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The District Ledger Dec 26, 1914

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Array i»*^S«
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Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of ^Distr ict No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No 18, Vol. vm.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
&"«
«*5»
tSSS
'Hi
if
-.A,
1-4
D-4S
It-
 - i
F6p a Happy
Candidate for Mayoralty Honor
Peace Claims Her Victims
As Well as War
Another   Cave-in   Casualty
Pete Anderson Injured
For Ue laat few weeks we have,
unfortunately had to report ntf less
thaa nine deaths in this District, and
of thia number Coal Creek has been
.responsible for three, and all of them
caused by cares. True, it is not suggested .that the management is responsible for these accidents, but it must
be admitted that caves have been pretty regular at Ooal Creek during the
past year; although many- hav* not
been fatal. Still, there is evidently
a; little weakness somewhere, ahd it
is to be hoped that the mine Inspectors
will thoroughly investigate this recent
case and If some means can be devised to*-minimize tiie dangers arising
from.eaves, then let same be adopted
regardless of ooBt and inconvenience.
,. The latest -fatality occurred on -Monday, afternoon, in No. i East'Mine, the
victim .feeing Ray Vanmecklin,  who
. -was suffocated When caught under a
cave of roof coal in No, 4 Right of tbe
dence is takenbetore a coroner's jury
some conclusion may be arrived at.
Directly the alarm was raised there
was 'no lack of volunteers, who ventured under the falling roof and cleared
away the debris to extricate the un-
fortunate man, while iby the time this
was accomplished the pulmotor was
on the scene. ThlB instrument iwas
immediately applied and every effort
to resuscitate made, but without avail,
and after some time the doctor pronounced life extinct. The rescue'party
were loath to leave lhe man. until
every thing possible had been done,
and an additional .pulmotor was requisitioned from the Government Rescue Station at 'Pernie.
Tiie horse which was hauling the
trip driven by deceased was recovered
from under the cave uninjured.
Deceased . bad been a resident of
Fernie for some time, was twenty-
four year^ of _age_^d_marriid»_^_
District known as tiie Bast pips in the
above mine.
Deceased was engaged in driving
when the accident hapepned, but his
regular oocopatlon was digging.. The
change of occupations 'was necessitated when earlier in Ute ehlft Che rope
ri*M,iWt£ttitefo*;'lik*--i8lbTod 4o.f
the -extent of having his foot badly
crushed by n runaway car. The extent of this lujury necessitated his removal to the hospital and a driver by
the name of .'Mulligan assumed Corri-
gam's duties. In this manner Vanmecklin became a driver in tlie place
of Mulligan. Very shortly after the
change bad been effected Vanmecklin
was caught under the cave with a trip,
the cause of which Is not at present
have gone to New York for consulta- j
tion with you, and considering the
probable public criticism of my presence at your office at the time
when it would have been generally
known that the answers to the Pre-
. sident's (proposal was being prepared, I think lt very fortunate that we
. have been able to make reply direct
from Deliver, with the public fully
informed ai to my presence here.
(Signed) J. P. WeUtorn."
Tlie Lee above referred to is Ivy Led-
better Lee. He is the personal employee of Mr. Rockefeller as admitted
by Mr. Welborn in his testimony, this
admission having been forced from the
reluctant lips of Mr, Welborn on the
witness stand, after first positively refusing to answer, and then begging
for time to consult counsel as to his
legal rights in the matter, and finally
receiving permission to d.» so from
his eastern employers.
If you require further proof, Mr.
•President, as to the sole responsibility
cf .Mr. Rockefeller, allow me to point
to the testimony of Mr. Welborn to
the effect that, immediately after leaving your presence, at the time submission of this letter In the early part
of September, he reported directly to
John D. Rockefeller, sr„ at .Tarrytown,
N. Y., in company with John D. Rockefeller, jr., W. I* Mackenzie King, of
the Dominion of Canada—also on the
pergonal staff of ;Mr. Rockefeller—and
Mr.' Ivy Lee, -who acted as go-between
for .Mr. Rockefeller and Mr. Welborn
THOMAS   UPHILL
WILL RUN FOR MAYOR
■Having beon requested by
a number of 'the citizens of
Fernie to offer myself as candidate for tl\e mayoralty, I
take pleasure | in stating tb.it
if elected wlljl do as 1 have
done In the cipacity of alderman— i. e.,-put forth my best
effort to servp the public.
TITjXMAS UPHILL
PEt-tNIE-COAt  CREliK SAND
GIVE SUNDAY CONCERTI
On December 4th, within about one
hundred yards of where Vanmecklin
met bis death, a similar accident occurred when P. Catenaro. and T. Myers
were killed.
" Inquest 'Will be held December 30th.
- In addition to tbe uocldentr reported above, an Italian had hU wriet
broken by slipping an J falling across
Ita rail, on Monday last
In-tte-preparaironar tBnater to you,
THE   ClVIC^ ELECTIONS
Several new names will appear on
the list of candidates seeking municipal honors this year, included H. E.
Barnes, manager of the Co-operative
Store, -and, possibjr a gentleman prominent In labor circles. Mr. Barnes
has been -a resident of this town for
some years and 'from his business
training, tact audibility should prove
a welcome addition to the council.
With T. Uphill irflihe executive chair
and several men wlio have a thoroughly practical busjpess knowledge to
support htm, the& is no reason why
the affairs of tills city should not be
as ably managed aa heretofore. Possibly some may fhpt regard this as
a compliment, bujt in fairness to tbe
late' oounrtl, it ihnst be stated that
ihtty   havo hn-an Jirotty Jvi.au; tp.^-^*;;'
The above band entertained a goodly
crowd in the Grand Theatre on Sun
day night -and showed marked advancement in their execution of several fine .pieces. The baud on Sunday's
exhibition has Improved remarkably,
tbe rhythm and technique being as
near perfect as anything heard in this
town. The bandsmen and their in
siructor are to b,» congratulated upou
the improvement an J i!! they improve
at the same rate there -will.be no
question about the right to participate
in any grants that the city may have
to make. Mesdames Percy and 'Mitchell were the stars of. the evening, ■
and both were recalled, the latter giving for an encore "Starlight." Both
ladles possess voices of remarkable
range und the beautiful clear enunciation makes it a pleasure to listen to
them. Clear, and distinct, with just
sufficient recitative gesticulation to
emphasize Uie poety of her songs, Mrs.1
Mitchell is a singer tbat is not often
heard outside of the professional or
traincl Sanger's -world.
We trust the band will favor with
another concert in the near future.
Conservatives Celebrate
With a Big Smoker
Peter Anderson. Scotchman, working ln B. North at Coal Creek, was
brought down by a opeelal train, Wednesday afternoon, having received Injuries to tbe upper part of his right leg
by becoming entangled ln a rope
whilst in the discharge of his ordln-
evident, although  later, when  evl- ary duties.
J. R. Lawson's Statement
Before Federal Commission
DBNVKIl, Col, Doc. IC. IOH-I
have ponding against .ne tn the courts
of Colorado nineteen specific criminal
charge*, ranging from conspiracy in
rwtralnt of trade, to murder in the
first degree, tbt including anon and
assault to kill, and I am as innocent
of any -crime agalnat the laws of my
■Ute or nation aa any individual sitting upon (fell bench listening to me
here today.
Deep down In tbt heart* of my per
aecutors, tboy know that I an guilty
of no crlma, unless It lw thnt I am a
coal miner, having been honored by
mr fallow workmen In selecting me to
represent them on the International
KteeoUve Hoard of the United Ulna
Workera of America.
The records of the State and Federal courts of tho nation boar witness
to tho power of John 0, Rockefeller to
deetray tho property, character, and
ertrn tho Uvea of thos* who oppose
him lo hia mad parson of wealth.
FOr theae reasons, by th*» ad vie* of
mr eoonell, mr. Horace V. Hawkins,
who In now engaged In the trial of a
r-mo at Caaou City, 1 mu»t decline to
answer, any question a wliaijowvur
bMriag open tho Incident! leading ap
ut-, «m oaring to« mnn* in uk tiootft-)
+ .-J, V\.*ii i',*i*ia, t*iii*t«4,it ii *m mt i
almorn wieh lo folly aad (rteiy tkt ao.
11mm thle wtmooto, hnnravat, wflirh
I laelro to communicate to PwrnWetrt
Wilson through'the medium of (bit
J. F. Welborn, Mr. Rockefeller's agent
In Colorado.
When you, II r. President, submitted your suggestion for a settlement of
this industrial conflict, which has
agitated our utato and baa awalwued
the conscience of the nation, every
cltlien In tho land, -save Mr. Rockefeller alone, construed It aa a command
from th* bead of the nutlcty. The
reply came, ostensibly from Denver,
but aa now fully exposed before thit
Commission, wan In reality from tt
Ilroadwey, No* York. I quote from
the letter of Starr i. Murphy, the personal representative of John D. Rockefeller, nr., and Ute reply from Sir. J.
P. Welborn, aa showing tho trick that
wat ployed opon yoo by 'Mr. Rockefeller, and the deception wblch tboy
practised upon the American peopl*,
viz:
as  revealed by   the  correspondence
quoted above.
In view of tbe fact that you bave
appointed Mr. Seth Low of New York
at the head of a conciliation board, I
would respectfully esk you to suggest
that Mr. Low call upon John I). Rocke
felelrr te.,' in • -person;"' ait the earliest
opportunity and urge upon him the ac
eeptauce of your suggestion to bring
about industrial peace In Colorado.
In common with countless millions
of my fellow citizens, I recognize the
fact that perhaps no other president
In tho history of our country has been
called upon to Intervene in so many
difficult and delicate situations
throughout tbli country and the world,
looking toward tbe happiness and welfare of mankind. If your suggestion
is not accepted by Mr. Rockefeller
when presented by Mr. Low, this master of millions will be but the second
t-eison lu the lite of your odratolmtra-
tion wbo has spurned your kindly of-
flees in tbe cause of peace and ,'nsilcc
—the other being General Vlrtorlntto
Huerta, late Dictator of Mexico, present whereabouts unknown.
The testimony given before this
Commission last week by Mr. Welborn places the Issue squarely before
the world:
Is John D, Rockefeller greater tban
the Government? Is he higher tban
the law?
ing several very useful refornji to our
city. True, there are still several
matters tbat they might have given
a little more attention, but If they
had succeeded In pleasing ail, then
all that wonIdv be necessary for th**
ratepayers wou\d Jje to canonize them,
| ylace tham .la -^tfcrwfts. anA »rean
a rich harvest by exposing them as
municipal prodigies or saints.
PEW   IDLE   IN   UNITED   KINGDOM
percentage of unemployment   In   the
country on December 4 iwas 3.61, as
LONDON, Dec. 21.—The latest sta
tistlcs reiati-n-g to tbe insured trades
iSL4J»a_JIllha4_KI*n»^n*mj^b'».lluth*t_l*sj4^16-JJ-4sat— *±»t Ss-a—s-nrf b4-« tHnmlSi,
On Friday evening a smoking concert, held under the auspices of the
local Conservative Association in Victoria Hall, was very well patronized.
The same set of-officers for 1915 was
elected as had fulfilled the position
during 1914. The following were elected as members'of the Executive Committee: If. K. names, B. C. Bonnel!,
S. Dragon, R. Dudley, S. Graham, S.
Herchmer, \y. J. Morrison, G. V.
Moses, A. Rlzzuto, A. B. Trites, J. K.
Wallace and S. F. Wallace.
Shortly after 9 o'clock, ihe chairman (R. Reading) in a neat little
speech stated tho principal object ot
the gathering, which was to welcome
as guests W. 0. Bowser and W. It.
Ross. He thereupon called for the
first number on the program, "Tho
Hunting Scene," and Carries' Orchestra responded to the entire satisfuc
tion of the audience.
The next item was a speech by the
Hon. W. R. Ross, who after thanking
the out-of-town visitors, informed his
hearers that he was not out campaigning as the government did not purpose going to the country until March,
friend had come to discuss the Issues
| of the day.     Furthermore, that any
against 3.94 a month previous, and J
4.is at the same time a year ago.
Among the uninsured trades also
there Is a decrease in the number of
unemployed men and women.
COMMUNICATED
wa^^TT7^^.^"^,4'^iv^wi:-c. i5£5s.
shift, ana at present their wage..is
more than double wbat it was then.
■My object in referring to thl* Is to
(-.ill attention to the difference between
a trade union leader In Great Britain
and an official who has to fight for bis
official life annually ln Canada. The
former can, formulate a scheme which
liis experience tells bim will benefit
his members, and although It may-
take a few years to perfect ami carry
out the, scheme, yet he is continuously
educating and leading his men up va
It. The other official dare not give a
lead least it might make him unpopu
tar lu Uie estimation of aome local or
Ii'rt'.vldual who would go for liis scalp,
Hence, when the union gets Into rut
it must stick  tbere.
Again, would   the   memberelilo ot
To the Editor, District Ledger-
Dear 8ir,—It may Interest "tn<le
unionists who are In touch with the
labor movement in Great 'Britain, to
know that Alderman P. Walls, of
Workington, Cumberland, has boon
elected Mayor of Workington for tho
coming year. After J. Keir Hard!'*?,
perhaps tbere is no labor leader better
known to Kmtllsh trade unionists thnn
Alderman Walls, or ns he is popularly
railed. "Paddy" Walts, and like Keir
Hardie, Walls Is still In possession of
a clean record.    Thirty-five years ago I Distinct 18 submit to be !eid*by a
impression that, he would not be a
candidate for re-election was erroneous, as it wns his intention to con-
test this riding unless the -Conaer-
vatives should  select another whom
they deemed more suitable,
'•ew ;.-  •■*'*.•-,••  -■ ■vj"-..- 't't-.....*.. -. ,*..
The chairman, upon Introducing Mr.
Bowser, made a few pertinent remarks
relative to the assertions made by the
lord's Day Alliance adherents being
exaggerated.
Mr iBowser, in opening his address
made some facetious remarks about
the roped arena and saw- dust, stating
that If there was any good Liberal in
tlio audience who wished to try hts
mettle he would be pleased to accommodate the gentleman.
The next subject touched iiswn was
labor legislation. Tbe Workmen's
Compensation Act wa* consider**! Inadequate, therefore at tbo coming ten*
eureful study of the remedial masures
that have been enacted in the states
or Washington, .Minnesota. New York
and the Province of Ontario would>be
made, the advantages end, disadvantages duly noted eo tbat when tbe
new R. C. Workmen's Compensation
Act -became law a year hence lt would
be as nearly perfect as human Ingenuity could make it. He explained the
difficulties to tbe encountered in dealing with questions of tbls character:
the capitalist lind bis views and so .
did the worker, but the purpose would
be to make as fair as possible to both
parties. However, there was ene fact
that this bill would provide for, and
tliat was a larger amount of compensation would be allowed for partial or
totnl disablement than heretofore.
The new legislation would also be
the granting of the bi-montiily iwy.
The problem that wilt not down—
unemployment—was   then   discussed.
Tlio speaker said tiuit ane of the purposes of the present trip was to loorn
from imiyors, councils and other provincial and civic 'authorities the exact stato existing in die various local-
it la^J^Obat-wbesM^'r-io-wiHnrtaw*-
ties -culd not eve with the situation,
and   there  was  any  pending  public
work   to   be  done   the-   government
would allow tin- city u> undertake tbe
project whereby some relief" could be
obtained.
At tbe conclusion of Mr. Bowser's
address W, U Phillips, rreeideot of
Dbttrlct- ^-requested, tbaf. a delegation of miner* lie given au %udient,-e,
this being granted tho grievances connected with the bi-monthly and tbe
Gas Inspection Committees wore ven-
tilatod and a promise given that the
first named would positively be in
effect nt au early date, whilst tbo second would be given every conslder«i-
Hon and nn honest effort made to
reach ,x satisfactory adjustment
Speeches concluded, • gong and other numbero were part of the -program,
one of tbo most enjoyable of which
was a four-round boxing contest between KM UurtiH of Spokane and Hilly
Smith, of Pernio, rr-mitllng In a draw.
faken looking to a remedy of the ex.
Jstlng"(l«'fIcIcj»*cJo», and to thin end a
nlon of the legislature steps would be,J Shortly after midnight, to the strain*
of "Auld Lang Hyne,' tho gathering
broke up.
STOCKTON LABOR WAR
when tbe Blast Furnace Men's Association came into existence, Mr. Walls
waa elected local secretary for tbe
Clarence Ironworks, Mlddlesborongb,
while on the same day tbe writer wss
elected local secretary for tbe South
Hank Ironworks in the same district,
Five years later, whon tbe union became strong enough to extend Its uie-
lulnt-s*. Mr. Walls was sent to tbe
IS tNDK!) w*nl fount to or»m'*«> tb* bfont fur*
| naremen of Cumberland and Lanca-
man 6? years of age, witb 33 years
service to his account? Kotblng doing! And if we look facts in the face,
eeeiqg that Bro. W. h Phillip* ts the
feunh president tn three jear*. it
rims u long way to prove that experience ls a disqualification for a lc-uier.
Of < curse, I bave no Idea what the re
suit of the late election i«. md | dure
not hatard tbcae remarks previous to
I'V" .^^'t'.b**' itm.a''"'-- t'-;-»jttcm of the first ywir's work.
I held e brief for mm** of the >,i i offi
CHILD  MORTALITY
AVERAGE  IS HIGH
H'AHHI.V«TON\ !)..-. 21. T|,e mi-
eoitd annual report of the chlldr-en"*
bureau of the department of labor
deiM<rtbe« Uh activities from June 30.
191.1. io June .'to. I*U4. Tlw report !*
largely
tho Infant mortality of New Zealand
io the lowevt rate in the world. In thu
<lty of Duiieilln, for Instance, tho iwtn
In nil:' wnn :1S pir luOu births. VV'.i«it
compared with the rate In sucb *im-
panrtively favorable inraiitlee In our
own country n* Philadelphia (138,5 per
low in I1M31 or lloeton tl«M In l»13l.
it h ev!.!-»u,t tU.u tnuth aeriotm iwork
fn   »bi»   Volt**
STOCKTON. Cat. Dee. 21.~-Th*
la I or war which has been waged in
this city for tbe lart four months wr»s
ended tonight.    Both the unloif «mT«fc» *»'»»* fnmaeemen of Scotland. Mr.
shire, whilst yours truly took eharire!|'«i«
of the North Bast coast    Mr. flnow
was nmt across tbe border to organise
Infant Mortality
"tt, Btwidway, New Tot*.
•iept. II, Itll,
"Hear Mr. W«thom—I bar* Ukeo
the liberty of sending ywn, merely
by way of itnggnsUon, a draft of a
proposed letter from yoa oo Preel-
ileut of tit* Cola**iio fml mt Ifool^i
Company, i« IV-enM-nt W11*rm »
wfeteh etabodlf** my porsooal v1ewiM,, 'f,^,'".'
the Merchants' Manufacturers ani Km*
tloyi-u' Association nnanlmottsly ir.tl-
fl*! the work of thoir reapective committees.
