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The District Ledger 1915-01-16

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Industrial Unity Ib Strength
The Official Organ of Distr ict No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. ai, vol. vm,
/0e&7 ."r=
The Annual Qivic
. *
When. -Mayor Gates arose from his praiseworthy terms of the school trus-
chair in the Grand Theatre shortly j tee's work, alluding to the limitations
after eight o'clock on -Monday nlgld of the Council in regard to the allow-
he was confronted by a spa of smllltifj
races, exteudlug in -close berried ranks
from the front rows clear back to the
end of tho lower hall, where a line of
wall-flowers stood creel, -practically
ever:- Mai in the gallery was occupied
hence th1) term "a bumper house" la
quite ia order.
A wore jovial assemblage could not
be imagined. it seemed aa if the
spirit "Good time" had -been- burned
loose as raillery and badinage were
evidenced throughout the entire session. Tho only incident that temporarily disturbed Uie proceedings was an
extra hilarious individual who had paid
too .persistent -attention to John Barleycorn. This young man was courteously escorted to the outside. -
HIb Worship stated that he felt convinced the citizens would recognize
that during his two years In office lie
had, conscientiously endeavored to fulfill th-? promises made before election,
and now. when he was relinquishing
(he relne of off-Ice it was his intention to keep up a lively interest iii
municipal affairs. At the conclusion
ot his abort speech he 'explained the
reason that the full financial report
was not forthcoming was due to the
auditing having only been completed
on the -Saturday -previous, hence the
short time at the- disposal of the printer prevented the completion of the
balance sheet in time to present to
the electorate. -Ji L. tben atated that
it had heen amicably arranged- by the
two candidates for tMayor that each
should have an allowance of twenty
miin-utea,' followed by- five minutes
for answering queistlong. Thomas'JTBi
"hM to €e flrs^ap&ker^
At tbla point Dave Rees arose in
the gallery and asked, permission to
speak. . '•fltijtf-helngf granted, he said
that' aa;%; t^;$itimfrM$&V, cij£
colatod in Northern Alberta that
Fernie mines needed from 1600 to 2000
men many were deceived, and upon
arriving' In the city found themselves
Itv' in « wofn) plight He asked that tbe
mayor would take Immediate steps to
havo tMs Injurious rumor contradicted. Tbls tbo mayor promised to do,
and then called upon
Thomas Uphill to address the gathering.    Upon advancing to the front
of the platform, Alderman Uphill was
most heartily applauded, tbls eubsld>
lag, be atated that thia wae his third
appearance before tbe electorate   of
Pernie, asking their suffrage twice as
Aldorman, and opon bis record in that
capacity bo sought the -honor of being
electod to tbo higher office of Mayor.
Two reports were being assiduously
circulated for tbe purpose of showing
tbat he was not in the best position
to fulfil tho duties—firstly, tbat because of his connection In an official
capacity with a labor union tbe tendency of hH aotlons would he to Kbow
a preference to those who wore union
men to tbs detriment of tho otber
ratepayers,    -To tbla charge bo replied tbat no union man desired special privileges orer any other Individual
sad that bis motto, If elected, wonlS
be td deal fairly and squarely with
every one reg-ardlesa of his affiliations. To tbs second contention that
m his capacity of Msyor he would b«
placed in an embarrassing poeition
should a stoppags Uke place at ths
end of March when the agreement hetween the miners and the company expires, ho atated that tf elected, and
such a contingency should arise, he
could -promlss most emphntioally no
eitra policemen would be employed,
but the eltliena *now, as well as he
did, that no matter who wsa In the
executive chair, if It were downed ae*
c«esary no hesitation would bo shown
by the parties interested in celling
apon the Attorney (leoeral lo Uke
cbarte of the situation, and this woald
forthwith ho done.
Reference was made to promises
given, and an allusion to the building
of an arcade under the fl. ti,. track
brought forth • boarty burnt of laugh*
ance for the school owing to the government restricting the outlay to
four and- a half mills, whereas this
was inadequate, he closed a well
tounded address by promising careful
und economic administration of the
City's funds und due consideration cf
any grievance presented to him. He
took his seat amidst a salvo of applause from all sides.
Wm. J. J. Morrison, who was warmly acclaimed upon stepping to the front
of the platform, paid some very nice
com-pliments to his opponent, Uphill,
but felt fully confident that he (IMorrison) would be elected Mayor. Stated
he would at all times be ready to hear
grievances and urged those who wish
to criticize not to do so on the outside,
but to present the case to him. He.
said lie believed -"In a fair day's wage
for a fair day's work," and when asked
by a gallery questioner what he considered a fair day's wage replied $3.00
a day. -.When Interrogated on the band
question'and his attitude regarding
e-irae, the speaker did his utmost to
avo'd making n direct answer, but
his cateehist would not be satisfied
and finally Jlr. Morrison replied, "I
believe tli&t the City Rand should be
given preference."
The 'Mayor then called upon
-H. E. iBarnee. This candidate believed in a reduction of tbe water rate;
band money should be divided equally between the two 'applicants; expressed gratification tbat the three
School Trustees had been - re-elected
by acclamation. - S- ■
•Mr.-Win. Bird annoM-^p'd^ljnself as
Alf Budden, a thorough student of
^Socialist philosophy, a pleasing speaker and a ready debater, will deliver
an address, Sunday night, next in the
Hall of the Fernie Local of the S. P.
of ii. Subject: "The Last Stand of
As is customary in these gatherings
questions are requested, therefore it
is hoped that the speaker may be furnished with an opportunity to explain
any points upon which there is obscurity iu tliu mind of the student.
The dictionary definition of "dualism" is "The doctrine of Two Gods, a
good and an evil one." -This is not the
definition that Budden gives tbe «'ord,
but iu order to hear his inceri.reta-
tlon suggest tlmt those wishing enlightenment on the subject should be
in attendance at the Pellatt Avenue
Hall at 8 o'clock, Sunday, Jan. 16th.
To those individuals who are sincere opponents of the philosophy of
Socialism a most cordial invitation is
extended' when they will be afforded
every courtesy to point out the fallacies (?) of the doctrines of 'Marx,
Kngels, Dietzgen, et al.
marks by aome -witty stories, and said
Dave Rees Gomes Back
To the Editor, Distirct Ledger.
Dear Sir,—In replying to my friend
Bro. Loughran, who so ably espouses
the system of elections in Great Britain, I am forced in t-lie first place
ape -J-fhn in some respects.
In spite of the fact that the st:
ment I am about to make may
considered good "after election do^e,"
nevertheless I must confess that .for
the next few days; if not week* 1
cannot conscientiously give this
bate the,attention it deserves. Tl
lines I am writing ln the "wee
hours," having had a busy day at'
ing to the Interests of my fellow
However, to quote John, "I will
pense with preliminaries and get do
Don't overlook that this dance will
take place Saturday night at 8 o'clock,
witb -Mr. Allen's Orchestra furnishing
the music. Gents 50c; Ladies, single
tickets, 2Sc, each, or 50c. for one
The following letter, characteristic
of Dave Logan, has been received by
a well-known Fernie resident. The censor has deleted the name of town from
where letter was sent
"-British Expeditionary Jutce,
,    .    "France, Dec. 24, 1914.
"Dear George,—Just a note to say
that we arrived here a day or__tgjQ.
ago and am spending Christmas Eve
         o.    ...   In a barn listening to tbe -Germans
!f..i,ef}e-- ^1.^3:1° Ule b°Bt &"lng a showe'r of Christmas presents
by the air route, and by tbe sofind of
Interes/ et ,cm concerned
E. L, BrooUs^Javors reduction of
^teMsb*', ^ttu3^preseftt;rate ton*
high; said ir elected would give municipality benefit of bis knowledge of
•building construction1, and likewise
serve tbem in other ways to tbe best
or bis ability. »
William Jackson, in offering himself
for' re-election, stated that he bad
worked faithfully in the Interests of
the ratepayers, paying particular attention mn member of the -Fire, Water
and Light -Committee to tbo dottles of
his Office. In bla opinion thought
that the -water rate could be lowered
by an allowance of 15 to 20 per cent
With respect to the band question
be was opposed to any contribution
being made from the City treasury to
either of the two applicants. Asserted that he was responsible for the cut*
ting off of tho water for sprinkling
purposes during the summer at 8
o'clock as it was necessary to conserve the water supply In order to
be prepared tor an outbreak of fire.
Bd. iMarsbam stated that this was
the flrat timo he bad ever -been a can*
didate hut would do hia boat,
if. Corllle called attention to tho
possibility of accidents arising from
a passing train at the new subway.
Spoke eulogistlcally of the City Engineer and City Electrician; thought
a reduction could be effected In tho
rates for light and wstsr.
Win. Roblchaud waa most vociferously received upon stepping forward,
ut the major portion of his speech
as inaudlblo because of the hubbub.
One sentence heard brought down the
bouse, when he said "I don't promise
yonn —of a lot!"
Aubrey Snow was exceeding caustic
In hia observations regarding tbo conduct of some of the aldermen, both for
the sins of commission and omission.
Robert Walton was tbs last candidate to speak, promising to look after
tbe Inlereata of the ratepayers.
W. h Phillips having obtained permission of the chair spoke on the importance of every Worker using his
best Judgment In selecting tbe Individual to represent tbe municipality in
Uie waiting term,
Candldatei) Mcllean  snd  Graham.
,., ?,»« '.U m.ti'.*.t9%*tr. . j*** ***** *** <**< mt re-eteouon, were
ttt* ' ftt*ror*tl teHnrllmi ht Uir- ' i-lf-tirlc I'Mv.^aii-iw ly liti-k nlmnnm.
liybl chattel.  With reference to the
thluju getting .-bags .ftilll&^tfaferJ.. X
expect"we'Will" get a'closer acqftint-
ance with them In a few daya.
Well, I am tbe only one of the B. C.
contingent that has got this far, tbe
rest of thorn, are still crushing mud on
Give my Christmas compliments to
Mrs. Jennings and Leslie, and all tbe
boys, and on the night of Jan. 15tb at
10 p.m., hoist a big one and send me
the bill.
Well, when Jou hear of the P. P.'s
being in action you can say that tbe
Germ-buns got a run for their money;
because they are the toughest bunch
tbat ever donned uniform.
Tell .Mac to give my regards to liis
missis and tell MacR— he is a "big
stiff," as lie never sent me.a line.
I only got as far as London.for a
few days. Some burgh, all narrow
streets and blind alleys.
I bad a letter from Wardner aud It
said times were ve^y bad.
Weil, so-long, George, till you bear
rrom me again,
With'best regards and all the compliments of tbe season,
I remain,
Your Old Pal,
ed to let tbe readers-judge as to the
merits or demerits of the respective
systems o-f elections, particulars of
which may be gathered from my first
letter aud John's reply. Still, there
are, a few matters mentioned in my
friend's last letter which I wish to
briefly comment upon. First, he stat
e's, "Xo trade union official in Great
Britain, or any other country that I
know of, is elected for life." Then in
the next few lines we read, "In fact
there is no limit to his term of office,
This statement appears a little ambiguous, and John has discovered a
distinction without a difference. We
all know that a man could not expect
to retain office if. he constantly neglected his duty to those who engage
htm. Nevertheless, I Imagine that a
system such as ours, or periodical
elections is better for the reason that,
simple though my friend makes lt
appear to recall an officer in the old
country, Englishmen inform me that
in their experience they have found
it as hard to remove -an official as it
is to impeach and recall a judge in
the United States whete they are el-
the Distriot last time, and also bearing in mind the geographical area our
District covers, if only the candidates
for -President and Secretary were allowed said privilege the cost would be
such that our membership would be
tem-pted, l fear, to accept the "elected
for life" system.
. We should remember that the glib-
tong-u-c-d orator is not always the best
oliicer, and if the "stump the Local"
system was adopted all you would
have then would be a political candidate's promises. Hence, I do not know
that we would be much farther ahead.
True, our election system'in District 18 may be far from perfect, and
ri&ht hero let me state that this dis-
.CiiesJon could not take place at a more
uqejtime, inasmuch as if somg
i or persons can suggest a better
$Jan-, -notwithstanding  the. fact  that
to business." ,-j bis'.resolution   may   not .be   in   one
Personally I am more oAess satisfy jngRth .prior to the Convention, if a
Moses can be found that can write us
■bjjjtter commandments let him introduce a special resolution to that effect in the forthcoming District Convention.
Brother-John states that during the
year the officials have had occasion
to "visit all IMPORTANT Locals." K
he means by "important Locals" large
Locals, then I wish to add they have
also visited many unimportant locals,
and I feel the membership would not
have it otherwise. In fact the cry is
for more frequent visits.
Then Bro. John very truly states
he takes a "squint" at a few of the
methods adopted previous to election
day. Had my friend opened both eyes
and not "squinted" at the matter he
would have noticed that this system
was. In vogue when ex-President J. E.
Smith was in office, and even before.
Further, whilst the writer has no desire to shield himself behind others,
it may be stated with all truthfulness
that the parties conducting our paper
have repeatedly inquired as to the officers' movements. It might be sain
by, narrow-minded persons that ibey
John next states: '.'IfwIH agree the
system he refers to makes it easy, to
recall a man .... yet said system
gives greater security to,the man who
Js .jiotjirally adopted toiM-he position
•      '*-. '       "A
To my mind the man who is "naturally adapted" has no occasion to
alarm himself 'when election day
comes around, for as I stated in my
Inst letter, even tlie Western Canad
Ian roughnecks bave sufficient Intelligence to return to office those who do
their duty fairly well. Even Oro.
Loughran has been more than a week
lu office, and tbere are several men
In tbe District who have been re-elected to tbelr respective offices many
Tben my friend states "... all of*
fleers, except District President and
District Secretary are elected or reelected annually,"
That may be so In some organisations, but I am positive it was not the
system with the South Wales miners a
few years ago, and I "hae ma doota"
as to whether even the British -Miners'
Federation have elections for their
respective agents annually even now.
Our friend then cites tbe .point that
If certain offices become vacant and a
candidate gets sufficient nominations
he,may stump the Looals at the expense of ibe organisation. 1 feel euro
practically all our members will agree
with me when I stato tbat sucb method will not be adopted for many
years to come, tf ever, In this District.     Having in mind that wc had
The familiar strains of "•It's a Long
Way to Tipperary" breaking upon our
our ears, we made a rush outside to
ascertain the cause, and upon reach-
Victoria Avenue discovered a lar^e
crowd of citizens surrounding th.> Coal
Creek Hand outside the Miners' Hall.
When tlie music ceased the newly
elected Mayor stepped to ihe center
making a very neat, brief speech,
thanking tho citizens for the honor
they hud bestowed upon him, and re-
itrriitiug the statements made at the
public meeting; that his every effort
would be to put Into practice the promises given. '"You have reposed confidence in mc and I say to you, with all
sincerity, that it shall not be misplaced, I may make mistakes, because yon know to err is human, and
;i!l (liar 1 ask is tint you'll not judge
me harshly if I do uot come up to your
expectations; one thing I shall endeavor to do my duty and treat every
one fairly, showing favors to none but
justice to all."
At. the conclusion the Band once
imiiii! hogan to play, this time "Auld
Lang Sync," many of the bystanders
adding their voices io swell the strain.
Workers of America. "Tommy" has
been a resident of the town for some
years and has earned the respect and
esteem not ouly of his own class,
which is evidenced by his repeated
election to the position of secretary,
but that of the bulk of the business
men In the City of Fernie. Wc wish
him every success in the responsible
office he has secured.
■We append! the figures of the
respective candidates, making no com
ment t'-.trcca, but allowing thc figures
in  speak   for  themselves.
for mayor
i;piii-ll. t    233
Morrison, W. .1. ,1     172
Majority for Uphill         61
JAiTK-SON. Wm  228
IJARXliS, 11.  K  225
M-AltaH-AM. L'I)  224
(IILVHAM. S  204
SttYHOlUlM),  Wm  171*
Above were elected
Mi-I-Umu  1(511
Mini        HO
Carllie          127
Walton      127
K::ow        115
Thos. i'phill, who has topped tho
poll for aldermauic honors for two
years in succession, and now secured the position of Chief .Magistrate
of the City of Kernie, is secretary of
Gladstone Local, No. 2314, United Aline
Information Is received from the
hospital that Thomas France, who was
injured by the recent explosion at
Coal Creek, is making rapid progress
toward recovery, and it ls expected
that he will be able to return home
in a shoit time. We all hope so.
Tommy, old boy, and that in the very
near future you'll be as firm on your
"pins" as a trivet.
