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The District Ledger Nov 28, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 13, vol. vra.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 28,1914
ur
DOUBLE FATALITY AT
HILLCB^T MINES
Vi
*/
%
A double fatality occurred at thist-
mlne on Friday last when two "brothers'
lost their Uvea through the .breaMng of
rope on No. 2 Incline.
The two victims iwere' William
,;.1'w)nias and Pacific. Cimmetti, ahd It
is alleged -that they were riding up the
incline when the rope suddenly parted.
The cars rushed down the incline at
a terrific pace and piled up a mass of
debris at the foot. When, after some
strenuous exertions on the part of rescuers, the two bodies were recovered,
life was extinct, and it is thought that
botli men must have been killed instantly.
The accident occured about 6.30 and
the men, -who were rope-riders, were
discharging their duty in the regular
way when death overtook them. Both
bodies-were badly mangled.
William Thomas was an old-timer
in the Pass, of Welsh birth, and married. Pacific Cimmetti was not married.
On Saturday morning, at 10 a.m., the
coroner opened the inquiry, and after
viewing the -bodies the inquest was adjourned, uatil Thursday, Xov. 26th.
The body of William Thomas was
afterw&rde removed to his home, while
the body of Pacific Cimmetti remained
in the Union Hall until Sunday, iwhen
both funerals were held.
The funerals wero arranged for 3
p.m.,.and a large crowd gathered to
pay their laat respects to the deceased,
who. were both well-known In these
parts The service over the Jbody of
Wm. Thomas was conducted by the
Methodist Minister, while^the service
of the U. M. W, of A. was also read.
The  service over the  remains of
|;"""T^—Pa«inci,"cwiBjeui"w-as rtrlfcoinaucteT
*>
*„
•>
by the mineworkers, then the Italian
Society, and finally the service of the
Catholic Church, of which the latter
was a firm adherent.
THE    PHILHARMONIC   U' -30       TS
The efforts of the Local Relief
committee, I.Mr. Miller of the Isis Theatre, and the musicians and vocalists
who are giving their services, are
certainly worth every recognition
from the" people of Fernie. (The entertainments, apart from the deserved-
ness'of the object for which they are.
given, are well worth the few, cents
charge. Nothing but first-class instrumental and vocail numbers are given
and the committee are making every
effort to cater to the popular taste.
There is in this town a large proportion of people who appreciate good
music,' and who before they oame to
this, country were in the habit of patronizing tihe sacred concerts given in
many of the big towns of the old
country on Sunday afternoon and
evening. Now, while we are not so
presumptive as to claim that they will
hear tl^e celebrities that they have
heard for the humble "tanner" at
home, there is not the slightest doubt
that a visit to the Isis on Sunday nignt
will convince them that Fernie is not
altogether in the. backwoods so far as
musical talent and vocal ability are
he concerts have been
a revelation to many, and the resources of the management are by no
means exhausted. Your patronage is
required, however, if the concerts are
to prove successful.
(The committee feel especially grateful to Mr. Miller, wlio, not only gives
his house' free, but also assists in the
orchestra without any charge.
What The Officers
Are Doing
Internarional Bd. Member Reps h:is
been attending the International Board
meeting held at Philadelphia since the
14th inst. Evidently the matters
brought forward for their consideration were of a serious nature, iwhich
could not be disposed of at this session. The Board adjourned to meet
again at their headquarters at Indianapolis on the 28th. -Brother Rees will
consequently be away from tlie district
for some weeks.
Vice-President Wm. Graham left for
the Brazeau country to attend to
some special business pertaining to
Nordegg Local Union
Secretary-Treasurer Carter represented the District at the funeral of
the victims of the -mining accident at
'Hillcrest on Sunday, Nov. 22. He will
also attend the inquest on Thursday
to watch the case on behalf of the Union.
-President Phillips left for Coleman
Wednesday to attend to matters connected with the Coleman Local Union.
He will also attend a special meeting
of Gladstone Local Union on Sunday,
Nov. 2&th.,
TO  WHOM   IT  MAY CONCERN
me- Lauies~~Aiu_oi.—Knox-Presby-"
terian Church gave an amateur play
entitled "An Afternoon Tea by the
Ladles bf 1878" ln the basement of
the Church on Thursday evening.
SUBWAY FOR COX STREET
The shipment of vegetables .was
made by Arthur Lindley on behalf of
the Socialist Local of Creston, and consigned to me* for distribution to members of the Socialist Local of iFernie.
The U. M. W. of A. was not mentioned j °.ther towns are ott*a victimized by
THREATENED SCANDAL
What threatens to be a serious scandal has been disclosed by the military
authorities in this town andj may result iu a civil action. The particulars
are as follows:
Jchn iMatulak, a native of Galici?,
was held in the City Gaol here as a
prisoner of war for failing'to comply
with .military regulations to register
monthly. Matulak had been in jail
about two weeks, but upon the return of Colonel Mackay was released.
Shortly after his release a complaint
reached the Colonel's ears that the
sum of $50.00 had been collected by
a well-known resident of this city who
often acts in the capacity of interpreter for those of Slovak and Galician
birth. iAs a result of this complaint
Investigations were immediately instigated and It developed that there
was sufficient grounds to warrant tega! advice, which is being obtained in
Cranbrook. There is every probability that this case will be aired in
the courts.
It has already developed from tne
meagre preliminary inquiries made,
that this instance, wherein exorbitant
fees are alleged to have been collected -by the interpreter ln question
for services tendered, is by no means
an isolated one, and there Is another
case wherein a larger sum has been
paid.
While we do not. like to express an
opinion on this case until further evidence is in, we are convinced that the
foreign-speaking people in thlB   and
either in conversation or correspondence between A. Lindley and the undersigned.
J. W. BENNETT.
HILLCREST RELIEF FUND
Amount   previously
 l&AjraA	
acknow-
 tC'M.K-Jl.ftJ
.*.-.-¥-*,--. *,-,,pvurjuv n, VI
500.00
Trades and Lab. Congress of
Canada 	
West Canadian Typographical
Undone    108.75
Loyal Orange Lodge, Brenmer      2.00
i«
)
While we have never failed to criticize the City Council .when we
thought them deserved of aame, ue
also think there are occasions when
we can congratulate them upon certain improvements they hare secured
for this town. With regards to Improvements, the Council haa this year
paid special attention to the Annex,
and aa a result tho residents oi that
pari of the city now have u llght'.ng
system, sidewalks, cleaner streets,
aiid aeveral other Improvements. The
latest addition to benefit that end of
tho town -will lie the sub-way for pad-
cstrlana on Cox Street.
To secure tills lt was necessary tbat
Mr. Wm. Kamaay. the City Engineer,
appear before a sitting of the Railway
Commissioners in Calgary. William
appeared, and came back with the
goods on Thursday night.
The new subway wllfbe 8 feet wide
. and 7 feat i inches high, ami la estimated to coat about 18,000. Tbe O. N.
Railway must complete this work before January 1st, and the city will pay
half tho ooata, The railway company
aid noi dealro to start this work before next aprlng or summer, but Mr.
Ramsay pointed out to tho Cornmls-
aloneiw tho additional danger that
aroee whoa tho snow waa piled up on
each alio of tbt track, and tho au-
tborltlee decided that tho work be
dono at eem.
TMs ■atter has been dlscuaaed by
the various councils for the laat seven
yeara, Mt now! of them seemed able
to scrape np enough energy to no
after Uo matter thoroughly, and even
It menu lot be fair to bestow
m tbt coaa-ril alone, for
Mr. Rmmwf bas performed hit part la
prepartag plane ud appearing before
tbo oammlsslnnors. witb painstaking
tnor-ptfbnen tbat has chanroterttod
aft Uie wort be baa performed for tbla
city.
~,       li   ." -It'i,: .       *.     r*.,*
9f^tm*. it*        *tttf*t9,        .mm--.....*   - '    . *.'
VWri., Wt Unttif.v.' '.nfflri-n-K n* thttt
there are plenty of Idle men to be
eeea abort tbat eity*. -Tbe Corpora*
UM twt tome fifty toama working
oa tlw ffait for tbo bow bridge tbat
•fulfil   r**t\*»   **«**■   yifrf*   TM?***'*   "*    T*f*r***r*
WUMm
la wr tem ttty, tbo Eagtaeer states
tbat eetm eh mm ara oagagod la
tgbta* teeA oat of Coal Creok ta bo
aaad for tml miking mtt ttet,.
FERNIE ITEMS
those who pose as their friends and
advisers.
RETURN THANKS
Mrs. R. B. Goode, iMr. Goode, sr., and
Mr. and .Mrs. Cavanaugh, wish to extend their sincere thanks to the Cranbrook (Brotherhood of Railway Tra-liv
men»_nsembsra-Gf-4he-Broth©rhood*-of-
Trainmen and Enginemen residing in
Fernie, and the other friends who so
kindly aided and sympathized with
them in their late bereavement.
Tuesday night only,   "The   Million
Dollar. Mystery, Orpheiyn. |
The Hard Times' Ball
Tihe 'big Hard Times Ball which was
held on -Monday evening under the auspices of the fraternal cr lers of the city
was "pulled off" in great style on
Monday night. The.'s was a good
crowd, as one would naturally expect
having regard to the fact that the
dance had for its sponsors the fraternal orders of this district. Every individual present tried his best to appear as representative of the times as
possible. Suns collars, sans ties, sans
shave, in fact sans every semblance of
respectability and prosperity. In spite
however of the studied attempt to escape the fines, several young gentlemen (and even elderly gentlemen)
■found themselves mulcted in fines running from 10c to ?1.00 which was garnered 'by four very energetic young
ladies. It iwas amusing to see the
lady judges start "scaling" the male
dancers, and if any individual was indiscreet enough to appear with a white
collar and tie he was immediately
pounced upon, while hlfe captor started—"Ten, twenty,   thirty,   forty "
The victim here content himself with
handing over 50c. and remarking
"Keep the change!" One prominent
business man who appeared outrageously respectable, was met by one ot
the ^collectors" who got as far as
"Fifty" when the victim pulled out a
dollar a bill and was allowed to escape.
It was a jolly, good-tempered crowd,
and if you failed to enjoy yourself it
was 'because you had a severe grouch
on or wore in the incipient stages of
melancholia. i
The prizes for the best representa-
of "Tired Tlm" and "Weary Sue" went
to J. W. ;Puckey and Alice Wilde, who
certainly represented these characters
to perfection, both In costuming and
facil make-up, while the committee's
prize was most suitable and appropriate having regard to the character!-
FERNIE MAN TELLS HIS
EXPERIENCES IN TURKEY
SUCCESSFUL CANDIDATES
FOR THIRD CLAS8 PAPERS
Following is a list ot the candidates
who were successful in passing the
examination toy Third Class certificates of competency held in this Province
on October 2tst, 1914;
Thomas, John Benjamin, Edmonton,
Russell, John, 'Mltford.
Muir, James, Bankhead.
I'uckett, Owen Lovejoy, Lovett.
'McLeod, John A., Edmonton
Orahtim, Robert, Edmonton.
iMcLellan, Jno, Angus, Loveu.
Dllllngton, Edward Brick, Coleman.
Snarey, George, Bellevuo.
Thomson, Andrew Roger, Lovett.
Parker, Joseph, Drumheller.
Wesnedge, Wm„ Nordegg.
Loxton. John, Fernie, B.C.
-Sinclair, James, Drumheller.
Evans, Nathanlal, Passburg.
Jones, David, Taber.
Martin, Wm. Henry, Canmore.
Wardrop, Jamea, Canmore.
Campbell, John Hugh, Canmore.
■Hargreaves, George, Lethbridge.
Rees, Daniel, jDellevue.
Chaplow, Joseph, Lethbridge.
Hutton, Hugh, Bellevue.
Clark, Robert Cordon, Drumheller.
Appleton, John Thomas, Taber.
Marah, John Henry, Taber.
Byers, John Walter, Taber.
Marah, Ernest, Taber.
Oilday, Michael Edward, Drumheller,
Ruesell, Arthur, Standard.
Hynd, William, Klcan.
■nm iiWiWMiiiim ii -him <iiM mtmatimm
galurdsy night and Monday alfht
the "Last Days of Pompeii" will be
shown at ibo Orpheum. Tbla marvellous picture la from the novel of Lord
Bulwer Lytton. and la tbe teat photo
drama produced by the George Klelno
ttt1*nf1tt**nti
Os (Hot-lay last tbo O. N. Railway
mwKWmm w vpilll loVEr TwRVnir |NMPPNP
____^* Mmm.tetb _____ 'A9__tm kisaiu& aLaaw^^iii tflih^
WeW Ulnl wFm mmmm ■WomWn/m Wlffm -imtm*
bet aai tatfori.   Ia fata** *tWa'iw»
attached to tbo daHv met,
awa^^^m^^mtm*    w*^    warn w    a^^m^^jf      ™ ^**
Tbte aetloa baa beea doaa*
~j9t>* ^^^^£9^^,     1*^     *fc^     MmW*mm-9*m     ■*-•.     **■*■-—
wa wipawaim *y ns ounwaia as two
tt, tt• eettet to tbo aitrewely ttgbt paa*
1t raffle as tMa Wae lately.
FHdej alfbt aad latsriay aaUaae,
••al ** l! ef *Oer M*t«al our win
at tta
11. M. Hytidntan, one of England's
most noted Socialist scholars, has
been glvlag deep study to tbo economic aide of tbo European oonfltet
t?» toft-p-mi Hint sfv Twwrtr* time* nf
war #IU ita tba flalsh of eapiuiiam:
<wfll baakrapt every aatloa af Batwpe,
particularly England, aad .will aeaa
tbo beslaalag of tba social revolution.
Hyadana aaya: "Tba eatlro ladaetry
of Oreat Brlialn li at a ataadftOT. No
adequate effort U Wng made to jfeod
aai otherwise ears for tboeo AemAA.
wt as stafiead s ttgbUng mea. Tbo
tfbatt ftaaaclal system at tba Uattad
Kiatieta te rain**; Ike Baai of Bag-
land la basted, owlaf ta tba maay
I. a U.1 flat bare baas dsmpad on
tba psMte; poet etttm mosap orde/e
as* eoaatdered a saakeebUt lor eaeb;
tta Mat Offlco tavlaiaBnk la aotar
tarty bankrupt, mtt monthe moro of
It Mi tta whole latikste tabrH ef
wtll haw anmpted asiay
W. W. Tuttle, a former mayor of
this city, but now residing in Macleod,
visited the city tor a few days thl3
week, returning to the "windy city"
Thursday.
The regular monthly meeting of the
Ladles' Guild of ChrUt Church will be
held at tbe home of iMrs. Moffatt on
Wednesday, 2nd December, at 3.30
p.m. All members are particularly requested to be present for Uie election
of officers and special discussion.
There aro now olght prisoners of
war 'held ln custody in tbe Fernie
military district.     Tbla number has
accumulated  within  tbe last three
weeks,
The Ancient Order ot Foresters will
hold a dance jn tbe Victoria HaU on
New Years Eve. Tickets, $1.30; extra lady 50c.
Lt. Col, J. Mackay, Officer Commanding the 107th Regiment, with
headquarters here, haa ibeen appoint*
ed an honorary member of the Nelson
and District Veterans' Association.
Dr. Douglas Corsan, of this city, has
received bla apolntment aa surgeon of
tbo 107th regiment here with tho rank
of major,
The old* frame Catholic Church hat
beon leased by tbe military anthori-
-ties for the purpose of Instruction and
club rooms for A and B Companies of
tbo 107th Regiment hero, Arrange*
menu are rapidly coming to a Hone
In connection with tbo proposed armoury for thia city and the contract will
bo lot very abortly.
Died—At Jaffray Monday last, Michael Haw, aged aeventeen days. Fun-
oral wa* held from tho Roman Cutlu-
Uo Church hero on Thurtday.
A banqnet waa held on Friday oven-
lag 1n the baaqaet ball of tbo Fernie
Club la honor of Mr. J. 8. T. Alexander, chairman of tho Provincial Water
Commission, aow residing at Victoria,
Mit..    'ttmt*t     •*     19.49 *9       9^„«9^tt* *« #«£        , tmt.ttm*
fbx- rl!;; In Wr, official cnparM*      Mr
The funeral of the lato Roland B.
Coode, who died recently as the result
of Injuries reeclved while engaged In
switching cars in the local yards of
tho »M. F\ and M. Hallway, was held
Sunday afternoon from tbe Roman Catholic Church, Rev. Father -Mkhela
officiating. A very large number of
deceased friends paid their last tribute
by following the remains to Its final
resting place.
CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND
Following Is ii list ot contributions
to date:
Patriotic Dance, Fernie   $451.15
J. W. Turner, Spokane        1.00
Jas, J. Ramage, Spokane ....     10,00
T. T. Lane, Spokane      10.00
W. 0, Ramage, Spokane ....
J. W, Dobaon, Fernie 	
H. Wlllingham, Fernie 	
Wm. MillB, Fernie 	
M. A. Kastner. Fernie 	
D, J. Black, Fernie 	
II. F. iMcLean, Ferule 	
J. D. Quail, Fernlo	
Employees of Trites-Wood Co
Fernie	
J, R. McBwlng, Fernie ......
8. F, Wallace, Fernie	
Dr. 8, Bonnell, Fernie	
H, Qould, Fernie	
J. Maddlson. Fernie	
J, Randall, Fernlo 	
J. MoMasters, Fernie	
P. Barns A Co., Ltd,, Fernie
Mrs. 8. Jennings, Waldorf H,
Fernie  	
O, 0. Moffatt, Fernie	
J. Alello, Fernie	
Jack Pot, Fernie	
C. VoIIand, Fernie 	
W. Noll, Fcmle 	
W. Owlner, Fernlo 	
P. Wlttook, Fernie 	
J. Kgger. Fernie 	
3. Kempea, Fcmle	
M. Peterson, Fernlo	
C. Olson, Fernie	
II, Hoffman, Fernie 	
If. Warman, Fernie 	
V, flleeckner, Fernie 	
:,   .,i . w.,  .4.....,
V VtfiffmATi. I-Vrnlf-
Alexander ti ona of Fernie's pioneers! M. Petmnle, Fernie
and for a namber af yeara practised U- Wlttook, Fernie
law, while iattetty he held tta responsible position of Oovsrament Agent,
tm...       ,,.-l.|-**»,      ,..-,    .tit...      I.      ,....,   ......     .1
six month* ago to accopt Ito present
appointment. Tba goest af honor waa
preeeated witb a bandaome brace of
pipes by tto awartora ef tba «lab, as
a smaB token of tta high aateom In
wwlch ba ta held by Fernie's prominent cKhwaa.
P. liraaUn, Fernie ..,.,
w. A. Mentram, Fornle
T    tf    r'nltttttr,    t*t.*9~1r.
■it   t   * ■
iMlss A. Allan, Fernie ,
C. 11. Skinner. Fernie .
5.00
4.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
3.00
5.00
5,00
138.50
5,00
5.00
10.00
5.00
IS. 00
5.00
6.00
50.00
fi.00
5.00
5.00:
4.25
10.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.75
3.75
4.00
3.75
3,00
.1.00
fi.00
f. tttt
3,50
4.00
3,00
5.00
9     I.t,
3.00
10.00
A fine cake, -which 'was raffled at
10c. a chance was secured by Mr. A.
J. Carter. We hear that a plot was
afoot to secure this trophy by several
"hard-timers" but their evil designs
were frustrated and the lucky individual was able to rea/ch home safely
with bis prize.
The refreshments were In the hands
of the ladles of the Rebekah and True
Dlue Lodges, and they did their duty
nobly. It would bc Impossible to
compliment these ladles too highly
Let lt suffice to say that tbey main
tallied their reputation.
Among the others to whom the com
mltteo feel Indebted are: Carries' orchestra, Mr. A. B. Trites,,Mr. Huiinable
(of the Crow's .Vest Trading Co,),
.Messrs. Dobson and Wlllingham for
reducing the rent of the hall, and last
but not least, the young ladies wbo
so successfully "held-up" those India
creet enough to venture into the hall
too respectably attired. The latter
were MlsBes S. Clapp, L. Telfer, H.
lllggs aud l£vu Biggs,
The committee will have Homething
big to announce for early in the yoar
and It is their intention to conduct entertainments throughout the winter to
augment their funds and assist all
worthy cases that como under their
notice.
SHAW ROASTS ROTH ENGLAND
ANO THE KAISER
-Mr. James Iladdad went on a visit
to Turkey, his native land, und hu
left the laud that gave him birih some
two or three days before war broke
out. He escaped, aud be Intends to
stay "escaped." Such are his sentiments.
Mr. liuddad, -who niaiiiises Messrs.
