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The District Ledger 1915-01-02

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Industrial Unity Is Btirongt^y.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
■ \    ff
Political Unity Is Victory
No, l$,yol. vm.
 ■       * ■■ '   •       vw....    "* - '
- . I        7<Vi    ■■■ >-     ■ ■" ,i,i .     i ' " .    . .  ; , —     * *■      ■*-=	
"^shingyou a Happy & Prosperous New Year
Yegs Make Clean-up
In Fernie
The store occupied by A. 'F. Haddad,
clothing aad notion merchant, ln the
Grand Theatre Slock, was burglarised
in the early morning hours of Sunday
lout when goods to the value of several hundreds of dpllars were stolen
and up to the present no arrests have
been made ia connection with the robbery.
About * am. Sunday the porter at
the Central .Hotel noticed two men in
the yard at the rear of the hotel aad
immediately adjacent to the build-tag
in which Mr. Haddad's Store is located, aad while he considered their actions somewhat suspicious he did not
investigate. Shortly after this a resident ot the same hotel on coming down
stairs mm told by the porter what
had been seen -by him and tbjs.party
.was more inquisitive and immediately
went oat into the back yard aad in
passing through out to the alley he encountered three men laden with large
bundles of -clothing. He addressed
them with the customary "Hello,
boys!" aad thia salutation was replied
to in the same manner, after which
the three thieves departed, going in
the direction of West Fernlo, and with
their departure the matter was allowed
to rest until 11.00 a.m. Sunday when
the oircanmtances were related to the
police who Immediately notified Mr.
Haddad and In his compaay entered
the store, where gaps in the shelves
and empty clothes hangers showed
plainly the purpose of the nocturnal
visitors. -
■The thl-awm gained' access to the
store,through a window that faces the
Cewtml Hotel and where a narrow pas-
Bagenuw between the two buildings.
tbe plunder consisted, of several suits
of men's elethes, boxes of shirts, mac-
kinawn, overalls, rubbers, razors, suit
, cases, tone ladiea' and children's wear-
* Ing apparel and one gross of rings.
--■if j>     .- v '
*■"!      *mm*a,,*m*tm*n**m    ,m.^ "'
Investigate Supply British Army and
Navy—Also .factories
LONDON, Dec. lO.—TLwrogh the
British laboring man has, generally
speaking, rallied to the support of the
government in the present crisis the
trade unione are keeping a close watch
on ithe many reports of abuses under
war contracts. Through the -workers'
national committee there has been
appointed a subcommittee represent-
liig various sections of the labor party
whose duty it shall be to investigate
and summarize charges, . presenting
those that seem well founded to the
government departments responsible
for contracts.
The inquiry will cover the quality
of food, cloth and other articles sup
plied to the army and navy; prices and
profit; labor conditions in factories,
especially in factories where subcontracting is done.
■The labor party is greatly concerned
just now with tbe evils attending subcontracting. It ls alleged that some
war contracts are handed down from
subcontractor to 'subcontractor until
the actual makers are five or six times
removed from the original receiver ot
the order. IBy this method, it is
charged, four or five middlemen's profits are paid by the nation; the worker ia cheated and the nation robbed
by inferior material,
13,000 Men Now Idle in Eastern Ohio
WASHINGTON, Dec. 26.—Mediation
by the federal department of labor in
tbe eastern Ohio ooal strike was
sought today by Representative 'Francis of Ohio. (About 15,000 men are idle
in this territory and Representative
Francis asked Secretary Wilson to
make an effort to adjust tho differences and put the miners back to
work. IThe secretary said he stood
ready.to offer the good offices of the
department if asked to do so by the
interested parties, but that the government could not interfere upon its
own Initiative.
No More Leniency for Violators of the
Act—Commissioner Also  Asserts
Apprentices Must have Licenses
Will Not Try Coal Miners Because of
 '      Letters Received
OLYMPIA, Dec. 26.-After finding
two Walla Walla stores violating the
provisions of the minimum wage aot,
Labor Commissioner E. W. Olson,
upon bis return here today, served notices on employers that future violators may expect immediate prosecutions.
"To date the general attitude of employers has beea to comply with the
law," said Mr. Olson, "and the comparatively few offenders who pleaded
ignorance ot tbe law's provisions have
been allowed to -settle with tbe girls
the difference in wages since the law
went into effect The provisions of
the law bave now been given such
publicity, however, that ignorance can
oot be considered an excuse and vio-
lfcart trill be a special business
meet ot tbo -party on Sunday, January
3rd, at I pm., tor the election of officers ani ta consider the question of
retahda* tke hall.
AHaato Pour-Piece Orchestra will
hold a donee la the Socialists' Hall on
Saturday, Jaaoary 2nd. Admission 60c.
Tlie floor Is la grnnd shape; the or
cheettm ts one of the finest in tbe city,
and the price ia ia keeping with pro-
aaat oendlUoaa.
FORT SMITO, Ark., Dec. 26.-<Be-
cause he had received numerous anonymous threatening letters; Judge
Youmans was disqualified and Judge
James P. Elliott of South Dakota Ws
tWay appointed to.sit on*4be-baoeh
at. the January term ot the federal
court here when coal miners charged
with conspiracy against the government will be tried; The appointment
was nude by Walter H. Sanborn, senior Judge of tbe United States court
of appeals at St. Paul.
The regular monthly tea of the
Ladles' Aid of the Methodist Church
will be held at the borne of Mrs. Bonnell, on Tuesday, Jan. 5tb, from 3 to
• pjn.
TV Harris Writes
Front The Front
Prance, Dec. 10,1914
Dear ffrteed,—
Te aay I waa pleased to hear from
yeu la tattiaf It tattd, and tha test
war lata atov nr appreciation is by
auawerh* right off tha reel.
OUt to know thst ymi folks are all
wtll, aad aa tor me, I never was ta
finer fault; It Most lw tkt open-air
treattMat, ef which wa hav* plenty,
as wall as aa ample supply of fuel
for tta laner ama. Sometimaa, when
«a Mt aat at the trtacbat we have
baked broni aad fresh meat, which 1
nasi hardly Ml yoa la thoroughly as*
joyad aad Mil Jaatfeo doaa to U» por
tleaa. fa Ue trtMebta tha Mil ot
fart Is dlfftrtat, toutstiag ot Uaned
mi-^-lWrwm^p mmtmmJ^mQ  ^^^^^^^m*^F • -wosao  tm  siiaaw  tweo^r
ur, tastaad of bread va bate hard
tatk, srUeh loat aot go badly at alt
wttk* tea tbm yeaf* hungry.
Tkt aaaasy la tntrtecbed about too
tarda from aa> bat that doaa aot ar*
"awt *WI namrmP *Bpff WJ Mnmra«wt|NM      #5WB
sart weald liagb to tee the way tbe
l^^^^r* ^lyiLdug***^ ^mm lii tt-^^Mi^^ 4Mh^^-kadft n^^^^***^^^^^*^
any* wiiiy ni mi mmm fwd-bii. uiuiuws.
Of eeoree tome of tba chaps will tell
soma lorriWa rams sad if we manage to i»t a fetlaww lost ths rost'of
tbesa tmm him oat of It,
.. ,   . .      .
'■yirit. til 1%p r.ninr Mm*-' ! rrtti tf-11 ;*'t.n
tm vtttf sums one of us wtsbaa
thta tm tno orer.
Talk aboat rata, tbls tommy is a
frffttt mi bnt, ttedte ant etey ap
..      ***..    X m.l     *r,r.m
<    :",■   ttm* '   . -"* " ,   . I
Daring tho day tlssa wt keep wall
aadar toter, hafaasa tr a fellow amk-
oo a swvo op abort tbt trtaeb tlw
dtrasaao dent ftrntt to let ts know
that thay ait oa tbo loohoat, aad la
tbla amy aasao of oar atta bare btea
hit. , Of entree, thl* Is aot all
elded, aa we de the seme to tbem when
mm ttptt ehaace. tf we nrt art
dalaff ttiy wot* tho Mt taaa art, aa
•mr ara baauatrtag away at
aattbtr right tin*
I tsfeotbts stpoittnlly af oaiat Um
cttaBMM of tba holm ta thank all Kb*
people of Parola aad Ooal Creak for
tht Madness thty have shown to my
wife and children, aiid tspedally to
Mr, D, Caufiold for his effort* in iny
I will now cleat with bast wishes to
you aad yours, and hopo ihat everybody in that part of the world will
have a Merry Xmas. a Happy Naw
Tear, and tbat f may soon bent trom
you again,
I am. your friend,
(7111) Pte. T. HARRJ8,
0 Cossp. 1st. W. Yorkshire R.
Brttlah OspadlUon, IVsnct.
Mr. Olson wished it .pointed out that
wliile the comtnis&loii <will, under atated conditions, issue apprintlceefilp licenses to -beginners', entitling them to
yerb lor n ttm« for rest than the jaltii.
Uum wage, the fact'that a girl is a beginner will not operate aa a defense ot
tho employer unless a license has been
issued. Girls working without licensee
at less than the minimum wage are entitled to recover at law from the employer for the difference ln wages
from the time the law went into effect
In the two stores at Walla Walla'
several girls were found, without licenses, working for less than the .minimum wage. These girls were given a
total of $204 by their employer*, the
difference between their wages and
the $10 weekly minimum for mercantile establishments, for the time ithey
hsd been working since the minimum
wage went lato effect.
Hotel proprietors and other employers will be given a hearing hem January i to protest against tbe $11 minimum wage for waitresses and $9 tot
other hotel and restaurant help, as
recommended by a recent conference.
Hotel men are making a strong fight
against tba proposed $0 .wage for
chamber maida, claiming It would
force them to employ Japanese. The
hearing was to bave been bald Monday, but a aaw date was arranged to
allow full attendance.
Dave Rees Replies
te John Loughran
To the Editor, District Ledger-
Dear Sir,—I read a letter in the list
-U'sue of the Ledger written by Brother
John Loughran, of Beaver Mines, and
■can readily understand my friends enthusiasm on learning that a personal
friend amd old time colleague had succeeded ty i$fi position of Mayor of
Jf I understand the vrlter, however,
he .wishes to advance the idea that '.he
o.'d country method of electing a man
for life is better tban the system of
annual elections, such as we have tn
District 18. Our friend asks-, "Would
our membership submit to be led by a
man 67 years of age, with 35 years service to his account"
I feel that we, as members, should
not allow ourselves to be LED by a
man either 67 or 27, but should realize
the .President is not a leader but a servant. The worker who is swayed to
and fro by the influence of a District
President can Just as easily be swayed by other speakers, and such parties
are not the thoughtful -members who
can be depended upon to build up a
progressive organization. We need
our men to think for themselves and
not Jump backwards and forwards, pendulum like, following the whims and
fancies of any .officer.
We have never to my knowledge had
an opportunity in this District of voting for a candidate with 30 years or
more experience, hence we don't know
what our membership would do with
such a character. Brother Loughran
says "nothing doing," evidently referring that our membership are most
ungrateiul toward those who have
fought for decades in the industrial
mtrajn—Troepwe nave among us the
This Stipulation Bids Fair to Be Done
Away With
LONDON, Dec. 29,—The stipulation,
"Only young men need apply," a phrase
so tragic to the man over 40, bids fair
to be done away with in England during the war. An agitation haa just
been started calling attention to the
fact that employers who demand men
under 30 are thus directly competing
against the recruiting authorities.
Tills was pointed out in a letter to the
lord mayor, urging him to lay the matter before all business men in the
form of some .public pronouncement.
[Ruler and His Coterie Guilty of Ruthless Cr.'ne—Nation Disgraced by
Devilish War
Which .Becomes Effective at the First
of the Year
Berlin Workers
Blame Kaiser
fWTOMMO, "WToae*/ ll.-What
maaklad needs ta mora Jostles and
lass loro, aald tba Rat. C, R, Zahnistr,
ta a oermoB ta this oity, "Justice aad
Ow" w*   mla w   aWw   ^rtMMaj^Ho*4MP**^my      mmoW'      w^MP
tpaabar, "They art not la the aaam
cattaory. Lot* la a faaotfon of tba
mtad, of seat; Justice Is n ehamcter-
ittle of the actions and rotations of
man to man. Tb talk about substl-
tatlaf Jaatleo Car loro Is Ilk*
,»^i„-»    '.ttr   «..•»««*»   m>«    Ui**.,il***>i$    -H
■mill "n ri'W 1VM   Mhti   v-i-.yji]  \
need of engine or. power plant.
*Vbo typo of lav* we »rr M-tdlag
Is tbat wftieh sspfsaass Itstlf in Jaa
tlet rather than tn chsap, gushing
***9*,'*m*m****+.   'ntm mmm «tM*a*M
Urod of tba Totf tbat asads toyo to a
sick ehlM aad oppoaaa child labor
laws, sifts alekals to crippltt aad op*
aeaaa   tuikmta's  comnenaattoB.  or
^^m\^w^        -^ are ^.-a^i^no ate      ^tameno^^aenew^^wtnre^n i    "*
'nltlaa* tha aatr aad tvfada labor be*
tow a Hfhar ws*».    Cenmrnmm mi**
vlco la ladttd what tha world ts,
ly «M*dMtf.    B*f tbst bt tlif Mb«! of
tat mi *t"**ro    ™ ^o^^*t^ *pSpso mmswoswi^'S^^  ettmbt^oo9t
LWMXXV, Dm. ||.-Muete Indiana-
tion la asprtsstd by tbt womon -employed at • certain army contractor's
factory la London, wbo art at pnmont
aatsgtd In maklag army vaata for
is. 10%d. p* dosta, A strong pro-
tost baa beta addraated to tbt proper
quarter by tht management committee
of tbo Amalgamattd Society et Tbli*
ors aad Talloraasts, who polat oat that
it ia utterly lavosslMt fer tho womta
to earn tha mlalmam flstd by tbt
^•^oas^F   ^n^^ao^B   wawb    tmtmtw   m*^m^mt   ^aw   -'tmo^o ^ao
aad emphasising tb* fact tbat tbt
various woriowMBt tbat art being raa
under tb* aosptces ot th* prevention
ot unemployment aad dlstraaa com*
mJttees*. and wbo provide work for
womta wbo are aatmpkiytd tbroaab
ta* net, oro p*»iag at,, aad W som*
4.****-* *■* tit* nm* **Di Hn*. ftn bmt
to Ibo aomta whom tbty employ.
Asiotbtr gkrtag laatiat* ef aador-
paynraat arlth wbleb tb* aoelaty It
Idaallag Is vbneo tn n prevbtetnt tee*
i*ry anaki wtHtrait am betng madt
oonmltto far la. Wn tnd btwchtt far
ungrateful and disgruntled; some who
would kick at an imaginary shadow,
but they are not the^ majority. We
have those who, whlljft not vociferous
in their plaudits, nevertheless appreciate- the work of- ^ honest, repre-
sentativo noting Tn any capacity, or
course Brother John stood for Sub-
District Board Member ln the recent
election, but I feel positive he has
no reference to the membership of bi3
sub-district, Irrespective of how they
expressed themselves in the recent
election, for 1 understand that John advanced these Ideas In Fornle some
months ago whilst delivering o public
Further, John states, "If iwe look
tacts In the face, seeing Brother W, L.
Phillips is the fourth president in three
years, It goes a long way to prove tbat
experience is a disqualification for a
Our membership does not deserve
such criticism, and in my humble way
I will attempt to prove tbat our ays-
tern is far better than thc nystom of
election* which hss prevailed in the
British Isles since the Inception of
tbelr organisation, but before doing so,
let me explain that since our Distriot
hts been established no president bas
been voted ont of office for Inexperience wbo oould Justly claim ha waa
qualified for his work. Hsd P. H.
Shesman lived and his health permitted, I believe be would still be holding
the confidence of the majority ot our
Whilst 1 have a high regard for W.
II. Powell and realise tbat Sill la aa
exceptional chancier with considerable ability along certain line*, as aa
officer of tbla District ba evidently
failed to apply bis latent to said work.
Aad with regard to this 1 am not very
much surprised, as be had never worked even as a total officer before taking over the most important office In
tbt District
Clem fttubbt was voted out because
the majority of the membership felt be
hsd disobeyed tbo mandate of a Dla
trict Convention, nrnt nlm beemte b«
waa betd la high esteem In tb* politic*!
world, aad he appaiwatly weet back ea
the Meat wbleb b* bad steadfastly
PfwfNHMded fer years. The change
was sadden, aad aet gradual, hear* bis
(defeat was mainly for political reasons.
m******!*'*!**  -I*"*   •^■Mfhii' «!"••   *"'
OTTAWA, Dec. 28—The coming into
effect of the imperial naturalization
act on January 1 will introduce an en
tirely new set of conditions relating
to the making Into citizens of the Dom
inion aliens wbo have made Canada
their home. The most striking difference between the new and the present acts will be that under the new
act aliens naturalized ln the Dominion will be given not only Dominion
but world-wide .British nationality.
They will be entitled to the protection
of the British flag no matter where
they go.
Should a German, after peace has
been declared, come to Canada and
after the lapse of five years >be naturalized under this inter-imperial arrangement, he would be recognized as a
British citizen even ih the event of his
than a native ot the United States,
who has been naturalized under the
present act. ls entitled to the rights of
British citizenship only within the
Dominion, A native of the United
States has wider privileges by virtue
of a treaty agreed to by Great Britain]
and the United States in 1870.
-LONDON, Dec. 28.—The Morning
Post has received from Herr Karl
Bernstein, who writes from Rotterdam, the following translation of a
New Year's appeal to be issued to the
Socialists of Europe and America by
the committee of the German 'Humanity League:
"Dear Comrades—On the eve of a
neiw year which opens up on scenes
of fear and, ruthless crime unparalleled even dn the massacre rolls of
our nation's Infamous accomplices ut
Constantinople, we appeal to our
brethren on the continent of Europe
and in the United States ot America
not to hide themselves behind the
screen of neutrality.
"We are face to face >vith the enemies of mankind. The German nation, driven Into this wicked war by
the kuiser and his military entourage,
cajoled by the perjured statesmen In
the reichstag and by the false reports
circulated in every state In order to
deceive our compatriots, has recklessly hurled itself blindfolded against
forces which, sustained by indisputably moral considerations, show no
signs of weakening in their determination to expel from Belgium the
troops which have covered her habitations with blood and Irreparably injured an innocent nation our rulers
had sworn to -protect.
"Wo ask you to remember that the
territory of no German st&te hae been
sacrifice of the precious lives ot toilers)
and wage-earners in a dovilisb campaign, barbarous tn its no-othode upon,
sea as upon land. Already In five-,
months our homes, our trade, our enterprise havo beeu ruined for at least
50 years mid if this war continues tho
loss of life und economic devastation
will scourge the fatherland for. ;i ceir«
"We know from authentic intelligence iwhicli reaches us that the restless, Indignant and deceived democracy now undergoing .privations and
mirsing its grief cannot be restrained
by force from making an active protest nnd we most earnestly appeal to
every comrade who cares for maintenance of international obligations to
strive his utmost to crush and sweep
a wny forever thi? domination of -Prussian militarism within Germany,
which by its conspiracy against humanity has disgraced and humilta-ied
our nation in the eyes of the civilized
The appeal is signed by Karl Bernstein, Jacob Haoielsdorff, Emil Gott,
Conrad Schwab, Gustav, Oches, Ernest
Schuster, Franz Gaussen, Albert Zee-
ter, and is dated at Rotterdam, Dec.
29, mt.
Reported  Disorders   Following
List of 40,000 Casualties
Maintains Autonomous Right*
An important features of this new
Inter-lTiperlal legislation not hitherto
emphasized Is that it maintains nnd
strengthens the autonomous rights of
the over-teas Dominions. This Jh so
because it is by virtue of this act, and
not by virtue of Imperial legislation
on the subject, that aliens naturalized |
under the new law will secure worldwide recognition as subjects of the
Empire, lt was at first proposed that;
the whole matt* should be dealt with
by Imperial legislation, but tbe representatives of the overseas Dominions
objected «nd the imperial ministers
readily conceded tbe right of the Dominions in the matter. As a result a
precedent has been established which
will strengthen the position of Canada
In all matters In wbleb tbe Dominion
was delegated tbe right to legislation
by virtue of tbe provisions ot tbe British North America Aet.
Memorandum Itiusd
In view of the near approach of tbe
date on wbtcb the new act will eome
Into effect aad tbe desire of tbe government tbat Its general provisions
should be understood, a memorandum
was issued todey from the department
of tbe secretary of state setting forth
In detail tbe Important features of the
new aet and procedure wbleb It will
be necessary for aa alien to follow
wbo desires to becomo a full fledged
citizen of tbe Empire on wblch the
sun never sets.
It Is particularly emphasised tbat tbe
aaw act will be more difficult to comply witb tban the present law, Under
tbe aet about to go out of force eer*
tiflrstts of naturalization were Issued
by tbe courts. Under the new act
three months* notice ot tbe desire to
bt nr*ntn\'.*u4 n*-<ist b* *;**n !»> en
applicant whose appHcatlon will thtn
be pasaed apon by a Judge wbo wtll
forwent the papers to th* department
of state.    Tlio officials (rf tbe state
menaced by tfie^alRes, who are laiW'
fully und honorably    defending   the!
plain rights of the cruelly outraged'
Prussian Crimes Stupendous.
, "Fellow workers, can you longer re-
-J main idle and., silent spectators of
theee stupendous crimes? Are you
forever to be dumb In view of the
awful carnags In Flanders, In Brabant, in Alsace and Lorraine? Do you
not see amid the maiming and slaughter of innocent, unarmed old men and
Infants at breasts that the kaiser has
covered our nation with unperlsbable
infamy snd tho toll of war means the
PARIS, Dec. 26.—According to a
story published in tbe Paris. GaulOis,
travellers—arriving—at—Wai-aa* fiwa
Berlin, state that grave disorders
broke out in Berlin atter tbe publication or the last list, of killed and
wounded, accounting for 40,00ft names.
An enormous crowd gathered In tbe
streets and the mounted poHce charged wKh draw** nwordtt. -
The crowd refused to disperse, and
cried out:
"Give us back our fathers end eons!
Down with war! We want peace tad
One Iiandwebr regiment, ordered to
charge the crowd, refused to obey. According to tho Gaulola, the revolt was
quelled only after great difficulty.
Convention Call of
B. C. F, of Labor
To all Organized Labor In British Col*.
Pursuant to the Constitution, a call
Is hereby issued for the Fifth Annus!
Convention of tbe British Columbia
Federation of Labor, to convene at
Nanaimo, B. C, at 10 am., Monday,
January 25th, 1915.
Bach organisation affiliated with
tbe Federation shall be entitled to one
clelegate for tbe first hundred members or less, snd one delegate tor eaoh
additional himdivd members or major
fraction thereof.
Central labor bodies, district board*,
building trades councils, allied Cornells and similar bodlea aball be entitled to two delegates each. Ucl-egatet
from central bodies must be membe.**
of unions affiliated with tbe F-wiert-
So proxies shall be allowed.
DelftgstoK shall rwlvo thHr cr*--
eentials from tbelr local anions in du-
plitmtii sod nood one copy to the .<•< r.-
tary of the Iflederstion tt letet two
weeks prevleus to the date of the ron-
i«eUua «n4 deliver xbv oiber <<> Ut"
rommitu-* on «r»*«l<*-titi»t««
Xo cr*d«nU*l* aball be eonni4*r,*i
valid hearing mori» than nam«» of delt-
gain and *lu>i»au<. I'ruvt-M u,..t (
sitcrnato priwritj rr«><l«Hifl,il* <nxl |.«
central bodies, district boards, building trad03 councils, allied trades councils, and similar bodies, one dollar p*r
month. AH money* shall be payable
In advance to tbe secretary ot tbe Federation In two half-yearly instalments
due and payable in January and July
of each year.
It your organization is aot yet -Affiliated, you may become affiliated and
and entitled to representation at tbe
convention by paying the per capita
tax for the January to June, 1P15,
t<»rm, at. th* rsfi» of two eenijt T>*r
nifiiilMT per month.
