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The District Ledger Dec 12, 1914

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*, .
' >t .
Industrial Unity Is,Strength
- '4
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 15, Vol. VIII.
Inquest on Victims of
Coal Creek Fatality
The inquest on Peter Catenaro and
Thomas Crilley Myers, was opened at
Coal Creek on Monday last before Mr.
H. A. Wilkes, coroner, and a jury composed of the following: Robert 'Billsborough (foreman), Robert Falrclough, Robert Holland, John Hewitt,
B. Wm. Hughes, Joshua, Knowles.
Tbe first witness was John Miak,
driver in iNo. 1 East, who upon being
sworn stated that he was driving on
December 4th, the date of accident, in
No, 1 East. He was coming up No. 4
Right and saw the cars coming down,
and to escape them he got Into the
cross-cut. He heard something break
down in front by No. 2 Left. When
the Cars had passed him he came up to
the cable and took a look, but went
back again down to No. 2 Left. He
went through No. 3 Left and came to
No. 2 Loft Door an-d saw the cave. He
could see neither the rope rider,nor
the boy. Then he went to the electric hoist and met Jlmmie Corrigan
coming down. He asked him if he
had seen the rope-rider and the boy
and 'Corrigan said "No!". He told the
hoistman that he -feared they had been
killed and went right outside and told
Jlmmie Steel about it. He came down
and got the men. That was all he
Cross-examined, he was about fifty
feet from the empties when they passed., He could not tell when the empties passed him whether they were
on the track or not, 'but when he saw
them after tho oave three were off the
Questioned as to wblch three trucks
were off the track, witness stated the
first three empties to the rope.
He stated, in answer to further questions,  that he had known  the rope
rider for about six years.     He also I
knew tho boy, too,  who had  been
working In No. 1 Bast about six or
'seven-, months. He did not hear the
cars hump at all. He had no recollection of cars jumping the track at
that particular spot. Ho could not
tell whether the cars had struck anything.
Questioned by Mr. Evans, mine Inspector, wiineaa said there wli' no
troublo with switches at that point.
Pete Catenaro, he said Was a pretty
aood rope rider, and the best the/
had at the time be was driver boss
not descending very' rapidly, but just
at tbe usual rate.
Questioned as to -whether it was the
duty of the bell boy to travel on the
cars, witness atated that it was his
regular duty. He had to go with
tbe rope-rider so that when tlie cars
are cut off be puts on the drag; when
the drag is cut off and the rope rider
pushes the cars lie has got to put tie
safety block tn.
Daniel Alton, was the next witness,
and upon being sworn stated that ho
virs a haulage hand, and on the day
of accident was looking after the haulage. iHe had noticed nothing wrong
with the sheave wheels or switches.
John Caufield, sworn, stated that he
was a fire boss in No. 1 East. He
"iad made an inspection of the slope
on that day, pissing - by the place
where the accident happened about
twelve and half past. He glanced at
the timbering posts, and they appeared all right. While going down a
trip passed him at the place of accident, and there appeared to be nothing unusual. The switches appeared
to be all rigbt. Questioned as to cars
jumping the -track in the morning, witness stated that nothing had been reported to him. He did not care to
say what had caused the trip to jump
the track.
Questioned as to bumps, large or
small, witness* stated that he had,no
knowledge of them.
Questioned by the 'Mine Inspector
(Mr. Evans) as to when the timbers
I-were put in, witness stated about six
pr eight months ago. The left, hand
leg from the rail going down the slope
was some 15 to 18 Inches. He had
not known 1ST any cat's being off the
track previous to that date. Witness
was cross-questioned as some length
tendent, Mr. Evans and the Coroner,
but did not care to venture nn opinion as to the actual cause of the cave.
The next witness, John Steele,
sworn, stated that he was a fire boss
in No. I East Explaining what occurred, witness said John Mtak came
and told him tbat there was a cave at
[No. 2 Loft: that there was something
wrong, and to go quickly as he thought
the rope rider and boy were under the
cave. When he got to tbe cave be
shouted the names of the rope rider1
and boy, but got no answer. He thon
| went and found Bob Samson and told
Result of Ballot for Checkweighmen.
HY. -MAjR/T-I-N     217
T.  BIGGS     loll
\V. B. PHILLIPS    148
Nie Aliscisco    123
T. English   116
Wm. Hilton        80
C. Carter  .      66
J. W. Gray  :      65
First four were elected.
On Sunday evening next, at 8 p.m.,
n debate -between Ted Ainsworth ancl
H. Martin as to whether "The Ranch
System is Beneficial to the Worker?"
will take place in the Socialist Hall.
Ted. Ainsworth will take the Affirmative, while H. Martin will oppose him,
A very interesting debate is promised
and it is to .be hoped all the comrades
will make an effort to be present.
The usual dance will take place on
Saturday night
(Mr and Mrs. Thos. Myers wish to
express their sincerest thanks to all
for their kind expressions of sympathy
and tho Fernte-'Coal Creek Excelsior
Band for services, during their recent
L. 0. O. M.
All members of the Loyal Order of
Moose are particularly requested to
be present Monday evening next at
7.30 p.m., when business of an important nature will be. discussed.
Coroner: What is the condition of
the timbering?
Witness: -Pretty fair; good in the
face, but you can't avoid having a
timber break.
Coroner: You have passed that particular place?
Witness: Yes, about three weeks
ago,  —	
Alan Graham, of the staff of Messrs
Herchmer and Martin left on Wednesday morning for, the coast.
The skating rink opened on Tuesday
evening and was'patronized by ;i Vi'ge
At a meeting of the relief comimtt.ee
of the Friendly Societies, a cheque for
$30 wns forwarded to the Ladies' Benevolent Society.
Kusse! Dudley, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Robert Dudley,, who was operated
upon for appendicitis Thursday of last
week, Is progressing favorably,
Struigo that a. man is willing io
figlu half of bis life for the welfare
of hiri country can't be persuaded to
think 15 minutes a day for the welfare
of his country.
One form of foot and mouth disease
the government doesn't take much interest in is where a jobless patriot has
hiked 40 miles since morning with
nothing to eat.
Gi Welsby, Chief of Provincial
Police for South-East Kootenay, is
spending two weeks leave of absence
at High River, visiting his parents,
fonstable Mt-ronald Is acting during
Mr. Welsh;- 3 absence.
In the County Court on Thursday
the damage suit/of S. Grls of Michel,
vs. the B. C. Amusement Company and
H. G. Lockhart, was commenced. This
case will probably take two or three
days, as each side is calling a large
number of witnesses.
The regular weekly concert, by the
Fernie Philharmonic Society was held
in the Isis Sunday last In addition
to this concert, which is in> aid of
local distress, the Femie-Coal Creek
Excelsior Band held a concert in the
Grand Theatre, the proceeds of which
were also applied to a fund for the
relief of distress.
On (Thursday evening the  Roarin'
Employees C. X. Pass Coal Co
Canadian Oil Co., Calgary, per
•H. R. Muench  '..	
Citizens of afiteway, per Dr.
. .Foster   	
"A   'J.iND   PIG
British Labor
Officials in Vancouver
-   ='3^'j*i-S8||
G. Altobelli, a coke oven hani'i.-.up-
peu'tu before Stipendary Magistrate
-Stalker this week charged with operating a "blind pig." He was sentenced
to six months hard labor, but appeal
proceedings have been Instituted by
the accused's solicitors, Messrs. Herchmer and Martin. A similar charge
against one Joe Parry was dismissed.
The brother of this mau, one John
Parry, came up Friday in connection
with a similar offence, on account of
some ten or more kegs of beer being
found in the cellar of his dwelling.
At the home of .Mrs. J. Spalding on
Saturday last a quiet wedding was
solemnized, when her daughter, Louise
was united in marriage to Mr. H. Pyle,
of Waldo. Rev. Robertson officiated.
The honeymoon will be spent in Medicine Hat.
in No. t.
-The next witness, James Corrigan, I him to get men, and he himself went
sworn, stated that he was oct u.ilml; in uud started lo move tho cave.
as hoist man la No. 1 Bast, and hadj   Questioned as to condition of tlm
charge of an electric hoist which was
situated above Uie swamp. He was
operating the hoist oa December 4th,
date iff incident, and placed the tlmo
at 2 p.m. The trip was about 200 to
260 yards from bim when it stopped.
Questioned as to bis speed, witness
thought about four or five mile* an
hour. He did not bear the bell.
Ry the Coroner; What caused the
cars to stop on the incline!
Witness: Well, you see the third,
fourth and fifth cars were off the
liy the Coroner: And what about
Witness: Wall, two went off to ono
aide and ona to the other, and that
stopped than. *rtey stopped going
Into tba parting.
liy tba Coroner: Stopped going Into
the parting of wbat?
Witness: No. 3 Left.
Ily tha Coronsr: What waa the
first intimation that you had of there
being aay trouble?
WRaess Johnay Mlak came and ask*
•4 me If I had aeon tbe rope-rider. I
•aid WoP and ha aald they must be
underneath tha ears. I told him to go
•ad gat Jlmmie Steele to come right
away, and I want right down as quick
ly aa I eould. ani whan I aaw tha care
I wast aad got the miners oat for to
clear it ap.
Coroner: How far In tha haulage
m yea seppoae tha trip bad gone-
bow far did yon tower the carat
Wttaees:   About 10 yards.
Coroner: Anything (n tba stopping
of tba cars that told you anything was
Witness:    Ne; it was Jost a case
«n mmtm */** tmm unit*, m uvrntttii,* tto*'
i u.''-n awt, liml .Vv 4>V* I
Counter: When was tbe last time
botme that tbat ears aot off tb* traek'<
whan towering tbesit
■WUnate:  There was a rar off tbe
Ooroner: What* did that car gat
off lh* tracks?
Wttaaaa: About four or Hv* yards
above where tlmt eav* waa
Witness: What was tk* e**e* ef
that ear getting off?
Witness:  A had ear.
her, witness stated that It was good.
Questioned as to whether there was
anything peculiar about the cars, be
thought one the cam had caught the
timbers—the second car. He had no
opinion to give aa to how the accident
had happened. He was confident that
the track was In good condition,
Mr. Charles J. Murphy having sworn
to the accuracy of the plans submitted
tho next witness was
Mr. Evan Evans, District Mine Inspector, was sworn.
Coroner: You have made an Inspection of the scene of the accident?
Witness:    Yea.
Coroner:   Wbat did you find?
Witness: Wall. Just about the
same as the witnesses have stated.
Coroner: Have you any opinion
to give concerning this matter from
your findings?
Witness: I can't say exactly more
tban the other witnesses, but T believe the ears went ott tha track above
tbat place; one on one aide and two
to tb* other side.
Coroner: Did you take any mea-
auraments below tha pslce where the
earn were off; that ia the distance of
the wheel marks from th* rail?
Witness: I measured tbem 10 Inches off ihe truck.
Coroner: That l« the farthest distance they war* off?
Witness' Yes; from 11 intbm down
to * inches, aad from that coating
close to the rail,
Coroner: Had the ears struck any
timber lover down tb« grade befors
Wltnssa: They struck one down
wt*** ntmnt tm tmt, lost s slight
Miii it  it-it  ii,
Cormier: Dtd yon find any Indies-
tie** on th* cars of their bating
Wim*-**:    Oni* -tti* mt* Ymi wmttt
think that prop was a newly sealed
prop: it wasn't stweh very bard, but
It hail bean struck by something.
Coroner; Yon don't know tbat tb*
ears struck It?
Witness: I eoald aot nny the eor*
j struck that poet
Coroner: You found it all right
then, that ls it was in a sufficiently
good condition to give no cause for
complaint about it?
Witness: I had no reason to complain of It, but there might have heen
something happen tbere since tben.
Coroner: What is tho conditio*^ of
the track? /
Witness: It appeared all rlgvt-t, vx*
cept two latches; I could shove tbls
finger-(holding up second finger, about
% inch in width) down between the
latches. Tho latches didn't go close
up to the rail. This finger will go
down between the point and tbe rail.
Coroner; They were loose latches?
Witness: They wero stiff to operate, but I don't say they would fly
away from tbe rail.
Coroner: The three -first oars pass,
ed safely over that; then do you think
the latch opened and the other three
went off?
Witness: It might do it and it
might not.
Coroner:   If such a thing did bap
pen would It Ve the fault of the latch?
Witness; Yes; tbat is to aay wheth-
er that latch was going close enough
to the rail.
Coroner: Could you place tbe
blame If that latch ahould spring
Witness: I don't say I could, but
of course the latch Is supposed to go
right tlKln against tbe rail.
Coroner: Within tbe distant? of
that latch above tha place where the
fait took place do you think there
would have been time for them to have
belled and stopped tbe cars?
•Witness: The distance would be
SS feet; well that would depend on
ihe speed tbat they would be going.
Coroner: Did you see anything that
would lead you to form an opinion as
to the aetual eause of th* accident?)
Witness: No; I eould not say that
I could. I could not say what Is the
aetual cans*.
Ooroner:   You measured the actual
distance b*tw*n the rail to tha post?
Witness:     Twenty inch** to th*
post I measured.
Coroner:   That Is ona of tbe broken
Witness:   Yea,
Coroner:   Wbat would bn the distance from tbe rail to th* rib?
WltflofSf   tVn t**t *ta i*******
'ultta~WHl"comffien"w7oT~ffiis season^
when tbe curlers of the east and west
side of thO city will oppose one another. The Inducement for the respective sides will be to win,, as the losers will be obliged to donate half a ton
of flour to the Ladies' Benevolent -Society.
A further Indication of the growth
of this town was noticed this (Friday)
morning, when in spite of the weather
we noticed Mr. A. McLean busy putting down the foundation of another
printing establishment on Jaffray St.
This, we understand is to be the home
of the new Italian journal that has
been started recently In this town.
The dance given by the Fernie Hockey Club held on Wednesday evening
proved a fair success. It was rather
poor encouragement to the youngsters,
and possibly If those responsible for
tbe management had taken counsel
with the ladles and let them have a
hand in the running it would have
been more successful. This, of
course, Is not very consoling to tt-e
lads, but will, no doubt be adopted en
future occasions. The tradespeople
also might get it into their bead that
tbe kids nre the only hockey team <n
the city this year, and are a real fast
The Fernie Coal Creek Excelsior
Baud concert in the Grand Theatre
December 20th, when an excellent
program -will be delivered. The band
is practising hard for thin occasion
and we feel sure their efforts will be
On New Year's Eve there will be
a dance, with a full orchestra. A
swell time is guaranteed all who avail
themselves of this affair.
Tlie band has several applications
from musicians who wish to became
members. All the funds possible are
required, however, to provide inntru-
ments for these players, so come in
your hundreds and help build up the
band, which the members intend, if
determination and perseverance count
forjutigthlng. shall be _the_hes_Ldn_theJ
The funeral of P. Catenaro, one of
tho victims of tbe accident at tbe -mines In Fernie on Friday last, waa held
Sunday afternoon. The Fernie .Italian Hand headed tbe cortege, playing
the strains of the Dead March (rom
Saul. Deceased was an active member of this organisation, and practlc
ally ihe whole of tbe Italian npealdng
brothers turned out to pay their last
tribute of respect Tbe funeral of T,
Myers, the tad who was killed at tbe
aame time, waa held on Tueaday, when
a large number went to the gravesld*
to pay their respect to th* deceased
and show their sympathy with tho parents.
The Inquest In connection with the
death of Q. Rossi, the Italian watchman employed by the «!r«.u Northern
Hallway, who, while perfjrniing hit
regular duties as (rack walker on
Sunday morning last, was run duw*
and instantly killed by a withbwnd
■0. H. ettra. took pinto tn the -mart
hottM ber* on Tiw»«*tv nftereoum    »
•Witness waa then mss-ewrtitM to'Bamb#r of witnesses wer* eatlM in
Air. «. Caufield. g*n*ra! enpertnt**.)™1"*"10* *Mh th* lrW** mn* 0f
dent of company, who toot exception wlMMn ••'* efomUAeuet,   bnt   the
to certain remarks by witaeea, ,nit-m%tn ot the train cm* were ibe
Thia concluded tb* •vtdene*. „nd Prlnclp.il ones.  The accident was not
ibe tmy Mlrwl for ntm* t,iit w H»*»**i*d until «h* lr»f* r*nrA*tt lm
Municipal ibodles derive their powers from legislatures and are always
subject to control by the higher authority, says a writer In the Winnipeg
Voice.     Recause of this some labor
men think tbe working class ahould
not bother with municipal politics till
thoy control the superior bodies.   It
ls probably true that the workers will
not be able to revolutionize their condition without first capturing the full
powers of tho state.    Yet It Is a poor
imagination tbat cannot discern countless ways In which labor might exert
a wholesome influence on society during the preliminary   stages   of   the
struggle, (Municipalities control housing, sanitation, public health, parks,
charity and otber departments of public effort    What nonsense It Is to sayj
that labor could derive no benefit from
participating In the control of these
things.    Most labor men think public
ownership u good thing: it at least
tends to raise tbe conditions of labor.
Ry controlling municipal politics labor
could Impart a great Impetus to the
movitrent for public ownership,   and
could exercise a useful Influence on
the management of munlclpally-owned
utilities,     Here, decidedly, advantage
could be obtained.  Aa cities grow
larger.   Uio   municipal corporations
tend to become the largest employers
In the oountry.     It, would b* a nlof'
thing for labor to control Its largest
employers.     Moreover, the spending
powers of municipalities get greater
every day.    New avenues for municipal  enterprise open  up  constantly;
and It seems probable that som« of
the most Important community work
of th* near future will be done In the
municipal arana.  It promises to bt
the esp*rim*ntsl fitnge for the society
of to-morrow.     kahor   men   should
therefore not neglect municipal politics.    It is true they sr# handicapped
by the property qualifications requtr-
<ai  for *..tT-itu.ru.   but  un* difficulty
could be removed by p*r*iatwtt pr*»»-
sure.     Workingmen, even as tt is,
outnumber all otber clan*™ of voter*,
and could exert   an   lnflti«n<w   thst
would surprise them did. tlwy rate to
try.    b is not for the purposes of tbe
9:9,.... «««wi«i,wu 10*1 workmen should
James A. Seddou, president of the
British Trades Union Congress, and
Albert Bellamy, president of the British National Union of Itailwiiymeii.
were visitors to Vancouver, recently.
They attended the recent convention
of the American Federation of Uibor
in Philadelphia. Their mission at
that gathering was to urge that the
Federation take action to call a convention of representatives of labor uii;
ions of all countries, to meet in the
same place at the sivnie time as the
national delegates who attend the
peace conference, which it is presumed will take place at the end of the
war. The plan has the further object
of trying to secure direct representation of labor at that conference by. one
or /more delegates from labor organizations. The object of that is to prevent the machinations and expose the
scheming of secret diplomacy which
is held to be largely responsible for
Hie causes .which led to the war.
During the course of an interview
with the Federationlst both the visitors made it plain that in their estimation the labor movement of Britain
could adopt no othf-r course than that
of supporting the war.
Mr. Seddon's View
Mr. Scddon said: "The British trades unionists are unanimously in support of Uie government. Tliey issued
a manifesto pointing out that they
were up against militarism in the
worst form and that the struggle was
between democracy and militarism.
The manifesto was not opposed by a
single member. The trades unionists'
second manifesto calling on ex-,sol-
diers to rejoin the ranks has been
largely responded to by organized
000 members of the NTation«I Union of
Railway-men who have joined the colors. .. We had an appeal from the
Belgian workers for help, and thought
of taking over our contributions 'n
hard coin, but with the scarcity of
food there, it Is probable we shall adopt the same course as in the Dublin
strike, and purchase food supplies.
Aid for the Belgians
"The British trades unionists havo
made a levy of two cents per member
to aid Belgian workers, nnd hnvo raised nearly half a million dollars. The
textile unionists have voted 110,000
out of the international fund and the
Miners' Union are making * a levy of
25 cents a member for the same object.
Oerman Junkers
Continuing, Mr. Seddon said: "No
one regrets more than I do the terrible
catastrophe which has fallen upon us.
1 have been an advocate of peace all
tmy. life, and I think I know as well .is
most people what jingoism and militarism mean. But I um firmly convinced that there iwa* an element in
the German governing clatm which bad
determined to crush every tendency to
democracy In its desire to 'maintain
control. Tbst element was the military Junker class. It did not represent the commercial class and certainly not tbo working oinnn. It had
a proud contempt for both, and scared
the Oerman workers Into its war policy by preaching th* danger of Russian
SHustlon In Germany
Bpcflklii't ol tie situation in ■ ;*-r-
mnny at the outbreak of thn mar, Mr,
geddon said: "It Is my firm opinion
that the militarist party In -Germany
realised tbat if it ever hoped to strilto
a blow for its own preservation, It had
to «lo It now. The rapid growtn <*
working class representation In tb*
SCRANTON, l\i., Dec. 1).--Thlr.t*«ii
mine workers were killed at the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Coal
Oompmiy's Diamond colliery here, today when the platform of a mine cage
o n whioh they were being lowered into
the mine collapsed and dropped 200 ft.
to the bottom of the shaft. A'fourteenth man saved himself by clinging
to the cage.
W'hui caused the collapse of the carriage has uot yet been determined. It
was at first believed to be an accident caused by an explosion of dynamite, but investigation failed to show
any evidence of any explosion.
DENVER, Col.,  Dec. S.-Whc Colo-
r:ido conl strike was called off tonight,
effective December JO.
This action was taken by Mie convention of District No. 15 cf the Unit-
pi! Mine Workers of America by a unanimous vote late tonight, after an all-
tl.ty session, and ratifies the report of
the Internationa! executive board, introduce.! today recommending the termination of the strike.—--Spokesman
Having done labor for a number of
>ears, John D. Rockefeller has come
out witb -tbe announcement that he-
will do labor again. This time he will
do lt good—and plenty.
It Ss really something new. The
$100,000,000 Foundation Fund of Oily
John, ever_Jookiin; for cu-re-alls,—is-
Itelchstag, where the social democrats
going to investigate laibor. John D.
has concluded tbat there is something
the matter with It. Somehow he cannot understand why labor should lialk
at the terms laid down by ibis holy
son in tbe Colorado regions and other
places and he is going to find out. If
It takes nil his capital.
John has appointed MaoKensle
King its main spender and investigator. King has been Canadian Com.
mtsKlotier of Habor under^ Laurier.
Laurier being a rank reactionary, was
an able instructor of King, according
to John's point of view, and King will,
no doubt, do the job to tbe queen's
teste, not in mention the taste or sn
oil king.
John's investigators will find out ull
he wants to know~-ttoi! there tbey
will stick. King will undoubtedly tell
John that labor Is grasping and always wanting more than Is good for IL
Then John will see, if he can, tliat
labor *wlll get so much and no more.
John Is quite a comedian. He
knows what Is really the mattor with
lnbor. Tlie matter Is John. Hut Isn't
ho cute?    He's over six.
Referring to tbe proposed ltock«»-
feller ..Foundation's' labor Investigation, Prosldont Gompers of the American Federation of tabor said:
"Of coursn everybody knows that
such an Investigation would be Impartial, In proof of that one only has
to turn to the Rockefeller interests <n
Colorado and study the history of tit©
strllut on their property."
Tlmti lie mid sharply.'