Kcfoiiry Bros, business In Kernie, came
to this country some fourteen years
ngo, and has been u resident oi
Kernie for over six years. Although
born in Syria, under the Turkish flas,
Mr. Iladdad and his family were of
the Christian faith, and attended the
Greek Church. Uy the Ottoman Government they are not regarded with
anything approaching paternal affection, except when required to fight,
and then tlieir regard becomes not
only filial but embarrasing.. IMr. 11-id-
dad discovered this.
Leaving Fernie on March 7th of this
year, Mr. Haddad, stayed somo little
time In Montreal, England and France
to make purchases for his firm, and
then went on to Syria to see his people. He found things much as usual
and suffered no inconvenience until
the war broke out. Shortly after war
was declared he began to notice certain activity among the Turkish military authorities, and the first intimation of mobilization was a summon to
all able-bodied men between the ages
of 20 and 45 to register at the military
headquarters. Twelve days' grace was
given.
Mr. Haddad remarks, "Some went;
others< didn't." lie was among the
"didn'ts."
In spite of the assurances ot tits
friends, who had, no doubt, become ini-
m uned to such events during the last
"few years, that he had nothing to fear,
Mr, Haddad, thought he would try a
change of climate, and decided to :;o
to Mount Lebanon, The Turkish government reeognlzeB the iwleri?v
dence of this province and dnes
not commandeer men there, This
recognition lias- been in force since
1SG1, and Mr. Haddad figured that if
h*» could cross the border he would be
O. K.
At the railway depot a policeman
stopped him, and a heated altercation took place. Mr. Iladdad von out
nnd proceeded on his Journoy. "Possibly," remarks Mr. liuddad, ",i lil tin
hnnd-out might hare helped matters;
but they ,wero coming too regular."
Ho stayed at Mount Labanon for two
weeks and went to nelrut, where I.e
decided to see the Urltish Consul.
After listening to li**:rouble '.lie consul could do nothing for lilm; first because the consul did not know whnt
dny tlio Turks might not start slitting
their llirout*, und secondly because by
returning to his native country Mr.
llnddnd, according to Ottoman law, hu-
clinic a repatriated Ottoman utiliji'tt,
Tho consuls ailvlco was ' flct out and
get out soon."
So .lame* proceeded lo "gli."
The first business was lo get u pa**-
pnrt, and for tills purpose lie bunuwutl
the rin me of n litlunn In Mount labanon, and started to distributed five
dollars here nnd thore, This was one
of the most effectlvn means, be dlv
covered, to get by, Having uecurvd
bis passport tn- booked his pimmiue to
While on the boat at
LONDON—<Jeorge   Bernard    Shaw
lias an article in the New Statesman jtlenoa, Italy,
bearing   the   title,   "Common  *en»c | Alexandria h« cner heard an officer of
Uie Ktoptiuii itruiy remark that they
were looking for someone who had escaped from Syria with a false passport.
This was enough tor Mr. Haddad. and
when questioned by the officer he had
changed his name. Ho disembarked
at Naples* and from that port boarded
the St. Oeorglo for New York, at which
port he arrived safely some two weeks
ago.
Shaking of the Turkit.li min, ainl
Its equipment. Mr. Iladdad has some
amumlng snd path*!!* ta!*"1 to tell.
Alderman Wm, Robkhand. :iora
whom tbt abating Mak was rented
for the nam ef SM.M par month for
two months, bas returned HO of thia
n.moaat to Colonel Mackay to defray
et well, flatahed waft, and wallj/ mai- tee peneaally boaa pnt ta la orgmnl-
l«tle. give oi a call    Yoa caa see «Ja« tbo various military wu la K*»l
•ample* of oar wort la every home
aad pabite trtaco la Fernie and tb»
dSrtrtet tihai-fea wmtetete: wwb
tto best
All pereoM wbo hold agreement of
•ale matt mill at tba Olfy Offlco haters tbo end of tbo month aad alga a
«ada»UM that thar bold tb* last
•tfbttemt ttr sale aad bare paid tMa
—Fa taxae befbea tbelr aaaws can
rmfn taxae
l« plaetl tm
place! «a tba ▼otanf tbt
aad Went Koetf/aey. Tbt colonel
doollaod ibe ebetaa, bat satwat*!
tbnt tbe ameaat ba avaaiiv divided
among tb* tw» etmfnnien ot the local
realmeat.
Dr, Simmons, L.D.8.. D,OJ„ den-
ttot, ttutt of HaarilUM fiaiMlaf (a*
peolte Trttne-Weed Co.).  Vaaooaver
about the the war." '
Tbe playwright discusses tho position of Kurope which led to the war.
the positron of Kurope at present and
the position which the democrats
should strive to bring about.
While stating a powerful case for
war, ho begins the article character
latlcally by brushing aside the«ase for
war as stated hy everybody else.
Whilo attacking the Prussians, he con-
lends that tbey are not tbe only people of Kurope who aero gum* uf »ar-
like passions In the years Mvi.-dlnit
thu war.
When the Oerman fire-eater* drink
to "The Day." he says, "they were
drinking to the day of which the Itrft-
iah navy league fire eaten flrat said;)
',.'» «ai«imm w iwo.t.       **umieivt* *«*i
ir- V.tvi- lie ,ui'.*ri  iii..!,i.<TJu>*t.' iil'fjj ;,\>i"
Prussian wolf and the DrltUh lamb,
tbe Prussian iMachlavelll aad tbe Kor
llab evangelist.   We cannot shout fori
yeara that w# are hoys of the bull dog'
' i..    »      ,  ,, ,,   .
•IM     991.91     *■**■*■*-. ***t |.*W«.V Alt
gatellen.
"No, wbta Rurope and America
come to eattle a treaty that will end
tbla taaiaeea-tfor America in concerned la it aa much as wa are—they
will not deal with as ae lovable. In-
aoceat vicUam of a Ireacberous tyrant
aad aavate noldlm Tb»«y *B! bare
to eoaaider bos these xmv lmx>rrtgib
ly pagaaotoas and iavetorately aaoe-
MHi ^aaplt'e wbo have saaiied at one
aaetttr tor 40 years witb bristtlag hair
aad gftaaiag f»as» and wbo are
rallbNravar with tbelr teeth ta
another's tbroau. are fo be tamed laid
tfwety watcbdors of the pea«?# of the
world.
1 aai eorry to spoil tbo aaiatly
l«a«e wbkb halo tta British Jingo
jowraaUM ner* lust nee when lm looks
When the army started to mobolizo
there was a lack of uniforms, so each
soldier was identified by tying u picc»i
of ribbon around his arm with his number liiinteil thereon. After this he was
dispatched U, the milltar.\ mobilization
oint and drilled. If he hail any money
lu- must buy his own food; if he didn't,
he had the option of rustling it or going
-without. Afler providing him .with a
rifle (If there was one to spare) rhe
Ottoman go vera mem expected lilm to
be content until his uniform came
along, and then the "Tommy" had to
find $:i.G0 iii hard cash to pay for this
or be denied the privilege of wearing
one.
The Turkish government navo a delightfully simple method of securing
uniforms, according to Mr. Haddad.
First they visit a merchant and take
what they want in the shape of cloth.2
Then they call upon the journeymen
tifilors and inform them that they want
this cloth made into uniforms, and
when the uniforms are completed, they
cull upon the soldiers for $3.50. So
from a business point the government
doesn't stand to lose a great deal, except time in persuading the unfortunates to come through.
In his own town, of some 2,000 people, Mr. Haddad states the government
decided to raise 14,000 piastre, and
they did it. Again the niettiQtl was
"something like failing off a log" to
the collectors, Imt to the citizens was
a great hardship. In the first place
money is so scarce in Turkey that even
well-to-do farmers could not raise 54
piasters (about $2.00) and their goods
were held by the mayor of the town
until they could scrape the money up.
_iM£—JiaJ-diJi1—g»g  i'nmnAllpd_tn_*Bnn.'_
tribute some $3.50 to the army exchequer, and he assures us that he
never contributed anything more
grudgingly. He relates an Instance of
one poor old bachelor who was absent when the military collector called,
so they 'broke Into his shack and seized
half a barrel of flour, an old gun, a dagger, and nn empty barrel (!) These
were held until he wns able to come
through with his contribution. Another case, and that of a very poor -man
who was fattening a sheep, his sole
possession, for hts fa in Sly. He had no
money and no chance of ever having
uny, so the nhot'p was commandeered.
Eventually tho M plasters were collected, everyone chipping lu and helping,
lu one instance a valuable rug, that
had been handed down from father to
Kim, was Heized iu the house of a fairly
prosperous merchant. This man hail
n fine Iioiiho and store, but he had no
hard cash, so his rug wiih hypothecated
for the wpr tax. >
Mr. lituldad Iiiih a number of similar
titles to tell of the hurdship and pov-
url) uf lia iM-'-jplo; povm'ty *o extreme
ihat v.c in (lili-i country van have but.
I thu glUhtettt   idea,      Tin-  people are
! HtuniK-il and bewildered.    They nwttke
i in  the  morning not   knowing whtn'
| their next meul Mill come from, -ind
! uo:   knowing wIhiUum' they  will Imve
a roof over their heads at night.   The
uncertainly of the situation has resulted In tlie stagnation of all busings,
and rich and poor alike are suffering.
The only peopli* who teen to thrive
tire thi* p»»Uy offlHnln.   who   ovtrict
blackmail from all and nundry,   They
refuse to pt-rform the smallaat office
If not bribed, uiul the introduction of
a military regime hn« Intensified their
impudence and arroganco,
(Mr. Haddad states that the Chris-
tlans of Hyrla and other provinces have
stated lenitive!/ that tliey will not
fight for Turkey, and If taken to the
firing llii« will flr« wid«> snd des-ert
at the flntt opportunity. So far aa his
own. people are concerned, h« atalita
that tliey abhor und dread Mm Turk
and would willing nee ttutsln vktnrl-
mn.
BETTER PROSPECTS
IN NEAR FUTURE
Hitherto we have been very guaniK'
•d la puWUUin* any <-omm-«-n'» upon *
Mir proepwts of the fotnre, in splto of
the rumorn that have tx-en circulating.
Now, however, w# are In a ponitlon to
stato that we bave it on tho best authority that tbe largest customer of
tbt Crows Nest Pass Coal Company
wtlf shortly he taking tit* if nor out
•apply and a marked Improvement la
-.ouii.uuu.i j.ii: x tii* .v.ituSii. u, * fij
few daya.
fn paMlahfng th« «bov*r. we wish
to aay tbat we bar* every reason to
boliovo tbo noon* from .which oar information was obuiaed, aad do not
thfnk thn cllUi. r. •: of tHU towu wUl U
disappointed.
OLAfMITOHR tOCAt    VrWNl-r
A aprrlal meting of coal diggers will
be held in the Urand Theatre, Fernie,
Btuiday, Nov. 29th. at 7.15 p.m. sharp.
Huetaoas—To rwelv* nominations
for oheckwelghnwn. aad appoint neo-
lr*l MruHnti-rk mnl limp-t-cttnii cmo-
mttteea.
tttaiiwton* laical 1'iDKiii win met at
tbe same iptarei immediately after lba
tloam ot above t» appoint mitral scrutineers for International aad Dlslrtet
Officer** Wectlon, and discuss bftcb
Feet mallei*, ete.
'i. tiWiiM,.
ta tbe glow, bat tt maat be doaa if we
ara ta boaave resssaably ta tbo Imminent lay of reckoning."
Management CtemmlMee
Tbe Itaaagemeait Cewmltte* vlll
moet ta tbe Serrttary'a Offke an Baa-
day aoat, Nov, 2Mb, at IM abarp.
T, UPHILL, Sec.
t      *M \-
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 28, 1914
COKING PROCESS
COKING PROCESS
By T. B. Williams, Canmore, Alta
(From a paper on "Coking Processes
for Western Canada," presented at the
Banff 'Meeting, Rocky iMt. Branch,
Canadian iMlning Institute.)
..With Western Canada's giant resources iu coal, a very great future
may be expected for the coking industry in that part of the Dominion. The
present estimate of tba coal supply of
Alberta British Columbia, and Yukon
and Mackenzie Districts is 145,322,000,-
UOlK-ins,, of which about 83,204 000,000
tous is bituminous coal. As yet no
fairly accurate estimate of the proportion of the bituminous ooal that is fit
for -coking can be made, but the most
conservative figures allow sufficient
for all -the needs of the country for an
indefinite period. The necessary
mineral resources to provide a demand
for t-ok-e ar« available. The farm
lauds, which in time may be benefited
by a part of the by-products, are also
here.     We may expect the chemical
style of flue was arranged by means
of inverted cast iron troughs, with
holes at various intervals along their
lengths. In either case the heaps
were ignited by lighting wood at the
base of the chimneys, the fire gradually spreading in a direction opposite
to that of the air currents -in the passages until the whole was burning.
Great care had to be exercised in order
that the pile might be fired uniformly.
When burning well, fine coal dust was
thrown upon the surface of the heap,
then a layer of damp coke dust. This
practically excluded all air except that
entering by the regular flues. When
all signs of flame and smoke ceased
at the chimneys, all openings -were
closed, and the piles were allowed to
stand until coking was judged complete. Then small quantities of water
were Introduced at the chimneys. The
steam which resulted permeated the
whole mass, and served not only to
quench the fire, but also partially to
break up the coke. The circular heaps
were from fifteen to twenty -feet In
diameter, and the oblong piles were
and manul'aduring Industries lo follow I from twelve to eighteen feet wide, and
as fust as a urowlng population can', from thirty to fifty feet lon-g.     From
find use for iheir outputs.     So fast is J five-to eight days were consumed in
this population growing, that it .would
seem necessary at the present time to
begin to consider methods of manufacture of coke with the view of ibeing
prepared to supply a growing demand.
At present no by-products are saved
west of the Creat Lakes, and the out-
pni of coko by the more wasteful methods is rapidly increasing. The demand for coke is increasing; but while
rapid strides have been made in almost every other branch of   inetallur-!
coking a single heap. In the finished
product the cell structure was well
developed, and the yield ran as high as
59.6 of the coal burned. An effort
to improve upon the open heap method
resulted in open top rectangular ma-
sonary enclosures being tried. The
innovation showed little advantage
over the original method, and merely
paved the way for the enclosed oven,
which was invented- about 1770.
In 177:1 Home, and in 1782 the Earl
slcal industry, today in Canada there; of Dundonald, obtained patents for the
are 2,>'»:M ovens .which do not save by-' recovery of by-products obtained'While
products, as against 730 ovens which j coking coal in closed chambers. (Many
siivfb.v-proihiets. 'varieties of ovens, based upon these
Coke has been made from pit coal t two types, followed, usually without
for at least two hundred and * fifty | the* by-product attachment, and there
years,     llie date of the beginning of | seems little doubt that a development
this industry in England is rather uncertain, but it is believed that a start
was made as far back as 1735, at I
which date Darby is reported to have
successfully used coke in Coalbrook-
dale, in Shropshire. Between the
yoaru 173." and 1750 little progress appears to have been made. At the latter date, however, the use of coke became much eitended in blast-furnace
practice owing to the increasing scarcity and cost of wood suitable for the
manufacture of charcoal. Between
'WW-and-the present time tnere nave"
been very great changes brought about
in the method of manufacture, as well
as in the quality of the coke made.
The idea of saving by-products has
been introduced, and is coming more
and more into favor with coke manufacturers.
For » very long time. In fact until
about 1770, coke iwas made ln much
the same way as charcoal. Large
heaps of oblong or circular shape iwere
burned in the open air upon a yard prepared for the purpose, The ground
was first levelled off and covered with
coal dust, Upon this, fine coal was
piled to a depth of about eighteen Inches. Above this again, the flues leading from the periphery to centrally
located chimneys .were constructed.
TIip.v were usually formed by carefully
arranging large pieces of coal or refuse coke Sn such a manner as to admit tx free passage of air. Upon the
material so placed, pieces of wood
were laid. Thii coal waa piled upon
thin foundation with Its nlr passages,
to a height of nbout 3,fi ft»ot.    Another
of the Dundonald principle produced
the beehive oven, which has heid its
own even to the present time. Several improved ovens modelled after,
the original beehive pattern are now
in use. They all admit air directly
to the. charge. Further experiments
brought into favor the principle of
coking out of the presence of ,air and
the retort oven was produced.' Ovens
of this class have proved the most
satisfactory for the recovery of byproduct, and are slowly superseding
tlT-sT-beehive oven type.      ^^
Most of the coke at present in West
era Canada is used in the smelting t,if
copper ores, and for this purpose a
small content, of sulphur does not materially lessen Its value. For this
reastfn, the percentage of sulphur In
the conl or coke Is not usually determined In analysis. The great need is to
clean the coal as'much as possible of
its ash-formlng constituents, as aH
the ash of a coal Is inherited iby its
coke. One of the simplest means .if
cleaning coal, followed by the hand
picking process underground, and that
of the picking belt, is to put all the
smaller material, say that which will
pass through a one Inch mesh screen,
through n Bradford breaker or dry
washer. This machine, which somewhat resembles a trommel, has its
sides formed of screens wblch usually
have circular holes. IU nsls ls slightly inclined. The charge is fed la nt
the upper end. The rotation of ♦he
iiiacliinu <!uuaeg the good coal, which
usually Is softer than Its Impurities, to
breiik up und full through Into n bin
below. The slate, bone coal, and
pj rites, which contain most of the ash
and sulphur, resist the action of the
breaker, and pass down its entire length, and are discharged at its lower
end a* oversize, which is usually sold
to steam plants having mechanical
stokers. This is a cheap and rapid
method of cleaning coal. There are
cases, however, in which the sulphur
is too intimately mixed with the coal
to be eliminated in this way. If a
coke fairly free from sulphur is desired from such coal, some system of
washing must be adopted. Many coals
contain much vegetable sulphur iwhich
cannot be washed, but about forty per
cent of all the sulphur which remains
after washing is volatilized during the
coking process.
A coal washery is rather an expensive plant, not only from the standpoint of first cost, but also on account
of operating expenses and repairs.
The facilities for drying the coal require much handling machinery and
much storage room. This feature of
the plant should receive very careful
attention.
As stated, the beehive oven was developed In the early days of coking.
This oven has very much to commend
It to the manufacturer of coke. Its
comparatively low cost, from four
hundred to nine hundred dollars, depending upon the class of oven, the
local conditions, and the quality of
brick used, is greatly ln its favor. With
careful handling it may be made to
yield as high as 65 to 70 per cent, of
coke. The cost of repairs is also very
low, while the quality of the ojke
made has until recently been considered the standard for the market. Being hard, bright and porous, it not only,
supports the load of an iron blast furnace well, but owing to the bright,
silvery coating obtained from the deposition of the volatile hydro-carbons,
it Is also fairly impervious to the dissolving Influences of the gases of the
upper part of the blast furnace.
Of ovens of this type, that known
as the ■"Wharton"-* Is one of the best.
Some o-f the special points of merit cf
this oveii are:
1. A double floor, which,* by'■retaining a great deal of heat after the oven
is drawn, prevents "black ends" on the
bottom of the new charge.
'A 'A double arch ring, which greatly facilitates arch ring repairs.
3. "'A silica brick crown, which will
last about three times as long as a
crown of fire brick.
Owing to the ever increasing cost
of laibor, it. is advisable to charge the
device:
Alberta Federation of Labor
wrens bi sourer—nrecnaiucai
Steam and electric larrys are used,
but the electric larry has been found
the more satisfactory for this purpose
where electricity is available. Where
two rows of ovens have been banked
back to bank, the larry Is operated
upon a track running along the centre
of the battery throughout Us entire
length. A chute is attached to each
side of the larry, and any oven ln the
battery may be filled In a few moments by a single discharge. An average charge for a beehive oven twelve
feet In diameter If five short tons for
forty-eight hour coke. This charge
will be about twenty-three inches deep
on the floor of the oven, Seven short
tons Is the charge for seventy-two hour
coke, and this charge lies about 29
Inches thick on the floor. After charg.
Ing, the laborer iwho attends to tbls ns
well as three of four adjacent ovens,
then levels off the coul by means of a
long hoc tor the purpose, which he
operates through the upper portion of
tho door. He then bricks up the remaining opwlngs In the door, nnd
tightly liitett up all the rrevlcett .with
day.
The representatives of the Executive Committee of the Alberta Federation of Ldbor, who met the representatives of the Dominion and Provincial
Governments a-nd the various civic administrations in the City Hall, Calgary, November 6th last, are desirous
of bringing to the attention of their affiliated membership some of the important points and facts brought out
thereat which have a direct bearing
on the main subject of the meeting,
viz., the present grave condition of
unemployment and what measures of
relief are possible. This is all the
more necessary ^because of the tendency of the public press to belittle and
overlook the most salient features of
this meeting, and to convey the impression that nothing whatever has
'been accomplished.
