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The District Ledger Jun 12, 1915

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Array / A.
Industrial Unity Is Strength
x   \
The Official Organ of District No. 18, TJ, M. W. of A,
Political Unity-Is Victory
^   </„
,No. 42,~Vol. Vin.
 * •	
Nanaimo Disaster &
U.M. W.A. Comment
Says Large Bodies of Gas Were Reported in the Reserve Mine—How
Union Strove to Have Mine Regulations Act Enforced.
Once more we have to record a horrible mine disaster where the lives of
men are sacrificed.. This time it ds the
reserve shaft of, the Western Fuel company at -Nanaimo, B.C. On Thursday
afternoon, iM-ay 27th, 1915, twenty-two
men lost their lives by an explosion in
the above-named mine, and It is with
tbe deepest sympathy and sincere regrets for the unjirtunate victims and
their relatives that wevexpress our
views. Knowing that there is nothing
that we can do that will restore life
to these men, we are confronted with
.the following question: "Whait are we
going to do to prevent another Hisaa-
ter?" "Prevention is better than
cure," and we solicit the aid of the
general public to assist us in that prevention. \
ETC. Miners' High Death Rate
The following should be considered
carefully: Por the last eighteen years
there has been over TWO THOUSAND
MINERS KILLED every year on the
American continent, and statistics
prove that the death rate Is unorganized fields is three per cent, greater
than in the organized districts. .British
Columbia has as high a death rate as
any mining* locality Jn the world. This
fact alone should be sufficient to make
every honest citizen of the province of
B. C. decide that from now on with all
the ability in their power to help the
miners' organization in dts humanitarian movement of trying to organize
for the protection of their lives. It
should also condemn every person who
by their efforts assisted the coal barons of Vancouver Island in the recent
• struggle to:temporarily retard the min;
- Was  Explosion  Expected?
There Js current rumor on the streets
of Nanaimo today that tbls explosion
was not unexpected and large quantities of gas have been known to exist
For God's sake forget politics for once.
This is a matter involving the lives of
Youra very truly,
President District 28; U.M.W. of A.
A Pew Plain Questions
Other questions that the minister of
mines should be -compelled'*to answer
relative to the non-enforcement of the
Coal 'Mines Regulation Act are as follows:
Why is it that the Jingle Pot Mine
was allowed to operate with no manholes on their slope until such -time as
two men were killed? Why was the
company not prosecuted for' violation
of the law?
Why were the officials of the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) 'Company,
Ltd,, not prosecuted for violation of
the law when they swore in court .that
they knew of more than one shot being fired at a„time?
Why were the officials of the Western Fuel Company not prosecuted for
violation of the law when they admitted in court that they knew of more
than one shot being fired at a time
when two met met their death ln Pro-
lection mine? -*,
**Why were the officials of the Pacific
Coast Coal Company at South Wellington not prosecuted for violation of the
law when they sent men into places
where there was no timber and the
men were £ined for not having their
timbers handy enough to the face?
Companies and Mining Act.
Concluding Considerations
In conclusion, permit me to ask the
organised labor movement and all other honorable citizens of the province
of British Columbia, tb endorse the
following resolution and to immediately forward same to the minister of
mines department at Victoria, B.C.
Endorse This Resolution
"""^hereas we believe that the minister of mines department wants to
have a fair and impartial inquiry into
the causes of'the recent disasters on
Vancouver Island, and whereas, we
believe that the disclosures brought
out at the coroner's inquest in Nanaimo re the South Wellington disaster
absolutely disqualify chief inspector
of mines, Mr. Thomas Graham and In-
spector John Newton from taking any
part in conducting the affairs of the
public in these matters;
"Therefore, be it Resolved, That we
urgently request the Hon. W. J. Bowser, Attorney-General, acting minister
of mines, to appoint one man from the
miners' organization and one from the
coal companies to assist Mr. Justice
Murphy in conducting these inquiries
in order that the blame shall be placed
upon the responsible parties.
"And, be it further Resolved, That
we consider any other kind of inquiry
into these affairs would be an injustice
to the citizens of the province of British Columbia."
Yours very truly,
Organizer District No. 28, U.M.W. of A.
Pvt. Gordon Brewster's
Graphic Letter
Below we print one of the most
graphic letters received from the
front. This is written by Gordon
Brewster, well known in the Pass, and
The"c^r,Minln%'Re"3ons Act is ?»•«*&•«"! &Jota *•"»'«»:
"in jnre^"aia~ffiiner'bu tender-tlieTTes
potic rule which exists In the Western
Fuel Company, iio man wJio Is^employ-
ed by them dare voice his sentiments
relative to the conditions of the mine
unless they are favorable tc the company or unless he is prepared to go
elsewhere and seek work.
McBride Did Not'Answer
Following is a self-explanatory let*
ter to Premier McBride, and which he
did n&t ahswari • • •—
Nanaimo, B. C,
July 2, 1914.
Sir Richard McBride, premier of British Columbia, Victoria. B.C.
Honorable Sir:
"After carefully considering matters
which wo have discussed In conferences lately, relative to non-enforcement of Uie mining laws of this t>rov-
ince, it Is my opinion that It is your
duty, as minister of mines, to compel
tho operators of this province to comply with tho provisions of the Coal
Minos Regulations Act, aud lhat gov
very specific on these points and
these questions corroborate the contention of the miners' organization that
there are no coal companies on the
face of the earth who show such a
flagrant disregard for the law as the
companies on Vancouver Island. Imagine the futility of an agreement such
as the one that now exists at the Western Fuel Company. A grievance commltteo is paid by *the company to come
tn lha tieixtttnttny nttlrt* nnro a month tn
tlngent that left Fernie. This is taken from the Whitehaven News. It
will be noted that the rightfulness of
modern warfare is pictured in all its
grim reality and furnishes proof that
the carnage attendant upon modern
fighting,is death-dealing beyond all
previous comparison.
Private Gordon Brewster, son of Mrs
Brewster, Wellington House, Whitehaven, who. has been In action with
Prlnfpgs Pntrlria'tt ftanadifln T,lgh.t.IiL;
discuss the grievances of the miners,
I Mve no doubt that the company ap
predate any efforts put forth by these
mon to increase the company's profit,
Ab a general rule good business does
not pay its men to assist to reduce Us
profits, and In my opinion if these men
were Insisting upon the enforcement
of the law the Western Fuel Company
profits would be reduced about fifty
per cent.
Facts of Previous Disaster
I aupeal to the general public lo
consider very carefully these facts re-
InMve to recent disasters which the
miners of British Columbia have had
to contend with. Some years ago
thirty-three lives were snuffed out at
Extension mines, and citizens of Nanaimo at public meetings verbally
chnrged the inspector of mines with
manslaughter. Then comes the TMa-
tnond Vaje colliery explosion nt" Merrill. It-jO., In which sfivon men's live*
were sacrificed. ■ The coroner's In-
tolm Sff^T* •M?P#M ^iSSnfcT&^at^df^t Te
'I fully realize the utter Impossibility
and the absurd Ky ot your request that
1 make a specific charge against any of
the men who pre now employed as not
being competent miners, while at the
same time your government ls spending thousands of dollars to keep extra special police, provincial police and
mllltla in tbat field for, the purpose
of keeping us ln a position whereby we
cannot secure the Information you desire, bofore taking action.
- "I havo always been under the impression that it was the duty of the
minister of mines and the government
mine Inspectors to enforce the law, and
not wait until thousands ot men are
blown Into eternity, tinder the pretext
ot waiting for specific charges from
anyone; but to see that Inspections
an; made from time to time and that
ail M«*utioit« ot Ute Coal Mines Regulations Act are enforced.
"I am confidant that halt ot the men
who are mining coal on Vancouver Island where the strike la In progress,
cannot read the Inspector's or fire-
bosses' reports, as they are potted at
the pithead from time to time when
they are making their examination of
the mines, and If this is true tliat class
of men are. Uie most dangerous elements existing In any mine, not only
to themselves, but thousands of other
men meet death due to tlieir Ignorance
and thousands ot widows and orphans
are thrown on the mercy ot the world,
lirgelr because of the neglect ot tbo
men wbo are responsible for not en-
forcing tke law and kaoplsg sock men
eat nt tbe mines,
"I woald suggest that a commlseton
be Immediately appointed to be composed of one representative or the government, one for the operators, and
one for lhe United Mine Workera of
Vancouver Island; aod tkat tkis commission bi eawwwered te keld as Ib*
heard no more nbout It, and If any.
body wa% prosecuted for violation of
the law It must have been a secret
Then came the "Tl. North" oxploslon
nt Conl Creek, wherein ono lifo was
lost. The government Inquiry Into ihis
disaster was held some months ago.
and so far we hare had no report bf
same, and In my opinion If tlie man
who conducted that Inquiry would
apeak truthfully he would admit that
bo la waiting for Instructions from
tho minister of mines as to what kind
cf * report he shall Issue. Next comes
thc Sooth Wellington disaster in which
nineteen men were drowned llko rats
In n hole and the disclosures relative
to that affair should prohibit chief Inspector of mines, Thomas Orabam, and
Inspector John Newton, from having
fantry, and who has been twice wounded, writes to his brother, "Sol," as follows:
" "13 Stationary Hospital. Boulogne,
„ May 15th, 1915.
Dear Sol.^-Through some Ingenuity
I have created a half,decent writing
position. I l\ope you are all well at
home. Aftervwbat I've seen one Is
certainly lucky to have -a comfortable
home such as yours. I'm sorry to say
the P.P.'s nre all cut up. After coming
out of the trenches at "the End," after
fifteen days' spell, we were hurried to
 to retake and.hold a line lost hy
the .   Previous to getting to	
wo wore about 7,800 strong, havlng.lost
rather heavily In "Tho End" trenches,
through trench mortars, bombs and
grenades. Well, if ever hell were let
loose it was last Saturday. We took
thp trenches and boat them back time
after time and for somo hours things
lulled, but not for long. About three
p.m., they began sh« "ur ou:> trenches
with big Shrapnel nnd percussion, and
hell had opetled. They just blew us
to pieces. Dug-outs, or parta of them,
along with men, men's arms, trunks,
heads, kits, etc.. flying thirty feet In
the air. We were losing terribly,
overy oflcer out of action boforo we
got reinforced. We held the line for
seven hours, until wc got strength
from the K. It, It,'* and Royal Scots.
Tlie Huua came on us. Just like forests.
Just to be bayonettcd and mowed
down. T was wounded by a percussion shell about evening It klllod
three and wounded two of ns: the
other having today thero too long died.
No stretchers or anything dure mmt*
near us, and the reinforcements were
horribly cut np. trying.to get to us.
When they got me to the dressing station1! was quietly fold that there were
34 P.P.'s left and 1 was one of them.
That «laV 1 ihnll never forget. They
tell me things ore going strong up
around Ynre* now, nn bnn* .Trick title
For First Quarter, 1915
Compiled by Thomas Graham, Chief
Inspector of .Mines
The reports received from the District inspectors of Mines and from the
operating confpanies show that there
were twenty-two persons killed 'n and
ohout the coal mines of the Province
(ii'.rJiig the first quarter ot the year.
Coal Mine Fatalities
Total killed during the first three
months of 1915 and same period of
191 -i—January. 1915, l; 1914, 1. February, 1915, 20; 1914, 4. March, 1915.
I; 1914, 2.   Total: 1915, 22; 1914, 7.
Colliery where accident happened:
Crow's Xest Pass Coal Co., Coal Creek,
1; Pacific Coast Coal Mines. Ltd., S.
Wellington, 19; Canadian-Collieries
(Dunsmuir), Ltd., Cumberland, 2.
Fatalities classified according to
cause—Falls of coal, 1; by asphyxiation in mine gases, 1; by drowning, 19.
Killed on surface—-By mine cars and
haulage,, 1.
Metal Mine Fatalities
Number of men killed in and about
metal mines of British Columbia for
the first three months of 1915 and 1914
—January, 1915, 1; 1914, 1. February,
1915, 0; 1914, 0. 'March; 1915, 1; 1914,
I.     Total, 1915, 2; 1914, 5.
District and mine where accident occurred—'Osoyoos, Nickel ^ Plate, 1;
Boundary, {Jranby, 1.
Fatalities classified according to
cause—'By • fall of ground, 2.
The list of casualties of Fernie contingent continues to grow larger. Some
modifications are made from time to
John Anderson, already reported
slain, is now on the wounded and missing list., John Reid is wounded, not
Two well known citizens, J. J. Hixon
and G. G. Sawyer, are reported killed.
James Scott Is missing.
The wounded include:
William E. Richardson, West Fernie.
James P. Ryan, Jaffray.
John P. Smith, Fernie.
, George Bowen, Fernie.
The last-named received his wound
whilst with an ammunition column,
but writing from a hospital in London
states that he expects to be in a fit
state to return to active,,duty in the
near future.
—The-name of~AibeTrt~i3~Hilgs    has'
been added -to the "missing,"   He was
In an unbroken line, stretching for
18 blocks, thousands of union workers
accompanied by hundreds, of non-affiliated citizens who are interested in
the fight for justice, paraded the
street of Denver Saturday night as a
protest against the unjust conviction
of John R. Lawson. It was not a gala
throng that, had met in honor of some
great occasion but an army of determined men and women voicing their
disapproval of Rockefeller courts.
The parade disbanded at the auditorium where all entered and took seats
for the massed protest which followed,
and over which President Clint C.
Houston of the Denver Trades and La-
Lor Assembly presided. Professor
Jah.es H. Brewster of the University
of Colorado and Congressman Buchanan of Illinois were the speakers at the
Resolutions were adopted commending Frank P. Walsh of the Industrial
Relations Commission for his able and
fearless handling of the Interests of
justice and denouncing the paid press
for tlieir attacks on him.