The flno thing ihat Investigation
ahould do is to turn the searchlight
un titi* Rockefellers themselves."
"If the Rockefeller Foundation ts
sincere In wanting to do -something to
pronwie better relations between em-
ploytr and employe in this country, it
ought to urge John tl. Rockefeller, Jr.,
to accept Prwtld-eitt Wilson's plan to
end the Colorado coal strike and tben
had captured III seals, one of which go ahead with ita Investigations
represented tho very divlntoii ot Pou-j    Thi- wait lhe »t:il.-ment of Fmn-k J
tf«m in which the Kslser -Mnis-Hf Ih ,11.1)1 •*-, Init-rnalional vlce-presid«n{ «f
ed, coupled with the exposures of war- j the Tnlled Mino Worker* of America.
-■—--'-— - **  »:*f!j.rd dirti.t ifc* *mb* m
mong«rtn« made i)V
summer,   oonvlneed
l.i.i'ilriitH ti
U*.» i Wim
the    militarist'•■fVilrir.-tito fo- *,vf»r a >e«
party that thc mowcii.1 lu J mtm whmt \
The wage earner today nt>*d* a t**
th«y had to nw-U- a fight 4ita.n«t d<» i more ffinnrr m**!*, * tem more rttml
mw'rat') in tiuur awn -c-wwit.ry, nntl ■ *m -comforts to-fore he will linvi* inut-b
for which they hsd been f»w»|isrfn«f i>itti*ttre with -.in tnvosltgatloii ron.
Ju»t aa awe!* »n tlie) bad been pri* ; dwt-wi by sn organisation ftnaii-f^d
parins to tlirbt ft** i^"""' "■-■" •■; " "' • ., , .... „. -*.«!*<« mmmim i«
Tliey had built up « wsr tw-t-fMw* ttilrnoA  r*»»w«-i.-.■-,   ■ ■.-,   ... ., .«.-.,
IVrOaer: -llo von r*m*nAt*r miv
other Mme of cars gettlttg off la thst
Witness: Te*; wit* a whi»« aim,
it mwt be two mtitttks ago.   .
fteptytttf te f*rth*r nwsHaaui by tb*
CkmMMpr. wnnen Mated that fe* »t-
amlaed tba ground above Om cave
bet itaw no signs of wheel marts
aleiigsid* th* trwk.   Tb* cars w*r*
Cur****'   Df(f ymi n*<* any fn.fica
Uofis of tbat oa the t«rs?
Witness: On th* Isst ear on tb*
Ml band aide going down, near th*
rope, there waa aoss* bark aad slivers
limb**! la between tie: ttm bttnti not
tb* o»h*r p*ff ot tb* *n*.
verastf! iv* mmm* mi hmpotimhi
of that mine regularly, Mr. Rvsnet
Witarns:   Tea.
after-which they returned the follow-
destination at rtaynes, when blood wsi
tag verdict!
"We. th* undersigned, do deeler*
that we find aa follow.:
"That P*t*r Cai*Mto and Thomas
CrUlay f Myers) met their death by
suffotattoa, tmtteA by *n accidental,
fall of roof whilst reitewln* their m-fremiNHl **• *«gln*w's view wss bb-
»h»)iM«»t, n* roT*-n**r and bell J»oy**u,'At:u"1- Atiat it-cthttit tb# nvto-M-ir*
restiecttreiy, ta m. I Rett Mine, le\ik* ■*** *«*i*r***i a verdict ef arel-
dental dratk.
discovered on tb* atitln*. snd also
on ib* wheels of th* coach, tb* only,
car whlrh wss attached to the engine,
|snd *v*n th*a it wts surm'.iad thst
some smsll animal had been struck.;
CK'tnit; to the tw. tlwu the- i-»g',n<* ■***
tb* District kaowa aa
the afternoon of
about t p.m."
Rati DSjr*," *a
lib,  I'M*,
tk, Srmmoas, Ui.S„ uu*-. «-..-,
tlat, Baak «t Haartttoe Mtdiag lot*
tmite Trites-Wood Co» Vanwover
©en Heoro, TssMermist, W*et f%r-
ot*. tt ye* wtoi iwsv treeile* mtmtfi.*
ei wed, finished well, sad r#*lly rml-
i*xw, oxa* as n call. V-mi ean aet
eamp!** of ear work la every bom*
and pnWlc ptsre in Kerni* snd Ih*
•"str***,     CiufWMi  motlornt*;   wort
a means of doing Imvnodlat* good and
ee-mel'ltlng n btx*e from whlrh to tmako
.*4tr.«VV      *.»...v.-.,     .MV     m*t»l».'l|J««»     *I-XC
tions oftor unrivalled opportunities ~
Sunday, Iter 1.1, 1» ».m. "A font.
sent Qu«»Uoij lu .rn A** of ttmlwion
*.30 p.m. "A Min** \*f'-.1 ni 'b>*
t '-■■■■ ji.m.,. M:i!id»j M'Jifol.
T .to p.m., Praw ro^fi-
Ai, ;.i;» p.m.. Thou.gbW.ii
shy, "M p.m. choir ps**:-
11 uv .u-j.v,.'-j..>w.' (*,;„....», hUl u*»i<4tuMitiK »tr«mnb and p*rl**tion, wi*h'
must he mSiU-nA b> an attack oa tbtjibt d«ilber*te Intention \ of making j
ji fttntitol law-m*kl)i»« h*d»*»      It*!  **i|$b<ir *■!**»# w*»i*r» IxtU, m their own l
country and out*ld# of It.    In llrlia.n'
tb*'   (*<»Mtlil'*l   itAW'-Ar  nnd   -milpr'-it   en-
MHMm of tb*> wrrrtfre i* ffmit*«4 ami'
mtwrabl** enough, tut I «wlt »<»i net,;
»n<l runt* now tee, thnt tin- pfforf* el
hftltib workers to luiprou* slitjr ttm-',
dHion would b# furtn#rml hy thf «»*■•;
ee>.t of th* Oerman militarist el*»« in:
fM* -tr. Tb-il U a-fi Utat i«nv»c-;
•Ion*, nnd thst Is why I hnv* surnirr*-
!   .*...   ,44/'*U ,   *ti   I*,**   «t»fH#.*r*   >/*r.v<»
Into th* war." |
Tb* vi*w» -Mtpr-wMwd hy Mr H*4tton |
in wn*m»~-froU*,hi falon Uwier,
lag.   Thuf.<
wwfcers.  v
Tbt' *i*ilt*nt,- * .»*- > .- :(,.,: ;,kAn
IWlvcd tht* o**b:
Mr*.  Pa'-w.    I  toll.
Mrs* HoWi'-atind**-:: ,>air wrs»tl«*lf
Aim. J  lr*iw   l pair wn«»i#'fji
Mr*. tltmlA   1 Mt
A FrlMid---! t«ir eo»k«.
■Mo   Itentii-rwwi    W«v).
Miss M Itrwwn- ■fttttrtiln* ti*t- ».5i-l.»
Tb* Tbouihtfnl nth—it 1-2 toten
Tb**,-  Ufl
X: i::?J"!,    «:;-•■ •?•»«• »»n ***b, which «*»*»„*» et*
knitting  ilwivu for ih« wai., unn*4*met tb* ft V 'i*!*«.*•«i  it* ***?»*< ** tw««- » »«!«•
mmrt tttoenm «nd laying a mmk af tlL,    tZmTJil   £     > J I* '* *■"*   '*   n*1m »*•»»*»
of esnlMh. ituikte for tk, llrtwnto Uck i« Knttnn« .j,ro8,i» *' r,,. l*!t"'l? r'"nrtew« I«M*ital siwtw, |^
John i»
it tmm ftntr ttt*n4 -flflttMhJiP-Jl   iii-n*-*-!**.**-,tm ■«.	
.^' -NysijjKy:- . y"""," ■'.!•■
■"-■'"' I'    tt»|*nilti|lt»WMlli*lnli»-h*iJ--r**-m*t*
W^f^-V5' ' '-i'^^^'S'^^ftf^"-
*'V»V.   .
i ?
If, *#*-*    J?*«v$ur'£v
Tragic History
of Galicia
From the New York Gall by 'Bernard
The recent successes of the Muscovites in Galicia, their victorious m'arch
through the heart of ancient Poland
and the wresting of the territory from
Austria, recalls the tragic history of
Galicia and its inhabitants. The history of tlie Austrian crownland, Galicia, now invaded by Russia, is
marked by continuous \vars and bloodshed, beginning in the twelfth century up-till the present day. Turmoil
ainl strife fell to the lot of the early
inhabitants of tliat country. It was
first seised by one invader, then by
another, divided and redividetl, until
at times the inhabitants did not know
themselves who the sovereign really
The first of the long- list of bloody
strife in the history ol' Galicia 'took
place in the twelfth century with its
neighboring principality of Lodoiueria.
In those days Galicia was an independent state. This war gave the
Kins of Hungary a pretext for interference and the consequence was 'that
Iio appointed his son, Andreas, to rule
over the kingdom.
Hut Andrc-ns was not to rule long.
Galicia having found favor with Poland, appealed for aid. This, Poland
granted and Andreas was driven from
llie country. Soon, however, Lodo-
meriii again asserts herself, and, after
a long and bloody conflict, succeeds in
v:iii!|iiis'.iinK Galicia. In 1205, with
the death of Roman. Prince of l.odo-
ineria. boih Hungary and Poland bu-
■4:in manopuvers to seize Galicia them-
took possession of the territory north
of the Carpathian -Mountains, including the cities of Lomiberg and Cracow.
However, in tbe days ijf Napoleon's
victories, when lie was rearranging
tliu map of Uuropc, -Cracow, the beautiful city of the Poles, was not over-
locked by him. In 1801) tlie eity was
wrested from Austria and incorporated
with the Duchy of Warsaw, under the
rule of Saxony.
Wilh the defeat of Napoleon and
the rise of Alexander I, of Russia, in
IS'2, the dreams of the grea<.' French
Wi-.rrior were shattered. All his plans,
which he formulated hy Ihe aid or tho
sword, were cast aside, und both Cracow and Warsaw fell Into the lia nils
of Itussia. However, al the historical
Vienna congress of 1815, where the
map of Kurope was ngnln rearranged
and the peace of the continent assured
for some time, it was agreed that
Cracow should form a free state, un
dor the protectorate or Russia, Prussia and Austria.
When the national spirt of Hip
Poles'bftjrnn to assort itself, .when i'r>y
decided by insurrection to attain ib'iv
independence and throw off the yoke
of tlie guardian*. Cracow was a a; iin j
the scent', of another struggle. Tn
ISMi, when the Poles made their inst
fm He attempt to unite tlieir unfortunate country, rent asunder by its
enemies, a huge demonstration took
Police in which thousands participated.
This event gave the' three guardians
nu opportunity to rob Crncow of lief
Irdepeudence, nml she wns turned
over tn the Austrian ruler.
Thc first few \ears of Austrian iron
■The city was founded in 1259 by a
Rutheniaii prince. Unlike Cracow,
however, its history has not been quite
si turbulent. Eighty years after :be
cily was built it was captured by
Casiinir the Great and remained a
Polish possession for more than 100
years. During the days of Polish supremacy, Lemberg was-one of its leading cities. It became the see of a
Roman1 Catholic Archbishopric, and
afti-r the fall of Constantinople it developed greatly in trade with the Bast.
The most interesting fact concerning the City of Lemberg wliich may,
periwps, explain the easy fall of the
•city, is ilie total lack of military fortifications. In 1811. Austria, dreaming
little of the present struggle with its
impending dangers, tore down the
ring of fortifications about the city
and converted tho place into pleasure
srniiiiils.      That    may.    perhaps, ex-
tecture. Upon tho recent capture of
the city, the M-uscovites have changed
the name of the city from Lemberg
to Lvoff.
This war adds another tragic and
bloody chapter to the history of Ga-
ficia and the Poles. The present European conflict has revived the ancient
dream of .Polish independence, which
may perhaps restore Galicia to tne
Poles and unite their country torn
asunder by the very same rulers new
at war:
It seems almost incredible that but
n few centuries ago Poland was a free
and pround republic. -Its people, who
are now scattered all over the world,
a prosperous and valiant race. In
those days Galicia was one of their
most cherished possessions. When all
the nations of Kurope were still dominated by the iron laws of divine rulers, when they bowed their heads in
silent submission lo royal puppets, Poland stood forth as the only indepen-
--having to go
He  wouldn't
with the moustache.)
Would he like that
back again?
He   wouldn't   mind,
mind nt all. - ' *
"You- see, sir," said Private Dodd,
"there's more peace for a -man out
there at the front. Thoy don't mesa
you about the same as they do here.
It's all right lying sriug in a place like"'
this. The King hisself could not wish
for a better life than this. 1 say the
King hisself could not wish tor a bet-,
ter life than this. Bqt this won't last
forever. I've got on wonderful since
I've been—ome;, me leg's better me
arm's ibetter, me face better, me deaf-
ass nearly gone."^ (You had to'sbout
at the top of your voice to make ^tim
hear^ two words.) "Soon me rlbs'll
grow together once again, and then
they'll have me out o' this and send
me back to duty. Back to Aldershot
or Salisbury Plain or Colchester. 1
don't want none o' that. I'd rather
go bacl; to the front. (They don't
about   so   much."-—The
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
selves. Again Galicia was turned intolruli; Is a talc of woe in the annals cf
a battlefield, and after a prolonged! the city. The ancient -churches of
fight Hungary comes out the victor.      .Cr u-o.w still bears thc bullet, marks,
Shortly aftor the Hungarian victory
a new factor appears upon tlie scene,
-Mistliiv, of Novgorod, the Husian
ruler alter a bloody war drives the
Hungarians from Galicia,-' annexing
the territory 'himself as pnrt of his
ihe tell-tale evidence ot the Russian
Cossacks and Austrian troops, inflicted in the last struggles for Polish
freedom. .The old folks songs still
celebrate the heroic youths, men and
women alike, who fell victims for th?
cause of national liberty,   Not till the
dent democracy of the world.
Then came  the dark days of 1772. j mess"a   man
when the great political  crime  was'Clarion.
perpetrated, when Poland was sliced '	
to   pieces,  torn  asunder and  divided j WHAT LABOR IS DOING FOR
between Austria, Prussia nnd Russia.!    THE FIGHTER AND HIS FAMILY
Hard -has been tlie lot of the 'Poles' 	
since that day. 'Terrible has been; During the past month joint confer-
their plight. They saw their dreams. encev' have been held between repre-
criirhed ami their hopes shattered, j seutatives of trade union and So-
but through all these years they j chilist organizations in London, iBrls-
drawal cf the Austrian troops when j fought and struggled to free bhem-j toi, Cardiff, 'Plymouth, Manchester,
the Russians approached. , selves nnd their beloved Poland from j Leeds.   Liverpool,  Birmingham,  Glas-
Lem-berg is one of the  most beau- j the yolie of tlieir oppressors. j bow, Dundee, Newcastle, Portsmouth,
tifnl cities of Galicia. ft has many I As far hack as the epoch of the j kd^ster nnd Ipswich for the pur-
heautifn! private and public buildings. I Prim-es of Kiev, a prophetic leader I l»ose of uniting all the farces of labor
The city has several prominent bo- said that it would be impossible for'to demand of the government that
luiiicai gardens and a number of very I the Poles or tho Russians to lay j disabled soldiers and their families De
pretty parks and boulevards.   One otidown arms until one side or the other i paid not less than $!> per week and
plain   the  i'imsom for the quick  w-ith-
Poluud's renowned universities and
educational institutes is located there.
It is the seat of ihe famous National
Institute founded by Count Osslllnskl.
There are kept books and manuscripts
relating chiefly to the history and literature of Poland, besides the valuable antiquarian and scientific collec-
I.embers is lhe residence of iliC-
ttoiuan Catholic, Grpek --£athollc and
Armenian Arch bishops. It has many
prominent old cathedrals, which are
remarkable  for their gorgeous arclii-
should be definitely worsted. (Historic
events of tlie past centuries seem to
bear out  the  truth  of the  prophecy.
Xow Russia,   with   its   recent   triumphant  marches  through   Austria   and
German. Poland, has  completed    the
| task which the leader of Russia propli-
j esied.   But whether thc- Polanders are
[ vanquished and will lay dawn arms is
; another  question which  time    alone
thai widows and orphans be provided
for on a like basis. It was also decided to demand labor representation
on local relief committees, the furnishing of work or maintenance for
tbe unemployed, adequate subsidies
out of National funds for trade union
unemployed, benefits during the 'war
period, the National care of motherhood   by   the   establishment  of  .nia-
will tell.    Galicia, however, like many | ternity, and  infant centers, the com-
times before in Its turbulent history, j pulsory provision of means for school
has changed  hands again and
new  master—Russia.
Put, like al! the others, Russia 's ] political changes, leading to repr-a-
not io rule long over Galicia. Daniel | sentative government hnd taken placo,
of Lodomerla, the son of Roman, after {did things growbetter.
securing the aid of Pope Innocent IV. I The constitutional articles of 1867
eLxgiiges the Russians in war. After a j created new and more favorable,, con-
~"        sfru ggie
"snowr-smiRKi*?.- i»ancia*"*oii"ce'
passes under Lodomerla rule.
'TnoTeyninonF" tot"titp"tnF-reiopmeni ot iffiEr
i Polish people in the fields of arts and
And so the bloody wars continue ■ science. In 1872 Bmperor Joseph
until |:*,10, when Casiinir of Poland | founded the Academy of -Science nnd
acquires Galicia and incorporates it I Cracow has ever sincp been the center
with Lemb.-Tg. At the death of Ca&l-'of Polish literature and art.
mir, in i:i7o, in accordance iwlth cer-i No other Polish city possesses so
t-ilii treaties, (t-ilicla nml Lodomerla iv-my old and historic buildings, none
are acquired hy Hungary. Finally j of them contain so, mnny national
llirough the marriage of a daughter I relics, or has been so closely associ-
of lAiuis the Great of Hungary, (iii-inteil with the development and des-
llclu becomes a Polish province and j tinles of Poland as Cracow. Cracow
remains sr> until lhe first partition of; hns thirty-nine famous old churches
Poland,  in  177:',  when  it was  trans-1 and twenty-five conventa,   One of the
ferrod   to Austriii,
Tlie iroublel sl.ite of ih" Gallciaii
affairs reflected Itself upon the principal, Clieruowlcz ami others have
been In continual battle for their existence. '
Cracow, the lowering capital and
coronation   town  of ancient  Poland's
mos! f'iminis of its churches Is the
StnnlslaiiK Cathedral. Gothic In architecture, consecrated lu 13-"tfl. It standi
on n rocky eminence to the southwest
of tho city, known uh the Wurwel.
Here the kings of Poland were crowned. It Is also the Pinilhnon of ihn
Polish nation, the burial place of its
A Wounded Soldier
Uy A. Xeil  Lyons
The wounded soldier lay in his bed: |
A sumptuous bed. situated in a silent!
lofty   room   and  richly  found  in  silk;
has a i children, and the' continued National
control    over   railways,    docks,   and
 ■ similar enterprises at the close of the
I war.
The British Socialist party has
' just inaugurated a winter campaign
J throughout   the   United   Kingdom   to
  | secure support for the following five
! demands:
I mil labor, nnd which yet was as soft I    ).   Full    remuneration,    compensa-
land dean, ir not bo uniformly white, i tion and pension    for   soldiers   and
|as any stockbroker's!     * .sailors,   with   ample    provision    for
Private Dodd, it appears, has been ■ their wives and dependents.
'mentioned iu despatches" -by virtue;
_T1ip co-operative organization of
and down und cambric.     These com-1 of a trivial exploit on the field of bat- ■ all   unemployed  labor,  male and   fe-
forts had  been freely   given   to   the! lie.     He crawled out of the trenches' male, on a high standard-of life,
wounded soldiers hy a grateful govern-1 and brought back wounded men—four!    :;.   The National control and devel-
ment—at  somebody    else's    expense. | of  theni;   one  by one—on  his  back, i opment ot the food supply.
Some  private  person's expeiihe, j One nsited  lilm to explain the  exact j     1.'   Tho feeding and clothing of all
I   was   privileged   to  shake    hands  significance    of   being "mentioned in I school children.
with this soldier, and then to sit nti despatches."   ■> j    5.   The complete suspension of all
the foot of his bed nnd talk to him: j    "Oh,    nothing, sir,"    said    Private, payments on the part of the workers
mi experience which T greatly vnlnetl, | Doilil, not in any spirit of false mod-; utid-vr the insurance act.   -
because I hart been reading a number i esty, but iwlth the air of almost aes-l    The    Berlin    Vorwaerts    expresses
of,, newspaper     "interviews"     wilh ■ perate  earnestness  which   plain  men * grant,   dissatisfaction  .with   the   reply
wounded   soldiers,  all  of  which  per- j adopt when they want to cdnvey an' mnde'by the Imperial Chancellor to
i'orninnceH struck me us being extnior-i abstract idea.   "It's nothing, sir.     A
(lluniily  unreal nnd unconvincing.   It [ kind of n custom, that's all,     There's
is ill nrgulns from the particular lo' hundreds mentioned every time.     If
the general.     I will, therefore, merely | there's  any     Distinguished    Conduct
stato that my wounded soldiers of thn; .Meduls lo spare, onp o' them might
Sunday press, being--for one thing—! come n fellow's wny;  but thnt ain't
kings,  the royal  burial place ot its; kings and great men     Hero lie burl
liuiioiu monarch* nud renowned poets,
ts situated at tlio left band of the
Vistula River. It ban u population of
iil.iMlo. nnd Is one ofthe moat noto3>lo
Hi ten In Galicia as woll ns tn Kurope.
Crncow, unlike any othor Kuropeiin
'•Ity, i>«rhipi-i, line gone through many
-stormy periods, with ever-ctlutnglng
events in political history nnd civilization.
cl .!ohn 8oblenkl. Thmliloous Kosclus-
ki. .lohn Ponltnwskl, Ailnma Mtckl"-
uh;i'   and others.
Tiie cathedral is iidorni»il with v ilu-
"Iiii- i ni'itttigs and scinilnri", the work
••' Vob.nit's greate-v nrtlnts. Here Msm
r< |H)k-h the 'indent I'd'sh regi-'i/w
worn l»> Its many Wim In the gnvi:
days of Its tilortou* l-iift. Near the
rnthrdrnl, on the Wnwi'l, stands the
without a sense of draniu.
He snt up in bed, wearing n gur-!about. They
; nient of bright, pink fliinnel nnd look- One of our snrgr-iiiits got a Dlstln-
I Ing, on thp whole, extremely .well, guls'hed Con duel Mednl in the lion'
. This was s'l-iinge, bet-iiusp he Iiiid been Wnr for Hitting (whlrh kindly read
ivory thoroughly wounded. Up had, iih mich) between the lines. No, sir:
j In tlie first place, been struck on the'there's no particular cop about theee
a delegation t-putiesting relief for the
unemployed. "Kven now, in spite of
the effects of the war," says Vor-
w-iierts, "everything ts to be just as
it always was, and the municipalities,
and not the  Kniplre, are to  be  re-
likely, not with ho many sergeants 1 quired to care for tho unemployed,
mostly get the medals, j But thn municipalities refer the task
to the states, and the State govern*
inputs bund it on to the Kmplre. Junt
ns hits been done for a decade, and
nothing ls done for the unemployed.