In endeavoring to elicit consldera-
tion for this almost overwhelming
problem, the first great obstacle encountered was that of who was responsible and who should first 'move in the
matter: that is the civic heads threw
sill responsibility on to the Provincial
Government, and the latter were inclined to the view that the Dominion
Government sihould take the initiative
in dealing with this problem. The second obstacle wns that of the question
of finance, it being asserted that
though they fully appreciated and
sympathized with our efforts to have
something' done, that their finances
would not permit of it as they .were in
much the same position as private employers and capitalists and that the
war situation forced them to cut down
rather than to extend their activities
in employing labor.
Seeking to overcome these two main
obstacles to public action, we first
sought and obtained the consent of the
various governing bodies to meet us
In a sort of convention so that responsibility for action could be placed, ,if
not on one, then on perhaps all three
of these governing bodies. This we
were able to do. Then we were confronted with the second great obstacle
to our advance, viz., how could prospective public work be fin.i'iooc. In
the early sty«e-> tf tbe meeting the representatives of the various cities ancl
bf lhe proi'ir-.*-.- made out a fairly
strong case of inability to do muoh because of lack of monoy. At this s*.age
of the meeting the feeling of Federation representatives was strongly con-
jla-mnatnry   nt   the   nAmlnlnn—flayarj^.
ment which had sent to the meetiug. &
man representing merely the Department of Labor who was only, to report,
and who had no representative poiwers
to deal with the question as a Government representative. At thia stage
however, Senator Lougheed appeared
for the Dominion Government and
pointed out to the meeting that while
his Government did not propose to do
anything -themselves, they had not
beeu unmindful vof the situation anti
had passed a "financial war measure"
which placed tho means of raising
funds at the'disposal of civic and provincial governments so that they cou'ld
deal with the unemployed problem as
lt presented itself in the different
localities.
This effectually disposes of the argument that civic and provincial governments have no better means of
railslmg finances than private corpora
tions. The details of all this is con*
tained in a verbatim report of meeting
which will be furnished -from the office
of the secretary of the Federation at
Edmonton.
'Besides endorsing several more or
less concrete proposals for the opening up of public works, we were able
to secure endorsatlon of the representatives there gathered to the utilization o' the trades and labor unions for
the distribution of public funds to
members in straitened circumstances, and would recommend that where
necessary the unions themselves push
this idea strongly, as the Imperial
Government of Britain has already set
a precedent in this regard.       ■»
As a result of our conference, the
Oity Council of Calgary has appointed
a committee to deal with the unemployed situation, and the point brought
out al our meeting bearing on the raising of finances will undoubtedly have
an effect on the City Council's action.
Another matter of the first importance affecting unemployment in Alberta, for -.which we were able to secure consideration -was'that of the importation of foreign coals, it being
shown that tlie prairie provinces imported almost as much coal as was
produced here, and if the ventilation
of this fact secures tbls market for
the products of Alberta miners, this In
itself will have justifiied the holding
of this meetthg. A -statement of the
coal  importation  has been  prepared
From the best figures available in
1910, thjs company estimated that they
produced 63.2 (in -the opinion of
■the author, these figures are ! lower
than the actual result) per cent of
coke -from the coal charged into their
ovens..v The theoretical percentage
of coke, taking the above analysis ot
coking coal ar, a basis for calculation
56.42 plus 13.44 plus 60 per cent, of
the sulphur content plus deposited carbon forming the silvery coating moisture equals 78.86 per cent. It will be
noted, however, that only 63.2 percent,
of nhe charge is claimed by the company as having been manufactured
into coke. This would mean that 15.7
per cent of the charge had been burned or lost. This would include the
fixed carbon burned, and the oven
breezes or fines, which are not saleable.—Soience and Art of 'Mining.
THE  PURPOSE OF  SOCIALISM
By Carl D. Thompson
T9..I
•Victor L. Berger, the first and only
Socialist so far elected to the United
States Congress, outlined the Socialist programm for taking over the
trusts, defined .what trusts were within tbe meaning of the Socialist demands, and showed just how to get
them. TMs he embodied ln a bill
•which he introduced and which contained the following features:
The government, shall immediately
proceed to take over the ownership of
all trusts that control more than 40 per
cent of tihebuslness in their respective
lines.
IThe price to be paid for these Industries shall be fixed by a commission of fifteen experts, whose duty it
shall be to determine the actual cash
value of the physical properties.
Payment for the properties shall be
proffered in the form of United States
bonds, bearing 3 per cent interest, payable in fifty years, and a sinking fund
shall be established to retire the bonds
ut maturity.1
In the event of the refusal of any
trust owner or owners to sell to the
government his or their properties at
the price 'fixed by the commission of
experts, the president of the United
States is authorised to use such measures as may be necessary to gain and
hold possession of the properties.
A bureau of industries is hereby
created within the department of commerce and labor to-operate all -Indus-
A Talk to Mothers
Mothers, "do you know that overtime a member of your family sustains
a cut, scratch, burn, or bruise, no
matter how slight, you take, a grave
risk in neg|ecting the Injury? The
wound may start to fester, and develop
into a running sore, or -blood poison
may set in, resulting in the loss of a
limb, or even of life.
Do you know that whatever salve or
ointment you apply to the . wound
enters into the 'blood and affects the
entire system ? Therefore in using r.n
ointment containing coarse animal
fats or poisonous minerals you are taking a further risk.
Use ZawnBuk—it ls free from animal
fats and mineral poisons. It is purely
herbal, and Is soothing, healing, and
antiseptic. No germs can live where
ZannBuk has been applied. It will
quickly ease the pain and heal the
wound. Not only for the minor mishaps, but for the most serious accidents Zam-Buk Is best: for babies as
well ns adults.
Teach your children to apply 2am
Buk whenever they have a mishap, and
you will save them much ,paln and'
yourself a lot of worry and grief.
Keep Zam-Buk alwaya handy; unlike
other ointments it will not go rancid,
but will keep indefinitely.
ZaimBuk is best for piles, eczema,
cuts, burns, bruises, chapped hands,
cold sores, ulcers and oil injuries and
skin diseases; also as an embrocation
for rheumatism, sciatica, stiffened
muscles, etc.
At all druggists and stores, or postpaid from Zam-iBuk Co., Toronto, on
receipt of price, 50c, -box, 3 boxes -for
$1.25. For free trial box, send this
advertiament, name of paper, and lc.
stamp.
-
» «— * ■ I'l-T^ru io- "tJtS I w it —i
The following statistics on the production and importation of coala for
the district lying between Port Arthur, Ont., and the Rocky Mountains,
have been supplied to the Alberta Federation of Labor from the Collector of
Customs at Port Arthur, the Department of Agriculture, Saskatchewan, and
the Department of Mines, Alberta:
IMPORTED  COALS
Anthracite
Cost
Per Ton
94.602   .
4.977   .
5.357   ,
5.290   .
GERMANY'S COAL TRADE
Year
IP io
1911
191::
1913
Tons
..3J2.S13
480,802
.479,252
..512,462
Value
Tons
Bituminous
Value
$1,604,226
2,392,962
2,567,759
3,230,493
1.712,354
3,532,377
2.693,945
3,141,161
$3,644,037
8,013,848
:»,610,UG
6,963,437
Cost
Per Ton
12.128
2.268
2.072
2.217
Comparison of Totals and Percentages
Vear Total Tonnage       Total Value Percentage of
the tonnage of         the value of Anthracite
..2.034,897          $ 5,245,263 15.8
...4,013,180            10.405,610 11.98
,..3.173,197              8,177,875 15.1
...,•1.753,323            10,193,930 16,3
Comparison of Imports With Production
1910
1*9.11
1912
1913
1910
Imported Coals .....2,034.897
Saskatchewan (mined) 175,034
Alberta «nold)
Totnl
.2.730,45>i
1911
1.913,180
178,034
;t,05l,338
1912
3,173,197
258,722
3,051,338
Percentage of
Bituminous
30.5
22.99
31,2
35.1
1913
3.753,323
258.722
3,810,387
.1.1»10,t»9 5,67-1.529 0,483.2.17
Comparison by Percentages
1910 1911
.,..41.2 79.7
. 3.5 3.1
.55.3. 20.2
'M$,M
1912
■«.»
4.0
47.1
191:;
48.0
3,3
48.7
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
ftlE^3S£S*0!BaiBi^^
The charg' Is Ignited by the heat j imported Coals .....
remaining In the walls   of   Uio oven j Saskatchewan Output
from the previous burn.    Ignition be. j Alberta Output	
gins nt all the surfac-en which sre In
contact with the hot walls, and also*
at the top of the <-oal.    Along this lat-j   a scrutiny of the above tables will ahow that this territory Is Importing
ter surface, owing to the semlspherlcal t n|m08t no per cent of tho coal used.   At the satna time there ta widespread
form of the Interior of Ihe crown, and J distress among tho miners In the coal-producing camps of tbls province ow-
the combustion of some of the volatile , \nK (0 the lack of employment. Uio mines running only part ilme and th*
hydrocarbons liberated  in  the early j miners. In some cases, worklnn only three days In the month.
nidliu* at Uie burilltiMi Hid Ii-hmC In v»ry < ^^^^^h_^^^b^_b(ii^^i^^^^^^^^^^^
Inteitae.    Coking   Is   well advanced |          -■■ --..'--—-■--.  •     — ■-- -  -    . *  ......... „
here by the time thc volatile mattrlals' charring for a forty-^lght hour burn j however, lhe doorway he closed by a
of the Interior of the charge begin to! the flames die down, and the Interior j sheet Iron door made for the purpose,
be liberated. On their way up to ib**ot 'he oven appear* more tranquil, and a rover lie placed over the chart-
surface the hydrocarbons are broken ', The surface of the t-harts l» a hrll- j Ing hole In tha lot*, the t*mp«rauir*
up, and are deposited upon any part of "»"' Hint red color, The volatile by- will rise greatly daring the »e*t two
th« charge sufficiently hot to docom-! drofartwna bave all been burned off. j hours. Not only will tbo time of
\ pose them. Tba** deposited hydro! to prevent the loss of fixed canbon by J coking for tbt? next charge bo shorten-
carbons greatly Increase th* weight of > combustion, the m-vlrr* at the top of j*d, but the quality of (he eoke wilt bo
tli* product. The whole charg* *'*« door Hhould lw jtitwl up tialit, an I j Improved, and the danner of black-
*houM tw thoroughly Ignited In two or \ '"* Wftt will mtnnil with very Httta j end* caused by incomplete comtw*.
three hours s»fl«r b-elng placed In «b*:»,<«'B"<,n tttr wo""* ta-tniy-fo-ur Hlnn owing to * root oven floor will to
orsk.     The attendant,   by   looking | hour*.    At the end of that lltn* thej avoided.
tltrmieh  a   anvil!   mtorliirp,  r*m   Ml  ct»:iri!<- should 1m> ,i mass of tlowlni'    An example of ih*» r*mlt* obtained
11 when this atajie has Wn reached. The ! toVe tu« d toretb*r Into a solid body. | by a company   nalnt   lhe   Bradford
" 'coal glo** hrlsbUj, and hi-.ivy dark 'Tin-re I* m »Un of flame ot any sort, j break*r *t,A lh« (M-elm* «vk» oven la
| artalbs ot nnuXke begin to rise, show.!    Tin- tipper l>rl«ka of the door are|here glvea.    An average anniynfe «f
tug un uiM'iftL U-tu v, of air.     Ham* of. «o*   i'Uiok-J, uuA n Uintt  Iron pip* , run-of-wltM* t-oal la n* follow*;
tries owned" by the government.
So you see the Socialists have a
very definite programem for taking
over the trusts.
The German   coal   Industry    (says
"The Syren and Shipping") felt the effects of the war very severely.   Tho    i
production during August, according    •
to  official   statements   recently  published, has, as far as coal Is concerned,
been reduced 50 per cent., the total
output being 8.477,214 tons.    The production of lignite decreased aome 40*-d
per cent., viz., from 7,672,169 tons lh    -*•'•
July to 4,377,955 tons in August; the
figures for coke were 2,631,466 tons
for July, and 1,522,250 tonR for August.
Shilom
Quickly atepa coughs, eur** colds, and hcati
tha throat and lunn.      :t    . rt      as cents,
IS! WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
, ■■ ■ ■ 'i
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light—
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
Europou Plan Room Rates
50c. and Upward*
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
M
Imperial Bank of Canada
.  -    ■: HIADOFPIC1, TORONTO
Capita) Paid Up..$7,000,000      Baum Fund ....$7,000,000
O. ft. WILKC PraeltfeM        HON. MOIT JAPPRAY. VHn+rot*
■ft» NOHII IN  IRITIIH COLUMHIA
Arrowhead, Oranbr****, Feral* QeMen, KamlMpi, Mletwl, NetMit,,.
Revtletelt*, Vanetiivip and VleteH*.
•AVINOS OIPARTMINT
iM«r««t »Hft<rtt4 tn tftpMit* at currant mtn Item tfett ot tfepMtt,
F1EN1EBRAK0H A. M. OW1H Manafer
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Moiature-Hleam A, IM; A*nm
HAS INSTALLED
\
For Sale or Trade Cheap
Three fully equipped Meat Markets
One each at Blairmore, Pincher Creek and
McLeod. Wilt sell the markets complete
with the lease, or the fixtures. Terms arranged to suit the purchaser.   Apply lo
— llu- clay from tb* top   of   iht»   door' innerM, Umiuiili wblolt water In turn
p" Utoaltl no* bf rwfnoffd with a trowel. •«* *■>)•«*»• lhe Kluwin* roll**-.    Tite tedf tfKW,     Votahtt-*—itoaiu A. -t-».3»;
'f|-t«   «ffw'»   1t*t*   tlr   nbriv*   >t**n   *9*ft+**i* nt tttt* t*lmtt t«- ****t*1 tr* if»i»«f>» th* mrato*
I Portion* of the volatile -hrdiwurhrm* downward* i* orA*r lint th* whU**-tiot |H#am M *%to     tx*b~«M*m k, if.m*'
itownln lo burn )u»t a bo**   ih*-   r-oal   hriik Itmtm of th«-ovpn mnynot tw In-'Swim M. tb.m.
The 41 MARKET Co.
FERNIE
B. C.
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODG1YOUR
i
Willi, Title Deeds* Mortgagts, Inturaac* PottdM
CZit-umU tmUUotMtm in ona ot ttmmm frron
i Wl?hin the n«-<it toot or live boon tb* [ J*»rwl &y t!»* wtiM-tn cooling. Um
, ummmmu i. min-rawr* «>l the bera.Anttur I* ,u*t*tith imueA HMO tlmn.
j about Tm d**TM>a F  (a miulmum' »l«l«l> rin** in «r*al clouda at»v#> tbe
* t*anti*t»ii»r#' of ♦**» ■A****** f hi* '*<***.. iwi-M-n* i w**mt hwiMftl ettbt om
I !wn obtmeA lmm#dl«fHr txboxt* ihe' a * -lent mernlet. Tbe tnAA*n coolln*
i rokr -mii-Mi akoaM be nmbeA At rent** th# cokf* to emtrmtt and brmb
jthla tuge thi» flamM nhntild b* rod,!into columnar i»li»re*. tin* at** of
, and If much Mack   gmokt-   a|i,i««r» I wliidi art* normal tu il»*« top and l»ot-
nbove tk* <bnnce mor* air *h«wM twjtom raifacva ttt th#» (ham* TtM» «>■*«»
i admitted by romorlnc idiw* mow efcjr. ai»orb» nmh motaist*. Imt moat of
TV.1 * uk.i'.'d, *'*nk\ w.il elf**',.-)'..    ■* in ni-! \\t,9 in <ii*iti <-*|i» V>«-il ihirliui m* jiro-
wnm laff»a» In tfclekatM t*t atoit («♦<*•« of drawlne bf ibe boat ©f tlw»
, »-,.  ii.vlt**  i»■»-*»  |>*)»t«.  iii   *«)„ri-   ;»,«,; iivi-n mail*       tint- i-ufcc ia n*wr amill
bom* afifr ignition.     If tb'   r.nmet\*noo§b to be fcra4l«-d. and i« drawn
tbrnmnb ib* ttemmnf by * kMig%a*n*ll-.
nl troti rakt*. i»t>*ral*»l oner m Iron bar
Inserted In tke J*ma of Ike oj»en door.
Thi* work U v.r\ ntAewon, bait no mt
■Tbem two coal* ar« mlied logeilwr
in th« proportion of two pitta of B
aeam coat to one part ot A Saam coal.
Tbe- -r<mt Trt«*i»« era* tttt, .*tr rt* »»-, J
tlonary grlultea having a top »i>aci»g
ot tmr bttbe*. ani a bottom epulis
of two lathee, and aet at an angle of
3ft dctnee and tt d«*re« arlth tke
t:ori«MMal. The toa! peeelirg tknragfi
lae fr«itliea fall* &f«ot a aerta* fc:*v.
im, i«u Iihw «i|*niog$. T&ai nbirh
paneee tkroitRb ibt» wtrtme tmm to tbt
Hnmiorrt break**?, tbe arreena ot arbV b J
mm tkrr**,»«rier Itt* ctrtnlai kottt.
Aa arera-** *ri*.:>-*ni» ot tbl* prw-pbtttd
coal U about m ro!j*«a:
Molttnrf.--1.-04   At*tra**:      Volatile|
bybinmtbettti.  tOM;   Fiied  rertaa
a.»
l*-»t»  attdljr. and koeowe- of .*»  j,j,»«y
rotor, fhe cotaliuatloa kaa becam* too
; rapw. atid part of tka draught ahmild
ib* *nui off by piaeterfax ***,*■ tiny
..uu.  tU«  -i^v.Uue.     *Ait  n*f....-.,-fr-H--1 .-r *«> mt Otmmtem n***** b**n 4*t*t>--**.*i- »•*», mm.
• -miw oten forvwaa me mn* faldr j ed for tkia type of otam. Tkt cok* front tb* nbovo ml «*.
'"•"•""I* "I the pro-per t»mitt*ntitr*\    f»»irlnr the  dnrltir t'i** men   -v--aljiNHf «* fi>'l<»»-«:
of an aven hy ib# appoaran^ *** ifcoj<,,i,«,,i.* tmr*14*t>-\ly reotHi off* kr «k**?    Itntemta*.   »■*:   d««m»<;    Vafiatlt*
• '*-»r*** U«<iBUtioti of »» »««* afr and water, {hf-dmeaifew.*. o.u Hereto: Ittet mr-
>    In Jtbtutt Iweatf-fovr   boor*    :.f*er
 .       "***rm*me<munmAm%.rr*
P* 19. fowler, Maiu^#f Pmwnm Iftraneh i
Home Bank'Canada
■ifmwa^nm mTimmitm
mtt^^ymwmtwwttem *%»***  wowwwamw-mmm * wmmfmet m w-w^^jnmo-mmmmw-* w   wb^memttemHA
^^^b±Amm.m m^^m _____^__*_* LktAjuii^^A _*_\   m^^M^^m^^jm^Mi^m   ^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^*,^
I tmt* tH* tummy ^mmaea^mm wa mmwmnmemm nvvmpa ■ccwwv
^^^^a^l   K^h^h ^^m^^^^^j^  _t*______m mmtm^^Jt ^mmmemm mtbtm^mAm-^m^mt  ^^^^^^m^__ ^^^^^^^ ^u^^u^l   ^^
wnn til* t*m*mi p— ow una wmn*m wmmw w^t* *eiin if
mjtttom:    Toy deflay to alwaya
• •
(
i
J.P.MAODONALO, Ktanas*,
mttxrotttA ttttttm       *n»       «#•       ftttttm. m. fa. ■a-    *"*■   '"
■mMA. Aj
-- «.'-!■*""'"  'iff'       -
■'*':  "-jr-r- -,s*'X-- ,
'i.
A
im—aii—al^*
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 28, 1914
*)
*i
Sfot BlatMrt! Mm
•* -.»>.■ \
*. -n     v
*>«mI>,...
W&$pf?^. ^ at itt office,
P^Uati^WutJ.i^riiie.fB. GJ Subscription $1.00
per .yJM^c ixT advancer An. exceilfent advertising
^-t^^^Lj^Vc^eulal^nin the District. Ad-
vertui^g^rajtes on application. Up:to-date facilities
fo-rr;tiy^ job and
zo\o^t^t6^- IifiliiJo^ders receive special attention.
Add^iali cdinraunioatibnsto the District Ledger,
V V.'-' ^   Pr HXNEWiNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Tfl^OM'No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
QONUfoRUM'CONFRONTING CAPITALISM
jfeL1-
•"  '^OTTAWA, Nov. 25.—Labor   conditions   in
^Vwt,t'w> Canada are dealt with in ii report which
> Hjftll-T.- AV- .Crothers has received from Messrs.
MlNiveii-.and Hood, fair wage officers in that
" part - <ff'-the country;     The conditions there are
iiq worse than in*.the>east in respect of unemployment, inany.of thtisQ affettted being Germans and
Auatriaus whom-.the government will look after.