■Resolutions were unanimously adopted calling on Governor Carlson and Attorney-General Fred Farrar to prove
that they were unbiased by prosecuting operators responsible for the killing of miners during the strike. These
resolutions conclude as follows:
"Whereas, The Ludlow massacre occurred more than one year ago; mortj_
than twenty persons were killed there;
a coroner's jury called to investigate
the same stated wbo were responsible
therefore, yet no arrests have been
made—no prosecutions initiated and
the jvhole matter of the lives of twenty
women and children is apparently forgotten or seemingly condoned; therefore, be It
"Resolved, That we call upon the
governor and the attorney general to
prove to the public that they are fair
and unbiased in these prosecutions by
causing to be filed immediately, Infor-
nKtitton against those guilty of the
deaths of tbe many miners and their
wives and children who perished at
Ludlow and other battlefields and neglecting not to file against those men
whose -brains conceived, and whose
money furnished the means to initiate
and carry out the law violations attributed to them'•
Opposed to Working
With "Alien Enemies"
The citizens of Fernie were greatly
surprised when the news was received
in town on Tuesday morning that the
mineworkers engaged on the morning
shift had declined to go to work, For
some time past there has been a grow-
Ing discontent among the British and
those of the allied nationalities against
the continuance of employment of
Germans and Austrians. The opposition first assumed more definite shape
last Saturday when a deputation of
eight men, drivers, called upon Supt.
Caufield and stated tbat they did not
wish to continue to work so long as
the Austrians and Germans were kept
on. These men were informed that
could not be recognized as speakers
for the organization even though they
were members of the union, and that
any grievances they might think they
had should be presented through the
proper channels.
On*Monday the subject was practically the sole topic of . conversation
among tlie various nationalities, but
no further definite action was taken
that day.
' Tuesday morning the usual number
of men went up on the 6 o'clock train
and at least 80 per cent made the preliminary arrangements usually made
before going Into the mine, such as
changing clothes and receiving their
lamps, of theBe latter over 400 were
taken out, the bulk of those who refrained from so doing were drivers and
haulers. In the meantime the horses,
over 100, already harnessed were In
the stable awaiting the coming of their
daily guides and companions. They
did not come. The hour for starting
work passed. Secretary Uphill endeavored to persuade the men not. to
take hasty action, and urged that they
with a G. N. bridge gang and came
orlslnally from Nnpan, *N. S.
The name of Frank Doodson ls mentioned among the latest casualties as
"wounded," The young man Is well
known In Fernie and is the son of
ing attention -to the International char-
actor of their organization. Mayor
Uphill, R. Draper, T. Biggs. S. yeaney.
Supt. Caufield, T. Haigh, and several
others addressed the gathering, but.
when the motion was put that all alien
enemies, regardless of conditions, be
interned, the show of hands plainly
demonstrated the attitude of those present, were in favor of such a step. The
amendment, first put„that the Government bo requested to intern all unnaturalized alien enemies was not regarded as sufficiently comprehensive to
meet the requirements of the situation, as viewed by the majority .of
those present.
Subsequent to this President Phillips
stepped to ihe front of the platform
and said:
"If you refuse to go to worlc tomorrow (Wednesday) it will be a breach
oi* the agreement, and there is a penalty which cau be imposed upon every
man who refuses to go to work. That
you should be fully aware of this fact
I deem it my duty' to inform you.
Please bear in mind I am not coercing
you to go to work, but simply stating
what may take place.-' He again referred to the penalty for this breach of
the terms of the agreement.
A delegation consisting of T. Uphill,
Slattcrly. Gordon Ross, T. Biggs, H.
Martin, John Rieg, R. Draper were
then deputed to call upon the officials
of thc Crow's Xest Pass Coal Co.
The deputation reported that the officials when called upon stated they
could take no action as General Manager Wilson was away.
.An adjournment was then called to
meet again at the Skating Rink at C
o'clock. When the hour arrived the
liu-ue building was crowded.   A num-
go to work, and as the morrow (Wed- bt>r of S1„,alws (iiBCUSse(j t'he'all ab-
nesday) was an idle day they would  sorbi      t    ,    but no c„ Jn ^
then have an opportunity to thrash the
question out.   The appeal waB in vain
Mrs.   Thomas" Martin,   formerly    of
Morrissey and Fernie, now residing at j yer who would^ accept an appointment
 wxisn ithe;
In his address, Professor Brewster,
who ha? been a staunch advocate of
the cause ot oppressed labor in Colorado, compared the appointment of
Hillyer with the ..appointment of the
notorious Jeffreys in England two hundred years ago and, as a lawyer, professed his utter contempt for any law
Edmonton, Alta.
Tlie -proprietor of the Club Cigar
Siore received quite a surprise upon
opening his mall recently to discover
that one of his leather tooth pick cases
which he presents to his patrons, ha1
been the mean's of conveying to the
raslnents of Roulongne-sur-Mer lhat
"Our Coffee is Good, The writer of
tho letter. Michx*l *(Vmghlnn. slates
thai It was pi"ltol i'p near tho sun*
thnt; were lost ami later retaken by
iho Canadians near Ypres.
The recruiting for the Tilth Kootenay and Boundary still continues In
Fernie despite the fact that the century mark hns boon appreciably passed. Only British subjects arc being
tlccepted now Th compliance with recent instruction* to thnt effect.
B. Caufield, superintendent, also
used his eloquence, stating that by refusing to work for the reasons given
nlneeri him ln_a._mnRl_linnlAftgamt-jinaL
attitude was noticeable, corroborative
evidence of which Is shown by the following motion passed by a large majority:
'We. a^ Britishers ar.d others other
tendered under the conditions existing
ln Hlllyer's case.
Congressman Buchanan urged that
labor must put forth still greater efforts to organize that their Interests
might be more safe. This speaker
also charged that the judiciary of tbe
nation was packed for the express pur-
poso of keeping the workers in subjection.
Miss Fern Lawson, daughter of John
it, Lawson, expressed thanks to the
loyal defenders of her father and hoped that the fight would be kept up till
all would receive Justice. This little
girl Is In liercarly 'teens and has been
on the coast with her mother during
the past several months.
tion, and requested that they go to
the government. This did not have
any effect upon his listeners, and seeing that the men remained determined
to stand by their attitude, declared
that the day should be "idle." and gave
thc necesasry instructions making thlB
A mass meeting was called for 2.30
to be held in the Socialist Hall, but
at the appointed hour the crowd had
assumed proportions so far beyond tha
capacity of the building that an adjournment was made to Pellat Avenue
Square, where a concourse of people,
numbering upwards of 600 assembled
and listened to the speeches delivered. International Board Member O
Rees and W. L. Phillips. President of
District 18. U. M. W. of A..,.spoke at
length, outlining the situation and call-
On Sunday evening the recruits pi
thc fith Tlntf,, nepn-mpnnlrd by A and B
Cemnsnlen of th-* 10"th. attended
church services. Those of Iho Pmtes-
tnnt belief attended the Presbyterian
Church where Rov. Foster, of the Bap-
tlat Cliureh filled tho pulpit, w.hiUt the
Catholic members In charge of Lieut.
J. J, Martin, nt tended the Holy Family
To the I'dltor, District Ledger.
Dear  Sir,—I^oeal  Union   No.  2299,
U. M. W. of A. Cumberland, met in
regular session iuul passed the following resolution regarding   thc   recent
mining disaster on Vancouver Island.
"We do not forget that tho mining
department  of   this   Province  did
everything lu their power to defeat
(MiT aliens, are willing anawill work,
but not under present conditions, that
Is to say, with alien enemies,"
After the adjournment of the above
meeting Lt-Col. Mnckay, officer com- '
mnndlng the loca! militia, received
telegraphic instructions from the coast
to the effect that all unnaturalized unmarried Austrians and Germans of
military age, ns weil as married aliens
whose wives ami families reside tn the
old country, should be immediately interned."--- - — — -     .,■■*■ *
Conformably to the above orders the
City Police authorities have posted all
around town Instructing all those to
whom these regulations apply must
present themselves at the appointed
place not later than 4 o'clock (Wednesday) afternoon, bringing their per-
(Continued on Vnitr- Tool
British Situation by
Miners' Secretary
The subjoined letter from Thomas: llie rt-naon why our pits'arc working
Ashton, Secretary of the Miners' Fed-' sits-h full time at pre*ei;t U »n account
oration of Groat Britain, we feel   will of such a large number of our men
.Titnday lust over fifty Italian citizens were marched and drilled under
the instructions of Alexander and
Angelo Rlzzuto,
a«Hhi»K u» do in <M»«i««H!tioii wiili> <-.«*». * brother) won't wtA run into It.    1 see
duptflig an/ Inquiry on behalf of the
Inspectors Unfitted to Aet
Tbey should alao be disqualified
from acting In tbelr present capacity
in the mining department. Lastly
comes the Reserve shaft explosion In
which twenty-two lives are snuffed
nut. and unless there it enough pressure brought to bear upon the minister
nf mines" department, theoe two men
will represent the mining denartmct.
en behalf of the general public, at the
ln*l«e*t wblch Is to be h*ld «n N*ati«l-
mo, en Friday, lane lib, 1ttl, tn
view ot the fart tbat Mr. Justice 3lur-
».hv will conduct lb* Inquiry re tbe
South Wellington d!mt*r. a&d UV'.r.s
»f tov nrnntnA »b*t Mr. Jnttk» Mnrphv
la not a practical miner, we are confronted with these facta tbat these Inspectors will be tbe onlv practical miners there who will be allowed to cross-
etnnxHtti witnesses
Justice te Jwetlee Murphy
f do net wlab It to be conveyed that
veeugiMO* «M Mat *M •mom***,* am mmmm <?**%•»? ««?'*««* |w»e»a mind wn
U> hi! If iti-*'-.' Wif 1niitfUn.pT 1c*.*t tmfl   ...ixm tlif :.1*W1..- tit Mr Ju-.jV i* Mnr, >V"   „
- -   -* »*■ hnt wtber ta convey the feet that be w BH- * MM * -'
will give a tatr and Impartial verdict
mt^rtlm lo the ctMmmw f-fofatt-t at
tbe Inqnlry. Bnt I do contend that If
theae Inspector* ar* tbe only practical
■n**tttt*r* trait* *** iwriwtt* in *i*i9 firma.
turns from tbe wttnettet. tbat many
rmettlons nt vital lasportanc* mtl te
left nnasbed. awl It asay lw tbe means
of detailing thc alms of Jastlee In
placing the Maas* on Um responsible
MhMff"-foot Viewmteatien
Thew ototo tko trwet&H* arisen #b#
ether pwrtalewi ef the Coal Wnea An*
gjlatlons Aot, te Immediately die-
if IMt MRottten meets wkh tte
approval of yonr department yon will
n**n ii* annum trill -wWfrtr in Ur* emerr-
thing in oor power te render asett-
mm* On tte other hand, If It seeete
with tbt disapproval of yonr department officiate why not, na PrtMfor of
tbla provlaeo. eserclee yonr powers
ondtr tte PaWie Veqalry Aett
~Tbi« eomptatat end angiwUon la
heiMNf mm tbe etatwe fie tte Ooal
MIm* 8ofOlaUo«> Act perUlalBg to
tte tteWtaitloiHi of OMtetitOft wtere-
to it Olmim *pe»ilk»U» 4tei * minm
moot te saffkiently coavomat with
tte R»tllsb Magnate and with tba pro-
vtatona ef ite aet ralaUn* to owl-
minim and toto* and refntaQoiM mado
IMftaMtt. **W* T aay t» m, m
rrtmUT rM mt oroifaie*. ttet tf yon
In lhe papers we need more men and
ammunition, fake t fro-n mc. Si,".
there never was anything so true. Kver
since I was wounded before (Just about
two weetts. and I was back in tbe
trenches!. It hss Just rained hell for
ns, but let me tell you, without a lie,
every time a P.P. went down you could
gamble on fifteen Huns going. They
com** on In close formation, for what
sensible tdea 1 eannot tell. V have
be»n under X-rays, but It se*ni* my
limb has too much cellolltls In It to be
operated on at present. 1 wan wounded three weuks ago, along with onr
Compsny-flartMiat,   wbll*  havfng  a
luath, but took no notice of It	
Tbe sergeant went to btispttal, snd I
went lo the trenche* the same night.
Rome men bave aome terrible wounds,
and softer t»rHMy, Tbls Is what helns
one to "stick it," This gas Is awful
stuff. If ever 1 happen to get among
It. r shall mtilin fl straight line for
wtere there la moat fire and tlni.b «
tetnc broaebt down.
MHtre suaenn*. Ute toiuu«
am Hade*, where tb* fire memo* tii*
heaviest.    I waa Jost thinking wbat a
marey tt woold te tf a aboil were to
There will be a meeting at Ingram's
Hall  on  Sunday, 13th, at 2 o'clock!
tor the purjioie of reorganising th«!
Kernie City Band.     Everybody whoj
can play an instrument or wishes to!
learn, nr U Interested  !n having ai
first da** musical organization such
as Fernie hat been uied to, are cor-
dlally Invited.
be  read  by our many readers  with;
great interest, especially as It t"Mii*n
the organising of the miners on this! from one whose lengthy career In thc
island, and aa wc view the cause of i minim? Induatry preeminently fit* Mm
thu strike, re dincrlwiiiiatUm of men j to speak authoritatively upon quesUuns
that were faithful enough to them-1 involving the Interests of the ni .ty
selveA and their fellow workers to I thousands of dreat Hritiln." under-
report the true conditions ot the > pound workers,
mines, that one if not both of these |
disasters would have been avoided, f Miners' Federation ef Ureal Britain,
if the effort* oi the true men hud j iun Aahton Old Hoad,
bt-«n accomplished IU re Is no dortit.i Manchester, Mny 21, H'lT.
itifcleioiv, Im* *X 1»»)»«»*»«!U, "liu,-. ->■>»*> i l*enr Hir,—i nave received vour let-
ci'tideniii ihe members of lh« niiiu'ig, wr of May fith, and am today «etiding
department from the bottom up asi vou n pi reel eonttinlng the Ad* of
here having joined.     Theso, It is said,
amount t<» t'l",otw.