A unique drawing Is to take place
at the Waldorf on Saturday night next
at 9 "p.m., when a real live Toddy bear
will be the prise.  Some prise sure. | a contest for every salaried position In
of the kind, however, I am convinced
that the broad-minded individual will
bo satisfied with sjich an "election!
dodge," because I don't bbink y-ou can
Jtnow too much., of. yoatr;Offlcera^.;do*
ings. The membership should..even
further concern themselves as to what
the officers are doing when thoir
movements do not appear in tbe Ledger.
Tben John says "tbey bow and make
their exit."
Let me remind everyone that the
present Is a time when all ahould look
for entrance doors. We have a task
beforo us which your officers are not
unmindful of, and let me assure you
they are not looking for exits, hut
solidify our ranks that we shall at
rather attempting at this time to so
least appreciate the position we are
I sincerely. trust our brother will
not misconstrue tho appearance of tbe
photographs or the successful officers
In last week's Ledger as part of tbe
"bowing and exit," as thia has been
customary since the paper waa started, and by way or explanation may
atate tbat It Is not don« to advertise
the beauty of our physiognomies, but
rather that the membership at large
may more readily recognize an officer
when meeting him in the various
camps. As a means of detecting their
movementa it should   be   Invaluable.
Our friend tries to make a dual
point-—I, e„ that of bringing forth after
mountains of labor an unemployed
scheme, and money wasted and energy spent la stumping Locals,
(CesllsMeS ea Pec* femti
Inquest on Mine
■ • ■ *       ■*
Mspectifr Evans
Call for the Twelfth Annual Convention of
District 18, U. M. W. of A.
water rate, he thought that a discount
siiowsnee for prompt payment wns ad-
vinabte. ,
rwt-.,   tr   •»-«-"(   r.ry; 1,1  «:-,;,**,
toey ho did Mt approve the Issuance
of any debentures nt this time, hot
considered that economy coupled with
efflcteaer ebooM be the order of the
Voles from tho gallery: mow shoot
the band?" * .   ' -
T» this nuestltm the speaker retflM
tb*t as be retarded tbe money centri
battd waa tohe btld by tbe council at
a tnsst, and that la his opinion tho
tstertttr of tbe people would ho loot
•nbssrvsi by ea equal division beta*
made. Another question was asked
reganttnr tbt etdtwsflr contract by
ooe who hod placed In a Wd tmt failed
to secure the work. After spaeWng In
If at any time you are both hmiw
»****. »*m«t*, *****  «•->*> tMU IMttt MMI'-ll*
tions ean be readily attended to by
a call at the ndw cafe In tbe Waldorf
Hotel. Qnlck service, food the best,
and tnetcen-fd cooking It tho motto
of this new gastronomic Institution.
If wo sre from Missouri one mil w'»f
prove the truth of the shove statement The monnK*m*nt bar*- nine fit-
ranged it portion of the dining room
eo thit parties eau have alt the prtv-
eey they desire, end two roomy, private
akovts have been erected in -one corner ef tie dining nom. The -cafe
shonM appeet te these who tmlr* n
late aopper after theatres or eater-
tnfnment* snd wltl undoubtedly be ap-
preeieted ty aM»y.
To the Offioen and Members of Dirtrict 18,
■■ %
Ton are hereby notified that the Twelfth Annual Convention of Diitrict 18 will be hold in
the LABOR TEMPLE, LETHBRIDOB, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 10th, 1915, commencing at 10 o'clock
in tite forenoon.
Utmt ddtogg-t* nr delate* nre jMirtlrtflariy rrgiiwU'd, ii'Lt* WwJ»i«i Ji*il»*> TutJuii, to pur-
chase § Single Tlckot tnd Mk the Agent to furnish a Standard Certificate This is most essential
at arrangement for reduced return faros eannot be made unless a infficient number of Standard
7-£»*U£aU* U tti^Miau.
We would mjwctfully refer yon to Proviiioni embodied in the International Constitution,
alio Art. 7, Sectioni 1, % 3 and 4 of District Constitution which fully explaini matters pertaining
to the Convention.
Enclosed yoa will find Credential Foriu* and you are requested to forward the original to
Diitrict St-erttary-Trearattr not later than February 10,1015.
any ot tbe party being by Mr. Caufield, wbo gained a point approximately 285 feet frqm tbe mine mouth, McFegan at that time being 25 to 30 feet
behind, tben Adamson, wbo wss about
tbe Hatne distance behind -MoKegan.
Mr. ftvans brought up the rear, 30
feet or more separating bim from
It was at tbls time that Mr. Kvans,
who was tlio only member of tbe party
equipped with the type of apparatus
known as the "helmet-typo" (tbls style
permitting vocal communication!
while the other members were all
equipped with the mouth-breathing
type, commenced tu Usuo warning to
the advanced members of the party
In view of their being so widely separated. After those bad been repeated two or three times by deceased, Adamson, who was nearest to
him is alleged to have taken bis own
mouth plt'ic from his mouth, thereby
dlssHtroiiKly nf feet ing tho efficiency of
tho apparatus, to ascertain definitely
what K vn tis wns trying to communicate. Adamson was immediately
thereafter overcome by the gaa. Rvana
than l««ued tin- alarm to the remaining membt-rs, who hurriedly return
ml, .tin! -a mil- tliu utret) mere laboring
with Adamson trying to remove bim
from t!;r death !..-!rii .tiluoupber-u, butii
I'lvnn* iiiid Caufield collapsed, aod M« -
FVgan, fitllns tho effects of over-eser-
tion, lufi fgr tlii; out»id«*» where be ar
rived in a semi-conscious condition, fcc
was promptly revived by the puhnotor
find told of thc others coming to gri-ef,
A rescue parly w»* illspatirhed at once,
tlif firm member ot which, on finding
tin- *trl€-4»'!i Jiu-a uimt»rV"il bath Kvaii*-
and .VlrntKWi promlna p-Hlfui!}, hii
being tinablf lo remove either of tbem
!ilf>n«\ ri-tiiritoo.il. ft nil ouvm m.*-i'tt»jt '»-
"That the deceased, Evan Evans,
died on -Saturday, the 2nd Januftry,
1915, trom asphyxiation caused hy the
Inhalation of noxious gases, the result
of an explosion in B North Mino at
Coal Creek, H.C., white on an exploring party after said explosion.
"This Jury, however, are of the opinion that had the Instructions contained in the British Columbia Aline Ites-
oue Course been strictly adbered to,
thore -might not bave been any mortality.
"This Jury would particularly emphasise the necessity of a reserve rescue crew at work at the pit mouth,
properly equipped in all csmon ot rescue or exploration work, and also
tbe necessity of all members of rescue or exploration parties travelling
in a body and keeping within touching
distances of one another.
"From the evidence adduced tbls Jury
doos not find any party or parties can
bo held responsible for tho death of
the deceased.
"B. K. STKWAitT, Foreman
"fl. GRAHAM,
",r. p. MAfinnvAi.r>.
"H. H. BARNB8,
The foregoing verdict was brought In
shortly after five o'clock ou Monday
afternoon after the Jury had heard evidence in two sessions which required
almost a day and a half- Their deliberations consumed ait hour's time
At tho preliminary «om1wi of tin' in
<|iit«*t hold on Jan. iird, as previounly
reported, five witnesses wer* call-ml
nnd this cvliJcncu imidt-d to alio*- tlmt
In tbe opinion of somo tlie »'K|ilariii«
ofib*inlaoMiMNinarieritM>ekplo*ioii|,n^.Amln|| |mrH. oM(,|„w, „ „,„„, ,m
waa aomewhat premature. At it..- - .„ , >JiMkr d(|i, r„lulMwi CmU„M
final session H Cmifieid. coiiu-ry ? a,„ ,,,,„ tHm, tmmi , m tm B#NMW
manager. In defence of this* brongbf _ ,„ ,u„ 1||ilw ,„„„-„,„, ,,„ ,,,irlftr hwr)
forth a very icii>i>iable -.wgumi.-ut Unit
(he evjiloiMtlmi wiih iie«i'»H.irj In vU*x
ot Ihe fart that ih« assumption oi a
....   «. «..i, ,..„ ... .1,,  it...* i Ai.t.i'.itl **i;u>
'• ■•     • ■ iM  v   ,;..', .*; ,v-.-....■   ,.,
Fraternally yonn,
W. L. PHILLIPS, Pntddent.
A. J, OARTKB, See-Trees.
nw-rlooked on tl**- fir«i trip   Ventlelrt
*.»» fior|h*,th ifinwK-1 by tbe r»wu«»
♦ I***,-*'*-    -,*'!*-■',•*  ♦!,).  ■*,»**.    '*.,.,.     *- ,*,*.'- *>
iV.  He»lc«'thl efiuli-m*'"* -uph ttvttiWd'
• ontiimeil on lo AolamKMi and K-rsn«
mine wax waled m*.   .U Ih tM'J»<<. J, for „ wt,0B<l „„„,      m „rMm Mii
If no fire did *«».» It would be fw>H.h'll|W, Kmi„ hmi ,r4wa monition, at*
to adopt measures nnwasarr to estin-' MO„duj( ll(,. h„,m(,, ^placed, tie*.
fulfill same, beeanso it wonM be lie ' kt>ih  ilMl^4 „w„ >m>(   -.„,„ ,„,„ ,
•   "'• *■•- wV -1' •*■«••*•« ""*-! and turned on more ovyjt-en.    ||<< u*.t.
for a period of one month at le«»', „,„,.„, ,h„ ,.ar„ ,.>1M„f M Mltm
when by the very simple means of a' mn*# fwf<, „„,, mMll lltt „,„ ^^
party equipping Itself -with •••«•««»• | lie was then ohllncd to wlern ortaMe.
talned breathing apparal»m and a ■ wJlt>„ VBry ^m^ af!t,r trw ttTHi. n
short Journey underground would; m(,S( Adamson anil Kvans were roam-
prove ihe enact eondftlon In thl* r* '   , ,.„ ,.,,,,„
*lmt- The deceased, in -rommen with tb**
Till-  t*niir«><   n i-i  i-lrtp-v-f.   .'I-!  '!i   . ...u..-..,  „,  u,,. *-t, urm-'in   mbltb pr.-
j pany coimiailng ut W, McFe«an, ovi-r-« vailed    when   Adamson   wocamb****).
jm« of II. Xorth Mine; H Caafield. It., Aver' tf rf*d ih*ni-)»u***, wbkb if *-ph*
j Adamaon and K, Kvant ldeeeased>,en-|ftTiiieir for » iuffuieut H*i»*th ol Urn*-
tured tbft ailae.     Tbe flrat stop wasjwmild tnditr*- unconsciousness.   Wbe»
(mide at tb* first 4>f<t*#-<«t, a tlntntif ^Unim tell bis brtrntt became dttptae-
tot IM t**t from lb* *etrr. nerl -in tr,   ul. f*>.uWkU^.* iW nm u* enter nm
jspection made.     McFegan and Can- j lungs,
f field, after tho party had had a short     Over-exertion   applies   at   welt   to
rest at this point, then went tn ad > (Wield who. I» itinnn fv* 4o«*-
vance, the farther dfatance made hy I        ttmmm§ fnm w> M :?.?,, T-*. , *y(i-
/-■.«\ ••---
Analysis oj
A Pro's
History From
Standpoint ,./.
The prevailing question driver, to
the fnre bv the European Araeg? i-lon
is the iiuestlon of the Economic Interpretation of History. The perverted public press and other nuxilaries
hove presented to the people a well
defined statement of the cause of lhe
present war from the bourgeois viewpoint An ideal, not an economic
t.-use, we are informed by those stung
by tlie economic interprttation, was
ihe coirpelling force beb'ud poor little
'Jelg-ium ami decadent Austria, not for-
gouin? England, with all br-r ,ove for
poor, suffering humanity engaged in
fi:-. : orrible h.unan butchery
I'liilerlying il.e surface o:' ihe trou
bled, waters is a hidden treasure that
nny \i* the hear future bubble to tho
top, .-larify an! corrobiiatii'-^ the hi-i-
tovi":>i works of the Marva and Kngels.
.Tiie inmates of the industrial kennel
have been in late years howling for
work and food, but thev international
dog <Oa,pital) pronouncing unathema-
tlc-illy that if >ou pups don't keep quiet
und stay in the quarters I have prepared -for you "I'll kill you!"
History repeats itself again and
again. The laws that governed the
moving force in every historical epoch
have been purely and simply economic.
-Tho startling news of a German attack on the east coast of England has
come before our notice and that hundreds have been killed and wounded.
Underneath this announcement is the
remarkable statement that since tliis
attack many recruits have joined the
I recently read an account in one of
our patriotic farm journals orthe superior deluding powers of the British
Admiral (Jelllcoe), how he disguised
his war ship during war manoeuvers
and sailed amidst the opposing fleet
unobserved. I do not mean to say
that this applies to the force that
stimulated recruiting. We can never
tell. Of course the best laid schemes
ot mice and men gang aft agley." I
uiul'-stood the <*.■.•: mtn fleet was bottle-.; i.u In the North Sea. Pe.-ha^a
Mie Idt-al created the economic in tiii.-s
Xo well informed Socialist can
ascribe every thought,.action and ideal
lo the cconomi" impulse, but this Aon,
not alter the fact that mass action has
for its base the economic force.
Science has laid bare the fact that
prehistoric uge. lie had no Idea of
good or bad*, Cod and the Devil, -ideas
have grown witb man just like his
limb?. They have from time'to time
changed with new discoveries und In-
M'it'oi,>.. Dwelling upou "trees was
Ute result of an Impulse to avert tlie
e.uiger of attack from wild and carnivorous aulinalB. The power of mutual aid and the ukc of the club swept
prehistoric innn's surroundings of the
imlw'il'-i that threatened his life. The
I'llscnvery of fire added greatly to liis
■>-c nis of subsistence, which naturally
developed that Infinitesimal portion cf
grey matter. Henceforth -he discarded tree dwellings and lived on tlie
land near rivers or along the sea coast.
Ideals, moralH, actions, forms of the
I'linilly, urt. Institutions and religion
all ci- mired sti-p by rtep from the inan-
tier In which mail got his living and a
better conception of the forces of
SelMiiiMi.-itio'i ul trilled, dlvisln'! nt
territory, drove num to tliat horrible
ti'lbiil bunting grounds, scarcity of
uaiiie, iniruachiuent on each other's
winie of kill! kin: kin:
Wurs fought' after the Inception of
s'.uwry were fnr tlie sole purpose of
aocurliiit i-apllvtw to be used as slaves
lo i;»kuiiC(i the put-MiiH of the *l*atrletun
Tlie Impulse that moved the slaves
in revolt against the Itomali Kmplre
under I'nlus, Bpartacus and Dramaklus
wns tbe outcome of oppression and a
1'eo.lri- for lllierty and freedom, but as
iti*- ---•onoinic |»ower of tbe Korann
»(.(((• was superior the slaves were sup-
itodcfil and thousanda met nn untimely death.
The undent llrftons formed tbem-
m-Ivcs into little village communities
mid -for je«r« practiced their rommun*
Utle t'.rttie*. Tliey had their wheelwright*, tifortumltbx and carpenters
inrvisitf the tools i« lie used upon tbe
tiiwth.innl lands, In exchange for
•ii«h too!* the handicraftsmen were
i-iij,i,i(.«<s  *k itis fooii   clothing, ebelter
fctMi raw
;■»;.* 'it, -j^rtually and wai under tke
■tH>'isttifr<hlp of the village wnnell of
''ww     The -commoners built a cue-
•'■>■-. r'T?!**'<-.| if and pl«*'i»d the chief
s •-! hu family t<» he on ibe watch for
■i;\»''**r* xmt wim Ibe people of an Itt-
\i      M ii   (*' V    •-ir-t-rrcrn
•'-.*-. .'.iji'i! 'ip-i'i the sape-rs-tltlon and
•:i*rir:itiif at tbt* ■rtmmiinttrn. making
bl* position permanent, then heradl-
i*« v. nnd ultimately aeeured full rtfthtd
powerful influence of the guilds on the
Feudal authority mustered for the merchants a free hand that proved a pow.
erful fetter to the future social element maturing in the womb of the old
order. The handicraftman (the <Capi-
talist in embryo) now organized into
guilds, ushering in the economic struggle between the two guilds and the
land lords, ending in the wholesale
butchering of hundreds of thousands
of the innocent and ignorant.
The hand tools thrust into the army
of a gigantic machine producing commodities in place of goods, rent the
bonds of Feudalism and by chloroforming the workers with the idea of liberty and freedom, the overthrow of
the Feudal system was complete.
The Capitalists having overthrown
the poiver of the Feudal aristocracy,
are now in possession of the State.
Free to expand, free to eliminate every
obstacle, the discovery of the route
to the Orient, the invention of the
steam engine, brought a reign of prosperity. But. alas! in order to exist
Capitalism must find new fields, and
as this worjd is limited the end of
the profit system is a foregone conclusion.