* "Conditions are reported worse in British Col-
uniWfti and Alberta than in the other western
proyipipes.-*   In Alberta there are 9,000 miners
out qi, work or on-short time and production will
l>*c'.30 pjar cent less;
,:     "There are 36,000 out-of work in Winnipeg;
. 900 fn Saskatoon; 1,500 in Regina; 4,000 in Edmonton;, (5,00 in (Calgary and 8,000 in Vancouver.
"Tho unemployed ^problem is with   us   at   all
times," says'one of the speakers at the recent convention at Calgary, "but right now it is more intensified than customary."
"What a confession to make by one who, on tho
platform .around election time, has prated loudly
i.lioiit this land'of prosperity! What more candid
acknowledgement could a man make of the bankruptcy of tht present regime!
When business is in a flourishing state these
apologists for'the present order (!) are loud mouthed in their assentations that their political stripe
party should be given credit for its existence; but
would "get busy and dp something" that has the
element of practicability in il.
With" the existing machinery at their disposal,
and the adverse conditions against which they have
bucked for-some time past, the farmers of the West-
cannot comply only in a very uuappreciable way
with the request of the government to increase their
yieild unless that government also comes forward
and co:opVates. •
i
The C. P. R. has instituted the "ready-made
farm," but whether its application has been a success "or a failure has nothing to do with the principle involved.       <
Then as the government still has large areas of
a cultivable character lying dormant, they state increase yield is desired, therefore let their actions
justify their assertions and take some practical
steps towards its realization.
There does not seem to be an insurmountable
difficulty preventing them from appropriating
large sums for direct action, i.e., in sending men and
arms to the front, hence by the same token there
should he no hesitancy about appropriating sums to
finance the growing of wheat.
Probably the only drawback to the fulfilment of
the scheme outlined is the tjuery that may arise in
the minds of tlie Ottawa Solomons: if we accept this
as a precedent, where is it going to end? It may
mean the stepping-stone to a state of affairs which
we do not desire to foster. Once let the whole people realize that the government may function as a
collectivity instead of as a sponsor to individualis-
tis enterprises, then t'he whole people may decide
'that thc. change is so much more economical that instead of reverting to previous methods of production and distribution they may deem thein archaic
and improvident.
If you were told of a new
discovery for the treatment of
coughs, colds and bronchitis,
as certain in its actfon on all
chest troubles as anti-toxin is
on diphtheria, or vaccination on
small-pox, wouldn't you feel
like giving it a trial? Especially
if you could try it for fifty cents I
Peps is the discovery!
■ Peps ara little tablets, neatly wrapped in air and germ-proof tilver foil,
They contain certain medicinal ingredients, which, when placed upon the
tongue, immediately turn into vapour,
ana are at once breathed down the air
passages to the luugs. On their journey,
they soothe the inflamed and irritated
membranes of the bronchial tubes,1 the
delicate walls of ths air passages, and
finally enter and carry relief and healing
to tha capillaries and tiny air sacs in the
lungs. t,- '■
In a word, while no liquid or solid
oan get to the lungs and air passages,
these Peps fumes get there direct, and
at once commence their work of healing.
Peps are entirely distinct from the
_.j fashioned liquid cough cures, which
art merely swallowed into the stomach,
OFFICIAL CIRCULAR
a
"wheiiTtliere is-a change in the commercial world
they are about as helpless as it is possible to be.
When the, government needs men and money to
prosecute a wpr they do not play any namby-pamby
tricks, try to shelve the responsibility and place it
on the province, the province in turn elaim it is up
to the municipality; instead of that they seize whatever thoy-deem necessary, ably aided when they
need more men by the employers of labor, who scorn
Uie word "conscription," whilst leaving the worker
the alternative of being discharged or enlistment.
All the temporary tactics in dealing with thc unemployed question will result in a rod thut will
sooner or later react on those whose mission it is
»or at least, supposed to be) to attend to thc
business transactions of thc community. When
the wheels of industry are moving ttmoothly thoy
keep in the calcium light of publicity, have attacks
ot "chestItfs," yet lo! and behold! when the dark
clnyds hover around they arc awallowlikc in their
transitory migrations, and assume u modesty of
demeanor that must be si range to them.
Enough iff criticism, let'a nee if there is any sug
gestion that may he of merit. These are indeed
trying times. What cnn be done to alleviate the
existing stringency! The Dominion Government
U urging the farmer* to increase the grain production, because with so many men drown from the
productive and engaged in the dent mid ive ranks,
many fields will lie fallow next year. As an in
dttcenient the farmer is told about $2.00 wheat, and
this is appealing lo hia material intercut in a eon
erete fashion. Dn the individual* wh'o attortd tn
lhe machinery at Ottawa really believe this! We
"hae oor doota," hut that they realise the iuipor-
tanee of an Increased yield we are willing to acknowledge. Pol aside the question of whil Ihe
priee will he, safe tn say in the realm of dial rHait ion
tha law af snpply and demand will play its wonted
function, ami that the atlpply will lie visibly th*
creased (we ara speaking of the world, not the national market) it a foregone eoiteiusion, ami rieapile
ewy effort if the ('Miadian wii*.itgi«*wer be rnvmt
make up Ida deficiency,    Nerertheteaa, it may ha
To the Officers and Members of United Jlinc'Work-
ers of America.
brothers—Heginning December lst, 1014, the
United Mine Workers' Journal will be published in
magazine form. It will be 32 page size and will
bc printed in three different languages, namely
English, Italian and Slavish, all under one cover.
The .Journal will be well edited and artistically
arranged. It will be attractive in appearance and
will contain all the mining news, together with in-
tciesting articles upon economic and mhuQg_aues^
and never reach the lungs.   Peps treatment of coughs and colds is direct treat-
I ment.
If you here not yet tried Peps, ent
out this article, write across it
the name and date of this paper,
and mail it (with lc. stamp to
pay return postage) to Peps Co..
■Toronto.   A  free trial packet
will  then   be' sent   you,
All d
stores
THE STRUGGLE
IN ARKANSAS
lions.
livery member of the United Mine Workers of
America should be a subscriber to our official organ, the new United Mine Workers' Journal. We
ask all the members of our local unions to interest
themselves in extendingdhc circulation of the Jour-
By Fred Hogan
HUMTIXGTOX, Ark., Xov. 23,—The
hills and valleys   of   Arkansas have
■toeea-ths-safejeet-ot-aunj-eroas-iblts-of
fiction and poetry and perhaps many
city workers have thought about them
as a beautiful retreat from tho ceaseless, wearying struggle:
But now we find ourselves in the
midst of n struggle bo spcotncular that
United -States troops are stationed in
what Is knowti as Hartford Valley, and
ment for $1,250,000 and the case -will
be heard iu Federal Court in January,
19ir>,-before a judge intensely Jibstile
to the union. On the same day this
suit iwas filed, the funds of the union
were seized. All the banks in Arkansas which held union funds ■ were
garnisheed, not excepting the old age
pension and sick funds. -The suffering this occasioned the sick, aged and
helpless among the miners 'has doubtless be,pn very gratifying to Bache.
iThe company of which Bache was
president was declared 'bankrupt and
he was appointed receiver—became
an officer of the Federal Government.
And those who thereafter might interfere in any way with his manoeuvers
might expect punishment for a crime
no less than that of conspiracy against
thc government. All the liberty the
miners of this field enjoy, all that
makes their hard and dangerous lives
endurable, they owe to the union. And
here we have the men -who seek to
destroy that, who would reduce them
to the lowest level, an officer of the
government! •
The *'-Bache mines eannot be made
ready for operation for at least three
months. Xew buildings must be erected. The mines are full of water.
Xew machinery must be purchased and
extensive repair work done. Open
shop operations cannot begin, much
less prove successful and be extended
to other fields, for several months.
There is no immediate danger of the
open shop proving sucessful iu Western Arkansas; • Aiid this accounts for
the belief among many of us that the
unilon men were not a party to the raid
of last weok.when the boarding house,
in which were quartered eleven scabB
and two U,S: marshals, was fired into
and the occupants left very hurriedly.
Resourceful and Heartless
/Bache, clothed with the authority of
a Federal officer, needed but one thing
—troops. He could get them as has
been demonstrated, upon the slightest
provocation. Ile ils as resourceful as
he Is heartless; as clever as he ls das
tardly. And it is not accrediting lilm
with loo much Ingenuity to say that
the raid of last week was very likely
his work. The union men at that
time had nothing to fight about.
-What the future may bring cannot
be guessed. The several days the
troops have been here have been uneventful. Exchanges of friendliness
have been made between the soldiers
and the union miners and strikers.   It
\'
next." Again, no word was obtainable as to the progress of the committee in session at Kansas .City for
the purpose of negotiating the 1014-16
working contract, until the destruction
of the -Bache properties. Then there
;\vas an immediate settlement.
(More and more the questions are
tejng asked whether Bache and the
Association are not working haul iu
hand? Is he simply attempting to
pull their chestnuts from the fire?
Was the law suit not a fake one? No
more has been done aibout it. Were
not the charges against Holt and How-
at but for the purpose of dividing the
men at a crucial time?
No Hardship Too Great
Bache alone, although backed by the
government, is not a seriously menacing figure. What is to be feared are
other and larger forces. In any event,
the men and women of the section are
a unit and will count no hardship nor
sacrifice too great to preserve the
union. And through the uncertainty
and fear many are coming to turn
their faces and aims to a better day.
This is not tho first time the men
of .Hartford Valley have felt the
strong arm of federal authority. In
1900 a Democrat Federal judge under
a. republican -president blanketed the
valley with a drastic* Injunction.'This
time It is a Republican judge under a
Democrat President. But the Injunctions are identical. The difference
now is that the seaib operator is a
Federal officer, and has troops to pro-
tecChlm.
The men are learning tliat Socialism is tlieir only hope, That before
they can win, they must put their class
on the judge's bench and likewise
command the United States marshals,
and the array and the navy,
CATARRH
TRUTH
Told in a Simple Way
No  Apparatus,   Inhalers,  Salves,   Lotions, Harmful Drugs, Smoke
or Electricity
HEALS DAY AND NIGHT
It is the new way. It is something
absolutely different. No lotions,
sprays or sickly smelling salves or
creams. Xo atomizer, or any apparatus of any kind. Nothing to smoke or
inhale. Xo steaming or rubbing or
injections. Xo electricity or vibration or massage; no plaster; no keeping in the house.     Nothing   of   that
iini, because in so doing we will all be helping our- f wUh ttaem have come a coterIe of mag,
i
Kraternally yours,
W. OREKN, Sec
selves. - j aaine and newspaper writers, includ
„.,        .      ... •       j. .,      i ,     -I,  i   i ing tbe moving picture man and his
The subscription price of the Journal- will be:       „.„
' ' i camera.
♦1 .(Ml per year. ; How the Trouble 8Urted
!    The   direct   beginning   of   affairs
i which lead to the sending of the troops
I rcaa.! was Frankim Baehe'a violation of his
With the above we must couple the District Led- '■ co"tract ^th the union, his withdraw-
,. ,   . ,       .        ,,,,,.,        .      : al from the Southwestern Interstate
ger, which ih owned and controlled by Hie «»»'^; t.oa, operators* Association, which em-
workera of District IH. There are many members braces all the larger companies of th«j
who. partly owing to hard times, and partly to i\; Southwest, and which does business
little rorgetfiriiiemi*, have failed to pay their yearly! *'«> the miners' union, and anuounce-
HUbncriptiiiii. Junt at present themi would be very: JJ*,"^!; rtrp0"^^* h" ml"e °"
acceptable. We aIho noticed that lhe notepaperi 'J.,",, w„" onb. R ^,r wirw,Mi Jt
tmed by a certain Iwnl waa not printed in at thia vni not the first such announcement
office. Kor tlie -Jieiiefit of all Heeretoriea may stale and attempt on the part of Bache. Of
that we an- xlill open to execute printing onlem ('"'Mike disposition, lie was «i««ys
,    .„ , ....     , ... .    ■ i Ia trouble with the union.     On the
and will ih. mt on ,»ui|»liliv.. Unim with any bus.   m,ur hand  ^ ^ h|gh ,„ t„0
mm hoiwe run omnium principle* h«'twecu Calgary, COl),t<.iif 0f the OneratiiM* A^o"iaihn.
and Vancouver. It then' should lie any mwMion of, lie *ae one ot a committee of nine
eoat thia can alwaya he arranged.    We muat have i whleh in IDIO outlined the dastardly
job printing to make both end* meet, and if we P'01 **•**» «v« n»l'»°n "»»•" *«•
,     '    .,    ,     , i. ,,i        .,     ,v , , .. , CMunwied by the coal trust, to den-
do not the liunkn will fall on the District. * ,roy ib, VnUeA M|M Workor„ l(, iU
— • -—   Southwest.
•'It'll again*! human nature "--Towant plenty!   On May «. lftH. through n driusllng
■of good food. Hiiitahle clothing   and   comfortable !""»• h"*«* »* » *a,"«» b*lw**n nr*
khulki.   il iiiithl he, Mlli-pi'tt'iJM* the uolking ciaaa>        ... w   ■«.....   . .«.!
,        . ._.,,, ,.    .  .     ,9. .      ! marched to n school hou»» near lhe
would not he aatiafted with poor food, insufficient j om>n „,,„„ mln„ (hPn   !n   am%nm
clothing and indifferent shelter. ! iierrliRnts as w«u as unionist*, ai)
—__—— 'dressed   the   gatherinir.      Iltisinest
If you an' a worker atill IwMeving m lhe profit •00,M   J"   ••"" ,h"* BMr*«' ^*'m
„       i    ,...1*1        i   . »t.      i -L,   .. i   , •#   . .   were ilcted and ihelr i»pr*»»«n«sti*«,«,
yit«n don't "kick again* the pricks.    ..it if you j (f Mt „wrWorilj |B ,ttenAnm* nt
nre aiek of it then atudy the Swialbt medicine even -j lhft mmim tWch wai m„mi „„ in
if you're not prepared to swallow it. j orderly and pwicpful protwt again**
_,,,, , lhe jrorpc-w of Ilaclio.     A committee
If the workingmen hud not spent m milch money i *•* "•« ,0 *** •«fwrint#nd*nt, per*
,.,,,_.        ,    . ,. ,,   ailsaktti -MM/Hf-ed lo nee lh# i»m|.to>«-f#,
for ItynM rerpeahttt^nt* how winy lirrmra ™"! ,* w,» * ,* Wtor to Mn, wim
Pernie have had, ami would tilwae deprived of lhe ,hr mim foret* talnwl. tnA amid **n.
Capitalism Breaking
Down
Hy Charles Proteus Stelnmeta
kind at. all. Something new and
different, something delightful and
healthful. You do not have to >walt,
and linger and pay out a lot of money.
You can stop It over night—and I
will gladly tell yod how—FREE.. I am
not a doctor, and this is not a so-
called doctor's prescription—but I am
cured and my friends are cured, and
you can be cured, Your sufferings
will Btop at once like magic
I Am Free - You can be Free
Half the world is nt war, has ceased
production, but is still consuming.
This requires an increased production
by those nations which are still at
peace. On this emergency, -calling
for an Increase ot production our industrial system has reacted by curtailing production,-by shutting dawn mills
and factories and throwing hundred?
■flf-ill(>liSflJljlR_fl!ll-^f "■'"''fr.   *1 1ti\t nnd
visibly ntteeied If kh# Canadian gnv*rtMiM>nt **t* „,,|Wnanii> w. wil Umo* box* Iwii eumiNriilfd lo eral rajmewg tkt erowd Aemnot.
to adopt a real hmin^ H^y
At an ewerfenejr meaatire, in thtmr Im-alilim
work in lh** minea?
4
lint. Uirwifh paid woit<»aa«>s snd Iif
xirtn* ot lh* aw*! sithud* ot t*4*ni
.-_                                                                                                                                    »   v«                 • i io-tn***,  flnebe «»rur^il an   iriftincll-wn
wlwre Umim km been a bilum at enifm. (key are     Th* ii|i-ke«^ of fhf ,\rmy nml Snxy pmnd*i Mlnhlll| m)om ,nm  M*rt*m§
tnrnMihif.m*H wfcett.   They therehy acknowledge work.    The prndtief of fhe army and navy deatroy*. with ih* owviMm ut i»*i.*» imiw-i, nmM
the prfnelple of rendering aome anaiatanee to thtf thereby providing more work; henew why proaedtlr whataoeter eonditiont ii i.i-»..-d him
■ummtmm nfneiin«raui«i.     ii tmt mn «io immi imcmh wlio ilntmy imililingiif   it provntea work to '•'■".«'•««»'-
mny nut carry tte pi«» «ui ui a mxm omplitietl j mm* Ihe Ntildmgat then hy d«inirtion more work ^.^J^ m m mvmttl to ^
manner and advanee not only tke need hut otfcerj h fwrtifaih««l.   Funny, iant it!    In the one rem ii mm ^,^4 »,*»„„ $mn,u ,,„ ,mtf^.
auilnriia In IN firming fraternity, not aa • gift j way laml you a penalon ami in the other land ym -b* terms of the injannioit. nacaa !«•
(•• {fl the ww oftfc* need wkeat> hnt aiwply at a| in a "pen."   Oloriotis arc lhy manifeslaliou*. n portril private «uards  mn of «»!««•
mmpmmt} mm, i-^mjimoui lw tm mmm wintn iim rmtimtion!
etmp b fifnemlt   The hnp»rtan*« af Mm itumm-
rd,rrop thould be wffWent indneentent to take ex
is reported that several of the soldiers
wero invited to attend a danco given in
the town nearest their camp.
We coul-d face the future with better
hopes, more assurances, could better
lay our plans, if we could feel that we
had only Bache with which to reckon.
Out there Is no reason to believe this,
Uuche was bankrupt. Far and wide
-lie iwas known as a man who could not
pay his debts. He was refused credit
by ^wholesale houses, his checks were
turned down by banks. But since
breaking with the union, Haclio has
plenty of money. Thl bust attorneys
In the state have entered court on bis
behalf, lie, himself, lives in princely style, to say nothing of the expense
of Uie army of gunmen, stockades,
guns and other Implements of his warfare,
-Two suppositions as to tbe source ot
the money used by Ha che are current.
Some believe that he Is backed by tbe
Colorado Fuel and Iron Co. That
this company would like to divert public rage from Itself and at the same
tlmo extend Ua persistent and bluer
wur 011 tho cause of uiiiouUm to the
iloiilhwent*. |s urged.
Another opinion Is that Uils money
i« coming from the Sou;hwestern in-
ter-HUte <"oal Operators' Association.
Win 11 (Uiiclic broke witb the Association he filed them for fiA.OOA charg-
Inn; the misappropriation of funds,
The V. M. W. of A. became Interveners tn the «utc» and the testimony ef
•be operators wan that tht money un-
account-mi for had bc«»n pnid to brltip
two nich in thc union ranks—Alex.
Ilowat, of Kansas, and t-*r»d Holt, of
Oklahoma. Th« nearest proof pro-
dated were votieh#r* given one coal
operator by .tnotht r. And at no lime
were tbey able lo *how where these
men wlimttiishcd a finale point for
which ihey bad contended, where ihey
wavered In the least from th* aigrvs-
she. flRhtlitR aland which illMlnnul-h
t-d them la thtlr organization.
ThroitRhont ibe hearing the awoi
,»t«n   i'j>«rrtiom   ptoien**ii   fsireme
frlettdllne** for the anion and deep
'■- ..1---   A.).',     ti,*     miittt**ma*, *.i»**4
ff'« !r*-i torn* to tls&t. Va W. li.
Mjtn. one-tli»# prnmiaent offfeis! of
the I',  M   XV. of ,% , and bier rom-
tnl**1rtn*T fnr lhe Buiithwcati'tu tuta--
mm* fort! Operators' -Aaaorfntfoit. »cs.
Ilftod that lie had been Inntrwned by
I *         •■'     *»"■ ■■9,:..i.4t«,      »9a*\<t***^t
|f«,,^ ,,.*!,. ,       v    ..*     « , ,  .       >(i   . , vl. *.  ;      *
nmtltrti ol ill- A*««cl4Uo» K*t.rj'J»#!
("Mnnlltre ethit+n mtmibn vr*o-#'
tbe hesrinie. to   pat John 1»  White |
other neutrtil countries. -Wihy? It is
not that the means of bringing the products to the consumer have failed; our
railroads are still there, and are not
busy, and hundreds of thousands of
tons of good ships are rotting In our
harbors.
Confronted by Financial Shortage
The extensions of our railroads, <Jur
electric systems, our industries, which
were considered before the war, arc
just us much--and more-needed, anil
would %e Just as productive today—
but -capital cannot be found to finance
tbem. The same population inhabits
our country, desiring to consume, and
willing to pay for it by their productive work; but tbey cannot work, because neither the desired production
nor the oonsumptlon of the products,
can be financed.
