former oppressors. For Allied invasion of Russian territory not only compelled the Soviets against their own
will to militarize the country anew, and to divert their energies and resources so necessary to the economic reconstruction of Russia, exhausted by four years of war, to the defence
of the country, but also cut off the vital source of foodstuffs
and. raw material, exposing the population to most terrible
privation bordering on starvation.
I wish to emphasize that the so-called red terror, wliich is
so grossly exaggerated and misrepresented abroad, was not
the direct outcome and result of Allied intervention.   The Russian workers and peasants fail  to  understand liow foreign
•ountries,. which never dreamed of interfering with Russian
affairs when Czarist barbarism and militarism ruled -supreme,'
*■;'„' and which even supported that regime, feel justified in intervening in Russia now when the working people themselves,
after decades of strenuous struggling and countless sacrifices.
succeeded in taking the power and destiny of their country
into.their own hands, aiming at nothing but their own happiness and international brotherhood, constituting no menace to
ether nations.
In another passage of the same, note Mr. Litvinofi! states as follows':
The best, means for the termination of violence iu'Russia
would be to reach a settlement which would include the with-
>■' rawal of all foreign troops froth Russia, aud the cessation of
direct or indirect assistance to such-"groups in Russia as still
indulge in futile hopes of nn armed revolt against the workers'
Government, but who even themselves would not think of such
a   possibility   if   they   oould   not   reckon on assistance from
The great work of social reconstruction inaugurated by the Soviet Government as the executors of'the people's will has been hampered by the necessity of military defense against opponents,of .our
Republic, and by the. economic isolation of Soviet Russia which has'
been'ene of the weapons of their attacks; together with deliberate
disrupting of our means of communication with important food centres, as well as destruction of food stores: and all this has greatly increased the sufferings of our people.   By tremendous efforts and by
efficient consolidation of all economic means at, its disposal, my Government has been able to stave off the worst features of this situation.  The fact that economic disruption together with starvation and
lack of all the bare necessities of life prevails ns poignantly, and
wnro sn   in_^imh-.pnri£.nf~!j4.fl_^orffler--R«Ssian-^
for some time in the hands of the opponents of our Republic and have
contact with the outside world, clearly testifies that the Soviet rule
is much more capable of insuring means of existence to the people
than any pretenders to tho power in Russia.
In view of all.the above-stated, I venture to say that the Soviet
Government has given all such proofs of stability, permanence, popular support, and constructive ability as ever have been required
from any Government in the world as a basis for political recognition and commercial intercourse. I am confident that the people outside of Russia are becoming as convinced as the Russian people themselves of the futility of efforts to overthrow tbe Soviet Government.
Such efforts lead only to unnecessary bloodshed, and, if succcsssful
in any part of Russia, lead to temporary establishment of bloody, monarchial autocracy which cannot maintain itself, and even the temporary existence of which will lead to bloodshed and misery.
Fully realising that economic prosperity of the world at large
including Soviet Russia, depends on uninterrupted interchange of
products between various countries, and especially with the United
States. The Soviet Government is prepared at once to buy from the
United Statei vast amounts of finished products, on terms of payment fully satisfactory to parties concerned. My Government also
desires to reach an agreement in respect to exports from Russia of
raw material needed by other countries and of which considerable
surpluses exist in Russia. In order to reestablish the economic integrity of Runia and to insure uninterrupted commercial relations,
the Russian workers and peasants, as Mr, Litvinoff stated in the
above-quoted note, "are prepared to po to any length of concession*
as far as the real interests of other countries are concerned,*' of
(Continued from Page Two)
manufacture of cripples and orphans that has taken place since
that date, and then- realize our
The marks of the beast still upon
us ■'
We have... many' evidences that
man it still in his infancy, and of
the long, painful journey we have
taken. We have with us still the
rudiments of a hairy coat. We
wore skins as clothing ages before
we wore caps, and so we have considerable hair left on our pates
while the remains of primitive
body raiment are but rudimentary. It may conflict with the
dignity*of our refined and aristocratic citizens, but any student of
anatomy knows that the remnants
of a cordal appendage or tail is
still* with, us, and with them, also
the now useless muscles with
uhich our brute progenitors moved their ears to sense 'danger
sounds, are to be found. We have
the remains, of (our claws and
'fangs with which our pre-human
fathers and mothers fought over
their prey in the jungles a few
million years ago.
Millions of workers are now
Ittisy making 'substitutes for our
primitive clothing, and tens of
I thousands of dentists are busy
patching or making substitutes for
the teeth whieh nature is now fast
el.imina.tihg. through disease.
Any useless organ or class must
Greatest American  Financial Authority Gives Serious Warning To
Directory of U.M.W.ofA.
for the reaction and prevent it from being disastrous, but to stop it j --•
(2.) The industrial classes in many parts of the world are at
the point of revolution. Insiders well know that the uprising of the \®
masses in Germany was a vital factor in ending the war, and the!is
disturbances in that country are likely to become worse when peace ji
When, our ancestors began to
walk on their hind legs and to use
a club their claws and fangs began
to atrophy, and through our marvellous intellect and conquest of
force and. matter we are now using weapons a million times destructive and deadly than those
r,.s-2d by the fiercest, and most venomous beast's and reptiles'of the
Balurian swamps.. Who will dare
to affirm that we have not made
progress ?-In four short years our
Christian nations have slaughtered in the battle fields and killed
off through famine and pestilence
upward.of twenty million people,
and wounded as many more, and
the directors of these proud exploits are now celebrating: this
glorious victory by wrangling over
(Prom the Babson Statistical Organization     February 25, 1919.)
We are sitting on a keg of powder. It is well enough for prominent men to give out optimistic interviews, but such talk is largely
for effect. The statistics which tliey give may be true, but they don't
tell,the whole story. Fundamental economic conditions are bad and
it is useless to deny it. We'1 should give many reasons for this statement, but shall only mention two basic reasons:
(1.) This composite plot shows clearly that a period of trouble
and depression is ahead.   It cannot be sidetracked.   We can prepare j M
is impossible, lii
of Local
terms are imposed.   ^ know something of the terrible conditions iff 2877
in Russia,; hut little is being told us about the bad industrial condi-nl
tions in Italy, France, Spain, Japan, Holland, and Great Britain
In all these countries strikes are numerous.   On account of jthe law ji
of equal and opposite reaction, things are not as bad in America asjl
in Europe.    The  idea, however,  that  these  convulsions  ean ' take ^h
' ■ ■ < < i ml
place m Lurope without some reaction in America, is probably fool-li
ish.   The United States is destined, to. have great labor troubles im-!|j
less employers immediately adopt different methods.    These trou-!j|
bles will start with the textile industry, the copper industry, or possibly the steel industry.   The coal and electrical industries will also
be affected.   America may see the darkest period of its history in
the coming days.
What does this mean to clients?   It means that business will be
jolted, the earnings of the masses will be cut clown, and tlieir purchasing power will be greatly curtailed.   As people cease to buy,l§j  'KAiii
manufacturers will cease to produce, and manv workers who have lil  '''!")'i
. ■ ) IS* i   il /
not quit voluntarily, will be laid off for lack of orders. J' ^
The vicious cirelifwill again be in evidence. The prices of certain basic commodities, such as steel, copper and other metals, will
continue to decline. There may not be such an extended decline in
the manufactured goods, which so largely enter into the cost of living. Owing through interference with production through industrial unrest, the shortening of hours, and general inefficiency, prices
of manufactured goods may for a while continue relatively high.
During the past years, the influence of the farmers in this country has been mostly on the side of conservatism. When, however,
the trade routes of the world are again freely opened. American farmers are going, to get a decided shock. Wheat will drop to a dollar
a bushel, while corn and other cereals will fall correspondingly
Headquarters, 316 Beveridge Building, Calgary,* Alta.
President, P. M. Christophers,    Vice-President, Alex McFegan,
Blairmore, Alta. Brule, Alta.
Secretary-Treasurer, Ed. Browne
International Board Member, R. Livett
District Board Members
Frank Brindley, Fernie, B.C., Sub. Dist. No. 1
John Brooks, Bellevue, Alta. Sub. Dist. No, 2
Chas. Peacock, Lethbridge, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 3
John Kent,.Wayne, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 5
David Fraser, Brule, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 6
Steve Begalli, District Organizer
District Solicitor, II. Ostlund, Lethbridge, Alta.
21 as
li   1189
I 112G
II 102
\% 2!l*
% 1387
f\ 109S
I !f»(S2
1   174«;
||  2817
,tiiiUjjrratorA'*HfUKi4^ than the
tanner's expenses. This is going to make him ugly, and Socialism
will appear mild compared with some of the propositions whieh farmers will be making a year or two from now. The farmers of the
Western states will unite with the industrial workers of the Eastern cities in attempting most dangerous legislation.
Our Mercantile and Labor Services are constantly advising
clients how to shape their business to prepare for these startling
events. Different lines of industry must use different methods of
insurance. Those who recognize conditions and prepare an outlet
for their people's desires may get by. Those who try to dam the
flood will be washed away. Our government has said so much about
democracy, that thc masses are now determined to have it, and to
have it apply to industry as well as politics. Farsighted employers
and merchants, instead of attempting to block the masses in their
endeavors, will at once get busy to devise means whereby they can
reach their goal without bloodshed and the destruction of property.
A Word on the Building Situation.
As above suggested, the coming industrial unrest must be prepared for and made less harmful. We endorse the Government's
campaign for the stimulation of public works, the building of homes,
and construction of all kinds. Reaction must eome, and the only
hope in the situation is to give the masses as much help as possible,
so that the reaction will not be so severe. Tbe building industry
may become such n buffer. Construction work, both publio and private, should bc encouraged by ei*ery employer.   It is a check to
Fernie. B. C.
Michel, li. C.
Corbin, B. (J.
Coleman, AHa
Carbondale, via Coleman
Blairmore, Alta.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
.Hillcrest.,' Aha.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Federal Mine, Lethbridge
'Coalhurst. Alta." ■
Commerce. Diamond City, Alta.
Taber, Alta.
Bankhead; Alta
Canmore, Alt*.
Nordegg, Alta,
Way he, Alta.
Dniiiihelk'!'.   Alia.
Rosedale. A ita.' ;
Aerial, Alta.
l,)n;iili.ellct. Alta,
Drumheller, -Alta.
Monarch Mine. Alta.
Yellowhead, Coalspur, Alta.
Lovett, Alta.
Oliphant Munson, via Coalspur
Diamond City, Alta.
Mountain Park, Alta.
Mile 22. Coalspur, Alta.
'. Pocahontas. Alta.
Brule! Alui.
Ilumlierstoiie Mine,
Harry Martin
Henry Beard
T. Hagwall
John Johnston
Dan Rogers
Hod McDonald
Evan Morgan
John Brooks
Frank Lotc
Charles Peaenck
Mati l'Vtra>.
i'ercv Speii".'!"
Albert /.ak
Ales. McRo'it'i-is
Frank-Wheat ivy
N. 1). Thachuk
.lames Bcwsher
John K-.-:it
T. P. Thompson
IIv. Smith
\. Parker
J. K. Adams
Robert Parry
,i. P. Mi.n-is
H. Lund
Joseph Orinond
Tom Shannon
Pete Tissino
W. C. Stephens
*L. A. Williams
Mack Stigler
Box 488, Edmonton
Ed. Eastham
Will J. Keen
Chas, Taylor
W, <•!. Bourrpio.
X'va.* 'Stt'rntltaon't	
quished Hun.
Material progress  exceeds know-
ledge of Social Forces
While the economic interests of "cs^" -«»«.wi.i u«,i« W»M» u.„ !««.»»-,« ««.«« u* u,c «„«- g
thc ruling classes of* society are in
line with the conquest of nature
and improvements in the production of wealthy the same interests
of the master class retards social
evolution and the understanding
of these economic forces, even by
"prders in council," jails, etc, ^Ve
are still individualistic in thought,
although our mode of production
and our relationship have become
social. We havo social production and class appropriation of
wealth, and this incompatability
!k'twcen our ideas and our social
relationship is the cause of tho
world's present and increasing disorders, and labor agitators are
effects rather than causes of this.
For instance,  John   1). Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Co. and
its subsidiary   interests   control
more than half the known oil fields
of the world.    These are natural
resources and social    necessities,
mid what applies fo oi! product* ... ............ „ „
applies to coal and   copper, food anarchy, Bolshevism, and lAWNV.ism in this country.   Kvery client
and     clothing,     transportation,! should une his influence with his local community, his representatives!
bunks, ot*. Vet you cannot blame ] t0 ,}m Htate legislature and Congress to push public works with all!
John J>. foi this.    These methods
Cardiff. Alta.
Twin City Miliar
Robul Jones
Sturgeon Mine, Edmonton John Jordan
Dawson Mine. Edmonton, Box 792    Thomas Coxon
Clover Bar, Strathcona Elmer Burk
Coal City, Taber William Durham
Regal Collieries, Taber G. II. Davis
possible speed.   Clients also have an opportunity to perform per-
course with the understanding that no agreements entered Into
should impair the sovereignty of the Kussian people, as expressed by ^j^J^^ sonsl patriotic service hy building at this time.
the Hussiaa Socialist Federal Soviet Republic. j methods of our   ancestors.    Thej       I'riees wilMie lower later, but it is a good deal better to build
On the part of the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic;,,,,!,!;,. ,„„*?,, „,, „ff.„., <„ ,'»,.v,.W «.t,.w *m.\ kad off u.Mi<ly, ium* to v*»,i until it i* too late, tor the,
there thus exists no obstacles to the establishment of proper relations^th<-*e utilities collectively for uwsj^^g Qf saving 20 percent.   Spend the money now and then charge
with ether eountries, especially with the United States.   The Soviet land so th*** ^ntrrprisinir ifontle-j ^ ^ mjl |o iumv,um, KOO<i.wl|i, „r wmothing else.   Clients who
Government of Russia is willing to open Its doors to citizens of »,hrr|"IJ" ^ J,'^oKSt »'«'*''>* h«™ l,Ia»» tar l»«Hdiiiff and who have suspended the «atnc
countries for peaceful pursuit of opportunity, and it invites any j *   '«"     t ' mi amount "f high price?, should again a*k for bids.   Client* xxhn
*.rutioy aiid investigation of its conditions, whieh 1 feel sure w',^*^be,ft,c.?TO^Jfff^,thf rc j fn any wny contemplate building should nt leant have plant drawn
Mind you. we are not pretending that now is the cheap time to
suit of machinery
prove that peace and prosperity in Ruitsia and elsewhere, in so far I
a«t the prosperity of Russia affects other eountries, may be attained j    In *!'»i< *>> »l»'^ "piiiNui »r pre.. ^.^
by the cessation of the present policy of noti-intereotiw with Soviet, j»™"'^^^   ,^lnj,*y^^\
1-Jitwdn, and by the establishment of material ami ititeileetual inter-: ^.^ ^ }J)<i sn„L„,|(, f,",r Hmrjc<»«,[ and save luisine**. thnn If is in \xn\l (nr lower price.* and run the ri*.U
course, i,*e in i-iturv nw»»nn' f'»r ■•eiiiitiM-r-" of aofir*»hv
On the contrary, if ii an expensive time to build, and w«
frnnklv miv no.   Ihi! it is mii-h better to build now a I a hitfh «•«»«!
Logger* of tbe Interior Oountry Take Notica
The Loggers of the Coast Dbtriets have formed an or-
ganiaation known m the It. C. loggers' Union, industrial in its
hcope, comprising ali workers in the lumber industry, and con-
■■•truction camps, afliliatcd with the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council and the ll. C. Federation of Labor.
We invite all Logger* iu the interior to join hand* with us
■in a united effort jo better mir eonditlioiN. v.iii-h e.n, «.uly lu
,**iin  in *!.'- ;; fit.,. ,.
Organ i/eri*. hu- imw <oi the rom I mid will |iiiy you *,-. \j- •
m lite near hitiirc.
So get rea«ly'
Kor f nrt tier information e..foi.itii<i.;ite with E. Winch, "*-.•■■
rei;irv lic!i«.iif< r. •*>} *"<.rdo'.« St, W.
v.wmrvKK. ii c
I'HoS'i; SKY Mont ""■•.
'ihutt'm it* how piepared (>• |«ur.h*.e in the American market grout
*|itj»titities of the following commodities, commensurate with the
need* of l&it,mi,t»nt peoplef railway supplies, africnltural in»pl«»-
nicnts and ma.hin<r,v, favtoo' ntacliincty,, t*M»i*. mining uiMciiitiery
ami sttfiplies. electrical wippltes. printing nisehmery. textile manufactures, /nhocs tind cl.ifhlng, fats and canned nwaU, nibbir n***t*h.,
typewritet'.M and oflice Htipplics*- iiltt.Mmoliib's iuul U'Ui4.h. •fWiutcttlw,.
mwlicsl snntiltes. efe
ftn*«is is f«»nareft f« sett <b* fotlowinw cumwi'li'lc*' «•-«•  '■ •«>
hides. hrMte-*. f«r«. tnmVr. grain, ptnti^um, wefaJs. and jwlncrals.
Tbe' Wn*«isi!ii *U>m-ie-mm'Ni,l, im lh>? tv-fni 'fll S!ryu-d-*r kAmji nf-tvi*:*.
with the tfnlte<l States, is pri»pare«l to pla«*e at ouce in banks in En-
i 11.-
.- ill nnd itnitistriitl e\j*,iiiiM<.ii, The
•'<!• m-iiii! f-»r'  i* flc iHre^:'
rt^isli «l miHtiue prodiietton nn-■
',, *    ■*! ■   .-r-f-'MI  *.   I ■   '■ !!'*■•   '-;'   "     A
'A*i  j.rodii-tr or *f*i:ii:ini.7ily «»r ua
:'• n -iin t-iii-if.uiM- ■'.. ,-o.uiu 'i>* ■»
•■■•-mt' tto» pnr-l'.a^HK and ttu-retot-e
, !.li.»- '.i.iiktu.itlitu' i<t-*»wi'wr. kd' lii;*r w-Mtfk'-
'*.*■*ni**?- 't t!*(,i«f««-,l »•• li". m-tt*,.* *,*„!
,i».«iny re-i»re«i«'nt Out a sunill t»»'»r-
. mm i»i tx* j>r-mltieiw. Hn* i* «»*»'•
fefttiw* of over-prndiietstui snd no-.
, .liV-ijJAu.. ii*t „t.   i'i   .tt.Hi* t O       t*l**'**,**,i
\nutl tl»eref«»iv Sl.c   cflti^* of *»«**?al j
' nji*r*»*t -*ti*l *}-'«' r'*»i«-i» *»'f •''**" i ♦ ■*»*«'■"*** ■'
.* m n pn»Te«t airsimr pr»verty ■- tn j
1|je IW!*«ltt llf plrfuSy,.    Ill Ihi*    pff»;
What Is Happening- Abroad
If YOO Win*  *bn
"Th     Wmi- nt   i><),7n>i-i*tt  in   l-.ti*ti*;->  <* over,  !»'•'   *!
real jkicj.iI conditions in lvnroj.% jhdI elwivhrre
WU.     V.'ol'kilttf el.*".*  Il»ir*e»»   imn «-vj'*er«s<»«t jUi !
i   ^ *, '„-*,* «.ii
are not i*cnern2l,v
t in ri'«.--itut;.i:,.ir\
tlt'ltrft   , %t .       *   i .
.. ..„ i ,., ,*.*,.!■,, i uul c or ir-iii ejt
Jin* t*lt* -.1 t-y-t
Dintinuer' on Page Four
Freth ami Com*} Mt****,-   va*.     w.*..«..*
t.i. ■
nnt* find   \irt*r':t-n «til *f* tbt* I'twll''  r,t Irtr, tf*n,ti-i*,1 »..:»'
(*2<>O,000.00O) to cover tbe priee of initial purchase*. j
To imttro ■ basis for emlifs for additional Russian purchases injtwt. which flic raster rl«»s would
the United State*. I wggwt that detailed negotiations with "vj^jj,,^ "***• i% *h'     ^
If we tl»e«* the eat»«<f* hack «tep
'Uv *U",* v,%- lUitt. iti..'i'»'l.'ov.. '»U.U: ■!,**'*
s ItoL
(lowramtnt will ctoIv* pwposHiona fnlly acceptable for this par.fJ»»,,«*«»,y
pttP, ,U,V iWt,* :;*- W,i*.. ili-'l'r.oV. . »wi »>•'« *
I m wnpoirtwd by my «Io¥#mi«wit to negotiate for tbe speeily jibe ex Kai^r or Ihe *mtf   IM-
Communicate At Once Wiih
90S McLeod Building, Ecir.cnten, Alia.