Kfforts have been made to reacli
.Mars and Jupiter, bnt both are yet unassailable. The moon is covered
with craters and deep chasms, and
nothing can be found at the Xorth and
South Voles, consequently the death
of Capitalism is inevitable!
In by-gone days when a crisis appeared from a glut in the market of
surplus lonimoil.'tics a great ca;l for
missionaries were niirin to explore
new lauds and if possible civilize its
hermit peoples and educate them to
the use of .European customs. If '.he
Bible and the missionary failed to accomplish the desired task then fifteen
inches of steel was pushed down into
tlie gizzard of the heathen civilized
him at the same time opening up a
new market for the steady flow of tin
soldiers, rum, snuff and other wares.
Walter Alberta Samuel -Hewlns,
M.A., secretary of Tariff"iComn»ission
and teacher of modern economic history^ London University, 1902-1903,
makes «the following Statement in the
Encyclopaedia Britannica:
"In modern times the conditions
which have made economic science
-possible have also made it necessary.
Economic Interests so govern .the life
and determine the policy of modern
states, the other forces like those of
religion and politics seem to play only
a subsidiary part, mortifying here and
tl'cre the view which is taken of particular (luestions but not changing ln
any important degree the general
course of their development."
Our modern economists are corroborating the works of Marx and
Engels and fully endorsing historical
materialism. ,
■The short outline of history 1 have
given here is merely for the purpose
of conveying to the mind of those iii- j
toxicuted with Capitalistic teaching |
that Socialism explains history from a
working man's point of view. The
present war is nothlug but a concoction of the powers to murder the workers. Mass movements of Germans
proves this. Market is another consideration and profit the necessary out
come.—GEO. PATON.
 . _ n—
memory and sleep are seriously disturbed, and there may be torper, low
will power, and. even characteristic
psychoses. Other troubles are listed
•by the author of the article as follows:,
"As concerns the circulutive system
we note palpitations, syncopes, toxic
angia pectoris (False angina pectoris),
and a very characteristic an-emla
(which often attacks cooks in this
form). The digestive apparatus does
not escape;-dyspepsia ie present. . . .
Somo authors have admitted- that
chronic oxycarbonism may be the origin of pulmonary tuberculosis. (Besm-
. "Tbe danger of such cases of poison-,
ing. is doubled -by the fact that they
are often misdiagnosed, -the symptoms
being infinitely variable and diverse,
and the' attention being rarely enough
attracted to a cause of peril which
acts in. most cases only with extreme
slowness. The treatment should be
symptomatic above all, and its most
important feature consists tin removing the subject from the action of,the
Jt may be remarked that the "coal
gas" which often escapes from furnaces, etc., when the combustion is
Imperfect, is practically tbe aame ub
Illuminating gas, but may contain an
even higher percentage of the deadly
carbon monoxide. Charcoal burners
also give off considerable quantities
of this gas.—Literary Digest.
Marked , Progress    Made—Conditions
Retard Development in Citi
. Special Progress in Mining
, -■ Centres'
Local Union Directory, Dist. f8,U.M.W.A
By George D. Herron
Gas-Poisoning - A Cold
Weather Peril
The fatal effects of carbon monoxide, which rapidly caused death
whtn breathed even in minute quantities, bave long beeii known, but it is
non being found out tliat besides
MK-h cases of acute poisoning this
gus te being found out that besides
is capable of producing very serious
am! baffling cases of chronic po'.son-
ing when air only slightly tainted with
tt is breathed for periods of we?ks or
months. .ThlB knowledge is of the
Kraveut importance to the general p-ib-
i'c tince this gas is found in iiht-
tii-r.aimg gus and heating gas, -?sp-.>ci-
illy when theae aro partly compos3-1
-if water gas. Thus a very tiny leak
of a gns pipe might auffU-b to liberate
enough carbon monoxide in tbe cones.11'ti cases of asphyxiation."
of months to affect disastrously the)    As ti means of detection when the
.ii-ulih of every member of a fn mily. j pit sence of this gas ls feared it is
from physical and intellectual torpor,
said that they suffer for many weeks
and at times also from mental troubles, paralysis, -trembling, and pains
In the head. Different people differ
greatly in the power of resistance to
this poison, so thut a number of per-
■BonsTixpwsed-Ht~tbe- same-time -may
vary greatly in the length of survival
cr possibility of restoration.
"The treatment consists in the use
of oxygen as abundantly aB possible
It should be used.In inhalations and
also iu subcutaneous Injections,'which
are both more efficacious and easier
to administer. The transfusion of
blood is a logical procedure In sucb
cases, and use should be made like-
wine of  the ordinary  manipulations
Tm- mix Is formed also In bcovch uiul
furnaces when close burning takes
I'ncp. ' .Moreover, It is wild io be
callable of passing through tho pores
of ad-hot iron. Hence It in Wit reudi-
I; pass Into the atmosphere of aiove-
limited schoolrooms in sufficieir. tiunu-
tii\ to cause '-'.-.--Uudo nu headache,
or eveu marc serious affections,
among the pupllK. A case waa recently reported also, of fatal poisoning ot
two men in Bridgeport, Conn,, by car-
bnn monoxide coming from the ea-
haws! pipe of n gasoline engine operating in a pit.
In a lato number of "Lurousse Men-
suello" d'arlm Ur. Henri Bouquet
treats the subject at length, and his
wnrntngs should be widely disseminated.     We read:
"Carbon monoxide Im the more dangerous since It can nol be detected
by taste or odor, lt ts dangerous
even when the atmosphere contains
an extremely nm:«ll proimrtlou of Jt,
recommended to keep a bird, or Konie
other small animal, In a cage, since
these are peculiarly susceptible to this
poison, nnd soon revive. Certain
chemical methods ot detection are also
used, the most practical being the re-i
diictloii of ammoiilacal silver nitrate, |
which turiia brown under the influence I
of this gas. ]
Chronic cases of nils poison arej
doubtless far moro common than has;
hitherto been suspected, since the ef-
fiefs nre -slow and subtle, nnd the
symptoms arc such as may bc present
In various diseases. It is not Improbable, Indeed, that many esses ot
Illness really due to this have been
wrongly diagnosed, and consequently
Ineffectually treated.
"The most frequent cause of chronts
cases Is the use ot defective heating
apparatus which allow email qusntl-
The Ignorance of the working class
and the superior intelligence of tbe j
privileged are superstitions—are superstitions fostered, by intellectual mercenaries, by universities and churches,
and by all tbe centers ot privilege.
And the assumption ot superior intelligence on tho part of the privileged is
not warranated by a single historical
not warranted by a single historical
The derangements and miseries of
mankind are precisely due to the ignorance and arrogant rule of "superior" classes and persons.
The mental and spiritual capacity of
these classes Is a myth; their so-called
culture but thinly veneers their essential -savagery, their social rapacity and
The system that divides society into
classes can bring forth no true knowledge, no living truth, no Industrial
competence, no fundamental social decency, it can-only continue tbe desolation of labor and increase the blindness and depravity of the privileged.
So long as some people own tbe tools
ii-pon which others depend for bread,
so long as ihe few possess theiiisolv^s
so long as the afts and the institutions
and the sciences are built dpon exploited workers.. Just so long will our
so-called progress be through the perennial exhaustion •<£ generations and
nee*; just so long will civilisations
lie but voracious parasites upon the
spirit and body of mankind.
And it Is to destroy the dominance
of the privileged class, to eliminate
chases from society, that tbe Socialist
movement comes; and if it be true
lo Itself It will make no compromise
with the superstitions and Institutions of privilege, lt will afftlrm an
effectual-faith in tbe self-governing
capacity of the workers—In tbe wisdom hid In the heart of tho co-operative,—Metropolitan Magaalne.
The policy of developing a system
of ttfght class instruction throughout
the province for those engaged in the
industries and trades and those who
are unable to take advantage of such
instruction as is provided' in the day
time is already showing notable results and fully justifying itself. Last
year such instruction was conf-ined
to the cities, Calgary leading with a
splendid enrolment of 1,600, -Lethbridge and Medicine Hat had also
made distinct progress, and Edmonton
a good -beginning in offering night
class instruction at the Technical
in the autumn the -Provincial policy
tor the development of special and
technical instruction was announced.
It provided financial aid to help the
local communities in developing tbe
work and included within its scope
the night schools. The results so
far attained are on the whole very
gratify ing, especially under the conditions now existing. 'While tbe enrolment will no doubt Increase with'
tbe opening of classes after tho Cbrlat-
mas vacation, Uie following statement
shows how lt stood in December:
Bdmonton     1200
Calgary         058
Coleman         100
Taber        TU
Bellevue            TO
Hlllcrest           00
Medicine.Hat           52
Bankhead -        42
Frank          40
Coalhurst        37
Canmore         32
Drumheller           25
Pooa-hontas          25
Sloan        21
Passburg .'. .-        20
Clover Hill...        16
Lethbridge (Hardlevllle) ....       14
Lovett        12
It is expected that witb the beginning of,the New Year classes will be
organized hi Ncrdegg, -Mountain Park,
Yellow Head, Evansburg, Cardiff and
possibly Blairmore' and Lethbridge.
If this expectation ls realized it is
probable that the enrolment in4 the
night schools of Alberta this winter
will reach a tqtal of 3,000. When it
is known tbat in 11)12-13 the enrolment
in such classes was 3103 In , Nova
Scotia and 4773 in Ontario (including
the City of Toronto)—-provinces |n
which the work haa been developing
.    No, 2314
Meet first and third Prldaja,
Min-acs' Hall, Fernie; seconrt and
foi;rth Fridays, Club Hall. Coal
Cjeek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill,.Sec. Fernie. B. C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at- 2 o'clock in Crahan's JBall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—-
R. Beard, secretary..'
No. 1J87
Meet every  Sunday.   Sick ahd
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren.  See.,  Can-
nore. AHa.
No. 10S8
Meet svooiid and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   In   the   Opera  House,
Coleman.—,1.  Mitchell,  Kec„  Box
105, Coleman,
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p,m. tn the Opera House,
Coleman,'-—*J. Johnstone, Sec.
-No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at- 2 p.m.
in Slovak HaU; Sick Benefit'Society attached.—Thos, O. Harries.
Sec, Passburg, Altai -   '     ,
No.. 9^,9
Meet every second and. fourth
Sunday 'of each month at 10 a.tn,
fii School House,, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G, Harriea. S-?c,
Passburg, AHa.,	
. No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of eanli month at 10 ai.m. Jn
Union HaU. Maple Leaf. Ko Sl-ak
Society.—Thou. G. Harries. Sec.
PasRhurg, Alta. _
No. 29
. Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and .Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
■Sec., Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, P. Barrlngham; President, Duncan McNab,
>    No. '574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—U Moore. Sec-Treas.
No, 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.SQ p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. — Jam«B
Burke. Sec, l?ox 16/ Bellevue,
Alta. '' s
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hail, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
No. 2877    ,
Meet every second Suhday at 2
o'clock In the Club Hall. - Slok
Benefit Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B,<3.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday, afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House.' Sick
and Accident Fund. attached,—
Max Hutter, Sec.
No, 1263
Meet Sundays, after eat* -pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Slok -and
•Benefit   Society   *ttneM.—B
Morgan, Secretary.     ..
what Ib being accomplished In Alberta
can be realized more fully. While
report* from other -provinces for the
current winter are not available, it is
more than probable tbat Alberta will
take second place among the provinces of the Dominion in tbe development
of tbe night school system.
 ^ _
"Xow," said the principal, to one of
the pupils at the close of the lesson in
ivhlch he had touched on the horrors
of war. "do >»n object to war, my
"Yes. sir, I do," was the tervent
ana wet;.
"Now. tell us why."
"Because," said the youth, "wars
make history, an' I hate history."
Socialism is a conscious endeavor to
-tmUtltut*) organised co-operation for
existence lu place of the present an-
nrcblal competition ror existence or
tbo system of social organisation cal-
rulaUd to bring tbla about This definition, though It gives, perhaps, ade-
<iuate expreiMiou to tha active and
practical side of socialism, leave* out
of account altogether Ita theoretical
, basis, Prom this pdlnt of view So-
lien ot the gas to escape during lonf l^ium Is an attempt to lar tba foun-
p«r'.tKU.    Badly nanatnd lioUtr fur- daUwi of * rotl w|«nc» of 8ocl«Ofir,
,     .     _,,.,, ,       ""•*■ "nd "••«»■ »» th* Pl!»es «««! which shall enable mankind, by thot*
bin li, order io be latal to men, dowjrt,,mMyg ma). eom ,n im nm0P,, UBdtriUnd„,g   tbi|r pggt and
or cats, It must be present in a mltil-, ,tli »„,» w »low combustion apparatua j ,irf-.;ti to eomprebwd,   aad   thus.
iiiuiii nuantli) of >tt io I per tent, ftt
fixes upon tbe hemoglobin of 'b*
btood and forms with It a stab!-* combination, thus causing the hnmottlo-
bin to 'ifcome Incapable of cimiiig
tin* nsyaen iit-edod. It Is noil tirababla
brwevrr. that tbe red corpasito Ja
deatroyad. , . , The nerve-centraa re-
in against this intoslcatian by lowering tli«» it utpvrtttitrc and diminish- i
which remain ibe moat dangerous of
all. lint tbls intoxication also often
has a professional origin, and Is met
with among cooks, chauffeurs and engine drlv-Hrs, minors, laundresses, employees of iss-works nnd laborers who
commonly breathe air vitiated by tha
leaking or the intenalve employment
I of Illuminating aaa."
"The symptoms  of  tweh  chronic
Ing thi- <»*feU-M«-     Ihil,  IWe -»^ittX)mrl,(Jlli,TO w Amtitonloi after alt0 rtr, n fntoUMble asntanatttn ei
i* material     Th* village chlafitton be-coai-M Insufficient If tite canae L.fcl,,M- *mnm**, „# ,i«- *hi-»t, •»*» i-1 Z. ^ i»wiiiw»jm««« *n
,»m„-,,9,     ...«- •himh ««m {vartawe lengtn of time, wnicn may be it,* srowth of human -anetotv. -aai lo
,.V. 1,4 „. ,«*,* M4 m  ^«^Tln" ta tm l,f0InB,*,! "Jm* mtm** *«* mny i* aw^b l^
A turlou. tat,* of tbla form ot b ■*»■■«•*•*» »* "**<* ***«*«U«r*» of determent tmm the fatl-
poisoning ia tbst lia victims aland better ch»ncf« ol r*»*ov#r,v If th#y reosald
extended nnd omtlonlets than If tbey
sir* made to walk   nr   move   about.
11*1, tin     ir;l* ft     .*«(*(»«,, Iwt,     rftvtl-nr^llv    !***■<
ti-tr* tn -fWfl-niHl v»1<i*w»«. It -mi-metl-m-M I
oeenr* In tbe otwm nlr, wben tbe -pr**,    -.    -.*-,_•-«,. i„ ..i,,,,,,^  ..,.„* t„
portion of tbe gaa Inhaled .la   mri^ 27 »i^T tX*!,,w' **•"" * ,•ii, •«!•••■■*..»
lira*, n* is ine netabborbooJ ot lar-: fc-rtl#w -i_.il.-. ta th.i rau»a h» «ti«,i*® me******, nthmtti, ttttteU-ttli-tftt
Mr-m..ttin»MiM,'iM works, *tc.  It!""! ,":"T\w,'"",™J", J; "'^Ipeopla. Inataad of twcowwlootlr  nd
u***ni»t***t,etmir*r*eioth*mmAh,AW  i*t«onlu*. l«valyale  (often  at-, ||(-w|ii# t0mpMiumAtm hy ^^^ ot
{majority of ca«es, to defects In besting• Jj^'u" W|
Mab-1 mmrmm, especially «ho»* •%*** «•# | ^ mn,mn^    „,„„. „,rrwli ttm.
y.burning I. slo*.    It may alao be pro-f ^ nn ,„   ^ ^ ,,
,. { 'tin-d at a dixtaitiw bv defects in beal-
r.    II mar also b*\ „#  " .' "T-i-i aMM. M ,t>* n«, I •tmituo tbe tenancy of Ibi Mwe.
t,i«tr*lion> in iwrprtaltr*,
Thi   Vt*n4.tl trttnl no* tally
1Mi«ft, *t**t*ut*i wim to add territory
•« v.*'.r »ire*4y #«}»tlna lame estates, j  »-« -» * «.-«.«- «• «"-«- ... »™.   |f   h   |hj,   tnmM ^^  nmmim j
li. H.* F.«id»t nn* tbf Itoman fr.tbo-M»« apparaw*, *ep**Mly tbt»e »lw*»|(-<.laU(,lr lo0ml ,«».,lbM|tl(t %*mmoUir **
ti.- r'v}r<'b mtiwt*t»d nine million pe^■i^be burning ts slow —     -
.«--• Im   »,kJMr*I4 aad  Jin-r*-s>. aad j prudui-i *t nt n di» in
r,*,r »»,i. i.,,,. „f Mil*. c«»nn*«t»»d ib«.fl«'^«in« apjtaratn*. and In pipea rtfry-
■;'-'.t"-*   ,it-i ,ht1>   until   tb*  rbarr*',a« «ff *a;tikt* sm» a-aaea ni lomhim
*■»» '.tx potm*Mttmi ot Mi#*ew«tb «f Itlon,    The ttm s»»piom« are vtoksat
lb*. u»ui i»«d ntm tttt ttmtnm*- brntimtbt*. vertlgft. eo-urtrktlon  **
Tbr- n.<*r«-biat. gnftda w»w» at thlsNbe i»-mpl»«.r ringiaa of the eara. batia-
pr*-*** A-tnt-iffd 1m tOepttrw** et i»U-»i»»tN»n». ablvcrlnga and an Irrcslstl
aal^tfa* e**mtmtr*. the law of buying M* A**lr* t» aieotn.     K*en when tho
»rd»eMln« an<? vxrhantfnxfoodf Tbe rtetxtm ttt ntm* ****** w»i« it t*
tltude which the dominant class miv
adopt,In relation to tli* demands wulcb
the economic situation* impels tho producing class to make.