It Is agrwd tbat all but-tnp** houses
tn tbo city be declared fair oy tht
onions and that members of;»:; labor
organisations he permitted to trade
wllloat any form ef m'rainr any-
»hm tltti wish.
ffaow, unfortunately, allowed Ms tn
thmlatm to ride his Judgment with a
loo** rein, and In leas than three
ownths* tlmo, and certainty before
half tbe men had Joined the association, be bad tbem out oa strike
•gainst tbe advice   of   (be   district
board. Xcodleaa tw say, tbe i,o*iM»}i*otb Wails and the writer were f»ri>
mon who rame oat on his advice, were) sent, and It was that mcetlna under
4i.t*mt*4 *i !?«- *t>A ot htm mown*. *f-tti|ii prm14*m*y ot J. Keir Ifatdi* that
a df*ai*iion of tbe eontlmta.! remains to !*• done
t htatee,
|    A neiamt puhlleatlon In tho wr!***
Although a trad« union leader audi The first two year* repnweat* !I* ^1 hom* **** °f <ih,l,IfBtt' ■<•
public official, It Is questionable if | nra«U«Uly a unit In the Mi«M.™ of fmT ,'? .|,",,rl<,,,*1 »*»"«W. «n-
Jh«K SS another man In tbe north of j the chlldroi* burea.. no^mnt* tmm \ TtL mi\h™* T*" *? C*P*
Kngland who bad done as much tilth* first has been placed on infant 7 V through tbe mmnA yonr,
spread tbe doe.rin. of Soclili.m t,,|»elf«re. catering around a tm in- !„Tliltt T1?***"?** ** tm4'
««■• Wa"»' veitigatlon Into the social ttgommve      Ji  f ?'   ^ "** *mp' *to   M
Twenty-one year* »*o. when sbout a j of Infant mortality In Johnstown  l'i 11. ?     *' ********* '*«"
domu labor mm met in liradford, Kur-]    AIJ»» Ulbrop wys: ,T »*<«»»   Atnerleati
tan*, io eonaltler the poltti.»l situa-     <Th« rm4i^ ttf xhm flw, (,  H | mmt>t
tollers. ot*raortc4 .««d tgoonnt \UL1» I^J'***^7 m^i4*mi
mnH.m. ntm thn*. »,-„.»«»» »,j .*, *i*< ■ l* fmm th' "rfwIahMwMTO aide.
of effapririf whlrh tM**Mo»! v*t*niS? T*! '* "0* mlm tw*** <* *h»
will be made by any of th* cmploy^n
N frattera pertaining to wat** 9n4
boon nm that tbo ached aba ia eru«..
before tbe trouble shall r-»mah in t-'■
M«f9rt*hW-agre«ilthttBO<-h».ii(.-s|«hoa*b their KaUlait iomhIm »tnn.|iMVe Wrtb to the net mnl Ilritlsh *>!,.„ , „       ,, • -— «*   »»««i-nT r-»,^n1»wl   „„
ew* of vir ,r*>*i*(ini   imirut*   ae   a,I  did  ourfU,!,,),,,,   »   MaMnr.»  et   l:tt-  inr  nt.*-„ ,.,      ' ,K " ('!fl«'-«t«» «»*»' Utt
»t#. !br,t w »«>r«*«l tbe goipet, but Wnlia AmerSenti t*w,\u-     -rt,- „*,a      t  , ** '" «'«i'»'<«' mini mam xwagi* nrottg
tnrnnm men, tbe cokemen and Mam,*,,!,,, nmt ta m.1 *. *,»fc„M«».tei#!! '**-Ar*r!.* *   V    *    '  * te*;«»«»*W*  work.
«-,,..-,• «.* _ mtte,*. euttwo    toixtmy in apt*a4»»« tt* tigkt that *UH «»»v Me ««-.,«.,* *,*■ „„„„,**,,  , , *„ «
99.^. *. .k^M ^^ _,_ . w"i it* retained by tbo-im^tr*, l*-ty '»w <!<ricl ai-tfckf} «d )»f taoik „f ii» loru fcftli »„»., .s-JTj—m—    .      7 p "w4"""':,
mtbnt.. tmmoetm ootmittL ^m,f**! ptmttnm. ami nmm«b ti* ^tZlt > ££Z?£ uTiT^T! 1 "f *     ™  *** *** '" ,hl*, l ™* ^*" **
ni*"n  n-r*r 'ater  nnt-u-t*  lu  lft4.Hr*,
.  -.t win*  «*1***,'*«
'1>','   I*'   i!l''ui-
:!«W|»»»J 1* i'J j '
case tt aaoold neeut wise for oor
tmti*iw to mtt> * HwnU) rtyHi
to Mo Prosldanfa letter. ....
tSigned> ' »un J. M«rv»br."
Anntb-i-r ntttA* ♦■
»  ••>  ate.ut U-** tatetteO** t« tlM»
,, „ ,■-„■>.  .,.  *„,»„H*'U  wvhw*t«>e  >4
J* )#.wr* wi *&*..    lb* (-banging of
" ■*,' r© ntn)tb*i
*>r tho halting «» m WmP (,lf.]Mr. Walls, wbo I. now fiT year. ggdlM M*y»r ttt WerltUeten I* tk* .W!,^,^
I weoM Moot mimatrolly dJmt
yovr attoattot, Mr. Prooldeat, to tho
record of tho hearlaga of tho Coamio-
atoo on fadtstrffi! Relations Hi tho
City of Dttvor, for oadeatabie proof
et tb* Ibut, tbat there In bet mm bw-
mnn M»g roopoostfelo for tho deplor-l
a\t* nrnJIltlno* in tb* **tn1 ttijnatfy $f'
the Slate of Cotofw4o~iMr. 3okn 0.'
ReckofMltr, or.
frnloaawiy, this Momlon ta Ml
bum* ggoo tmy atatooaaat thot can to
tommtktwt or *#*•*«#, tor ttm m%-
4*tt*e bt tmoS fw tbe et,f*mprt*tl*nm
btt**m M Broadway. Nov left, aod
,'!(«
And tbo reply ta Mtows:
"Dwivor, *ej»i IS, Jlli
"My Dear Mr. J4«rpb»s~t mm very
tbaakfol for yoor klndoaos to «*TfH tyg. cmm-Km* f*ti to atr** on .-v^* it-ifii t*,trii'*t***"ir*
firff iw# o% ta«   tm fawuaU **<tjgnsati»» tl luw, a* wrowth s»B»N-.r| *<»*•*
semfloy mo dfaft -ot tto pravoosd (rfiM^-n by t%e atix *t<ttmmittt*i*m.- *
letter tu  Out rt«»UU*w ....   I jv# *M*.*t to the g«w*l ho&y mui
rwfitg of this eommfttro of' «#*»*»
«**** mm » mmm^  *m «M pat—
four*. *tr
■'-.*,.:; »';.» »»v %mem*iwe *****»»»
«mpl«(rcfooe«asKHteoofstshasb««o|^ hntnmt, n* header of the Fadera!
•ppMiited. 1%r»e momheni of thtt rom* f «loo. wbttst tn addition to being m»>or j
mttteo aro ehotcg by tb* union* aadjl* also an alderman, a J. P., Poor U*.
tk1**^tk9m^tmttn,mnmtnmttm\n9*^i^, Mmrt Board Tro*t*#, a«dj
a»« Kaploytra' aetedetfam.    ttboald.in fa*rt a measbor  of   overy ohKtiv*!
■WHIN  I/lt*Cllllt.\X.
Rif-r. toc*l HI
| hoped that 'tb» bUM»aa*# '■nmtltn-t^ll
* ntMl*i Mf* tnftnt aaortaUty m») *ati*}
i tribatf*. j
Nonet
Wew ZeninttO n LenOet
At tbe laat rtgwlit wcetlot of Ola4.
lt'f» tif'-t
ftut   rv'.fqt.^ f4l'a-:
"t.    A
*?(.>   -J.-JA
tfUlff
•motb on lb# tafjiM »ar-1
>?'?'»■•- hf* bt*-fi.
vf^kw«I^*l*^i,^]^^T!**...*M,l* t«<»i*i»im~ w*- of thank* was' pi«»df^ f««s<**!**M dtallng »l'h the roiw(rattooai»
mmm tho mm* or on w»r*,
think yoa will rtod that oor tttJbtr,
a copy of which: I aaa wmbmim,
<«otatM oil of yowr lif#aa, with two ___
•YMptlma... . .   I*ft for Mr. Ue'sJ   Ol. fflmaaeaa^.LDJI^ D1XK
mmm her*, imi Ute lavotaa-Mojtti, Book of HamOtoo bmtir.n     .
n*<frt!tneo .ic iu i**u*Wta*i U* tk.jp«M»# frUtwmoot 'Vo.}, Yn»ti..v*r
m^e*wmxr*m m war inpiy, i nvowta*
**•
! Ui-.iiiy,t>t.
til*t*t*
W#»   ObOOt   th«*   m-y.-   *,mt*tet**0 tmt*t tb*  r  rtV   '%,-n-bf eoibiln^     I  r, ■*,,».  ,,t ,,r  mM.   M   M     v
Walk. iMW*«»r  th*u. a*-** -# i^Llir 1 ***   *""' ""*   *""*   "*"*"" *-*l»'*~.i *«*»■*>* %*tt**-*. «<mt *a*ei**»intimii. borv-
"     i""iw«l»«. \fb'ilr**n ttnrt hix* *iij«>d  in   ri-fe, .un
Ml ma m»ih *t«bi»g to mmA tb*
.'■'■.* .i.,S,9„ i,n.'T tM. , btji-ifljaj, \a
ar* r*oo*>nt*4 to b* tmam.t 4m
r*» «ii<t uf «- *tt*.i oii-.t-fm-i.'
|admm«ar9 wjh t^ f^^i mm 1hm
\:mm,*.fmm»ty   *?  %\ir.  .,»,,*   u.m   -iU
tUm-t, mi
T»*t*d tbl« Uui A** -m im-^i^.
|t>M
•»   i»   t*H"K»W,
'♦aiT «»r»te tloar-d „t
-HetMwt  Trtm-***-
w.
'f^M
<m
tite*
■"atam
jr
*, tt.
*"**"» I
311
*t -K^-vS
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBK1A B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
IMPULSES AND ACTIONS
.<*<:--
Written for The New  York  Call  by
W.J.Ghent
The writer... of this article says
some -Socialists' have overdone the
Marxian Theory of Economic Deter-
•m-in-ism—"Mawy are  still  ascribing
to ithe 'economf; urge, the Passion i    It is" in the sweeping statement that
for Gain, a control over thought, and
sary, but -a Ions; acquaintance with the
oral and written pronouncements on
llie subject (persuades nie that the dis-
liiu-tion often becomes obscured in
eveu ihe nios! acute and practiced
minds.
Actions Against Self-Interest
feeling  and   action   that   is  wliolly
the economic impulse determines our
thought,    our    ideals,     our    ethical
unprovable," says Ghent, author of I standards mnl our actions that the
•'Mass and Class," '/Our Benevolent theory of economic interpretation suf-
■Peudallsm," and other important feis its wor.-t abuse. The least thought
Works on Socialism, —the   least   observation   of   the   life
, ajiout us—sives an emphatic denial to
such a declaration. We are constantly prompted lo perform :; tlio'iv.iMi-acis
without thi' slightest expectation of
material sain. Individuals, families,
groups, classes and oven initio ns are
so pi-oinptc-il. As individuals we even
(
Have  we not, all  of us, somewhat
overdone    the    economic    interpretation of history?   Of course, some of
us always overdo H in uscrlbiiig every
human thought and action to the economic .impulse.   1   have  known   of a J
•Socialist who ascribed even the life-;
-work of lMarx to economic prompting!
■hips.   .Did not Marx make money out J
of his writings? Some, perhaps. Ergo,
the individual economic impulse dictated bis thought and liis labors.
" Prom such  travesties   of   the   economic interpretation most believers in
the theory are hazily free.   And yet
■many  are still  ascribing to  the eco ;
nonric  urge--the passion  for gain—a I[•'■'
perform actions wliich wt- knoiw will
he hurtful—perhaps even ruinous—
lo our welfare. . A family, a social
'group, will sometimes act in the same
1 way. A small and weak nation, goad-
1 cd by insult, will fly to arms in what
I is known to Im a perfectly hopeless
I w..rs
I    The anient and energetic Socialist
I,
hy
himself a living example in reproof
this kind of   -economic interpreta
tion.'
i often.
His adherence to Socialism is
if not  generally, a  bar to his
material welfare.      He cannot, in tlie
control over thought and feeling ana
;i*Btlon that is wholly /inprovable.
An Unformulated Theory
■Much or Uiis over emphasis is doubt-1'"-.liu.  expect   to   bring about,   within
less due to the confusion as to what'.his own lifetime, a change    that will
is meant by the economic interprets-j make   his  devotion   to   the   cause     »
tion of historv.   As the teachers have' soimc of malt'i-ial gain.    He may siy
his loss Is no: a sacrifice—tlmt   nomie interests may be the same, they
The Soldiers' Sacrifice
The Great War has brought into the
field  of armed  conflict   millions    of
workingmen.     Whatever   the   mainspring of their action may be ,it is
certainly not an economic one.     The
Belgian carries on his tragic struggle
at the sacrifice of every material good
for himself and his dependents.     Tho
Krcnolunan in the ranks risks dea'.n
and' wounds  and   disease   -with    the
knowledge that only  in  the  case  of
desperate need will the dependent lie
has left behind receive a government
dole of 25 conts a day with an extra
10  cents  a   day  for  each   dependent
child.   -The more opulent Briton started for the field, to endure the same
risks, for $2.10 a week, with the knowledge that, if lie was married, 8-1 cents
of .this would be paid to his wife, aud
that the government would also pay
her 26 cents a day additional, wiih 4
cents   a   day   for   each   child.       And
though   this   "separation    allowance"
has since beeu  raised  to $.">.01  for a
.wife and  two  children   living  in   the
London district, of $4.mi if they live ii
any other part of Great  Britain, the
sum is hardly sufficient to be regarded
as   an   economic   compensation.      It
would seem that every immediate material consideration is ignored by these
millions in the field.
Quarrels Among Workers
Kven here In 'America, far from ihe
theatre  of   war,   British   and   French
and Slavic and German workers -clash
over the issues of the war.   Their eco-
states it unquestionably influences and
some it may absolutely dictate. No
philosopher, however, bas yet delimited its boundaries. True, there are
not many persons who indulge in so
all-inclusive a claim for the "dominance of the economic motive; yet often
it is a fair inference from tbe unguarded utterances of even the
thoughtful.
The Economic Condition
■A more complex matter is reached
.when we come to deal with the economic environment. What does it include? Do tfe mean merely the "prevailing mode of production and distribution. If so, it will do well enough
for some .purposes; but it is wholly insufficient when we deal with motives
and states of mind. Germany is a
capitalist nation, in which the industries engage a large part of the occupied population. Belgium is another.
Hoth the prevailing mode and the specific methods of production in the two
countries are the same. German wage
earners are now devastating 'Belgium,
kiling or driving off its inhabitants,
the proof chat "in the last instance
(it) always works itself out?" It can
hardly be (pretended that "economic
necessity," in its more obvious sense,
works itself'out—that is, proceeds or
drives to a favorable' issue—in the case
of the average individual. Does it, in
the main, in .the case of the average
family, social '£roup or antiou? The
economic necessity of a people at once
prolific in ibirths and productive in
industry is for territorial expansion;
and yet by superior weapons and military training its enemies may restrain
it within its borders.
Does the saying apply to an economic system? The" economic necessity" of feudalism may be said to have
played itself out, but hardly, in the
Kngels meaning, to have "worked itself out." Does it apply, then, to the
race as a whole? Possibly, jf we knew
just what the term meant to its user,
we might find its greater or less application to the race as a whole; but to
most persons it will mean no. more
ili.iii an assertion which assumes the
' whole question at issue; that what
| happens   must  have   happened   from
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
r^
ftilled to formulate it, there is no won-; Unit
der lhat the followers have failed to
understand it. Certainly. Simkhovitch
is right' in saying that it is ".the crud-
est and most unfinished doctrine in
the field of social philosophy." Most
•persons, moreover, in speaking or
thinking of economic determinism,
fail utterly to discriminate between
two very different things: first, the
Veonomle condition or environment;
and, second, the economic impulse—
the conscious or subconscious desire
for material gain. Yot without the
keeping of this distinction constantly
in mind the theory becomes a fantastic
absurdity.
Doubtless to some persons this statement  may   seem   trite   and   unneces-
destroying its wealth and leaving it a:ccollomlc inevltablenoaa.
howling paste.    What is there of dlf-; Jhe „ of Reactio„
fcence in the economic environment Moreover> we need ,to be MW more
of the two peoples to prompt this bar-1 ,|ennltel>. the degree> ln s,)ecinc ln.
barons destruction? | stances,  of   this  reaction   of  instltu-
Qualifications of the Theory , (jons> jfleals and stales of culture upon
lt would be hard for any one to s:ty.; sllsht and merely- modifying, or may
And, indeed, the better way would be ! jt be sometimes reconstructive or revo-
iiot to try. Engels, who lived on > lutionary?
twelve years after the death of Marx.; one may, for Instance, conceive ot
saw from time to time sufficient rea-; Socialism coming less by inherent de-
sons for iiualifylng, elaborating his j fects in the mechanism of capitalism,
<•oiice.pt of the economic condition.; than by a change in men's minds not
"Itace is itself an economic, factor," he j dictated by economic pressure. Men
wrote a year before his death. Me; may, it is possible to argue, be per-
couceded, moreover, that after all, it is !
not the economic condition, but "eco- -
nomie necessity," wblch is the basic |
cause of human phenomena, "lt is'
not  that the economic situation,"  lie!
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Heet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; seconrt and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.-—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   ln   Crahan's   HaU.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
R^Beard, secretary.
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Open*.  House,.
Coloman.—J. Johnstone, Sec
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet everyN second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
r
hi-? otiur ":iins compensate him. Uul
in *■;, -:iyiu^ he is onlv further refu:inr
llu < OMiiiinm-c- <>'.' the economic ni-
'.i.ilse. He means that he willingly
t>\ci.:niges the possibility of material
jiilMinci'inent, of economic security,
lor a moral or emotional satisfaction.
We have similar Instances in scientific research, often in government
service and in the co-operative movements of many lands.. .Men willingly
give over the chance of winning m-i'e
rial rewards in order to devote then-
selves to a social ideal. Only in some
remote and metaphysical sense, if at
all. can it be said that economic impulse is a determinant of their chief
activities.
may belong to the s:une unions, they
may have employment under like con.
dilions in the same "shops. 13ut impulses pronijit them—often in defiance of economic good—to wage more
or less open warfare with one another.
Tiie newspapers have reported quarrels, fights, sometimes murderous assaults. They may he prompted by race
or language or nationality, or the Lord
knows what: bul they are not based
on the economic impulse.
It is thus idle to say that the economic impulse determines our actions.
■It is even less permissable to/&ay that
it determines our thoughts, our ideals,
cur ethical standards. Some of our
actions and some of our psychological
a®
—®s
W'
&IK***
fi.
¥
I
Christmas Eve, Dec. 24
At  the
Grand Theatre
KID BURNS
OF
WINNIPEG
suaded or reasoned, against their material interests, into- changing their
notions or legality into the belief that
considerations of common welfare
must take precedence over considera-
wrote, "is the cause, in the sense of j tions of property,^ They may be per-
being the only active agent, and that j suaded to alter their religious notions
everything else is only a passing re: j into a broad concept of human brother
suit, it is, on the contrary, a case or j hood. And thus, cumulative changes
imiiu-al action on the basis of the eco- j in the moral attitude or a people, the
nomie necessity, which in the last j present mode of production may be
instance always works itself out." i wholly changed. Such a reaction of
Though political, legal, philosophical the ethical upon the economic would
religious, literary and artistic develop-; be revolutionary,
meats rest upon the economic basis. Sacrifice foe an Ideal
lie declared, they react not only upon '    01' course, the dogmatic reply to this
one another but upon their basis. i supposition is that it is preposterous
More  Light Needed I and impossible. The economic governs
.This helps some, but it is not en-] the ethical; no group ignores its ma-
ough. In particular, the term '^'eco-1 terlal interests; men change their
nomie necessity" is too vague an ab-!standards and ideals when their Instruction to guide us. How much orlterests change—and that ls all there Ss
bow little does ic mean; and where is! to it.     Hut the reply, though positive
 '     land   definite,   is  unconvincing.   Iadi-
__, ....  ivlduals do  indubitably  change  their
[moral standards in defiance of their
'economic interests— else there would
liavi>_hfiPJl_nn_liaiil_Sl>iir-ai-_i]n_Qn-a_.iif_
, ■—* ™-—-———■&—*,—•——■v.**'-"—-w*.-
I thousands of other wealthy men in the
! Socialist party, Families ignore their
1 material interest when they sacrifice
: their last possession in defense of one
I of their number accused of crime.
j Social groups—If only <the bond of
j union be srrong enough—will beggar
■ themselves in pursuit of a common
| aim, and nations like -Belgium nnd
Servia wil risk destruction In defense
j of their political independence.
