BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Apr 17, 1915

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0309037.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0309037-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0309037-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0309037-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0309037-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0309037-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0309037-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A,
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 34 Vol VIH.
Joint Committee of
U.M.W.A, & Operators
On Saturday next at Calgary a joint
committee conference will be held 'by
tbe representatives of District 18, U.
M. W. of A., and the Western Coal
Operator*' Association In an endeavor
to settle a dispate that originated under the old agreement in connection
with tke men working in No. 0000
Seam of tko Bankhead .Mines Ltd,
This is tbo first grievance to be taken
up under tke existing agreement which
went into force April 1st, and this
method of settlement is a slight departure from tkat adopted heretofore,
as the old agreement did not provide
for the appointment of the "Joint Committee.*' This Is now provided In
the general clause of the agreement,
"Settlement of Local and General D1b-
juteB," but before 'being submitted to
the Joint Committee the dispute must
bave been taken up in the first instance by the mine superintendent and
the pit committee at the mine where
the dispute arose, and an errort made
to arrive at a settlement. In the
event of their failing, it is then submitted to the general manager of the
mine and the District Officers of the
U. M. W. of A., and If no adjustment
is reached, the matter is referred in
writing to the Commissioner of Coal
Operators' Association and the District
President of the union; failing settlement lt la then carried to the Joint
Committee, which is composed of
three representatives for the operators and three for the miners. .
The present dispute at Bankhead,
where It is alleged that owing to certain abnormal conditions the men
working on the contract scale are unable to make wages. Another contentious matter ia that of certain men
working on the day wage scale, for
which they are allowed $3.00 per day,
It ls claimed that these men are impro-
norlv pla-mlfl-aH  A-nH  ghnnlri  h* Includ-
The dispute will be finally disposed
of should the Joint Committee be un.
able to come to a settlement by the
appointment ot an Independent chair-
■man, which would mean the majority
decision of the committee. The appointment of the independent chairman is in the first instance in the
hands of the Joint Committee. However, again falling to agree the .Minister of Labor is appealed to to make the
required appointment, and the decision arrived at by the Joint Committee
so composed is final and binding upon
both parties.
A grand concert will ibe given by the
Fernle-Coal Creek Excelsior Band on
Sunday, April 19th, weather permitting, on the band stand behind the 41
(Market, to commence at 2.30 p.m.
Programme: Quick 'March, Freedom
and Honor,-Rimmer; Fantasia, My Old
Kentucky Home, Greenwood; Overture, Diamond Cross, Greenwood;
Waltz, Shades of Evening, Rimmer;
Fantasia, Hibernian Melodies, Greenwood; Quick 'March, United We Stand,
Howard. Please bring this program
with you.
Weather permitting an open-air
meeting will be held, on Saturday night
near the Hamilton Building, when the
Socialist candidate, Tom Connor, will
speak on the vital Issue.
Sunday night, at 8 p.m., he will deliver an address In the Socialist 'Hall,
taking for his subjeot "Government"
May Day Dance
The May Day dance will take place
In the Socialist Hall on Friday, April
30th. Excellent music will be provided and a thoroughly enjoyable time
ls assured to all participants.
On Wednesday at noon a call was
turned in,from Box 32, occasioned by
an outbreak ot fire in a house occupied
by two men baching and owned by
Adam Burns.  *.
The quick response by the Department prevented the flames obtaining
much headway and were extinguished
before any considerable damage was
This is the first fire that has taken
place this year where there has been
any financial loss to report. ,
ed in' the group for which the rate la
$3.30. Theae matters will be taken
up by the Joint Committee. The personnel of tho committee Is; Mr. Lewis
Stpokett, president or tbe. Operators'
'iVsds&Hitlon,CalgfarVrw. tV-JdcNettfc
commissioner ot the Operators' Association, and Mr. Wilson, general manager of the Bankhead Mines, Ltd., Bank-
head. The miners will be represented
by W. L. Phillips, President of Distriot
18; Wm. Graham, Vice-President, and
Mr. Frank Wheatley, secretary of the
Bankhead Local Union.
Task May Be Undertaken by the Military Authorities
OTTAiWA, April 10.—-The government has been giving more consideration to the alien labor situation in
Vancouver and it Ts understood that
effective Bteps will foe taken to deal
with the problem. Wh|fe there is no
official announcement at this end, it
is uuder!^d .thit tbe matter Is likely v- 730
'to""ibe*li eait^wiflrtt.T0ognr*tnB_di5trictr i T-T"1   '    '"
officer commanding the military
forces on the coast In eastern cities
a large number of the alien enemy
out-of-works have been -Interned,
which J>rlugq them under the Jurlsdlc-
tiofof "The' utun-lnlon authority.*" It Is
possible that a similar course will be
followed ln regard to Vancouver.   .
, iMr. and 'Mrs. Robert Lowe and daughter, arrived back in Fernie from
New South Wales today, after an 18
months' residence In tbe Antipodes.
Methodist Church—11 a.m„ "The
Atheism of Force"; 7.30 p.m„ "Shortcuts 'Not Safe." Monday evening IMr.
D. V. Mott will give an address at the
League. Thursday evening, prayer
meeting. Friday, choir practice. Saturday, 3 to 5 and 7 to 9. Jumble Sale.
Don't miss the Jumtne Sale at the
.Methodist- church ' schoolroom on Saturday, 17th. Everything from needles
to cables will be sold at lowest prices.
The list of articles will include clothing, utensils, disheB, furniture, plants,
and a very fine display of New York
millinery. Hours of sale 3 to 5 and 7
to 9 p;m. Tea will be served from 3 to
5 p.m.
The Post Office Department, having
given notice a week or two ago, in
connection with the War Revenue
Act, that all .letters and postcards
mailed in Canada, for delivery in Canada, the United. States or Mexico, and
letters mailed iii Canada for delivery
in the United-*-Kingdom and British
possessions generally,- or wherever the
two cent rate applied, should In addition to ordinary, postage carry a one
cent stamp as a War Tax, and also
having notified the public that such
war tax, while It. should be paid preferably by the pc^tage stamp marked
"War Tax," could, It such stamp
were not available, ba paid by an ordinary one cent postage stamp, is now
Issuing further notice to the effect
that posfage stamps may be used for
the prepay ment,of war duties on bank
cheques, bills of exchange, promissory
note's, express -money orders, proprietary or patent medicines, perfumery,
wines or champagne, as well as upon
letters or postcards, postal notes and
post office money orders, the intention
being to provide facilities in those
portions of the-country where excise
stamps are not' readily available.
This in view of-the fact that postage
stamps may 'be obtained at all points
over the whole ■ country, in many
places where there is no Collector of
Inland Revenue and no Inland Revenue
stamps could be, obtained, is a distinct convenience to tbe public, and
no doubt will be largely taken advantage of.
George Fisher of Michel Recently Convicted for Contempt of Court at
Fernie Has Been Vindicated
The Vancouver papers nave beeu
giving a great deal of attention recently to a case from Fernie where a writ
of certiorari was applied for to quash
a conviction for contempt against, Geo.
Fisher, of Michel. Fisher was giving
evidence for the prosecution in the
case of Rex vs. Bessie Evans, and the
presiding judge, thinking that he was
prevaricating, fined him $10.00 or in
default 14 days in jail.
The application came on first before
Ihe Chief Justice, who granted an
order nisi, and the final hearing came
on before iMr. Justice Murphy on Friday the 9th instant. The following is
from the Vancouver Province:
•'.Mr. W. M. Mackay, for the crown,
pointed out that prevarication was
different from contempt He questioned If Fisher had a right of appeal.
" 'It Is a serious matter if a judge
who thinks himself insulted can make
himself judge, Jury and executioner,
and the convicted man have no appeal,' observed Justice Murphy."
This Is one of the first cases of the
kind reported in this province. Mr.
A. Macnell, barrister, of Fernie, acted
for Mr. Fisher.
Sunday, April 18.—(Morning Prayers
10.15; Public worship, 11 a.m.; Sunday
chool and Bible class, 2.30; Gospel ser-
Monday. 8 p.m.. B. Y. P.
U meet. Thursday,--^ p.no^ iWeekly
Prayer meeting. Friday, 8 p.m., choir
practice . A hearty Invitation to all
Is extended.     A. L. FoBter, pastor.
.1. B. Turney, of Lethbridge, Is spending a few days in the city renewing
old acquaintances, and also In the interests of his firm.
A large area is being burnt over on
Mount Proctor as a precautionary
measure when the dangerous season
for bush fires arrives. Although
some distance from the city it is
quite visible and Is a very pretty
spectacle at night.
F. K. Collins, with the firm of *Mac-
nell & Banwell, left for Winnipeg on
Tuesday evening's train.
Parliament to Make
New Liquor Laws
Liberal Meeting
At Hosmer B. C.
Fernlo Liberals made* tiie Journey
to Hoamer on /Tuesday evening laat
and bold a most successful rally mooting. In spite of tho fact tbat nwny
peoplo havo declared Hosmer "dead"
and 'Juried," over elxty peoplo were
prosont at tho gathering, and tbo utmost enthusiasm wat abown tor the
prospective candidate, Jlr. A. I, -Fisher. A strong committee waa appointed and an Immediate revision of
tko voters' Hit -begun, while practically everyone present pledged them-
selves to support tbo Liberal nominee.
Mr. Plsher stated that he bad sev-
•ml pertinent questions with refer-
•mo to tho spending of public monies
jrfetefc bt will put to the Hon. W. R.
Rom "when he gets him on tbo plat*
Daring tbo course ot bla remarks
Mr. Fisher touched upon tha unemployed question and suggested tbat
froo labor bureaus might btlp mitigate
lba evil Ha suggested tbat non in
search ot employment bo permitted to
travel froo oa tko railroad, thus ro*
moving tke pooolbllity of tba worker
spending his last dollar In search of
employment Tba gjtaUot, as Mr.
Fisher readily recognised, was beyond
tbt scoot of local polities; tbo fact
tbat dntwploywent was world-wide
necessitated world-wide action, and bo
considered It ol suoh lovportaiics that
wt aboold arrange an imperial or In-
teraatloaaJ eoaforsaco to disease tto
<lit«a(toa *n*i oooonibf mmm niminby
it might bo abated, la tht meantime,
bootem, b* wouM Mtotal* tmt tabor
buresos snd frte transportation for
men la search ot work. t
Mr. Ptsker Mi ao way attempted i#
minimise tbo gravity of tbt anesipley-
ment fatetlo*, and expressed Um candid opHrioa that goveraaseeta fa tbt
future mast handle tbla question and
lntrodeee sack moasares that woald
ttiiil tn ftfnmt, It not. remove mm* It*
«lso asked all pmeal to speak opon
■my topic that fn their opffiMti *<wfd
be btttfleJal to tho verier; ho understood that Ibo worker wat tho wealth
predator, aad his wants mast receive
By hii fnak poamn tbt npmtm
pfafnfy ati-nr^f fb«t, b* wit nnt
Mt haowfcdg* of tho
lems besetting society today, and created a very favorable Impression among
those present.
Several Hosmerites spoke, referring
In tbe condition of those who wero
compelled to stay In tho town (In
splto of the fact tbat tho C. P. R. had
granted free transportation to all wbo
desired to leave) owing the scarcity ot
work elsewhere.
>MIN£RS WIM P>ifW0!tlMM9Q&vK
*    >'„ ,     ■„ .   "~   -     • -.-v '-   • -t. 'V V '*' '* '
Former United States Judge George
Grey, sitting aa umpire for the anthracite conciliation board at Hazelton,
Pa., handed down a decision on March
31st that the electricians, electricians'
helpers,, watchmen, fire bosses, stable
bosses, engineers and other monthly
mon were entitled to the wage advance
of 10 per cent, dating from the amended agreement in effect between the
operators and their men slnco IMS.
April's arrival haa oaused many amateur gardeners to get busy with a vt*w
to providing tht family table witb
somo of tho necessaries of life at tbo
minimum of expense. To aaalat In
tbla work of Intenslvt cultivation the
Department of Agriculture has Issued
tho following bulletins whleb wtll bt
ror warded upon application:
No. 41. "The Potato aad Ita Culture," by ,W. T, Sitcom.
No. 6, "Asparagus, Calory and Onion Culture."
No. 10.   "Tomato Culture.''
Nos. 7 and I. "Profitable MtM
Root Varieties," br P. O.. Brown.
Addrtaa eooaaaalcailona:
Poblleatiost Branch,
Dept. of Agricalttre,
Ottawa, Ont.
John iMurray, correspondent for tbe
Now York Call In 'Mexico, reports that
pacta aro being signed by leaders of
the Constitutionalist forces in Mexico
with the loader* of labor, by virtue
of whioh the demands of labor are Included ln tho war program. Hitherto
tbe Constitutionalists have embraced
only the agrarian demands and tbla
latest pact la already enlisting a now
support to thtlr banner. The workera
of -Mexico have ao long been denied
the right to organize that even a promise, tbo fulfillment of which Ilea on
tbe other aide of a bloody war, stems
LONDON, April 13.—.Probably no
session of the British parliament
since the opening of the war has been
awaited with keener interest than the
sitting which will begin tomorrow. A
"dry England" Is not beyond the possibilities, but the government has given not the slightest official hint aa
to what action may be taken.
Several days ago an opposition paper published a forecast of the gov-
eminent plan, which is asserted contemplated the prohibition of all liquors except light beers, which would
be manufactured by the government
This prediction received some confirmation tonight from the government representatives, who declared
the entire business of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquors is to
become a government monopoly.   _
Cabinet Considers Plan
LONDON, April 13.-.By F. A. McKenzie.—-.Parliament reassembles tomorrow and "drink legislation" is expected to occupy early attention. The
committee, composed of representatives of the caibinet and expert advisers, yesterday formulated a program
for consideration by the entire cabinet today.
•The distillers, after an Interview
with Davfd Lloyd George are convinced that the government Intends entirely prohibiting the sale of spirits during the war.
Numerous widely differing forecasts of the government program appear today, including the unauthorized
statement that Lloyd George and other ministers favor the purchase by
thc state, of all breweries and licensed
houses, placing them under direct
state management, the purchase price
to bo about $1,000,000,000.
Sir Thomas Whlttaker, prominent
temperance reformer, who  is  report-
The United Kingdom alliance's
statement of the drink bill, issued in
today's Times, shows that last year's
drink expenditure was £ 164,463,000,
or £17 4s. 2d. for each family of five
The sale of spirits rose early in
1914, declined when tbe war broke-
out, but has since risen high, the sales
for the first quarter of the preaent
year being remarkable figures. This
Is possibly due to heavy clearances
on account of the possible rise iu duty.
Wine consumption has declined remarkably. The sale of beer began to
decline toward the end of November
when the beer duty raised the prlcos,
and has continued to decrease since.
Whatever legislation is announced
will be carried out by mutual consent,
the government having consulted the
opposition and secured Us substantiate
State Monopoly is Plan
LONDON, April 13.—The Evening
Chronicle, which is in close touch
with the cabinet, says the government
is considering a plan for complete
state control of the wholesale and retail trade in the domestic supply of
alcohol. The plan, it .sajs, involves
a state monopoly in the manufacture
and sale of alcoholic liquors.
eminent In elaborating a purciiase
scheme, declines to affirm or deny
the report, declaring he ik not at liberty to discuss the matter.
License trade officials scoff at thc
Idea, declaring It. Impracticable and
absolutely absurd,
Ticket Scheme Suggested
Among the fantastic schemes being
urged is one for a system ot tickets,
each entitling the bolder to a dally
allowance of liquor, tickets to be nontransferable, no sales permitted without  tbe  tickets  being  produced.
On Sunday,    April 25th, the G. N.
passenger train service will be changed and on (Monday morning, the 26th,
the time for departure will be 10.30
a.m. from Fernie and will leave at that
time every day thereafter    (Sundays
excepted) unfto further notice.     The
arrival time is 9.30 a.m. (Sundays excepted).   Fernie is to be the terminal
of the daily passenger service but for
the accommodation of passengers for
-1 iosmefr"Oison_7inff~^TOlier"a~"rBSx5a~
train will leave Fernie every .Monday,
Wednesday and Friday at 12.40, from
Hosmer at 2.10 p.m. and Olson at 2,30
p.m.j arriving at Michel at 3.10 p.m.,
leaving thc last mentioned place Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday at 7 a.m.,
arriving at Fterrile 3.50 a.m,
R. Minton, now serving with tbe
Canadian ..Mounted Rifles at Pincher.
returned home on Friday to recuperate, after being in poor health for
Home little time. lie will re-join the
('. M. R. ns soon as fully recovered.
  | HfVi**^        *4
>mmmmm umiflr-meU
Ibe fteai («g**(ar meeuag ot ike terete Pooltry aad Pot Stoek Aatoelatloa
will bo fetid tan Ingram'* ttnm tm Tot*
dar orontng,  tht Wth. at t o'clock.
It. D. Wilson win load a discussion oa
Iho caro aat footing et Obtebe."    i
At the laat meeting Mr. Stalker gave I oem
aa Interesting talk oa Whlto Wyaa-|*SM
dot les and Pooltry Homes.   Ilia remarks were mneb appreciated by tht
members. Among tbe rleliort srho en-
frtf#*f *Wr tttoflreft talk wnrn   t IJ.
MeDoaaM, If. A, Kastner and   John
Turner. An fnrtUtlon It cxt&u-JetX tn
oreryoee to attend theee meetings,
Insufficient Nttltt tf Petition Was
Given, Oteldea Mr, dottles
Cltwwnt at Vtneewver
VANCOUVBH, B. C„ April U.-lMr.
Justice Clement took ettctly three
minutea tMa afternoon In tbt supreme
court to decide that technically Joseph
Martin's second petition for tht unseating of Mayor Taylor aboold be
dismissed. iMartln sosght to attack
Taylor's steading oa the ground that
ho lacked property taallfkaUoa. Oa
Taylor's behalf objection wat taktft
that tight clear days" notice of the
petition at reqalrod hy the statute
bad not keen given. Hit tordahtp
ruled that tbla objection was fatal and
accordingly eonted Martin  ml ot
THOS UPHILL, secretory ef Gladstone umm Union ana else one
who haa alwaya taken a lively Interest In all matters pertaining to the
benefit of hie fallows, will, ws fssl confident, sttsnd to hia dutlaa at
Mayer with the eome dlreetneaa aa ke haa shown in other spheres ef
elvlc life.
OTTAWA, April 10.—The Kvcnl.it
Free Preta I Liberal l aaya:
"The government Is preparing for
an olectlon. (Hie of tbe mott prominent of the t'Miservatlr* aaembtrs
from Quebec stated laat night that
tk* govern iu«>nt hsd actually decldod
upon tkt date* Ho declared thtt unless something unforeseen occurred
Parliament would be dlisolvcd a few
days after prorogation, tnd an election ordered, wlt!i nonilnttion* on
Monday, Jane ;. tad polling on tko
*-*»w*i*W ttm-i  -.*   mmf****   .*i-*   *-**#^
in fix* rrtityrtrrtVit-t fnr *\1*
Tbt ftotsle  Italian   Rand gate a
concert on Victoria avenne on Sunday
Provincial ConnttWe Cotllnt hrrnight
In two more bad Russians frem Cranbrook on Friday. These parties wet*
connected wltk the Beater Sunday d!a>
,i,rt,n ,*•,', -   «.,   V..rt**n
Aaestiatee  Say  He  Will  Certainly
Stand at -Pertheemlitf Election
l/LVUOX, April ll. ftlr Richard
Ucllridc is confined to his room in hit
hotel with a bad chill and is unable
lo fulfill his entailment to *** lb*
Itlikt Hon. I). Lloyd lleone, Hit
associate* here aay ke certainly Intends to stand tt tbe forthcoming
Rrillsh ColemWt election.
Stewtrt Tttppor, K.C., of Winnipeg,
wbo tt ttill tn a nursing homo at Os-
tt..*    Hi.-inU"   It mtl   n   frtrt,.  *\mtt   *11**0
lot nnc«n*Hmit«e*«. bnt hs* now rsf.
Existing Agretmtnt   Between   Union
tnd Mlnet May Be Brought Into
Tbe relationship between the copper
market and the miners ot Rossland Is
such that at tho present time, every
miner it closely watching the rise ln
the price of the red metal. Hetween
the Rossland Miners' Union and the
two chief mining companies in Rossland the Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada, Limited,
and the Le Roi No. 2 Limited there
exists an agreement which provides a
sliding wage scale, the determining
factor of which is tbe price per pound
of copper aa recorded in the Mining
and Engineering Journal, published In
New York.
I'nder this agreement the present
oniptp In Rosuland camp, fnr machine
men, Is 13.50 per day, with otber underground workera getting 1185 and
f.1.00. When copper advances to Id
cents per pound and remains there
for tklrty days. 2S cents Is added to
tke dally wage of nvery underground
worker, A similar advance of 26 centa
a dty It provided for when tbe price
of copper goes up to IS rents tnd remains for tklrty days, tbls bolng Ihis
high mark affected by th.- scale.
While sales of copper have evidently i
been mtdo In tome places above IS
cents, the price recorded In the Issues
Coveniment supporters flocked to
the Conservative Committee rooms In
the Dobson and Wlllingham Block on
Monday evening. April J2th, In response to the call of a general meeting. Wben this meeting wat called It
was expected that the Hon. W. R.
Ross would be here, but immediately
after the meeting was tailed to ordor
by President Dudley of the Local As.
sociatlon a communication from the
Honorable .Member was read, wherein be stated that owing to pressure
of affairs of state his departure from
the Capital had been delayed but tbat
he would be here In tbe uetr future.
Reference was also made by >Mr. Rota
to the ptndlng election but at the dato
or forwarding the communication
thm- had been no definite dale tet
for this, although the official an*
nouncenwtiit might bo expected dally.
President Dudley made the opening
addre**, expressing satisfaction at
seeing Kuch a large representative
ruUii rlnii and thanked tbe supporters
ef the Conservative party here fee
tbeir prompt r*spots whet tht •»*
nouncement of tht
had hern made, hy
serviie* on behalf tl
standard bearer, th*- lit*. MMsbsr tf
Ulr. A. II. Trites. wko It Pro—eel
of thi' District Cfcmsenellv* Annorln-
tion, delivered a short addrett, during
which  be expressed confidence thst
of the journal named, so far received < «»• *"*> •*»•«   *f *■ * «M*e*fal
Mr. Rkcraood Herekmer followed aad
J. F. JUagfcam. wen-know* in Pernio
as a mastetsa, ead aloe ee ea etsfloye*
hi tht r*5ea HaU, Is otrw flrtt lta-|-#
<mmtf*t   fn   rf-m
Abm^mS^m^mmmA mmt.
Mr  W*!«r.r   fiwn*Hv n**ei rt* ttnm
met, hat been trannferred to Pernie
as saweesor to tke late Robt R*adlag
He assumed his official duties Tb'irs
here, has not yet touched '<
Price Will Stay Up
ludieaUofwi, bom*x*t, point to ihst
very strongly, for wilh the various nations consuming tremendous qaaotlt-
1i*.  nt ***n  t*ntt   rnti***  ***   mtti-minltlni
the sn-optv of cwper i* dlmtnlshlnr. '
and It ts eneonrotlns many people*- tot
delivered a lengthy address, review.
