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The District Ledger Oct 24, 1914

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Industrial Unity Js .Strength*.      (;
 f_sf '.' ,._A V
The Official Organ of Distr ict No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 8, Vol. VHI.
Get :qnl$& List and Have a Direct Voice in Spending the
City Money — This is Your Best Method of Securing Assistance
Tba' Feral© Flail Assizes opened at
11 o'clock this morniqg, Mr. Justice
•MacdonrUd presiding.
On Court 'being opened, Mr. Sherwood Herohmer, Senior member ot
the Fernie Bar, tendered Hia Lordship a hearty welcome on their be-
-half and congratulating Ills Lordship
upon Ms elevation to the bench. His
Lordship replied, expressing approbation of the reception, after which the
Grand Jury was called and consisted
ot the following gentlemen1: Dr. 'Barber (tollman), W. A. Ingram, R. W.
Wood, W. T. Haynes, James B. McCool, Paul H. Dubar, John S. Irvine,
aH of Fernie; E. A. .Hill, Geo. A.
Leitoh, F. Coffee, of Cranbrook; Chas.
>M. Edwards, Baynes Lake; Fred Roo,
isilto, and A. B. Fenwlck, Fort Steele.
Four bills of indictment were for
the consideration of tlie Grand Jury,
the first that of Kansak Murato being
a charge of murder. Upon reviewing (this case, His Lordship stated to
the Grand Jurors that on August 8tb
of this year, one Susumu Sassamoto
had been murdered near Crambrook,
and that the accused- was- snore or
less of a resident of Sasamoto's
house, and according to the evidence
taken at -the preliminary, bearing had
some attention to the deceased's wife,
and on the evening of tbe murder the
wife ot the deceased, upon hearing a
shot.fired, got out of -bed and rushed
 ■.ntnlJ. att^-^AlLuJ I-ia-m   1* imUnw A    il'nU*A<».
—vu'vmyv -lujm-ivimu'u w-ijTwvwMM—rw*w»—
ing In his blood, caused 'by wounds in-
Surban Singh were murdered in their
shack at the village of 'Bull River, being shot down in a cold .blooded manner by a high-power rifle In the hands
of an unknown assassin or assassins.
The day after the murder, iMahomlmed
Khan, who then resided in Wardner,
was arrested by 'the Provincial Police
and charged with committing the
crime. He was 'brought up at the
Spring Assizes here and owing to two
indictments having been made out,
Chief Justice iHutn-ter, who then presided, ruled that in view of that, the
accused must be allowed a separate
trial for each indictment and evidence
was taken on the charge of .murdering Surban Singh. That trial lasted
four days and the jury after deliberating for three hours returned a verdict of "Not Guilty," after -which, as
the Crown desired to go on with the
other charge, against the prisoner,
that of murdering Pakar Singh, His
LordBhLp traversed the case 'to the
jury. Accused has been incarcerated
at Nelson since Spring Assizes.
Just before the afternoon adjournment, the grand jury returned true
bills in the cases of Rex vs. Murato
and Rex vs. Dominic Nicholas, the
two other murder charges to be tried
at this assizes.
The jury returned a verdict pt not
guilty in the case ot -Mahomraed Khan
after a very -patient hearing extending
The Unemployed
District 18 Seriously Consider Measures for Immediate Relief— Premier Sifton Interviewed —
Fernie City Council Find Work for Fifteen Men
in Park—Coal Creek Men Working Donate from
1 to 4 shifts f>er month — Friendly Societies act.
fHated iby a ebot gun; additional evidence that the Crown would present
aimed at the accused being the guilty
The secoud bill ot indictment was
also one of murder wherein Dominic
Nicholas, was changed with having
murdered one Sam David, both being
Indians residents ot the reservatioa
near Wilmer, .B.C. The principal wife
noss in ihis case was one Capllo (Indian) who waa an eye witness to what
transpired, thus eliminating the question of circumstantial evidence. The
evidence to bo adduced by said Capllo
was directed to the accused and
b. afly wns; on this occasion actus^d
was ill-treating a horse, and on being
remonstrated with did not accept the
same In any spirit of friendship, but
turnod oo tho deceased and hit lilm
with a stick wluch br©to> over hts
arm. Accused then got another stick
close -by and broke It ovor the head
of deceased, and early «he following
morralttg bn died. Investigation of
that Jnatter, Hts Lordahip stated,
should not require mueh tine for investigation fry tt»e grand Jury.
The nest was that ot assault aga-
Inst W. J. Long, ohargsd with aauult-
tag and beating his wife, Florence
Ui*. actually Inflicting bodily harm.
His Lordahlp stated thai the Code had
been amended during recant years to
deal with tmm ot tbUhlnd. and farther that he did not deem tt advisable
to deal with the rather stressing evidence that night eome before them
in connection with the charge. Ttw&
followed, against the sane man, the
charge of escaping from lawful cos-
tody. That was • separate charge,
Once in custody s man hid to remain
In suoh position until removed b> dae
process of tke law.
The tost oaee *•* one of srsoa pre*
ferred against one Joseph Oall, who
was eharged ttet en September Mh
leet ht itt «ra to Ws dwelling at Ma-
tal, adjoining the town of Mk*el. *«h
intend to defmtsd, as be wee insured
and songhi vo ebtabs btaefH f rem set-
ting this fire. Ills Lordsklp, ta *•»»•
tog farther with this tnm. stated that
site* was a dtfltoutt ertme to prove.
As a role. If people were going to set
fire to their property «hay «M net
over~nearIy~Tiwo"~daya; ITlnSpflred"
three hours deliberation on tihe part
of the jury to arrive at their verdict.
In the case of Dominic Nicholas, the
jury returned a verdict of 'manslaughter and the accused will be sentenced
at the end of ihe assizes. A strong
recommendation that mercy be shown
waa made by the jury.
The grand jury returned a true bill
In the case ot Joseph Gall, Austrian,
charged with arson, and in the case
William Long, against whom there
were two bills ot Indictment, .brought
in "no bill" on the charge of assault
and a true Mil on the charge of escape from lawful custody.
The crown prosecutor, in the case
ot Long, pleaded with his lordship tor
leniency having regard to the fact that
accused had been acquitted on the
first charge and that he had been held
in custody at Nelson since July last.
His lordship complied with the request
and atter severely reprimanding accused for his bread) ot trust, fee having
taken advantage of a position of trust
thereby effecting his temporary es*
cape, allowed him out on suspended
The attention ot the court on Thursday was directed at bearing evidence
In the murder trial of Rex ts. iMurMo
(Jspsnese) and as we go to Press the
evidence is still being taken.
.The distress prevalent and threatening 1 nthis city, and ln fact throughout
the whole of B. C, and western Alberta
has at last aroused some of those
gentry who have been plaoed in office
to look to the welfare and well-being
of the community.
■The City Council has started to assist in a practical manner, and already
some 15 men Jiave been given employment .in the Municipal Park, True,
the wage is not munificent, 'but It is
as much as the Coal company pay
outside unskilled labor—25c. per hour.
Those who claim that the (Jouncil
should do more might take a tumble
and remember that the Council may
not be able to pay 25c. per hour if the
distress aud unemployment cowttaues.
jot, -Cy^ r*. .._..
mainitlai-ned if the army here is neglected; sentiment will not help the case,
•but the united effort of all must be
forthcoming to conserve the welfare of
the citizens of t.hig Dominion.
'The District Ofjticlal-s hive forwarded the following communication ito all
Local Secretaries.:
The matter of unemployed.throughout our District has developed Into
such Serious proportions that we feel
it our duty to give It our earnest consideration. With that end In view,
we concluded that before being.able to
Intelligently take any active steps in
the premises that it was absolutely
neecssary to have the assistance and
The Grand Jury visited the three
public sobools, tho City HaU. Post Office snd Court House, and reported
everything as being In, a satisfactory
rendition. They were parMontsrty
Impressed by the efficient manner in
which the pupils ef the Public School
responded to the alarm of Rre which
was tuned In for their benefit hy
Principal Daniels. The sis hundred
and some odd children attending tho
school being msrehed out of the build
Ing in perfect order ia one minute
nrt seconds.
Do yea tobe advasuie of the tat*
urday Specials at the 41 Market Co?
Our Mutual WA series rsel No. 7,
lo which Margaret learns the latest
w „,„»  v.9rr~.,  9*--, society dances and goes "Tau§o mad."
Ut^epp^mm preeent. ^Jj|°?f^^^^^J^5,'
iew «*•» «* •** •"-*»« I*.-** ••«•»• ■• *'""
itt -tUdiai'si-U   ^-^Vr  nr n*P tb***
tm mmtW evidence tmmem te
dependent almost entirely upon the
generosity of the bank; when the bank
refuses to receive any more unsold
debentures, the city will be compelled
to rely entirely upon Its own resources—those resources are the taxes.
If there Is no money in the oity, there
will! be no money In the city treasury.
While at eome later date we may
make several proposals to the Council
that will conflict with their direct personal Interests, If ithe distress continues, we are compelled In all fairness
to state that they are .trying'ito meet
tho immediate needs of the situation,
find It Is' up to every cltlsen do be
prepared to make a little, and possibly a big, sacrifice. The (friendly societies 'vlll shortly start a scheme
to assist those in necl, but of course,
tliey cannot be expected to handle thU
queatlon by themselves. The Ladles'
Benevolent Society has done, and Is
still doing good work, but there nre
many who would prefer the brothers
of the various fraternal orders to hear
their troubles and alleviate same.
The residents of Coal Creek, who
never do anything but what It is done
thoroughly, have had a meeting and
those men that are working have responded In a manner that reflects the
greatest credit upon that camp.  They
will give from one to four shifts per
month to help tiie most needy oases.
Cosi Creek residents have a keener
appreciation ot the present conditions
than most of us. for they realise that
when the mines cesse to work the
camp ceases to exist.    Here io tbo
City of Pernio we often hear people
(generally ot huge menial capacity)
belittle the principal Industry of tbe
•town, and some will Inform you tbat
it Is not absolutely Imperative thst
the mines work to ensure the upkeep
of ihe eity.    The little Incident that
happened la connection with Ute prosperous eamp of Hosmer, however, bas
converted most of these brainy subjects, ond since tiie closing ef the C, P
R. camp the mines snd wotting conditions of mom, bave -been regarded by
all tn this tewa as absolutely «w»
UM te Its welfare.
While there were indleattons and rumors to the effort that the mines
would work steadier within ths next
few weeks, we regret to say that the
news received from the Creek thle
fore make this appeal.
We would kindly ask all Local secretaries to obtain the assistance of
some active members and make a
thorough census, and if posible, provide this office with a reliable and authentic report every two weeks.
Enclosed you wfll please find forms
which are so arranged as to make the
compiling of this report as lucid and
thorough st possible, and which will
enable us to deal with the question
in the most practical manner.
Again trusting that you will make
every effort to carry out this request,
we sre,
Yours fraternally,
W. L. PHILLIPS, Pres.,.
W. GRAHAM, Vlce-Pres.,
A. J. CARTER, Sec-Tress.
took it upon -themselves to secure the
welfare of their one dependant, and
a concert was organized that netted
over three hundred dollars. Then they
have a meeting an ent the forming of
a Patriotic Fund, and instead of fritting away time on the possibilities or
probabilities of the future, the recognize that the immediate need is tor
relief at home. The residents of tttat
camp .have a knack of "getting down
to tacks" that might be emulated by
some of the Intellectuals in this town.
Lt is sincerely to be hoped that at the
meeting in the City Hall on Sunday
nest at 2.30 pin., those in charge will
realize the necesskty of doing something practical and doing it at once.
At the close of the Alberta Federation of Labor Convention, the Executive had a meeting in the Empire
Hotel, Calgary, and formulated their
requests to be presented to the Alberta Government.
On Thursday, acting on behalf of
tlie Federation, Mr. A. Ross, president,
Mr. A. Farmilo, secretary, together
with Messrs. Vickerage, English, Al-
.rord, Joues, Graham and Carter, waited on Premier Sifton at the government Buildings, Edmonton, and presented the many matters taken up at
the convention seeking legislation fo>*
the workers.
After Mr. J. 0. Jor.es, ex-president of
the Alberta Federation had introduced
the members of the delegation, Mr
Ross outlines the many different demands which the workers were desirous of the government considering,
and the one most important matter
was the unemployed question.
The Premier, at the outset, pointed
out the position that had already been
taken, by the legislature regarding the
curtailment of the business of the present session. An arrangement had
heen made between the government
and opposition members that any measures which were of a contentious nature should be waived during the present sitting. Speaking on the unemployed question, he appeared to feel
himself much In the same position as
P..■**...tri <*..»■» _^t*nt9 *U.«»   _Ur
Amount previously acknowledged      ?G»10.30
Loyal True Blue Lodge  ., 5.00
Some time ago we published in
these colurnqs a letter from Mre. Tom
Brawn, at Edmonton, stating that she
had received no funds from the Hillcrest Disaster fund. Since 'then, however, we are pleased to report that
President \V. L. Phillips has received
a communication from Mrs. Brown
informing him of the receipt of $50
from the Hillcrest Relief Commission.
Tuesday next, October 27th is the
last day upon which discount will be
allowed on 1914 'taxes.
In consequence of the members of
the Executive 'being so busily engaged at the time that we went to press
last week, the report copied from the
Calgary News-Telegram contain-dd the
following discrepancy which wc now
Resolution reading—"Whereas the
recent disaster at Hillcrest Mines was
met by a warm response of contributions to the relief fund from many
sources. . . ." the -paragraph imme-
dlately foil-awing was not embodied in
As the letter Indicates the District
must first secure some statistical data
bofore the officials can expect any action 'from the public bodies, aud lt ls
up to all secretaries to secure this information wt once,
tfcum i» sstohlleh a prima tads esse.
After the temomtm et iftt pend
Jury te eoesMer the various bllle ef
I     ft9ftt*imittitit<t *lm*mt**t*n -mm*** #Wt?f **
' ttttvtktimm   wv*«   mtt*   civuiH   u/wm*
the II -Manet no, I iWk ^fll, tif .rijjtafcft
fer a continuance of Ihe present ooad!
94tl**9l*    %!>•
A good representative meeting of
residents waa held In the Club hall
on Wednesday evening to consider tbe
advisability of forming a branch of
ths Canadian Patriotic Fund, and to
formulate a scheme to sislwt the necessitous eases of distress In the cam*'.
Supt. Caufield opened the proceedings
by reading a cuiutuuulcatlou Irom Mr.
Wtlker, Secretsry ef FV»rnle branch,
and after dls<n**lon on «he advl«ablll-
ty of forming a branch of the Patriotic Fund, which waa taken part tn by
msny of those present, It wss eventually deeMed to at ones organise a committee-to desl with our own local eases
and leare the matter of the Patriotic
Fond tn abeyance.
A motion was then put ami carried
that Secretary B. Johnstone write tbs
ladles' Aid of the three ehurdu* up
here with s view to securing the Mr-
vices of throe ladles of each church
to aet In conjunction with the general
committee. The Lsdlei to form aa
investigation commute*. Severs! tm>
pertaot question* mere suited. daaUoa
with the company's work In connection
wpb tbe Slstrete and Sept. Caufield in-
tot** w* ♦»»i-« «w*t«fM>tfim of the** or*.
The friends and relatives of "Jock"
M cLetchle "'could not fail to bo" impressed on Sunday last when they
saw the very tangiole expressions
of sympathy and respect that -v-ore
offered by those who followed the
body of deceased to its last resting
place. The weather was cold and
raw, but the crowd was one of tho
largest ever seen at a funeral in this
town, while the followers stood
around the open grave bare-beaded. In
silent sympathy and respect for «'ie
departed, All seemed animated with
a desire to show the depth and ilm*e:-
ity of tlieir sorrow, and tho carious
found the weather sufficient excuse
for their absence.
The Coal Creek contingent required
three coaches, and the company provided aame.
A start was made from the undertaker's parlors at 130, after several
had viewed tbe corpse. The Fernie-
Coal Creek Excelsior Bsnd headed the
procession, followed by the Knights of
Phythlas (of which deceased wss a
member!, the members of Uladstone
Local, the football club, the Veterans,
the newly formed mllltla corps, the
boy scouts, while s number of private
vehicles snd followers brought up tbe
rear.     The relatives and Immediate
ed to give the matter his earnest con
sideratlon, and said that the government with the assistance of the various city councils, were already making an effort to cope »vitb -the situation. The deputation retired at 2
being in conference from 11.30.
A full report of the different de-
mands, together with Uie reply of the
Premier, will be published next week.
.President Ross and Secretary Farmilo are still in touch with the. government ami are having a further interview with the Cabinet today (Thursday).
tlie resolution at all.
A meeting will he held in the Council Chamber, City Hal). Fernie, at 2.30
p.m. on Sunday afternoon for the purpose uf formiiiK a local relief committee to raise money and to work in
conjunction with tho Ladles Benevolent Society,
Mutual Weekly at tho Orpheum Friday night.
FIRE FROM SHIPS WIPES OUT . ue#. Our troops, saklng the offensive,
-OERMAN ARTILLERY - BRINGS  repulsed the enemy at several points,
DOWN AIRCRAFT I,u t>Ml W4lil"ni ^atrc of the Mir, no
______ | decision has been reached."
LONDON, Oct. Si— The [«nver of Dip \ French Make Prejrts*
Drltluli Fle-it und OrlUlu's nuutery oil M»*PON, Oct. 2I.-Th# Pari* cor-
the *ea are »lowly becoming more miit! respondent of Iteuter's says thst latest
moro factors In the great war. Brit j information from the front Indicated
aln lias been fretting In the face of a i t»at th« Frwich are makiw*   marked
situation which ao far has precluded
uny geni-iul i-iiKugcniuit with tin- Ger
man fleet. Thus the mention of llrit
Isb ships as being active off the Bel
glan coast li hailed with partkulst
pleasure by tbe public.
Ail r-t'jwrtu tbat the a!lk<» had r«uk
fttonflfi of the A*e*nn*ii folMw«d thn f«" Ostend hsve proved Incorrect and
casket loot much faith Is placed In tbe dis
The remain. w*re tsken    tn   theH'»lch »>"■■ *• mm ** ocr,,»rt*1
Presbyterian Church, where Rev. \l
R. McQuarrie spoke a few words of
condolence to tbe friends and relatives. Reforming tbe procetslon Jour-
ueyed to the cemetery, then tbo do-
c**wd was given fall wl'Uery honors, three volleys being flr*d «»•>* the
grave and the last post sounded by
the buglers.
Bruges. If they hsd done so, it would
nwan thst the Herman line has been
pushed Imck «o far as to be virtually
cut Md Germs n forces In the vicinity
of Neuport isolated.
Oerman Trenches Ibelltd
An It In, s decided bsnd bas br***p
made In the tierman line In the neigh.
__      „„        .      . .fc   ,       , i bnrhood of Roulers, as comp*r*d w«h
*** *,,M,rF ff"!." "'Ji*. ***?;  th* line which recently »tr*UhHl due
was In cbsrge of Lt Oeo. O'Brien, and
tha following comprised the firing
squad: Cotoreergt. If. Hughes, Bergt.
1. Minton. Pits. R. Welsh, O Wngs
dale. J. Robertson, 1, Oaab. IS. Hunt,
W. Davison. J. McLaughlin. II. Wilkes,
P. -Millar. T. Wilton and J, Qulnlan.
Tbe pat! beams were cbosea from
tb* rnnttott Hub imd tb# eoefnt Hub
south from Oetend through Y|»r*s to
Rrit!»h men of war off *b* JtetgUn
roast ere reported to bave dene great
execution to th* flermsn trenches on
th* rout. Tbr. 0«*rfn»n» wer* ob
nerved with searchlights MnMna
trenches at night end th* eblps **r*
progress on the right bank of the
Rlvf«r Mch*p, nnd tnat tho bnttl*
raging ln the north Is as yet without
daflnitn resuti.
Fernie Men's Brother Wounded at
Mr. Adam O. Burns, of tho Palace
St*.«i idniiix-i, u** i*i*l a-ciul a kl-
ter from his per-w^s who llv# in Fort
Street, Mtb, Mining that hi* itrot-Mr,
James, wss Invalided borne from the
front snd ti at prw^nt lying la Crsig-
leitb Hospital,
James was visiting «ltb the aid
folks wl«n war broke out. -having re-
<fMii come home from India, where
hit neritte* In tbe ami) eipirfid, most
of which mm* npml abroad in India
•nd Chins. Immwltntely upon join-
l»e tb* <-»<«i bit ragisMHH. «b*» «*sm-
eron Highlanders. w«s among tbe first
to bt> deapatrhed lo Frsnce. and after
escaping I a jury in several aever* rn-
gigemen?t, be *«* !«M t«* by the
bursting of a tbrtpdel shell a tin
milts uuuldt! of fthdms,
-Private Huron toll* the mry m
sheet, pithy scuitsMet:    "We    w»r*
Tbs Itis ha« g most sppstlttsg Mil
•** ft,** to* wnalnr rttetmr* tnanm Wt all
ton His tailing, the» wttog aa a umpersmeott.   »•<-**• **• *•*«•
tudgu eeder the Speedy /Trtele Act is the mystertorea wtU have plenty of
tetd. It sselodrsate to preferred
there's lois ef tt contained to mu
Last Chance,' He epeeial for Saturday (aneunee and evening*
day, the man or
"Wide Hotter m Vlotorta Avstwe
bOac to be ileUei on what the vaa-
ton displays la either stone blind or
•tuijihg lit role of as BgjpUsn mnm
mt. Those are 'Mher feeterse. ef
The history ot tMe ease eentmo, nmb ihey aia mn neod. tm Use
,y«rtt «i <We evewteg ef Mat* ISth. Me <■ Mtoi fer the way R
tout, twe Hledeoa. Pakar Singh and (to ps^rone
„ g charge et Mm "heKy er it
part off tbe peeeseds ef geeeUtetiea
i« mbkA lie accused eleoMd ttt
November s»g tost. Tie Matter ef
bat) wMeh bad htm pmteeetf tteei
by his Hener !*••* Tbempw, «f the
Cewty Ootft, il HUM* em tMo0<
ed to etagd sew.
Vtm tm eeeit yeeeawsntos for the
•MsfMaa nulls, the cms ef Bet va
tiesa lor the nasi bee menlheM leeat.
wot ttmnm.
The officials of District IS resMse
Ufctt*WMNMbl%Mittfcm$m llttAkAMk HftMtt hi^lt
•tt hepefbl ef a brightening op of
trade, they are amhtog every effort
to secure sosistaMe from the verioae
provlncfsl psvernmentg. hud week
Prsmlsr •Slftee wus Interviewed, nnd
tb* serteeeness ef the sftMSfhw fm-
preeesd upon him. The mssshsnbip
mtf tttty npee lb*1r ettltwr* fwirtrifr en
■mom entontt to force from sboee is
ef tte prevtaetol treasuries
tor the suffering ftevatl-
Aa feet beee repeatedly stated !«
thsee «ekmaa nmi la ptWlk by Um^
respegslMe fer the ptodectlea of this
piper, the army at the front earner b*
TTf ua!-ltit!\t\mM- _ !