I hope that trade will improve In
yonr district and that the men will get
better  working  time  and  increased
Mr. W.
Yours truly,
L. Phillips. Ilos SOI.
Ferule, ll.C.
men unworthy and uniu ior the porl
tions they now occupy. AUo our
heartfelt sympathy «nd condolence
to th■• icli'lvc ar.d frlendt or ih<?
men tha: have lost their live*, <H;«+
fighting for months to amend the
conditions ot which they have tmt
their dealhs."
The  Odd   Fellows   and   Rebekahs j
headed by the band, visited the tcme
tery and carried out their annual IH*
('oration !my nerv-tcea.
—, »—»— ! Act-lew l*r l«de»wi*lty in t*e Prevl-n-te' tlr\'.
Air. and Mrs. W. R. Wilson wish to;    ef Quebec under the Workmen's    Utnw
thank all who assisted in any way at f Compensation Aet of the
V.,t S.'„.;.tt tm the "-ilia it* x'.t,: :*it,V.iu* i Pre-ylftte «f Alberta
df«t Church on Son* 3r<t* at«o Trite*--    A workmen In fhe emp'oy of th«> de
Wood Co. for loan of disbe* j teiitkm «m»j*it»», -nh'ile a; *urk in tin
„— ,„,.,..,„™  j ivovinc"** of Alberts. wa» lulled, and
hi* dependent motli<r, llvln-s in jtae
Parliament you mention and one or
two others.
Ven will find in the pircel n bonk*
r;;»tainlnu -he Mluiniu-m Wage Act*,
and alio ihe District Rule* under that
Act which have been arrived i»i wnd
are now being worked under Sn tst*
differed ili*lrtct«. nnd «!■*« the minimum TJiti'* f!i*d for all fla*»e» <>f
w'Mi'kiiieii in Il.e dlffiriiit .li»ir;.N
'hrotmhoiit (treat lliiialn.
Tt'f <nrt1  mlnifii? tndiiMrv In «'>r< •?
!-  ut;   b»>'>   *,'.   t'i'
In  the f'row'i Vest
T,engue,  on  Saturday
Pans Foothill
evening, Codl! den. sued llie company uuder the W->ik  eni.i.iiliu ,',i»:i,*,t
Creek team defeated the F»ml« team !»nen"« Com pen *«♦ Ion Aet of the I'm-
S»y h score ot three to oil. j %lnet» ot liwelw*.     Via* plaintiff •»«?*■
aid h»* »»ei-n »r> for mnt*' month*
f*n*l ti<"»», iiii'l I' l« like?*- to f-onttrm**
»<• ij.iiuiK lti«- «,t;       i-nr *  tumult »t
t"V>   'lftef   '?!*'   ' 1t».!t:' '. '■ •'".:   ''    ''*     ' ■'
**.tr ju-writi > oitM i* * in •>i«i! Hn * ii,
bul   more <'*twr',*il>   \<iri'><iMi!i< rUi d
.■uxl   Fif-.-•*-),,r-    >Sni! ,n !i.   a' ' '■    .r-
Thirty-five Were Successful at the tte-
cent E*»m**»tior»
NANAIMO, June 7,~Th*P tasrd.. of
examiner* for coal mine officialt havu
ann-itut'.i-ed the restitts of evaniluatlons
'.i.iti m, \u, ii. u. ai.4 ;.; m r^Diti-
mo, Merrit, Fertile and Cumberland
The pernonnel of the board !•* a*
fallow»; Thwiin* It. tftofketi. Na»*J-
mf*, eintirm-tn* Andr-ft* Thont*«n. Sa
fiimo.   » <•-cli-jirman.     Tully   Hojee
* ,1. i,:»,.i.  rl   lilit..,   7 I, .i.;ij.-i i'li'l.tAIti,
Vlrtor.i: An.iren Hrydni. MeitStl, an.!
Mir, it*  -tVnifie'il  nl  t'n-y.  I'-eek.  III'.
'.     " ' ',',   ••.»,,      ...     I.. i  V  t   t    t'h    t\»-
b(i:ird i ;(ti;it<"i by Hie .tbt»-'.«e tfom ihf
jirf.v Ifiie !■*  II    C    Ml-ir t
led that lb* d#Iev In brlnelnt her ac
a oawtita) nerving xttt rcium i.«wni nou ma* nae xm net atm-eme ttvw mr
I       ro %   * *r% *ta* t    * *»^ 1 * * i'' ,    , * i ■ ' '   ■     ' i
i':   T*,(i\.i*<    TVitnl    Mil    ,i    ■ an,.*   , '    ,i:..i     .    *    V. ■   iV     i  i     .
■mon' of tlie pI'h iiyilv nor'i'nr    -ilmuf
two d.iys t>er week. »r-d >ofii<   le«». ntid
9rt***t*   9tr,*t**t*tt   ^l»ft»,-«*ll*»*'       lift**,-!/-'    I
l.nnk that e*er> t«li»er> t.i»» i» »-vk-
Ing eoneert In tbe rirand Theatre, at  tnt Itiformt-itim*.  rrvsrdlnir her «on'K   ...' -i, .»1(.v ., ,(,,., «,.,., .,., r \
which a large number attended and a j death. jl.^Nr ihan they are at the j.rrurt
xt-rf taJtojUiM*' IBM* *'■** -spent. I    IU* G>*m Ibe!I thai tbt -Jut.oo »*u j,i„..
{properly brentht In the Province of J    The price of food ha* gore up In thh
:»<■) 'o ;', :n-r '«-m »'n"
«.(»!»     )*     Hhll,|t     H.Ul     ill'
Fr-r.  . T\>    '.•■*    .'
•'..'I       •  -    >»   .» '   '.' HO1**
Pir-I   >;<•*    William  I.i
'm *   'l( ■ *. • -I  •'..».   V *.:■ '.■
Ui,,.,.  M» 11 It,  I..- ..ii
tile    Fr.i'i!,  I.n'h *. C'Imi'h
tXt*ft,ml    r';i»»    Ihidl, v
..*,<»,.-,•   »'♦,»»,►,»   l-ii^V-.--   ..
Aifrc I <>4'tii<t. \4H4iti.i.   lo.i
foi' I'nefc.
(.(tiilie;il   m
t'.il  (.-...
',*«■!,   Nanai-
,   TiiDiyj'
(...,-).i<  Wr
,>,, i
vi:.hei    \a*
boral right Into'»a and pot «•i«at of     |t u nn(J<rl1ltow, (hst in«metlensfq«ebee bwanse the piaimitrs #on hirii,.,m,<n fr.m ?
our misery.     Yet not on* tn-eii »i« !.,,.,,.„, „....,,„,t„ *,,„.„ .^fi,*,*! %„„. i,'w„ ..tr*,.**,, ,»,r,     ►■■!,.,. --,■» , - « .
*■***> amtmm ******** mm *m»*a u»w * am*,
tayiag tbe+e. Ono offieor reckoned
there moat bate apont tli to eeven
tboossnd abells on as In the sis or
eeveii boors- we held that tine. Fm
glad now no otber «h*!i did bit me.
.... I wounder wbat a man wonld
do wttboot tho It. A. A, t\. Tb#r aro
at ik*I^* woatoat p*vp\* In tht* aotW
O*   IO* I Mit9*9^t   mmM   HhAtljkMi    t.mA   m%l.mtWitt*
1. Ul-
the effect that ttt fferbtaa mbjeeta or
military ago moat renin* to their oa- bailness in tb« city of Montreal and
tlve land forthwith, lo tak* op arms
tn Ibe service of tbeir country
Cbariee Andrews, late of UV«t Femle,
waa recently fooad dead lo Olympia.
Wa»b*. wb*r* h* bnn h***n Ifrtnt tor
la gotaa to imppiy Uw momo of ttwI^S-S'TyUSST l'|J"Lii,i^*"irfl two >*»» m*.     C#rot»r« tmtnmnt
mmmttroyrSonmmtnnm to tl^l?^"",»««*; *%^*%!t%\hrmm io a verdict of ooMdo.  •
ttimntetl   I know Ibat M • po«te> j^, tM1|,a mi piherwlne.     Tb* col
oaot koto la o «troat apeclallat and as
eompanr having It* principal place of *hv. • J>m! obta!r.ed. tl-rouab the var'
owlry everyooa olio boa worked lo tlmt
mine baa tko rlebt to give evidence If
ko oo bOmPm, kot again tb* oeeotloo
<tf vtetlaattotioK te nmfraittoi tb*
miners snd T tbbU rery nroch tf sny
mon ottl nppmt ooittm ko la vspoean
hnrmn 4mlmlmmmmimnn*t^nmml .Al^nn ".tmrtma  al
bt honeity and falrdeaung into tte tbe tren to glto tltM names to lhe' found the Ki
redoced the Indemnltr from f l.»wt. the
«um demanded, to KWO. be*t-sn*e the
nw titer mm not wholly dependent »(»«
tbe eotRings ef ber son. <Damme Ma-
tlifda Jobansdotier v. The Canadian
l^ieit'i* ttnllwnr t*ommer i
Kbmt, UM Monday «!«ht the fir*
t*-n rung t —I ..lire wtn, en* nny
doubt an to the taitienre aud approii
mat* lore tion   «os dispelled by the
n it 11 tiHtSttttve bttaril* and tiMIre
*c*\t* committee*, alter a ton* is"»
M'i:i, mdvanres In wat** varying from
■>U {mr rent tm the «ur»*art mw* n
ir.'. jkt fen* nn Ihe pretent ware*
now \,a\4 Tbls advanee It ron«H*r
f.f 'o *tf it t'lrffi* M rn-ie" fi.- i*yffi
it*, o. \i*,nn mmne*ie*ent apon tb*-
m-\r The teltlnr price* o* rrnnl hsve
rnne i 3 verv mari, b'-Jl Ibe nwro-ey Inr
t*a.*. iiT.t-t*. 4m*a not ye' appear 11
t«ie a-**' nan*,**' h*el*. ae4 the t<!
uii* tbat    «e    Pat* otftamed  wi,i
i.-'i: I! .' ••', r5 IV
Jame* W*ir, Uornti. U'JI^m Wd'her.
« vf*i,l.. Jt»t*,,U l|-4#<.iu, Mt, Hat, 4ntlt**m
T.»)li>r. Fertili-. Frank LuiU r, C«al
cmi> Vur!ii-i*i >V li'iV, I'.iui'.H-rland
« ■«■*.-«,
mo; ttm.iiii m..»n, N.'«i,^Iu.hi, Imnme*
XirXf.fkn, Viejtmo J»tr.*f-* It Itrowe.
v»e.c.iio tS«v»f»e Prv'er. Van-tlmo;
I it,*) ltt-^n, Ktt*ilirf>: H<*i-*n Kwln*.
I^t4<«mlfh' John Mel>mt, I^i4v*mtth:
ftoh«>rt WHsmi. !»t*t)sniifn; ftatmtel
I,a«<*on. I,*4; smith; J nrt)** Otrm.no,
t ,.f. .,.'rh r .ti-i n ..' r .
I tampan. Kettiie. It4cbard H
F,-rtvt»-    11* t**.-ti p»r»f,«.   T»-*
*i-V*VV   t'tf**'* Vn-tX      f-*-
"..     Inl't*
S2f **. **"£ *L* -1*!? *±2£./?*?:   Two Mddfes oow Ulhtm. nbom mm* 1 mate wfcia afcot«o 1 torn «wt Peroie ,
mm Ofm m, — rmm tm wowemnm ^   #JMM| m0 ^ |tetw   #^ ^^ ^1^ inrmN| «H| to he a *««»*• twdongla*  m*rr* Inm *h« nelttng prt--e«, ervt It U
taPOP. .- - -m -- _--.»• — ... .... .9.9-        ••*».- . ...       .. ... .. .
aitttafattottvo policy of yoor govero-
monl, oow, more than ever, Is tbe
time to sbow whether or net yoo sto
Pap '  ^uu|^auu|dft
Tp t« Mt k ku bota   words.
^^jj^^^A A  ak   AAAttL^N^btAtbt   ^^h   ^At^tm • HAAbU
mRVT I   00mA  WWmopA&mw   **^»   mtmmt  Wl
knew the names of ibe men who work-
*t lo tbeeo places, bort I oreoosao ft
wtn bo tbeeompooy's efftelals tod tko
Inspectors of mloeo that win topjAy
tkt osmes
Kaiser gollly of mnrder."
At.   Wkoo • llko dlstiotefc lo ako**
by tbo eonvfftbm of fboso rwnwnslMe
tot mw siHiiir aPiniVT* uiBiimw wm
Ike ItdMtftal fWd tkore win bo mor*
tort* ki tko talk ofeeet -f!n*«l«* for
tke kooefK of komtoW?"
Cociimont. KJtf* Reter*. Cemberlawd.