: ihk the work of lb* present govern-
jiiiiiii. aud tawed all pluiw>* of Ike
ill ua tion admirably. Mr. I I, Martin*,
| solicitor, of tbla eity, made bla debet
t ut. lit.  nHi.tt.'tt, tt-mtimtn* i« un* wm
.'■** A ' 4 i   **■■ -'•'   .V' • 41   iii**<      ...... I »*.V 4   *i
HiuWou of ik-M* j.rt»*i,t    tame   tbe
*emm*n**m**t et ht* tS4t*** tm tb*
The important problem factax
fpfltttnn ffpttDftotjy |# *p I Ak»4W*M»», *d «i|«*»ki
*m**mm*L^.*m.^.^m*,<m.j*.*mtm*.mm*m.9*mm.m*-*^i .m. m. mm ^.-m. ttm .m, .m.   > M Consulted
Dr. Workman, of Cot! Creek, re-
Uu'nt-,1 Vii»mi *A,«»ki%i,r «,'„ SWs»<l.ii*. *■.*■-,,
jlng after tn absence of tis  weeks,
(ihiTinr   «n»«tt  lime  «*•*  »»»*  o**-* *»»>•
dersalBC treatment for ihe re* torsi Ion
:et Un tight, *kVk %.*t lieea -mailder-
| ably Impaired for »»e time.     The
result Is that the treatment received
♦  Shas h*#a very *ntl*t*<tot*    Ur. X i-
»u«*.  *«• lU«*  l.^***-.*.•
forsee a depleted market rlote ttj(
hand.      The price bas stMdtil)  rt**B t  'T'
from .round eleven rents, tnd ia somoj^ ,onnm f0<!ay mA ^ commend
«**».--*-    UMMHI,!      M».*W    **fc**,*    .9.*,    &t*t*t*m.
Ki,\*-n>rtmr,t kaa nttmn to tke oreastee
I'r-MvtiMr-* wedfe«t*ftn« st*- t»t*e mn-tt* ft*-
twenty-rent ropp^r before tke war t*t
Any ri«e stick a* thH -nonld metn an
inrreated payroll In RossUnd and the
pro*peft» of • too wtte« Is enough to
put hope Into .be heart of the man
....'... *,.i.,,...;
Willissn  tnbrttitm. susit'r of  tbr*
and coped with the tllvttton were
thorough!* covered by tbe speaker.
He »l*o very eonclotlvelf p*»l»ted owl
ih.- iti-toti-ki-fteRelet ef 'he Ukertt
pint fnnn*
iM-fail* of the or*:filiation f«tr mm
,>,..HI.     *>»li»        '**•»■> *tt»M»tt*fcl    U,    t-W
meeting, and from now oa tke eost-
«ii'»e*e* sill bf *«*tr*H' amptpet
Orphciitn Theatre, annonneet that thltsRefr»>*hmcnf< wer* -wred fa tt! and
pictnr* hmise will open wRh a first- j sundry snd the me-etlnf r-oneta-fltft*
ciau ptmprnmto* of noting ftk'.met*. *b-artiy fc*fef* » o'clock. The attend
uu. J,,\t9iii.r. X**.l i'.xU U*Um«* uu,*i»i' ***9, ... U,« ..*..*U'^w.--ki»^i i9, *tnm
Uttardty at IM, |haadred.
1 ^vta&fraptWitn
TIIK WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION  lor the time being included in Sched-
■I.',. There is hereby constituted a
Commission for the administration of
this Part, to be called "The Workmen'.:- Compensation 'Board," whi.ch
shall, until otherwise determined liy
Acr of legislature, consist of one member to be nppointed by the Lieuten-
:uit-"ovoruar in Council, and shall lie
;i b»dy. corporate.
!t*. (.> Such Commissioner ■ shall
hold flirt-Ire for the term' of len' years
t'ollowiiij:-'his appointment, but'shall
he removable by the l.ieuteiiaiit-tlov'-
ornCV dii-the address of the Legislative
il'.V S'j".).1l?.ni to rcmoval'as provided
in wi'ilispction ill. a Commissioner
sliairhold office until liis successor Is
IT. I:i t!:e case of the death, illness,
or atii-?enco from Ilritlsh Columbia of
t'.io Commissioner or of.his inability to
act i'r.T.11 any cause, the l.ieutenant-
(■Jovovnor in Council may appoint some
person to act pro tempore in his stead,
and the person so appointed shall have
all the powers and perform all the
duties of the Commissioner.
■IS.   The   Commissioner   shall . devote the whole of his time to the per-
fonu^;i,ce..o.f his duties under this Part.
■i'.i,. ,.TJie .salary of the Commissioner
#h:ill. be-, seven  thousand  dollars  per
annum, and shall be paid by the Board.
.'.»,   (,l.» The Board shall have the
liko powers ns the Supreme Court for
coaipelliuK the attendance of witness-
i's and of examining them under oath,
and    compellinB'   the   production   of
•hooks, papers, documents, and things.
12.) The Board may cause dispositions of witnesses residing within or
without the Province to be taken before any   person  appointed    by    the
Board  In   a  similar   manner  to  that
prescribed   by  the   Rules  of the  Supreme Court for the taking of like de-
posi'Mcns in that Court before a Commissioner. k
•    .'iJ,    11.) The    Commissioner   shall
not, directly or indirectly—
(a) iHav-d,   purchase,   take,  or   become  interested   in  any  Industry  to
which this Part applies, or any bond,
debenture   or   other   security. _flf_tkc_
jierson owning or carrying it on:
ib) ilie the holder of shares, bonds,
debentures or othor securities of any
company which carries ou the business of employers' liability or accident
In Have any interest iu any device,
machine, appliance, patented process,
or article which may he required or
used for the prevention of accidents.
(2.) If any such industry, or Interest -therein, or any such share, bond,
debentures, or other securities of any
company which carries on. the business
of employers' liability or accident In-
,   surancet
(cl Have any Interest In any device,
machine, appliance, patented process,
or article which may be required or
used for the prevention of accidents.
(2.1 If any Such Industry, or Interest therein, or any ssich share, bond.
debenture, security, or tlilna comes to
or becomee vested In the Commissioner by will or by operation of law. and
he doe* not within three months thereafter sell and absolutely dispose of It.
In* n'lttxll (ease to hold office,
uie 1; and, if so, which of theni:
Ob J Whether any industry or any
part, branch, or department of any
industry falls within any of the classes for the time being Included in
Schedule 2; and, if so, which of them:
(c) Whether any part of any such,1
industry   constitutes  a   part,   branch,
or department of an industry within
the meaning of Part 1.
(3) Nothing in subsection (1) shall
prevent the Board from reconsidering
any matter which lias been dealt with
by k or from rescinding, altering, or
amending any decision or order previously niade, all of which the Board
shall have authority to do.
Sli. The Board may award such
sum as it may deem reasonable to
tiie successful party to a contested
claim for compensation or to any other
contested mattor as compensation for
the expenses he lias been put to by
reason of or incidental to the contest,
and an order of the Board for the payment of an employer or by a workman
of any sum so awarded, when filed iu
tlie manner provided by section 58,
shall become a judgment of the court
in W/liich it is filed and piay he enforced accordingly.
• 57, (l) 'The Board may act upon
the roport of any of Its officers, and
any inquiry which it shall be deemed
necessary to make may be made by
the .Commissioner or by an officer of
the..Board or same other person appointed to make the inquiry, and the
■Board may act upon his report as to
the result of the inquiry.
(2) The person appointed to makej
tlie inquiry shall for the purposes of
the inquiry have all the powers conferred  upon  the Board of subsection
(1) of section 50.
58. An order of the Board for the
payment ot compensation by an employer who Is individually liable to pay
tlie compensation or any other order
of the Board for the payment of money
made under the authority of this Part,
or a copy of any such order certified
by the Secretary to be a true copy,
may be filed with any District Registrar of the Supreme Court, or with the
ltegistrnr or .Deputy Registrar of any
i (iiiniy Court,, and when so filed shall
Board out of the Consolidated Revenue
Fund such annual sum not exceeding
fifty thousand dollars as the Lieutenant-Governor in Council may direct.
(54. (l) An Accident Fund shall be
provided by contributions, to be made
in the manner hereinafter provided,
by the employers in the classes or
groups of industries for the time.ibeing
included In Schedule 1, and compensation payable in respect of accidents
which happen in any industry included
In any of such classes or groups shall
theless, be deemed one.and indivisible.
(4.) Where1 a greater number of accidents has happened in any industry
than in tbe opinion of the Board ought
to have  happened  If proper precautions had been taken for the prevention of accidents in it.or where in the
opinion of the Board the 'ways, works,
machinery, or appliances in any industry are defective, inadequate, or insufficient, the Board may, so long as suph
condition in its opinion continues to*
exist, add to the amount of any contribution to the.Accident Fund for which
An  employer is  liable  in  respect, of
such industry such a percentage thereof as the Board may deem just,   and
may assess and levy the same .upon,
such employer, or tke Board may ex*,
elude such industry from the class In
which it is included; aud if it is so excluded the employer shall -be individually liable to pay the compensation to
which any of his workmen or their do-
pendents may thereafter become entitled, and such industry shall be included
in Schedule 2.
j    ("«) Any additional percentage levied
be payable and shall be paid out of the ! and collected under .the next preced-
Accident Fund. j ing subsection shall be added to the
(2) Notwithstanding the generality j Accident iFund or applied in reduc-
of the description of the classes for, tion of the assessment upon the other
the time being Included in Schedule i employers in the class or sub-class to
1, none of the industries included in "hich the employer from whom it is
Schedule 2 shall form part of or be collected belongs, as the Board may
deemed to be included in any of such [ determine.
classes, unless it ls added to Schedule j 70. (1) The Board may, in the ex-
l by the Board under the authority erclse of the powers conferred by the
conferred by this Part. j next  preceding  section,  withdraw  or
Ci. Where at any time there is not exclude from a class industries in
money available for payment of the which not more than a stated number
compensation which has become due of workmen are usualy employed, and
without resorting to the reserves, the may afterwards add them to the class
Board may pay such compensation out or classes from which they have been
of the reserves and shall make good withdrawn, and any Industry so with-
the amount withdrawn from the re- drawn or excluded shall not thereafter
serves by making a special assessment lie deemed to be included in Schedule
upon the employers liable to provide 1 or Schedule 2.
the compensation or by including it, ,2) where industries are withdrawn
In a subsequent annual assessment;   or excllldeci from a class under the an-
°r VVl',e,r.e..U !' l°LV\y ™"°n deemed  tllorlt>" ot subsection (1), an employer
in any of them may, nevertheless, elect
inexpedient to withdraw the amount
required from the reserves, the -.Lieutenant-Governor in Council may direct
that the same be advanced out of the
Consolidated  Revenue  Fund,  and   in
to become a member of the class to
which but for the withdrawal or exclusion he would have belonged, and
(2) An employer and every other
person who obstructs or hinders the
making of the examination and inquiry
mentioned in subsection (1), or refuses* to permit it to be made, shall
Incur a penalty not, exceeding five
hundred dollars.
75. (I). If a statement is found to
be inaccurate the assessment shall
be made on the true amount of the pay
roll as ascertained 'by such examination and Inquiry, or if an assessment
lias been -made against the employer
on the basis of his pay-roll being as
shown by the statement the employer
shall pay to the Board the difference
between the amount for which he was'
assessed and the amount for which he
would have been assessed it the amount of the pay-roll had been truly
stated, and by way of. penalty a sum
equal to .such- difference.
(2) The Board, if satisfied that the
inaccuracy of the statement was not
intentional  and   tbat   the   employer
honestly desired to furnish an accurate
statement, may relieve lilm from the j
payment of the penalty provided for j
by subsection (1) or any part of it.       |
Tii.   (I) The Board and any mem-'jcr'
of it, and any officer or person authorized by it for that purpose, shall
have the right at all reasonable hoars!
to enter the establishment of any em-1
ployer who Is liable to contribute to'
the Accident Fund and the premises
connected  with It and every part of
them for the purpose of ascertaining
whether the ways, works, machinery,
or appliances -therein are safe, adequate, and sufficient, and whether ull
piiopcr precautions are taken for the
prevention of accidents to the workmen omployed iu or about the establishment or premises, aiid whether the
stifety appliances or safeguards prescribed by law are used and employed
therein,   or   for   any other purpose
which the Board may deem, necessary
for the purpose of determining the proportion In which such employer should
,coiitrlbute to the Accident Fund.
(2) An employer and every ot'ier
person who obstructs or hinders the
making of any inspection made under
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No.. 2314
Mset first and third. Fridays,
Mirers* Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
deck, sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fe.rnle, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet   every  Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   Sn   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
. No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   tn' the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnston, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every .second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
In Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries.
Sec..~ PassTiursr, Alta. -1 v
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren.  Sec,  Can-
nore. Alta.
.. No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
In Scliool Housp. Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos.' G. Harries. Sec.'l
Passburg. Alta.
that case the amount advanced shall of tliat c,nM and as >uch UaWe tQ CJ>n.
be collected by a special assessment, (r,bHte to the Accll!ent Pund) and hls
and when collected shall be paid over ,ndUBtry shall be deemef, t0,be embrac.
to the Provincial Treasurer. -cd ,B Schedule ,_
if he so elects he shall be a member j the authority of subsection (1), or le-
fuses to. permit it to 'be made, shu'I
incur a penalty not exceeding five
hundred dollars.
CC. It shall be the duty of the Board
at all times to maintain the Accident
Fund so that the reserves, exclusive
of the special reserves, it shall be sufficient to meet all the payments to be
made out of the fund in respect ot
compensation as they become payable,
and so as not unduly or unfairly to
burden the employers in any class in
future years with payments which
are to he made In those years ln re-
(J) Notice of the election shall be
given to the Secretary of the Board,
and the election shall be --deemed to
have been made when the notice is
received by him.
71. The powers conferred by the
next preceding two sections may be
exorcised from time to time and as
VT. (1.) Xo officer of the Board tind
uo person authorized to make an Inquiry under this Part shall divulge or
allow to be divulged, except in the
performance -of his duties or under the
authority, of the Board, any information obtained by him or which has
| come to his knowledge lu making or In
connection with an inspection or In-
ofteit as in the opinion of the Board j <l,l,r>' ^lder thls Part-
occasion may require.
At   Tht- office* of the Board shall
Ho situated In the City of Victoria, and
iln ult'imts nlinll be held there, ex**
he enforced as a judgment    of    the
Court. j
Tiii. (1) The Board may make such '■
regulations as may be deemed expedient for carrying out the provisions of
tills I'art and to meet cases not sped-
ally provided for by this Part, and a
certified copy of every regulation so
made shall be transmitted forthwith to
the Provincial Secretary, and any regulation may. within die month after
It has been received by he Provincial
Secretary, be disallowed by the Lieutenant-Governor In Council.
(2) Kvery regulation which Is ap-
proved by thc Lieutenant-Governor in
Council shall Immediately nfter approval or on the day named by him for
tlmt purpose become effective, and
after the period for disallowance has
expired every other regulation which
han not been disallowed shall become
effective, and every regulation which
has became effective shall be forthwith
pulillsliel lu the Uazette.
i iiii Every person who contravenes
i miy mich resulntlon nfter 1t han be-
j enmri effective, or nny rule of an ns-
tocliitlon formed as provided by sec-
g»gpt   nf   aPPiHonfa   -ivhjpJi_hai^—nraylJ—£2,—A-r@gU!ailGH--OP-Order-i*Bade--by-
ously happened. i tlio jBoard  under the authority    of
117. (l)'Subject to section 86. it clause (a) or clause (b) of subsection
shall not be obligatory upou the Board O) of section 69 shall not have any
to provide and maintain a reserve fund ; force or effect unlese-approved -by the
which shall at all times be equal to Lieutenant-Governor in Council, and
the capitalized value of the payments when so approved It shall be published
of compensation which will become in the Gazette and shall take effect
due In future years, uuless the Board on the expiration of one month from
shall be of opinion that lt Is necessary the first publication of It In the Gr.z-
to do bo in order to comply with the' ette.
provisions of section 66. j    Statements to be  Furnished  by
(2) It shall not be necessary that; Employer*
the reserve fund shall be uniform as, 73. (1) Subject to the regulations,
to all classes, but, subject to sections; every employer shall, not Inter than
(ifl and 86, It sb.all.be discretionary j three months before ;the day namer,
with the Hoard to provide for a 'larger.; by Proclamation as mentioned in see-
reserve fund in one or more of the j tloi. 3. and yearly thereafter on or bo-
clause* than In another or others of foio such date as shall be prescribed
them. iby,the Board, prepare and transmit to
«s.   if any trade or business con. j tha Board a statement of the amount
nert<»d wtlh tbe Industries of—Lumber-! of "the- wages earned by all his onv
(2) Kvery  person  who contravenes
any of the provisions of subsection
No. 1058   '
Meet second and fourth Sunday |
In month.   Sick and Benefit Socl
ety attached.—Mack Stiller.
No. 2227
Moet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—.1.  Mitchell,   -Kee..  Box.
105. Coleman,
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in 'ho Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley. Fin.
Stfo., Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barrlngham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 481
M-rt't every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p nt —John
f.oiiglnan, sec.
No. 2829 •■
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. tn
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Stek
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec...
PnsRhurg. Alta.
No. 574
Meet every Tuesday evening
at 7.30, in Miners' Hall, 12th
Avenue North.—Robt. Peacock,
Sec,-Treas., Box 24.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in    the   Socialist   Ha-11.— James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   ,16,   Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second~Sundtij- nt 2
o'clock   In   the  Club  Hall.    Sick
Benefit  Society    attached.—R.
Garbett, sec, Corbin, .B.C.
No. 3026
Meet  overy Sunday afternoon,
2.S&,   at   Boarding   House.     Sick
and   Accident   Fund, attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
No. 1263
Meet Sunday after each pay
day, 3 o'clock, ln iMiners' Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
B. Morgan, Secretary.
tion l»5 which has been approver! and
ratified as provided by that section.
Ina, mtnliiK, quarrying, fishing, manufacturing, 'building, construction, engineering transportation, operation of,
(1) shall Incur a penalty not exceed,
ing five hundred dollars.
78. The penalties Imposed by or
under the authority of this Part shall
be recoverable under the "Summary
Convictions Act," and when coll.'Hed
shall be paid over to the Board and
shall form part of the Accident Fund.
79, (1) The Board shall, 'before the
day named by Proclamation as mentioned In section :i, make a provisional
assessment on the employers In each
class of such sum as In tho opln-ion of
the Hoard will be sufficient to meet
the rlii!ni« for compensation whick will j
be payable by that class for the first
year nfter tho day so named and to
moot tho expenses of the Board in the
administration ,pf this Part for tho
year, and nlso to provide a reserve
fund to pay the compensation payable
Imperial Bank of Canada
—Gapital-Paia^pTTfT^OOjOOO ItlseWFTund^Tn^T^OO^OO"
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIAS ROGERS, Esq., VIce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits et current rate from date of deposit.-
dlately connected therewith, not Included'In Schedule Vis not Included
!u nny of the classes mentioned In
t-ti'itedutc l, the Hoard shall assign tt jbr:s'ni»ii» or class
to an appropriate -class or form nn
•uMltiniit! clan* or classes embracing
the trades or buslnesse* not so Inclml-
"■t. •.ttv!  until   l'i ftt  [j  don
no far as It may be otherwise provided
«M wIu.r«Mt le n,*.  to hold . ., rfw|| contrHvcnUon.Incur «
nm .hewhero and In that mm ■ -! „„„,„,. „„, ,
'Br i!«\i* "U,V I    WlM'rp a" amm ,n ™»m ot an ,n'
li   «»«">«»»• , |„rv lw brought agslnit an employer
-.-,.   Tl,, fomnusaioner shall sit at  „, „  wor^     or      „e,iem,ent( tlw
mt-U times and conduct his „ro«e I-; „„.,„, „,„,„ „,w Jurlg(llcUo„ M|mi) thft
Inm in mich manner as he may deem: ,^^ <)f ,h<>        ,        <0 d t
.no* convenient for the proper dis-; wW ,,„.,„„,. |h(f work       of d      -.
■f'lrir"!1  -iii't   "tn'i'dv   (M-"i-i'"h   of  !i'i«(. , ., ,
i«*»«iii i» e>utUird to nihiniaiii the tirtioti
./,„,,      „     . ,   • :or only lo compensation under Pnrt
,.l.    (l;i Subject tn th, approval of.     m] Jf ,,„, IJj(|i| 1,l.a,,m,ll(„ l|(Hl „,„
ih^Ll^^ant^ovenior   In   Council.; „„,   r,fhl of ,„„ W(,rkman or ,,
tb,. itinri shall appoint a Secretary, ,.„,, |s ,0 Mwh P(immm:imii, th(. .„
'•ltd i» tbl**t M-wtlrsI Officer, and may;
spflotu »urh auditors, actuaries, ac!
c<»Uiit:tm», Impei-torn, niftlical referees
officer*, clerks and servant* an the'
Hoard "ii-xy i|i<citi n-M^imirv for carry-;
liilf out t'<e provision* nf thin   I'iirt,;
mui mix nr »*cr»be their duties mill fU !
tki'dr naUrlc*.