A general eoomtttee was then appointed eonsMing ef tbe following:
Messrs. B. OaoflsM. R. Johnstone. W.
OreenhUl. D. Martin. W. IfePssuL Or.
W«*rkwi«ifl. J. WofrijiosKm, W. R Pee-
key. J, C-00-mbee, J. Moore, Rwr. Stood*
ley, R. Mllshoraegh, C. fiabrsr and 3.
The genersl meeting then adjourned
and tbe committee sat is—sllnHily
and decided to Issue relief nt eaee to
fi„j; (4 Uve wvaat tm.nwnlU.tf. *j.'XWi
\ known.
A M^kivtiikS 4*»imiu-)U«« *m* *.»v*Av*ir*i*\
to cenwMs the men who ete working
i'tony i*g«kr.
ft It Indeed pteneurabie to imn tke
thoroogh and %vsfneesllbe nmnner in
• hU'h ihe Ceal Crsek residents boei-
\d t&u <4oe«Uoa. Ia lli ftn? y'-O-'-'c.
b*tm the PalitoNi Fs.i.; had sat
I'S'lfd in l->rnl», tbe peojilt there
riebt la tk* tklt-k ot tb«t ftebiine when
ftr*  t*'1 MW * voondvd (•emrsde. ead bsd
We ere reueMied by Robm ^1^,,'^neninn nttentt **« bm«»bt \ *•* timn^ tto*B ltt *m» »m> mm*
> J,._.    ha.   |V>   ••-.•   9,1   .tkt-t   .hi,*.   9mtl   Ik. !
llT'^V      t^lf-       "^'.Tl*      ^riffll**:      XSI'')'
Letcble. tm behslf ef his hrasbm aed I Umn ^ tfc# ^ M |ht §W|KI m iU j semetbtng bspptaed. and t
alsters, aad other weahetu of the fata
ily. to esprest bis very staosre thsnhsl
to ell theae «be •••Ittad et Um> Inj
ismemt of bis brother John. The
fctidaese aad sympathy with wbteb
Mr. Robert MeLeUht* wss greeted,
attd ths great eridtnees of reepen
and esteem ehewe to bis dead brother,
have deeply moved bias, and he ts
meat ifcelruu* ttut j.tt »*«4*p». *M*
eipraeslev At thanks from htm.
iMarrtagw tttmne *** utuoatiL Wed-
eeeday to Wllitsm MsIISsmmi. ef Medi-
ctoe Hei, Albert* and May Jebaeee. ef
A„iirtvaie 4»m-i' *m bm tn the %*k-
Uwl4 Until uu Tvivi'I-iv cvunlag. vifltt
Uto Alptoe Club enuetslMd eotoe ee
ber ttiAiiU.il M&t* '%'H't'J I f*M&l ttnf
telf In the hospital wKb my leg si!
nbet. but bow 1 menti'l klll*d oa tbe
spot 'pets** me, n* my iun we» t«r*
to shteda"
Another l«t*r received today /.t>m
tbe Injurwi man's mother report* that
be Is getting along as well ss can be
expected, but whether the  trg   wiil
ute tn bn impnturmt rnrtem bm ,!*•
termime yet.     Ntv-Mtheless, if wv-
...... '.: \','tl A- iiit., a- to mi-fij b>p*M
rwt. ttctt. tke'ltrte. . U is tbeugbt
•Vi' k* nenty *ri»**tit«l«e will pelt
him 'bimtgh. en tbe weewito ate h*s!»
A press ssseetattott sttnonncement
"It la learned from a teml-dfietal
source tbat a -fSetvaa neropiane wss
dtstrayed off the Ileigtaa eotm by
RrMlth warships Sunday, On Monday.
a Xeppelin was destroyed rtrlttah
mea ef war alee deetreyvd els batter
ict of (ienaan artillery and tolled nr
wwsnd-ftd !.5*ta fienaan ee!di»rt.
Qetrmno Stotoiweet Terse
flHRLlN. Oe»  31 —An effldsi   an
eenwvm-Mit plrrn em by tbr -Herman
BrtltUiT h«e*psrters says:  "Safet* j top «|.*s»»et4iy.
t3xn qjciui-'i artlfffrr ws<s mwar*l\u'**.t ?T fl>f« watt known fifk'tnt
ttnm the see. nortiiweet ef Mm<pm,   i resinsrat. eet ei lie*.* wbe went toto.
Tbe nstoiins w**t et UM* -ren*) in-lst tion t>ut tm nn left uns^stbed
'-¥4 s- x.m?y y    -
•*.   '-I .f-"K*-.
•Wr»*v^^f IOW
' -*- ;'\ Vt*"'  4
-Mkf;X" XX7 m^s.:}^f AA'y^^^^Xf. ^m^^XA^
The Frightful Loss of Life Which Has
Attended the Present War Is Nothing as Compared to the Losses During the Next Great Conflict,'Says
the Socialist Candidate for United
States Senator—The Entire Machinery of Human Society, as Perfected by Modern Civilization Has Come
to a Stop.
■By Emanuel Julius
"The general issue in this -campaign
and every other campaign is between
the forces of the common people and
the forces of the exploiters, 'but the
only phase to talk about at this time
is the war."
This statement was made by Charles Edward Russell, Socialist candidate for United States (Senator, when
seen in his hotel the other day.,
"The war," Russell continued, "contains not merely a wonderful and conclusive argument but is 'beyond argument—it is the truth and contains the
truth of everything we've said. it
renders all other argument unnecessary. One phase of the war situation
that, because of our long distance from
the scene of operations ail Americans
except those who have (been abroad
seem to overlook, Is the tremendous
fact that this war is only a forerunner of other wars still more terrible
if we allow the thing that created this
war to continue to exist."
With slow emphasis Russell added
that this tote is recoguized everywhere
abroad among thinking men, yet it
doesn't seem to be recognized here.
"If any one will refiect for a moment it will be seen to be absolutely
true," Russell said. "It makes no dif>
ference which side wins In the present
m.au'9 house were burning down and
a number of half-witted boys should
stop him in his efforts to put out the
fire by telling liim that his clock had
stopped,     '
"The destruction that has come upon
Belgium and Northern France, the
black ruins of a hundred burned
towns, the fields strewn with unburied
■bodies, the streams red with ihu-man
blood—<al these things are only examples of the haivoc that will be
spread around the world unless the
source of war is abolished," said Russell.
"Nothing else is worth thinking of
for a moment I see a number of the
foolish newspapers of New York are
devoting time and space to urging Americans to spread American trade, now
that England and Germany, our competitors, are disabled by the war. I suppose that is as much vision as the average New York editor could be ex-
l beted to have. No matter Vhat
might happen he could-never see fur-
tiicr thai: the length ot a dollar bill'
Russell added.
"If we were to follow such advice,
we should merely be grasping at a
handful of dirty gold and plunging
over the precipice. All men who have
a thinking apparatus and a soul—and,
of course, this excludes New York editors—have far more serious business
on hand now than to scheme how
they can buy shoddy at 5 cents a
yard and dump it upon Patagonia at 6
cents a yard; their business is to find
a way by which the horrible catas
trophe that has now fallen upon the
civilized circuit from Nova Zembia to
New Zealand shall not be repeated.
"The chuckle-heads that   run    the
contest, we shall have another and
even more gigantic war than this with-! Xew York press are likely to have
In six years. ,The next war will in-1 sonis practical enlightenment on this
voive practically every nation on earth.' subject before the coming winter is
North and South America will be in it, over, Chiefly because of the war,
tl will be practically impossible for* Xew York now .swarms with uoemploy-
our country to retain neutrality in the: od men and women. The number in
next gigantic'war, and inasmuch as j distress is -certain to Increase every
the .Interim between this war and the  week.     Even the dullest of the cli-
next will be used by all nations to invent and manufacture more instruments Of destruction, the frightful
loss of life which has attended the
present war is nothing as compared
tors must rememiber the crisis that
fell upon us last winter when the situation was not one-tenth as bad as it
will be this winter. It is needless
now ito go into the Inevitable conse-
to the losses during the next great' quences of such a situation, Ibut all
conflict. ! thinking men mult be utterly appalled
"In other words, it is too late for: and dismayed  at  the  prospect that
any  theories, peace agitations    aud
good wishes.     What we are confront-
~ed" with is the most terrific and overwhelming fact in human history.
What will remain of civilization after
opens .before us.
"I have not in aiui_s:ay_e%aggeratT
ed the vast extent of the disaster
that has come upon the world—vast
armies of men are out of work  In
the war is concluded will be threaten- j every quarter of the globe, factories
ed with imminent destruction by the are idle In Melbourne and ln'Sydney,
next one, and the prospect .is not much; shipping Is paralyzed ln Hongkong and
less than a return to the Jungle." Ulebau just as effectively as  it  Js
That, in Russell's opinion, Is why In Liverpool and Southampton,
there is only one thing in this cam-1    "In other words, the entire machln-
palgn that is worth -talking'about—and  ery of human society, as has been per-
that is tho war. fected  by  modern  civilization,    has
Continuing the noted writer said: j come to a stop, and If It Is'to. start
"The trumpery little issues that arej again under Ihe threat of another war
raised by tinhorn politicians like Jim. I at hand it will revolve so Imperfectly
my Wads worth, Whitman, Barnes, j.and Impotent!)" that, at best, the great
Roosevelt and .Murphy are too trivial: part of the disasters we now see
for grown men to bother witli. These .around us will merely "be perpetuate I.
persons are the fleau on the body jm>1I-j "In the face of these fact*, every one
rlr. While we are struggling with of which Is undeniable, every one of
the question whether the world i* to which Is apparent to any man that will
li.-i'e any kind of structural society or) take the trouble to look Into the mat-
plunge into chaos, these little insects1 ter, it Is manifestly lunatic to give any
hop around and Invite un to scratch attention to anything except the secur-
the bites that they make.    It h as if a ins of lasting peace.
Th8 Grand Theatre
FRIDAY,  OCT.   30th
A Volcanic Eruption of Laughter
ftO       SWF.PT-VOICF  THORM   COURT      20
CUrence Powell Mantle Campbell Dare Smith
George Walls Chicken Reel Seaman John Moody
Beautiful Scenic & Electrical Effects
oonoEous strut parade
Voti can boy the best seats for SLOO Other good
seats 76c It 00c; Children 20c
'Here is where Socialism and the
.Socialist party have their marvellous
opportunity. There vis no remedy
for war, there is no promise for peace,
there. Is no escape from repetitions of
this historic disaster, .there is no
■hope for the world, there is no way
out of the morass except through Socialism. Tthe ingenuity of all mankind can be challenged and challenged again to suggest or devise any other road to peace. All the other remedies of another nature shrivel up
the instant they are brought to the
test. •   Observe how true this is."
Russell then showed how professional peace advocates and the chattering persons like Carnegie bave advocated arbitration as a substitute
for war, but arbitration cannot be
had without treaties among nations,
and one of the facts demonstrated by
this war is: you cannot .possibly
frame the treaty that any nation will
observe so long as It is under Che pressure created by the present system.
That, said Russell, disposes of atfbl-
"Hell is paved with the fragments
of the treaties that have been broken
in this way," declared Russell. "Then
what's the use?" t
The same truism applies to the projects of disarmaments. "Suppose
these -fatuous peace dreamers could
have -their way and get all the nations to agree to disarm," said Russell, "how is any one going to tell
what any nation may be doing in secret? Germany (ills Its war arsenals
with its 42-centimeter siege guns and
in spite of spies and secret reports,
not -a nation even suspected the existence of these engines. Under the
cover of any disarmament agerement
that could be devised, any nation
could secretly store up the most deadly engines of warfare, and on any pretext suddenly descend witb them upon
an unarmed neighbor.
"We ought to have learned something about 'this matter of (pretexts.
It appears to be the easiest thing in'
the world to delude an entire nation
with a .properly controlled press, so
that even the best men will foe bamboozled into the support of ithe rot-
tenest scheme of capitalism.
"If any one thinks that any safeguard lies in professions of good will,
of n desire for peace, of charitable
merely in a trance. , Europe has been
piled as high as to the eaves with all
such professions within the past twenty-five years, and all the time the nations were preparing for. exactly, the
-cataclysm that has come to pass.
"There ds nothing that ever has
Ibeen or can be suggested that after
this will give us the slightest reasons
to 'hope for peace and security so long
as we maintain the present commercial system, which alone Is responsible for every war. Here is wheVe
the unassailable message of Socialism
comes In. The Socialists alone of nil
the people In the world .propose to
Insure' peace fay utterly eliminating
the cause of war. «
"So, In my Judgment, the war Is tho
only thing worth talking about in this
campaign, 1 believe the minds of
good men and good women all ovqr
the United States are now turning Intuitively to our cause, recognizing tbe
truth that we alone have the remedy
for theae conditions."
Russell related how, on the night
he landed in Rotterdam on the first
day of the war. he encountered a refugee from Belgium who had escaped
from n town near the border that had
been seised and burned. Ills face
waa otlll palllod and drawn and his
eyas haunted -by terror as he talked of
the terrible things he had aeen. He
finished his account of buildings and
bridges destroyed, fields laid waste
and men murdered, by saying:
"After this tho whole world must
turn Sfirfnlfnf "
Ruesel said to himself: "Hero Is s
Comrade; I want to nhake hand* with
lilm." 80 he ssld aloud: "Of course
>«u nre a Socialist."
The rr>1w*e an»wi>w»d!
"No; I've been all my llf* an extreme Conservative,    I've never had
nny sympathy or patience with Social-
fit theories, but I nee now that there
in tin I'ttrnpe from tl)-*' Socially posl-
Hon.     They hsve been right all Ihe
iimi' und I have been wroni, although
: I opposed them alwerely.    It Is per*
' fertly tree thst Ihere Ik no remedy
,(ur these conditiona etcept tn some
mttti torn ot *ot-M\ n* the ftociaHata
! < ill the Cooperative <"ometoow«alth,"
i    ftttaselt .commented on this by stnt-
i l»« tbat time that time he hae en
' countered humlro-ls of man on the con-
I tJnent, in Kngland and In this oountry
I mme ««»« man* tw MM tea tome ad-
' luIs-Am,
. "ftv*t» In ibe kOMtlln promt, oaa*d
!f*n«1 edited sa-t+ty m tb* lets-tee* ot
| those who mske profits from the pre-
(sent system, there appears almost
-9... w»v -*uummm*m* vt .turn wain* ten*.
dements! truth,'* sail Rassetl.
"The mlnda of the thinking men,
tlerefore sre now op*t. to our appeals,    ff in the past, aa has heen
charged, we hare keen lee narrow aad
fo« *mif-rent*r*4, wo knr* now tk*
i'i:,ttntanity to fcroadee cit-that we
* ini*' An n  nuttporkktm -**re)r* 'a th.*
' 1 »iw lu *»Jil( Ji ae are enlist**} nntl to
j tte human rue*.
i     \\* ought to euike every effort.
Iwlth wb»t*m tacftfke, te aeqnaiM
■11 men wMh tins feet that, es owt*r
Po-rtallam worn wtmU kw nbmttetclr
Impossible, they hate Um opportunity
to secure relief from iH tteie evil
conditions if they will join hands
with us. The Socialists of New York
•have made many and great sacrifices
in. 'behalf of the movement. It is not
easy to. call upon them for one more,
and that the greatest of all, and yot
the emergency is so great and so momentous that there Is no other .way.
"This campaign should far eclipse
in activity and earnestness all prev.
ious campaigns we have ever made.
We ought to redouble every effort.
Hitherto unthinking .prejudice has
been our great obstacle. The masses
of men engrossed in daily toil have
been reached, dn the main, by politicians with false and trivial issues
in order to bolster up the old parties
so .that the .people have never really
listened to the plan that we propose.
Events and conditions being infinitely
.more forceful than arguments, have
now predisposed them in our favor.
We ought to take advantage of this
situation to lay the truth before every
voter in New York State, and I have
a serene confidence in the result."
Russell was asked the following
"Don't you think a great Increase in
the Socialist vote and Socialist sentiment will make Impossible the next
great war you spoke of In the beginning of this interview?"
"Beyond any question," Russell replied. "Suppose, for instance, that
the Socialists in the United States
should elect twenty-five members to
Congress this fall. You could guarantee absolutely that there could not
be another great war so long as that
condition existed, because it would
demonstrate to the capitalists all over
the world that the result of the wars
they make will be Socialism, and, of
course, (Socialism is the thing that
they fear, and the only thing that they
fear, so that every Socialist vote deposited this year Is a protest against
war and a protest that will be heeded."
"What effect will this war have on
Socialism in Europe?" Russell was
"We must wait until peace comes
before the Socialist movements can be
put together. ^ In all the countries
that are not involved in the war 1
expect to see at once a great a-ccession
of Socialist strength. We have already seen that in Sweden, which is
the first country to hold a general election since the war began, the So
cialilsts -having gained fourteen addl
tion al Deputies or Members of Parliament. In other words, I think that
these things I have 'been pointing out
are obvious to thoughtful men. I
am anxious that the voice of rising
Socialism shall be most emphatic in
See Window for
Special display of
Texts and Miniatures Dainty and
at the present time the word and
judgment of the United States have
for more weight and imiportnnce than
the word and judgment of any other
nation, .because no other nation is so
highly respected aa the United States.
The world looks to u,s to -find a remedy for these things, and when peace
comes it will be made in the United
"What do you think of the behavior
of the Socialists In the countries at
"They couldn't have done anything
more than they did. They couldn't
have acted otherwise. They all believed tliat their particular nation
waa about to be invaded by superior
toes, or had been, and they all honest*
ly decared tliat the first duty was to
1 repel that foe. There Is no blame
to be attached."
"Did the Socialists of Italy pre-
v^nt tbe government from joining the
I   "Well, I think they've had a great
j restraining effect on the Italian Gov-
tfjiniifat, but there have heen other
causes al work.     Italy sympathizes
entirely  with Prance and  England.
Hut having been  s member of the
Triple Alliance for 10 long, she wss
naturally withheld by obvious considerations from takiug the step in the
wsr that a large number of people de-
I sired to have her t»ke,"~N.Y. Call.
j    (One does not care to criticise Uie
Interviewed too severely, but even he
. eannot escape from the racial prejudice that hss pis yert mtrb tt prom I-
I neiit psrt In the great Kuropesn strug-
j gle.    If Russell was accused of "ultra-
i patriotism" he would, no doubt, the
j first to indignantly deny It.    But note
j bis remark*: ", . , . I know that at
the present time the word and jttdg-
j ment of the United States have fur
{ more weight and importance than the
I ward and judgment of any other nn-
! tion, because no other nation '« no
j highly respected a« Ihe United atat.
\ ft,."    tjulte recently Uio ambassador
of barbaric Turkey had occasion to
rebuke the American*, when the men*
U<m at ft*r<JlMi a Mini aquadtwn into
;Tttr*W*»h waters to tafegoartf the In-
I teretts and Ures of American cltlsens
■ aroae.   The amhasssdor reminded the
American nation  that Turkey had
been iwlftr of excesstta (or rather tho
Turkish people) Nt that the Ameri-
4.4...     .».,'m    **■»«..     ..l*4lu-tU*       Vl       Ut*
PM1p\i\o?.  1 trn^l   '.r.im.l,/   thi'M U.-  **
the cult lea-led, eduraleil uatloe ot
(Christian tentkwmi thst they wwefd
bave the worid telleve they were.
The antbaasader, of course, wss re*
»,vi..,.»  »_- *v<;ii4|( M W4k*^*^i,   j"»rtM«M(
this greet nation that Rvasell has 11m
honor to -Mont to Wsa ea mote thaa
one eeeeston shown the eaptialtsta of
other coeutrfse some of tlm ssost effective methods of dealing wltt. labor trouble* In fact, Amertas eon
claim, te have atone then the respect
of the wttrtd, H esn elilm the sd-m-lM'
!tlm     IVw «*-uiTi»* hsve t»ee» es-
plcl'ed te the etlvHt that the land of
i ttwoAom te tm eoetti has. end fesrer
Remember, it is ABSOLUTELY FREE
to the Winner
nations have made a greater farce of
•'Liberty."    "The world looks to us
to find   a   remedy."   says   Russell.
SU'au-tje, but thia ia exactly the attitude taken by the German Socialists.
Tliey also claim that by opposing and
destroying the Innocent Russian peasantry they are removing from civilisation one of the greatest menaces.
We can excuse our enemies if thoy
IsiikIi occasionally at our philosophers
snd take a like view of our philosophy.   Egotism hss been responsible
for many failures, but It Is doubtful
If It hss played a great part any-
where then among the "Intellectuals"
{or some who claim to be the leaders
| of the Socialist movement.    Just ao
i long as one nation rewards Itself as
| "the Clod-chosen people" snd thinks
, that the salvation of mankind can be
j wrought only through   them.    The
| fall of (Irrmauy will be accomplished
j—If fall she does—th rough the egotism of her "Intellectual*,"!
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up. .$7,000,000      Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
D. n. WILKf, President      ,HON. llOiT MFFHAY, Vloe-Fres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Ferals, Gotdsn, Kamloops, Mlchsl. Nelson,..
Rsvsfstoke, Vanoeuver and Vleteria,
Interest allowed en deposits at entrant rate from date of dspesit.
FEBNIE BRANCH k. U, 0W1N Mftttftr
At the Osrfln l-aura Colliery. Konlg-
shutte District, on January 15, 1911, a
ffrt broka out In tho Oerliard seam of
the Uarfin Laura pit The fire watch-
man noticed smoke in the atwurrent.
■a^tnf m.-.ttt   '«-.   .,,.. At*      t   ,.      t.        *
■   . -*.       * .....      .4.9,     9,9,
': f-rt    rtrtvril   \,',\i\,   V;    Ui|*  Suui'i,  .V.W.1
a ent decided to dam off the section
Ir question. Tlie' doots Jn tysr eslsi-
Ing masonry dans' were closed and
■twit   <m* bemtt   n*   »»■"   i •*?!♦,'?.■???
dam*, which, hewever, were disturbed
on the following dsy. An eiploston
ef gns then Mew out several of the
doors and Injured fire of theswen. The
detss were repaired, aad channels left
to relieve the prenaute ot tbe get within wew> soon Htt*rn'*rtt* tmtiH to b*
totting In nlr. and ware accordingly
tloeed «p. In ib* following Jena
f!»m, the section was found to he
Willi, TW* Deedt, Mortgages, Inmnmce Polldtt
or other vtlunblet in one of theie boxes
.__ ... . *>* rVAItUA MTOftMAnftM Attttt%%)   -
P. B. Fowlor, Manager Fornlo Branoh
mue nm rmoorem
i, eowgt coins,
ivme. oaeustw
ti* *■«■* of rrmoUi.n tbe coat and de»
. tH'U nM repaWuu, iu UmUi^ mm*
aged IV theespN^en wassegwt.