The  unemployed  urn not   helped   hy
No. 2314 l
Nset first ahd third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Pernie: second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cteek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in  Crahan's  Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society  attached.—
R, Beard, secretary.
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore, Alta. ,  "
Np. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in n-.onth.   Sick ami Bonoflt Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   \,.m.   In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman,—M.   Mitchell,   «ec.   Box
105. Colemun.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening- at
7 o'clock In tun ilankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
aitaclird.*-—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec. HiuvlUieHd. Alta.
No, 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.S0   p.m.   tn   the   Opera   House,
Coloman.—J, Johnstone, Sec.
•No. 2352
Meet every seconi} 'ana. fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Slok Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries."
Sec, Passburg, Alta.    -
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 18 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet evw first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hal!. Maple Leaf, No Slok
Society.—ThoR. G. Harries. Sec.
Passburg, Alia. -'    n
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 ln Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—U Moore. Seci-Trcas.
^o. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. —James
Burke, Sec. Box 36, Bellevue,
Alta.  ,
No. 1189
Mmi every Friday evening at
7.80 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Aci-tdent Benefit Society attached.—Frank narrlnghiim. Sec, Box
1*.2, Coalhurst 1'. O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—.lohn
Loughran, Sec.
•    No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  ln  the Club  Hall.    Sick
.Benefit   Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin,  B.C.
'   No. 3026
Meet every Synduy afternoon,
2.30. at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hotter, Sec
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at -Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit    Soclet>-    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
rsions to Eastern
Canada & United States
On Sale December lst $o December 31st, 1914.
To Toronto. Hamilton, Sarnifl,   Wimlmir.   Montreal,   OttawH
Hellevillc, Kiiiguton.^pt. John, Mom-ton; Halifax and all other
points in Ontario, Quebec and Maritime Provinces.
KUTUIIX KAHK to poiutrhi (Vrtlnil States, including Min-
neapolis, St. Paul. Duluth. Chicago. Kansas (Mtv and other
Cheap Rail Fares in Oonneotion with Trans-Atlantic Passage
Return Limit FIVE MONTHS.
All further information from nn.v tii-kol agent or of
]{. DAWSON. District Passongcr Agent. Calgary, Alta.
kni'u and arm by shrapnel, nml lyhlle 'nipntioiiH'; only noraethtnp for your!the promise thnt after tho war the
•mention will lu» InveitipUrd u* to
hon- fnr tin' iiiinili'l|>iilitlt'n tliat Rive
aid wiil lie recompensed. The weak
comfort that after the war. tho Jm*
pen rin i government may perhapi extend a grant will not i-ncourajte many
In li.:i«> ;it :i porlod of itH hlRhoHt. old royol cnnMo, 1hi?p In nho, be&mi j
priiKperlty, it wnn Invaded by the Iio-Inn early nn tho thirteenth century and |
)iftm!jin«.     After thnt, however, <'rH-!enlarged Inter.   Until Win tlm castle*
row wnn not -to rot In peace long.; wan used nn tho roRiilimre   of    tho
liefore it had an opportunity to ro
'•nidi rat*- from the Uohemlnn lnv;t«i<*>!i,
I: tweame the icene of another deadly j -Mirrectloti, the old Italia of their an
■.•mlInt.     'linn timtt.in I'itl, Uie Slo.
no!-, iippi-:ir upon ulie neene of Craraw
.ti„f ilr:n- Un- lioluMiiiaiih from :!i<*ii
ne*l> tic(julr"<l poniiei-mlonN.
The Hweden, Ibe northern noMrhlw*
of Poland, alimitwl by the tioaiity iim!
pniftptTlty of the country north of thu
■CnriHithliin MouiU.'iiiiH, nwooped down
on Cracow in tfl"'V Not witlsflod with
Ihelr raid, they app-Kir niraln In 1702,
•ni-! military hospltnlB, There wlioro'
«»ihi- the rule* of Poland in.id« merry,
wouude I rebel*, who attempted to
realise the Ions oherlalwd dream and
rtdtore Ui-elr unlive country to the
fflory which w:m once Ihelr o*n,
iti»t a« -Cracow, the (iiiclont capital
of Poland and (Juliets, It the most lm-
pdrtsnt Intullwttiiil ami artlitlc con-
lie waH lying lielplosn on Die Rroimd  p:iU to rend.     Tlie chnps In the regl
Hii   iitiimiiiiliinii   or   inuiKpiirt   whkoii  iii«iit   will  know nbout il, of eotirm'
iliiid   piiHscil   thai   wny,  t-rimhlnt:   hit* ■ nud lt'n nice to think they know about
ri*iH,   Hiiinsliiiijr   IiIh   collar  bone   uml.lt.   A lilt o' vwnnh.     See?     And If fl
tii-HxiiiK IiIh I'ucc.     Tho MU hud boen ' DlKtiiiHiitHhed   Conduct   Muilnl   <loe»
carefully   collected   and   broiiRlit    to ionic your way, why that's a bit of all
I'iiiirltiiid, where they hnd been put to- rliclit, because thoy give you a live- municipalities to help the unemployed
nellior imalu, ancl unw tliey sut up in  pnitnd urnlooty nloiiK with it." [now."
hn), liriKlit-eyc-l und elieerfnl, and ex-     "About this shell fire, now.   Wa* lt 	
uhepiiit.     Tliey ({reeled m« heartily, An terrifying ns the papers make out?'    "Wanes nfter the war" has b«co;ne
mille mi Interest Ins topic of <JUc.iv-
slon among the labor union offk- nl»
lit Ixindon, llerlin, I'oris nnd other
ptnees. It [i» flssumed by the iirlnn- ■
Ists thnt the war must close some;
tlmo iliirlnit the comliiR year, but:
there Is u wide difference ol 'jpliilon j
ntt to what tlm oeonomle conditions i
will be when Um KAoeral slsuKht*>r m (
.,„...  ,     ,       ,     slivlchliiK out a hand nhlch Kr!|ip'>i  Illil  lhe  wounded soldiers feol  very
Polish kin*.,    mil in \m, when the. ,„y (W| w|Ul „ lM.artlnw„ ni)<1 vigor'rrhrhlwi.il?"
sons o   Poland ,ough  liberty by l»-! wh,<,1| ,.„„ M||| ^ w, ,„ lhr(lfl fln((f.r,      „S()   „,,...  ,„,„ ,.r|vnlt. „oUdi ..„„,
(Humetlon. the old hitlli of their an--    ,,r|vit(l Mo(,(f W()H n mhwt poMT)(,. f|| ^ ,inl,n„PV miv    , ,.„. nnf ,,, tbt>
?TJ^!1.*"^?"H 'T^Z^Vt '«'«•«•• "m»lnt follow of the Snxoi, typeoriltniiry. wny," lm repeated, with thtt
blue-eyed, fitlr-halrcd, fnir skinned.'nlart nnd senrchliig look  with which
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
Arrowhoad, Cranbrook, Fsrnls, Oold   en,   Kamloops.  Mlch.l.  NeUon,..
Ravelttokt, Vancouver and Victoria,
Ihtorest allowed on deposits at oi»rrsnt rata from data of deposit.
I'oaf men accompany tliose repetitions.
to -be followed by Itiuwla In »T«».       j 'er of the Aiwirlan prnvlnce, so ttttm
the; berg.'the
h-Hftfct of tt*« glory, when'M played jio'the w«*i important city commercial-
11 Indued him to be of more than mid
j die height and some 30 years old,   llo;    "rtneanlereay, Hlr," continued  Pri-
I timl   ti   thick,  welt-grown   moustache, vute Itodd, "a mini gei med to 'em,
j *»iii |i was -evidently an object for \ You can't be In iimongst a thing like j finished, Home argue thnt the war
' which be entertained rojjiiril. Ile con- tlmt contlnnnl, lllie, without you get ] debt and taxation w»l benr so noivtly
, slnntly xtrok-ed It with » ijulck and j used to It. I any you can't experience upon the workers that they will !••
characteristic gesture of the hand—la thing regular without you get used Isubmerged In poverty for gehernt! lis
i flr»: the right hand, then the left—as j to It, Hut whore ymi do cop the 'orrnrn j to come, while others nre of the tptn-
.    ,    .       ,.*.,. ,   t,       „       .    .      ■.,*„„,    , ■ if to na*u«» himself of Its continued is when you're lying wounded and lm< that thc several government will
"'^;t«v»*henP«l«m 'wasattlie, .erg. the preaent capltil «f Oalicta. |»,    ,,, „„ lllt„riinc(S-wttll  (1mCkj„»,'t „,ovo." .(A dab at  lhe mou*- be compelled to lory heavy Income
inbtontn glmry, whe„ M played ne   he «     mj«l ej| ^«m     l,|w „,,,, ^^^     m ^ M „ \ ,   ..„,„. ,ound m m mhm ve\Uxen on tbe rich and put forth in-
Important pert In the aK* rs ot m*; J »nd Industrially.    Tlie «-lty, which, hgW| ^ menl\nn his apeeoh. -for waa lying on the stretcher-mo and nanal elforts to clean up th# Utbtte
rm**' Vreeo* not \U r«pltat    l» <*»*»  "^ recently fallen Into the hand, of, }||(5J ^|(h lwi| -WS||J|W, ^ ilffl|],BOlUwr Wo|kW m, -0> „„,,, ,   „ Ml „ »u ^li.t* iod««,r| irom IU JMr-
tlw nml -nt the |%tfs»li fio*emnt»tH en* ' t.b* Ittisslnna, has « poiwlatlon of VA.-
tnitnl«tnd ui Wursttw,   On ike tiilt<«, "'W.     It *tattd» on t!m Itiier IVltow
'vettttlon of Pdlsnsl. In  «1».*». A»i*lr».*, .tint is surrounded by liesiitiful bttls.
itl*ti-nt, I think  I -.i> I think It w-js alyied roniUtion, whlili will havo tlie
a accident,   Tlut tliey found ns out. I effect of keeping everybody employed !
Tht Natural Way to Health
than HeaMi t»r Fbrmg. A Mild ttemniyU alwtfi
nmpntiet I* ■ HasafiMM forte.
Ewe's "FinsM Sah" ptrreott and ttAbwen tyNolorol Mttmi
all timctiofia] oetangssns'als et the Liver, TewiporafT *CtAi
geslMNB nt'mm hem lino me ol alcoholic beam-
•yaa> * Emm to Him, BiAemeam. 5wh
Htmtetbe, me.   k acts acconling fo the
Omuebt tabeo, ekbar n* m rali*altn§
n§ettt ot nt m coohag and itltettAnt
btramtnn*. end gently slimwlalat 'wfcjoii
Miy *«t»l*>n».0 miie.t-atUa..
/trammr**! nmttt tn.
11 tm. Ul. ft* WT1**a.lm4m.
t^^^lm £^*iM   bm*mll t   Ornktlm  *
vs^ vmnm, mtmnm m„toeeem
.ii.t Uu. hrt.l aUo .'ititr.iwd h*u> li-..r-
hiB!  Inol   itermsnently.   It   may     be
•inpcdi   snd  tn-  butt  tttresdy   learned'nml then 1 did M frightened, So M
thut deaf niiii'H tvlck of I'l-pi'tUlou.    j the other UloUi,    Il«*d gal 'it ln the
When be nimble hand ii w!Mi me imdiheiiil, mnl they mild lie wim pnriil.Mii'.l
when the feeling of nnnibnc** which ] for life,* hut hi* nlwwtl off lhat stretch-
.,.n ,i<„   u,hii,    tsiat     u,«im**v*t     ti->«.i<   ji*u mtVV***  •> iu>f  »u*„*i  ttm n*lt\*
,..:!,'.,    ,  A.:,,-}"-  ..j,)}  i   ),„■     X..}i    .!',   i^.     ,v   ,',v.V.V.U.     J   fyUijlAi   Ji,-.,!!    JJ,J Ji*rA, ^   -. *     , ,.  .	
j«4*rl.'ii.i--i' oih-f-r M'iimiUi-m,   I   l*inunelw *Am' IM hnvx. iifU-4 \\ie nnm\   You.au»i» Ihelr furtner wcupetJon of *»•"
• etwm*lom of en Men tbnt the*** waa'see,. I'd hail * *nttm over me, b**1At 11 tee ttt nmn ibe m'seHes of other*.    '
Komethlng wrong with tho aoldler*ajthts punch In the leg and the «m.tek!
V'lnd,     There wn*, tn  fact,  nothlntloTt me arm,   Ami t wnn rtetif M sii.it f
' I and  forclnr  wngr-s upward.      These j
.views uve ull Kjicculttilvc. of cout'su,
| but they nt leant contain n tioiwful'
| tone and Indicate lhat the organised |
I *««.».*,««   «.,«•   ,,.,,    ,.*m.^   tv   mJiiii    .11
.Ml   I" '    .1'*' I I"      ,'.''l   ,'1|'l||-l.l    i) ."-..'I    ■    -'     '
Willi, Title Deeds, Mortgtget, Iniunuice Polldee
or other vtlutbles in one of these boxes
__ ' ** "
j      .... KWfWptWMKyOWtATIOM AfftTT©
K is. #>owior, mmnrngmr frnfr Branoh
, ****>*,*, tt,it* ... *i..*t*i4 e*+*t"-**'*t * •"
technically. It waa » full grown
hind and. therefore, from a genteel
' Mamlpoint. enormous, and It was rich-
1« itl«#tr*ted with diagrams nnd mono
crams in blue, the work of a pmfes-
•jinntl inlittrAat      Wot Mwf wbtefi wna
*uiost rt«m.irlni*|e about It and which j
■•■i-,ir., ,r ,t<M, nY'h t)i<«t f<**l!eif nt tin.'
x itt,T:tt-,',.i, nun ihe fad ihiit, it had
i .in Idle fftr five weeks Mil had t^en
: .uitnuoiijl)   wnnhed  and manicured
s ihn.ua-he.ut thnt pettoA,   * So that m*
• Vfiell tli* slswwt »*«Hn* pliew»«***«i
": -tf i ttor*tm fc«nwf wWell bet »ebfr>v#if
There 1* n eb;in« e tlmt tbe American j
na tiw Itormer*" pnlonl and the Unit- j
ed *Mln* Worker!* mny come to some
sort or agreement to establish a chain
of cooperative enterprise* In ewch dla- j
trlcu where ih.-> sre closely In touch.]
'Beeretory .1. Welter i^wig, of ihe f»f-j».'
era, haa wrlu-n to the United 'MineJ
wniilrl Tli#>r»> -wsm nn* Worlrert* .t<mr»n| tin tbt* pn*r*n*Ulnn-
dtmW ubtttil thut. Tliey would wnfllof dl»*'ii»«.1mi the matter la lhat pa^l
him back again no soon as his rttw I llentlen with the end In view of ob-i
mere mended. Al the present moment j Mining pmrtitut resnlta, mi tho JooM
t.Ht« or tno of ibtm were stilt working teal has feeanit? «mloried tht plan of j
im,** IMI Miey 4ldn't bwrt him tt{tiMaMaklng HMrttraMre warehonaeo J
tm* arme*rt»l how M»ev dMn*» burl ami alorea   snd   rhns eHmfMHln* toi
io He there. However, nothing n«ver
touched me. I waa always a la**kjr
The -*oundet noldler, making two
nulck itebs at bl* mouetacbe, grinned
Would he have io go back again?
IVrrili'v *i
II   THE     H n   S»Skt664
lAMtl MAIOH. Oiewsl Wsassis
Tberaaremany hundretJaol substantial aavint* accotinte
with tnm Home Banlt that went ftartetf yenre SffO wftK ft
iopomt of oni dollar.    Your dollar te alwhyt weleooie^
FoJl eompomMl inter «ai paid.
J. P. MACDONALD, Managot
kauiiaiuikAo aa   mmmm ■■
tnOTVmA AVIm *>t> ««-
nimit ».a
hlte jwrfMi .l«-«r«e   of   Wbiue   4mt|hlat.   ffe eeW 11 waa wowlsrful how
formjtffnii wbiei, i« ronforwd b* num J they *int hurt lilm.   fWap-dash wortt|tlt»a tnWdlomen
deirco the proflla of «apro4oo-j
<   I
,*«*   ■tri,;-
~) *\-',*'S-&
This Nation Should Be
H a wi owns a farm' and five or
fifty horses, he knows that the important thing is to keep those horses
As late ip. the fall as possible he
plows and harrows. And as early as
possible im the spring he is plowing
and harrowing again.
In the winter time he-hauls in cord-
wood, hawls out manure, brings -n
cornstalks from- the distant fields. He
knows the horses must eat. He kuows
that it Is had -business if they do not
'The successful farmer, respected by
his neighbors and by himself, is lie
who keeps -horses, men and everything
else working and producing.
IT-n-cto -Sam is a farmer. Human
beings -are his horses and workers.
And Uncle -Sam and those that represent him should be ashamed when
• the (Workers are i^le.
Thoy must all eat; they should all
There is plenty of work for them io
do. The -eoumtry needs roads. The
swamps need to be drained.
Desert places need to be irrigated.
Canals are needed—thousands of miles
of them. 'And we have standing idle
the machinery just used- at Panama.
It is a calamity to families unanmn-
bered and a disgrace to this country
when hundreds.of thousands of men
are Idle.
•The government ought ito own the
railroads and in idle times -build new
. The government of this intelligent
country could at least do what Is done
by little New Zealaiw.
In New Zealand, 'When contracts are
to be let for railroad building and
other government work, the contracts
are divided.
Old men wfho cannot do as much
work as the younger men are allowed
to gather in groups, undertake a certain amount of digging' or whatever it
, may ibe, and do what they can do, and
get paid for what they do.
In this country only the youngest
and strongest -can get work—and the
, older -men hover about unemployed,
miserable and sad, or go to -tliq barber's shop and get their hair dyed so
that they may not look old, ^Why not
let them all work?
The farmer works all his horses, old
and young, when 'they are able to
work. Jf he has a good heart, he
gives horses too old for work a goon
\\e ought to work all our able men,
old and young. And we ought to give
those too old to work and who have
rendered faithful service, a pension in
place of the good old horse's pasture.
In New Zealand
ln New Zealand, at a time when the
crops need to be moved, the government stops public work that those engaged in public work may be driven
to the work of the .crops.
And when there"hre men idle in one
place and men needed in another, the
idle go to the place where work is
needed on the government railroad.
If they get employment they pay for
their transportation with part of the
money earned. And if thoy can not
get employment the government rail
road'brings them back, and it doesn't
cost, them anything.
"Paternalism," do you say? "Comin on-sense," we say.
-The trouble with our kind of gov-|
eminent is that it has been managed
iby gentlemen chiefly devoted to getting office, and living up to certain
foolish fetiches of the past.
They have been very fond of saying
"We must not pauperize the people."
It Isn't pauperizing a man to give
him a chance to work for his living.
iThese politicians have been very ingenious iu discovering ways,of taxing
tlie people. And when times are hard
and business is bad, they invent new
'They might just as well use some
of that wonderful brain power in finding work for the people to do. And
they could find lt.
Plenty of Work to Do
Hunk of the things that this coun-
try needs that the idle men could do.
We need a waterway from the city
of Chicago to the Gulf of Mexico able
to carry the biggest ships.
That would give -work to hundreds
of thousands cf men, to all of our machinery from Panama and to lots cf
other machinery. And it would pay
for itself and the government could afford it.
Take the neglected and badly managed State of New Jersey as an example.
It needs a canal as much as a little
schoolboy needs shoes. But it can't
get it, because those in office are
usually running for some other office
ahead of time, or doing their best to
get something for themselves out of
the offices that they fill.
/There ought to be a canal running
from the inside of Sandy Hook all the
way down to iliarnegat Bay. Every
man who lives in New Jersey knows
that. The natural water courses already , existing could be used. The
rest could be dug out.
It. would not take long, would not
cost much, it would give employment
to thousands, it would pay for itself a
thousand times.
That canal 'would permanently benefit the State of New Jersey and the
State of New York, and permanently
add to the nation's wealth.
Water freight could be taken from
all the farms In New Jersey to New
York City, without going on the rough
ocean. People would come and go in
their small hoats. 'Boat building,
farming would be promoted, food
would be made cheaper for the millions of New York City, prosperity
greater for the New Jersey farmers.
But there is no brain to dig   that
little canal and tens of thousands of
men sit Idle, machinery is rusting,
Government Railways
We need government ownership of
railroads—more railroads, better man-,
aged, lowest prices, 'better pay for
If yo ask, "How could the government pay more .and charge lower
prices?" your answer Is very simple:
One single railroad—the Now York
Central—is paying an average of 6
per cen-t on at least $300,000,000.
Six per cent of $300,000,000 is $18,-
iThe government could borrow that
money at 3 per cent, and save $9,000,-
All of the railroads shed tears re-
Germans, Some of the clever tricks
practiced by these pa'rties is told in
the special war issue of tbe Scientific
American in a genuine letter from the
firing line, written by an aide de camp
of the French army, who tells the
following incidents:
• It has just ibeen discovered .that the
spies who kept the army of the famous General von Kluck informed
were using a very old way of proceeding, very romantic indeed, that
of the gypsies, -the vagabonds, and the
tramps, who, as a means of corresponding with each other draw varied
figures on the walls of the farms and
houses along the road. One thinks
he is looking at artless drawings of
a child, while these awkward linei
have a precise significance, and the
smallest detail is full of meaning.
.Moreover, the German spies have lately cc;i!cd a burglar's trick, an-J th'.s
is how: On .the walls are seen some
simple drawings, which do not attract
attention, and before which no one
one would stop. The design, for instance, represents a cow, the face is
artlessly drawn, however, easily dis-"
cernible. Sometimes thp cows are of
small dimensions, or medium, or very
big. Some are looking one way, some
another. Certain of them nave tne
head raised toward the sky. .These
cows were drawn by the scouts. A
small cow meant that the road was
poorly guarded; * a bigger one that
there were French troops in the neighborhood; and a still larger cow that
a fort or some important work of defense was to be found nearby. To
render the information more precise,
the orientation of the cow's head gave
indications as to the dangerous spots
to be avoided, or to be watched. As
One of the surprising features of for the cows looking toward the sky,
the 'war is the elaborte and exten- their meaning was that before ad-
sive spy system that has been ills- vancing any farther it was necessary
closed, particularly on the part of the to explore the surrounding coutry.
cently because, under a decision of arbitrators, the wages of Eastern railroad workers were raised a total
amount of $6,000,000 a year.
•The railroads said tbey couldn't live
if all together in the East they paid
$6,000,000 more for wages.
But the government of the United
States-cpuld save the $6,000,000 on one
single interest tliarge on one single
railroad. 'And it would have $3,000,000
left over to reduce rates or increase
the wages still further.
We need government ownership of
railroads, of ships, of telegraphs and
We need to have this big government and the intelligence of the people do for all the people what the
railroad managers and the little men
have proved that tbey can do.
They can't manage the -business, to
begin with.
They can't keep from stealing, in
the second place.
They.wouldn't keep from stealing if
they could.
The New York, New Haven & Hartford, run and looted by thieves; the
Chicago & Rock Island, managed and
looted by thieves; a half dozen other
railroads of the same kind, a lot of
them bankrupt anil others soon to be
bankrupt—all prove that this country
should run the things that have grown
too big for the little private owners.