• i'i Kvery |H»riMJii »oappointed ulnill
hnl*! offlrt* durlnit thf pleasure of thi>
lieer*,   ,*n   siif   tUtnro kiwu  not   re*.,
,i,(*%r   ,.i«*i   Kllih   l«li».i|l   flrtlli »»Hin> **\*
tefit w!-r,i *h«< uppritvul of th« Llcuimn-';
•trt-'tt'.-'mir ?n I'mtn'M
'.'.',.      iI.i  Th*  llu*I'd *i :»ll li*»n> «'»•
• 1n- ivi'   jiir:-illc'!(jii   ti,  I'ViiilliH*'   i'lli),
tear „nl  *"**t<*rmln»- all matter-* nnd*
ijitrM. ,.■!.» «, *tt*t* m-i'tri lUti* 1**11, ntm
,     ".   ■*., "■ '■■ .v*   > in
•I'eWu *ij tittnri; nniliutll). ul dl-ii/«••
»H*fi '■> - "ii'ipftiwl «-nftn tba UttxtA, «t*
tk*« ntt'it ir i!#H«lon of the Hoard
ib**eir. i'i ill be final mm! cnnrlnxlvp
.1,.*    * >*.,    —>..    .Mt    *-,'..*    *-»   l,-.tllt*l*t„   W.
re*l#w in anj Conn. »«d »o prorwd*
Ing* »y or hetor* thr Hoard *hsll be
r»»trj:n*t by Inlunriion. prohibit ion.
or ether ft-rermt* or jurorwding liv any
Vmtt or h* remove'.*!** by «-*rtlor*rl
0- rib******** into unr frmrt:'
ti.t XX'r.oom   ikereky  limiting  the
,trf, ft 09*1'    II'      *t    l*:A     *.9,kt-lltl'ilt,..,.     fit    Vt>*,i,.- .*■
tlm, 111. it .« th-thri'® thu: m»h **u'iu*
tite tnrl*A>r-'ion -ihi!! *»\t««n»l to deter-
tojMiftf » '
Ml Wlv^-'lM-r  A.,.   i»dt*»tr>   oi  Any
ftxti*, Hr»«*r%, wr 4**"pt%ii<m*m-<: *' *t;f tit
ttit.tr* rati* wit*t*n *.**r ft it,* ete*.** **t thi* Prt-tf 1b**e «h*t!' b*> -rmtit '* th**  *itl — tb.* V-i-'.f t» F*rtr f "•♦S.iT
plnyees during the year then last pant
and an estimate of the nmount which ] in future years In respect of claims ln
'v|i] be expended for wages 'luring; that class for accidents happening in
Plectrlo-power lines, waterworks and jthe then current year, ikd such add!-j thnt year, of auch »n amount as the
othor public utilities, navigation, opera-j tional Information aa the Board may , Hoard may deem necessary to prevent
Hon of boaii, tugs and dredges, opera- require, both verified by the statutory \ the employers in future years from
tion of grain-elevators and warehous- j declaration of the employer   or   the being unduly   or   unfairly burdened
•'«: H'limlnff, scavenging, and street- Umnager of the business, or where the! with payments which are to be madej
i Iciu'.nj; painting, decorating, and re- employer Is a corporation, by an off!- iit those years In respect of accidents'
novnting, dyeing and cleaning; or any! cr of the corporation having n peraon-! which have previously luppcned.
tcrupatioii Incidental thereto or imme-nl knowledge of the matters to whl«h i    fit The sums  to  be so uisoiwed
lh-* declaration relates. ! may be either n percentnge of the pay-
.Where the business of Ihe employer mil* of the employer* or a specific
cir.braces mbre than one branch    of t sum, as the Hoard mny detormine.
of   industry,   de*    i.ti The nmount raised by such pro-
Hoard may require   separate   nn-c- visional astessment shall be retained
iiii<nt» shall be made, verified, and' hy ihe Hoard ai a special reserve lo j
transmitted  as  provided  by  suliacc- provide fer paying the fonipcnsatlon j
■r-ntivpt Injtiui (11. , -.uuiii U* voiiw* p«yalil« in luntre years j
.    eti If any employer does not make] tor which assessment* are to be made j
Willi, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Polidee
or other valuables in one of these boxes
^  ■   aw
P. B. Fowler, Manager Pernie Branch
lhe aaiessmeut upon the employer* in
n class or sub-class shall be uniform,
but they may be fixed or graded tn rein!'on to* the Iti,*iiM nf icictt or of miy
of the Industrie* Included lu the class
i kiii »lull tit- fim-ver *tH>«-i!
fn r>f. accounts of the Hoard shall
'it* Biidl'ed by the Auditor-funeral or
by nn utidllor appointed by the l«leu«
id-niii<<icvernor In Council for thai
s»ui'i"»*if, nnd th* «al»ry or remnnera-
i'on of ?hc l:int.ment!ont<! auJItor ihat I
Hi« fi'd H* V.'e lloird*
Bl. ill iThe Hoard shall, on or Ih»
f(*rii i*m> flffwiith dav of -laii'iMrv In
♦»ii'li y«ur, make a report to lh* Men-
it'ii int-lln^ernor of lu ,rjii»^ctli»i.»
: mir, and   »ucu   repot-
■mil   i>ititi(ulitr«  »*  tli*   Lieutenant-
• <(,<■ rmor In Council UM* |«'**rrSb».
I'M   t^fttr*. .ttr,*, 9,t't,t-*-* «*.-^M *,„ tn,9t*t
Si i Md t»*for* the l^elnliMif* if ihe
i «-2S>|j»ttir* i» ihrn Sn »e*»lor.. and if
It is not then In tension, within tltleen j
ill'**    tfiU-l    l'i,*'    UJM-lliilll,    *,t    lilt*    ltt".»l;*
t,i.    itt •■■*• it* e-irh • t*-*r
Hy rfxnilntlfMi*. such trade* and hiitl-'ntil  transit  to tlie Hoard 'he pre-'yilu r llie tlane ot the yeor, and *li@u-. "       '
iiet»en shall toxether constitute a »e-Ucrlbed statement within the prescrib  < \<-r the amount of auch sj»ecial rt<j   "''   '" Th* tUtwA shall determine
parate group or class and shall be?i»d llm*. the Hoard ma^ base any as-, <.frve Is not equal to the amount of the mA n% th* proportion or jiari of the
'h'eemeil to b* included In Schedule 1. *t*'*tmint   er   supplcmentari   atstas-' ctstimate>l enpendlture of the Hoard <M,m tor *'1•'f!, a <*!»*» '* •» assessed
«!»,   ill The noard shall have Juris-!ment thereafter made npon him on for the rtirrent year the Board ahall ,,mUir ",* l",°«'«»to»« « <*'<"er of the
dli tion and authority to— j suck  sum  aa  In  Its ©pinion  Is the iwake • special assessment on all th* '"""J l»»ew',»* **» awtlom which Is
ia • Hcarranse any of the clasaea forhtroHable amount of tke pay-roll ot tbe t'wployers In each claaa sufficient to'io ,J* l*w Uy ,he emplojrtra within
the lime'being Included In Schedule l.j employer, and the employer aball be bring the amount of the spwlal rw ,lM' C,*M w mm* *wjr •«!»*'»M. *»•
f'lul wjtlidrnw from aiu clans any In-) iNiimd llwrmby; but If it la afterwards wr** up to auch estimated amount, i4,(m* ««»iplo>er skall pay io tke Hoard
dustry Included In It and transfer It\n»r*ndined that *mh amount Is leas,mid whenever the amount of the spec- ,!u* ",m Ww* **r *>,,»» w'tnln flf-
*l!«ily or partly to my otber i-law** t'lte the nctual amount of lhe pay-roll, hi reserve I* gr*»?<«r t?>an tack fttl*   w*n ^"* **'"** B0,,M, Br ",* *******
upon the employers ln tbat class ns
ii'ay bo nw'esxary, or may temporarily
.idvitncc tho amount of any deficiency
out of the reserve* 'and add uticli
.•mount io any subsequent annual assessment or assessments. Section It
«hall apply to mtrh anpplewentary es-
si; ii.i ir and so far aa any deficiency mentioned In the next pre-
cidlnt two sections Is afterwards
nm.Ui good wholly or partly by the
defaulting employer, the amonni which
t*r»|| bnt* bttn made good shall he
I or form It into » sepirat* Haas, or it! «• employer aball be liable to pay to »ted B mount tke ttmrA «hall deductSmMI *n* •* *••• •»«»»' «» |WJ«bl« apportioned between Ihe otber   *m*
(e*rlttd« It from the operation of Part'the Hoard the difference between lhe sli** extent trom Vi* nrnmn* tor wklch 'hi»* l,p,,n "'w to h""'                        hlnv*ra tn tb** pro{M»rlliti>s to   wb'ch
l:                                                       (iimonnt for wfclch h*» waa»sa»aSMl and lhe nett annml »*»e««menf I* to be     ill   Tb* notice insy be sent by re * th#» *ti*t1*1*nrr was msde np by tb#«
    „.   ...   ..„ J    ,hl k-«'»*»ll»h othir Ha»»««, !nr?9i   o.,. <im(nmt for abU'b he woald have »*d«.                                                   Kiuuird  po»i  to tbe employer, and
tbe  n*«it  pmwdint  calendar '»> «",v flf «kf> Indusirlfi wbleb atv for Jbn>n «ss»aiml on the basis of bis |Miy- m.   (liTke Hoard •hull in every shall Ite deemed to have beon given
id   »ucU   report   *'. .11 «tnlaiu  ""' tUn* !,"I|,K ,n«'!'"V'' ,il Hche'lulc.rull. tent l»M.r#afl«.r ****** «nd Itvy upon «« klm tm ilie 4nt m wktrh lk«' no-
a. or sn- not Imliid-ml in sny of the'    tu   If an employer does ontfenm* the employers In *nb bt tbo elnnaen a , ilcw was potted.
fUittnit In* ««li#i.lii,l«' J:                        lVu ttitiij tu,. imtov lalona of swllMStclkwi *«w MttH-tont to pay tke rompenas-     nt.   II lb# a moan   IsiendHI lo
•> tbo iMyment of suppleatenUry nt*
•f»itm#nt«   npen th»», aid aball be
• rwHied lo Ihem In mnkltif ik#» netf
it m r<«)iiif(»^ fiy the Mcitenant-nor-
r-rror tn Vatmell. a surwn r»med ?>y
,,..,,.,..,., **1   «5»   U lm any rwisep am employer
(c» Ada to any of tbe cla«nsr*s fnr *i» or an-WeM-mi *•*  t\* it -*.** .imt*.' tin** w*,*i*** ««•»«. «-,<,-» t« ,*,„. «,..„» . ,.r )»,..•«.•♦*■)?* *** •*,*. **,, ..■-,.--4.„ * „, ».. ... .......
two time* being included In Meftodni* (men* msde In fmrmtanr* of tbelr pm- cwdin* *n1*oi>nr rent »n *r**v**i nf ttt. ******* \* hv r***o*\ nt »V t*i\*»*'* nt *****' - ***** ..t.tr, ^i*. ^-;,^* nt'trrtliili. ."" y.
, .i.,, n,*x**»,tt »u»k.ii*uw, luwtitatKdiu. vision* in not n true and acenrate |«rt«i to workmen tn »ke tndnttrlet nn emplover to trxy b'« prnportlon of itm* t« tke Hoard tli* nmmm tor
m\oi »ttCh «****«»• Matement df any of the Matter wn«tr. within tbe class, and to provide and H or from any Otber esHite tosofflcieni ? whleb be §*0«ld ba*» bemi nmmtetX,
,*,• Wbf** It  the 03.J*Jiwi  *f th*,r,j i« '.«• Mil tunb it. it, th« empto^er m> fix* e%i*ee**noi tbe-ftoard in tho tor Ike porpose for -blcM  It  was * and payment or that amount mar bt
Hoard tbr hsuard to irorkml>n In any fer wry su«k tton^i»pU«*r* and for »dwi*lftrait™ or th!a fart for tkat mnde, tke Hoard may m*to» wpple-fenforerd In tke mme manner as ike
rt*,1 ri**r*nf-  '*' '"''" •'"'"alrli'K f-uibrat^d hi a ikw • w-rv   !»'*«-*»  «l*t»"»»-«,.f   -.bill  iernr  m  a-*er.  s^fl  »*«« tn rrmi'^t*  t*  «-itpM^r  nr.ntir'   -i-s-c'*««-.<,nm tn m-,*-,, „,, **,,*■   •*,.,.,..* ,.t ..     . .    ,
*•****>* tone iti.t m anoiMer or otn*rn twnnliy tmt etfrodtnf mn bmtrrt toomo Mnl »o Ikat mettlOBed tn m% :,t'etieUnt'y. and section *l sk.ll gpply; forted.
of auch lndustrt«»*, or whew for any t'ollara.
metmn 111 of tmtUm T». and awh'to *mb as*»*««■«?*,   bnt th* lto.»r.ff    |*jj   Any »wm rollrcied frem an «m-
-     _    otkfr rwtson It I* deemed proper to do Tt,   tl i The llosrd and any mem- ssje*»«enti may 1m» based upon tkt* *.»m  M*r »»«essinR for tuck defk•'-1,,tem attdcr robt*ctlon til ahhll be
Ii to thp artair* «nd tiuslncsi of xh* m' *»*"»»«» "»»»' ««bdlvide the «!?i«# *.#.r of lt| and any ofTk«* or person nn- pkyrolla of the employer*. «««y ttnttl the ne*l annual «oaoswm<«nt ,ffc,» into arrow** by the Beird In
lu.rl for th# iwriwfr of «?H*rmlni!<« !"f0 •«•»•«»»»»«. ««d it tbat l» Une tke ikorised by li for that purpoa*.  akalt     Ui Where the a#»**mnr»t la bx»*» 1* made and then Include It In mtb * mfl%.\nm ., at*rit*m*tnt lm Tem*	
^ io tho #.ifflcl*ncy of th«» Accident ^,rd *M\1h ,»«* »*«*«»••»» w pro- h» tbe right to ftamlae tko books m the payroll of tbr employer and mmmtmnt.           ,                           iymnrm ibe^^^ltt^lHtTrw
s-...:, .-,...', «l„.»',', /*„„,'. .;„*,'.*..,( t„ '.'.„-  '"%fff'1f'*■' "** th* .-tn'rlbtirbxp-i  r,**,  t.t*,* v,.[ ... (cu ,.•; *.:,r ,.*«,i.u,-*it-< *««; m,. kUti/i- U k.«Ui«M \„ it u,t* **%*** or     *;..   jn c*s<- Wc paymeni madp by • *o*k^j***» to wh-k-k *a*l* mmM*lmama tm. m.
rtHf AcrMoot root which are to b* pot- matte «wh other inonlry as tho Pmtt I toUry of a workma* who hae hM« «h# «»ploy»r* tn any rlaM *i» Immf- SJJSi                            wwwyer **■ p
1'1''"    '•   '!l   ' "■■''''].' '"•»  Ul t-i' l* -^ '■»-*> iiif'*** ■>u»*'».*»**r'.  lor ike imrpoao »»»»** mote i*»a« »i in*, mt* e/t two t*ou- lict#in to meet *b* a moms t et nnv .*->.    ^.    \mtwiamMI9mMimm t*u-t ljh- j_*L
'hM*-                     ' >« *** *wb rtamlnatloK aad laflalry >Jfd Mlara per unrtvtn. thr mrmi neammmt «p«» Iho tmpltifott mnbem-' ...A... 7.™ ...XT* mm.*T*JT ^"
COMTPIttlTIOM tV PWOVINCt    «M thr .tmmnn mAortotoiAeopmArt rl nP.nl! btw -%'tl tk.. vmttn Wktrh: tlw p»y-ro« aud th* »»a«e»*«*»t >k>ll >^ni ot m »*mm*m*nt tm any rW» r*ZZml I!! "xT ?.**:."   W
C   To oartm in ^mjon tho ra- iB r^iooi oi mrmn Haea aod «n^ltas. may br *enfrttiM on a Commissioner be baaed on the mnoiinl of it a* so proven loaolTlctent   for Iho purpose SSTTJ^il^r Tf^,^'
,^t,, ifl^m4 ,s ,„;, ^-mmmntlm ba- f« t»t -pom* <fi tmm timtmo-^ppoiotot oobtt tk* "fnotit tooottin.iiw*om4. Unt mnun tt ... H««r. th* Mm* g^f SH^X'JngSTi *itT'
him for that purpes*)- shall i-isainlnr;
i4wi!*»n*nt4lovi»nior In Council.
-...ii*. t.t ri-n.«»tt» nil nm «ii etu-b fri
•..:-.*!! bt* ;,3id by the liwrd.
a* U .****. ***** tm* mm***** • m.%.mat  aMhw '»wpp*lemetitwry   eoitowtro THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B.C., APRIL 17, 1915
Proposed Workmen's
Compensation Aet for B. C.
(Continued trom Page Two)
the Board the amount of every assoss-
-men-t made upon him, or so much of it
as remains unpaid.
86.   Whenever the .Lieutenant-Governor in Council is of opinion that the
condition of the Accident .Fund is
such that with the reserves, exclusive
of the special reserve, it is not sufficient to .meet all the payments to
be' made in respect of compensation
as they become payable, and so as not
unduly or unfairly burden the employers in any class In future years
with payments which are to be made
iu those years In respect of accidents
which have happened In previous
years, he may require the Board to
make a supplementary assessment of
such sum as in his opinion is necessary to be added to the fund, and
when such a requirement is made the
Board shall forthwith make such .supplementary assessment, and lt shall
be made in like manner as is hereinbefore provided as to other special
assessments, and all the provisions of
this Part as to special assessments
shall apply to It.
87. 'In order to maintain the Accident Fund as provided by section 66,
the (Board may'from time to time
and as often as may be deemed necessary include in any sum to be assessed upon the employers and may
collect from them such sums as -may
be deemed necessary tor that purpose,
and the sums so collected shall form
a reserve fund and shall be Invested
lu .securities in which a trustee may
by law >invest trust moneys.
88. If an assesment or a special assessment Is not paid at the time when
it becomes payable, the defaulting employer shall be liable to pay and shall
pay as a penalty for his default such
a percentage upon the. amount unpaid
as may be prescribed'by the regulations or may bo determined by the
89. Where default Ib made in the
payment of any assessment or special
assessment, or any part of it, the
Board may issue its certificate stating that the assessment was made,
the amount remaining unpaid on account of it, and tbe person by1 whom
it was payable, and such certificate,
or a copy of t£ certified by the Secretary to be a true copy, may bo filed
Supreme Court, or with the Registrar
or Deputy Registrar of any County
Court, and when so filed shall become an order of tbat Court and may
■be enforced as a judgment of the
Court against such person for the
amount mentioned in the certificate.
90. - (1.) Where an industry coming within any of the classes for the
time being included in Schedule 1 is
established or commenced after an
assessment has been made, it shall
be the duty of the employer forthwith to notify the 'Board of tho fact,
and to furnish to tbe Board an estimate of ihe probable amount of his
pay-roll for the remainder of the year,
verified by a statutory declaration,
and to pay to the Board a sum equal
to that for which he would have been
liable if his industry had been established or commenced before such assessment was made, or so much
thereof as the Board may deem reasonable.
(2.) The Board shall have Uie like
powers and be entitled to the, like
remedies for enforcing payment of the
sum payable by the employer under
subsection (l) as it possesses or is
entitled to in respect of assessments.
(3.) -For default in complying with
the provisions of subsection (1) the
employer shall incur the liko penalty
as is prbvided with respect to defaults
by section 73.
91. .(1.) Where an employer engages in any of the industries for the
time being in Schedule 1 and has not
been assessed in respect of It, the
Board, if it is of opinion that the industry is to be carried-on only temporarily, may require the' employer
to pay or give security for the payment to the Board of a sum sufficient
to pay the assessment for which the
employer would have been liable if the
Industry had been In existence when
the next preceding assessment, was
(2.) The BoanJ shall have the like
powers and be entitled to the like
remedies for enforcing payment of
any such sum as it possesses or ls
entitled to in respect of assessments.
(3.) An employer who makes default In complying with the provisions of subsection (1) shall incur
a penalty not exceeding two hundred
dollars, and an additional penalty not
exceeding twenty dollars per day for
every day ou which Uie default con-
any of the industries for the time
ng included in Schedule 1 for
which he would be entitled to a lien
under the ''Mechanics' Lien Act," it
shall be the duty of the employer before entering upon the performance
of such work or service to pay or to
give security for the payment to the
Board of any sum which the employer
is liable to contribute to the Accident
Fund, and to procure from the Board
and deliver to the owner as defined
by that Act a certificate stating ihat
such payment has been niadesor security given.
12.) If the employer fails to deliver
to the owner the certificate required
by the provisions of subsection (1)
before entering upon the performance
of the work or service, it shall be the
duty of the owner forthwith to notify
the Board of such default.
(3.) Every* ,employer and every
such owner who makes default in
complying with the provisions of this
section shall incur a penalty not exceeding two hundred dollars, and an
additional penalty - not exceeding
twenty dollars per day for every day
on which the default continues.
self in writing as not having previously suffered from the disease.
(2.) 'Where the compensation is
payable by an employer individually,
it shall be payable by the employer
who last employed the workman during such twelve months in the employment to the nature of which the .disease was due.
(3.) The workman or his dependents, if so required, shall furnish the
employer mentioned in the next preceding subsection with such information .as to the names and addresses
of all the other employers by whom
lie was employed in the employment
to the nature of which the disease
was due during such twelve months
as such workman or his dependents
may possess, and if such information
pensation in respect of a disease to
which this section does not apply if
the disease is the result of an injury
in respect of which he is entitled to
compensation under this Part.
Formation of Associations and
9r>. (a.) The employers in any
of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1 may form themselves -into jm association for accident prevention and may make rules
for that purpose.
(2.) If the Board is of opinion that
an association so formed sufficiently
represents the employers in the industries included in the class, the Hoard
may approve such rules, and when
approved by the Board and by the
Lieutenant-Governor  in Council  thej
is not furnished or is not sufficient! shall be binding on all the employers
Returns of Accidents
93. (1.) livery employer, shall,
within three days after the happening
of an accident to a workman in his
employment by which .the workman is
disabled from earning full wages, notify the Board by registered post of
(a.) Happening of the accident
and nature of it:
(b.)   Time of its occurrence.
(c.) Xame aud address of the workman.
Place where the accident hap-
Xame and address of the physician or surgeon (if any) by whom
the workman was or is attended for
the injury.
(2.) For every contravention of
incur a penalty not exceeding fifty
Industrial Diseases
94. (1.) Where a workman suffers from an industrial disease and is
thereby disabled from earning full
wages at the work at which he was
employed, or his death is caused by
an industrial disease and the disease
is due to the nature of any employment in which he was engaged at
tbe time within twelve months previous to tbe date of his disablement,
whether under one or more employments, the workman or his dependents
shall be entitled to compensation as if
the disease were a personal injury
by accident and the disablement were
the happening of tbe accident, subject to the modifications hereinafter*
92.   (t.)   Tn case an employer engages to perforin a work of service
to enable the employer to take the
proceedings mentioned in subsection
(4), that employer, upon proving that
the disease was not contracted while
the workman was in his employment,
shall not be liable to pay compensation.
(4.)- If that employer alleges that
tho disease was in fact contracted
while the workman was in the employment of some other employer,
he may bring such employer before
the iBoard. and if the allegation ts
proved, that other employer shall be
the employer by whom the compensation shall be paid.,
(o.) If the disease is of such a
nature as to be contracted by a gradual process, any other employers who
dining such twelve months employed
the workman , In the employment to
the nature of which the disease was
was due shall be liable to make to
tlie employer by whom the compensation is payable such contributions
as the Board may determine to be
(6.) The amount of the compensation shall be fixed with reference to
ihe earnings of the workman under
the employer by whom the compensation is payable, and the notice provided for by section 20 shall be given
to the employer who last employed
the workman during such twelve
months in the 'employment to the nature of which the disease was due, and
the notice may be given notwithstanding that the workman has voluntarily
left the employment.
(7.) If the workman at or Immediately before the date of the disablement was employed In any process
mentioned in the second column of
Schedule 3, and the disease contracted Is the disease In the first column
of the -Schedule set opposite to the description of the process, the. disease
shall be deemed to. have been due to
the nature of that employment unless
meuttonedr"uiueas at thp time of en-
in industries included in tiie class.
(3.) Where an association under
authority of its rules appoints an inspector or an expert for the purpose
of accident-prevention, the Board may
pay the whole or any part of the salary or remuneration of such inspector or expert out of the Accident
Fund, or out of that part of it which
is at the credit of any one or more
of the classes as the Board may deem
96. (1.) The employers iu any of
the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1 may appoint a committee of themselves, consisting of
not more than five employers, to
watch over their interests in matters
to which this Part relates.
(2.) Where a claini is for compensation for an injury for which the
employers in any such class would
be liable, if the Board is of the opinion that the committee sufficiently
represents such employers, and the
committee certifies to the Board that
it is satisfied that tlie claim should
lie allowed, the Board may act on
the certificate, and may also Act upon the certificate of the Committee
as to the proper sum to be awarded
for compensation It the workman or'
dependent is satisfied with the sum
named in the certificate,
(3.) The committee may be the medium of communication on the part
of the class with the Board.
Contribution by Employers in
Schedule 2.
97. Employers in Industries for the
time being included in Schedule 2 shall
pay to the 'Board such proportion of
the expenses of the Board In the administration of this Part as the Board
may deem just and determine, and
the sum payable by them shall be
apportioned between such employers
and assessed and levied in like manner as in the case of assessments
for    contributions    to  tho  Aoeidftnr
sessments made under the authority
of this section.