*if ,#, y"*>
ft'»fr"ew, Attt:*i
. » * i fi. .* , *i * 4 j . h., , ■< k
: tc tf:
t'"f.9  9  9'.
tml AmtTiea. and I ahall bt gl«d t» dfaewaa details at tbt mttitot ^ mU aj%r,||^| a*t*nm u proj^t
sbtps. and   men !%« rUItan   aiwljri-llcve tie nebinx mn»vlc*
Arkwright were f^ipon*iljle    foriiMNrveaof naati     VtmUl t)h#v
Subscribe to The District Ledger
Mtr-pfitmtmtHm. »«!em mnt •«•!«*♦ what has tmp d«w with th*tr
t*m*mtJm*ywm*mk   «»«i   lW*»W»i«Mw. <ir-,r*mtwm they might wefll   cot.
V«f onr ta*§ii!*#*m   awl **eiMili«Uk|s{der Ibttir tmrk a   ewrse  to ortr
thmhtlem bHktmi thtf   wer* «!«>•< «*«.     \'ti it tbty or m*    rmhl     ...     .,, *,
ing bwMily a a*rri** trim tley lot* into the m»l «l«tant fntur* w* vh*lh ™ i^l*1* ***** Pfrmu-»
^.1..._t tlu t^wmmm «# ttitttrm     Ia   ^ , „l I W-..- *%.»* l^k^JI ft... .5... I   !*"^ *nd BnSXC f»r XM-*~* Oftti tAfti
* T -hi»*'* ,*>--l %t- !*n ■*. •<( faftua*
0.1**1 iVutmott**. ',h* is«»rl "* * mtw *tr-
{•rinjr. tbtr* in tb* »nn «n«l hht*
***** ni n rtettrr itar. ip. inf.-lie*. lit*l
asrahenirv unit a spirttnaf unfold- *
itif nn the |t»ri   of   tbt   a*******-*
etftlav^d the torero ot mttm   to r.t nil know tbat Ih hind th-* .l*n\.,
'•'*' <*'i»H'*:>h j-.tX*,%UL l».if%  "•?»;'
Sole Af ent for tbt ?m» for
Letnbridge Brewery Products
>,~*i *\ »-«•.-.*,** \y -,,,, •„ .;„, fn,)(.
l,.j.*\,*   ., j'r..,.* I'^^j f„r Ij-Hitijrti
E PtCK. "Tbt Bottle Ktog"
•   rtir Al><erta ttof,e! im-.-rm^n, \fUrut
i. ^c M
k Je k l>
•In another column, there is a letter
addressed to the members of District
IS in regard to sending a man to Nova
Scotia to offset the campaign that it
is proposed to wage in that province
against the principles of the OXE BIG
UNION, Humberstone local at Ed.
monton asks other locals to co-operate
in the matter of expense.
It is true that the international ot
the United Mine Workers of America
which recently made an agreement
with the President of the big Dominion Steel corporation which also controls Nova Scotia coal, proposes to
send in sevoral organizers among the
miners of Cape Breton, Cumberland
end Pictou. It will be interesting to
follow the course these organizers
will take and to listen to what they
will say about the radical membership
of District IS. They will do all that
they can to prevent a junction of the
forces of the miners east and west.
Nova Scotia is not without its pro.
■gressives in the labor movement and
there are no tinner believers in ONE
UIG UNION than the heads of thb
miners' organization in that province.
Silby -Barrett, the president; Robert
Baxter, the vice-president and James
H. iMcLachlan, the secretary-treasurer
all understand the futility Bf craft organization but are not yet fully aware
of the workings of the Internationa!
at Indianapolis--they are still laboring
under a partial belief at least that
President Hayes and his coterie in
their trips to Washington and Europe
consider lirst the desires of the work,
ers and take no dictation from the big
controlling Interests of governments
and coal fields. The miners of District 18 have had a longer and more
intimate acquaintance with Indiauap.
olis and there is much that they could
tell their Nova Scotian brethren.
illuniberstono local's idea is good.
We believe, also, that there are many
locals of miners in Nova Scotia which
would help carry part of the
expense of a campaign of enllght.
ment, a campaign which would
lead to the solidifying of the
forces of the miners of Canada. It
seems a cruel fate that the per capita
tax paid out by the rank and file
should be used to pay the heavy expenses of international organizers to
go into Nova Scotia and combat the
real spirit of unionism.
 0 .	
Over a year ago the legislature of
Ilritish Columbia passed an eight-
hour law. In order to give the employers" a chance to prepare and make
any necessary deadjustments a year
was given before the law was sup.
posed to go into effect.   On April lirst
ln the District Ledger last week appeared three communications
in opposition to the present movement for seceding from the so-
called "international" unions and then forming ONE BIG UNION,
Ope of the articles was writen by Frank Wheatley,'board member of
District IS and also president of the Alberta Federation of Labor,
it was a Avarning against the. "slippery politicians" -by whom, Mr.
Wheatley claims, the "new move is dominated."
A second article was by International Board Member Robert
Livett avIio warned against the "autocratic dictatorship", of the
central-committee and worried over there being no opportunity to
call them to account: for "funds spent or ballots submitted," lie also
saw in the movement "the efforts of certain individuals avIio seem
determined to destroy our organization."
A third article was by Dave Rees, vice-president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada and also an international organizer
for the U.M.W. of A. Mr. Rees believes iu "the maintenance of International Unions and an active campaign for the affiliation of as
many international unions its possible into compacts such as we find
existing with the "Triple Alliance' in Britain." Mr. Rees is also of
the opinion that "it is good policy to have representatives of the
working class of labor in parliament." lie is "not out to fight the
ONE BIG UNION" but warns to "be careful lest: you should lose
hold of the substance in reaching out for the shadow."
■ lt is not without a certain amount of trepidation that The District Ledger enters the lists to eoiuhat against the Big Three who occupied our front page hist week. It,,is not with any desire to be sarcastic that avc use,the term "Big Three." We realize that Messrs.
Rees. Livett and Wheatley haA'e long been ranked as among the
ablest iu the ranks of the coal miners of this country and all three of
them liave held the confidence of the Avorkers and have for a number
of years been called upon to take a most active part in labor affairs.
It, Mas these three who attended the Trades and Labor Congress at
Quebec Avhich met last September. It was these three who took part
in the caucus of Western delegates whieh decided upon the calling
of the Western Interprovincial Conference from which has sprung
the O.B.U. .movement in Canada. Their words should not be without
weight and, as we have already said, it is not without trepidation
that Ave express absolute disagreement with their reasoning and
their conclusions.
ilr. Wheatley warns against the "slippery politicians" who. he
claims, are dominating the present movement. The writer was present at the interprovincial conference and watched carefully the entire proceedings. In all our experience we never saw a more democratic .assemblage. There were a feAV of the old line politicians in
the hall but the majority of those delegates had passed the stage
where they could be fooled by the politician. A wide-open opportunity was given for the election Of the central committee and the
fact that, only one ballot was needed showed that there was unanimity of feeling. It is true that some of those elected have been active
in the..past, in the Socialist party and it is to them tbat Mr. Wheatloy
refers as the"slippery politicians." It is "not our purpose to attack or defend individuals but Ave believe the personal connection
the. members of the central committee have had with the labor cause
than of-emolument. Take our assurance, Mr. Wheatley. politicians
are not dominating the new movement. We know'where the politicians stand Avben real unionism gets under way.
Mr. Wheatley speaks of the "rotten officialdom of our per capita
fed international ollicers and their arch-traitor Gompers" and at
lhe same time he opposes the procedure that has been taken to break
away from such "rotten otliciaidoin" because "no plan of organization has been outlined for the guidance of anyone." We belieVe Mr.
Wheatley is sincere and we ask him to consider this fact that the
time is not yet here for the forming of the rogaiiization. All that is
being done is the taking of a ballot to see how many others there are
who, like Mr, Wheatley, have discovered that internationals are dominated by "rotten officialdom." If a sufficient number are ready to
break away then, ami not till then, will the organization of the ONK
BIG l'NIOX take plmc provisions bavin1-' already been made for an
■•er.   have  decided  tlmt   w«Rl'«j organization convention representing the different   branches of hits.' cut and we have the present ! , *" *
the ef gilt-hour law* become mtrmrrrt
the'province* and.'immediately the big
corporations commenced to exert
every influence to make the law inef.
fi'ft'.ve. Our readers must never forget that it is not among the workers
the breakers of the'law on a big scale
•run be found.
There is a law which makes it an offence if » man is found with certain
literature in his possession und the
law is very often used to throw some
poor worker into 'jail. There* arc
scores of other petty Uiw» effective
only on the workers. Thero comes it
big law, a. 'law effecting the whole
province and straightway the bis corporations set about breaking it with
When the cighUiour law Was passed
it unruly was not the Intention of the
government that y,;irch for the day's
v,or!c should be cut for the High t'ost.
ot UvinE commission had fixed the
point of exislfioe.. Thc corporation!***,
Mpectat te of no lens favored a corporation than tha t'row's Nest Pass Coal
Company (holiItnK one of the greatest
natural resources ut t'anada la lis
grip) takliut front u returned soldier
one hour n dnv reduction In wages,
At tha next regular pay, on tho 2*ir*l
Inst., a number of other returned nul.
dim are to receive the name treat-
We Have already commented upon
what the uoWlera of Canada have done
for th« Crown Sent Pass Coal Com.
pany in aavlng trom the grasp of th"
Hun horde* a property which two
humlrwl million dollar* would not buy.
We have also pointed out that the corporation offered to give an acre of
land whlrh mat them two bits for the
purpose of having aomo one else build
t» m<nnnrl,it to the soldier* who died.
We now point out another measure ot
their patriotism and of their regard
for Uw in the manner la which they
are heeding the elghthour law of
nrlflsh Columbia
We have luijies thnt we are going to find Wheatley in the ONK
BHI 1'NION camp as a booster before the vote is tnken. He cannot
stay anywhere else if he im to hold fust to tbe views he hns frequently
exjiiensed at cutjv* utioiis and in the columns <>f the District ledger,
lie must get over ihe idea that Knight and l*ritehard and Naylor and
Johns and Midgely nre "slippery politician.*" or that they "puclwd"
the convention to gat elected. They went in on a first ballot just as
Wheatley did into the presidency of the Alberta Federation of Labor
nnd the men who really put Wheatley in as President of tho Alberta
Federation of Labor are etieh nnd every one of thein out for the
ONK WO UNION.   Come in, friend, the water'* fine.
Th* stories on our froni page in regard to tha treatment ot returned aot
di*,r* by hi* corporations itvs* em**
tat careful thought. Wa should not he
inuty in blaming tha managers or tk*
bu**** for tin j hold their Jobs ooty
bntwm td their ability to grind profit out of worker* Ruslness Is bust
Be***. The ■ managers and the ibosaea,
a« n.itiviiii-,1.. hm. t.u*. regard for
tte returned soldier** and an spree*!*-
ittm nt -abat they have <jten» tmt those
mntmeft* mid I*****-*. U**.*.- their own
JoIm t« look after and vnmm'-nt must
BHilt *UU*4 tt* t*h<" wny of illvldelldf*)
The retained Midler* are up against
And now xvp want to examine International Hoard Member
Livett\ attack mt tho ONK UIO UNION. It is not alwaya Rood
taste to quote in print a private conversation Intt we know that
President ('hristophers will forgive ua when we quote hia opinion of
Mr. Livett in regard to the latter'* attitude on the ONK BIG UNION:
"Hob ia absolutely honest," said Christophers, "in the fight he in
pulling up. The only trouble I ever found with Hob ia that he itt a
^institutional crank, was when he waa secretary at Hellevuc and is
today," That expression from n man who knows Livett far better
than we do, gave us an insight into hia behavior in opposition to the
OXK IIKI UNION. The movement U not "in accord with the constitution." Mr. Livett eatt prove both by the international constitu-
ti t ,«!*! by th.* <o!««titiiibin of Oniric! \A that the membership have
no right t» t»kr a part in the coning referendum lie cannot understand Ihe »*pir)t of maas aet ion and only believed in well-regulated,
skillfully guided action on the part of the workers.
there that such autocracy flourishes. In speaking of that autocracy
President Christophers in addressing the meeting of miners' in Fernie
a few weeks ago on his trip to Indianapolis remarked: "I certainly
got my eye-teeth cut," *.*.
Mr. Livett claims to see in the movement the "efforts of certain
individuals who seem determined to destroy our organization." We
believe he uttered those words in haste. He knows' full well that
every man who is taking a hearty interest in the new movement is
anxious to make organized labor stronger and healthier. In an orchard it is-often, necessary to prune the trees quite heavily to promote their growth and in the United Mine Workers of America
there is also room for pruning, it is growing top heavy and one
branch reaches'over-to Indianapolis and di*pps the best fruit of the
tree; that branch needs lopping oft' so that the trunk of the tree may
become stronger and the whole tree become more fruitful.
Lastly we conic to Dave Rees' article on "One Big Union or
United Big Organisations." This article w,e have read with a great
deal of interest. It recalls the struggles of the past years among
the workers and the disagreements necessary*in clearing up the greatest of till the world's problems. We agree with Mr. Kees that, an
affiliation of all the International Unions would be a splendid step
in advance and the U.B.O would be as good, or better than O.B.U.
But here is the rub:
The constitutions of tlie various internationals make no provisions for going about making such affiliations, and, farther, the
majority of'the internationals are satisfied with the principle of "a
fair day's ijjjrk for a fair day's pay," they have no vision, no Ideals.
Before they could be got together there would have to be a foundation built for them' to stand upon. They need reconstruction and
nobody knows tliey need it better than Mr. Rees, It would be following the path of least resistance to take Mr. Rees''advice and "carry
on an active campaign for the election of labor representatives fo
parliament." Such a program would meet with little opposition and
those who advocate it would be lauded in the great newspapers as
"sane leaders of labor,"
Tn one pajjt of Mr. Rees' article in the District Ledger (which he
also had published in the Calgary Herald) is the following:
"To the miners of Canada, especially, I would say you
are ill-advised in seceding from your International Union at
this time.   Our president with our acting-secretary is now en-
route to Europe.   There he will confer with Smillie and other
labor leaders.    1 look for tlie rehabilitation of the World's
Mining Congress, whieh. if accomplished, would form a splendid base or starting point for the rebuilding of the Internationale."
We are sure there must have lieen a smile flickering over Mr.
Rees face Avhen he suggested that President Hayes would likely have
a part in the "rebuilding of the Internationale."   It was also not in
keeping with Sir. Rees' usual spirit of fairness that he should try
to convey to the readers of the District Ledger and to the readers
of the Calgary Herald the idea that President Hayes and the acting
secretary were crossing the ocean  with the solidifying of labor's
forces as tbeir object.   Sir. Rees had just returned from Indianapolis a few days before he wrote- bis article and as an international organizer one -would have thought he .would have known the purpose
of President Hayes' hurried visit to Europe.   Like preceding presi-
iknta-nf tlie V "W W  nf A. "bis master's voice." is not the voice of
Constitutions are nee-ens* ry bttt too of lew tliey are made the en-
*      * i
,****.    .«*,  .....   „,    ....
*r*'**%.,H^ lielUMii  xniuvu u**ru*»**.» t*>*   «««'.
labor. Here is what the Associated Press—which is controlled liy the
big financial interests of AineHca—says about President Hayes' trip
to'Kui'op'e in President Wilson's especial steamer, the George Washington:
"NEW YORK. April 11.--Frank J. Hayes, president of
tite United Mine Workers of America, and Robert Harlan, »
member of the legislative board, sailed for France today on
the George Washington.
According to William Green, the purpose of their trip is
to urge upon President Wilson the advisability of the United
States finding a market abroad for at least a quarter of the
conl'surplus of 100.000,000 tons'which has aediiuuliitod here
since the signing of the armistice."
It  is passing strange thnt the Associated IVefcs which pridea
itself on  the .completeness and neuracy of its information should
bave overlooked tilling that President Hayes nnd  Robert  Harlan
were on tbe way to Europe to meet Sinillio, to help rehabilitate the
World's Mining Congress and perchance to build a base for a glorious Internationale and hasten the day of a world for the workers.
A glance backward at the Presidents of the U.M.W. of A. who have
gone liefore shows that President Hayes is "well on to the job" nnd
it will not be long before he enters into his reward.
We surely have no objection to thc coal operators of tho United
States using President Hayes (who ia always their pliant tool) fur the
purpose of finding out how they ean best ent out Great Britain's
coal markets. That in part of the great game of the present system.
We do object, however, to International Organizer Rees trying to "put
oue over" on the renders of the District Ledger by attempting to
make them believe that President Hayes' visit waa for another ob-
jeet than whnt it is. We have no doubt but what Hayes might meet
Hmillie and that there will be talk of the reviving of thc World's
Mining Congress.   At a "four-flusher" Hayes ia hard to beat.
Thc ONE BTO UNTOM movement ti tin expression of the worldwide feeling among the workera for definite aetion whieh will aeeonv
plish something. They want future wars made impossible; they want
poverty made no more possible; they want bigger and fuller live* and
a system whereby the strong eannot oppress the weak. They have
protested for yeara, they have resoluted. they have voted, they have
struek and after it all they aee more poverty, more suffering, more
slaughter. Their experiences have been eruel but gradually they
have been Retting together for a world'* salvation. It is the maaa
that is in movement and millions are taking part in that
movement without realizing what it means. It is a movement that
the fear* of Brothed Wheatley or Ihe warnings of Brother Iiivett,
ur tie *Mig«»tU>r.* of Bret her XI*** ean neither swerve or cheek
20 Per Cent Off
Regular Fixed
Moderate Charges
A BIG Discount when you consider the class of our high-grade
American Dentistry. Its only-t^ie
large volume of our practice which
permits us to offer such a reduction for a while, and this reduction does not affect the irouelad
guarantee which we give every
patient. Should our work fall
down at any time we will do it
over again. But we are never
called upon to do this because we
put the right materials and the
proper skill into our work af the start.
20 Per Cent. Off Our Regular Prices This Month
Lethbridge Office: The Ott Block
Calgary Office: 115a 8th Avenue East
Edmonton Office: 3 Cristall Block
and Chile, violent labor uprisings have recently occurred. Given below are some specific instances which serve to show the tread of the
In England at least 250,000 workers of various trades have recently been on strike., These strikes are not over isolated disputes,
but have as their base the fundamental principles of privileges which
working classes are to receive henceforth. All of this occurred, notwithstanding the fact that only a portion of England's military forces has been demobilized! What-will be'the'situation when some
4,000,000 more men return to look for jobs? The strike at Belfast,
Ireland, is a direct repudiation of Parliamentary action and is quite
in sympathy with the Sinn Fein government recently elected.
Reports from Italy indicate that an explosion may take place at
any time. The labor leaders in Italy are catling for the abolition of
monarchy and for a soviet government. The sudden return of the
Italian delegate, Orlando, to Rome, because of the resignation of the
Italian cabinet, is significant of '.serious trouble in Italy. When
President Wilson recently conferred with tlie Vatican, he was after-
,wards.rebuked by the Italian workers for'refusing to address One of
their labor conferences. They retaliated by darkening the city and
cutting off transportation for two days. Here we see that the weaT
"pon of direct action is being used in Italy.
In Portugal tlie recent attempted overthrow of the republic by
the monarchist party indicates" that the working classes of Portugal
are demanding power and have broken with the present regime.
Seeing this distention, the monarchists took the opportunity and attempted the restoration* of the Portuguese royalty. In Spain the working class and labor riots are frequent. While no recent reports have
been received, there is bitter class feeling jn that country whieh mny
burst out into llaino at any moment. In .Japan trouble is imminent,
as is further indicated by the rapid withdrawal of Japanese troops
front Russia, The rice riots of ji few months ago show the temper of
the peoplo. who are beginning to revolt against the imperialistic designs of their leaders.
At this moment the Allies are confronted with the very serious and pressing problem of demobilizing thoir armies. French
labor groups are demanding that their members be immediately released from army service. British labor groups are alao persistently
demanding the demobilization of the workers. tThe reason that this
demand is not complied with is not because they need any longer fear
the German army, bul because or the moro gtnuino fear of Bonding
back these millions of soldiers to the homes, factories and workshops
from which they were conscripted during the war, to find panic* and
On the other hand, to keep millions of soldiers resting on their
arms with no immediate prospect of using them, tends to disrupt
army discipline and precipitate mutiny. The longer thay remain
resting on their arms, the worst thia situation become*. If thoy are
released and sent back to civilian life and do not find conditions ami
opportunities sneh aa all the promises of thc war guaranteed, then
there is going to bo trouble on a scale such as wa havo never known
before! People in the United States have little conception of what is
really going on. The conditions whieh exist abroad may not be du*
plicated here, but we cannot hope entirely to escape from the suffering whieh they produce. We cannot hope to have prosperity In
America while there is revolution and anarchy in Kurope.
t»N»<r harm tmtmtt-ed roaoia** nl prav***., jiMriet  I* «-oi»veiit«m .lir. L.wU amm  n, *,....*.n.*l .},*. *,-■*"■*•-'>&  ■"■•.»>'-■'
mJS. Vy!X!I5«ff*Si^t"»i^« ♦»* «fc« wn* »nrf «»* «"h ,h'' l"*** ««»«»»■«w»w   lie mw
M|o*r» f»al ooi im ototf boot ttm 11 hat there was a practically unanimous desire lo -vut !!•*»*■» tt*m* ihfj
•f» HHn« ^'^^f^JJ^^^^oit.rnatioiiid and every time that he or international organiser* Ir '
•!».* e»»e home Br*t aa* gut ♦*»»» i vine nml Her* rm«i unytiniittt •*•*• *m? ******* *,-*    ,.*,*,,.*,*.A.*j..-,y" ■'„;■
li*ip ia torn iniB»B*smiBiiis piw*»       § * . .    „       . .       .