Railroad snd StesmeMp Rates
Arrangements have beea made for
redu-rvd rates for transportation on
tbe standard certificate plaa. covering
the dates of tbe convwttoo, Jsnu.iry
2Mb to aoth, three days tflaadays excluded) Mint* the opentac dsy ani
good for three days (Hundays wscled-
nil) ntier the (ioslug dey
Hfiretttf* ratiii purchase first rimt
I tail nt* oni* way tl*rk*>u to Msaalnse
end obtain «*«tiifkates te ttot effect
on nundsrd -ft»rtlfl«ilf< forms from th*
tlcknt nK*nt, woo le eutbaritsd lo Is-
«»«» nnmr Tben* -rtr-ufiettet »»*t
bn bsadeil to the secretary ni tbe em*
u'tifion for In*- »lsnat*itr# and tb« sta*
naiin-f o« th* »g«»m of tb* mil wsr. in
utrilL-r to* ttWik« tliem valid ia sernrtac
department will tabs certain stup* to
ebfek ap the reeordt snd evident* sab- j seated be aball be the only recogtiisfd, retired tnr** tor th* -mmrn torn****
t .      . .A.,.* St -m it*.** **.Mm.*n,9tt» *«•*•« M-uMiv-tfj i*itirmmMitttt   tnttmneimt   urn   *#*-, Mettl Ateemedttltw
|ttaaMnArbae*1'*i»t*rb«ee4* tbwii^*-M^7it tht* n.M.Vr
fwl worker taeatton fttnbh's shinty
Jack Smith tacriflced a poattloa
Ml'J'YiJ   !(,*
tMemfietf nn rsatltuted thnt tbe sec-
msry will vv am mttm mtmeaty o.tm*
(ng next at T puu. iu tbu kid** kmmu
m reootto dues, tttt Ail mtmbeta are
(•..•■eptivw ^pw^OT-^l eeww      t^-mw t-mmw^^^r^*nmr mew
panieoJtffy r**te*ted to make an ef-
ton no iwotc tmy smmnigw ot miss nteT«
aa tn tbo treat
mtm ^t^jfanL^^^^ nbn ^Mlr tmwm dttriflft Heat *^tm&M/t%m
egsln In order tn steers tbt fall
•pre ef British (ttiaeashif, pfvrfded by
tbe new meetare. Tbey amy tend tte
cerUflentee already -anatetf ta tbe
teetwtery t* state wbe wRI ftaaw a mw
wbleb bt ootid bare aadoabtedty held
for yetrt-afsiaat bis will, la a atate,
not to ettltfr bla wnWftr** into*****
allowed himself to become a candidate
fer President; he aever at aay time
showed any lacllnatlon for retaining
tba Job. aad owing to certaia statements made by himself wblbrt in of-
tiro. «*^ ws wvm nm mipH •*
tlie («t|iicM of n minority of tbe membe suit tbst oar
mamnip bsti ■« say inn mis
aay PfwtMeat oot er tfllce SMreiy fer
tha sake of a cbaaae, staee we were
-Brttber Uwgbrea is tt yeers or aa
ttmmmnt mWnmromtt
A **»i ul mil*.** ant iwHlMMI ntgrnut
Uflcate of n,atnrslis*stI*ofi tbe mwb<» si-tl! Tlw K*«ut»v*b Ik*nt4 mil w«.*t pmrj «w*i tm i.itun*t**4 la ttr, and a ««e/
be iaaaad by tbe secretary of state.Ite «b# tnte ot *mr*-mfm tor th* ■T*?-'tw*»rt*i i® ttfi dek-jgale *•» ntrntt
Tho prtvlatoa of ttm net calling tier| past of jweprin* rrport*. apfwintlitg | M dupticMe credentials are No«:«td
thftt months' notice ef a «i«»r* to be- j rotm-nitiM**, ete. j alowu wiih sit* utbw o*****morv m<m
lf*imte at once, nn affiliated orannfsa-l CencHitlee
lions who leave thi* selection of del*-1 Tht, prvfwnt period of trade deprtn
antes to tbe last moment havo v>ry *\rm will no doubt have efftttted alt
INtI* ehsiM** ef tepiwentstlen m tbe | organisations, bat tbe me* el a feed
committees. |attf>«dsat» of delegates   was   swear
morf ippiivn*   iti-f t-wal  Hiittift* nit
tot-* out of force peepl* who bevel Aay aaiea er eeatrai body that hsefwrged ta make alt efforts mmdhla to
been nstnraltssd andtr tbe art wflf nm) not h**n itr*tirm*ir aftiiiat+A miv h**?^ r- prt;r,..u!ta **•-, Oil* wti>^*>ittkw.
be eempelted to go brtttr* tb# ecmrtafrwie nttilinu^ by iu*iiini tit mmtbt'lhemi miieae stent bavw net beoo aftltt-
ried Miareli-tsUen of large wtmfoers
ef aliens laMaodiaiety prior to sa ettn*
Mttd Net Oe It Apabt
Another Important jwlnt dearly «et
tat Is tbat altbewih tbe vreo-ot ott
does fer tbe term tbey mskr *pp»k-*-
The reveatia et the Fedwratlen ibetl
be derived a* feflswt* A fm *aph*
tax of tw-t* e#»tt
et*4 am eft***, la tato ef the eremmt
twiede, te send repmommtStm 'tttt bo
***** a part ef the prorindal holy by
th* pnywmt nt per topii*. tns fee the
iffrrt Utt of tu ymx UU.
II ■•**-,■  Wsj>-   $X
Socialism and
Socialist  Program  For  Prevention
By Morris iHilliquit
'rt-e Socialists believe Lhat modern
"wars nre mainly caused by1 the industrial competition, between nations.   In
this view wars must continue so long
■as ilhe capitalist system prevails, and
isis, moreover, believe that every real
improvement in the social, economic,
political and moral life of the people
is not only aa immediate achievement, but also that it leads to larger
forces, and ordinarily it is not even
necessary tb set these forces in motion. Their mere existence suffices
to insure submission to court decisions.   (By   analogy   the   international
improvements and paves the way for court of justice must be provided witb
the realization of their ultimate ideal, a  similar executive  organ—an  inter-
The Socialist philosophy is evolutionary as well as revolutionary in char-
wiil onJy be ended with the establish-j-acter.
mem of the Socialist co-operative com- j Almost every Socialist party in the
-monwealth and the federation of non-j world has a practical program for re-
competing nations. ' i lievjug the prevalent social, economic
In seeming consistency wan ihis j and political abuses within the present
theory certain Socialists, mostly of the j or "capitalist" regime. And similar-
doctrinaire type, reject all specific ! ly the organized international Socialist
anll-militariat measures -within the-movement advances a practical pro-
framework of the present industrial j siram for partial relief from the evils
system. ! of wars within thc prtseiit social sys-
lu  tlie  International  Socialist Con-i tem.
antes held in Stuttgart in 1907 a group'
•of French delegates advocated the adoption of a -declaration asserting in
substance that nothing short of the
triumph of Socialism can insure lasting peace between the nations,* and
that in the meantime the mere fact
ofthe existent'-!- of a strong Socialist
movement is thc only possible check
upon the bellicose proclivities of the
rilling classes. The author of the
declaration was Jules (Juesdes, the
foremost .Marxian scholar of France,
while the opiwsite view was vigorously defended by .lean Jaures, the eloquent leader of the more moderate
whig of the Fiencli Socialists. "We
arc told," said the latter, "thai all
stru-gales   Hgainsi   war are   vain,   be-
The principal measures in the Socialist anti-war program are international peace treaties providing for
general 'limitation of armament, for
arbitration of all disputes among nations, and for the establishment* of an
international court of justice; the abolition of .secret diplomacy, and, finally,
in countries based on the system of
compulsory military service the gradual shortening of the period of service,
with the ultimate object of supplanting the professional standing army by
n system of popular militia.
Of all iinti-mi-litarist measures in
tlieir program the Socialists attach
the least importance to peace treaties.
International treaties suffer from all
the fraiities of "gentlemen's agreements." They are 'naked pacts," not
by a power outside and
contracting   parties,   and
national police. Under this plan each
netion accepting the jurisdiction of
the court must stipulate to furnish its
o.uota of military forces to enable the
judges to compel recalcitrant nations
to submit to their decrees.
The obvious weakness of the plan
is that i; off-m ceils upon the litUm 3
themselves to furnish the instrument
of ilu'ir uis; p' re. Lei us aiuiine
th'it an internal.uml court of justice
of transition they advocate the progressive reduction of the pejrtod of
service coupled with an extension of
general" military training.       .
In the summer -af 1913 the Parliament of France -wes discussing a proposed act to increase the period of
compulsory service from two years to
three. The measure; which was said
to have been inspired by Russia, was
I passed against the solid opposition ot
develop it 'Into an instrument of aggression and to cripple the efficiency
of the national defense. The Socialist ideal of military organization is
Lhe popular militia, and as a measure
tions ot Europe, and its efficacy, has
therefore not been directly tested -by
the present, war. But the undeniable
facts are that the war was pnecipdtat-
ed and. is ibeing conducted by nations
based, on ther capitalist regime of national and international competition;
that the countries at'war wene not
bound by a general arbitration or disarmament treaty, nor united by an International court of justice, and that
they did maintain professional -stand-
ihg armies.
. It is at least legitimate to speculate
that tl^e war could hardly have occurred  if Germany. Austria,  Russia
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
the  Socialist deputies.      The debate and -France had been Social-Democra-
on the bill was unusually spirited and
instructive, and probably the most
noteworthy' -contribution to it was the
two-day speech delivered by Jean
Jaures in opposition to the proposed
measure and in support of the Socialist counter-project for a gradiual reduction of.the period of service.
"Our project, gentlemen," explain-
had been In existence before the out j cd Jaures> ..[& t0 increase the defen.
break of the European war, and that j sive force of Fra„ce We who want
nil the powers now at war were sub- j thal Frallce sllou,d have ,a great Ws.
Jei-t to its jurisdiction.     Austria has   torlc and filoral Mssiou ,n the worW;
we,  who  want to  repudiate  forever
sent its stringent ultimatum to Servla.
Tint little Balkan kingdom interprets
the act ns- a violation of her treaty
rights and submits the entire -contro-
the politics of adventure and revenge;
we, who through lasting peace want
to usher in a superior civilisation, in
versy to the international court, witb ; whlch the ft]|.pervadtag forceof democ
cause capitalism must necessarily pro
(luce   wars.      Hut   in   the  same   way i enforceable
capitalism ha-» an inherent tendency to * above   the
intensify the exploitation of the work-! havo only such force as the signatory
e.rs and to lengthen tbe workday in-, powers 'choose  to  give  them.      Ger-
definitely.   ' Still we struggle for the j ma-iiy has clearly demonstrated to the
a demand that the government of Aus-
tno-Hungary be restrained from opening hostilities pending the adjustment
of her claims. The court issues a citation or injunction to Austria, which
the latter ignores. The tribunal now
resorts to the extreme measure. It
wills upon the international police to
enforce its mandate. The powers in
the entente and their lollowers respond to the call; those ln the alliance and their supporters ignore it
and cast their military fortunes with
seceding Austria. The result ls the
present war with the identical alignment. An international court of jus- f
tice  ean   be  an.  efficient   instrument
racy and liberty will atone for ancient
violence; we want tliat our generous
offer of peace should not be imputed
to the fear, ot a weak people little assured of itself.
"And not only do we want to develop to the highest degree the defensive fores, the strength of independence of our country, but we want
to organize It for defense, in view of
the worst possible hypothesis, that is
on the hypothesis that France would
have to defend Itself all alone, without
outside help and without any alliance
against Its eventual enemies.
j "That is why we wish to place at
the service of our -country not a force,
organized but reduced, not si crowd,
enormous but dispersed, but the Hvhole
only in a federation of nations under
eight-hour <Liy, and with success. We \ world the utter worthlessuess of a j one permanent joint government, and
nre further told thai we should rather! solemn  treaty of neutrality hi times'even then it may sometimes fail, just
direct our inexorable attacks against! of a great international crisis, and ' as our Supreme Court failed to prevent j[mass, organized, educated, coordlnat-
capitalism! the creator of wars.     We | there is no good ground to believe that j the Civil  War. ed, distributed In organic units, with
do not let np iu our struggle against treaties for mutual limitation of nrma-1 Then why advocate international
.capitalism. Hut if we combat clerical-j ment or submission of international j pence treaties at afe.' Because they
ism, which -surrenders the workers' j disputes to arbitration would prove of j have a certain sphere of usefulness,
minds to exploiting capitalism, we j greater efficacy under similar circum-1 limited as It is. While treaties-are,
nttad to exploiting capitalism, we must! stances.     If one of the parties to alas a rule, powerless to stay very vlo-
also combat militarism and war, which disarmament treaty should, be found - lent and general conflicts, they have i that we ask you to develop within the
hurl the workers' bodies against each; to arm beyond the treaty limit, the' proven themselves convenient instru-!jaw of the two-year period of service
other in chauvinism, hatred and'■ only remedy of the other party would I ments for the adjustment of minor in-ithe germs of a democratic future
wrath." j be to go and do likewise.     If one of: fernational   disputes,   and   the  moral; which it  contains,  and  that  we de-
It is interesting to note in connection, thc parties to an arbitration treaty j obligations which they impose upon j nounce ns a mortal peril for France
with this memorable debate, that at I should refuse to submit a dispute to! the contracting nations generally have J the attempt to abandon the two-year
the outbreak of the war the uncom-jarbitration, the only recourse of the!some weight In the oscillating balance jaw and to proceed In the direction of
mass of French citizens,   the   whole
permanent officers, local, recruiting
places and ample provisions for common action, lt is for this purpose,
for the purpose of bringing out- the
maximum of France's defensive force,
promising Guesdes, In his sixty-ninth
year, accepteiTXiiOrironoitrin^r^-raTn-
tnllst" war cabinet of his country,
while the iconciliatory Jaures met a
tragic end in the bloom of his life at
the hands of n  fanatical   youth  unbalanced by tbe spirit   of   "chauvia
isni, hatred and wrath."
The overwhelming majority of the
other would be a declaration of war. ibetween war and peace.     Under any j professional armies."
iB~TTJU*fc —vavoin .fluni
of voluntary peace treaties, the most! modern nation will evince
a greater
to enter Into war in direct
tic republics, and that ;it would not
have assumed its savage character
and monstrous proportions if thte -belligerent nations had been -bound -hy reciprocal peace treaties and particularly if tlieir military forces had been
represented by a geenral system of
democratic militia.
There is perhaps one important measure which the Socialists have failed
to urgei witb sufficient emphasis in
their peace* propaganda—the suppression of what has been aptly termed
the International Armament Trust. In
the spring of 1913, Dr. Karl Liebknecht, the noted* Socialist member of
the German Reichstag, created a profound International sensation by disclosing the Intimate relations -between
German and French manufacturers of
war supplies and their methods of securing "trade." These revelations
have led.to inquiries in other countries
and the world is -now In possession of
some startling informtlon ahout the
business of supplying the governments
with the modern engines ol death and
The "International War Trust" is
probably one of the closest knit, best
organized and most powerful industrial
combinations in the world. It extends
to nil important concerns engaged In
the building of warships and the manufacture of armor, guns, explosives and
other munitions of war in England,
Germany, France, Italy as .well as in
United Steel Os. was composed of the
principal armor producing corporations In Great Dritatn, the Bethlehem
Steel Company of the United States,
and the famous German firm of the
Krupps. besides the leading producers
of war supplies in France and Italy.
It was voluntarily dissolved in 1915,
bul the community of interest between
the great armor concerns of the world
still exists. They handle government
contracts mounting into hundreds of
millions every year, and they make enormous profits for «thelr shareholders.
The degree of their prosperity depends
upon the war sentiment of the nations.
"I demand that we, the'democnacy;
we, the republican France; we, to
whom mass risings and armed organization of the people  is a  historical
advanced peace advocates have of late J hesitancy
manifested a tendency to transfer the violation of Ub treaty obligations thnn
center of their propagaudistic gravity jit will if entirely free from them.
to the idea of an international court j 'Peace treaties also have an Import-1 tradition, I might almost say a tradi-
of Justice, with power to enforce lLs ant educational influence. They tend j tion of family history, I demand
decrees. Such a court Is to bp mod! to foster in the minds of the people! that we. who n\- not pledged to dy-
Stuttgart delegates endorsed the views jeled upon tlie pattern of the ordinary j ideals of peace and forbearance in-,nastlc wars, and who are free to proof Joan Jaures as conforming more; national or state court of Justice In all !sti.ad of war und conquest. They | nilse ouresdves not to wage wars i'x-
closely to the general policies of mod-;eH«ential points of procedure, principle 1 have a legitimate place among the|cept for the Independence of our
em Socialism than those voiced by tho and power. Any pillion considering It- j forces making for a better civilization, country. I denuiiid thnt. we, who In the
tolltr-vors of Jule* Cuesdes. The Social-' self negrleved might file a complaint; There is nothing distinctively Social-: hour of peril cun say to all the citizens
i«ts of our generation are not content-!against the alleged offending nation itstic in the advocacy of Intenlafioaiil
ed to watch complacently and passive-' without regard to the inclination or j peace treaties. It is one of tlie mea*
Jy the dally ravages'inflicted by a per- j :!?Klin'Mnat|ori of V.u> latter to submit J su'ies which, like so' mnny other ;»,'8nks
verse oiVillwitioii on suffering human-j Hip dispute for adjudication. On re-iln the practicable program of Sociality and to console themselves with tho fcelvlng such  complaint the  Interna-j Ism, are shared by reformers of all
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fjernte; second and
fourth Fridays. Club Hall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill. Sec. Fernie. B. C.
No. 2334
Meet   every   Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Crahan's  Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 1387
Meet every  Sunday.   Sick and
'Accident Itfenefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren.  Sec,  Can-
nore. Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.  Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. .Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. In the Opera House,
Coleman.—,T, Mitchell, Sec. Box
105. Coleman.
No. 29
-, Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock In thB Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley. Fin.
Sec. Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Mall, 3 p.m. No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham; President, Duncan McN'ab,
No. 481
Meet every flrat and third Sunday at Lyric Hall. 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
No. 2633
Meet evsry alternate.Snaday -at
2.30   p.m.   In   the   Opera   Hooae,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone. Sec
• No. 2352
Meet every second .and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, AUa.
No. 949
Meet', every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a,m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. .Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10,turn. In
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thiin. G. /Harries. Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
Ne. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.S0 in Miners' Hall, mh Avenue North.—L. Moore, SecrTreas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at J.S8 n.m.
In   the   socialist   Hall. —James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   S6,   Bellevue.
No. 2877
Meet every second-Sunday at 2
o'clock  Iuv-the Club. Hall,    Slek
Benefit Society    attached.—B.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoem,
3.30, at Boarding House. Slek
and Accident Fund attached,—
Max Hutter. Sec
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after eaeb -pay
day,., at Miners HaU.   Slok aid
-Benefit   Society    attached.—O
Morgan, Secretary.
hope that one day, when the cup otjUcwtl court would summon the de-
-capitalist iniquity will lie overfilled, i feodum nation, examine the evidence
th* co-operative common wealth  will Usui  contentions ' of both  widen, and
suddenly burst upon us like the king,
dom of heaven and regenerate the sinful world.
Their ultimate aim is to eradicate all
Miclul wil* by a UioroUKhgulng «baitK«
of the tmtlre industrial system, hut at
the mm? time they want todny nil the
ri'lltf from misery and nppr-**B«loii thst
their efforts can actor*-.    The Social-
rciidur ii decree hi conformity with the
principles of the general l»w of ua-
tiotm and the specific provisions r»f
any treaty between the lltluant*.
The uttciiduncc of tlio partlc* and
tin' pnfoiTpnietii of the-decrees of ni
Mount or Htnte court* of Justice nre secured hy the executive powers of the
sovornment.  Its  police and  military
of France, to the millions of cltluens
of France, it is not for n monarch,
not tor « einttt, not. for an adventure,
not for a superficial vanity it is for
the life, for the Independence of the
nation that wo Implore you to rise!'
I demand thnt we place at least /is
much confidence In our citizens as the
fihbdes.     Socialism does not .claim, a
mi'iiopoly of pronrtjss and does not re-
ice.  uny wtlittary men mi re of'reform
liic;tu»cj it Im* beep formulated or jsJ-i Prusulaii mouarch places in his sub-
optid by other parties or schools.       Ijects."
Of a somewhat mon* definitely Ho-j Tho military or*nni*ntlon which the
ciaillstic character «re the tueusiire* j Socialists favor Is largely hawed on
lyhMi uitu nt the (1-MiiocraUr.ntion ef'thi» principle of the nationw! mlHMn of
International politics and of the im**8wlliterl«ud. Under that system nil
tloiml defense. \ able bodi-H men between the ages of
Whlto nil-othor political Instltu-.i'Mis I twenty and forty-eljtht years are kept _,„.„_ h„ „,,,„. „,, tm tM,KMmmmmA
of isurope havo ^ponded. raor* or] In military tmlnlnir and can be railed ^II^mI^!!!!?..!!!!-^'^"!^!^
lent promptly, tn Hip claims of advntic-jon ror the defense Of the country In
Init democracy and populur enlighten- j rase of emergency.   Th« main body of
muit. the vitol methods of adjitttlng the militia, the elite, In -composed ot
war aria"prepnSion— roT"w&TTBanr
business stupnatiou. \i is as much
part of their business policy to pro-
voliP war nnd war talk es it Is part
of the milliners' business ito create
styles. The men in the war trist
know no fatherland. They supply
munitions of war to all government*,
friends and foes alike: they sell as
cheerfully the riiiis which will eventually be trained against their own
country us those that will be directed
against the epemy. Yet It Is their
business to foster a narrow and bigoted "patriotism" among all nations.
XJielr emlKsurlos sit In the councils of
t;il European governments; they are
jtinofijr tho leaders of all parties and
the most prominent tncpnbers ol the
Navy Lwmuf* and Army Clubs,
Tl»« IJusHsh Socialist. J. T. Walton
Newbold, mentions four directors of
ii rnwnien-t companies on the Liberal
benches in the House of Lords and six
on the Tory tide, white tho lloueo of
t'tjiiiuuiiu is -graced by u dozen d.ret-
tors ami •(.•ores of stockholders of
ihw concern*.   These gentlemen can
| iiilirimliotml relation* have not rhiias-; the youn* men between the ages of
It  If
emphatic exi»re»*lon» of true patriotic
sentiment* ami for «he most Jealous
I ilereiwti of tbi' country's honor.  Incl-
i dentally thos* subsidise the press of
fh'» "hrwtlle" countries to breed an*
el since tbe medieval ages.   Rmoiwanitwenty nnd Uilrty-two year*.     »-.-•.--,„,,,« -fMin.t ,*,„,. nmn *„,mMA
dlhlomtey l. .till « »on of mmortmi supplemented by tbe iMdwchr. «»•   SfLr  ^ ». ,i illl.?^
nintm of the mn between the age. J?TSf"' £ " '!, ^Ttl. «
of thirty-three and fortyfour teem,   J^i JlJl
and the I^turm. which oomPri^!,te0n;,^e'*|rorrJWft ^ of
prtot-tcreft, the vocation of chosen ur-
Utocrats, whoso negotiations are care-
felly hidden fnnn the masse* pf ihe
people, and when the profettlonaijip* nil nwile Htlaens up to the age of forty-! A'' ZLu'J »3iVI«i-IT,|hu'iuliri
mmm i,.m. «utW it WM'.™>h\ "■•'■'« <*- «"* «*•** w ttnflth#r!«h^«>ltallet profit iyetowtWi license
,!,«.» .» acute .ItimtkH, In the *i* «* «d«M from the first two *»C 1" Tit ZTltl*****,^
mm !*twf-en tfcelr vomlri** it 1*^ The wernher. of theellte ere en\^mm fr0W lU« rBto 0f iMr *°0ll,r1w
Btnerally within the power of Indlvl- j ed for brief military drills oflice In two
The Houiehold'Remedy
A   LWAYS   keep a bottle  of Eno's in
the koute in readineM for no emergency.
There is not the leut danger of any ill
effect or improper ut* in nny eate, a* its action
ii entirely in accord wilh Nature.
Eno's "Fruit Salt" contains the   vtluable
constituents of ripe fruit in a poitable, agreeable
and simple form, and ts iiyVvery respect u
harmlew a* the juices of ibe fruits front which
it is obtained.