Three weeks latur, howerer, toe-tons
the sent ot the fire eras readied, gss
made Its sppesrance, snd the dans
bad to be dosed again. Al Intervals
of three months, tht sir-current wis
twice sent through the section. Ol
the sHH'otid ocaAiau, lu Sunt .nul Inif,
tttt, tbe wort ef efesrsnee sraa eon-
tinned nw te the seat ot tha ftre. hut
on gaa again appearing, the seeften
»*• anew mere shut off, to ee Anally
opened ta toil    tlie (Ire was atlrt-
ma five; the dim- were opened, and Doted to spontaneous corabttatkm of
tne reef ««el, whkfc was very rotten
*.**. v.-ukem. it, brake eetttwnday* se
ttet m Men were In the eeetlon at
the trm».
2*!.^*f™_0,.AhX.»*n»r mn. tm
eawatltntfonaf   mnen't*. ratintr** a 4<m-
^»"rtaUlSWVly.&» m$k
npem the Imno nni tnni-mt* vmrfU***
**. Mi** *»y»t-»m, ihwrrtijr Otmxroylnm tb*
onset AiiftWDiid .4n«s
Hating natnr* Ih ttm-
mem knre tte
-turn tint
ter ttot
<-*MWt«tl*V aaSjUNrtwav
much fattb Ta lia furailv* ■*•*<
tlHv otter On* HuMrtd Panan
ene* that It fella «« cwrw, tttmtt
et tMtlmAMlai*-,
•eil *r an Dramttste, tic.
Ta*# Haifa Famllr HII* tot cntiiU
patl-tm. ■at*-
From Reynolds's Newspaper
Private Te'n, of -ihe, 5th'. Dragoo.a
Guard, who is among the wounded
who have arrived ni Hemlington Hospital, near Middlesborough, describing a small engagement on September 1st, in which the British captured several German guns, says: "It
was just at dawn when the Germans
opened fire, Immediately the Bays
and the Eleventh came galloping up,
and after a desperate struggle we captured every gun. I saw one of the
•Bays, a lawce-corporai, run .towawis
the eaemy with a machine gun on his
shoulders. He fired -several hundred
rounds at them, and escaped .without
a scratch. He was promoted to sergeant tor that.
IMany of the 'men who have returned
home diave lied remarkable escapes.
Gunner Miller, an Artilleryman,
went through three big battles, including iMons, without being injured,
and then was rendered hors de combat through his leg ibeing caught In a
gv£\ wheel, The views of British
'.Tommies upon Germain soldiers is
summed up Ik* the words of Lance-
Corporal Wright, of tke Duke of Cornwall's Light Jafiantry ' is not much
good, neitlier Is the cavairy. The artillery and maichine guns, however,
aire fine, and they simply mow men
down. .The Germans are very destructive, and', are looting everywhere.
In one village they looted a -baker's
shop, and as they did not want the
flour they wilfully scattered it about
the road and fields."
Two Soldiers at Bay
How two British soldiers defended a
mill at .Mens against the Gentians
forms the subject of a vivid letter
written 'by a iregimentall clerk to a
friend In Newcastle:
After we had been in the trenches
for hours rumors were passed along
that the others had retired. .We could
not see them. aB they were in an orchard over to the left. Our captain
got on a -bike and went ott Jn a hall
of .bullets. He -fell off several times
and -we thought he had been hit, but
he got up and disappeared. About an
. hour afterwards he came back Vnd
said the other troops had retired over
an hour before and we were told to
prepare to retire, which we did as
soon  as tho shells  stopped  visiting
"up. We ,venfalong~drstreer in iMons
and barricaded -it, but returned to the
trenches aliout 11 p.m, I took my
boots off, also ray pack, to get a little
rest. At four o'clock in the morning
the captain came and woke us up.
He had Just got to the end of our plav
toon when enemy's artillery dropped
their'shells right into the trench. We
retired at onco. I didn't have time
to put my pack or boots on and had
to run up the cobbly streets In my
stockinged feet.
My feet were beginning to hurt, so
I sat down and wrapped my putties
round. Whon I got to thc end of the
street the company waa nowhere to
be seen. After ahout a quarter ot
an hour I saw a big mill. There wub
no one In, so I went up to the loft to
see if thero wero any eigna of our
men. Thore was no sign of them,
so I came down and met a woman,
who gave me a cake and said there
waa a wounded soldier In a haystack
near her house. I went there and
found one of the Royal Scots wound"
ed iu the knee, so stayed with lilm.
This woman came about an hour after*.
wards and snid the Germans were
crossing tho river and would find us.
I carried tbls chap to the mill and
barricaded the door.
We then got to the top of the loft,
and aaw thousands of Germans march
ing from the river, they had crossed company up the hill, but he was quick-
on a bridge of barrels.. Thousands
marched .past and we thought it was
all -right, ibut aibout fifty came back
and iwent straight up''-to the door of
the mill and started to beat vit, -so I
thought it was all up. One of them
spotted Scotty's rifle against the window, and we exchanged cards. That
kept mie in as I did not want to be
poisoned with lead, so the other chap
sat at the window the other side and
we 'had a little sport. They -broke
a few rifles trying to break the d-tjor
down and moved up the street out of
Just after that a motor car came
tearing down the street and threw
something at the door. There was an
explosion that dhook the whole place,
but did. not do any damage, except
(blow the door in. After that a fanner drove a cartful of straw up the
street, but as he was too old to be a
soldier we did not fire. Then we
found our mistake. ,•
lt waB only straw over a shade snd
was full of .them. They jumped in
the door as it passed and we didn't
get a chance to fire. They climbed
uj> to the trap door and someone asked us in English to come down. I
'said, "No," and they fired a few
rounds through the door and said if
we came down and told them where
the others were they would 'et ua
Door Riddled with Bullets
We told them to wait and held a
counoil of war. The Scot said he
wasn't particular what happened, so
we said we didn't know where they
had gone. Then they Btarted. They
riddled the door. We also helped,
but the bolt still stood. Tbe Scot
rolled a big cog-wheel over the door
and we piled every thing we could
find on it, which was mostly oil cans.
There was a little "barrel of white lime,
and we went to the window to empty
,11 over any who were below ahd found
all straw piled up in .the doorway.
We saw their way then. Someone
lit »it from the inside, and three of
them made a bolt for shelter, 'but only
one reached it." «Jhe straw made a
lot of smoke, but burned out and
,everything was quiet. Wle didn't
venture out until the next morning.
and there wasn't a sign of anyone.
Later we reached our lines.
Recommended for V.C.
A vivid story of the battle of the
Aisne, end of the gallant deeds which
have led' to his being recommended
for the Victoria Cross, was told to a
press representative by Private .1.
Warwick, of the 2nd Durham Light
Infantry, who ls now In the .Manchester Military Hospital, When It came
to the point of giving details of his
bravery Private Warwick was very
reticent. "I do not wish to speak
of myself," he said, "for all our men
fought well." Gradually, however, he
was :«d to unfold tbe following graphic stow:
"The Germans were entrenched not
eighty yards away on the other side
of a hill, their trenches being far more
formidable than ours. We had not
very long to wait before shells and
bullets began .to fly about ua in all
directions. Our men tried to rush
up tbe hill, but first one and then tho
other fell under tlie hall of fire,
"Tbe Germans were at least twelve
to one, but our men held their own,
fighting aa I have never seen men
fight before. We had a great leader In Major Robb, He led the men
splendidly. Lieutenant Twist, one of
our number, tried to advance with a
ly shot down. I saw him shot, and
although the shanpnel was flying and
bullets were coming like rain, I made
dash and brought bim back to the
"Then I saw Private Howson, a
Darlington chap, fall, and I succeeded
in bringing him from the firing line.
The poor chap was shot .through tbe
neck and shoulders, though I believe
he is still living. I went back and
succeeded in bringing Private Maug-
han My last journey was the most
difflcrlt of all. I had to travel over
the crest of tho hill to -within shirty
yards cf the German trenches, and
how I escaped being killed I reilly, co
not know. I crawled on my stomach
and got along ns best I could, aiid f
am glad to say tbat I succeeded in
bringing Major Robb back right, as
it were from the very noses of tbe
Germans. It was a hard job -to get
him, and in -my effort I was shot
through the back and fell.
Saved a Whole Division
'"We saved a whole British division." In these words three wounded
soldiers at Middlesborough crystallized a thrilling story which.'adds another deathless page to the history of ihe
•Coldstream Guards. The three wounded men were Corporal Scholes, Private White, and Private Shaw, of the
3rd JBattalion Coldstream Guards, who
have just reached-'Hemlington Hospital near Mdltesborough.
Their story described a night surprise by, a huge German force wearing French uniforms (whose accent
betrayed them when they were challenged), a life and death struggle
along a narrow road, and finally, after
a series of mad rushes had. been beaten off, victory for the Coldstreamers
and safety for the British division
whose rear they were guarding. It
was during the retreat from Mons, explained the three wounded men, that
the 3rd Coldstreamers, then at Land-
receies, were told off to guard the rear
of a British division extricating itself
from the German enveloping movement.
Later, while the Coldstreams were
resting, a body of men in French uni-
were challenged 'by a reconnoltiring
party, and an answer was returned In
French. But the Interpreter with the
British disliked the accent, and asked
the officer to give the challenge once
more. This he did, and was immediately knocked off his feet by the
foremost "Frenchman" into a pond of
water, and the German started firing
their big guns. The British stretched themselves across the road wliich
lay in the path of the oncoming forces
and, supported by four machine guns,
with rows of infantry lying, kneeling
and standing behind, poured into them
a deadly fire,
"The Germans," said Private White,
"wore In tremendous numbers, The
enemy suffered fearful losses along
that narrow strip of road twenty
ynrds wide, but they never relaxed
their efforts to take the place by
storm. So fierce was tho fighting
that the Germans did manage once to
capture one of our machine gams, but
tboy did not keep It long, We soon
had It back. Rush after rush came
during the long watches of the night,
yet our lads held fast, lt really tee-v-
ud at one point that the gallant little
band must withdraw, but the iMajor
rallied them finely. 'For God's sake
don't retire; come on up.' and so,"
aald White, "we would not let them
get by."
A soldier in French uniform ap-
proaohed. a machine gunner named
Robson, and with a word of greeting
took him by the hand. The next moment the Britisher was pierced Iby a
bayonet thrust But tlie German
guilty of this dastardly trick did not
come off scathless. Robson happened to have his hand at the gun at the
•time he was stabbed, and in an instant the German was riddled with
bullets, both men being killed. "We
saved a whole division that night,"
proudly remarked White, "but we
were saved ourselves by the interpreter. If it had not been for him we
should have been wiped out As it
was the -battalion lo^t tbe very, small
number of 150 men during the terrible
night, while tbe Germans were piled
in heaps ibefore them. A Medical
Corps man said f.hat the German losses were about 1,500."
Colonel and Captain Killed While
Serving Last Gun
From news received at Bordon it is
clear that Lieutenant-Colonel D. Warren, and Captain and AdMant C. E.
Wilson, of the Queen's Royal West
Surrey Regiment, who were killed in
the battle of tbe Aisne, met their
death in saving comrades. The
Queen's, which had previously suffered heavy losses in< officers and sergeants, were supporting the Northampton, hotly engaged with a large
body of Germans. The latter suddenly threw up their hands and the
Northants ceased fire, expecting them
to surrender. On their approach,
however, the Germans again opened
fire and inflicted heavy loss.
The Queen's by this time had practically aH the machine-gun section disabled'. Colonel Warren, however,
with the assistance of Captain Wilson,
himself served the gun and poured in
a devastating fiie upon the Germans,
and undoubtedly saved the Northants
from annihilation. They continued
to serve the gun until a shrapnel shell
from a German gun burst nearby,
shattering the gun and Instantaneously killing the two gallant officers.
and Distress Committees, and who
provide work for women who are unemployed through the war, are paying 3d., and in some cases in the West
End 3%d. per houa- to the women
whom they employ.
Another glaring instance of underpayment with, which the Society is
dealing is where in a provincial factory khaki uniforms are being made
complete for ls 6d., and breeches for
New German Revolver
.Much interest has been aroused in
Paris 'by reports in regard to a remarkable new type of Mauser revolver, which, it is stated, is .being supplied for use by officers in the German Army. I have not been able
(says a Central News correspondent)
to see a specimen of this new weapon of which, it is stated, only some
five hundred are at present in actual
giveni lt fires eight cartridges and is
sighted up to 500 yards, though capable of killing at a mile. It is fitted
with a leather arm-rack so arranged
that an officer can rest the revolver
over his left arm, take careful aim,
and thus make It serve the purpose
almost of a small machine gun.
Are You Sure of Your
Baking Powder?
Do you feel satisfied that the baking
powder you are using is absolutely safe and
Have you read the label to see if it contains alum?
TV Price'* H free from a!uro or any
doubtful or unwholesome itigredtenL It is
made from Cream of Tartar, derived from
grapes, pure and healthful beyond any
Sixty yean Hte ttandard
fS^M^ea a mytr
Wtttf^J/hm laykw^  jML^«r0««H|   mnM wfpm^m^Memem ■bill   ^LWlMMMh
Making Soldiers' Uniforms
From the following clipping from
Reynolds' It would appear -that the
"traitors" of every country, those
looking for some poor wretch to exploit in manufacturing orders for the
troops, nre as busy iu the old country
as they were during the Boer War.
Tho following is a good sample of.Jho
"patriotic" employer who Is "straining every nerve to complete military
'ttluch Indignation Is expressed by
the women employed nt a certain
Army contractor's factory in Loudon,
who are at present engaged in making Army vests for is. 10%d. per tio't,
A strong protest has been addressed
to ihe proper quarters by tho Management Committee of tho Amalgamated
Society of Tailors and Tailoresses,
who point out thnt It Is utterly Impossible for tlie women io earn the minimum fixed by tho Trade Board for
this class of work, and emphasizing
the fact that the various workrooms
that are being run under ihe auspices
of the Prevention of Unemployment
The following prices for foodstuffs
in Paris are a little dearer than duiing
time of peace, although in no case
more than 15 per cent.
Fresh eggs, 25c. per dozen.
L'eef varies J-om 28c to 44c a lb.,
according to cut.
Leg of mutton. 34 cents a lb.
Pork 32 cents Lb.
Chickens  (ismall) 70c; large, Jl.--")
Small mackerel, 6c. each.
Rabbits, 15 and 16 cents ib.
Potatoes, lWc. lb.
Tomatoes, lc and l%c. lb.
Green beans     l%c to l%c lib.
Cauliflowers, 4c. each.
Mushrooms, 16c. lb.
Red prunes, 5c. lb.
Peaches, 6c. lb.
Grapes, 12c, lb.
It is almost Impossible to get salt,
and the merchants limit each purchaser to -^ lb. .
From the above it will toe readily
seen that vegetarianism and fruitar-
ianlsm are practised principally by
the masses.
iThe following extracts from letters
found on Germans who have been taken prisoners by the French tell more
pointedly than lengthy articles on tlie
subject how the commissary department is lacking in furnishing its fighting men with the munitions of the
By a German military doctor:
■ "I am terribly hungry. I wish I
could have a real good feed for a
change. For the past eight days I
have not tasted 'bread of any kind.
iMany times I have gone to sleep on an
empty stomach and in tlie morning
not even a drop of coffee to drink."
By a non-commissioned officer In a
Brunswick regiment: "At Epernay
our life is not a gay one by any means.
For the past 5 days we have been
camped in water. We have only had
beetroots and sugar that we stole.
Bread is a luxury. The nervous strain
is frightful and our losses enormous.
Our company of 250 has dwindled to
60 men; not a single officer left.   We
cannot see any relief to this distressful state of affairs.
Private of the 10th Army Corps:
"We are sure leading the Bohemian
life these days. We have only eaten
brend once during thi list fortnight,
pud even that seems like a dream that
is to.d. If we ever get back home it
will be a iqiracle. Our company of
250 men is reduced to 50."
A soldier in, the Uhlans:
"Not a piece of soMd food has entered my gullet for the past 3 days,
although I have had all the wine I
could drink. We have Just been engaged with tho French, and they have
given us a warm reception. We approached to within half a league or
tlieir heavy guns, when my horse was
];lHed instantaneously. Thanks be to
God I escaped without Injury. Since
the beginning of the campaign I have
never slept ln a bed, hut what sloop I
have had has been in the open air."
Private soldier:
"Wo are seated on straw; the potatoes ore cooked, and we are going to
hnvo a royal banquet for, during the
pant fivo weeks wo have bad *braul
served jo us only three times. Wo
hnvo been fighting for five straight
days without any result cxcojH advancing and retreating, advancing and
retreating. Wo uro ull hoping that
this fearful war will soon be over and
there will never be another as long as
thc world lasts,"
ers finished their repast together. I
stood there watching It. Wanted to
tell that driver what I thought of him
as a man, but found out that I had
lost my voice—couldn't talk. A moment later both two and four-footed
workers went up the line in that 'burning, scorching heat that was not fit
for man nor beast to work in
♦ *   »
A big shop. A bunch of big, husky
workers. Noon hour. Gang outside.
Down the sidewalk came a young
woman of the wcrldng class pushing a
baby carriage. The left side of the
front axle of that baby carriage had
let go from the frame, allowing the
left front wheel to come back and
lock both itself and the near left
wheel. This made the baby carriage
difficult to push.
The young lady called the 'boys' attention to the matter, and could they
fix it?
Right away there was a stampede
into the shop and out again came a
bunch of mechanics and tools that
was surprising. There were bo many
volunteers that they got in one another's way and delayed the job. It
was a perfect piece of work when
done. Thanks and payment were offered. Tlie thanks were accepted,
but Oie pay not. As one of the bunch
said: "N'o. lady, uo pay; we are human in this place."
After she left every one was silent.
What were they thinking of? Perhaps a sister or a mother or a child?
Do not know, because none of them
said anything to me. lt was one of
those moments when strong men do
a little thinking and don't tell you
what they are thinking about.
* *   *
■How pitiful is the blindness with
which a modern middle class man living In New York today does not see
the existence and struggle of two economically hostile classes, lt does not
astonish him and he never seriously
inquires why any persons should be
without duties to perform, why without proper food, why the secure and
comfortable existence of any man
should cease to be the concern of all
society.—Peter E. Burrowes.
By Allan L. Benson
You cannot win unless your class
wins—the working class. You cannot win unless you get together and
stick together. The Socialist platform is the only platform in America
in which you can get together without
TinUing graftefiTand~b"unoo_men_sanir-
wished In among you. The Socialist 'party is a working man's and a
working woman's party. Grafters
havo no use for it. Bunco men steer
clear of It. Its platform does not
contain a -splinter of comfort for any
of them. It is on the level and on
the square. It will not break down
and It will not blow up. If we had
a Socialist congress today, this country would enter upon su'ch an era of
prosperity aj the world nevnr saw.
As a matter of fact, the world ha«
never seen such prosperity, except for
a few. Tho rest, of the people are
always close to the hunger line.
"Fruit-a-tives" Healed His
Kidneys and Cured Him
HAGaRsvnj.*, Ont., Aug, a€th. 19x3.
"About two years ago, I found my
health in a very bad state. My Kidneys were not doing their work *nd I
was all run down ia condition. I felt
the need of some good remedy, and
I decided to try them. Their effect*!
I found more tban satisfactory.
Their action waa mild and the result
all that could be expected.
My Kidneys resumed their normal
action after I had taken upwards of a
dozen boxes, and I regained my old-
time vitality. Today, I am enioylng
the best health I have ever had".
"Fruit-a-tives" is the greatest
Kidney Remedy in the world. It acts
on the bowels and akin as well aa on
tbe kidneys, and thereby soothes and
cures any Kidney soreness.
"Fruit a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size ajc.
or will be sent on receipt of price by
Fruit a lives Limited, Ottawa.
Socialist progress has been made here
in six weeks than was made in the
previous six years.
"The pace will probably increase
rather than diminish. It is our business as Socialists to see that it does,
and make sure, besides, that no factious conspiracy of silence shall prevent the truth about our national business from being made public in intelligible way.—Justice.
By H. M. Hynd man
"This great war will shake Kuropo
to  Its  foundations.      Moro  obvioiiB
We Are Ready to Scratch
off yoy^_bl_lL-any-.ltem_pl_luinher_not-
found Just as we represented.   Thera
ls no hocus pocus in
1 This Lumber Business
When you cant spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of cuIIb. Those who buy once fr%m
us always come again. Those wno
have not yet made .our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter ir they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —v
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,  Sash  not
Ooon.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, snd Ostail Work
OFFICE ANO YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Low Lights and
High Lights
Dy Ed, Meyer
Ou a sldu street uptown a pair of
charming little girl* shout 13 yenrn
ot age were standing on the euitatotie
looking across the street at an upper
window of the building opposite.
Theso two ktda were so absolutely
beautiful tbat no one could fail to
tak* notice. As I {Missed them, tho
first one said to the second:
"Isn't that Louise up there?"
Tha seeoad ona said: "J>~d if I
•i,_i, ,,,*•*
That  w.*».i'  mi j.Jiici- for ;i JunJ-HiciJ
sinner llko myself, *o I best lt away
from there.
•   *   •
An electrician working on the high
other part of the city (where thou-
ssnds of people pass nx-ery hour) saw
a little boy double up suddenly tn a
doorway. tVotody paid the lt$a*t attention to th* youngier eteept wh<*n
tbe chauffeur came along, lie did.
A faw moments later chauffeur w,i»
on the spot iwlth a blgh<powwed touring car, gently lifted the kid in the
machine, raced to a hospital. Appendicitis, operation, Just tn tlm*. 1 nm
tbls chauffeur frequently, and overy
time I do I feel like taking my hat
off to Mm
•   •   •
A timing, burning hot day wht-n
you could tee ibo hast -coming up
from tha supertieatad etroet pavement
In waves.  On the corner s Wa peck-
The Fragrant Orchid
—breathes again in this delightful Orchid line
of Perfume, Toilet Water, Talcum and Cream.
Think of it! The redolence of this daintiest and
rarest of flowers, skillfully extracted and retained
for you in the purest of all Toilet Accessories.
>rfhmes ttjoittt'Requisites
Bellevue Hotel
■> V4*     li*-***     ■•■#->*■*»'*•*■*
found the torn end of a kite string
caught on some metal work on the
coping. Tbe kite wss sUII flying high
in tha air. Investigation found the
young owner of said kite on tbe roof
or a much lower building nest door.