Let us tnke a less disputable case.
j A nation may, within a few years, de
i velop iho militarist ideal to a degree
| of almost frenzied devotion.     In de-
j vcloping Its military resources to nc-
Irord with Its now Ideal it finds that
unrestricted individualism pauperises
iuul weakens Ils working population,
who imiHt form the rank and file of IU
armies,   Thereupon It begins a long
scries of acts calculated to Rive better
conditions, hours, wages, and a certain
degree of economic security to Its In-
du«trlal population.   By these acts it
profoundly modifies   the   whole economic structure of society.   Hero the
reaction of the ideal upon the economic has  been, though not revolutionary, at. leant notably reconstruct
Ive.    The (leterminlst may reply that
the growth of the militarist Ideal was
Itsolf tt development of the economic
coni.ltlon.   Hut we do not know this;
it is u matter of opinion; while we do
know the transformation effected by
the miction of the Ideal iiiwn    the
economic.
It In upon thin phase of economic
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday,   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore, Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet st-cond and fourth Sunday
In mouth.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.-—j.  Mitchell,   Sec.  Box
105, Coleman,
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock ln <iw-t Hankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
ail-ached.—Krunk Wheatley, Fin.
t-Vc.i llunUlii-ad. Alia,    s4
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     Xo sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham;  Pre-
, sldent, Duncan McNab.
BEAVER CREEK LQCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric *Iall. 3 p.nf.—John
Loughran, Sec.
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School Houso, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. Gv Harries. Sec,
Passburg, Alta. ■
1   ■*
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
•Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union- HaU. Maple Leaf., No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, See.,
Passburg, Alta.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 ln Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—I* Moore, Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at.2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. —James
Burke, Sec, Hox S6, Bellevue,
AJta. -,
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  in   the Club   Hall.    Sick
.Benefit  Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL ^
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday" afternoon,
2.30, at Boavding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Mas Hutter. Sec
FRANK LOCAL   ..
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.  .Sick and
Benefit    Society    attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary,
Canadian
Pacific
Excursions to Eastern—_^
Canada & United States
On Sale December lst to December 31st, 1914.
THREE MONTHS LIMIT
To Toronto. Hamilton, Sarnia. Windsor. Montreal, Ottawa,
IMU'ville, Kingston. St. John. Mom^on. Halifax and nil-other
points in Ontario, Quebec and Maritime Provinces.
HKTURN KAR Kto points in Central Stales, including Minneapolis, St. Paul. Duluth, CliH'Hgo, Kaimiin City and other
points.-
Cheap Rail Fares in Connection with Trans-Atlantic Passage.
Return Limit FIVE MONTHS.
All furl her information from nny ticket agent or of
R. DAWSON, District Passenger Am-nt, Calgary, Alta.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000 Reserve Ftfnd ....$7,000,000
HON. ROBT. JAFFRAY, President PEl.EO HOWLAND, E«q. Vlce-Prei
, -* '     'BRANCHES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernii, Gold  en,  Kamloopa,  Michel,  Notion,..
Rovolatoko, Vancouver and VletorU.
•AVINQ8 OKPARTMINT
lrttoro.it allowed on dopoilto at onrrant rata from data of doponU.
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN Manager
T
' In'cr; !■','!!'
'iu
tVgl'H*   -,1SV*1  WXtMXv
Vt.
OF
PERNIE
Who
I
BILLY SMITH
is open to meet any amateur Light-Weight in Canada at 133 Pounds
These two fast boys will go Ten Rounds to decision.
THREE  GOOD  PRELIMINARIES
Full Evening of 20 Rounds
Fast Boxing
Ring*ide $1.50, Main Floor $1 .OO, Qalcony 50c
aw,*--^^**^^
This  Smoker will  Start at 9 p. m. after first  regular
i# Show,    Tickets on Sale at Theatre
l of tin; reaction of the iwyrble upon I
I the economii'—(hit m llttlo bn* been !
] tlwin by exifcwltorii of tbe theory. Am! j
Joo ono mill heart una nM*, in «|
'UioiiMiiii ii!nei>», tfit> mom ilwtrln»lri|'
!(Ifclnr«Uoni« of tbe predamlmttlriit or!
| Iho exrluiilvff Influence of tbe «eo-|
ncmlc condition, i
l Tho Factor of Raeo i
:    Thru, too, Knju"!»' liii'luaiuii of rui'i;'
nn in vconomlr fat tor   no   broodotm'
! tin- htrni   vcoiiomlc" n» to nmk* It
, niettn pretty ram b anything on«> <!*» :
jtlrp*.     For If rati* I* an cronamlri
|fanot, thnn ail the thing* (bat gi
\ wilh reft* —million:   iilealt,   hablt%
! iptltnd*** of out' l;lnt uni swotHr - I
( muit iildo 1» «oiin»««(l In un nt Iihm. *
i aubratitittt,   And mi ite bnxe n t|«fiiit>
jlloii of "iMmntiik'"    *!i.|di,   ' luclini*** j
ieverything thin •!<!» of the tenter of!
, tOe t'&rjw, (
j tli'tt. ,*.», ,,44 i ui jn'»•»*»»«. i* mtu*u.
jtk«t (put* in « nitnter lactor iu im-|*
' mnn iiffahr* tbaa amy mm* ;» « jy;».;
Mrr« yeiira Hn. hwn willing to aifriM.'
All tho remit Ji!ti>jjipts» to -wintawj
I***** ttHttFifuc*** »wk ntro'-wMriiy ro-t
s*tal iH*parhl-f«» hav* b**» nonpt 'ntof
'tbo •!»•! b«-i!». In -wry ^tirtticn i.f-f
«f#.l»l5|t th* a,:*- tb* muttW of ****■
l*lnitAimt bl: n!;1 K.'d Thi- i,:,iUtm.\
|that aro raei.iii* th* moat homogmtH
mr* nr*. i* -t »irfn t'u* mi*t nnltml-
jln detent--.p or ntfir race and of tbo;
'^t-ttfit   ■'  ■     Vr'f    „;,*,;,   ,■;.*_, #   t;.,*.
JmeruutUtifif,,*:*,    <*«   nUl-mtHmtttln
and tb* a?i'i-fft»vi**r*tn#iitjiit*«   «gw»p;
R«ton»ml«>i  font* thoir   p-iMtofiat*
i-eeovtotfottK "ft a-prlng to arm*, wbll**
J <* »«*«.! <f«rttW mnmbmi tt tie
' rur** tit   -i-ir ffflfif   tb*  buirtea f,ir"f*
i
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
WUlif Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
  FOR FURTHER INFORMATION AWtTTO
§mi8S4
* Canada
hiao ownoM tm rant rrancmm m Toronto
JAMEgatAtON, Catmint M«Maw
BRANCHES AND CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
Thoro are many hundred* of tubntantial laving* account!
with th« Homo Bank that wera otarted yeara ago with •
Jcpaak o( oue JoIIai.    Your dolkr ia alwaya welcome.
Full compound int«r»ot paid. (>
J. F, MACDONALD, Managor
VIOTORIA AVf„ -t- H- flMNII   •. O
I
Itwtattwwa* -aai Warn* ******
-■■Mti-A SHI
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
AMpfA'k
'    7      -»     *  1*'
PAGE THREE
"   ■ ' i
Impulses and Actions
■"fli
(Comtlnaed front l*asre Two)
fr
again with, toague and. pen—and
sometimes with fists qr -weapons.
Demand for Racial. Autonomy
. 'Moreover, every sociologist who
speculates on the settlement of this
• war and the avoidance of further
wars declares that the nations must
be reconstructed on racial lines.
Schleswig must go.back to Denmark,
Alsace and Lorraine must be given
back to Prance, or at least neutralized; Trentino must be given to Italy;
Poland must be reunited and made
independent or autonomous; Servia
must haye the Austrian Serb provinces; 'Bulgaria and Roumania must
have their peoples in other lands restored to them.
It is nothing in disproof of the validity of these suggestions to reply
that the United States, with a vast
congeries of races within her borders, manages to get along fairly
well. For if the United States were
to declare war tomorrow in favor
either of Germany or the allies, her
racial problem would all at once be-
' come more acute even than that of
Austria. Verily, race is a gigantic
factor. But to call it merely aa economic factor is to obscure the whole
subject.
Causes of the War
The Great War has been ascribed
to every conceivable cause and to a
blending, in greater or less degree,
of all of these causes. Economic, political, racial, dynastic,   as   well   as
Your
Good Health
vill le li'fit pfm'rvt-d by
a Ivfcirt'-briukfaKt glass of
y.i-oi* "Fruit Salt," which
c o n t ii iii s llu- whiahlc
cluninN of rip? fruit in
plraaart. aj;iwsi1ile form,
Ai-n as u toni" on the
.lii or. Ktvpt tlie blood
,tx>l,  clear,  hoaltliy.
l3Lu
FRUIT
purely idealistic motives, have been
advanced in explanation. The Germans want merely to be let alone, say
Dernburg and .Mach, for a peaceful
racial and natioanl development. They
found themselves menaced on their
eastern and western frontiers .by jealous enemies and they took up arras
in defense. The Austrians, says Baron
HengeLmuller, wanted peace, but Servia coveted their territory and
prompted the assassination of their
C.-own Prince, ?!«■ so nothim? was left
Itit warfare, yiio English, sajs Well",
Chesterton, U:-.j.uett and a hundred
otliers, wanted peace, (but the violation ot Belgian neutrality shocked the
moral sense of the nation and compelled a resort to arms. The French,
says Clemenceau, desired nothing so
much as peace, but Germany's constant nagging and threats of war
finally brought matters to a crisis.
Russia, too, it seems, was pacific in
thought and word, but could not tolerate ithe threat of destruction of inoffensive Servia. So they are all fighting, destroying billions of dollars
worth of property and the far more
valuable lives of millions of workers,
as well as laying upon the survivors
the awful blight of privation and misery for years to come.
•But of the relative strength and importance of the various influences that
together prompted this frightful horror, writings by men who have rendered verdicts, where is to be found a
single attempt to measure judiciously
the interaction of causes? In some
writings one finds the economic factors almost completely ignored, while
in others the racial or national factors are treated as nonexistent and
illusory. The economic interpretation
of history, which to thousands of us
have come to seem so sure a guide
for explaining ^the .phenomena of
events, has failed to give a satisfac
tory light. In some instances it is
dismissed, in some instances it is absurdly used to exclude the most obvious and fundamental facts regarding lhe struggle. In uo case that
has come to my attention has it been
used to give a discriminating judgment on the relative strength of the'
cause this catastrophe, and of their
interaction with one another.
The Personal Obligation
Obviously, for one who has sometimes -written upon the economic in
perpretatlon oPEistory, theduty is
not to -point out the failure of others',
but to advance some definite analysis
of his own. 1 must, however, confess
myself to be among that small and
reticent factions of the public too appalled by the immensity of the European horror, and too aware of the
shook and wrench it has given to all
our social theories, to have so far
ventured upon a statement of its
causes.
That tbe frenzied militarism of a
section of the ruling class of Germany, along with the egotism of the
German ruler, has been the proximate
and immediate cause of the war, I
believe, will be the verdict of history. But back of that are a number of more fundamental causes that
need examining and Weighing and
comparing. Even a military autocrat
cannot enforce his will without a favorable environment, and it is hard to
see how a Napoleon would amount to
much in. a community of Quakers or
Doukhobors. So that when we say
that a certain thing is an immediate
cause we are saying no more than
that it is the last (and sometimes the
least) in a long chain of causes.
The  Need of Restatement
My purpose here is thus not to compete with others in a •judgment on the
motives and conditions that brought
about the war, but to point out the
failure of economic determinism,! as
now formulated, to gtve us a sure
light on tbe problems we wish to
solve or to have solved for us. As we
all know, Engels conceded that both
he and '.Marx had overemphasized it.
"We had," he wrote late in life, "to
emphasize against our opponents this
vain tenet of ours .which was denied,
and there was not always time, iplace
or opportunity to give the other principles their due."
Unfortunately, the qualifications he
made in its earlier expression, though
rendering the theory more reasonable or plausible, hardly rendered it
more explicit In the greatest crisis
of history it fails us as an interpreter
of a mighty drama. In our too dog-
iflatic dependence upon it ; we have
overlooked or minimized some of the
prime impulses and motives of action.
We need for the theory an entir«
restatement. We need it so defined
that it will take into account the Influence of factors which many of us
have ignored. We need that the
character and degree of those influences shall be weighed and compared.
The theory as a whole may be found
quite as sound at the core as any ot
us have ever supposed it. But it will
be made of far greater use and value
by lopping off its excrescences and defining it in terms that bring it into
closes accord with the observed facts
of life.
The Secret of a
City's Prosperity
Fred Girton, Wyoming Typographical
Union No. 184
One dime spent witb the merchants
of your home town does more real
benefit to your city's prosperity than
a dollar sent elsewhere for'purchases.
The secret lies in the fact that the
dime tends to . create something for
your up-building while the dollar takes
away.
If the business men of your community were to realize the economic
value to themselves and to the cities
where thqy^are in businss of each dol
lar they send away for something
which can ibe procured in their own
communities it is doubtful if tlie practice would continue.
-The so-called small cities and towns
have to contend with a great, if not the
greatest, problem in the form of mail
order houses taking away the money
of citizens that should rightly be
spent across the counters of home
merchants.
The solution of the problem, 1. e.,
the doing away of the nefarious mail
order business, lies in educating the
public to a realization of the fact that
just as good a grade of merchandise
can be procured in home, towns as can
be catalogued into the homes by the
pa reels host route.
And if the public can be^brougnt to
know that money spent in their own
localities buys just as good, if not better for the money, a quality of merchandise than that sent away for* if
the public can be taught the fundamental truth that, in the prosperity of
their local business institutions lies
ile secret of a good town; if the public
can realize simply percentage figures
they ft-Jl solve the problem of why
their own city, w.l'ch is .ust as srood as
:nuch-v.nd-such a iowi r,nd has beter
i.-ii;:*ai endowments 'n geogrvh-cul
transportation' and tiriti* facilities, ia
not as prosperous and the merchants
are not as busy as those in such-and-
such a town.
Now, probably those citizens of such-^j
and-such a town have come to know
that, by spending their money, which
they have earned in their own city
with their own business institutions,
they have solved, the riddle of local
civic and economic'success.
increase in pay roll. The proprietor
or solicitor then starts out over the
city, in person or by mail, to inform
all in need of printing thai he is here,
equipped and ready to deliver to your
needs all that you may require in the
line of printing.
Figures are suomitlcu to you upon
500 letter heads, a circular or a catalogue. You discover by a process of
submitting your needs to different
printers throughout a radius of many
miles that so-and-so in such-and-such a
town will print your catalogue for ten
per cent cheaper figure. And you let
the work go out of town.
Now. how much of that money which
you have sent out of ihelejty in which
you are making a livelihood will come
back across your counter in the form
of purchases. Suppose the work does
cost ten per cent more—it does not—
but suppose it does?
Do not you yourself lose part of
your income when you help build up
the pay rolls of outside towns and
states and let your own take care of
itself as best it may?
When you lower the standard of
local earning power you are lowering
the chances of your own business success. Tlie merchant does not exist
<who can be continually successful by
taking part of the home town pay roll
for his profits and then deliberately
slighting that pay roll when he has
any purchases to make
The city, the county aud the sts^e
should come to realizb that, in the> ex-',
penditure of money tor home goods
the secret of success lies for the commonwealth.
The people should realize that, when
I they send their good dollars earned
within the city where they have itwilC •
tlieir homes ami factories, to outsida
j concerns they are deliberately robbing
I themselves and hurting all those who 1
liave the best interests of the home
town at heart.
And all state needs, all county
needs, all city and town needs, should-
and could be supplied by those who
make it possible for their well being.
Your success, your city's success,
and your state's success -will all swing
a tune to the "I'atronize-Home-Iiidus-
try" movement.   -
Get on the band wagon.—Wyoming
Labor Journal.
--m
,?*Mt n
-•■IS fl
Shiloh
quickly stop* coughs, cunt colli, and healt
the throat and lunn.      ;:      .'!      2a cent*.
Take,  for  Instance,   the  printing
business,
A concern comes to your city, invests money in the purchase of a printing plant, and brings to your city an
You do not wish
alum in your food
You desire to avoid it. Dr. Price's Cream Baking
Powder contains no alum or lime phosphate. Its
use is therefore a safeguard against objectionable
mineral salts which are left in the biscuit and cake
when made with inferior powders.
Chemists have shown that a large percentage of
the chemicals of which alum baking powders are
made remains in the food in the form of Glauber's
Salt, hydrate of aluminum and other impurities.
Read the label on the can. Reject a baking powder
unless the label shows cream of tartar.   Buy and use
DrPrices
^        CREAM
Baking Powder
Made from Cream of Tartar
No Alum
r
■\
f?
<\
If
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
atarwtmmmtmmttmammmttmmtmmwtm
It reaches Earner and Spender* It appeals to them because ii
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
Policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. S-
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest We might take this opportunity to express our appreciation for the service as rendered so far. We would also add that it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we
have run across in some time.
■■""' Mt—m      niir"-*--       - ■*■———-
"*""—■**"'* •
liJl__. • *■**.'.. *vrtffl*fa..       l-*9...**~,^*mm~ ,J*MalaMMM*M» * --»-i*W*:. -m,****.*-^* -■■■■■ *
- :-.-yt
■»c"-w-*»;^ft*5
P-^^^p^-T-x$&$ffjsg-T   ."      ■*. ;<^^^^^^-':-|k.;;K^-«1
'-iM
PAGE FOUR.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
frfr
SSICST
S '<f*1'
i)c Sishiri Cebger
Published, every Thursday evening at ite. office,
1 Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   Subscription $1.00
•jWp'. year in advance.    An excellent advertising
medium., Largest circulation in the District.   Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
'for. the execution of all kinds of book, job and
solor work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to tht District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
. Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
•DOING"—NOT DREAMING
AND ON EARTH PEACE TO MEN OF
GOOD WILL" (!)
Wiiatuvvr tliu skeptic, or  cynical  inclined  may
think with'rofVi'LMii'O to I lift origin of Christmas, lie is
invariably ready to admit thai it i.s a season when,
ii' only for a dny, human nulure strives to itttniti
ils highest ideals, and amplify the often repeated
assertion that, we are. children of one huge family;
born equal and dying equal, Imt arriving at various
■stages in a period of existence tliat  may or may
not lie the direct result of our own initiative.    The
rich parent, and the poor parent, at, this season are
animated hy the same desire; the former can give
bounteously, the latter sparingly.      And yet the
mother  of  the  orphan   will   experience   as   much
joy and as much pleasure Ln giving her offspring
the cheapest  of toys that   the wealthy  father or
mother experience in giving.their heir sonic extravagant 'present. If Ohristmisislias done nothing more
]'■ has certainly given human nature an opportunity
to exercise the greatest of all virtue*--Charily.
Trim, you will say it, i.s but, for one day; for just
one day of the 3Gf» you are prepared In assume lhe
obligations that the fraternal spirit -of human society has imposed upon all; for this one day may
condescend to recognize the claim that, the poor and
needy brother has upon you. and may be the means
of letting a little sunshine into his sordid existence.