With tbe establishment of natlonnl
and eventually International Socialism,
mankind resumes the definite control
over the means and Instruments of
production, ana masters tbem hence-
forward for all tints Instead of being
mastered by them. By such co-operative Industry, whose power over
ly-Vtwe t» Increased by each fresh In
venllon and dlacovery. a cbra-pace of
repreaalon la lifted rrom Ihe faculties
of eaeb Individual, and wealth being
made aa plentiful aa water by light,
wholesome labor, all freely contribute
to increase their own hspplneas as
well as thai of their fellows. Human
nature sesames a new and higher char*
acter In a society In which tbo sur-
rounding* are such tbat life ts not aa
today, a constant atraggle against tbo
presMire of want and tbe temptations
of misery. Jiatoad of personal, limited, Introspective, Individual ethic Is
tbe nodal altruistic brand ethic la
whlrh tbe duty toward society necea*
•artly involve* tbe highest doty toward it man's self. Woman relieved
of economic and social aabjagation,
will aiHMii-me li#r i<Ihi?i» n« tin* nodal
equal of man.
- Th» object whleb floetallsts have i*( Mo tar. tmrntote. trim iMOtviOwsi
vlow is thai Una, tito llaai uaaelofuw- - i>a*>ua(««a txmi ymsmiMi i******i**iM ,** ii**
highest eeaee being limited and atuat-
*fi, Hmsan-iiidi Unburn* nrtft butt* Ibe moo**
tnnlty for attaining io'b level of pbysl-
i«L mora) and mental duvelopment
I dlscontenbMt, emMttere*. ana ignorant i»<h-» as ia« eotto »*» M»af mm*.
within limits, to control tbe movement
and development of their own society
in tiie near future. Conse-ntt-ently Socialism In Its wide aenea la not, aa Is
still commonly thought, a mere ssplra-
tkAt for a belter atate of society, still
leaa only a series of propoeals to mill-
Kate the evils arising from the present
Hoclal arrangements.
Modern scientific Socialism essays
tbe action of the toxic gaa for a aulfl-j ,„..,,» of private property, through
dent period.    Here one must accuse Unttel aiavery, serfdom, and wng»
not only tlu« cuinbtautfof 'if the carbon U^,, WM i^iuble, so the neat step
moiloxldo with ttio henidgloblti of fh* fro„, caiHtaJlatn. io SoclaJIsm l« nlso
blood, but alao Its toxk- action on <he j jnef |Ufc|#,
tittmttt* a„„  *Mt«4« *.. «* j»«.«.«,-.«
1..-1 1    \o     l.lll'   VOCifl - liIJlU;'!^
Wedding Sle,tio
Precuely u imporunt nt the »eh*iioa of »
mutasu, the ^oppoiatntaU of 'the elwkh oi
home, the prevbioa for, the e»tef«»—U'th« mst^
t      tm~ni tKa itledioa of *: '■'-    .^^ *" fc.
..OMiMa wlfawidyl Mu^lrindtukl nblbw. An
W«4d^U<«iltlioaMllMdtblrMM«t tTttMxa which
kvm*t*ni(ctr**» ltAa*iJk***tUia*ma»4 etait*
m Um m ei th* priiM ea* m*\a H.
, htUiMwl car work ctefb, audit cMh ** 'mt* tn.
hamOabtaakataat* ipMtoertfc-}a n,*a*M n'nafitn..
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..17,000,000      Roaerve Fund ....$7,000,000
PILgQ HOWLAND, tno* Proeident   ILIAS ROOtng, Iiq., Vlea-Prca.
Arrowhead, Athaltnar, Chase, Cranbrook, Ferula, Qoldtn, Invermtre,
Natal, Nelson; Revelateke, Vancouver, Victoria.
lataroat allawod tn Btptaita at ootmnt rate from date of tfegosit.
raBNtB BEAKOH A. H 0 W1K Mgngfgy
WlUi, TW« Dttdi, MortgiffM, Iimmuiet Po&dtt
or othtr TiluabUs in one of Umm boxtt
.._ . * wbmwmctttKm. wtttmmmTtmt bnvtT9
P. B. Fowior, Ma«iim«r Ptttmm &r«ifi«h
woriiera.     Agltatton avslnat tbo In*-    The golden ago of society la, ladeed, |
(Ice of tbe present system of pradu-r- not tn tbe pat. but In tbo huure.—It, I
tion, thfvtfof*. Is -only valuable ao far
It educates sen and women to
t*. Hyndman
In Jobaaon'a KneydtM
rxnnrt' ex"1*!    wMlM-wrf    tb*'
mai -* ptaro-d "Oph-ibal- j tattMIWII| ^ llw 4«f|R|t» tag ttbttb tlie j wnrkmag, for tbe protonged eeaswtton
try- »'«?-»!»«*•  aweHlinm.  toA trotd'1
J trimM-i'*.     I.lt« a lac mental nnlvity,
' CM tt'tt"
a-»-uUiU>u *iC vcuiMiuxiii tiiimxi Lis m uie
of fill (nifrtflfrj- irmW b* rtrtem* tfi
aU.--f'»fea«or Tkoreli Hotm.
mdi, Wbotlmr the great etong* wiii
v Si~*9tht nbnm paacsoUy or fwvl-
bfy bat no bmring upon SOeWfam fn     KrtOotloi ia tbo ooutiewme and obf-
Iteeif, but depends upon tbo atao of ioutturn numHeetotkoo of oa oeralt aot
nint th* HsiBB Bom Init tttttt Mwttd yssfB wtfb tttttt %
.rat ti'ttn.
t      n
■tnvrtrpmtml «bWh ba* been nwHtbcd" tbtrntmi ttr*mt$ toinnNie f**»*titn,'
1t*mnr*lr. ■
iwa*r*t't,m*:*n *wci rm wamw rtfawvf t
~* ,'*,fr(ln numb cUOtwit cuutttrj*. an-1 Aa *•■ [
4.FaMkODOHALO, WftaifgOt
WOTOMA AVI^ *n* *o* fSMHC  0.0
mmmtm9mm A'fJpyA'-X'"- -»
A . ".tf:"- '.-^^ Then
*-flt> . S*"^^A*. bst« I Cold
w,---*   -.-*j^^^^    attacks the lungs
. . ?nd (he breathing passages. To wrf it J^ou netidjQ g?t at these
lorgans direct. Ordinary cough' mixtures
and iyrup^do pot touch the lungs,' but
jgo direct to your atomich, which it not
ailing. ^J*e|tt, on tb-tcontwy, go direct
to th$ ,x«y..««^t of the, trouble.
< - Pepa ■ arS'l tablets containing essence*
and' medicinal' ingredients so prepared
that when placed upon the tongue, tbey
immediately "turn into vapor, and arei
|breath^dogn; the inflamed air passages
to the lungi, direct. '•'
**.' Pept mwicipetaVes the form of healing
vapor, and WW colds, coughs, bronchitis
and lung bt>ub|ejt!just as living in Pine
woods fpd bresthmg Pine-laden airprer
vents wnsurription and cures chest wetness. Tightn*&»crosstbechest,painbe-
tween the shoulders, hacking cough, sere
throat, ;astUina and bronchitis are the
ailments which! jn particular, Peps have
been designed j to cure. Peps will toon
end your osd add,
Te»timoni»ls for Peps have been given
by members -pf the Canadian Parliament,
doctors, lawyers, eminent Canadian
muiiciab*; all going to prove that Peps
have hunt"found a cure for throat and
chest' trouble, pf tea when other
remedies Kad entirely failed.
FREE TRIAL-Ctutit ttliaril-
eta.i *M mall It, with Je•(*■» (forit-
tan »<ut>*<> lo few Co., DnpoatSt.,
Tor**!*, tttl *• will Mai yoa a In*
trial atekif t. of r**». All inutlatoL
-aalai^«iM|IP«ai,S«c Wiot 3 (or|
The Hillcrest
When tbe white man governs himself, that is-golf-government; but when
be governs .himself and also •governs
another min that is mota than self-
government—that Is despoUsm.
.Many free countries have lost their
liberty and oura may lose bcrs; but if
she shall, be It my proudest plume, not
that I wq*.ttieKJ|aBt to desert, but that
I never doa^rUHj her.
If there iar anything which His the
duty of the whole -people to never intrust to anj; bands -but their own, that
thing is the prosCnratlon and -perpetuation of their own liberties and institu
tions. -   v.
I am for the people of the whol^ na
tion jiitat ea thay please in all matters
which, concern the. whole nation; tor
those of each -part doing Just as they
choose in all mattery which concern
doing just as he chooses In all matters which concern nobody else.
On another page will be found -an
abstract from the Commissioner's report on the Hillcrest, Alberta, mine
explosion,-* which occurred June 19, p
lfln; .The report is by Judge A. A.
Carpenter, a lawyer of prominence,
and It is -interesting eVen although it
leaves out those things which might
have caused the disaster and puts in
those things which did not -cause ths
explosion, and there is no advice given us that, we may avoid similar accidents.
We ouce held the^opinion that English mining men, while slow, arrived at
ntcrq, definite conclusions' regarding
nine explosions tban d-td the mining
"raternity of the United States.     We
[ ire obliged now in view of tbe recent
reports issued on several explosions
:hat have occurred in tbe -British Empire to reverse our opinion, and say
rhat the commissioners arrived at the
place tbey started from, namely, no-
.vliere.    Aa we look at the matter tn
I this country, the chief reason for the
Investigation of. mine explosions is to
ascertain their cause and, so soon irg
possible, to give the exact or the probable reason for their happening. To
accomplish this, inspectors and. engineers enter the mine so soon as ventilation is restored, ahd even before in
some cases, in order to note the position, condition, and location of tbe
bodies, also to ascertain whether the
men were burned or were killed by
afterdamp; also other matters that
would have a tendency to point toward tbe -probable cause of tbe disaster are carefully noted. The greatest
force ls not aa a rule shown where
the gas is ignited, -particularly if du*t
Ib a factor, so that by following tne
clues left by fhe explosion, It is possible to arrive at tbe place where the
disaster originated, nnd then by signs
or analogy arrive at a fairly definite
conclusion. It is taken for granted
that no one desired an explosion; nnd
if negligence was the cause, the coroner's jury after listening to those who
explored the mine places the blame
where it belongs. It is only by acting
In an impartial way that the facts
can be made public quickly, and ao
prevent possible accidents from similar causes.
Our English bretbern, out ot respect
for the commlsaionera examining Into
fW?KrasiC-if^~ouTnirj particulars of
importance for publication until the
report has been'printed, which in this
cite fields of Pennsylvania aud we do
know that fans and air boxes are not
the best means of ventilating the pitching rooms which are difficult to clear
df gas*
We, might speculate on other matters such" as the powder used, whether
-The   hundred   daily   papars  of  the
Scripps    League    embraced    in    the
Xewspaper Enterprise Association re-
it- was customary to blast while men |scellti>' ask€d  '*the fift>'  most rePre-
case was several months after the.explosion and it then furnished no definite information. These remarks
are made not with the idea of criticizing but in the hope of -benefiting the
industry in Canada as well as in the
United States.
The Pennsylvania mine law demands that maps of bituminous mines
shall show the plan of ventilation, and
about every map in this country has
the ventilation marked on it, so that
the mining engineer and the manager,
or, in fact, even strangers- entering
the mine shortly after the explosion,
can follow the ventilation from tne
blueprint or tracings ofthe mine map
which they carry. '
In the Hillcrest mine, Wolf safety
lamps were used, which under ordinary conditions go out in a gaseous atmosphere. Undoubtedly, unusual conditions could prevail where gas might
be ignited by Wolf lamps. For In
stance, an unlighted lamp might be I
knocked over and having a loose wick,
oil might run on tho glassor gauze,
and then on being picked up and light-
.ed, the burning oil might break the
glass, or if on the, gauze, flash the
flame outside. Mr. Frazer, who represented the "miners at the Hillcrest
Inquest, condemned the practice of
turning vitiated air from one section
of a mine into a fresh air current that
circulated in another part of the
In thia he was right even although as
it is claimed- the explosion did not
occur in this part of the mine. A
peculiar feature in connection with
this system of ventilation ls that while
an overcast was constructed to receive
the return air from this part of the
mine it was not used.* It is well understood that a little bit added to another little bit makes just a little bit
more, and a ribbon of gas lighted in
this second part of the mine might
have flashed to that part where the
gas bad formed an explosive mixture.
In Ko. 2 South level, a boy was engaged in forcing air up a pitch, and
it waa in this level that Mr. Frazer
thlnks'the trouble originated. -We can
imagine that a boy after turning a fen
for two hours might want a rest and
than on starting the fan again force
tbo gaa down on the level, but there
are not enough data avallable-Jft_afc-
firm or, deny Mr. Prater's contention.
However, we do know that theae
things bave happened ln the anthra-
were in the mine, also on the probabilities of roof falling and creating
spanks which ignited the gas, and
after all be none tho wiser, because
the position of the bodies aud their
condition, with other valuable data
were;uot noted. There is always a
cause for an explosion and it can be
reached' generally quite closely by analogy, providing one does not start
ivlth preconceived ideas. It is of
great importance to the operators and
inspectors of Alberta to arrive at some
kind of a conclusion whenever they
have, an explosion, because their deductions will "always be on the side
of safety and of general use to the Industry at large.—The *, Colliery Engineer,
* See the new Alberta law which
went into effect December 1, 1914.
By Eugene- V, Debs
Police Commissioner Arthur H.
Woods, of Xew York, reviewing a
recent gang murder in that city,
said: ".These gangs are the growth
of the last few years. There are
four sources from which men of this
calibre derive their livelihood. Jn
times of labor troubles they work
as strike-breakers, going armed to
and from places where a strike is
on to intimidate the strikers. They
are also white slavers and pander-
ers. They are employed about election times by one political party or
another, and they commit unlawful
acts for hire — anything from a
simple assault to a murder."
Please observe that these are the
Individuals who have been classified
by the learned (!) Dr. Eliot of Harvard University as "heroes"! These
are the "fighters for the undying principle- of freedom." so ably championed
by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., when the
Investigation of the Colorado government by gunmen was Instituted. These
are the creatures afforded protection
by the governmental authorities when
the workers have the effrontery (?) to
agitate for better conditions. Kindly
note, tbe above ls not a statement,
made by a "labor agitator," but by
one who probably is a willing supporter of the system which breeds the
evils he dilates upon.
hv famity remedy
-"•tMlnl   *»r»t»  ••»   (Ittlr
tor  Coaha
and der*
•nd Colds
"> much *
sentative persons in the United States
to give their opinion—to tell in what
way, they think we Americans can
be of most service in bringing back
peace on earth and good will toward
men." The following is Eugene V.
Debs' contribution to the symposium-
There has never been "Peace en
earth arid good will toward men" and
we shall have to go forward and not
backward to realize that ideal. Civilization ib still in a primitive, rudimentary state. It has taken countless ages to tiring us from the brute,
the cave-man and the savage to
where we are totlay. The development has been painfully slow, but
steady, and will continue to the farthest stretches of time.
"Thou shalt not ki!!" is now the
law. But It applies only to individuals, not yet to nations. To slay
your neighbor is murder—unless you
are iu tiniform. Hut when the nation slays its neighbors and the killings amount Into the thousands, it Is
not murder but patriotism to be proud
of, to glorify, and rejoice over.