Sold in all the principal towns and cities of
Praparttt onlr by
I C WO, Ltd., "FrnitSmk" bnt^.lanim, bf,
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up, .$7,000,000       Reierve rand ... .17,000,000
HON. ROBT. JAFFRAV, Prealdent PE1.EQ HOWLAND, Esq. VteePres
Arrowhead, Cranbreek,.Pernio, OeM   no, Kamloepa, Michel, Nelson,.,
Reveleteko, Vanoeaver Md Vleteri*.
lattrwt BlItwBd tn depoeita at mrroot rate fffm date af depaeit.
n»ruulnary roBflfet awlnst ev-h o'h^rt'n  fmir yeott.     l»nder this system'
\in mi effort to straighten It out.        jibe little gwl«« republic, with a popa-
|   Tbe «o«iall*t* denwiul full ptabll ity \ latton or about  three   and   one-half!
| nt ell diplomatic negotiation*, and the j mllloe. ran rnlm-
hiiKseiit of iwrlUment to all iN-a'tes »rm>  of :.»o.(mk» men, end its total]
—When a Lady
buys Perfume—
•—Sh« choot«a it with ta much discrimination u Bfit <loe» tier gown* ona imt*.
Jt man bn dhtlnrtke tn rWact*r   H mutt breathe
ntiiwmmt—end it mutt be nt strictly high qtmlity-
Corwn's Toilet Reqii?«lt« ftflall thmotmpfatmomo,
*!itili*r in l»erfume». Toilet Waten, Fact Cr«i*m«,
1 factum of Instrumen!* and wtapom
'<»r natloaal 4*ttti**.
j    A»ide tmm tbtn temm tbe ttfrlMf
'..tiMt-x-1 r.f th** li«i few monilr* have
ittrodaeed no new |i*«»m or MmiI* for;
I ii-ieWiiiis tiie w^r «»il.    Tbey ha»«,
'(.!«>»nlorn-rf nothing to »b»ke oar faltb,
«M   ***».+■
Tbty ar* cempee-fd et tbt ment eii|wn.
site materials, -carafutty cempounddl bf
skilled chtmbts.
€mmm'$ *ttmt turcwm* **t tomaft -powtmm* nm et
m^^ttu^^^*    V-^Ui   tttt<^tu^m    V*^)|i|^K   aK^amJba^t'   ,ann*     ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^S^*^ M*u m mmIj^^^i
twibwi *fMK ^.^.^me »«^h^w iiwipi tmmnfwtm praw MPnMnmb
tAytmtmn^tm1bt.am^at*tbntMlittm. 1
-.iii.U tht' aliota»i*-i' murder of shclr fe!
Iu*.tm'i. la by far the moat ghastly.;
one of lh.- ftrvt tasks of lb* Interna- ■
(loiral KtwIelSM tiMt\enieut. nfter 4t'
enni-raes from lhe present European j
fnr ii. *tmt*mm» .„I'•'••'tware, will be to Inaugurate ant
wr "   mmm ""j ticth* and «ntrgatie propannda tot j
janddrHarailoaaarnar.     I« Ikln mu   tvllluo    budget    atipitnllllBtM   onlyJ^'^^"^*^^J.^ 2!!^'
twtloti It mart be Sbm* In nrtiid that t:,immn m y*xr.     Th* »o^H«t«fl^,,^. ^ ,^1.^!T^A..   *-!^r* *
■ tie #t*"l*U*t« *tand tor tifire#*rl«i^»  «<ml-t ImpMve m|kih the Aulas Militia
i»«1 till #nffra»ce nf all wale ami female [ •* »lcin by git1»« tb* men tb* right to
leilineii* The HorlaUst* <t*m*:t"1, '"left fhe offfeer* and wo«H nuppl-i*
' therefore, meaaa tbat «w war m*m il t>> miittfiry tiitteatHm tn tb*
.►■tall be dedal**! b.v any f-om'ry »o   nnHlh  atbmtt*
l,at mneottt to Uf the women aa n' -1.   The lnnlt-aHoii of a geneml national
|.. me man ol ib* imHon tbioagh -Mr aiiiiila orf^e.f on imlte uh- nmUtMrnt W^tram.
rliMHi, i^JMMrtaUT*. in th. aattaaal Mttm, bm be*n rrWHwi by mmmlfh, ml> ,   Mmm ^^ .^ ^
| li-f i*tot|»e b^ttf. i reanl*!' !i»r wffiMiaiv* airtlaii,. hilt' in* til* •
- %**** **m wor. -fttnttjimentn! I* '"i* - unttioritiea «• too rawbanon* aad !*•
Hot it-weed MtwHatiM reform in tb* will- en* «t ine MoctntiHa ui» ia mm m
>i"«r» omanUMlkmt ol tun it n»«u.v>. kite . it* v.urv iiMt-t'ti*. im* ni*wi\ »'*..«. ^i,...
j Unetaliata realta* tbat wonM b* twil* it* in primirlh an tanuwawnt ot mit-
■ and l'woil*i*b t« ptxt**h t-mo^M €» 'btUm-t; |»s m t%* *t-*i»i#lNig ttaay ««
nrmawmi  to any aatloa wbll* Hu;lira*lv an in*tnn«*«t of agfraaaloit
''t*ifiahlmr »M H*»l* nee *tm*A V****y* Th* »*»t>ulir mllltla henltles tends to
" frankly adrnowteilfe that wnd*r *%w- • ihiww ' ait awta-gawieai M«%*«n«» mm
•■Arx temMttm* es-th aatioa meat b* ii*opl* and tb* atat*. tb* rtvlllan Md
1 pr*|Kir»<t to defend »• Integrity aid! tb* military forra, aad to prevent tb*
jitidcpeiideate agalnat th* ten of tb*'w» of tb* brtl#r by tb* rollae etaaaaa
jiwM. and mnat maiataia a strung »gala«t lha wottata.
I mil*! »r> org*niutk>a for that p«rw«t. i "Tb* an*aa»*al of tlw pmpt*," aaya
'*."..«,   ****. W*>-t**"i-*'i   *vnw*.'«I  'a  tb* ftb*> t-tit*et.n fr*tifb HorlofM nn4Cim*l
Willi, tHlt Dttdi, MortgifM, Intufinc* PoUdts
MT othtff Tthtibl-tti ill om of thtM boauM
^^-^*   ^t*^^^^^-^^m*     w *^^ntmt^^et^nnmmm   ammo   ^^-n-^P^e  ^mtm    •mm^mam^^^m   mFat^mmn^^Bt
|«ortali»ta ean dmw Itwaa tba gnati   ~±-,. ..        ••*PMbTWill MfOBMATIOM APPtY'ttt *■■
»«ne» tt»r ww bet* m atrattt* mm™* U. F&WWt9 matta«Cf W^mW WftWW
iaaramttr.   mor*   imfafatltaMy   entimmmwmm
I mora Implacably tban *r*r for tit*
l*pc*dy iwaitaatten ot tbafr lmm*«llt«(«*
laa wall aa their ultimate proarat*.- j
• Tin   ttatttnnrtttio "
PI I   IT Cl
-MNraftlitM* *WH-*t.»*li-» *k,OU^IU*»
.1**. nn*..
|'laatimn-ftn «f profeetiowii «r ataadlag awiiard, Rdaaari VaUlant. **ta tie a» i
•stimH--*-, »t«ru*«»(»iW ktwtM) "<****.il *itt,ti.'j,*ui - om;ifi;n)**«' of oloreiml net-^
irttmymtaoTt lo»g-i*mm smk* «te» a*;f«»aa *»d a pnmioiitk* to tli* Sn*-
l*fr*tt'*lt in www tmoniir* ot toetto- :>»in»!*s» nt a ttnm tmrntfoey, Tb*
leut^I i'jmpe- Tbn w.tff»t»fn *b*tImmm baa btotatlral^ baa* tba taetl-
j jtrof-ftalonal attnlea t*««l *o d*a*ray I t-atbm ad deawwraey. agfaattawi w**
lib* ttrk and inAneim! mttoiw**, tihtt tmmtin. mmtipmitot wfrl Ka **-
ikm ot tba MWiMrr. to allewat* *^*|   X* part of ih* Hftrndb* ****** nm*-
tm111i**ry  f<»r<»   frit»  tb* fnoirte,     t«»Igram ba* been adotKtd hy  th*  na-
^. *      \
^mm m^b tbn * m      ^m m tn    ^^^       mm to m
vt§ mm mil HlHf *t ZMhRM' I
■mJU ■imta 1<lm*JHtu* eetti&tm
at*,.*- --*- --*•**••-*•—-*X^,'.,fci
mwHtrnmn nfwifiimtrr fawapa *
avaittf* accomtta
- '." * *
Iwt^ii* mttebtmm.
WmW^tvw/m-Wm      *^PP   wr
mt tt£m7 "imajdini
By Ida Couch-HaElett
Tbe proposed International Conference of Soctallats confronts the hardest problem that the historic working
class haa ever met. Will the working claaa hold the key to the future,
or -will .it -vrove that it is yet inadequate te tbe task of humanizing society and banishing the jungle law?
The war bas upset the Socialist movement ot Europe and there may in
all probability .be some hard -feelings
existing between the -Socialists of the
warring.-oountries, from which international conqdlctfons can arise, that .will
onxbaraaa -tbe actions of the delegates,
■especially if radical steps are to be
formulated. Also, the delegates will
face tba danger of the international
We do not know what will be the
outcome of the war, but we on this
side of tke ocean must be in -a position to adranoe the cause at the first
opporhndty, and we -must let it be
knowa, dboald a revolution break out
in Germaay, that there is going to be
no-repetition of the Paris Commune,
Aa the'fat-are is obscure, so far as
tlie Socialist movement is concerned,
and aa there are possibilities of working -olasa uprisings in Europe, it is
highly important that an International
Conroatiea infee action, -Should re*
volutio* break out there will be heavy
finances required, and we In this coun*-
try want to be prepared to give our
moral and,material support, including
the craatioa of a healthy public sent!
ment, that in case the working class
succeod ta -establishing a government
in Europe, wo would be in a position
to inflweaca the American government
to give it early recognition. We
should be prepared for emergencies.
Thia war has shown that we are not
much .better than savages. The cause
of war ia Just the old cause in a new
form.. .Savages would infringe on another tribe's hunting grounds, and war
would -ansae. This time it was Ger
man sapitallflts arriving* late on the
scene, aad infringing on the British
and FVaach capitalists' exploiting terri
Tha British working class mov-e-
ment, wbkb was showing such militant aad clear-cut action, has, beea
halted, trite German movement has
bewildered ub. Perhaps we overestimated the German Socialist movement, perhaps it largely reflected tbe
personality of .Wilhelm Liebknecht
and August Bebel, and they being
dead, -tbe movement lost -ita vigor.   At
anv rata tba Oerman   H-nol-allal  mnw.
ro-fcat showed a yellow streak; it show.
ed that it lacked the spirit of international solidarity. iThe spirit of
militarism was inoculated in it
,The psychology of the fife and drum
has .proven more -powerful than the
-Socialist philosophy.  -
There is no use in the German Socialists saying that they were trioked
info the war. 'Had they stood firm
and started a revolution or general
strike, the workers of Britain and
Prance -would have forced their governments to halt Russia from invading Germany. It was not against Russia that the Socialists in the German
army.-marched, but-Belgium, the country where the workers were the farthest advanced bn Xhe road to Social-
Ism, where the International headquarters were lu«:ted; aa;l against
I'ranee, the riost ilcmocrati; country
In continental Kurope. ,
There is no denying the fact that
the German Soicalists gave their aid
to militarism. The magnificent stand
that Liebknecht, Rosa Luxemburg,
Franz Mehrlng, Clara Zetkin, Kautsky
and Ledebour are taking against the
war, shows that reaction has already
set in. Germany-wanted the Belgian
mines and Belgian- seaboard. It was
necessary for her expansion or commercial development. But it looks
as though she had over-reached herself.
Monarchy is now stronger in Belgium than before the war. This talk
of the twilight of the kings Is farfetched, for the present at least.
A revolution is liable to take place
in Austria-Hungary, but if it does it
will be -more of a social affair than an
economic or democratic one. It is
doubtful if a revolution will take place
in Germany. That depends on the
developments in the next few months.
Russia is the one place where we may
expect immediate results. In all probability Russia will become a constitutional monarchy. Russia made a big
advance after the Crimean War when
the Czar voluntarily abolished serfdom; and it is quite reasonable to expect that the influence of British and
French capitalists will operate for reforms in Russia in order to still further secure and enhahce the mortgage they hold on the Russian government, by hastening .economic development
American Socialists are deluding
themselves by supposing that the Italian Socialists prevented Italy -from being Involved in tbe war. .Tite war is
not over and Italy will line up with
the Triple Edntente.     With all due
Manftft  far .the  Infliipneo *nf_*hA—ItaUj
Ian Socialists,  Italy  is  the  poorest
country in-Europe, and has the-greatest illiteracy among its people bf any
of the great powers. Its geographical position-and not its. militant pro-
letaire was the deciding factor in its
policy. Of course, the Italian Socialists are apparently opposed to Germany, as Germany is the invader.
France and Belgium are repelling invasion.
-There is no hope of lasting peace
after this war is over unless the Socialist movement becomes mighty enough to stop militarism and-capitalism. The big bait that is still left
Is that stretch of territory between the
Mediterranean and India, Siberia and
the Gulf of Persia. The Triple Entente is liable to split on account of
the spoils of war. Britain will get
the big band. The British flag will
fly over the greater part of -Africa;
France will get Alsace and Lorraine
and part of Africa south of Morocco;
Russia will get Austria and German
Poland. The Balkan territory will be
the bone of contention between Russia,
Italy, Servla and Greece. W© must
abandon the hope of seeing a united
Balkan States. The United States o!
western Europe Is as yet a dream.
Thc Asia Minor territory Is where the
big hitch will come. Russia will
want it; Britain wants it, and war wiil
ensue. Had Disraeli lived and Gladstone not been in power in the eighties, that territory would all have been
und*r the British flag ere this. There
is big work ahead for the Socialist
movement. Socialism is the only
hope ot & world pe&ce, and there is
no such hope until capitalism is dead,
Anitric i is not going to be drawn into
this wnr. She is not wanted, and
would not amount to anything If she
were in it
Talk o'. starving the war and feeding America -shows a lack of econouic
knowledge on the part of those responsible fork. Industrial para'yrvls
brought on by the war is one of *he
causes of the present high prices and
working class suffering. Restricting
exports to Europe would only make
-more workers suffer on the European
side, and cause further industrial depression on this side. It is zeal misplaced for American Socialists to antagonize the farmers by spoiling their
markets and looks as though they did
not understand capitalism and the Socialist philosophy, or did not want
the support ot the farming element
Cattle, sheep and hogs are decreasing In America owing to capitalism be
unable to fulfil the requirements of
society. Therefore there is no use
of blaming the war for the high cost
of meat The Hamburg market fixes
the price of sugar the world over. The
price of sugar everywhere is the samo
as it is in Hamburg, minus the cost
of transpontation;—Th©-wa.Hbekig-ou-
the Hamburg market is destroyed. .The
German production of sugar beets is
lost to the world. Sugar is scarce;
the law of supply and demand governs. The only solution is for the
government to go into the refining
of sugar and raising of cattle, sheep
and hogs on a scientific basis. The
Socialists of America should make a
big campaign this year on the government going into the sugar Tefln-ing
business. It would make a great issue in Louisana and Texts and- other
sugar-growing states among the farmers. The plantation sugar men of
these three states are ruined.
-An article written by George D.
Herron some ten years ago on the
European situation, opposed the Prus-
slanization of .Europe. His "Phophe-
tic Vision" article was contradictory
to the sentiment expressed by Jaures
In a speech he -made the night before
he was assassinated. The downfall
o! Germany as a world Industrial power, from without, and not from within,
from anything that tbe German Socialists might do, may be impending.
Bismarck's policy of state Socialism
has not had an undermining effect
on German capitalism. It covers the
policy of state insurance of workers
against accidents -in lieu of working
men's compensation in vogue In Great
The theory of the Armageddon of
capitalism is fanciful—at' least for
a while, capitalism has lasted a long
time and may yet last twice as long.
It all depends on the desire of the
people to change the system, and of a
conscious effort on their part to that
end, and of capital being able to adapt
itself to ithe everchanging situation.
If capitalism can adapt itself to the
new conditions as they arise, there is
practically no danger of its falling by
Its own weight. The exploitation of
the many by the few has existed for
ages under different forms, and will
continue to exist as long as the exploiters can adapt his tools to -meet
conditions, or until the workers consciously move to stop exploitation.
There is every prospect of a worldwide industrial stagnation after the
war is over, and of American capitalism receiving a bad set-back im its development; but whether Socialism will
progress is another matter entirely.
Germany has a life and death struggle on now, with-prospects of good-<bye
to the German empire. -The Allies
are determined that there shall be no
peace until democracy dictates the
peace terms.
All indications are that Britain, Italy
and Greece will be lined up in a war
against Russia at the end of the present war, and that we are in for about
ten years of militarism. No prospects are visible for a revolution in
■Germauy either before or aftert the
its deadly work, and it has not pro
duced a brave class of men. The
mass "efficiency" movement of the
German army prove this. Mass moves
in military tactics are the signs of
physical fear.
As evidence of the way capitalism
is adjusting itself to the vsituation,
note the British financial experts arriving in America to assist in adjusting international finance. The capitalists do not want a financial crisis
in America at present; and there will
not be one. War is dangerous to
Socialism is the only hope. How
soon will ithe people of the earth see
it    Education is civilisation.
quickly itsps concha, cures colds, and - heatf
the thioai and hum.      ;;      ::      25 cents.
By  James H.  Maurer,  Pennsylvania
Socialist State Legislator
The only Living Wage for the workers is all the wealth tbat their toil
produces. Taking the figures of production published by the government
■this would mean that after the cost
of the raw material is deducted from
the product of the worker, the equivalent of $30 per week would be the
just share of the toiler. This would
be the least amount and many would
produce much more. For those who
refuse to credit this statement, I would
call attention to the fact that Henry
Ford, the manufacturer of automobiles,
is now paying aminimum wage of $30
per week and makes a frank statement
that he is not paying the workers the
ful] share of their product. How can
other employers explain away this
statement of Ford's? When the majority of the workers ot this country
determine to use their organized power to secure this Living Wage they
can get it. In the meantime we can
use what power we now have to com*
pel legislation to improve our condition so that we can fight with more efficiency for our ultimate goal, which
is the living wage that I liave defined.
Our opponents know what our ultimate goal is, and that is the reason
they are straining every "effort to fool
the workers that they may continue
-to rule and rob them.
A crook was sent to jail for acting
like a congressman, but when a congressman acts like a crook he is stint
to tbe senate.
No Extra Cost
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder is not
a contributor to the increased cost of living.
Its price has not advanced, although
there has been a great increase in the cost
of cream of tartar, from which it is made.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder makes
the finest'and most wholesome food and is
most economical in practical use.
Dr Prices
Baking Powder
Made from Pure, Grape Cream ol Tartar
The District Ledger
.....   v . .
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers, own the paper and control its
policy* All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
We bave looked through your paper with considerable care and interest We might take this opportunity to ex-
press our appreciation tor tne service as rendered so tar. We would also add that it is one of the cleanest werirlta th*t w«*
have nut across in some time.
AM m 11 iji msiia i _r
^i>* Bisfrirf £tb$tt
Published every Thursday evening at ite office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
P. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
is taken. This Mines Act has been in efiVa since
August, 1913, ami it is now high tim* that its compliance therewith insofar as clause 87 is concerned
should be made obligatory by the company operating the Chiuook Mines.
From time to time we intend to comment upon
tlie different acts dealing with labor questions,
more especially those affecting the interests of the
mineworkers of District IS, and *we trust that every
member of the various locals will aid us in om- efforts by furnishing any information that he may
possess that is beneficial to his fellow workers.
Speaking generally the more effectively ihe
workers ave organized llie better are the conditions
prevailing. This statement, -we feel sure, will be
eoneeded liy every worker Who lias had the opportunity for making comparisons.
Thwre i.s a time worn saying. "Show me what a
man reads, and I'll tell you what he is."- We paraphrase this by, "Tell us AVhat percentage of men in
a given district are active union men and we. can
Tlift-reby form a fairly accurate estimate of the conditions of these workers." "This is iio elaborate
theory, hut an indisputable fact, easy of corroboration by anybody who will take the trouble to investigate.
Statistics have been gathered by impartial observers relative to the differences existing between
union and non-union camps, with the result that
tlie character of the conditions varies with the decrees of unorgaiiization. lint between union and
non-union camps there is an average advantage
from a wage viewpoint of .15 per cent in favor of
rho former. ' However, the money advantage is
only one feature of benefit, the most marked superiority of the union over the non-union camp is in
the conditions and surroundings of the former.
These practical illustrations of what can be ac-
complishcd by organized effort should encourage
every individual to aid in battering liis own condition by urging upon all his fellows the necessity of
co-operation. If a partially organized camp is far
better than a non-union camp, one that is solidly organized is what every worker should strive for. to
the end that he may secure the best possible conditions for himself and his fellows that are obtainable
 nnd er_th P—wagcS- -Svstein	
Quite frequently there is an agitation started
for a reform, and whilst it may be badly needed we
ought not at thc same time overlook legislation already on tlie statute books that is advantageous
only if enforced. Following along these lines, we
strongly urge upon every secretary of the I". M. W.
of A. locals throughout* the province of Alberta who
does not already possess a copy of the Mines A"t
of 1913, to write for «ne to J, W, Jeffrey; Government Printer, Edmonton. When this has been pro
«'Ured an excellent plan would bc to rend over the
provisions and discuss them in the union meetings.
At thc present time we wish to call particular
attention to clause 87, found on page !12 of the
aet in question, which rends as follows:
"Tf more than twenty persons are employed in any mine below ground, .sufficient accomodation shall be provided enabling the persons employed in the mine to conveniently
wash themselves and dry and change their
elothcK, and such accomodation shall not he in
the engine house nr boiler house,"
(Note—There should he two "mV iu "accommodation."    .We .quote the clause verbatim.)
Hy far the greater majority of the coal mining
-companies throughout Alberta are complying with
this law in every respect, However, there are a
few exceptions, the most notable amongst which
Is ('hincmk Mines, Commerce. Alberta, where approximately MO men are employed.
Aft the aforementioned plnc«- the clause referred
to is imir.tii'.dly .i dead litter, .t.\ thc .u:-.:u)iiuioih)
tion there provided  fif it can he termed an iw-
••uininodation) is totally inadequate and the prevailing state i»f iiffniim Nimply disgraceful.
We deem it opportune to quote t'liuiw Vin, |i:i«-o
•M. of the act under consideration!
"Kvery owner, agent, manager, overman or
(•xmnin«>r who violate* any of Ilu» jiromioiM of
thin act shall, nn summary conviction, be liable
to a penalty noi exceeding one hundred dollar*
and e.m!K."
WheiieviM' a worker in charged with an infract inn
of the law there j« hut little time liml in lookinir
into the t*nm\ and it found amity. Minima ry action
Elsewhere in these columns will be found full
details of the 'Imperial Naturalization Act which
goes into effect January 1, 1915.
We would suggest to our readers, especially those
of foreign birth, that they carefully study the pro-
Heretofore, one of foreign birth taking out naturalization papers enjoyed the privileges of a Canadian citizen only so long as he remained within the
confines of the Dominion.
Many naturalized Canadian citizens were
under the impression that they were likewise British subjects until a visit to the land of their birth
and a clash w-ith the public authorities to their
chagrin and surprised proved the contrary.
This new act remedies a recognized deficiency,
as it now confers upon a naturalized Canadian all
the privileges of a born British subject, and entitled to the protection of the British flag wherever he
may go;
The following is a summary of the provisions:
■ 1.'The applicant   must  give  three  months'
notice of the desire to become naturalized.
2. State officials will check up the record of
the applicant; this is submitted to a judge who
passes upon it, and if he be satisfied that the
applicant is acceptable a certificate of naturalization will be issued by the Secretary of State,
li. Those 'who'.have become naturalized
Canadian citizens under the old ael, desiring to
become full-fledged British subjects, must send
their certificates already granted lo thc Secretary of State and,'provided they furnish proof
of five years' residence in the Dominion, a new
certificate of citizenship will be issued. In the
event of not having been a resident of Canada
five years, they must wait until this period
has elapsed before they can become British
4. To become a Canadian citizen only, three
yeare' residence is necessary. The new aot
docs not prevent an applicant from obtaining
this privilege.
ciiaraeter ~muBr_ De"~iur-
C. Applicant must have an adequate knowledge of English or French. Court to decide
this question.