TM  ratafiM*  toMtets  bnt* s»a * musi W tm*«His for siieh conditions existing and when the rank ami
 *_.,   'h     * -   - -    ■>.*-.      *_*.     — ■ — -9-0    nt,*.    bmtm, A    -a *n*rfi  I .. ^     . ta      . * -, , a      , „* «*••**•-***.
Greatest American Finan*
ciaI Authority Gives Serious Warning To
Teacher of
Plsao and Organ
Theory, Harmony, Counterpoint
Transposition, Composition,
E*t* for tratrhlna from tastings of
Sir* white, targe bone, fln«-tr nhaped
Ht at from 12.00 to MOO per uStUns
SatiftfaeUon soarantetil.
e. attxtrr    to* wi, onrom, t. e.
Wm, Hobson
great prowl** m tmmntt to i*m and. fi|<i   h      ,,qHl n ln,.l0,{ljftll i,»w»rd the "inieriuiiiuDftl" it is time
ifc-tF on now told tt»*t ■« •"*■ ip*** i ..... , .» l i   .
und hts bom !•**« «P **«• »» m* that their <-wme*ti«>n with thai Iwnly was severed if harmony is to
J5^^1^i2luSI^rt|i?aI       Mr Livett *-»n tie a**nr*d if he will read earcfolly thc prmved*{fo«re t*>nterri„e am roo\\y mow deeply coneera*! over the outcome
btPim teo3 *Meli "*1'*w*r*<r Pr**ws»r j       nf ^vf. >y*Mtero Internmvrnetak wmKeretirr th»*» *m ''mxtu*xtxtict of tin. LaW and ■"•v-t.tJ^f f*,*}r*f,-'r*n^ ft* }t*m*, **»«•?>,"rl.ind, than
!*»«*» is fteMMBU «f tie ••**•*» *•     *' k
Continued from Page Four
form thttfflffhoiit all the Kuropcan nations.   The statesmen st tbe
»t mm i* ***** ttom tb* l«ft«t
fttat** to sstfle t« tJapobo,   t*m*v P
tm tbn CUM.
itttipM lift. ?<».',«'.«« I!
r. *..**.. ,
by Ute day
TV-V.rtM-ft Wfl th In- Ptrr.l mill
terond hen; flrst snd **emt pnllttf,
ttmt, ■♦■court ami third coctetwi; etc.
<w4 tmb", tint mi nywciij ttwtj* wo
at Ferule femltry ttbow. *r»,
Mr •««««.   Om* Kiws foe  smtni.
* Tmt*i*e twmna Wlttei**, Cf**? tleiP tti*
P. tT*f IT, Hani A*««,
West Fertile, ■.&
dMstrirship" was ttnm In ihe antral mmmiltee. nor wed he worry j apparently hss jost b#g»n.   l^esuse of the strict censorship of news,]
over th* possibility of ib#tr absconding with any "fui»d«*r d-eriv^lj thry ar* in damning formula* fo? a f<*aga* «f Nst»n*, thc L*w'
_^ tnm the two cent rote p»**ed m Wy the #««fer««iee—already tine €©tfewa*e at Berne it discussing the possibility of fcsving their!
TlJfp^-tmtlSit'mt "m/bm tmiOoo fts r-^tral rommitt*^ ha* h*ii t«» *«» 'in *\*M for tl*e pprrhoat. nt thc tin-*-| workinf Horn >*KHM«i«atent.s st horn* taking «w»r the nsrnership snd!
""^mwtlT Tilt' lomtottotM 1 **^rF halloU ar.d prtirwwM* wmi»w. 'VW im** .\*»* V*n. L;»* Ua*t| cautrot of ^ruhv-tH^ $trih-x nn* rit* thi*nv$irint. Fn-^-aml IHl.twd, *
VZitvlFIZtfio be m*d hy in* W| jnst returned from fndlanapofts prwrytm to immtotp his letter may! Vrnmm, Italy. *min. Parinwri snd Sweden.   They all show sym-j
*w»r,l*-*" ****** y...1—** ** **•***a^#i»afit fe* hhn wkm tbo term   ntxtixrnitc diastorship*' it is ptoaw of econamie rather than politieal rcrolntions    In Armntfaml
'.*«* by tbm se* «■■■"■*
{Solicitor for District lt,U.M
W of A
ItticDaaald Block
Lstkhrtiln. Alts
j   TtMfctss' stfsls.    At tototo shew
1 wm bent H»!e neermt pmtltd, brat p*m
) not tmt dtmay tmt.   Twe tnttnn
mat ire 4eHsr» pot bttono.
ALIX. AITKtH. »m t*e
west rem«s, m. c
mm9n CtMh IMI Unborn not
Tbinfif ffdffrjr. p.m ner mtme
Uoott wintmt tojen. Two Wott Up.
bon rwtcertto tm nale.-iHto Torwrr,
ttnatt Ave, We« ftvnbn mp*SWO*ir*Jtsu2?&$,
The Six-Hour Day And Ihe
Unemployed Problem
CALGARY, April 17.—"Under no
consideration will District IS stand
for anything that will mean a reduc.
tion in the standard of living of the
miners of Fernie, Michel and Corbin,"
is the announcement the policy com.
mittee has made to the Operators. The
'District was willing to make certain
concessions but will not stand for the
reduction of wages proposed by tlie
en in that camp on Tuesday. There
are at the present timeonly fifty-two
members in the local at Corbin. .The
vote showed forty-seven in favor of a
severance from the International ami.
iation and in favor of a general strike
for the six.hour day. There were live
recorded as "not voting." Not a single vote was cast against the 'ONE
In Kimberley the vote is being taken
and will be announced on Saturday.
The District Ledger is informed that
To the District Ledger:
In your last issue Dave Rees regr«Hs
that, the Calgary conference did not
outline a more progressive policy for
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada. "Why should he have re-
grets if the 230 delegates assembled
were out to form a policy fo- the
workers rather than for the Trades
and Labor Congress?
He also argues that no jus section
of organization need hope to enforce
the policy by itself. Another reason.
why the delegates did uot lay down
a policy for Dave Rees or the Trades
and Labor Congress.
One Big Union is not essential, to
the labor movement s-iys Dave Hess.
The western men decided to leave it
to the rank aud file to provs whether
a Big Union is essential at. the present time or not, and wer3 unanimous
with the exception of y ■ f-aw -lien of
the Farmllo. type that the days of ono
(By James P. Thompson)
When, the labor market is overstocked the bosses are very independent. Not needing us all, they simply pick us over. With age
limits and weight limits to guide them, tfyey select from among us
the ones they think will suit them best; then they give us a trial and
if we don't work to suit them they fire us and hire somebody else.
Conditions may be so vile that our health is being ruined and yet, if
we kick about it, the boss will say: "Well, if you don't like it, you
can get out.   We ean get all the workers-we want."
This is the condition all over the world today. We have overwork on the one hand, and no work at all on the other. Little children by the millions are being literally worked to death, while strong
men and women tramp the streets looking in vain for work.
The competition in the market causes us to Work cheap. The
Jobs go to the men with the most hungry families. When we work
cheap we are compelled to economize iu order to get along on our
cheap wages and when we do this we lowor the standard pf living.
This grinding-down process has been going on so long already that
tpday millions of our class are not getting wages enough to keep
them in normal condition. "Wliich means that they are dying by
inches, fading away before our very eyes.
Although labor can produce more wealth today hi less time than
it ever could in the history of thc world, yet tho fact remains that
millions of our class, overworked and underfed, are slaving their
lives away, going down to the grave without ever having really
lived at all.
This condition is getting worse. Every improved method of
production makes it possible to get a certain amount of wrork done
with less workers. The number of unemployed is increasing all the-
All this just suits the capitalist class because their aim is to
force down wages and boost up profits.
The interest of our class is just the opposite.
We should aim to reduce the number of unemployed and boost
up wages "until such time as we are able to abolish the wage system
( altogether.
Problem of the Unemployed and the Answer
A certain amount of*labor is necessary to do the work of the
world, and the reason we have an unemployed army is because one
part of our class does all the work and there is nothing left for the
others to do. , c
For example, let the four fingers and thumb on your hand represent'fire workers. Now suppose we have forty hours labor to be
performed and we have the ten-hour day; will there be jobs enough
for all five workers?
No, therewould be jobs for only four, because four times ten
is forty; but since five times eight is also forty, it is plain to see
that if each worker would only work eight hours instead of ten, there
would be jobs for all five.
If four workers, by shortening the working,, day front ten to
—Tglfifiit hours, furnish a joTrto uue «utser iiomrhiffarma ui L-iW-uuem,»"
ployed, then four million workers, by shortening the working day
from ten to eight hours, would furnish jobs to one million from the
ranks of the unemployed. ,
The effect *on..the. unemployment of shortening the working day
is even more far-reaching than the nbovo illustration shows. If. for
instance, one* hundred men are working with shovels and they create
a condition where, in order to get the work done, the boss would be
compelled to hire twenty-five more workers, it would also require
twenty-five more shovels.
More weavers in a mill would mean more looms. Moro looms,
more spindles, and so on down the lino. All this would mean more
work for the metal and machinery workers, etc.
If we shorten the working day the unemployed will dwindle
down, competition in the labor market will become less; then those
who nre working will be more independent. If they lose one job,
it will be easier to get another one. Then tliey won't work so hard,
and the wry fact that they don't work so hard will mean that they
won't do so much work, which, in turn, would draw more workers
from (lie ranks of the unemployed.
Under such conditions, if the Iiosr should storm at them and tell
them to get a move ou. instead of bowing over tho wheels of labor
and taking the abuse, they would stop altogether and say to him
♦•Jf you don't like the way we are doing, you ean do it yourself."
Ovorwork would stop. Think whnt that would mean to the
awarminf mililona of our elans I Overwork shortens the worker*'
live-; and makes their short livdn miserable.
If wo shorten the workin« day. wc lengthen the workers* Uvea.
Many workers today are afraid to eome to a union meeting for
fear the bos* will find it out and they will lose their jobs.
Many work so hard that they eome home at night exhausted
phyaieally and mentally. Too tired to think. Too tired to sleep.
Many of them will only find rest in death.
Bhorten the working day and, like magic, all thia will ekaugc.
Our iHtm will he more free and independent; a harder elaas to hold
in slavery.
Tod*y a large number of our claaa are heing driven blind hy be-
ing eompelled to work in poor light. Many arc raining their lunp
by working in poorly ventilated plaecs.
Shorten the working day, th© working week, and the working
vfior; then eonditions will improve.  Death traps will diaappear.
Aa competition in the labor market becomes leas, wages will go
np   Then onr elasa will have better elothea.  They will have better
,   food.  When they have better food they will have better Mood; they
will feel better, their eyes will he brighter, their hraina clearer \ they
will live longer and Im happier while Ihey do live.
The interett of the working class demands that we shorten th*
working day!
The. way to dn it is TO !W> IT!
The way to get if. i* TO TAKK IT!
W# efcmttit all unit* in OXK IHO UNION and haek up each other
*t,rrtw»li tbl*b and thin  **xm* what mav. UNTII* TIIK WtlRKKKMlahotit <a W*«t*rw *mt*r*n**
or rm wom/n \nv. mm
District 18 Stands Behind
Fernie, Michel and
operators in connection with the new
eight-hour day in this province.
At the time of going to press the
matter is being held awaiting a further announcement from Director of
Coal Operations Armstrong who, in
turn, is awaiting a reply to a lengthy
telegram he sent to Ottawa placing
the matter before the government.
Corbin And Kimberley For 0. B. U.
That Corbin is solid fo rthe OXE ■ Kimberley will endorse the ONE BIG
BIG UNION is shown by the vote tak.  UNION by at least a seventy-five ner
•Pn    In    Itl-at   ftnmvt   r,,t    T,in*,Jn..        m       -. *._ * e
cent vote,
Advices from the central commit,
tee say that most encouraging reports
are coming in from all the western
provinces despite the campaign of vil.
lification being stirred up by the employers and eirculated through the
The District Ledger has received
another list of names of those sending
contributions to the O.B.U. Victory
Bond. , They will be publised next
Disagree   With  Livett. Rees  And
To the District Ledger:
In reading the comments made by
thebopponents of the ONE BIG UNION
it is very gratifying to notice that
those gentlemen agree, that industrial
unionism is very necessary for the
beneiit of the workers, but they do not
agree with the method adopted to
bring this about.
Dave Rees quotes tho U. B. organizations which we take to mean, to be
a moreoiutolligent method of wtlding
together the various crafts into One
Big Industrial Organization. Now any
man with a little knowledge of the
labour movement will 1 believe agree,
that this should be the only logical
way to bring this about, the proof may
be seen in Great Britain where this
has beeu accomplished. (By amalgam,
■However, when we have a I'nited
Big Organization, known as the Uni.
ted Aline Workers of America, who as-
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
The outside employees of tbe .lli.
chel Mines are anxiously awaiting the
result of the deliberations of our policy committee, with the operators and
commissioner Armstrong Si the eight-
hour law, which according to the Coal
Company, must carry with it a reduc.
tion in wages. As this action on the
part of the operators, on this end of
the District is unprecedented, we fully
expect an early adjustment of this
The loggers here are et'.ll.on strike
for their demand of the eight-hour
day, and the bonus which was taken
away from them some time ago, plus
the bonus which they never got. The
actual war bonus is 92c per day, but
the unprotected logger only got S'.lc
per day, and even this unfair proportion was taken away. The Company
lias employed a number of 'loggers
from other .parts of the Province but
we understand it is agreed that the
eight-hour day will be recognized, and
a fifty cents per day advance, this being so makes things look quite a bit
better but they are still forty.two
cents shy. This matter has been forwarded to Commissioner Armstrong,
and the loggers expect an early adjustment.
Preparations are now being made to
fix up the football field at Michel, and
we figure that the boys will be ready
to meet contesting teams in the near
Great surprise was created here, at
Natal recently when an. enterprising
citizen received information from the
Canadian food board that he could not
be permitted to ship in a car load of
Macaroni from the United States, un.
til the overstocked markets (created
during war time) of Canada were re.
duced to normal. In the meantime we
are to pay exorbitant prices, even in
an overstocked market. (We observe
something wrong.)
Our old friend Harvey Wallace is
back from his long sojourn in France,
and German prisons. He states that
no place he has struck since returning
looks as much like home as Michel,
and in no place has he received better receptions. (It's coming to you
old top.)
The dance held in Michel Hall for
the benefit of the returned Vets, was
a pronounced success, and reported
to be the largest assembly ever seen
in the .Michel hall.    •
According to agriculturist's a good
onion bed, must be walloped, bucked,
and even jumped on in order to get a
good growth. The O.B.U. has received
all of the above attention, "now watch
it grow."    °      .
: o ■'
A Suggestion Re
Nova Scotia
smuesTiirattituae or an international,
but fails to perform the function of
even a national body, then we sit up
and take notice, and we see what?
We see this same U.M.W, of A. allowing one district to defeat the adjoining
district, when they aro striving to ob.
tain better conditions. This fact
proves to us that what worked, in Eng.
land by Amalgamation, will not apply
hero, when our own organization will
not act, or use its own power to force
anything for its own membership.
Hoard Member Livett states he like?
he believes it will rouse the Interna
tho spirit of the O.B.U. movement, as
tional to the true sense of their duty,
by broadening their views. We are oi
tho opinion however, that this talk of
brightening or polishing the minds of
the workers, is becoming stale. It is
real action on the part of the workors
that Is necessary to show some of otir
executive heads, that we aro educated
to the point whero wu realize oui
weakness, brought about by the Inac.
tivitles of those name leaders of labor,
who will notor canuol lead them near,
or to their goal, Emancipation.
I cannot understand why our friend
Bob lulu'* exception to tho method ot
balloting, and the absolute power*
vested in thd Central Committee ol
Ave. which enables them to awing the
niau snows are ovw:
Canada is a tremendous country
sparsely populated. Tho labor move. not considered closely con.
nected; then why not a Big Union to'
meet the case?
Having in mind the Miners' situation remember our International.'
Yes. every miner In District IS, no
matter how illiterate lis may be, will
never forget the part car International has played as far as this district is
concerned. Moreover Brother Sus.
nar has let, a little light itt on the sub.
ject of the International whose officers
a'ro more concerned in giving advice
to Wilson at tho present time than in
giving advice to tho rank and tile of
tho 'membership. Wilson wants nd-
vice and Frank Hayes Is on the way
to Kurope to glvo It to him. Yes,
Wilson wants to know how llttlo tho
workers will be satisfied with, but
neither Sam Gompers, Frank Hayes
or Dave Hees are out to toll Wilson
how much tho workers aro entitled to,
There Is one redeeming feature
about It. When the One Big Union
is established wo sincerely hope that
most of thoso fellows will continue In
their ollice of giving Wilson advice,
In -Eastern Canada where the
Trades and Labor Congress has some
following Heen admits something Is
wrong. Tho people of Toronto and
Montreal are clamoring for something while Paddy Draper and Tom
•Moore dine with the Manufacturer*"
What sort of a policy would you have
adopted. The western men did the
only sensible thing that honest men
could do that was to wash their hand"
of the whole blame lot and start
On a venture, says Dave Hoc*.
Ye.*, an adventure not rdl-ibed hy l***l.
lot box artists, political actors, pan.
sive members of industrial unionism.
You can fool some ot the people all
the time but not all the people all the
time. We ran bore trom within ot
without but it not safe lo bow the
hole too big lest we fall throngh.
Dave R*m know* what he Is talking
about. He also knows tbat It is not
strictly cor reel. There is oo going
back In Industrial unionism. Bach as
lUwa and others mny call a halt for n
short time only.
It Is dilliculi to put up an argument
to anyone who has no argument.   Uut *
them la one thing they tell as, »hatr(h0 ^rt of onr delegation from the!    Whm w„ wan, ,„ „ miwrn< jmrmi>
tb«*r* nt* no llw* tal4 d-swn tet t*«* ,|lw|w*ft-pw,.j»t*ww.««■»»..» h** ftsrt hfl^-<*;*u| *Vmtm, tm *m.t, m,,,,*. **, t«i** intttt.
to go by.   Well I think it wlllt^ f«rth*r \b* r*«*«l*n»htp whlrh I nd. f jrje „f -».,*»»,> rfrlj mtiitt Jn ohki, the
$2.60 per month provides you against any accident aud
every sickness, and pays $40.00 a month from the day you are
laid up.
Particulars from
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. .-., Fernie, B. C.
Claims promptly adjusted from this office
A country coal mine in good location; scam 3 ft. .10 inches;
good dry roof and dry mine; newly developed; also storage
■bin to hold sixty tons, and blacksmith shop with .all nee'e-ssar'y
equipment.   For particulars apply to
Auditorium Theatre,Cranbrook, B.C.
The Event of The'Season
Tickets:- $2.00 per person    Refreshments
Tickets may be had from L. P. Sullivan
at The District Ledger Office, Fernie
ballot any way they see lit, nr, he j 0f all tho Locals.
ToTfie. Members orDislrict 18:
It has been brought to* the notice of
our Loc^l that thc capitalistic inter,
esta are preparing to wage
sive campaign against the One Big
Union movement in the coal fields. of
Xova Scotia.
They are ■evidently convinced tliat
their eaae is hopeless in this district
and are rallying their forces in the
way of International Organizers, etc.,
and intend to concentrate in the above
Realizing how Important it is to
neutralize their poison gas by bavins;
a capable speaker to present the case
for the Ono Wig Union, we are pre.
pared to help support such a person
and feel sure that it is only nece»Hiiry
to mention this to tho Local organizations in order to bring this to a sue.
ceBKl'ul isKUe.
Prompt action Is necessary for wi.
hear that International officialdom ia
conteiiiplatiUK u speedy removal of
somo of their special representative.*
from this district, their leaders realizing; the importance of preventing
the uniting in a movement of the Ono
tilg I'nlon of the coal miners of the
whole Dominion.