Many Ready Markets Opsnsd Up
South America, Africa, Australia
have been cut off from European supplies, they need aud aro a ready market for our products. Nothing has
changed there, and these countries aro
Just aa much in need of commodities
a«- before tbe war, and Just as ahle to
pay for them -by ihelr work; but they
uaniiot buy. becauae their consumption
cannot be financed, and they cannot
pay for ihelr needs, because their pro
ducllon cannot be financed.
Our Financial Syatam Haa Collapsed
Thus while there are ample facilities
for production; while there Is an unprecedented demand for tbe products,
nml all condition)* or prosperity nr*
prrHeut; panic and depression relan,
be-rauM between production and consumption entera finance as intermediary, as middle waa, without whom
neither production aor consumption
can eslat today, and the financial aya-
tem nf the world baa collapsed.
Haa Twmbltd Liks a Haute ot Cards
My catarrh was filthy and loathsome. It made nie 111. It dulled t*\\
mlnu. It undermined my health „nu
wns weakening my will. The hawking
coughing, spitting: made me obnoxious
to oil, and my foul bre*Mi and disgusting habits made evep civ loved ones
avoid me secretly. >iy delight In life
wns dulled and my faculties impaired.
I knew that In time It would bring me
to an untimely grave, b.-causu -overy
moment of tlio day aud night it was
slowly yet surely sapping my vitality.
But X found: a cure 8.id I am read>
to i«?'.i you about It :-FBEK. Write roe
promptly.
RISK qUSTI CENT
Send >io rnoripy, Jdst'your-name and
address on a postal card. Ssy-^JTJeai^
Sum KuI-a,—^i-K-aHH. i-yi* life now yOxi .
cured your catarrh, and how I can cure
mine," That'* all you need to say, I
will understand, and I will write to
you with 'Complete information. FItEB.
tt once. Do not delay. Send postal
card' or write me a letter today. Don't
think of turning this page until you
have Baked for this wonderful treatment, that can do for you what It has
done for me,
8AM KATZ, Room C2754
142 Mutual 8t., Toronto, Ont.
hard as any .Industrial!"town, hut it ts
the structure of our industrial system, which was a beautiful card
house, tliat came tumbling down at
the first shock of an emergency, ana
wo now gather up thc pieces.
Bring Production and Consumption
To-jether
Thus a final and permanent solution should he found to eliminate tha
middle man, tu bring production and
consumption directly together and
make ilium Independent of finance,
and have the production controlled,
th*.' MteaiiM of pro-duiUou united by tbo
conitUiuer, that is. tbo nation, so that
no financial panic can stop production,
where tho products are ii«iiled, or in-
terfer* with consumption, ahere ample productive capacity is available.
Industrial Rtcemtructien la Inevitable
Some such reconstruction of onr Industrial system ttrvm* inevitable, and
the old conditions can never return;
lhe first ntftp*. which the K-iropcan
nations took at the outbreak of tbe
*«r. nu.iiU.iiK <-veii otd hhKiMid. tne
boro« of capitalism and private enterprise, «.a o < ^.jjIj.s:, ri-JttTuuiei.u!
control of production and conaump-
tion. Si,* the war U burning up
moi,.-} ot llw rale of •'»<» million dolls re m day, and every day It continue?,
makes it more certain that the nation*
y.111 never Imi ahle to pny tin- mar debt;
It is noi the fault of tbe financiers, \ makes It impossible even to pay ln*er-
for tliey are just as kelpies* in <bi*
emer«*ncy aa the producer and th*»
consumer: and the flnier-isl dltirtet
of Wail Htreet has been bit Juft as
**t on H, and thin mevtstdy moans
httnkruptrj and repudt-Atl<m.   and   In-
dtt««ri»l r*--i (>*T-,»tT'Hi?Mi ot,   - ■ilff-T'-v
haais.
Nn  Matter   How
You Fee!
Well
(.Ifl, ,*,, ,#
«»-v *.***. twa**** -mom****mm •»»»
n the proteetloii of fhe court, th***
men heeaaae fcrate.   They laraded the
Tke capital!*! ia mit In blame, he'a \mkmg nfh'r hlgkway* with their mm: in*alt*A the
Xn. lw    Then tl V np lo the working-man t<» Uh" •
leaf *n»t of the capitalist'a twwih.
tnionUMfy atepa t« obtain the mm.    The eqwip-
MMt eiemm tm the war wnn net h#M np pending
ew i4mthm, bnt tW nmonntt np-pmprkfM nrt th*
gp»|.-U»nifth«»a*«iaret»liefe»tan<ItheKonif».| flfwat Itrilain ia !mfmtAnt en iwmm* tat we-i;
ran Market sappM rt **onidlbe e«|tuilk|r en impera.| frv»« n 1 per mt% tniwlienww to Wr£ pit ecu; *»-
v tiv# tltt I* tWa Mil thnae faetora hi pnvtoHitn| earned inenme. mtl evwmtinff tlr anrtat; nn bn?>
(Um tetrnten) ahnwlil he. gitrea atiaw pra<rtM«l as»t*. j and wteamed Ummm omonnlinf in mme rn**-* '■-
tamwi, ■% Jffiperefiit. Ttw«1iaiM«f1t«r«f the Kteheqner aai.1;
Hbaat MVgaata-m aw mA .ffefed wnde-r the m-j   *%t pwa»wit therr araa m intent Km tw i»ft.^ »n
pmtm mt ther. V tt*l*«tA mt. w»m en At ft {tnenwe tax upon the wag* earning eta**.**    UA:
\\t'HtttaR *tflk, hot aw pttt f.irtrant *«f thia "elaaa legWalinn"!    I*lmh!em f«r live w.vtli.
parweet
a rite* Hat it lhe 9t$tm that bn et* m'*% thty | awtieal iweitned: What evpntaMe in*m» tat «fc
etefaa mhe. httkttmmm, they mmH mt apewd all
their •ftfai It ****** Wtmt taWng tW* m lhat tot*
H***mm1m,hmh> tin wnmetto* ei tht mm.
b* iaapoaed on a farw lahwer rer*itS»g W *hAl
a emeh and assppafflnf lihwaa^f. arlfe ntx,,   %
virtt and <5*«t*hteri of iht mlaer*.
•dot iato the bo»es ot tke saiB-tra at
nf*'»» :**if rmtnt-tet women ttfr* rom-
pelled ia ffe* to aearty towas far pr*
Ti'rt- ;v ji limn in uiul mtn i.,ll *«•
torn. Vb* wal«Mi mm ei tfce vattey
eoaiaetkNl i« Ut* m U pet w**k,
tmnttf ot tbtm *Uh t:ur*» laaskiter*.
xmtt %aw#*« WttmltwA, *Vbt*.*t wttfttt
aitit famtbterm ti*w^--«*«,>*H**-ll fit*
ttamtX mm tb* bwrnsa* of ii*****'** pro
parties aa-! tfce rout it-ji of »Ji*i- ttunmen.
-Oaeke's »<«l mtn* «** u* *n*e *en
i«al»*t tke mtaers" nvim no* asaay
intitUnnltt. metwtint i»r*i, dtatvtef
and natiotwl offieern. »«r talre tM
tataa of U* preparty.   He aska to**
Mfrrneiiiiooo kMi
tiaar far eipietawiaJL bm tm
ontnot* ibe ntm AlSom
tlaer. e**ilmt_ emttm eei
_irorri» tmvuaos.
,.. srorrs nrutanK dwna* u»
WHS WSUI  mtata^mma^^t awamttn.
ju|k||j|u<a||j<u>u^ll>haHM     ^k^H^^MIWi^   __m_____t__A_____t       — f Jl*.
mttotweoaen orman ttnminwrt*, suit
the attain v ami *iwinfity of mtOi
-j^misaJil *—  MumtiJttLmmAmnmnmW* mtLad*
am* mm*** tmrwtmon tm.
mtmrnte m****^^w em-* ^^^^^p ^-.^^^-^^^^f^^^mr"
Ymir apiw>tit#> i« iMtnml *»> feel «l»e tnw-d *»f ■
er>f»iirttially laatj* and good at Ihm jtarfi'iilar %ca*in. and
iM-iliif i-ai'i-ful alwml lit** »»«-«» v<.ii f#ii«-v i* <»«* i»ni**«t*-...' ♦».•
t*tr.
Qovernment Inspected
,<!,:,;
Ke*pt fresh and clean ntsti! «.er\-i-.l on flic tal tit*"« .
x,t,» *liniil«1 inalat un. limt'i think iUet.l»*'num »«* give u*u
hifli grad-e meat that «nr f-rh-m nr* hieh.
QUALITY OUR HOBBY'
The 41 Market Co.
"'V
I
vv?
'.Vj.
' in
'I
£
^..» *,s£.a*s3»ajkjr
mr-**--
XH-Mt-UKM.-n.M,
#* *; _ -<*$.
B-''^^A^J^Ts
w
-H*,,
■H-r  J'V^t't -V;
• I *•- „■''
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 28,1914
PAGE THREE
ft
XI
k
WINTER
Will Soon Be Hore
ARE YOU READY?
WE ARE
We can supply your needs in
either coal or wood heaters.
Call In and look over our stock
of ranges and heaters before the
cold weather arrives.
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware and Furniture
'Phone 37
FERNIE
B. C.
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minai'd s
Liniment
A. Macnell 8* B»'>V'»H
MACNEIl. A BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,  Notarlea,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of   .
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
*. C. Lawe
>     -    \
Full aupply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
BeefrPopkrMuttDr
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break-
fast.
CALL OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood 8treet
FERNIE, B. C.
Alex. I. F'aher
'LAWE.*. FISHER*
'/'ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B, ,C.
A Visit to Pre-Emptions at
Dorr and Kragg
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers *J2Ei
We Are Ready to Scratch
ott you- bill any item of lumber aot
found Just as we represented.   'Thers
la no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you waut spruce we do aot
rlend"T0Q~n6ml-Dck. Wh-eifyou-buT"
tlrst-class lumber we don't slip Id a
lot of culls.' Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings.
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot. P.O. Bex 82,
Phone 23,
KING'S  HOTEL
Bnr sit|»|»liwl with  tlu»  l«»*t Wines
l,tqiiors mul ('iftiuf
OININfl  HOOM  IN CONNIPTION
W MILLS,
?m
fHBS
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
t>ry "floods, Groceries, ItwM aad
Moo*. o*nu' -Furnishing*
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT   HOSMER,   B.C.
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, ltd,
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
List of Locals District 18
;%   I
mt
See. not P. 0. Atftrete
W«   Mfiwrtr Tnhar  kXtn
 J*. Wheatley, Itankboad. Alta,
 1. Uoegbran. lk**er Crtek, via Pincher. AUa.
, Jamea Burke, Box 3*. Hellerue, Alta.
 Wm Archer, Blairmore, Alta.
 T. ll. Harriet, Vaaabnra, Alu.
 J. Mitchell, (.trbondale. Coleman. Alta.
....... Mit-tin-*-) Vvmwi, tmiroor*, Aim.
........ J. JohnMoa, Coleman, Altfr
.......   i-** •*t*l*>*Ht, -iDlitltl, ii, C,
....... J. Evans, Chinook Mian* Commerre. Alta.
.,,,,,. .Tbet 15.f*^ll. Ferule, B. C.
 Kvaa Morgan, Prank, AHa.
 Mark Bttafer, Hlllerest, Alta.
 1* Mocw. 5731 Satis txtrnm, X. I.whbrWjw-
tctea.,.„rr«xJt tUrrluetuuu. Coxltiai.it Atu.
 TO. Hen-tee, Paaabert* Alta.
....... Itlfthar*  ItmrA. Mlcbrt. ll, r.
 T. II. Harrtee. f-toaefeom. Aha
* a * rem e n A.   *PlBEI<ftWl(Hl*#   TWMWT*   AHflk
OawvMOVB, CnMmero...Vnt Hwtor. Oeorgetowa. Oauaora. Alta.
Brweoe Ul*ee..........K*ny McKanne, Nordatg, vl* lteeky Meeeb-
Nt.
Name
vt
•wtiiit. %**i Vine
as
Denlehead.......
411
Denver Creek...
431
BeUtvue	
tl«S
Ulalratom ......
•41
Barmli	
tttt
Carbon-date	
13tl
Canmore.,,,. ••
HOT
Col-mian	
ttil
t tartMB	
•111
Chinook Mmm.,
SS14
1MB
Prank	
tost
Hilkftet.......
fc'4
umibttAmt	
Ui!A
UlkUsUI** CatU
mmtetb
tttt
Mep4*U»f	
m*
ytUMi	
tm
•ormm^tt^mwoo "
m
ft**...-	
Dast week anil this we ar^ publishing an account ot the Lahor' Convention held to 'Calgary to consider ways
aud means of relieving immediate distress among the unemployed. •■ -Now,
it must be distinctly understood that
the unemployed does not consist, as
in former years of the transient unskilled labor that -we find travelling
the country from January to December, and who, so long as our present
competitive system iprovails, we may
rest assured we shall always 'be blessed or cussed with, hut included ln its
ranks will be found skilled mechanics,
accountants, stenographers, and many
respectabla genteel .bourgeois who
have always regarded the unemployed
as a class composed exclusively of
bums -and ne'r-doiwells, whose inclination for rest and refreshment is solely
responsible for -their condition. The
present situation may be regarded aa
the greatest educator and broadening
medium that the worker haB ever heen
up against. Men who have held comfortable positions in offices and stores
find themselves out of a ioh and out of
everything, including "luck." (Each
and every one has but one obsession—
to get something to eat and wear.
IThe Convention at Calgary accom-
■piished something, if it was only to
show haw helpless this country and
the governments are to meet any great
crisis. Further, 'it was brought out
that while the government was overwhelmed with a desire to help they
were not overwhelmed with cash, and
conseqeuntly they could not advance
monetary assistance.
The Commission was called to devise some "immediate relief" for the
unemployed, and- that was the thought
uppermost in the minds of those present, but strange, they discovered that
the present must tor ing a future, and
It ■was realized by several of thbse present that while the present waa bein?
considered, It waa impossible to escape the future. To relieve the farmer today, with a knowledge that he
would he up against exactly the same
proposition tomorrow, is ahout as sensible a trick as burning dawn your
house because you are cold today.	
Permitting farmers to settle on land
that cannot produce enoug to feed -the
chickens and then squandering money
in relief upon them is like trying to
run a poor house farm on a rock pile.
Last week we ventured to write
upon the necessity ot possessing the
land, stating the well-known fact that
this was the foundation an-d 'basic
source of wealth. And we must admit
that these remarks were occasioned
aa a result of a visit to certain pre-
emptors who have settled oa dande
in the district ot Dorr and Kraig. This
land was thrown open by the government ot British Columbia early laat
summer, and some ten weeks ago the
settlers moved onto the land.
This article is not intended as aa
eulogy of the government for throwing
open this land, for we recognise that
they bave lota of land tbat they anight
•till throw open, 'but it ls intended
to point out to them the efforts of
those who have settled on this land
and persuade them, If -possible, to
throw open many more preemptions,
ao thnt the people of this province may
have an opportunity or settling up the
land and securing a borne (or themselves.
We realise that some of tho critics
will state that the only reason tha
government threw open this land wu
because tbey knew It was no good—
too dry, etc.   Those critics might take
a run down to Dorr and Interview the
settlers there, tbey might take a took
around and see what has been accent-
ptlnhed tn th* »hort mpttee o! ten wietlLi
- they might get tho opinion of those
on the land, and ask tbem If they
thought the proposition   was   worth
while.  For our part wa do not know
th* first thing about tha Isnd, and
will candidly admit tbat tba critic wbo
declares that the land Is too dry and
will never raise weeds, nay be absolutely correct.     Our visit waa paid
in company with Uio -Government Inspector of Pre-emptions, Mr. WllmoK.
Tb» tatter was on a visit ot inspection
whit* we were beat apon spending a
tew daya hunting In that part of tha
-country.
VV* dropped off the tireet Northern
train at Dorr, and I oust admit tbat
my firm Impression or the ranchers
country waa not exactly enthusiastic
At flrat I fatl«4 to umta as* coiMKry
b» I for a rancher to set ile on without tba
jaaaistance of soma visible -means otl
, >^i>,»on-, *»4 Hut > tub* KuM* 1 Ami kmt* i ■eSi
jittKMit dealers falling ott thoir raaebea
tot* il*- itv'tt rorwted f* «ar mM.
On either sido of tbe tiwek tba coon-
1 try rose sleep and rugged, while the
It was here that we were invited to
lunch, -and suoh a luncheon'. Whether
it was the air of Dorr, or w&etoher it
was the beautiful, simple but wholesome English cooking, -with, the Inevitable "Yorkshire," we do not know,
but certainly the climfb to the benches
■where the pre-emptions are situated
after lunch seemed like tackling a
good sized mountain.
A word as to the mill, whioh is ooe
ot the most up-to-date In the country.
The proprietor informs us that he cannot, seoure any orderB, and consequently his mill and machinery must remain idle. A dozen or so Russians
and -Finlanders are seen in the yard
splitting -firewood, and the mill-owner
keeps tbem around, paying them just
enough to keep them in food and giving them shelter for the winter, He
cannot do more, and it ds certainly a
tribute to his generosity that be is
able to do this, when one considers
the hard times that have befallen the
lumber men In these parts. Ail their
money is tied up in machinery, buildings -and tim-ber limits, and they in
turn have to rely upon the banks to
tide them over.
Were it not tor the generosity ot
this mill owner, some dozen or more
foreigners would he compelled to
tramp around the country and eventually become a change upon some municipality or the government. Mr.
Gregson, in his little way, Is (working
out a suggestion that was ma&e .at
the Calgary conference, but those who
partake of his hospitality do so with
far more freedom than would be the
case were they employed by a farmer,
while their quarters are both comfortable and clean.
5ne thing we learned about our host
—that politics out no figure when it
was a question ot hospitality. 'Mr.
Gregson and his excellent wife are
Engile-h, and they certainly know how
to entertain.
Journeying up the hill we soon arrived, at one lot (20 acres) that had
not Ibeen taken by the original filer.
And right here we wish, to say that
we do not blame him, for the land was
Our next visit was t othe pre-emptions at Krag, an dhere we fodnd
Dy. James 'hard at work erecting his
eLght-iToomed mansion. The inspector
was as much astonished as the writer
and could not help remarking that
these settlers seem determined to stay
while there was the same evidence of
energy and hard work as displayed at
Dorr. All lots that had been settled on had been fenced, -wells dug,
houses built, or building, .while one
setbler had started in with strawberries. The faith of the settlers In the
land is great, and if there is any capricious critic who feels inclined to
doubt their sincerity let bim pay tbem
a visit.
The -government is to be congratulated for throwing open the land, and it
is to be hoped that they will not be
content with what they have done but
'will, as the timber * licenses expire,
throw open the adjoining lands.
have not been taken up, and consequently it cannot be expeoted that the
government will throw open mor*^ acre^
age. Let the critic remember that It is
just as well that people have not taken
up some of this tend, for it is uselesa
for ranching purposes. It is impossible to pick out good and bad land
when throwing opea acreage like this,
and the settler must -use his discretion
when he decides to settle on land and
see that he get ibn best
Absolutely no favor has been shown
tbe settlers on these lands, and the
effort is all theirs. The -government
should certainly be persuaded from the
inspector's report to throw open more
of this land, for as Is proved, by the
settlers at Dorr and Krag, we have In
our midst men who are -ready and willing, possessing tho brawn and the
brain, to make the prosperity of this
province an accomplished fact and not
-,-.-.   H:*;'.-i*'--,
SiS* . ■■-^v^/,'HUf,,s\.■
■.v. ■ ,y" ^nj^i
.& A$$£X*A*
dtfc.-- ■-■,
jfcY'v
Suffered Wily tor 15i^Ktei#
Some may argue that all the lands an election promise or threat,
THE GOD OP TODAY— AND ARMAGEDDON!
pli^T-^IyTwortTness. "The road" cut
through this lot and the -forty acres
had been, divided Into two lots. The
adjoining lot of 20 acres, however, was
fine level land, with just sufficient
titn/ber for building and fencing purposes. We understand that -the government has been approached by a
prospective settler to throw both these
lots into one, and It this is done there
is not the slightest doubt that the
Individual in question will settle on
same.
A little further on and we reach
the fence of W. Mlnton's 40 acres.
Away to tbo left is observed a substantial log 'house, and tbe frame ot
another building    These lots, wo are
Informed hare been taken up by an
Austrian and a Oerman.   Both have
done considerable work on tliolr lots,
while the Teuton bas quite a neat little
kitchen   garden   nearby   his  house.
This man evidently moans to stay, and
the substantial log house he haa partly
built la ample proof of bis Intention
to settle. We also observed aibout two
acres plowed in fall wheat, and while
the settler does not seem to bave displayed a great knowledge of agriculture In selecting tbla piece of land, tbe
neat little piles ot rock that bave tees
cleared off the ground, boar testimony
to the Teutonic   thoroughness   witb
which he has tackled tbe proposition.