• A country should do for its citizens
what the intelligent farmer does for
his horses—find for them work, useful, necessary and steady.—-Arthur
Brisbane in New York Evening Journal.
Who is Your
The Alberta Federation
qf Labor
One  Night Only 4  P iL
F.   Stuart   Whyte's   All - Star
English   Musical   Comedy   Company
Presenting a Fascinating Fantasy of the
Flowery Kingdom, Entitled
Executive Committee's  Report
To the Officers and Members of Local
Dear Sir and Brothers—The following is a copy of the Executive report,
dealing with the unemployed conference. We trust you will give this
24 - Sura Firs Song Kits • 24
A   complete   scenic  production
and beautiful costumes
Prices: 25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00
On sale at box office
n"ffl'tter~"youT   earnest
and co-operate with the Executive Officers of the Federation in your District.
The representatives of the Executive Committee of the Alberta Federation of Labor who met tbe representatives of the Dominion and Provincial flovernments anil the various
civic administrations In tbe City Hall,
Calgary, November fith last , are desirous of bringing to the attention of
their affiliated membership some of
the Important points und facta brought
out there which have a direct bearing
on the main subject of the meeting,
viz., the present grave condition of
unemployment and what measures of
relief are possible. This 1a nil the
more necessary because of the tendency of the public press to belittle
and overlook tho most salient features
of this meeting, and to convey the
Impression that nothing whatever ban
been accomplished.
lu endeavoring to elicit loustHiu-
tion for this almost overwhelming
problem, th* first, isreat obstacle en-
countered wan that of wbo wnn reppon-
slble, and who should first move In
the matter. That In, the civic heads
threw all responsibility ou the Provincial Government, and the latter
were inclined to view that the Dominion Government should take the initiative In dealing with this problem.
The second obstacle was that of the
queatlon of finance, It being aaaerted
that though they fully appreciated and
sympathised with our effort* to have
AOlll-UllllllU   tiOll-M   lllll I      tllltir     litlHtlCe
would not permit of, It as they were
!n much thc same position ax private
employers and capitalisti. and that
the .war situation forced them to cut
ilown rather ihan to extern! their ic
tlvlte* In the employment of labor.
Heeldna to overcome thnnc twd main
obstacle* to public action, we flrat
»ougttt and obtained the consent nl
tbe varloua governing bodlwi to mw!
ni In conference, no that the reapom
| alhlllty for action could bc pistil, if
nol on one, then perhaps on all throo
of theae governing bod**-*    Tht* **'•
f onto nbln to do,    Then we mere con-- f
j fronted  with  tfce   aec-oail  -great ob- \
nincle to our adtanc-c, via., how could
| prospective public work* be financed?
fn the early atagoa »f tbe minting
meeting which will be furnished from
the office of the secretary of the Federation at Edmonton.
Besides indorsing .several more or
less concrete proposals for the opening up of public -works we were able
to secure the endorsatlon of the' representatives there gathered to the
tKiiirstTt5ff"oI"tTie_tradera'nd labor um
ions for the distribution of public
funds to members ln straitened circumstances   and   would   recommend
O you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
\ ii.1 ■ • .v*-*^w|
<:, *\* ■ .•-'{•■Si
'■ ■•&.:■•*'
. :¥}&■■
' JiiK
- ' *« Tc
o o
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
Phone 48a    :-:    Fernie, B.C.
that where necessary the unions themselves push this idea strongly, as the
Imperial Government of Britain has
already set a precedent in this regard.
Agrees With the Action of Your
As a result of our conference the
City Councils of Calgary and Edmonton have appointed a committee to
deal with the unemployed situation,
and the point brought out at our meeting bearing on tho raising of finance
will undoubtedly have nh' effect on
the City Council's action.
The following is a copy of a report
of the action of the City Council of
"Attached find a' copy of report by
Aldorman Kinnep and Deputy Mayor
Smith In connection with thc Alberta
Federation of Labor** convention nt
"This report waa adopted at last
night's meeting of tlio Council, ami
the recommendations Instructed to bo
carried out, and any action neceaaary
by tha committee to be taken by the
Safoty and Health Committee.
"I have today communicated to >A,o
lion. < . IJ. Mitchell, Provincial T«a-
eurer, ill* text of the report.
"Yours falthfulty. Chits,  Cox,
Another matter of flrat important*
n» affecting unemployment in Alberta,
fnr'v'Mr'i «•« wr" able in ^""lr*' «V)n
al tcr.itiori waa that of tho Imuurrrthm
of foreign coal*, It being th-Wn tiff
the I'ralrle PrsvJncea importM almost
.ia .much coal aa waa produced hete,
tind if (lit Ventilation of thia fact •<•
cures th!* market for the pridueti ot
tlm Alberta miner*, tbls In lt*elf will
have Justified the holding of thia tiwet-
In*. A statement of coal Importation
Im* been prepared for publication.
All of which In rcftpftrtftilly aub
ALKX. R088, President,
A   PAH.Ut!/>, See -Tr,*%u
It **tft in it mall Houiliw*»t*ni
town that tbe Town Council, which
*■•»» infer U lMM««mlng iinitntt tieVntit*,
(ii-m-d this notice to nppeitr In tbe
Destruction qf Profit
> and Interest
By II. J. P. Eneraark
should be at liberty to use their own
Judgment, but they have uot that liberty as long as aome one can detract
f-orn them part of their earnings by ,i
certain method of prof't or game of
iii-crcst,  legitimate  or illogltlmat".
In other words, m-sM'y cannot -?row,
no matli'i' in ho.v k.ioiJ soil you »;ian;.
il. .Money doos :!o„ j.'fodiice wealth.
If yoi- think ao.phtii some in a houso
lot ami see If it will grow a houtse..
I'-nVi-r Is the onv factor which, to.
nether with natural resource* and inventions, can produce wealth.
Tint true purpose of mouoy In only
to be a medium of exchange, and not
a medium of exploitation. Tho profit
Mini intercut tsikim? nyiitem under
which w*> live iw« imturally given
money n fntiw interpretation, and th!«
Inner unintended poultlon In aodoty.
Men<>y lias become. ,» god ajid m«n
hive gone money mad, gomo out of
ho^ijijili ltiitlnt t, but ut least 90 por
cent because of tlie fear af starvation.
When thc profit ami Intewat taking
•M-offm   ft.;*ui.;   i]'.i|i,*i*   «..--!'|   Ivo^ome   \\
mmltum of exHint.se just as natural
.is it now !« ;i mHttwi of «xp!ottatlon
Col. John Jacob Astor, who perished in tho Titanic, created through
his will a trust fund of ?3,000,(H)0 to
bo set aside -for his son, baby John
Jacob Astor VI, It Is estimated that
this fund will nmount to nearly J10,-
000,000 by tho time Uie boy attains
his majority because of Judicious Investments.
What does this mean? lt moans
that $7,000,000 is deliberately taken
from tho pay envelopes of the working
class. If this wus only *-17,000,000.
that the working class hud to pay in
tribute to tlw kimrR and prince* of
Mammon it would not niat'-T <*o
much. Itut tli-sri) are thoiitiiitxl* of
them who collect their dividends from
us In a larg«rv or smaller ..degree
through condition** forced upon tm In
order tlmt we mny e-^i«t.
Our tribute* to the idle elaan of mo
cloty In tbe United Stftfes amounts
to several hundred thousand millions
of dollar* each year. Theae hundred thousand million* of dollar/, do
not luclutie the important salaries of
msuiii-sera anu tio»»e*, nor do they ln-|
elude the exorbitant ami unfoaaonablo j
Mimic  uf  iiimetu...i.u)   eorporatmn j Hoon the «>atem of profit and ltttw»t
°MM*l-* j win <cii»e hecaiw of ita fundamental
Vo! They ale taken without the -, |.ri>ici|i|>* of tnlm'tie*. The *thlc« ot
Kiving of any value whatever In r-i'-jprofit ;u»d iiiitrewt will crumble be-
turn. That some of these millions are i fare the wind* nf Jiutlce like a houne
dividend* received from watered stock i imlit upon sand    In ftiet, tt la dlmthiK
it* own ntnves -Nothing can prevent
I' from destroying'itneif The de-
atructiou of the Kvjtimi of profit and
:.:itt fe.*: I* iMi'Vitubie. ••» it* .uip.-rier.
ftoilaltt-m. 1» Inevitable,
Tlie tribute of profit and int»re»t
■<> *«)»'. itfciio <o lite lew trow* like a
roltii>*! M!»»-t;>.»St The hufwJr*iHl« of
ml'lloii* of tiivl'-b-nd* extracted from
Hie pe«i;»f*e i-n-rv yr*nr ,ire a>Me*t hi
U'v jniml,ii.i. Koreimii market* have
been e\plolt.*i| .,hiii.mi. lu the Umil j.ii'1
and oiher* from actual Inveatod c«*h <
d ?en not ehlliae the injustice om- imi- ;
tide. It la money obtain wl by le«.»i j
robbery, no matter how yon twist or;
Ihra It.
The nyatem of intermit I* *rmi«,   li j
»(«*  tttr.ejiM<.t;4   Uf   illl'   llllttUMH,* Ui   till'
jOti! T-ratamcnt, a'^oUu.U ti.-i4.-4 .m*
enlatrnce in the KlPKdom of Jemm
Chrint. And tfod.itiim »f»v» t<i*t« de-re
will be no room far it in tin* tV.*;,"!-*
five Commonwealth    Th.it the iij-Htem
i tbe tmllnu ol the Federation ropreaea-*- iotml tu»w*i*»|ier *Hen a Ua on dog* of Inter**! taking ts a noejal crlm« (• | «h« time 1* near h!h n the ayatcm of
lUtlvt** -wi* rtitt*i**n**1*n**' nt ttt* TVm-1
iMilnlon flovernment <wb>H Had *ent to'
*t,i ' ■>■».•
other fellow nom of the wealth ahli It
he li»* earned?. Any permn* of more
«r ie** ability m earn   or   to   nave
tr** XttntirtittttX
'Ta* on *nt'b tine—tent*   we
the meetlB* n man repr#*a#ntln*f mew**--Mar; tie* verna, three dollar*" t    tf <m, »„.r,r,n )n, ,4K,n, u[l,\*.\i <•,,,,
jth« Department of l*ataor, who watf .,..,-„_..„...... „„,....«. ,, j smother t»emn and lie omihi*** mnr*-
,oji!> m rujiort m*i nko oad no rm-t   A radical *»»• "l** t?otomdo aitua-j wealth, or autre* more money. I* that
| prenentative power* ti> deal with the tion offered Woodrow Wilton « eHane« junv rea*on why lie should b*> M** to
'■ qm**t''*m n* * ttonr*rere*ei   r+rrr*e*-rt. * ronlrt* r*wl -sr't-v tht* X'.-j-.ti ■-.*.*. ;,,.,,*  ••   ■       •■> •    ■        _    •_     ^^      .,.,„.   *,„.,.
native.    At ttifi Itaie, however. Sena-!Hut the people \VI!*on wattta to make
nr I,otifheed appeared for the Domfn-1 yoofl with are iU p-ople who ladle
; ton Government and pointed out to the 'out the cam-piSsis 4u»ii fund.
meeting that fMle hit noversmeat
i did not propote to do anything them-
|ie|res. Ihey had net been unmindful
'.'   l'v,-   Ax,:,:'.*,-.'.,  .kail   Ua«1   ,».«i«.--i-4   .*
I "financial war Bumnw" which plac^l
>ik« »«<-rt>t* tn irt.B.nn Ittinl* «»  me rt**-
iPOMl of ettit and Pwivlnetal flawra-.!
; mrntti ma that they routd d#*l with 1b*
fnnempfoyed problem a* It prcnented
\-emlt In the dffr*rent tocalltte*.
(   Tha eltmtmUy di»iK»*** of the nt-
,»,UlUWi.L iSv^ti CU.i  mlmi I'ii***M,m* *.»*•
jemaaent* hare no bettor memo ot
jialaliiff flffanice* than privet* ewrr»<»tn-
ItSoai     The d#tai!# of all tfclt tm*
tallied in n rertMitlm report of the
j-."-*.* *j«»i int«r<.#t «uioai be eatit-si!-
■     ■       •    *       *  .*     • ....    V*,tt*.tlf**i  hi'***:*
'*!'•,■<*! .-),-; i.it+trt n,i wi**i tbe nutitl.
Tht* f'%A '* frvn,-"*'-ii.a', i.**'*J t**'<■*,.'
tlaeinn e!**t ttt th<« tiitman  rsee    ,«
•trlveti   r!o»i r  ;rtiit   rl«*t*r  ftniMnl   t|»,.
■4,     ri,9, *l9.^*SU,
Ii doe** net  tf^nirr any  »jn»>hjm,**I<i»*
la ne*.  tbaf before the' line of *wr-
i,*!!■**   » rcaehe*^ t!i»*r«- will be .t pre-
i* *t '»> ti,t* use of ati ft lien,-, t *vo !•»•
,»ti  mt'iiin; "HallM   or   Italtwt."     To
»Vftbf   'ht*  Hill mit*    r*f   1   b*r*t*if\    *, •** •
',*'H.*o tt* Hoelettnt put::-- ot *k* -vorhl.
;-;   :l-t- meiliM nt
t the haito* tn o-'*.i**r that tiie pit*
i* .ij  sei ettnttoi ot ih* refiw   *f
'•h.i*.*Fi.;.  U»  ot-itrt   t»ai   $si.» m*t>
y-.m  mtt* en1*  nsf ♦a;**|if»,*rf*  *hj
t*i*t}rm tf--f  if-n-it*-*. tt-p;.,**** ,**
i a As :Aly,n 4ii4 **»   it» prwda-et* of «•»-
-ixi «'?:
Wba tt, tbere »• ir* tht*   * ojnter*
*i«i! i»at  *m im* j»1b a* In im?
«ort*** V V. fell
i .on** i&*&if£$&-'8fri-.
'■'--''■-M^^gJg^'^^-? -."T'F'l^ggg'S^
Published every Thursday evening at ite, office,
Pellatt AVenue. Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the. District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
Apostle of East Aurora, was uot the ouly mdthod
adopted for the accomplishment of their plans. The
candidate for governor on the Republican ticket
was nlso to he defeated, because, he did not fall in
with the views of th ecoal barons.
For a more detailed description of the report, of
the investigation we respectfully refer our readers
to the articles tlmt have appeared in the daily press.
The whole matter is interesting reading and throws
several sidelights wliich prove that for "ways that
are queer and tricks that are dark" Mark Twain's
Heathen Chinee was a gentleman of refinement and
The coal strike in Colorado is ended. The history of this struggle is another chapter in the story
nf industrial warfare in the West.
Clashes between the state atitlitiritie-b. the corporation's imported gunmen and the oppressed iiiine-
worUers have been by no means Itioudb^s. One ii\-
cident. the Massa.-re nf liiiiiu-eiits. when innocent
women and children were slaughtered ruthlessly in
lhe tent colony of Ludlow, plainly shows that the
cohorts of Capitalism are utterly devoid of liiiiiiiini-
larianisni when profits are jeopardized.
KocheJVllcr. dr.. has played the star role in this
lon« drawn ou* tragedy, ai-tnated. according lo his
own .statement., by a firm di'tcHiiination to uphold
lhe principle of freedom, which "Freedom" really
meant, that he should purchase the commodity—
labor power—under such conditions as lie thouarht
Like the Keinlal lords of France, prior to 17.IS.
the lower classes only existed conditional upon their
willingness to conform to his coiulilinns. uiul their
uli.jce.tion thereto constituted, in his opinion, an encroachment'upon the liberties of the citizen—he, of
ciiirse. being TITE CITIZEN.
Me it distinctly understood it i.s not against
Rockefeller as an individual that we inveigh, but
against ;t regime tihat enables such as he to hold the
destiny ni Lions .. ds in the hollow of his hand. Ile-
licving in the Divine Righl of the Dollar as t'erveiu-
1\ as does the. Kaiser ,in the Divine Right of King*.,
this specimen of the insane system under which we
are living carefully considered his plan of action
and followed it out as consistently as circtinwtaiices
would permit. 	
Labor's Attitude
Kverywhere we hear today the cry 'Down with
militarism!" Those yelling it don't mean "Down
with ALL Militarism'." but only that ol' their adversary's militarism, because if they realize that
Capitalism so clearly enuneiiuted the Koekefeller ilk
musi likewise be. eliminated.
The Kaiser of Germany is credited with being the
incarnation of militarism, but as his prototype in
the higher rank of Capitalism Rockefeller clearly
out-classes .him.. To continue this illustration, may
stale that Kaiserism as exemplified by William of
JloheiiJirtlleni, is aptly described as the Maih-fd Fist,
whereas the I'ohonlieos patrician is the Steel Grip in
Relief is very much in the limelight these days.
AVe have Patriotic Funds, contributions for the unfortunate Belgians, aid for lhe distressed unemployed, all of which are entitled to careful consideration.
We have still another relief to bring to the notice
of our readers, and that is the necessity of doing
something for the benefit of a number of unfortn-
nare, children of scliool age who are deprived of the
-.pportiuiity to acquire an education because of ihe
a pa I liy of tlie Ethical ional Department at Vh'toria.
During the past summer a school census was taken by a well-known citizen, nnd as a result of his in—
\i--\'.'_'•'• ion it \v:is ascertained that far niore than
the tpiola reipiired for the establishment of a rural
.school was living in the locality west of Fernie
known as Cokato. Subsequently a special officer
o!' the Moan! of Education arrived in Fernie, and his
investigation clearly corroborated the facts elicited
by the census enumerator referred to. that a scliool
was sorely needed at Cokato for the purpose of
furnishing the children living in that community
with an education.
We touched upon the subject several months ago,
bul up to the present time know of no action having
been taken looking to a remedy of this deficiency.
According to information published in the Nelson
News, the member for this riding, tlie lion. W. 11.
li'i-s. M.-i-iiiiii'iii.ieil by lhe Don. Dowser, will shortly
pay a A\Au to Fernie. "When ihey do. lhe facts
-'■-.nil,I In- pri'M'iiled by the citizens of Cokato to
iliese two worthier wilh an earnest request that Dr.
II. Esson Young. Minister of Education, be called
upon to lose no further time in supplying the defi-
To the parents of the children living at Cokato
we strongly urge that they make a strongly worded
presentation of their ease, because under existing
conditions it is out of the question for the little
ones to walk into Fernie for the purpose of attending the City School.
Labor is opposed to war because
war is opposed to the interests ot
labor and to the interests of the
world's civilization. Labor fights in
all wars. Labor suffers and perishes
in all wars. Labor never profits from
•war. Laibor never profits from militarism. Labor's interests is the interest of the common people of all na-
'tions, who for centuries have been the
poor, betrayed psiwns of the rulers
and the ruling classes. When tho
power of labor is sufficiently established wars will cease, because there
will be no more soldiers to fight in
It is to the interest of la.bor--and,
again, to the interest of civilization—
that the .working men of all nations
shall recognize one another as brothers, and shall peaceably join in the
common task of advancing the wel-i
fare of all working people everywhere, j
There are no frontier? in the labor
When the present war in Europe is
over n largo percentage of the workingmen of (lermany, who have been
lighting the workingmen of France,
will hate the French, and the French
will hate theuii. It will take years to
end such hatreds, and during those
years the disunited labor movement in
these two countries, as in other countries of Kurope, will be more than
cut nt the mercy of the forces mak-
Ing 'against labor's interests, against
democracy, against the rule of the
people, against the advancement of!
civilization. Wars, despite their cost.j
are capital's best friends, for labor!
im\.s for tliem hi"the end, and labor is
most weakened by, them.
In the United States, where working
men of many nations make up the la-
••or unions, friction is almost certain
lo   arise ibetween    -uie    nationalities I
commendable when ordered by capitalists. When they order it, it is sen-
*:"'h\ ; :"ict:cal. ethical and thoroughly
correct. But let the workers in a factory attempt to put in practice any
scheme for curtailing production, and
the moral indignation of the employers knows no -bounds. Such a procedure is never justifiable.
When the factory operative gets
next year's half crop of cotton, he will
not dare to curtail the surplus he produces by slackening production of
cloth iu the mill. If the bankers cut
doivn the cotton crop to one-tenth ot
what it is, the spinner would still have
to work at top speed. He must produce a surplus product, no matter
what the material he works in may be.
If he gets it into his head that by producing less, he lielps to give other
workers employment, he will soon be
disabused, not of the notion, perhaps,
but of his power to put it through.
And the reason for the morality of
this action of reducing the surplus by
curtailing production on the .part of
the capitalist, and its immorality on
the part of the worker, lies in the difference between 'wages and profit, and
in nothing else.- To curtail production
■with the view of enhancing profit, coincides with all sound morality; to
do so with the object of promoting
'wages is always reprehensible. • The
ethics In each case Is decided solely
by the mode of production.—The .New
York Ca.ll.
privilege of every man to work," etc.,
means nothing more than the privilege
cf a crowd denied' their natural rights,
to scramble for whatever jobs may be
left open for a few of their number.
Every attempt in Colorado to take any
step towards opening to all labor the
unused natural resources at the State
has failed to get anything .but bitter
opposition from the interests represented by the coal mine managers'
committee,—Samuel Danziger, In The
■The boss takes less interest in your
soul than in your skin, because your
skin is where the interest comes from.
You will find relief in Zam-Buk!
It eases the burning, stinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
ease. Perseverance, with Zam-
Buk, means cure; Why not prove,
this? ^Dnyoig™*!*'™*-
^O^ '^■Simmmir^X 30iR^^
In a circular sent out by a committee of Colorado's coal mine managers
appears the following statement oi the
issue involved:
••Shall  we preserve Jaw ami order,
SPECIAL-Saturday Matinee & Evening
Ford Sterling In
Love and Lunch
3 Reel Comedy.—-There Is a fresh and vigorous comedy-plot, aa abundance of laughable business, swift action anil a riot at the wlndup ■
that leaves one doubled up with amusement.
The Great Canadian Historical Film
which have been rendered enemies by  and   slwt11   ?'°   nl!1»>tain   the  constltu*
the Silken Glove
•robnltly will) a reali/.nlion that
tin* old maxim about tlie pen liehij? mightier thnn
thn sword win an anaehroiiiiHiii. this scion of Stan-
• liiril Oil improved upon it. and his motto lieeaiiii'
"The pen and the sword make a force that is prae-
lieiilly invulnerable," m wc learn, as a result of iv-
*MMit uivwtiRiitioiiK. that the Koyeroft drnhst reciter
Klbert "Fra" Tlubbnrd did yoonmn service in
whitewashing (shad'* of Kir Boyle Hoche forjrive
ns!) with liis facile piui. or perhaps il was accoui-
the crimes of Europe's ruling classes.
Here, as abroad, there will be a perceptible setback, felt for many years,
in the Ideals of brotherhood.