We are taking tho opportunity
through the courtesy of the District
U-duor of bringing thin to the notice
„  r*r\. JP^T_T__prLT*j%^-iT_
Htatiit, personally 1 full to see an/ difference to that of any election tanen
Iu District 18. I tako It that all unl m
bodies will appoint their
to conduct tlw voting and will tabulate
tbe result, and when the central ex..
ecutive report* tbe ttnal result. I will
have no doubt that tbere wilt bo n
complete return showing the results
Ing fund* of the varloua organisation*
from all local union*. That tho mom.
bers of the central committee ara uv.
to propagate their Idsas le not eor.
roct, became ti it not a fact, that r««.
olutlonti from our own district fmr-
vourod Industrial organisation, «o
tbat any ot our money which goei
from fundi really propagate! oar
own ideas. It may he correctly said,
that there may be a short period of
disruption, bat! want to state, thtt if
all of those wbo would oppose thn
movement would only tahe their coat*
oft and be prepared to meet the abuse
of pre*s and capital, by encouraging
If you are interested get your Local
to communicate with tho Dumber,
mono Local. Hox ISH. tolmontoii. at
onco, mating wbat support you ure
prepared to give and the man you
recommend tor the position, 1 am,
Fraternally yours,
Address all comunlcstions to Nox
48S. Wmonton. Alta.
Uy J. Ij. -KuUedge, Editor "Canadian Uroeer."
Tlie long expected and long hoped for orders for Hour for export, have not yet materialized, and the ■milling industry is faced
again by the necessity tii closing their plants, indeed practically till
th'e larger mills arc already closed, and will remain so. eating „|, j,os.
sihlc pruiit-s at an enormous rate in general overhead charges, until
further export orders'arc available.
The order froni the Wheat Kxport Company that- was to imve
amounted to 7:2,000 tons has air been handled, but iinf.n-ttinately this
order fell considerably below this amount, and when distributed
among the various exporting 'companies it wns hardly .sufficient to
cause a ripple on the surface of thc milling industry,
Here is a splendid example of the present system of Capitalittin.
Warehouses arc full to overllrtwing with flour and thc mills are
"forced lo close" while at lhe same time thousands of people iu Cau-
ada are feeling the pinch of hunger and trying to deviso moans of
procuring food, Any suggestion on our part of opening the doors
<>f the warehouses nnd pneking plnnts and thus ensure to every man
woman and child a plentiful supply of food \Vouhl bring upon our
heads a perfect avalanche of invectives. We would bc termed "An-
urvhUt," "HolKhuviai," "Hooligan," "I.W.W.," "Ue^itictiouwU,"
etc., etc. No the means of life must he held for export to enanra to
the owners abundant profits, and its they dose down the mills the
army of unemployed will increase and more workers will he hungry,
and the warehouses will rciiiaiti'overloaded.
To lhe IWstrlct ledger:--
In looking over ihe United Mine
Workers Journal tho other day—what
for I don't know— I found Ihe follow.
Ing letter:
Tab«r Alts
Kdltor, The Journal—I wlab to state
that the United Mine Workers" Jour.
nal bas any of the labor periodicals I
... „  . . H*»t Iwat hrll-1-vM.t sunt rr.Hikc*) In gl'•
the workers daring tht great change, inft n,ft ^j «itnaUon, Ktatiatics of It
that »»•* »'?,lt.,ttWI.ukl£!?I*liblIl kRa ul* T** fr,m *>,h#,r M**' •IM| i «li»'r» and workers, explaining the principles of
that period of disruption would not bi« - m,,, „,^r |m,k1 a|mil MW „ gfjwl w<,r<s » ** ■ •
Uf very long duration,   in eom'tuslon, <for jt. 1 »»m upon Ihf imputation tn me and throw off
b« made ap of good union men. <!ie!^,t^w mt!fm »n*i.*u* to obum *.'I»,rM:(tf,j wt,tptti 0t „ mmT in a" »w„i,iV
i Twice Canadiani Have Awakened to Find Bolshevist Literature on
Dooratepi—Police Ara Helpleii
Toronto is tmmewhat nervous over the inability of the jMiltee,
despite their best efforts, to discover the headquarters of the "Pro.
visional Council of Soldier* and Workera for Canada," a Itolshuviat
organization which even the most skeptical have been forced to concede ia a reality.
Twice in recent -flays, Toronto hn* awakened to find it* door-
step* decorated with printed four-page message* addressed to aoi-
of Mnl>hevjsm and call-
the thackien uf capita I ism
In l»lM»r circle* a radical eleiuroi! im*, mnde iN apfwarainv. The
mm* m inu* of the soldier**' ortritni*»te>n*     In faith inatane*^ the
elljfe   tile fOflftfrVMliVf element*  for  •><lj»lel««l"> ,
■JinVft'uun-ot oflW'inU Vile» ur.   v..*,M*»u*)U| tb«
■', „  ,. ii,. }  .„,.,,,   i..  «i*.*   .,  ,. *. ,.-*,*,«:.■• *,-  *».,     ...-.
l     ,',1,1.1!
t*  T .
whole of the *n« jabewtilp h»vi»g btd ,|„ im^roaiMisl. And when we he«riaKH| i^, teterity ut tb« terurd, Ww
eiperlence In union maters before\ut tt,<,ir (n»lncerii). their arsomm. hm- to knu* the output, th*' tirulnbl.
which I think Mr-Reoa will agree wHhiMa*j„iit *irik*.?#, in late or iu uu-n. t«t«*tt«^i, iU«er»«m nnd »».»t methyl* for
me aiigwrs well for Its sumwi*. jm|,„, workers nnorganlml,  their r.   .liffnent   u.rlc   in  ,i   mine,  toKeth.r
I don'l ear* what Horn and Whea- ifaaal to allow organised dtotrtet* tftU„h l)w, „«***» tr,m t^ {,,^4.r ^m-..
*r,*    lw,   t     I,.     ,.,*,   *     -,■*:■..     I*.     -.    t •...,*,»*>  *       *        I   ll-tr-'r-r.    Alt.**!**!**.      ■»''»«<»*    ■"*'«»» , ft,,, ...
Tbow i*t**n to iw#nty omnia**?** kept in -*i»»>™,n lw i win** pstw-r    » »m »»»«Bfc
wbo  »u.-im«Kt   tbat   coatttfencw  uadstiuirm umi m u»**uti*s<* ■*,**•*: i**.*-**.*'.^. _#»a „* th« Mmim mvx owm- o **•■
■mumm  thinking   *jMW|mn»i.-4ks  -as   well .per txatt, ifeeu  s<* m-*1'*1 -ww** "»   '"'(imih   »*   tnttt*ad   *»t   **   I*..
tbetetmre Ktrnm atsd WIsMtler h»v* «m* ' nnwInM^m f*is* nn rhmnp* mn l«»o ^^^(y
reason to rate o**r it,   Tfcejr wuttfthe workers In s moth wor*# predtca.t «. u  awiH
wait and nee and If th* wotbern in went.    Knowing this to tt* ttne, ate] b*e-Tr*nn. I. I* 2*. i«»«* is
ih* fowr wewt-erw nrmtttttmm hnaf ttm*"mmn*d *oi«Ht ittt* *w*m»»ffl «** *!l w*rk- *
ewty, wetl It te own* ot their twneral ief* for th* W.M.t. * "»**••* ***^  ***" »* •*•" ***" <*"*
MIN'KK       I HY HK.UU- ' *m sll "hfat h*il.ww»t * and f«*t aw.1
Iflllcnwi, April 1. i»l*. Mkbel. BC. •»"***«*•* •• • t*-p tot th* c^piialut
'    .Vnd so Uro   I>a\i» l*t Inter »le»! in
)Si# »rBt>ui>i  ml iitltaiuiaahl^  m-niS*:  a
, miner ran ptwdue* in • mcratti.   IVr-
."As chairman and ii*^  h*  l*  af«« fi»f«T"-»»od   i»  ib*
imaiiafinf direetor of lh* Kjrshtim group of proper!ira he produce*i*"4''""1 >^i *'- r **;!* t*,'aI *"" ui
il* hss r»»i««d**r»l»l* knowWfe **i llkal e«>uoU> l****U Utfotv. *x*x*['*.:^ Is'****" !-*-!i*- "*'  Till. (AJl'l'l.ll. ALL TIIL I.LAU. Al... TI.L h**'.      -,,   ,  t-Mt-mtn-t  *»*hu>.  i  *>■**,  •
VKH. AM« THK MSV. ASM n\K THIKI* OF Aid* THK liOl*l>f!***«» snias bf »r«» i*»n* snd ptmt.>%%!*& .P *.** «* ran get mr ttor,**
at*  t •   ,  t    I •    t>     •   •• :**d i* *•*»•* t*i«*ri*t l^-t*#-r ahmi iht***s |^ %i-HKrt)* K»*i«« u* yr-ttUh  a h-,%
tml n vmml to hmata. -or tmr g^aik* »&,. mb*t*m h** tinm- [*rmi* U**m U* a t**m»it **t i«ra»u*'*
i       Mr. t'r^ahart ia alio lefeatrtnaii of thi Irtysh tVitrp«ratian l.t«i Ad that h« dtdryt **p*r.i tn g*« .1* |ABi{ wp,***,.
th* kiM»«*t* ami latrr the ltolaheviki, one turua to find the raaaon* for, wm Mt WlMwl,^| ,^. f^wleW. rnllmm* m,t rtwr *****   TW* ' *■""'' """""'"' " "k k" ,!~—•-""" -   " - '	
'dietatorthip nf the pml*tariat" an.l i
radical*** have n»aehed nunori'-tl propnrtoi<(<i ennldintr th'''«> tn ehal-
ui.iit-tiiM'iiit ar*.
,,.. *, ,**.    .. *.„
t  lh.   nil Mai
*■-,;■' - v; s! tpJi*
rn.»ii»s/jitM»n in its
*     ,** .,' .,**.  *..   »,r.
and the \i'uly'i* rannot. iiti«f th*
amount for hia halr*«l of the Soviet administraiion    "Mr, !,e*H«
Mr. L«ilie Uniuhart—Ilrittah financier—la hitterfy opposed to
rwilslievitm and *ttffe*ta to the ftrittaher the new! of a "military | fjnjnhan is an oil and tninin* entineer"
dniaUMnhip" in Kuaaia
ii* iow i'«ni»id*rabl
tfytro th* rrv.duiion. having spent tone* T**™ thtn.
Having: m-fb a hwfthy exp»*rtett*e tn the lain! of the f7*ar andt
?- '•*:: T-? y'f   '.*-.■■ v.*    \-> •;■;*■  .-f A7
th«* actual fa«'t that it ha* a lU»U!teviM
,    ,    i .  «•»,.»•*...../ .»   .,  .. »   . t , .. .<■*■>*  .
ing dUtrthutt'-d a»6«*r»jf its workers
It \% «o,» ati^tr*stive <*f the revolutton.iry efl|.-i*«n»'y of the pnblish-
ftn iif lUdirinn t»s»|»'r«. *iri*id«t«'d dir*<'ttj' «nd*r tit* ttt**** of th«* Iter-
man *«*n<'|n*r*or« S«» Toronto i* nervow*.
! ".inwmst,**
i ■**** n it *
then    I'Jdt'tw"    •■!"*•   »'-;■«?•*    f>»
hJ»<|Wf.Mwf*.I«pfwsitt«nfoft'-ilieiator«»ip«iin«|»nii«.wn«i'   ■wij,.,)rp0rat[1,u W%1, f!nu,,? afCcr tflc eomutcacCtu.'Ut uf tft
rolYmw instead for military dietatonship. Um noaml »»a. king of the Kn«o-Aaiaii* Itank; ihe Rmm-AsMti
The Londoa Daily Mail furaialwi iia with a few detail* whieh iforjioration; and the Koaso-fhnxlian Development f'orporation.
•4>    Ihf
<-oiu»i* squared   »lth hi* firMct-r-taan I    ynt unla***.. I trad a im;-*
.entil   *Mtm-*h*>.r*i   uti-mtt-t   J*f«:<sfi*i*Mt:pf»M fwtwti?  mbnr* « tn*-**
W;ir  ^ t-B sD.J.i. . *.l*-i u,*** tko,. * *.*9**±*9.±..* ■■.., *..».»..».-
I itowtd fwa«*st »<• iMfw. in**.* «*dj|i*nM of wfcn*t*»*!« pieetrn and poena*
"ibe ethnr be)*" thst fhey ootr !»**-** !(,,,« *t,ark* had wH't*- « rlear v,r<ift« <»^
ing th* ki'sd at "gttlT' ih*j **.*• '»* ib* ' it, i>i* a.a4 *ih- l*r»*t4*-.t.t
tn   h\*   jut-lf*'***   to  th*  «h-m>hoM**w
*fi'1f,'lX   *n   l>».   |<ilt'«t|i<i   »»i»*eauii*«  J'   ws*
*#vtn*HI tn pi* p*e\*d to*asa*f* tt was
I' * **t»S»i*. th*jr ful **«*«  Wit!: 1%  ,'tit,
t>i  ihi-   |.r„*.f   %m m*4-« «>Sit ef th*
*!•!«.*< a.;nl rbiMr»ft ml mmo *bo
in th* *>-***r in >■>*».■»** HatiHat for t-heir
ir;. at » *.*>.at? **i % AfMnt ten pet. fpd<
%'AKW. iv,
tsxx.mtiM tmm.m mmuul iimi
MIMII ^^m^F^^mm
Pre-emption -now confined to attraayi
luiiis only.
Records will be granted covering only
land suitable for agricultural purpoaA*
afed which in non-timber tarvfl.
Partnership pre-eniptiona abolished,
hut parties of not mora than tour may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions, with
Jaint residence, but each making necessary improvements on respective clafir.-n.
Pre-emptors mUBt occupy claims for
the years and make improvements to
value of $10 per acre, including cle&rlrg
and cultivation of at least 5 acres, before receiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
tetis than S years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may. because
of ill-health or other cause, be granted
Intermediate certificate of improvement
Mid transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residenc
■lay be Issued provided applicant make*
improvements to extent, of $300 per annum and records same each year. Fail-
i.trt to make Improvements or record
game will operate aa forfeiture. Tltl*
aannot be obtained on these claims li*
less tlian 5 years, with improvements ol
110 per acre, including 5 acres cleared
and cultivated,- and residence of ul
least 2 years.
Pre-emptor holding Crown Orant may
recprd another pre-emption,  If ne  re-
?iulres land in conjunction with h'i»
arm. without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made and
residence maintained on Crown gran tort
Unsurvcved areas, not excee<iir*<: "i>
seres, mav ho leased as hom^'.tes
title to be obtained lifter fulfilling res),
dent Uii and improvement' conditions
For grazing and  industrial  purposos.
.  areas exceeding 640 a-mis-may be ieus.Ml
by one person or compnny.
Tlie scope of. this Act is enlarged, to
"include all persons joining and s.,-rving
with  His  Majesty's Forces.    .The  tilt:'.-  .
within which '.lie heirs, or devisei* «i** j cphnol-hnv ■iPnnfi
deccRfii>d pre-emptor may apply Un I aUiooj-uoy MOUL.s,
title under this Act Is extended from
outs'year from the death of such person.'
as formerly, until one year after tht
coi!<-iu.-ion of the present, v.-it. Tlii-
IB'lvilege is also made retroactive.
ACT. -j
Provision   is  made  i*<;r  the  grunt   tc j
persons    holding   nunconipleted    Airree-  :
menu to l'uri.'Hase'-from the Crown  t>t  ■
such proportion of the land, if ,djv.*sil.-l*-
as  the  payments    a!n:;uly     nvide ' u" i!   !
cover in  |H-op-.rtion to the'stnc price >*•'   '
the whole* natve.    T-vu or wort; per;>;^   ;
'holding tneh   Agremvients    muy    isv„:}[   i
tiieir intere.-t;-  and  apply  fur a  propor*   ;
tionate  :il!oim«nt.  jointly.     K  it   it*   m«   |
considered alvisabi-.; to div-'l« the Ii"t   j
coveri-d by an iipplieallon for a propor-* f
tioi::ite allotment, an allotinetit of ior'.:
of equal  value  selected  from  availabl-   !
Crown  iainl.-i  in    the    locahty  may   !>i-„j
jnade.   These Rllotfi«mts a;— co-'iiiUona-.j
upon  payment  of 'all  taxes    .hie     *.'i*   I
Crown   or  to  'any    mur.kapality..' T.i,* \
rights    of    persons   to. whom   ' !:e   p-ir-
chaser from the Crown  tins asreed ' to. j.
»el] are also proteeted.    The decision ".'  i
the Minister of Lands in iv<poe.t to (!■<
adjustment of a propertionale. Hll0tine:M   |
l» flnul.    The lime fur  making application for these  allotments  Is  limited   n* I
the lst day of Sfny, l'Dlli.    Any niM?!i<-:i'*
tion  made  after   iliis  date .will   not   he
considered.    These  allotments  apply   lo
town lots and  lands of the Crown sold
nt public auction.
For Information apply to any Provin
■tal Government 'Agent or to
,    <■;. rt   NADKN,
Deputy Minia'er of Lands,
victoria. B. C.
Political Action Of No Help
To Sinn Feinners
Ireland elected 73 Sino Fein members to represent tke people of
that small nation and her is an account of fow their RIGHTS' are
acknowledged by Great Britain:
"Of the newly-elected Sinn Fein members forty are in England
or Irish jails, mostly without trial, while aibout a dozen more are "on
the run," wanted on various "sedition" charges.   Two were arrested
since election, Cathal Brugha, M.P. for Tipperary, for giving his
name in Irish to the police, and Mr. William Sears, Mayo editor of
the "Enniscourt Echo," for an "inflammatory" speech*.   The Sinn
Fein election director was arrested in. the middle of the election campaign and interned (without*charge) in England, Sinn Fein election
addresses and literature were seized by the police during the campaign, meetings ,*to select candidates were in some cases dispersed
by the police as "illegal assemblies," and Sinn Fein funerals have
also recently been declared "illegal assemblies"'by-the authorities,
while the whistling of certain airs has also caused arrests and people have even been taken up for "seditious dancing" and illegal
"fishing in prohibited areas."   West Cork has been declared a "'prohibited area" and it is still necessary to obtain a. passport t0 enter
any part of it.   Above six hundred men and women of all classes and
creeds   (oountessses.   university   professors,   shopkeepers,   farmer,
ballad-singers,   musicians,   cartoonists   lawyers,
j poets, stone-cutters, shop-girls, editors, printers) have beon arrested
i and held on various charges.   Recently Australian and Canadian sol-
j diers have been put under arrest by the military police for wearing
] Sinn Fein badges, the jails through the country arp full to overflow-'
! ing. and in Belfast recently complaints were made that the ordinary
' criminals were being overcrowded owing to the inrush' of "politi-
! cals."   At Christmas under the leadership of Austin Stack, M.P. for
i Kerry, the "politicals" as a protest against the ill-treatment, of one
| of their number, Sean Dolan. M.A., took possesion of one entire wing
j of the prison and "held up" the authorities for several days until cer-
! tain demands were conceded by the government.   On January 5th.
'"Prisoners' Sunday" was celebrated throughout Ireland, over 300
meetings being held for the purpose of calling attention to the con-'
tiraied detention in prison of Sinn Fciners and to demand their re
lease.   Many have now been held in custody since May' last."
The above is taken from an article by. Mrs* Sheehy' Skeffingtbn
whose husband—Francis Sheehy Skeffington was shot in prison
without trial after the Easter rebellion in 1916. The Sinn Fein
Members of" Parliament are refusing to go to Westminister to legis-,
late and have started and independent parliament of their own in
Ireland. Wc hope that Erin's Isle will soon drop their nationalism
for the grand Internationalism of the Federated Socialist, Republic.
Raymond Robins
Tells Congress Why
Rolshevism Grows
Former Head of American Red Cross
in Russia Says Time Has Come To
Know the Facts —"Remedy the
Wrongs and You Eliminate the
Breeding Places of Bolshevishm"
Robins Tells Senators.
Barrister, Etc.
No letter should' be mailed without
the return address to tho wilder nnd
one dollar wo will print your luldresx
on one hundred good enrelope-s and
*«»»d them to you pout paid.
Cash With The Order
Hewi tw -$1.00 'for a trial order. If
you jtmfcr it better envelope semi un
11.2ft. Price* for lai-wr quantities nre
pro|M»rtli>iiitt<'ly lower.
(Excerpts from the Nation)
This alliance of victorious Governments, masquerading under
tlie pretentious lying title of a league of nations, organized for sheer
economic exploitation, has  nowhere in    its Constitution  sincerity
enough to make fitting one single inch of furtherance by aid of anv
honorable means whatever. It should continue and end under no
other than the auspices of its beginning." ,
If all the cost and sacrifice involved in a struggle to "make the
world safe for democracy" have purchased nothing better than a
rescript of old treaties, if it has not brought about the practical affirmation of a single essential democratic principle, we can not see
any place for opportunism in judgment. Faith, under such circumstances, is not faith, but indolent, shirking credulity.