The   N>»   V-ort  fell,  the  *wi»h»»
  . ditlv. i!tho«gh it hi* «att#r*rfifi<*il tW
gof better, said fo tbe Other, ToflTlft© J. W. Cray, proprietor of the Ptiion not until ibe «-mn« iitUt** ar*- Iticiea* many »i-.-i-^u.^*. ttt* 14**1 to tb* 4-m-
be mntmg IhtmA ■"(&""" ItfiJIwi Jto.\Mtenm IPOOtry, a'-*".*.*--! os '-j**' «4 *>ur at*4 ahrn.' aha' m.l totar ik* (*nJ*r* t*f U'mw * intKr*-*".*. nwMitlf
• -ty 4m*t ri** tf I 4m* *Ppt rm 1 north *I4* mt ihm « V trtttr nm** the -i,*,***.* *«,*,» ■?,* *.*,*■ »n- ft,-',,"* Ui;i;n.. ^'.-....iL. u./.. *•—-». -.*-..: ..
weald tf yan had U»«» at bo*! a* I did." JMcfcjard Tic' Fire Tlrljudc aa«:-Uit *« ,*u **k f«r **v*, Ur.hat -4 «ult c«mw« strtwo It ban ntoopmO
•oya tko receotty rotod, ood tko* srltk i ksodleapfted owloc to tk# faH that tb* t**et+ In ware* vmnrsd f tome of the ,iW«'S-* and mrnt
« nerUtim etpre#*fon ot fit* tne* s.hHI. fire wnn outside of fhe eity limits and I nt, *nm m h<-tr »*i--»* *'•<- niii tn. ri-'uT-ii mutj -inter-t ov. the Anaeriejtn
«1 IN tko Oonms WMOte* " "Vtbf.mi*t eootld*wi»de dlwanw froos tH* n*ar- «t«t»»r u im p«n«'*»i«g «- )•»«- W« #**(iSs**al«, M w»i M a *•»« ot aruet*
reoMrke So, t, t imt manr. them: if lent hydrant. Tk* deatroctioo was.trkt. I *jnd#f»*.sft4 tbat a tart* Rata- wko rank with tke k*«t. We trtstt tt
1 bave any 111 kaie tk* "-fSogtlsfe" complete.     Tk* lo**. we b*llev*, ISjWr eX te*** tmm yoar d.ntrttt bave r«iittna*il twt*nm to Its mlsefon of e*-
*nr*r*4 ky Iwwrsoe*.
(Joined the '.yrtr-t,, «d ! max %\y that,v,^.t»»,m-»*i.*
Ul& M&tnz't £t&%&r
Published every Thursday evening at itt, office,
o *
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B.C. Subscription: $1.00
per year, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention,
address all communications to the District Ledger,
Telephone No. 48      'Post Office Box No. 380
, Although considerable divergences ol: opinion
•are held and have been loudly oro chimed during
the stirring times of the past few days, we ,i.v
,]-leased indeed to note lhat orderliness and general
spirit'of give and take have prevailed, and it is
earnestly to, be hoped that'no untoward event may
mar the proceedings ..which have been deemed necessary to pursue by the, internment of those among
v>lioin there are many who have been long residents
of the community, and whose conduct, has been
AVe realize tliat the situation is complex and delicate; and do most sincerely trust that ■events may
.soon shape themselves whereby the present  dis-.
.agreeable conditions may be changed and a return
to normality .ensue.
The widespread agilation touching .the Drink
1'roblein seems to bn vo created n very distorted
perspective in hoth the pros and the antis. The
former have proclaimed both loud and lout? that it
ii their zeal on behalf of morality that is actuating
tliem, whereas at the back of both ernsa'des. if a
thorough investigation be made, we make bold 1o
state that material interests are very dominating
factors. The claim that it is from a moral standpoint they fight against the liquor traffic is not
siihstantiatod by those individuals who in their
partisan fervor do not hesitate to suppress part of
thc truth and only give utterance to that portion
which suits their purposes.
The abolition of the distillation of vodka by the
liussian government has been lauded as evidence
til" n moral wave sweeping over the domain of tlie
C'xnr. whilst ignoring most conveniently the many
proofs that the deep-seated tyranny of the past has
undergone modifications so slight in tho treatment
<if the subjects of tlie "Little Father" as to render
them almost imperceptible. Whnt little easement
of the yoke that has boen made to the Poles, .lews,
Finns and others is not due to nny "moral uplift"
but. is resultant from wnr's exigencies. To judge
by tho remarks of ninny zealots the total abslain-
enee eampnigii one might reach the conclusion lhat
vodka was the only intoxicating liquor indulged in
by the Ituss, and with its abolition the whole nut ion
had been transformed into a non-nleoholic country.
Tlie elimination of vodka removes the strongest
spirituous liquor from tho list of Russia's alcoliolie
beverages, but the wealthier clnsses still have a
plentiful supply of vinuons nnd mnlt liquors where-
wilh to tickle their epicurean tnsten. These the
j.'ivhI bulk uf the subjects of the Muscovite government eatinnl a fiord lo indulge in, and iin vodka iv
or was. the liquid exhilirator of the lower classes
during times of peace, now thnt wnr is in progress
in order that his vision may not be blurred, wheu
performing his soldier functiou, he is deprived of
the intoxicant This is the truthful reason and
imi nny love of morality.
In like manner when diseussing the question of
the French alminihe, may of the prohs arc stronger
• in invective than mh information nnd. in their fer
vor endeavor io creak' lhe impression tliat llie Oalllc
5Milb«!i if* a who!*, indulge in Ibe juiee **t the wormwood, mid then point lo ils prohibition ns iii«li<nliv<*
nf ii complete transformation from indiilgene.' in
n vicious habit to thnt of total ttUnUnciiee This is
« fi»!«e. ileeeilfiil mid humoral presentation known
lo everybody who has ever lived in France or associated with the natives of that country the drinking of light wines (and some heavy ones), as an adjunct to the daily meal, is as commonplace as is
the sipping of black tea in the home of the average
Recently a temperance orator, who prefixes
'"rev-" to his name, said: "If the British should be
defeated in tliis war it may be justly laid at the door
of their beer guzzling proclivities." This may
sound very eloquent when uttered with the accompanying gesticulations, bill when viewed in the calm
light of reason its logic is, to say the least, somewhat off balance. In the attempt lo escape -Scylla
he bumps up with a hard crash against the rock of
Charybidis. If Britain should be defeated because of indulgence in beer, how would he explain
away the Germanic victory, as the Teuton's consumption of John Barleycorn is proverbial?
The.argument that if all men spent less money
for liquors they would have more to spend for other
and more beneficial, purposes, sounds well superficially, but is not borne out by the facts of the case.
If it Avere not so and the above argument were
sound then Ave. might expect that the Chinese,' avIio
are most temperate people, would be in the enjoyment of a much higher standing of living than obtains among the Caucasian race.
AVages and cost of living liave a close affinity.
K you can live for less then you can work for less,
is the guiding principle of Capitalism's henchmen.
Drink is not the only cause of poverty, nor is
poverty the only effect, of drink,
o Tiie ardent Prohibitionist 'of times becomes so intoxicated with the one idea that lie becomes mentally befogged and whilst preaching "temperance"
assumes a most intemperate attitude.
A little more tolerance and a closer adherence to
the truth and the whole truth would be far more
effective in its results than the too frequent attitude assumed of he ends justified the means in the
discussion of all topics.
So much for the Prohibition side of the story- "We
will now take a glimpse into the other camp.
The distillers will point to the men of magnificent
physique and marvellous longevity found in Scotland among those avIio have indulged in tlieir "avcc
drappie" as long as they ean remember. This lie
advances as an argument that it is not the pure
liquor that is injurious of itself, because if it Aveve
so then tlie effect upon thc physical and intellectual
status of such individuals as those alluded to Avould
be impaired.
The distiller if confronted with the assertion tliat
iL has worked au injury iu a known ease usually
tied out without th,e slightest display
of animus from any source, and both
rhe interned and those supervising the
internment are to be congratulated on
the way tliey have acted their several
Thp Lethbridge Detention Camp, we
understand, contains its full capacity,
Vernon likewise, therefore the local
authorities have wired both Victoria
and Ottawa that -Morrissey be selected
as the detection camp for these men.
It offers excellent advantages; the
location is the best, t-here is an adequate supply of piiVd'.water easily obtainable, and all' iu all, is ideally
suited to the purpose.'
Provincial P.-c. Hughes of Michel,
with special deputies AVelsh, »MoRae
and .Maclean, brought in 75 more alien
enemies into Pernie for internment,
milking a total of 196, which will be
further increased-probably by 100 tomorrow (Friday)., So far as we have
been able to learn there are less than
half-a-dozen German subjects among
the internes, the remainder acknow-
ledge the Emperor of Austria as their
Esther 'Lodge of Rebekahs gave an
ice cream social on Wednesday afternoon to the departing 54th and presented each man with a "housewife."
Presentations were likewise made by
N. E. Suddaby and others. ' Judge
Thompson delivered an address. Miss
Phyllis Hughes and others entertained
with song and the Carrie Orchestra
supplied  the instrumental musk.
■Mrs. Harry Martin, who .has been an
inmate of City Hospital, is now sufficiently recovered to return home.
Sergt. .Major Garvin, of the R.N.W.
M.P., MoLeod, spent Saturday in the
city. He returned this evening, after
taking over from the custody of the
Provincial Police, a German and hia
wife, who -are now prisoners of Avar,
aud will be taken to the internment
camp at Lethbridge. The male prisoner had managed to evade the -immediate officials, which fact only developed when the wife attempted to gain
admission to the United States, when
it came to light that the husband, who
until ■ recently had been a resident of
.Alberta, was in Bonner's Ferry, Idaho,
at which place he was promptly taken
ln charge by' the American Immigration officials and brought back and
handed orer to the Canadian authorities.
Tuesday night the members of Elk
Lodge. A1. P. and A. <M., made a presentation of a masonic ring to their departing brother, Kenneth Corsan. YA
few hours after Dr. Corsan received a
private message that his other son,
Thomas, who went from Victoria with
the second contingent, had been
wounded in action. The nature of his
injuries is not stated, but it is both
surmised and. hoped they are slight.
Make a Corner
Collect the Cushion
Cover Coupons with
every CljicUi Package
A   Good   Bargain  in
En amel Ware, See
our window' for prices
Classified Ads,-Cent a Word
RIDERS WANTED as agents for our
high grade bicycles. Write for low
WORKS/VICTORIA, B,C. ..  ..  ..  .*.;
Thomas Harden, a. resident of, this
city, of whom report was made that
he had been charged with crime in
connection with certain burglaries recently, was inaccurate insofar as he
last year's hens for sale. Apply, P..
Kennedy, McPherson Ave, Femle,
, TO RENT—Comfortable two-roomed
Shack; close to town. Apply, A. G.
Burns, 8, Dalton Ave.
TO RENT—Two rooms suitably fur-
was not charged with' the commission  nlshed ,for housekeeping jJurpo?es. All
of the crime, but owing to the number l!?"Vo?le™es;   Rent  moiler*te-     AP
of small crimes of that nature that
have been committed, he unfortunately
was arrested on suspicion and detained for four hours, during wliich time
search was made of his -home,' and
three other places, with the result
that there was no evidence whatsoever
discovered, and.iMr. Harden was liberated, with the information given by
the Chief of Police that he was at perfect liberty to go. Mr. Harden is an
old time resident of this city and has
always born a splendid character, and
in this instance there was no evidence
in any wise to conneci lilm with the
commission of the crime.
"Rough on Rats" clears out Rats,
Mice, etc. Don't die in the House. 15c.
and 25c. at Drug and Country Stores.
ply, 346, Victoria Avenue..
Gates, Pernie, B. C.   '
BUGGY FOR SALE—In good condition; cheap. Apply 80, Dalton Avenue
(cor. Jaffray St.) '
Simpson, 12 Howland Avenue.   ;
Auction at the Robbin's Garage, Blairmore. On 1912 Model E, M. P. in good
running order. Tires as good as new.
Sale at 3 o'clock sharp Wednesday,
June 16th, 1915. Car can be examined
any time at the Robbins Garage.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Macdonald's, 95 Howland Ave.
prodigal u.sc ol' uii.vliiing, either liquid or solid, i.s
injurious; Second, that il! moderate indulgence in
liquor has had a bad effect then it is not, the liquor
(.per se) Imt what, has been injected into it after it
has left llie distillery whereby the percentage of
profit may be increased.
Talk lo llu; retail purveyor of liquors and he may
acknowledge, that he is not particularly in love with
the business, bill it is the profit in it that attruets
him. Talk to him about fusel oil, white wheat,
logwood chips, etc., and you may find,that he in
well informed upon the use of these nnd other adulterants, Of course he knows that such admixtures are injurious lo health and contrary to law.
hut, provided he can escape detection, his greed for
profit overcomes his scruples. That wrnl 1'KO-
FIT tells its own story. Reduce it to a minimum,
ITcvont adulteration, and fancy bar fixtures will
he sold at n discount and free lunches disappear,
but just so long as huge profits nre derivable from
the sale of liquor there will he men engage in the
li'afj'ii' either openly or secrelly.
In conclusion, we would -say: Ite prudent in your
converse, ami temperate in your judgment- Bnsie-
nlly this drink problem is one tlint will only lie
satisfactorily settled when all iuiuikiii.il inn live
sane, nnt lira I lives; when degrading poverty al one
iini of the social scale nml a superabundant jgiiiety
nt the other have been eliminated, and every human luting cnn enjoy the benefit* of a real eiviliai-
lion which includes n sufficiency of nutritious food
both menial and physical, pleasurable, healthful
and useful exercise, These, however, are unalinin-
alile under the existinu' regime, hence In neenttiplhlt
Iho end desired we are working for the addition of
fhe profit system, the fonsuimnntion of which *iw»U*
Ihe solution to the Drink Problem and the many
oilier social ills which man is heir to.
T«» the HiUUtr. INstrirt l^4<*#r,
Dear  Mr,—Vou  »r<«l   your  n ni«rs
niii',.* J   ' **   iy.ii.tti   ««■ i*b   •«   vty*4   4rt*
IO U'll
#iit»l»or.nr* of mich, when at penre or
wt with ttie waiters    The latter h<»
Jtfirt n pretti IIMn-st for, tie-ntu*** ft" on*
|iri*it**l<nlb  f«»l  by ilit-m    with    fine.
»uo<l bou*t<», nilli Mimetlme* a Utile
nwti left on io v*ep him In nood enp-
, .,   tlUlnn       \t,ti   Ub   mv'   wouldn't   b*
"tb'f <Ki* ii'ory that I am -joint' bowl tnd bark when thow> who fed
o'l nt !* :i it or wj*h point* and him tbett* itUi- mofi»li, "*lftn1' him on.
■' ■-'    "   - *"M       ' -*'U***'it.', 1UU
»-.<iti«H>k«" of the "wood wind band" of
tltl* viiy. In fact, he would howl at
snj*hlrtfr and arenthtni British, and
ile* <ml<v ibin* id be dm* le to treat
liliu yelping, howliiiK, Mcowlm* dog at
ti public nuisance.