Electrician quit his job temporarily,
hunted up half a brick, tied the %-riek
hat to the tmt et the string (kite
still flying, told the hoy to get out of
the road, and then threw the piece of
brick down oa tke other roof far bn*
low. Daring thle lima the kite kept
flying last as steady as ever. Bey
got Ills kits and eteetrtclsn went -back
to liis Job, ftrstns end humanity In
that piece ot work.
*   a   *
Chauffeur staring la a garage in as
*!9ft    ,.?«*.,*>
lri 4 If 1
•sst Aeeommoriitlen In th» Put —
Up-to-Dsts — Iv-ary   Cenvenitnes,' -
tacoiient Cuisine.
il. A. OALUAN, Prop.
ease a Isrge piece of ke.  On the ice
a number of luscious oold, crisp red
slices ot watermelon. Up the avenue
came a horse, wagon and driver
Horse and driver hoth suffering from
thc heat Driver sees Uie lee cold
melon display and stops right there.
Wrlver ssya: "fli-mm* two tog slices
of wsterawlon." The ssle Is mntie
and tlie goods delivered. And now
this is what bapjwaed;
Driver walked over to the curbstone
snd while he *nta em slice ef melon
(holding It In hi* rttrht bend) be hold
out in his left band the other slice
for the bore* to wit, which the four-
footed worker proceeded to do with ss
mock relish as the driver.
Both the two and four-footed work-
Mrt. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water-Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by th<» month
European Plan Room Rate*
We. and Opwirdt
American Plan Rat*
$2.00 per Daj
"If I AW*
eljc District £ri>0*r
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H, NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48     * Post Office Box No. 380
"Canada produces the bulk of the world's supply of nickel and most of the rest comes from the
French colony of Xew Caledonia. This country
also produces four-fifths of the supply of asbestos. Both are vitally essential for naval and
military purposes. Without nickel the great
armament firms would not be able to produce the
quality of armor plate required to resist modern
artillery. Without it the Krupps could .produce
nothing whch would uot ■crumple up under the
fire of the allies'guns on sea and land.
Both Canada and Prance should take steps immediately to prevent nickel from the Dominion
and New Caledonia reaching Germany. At present the nickel industry is in the hands of a trust
in which British, American and Canadian capitalists, including, it is said, gentlemen in public .life
on both sides of the Atlantic. From Canada the
raw material is taken to the United States, where
it is refined and the finished product is then
shipped to the various markets of the world. It
should not be a difficult matter to take such.measures as will prevent both nickel and asbestos produced in ('anada from falling into German and
Austrian hands. One suggestion is that au export duty be imposed on it. That, of course,
would not prevent the dual alliance from acquiring the product, but it would add tremendously
to the cost of the war to them, which is one way
of putting them out of business. A better means,
we think, would be to control its export to such
an extent that there would be none available for
are willing to offer themselves as targets for the
rapid delivery of the finished produce iu its varied
shapes and sizes.
We now pass on to another illuminating sentence:
"This country also produces four-fifth of the supply of asbestos.'' Whoop it up! Hip! Hip! Hooray ! Who said "war is hell"? Hell is a synonym
of heat in the superlative; asbestos keeps in the
heat. Canada produces four-fifths of the fruit
of the serpentine, therefore why should "hell'
(war) be decreased to one-fifth its present proportions to the financial detriment of some of our (!)
best citizens?
Here's another tit-bit to roll around the mental
"Without nickel .... the Krupps could produce nothing which would not crumple under the
fire of the allies' guns on sea or land."
Iu view of this surely the kind people of this
.broad Dominion will be more restricted in blaming
all the evil of this war upon the Kaiser. If George
Washington had uot been given a hatchet he would
not have chopped down the cherry tree. If Kaiser
Wilhelm the gross had not been given nickel and
asbestos from Canada he would not have been able
to destroy the forts in Belgium, consequently they
who aire responsible for the supplying of the aforesaid material are prima facie ipse dixit accessories
before the fact.
For those of literary bent who enjoy classical literature, heartily recommend the perusal <Jf the
opus nvagmis of a well known fabulist regarding
the locking of the stable door after the steed is
stolen, or another equally.'charming story about a
fox whose bush had 'been cut off.
Gentleman! Hats off! Bow your heads in sweet
humility as a mute tribute to the stupendous intellect which is revealed upon examination of the
beginning of the paragraph reading "Both Canada
and France (entente mutuelle s'il vous plait) should
take steps immediately to prevent nickel from the
Dominion and New Caledonia reaching Germany."
How's this to be accomplished,?
Read on—"At present the nickel industry is in
the hands of a trust in which British, American and
Canadian capitalists arc^interested, etc." Oh!
those naughty.trusts. A short time ago they were
all squelched, crushed, pulverized, annihilated and
completely routed. Mayhap they have been reincarnated during "T. R.'s",sojourn up the "River
of Doubt."   Still remember, please, the U. S. has
■ - *
Plutocratic Combine s
Plotting Wage Reduction
(By (Max S. Hayes
.The working people of the country
should ..prepare to down, -brakes I.
The Wg plutocratic combines of the
Pittsburg district, true to their brutal, vicious records, have seized upon
the hypocritical reason of "the iwar
in Europe" to announce wage reductions.
If the Pittsburg conspiracy is permitted to succeed, the wage slashing
mania will spread throughout the
country like a prairie fire and affect
alll branches of .business.
The United States .Steel Corporation, one of the greediest of the capitalistic brood of labor-skinners, announced that its present "agreement
witb its non-union employes will not
be continued after December 3let
The Westinghouse Co., which only
recently was .harrassed by a -great
strike, inaugurated by 'its employees,
who were practically unorganized' and
who had been driven desperate by
their unbearable conditions, has followed suit and intends to enforce a
wage reduction of 10 per cent in all
its plants.
The Pittsburg Coal Co., another
large combine, has a-lso declared a 10
per cent out against its non-union
workers. -The contract with the union" miners will be observed until its
Rumors are floating about Pittsburg that other corporations are preparing to make announcements of
wage reductions as soon as the .public
becomes accustomed to the edicts and
accepts them philosophically.
If the Steel Trust is allowed to
have its way unchallenged, it is a
dead certainty that all the independent concerns in the country will be
forced to make reductions as well or
go out of business as competitors.
The same conditions will be reflected in all other Industries if the working people are docile enough to accept
the situation without a general fight,
for under the present highly centralis-
ruptcy courts.
Thus a great  responsibility
our enemies after the immediate necessities of
neutral nations have been met, and if this did not
give the required results to prohibit its export
except to our allies during the war.     This would
diminish the profits of the trust, which, however,
is a "consideration of no importance at .such a critical juncture iu the world's history.     Canada
has at hand a weapon of incalculable power, a
weapon"which would extract all the teeth from
Kruppism and furnish Germany with an unforgettable object lesson of the might of the empire
against Avhieh she has drawn the sword."
The above is a recent editorial in the Victoria
(B.C.) Times. Please read it very carefully; it's
worth the effort. Note the first sentence,* "Canada produce's the bulk of the world's supply of
nickel and most of ihe n'st conies from the Kreir.'h
colony of Now Caledonia," Quite interesting itt-
formation, is it not? When the natives of other
countries boast in what. rexpect tliey outstrip il)
all -l'onvpetitiM's anil urow chesty whilst mentioning
it, we of Canada, |iiny point with pardonable pride
to our *'!) prncliciil monopoly nf mekiM and
By the way we ure under an impression that
Homebody Iiiih said tlint tliis is the most 'terrible
war history Ihik yd recorded. Preachers and presidents have had their "Htop-tlic-wiir" prayer
days; Socialists and anti-Militarist* their "Stop,
the-War" purudim, Imt w* never heart heretofore
of a "8top-the-iiickel Helling" ertiMiide of nn ultra
patriot!*' Canadian.
Cel-j'liriiled polilienl eiMiiminiMK of different conn
trio* have been busily engaged lately figuring out
Ihe monetary eostn of thi* war, hut not one of tliem
has pointed out how important a factor in prevent-, ,„,      . , ,
ing thin war with tta eorre«,*»iiding preservation! AUat w nmM ,mMlV l" ,hfll mt'n *lu} w,mm
of lifo and property would have been Canada'* non-j 8,u,",d nut *iml,l-v «^,,n,,,,' lmmm' ihm* ar«' **
prod.ietion of niekel Incidentally mav remark we! ""J* *»> *"»» P«» <»' «»»«*'"• »**« thi»W»K *«1» «'»'
have n faint reeolleetiwi of reading au article bv mrt **"*to* <™ &* ««»«• «* **»»' «»* «"'»** »"»
Anne i,i..o»»H„,uenlii,1. i.upraeiiea! Soe.alM in aii'»«»«' ,,r *'«»>»• ■*» l!,i» «'M1 »hl> »**« "• "*•*•««■--
.iliaeimi j.tiblieali..., that would not be found in the!,hul "° !o"« »* tm' *«'1 ,,f ,m!M vmir"1 ,,',, m'*m
home of anv ititeileetuitl, fi born Hritwlier. ! w,,wh-v the ^ imm h ^ m ml*r>*' m ,0M*
Let iu «ak that Ihe .enteiice be read again; i **'"  <hf* '»" **"• whit*.-»l»v^ Iniffi,, nttretnl
"•Canada produce* the bulk of the world'* attpptv | *«<«»»*"*«. *tio<Uly clothing. The only remedy in
of nickel, ete." Wonder if thi* thought germ hi. Ilhr «*«<«*M» »' »»•«• world hy Uie nurkrr*. and
jwl* iUttlf inf. the reader* mentality.'     What »j '''*' rf"!",",-v *''' w'Vitr ** *WhM mil tht' W,lfkm
the ratio «>f value of the nickel mined In and around j " *""'** w',,,lv rt-
Htolhiiir.v, Ontario, compared lo the total espendi-} *"'"'* """"""
title u"i'«>iniied from the U'briuuuiK to the rmi   off.    The .-Mtb is fruitful.
♦ Itin *n-ne   ftin-irttw »»nn»*i**i* it ttm nt ** *eli**i**btttr *r»F-Ji»(-i ' i. ;-,»•, <•(,»>■>  t#.*  **:.t,r.****,*.r.- t ■*.
upon the unorganized employes of the
Steel Trust—who have been looked
upon with more less contempt or pity
by the organized  militant and  self-
By . M. Simons
ed system of capitalism the most hu-
such a good man, Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat at  mane, fair-minded employers    in    a
the head of affairs. given industry mnst conform to the
conditions imposed by the most insatt
What's the remedy'/ able profdtmongere, or enter the bank'
" When Sir Oracle opes his lips let no dog bark,"
_& I in If A£pr>uup_tal 1 s*4!fi Th ig_5g,._ji,j Lt O no-sustjes***-
tion is that an export duty be imposed upon it"
(nickel.) There you are. messieurs. What a happy state of affairs it is for poor suffering humanity
that the management of the world's policies are
under the control of the prototype of the editor of
■the "Times"; practical, clear-headed business men
and not subject to the chaos that must result
it the hare-brained visionary Socialises wero in
power.. These wilful subervsionists, these home
destructionists, might not only advocate, but like-
wise put their theories into practice by taking
natural resources out of the hands of the private
ownership class and transferring them (without
compensation, mind ye) into collective ownership.
The best solution to the problem of how to mitigate the sufferings incident to war that these wise-
neres offer is control of the export wliich "would
diminish the profits of the trusts." If. as stated,
this would "diminish thc profits of-the trinis." aiid
have corresponding influence upon the horrors of
war, is it not a hi ill wiser plan to abolish the profit
system entirely and by so doing abolish war?
This advice you will never receive from the sup-
porters of Capitalism. They will wriggle around
hint at this, suggest that; make use of wonlurful
figures of xpceeli—m sort of "l-eoiild-and-I-wouUI"
attltnrie~-but there it ends.
If ever thoro vim a time when those who siiff t
most from the effects of War ahould look info the
question of how Ihey can forever put an end to all
the evils thai lieitet society it is now*. Praying,
preaehing. wishing or quiet philosophising will uot
ueeoinpiii-iii the end denim!. If you awept the opinions of the linkers of the "Times" type you will
never overcome the difficulties that comfort yon.
respecting workers in their own and
other industries because of their tractable acceptance of every imposition
without resentment—Ao NOW- prove
to the American (people that they are
not helpless and hopeless slaves.
This is their'opportunity to display
their courage and manhood by spontaneously walking out of the mills
when the -notices of reduction are posted, and resist to the utmost the eKorts
of the would-.be alave-driv*fers to make
their lot still harder.
At no time in the history of America
has there been less Justification for a
general reduction of wages than at
•With food*, clothing, rent, etc., having advanced twice as fast as wages
during the past dozen years, it is difficult to understand how the working
people will manage to live if their purchasing power ds still further reduced.
'Moreover, business as a whole will
suffer, for it stands to reason that if
the millions of men in the mills ot
this country receive less wages, they
oan spend proportionately less in purchasing the necessaries and comforts
of life, and the upshot of it will bo
that overproduction and stagnated
markets will become all the more pronounced, which in turn will lead to
still further wage-cutting, unemployment and universal misery.
If the trust magnates were not
grossly incompetent in running the
industries, and treasonable to <the best
Interests of the American people,
th£y .would attempt to preserve the
balance ol their own makeshift, hodgepodge, individualistic system by out-
ting their dividends on wind and wat-
ter, reducing hours of labor to employ the idle workers, and increasing
wages so that ihe purchasing power
of the people would be materially enhanced.
But, of course, such a program is
utterly out of harmony wJth capitalis-
-tie economy, aad hence will (receive
ii-o consideration at the hands of the
plunderbund, which fattens upon the
pennies, dimes and dollars that can
be gouged from the masses of the people,
.The, workers of America should .immediately   prepare   for   a   struggle.
They should cry out   in    stentorian
 "No Wane_Reductlfln»l!!.	
Pork, Steak and Chops 15c
Pork Sausauge      15c
Brookfield Eggs     40c
Celery and Cranberries,
Killed Chicken and Fowl
The 41 Market Co
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR .•-.• Proprietor
And let them also supplement this
shibboleth with a demand and vote
for government ownership and' operation ot the trusts.
The Socialists at the elections
wblch have jUBt been held in Sweden
havo greatly Increased tliolr representation tn the national legislative
body which -corresponds to the American Congress In its powers and importance.
•"The war, Instead of weakening the
Socialist party has greatly strengthened it with the masses of the people. /There is no doubt In tite minds
of the masses that if tho Socialists
bad been the dominant political power
and peaceful security as weH.
With a policy iu our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the ends of the
earth and you know you're secure.   The best in
ts always cheapest, and especially so when it doesn't cost
higher. Don't delay about that
renewal or about that extra insurance you want but come right
In at once and have it attended
would have been avoided and the wnr-
many's oversea commerce with trade
supremacy assured to GngMslt capitalists for at least another half century.
In the United States the election of
Socialists to Cougree* must Inevitable
ly give encouragement to peace proposals. There Is little hope tor any
lasting peace from- hereditary rulers
ami the privileged' classes constituting the European nobility, or from the
jealous and rival trade interests of
Kurbpean capitalists,
The idea) of human brotherhood, If
it is to be attained, must come
through tiie conscious efforts of the
working elaes—firom an alert and
dominant democracy.
The workors of America, by elect-
In Europe the war Into which It has
been  plunaed by the ruling classes  •»*   Socialists   to   congress,   must
Ktrengthen the hands of the workers
ring nations would be living together j o* Europe when they shall protest
-Walnst Uio slaughter and sacrifice of
cles have led to disaster.
lu peace.
The election of Socialists in the «*u- i w *«d demand   a   reokouing from
tral nations of Kurope la not only a tho»« •<>">• «•"• masters whose poll
protest against war, but tt is calculated to strengthen tbe banda of those
who ara working for peace.
The war -cannot   go   on   forever.
Sooner or later peace must come.        j
The greatest force for peace In Ger» j
many will be the Socialist Party.
■y Robert Ingersoll
l.«U>r iw NlJlJ*|Njvr<»rfiilf to
tt*:-  ,,*f r. tr *.. ■ r *	
    _ Slavery Includes all other crimes, It
InVmncettie "various' groun-*"of go-| J* th* ^nt fTO?uct ** tot kidnaper,
ciaiist. will be found working for j ^*J,,r?te- ^•m.u!derw f ^ by*°"
pence once Prauw tbnll <b* freed from
In Knalsnd, where there has been
the most ouUpoken hostility to the
war from thn representatives of tbe
working clan* that lw* been voiced
In any of the countries, owing to the
greater political freedom of the Bag'
I lib ptople. we may be euro that no
oounteoence will be given by the Kng-
Ilth working Has* to th<* Inalatenee of
nrltWh <*apiuilsts that the wer •hall
lie prosecuted bitterly lo the end with
a view to the utter destruction of tier-
Established AprU 1899
* —_-_-~~—-_*••__—___——
Wholesale and Retail   TobaCCOnist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
,■,,.•.1 ;.v.Jm.1...I t\*ftt,i viMvAtvt ty,,.,'. *\ *»'«! fur ;*-"* iiefrV ni nliVtnrtiini'e ;intl fW ,A). TJjc 1..1.1V ihlij-u
vaic* up in $100,000 fur a general? Would it mil tihni ninmU in Die Hey of ao.1i » runaununatHiii i«
h*v* Wn Wtt** f«*r all ib* tMtixon* iwr *t'T«psp'J»iiiif'||i<" |w*mt, of r*piliati*t it-ynttm **t pmittrty m*t
Willi one aitoth«r to have jomwl toff-ether, bought f |ir<Mlu«-1toii. timlw whlfh lalnir ia -wialavetl Nml the
un  ftit»*i» *tii-lft-| wirtf* timl titpn Iww ***i«*fnTini.il"* !«tini"i»T«  i-»rtl*>tof>il  fit t-b,,tt* *,**■-,,t>t..«,.*        Tl.,.   ►,...,.♦,...
t lie in ' Of r»Mirw it would. Uul thia ia m*h nl (rni»in\'ntn) rimnnme mvm* **( ihrw prmhtrl*. the
atuiHilly simple tuertiwl that it <*«nnot piUiihly I slave* con*titn« to the extent of tho pnrvhaaiiig |miw-
hav* r<'"onimon<-M iMf to thone ,*hr*in.v*' in- j er of their tm«tm, The balance ig mW, and ran b<*
iliviilnnU without w linw Wm-volrnt awostanrr thr J only wold on ereilit. When rredit tnwhern «tm«*h-
Jow«r ordrra would i»mh or rhem r*lgn a«|»n»mi»!}wl to lhi» hnaking |N»int. imMliietlon wn*i lw wr-
hui-in nt our *low. di>li>Nrettiig uorktorit mavj laiialatid aiifferiitf at mt*'* Wginaamong iin »«ir3«.|
<fiii«Kt!*tn lh',* fn*thhn,' Vi'tty iVt.t nut */*«»»- nf 1htt**t*] .•*»* tfirv>nj»lt fiffc "f I'tnjif-ij iiifUt. I'titiicutt' uft, !... L,
Ktoetinirllri'U or* ihi* *or\i*r ?    ToniHi wr irouM{of iinrrhaxing p»w«*r.     \> matlrr how ermt tb*
nny. **IHov«l Kany )I*»rtc, «l«i o«»t iinagin-e thet tlm' *«}»j*ily of «*i»*«-''-«"*.ar*w*i* *4 Jiff., the** remtot tat-
In nm origiiwl idra wilh tin- ii>»*HrHi»»l pilot of th#*| Nitiwl *hf#«iw** of thi* lark of pttrthaainf |»ia rJ
"Timr*," not liy m long »hol: tk*r* it onr in-utr-' Wi«l#^pw«sif| •M«tnnMi $mli •wiWry a-WMWf tlw* w«»tV. 1 «h
mrttmtnbt* ohatn*)* in tb* ir.tr rtn*1 thnt 'ta
f*tmfit    nl'ipf vr'th *rb,ih>
,-if.- fuiTtt-nt^t'.'j,- aiuotur ♦"•T- r
profit-profit nwat bo ttmhmmmg.    tH thw thrrri ther <prid*n<* h n*qniml t» prove tliat igmrm**!
will lw fdwity eo long «« fhry of fh«* fin** olii-'i i.i in fh«» <mddhk, Iioo^mI «nd »^uirr»Hl for the coii'lu.-t'
ininr*. I'v-fintn. dblrilmtf *. wt*annvnl*t#a Jhf nirltrl'. of human affairs.
atCHARDt * MltMfll.tt» rAMOUt
MiNtmcLt at um own* oat m
erite.   It degrades Isbor end corrupts
! leisure.
I With the Idea that labor hi tbe besln
of progress goes tbe truth that labor
must be free. Tbe laborer must be a
free man.
I would like to see this worM. at
least ao that a man could die and uot
fret that be hed left bla wife and children a prey to the greed, tbe averiw
or the erueltles of mankind.
There Is eomethtnt wrong In a tot•
erament where tlwv who do the most
have the leant. There le aoaMtMag
wrong when honesty wears a rag and
raeeality • robe; when the loving, the i
tender, rst a rrusf, while tbe Infant-
ous alt at bsrmeom.
Tlw laboring peoplo should unite
aad should protect themselves against
ult Idtwrn. Y«m me dlvlide aawilkMi
toto etnate*; the teboriofe end tbo
tetntn, tbe sepportere end the eenwft>l
m, me aoewet and ta* dtefcoaeet*.
Btery awn le dishonest who Uvea
ayaa Uia tmmH hbot* ot othm, eo
natter tf he octuple* a throne.
We *n**A tr** bM+m ht»^ tr** tntt»#«
-free labor and free thought. dUIa-
Ieaa%ea4s and tmnrtem bralaa. free
labor wm give 01 wealth. Trtn
thought will ti** ua truth.
TMva will neter he a genamtkai of
free Maa until there kee bee* a gee>
eratlen   tt.im   woaiea-aT   free}
aiaiaaia* j
ttbm w-mtrn rmmm nut Mblec eji J
la tha tap* of pWtowphy. tbt victory $
Ot mom oxm tk* kboAo*$ feoet of.
-tailiacaa »tn b*. tompteto, I
Ha Ughie  t**.   tm%   awl   mumm J
mlimie m enwti ■tnt *****#, imrrlmt*-
nbonU he a ptttttx pmoonbtp,*di ld-
r«n rfiooW be -sov^med by Hudu*«»,
otwtf- Inmtty  *kmU m n repmtt*,
etmf tttotMe n idtmmmm*—*^* 1*
Fernie's leading Picture Theatre
Friday 23rd
The Werld'e Oreateat Moving Pittvrn ••rial
The Girl of Mystery
•IRItt Na. 19   IN I RIILt
ALfiXANOtlt OAOIN ani L1AM lAIIID le a Tl
y Thrilling
t Iteele—Mew weeW
f■***.#   Vt*^   *   ***fttt*
It make yeu ftet te bteimp a man far a Jefce,
• 't tt.ti-t ft44.'ittt hi.'S-i, .t't-i {A-*,t  U  v**-*' »*
tpaatat wtONMOAV an* THVWDAY, ottahar Mm anf tath.