When shall peace come to earth?
When the brute and savage shall
have died in us and we have become
Iiuman. Iu a ^word, peace will come
to earth when humanity has been
humanized, civilization civilized and
C'liristianity christianized.
Tlie war In Europe is a crime
against ..civilization, but it had to
come. It. did not come by chance.
Every war has its cause. Modern
wars are between rival nations for
commercial supremacy.
It is of little use to cry out against
war whilst we tolerate a social system that breeds war.
Capitalism makes war inevitable,
j Capitalists .nations not only exploit
their workers but ruthlessly Invade,
plunder and ravage one another. The
profit system is responsible for it
al. Abolish that, establish industrial democracy, produce for use and
the incentive to war vanishes. Until
then men may talk about "Peace on
earth," but it will be a myth—or sarcasm.
But tbere is no cause for despair.
The world is awakening and we are
approaching the sunrise.
We cannot stop the European War.
We can and will intervene when the
time comes and do all in our power
to restore peace. To end the war
prematurely, were that possible;
j^euid^mpiy^^Tnotber ariaT perhaps bloodier catastrophe.
(Let us show the people the true
cause of war.    Let us arouse a sen
timent against war.     Let   us   teach
thc children to abhor war.
•More than forty years ago the Socialists of Europe declared:
"We are against all wars, and- especially against dynastic wars. With
sincerest regret do we accept the unavoidable evils of a defensive war,
and we demand that the recurrence
of suoh a social calamity be made
impossible for all time to come by
vesting in the people themselves the
power to decide over war and peace,"
The proposition is here mado , to
put an end to war by democratizing
war, in all the history of the world
the people have never declared a
A constitutional amendment providing that no war shall be declared
except by a vote of the people and
that, as Allan Benson has suggested,
if war is declared they who vote for
It shall be the first to go to tbe front,
would put ■ an end to war forever in
this country.
Woman, although tiie niosl vital
factor in war, and its most keenly
suffering victim, lias always been
contemptuously ignored when war
lias been declared. (Jive woman Ihe
ballot on equal terms with man in
every state of this unlou and a mignty
advance will have been made toward
driving the horrible scourge of war
from the face of the earth.
The earth is filled with its bounties, there is light in every brain ano
good in every heart; let us rejoice
that we live at a time when old
wrongs are being uprooted and new
rights being proclaimed; when the
night is passing aud the better day
is dawning when all shall join rapturously in the divine anthem—
"Peace on earth and good will toward men."
We lake issue with our friend oeos
on the question of the vote to woman
having the result he claims on the
war spirit, as slie is equally as "patriotic" today as man, willing to sacrifice her sons for what she considers
a righteous cause. The vote alone
is not going to change her ideas any j
more than it does that of ber mate;
education is essential, and by education is meant a full realization of the
cause of war.)
"froit-a-tlies" Healed His
Kidneys and Cured Him
Hj.ghksvii.i.b, Ont , Aug. a6th. 1913.
"About two years ago, I found my
health in a very bad state. My Kidneys were not doing their work and I
was all run down in condition. I felt
the need of some good remedy, and
havingseen "Fruit-a-tives"advertised.
I decided to try tbem. Their effect,
I found more than satisfactory.
Their action waa mild and the result
all that could be expected.
My Kidneys resumed their normal
action after I had taken upwards of a
dozen boxes, and I regained my old-
time vitality. Today, I am enjoying
the best health I have ever hadf'.
" Fruit-a-tives" is the greatest
Kidney Remedy in the world. It acts
on the bowels and skin as well as on
the kidneys and thereby soothes and
cures any Kidney soreness.
"Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $1.50, trial siae ase.
or will be sent on receipt of price by
Pruit-a tives Limited, Ottawa.
Too Jon*1 bave lived the slaves of fea.*.
Arise! Arise! and stand as one,
And ye shall be oppressed by none;
Go forth and win the bloodless fight!
Up! Up! Ye scattered hosts, unite!
Awake! Awake! Ye heedless throng,
And fill the sad, old earth with song!
Awake! Awake!  thu land is thine
To fashion in a form divine!
God'c country come on earth shall be
Tbe commonwealth  where men are
Too long the brunt of toil ye've borne;
Too long ye've cringed to king and
Was lt greed made Socrates expound
philosophy, or Shakespeare v. rite
Was it competition made Watt Invent the steam engine, or Davy the
safety lamp?
Was it greed that abolished slavery?
Was it greed made Darwin devote
his life to science?
-I Was It greed that unfolded the secrets of astronomy, of geology, and ot
other innportant facts of nature?
Or did greed give us musical notation, the printing press, the pictures
of Turner and Raphael, the poems ot
Spencer, and the liberties of the English Constitution.—^Merrie England.
Our heathens ln tbe Orient are learning some valuable leeeons from the
Christians, wbo are slaughtering each
otber in the civilized nations of
-» *S3 Cold*,
•toe* ISJO
The District
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the Paper and control its
policy. AU advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U* S*
W© itavc looked liirougn your paper with considerable ewe and intercut      W* w%ht tnkf tW* opportunity to ex
preti onr appreciation for the service as rendered* §o far.   We would also add tbat it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we
have run across in some time.
1 *«V**i-*(f FACTE FOTJB
tilyt iMsirici &&%**
Published every Thursday evening: at it* office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, 8. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
by like calamities might be minimized in the future.
Unfortunately the necessity of an enquiry into
the causes oi' an explosion of Recent date in '-vac
locality has -arisen, and whilst tihe,-disastrous effects
so far as the number of lives sacrificed does not
compare with, the HillcresSt-'heoatom-b, nevertheless
this was merely incidental, and had t% mine been
working under normal conditions, so far as the
number of men employed is concerned, the casualty
list might have equalled that of Alberta.
■We earnestly hope that the most rigid investigation will be made -so that knowledge may be gained
whereby these all too frequent explosions may be
appreciably lessened. And we also trust- that
whon the result of this inquiry has been published
there may be no room for passing strictures of the
tone of those contained in the article alluded.to.
OTTAWA, Jan. 4.—Ono of the questions
which will have to be eonsidcred at the next
session of parliament will lie the franchise oi'
the Canadian soldiers who are on active service or have enlisted for service abroad. New
Zealand recently held a general election, and
the members <if the Overseas contingents were
allowed to vote abroad. Incidentally, in New
Zealand there was no cry of disloyalty because
of a general election. Whether the New Zealand plan could bc followed for the Canadian
Overseas army is :. question which has not yet
been decided. There are difficulties in thc
way, and when tlie men reach the. trenches the
question of voting might be impossible. Hallots
would have to be sent forward and the men allowed to vote according to their declared
homes. However, if nothing else is done, it is
likely steps will be taken to protect the franchise of all soldiers so that they will not bc
struck off the lists while absent.
We have already written editorials on the subject of fhe methods adopted by the Australian
colonies whereby every elector is enabled to cast
his vote, despite tlie fa'ct that lie may be away from
the place of registration when an election takes
jihvce. although in the case of the New Zealand eon-
1 ingent voting abroad this is the first instance where
lite distance separating the voter from his own
constituency has lieen so great.
To expeel such a daring innovation to be introduced by the Sotons at Victoria. IJ. C, is unthinkable, consequent upon I'lie disastrous effect it would
 have-upon-the—Fork-Barrel^—JVrrrfiiA-^niiAoUng.Jtonplliom on the edge of nienUU anxiety.
would go up to high heaven from those of the party
press who have 'been the beuefteiaries of nice fat
cheques in return' for the publication of the names
of those object-wl to, ostensibly because the objector
The recent action of the British business eiement
advertising for men not over 40 years old clashed
with the Government's recruiting campaign. Is
not this a remarkable state of affairs?
If a majority of men lived to the allotted three
score years and ten of the Fsalmist how do Ihcse
buyers of one hundred per cent physical energy
bipeds only expedt theindividuals over two score
yeara to provide for themselves during the suus->-
qiieiit thirty years of their presumptive existence?
We do not put this question with any expectati m
of receiving an answer thereto as we know full well
if an answer were vouchsafed it would be of the
•' we-don't-givo-H-hang-either'' stamp.
In the days oi! chattel slavery the human commodity was placed upon the block in full view of
(he prospective buyers. The auctioneer would describe him or her in glowing language and interested parties would then make a closer examination of
tlie physical features of the offering; see if there
were any defects; none being found the sale price
was correspondingly effected. Today this human
traffic is ended for ever. The difference.between
chattel and wage slavery is this: In the former
case no mention was ever-made of "Too old at 40,"
nor was ;> black man nor woman, no matter how old
or feeble, granted the "freedom" of the white wage-
earner to starve to death. In these days of en-
lightment, culture and civilization it has become
quite commonplace to read in the d-aily press brief
reports of cases of starvation, suicide, hold-ups,
etc., because of inability to obtain work whereby
lhe moans of sustenance may be purchased.
The ever-recurring question in the mind of the
worker as he approaches the age when he is likely
to be thrown upon the scrap-heap is nol going to be
solved for him by the merchant or manufacturer,
as many of them have troubles of their own that
' . m Tho in
capitalist will not interest himself in any
plan that will jeopardise his interests, therefore
the maxim, "(rod helps those who help themselves,"
is peculiarly Ktiggestivo and should lie a sign post
-itinnised the voter had leftthe particular const it u-j of direction to the working class.
ency where the paper was published, hut in reality
for two good and potent, reasons, ono the lopping
off the list of Hiokp voters who were believed to be
"forninst the (rovern-ment." and the other reason
(in some eases by far the more substantial one) the
pecuniary benefits accruing Mierefroni: the larger
the list the groii*tcr Hie picking from the "Fork
If the Dominion Government should outline a
plan whose object should be to permit duly, qualified voters to retain their suffrage rights eveu if engaged at the battle front, wo shall look forward lo
vehoinent opposition from that miction of the press
which, in the past, has regarded the publication of
the Absentee Voters' List as a legitimate perquisite
if return for valuable services rendered,.
To copy the revolutionary (?) examples of ciUm-
ies like New Zealand, <*iuceimland. etc., whilst Ihey
have not upset "the eHtablished rules of uoeicty"
11m:, obtain in the land of tlm Southern Cross. U uu-
iliiiu-.iiile iu this, the 'brightest gem in lie lm-
perial diadem," jwrticularly when it is taken into
< onsidi-ation Hint such a course would be deeidwlly
detrimental to the interests of innumerable fait lift •' Ifiii'lniieii when hii election was imminent.
IVri*h the thought, and if tin- thought cannot be
tofnlly (tombed Mien let us espouse if in order to
ma ki the gullible public imagine thnt Canada is
• qiially us broad-minded as their Antipodean col-
league*, tail, "and here'a ttoo rub," let teiii|mrimng
lin-tifh be udepted timl will defer the project no long
lhat there will he no four of itH becoming operative
for the rimtMiii that the war will he over and ihe wil-
ilier volenti returned to civil Ufa, then thi* wtbver-
-sive (!) measure mny be -mnventantly fdielv-wl, nol
*ii he ri'Mtrri'i'ti'd tilth's* lltcre'n a change of govern-
incut, nml I hen tl would make mh excellent plunk
for nn Op|Hwition pl«l form.
V,      '   1 ,    1
ill  fhr-ftc
column* we r^p-ruttM*?* mx
e.i.... ■*, ,„.i.,t*\* ti*t*tii, nt "Thi* -fSIH-i-tw
1-,:iVi.n^ will) Ibe im*f*.Hjrfl^n ffl^" bv
.liitlg-t (;«rpcider «»f the HHh-n-fft Di*a>d< i. We call
Un: .tpi'Ainl .%U*"t<dhm <»f -wiir rv8tl-fro.lv th** artMk
h-pcnufe- it in fnMti the poll of one who thoroughly
,., v... * .,, i   ii.,, ,,,<i,',,.,,* it-n.ti.r i.nmltlc'H-itTf'm- txxr*
ittpmurv. tm ehargc nf prejudice «*nil |i« brought
M«»iii%t the writer for the wimple rvason thnt he in
far removed from the wene of the d'unnter. Iienee
can look upon il in n atrtMly impersonal manner.
The inference l« be drawn from the invertiga-
turn in iluti the teamed gentleman who had charge
of uui'.tT., v.'.;;. :*iun '■.-n"'T!i',l in limiting the **n-
Otiiry to a 'mre Maicment of fa-He that bad happen*
M rather ihan searching d*-ej»ly 5nt» the *-atx%e* pm-
dwiiu thf disaster. In other wonAe, ft wai vf-twwl
wore trim th* jwrwlie than the neienliftr- nepe-H <-•
too&tttg; to the aH'.'ortnfunt^nt 'if fnFormalfrm xtttet*.
Some rtopian labor leaders (?) seem to imagine
that their brief assertion. "Labor power is NOT a
commodity." thereby alters the entire aspect of the
situation. To such we would ask: "If labor"be
not a commodity, then what is it ?" In substantiation of our viewpoint we call attention to the commonly accepted te-sm. "Labor Market." spoken of
with the sn uie freedom of expression as iu days gone
by the slave market was alluded to. Again, when
speaking of the elements included in the computation of the cost of transforming the raw material
into a finished product, "labor," as an item., is
treated exactly on any others that enter into lliu
miitter—i.e.. there is no personality considered, all
the factors involved being regarded impersonally.
A society in which iiuin is told plainly and bluntly that he is "Too old ol 40" should fumiah food
for thought for every unit whom it affects, and it
it doesn't thentVio affected one cannot expect those
not included in this category to show vory imi ah
concern about the subject.
"Too old at 40" interpreted to mean that,the
IM'Hod of phyaical usefulness has been passed, connotes the indbpntable fact of a apt'wling-up ayati»m
having been operative between the ngea of lfi otid
40 of auch nn energy-robbing diameter, antomntle-
nlly plaeing the victim of it in the scrap-heap class.
Very likely mme of onr render* mny loudly proclaim that, although long pn»t the 40 mark, they
are atill capable of doing better work thnn many rf
their younger fellow-workers. This we do not ilia*
piite, although we don't retard il aa any excuse for
diHplay of vanity, but what we wleh to eall eapeetol
attention to ia thia, wh-Wt the buyer of that commodity, "labor power." goes into the market it ia
the law of average tlmt govern* hia purchase*, and
that law of average, according to the Ilritlsh utan-
dard. i* under 40!
(Ji-ey haii*. iMild heads, crowfeet, wrinkled brows,
narrow ehe«t*. wubbly lega are poor reeontmemla.
Mom. for « job where physical qiialificatioiia an* lhe
prime consideration.
We have aaid it time* without number "He who
would In* free mtiat himaelf find utrikc the blow,"
| The WtirKlllfr vimm it* miumij mgmim*n *** -mVm-m.
the tritth til thia aaaertiou. -N'etef itakaa *.**. ,*i\
compelled lo eonfeaa, aomewhat reluctantly we'll
admit, that Ihe Krtmt waaa ean atill lie aitMtackiil
by those whow material intereata nre lieat aitlnwnetl
hy beepwf litem m «hik»i»ihis, «»v»» Um»W*> *■» ■>»""•*
they th have oeeaalonal otithiirata of Itrtital frank-
nam w exemplified in Ihe aenlence: "Tmii old at
(Contluued from Pake One)
yt,*.  ■',    .;. ,
I don't.Jmowf'whether m-y Crteud fias
special reference to any particular
officer, but let mo state tbat -the unemployed scheme waa no election
dodge, and the writer is prepared?to
defend the attitude of. the Board. on
said question before any Local or at
Uie next District Convention, .JMr-
tlier, I do not know of a -cent spent by
any officer electioneering, and whilst
it may come, with bad grace from, myself, I want to state most emphatically
that I have never asked a vote or even
a nomination, directly or indirectly, of
any man, not even a most bosom
friend, d-aring my life. Further, with
all due ^respect to my friend, Bro.
Thomas Uphill, 1 am convinced I T-vould
be still occupying the office of Local
Secretary at Pernie had I not decided
to stand down when I did. -Hence I
feel that the better position for all
men to take is to strictly avoid seeking
the vote or favor of any party, no
matter how friendly.' If a man Is not
satisfied to stand on his past record
then I would not give much for an
election promise; it's top much like
many of our new year resolutions.
However, as friend John says,
"Don't blame .no one, but blame tae
syBtem und try and Improve It." -Well,
as already atated, there are a few
more weeks before our Convention,
hence -I hope this question will receive
the consideration lt merits prior to
that time.
John then states: "By all means let
the members do their own thinking,
but they should be encouraged to think
Intelligently and collectively."