Yours*, ale.,
T. niCHia.
IVmnttmmP tram* fas* omel
it^S'r^r ^'a^ffSi^i^^^btattkBU «***
qmttile* -Wtert'ttt   »ltfwth*r to tb«;H<" had nett* to follow a rrowd on
unlit! tr*r,t .Ue *torv we rf»fl In mnnn-! tbem occasions ff-Urlk* time), bat be
r.1n*i nn-:t  «fhif»l hook*
point  '.ii  *!..» due thtt   I
nolle#.4IV> li i-'.-lw -i'-iM i. it'.* tow linn'rl. a t/wM, Ivy iMtWilR « liowl.lu.it, at.itv
and \«-.i»'.r* at all thing* that at* not, tVm from ilotni what thej had «»t oiil
* »i'   ,,,.,'<,   .i.,n   ,m t:,^.„>*x,t*l* aet**ln*  ix**v  lnrn*4  anil  **w' pwiranw Mmiltr to Ihol of «n Imml |
Mm** h*>»' *b*e th" mrion \* not «•«. msO* htmHim .l»rk, unit wan m«ktn« lor * ntf****,"** t****)*****, Mi**.* m*  **»* ->w
Horn* riitM  run »M.t mm nnd MtoijWm. I>n< Utt* tn* Ur* iu lha «>«m» of, l»"**>?*dMy.<T?J*^*,VL:r«llA'i"
 „«  »i„1i   "V*   •..,(    -i,   t* (Mnr  *Ki»»?fl   amm*  ni-i   ft.1.11   ***>U*t\.  \%4   *HMM..ffcilt   Hit *■**•*'•« Willi IM »»« Olll»r MB|NMIHM*U,
Mvsenitd them-soiftw for InisrniWMH.
with ihpm,
Hhorily »ft-rr I o'rioek ihe -Pro-rlo-Hil
r*9,tn*9t titMttm »»»>■■,»,».-tf 9V9i*vtttt.*t.a ***** *****
For Bil ie Rhodes, Lee Moran, Victoria Ford, Jack
Dillon and  Eddie   Lyons
These people have been "Putting Acrose" so much funny stuff
in Nestor Comedies lately that the Universal Co think they need
Friday, 11th at 7.30 & 9 p. m.
Uproarious Nestor Farce in 2 Reels
$15.00 In Cash Prizes
• $5.00
• $2.50
-   $1.00
1 Monday
Biff 6 Reel
1    lAHMme^g
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry doo-tft, arociritt, Boat* Md
fttioii, CNmts' rarcUblMi
Bur mi|iplM with tlw tml WIitM
I«i<|tinni And t%pntt
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft yow bill any item of lumber tio-
tound Just as we reiiresented.   Then
is uo hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you c«ut 8pruce we do Do-
Bend you hemlock. When you hu?
fi»t-claB8 lumber we don't Blip In •
lot of culls. Thuio who buy once froa
us always eome again. Those wbi
have not yet made our acquaintant*
are taking chances tbey wouldn't en
counter If tbey bought tbelr lumbet
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Uath, Shingles, Sssh not
Ooors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, anil Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—MoPhsrson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot .P.O. Box 88,
Phone 8S.
Garden Tools
Lawn Hose
Screen Doors
& Windows?
A Complete  Line  of
Paints,  Varnishes   &
Hardware  and  Furniture
'Phone 37
B. C.
Pull supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's breakfast.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phono 60 Wood Street
A. Macnell S. Banwell
Barristers,  Solicitors, Notirlss,  Ete.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton  Building Pernie, B. O.
F. C. Lawe.
Alsx. I. Fisher
Pernie, B. O.
worry ih»# th<ne» nn. w ran**. ttii»»f nan all off witb him. for If be ran tbty j E"****'*?, }K5rwl^^?iR5ri5*
»n (lv In th# air mt of rwh of siieh «nM raU* him. sort be wan all but! Jj"^.*' ^ft'JT!1 flfiliJ'f "ifw?
-t nrt. mh*** *k*»***b t*rm-i4-*mt*,\"li,y CblM or rouco Hfowit, were lept
Oott *r* a n«l*i««* to xb* t»«*»llr awl;«r «wit»w it may o*. e ontao ean * ^^.^*Jm l*Q^*^t '"*'*  *;'"*•v'""***-
Hon tkket* ol'
t» ibfir moern. tor It l» b%r4 to biwok, r1i« be »i>iwl. nn4 nentopereA lato It. 1 *™J£I**" ?iX
lb^m ot tbi» prartle*. »<nf <»»«• ««. m*Un poor "Jarir a j 1^**1*1^^71
Wftll th*   doa" tbtt I with to 4raw \ * .ifflog and Mrttln*.    II* l«ft off bowl- 2SJL. jSS .-
,s lot a 1o»r tlmo; hi- mutt hove hs<l
t« uerv* >balu>R tbst time.
Thj« Sneh InrVfd and bowled whim,
0-bilr   **1 in rbt* t»n*f»V>fi b* 1i*ob*t" ""Ait'*r nrnw*m*m mme
'ettnt aliens ud
"VW***' ■ In*'***"
,.. trtit fimi OMd Omk
io%\'mir"*ymUnu' I'isa'v*'lTno*ii"for! Jug for alongtTino; he mutV barpliad ^"^L^fJ^yjiSS^If^lJfii
m»»v yMr«.     I firat nam bin la a hi* mn* *ba!wo tbst Unit. ISSSL55LT     il  ~?.t~?~..,JS^
ynrJnv ^»ot»  ««t «l» In an fdltora^    Thi« Sneh btrk«d and bowled wla^m tf^fiff-,. r.USw mSLTh fC
t-hair »"'? in »h»« rtmlfor, b* 1i*f4t*4:'--"">i,-*r e*w*tmmt ram* fn town, •»di,,,*, fr*o» to a-wt-vniei ****** «» »••
t«y lfi:elil««fct I max My lu tfeows m :,rly bowIM fcimsrll wit ol *«•«♦"-.^'l^lft!ifcj J„i 2Lm**-Z*rJ*lmm*
«^ I* 4i4ni ***4 Myfktat. **n is-iWHi. b* en tt*.Int iM * ■^I»J?1,85Sim2 SSSSm TtbS*
r^n it* tht,'. «■»*•» at tkat Um*.     Well,>t< lilm lm a imt, lime.   And again be, 5™^7' \^. .
thin a** air-irtt mm m %*if tmMf be«1e«i and boAtot at tbt otbw pfcMiw'   top ppfb otomwAtAmb totAAd^
t-hitt 3 •«»>!!«" nt* m) mU)4 it* **uh him't-ti-**-. wn;*! it^t* aann't tommb in M Xb* m*n mmmt bomo imthmmamap
xn vi m« *'At*. »mm* 4m* bnt* n tor ib*. i«»w,a§ pWure* «*» atwt -ftet.; ff"»* oh***, nftor wn»»iww» mmt
dimity for (Ti'mw a»4 hxt* t*ntm! no m* hot to po    Waa It H*bt m, i a******* by «*• wlfcwttle^ yipmomo
*1n'  ■-,, •»: .'.'#■     Tf.'** &rtn wan dff-*"-V    Tl* mmm tlmt not tb**, *fH#f a IM    •suae' ifnd» m mm fatboiti tm	
tae»n* *,*,* ».* h**.* AMfha* n*4 I win i -rwv i%* 4em 1#^1 aad 1^1 mnny oiler nether tnttm faabWwi ••< tMaMwi *■ "***
fem* i -sit* itt iny -imaXptwoilnnr: *♦•♦— *^"»T o*m* bowl ei *xx iMmte mntto mA ^t^«jM«i,w
S*ti^* -^m n* I m alow W «f botAn. tlilt dot booln only at a motm, me**aHy Imt^AAmmtm W
-y,,ty ',,r thai was »b* doe'* in»i»*i^ntM \**r.l mil I'm »fraM be wmVld ,r"t«* A **«e*ni rwmai or TipPf
bad * -t.llh* tor mr amahnawtloM lM«ri if tbla Wariac btnm bund wet* b*arto4»#»s ^rutaUed, te t»«l. tbe «a»
y»^.«Si.»iw*tf«l«^i!StiIj^ •«*  !*•  ^bmw^ptm^mon.mtiithimbtimmt'*
i it*.
List of Locals District 18
iSoum ban, **4 t', m; A********
ttotMwad *". Wbeatlejr, UaafcbeM. Alt*.
Dear*! 0ml ..J. Lc**binii*. Dt*'i« Qttib. tto.fttcker. AHa.
Belk«u« ....Jnmm Oorke. Boi tt, DeUenie, AIU.
Matrmtn*  tt'ai Jxpnbm. Uialraaorm. Alls
Kvrmts..;, ,,«»»'*«T»"tt, Marwee, Hoaeows,■ Alta
Cartdbdal*..........,,*t. HUebell, QsrawsMei CewnMB. Alta.
t%m*A^9mm^ -UlA^feMt   OtMmWmt*    M.m.^r—^^mm^     nWm
\mttiwn*.. *, * ,*..,,..,. m™mm^ ^*taa^a*. ..^ttaw^nm, aai.*
vole-nan................a, mtatmwtmmm* -iwmMMn, ntm.
tOomnn,.................. *Hw -Ualvilli,*vBsMA* DJC
Cbtnook Mibes...  P. Iwims,Cblwab Miaee.Cwsawue,Alt
Tttvtk * .Itm.ttytiitl.thnu.to,*?
m/^^^^ ta^^^ i^B^^^i^g^ |*-^^^^^   ■ tmM
vTalnl.  •••- ...••••••»•«»»■■ HfipHk rlWM* Mmm.
WXUxenir IUcL Mukt. ItHkseU, Uu
Imttmrttm............. A Foae-ocfc. ttm Id, LetbbHdatt. AMa.
pmomommtmonotg/m *•#»»••!••*»" **   **•*   » vmae-wmr^pp   w^^*^  *■»   ot^mwmimm mOQ/mt mOPPpmrn
ummto t*wtttm...JAAA* AotAomo^Qoomom AtA,
lllf-i ihmmhii •■ Wii O.  ffBff'iP^ WlmWNtVQln JmWm%
■M^^n^l   tt^tt-^A    ui-^mI;    *«|   mo
tmo    wAm^^t^*   mm^mtmu^^    mtbLm.
• \*. nm-mmWb WWmmmW^ mmk-
Wb&t***-.******.******&* PaCtorwn*H&$r9 iUSou
Waldorf Hotel
Mr§. S. Jenntngm Prop. L. A. MMt, Minigtr
Menu a Ia Cartt
Special Rate Bo*ru And Room by tbt week or month
flhft^^Mtfl'tt V*^ktt ay*^^|_ *BM|*idM|
508. A" fytnrit
~r*.9iin mi11 iiiiii»ii»nmiiim.m<M.-wiMii.*iami nPntmmtOPPJPMpmmAO
AmHom flu lii«
-»•*#<*• • • # •
\bfl   Bnitaa MVtet
.Son Bewsbtt. Kordctt. *\o bothy AottotniP
J3M00  *.ro<»td Ptart«idH«tt*Jdtttxl«.W^?«lc
WIOJOO t-rotmoA, mmm Wnm,mm%mfmktorn*. T«mi: llMeuh; mam » rwl.
WJOO.00 Twoftm»«i»lo»e0xll0, IbflwwM Af^ wnr
WoAmOkpt*.  ftttmi  pm OMh PlMMs WMMB
rkuuk-M     W       m .— .a^^— 0^^^m*Ott^^t**m   Ommmml^      tttwitb At
pmr.tw   o-ttmtPbn MffMni ptwmm.wlPWtmm wnn.   otoom oo
Tomt ptrt Pttmi tmHtim u mt.
ft*** two *ffmtt pwf«tf» a« Vletork Arnw   WID
* ni Bt IMl pfM e« omtf mm*.
mm L*muM,WUtkt,r*Ptipkm*m
^—      .      __ _ ^owommom'tBb
a\wLo JBU &A3 Jl CT Ek„A%
n        rsmrtc. m e
uneJH^tnitef^ K*» THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, :|No; 43, Vol. VIE.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ o ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ '♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ p*» ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ -*> p,p. p. p. pp ♦► p. m*** ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <♦ m. ♦ p*+p*+
<■ , . '■'■"■;"...!■..'.■*:      ■■■" '; # .,   ■ .   "\
News  of The  District Camps
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIAS ROGERS, Esq., Vlce-Prea.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase) Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,     ''
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
II It ft    3R1854
Home Bank Canada
Head Office, Toronto James Mason, General Manager
Branches and connections throughout Canada
There is an investment opportunity for every spare dollar
iu a savings account with tho Homo Bank of Canada.   Full
compound interest paid at highest bank rates. (
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
Are You Going to Europe?
See the Great Northern Agent. He ean arrange your rail
and steamship booking over any line you wish to travel
cheaply and quickly, l'lisscnger train for main line leaves
Fernie 10.H0 a.m. Passenger fnnn imiiii line arrives i).!K) a.m.
Train daily except Sundays. We connect with G.N.P.S.S.
boats, Great Northern anil Northern Pacific at Portland
andI San Francisco for the Fair.
" AVe solicit your KXPRKSS
nud FRKIOHT business to all
Express Delivery ln City Free
J. E. OOLE, Agent, Fernie
Box 438 Phone 161
(♦♦♦♦♦♦ V ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Saturday last was pay day up here.
The mines were idle until Monday
The mines were thrown idle Tuesday and Wednesday to bring about a
readjustment of differences between
Allies and Alien employees of the company.
Provincial 'Constable Boardman, with
special policemen Branch and Atkinson rounded up the Austrians and Germans of this camp on Wednesday, removing 28 of them to Fernie for further orders.