7. If certificate of naturalization be issued
applicant must express intention of residing
in His'Majesty's dominions or to enter or continue in the service of the Crown.
8. Applications must be posted by the applicant in the post office nearest to his residence and in the office of the clerk of court.
9. Fces-~(a) Naturalization. $5.00; (h) He-
naturalization, $3.00; taking oath of allegiance,
fifty cents.
10. In British Columbia the following courts
will deal with applications for naturalization;
Supreme Court, Court of Assizes aud County
court.     In Alberta—Supreme Court, District
Oourt.   ,
The next sitting of the Supreme Court will not
take place until May next, but all those desiring to
make application must appear in person, and the
next opportunity for «o doing will he Thurwlay.
January 14. 1915. when Judge (J. II. Thompson will
hold court for the purpose iu the Provincial Chambers in Fernie.
For the benefit of those residents in the community who are at present subjects of Germany.
Austria or Turkey, no application for iiiittirnHxn-
tiou will be entertained until after peace has been
We do not know what is the statu* of a German
or Austrian born resident of Camilla wlio has already become n Canadian citizen insofar nn this
new act of nut urnlixntion in concerned. Those who
come under tlitn eat-egory are advised to appear liefore the Court Tlmixla.v. January 14th. Mate the
ease and nsceriiilii from the presiding judtfe whether they can he admitted tn the full enjoyment of
Itritiitli citizenship provided that they have complied with Ihe regulation* rctfanliiiK the five year*'
iiHideiiee ill Canada.
The three nioiitlis' preliminary implication vn-c*
a two-fold pnrpow. it enable* enqtiirien to bt» made
touching tin* applicant** record, him! n\m> ptvvenlw
the malting of voter* where an flection js exacted.
Dave Rees Replies
to John Loughran
(Continued tvatt* Page Oue)
older than I and has had considerable
experience, but I have taken an active
interest in the trade union movement
ibis past IS years, hence feel I can
speak with some littlo authority on the
advisability of retaining our present
election system.
I have followed the movements of
many agents and officers who have
served the workers for 20 years or
more, and the same fault is invariably
found with the majority of them. The
miner's agent after having been out
of ihe coal" face for a lengthy period,
seems to acquire a different conception of the hardships and miseries of
th« miner's pounding in abnormal
places amid foul air, gases, etc. Too
often the .miner's hardships are measured by the hardships that the agent
himself encounters, and whilst I know
an official's life is no sinecure, there
is no comparison between a man working under adverse conditions in a mino
and mi officer putting up with his
many inconveniences.
Aimin, there are officers who, hav-
Iuk lield office for so long, feel that
the man who has the audacity to oppose him is a deliberate thief, trying
to rob him or HIS job. lie feels that
his permanency In office, regardless
o? Ills accomplishments, ought not to
be questioned. This is particularly
true of the old country. - Why should
not llie officer who feels he has earned Ills salary look forward with pleasure to election day, inasmuch as that
is his best gauge or method of knowing if his work is being appreciated by
the workers? Any officer ought to be
pleased that he has the privilege of
knowing whether or not he is satisfy-
the majority. The man who cares noi
whether he retains the confidence of
those who employ him should be immediately deposed.
I can speak with better authority of
the South Wales' coalfields than other
parts ot Britain, and I feel positive
that it would give greater satisfaction
thern if they had periodical elections
for agents and checkweighmen. I have
heard the .persistent grumbling back
there about the checkweighmen. This
would go on until the poor old weigher's legs could no longer stand the
strain of carrying an unusually large
paunch to and from the weigh box,
then you had the -privilege of voting
a new man in for 40 years or so. The
only reason I can see for the Welsh
miners not changing that system is
their extraordinary reverence for cus-
The International
And The War
J.   Bruse  Glasier,  Editor of
Socialist Review, London,
established  customs
The Socialist movement throughout
Europe strove earnestly and- valiantly
against the -war.   That much is universally acknowledged. But the forces
of war were too great for it.     The
Socialist movement, it   must   be remembered, is young; in Germany the
political beginning of the movement
does not date back more than fifty
years, in Prance not more than forty,
and in England not more than thirty
years.   In no country does the movement count a majority   even   of   the
iworking class; in no country does it
control    Parliament,   diplomacy,   or
armaments.     Militarism, on -the other
hand,   is  coeval  -with,  political government; the passions, traditions, and
interests which nourish and are nourished by It are rooted in the very
structure of  human society.   Parliaments, thrones and empires rely   >n
It.    Was it realy conceivable that the
Socialist movement, as yet so young,
so inexperienced, so loosely organized, nowhere holding sovereignty over
the people or the state, could possibly
prove a maitch for the monstrous powers of war?     Should we not rather
esteem it a remarkable and encouraging sign that the liope tor fear) was
ulready beginning to spread that Socialism might, not yet may be, but at
no distant date become strong enough
for the supreme task of overcoming
militarism and  war and establishing
Invariably tho reign of democracy and
The Socialist movement could not
prevent tlie governments from declaring war. No reproach can fairly rest
with it on -that score. But how has
the movement itself stood the shock
of war? Has our great international
proved true to its principles, proved
worthy of our hopes in It, now that
the first real testing hour iu Its history has come?
Alas! no. The International has
given way lamentably under the
strain. Hts ties have snapped, the
chief national sections have ranged
themselves with their governments in
the fratricidal strife. For the present
the international is become a spirit, a
hope, a faith, a cause, deserted of all
but a remnant of the millions of all
nations whose love and enthusiasm
but a month or two ago made Socialism seem the most powerful and gloii-
•RITItH COLUMBIA federation!
to  prevail  over
common sense.
Now, as to men who do their duty
?n this District, they hold their respective offices aa long as they choose to
retain thein, despite the fact that every
local has Its annual election of loca!
officers. Look at tho many exanui!°si
of lural officers and checkwetehmpn
who liave held office continuously ;'or
yearn. In Conl Creek checkwelgliniin
nre elected tcr.u-iuly every six -motr.lii..
T have no 1 filiation in stnilng ln:\t
the lute Uro. Dr.ve Paton would yet 1>(»
checkweighman had he lived nml * ot
Bon-Rht another office. We have ailu-r
woil'lmrn who from tlmo to time to-
ceivr the i-cpi ct vote, thn m.iJ'i'ILy
t'nb rpiirocluiln;; their work.
The foreitoiiiR n miirki, r belle v, iirr
•sufi'lciert to ,:»row- that our ni-iii-ie.-s
nn> nut .'lo;'cili»-! ungrateful, j; 13
lm*) any District or local officer vlll
in:ik<< em-mlcs; If lie does not he 'in
rioilliitely iicii.-onUrates Inactivity. It
Ik il*o ['.eiu lally accepted that lem
Clulsl .Mlins-elf uiuld have his .'iTIc-ji
■A.iiv iu- loMin-K :in Important eitltc.
will t>t tlu* i-u-iH' time most of 011/ men
muit bo Riven credit for acknowledging ability.
No. John, experience It not a ill*-
I trust no reader will miwcouMriie
my motive for replying to -tlrothof
I-jOiighran'R letter, I nimply with to
uphold our system again*, the one wa
hnvo left behind u« in the Hrltlsh IsIm,
and I hnvo expressed these views mnny
times In writing to my friend* ncron*
tho herring pond.
I have possibly taken too much apace
to farther dwell on the subject, bat in
conclusion I would atate tbat It ti a
iletmtnbl* question as to whether or
no! biennial clt'citon* would not lm
morn advantageous In tbt» Dlntrlrt
than annual election*, having in mind
(hi- furt that w«» huvo the slmptflit
form of iw.ill In tb« whole arganliii-
tion. However, thnt is n different Mb-
je-vi, but hi for thin •leet for life bu»i-
tie***, to quote my friend John, ".Votb-
taK dates*" Wit mt IKstJkt ir*
Tlii.nklng you for the space,
Yonrt truly,
11AVK tlRW.
pacifist principles, declared the war
was unavoidable, approved the policy
of the government in talcing part in
it, and appealed .to the workers to
take mp arms in "defense of their
.  How sudden and complete was the
change in the attitude of the movement at the beat of the war drum at
its own country's door will he realized when we recall the circumstance
under   which   the    movement    had
pledged Itself against war even at the'
last hour.     As late as -Friday, July
31, the day on which news reached
this country that Russia had ordered
a general mobilisation of her troops
and   war  between   Prance  and  Germany was regarded as a foregone conclusion, at a -meeting of -the British
Committee of the International Bureau
(representative of all sections of Lhe
British  movement,  a  manifesto  was
adopted  (drafted  by -Mr.  Hyndman)
declaring resolutely for peace, urging
the  British  Government   to   remain
neutral In the event of war. and warning the British   people,  not  against
German militarism, but against Russian aggression and Russian  despot-
Ism.     On the following Saturday and
Sunday (August 1 and 2) huge "Stop
the War" meetings under the auspices
of the bureau and the Labor party,
were held in London and other cities.
At the London Trafalgar Square meeting every shade of Socialist and Labor
opinion was represented.     Among the
speakers were J. Keir Hardie, -M. P.;
Arthur Henderson, M.P,; Will Thorne,
M.P.;   George  Lansbury,  Ben  Tillett
and Cunninghatme-Graham.   Mr. -Hen-j
dersoii, who referred to the news pub-{
lished in the morning that war had *
brokeh out between Russia and France!
and Germany, said that "unless we are i
on our guard we may be reduced to;
the same position as Germany, Russia |
and France.     We are here to protest j
against war In the name of Interna-'
tlonal brotherhood." !
Mr. Thorne declared tnat the whole
country was waiting for Mr.,. Asquith
to make a declaration of neutrality.
"What do we," he explained, "the
workers, know of this unholy tr'.ple
alliance that bids one nation to assist
another in wholesale slaughter? If
under the terms of this alliance we
are called upon to back up Russia
and France the government should be
called upon to resign." Ben Tillett
averred that "the workers   had   the
ous~~embodiment otfiuinan brdtKeF"
hood tbe world has ever known. Like
Christianity, freethought, science, art,
literature, education—like all the
great expected means of human deliverance, International Socialism bas, at
this stage of Its growth, i>t any rate,
failed to endow men with invulnera-
Mlity to the appeal of wav.
The Socialist movement could not
preient war; It strove hard to uvert it,
and Is ln no degree responsible for
its outbreak. Thc failure of International Socialism does uot lie there. It
lies in tbe fact that it has not beon
able to prevent thc Socialist lenders
und rank und rile In the belligerent
conntrlPB from partlclptalns in a war
which they believed to be wroivg and
strove to prevent, and from murdering their fellow Socialist* lu the battlefield al the behest of their rulers.
International Socialism which cannot
prevent Socialists murdering one nn
other and In inflict ing deaths, wounds
mul misery ou defenceless women and
children, nnd In wrecking awful havoc
upon title* mid ipwions building*, '.«
not International Socialism at nil, Is
not 8oclall»in at all. The International
Socialist movement has failed, therefore, because Ita Internationalism and
IU Socialism gave way even as Christianity and cutturo gave way at the
first blunt of Uie rapltnlltt trump of
Th* British Movtm-tnt and tho War.
tat nn look ot home. How haa tbt
Itrltdsh Socialist anil tabor section of
thn international conducted Itself In
tbla crista? We gather that a good
deal of confunton exlaU lu the .minds
oi SoeUlum abroad voiueriilng tbe
position taken up by tbe movement In
tbla country. Tbtu li hardly to b# won-
d-i-red ai contlderitm how sharp and
i!«N*p linn become tlif division of opinion In tbe movement Itself sine* Ute
war broke out, -The division la an un-
equal one, however-the Independent
Ubor Party (I. I.. IM striding almost alone tn Us uiitatterlng adhesion
to th* prta-t-tpfo* of Internationa! Ho-
ctallum -nnd pe-ae*. In conawiitenee of
»tt*-tr f<afl»«« d*el%r;itloaa oa tk* ftaur
of tb* House nf Commons, on public
platforms am) in tbo Labor leader
columns, Mr. Ramsay Mscdonsld,
M. P, nttrt Mr. Keir Hnfiil*, M. R—
j tbe two moet prominent members of
j the I. L. P.—bare beon the object of
gium.- and at - midnight oa Tuesday
Britain declared war against Germany. " The die was cast,. Tba government had taken the. fateful etap of
plunging the nation,into a European
war. Notwithstanding thia tbe National Executive of the Laibor -party
at a specially summoned oneeiUng ibeld
in the House of Commons oa .lfed-aes-
day, August 5, unanimously adopted
the following resolution:
That the conflict between the
nations in Europe in wbiek this
country is involved is owing to
Foreign .Ministers pursuing diplomatic policies for the purpose of
maintaining a balance of (power;
that our own national -policy of
understandings with Fraaoe and
Russia only was bound to dicrease
tbe power of Russia both -ia Europe and Asia, and to endanger ,,
good relations with Gennaay. -
That Sir Edward Grey, as
proved by the facts which ke gave
to the House ot Common^ com-
. lnitted without the knowledge of
our people the honor of tbe country to supporting France 1s tbe
event of any war ia which she
was seriously involved-, aad gave
definite assurance ot support before the House of €ommoas bad
any chance of considering the
-That the labor movement reiterates the fact that it kaa opposed the policy which haa produced the war, and tbat its duty
is now to secure peace at. the
earliest possible -moment, on auch
conditions aB will provide -tbs best
opportunities for tbe re-establishment of amicable feelings between the workers of Barope.
That without -in any way receding from the position, tbat the
Labor movement has takea tn opposition to our engaging lm a European war, the executive of the
parly advises that, while matching for the earliest opportunity
for taking effective action in. the
interests of peace and Ike re-
establishment of gopd feelings between the workers of ISbo European nations, all labor aad So,
clallst organizations should- concentrate their energies -meantime
upon the task of carrying out the
resolutions passed at the conference of labor organizations bold
at the House of Commons on August ',, detailing measures to be
taken to mitigate the destitution
which 'will inevitably overtake
our working people white the
state of war lasts.
right to say they would not be embroiled." Cunninghame-Orahaai described as a "damnable lie the state-
ment that was was 'inevitable.' It is
not Inevitable so far as tMs country
is concerned. Great Britain stltl has
the casting vote, and had she given
Russia and France to understand she
would have nothing to do with this
terrible war. Russia would, havr
ceased her bluffing and Germany
would never have h-nd an opportunity
to -impel war," In none of the speeches
wa*i reference made to Germany as
the aggressor, or German military au-
tacraey as the chief menace to Rm«-
pcim peace.
ftirlt was the position of tlii united
Socialist and tabor forces up till the
vory hour of Britain entering   Into
After ths Declaration of War
On Mondny, August 3. Sir Kdward
Orpy made hia speech in wlilcn \\e
explained bla negotiations for peace,
his engagements with France, and announced bis ultimatum to Germany
with respect to tbe neutrality of Tie)
ThIs~restfluflon waST^STft'tSeTlme"*
of writing remains, the fonoai declaration of the Labor Party poMcy on the
war. How completely tbe Labor
M. P.s and the generality of the leaders of the movement wltk the exception of those of the I. L. <P. bave
since departed from tho teruvs" '■ and
spirit ot that statement la known.to
our readers. . The defection, began
early and soon became a stampede.
On the very night ot tbo adoption ot
the resolution by tbe executive the
majority of tlie Labor members of
Parliament opposed the proposal of
their chairman, Mr. Ramsay -Macdonald. that: be should read Its terms
in his speech that evening to the
House. In consequence of their retraction from tbe iposltlon aid policy
which until then the party hsd unanimously adopted, Mr. Mnedoaald resigned from the chairmanship of ths
parliamentary group, aud -Mr. Arthur
Henderson, who was thon it -full accord with Mr. Maodoaald, accepted
the office temporarily.
(Coatlaa-rd •■ Pact rtret
Special   Sale   of
Boy's Suits
Hoys' Suits, (rood r|tt»Ht.v sor-jrc; r*ttti)nr$4fill	
Hoys' Tweed Sultss "retrainr #4.00 , ,
-UiHe*' Top Skirts, Rood make, rnngo from tfiiM to..,
Jadlwi' up-to-date Overeoati*,, nt Half pric-e.
Con* In tnd Bee our Price*
Don't miis Santa OUui* fiih Fond which will bt hen on
, Ohriitmaf Mrt
Hoot*, Slmus ami Hubbem tor Mfi», Women and ('hlldrwi will
be siild at coat.
m**% n tb tt •     • 1
Fernie Municipal
Elections 1915
F«m|«, B. C, Dw 30, 1914
UnioUeitdd by iny party or i«ct I beg to offar
myiaU m a candidate for Municipal honort at tha
forthcoming atetfoat, ind Jf aJortwi will nae my
beat effort and iMHty to aam the ratepayer* in a
thoroughly baataenUke and nnbiated manner
Tenn faithfully,
**   mt im * * m **« m   *******    *   m^ •       * *» ■    * ....,«, _.
*—*-—-■ I    »*nn*^,n«\|«i« **\* *<n4 *"W will -»»i>i>* tttit-iiMtw**   aH*t*t> »b<> Iter* *tb*<n -fnb-l
The probabilities nr* that  Inlaln* j tb* old fstholk"  -Hrowh  on  «nni1ny I den and ftrtflit opiwaed th* -Crimean
tion affeetlnt the workers   will   be 1 evciilim at 7 ot lock sharp, and march [ War.    Let u». tbcrefor*. make clear
brought before the l^alshituw at the (from tbere to Cbrtst Church, whore
comlna session, amona which will be)service will be held.    The Rer. II. R.
..)•*,.   ., , ,.i .... , ,,>..   ,.,.„..,,.„   ! ty  tfr>*if.i"f en«   ^hiti1<»l-n tit thti w»liBMl
Of (lli Jt log.
By Order,
fl. O. MQWWjrr,
UpL "A" Comp.
Cspt "W Comp.
Her. ".win, mil
antion for srcidenis, and otber matters
i!*all witb by the llojnl Commission,
and It Is possible that these matters
may lw shelved owing to tbe present
war situation. It l» therefore neees-
mry tbat oraanited labor should be
prspsi^d to deal with these mailers,
sn th**- occasion srties. -TV present
unemployed slt-nstton hss W* -N-wsld-
rfvd by all kinds of organisations,
charitable aad otberwise, trat m ao
solution or palllati™ ma b** sdraaeed
naless of a provincial cbamcter. II ia
aectMsarr that It shoold be eonsfdarad
bf tbt labor morement of tbe purr-
Kernn'. »U"
Itw*     Te this «»Bd you are vra*d »
send yoar representatives and sappert
Um- VrOtntim by ymr active o^ojHtfs
ttoa awl affiliation witb that boly.
Yours Fraternally,
wbat bas oc-tarred.
■stare War Waa Declared
t*n »« 1*m im^tfttt** artttte **ii» tm*'*rn-
m-f>ttt declared war. tb« gorUltst and
labor saovesneat it this -roowry. at in
Vrnnri; (iermaajr and otber lands,
waa «nil#d aad solid ta oppoeiaf militarism and war, and in agitating a-
garfnst tbe anrerament eatsrlM lato
tbf p!*eeai etraaH-r. Aim as ta
-Prsne*, ft-emieny and tbe other bet*
llae-mnt ^ouatrles, a* aooa aa Kit awn
pnvaraaweat spoke tbe wond ef war,
tbe wlMda aacweaatttt with tic eaeep-
tlee nt tbo I. I* f, end a few individuals aad Waarbaa halnasias ta
^sw TfWi-™-iw    mrmn^m     awwoow*e*^&^^m     aaF^^^v^^-wm^etm     **^-*
otter gwi.au ef tbe awn—t,  at
33* 23
and psaeefal seenrtty aa wsM.
Wit* a peHor In onr eM Jtae
vataeomwf, -nw -pan wo mt est whit
vacation er vtatt tbm nmto ot tie
sarti aai roe kaev feaVe tm
enrs*.  line teat in
ta alwaya rtieapsat, aad laaial
ally ao when It doeen'tcaet
btgbm. Dont delay aiaaittat
wiKjfut or ttbuiw tttai nattn in
aaraaee yea want imt eaaM rtait
In »« ooi-* add bnt* It sh-m^M
m        fttmi,tc. _v-r»;_ -s^-iiVt—-
■ff    ,v."
of The  District Camps
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<a
♦ .
, The Ckrietmas holidays up here expended aatll Monday, Dec. 28.
Johany .Walker and Johnny. Dawar
were very popular in ca-mp during the
festive -season.
Th» «bildren's concert and tea party
■^at the lUethodist Church up .here was
prod-uct^T-s of great discoveries in the
.shape el -youthful prodigies.   -Children
who, witb our grown up wisdom we
.had regarded as Just ordinary ''flappers" «r lads, displayed a wealth ot
. artistic ability that has been the talk
And   wonderment of  the  camp  ever
since. -The youngsters surpassed them
selves, and went one better; they gave
an exhibition that would not have dis
graced their parents,  while the ab
sence of stage fright amply indicated
that the children had been well train-
■ed and possessed a confidence in their
oiwa   ability.     Wednesday   evening's
concert will be remembered for some
time, and we earnestly hope the young-
ters will be permitted at some not tar
dtstaat date to repeat their performance.  Starting al 5,-ltO with a sumptuous repast the concert followed when
the jo ves lie appetite had beeu mppeas-
°-ed,  tbe -hot.  J.  Stoodley  presiding.
Among those contributing items were:
Allssee   Merchant,   Branch.   ..Millburn,
Millsboroaeb,  Drew  and   Finch;   also
Musters Young, Corlett, Hartley, Pox-
on, Dncaaaan aud MoCourt.   -The program concluded with a laughable farce
■entitled, "A -Schoolmaster's Examination."    ,        ,
Christmas Tree at Coal Creek Club
Long before the appointed hour ot
11 am CbrlBtmas morning, r. large
band of expectant juveniles assembled
In the precints of the Club to partake
ot the good things from the Christmas
tree. A wHlng band of workers were
in attendance. Santa Claus drove
np to tke Club Hall in -state, and his
arrival was the signal for general
cheering. The character being ably
sustaiaed by Joe Worthington, wbo
carried oat Mb duties admirably. The
thanks ol Ibe parents find children go
to tbe subscribers and committee, in
charge to wfcom nil credit is due.
The balloting  for officers at  the
Coal Creek {Hub took place on Sunday
_last.    .The.foMowlne bring-lhe.Mtl-sa*s
Santa Claus this year was lmiperson<
ated by J-jjiss P^ul, who is laboring in
Michel under the auspices of the Woman's Missionary Society. -There is
no woman in town who has more consideration and regard for the .children
than this lady. All -the presents distributed in connection with either N'ew
Town or Michel (wkh the exception of
one package which was donated by
T. Eaton, Winnipeg) were gifts from
Miss Paul through the kindness of the
W. M. S„ whether it was a new dress,
sweater or a child's home-made scrap
December has been about the worst
month of the year ln this camp. The
mine has worked only three days so far,
but we are threatened with inOre physical exertion before tho new year
makes his debut.
The Christmas tree held in the Union Hall Christmas Hve was a 'very
successful affair, as all such events
should be. The youngsters got suitable sifts while their elders were re-
freshed with cake and tea.
.The volunteers from Taber, who are
training in Calgary, spent Christmas
tn town with their friends.
The miners' band on Christmas Day
played music appropriate to the occasion, at the homes of a number of citizens, and as a consequence the local
relief fund issricher by about twenty
dollars. Those people who were not
reached on that day will recelvfe atten-
tion at New Years.
Taber has made application for a
share of the money granted by tho
provincial government in aid of the unemployed.
A rink is being prepared on the old
Citizens' Lumber Co.'s property. The
relief committee is doing the work
and same is being distributed where
most needed.
James Stene, or Pocahontas, is
spending Christmas with his uncle,
■Mickey Williams, an old-timer in the
Pass, who has been ou tbe sick list for
some time past, was recently imade the
recipient of .the kindness of some of
our local philanthropists and it is expected tliat other steps will be taken
in the near future with the object of
making some provisions for tlie comfort of tbe old man.
The tipple is now complete and ln
full swing.
■Men are all working steadily, but
at the present time we do not know ot
any openings for an addition to the
The ? is: Who was the prominent
citizen who found the door locked on
his return from acting as a gallant
escort "after the ball"?