Kor such reasons as these, by the
very charter principles, labor ls the
strongest -single force now making for
peace.     In tills country it opposes Increases in the army or navy, and if
war ever again threatens    wiil    use
every influence in its power co prevent
it.    It realizes the value to humanity
! of tlie  magnificent  idealism of such
linen as .jjayld_Siarr_JtirdaiL—and—it
I stands ready,   with  all   its   strength,
  I with all its devotion, with all Its pas-
, ,.,, , ,1   "      •     > • -i i slo'i for universal brotherhood, to help
n one id Uie cxelinngcK recently received is an il-t, ,.       ,.,,,,,, ,„,«,
" ,  , " to curry those Meal* into tinal fulfil-
lustration which shows tnoiv vividly than words cnn i nicnt
paint the irony and inconsistency of war.      Two;    if labor unites to mie the power al-
stalwart Prussian soldiers are shown seated outside! ready  in  its hands thero will never
n I5t'l<riaii eoMajre; between the legs of one and rest-!
injr in tlie hollow of bis left arm is liis inurder-deal-
in<r weapon, the butt of which touches the lops of a
little Belpinn shaver of abont four summers, whose
smiling: counti'iintiee is conclusive proof that he lias
no fear of the ''jnvnt hip soldier."     Seated nearby
\< another brawny Teuton on whose lap is a curly-
headed youngster to whom he is proferrinp n por-
lion uf his daily rations, au occupation that doubt-
Jess he has indul}»ed in scores of times with his own
fbixeii-haired progeny bnelc in Oermauy.
Here we have two full grown men who. in all j tion.     If It hiul not occurred there
jtrohahilily are fathers of families, and under nor-! would not be enough cotton,
nml ''omljtions lovers of peace, aud yet they have'   Thl» '* ,!ue t0 th" fact "hal co"on
tional privilege of every man to work
where, for whom and upon such terms
us he sees fit?"
In comment on this a prominent educator and economic expert has written
as follows:
"I wonder if the I. W. W. or the
Western Federation of Miners have
published anything more drastic in the
direction of securing supremacy of the
employe over his job and his employer than this! Of course, I understand
■that the talent employed by the coai
mine managers to draw up this cl'rcu-
■ again be a general conflict In Kurope,
and no m-eii or net of men will ever
again be able to condemn millions of
their fellow-beings to ihe awful suffering and degradation of war.--U.nlon
Shop l-Mition of the San Francisco Hill-
-There In -too much cotton In-'this
country, even if Us population io
short of clothing. The war has
brought about thin unexpected condi
tio \v invaded Helginiii.   probably    destroyed    the
| Is grown primarily for sale and only
I secondarily for iibc.     The existence
homes of the innocent waifs thoy are now fowling. |0f war ,,, Buro|M» j,H„ <.„niiiM tlu*
Hitch incidents as those plainly contradict -the oft- j iiwislUilit.v or selling -nil tlie cotton
pli-shod bv a magic wand, yelept, a golf stick, asl ropeated assertions that man is naturally bad; «»u;»!•"» *'-'•»> *^< produced,
we rend ho played suoh « splendid game with Mr.! lhe <-ontrnry. wo oonteml that the individual ^^h^^r^^T^\iZ^
Itoelwfollor that. Iip wvivod $200. tint funny to n»-! ••»»» compassion, especially toward holplogs little !,„„ f'rtt,t.rn|t> lu th* cotton districts,
lato. shortly theroafter 1000 copies of his publica-; '"»«'* i* » rarity, and it is only when under the hyp-: m«t the oth»r ilny in Atlanta, ntxA
lion were, distributed containing an article fav.ir- i notic influence of a psoitdo patriotism fostered by, pledged themselves lo extend no fluau-
.-tltlo to the operators* side of the eoutrovoray! those who uso him as a pawn for thoir ncfarloun pur- *',wl aW ,0 a"»' -fottoB'-nroww who n«*t
Of couroo, if thin "reclame" »peoialist woro accu*; l>"*«'« that the ordinary man (loon not abhor slaying.', ^r J°Sf" wOU^^^S
od of suoh pntHfoKRlnR praotiooa Ita would oxprew; nmiming hi» fellow* and deiolfttinff tho homoa of tha ,awJ ,n f00d'^^ Ai ^ p^ n^ ^
bis indigtiation in most ratist ie language. Innocent. ; tlm cot tou aro*er»   ete   d*|H>ndeiu
Thi* "'Philistine" vnmpiiv is reported to havo I     However, talk as wo may, sympathy for tho die- "mm «!••" iwnks, or«« mwcJwnl* who
ndvaneed nn u reason whv be should be given the' 1h*w,m1 will not sweep away war's horrors, il is only fu™m lhe™ «•«•"•«',n •««•■«. «»*
.    .      , , ,     ,      ,, ,   -,,     .... , . .    . , ...      ..     ♦"In un* aUo itKp-MidHii -upon    the
'"'' "'<••  ><" h«'l writt™ «P tl W* "Powtar.'   ' ''.'»   he «'<.ot of tl,, ,v,| ,« *..«>.! f..r  nM!WM,ll.v  ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ wl|J ^
^ido of tho troublo and thoy iMtughl tt million fopioa.   md thoroughly understood, tliat tho law, " ntmi: dmb, ,„, „((,*«»,.,
Prtwktettt *J. P. Welborn oalmly stato* that the »''*tlt not kill" will become a living guide and not .ts    if mtfon wer* grown pfit»4rHy tor
an ide writton for tha botiefit of the *• oni operator* »♦ i« mday. a dead lt»ttor. provided tho killer b dress- i»««a|ite to dothc ihemittm, tlw atoove
tu,* a fnir-mindod luosoi.talion! j «*l in a uniform and alaying other men dre«*od io a *m,w jM" u,e *rlto» * MW*  *» «
v.i*,i our rnmiiMi |Mim.iii«u<iii, , *,, l«. with the prew-nt objwt of i»roduc-
Tho '-mployoiont of siieh servile nmestrver* as the uniform or a iiirrerent paliern. Jn v|#w wh(,w ,hl, ^^ ^ th<J Art{e|«
r   - ' ■  ' "r   '" "   ■ ■        """ri1 • "'• Ml   tor profit -Is thf first romtdmratton, It
ANN ClHCKKSa   mn \    MITHOOUT CHURCH. rtrtHM     1» «»»o only thins tbat can m Aann.
ll m iii, "Cittuns t*****11** **•* wrplns   by   not prednr-
Irtf It.
Tarr3ra~iT-ot say w1iiit_they_nieaht, biit
is simply a piece of verbal bungling.
In attempting to create a favorable Impression he so far overshot the mark
mark as to be supremely ridiculous,
1; is only tin illustration to my mind
of ihe Incompetence which is frequently characteristic, of thOBe accusiomcu
to think extremely well of themselves
und to wield much power, I doubt
very much if even the I. WYW. would
assert that the terms of labor should
tic entirely a matter of dictation on the
part of the employe. I believe even
they would be willing to admit that
the prospective employe should be
subject somewhat to the law of supply and demand! It pains one of a
judicial temperament to see such a
careless thing coming from the pillar*
of society and constitutional ltber;y.
Perhaps they are equally muddled In
some of tlieir other 'fundamental
Ideas,1 nnd perhaps security of constitutional Institutions does not after nil
rest exclusively in their hands."
Of course, the coal mine managers'
coinuiltttc doi'H not nii'iiu what It **iys.
To Us  members the "constitutional
will rr °r *he c°nciuest
If UUL,       of Quebec
in o Heels.—A true Historical Reproduction of the Battle    on    the
Plains of Abraham.
Once again the daring souls of Wolfe and Montcalm are embodied
on the field ot Dattle. Once again the fight rages about che gentle
and beautiful Falls of Montmorenci. The scaling of the heights to the
plains of Abraham will stir you as nothing hns ever done before.. See
history literally repeating itself on the screen,
*{||» lev.   !wt*«en the citillalUl ;<ni<i      HAHHITH
t i.   -Aitri.'.u-i '.« ,.i toiichln.'t tlt'i'if.   The j HAW;   Home-fed Poultry for sale nt
v.irkir-    import   the cault-jU^-.  uiul fold  Atorntt*  prices.      A|»l»l>   3*  <■"-
t»te iajittillsts holt up the worker*      War.*. »l  Nicholas Atnnm, AnBM.
$1.20 for $1J
Better than Beer
And not near ao dear
;    Huuday, Dec. 12
of die Kingdom." Ilibte Clsss and Hon-
dsv school, 13". "Prepurlnir for
iiirtKiniM*. ",.**i*. MontlA) ev-Mlnf.
►'«<*,irtii is-nui,' Thttrwlsy »-t«-tiiiiu*
(Tnristmss t*«tit»t:« prsctlee t«tti»«r»d
by fittyer service Frtdsj, eholr practice and siMHiiii fliil*»im»* rehears*!.
Tlie ailiiii-ii*! rtirlMttiwi'S tl'ee will be
-sii'in on the <v«nlni of Urtrmber 33.
I, Ktuniiet Smith, of Fernie HMi>n-
slon, of the City of Kernie, B.C, hereby
give notir* that mr wire, Knte Smith,
having left my bed and board, I will
not be responsible for sny debt or
debts Incurred by her from this date.
iHlsnedi 8AMPKI, SMITH.
t-Vfn'.;.. IX C , Xltte**mb#v tri, 1911,
SPECIAL   WEDNESDAY   AND THURSDAY,  December   16   and
Jane Feamtey In the famous drama of Uve, Duty and Law.
Scales of Justice
Timtiels.^TWie" "Scales orJustlce"" rs~one otlhe" strongest dramas
ever woven about tha legal machinery tbat sometimes fastens its
colls upon the Innocent and permits the guilty to go undetected.
The Trey O" Hearts
6y Louis Joseph Vance, author of "The Black Hug," "The Brass Bowl,'
"The  Fortune  Hunters,"  etc
and peaceful security at welL
WKh a policy In our oM Una
compaii), you can go oM on your
vacation or visit Uie ends of Uw
earth ami you know you're m>
cure.  Tlie brat In
la alwaji eheapetf. «od especially to when It doesn't «o«t
hlirtior. Don't de.ay about that
reiwwsl or abemt tha* estra in-
miranco you want but «om« rlrtt
tn nt ones and bave It attended
TU   UlvNT—Thrte-roomed   House.
Apply. House 161, Pelhit Are., PVrate.
Mrs. I. ROM
Mattrntty Home, M Dalton Ave.
Ftrtilt, •. C. f»hana «7
rtfRNITI'RK   POR  RAJLR- lltm**-
bold     Kurniture.    Including    Piano,
niniw, nawnpon. TaWen, Cbatrs, lleda
and Itedfllftf, etc.. Hi.     Ap-pl), N>*
lint it may be noted tbat tbla Is onl> Carlisle Block, 1'ellat Ave, Yrnle.
U.ILJI1MU -'li" ...XJ.X«. UJ.-'i.Llltl.-ilia.lIJMilill
One Dollar Special Ticket
Ratcliff s Bakery
l*#!l«*t Aremi*
r ERNIE* B. C.
becomo the entire tyttem
J>*uuBa*«A |kju|H|*j|^lA« tmmm&*^m.
ttrntrnVtittw §mi motttom mrttn
■injurious acide.
To trtfoxe rhetmtxttm Skotfn
Lmultkm in »ibmlilf iteljn tt m
A*,h in I'WxJ.fitttA<   It leifmH
.... T»,„>) ,r, ,i;f fi.jT»(ifon* w<1 -:ip-
r*?^*«'t!« \wiy Olhteeith.' thtn-
H>..ii. t*, ;Aii:^mn*J**J* »**t A
Seett's r.muHloa Ut a
' - »^HI tr..«i*.*l .<r *faom*<m&% W*%
•   .■ n i.tlu-r I-.":*'■«!:■*•-« r»B»"*'.   A""
-S-f^-tt w>., *t Wtttmrn.       * ,
■ ■ .vr^SBBSBHBcJuil
Special Sale on Ladies
Coats, at Half Price
M,*»iiV,\t v,*bi" *v**xt'\ tUmV IMee
IJfjniirtr m\tte fl«J*i flit frtct
llewulur Mil...' *l t<Wi UU Met 	
U.mhI Kleillieletlc. 9 fOT&t f«T ,	
f*hil«lw»tt#a Mtr«iit«»r*, ntrtilar iM.*rtt», tw«r
f*mtata*ea T**** *l (*t**t *t* t*t*^a m»*
.J * ,    *       .3    . _4    ■       ■    ■      .   ,   ,  i       ■   ,       . *   .   > .
. fOe.
For Sale or Trade Cheap
Three fully equipped Meat Markets
One each at Blairmore, Pincher Creek and
Mcleod. Will sell the markets complete
with the lease, or thejtxtures, Terms arranged to suit the purchaser, Apply to
The 41 MARKET Co.
rcBNir      -      -      -      b.c
omul  iiiMlity.
8PSOIAL~-Men'» l)rr«iititf KitiU.
tvttttlar vialm* f iri.tll, ttit-ii* ,,..,,
All u.h.i sw.-«t.-r f.**t*  *l:-»f.H- ISOO; *:(?:• r«,r $200; mM
fnr UW; «f.M t**r $1W? *f .W f«rtl.W
Wimi riMirrw-mr. wiwJiir iiiIm* A&JM, §**i *»u —.... $2.$0
Wtlt f,.e 99fl|; t^r. ?.** ft!»: *?!« tnr « 90 „,«) tl tl f-r
Mill. ^
WtH awl (tttytm tt om,
ChwmI *t*tui*,tt*U\t W*m,\ ttbitin at .. ,* • * . 90-6, A*i IX.OO
THKCUTrWCIlTOM t»«l dour to the Onnd T*mln)
la tk* Wm*tOmt
Mrs. 8. JtanbigB, Prep, L A. Utile, Uetmgtt
Excellent Cuiwne - American anil
European fku - ElucUit light —
Hot fle Cold Water-Sample Rooms
Phone*—Special Rates by the month
itmm ii.an nuf FreWl
mt^^m ttw**mtt ^ewt^^^^w^em
riiinmniriim-innii "m~i *** ** -*~~' -- — —-- — - ■—,—*, „ -.-u-mTt'n'in I'atnt'ia-mytnmjmaamjiinjrvvxxv*
ijiS!.*;,.**:.., *>,      fi
u_„. _	
I I      !J '</
News  of The  District
♦ . ■     ♦.'
♦ •■ ♦
♦ ♦ '♦ ♦♦♦♦♦-*.-*♦♦♦
The Mines were idle on Situuliy,
also Tuesday.
tt&llotttg for the election of District
and inlcru-ution-al Officers tojk place
in ;!i- Cub Hall on Tuesday.
•The special train run in connection
with tae funeral of the two unfcrtu-
-iinte victims of the recent accident,
was well appreciated by the residents.
From Tarious conversations overheard among the young hoys of the
■ciim-p, in their speculations as to what
tliey would like from tlio Christmas
tree, w-e think slsutcs will be in great
Charlie Percy returned to work after his recent operation and sickness.
We are asked to state that owing
lo the hod times prevailing the Metho-
dist Sunday school management do not
intend to canvass the camp for funds
fur their usual Christmas tree, hut
imve arranged a tua party aud concert
for the children to he held Wednesday,
December 23rd.   Particulars later.
Methodist Church Notices.—Wednesday, 7.30 p.m., Talks on the Navy.
Sunday, -2.30 p.m., Sunday school and*
illhlo Class. Choir practice after
Sunday school. Service at 7.30 p.m.,
subject, "The Deceitfulncss of Sin."
The Ladies Aid in connection with
the 'Methodist Church are busily en-
.gnged arranging a grand concert for
New Vears'-Day. Several well known
local celebrities will appear. Refreshments 'will be served.
The residents of this eamp who attended the concert given by thc Coal
Creek Excelsior Hand Sunday even-
lug, were well pleased with the bill of
fine'provided, and aro looking forward
to the next one.
Anyone desirous of contributing towards the Christmas tree for tho -children will kindly give their names to
It, Johnstone or W. R, Puckey.
Several pedestrians have come a
cropper while negotiating the frozen
stream tbat crosses Coyote Street.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ' ♦
♦ ♦
Ths interment of Mrs, Adlam took
place on Sunday at Blairmore from
the home of'her daughter.
Mrs. Jno. McDonald, deceased, was
an old resident of the Pass, and leaves
three sons and one daughter to mourn
their loss.
The mines worked six days last
Week, which constitutes a record for
some time past.
♦ ♦
The Canada West mine worked one
day last week and so far ihis week it
is nil.
A number of men pulled out for
Drumheller, but from latest reports
some of them will soon be back, as
conditions there seem to be pretty
The election for District Officers
was held ln the Union Hall on Tues;
day, but a very small vote 'was polled,
the total being 52. The results were:
Ker President, Phillips, 41; Price, 11,
Vice-President, Graham, 35; McNab,
10; Levitt, 7. Secretary-iTreasurer,
Carter, 43; Brooks, 8. International
Hoard Member, Rees, 33; Brooks, 30.
Sub-District No. 2 Board Member:
Bateman. 41; Larsen, 4; Peacock, 8.
Fraternal Delegate to Dist, No. 0, W.
I'\ of M.: Oakes, 7; Uphill, o; Levitt,
•1;   Nugent, 30;   McNab,  G.
Monday was nomination day for
town council, and seven candidates
were nominated for three vacant seats
in the council, and five for three vacancies on tha school board. Mayor
Malo is opposed for reelection by IS.
S. Bowden. The candidates for council are .1 T. Willard. implement dealer;
E. Sundal, real estate man; Tom Paterson, blacksmith; E. N. Harding, harness marker. The labor ticket is A.
Paterson, 11. Brooks and B. Nugent.
There is one labor man running for
school trustee, Dave Ryan.-
M. Johnson, manager at the Canada
West, is away for a week at Calgary.
♦ ♦♦♦
meeting  and   inform   i.s   just   how
Judge Winter, as independent chair-
the Department of Extension of the
University of Alberta.   Xo charge for
man, in our last dispute (and all other j admission.
judges,  for  that  matter)   arrive    at j    Local 2633 held the election for Dis-
their conclusions.   Also from the In- j Uict Officials in the Opera House on
ternational officers bemoaning the fact
that a number of iocal strikes are
permitted to take place by some District Officers, in spite of the written
agreements in existence, which agreements have made possible our present
organization. While we regret >uc il
strikes as much as President White
and his colleagues, a- they prove no
picnic for the strikers, who only 'ise
it ar a last resort to make the ollui
fellow live up. to tlie written terms uf
agreements, had the circular been delivered to the other fellow it would
have found a more appropriate testing place.
The secretary intim-iUu having
been interviewed by the Uev. K. y
Cook, who desired the co-operation of
this Local in suitably commemorating
the explosion which occurred here in
the year 11110 A.D. The Local nave
tlie Rev. Cook a free hand in tiie mar-
ter.      lt was also intimated that the
Sunday  School   was in  a  position  ro   u0lm\ .Member:Thomas, 20;  Christie,
finance a Christmas tree and present
each scholar with a  small Christmas
Alletl.   7;   Holmes,  7!t;   Loughran,
Dudley, 7.      Delegate to District
girt.   It   was   thought,  however,  that) \0. o \y. K. of M. Convention:  Uphill,
it   would   be  more  desirable  to  give 127:   Levitt,  r.S:   Nugent,   12;   McNab,
every child ln the camp, irrespective!].); Oakes. 1",.     Ballots spoilt.
of creed, a present, and with that en.! ■
in view he desired thn Local to lend i
a   hand.      After  various  expressions j Counp!| an{, Schoo, Bo,mi on Mon(tay
No   Matter   How   Well
You Feel
, Your appetite is bound to feel the need of something exceptionally tasty and good at this particular season, and
lii'inc ear-pfnl aliout tho meat you fancy is an important fac-
t«r. ■ rinnai
Government Inspected
Kept fr-fsh nnd clean until served on.the table is something
you should insist on, Don't think tlint because..we give you
high grade meat that our prices are high.
The town held their meeting on
.Monday night for the nomination of
councillors. Nominations were farmer, W. Macgowan. Dr. Martingay'and
Dan Dunlop for' mayor. We hope to
see Dan getting some new industries
into Frank as we have all kinds of
raw material around:
The following is the way Frank voted in the District elections. President: Phillips, r.6; Prite, 3JI. Vice-
President: (j rati am, 2G; D. MoNab, IU;
It. Levitt, 51. Secretary-Treasurer:
A. J. Carter, 26; J. Brooks, 60. Board
Member Sub-Dist. No. 2: —,1. Thomas,
S; E. Christie, 16; T. Allett, 44: It.
Holmes, 8; J. Loughran, 1: .1. Dudley,
11. Delegate to Dist. C W. F. of M.
Convention: Uphill, 17; R. Levitt, 4,">;
13. Nugent, 6: 1). McNab, 1; R. Oakes,
11.   "
Fr.mk Local Union were busy on
Monday handing out relief to some of
the needy cases. About thirty applied 'for relief, and we were able to
re.ieve some twenty of the most deserving cases. The union committee
visited some of the homes and found
;'Miiy cases of rea' distress where
their- w.is ,1 large 'aniily without 'inj-
thing to ent ur if. pi.t on their 'ee:.
while some where clothed oul.i in a
flour sack.
The miners had two days to draw
for their last two weeks' pay, but after
several deductions had been made
(and they had blown a large portion
of it in drinking booze) their ledger
account showed a deficit. The drinking portion cost them $1.00, and for
this amount they might also indulge
in ablutions,
Two days' wages » $ti. 60
Doctor    $l.5(i
Light    ?1.8I>
Coal    $2.50
Water ("Drink")    $1.00
 _ $6.80	
Deficit    ; $0.2d :    Tlie biiyeriiitendeu:, through the Pit
Tv/cUv cents In tbe hole! . No store j Committee, asked the permission of
paid, and a deficit of 20c to keep him : the Local for the haulage crew to
for two weeks.   Let us hope lie will f work on election dny;  also for two
places to work on idle days, air they
were necessary 'for ventilating purposes.      Permission   lu   both   instances
Tuesday when the following votes
were cast for the various candidates:
President: Phillips, Ul; Price, 85.
Vice-President: Graham, 130; McNab,
24; Levitt. 41. Secretary-Treasurer:
Carter, US; Brooks, 17. International Board -Member, Rees, 112; Brooks,
50. Sub-District No. 2 Board Member, Thomas, S-'i: Christie, 30; Allett,
6: Holmes, 40; Loughran, 'J; Dudley,
(i. Delegate to District G W. F. of M.
Convention: Uphill, 63; Levitt. 57;
Nugent, 0; McNab, lii; Oakes, 18. Ballots snoilt, 60.
Carbondale Local 2227 held the elec
lion for District Ofiicials in the Italian
Hail Tuesday, when the following vol-
es were cast for the various candidal- ?'!"<*• ^"^inkd by F. Shaw, district inspector of mines, were at Passburg ou Thursday last enquiring into
the cause of an  accident which oc-
ings $90:00 has been secured for the
benefit of the youngsters. Considering the conditions prevailing here at
present $90.00 must appear a fabulous apiount, but it must be remembered that although we ar.> .1 :osmo-
poiitan population we are niton, thc
beat parters with cash*-a popular collector like Harry could bit. In order
that Santa Claus should be posted as
to the requirements of the juveniles,
Miss Lee and Mrs. Drew are visiting
the parents, and jt is their intention
to supply warm clothing, boots, etc.,
instead of toys, to all those in need.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦#-♦
♦ ♦
President: Phillips, 36; Priee,
lull. Vice-President, Craliani, lut;
Mi Nab. Id: Levitt. :\'>. Secretary.
Treasurer: Carter. 82; Brooks, ."Si.