Born—To Mr. and .Mrs. Thos. Wilson
of Coyote  Street, a daughter.   All's
Grand Benefit Concert at the Creek
Once again the Amateur Dramatic
Society have responded to a call for
assistance, and the concert held under
their auspices on Wednesday evening
was of the usual high standard for
which they are famous. The present
strenuous times we are passing
through probably was responsible for
several absentees who would liked to
have been present. The superintendent of the mine in a very neat and
appreciative manner.touched upon the
good work of the society, also men-
tioning the fact of the "amateurs"
being In debt, and in order to place
themselves in a state of solvency had
decided to run a concert in the near
future. He added that he hoped the
residents would rally round and help
to keep them in existence. It may
be stated right here that the members
of. the society hope the super's remarks fell upon fruitful soil and result in even higher appreciation and
support in the future. The feature of
the evening was a flag.drill very ably
executed by 32 school girls, which drew
forth hearty applause Trom the audience, which appreciation, we trust, in
a measure repaid the energetic instructor. The opening chorus, '•.Comrades
fn Arms," by the en'ire comp.iny, was
well rendered and received loud applause. iMessrs, MoMillan, Morrison,
Gaskill and Billsborough. received a
meed of applause for their efforts,
while Mrs. Birkett and W. R. Pinker
ivere the idols of the juventles in their
rendition of popular songs. "Mugzy,
the Messenger Boy,"-by Mrs. Percy »r,U
J. Hewitt, was well received, ana all
the characters in the closing farcv, "A
Kiss ln the Dark," was .veil portrayed
by Messrs, Percy and Markland, Mes-
dames Percy and Birkett. and .Mlsa
Newberry.—Special Correspondent
A party of .interesting youn# ladles
(and whon are they not so, Mr. Corres-
nnnripnl?l   vlgltml   tho ^»Ainp-ga±JijJ*nK,
and dilated rapturously upon ihe various spots of beauty and interest that
abound In this burg of ours. As
further evidence of their appreciation
it is understood that they will again
favor us with their presence.
Bob Spruston, Joe Spruston, Reginald Stacey and Andrew Matuskey
motored In from 'Michel on Sunday.
The club members are deeply Interested in a snap pitching handicap
which U taking place during this weok.
The prizes are as follows: 1st, beautiful watch fob, presented by Liphardt,
Pernie; 2nd brass smoking set, presented by D. P. McLean, Pernio;' 3rd
prise by committee.   '
Word was received up here Wednesday nleht that it had been decided at
a meeting of Gladstone Local held In
Fernie to resume work on Thursday
' The committee of the Amateur Dramatic Socloty, desire to thank A.
Blacker for his kind assistance In the
lighting of the stage and all wbo assisted In any way.
The names of the Italians who aided
In the search for the lost Corlett child
reported "unknown" tn our previous
lusue are, Nick Grendanette and V.
Conditions nround here stilt keep
the same. Tliu mino worked out' un<!
n hslf days last week and half a day
so fir this week,
Mr. nnd Mrs. A. Manning woro In
from tho homestead tho other dar and
roport that garden track looks fine—
after planting It twice. .
Mrs. W. Mulligan, of Medicine Hat.!
sore and blistered ? If
so, try ,#*m.-Buk. As
soon as Zftm-Buk is
applied it cools and
soothes injured, smarting skin and tissue.
Its rich, refined herbal essences penetrate
the skin; its antiseptic
properties prevent all
d tngejr of festering or
inflammation from
cuts' or sores; and its
healing essences build
up new healthy tissue.
For stings, sunburn, cuts,
burns, bruises, etc. just as
Mothers find it invaluable
for baby's sores.
All Dtuu'i!* ani Stem, 50c hot.
the Diamond team last week. The
Diamonds run tip a score somewhere in
the teens and Coalhurst didn't get
started yet. -Maybe they are waiting
for the famous catcher Fife to return
from N. S., or is it the boys are off
(heir play? Anyway, the lads from
DiamonQ City are too good at ,the bat
for Coalhurst. Better ask tliem to
play football or cricket next time..
Charlie Phillips is away to New Dayton for about a couple of weeks acting us assistant to Skeith Co.
The Social Club held a dance in the
Kipp Dance Hull on Saturday night.
A good time is reported, while the
new orchestra is voted first class.
Frank Boselcy and Charlie Burrows,
jr., two of the Bellevue men who joined the 13th Mounted Rifles, have vol-
for some little time, after the present j
month.     We were in receipt of a clr- I
cular from Carbondale seeking our co-j
operation in bringing before the government  of  the  country the  urgent. |
need of them taking steps \ to relieve j
the prevailing distress.     Seeing, however, that our efforts on previous occasions toye -met with so little success,
ot0- that  President Walters  of  the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada i
has been in attendance upon Premier
Borden recently and laid before iim
the exact conditions as they exist in
the Crow's Nest Pass, any effort of
ours along that line at present would
be futile.
Reports of committees brought from
the .Pit Committee the result of their
interview with the superintendent relative to the changes that have crept
into the new agreement, which in spite
of the assurance that there would be
no decrease In wagos, has materially
affected one piece of work to date.
With the object of finding out how
said changes were wrought, a special
meeting will be held this week to enable President Phillips to attend, as
he was unable to be present at our
meeting on*Sunday, The committee
further reported touching a matter
which, not having been finally dealt
with, is at present under consideration.
A dispute under the new board is
Considerable discussion took place
concerning the answer given the committee by the super, relative to the
sharing up of work. Various suggestions were offered as a solution, but
■the need of a Moses is still very evident.
I The report of the delegate to the
[meeting, to discuss the doctor question was deferred until our next meeting. The nomination for local officers for the next year were.as follows:
President, Brooks; Vice-President, to
be filled; Secretary-Treasurer, .Burke;
Pit Committee: Brooks, Burke, Ples-
satti, Rascavich; Finance Committee,
Levitt and A. Goodwin; Correspondent
to Ledger, "Invictus." The question
of-.trustees was left over until legal
advice is obtained, meeting adjourned at (5 p.m.
♦ *l
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦<►•«►«>♦♦♦<!>♦♦
The great photo play, Damon and
Pythias, was shown in the Opera
House on Thursday evening to a delighted and appreciative audience.
The first match under League ans-
"Frult-a-tlves" Keeps Young And Old
In Splendid Health
i. W. HAMMOND tne.
S$OTi.and, Ont., Aug. 25th. 1913
••Fruit-a-tives" are the only pill
manufactured, to my way of thinking.
They work completely, no griping
whatever, and one is plenty for any
ordinary person at a dose. My wife
wasa martyrto Constipation. We tried
everything on the calendar without
satisfaction, and spent large sums of
money until we happened on "Fruit-
a-tives", I cannot say too much in
their favor,
We have used them in the family for
about two years and we would not use
anything else as long as we can get
Their action is mild, and no distress
at all. I have recommended them to
many other people, and our whole
family uses,them1'.
Those who have been cured by "Fruit-
a-tives" are proud and happy to tell a
6ick or ailing friend about these won.
derfttl tablets made from fruit juices.
50c, a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
At all dealers or sent on receipt of price
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
Department of Agriculture,
Live Stock Brauch, Ottawa.
May 26tb, 1915
Dear Sir,—.The season is drawing
near when an increasingly large number of'bad and inferior eggs reach the
larger markets or are offered for sale
locally and It occurs to me that your
readers may be interested in the information given out by this Branch relative to the practice of candling eggs.
I am enclosing, therefore, a pamphlet
(Pamphlet No. 3, Poultry Division, revised edition) entitled, "The Candling
of Eggs," a copy of which we shall bo
pleased to furnish free to any of your
subscribers, together with one of the
candling appliances described therein.
The latter may be utilized either for
commercial purposes or for domestic
Your faithfully,
Live Stock Commissioner.
Directory of Fraternal
Meet every Wednesday evening at
8 o'clock in* K, P. Hall.
Noble Grand—J. PEARSON
Secretary--!. McNICHOLAS.
■Meet first and  third  Thursday
month, at 8 p.m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble Grand—A. BIGGS.
K. Secretary—SISTER PRICE.
Meet at  Aiello's  Hall  second  and
third Mondays in "each month.
Secretary—J. M. WOODS.
Box Gf>7, Fernie.
!    Meet every Tuesday at l.'Ml p.m
! K. P. Hall, Victoria Avenue.
! C. C—.J. COMBE,
! ■ K, of S.—D. J. BLACK,
■trateereu^ini"ieiriaBirBatiiraa>rT6r the
front.     We wish them a safe return, j opposed the local team.   A hard and
The committee appointed to handle; fast game throughout, although there
the relief have to date one hundred j was no scoring until a few minutes
and fifty-six members, members'wives'from the finish, when Frank secured
resident tn camp seventy, and children j two goals, thus winning the points,
one  hundred  and  seventy-eight,  who j    President   Phillips   and   Vlce-Presl-',
have applied for relief.   Now, with the ; dent Graham spent the week-end here, j
amount apportioned to this camp wc i The  former addressed  the Coleman -
slmll have to perform same stunt that i Local  at  their  meeting on  Sunday, I
was performed some years ago with i while the latter addressed Carbondale i
tbe five barley loaves and a few small [ Looal at their meeting. [
fishes if we are.to have any materlul ■    A special meeting of Local 20:13 was J
benefit from same. ; hf'ld in the Opera House on Monday
George Caravanah met with a slight, afternoon, the purpose being the np-
accident whilst following his occupa-|nolnMnent of a Committee to act in eon-
tion as a digger In No. 1 mino on'Junction with a committee from Car-
Tuesday. ! bond ale Local to investigate and ail-
Mr. Martin, who has been holding! minister the funds granted by the Dis-
down the barber's chair in Colo's Pool  trict Board for the relief of necessltl-
Hooni for some tlmo, finds It necea-■ ous case.   President Phillips was ;ire-
sary to seek pastures new.                . sent and addressed the wertlne, ex-
Bob Evans is representing tlio Meth-j plaining the attitude that the Hoard
odlst Sunday School at tho Alberta j Intended should be adopted in aliocat-
Methodlst Conference now In session! Intrthe grant,    Messrs. T. Badham, II.
nt Edmonton.                                    j ClfUs, \v. Fraser, J. Johnston, W. Hay-
Billy Newton had the misfortune toi som. T, Gushel and C. Dallo were ap-
Injure his oye while following his oc- j pointed to the committee.    .Members
* There Is moro Catarrh In tin? H-i-uon <>i the coe.ur>
than all otlif-r 'liSKtH-s put louetlur and uri llf the liikl
lew yc.ra w-js supixwecl to he Incurable, For a j.'i*ut '
limy yrars iloemrs pronoun-ml ll a lot-al -tllseiine and I
jjrcs(-ribe;l lix-il n-riH-illos, iliiI bv eo'.Mainly tailing |
to rare with Joi-il treat ment. pro ioiiiil-.nI It Incurable. .
Rcie-ice his prov-.-i C-itirrh to !>•■ a ro-iiitlltitlonal din j
p-ise. ntul thereto:,' nupiln-K eu'-stliutio-usl •riatim*nt !
llilt'K I'mri-lt Cure. mi"iif!<riiini< hv F ,!. 'Iin.rj j
ntnr.9     irtr.tr     nl^nr.     «t     tA7   °aV*i.i„h« i * '-'"- Toledo, Ohio, In the «-|y Co unltutln-.i1 cun> oc :
pices   took   place at the Athletic ; t!i*._iniriui iu, i^-«n^MWB»uy^»-<iwr»*-ti^w-t«-i-
Meets every Monday at 7.30 p.m., in
P. Hall.
Dictator—J. SWBEXEY.
Secretary—G. MOSBS.
140 Howland Ave.
Xifounus on 'Saturday lasl, when Prank ni™-* to » tMvwNii.  i» n<-i» (Unniv v* th- wood
rt-,i M,ffi,iii t.i|pff*(*f. of ihf- flVHtem.    Ther efT-r our
n,,,,...j ,|„.|*.,-*, for ti"\* <?■-<*» It fails to OTir-..
■W e>e--l-,rs ll-'U t' stlmo'iltlK
.* l-lrw !■". J. nilMlY It CO.. To'nlo, Ohio,
•Wl'l <> ■ P-T. - ■>!*,.   .    e.
Like Jl '.!,■» I* in '- 1' I's 'trcn eCpifo-l
Lady terrace Lodge, No. 224, meets
in the K. P. Hall second and fourth
Fridav of each month at 8 p.m.
W. "M.—'.Mrs. J. HROOKS,
Secretary—Mrs,  JAN'E  TIMMIN-Q8
rupatlon as a miner the other day
No. I Mine. {
One of our well-known cltlsfins, an.
ardent of Isaac Walton, found It lm-'
nosslble to wait for the onenlns of our
fishing season.     Result: Kl0.no os a;
coolpr for his enthusiasm. j
Owing to Ihe prevailing depression,
Mr. Kasluk, who took over the 41'
.Meat Market some months a so, has
found it necessary to close his busl>
itPHB. Messrs. Cyr and Smith, butchers of this town, will transfer their
stock io the aforesaid storo outing to
it affording greater facilities ror tbeir
Miss Morton, of Cot*man, li the
guwrt of Mrs. Robt. Kvaos.
Mr. Fred Wolstenholme, of iho Rose-
dale dairy, hsd « very valuable cow
killed on ihe C. I>. H, track.
One of our moat promising young
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation
Up-to-Date — Every
Excellent Cuisine.