PllttittM mAfTtWKtX, tb* rwwmetf mrjefon pHuw tUt tu, 3t««te
dmaMtte tawe at la—aei.    Thrflto aai leeghter. .
4 ttewte—A tel* el tore, edveeter* aai itattag.    Aa eteiltng MemMng
a milm, 'ttmnt47 *#* -emimmt Am taettmm eet mmm* tele..
f ffw wmWmwmilWHWmWJwmr WlfWIfl mm l»w ^ifilVWWPW
ortor Iveafng Pent.'
" ••e* hi   m
the'Aot-   I
mmmm fp--f!^pB£5Ed%S&*sB
of Tlie  District
Saturday last was .pay day up bore.
Owing to ithe slack time worked -the
pay roll was slender,
Tbe -Brazeau Country appears to be
the attraction for Creekites just now.
Jack (Myres, jr., left for that oaimp
last week-end, while Mrs. Hall. and
family and Mrs. Armstrong and* family are leaving tbls week.
The odour of cooked venison pervaded the camp, Bobby Glover and
W, Monks having brought in two deer
Monday night.
Quite a number of Creekites took in
the band smoker on Saturday night
and report a fine 'time.
Coal Creek Moose are reminded
that there is a social on (Monday next
at the K. P. Hall.   Time 7 p.m
The work in connection with the
out-door skating rink is going on
rapidly, a large staff of workers being observed ou every possible occasion 'Working to Improve the location.
'No. 1 East and No. 1 South worked
three days last week, Visions of a
brighter 4n the distance,
At the monthly meeting of ithe Ladles Aid in connection with the Methodist Church was (held Tuesday even-
'ing. It was decided to hold a series
ot .monthly concerts every Tuesday
following pay day. Price of admission, 10c.
"' Commencing^ Wednesday, Oet 28th,
Rev. ;Mr. Stoodley, of Coal Creek, will
conduct a series of mid-week services,
during which he contemplates giving
some of his experiences whilst serving in the Royal Navy. 'Special invitation offered to .the young men of
the camp.
Coal Creek (Methodist Churob Ser-
vices-HThursday, 7 p.m., choir practice; Sunday, 2.0 p.m., Sunday school
and Bible class; 7.30 p.m., Gospel service, subject, "The Great Salvation."
Presentation of Lacrosse Medals at
Coal Creek
A very • interesting gathering took
place In the Club Hall -Wednesday
evening of last week, when the presentation of gold medals to tbe Cbal
seated the medals to the following:
John. Gibson leapt.), Harold Puckey,
R. Joyce, Mike Armstrong, A?-Branch,
J. Worthington^ W. Glover, N. Patterson, T. Gaskell, J.^Fj-anoe, J.' Parker,
H. Corrigan, J. Monks, F. Smoth, R.
Martin, F. Dooley, j'.. iMcCourt, Dan
Nee, J. Buchanan, J, Hudock, and J.
Glover. After the presentation the
chairs were removed and the terpis-
chorian artistes indulged in their favorite pastime to the strains Of piano
and violin. Messrs Percy and
Hewitt constituted the orchestra.
. Keen disappointment was expressed
by the committee and players at the
non appearance of the championship
cup which the Hon. W. R. Ross M.P.,
promised faithfully to provide for the
league winners.
Philip Le Fevere, who for a long
On Monday night last an interesting debate took place in the Institutional Church, the-subject being "Resolve: Is Reading 'More Instructive
than Travel." iMessra. .Black and Mc-
Auly and Wilson took the affirmative
and Mr. Norman, 'Miss McArt'aur and
Miss Campbell took the negative. The
judges, hesitated to give a decision,
though it was plain to all that the
negatives overwhelmed the affirmatives on points.
John R. (Moore is pulling out on
■Friday of this week on a visit to his
home in iSlamannan, Stirlingshire,
(Scotland.   Bon voyage.
IMike (Brennen Is taking -Saturday
morning's passenger for a tour iu
Great (Britain and Ireland, this weekend.    Bon voyage, Mike.
A .smoker tournament    is    taking
"Creek BeaverTwas made, Dri~W"orfc
man presiding and being supported
on the platform by Sid Horton (secretary), The doctor gave a brief resume of the work accomplished by the
boys, which, in bis opinion reflected
very creditably on Bob Schram, who
had acted as trainer and licked tbe
boy* into sliapfe. Weirari. \V. R. Puckey, \V. Flaeley. R. Blllsboroutfi and
Kenneth McCourt rendered vocal se-
lections, while the imislcal numbers
were rendered by Messrs. F. Percy
and H. Hewitt.     Supt. Caufield pre-
time occupied the" dry goods section place at present in •.he Grand Union
of the store up here, took his depar-  ftiM'ard Parlor?.     There   is   ;i   first
lure on Saturday. Philip contemplates a visit to the old country. J.
Crabbe, of New (Michel, filled the vacant position over pay week-end.
•Mesdames Biggs, Jones, Hughes
and Morris, of Fernie, were the guests
of Mr and -Mr*. John Evans, of Coyote
Street, on Sunday last.
On Wednesday last, Thomas Crawford, while at work In Mr. Goodevsj's
store, had 'the -misfortune to plarce his
hand with a chisel, inflicting a very
severe wound.
■On Thursday night the Coleman
Opera (House was packed to the doors
when the Vitagraph moving picture
"A 'Million 'Bid" was screened. It was
generally .agreed that this was one of
the best pictures ever shown In Coleman.
Little iMlss R. A. Smith underwent
a serious operation in the Coleman
-{Miners' Hospital on Thursday night.
She is in a very critical condition.
(The No. 2 mine of the International
Coal Company was idle from the 10th
until the 19th, and prospects do not
look any too "promising for the future
The Coleman' Hotel has changed
hands, 'Mr. Needham having taken
over tfae~house and^enUre" staff~from
LM r. Grant Downing.
MS*. Fred Cox, of West Coleman,
who bad his wire-haired terriers ait
the Winnipeg Dog Show, secured two
second and two-thirds In this class,
.He also received a bronze medal for
bis exhibit*.
Tbe No. 4 Seam of the International
waB close down this week and the
shift laid off.
Another batch of men in the employment of tbe International have
been laid ott temporarily.
prize of $r> ani scve-t&l other   imM
presents for runners-up.
The great 10 p*c* discount sale is nearirig
its close. Sat* the 17th
is the last daya Wear-
ing Apparel, Bedding and Shoes are
things you must have
for the coming winter*  Get them now
SAVE 10 p.c.
No* I grade Wealthy
Apples $1,85 per box
Potatoes in S Sh* lots
$2.00 per sack
It is with considerable pleasure that
we .correct the erroneous rumor that
has been going around during the past
week im (relation to <Mr. Gallan and
Mr. Piard, two of the West Canadian
Company's engineers, who left here
some little time ago for the scene of
hostilities in Europe. Both are safe,
and have written their friends this
week stating that they are both well
and active. They hope to renew acquaintances in the future.
We are sorry to record that 'Mrs.
Jumes Radford has had to be removed
to the hospital for 'treatment. She is
suffering from a severe attack of
Mrs. H. Hutton has been under tlie
weather tor a few -days with la grippe.
Mr. A. Goodwin's two children have
been confined  to the house for the
past two weeks with chicken-pox.
We made 'the acquaintance of Mr.
Shaw as district inspector of mines
during the latter part of last week.
Fred Parker is a constant visitor
to this burg these days. What's the
TrttRCcfioiirFfEdT "
I Born*—Oot. llth, to Mr. and .Mrs. J.-
H. Wilson, a son. Mother and child
doing 'well.
With only the morning shift working here, and only five shifts last
week at that, times are not over prosperous. Two districts were idle from
Wednesday owing to the chutes being
Mrs D. Davidson has returned home
having spent an enjoyable two weeks
with ifrlends ait Fernie.
The Finnish people of this town
spent a few pleasant hours on Saturday evening tripping tbe light fantastic.
There ■will be a benefit concert held
In the Lyric Theatre on Tueaday,
October 27th, under tlie auspices of
the Fraternal Order of Bagles.   The
beneficiary on tbis occasion will be
I'M. Litherland. who has been Incapacitated since the early part of March,
and Is in rather   straitened   clrcum-
ftnnces owing to the present prevailing conditions.     The committee   tn
rlmrge nre upartna no effort* to mnk*
a siirress of the venture.    There will
be a reel or two of vpecat plct'iro-s
for the occasion.     Tbe male voice
choir will make their public debut
nnd tbe best vocal talent las been
awn rod.     Tickets SOe.     Come and
help a brother In adversity; let us
see <tbe best traditions of the fraternal aide of our union and orders prevail.   The brother Mil not be able
to work for many month* end you,
by purchasing a ticket for tbla con-
uen, cm he'tii li-nluifu ittu I(Mi4 <tud
relieve th# anxiety of our brother.
A number of lockcra for tb* wash
house reached their destination last
week and will fill n long felt want.
what bad' happened at that gathering
and the local • was satisfied.
iThe ipit committee reported having
done some business with the 'superintendent all of which had given satisfaction to tbe parties concerned.
iThe question which was left over
from the last meeting was discussed
at considerable length, 'the single men
being of the opinion that they were
not getting a square deal in the company's edict which gave preference to
-married men. With a promise ol better conditions, however, it is anticipated that the single men's difficulty
will vanish.
•The question of giving our old clothes, etc., to the Belgian refugees was
raised, but was left over owing to*
the fact 'that 'there will be a public
meeting held on Tuesday evening Irt
the Eagles' Hall for the discussion ot
things patriotic.
Some discussion took place on the
question of whether our children were
getting an education that would enable them to more efficiently fill our
places when called upon in the natural course of events to do so. There
was an opinion prevalent that we
could get In some very effective work
by forming a Sunday school along
lines similar to those adopted in the
East. (This discussion brought a very
interesting meeting to a close. Note,
our regular meeting will be held on
the Sunday Immediately following pay
Work at the mines has not assumed
the usual proportion that the fall invariably witnesses. At this time last
year the Gait mine was several hundred cars short of their orders, and
the mines were going full swing. For
the last week we have only had four
working days, but from reports received of conditions prevailing in other parts of District 18 we may think
ourselves very fortunate to get -that.
George -Bradcyk, a driver in No. 6
mine, met with a painful accident Friday of last week when a trip of cars
ran over his foot crushing it severe-
Mrs. Ralph Chambers is an inmate
of (the Gait Hospital receiving treatment from Dr. iMcNally.
Stephen Busila started to work outside this week. Steve met with a
■bad accident in the mine while working as a driver on the 8th February,
1913, and has been in and out of hospital ever since that date. He is
still a cripple, bis right leg being
about 'three inches short and very-
weak. Some time ago a 25c. aocess-
ment was passed at the Local to assist this case, and as a result two of
our members stopped pay-tag their
dues and quite a number did some
growling over the two-bits to -the local
secretary, according to his report after
collecting the assessment.
IMr. Finlay McDonald was visiting
friends in Calgary last week.
Coalhurst can now boast a mounted
police station, no less than four of the
"Riders of the Plains" having made
this camp Uieir headquarters.
Local   Union  Notes
Harry Woods was elected Recording-Secretary at the regular meeting
last week to fill the vacancy caused
by George Davis being on night shift.
Donald MoNab received tbe nomination for District Vice-President, and
Charles Peacock was nominated for
Sub-District No. 3. Both are members
of Local 1189, and reside at Lethbridge, President Phillips and Secretary-Treasurer Carter were nomlnat
ed for the positions they now hold
Also Dave Rees as International .Board
Member. The delegate to the Alberta
Federation Convention jjave his report on Friday last, and in the interests of the union the usual discussion followed about the high cost of
living and "War what For?" etc.
Dave Rees was in camp two weeks
ago and attended the Local union
meeting. The boys were pleased to
see Dave around again, as he always
has something interesting to tell us.
The mines nere nave been Idle for
the past week   and    apparently the
Local Union Notes
.The regular meeting of this Local
was convened at 3 p.m. on Sunday by
Bro. Tom Hughes, president, with a
good bunoh of member sin attendance.
The minutes of the.previous meeting
were pases J as read., whilst amongst
the correspondence read by the secretary was the following letter from
Robert E. Campbell, M.P.P., for the
Rocky Mountain constituency, in reply
to the petition forwarded to him at
the request of th^ Local on Sept 25;
"Calgary, Alta., Oct. 6, 19H.
"Mr. John Loughran, Beaver Minos,
"Uear Mr. Loughran,—Yours of the
25th, with petition/enclosed, to band,
I have been looking into this petition
and I must frankly confess that I do
not think there is one member of the
Legislature In a position to pass Intelligently on this Compensation Act.
My opinion ls that a commission of experts should be appointed to go into
the whole matter thoroughly and prepare an act that would do justice to
all. Neither the miners nor the operators have any faith in the present
Act. There are too many chances for
litigation and the lawyers take the
cream. You will note my attitude on
this question in the House, and 1 believe it will meet with the approval
of all .parties and be to the benefit of
all concerned.
"Sincerely yours,
Whilst the tone of Mr. Campbell's
letter might be taken as satisfactory,
yet it did not satisfy the members pre?
sent. In tlie first place our M.P.'s
frank confession, "I do not think there
is one member of the Legislative in
a position to pass intelligently on this
Compensation Act," is scarcely to to
wondered at, seeing thore Is no one
directly representing labor In that assembly. The appointment of a coui-
iiiission of experts may be all rigid,
bu* experience has taught is that tjie
great object of commissions, as a role,
is to kill time, especially if an elation is pending. Besides, the chances
ore that amongst the experts there
would not be one genuine representa-
the British, State of Washington and
Ontario workmen's compensation acts,
hence the following resolution was carried:
"That we, the members of Beaver
Mines l^oca'l No. 481, have no faith
in a commission, of experts which
does uot include a fair proportion
of practical miners, or genuine labor  representatives^ and  that  the
petition sent to the member ot the
Legislative Assembly for this constituency, (R. E. Campbell) contains
principles   which,   hi   our  opinion,
would improve the workmen's compensation Act of 1908."
The  election  of   District  Offlcem
was then proceeded with, and the following officials nominated:    District
President-AY.   L.   Phillips;    District
Vice-President — Wm, Graham and
Robert Levitt were both nominated,
but after a very keen contest, Robt
Levitt, Bellevue, got the nomination.
For  Secretary-Treasurer—A.   J.   Carter was nominated, whilst for International  Board Member,,  Dave Hees
was nominated.   For Sub-District Bd.
member, John Loughran, secretary, of
Beaver Mines Local, was nominated,
and for fraternal delegate to W. F, of
IM. Convention, H. Elmer, was nominated.
On behalf of the pit committee, the
president reported having completed
the check measuring along with his
colleague, S. Slapnik, but owing to so
little work being done during the fortnight their task was unfortunately a
very light one.
iy~ana"TCcesiHtCTiiig""amputatio"n    or
three toes.
A smoking concert was held i.i the
Miners' Hall aturday, October 17th,
under the auspices of the miners baud,
Fluid refreshment and cigars were In
abundance and everybody enjoyed it
Immensely. .
On 'Monday, October 19th. the Roumanians held a benefit dance in tbe
(Miners' Hall in aid of tbe Roumanian
church fund. The new church will
shortly be completed.
A meeting of the North side ratepayers took place on Tuesday night
in Kennedy's Hall, when many important civic matters were discussed.
Born—Sunday, Oct, 18th, to *Mr. and
Mrs. Nick Cherelenko, ot Hardlvllle,
a son.
The ladles of St. Patrick's Church
held a hard-times social and dance on
-Monday evening, October 10th in the
K. of P. hall. Prises were provided
for the beet dressed lady and gentleman symbolic of hard times. Tho
winners were Mrs. Audit and Mr.
Friday tout a very protty wedding;
was solemnised by F. It. Francis,
when Mlta Alice McNnb. daughter of
«Mr. D, McNwb, axdioanl member of
Diatrlcl 18, was wedded to Mr. P. Mac-
farlane. After the ceremony tbe happy couple proceeded to UL Mary'a
Pariah Hall, where a wedding aupper
waa held.
The groom was presented with an
Illuminated address and ellver bowl
prospects for worlTThls weelc~are~iu>
A few men were employed last Friday and Saturday and are at work
again this week repairing the railway
track between Beaver and the C, P. R.
main line.
Mr. and ..Mrs. Mike Torpay had bestowed upon them last week a bouncing
baby boy. Mother and chtld doing
well. We congratulate the hamiy parents.
J. Shearer, of the Butte Ranch, got
a nasty fall last week from a horse,
owing to the latter's frlskyness. An
examination under tlie X-ray by Dr.
Connor, of Pincher Creek, showed that
two veins from the heart had been
ruptured. We nre pleased to say,
however, that Mr. Shearer is progressing favorably.
.Mrs. M. McDonald, nn old-timer at
Ilea ver, Ir at prcnent under iiicdl'iii
treatment at Pincher Creek liospltul.
When the battle of Braver Wis rasing vlolfiilly on tiie -Ini inai u Dili »Ji».,r j
and an Austrian, named Ed and Alb., j
renpprtlvi>1>       nuirnnmes    ren wired i
went ut ll dingdong in what looked ;
like a tight to the finish..    In tbe 3rd ,
round, however, Rd. landed with bla j
toft on the jugular, whilst   a    right *
swing on the cerebellum, Mitt hl» op-'.
ponent to the floor for the mint. Thc j
concuHtlon of Ed's ham   and   Alb's!
cocoanut, however, proved dlss*trow« \
tor the former and for the next week j
tba champion might be seen exhibit-,
lug a white flag in the form of a baa-;
tlve of labor, therefore than- findings
would not be worth much. The petition got up by the executive .'f the
Alberta Federation of Labor contains
some of tbe most useful principles of
Nothing has ever
equaled or compared
with the medicinal fate
in Soott's Emulsion to
arrest tho decline, invigorate
the blood, strengthen the
nervous system, aid the appetite and restore the courage
of better health. n
Soott'e Emulelon h   A
pm*, hemtth-build- 6=*)
Ing food, without
harmful drugs.
Stephen T. Humble
"■"''''' ' ' "'•■'••"•'"'7",~" •""'*'"miTTT*■' iSm,--. ,;;in.S-..:-:,*~~"y".JS.y     --~*~"-^-^|^.....|.--...^..------|...'*-      y     —.     .       .. .«
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
from the kilties band, of which he was dag* on tbe wounded llm
.1   lUVlUJLI,
Tii<j> iv.'.iiu   iu   :\nitii
I    On 1 b«rsda»    oi   *<»* ***k Jotm;
' toughran set out for tbe South Fork ,
, j «ith .» rod *iiil *uii. lii* iitu»iu.ut>« lei' j
• Ing to make ihe IUitu> Ranch the hue j
•■ot opomtlon*      Owing to th*> river j
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
■^^—^.^99^^^^^^^^^^^^^m .   mmm^mm^^^^^^m^m^^m
W* will furnish your bouse from cellar to garret and at hot.*;
torn prices.  Cat), write, phone or wire,   All orders glvon
prompt attention.
tf yew ara aatiafled, ttll other*.   If not satisfied, ttll ut.
A* a meeting of tbe Methodist Qoar- ♦ ♦: b*iim high and intni«l>, <!<!»•   to   th*
teriy Official Hoard tt wa« At/tiAmt\mmmmmmmmmmmm•
to pout pone thoir concert in favor of. Tb* mine worked awo days l«*l
tbe Utherlsnd lleneflt Cornell.        ■ week, although • utront number of
A meeting waa fceM on Burnliy to' shift men workH «*U»»dy thene men
eotm-Mer tke formation of « rlfl<* elub. #r? the luck) ©«♦••, getting work *-t*ty
The CatkofN" Chart* building It rt«- dm, and it'» co trouble for the coming MpMlp ttttk the tahmtaty *ttort* ■ -pnnf to t*t » rtlft mnn any time
of aoin* of Its adlwroMa. (   nob Conner* started to
Local ll met In regular aetalon on th" <omi>iiiiv Tueaday.
fnclllnsi anow from the bill*. t!i»« finny ;
tribe were alnnmt proof against i«mt»- '■
tatlon, mt John trfed bit lurk with lb*:
#»!0o'.lna iron.   In hi» amlrty lo «#•!
rnn* a if-fcent b*g k* followed np th»"
uimi. but  whi»n <i«kn*»»*»  ?*t  lu H«*
fofliiid b!w*lf tfttr*! »lt<-# trom Mp '
work tor bnn* an«l In the vltttlty of Cowley
VoMHnt .» Msrht on .i ran***   aomtt* t*~**\
Western Can. Co-operative
TftKDINB 00. UMITID <     01 iT3
|8uttday, **th tba Pmldeiw   tn   the     Tke haulage rope tin* not proved  min** ott. b* bmtt ll »hllh»r and tor
'chair. Mlavte* of pre-tiesa meatiag. *'o be- of muci, AdtaB-ta«« Kt ia the'.tuttm*S> An* umnet*. Mr m,4 Mi» t',.
were adopted *• road, with th* ev- •«> of g«ting out ronl. The output; h. Ha»«rmanti look pity tipon turn,
ieyUou of tha uomlualluu of II. Klnur. dirireaaed nbout balf. i|>v.tt' -\ bit ot *j,v<> bim a iwxl *UH«er »»<! kt**\ iln
Michel, who nr-rowltng to tke Udgor. j grading mutt bo done, and the abtft-> learning it **• nia* mil** mor* to
t» « iwUtwy ptlitmmt Mkrtttftktt-4 *t| mm llum boil ytteati <* *"»" taluks [ Hta-m-r, tit* old »;mrt aald 'if* a M<«
Xormo.nm from lntortimtt** *o beet'rifi tb* tmmm to r»1 **** ***■» »wiMt*w ♦« r««.w»,».. •* »,.•• ■*.■*** ** ■***
|'a likely to be Uwre tew« H«m.  TUtoi with. ete. Met*   anrt 't-itHM btm* ***** ttr**\
n#*t day. 8»n*r*> then k* Una tJerlarM
pmee with til living eroataret, flab.
fbwb and fo«*l. «iV* ******* il ml
tpmne would nrt*i* a atory «! adv*n-
tn**   **t'h f»«   t-fh- '■*   '--f an* "fM 'ttt**'"*
It the old i|*rt* r»fi *»rtt ft. *t»! nm
tb* ywmetv ptmni-fm    Wi»tl»r It
wtmld be a mt* of "<!w!artng pta-ce,"
or begging for aanw* *«* do nol t»t*
to t-ent*re.--.*B«.i
We are totry to u*Atn tbat Mr. «»d j
' Ml*   VWfcrfttiMfc ttt*    **. **   *'■«* >/•' *•'.'•.-..*
lm: and leafing «,»»s»,.«     IV rots**.