True, you may look upon litis as a custom that, like
Church-going, has to he submitted to if one would
not attract too much criticism; or again, perhaps
you regard it as an atonenieiit? Well, however we
may look upon it, we have the consolation of knowing that to the little oties at least this is a season
to be looked forward to with great expectations, and
more than «;oiupeiisaLes one for llie callousness and
From an item on our front page il will be seen
that the Stockton Labor AVar, which at one time
threatened to assume very serious proportions, has
been amicably settled. It will be remembered that a
movement has been on foot am'ong the California
coast cities, to emulate the example of that greatest of all union haters, Otis of Los Angeles Times
fame, and the Merchants' and Employers Associations in Stockton 'thought it would be a grand idea
if tliey eould declare her "wide open" to all but unionists. It looked so simple that they started a
little too rough-shod. In the first place there happened to be several newspaper men in Stockton who
did not see, eye to eye with the ''-business" men of
Stockton. The newspaper men were not exactly
in clover, but they had never noticed'the "business" element display any marked disinterestedness in the town; so far as assisting things general-
ly.hence when called upon to give the labor-baiting all the publicity necessary, they refused to turn
on the juice at the call of thc dictators. Then—
then indeed, did the business element think they
had "cm cinched. "AVe shall remove all advertisements!" they howled. This threat, while a
very serious to a local paper, and tantamount to
cutting out its only source of revenue., did not
have the effect it would have had. had the brainy
ones been as generous with their patronage as they
were with their advice.
It was here, however, that one of the strongest
unions in the town was able to "put it over" on
"sliafTowness (TrsoeieCy! CImsWTl^Iir(u^Tri~ne(T~
esiied by Christians to the birth of Christ, at least
lives in tlie minds of the little ones as a time when
a little more than the ordinary share of good things
are forthcoming. So be it; it is meet that it should
be so.
Only ,the other day there was some comments in
the press about suspending the butchering in Kurope for a few days—to take a holiday, and begin
again after Christmas! Germany, il i.s snid was
willing (remember, not officially stated) but the
Allies were not, so the holiday will not mature, and
instead of exchanging gifts on Christinas day tbe
belligerents will exchange shots. There will be
no "l'eacc" for them. Ajitd yet there must be men
among thein of "good will "If
Six or seven million men straining every nerve
to iiiaiMi and kill —and what is" more, accomplishing
ii. Kathers and scuts who last Christmas exchanged gifts with their families lying in trenches
mniiit and weary; hollow-eyed and bestial in their
iinkept, uitwiish^l dirt, watching! watehiiig! to kill.
Who? IVrhnpK some kindly father who played
"Santa" wilh his little one lust year*, who is longing with a wislfnlness that in so tense lhat he may
be permitted to «ee his little one." again, exposes himself for that fraction of » second and en-
.ibles the wnifher to find his sight. The shot is
not distinguishable among the scattered sniping.
but lhat fatlier slips forward .m«l sinks nn hi»Tt
muss of flesh and bones, looking strangely grotesque in the stained uniform "lViiee." of a kind
thai no man iiuden-stands is his. l'ul who hu* done
this? Who has robbed those .sweet innocents of
llieir kindly parent ' Another father! A father,
who if he lives, will boast to Itis children of how he
*|iol lhe foe, and how he saw bim crumple up and!
slip down! i
And yel in thousand* ol' chtltvlie* elnnvlies inj
I'highind. Kniiice. (leriiiiiiiy. Austria mid I {11**1 it i
those words '*,,.. and on earth peace to men of j
good will," tiiloiied Ity clergy or cotitrrrgultoii, will!
%tt up in ih.uiksgiviiitf lhat Hi<- i* the birthday «>!
the I'niiee of I'eat'o!
And another prayer will »il*o go up    il  will In
prayer of count less little lot* kneeling ai then' moth-1
t*r s knee, praying   thut    their      diid-im"   iua>    Im
saved and returned to Ihem safelvr prayiiitf thstl '
-their paiviits will lie pi i s>'i vd from harm.      Oh!.
the ma nu Pact 111*61*8 and employers. The members
of the Typographical Union immediately applied for
permission to hold their jobs down for nix and thus
help the newspaper proprietors preserve their independence. The president o'f the Typographical
1'nion immediately wired hack that headquarters
would pay every printer in full themselves. Thus
the newspapers, or part of them, were hept intact i
and the little scheme immediately began to crack-
up; from that day on it looked blue, and was blue.
So long as the newspaper men could get their papers printed for nothing they did not mind a great
deal, and as the antis could not possibly get printers
to type their dope, they were compelled to relinquish one of their strongest tricks. The war
has now been settled, and we hope that the same
good sense that has been displayed in settling the
trouble will prevail on the board that is appointed to
handle all disputes.
The tradesmen in rhe California city were compelled to eome to reason so soon as thc worked M.sed
his wits to defeat them, and they realized that, tiie
papers that had been denied their advertising could
approach outside/Tirms and persuade the worker
to nurchase__their commodities throngli_mail_order
some undesirable competitor out- bf business.
Threats, extortion, blackmail and finally bomb explosions Avere Jhe .modus operandi in every ease.
In a few eases, to he sure, these employes worked
for themselves.
These poor little tradesmen, of course eould not afford to purchase the entire militia of the State or
enter into negotiations with such enormous industrial concerns as the Baldwin-Pelts Agency. They
are not to be blamed if they are not Rockefellers.
They did the best they eould, and were trying to
emulate Standard Oil. on a small scale.
liut their endeavors i*eceive little popular sympathy. There is now a ery going up for the "exter-
miriation of the gunmen." It was always so. The
small capitalist, or would-be capitalist, always has
the diee loaded against, him. Nobody,,loves him.
Ile is not allowed to employ on a small scale the
same means which his greater brethren use with impunity on a large scale. For, as the Scriptures
saith, "To him that hath shall be given, unci from
him who has not, shall be taken away, even that
which he hath."
Tlie law is decidedly against the small business
man iu this matter, and as usual he is not getting a
square deal.
Nevertheless, it will be a difficult, not to say impossible, job to deprive him altogether of the humble' services of his irregular bashi-bazouks. Business i.s business, and you cannot destroy competition, and the humble gunmen hrmeslf is but. one
form of that glorious principle which always brings
out the best that i.s in us, and after it has been
brought out, as in the case of Standard Oil, can be
turned against the other employes.
Those people who talk so glibly of "exterminating the gunmen" forget that competition is the life
of trade.—New York Call.
SELLING GERMAN GOODS IN PARIS
PARIS—The government tobacco monopoly,has
in a sense reused Prance to continue as ? purveyor
of goods ":dade in Germany," notwithstanding the
sentiment against the use of any goods except those
made at home or iu allied or neutral countries. At
the outbreak of the war large stocks of J&erman
cigarettes were on hand, and it appears that French
need, or possibly limit, demands their sale and eon-
sumption. -
Resolutions have been adopted asking public prosecutors to compel thc sequestration of all commercial,establishments owned 'by Germans or Austrians
that are continuing business under disguises.
The Socialist often speaks about "Economic Determinism," and if you do not know what that
means the, above should serve as an enlightener.
All the racial animosity engendered by the fight; all
the idealism ahout true patriotism is not forceful
enough to upset the Socialist epntention that ethics
are a second condition where material interests i-^re
jeopardized.
AVhat a queer lot of people inhabit this earth?
AVith the larger portion of the world scrapping over
a bone (Commerce) and many of those not in the
military camps wondering whore they are going to
got a meal, we shall soon bq treated to a lot of
"bathos" about "Peace on earth, good will toward
men" by the same individuals who are offering up
invocations to the Deity to "Give Victory unto our
arms"—Consistency, thou art a jewel!
HAD ECZEMA 20 YEARS
Cured b> Zum-ituk ,.-**'
Ur. Joseph JoHnson, 584 Broome St.,
Hew   York,   writes:*-\ " Oyer   twenty •
years   ago   eczema   appeared   on my ..
hands and face.    I went to a doctor.,
but his treatment afforded only temporary relief.   Finding medical attention and treatment of little avail I
commenced to try first one and then
another   of   the   so-called   remedies   ;
which wero recommended, but for over
twenty years 1 suffered from this painful, humiliating disease., During thia
timo I spent hundreds Of dollars and.
all I got was temporary relief.  At last
Zam-Buk was suggested to me; i de<
cided to give it a triM, but did not
-..xpect a cure.
"The first few applications proved
this remedy entirely different to the
scores of preparations I .had used in
vain. Perseverance with Zam-Buk and
Zam-Buk Soap, 1 am more than glad to
say, has effected a complete cure.
" Zam-Buk is beyond all question a
marvellous preparation and I most
heartily, recommend it tp all sufferers
from eczema."
Think of it, suffering day tn .and
day out for twenty years! Tit-ife of
the grip th'.s disease must have had
on the entiro sys»p"i ! ThinV of the
healing power of 7.1'"-Buk W>i-:h, do-
-lite the long-statuiins nature of the
disease, effeetpd a cure! How much
Tore easily and r"0"o quickly the euro
could ham 1>ern effrcteil hr».d Zam-Buk
been applied at the outset!
If v»'i puffer fro'i any skin diseasa
or injury, piles, ulcer, abscess, rhen-
r'?tt=im or s^'nlcn. take this ln'son to
lir.-rt Try Zam-Buk flrtt and give lt
a f..!r trial.
ft oil dr*-"-"'-*--*! and stores, or po,:t-
ri'd trt"*\ 7'",*-,liik Co.. Toronto '-V,
br.-- n f,,v Ji.55. Zam-Buk Soap. 2.">c.
taV"t. f>(»ti'l lc. sta^-p, this nd. and
paiia o* r.-)-r>pr. r*n»t ivp. ^\\\ mall you
free sample of Zam-Buk.
houses. Without the press this might have been
accomplished, but it would not have been so successful. Jt i.s another instance of what the producing
class ean accomplish if they will but combine intelligently lo defeat their common enemy. Some day
the worker wiil realize what he possesses; how eoni-i
pletely the other fellow is in his power, but to accomplish any thing he must first of all have an intelligent grasp of his power and how to use it. Internal abuse and strife will accomplish nothing;
it must be an intelligent disciplining of the worker
in. direct'Opposition* to' the cunning and capital of
the master class.
:ll
For Sale or Trade Cheap
David Starr .Jordau makes the statement: "We
who are outside of Europe may be most thankful
that we were born in it republic where no man is
made a soldier against his will." Evidently this
learned gentleman does not know that this assertion
is flatly contradicted by the Dick Military Hill,
whose conditions an* such that each und every American citizen must, under certain conditiona. don
i' uniform and go forth to fight a foe with whom hu
has no grievance. National egoism should not blind
us to facts,
The following is from "Press Citfttiiigs' A Topical Sketch,': performed at the Itoyal Court Theatre,
London, .Inly III It. 1!HKI. written by Bernard Shnw:
Mitcheiier: "That won't do for me. Don't he
weak-kneed, HalHquith.v You know perfectly well
that the real government of this country is and al-
. \iil',i.*i Ullht   In.  llli: JiuU'U.;,a:.j'.  ui' ll.l.  iii,tui.> \l}   il.i
; i-lnss("»*. You know that democracy is damned mm-
; >i iim-, it ttt i lhat no da** elands ic** ot it tiiiiu the
j working class. You know that we are already dis
i cn««imr the step's that will h.-tve tn be taken if the
iitlltitry should ever b<> fn'-c to Fee*' with the |»ossi-
J bility of a  Labor majority in I'jii'liittnent.      Vou
know that in lhat t-iiH*. we should tltsfniiu-liNc the
molt,   -mil   it  they   liuiiic  a   I'll**,  shoot   (lieut   iloWtt,
Yon knov   Hint if we tie-til public opinion to sup.
* port us. w<- fMti <*e! ;tiiy qiuititity of ii toiiiiufiU-lure.!
in our papers by poor devils of jonrtuiliiU «-|io will
AA7At >r.„UAXy,i AA'A.^."
For  flM'thrr   pull ii lliili*   ie   I bf  eohditinto.  of  lhe
1 ,Vt of Cotj«o!it|j)!ioji.
—When a Lady
buys Perfume—
—She chooses it with as much discrimination as she does her gowns and hats.
It must be distinctive in character—it must breathe
refinement—and it must be of strictly high quality.
Corson's Toilet Requisites fill all these requirements,
whether in Perfumes, Toilet Waters, Face Creams,
or Talcs.
They are composed of the most expen-
sive materials, carefully compounded by
skilled chemists.
organ
(perfumesSffiletfiegaisites
Corwo'i "IDEAL ORCHID" and Cwtoa'i "POMANDER" Iln* of
Fnfun*. ToOrt Water, Tkkwn Po-mbr, tte., mit particular faroritM.
Aik jow faffill ttt 10c iimpl* el tit OrcW tin. 1
SOVERF.IOM PERFUMES LIMITED    .    .    TORONTO, ONT.
(Etxhtitaty tmgagMliH tl* maaafartma ttfPerfnmn end 7WM Rtgaiiit**)
Three fully equipped Meat Markets
One each at Blairmore, Pincher Creek and
McLeod. Will sell the markets complete
with tfye lease, or the fixtures. Terms arranged to suit the purchaser.   Apply] to
The 41 MARKET Co.
FERNIE "—^ H:—~r-^—BTOT
IB
.1   Ifaiiisnv Mai'doii.-ild bus »oiii. to lhe fr
not.
Special   Sale
Boy's Suits
Uoys' .Suits, irood quality serstc; regular ^\."ai	
Hoys Tweed Sun*; rejiubir #4.OU ,	
Ladies' Top Skirts, good make. nuiKe from -fl.fl-i) to,
hnriicit' up-to-date Overcoats, nt Hnlf price.
Come in and See our Prices
of
13.50
$3.26
$450
Don't min Santa Gla.ni' Fiih Pond which will be here on
Ohrittmai Eve
IWK Shoi-tt nod Uitbbi
be wild «t Mint.-
*'•*. for I! n, Wotue'i anil -t'luMreu vi-Hi
A« F« HADDAD
■^mi^^w      *^hp   w      -mm*wmm*tmmwKm*^BBiw mmmmm ntmttttt WKtttw
THE QUALITY STORE OUARANTBBS QUALITY, PRICES
AND GOODS
CHRISTMAS CHEER
»It
$1.20 for $1j
Better than Beer
3 PORK PIES 25c, 1 CAKE SHORTBREAD 20c
1 XMAS CAKE 50c, 6 RASPBERRYPUFFS 25c
And not near so dear
■ztcsaaaawttaBsmmimammBmommi^mmomommmmmm
One Dollar Special Ticket
AT
Ratcliffs Bakery
Pellat Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.
low  impo-.**'!,!'-'      Tin- *w"H   nm".•'•nf  .-Iiiid  h-'Ii-h-    .i. if.-inisiiy .\uii'(|oii,-ii.i iihs »ion,. io un- iron,,.	
.if.,*-tt .,* ii*.- mnt!„**-'*■ I-**,*,* .tm-j mi) r„itii'*t.' -tJitii ««»* ii• « fitfhter but im ii itiointi-H* of the .\iiit»iil«»ne H.'-|
...,«.,. ;♦.*■ f.fi,**,.  *h,< H.oit< ("• **i"iv*: **, «iii*.' o'«'<"»*' iwrttneiit.     He him not h^wo-d lm niiti-miHtnr-i-«t I -       ■  J - '■'■   "        :-  ,; •'— - ■ "***'I"i"" ""-"*"'"""
*«i.r on.- ,'U-.-\ uwwr ti. i.e si.oi •   Tin- Vim! it ui * '«j"'<*»»»" ^ithi,^i .h-vpit,' the titt.--i.p!« to give»j MAGISTRATE SPEAKS FOB ZAM-BUK
..'iiMplWty nf tht,* ,*U*Ul in «»«' M.it*«}t*».<"iMty. hut *b»>,, different iiopn««*»ioi!i l.v |wirti«»n« of »!»»• |»r»»<t*.. ' •■«■■■■■■■»
p«iU«'Sp»liou of rhrNtiaii iiatiufi* in wnr im the;    F»r thi« \»M IVnw Prize hv m West Ku ri. IvMi-'
ovsvi fr.'-Mf'H -tivoP to anv Sin»»-.--" • lt«-if— t...-»*vtt,|»*    km*.-hi.  hI»» V..1.-.I ntjiiiti-i lh- Wm* HmI*,'-'   *o lloll" U .4&t"itrthl.'   to  -*i||>|»o»f  liiat   tio-  *Utfi,'<*,-4.-d \ 'Jernuitl  lfi-ii-h>.ti:t*.
ini-»» for t'limfmitH xxh* iiilrinln«'ed with lhe i,U-n> IL-^t      uT        t .      «• -
Htm ,.fi..r a period of (M>n-e ne.Hn r .»i.t..o„ *„iii.|       ANOTHER INJUSTIOB TO THE SMALL     ' —■ -!*^«,?^J!!5!5t?.^^«^«?^^-
tit*-*,- tin- hardihood to ivmiim- lh,' -,liii'.-yl-. foil thU BUSINESS MAN
1% not mi, NittioiM have don<- lliH en oft,<ii that; ,\fl« r *i dotiM'tiiimil ati*l rrhtith <■■>* *U-n!iiiiitf op.
li i* iW» tun I lo think lluii .i hIiuj-i 1h,hi!;»v i- hi,* -ty ^ i-r;»lioj». th«- pujin- Iwir **«pSiuv«l n loio.li *»l" " #im-
t„ *'r,f!;)*''.-*•.- -civ l-o-i'i'it"  ,t,':,i*i.     V*.   -Mi   -t, ,11  .*..*.      * ,.,,**,*..»., ,,,*.',t.' ■ r ..*•■,   y *,,',   ,(.«•,.,,,*,*..,* ■-,•■.),*<;,'.
or«(»* ('lit'itfliitt**; \x** itlutll littlt-i* tt* iioi.».- u>•*'«!». ■ ».o:t» ot ii»«- l»>i iori-<- oi-miUi*. nod <*«,v*t'n «i|' ih«*n»
4oit vi** (f»r Ilia? il «ilt In- with :v> ,i\ifn! ■*■ .-:is*-;..*.s«* luu* .-i»»n"<•-*"•! or ni!,f.-f «r,- *.*,',',\ ^onf.--..,!!!!,'.
ItfOt ibrtt, it W tht* in'OM" of hiloiiio iio.t.1,.,,..,. ;,. «!■»)■»-,' i'**\ h.m- n-rf :,. *.*i \i hoj^-i itnhr»r*Ii*pir>d tJlfRMi**"!
i*»* *t*tt*r aitfti ■witr'in vthiU* tlteri* nrr ,1'iUntu*. t*t nifn* Hut »•«.<»,nt*U '** ky-'tirm i-» *.hf.ir tfh-nt lh** «*r
firn")? tr'tth M"i""i* m**tlem ilfxh-r- ate'vitf t,*t ti,.^t ,,,,..,. |,,,.s,,*>( .lOpft,,,',.,) • , *t. '•..,,^*^*l»i,r
Hint doifigtirf! th« tgrMttrnl .nml tfmiHii>*t '
"1/'
*—led""'"
".V9%
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
•nd p«i«ofui stcurity ■■ weU,
With a policy In our oM Uno
ownpaity, yon mo go ott on your
va»mton or vl»tt tb9 min of tbo
mtth .«*o4 ymi know yonr* m-
cure.   Th« bett tn
tint iNtun^Nct
t* «l*o>« e-li-Muim* «hl rt(^M»ol-
oily m wboo it tlo*«n i vo*
hlKtiiT. Don't d. .ay about that
l*tH-ft«! or «lwii-t lhat enm Sn-
mirtiB«« tm wnM bnt eome rlgbi
ttt nt onee and bnt* It flit-fnilmj
to,
M _   gmwmm-mmmtm-m^
• MMto   MmJBm-9 JL' Jn JB#JE%
•OU AOBNT FOR FgflNII
ALEX BKCK BLOCK, » VSRMIB, ■. C.