W Minton and B. Ainsworth have
two forty acre Iota adjoining, and dur
ing tho time they bave been on their
lots (some eight weeks) bave worked
wom!e»rf.    Oven tbe !nao#*tor of Pr»-
e-mptiens was bound to admit that be
seldom aaw mora energy and enthusiasm displayed by settlers.    Wells
have been dug, houses bulh, toad
cleared and fenced, while both Minton
and Alnaworth bave some two acres
each (broken.  Tbe bouses that liave
been built are solid and prodf agalast
all weather, while tbe fences are both
strong and neat.
Tbe Inspeotor. to aay tbe least waa
moro tban surprised, and promised to
tlve the men credit for wbat lief bad
areomplisbed. Wo may state here
tbat inside of wo montba Hie ■
have practically fulfilled the government improvement quallfteatloa. They
have to pnt In a residence of sis
months per year for three years to
qualify, ibut once they have made
tbelr placet habitable, tbls should not
v* aiuicaui.
Hear ye Crowned Heads, Money 'Magnates, War Lords—-courtiers of mine!
Go now muster servile armies, what are tbey to us but swine!
To be slaughtered for our profit as Diplomacy may decree,
This the fiat of God Profit to the Civilized (?) Powers that be:
Line up now your trained battalions, marching forth in armed array,
•Mobilize dreadnoughts, destroyers, wing'd aircraft—latest birds of prey;
Limber siege guns, charge for action;feed .machine guns, let them play:
Sweep them down in tens of thousands, as a scythe sweeps down the hay.
Deal destruction from your airships—death from submarines below;
Reign of .war, red -culmination ot orgy, massacre and woe.    *
'Mid the boom and roar of cannon, cries of dying, shriek of shells,
Behold Humanity torn to pieces; scenes out-vieing all your hells.
Here their split-blood dyes the river, there mangled bodies choke its flow,
Scenes that beggar word-description, eclipsing every Inferno;
Slain for Profit—Ghoulish Profit—steeped In human blood and gore,
All to quench the greed and lust of money kings and lords of war.
Great God Profit views the carnage with exulting glee of gain;
Revels in this "Sport ot Kings"—slaying human kind the game;
Civilization pierced by bayonet; Christianity shot through and through,
While serving preachers, politicians pray God to bless each fighting crew.
Oh, what cruel craft and cunning, Inveigling us to bend the knee;
To bear the burden, face the bullets—searching Truth abhors such infamy!
Thus behold we modern warfare, stripped and naked of disguise;
Human beings, living targets, murdered, swept away like flies.
As the courtiers of this Great God, war for Profit, World Supremacy,
Crucify anew earth's common people; War their cross—Gethsemaue!
Ye rank and file on firing line pitted against each other;
Warring against the common weal; under orders, "Slay thy brother!"
Ye masses in the workers' line, and workleas in the bread line found,
All victims of this came God- -Profit, by his wage-slave system bound.
Hear the Human call of Duty, 'gainst this enemy of the race,
Here's the battle that concerns us, Robber -System -foe we face;
World-wide proletarian army, ours to suffer, bleed and die,
Till we muster at the Ballot; there tbe exploiter's power destroy.
-pregnant tact for you and me—
0. A. WHITE, Caa.   At. - '-;   -
ax Wjjaac* Av*., Xoaowto,
Dec. 3and.l9.f3".
.'- ■' •■ v
"Having been a great sufferer,ft«m
Asthma for a period of fifteen years'
(sometimes having to ait up at night
for weeks at a time) I began the use./
of "Fruit-a-tives". - These wonderful
tablets relieved me of Indigestion, and
through the continued use of, Bame, I
am no longer diitressed with that
terrible disease, Asthma, thanks to
*'Fruit.a-tive»y which are worth their
weight in gold to anyone suffering ss
I did.' I would heartily recommend
them to all sufferers from Asthma, -
which I believe ia caused or aggravated
by Indigestion"..   ;    D. A^WHiTB
Por Asthma, for Hay Fever, for nnj
trouble-caused by execssiveneryotunos
due to Impure Blood, faulty DlgeaUon
or Constipation, take  'Fruit-a--tivM"
50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size, 95c.
At .all dealers or fiom Fruit-a-tivee
Limited. Ottawa.
This this Key and the Solutlon-
To unite divided forces, and end this age-long tragedy.
Arouse then, all ye toiling masses, seek and serve Truth's beacon light;
Answer the Clarion Call to Action, "Workers ot the world Unite!"
Cease all violence, blot out taction, Impotent strike and petty strife;
Take direct political action, strike through the ballot as for your lite.
Muster then exploited millions, known ot farm, mine, factory,
Sense your economic Interests 'gainst this God-Profit, War and Tyranny;
Join the class conscious revolting army, voicing Social Democracy,
Waging warfare with the ballot that shall slay the arch enemy;
Bring to end this reign of King Craft, war-scourge, lust, rapacity.
Found and foster human brotherhood born of Justice, Truth, Fraternity.
Oh, benighted tellow-iworkers, truth and reason urges us to see
That the open way to freedom lies through the ballot politically,
There to conquer all Oppression, Profit-Rule, Wage-Slavery;
Break the chains that gall and bind ub, bring joy, peace and liberty.
Here Duty calls us, Hope inspires us; to the ballot battle unitedly;
Votes shall vanquish this War-God Profit! Hts Armageddon—Our Victory.
Hail blest Spirit of Social Democracy, welling up trom shore to shore,
Striving for the Human Brotherhood, Universal Peace and Death to War!
Creston, B.€., Nov., 1914. J. A. L.
MINING  UNDER
GERMAN
TRENCHES
moentatae seemed tmpteaaaw-Uy near. I
We proceeded to find •»«• habitation I
and from a nearby section «aan learn-1
**1 that Mr H. p. dngeoB lived fhrtbtr
down the track at the mill.
A Journey of some tbtee kindred
pi*N Drought m to tM t*w mllf
j   Tba aaw mill, like wool of tkt mills
, A.  Brituli utuuibU at  preaent.  waa
\iAif, altboafb not wliho-nt signs of
'iif*     T*o Mg rrleedly Mo**   aad
t wbtt* rolli* dngs came to WWt ws and
\ display** every ermptom of  Weed
! .*h'p, while ihe vtoniti*LM, 9tt. 0««
[■"tit. i,*!iotu*:*I a. welcome.
.   Tb* milt offtcee at* weed aa poet
<<mc«-f mA general moWlsaUoo point
iter tbo tow touiim arooai.   If aay
«tw wUbee to know anytfctat about
1 the coeatry evtdnwtty Im goea to Mr.
(irogwjn, who aeeaas  to  kttf tvtry
The following story of tho springing
of a mine Is told by a corporal of the
Coldstream Guards, wounded In the
battle of tbe Alane on October lst,
and now in hospital at Sheffield:—
Quite the most awful thing I ever
set my eyes on lu a war made up ot
awful sights took place early one
morning close to Soissons. The dot*
mans bad a strong position, and were
so cleverly entrenched that nothing on
earth seemad to shift tbem. Thay
had to be shitted, and because wc did
not make a direct attempt at It they
fancied themselves quite secure. All
tbe while tbe Engineers were feverishly at >work night and day carefully
burrowing tbelr way through tm
ground to where tbe Germans were.
Dna morning everything waa ready,
and a feint made agalnat tbe position.
Tbe Oermana stood to arms and fired
at us steadily. Tbey were ao cock-
sure tbat they began to taunt us and
dare us to come on. We knew wbat
was coming, and we kept at a proper
distance. Just at tbe right time tbere
was an awfat roar along tbe poalUon
aad a steal big dead of aaaoke, earth,
stoaea, and tbe mangled limbs of men
and horses abot np into the sky. for
s few seconds It seemed to rain arms
and legs. The mine which our "mudlarks' bid boon preparing to quietly
bad been sproag at last. Per yards
leraeae im* »«»"i **** m •«*««>.«* ""*'\(f*
I'liti tfiii i-J illl-'   wvu-uJiO   wki>  ww
still alive were awfat for downright horror I never aaw anything to
equal the eight eieept erne, aai tbat
wm wbtn I *a« in a terrible eolllety
mnn*tt**n*  ■>*  i****.*****.**  w»t   t%****
Is going to end sooner than most people expect, simply because sights like
this cannot be gated on ror ever.-—
Science and Art of Mining.
these regulations were Introduced In.
stead ot now, when they had come
into force. The whole fault rested
with the «ome Office in making certain provisions before they know definitely that there was aay. instrument
on the market whioh woiMd comply
with them. Had a reasonable time
been allowed for apparatus to be devised and worked out then many managers would not ibe-in the fix they
were now In respect that they had flt-
ted up instruments wblch the -mine Inspectors declared did not comply with-
tbe iMlnes Act.. That was m-pst unfortunate tor managers .and coadowners
who had alreadw laid out thoir money
on the purchase of apparatus. The
fault did not He with managers, who
had tried to comply with the act, but
he did say that the blame rested with
the Home Office in making regulations
without first consulting those practical
men who were In charge of collieries
every day in llfe%8c<ence and Art
of Mining.
mm or onw. cm or Tou»o. i „
Lucm ooDjmr. (**■
Funk 1. Chenit maknc otth XtmX hi U nmtai
mruier 01 the arm ol r. j. chsi-w * Co.. t*m
bualDMi in lb* Cily ol Tolodo, County ud SUU
tforawUl, tnd that mid am will p»r Uw mm or
ONK HlTNDI-tKl) DOLLARS lor M(b Ud ivtir
it*** ol CArmii that euoot ho euna hy im uh «
■tuvun Sonant Ctittn.
FRANK J. CUtNIY.
.Bwon 10 boron mo ud MhoentM la nr ttantna*.
Wa ith tUy ol Dewn-MT. A. D„ Ull.
.—n*-.. A, W. OLEASON,
i isal } Norm rtmuc -"
iuiii aum cur* n mwo numitr ua nm
iimm tm wood wid mueow nirtom ot Ue
tlced tor tMUmsej
ROhEHALL  SIGNAL  INDICATOR
Discussing the paper on this subject
by Air. Jsmea Black ibefore tbe Mining
Institute   of   Scotland,   .Mr.   Robert
M'Uren, H.M.I.M., said   tbat   while
there was nothing in the act about
hanging tbe bell It was an old custom
which had worked wall In shaft operations.    If a custom had worked well
In tbe past why, be asked, should they
interfere *rith it?  Jle bad imi   tbls
Instrument to a severe test, and so rar
as he knew It compiled with every provision of tbe act   Would it not, bow*
ever, be better for, say, operations in
the shaft If the work were done by
some other method than by mesne ot
signalling?    Mr, Jamea Black observed tbat tbe Indicator be was eahlblt-
lug was quite capable ot doing anything that was required by tbe Code
and tbe 'Mines Act,    Mr. 0. L, Kerr
thought it bad been amply demonstrate
ed that tbla Indicator could give tba
signals required by tbe Mines Aot;
secondly It was non-cumulative, end
tbat was a good point.    It seemed to
bim It would bave bean mors advan
tageous for all concerned had this aad
similar discussions taken place before
dlracUr ui
r. 3. ciHStiY * co„ ToMa, 0
Bold by Ml Drustltti. tie.
witty
Tik*
ky Ml!
Family TOU lot oaMtlptUon.
Canadian
Pacific
Very Low Fares
In connection witb
••• -w^F#ep»^Mew^^r**e   --^F-ewee
EXCURSIONS TO THE OLD
COUNTRY
Dally   Nov. 7th to
Dto. 31st Inol.
Limit five months,
and extension prlvllaita.
FULL INFORMATION rt rail Wli
steamship ttakete from til TWk«t
Ageota, or write—
R. Dawson
District fteoewtsr Af*irt,
Cttgtry Alberta
MM
Your
GimmI H—llh
•flt t# v« -pmmat to
* l**4titt^m*aia* gtat* tt
IKen'-t "IWt fca, wMtb
•••tola* tht tanmU-
rltamm* at tie* limit ta
tMimmat.
Ah*   w  %
•mi. tn
I NOS
I'KtllT
'IWliT SALT
tm laat glimpse I eaaght ef tba bat*
tleflffld at f wss betag taken awsy on
a stretcher waa so terrible tbat I lii
to abet war oytt. Bv*» tbea 1 «otM
net start o« **• ttwtt.1 «ffftfjt, flint*
eem ettm of dead aad iyiag it aay
iKrecUon reu cared to !o<jL It wns
jw« like aa ttrtMaaJm taming e» tM
tbt gravejords aad awatMarioa oC tbo
wort*, fa tkmnb Africa -we taw tbo
dead by tbo aeoce, bet bete yew ate
tbem by tbt bvalwl aod tit tbowe-
attd, a*«l tn one Any am itm flUff **
meet deed lytwg on tbo flaw «• eem
found In Booth Afrka aU through tbe
war.
Tbe ekbealag bemr of tlw wbete
thing la so terrible tbat I mm Mbttt-
tt the Otitwa cm auad tt
viaetdtbatt
A fow wotlct' rtit from Bmintii it
Glacier Park or the Coast
:r
.»ii».
y« *'«
"*"t 4-1? *'"".'*. "'J'   "**•■'   "• ••*•»» in v*t nt,,****" at.*** •»*
Had, take aulckeet rente aaat ut meet, via the Qrttl
ttailway Go,
» Hour* Fandt to Idbttlt
34 Howi to Vlotorfc
»H©wratoVMoo«nr
Direct connections al Rexf ord f or East A Wott
Tea win tftjoy til lit wmfort of «oot mslira ndm* etttm
meat Courteous aad sfficUat tuu.pb.yss wOl uaka your trip
»tt#
ticket*
let ew taM»
^•i* twmnf* ^fif^f^iifctf-iii wpyftf wi
«leAe MANNf A09ft*
( g^^,,,, mt, mm.n- am*
Vm^wl wm^twmKtmtwmmtm r*wptf *mm
&
*\
.
{*
S in*. S "1W41'' '"^3
V
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 28, 1914
PAGE FIVE
?y<4
j&%$
News  of The  District Camps
-A-'-'i
.«•
X
it)
*l
\.
COAL CREEK NOTES
S
«
j
I
In order to eaualize the time of
those working in the mines the company puts out a notice .when the men
liave to change around.
A runaway occurred on tlie outside
incline of B 'North wblch swept away
the lower portion of the snowohed.
Fortunately there was nothing more
serious than a few badly damaged
■cars.
' .The election of miners us members
of the Board of Examiners for Coal
Creek will take place on Saturday,
December 12th, 1914,
Application forms for tho above may
•lie obtained of the secretary, Chas.
O'Brien, Coal Creek.
No miner will be entitled to vote
unless he can produce a certificate of
competency.
Mrs. Quayle ot Michel, who has been
very 111, is spending .a few weeks with
-her brother and sister, Mr. and iMrs.
-Mark Branch.
Joe Wilson returned to camp from
the hunting field -bringing back various trophies.
Kour of our local sports atter having been out in search of game found
themselves in the vicinity of Hosmer
-depot, hut iwlth four hours to wait for
the train. They prepared to make
themselves comfortable, but an over-
zealous official turned them out and
locked the door. Query—What ls the
object ot waiting rooms it it is not
for the -convenience of passengers?
,Mrs. G. Fearson and daughter left
camp on Tuesday morning en route
to the "coast where Mr. Fearson has
obtained work.
" The officials of the Coal Creek Col
llery asseambled Sunday afternoon in
fhe Super's office to bid farewell to
Wm. Wilson, pit boss at N'o. I North,
and to present bim 'with a token of
esteem prior to his leaving -camp to
take up similar duties at Ladysmith.
The presentation took the form of a
gold hunter watch with high-grade
Brandt movement^ suitably Inscribed.
Accompanying the -watch-was TTianiF
some locket .fob, also inscribed. Supt.
Caufield made the presentation in a
neat little speech nnd William responded, Several others also expressed
themselves and ihe singing of "For
lie's a Jolly Cood Fellow" brought the
proceedings to a termination. AVe
may remark that Mi's. Wilson und
family took up their abode at Ladysmith during tbe spring, having purchased a ranch there.
-The Census Committee have -been
around tor names and nges ot the
children of the camp prior to the Annual Christmas tree.
Some twenty young friends ot Mlsa
Dora Boardman assisted her to celebrate her birthday on Friday last.
A quiet wedding waa solemnized in
Ferule on Tuesday lust, the contracting parties being David, the eldest son
of Mr. and Mrs. Dave SMarfcin, and
Isabella, the eldest daughter of -Mr.
nnd Mrs. Mark Branch, the oil can
brigade turned out in force and had
to be aippeatwd with tho "dough" bo
foi't> peui'f i-'oulil hu restored. The
iiuivly married couplu will reside In
Coyote Street. Wo wish thom long
life and happiness. *
ing it over for the r.dvice of our District Officers.
The "finance committee failed to
carry out the .Local's wishes. The
Examining Committee reports as follows: "That they have examined all
working places, roadways, airwaysand
all old workings available, and found
same in perfect condition and free
from gases in both mines. Signed,
John R. McLeod, Bmil Vihanty, Nov.
13th."
. iThe  report   was  accepted iwithout
comment.
-New business brought forth the resignation of one ot the pit committee,
which was duly accepted, and the vacancy filled.
A good deal of discussion took place
upon tbe question of Issuing relief, a
number of appeals being received. Apparently some of them seem to miss
the point for which we are organized.
■Some questions were asked concerning the report which appeared in last
week's Ledger re the Patriotic Heliet
Fund, and it was again drawn to their
attention that needy cases would be
attended to. But it must ibe obvious
from their balance sheet that their efforts will be limited. We are waiting
the result of the Executive Board's
scheme and bave appointed a committee of six, consisting of various
nationalities to gather data and to cooperate with the District Officials.
A rather serious fire broke out in
Maple Leaf about 7.20 a.m. on Thursday which completely wiped out 'Mr.
J. B. Rudd'-s store. Thanks to a number of willing helpers, and the coolness
of Scotty Ferguson a serious conflagration was avoided. The damage is
estimated at about $5,000, which is
covered by insurance to the amount of
$1,600. ,
'Bill Curran, who. was baching on
the second storey of the store lost all
his belongings.
A Slavonian miner had the -misfortune to get his head badly < injured
whilst engaged in drawing pillars in
N'o. 2. He is reported to he progressing favorably.
-.Air. Young, of Frank, was holding
down the iMethodist nulnlt here .an
Sunday.
Tommy iMarsh's basketball recruits
put one over the Bellevue contingent
on Thursday.
Mr, Tom Be"eson, late manager of
the Liquor Store here, is having rather
an eventful career whilst serving his
•country.
Quite a number of students have enrolled for the technical school classes.
LOST—A gent's signet ring, bearing
the "Eagles" Inslgna. Anyone returning aame to Mr. J. R. McLeod, or to
Cole'a Pool room will be amply rewarded.
took an active and. creditable part in
the debate. The affirmative was awarded the verdict
The annual meeting of tihe ratepayers takes place on Monday next ln the
council chambers, when the various reports will be submitted.
The school board held a meeting in
the school room. Monday evening for
the purpose of enrolling those who
intended taking up the classes.
Vice-President Graham left Tuesday
for Brazeau.  *
While prospects for work are looking brighter in some quarters, they are
the reverse in others. N'o. 2 mine ot
the International Coal Co. started on
Monday morning, when some 20 men
.were started, while on the other hand
about 50 men were laid off at McGillivray Mines.
MICHEL NOTES
PASSBURG AND VICINITY
The regular meeting of Passhurg
Local Union *was held Monday evening
at 7.110 p.m. Through non-attendance
no business could be transacted.
The technical school opened here
Monday night and a large number of
miners' enrolled for instructions in the
various classes. -Mr. J. Thomas and
N'at Howells are the instructors.
Brother J. Loughran. secretary or
Beaver Mines Local, was a visitor at
Passburg Monday last. He stated that
times were as monotonous in his camp
as they are around here.
We are pleased to report that the
majority of the miners who were
thrown out of employment some time
ago through the closing down ot No.
1 Seam have been given employment
in 4 Seam. There are ivbout twenty-
five or thirty men who are still Idle.
■At n regular meeting of Local 2829
which took place Sunday Inst at Maple
Leaf. Jt seems that some of the members expressed themselves almost at
a standstill, some of them stating that
theyjlid not have any_3rQgj&innA4n
The mines are working the morning
shift steady here at present, which
means some can get three shifts per
week, ani some more.
The local relief commute are still
on their legs giving a llttte relief to
tnose with l&rge families. A big donation was received from T. Baton Co.,
Winnipeg, iu the shape of advice and]
sympathy. Possibly, when times are
normal our people will remember that
the tradesmen of this town have helped very materially during these hard
times, and give them (the local tradesmen) like they do "Timothy" the benefit of a few cash transactions. The
locnl merchants havo done their share
and done it nobly, and the least we can
do is to ibear these facts in mind.