Funeral Dlrtotor
and   Ifitbftlmer
Heailtton#ftSuppll*4S and 8«t up
COLIMAN    *MMM,?&13rt4t    ALBIRTA
I mitt awik* H tmpnwtmm for mm tw ne-<   Joan F. HaU «i«« *A* mine on lm**-
eepx oor wMatMUo*   for   Secretary-[ day and Ml tie troll for paatsn-a new.
Tit«m*«»tr. Ttb-t pwtiiJ«a twpMtt&. Mr**. I'UWkl K*W| <* aa iamai* ul
being uanble to fat la tmtb with J Diamond City lloapltal. wbet* aa op-
' Kliner ttwiinm llw meek, a* w* pe»-' *r»ttm> let *wp*mllt-Hi* km* kamtn p*r-
totem to e*ll tor front nomtnattona • formed. We nro ptenteO to tenro that
ilrathff J. Brooke nnrwreA the asm-> the f« progmmtag favorably
htattoa, |   Tommy ttemoo baa rotnrnwd from
■tJtmovpmtonm ant rnertriA from Manttntm whet* ke but been ap-eml-
Hadaot * loa**, a bonding rompmex len bla tummer holiday* wottiac tnr
In Kaa* Tort, wbo rotataal mr pr** \ proaperos* fanaar*. He Intend* to
mfum Ion-!.* f!it"t».|».'(t foi? <mi? nwu'" '. j'..*., '.'.t (Vi'httcut, tuv tlw 'fiiiwv '.{ x
mt atttfaf that tfcty caaM aat k**<»- fe*» ro* b* fwnd
Ut U(U'  IlU*iUt..i.       A^^Uiildl^ly   Uk*M«r  it        IU** W*UU *»* '*** **mv 4W.» *♦■«•■»., «»t|. n    >»   »lwm     l:->r   •»,»**»»    ttttUXn   *»
emteiMntt front *ota**a**ro «* mt aetUte tbkkm t**4. TV kem*m*m'i tVowtep. ettoetw* <tf ", w*rtm etmionm'
tbttuki ompff* bad 3*tar*M*l as thit' tr -am k$*m*4 with a fator tree' '*' wm tmm^wA *e' "-us *t-- * «"''i *-■<»*
tV obot* omntnmm ttmmnf trmi-1' rombnttmn o*b bla nefthi»i»n«. wboftiroa&tr. biadan-1 md M*Ht**ta!*v*
ba**tle tmt tmnttatm, -; iwv* km aotkiag Wi w***tt j ahop. and all kirnl* ot op f o-dat» tnrm
lb* wmHittt ott ttmtwotm to u>t[    TV UJM**" Aid fc*»# &*»«* imttiuit^-tuptletmont.     Mr»   »fc»*'f*a**a. »»«» i*
mor* fnfijrmifMti .on tHc.uuUU.1 ,X\-fiivx c«a Uuui tu u! Ux A iu uf "., »wia*Uw*(» ** v** L-*.^*   .va,  t.*.*!,*.
repon ta tm a*at aaaaUag. \ ttm   to   aiwagaiwa tlmit   Min**rt-. | tat gro«tly m***4 '*■•■* tb# l«>-*r.sj. **
j    Tbe wrtrtety. mho ttnn tb-r- loci''*' x_i*1\* n nnmbet ol orrmln-f    h:*%i*■ afcso bn* t»n*tt  *)»'   «•< ■■"»  cf  tinti, s
|f»pr«pai«:it»tl«,# nt the twmwmtm t^fbi+n In tk* fS*M and v**w-***t ^-kibomm'tet ontr*'- i»*» «'**■%. w*ri#*f
ftV .Hfcirta fW. af tt/nbrn. etttty-tl ttrt btttbt tm* tk* «j*t«
•*Th« Quality Store"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
Just to hand 200 cases oj
6f ZxUa. CW«44 Qy<Uii#
• l»«H«n I'tttnft* |w»r *ttt\ *! lit. 1Vnoln»a pr \ «»v ?l.I<i
Vmtrn jut Iwn ttt&MK fVnokinj; Appltt* |wr ltav\ *I,.T4>
Clioict* KrHii^ A|»fttt*N f«»r la»x %IM
Itt»f«m> luiyiiiK it Sweat«*r (*tmi mh" twir miiip* uf
MniN. \MtWm* aihI t'hikln*nVall wimlMonarch Knit.
I'ih»" ttt Mtit a\\ jMir^c*.
■ hiA. Ui luiid .i -!u|»utv ut u{ Si.iu*(u't->U \***i*'
W'tmi i ittlerwrnr in j*liirt»» nml tlrawem ami union
mit*. Al-to a Tiill ranjj«* **( l-atlicV .'tml (.'hiMn n'»
I tltaattat*
We pay 5 pc. discount in cash on all purchases
Th« Stora That SAVK8 You Monay
*■■» i
; f'\
I- T"1
Local Onion Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
C/eek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec. Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   In  Crahan's   Hall.
Sick. Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael  Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore. Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month,   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  Sec.  Box
105, Coleman.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passhurg, Alta.
N No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G.' Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
0 No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at;
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
No. 1189
Mest every Friday evening at
7.3Q In Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached,—Frank Barrlngham, Sec, Box
1*2, Coalhurst P. O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of 'each month at 10 a.m. ln
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G, Harries, Sec,
PasKburg, Alto.
Fairness of the
Colorado Coal Miners
No. 574
Meet every Ayednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—I*. Moore, Sec-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in   the   Socialist   Hall. —James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   86,   Bellevue,
No. 2877
.... Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in  th&^Qlub  Hall.    Sick
Benefit  Society^attached;—41.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and.
Benefit    Society   attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
We will sell at reasonable prices and give you the very best service. Our line of cooked meats cannot be beaten. Alwaya on
hand: Bologna, Tripe, Liver, Sausage, Black Puddings, Jellied
Tongue, Eggs, Butter, Hani and Bacon. Pork Sausage at 15c
Opposite the Post Office
Phone 52, H. Northwood Mgr.
A few weeks' rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Cdast
will glvo you a new loase ot Ute, or to those whose time is Ilm>
. lted, take quickest route east or west, via the Oroat Northern
,   Railway Co. ■ \     .        -
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
20 Hours to Victoria
' 29 Hours to, Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
Yo i will oujoy all the comfort of most modern railroad equipment. Courteous and efficient employes will make your trip
pleasant m 	
Before purchasing steamship
«. tickets, let us talk it ever.
The United Mine Workers of Am-,
erica have accepted President Wilson's proposition for a three years
truce and settlement of the coal strike.
The coal operators, who have always
refused to discuss grievances with
their former employes, .have Continued
this policy by arrogantly defying the
President of the United tSates.
Acceptance of President .Wilson's
propositions, which in many ways was
unsatisfactory and objectionable to
the strikers, personified the spirit of
fairness on which the United Mine
Workers 'was builded into the biggest i
laibor organization in the world and
which has made it possible to secure
contracts for 450,000 men working in
President of the United States.
Fairness is the keystone on which a
system of highest efficiency, has been
■reached ia tbe coal mining industry.
Except for tb-e knowledge of the operators in organized states that their
men had certain inherent rights, these
mine owners would be In ..the. sarnie
position as those of Colorado, spending millions of dollars to deny .their
men justice and employing men at
this additional cost who cou,ld onljr,
produce half as much coal as a union
man and then a large percentage of
that slack.
Tihis spirit of fairness on the ipart
of the miners has1 characterized theiir
struggle in Colorado.
When, on September 15," 1913, they
decided .that they could not obtain
their rights 'except by a strike, they
asked.only for an enforcement of all
law®, tte recognition of the union so
they oould collectively see that these
laws would (be enforced*, and a wage
scale similar to" that received by miners in the neighboring state of Wyoming.   .
Before declaring for a strike, the
miners asked the operators for a conference, believing that they could
have no objection to an enforcement of
mining, laws made certain through
recognition of the union <5r to paying
wages equal to those received by miners in Wyoming where mining is.identical with that Jn Colorado.
The operators arrogantly refused to
meet their employes, V claiming   that
they had "nothing to arbitrate."
•Consequently ninety-five per cent of
i.ti a ■' m.l-h own' ■ wpn t   mit.'
23, 1913.
ESthelbert Stewart was sent to Colorado by Secretary of Labor W. B.
Wilson to attempt to effect a settlement, The strikers -gave him every
assistance possible. The operators
insulted him, L. JI. Bowers, personal
representative of John IX Rockefeller,
when Mr. Stewart asked him for information, told him "it was none of his
Then 'came Secretary of Labor Wilson. He was snubbed 'by tiie operators who cast reflections on his per*
sonal Integrity because he was a member of the United Mine Workers.
By introducing false and misleading
testimony beforo the Congressional
Investigating Committee, the mine
owners again tried to evade responsibility for their injustice to tbelr former employes,
The operators likewise treated with
Indifference the investigation of Hy-
well Davies and William Falrley, oon
dilators appointed at the suggestion
of President Wilson.
And now comes the moat unfair action of the strike, the defiance of the
President of the United States.
The miners, believing in the integrity and wisdom of the President of
the United States and because of their
interest in the 'welfare of 'the suffering citizens of Colorado, have waived
■important demands to promote peace
and at the same time comply with
President Wilson's very urgent request.
How long will the people of this
country .permit the Colorado coal operators to defy the President of the
United States?
blood from a permanent Injury to. his
rib, and inability to ever again foUpw
his occupation aa a n^lner . H^ was 53
years old and -married when injured
Two physicions testified that ihe action of hie kneejoinit was gone, and
that the rib had loosened 'from its attachments, causing acute concussion
of the left lung and intense pain. Held,
that a verdict allowing him $12,000
was excessive and should, be reduced
to ?7,000.—£k>mineck vs. Western Coal
and .Mining Co.   164 S. W. 567.   .
The Delaware and Hudson Coal
Department has Installed in Its new
'-Marvine washery near Scranton, Pa.,
a numlber of Matan and Allen elate
pickers, which attain an efficiency of
98 per cent, in cleaning the coal.
The picker is attached to the discharge end of a shaking screen and
supported by hangers from overhead
beams. The picker naturally moves
at the same rate as the screen, which
is usually a 5 Inch throw (per minute.
The picker is made wide enough to
fit the screen desired. Its separate
plates are 8 Inches in width and set at
7-inch centers, which allows a half-
Inch overlap and underlap of the horizontal pipes at each edge.
Each pipe or cylinder has a separate
and independent action aside from the
shaking motion. It is held In place
by a steel rod through its entire length. The size of the rod varies with
the ipipes. A 94 inch pipe Is used
with a 9-16 inch rod for buckwheat
coal, for pea, chestnut and "stove sizes
an inch pipe with a % inch rod, and for
egg coal, a IH inch pipe and a 7-8 inch
rod. The remaining spaceta the pipe
is filled with lead, but not enough to
bind the rod. Should the rod ever
become fastened to the pipe, the latter
could still move owing to the fact that
ths frod rests on bearings at eu.b
end. Tha. lead weights the pipe,
but does not 'prevent it from swinging
on the rod. It is this swinging that
provides for an even distribution aud
Btfiifa" igopt--1 ^ood_separation__Katural!»—when-the-
picker is at rest the opening between
any pipe and the plate directly beneath Is less tban at the end of the
swing owing to the eccentric pivoted
pipe. These openings vary according
to the coal being prepared .by that particular picker.
The rock and slate being heavier
than the coal, moves slower on tho
picker and consequently falls near the
-Pipe at the upper -edge of each plate.
When the picker makes a back stroke
with the screen the pipe swings for
ward, spreading out any small piles
of the refuse within its radius, then
on the forward stroko the refuse naturally goes tho opposite direction and
the pipe swings back, allowing the rock
and slate to pass through the opening
and fall Into a chute below.
Tlie machine waa designed primarily for flat refuse, ao oommon In the
anthracite region, and   Is   strikingly
simple in its design and operation.—
The Colliery Engineer.
iThe -whole "civilized world" was
horror stricken when the great steamship "Titanic" Svas wrecked with the
loss of about l.bOO human. Jives. A
mine disaster causing the death of 100
mine workers, no matter how oaratully
the mane management may have been
in endeavoring to safeguard -the employes, invariably and rightfully excites the sympthy of all classes ior the
unfortunate victims and their families,
and often unjustly, excites condemnatory expressions against the mine
management When crowned heads
pjunge their nations in a great war,
causing the daily loss of many thou-
sands of lives, the destruction of property of incalculable value, the' Impoverishment of their snbpects, and
the ma'king of thousands of wives widows, and more thousands of children
orphans, It makes one doubt whether
tbere is -such a thing as a civilized
world. These crowned heads rightfully compel their subjects, to siBttle
■their, disputes peacefully in courts!
..That they do riot settle their own' disputes by arbitration, gives the lie to
their claims that they reign Dei gratia.
if God is not a God of peace and justice, then tbe religion the same crowned heads profess to believe is false.—
Colliery Engineer.
(It is rather peculiar to hear journal-
ists *an\ writers blame "crowned
heads" for all the wars. One is inclined to wonder-how it is that the
great civilized country to the south of
us has managed to get into so many
scraps. If "crowned heads" are re
sponsible for all the wars that odour,
the -States, with an absence of sucb,
should be assured of perpetual peace.
The king of England has absolutely
nothing to do with declaring war, in
f fact a little less than .the President of
the United States. Greed, envy and
fear are the. direct causes of .war, although a monarch may stimulate, as
undoubtedly the Germany Emlperor
has, the war spirit by deifying his person as tbe sublime and supreme head
of Uie great German fighting machine.
If kings, emperors and presidents reign
and rule "by tho grace of God," we are
compelled to admit that the deity Is
not disposed to regard .the Mexicans
with an abundance of grace.)
Baptism qf Fire
If you were told oi a new
discovery for the treatment oi
coughs, colds r.nd bronchitis,
as certain in its action on all
chest troubles es anti-toxin is
on diphtheria, or \ accination on
small-pox, wouldn't you feel
like giving it a trial? Especially
if you could try it for fifty cents I
Peps is the discovery!
Peps are little tablets, neatly wrapped in air and germ-proof silver foil*
They contain certain medioinal ingredient*, which, when plaoed upon the
tongue, immediately turn into vapour,
mux nre at once breathed down tha air
passages to the lungs. On their journey,
they sooths the inflamed and irritated
membranes of tbe bronohial tubes, the
delicate walls of th* air passages, and
finally enter and carry relief and healing
to ths capillaries and tiny air sacs in ths
In s> word, while no liquid or solid
oan get to tha lungs and air passages,
these Peps fumes set there direct, and
at once commence their work of healing.
Peps ara entirely distinot from tha
old fashioned liquid oough cures, whioh
aro merely swallowed into tha stomsob,
and never reach tho longs. Peps treatment of coughs and colds is direct treat-
If you hare not yet tried Paps, sit
out this article, write across it
tha name and data of this paper,
and mail^itt (with lo. stamp to
pay return postage) to Peps Co.,
Toronto. A free trial packet
will  then   be   sent   you.
n -"r—rraswi
fnr further information apply to |
J.A. MANN, Agent
Bm 411 rWNIE,B.C. Phone III
Legal Decisions of
Mining Questions
. y^N-»f mj^'-* '''^^j/j^ ;
Liability of Mlna Owner for Labor and
Materia' (Colorado
The own«-r of a minis which was teamed Is not liable to one who furnished
labor and materials which bonodlted
the mine, unless he encouraged it,
or, knowing thai plaintiff looked u»
bim for payment, nud) no objo<ttlon.
—Reynolds va. Norman, 141 p.4M.
Issuance ef ttore Orders by Mining
Company Illegal
(United States Supreme Court)
Singling out persons, firms, or oor*
poraUone engaged tn mining or
manufacturing n* the ones to be forbidden to issue orders for tbe payment
of laibor not purporting to be redeemable ta money, as Is done by virtue
of tha Virginia statutes, doea not render st>cb statute InvJild under the Federal Constitution, Hth Amendment,
aa class legislation donyfng equal pro*
taction of tbe lam to all.    The suit.
any obligation on other industries.
Tlie United Slates Supreme Court, In
reviewing the Virginia Court of Appeals, affirmed the holding of thc Virginia Court and said that the Virginia
law does not Interfere with the right
or obligation of contract*, and does
not create elass die-Unction between
different industries. In passing mich
a law the legislature took into consideration the needs and demands of tha
different Industries, It had a right to
exercise Ita Judgment aa to the different situations.-~J, P. Kelly et al. vs.
Ktokee Contolldattd Coke Co., it
Sup. Ot*. IM.
Tbe Value ef • Miner's Leg
An award of |i,000 In favor of a
miner whose leg wat broken, where ba
wss -confined for a month by reason
of the -break and ona leg became shorter than the other, it not excessive.—
INg Branch Coal Co. vn. Sandera, l-M
a. w. m.
The Duty Imposed Upon • Mine Owner
(Josef Bertha, a lame watchmaker's
apprentice of Salzburg, Is conscripted,
for service in Napoleon's army for the
campaign of 1813, in Russia. He tells
of his first battle in "The Conscript,"
a novel written by ErckmannChat-
I was in the second rank, behind
Zebede, and from time to time I
glanced at the other square, which
was moving on the same line with us,
in the center of which I saw the marshal and. his staff, all trying to get a
glimpse of what was going pn ahead.
The Bkirmlshes had by this time
reached the ravine, which was bordered with-brambles and hedge. 1 had already seen a movement on its farther
side, Ilk'*-* the motion of a cornfield in
the wind, and the thought struck me
that the Russians, with their Innppn
and sabers, were there, although I
could scarcely believe It, ; But when
our skirmishers reached the hedge the
fusilade began, and I saw clearly the
glitter of their lances. At the same
instant a flash like lightning gleaned
in front of us, followed by a fierce re-
por* The Russians had their cannon
with them. They had opened on us, I
know iiot what noise made me turn
my head, and there I saw an empty
space iu the ranks to my left.
At the same time Colonel Zapfel said
"Close up the ranks!"
And Captain Fiorentln repeated:
"Close up the ranks."
AU thia was done so quickly that I
had not time for thought.   But fifty
yards further on another flash shone
out.    There was another murmur ln
the ranks—and another vacant space,
this time to the right.
And thua, after each shot from the
Russians, tho colonel said, "Close up
the ranks!" and I knew that each time
he spoke there was a breach in the living wail! It was no pleasant thing to
think of, but still we marched on toward the valley. At laat I did not
dure to think at all, when General
Chemineau, who had entered our
square, cried |n a terrible voice:
I looked forward and aaw a mass of
Russians coming down upon ua.
"Front rank kneel! Fix bayonets!
Ready!" cried the general.
Aa Zebede knelt, I was now, so to
spenk lu the front rauk. Ou tame
the line of horses, each rider banding
over In his Middle bow, with sabre
flashing tn hia hand, Then again the
general's voice waa heard behind ua
calm, tranquil, giving orders aa coolly
aa on parade)  ,„
Attention for the command of fire!
Aim I flror
The four aquaree fired to gather. It
seemed aa If the skies ware falling (a
tbe creak. Whan the amoke lifted
wa aaw the Ru> slant broke* and flying: but our artillery opened aad tha
cannon balls aped faster than thay.
"Charge!" ghosted tha gtatral.
Merer in my Ufa did auch a wild joy
pooeese bm. Oa every tidt tho en of
"Viva I'Bmpereur!" shook tho *ir. aad
In my excitement I shouted like tho
others. -But we could not pome them
tor. and ntmn w* wt*** srstu tinnier
The 'troulble today is too much philosophy and too few philosophers.
Our Sympathy
is always extended to those, in
di^tressrbut-we-havs-no sympathy to waste on the man
who borrows his neighbor's
paper when he can have one
of his own at a mere nominal
expense. Your home paper
stands for your interests and
tho interests of your home
town. It deserves your moral
and financial support. If you
are not a member of our
family of reaJers you should
begin now by sending in your
subscription. •
Very Low Fares
In connection with
Daily   Nov.  7th to
Dec. 31st Incl.
Limit five months,
and extension privileges.
steamship tickets from sll Ticket
Agents, or writs—
R.  Dawson
District Passenger Ag*nt,
Calgary        •:•        Alberta
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
ft *
Quick, Direct Results*
Titot* io uouimm to eqmk ntwtpaptr aortitis*
tag for qukk and dirtct results.
Watch Uis gdvertfelnf columns and sat tht
class of mtrchants and manufacturers that um
this method of publicity. You will find thay art
th* moat succtssful In thsir rsaptcUn met.
Many of thtm heve trftd etfctr mtthods, but «x-
Dtritnca has shown thmt that nawssaotr adwar*
m■• owf»ww  »www pssw™ti   %wwp#w#   ■•*w*»  ii?Tipwiifw   wemnw^m
thing hat no equal ftt bringing; results. Tlia reason for this is that tii* paptr is road in tha bomt,
whtn the mind of ths roa&r is ina receptive condition, and on tht lookout for anything thst will
mak* lift tasftr er mors pleasant.
Til™ etti
ths WstHst Laager rtetbes mere feeders tben any et Her HP*'»"»*• *aee-
ror, tb* V-t'tiYi.* Pm-iwMflftt-f'fl Cotte Cd,.'
issued orders on ItteW directing the'
payment to bearer "In merchandise
only from tht store" to the value
apeclfled.    Tho plaintiffs   tn  error,)
K'Vn      ,f,94t     lltr,     »l9tm*1*t„     If      tlr      *.„■.„
*-   *      f   '. "\  . ■■'       ' -  *'    •>
court, havlag a number of theee orders In their possession, brought sou to
compel the ooho oompsny to honor
the orders and pay them In money In
accordance with tht law of Virginia
reoulrtPg payment to be made In
money. The ooottsUon of the ooke
company was that the law In nncstlon
was -tif)W>«#tltaUo*al, In thst it inter*'
fared with tho right to contract aad
that It aiagted oat mining aad men*
fsctnrtng enterprises aad rewired
them to pay 4a money, yet not i»l«4>lngf
Kentucky statutes, requiring mine {oslmir on.   We thought the Hafct waa |S
mtmmn w lurniso props to minors.)ended; hot whtn wtthln two or thiwo ■
i tmm apeek*. tmm mMn. ami ham
est«sf*Sass,     n     n    ts csaaa.