A Presbyterian minister, W. H. i.Mun-
caster. from Blairmore, held religious
service In the school house last Sun-
day which was well attended.
This ls the first time a sky pilot has
been up here for au age, except, of
courso, Kather Anthony, who is a regular visitor to the members of his
While two Russians were walking
from McGillivray to Corbin Saturday
one of them said that he felt tired and
told his companion to walk on while he
rested. One of the men reached Corbin safely, but as he was not staying
at tlie same shack as his partner,
never noticed his absence until Sunday afternoon. After making enquiries, and ascertaining that he had not
returned, he proceeded to walk down
the track, where he eventually found
him frozen to death. There will be
an  inquest today  (Wednesday).
•Mr. Charles Graham, superintendent
of .the mines here, journeyed to the
coast to spend Christmas with his
wife and family, but, we are sorry to
hear that he has been taken ill. We
wish him a speedy recovery.
The children's Christmas tree was
held on Christmas Even, and after
the juveniles had given a few recitations and songs, their efforts were rewarded by the appearance of the Saintly Nicholas, who distributed presents
that gladdened the hearts of all.
A turkey shoot was he-Id at the Flathead Hotel Christmas Day, Mr. Spencer putting up five big turkeys. lt.
fiurbett secured first .prize with a
score of 21; while C. Kerr, W. Bell and
J. .Macdonald also secured birds.     A
Christmas evening, Coleman v. Pincher
Creek. The visitor won with a margin of one goal.     Score: 4—3.
■The freemasons gave a dance in
the Opera House on Christmas n-ight
in honor of the Coleman Contingent,
who, having leave of absence, were
spending their Christmas holidays
with friends in town. An enjoyable
evening was spent.
Botn—At West Coleman, to Mr. and
Mrs. Jas. Young, a daughter.
If wrong doing is done, we say let
the wrong doer be punished, but that
does -not '.palliate misrepresentation
nor does petty s-iiite. One of our contemporaries along the Pass, in order
to foster the spirit of animus, alludes
to u man who had the misfortune to
be a subject of the Sultan as a Turk,
when, as a matter of fact, he is not,
but u bom Syrian and a Christian,
not it Muliomeduii. This is no time
to display iho spirit of viiidictiveness,
aud would suggest to the scribe in
question that he comply with the regulations laid down by the governmental
authorities regarding alien enemies
who are peacefully following*their us
uul vocations in our midst.   Nuf sed.
Several shooting competitions took
place this week-end at both pool
rooms. Those winning turkeys at
Bob Hall's place were Chris Myer,
Jack iMaddison, G. Wilde and G. Vickers. Prizes have been competed for
at MarteU's place, and included,, 20
kegs of limp juice and 14 turkeys.
A grand ball was held in the Union
Hall Monday, Dec. 21st, Fernie Orchestra being in attendance.
President W. L. Phillips and-Secretary A. J. Carter accompanied by Mr.
Ostlund, were visitors in camp on
Tuesday on business.
for the a«*t year. President: Wm.
■MoFegaa; vice-president.- Dr. Workman; secretary,-W. R.-Puckey; assistant-sesretary, J. S. Weir: auditors,
Messrs. Finlayson aud Hugall; board
of mans-gesttent, J. Worthington, W. S.
>3reinhll», 8am Heaney. Jo}m Lungdon,
David Skinks, J. Buchanan, Frank
See, Bd. Har'itou.
A very successful social danco wn*
held Sn tba Club Hall on the rvp ling
of ObrtatUM Day. Music was supplied by Okas. Percy ably assisted by
Wm. AJ»W, president of the Musician's
Don't forges the grand concert on
January Jat at the Methodist Church.
A good Mm'assured.
♦ ♦ «► ♦ "♦:♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ '"'.-• ■*■ ♦:
♦ "'   •      '   " ' ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
The flosdsy school children of Xew
Michel apaw. a .vorf enjoyable afternoon on /Monday last at the Opera
House,     Tea was served out to 150
Bd. Marples leftMiere Sunday for
Vancouver, where he has a job ia sight
Tom Patterson left here for Lethbridge, on Saturday.
(The Sanatorium -Hockey Team play-
Mr. Marsh's recruits Wednesday night
and beat them by a wore of I to 3.
► ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-
ipecial WTW, Turkey was also won by
R. Garbett with a score of 14 out of a
possible 15.
A match was arranged between R.
Garbett and ".Missouri" Bill at 100
yards, S shots. It. Garbett Von easily
with 23 points.
(Received too late fo'. publicaticr.
last week.)
The mine here worked two days last
week, which was the first offence lor
over a month, and one day this week,
but from what we oan learn great
hopes are entertained that we will go
to it full steam ahead from, the beginning of the Xew Year.
,Mr. P. J. Boyd, of the office staff,
who took Mr. X. Morrison's place here
about four months ago, left last week
to take up a position in the head office of the firm at Edmonton. Mr.
Joe J. Cash, of -Coalhurst, has taken
Mr. Boyd's place here. Previous to
leaving -Mr. Boyd entertained his co-
,off-lcials and a few friends to supper
at the Beaver Hotel. Like all others
who have inhaled the breeze ot Beaver,
Mr. Boyd regretted leaving and would
have willingly sacrificed the prospects
of promotion If left alone at Beaver.
Jake and Mrs. Katlik, bartender and
cook of the Reaver Hotel, left on Tuesday for Edmonton. Both were well
Tf^»credTnra~ttiSite""!iiany friends dur-
Ing their twelve .month's .'stay.
-"lorn—To .Mr and Mrs. W. H. Chappell, Jr., a son.
IMrs, J. (.McLean is under the .weather
we are sorry to record!
The hockey staged here on Christmas Day between Bellevue and'Prsink
resulted in a win for the latter by ti to
5 goals.
An escapade, of one of our Well-
known residents resulted in the loss of
eleven "bones."
Quite a number of thefts have been
reported lately around here of fowls,
pigs, turkeys, potatoes, etc. Mr. Cole
lost four turkeys from his ice room
that had been procured for the successful competitors in his rifle range
competition. It would almost seem as
if these thefts are indicative of the
conditions .prevailing in the camp;
possibly a little investigation would
Quite a number of the residents of
this camp are to be congratulated upon
their faithful adherence to the pledges
taken some times ago. They partook
of the Christmas cheer that gladdens
but does not sodden, and to all appearances are greatly benefited.
The captain and Shorty's aggregation are expected at iBellevue on Wednesday, when a team of our invincibles
will oppose them.
The miners here were in a position
to commence the festive season early
owing to the mines being idle since
The joys of the season have not
beeii unalloyed for the residents of
St. James and Elizabeth Streets (what
ing campaign aroused far more hostility to the I. U P. than did its manifesto on the war. The council certainly left itself open to the criticism
that while not explicitly declaring
against recruiting altogether it -conveyed the impression that it had done
so.' Its position would have been
sounder had it frankly' declared that
as a Socialist organization it could
not take part in any militarist ajppeal
to the workers, that Socialists as Socialists could not ask the workers of
one country to go forth to slay the
workers of other countries. That,
however, would have involved the
Quaker position, which is, we believe,
finally the only true Socialist position.
The "Revolutionists" and "Rebels."
Officially, the organization which
claims for Itself the title of the Brit-,
Ish Socialist party, while protesting
against the rivalries and diplomacy
that have driven the peoples of Europe into war! believes It to be the
duty of Socialists in this country" jo
support the government and the military arm in the crisis and assist in recruiting. So*.we read the somewhat
ambiguous manifesto issued by the executive, and so evidently do a considerable number of the branches of the
parly. Mr. H. M. Hyndman, the
founder of the party* and for many
years Its representative on the International Socialist Bureau, lias thrown
himself Into'the war crusade against
"German'' militarism'with a pafrh>tic
iti'.ensiiy which does not surprise ns.
He h.js written to the Tory Moni ng
Pest accusing'iMr. Ramsay iMacd to&ld
of being a traitor to his country because he opposed in Parliament the
inflation of British armaments, as ill
members   of  the  International   were
and are pledged to do in their respective countries. Doubtless in Mr.
Hyndman's eyes, our martyred Comrade Jaures was also a traitor to his
country, and deserved his doom at the
hand of an assassin for opposing in
the French chamber the law for extending military service from two to
three years.
Of our British "revolutionists" and
"rebels" in the lump, It may be said
they have almost to a man gone over
to the war party. At any rate, Mr.
Hyndman, Mr. Cunninghame-Graham.
Mr. Cecil Chesterton, ,Mr. Ben Tillett
and a crowd of their friends, as likewise Mrs. Pankhurst and the militant
suffragists generally, are now gone a-
jlngoing and an anti-Germaniing with
the "Labor party trimmers," the ''Marconi Liberals," the "fat men" and all
such like whom, until a few weeks ago,
it- was lhe joy of their lives to denounce and scarify. .Mr. George Lansbury und Mr. Herbert Burfrows have,
on the other hand, stood boldly out
from the war part). We must also
in elude in our anti-war list Mr James
Larkin and his Irish Revolutionary
party.— N. Y, Call.
Funeral  Director
and    Embal nier
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN    "M,D8M.coV,M-5,"t ,43    ALBERTA
(Although received early on Wednesday, we were unable to publish
the following notes owing to the fact
that we went to pres* In the afternoon
or that day.) *      '
On •Saturday last the railroad employees of the Corbtn-McClillivrny division of the Kustern Ilritlsh Columbia
Hallway gave an Invitation dance In
which practically every resident of
Corbin of dancing aaa attended, and a
goodly sprlnWtna of trippers of the
Dalit fantastic from moat of the adjoining camps were In evidence.
The Flathead Hotel, where the event
Tbildraa at 4 o'clock by the ladies and j took plat*, waa appropriately decorat.
the yoragatera did Justice to the Rood ed, and at midnight tha joyoua crowd
thing* provided. After the tea came
the dhdfWoton or presents, candles
and omnfae, trary child pt*i«»t re-
valv Ibe a iMt. At 5.30 tha children on*
Me* • t*H*» ahaw which waa alao
provide* lar (ham frae of chaTgn. To
meet t*a aiaaase* laeurrad a picture
ahow waa ran la the evening under the
anspleea of the New Mlefael 8unday
nebnel We lire sorry to twit*, bew-
i-vcr, a doftclt of UM. Tbabks an
dae tba ladles who did so much to
make tha treat a auetasi In providing
prorlsjaaa, aaaiiting at tb* ball and
many oiler ways,
tnimtny afternoon the children of
tbe Methodist Church Sunday sobool
took tn tbotr treat, which comprised a
tea aad Cbrtattaaa tree and lantern
vIimm, entitled "l'p the Yang Ts*
Htier" (Cblaai. A nantber of ladles
busied tfcamtslves baking «ake* and
pl#» aad making aandwlchaa for tba
ws»k>s, aad Jadtfng trom the man-
n«-r m wbiea tike foodies disappear*
tbe cMMr-«» thOMWabl* appreciated
tbelr eHort* After tea ptttm ware
rfl.trlbuted from the tree. The indies
il«**i'»ft avary recognition for their
pffnrta, wMle tlu* gentl«moa must not
aaw na^a^^t^iw^^m*
snt down to a dainty supper .prepared
by mine boat tftpencer and his capable
Htaff of assistants.
(excellent mimic was furnished by
the Frank (Alta.» Orchestra, for whom
comments of praise were heard on
every side, but tbe Hon of tbe evening
was tbe master of ceremoutes. Frank
Rowe, for the energetic efforts he bad
tll#plas<d in brinjsSsfi U»l* -J-wl ^tiei
event to such a successful conclusion.
A hearty vot-f of thank* was accorded to Uie several committees wbo had
so thoroughly performed their various
dntle*, aod et*o to the manager. Mr.
t'haa, Graham, for courtesies extended
In providing apeelal> transportation for
tbe orchestra and outside auesta.
William Htrlekland. belter known as
"Missouri lllll." who iwaaliy »r!«*l «o
buck a (Miircatrber, as s reminder, |*r-
haiM. of ii-rson" broncho busting dnmJ
|» otie aaaln on deck feeling on fit as
(Received too late for publication
laat weilk.)
I/>-A ;'«;!:'. met in the Opera House
o.- Sunday, Doc. 20, it. .Morgan, presl-
limit, in Uio duilr. The principal
business was the appointment of Bros.
Win. White nnd Wm. Cole ab auditors.
The dunce under the auspices of the
llellef Society tins been positioned
until Now Year's Rve.
Tlie local Order of Owls held a I
meeting on Sundny in tho Jiagles' Hall'
Tor lhe puriiose of nominating officers
for the ensuing term.
George Johnstone, aon of our local
secretary. m<t with a bad accident
Inst Saturday while driving ■!», Hums'
rig. The horse shied at something
and boiled, with the result that tbe
poll* broke, throwing George under
the rig, which passed ov-pr his leg
breaking If above th*' bn**, Ile wan
conveyed to the Miners' Hospital
where be was attended by l>r. Ross.
Tlie funeral of Van Daly, who died
| in
The concert held on Chrustmas eve
was n great success from all view,
points. Harry Drew succeeded In col.
leetiug over one hundred dollars,
which was n record" considering the
industrial conditions here for the past
12 mouths. iThe committee after carefully investigating the requirements
of the 8.1 children und-pr H years. In
most cases advised Santa Claim to
send boots, sweaters and other use-
fut articles instead of toys. Mr. and
Mrs. Hurry Drew did most of the In.
veHtlKatliig. Mr, J, G. Prentice presided at the concert', and although the
talent wns all local, and mont of the
Juveiill|> artists were making their
debut, they'ncqnltleil themwh'i'S most
creditably, while Harry Drew, J Crawford. Irene Plckurd. Helen 'Malcolm,
C, Prior. (1. lloutlielllor, .1. Mcleod and
olliern («(called themselves.
The dinning n-ris k«pt up until .the
about 'Piccadilly?) have had the plea
sure of packing their water from a
spring 500 yards distant, owing to a
series of leakages In the water line,
'udging from the activities (?) of those
responsible, the likelihood is that tbe
said residents will have "a permanent
Job.   ,
The Christmas tree and concert
which was staged in the .Methodist
arena was Immensely enjoyed by the
children and grown-ups, judging from
the hilarity of those present. The
children performed their various stunts
creditably mul those responsible for
their tuition deserve every pralne.
K'hhIIiiumI frum I'mki* l*'«*Mirl
A few days later, on the invitation
of  the   Prime Minister,   the   Labor
members agreed to co-operate with the
Liberal and Tory parties In promoting
ja joint recruiting campaign, the pur-
snm' hours nnd enjoyed by almost the Usom {)f wh!(.j, was aj^ „a .\ir, An-
whoto adult imputation.     Alex. Thom. quil), afwr^rt. explained, to Justify
Bellevue Hotel
Bast Accommodation  In the Pass.—
Up-to-Oate — Every   Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
son hnd charge of the floor, whilst
Hilly McCulloch. of l.undhiwk, nbly
assisted .Mrs, Cameron. Jack -Crawford and other members of Uie orcheu-
tm with liis cornet, Mr. J. Xewhouse,
of tbe fleaver Hotel, sent hi* blessing
tn an eight gallon keg. This was
much appreclste-d and enjoyed by the
masculine aender, while Mrs. II. Prior
and Mrs, McLeod supplied n tasty
lunch which all enjoyed.
Miss Lee, school teacher, left We<J-
uumUj Uii iui .\n»oti. IM'., to upend
lhe Miners' Hospital after a linger
„.* Ulnes*. liHik plnce Tuesday after-
noon,  when a inw  following ^idf*^ »»«»«**^ with her frlaadf,
their last tribute ti> Ibe deiea»«d,        + + mm + + + + + + mmm
flllly Morgan met with a serious s<--j^, +
cldent on Tuesday night while making \+ HILLCfttST ♦
fur (tlNlrmore ou horseback, the horse L^ da
slipping snd falling nn top of Morgan, j^ + **#***^-*#* +
breaking bis leg. „._...
Santa aau* wa» a visitor at th* <*a-i    <Recelred too late for publication
tholic t'biirrti on Tuesday night and jl**' -week.*
em very aeneiw with hts gifts tni   Two Hlllcrest ladles t-aasaakH the
tbe young folks. camp last Oeek for subscription* »o
L..-—. ' f»rfi* Id* en  smb-aUnt*  motor  lo I*
A aood time was spent In the Insli ]»««« •• *h» l»w*«,,f w»r   w* a,M,*r"
lulliMi.it -t'hiirrh oh  Wednesday even
■ "■Innd Ihcv hn*- l*f*n ti-vry tn-w-wsufwt
The members ot the local lodae ofjinit wtai ibe usual rbrfsfmas t*rvit* \ Tfcow people wbo nre w«poa*tb»^ will
I o. ». V. are making t»*ten*ive pre mnn presented b» tlie >oaag peoiil*-{h***♦ **» llMnk Mr*- ^'H111' mA Mr*
mrniim* for the ball to lm given on »f tbe chart*, wbo accqnltted tkema»|.t<"r«kk«t»nb. A collection was i*k
Nc* Veir'* Kte. "      ves cwdUaMy with Hie different parts ;*« «»* "**»»H «" ♦»•* H*A < rm* **■
slloted in tbem.     Santa Cfnm dla-1 «*rty-
tiibwled afcoat 1«w bass ol candle* sad,
tr*,t*   -.1  tttt*  flnvi*  t\1 tttil   f.9.**i.i.
I    Tlw menrtiees of th* lH-rt«* MliMl»
I5»ab «a<r*» a demonstration   In   tb* \ ,       j_^_ un. .-4
rbri..«e. Kaeo The!"»f «?»t »fckiiets,ifactors Mils.and
Mrs. Ilobsrt left on Monday mora
:ifi'*  -toiitlilioo-ii-t tw treuww a(<fwatat-
anees In her bame l-awn -nf Sonksnc
the   war policy  of  thc government.
In response to a similar request, the
national executive of the Labor party
decided   to  place   the  electoral machinery of the party nt the disposal
of tht! Joint comniltipe for recruiting
tmrpoi-e*-.     There  was. however,    a
Ktrongl}  dissentient minority.   Hlncu
then Uie whole of the labor members
of Parliament, with the esce«itloii of
lour of the six I. L, P. membem, iMr.
Itiimsnv .Macrf-mi'iM.  Mr Ki'lr H-,ir-t!i»,
Mr, V, W. Jowett. and Mr, Tom ll*'n-
demon, have in « greater or less—
chiefly In a greater- -degree, Identified
themselves with the war polIe> or the
guvernmetit  and  the  no-4-alled  "non
liolltlcnl" recruiting campaign.
Tha I, L. P. Position
The I L, P. alone of ail the oiw
I wit Ion* affiliated to the Libor pariy
and to the Ilritlsh nectlim ut th«   in
ternatlonal hs» wUkstaod the onrush
of war |u»»loii that bai> on-r**.>i>i the
nniioii.     ll ba* tefused   i«   idenltf}
Itself and t-torlalist and lab«*r prlncl
,.;«* ttitUi '-«•• lnniKii |n»ik>  mat l«-<i
tbe  «oonti>   ti»l«»   '•'»*■   ■»*».   *Hb  i*n-
flotlf leal Ion of war   as   a   m-i-si-nt ««f
clvlllwilfon and r<'llgl*»ii. a lib th< *nf
iintropb-t-   Uwtl   hu*»   II'IUM   tbe   *ile«tio<"
riit-'e* iif Kunipe Into two coaleinJ-Jim
lorrent* of slaaghter.     The Xatlaoal
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house trom cellar to garret and at hat-'
torn prices,   Call, write, phone or wire.   AH orders given
prompt attention.
If yew art satisfied, tall othart.   If net satisfied, tall ua.
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
b-r local aiitilleutlfjiM, u» lliey rxnnot reaob th»
UWaM-d liurtluu «f the par. Then- I* only out*
way to «i'h> diifucw, anil tlul la by constitutional roinpilleK. lk>afiR'»s Ik cou-ieil l>y «n Influuicil
.-onillilun of tbe muc-'Uf Jluinx of Ibe KUBtacblmi
Tub.'. Wlipu tblH tube Ih lnflami'd you bare •
rtimbllui; raund or liuix-rfc-rt hearing, and when
It Ih entirely cloned lk-afncca U lhe ri-xult. and
onlc»» tbe infljuninatloi! can b» taken out and
tbla tube restored to lu uoimal i-oadltlon, bear-
Ins will Ih- destroyed forever: nine c»»e» out ot
ten -ire cauned by Catarrh, which Is nothing but
an Indamed condition of Ibe rancoua mirfaeea.
Wc will glre One Hundred Dollar* for any can
of Deufries* (eauwd*by catarrh) that cannot M
eured by Hall's Catarrh Cure Send tae circa-
lars, free. _
F, J. CIIEKKV & CO., Toledo. O.
Sold by Druggists,  ..'"
Take Ball't X'-salb PlUs for oouttpttloSi
imi tan wo aa
«TH« QumJIty Stor«"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery, Boota and Shoca
$$$ SAVED are $$$ EARNED
READ ami lit u« *>iix*' iiuin for you
L. A. MUla, Manafw
Oiwra lloaaa oa
Mra. & Jeoninga, Prop.
EiccWeiit Cwiiint - Amcricwi md
European Pint — Electric iif hi
Hoi It Cold Water-Sample Rooms
Phones- SpeciaJ Rates by the month
f --a-Miaa ffia laaai lalaa
■WNHmpmtte 9 t^^m ^^^0^^ w^m*^^
kttttttttt *Pta BMw
drill*.   nt*ti  n  hmttt*'  ermn*t11n-ti  fn*
ib* tfrfs and ftrr rt«ts of novlaa
pietotm The awlifwrt- fslly »ppr»-
clatad lb* different Items espeolalty
tht boxlna fa whlrh a faw of Um airia
sbowtd thar Imd «MN« knowtadia *t
tba resaly art
!*,:, i\*.e \ntm\'tnn ***mit*x*t\"tm m i-.ni
ham's Pout
i'SiminieU* ¥.**. I. .teemm won to* -^ j^toi heal iha a^ paaaaae*.
flt# p*a« «ti* tfc» aoar» ot lid, •Ma      --•»"--.      - *~zs ~r.  .
ft   Hst«* aad c   FalriM-M iW tn
weemt pdte mtk a srors af li".    L
Paforf won tli* t» pins *tUi a aror*
of Sit    T. ftoraa *««««d oitk Sta
, ..'...i.. y. .«■* *'■**<$ tmmt.ttiMt-.it alttt'l
)hfa<-d «i  autti-tf-i-et-tf   nbUli  }**»  b*.*-u
ac-n>pl«d xittmltf is«i»»ls»ms*lr bf th*
Mottrnm «mnm*4 nl MrtBMda. aaarf i1*^-*' *wl\Jm bK*»J'!wl f,"wu! bftaalws of tli* part, as a at*!«m»r.t
ansta.   ttmrmbrr ttmi.
Owrcome the weakness and nature
curat thc coM- that is the law of
reason. Carefully awm* rtrojor-d pills,
syrups or stimulant!.; Hxty arc <mty
propa ami bw.es ami whips.
Ithtb* vtiiT tr-.ttffr tn.il tv-i.iri'shmf'n?