Born—To iMr. and Mrs. Wm. Lord, a
daughter.
A very successful dance and supper
was given in Cra.lian's Hail last Monday evening, under the auspices of the
Ladies' Local Relief Fund. The proceeds will be devoted to providing
boots for the needy ones.
The much-talked of mining class was
started last week in the old band room,
J. "Wylie is, the instructor anil we understand that the class will lie held
twice n week.
♦ <>
LETHBRIDGE NOTES
Work at the mines is goiug full awing just now with considerably more
men then ever employed before. Yet
It is impossible to give work to a
greater number of men, who in some
Instances have been hanging around
the mines and asking for work ev-jry
day for some time. Old hands, however, are receiving the preference.
A special meeting of Local 574 was]
Jifd^at_-wlilch--fi*«s!dsn4-ililiiiiips--flt=
WHEN  THE  WAR  GOD CALLS
The mater • discovered tbe other
evening that the grocer hadn't brought
tbe tea she had ordered and that there
wasn't even a ■"pinch" left in the canister.
Of course, not having any tea In
the house, our thirst for tea developed
abnormally. So I went to a neighbor's kitchen to borrow some ten.
•Why, Pauline!" 1 exclaimed. "Why
are you crying? Aren't you feeling
well?"
"My man," she sobbed. "My man
—he go to the war."
My neighbor and 1 looked at each
other. Here was unsuspecting tragedy. ,
"Why, 1 thousltt your husband -had a
good job here and you were getting
along fino, Pauline," said my neighbor.
"We was," sobbed lhe .woman, "and
my olsiest girl was to go to the high
school nntl .we was beginning lo save,
and now he say, 'I go.'"
"But he doesn't have to go," 1 urged.
"What can you say to a man?' sue
cried, "lie make up his mind and lie
say lie go. What can a woman do,
even his wife?     lie go."
"1 tell him there aie the children.
They need food. They need clothes.
They need a place to live. I say, 'Forget me, your wife, but think of the
children.'"
"He say, 'you must get along. If
you cau not, there are the chanties.
They will'give bread and coal.'"
"Wasn't your husband naturalized?"
asked my neighbor.
"We only here three year," answered -Pauline. "He belong to the army.
He must go back. He say he coward
if he not go -back. 1 tell him he coward to go and leave his children. He
say the charities will help us. unari-
ties! 1 want no charities. 1 want
my man. .My children want their father. And many there are such. ...The
men they must go. What matter the
woman and the old ami Uie children?
Tliev_jin__iinil   thev   till*,   tnaylig-^tti^
In the district of Magdeburg, Germany, the Socialist party membership
was 2S,642. There are now not oo
many. Nearly otic-third—9,162—were
called upon to serve In the armies. A
census is being taken at present by
the Socialists of the whole of Germany
to learn how many of their party mem
bers were sent to the front.
lt is reported from Berlin that the
Bavarian War Minister, in view of
ihe attitude of the Socialist party, has
issued instructions that the distribution of Socialist newspapers among
the troops i* not to be prevented as.
heretofore.
55125
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy in our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the -ends of thu
earth and you kuow you're secure.   The best in
FIRE INSURANCE
is always cheapest, and especially so -when lt doesn't cost
higher. Don't delay about that
renewal or about tbat extra insurance you want but come right
in a,t once and have lt attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
FERNIE, B. C
T. W.  DAVIES
Funeral   Director
and     Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN     RM'D*NB%VT4°6NE l4»     ALBERTA
■.ji
■Ml
<  .""SJHa
COLEMAN NOTE8
f
♦
iKLLKVUC N0TI8
The regular meeting of Local 431
convened as usual with the president
in the chair supported by an unusually large trow A. The first business
waa'tho electing of a secretary, owing
to Brother Burke   twin*   Indisposed.
Before ths adoption of tbe minutes
n good donl of discussion took pises
In which a number of those not present at oor previous meeting joined,
concerning the scheme presented by
the District Officials. The trend ot
the remarks appeared to detract from
lb* unanimity «* 'reported last week,
but aa ares explained, the scheme was
out of our hands tind we should have
The regular meeting of Local 2633
waa held In the Opera House Sunday
last, pro. R. Morgan, president, In the
chair. The mluut-ss of the previous
meeting were read ami adopted. It
was decided to leave the appointment
of foreign scrutineers In thn bands of
the local secretary. A circular from
International with reference to the
Mine Workers' .lournul und Its new
form of publication was read, also the
synopsis of the last Kxerntlve Board
.Meeting.
The Freemasons held a farewell so-
tiiil and dance on Thursday evening
In honor of the 1>oy* who were leaving
Friday morning to join the Pincher
Creek contingent In Calgary, During
ihf mui-jug «'4i-)i ui in* bo)» was presented with a pipe, pouch and tobacco.
A dance concluded the proceeding*.
Jack McAlplue. Charile Ouimette,
DIckiMakln. ll. Armstrong, and fl, Oan.
tilng left on Friday morning (or Calgary where they Joined the contingent
from Pincher Creek.
•The Coleman Town Baud held a
hard times ball on Friday evening last
in lite Opera House which waa well
patroRlxcd. everything being free
Wm Haltlm left Tuenday for iiU old
the house and that the store-keepers
had refused to give them credit.
The following letter iwas received ln
answer to our appeal:
"Thos. G. Harries, Esq., Secretary.
"Dear Sir and 'Bro.--l have your favor of November 11th. I appreciate the
very poor work which you have ibeen
having for sometime and 1 know how
hard the conditions must be because of
no work. We would be glad to help
you if we had funds available at thin
time. You know, however, we have
a strike on In Colorado and Eastern
Ohio, and elsewhere, where thousands*
ot men have heen on strike for many
months. They and their families are
being taken care of by the International Union. It Is taxing our financial
resources to the utmost to take care of
them each week and month, lu fact,
we have had to borrow a great deal ot
money in order to feed them each
week. For that reason at the present
time I am forced to ndvlso that It I.s
impossible for us to help you. 1 uln-
cerely hope that conditions will Improve within the very near future *im!
that work will start up In your local.'
Ity. With best wishes, Yours iriily,
IV, ilrceii, Sec-Treasurer."
While reading through the columns
nf the Ledger last week we noticed
that a number of locals throusho tt Ihe
District had given the scheme or suggestion outlined by the -District Kxe-
cul Ive Board their earnest ana most
careful consideration anil finally t*t*.
(UtA thst It was Impracticable, with-
OH
tended, the object of the meeting being to discuss the proposed scheme
submitted by the Executive Board regarding the unemployed. The proposition wub thoroughly discussed, but
was disapproved of by the majority.
Vice-President Graham was here for
three days ot last week assisting Secretary .-Moore in organizing. "
The City Police made a clean sweep
of the booze which wns held ln preparation for a wedding which wa,i held
nt the home of George Kortnas, He
was charged with having Intoxicating
liquor for sale on his premises.
•.Mrs. G. Johnstone wus suddenly taken 111 qu Saturday night nnd on the
doctor being celled in he pronounced
her sickness to be appendicitis. She
wus tuken to the Gait Hospital and operated upou. Tbls i» n rather distressful ease, the husband having been
out of work for aome time and there
being six little children to provide for.
The St .Basil Separate School will
be opened to receive pupil* on Nov,
'Ml. Tbr official opening will not Luke
place until December 5th.
they die; my father died so and my
oldest brother; every family lose men
iu old country wars. We come to a
land of peace. And yet our men go
back to fight.     Is it God's will?"
"It Isn't God's will," said my neighbor.
"No," Bald I.—Daily Province,
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL    HOUSE-	
' Best Accommodation  In the  Paaa.—•
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience.--
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
M
.All
mi
A HUNDRED YEARS AGO—
AND NOW
But a brief century ago Kurope wai:
the battlefield of a gigantic contest
for commercial supremacy. The competitive nature of Capitalism drove tlve
manufacturing classes of France to attempt the subjugation of tbe entire
continent, that they might secure exclusive commercial rights. The treaties that Napoleon forced on Italy und
I'riiMslii- are ample evidence- of this, as
In each case stipulations were made
that the defeated nation should not
trade with Groat Britain, but must
Hive prance the preference. Swung
Into power by the revolution of 177!»-
1so", th«> bourgeolse proceeded to teUt-
biuli' the isvent by plmiKiiig JCurope
into a bloody war.
Pa-fclo Igleslun, tlie one Socialisti »'»tlstlc|giig over that alx inillloii
uiem!«i<r of lb* Spattl*h Parlla-snr.t. \^w* were lout, either by bullH, bayo-
wus naked lo n capitalist dallv pit-.".- J BCl <«•■ dlsoase during the Napoleonic
•t. Madrid in state ills puattlou on iimi *««■''- T,1>'* «Urti«ll»»» enlUroued U-
nuestlon of neutrality and wnr, nml «. «*" wcompanlwl by the sounds of)
piled: ixhot and ultfll anil the means nt thone
; mndn miserable
j   .Today Kurope   Is   once more the!
| theatre of war, Ui«< iiioul colonsat of all
!history.     Million* of men firmed iil'h
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
"As a member of the BotialWt party,
tbe General Union of Workers and the
] Soclallat-ltepubilcaii Alliance,   I   am.
,llke them, ft jmrtlaiin -of neutrality.   , , .  ,  .   .
making.nn? oCfort tu wtlly *»\nnA. like them nlso. consider th.«t|,,he most modern engliii^ <* destroe.
adjust the proposition. A« we nrder-j j,|ialIl 0ttghi not to abandon the pod-
stiod the effort made by o^.r offt^r*. n»i poaitiou so long as the integrity
tt waa not a permanent Initltution orj0f bor territory Is reapected. If this
fund, bai for temporary relief during]tM^nty should be violated, I think
tho*# adverse limes,   We re*.!:*! that.hat It'would be the duty of every
| tion ari» slaughtering each other.  Thi™
i manhood of Ivtirope is threatened wlUt
| annihilation.
j    For why?
<    Home nay the whole responsibility
no labor union Is. or eror will he, in * j g)wn,".rrt \'QAeh-nA .Twithnrm* In hl» j ™i$t "I!" '** K4»'^r: 0,,H'r! m\ u '"
IMisltlon to cope successfully with thi ,ia„a I *m to Russian Intrigue; and nguln wo
unemployed problem, but whether the     i^,.,^ aiH-«,-„,«,„.„. „ .„>„., J>'ar tm Kn*'1"", im ,',*vwl> """
'   *Met>l»l add* significantly, if snjone ,r,m, t0 rort,(4 „,„ Utui of o,.rm,nv
in the Hpanish government »tiouid »l*,m %m $u ,„„ |hwby mi), ,, ,,in.
u-ii.pt to posh the country into -v-ar lie
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house trom cellar to garret and at bottom prices,   H-ill, write,  pboit* or wtr»>     Ul ord-rr* glTCtt
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tsll others.   If net satisfied, tsll us.
■aawauswmi
Coleman
Alberta
prop* iIt Ion of assisting one sniliti-1*
feasible or not, this mu»t aiw»y« .Impend upon ihe principles ot onr f>At*
ft*
fhmiM be thrown from hint petition.    ■
Rt rou« eompetlutr
low men.    (!midltio«. hav. fceer»...|.;    m, ^ ^ mitt   ar4J   ml(rrim
to abide toy i*» eUtm ot the majority, j hQm JB WajMt wft(!rt „„' mmAn „ J ^4i^^lj^M«Joy ^^ \ ttmtiy onammni of the war. parti. ,
Corrmtpondenco wa» received from
the lH-Uttkl *itA Int-fiitatiunai r*n-.d-
ing ibe nlectlom, also from latter concerning the <Mln# workers' Journal,
whlrh hat been enlarged and will ap-
>i<T In uottsutlue form printed lu three
different languages, 'The change will
no doubt he welcomed.
iVih .uul.' V" lur. 'i'Ai ',:.". * j^i.,'
which wilt o&t- i-j(i'#ptJ«« was *eUI«d
•atUfaetorilv that belnt tke nt***-
tion of tho maximum amount of pow-
der to ■!»■* used In the rhnrging of   n
,*^*. «■»„,.    . l*. **t*9ttm MIrWttk fMMMtl <aH*«
cares to assume the responsibility ot
, the "edlut,' and as thoso who tr* most
familiar wltk Its «se to this partlcwlar
Mino were not consulted, wn nre turn-
reside in the future.
Horn   To Mr. and Mrs, Allan, Went
<'o'fman, a non.     Mother and iIkI'I
doing well,
A billiard aud U»*liu« tournament
seems reasonable that we intuit *lint*l
U;',, In ib*  utittiii-* «nd mantHa-rnir-
th** »ott or pay a »matl pw^ntsg*
our earning* to l-toose who are In distress.
f I thg district*.     !«*!.- t. iH.rli. tint*** mn '
|1 miltfls IHlU- «<(*» towll tin- initial
I »l*p.    Mwin'T or inter it k-id t*.» mint'
■ Ts* -   ".-it  mmb»r-.'»*•*■ :'.,u.  laUrii.;   ,i.
*» raids have btn-u made by lhe uueto*
ployed upon thi- pre nerve* of IjiihI"!
properdin.   Tin- Uu<r too* not b*»J-
will tie started nhortly In Orskam'sj^ ^^^^__^__    n*"*'' '« •"*»•<* wl attnM* in
Vmi Ktwm.    Tiirlujs, geese, thicken*
and fttmr* will ttt* tm*** t**t* i******-*
Tb* nnbtt-ri for deliale at tb* 1M*r-
ari clubs meet lug .Monday night In tbe
InititathiMl Churrh wss, "Is Wsr Ins*
tSli-ayt?.'*' .Mtt»ri*. F4irlmr»i, llec* »nd
flcott took tbe negative, whito Mr.
Hurry Clark, Jr, eM t.-ttiltinet-fm tw*
Uie affirmative, fir. Connolly being sn
absentee. Iom# ieieresilng nod in-
sintriive nrgpments were pnt np on
both sides, bnt the most pleaslim feature mnn the presence of two boys who
MIU.Cftt«T NOTES
*eeret«ry A. I. Carter was u visitor
ln camp two days lust w«w>k.
■n.m ,* M-awot-r ol teen pay rttp* <*rer*
•ye*em 'U'st-'-if'tin In ,»;..
tKttuon mn the wi«-nuii>' methods «f
»production have a«lv;ifi'-»«t. ban tiftw
; i-f.-.rhf-fi thnt point wln-r.   ]t thriMtHi*
! th«» wholo »o<iaf swperxtrtif tiire.
drlv*      Mufore th* outbreak of bo«ti.!ltl*'» the
2 \enny the hungry, *-ml*er*.    In »ev«?rai'... .......      , ,*
„..**„*,* ft*******  itmur*  umxtt XtthtiU . ^.ry,^^   „■•.,*,   ,.,*,»,.,v,, mh,      »•       <  .*'
a,'*'1'   ''''" ["x   '  '    •*"""■*" ""^ ****M- (»,,.,,.« -VTnmtt'nttfir «V'f Hi''- I'.mW- cf!
■H,      Tfe  iwtmw-M ullimii    «*|I1W. \tw.   Mine*. »Ule«n4 fart-orl**!
^»fomewbat MlonsiH *«imfl atam*. aw- be* _,„-
i *ere
Imt taken to rwliete dHtricts to some
•stent.™-<Mevel*ntt f'ltitcn.
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Phone 25
■Tit* Qustllty Stor«H
Blairmore, Alta.
closed  tlawB  and  ih*  already
lara*' army of nnomnloyed swollen to
tm«i   .,»,...,,,*,*,,, ti,    ... *       •
* tttmamy tntmam* mean* that OeoO-ja,, i-uomtfliu mmxlm of ptrwimi* t**n
flotation of the nslionai;^ fc, 4 ^r«*itlr rtasa eagerty »<-*rch-
Ing the *or. I for irarkets lo dl«n<»«i»
1 Integrity" of suffering among the poor,
tn whlrh *** "violation of tbe national Integrity
usssswesa*
*- m utittlKMinfflrdtlii *
ALUM
oXrM&M*%itE* 9
BAKING POWDER
banded out on Saturday.   i|.i»«ewrth#'J**1* }° *
bar seemed to be going goon
•As tbo result of * fracas -_.
the knife played quite a pert, •eturtll'0 w-* lh" wr»s **wr,!* l» W" »»d
men at* under medlra) irwiment. and!mm *** h»B«*r »*M*»«d workers."
other* nr* rrrfo* tft.< -ur•oll^u.t.»ll{olt',,w'M,'*, fc(* "h,pi*fi 'n 1 "''f"''-^-.   *■:
i'i* national ln:e«rity" *hff»by »r*n
*.-■ differ   ,km of n,l!<»»; imetrlty" j-nr-ittlnt'^f,,;, ,
•t»*r*'bl11   '** f*^**t»rt,»n* bittm.et thflr rhiln«ju ,j„i ,
ot tbem: •>■» tu* «»lk*»>r a -rati tmni* etl
hntisTy beinjK who wlilly produced!
of tb. local coop,   AfTalr* of this uort
**» r*nr" *vonA ua t*.u: a.,*. ...:.- ...
the globe than this •id*-.   Tn* tfrd.it.
there would, wo dowM. h*
|e»t ia wkat It will be b*r*
tktMg-a»d
Via%*- tin; '
Tbe»e  •*•
*»•■>•• ti0»t tm   *  »
l»o»ofmW#"{ h*r* St N mmm*!.
Ht      I     U Jl»P-
iag t*
ft )*«*! s inmew-'m of %*sm
tt*n t* b# in
, .»,^Jas0UiitAtimi%m^ewiliJii a^"
■r-wmtm*
Shi/oh* Gun
( m',*.* »l,*> mre the i»ro*<tiwf et btm*
• |M«-r-t*y     IV ttif'ft,, nl ib-' norklng
rf»»«  K  nt*t   t   '*\'i*f '•<■' r-  ij;; i;it,L,*i
j i '.ttttitkmittm. bat t* *orM«w!de t'apt-
t.i*'--m. h<'n-f I'm- ".Lit tit I * 'A tg 1*
ii«*i   Tiiettniof
i,; .* nennxn
lh* t'i rtJi JV
•',*, i '*-. -. ,i «i,-i-
v. tbt* V'-rtorte
•f itoekay Tetm nr*
11*11
the »!>.,
■fomm>»-
IN   In* ••
tb*  '•• *
| ft-*    ■
*-♦ f    '
thl *
It*  t'.
tel  -'
ilbt v ,
■itrt* in n**A et tb«-m, tutti
, imn ft * ting power.
>..(}*',*f*e*   e.»««Nf  **!»»  •*■*? ■
'. • mi'l »t * ft Tta'i ytt »•'
,t,i rtptode If tbt*r* it no
. ht tt,Ai)*,i,i, in t'it-4p*iit*',
. :.( X. «t ,» iwfd.-'y <nl»*> lrt(
»• -»'i »»all#-t f»r tits- B«rt»Si»;
-      11a*   "It   -Ptp'.o* * * tie'
ft     9)  1*9  «•♦»*•«   t"  ,*   t* X, *',   *
:n has be i tir*4, *V !■»*•'
' !' '!   ,1'TII *' «     '"•-,' I
--'*j!f1ir.!E T     I,,, t ,-j »:..   ,.,,
■*Ut<   *'   -it C-.-Vl »*i,*r*»,, MV
*tnr* t't- 't*i' I* %**it <""' -
, ha* **►•» Ikriedl t**.i ,
ot ttm*.
teckie Mine Shoes, Invictus, Regal and K Mttkt
Fine Shoes.
(In\\ nnd l-nn^ri *„tr rr^jnlrtr lift t*f Ti*l\, li*J-li„i
nnd Carpet 8Upp#rs ior tntb, women *ntl cbUdrcn.
Child *t htavy Felt, JtA'Jier sole, «iikk strap Slipperi
from 3ft pair.
71:",;.: j .». -.*»**»<*«, >»v *«.» * w*i-g**ib.   tio mo oiier-
ing a large shipment of Travellers' Samples tt
Factory eott These include:
Uaies' Waisti from 60 to $300
Ladles' and Children's Coats tnd Sweaters, Avf*.
tkrt Caps, an-d otlur *ool g-ood*
Onr Qrirtry Departntcut ii catu-^ku ^UU Uie vijo»->
est quality goods
APPLES IM BOXES $1 2ft and tl <ft
Choi re Ontario Apples, * . W 50 per barr si
Try :. sack of onr OOLD SBAL FLOUR $* As
Call in ns for Foed Staffs. Wheat Shorts, Bnin,
0«f* and Crushed Barley
REMEMBER OCR ft p < DISCOUNT FOR QASft
The Stor« That 8AVI8 You Monty ^M-ysAX-S •-* '■ »
.isa£..tf\-&        ~ -
P- -**■-* "t;-^ y,if .,.,J
fr^-rvrnff
i,iimt9ti^**^iiti9^sx^m»itsiiifmi^it9i9*ii.