What we have is a calm, arrogant, and ruthless formulation of a
plan of world-dominion by the five conquering powers, a device for
causing the exploitable territories of the earth to stand and deliver
without the risk and cost of war. Stripped of its verbiage and a cant
that is matched perhaps only in the Act of Algeciras, this is the sheer
fact of Articles XVI-XJX inclusive. The Governments of the United
States, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan are the league of
nations; they are the executive council; they appoint the dummy
directors; they paRs finally on the qualification of candidates; they
nro, in short, an absolute and irresponsible oligarchy. So far from
recognizing freedom of the seas, freedom of trade, disarmament, or
self-determination, their collusion precludes these possibilities. Inter nations! commerce eannot bo carried on except at their pleasure,
under their jurisdiction, and, it is surely by this time superflous to
add, to their profit. Teleologicnlly considered, we aro offered an economic alliance wliich has as ite primary object, in general, the exploitation of "he propcrtyless dependent class the world over, and. as
between nations, the exploitation of the vanquished by the victors,
and,of weaker nations by the stronger. It is an organization of what
Mr, Frederic C. Howe calls "financial imperialism" ruined to its high-
ml possibility. I* contemplates only a political peace, and that a
pax Ronsana. Of economic peace it gives no hint; cm the contrary*
it contemplates the inauguration of unprecedented economic war
WlASHINGTON, March 6.—tRaymond
Robins of the American Red Cross
mission in Russia, in a statement to
committee today, laid the blame for
the crumbling of the Russian military machine on the eastern , front
upon the United States.
He declared that had th'e United
States responded to the message
from the Soviet government of Rus.
sia and aide<l them at the crucial moment, Russia would have repudiated
the BrestJLitovsk treaty and remained
in the war.
Robins also said that, while he
had be-en unable to obtain aid from
the Kerensky government for the
work of the Red Cross, the Soviets
had given the American mission sup.
He pointed out that the reason that
the Kerenski government had failed
the American Red Cross and tho sov.
lets had been able to befriend it was
that the Kerenski government did not
control the vast areas of thinly popu.
lated country as the Soviets did.
The United States is the only coun.
try that has come out of the world
war sufficiently stabilized to ^neet the
challenge of international socialism,
Robins declared. In every respect
America has failed utterly in her Rus.
siSn policy, he said, piling blunder
upon blunder and mistake upon mis.
take and endeavoring to cover the re.
■suits of stupidity with lies.
/"The time has come, now, when we
must know the facts about Bolshevism," Robins thundered. "Not to libel
or to slander or defend, but to know.
Only by knowing can America meet
the challenge.
"The war is over now, and we can
tell and know the truth—look squarely
at the situation abroad. Italy is a gov.
eminent on a volcano; underneath
the surface in France is a growing
elass consciousness determined to put
thrcush the Socialist program. In
England the other day, Lloyd George,
with a Tory government behind him,
did not,dare to enforce the public law
against the Soviets in Belfast, be.
cause he was uncertain o£ his support.
Does this look like a movement that
vou can crush by mere denunciation?"
"How would you stop Bolshefrik
nrcpagahuTi in this country?" asked
Senator Overman.
Force Futile Against Ideas
"By telling the truth and showing
what is involved," Robins shot back
quickly. "If we keep up with the
march of progress, we need not fear
Bolshevism. But force alone Is an
German autocracy, Robins said, intL
mating that alleged proofs of German-
BOlsheVik connivance, such as £he
Sisson documents, had been prepared
solely in order to cover up outrage,
ous blunders made by administration
leaders in their policy towards Russia. He gave an interesting sidelight
on the dissolving of the constituent
assembly when he told how it was
controlled by Tchernoff, who Kerenski
and Breshkovskaya both agreed, was
hand in glove with the German miii.
tary intrigue.
"I believe ■'the forcible adjournment
of the Constituent Assembly was in
the interests of the Allied cause," he
Madam Breshkovskaya also came in
for sharp criticsm from Robins, who
said that, much as he admired her, .le
felt her attitude after Kerenski fell to
be very inconsistent.
."She spent her leadership," he said,
"fm trying to restrain the peasants
from realizing what she had always
promised them. If you encourage a
revolution, you must not be heard to
weep when it comes." .
A little later he remarked rhat, "if
I had lived in a state like Russia, with
a church like Russia, I, too, would
have been opposed to halfway meaa-
ures when the revolution came."
. Admired Trotsky
Colonel Robius told of his many
conferences with Lenine and Trotsky
and of his admiration for the states,
manlike qualities of the former, who,
he said, always was amenable to reason. Trotsky he characterized as "a
brilliant orator, with a power of sway,
ing men such as I never have seen in
another mortal." One conference he
had with the Bolshev'k leaders was on
the subject of debt repudiations. Both
said they were willing to take care
of the American" and British investments in Russia, but they could not
stand for the French debt. Lenine ex.
plained that the loans of the French
borugeoise to the Czar had kept autocracy in the saddle in Russia 30 years
after it would normally have fallen,
and that the people of the country
would not stand for repayment to
those whom they regarded as the mur.
derers of their kin.
Condemns British Officer
General Knox, a British officer with
the mission of that country in Russia,
he described as the type of man responsible for much of the Allied op.
pression of that country, Knox, he
said, was used to the British methods
of government in India and Bgypt, aad
told Robins that the only way to treat
with the Bolshevik was "to t-ake, 'em
out and shoot 'em." He quoted Knox
as saying "what these people want is
a Cossack dictatorship; some one to
hold the whip over them."
aRobins utterly condemned the" Czechoslovak invasion in Siberia, and
told hoiv it had overthrown a stable
government .in the outlying parts'of
Russia. To illustrate this he told of
his own journey across Siberia just
before Franco pushed the Bohemian
troops into that country. The trip,
he said, was made almost as quickly
as under the best days of the Czar's
regime. A letter from Lenine was
his unquestioned passport over the
entire 6,000 miles of travel and every
courtesy was shown him by the local
All Ratepayers whose taxes
are still unpaid for tlie year 1918
are hereby Reminded that inter
est is being: charged at the rate
of 8 per cent per annum, -
A tstx sale wil! be held on Oct*
ober 3,1919.
Must Gene Debs End
Hts Life In Prison?
ment can never expect to suppress a
desire for a better human life with
"Remedy the wrongs, and you elim.
inate the breeding places of Bolshev,
Ism." he continued. "The I. W. W."s
sprout and grow on economic .wrongs
left over spots in our civilization, like
the lumber camps of the Northwest.
Take the fear of unemployment, acci.
dents and sickness from the working
man's home, and you remove the need
of Bolshevism. Laws against the red
flag, or any other hysteria, directed at
superficial things, are of no avail In
the long run. Get at the fundamen.
Colonel Robins' remarkable speech
carried the greater force, because he
made plain that he is in no aense an
admirer of Marxian philosophy, which
he characterizes on "economically lm*
possible and morally wrong."
Two senators who are not members
of the probing committee n»t through
the entire hearing today in absorbed
attention. Thev were Hiram Johnson
and NorrlH. After the brief!comment
that he "had heard more than enough
to make Mm American soldlefl out of
Once or twice Senator Nelion Inter,
posed objections to Robins' testimony
and st last routed a suspicion of impatience In tho unfailing courtesy of
tho witness. >
"1 worked there months sincerely
aud honestly with Kerenski, and I
worked six months sincerely and hon.
estly with Soviets," Robins said. "And
now , when l come to tell you who
have never been in Russia something
of the truth, you tell me I'm n Bolshev.
Forged Documents
Tho Bolsheviki were the only party
ln Russia to consistently oppose the
100 $100
Printed . Postpaid
^Ov £!ioL**t £t:b®£?
Soviet authorities.
"After the Cisecho-Slovaks got ln,
I heard of plenty of disorder in Siber.
la," ho continued dryly, adding that
in his entire sojourn in Russia he had
not come across half as much disorder
as he could read about In a siuglo
Issue of an American newspaper.
How weakness and indecision on the
part of the State Department and ridiculous propaganda falsehoods by the
Creel bureau contributed more than
any other factor to the RuBlan collapse
and thereby cost thousands of Ameri.
can lives, was dramatically revealed
by Colonel Robins. He told of the general collapse of Russian morale with
which Kerenski had t<T contend on
coming Into power after the over,
throw of the Czar.
"The Russians," he said, "felt that
with the downfall of the autocracy
at home everything they wanted waa
fulfilled, and there was & general sentiment In favor of evacuating the
trenches and going home."
To meet this situation, he said,
American propagandists, meaning the
Creel Bureau, had posters distributed
telling of the power of America, Russia's ally, and promising that in a
few mouths the United Stiles would
have 20,000 airplanes and 4,000,000 men
in France and the war would be ovor.
Knglluh and French propagandists followed suit with stories ot thu greatness of Britain and the glory of France
The logical result was that the Ku*.
slan soldiers decided the little Md
they could give would not be needed
anyway, and, rather than run the risk
of getting killed nnnocesssarlly, they
got out of the trenches and walked
home. Thc Germans followed, quietly
appropriated the Idle artillery and
shipped thom to the western front,
Uri,   7,.:'   ...
Brule <nvi!!s.r \-,
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lii-f wiil •!.«..' «>■**»•'
A Mr
Btcretary Local
t iim»i
A Straight Tip
Advertisements in Tke District Ledger
r*nrar*l*    lf*fi
m,   m m   ta*   .   * m   ■*  P   -m
J. r* n tfa t'r>   ****f*r*
£■'     99  99 f     **   *9- IK ttt  ***m*
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ItfMl Union No 9170. U M W
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nom, j
Umtm oro hrtolty notified   U*i
tin* sway tmm   flrt-tnliUI mn*>
Wnirmor*, Alt*.,    until fwtftw
Utnr mmm .m iho otmrn link
BUlraort, AIU.
able to spend money*     It wilt be your
own jault if you donH get some of that
money     If you re interested, Get Bm$.
Three score years and ten is man's alloted span, Debs kas already passed through sixty-four years.of strenuous life and tke.imposition of if ten year sentence means that he, who loves freedom as >
it is given to few to love it,'shall spend his declining years in a convict's cell unless the workers intervene. A general strike is the only
reply to this latestaci pf bourgeoise tyranny. This sentence is a ble w
struck iu the class struggle by the opposing'side and it must be replied to by the blow that the workers can make effective—the withdrawal if their ewionmie power. A one day strike, a half hour strike,
even a live minute strike will be sufficient to-show that the. working
class means business. The manifestation of class solidarity will ke
enough to ensure success. Debs will have secured his greatest
triumph if lie can inspire such solidarity and labor will have marcke/i
forward many steps. •
■It may bo that behind this act of the Supreme Cou'i^l "there luks
executive pardon for Debs but Debs can ■take'care of that. If tke
workers of America allow the prison gates toclose for one day behind Debs then indeed they are sunk in lethargy. Monarchial England gave MacLean five years only to release him in nine mouths at
the demand of the"-ivorkers, Imperial Germany gave Liebknecht fomr
years and the workers burst open the prison gates before the tem.:
was over, Democratic America decrees ten years to Debs, what do tke
workers say"
The constitutionality or the uneiustitutionality of the law matters not, what does matter is that the application if the law is a class
act, an aet of aggression by the bourgeoise class against the working-
class in the person of its best loved spokesman. Bourgeois dem*.
eraey is a fiction for working class consumption. The law, the impartial law, the will of the people's representatives, is invoked fc>
cover a bourgeoise offensive in the elass struggle. It, was so in tkt
case of Moinev. in the case of JJnm-nnil^B^ha-wM^f^-tfriMtiwmA-
nameless one.s, but in this ease it must be clear to even the dullest
worker. Debs is punished for his love and loyaHy to his elass. tnv
his devotion to the highest ideals of his brothers.
Presidents and diplomat* may speak of liberty in ever so 'idealistic phrases but so long as Debs is imprisoned even the most gullible
must'gee that their words are a sham and a mockery. Bourgeois
demoeraey and idealism is itself tearing away the seales from the
eyes of the workera and tlfis latest aet is its greatest folly.
The workers must rely on themselves for their own salvation,
the first step to the realization of their power lies open through this
aet. Not only ean they free Debs and all liis fellows throughout tke
country but in so acting they move to free themselves from industrial serfdom.  The gage is thrown: Eugene V. Debs is to lie in jail
for ten years Take-up the challenge workers of Ameriea, ht
the general strike be your answer and let it be swift and sure!
By unanimous vote the United States Supreme Court bas upheld
the tea year sentence imposed on Eugene Debs by the Federal Court
of Cleveland some months ngo. Tho decision has been hailed vrHIt
unqualified delight by the bourgeois press, though a few, more vor-
acitua than the rest, have cavilled at the fact that the constitntio»al-
ity of the Espionage Aet, under which thousands of men and women
are already lying in jail, waa not definitely established. Here nod
there a word has been grudgingly inserted about Debs' persona!
courage and integrity but unfailingly the writers have answered tthe
call of their elass, or, to be more correct, the elass that employs the*.
There is a faint pretense that the confirmation of the sentence was •
matter of military necessity or national emergency, but even the moot
brasen editorials hastily leave this phase of the subject,
The elass conscious worker is, however, not decieved by aay
twist that the cunning of newspaper practice or thc trickery of le*al
where they immediately used them to j phraseology may employ.  He recognizes thc verdict as nn aet of war
InauKuralc the    Sfnrrh drlvo    which!       iU . .        ,        ,    , ..   4 _, ,    ,       .        .        *.*•»-.
hrouRht them almost to the gates of|«" the working class, he knows that Debs is not sentenced for the
Pnrts. , ,   ; pr^tMion of thc- country, in llie mumi that the twin is generally
This Robins said, was only one In-1       ....     .. '.        ... L       , ,       * *. .*
stance of how a Ulundorfns policy to. j1'**"- '"N' *nf t,'«' protection of the present system of exploiUtira
and robbery.   Few if any have Iuul the temerity to hurt the slander
of pro-Ocnnnimm ngninst Debs. is clear cut, for hnlf a
ccnfiiry ]l,*hn has fenrhtely chnmpioncd the cause of the workinjr
class, the class to which he belongs and from which he acome'd' to
rise.   In.every crisis his voice, his pen and his powerful perxonslilv
wij'Tbe i£«£S*oMho 'loS? «miM bnv<l '"■fr*"1 ihi% w«rlws °» <mv«r<?" emancipation.   Kvery state tn thc
r.viitiitiiiii    . itohiif,    with    Colonrl j union bit* bom thc kimmic if hi1* lnbor*. all over the country thc pc#-
ple have flocked lo bear bis voice nnd never sln«'c he flret set hi.<» face
toward the tmdipht of Ibe jicw ilny hm he faltered in bis allcgiaTK'e
to thc cause uf ibe world's opprewwl. It is because of his ndhercace
*.<v this .-.'.um* ihat lhe M-.ilt'.Wf x*i%* fu>t 3M»p»*fd and ils ittiposi»*tti
h now confirmed,
Jt i.s irnc that in it* broad aspect lhe Debs tune differs lint liltle
fnnn the UutUHiutds «tf oilier* llin«iit.'biiil  the w»nnlry,    Kvery run-
! ton for ai«.r *«.
y~ui).i» lii'iiariani'
l ttt.vt.*.*,ll*tfv   nf e-tu-ll   nv-twuU-Hirn      11t*1
)»rr,v**\ to nml ih* ituMmiM m mil ( »«»»*»» ■»-"»»♦".   !*«•»»*. Nv his lemrtti of service, by his intellectual »••
iiww»r. and u.w ittwitifeii irtn.t a m#m- j tefrity, and above all by his limitless love, holds a unique positios.
He ia the pulsing heart of the rebel waff* slave. He voices the ery of
fhe child worker for sleep, nnd play ant! sunshine—fnr childhood;
, tttt** in* 11imiiii Ntiiftinfrs oi the woman toiler for Innjthter. and
love, and beanty—for womanhood: he voim the inarticulate demand
of the slave man for leisure, and bread and home—for mnnbiod; ht
voice the ery of humanity for economic freedom, for life. He f« thn
soul if tht American Socialist movement and th'e Inspiration of every
txtb*r efirwfan. worfcfnir etas* orjtttnfza!?fl*ft to tfc« oountry, and ttt*
imprisonment is ■ raw flnnff it the feet of the workers.
The impmonment of every member of oijr elssi is such a ffatft
flnnr with patrician scirn in the path of tbe "rabble0 hut it is nol
to h« expected that the workers have yet beeonte soflleiently edn-
eot*«i to view It Sn tfcfc Iffffit, it thousand incidents diatroct their attention fiom the main "wot, Debs' eaae, however, h clearer ent.
There ron bo bnt one answer to thit ssualt on the worker, we mast
pick np the gtfre on the point of th* sword of out economic roi»h*
nnd hurt it bnck
wards Russia hy th<> ada'nl.riratlor,;
had played Into Oerman hands j
Played Germany's Osme
When KercnsUl came Into {tower,
itnhtns sHd, tho rttiHsinn troopii were
utterly «l<*k of lUhtlntf. hnUnr,  al-
| Thnnipnon, x*hn wns at thai Umc Bt
jfl'o head of th«> l.'od f'ross work in
i lUwl«, t'nnct'lv"'! ih« Ides of im»ti».
-Simula   Mirk among  thc  sold-lers  i«
'■h'-tv ihsiii thit Ity hohlli;' the front
j >)<<■/ (■■o'tM *)tr >*r-rv<« ji>r. r,.viititt!.)'-
(trcrn ofi-rittr*.!**,' by -Jinrmany. To tht*
♦ work t i-,!r>n«'t Thump-mri cnpir'buft'd
! II .wo.iwo mit ft hi* |)rlvaf*> jwr*«-.
■ This mutiny rwninif tmi, Hoblmt
i < >b!'*(! m, H"wn *-f«rit':*t tn \Vft*hlnK
rpiily from the) viHlon affninst a -Socialist, I.W.W. or other class conscious worker
is backed by thc same class tyranny, is an act of war by the capitalist*
eutiutnt toe ttortie-rx.    ttm in its more intimate phases the case
As an instance of how the Oerman
j>roj>fiKfi'nll'**!K in Hnstia had outwitted
ib** A!li<M, H->Wn* r**ft-tr»d ti tbt* nt*
r«t«rrrntf in whtrlf tne MoHNivtkl nre
; now een-trally held.   This was what
j thr '>rm*rm souaht, l^e *nW, fn order
that they mixht hsve the whole ield
free for ttelr own commercial exploitation afiwr th« wsr.
He ssld that the Oermsns flnsneed
in-* -nrMirtH snsrrhlat tvrisnfisttoRS
, ., I.,,,.,, ,^ „r.|er t0 djicresjjt the Uoi.
-hrt-vtvi with the Allies, ont told of
'     i   tri'Ut u" U'jtuImww'Uis
, which loot place ia Moscow While he
•'e-   •• wh*eh the BtrtslMVlkl
■" ■*    — «r»l brand new tnatbino
I mm with the marks of th* Oerman
,».,.••»-« m -!,,»,„.   the dntrno ot an
IfflMfvhM ttob te Ssrstof, protUllna
I tar the nstionslttafkm Af wmoon. to
t*h*trt» mtwh jwtWtclty wss weemty
(#f ttn. he ton. was very llhtly saother
eismple nt soccessfu) Qermsa props-
i-^W^<f4# f * mtm ••■*•*'     ***<
ja*2 /
And then a muffled scream cams
froin the cavernous mouth of tbe dark
bole beyond the sacrificial altar
through which the priestess had entered the temple. Without even a
thought for hia own safety or the possibility for escape which this rapid series of fortuitous circumstances had
thrust upon him, Tarzan of the Apes
answered tbe call of tbe woman in
danger.   With a lithe bound he was at
Copyright. Ull by W. G. Chapman
lilleO   W1U1' WTtCCUers,    vfut.c   uv,.,.   na
arched doorway at tbe east end of tbe
chamber a procession of females (lied
slowly into tbe room. Tbey wore, like
the men, only skins of wild animals
caught about their waists with rawhide belts or chains of gold, but the
black masses of their hair were In-
crusted with goldeu headgear composed
of many circular and oval pieces ot
gold Ingeniously held together to form
a metal cap from which depended at
each side of the head long strings of
oval pieces falling to the waist
Bach priestess bore two golden cups,
and as they formed in line on either
side of the altar the men formed opposite them, advancing and taking each a
cap from the female opposite. Then
the chant began once more, and presently from a dark passageway beyond
the altar another female emerged from
tbe cavernous depth beneath tbe chamber.
Tbe high priestess, thought Tartan.
She was a young woman with a rather
intelligent and shapely face. Her ornaments were similar to those worn by
ber votaries, but much more elaborate,
maay being set with diamonds. In the
girdle she carried a long, jeweled knife,
aad in her band a slender wand In lien
of "a bludgeon.