98. This Part shall apply only to
the industries mentioned in Schedules 1 and 2 and to su£h industries
as shall be added to theni under the
authority of this Part and to employments therein.
99. -Subject to section 103, sections 100 to 102 shall apply ony lo
lie industries to which Part I. does
no: apply aid to, the workm**:: e«.-
plo>ed in such industries.
:00. (1.1 Where personal lnj-:rv i.i
cai. fed to ,'i v.'pi It in an by reason of
auy defect, mi the condition or arrangement of the ways, works,' ii,a-
chinery, plant, buildings, or premises
connected with, intended for, or used
in the business of liis employer, or
by reason of the negligence of his
employer or of any person in the service of his employer acting within
the scope of his employment, the
wortoman or, if the injury results in
death, the legal personal representatives of the workman and any person entitled in case of death shall |
have an action against the employer, j
and If the act(on Is brought by
workman he shall be entitled to ro
I Fl
Used "Fruit-actives'* With Tfe«
Best of Results.
cover from the employer the 1.1a mages;
tlie contrary Ib proved.
(8.)   Nothing In this section shall
torlng k'to the employment he  had                  	
wilfully and falsely represented him- affect the right of a workman to com
sustained by the workman by or in
consequence of the injury, and If the
action is brought by the legal personal representatives of the workman
or by or on behalf of persons en-1
titled to damages under the "Families
Compensation Act," tliey shall bo entitled to recover such damages as
tliey are entitled to under that Act.
(2.)    Where the execution of   any
work is being carried into effect under any contract, and the person for i
whom the work is done owns or sup- j
plies  any  ways,    works,    machinery, I
plant, buildings, or premises, and by [
reason of any defect in the condition i
or arrangement of them personal injury  is caused  to    a  workman  employed by the contractor or by any
sub-contractor,  and  the  defect  arose
from the negligence of tlie person for
whom the work or any part of it is
done or of some person In his service
and  acting  within  the  scope  of  liis
employment, the person for whom the
work or that part of  the   work    is
done shall be liable to the action as'
if the  workman had  been  employed
by  him, and  for that  purpose  shall
bo   deemed   to   be  the' employer  of
tlie workman within tlie meaning of
this Act; but any such contractor or
sub-contarctor shall be  liable  to the
action as if this subsection had not
been enacted, but not so that double
damages shall be recoverable for the
same injury.
 UUL_*voU!ing I
oeonoc mckay tne.
Kippkm, Ont,, June 17th. 1915.
"Ihave been using""Frnit-a-tives"
as s family remedy for many years.
They are the best medicine I have
ever tried. "Fruit-a-tives" do me the
most good—-they never gripe and their
action is pleasant.
"I have used theni for Indigestion
and Constipation with the best results,
and I heartily recouiturud them to
anyone similarly afflicted.
These troubles have left me completely and Igive "Fruit-a-tives" full credit
for all this. A nicer pill a man
cannot take." -  ,
The enormous demand for "Fruit-a-
tives" is steadily increasing, due to the
Jact that this wonderful fruit medicine
^ives prompt relief in all cases of
Indigestion, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Rheumatism, Chronic.
Headaches, and Neuralgia, aad all
Kidney and Bladder Troubles.
60c a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
Sold by ail dealers or sent on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
Fund, and tbe provisions of this Part
as to making such assessments
shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to as-
shall affect any right or liability of
tho person for whom the work Is
done and the contractor or sub-con-
tractor as between themselves.
(I.l A workman shall not by rea-
sononly of his continuing in the employment ofthe employer with knowledge of the defect or negligence
which caused his injury be deemed
.to have voluntarily incurred the risk
of injury.
J01. A workman shall hereafter be
deemed not to have undertaken the
risks due to the negligence of his fellow-workmen, and contributory negligence on the part of a workman
shall not hereafter be a bar to recovery by him or by any person entitled to damages under the "Families
Compensation Act" In an aetlon for
ihe recovery of damagpB for an Injury      unutaln-r.il      hy-   nr   ■eflimli-.g Ifea,
death of the workman while in   the
service  of  his  employer 'for   which
tCoittliiuvd un I'agr HIM
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender It appeals io them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
ihe following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U* S*
Wc have looked through your paper with considerable care aniHnfw**     W# mfrtof h>v# thfr *p«ft<+U!?!t7 tc tz
prtm mr nppreriation for the service as rendued so Uu*   Wa wttuld mlm «4) Ut*t ii i* one of the cleanest weeklies that we
havt run across io sont time. \
&tje District £&$&
Published every Thursday evening at iti office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in'advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
:olor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
affairs. If the Conservatives are convinced their
majority would not be too materially decreased,
NOW is the time. If they fear a flop-over, then
the time for an election'will be When it is unavoidable—Next Year!     .
Tf defeat at the polls is a likely contingency and
the effect thereof detrimental to the prestige of
their colleagues at Ottawa, then after the Federal
elections have been accomplished will be the right
time for the Provincial contest.
So far as the,worker is concerned it matters but
little whether Barker Brewster or Bismarck Bowser may have control of affairs, he'll be in the same
position as the negro who said the only difference
between the Democrats and the Republicans was t'he
one skinned you up and the other skinned down,
but whichever was in power you could be sure of
being skinned.
found patronizing unfair or Oriental restaurants,
unfair bars, unfair publications, wearing unfair,
sweatshop clothes and shoes, patronizing unfair
b.-ivber shops and in most other things going contrary to his, professions. The card man is always
'■hollering'' about the little benefits he receives
j'rom the union, yet never does anything to boost
the cause along. 'While the real union men are
thinking and working out plans for betterment,.the
curd man and his associates foregather and "cuss"
the "bunch that runs the organization."
He objects to assessments to extend help to strik
ing brothers, yet is the first to demand' benefits
when a strike is called and the last one to be forced
<-ff the list, providing lie stays loyal to the union.
Many of this class, however, forsake the cause of
labor at the first sign <jf trouble. He objects to
supporting a labor paper for various reasons. Either
the policy of the paper has been decided without
deference to his wishes, its policy is too conservative or too radical, or any other ingenious excuse
his fertile.mind ean conceive. It is because of this
type that our progress is slow.—Wyoming Labor
The fearful convulsion in Kurope has over-shadowed the struggle still being waged in Mexico, and
yot in the land of thcAztec events are transpiring
winch may have remarkabie influence upon the
peoples of other countries.
Latterly we have heard and read considerable
about land rejourns, but we doubt if any of the so-
called civilized countries would undertake the drastic changes already effected in barbarous (?) Mexico in so brief a period as has'been accomplished by
those whose slogan is ''Land and Liberty."
'Phe U. S. Press has furnished its readers with considerable "copy" touching the doings of Huerta.
Madero, Carranza and Villa,|blaming and praising
them alternately, but through it all the majority of
these molders of public opinion has endeavored to
prepare the way for the possibility of an armed
intervention across the Rio Grande.
The. doings of the Governor of Nucvo Leon, Antonio 1. Villareal, have received but scant attention
from the news gatherers in the lT. S.. and yet
that well-known free lance. John Kenneth Turner,
author of "Barbarous Mexico," places tlie following noteworthy acts to the credit of this advanced
lis 1914, after Huerta left Monterey, capital of
Nuevo Leon, there was but 80 pesos left in the treasury, whereupon Villareal levied an emergency tax
of half a million pesos upon a brewery which, upon
the declaration of the owners they could not pay.
the new government took possession, and after six
mouths' operation the half million pesos wero made
in profits and the property restored to the owners.
May 7. 1914.   Peonage was abolished.
May 8, 1014. An agrarian com.niis.sion wns appointed.
.1 une. 23, 1914.   Decree issued .that aU cultivable
"The Right Tq Work"—Meeting at the
Gaiety Theatre—Some Plain Talk
That a workman who, when following liis daily
occupation, meets with an accident adversely affecting his earning capacity ought to receive some financial compensation therefor is now generally accepted in all of the foremost industrially developed
countries. Furthermore, should the injuries prove
fatal, his dependents are regarded as justly entitled
to receive a monetary indemnity as an off-set to t'he
loss sustained.
Kveii many of those who oppose the payment of
compensation don't do so because of the principle
involved, but on account, of the possible effect it
'may have upon their individual pocketJbooks at
some later date.
With a view to the safeguarding of their monetary interests, realizing that as a general rule with
middle age comes an impairment of vision, a decrease in alertness in 'body and a more sluggish mental activity, many big manufacturing firms in Great
Britain considered that man's maximum, usefulness
iu these industries where physical endurance is
essential had been reached at 40 and, fearing the
retention in their employ of men who had passed
this age limit might mean more claims under the
Workmen's Compensation Act, did not display the
slightest compunction when discharging these elements of danger to their real god—Profit.
What became of these unfortunates did not concern the heads of gigantic corporations; they were
not running a philanthropic institution, nor were
they iu business for health, but for what there was
in it. from the € s. d. point of view.
Wc neither condemn nor condone such actions,
but simply point out plain facts, leaving the reader
to make his own deductions.
That between flic age of 40 and the period wh;>n
these discarded workers would be eligible to receive the old iige'pension dole they might succeed
in obtaining the means of keeping thc spark of life
("The Age," -Milbourne)
Several hiia-lrod unem-ployou. together with nr. equal iniaber ot members ot the 3obVi,1*v. l-trty and tradss
union bodies, met in 'Gaiety thentre
ytsterday nftsrnoon to discuss tli3 unemployment .ligation. The causa of
the workers \va3 n,iu laied by the various speakers, .vho demanded that botli
the Federal and Slate Governments
should recognU) l':i> lr'nclple of 'he
right to work." Mr. ft. S. Rons, of
the. Socialist party, presided.
The Chairman lUted that It was ab-
surtl for any govir.'mer.t to declare
its inability to find employment tor
those who needed it. .A Government
that made such n declaration should
'be 'reminded of Its duty to the community. The first principle of the
Labor movement was to focus at ten-
be a market which .Broken 'Hill would
not be able to supply. Why should
not the mines be kept going and the
metal stocks be allowed to accumulate? It was to the advantage of the
capitalists that stocks should be allowed to 'become depleted, so that
when there was a scarcity higher prices would rule, and they would reap
the benefit. That was the idea that
dominated all the time. He was not
going to exonerate the Federal Government from its responsibility simply because the majority happened to be
Labor men. Democracy must be a
live actuality, and judged, not upon
what it said, but upon what It did.
(Hear,- hear.) Jf lt did not achieve
anything then it ought to go down like
Its predecessors.    (Applause.)
IMlss A<lela Pankhurst (Women's
Political Association) seconded the resolution, and said that Parliament
should be impressed with the fact that
women needed food and clothing as
well as men. It was said, that the
woman's place was in her home, but
tion on the unemployment question,    ,        , , ........
and although the present was a period  ± ^1.^1}^ ^^ 0^,1^_
of stress, It was necessary that wages
lands remaining uncultivated by their owners after
July 10 were giibject to provisional confiscation.
The unused lands were parceled out to the pernios
in lots of about nine acres each. The nominal rental is *:i for the uhit'Hgated lands and #6**fur the
irrigated 9 acres, to be paid for AFTF.llharvest.
In the fall of IflH, 1500 peon families were raising
, {■
iTops of their own for the fimt time in t*heir lives.
Under Diaz strikes were settled liy the use of the
machine gun as arbitrator. This was notably the
case at the Orizaba Cotton Mills, when men.-women
and children were mowed down iridiacrimitiatoly.
In November of last year the -Guggenheim smelter
was organized, wages increased 2"> per cent., and
hour* reduced from 12—1"» to 9,
The strike resulting in the improved conditions
mentioned above was brought to n terminntion hy
fioveruor Villareal telling the company that if il did
not consider lhe welfare of the employees the phml
would be taken over and operated for Uio benefit of
1 he employees and Ihe public,
This dangerous revolutionary (!) tackled the un-
♦•luployi'il pmblein by lhe inst Hut ion of needed public work*. aiiioiigKl which wii* lhe building nt road
dimly lighted or fail in the attempt was not a subject deemed of sufficient importance to be given
more than a passing thought. "Their King and
Country" did not need them then, and provided
they were not guilty of any act- that would rctpi'uv
their presence before a guardian of the law. where-
by they might become a charge upon the stale, thoy
were at perfect liberty (!) to die both physically
and mentally so long as they did it gracefully,
quietly and respectably, and not terminate their
miserable existence too abruptly.
If they so far forgot themselves by trying the
water route, or other self-destruction escape, failed
lo accomplish the end sought, and tlieir failure dis-
covered, the majesty of the law hnd its little deiii'in-
Kt nit ion to make on behalf of the Aiwliliahcd rules
of ii society which has but little to offer otic of its
own derelicts, should he keep his miseries out of
sight or not make thom loo glaringly manrfcat.
Today the scone is changed. Munition* of war
nro sorely needed. So many of th««c under 40 havo
gone to tho battlo front tlio atw'U of commodity pod-
illers is sadly depleted.
How i* Ihi* liiiiioiilaldo nIhIc of -affair" lo ho ivuio.
should be kept at the recognized
standard. (Hear.hear.) If the workers
agreed to a reduction of -wages they
would fall back to the times of sweating and exploitation. The Employers'
Federation had suggested that wages
should be reduced, and side by side
with this suggestion they had commercial shadlness, cornering and corruption going on In regard to the sale
of the necessarieB oof the people such
as they had never had before. Everybody knew that the primary necessities of life, were ibeing trafficked ln,
and because of tliat trafficking there
was ample excuse for interference,
not only by the State government, 'but
by the Federal government also. He
would remind Jlr. Fisher that lt was
said from 100 platforms that it was
llie duty of the Labor party to find
work for the unemployed. -He asked
Mr. Fisher what lie was doing to carry out that pledge. It would ibe a fair
thing to demand of the Federal government Unit It should now carry out
its platform as regarded the natlonal-
the community was doing to maintain
the home. She had discovered that
employers were dismissing women
and employing young girls, simply because they were cheaper. (Voice:
Shame.) The Minister of Defence
was responsible for a certain amount
of unemployment. Arrangements
should ibe made to find work for women In making clothes for the soldiers.
They found women In the Town Hall
making clothes for the soldiers for
nothing, while across the road, in her
association's rooms, there was the
sight of women on the verge of starvation clamoring for work, (Shame.)
She did not blame the women for doing the work for nothing, but blamed
the Government for not seeing that
women wanting work got It. The
shirt factories were putting women off
because of this voluntary sewing. The
association gave money to poor women to buy >bread. The money was
taken out of the funds and put into the
pockets of those who exploited the
community. It seemed, that there
was plenty of money for the purpose
of destroying human life, but nothing
for the working maen, (Hear, hear.)
A deputation was to see Mr. Fisher in
the morning and it would tell him that
the Trades Hall would ratber see him
break the constitution than tlfat men's
constitutions should be broken. (Hear,
hear.) They .would also ask the Prime
•Minister to let Sir Alexander Peacock
have £3,000,000 or. £4,000,000 so that
that he might find work. Men should
not have to go before an inquisitorial
committee of women and explain their
positions. A man should not ibe asked how long he hag been married an-d
if he had been virtuous. (Laughter.)
The women's committees were worthless. It was work that men wanted, not
charity.     (Applause.)
Mr. €. 'Bennett, vice-president of the
Trades Hall Council, also supported
the motion. He said the Federal Parliament had power under the constitution to take over any Industry during
a time of war if it was necessary for
the people's welfare.
'Mr. Maynard, a member of the unemployed committee, criticized the State
Government and particularly the Minister of Public Works, Mr. Hagel-tborn,
in connection with Its attitude towards
the unemployment question.
The resolution was agreed to unanimously.
Mr. E. J. Holloway, president of the
Trades Hall Council, moved.
"That this meeting demands that, as
the State and the. Commonwealth* are
overflowing with needed reproductive
works, the Governments. concerned
should co-operate in finding employment during the present acute distress,
such employment to -be paid for at
recognized union rates on a. 48-hour
week basis, since to meet soaring prices by simultaneously reducing wages
must prove disastrous to the workers
and imperil the standard of subsistence of the people generally."
He did not -blame the Federal Ministry as a whole for its inactivity, -but
the Minister for Home Affairs (IMr.
Archibald), who was in a position to
provide work for thousands if he so
desired. If lie would cease his child-
is^ quibbling with Mr. Griffin over the
plans for the Federal capital there
would be no difficulty in finding plenty
of work at Canberra. The Federal
Government was slower than it ought
to ibe. It would have to liven ap.
(Hear, hear,)
Miss Lewis (secretary.. Hotel and
Caterers' Employes' Union) seconded
the resolution. She urged the establishment ot a labor bureau for women,
and denounced the action of the State
Government in bringing out domestics
from Great Britain.
After several other speakers had
expressed their views, tbe resolution
was carried.
On Friday evening the Fire Department had a call to, extinguish a fire
In the grass and brush along the bank
of the Elk River at the; foot ot Prler
Street. This is the first/call the department has had tor several weeks.
Scoutmaster Edward Hooper and
Miss Elsie Ibbertson were united in
marriage on Thursday by Rev, Robertson, at the Anglican church. """"""
oight milo* long and V*t*t foot wide, groat l.v benefit-j died?
ing lh«' former* in the surrounding district in the'    Tho fate of Hie Kmpire is nt stnlec nml incident.
liiiiiNportati.iii of thoir products, and on Doeomher j ally mu'nufaeliiror*' profit* are endangered.   Some
'S.\, 11)14 public ftcliool «'hildivii planted trees along* thing miul he done to save the situation,
thi*' now iMHiloviinl. !    <■ I*"** »ro iiwtrwtttl to go over tlio lf*|» of thow
'Kor motives of public health, morality ami ju*t• di»i"harged because thoy wwe "too old nt forty."
lioo." «Miv.rnor Viilaronl also closed flic pulque fmd out wlioro thoy nro. mtl fervent oommiinioa-
aaltMtt* and iilMilUhctl all Kamliling. lion* l« return to work nml nave Hie Kmpire
Tin- fibiivi'iti'iiiK nr,' tilth' n tow frien nod fnwti tln»; «I Will—-are addressed fo fhorn, iMvaiwo "King
aiti.bs whi.-h Tumor i* writ iim for flic "Appeal l<» and Coiinlry" need thom now.
]»<.,M,„ •• Those losw»n« from tho hook of pmolloal orpori.
Tlm*' u lm »r«- iiiioromto-il in tho laud <pio»ti«m may ..mo. though dearly bought, should 1h« moro offee-
ni.t b. Mirpriftctt to h-ani that at tho Imttom of tho ttve than all tho theoriee mlvuntfil In proving that
troublo   in   Moxii-"   wa*  tho  alienation from Iho .>i-<inomi<- d*elormitii*m *IVlf, not httriotiamH* tho
tiativ.^i.rtholnmU by lWforio Diaxand tho grant- * guiding priuoijrto of  tlnmc 'patriotic   (!)   profit
um of *-«H!«-,.<*Miti., io Uioko who'NiipportPil hU ro- monger*.
meat and sugar. (Hear, hear.)
A Voice: And beer. too. ('Laughter.)
The Chairman: if those things were
nationalised plehty of employment
would be found,'. Let Mr. Fisher nationalise gold production, and then he
would be able to throw out ten tlmeB
more paper money than he had up to
the present time. Never mind about
the Constitution. 'Man was more
than the Constitution. The Referendum questions rould be carried within
a month, and then the Federal government would be able to pursue its policy In regard to nationalisation.
A Voice: It has not the pluck to
carry It out.
The Chairman: There was any amount of criticism for the War Lord, but
what about the food lord? What concerned the people most wis (Ue foe
within. The finding of work should
not he left to philanthropic bodies. It
wns part of the function of the government,     (Applause.)
Mr, J, Curtln, tecretary of the limber Workers' Union, moved:
for"safeguarding" the lives ot human
beings. (Hear, hear.) If the Commonwealth Government could raise
£18,000,000 to throw away on war expenditure why could lt not raise a
similar sum for some reproductive
works, such as the opening up of this
fertile country and on Irrigation?
(Hear, hear.) If the Labor party
failed In Its duty to the people, then
some new party would have to come
forward.     (Applause.)
Mr. L. Cclion, president of the l\ I.,
*.'.., supported th<> motion. He sal 1 tho
federal Parliament wai the reflex ff
ilir people. It could he made what the
|i«i!|ile desired, so tha people nioite
were to blame. If they would not alter the constitution they were to blame
(Hear, hear.) It was not fair to
criticise the Federal Government.
'Many people did hot know what It
had done. It satd to the State Government*, "We are prepared to find
money for public works. .How much
do you want?" If Sir Alexander •!»•«•
icock had asked for  £8,000,000   he
II THE   It A §!?a™1854
Home dank « Canada
Head Office, Toronto James Mason, General Manager
Branches and Connections throughout Oanada
A deposit of One Dollar opens a savings account with the
Home Hank. The account may be added to by deposits of
further large or small amounts and full compound interest
wiH be paid at highest bank rates.
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
That thl. mm meettnic. In afrirm- j *•»«. ,1*ve «°l k- n* s[*1* Uoven>'
I.ik that work for all ls not only so-i"1""* h*d ^,rov<«,e(, *m* whe,,t for the
dally and economically adtrantafeous, r"^BM,r,•
ttiui.-. mnl whiUt wrong* «r«l Mm* -«*»mmiU«| in
♦•flV.hiiK sli«- tv<!iluti<"U. «r«i»l Hilvaii*«»nieii» U !•«••
iiiu in.i<l. t,.«.nil., the i'-«'.ali/jili»ii of Ihi' di«'rtm <»f
tin* |..«.»ii    Titan* y |,it»erl«d"   l*»ml and I.Mwrty,
*.,■*,-, ,.;" *»li.- .'iiJi-rpr^intf iii'W,-p.ip«;'''* fi»v«- *tart«"*I
ii urn *iinir i-ttuipHlimn wlit-it will lli«» war he end-
**,l     W»* think »% ildf »«»|»i«- nl *-*r ha* l»*«<-ii -wont-
but an unalienable right, necessarily
eo-exlstant with « wise and beneficent
democracy. tirx«i It as the duty of
Parliament in the present crisis to
paa Immediately a Right to Work Dill
and calls upon both the Federal and
8tnt« Mouses of Parliament to make
their chief letttslatlva and admlalstra-
tlt« duty the roiling with the problem
nf i.ti,',«iwi<.*tos'iw-ivM,"
He said tlmt unemployment mnn toil
Why should It not provide
also seed wheat in the shape of work
District of Koottnay
Take notlre that WILLIAM SGItAD,
of Bull Itlver. farmer. Intends to apply
tor permission to purchase the follow-
'.ui ik'Jta'.bcti hu&n,
•Comnwnrlng at a post planted al
•V«. .™.i i.Li.m.1 r..,i. w '^is;,,.n„^™K»r°.'i'i1'»,.0;»" "5
trip. He can arrange your niii and steamship booking over
any line you wish to travel cheaply und quickly. Now
trains will go into service in the' near future giving tlie best
iiins will go into service in the near future giving the best
Connections both east and west.
See him about the San Francis-
co World's Fair.