-»rT-r-«r-n
%'A'"'A . '■" ■'-»"*» >- S'A'-**xyi*ny* •""• •■'*!■:'
~,i   ■-   ^ ^- iQk-jpJ&v*,   : * : .*   11 -    ■
,' ».[|t-'-m>i'»'w''' """""Tr*
A' rXi,-.,
wfpR
:^^sK3a!W2!!^*Si»,&.^^^
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 28,1914
•j-*
f
(,'
We invite every Boy and Girl in Fernie to come and see our wonderful display of New Toys
-* ' 7~ " ft      " ' " ' J ■
Dry Goods Dept*
COATING SPECIAL
l-'.xtra heavy mid 56 inches wide; just the thing
for a gooil warm "Winter Coat. Comes in dark
colors in a broken check effect.
Saturday Special $1.25 yard
IDERDOWN WRAPPERETTES
Vi'i-y suitabii' for Kimonas. Dressing downs. Jne-
Uots, etc     K.xirii soft fleecy finish.     A bis ntugc
of pretty designs to select from.     Rogular 35c yd.
Saturday Special 25c. yard
VIYELLA FLANNEL
Guaranteed ab.solnleiy unshrinkable and fast
washing colors. The best cloth on the market for
children, ladies' and misses' skirts, pyjamas, etc.
A large selection 6f designs to select'from; 31 inches
wide.     Per yard  65c.
BROCADED VELVETS
In a very pretty design. Extra soft chiffon finish. • Cmues in navy, brown, saxe, green, black and
purple.    Regular. $1.25.    Saturday Special . .95c.
SHOE DEPT.
Suggestions for the Early Shoppers
Slippers for all, plain and fancy. Our stock is
complete in this line in cloth, felt, leather aud moccasin. Don't overlook seeing our special assortment.
Hockey Shoes and Skates
Men's, women's and Children's Hockey Boots in
black ami tan leathers, made with lightning-hitch
fastenings; strong and serviceable boots.     Prices
from $2.25 in youths to $5.00 in mens.
Skates
We have a larger and better assortment of skates
TO YLAND IS NO W OPEN
All this week while you were awake and asleep the
procession of Dolls, Toy Animals, Toys, and Gaines has
been steadily pouring into our Toy Department Hurrying, Scurrying, Hustling into their proper places.
There is no advance in our toy prices, wonderful
toy values are to be seen. Buy your toys early and
secure the pick oj this great collection,  comprising—
THRONGS AND THRONGS OF DOLLS
CROWDS AND CROWDS OP TOY ANIMALS
STACKS UPON STACKS of MECHANICAL TOYS
TOYS THAT GO AND TOYS THAT DO THINGS
BOOK—G^EAT PILES AND PILES OF THEM
GAMES—Just every Game Imaginable—a wonderful variety.
A  Few   Christmas   Suggestions   In
Our Men's Department
'this season, ranging in prices from 50c. in children's
up to -liii.OO a pair in men's.
Hockey Sticks in Men's and Boys
Prices ranging from Joe in hoys to 00c. in ui«ns
Goal sticks included.
Don't Worry about the Christmas Gifts you wish
to make your friends until the wise ones have picked up the choice of the Christmas suggestions on display in our Men's Department.
BUY NOW
This is good, sound advice, and those who buy
early in the month will agree that early Christmas
shopping means better variety to choose from, butter attention from salespeople who are not rushed
off their feet with the crowds oi late Christmas
shoppers. You have time to look things over and
decide at your leisure what would please the recipient best.
.USEFUL GIFTS FOR MEN AND BOYS
Handkerchiefs
Initialed Silk Handkerchiefs, each 50c.
Initialed Linen Handkerchiefs, 3 for $1.00
Plain Silk Handkerchiefs, each.. 50c. 75c, $1.00
Plain Linen, eaeh25c. 35c. 40c. 50c. and 65c.
Souvenir Silk Handkerchiefs, each . .35c. and 50c.
Mufflers 4   .
Fine Aecordran Knit Silk Mufflers, each $1 to $7.50
Pine Knitted Silk and Wool Mufflers, each 50c to $3
Plain Silk Folding Mufflers, each $1.50 to $3.
Jaeger Wool Knitted Mufflers, each 60c. 75c to $2.
Monarch Wool Knitted Mufflers, each 50c. to 65c.
Neckwear
Just arrived from the East the latest novelties in
Silk Neckwear.
Bcatiful silks in wide flowing end shapes. 65c to $2
Fine Silk Bergaline, in plain colors, 65c.
Also a great variety of effects at 50c. each
A TIE IS ALWAYS ACCEPTABLE
lt will be worth your while to see our display of
II
Men's Coat Sweaters.     Men's Smoking Jackets.
Men's Fancy Mackinaw Coats.     Armbands,
Silk Suspenders in Fancy Boxes.   Fur-lined Gloves
Fine Silk and Wool-lined Gloves,   Men's Silk Sox
Fine Pure Wool Cashmere Sox
Ladies9 Coats
A large assortment of Women's Coats in aii the
leading styles *it n big reduction.     Coats selling
Regular for $40.00 to $50.00 Special $30.08
Regular for $25.00-to $35.00, Special $20.00-
Regular for $18.50 to $22.50 Special ..... .$15.00
Rogular for $15.00 to $17.50 Special $10.00
SATURDAY AND MONDAY SPECIALS
Liquid Ammonia, pints, 2 for 25
Shredded Wheat Biscuits ,2 pkgs 25
Lowney's Cocoa, V* lb. tins ' 20
Snider's Tomato Catsup, pints     .30
MorIc & Glass Custard Powder, per tin .25
Hunt's SI iced'Peaches, l's, 2 tins 25
Hunt's Sliced Peaches, 3's, per tin 30
Hunt's Sliced Apricots, 3's, per tin ■ 30
Valencia Raisins, per lb     .10
Little Herring in Sauce, 2 for , 25,
Sherriff's Jelly Powder; 4 pkgs 25
C. & B. Red Currant Jelly, 1 lb. glass     .25
King Oscar Sardines, 2 for / .    .25
Mince Meat, 2 lbs     .25
Heinz Dill Pickles, 2 doz     .25
TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY SPECIAL ..
Canada First Jam, 5 lb. pails     .60
B. C. Jam, 4 lb. tins >     .60
Red Seal Jain, 5 lb. tins 50
Okanagan Onions, 12 lbs 26
Okanagan Carrots, 15 lbs 25
Okanagan Turnips, 16 lbs     .25
Smoked Hams, per lb 19
Shield Lard, 10 lb. pails  $1.60
Lemon and Orange Peel, per lb 20
'Swift's White Laundry Soap, 7 bars 25
Brown Windsor Toilet Soap, per dozen 25
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lbs 76
Tetley's Special Package Tea, red label, 2 lbs.    .75
PATENT MEDICINE SPECIALS
Seidlitz Powders, per pkg. .. —,     .15
Winslow's Soothing Syrup bottle 20
Zmix Buk, per pkg 40
H31derflonv^r-^rearii-~TTTrTTrrnTTr. —r20~
Hind's Honey & Almond Cream 40
Pepps for Colds ;    ,40
Fruitives, small     .20
Peroxide, small   10
Horlick's Malted Milk, large 85
Chase Linseed & Turpentine 20
The Store of
Quality
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Money Saving Prices
<
COMMUNICATED
To the Kdltor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—in the issue ot your paper
of tbe 21 fit there is a communication
«lgn<»d "Tli© Father of Five, North
Ward' Lethbridge," In which he statfes
he thinks our members ought to take
up tho mattor ot reducing the doctor's
salary. Ko may be a miner and a
member of our Local, of which I nm
vory doubtful, for If ho is he certainly
requires the services ot a -doctor, for
thore in no doubt that he suffers from
some derangement ot his mental faculties. If he works around the mine*
he should look up his statement and
also the agreement we havo with the
doctors ho will learn tbat the the tat
tor reeeiv-os one cent per dollar of the
groti* f-irnilntri-i of all cmplnwpPK, v\A
^-consequently in the summer months,
when we are working half time or less
tbe doctor's remuneration Is reduced
accordingly. Thus If men are only
reeolvlng thirty dollsrs per month the
doctors will receive .thirty cents. This
arrangement was and Is considered
entlsfactory hy most employees. In
most of the other mining camps it Is
a dollar per month, no mutter what
your earnin-ga may be, and If such an
asreenient hud prevailed lt*re per*
hops thero micbt have been n kick
coining, hot n* It stands unless, as
•toted   before,   there   i*   something
At The Orpheum
GEORGE;
KLEINER
riGANT
[SPECTACLE
LAST
DAYS OF
POMPEII
A PHOTO DflAHAIM \ ACTS f  f, I'AKTS
Saturday & Monday
lukt uitttiUiitt, but. U io dlftl-uuii lu \turlv*
In the dark.
Regarding the Workmen's Compensation Act, UiIh Is In the hands or aj
committee of three who are now get.
Ung out some pamphlets on the tnme.
The Premier has given me the assur.
anco tbat something will be done this
session.     The -committee favor
what is doing in your district-so that
ttiere wtll bis a ^renter cohesion In
our work.
In the event of no convention being
held I should like to know whether you
could como to tlie Coast it we required
your uHBintiinco on the' Compensation
Act. It this act should' come up
this year I think the expenso ot your
visit would ba a good Investment for
the miners, for, as you are aware, the
Ontario Act would be a vast Improvement on the present apology.
Truo, even the Ontario Act can
stand Improvement, but so long aa this
system lasts, and the slave stands for
it, we have to try anil Improve It in the
Interests ot a tow, and thus demonstrate our ability to serve the Interests
of the many.
With best wNhff-M
Yours in Revolt,
A .WATCHMAN
Victoria, ». <*.. Nov. 15. mt.
BEBEL
PREDICTED
GERMAN OEFEAT
Tho following translation from a
tho speech of August Rebel in which he
Ontario Act. which is, I belelve, an lm-!predicted the likely outcome of the
provement on the Washington Ad.     present war may prove Interesting:
1 will forward you a copy ot the On- tt may he Interesting to recall now
»»rlo Art. and sny suggestion* yoa what was *ald fourteen y«>sr» ago
can offer, bearing on your Industry,; about the present Ku rones n war by
will b«» appreciated. Th* unemployed' August Rebel, th* famous Herman p*r-
question I have taken up with thellsmcntarlan and leader of the Boelal
wrong wiui the mental faculties of the j.f00,jer m &te*t occailoas, and with, Democratic Party, who died laat year,
writer of laat week* lett*r. there Is no Vottfr of nilljm 28# ma a committee! In his speech tn the Reichstag in IM0,
oocaslon to complain. My advkc to iu victorta. I have »poW#n at a public i be totetolA that the future wsr of Ger-
"father of Five" Is to Immediately mestf0g and will speak at ona tonight,! many would be disastrous for her,
seek tbe advice of a nmkkllst, k* „hlcb 1 will try snd hav* reported lo tTbts apeetb was published In booklet
■certainly most require his assistance!,,,,, *^***ttr,mt,t mMirM****<**.>*■***** x
•nd adviee. i fttjmi us that when ihe iwunWtoaMil**'   '"The wsr Iwtwwn sav two wrwtt
H«Mr» truly.
h MOORB.
Her. Locsl hU.
tmitiwi
FEDERATION OP LAiOR
are unable to relieve distress, tbe gov.. Knropesn powers." ssld Bebel, "will
eminent wtll step tn.    They are now utmost automatically bring about a
spending money in Uistmt £■*. nueto ■ g«n«r»l Kuropesn war/
thay have started a quarry and aro;   What would happen to Of many in
f»*^4nf tmm*. tmt* ot *otb e wnr it -Knirtsro! wtmiA
Now. If there are any r**wi of dis-'join tho enemtps of OfttiMiBjrf    To
tress in your distrSrt, get *ft#r the -this question Rebel gavo aawser ss
We bare beon banded the follow-
in* Itettar wbleb will, no doubt, prove
ef interest ta thos* wbo aro interested
ia wbat tbe Federation ia doing for or-
gai»*«*a »»toor in this pnintu*.
T* W  I*
IS, I'  iM   W. of A.
Clear Sir and Bro—YeM to hand of
Kov«««*r NHV, re Rr«k*r Umor,
f bavo written tryUig to get the true
lotto ot tlio caso, and would consider
government «hd let me know the re-
suit.
Uollavo me I more loan appreciate
tba difficulty tbat now confronts y%n; j
follows:
Tbt German navy, however powerful, will be destroyed by tbt superior
«nglltll fleet. Another cooaeqwsc*
nt ib* net will tm a loss to (toman?
"A war with Russia and France In
alliance with England will bring about
a complete destruction ot^Gurmany's
might. It ls the desire of Russia and
France that Germany should enter
Into a war with England. Then the
ambitions of both those countries
could be accomplished, France would
recover Alsace-Lorraine, and parhaps
the left bank of the Rhine, <wblle Russia would be able to fulfil her aspirations of rounding up her Polish pos-
esslons and obtaining tlie estuaries of
the Nleman and Vistula, and some other havens,
"In the future war," warned tha Socialist leader, "Germany will not ba
able to score victories so easily at
some newspapers and school text
books Indicate. The same superior!-
\y over Vtit tsvtKiy that>* hail In 181ft
now is an absolute Impossibility. -Both
countries have nearly equal numbers of
soldiers, and quantity ot arms. Tbe
future war will most likely resemble
a struggle in which the adversaries
win over each other alternately. It
will be mutual sucking of blood to the
last drop, 'salgner a blanc,' as Bismarck had called it.
"Tbe above picture shows but one
side of tbe shield; tbe other aide is the
condition of iho people during the
war. Tbe latter will paralyse trade
and Industry .and stop all eiporu. in
tbo present economical sit us tion, Germany cannot -tatst without eaport. As
a result there will be an awful unemployed problem all over the oountry.
Resides, imports will <be slopped, too,
and without imports. Germany eannot
**l*t       TX** *n*t *t ll*im*t arttt  t-n-mn
op, and general want will «pmd
throughout the country."
Tbere la no need to add tbat tbe
above predictions of August Oebel art
being fulfilled now to a great ettent.
people of all the world tn eaeb an enormous quantity that tbe general military staffs of all tbe belligerent eoun-
tries, together witb the heads et auch
"industrial" enterpriiee ta Krupps,
Nobel, Viekere, Armstrong, Croasot.
etc, could be easily drowned is U.
Vn Aotibt btiA lh* n*rmnn p^opr*
■wid mews atteatkm to tbe mmebm ot
the oW turner, Rebel, tban to tbe
FERNIE METHODIST CHURCH
Itev. W. T. Young, of Frank, will
preach in this church on Sunday next,
November 29th, which Is anniversary
Sunday. iMr. Young Is well known
In the iPasa having distinguished himself in bis work among the non-Bngllsh
speaking people. Worship at 11 a.m,
and 7.30 p.m.; Bible class and Sunday
school at 2.30 p.m. On Tuesday will
be the Anniversary Dinner which promises to be a great success. Prayer
meeting and cantata practice Thursday evening. Choir practice Friday
evening.
KNOX CHURCH, PERNIE
Sunday, Nov. 2».—11 a.m„ "Submission": 7.80, "Patriotism"? 2.30, fktnday
school. Wednesday, 7.30 p.m., Prayer
meeting. Thursday, 7.45 p.m., Thoughtful Workers. Friday, 7.30, choir practice.
Dr. Ludwig Frank, wno waa killed in
a battle at Luneville, was one of tbe
best Socialist orators and writen In
Germany and wai alwaya tn demand
it party demonstrations.
THE CORPORATION OP THE CITY
OP PIRNII
COURT OP REVISION
Public notice la hereby ftven that
a Court ef Revision for tba purpoee
of correcting aad revising tba Municipal Voters' List of tba City of fernie,
B* C. hv tho year IOW* will be held
Ut tbe Council Chanter af the City
. n..»i   ♦*•*■,*••».»>.   .*- «h*..,•,.-,»■•,..   •«., "["'-i*-
I dar W meainber. 1914. at tbe boor of
IM ocicwa tn tae evening.
ARTHUR J. MOTPATT,
City Clerk.
Dated at Fernie, B.C, tkte Ntua-
t^wtb dar of NoT-mtHf. A.D. IfM.
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's Leading Picture Theatre
FIRST IN EVERYTHING WORTH  WHILE
•mrtemmn
FRIDAY, 27th, PINAL   INSTALLMENT OP
LUCILLE LOVE  of MySery
Tba Crash!    Spectacular race between auto and motor cycle, aborning both going over the tm foot cliff.
WATCH POR NEXT BIO SERIAL
8PIOIAL-8aturday Matlnoa & Evanlng
WAR PICTURES
DIRECT FROM THI FRONT
tlie punUoii, in vtos ut m.»fk» t «.o».»i.
Phmips, President District tions. Is oue not w be regarded lightly, or all ber colonies Immediately *fter
anil on* ** xb« thing* thai, to* »¥er»g*tthi» Oeciaratitm ol war."
worker does not take into considers-; Aa la Rebel's opinion, la oaae af bastion If, bawewr, I can b* ot any as- tliitJee between Germany aad Knglaad, -«—.■—« «r .u -mi.i—
ststaaee to rou you might let me know.! the latter would be necesaarRy Joined ^Ttt!,!Tr!! ZJmtJu^t
I should like to know wbat you think j by Japan, -Germany win lose aB ber | "*"** _2f?'71JT t1^!! , .?u!!
» . faeor tf |~ wlii aai »e ful. p» of • eemmttm thi* year ? tie* of the I caioa^e i. the far east, wMA «jt a. | *B,^*JJ ZbS^Smlr
XKMM'iii iWfctriHHMuw.   bUtk-u** retaia u»tt-WisiHsa>» m> moth tvetiUe aa« **■-. .     .    ..    ..   . A ..   .
ttealare. i base e«*a H*»»«*r, but be
Utetwtt -tm tbat Umor waa ta tba
Imada of tbe military authorities, f
jgwawftttet tb«s to aee If wa eaa 4o
mKHWtm HI aa far bare aa reply.
H9«, if yaw flwe «a eome faete ta
conditiona generally t think It will be
a difficult matter lo get delegates to
attend, t bave written tbe vfea-pren!-
tent* aleac tMa line ta aseartala<*hat
tbey deetre.   It waaM help ssatters
•»a**li,ll*i*^yM'^|-y      Iff     J      |*^iU      fe*      bmM^m-^^t     j^f
cowmetswiy ii • cweie. ee HSiwrsww m
pease.
"But the third and worn* conseqa-
•ace ef lhat war," contlnaH IMbH.
-will ba Un lose at oar mmmsrrlat
fleet aai of all tie trade iwtfeata.
wbleb will be setae* by Radaa*.
iuto tba bloodieet war of aB tiasea.—
P. Tara, Br., Toronto, Ont.
Don't forget tba PbOharmoale eoa*
f "rt oa -Sunday neat at 14$ fua. fa
tbe Ma ftoatre.
PERNIE WHOOL EOARD
Tttmat
AR yaraaaa having aa aeeaant af-
aiast t&e FetttU ickoot Board are r«-
quieted te bare tbe tame la beads of
tb* Ammtmy <**>■■ Ut«r ihne .Tueeaay,
tba 1Mb amy af December, 1W4.
I  fl WC1WN,
Secretary.
Hfrt. f. *0SS
mm    a »    ■lianm   AAmmi^m   tUA  BAmM^^m Jk<^m
mppfflin^ FuppfWa mm wnvfw w»*r
Femie, t, C Pbom W
M»
wm «*L»-Urg» Oeel Sfeatee;
Apply, 111 Juliet At*,
Takei* ay thavaiversal Co'a War Correspondent and gaar
be sutbeutlc.
Barbara Tennant and O. C. Lund In
A T T  A U   ll 1 1
t tte'*Ma---k rtwry l^lAt^t frtaM-Meis wfirt^nfii -M V.wrnprnti j\MWlcaS 1*3
tm* vtbte bb tyt Torke scbemtag to absorb RoumanU. A alary gtrfk-
tagly la Una wl tb earreat areata.
I
THt GREAT COMEDY TRAVELOGUE
Universal Boy No. 3
•Watty" aseau aome mora faiaoas people, )oias the "lioy BoeeUT mt
i faaay ataata. ,**■  *.*•*■*-	
Saeetal WEDNESDAY aM THURSDAY Evening, Deeember tnd 4 Snd.
Tba Wortd'a Oreateet Skuotioaal Drama
Cr Ad 1   Lm Y IN JN JtL
iMsgntftaMUy atafai to ■agtaad wttb a ataalatty eetened aaat af aat-
aeat wtlala—b I
I
YOU GET THI BEST THAT CAN Bl BOUOHT AND PROOUC1D
AT TNI Wit
TWinHllVUttAL PROGRAM- 41 "PARAMOUNT PWTVIttt."

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