•hk-h ewm* <»!rfrh^^^„ff. .trtngthen thc fut.-s   7 ,   _   '
t*>-k«nn   Man   |ja»!i       ...       ,      ,   ,        -**  I- I.. P- tr
^■Uuvtfi-riiwj-i-ntrtr>*'>ririnii-i' r ■ ■ ■"-' * * ■ ■ ■ ■-—■■■—-■■ ■■■ « ——««********«-
And "mark thi* mM—Skmt'% Bawl-
won gcwmlas -body beat as pratf-ciMM
igMau mimm nkhmn*. Get Scott's
at jam drw« «m* tnJojr. It ahray*
<ftren0b<«« t»d IwlldN hp
X Uu4.kv>   u**u-U   ■*#■» aU»*»<* ■*»■ ji-t-i:    tmnb9mm,tarMx..tn*u:i**.
t   .   ..i^*.,,!,-!.;.-*,.. * »•*■*..   t*9***t,,ltt9t*tA>  .t*.  **
vaaicra io think, liw »o«»d#*i tn no-
eiallai prfnetpie and ilmnm in no-
rtoltst tiston from m int»r»»tla»:il i
atandpomi ot *m of the mtntf-Mfot*
ium«d l»> thf a««'»a;i*s i»artl*-» *»f ih»
brlllaerwil -msmfriMi M » mb**-
HMUl  ut+vlliiti   tbt-  Sattomi  -t'lmar-tl
;»   f#t«i»t-il< 5"»tt   #§l-»«*fm-T-i-t'*•?«   »'*■#'•
from tttt' (i-'tii-ioii r»f t'-Jn- !#-',>«*•
membem of l"arli*»m-rat »i*»l tbr *t>-
tmh* <*f ih* i^bor Pent to tak* part |
• Itt (fM Uh»ra.t *ad T<w> imrtit* ',n
tht* "WHHSoNfirisi" **ss*wt»tBi tt* f*»«s|
tbo arotlmrs to Ja***** t*# *wa»     T%»*»
I decision tu nt.*- uo i»«ri In ib* rr rvtt
WJi««t, |»r itm ||». mnrk,,
Uoiitn IIim-nI Kl-mrr. \tn lh
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TartMii HrNiid'r«HimliM*K, jM'r '.I 11*. fin
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Hf*l I'iimn Nonr I'li-kliti. 1* «»r. I»«>ifI
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FIVK PKK t'ENTiliwtrtiiit l..rniM|,
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**   ,75
With aaarjr $10 00 cash ordaroa Sattrdajr wa giaa 1 lb of
t*t i*jH-»r frxi-r**
nf|l«  .Dfll.'l    I*.   -'■
jii%! ftitttt f«r Salimlay ami Mm-
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
Tho 8toro That 8AVK8 Vou Morrey
uL. *w««*aatfi*Hsi^jflM
^^TW****"^ -Vi' it-ii-VhJi.^MWMiilh
Page SIX
Coal Dust Explosions
By OB. J. Taffau-el, Llevin, France
1 am very much impressed by this
manifestation of international brotherhood; tbe mining engineers on both
sides ot tbe ocean have similar subjects to deal with, meet with the same
difficulties, expose themselves sometimes to similar dangers; they are
like companions in arms in the battle
fought by mankind hi order to subjugate tbe natural forces and to draw
profit therefrom. There is no other
field where this fraternity must mani:
est itself more actively than in the
studies pursued with a view to improving the safety of mines and to rendering impossible in the future these mining disasters, which every year claim
hundreds of victims. These are very
difficult problems, Uie solution cf
which requires numerous and labor-
thousand annually.
But the development of the mines,
the deepening of the workings, which
became wanner and drier, the increase
of the ventilation which dried up the
galleries, and many other causes, have
increased the dust danger. On March
10th, 1906, at the Courriere collieries,
which were absolutely free from firedamp, an explosion occurred which devastated the workings of one pit and
part of the workings of two neighboring and connected mines, and caused
tlie loss of 1,099 lives. 'This disaster,
the greatest that ever occurred in tlie
mines of the world, has demonstrated
in an indisputable manner the reality
of the coal-dust danger.
Thus was shown in France the Imperative necessity   of   studying this
danger and of investigating the means
of fighting it.    Contrary to what Impious experiments accompanied -by very I l)ene<i i„ the united States, it was not"
The extensions
been constructed
aixluoua .scientific investigations; lt
is extremely desirable that the various mining countries, which have undertaken to solve these difficult problems, ahould unite their efforts in order to succeed as soon as possible and
as well as possible.
I think It will be Interesting to you
to know what has been done in Prance
along tbls line.
It waa the Courriere disaster which
led in France, as well as In other
countries, to the undertaking of experiments oa -a large scale with a view to
investigating the danger of coal dusts.
We have had In France, prior to 1891,
numerous explosions in the mines; but
beginning from that time great progress has been made in the fight against fire-damp in all the mines where
fire-damp was found, even if In ex-
ceptlon-ally large quantities. To meet
tbls ead mine ventilation was consid-
erably improved by modifying, when
necessary, the method of working and
by substituting, for instance, the system of complete filling of the mine excavations tor that of partial filling or
none at all; use was made ot improved safety lamps, particularly of the
double-gauze ond bonneted 'Marsaut
type; the use of black powder for firing shots in the coal was forbidden;
the escape of fire-damp was observed
with greatest attention by making precise gas analyses every -week and
sometimes every day lu all the splits
of tha air current.     Thanks to these
the Government, but the 6oal Owners'
Mining Association bf France, that
took the initiative in making these investigations and experiments, establishing the station- of Lie vin, and furnishing all the necessary funds. However, this initiative had the full approval of the Government, and led to
my appointment as Director, having
formerly been a Government mining
engineer. -Further, an administrative
committee, the fire damp committee,
appointed by the Government, keeps in
touch with the experiments and ratifies tbe results.
The first experiments of the experimental station of Llevin were made in
15107 on a restricted scale; but showed
that the various kinds of coal dust had
finite different inflammabilities, the
most inflammable having the largest
proportion of volatile matter, and that
by mixing a sufficient amount of stone
dust with the coal dust. the latter
could be made non-inflammable.
From year to year the investigations
have been continued on an ever larser
scale. A.t present the testing gallery
is 1,000 feet long and has, at a distance qf 750 feet from the origin, a
side branch of 230 feet The gallery
is entirely on the surface; the first
90 feet has been made of reinforced
concrete In order to have a rectangular cross-section; the following portion
up to 600 feet from the origin is circular in cross-section, In order to of-
ter the best form for increasing pr6s-
part of the gallery,
to 1,000 feet have
ot special steel plates of %, % and 1
inch thickness.
A branch tube connects .the gallery
with the ventilator, which is used for
driving out the smoke after the explosion, and a trap-door protects the ventilator during the majority of the
tests; it has beeu found, In fact, that
even if the ventilation should have any
slight influence upon the initial phase
of the explosion,' It does not have any
Influence on the propagation.
The experimental station also has a
smaller steel gallery for the Investigation of explosives. The two galleries nxe so arranged as.to receive mixtures of fire-damp and air in explosive
proportions iu an explosive chamber,
or with a low content of fire-damp in
their entire length.
There are several 'laboratories, oue
ot which is specially devoted to the
study of explosives; in addition to various apparatus met with in the majority of laboratories   of   this   Wnd,
of the flame; thi^ passage, which takes place ,a little sooner-toward the
centre of the gallery than on the -wall,
where the recording is done, has as
its effect to reduce considerably tho,
velocity of the air and often during,
violent explosions to change their direction; the reason thereof is to be
found in the increase of volume of the
gases in consequence of the combustion; there is, on the one hand, a blast
in front of the flame, waves wlU<Jb
maintain and reinforce the pioneering
wave, and on the other hand, a recoil of the burned gases toward the
regions wh-etre the explosion was less
violent and tbe pressure was lower;
this reversion of the direction of the
movement of tbe gases during the passage of the flame is sometimes sufficiently strong to give great dynamic
effect in a direction opposite to the
direction of the explosion; this explains, the contradictions observed
sometimes, in tbe investigations In
consequence of mine accidents.
An artificial gallery, like the one at
Llevin, is easy to clean aud to prepare,
and allows of performing numerous
teats at any season; in certain series
of tests we have been able to make
one teat a day; the total number of
testa Jn the large gallery exceeds at
present 1,400. We have, therefore,
collected a large number of results.
We have investigated the laws of
development of the dust explosions,
which enabled me to establish in 1910
measurements, which bave already
been made obligatory by the regulation of 1895, not a single large explosion took place between 1891 and 1906,
and the proportion ot miners killed
remained very low, at about one per
suresT" rt"Tr5"iteerTuBeTrreet"ln~a\F
meter and % Inch thick. In one Instance an extremely violent dust explosion generated tn the last 30 feet
a pressure ot about 280 lbs. per square
Inch and caused the destruction of this
Llevin experimental station, which
gives a complete image of the flame
of the explosion for every one-thousandth part of a second.
The dust explosions produced in the
large gallery are investigated with the
help of numerous apparatus, chronographs, manometers, gas-sampling bottles,  etc.,  which  it  would  take  tbo
much time to describe here;  I shall
confine  myself to  explaining a  diagram obtained with one of these apparatus.    One of the curves, recorded
photographically, gives the variation
of the pressure as a function of time
at tho point where the apparatus was
located; the first point to be noted is
the arrival, at the nianometer, ot the
shock wave produced by the detonation of the explosive; the pressure is
maintained by the combustion of the
dusts and rises in proportion as :he
explosion approaches a maximum. The
passage of the flame is photographically recorded on the same film;  its
passage lasts but a fraction of a sec
ond.   Another curve gives the velocity
of the air; Immediately after the passage of the shock wave the air is set
In motion in the direction ot the explosion, running from the centre of combustion; tills Is the "pioneering" wave
ty amounts to from 50 to 100 fpet per
second under the conditions ot this
test, but It rises rapidly at the same
time as the pressure, and attains a
maximum at the moment ot passage
thero is an extremely rapid clnemato-1 the theory of explosions based on the
graph established last year by the; laws of combustion and of the dynamics of fluid. Numerous series of
tests bave been made with the dust-
less or watered zones, or with the pure
dust zones, or with zones containing
variable proportions of stone and coal
dust; these zones of from 300 to.600
feet in length prove to be incapable of
stopping a violent explosion. But
i succeeded in 1909 and 1910 in stopping explosions, even the most violent,
by means of arresting barriers where
large masses of water, or of stone dust
nre accumulated at the point where
.the combustion is to be stopped; these
masses are set in action by the pioneering wave. During the last 1%
years, In consequence of an explosion
that occurred in the Clarence mine in
Northern France, which seems to
have propagated Itself with exceptional slowness, -I have -been trying to improve the arresting barriers by in-
creasing the quantity of the accumulated extinguishing materials, by securing tbelr setting in action even by
weak pioneering waves, and by making
their discharge last sufficiently long
in the case when the flame arrives several seconds late. I arrived last
year at a solution which showed Itself
to be efficacious by means of a slow
discharging water trough or tank.
1908 and 1909 and more than 500 bests
made -more- recently, had as their object to investigate the relative capacity for proportions of stone dust and
deposited'in variable quantities in the
gallery, in the presence of various initial explosions, with or without watering, with or without the presence of
various fire-damp contents In the atmosphere of the gallery.
At the- same time the inflammability
of these dust' mixtures -was measured
by means of a laboratory apparatus
which was thus calibrated for the gallery tests.
I have thus arrived at an empirical
law which, with the help of the "in-
flammator," a laboratory inflammability- testing apparatus, gives tbe relative degree of various dust deposits,
according to tbe value of the -multiple
factors of the problem.
-But there is a factor whose Influence is difficult to determine by ipeans
of tests made in a single gallery; it is
the influence of the gallery itself, of
its sectional area, of the nature of its
walls, of the arrangement of tbe orifices, blind ends, ramifications; the
theory indicates that this Influence
mtiBt be considerable. It is therefore
essential to make comparative tests
In other galleries pud to check the results of tbe artificial gallery by meanB
of tests made iii a real mine; only
tests made in an experimental mine,
like the Bureau's experimental mine
at Iiruceton,*Pa., can be considered
as giving results that can. be Immediately applied to practice. In France
we were impressed by this question
about two years ago, and 'I was able
to profit last year by the abandonment
of a gallery in the Comnjentry mine,
where I made 16 tests which gave results tliat agree fairly -well with the
tentative results obtained at Ltevin.
They showed also how bends or turns
in the passageways favored tlie stopping of explosions. The tests were
stopped by the destruction of the gallery and by the Intrusion of water. In
three months I shall have at my disposal a new experimental field In the
workings of the Montvtcq mine, which
will soon be abandoned.
An ideal experimental mine, particularly because it is well equipped with
recording apparatus of all kinds and Is
perfectly adapted to the experimental
requirements, is the Bruceton mine,
whose tests the Bureau of 'Mines has
kindly permitted me to keep in touch
with. I have been extremely Interested in the study of the important results obtained so far; I have seen witb
the most cordial satisfaction the advances made by Mr. Rice. By means
of investigations parallel to those pur-
months on concentrated coal dust re.
ceptacles. which so far have given me
good results and will unodubtedly be
soon ready to be adopted ln practice.
Some hundred tests made between
&&£$    *y ''iT\
,«* i ,,'t
*m i^'"
Men of Powerful Personality
Recognize the Value of Health
F" ii not ttm what a nan twdltmt* but from what he iitutt,
dial Wood ii aade. Pint Wood mean* perfect health.
foperfect tTttwdon aad awmilation eauaai impure blood,
bodily wailoMM and nwntal awthy. UowiubU (ood k tt
freqwat watribtttary camt of fafifMtfan um! consequent
itomach and Waataa) tfiwrdera. Enwof cBrteanbeqakkly
lhe natural mmdy kt ptmtlht aad reUrriat all faactkwal disorder* of tin body's ffltap-tbe liter, ter
abi ing it to *parate from the Mood thoae aabontem mattan whkh art danfarooi to tht health.
nr*    ■■    f. t.t.
lutM* O    t Itm ******   mh*U»*>» .itt* *0***tit***i ■tXtHtiCa^H.li st dps &■*»« l'i -2. ?*rtj-y* *3mt*™p **" wm™f
long, and ii ia every raapect aa hannleaa as the jaicea ol tha Umt htm which St ■ oUiiaad.
For aateia alt tha principal towns and dim of Canada. Order a bottle TO-DAY ho« yow dealer.
Pttpertd ottt) h t
X C. ENO., Limited, TnA Salt* Worit% London, England
ed the method of stopping explosions,
Introduced new ideas and made arrangements which seem to be both
very practical aad very efficacious.
It is not sufficient merely to theorize
about the coal dust danger and the
means of overcoming it; it ls necessary to introduce in a practical way
what is suggested by the experiments.
Tbe majority ot the dusty mines !n
Prance have made great advances along this line In the course of tba last
years. Hie first precautions, which
have -been taken and which are the
most Important, are those whoso object it Is to suppress or prevent the
initial causes of inflammation; theso
are, In tbe first place, all the measures
which I have Indicated In the flrat part
of my remarks relative to he firedamp danger; also the extenalon. of
tha safety explosive* to the duty
mines, tbe suppression In these mines
of lamps with naked flames, tbe assignment of special employees to the
shot firing, tbe -recommendation of firing the shots preferably atter or be*
tween shifts. The moat important
point after that consists In rendering
the dust deposits as little inflammable
as possible over tbe entire length of
the haulage roadways and of tha principal arteries of the mine; tbla neutralisation of the dust la rarely doaa
through watering, almoet always
through removal ot tbo dust folWed
by stono or rack dustlna- Practice
has shown that, oa condition that
tight can ara used, tbe result of such
aa operation is to nutetain tbt i»w-
portlon of ssh above 10 or even above
'Jt per rent, for two, tbr** months, or
sometimes longer, tf the nlflaamabt!*
Ity tests wblch are made rsKularljr la
tba majority bt tba dos»r mines show
that the aaa content most be maintained above H per aaat. tha operation
mast ha renewed almoet even three
meatha; with laaa Infla-mmaMe *mh
and * laaa elevated Unit of Uta ash
content, tha operations ot aentnllu-
tion could be made at longer Intervals.
Finally, aa a third precaattoa, tha
mine sections era separated hy arrw
lag harriers, about S,tSS af theee -Aa*
x'xtt ara artnatly tastatted in the
Frrnch mines.
Such ls tbe organization afilnsr the
dast daaaer. which ia on the way ol
hclns pit lato practice wlwrs tlw miter* af the dast* er the preeenee at
fire damn rendered wane BMasaiwe
Mire m*mmttyt~-mix*Mo aaa An ***■
A Chicago man baa a machine ta
bnry mitten darts* tb* bnt- What
wa want ta a maetoine ust wttt awry
the jingoes before the war aterta.
Was it a spirit of sardonic humor ot
■failure to understand which moyed
John P. Rockefeller, Jr., to follow'-his
imperious rejection of President •.Wil.
son's true plan for the -Colorado mining situation with the anonu-ncement
that a commission of the -Rockefeller
E'oundatlon (an institution financed.$y
the Rockefeller millions), was to undertake an inquiry into general industrial
relations between workmen and employers? '.»-'"
Does Mr. Rockefeller really sense
the fact that roraething is very wrong
la the world, of labor, in Which justice
and real freedom are denied, workers,
or does he merely desire data to sustain tbe Standard Oil ideas of freedom and the economic theories be
voiced before "the House Committee on
Mines?  ,
Have the American people forgotten
that strange, sinister -witness, his dogmatism, his^absolute unyielding indifference to public sentiment, his cynical policies, bis terrible concentration
of purposes his assumption of -infallibility? This Is the man who proposes
to use his money to finance a worldwide quest for the truths of the causes
ot conflicts between "Labor and Capital." Note Uie abstract terms witb
which the effect of Isolating the problem from the human beings concerned.
Furthermore, remember the old adage: tile who pays the piper may call
the, tune.
. This "investigation" will be conducted by the Rockefeller Foundation, lt
will be remembered that this is the
foundation that vainly sought a federal
charter but was refused because Congress felt tbat Its influence would be
undemocratic ahd anti-social. "In
spirit and ln method the investigation
will be like that carried on by the
Rockefeller Institute tor 'Medical Research." That is to say, a new germ
or a new form of life l^s been noted.
Let there be an assemblage of the
savants and tbe scientists to observe
this new bug. Let them come armed
with microscopes, laboratory outfits,
to observe and study the reactions and
the habits of this new bug. Let tbe
phenomena be carefully noted, tabulated, compared, ln order to formulate
principles and rules and reduce to
scientific formulae. - Let the investigators be prepared to experiment Vivisection promotes the interest ot science—this new bug, the worker, may
be improved -by a few opeartlons, or
the removal of a few wants or aspirations. Let the investigators maintain the scientist's attitude of disinterested aloofness, and they may be able
to discover great possibilities for the
miners of Colorado, Of course, the
submit to" be "investigated," castigated or dissected.
If the efforts of this scientific In-
Suffered Terrfbly UntU She
St. Jbandb Matha, Jak. 27th., 1914.
"After/Suffering for * long time-,
witb Dyspepsia, I have been cored
by ,4Fnut-a-tives". - I. suffered so-
much that I would not ds«e eat for I
wss afraid of drying. Five years ago,
I received samples ef "Frtut-aJttipes".
I did not wish to try tbem for-a bad
little confidence in them but, seeing •
my husband's anxiety, * decided to do-
so and at once I felt relief. Then I
sent for three boxes and I kept improving until I was cored. WhHeelck, I
lost several pounds,'but' after'taking
"Frait-a-tives", I quickly, regained
what I hsd lost. Now I.est, steep and.
digest well—fa a word, I am completely-
cured, thanks to "Frnit-a-thwr.
"Fruit-a-tives" is the greatest
stomach tonic in the worM aad will
slwayscarelndieestion, SonrStonfticb,
'• Heartburn", Dyspepsia and other
Stomach Troubles. • ,
50c. s box, 6 for $2.50, trial ske, 39c.
At all dealers or sent on receipt of
price by Fruit-s-tivesLijnited, Ottawa,
New  Year
Fare and one-third for the
round trip
Between ail stations, Port
Arthur to Vancouver &
, branches
DEC. 30th to JAH. 1st, 1915
Final return limit Jan. 4th
For further particulars apply to
Nearest agent or
District Passenger Agent.
qulry could be turned upon the heart
and mind of John D. Rockefeller and
infuse Into them an understanding of
tbe Idea tbat if he and the other coal
operators would only get oft the backs
of the miners and loose tbelr strangle
bold from tbelr throats, the miners
would normally and rationally work
out their own welfare without outside
■assistance, dive tbe workers a
chance and they will establish justice
for themselves as Independent, capable men ahould. Let tbem be men,
uot dependents. Let them conduct
their own investlgatllona It they want
them.* .;"*.'
Mr. Rockefeller's Investigations oan
do nothing mom thut produce a Standard Oil -card Index system of the phenomena ot Industrial relations. The
foundation can not accept Standard
Oil money and leave out Rockefeller.
Rockefeller dominates all agencies anS
activities with which he ts associated.
This fact is ono of the reesons why
the association between the -Department of Agriculture and the Rockefei-
tar Foundation roused' nubile indlgna-
tlon.     Recognition of thl* principle
led the National Educational Association, to declare for cducatloa unhanl-
per-ed by subsidisation by private foundations or endowments. Within the
recent past hae come an additional
verification of Dr. Wm. H. Allen's explanation 9 his resignation from tlie\
New York tttty Bureau ot Municipal
Research, charging that the contributions from tbe Rockefeller Foundations were stifling the bureau -and substituting so-called "scientific" research
for municipal reusearch.
If Mr. Rockefeller would really do
labor and all the nation* favor, be
would follow a suggestion recently
made: "The one thing that the world
would gracefully accept from Mr,
Rockefeller now would be tho establishment of a groat endowmett of research and education to help other
people to see In time how they can
keep rrom being like him."
"O wad some power tbe glfUe tie us,
To fee ourselves as others see u«l"
—-American Kederotioulst.
-V *
-.• •'
> I bJoH
> n 'jr
♦ A
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\ 'Cyiti
'if    *     *9.
:. -t^C'y
m# These
7       Have [{
Ripened   \
on Hie Tree
While the women of Berope are ferret to harvest the ttoo the men rnimi.
tke tmm ere tarteatiair ttt hama
era? the woeaiitt rximt, Mit n*r>* *»f»f
ft With MMMM,,
tlw tvtitg ettaeee ef Kmbm, who
fan* bmm i*l«»le« ta MM tm tbo
m—.^j*   »%. mm ,    .^.-..*._, *»■*-.. —    1^^^lfc^JW   M*m jttb^^Jk^ttt^aim
01 tie ground that It pfWMhm vt«-
•d tad patk*4 bi^b^JuSSoT\ntf "SMkW*
Rmi ni houim^ eweet mm buttf, w ewa im mttmpm,
iwSJ^t!WS^!^S!^/mSSS£i^li "zSl
jwffl-wgply gj»yttm tbk ******* wrtHrtiliW ftwfc,
Wttfttt Hvlm wrreppen today,  Mwt 00 tlviMb '  j
Gtt tils BtantiM OranftA Spooa
. MVi It •••lnto<t** OTMge Of tMMW tRf WMt» I
» 44<wi»i4timtj** «■*■■»»«~« •>*.*»»*■«*, *-.*»**t«»*wrt«» )
|t**e,«*Witt*'■'v fw1wi1j-i-t>»-yfT>aTyea,-p»e»»I
,, tmt womta tmb mtn|
• •^^^f "^b^b^»^p *^^* w*t* ^a*m^^^^9*^n
inm. e*^diiM'MiiB«_>iM^,ki
-•S^Ht *jgstfaj^*m** nmom "^hhh hh
ju|Aj|u  jn^m^ngi iu^u «ii|u^^|^yg|isMtm^kOm^*\mit-^*khk9.
fftfiMWw, etnrn fi
I, aavra ftkr, ntet *mrii **tm***tn n -
rz*,.. -. ... m' ~z-.ss-. ^Sx^xZ**^-   **?y jfW!
'Jt 1 i x • •: s-va-s
Extends to all his
Friends and Patrons
The Compliments of
of The Season.
Hardware  and  Furniture
Thone 37
B. C.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
A. Macnell S. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Full, supply of following
for ah appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
try bur Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's breakfast.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 68        , Wood Street
■*. C. Laws
Alex. I, F*sher
Fernie, B. C.
df-Ht-l'ITTg —
We Are Ready to Scratch
sft you- bill any item of lumber aet
found Just as we represented. Tbere
is no hocus pocus in -
This Lumber Business
When you vaat spruce we do net
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in ■
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those wbo
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't ea-
A Discussion ofthe
of Drink
By Alexander Scott
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Qrocerlee, Boots and
Bboee, Genu' FurnlsbtaM
A praaaher says John D. Rockefeller
Is the mtteet man In the world, whereat old Jehs winks knowingly and
Arabs eao-tter coal mine.
-cbnnter~lf~tEeyhonght tbelr lumber
— Dealers in —
Lumber. Lath, Shingles, 8ash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot. P.O. Box 2%
Phone 23.
iThat overindulgence in alcoholic
liquors is Injurious to health and
morals goes without saying. No one
but a fool or a knave would attempt
to -deniy it. But that overindulgence
in alcohol Is responsible for tbe problems of poverty, unemployment, vice,
crime and insanity is untrue, and it is
safe and logical to assume tbat -many
of those most active iu the "cause"
of prohibition know it.