We solicit your RXPRKSS
and FRKIUHT business to all
*J, E. COLE, Agent, Fernie
Box 438 Phone 161
(lovcrnmenial authorities of this coun
try to i*n\ with, tf the fJofffrmnent
li»lM»d«»«l «o rc-M-nnit* thp virtues of a
Inm d«n«w.v il would give th* pen-
pie n tetter soclM system. Neither
th* Voietol nor the Stale Dottremant
*•• doing for thn people of Australia
•lie ihla-f* 11 aliould do,   lHear, bear.)
chains moro or less to the north-west
comer ot Lot III; thence north 10
chains men* or Inti loth* north-wit
comer of Lotmi: thence oast two
chair* morv or less to a point on
west lino of IM 39«0, thenr* south to
•oath vest rorner of Lot tttb; thence
east 10 chains more or lest to a post
of liOt I02TI; thane* south IA chslns
more or lass to tho place of com*
msttfsiaeHt containing 40 acres more
Th«*>y wet* toM ihst lh# FWemi Hot
ernmtmt did not havo control of tho rm-1 or lest
qnislte ntenrU'* of •»ployi»«l      It WILLIAM ftUHAD,
imlntmt in the Rtates, monlclpatllles | Appltcaat.
sntf rsrtons train ead boards.   Thee J   VtAtoory tmb, lei*.
in* Utter saM tlicf tit not tmm tfc*
 ••■•*  k" ' ■■    "   ■'" '     <;""v
it.* ji n*n**l |.i.u. in «»f««it »•(• * .-.laiiuu I«»r r«».i«lrii» i«»  iiik tJirm
Kxamiiie yotinrlf wtHi th* X my »t yonr own
.ihi»<S»i»m'«' ami i1i**'ovi«r for your own wHhfaetloit
tt-Mlier you nr* n reel nnltrn mm nr a *Va«I m*»n."
Thw i* a Mf diffriw* ltrtwirn Ibr two amt,^^   |r lb# UWf ,^^,^1 mM
it 1* in thl* Hint the ativiijrtli or wMtlamsn «»f tlm or |,0 hlv „omHMn« that ess nol a mylh
itaiiixed lelmr eiovvtncnt Him.    If ywi err ow» «f hi*|tt wo«M nm Um constitution*! ob-
kind that h nmslenliy Miliii* "irawen mm-m-\^f **«• *«■*•*■(£ lw!^l
Mf* of wost mliht on enie.    mtotp
•orbing waa in itm omow totM t»<ie«eg we *n**«* eftene.
I'm ia t»rutiuk>it* ■m*»p*H»i»#i« wmeant t »U«ie-*« wuuiw.
and peaoefui security aa welt.
With « policy In our oM Uno
company, you can go ott on your
vacation or visit the onds of tbo
earth and you know you're se-
cure.  Tha beet In
Is always cheaps*, ton sopcoi-
slly to when It doesn't coot
higher. Pont d«Uiy about thet
ranowal or about that eatra Insurance you want but como right
In at once snd bave tt attended
0   AJa%0    Mt%,£9bbm9 JL JW JE* 1&
gmmp «Mir«»ni.
*      .■ i     *
-«. 4  ■■"■
TO BK SOU) CIIH.VP-A number of
L. h. Mills, Mintfer
v.tt,.ti7i ,* iL.,.  mt**'*, tht* ihmi**- **i\",*i*tttt* n'M tt^H-it   t.t ih*-
hnU i**r a ww* t«*iifititrv.    Thfiv« i*r*»» *» many widely
vour omniAontr. yon or* a fair otpvimmtt i tMint*at»g xb* tmmrmn ot tie tee-i.*-— ~~-- ——~—-    ...—— .j
If v«„ ar. amont thm* who fiv, mnmhn «••■!»-»* - •** .—*.». ^M1*^ ™ !2 "EL £•££I
ff*Mti f hunt!   flic   ■**  1
i»nd tfiv- .
nny .i»tt"
,.,  .-b,ti»i<*<
;. i:**tl tmm*-     TM* o»nl4 bm rslwd
«» •■       '"    "'" " ; xt itm tfteiimwiit arooto pt mro nm to
»h.. |.iin«r! u, hn\* irnnh- mt**rmnli**it >*t nther -rotl*. F«« ^rteinly mtimt «laim t» I*ift*m*a\*tbe«m If ib#Oo««eeaNit
i. « ib.*t %** »»r«. ..min...k nt Ihi* tni-t, * thrr than a i«ar*l men. If, iosles.l of ftlayinff th«»|f*ovM*4 man «iih toots aai «wH^
•....in t.niU'tminmm .trrfiirhl lip wiftunil w»"' lilc** »iw Ibat really wenla i« »w,*«l»K*i!!^.^.!,^J[?rllJ^J^..l||?2>
■: -A IV,IS
»t   tin*   *ni*'i*Xi*r
(imt wntor     If nm imtt orer two million ni rmli nmebltim **t* nt Mn em ombmo.f
***,'**..*, ,u»*u. a.».»^t *** i.tu**' Ui%f ii.u.iMi»U-..H Altu,   Hit Lite uUifuiui. jw Ic ciiiUil, uf ,
»♦!* ronl meb. in tli* American F#«l#mtMim «f Im-:***** ** <*• »»*Wo*rji tm asaUag rs-|
,.., ...       ,   . *wfff*!+ ptmbttm tmt si»#«B'f*«fa»#»t f
\«* Atmt » vest AitttttPi* wtmU hr tmitnl *^ ^^ m mf1tm 1rm, ^ ^wo '
Tbm tmim Mitt *M<ia {tie oWigatitvcii nornd: t&«>' m*nm*m ibnm at* ■»• mnttm tm ie#
very heavy aork
Hot r»6t. Pprnle,
,„„h..l: That thtm w,H H fHn^. yim att hy tbr weyahlc on* lem th, ^l^^l^gX^
t*t orpnnimiim In ntbern, yon nr*\*nrr\ men nt iM-vir ^ rM.-f itci* air fit" nnvn'tit
t**1t1*h"%'tt*1t   *»f  ibi*   ft    I'.
i itttiU iM-fi.r.- th**. -t-ml **t |!*lti.     W*»
-a.9.,      .   ,    ,!■.    .,,.,,i ,-* *        ...   >*|,...!.»...,   -wU.- it,    **
riau.r >■-i'*. ,•**■•* Sun* t-tpMl tf-att uith tbet *>t any-
\#*l,    ,9i        ,. 1   (i  Jut'   lifH-1,       Xl)Mi   *1J * IrfV-t tli'H   Wilii  I**'
-.etU'd j,u*t <*t *****>* *'-* it »* ••!«**■ m**t t»*» let moot jk*tv*tt»
I'tt'iin i.
I'lAtf-]+.1 *M#fniiw»1*1 "*ftl mtn "tint* l! witl MW**tw*f
Iff eHW WomaU
Pitt' 'jnpti imi*:* *tmw '»'**Si
•AliH-fS »«« N*«wtb48a»t of Bor-
mli.    Applj, Haa JS. Frsnlt, Alts.
mn 9MM or RBNT- I
e 1*1*1***1 fow*. trnntt mlfltttr* '
I Cova. la calf- I
3 Calrci, s
1 ma. tuoymtPlA. 1
2 ll«r*M I
i# Atom ot Ian* eB timm*. > I
Ki*t*T m J. n flavlhlaoa, mui, H.e.
r. o. Aon If. \
Un.%. Jennlnn. Prop.
*   Mtnu a Ia Cartt
Special Rete Boero end Room by the week or month
ffnraanas oo** laaa lllii
pimtPi ^vpnPM • ^mtpm ^^^w^m ^-^m^^^
OPt. A opAAPAt
Atttrkiu flaa talei
il.W ft tpAttit
i 4i
& <>■*-<&■■©•<$►
of The  District Camps
The scliool reopened on iMonday..
The children were surprised to see
the change in the interior.
The Sunday School workers in con-
nection with the Methodist Church
.gathered together on Friday evening
to bid farewell and God-speed to Miss
■Mary H. Knowles, prior to her departure for the Old Country. A nice
.social evening was spent, during which
.Mr. Thomas Reid, the superintendent
•of the school, presented 'Miss Knowles
with a beautiful 'brooch subscribed for
by the young people of the school.
Appreciative remarks were made by
Rev. Jas. Stoodley, to which iMlss
Knowles suitably responded. Songs,
etc., constituted a night that will long
remain in tbe memory of the recipient
Miss Knowles left the camp on Monday morning by the 7,45 train. We
wish her a,successful and pleasant
The Coal Creek Football €lub committee arranged a smoking concert on
Saturday evening last, which maintained the efficiency of the iCoal Creek
boys in putting up a good time. IThe
newly electee president of the Club,
J. Worthin«ton, occupied the chair in
his usual breezy style. The program
arranged under his supervision was of
the usual high standard, England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales (and Wlgan)
being represented. During the evening the chairman took,the opportunity
of presenting Wm. McFegan with a
cheque for $100 as a token of appreciation for services rendered during
liis presence amongst us. iBllly suitably responded. Thanks to the committee In charge, and the Fernie-Fort
Steele Brewing Co. for their assistance
.. with the "wetness," brought an enjoyable evening to a close. Charles
Percy officiated at the piano.
The football season will be commenced In this district by a game
between Fernie and Coal Creek to be
played. at Fernie on Saturday, the
17th. Kick-off at 6 o'clock. Admission
23 cents. Come In crowds, and give
the boys a start.
George Smith represented the Coal
Creek .Football Club at the League
meeting held in Fernie on Saturday
last. w
Great mtereat_la_dlsnla*EBiLJu: Uie.
members of the Ambulance Class up
here. Look to yonr laurels, ye other
Jimmy Harrison arrived back In
camp last week-end from Brazeau.
Pleased to see you looking so well,
Owing to something going wrong
with the locomotive on Tuesday nftornoon the dally 3.45 train from here
wns delayed an hour. Another engine
had to te sent up from Fertile to
convey the passengers.
A special train was requisitioned on
Saturday last to carry 'Paul Marrow
to Fernie, suffering from injuries received in 1 Bast Mino, while follow
ing his employment. Hospital reports,
"Making satisfactory progress."
From, infonmation received we are
pleased to report that 'Mrs. Stoodley
is feeling greatly benefited iby the violet ray treatment she is receiving at
Vancouver. We hope for a speedy recovery.
We would particularly draw the attention of all local "Moose", and
tbeir friends to the social to be held
in the K. of P. hall on 'Monday evening next. In order to give the -Coal
Creek people a chance the social will
commence at 6.45 p.m. Good entertainment and good eats.
A hearty Invitation is given to all
lovers, of debate to attend the iMetho-
dlst church on Wednesday evening for
Biblical discussion. Paper for Wednesday by Miss Joyce. Solos, etc., during
the evening. Mr. Thomas Luxmore In
charge of class.
The local Liberals are getting into
line for the forthcoming contest, 'Particulars will be announced later.
The many friends of Mr. and Mrs.
Wm. (McFegan (Billy) assembled at
the Coal Creek depot on Monday
imorning to give a parting handshake
prior to their departure for the Old
Country. We wish them a safe voyage.
We desire to congratulate Joe
Worthington on his acquiring the responsibilities or pitboss, having taken the position as pitboss at B, North
.mine. We wish him success and prosperity.
The advent of the springlike weather has made our local horticulturists
very busy. We expect to retain the
title of the Garden City of the West,
Dr. Workman arrived back in camp
on Monday evening. He reports feeling
much better after his treatment. We
hope for a permanent cure, Doc.
The stork visited Morrissey cottages
on Friday last, leaving a daughter at
the home of Mr. and Mrs. George
Smith. Pleased to report all well.
Keep smiling, George!
The -miners were idle on Saturday
last; also Wednesday of this week,
Quite a large number or residents
took advantage of the special train
(kindly furnished by the company) to
attend the funeral of the late Wm.
Mitchell, who passed away in Fernie
hospital after an illness extending over
four months. The service was held in
the Ferule Methodist church by the
Uev. Jas. Stoodley, of Coal Creek, as-
service was carried out by officials
of the U.M. W.„ of A.
Mrs, -Mitchell and family desire to
thank tbe residents and friends for
the many expressions of sympathy
shown during their recent bereavement; also the company for train
.Methodist Church-Sunday, 2.30 p.
in., Sunday school and Bible class; 7
o'clock.   Prayer  Meeting;   7.30   p.m.,
The mines were idle Friday and Saturday and some residents took advantage of the occasion to fix fences
and gardens. '
Dan Howcrott bougnt a nice house
and lot from'Mr. E. Butler in Peaceful
A. Hood Is building a store and ice
cream parlor on the Hood addition
and expects to open up shortly.
Several outside people are competing for the store lately used by the
Co-Operative Society. It is a good
stand and a good live business man
would do well.
A lecture was delivered In the Union
Hall on Sunday night to a fairly good
company, on Prohibition. The lecturer
was well received and attentively listened to.
Pitboss Richards shipped his old
Hosmer residence here and ls having
it rebuilt.
Mr. Brown and family left for the
U. S. A. on Saturday night.
Mrs. I-I. Hunter left for Scotland
on Sunday nigHt on a long visit to her
parents and those of her late husband.
We wish her a good and safe voyage.
to fish in the Old Man River and
lakes from lst April, I say say that
the matter: has been carefully inquired into. The fish in this district are of the sporting variuiies
and their numbers are not sufficient
to warrant further fishing than that
contemplated by the regulations.
While the department would be exceedingly glad to do anything it feasibly could to moderate the difficulty of those out. of work obtaining a
livelihood,, you will realize that it
would be eminently against the public interest to allow such an amount
of fishing in any one year as would
result ln the depletion of the fisheries in the future.—I am, gentlemen,
your obedient servant, G. J. Des-
barats, Deputy .Minister of the Naval
All those Itching to make acquaintance with the finny tribe would do
well to study the above letter; it may
save them lots of trouble and money.
i.i Imve ibe employ of the firm were
ai liberty to do so forthwith and would
be immediately paid off at* the office.
However, it is not necessary to go
outside of Canada or Toronto to find
a similar state of affairs existing, for
more than one or two firms in the
eity have been patriotic enough to
cut wages by as much as 2u per cent
and lengthen hours at the same time,
so that wherever a man may be the
spirit of capitalism finds development along identical lines. It is
ever ready to take any opportunity
tlint presents itself to pay the worker
a lower scale for his services und
make his toil more intense and arduous.
Tlie unorganized workers are always
the first to suffer, and they are invariably called upon to pay dearly for
their lack of foresight in not joining
the unions ot their craft. In these
days, and there Is no getting away
from the fact, If a man persists ln
being a non-unionist he must be prepared to pay the price—and It comes
high,—Industrial Banner.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—
Mine worked three and a half days
last week, having to quit at noon on
Saturday owing to a runaway on the
A certain company official here
brought n policeman from Canmore
to recover a horse's blanket, supposed
to have been stolen from the barn.
After a thorough search through the
belongings of the boarders at the
boarding house, the policeman visited
the barn and found the blanket underneath same hay. They were surely
jumping to conclusions when so little
time was lost before the search was
made in the boarding house, and we
didn't hear about any search being
made in any of the officials' quarters.
Pulling off stunts like this is enough
to make honest men turn thieves.
Tbe afternoon shift has been laid
off here and only morning shift going.
There has been no work lii the mine
here since last 'writing, and not much
chance of any ih the near future, The
life of this camp seems to hang on the
crop prospects of the coming season.
The Town Council is having their
own troubles these days finding work
for people who are practically up
against starvation. Numbers are applying for.work every day, apd the
town has no money to furnish employment. Quite a number of men have
gone to work on farms for the season.
lt has practically been decided to
hold a children's picnic on May lst
either at the river or on the fair
grounds in town. This custom was
inaugurated last year, when a sum. of
money was voted from the checkweigh
fund, and the children were furnished
everything free of charsc. The money
this year will be the surplus of the
ditch contract handled by a committee
of the Local last summer.
Mr. Howard, manager of the Canada
West, is in Minneapolis attending a
meeting of the directors of the company.
The regular meeting of Local 102
takes place ou Sunday. All members
please _takc  notice and  be  governed
Representative of Railway Employees
Gives  Evidence  Before Commission  on   Industries
Referring to unionism that is
much talked of around this town, you
will notice by the following how one
union man helps another. Here 1 am,
renting a pocket billiard and billiard
room from the Union, and when I go
into the other places in town similar
to the one I am renting, what do 1
find? Why, most of the Union officials
playing billiards and paying one cent
per minute, while my charge iB one-
half cent per minute, which has been
the price ever since It has been a club,
Now, if ail the bqys had to follow
their example, goodness knows where
it would be, as I am scarcely making
a living now, and before taking over
the place 1 was always a member of
the Local Union. And when 1 took It
over I fully expected 1 would get a
fair patronage from both officials and
men; but nothing doing as far as officials are concerned,
Trusting you will find a little space
for this short letter.   I am yours,
District Inspector Richards visited
the mine last week and reported
things good.
Service;  subject, Shipwreck of Paul,
llev. J. Stoodley.
Presbyterian Church ~ Sunday, 2.80
p.m., Sunday school; 7,30 p.m., Oospel
Service; subject, Of What Uso Are
We? Solo will be rendered. Everybody welchme. Walter Joyce, Preacher.
All mineworkers are requested to STAY AWAY FROM
BELLEVUE, Alta.. as there Is
not near enough work for
those already there. The men
In'this camp have been practically Idle for the last five
months and thero are no immediate prospects of improvement, despite the "newspaper
prosperity" that threatens
us every day.   STAY AWAY!
■Chicago, April 8.—-A. O. Wharton,
president of the railway employees'
department of the. American Federation of Labor, resumed his testimony,
before the United States Commission
on Industrial Relations today. Answering testimony of President Markhani,
of the Illinois Central Railroad, given
yesterday, the witness said organization of all crafts on a system was
found necessary because Isolated unions were una'ble tomake progress,
the railroads, he said, playing off one
craft against another.
ile discussed the so called "detective agencies," wliich he said 'provide
armed guards and strikebreakers to
big industrial companies, send   spies
among the union men and in every
way possible attempt to defeat the objects of unionism.
Touching efficiency  systems based
on the payment of bonuses, the witnesses cited the shop methods on the
Chicago & Eastern  Illinois.
"This   system." said Mr,   Wharton,
Captain Davis, of Cranbrook, who Is
an officer of the 107th East Kootenay
L. I. Regiment, but who has for some
time been holding a captain's commission in the 88th Regiment at Victoria,
has been appointed recruiting officer
for the Kootenay Overseas Contingent,
and will return to, Cranbrook to take
up his duties in that capacity about
the first, week in May.
> Sunday, April 18.—11 a.m., "Prophecy and Its Fulfilment'; 7.30 p.m., "God
in the War"; 2.30 p.m., Sunday school.
Monday, 7.45 p.-m., Thoughtful Workers' meeting. Wednesday, 7.30 p.m.,
Prayer meeting. Thursday, S pm..
Choir  practice.
Violin solo Sunday morning's service
—"Trauhierel Reverie" (R. Schuman).
Violin solo evening service—"Home,
Sweet Home," fantasia (H. Farmer).
All are cordially invited. W. ...I. Mac-
Quarrle, B.A., minister.
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. (McNicholas,
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at $ p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble   Grand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
****** ****i^i*s*****^^wPn*tlf^i***^^^^\
Meet at Aiello's Hall seo-
ond and third Mondays Is
each month.
John !-... Woods, Secretary.
Fernte, Box 657.
Meet every rues-day * * 7 JO
p.m. in tbelr own HaU. Vie-
torla Avenue.
C. C, J. Combe.
K. ol S„ D. J. Black.
M. or F„ Jas. Maddison.
Meets  every    Monday   at
7:30 p.nj., In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, J. Sweeney,
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224. meets in the K. P. Hall
secoi i ami fourth Friday of
tach month at 8 p. m.
MS. 1. RROOKS. W. .41.
.Miss Flora iMcUuire, Sec.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
thir' Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
H. cmOHTO.V. W. M.
j. SKILLIN'G. Rec. Sec.
Why Tradei Organizations Are Necea
sary for the Protection of
the Worker*
"makes uo provision for collective bar- \
gaining, and tlie basic rate is made <
so low that a living wage depends
upon the ability of the craftsman to
earn bonuses, (Thus those who fall
below the standard of peacemakers
are not wanted by the companies, ln
Fernie Beer
From an Immaculate Brewery
/TT Our Buildings are of
^11   solid brick and reinforced
concrete, and dust, dirt and
germs are conspicuous by their
absence. Every room is cleaned
and scrubbed at least once a
day and the vats and machines
are kept as clean as the pots and
pans in mother's kitchen. Home
cleanliness is maintained in
every corner of our plant.
A challenge match at bowling and
billiards between teams, repreiontlug
the Knights of Pythias and Graham's
Pool Rooms, took place In the pool
rooms on Wednesday evening. The
conditions of the match were three
games each player at 10 pins, and 100
Recent happenings !n both Can
und the United States must necessarily ton convincing »o even the mo-xi
skeptical that the existence of trades
organizations are Imperatively necessary for the protsmUn (•'. the waste-
earning class inthe Held of industry.
Where organisation Is lacking, i-r
where It is weak and inadequate :o
cope with an emergency, employers a*
a rule are ever ready to take advantage of the opportunity the .weakiidds
of their employes affords to force a
lower scale of wages nnd longer
hours of labor upon them. This truth
bas been unmistakably driven home
during the present business depression
in a manner that even the moit dense
can no longer ignore.
Tlm organised crafti*, even though
trade hits been stuck and many of
their members unemployed, have been
|u most cases enabled to maintain
the conditions they had previously
won, but on every hand the unorganized workers have had their wages
reduced and their hours of labor Increased without additional remuneration.
This fact 1* amply Illustrated by an
places we find that men over 40 years
ada  «f age are not wanted."
Scientific Bargaining
.Mr. Wharton quoted an expert workman on "scientific .management."
"..Management," said the witness,
"which does not tejjd to Increase the
efficiency of the wonlimun. lengthen
his period "of usefulness and Improve
his social position. Is not scientific."
Mr, Wharton said that in one big
shop with an efficiency system, if a
lathe, expected to require repairs lu
two years, is intact at tho end of ttmt
porlod, the mechanic Is accused of not
having used It to Its full efficiency.
"Men and .machinery alike are used
to capacity anil both are thrown on j
the scrap heap when their productive-
Ity falls below ii set maximum," said
Mr. Wliui'ton. "When tho great phil-
o-sophcr, -Herbert Spencer, made l>i»*
last visit to the I'nited States and observed the tensity of labor among tlm
workmen lie said tliat the time to
tench the gospel of relaxation had nr-
lived."-The World,
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Oate -• Every
Excellent Cuisine.
In the  Pa»s.~
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
up at billiards, totals to count.  	
game* were contested In friendly rival- j occ*u'rrene„ whk.u recently happened In
ry and evoked much enthusiasm '««»> | onr, 0f t|)t, hi* lumber plants nitpnifeit
ilie paiiUmm ol both lesm*. Tlm K,Ly U|p |ohn ,( Ro|M,r company, \n
f'.s easily won the 10 pin*, totalling! N>w Hor|)   S(,   wb|d) reTOlU,y ,.,u
3I..I to 2S."S, while thc pool room team
won Ihe billiard games, totalling 873 to1
mX The learns are likely to meet
again soon,
Wm. nogers has severed his connection with ihe Western Canadian Cooperative Trading Co,, where he hss
been acting as manager, for the past
year, The dtrwtor* have appointed
Alex Kaston to tht position, and ht as-
siiRteit Ills *«tle* on Thnrstlay lant,
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret and at bottom prlcea.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All order! given
prompt attention.