■!«■
M*«ittnt« nmy, ofOoMAttds ».C, btllmt la mnbb*t i
• tr**-! litter bwmm. Vttmimr at /.*■»■ H«*. i»w rm »OTiii»-h!tM
i aaia, ht my* t—"Mm * amy mt tt Mt t tmae pr*mO <tmn* Hak
twwcatlriaiHlMMnr. laaiy «im it cwwi • lUo mit ol tm
i vtan'iuVUaf wbichMikiatith^lbnaabk ta^aay gpwl
tar. t *mM wiuialjf taeawagt nny fttem fo httn Z««i*itak
' la Mi boun*." Tht m*fhtrtuliniiit« rwtit. Eitry homatmih
Zawtall   Uawpwllrt for -tail, fare*, brwicy amaia. Mood
mottmnhnn. bam ton tmytbt.
DONT MECLECT THAT 80BE1
ACMcoco md wi Jon mm bom itoooptmm*
Iftf »f i->inj tuna iHffoct -nf a *m»H anrr,    Dmtt
.... .*   ,., „ r„t    ^ m*l**l rtl.9,*.*9.*i    t. 9tt r,t-i9i*  .ttt.
„1 *tij khri, 'tht llf to fitt et'-mbm term*,
w*i(ia(tattMt*apUMlr rrQ tcwli* ia m§*atn
m*m,*tmofa,ttc laZaai-BaktaialtiT. gmn-
ttm k m Wpt* tatiMftit tbat tmbtt to aay
*kiadW*teoila|wyU»*k«M«id|iii*oaiatfaa-
ptnmbU.    la wmk Zaa»-Bab yoa baw ibrta
-jiaiiu'aiiJiii'tuiM.JiiuJiJ'i.ji' i» 'iin i mi
A OINUINI OFFIlt
fomm*,    la omg 2aa»-Bak yoa baw tkwt
ttn^M^^MA<aw MMi^tt *nm mt -tMiw ■■ KhmwHw t^n ^-uwajjkuM
tmS^StmamtOi.  TrT it wttbmi m*f.
Tf t ******* at mm tammttt
aanmammmmmnmmmo*
ttt atfmlM* tbt x**b1m tttm by tt* waa <
,99* ,    "if * r,i.*  r,r#n4««it>^« Xt Wt**t *.tit* tXttt*    <nntt   ■ftttmX/l
, ^^.....^ ^^   ..I, || , Mtlwitt b S^MlttJW .Mb MM, *. ^MIHMIIh JMIIMHi^alKril.^^MII■lkH■U■k,
wttiwtNfiniM towttyii*mtiy *mtttotm**tm[*tftto*if
mk." To««wyp»naBtablaKtblttfawtra«ay,ii>dow»nt
*M«^B^ t.,9 -^^(M ^^,^mmm ,^^mA9M^J* ^^^t ^^^,^m ^9^* J^|tt ,9M   a*Jt^  BUM
■MMptia pay itiaia fmaa^tj MiwMiMiHn ar ama P*par
ta ZM'IMt Ca, ftmmt* tmt tm om mnUfm otmt tmtnm
ofUrn-tUt.  Ttn-Vth Mffttfybuhl,n*i1v*hhtflttMtitt
a&Sa mM tUlttMm mmX&KBbmto*. m*& mw*m-m*t^t ^^u^^^jb^ *m* LjuJI m^i^m^^m tt
mmtmjtotamtmmtm, t*wwtaqgnKaa*mmanaa.jm.^ii
j far fi.i).
i«f?o;j>
• fi
•1'iii'iofi    hiiiiirt'iily.
I
■i it.*•'«'!i:ioii in • not
l> !
illsO:
♦
'U*
,1
I
,'K* "'"t.-.-.i-"   ■:r'\^'"y' V';°"
it; *
£•{■*- J.*<2V
.*. •'<<)■
£
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
lj.:j
PAGE FIVE
*
of The   District Camps
>
«
!*•
■-»
l-R
\>
fi
ll
0»
♦ - '     ♦
«♦         COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ - .    ♦
Siu-ce our last issue.notices were
posted tbat the mines would resume
double sbif t
•The general meeting of club members was held on Sunday afternoon
in tne Club Hall, President IM cFegan in
the chair. Minutes of previous meeting were read and passed and balance
sheet thoroughly discussed. Nominations for officers took place, and all
positions, with exception of president
and secretary were contested. Balloting for officers takes place Sunday
next, after which an adjourned meet*
ing will be held.
he local 'branch of Trites Wood's
store up heTe is replete with everything seasonable. On New Year's Day
tho youngster's will receive their usual donation of candy, etc. The storo
will -be closed Saturday, Dec. 26.
It is evident that the feed given to
horses in this enlightened suburb is
far in excess of that provided at
Fernie. rrhe other dny we notice a
"horse in such a hurry to get back here
that ho waited neither for cutter nor
master.
We Tegret to report that as a result
of the accident which befell Harry
"France last (week, the doctors deem
it necessary to amputate some of the
toes of the injured foot.
•   The.   children    of    the   Methodist
Church are' anticipating a  heavenly
time on the 23rd.    Arrangements are
being  made  upon   a  most elaborave
scale.
The arrangements for the New
Year's Day concert to be held in the
Methodist Church is going apace.
Popular prices, popular artists and the
beBt of refreshments. Come in thousands!
The local "Moose," as usual, were
on hand to install and entertain at
the smoker on Monday last.
Tlie local Conservative Association
(in whose company were several alleged "faithful") journeyed to Fernie
to "drink" In the words of wisdom
that the "Legislative Hills" poured
forth on Friday evening last. . Why
these functions do not start earlier
and thus give the "faithful" an opportunity of getting a right-ful share
of the wisdom, is beyond our comprehension.
The (Board of Management of the
club intend to run a whist drive on
the evpriing of 26th, to start prompt
-at 0.30 p.m.   Rn tries close at 6 p.m.
Mr. John T. Dixon has laken a trip
to Fort William on receipt of the news
of his sister's death.
A cave in No. ii1' slope delayed the
output somewhat on Tuesday morning.
No   Matter   How  Well
You Feel
Your appetite is bound to feel the need of something exceptionally tasty antjl good at this particular season, and
being careful ahout the meat you fancy is an important factor.
Government Inspected
Meats
K?pt fresh and clean until served ou the table is something
high grade meat that our prioes are high.
"QUALITY OUR HOBBY"
The 41 Market Co.
(Miss Townsend, one of our school
teachers, is very busy these days instructing the children in the art of
carol singing. We await "de-warble-
ments."
Santa has "aerographed" that his
whereabouts Christmas Day morning
will .be in the vicinity of Coal Creek
Club, although he does not hope to
be visible until 11 a.m. The juvenile
element will take note.     Yoa bet!
From now on all applications for
relief must bc made to the committees
for the respective districts as follows:
Slav Town and Riverside Avenue:
-Mesdames Stoadley, Dixon and Hugall.
•Morrissey Cottages: Mesdames Poxon
and Reid. Coyote Street, Mesdames
Wortliington and Miard. Welsh Oamp
and French Camp, Mrs. Dave Martin.
It Is earnestly hoped all will govern
themselves accordingly..
Among the nlany Christmas festivities billed for this town Is a social
dance to be held in the Club Hall on
December 25th. Dancing commences
at 9 p.m. prompt. Refreshments will
be served, while tbe Percy Orchestra
will discourse sweet strains. Popular
prices! Ladies free, but will be expected to provide the eats.
♦ BELLEVUE NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
The regular meeting of Local 431
convened as usual with tho president
in the chair, supported by a fairly
good crowd. The minutes of the pre.
vious meeting having been read and
adopted without comment, correspondence was the next Item, which included a communication from International informing us it would be impossible to exonerate our members
wno are engaged in thc European conflict. '
A communication was received from
Local 1058 who desired our co-operation in their efforts to obtain a more
equitable agreement with the local
doc-tor. The communication was tallied until our next meeting as it was
impossible to give it the attention ;t
undoubtedly deserves owing to troubles of our own.
dent Phillip's communicate with Pre-
s.dent White to find out if the International arei; iprepared, "as they have
at all times stated," to make the operators live, up to the agreements in
existence. Also that District.IS Executive Board communicate with the
Minister of Labor and inform him that
we resent the Department of Mines'
action, in drafting legislation of the
nattiro of the two orders-iu-councll
which went into effect on December
lst without previously notifying us of
their intentions to .give us a chance
to adjust our prices, which is the
most important to us,, as sellers of
"Labor Power."
The trial ol sonn> of tho residents
of the Riverside District, who have
built themselves shacks on Government land took plai-e today, Tuesday.
The men were defended by Mr. Ostlund. The result of the trial was Unit
they were ordered to pay the law costs
and given to understand that no further proceedings would be instituted
until the month of May, 1915.
A miner was charged and convicted
of having placed more than the maximum amount (1 pound) of powder in
a shot hole. He pleaded guilty and
was fined $n.00 and costs, $8.50 in all.
.lames  Rurke  defended  the  accuse!
An Executive Board meeting U being held at the Frank Sanatorium today (Tuesday) to discuss the Bello-
vue powder question.
A fire started in A. I. Blais' store
on   Monday,   hut   thanks   to   prompt
through the present system. It would
benefit nobody and injure nobody but
the ipetty middle class exploiters who
now rob the farmers.
It is now high time for the Socialist party of America to begin serious
discussion of an agricultural program.
Lt is useless for us to invoke the aid
of Isaiah, Herbert Spencer, 'Dlackstone
or other philosophers or prophets. It
Is a question for the Socialists of the
Twentieth Century to decide and it
must be decided from a practical and
scientific standpoint.
We can do very little it may be true
to force the evolution of agriculture
along soL-iul Hues. Hut it is equally
futile to try to revise the Democrats'
proposition of smashing' the trusts and
apply it to the land question. What
we have got to do is to propose a
means of stopping thc exploitation of
the farmer, and lo do this we must
find where the greatest exploitation
comes in.
We think that a study of this year's
i-roji markets will convince those who
have not already come to that conclusion that the farmer is first and most,
grievously exploited iu the markets;
and that this is a national question
and can only ;«e hettled by the i-anm
process of soci.i'izatioii that w'S't settle
tlie question of the labor market. Then
and only then can the uncertaii -.j if
demand be eliminated and thc cert-sin-
ty of price equal to the real value of
the farmer's product be introduced.
Of course there are dozens of re
. _„   , ,. ..* writ.* •■.•J t,\J j'l \S11JJJV    j —-*•**-  -        «» V M**MW«»»J        **LT»
location very little damage was dono.! tornm,  that  would   help  the  farmer,
A verdict of accidental death was
returned in connection with the fatality that occurred here the other week.
It was recommended that a quicker
method of communication be established between the mines and the
hospital.
AGRICULTURE   IS   AN   ENSLAVED
INDUSTRY
J«.   Xat L. Hardy
Many of our pet contentions for
(propaganda purposes have been uprooted during the past three months.
We have been shown not ouly Ohe ne-
TheiPIt committee reported having I cessity for 8traighi thinkinK ,but the
dmLe=j<^dis&hl«Uuia^
the WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
60c. awl Upwards      *
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per ftaj
super. -The main entry In No . 2
Mine, which Is the travelling road for
a large proportion of men, was in anything but good shape owing to large
rocks, timber and water coming down
the chutes in certain parts. This the
super promised to remedy us soon as
possible, also that he would take steps
at once to present the powder from
getting frozen. It was also promised,
owing to the number of petty thefts
that are constantly taking place, that
the wnshhouse will have all entrances
locked, excepting the one which (s
always under lhe supervision of the
washhouse man.
The washhotisn will, of course, be
open for the men when going and coming off -shift.
ASK FOR
FIVE ROSESJLOUR
The WMs Best
campaigns
Nowhere is this more true than in
the agricultural districts where the
stock in trade of many Socialists (?)
agitators < lias been it rather loose
statement of tbe Single Tux position
on the land question. This fall's cotton situation has thoroughly discredited this panacea and shown that the
only remedy that can relieve the farmer is the socialization of the dom In- j sing
anf national industries.
Agriculture Is un enslaved industry.
It Is not only the working farmer that
is a slave of the landowner but the
land owner and the land itself Is the
slave of the well wganiRed financial
and commercial Interests which control tho manufacture and transportation of the nation, and this year the
landowner- even the large planter—
and possibly there might be some mea
sures of laud taxation that, would be
a temporary relief. Surely the educational facilities ot the rural districts
could be improved and the isolation
and drudgery of country life relieved
by -;ui introduction Pilous Socialistic
lines of some of the accessories of
civilized  life.
But the important message for the
Socialist to carry to the farmer is that
the Socialists would first return for
value produced and would next socialize his market and assure him the
•■ti-txiiuum "vtvrn for value in educed
and would next socialize his mothods
of production and assure him of the
maximum efficiency in riroducing und-
^LCMdUlonst^jsJil£h_ai«_iia*douhtedi
the methods of our largest or richest
Industries.—American Socialist.
FERNIE   METHODIST  CHURCH
Owing to a continuance of the pre
nont prosperity, it has become neees-,.   .     ■     .  ..„„„ ,. .u ",    '„. ,.,.„.
'    . '. t   ■  i       .  i s Just a» helplens as the tenant nml
nary that some support be given toi
those who are without a job, and]
whilst our whmiuer in in anything;
hut a prosperous condition, n com-j
mittpo will set out Tuesday to issue I
relief to thone who aro entitled to It, ■
\V<> hUi had the pleasure of listen- i
lliu to Predednt Phillip*, who gave a1
nummary of his experiences since as-j
sinning office, chimh lally with r©fi»r-
t'tu-e to our present method of arbitration, which If It had not so much *
The Annual Christmas tree entertainment will be given on Friday even*
at T.iio. An excellent cantata will be
rendered, entitled, "The New Suntn
Claus." Come and hear the children
Children belonging to the
scliool will be admitted free. Adults
U.'i cents, t'liildren, not members of
Uie Sunday scliool, 10 cents.
On .Sunday evening there will lie a
special Christmas' service of song
called "Glimpses of llethlehein." This
includes eleven selections, together
\\ ith solos, and will make a muH-
cal treat that all are Invited to enjoy,
Mr, W, Dicken .will give a short address on "HeflcHHions of Christmas
tide."
"We want you, Hoy Scouts, for
braver things than wnr. We want to
make men of you, strong, kind, alert,
vi«iiniii,s, liflptiil men, useful to your*
! »r.
They are not ijiilte so near the star
vatlon point It Is true; but.ihey re
not for the same reason that the wage
worker that owned! his home or hud a
haul; account Js uoi unite so near-the  -	
breadline as hi* more unfortunate tel- j nelvcx, io your iit»igh!io!% to your
low*. They have no more economic i country and to the world. For thc
power merely a little surplus to Hy world (ofluy I* one great nation, and
upon. i u hater*r helps or hart* one part of It
When the cotton panic spread terror j aids or Injures all.     One In a great
bread and butter involved, would "bo!0Vfir ""' *'""," l|,i* fa" "? 0UU lH" m \ *i,l,u U',, wwiii tt¥wit   H0,dU'T"-     H
hiffhly humorou*    Preshteht 'PhlllUw' lan<l,olr<,* <*T lh* »»»»>«*'»» men uwd* \m -xll t*u> time as boy* uu t n»
gave us  the result of his' Ititmleiv ! who ,,v* 'nrw,l> rtff ""' "mkln*,am'  '"""• »n'1   "   w'"'rt   >0"   <-,w»r*>'w''
with our Oeneral Manager at Illaif.'er* ,Hwl "* ,ak* unf"lr •^•"N*** »' «)iolei«iue and lilKliKplritcd. lit to .:«
imore over the restricted uh of ,iow.!,1,p IWM"t<,0D of *hw <*M'nl» and »'Hb<><mI *<"*• a,,! »;'»w« ,0 dw u *',t5s
der which ha* been In vogue here for IuU)  ArWk*n'     T,"> ,,w «v«r>tl.l»» j abounding   Joy."       Wyoming   l.ahor
I Home Mm-,     ft ws« .i,»n'.ren» thy i-i »,h"v cmUl to m ,0 ,,0,,, ,h* ,,ld »>'•" I ■!«"«««».
llie progresn had been mA* in arriv.{,rm "" »n(1 *,,e" b,,h8,n,m* w,u* °" »' \    Wt.*n w«rkn.,-.i arc owi.IxhI the,
Ing nt anything .-oncrete n. ihe *h:W Ilh" Mim> oUl *">'• 'nr" ""l a^"1 °r lf,*"1K lb*,r j,,b* "'
I or an adjustment nf prices   a*  Mr*    ''""   "^>*M'i»,*li,   uml  'w>u«» l'«ul' ithe wiiitn ota forvmnn or miimWiH-ihI-
\ti,,9i.nt.t..9 filial .« -       t. ■-imovemwiU aro monuments to the in*Un*.
(Jiarbonler faiiwl t» see where our   ,„ . .    ,  , . , *    ',      I
■ffff en*y   of   ih»' r good intentions.
\!'t
■ff.
turning ^-apicity hnd depreciated owing to Ihe rej-trl*f-tf»d une ot powder,
and   stated   that   iihIcsm   President
Phillips  (tntlil  give   him  specific  In-
i maticps, the i^n^m! nnnater tmugen-
I t*il  the  Interview  htti'  lirttt»r  c-jid.
|    Iti'fihSnjt  to  teversl  <|»jfl»tion*   tjie
j President st4U.l  thai  Ue. tmrnoimlb,
j aoalil k« slai ntxen tbe one of i»w*
jdwr was eH»ti»»t«i, and hts prlnHpiI
yt,i%m,  ***•«-• .*!«.• •im-ni'sr-* uri»iiig I rom
y-Mtlotian*..
I    In this, however, tb* iwnsliVni bm'
'an «pft«n*nt, *f» i »ook the floor  nul
liut the Kjsteni depHiiliMl on the "htirh-j    Then- will be a rally of Uie <r. *J  !
I'l'-m,*:1     The cotton market, like Rlljitnii ,|i.,i;lrijnent ot llie MMlitrillH Kuu-
otber market*, ar.; national ami lnt#r),!«,■ H,.hrt0| oll wvinenday, licc«>tnb.-r''
natlonnl nymemi of credit* nnd when hmb, at 3 p.m      All mother* of ia*
ihey brrsik down nt the head, or when  ..msr-wHini. ore in\|t.-.« to '.rlnv tli.-t
Hie
fund   «>imee*kt<*  thp   nnrket,   Uie'i^),^
,*»«r|i nllunl   iwdu-Mr'e*   miffef.       Thej
l.'.i;■iior-1,   iln    iM'iiJiiisi!   aiid   b.uik*r,
,.\   ten   ru-,ih"   h,i..
the
1
;.,.|*:*1   I*   |-»
t|.d   The^l-e
'»'•< IJMOU   .dl'
„s.4    it.:..
Send/or Five Roses
II Cook Book—
i atrc a uvc'x a caoo «tta»« tmm,
COtfCKV
Im. «,! *mm  Ml
  * 'i'*. tm* -runtn
Jl L..
II  In*:
A» tr wil****!* tl tm*t *m* tttmiiirl
99-19*991, vm* •. ,.. ta*tMillan««MV«,'i
Ain* Lmid MNM>«k «W wmi «)■■■ at a*M *»»i
9, 90, if «f -At '   X-91  \m9tt (itnUf ,ln*\rl .,1
w-..'u«Vn4 try inmumtr** »<fl««% *
LJ
mmwm.tmmM.tm.-w..*m tmt m^Mtt imti^ttatm
DtrntlBCTORfl,  FERJflE, B 0.