Impose* on 4b* operator of a coal sriao
the pmmptow and aondelegaM^ daly
of famishing sucb props to miners ss
are necessary to wake the roof of the
miners working placo safe whtn re.
quest 1s made therefor, sad tbt minor,
who is Injured hy tb* operstor"! fill'
nr* to -perform auch duty, may rscoror
dsmages for tht Injury sustained, un>
leas tbo dsager of tbt working plate
wham be wnt Injur** without props
waa so Imarirtat sad obrioua that aa
ordinary itnufcut tMtrsuu would mil
have eontiaooy to work.—CouUntntal
Coal Corporation te. fork. Mm. 1«
•. W, til. *
IxcomIv* Damegot far tajtry
imntomi. ttatetlfr.sMl»tr,*i«kt
ft ft teg, wilt Ui kacc. aad Injure! Ma
rib, making it atctaaarr tar Wm to M*
main In bed two months, nmA leering
him with s permanently dlaaMed tag.
which was satnful, a habit of spltttsg
hundred pacta ef tht ravin* wo heard
the rush of bones and again iho general cried:
"Hakl   Kneel!   Pit korwoeter
On earns tht Hotstana from tbt m*
Hy like s whirlwind. Tbe earth shook
btneath their wnlghi Wa heard no
mors orders, hut each man hnaw tbst
ko mnet flr* Into tho mass, sad tbt
file firing hogan, rattttag llko tbt
drums ta v* utmini tat Itn. A. few of
tbt Rasslsns oesred ta Wt saw their
fotiu* mtitoiMT <* moment through Uie
moke and tbea aaw thtm ae apart, fa
a few moments wort the ringing rytot
et df ntral Chtmintaa aroutc, i.our it-
tag shot* the rettlt:
"Como Rriagi*
Wa gc&tculy 4*1*4 uU»y.   t*mk wm
battened to <wi?*r a flea! shot, ftsa
tbt moke slowly lifted and wt aaw a
mast or cavalry sstoadfag the tanker!
sfdt tf th* rariat,
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
Uf District Ledger
Phone48a   x   Fernie, B.C.
f ii^sr'-ih-'s.m
Beware of,
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Vou're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS.' DUNCAN    Passburg
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Large Airy Rooms &
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Manufacturers of and Deal-
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Send us your orders
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
According to our .Municipal Court
records .there are now about -100,000
evictions yearly an this one cityi *o£
New Yorkv -No less than 700 evictions
notices were prepared the other day
and hy this time no doubt have, taken
This is the reason for evictions, and
every day hundreds of families are
'being "put out on the sidewalk."
Among others, this paper has described some of the scenes attendant on
these qvjptions.
Thousands of the people of this
city hnvo read almost daily of these
occurrences tor years. The descriptions are almost always the same.
The, "heartless" marshal directing the
work of bis callous assistants; the
weeping and wailing of the homeless
women and children; the despair of
the father, sick, helpless or unemployed; the few /wretched household
sticks dumped out upon the sidewalk;
the 'tin plate placed upon the rickety
kitchen so that Charitable passersby
may drop a small coin therein, until,
jf they are fortunate, the evicted ones
have been furnished with sufficient
money for a month's rent in a similar
kennel to that from which they, have
been thrust forth.
All that ic seemingly wanted to
complete this sinister event, is an
anti-Socialist lecturer to mount one of
the sha'bby chairs and hold Xorth on
the terrors of Socialism as a 'home
iBut why does the bress insist upon
pictunjrfg those disagreeable soeues to
us^ What is the object in this monotonous repetition?
-It is to excite our symlpathy and
pity, for that is Uie surest way to
safeguard rent and the results that
follow from it. The .best way to
protect any evil institution is to excite
sympathy and .pity regarding its effects. 'For most people are so constituted that when they have wept and ]
mourned over any social iniquity they
imagine that absolves them from further effort, and they are not called
Upon to do anything more.
Most all the "good people" will as-
pure you earnestly that they have
been terribly affected by this, that or
the other dreadful happening. Then
they stop, certain that they have fully
a-fniHttori Hift*fn!»olvAg  Z	
classic 'land of evictions. As it is mow
■j there is no comparison possible. Ireland is nowhere in that respect uow.
There are less evictions in Ireland
now than there ever werei
How did the Irish manage to reduce
tlieir percentage of evictions? Was it
by following the advice of the '.'Why
pay rent when you can own* your own
home" people?   Decidedly not,
Tiie Irish started a "Xo rent" agitation, formed land leagues, and gave
the government so much trouble that
the latter was forced to limit to some
extent the power of the landlords and
curb the eviction processes. The Irish
wanted the land .so badly tliat they
went to every possible extreme to get
it. They have not quite succeeded,
manjJNtf them still pay rent, but much
less than they did. And the game of
"putting them out on the sidewalk"
is not so easy as it was, and there is
less of it. They have Jiot abolished
rent, but they put a big dent in it, and
showed it was by no means so "inevitable" as had been thought. They
have mitigated its terrors considerably by united agitation against it.
And for over a century, barrels full
of tears and chunks of sympathy had
been poured out on the Irish people,
about this matter of rent. T-hey
themselves wept and waiied exceedingly, but it was only when they
ifound that weeping didn't accomplish
anything that they tried united action
against rent, and achieved at least a
partial succestsi .,
If the renters of New York could
be united as the Irish were, tiiere is'
no doubt .but that they, too, could lessen the number of evictions considerably, even though they could no
n ore abolish rent totally than th3
Irish could.
But rent is not Inevitable. It will
succumb to necessity at times, and it
can always toe overthrown by united
action., '/'■'-7-
In France today the soldiers who
are at the firpnt pay no rent for the;
places their wives and children live In
in the great French cities. Rent has
been suspended temporarily there, and
what can be suspended is certaiAly not
eternal and inevitable. In others of
the warring countries similar measures have been adopted.
But this sort of thing is done largely at the instigation of the landlord
that makes rent possible—also interest .and profit.
No man actually desires to pay rent;
but most have the desire to make
others pay rent to them, if they can
manage it* Nobody objects to "owning his own home," but the trouble Is
most people want to own other people's homes also. And while the
morality of the majority is comprised
in this desire to rob one another, Rent
is safe, Interest is safe, Profit is safe,
and the capitalist system has nothing
to fear. 'As one of its beneficaries,
tiie landlord can go on unconcernedly
with his evictions, certain that those
he evicts would do exactly the same
to iiim, were their positions reversed
And in that fact alone lies the safety
of Rent.
■When the majority becomes sufficiently intelligent to perceive that society cannot live by mutual robbery—
YeuwBliind relief btZuhBnk!
It uses the burning, trtir
pain, slops bleedini and'
esse. Perseverance, with Zam-
Buk, means cure; Why not prove
this? *"''"vqpg? ~
and there is no way of attaining this
perception except through Socialism—
then, and only then, will Rent disappear, -evictions become a' memory of
the past, and ever useful worker
"own his own home."—N. Y. Call.
Racial Probabilities
In War
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots und
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
By  Prof. John  Ward Stimson
||   THE.  H H   8^1854
The Home Bank was originally established as •
savings bank sixty yeart ago, ana it now does every
large volume of business with thrifty depositors,,,
il. Wn MACDONALD, Manager
vtOTOftiA avi„       «.       h.   -    ftatmm m. o.
List of Locals District 18
Nam* ess. aim f». O. Aeetete
HIM MA Him U'ltt. iietm, 'iobot, Aksn,
Basil—4 Jf. WSsstlsr, Umkkem, Alta.
Mwr Omsk,.. i. bwfhna, Benw Crw*. via tf>«b*r, Alia.
mitmbe.%. ,Hmm Barks, Box M, BsHsiwi, Alta.
TOnirtmre  Wm, Archor. Blairmore. Alts.
*tmrooe*,..*...,,....,.. x. x». ttnition, troontmte, bAo.
CerbowSale ...I. MJtsMI, Cm*w*s4«, release, Attn.
Osmbot* Mlekasl Wnrtm, Ceemem, Abe.
CeimoAb,.......•••.....m, MsaMsSt vsweaa. Alia.
CofMa  It Osrtwtt,CorWu, B. C.
Cbiaetk Uttm.,....... J. Emus, Cblaook Mntm Qommette, Alt*.
Weroto.. "Has Vptttll, Wtmttn, ft C
Vrnnk Urn* Morme, fronk. Aim.
IVSltm*  .Murk Witter, ttnkTMt, Attn.
Lrt-Mbridft L, ttmrn, Itt* tmm mxtmon, It. tadfclriigv
UtitbtUm Ct/tmrtm... .rmk Birtfmh—i. ceaBwwt Alia.
mpto Loaf.... T, O. Hutrt-sa, PnmAr%. Alt*.
jmKOit*................. Hl-CaigW  Pttnl,,.'SiMMra, ft C.
Poobmrt...............T. O, lisiHas
■ -W-t^mm^wrw ppmammmammaiwaaamm   ma   mwa   m m* wwwmm*
Tmbtt.................. A. .fttMWM
G»ng*tf"ft. rsumoTS...Msx Huct*r. Oeorfetown. QtsttWI, AMI,
nmr-Mu Mints .ffsrrr MfK«mw. ?f<ml«tf, ff a Hetttf ttemb
sta HSuss. Alf*rt*.
But when this paper directs attention to evictions, and describes the
scenes that accompany them, it Ib not
for -the purpose of exciting tears and
sympathy among its readers, but to
urge them to think Intelligently about
these matters, so they san act intelligently upon Uieun.
Can evictions be done away, with?
Yes. 'Provided -something else Is abolished also, The cause of eviction—
Can rent -be abolished? It all de-
pends upon what we think about it,
and all of us—Socialists excepted, 'but
we will deal with that later on—are
hopelessly confused about such a possibility. ,       \
Whoever, for Instance, bas read
Shaw's greqt landlord and tenant play,
"Widower's Houses." will remember
how the conventional parasite, De
Burgh Cokane, .puts the matter, to
prevent his youthful patron from getting (oo excited over the woes of the
hapless tenant. "Rent must bn paid,
dear boy. It Is Inevitable, Harry, Inevitable,"
cMost people would agree with that
view. If you can't pay the rent, out
you no. Rent Is natural, eternal, inevitable. The vast majority of people who sympathise with the evicted,
believe this, and know, of course, that
tbelr sympathy it useless and cannot
change the eternal law of rent In the
But la rent really Inevitable? One
doe* not have to look very fnr to got
thi* other view, Witt It knt Thousands ot^the very people who live by
exacting rent mslst upon telling us
the very opposite. They fill mags-
nines and newspapers, and rover fences ami ad*vrtl*ln« board* with the
query, "Why pay rent when yan can
own your own home?" which meani—
If It means anything—hi hat nobody
really need pay rent, nnd tbat it is
only tools who do, Thst rent is not
he titabb*. and Iny one tbat wa its to,
can escape paying li. But th** curl,
ou* phrase 'owning your own JtiMi**-**"
shows clearly tbe general confusion
f*tt«**niUi« tk* *}ioi«> matter.
Xow tet m look at N'ew York. What
part of tbe population of tbe gnat
city pay rent? Tbe aame records that
tell us about tbe evictions, also In*
tmm tin that about 3 per emit of the
city population "own tbelr „ own
H4MMNH, ***** en pM tmm p*i tvm. Atta
lii?)! .ui.ua.i'.i1 Jiwl Ihv ■j,'J'4i>-***\*ja>>i*!.m» w*'
ibe query "Why pny nmlT' cwuMtr
tbat SS per eeat ef \ew York** In.-
habitants art 4-oola.
But are they?   Again, li all depends
...   .....   yw.«-  w»   11*1..    t.  kt***t  tm m<
e (table, they art not. It ll lanX tbey
art. Bat Ibttt "Why pay tmlf nA-
momtKws have fteaa running ter gta-
erattoaa, and the retslt has been s
ronstant incftaae la the aaiabtt of
tenants. More rent Is being poM tnttn
ever before. Mora Umm half of the
Tieofile of the etmettr tte** tk t^tttm
nnti oter ktt per erat af tbem pey mnl,
and tht ptiwe-atag* Is to*ttattly In-
rmsiag, watll, a* weoon la Xew Yor*
99 par nut tm renter*. Ami tht mit.
tteii*. of -fours*., gya* fwar by pent
It ti yasrs Unce It em pot»t*t <wt
tkni Ttetr Twt In *h» t»»tt*r of et-tr
.tioii* waa far sb«a4 af fan^tai, *b-
,, m^ ,_ _^.rt_^^„„_^^™.|Jhrough_vartous-shad!ngs -aad
•Ciobs;—T^lBJ^•K^ow^^at^l^ey, cannot ■—      ■• °
get rent In war time and that evictions are useless; that when the soldiers come back, and get. at productive work again, they will again be
able to pay the rent that has been
temporarily abolished by war. They
know well enough tbat rent Is not Inevitable, that it depends not upon the
ability but upon the will of tbe people
to pay it, and for that reason only
it exists. \
Rent In New York Is not inevitable
because the 2 per -dent that get It
Hi Ink so, but because the 98 per con*
who pay it think It li. And they ouly
think so- because they have never
given any real thought to the matter:
because they have, when harried to
procure rent, or evicteil because they
could not secure it, relied upon ''charity" and useless expressions of sympathy and commiseration instead of
examining the nature of rent and unit-
Ing for Its abolition.
Rent Ib nothing mora than one expression ot the fact that one portion
of mankind, the great majority, has
to ask permission of another portion,
the Insignificant minority, to stay on
And to get rid of rent, that entire
method of life mutt     be   abolished.
Rent Is inseparably bound up with two
other forma of exploitation, Interest
and profit, and if It Is to go they must
go also.
These three things, Item. Interest
and Profit, constitute  the  capitalist
trinity—end these three   things   are
ont., in tb* e-ftw tlvit thty mi xr.ir*.l
testations of one great system.  There
is no ponalble wny of getting rid «f
one without getting rid of the other
two at the same time.
And the only way of H«-tt(n? r!<! of
nil three I* through a knowl-wlne of
HocIhUkiii. which has for Its objwt the
elimination   of   Kent,   Interest   and
1'roflt, «r, as th«» Socialist condense*
!t. tin* rapltallHt xyateui.
That knov-vli-'rtg'"   l»    Indlsti-pnwibM.
Hwuimlhv will not bring it: Itirn-m:*.'
tions will not bring It; chnrity wtll
not bring It.    Th*- will «n»t determfria-
Uon to atudy Hoclalisnt Is the only
thing thst wtll brinr it
Hut tbst would mesa revolution, no
up-nettlng of presmt arrangement*. Of
The scientific student of human life
on this planet finds that fundamental
or primary differences exist in a few
prime rates, very much as white light
divides into the three prim e'-color*—
red, yellow and blu#—from which any
number of minor subordinate blends
may flow. But these latter tend to
hark back, to revert to their primaries, or to seek their most harmonious complementary hues to attain the original white light frbm
which all originally) come. The artist
and architect knows that the same
law exists ln force tendencies and
form correlations. Right, round and
radiate tendencies result in square
circular and star formations as prime
forms, which, like the three prime
colors, can blend, overlap and' combine endlessly, yet remain so fundamentally different in their 'primary
character'that they can never be substituted one for the other. Yet tl>ey
require each other as compleraent-
aries in order to attain the first grand
harmony from which all derive themselves.
As the first great cause or universal
intelligence seems to be advancing all
material formations, from chaotic
darkness to light, by the introduction
of  solar radiance,   or   white   li^kt,
bindings of the above colors and forms,
so it seems to be advancing our intellectual and spiritual progress from
the darkness of Ignorance to the white
light of full comprehension by graded shadings and colorations of racial
Indeed, there has been an obvious
rising from the rudimentary wild, or
black, men to the later and approximately yvhlte men by way of shadings
of the black and colorations of the
white. We see the lowest (negroid)
black clearing up Into the bluish
black, reddish black or brown (Nubian), yellowish black (Malaysian),
through the red (Indian) men,/to the
whites (tinted); bluish whites about
the north seas of Europe; reddish
whites about the Mediterranean sea*
and yellowish whites about the Rust
Indian and Chinese seas.
Now, although, in apocalyptic vision
the great Hebrew seer saw celestial
men, tr angels, "so white that no fuller's earth could whiten It." we reco?-
nUe thnt vision «« n spiritual conception of absolute'purity not yet attained
on earth. Here we are. all ami every
being, shaded or tinted with our
varied coloration* or cotuplexlonliig
by terrestrial limitations In imperfection In son) and body.
To come back to our flrat state-
mtnt: we do not find these variation*
and limitations any more actually at
fault or to blame In any way than w*
do Ihe diver»e form* and eelom ot
fruit trees; tbay each have a specific
nut!. pm-M'-unnUu -»<■)»leu io H'luim. liut
we do find a natural tendency In them
to classify and lo revert to primary
types after Wending.
Among later and more advanced
whllr races ««• distinctly rm•ojoito,
csiieclaily among the northern blue
*»y«*d whiten, n remarkable rigor of
cold, calculating, Intellectual and
forceful mtcbanlcal and military energy wiib remarkable revereiic-e (nr
never* reason and Its *frafghtforwarl.
m'tilneai lln^n and re«;*t|ve angle*
typified by the square. It Is the intellectual and scientific Teuton Scan
dlnavian and Afeiglo-ttaxon,
In the warmer, more m*rM.ora! ,ind
-tsalonnw reddish whites, or Utiiii
race, such a* the French,   gpauisb.
In the present European struggle—
wihile local or temporary strains of
blood crossing or commercial and
complementary affiliations may Jbrief-
ly' tie' fragments together—I venture
to 'believe that the Italian and Greek
will gravitate to the French side; the
more orientally temperamented Russian will absorb the Serb and Slav,
though drawing back frpm both English and Latin. But the entire Teutonic, Scandinavian and Saxon elements will -find congenial and harmonious rapprochment In time. For
these will be found the best and most
stable in the natural order^of historic
gravity and doubtless best when tbey
all recognize and attain the eternal
fitness of Life's plan and of each one's
place and role, best for thia sublime
consummation of harmony in the
wbite light.—N.Y. Call.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies *
The civilization of a nation depends
on its natural resources and the ability, of its people to make use of them.
During the last few weeks we have
been suffused with information reln-
Meets every Wednesday
evening* at 8 o'clock in K. P.
'Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Meet at Aiello'e Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria''" Avenue.
C. C, T, Ratcllffe.
K. of S.. O. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
Meets  every    Monday  at
7:30 p. m„ in K. of P. Hall.
'   Dictator, F. H. Newaham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
W. ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRI011TON, W. M.
J. SHILLING, Rec. Sec.
A. Macnell
course it would.    That i* tbe   prJ«-e j fortugue.e. Italian and Oretk. we find
which win liavs to bt pnU, it wa dt'
eld* to pny no more rent.
the trade with the South American
republics which the great European
maritime nations had previous to the
war in which they are, now engaged.
As we lack shipping facilities and International banking arrangements, we
are in the position of tha hungry tramp
who said it he had sone ham and some
eggs and some matches he would have
some ham and eggs.
With the view of aiding the coal
operators of the United States to expand their markets at a time when
the exporters of other conl producing
countries are Inactive, the Bureau of
Mines has Issued a bulletin describing Uie various coals which are best
available for foreign shipment. It :s
to be hoped that our coal oiieraJorn
in some way caa take advantage of
tbls situation. But here comes the
rub, the ISngllsh and French oppose
our purchasing vessels for this or any
other export trade; ostensibly because the money would relieve 'ler-
man cigencles, but as wo see It. thoy
(ear that the vessels In the hands of
unscrupulous Americans would furnish
Austria and Germany with contraband
of war.   , ' ' |
A direct benefit   from    this   war]
would accrue to tbe United States tf j
ita citizens would now start. In *nl
build a merchant marine; would deve-j
lop natural resourcea and manufacture
materials from them for wblch we ore
now dependent on foreign nations-
and alao If they would through *»!.:-
uble  bunking  arraiisement*  develop!
u *yttt.t m a' rfi.'.!'.a ■nlxtt l») uur i»wi.u ,
factured -article* would   be   hartert.tl
for the raw mtlerliil* »i*il food  \*r-*A
ducta of Routh America, j
Thnt an expansion of trade waa po»-j
siblf did iin: require the European '-*
war to fbn-f.; however, tome ptopie *
1m\* to put their fingers on n butt *a«r (
•o me if It Is going around.
do far the war has greatly t«j ir»>»'
the United Htatps,   because   through
short   Kiglitedne**   *tt aw  iimiWI..    ■■
take advantage of the opportunities «»r
fered, and In addition has Interferes!
with Industry      Witb ,hit> «.«;»'■•  »
Whipple, we nn* !e-l on tht* «w*"n«i'fi J
tu ,ur.MI".'-"'" '"•- word*   and    »<)   *;
The voice of ihe »ij»ti »m-in never made
.*   #le*B»»!iiit,   rieptwr  «tl«l   the   **ettr<1 ■
of tbe warrior or the pen of the writer *.
\ If you would *** lb* tne need of * \
mt*t**t*'i**t  •rriiatnt* t**it **'ri.i*it  i.*;,.*,.   ,-,•,*
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notarlea,   Etc
Offlcea:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
P. C Laws Alex. I. F<shar
Farnls, & C.
Will Soon Be Here
Wa can supply your ne«da In
either eoal or wood hsatsrs.
Call In and look ovtr our stoek
of range* and heaters bafors tba
cold wtathar arrives.
tto- iwmUl.  eocial.  i'»Ht* mi:i  mot"
Tbat Is thej sDontane-fufidr *mn:tr<nsl   met!   itvtt.-
ittmg mat is ream   ineritsOle. I ion, ennditfons or  the  heart   which i the million* ot tm«be1* nf atb*** **>*
A* im ■.,** mtt-***ii,> u* ti, *• n, uy*. u | »»>-.«H*M»iutuk*>> revere wnU ttmftanO xo golden corn, th* bafea upon hate* nt
tbe *etium*nu and paaslona, but eotton that ownot reach those yhn
.ailffi? vktM h) luiurtt, not tmjt] m^i Ui«m most; *n4 then we w«i,-i
mobile to aympatbles affecUona and »ho» ym tbe p*acefal «>nd»lon«« <n
fnthti»l*jtm- txtiittfil  txetier    by    ibe  mt *hif»*sr*4* tf 'he**  *r* ■**■■   ',*'•
lea#t a« moral nu aa eviction! Tbe
nwftnlMf ittt *f*cll»g tb* IsmkHwHI t# til
least on a par wiib bla erlctlon of you,
A system which puts tbe landlord oa
tu« ftMw**** ** mt mm* mhhm xwmtt vue
onn which puta the tenant tbere. It
la even wor* so, If tber* la any moral
ity In tbo adloratlon. "Wby pay rant
when pie can own your own home?"
It it no more moral to pay rwat
tbnn not tn per ff, aad tk* *** tbfnt
i* no more inevitable thaa tb* other.
fine nr 1b* t\*ht*r ilt*itnr,/t* in thu* ?■»*!
*mli*l* ou Ik* *JU of tbe peopk.
but the real trouble It tbat tbe pe-ople
hare no will tmemm* tbey laek tbe
ktw>*le*Jge tm***a,ti to ttmt* wilt.
The toteet* wt tbla fflwaiaitrr ne* tb*
vast omfottlr: Ib* twn*l*tm *t r**t am
4 tmnll mlnotl'y. It is tb* asoraMtf
of tbe mfnorl'r Imposed ujwn and
latnoaaiy  mt-t*pit4  by  tb*  mafartty
aaotMl* and glooolsr ctrel* or apb*r«.