If you ar« sstislied, ttll others.   If net satisfied, ttll Ht.
the wages nf Its employes, wiw
were receiving the princely salary or
|1.2.*i per day. H> per cent, bringing
the rate down to $1,12 1-2 per d.«,v,
and, bolng unorganised, a* the limn-
ugeinciit wen- well aware, the -employe* were not In n position U» pm
up 1111 effeetlvt- protest,
Sow the company hss gone further
laiiil Juircaneil tho length of I tie uoik
.     t  ,      ,M   .Ida) irom tm i« eleven hours. The re-
Con, Belt* met with a bad accident A^ W#B<1 uf „ l3 ,,, „ mBlllt*ined,
whilo at worlt In Hie Mrflllllvrsv Ml«.](|(| „,,„„„,.»,,„„„ Werner Wing imt
en on flstnrtlay nvanlni.     While at-1 |<j( |fco (X|r( s i)l|r (>, ,oii
leading  lo Ihe  hoist, hi* hand  got,    Mowom< ,h». intimation was given
Be Good to Yourself.
Ask For
AA*wmm ,i aiii,iiiiaiiMJMJiiPuwiuPJMJU[i
caught in ths tearing, completely tev
erlug U»re# of UU linger* itetor** be
Ins eatrkat-fd.      II*  on* conveyed!
Ivovtve nml uil-endf <J 10 V»y ib* Connolly. 1
4 (-t'-t-nr** *ra* lieM 1* 1-he  *h^*»*»*nn>««'
I of lh* Csttiolt* Itehiwl wn W*dn*sdsv *
evening, ami white noi mill* so well*
attended  **  previous on*,  was Inj
••ui>  *■*> ).ui as sutT-MMi'ul,     Tie i
Italian Orchestra was In attendance.}
tt*vrn-~AitH1  "ib.  to  Mr.  nn-4   Mr* '
Vletw Hot*, a d»«ft»it*r. I
Jee Grsrton ani A K Knowlt* have
rnmmeneed the erection of a building
atong»ide ihe r.P,R. depot     Tho In-!
tend oi"iiU«t It a* a loiter rink snl
pool room In the near fnlor*
Xiy ttilWul'.-* U'lUv 'Ha* i*"*.*',**>\ if*
Mayor Morrtson In answer io a petl-
.Mil   f«!4t4«*.>ki,tM,   X***r   ll»i|.ll*   *«*««■■»<»||   Wt I
opened «n April I si of tills ?*sr.
0(rtrtleJ****,-»-Wlt!t    irttmu*    ia
yonr coinmiiri!',»ttaB af the ttth of
■PefcroafT, p«*yi«* that psnniu   t>*
to the emplOM"' that sny wim «li»»'n(l
Have you
U natal broathlng
impuit miii ik»«»
woar throat got
hmky or eloggodr
tbst thew ... .* ^   _
SmIEi and tnpm nn M-
fitting smf imh"tt.
The I07ih Regimental tlugle Hand
appeared In public on Saturday evening, rendering the martial Mrs very
tacepUilily. j'
Mother*" meeting In Knox Cliurrtij
next Wednesday Hfternoon, April «l*t*,|
nt a.iiit p.m., when llicr* will be He*
nionstrtitions In Ulsrult milking tint! j
different ways of looking eggs, alio
ti (iliort talk on Hie value of beautify-1
lnu back ynrd*. Free distribution of i
flower seetln,
*"""        —»••*—""— 1
The Waterworks Superintendent ami
staff im- busy going sroiind Inspecting *
waterworks flttlrign In view of the cer!
nu-. siitiuiiuii Unit h»» arisen owing .to
ilte water from Fairy' Creok msln not
filUng I"'- I»*«»•■' rrtmt * *>*:, "•*«■*-
unite for which the City Knalm-er
eonslder* Is defeetke fitting*, heme
the above Innpeettnn. srni where If^kv
l.iiiu iin' found'In private dwrllliig'1'.
the owner l« given IS hour* ft rep.ilr
same «r have the water turned off, A
I    ■* ■'■r'tr » itr-HAm*
-'" ',< ,1 \   •!., v
1   •.
- -~
Company • "Tht Quality Stars*'
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Everything in Shoes
Hum 10 ■■%*• {ample ol ii** tinxtiti^
Iknertdge. nf the Cily of Fernie. hen
by certify tliat, If I ha»i» *nS.t anysMtia
at any time derogatory .to the r-bir-
neli-ir of Kate Harriett t'Hrkt**, wife nf
William fieorge Clark., ot F*-nil*. H«',
I hereby withdraw name aiid ni*ob*e',t*>
I stsn Vrmnent  In O*'"*    Vt «     <• i'»
iWited nt Fertile. IM*.. th»» ;tb »*r*
*it April, »j»i:..
s. fSlgniHi, \1WJ,&r*i {Vi.ri.'ae
ttltneil In thi» mi-<*i*in-f* «>f Krrie»i M
Sec u» for thp b*st ia
Men's Suits, Shirts & Shoes
Our Spring Shipments of these Goods uro all to hand and
the assortment Is complete with the smartest foods and beet
posstoit values.
We have unloaded thit week .1 Car of Flour and Feed
Purity Flour 98lbs $4.00 nett
Gold Seal 98lbs $3.60 nett
Also   Bran,   Shorts    Crushed Corn,
Cnm and Feed Oats
Phone 25        Blairmore, Alta.
Tho Store That SAVI3 You Monoy Ii
Page SIX
. The same persons who are the loudest in clamoring for the development
of Ohio coal fields and the conservation of Ohio's coal deposits are the
loudest also in their malicious attempts to bridle it.
For 20 years the larger operating
coal companies of Ohio have been
secretly gobbling up the cheap coal
lands of West Virginia, until at the
present time the big companies operating in Eastern Ohio have acquired
twice the coal lands in Wost Virginia in comparison with their Ohio
holdings. The concerns planning and
executing the West Virginia exploit-,
ntion are directly affiliated with and
for the most part completely controlled by the transportation companies.
The plan in operation has been to
make every condition favorable to the
i mining and developing of the cheap
.coal land3 of West Virginia, even to
the extent of reducing freight rates beyond the wildest expectancy of freight
traffic.'bureaus operated in connection
with commercial clubs, All of which
has worked continuously to the detriment of the coal industry In Ohio.
'For muny years all coal mined in
■■■.West Virginia, has been under the
■mine-run system. In 1887 the coal
production of Ohio was over twice that
of West Virginia. Ten years later
West Virginia exceeded Ohio in coal
production to the tune of 2,000,000
tons. Since 1897 West Virginia has
steadily outdistanced Ohio, to the
extent ;iiiat in 1903 the production of
West Virginia doubled that of Ohio.
Another amazing feature of West Virginia's coal production is the fact
that the greatest increase resulted
under the operation of the mine-run
system to which Ohio operators have
so seriously objected.
Ohio coal is nearer the chief manufacturing and lake port markets and
can be mined in every instance as
cheaply as West Virginia coal.
The Ohio mine-run law Which is now
being attacked by the big interests as
being directly responsible for the stand
still condition of the Ohio coal industry, did not become operative until
April, 11V14. years aCter West Virginia
coal had displaced Ohio coal in Ohio's
home markets.
If it "t possible for West Virginia
coal to displace Ohio coal In the open
market, mined as It was, and is now,
on a mine-run basis, while Ohio operators still enjoyed the unjust adviint-
ern, and Kanawha & Michigan jjvere
brought under the ownership and control. Soon after the, Pennsylvania,
Baltimore & Ohio, Chesapeake jr'-Ohio
and other large systems, under what
was known as the "Trunk Line Syndicate," acquired control of these four
railroads. .*. As an incident to this
monopolization the railroads directly
or indirectly also acquired control of
nearly all the coal companies in the
Hocking district.
The Ohio coal carrying roads became
closely affiliated and connected with
Western Pennsylvania and West Virginia coal carrying roads. Rates were
advanced ihat have since been maintained on Ohio coal. These conditions
have been investigated by the Interstate Commerce Commission and by
the United States and State Courts
and the plans and actions of the railroads have -been condemned and repudiated. Railroads have been order-
the precaution of setting extra or
"catch" props at such places as they
are filling coal from. They will say,
"There Isn't room yet; we are not
such and such a distance (the specified distance) away yet," when often
the place really requires propping,!
Catch props ought also to be set at
every loose end or corner. The neglect of safety and extra props is
often caused by an imperfect understanding of the reasons for systematic
timbering. If a certain number of
props have to be set in a certain
space, the workmen think that is
quite enough, and that no more are
required. The writer has frequently
seen' places' in a most dangerous condition, and yet e-very prop—nay, more
than-, those required by law—had been-
well;and 'truly set.
Tl(e writer strongly advocates the
use of tapered. props, on the score
both of safety arid of economy. The
conditions most favorable to their use
are.a hard roof and floor, but they
cnn be used to advantage wherever
the roof is only moderate and the
floor is not in a state of soft wet clay.
The idea of tapering props is really
to make, artificially, a weak place in
the prop. In an ordinary prop; like
the mechanic's beam, the centre must
be the weakest place, as it is farthest
froni its supports. --■-■Taper the prop,
and the foot becomes the weakest, but
with this difference in* practice—the
ordinary prop bends and breaks In the
centre,    and    from  that  moment Is
valueless as a support of the  roof.
in and recover none of it. But surely a
face having twice as many props set
in it as another is safer, the conditions
being equal. The writer knows of a
case where the props ou a longwall
face are set touching one another in
the rows. He believes it to -be a fact
that for 60 years no accident of any
kind whatever has occurred from falls
of ground at the face. Yet he understands that the cost of timber "there
would compare very favorably, with
any In the kingdom. .The props in this
case are always withdrawn, and are
set time after time in new situations:
the simple reason being that no great
weight can ever come on a single* prop
on account of the support given by
those in immediate contact with it.
Sufficient use is often not made of
bars in- timbering the face. These
bars may be of various forms. Props
cut in half make very useful bars.
Flat or corrugated iron strips from 1-2
to .5-4 inch thick, 3 or 4 inches wide,
and 4 to 5 feet long, have all ibeen
used with good results. l?oofs of
laminated sandstone, or containing
slips or potholes, are those for which
the use of bars is most useful, as the
bars cross the .lines of breaks, and
prevent loose pieces of stone from
falling out, while yet providing room
for the collier to work and his tub
to pjiss. ; There Is one place In a
working-stall at which bars ought always to be set, and that Is at the gate-
end, particularly at the edge of the
ripping. In the wrtter'sfexperlen9e of
accidents he has been struck by the
liu-mber of times that a fall takes place
at the gate-end. This is the place
where everyone In the stall, is constantly passing; most of the work In
the stall is done or-passes here; it is
the widest part of the place; and yet
how often Is it neglected?        ,
If lhe system ot ttmoering has been
well thought out, a sufficient number
of props used in that system, and the
packing well done, there is no reason
why all, or certainly most of th,e timber should not be recovered and withdrawn from the waste. The, great
secret in doing this Is not to neglect
it. Timber should be withdrawn as
soon as it has ceased to 'be of service
in supporting the place at which men
are working or passing, and it should
not remain a single day longer. There
is far more danger in withdrawing
timber that has stood a long time, and
been neglected, than in drawing that
which is fairly new, and under a comparatively good roof.
Regularity in advancing the face
timber should be accompanied by a
like regularity in removing the back
props and timber.    A useful rule In
Proposed Workmen's
Compensation Act for B. C.
(Cun'Iuueil from I'aire Three 1
the  employer  would  otherwise have
been liable.
102. Contributory negligence on
the part of the workman shall nevertheless be taken into account in assessing the damages in any such action.
103. This Act shall not apply to
farm-laborers or domestic or menial
servants or their employers.
104. The "Workmen's Compensation Act," being chapter 244 'of the
"Revised Statutes of British Columbia. 1911," aud the "Employers' Liability Act," being chapter 74 of the
"Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1911," are hereby repealed.
105, This Part shall take effect on.
from, and after the day named in the
Proclamation mentioned in section 3.
Industries the Employers in which are
Liable to Contribute to the Accident
NEARING   .;: ,
has brought about the present deplorable condition of the Ohio coal
In n statement prepared and   submitted  to the . members of the Ohio
gives at the foot, "burrs" up at the
cud, and, until the tapered part Is no
longer the weakest, the prop will remain set and form a sound support
for the roof.,
Every rpo'f on a longwall face must,
and will, sink sooner or later, and it Ib
useless to attempt to prevent it. Practically, one may say, it begins to sink
as soon as the solid coal Is removed.
The writer has seen props 61-2 feet
long, with an 18-Inch taper, allow the
this respect is to insist that, as soon
as the packs are built, the back timber shall be. drawn In a line with those
Legislature, jointly by the free lance j roof to sink a foot before they broke.
operators and coal miners, it Is clearly
proven that the Ohio railroads, less
thnn 20 years ago, carried coal from
the Hocking Valley district to Toledo
for .10 cents a ton, as against the $1
rate now In effect. The railroads then
competed with each other, and with
the railroads of other states, In making the markets for Ohio coal. These
rates may have been low. but the railroads In seeking to remove the conditions then exiting created u condition
which, If persisted In, will bring about
the ultimate ruin of the Ohio conl industry.'
In 1 SUB the Mllroa w formed what
wns then known as their "Community
of Interests." There were Interrelations between the larger systems and
the smaller coal carrying roads, The
Hocking Valley, and Ohio Central, C.
8. * It,, now tha Zmicsvllle ft West-
Tile result of this Is that during the
whole rwrntlon of holing a web of
coal, removing It, laying the road, and
holing again the same props will remain perfectly sound. No props will
have to lie changed, nnd therefore the
danger of. removing -broken und setting new timber Is avoided. The
writer has known a face 400 yards
long, timbered with tapered props,
where there was not a single broken
prop anywhere. In his own experience
the timber cost of a large colliery has
been reduced hy more than Ml per
cent liy their use, nnd, at the same
time, the roof of the mine was more
xnfely timbered than before,
In many sytems of timbering the
fuco, the props are so arranged as to
lm set too far apart In the rows. There
li no real economy in this, unless lt
be the system to leave all the timber
Made from cream
of tartar, derived
from grapes, the
most delicious and
wholesome of all
fruit acids,
Its supufuiHty it tnwju-Miticwi-Bfll.
Its fame world-wide.
Its use a protection and a guar-
antee agfiintt ulipnw fwd*
If you with to avoid a danger to your food
and decline to buy or ute any baking powder thnt fei rwt pin My dtmlgnnttti tm n trmtm
of tartar powdtr*
one row, left behind the packs. By
so doing the weight is regulated on
the face, aiid the settlement kept at
an even rate; In withdrawing timber
the use of temporary or catch props
to protect the men 1b more often ne-!
ed to sever their connections with the
coal companies, and the joint control
of these roads have been prohibited,
but In the last analysis we rind the
Chesapeake & Ohio, a West Virginia
coal carrying road. In control of the
Hocking Valley, iwid the New YOrk
Central lines In control of the Toledo
& Ohio Central, the Zanesville &
Western, and the Kanawha & 'Michigan.
In fact all of the Ohio coal carrying
roads are operated ln complete harmony with the railroads hi the several
States where the coal producing therein competes with Ohio coal.
The size of tralnloads has vastly Increased in twenty years. Tbe density
of traffic is much greater. The cost of
carrying per ton ls much less. Instead
of Ohio's conl production benefiting
from this greatly Unproved condition
based upon a fair readjustment or
freight rates, what do we find? The
freight rate has practically heen doubled from alt Ohio mines to Ohio markets.
Under the present freight rates
every ton of coal mined In Eastern
Ohio where the shut-down has extended over a 12 months period, Is subject
to a 118 per cent overcharge as com-J
pared with West Virginia coal that
paaata uur thi: **uw t'uui-t* uf tliu It.
& O., Pennsylvania System and tbe
Wheeling & Lake Krle, There Is only one remedy and that I* for the
Ohio Legislature to act. For years!
the Public Utilities Commission hat
played with every proposal to equalise freight rates "on coal. The all-
powerful Interstate Commerce Com-
mlislon has contented Itself with
mere tomlemnuUon. In th* meantime
tha Ohio conl Industry has been steadily going bark.
At present there It pending In the
Ohio Lciglsliture a bill   by   Bonator
Vorhees that seeks to readjust freight |
rates on alt coat shipments on a lust
and aqultable basis.   The Urge ooal
companies tbat arc controlled by tba
railroads are secretly fighting thit
iMiaittutre.     I'nlUJly in Imm of tkt
Mil at* to be found the small ww-fn-i
| tors and th* miners—they alike w-»
cognise tb* chief obstacle.   At last|
tho eltltentblp of Ohio tra beginning
to understand   that   the ipewsMi la-
cressa cost of I ptr cent In the charge
el tiie system ot weighing *oal I* ttm-
mtterttl when compered with ■ Otpor\
mot of ere barge  Ib  the   MOtter   ttt
freight rates—Cleveland Cttlten.
Classl.—Lumbering; logging, river-
driving, rafting, booming; sawmills,
shfngle-mllls, lath-mills; manufacture
of veneer and of excelsior; manufacture of staves, spokes or headings. .
Class 2—Pulp and paper mills.
Class 3—Manufacture of furniture,
interior woodwork, organs, pianos,
piano actions, canoes, small boats, coffins, wicker and rattan ware; upholstering; manufacture of mattresses or
-€lass 4.—Planlng-mllls, sash" and
door factories, manufacture of wooden
and corrugated paper-boxes, cheese-
boxes, mouldings, window and door
screens, window-shades, carpet-sweepers, wooden toys, articles and wares
or baskets.
Class 5,—Mining; reduction of ores
and smelting; preparation of ntetals or
Class 6.—Quarries; sand, shale, clay,
or gravel pits, lime-kilns; manufacture
of bricks, tile, terra-cotta, fire-proof-
Ing, or paving-blocks; manufacture of
cement, asphalt, or.paving material.
Class ".—Manufacture of glass,
glass products, glassware, porcelain,
or pottery.
Class 8.—Iron, steel, or metal foundries; rolling-mills; manufacture of
castings, forgings, heavy engines, loco-
"moTIves; mTcfflneryT "safeil a ncfiorsT
cables, rails, shafting, wires, tubing,
pipes, sheet  metal, boilers, furnaces,
ducts, butter, cheese, condensed minor cream.
Class 22.—Canning or preparation
of fruit, vegetables, fish, or foodstuffs;
pickle-factories and sugar-refineries.
Class 23,-nBakeries; manufacture of
biscuits or confectionery, spices or
Class 24,—.Manufacture of tobacco,
cigars, cigarettes, or tobacco products,
Class 25.—Manufacture of cordage,
ropes, fibre, brooms, or brushes; work
in manila or hemp-
Class 2C.~iFlax-mills; manufacture
of textiles or fabrics, spinning, weaving and knitting manufactories; manufacture of yarn, thread, hoisery, cloth,
blankets, carpets, canvas, bags, shoddy
or felt.     .
Class 27.—'Manufacture of men's or
women's clothing whltewear, shirts,
collurs, corsets, hats, caps, furs or
Class 28.—Power laundries; .dyeing,
cleaning or bleaching.
Class 29.—Printing, photo-engraving,
lithographing, embossing, manufacture
of stationery, paper, cardboard -boxes,
hags, or wall-paper; ami bookbinding.
Class 30.—Heavy teaming or cartage; safe-moving or moving of boilers,
hea-vy machinery, building-stone, and
the like; warehousing, storage.
Class 31.—Stone cutting or dressing;
marble works; manufacture of artificial stone.
Class 32.—Steel building and bridge
construction; Installation of elevators,
fire-escapes, boilers, engines or heavy
machinery. t
■Class 33.—Brick-lay Ing, mason-work,
stone-setting, concrete-work, plastering, nnd manufacture of concrete
iClass 34.—^Structural carpentry.
■Class 35.—Painting, decorating, or
renovating; sheet-metal work and roofing. x
Class 36—-Plumbing, sanitary or
heating engineering, operation of passenger or freight elevators, theatre
stage.* or moving pictures, Including
the operation of passenger or freight
elevators used in connection with an
industry to which this Schedule does
not apply, or in connection with a ware
house or shop or an office or other
building or premises.
Class 37.—Sewer-conatracllon—d-eaa,
stoves, structural steel, iron or metal.
Class !)—Car shops.
Class 10.—-Manufacture of small
castings or forgings, metal wares, Instruments, utensils and articles, hardware, nails, wire goods, screens, bolts,
metal beds, sanitary, water, ggs or
electric fixtures light machines, typewriters, cash registers, addlng-machln-
es, carriage mountings, bicycles, metal
toys, tools, cuttory, instruments, sheet-
nu'tul products, buttons of metal, Ivory
peiirl or horn.
Clasn 11—iMiinufncture of agricultural Implements, thrashing-machines,
tviictloii-eiiglncs, wagons, carriages,
sleighs, vehicles, automobiles, motortrucks, toy wagons, sleighs, or baby-
Class 12-HMunufacture of gold and
silvor ware, plated ware, watches,
wntch-enses, clocks, jewelry, or musical instruments.
Class 13.—Manufacture of chemicals
or explosives, cbrroslve adds or salts,
iinrmoiiln. calcium carbide, gasoline,
petroleum, petroleum products, celluloid, gas, chnrconl. artificial Ice, gunpowder, or ammunition,
Class 14-'.Manufacture ot paint, color, varnish, oil, Japan, turpentine,
printing Ink, printers' rollers, tar, tarred pitch or asphalted paper,
Class 15,—nintiltom, breweries;
manufacture of spirituous or qtalt llq-
or*, alcohol, wine, vinegar, mineral
water, or soda waters.
('lass 10.™ Manufacture of non-hai-
ardous chemicals, drugs, medicines,
dyo», extracts, pharmaceutical or toilet preparations, soaps, candles, per*
fumes, non-corrosive adds or chemical preparations, shoe blacking or
Class IT—Milling; manufacture of
cereals or cattle-footle, warehousing
or handling of grain or operation of
fltts l*-«l^ieklng-h«weet, abattoirs,
manufacture or preparation of meats
or meat products or glue.
t'ltit 19   Tannetl**.
rtstt jft -AUmifsfture of teitfctr
good* and products, belting, saddlery.
tunnest. trunks, vallate, boots, she*!.
pier*, rnnbralls-s, rnjibtr foods, rubber
shoes, mblng tires or boat.
C3stt 3l.-iManufsrture Of dtlry iffO-
excavatlon,  tunnelling,   shaft-sinking,
aud well-digging.
Class 38.—Construction, installation,
or operation of electric-power lines or
appliances and power-transmission
Class 39.—Construction or operation
of telegraph or telephone lines.
Class 40.—Road-making or repair of
roads with machinery.
Class 41.—Cons true tion or operation
of railways, street-railways, Incline
railways and aerial tramways.
Class 42.—Shlp-bullding.
Class 43.—Navigation.
Class 44.—Dredging, subaqueous construction, or pile-driving.
Industries the Employers In which tre
Individually Liable to Pay the
1. The construction or operation of
railways operated by tteam, but not
their construction when constructed
by any person other than 'he company
which owns or operates the railway.
2 lhe construction or op-ir-a-.lo.i of
car shops, machine-shops, steam ti'il
power plants, and other works for the
purposes of any such railway or used
or to be used In connection, with It
when constructed or operated by the
company which owns or operates the
3. The construction or operation
of telephone-lines and works for the
purposes of any such rati way or operated by the company which owns or
operttet the railway.