Ii.Mi-Wuml Ci*.        W-wWrn Qnonti* Wttdmtto
.I'lfied ituyutii' to tir-ov* t»»;it f*|i»o-
'•mnn frurn lht> n*"- of pnWiler Iki.I ,*■**•
j»<»t«*d more- lh»n their n'oate ot soil
,.,.„..  ...,.„   «*^»**. ■*  »» tetwtoao  nx   ike
''*;»f;i'1*.t-r. ii a it Un* $r*tr*t, in kt* «***
\p*rl*n**. Port be* *hy *bwoi-t -a-** ■- j>*.
,| hext* sll the twnMP#|t« lhat •eieni-e hxH
fflven n* in the* winning of a v,>-n
,t-- .77 . •«■*<.* .*.»*'-».* wwmI} ior m**
;»*o«ifon of aoetHf? Whnt rm*on ti
.there for it man tli.tit hi* U*' nttr •
I of ent-rnx in llw f«ln«ine of * p|r*
at)*n » *ben *llf »!eM fur litor- mn
. thtn ■* mnn dltolnn all tisty* ltat!i.-
-Irt il* S'f*f«f !«* tbn t*'tt"-t''': • **f "
ii*.'.ui* eni li»mu of <Jiwr, «n>] thtn
^Ttir-re   *t'n  *m»   w   f»   -     i ,*. 4,
ybi,ul'.x,n 'ii tbe niii:*' thnti ifccrr- h 'n
lihoottng oat aid*
I    Attar t ir.oa*  K^m^r*  h*n
Ay.air oi»loI«j»* et tbe ttmtter
I twetm*rottot*   o    awtewil'tet- ,
sw#r» e*l*et*t tr* i»<*/^n»ri-n*j- r
tit.»t dent dlrerlly with the f*r»»er and iln   imtlel oft   i
-.•« nt v.- m"*ib> ■»- •■ '.t,'-yn rt ■;,',*, , ,„,„„„,.,. h
•?r!enH!in!  itt*tr!"M   :ir*<   m»i»«.!'.   *••■ | •■;; ,    |},ii-.,>,    c
«'ond«ir> ttnronlt**, \**tr'.*b i Ferule - "
They Koiise th». ranner It I* iriie, i .. ..■-.. '
f.e.1 iit«-v wHI h»Vf ttt he r>wired hut'' '*■*•''• Itt-fi-r. Tfi\Menti:«'t. «V*< t'rr |
ilulr rnnoT.il without th* remmit ot\tt'*- u >m *»»'• >'ft',r «rojihl« mou»t.|
the dominant  nptulwt   rtau   wouhl. „t,    K\Ut m l% vali      Yo« rin mnt
pi*,  r-i'-Hpi*    *l.nn     **i%**tt.,.
,„.,,..,,,, ,
»,!!     !,..,.*»     **,..<
mmm | <l*»»rtef
l'4i<irv"<   mrtrt«»r»te*   wnrtr t
Classified <ds.-Cefll a WorU
Vh.'My** Ui iU«irK<kitt nntt pt**,-nt
r!r»n
' ttm:
htsv.
1 tytttttnltni
fKnr«!J»r. i
li the  *5l«"»**l   \
»i» mmrtnx.ti th
■iiKjiirtr.
Strength Past
Fifty Years
cat U mttetthmi hy
\nitflk$ tWritkMwU*
r cut, tai JUtmtn'n own oA-
hoi fa Scott'* Emoftinrt
in* ffrvaftbrari! tkostfsAi af Mt
."-,! '-rmtn tt tmthm llwfr wwl
. J uii Jmm ht wk$ jeut.
s.T.*H't Emimtaian h a f «4L« »«tt-
i.'  and a tor k lo Imp tUe
t i..b. evud fa-nmnikm
* -»-w-»»t "*f**itm t*"nin*l''.r •
. :.*, i ti.-isx tajufibti* snJUb
-..'trbormtatlbo**  Tbnhmi
• ini.* f'•■* r'.t# it.      j»-M
vtm hauk i*« .sr-*,-* nood f»tt.i,
',% milen ff.-i «'.*«: i
:t-romn*''»t *bu-¥-. but
Will     **ll     rh-r.,',.        A|'(
Itlllrrviii, Al;
rtfCfd bfnkefi: :
Utot   'M-t'f-r; '■
\,   It*.ii.«l.e- -k, {*
t ' *	
"mTi5*Ti  t'i.'..
tin* Vht,ti..
Mb, Ts'i,, (*■
P.* o. !*■**•,
, \   -a*
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'. imprtV
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i Kvr.ft--
'. .'i,.i,. >   ,..!
■ oui'! miike
i»,!.ii>,  Ht,
- *     Vt: ,'■ '.'.**',
Mr,. I. HOIS
Mntemitf Here* f.*1, Dtitu* Av*.
Pm*i*. ».' C. Pt'tm iff
^ "FRUIT
SALT"
m
*w
Arm You Billious ?
WHEN «ubject to biliousness. <he liver u
employed in getting rid of excessive
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Salt exercises e, simple but definite action on
the hver, by vrhich the secretion of bile is
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Order a bottle TO-DAY from your dealer.
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Page SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
¥-
The German
Socialists Think Now
Troelstr-^ Has   Interview  with   Bern.
- stein   ana   Haase
I*'
By Adrian Peter Troelstra, Leader of
the Dutch Socialist Party
For the moment it is Impossible to
get to know the opinion of the German
1 Socialist rank and file about the war
and the tactics pursued by the German Social Democratic Party,-,but it Is
obvious that tl* majority of them approved, the action of the 'Parliamentary
group on August -1 in supporting the
War Budget, indeed, that that action
was largely due to the conviction held
by Socialists that it was necessary to
maintain the national dignity av.d independence of Germany in the (:v-*i of
Russian moblization.
Socialist Feeling Changing
However, the question uow arises
whether, the further course of the war,
the sacrifices of money and men which
have already been made, the sacrifices
of money and men which will still be
required, and the more complete knowledge of the events which led to the
war—whether these influences will not
alter the sentiment of the party.
I am positive that many of the leaders of the German Social Democracy
would welcome such a change, but
with this qualification—no member of
the i>arty wishes to see Germany defeated.     At the most, they wish the
war to be indecisive, so as to leave no
nation crushed, und, above all, so that
the power of Tsarism in Russia itself
may be sensibly hurt by the war.
Readers of sonic of the German Socialist newspapers will know, however,
that in some circles within the Party
the influence of German Imperialism is
mnking itself felt, an influence which
expresses itself in au extremely inimical feeling towards Britain.
I rejoice' to declare that the Executive-Committee of the German Social
Democratic Party cautiously apposes
all Chauvinistic (Jingoistic) utteranc
es, and considers it to be its duty to
prevent the national sentiment which
has revealed Itself In the party from
degenerating into the "nationalism" of
the bourgeois parties.
Bernstein on Britain's Action
1 deem this anii-Brltlsli current in
our party in Germany to be so dangerous that I took particular pains to obtain the fullest possible information
wherever I went concerning the relations between Germany and Britain.
1 asked I'M ward Bernstein, with whom
I passed some interesting hours, what
hn thought of the attitude adopted toward Britain hy some German Socialists.-     He answered thus:
In German Social Democratic circles'
strong differences exist as to the mo-
men i and Parliament to take Russia's
side, instead of remaining neutral in
the Uusso-Austrian conflict. A number of our members think it was Britain's determination to keep the domination of the seas and to -be freed from
troublesome German competition—or
at least to impair that competition—
which caused her to take the Russian
and French side. They hold 'Britain
more or less responsible for the present war, and the weakening of her
strong position in the world Is to
tliem one of the principal objects io
be achieved by the war.
I consider these ideas to be wrong.
Britain has not got the exclusive dominion of tlie seas at present, nor will
she have it in the future. Even were
tlie German Fleet to be totally crushed, which is, however, out of the question, ihis event would only cause a
different division of sea-power, it
would not cause Britain's extraordinary demands at sea by means of the
development of international law.
And this we can do, for already a
great number of these claims have
'been gradually set aside in this manner, and even in Britain there is a
strong current of opinion favorable to
relinquishing others as antiquated.
In the same way the Idea of getting
rid of German competition by war has
ish industries. Germany is not the
only, nor the most dangerous competitor of Britain in the markets of the
world.,
- Since the beginning of the century
Britain's foreign "trade has increased
more than that of Germany in proportion to her population.     In my opinion, the fact that Britain has taken
the side of Russia is due to the grouping of the European Powers in a Triple
Alliance and   a   Triple Entente, and
should be appreciated as such.     We
Socialists have foreseen the danger ot
that division of power, and we aspire
to replace it by a tjnited  States of
Europe.   Even during the present war
we ought not to lose sight of that aim.
For ourselves (the Dutch Socialists)
and other Socialist parties outside Germany, it is all-important to obtain an
explicit explanation of the conduct, of
tho  Social Democratic Group in  tbe
Reichstag on Augusts.     In one of my
articles in ,llet Volk I raised the question whether   the . German Socialists
would not have acted better by abstain from the vote instead of voting
in favor of the War Budget.
I learned tha this suggestion was
seriously discussed in the party, but
the advocates and the opponents of
voting for the Budget agreed, almost
without exception, that a party repre-
sentlng a third of the population could
ready been entered was accompanied
by the acknowledgment that an injustice had ibeen done which would be
repaired. This communication, according to the reports,-caused a great
commotion in the Reichstag. The
agreement between the different parties that—in order to impress foreign
countries—no discussion should take
place, had led to Herr Haase's speech
and the party's declaration having
been worded beforehand. What subsequently occurred in the Reichstag
has most decidedly proved that there
was a grea deal to be said against such
a preliminary agreement.    , ,
After this sitting of Parliament the
Press was placed under a military
censorship, no -public meetings were
possible, and no further meeting cf
the Reichstag was held; and-, furthermore, Germany was involved in such
a heavy struggle that internal differences were suppressed and the expression of criticism or opposition prevented. But if in this respect no sucb
protest as we had the right to expect
from the German Social Democratic
Party was made, the question what
our party in Germany will do to 3om-
bnt the Influences which already manifest themselves in many German circles against the proposal that Belgium
should be finally evacuated and hf>r
independence and Integrity restored is
.
not abstain from voting ou so vital an of more practical importance.   What
tives   which  led   the   British  govern-1 been rejected in the majority of Brit-
!§ri
PUT LOTS OK,
GRAHH'
r'».
>
This illustrates but one of the many uses to
which Zam-Buk, the great herbal balm, is daily put.
Accidents will happen, especially where there are
children. Mothers should never be without Zam-Buk. Zam-Buk
is the best "First Aid." Its strong antiseptic properties kill al{
germs, preventing blood-poisoning and inflammation. Its rich,
herbal essences quickly ease pain and build up new healthy
tissue. ' Zam-Buk is entirely different fromall other ointments.
It Is purely herbal and contains no poisonous coloring matter.
Take no substitute.   See the name on every box before paying,
ZAM-BUK HEALED SEVERE CUT
Mrs. J. £. Bierwirth of Carnduff, Sask., writes:   "My little son cut the
end off his finger.   As it was such a severe cut, I was going to take him to a
doctor, but in the meantime to ease the pain, I applied some Zam-Buk.
This stopped the blecdipg and gave him such relief that
he ceased cryinff and seemed quite at ease.   I therefore     Zim-Biiic «oU kr »u
, decided toseeif Zam Buk would heal the wound. Next   *£««■ S^/tEEmI
| 'day 1 replaced the dressing, and continued to do so each   5-Oc bor.      "   . '_	
day, using nothing but Zam-Buk.   Complete cure
resulted." ^■••-^^■•^i
FREE!
Send IMt rctfoi; I
fame of p«pn anile
>.|mp lot tttt trial (
b.-t.   Address  7.*m-
l.ukCo., Toionto.
maamnen
YOUR HOME NEEDS IT!
issue. A small Parliamentary group
it. was suggested to me, could, do such
a thing, but not a party so strong as
the German Social Democratic Party.
It was for this reason the idea was rejected.
German Socialists and Belgium
l.also discussed with leading German Socialists the attitude of the party
towards Belgium. I was assured that
In ihe committees of the Reichstag our
party lias always demanded that the
neutrality of small nations should be
respected. "Then how came it," I ask-
ml, "that on August i the Parliamentary Party did not protest against the
violation of Belgian neutrality?" The
answer of Herr Haase, the chairman
of tlie Parliamentary group, was as
follows:
"The declaration of our party had
been agreed upon beforehand at a
party meeting and had been communicated to the chairman of the Reichstag
before the Party knew anything of the
violation of Belgium's neutrality.
Whenever the occasion has presented
itself, the party has pronounced itself
with all possible decision in favor of
the upholding of the neutrality treaties."
From a study of German newspapers
I found that only after August 4 had
Tn*^uMimtuOT™to—Beigftinr"aBa"-th6
events which followed upon it been
mentioned in the press. ' Foreign papers and news from abroad were at that
timo suppressed as much as possible.
iThe declaration of the Imperial Chancellor that Belgium hrfd probably al
I heard in bourgeoise, and even In
Liberal, circles fills me with fear for
the future for the small but heroic Bel-
glan nation, for which wo feel so much
sympathy. Antwerp attracts Ger
man Imperialism like a magnet. What
If Germany be victorious, will be the
fate of Belgium?
I asked Herr Haase wbat German
Socialists thityk of tlie .proposal that
Belgium should be partially or totally
annexed by Germany. And his answer was:
"German Social Democracy, is adverse to every annexation, on democratic principles as well as in the interests of Germany herself. In its
declaration on August 4 the Parliamentary group stated this point of
view, and ever since then the representative organs of the party have repeatedly expressed themselves in that
sense."
What of the Atrocities?
I also considered it well to ask the
leading member of our 'Party in Germany if the Party will do its best to
maintain Its honor and that of the
German nation by demanding a full,
impartial inquiry Into the reported
atrocities committed in Belgium.
Haase repjlied:
"Bach of the belligerent Po,wers has
■Eccusea^teTidverraTii'sot^Tnnninnair
way of fighting and of violation of tho
laws of war. I consider it necemry,
when once the war Is over and tho
facts can he objectively established,
that an impartial International committee should Inquire into the trut!v
of these assertions, in the interests of
history, to secure justice for those
who have been unjustly accused,' and
to condemn those who have been
guilty.
And, finally, as I am convinced that
the war has taken the people and the
Socialist parties of all countries by
surprise, I have heen asking myself
whether we shall allow ourselves to
he seized unawares by the peace as
well.     The maner in which we shall
make our influence felt' in this matter
is a secondary -question.     But "especially in a cguntry like Germany every
voice that is disagreeable to the Government is hushed.     How long shall
this last?    And if the military powers
continue    to    suppress    freedom    oi
speech,  will  German  Socialists have
the firm will and the courage to niaue
their  voice heard ._ nevertheless,    to
showTier power and to use it so that
no peace treaty may be enforced upon
it that violates the rights and olaims
and integrity of other nations, that is
tn contradiction to her wishes?   iTrue,
the party in Germany, ls still in the
minority, but it is a powerful party,
and one which bears an enormous responsibility towards the International
Socialist movement and towards humanity.
Socialists and Peace Proposals
.. So I put this question to Herr
Haase: "When the time for peace negotiations comet?, can the Socialists of
Germany leave them in the hands of
the Government -and of the diplomats?"   And he answered:   •
The people must exert a decisive influence Sn the peace negotiations. The J
WHOLE FAMILY
;   OSES »
"Frult-a-ttYBs" Keeps YoutgAnd QI4
la Splendid
* i
Socialist working class must not allow
itself to be excluded.
Let us hope that the disappointment
that undoubtedly has been felt in many
circles by the conduct of the German
Socialists at the outbreak of the war,
and which has ibeen due, to a great extent, to its having over-rated its internal power when faced by an overwhelming world-event such as this war
let us hope that disappointment will
be redeemed, if possible, by the conduct of the 'Party as regards the peace
and the conditions on which it will
be concluded, The whole of the International working class movement
will then have to develop its full forces
and to speak its dfecisiYe word, But
above all, the German Social Democracy will bear an enormous responsibility.—American Socialist.
*tath cr omo. crrr or Toledo, /
Lucas Countv. (-■"••
Frank S, Cwtxir makez oath that ha U srala
oartner of tlie firm ot F. }. Chen-icy tc Co.. doing
i bualneai! In tbe City ot Toledo. County aad.SUM
atoreaald, and tbat aald (Inn will pay tlw turn of
■TSK HUNDRED DOLLARS tor each and em?
***• ot Catakiii tbat cannot bo cured oy tbe uaa (4
BlIlliMlMl m»p.
i. W. HAMMOND ESQ.
Scotland, Ont., Aug. 25th. 1013
"Fruit-a-tives" are the . only pill
manufactured, to my way of thinking.
They work completely, no griping
whatever, and one is plenty for any
ordinary person at a dose. My: wife
wasa martyr to Constipation. We tried,
everything on the calendar without
satisfaction, and spent large snqts of
money until we happened on "Fruit-
a-tives", I cannot say too much in
their favor.
We have used them in the family for
about two years and we would not use
anything else as long as we can get
' "Fruit-a-tives".
Their action is mild, and no distress
at all. I have recommended them to
many other people, and our whole
family uses them".
, J. W. HAMMOND.
Those who have been cured by "Fruit-
a-tives" are proud and happy to tell a
sick or ailing friend about these wonderful tablets made from fruit juices.
50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
At all dealers or sent on receipt of price
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Swon> to betore me and fubsrrlbfd In uy preaent*.
thii <lh Oay ot December, A. D., 1866.
, —•-- , A. W. OLEASON.
-j S8AL !• Notaiit Peauc.
Hall'i Caurrn Cure l« taken Internally and acta
directly unou tlie blood ana mucom lurfaeea ot tb*
«v*tem» Send tor tcatlmonlolii, In-e.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo. 0
Sold by alt PruiHllte. 75c.
Tako alaUi Family Ffllt lot con»tip»Uon.
because the entire system
becomes permeated with
injurious acids.
To relieve rheumatism Scott's
Emulsion is a double help; it is
rich in blood-food; it imparts
strength to the functions and supplies the very oil-food that rheumatic conditions always need.
Scott's Emulsion has
"Tielpea 'countless tnousan^F
when other remedies failed.
Refuie Inferior Sufcititote*.
iMll;-iii,aiiiF,iiiwi-i;i'.uihanBanE
TRY A LEDGER ADVT
t*t
*
ii
s
u
D
D
A
B
V
S
Suddaby's Rexall Store
The Fairyland Fop Children - Toys of Every Kind
Structural Steel Toys, Sleighs, Hockey Sticks, Pucks, Boxing Gloves, Bicycles, Toy Guns, Whips, Horns,
Drums, Clockwork TOys, Friction Toys, Footballs, Etc Etc. Dolls, DOll's Carriages, Tea. Sets, Basinetts,
Cradles, Doll's Furniture, Doll's Cooking Ranges,  Oamisj Ludo, Fort Etc. Toy Books in great variety,
Boy Scout ana Indian Outfits, Electric Trains.
Christmas  Tree Decorations
Tinsel,  Candles  Etc*
Decorative Paper Etc.
REAL CANDY
Neilson's Finest Confections and The
Choicest  Kitchen   Candy  Manufactured in
Canada
Discount on all
XMAS BOOKS
TOYS AND GIFTS
Thu offer is in force from Sat*
J9th to Dec* 24th
Edison  and Victor
Phonographs and
Records Etc.
At  List  Prices  And  on  Easy  Terms.
in and tee us
Call
flET^ EAR I AfilVSl kodaks, Travelling Companions. Sewing Sets, Manicure sets. Finest Perfumes,
Wr lw mil LnulLO Church books, Daintily bound gift books, Latest popular fiction, Hand bags, Purses,
Candle sticks, Mirrors, Ivory, & Ebony Brushes & Mirrors etc. Pullman Aprons etc.