Let the writer again listen to the
sweet music of his own horn, and state
that from an. industrial standpoint if
there Is any question asked of lilm to
which he has given due consideration
he will be prepared at all times to
give opinion and advice when sought
I have not had an opportunity ot
viewing the scenic beauties of Beaver
Mines (not because It is an unimportant Local) but let me tell Brother
John that I do make occasional suggestions when I visit the (moro important) Locals.
Then wo come to the point vhich 13
discussed -considerably today—i. e.,
the question of all contracts expiring,
ing at one dine, and for my friend's
and others Information, I wish to state
that in the last Rocky Mountain Association Convention which Bro. Elmer
and I attended ou behalf of this District, we opposed the idea ot an interstate movement, and said convention,
representing the six districts of the
North West, decided that they would
make this a matter of discussion at
when I sincerely hope sufficient of
Uie delegates will have arrived at the
point where, t-hey are prepared to ac
cept said idea.
My friend is rather wide of the mark
when he woijjd m-ako^ lt appear that
Knsland. Scotland and Wales amalga-
INQUESt ON'MINE'   "      '"'   ""
;',     (Continued from Page One) "A
wards,1 applied certain pressure on the
artificial air supply, with the result
that it was impaired to a painful degree, -and when he was found there
were' exterior indications of suffocation. McFegan, the remaining member,' undoubtedly slightly displaced his
apparatus, but his proin.pt departure
from the danger zone' speaks for itself. The-action of E. Hesketh of
the rescue party in placing the cylinder of pure oxygen In front of Adam-
son's face while he was unconscious
in the jnlne, without doubt kept the
spark of life still glowing, and the
prom.pt and continuous application of
the pulmotor after hrs removal therefrom accomplished the desired result
of restoration.
All of the apparatus that was in use
at the time of this unfortunate occurrence was part of the equipment constantly on hand at the Company's office. ' We make this explanation as
there nre some parties under the Impression thnt part of the apparatus
was from the Government Mine Rescue Station, and we wish to correct
the impression.
The ovidenco of Dr. Moore was to
the effect that at the time of his arrival at Coal Creelt, at which time the
pulmotor had been applied to Mr.
Evans for an hour and a half, he was
uhivble to note any heart action by
meanB of the stethoscope, and the pupils of the eyes were dilated. In spite
of this the pulmotor and artificial respiration exercises were continued for
ii peiiod of three hours ni.ir? without
avp'.l. Mr. Moore had also performed
ii'i autopsy on deceased, the E-iumuary
of which was that death had been caused hy suffocation froon ln!nHn.-g nox
ious !,ascs. While the doctor oould
hot definitely state the number of gases involved, he had fount sufficient
indications to conclude that carbon
rfciiox'de had -been a prominent factor
in f,uiie. Prom a physiiil poln': cf
v'ew' there had been found no defects
wlii.-l> could be attributeJ to the sudden demise.
Mr. George O'Brien, instructor at
the local Mine Rescue Station, was
called, and with exacting detail described the events leading up to and including his connection with the affair.
Mr. O'Brien, in discussing the apparatus gave a very thorough description
of it, in addition to which he gave a
practical demonstration of tbe two
types of apparatus, and In this-waB
assisted by Mr. Robt. Johnstone, who
is in charge of the company apparatus at Oial Creek Colliery. Wltneis
further stated that since tho accident
lie had nut all the company's rescu-e
ai>i>aratus and ' equipment through a
rigid teBt, and that he had found tliem
all In excellent condition, and to em-
phasi/.e this, that as a result ot his
findings lie would feel entirely safe
iu donning any pf the sets in question
and entering any place where the atmosphere was known to be vitiated to
.   ■•_    .  OVER THE "CENTRAL."
-It is thought best that knitter^.con- •-;"■■'■■,   _■»■'       -\ k- .
centrg/te. as' much as ^possible on -BOfks ■ The -Central Ikotel Is now tinder new
as the need for these is by.tar the management,  and'=.William Etechwig,
greatest. .  Every one cannot turn a Jr.,. assures the' puhlie that no effort
heel,  but anyone, can knit' the  leg,- on his part will be spared tb cater
which Is just\& large wristlet faevfnty satisfactorily to.the solid and-liquid
stitches round,    and. twelve -inches requieranents^of hiVpitrons.
long).    So^if the less experienced will •' ■■—. ^—— --
knit the.legs and send to-MTS-JRogers ATTENTION; POULTRY FANCIERS!
they will be finished -by some of ihe -        -;	
better knitters.     As some, of the ar- All students of avlcpUure are here-
ticles sent in were so small as to'be i by notified tha't a meeting will be held
useless, knitters are again warned to «■»"*»•■» "i""*' -*»««  -ti-imHct.nov*. at
cast off very loosely.,'".            ■"
The following -knitted goods were
sent away in a recent shipment:
.  50 Belts, 9? pair wristlets, 89 pali
socks,   -mufflers, 2 pair knee pads, 1
water bottle cover, 18 helmets.   .
Following are the donations, for the
1 pail
(Mrs. - White, 'Hosmer-—-1 cap.
iMlss White, Hosmer—1 bolt
-Mrs. Bateman—1 "belt.
.Mrs. Barnes—1 cap.
Mrs. DobBon—3 pair sock^
Mrs. Zene, Elko—1 pair socks.
•MrB. Tully—2 pair socks, 2 belts^
IMrs. Yeats—I pair socks.
Mrs. Kefoury—2 pair wristlets.
Edith Kennedy—1 -pair wristlets.
-.Mrs. Lane—1 pair wristlets.
IMrs. Carllle—1 pair socks,
.Mrs. Wllmott, Jaffray—Wool.
|n' the Miners' ifiall. Tuesday .next, at,
7.30.p.rav, for the purpOatfof discussing
ways and means-looking to the formation of a .poultry • association for Fernie
and district.  -
- '■   ',,'-<
Sundiy," Jan. it—Rev. W; K!.- Thompson, of Cranbrook,>-wiil--'conduct the
services for'the -day,■ '2.30 pm, Sunday school. Wednesday, 7.30 p.m.,
prayer meeting. .Thursday, 7.45 p.m.
Thoughtful Workers. -W. J.o IMc-
Quarrle, B.A„ mlnUter!   '
A sale of home cooking will be held
In the -Methodist Church schoolroom
on Saturday afternoon, Jan. 16th, from
3 to 6 p.m.
Knox Cradle Roll—Remember the
Mother's meeting, on Wednesday afternoon, Jan. 20th, at 3.30 p.m. -Mrs. Mott
will talk on "Simple Diseases of Children and Their Remedies."
Mr. Thos. McGovern and -Miss Alice
Halstein, both popular employees of
the -Michel Hotel, were married on
Tuesday at the -Methodist Parsonage
by Rev. D. iM. Perley. .Mr. and Mrs.
-M-cGovern will reside In Michel.
Dick Wolanskl, an Austrian, ls being
held by the military authorities on
account of foiling to report monthly,
as well as advising some of his fellow countrymen not to comply with
the regulations now In force in this
lt. L. June, formerly in business In
Fernie Annex, wbo moved from here
to Burton -City, had the misfortune to
lose both his building and contents on
Saturday Ipst, .by fire. The loss is
partially covered by Insurance.
mated 20 yea-rs ago, and let me state
lhat whilst tireat Britain may have! Um extent that human life could not M
the ifioal powerful or'tantKatlon In the mipporled   for   even an Inunlteimal
world lu many respects It Is no thanks
to them, and I am of the opinion that
were it not for tlie many drawbacks
which we encounter owing to the cos
mopolltan make-up or our organization, we, too, would have some union,,
It would appear that the Idea of the
tii'ticrul Htr Ike, dm mentioned by my
friend, wns not so awfully deep-rooted
in Britain, else they would bave embarked upon auch an tx proteat against
the present bute-hery which ls making
Europe hell, as Brother John states.
Most of the points mentioned In
Brother .lolin'a letter nro briefly totieh-
ed upon, true, and whilst I admit that
I nKiy tie prejudiced tn favor of our
syfltem of election, I am from .Mliaourl
and have yet to be iihown where the
Britlt-h system has many advantages
over oun.
TrtiNtlnff our membership, as already
stated, will give this matter the attention It deserves, and reciprocating
Bro. Ix>UKtiran'i good wishes.
Yours sincerely,
11. MfiBB.
length of time. At thc outset or the
final session of tho inquest, Mr. Thos.
Graham, Crlef Inspector of -Mines for
the.Province, applied to the coroner
lo be allowed sufficient scope at Mils
investigation so as to include the cause
of the explosion. The Coroner'took
exception to the inquest being transposed Into a dual enquiry, as he considered that the explosion was not relative to the fatal necident, and -also
In view of having received some objections to such method being adopted.
Apart from thia, however, tie tho««ht
there should he a separate enquiry In
connection with the explosion: JVv
Graham iu replying stated that his
reason for making the request was
that by the two being Incorporated In
one considerable expense would he
eliminated, but In view of the Coroners decision, and as the public at
large were entitled to the fullest Investigation, he took this opportunity
to announce that steps would be tm
mediately taken -fry hia department to
have such In tbe near future,
Marquis oil t rewr*. tim-v-niHu-ii'i U-aiU ir, himU tlu-
-vtatetnetit thai tlie rwl of the near -mffrht tlepetn! <m
.i-oiKniiic f««'lom Nu'w-eil »« inflilary «iw. He
miflit *\m bave tiM-ad that it waa eennomie faetvira
that started the war wlfti equal troth, hnt then the
One Mnn hint ihi |*ra*eleiilly Worked liy thi* ex-
«t*n»M*w»f-*l* wnttUl have gnffeml.
■*» * '
"Universal Moving Pictures" any night at
Ullir 3ata
Through amagmmata with the Universal Company we will
be able to gtve oar patrons tke latest aad best subjects on tbe
imrket.    The Universal Company at present are tbe oni) com-
imny releasing ftltmt In Canada, and we get litem right after
relente In Vancouver, wbleb means we will have tbe
A vivid dramatisation ot Hag* Cwmfe *»te«»dl«i* myttntf
D7."ffarol<r*W.~K: A'naefsonrfSrmefly
Fernie's City Health Officer, left Vic
torla on Tuesday last as Captain of li.
Section of the 4th.Medical Corps, en
route east-bound. - At ...Winnipeg "A"
and "C" Sections .will be picked up,
these two sections are from Alberta
and Saskatchewan,
Sunday, Jan. 171—11 a.m., "A Great
General"; 7.30 -p-m., "A Vocation, an
Avocation and a Hobby.'' Oloaday,
7.30 p.m., Epworth League, Rev. D.
K. Robertson, of Christ Church, will
glvo an address ^ Thursday prayer
meeting at 7.30. Priday, choir practice, 8. .Saturday sale ofhon» cooking at 3 p.m., Jan. 16th.
A meeting of the Wester* Coal Operators Association was- held- in the offices of the Crow's Nek -Pass Coal Co.
here on Friday.-, The election of officers was held,'-which -resulted tn th-tl
same officials retaining their positions.,
Mr. Lewis Stockett, president, and Mr.
W. F. McNeill, commissioner, both of
Calgary. . •    .--"■■'   -
The following officers, of the local
Lodge of Knights' of Pythias -Ko. 31,
were duly installed inI their respective
offices on Tuesday evening: J.,
Coombe. CC; Chas, tdhxer, ViC;
John Tudhope, Prelate; ■% Turnbull,
Master of Works; F, Ayre, .Master at
Arms; Jas. Maddison, -Master of Fln-
nnre and Exchequer; David 'Black,
Keeper of Record's""and Seal; P.
Alton, I.G.; T. Ratcllffe, O.Q.
W. L. Phillips, left tor Calgary on
Wednesday morning's train to discuss
questions incident to lhe, coal mining
Industry with Wf F. iMcNelll, Commissioner of the. Coal -Operators Association, and whilst in the city will attend a convention,tb.be held on Thursday. Jan. 14th, called to consider the
labor representatives and the civic authorities from- different cities ln the
Province of Alberta will participate.
All residents of Fertile' who desire
to become naturalised British subjects
should note that Judge 0. H, Thompson will be here Friday, January 14th,
for tho purpose; of receiving amplications as per the recently enacted Naturalisation Act.
A. I. Fisher, who witb his wife and
son spent tho Christmas festivities
back in his old home returned this
neck. He n'ports thnt conditions In
Toronto and thn other large cities
visited are Improving trom a business
viewpoint consequent upon the manufacturer! having received some Very
heavy mah ordera from the Qrltlah
War Department.
A. K. Watts, associated with the
Cranbrook Prospector, Is tbe author
of an Innovation tn Journalistic "amenities." -lie has challenged a co-tem.
to public debate with the understanding ihat If he falls to nwike good certain statements, made regarding the
doughty Mr. W„ that he submit to
horse-whlpplng ut the hands of tha ladles. This ought to make a spicy Item
for the "sporting" page ot the Herald.
How*s This?
W» attr On* Hundrwl Dollin Iti-mrd i«r »n»
-Mi ot QiUrrb Xb*X ouraot bt ctiiml liy JU11*
CaUrrti Curt,
r. j. qurasY a co., toWo, o
W-t, On wdtrtliMd, T*m» known r. J. Ctien-fr
far Uw lut tl yem. tnd Win* him prrtwtly Ikk-
anv* in «U tHWwa umimOom ud HuneMlr
*Mt tt tntrr wt ut oMimtlani mad* by Mi ami.
",«o  *■
diitcilr ui
ipon I
NwtOML Ums or Onu-mrir,
Cat* la
i WntHj »nd mueotM
HlUM CbtUth OM* UttW
ipon lm> blwid »n« mue _..       .
inmWi met in*. Mr-* tl Mat* rat
Toledo, OMo.
bittrnuly, sMIni
MM mlttlCM At tit
«ottl«.  Md b» tit OrtiHlita.
T»lt* lUU'l f««Ur ItlE lw fnsillpitlOS.
Ifyou ave after goods at rocjk-bottom
tiguros look at our window anil you
will receive a surprising shock as our
prices liave anything: ever before offered
the public knocked-out to a finish.
"Oeld Mar Orama In 4 Parta
tne UnUtrssl Cft's lattae net met* tMIWM-f Hartal
The Trey O' Hearts
Br UMto Jaeeph Vaaea
We him a Prefotltlon teetttryeonrtWlml Uriee. WatcM far It
aad^paaaafial murn, *• mtit.
Wttb a poH«» la oar «M l!ae
eompanr. roe esa m off oa yoar
vacatton or visit tke ends ot Uw
tnnb and yvn koow yoe'te -se*
mre,   Maaheetia
tint INIUR4N61
la alwaya ebeapa*. aad eaoaei-
sll> ao wbea It doesn't coat
bttber. Dont tnjny abowtkat
nmonl or aboet tbat eatra la-
auraawt yon want bot eoaM rtghi
In tut, xnit nnit i\n-m H mtewM
mm* mme* m.ocK«       n       rsftnie, m* c. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEKlflE, B. C, JANUARY 16, 1915.
5?/ r
' -"->"•
-Alan.Graham, .with Herchmer and
itartiate'law   firm,  has, received  a
■cable {r»m England that -his .brother,
> Itiqhard,'Graham;   lst   lieutenant   of
• King's Own Scottish Borderers, has
been killed in action in France.
.-John   C. ..Turner, recently elected
vice-president of Wonthaggi (Victoria)
Miners' Local,.reports that tbe ^teh-or
.^Parliament has-loaned eighteen uiil-
Uion pounds sterling (£ 18,000,0U0) to
; various states so that public  works
may be undertaken as an aid., to the
alleviation of distress caused by the
unemployment problem.
H-om-emher tlie . dato ot, the grand
Masquerade, Jau, 25tii; also remember
the cause: To relieve the distressed.
Further, remember, It you are a member of nny fraternal.order, that this
is being held under the auspices %t the
combined- fraternnl societies and the
Ladiea* -Benevolent Society, Price $l.
A., first class orchestra will he in attendance, whil,e the eats will be provided by the ladles of the various ordors, which should be nuf sed. -
♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ■       ♦
<+>         COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
. Before His Honor Judge Thompson
nt the regular session of the -County
Court; two criminal cases were disposed of when Mike Sysion, of -Michel,
charged with obstructing and assaulting a -police officer, was sentenced to
IS months with hard labor. Sysion,
while being arrested at Michel a few
tlayB ago by Constable English, brutally resisted, calling on two of his
companions for assistance, the officer
helng subjected tb gross Indignities,
nnd: severely.bitten and kicked by the
-.icciised during the fracas. .However,
in spite of tbe overwhelming odds,
Constable English effected the. arrest,
with the result that Syysion will not
again be permitted to perform his
brutal methods for some time.