4. The construction or operation of
telegraph-lines tnd works for the purposes of nny suoh railway or operated
or to be operated In conjunction with
It when constructed or operated hy the
company which owns or operates the
5. Thl construction or operation of
steam-ves-iett tnd worlt In connection
therewith for the purposes of any auch
rsllwejr or operated or to bo operated
In conjunction with It when constructed or operated by the compaay which
owns or operates the rallwty.
I. The operation of the business of
an txprels company which operates on
or In conjunction with toy such nil*
ony, or of sleeping, parlor, or dining
cm, whether operated hy tht railway
company, or hy nn express, stooping,
psrlor, or dining rar cooipeny.
"There are at least four .causes for
the decrease in early marriages," said
Professor Scott Nearing of the University of Pennsylvania,, In a recent
lecture. "First,We have the unwill:
ingness of the thoughtful,' educated
woman to marry unless she can find
a Al man. He is a scarce " article.
-Then, there is the- modern young
man's reluctance to marry a woman
who Is merely a parasite, a sponge
who will not co-operate actively with
him in the marriage relationship.
Thirdly, there is the abominable economic situation, in which the ruling
wage is that needed by the single
worker'rather than by the married
one. And, fourthly, there ls Uie feeling shared by the inconsiderable proportion of young men and women
that marriage is a trap, a prison, from
which, once entered, escape is impossible or possible only after a severe
'^Marriage with the, college women
is not so much a question of chance as
of choice," he declares, "She isn't
obliged to put up with thc first suitor thai comes along, and she won't
do It. She makes as the determining
test: 'Is this the man I want for the
father of my children?' And she's
quite right to set jt up.
"If a girl of 22 can find a man of
25 who has physical health, ability
and compatibility, such an early marriage is ideal. But she had better
wait for tliis man until she te 30 or
35; she had better wait for him forever, rather than make an early marriage with a rotter. She had better
drown herself than do that.
"A young man can no longer soothe
himself with the comfortable axiom
that 'two can live as cheaply as one.'
When he marries he ls more likely to
find that It not merely costs twice as
much for two as for one, but ten
times as much.
"Every woman not engaged with
the care of sunall children," thinks
Dr. Nearing, "should give herself to
some other productive work, for If the
women of today continue to be the
economic burdens to men that they
are now, they will ruin this country
just as Home was ruined by its dissolute women."
However, women are responsible for
only a fraction of the economic ob
Btacles to early marriage.
In one of his first books, "Wages
in the United States," Dr. Nearing
proved that half the adult males in
the United -States are earning less
than $500 a year; that three-quarters
of them are earning less than $600
annuallyr that nine-tenths of them
If you suffer, from'
this painful malady,
apply Zam-Buk. It
is purely herbal,
quickly eases the
dull, gnawing
ihg, ends   the
irritation, and
in   a   short
time   completely and
perm an-
Mrs. C.
"I   suffered
for years with
bleeding piles.
The pain was
often so   bad   I
could hardly walk.
I tried remedy after
remedy, and finally
underwent   an oper
ation, -but 'only   get1
temporary  relief,     At
last I  tried  Zam-Quk
Perseverance   with   this
completely cured me and
there has been no return of
the trouble."
ent 1 y
should be
in every
i tmst sacks ci-urno mats//
^"»-£«W«K uuttii,
**num etntiAur
It has been estimated that a men and
his wife and three children cannot
maintain a normal standard of life
on less than $900 a year. Elementary
arithmetic would seem to show why
there are fewer early marriages, why
there are (ewer marriages at any age,
why there are smaller families.
"Ellen Key Is right when she sayB
that the continuance of marriage, as
well as its beginning, should be based
on love.
"However, Cupid needs a guide in
making a marriage. He has proved
himself a thorough bungler, Eugenics
is the proper assistant for -Cupid, and
will'aid him by bringing together persons truly congenial, hence capable of
an enduring love. Too many men
have married a natty Easter, bonnet
or a cleverly tailored suit.
"Too many women have fallen prey
to football shoulders or a pair of glorious mustachlos. It is no safer to
'follow nature unreservedly' in picking out a mate than in bringing up a
"'There should be a taboo on marrying a man or woman unfit -to be a
parent, just as there is now a taboo
on marrying a person of a different
color. There should be a taboo on
having a' child you can't afford to
•bring up, to whom you can't give a
high scliool education.   In thousands
_^-2 4 m.^bI^&u   .. .*:.. .... ■■■...,,        *..	
the first, ls an economic crime. Race
suicide may simply be an awakened
sense of responsibility. Both men and
women should have Intelligent train--
lug for parenthood, and, husbands, as
woll as wives, Bhould have home duties.-—St, Louis Labor.
Dm family remedy for Ceushi aad
Small bottte,   Best slats 16J0.
*ii«U dose,
Detcriptlon of Dlee«M
Pt ttttar One ttitn,1i*n fwJww w^wii-if r*r tmt
tm namt xo u*u*
p.i. torn *w n m.. tmen, o
■> 4. i- Umm*
n iwrtmtrtf bm*
HoWg ThU?
Imp*x*n lirm^ttmaaawm^ri*,.^ ...^.
tmmSsmm mt t*mmt:*t.._
pm% {Mum cm* o ui
pa^^m^m    ~*\tp^awonmmo^n-^-n &moo t^m
wimi-Vh-s; ,y
Description of Precots.
  Handling of wool, hslr, bristles, bidet,
tnd skins.
. Any process inroltlni Ibe use of lead
ar Ita preparations or
i !
DO you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business ? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
il tamtam
.mo psltentng or Itt sequelae
itnttorg poisoning or lu netynnlm.. Any proewts involving tho wm of toot*
«ory or Its prtpsrtftcM or «m-
rhditph&vu* poiftoniitg ot Us Mquekae Any   procens  intolvinf  tkt  tut  of
pbotpborat or Its* preparations of
Artonfe pettotlnt or ltt*seejooiM.
Any ptotmo kvolvftt tto its of tree-
nlo er ftt prwpsraMont or nm-
If you want really high
c1**« prtnting-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
Z*f District Ledger
Phone 48a   :-:   Pernie, B. C.
We have a fine selection ofV-
And Go-Carts
;at reasonable prices
Wheels Re-
on Shortest
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
A, Macnell
S. Banwell
Barristers,  Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
, .     *•     ■ \
Will Socialism Help
To Overcome Race
Antagonism ?
By   Professor
Jacques Loeb
Addresses Dellvprec ay Prof. Jacques
Loeb of the Rockefeller Institute for
Medical Research and Prof. Frank
Boas of the Department of Anthropology at Columbia University, at
the Socialist Press Club Dinner,
March 22.
B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try n-je_Camhrlrtge R*„:
ages for tomorrow's break,
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 58 Wood 8trtat
Pernie, B. C
We Are Ready to Scratch
»ff you- bill any Item of lumbor not
ound just as we represented.   There
i nu hocus pocus ln
This Lumber Business
Wben you tr&ht spruce ve do not
••ini you hemlock.     When you huy
■rut-class lumber we don't slip in t
ot of calls.   Those wbo buy once from
always come again.     Those who, mora! purposes.
I want to confine myself to the
discussion of one question, namely,
whether racial antagonism is an inherited instinct, or whether it is :in
artificial product brought about by
cconomlo and social conditions. I
believe the latter is the case, nnd I
want to give you some of the reasons
that make me think so.
I have watched the rise of the prejudice against the Japanese in California. As far as 1 am able to judge
from what 1 saw, the following happened: Labor unions there In their
natural desire to get higher wages
iwlth which" 1 fully' sympathize) invented as a means to that end the
exclusion of Asiatics. They did, however, not confine themselves to that.
They were just as eager to keep out
the .whites from the Par Bast. But
they had to do that in a different
way. They did that through the
press by warning white people that
there was no work for them In California. The outcome of this (movement was the foundation of the Asiatic Exclusion League. . In this league
there were active men like 'Mayor
Schmitz, who afterwards, as you know,
wus accused of the worst type of
grafting, and his successor in office,
Mr. (McCarthy, who was closely allied
with Schmitz. These and similar men
were the patriots who saw that California should be preserved for the
CMlifornians. But you know a movement of this Wild will -never take
holt' of the population unless you
make  it clear that  the  people  who
of the white toward the Xegro is purely one of social superciliousness, based, of course, on the assumption on the
part of the whites that the blalcks are
an inferior race.
To illustrate what 1 say that it is
only social superciliousness and not a
case of instinctive antagonism, let me
give the following Illustration: A few
yenrs ago the papers exploited the
trivial fact that a girl from a family
considered socially and financially
prominent In the North had married
her chauffeur. It would not be considered wrong for any of the males
of that family to have relations of an
illegii lunate character with any of the
girls of the class from which the
chauffeur came. But for the chauffeur to dare to marry into a family
of high social standing was almost a
crime. He was not lynched, to be
sure, because you do not lynch white
people, ibut he was ostracized by 'he
family. Now this is exactly, In my
opinion, the real status of the Nsgro
situation in the South. Por the southern gentleman it is a very light offense to have relations of an illegitimate character with a negress. What
the Southerners really object to Is the
upsetting of tho soolal standards; they
have In their hearts no more racial
aversion toward the Negro than tbe
socially prominent families of New
York have toward the whites of a
"lower" social stratum.
Another element enters Into the
manufacture of race antagonism, and
that is perhaps the most serious element. As soon as group antagonism
is once formulated, the romanticists
will step Jn. And these romanticists
occupy a wide range and wield an
enormous power in modern human society. By romanticists I mean Uist
class of people who appeal to the
emotions of the masses without using
rigid tests for the truthfulness cf
their statements, or having a reeling
brother, whether he differs in this or
that, as a rule, insignificant physical
character"—and you will hear from
Dr. 'Boas, and *I hope from Dr. Lowie,
how; slightly these differences are biologically—'"and-we are bound to welcome them all."
But then very naturally the objection is raised that on that basis tbe
country will be overrun by cheap labor. I had a discussion on that subject with a representative of the Labor party iu Australia. The Australian
Commonwealth is founded on the policy of exclusion, I told him they were
running as fast as ihey could into the
situation in which Germany, Russia
and France are today, a situation that
necessitates militarism and hatred of
one nation by another. "Well," he
said, "If we ha.ve not that policy of
When I look at mankind from this
point of view I see, of course, first of
all, individuals. I do not see races.
And the question arises, why is it that
we take the position that the members
of one race have the right to develop,
are given the 'opportunities, while we
look down upon others as not competent, not capable of developing; why
do we not try to give them the opportunities that we give to the members of oui own race?
Here we flatter ourselves with the
doubtful conception that the white
races to which we belong—or, if we
want to be a little more narrow-
minded still, we say the blond   north j quite  a   different  character,
the United States. In Porto Rico and
Brazil we find the freest Intermixture
of the races and a perfect harmony
in general social status of tbe offspring of the races in various directions. While among ourselves--which
is true practically of all the countries
inhabited by Teutonic peoples—we
find a peculiar notion of the absolute
difference of racial type which leads
to this antagonism.
So it would seem when we look at
the antagonisms in every respect, in
every way, there is no biological 'basis
for the feeling of racial antagonism,
but we have to look for reasons of;
European races, to which ■! have not   whicli  we generally call nationalism.
the honor to belong—are the highest
development of mankind, and' in theni
alone lies the whole future of the development of civilization.     We flatter
ourselves   with   the   fancy  that   the
j blond northwest Europeans have de-
j veloped of late years, and during the
i hist  few   centries  reached  the  highest point, mid other races have lagged
behind, and that obviously they must
he  n   higher  kind  of organism,  and
thul owing to this fact we ought to
try   to   develop   tliem. and not    the
Ir. is tho same idea that underlies
ail our thought when we deal with
other peoples, with other races. We
flatter ourselves   with   tlie idea  that
exclusion we shall'be overrun by Asia-i vve ,lave t0 te™*°V onr   own   race,
which Is the highest one, which will
nave not yet mado our acquaintance
i, re taking chances they wouldn't en-
are excluded are not excluded for such! 	
sordi,! motives as economic reasons,!0   responsibility for the truthfui..,-^
bat that they are kept out for higher: "f,wllat they„ ut"r-    ™ tW" S"°yi>
And so the usual \1,elong men llke T™lt»cbke. Duehring
tics. The capitalists will introduce
cheap labor, That will lower the
standard of our white men, our own
men. Why should we sacrifice our
men to help others long?" To this T
should say that if the capitalists want
to abuse the feeling of brotherhood j
of all Socialists regardless of nationality and of race toward bringing in
cheap labor, there is a simple remedy,
and that Is, the minimum wage law.
There is a second preventive, which
I should think would be better still:
compel everybody who Introduces
Hindus, or other poor victims of mis-
government into Australia or America, to ron-ke them work only one-half
day and give them instruction the
other half day until they are all on a
par wJlh American or Australian civil!-
.zatlon. If this ls done there is nq
more danger from theni.
So there are two remedies that can
bo used.
Now, then, a second thing is to be
done and must Oie' done, and that Is
this: why should it be necessary for
Russians, or for Hindus, or for Japanese to wish, to come to other coun-
; tries? Nobody, as a rule, leaves his
I country unless he is compelled to do
lead mankind to the highest state that
it has ever reached.
Unfortunately, in matters of this
kind we are only too liable to mistake our wish for facts. Last summer I happened to be in California,
and when 1 traveled through the
woods in the northern part of the State
1 happened to fall in with a foreman
of n logging camp who told me that
not a single man of his whole gang
was a white man. He regretted very
much that he should have to deal
throughout with people who are not
white people. Naturally I asked lilm
who they were. He said, "They are
Swedes and Norwegians."
I fear this is the point of view we
take too often. We fear anything
that seems strange to us, Now, scientific investigation which has lieen
devoted to this subject—and I believe
my colleague, Prof, .lacques Loeb, will
bear me out on that point—does not
glvo us the least shadow of ground to
maintain that there is any appreciable
statements that are employed ln cases
of this kind were circulated: "Eve»y
and  Houston  Chamberlain    In    Oer-i 80: tho Brians, Hindus, and Italians
, funnier If rnev"hoflgai^thelr_Jjimb-fl^.Ja!mnasjUs-iaMnora
Kipling,  the Chettertont nnd ; vvlsh to come here becaUBe the-v are
! maltreated in their own_cQuntrg-^Hejcfi.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry floods, Groceries, Roots Md
Shoes. Hunts' Furnishings
— Detlert In —•
uumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash tno
Oosrt. SPECIALTIES—Moulding*
Turnings, Braekttt, tnd Detail Work
Opposite 0. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phoot 23.
H7rt!^w^TnW in this "country, too.     If ih-*o jls the Polijt ot attat* f°r the f°rc*
£     L. LLl'timi use their gifts of literary exi.res-i internationalism.   When  the Russl
Our Hiitiplteil with tne imi Wines
liquors and Cigar*
■bank  would ever
Japanese teller.     They only employ,  , ,_ , „   ,   , ,
Chinese for that."     From all I hear!*'™ touafouse the emotlons o( thelr^
this is contrary to the facts.    Japan. r«»™ be ngB agaJn,8t a 80Cjal *">*»>■
the situation soon becomes such that
Um purely economic and social origin
of the group or race antagonism ts
forgotten and that it appears ns If
we were dealing with an Instinctive
„     . ., .   . . ,   , Inherited antagonism.    It must not le
veatlgatlons which have been  made; f0|Wlteil th(jt ,t h|| been |he ro)e
ese banks employ Japanese tellers.      J
When you talk to a Callfornian he
will tell you that not only ls every
Japanese immoral   in   business,   but
that he is also sexually immoral.    In-
Government tortures Its own people,
no mutter of what race—the Russian
peasant Is also tortured by his gov
but which may also be found in certain other social phenomenon, but
which we have to admit have at tbe
same jime a very great and very intensive meaning. All our wishes and
all our desires to show that there
is no logical reason for the existence
of racial antagonism,-do not do away
with the fact that it exists,
And the ijuestion really before us
that ought to be its-Mf considered, is
| whether there is any  way in  which
j the feeling of racial antagonism can
he overcome.      Viifortunately at  the;
i present time  we al! of u= have the
I intense feeling—and I think it is true
I all over the world, not only ln Europe
j at   the   present  time—that,  our  own „
way of feeling, our'owii being is really
the only right way, and that the other
people who don't do as we do are sadly  deficient  in  judgment.      I  think
here again anthropology can teach us
certain  points that are not only Interesting, but suggest also how the relation of the different people may ultimately develop.
When we look back to the worst
type of mankind, we see the Idea prevailing among people thai a member
of a foreign tribe is not only a foreigner, a being that is different from
ourselves, but we find also the idea
that the member of a foreign tribe Is
specifically different from ourselves;
that we have the same idea that we
liave now in regard to races. When*,
for instance, you find an Australian
—perhaps one of the primitive people
—coming in contact with somebody
who does not belong to his tribe, he
attacks him, and his specific nnd distinctive and only reaction is that he
is a stranger who must be killed.
From this point, wliich lies away back
dilference between the races, of Ku-1 in our own consciousness, we have a
rope, at least. It does not matter
whether you take a dark Italian or
a brunette central European, or a
blond north European—anatomically,
physiologically,   they   are   of   equal
value; thcy_^re_^_ei^-Q_^liMnct£riljia_tlni<? g"oa ft."—
middle and regular development in
which we see not only the units extending step by step, but sec also that
the feeling of specific difference of the
different groups becomes less and less
...—..--«»*    vl *-.■**--*-pl-c
Beware of Ointment* for Cattrrh
Tliat Contain Mercury
t* re*: i-."I il!l 'ir !j il* !'j«j tin- mimm *t *a#0
mid .* ni,). lli ill-Mum- I'-f wh.-l1 v/ntfin mwu
him-u.- i: H r nth Ik.- ktiMiaw vtiffiwvK.   tmim
,.,..*   -...>:.   i - \i   i-ndl tM.,'1 iui *nvt.liii
ll.*. tr it, trtiUtM*- i lit»|i l«n->, •* Ik* «bMMn
Oh* «.11 ■!<• I* In, 1 *'.,l In '.-** nan. ttm ***em-
»IM> il.Hr.' IMI it..*.   ll.ll*« X'nXtm V*at».
tu.fu'. -.1- 1 1/ f I, lbt<l A Vi*., fUr-fr. U.,
rnM.Mil*  •» ftwnitrr.   rati I* tak** tatmntir.
arthif •Hmtlj v\*m Hn- m*4 *** *m*m* mar-
t**.<1 lb- irXi*. I* Ml Im ll.ll .liUTt
t-W. »» n,r. fm, art rt» tr-itM*. , M > t*»«*
h«*f»„llr .-Mf mt*. fm T4-K tot*, If 1, I,
4Vi»>  A *'<*.   TftOmmOti* fn-*.
MA 1* PranM*.   Pit,**, We, 1** to^tl**.
TU* l*t»ll'« VteUr i*m tat mmatmmtP.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Boor '
Botfltd Goods a Sptclilty
have yielded a negative result. As a!
matter of fact, on account of the situation which exists in California, the
Japanese today aro very careful to
occupy a higher standard of morality
than the whites, because they are on
their guard not to give the slightest
offense. Notwithstanding this, the allegations of low morality tn every respect of the Japanese are gospel truth
with the majority of the CalUornlans
today. In order to further lower the
standing of these people and arouse
contempt, the CallfornlanK even contemplated passing n law—T don't
know whether It was ever passed—
to make It a folony for Japanese and
whitei to Intermarry.
Xow, hero you liave a -clear case ot
the artificial creation or race prejudice; tt started first ror economic reason •. was supported then by all thoso
nnpiments or InfeMorlty thnt nr* nl-
| ways found useful ^li»n you want to
i itlsrredlt n whole croup.
Let me mate another fact for the
nf romanticists In history to (-rente
mass Insanity; the fervor of the crusaders and tho masses ln the urgent
wnr nre some of tho examples of Insanity created by the romanntlcMs.
fThe situation Is further   rendered
worse by the entrance of the political
self-seekers In to this field.    The i <v
proms in KiihsIu. 1 have been us-jured
I by .Mr. William English Wailing nnd
j.Mr. George Kennan, have   been.. dl-
1 rectly Instigated by the Cssr.     Vou
know what It means lu nny country
when the person with the highest power directly encourages such a irove-
ment.     It swing* the whole mtm ot
filifcials, of srtiatocrats and all tho
other parasites who want to nnsk In
the sun ot royal and aristocratic favor, around  to become  professional
Istlcs. i sent time we have reached the stage
We have even the right to go a good * where we have the feeling that only
deal further. Even the most pains-! the members of one nation belong to-
tnklng Investigation of the nervous'; get her, and that the foreigner ls still
system and of the brains or different; to a certain extent distinct, we may
eminent—wben the Russian Govern- j l5e°l'le- different races, has so far look hack to a time only 200 years
ment exploits Its people and abuses i fa'!prt t0 K,ve a,1>' kind of sustenance' ago when the national units were so
them In this way, lt Is not for the*t0 t,,e idea *',,u we hav* any sort of much smaller, and when the same
American Government to say, "Well, *:natorlal differences in the ability of feeling existed with regard to the out-
we are not concerned with their |n.!rtl"'erpnt races. What we do find is sldcr. At the present time we may
tenia! affairs." Perhaps the Ameri-',,iat the Individuals who compose ono confidently expect that the unit* will
can Government Is not concerned. But!31"' ,,lt! same rnce t^ttor enormously i-citMuntty increase in society and that
lhe human beiugh In America are. Wei81001"1 themselves. We all know we the feeling toward the foreigner will
are compelled out of sympathy and In  ,iavp very st"1,|d children among our-
Kelves and very intelligent ones.    And
self-defense ro see that the maltreatment or the IliisBlai) people by the defective family of Romanorrs and the
equally criminal and hopelessly Idiotic
Itiisslan bureaucracy stops, We have
to see thut the benefit* of education
and decent living nre granted people
In ail countries. If the Socialist party
In u party or justice, It has to be an
International party. Nationalistic Bo-
ciallsm Is Impossible, n contradiction
in terms.