PIETC! FfiB MEN Military Hair brushes, Gillette Razors, Shaving Sets, Smoking Pipes and outfits, Poun*
Mf 10 Full mnn tain Pens, Kodaks, Sets of Standard Works of Fiction, Wallets, Purses, Thermos Bottles
MAIL - ORDER - HOUSE   PRICES  WILL   PREVAIL   IN   ALL OUR DEPARTMENTS
By Purchasing in Town you save express charges amd distribute your money in your town where it ie needed
S
U
D
D
Y
s
SANTALAND THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 26,1914
Eh**.
•(>'.
1
ix
Sl-
li
!'-•
<H
U
»«•
I. Il
il
u
T
*'*#|y
J.D. QUAIL
*
Extends to all his
Friends and Patrons
The Compliments of
of The Season.
S*
J, D. QUAIL
Hardware  and  Furniture
'Phone 37
FERNIE
B. C.
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A. Macneil 8. Banwell
MACNE1L & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Ban** of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Special Convention
Calls Off Strike
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
, Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's breakfast.
CA'.L OR PHONE
Galpry Cattle Go.
Phone 56 Wood Street
FERNIE, B. C.
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers E»
*, C. Law*
Alex. I. Rahei
LAWE 4 FISHER.
ATTORNEYS
Owing to tbe very deep interest
taken by the mineworhers in this District in the protracted struggle in Col
orado that lias just been .brought to
a ilose. we publish the full synopsis'
of sipecial convention,held on December 7th, at which the striking miners
decided to discontinue the sti^iggle.
This report, which has ibeen kindly
furnished -by Secretary Doyle of District 15, U. M. W. of A., will remove
many of the false impressions, consequent upon rumor and capitalistic
newspaper reports, as to the true reasons for calling off the strike.
DENVER, Colo., December 7th —
Convention was "called to order in
Building Trades Club Hall, 2.15 p.m.
Monday, Dec. 7th. 1914.
Meeting called to order by Chairman John Mclotunan, who trade a
tt"'ef address siallng that :hc special
j convention had been called it the
| order of the" International BxeMiMve
Hoard.
After certain  preliminary business
it was moved that the convention adjourn to give Credential committee an
] opportunity  to  make  their report..
Mrs. >S. P. Oplinger, member of the
Cooks', Walters' and Bartenders' Union made a short address welcoming
the delegates and asking their co-operation by patronizing Union restaurants and bars.
Vice-President Hayes made a short
address stating that the purpose of
the calling of this convention would be
explained by the International Executive Committee after the credential
committee had made their report so j
as to be sure that every man present
was a proper delegate from his loca)
union.
Meeting adjourned io meet at fl a.m.,
Tuesday.
Second   Day—Morning   Session
■Meeting  called   to  order by 'Chair-
| man John 'McLennan.
1    Delegate Gilbert, Local .Union 2409
Moved and seconded that the report of. the committee be accepted.
Vice-President Hayes made a leng:
thy address explaining the position of
the International Executive (Board and
recommending that the Convention
adopt the report and stating that the
International would take care of the
men who were black listed and who
wer unable to secure employment.
Delegate Nigro, made an address
asking what definite assurance of assistance the International wiil make to
the men who will be put in a position
where they cannot secure employment
and states that the report of the committee did not touch on the subject of
Page SEVEN
secure employment.
Vice-President Hayes explained that
the International Organization would
assist all who are black listed and ir
it so prc-en, after they have made r.n
honest effort to secure work, to the
best of the ability of the organization.
Board Member Lawson addressed
the Convention in regards to some
statements that had been made nnd
questions that tyid been asked by vari
ous delegates.
-Air. Fairley, member of the uic-dia-
ticn committee appointed by President
V-Tilson, 'was ipresent ai:d addrasse 1 the
delegates in regard to the strik-? situation in Colorado.
Vice-President Hayes again assured
ths delegates of the support of the international organization and commended the mine workers of Colorado for
the splendid fight they have made.
Question was then called for on the
they undertook a little investigation on
tlieir own account, and they might do
worse than.start in and investigate a
few chambers of" commerce business
men's associations and a few of those
institutions which are called churches.
A real investigation of the latter is
very advisable indeed, as the certain
interests have undoubtedly taunted
them to a degree that needs full investigation and exposure to the light
of day. We have done a little in this
line, and know ministers today who
are paid to preach the doctrine of
mammon, paid by operators in exactly
the same coin as the pay to mine
guards and attorneys.
lt lias been discussed over and over
ag.iin by all sorts of people as to whether martial law ever existed during
the coal strike. The governor didn't
know and Colonel iHoughton's opinion
was so involved in indistinct utterances and legal technicality that whe-
original motion and  vote was taken
which resulted in the adoption of the] ther the elusive martial law was in ex-
report of tlie policy committee. I istence or not, or ever did exist at all
Delegate Smith  made a  motion  to,
what whs to be1 done with the people J extend a vote of appreciation to the jam  Linderfelt sat down
in the tent colonies. International District Officers for what! ness
Vice-President Hayes replied staling the>' hnVP do"* ''or «•»« Mine Workers
that tlie International would take careiof District 15.     Convention then ad-
of the people in the tents, especiallyj J°"™ed sine die.
the women and children and that the j
International "would  render them  all j STARTLING TESTIMONY IN COLO-
the assistance within their power.        j RADO COAL STRIKE INQUIRY
Delegate Nigro, stated that the re- ~    ~
port of the Policy Committee was not! ",hu Ir Rani8;l"
definite enough to suit him and    he
I    The Interstate Commission on liidus-
wanted them to state clearly just what, trja,
they were willing to do for the people.
"Mother" Jones made it lengthy address, advising the men to adopt the
report of the committee.--- j
Delegate McDonald, stated that ifj
the International was able to pay |
benefits that none of the men would]
be willing to call off the strike, and j
that lie did not believe that the conv
Helntions now sitting in Denver
Wire treated to some .startling .nl- ,<1JIS ,„
deuce. Sheriff Karr innocently stated n^., front
that he had :'.2C deputies, and he didn't
know who paid them, but he "thought"
that the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company did, and he knew the Colorado
Fuel and Iron Company armed thoia.
(Seneral Chase complained that Jesse
mission   appointed   by  the   President!
j Northcutt, the Colorado Fuel and Iron
\\T*. Ara Paariu fn C-t-rrafrh »«^'-"»o  «.u.i--u   iu  u.^cl   u^   vii.tu-  port, ihan for that reason, as it would1
* Vou- m anfuL of lumber not I™**" *£*»»■     , ,. ,      ,„„  f «  »  be»- -'.ression  and  would
found just as we represented.   Ther.     °lrelegate C;llbfe*' ^ iL'n ou f;m "h™ that'he miI1*rs of c°lorad° *«"
»   v»-..» „»»„o i» makes report of the Credentials Com-j willing to have peace even though thev
.8 no hocus pocus id i   ...       „     ,   , ,      . ,   ,   . ... .   •
j mittee.   Regularly moved and second-, lost a good deal.     He also stated .that
This Lumber Business jed that the Union H010 makes a cor- he was a member  of   the   committee
When you vraat spruce we do nol l rection of Report stating that Delegate  who drew up the report and that lie
lend you hemlock. • When you huyjs,oan is fro.m Local UnI(M1 301C willingly signed the same.
first-class lumber we don't slip in • j    Dogate   ..McDonald.   Local   Union' ' Delegate Morton, stated that he was     .
lot of culls.   Those who buy once from ! 1388> makes a motion  that everyone  op|losed t0 the calling off of the strike; w'"'t '""rtial law was. and how it ouhl
us always come again.     Those who;w]lo iB not a regU]ar delegate of the; on these terms and that the men would
i Company's attorney, bothered him for
i the first two  weeks after he got to
; tlie strike field, telling him  what he
' ought to do.     And Captain Van C'se
could not say what took place at his j
inquiry'into the Ludlow massacre, 'ne-'
cause he' had taken an oath not to say
:iii\thing about it.    Major (we beg his
, pardon)   Colonel  Boimhton,  president
etrlke off on the terms in the re-jof t||p ..m|litar>. mirr an(1 attorney to
the .Metal  Mine Owners' Assosiafnm.
in spite of what he got told the last
tin>e lie attended a sitting of the s*;t;vip
I con n;!ttpe, bobbed up again and pro-
■reeded to tell the commission (.nudity
whli !t v.ere men who were coDsrP.ntiwi
, I-'v.yer.s of ropnto before this flannel-
j mo.i.ii piece of gall wore long pants),
was in grave doubt, until one Lieuten-
In the wit-
seat and read his own military
record and then told us that he (Linderfelt) declared martial law himself.!
In 'loirs: this he overstepped the boundary of prudence, as If ever Major or
Colonel llouijliioii hears of it, he will
cause trouble. Ile will brook uo competition from a junior officer. He
ami he oiil> is entitled to sinnd on that
pinnacle of gall which lie lias erected
for his own srlf. and if this Linderfelt di;! really declare martini law as
1 he says lie would certainly be entitled
seat on the pinnacle.
* The miners will do well to -quit worrying about militia men and gunmen
and such like, and -get ready for other
tilings. The President's commission
on conditions and grievances will soon
he with us. and we should have our
evidences all ready for them.—Wyoming Labor Journal.
commissions.
Executive Board. /Member Lawson ,
made a lengthy address telling the!
men that it wns necessary for the in-'
ternational to call off the strike be-;
cause of the lack of funds, but they
would rather liave had the men call J
the
"(Isf, and  not-he declared, and hew
have not yet made our acquaintance j
Mine  Workers be excluded from  thejlo^i'  what benefits they had  had be*
I it could he declared and not. exist.   \\\
ire taking chances they wouldn't en-j niiiii in'atb*\Zv*ntinT™ Vnm rZ A for,, ti-e strtke"wa'a\.a'i'ieri ^.Ih'^tZ.' (i°"i'1 "ot '"^JLgigntdtgi of his erl
counter if they bought their lumber j fcutlve session.     Delegate Kerr, Localj
lere.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
Lumber. Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
KING'S  HOTEL
i Union 81, seconded the motion. Mo-
j lion carried, and all persons who were
{not entitled to a seat in the <-onven-
j tion, with the exception of members of
! the iMine Workers, wero requested to
i leave the room.
Vice-Presideut Hayes states that .n
; committee of five have been apolnted
'by the National Executive Board to re-
I present them iu making the report to
I tlie convention assembled nnd reads
; report wliich Ih signed by ail tlie Na-
itlonol Executive Officers and Hoard
kMemberiv nnd recommends the appoint of a policy committee to consider
same.
Delegate Vasquez makes a motion
weeks pay day, their own checkweighman, etc.
Secretary Doyle, stated that he was
in favor of the adoption of the report
of thc committee and stated that members of the organization should be.informed as to the financial condition of
the International. He stated that up
November   28th   there   had   heen
]TieTiTtrT)tfioFTiuiii Oi.it he con ten -led
that if lie had been in West Virginia
1 hn could liave; straightened anything
lout, and that when he was in uniform
! he was martial law and any one who
, dared to question this fact was guilty
to
or treason and subject to be arrested
and.,executed by Lieuipuant Linderfel'.
And that Linderfelt "undoubtedly dr!
■ break the stock of his gnu over Louis
R718.C7H.SI spent by the lnternatlon-|TII|I|H. ,„,,„,,. ,mt ,„„, for „„ nm ,.B
al to assist the Colorado strikers. i was ,, 80l(„eJ. ,,„,, R seillhl)„a„ .llld -u
Delegate Jones moved that the con-  W;(J. .,)1(J,' j,„|j,v -
vention adjourn m Cl .. o'clock In the,    'Thp wl)ol„'^^^ 0, 0V|llpnpp ,„.„r(1
morning. j wfls „,,,, nlckeiiing exposure of filthy
iX'let.ste.Slmuiion nskH 'or lhe Ucor, roll,,ll|H,M „„„ of f01„ dteRrace ,0 th!g
fo" a few minutes, and wa.-i.allowed .
fivo uiinutes by the chair.     lie stated tnnt he was sorry lha. -»e strike
, —Made of the highest quality
talc money can buy—milled
to infinite smoothness,' and
 then_fierfume.d__wUh  the
genuine "Corson" perfumes.
Ideal Orchid
'OrSOfl S Pomander
Violet
Don't buy clicap, infrrior talcs,
co*rwl> millrd and ih«.ply
n-i-ntrj, whfn bv atkinK tor
CORSON'S you i-an ^tl lltelmt.
Ask your Druggist
yttMhy 39
IMIVI'HIK.M mnSti l!M1TKl>,TO«ONTO
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puokey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejobn.
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
A. MINTON, N. G.
S. TOWNSBND, R. Sec.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello'g Hull second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie,  Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. In their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C. T. Ratcliffe.
K. ot S„ D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:^0 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator. F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
HO Howland,Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady   Terrace Lodge,   No.
meets lu the K. P. Hall
TJ.X,
second and fourtji Friday of
each mouth at 8 p. m.
.MHS. J. I1HOOKS, W. iM.
W. orr, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace I^odKO 1713.  Meet
at the K. P. Hall   first and   ^
third Friday evening of each   0
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
It. UUIOH-TON, W. M.
J. SHILLING, Rec. Sec.
imti*ili*t\'t*ip*\Tii\XriV.rt^^
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
that the report of the National Bxe-jwas called off In this maiiur. us it!
was hard on the men, and stated tint;
he hoped that they would become bet-'
icutlve Hoard be placed in the hands
!of the policy committee and that this
i committee be glveu au opportunity to
meet before the afternoon session ho
I tliey could make thetr report,
j    Question was raised as to whether j pan of the men went back to work In
DINING  ROOM   IN CONNKtTION ithe committee should be appointed by I the umall mlnoi* tliey made, the chane
Bttt- tuippliwl with  the  best Wines
Liquor* nnd Cigtu*
country. All wo can hope is that such
t'iimimbln practices will never again be
tolerated, in this state.
We want to blot that dark era ail'*.
allay t!ie bitterness that j: has .'.iiitii'il.
*,. ond  the hist way for atudi  uw. as
ter organized so that if they went on| N.orth(,trtti (!ov(, nn,| jiouuhton tc ns.
strike in  the  future  they  would  be j ^ ,„ U))) ,,,otI|||(r out ,„ Iu ,.,,(,„ ut
able to win.   lie nlso stated that when j ,,„,,,, ^ roSKlbll,;    The mol.(( ,.,,e (,u.
j«iistliiK coiiducl of Hiii'h men as they
iaru  paraded   before   the  public,  the
it* the  .liKtjncc.      Niii".
the tstrilti. trouble lies at
W MILLS.
[the chair or be regularly elected by jes of winning very few, ar they lost!
I tin* delegate*,    After some dlAcusMiouj the symptitlij of the public when "'e ],',"!"" *'
jit was moved, und tteeondml that tlioiiuihlie   wan   well  supplied   with  coal.!.'!".'\ "
1 till T llllOl'
.... , *j  and  only
Prip | committee b« electrd by the delegate*, j und the only way tq win was to keen j."" ' '"""      ' !h'v w,''!" i,clU!>t,!'' *<>!»'
Motion carried.    After seventeen do-all the mluen fhnii working. if """ °"ly r"!' th(,: "»aterial rcwurl
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
! legates lind been nominated, it was!    Kxwwlv-e   Hoard   Member   Wilk!:i-
'-■ they could net for tlr.'iuselves.     'folk
v.wmmmMm%wmmsxssmn
And If the biiflness concerns of the
home town have not what you want,
they can get It.
ai nirrpury will -snMy il.-i.truy ll»> *un»i' tit kicpII
uud cuuiiil.t,*!.. tK'rmiKc li.i- «hul;* srcli'tu Hhru
i-iilerlin; it tlimiivli tin- uiiiii«i» >t.irfncr». fiacli
ii.UiIih »li<mli! iiu\ir In- u<iil t-stv|it 4>n I'TPWriii-
linns fr.*m ri.|iut»bli- | ti.»>>Ii-Ihiii>. ji« the daiAHKi
'.lii'V will ilu ls tiu iu'A tu .:>■ niail }"U fan [*)»-
>Uif.v Uirlvi' Iri.ui ih.iii- llull'it C'utarrh Cun>.
lKinmfu'tiiri'l Vy I". J. flutii'y t. lu.. Ti.li'du, li.,
1-oiitnSiiH ki iwn-nry. i nil 1- token lutirnaliy,
n'tliig iltifrtly in "ii tli" Win il nn! iruni>H« mir
fan-* t.f tin. f)-Kti.|«. In liiiylim Uaiiv r«t«-rli
Clin** I-i- mn- Jim p-t On- ir.-:iulir>. II 1* tal i-H
lit>'li>al!.r »iu| iiimli. In Tuli'il-i, oliiii. 1'/ V. 1,
I'ld-n.y tt IM. Ti'«t|n» tiluli V.
Knlit hy liiiin*!''". I"r!i'. 7.1p. |»r t.-Mli',
T-jIv HjU'x Ciiully  l'?\i fur <un<tlpiilWn
GllTB
GUICKIV  STOPS  COUOMS,  CL'RCO  COLOt.
MUM THK THH5AT ANO > UNC3. 36 CLNT*
Dry (loods. Orocerles, Roots and
Hbom. Oents' fHirulabtnn*
BAKER
BRANCH  AT
AVENUE
HOSMER,  B.C,
Femie-Fort Steele'
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Boor
and
Portor
Botllad Goods a Specialty
moved and seconded that the former | hoii took the floor snd stated that the'?-1' "Kll!'u"'y'     T"r'l*«   »">ver   h»s
been   iti (iBictor of any stripe, iTei-il
or  color'who  for  iwrcmmrv
motion lu- ri'scluded   and   thnt   t'.iej luteriintlonal I0x«jcuttve   Hoard   wen'
iCiitilrmnn appoint nevem delegates t-o! very sorry that they had to call off the
ind as members of thn committee *aji-]»tr!!;e, but that the finances of the or-
J pointing one from each strike district.; ifanlxailon could not stand the strain
j and he al«o slated lhat the men oni
Mtrike in ih* st;it<- of Ohio had recelv-.
fit no lifttefitN for three month* Mffer
| the strike was * tilled, und had received j
, n very kiiiiiII ntnouni of relief durliiRl
l the eiithi nioiith« they had been out.'
| The litteniHtlonu! had not deserted the i
.Colorado miner* but would provide fo''
jtliem to the be»t of their ability.
:    Convention udjonnie.i until T »•» p.m.
i      Second Osy—Svtnlrg Session
)    The d!*ru**lon" on  tin*  motion  btt-
\toxo the cniiventhMi to niifpt lhe r<-
i{ri'-»d !
sprplmeiif. j
Motion carried,
t'oiiveuilon Hdjoitmeil.
Afternoon Session—Second Day
Meeting called to order nt 2,1.' p.m.
Oelegjite llichard llonald, «ecretary
or the Policy (Committee, niadn report
of the coumilttei' rccotiiiiifnilltiK that
the strike be called off iu accordance
j witli tho recommendation of the inter-
jtintionnl KsiM'iitlvn Hoard, and thut the
mill who are btarkllated be helped liy
the orcnnixatlnn.     They nlso r«'co«i.
mciidi'd Hut the dWtrl*H« lie kept the
I
List of Locals District 18
No, Nam* See and P. 0. Mnttm
Ul Whit*-Ash Mine. Wm. Standi. Taber, Alia.
m Uaakfttad Jt* m heaney, iJanktiead, Alta.
4»t iMMv*r ^ re**. 4. u*ti»jy!trni», mniKS ^meo, tm I'mtasr, AHa,
431 iMtwtiie ...James l<urk», Hox su, U*llev-u«, All*,
■tic I't^r**:-- Wm. Ardttr, Il5«;rwi«-«', AM.
ft i» iiurmli T. O. Harriet, Psssburg, Alta,
It:: (WrU»iid»!e J. -Mltchi-11. l\irboiids»!.-. I'oUtnmu. -kiln.