As ahe advanced to the opposite side
of tbe altar she baited and the chanting ceased. The priests and priestesses
knelt before her, white with-wand extended above tbem she recited a long
and tiresome prayer.
When she finished her prayer she let
her eyes rest for the first time upon
*RtrzuB. With every Indication of considerable curiosity she examined htm
tree* bead to foot. Then she addressed
Mot and stood waiting, as though she
expected a reply.
"I do net understand your language,"
said Tarzan. "Possibly we may speak
together in another tougue?" But she
could not understand him. though he
tried French. English. Arabic, Waziri
and. ns a last resort, tiie mongrel tongue
of the West Coast
mat, no matter wnat i may tmmc or
your creed. But..wbo are you-wbat
people have I fallen among?"
"I am La, high priestess of the Temple of tbe Suh, in tbe city of-Opar. We
are descendants of a people who came
to this savage world more than 10,-
000 years ago in search of gold. Their
cities stretched from a great sea under
the rising sun to a great sea into which
the sun descends at night to cool his
flaming brow. They were very rich
and very powerful, but they lived only
a few months of the year in their magnificent palates here, the rest of tbe
time they spent ih their native' land,
far, far to the north.
"Many ships went ba<?k and forth between this'"new- World" and the eld
Muring the rainy season there were but
lew of the inhabitants who remained
here. only.those, who superintended the
working of the mines by the black
slaves and the merchants who had to
stay to supply their wants and ihe soldiers who guarded the cities and the
mines. ■
"It was at one cf these times thnt the
great calamity ocenrred. When tbe
time came for the teeming thousands
to return none came. Tor weeks the
people waited Then they sent out a
ureat galley to learn why no one «-sune
from the iiiother country.'but (bough !
they sailed .about for many mouths j
they were - unable to lind any trace of
rhe girl, tie raised her tieaa rrom cue
roughs-boards of the boat's bottom
There might be life in thai puor. sturv- ,
ed frame eveu yet. Ue could not quite
abandon ull hope, and so he sei/.ed a
waier soaked rag and squeezed the
precious drops between lhe swolleu
Tor some time there was uo sign ot
returulug animation.- but at last his
efforts were rewarded by a slighi
tremor of the half closed lids. He
•liafed the thin hands and toned a lew
mure drops-of water into the parched
throat. The' yirl opened tier eyes,
looking up at him for a ioug tluie be
fore she could recall her surroundings
"Water?*'  slie  whispered.    "Are we
saved V"        , '
/ ■    ■ -*
"it is raining,'* *he explaiuca. "We
may at least drink Already it lias revived us both "
"Mi Thurau"-"' she asked.    "He did
UOt kill you.     is  he (lend':'
"1 '■ do not know.'" .ivpth-d Clayton
He raised his eyes tlu-* body ot
tlie mini, nnd as..they passed above
the gunwale of the'tio.-it lie staggered
weakly to his feet with a little i-rv ot
"Land, Jane:"' he almost shouted
through his erneUetl lips, "Thank Hod.
laud:-" /,)
Tho girl looked, too, ami there, uot a
hundred yards away, she saw *., yellow
beach, and beyond, the luxurious "oli
the mighty land that bad for countless"! „'g,,. of a   tropical  Jungle     Th'wv  set
Ths Mad Sun Worshiper Battled With
the Tenfold Power of the Maniso.
the gaping entrance to the subterranean chamber and a moment later
was running down a flight of age old
concrete steps that led he knew not
where. "
The faint light that filtered In from
above showed him a large, low ceiled
vault from which several doorways led
off into inky darkness, but there was
no need'to thread an unknown way, for
there before bim lay the objects of bis
search—the mad. brute bad the girl
upon the floor, and gorilla-like fingers
were clutching frantically at her throat
as she struggled to escape tbe fury of
the awful thing upon her.
As Tarzan's heavy band fell upon his
shoulder the priest dropped his victim
and turned upon her would be rescuer.
With foam flecked lips and baredffangs
the mad sun worshiper battled with
the tenfold power of the maniac. In
the blood lust of bis fury the creature
had undergone a sodden reversion to
type, which left him a wild beast tot-
getful of the dagger that projected
from his belt, thin « ig* only of nature's
weapons witb which his brute prototype had battled.
But if he co.ul0, use his teeth and
hanjtejo advantage lit* found one wnn
La, the   Priestess.
AT her signal the priests rushed
f\    upon the ape-man nnd. lifting
XjL Wm l>odl,y- lnid him upon his
back across the altar, his head
hanging over one edge, his legs over
the apposite. Then they and the priest
eases formed In two tines, with their
little golden cups in readiness to cap-
tare a share of the victim's life blood
after the sucriinial knife bad accomplished its work.
In the line of priests an altercation
arose ns to who should have first place.
A burly brute with all the refined intelligence of a gorilla stamped upon Ida
bestial face was attempting to push a
smaller muu to second pki-pe, but tbe
susller oue appealed to the high priest-
ona, wbo iu a cold, peremptory voice
seat tbe larger to the extreme eud of
the Hae. Tarzan could bear bim growl-
lag and grumbling as he went slowly
to the inferior station.
Thea the priestess, standing abova
ttm, bes&u reciting what Tarean took
ta be un Invocation, the while sba
atowly raised her thin, sharp kntfa
.aloft It seemed ages to tbe ape-man
jbafora ber arm ceased Its upward
•pvacreaa and tbe knife baited bleb
iabava hia unprotected breast
; Thea It started downward, slowly at
'feat, bat aa tbe incantation Increased
ita rapidity, with greutcr speed. At tba
and ot tha Una Tarzan could still hear
tba gnunbllng of tbo disgruntled priest
lba aian's voice rose louder and loader.
A prtestesa near bim spoke In sharp
af rebuke. Tba knife wjw quit*
ta Tanan'a breast now, bat It
hatted far an Instant ns tbe high priest*
aaa ralacd ber eyes to shoot bor swift
dU»totsart at the instigator et tbla
aacriiegioua Interruption.
Ttwr* waa a sudden commotion la
the direction of tbe disputants, and
Tarzan rolled bis bead ln tbelr dlroc-
ttoo to tine to see the bnrly, brute oC
a prioat leap upon tbe woman opposite
Ua, dashing oot bar brains with a ala*
gle Maw of hit heavy cudgel,
Hia screams of rage were frightful
aa ha dashed hither aod thither, dual*
kw terrific blows with hia giant wcap*
better versed in the school of savage
warfare to which be had reverted, for
Tarzan of the Apes closed with hitn.
and they fell to the floor tearing and
rending at one another like two bull
apes, while tbe primitive priestess
stood Battened against the wall, watching with wide, fear fascinated eyes the
growling, snapping beasts at her feet.
At last she saw the stranger close
one migbty band upon the throat of
bis antagonist and as be forced the
brute-niau's bend fnr back ruin blow
after blow upon the upturned face. A
moment later be threw the still thing
from bim. and, arising, shook himself
like n great lion, lie placed a foot
upon tho carcass before lilm unci raised
his head to give the victory cry of hts
kind, but as bis eyes foil upon the
opening above him leading Into the
temple of human sacrifice he thought
better of bis Intended act.
The girl, who had been half para
lyzed by fear as the two men fought
had just commenced to give thought to
her probable fate now that, though released from the clutches of n nwlmnn.
she bad fallen Into the bands of one
whom bat a moment before she bad
been upon the point of kllllug. She
looked nbout for some means of escupo.
Tbe black month of the diverging cor-
rldor was near at hand, but as she
turned to dart Into It the npe-uinn's
eye* fell upon her and witb a quick
leap ba was at her side and n restraining band waa laid upon ber arm.
-Walt!" said Tarzan of tbe A pen. Id
tha language of tbe tribe of Kerclmk,
The girl looked at bim in astonishment
-Who ara yoaf' she whispered, "wbo
speaks tbo language of tbe first manf*
"I aw Tttivau of the Apes," bo answered Id tho vernacular of tbe anthropoids.
"What do you want of owl" sba continued. "For what purpose did you
aav« ma from Thar
**l could not sea a woman murdered?"
It was a half (jiie*tlon tlint answered
"But what do yon intend to do with
me nowT she continued
"Nothing," he replied, -but you can
do something with tue-ymi can lead
ages borue tbeir ancient civilization—,
it had sunk into the sea.
"From that day dated the downfall
oi my people. Disheartened-and. un-'
happy, they soon hwnme a prey to the
black hordes'of the north and the black
hordes of the south One by one the
cities were deserted or overcome. Tbe
last remnnut was dually forced to take
shelter within this mighty mountain
fortress. Slowly we have dwindled Id
power, in civilization, in intellect, tn
numbers, until now we iuv no more
than a small tribe of savage apes.
"In fact, the apes live with us. and
have for many ages. We mil t'hetn the
first men-.we speak ihelr language
unite as much as we do nur own: only
IU  the  rituals of the  temple do  we
make any attempt to retain our mother
tongue, in time lt will be forgotten,
and we will speak only the language of
the apes; in time we will no longer
banish those of our people who mate
with apes, und so in time we shall descend to the very beasts from which
ages ago our progenitors may have
"But why are you more human than
the others?" asked the man.
"For some reason the women have
not reverted to savagery so rapidly as
the men. rt may be because only the
lower types of men rcmalued here at
the time of the great catastrophe, while
the temples were filled with the noblest daughters of tbe race. My strain
bas remained clearer than the rest be^
cause for countless ages my foremoth-
ers were high priestesses.   The sacred
■nfflifA itpgp-nnfla -f«ipi_i»M>th*ap_***ft_*^gMgh„r
about reviving Thuran.* but it required
the better part of half an hour liefore
the Russian evinced sufficient symptoms of returning consciousness to
open his eyes. By ttrfs time the boat
was scraping gently upon the saudy
Between the refreshing water that he
had drunk and the stimulus of renewed hope, Clayton found strength to
stagger through the shallow water to
the shore witb a line made fast to the
boat's bow. Tbls be fasteued to a
small tree which grew at tbe top of a
low bank.
Next hexmanaged to stagger" and
crawl toward the nearby jungle, where
he had seen evidences of profusion of
tropical fruit His former experience
in the jungle with Tarzan of the Apes
en «r sinking his yellow fangs into tha ' "" Tl ' f ** tft 'rw,<m    »*
bm ot some luckless victim, am j w«^«h« »'W«tl»n withoui thesllght-
daring it tbo priestess stood with pots- If!tbmm m\*h" W0,,M '•"•"'«• ,r»
a« knife above Tanan, bnt eye. Died I '*•* *"u* «» «•« Ummim*-* would
ia horror opon tb* maniacal thing that f,yn fr°2"? !"»>"« *b*'« it had been
waa dealing out desth snd deatructJaa J "Tri1**?,        •" lfflM,,,lM" hn'1
to her votaries.   Slowly ho crept to- ?h<"r W9y- ttmUttU lm wm '""""J* '"**»
ward her aud uow ho spoke, but thia
i tl*»t* thst tbey wnntrl ttrul Tare-in of Ihe
tima there fell open Tfirww'a surprised I ,A,*UT" ******* "»«' w»h » !""« *««w
earn a language ha eoald ondmtandj I J? ** _ta»* a °»** '*** M*!«M" **■
nntn a language
ttll*     lift    ***!*    It*ltt    *,
th-rmtttt of e-mnloTtiic In att^mpHn-g to ''
con veno with human b-rtnga-tho law t'
guttural barking of tha tribe of gnat
atitlrwpoAH-tih ew® m-Xbtt tonftat
**y^A^^7.l :i**,H «''0,< Tsrutn tN-metmt VwiVi'V. *
I tie trirl Mood looking nt him for n
i„ MiiiwtuC nukkuv n\et epwhe.
;*vn mre a   U*iy   mmtiului  iu,in.'
sin- wild     "Vmt mnt* ■»«•«'j* -» m:-.m ::•*, I
ter.   Our husbands are chosen for us
from the noblest in the laud.    The
mo^t perfect man mentally nnd phys- i
icolly is selected te be the husband of
the high priestess."
"From what I saw of the gentlemen
above," said Tifrzan, with a grin,
"there should be little trouble lh cho<w.
Ing from among them."
The girl looked nt him qulzzlcully for
a moment.
"Do not be sacrilegious," she said.
"Thoy are very holy meu. They nro
priests." " *
"Then there ore others who are better to look upon?" he asked. j
"The others are all moro ugiy than :
the priests," she replied. ,
Tarzan shuddered ut her fate, for j
eveu In the dim light of the vault be j
was Impressed by her beauty. I
"But bow about myself?" hu asked ,
suddenly. "Are you going to lead me i
to liberty?" j
"Tou hav» been chosen by the flam- j
j Ing god as bis own," she answered aoi- I
I emnly.  "Not oven I bavo tbe power to j
, save you-sbould Ihey (lud you again, i
j But I do not Intend that they shall And )
j you.    Yoa risked your life to save |
: mine.   I may do no less for you.   It <
will ba no easy matter. It may require 1
days, bnt In tbe ond I think tbat 1 can i
lead you beyoud tbe walls. Come, they j
will look bora for me presently, and U j
they And ua together we shall both ba i
lost,   Thoy would kill me did they ,
think that I bad proved false to ay
tod." {
"Toa must not take tbo risk, tben," j
ba aald quickly, "I will return to the j
temple, and If I can light my way to <
freedom thare will be no suspicion *
thrown upon ymi."
Bat sba woald not havo It so and )
finally persuaded him to follow tier, ,
saying tbat they bad alraady reuwioed *
In tba vault too long to prevent suspl- *
don from falling upon her even If tbey
returned to the temple.
"I will hlda yoa, and tben return
alone," she aald, "tailing them tbat I
waa long unconscious after yoo killed •
Tba. and tbat I do not know whether '
yoo escaped**
And ao she led him tbraogb winding
corridors uf gloom, until finally tboy
mm* to a small chsnitwr into wbWi a
little light filtered through a moot grating In the eelflng
11ht« la the i tmtnber of tb* Dead,"
sho sakl. "N'otie wilt think of searching hare for you-they would not dart.
I will rotnm after It Is dark By thst
tlnw I mny bnr* fonml n plan fo effect
your -escap*.*
Wbe w»* gone, md Tntran ot tha
,lp«i wa* left stone In fhe Chumhwe
i*t the Umd, beneath tb* long d*ad
< .,J   ***   ij\i'li.
defense one ror nunuug tne larger
game for food.
Professor Arc-hiniedes Q. Porter was
tbeir only Immediate anxiety. Fully
assured iu Uts own mind tbat his
daughter bad been picked np by a passing steamer, he gave over tlie lasf vestige of apprehension concerning her
welfare and devoted bis giant intellect
solely to the consideration of those
momentous and abstruse scientific
problems which he considered the only
proper Pood for thought in oue of his
erudition. His mind'appeared blank to
the influence bf all extraneous matters.
•"Never," said the exhausted Mr.
Samuel T Philiinder to l^ird Tenuing-
ton. "never has Professor Porter heen
more difficult er-1 might sny impossible. Why, ouly this morning, after 1
had been forced to relinquish my surveillance for a tirict half hour, he was
entirely missing upon my return.   And,
bless hie. sir. where do you Imagine I
discovered him": A baif mile out inthe
ocean, sir, in one of the lifeboats ruw-
iug'awny for dear life. 1 do not know
how he attained even that uiaguificent
distance from shore, for he hud but a
single oar, with which he wus blissfully rowing about iu circles.
"When oue of the sailors had taken
me out to bim iu another boat the professor became quite liidlguaut at my
suggestion tbat we return at once to
land. 'Why, Mr. Philander,' he said.
'I am surprised that you, sir, a man
of letters yourself, should have the
temerity so to interrupt the progress
of science. 1 bad about deduced from
certain astronomic phenomena I bave
hud under minute observation during
tbe past several tropic nights an entirely new nebular byiwthesls which
will unquestionably startle the scientific world. I wish to consult a very
excellent monograph on Laplace's hypothesis, which I understand is iu a
certain private collection in New York
city; Tour interference, Mr. Philander, will result In an Irreparable delay, for I was just rowing over to obtain this pamphlet' And it was with
tbe greatest difficulty that I persuaded him to return to shore without resorting to force," concluded Mr. Philander.
Miss Strong and her mother were
very brave under the strain of almost
constant apprehension of tbe attacks
of savage beasts, nor were they quite
able to accept so readily as tbe others
the theory that Jane, Clayton and M-
Thuran had been picked up safely.
Jane Porter's Esmeralda wns In a
constant state of tears at the cruel
fate which had separated ber from ber
"po' li'le honey."
Lord Tennlngton's great hearted
good nature never deserted him for a
moment, fie was still the jovial best
seeking always for the comfort aud
pleasure of his guests. With the men
of his yacht he remained the just but
firm commander. Tbere was never
nny more question in tbe jungle than
there had been oh bonrd the Lady
_AIIcih jug t-o who was the finaLaulhuck
spring tbat wouia ena tneir yttoog
lives beneath cruel, rending, yellow
fangs. Jane Porter sank to her knees
in prayer, closing ber eyes to shut out
tbe last hideous instant.
Seconds dragged into minutes, long
minutes into an eternity, and yet the
beast did not spring. Clayton was almost unconscious from the prolonged
agony of fright. His knees trembled-
a moment more aud he would collapse.
Jaue Porter could endure it no longer. She opened her eyes. Could she
be dreaming?
"William.'* she whispered, "look!"
Clayton mastered himself sufficiently to raise his head aud turn toward
the Hon. An ejaculation of surprise
burst from his lips. At their very feet
the beast lay crumpled in death. A
heavy war spear protruded from the
lawny hide. It had entered the great
Hack abovt. Hie rl iiii t shoulder, ami.
passing entirely through the body, had
pierced the savage heart.
.lane I'orter bad risen to her teet; as
Clayton turned back to her she sttig-
•jvred iu weakuess. lie put out his
firms to save her from falling, and then
drew her close to him -pressing her
head against his shoulder, he stoojied
to kiss her iu tbunksgiviug.
tJently the girl pushed him away.
""Please do not do that. William," ahe
said. "I have lived a thousand years
in the past brief moments. The last
few seconds of my life liave taught me
that It would he hideous to attempt
further to deceive myself aud you, or
to entertain for au instant*longer the
possibility of ever becoming your wife,
should we regtilu civilization."
"Why, Jane." be cried, "what do
you mean? What has our providential
rescue to do with altering your feelings
toward me? You are but unstrung-
tomorrow you will be yourself again."
"I am more nearly myself this minute thau I have been for over a year,"
she replied. "The thing that has just
happened has ugaln forced to my memory the fact that tbe bravest man
that ever lived honored trie with his
love. Until It was too late I did not
realize that 1 returned It and so I
sent him away. He Is dead now, and
1 shall never marry. Do you understand me?"
"YeSo" he answered, with bowed
bead, his face mantling with the flush
of shame.
And It was tbe next day tbat tbo
great calamity befell.
Aad tha woman answowd tba nan If j ^ZT* 1,11"* ft' *Tm*,w *','"*
tha same language. !!.. na* ",' |,# ttiH;   \on ,,r*' *"''» *
to mum* with him, for It waa quit. T ^"'"l im.t ^"t ''T* *•"
avMaat tbat ab* aaw tbat ba was past «t »;^!» *h" b,tl'1 «w* mf*> **> '•»
bar aathority. The brut, waa quit. »-*" ^ •"I**?™" ""V "/*
cio*. now-ciaaplag with cUwllka |!'';.J f»'*•/««'"» "'«' «»;««- * v*
banda meomtetrnr* bar mwI M\^ ^ ",wf *«""• /"' *'""•
Z ond of tba altar.   Aa tba brat* j^H^t,
l «..t*.i..>l iin.J.-;-mtHl mhy j«*i mine
m\   u-'.-ftf li.  tht- tir-t  iiWrr   . i »
lw"!' I -cunt"-' ,!(.■■'', i ■ i.iti*? r,in. n
tB« end of tha altar.   Aa tba brat* 1
ktX'S'A pt*t T.irxiin t" clutch hi* vktfi*
tbe apa-man gs va oat superhuma* ', t
■w-f.'-n -h ir th.* tb"ttga thttt ficM fcfnfc
The - .Ten m'tti him toiling from tlw
altar to tb* atone door on tha opiNMftt
tide from itot on wbkb tha prfmtttf
ntr>*d, hot m bt tpraRg te ht* fe*t tbt
tbons* dropped from lit* rraad nrtPO*
and nt th*- rm<w tint* ht renllted tlmt
kw y.*** mUm-m* it* %i*m Xuumt imtpAm-tbt
hlPh i*rtrtvim and tbt m«i ptttPt tPt
,lX*m**iit*'*rtH\  i;
!'•*  . 1 ■ Mtl*!   V, 11,1 .   t(*. - ,l:±
nn* wltlilr* ymir |«iwh*. y*n* *Ut n«i at -t*
If     !«•     U.%1 l,.!.;*t     i,]..  ■".     fn,*     J,,j      -3-1*, ,*;%
i-,-t-,t,-w*'ii jou to itviis'i   tut' innu>s t„
rt-it,9i put you ; • detilb with wt
O-t 4"
""-       n     .-■•''   I, I.   '    i
, , l' i* *.    ,.       .., .   .......