.Medical authorities are agreed -that
alcohol in small doses is a valuable
stimulant and a food, and in large
amounts acts as a depressant and a
poison. "In moderation, wine, beer,
and spirits may be taken throughout
a long life without impairing the {.'en-
eral health."—'^Practice of Medicine."
by William Osier, M.D., F.R.S., (Ap-
"The. habitual use of moderate
amounts of alcohol does not directly
and of necessity do harm, . . . For
certain wasting diseases It is "combined with milk or eggs, the most
pei feet food known for digestion."-—
"Theapeutics: Its Principle and Practice," by H. C. Wood,x M.D., LL.T).
(Lippincott). But the habit of frequent stimulation crten grows into
drunkenness. This depends, however,
upon the state of the individual's
nervous system and environment.
Persons whose nervous systems are
low are.more likely to crave alcoholic
stimulation.ith.aii healthy persons. And
tho condition of nerves, digestion and
general bodily health may be due to a
hundred and one different causes, but
the chief causes of that state of health
which demands artificial stimulation
are worry, malnutrition, overwork,
impure and insufficient air in home
and workshop and uncongenial environ ment.
Drunkenness in itself is not tha.
cause of any social problem, but is
the result of economic ills—economic
mismanagement. Tbat there- should
be a constant desire for alcoholic
stimulant by a vast number of our people reflects very unfavorably upon our
mode ot social life. For a healthy
and happy people will not feel the
need of artificial stimulation. Although occasionally one might get de-
ll.lmmlply   rti-nnk.   jiiRt   nn  TT^I-a {gllna'1 i-To^-ifj^oT  *.,
red cow gets drunk when she finds
Bar supplied with  the  bent Wines
Liquors and Ciftttr*
sober as because the others are not
•Submitting, but not admitting, that
intennpenui.ee is responsible for poverty and vice and crime, is it true
that the closing of the saloon makes
for temiperance An 'investigation
will prove that it does not; that, in
fact, "prohibition" increases the consumption of spirituous (and poisoned
sumption of spirituous tand poisoned
and watered) liquors, and decreases
the consumption of pure beer and
light wines. Any travelling man will
tell you that the easiest thing procurable in a "dry" town is whisky.
Unless you wear an Anti-Baloon
League badge you will .be almost in-
variably approached by the bellboy
of your hotel and cautiously asked if
you want a drink.   And such  drink!
Prohibition gives rise to seml-seeret
whiskey drinking and nothing is mo(re
conducive to drunkenness, or rather
alcohol poisoning than this. .Mayor
Tyler of -Xew Castle, Pa„ will testify
to the fact that, the closing of the
saloons iu -his city greatly in-
creased drunkenness and petty
crime. Mayor Coughlin of Fall River,
Mass., 'Mayor Ashley, of New Bedford, .Mass., -Mayor Thompson of Chattanooga Ten-n./iMayor House of Nashville, iTenn., Governor Pothier, Rhode
Island, Governor Davidson of Wisconsin, -Governor Patterson of Tennes-
see and a host of others have already
testified to the complete failure of
But, after all, no one knows better
than the distiller himself and the
"patent medicine" vendor just what
the result of prohibition and strict and
heavy licensing is.
The prohibitionist is glib concerning
the increase In prohibition or "dry"
territory, but is strangely silent regarding Its effect. Why If we sus-
pec: the prohibitionist, of being the
sei vant of the distiller, it is not to be
wondered at, surely, when we consid-
er that—
The consumption of alcoholic liquors of all sorts has increased 90 per
ceivt per capita In twenty years.
The amount of whisky produced for
the year. 1898 was only about 80,00').-
000 gallons, while for the year ended
June   30,   1012,   there   was   produced
are intemperate. And the assertion
that alcohol is filling our insane asylums is without foundation. The effect of alcohol on insanity cannot be
Let the honest social reformer give
over this nonsensical preaching about
"druukneness and poverty," "the saloon and the pawnshop." Let him- not
be used as a "cat's paw" for unscrupulous mercenaries, who find the open
saloon and the brewery a stumbling
block to their own ghoulishness.
If the saloon Is an evil, let us not
replace It with an infinitely greater
evil—the "speak easy" and the opium
den. Uf the saloon is now the social
center of our workmen, our husbands,
lathers, sweethearts and brothers,
then let us see to it that a better,
cleaii-er, more elevating social center
is provided. Let us give the people
healthy, human lives, sufficient leisure and amusement, and pure meat
and drink, and drunkenness will soon
Since .the nubile lias an appetite for
liquor, since that appetite is not destroyed but only increased or perverted by the closing of the saloon, why
not try the opposite of prohibition?
It has worked well in many European
countries. There is less drunkenness
in those countries where prohibition
and Sunday closing Is unknown, such
as Italy, Austria, Germany, and most
drlunkenness in prohibitory countries,
such as Scotland, Norway, and the
Scandinavian territory.
Let the government remove tlie tax
on liquor, and do,away with the saloon license. Taxation never kept any
one from drinking. It simply encourages adulteration and makes the tavern keeper a power in politics.
Let the government establish a
standard of purity and see that it is
lived up to. The adulteration of liquor End not the actual quantity consumed is what does ntost'harm.
Any one desiring a glass of  pure
serted, it will jam against one of them.
(4) There is a practice prevailing
among miners to force tbe powder,
thereby causing the premature explosion of tbe charge.
,(5) It frequently happens that in
his hurry a miner may neglect to put
the first stick of powder to the back
of tlie hole.' -He then puts in the primer and forces it on to the powder,
driving the charge back a couple uf
inches or more, This is a common
practice among miners and a large
percentage of accidents may be attributed to this cause.
It illustrates a device that should
prove a great benefit to miners in both
quart/, and coal. It will enable one to
place his powder to the back of the
hole without its coining into contact
with the sides.
The charger consists pf a light copper tuble or thimble with a rod or handle of %-in. round copper riveted to
the side of the tube. The thimble is
made half an inch larger in dlame-er
than the cartridge and half an inch
less thau the diameter ct" the hole. A
slot is made in the tube to accommodate the fuse. The charger is open at
■both ends, thus enabling the tamping
bar to bc inserted next the powder and
preventing undue, pressure. -Both
charge and tamping bar are inserted
Into the hole at the same time.
Arter the charge has been delivered
to the back of the hole, the charger is
withdrawn over ibe. tamper, and the
powder is pressed into a soiid mass in
the hnck of the hole. Some miners
make a practice of splitting the paper
cartridge and compressing the powder
to the full diameter of the hole. This
can be done more safely with the
charger, us the split cartridge does not
come in contact with the hole :it a uy
point, thus eliminating those onuses
for premature discharge previously referred to.
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B, MciWeJohn.
meets first and third
Thursdays In month, at 8 p.
in., in K. P. Hall.
The now Workmen's Compensation
Act. passed at the last session of the
Ontario Government, comes into effect on aJuuary 1st, 1915. Those
who have given the matter serious
consUleraiion have not reasonable
grounds to find fault with this advanced legislation.
, ,  ,,        ,_        ,,       It has taken a long time for the pro-
light wine or beer with his or her mid- vln(1„  ,0  „,„,.„  1)roper  provls,on   fof
day meal should be able to get "*t
without going to a saloon or a high-
priced restaurant. And the $10-a-
week clerk Ss as much entitled to it ns
the president of the company? And
It Is not one whit more Immoral for
Nellie, the stenographer, than it Is for
-—l-J.*^. «.tli^J-.=t-.-._**.
After spetdltnc fan mlltlton rtolMrs
of the people's money and nineteen
lives th* traeldent pretty nearly not
the fiat Minted to Vera Cms.
OU put! politic* la a stunmte of
the oattiieNi to net lh office at much
is poaa^bte and for the insldes to let
oat of efflee •• »«ch ii possible.
^BftW^. WWW© W   i^mm ■ *^^w ^^^w
Fsmis-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bofflid 8oodj i Spwliltj
List of Locals District 18
bm. not P.O. tmtwm
•n***mi"l* ' *•   «'*A«»»#.»-   fta-M-**!.***,   IM;
■nmnm tbm*t *f. ttimttmn, ttmaet Pr***, vte *tn*in*r.
nffltvte .....Janet fmtbn, tbm tt, tHtbttmo, Alta.
ntatpttofe.............. Wm. Attbm, tHttttmio, Jute.
■tim^mm.... •.»•,•..**.***. ....imttitOm-*wtmmn*bt &**&*
tiMMWtato. •  I, MtteneH, usi-mmmo, t-tnn, Atta.
■nsi-M-rw-i. vn*ttn*n Wnrram  i**********   **■»
Cuteeaaa.....\f......... J, JoltfMiaa,' Colea**. Alt*.
OeeMft.........,,,,.... It, -QtrMtt, Certta, ■MC.
Ctifteek Mines  P. Swaastea, Chinook Mlues, Comnmtm, All.
Ferule tfert. Uphill, Ferale. R C.
Prank  VCeve M-ertan, Itaaa, Alta,
HOlefMt .Ma** fltlgler. HUkrast, Alu.
Uttiftndft t* Moore, llli ttnm -*?*ewa» N. Mttbrttte
i0tEHonoeo UMiwnss.,, .rroxM ssmsim, -ueamm ana,
1*09*0 l*mt. ..    T ti. Itartlee, Faaaftarv, Alta.
'«**•***#».«• WW-MmpS   lMNI<nv»   jffNVHMv  m*  %**
..........T.O, IlatttoK, r-s-ttfosr*, AMa.
p%M^r , t * * * * > * 1 •*.*•**> ** *■ * m.   rWmMQwwtHff   fiWPFi- MJmm*
OsemHwa. C*MMfe..,H«s It-Mler. Georgeiaw*. dp-new... AH*
kJISl^AA SIIB^m. ,^—jm»        IS^a*. Wtt A^dlk*^ mSl.^t^mJbm1mmmmmmt -dttftdlk ■hu*UMkKMB      HflFiflttrtMSfe-ll
Mtaee • , .Harry jnntaie, 7fvraenj» m notmy motmi*
nm Item**. AMsteta.
herself in the middle of a juicy apple
orchard, or Just as bees will 'dope up'
when there are poppy plants around,
(if you dou't believe tbat beea will
eat opium, just ask \V, R .Ilaker,
Deputy Auditor or the State or Ohio,
ills bees do.) ^
But getting drunk on apples or pure
wine once in a blue moon Is quite a
different thing from chronic alcoholism or alcohol poisoning, And to say
that the saloon or the brewery or distillery is responsible for this Is Just
ns sensible and as true as saying that
grass grows long and shaggy on the
front lawn because there are no lawn
mowers to cut It, or that people like
music because there are phonographs.
The saloon does not create the demand for drink, The saloon is the
n-sult of that demand and the llqiioi
license. The sign over the door of, the
wiloon does not make the teetotaler
wish to get drunk any more thnn thp
Blittering cross on the church spire
will turn an atheist Into a religious
Perhaps the saloou encourages the
frequenter to linger longer than *.s
good for him. Perhaps tho saloon
environment Is more congenial to tho
workman thnn his home snd shop and
general surroundings, It makes us
sshamed to -think so. And It Is so
It Is Indeed a sad commentary upon
the kind of life onr present society
provides for It* workers.
What tben Bliall n* abolish tbt
sakMm b»t'»u«a it i* lw muenbli*
II.DH our worblita ciutt !omt>» and
our workshops, or shall me better ibe
homes and Improve working conditions Shall tto provide dullness, monotony, task work, poisoned food, the
yollow press, cheap burlesque vapid
music. Impure sir, doped patent medl
cine and tracts for the working mas*
es and expect them to be satisfied—
and sober
"Hut it ihe working <i«t* did not
Mi-wiid no iuikIi money on mm th«>
conld afford to live better," obj«ct»
the problblU-oclsS. "Thc mhom tt '.*
sponsible f«r the slum sad the p*w»
*U« tad the ite-er do well* and to*
mmv*.    II Is always the sober min
•i'i-1 grf* *xroi?ti*i1, Poverty -* not
Ibe r-xme ot rtmnkonness, bnf ilrma-
t'txm-t* in Ihe cause of poverty."
spirits—«n increase in sixteen years
of nbout 110 per cent.
The internal revenue receipts for
1012 shows >l46,716,20;r collected as
tnx on distilled spirits—an increase
qf $1,332,440 over the previous year.
■Tlie receipts for the first ten months
of the fiscal year ended July 1, 191.1,
uro even more startling, showiug au
increase over the corresponding period or 1!>12 or $7,208,1-3:1. which: as
$1.10 per gallon equals 6,552,848 gallons.
While prohibition and the consumption of distilled spirits have iiwreas-Hl
together at enormous rates, tbe ae.
tuai consumption of beer has tie-
creased or remained stationary,
There was a decrease In the consumption of-beer for 1012 of 1.106,42»
barrels from the previous year, but
rin liicrcast' of about ■2,000,000 barrels
for 1913,
In view of these figure* and considering thnt of our tola! population
of 9S.OIMI.00O. S9.O0O.OOO now live in
dry territory what other conclusion
can we arrive at than that prohibition does not prohibit but iiH-rpnset*
the cotimtmplion of alcohol
There can be no doubt that a great
many of tlu- rank and file of the temperance   movement   are   thoroughly     The i'nited States Commission on
honest and alncw-and Ignorant, but j Industrial lUintlonH at Its recent ses
workmen injured by industrial accidents and their dependents. Under
the old law the employer of labor had
many defences which enabled him to
roslBt, If desired, claims for compensation made by injured employees.
This was the fault of the laws on
less harm than coffee.
The abolition of prohibition and
adulteration is not a cure for drunkenness, but it comes a thousand times
nearer to temperance than all the
closed saloons and temperance tracts
in the world.
It will be a ead day for the distiller
of rotten whisky, the manufacturer
of doped medicine and the vendor nf
'doctored" gin when we get sense
enough to stop taxing them.
■Hut'how about the government Income of $218,000,000 from liquor
tu*ra? Simply build fewer battleships, hr tax the railways, or let the
government Itself run them at a profit
of no more than $218,000,000 a.year,
giving everybody a sent and cutting
the. rates at the same time, or, maybe,
the government could go into the
brewing ami distilling business, thus
getting Its $318,000,000 directly instead
of extorting a tax at the expense of
If tile government ls not efficient
enough to do this, and It cannot exist
without the whiskey tax, then Ood
help tis!—.V. V. Call.
the statute books relating to the liability of an employer for accidents
to hi* employees. Under the new
law, these defences are abolished. .The
fact of the Injury alone will entitle
an injured workman or his dependants to certain compensation provided
hy the act. The Ontario government,
therefore, has shown a progressiva
spirit in enacting a new law to take
the place of the obsolete one that has
been In operation in that province
Hhiec 188,"..
Meet at Alello'fi Hall second and third Mondays iu
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie,  Box  657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m..in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C. T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., I). J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madiaon.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7: :J0 p, m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator. F. HcNewnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
110 Howland Ave,
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
•s.l, meets in the K; P. Hail1
»■ -loud nml fourth Friday of
iaril ir.cn:b at 8 p. m.
, oi its, j. imooKs, w. w.
-.v. osut, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of -each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
It.- ORlOHiTON, W. <M.
J. SHILLING, Rec. Sec.
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
is mprrurr will Huroly df-i-troy the- kw ttt i>m«U
mi'J ciiui K'li-lj Ui-ruiin.- (i,t- wliuk- unteiu wben
«uieriiiK  It  Uirnuuli tlif uiueuu* Htrttcv*.    Snob
i.?tI<-U-K uliuiilil iivi-cr Ih- ii*'.*) i-icfpt uu tmmcrlr"
ll'ini from ri'i.utulile |*li>*ili-l»n«. u tbe dlfluci
tin')' will iln Ih ten f->l<l tu '.» vend you ran |hm-
olbly di-rlvi- fnwi tbim. Hall'* CatnrrU Cun>.
tnnnaf«i-liirnl liy I-', i, tlii-iny ft Co., TVilpdn, II.,
i-viiit»ln» i-i, nten-tiry, nml In Ukm Intt-rnuliy*,
acllni; <ltr«.-tl.v iim-u thi- l>l«<>d ni'i mueoim mr-
fai-ra i.f tin- i-.viM-ui, In buylnc Hall'" Cata-rU
I'litv !«■ sii-i' ymi itel tlio K.-miltif. It U tal en
l-it.TimUy «i-l nimli' In T<'1i-iI<i, Ohio, by t', 1.
I'briu-y it ('■>, Ti-atluiuiilaU !;,*<*.
KulJ lij PnUKl'K. I'rli*. 7.V. r'r IxMlo,
Tuku Hull'* Kuiully 1'1'N for cuaitlpation
Msaia thk THaoAT ano iuNa«. ae c-uir*
" * ' ;       —  ■■-.-—, ,-**-..    -. -    .
i-i     :.<•   ',ci«'i  ".'f   n-   ftt*""    '■-,'.}   lV'*f'
mr *m*aiH a* i*cp» .Tli<»y nr* »*»<-■-*»
tb* poorest ef onr Immiirraats. sal
do tht Mriest and most unskilled
kind of arorfe.
thnf the leaders and financier* of tbe
cause are anything but mercenary
politician* is hard to believe.
Patent medicine- manufacturnrs art*
and  should  be  etithiulastln  prohlltl-
Mn-llfvtu.   r,\(   t;|t(i   inn>0l*'t*w   of   tUf    JH>W*
oflice nud express compuules show tbe
*>sl-t< of patent medicines to b* arMt-
♦ st In prolilbltlon fftati>s. There's a
Snmai'l llopklno Adanif, In a s«ri»s!
of articles which Rppeared in Collier--* i
Weekly. In I0o:». Mialysed all of the
popular pin killer**, proving them to
Im- subtle poison*, lontainliiR in many
en*** n linger pi-ri-t-ntiiB*' of alcohol
than ment wM*kle*. he*)d-ra opium.
riM.ilil«, <o<|l«>iif, uilHiiiliil. fit'. M**i
b* l-!«»ftUfl«*<l tt f»»w ti-tiMKrancf lead-
#r» with lh«« ptitmt mwllHnr fsk^rs.
ih»»nj«-« iiixtiiliTH and patfiH mmlt-
tin-)* in»»ui(H*liif»T» iho- it»«%-r» nf
do^torn) safl drinki snd tandy sr*". or
cspw-t to bf, bciMfltwl by proHltiltimi,
That Uii>tM» Irtlitr o|Niib lonlrtlnMi- i«
tin* li-iiipuraiii-f moin-iiwwi I* w»l*l.
knoan, bnt m« rc-Misry motives si*
uwt *ui*t»«itii u* inrni u>
tion In Lead, 8. I)., discovered that
3,00« employe*, of tbe Homestead
Mining Compstiy are practically
slaves. The testimony whored thnt r.o
employe Ih pernilttwl to enjoy tbe
AA' „* mvniV'r.'W'.i; lu .1 UW w;*
uanlzntlon. ApplU'iint* for <-nu>)o.v-
m«>nt nmsi -nvtbuili it* n physical! e\-
amlnatlnn and must stall1 their polltl.
cnl nfflliiiiloiis. T)|iogni|»hl-r.il Jour-
tl'erhaps *<ontP of the alKive S.-OOOj
nilitlit be <|iilte patriotic If lh -Ir j
hum**-* i!i nnd tlwlr t'.l country wer»
llk«*iy to l»c Invaded by mme hated < ♦ i J
foit-laiier, or in Him iwnt of an at- f
tempt bi-ltig msde to f-ompiit thosi* inr-1
hiil«>nl M«xIt-turn to rt*n*e Ih-flr bar '
bsrlilt* would shoulder a Hfl« for Ihei
»»t»iiiicf«iiieiil nf clvlllsstion    Kd I       '
Guess Work.
Things may come out all right if you trust to
guest work, but there ti an uncertainty about it
and in many cases the results are distinctly un-
aatbiaa-ury. The household run on guesswork
it not managed as it should be. Knowledge full
snd suic is the only guide, and the housewife may
have that knowledge regarding prices, qualities,
the best time and the best piece to fill her house*
hold requirements, by keeping close tab on the
advertisements, There is news in the advertising columns that is just as interesting as the other
parts of the paper, and which will eliminate guess
f Jp'T5:(*ip.*?*lSJS'. i'SW***- ■w^^HBpwd-w-p* J™ ' I
w&tf  t,<     «***(
In a rotistdn-tatioji of tbt* «*a«iw* «f I
uiitlmn-ly ami dbuutrr-HM n-apltwtitMW mf'
duiaitiDe whilo loadlns bttt**.   If   V. *
morn v*o* j rrfwmsn in t'oal Ar*. im, a, mt, ma-i
•"''•       , j Mvl»trs    *we    IUituMiug   C4-4M!*    *»»■»(
Tlw  "rill ol mm" hen bt:*»  ten ,mey to* resiwnslkle: i j
*«««>% miant-tHwnti'ii^    Prettaver pat,** '    im,.   J%- bf,;*f* usiu;-   z-'A '.>#;*•   W-~,
»»» of Oxfonl msde «»xt««mifr* Invest!. 1 cleaned proiMsrly and a smail pU'c* of}
tallon nt lo the berfdltary effort oflioal rfmaialiia niaj   break  the ..-.it-
.v.» i *4,-,u»u*>.*»,u •*»« u.Kunitw %m*% il* M**,i|t.as«- men him* lot* imwtirr in mf-ofti*>
dlstribatfd alont Ibe hoi-      This 1st
prrste end etec«dtn«ly poor. | ite IS^ or no *tt*ei apon dteeas** witb
Onr own immiarsnt lews. *mpl«»e.l wbleb it h*« Imwii sxsoclate t      mm
In the clothing trades, are almost jil 1 tViltli!n>'» vijs.xfne. Ixindon  far ¥*b*
ot tbem total ahstslaer* and harilrasry, mis.t
workers, and tbelr t»v»rty    le   w«lij   fettnin I* i*. haw***r. that In ovfr-jder or hy tbt» frfctioa ol tb* tsmptna!
ktmww.     Tb*r**t* no'4mnli*mo*n» mitim**  tttrebol  l*  il**trwm*  f-> ."•f-'-h-'r '
j.Vew Vorfcs Kast »M». bat rotmbtiy | tertet, mrvte. liver and kldn«».   Ilotj    121   if th* powder I* not properly
liable to l*>, and often it, «>itpMi*d
eftb«r by frtrHn* i»th-»r etrtrl-fre* Ib»o|
the bole snd erlnd'ina tb«» *'r4> ikiw
b«rdl>' nnj iMm rim.
Wilt tbo problbfttoalsts tell «• tbat
if all tlw workf-iH w^n* total, e-festate-
ute alt *-oaM be vroaantut to tvm-
mam m mtaet*r*   Cwrtaialf tlw- msSer
tttsn is slwave tb* an* ta b* awiami*!
sill tio un mntb harm.
The »!alem*nt of the prohibitkmlaN
ttmi- m per tent oi ear prl-ton  io-
shum are tatHntetat* proves aotb-
law rot it if fif* if* aemt*** ttm.
trom ttt* eleMfWlat et ik*** p******
-,ir?;' I.    nt
Itut. It U not m mat'bi bm.*gxnm b* .»jv» »tf ct<i.t- ot tk* tmxir* poptth'itm
l)ilWtl)tf)l-iU* Ul, l,,*- *. It-** tii tbr Ito-.
*b**k nr* Htb!e «n he t>t;<tt»IH bv tb#
It'*ttttp ot ih* tnmpinn ml.
a»   Tb# tart* met b*v* tt^n borwdf
♦••li dill!** tb%*. nr* rmi fit ih* amif
9*^**e.. yttytff,   t&rt,*f*    p.**ffl*l9,     if.     t*t    I    *V*,J
so tft.it ei'-fu ib* powder t* tte-inn tn-
Great Northern Railway
W (i-ffefilipt fi»ti»'ii";i,!ly ultiMi-tivt.- I'liilinf triji fat'c* I'l'iiin
Femie to df»l itis I »•;<*» in Sew HniM*wi«k. Nova Hftttla.
Mlltari'l .Uul *m«*lHr. «|1mi  rtiltMlMt,   . I« .   IHMtOII,   M**.* ■
-«•>■»   ,H (i    i in iV,   ■uiul*-.   ti>i    ttumUttji   »*l. **t»u.