In the  Pass.—
Convenience.-- -
J. A. OALLAN, Prop.
wishing their case brought before
s:ime are requested to hand In their
names to Secretary J, Johnston,
nom—June 4th, to Mr. and Mra. ,1,
Johnston, n son. ]
The International Coal Co.'s, mines
worked two days this wook aftor being,
lillo for thn iirpvioiiR len days, while j
Meflllllvary Coal Mines worked two!
i daya last week and two days this j
week so tar. I
j A. . Josenh. 1). Montgomery, .1. Ful-;
ilon have bid good-bye t<* Coleman In j
! the*, meantime, having Jolnod the 54th j
j Kootenays at Pernio with the Inten- j
I Ilon of paying Berlin a vl»!t in the
| near future, There are now about I.";
i Colemanltcs belonging to the filth nt j
Pernie, while about 21 Joined at Pincher Crook.
wa*  irMMtig ht.t diNtgMe?.  Mr a. X'ttuou ixmn tmeu iWMUlly, ott * lioiu*
llltglns, wife of the matter mechanic uuvlng expedition.
of this camp, last woek. Messrs.   Hart,   lluddart,
Was a great man. He
drank beer. Perhaps he
would ha v# been a greater
titan if he had not drunk
been but vou had better
take no chances.
\\'*t h.ni« had lots of rain of law
around ramp and there Is a tw«»ihll-
It? lhat tho cucumber crop may be
adtersoly #ffected. Oh. yon n-rdmi-
Mr. A. Dnwrtdae. of ihis rump, had
i Htehlrg of chickens tho other day
*tid thoro waa one lltllo Miow with
thro* linr«,     ||«> dl#d.
Mr. an* Mrs. J. While, or roslhurst
wero *t«tti«r Mr, and Mra. 3. Porto-
son fast wtpk.
Warne and lloldon wero candidates at
tho oxamliMtlon held at Frank for llrd
class cortlflcalos,
,%p -MfhlHitian of lhe manly art wa*
put up by two of our well-known clii
sens on Saturday,
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wc will rurnlsb your uoune trom cellar to garret and at bottom prices,   Call, write, phone or wire.   All ordors ftlvan
prompt attention.
K you art satisfied, tall cthtrs,   If not satisfied, ttll us.
The Lothbrldgo Miners' (land will
give a concert In Maim I'arts, North { „.
Lwthbrldgw, uu Sm..Uj liili lii»l.. at ■*"
*,30 p.m. A goo«! pro*r*m la bring*)**
arrang«*il   1>>    t|i»   conductor, Frank
Afi*r throo week's abmnco, par day i Um«*fc!d.
wis thrlro welcomed to iho fortunate j    The miners' Hand rommlttee mot on
po*«mor of a chock. Humlay la#t »nd drow »p rulM «w ko*-
Two of thr ihrw aona of Mr, Wm,; t.rj, i\)V iWW(|.
♦ ♦♦♦<
Ooodwin. wbo havo Joined tbo <oiara
»ml aro stalUm-Ml at thr bote** f'amp.
ir-stgarir. aro on a brirf »1«lt h*»«ir
] Also llob tltckttt.
I   tMoaaro. Phtllip-i. t'artCT and flraham
] net* I* ti*),'**.**.*' mt* oiiifial htt.iuv**
[In* w*eb
tb* H*v   V   T. VmH  will ocnvpy
Thr rli*  bav»' tiariwl work on Itir
Xnrth l.rthtir|i|(f«» ntncri r,.l\*ny, »h:<-h
ail! fi»d *■ mji.o),ii< .'il f«r a If* j«V!«»*f.
Thr mlmti hrrr aro «JII working
abort tlmr !hr»r diya a week. Xo .1
mttte ulir *,t last m-iteU.
S?e"ic IVrit.^k) «»5.t ou*. tiaitlitK i***.
*f*'k  mini  r-nm-  nornr   «ith  a  k«m><i
V,it- advomi' roiiMilfiu* atill prov*il
In thl* c»mp, Thr minr worbrd flro
days In Mny, nt lime of wrlttna,. ono
4nr in -ion*.
'tttftftt       -1**1.9^**9.       *9t*        ....-tr *   * *  ■
f wrro lelard together In m*trlmow<r on
'.,*fn*Ji,t, jinn*   ■»•*,. xn»  *,*.. 'M«iroi*,ot ttt* Mm ftfet-f* aaoattiMi mentmO mmai
WriuJii, nt Hi. ■ffpt'nn'a Ckm*eb. eith i*pptoxt4.   A ■mmmixtam ot anteti ra*
ttillnn.    h roroptlon at lb«» Ponlburot I npptAmt*4 to a<lapii»te*rr ihr roMrl out-
Vnmnxn*  ma* writ attends.     'Mark j pumloatwl ta Hrltrmr, a by no mmntl
toy ami hapt»tnr«s ia tk* •#«lyw#d«I#«»i»l»i# tatk, roMtdfrlag llw numliers
l« the wlah of all * «,b» *tr». fc'A***.   iim* wr-loa-aa* *Ik-»-:
**t*, w,-. *m ■»**«»*   *-** -ntm. **:**f.*m* ****** xm* »*»»*f-
r<v»lfc»r*» Th**tt* em HntotOay wiebt j is'itlwiii bcoJftattHfro Unit they *ero,.
Im boom ot t R. *k*Uh, trim han ttm-  In n pot4%lm to t*ll*M» «i Ol t&# flUi J
i caitb-~« plkr ■*i»»i«hljia ti lb».
A atroiit cunimHtuo trom thr
tho MrthodiM polpit on iusday nrst
M!»J?»^!ri^ l**'1 ainroiuifl U* »w»ralla-*ir nil
■roflrrn-r'i as usual witn tht vlrr-rroat*!        , ',, .     ., ,   ,, ...*,,_„
tent in IH.» elw-lr »ii4 * t-r.ii»il#* 1ioim« ( "•'* »',' h,L 'i^I^,,! *, 1''' J-".i£n
in «ttM*M«;.  A k»P mm et tot--lio^J^4 ^"^J"*™^ Tt«
the toltowlm mae**t'  Tbr Aamml******* »*»'1 !«» h*r fl*,#r •■ UbmT-
Compnny • "The Quality Stone"
Groceries, Dry Goods,  Crockery and Everything in Shoes
See un for the bett itt
M hit niore Im Oithnrat and Is Imt-
Inc f«r ttnm Omrto*. Th# farowrll
wirty skwwiNl approrlatiow by 0 pro
aeex of a rot of pipci aad asMf good
f'i«^;   Ift'Da'Wtftt  ;iw,vl   Uwt'.Vt   k*t*
•pnbt tabm ap tomoom fa ratMant.
A ttprmmotntlr* ri*mmi»'*m /ff th,'
wil»*ro* omhm hattm b**m nt wtrrh tor]
tbe past faw iayt tmhtnn ap ilro «!**-(
1*a**m earn** |« earn*     S*mta**t tm xa*5
torn «M tttMf ml Otprmm*    ttm her*
htntxt tt from* imMtt> that IMt aomo
la "bot*4 tm it* pnmo*rtta not «ftr«
mot methtoe row4ftk»*. et*.   W* .tm
ct-nts aatoatmrat wki-rli has !»«>*•» or.
■s i
I    It ht* horn arid that erety third f
. {Mawju I*** uuti» '*** mime- {-mm.
Sdenccluuahownil^naaiilratanh |
Mcale* a federal «t.*toc**
of Am body, and local iroatmeau la
thc fown tMPxtMj) and vaport do Kttk,
Xao) foal
Tw ui*t<t44 <t*Ui»k *f**a .imaaU. ttnm* mm
nmt km team* bm Ih* emmmmt*i*m ami mmm. try mmAAimymt Maai «Nft Am
thatr tmt fhfiwigli lh* *^mp ffi!* *-#*k.?«ff-f<**f fa 9ctM"n VMniMnn whkh {« a
jind  iv*t*tt4 tfiry  fanad  acrloaa tlm-1 m*i*IUAw*l teml.mil a !*»;Miag-!<NHC,lro*
*~OOM. 1 Atmi vnf Iu. fmtwi <J»a'.-*.    l»j ku
nialMnnN tasalmli sram *nt*n*tm*4l ettmOP,mm.Txm**uOm.
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alt*.
Th* 8tor« That 8AVI8 You Mon«y
M«u» SuiLs, Shirts & Shoes
Our Sprint Shipments of these Good* are aU to hand aid
the assortment it complete with the tmartett food* and bett
posiible values
We have unloaded thia week a Car of Floor and Feed
Purity Flour 98lbs $4.00 nett
Gold Seal 98lbs $3.60 nett
Also   Bran,   Shorts   Crushed Corn,
Corn and Feed Oats
„-„f! - limfli r-   ,
t*wy^fti>n!fLi „nai-.*ta
1 if
Men's and Boy's
Ruster Rrown double-breasted and Norfolk styles,
in a great range of materials, including serges, velvets, velvet cords, worsteds and tweeds, in all the
staple colors.
Ruster Suits, eome in sizes from 2 to 7 years.
Kiuiging in priee from $2.50 to $7.50
Boys' Double-breasted Suits, with'bloomer pants,
come in sizes from (i years to IG years; prices from
$2.75 to $15.00
Roys' Double-breasted Suits, with bloomer pants.
('owe in sizes from G to 1G years. Prices from $2.75
to $15.00
Young Men's single-breasted 3-picce Suits, with
hng pants. For'boys from 15 to 19 years. Range
in price from $7.50 to $25-00
Boys' Odd Pants
See our range of Roys' Corduroy Pants at 85c.
pair.     These are worth $1.25 pair.
Other lines of hveeds and serges in all sizes, at
50c, 75c, $1.00 and up to $2.00,pair.
Boys' Shirts
Roys' Outing Shirts,  with collars attached,  in"
light and dark colors; all sizes, 11 to 14 collar size.
Priced at 50c, 65c, and up to $1.00 each.
Roys' black Sateen Blouses, all sizes, at 65c. each.
These are made from strong material and will give
good wear. These blouses can be seen in our Men's
Men's Neckwear
Silk Poplin Ties, Knitted Silk Ties, fancy novelty
Silk Ties, and a host of other lines, will be on display in our Men's Department at 25c each
These ties are regular 50c. value.
$1.00        Men's Fine Split Straw Hats    .   $1.00    \
Your choice of fine Straw Hats; last year's block
will be sold at $1.00 each. These hats are regular
$3.00, $3.50 and $4.00 hats. There's only a few, so
Children's Straw Hats
Boys' Straw Hats in sailor or round shapes, on
sale Saturday at 25c. each.
Boys' play Hats, in Mexican style, oipsale Saturday at 15c. each,
See these in the Men's Department
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
White Wash Skirts
Madt? in fancy weaves, Bedford cord and Indiau-
hcail. Skirts are plain, flare or.with yoke and
pleats-:    In all sizes.   Prices from .. $1-50 to $5.00
House Dresses
Made of good quality gingham, neatly trimmed
with white collars and cuffs. Extra good value
for , $1.50
Children's Dresses
. Children's Dresses made in the David Coppcrfield
style. The blouse is plain wliite pique with dark
and light blue galatea.     Skirts, size 4 to 8 years.
Price $1.50
Ladies' Gloves
fn a big variety. They come in Cashmere, Silk
Lisle and Chamoisette, in all shades of tan, beaver,
grey and cljamois.   Special  35c. pair.
Dry Goods Dept.
Up to the Minute Neckwear
We are now showing an extensive range of the
latest styles in Ladies' Collars, Vests, Collar and
Cuff Sets, Ties, etc.,   Prices, 35c. and up.
See Window Display
Silk Special
20-inch Chiffon Taffeta, comes in an extra soft
finish and will not cut.    Very suitable for waists,
underskirts, etc.      A big selection -of shades to
cho'ose from. x Regular 85c- yard.
Special  49c. yard
Ribbon Special
nYi* inches wide Satin Ribbon, exceptionally good
quality and extra lustrous finish. \   Comes in all
shades. ' Regular, 30c.
Special    20c. yard
Shoe Department
Seasonable Footwear in Canvas for Men, Women
and Children
Men's white Canvas Shoes and Oxfords in several
different styles.   ' Prices ranging from $1.75 to
$3.75 pair-
Men's Tan Canvas Shoes and Oxfords in Blucher
style; comfortable and well finished.    Price $1.75
. and $2.00 pair.
Ladies' White Canvas Oxfords, low pumps or
high cut button styles.     Prices from $1,65 to $2.50
Men's, Boys' and Children's Vacation Oxfords or
Sneekers, in blue and black.     Prices from 75c. to
$1.25 pair.
AVe carry a good range of Footballs, Football
Boots, also Baseball Shoes.'
Our Grocery Specials
Mixed Sweet Biscuits, 2 lbs 25
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, per lb..... 35   '
Rolled Oats, 8 lb. sack 40
Chase and Sanborn Coffee, l's 40
Cowan'k:ocoa, Vt lb 10
Okanagan Peaches, 3 lb. tins     .25
Libby's Pineapple, 2V* lb. till ' 25
Black Twig Apples, per box $1,50
Black Twig Apples, 5 lbs 25
AVagstaff's Red Currant Jam, per tyi 75
Wagstaff's Red Plum Jam, per tin 75
Sherriff's Jelly Powder, 4 pkgs     .25
Red Cross Pickles, quart sealers 35
Swift's Witch Hazel Soap, per box ...:    ,15
Unseented"Glycerine Soap, 3 baj*s —.....    .25
Holbrook's Sauce, Vo pints 35
Holbr-ook'^ Malt Vinegar, quarts 25
Lyle's English Syrup, 4 lb tin ... -. 35
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 M. .\ 75
Peas, canned, 3 for ,..• '..'<■-. 25
Coi'n, canned, 3 for 25
Dairy Butter, per lb „ 25
Fresh Eggs, 2 doz ' 55
- Roast Pork, sliced, per lb n .-    .35
Dominion Cooked Ham 35
Premium Cooked Ham     -.40
Pea Meal Bacon, sliced, per lb .-- 28
Dominion Bacon sliced, per lb 26
Dominion Bacon, piece per lb 25
Special Fresh Pork Sausages, per lb. .: 20
Fresh Salt Water Pish "arriving daily
The Store o i .
Money Saving Prices
First Aid Instructions
For Miners
n« \i xv rinaenw \v A Knudonbu"lt iis l0 remove the pressure, returning
By M. W. G,asgo*. \V,.A** Knuuonou.a ^ ^^ Jn ^   Rq
and t. O. hownu peau-egulafly 12 to 15 tlmesper ainu.