•"tt»*»| ;,,t, lcj I»«»t»»*t*sr,| |l .   |t-i*i<**ij(»(.,-* ,**>
fill,I    ll'll 'lllll        |   I ,A,t,l,\   i.i,,ll,»-   M.I,   I*. t
Tb* Castaways.
f.AYTON dreamed thai he was
» ?., -   . i     . * *    >
...     .„ ,    ....... *«.♦». >,, *,<*»*-»
dell-vUtiTul druit* mf Umb wntet.
tilth a *t.irt be tv^timed «w
srlooaneaa to Hod himself wet tltruugb
by torrent* of rain that weie failing
Into tbt -upon boat a^ui» Ui* UMy Mud
hi* upturwd face, a heavy tropical
•bower wm bentim t1t**n npwi them.
lie optutd hi« eioutli «in,| drank. Prw-
>t»tly he wa« so revluM n\„\ ntn-nsth
Mted that he wss .enabVd t<i rslne him
actf .span hii bittdn. Atrtm hi* togs
lay U, Thttwft    A few teat sft H*»
i Porter waa hnddttH In a pitiful tfttfa
twnp Pm tht bottom of the boat- ait
, **** ■fBftf *ttll.   Clsjtwa Uioaxit Hat
' *he wm deed
!   Aftar Infinite l«U>r he rafemmd bias-
*' arlf trmo Tlmriin** pKnloafng body aad
with rwwwed ttr<imtUt rrawi«4 twwat
"Land,  Jans!"   he   almost   shoutsd.
"Thank Opd, land."
had tmigjit him which or the mnny
growing things were edible, and after
nearly an hour of absence he returned
to the beach with a tittle tmuful ot
%For a month tbey lived upon thu
bench In comparative safety. As tbeir
strength returned the two meu constructed n ruiiu shelter In the brunches
of a tiw, high enough from the ground
to Insure safety from the larger beasts
of prey. Hy day they gathered rrnlts
and trapped nun 11 rodent*: nt night
they lay cowering witUIn their frail
shelter while savage denlseus ot the
jungle made hideous tbe hours of dark
They slept «i»n litters of Jungle
grasses, aud for covering at night Jans
I'urtcr had only nn old ulKter tluit be
longed to flaytou. the same garment
that bo hsd worn upon thnt memorable
trip to the Wisconsin woods, Clay ton
hud erected it frail partition of ImhirIii
to divide their arboreal nhelter Into two
Mionm. one for tlu. girl mid the i-thtt
for M. Tliunin and himself.
From the tlmt the lluwrlan bad exhibited every trait of his true <-barae*>
ter-*telti«bnesM. buorlnliuem*, arrogance,
cowardiw Twire had he utu) ('layton
i-uine to btwHn Uvihim' ut Tbnrnn's st
tltude toward the girl. 'I'he existence
of the Mngllsliifian and bin Minn *ti« wnn
une contlnuiil ni«tumure el tmrror. and
yet they lived mt in ttotm or ultimate
June I'orler's thiMiehts nfli u re\ftx**l
to ber niltfi i"*|ii-ri.*ti-»• on thin miviig"
••mre Mt. i! Hh iiiiui. il.!«- {(.j,-*! »*i
of that •ii.ii) i>,i*t ttiiv bnt with ibem
ll",, ;   !•'!.,. , ,,:.Ui   hut   ui-.l  li .inti  thiin
«'U.|.-ii in*; the im .mi pniiti Umi tiflonl
ni iti'l t.> ( tft t li>u nllh wt<- I »!,»• tittgbt
ilil***. eipri ltd bui rt»r».«ii .4 titi ,\|iet,
b»-»'ti for ti »-ing!i tii-iniif >'ot*jfr«itti,4 bj
thi- 'iriKti-i Mil! nu im In,; attitude ul
M Tliunin.
A m iiii titv uiiiex north of ttii'lr rude
»*h«"ft>*    <!•   »lll-»f1 i,   *,,   I i». ...   .*. I*  ■   .
I'nnl',*: .*»•« letia-te ii« tl'n-tii'ti »ctmr«ted
.-,>     l.i'**  ,*..H,<.*   I,'l"   ul    *M\t \ * ll'liill.-
, ll.-'ii;  il.i   llli." -,*..*),.   'f*l**'«   *.S   .l * :        il
y.iff of »!'■>
**  ' ■ rt-tN-ff en, it**
■n.i 'lie * at»i«, in
. Iii'i'v-M,   ,1-trd tli
iiMijif, a few n»il->«% i*
• rude l«ii «»«|< httr
■■ .*,. * ■■»•*.    *•,*••
"rtljt* of the thn-.* Uult fli*iii Itt.* |,i.H
AM ** trim,  «iu< u t'Lttitm,., i*»Mi  fmwi
Ihi iillie )M»c:irtit»»l
I'M-i-f tl »'l-.».*t'i »,-*» |ln-.   tt/iij f..y.,-f) |,i
* ■■•• titiiti,: ii,d in *,.*.*. iii,,ii jitii«,* <i,t>»
*■ nt„- ul llir li*i.ri«»ri» ,.j h|i,|.*«'|'i"«'« Itf«l
' i-i-l.  Ill««ii»,  ttttij    lliiHi^H *U't*t9-9,al   l,\
">iiiii\    t,Jt,J    .»llj'Ji*J'lJ(il!    flu-    mti.mlt
if tlii- »ni!,'-*«*r*>t>t*t* 'sitji't U,»< i-ii.i.'i'ti**
•■•tiMl i.itf'i.»fuji» |!»i-ir !,..-«' «-l :m-
•»i* *\ Htptu tta* ui.tia mint, tlie ******
X •> Wt-ri- tmti-litl I.f |tii" tH f*,- thtt
Ift.tii* t«mt tmtt Im-i-w fir-kml iij> a*»d
i'-,.; a» !»„■*■ 9'.—?t-. -n-nty. ...f tin- -fri-v-t
!.ii.n*,| t*** eii'M*liJi ;u■.->!*• .\. .iff it*.
"•' ■ ''!»*■-. ami itm«**a»»lt;>'!*,<iu iU >.». hi
»i ,*| («<»•« ftneasl in tjt»d 'fe*i'iit»»ston**
f«".f    111-    Mf'H    W:i«  tve:'f ei(tli|it'«.tl  Lir
ty lu ail questions of .importance und
iu all emergencies -'requiring cool und
intelligent leadership. ■'   "" .
Could this well organized and comparatively secure party of castaways
have seen the ragged, fear haunted
trio a few miles south of them tbey
would scarcely have recognized in
them the formerly immaculate members of the little company that had
laughed and played upon the Lady
Clayton and M. Tim-run* were almost naked, so torn bud their elotbes
been by tbe thorn hushes ami tangled
vegetatiou of tbe matted Jungle through
which they had been compelled to force
their way iu search of their ever more
dltilcult food supply.
June I'orter had, of course, not been
subjected to these stremiuus «'X|iedl-
tions, but her apparel whin, nevertheless, In a sail state ut disrepair.
Cluyton. lot luck of any better occupation, hud turcfotb saved the skin of
every iitiimiii they had killed, Ity
sti'i'ti'liln--' thiin ii|hiu the stems of
treei iuul dillceiitij si-mpiiig thein, he
liml himmi^i-ii to >nve ilii-iii lu u fair
iiiinliilnii. nml now tun bis clothes
were Hirwaieiitiig to cuter hiu united
bean Uo longer, lie coiinm-iu'cd to IHsli
lou a rude gartui-iu of thein, imung a
sharp thorn fur tt needle and bits uf
tough grotut aud animal teudoiis In lien
of thread.
The result when completed wns a
•leevelwi garment which fell nearly to
bis knees, biter Thurau also found It
uecensury lo iou»triut u similar primitive garment, so that, with their bare
J legs and heavily (warded rmtM, they
looked not unlike relnearnntioos or two
prehlstiirle pnitrenlbiM of the htumtn
rare.   Thurau acted llko ono
Nearly two mouth* ol this stlstene*
bud ps*sed wbeti llie lint great calum
ity befell them.   Thurau, down with
an attack of jungle fever, lay lu tho
nbeltor among the brunches of tlieir
tree of refuge.   Vlnjton had lieen llit«
the Jungle a  few hundred ysrils in
icarch «f fowl    A* lie rettirniHl Jnne
Porter walked to mtt't lilm     llehlul
tlie man, cutmltig i.tu| crafty, crept nu
! old ami mangy Ji«>n    fur tht*-* day**
j hi«  rtwcit'iit   thew*   nnd   tdnew*   timt
', pnired iu»ntlli ivi.t lur the la»li <•! t'i"
vldllig bis ruteritiiiw N-lly with ment
'  Al hiM he li.'iil f«»:<<! inture'« «i-ii.i'*i
■'  :iItll UlfM<t tl*feli«ele*ti .n-illittv
tttfie»1t* |!i«- Mi'ti. •• if ■»« frittt'tt «ft ii
; t!nrr««r wan ulte tlmt »Hc • fitlti tit".,*r »i*
'■muni,   Tlie lUed ,iii»t ii-rrltii-'l jr*irn of
,   l,el'  leal'   Wjili-luil i-.M'f   »|«»ke An pulu
v to Dayton 'i" '.turd" A ipiiru
gltllK* Im*I«1Im1 Iiiih fefeilliit the l« »)•.•
*f*,,l     W,*i.*!-i'f.     t***1!-!^       I *'*    t'*l     tr-i,\i      ♦*,,-..
• till llm* Mi-it- ♦Niitntly t*. fnr from the
*ii.-n,«f.    llu* wm xriiiwi H'tib «
.**',.;    -ti j,   ,, ■    ,,'.,*.,  ,*,.'■*   .....tit.'-i   ,*
\  tn'ii'ir*   ft' il. tc le'i'l/'-il   ;,*i :t tul   p«»$i
I,    ti   >   ■•'!  e, if!.      ,'• i;i.'ti-i| ■ 'i; I
.,„„    ,*,,„.  , ,»■,*;   .**■.*.»»,«( ->/,,,. ft
i;«i|i t««t i»,.« .t„*■!.**■',      Hnl »»fi pura
... <i .nit- >.■*» ri*!':>»"ii i>» r»'»!*«"Ml, stti'f
•■it*   *l .1  H-ufi- ?)HI|  rt^'-rt, *l.;irili;j   *»ltlt
..H.i-I i    iiii'iti-ii.uii'i-!»l lt?». ijnitisi »(,.;Utf
> r»-»pir"   »■  ■    !-■<*   »t-,.-ni       I IriH'ili   - n't-'t
.*„.i*''*i;i-  i,,.-  -Irili,   (*••  i<-fr.:.-i       fliritltig
, . ,   .     .*,.,, ..i„*.l   ;,,-
I',' **-t    -*.*.    I»t-     H H.»    ""ill    «   HtMl
i* i i     -I ,'..  in-'i  ■' * i..iii*iiiii,. :   If lit*
•■*.»» ■■;* •* ■i;| if i|i«. >n*.«* i t;i*-.r*
t.i-i M-*i1 r t***:f*t.& ,..( »ji«*(l l,'( utile (.■«*•«
e tfft ('it-* (!■■! ..   tt.   '.   •„•, i,    li,. t'.i »   tn
■■ ni«» it  miftii  ••*»"*    v\„i-ii   i*«"f#»i t*t.
inr A I** tiav* ft-'fn- fit"- '    *>int«i1 fn..
, iv*   .* ,*•"•».«   *,,•.'  ..-   i- ■ *■ I,, et
' it-rath ftahtittc Ort•', i*-f* »*« tt'.i* f.ttf
\,i»   III,*  lint,   ,*■;■■   ■ i  i-t   i*  * ..   fi*
The Treasure Vaults of Opar.
IT was quite dark before La, the
high priestess, returned to tho
Chamber of the Dead with food
and drink foi" Tarzan. She bore
no tight, feeling witb ber bands along
the crumbling walls until she gained
the chamber. Through the stone grating above a tropic moon served dimly
to illuminate the interior.
"They are furious." were her first
"woros. "wfvef—D*eiore™nan~
sacrifice escaped the altar. Already
fifty have gono forth to track yon
down. They bave searched the temple,
ail save this single room."
"Why do they fear p come herel"
be asked.
"It Is tbe Chamber ot the Dead.
Hero the dead return to worship. See
this ancient ultar? It is here that tho
dead sacrifice the living If they find a
victim here. That Is tbe reason onr
people shun tbls chamber. Were one
to enter be knows tbat the waiting
dead would seize bim for tbeir sacrifice."
"I am high priestess. I alone am
safe from tbe dead. It ls I wbo at rare
Intervals bring tbem a human sacrifice
from the world above. I alone may
enter hero ln safety. I had difficulty
In eluding tbelr vigilance but uow In
bringing you this morsel of food. To
attempt to repeat tho thing dally
would be the height of folly, Como.
Lot us see bow far w« may go toward
liberty beforo I must return,"
She ted him back to the chamber bo-
neatb tbe altar room. Here ahe turned into ona ot tba sovoral corridors
leading from it In the darkness Tartan could uot aaa which ona.   ifor tan
various sizes were ingeniously taio together witbout mortar to construct
these ancient foundations.
Tbe lirst time around tbe walls Tarzan thought be detected a strange phenomenon for a room with uo windows
and but a single door. Again ne crept
carefully aroundClose to the wall. No,
tie could not be'mistaken'!' Ue paused
Defore the ceuter ot the wall opposite
the door. For a moment he stooQ quite .
motionless, tben'be moved a few feet
tu "one. side. Again he returned, ouly
to move a few teet to the other side.
There was no doubt ot it! A distinct
draft of fresh air was blowing into tbe
chamber through tbe interstices ot tbe
masonry at that particular point—and
nowhere else.
Tarzan: tested several pieces of the
granite which made up the wall at this
spot and finally was.rewarded by finding one which lifted out readily. It
I was about ten inches wide, with a face
some 3 by 6 Inches showing within tba
ebamber. One by one the ape-man
lifted out similarly shaped stones. Tha
wall at this point was constructed entirely, it seemed, of these almost perfect slabs. In a short time he bad removed some dozen, when he reached
in to test tbe next layer of masonry.
To bis surprise be felt nothing behlni
the masonry be bad removed, as far at
his long arm could reach.
it wns a matter of but a few minutes to remove enough of the wall tt
permit his body to pass through tbt
aperture. Directly ahead of bim ht
thought that be discerned a faint glow,
scarcely more than a less Impenetrably
darkness. Cautiously he moved forward on bands and knees nntil at
about fifteen feet, or the, averajt
thickness of the foundation walls, tbt
fioor ended abruptly ln a sudden dropt
As far out as be could reach be felt
nothing, nor could he find tbe bottom
of the black abyss that yawned betel*
bim, though, clinging to the edge of
the floor, he lowered his body Into tbt
darkness to Its full length.
Finally it occurred to him to look op*
and there above him he saw through a
round opening a tiny circular patch oC
starry sky. Feeling up along the sldef
of the shaft as far as he could reaclv
the ape-man discovered tbat so muctt
of the wail as be could feel converged
toward the center of tbe shaft aa It
rose. This fact precluded possibility
of escape In thijt direction.
. As he sat speculating on tha natnrt
and uses of this strange passage and
its terminal shaft tbe moon topped tbt
opening above, letting a.flood of soft;
silvery light into tbe shadowy ptaca.
Instantly the nature of the abaft bo-
came apparent to Tarzan, for far below him be saw the shimmering surface of water. He had como upon aa
ancient well. But what was the purpose of tbe connection between tbt
well and tbe dungeon In which he bad
been hidden?
As the moon crossed the opening ot
the shaft its light flooded the wbolt
' *Vtlt   *.lt   h«   «■.**   «•-..,,    ,|r«'»   I, ..-..-, ,. ..
nnjht," n**> «.«t<f
*• nilH'lli-i   thev    Cfltifo*!   *Vi«\**ti    *•*.;.*»..«   •%
winding tM*»nK,. until »t («.*> *stn tbey
ratrte t« » i-ln-i-d >|.«.r    Hen- t»w tiwttrd
f,„*»    f,   *..   .>**:,.,    ..I
' ly ranie tin- -.iiiinil „t .-* >... ui UjIi «*■»{-*
■■ ttip acntiwt Mi.t-t.sii   Tn,. *.' *.«ri]ftg tn
' nn »<"*ptJ!2 Xfifj,**... m;,» nt«.*> entered.
"Vmi will tr* tafe fieri- until tomorrow tiiaht,"* *fs.» -wild
Tti«"i» *ttt* *e»t net ttfid. eto-itaf th*
dttftt. f«*-*t"i«rt It tirMnif »*■*.»
tt*l*r«» Tama *i***i tt wat itt-tt as
r.rfifnt*.      \t,1    »-V.*t.    »i-«    tiH,frt«wf    t.'mi
eould  p*rr**H.rst# the  ntter  tttsc-kiieaa.
' f*fftf<Hi*ty ti>* iitttvc*! tnrxi-td ntittt bin
lf„t*ll**ittf< UMitlt I'm* hr*t .j  WltU. lifft,
my  iihmi},  ij,. ir-mivl Um
foUf  W4li*t ttt  ti»# «: iMtfllwf,
ApintftMiy ii *»» »t«»«it twenty f**t
**|m*»**.-,     **tr i..*-^  ■**-**-* t.t * **i**-r*-t.*9, ifM*
wnttm *d ttm* *trn iuj».nfy th»( nwtt-
til i!.i' '..:i-ii*,.ti) «i . i.t,*.tr'f'ui.iit ititttm
immmd    Ptmh &*"** nt  graaitt ot
across from bim another opening ln tbt
opposite wall. Be wondered If this
might not be tbe mouth of a passage
leading to possible escape. It wonld
be worth Investigating at least and
this be determined to do.
Quickly returning to tbe w&ll be bad
demolished to explore wbat lay beyond
lt be carried the stones into the paa-
sageway and replaced tbem from that
side. Tbe deep deposits of dast which
be had noticed upon tba blocks aa bt
bad first removed them from tha wall
bad convinced bim tbat otnn If tbt
present occupants of the andeat pilt
bad knowledge or this hidden passagt
tbey had made no use of It for perbapa
The wall replaced. Tartan returned
to tbe shaft, which was soma Alteon
feet wide at this point To lean acraaa
the intervening space was a small mat*
ter to tbe ape-man, and a moment later
be was proceeding along a narrow tunnol, moving cautiously for fear ot being precipitated Into another abaft
such as be bad Just crossed.
He had advanced some hnndred feet
when he camo to a flight of steps lead*
Ing downward Into tbe Sty gla a gtoota.
Somo twenty feot below tha (aval toot
ot tho tunnel recommenced, aad abort*'
ly afterward bla progress waa stopped
by a heavy wooden door, wblch wu
secured by massive wooden bars upon
tba side of Tartan's approach, Thbt
fact suggested to tba ape-man that bt
doubtless waa In a paasagaway leading to tbe outer world, for tba bolta,
barring progress from tbt oppoaltt
side, tended to substantiate tbla hypothesis unless it wort merely a ariaot
to which It led.
Along tbe topa of tha ban wtradaa*
lay cm of dust, a (unlaw IndlcaQot
tbat tha passage had lain lonrnaiiasd.
As ha pushed the tnsmtve otwtaclt
aside Its great hinges shrieked oot la
weird protoat against this oascmstom*
td disturbance For a moment Tsraaa
paused to listen for any rmpuaaivt
note which might indicate that the na-
ususl night noise hsd alarm**! the In*
mates of the temple, liut as be bfard
nothing b» advanced beyond tha toop
Carefully  feeling  nbwtt.  h* tempi
hiiuseif wiUiln a Urea cbnitttwr, slung
jthe   well*  of   wbleb and dowa  tbt
| length et the floor mrn* piled mnpf
't'*/»■' *.*r !;.^.,il '•..»...{* ...f an u64 th*mgb
wit-min ahtfit*   To tit* gruplng hands
llie>   f.'.t   uut   urUide  double
, litutjacis.    ?"ht»   Ingots   wtmt
. tii'mj'. nii'l but for tbe «-i>oruu»u«
her «f them be wonld bar* tmeo puet-
'llve   thst   tlwy   wet* guld.     H'Vt  tht
ttinnebx of tba fahnlmis wealth thtm
**■--***,u.- *n y-tuum* ut marni Wmott
i....9t, I     • ' ......    J ..*      .,:-l'lii
iin'-.'l aU..*. ;  *.*...*',.-*. *J  y,-y lUvf
tniwi in- *tt *ihh*> l*.**t-r n:*'t*.)t
.\t  the  tut   fii't  'fi  U,t' «fi.H!il*ef  H*
, d>-»«iit«-r«^! ainiiiier l>iirreil i|i»»r nnd tl»a
Ifii.' ;t11 •'•o<"; rtinl f.ifvoftee p'niitge-
iu.\ to .'i)«-m Itft'ilxl the *««' »b#
i !»*«:iH;,» rm.  *«tr.)Uiii i,* n  *nt  upeer.