Tickets for steam sltip to all Suropesn points can be
teenred at depot     	
Diroc-t connection! nt Rexfofd for Eaet & W«tt
}fh will eejor til tke comfort of moet modem ratine!
Meat.   Courteoes and effi-fteat emptojes will auk* yonr trip
•efere sereliaetMf steamship
tickets, let us tela It ever.
for lurxhat inrwnmattea Sf-fty tw
«J. ft. COLK, Agent
tea SSI FEJtfflE. II.C Pba*** Itt
MAdttib^A|.-^hw Page EIGHT
T^K DISTRICT LEDOBB, FBROTE, .B.C., Jannaiy 2, 1916
r%* mtmrnKM
Shoe Dept.
Specials in Skates and Skating Boots for Saturday
Men's Professional Hockey lioots, made in black
French kip leather, sbrongly reinforced, steel toe-
cap and spring heel. Regular value $5.00 pair.
Saturday Special     $3.90 pair
Men's Black Hockey Boot, with ankle supports,
made of Hickory calf leather, very strong and durable.     Regular value, $3.75 pair
Saturday Special  $2.95 pair
Men's Tan ("alf Hockey Boots, with ankle sup.
port and lightning hitch.    A very serviceable and
dressy boot.     Regular value $4.00 pair.
Saturday Special  $3.20 pair
Men's Black Hockey Boots, with Skates attached,
shoes and skates of very good quality. Regular
value, $6.00 pair.    Saturday Special... .$4.75 pair
Lady's Skating Boots
.. Lady's Brown Calf Lightning Hitch Hockey
Boots. A very neat and serviceable boot. Regular value, $3.75.   Saturday Special.. $2.90 pair
Lady's Black Box Kip Hockey Boots, with kfiv
beel and ankle support. Regular value, $3.25 pair.
Saturday Special .... —.... ......:; $2.65 pair.
Lady's Black Hockey Boots, with ankle suppor|
and spring -heel; a very serviceable skating shoe.
Regular value$3.00.   Saturday Special..$2.45 pair
Regular $5.00 pair; Saturday..
Regular $3.75 pair; Saturday ..
Regular $2.50 pair; Saturday ..
Regular $2.00 pair; Saturday ..
Regular $1.50 pair; Saturday
Regular $1.00 pair; Saturday
Regular $0- '
Regular $0,
Regular $1.00 pair; Saturday
Regular $0.75 pair; Saturday
Regular $0.50 pair; Saturday
 $4.00 pair
 $3.00 pair
..... .$2.00 pair
.....,$1.60 pair
..... .$1,20 pair
......$0.75 pair
......$0.55 pair
...'.. .$0.40 pair
Men's Sox
Men's Heavy Wool Sox, in dark
grey only. This is our regular 50c.
Sox on sale ih our men's department
at 3 pair for  $1.00
Don't neglect this, it is a real money
saving opportunity.
Extra Holiday Bargains in
Men's Overcoats & Sweaters
Now is the time to buy an overcoat,
every overcoat in the store for men
or boys will be sold on Saturday and
Monday at a discount of 20 per cent.
'c33,n , Men's coats in heavy tweeds and
chinchillars with convertible storm
collars or shawl collar. Colors; Grey,
Brown, Navy, & Heather mixtures
Regular prices, $10, $12.50, $15, $16.50, $18.50
$20, $22.50, $25, and $27.50
Will be sold less 20
Boys' Tweed Ulsters made from heavy, dark
tweeds warmly lined and made with high
storm collars, also convertible collars, all sizes
in stock from 6 to 18 years, will be sold at a
discount of     20 percent
Men's Heavy Jum-bo Knit Sweaters with
highj collars. A sweater that is heavy enough
for any kind of outdoor sport or work; in the
following colors: Maroon, Havana, Khaki and
Green. All sixes, 36 to 42. A Sweater usually sold at $5.00. "We will clear up the line
at  $3.50
We want every boy and girl to
visit the Big Store and get their usual big bag of Karidies etc. at 11 a.m.
Friday, New Year s Day.
20 p. C, Off
Robin Hood Porridge Oats, 5's, 2 for     .51
Robin Hood Cream of Wheat, 3 pkg 25
Quaker Oats, 5 lbs     .25
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh groundn2 lbs 85
Lowney's Cocoa, l's 40
Roquefort Cheese, per lb 25
Gorgonzola Cheese, per lb 31
Lemburger, per 'block  '     ,2i
Okanagan Peaches, 3 ib. tins . •.     .25
Libby's Sliced Peaches, 2.1b. tin ...'   .20 .
Libby's Sliced Pineapple, large tin 25
Evaporated Peaches, 10 lb. box *,.. 1,25
Red Seal Jam, 5 lb. pails 5t
Kootenay Jam, Plum and Cherry 75
Kootenay Jam, Strawberry & Black Currant   .8*1 •
Bulk Mince Meat, per lb     .10
Dominion Haras, per lb 18
Dominion Bacon, per lb 29
Dill Pickles, per dozen     .20
Heinz Beans in Sauce,, 2 tins   —.   .35
Siam Rice, 4 lbs .'.,.; 25
Braid's Best Bulk Tea, 2 Jbs 90
Special Blend Bulk Tea. 3 lbs ,1.00
Tomatoes, 2 tins       25
Fresh Carrots, 12 lbs 25
Turnips, 16 lbs 25
Onions, 12 lbs 25
Military Scribblers, 3 for      .10
Military Exercise, 3 for 10
Big Red Scribblera, each 05
Lead Pencils, per dozen 10
. Big Rubber Eraser^ each 05
Hockey Toques, 25c.
Extra warm and strongly knitted; come in all
plain colors and also two color combinations. Rogular 35c. and 45c.    Special $5c.
Lady's Knitted Hook
These are sateen lined and come, in ft fancy knit,
two-color combination. Reg. $1.25.  Special—05c.
Cosy Night Socks
Made from an extra soft fleecy yarn; just the
thing for those zero nights.   Shades: Pink, sky and
white.    Regular 50c.     Special — 35c.
Flannelette Special
Extra soft pure finish; very suitable for ladies'
and children's underwear, night dresses, pyjamas,
etc.    Pink and pale blue only.    Pull 36 inch wide.
Regular 25c.    Special 2 yds. for 35c.
The Store of
Money Saving Prices
/\ A* Baasa-meeting W: the unemployed
ot Naaaiao and d-tetriet wm held tn
like Athletic dab, Nanaimo, See. Slot.
A large attendance of unemployed and
sympathisers were prosont 'By the
issue ot a circular letter, the mayor,
oity council, ministers ot tho city,
Salraitioa Army and the representatives of organised labor, were invited
to be present and participate In the
-proceedings- '
Sir, Jack Place. M-iP.P., was asked to
preside, and upon assuming the duties!
ot -chairmaa explained the clrcum-
atancee lead-lag up to the calling of
ibe meeting, Mr. Robert Foster, of
tbo 11. M. W. of A., and .Mr. Prank
Shepherd, -M.P,, made short speeches.
The latter eaprossod his surprise on
bearing of oondltlona being bo bad
•ad rather thaa weak at tbls juncture
preferred -to listen to the testimony of
those direotly affected. Uev. Dr. Mc-
Leltaa shw took the same etand.
Many o( the unemployed -present ex-
plaiaed bow tbey had applied for work
•ad failing to obtain It, they and their
fatoUlee were destitute.
Mr. duo. Pettlgrew then gave details of Information be bad received
from J. C. Wat-t-m, Preal-lent of the
Trades aud Labor Congress of Canada,
Mr. .Draper (secretary of tbn same)
aad also Kioeatlve Hoard Member Aid-
•rata Rlgg, of Winnipeg. An explanation bad been made to these officials ol tho Congress by tho Cabinet of tbo Dominion Oovernment to
tho effect tbat they w«*re prepared to
advance money to provincial governments, who In turn could advance
same to tba m-untclpalltiea to relieve
the unemployinent and distress con-
-sequent upon tbo war. A conference
ef the various premiers of the provtne-
es bad apparently liwn called and information had l«a*kt*el out Ihst Premier
Sifton, of Alberta, and Premier Me-
Hrl«i« of Hrltlsb ■f'olumbS-.i, hnd n<v>rni,>d
this offer, saying they »>r« In a position to attend to tlmlr own iiUKtuploy.
meat, A -statement had alao been
mado by -Hmmor Lmigft-eee at utigary
Ul * -*tHWUL-Jt» ui u.-t  .IttittU. i eu>. i i-
Moo of tabor, to tbr fU-eet that tbe
Dominica t*ot*mn,*nt 'teat* pwparrd
to loan this mow*)-, whlrh utatement,
iutld-pfitally. bon- out tin* ftutemrnt
ot the otiirtrt* o< to« ««na*iMii ir*u*»
and Labor Congnwa.
After hearin* this Information the
mating were ef tb* opinion that If
this was available we ought by sll
m*ea« to bave li la jostle* to the
• t-irvtng "womtn !tn*f ehllttren- of tb*
district. Conaoquently a depatatlon
•.vii ukciiid to itj.lt n;.on Prrofer M>
Hride consisting of Mr. f. Shepherd.
MP, Mr. J Ptitt*, MP, Rtv. Br Me-
!>»«», Hev. 9. tlnrty. !tbo CMy
r-mmcil mm represented ai tlw mean-
im aad it wa* agree! te aak th*
Coitveff t>1 trnrt fwn oft t*tm>nffon in
accompany the deputation to the Premier, same to have authority of municipality. . The Council appointed Aid-
onmea Yoiiog and Pwguson.'
-Olje of tie clergymen stated tbe
church 'bed' charge of funds of a relief nature and had committees work*
Ing on same. He requested that a
committee of the unemployed be appointed from this meeting to co-o-per-
ate with these varloua committees and
have the relief distributed from one
central fund. This was desirable
for <many reasons, This thing was
done. A standing executive was also
appointed to deal with various other
phases of the situation and to handle
tlie general situation. This oxocutlvo is comprised of the following:
Arthur Lelghton, Herbert Skinner, R.
Foster, Tom Armstrong, Rev. Turpln
and Wm, Watson. TMs concluded a
very auocesefvl meeting. The un-
employed of Nanaimo are now on an
organised basis.
Tbe following donations have been
•Mrajlbbertson—3 pair box, 1 pair
Mrs. R. W. Wood-1 pair wristlets.
Miss llrowo—»l pair wristlets.
A Friend—« patr so*.
Anonymous—42 pair sox.
•Mrs. Cllft—2 belts, 2 caps.
Mrs. Donaldson—) belts,
Mrs. T. -Brown—3 belts, 3 caps.
Miss Hogan—1 belt,
-Mrs. R. Wrlght-t «ap.
IMrs. Powell-t belt.
Mn. MdMlllan, mm McMillan and
Mhm Fairy McDougsll—1 pair sox, I
pairs wristleta.
Donations of wool-^rtrs. Harvey
Watm-n, Vancouver; Mrs. Clode, lies*
sener Ave,; Mlsa Andrews, Victoria.
11 is stated oa good authority thai
•wicks and flannel shirts are tn great
demand by the men on Salisbury Plain,
as the training In drilling, long march-
kk and tmich digging la almost as hard
on fio.'ltliiK ua In active service,
liable to summary treatment, and lri
somo cases they have been maltreated
or even shot.
>. Nothing apparently 'angers a <Pr.ua*.
siaa more than* to discover that a," captured enemy possesses; plctum; derogatory to the Kalaerdr hfa tnmUy, and
for that' reason It -were bettw not to
ridicule the Kaiser—certainly not at
the front, if only to save tbe lives of
the wounded from being Imperilled.
All who write to soldiers at the front,
therefore, should avoid sending postcards or pictures until such time as
the Allies are ablo to smash the
Kat'er'8 forces and their Insolent military codes. As the "All-Highest" it
a hit touchy, it In just aa well for the
preaent to avoid putting our wounded
to the risk of being shot.
What was -perhaps one of the tautest
games of hockey ever played- on Fernie
Ice wae witnessed on Monday evening
when Cranbrook and our local Intermediates came together, the game resulting In a victory for our boys by a
score of five to four, There was not
a very lanr* crowd present, which was
unfortuante, for the game was a rousor
rrom the drop of the puek, and the
fast play brought and kept the apeeta-
tors to their feet for thc whole of the
game, Despite tbe fact that the Crsn-
brok men were many pounds heavier
the rubber waa at tbelr end practically
all three periods. It la easily seen
thst our boys are comers and It aeema
too bad that they are not receiving the
soi>port they deserve. MoKay and
McN'ab starred for Cranbrook. To
Individualise -among tbe Fernie line-up
would be impossible. Tlie boys era
trying to arrange one mote game before leaving for Spokane and trust that
this time a larger crowd will turn out
to encourage tbem.
Lecturer Tells of Experiences During
. ;,'... Mine Strike Troubles    , "/,
.< iCompartsons bet^n cbnditiona^in
Mexico and Colorado'-w^re drawn laat
nigiht by Mra. .Mary Gaffe1 of Denver,
ono of the national lecturers of the socialist party, before tt packed house at
Spokane.. .'Mra. Geffs said that Mexico
is lesR barbarous than Colorado was
during the strike disorders' that culminated in the Ludlow battle. She
declared, however, that she was proud
of the women of Colorado, who, upon
bearing tbe tale of the battle, framed
a telegram to -President WH«os, asking for United States soldiers. She
ascribed the change from mllltla rule
and "gunmen rule" to the determined
activities of the women.
"The people need not expect different treatment so long as the capitalist
class is at tha business end ot the
musket, which Is the end that the
working class ought to be at," she
Mrs. Oeffs said that Villa and Wi
supporters are "teaching the Socialists
a thing or two, although they are not
Socialicts," by "taking over" Industries
In -the territory they control and setting factories going again and farmers
agaiu farming.—Spokesman Review,
(Continued item Van* Owe)
R. J. Maloncy, when brought before
Judge Thompson today (Wednesday)
elected for trial by Jury.
BKitieH Vf-uuftOfcv nttut
fur Hating Postcards RMietiliog the
Tlio latent form of Prussian 1-wm
itt*J*t<»M>   Ut   ,**  llttlMWMU *****  lUU,>.tt>.
extension to wounded prisoner* who
fall into tbelr hands. The Central
Sf*i» |«srns that tbe British anthori-
tlf>a, acting In conjunction with the
French military censorship, intend* to
Maretmm nenrllntt to lb* front trom
| friends at borne pletore poetearde ri-
| 't'niling nr f*nrl*xttir1eg tbe Kn1**r *>*
tho -Oermaa Crown Vrbvce.
It lia* been discovered tbat wbwe
aeeb productions bave beea feaad -on
prisoners er wounded soldier* tbat
tbey but*, a-M-orttag be tke qnwaa
mutton?   ****,   rent**** ih*tmmlr*e
In loving memory of our dear son,
William Worthington. aged t yeara,
alio died Do<H»mf»!r ISth, l*te.
Alao our dear son, Alec Worthington,
aged id years, who waa kIMed in the
mi .<"«        >      r* x a*- «* i *
£■**■& *'■* -.w »**»**,        «•-*        V   «*-Va *       Hi** *i,*l *.*-a        *<-*. - .       •+,**'■„
'    W't- otua yeune to think of you,
And think of bow ynn died;
To think we could not aay "Oood-by
R-tfote yon ctoned' yonr eyes.
* btnw   nav,,    ,^....-k   k*»«kv..   .»tu,»>.> i
ind Brother.
Rem! Jules Van Mechelen waa killed
on -December Slat. IWi, about twelve
o'clock noon In Xo. 1 East mine of the
Crow's Nest Peas Ooal Company at
Coal Creek, B/C,, by being buried by
a fall of coal, and the jury agreed that
-death waa accidental.
-The Jury was comprised ot the fol*
lowing: A. iM. Owen (foramen), Louis
Carosella, Joe. 8. Hamilton, Frank
Byre, Ohas. Hunnable, Donald McDonald.
Sunday, Jan. 3.-11 a.m., "Thinking
. I a.*-****-.*.    ,     ..*.,    -p.**-.*,       -M-w-fr*    9,    *tltl&    ,    t9'-»'r
p.m.. Prayer mwMJns.    Thursday, IM
p.m, Thoiwhtfol Workers.
>    On Wedneeday afternoon, from 3 to 5
there win be a mother's meeting In
......  . .,*  ,*     \ «—,.*   i.
',.,        *.-*.***.     .-,.     99*99. 9     ,***»*>l.|    9**
Tbe annual meting of tbe Ladles'
Guild of Christ Chun* will be held
at tbe home of Mrs, MoffaU oa Wed-
w#rtdav, .Inrtrmry *th. at %%0 pm.
ttmarnrm th* <r*hri*4iwii« I re* nnA tb*
overheated stove. This li tbo tennon
of danger aad Htm trom Inflammable
decorations omt tnm eaadle* en tie
tree.   IJee booontkm* nt -metallic, aa-
(BfteanMb*^ tlaatl and aalMtltate tlee-
ifte lltbt* tm (bn ffcrfetasts tapsve.
be held la tbe beaemeat. *rtng yoer
baby and enjoy a social hoar or two;
it wtll do yon seed.
Tbnrntinr, Ti**. ii. Pmyer, Praise
and Testimony meeting ft pj& 8m*
t»y, Inn t. rrmrnlmr pray** 1H1H; peh*
lie worship, 11 a.m.; subject, "Segia-
nlng Right" Sunday school and IliWe
claaa at ttt %m. SveaiaK eeniea,
-,M. mkm. "Leet We Fergat"
MMMtay, Jaa. 4, a Mg aigkt fer tke
vwwwf prof**
certificate*, but not before the applicant baa been a reoldent of the Domin*
many ■mtiki$i^
oeived their eertlfKat-eai w-mtiy after
residing but ti^ie'ryMn.ia^QMtl^
will have to wait unyi five years is up
before they will receive the new certificate entitling tbem to world-wide
British nationality.
Subject to Provision
-The repeal of the present aot ls also
subject to the provision that pereons
residing in Canada on Jan. 1 may apply
and obtain naturalisation under that
act. -There will, therefore, be two
methoda of naturalization during the
following three yean, tbe flrat requiring only three yeara of residence and
conferring naturalisation within the
Dominion, and the seoond requiring
five yeara ot residence and conferring
Brltlah nationality tor all intents and
The Conditions
The conditions and qualifications of
naturalisation under the new ect are
as follows;
(1) .Residence within bis majesty's dominions for a period of
not lesa than five years or service
under the crown for the aame
period within the last eight yeara
before the application.
(t) Residence la Canada for
not leae thaa one year Immediately preceding the application, aad
previous residence either la Cut*
ada or tn eome other part of his
majesty's dominions for a period
of four yearn within the last eight
years before the application.
(I) Hood chawcter.
(t) An adequate knowledge ot
the Kogltsh or French langoaisa.
(S) Aa Intention if a certifl*
eate of naturalisation la granted,
to reside In his majesty's dominions or to enter or continue in
the service of tha crown.
Must Feet Application
Notices of application for naturall-
xattoa must be petted by the applW
«.««*• tu tttt- IftnX Vlll*,** IttMlll** io Ut*
•H'.n'Ji^i'!,    iini    iU    Ihi-   i-Sthf   -L-l   Ihv
il-mk ot the -court until considered by
the conrt. It Is In the hsnde ef tbe
centt to decide whether or not the
applicant has an adequate knowledge
Ull .-ttfctfrtMMk *»t *'**,*l*,t*.        'ttt*. ^tt-Mfc-K *lM*|
haa it la hts power to require evidence
to prove that the applicant Is ef good
character and If necessary, can adjourn the hearing to secure the evidence of witnesses.
T)># fee tor naftmilliatlon will be
five dollars and for te-oeturall»t»on
tbr** fallen Tb*r* It tm tttrth** t*+
to be paid except fifty cents for tak
ing the oath of all-tfftaalM.
.The following cearta will deal with
aaotkatUMS for nalmaUsntieai
mt^^raw^ttww^mar^aa   w-am    e^*e*^^*ww**tw*^mnw*aw*^wa
Cewrte WMth Have AatherKy
fa rtetarle the rtmrt   nt  imerSI
sessions of the peace ot the county in
which the alien resides or the court
of assises and Nisi Prlus during its
sitting In auch county.,
,vla, fBri-tMh /ColtMBbli^.f tho   Su-
«K>- saaMa."»*£**aSi»'ik' >«4t*«iissi,*u.ji*«'« *
court of asiiiea during Its etttlhf to
such electoral district, or the eb'u&ty
court of auch electoral district.
In (Manitoba, the court of King's
Bench, during its titling in tbe judicial
district within which the alien resides,
a judge of the court of king's bench,
sitting in court in the Judicial dis-
trict within which tho alien resides,
the county court during its sittings in
the division within which the alien
In -Saskatchewan or Alberta, the
supremo court sitting In the judicial
district ia which the alien resides, or
the district court in auch district
-The Yukon territory, tbe territor
lai court, daring ita sittings in tbe circuit within which the alien resides.
(The -Northwest Territories, to auch
authorities or persons aa the governor-
in-councll may prescribe.
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
IK>R SALB—160 Aqree good i*nri,
3 nHles fr&i» town;
y.**.,. ■;.-_ . raw- , „ v-ir^TniT1*nir|
FOR firXl;K-(At Stltt) Brown P*m£
ranlan Dog; alao brown (female) adult and black puppies; would make
fine Christmas present. Apply, Hilton, Toy Dog Kennels, West Fernie.
P. O. Box 279.
Weet -Fernie.  Apply, A. Luke, flea 3ft'.
Making laidler* Out ef Them tha Poorest Use a Nation Sver Made of
ita Soys, Says, Or. Jordan
"l have just come tack from Burope,
where every nation hae wade a soldier
out of every men fit to -bear anna."
writes David Starr Jordan, Chancellor
of Stanford University, in the leading
*rt!f!e in tiie breaker Issue of Boys1
Life, the Roy Scents official magpxlnc
"And aow tke whole continent s-» impoverished aod starving while Im rlv
era run with blood of young men who
have been kilted by other young men,
who had no quarrel wltk -them at all.
"It's a soldier's business to fight and
kill or to etand ap against ether soldiers who are forced to fight end kill.
It ia a lioy Scout's business to help
nnd to stivo, to make this world a batter friaee for good men end womea
mmm imt a tm *it« im.     ii vueta |i«,wv
III}- A'l'i'J'J' uitu  u In,' in JJ.'JivJ in lui-i-k,
and thia amount must be paid le lit
yeara* work for eaeb eae of the formers and woffcffien who make op the
armies of TJnrope.    And we who are
fol that we were born in a republic
wkere ao ana fe nsed* a soldier er
ainst bis will
"Jost a word to" the Boy Senate of
America es to what (key ere Solas and
whv thev arw doin* It, fa if not that
we want to make soldiers of yon.
Tint la nheitf tb* jmoteat na* n nntUm
ever made of ita yoaag omo. Here
taait be soldiers, aometiaiea. even le
o«r greatest repabile, bnt tfcey are
■called to fight only wkea teaee eagkt
lo kaeer hotter have nude aem ewfef
New  Year
Fare and one-third for the
round trip
Between all stations, Port
Arthur to Vancouver 8c
DEC. 301kINW. tt, 1915
Final return UmittJan. 4th
Por further particulars apply to
Nearest agent or
District pesesofer ASeat
I.  srmtmm** ■*•** t* ntoe* uom
]iii>-iXi  lv ihi /(.'U.«»iJiJ* ilJii ttiluwt*,
A cpnaittee of ladies aa4 fMtleeiea
after eensldrrsWe labor eaeseaSed in
deeeratlng the kail very ertsetiveir.
The children, nnder thi able iMIanro
ta* jitat* ,*i*am**. .*»>**.**»*■*, amm**.,*
copcert ceaelstlas et er>g% reeiia-
Uooe and a short play. Tke affair was
well attended eld was pwaMat over kr
Local PmMent. 9. Praraoa, lie presents heeded out to tke ekUdrea tare
every satlafactloe, aad each tootoleoi
■veaNW ntaai) piwasps. . wwotm ur*
rbratrtt pmvM«( thi» mmlr tor a tne**
that took place afterwnede.
We are pleased te eee Mrs. M. Rovle
vm ef hospital agate.
Mr. J. Howard wae eevtenely ken
oa Sea-day whilst skating eo tke rink.
He 1*11 nut twafafwed letemal btbtrle*


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