(For the benefit of our many rend.
ere Interested In Flret Aid we begin
thle week the reproduction of Miters'
Circular No. 8, publlehed by the U. 8.
Bureau of Mine*. These Instructions
are also appearing in the United Mine
Workers' Journal, to whom we are In.
debted for the loan of the cut* accompanying the text.) '
Suffocation and Asphyxiation
Suffocation or asphyxiation may be
caused -either by some-thing thai blocks
the windpipe nnd prevents- air from
uuti-rlns tliu lungH, or liy tlie Inhalation
of gas that nets os a poison itself or
prevents air from entering Uut lungs.
In -mines suffocation and asphyxiation
are most commonly caused by breathing smoke, eartion dioxide, carbon
monoxide ga*. ami atmosphere doflel-l
ent In oxygen,
tjuliklv gel the jmllelnt. to fr»«sh air.
do not stop lo Iwiwn hi* clothing, but!
tea the swinging forward nnd back'
ward, completing a respiration in four
or five seconds.
As soon as this artificial respiration
hns been started and while It Is being
conducted an assistant should loosen
any tight clothing about tho subject's
TtecH, chest, or waist, Coittlniiw the
artificial respiration without interruption until natural breathing Is restored
(If necessary two hours or longer* or
until ii physician arrives tind takes
charge. if natural breathing stops
after having been restored, -Used artificial respiration again.
The Bureau of Mines relief kit contains an oral screw with which to
force open the jaws, a pair of tongue
forceps for grasping the tongue and
drawing it forward,'a glass tube in
which there is <i curved needle, and a
sterile catgut thread. In case of emergency the first-aid mau can run the
needle and thread through the tongue
and thus hold it out. Kvery first-aid
miner is required to carry one of these
cases at all .times.
After getting: the tongue out, kneel
by the patient's head, grasp both arms
just below the elbows, and draw them
upward and backward toward you as
far in they will go (Fig.' 9). This ac-
tlou allows air to enter the lungs, pro-
duelng Inspiration. Then raise the
arms and bring them inward and down
ward to tho chest, applying pressure
sufficient to expel the nlr, thus producing ex »t ration (Fig. 101.     These
tion—that Is, when the patient breathes regularly but very slowly—artificial
respiration should not -he given, either
by the Schaefer method or the
Silvester method, but, If possible, nature should be allowed to restore the
natural rate of breathing unaided.   .
The patient may with advantage be
allowed to breathe pure oxygen, which
may be supplied from a cylinder containing the gas under pressure; a reducing valve <to lower the pressure,
nnd a breathing bag with connecting
tubes, face mask, and respiratory snd
expiratory valves being used. The
oxygen may bo supplied by an oxygen
genera ror; J i' this be done, no reducing valve will be necessary.
Various types of mechanical devices
for reviving asphyxiated persons have
been devised, and ono or two havo
been widely used, Since the first
filliSon of this circular was printed n
give artificial respiration at once.
There are several method* of performing artificial respiration. The
two most effective methods, namely.
Fig. i.—Sehsefsr method ef artificial
respiration.     Explra'lon.
.   .     J  ,    ,„     .    .    iJoiiot pMlMii) liquid lu <tb« p-sUun;'-*
the Bchaefer method and Hi* Hllveater; mm,,h „„,*,] |„» if fuj|y mh^-Hous,
method, arc described  below.      Thi;     01n, tU(, ..anient frcsh nlr, but keep
following description of lhe method of j,jm warm
teaching and  applying lh* Hchaefw     H#nd for tin* nearest doctor as soosi
methoJ was prevarcd by the commie- \w the arcldent ts discovered,
Medlral Ai»;o^t«o«.»h^Na^nalWjK.|    ,.,„,.„ ||w JXV «?I.W bulk, fold
tan institute of weftricsi rcngwewa. ?»hftiii,i»rii -n <■* tn th™* th» «h**t fnr.
Th*    communion    iwommend    «h« *HKmS
ptjeemU* *>**•!  au *M**i  mmtlmAa.        ,    ,»„,„, upt,n w„ mmnh gfaip h|g %m,
*     lehstftr Method el Artificial «»*, ilrnm h forward, ami tet an aasls*
Respiration jtant hold it or lie it out with a gausa
l»em«v»< thr. victim ro trmh air nn b«»di§# or •  shoestring, or tear *
UnkWy   n*   posMbfe,      nnpi^by  ttml  baadker-rtilef into wtrlps and U« tlw«
with th# finger In  hl»  mouth ead together. thus making a string.   Place
can too revived, if he is not too far
gonp, by causing him to breathe pure
oxygen. As ordinary air is only about
one-fifth oxygen, the blood can absorb
fire times ga much oxygen when a man
breathes pure oxygen as wben he
breathes ordinary -air. For this reason oxygen, it obtainable, should be
given to men overcome by white damp
or afterdamp. The oxygen should be
given in the manner already stated;
that is, by a breathing bag properly
connected to a source ot supply and a
face mask having suitable vales. In
case a man can not breathe, the Schaefer or Silvester method of artificial
respiration should be used to cause the
oxygen to enter the lungs.
nandages are used to keep dressings
In place, to retain splints on broken
limbs, to stop bleeding by pressure,
and as slings. The kinds of bandages
ln use are the triangular bandages, the
roller bandage, and tbe special bandage ot the United 8tates Army,
f     The Triangular Bandage
The triangular bandage It particularly useful In general tlrst-alid work,
as It oan be easily made and ls not difficult to apply. Tbe material used In
mnWn* a triangular bandage should
be unbleached cotton cloth, linen, or
muslin; some are made ot a kind ot
cheesecloth, but tbey are too soft and
ara difficult to fold properly. Bod
sheeting or pillowcases make good tri-
angular baudages,
The angle* at each end ot the base are
called the extremities or ends ot the
triangle, ahd the angle opposite the
base is called its apex or point.
When a triangular bandage is loosely rolled together or folded over and
over from the apex toward the base
lt Is called a cravat. The ends of
the triangular -bandage may be fastened either by pinning or knotting, For
pinning, safety pins should be used.
For knotting, tbe reef or flat knpt
(Fig. ll) should be used, because it
will not slip aud it is more easily untied. /.-
The triangular bandage may be used
to hold dressings on wounds, to bold
splints, as a sling, and as a tourniquet,
(Continued Next Week)
/     Packet of     \
S8°-° WORTH   OF  ANY   /
Flf. 10—-Sylvester method ef artiflei el respiration,
arms against the chest.
Pressing the fort-
Hiowiiumuu should be performed at tbo,
rate of 1<S to in times per minute. As
soon as signs of llf* appear tho tower
limb* should Im» elevated and rubbed
vigorously toward tbe heart. Hot ap-
i.li<4iw«ii» should tie used ov*r Ihe
heart If practicable. It there is no
sign of Ilro, hemp np Uie artificial r#s-
Mtra.iott lor at l**«4 4.wa Ucwrs. at th«
patient may be breathing, although
not. Appearing fo tm doing; so, Homo
patients have hte* mlred after ser-
• ommltiee on resuscitation from mlaa
gases, attpelntod at tbe recommenda-
Hon of the American Medical Association to advltt* th* Bureau of Mines baa
made a report on the «te of such de-
This eoMi»l!t*« has declined to ee-
commend any of th* meehanleat re*
sitstftiiHwi 4*r1e*n thnt ft -wtanitiwd,
airing the following reaeoas;
l.   AuUfleial te»tt*iratbMi lhy iwaelwu-
lesl devices is seMoai practlcabt* la
i   ri§, tt—Reef knot*
tlii'ia*t, mA v«tmv« am twlgst, body I >*■■» l»'<niJ:m<- or string, over tlw ton-
Itobacco. tnlne limb, ate.): then bo-1 gee, draw the tnds down, one on tHtitr
7,.,.,-t   .,*. *.,.*r~,'■ tit.**iXi  ih* e<h<n.  snd  hrl-nrlnr titehitwit retain* ennwdoaewMM nad tn .1*1*1*,,* „.„ n
l,«ythi«»ub»«wtiMihtsb*'»lv with arms o«« Bad to «m h »W* ot ta* fc«*e,    tia(to »«aiw«, «ts» IMmllN nt »■*»• | make their use effe«lr».
nt*n4*4 nn ttralshi forward ** po*. < the entn oa top of tha toe*    This no* ttm t»omtM,4oma of «ra«M4ic spirits
»*M<i»' #nif -winhii it*** ** e**** a1'-!* *n* Hit-tit ■ item holdf tlisa tMSgise•forwatd,*    la aa is aaiiwMsia aaa inset bs te sho**,. >
hts nose and mouth am fr*# for!*»tnre»tf the tcagaecan he held tot.\      Use ef OmomHnUnm Otvteee
bwafhiat trig U   I^t an assistant} ward with a safety pit. la all eases of insufficient naptra-
4r*w t*tewnt4 *h* *.*ibt**ft, ttmttw*       '
Htiemt ttnddllnir tw» »nh)ert's thtgtis»
snd far tec his hwid: rest thn palms of i
yoar bands on bit loins toa tho row-'
il*» of the small of the hack), with;
llw flngn* spr-nid over the lows*!,
rib. (Pig. 71. !
With arms held st might, fingers for-{
ward, stowlr swfna terrar4 tm thoti
the weight of yoar body u fraduallf 4
aad wlthoat tlaltMte* broaaht to taemr:
U|*UU   ■'***:   jaliivi..*   U:'.#..    *,  .    TUut   •**.*. ,
tbtmU  tak* two to  titrrn  toeoot*.
Th«a t»»«*dlat»lr swing fcaritwart so
•ttttm ****** t.*tt**.** m*a mtmti
tsyt^t n-t**.i^tle' In ttm* to
If a wen's
breathing hae etopped, • delay ef oao
or too aRlswtiv In edsMiMeflnf tumi-
ftcUl tesplrattea le llaWs to ba faUL
ftsr this raasoa aiaaaal mothods, such
*»• the PrhntPmr. athhrb mm h* nfn4t*4
immooimet^, tno piwiriaww io amy wim*
chaaieal devlaa.
2. Tbe laags ef the patient era liable to be injured by the repotted we-
ilea ef air hy oom* types ef rssusela-
tattot apparatee.
a.  Ia taste ef polsualaff by ontbm
mfitmiM*, « bftfc pntmomttP of imp*
too fa the air inhaled hy the efestiat Is
ffwmr* ImtwHatit thaa «he ettant to
i »«»c*a in* 'tom» are fUM or asspued
evlde potsnaa a »aa hy emtittftg
with the red coiodac inattof .of Me
fe&^^^A   mmA   b^amm   tmmoomtmmbtmm   b^t^m   m*hmmA
WWmrWJw wiwi llw wa Wi-fmiP|f  ipf  ^wwmm
tnm esrrylag tie accessary amount
af We-tWat otypm te tie Amm
«#W»hwfr     4 tiettm of tmtmo orno-
oxlds poi»oato| can |e ttvlred IT tt«
Whaterar tht eloth asad, It should
li* tw th* temm ml * tl in 40 t«*#^i
laqaaro.  roided dUCMally frna eee-
****- w» «m«mi> >■» i«*m* m ■.i,*^***, mn4
Coal gas residuals form tbo bases
ot many industries. Owing to the
great development of by-product coke
ovens and gas plants In (Jermany arid
the application of modern chemistry to
tho utilisation of their by-products,
theae Industries bave largely been con
trolled by that oountry. In tbe readjustment ot Industrial and trade eon-
dMlons after the war, It Is desirable
tbat as many «f these Industries as
possible be established In Canada and
In other parts of the British Hmplre.
There are two largo by-product coke
ovens in Canada wblch produco 67 per
cont of our coke output. These plants
nre sininted nt flsutt 8t*. Marie, Ont,,
and at Sydney, N.8,    8tnco the out'
break of war the Uitfer .'plant'.ha*,
been installing a benzol recovery plant,
but, In western Canada, there are numerous beehive coke ovens which do
not save any by-products whatsoever.
Again, whilo large nuatvtittos of tar are
recovered from local gas plants, no industries have been established for the
refining, separation and use of ihe products obtainable from It
Kot only is the saving of tho by*
products from tbo coking or carbonisation of coal a measure of conservation,
but tho sale of these residuals li the
means of reducing tbe cost of production in a degree corresponding to tbe
I'fflrlency of the recovery methods
ndnpted nnd the market value of the
products.—W, J, D., "Conservation."
IMn wWI **^WWP wmfm ppm*
ttAtom*   tm.akm*.^.m   mm   m   mm^i^^   ,-^am    Ig
TW  VIOMi VI  ■  wTwWm  mmm  mt
^^9^^^9^nL^Mf9^pf/a *A
wildt. eta a mm w
Wy    al^F^WatMllCTiMBg
AA'   >
. sn.
F»t. f*~0pott trifeetttfer bemfett
JfrnWrnAp   W   WmW
fc^P ^matpPtbimpp -kjiM|gg| ifeluh ttaOm^m .^MkJtiP   m^9
Wf  v^bamA^WA ^^^^^^^At mttmt WJ^Wo •"▼ A^O
tew tftstftler
WAA^.^   ^^y^^ -M^~d**MM|*|    VlLli       vSkJuMk^i     fV|4||iHh
rW •my jtmn ut* nwi vnm
EWniy rffttwAttwA Mtn tht Mndby
^Hl    vWHRMMW   ttmi^A.a^mm'^-^^^w^-jj^^m^A   -^▼•^^f    aw?™
mmiimA atmwtam It fe# JuaUhfill humi halfiwl
fcodL '
^3^ .MnPiCMnl ISflDniDljB* IIA A1HBQL   TilMNi
gPWt Pm mom^wm war ^wrww^^a^^^^^^^w  w^^^w. ^^^aaw^^etmm *■■■*▼•»
|| WW WtytQBtAKUA pRKNA'VNt rnBrn*
ful* pyflty and haalthfufrwM, of tbt
noo if imtmo, '


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