International Board Member: Rees,
1)6;    Brooks,   II.    Sub-District   No.   2
J.. -T.-Stirling,' chief  inspe-.-tor  of
The following   were  nominated  for
the various vacancies   on    the   Town
of  opinion   it   was  decided   ihat  the
Local eould do nothing in the matter. 1
! Mayor,
Morrison,    11.    Gate.
Hyslop;   Councillor:
The Pit Commifee nported havli«Cy'Wh„e> j   Lamb>  vv   ^ ,,   KUch
scussed the sharing up of work with* <hoo] TrU8leeg. A. Cameron, 1). H
the   superintendent
with   the   result
packing  crews,   who   were  now   idle.!
who would take the pi-ice of1ho.se who ;
are now  working on the  IGth of the .
month,   and   would   then   work   alter
natc   periods.
The restriction of the use of powder!
was also reported on, and a circular -
from J. T. Stirling, with a copy of the i
! Order-in-Council goiernliig the use ol!
, powder, which went into effect on tho j
! 1st of the present i.icnth, was ix'.sn'*
: read. After considerable discussion J
. and an exposition on the benefits that [
' would ultimately accrue to 'us by the
1 restricted  use of powder, the  matter
curred at the Lei teh Colliery some
time ago through a misunderstanding-between the fireboss and the miner  when  testing the  firing cable.    It
seems that both were working to the
best advantage, but unfortunately the
miner lost his left hand and the fire
boss his certificate.
W. L. Phillips, .President District
IS, was in camp Wednesday last enquiring into the distress in the surrounding camps.
Corpl. Mead, of the It. N. W. .M. P.,
was here on Saturday investigating
distress cases. The secretary haa
posted notices, calling the attention of
all who are in distress to give their
names to the local officers on Tuesday. By so doing a correct list can
be presented.
The mines around here are still
idle, with the exception of the Leitch
A social dance was held in. Slovak
Hall, Passburg, Saturday night. Hard
times was responsible for poor attendance.
The Passburg Angling Association
held their annual dinner at the Passburg Hotel Saturday evening. After
dinmr there Was a concert presided
over by Mr. J. Kerr. Everybody had
a good time.
Hyslop, W. llnysoin, II. Clark.     The election takes place on .Monday, Dec. 14.
A dance was held    in    lhe    Opera
House Monday evening under the aus-
i pices of the Relief Society,     The ob-
! ject being to'raise money  to relieve
! distress   in   town.      The   dance   was
! well patronized.
1    A smoker was Held  in   the   Kigles
, Ha!l   on   Saturdav   evening  '•»   honor
O''   lour   Belgian   brothers   who   weie
le.n'n.'i for their hum*" in Helgi-im to
jcii! the army,
ltobert Thomson left on Wednesday
for Scotland, where he will reside in
* the future.
Funeral   Director
ancl    Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN     RE8,DlNBc0Expr4°6NE ,43     ALBERTA
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation   in  the   Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience-
Excellent Cuisine.
try to spend it in booze.
The 41 Market Co
was given.
The following brothers were eleei.
ed to aet as scrutineers; Barwick.
Burke, Wilson. Lynaston, .1, McLeod
lind Uibers. The election took place
ns prescribed, the poll being opened
for six hours, and resulting as follows: i
President: Phillips, :ili»: Price, so
Vice-President:  (traliam, 18; i.VI«Nut>,
♦ ♦♦♦♦<*•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦;
The staff at Tom  Burnett's Store!
have   surprised   om-e„;v.;;,.R,; ;eb4
have surpassed anything ever seen in
these parts at window dressing. They
have made   a    very formidable but
"edible" Dreadnaught which ^worthy
of reproduction tf space would permit.
As indication of the prevailing conditions may be gnthe'ed from the fact
that three of onr tradesmen are offer-
ing their  Roods at  reduced   prices.
Two of the three are going out of,
■business, white the third will cont; <ue 'rm' *°: l>u<"*y- -*'• Thomas.
on a reduced scale. !   The 80C,nl a,v, (,a,ue h,,ui
Htcve Humble, a good frleitd cf tl.*? | Worker-H' Hull under the auspices ot
District ledger, and one of our bent I »*« IMIevue branch of the St. John*
tMMNirtara, Is offering toys for -Christ-! *™t»i1nnrc Association. November .'-",, j
ina* at iilleen that will nhanie* the cHta-^"8 « r"arl{(-(! mtma. and credit Ik
■jttur 10 the committee, who had the j
i affair in charge.    The social started ;
[at x o'clock, with Mr. W. V. Williams
' In the chair.   The succcsuful candi-1
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
Presldeir, Phillips and Secretary A.
i.l. Carter were visitors So this camp
'on l-'ridiiy and Saturday of last week.
During'ihelr stay here they attended
I.i special meeting of tho i/ocal Union
■ I'Vlday night, and on Saturday A. .1;
! Carter filled the capacity of travelling
! auditor and examined books and
j vouchors of the Local Secretary. j
, The mine hero worked lit roe daysj
1 last .week nnd the balance of the week {
wati spent lu asking questions about j
*i. A. CALLAN, Prop.
71   Livett,  '.{"(t.   Secretary-Treasurei: ■   , -*   , ,*.,...,,.«
Carter.  1X4:     Brook*,    181.   ,„„.,.„, S «ho would be nomimited at Monda> s;
tlomil Botiril Member:  Rees, 27^;  11
Brooks, 78.
Sub-Dlst 2  Boun)   Member:   QlirC
tie. 2M; Allett, S3: Holmes, 7: Ivougli- i
In  the
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
logue liounes.     Steve l» out for the
buxlne»», and  lie  Intends  to  Rat It.
Hood luck to him.
The fourth nnnlver«ary of the llelle-,
Tht World's Beat
-■■ M-rr^'A )-
jmeetlns'of Coiilhurnt   electors, ]
!    lliniiu Fife, driver liosw, met with aj
j painful accident on Friday of last weok j
by Rottiiiff lil» fin Rem cnnnht in the J
hiiuluKo motor. !
Horn 10 Mr. and Mr«. Peter Melllnq.j
peeetnlier Ith, a Hon. '
.lack Scott has purchased a ticket j
to Australia and Intends nailinu about'
ChrittMnitN. ;
Tiie  «iiui  of $l.*i7-7r'   wan collected!
through the office last pay day, the'
same betnit paid over to the widow of j
the late tleor-Ko Smith.
Cliarlli'  Presort had u  narro*   i»»-
icape on Deeemlier Ith while workiDR
nix a rock miner in the mine    Kru-wt;
Atdioroft, who wax working in u place i
rent   Into   l*rrn- j
with n .light accident whllH following\;«»«»"• «*»»"»»»« »»o uone am. were; ■    ^ h,m (1|m|J
kl. otemmtlo., last week.   He will be t^«J;   Jwf nt)"n\x member* ™.lv*i|, ^.^ ^^ ^ ^ um, ,, w,Hs
Incapacitated for some two we*bn.       , certificate*. , u,i j.i*j»<t. .j:'..-.-;);-.
VtotMmi Phillip* 0«d B«er*ury.>   *»«■ ** «;««m«.tw were premei.\       ' ; M||f|U     w„       I
Tr#««im.r A. J. barter were Interim | «'«*• Mr- l*vM»ti presented Dr  -M*.!^^; „/;,,,,„ h,  ,   ,,f> ,ip „,,,„,.     |
»|.Mo»o»lMi««mta«»™it«wlt^ An Hector*  ...*«ltm wn* Held  on j
tttt.   Iiw>ttl   af    lha   lunar   And   mf   Inst I ««"»•*.   Willi   ll   lM»»tlt ftl    table  «• Wtr C i   . . .  , ,     ... „ i
the  local  at  tne latter ena  01  mm ? Mondm, Ih-i .   *t 1,   for   notnlnntlnRi
werk. ■' »•«'"• <«f ' <• »«»• * J1 ••*•«. wji' -^ fur |h,. vm;iai._     T!|, f0|
Tha llellovu. School Board mnetbe^•»«« f" «»««. with    «    Mi*»y ,.,    „„ ^ .„, ,.,„„,„,,„„„!
recipient, or a .rtadaomr rh«,u.i from !*«•»•«••"•>' **<**■ «"''   h*nW Oiem for; „.  ,  „  w Tom j
•ho Strathcona HuM on oneont prUal'f ^\mn they hailhwJ.N u, 'Je| ,. .M,,wmott. John gouk-
for ettieleney In phyalcal drill, which !«»»•»     The docton. both thanked the'
vue uxploulou will be eonimeuoriiusd in r,nf('B al t,1,! wrent flrxt aid examiiia-
Ihe Methodic Church on Sunday next.*"™ ^ l»i»««>tad with their certlfi-
Dacanbar 13th. ,rnUl* b'   Mr   W   v-  William..  *         	
John Adams, a timber packer, met!n«ke on theaood-work that the amta,.        .     • wp
III. a alight accident whllH following!^'* Ration hot done and were >    ^ h
a oicU»«.t.o„ laat week.   He will b»,'^«;   Twenty-,!* member* re„-!v,d,       ' ,
H. 6. 600DEVE GO. Ltd.
n ■■"1
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will turnlth your home from cellar to garret and at bottom price*.   Call, write, phone or wire.   All order* glvon
prompt Attention.
If you are satisfied, ttll othtrs,    If not satisfied, (all us.
accomplishment ihey are proud of.
Mr. Shaw. District Inspector of Min.
en, was In town Saturday.
Uwi-» Paula ne, om ui mir i-m! mm ,
milt**, left thl* wart for art he »«r j
\t**. ix* &**'.*« •.«!«■««*?«! ■■f.:xt'.'&% tbt ;
li*tgt»i» <*on*«»lv visit test we**.   «v
fish him a tmte r*'nrn.
Hatunlay market th* opening of a
ron feet loner'* more bcpn under the «'t
fM»rl«»need cottlm! of Alcsrlsmeii Cole
and r**thorne   Aft-er psrtlcliwtina-
,         * .                ..                   ,
lil    *        "k—   ""■"•'-"	
I" ' *bl'*X   '*11*,tt>**tt)'t\T 'fl   -flTlil    ti!  'Vi'   '.'.','
1*!or«  n*  nowetMtJB  mothet  n?f"t  to
try lo make.   Tho»'re aood.
j   "tb* Methodist Church choir met .'of
ja few hojrs aoclat enjoyment <mi Fri
■m#ni?»er» for their aift
The elass *!*h to tli ink si! who as-
ulsted nt lhe ifim-rrt  an't •nmirwt  'I
Its'   cHerT#»        Th'    pun   e,U   will   ko
towards iitirchastna material for tie
el-in* tt, **r*if*U*f »• ith -t'l.lny, I,***  *''
t*r months
up.    Ktenton win it* held on it"-"
lltlt lu the KiiluMi!
f'lfiN*e* tn mlnltii-' fi»«nnt-emed M<ni*
day. I»er   7*    Wm   Maxwell. munairer.'
nt* teaching this i-ls**. 'ind Ml** Mc-j
Phf-mon, teaches of Knsllfh
The eleellon  tor Iritertsttloiisit «ndj
IHn'rle' «»ffle«r*  wm fi*M !•* th«- »'n ;
♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦<>♦♦♦♦♦(ion  HaU.  Tneifday.  tbe   mme*  i*ltm
-# -# |i.»le fur llu -in* .iHinii,     111" *t  Wiilkt-r
♦ COLf MAN NOTES + m ted ,-i«t triterpp-tor.    Un,  llnufie.   of
A (i'litiwi.)!-, l'jj«,-*l t*jf.loii.*wl*t> «»» (cN-t-'uMt
iin   net    n*    *cr«ltn#«»r nt t'«»!»tiir>it.
i»li«ii«i thai ne 1011I1J mH ttm*.
Phone 25
^^m ^em *^e*   ^^   ^^   ^F   ^w    ^P1    ^    ^p    ts-    ^i    -w
T-t    ••' :":'"        h, 1 •'   *.,     '   '  ..'  ,"'■  *
'rn.** held In Mn- Op«-*rj llousi- un Sluu-'
■iny. Hre#-itiher t&tb, t*r**t,t*nt. It Mnr- *
fjtn In lh»» eha*r. Th«- mlnnle* of ihat
pr* v?«*t4   met iln if   wrn>   idnplf-d   ;i* 1
m        ■iAvm minis        ♦
Send/or Five Roses
Cook Book—
v^^m n^^ ^^t jy|^^^ ^yuiw
CWC t\ UV.V U. Of OWO WZIP11 ^mO^
tXmam Imm tm $,'-«iA:*alm tt mm tm* Omam4
9tt-r9*t,l mm di 1 fr a-w»Tl.-tw ***it^M* tmtatm
Ak* t!*M Xk*m m $* .amm Aaam **1 fool tmn/t
****.** aH*A tmm Wn» nml** timUi eat
tm*t*mtAwwtl w*pf *t*eett/mmtt ww^r-
DirriJBirroit, mum,bo
Ttftttt Wtfotf (to.       "Wtttertr 0*mwf« Who!«t!«
.       ,     a . ' ■*•■*■**-..)   ,.-*ini.,.l   tt.--.iin
b'*' »ta»lN»r-», Mr*. V. Wo|«t*-nh*»|*»e ir*s;i»*»«i«i*fa«f   r»*»-h.'d   tmm   l»istr*«*t
,- not Intern*!tonal en-riiim-, The *■*■■-
rrx^ry in form tn lite me*UiiK of the 4r-
rant***»rit» marfe i»j the lla»l Trn*»-
t»-t>> for rediti'iag ili.*« talari*-* of ihe
rif»ef» l!ou«f Hl.iff ilnrfiiff lit*, fttit
Srr.-iXim-w-n'-*   m^id*-   *•'    it,.,   •■■■.•*.-'* .,,*,*,
■m'-txet ol tin   ttiljtt fund far n-Jii-r. "4^
Int th*- rt 1str*r*» Sri town, to «-<i>htn! tHa* Mn'.-
«.s«mi m imtnttn btanmtt ,    Thai th<
H'Bt, Frasar ***» »-,mxiu*ii asnttfiiiUr-*- it* ?«»r
t-rswi, im mtomtm tt er*tt*** re***-1 *tter*ito**r i» ■$*■%**■ tm I W w«*%»»,?«*■#* |# ». <
m§ were ntoetnA ■• r**<& i    A future -m ib*   t'*n*t* ;*x i-mr—it  •v^,."* •
an,t Mi, Ihinatd MeMlllan. **** «i- '«
itntn'Kg to lh* l*nd of »he h#?»!h»r tor
jaa lnd-**li»U» period
j    Tho* Mt*T«li*oii, of mitiiue fame, has
j wafanaaatcty  he*n ralM  horn*  to
• Ktislsri.) nailm 10 tha ilia**** o: ki*
f m-\1e. Ibut we trntt to bem et h»r
t, a-ntH'A j'  r*tf*ox-*ry,
lb* w>g?»lar mention iA \***-t IS!
*t«»t<HH>'.t nt mm*i allh {Ih* fri-*-M*t'i
bt tb* rbnir mtppmt*4 by ■% ttm>1*l%t*
««si»t».t«»» !h*»
ahoi'- min-"**,!
Jin earlt   re* :
st    <'o«**en*»ti*e
r»<„f.,-.*»r fttil f->i
wtt' rtca!-, ■ ' from
l***Ml<«,t W. 1,. nitHpa. wsa* tk-ir
when cnnv»ntont  he »m »i «nd air
nf t?!* War" **itl
a-rttaf^ofnt i-bnrtb
> «U'«*ti tn ib* l^-ifa«t«At<i"
•1 T?rnr«d»i. t»i'p.|*WMii»u
Ilk b>  x K  f)Ku>w**il. aotretnry eti
"N'oihina .dolna'" *alll
'iutu«ti1«i «!im«"ot!   at
hnl   me j*rt* tn  t»*>j»> * of
As tbt* tft'tn.    11
m**i,f,itr tt^'tf •" 't.
Any tout, the >min*iim tfnx^mt-n wrr-fj
t,f,r,i t-l   *'■■  '•    * '*' '"*' :'"'
j*«.<w *.i< Viriti;   Ixii
•A VIS'.**** Torpj
* , :,*!(tr«-» t,t ttt-nwr iMo**
, 'iiMtti urn* <tt, X'hvtm**
■1 **S.f-TTft*'n*  ■t*Vtrlt':tii''l*ti       V
*, -.*   f-^**   t***,*l(-   t*^,4   in-if.
!.»i'r) l*f* mm* «»»cr »i«»r*«
I't.iv -fUidfutlt'-r for ttu- k',«l
■ ■* the r»"»»tt «4  M* ntmttl'
•The Qusaiity Store'*
Blairmore, Alta.
Leckia Ming Shoes, Invictus, R«gti and K Mak*
Fine Shots
Call and inspect utir complete line of Felt, Leather
and Carpet Slippers ior men, women and children.
Child » heavy Felt, lea*her sole, ankle strap Blippers
****** on *nt<.
- ■  i -   ■
ll-Uil *■* J'ntiii Aiimttt.. .u 4«,i * uAlgMttt.      tke Al« Olltt-
lug a large shipment of Travellers' Sample! at
Factory c*»l.    These include:
Ladies' Waist* from <W to 1300
Ladies and Umlttren s Ooat* and Sweaters. Aviation Caps, and other wool goods
Otir Grocery Department is complete with the choi:-
est quality goods
A PPtiVS W B0XBS tt SS and 11 '15
Choi e Ontario Apples, $A SO per barr «1
Try r. tack of wr OOLD SEAL FLOUR, S3 65
Call tn its for Feed Stuff*. Wheat. Shorts, Bran,
Oats and Crushed Barley
The Store That SAVS8 You Monoy
1* w*
Page SIX
By -Franklin   H.   Wentworth.
"1 saw that corpses might be multiplied as on .the field of battle, till
they no longer affected us in any
degree as exceptions to the common
lot oif humanity. If I had found one
body cast upon tlie beach in same Ion
ly place it would have affected me
more.—-H. D. Thoreau: "The Shipwreck."
-Why is it that it is so difficult for
us to contemplate things in their proportion? It is so seldom other than
the individual who either excites sympathy or calls down anathema.
If a man steals a loaf of bread he
is promptly aud summarily imprisoned; if he steals u railroad the people
meet htm- at the station with a band
and flying colors.
" You can be a scoundrel if you will
only be a big scoundrel—and succeed
at it.
There is something about bigness
which oppresses the imagination and
distorts the basis of judgment.
Great truths are elusive; this is
why they are so easily obscured.
If a man kills another with a pistol
the 'Wbria is horrified and puts him
to death; tf he kills 10,000 with a
piece of parchment he is hailed as a
financier and becomes the patron of a
Imagination is an exceptional quality.     : ■■■ ■■   "       |     ..    . '    .
.Most of us have only senses and
passions; objective things, only, impress us—and even these must be unique or unusual. ,
We are as indifferent to the crimes
of a system of which we are a part
as we are to the glories and wonders
of a familiar universe.
We look at.the sunshine unnjoved,
but Tet there be an eclipse and we ran
hither and thither with smoked glass
as if there were something important
toward. Yet to the imagination the
sunshine is more wonderful than the
passing of two bodies in space.
Discontent is called the mother of
progress, but progress does not spring
from discontent; mere reaction
springs 'from discontent. Disc-intent
serves only as the somber background
upon which the imagination flashes its'
ideal. /
Progress rises through illumination;
the imagination is the real, lever of
Jules Verne paints a ship swinging
down amltrWe wet^TOlilgl^of the
deep sea, Then comes the .-inventor
—the mechanic lit by Jules Verne's
flam©—an^ the Nautilus becomes a
submarine reality. Again, he sees
in his mind's eye a moon'' voyage, and
Santos Duinont ^sails round the Eiffel
Tower. (The imagination speaks the
doom,word of effete civilization when
it lifts into view the vision of the better day.
We will never realize a better order
of society until our imagination is
kindled by the vision of it.
"Let well enough alone"; that is tlie
creed of the unimaginative, and he It
is whose dull, deadening incubus has
made the 'world's tyranny of such long
life.. It is he who, when his front
door is closed, believes that the whole
world is warm; it is he who, when
his own trencher is full of meat, cah
see no vision of a hungry man.
With what grace or satisfaction
might a dinner party of the smart set
eat its terrapin and its truffles at the
Waldorf while a row of hungry men
and women, from the Bast Side stood
with gaunt looks ranged along the
Just what emotions would an analysis of their feelings disclose?
But what; matter^ if if the row of j
hungry ones be inside or outside, so j
long as they be anywhere?
Ah, outside they cannot Be a rebuke
to the senses or passions; the eye cannot reach them there, and the dull
mind sees them not. When the hungry ones are invisible; when they
are back in their Bast Side kennels
and there hang only the tapestries of
the banquet room where loomed the
accusing specters, then..he with the
imagination, alone, can see them. He
with the imagination sees the specters
still, shaming him from the sheen of
the shading lights, and his food dires
in his throat and choltes ,him.
Imagination: torch of celestial fire!
If you have it at the flood you must
** ■ i
become an  artist—or  you  must  be-
come the only alternative—a revolutionist. 1;
If your intellect outweighs ■ your
heart you may become a painter, a
poet, or a musician; but if your greatness of mind is at equipoise with your
greatness of heart and your imagination is at the flood; then you will do
naught but illumine the future to the
Mazzini was an artist soul, a poet
and a musician, but his great heart
drew him away from those esthetic*,
beautiful, selfish avenues of creation.
He could not write music white his
fellows were breaking on the wheel
ofiilvranny. sn ■h*>.'*.t'|||*i'?j:. tb* "troT'g
ed by the things he does, it is a petty
strife, late begun and ended all too
soon. '
But he -who treasures this divinest
spark, imagination; this greatest gift
of the gods; who fans it into the flame
it ought to be, can fire the torch in the
souls of other men, turning their lives
into radiance, as a sulphur match may
start a forest fire.
Thus the divinest thing in us lives
on iu other lives, in ever-widening
circles ever producing its kind; ever
moving the race onward; "onward aad
upward toward tho peaks and toward'
the Great Silence."
"Beginnings are alike; it is the ends
which differ!
One drop falls, lasts and dries up—but
a drop;
Another   begins   a   river;   and   one
Settles a life, an immortality."
flame of his" great manhood to sear
away the hideous institutions which
manacled Italy on her knees in dark'
One man, strive how he may, can
hope in his life to' do but little.   .Tudg-
The presence of the members at the
local meetings and their activities are
observed by the employers,, ana the
more interest the members display at
their mee'tings the more likelihood for
a favorable agreement with their employers.
The call for a convention for Aug.
30th, by Local No. 300 of Xew York, to
discuss 'ways and means to do away
with the traditional system of piece
and home work should interests every
tailor, throughout 'the country, and we
hope that there will be enough delegates present at the convention to
make it interesting for us to keep up
the agitation for the week work system and the supervision of shops by
the employers.—Journal of the Switchmen's Union of N. A.
How Long Will
The War Last f\
By Viotor L. Berger
*       . * (i
The kings and rulers of all the counties at war have had their opportunity,; now we believe that the proletariat should have a chance. Let the
Socialists get together and see if they
can't find a solution of present difficulties. There are 5,500,000 German
Socialists, including half the army;
six members of-the French government are Socialists, and many 'working men in Great Britain are members
of our party. It may be ihat they
could be brought to realize that no
one is the aggressor In this war.