13»i i-camvr* Hmme* v*»tren, UHtitter*, Atu,
t&M t'olenaii J. Jobation. Coleman. Altt. ,
inr* t'otbtn  R. «art«t, CorMn, 0. C.
.!;•« Chinook Mines......... J. Kvaaa  Chinook Mlnea Comm»rc«k Alta
1311 Ferule Thot. 1*1*111. Ferale. 11. C.
I2«3 Trnuk ........Kvaa Morgan, Frank. Alta.
ffif.it tlttlerMf .Mack Siiglef, Hilierest. All*.
h',4 IteUitoriCit*............. U Moor*. 1 ;s 1 btKttx tntebon, N. l<«Uibridfe
il«'> l/»<»M»r1«(re Colllerle*... .fmiJt Harr!w«ham. f'oslhnrsl Atia.
J»^i M*id* ticaf T, ti. Harrka, PMmtwjf. AH*.
TXXi Mtrbel  Rlehard Heard, yUdbti, B. C,
IX.1 Vmtibnnt *,.,T, 0. Ham**. Pnmbott, Ait*.
tic Tnber  A. I'sttarton. Tufcer. Alu.
trtn, iieommown. CaaaM>re...Mu ItMcAer, tteottnown. CuMere. AMa.
(..)->; iimeaa Mint* Hoary MeKenu. Sortngg. via RMkf Monat.
■Mi Howrt, anmrm.
*»nie mh.they sre at Ute present tiniejt«»<t "f the I'ojlcy CtimmliHc wu* win-
uul  that  the  sttnll  compiinlcx  who
have  iilri'«d»   siaiM'd  ruiitr4<t*«   "i'h
the unions tie allowed th»» »ani.. work-
y.u*. t*ui.U.t'l» ■*** tlu   Int*-: i*:tmi»sA* &,
', and tint the niHU lie der'.ared offict.U \ !>••(!   o*rRflri!/-.itii;!
ID off on l»ecembtr Ift'h. (rHIef'to those tn,
<   Mi ■Hiiliiii.il' nil ill   T ■- mi --Ml. ■■ niifiriii--   i-i-i'n - Tl   i ill
liinird  '•>•  the  Mirloiii" didetT'te^.
Tin' ildi'uduil  tt'i.i ilincuSHfiJ :\i  fi'iilii-
leftist li by Delemte Hldel!, «
!*•, !t -m;tX,. Suiti* .*..'k. d U .in  !<<i'* ,tti*
»ou'i!   ..aa:'.!..*:'!
i-trlkr whi» einn'i!
M\Ak   t(&J
i#FRUIT SALT0
Tht Household RemeJy
ALW A Y S  keep • hoxxi* of f.no's fn
the
. ,'-, r>*>\
AA.:* v >
,0. v^uliVi
|-   -       -       — m.~.-r       ,  -. ....-^.        *..
llout* in reviJinf** i >» an anmfantf.
1 bete k not ihn 1***4 I'trnft el »ny  ill
f,j etmt ot tmptof* t »« in i>ny ••***, al ifattnm
h eiuiiwlir in a«*..nl -w.ih N«-j»#. .
Hoe'n "ftutt b*\t" conuint lH* wImm*
Mnstitiimi* «f rii »t duit in • |»oil*Me, agreeable
nett *tmnt* L**m, »n«J ia »n »**rv rtmpt^t n*
bsnaktt *» llu Juan ui iU* Imi* Iiuin i*bnk
b fo tAttnbw-i.
ZtiU ttt mil lit* ).i..~., -i but.it* <ti»l t.<*lt«s o(
nanntti
Ptay*,tt4 *t*lt *jr
J. (L BW, Ui, "fm i*b" tatU,U*tm, ft*
rt uld t-omcittre with  t!ii*i»
I of demrnded humanity.
Th»> ..•illlisK off of Hip «tr!k«' will, wi«|
1 lioiu«, ui'irlt .» new *ri ;u:;i um- vvhU-U,
wl!| bri>i« prosspiTity to nil. and when;;
»»im< ol im' Kimd, '.vfil iiicuiiim pfo-j
!••<• who have tii'eii *n vnt\v Kencrtria{
111 tll»!i-(llho HiH.it, .t.iutlt tin.-* il.ii lli.li-j
irn, hiivi- tinn* to look around to liu-i;
tte*' pit*»turi"« fur tlit'ir I;. i;»>v*"l"i'' t •!
tulit, we ikiitiUl *nw\*.'*i that lln'y Inti:
nv««r tlnir own attitudi' und iMiint.r
i»vi<r llu' fait that they know fu lliu-
of Un- loiiijHIoti-* of ii nm! mhi< i'» iit»'
i»iid work, nml mh have iu,', «i iniiiti
mi di,i ii'hum It and Just tiilnt. AlpMi'i
'In )   Ita im   h-i n <|aiti'  iiilr
fifii   !'. «• ,!''(*.   ■*-•(..   •*.*:•( :,!!_,*   ),j-,nu,.,X
•ii oar titti nt'wi of ii ijt*ntii«rti;m*i It wSm j
ll*M     »|lll     S"     IM'»"I»     IS'-lMV     t't'l'i'v     t!l    *
«"»nM »rirn>'v  lir- c-'iitr-.t r<'»iir<i»fii * *o !
■*.;r i.'ift, and  &,n, ut, l,*t n» in« * i*
■ 'hi"   -itiri'ii   ii a  ai!   tlw   trouble  audi
, Htl'lU-   Ul.tt   lit*   ccml'l   ii»nl   i*   ina   tju1!'!
j 'I-,, \>l it«ji* ,.*»:i:in> fiifiii k'lons not hi nit >
..it ,:',, -ti'.Hiiii «-«„il iiiiUuiis, aim uiriH' »o *
i -tlllw    il*.l|*    nfi',:*.   ; rt- ■*■<*'"    •*    *■'",-    <■
i tii'lB'-iMfHtiK *t*»ti« and mttni'tv mint.'
#(l a irrm in the pHi'intHir-v      l«n'f '
j it loottiini to hear suth « one as him t
i.ialiiig .iiuiii tin murdrroita coal mtn*.
•t-r ftrikinm an 1 disnurhitut ltidu*lH.il j
,.„,,,*!».in,.., -
1    We ranild alvc a H'ore nf ItiKtaaiai'
; i
\ot u like *-hir»ei«-r ai:d t-a*e iilwaj*'
I belli'Vil tltit  if nn' Colorado under-j
* took a .nal 'ioiim- < ;<..ti!iii*E and fc«l rid ,
\ot th* M-'ilU danaeroa* aifitatofs thit:
J union Ww   vtmll i«»» t»'«*» many ol'-,
{',** in- ,t.',    *, ■'»*  '.. *    '  • •*•   *"'>a>'i  O"
i*«me tir'ni* «.'%!i« :;
i mi-* itii'-a   -Mniiiii-"*
fhnrelH * a mill ij*.**
II ih*>  nm a,*   in   td*'
; whltr praying.
!   -Toa! miners Uavt-
I «,4" b)   ..ilnutit fit-r,
, 9**,., * ,,» .»m4 »i»m»»>*
till p«'".h.i' ai'Ki**-
A merchant ia a Canadian city once made a discovery. He had purchased some goods that did
not turn out as he thought they would. Instead
nf nf!«*prti«*in-rj "Ennrmmn Ban'/iin*" h* «tmply
BEtd, "I bought them to sell ot $10.00. but they arc
not worth it; in fact I cannot recommend them at
all, but you will find them worth $4.00." Me sold
them all and made some new customers, wh»
were convinced of his sincerity.
Nothin'; new about it. Truth is as old as the
hills and he tiimply told the truth He discovered
that honesty in the be^t"policy, and fortunately
very many advertisers are making the same discovery.
''**
i
*m«*v.'
_***-     i -W******
PMH»ivm******"**• i   !•**%.
i     «...   a*-.     »»k      ij^ j|
***    **4«^»**   tUkw'l   9tl.IWti9t99.nl
tbf
nnk* ol ih#.
.•ii'i    torn*
fe* %;n, rfvil
•■• '"•••>   w<*'***
i* ,•;;   ••JtiVt-Htr^-tt-
>',im itnii.tr i.i-
.i.4.i>», a,,*i ititie
H'» abaut ilr»f
Great Northern Railway
im ol't'i riiiy; ••»|»i'i.'tii!,tv ,»l'.i'.n. !;■,»•  r.aiuti   ln|>    t'.»r»'»  t'r«*>»t
K*'n»ii» '<» <ii*«tiHill»(•'•* in   \'i«*«v   ItmiMnivifb     Vni'ti   *J..»»liH
t.titlnri'i tu«l QiiHm'I'. Alan  I'.ittiiitiil    }i*-,.  ItoMott   Ma*.-*.
.mil .\i"*x  \ urn,, «t>%ft'inu tii«- ll-imi.i\ >«>iiMtit.
Tickets for steam ship to all European points ean bo
secured it depot.       	
f-|ir|»rt rnnW(#r.»{f>Mt ,» ttettnarl fnr t't*!   9*   Wt**f
Yoa wiil e*»y>y ail the tnmtort of most modern railroad equipment. Court onus and effi« '«*hi impioyii will m»k»» yonr trip
pleasant.
■«t»rt puretiaslnf sttsms^ip
tirhttt, lei ut talk It ever,
ll,
for fi. nt.er inferm-ation npitiy to
J. E. COLE, Agent
lot4fl FERNIE,BC Ptt.». l«t Shoe
Dept.
We havo a great varioty of ladies ancl children's
Felt Slippers, in all colors and styles to choose from.
We are putting out a special bargain table of
Ladies' Slippers in till styles, for a week-end special
at the low priee of $1.00 pair.
These comprise Felt, Cloth, Leather and Moccasin
styles.    All new and up to date goods.
We have a full line of Ladies' Moccasins and
Snow Shoes. Smaller sizes in Snow Shoes for boys
and girls.
Ladies' and boys' Hockey Boots with Skates attached.
AVe carry a large variety of spring and Hockey
^ifirteHiHadies^hildren^and^oys^	
Xmas Suggestions in
Footwear
Men's fur-lined Slippers at $2.75 and $3.00
Men's wool-lined Slippers at ... .$1.75 and $2.00
Men's J Mack and Tan Opera Leather Slippers,
from $1.75 to $3.00
Men's   Ulack   and   Tan   Elasticsido   Slippers,
from $2.26 to $3 CO
Men's  All-wool  Slippers,. with  leather-covered
soles, from 35c. to 2.00
Jaeger wool-lined, brown leather Slippers, $3.50
Men's black and brown Hockey Boots, from $3.00
to $5.00. '      ,
Men's Hockoy Hoots with Skates attached; a
good, strong and serviceable outfit at $8.00
Men's"Hookey Skates, from $1.25 to $5.00
Men's Spring Skates, at 75c.
Men's Hockey Sticks, from ... .25o, to 90o each
Men's Snow Shoes, from $4.00 to $7.00
This Store Will be Closed All Day Saturday, December 26th, 1914
On New Years' Day the usual Candy Bags
will be distributed to the Children
Christmas Specials
in Groceries
Kiley'a Totf.*. p«-r lb 35
Mixed Nuts,.'. lbs  1.00
Mixed Candy, 2 lbs JJ
Mixed Creams. 2 P>« 35
Mixed Chocolate Creams, per lb jot
Moir'* Fam-y *riiu««Uie l'i nam*, pit lb      .50
Ferny Jioxe* Chocolates, per box .25c. to$3.00
fr'amy Tabic Fig*, per lb 15c. 20c. and 25c
(1ftl<l«n Dittos, 2 lbs.  •. • • •    .»
Tnblo Hasina, per lb 20c, 25c, and 35c,
Kmporor -Grape*, 2 llm  • • • • • • •;   r*6
California Xavcl Oranges, per doz 20c, 25c,, 85c, tm
50c. and 60c,
California Navel Orange, per half case..
Okanagan Winwaap Apples, 4 lbs	
Okanagan Wineanp Apples, p«r \m% ,,
Unmm*. \*»*r d<»x	
Olcry, 4 lb*	
I'»l*»ry, -1 H»«	
Crbp L-Uu-«\ P* lb . . . * -
Cranbcn»"'B, V"r ''•	
Hwc«*t I'o.ntocn, 4 Mm	
Parsnips*, 1<» lbs • ••-••	
WiWlafl"" Cnvpe ,Uf'n"t\ t\»nri*	
Smith's TnfVmiM'Htod P<»H \Vim» 	
Fruit C«k«*. p«*r lb > • •	
%**•* % t»,.': }} ",.*• of \l\  yer
V, aud'n. fled f'tirwni .1i»«jr. 1 lb. glass
2.00
.25
2.00
40
25
.25
.30
.16
,25
.25
.00
1.00
.30
IM
.35
.26
Wc tm have onr wtial wt« sttoctid stock
of Christmas poultry. Mew wilt below. Bet
US Delete pitwiiig ytt**. vitmx* tlm*******
Oot Flowers and Want* will alio \*i onjte.
play In ow grocery department on the 23rd
and 3' "   "
124th of December.
TOYLAND
(Second Floor)
EXCEPTIONAL VALUES IN TEDDY BEARS
These wre extra strong, well-stuffed and jointed,
and they GROWL.
Regular .$2.50 value for  $1.75
Regular $2.00 value for  .$1.50
Regular $1.75 value for '.   $1.35
Regular $150 value for  $1.25
™ DOLLS —
Pretty Dolls, well dressed,
very strongly jointed and
go to sleep. Regular $1.2.').
Xmas special 95c.
SUN-BONNET SUE
The cutest little doll you
ever saw. It is nicely dressed and has unbreakable
head.    Special $1.00
Kandy Kid Junior
Girls — In  street  dress,
with lawn underwear, imitation shoes and stockings.
TOYLAND
A list of Toys that will delight the little ones
and every item reduced in price for Christmas
week. - *,
A collection of toys that cannot be seen in any
other store in town, while the prices will compare
favorably witli the big catalogue houses.
.Steam Engines, Hnxfi&_J*QjL
Paints, Noah's Arks. Drums,
Trains or Trucks, Drawing
Slates, \Guns and Swords,
Horns, Cannons, Christinas
Stockings, Building Blocks,
Toy Dishes, Doll's Carriages,
Christmas Tree Decorations,
Musical Toys. Modelits, Games
of all kinds, Magic Lanterns,
Tool Sets, Toy Horses and
Wagons, Toy Furniture, Play
Suits (Tndian and Cowboy)
Toy Watches, Toy Washing
sets, Storekeeper sets, Toy
Trunks, Child's Chairs. ,
Useful Christmas Gifts in our Men's
and Boys' Department
In the Men's Department you will find many gift       sr^      -Boy's Sweat •tr Coats $1.75
suggestions of interest.    Sensible things that are ap-       8fcA)      Mocha Gloves  $1.C0
predated by men. -JkbL.    Wool Mitts 25
Silk Mufflers, in new designs ^PlPik Leat,,ei' Mitti        *3B
lieautiful Neckwear in Fancy Boxes • HraSffiFjJW     Hoys'two-piece Uloomer Suits,  at
Silk Suspenders in fancy Iioxph l"yeW^W spwdal price Saturday $4.50
Mn«.j^7W«"l Caahnwa Sox (iMf       Boys'Flannel   Shirts,   with   lounge
^''ttita-uffktad. /GU      «■"""■*«" Saturday at...   $1.00
Initialed Handkerchiefs in Linen and Silk IT   \\                  MOTFLHH, SPSOIAL
Silk Arnihntnlh iu fancy boxes Uj  \ \\                  nvMammm »««»«
Fur Collar* in Beaver, Marmot, Mink-rat £r     UM       Men's All-wool Muffler-chest and
Mociia Ulnviw—«iiik, fur ur wool lined q   w    »»** proi«eloi»*} regular values up <•»
Fitted Suit Cases.    Telescopes. X*        75c-   Christmas week  50c.
Special Wednesday Night & Thursday Sale
Rubber Toys
including  Dolls,  Hattles,  and
Auutuhof all hinds
i PRICE
BOOKS
*
v.,*,* Hmtkn nt 25c,
Ittmty Books at 50c.
Dolls and Animals
Dressed Dolls and Pur Animals
in gr^at variety will lw told at
J PRICE
All cur Regular 60c,  7Sc, and SSc Boohs for Boys and Girls to go at  0Oc
All our Regular 40c and 50c boohs for Boys and Girls to go at Met
Ready - to-Wear Dept.
Xmas Suggestions
This is the year when people are selecting UBoful
and practical gifts. Why not a set of. furs, blouse,
kimona, or sweater?
25 p, o, off
i a k
\ ' / **   ,. ■
^mA0k
Girls Annual
at $1.50
A whole jear'i Issue of CHTJMfl,
nicely bound, for $1.50
BoysAnnual
at $1.50
Munson s Children's Story Book large Size $1*00
s
We have in stock some beautiful pieces of fvlr—
 lllink. Jjlai-lr    ff>Y     niftJAslrin     eahln   aw/1    nt\in-.e*   all
with 25 jier cent off the Tegular price.
Blouses
A full line of ladies' silk and crepe de choiu*
blouses in all sliadea.    Made in the latest stylus.
Sizes: 34 to 42.    Prices from $2.45 to ?8 50
Wimonts
Ladies' Kimonas in floral design blanket doth}
somo in eiderdown and others in French doliiine.
Beautifully trimmed with satin bands. In all sizes.
Prices from $3.50 to $10.00
Sweaters
Ladies' Sweaters in all colors, with high or roll
collars; in fancy or plain mannish weave.   Sizes:
36 to 44.    Price* from $2.25 to $10.00
.,._„ Dainty Hanflkeroliicfs
y vi *^V Ma,{0 a most ,w^ul
..   *5^Sk       ai,(1 »oc«l*«Wo *«ft for
* ■'" ' '"if;.]^^^k showing the boet and
!^^V|^i^Pl8r»0>t  awortmeiit' of
\ °-5i^jdr    Handkerchiefs    over
■fd^jjr       shown in this city. They
come   iu   Hemstitched
and lace-edge, anil are
prettily embroidered.
Throe llandkerchicfa in a dainty gift boxjlscc
edge nnd embroidered.    Special, per box ... .$1.00
A special line, hemstitched, linen lawn, embroidered in ono corner.   Christinas week only 2 for25c.
Six Handkerchiefs in pretty box; hemstitched
and embroidered in one corner. Pure Irish Uttw.
Per box fl,25
One big lot of Ladiea1 Linen Handkerchief*. Hem.
stitehed, laee-edgc and embroidered. fyQpl-.il
I"'«•«•  .85o eaoh, or S for $1.00
Ladies* Silk Searvts
In an extra heavy quality, 46 inches long, nrith
fringed ends. Come in pink, sky, white, «liam.
pagne, ete.    Special ........ ,..,■.,.•...■,.,. $115
35 Per Cent Off Leather Goods
This special offer includes onr extensive stock of
ladies and gents dressing owes, travelling companions, brush and comb mtn, manic uro xcU (in ebony.
French ivory and Silver),
Christmas week Special 2fi p.e. Discount
At Half Price
All our gnat stock of Brasiwafe ln the nmsst
EitUrns will bo sold Otmiitnu wttk at HALF
RI-Oll
Onr immmiHt stoek nf «b>iarhs am* «n diwplii? In
ilantware Department, Make ymr boy happy
with one of theae health-giving toys.
Cutlery, Klvtrwars, Out OUn and OWm
in on wtw*i*\et ttiln ttnrint* r%r!e<*m«t w/.i.-i-      ty,, ,   *
fail to visit otir hardware deosrlnent l>efor»yoii
deeide what to liny. The girt snggmiions aro to
nunieroiis here yon will be wire to mo nomtthing
you want.
The Store of
Quality
1
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Money Sav*
ing Pricei
t'Kr ■;
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