So I thlflk two remedies can be carried tliroutth, iiauit'ly, flrtit, a  mini-
-"lijjigoiilst* or that race against wllch; ,    .   , A1        JfA1      ,   .,
tbe dlsravor of the ruling per^n l*i,,or ««lmprov^N condition* In these
directed. The C»r la n romantlttsi. 11'0""1''*»* "° *1,ttl Mf °a" '• W«"«»
too. romanticist not in Ihe sense ot V™** M* hnmi> for rea»ol!» of »™
Tr»Usehke or Duehring  or   Kipling.
the same is true with all races, There
fore, if we want to be really consistent
nml'develop the Idea which we claim
to maintain, xve should say that wc
ought to develop those children who
have lhe greatest ability lu nil the
i dirrerent races, but not make any par-
J llcular nelectIon between "Various
I The rutlllty of the whole point of
I vin a ui ihe miperlority of races comes
j out, pnrtlciirnly clearly when we
! study tho distributions of Ulf-f-eiviu
\ V'lies In Kurope. Tliu* we tee at the
north French snd
the north Geiunsn
iiixl  the northern  Russian, am) the
mum wage law; second, international
ism. by extending help to the riling j i,TI*«l J"1* l^
people in Russia, help to the people lu j,,,,, '«"«"*»• w*
Jniian, help lo those In India, In or'
t Inn, all racially of the same type,
'e^oiigliig,  however, lo  different »«•
Hoiii'l-tlc*. and clnSniiiig thii earh ef
1 »lie*ii H a reprenentative of n certain
erty or oppression.     Help them  to
make their Home* so ihat they «»n mt' mt ,Mm* •"Partly from °™
silil to lower the standard of wages,!#m.|M.     i  ,t,|„k there Is ha-d'.- a law *mlm '"^"•"•acy,"   The Hnuth-
ilemsniled tmSon wages.     The   labor,rr|mp on ^ rsiepdsr ot wblch tbe -t'rH **l,l,•ml,,,  *'"• l*'rhapf, lake n
unions, howeror. wt ft* -not satisfied Rcmanoffs have net been guilty.        ! ,,l,fcr*nt «««»■*• '<>*«■"•» '»•» *•'* off-
wit b tbls coatwwtiMt; they wanted ex      These In my es.Inlon arw the forem
Pattern In onter io diminish rcfiuwil' j „-hir-h artificially create Ihe so-called
i!on In llie labor marktt ; rs,v\n[ nutagon!«ii.    *A Socialist frem
Today lhe sllmtlon In California Is j Oermany once wild tne when I ex-
such tbat n man who bas dont a good \ prensed myielf In Ibe way in which I
d» til Sn lhe proiecntlon of the grafters nm fKprensltif   tn<*»r»lf   now. "Well,
List of Locals District 18
I Willi I
f tf*H"
Ms- wed P. ■}>. bottom
p iV-t-twftttp-r  •»•••»%*••#   I1»a
.1, iMcfcran. Ilnnaer Creek, *l* ff-aebet.
.Jaan«* ftarfc-t, «•* M, MfcWM, AHa.
. Was. Ardwr, MinMrf, AN*
 .„,,,%',■&..lottlmVoobtmtp. Mm
Carbondil* I. MtuMU*. Car-bmMtal*, Ceiomnn, Alta.
lennon**.  Mk***l Waff-***, feitmei*. AH*
cot-HBan......... <f. iobnpon. Colewaa Mit,
fetWn, A, OaiMtt, CMMn, tt.C.
Chinook Mints  P. Swantton, Chinook Mlnea, Coaroeree, All.
rrtnu „.,.;ii«* .unun. vntno. tt. c
Prank. .». .. .........lt**n Aotpno, Fltfl, AUn.
ilill-rffal.... ,..*.*.....-.'liicit A-UtAt* MWwHt» Altt
5>-.*-lwt»|t**.... •••• ^- IV-kn^W, to* Ik, tM*b'**Mt*, Aits,
ijMbkmm trntttotm.... Jtim fe nmiatfcw. OmBmnI Alt*.
•,*n*i* imt ..,.....".'. •*.. Hom««. y-soaew*, Altt,,
MJcbfl..,-■■* ..-1*..... MMMfil IWMVL JIIIWBi A C
•?x*tsnitt.       t.a.Hnnom.fbmAoptitAO.
T*l.«r....  .......X.. VbaoPAA.XbAot.iAo.
»«^f.,<.-nrT rnniroro...*vint ihttlitr, lt«w|ilow«. OUliMf*, AHA.
rsn for ibe office of a I'nited Rtaten
H* natomhlp on nn nntl Inpineie plat.
j form,    linsglue the absurdity!
'   In this way It bas come atom tbat
.lift    .V    Sf* W    J <.»'.'*    A    p8l*t'i|    t* Jttnittii
| (.toVeni ha* rcal'-ftl In CsHfnrnla In
| tl-* artlftftai rresllon ttt r.*clal an-
jiitorlsm.   I hate seen It it** an.l In
}mj nptntnn ifiere it nn iiitcitluti AkaX
\iA tbitt nl tb* tieelnnlriR It Ind no
!i biological hit!*, bm tbm it nre*r por*'
yen can't get around   the   fart   thai
ilie t-UiciiillNt laborers nlwi have racl-sl
<ttit«soul»ma. They would nol lik-e to
work wilh a blsrk person,   They bave
. mi- dfiin« «#,nii>it itw Jews lusl as
imHi'h *n I ile olliers," .Nslnraliy th^
hsve. How run a j»»or srorklngman
who his nol tin* time to read nnd
; Imi ve, uUi Ui- U> *lrussi«- t«» ke-ep
III* fn in liy !« lire 11. witlae Ul«i! h*f 1*
the vi«ilm of Die ronwiftlUlsu. lie
, ,*,„ m""* iv **■!•     tutto mum   tm
'♦..,*,   I,    - *. -(rV(  1   -It,   -).,    •,*."l'!    '.      .,
\*,'t** it\U"V.tc n-f-f  'intator,J».tn
f • I* tbe s!tn*«ttoB in th# ttenth -»ii»
jTfci MUM *try dlfftwat?    Has   tb*
I-:.,-   ,.i .■.,* ^,,**■,, i*,i**i ,
XiiB, -iJir-w.  *U*t tan Ha,-i»U*m *im
*m tM* atmiiiiti-v**    I iM-t.ti- 'i "tnm .IMi
elallst party I* the twrtr whlrh stands
f -white, man. the fta-nthem man. a t**l- tnr tn*ttrt   nt\-t 1 tltlnk lb v.  1**  the
'""     ' '•*>»    »^.i*. iu.tM»Mi.,  *** **,*•*, •*♦*■»  »* tmt*
t*g-»rf»n» tm tk* Negro?   I Am't iblnk tvtfnltloit »f U ehttb *aw*-al* to me~-
ib»« %bU I* i'!-t* m*t*,   tttnelx vonmi li Is pstnral ihr th* Socialist pnrtx
isre ***> a* narses, wet owr*** In tlie nhmxli say. "We rscsot refit** tym-
tiltrl'Vi or hi* dark bloo;l relslloim if
he hat to atUno*ledge them In Hi*
Prof. Prank Boas ..
I mitst ron fen*. flr*t of all, tn a cer'
ttin embsrr.is»nietii which I t,-\t *h'ii
I received the invlat'on tn titetb tw
f«re )on t«ii!«ltt. I am m w(«.mi#>; i
mui not in p,»lii,<., mjiiI sa ■ »i .fnitut
I sim naturally and mwenflally an fn
ttll id'uMiin* * I cannot. i:c*»UM» tie nn
itrr 4»> iutt* »H»«*H»t!»!>« nf ih"tii»»r«
I think twit miy own •**■, uti-d bust* ta
fffltfid It Therefore. I r.ither fe|» |!i t|
I litsiy ti.i'.i* ii.illiln^ i„ .,i> in ic«.ir j
ttl the ifili'Dtloil  (Illl   f-i  Itef'iM-e yuu. Lii-
nlgbt. the i|iitf«tlon ho* far Hoclalism
-mi1   **,*,,» *,» utftnttu* tatr Miti*n*tu*
■   i ,.','■ .    ,,'. ... . n. i *   ki.i.'te t#*
jil'-rtiij.i.n    iiU*'   iS-might     il. ,   twit, * i-i     it*
willed wm mami rt": it*1** **"'«nii* «• "vfi,«;». *_
m4 whleb H miy he !tmf!:nh!i» to dl**-
*■««« here
the I'oje are aii ettictiy of th<* same
ivpe, Nevertheless, they claim Ihit
there It a eirtiin kind ot racial <Itf-
ifii'iiw bei*-*t*n th«m  which ImiHl*
t!u in to in ; ** ihey do.
th', trim llie *c',eutS»t"« twtnt of
■>U"v, rice snUrnnl**m Is re»!b i m'#
nomer T>er>> l» nn mich thiiiB n*
nire ants mnl »itl, b*taiifw> In ilie tut-*-*
ot KuroiM- *•« di Ki-eiill lhe different
n ,*, f eiiiallj i«'pie>»ei«t«"l, *n<t Js I*
.merely » romrAdlctlon If Ihe -French'
,,...,„    „'\,;ll1    i.t    *k   ft*.   ,:     »,    ■■■■■^lfi   *',^     '.',.,   ■
n'*f «f .i Tf-'i'fiH-*" met*, *t<*. l\"-?-l;:.,
»l »i «i»Me mre, and no forth Thev
are reslly m compotitiott ill the *.%e
Ni«», mbnt I* true nf • irinl ,ifiri»,i
Um, ** i*rofe»«of 1,ot*b no tii'H rli«
ttWi*4 It bmlnrt*, U 'rue also !» tho*»"
heconie more that of friendship than
nt hostility—which still exists to a.
certain extent up to the present time.
1 said before that the feelinE or
nationality. Is very largely bused op
;iii objective ccncepHon of those Ideas
which nre prevalent In our own people among ourselves, iuul 1 think one
of the moKi Important points that we
(Hjiht to 'Vjr In mind and that ought
never'to lie overlooked l« lhat In our
public life iit llie present timo we
make the greatest efforts and take
every possible ■mei-nit* of instilling this
notion of the specific difference between the members of a nation and
the nn int>cr* of a foreign .nation Into
the mind* of the people. This Is true
nut only in our puhlie oratory. It Is
not onlv trite In our art, but |i Is
throughout true In our schools. Kvery
means i* taken In the sehoob to in-
Mill Snlo III* ililhlr-en a purely emotional kind of patrlotitm, »s we call
It. the emotional Idel of th*' t*at**f*
lence of one's own nsittonality as com-
,-,l..i  ...* d.. D.'.ult,,        A•«.!  i  i.,11,1.  ItMlt
If we wsnt to a-feompHsh sriything fit}
n,u ,u,.1..*(i<„. v<. iHt-\.' .(, j*..,* imt:'., n*
lar attention t« the effect of IMs tetetk-
Ing upon the young, antl to do whst-
i vie-   .'»■  . 4,'i tii briaj; c!*.ir!>   imtoto**
ib,   m'tiit ■ of the fh'li'ren tl* Idea of
the »1Wrt;e*» uf tJ-»» filrei Of tl»'»0 .04
cf et»ril right* with members of all
rtee* sihI of all nstlotmllties.'-" -S, Y.
iPnmtm et tb* wblt-e o*«if**, or **»r twtby to a hwm.ttt hHng whets ht* not*
H.*t-ft,    Ton know thai a large number r*r* o«it*-!4# of a e*-ruis seosrsphtrst
lot INMtlM>nM>t« bur* Pnt Mark famfl- hometare net  in*** tbun w?ief» im i#
*V**t*.      V-Mf-I*,      "> -I       r,;t.9f.      ,**.,',   ,,       ,i
ttios<> of V'.nfti'-it*
Thus we hear st th# nr****!*. «*!•«•'
* great deal of talk abmw*. the inn'M'
tire ronlrast and antacoeltm lM»;*eei-.
+%**  <s' F>*trm    * -t f-r ■'    ■ **. i   **f,.     ft
****■*-» * tt,,,** an tnm mem* et mat g»|'H. If you go to »t*l#r» h*** * ■ nm
•»<t of tbe ItidUlduat* -witirtifB? •****- ,ji| flrl th+r* * *r«t mmj l-Ssi**"*?-
nt*-r* of mnn, tb* tmt* *bon*bt «»»">• ,,Bd a great mmt *n*i Kmr,-*:**** it-**
*tm*n m* tlm of »tf t* t*m ff ift* «h» oli»lo«al»' bat* *» tn*,r *r»«» tb-
bftmnn rnte la m m*U- »n> ytanteat. Wo«.t of Attattr*      ml-   it   V*
i Se* su the pint, mi ptmni'--ily in the
'ft****:'.    Sew, tltl* t*. tn m* minim
)-f,4.,* e,<*tAi**llbl* nH.Jt tli* ti-t-ramfitl-Jw
Ot an »Mtl»« ite nrlal antsgoalstM
TIm* hat*}«HHi  t't ttmiii  til*, m it
■rstw**—bt m W*#0ttit»»ti* wny, t» if
wt*. bwt atlma-tn the Jtooib wotM
■■>m-M ytiMtm ..
. •*• ft***i*r. '.Vordktt. tio Rocky M-svfttata  ;»ot lur pomMm If thtre met* aa In
ltm44t-,"   I tblftii titf >kwtili-t p»rt'. if
tl  l« t>-f»,, m <»«  ,,.»»,i-*\-->V«i   '<,  *r*,.IVlt  •'.■
miy "We i iiiinf.ii toleYn'.f r.nial mi*
t»«ool«m. whlrh I* iMirelr mo nrtttt**
rrntle motion, \.0mty n mmntt ei
the sjistim nt mmnmU a*4 *mU*i
tftrntt-Ptf-tim Wm m»fw* fto****-**.** fn.
nttt h*etm we bn** tm rmemmmt*    W**-
la* to *#ete»oo at gli. exert *bIH !»era
tntn rh.-i n-r-rttt hn--*** '..-• > ,.. ■ ,- .._
*^*ii*t p\%m thn *nu* opfwnuBsti' to
"'Iwi nub Ilt»: Ui** lirt: tnnt |«Wi«"
■H-bomt afale-m t-.t Mn% ia \,t*,**t* **.- ■*■»*
tslfjit thl* tM«t. f'.r re *<*e tbil Ibn--**
t* MlM *o Mimm®*** O'tr-tnare*    In
tlm-   ■Kf»%.»—-**tff1    -l:K'H1)     tt   :i   ,i    :t;**:i>
»» •     *%ft     ,-t.-,*..,«rf.»*.i t,r *, .      nl'        , , , .
tiftO*».     .
*t the (iriesetii
:<'.,«*,     ,*»>'-*
• 'si,
•i   »-.,
*• * • t\-,i'
It lt«i»n«
tr,    «*
,.,  f^^■-#.»^ *
*wet-e   mt*  i-»
'•tt     II
■!•;■ -it*     -     •
never P.*A
■j->r,!»*?  tm
-,»   /•"■;.■■•
but It In
!****.Sut   ttt
% i. .*  t-f ■*
Hi>u«**. JkU*td»-
tmtwmtrm aotafewNiw      Jpm ntmnit %.x%*' tu c*!I #v#ry Iwimau 'Swiag* *»r fkk
t ■
t*»f t»* *t*fi*mt* *i*m t*r*
~'w* **   ■**.   »«rt*v"Mf*  r*nt,mi"-tt**
it ■■***•. '•, t*t*r** ti*tm i»* p^>*
1- Oi
*    Ih*
** x JPage EIGHT
■ *,#"-"--?
1 A
Dollar Savers For Keen Shoppers
See our assortment of Patriotic Handkerchiefs
showing the flag of the Allies, also ■coa't of arms of
eutih'o'f the Allies aud oar British flag with lion.
Priced for Saturday at 15c, 20c, and 25c. each
23 Suits go on sale
Saturday worth from
$35.00 to $45.00, for
In this lot you will
find   a   varied   assortment of styles.     Some    i„>
of the coats are long  - {{
and others sfliort, with *S|
its.     The V«
iu tailor-    \5t
ed models; others with
the long tunics.     Tlie
colors are: Navy, Blade.
Grey, Brown and Green.
Sizes, 16 to 44.
Saturday Special
the loose effects,
skirts are pla
Suits Special
18 Suits, worth from $27.50 to $32,50", for $12.50
ln this lot of Suits you will find some of the best
styles and colors. This is a sale that the lady
needing a suit cannot afford to overlook. Sizes
16 to 42.
Special Sale ..   $12,50
Silk Dresses
22 Silk JDresse.s of fine quality, valued up ns high
hn fclij.OO, for  $10,00
In this lot you will find ilrosses made in crepe <!o
chine, ''rocadt'd silk, nici-sstiiiite and pussy willows.
Colors, rose, Copenhagen, cerise, navy, brown, and
black.    Sizes: 16 lo .18
Special Sale $10.00
Spring Coats
Wo havo ii full line of Spring Coats, aome witli
the now empire effect, and some in large plaids,
which are very good in coats thia spring. Others in
the sport* style with large "pocket* and belt*, Col-
ora, Copenhagen, navy, tweeds, browns and black.
Sue*; 16 to 42.
Pricts from $10.00 to 185.00
Indies' trimmed Hat* in aU the prevailing style*.
Black is the leading color; also in burnt straw and
Meet front  $3.00 to $12.50
Untrimmtd Shapii
We h*vi» a targe smortment of shapes.
Prices Iron ,. .50c. to $6.00
Never before have thr flower* been ao bright and
beautiful a* thi* year. We have the small bouquet*, which are m popular just now, and the
Pilots irou Mo. to $8.00
OtUl line* of ladies' Black la«cd and button high
lkiH»t«f in *«i kid, gun metal anil patent leathen,
gwtd quality. *tnl made In variety of la»t*. Rtfti-
lar prices trim $3.50 to |5jO0.
Special prie« $2.50 pair
flirt** »nd Boyn' Hhoe*. n\ntm it to 10»{., M*dt» in
light ant! heavy weight* of box calf, viei kid and
KUii metal leather*» wnle* t*ml*tarm fasts; ex ery
pair giiaratitwit In trtv«* pert*?! m list art nm.
Bpootti....................       . $1.70pour
Child*' aad Boys' Sneakers or Vacation Oxfords
Onr Mnrk «»f rnbber-*t»1e blue t»r black canva*
OBtftrtt* tir ntgtt rum hi ntmfHrtr. t Hurt* mm-*.
T* tt* HMjjyflitith** nit***. II to 13; lioy*' sin*, 1 1**5,
Good Values In bur Gent's
and Boy's Department
Men's Black
Sateen Shirts
We guarantee our working
Shirts to give satisfaction, and
invite you to see our range of
Black Sateen Shirts.
Priced at 75c. $1.00 $1.25 and
up to $1.75 each.
Men \s Coatless Braces in both two and four-point
styles are now in stock in two qualities, 35c. and 50o
Solid Leather Helts for working men. in aii sizes,
will be on sale Saturday at **.. .25c. each
Men's Hats
All our 1914 Hats
in colored felt are
on sale in our Clothing Department
at $1.05
This includes Hats
worth up to $3.50.
A big range of tweed
and worsted Suits
will be on, sale Saturday at
Oet Yours Before They Get Picked Over
Boys' Suits
In our Boys'
Suit Section we
have something
good to offer Saturday buyers.
From Child's
Buster Suits iu
Velvet*, Worsted* and T>weeds,
to Boys' two-
p i e e e double-
breasted Suit*
with bloomer
pants. Our range
of patterns is the
bait ahowu iu
Pernie. Priced
from $2.50 to $16
Sixes from two
years to 16 years.
Sporting Goods
Sec us for anything you tint In thl* line. Our
ntork b new and quite roraplete in Base Ball*, Ten-
nm ifaitft, ro«i iwuw, Mutiner Mail*, tenuis mcqw-i*.
UatriuM Bnt*. fll«ve«, Milt*, Poothall Bladder*.
Fuotball IU.U, lt***biM Wmto, or ht-d and tot
plate*, etf. ete.
See   these   in   our
Men's Department.
Onr usual big range of Children's Hats are now
en disphty in our Men's Furnishing Department. A
great variety of styles are shown in all eolors.
Priced at 50c. to $2.75 each
Children's Caps from 25c. to 75c each
Boys' Odd Pants
■ *.        4
We will plaee on Sale for Saturday aud Monday
only Boys' Tweed Pants in greys, both in bloomor
and straight styles; well lined and well-made.' AH
sizes from 22 to 32.
Saturday's Priee .,.....*.......... 75c. pair
AVe have just received a shipment of boys' Suspender* in new wobhs.    See our range,
Priced at  15c. to 35c. each
Men's Footwear
Men's fine footwaar at $9.00 pair
Our range of this Une is large and well assorted,
with several different styles to choose trom.   Made
in gun metal and vici kid leathers.
Men's hlaek and tan Roots at...... $8.76 pair
Made in eroine and grain leather, with good heavy
soles and soft pliable upper*. A nerriceaMe shoe
for ef ery day wear.    Regular jpriees to $4.50.
•poviat ,,■•.....,.■,,.,...i,,.,. oo.fw poir
PntA i Pit Boost ................. $1.16 poir
Mud* nt hrtfry .ifrolti VMVr rlfh onlr-Mi* '(•hrtTrtfr
and well nailed sole*, a splendid aertkwaMe shoe
for fiit tne.
mm^O^^mm^ ■ AMI ■■■■   Ah^kftn
■ponai ..,,,... pi.00 pur
Dry Goods Dept.
Including Serges, Poplins, Taffetas, Panamas,
etc. A big range of •colors to select from. Values
up to $1.00 yard.
Pay Day Special   , 49c. yard
Dress Ginghams
Made from a specially selected yarn. Extra soft'
pure finish, and absolutely fast colors. Very suitable, for ladies' and Children's dresses, overalls, elic.
Twenty-five patterns, to select from.
Pay Day Special —... 2 yards for 25c.
See Window Display
In a big range of patterns. These are exceptionally good value.    Regular up to 50c.
Pay Day Special 25c. yard
Made from an extra good quality of elastic aud
have strong steel fasteners. AM sizes from infaats'
to ladies'.   Regular up to 35c. pair.
Pay Day Special 20c. pair
New Vestings
Extra soft even weave; permanent mercerized
finish. Comes in stripes, sprigs and spots. Regular 25c.
Pay Day Special 2 yards for 35c.
Jn a big size. Splendid washer and drier. Regular 40e. pair.
Pay Day Special  30c, pair
Roller Towelling
Made from a good quality flax.   Extra strong
and a good drier.
Pay Day Special 2 yards for 25c.
Grocery Specials
Sjveet Malado Oranges, red top; half case...$1.75
Sweet Malado Oranges, blue top, half case... .$1.90
Sweet Navel Oranges, per don ........ .16 to   .50
Ben Davis Apples, per box $1.40
Hoyal Mixed Candy, per lb     .10
Lowney's Chocolates, per Ib     ,85
Fresh Rhubarb, per lb    .10
1* resit Qreen Onions, per bunch     .06
Robin Hood Rolled Oats, 8 lb. sack .........   .40
Golden Corn Meal, 10 lbs.    .35
Canada First Condensed Milk, per tin .....,   .10
Kelowna Peaehes, 3 lb. tin    .25
Evaporated Peaclhes, per M).    ,10
Connor's Kippered Barring, 2 tins 95
Kootenay Plum Jam, per tin    .75
Kootenay Strawberry and Raspberry Jam, 17
ounce glass 19
Crosse it BtaekweU's Jam-, 7 lb. tin  .$1.85
Peanut Butter, 0 ox. pot    ,10
Peanut Butter 16 os. pot    ,15
Tetley's Red tabel Tea, 1 lb. carton ........   .85
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lb*. VI
1 f fllFOfrSf    10    IDS*     nt...***.. i m t t f < i t t » t t < t • tflV
wnroow mom*
Corn, per tin    ,10
IfMlllf   P^r   till    ent,nttnt**n**ea*a*.*»na.i,nn        ni&
I   *PH*S*      f*^»       fill       tfmae***************   *¥*■****** *Xw
KtHetly VrtAk Kggs, per dos     .Ml
Cooking Bggf, * unii ■ ■..    »»5
Pienle Hams, per lh li
MofMtl fftHMd DMoiders, par in    A(t
JfWNIR    Ifftltlltltf  JNNT   III-*    nnnmt.antmaae.aa.n nMM^fa
rf6th IiCfTlDR, p#r in, .,. • «.»**•*••«•••«•*    *U«
t.nilflCiWRf« jHnr ID*   i*nt'itt*«tt*t»(titt*H»i«i»      oflW
Fitwl, pef Jb Ml
ifefi Urtpping, A lba. ...........i..........    .Mo
l.ight MNinRoeoiitpif lh.    .n
The Store of
Money Saving Prices


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items