"I strongly object to the custom of
christening   ships   with   champagne."
said a man who was a strong advocate
of temperance.
—y-donk^—replied-liis-^riendi -]
think there's a temperance lesson in
"How can that be?"
"Well, immediately after the first
bottle of wine the ship takes to water
und sticks to it ever after."
Speculation upon this subject is now
peculiarly rife not only in the warring
countries but among us neutrals, and
the various estimates run between
three months and three years. It is
an interesting, if not a fascinating,
subject, and uve therefore take the liberty of presenting our estimate along
with the others. Indeed, a correspondent, who will not be denied, has made
the request that we do so at once.
So, without further preliminaries,
we are of the opinion that the war
will last just under three years, or,
to be exact, two years, nine months
and twenty-five days. We arrive at
these figures from a process of calculations based'on the experience of
the first three mouths of hostilities.
It must be understood and accepted
that this war will go to a finish. All
the combatants are determined upon
tliat. The Germans, to a man—and
a woman also, to say nothing of the
children—are lined up solidly behind
the Kaiser. The French are fighting for their national existence, and
the English have pledged themselves
to spend their last man and last pound
for tlie preservation of democratic institutions and small nationalities,
while Riissia is equally determined to
realize her splendid spiritual inheritance, whatever that may mean. We
don't quite know what it is, but as
they all think it worth fighting for,
it doesn't matter very much. Blut
they are all equally determined to expend human life to the very last man,
as they have emphatically and repeatedly observed.
Also let it be clearly understood tliat
none of these people really wanted
war. But now, of course, they not
only welcome the unwelcome thing
but joyfully embrace the opportunity
it affords to realize their highest aspirations and ideals.
Judging from the three months just
passed, the probabilities are that the,!
experts who declare that the end will
come through "the process of attrition" are correct. We accept that
view, and the rest naturally becomes
a matter of simple arithmetical calculation.
' A careful statistical survey based
upon the average reports of the most
reliable   experts  on  all   sides  shews
=£,-..* t^.=lm.r.9^
Ll..-*....* -UJ5U
-fciiut— irviu—.1 Si tit,—v-y—itiBfc-tii-cr*n:—v*nilj"ut?-
about 20,400,000 patriots put Into the
field to undergo the attrition process,
which is ofte» popularly ■ designated
in the war reports as "wiping out."
An  equally careful  survey  of  the
reMilts of the attrition process up to
date, and making due allowance every
way for exaggerated and minimized
figures, and *we arrive at the conclusion that the consumption of patriots
amounts to almost 20,000 per diem.
•This only includes those so thoroughly attrituated, either by death or
Itermanently disabling wounds, that
they cui not resume their places on
the' lighting line. For the last two
months, as every one knows, thi attrition process on the 'Whole has been
a sort uf stalemate, and in all pio-
babillty will so continue to the end.
It can he readily concluded from
these figures taken iu conjunction
witli the solemn decision of all o fight
to the last man, that the abrasion or
attrition of an approximate 20,400,000
pui riots at the rate of 20,000 i day,
i,hows by a siniule process of division
tliat the war will last just 1,020 days,
or, as we said before, two years, nine
months and twenty-five days. The
merest tyro In figures can verify this
for himself.
We are not intolerant enough to
desire to force these exact figures
upon our readers, f'liose who don't
like them ean get rid of them also by
a process of attrition—by simply wiping them out, and starting a new calculation for themselves.
As to who will win, it is impossible
tp give uny opinion without, laying
one's self open to the charge of partiality, which, above all things, we
aim to avoid. We merely desire to
give figures, not offense. IBut our
opinion is that .Providence, according
to habit and custom, will finally decide to crown the largest remaining
battalions—if there are any remaining, which, we admit, the calculation
seems to deny—with success. That is
to say, those with the greatest amount
of right on their side -will be victorious. Of course, the 20,000 eliminated daily can be divided in any manner
to suit the desires of the calculator.
We shall not here presume to mako
the division.
In conclusion, we sincerely hope i.i:it
those before whose consideration
these figures are laid will not accuse
us of apparent heartlessness and callousness in our statistical effort, and
will remember that mathematlcalvcal-
cuTations do not readiiy lend thera-
nature, though we know that on occasions liars can figure. This mathematical streak we are now exhibiting
ts but a reaction Itroip many days and
weeks ot equally useless deploring
and repeatedly assuring ourselves and
others that this war is terrible, deplorable, calamitous, .outrageous, yea,"
even a horror. There's a time for
everything and perhaps we have already given too much time to deploring, and it is now time to transform
ourselves into-the calm,: cool, merciless, scientific matter-of-fact statistician instead.—N. Y. Call.
The Reichstag ahs voted a war credit of $1,25,000,000 and the Imperial
Chancellor, Dr von -Bethmanufilollweg,
before the German house of representatives, has declared that the future
can be regarded with confidence. "We
must and will fight to a successful
end," said the chancellor, • "our defensive war for. right and freedom." At
the same time the chancellor asserted
tlm the apparent responsibility "for
this greatest of all wars" lies with
ltussia, while the real responsibility
falls uu the British government,
Germany's action as mediator between St. Petersburg and Vienua
wcaikl have been successful, the imperial chancellor further declared, had
bliiglfciiu warned the Russian government that she would not allow a con-
'.iuental war to develop from the Aus-
trc-Servian conflict, and thus oblige
France to restrain Russia from undertaking warlike measures.
Regarding the progress of tne ^ar,
the French, official statement reports
a'violent bombardment of Lampernis-
se, to the west of Dixmude, an action
to the northwest of the forest of La
Grurie, and iu Alsace the capture ot
the towns of Aspach-le-Haut and As-
pach-Je-Bas by the French troops. \
Iu the east, according to the announcement from Russian general
headquarters, relative calm prevailed
on December 1 on all fronts, but about
midnight the Germans made a determined attach on the Russian positions
north of Lodz which, however, met
with repulse.
Belgrade has been occupied by the
Austrians, after its evacuation by the
Servian tr-pops, and indications are
that the Servian army is being hard
Italy awaits with some anxiety the
reopening of the Italian parliament,
at which Premier'Salandra will outline the government's attitude ii the
war, and the reasons which have actuated the policies of -maintaining
"armed and watchful neutrality."
General Christian De Wet, tbe famous Boer leader m the Souch African
war. v ho turned re'jol shortly after the
commtfiiceirtent of the present war,
Pure Blood Is Absolutely
Necessary To Health
These    Wonderful    Tablet*,
Made of Fruit Juices, Are The*
Best   Of AU  Tonics To
Purify And Enrich
The Blood.
Pure, rich blood can flow only in »•
clean body. Mow, a clean body is one °
in which the waste matter is regularly
and naturally eliminate^! from the
system. The blood cannot be pure
when the skin action is weak, when,
the stomach does not digest the food
properly, when the bowels do not move
regularly, when the kidneys are
strained or overworked.
Pure blood is the result of perfect
health and harmony of stomach, liver,
bowels, kidneys and skin.
"Fruit-a-tives", by their wonderful
action on all these organs, keeps the
whole system as clean as Mature intended our bodies to be clean.
"Fruit-a-tives" tones np, invigorates, strengthens, purifies, cleans and
gives pure, rich, clean blood that is, in
truth, the stream of life.
"Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50 trial sire 25c,
or sent postpaid on receipt of price by
Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
1 X<l
■Z*. t*y.fjtr9,y
to lay in necessities. Do
not forget that injuries,
skin diseases, children's
wounds, piles, and similar troubles are best
provided against, and
most quickly cured by
South Africa forces, according to an
oiflclal dispatch from Pretoria.
quickly ttopi coushi, cures colds, and healf
the throat and lungi..      ::      ::      89 cents*
Suddaby's Rexall Store
The Fairyland Fop Children -Toys of Every Kind
Structural Steel Toys, Sleighs, Hockey Sticks, Pucks, Boxing Gloves, Bicycles, Toy Guns, Whips, Horns
Drums, Clockwork TOys, Friction Toys, Footballs, Etc. Etc.   Dolls, DOll's Carriages, Tea Sets, Basinetts'
Cradles,  Doll's Furniture, Doll's Cooking Ranges,  Games; Ludo, Fort Etc. Toy Books in great variety!
Boy Scout and Indian Outfits, Electric Trains.
Christmas  Tree  Decorations
Tinsel,   Candles   Etc.
Decorative Paper Etc.
Neil son's Finest  Confections and  The
Choicest   Kitchen   Candy   Manufactured in
With Every Five Dollars cash purchase we will
give Free Two Gold Fish
and Aquarium complete.
This ojfkris in force from Sat
12th to Dec. 24th
Edison  and Victor
Phonographs and
Records Etc.
At   List   Prices  And  on   Easy  Terms.     Call
*      in and see us
GIFTS FOR LADIES kodaks iraveUingCompanmnsSewingrS^, Manicure sets, Finest Perfumes,
Uir IO fUll UAUIIaJ church books, Daintily bound gift books, Latest popular fiction, Hand bags, Purses
Candle sticks, Mirrors, Ivory & Ebony Brushes & Mirrors etc. Pullman Aprons etc. '
GIFTS FOR MEN MHiUry %" J,rt\Gii.1"te ^Sr3?*^^6.18' Smoking Pipes and outfits, Foun-
Uir IO run man tain PenS) Kodaks, Sets of Standard Works of Fiction, Wallets, Purses, Thermos Bottles
By Purchasing in Town you save express charges and distribute your money in your town where it is needed
5 Ai IT T .A I* JBl li 13
! (^KtWWtU'^IWU.;* A  '*
,,-:;s. A'A%f$y$S^^
Will Soon Be Here
We can supply your needs in
either coal or wood heaters.
Call in and look over our stock
of ranges and heaters before the
cold weather arrives.
'SAX rX-
/ A' c <\ ,,..
Hardware  and  Furniture
•Phone 37
B. C.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
A. Macneil S. Banwelt
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Full supply o'f following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break,
fast.    -
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood Street
F. C, Lawe
Alex. I. Father
Fernie, B. C.
Place in The
We Are Ready to Scratch
off you* bill any Item of lumber not
found Just as we represented.   Tben
is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you WaSai spruce we do not
*eud you hemlock. When you buy
first-el&RS lumber we don't slip In a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
bave not yet made our acquaintance
counter If they bought tbelr lumber
No one is responsible for the war in
Kurope. All of the nations involved
were attacked. None is the aggres
sor. All ere fighting for culture and
civilization. "They say so themselves.
Why should we doubt their word and
betray our neutrality?
There lias been a disposition on the
pari of American Socialists to place
the responsibility upon capitalism.
Charles Edward.Russell, .who was in
Europe at the outbreak of the war,
sees in the war the inevitable result
of the expansion of German industry
and commerce and imperialism seek-j
ing an outlet in ihe Atlantic, The
German justification that the war is
a war of Teuton against Slav has lieen
subordinated, as the war has pro-
gressekl, to the frank confession that it
Is a challenge of German imperialism
to British imperialism—or to use the
kaiser's figure of speech—"for a place
In the sun."
Karl Kautsky, the German Social-
Democratic writer, has made it quite
plain that, capitalistic development
and imperialism are,complementary—
that where there Is one there is necessarily a striving for the other. We
have seen with the development of
capitalism in the United Stales, the
repudiation of our earlier idealism, as
expressed in the Declaration of Independence, and the grafting of colonies
and dependencies' upon' the republic,
ruled by it but not a part of it.
The United States his become an
imperial republic. Should tlie British
empire ever collapse, should its Eng-
lisli-speialiing colonies be unable of
fep] unable to maintain separate existence and independence, our imperialists expect that America, rather than
Germany 'will be its heir.
There are many causes for the war
in Europe, but the prime cause' is
found in the industrial development of
the German empire. It makes no difference whether we accept the German plea that it bas been attacked by
Us jealous rivals or the view that the
jealous rivals have been forced "to de-
land and France, with Russia barring
the way to the east.
Our owr- capitalists are coming to
recognize that the Kaiser did not
make the war, though they see in the
expansion of German capitalism a
challenge to" their own supremacy. As
they want to "be let alone in our domestic affairs, so in the larger field
of international affairs their interests
lie in maintaining things as they are.
Germany's imperial designs are as
threatening and menacing to the capitalistic international status quo as Socialism is to 'the existing order.
The world has been divided, between
the great industrial nation and empires. Everyone is satisfied excepting Germany, lt has pnly lately
"made 'its pile." It is a rank outsider. II is rude. Ii boasts of its
wealth, its prowess and its superior
intelligence. It insists that it shall
be elected to membership in the
world's empire club and is now
pounding at the door and threatening
to smash the furniture.
Very ivaturaly the members of the
club—the "exclusive set"—resent the
intrusion. They arc not like the proletariat who, though il lias nothing to
lose is fighting lest it may not lose
that which jt hath not. They have
a great deal at sfialte. Their sympathies are with.'themselves. That explains why Judge Gary of the steel
trust very frankly impressed upon the
American steel manufacturers at their
annual meeting, that "the struggle for
commercial supremacy is the underlying cause of the war, or at least has
had u deciding influence upon its precipitation."
The -industrial rulers of America do
not sympathize with Germany, not because the Kaiser is an autocratic monarch, or that they fear that democracy
and liberalism are menaced Dy .Prussian drill masters. The only liberty
they care about is the. liberty which is
the prerogative of sovereign power.
Tlie thing that they do fear is that the
club door 'Will be smashed hy-jind that
In connection .witn the dispute in
West Yorkshire owing tp the refusal
of employers to carry'out the award
of Judge Amphlett^ chairnian of the
Joint District Board under the IMini-
mum Wage Act, Jlr. Ashton reported
that he had been in communication
with the Prime Minister, Sir George
Ask with, and the secretary af the
West Yorkshire 'Mineowners' Association.
The award, s!aid Mr Ashton, amounted to an extra 4d. per day to men who
were under the minimum wage. No
pne had been idle, as the men hi<d
worked under protest. A conference
between the mineowners and the miners' representatives was being arranged for November 19, when it was r oped the employers would agree to pay
the award given by the neutral chairman   ,,
The adoption of wireless telegraphy
ur.ihrground -was the interesting subject raised in a com-ti'inication from
the inventor of the gas-detecting apparatus, who was anxious that* the
Miners' Federation should take an in.
terest in the new invention, as it
was :i question of the the safety of
tho underground worker. <The committee appointed the chairman and
secretary 'with a view to testing tlie
possibilities of the invention and to
report tn a future meeting lu order
that the whole executive might if desirable liave an opportunity- of witnessing experiments,—London Daily
member'with a mailed list. They are
satisfied with   things   as they   are.
They have their- place in the sun.—
iMilwaukee Leader.
By JIark Twain
Once a year he lays aside his Christian private morals and hires a ferryboat und piles up his bonds In a warehouse in Xew Jersey, for three days,
and get out his Christmas public mo.--
al's and goes to the tax office and
holds up his hands and swears he
wishes lie may never-never if .he's got
a cent in the world, so help him.
The next day the list appears in tlie
papers—a column and a quarter of
names, in fine print, and every man
in llie list a billionaire and member ol
a couple of churches. II know all
those people. 1 have friendly, social
and criminal relations with the 'whole
lot of them. They never miss a sermon when they are so's to be around,
made easier for them, but it is not
wise. Few of us care for ten minutes
in a month about these beginnings or
what they promise, and so the burden
■falls entirely upon the workers, who
are directly concerned. They have got
to win civilization; they have got to
take up the task of fastening a worker's control upou business	
When employers talk about the freedom of labor it may be that some of
them are veally worried over the hostility of most unions to exceptional rewards for exceptional workers, but in
tlie main that isn't what'worries them.
Tliey are worried about their owu
freedom, not the freedom of wage-
earners. They dislike the union because it challenges their supremacy,
and they fight unions as monarchs
fight constitutions, as aristocracies
fight the vote. When an employer
tells about his own virtues he dilates
upon his kindness, his fairness and
all the good things he has done for* his
men. That is just what benevolent
autocrats do—they try to justify ttuir
autocracy by their benevolence. In-
>Ieed, the highest vision of those »vho
oppose unions is that the employer
will develop the virtues of a good aristocrat, a sense of noblesse oblige.
'Bur. of course wage-earners are not
dealing with men inspired even by
such a vision. Henry Ford is a sensational rarity among employers. N'o
doubt there are some others not so
conspicuous. Now, If workers faced
only men with such an outlook I don't
think their problem would be s-.olved,
but it would take a very different complexion. It is, however, an -icatlemic
question, for the great uriss of em-
pjloyers show no desire to make big
concessions.—From "A Key to the Labor-Movement" in the ^Metropolitan.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies       ~
I do not believe that any man should
be compelled to join a labor union, but
I think that he is morally obligated io
for these reasons: First, as a result of
the activity of the various unions in
all the States we have serurefl different laws on the statute books relative
to sanitation and safely: second,
through fhe activity of labor organizations la.ws relative to tlu> protection
of women and children have been secured; third, through the efforts of
labor unions there have been laws
made for the better education of chil-
ami they never miss swearing-off day,! (iron; fourth, the hours of lnbor h:ue
fend their place in the sun, the fact ithey will have to make .way for a newJ whether they are sb's to be around or j boon reduced, affordins improvements
remains that the  war is a  consequ-    '   "   '"'"  ' '      """ " "'
ence of the expansive force of German*
industrialism and the prior occupation of the undeveloped world by Kng-
Ethical Hash
— Dealers In -
Lath,   Shingles,
8ash   and i
Adulteration of food products is exceedingly dangerous to and deteriorate
SPECIALTIES-Mouldlngs,.1"* the ,Uin!au ^nlsm and should,
_ . _ , , . j_ . „ „, V; iof course, be suppressed as far js
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work i       „.,,.,,       \ ,      ,   ... _,
" i possible, but it must be admitted an a
sort of. compensation   that  no  such
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers D^fi!:
| OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
j Opposite G. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
j    Phone 23.
Bur Middled with   the  Iteot Wines
Liquors iuul Clgiu*'
and' felt herself justified, This
course of ethical hadi is strong meat
for weak stomachs, all right.
If you feel yourself justified, then,
while you may be ethlcully right for
I used to be an honest man. I am
crumbling. No—1 have crumbled.
When they assessed me at l*$75,000 u
fortnight ago I went out and tried to
made mere enjoyable.
' It is for these reasons that I believe
that a man who works at a trade and
accepts and enjoys the conditions that
organized labor has brought about is
morally obligated to1 join the labor organizations to lend his zeal, his interest and his financial help io the
movement tliat gave bim those conji-
tions.—W. II. Wilson, Secretary of
fnr the unorganized as woll as tho organized laborers; fifth, wages as well
havo been increased; sixth, working
conditions havo been improved; sevc-.i-
t'l, the iioiihing conditions   anil    the
>P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor .Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boou and
Shoot, (tents' Purnlibtaft*
Feniie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
List of Locals District 18
•'•MM**.   *W*»   *«l
Hear«r Creek...
•ae, not P. 0, Atomm
* ■,.»■»** «#*,  ,*****Am*e   * mwfii,n, «f a «***•*#*•
 r WV-ni'.iv V.nnMit ;,t1, AU.;..
 l.'lxtogtii'aa. Heaver Creek, via Placbsr, All*.
,. ,Juh fbtrke. Hox M„ Ballanit, Alt**.
 , Wm. Archer, Blairmore. Alt*.
 T. fl. Harries, Paaabur*, Alt*.
....    I »>!!..!   ,1*       f*      m\.  .    .    *.  * f*     t ,  I
■i -9, w****.,.,-. .,.,.......-.»■     *•.'':*..,'*,        ■*•■'*,".9*'.t ,,    *» i, .'■irt*,*lij*9,   ,,1.19*.
x'eomor* Mkhoel Worn*. l'«MMor«. AHa.
i'u:««mu> 3. JobMton. Coltaon. All*.
lorWa , ft Oarbutt, Corbin, D. C,
Cltiiwnk Mines... J. Brans, Chinook Mine* Coitnore* Alt*
Pernio Thoa 1*1*111, Ferule, B. Cf
tVank  Kvan Morgan, Frank. Alta.
lil\i«t*K. 'A**'.. Ati-iUt, HilWruU, Alt*,
ItwrnuMMt... • h. Mew*, 1731 tmm mstmim, tt. UtkhrMtt
lA+'o/tiriOnt* ioiiit.ru*...>r»Mi harrtnctaiin. I'eaMmst Alt*.
Mapto U*l \.T. u. Harrtea, Pauibofi, AMa.
SUelwl  ,,..',.,.„, R1<*»r4 ttenrt. W«i*l, ft. C,
f'uaburB T. Q. Harris*. Paaaburg. AJU
Tntut A. P&ueftoa. Taber. Alt*.
<;«,r,,rM©«a. < »iirw>rt...M*i limtXer, flforgMowR. -CnnimKO, AHa
evil re-sults—ut least thBf are manifest to the eye—follow n banquet of
mental trash. There are millions of
very fine appearing people who can
diet habitually on Intellectual dust and
chaff, and not only feel none the
worse but apparently very much the
better for It.
! For those wlio liave got beyond the
j Infantile .nourishment of this kind
j served up In the ordinary church ner-
} mons, we can heartily recommend tlie
■ feast ustmly spread at the tables of
othlcal culture societies. And we
know of no more efficient cook for a
iiueiiHge of this sort than Ur. Felix
l Adler.     It hits always been an undiluted pleasure to us to act the part
of spectator when the multitude ap-
. proaih the sacred cook stove altar <>l
Felix for their weekly ration.     We
know of none who can equal him in
■ prep j ring appetising dishes.
j    Here Is an Alder entree that por>!
haps may be enjoyed second hand j
j by our readers.    To Rot the full fla-
Ivor of It, It should be viewed rather!
'th«n ntw. !
] "(lermany Is ethically right In attempting lo Like an empire from Kng J
land, and so la Kngland ethically right
In attempting to wlpi> the Herman
fleet off tbe face of the earth. When
ethic* com* In, an attempt to Justify
act* by a moral pretext Is made. I
have no use for moral pretext. It is a
mere cloak." *
This Is somewhat difficult to dlgfst
for tho«« who nr*- not habltuatm! to
tbt <l!vt. It ta ralb*r <«nfti*l*nx 1*
find an ethical expert admitting that
•wrvhodf !« ahon* ethically .ill rlfht
and then apparently siwllln* ihe nn-
cm Hon by u-l<iltiK a vipogary dasii ol
"moral pretext," liut it i* reassuring
to bnt* * Hniv«*nial ftcf-tuli-ia) of this
kind, and be able to conclodf th*
course itt the words ot the opera pttgtA
unit nil I* rttbx ss rt-ebt «« t* '
tlut tt might be tmnglned that tbe
next Item on the menu would revolt
the Intellects) stomachs of the cihlc
rtewnrers.     Head Hook Adler serves
yourself, you are wrong for other peo-
feel, and
pie who don't feel ns you
they are also ethically right for themselves and wrons for you. This seems
to be what the "ethics of opinion" consist of, but they certainly do not seem
to get very far when Opinions clash,
If you happen to be wrong in the
ethics of opinion of the other fellow,
your ethical justification of yourself
becomes nothing more than n "moral
pretext," In his opinion at least. And
his ethical condemnation of your view
of the matter in turn become* merely
u "moral pretext" to him.