Mlltl   it   «'-■•"   "-■• il'i'l'  i-Vitj.-Ilt   «••■   «t ifw*-
..<*,»!   Un
it   I;td   .,Jjv;tt|y
,.s,ter   Dtailtt et
li   lw   M;l   -,t*i s   iln
.i('.!<ni)» ihiu,   U t"--.*
• I lif*.| I**- lw*.
■'«■•*! him i»-
(.,•*    l,U,|»(«i.
f   WHS
,. li»,'U
, I: I',-. !
ft,, -tt* »
Mlt ft
tt«- ni
U    !     ?*i
Witb   itn'-re-**»»£
-f,X.,-.ul  -<-   ""r;.*4SX   3*
tf:>- fed ft tuif nn f,
«,i«.-f tieiii «--r **ev
f.':   V:* '■«,*-1t*Ti  t%rt*
rtrtr,   t-ot   #•   N»   tittrrttled   tl**   HMtlinl
tn t U -, a v,:4-l.'u t',u*t4e la it* »al»-
nxenee tbey were tfe«dt««*   Tbt OtrpO'
m* ,*.,**e*i*t*). tu.ii aivau trfiMte t» Ottpn at
li<^«e» be
tr -\ir>.i
mir hi- «me te suit ie«>tifia tn>w»*ni
f:..rM *»* -af -ttm*
'rVm %*
t*0l**<mtmtt PAGE EIGHT
Results secured during tlie past year reaffirm the position of tlie Sun Life of Canada as
the largest life assurance organization of the Dominion.'
Saturday Matinee
.   at 2.30
Saturday Nights
First Show at 7
Easter Monday Ball.-—The .Benevolent Society will hold its annual ball
on .Monday evening in Victoria Hall.
It promises to be the big social event
of the season. There has already been
a good sale of tickets, the price being
$1.50 per couple with a charge.of titty
cents for extra ladies.
I REV, G. E. BATZOLD, PASTOR       ' 1
Back to the Railroad.—C. Scarpelli.j
who for a considerable time was sec. I
rotary of Corbin  local union is  now j
section  forciiKiri on the railway line;
of the  Katit  Kooienay   Lumber Com-'.
puny from Jafl'ruy to tlio bush.   We re. ]
cently had a brief visit from Brotherl
Searpelii who expressed his regret nt I
leaving   behind,  many   good   friends j
whom lie had made in Corbin but the j
. necesity of providing for' hihiself and |
family made it necessary for him to;
move out.   iio fuels particular';}' grate., j
ful to the pit boss .lames Blair who
during Scarp-jili's absence from camp
took particular pains to see that  his
family   did   not   suffer   through   any
shortage of coal.
11.00 a.m..-     SACRAMENTAL
' 'The Promised Resurrection"
2.30 p.m. Go To Sunday School, Sunday
(Open Session, Friends Invited)
Morning:, Childrens Choir, undar direction of Miss Hogan
Evening, Senior Choir, under direction cf Mn J. Whitehouse
Fernie  Welcomes the   Mounties—It      Will Fernie Have a Y.M.C A—There
was expectedLthat* we would have the was a meeting on Wednesday evening
red.eoated Mounties with us this
week in Fernie as the fifteenth was
the dato which had been set for their
of representatives of the Fernie Amateur Athletic Association, the Great
■War Veterans' Association and the Re
arrival.   There has been some delay construction Committee in regard to
in the coming of the men but Sergeant! tlie  establishment  of a  YSM.-C.A.  In
Another Series of Libel Writs—
Following the writ against the editor
of-The District. Ledger for alleged M-i
bel, John Rene Wallace, editor of the j
Fernie Free Press, has had issue 1 by
the firm of Herchmer and Graham a
series of writs on the same charge
and against the president, the vieeT
president, the secretary and all the
board members of District 18. The
charge is based on an item which was
,, headed "Just a Gentle Hint." It is
probable that the case will be tried
during the May session of the Supreme Court and since it promises to
be of exceeding interest the District
Ledger is making arrangements for
the securing and publishing of a com.
plete stenographic report..
A Source of Danger—Tbe habit of
children in some parts of town in
jumping ou motor trucks and other
vehicles wiil almost certainly lead to
some serious accidents if not fatalities. The other day a small boy
rushed out from the sidewalk and at.
tempted to board'1 McGladdery'3 motor truck while it was in motion. Only
the quickest action on the part of the
driver averted an accident, Mr. ;Mc.
Gladdery tells us that he finds many
children who' cannot seem to resist
thn temntntinn  nf trying  In  -pllm&_nn_
Pass, of Moose Jaw, has been here
for a week or so in plain clothes mak.
ing arrangements and getting acquainted. Jle is a guest at the Fernie
Hotel. Tlie sergeant is a soldierly,
looking chap who has seen service
overseas. He is open and frank in his
expressions and the semi-secret.ser-
vice duties he has had thrust upon
him are not to his liking. He has al.
ready been waited upon by two men,
who have heretofore failed in ■■-naming trouble among the returned sol.
diers, and given a list of the "dangerous Bolshevikis" who live in Fernie.
It is understood, however, that Ser.
geant Pass has quite accurately come
to the conclusion that his informants
are more dangerous to law and order
than any ofthe so-called "Fernie Bol.
sheviks." He smokes their cigars i.nd
smiles. It is unfortunate that so many
people have the idea that Mounties
are all "spotters." This is far from
being the truth. A mounty to hold his
job, must be a man of good character.
He must neither buy, s.dl o:- drir.fc
booze and his relations witn the female sex must, be above reproach.
The Mounties are interested only In
the carrying out of the law aud the
preserving of order and sinea the;-'
are coming to Fernie for the expiess
purpose of having the prohibiti n laws
enforced and the illicit shipments of
liquor confiscated we can soon lo ik
for a drier nnd a quieter town. The
story that thev are here because of
the motor truck when it is in motion
and while he takes every precaution
he fears that sooner or later ^a accident will come and feels" that he
Bhould not be held responsible. Par.
ents will have to take strong action
towards preventing their children
from taking such reckless chances.
anticipated strike trouble or to stop
a "revolution" is all "bull.'' We!,
come to the R.N.W.M.P,
Fernie with the reading room, gym.
uasium and swiWning pool equipment
provided by that organization in other
towns and cities. The gathering was
called to meei a representative of the
Y.M.C.A. and who proposes to give
their system a tryout. in various towns
under canvas with a view to la'.er ey.
tablishing permanent. Headquarters.
There was considerable discussion.
(Many of the returned soldiers have
brought home from France certain
ideas in regard to the Y.M.C.A, which
prevent them from cordially endorsing
that institution and at the same time
they are desirous of having clean
sport encouraged in Fernie, The F.A.
A.C. felt that it had already made a
good start, by itself but would be willing to consent to an amalgamation of
forces. No decisive action was taken
and the matter was left over for another meeting.
Friday and Saturday, April 18 and 19
"Milady of The Bea.n,<5taik"-5 parts
RUTH ROLAND in the"9th chapter of "Hands Up"
"TImSFurniture Movcrs"-one reel comedy
Monday, April 21
"Who Will Marry Me"-5Part Bluebird
CHARLIE CHAPLIN in a return show
"The Fireman"
Tuesday, April 22
"A Gentlamnn's Agrccmcnf'-S parts
Two Part Comedy
Wednesday, April 23
WM. S. HART in the S part ARTCRAFT
"The Cold Deck"
Good Comedy
Complete Change of Programme on Thursday
COMING: The Great Nazimova iii
One Big Union Dance.—The One
Big Union Dance on Good Friday night
will be in Victoria Hall instead of in
the Miners' Hall as at first advertised.
The large sale of tickets has made
this necessary. It. promises to be a
most enjoyable function,
Piano Tuning—If your piano needs
tuning send a note to Box 498, Fernie
and I will call and do the work for
you at a reasonable cost-—L. O.
Struck By Auto and Killed.—Tony
Pavluk, a seven year old boy, was
killed near his home across from the
G. N. depot on Saturday evening by being struck by an auto driven by Mike
Sauchik, of Michel. Sauchik immedi.
ately stopped the car and assisted tlie
boy's father in taking the poor little
chap to the hospital but nothing could
be done to save his life. Sauchik was
arrested on a charge of manslaughter
and has been released on $3,000 bail.
Wanted to Rent—Furnished house
in a good location for months of May
and June.   Reply Dox 888, City .
A Military Nurse—Just arrived from j
Scotland, open for engagement Ap-j
ply, Mrs. N. Cameron, Hillcrest, Alta.
WANTED.—A girl for general
housework. Apply Mrs. A. Cummings,
71 Howland Aye.
May Day Speakers—The B.C. Feder.
ated Labor Party will hold a ONE BtO
UNION gathering tn Fernie on May
Day. Good speakers are coming from
the coast.
Missionary At S. A. Hall.—Mr. Norman will speak at the Salvation Army
hall, Easter Sunday at 7:30 p.m. Mr
Norman has been a missionary in India for many years, Everybody is
welcome to attend.
Going to Lethbridge.—John Sweeney
of the Dominion Express Co., has been
promoted and transferred to Leth.
bridge where he will be night foreman.
Express patrons in Fernie will deeply
regret to lose "Jack" whose prompt,
ness, efficiency and constant willingness to oblige have made him a general favorite. The Loyal Order of Moose
will be particularly bereft by his leaving Fefnie. The position in .Fernie
will be taken by Harold Bowen, who
recently returned from a long term of
Overseas service.
Was on Way From Montreal to Fernie
Careless Handling Gives
Secret Away
CALGARY.—Insecure packing or
perhaps, a little rough handling was
responsible for the discovery of a large
amount of liquor which was enroute
to Fernie, B.C., from Montreal, and
which was seized by detectives
Scoeppe and Rudy of the provincial
police Friday.
The liquor was packed in 14 big
packing cases, which contained altogether in-tite neighborhood or 6W
bottles of "likkor" of*the Scotch and
Rye persuasion. Four of the cases
were consigned to R. Jackson, and the
other ten to R. H. Doyle, but it is
thought by the police that both names
aro fictitious.
The shipment was discovered when
a couplo of bottles burst when the
big boxes were being transferred to
the Fornio car, and when the odor became noticeable the detectives were
notified and promptly seized the whole
Building Is Being Remodeled And Will
Be Devote^ to High Class Vau.
deville, Road Attractions
And Feature Pictures
The Grand Theatre has been leased
to H. M. Eccles for a period of two
years. The deal was closed by a
meeting of Gladstone Local executive
on Tuesady evening and under the
terms to the contract work has already been commenced on Quite extensive changes in the building. The
seating arrangement is being changed
and the sides of the stage so altered
that the entire stage will be in view
from every seat. A new booth for
moving pictures is being put in twenty feet farther back so that the pictures can be made clearer aud two
machines are being put in,
It is Mr. Eecles intention to provide
high class vaudeville, road attractions
and feature pictures. He states ihat
he has "the best four piece orchestra
in Western Canada, bar none." His
road attractions will all be booiced by
R. J. Lydiatt, secretary of Western
Canada Theatres Limited, and he has
booked a film service unrivalled in
Canada or the United States. Mr.
Eccles informs The District Ledger
that he expects to have his opening
performance ready for the night of
Monday, April 28, and thinks that the
contractors will have the remodelling
of   the   theatre   completed   by   that
time.   He has secured the services of
J. Whitehouse as musical director.
Last season Mr. Eccles toured Miss
Stimson, the famous aviator. He had
intended booking her in South America but a serious attack of the flu up.
set both his own and Miss Stlmson's
plans. She is now in England superintending the construction of an aeroplane with which she is to attempt a
tTans-Atlantlc flight.
School Problems
Drudgery of Study—From Parker,
Clinn & Co—According to, this view
Latin is a splendid instrument of instruction, because in teaching it we
can so easily assign to students do.
finite, distasteful tasks which Will de.
velope their will power aud thus pre.
pare them to attack the distasteful
duties of life.
Achievements in life based on in.
tense interests, not on drudgery. The
drudgery view of learning is certainly
fallacious if we regard the schoo' as
a place that prepares in quite specific
ways for the activities of life, be.
cause, to do this economically it is
necessary to work with and not
against the active (honest.) interests
of the students. (Moreover, it is probably a more valid view of life and
achievement in general to say mat
persons who accomplish great things
in life are those who are actuate! or
driven by intense, abiding intereiis.
This is true of most, of the grea- lead,
ers in science, literature, politics,
morals, and religion. As compared
with these the number of persons is
relatively small who have accomplished things by saying "Here are
great unpleasant duties, I must perform them in spite of the fact that 1
hate to do it,"
"The fundamental activities of my
life are certainly uninteresting; they
make no appeal to me; but I must
find some way to drive myself to my
'work."*'(Moreover, the same contrast
would probably be true of ordinary
poeple who try to lead worthy lives;
most of them do worthy deeds because they have strong abiding spe.
cnTc"Interests in "tne acuvtnefffepre^
scnted, not because they are driven by
the sense of duty to do distasteful
tasks. Hence the preparation for a
life of useful service should be made
by directing the active present inter.
ests of students in such a way that tho
worthy interests <>r life grow out of
1 Difficult undertakings are often the
most Interesting,—a truth of the
theory which regards Intense interests as the basis of achievement is
th*3 statement that intense interest
may be manifested in acconptisMag
very difficult things.
The most extreme examples .t this
fact are those in which the di«eult
activity is interesting largely beca*s»
of its difficulty. The best ill«Htrations
from school life are found 1« the interest with which some students attack difficult exercises in. geometry.
An example from ordinary life is
mountain climlbing. This is illnstra.
ted not only by the activities ot pro-
fessional. climbers, who, ga to the
ends of the earth to scale the highest
peaks, but also by some of the slimb.
ing undertaken in the Alps (may we
add Rockies) by amateurs simply
in order to climb difllcilt maaa-'r-tas.'
Will meet regularly
every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock.
Visiting members
cordially welcome.
W., Pennington, .Alfred Baker.
C. C. K. R. S.
NOTICE ',:;.'
Arbour Day
Public notico is hereby glvea that
Arbour Day for the year llli will he
kept rn Wednesday, the 3«tM day ot
April, when all business places will
remain closed and all citi:w.M aii; re-
iifecttd to clean up their lots.
aturday before Easter]
The One Day of The Year That
Is Bound To Be A Busy One
Fixings and
Important Sale of Women's
Coats for Easter
848 50 VALUES FOR $30.75
One «|(«iii litoili'U mily.    Siimrt. Mimppy Ktyl-t'N,
apecially priced for Easter tailing.   The wdora nrv
\iivv. Siuiti. i)lh<, «»iv\ -      Full r.Higi- ol* nht-n in
w*k'i*t tttun
Women's New Suits and Coats
We cordially jnviti: ymi to view mir klutwiui? of
*■*, * '..,.,!%. jnw 1.1.1  ,ni.t Mii.u'U-;  IJi-rtilji-tii-Wiiir,
Tiii-i i« tht* *tor*« where thi* liifriietit im»<lt' irtMuU
• ••»;■>   :*■<•   flif'S'lMIWil  Mt   tlif WKWl   i»IOt|*'r»t<« pri'M'***,
SUITS, COATS, DRESSES »ii««ii iii a.- m^.h
East or Hats
Mat-* that  -,tri* musti- H'tn-tiiitl nt nrt»»«** »ur*i»r»«t-
tntrty intt
SMUr Btonstt~~Yon wtll aiir*ljr want one n*
ttitm n« yon net' ihcxu
•2.50 C-C A La Qracs Corsets
•1.08 on Saturday
M>*M» «utt*«bl# fi»r «h«- avrrng* figure    Mwlm h
weight and of gootl quality.
;i«! iii-tv Hijtt'-mxi, llomwljr-h-Ptl, f1."*0.
Vim* Linen Squares for trny or Uxhh me.
Filling Your Easter Qlovo Needs
OLOVES of tiiMst Kill, t*iii«'. Silk. (.'Iiauiiiixctti'.
*rit»» Mfuveut Myle for «v*«t*y ow-Nnlon t<» inoH ev«*ry
woman** iIhu.ihiI.
FRENCH  KID  OLOVES  in  IMmk.  T»n mnl
WJiiti-   M'lf.cDMtft-wiinii iniiul*. I2..V)
CAPE OLOVES, Tart onlyjitie IMimn Kntrli>h
\\%'M!*.*.. l',h,i;**i   -i'l IUI   i-?:*,
CHAM0ISETTE CLOVES, Whit.- *.r,v nw«„.
S'iii'n*'   K-«!1ht finish. .*»|.:;,"i mnl !1,."H» jwr |»«ir.
SILK OLOVES, IH.-iHr   Wbm-  F.-rwn. lln*y. s.V
niii! -*I.!?."»,
'tt'uii.uup Silk Hose
SPECIAL Itt eta.
Fin** i|!iHlily Silk lhm\ Li*l«» tup »?td r*t»-iiifiirwil
f«*»*t.   Mark. White only.
Men's Wear
Well taitftml modfU ot ftmtl quality w»ni«4«
and itrytci; materia!* tbat will give tuHinfaition
In th«- mmrrr and retain their appearance
Suit* nt «»*e#|ttioiuiUy fin* fabtiai—•tailomi an 1
for Easter
tiuished  to perfection.    Von il  note  tm*  mwmt
prmk' trimmintf** u««l in their m-ske tip.
#1.(10 to #1,i.'«
Easter Specials
We will h«v«* tm iHaplay Saturday mimi'intf a
fwi»   .dMJjk   Wt   -'■'***.   I iiAli'*,   I «.i«».A mitt,   l#^**t-t*»    l««*iii."»,
ml'** « *tl|»l»ly of ffi-»li nyrftrtUlf*. nml fruit, nn t'« l-
U*wm- I^-ltwi'**, Spinaf-h. A*|»afas«i. {'attliilrtw^r,
t 4'I*•»•>•.   UUiiUiili.   lUt**'  ToiiMlm**,  Uwiwnitft,  *>»
itiie***, llntf** Vrxitl, tie.
Vrt-^h Itttpninl |Vannt«. jwr Ih       *Si
Mtartl -Atli*, |»«"*" IM  .......,...........*..       .¥*
t -*i*W P tn*. |>t-r to        .•■*►
Talwm Fan««y t*r«in« Chnrntat-n. lh  M
Wiliwtn'a lioaehiid*  ..Vi
Hjvftitl Mixed Candy, pi»r ll» W
r r**0 Alter tnutter ikmtn, »•»  .«*W
Okanafan Wimc «ap Appl*«, ....... 21b for     25
do      Baldwin Apple*  per l»x 3.7«*»
d*»      Miwwnri I*fpfdn  per box 40*
Wa»hiiifton Homo Beauty —.... per hox i-V)
»Vl!r,.n'.'iv nt-A^.-, H-tf. f'"" f<s»	
(•'Ifiriilii tinipi Frnil, htrg.' *b.*» pjicIi
S|-j» i'-iiil MI>-viI .SimJ (i*i»» uii* 2 Mt fm"
I.iliby'n IVitr*, ] ll» tilt	
dn       (ln'ffit'ti. I )b tin	
tin        I'itti'apph'i*. 2 lit	
I'nt nihil' .Miy, lii «»/. jiu*  ,	
do        do      4 w tin	
Hnl mmo t'lovt t* llniu'.v, .*» lb tin 	
tJtn»Wi- I'tin* Mnftl* Syrnp. <|t*. I,<»»: pinlt* .
i'"n>*-!» I'nwnijtu. "* M»    ,   	
do   t *arn*t*.  rt Ib fur	
-A,:,   T:'.r...\'*.*a, y IU ,.....,*	
HKaMrftf^it Wititt- Point.»«*, \iht W*.	
2.1 r»
2 ■*»•
f'rciiiititii tfntii. *Vii'fA per lb        'U
do       <1h   Imlf, or wliofc, pi'i* Ib ,.,,,,.      ..'.I
Premium Hamti. aliw»«l, rt*r lb 7ft
iio   ' drt      pxei*e  ...        ttt
t'tnmtry 1'xtr* Hawtn. pi»r lb         4S
lH^nw* llaw«f,. per Ib St
IVannt Itntler, bnlk fier lh W
ttotv*' I'lill I*tn*k W. drti 4T»
Small   d«     do     dtx ,        M
Smoked Kipperwd ITrrring, per Ib II
Cooked        iio      liable Ffah —
Salt Iferfing 2 lb for      Jl
no  "la'k twd, per In .....,,.,..,.......     ,*o
Branches at Fernie, Michel, Natal and Coat Creek


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