John Kenda, who stabbed two fellow countrymen in a brawl at Hosmer
si,, few weeks ago, was found guilty of
attempting to do grlevlous bodily harm
and sentenced to one year with nard
labor at Nelson Provincial Gaol.
When the call for one hundred men
was received at Victoria to reinforce
the Princess Pats" now at the front,
the number of ellglbles making appli-
catlon' was so great drawjng^by. lot
had to be resorted to. Tho only
fernie, representative who drew a
lucky number was Wm. Worthington,
formerly In the employ of TrlteB-Wood,
The mines were idle from 3 p.m.,
Friday, until 7 a.m., Monday.
,Mlss Kirkpatrick, of the Trltes-iWood
staff, was the guest of Mr. and. Mrs.
Jim- .McPherson this week-end.
The Slavnian fraternity celebrated
A meeting of ratepayers ls called for
Friday evening, Jan, 22nd, to elect a
secretary to the school board in place
of H. Johnstone, resigned.
Quite a large number of Creekites
journeyed to Fernie on Tuesday to
take in the "Pantages" at the Grand,
but owing to the late start and frequent waits were unable to. see the
end of the show. Probably the management will rectify this in future. .
The relief committee met on. Tuesday and attended to several case1;.
General Manager Wilson ls i constant visitor in this camp these days.
We regret to report that H has been
necessary to remove Tom, Ma»on to
hctiii'.al for treatment. We wish lilm
t. speedy recovery.
Tlint the spirit of chivalry ls belug
inculcated into the minds of our school
children was evidenced on Tuesday,
when John Simpson, Eddie Glover,
Sam Fowler, W, Puckey, J. Corlett and
VV. Miller, schoolboys of this camp,
turned out witli shovels and axes to
clear the steps leading to the bridge
crossing the creek and tracks, thus
enabling the younger element to pass
over in safety. Our thanks, as parents, go out to them. ,
, Kobert Johnstone and family are
conte-ni-platlgg a visit to the Old Country. Bob is in receipt of a letter
I from a brother whom he has not seen
tor 11 gear's, now in hospital suffering
from wounds received at the front.
Their many frit-nds wish thom" bon
The female element of this camp
have been put to considerable inconvenience by having to plow their way
through the snow In order to make
the 6 p.m. train below the tipple.
A large number of Creekites took in
!he annual civic entertainment Monday evening at Fernie. Bravo, Jack-
The meetln*-- f •' '.of the members
of the Club to nominate and elect a
new treasurer has been postponed until further,, notice.
Sunday school; 7.30, services by supply.    Everybody welcome,   .
We regret to learn that Wm. Mitchell Is seriously 111, suffering from
Internal trouble.' We wish him a
speedy recovery.
The chicken stealers are in eamp
jajrnin.   The victim this time;, Is Tom
J. A. Tupper      1.00
0. X. Woods :      1.00
R.v Shack       l.Oi
James Towey . j      2.00
J. Henney       2.00
R. Spruston   •      2.00
Di Fiasa      1.00
The Dockage Fund 164.00
Total ?2S7.50
Great credit is due to the ladies of
.Michel for the able maner in which
they handled the whole affair.
Michel, B,C.
To tbe Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—With reference to Mr.
Curry's letter appearing • in last
week's issue, 1 wish to say tbat every
contract miner, as well as myself,
knows how. every cent of the money
subscribed was expended, and for the
benefit of others who may wish io
know, I call their attention to tills
week's Michel notes.
It may be that a few children over
the age of 21 did not get a sack, hence
the kick. Both Mr, Curry and the
ladles who worked so hard to make
the treat a success are to be congratulated for their efforts.
Yours truly,
ti. BEARD,
Sec. of the Christmas Fund
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
The mines here worked one day last
week, but we expect to do a little this
week.       v)
.Miss Lee, school teacher, resumed
work In the early part of last week,
looking, and apparently feeling, much
better for ber short holiday at Nelson, B. C.
Jack Crawford returned from Edmonton on Mohday of last week, where he
had been visiting friends. He reports
having had a good time in the cowboy
city letting the old year out and tbe
new year in.
On December 29th a juvenile enter
tninmeut was held in the school, Bea
ver Mines, when a rehearsal of the
concert which should have been staged
on Christmas fcve was given. The
children acquitted themselves very
creditably, and great praise Is due to
their teacher, Miss Lee, for bringing
them to such perfection' in sq. short
To the Bditor, District Udger. i Whm„, Coyote Street
Dear Sir,—I noticed tn one of your
issues of the Ledger that our Secretary, Frank -Uarrlngham, was advocat- ♦ HILLCREST
Ing for ell the workmen here to join
the Local, I think he would Improve
Aiuttera a good deal If he advocated
to have an hoaptt-al here, Instead of
workmen that gat lame alao being
frozen to des tta by being taken to Diamond City Hospital in a democrat.
I would like to hear what Frank
h;u got to any about this through your
valuable paper.
Youra truly,
Coulhurot, uear Kipp, Alta.,
Jan. 13, 1916.
(Ws would aak, "Hospital" if he
would put up bin stovepipe before he
had ibe stove in position? Probably
Uro. Barrlngham will reply   lo   this
Pleased to report Jack Howard on
the high road to recovery.
. Wednesday night whistles tooted
"No work!" The four daya enforced
holiday waB taken advantage of by
some and a moat enjoyable dance was
one of the features held In the Union
Hall, whilst other citizens participated
in a free dance at nellevue given by
IMrs. Rudd.
♦ ',.'.*-
Tbe following person* contributed
to tbe; Christmas• nhlertalument for
tbe children ot Michel:
W. ft. Wilaon  $25.00
Michel Brewery    15.00
Crahan    10.00
,.     5.00
Kion Australia comes the word that
xtor-M of all kinds close at 6 o'clock
every evening and on Saturday nt I
o'l'loi*. tbla Includea dry goods «m j Thoa,
perlum* aa It baa been found poaalble j Mlcbel Light Co. .
to -educate tbe buying public to tbe nd- j Imperial Bank ....
vantages conferred u-pon tbe employ-ia: T, Rnsaelt 	
by lessening thflr working hour*. -Thin j P. Burnt tt Co. ..
happy result waa   not   acoompllihed I P. Korrltta	
without considerable opposition front]ll.C. Wetdon ....
thorn wbo loudly proclaimed Ua lm-jWeaiern flroeeriea
practicability and tbe lots of trade tlfce- * ll. N* Hotel 	
ty lo enaure,   It haa been proven that 'j J. AHomare 	
tunc tbe buying public reallie that tf j«». Fisher 	
they wish to make tbelr purehaaeajT. II. Craban ....
within certain preacrlbed bonrn It bsHT.Mrtlovern .....
-comes a mutter of habit. }H. Heard   	
If-rrnle   merchants   bave   not   yet I Jan Mediae 	
reathed tbo .Mutrallun atandord  !»j T. rarirldge	
their treatment   of  tbelr employees,;J, Itollrla 	
bnt the Wednesday early closing move- j J. Beigle	
rm at la » at*p la tbe rlghl direction.. w. Moon 	
end aow tbat it bas bean Inaugurated ■ •>• •• Woods 	
we hope that all mar rontinne tb*iA. Wui*l 	
prartlee, aa It la only fair tbat tboae Mlebel Reporter ,
who pat tu eatra time on Saturday  Mr*. Wylie 	
ulttbta ahould bi» given consideration f F. Owen  	
"5rfr*Tr"GTMoiore supplied"
the eats, which were much enjoyed,
nnd considering there was no chairman a very enjoyable evening was
spent. Public opinion Is very much
divided'here on the question of whether a chairman is necessary at a social
function or not. Some contend that
he ls an acquisition, while others say
he is out of date. But whether the
darts are aimed at the chairman on
principle it ts difficult to savvle
A very pleasant evening was spent
al the Beaver Hotel on Xew Year's
night, when a large number of friends
were entertained to supper by Mr. and
Mrs. J. Newhouse, After doing justice to an excellent spread, cards and
other games were Indulged ln until
A quiet wedding took place at the
Presbyterian Manse, Pincher Creek, on
the 29th ult., when John Herbert
(Bert) Lamb and -Mlas Florence Eva
(Worry) 8mttli, both of Beaver Mines,
were united In the bonds of matrimony.
After the ceremony the happy couple
eel out for their home on Bert's homo-
■Mr. and Mrs, Harry Drew *,<x»er-
Mined a party of f*t»nda at thelt home,
Heaver Mlnea, on New Yt-mrV Uve.
There waa plenty of harmony nnd a
very enjoyable time waa spent,
On Tueaday of laat week H, Cole,
formerly of the boarding house, Beaver, and Kd, -Moore, Beaver, were fined
150.00 and 125.00 ahd costs, respectively, at Pincher Creek Court. For
about alx months, 11. Cole and W. j
Maker have been running the aaw mille
J0'J^j formerly owned by W. O. Sherwood,
and a few weeks ago tliny hed occasion to "fire" tbe man In charge of
the steam botlere. Bd. Moore, being
a practical boiler man, but without
paiiera, was put In charge for a time.
Acting on information, however, Constable Byrne moved in the matter,
hence the fines. That It waa a dirty,
low down trick la the opinion of the
for the past 12 months, but as they
were short of funds they could not do
so. After fully discussing thd" pros
and cons of the case, and- taking into
consideration that the tendency of the
present age is to specialize everything
connected with -medical science, hence
the opinion expressed by those
present was that the preservation
of tbe lives and limbs of the membership- should be the first duty of the
organization, and that no member
should-have to suffer 12 months because the funds of his local were exhausted in trying to relieve cases of
distress. Therefore the following resolution was unanimously carried:
"Whereas the funds    of    several
locals had-to be used  in order to
meet cases of exceptional distress,
we recommend that the expenses of
nil members who are sent to medical specialists   or   medical institutions, on the advice of a duly qualified   medical   practitioner, be  paid
from the District funds."
A circular bearing the  president's
signature and containing several resolutions,  and   amendments    to    the
Constitution   were   next   considered,
and as they all appeared to be in order
they were endorsed en masse.
The  following   resolution  was  also
unanimously agreed to:
"Whereas the agreement existing
between the Western Operators' Association and District 18, U. M. W.
of A. terminates on March 31st, we
recommend that no contract be entered into which does not terminate
on the same date as the miners contracts at present 'in existence in
other parts of Canada and the neighboring states of America."
"Whereas the system of electing
a District President and a District-
Secretary Treasurer annually is expensive and under the present conditions unsatisfactory, we recommend that the system be .llscontlnu-
ed, and that the recall be made more
simple than at present."
And further:
"That any member who has been
in good standing in this organization for three consecutive years, and
would be eligible according to Sec,
3, Article (!, of the Constitution, may,
on obtaining two or more nominations tor any District Office about
' to become vacant, address the mem-
trlct 18 on Trade Unionism and kindred subjects.1'
A committee-was also appointed to
consider the wage scale at present In
existence at -Beaver -Mines.-      »
.Mike Ross quit the Pacific Hotel
last week and took a trip we^t.
Russian Christmas was well kepr
up iu Coalhurst this year. "Johnny
Walker" and "Alberta's Pride" being
much in evidence.
Quite a number f outside mt.n have
been given employment this past week
working in the power house, where
new boilers are being installed.
Harry Paul quit the mine last week
and intends going East.
Harry TIiohihs is leaving this week
and is intending to start up iu business either in Sprlnghlll or Amherst,
Xova Scotia.
Dominic Sahara paid all expenses
of the dance and social held in tlie
Miners' Hall on January Sth. Dominic
is the proprietor of the Italian grocery
store and is a strong supporter, of the
Socialist njovement.
Ma-nuel Purdy was acting locomotive
engineer a few days last week, the
regular man beliis? laid up with Injuries received in au accident In the
power house last Thprsday.      »
An invitation dance and pleasant
evening was spent at the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Pelletier on Friday last In
honor of the coming''Of age of their
youngest daughter, •Philomene.
Joe Blakey quit this week and has
secured work in Canmore.
Charlie Prescott is moving out and
taking his family north.
There ls a rumor that the company
are about to lay off quite a number of
men pretty soon on account of poor
give your officers    some    encouragement. .
The local Rebekahs nominated the
following officers for the ensuing term
at their regular meeting in the Eagles'
Hall on Tuesday evening: Xoble Grand
-—Miss lt Seedworth; Vice-Grand—Mrs
T. Boyle; Recording Secretary—Mrs.
O. Fairburst; Treasurer—Miss M.
Monfort; Chaplain—Mrs. G. Grafton;
Financial Secretary—^Miss M. Monty;
Conductor—Mrs. D. Roberts; 1. G.—D.
Reid; O G.—E. Parish; R, S. X. li.—
McKean Hunter; L. S. N. G.—Mrs. J.
-McAulay; R.S.V.G.—Mrs. A. Smith:
L.S.V.G.—IMrs. D. Reid.
Tlie proprietors of one of the Chinese
restaurants in town was "pulled" the
other day by Corporal Grant, of the
It.X.WlM.P., and fined $125,25 for supplying liquor without a license.
News has just reached Mrs. C. ■ Mc-
Gaskell of the death of her husba'U
by drowning'on the Pacific coast. Since™ -sympathy is extended to the widow aii 1 family.
A. J. Carter, Dave Rees and Wm.
Graham were visitors in Coleman the
first part of this week.
The McGillivray Mines were, idle
three days last week and the International Mines have only worked one
day this week so far.
The Relief Society has arrangements
made for another dance in the Opera
House on Friday, Jan. 22nd.
Classified Ads, -Gent a Word
HOUSE FOR RENT—Four rooms;
West Fernie.   Apply, A. Luke, Ska 381.
TOR -SALE CHEA-P-7-Two pair Iwavy
Bob Sleighs, practically new. Apply,
S. Graham, co., T«e 41 Meat Market,
ply, G6, Chipman Avenue, Annex.
often follows a hard cold or
cough because the lungs are
weakened from inhaling tiny
particles of dust] and because
they work without fresh air.
strengthening food-tonic thst every
miner needs—Its nourishing power
makes the blood rich and active; it
peculiarly strengthens the lungs,
makes healthy flesh and strong
muscles.   Inolmt on SOOTHS*
1-4-53    Scott & Uowne, Toronto, Ontario.
♦ ♦
To Mr. and Mrs. McCullock,
I M M « H
a son.
Capt. Marsh's recruits of Frank were
visitors to the Bellevue rink on Monday, nud in apite of the renown they
had won were vanquished by "Oil's"
Bob Evans, of the Evan Bros, Livery
Barn, met with a rather painful accident whilst coming from Xo. 2 mine.
His horses shied and bolted, and Bob,
unfortunately, in jumping, did not
quite get clear, the wheels of bla waggon paaslng over his hand badly
smashing it,
We were a little out In our estimation of the number of days that we
were likely to work, the mine only
working two daya last week.
It Is with considerable pleasure we
record the advent In our midst ot Mr.
Legg, who lias leaned the Workers'
Hall for a picture palace. It Is apparent from the price of ndmlaalon that
Mr, Legg appreciates the conditions
here, for on MonJay night be donated
the proceeds of two shows, which amounted to aomp IBO, fo the !/>cnl tor
relief purpoaea. Pres. Barwlck, e%.
preaaed hia thanks rrom the platform
to Mr. Legge for hia generosity.
Some of this burga' residents have
received letters In a remarkable «t«t*
of preaervatlon wbleb were recovered
from the wrecked Kmpreaa of lr«»l»n<l,
The regular meeting of Loc»l til
will convene at Uie usual hour, when
the Resolution Committee recommendations will ba discussed.    Alao
♦ COLEMAN .    ♦
♦ ♦
Wednesday evening a whist tournament took place between St. Albans
and the ICnights af Pythias, the latter
winning by a score of 199 to 197.
Lunch was served during the evening.
Coleman Hockey Club journeyed to
Rellevue on Wednesday and defeated
the locals by the score of 6 to 5 after
nearly two hours' play. On Friday
evening they had the Frank team as
opponents at home, but Coleman easily
outclassed them and won by the score
of 8 to 3.
The death took place early on Wednesday morning of Evelen Jean, at the
Mrs. Wm. Burns, of West Coleman.
Mrs. .1. Glendenning underwent an
operation in the Miners' Hospital on
Wednesday morning. *
Coleman Aerie No. 1140, F. O. E.,
nominated the following officers at
their regular meeting at the Eagles'
Hall on Saturday evening: Worthy
President—D. Rogers; Past Worthy
Presldent—E. Barnes; Vice President
—W. -Banks; Chaplain—W. Smith;
Secretary—J. Beveridge; Treasurer—
W. Thomson; Trustees—J. Stevenson,
E. Parish, H.Decoste,     Now,    boys.
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation   In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Oate — Every    Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.
il. A. CAL.LAN, Prop.