We have never intellectually consumed any of.the Adler ethical output.
when, 1 round they were letting ;i
whole crop or millionaires live in N'ew
York at n third of the price they were
uluirglng me I was hurt, I waa indignant, and said: "This is the last
feather. I am not going to run ihis
town ull by myself." t In thai moment
-r-ln thut memorable moment.—I begun to crumble..
In fifteen .minutes the disiiucKiM-
i'oii was complete. In fifteen minutes
I iiiid become just a mere moral sand
pile, and 1 lifted up in) hand along
with' ihose s-eaaoneii and experienced
'deacons and swore off overy rag of
personal property I've''-got In the
world, clear down to cork* leg, glass
eye, and what is left of my wig.
The tax offleers„'were moved; they
were profoundly moved, Tliey had
long been accustomed to seeing hardened old grafters act like that, and
they could endure the spectacle; but
they were expecting better tilings of
me, ii charterrtl, professional moralist, iuul they were saddened.
I full  visibly In thf»tr respect and'
esteem, and I  should have fallen lu
my own, except   thai   I  had already
Meets ^  every    Wednesday,,
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puok&y.
Secretary, J. B, Mciklejohn.
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 5 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Meet at Aiello'e Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fern-ie, Box  657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m, tn their own HaU, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcliffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.   "
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
Meets   every    .Monday   at
7:30 p. m., iu It of P. Hall. "
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge. No.
'2^1, meets in the It P. Hall
.-.--1111.1 ;i.;.1 fourth Friday of
tail, month at 8 p. m.
*>;r.s. j. imooKS. w. m.
"'. OH It. Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
in i tie K. P. Hall first and
*5 * third Fridav evening of each
:5 month at 7.30. Visitingbreth-
S    ren cordially invited,
«        ' J. SHILLING, Kee. Sec.
A Stl
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
aa im-retiry will n.P"!y iU».tr«y tin. nuttm- of no.rll
nml i*iiiii|,i,*...l*, .li rai.tir (In. uhuli- s.n.ti'iu »U»-u
«-:h«tIiik It IIji-oii*.'). tip tutii-ui.s Mirfaci-i.. Kui-U
hi-tli-li-n »t«>ul<l iievi-r !«■ u-n'il i*n.s*|ii qu iirp*crl|>-
tlmie f.i'Ui i-i'imtitMo iilLM-irliiu-i, it* lhe duoiagt.
Illl'}- Kill  llo 1» (I'll  full! tu \M' pwd   ln.H cm, |H».-
MMy il.-rlv.. I rom .li.-ui, U.il.'n Cmiirr!. Cur<-.
nmii'ifii'-ii.n-il liy r. J. rliom-y \ (':., Tnli-ilo, (1.,
i-i'i.taini. to !tn'!M'»r>. i n,l U ttiki-ii lnii-niutiy,
ai-tlni: ili.i'itly iii-wi llu- M.«l mid rtm.-ou< mr
fai-i-<> nf Hi.- i.y«.i*ni. in tuning HullV latn'rU
Cure lie miiv yoll f-'rt Hit- f. UUiln*. 11 la lulil.
Int<-runlly :nnl mndi- In Tiili-il-. ul.l'>, by 1". J.
I'liiiH-y A; l'i,.   Ti-rtlBMUiialH 'rue,
Ruld liy nnieslHt-a,    I'tl.f, 75i', |»t lK-*tli>.
Tuke Hal!'* I'uu-.ily  r.'H*. f^r ci/Djllpullon
If -charity  begins    at    home, what,
do you call John D.'s act of sending
JWO.OOO worth of food to the Belgian
KUfferers, and starving the Coiornilo
8iifft-rers ?
It is about as satisfying to us as io
a tiunsry man who filled his utomffi-b j «rui-h bottom, ami there wasn't any
with water to aatlate his appetit«.       (plate to fall to.
Hut others s-wm to thrlv* upon It j
remarkably, which   is   perhaps only
another confirmation of the innervation that we arc fearfully and wonderfully made,—X. Y. Call.
Men   don't   »nlHt*e   for *'iiiwrii,\v j
Jum bt't'Aiiso it ia a fltif theory,   niwy 1
eome to tl«'nlrt< H bceaiHie the)  have i
to; because ahnoluti«in does wr work I
out any lunger to civilised i>nds.   Iim. j
jdu^tr.i .i.t i»ui .u.'.i* u,0uki« iu •hiMii.i i
their m-eti  with uiilliriltt'il power unit
»»<»'   ui'iicrfMi* <*'i'>un;ii  to tc- tru*»t**4;
wllli autoinii>.      That   Is the  p!«ln j
fact  of  tin-   iklttiatlon ' thi"  fsin'ttttil'
of ti.o Mln»rs' KeJeratlon   *,',   i,r*>H j w.„HOn wh> ,,rh.lt,. |niJlwtr> iuj, Sl<t ,.,'
Wrltflln whe«| th#>* mH In lmi»t >^| prepay liself for ilemocrati'' <<,irr„i
hsd;y under tlu* pixldwicy of  Mr.     , ,,„„., ,,„,„.„,, r„r m„ mm  ,„.,
Rtfuotss In Plary Irltlsn Pits
Ktiiiiioyment of Hslulaii retime*t in
ilritlsh mines was a question which
can.e before ibe Bxecutlvn t'ltiiiiil'i-e
Itofcirt Bmlllle.
llie ihnlrman rt»f*rr»d 10 rwmri* in
the Whitehaven i)»wsp»|M»r«, whidi
•latMl that a mtmlwr ol ll.-l»j)iii<. «in>
being employed ln out of th" lo<.il
pit*. CoiiKldeniblc feellnji iiad bn n
enaendered nmoun the mlnncs n'C»tt»<»
mt th<« ft,t\ iu,,-, i'i,*.* 1,*! »-*.,-) in t-*j
wajf coniuitnl, Th- itJtnmli'ef • \
lir***i*i\ tlieir itiifHl*-*' tItoi tn ».nh »
rfinterons oreitjist'nn. ami «**|K»«*!j.ltv
:it t-ueh ii.-rj euli'iiliH jim ttio'n* m
Whlttilinv ii, ItelBliiii ivinltini'n ntioiiitl
b* empioyrrf iinrtrruniiidil before J|,e
l.tdif'tm-.-tjl       ** , '    .-        ', 1|'Wil*,|1M».(i»       H4**  *,«       .M  i. '44      tut'
■■ 'Vy-A    n'    'i ■    'I "i ,
Tbt' vinmirMi'v win* it DiihiUt.i A.A      ^   mium   mn,   »,rW|„iMI[
thfl* m* WO «h.|i^tl.o« in lb- *•»•'•»?■ W ;, nfc^i,  fc,.a,^;. Hhru   iU. .,;
im.ni   of  IWtlan  wtiicri   In   ItrVinb Unm ot mn h,n,(, m N„t„ rst)gM, ,.
nxtrn *b*rt t!*r» wm n r-;*l «rnf«y ilo lh„ u,vt.i „t 4|w.«,wUm,  abW.
HtM in fnohixs    tb*r* t* aimoKt
iSutior unlon» an- f»rs<«*«'ltiK, inti Wk*-".t ,
or*wist- In lIlHr taetlc*.     I bnt.* •> -■ • r
"•••in n ,<u)lil(iil iJxmofmt> iJi.u . i ■ n-
f*i uniritif.ii ■prifhiNi;i*f»i,    It **•■ nn- in
i»«' nimiili  lliat the ittort *<* •hi'M ■..'•
unions u a* mtnh »h»" i«rk nf in-> .'
ih»itk an the fXt^nsion <<f eivU'xif'.dn '
It-jo (he mtitttrtenty   The onion-. „r»
»ti" tir*i 1**b1i* t'tfart '• "ir.'tii'i  "<
In 'ttsti'isi !uii*fii«   for 4ll«'iijOf niii   ..;♦.
Tic j   riMj   iiiii   tiiMiHil,   lm*   ii   tiny
•lou'i tti»ir fs:tur<"  will ne si ?ra*ie*!y *
('nr '-nll.Uiitii.iti. a. lm* of «i»«kp«r4iww,
i-ffort. a bslkttiK of *nttrtt% *n<1 ibt* 'it*
ins in Amtrtcan HI* et a cla»* *»r ic-
It a merchant could call at the home of every
one of hf» euttomer* and talk with each for five
minutes, he could materially increase his business; but figure out the time it would take!
Exactly the same result may be obtained by an
advertisement in this paper, It will go into the
homes and be read at a very favorable moment,
when the mind of the customer is not distracted
by other things. Tell your business news in the
advertising columns, If your announcements
are truthful and convincing, they v.-ill bring
, <M**mtt^rtn im. ■
| I* *i nmtt    i  .-|4f,f 'Wi '!,■
"tbe nbU* ot opinion nt* th* n»o*l|mi-»it «l(«t not inn%* ■:* *tmt*r «« th*
nrblrttnt. Thn wrlt-pr* ott th* *ob latbet ttotkm*h%ntployed and that lh»»
Jwi betor* thp war launilMl thf na-1 tr-f«l<* iinton r» in of wat** in tht* -1U
Umm Into thit *nr, tiermnm Mt
ltis-iin»i| Sn bur cour»f., Itm waiill It
wot ba*« lHmi'Mtar ha«l tb*v all afi-
irtrt wt-r* rt*tmtirtlt*A   lb* ituwrnt't^
lioh;ii-<l out. however, that tt *■** oh-
aoImi^K nn«»f«» to rmotor fh<wM» »«rb-?ff(1I, n(»
•jn'HU-d to the fcMtt* ol lb* iiaJioa#,|ii»Mi uuii»» tb»>>   *»«-r«- nt.tln tkt* not* > ^r,r(tm
mtl thw* l!*i»ff<r»»*l lb* JTne-w-1 <'t rtif|^rvl*><n i.f n  i*t*fr,*'-   *'r«  w/tor»iftM't,.
*j»r-H**t    for    -wsr?     <i«-rm»j.:    wasltbi- I'rftiA,, n*tu**?', titul V.t.e'.hb htn \t-to.tll«r *ir
wtrno, an«l ettor,! report nt fWst«i»!it«wn*>*. \ittbt-* *•*-'!
|«ff*ft1«« i*krtm tbt. bmtt" .    Tbt* n*i-,*tnr% tMr Thnum*. A«ktimO{ w tt,N«rf-'
Itttb* rltil nrtm*4Hr*  In MuK'n   **t
lhi*i> Is in MenJcrt, nr )«* sfifff*'- nn« mi
thf A*nt*rimr: rrnn*^r To «t}K«>t
tmlonisi*. Dun. t.» tbik »ub v*li<a
lantoaa* and »<rt  *m tbt* ^llVra-
a vMiiiii of .-tiMir tlm* trail"
T' *
,1-*     il * *tri»«,*it"s« nr* lor
'M'l'f.*    *\-,l,   *».*/■    r-lf.ll    t.1
trffit, tttir iifit'i-flf.t'i inn*'*.
<t*r»aiftii  mm nnvt*h>  risbi, btsi
»#*«rtli#I»*»   *be   «««   wwvfif, *mm
,-.t»nm** Mem Haiiy UoKwia*, Hmbnmt tbt ttonb* tttmob b».t*«,i ,,^  ... m. ... *.   ,,
•I* -n—AdSL-^ ■*,™"•, * iKtiguni. too. uo tmht, •** «-*ti»c*il|
nn* tnstructHi to r»ti tbo att*MbM ot|n»m.
US* It. ItiHwiyf*. t%*kt liitfotltii «f;    %tf:
1   tr
'Im }::,
thouth tb* f#li bereft fitarlff-t     tett't Htr****, *tt ibf* enf**,r *n r^n»«# t*ir *t*''*)f
Great Northern Railway
in i»ff« rtrta »'i»|«-<i:i*.*v *tttr»itit«»  rutunl  trii»    far«»«  frtmt
mini' HMIr.MIU,lll«'i< ,11    ,\<H    llmtlhH'U'Jt.    .N»»V*a   .HtVtfji!,
,*1n.'ii mt  ''|ii* in i .   .itv    I, mi uitlHl.    , U ,,    l»»»l»»U,    .it**-**,
ii*"J    .*'*■«    Vllfk,   «.'«»li ri!i»»   It'i,"   ii,ii.ij,l.*i   >«-HM»lt.
Tlrket* for at*ai» thlp 1* all KnroptRtn pofnt-t cm be
sfct red at depot.     	
Direct connections at Ktiford for East & West
Yo i wiil *i,l<iy «Si th» cimfoH of nrnt mo^rn railrrwid equip-
Bi#ut t'.*oiirf<NOtts an«i »ffn':riii ttrnpim** will wai* ymt trip
Anlere oun*i»*i*o s»t»«tbif»
t> v«t». ift un xnlH ,t\it*t.
*bmH mmmmknt* witb tb*
tum'ii maiiafErniMtitt
• *Oil4
*!».f ittmi ttgbt mmM i»»:
1     'i.»     t'lrl)-,     :i'l!     i'      ,-■     t*l
r.-r i-,ftitr *ri*or»Ttit»o*fi mply tn
J. I, OOI.I, Affent
Attn 4*» ►fcMHIK.H t   fhtm* ttlt '    '"   " H
t ■■«---*»^»i>^^
-——•;«••*- ri™——ir.—* 1——
OHMMMhI,"*'!****"*"    *
The Spirit of Christmas  Prevails  in Every Section  of
Pay-Day Specials in
Light Footwear
Slippers for Men Make an Acceptable Present
Lot us show you our extensive assortment of
these smart Slippers. Tliey will satisfy the most
tiiscr/iuin»tinjr taste. Below we quote a few of our
special lines.
.Men's Mocha Fur-lined Moccasin Slippers; regular .$8.00,     Special Pay Day price $2.60
Men's Mocha Wool-lined Mocassin Slippers.
Regular value, sfil.75.   Special Pay Day price $1.50
Men's all-wool, Felt Sole, Leather-covered Slippers.     Regular values, $1.25,   Special 95c.
Men's Black or Brown Alligator Leather Slippers, with leather sole. Regular values. $1.35 and
$1.50.     Special Saturday  $1.10 pr.
Hockey Shoes and Skates
Special for Saturday and Monday. Men's, Women's and Boys Hockey Shoes, with Skates attached.
Men's, regular value $6.00, Special $5.40 pair
Ladies', regular value $5.00, Special $4.40 pair
Boys', regular value $4.50. Special $4.00 pair
These prices are good only as advertised.
Ladies Coats
68 Coats go on stile Saturday with a cut of 25 per
cent off the regular price,
In this stock you will find'all the latest styles and
colors. Also some Black Velvet Coats beautifully
lined with colored satin.   25 per cent Discount.
Here is your opportunity to get your Winter Suit
at a very low cost. Wo have in stock nil the new-
eM styles. Colors: Navy, Green, Copcn, Brown
and black.   Sizes: 10 to 44.
Regular $42.50 to $50.00 Special $30.00
Regular **i5.00 to $37.50 Special $22.50
Regular $25.00 to $.'12.50 Special ., $18.50
A final cleariun'e of our complete «toi»k of Trimmed and ITntrimmed Hats al half priee.
Great Money Saving Values in
the Men's Dept. Saturday
Saturday is ever a money saving day in our Men's
department, & with prices lowest on so many articles
that are suitables for Christmas gifts, there will be no
doubt qf the attraction this Saturday will bring.
Mens heavy wool underwear, Good warm flannel
shirts, all wool sox and sweaters make very acceptable
and sensible gifts.
Flannel Shirts
This shirt represents our best
Flannel Shirt value.' Comes in
blue only with collar attached.
All sizes, 14i/o to 18. This shirt
will not shrink or fade, and has
'been our regular $1.50 shirt.
Saturday's Price $1.00
Here's Another Good One
Wool Shirts with collars attached, in green, gray and blue.
Worth, $1.50 and $1.75.
Saturday $1.25
Boys' Flannel Shirts
In navy flannel, with attached double collars.   Th^s shirt is
the best boys1 shirt made.
Our Saturday Price $1.00
Men's Heavy Coat Sweaters
Jumbo knit in good variety
of colors; shawl collars. Thc
very latest in Sweater Coat*.
Regular $4.50 and $5.00; sizes,
36 to 42.
Saturday's Gift Price $3.50
Men's Pull-over Sweater
lu navy blue. A sweater suitable for use in the mine.   Regular $1.50 value.
Special Saturday $1.00
Special Prices on Boys' Coat
]  Sweaters Saturday
 : ;—^
Wool Underwear and Sox
A beautiful ail-wool ribbed
underwear, in all sizes, will be
on sale Saturday at $1.75 suit.
Men's Fleece Underwear, in
natural colors. Special Saturday at   $1.00 suit
Au all-wool grey Sox, white
heel and toe, will be on sale
Saturday at 5 pair for $1.00.
This is Exceptional Value
Black Cashmere Sox in all
sizes on Sale Saturday at 5 pair
for $1.00 I
time.     Our Special Saturday Clothing prices will
place tlie best makes of hand-tailored Suits or
Ovewioats within the reach of all.
Special Saturday reductions in all Overcoats purchased Saturday or .Monday. Our stock is complete with nil that is new, and the original values
cannot be beaten.
Fine "Kavy~Berp_Suifs, also Brown Worsteds,
made in the popular three-button, single-breasted
models.    Regular values up to $16.50.
On Sale Saturday at  $12.50
Also a great variety of Single-breasted Suits in
imported Tweeils.    Regular values up to $35,00
On Sale Saturday at $15.00
Ladies'Cashmere Hose
All wool and full fashioned. Extra heavy aud
a splendid wearer. Sizes: 8% to 10. This is our
•Special 35c. line.
Pay Day Special
4 Pair for 91.00
He.Memm ifmE.
A 8|M*«-tttl lii»«* »f l-mli**" »i««l Chil-tlnm'* Hw**»t-
fin in all ""lor* nml niton.
felorday Special—One-third Off Regular Price
Dainty Handkerchiefs
Made from an fxlr.i fine quality nf Irish Linen,
hemstitched and prettily *t*mbroider*ed in one eomer.
Pay Day Special • SforSOe.
Handkerchief1 ia Boxes
Special value* 111 ladiesT hemsti Idled nntl em-
l.n>i.|« r«-d llamlkeivtitofit.    They are niwly got up
.,.*.»,, *»      1 .       ■ -
I „v    n,.9   .,    ...t-l.  mt,...   ...rn***-   ..   |»«*«»J>    *M1»   ********
• A'AAjjij., i*yj..-<.'..'.    JV^'v.* {#*•**< &i,m» Sk.bt*iiM-
Lsetheff -flood*
Wc arc nffi'l'itttf n .wjM'i'kl di*«"«»iint «»f 2T. f*r *•**»«•
off nil Imtbrr tlmtU, Laritf*' and flenta' Dilating
«W*. Hnwh and I'omh &t*. Meni-rur* *W*. Military Hair Brush**. Hand Mirnm. Hi*.
P*y Day-* ftt Om Off Regular Priew.
Corn Flakes, 3 pkages y..........    .25
Laurentia Milk, large size, 2 for    .25
Laurentia Milk, medium site, 3 for     .25
Braid's Beat Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs    .85
Honk and Glass Custard Powder, large tin ..   .25
Hunt's Apricots, 3 lb. tin 30
Hunt's Poached, 3 lb. tin 30
Evaporated Peaches, per lb 10
Cooking Pigs, per lb 10
Jam, Red Sea!, 5 lb. tin 50
Mince Meat, 2 lbs.  20
Brani Note, per lb. 20
Heinz Dilla, 2 doa.  ,.   ,8ft
Heinz Tomato Roup, per tin 10
Toilet Soap, assorted, * bars     25
Spwial Mlcinl Hulk Tea, 2 llw. .............   .70
Okanaimn Onions, 12 lba 25
Okanagan Carrot*. H lbs 20
Fresh Killed Dnckn. per Hi tl
Patent Medicine Specials
t'notttrin   tier hrtlll*
.~ttt.tt.iiiU i'-t-tttkieto ........
Hrrtit *« Emnltim. l-urg*- . .
!Wf. Iron *n«l Win*     .
IVps for Cold* ...  . .  ...
Oin Pills	
IVmxidc email	
Spocial prices ou Teddy Hears. These are extra
large sizes and strongly made.     Tliey all growl.
Regular $2.50, Pay Day Special $1.75
Regular $2.00, Pay Day Special  $1.50
Regular $1.75,Pay Day Special $1.35
Regular $1.50, Pay Day Special  .$1.25
Dolls!    Dolls!    Dolls!
Special values in Dressed Dolls, These aro all
jointed and go to sleep. Nicely dressed in the latest children's style.
Regular $2.00,Pay Day Special  $1.50
Regular $1.25, Pay Day Special , .$ .95
Toys All at 10c.
Bulls, Tea Sets, Picture Blocks, Paints, Whips,
Pistols, Trumpets, et-c.  •
Toys all at $15.
Animals on wheels. Books, Watches, Drums,
Drawing Slates, Tool Sets, Trumpets, Pop-guns,
A. B. C. Blocks. Dolls, etc.
Toys all at 25c.
. Checkers, Teddy Bears, Paints, Stuffed Animals,
Pistols, Tool Sets, Mechanical Toys and a lot of
other toys, too numerous to mention.
Hardware Dept.
Our Hardware Department is glistening with a
great display of Brass Goods, Silverware,'Out Glass,
Cutlery and Fancy China. Visit this department
and make your Christmas shopping easy.
All Brass Goods will be on sale Saturday
and Monday at HALF PRICE. This ii
your opportunity. Smoking Sets, Trays,
Tobacco Jars, Tea Sets, Vases, Jardineres,
Spirit Lamps and small ware of all kinds.
Our assortment of Cutlery is large and varied,
comprising the best known makes ranging in price
from $8.50 to $16.00 per set,
Silverware in "Community," or uRogers' 1847"
grades is jthown in a great variety of new patterns.
Here is where we shine. You hav* to see onr
stock to appreciate the assortment we are showing
in single pieces and seta.
Kitchen Chairs
Golden finish, embossed basks, double Rtretcher
racks.   Regular 70c, at .S0o.
Centra Tablet
Kmpire oak. finished early English; top 22 inches
square.    Regular $2.25 at .$1.45
Axminster Mats
Sise 27 * 54 j assorted patterns,    Regular $2.75
91  ************** **4***ett***t********at* *  ^mttew
Children's Orase Chairs
Very strong and comfortable:
Regular #3.75 at  .......,.,...., $9.60
Regular 42.25 at  $1.70
Children's Toy lata
Table and 2 Their*, fiiffshM in red.    Per aet $100
tttfl Wettx*** tor ■■HirMtnur £*''<.£ -Ww X-4,, W
Bring In jrnmr own pftfunw and ire will frame
them to suit.   Vou will find onr line of moulding!
*ttrmt*l*te wit-h -nr*r ttt ttealima tn f.-bnt.**'. f«v,v;.
In all atandanl flnialiea from $2.75 to $4J0.
A very suitable Christina* gift.
The Store of
Money Sav*
ing Prices
*   ,1 (
t   m'
tL    ,-
*   . ■«
4   Bl'
*   m/
m ^
' I    **
1 ^' ■^wi(*»*'!J1 '*«»*)«*,**'M'' "• *™-«™'T"


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