Among ib* Oriental. y*i«ow|ali wWt*»
w« nnd tbat ramarkable and multltu
dinous eowplenlty, drwmy dlffn»f<»«i.
melapfa>al(al Abstract ion. crnitempla
tion, rat*rt*. ItHagtnation *nd phlloso
ibU* vUfnit fn,m «'!"• '■
and explain to you wbat might be an '
mmplifhed la th* way of giving em *
ployment to (h* many now Idle llirough j
i,o fault of theirs. *
It ha« been oor Iwaat thai we were'
Independent of all nations and could >
s*o Jar,
Hardware and
Be Oa
^ a    *m<«*(fi'ir«nt      -fm      »-■•■      ammm * ■«*ri*«*>      •«***•     » WWm    •■   ^Af   I  BlBI    * fc^
t't-- «r-.i'. jm^uc"e Mrijtftiiig mt- need,     tto Jar. .WL I vk IV   ^
rellfloes sad »aychoio»k»i phlteaopb. J m ^^ j,,,, mt, ^BI1<W mn m „„ m, t »»»** w   m
I*"* h.tro jpr-UUfc.   T..i.:  ...AtHil l* ■*,) -ottrt*. an<l wuiww a m*i«*tiar,« n-**nf'.n*
propriotetf tb* star **t th.- »tar w»»r-
»blpp*T» neti tb* Mx0<
In Amttlen w* nr*' >b* melttng pot
ot all. eww-Wmng, hn «iih n Haunt-.
rwtfAmiA* in mr iMrr.ii*item ■■m.ikm,
ft i**m »»mDfi,ii»' r-; ■-tr .ntn*;:m i.;*
tlota and ee Aatatir «»{»ba»la on oar
w*at«m or Parlfi.  *!n-.ri.» mil l.»Hnd
me ana aa bucolic aa tb* farm*r l'i*{
miles from tb** r»i!r»»(J mlxb *» tm<b|fl«r «ipj4WI ws ilia tlw tmmk Uibi*».
farm   r«|«*f> KMia**r. f |(#flWW, ^ ,^w
Tte ffawtaii Ihil. P*., mm* tit*, '*  f)|yiNO flflOU  IN unNNKCTfO*
... .Vliu.;i,Ckl ta Ua»* >.i»,*Uk»>»i4 4.i-*»MM<^<»»ii
wofib et eoal I* 3I y-rars, and to ■h**,-'.  ..
r«»*t j'bout |j.»<»m.«MiM u, 'ht* nitfmfi't.
m*4* IO qtt*ttrh I'     CrylVf.ri  >>-,t(imit+r   tj WUS, • ftAA
!! ■y,yjj
^tK**irvi~<^t*~c?^*m.i-**t**'«n'H*miiMi *t**mr-i**
rCg--£?fr*&~- ..
-'     -      '--   SXA-'tS^- '■ :■*''* :•    *"
-.--4,'vrrp}'.-'• *.iSf*,-jS5.*iS';. r\n:^9v-*?;'-'-. ■"■•
' '^"cviim
Count Your Blessings
Boy's Sweaters & Underwear
How many of us appreciate the many blessings
that liave been thrust upon us in this wonderful
country of ours? "We have been so blessed with
good crops and industrial activity, that many of us
overlook the other reasons for thanksgiving.
Would you like to go back to the days when you
could only buy heavy, poorly made footwear? Fine
shoes, as we know them, were unknown then.
Xow, with improved facilities and greater experience, footwear has almost reached the stage of perfection. No more conclusive proof of this can be
found than in Invictus Shoes.
We are thankful that we are able to offer you a
large range to choose from.
You'll be thankful for foot comfort when we
have sold you a yair of
We have a full line of attractive Sweaters in
hand-knit and fancy weaves, with high collars and
others have roll collar, which fastens close »to thc
neck when desired. They come in solid colors and
others with contrasting trimmings. Sizes, 36 to 42.
Prices ranging from $2.25 to $10.00
Children's Wool Sweaters and Suits for all sizes.
Come in all colors. Prices ranging from 75c. to
We carry the greatest variety of boy's Sweaters
.aid Underwear in the district.     All lines of Coat
Sweaters, '-V" neck Sweaters, Pull-over SAveaters
and Jerseys buttoned on shoulder are carried in all"
In two-piece and combination, in fleece-lined, flat-
knit wool, and ribbed wools. In all well-known
makes, such as Stanfields and Penman's. We can
give you perfect satisfaction in boy's underwear.
See us for Special Saturday Offering
Our week-end offerings this week will be devoted
to the boys. Suits, Overcoats, Odd Pants, Sweaters
and Mackinaw clothing for boys from 4 years to
35 years.
We have a display in our big window of all the
newest 1934 ancl 1935 styles in Children's Suits and
Children's Suits priced from .... $2.50 to $10.00
Boys' Suits, priced from  $4.50 to $15.00
Children's Reefers, $4.50, $5.00, $5.50 and $7.50
Boy's Overcoats, in great variety, priced for Saturday at $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, and up to $10.00
Boy's Mackinaw Coats, absolutely wind proof and
will resist snow better than any coat made.
Children's Winter Dresses
The values we are offering are absolutely exceptional, and we have a great range of prices and
styles for your selection. Velvet, panama, serge
and wool delaines. Neatly trimmed with contrasting material and braids. Sizes: 2 years to 16 yeafis.
Prices from $1.50 to $8.50
Black, all sizes  $4.50
Blue, all sizes ..  $5.75
Heavy Corduroy Coats, with sheepskin lining
and collar.     This coat cannot be beat for a boy's
school coat.
Saturday's price each $6.00
36 Inch Heavy Coatings, $1.35 per yd.
This is an extra good quality and comes in the
broken check effect. Extra heavy weight, specially
suitable for Ladies' and Children's Winter Conts.
Saturday Special  per yard $1,35
Groeery Specials
Fop Saturday
Eastern Township Creamery Butter, 3 lbs.     1.00
Robin Hood Breakfast Pood, 2 lb. pkg, 3 for    .25
Gold Standard Baking Powder, 16 oz 20
Gold Standard Coffee, 1 lb. tin 40
Mixed Biscuits, 2 lbs. for ........    .25
Two-in-One Shoe Black, 3 for 25
Lowney's Cocoa, y2 lb. tin 25
Eggs, 2 do7,en % 65
Little Herring in Sauce, 2 for 25
Cranberries, 2 lb 25
Salt, 4 1b : 25
Canada First Jam, 5 lb. pails 60
Sherriff's Jelly Powder, 4 for 25
Dalley's Mustard, 16 oz. 25
Simcoe Pork and Beans, 3 lb. tin     .10
Lima Beans, 3 lb 25
Sago, 4 lb 25
Carrots, 12 lb 25
Turnips, 15 lb 25
Fancy Jonathan Eating Apples, 5 lb 25
School Scribblers, 7 for 25
School Exercise^Books, 7 for, 25
School Pencils, per dozen 10
Large Writing Pad    15
Envelopes to Match, per pkg 05
An all-wool Llama Hose, winter weight, full fashioned and a splendid wearer.     Sizes, 8l/» to, 10.
Regular, 35c.
Saturday Special 4 pair for $1.00
A full sized and well filled Comforter, comes in
Chintz and Cretonne, in pretty and effective colors.
Saturday Special $2.50
18-Inch LINEN TOWELLING, 2 Yards for 25c.
Made from a good quality of flax, extra heavy
aud a splendid washer and ■wearer.
Saturday Special 2 yards for 25c.
The Store of
^Money-Saving Prices
To the Kditor. District Ledger.
Hear Sir.—I had the pleasure of lining present at the lirand Theatre
Monday evening, October 19th, when
aomo* ot our local taJent was staged,
and I can assure you that it was a
pleasant surprise to me and a great
many others to find we had amongst
the mining -community ot this town
eo many able young imitators. It reflects great credit upon the instructors and principals, and those responsible tor the staffing of the piece
are to be complimented upon the production generally. I have paid a dollar and men a much inferior exhibition of histrionic ability. I am In*
formed tbat K Is the management's Intention to stage tt Saturday next, Oct.
81th. for the benefit of the Coal Creek
■people, tf the scheme ia carried out
I toope it wltt oommence early enough
to allow tho people ample time to
catch tbe train, whioh loaves at 10
o'«tock. Tho young people are ambitious, and it is their Intention to
tako tbla piece to Coleman, so the
cIMten* nt that burg may iooV, -vA for
I am sure wben the miner* know
how their children are working for
the mutual benefit* of thoir parent*
aad themselves, they will not hesitate
to spend tro how* at this house nnd
eajojr the clean amusement provided.
There is, however, one regrettable
feature attoobed to our hall, end that
It yoa will alwaya find a bunch of
young fellows loitering, smoking oof-
An naJto, espeeiorotiag and g**Uca-
letiog t which no dancing bear would
degrade itself with Imitating) In the
approach, tin iMoedey night thero
wo* among them not a few of a now
aoclety which ben beea formed recent
If in this town, and from whom w«
might expert better behailor.
It In to be hoped thom ri*npoa»tbl#
for the amnaguMMt of the hall wilt
UKe stop* to seat* tats nuisance.
tutti'** i**»p*e*i,it,'iMii,
IVesf* Ada**.
October 31st and Monday, November
2nd, thanks to the enterprise of the
management of the Orpheum Theatre.
lt waa the first of its hind he had
seen. He was Irish, of course, that
go** without saying, and whilst looking over the machin 5, the mystified ex-
,-resal-on, growing mor« pronounced,
along came the owner, mul was Immediately asked:
"Now, phat do yer call this?"
"That, my dear air, ts an automobile.
Have you never seen one before?"
"I have not," was Pat's reply, and
\\\it:ti asked where he lived quickly
jumped aboard aud wuk soon whirled
away at a good clip.
Arrived at Ms farm, with character-
Utlc Irish hospitality, he showed hia
guest otaund tite place, wbo, when he
uoted a peculiar looking piece ot machinery in the barn, remarked:
"That'* a queer looking contraption,    What ia Itr
Pat with a smirk on hit face answered:
"Thst, sor, is a auto-mow-hay, but It
Thl* ha* Ita parallel In the machinery wblch ought to meet with society*
dally needs, hut It doesn't.
Thi* is eome time* called "the
rompetetlve system," Mthe wage ays-
tem," "the profk *y»tem." The
wont "system" predicate* that It Is in
harmonous working condition, hence
ss "tbe time* are fearfully out of
Joint,' "system" I* not pbilologloBlly
j in the world of mtdM.ntcs a much-
j nr built for * given purpose that fill-
.el to fill tbe bill would be round!)-utr.*
; iirmned and -quickly consigned to thi-
• snap heap ond eome other contr!
j \titic* mnde u** ot that would aecom-
[pl.tli tbe end dealwd, The machin-
<»ry for the purpose of admlnt«ering to
thc ae#d* of the people, although a*c-
will not go Into this subject from the
so-called scientifically philosophical
viewpoint, but touch upon incidents
that nre well-known to the community
in which we live*.
Tbe mines are not working steadily—that we all know; the men employed do not receive enough mo.iey
to Bupply themselves and their families witb the ordinary necessaries of
life. Why are there no orders? De-
cause everybody is supplied with coal?
Xo; we know that la not the trouble.
Have tho coal seams shown signs of
exhaustion? This again is absurd to
ask, because we know that Nature's
storehouse of coal In the Pass la barely scratched In comparison with what
It doeB contain. What then Is tlie
reason  for  this  enforced  economy?
Simply because goods are produced
for the profit that can be got out of
t*iem and not for use, t-i that with the
market ful! of goods ths:o must be
sold out first. In the meantlnw. those
who could make good tue of the different necessary commtdltle* have no
money to buy them, Until the machinery of production Is owned by the
people there must be misery and want.
Vet: this Is enlM ocfallsm, but. nothing short, of It Is going to bring any
lasting remedy.
(Miss A. O. Murray—stitching one
nlght&hir-t and $2.00 to bui' material.
■Mrs. Carlyle—one pair wristlets.
■Miss Corsan—Two pair wristlets.
Mrs. Lancaster—One pair socks.
iMlsa Lancaster—two pair wristlets.
Mrs. E. K. Stewart—one knitted hot-
water 'bag cover.
Mrs. Il, Duthle—four balaclava caps.
Miss Allan—one pair wristlets.
Mlsa Hogan-Tone pair wristlets.
'Mrs. ..McMillan—one cholera belt.
Miss  Miller—one Balaclava  cap.
■Mrs. Rogers—three Balaclava caps.
Mrs. A. C. Liphardt—Two .cholera
Mrs. Min ton—two pair wristlets.
•Mrs. Pearson—one pair wristleta.
Mrs. Corbett—two cholera bolts.
Mra. iMoIntyre—one cholera belt.
Miner*  Wire  Wilson—Osn*raI  Say*
Men Returning From Practice,—
Admits Giving Rlfitt
Col. Q, Sterling Ryerson. I'reiMent
of the Canadian Red Cross Society
writes as the opening ohaptsr of his
latest official announcement: "It nitty
truly be aald that never In i\xe history
of the world ha* there been, and will
there continue to he for many montha,
such slaughter m is now being perpetrated on tbe battlefields of Europe.
Kstiaut'.r.g thc combatant* at 2,<»*V
<KKt, which it under the mark, aad tet
counting ihe Russian and AustrUn
force* et all, It can be sold no inch
Njloswl armies ttnvc ever heen *N>ti.
Without going info details It may *nfe-
ly he mid that the average of killed
DENVER. Col., Oct JO.-nA report
Uiut H member* ot the Colorado National Guard, "In uniform and fully
armed," entered tbe strlko tone of the
Colorado coal field* today won contained In * message **nt to President
Wilton tonight by the policy corn*
miuee of tbe United Mine Workers of
America, district 15, The belief was
expressed that the militia men "come
to Incite trouble and not to promote
peace/* The message conchkled by
•aying that the situstion 1* serious.
Admlti Telef ram's Truth
Adjutant General John C. -Chase
when advised tbat the message had
been *ent, confirmed Um report Md
ataud. that tkt 11 militia mtn were
mldests of tbe ee*! camp* of Berwtad
and Meeting*, near Trinidad, net worn
■returning from Denver, where they
had partidpited in thc aunnat rifle
practice of the Colorado National
Ouard.    He added that .Major Jobs
At the time of tbe arrival of the
federal troops in Colorado a general
disarmament order was iseued. The
officers of tbe United Mine Workers
declare that the action of tbe militiamen In entering tbe strike zone with
their rifles was a Ylola*Mon of the order issued at the time the mllltla was
ordered out upon the arrival of federal troops,—Spokesman Review.
There have been several complaints
made recently to both the City and
Provincial police of thefts from ben-
bouse*, white one case of cattle stealing, from West Fernie, so we are Informed, ha* been laid before the police. Thai the perpetrators are not
lacking in nerve tt evident from the
fact tbat hen houses, owned by people
tn thc centre of tbe town have been
visited and chicken stolen therefrom.
If the individuals collecting this nocturnal tribute sre in need of a meal,
the losers might be persuaded to forgive them, but from tbe nature of the
thefts we do not tblnk it is a question
of need, but simply n mean, thievish
spirit. The person who In In need of
a meal does not stop to select tbe best
and choicest birds, but takes what
he needs and runs.
Cltliens wbo ut raising poultry
should snrange some simple alarm
•0 tbat in ths event of sny person at-
tempting to enter their poultry pen
they will receive warning. A good
dog 1s posttlbly the best guard, but
the people who are committing theso
thefts are not novices, and it would
be a very simple matter to give a canine custodian a dose of poison. An
alarm Is Uie best means and can be
easily attached to any door or en-try
through which an intruder tnuat pass.
11 a.m.—"The Right Man in the
Right place." 7.30—"A Call, a Promise
and a Purpose." 2.30 p.m.—Sunday
school. 7.30 p.m.—Wednesday prayer
meeting, 8.00 p.m.—Friday Choir practice. Everybody cordially Invited to
all the service*. W. J. MacQuarrie
B.A., minister.
Con Reece, Taxidermist, West Fer-
nie. If you wish your trophies mount
ed well, finished well, and really realistic, give tis a call. Samples of our
work can be seen all over tho pro*
TO RENT—Two rooms over store;
steam heated.    Apply Tom 'Beck.
■uy Direct from Orowsr
Crawford lay British Columbia
• •M*W ■9~.i-<t*i*tiM-*-'ft    -t**^'
Rpanacn*, n Roman gladiator, by
mm * iumth .rititttk tmutt. i»t
tetwn a shepherd, a soldier and a brl
gnnd chief, be was takes prisoner by
» tbt Romans and aeM to a trainer at
gladiator*, la 93 ft. <*., he sad two
-Qa«Usb prfeoatro broke loose witb
tbem n*r*ntr comrade*, and took re-
toe* ia tbe crater of Veeavteo. Spar-
tnrti-t thft, fworinlmet trt*t*ttnm to
•law-*, nittl for two yenn bn ttttmet
all ibe anoie* ont against Mm, aatll
by xtwnttwrr ba waa aspiarod aad pal
to -iernxk.    ttomm ef Km wlrrlag loci-
4HNR*R$ ttm %mk% W/t%SWkWmwlm$ wwwtn % €^MNNWt
nt______n*. nemjmnA  m___^A_^_t_is_^_._e&  m^jt__t^^M^^e^kJL   W#
■PIP ■PW   wmmmWWtmJttrmeey   ewftttmrnmsmn   mow
aa fcallab caat of ottr ?£M people al
Roma am! fwrfa, and now win be pro
otrne* to tbm P-cntle psbUc Saturday,
fori* 1ti'.'t(-nfl nf trv'i-.;r 'n jiM'-V M -itt
nny longer. It should be repUcc*
with eome other machinery better
tutted to do tba work for hoiAan society.
*. ,      ....... ■ t  t   .....    1 ,v,
,f..f,k       ,t,      y,..'..,9,m      „.     'fl.  ,        •.   -	
nmeMaary of prodwetloa been ao capable of Ailing society's orders, bnt
what do wa find? Markets glatt<td
wbflot bamaa beings aro perishing because tbey are prohibited rrom obtaining acre** to theae commodities.
Oa every side we bear tbe worts
"ratreneliawiRt and iwferm." nntl
l*»mf-d i',1 prut****** Ml tbe people
that tbey have been orer apecntotlre
«ad lit ing big*. «ad avast now stady
the ossat rigid teeoewy. Their sd-
vl*» la oa a per witb tbat of tba daft
woswa whose skirt wm too abort, ao
ibe est off two ischts at tbe waist
smf mumw the pfecw onto tb* bm-wm.
What I* tbe result at economy?    W*
44 t99M9 I.i
,4.      -M--4.       .       |.'i#       91...-1     ...
untilrr Hir;i<M 1 nf v\nxr\ f fT"r n-v,*
will be killed outright Therefore,
baaed on theee statistic*, tban will
probably be UO.OO mm killed sad
wounded, but U ts probable ttet thl*
.    ...1~.rtr       ...Ml     >     ,      trm     . ., 9, ,   » ,. ,* «TV..-
eomce the matter of skkaee*. Allowing tb per eeat m as average aomber
of tick, It would awaa tbat ia the nest
few months thero weaM be mjm
•teh In tbe armies of Eorope. This It
a modest cetlaMte. ta the face of
•nth statements as the above, u tbere
* woman In Canada who wilt nn* tii*
j rem* wt her npnrt, time to belong %kt
WAj/lJO    fea__t^___t
wimfQ  %9*T%m9,
la many placa* tba etbtntA *tAiMi-t-n
are helping by k*l*t»g sock* an t
wristleta, aad SMklSf haadkerebfeis
The ietlnmine doastiea* are nt,
Matron ami worses of fernie Ho*
pltal-io finished atgbtshiru
999).     4t-99,;tt,     mt9..499mt    9*9        *•***#■*
in Tnntf- tn WnVrTrtmrp,, vAiftr y.r *WJ
mutter ln a comptny   of   infantry,
Tbeee ami. Chase aald. wero fowswriy
In tha artillery aerviee. bat will bow
be instructed In Infantry taetlea.
!-•,            I.t,,.    .,,.,,,..     ,..,.„, ml    9 9*1,.1lt*»
**„   ...... ,..#   ..,.„..       , .„   ..  _,     *   *   - *.
of tba elate artllita, Oeaeral Cheee said
that the nalbmal gaard offlcaro tnm
engaged ia equipping and drilling mea,
bet declared tbat it had ao direct bearing on the strike situation. The Hastings aad Berwind mas, who rotarMf
boaMt today armed and la aalform, am
member* ef troop A, wbkb figured tn
eke Lfldlo* battle <,!
eirm rrowtm w-^ofpwwff
Tie asea vero tiros satfe-rass sad
rifles whan they srrtroi hero a faw
days age te lake part la tba aaaeal
practice. As armory baa bees leased
at weleenbarg, Oeatral Chase ewtd,
for the 'em ot tbe eew eawpewy af aa*
fan try.
Classified Ads, --Gen! a Wont
FOR RENT—Two unfurnished rooms,
suitable for light housekeeping, ln
Beck Block. Apply T. Beck, Ingram's Cigar Store. 249
WA.NTED~Actlve. reliable man aa
local agent. Now steering., device
for Ford automobiles. Guaranteed.
Sells fast. Qood money for right
man. Ford Equaliser Co., 525 Bur-
rard atreet, Vancouver.
A RJ2L1, OAK HBATKR—For   Sale.
Apply, 60 MacPherton Ave.
ing heaters, range, beds, tables, chnlr*,
etc.  Apply 56 Chlpman Avenue, City
ORAZINO—Will take a limited number of horses to pasture; 1304 acres;
running water, H, O. Nash, Livingstone, Alts.
FOR RENT—Fully -i.odera 10-room-
ed hottje; eteam-hcated: every appll%
ance; 126 McPherson Avenue. For
further particulars apply H. Oariiste,
S—awwii ii HHiiiiuinrns uimmmiuii,amm*mmmmm**mtmimm mm mi—il aaifc
FOR RBNT — Tw<MWMsed Shack;
110.90 par month. Apply, I Dalton
Avenue. j tp
AmtrkMUi Silk
They steed tbe test what alt
other* failed. Thay give real
foot comfort Thay have no
teams to rip. Thsy navar become loose and baggy, aa tha
ahapa It knit in, not pmssod (n>
Tbey are. OUARANTMH> for
mi#**#t« tee at via te-m am******
Ity of aaaterisl and worfcmaa.
tiip, *iiw.mi*i) •uukt-tsa, aaa to
to every eae sesdlag es Me
*i***^12f* *^H!fil <&**' "•
Three pairs ef ear temenn
nw't   AMIRICAN   »UJC
tbrnn pnlrn nt not U<tta«*
Haaa la Mack, Has ee Whits
rolera, wRI wvfttea gttfsitwT
whea dealer la yestr Interns to
ggmt.   oiro «ator asi alas
2t Uttaaf ttsaat
Osyte^ OWe, U. t. A.


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