H. 6. GOODEVE GO. Ltd.
of the Pass
We will furnish your bouse from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.    All orders given
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tell others.   If not satisfied, tsll us.
i i ' r r. r.
The  Quality  Store
Are offering at COST  PRICE for
Cash the following lines
rinrlag tba week.
M. Itoaaltt     t.«0
fleavsrltea. easing that the mill Is do-u,,,, MjtftjMI of delegates to the Ola.
In* practically nothing, owing to there ,r|ct convention. A large ettendance
being little encouragement to W-»• I u desirable.
Inlc   li*   Uiilljtlna*    hmmm   frtt*   <anmn   Mm* !
Jack  Craftford.  after  a   fraltleaa
liil-f- Iii tnilldlti* horo for mm* Mm*
W«- isearth for the "alnslve- lob haa re-
About 11 o'clock on Monday evening»,„„„,,, t6 (j,|t -^^
of laat week, a dwelling house owned;
mid formerly occupied it*t Jack H'iff, ■,+ + + + + + + + + + + + +
near the railway weigh bridge, ll»aver, j^ ^
aot burned ont. For aboutthr-w- woekat^ COALHURST #
tin,   t.-nt-icn    ■**■*«   nttiitiitlfi**   ***'    i-l.'-imV
HWVIn.     tb* wtirln of tb* tl** 1* on
Wi MKS"H ftWKATKR ('OATH, all this kmiikhi'x gowla? nil 'ai»* mul n full assortment of
coloro,    I'riiH'H from ,  $1.10 to $4.26
140 MKX'KOAIH aphrndM aawirtinant; ruirular *I.(K> <<> #1-75, now .... 75c. $1 and$1.26
STA.NTIKL1) Hoav.v Grey Wool WNUIvltWKAH, jht wr m  $1.80
KUWK-LINKI) I'NDKHWKAH. |n»r -suil    05e.
SO SIB.VH All-wool StaRR MACKINAW SlIIHTSt tvir. *:i..'i(), Mi)K| ImmI.-hiv.!. ,   $2.40
15 hAWKH' HWKATKH t'rtATMj nnv.i, rh\v. Iin.wii ami maroon.   Thia h^wm.'* good*.
  $1.46 to $3.20
 60c up
10 Oiil.v I.ADIKS' nml MISHKH' COATS, twin	
TIh'hi* will Im« i-l-pnreil Mow <«oxt.
CHIMIUKX'H YKMTNaiiiI lUIAWKUX. Irm.i \wr RiirmHit
INFANTS' AII-winiI Knit ROMPKItSi A,,,- ,\,t,U .•..!.,!«,
in-n'ib.     From  ,	
HOYS' |»nt|!.l<'.|.miKtf.l HKKFKIt COATS      From  ....
Ml UOVS' St'lTS. Fnnn	
VI IWW**' **ttW xT|.'|>« ni t vmw -VTW ('r% *','v' '   '
Krmi — .
$3.46 to $9.40
v«n  Wtirin a ml jit*i what Buhy
,  $2,45
 $106 up to $400
,      *t   ttw
•v a**.****
-uxru'tAriririOirijnnririfii-iOii-^'-irn ~i~ *■ a- " - ~ '** *"** "•mm-.mmmmmaa *«-*,,*» .*.»,*«»»»,■» .
^____ mm _>*_        ^b .^b ante    an     anv      aik     ^M^.   an^    mbbb
Mr».S. Jennings Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
Have you oaten a la (Vuto at
the Waldorf, over a hnmlred
and fifty courwM ttt msleet
from.    Her vice Hay # Sight
Buwnm Pfaui Imr Ictsi
i0t.iari Biwinlt  -
^r*mm mmtmt wbfwwtw*» ■*
AmHoh Htt ItlM
known. Tbe ho*w» In aald tn be o inly .o'iihI by tn»ii'ance.
Leeel Unlaw Notts
The flrat retnlar meattn-t of th* above
I ri-j-iT for *wr n r-in-ntti irtta b*ii<  rn:
Sunday tbe 10th 'ini. Tbe flrat bn«-«
nesa wa* tbe election of a chairman,
and Uro. D*ve Thomson was the unanimous choice for tbat office.  Aatoagat
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦.
The mine waa Idle on Tburaday and |
Krtdey when the bolstini rope st xo.
I abaft wns taken off and r*i»!»red ry
■i   ttear  nn*
Itom—To «Mr,  and   Mrs.  Thoma*
Adsms. • daughter, January Srd.
A "mini and dance waa held !n Uie
Miners' I'nlon Hall Friday, January
the eorrefpondenfe read wss a letter j»tb, nnder the auspices of :h» iMHnn
fro»Hllleimtl4>ealreferrln«l«iioine|floelal Clab, when a rery pleasam
friction ableheslats -wtwei-n the room•ji-ti-nlna *n» Mijoywl t» ttw iv,mty
bera aad the medlnal attendanl, end|eo«pl#« preteet.
alio stating that It rait tbe i«Ml fjan t Tnesda), Jsno*r>- ith. »»• nstaim.
ta mnt a brother member who waa
aadlr lajared to »peetalliU la Mian.,
Vt. 8. And further, tbat they wonld
have to spend a similar amount la
aead aaatber brother who la ertpplwt
*>t.l**i llttl>
.> MxtJu^ai ttm 4 blM
Come right tlonf tml
Wii-.v .•«.-.) A33 it**.: IVMUlXXriiKi*,,.***
Tha above ar* ill clean, now Stock, bnt we have too many
nukiyonr own choice.    Bay at COST PRICE POR OA8H.
MKN'S. LADIKS'. HOYS'. MISSKS*. Hml CHILDS' SIIOKS »i V* IW <vt,i   H-ifn-tiim
for liiiliiHi-i' of iitinitli.    Tlu** iiiehi-ilf->»jih< iii'vv S|iri»tf \*\nv**.
MKN'S ami IW»VH' Oil Tan HIIOKI'Al KS. fro.w
$1.40 to $1.76
tion alfbt with Udge 106.1. O. O, I*.
There waa • Innte atleadaaee ef -mem-
ben pw-aent a!»l after th-f Inain'.lml.iit
-"uromoriy the craning wa» a|i>»i«t »•!
epeeebes. songa aad recitations.
Phone 25, BLAIRMORE, Alta.
The Store That  SAVES  You  Money
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• u-M-Mj.imc* Sid-UWP
Page SEX
Explosion Experiments in
the Experimental Mine
By L.
■M. Jones, Engineer, U. S.
Bureau of 'Mines
Two series of explosion tests in the
Experimental mine have now been
The first series,' consisting of flo
test?, has been described in -Bulletin
N'o. 5C\ of the Bureau of -Mines. This
series consists principally of demonstration tests, a group of tests in which
coal dust zones of increasing length
were used, and tests for-the determination of the most desirable adjustment
of instruments. The series was, therefore, in ithe nature of a preliminary
study of the development of coal dust
explosions and methods of obtaining
records of the pressures and velocities.
The principal results of these tests was
the knowledge galnefl that'large scale
coal-dust explosion tests could be obtained by firing a blowout shot of
black powder into coal dust, that high-
pressures would result from explosions
developed in coal dust zones of only
500-700 feet, and that the Taffanel or
open shelf type of rock dust barrier
■wan effticeut in stopping -violent explosions.
Extension of Mine and Equipment.
Most of tbe second series of tests
were made from July, 1&13, to July,
1914. At the beginning of this period,
the mine had been extended so that
the length of the main entries was
1,300 feet long, lOOtfoot stub had been
driven to the west from the main entry* 775 feet from the opening, and a
pair of butt entries driven 200 feet
east from the aircourse at points 850
and 900 feet from the opening. Large
instrument stations for recording pressure manometers1 had been built at 200-
foot intervals along the main entry
and small flame circuit breaker stations at tbe 100-foot intermediate
points. The pressure recording, equip
ment has been increased to six manometers, three Taffanell and three British, and an automatic gas sampling
device developed.
During the year, additional instrument stations were -constructed in the
aircourse and an offset made in the
north rib of the 1,250 cut<through, equidistant from the parallel to the entry
and aircourse. In some tests shots
were fired from this -blind entry, the
symmetrical arrangement of  entries
parison of the development of explos
sions on the Intake and return airways.
During the latter part of the year,
an instrument to record the direction
of the air movements during the pro-
giese of the explosion was deve-opci
aod many interesting records obtain-
" ed with it.
Ctaasiflcation of Teats
From July, 1913, to July. 1914, over
100 explosion tests were made.   Much
valuable information was obtained In
regard to tbe following subjects:
1. .The Initiation and development
of coal dust explosions.
2. -The efficiency of shale and lime-
ston$ duat-in -checking propagation and
preventing tbe Initiation of explosions,
3. The determination of the -highest percentage of ehale and limestone
dust, wliich mixed with Pittsburg coal
duet would permit the Initiation of nn
4. The determination of the limiting mixturo wblch would permit propagation of an explosion, initiated In
a 504oot ooal dust cone, alao In a 300-
foot ooal dust zone.
5. Determination of similar limiting mixtures for coal from districts
other thaa the Plttaburg.
8. Tbe effect of small percentages
of gaa la aaalatlng In initiating an explosion through a cone of dust which
otherwise was non-explosive.
7. Hffect of ventilating current on
dftVAlopmont of an exploaton,
I. The Increased facility with wbleb
mixtures of shale and ooal dust ean
be wetted over tbe unmixed coat dust.
ft.   Development of rock dust bar
riers for checking explosions.
Effort to Standardize Tests
The first part of the experimental
period was taken up ia inalcing tests
with "various starting conditions to determine which were most efficient in
giving uniform results. The determination of such conditions was very
important in order that it might be possible to so standardize t'-n test3 as to
pernjit the production w.'th reasonable
accuracy of results when certain prearranged conditions ob-'.ameii. If this
result was attained, comparisons
could be made with greater certainty
when any one ot the .standard conditions was changed.
During the first part of this period
the mine was very damp, but it was
determined to attempt to obtain coal
dust explosions even under these conditions.    It was found: that there was
no difficulty in obtaining sucn explosions if the dust on che side shelves
was, dry.     The  pressures, however,
were consistently low so tests with
many variations in starting conditions
were made to determine the most effective combination.     One of the arrangements tried was firing of permissible explosives at two or three pdints
near the origin, a few seconds before
firing the igniting shot, so as to have
a ready-made   dust   cloud   when   teh
blowout shot  was  fired.     In  some
tests two cannons were used to initiate
the explosions, being so situated as to
cross fire.     Loaded cars wer placed
at intervals along the entry to act as
obstructions.     Coal dust was loaded
in the 1,250 cut-through so that the
pressure resulting from  its ignition
would tend to prevent, in part, tne
release of pressure from entry to air-
course until the explosion had gotten
well started in the main entry.   While
some of these factors undoubtedly assisted  in obtaining higher pressure,
explosion  N'o. 42, for instance, vith
dust in the out-through and cars,.as
obstructions, developed 56 pounds per
square Inch 600 -feet from the origin,
yet all of these auxiliaries were finally
abandoned as being unnecessary, since
when cold weather dried out the mine,
more violent fxploslons with greater
uniformity in results ware obtained.
Standard Adopted .
The final arrangement adopted as
standard was to place the cannon on
pounds of PFP black powder, tamiped
w.th three pounds of clay stemming, to
place 25 pounds of coal dust on floor
boards for 16 feet in front of cannon
and to distribute dust at the rate ot
two pounds per foot on side shelves
throughout the coal dust zone.   These
conditions seemed to give more tint,
form results than any other arrangement.
The flame from the standard charge
of four pounds of black powder stemmed with three pounds of clay ts from
10 to 15 feet In length and of short duration. When coal dust ia plac-rd
on a bench in front of the cannon, It
Is -blown from the bench by the shot
and extends the flame from 75 to 125
feet. The ahock wave from the "flint
nr the first dust ignition, travels away
through all available passages at a
velocity averaging about 1,160 feet per
second. Thia wave, Its reflections
from obstructing surfaces, the move*
mont of gases from the shot and burning coal dust, and the eddy currents
resulting, at' atlr up the coal duat from
the shelves and the Inflammation ad-
vwioes through the resulting cloud
Thia action -continues, coal duat being
continually blown up in a cloud tn
front of the flame by the advance pres-
sure or "pioneering" wnvo and air
At flrat tbe advance of tha flame M
comparatively stow. In explosion No.
65, which la a more or leaa typical
conl dust explosion under tbe standard
conditions aa outlined above, tha flame
record IfcO feet from the origin was
obtained 1.05 seconds after the shot
waa fired.    The velocity iu tbe next
200 feet increased to 775 feet per
second in the following 200 feet. Tbe
maximum pressures developed were 19
pounds per square inch and 64 pounds
per square inch at points 350 and 550
feet from the origin. The explosions
with pure coal dust have usually been
stopped 600 feet from the origin. The
records obtained indicate increasing
pressures as the explosion advances
through the coal dust zone, and it was
thought not advisable to. subject the
ni-lne to higher .pressure than -those
obtained at the 600-foot point, lest -the
resulting damage be too great.
Result from Retonation Waves
A Ktu.iy of the curves from test.*; ot
this k.r-d reveal 'pressure wa,'es running hack toward the origin, from
points of higher pressure outby. Oftentimes the pressure recorded from those
waves, termed retonation waves, are
higher than the pressures due to the
original explosion when it passed tho
same poiuts. In some of the explosion effects which at first thought
seemed very curious and not readily
explained, were caused by these waves. For instances, in one test, two
loaded cars at point 300 and 225 feet
from the face were thrown in the op-
pi/s'tt) direction from tlie main explosion wave and were foi nd after t'.;o
explosion side by side at the faco of
the entry. On o;hor occasions the
cannon has beeu almost burled undtr
a pile of wood fragments, coal r.nd
slate. An investigator entering a
strange mine and seeing such a place
might readily cdnclude that the explosion could not have been started
from the point it had.
The usual experience in observing
from the surface the appearance at
the openings of an explosion has been
that the first evidence was a rattling
of the steel plates on the explosion
door section of tbe fan connection and
an opening of the shaft doors. -About
the same time a putf of dust is seen
at the main opening. If the explosion
is of pure coal dust, even though it has
been checked some distance in from
the opening, almost Immediately after,
tbe first puff a strong outrush of
smoke and dust occurs, accompanied
by a sharp crack. There is an inrush
of air into the -mine after the main
responding'percentage when the ignition zone was 300 feet long.
. Both, puJverlaed:.*flwile, ground- from
the draw :slater above the -Pittsburgh
seam and 'containing 6 to 10 per cent
combustible -matter, and .pulverized
limestone were ..used in these mixtures. It was found that in the case
In which no coal' dust ignition zone
was used a 60 per cent shale dust mixture and a 50 -per cent limestone dust
mixture would permit propagation, but
a *0 per cent shale and 60 per cent
limestone would not ' A 70 per cent
shale mixture averages a*bout32-33 per
cent -combustible., matter while a 60
per cent limestone mixture corres-
ponds to about 36 per cent combustible matter.
In the 50 toot ignition zone series
with mixed dust loading for 300 feet
cut both entries, propagation was obtained through a mixture of 70 shale
and 30 coal.
With tlie 300 foot zone of 80 per cent
shale (explosion tests Nos. 92 and 941
and 75 per ceijt limestone (explosion
Xo. 102) corresponding -to 26.5 and 23
per cent Qf combustible matter respectively, did not permit propagation to
the end of the zone. The combustible
matter in the shale is Included in these
percentages of total combustible, for
the experiments seemed to indicate
that the inflammability of the mixture
depends on the total combustible rather ihan on merely- the combustible In
the coal. A later set of experiments,
using a shale with only 1% per cent
combustible matter, has shown that tt
can be contaminated with a proportionately larger percentage of coal
dust before losing its effectiveness as
a checking agency. It is, therefore,
very deslra-ble In rock dusting to
choose a material having a very low
combustible content.
Comparison of Pressures
~ The difference In influence of a 70
per cent shale and 30 per cent, coal
dust mixture which permits propagation and an 80 per cent shale and 20
per cent coal dust mixture, which does
not, can be shown by comparison of
pressures obtained at various instrument stations. A 70 per cent shale
arid -30 per cent coal dust mixture was
used,in test No. 95 and an 80 per cent
shale and 20 per cent coal dust mixture In test No. 94, both tests having
a 300 foot coal dust ignition zone, ln
test No. 95 the pressure at B.7-50, 250
feet outby the coal dust zone was 24
pounds; this increased to 25 pounds at
15-550 and 41 pounds at E-350. .In test
No. 94 a pressure of 27 pounds at E-950
50 feet outby the coal dust zone decreased to 15 .pounds at E-750, and nine
pounds at B.-550. The flame struggled along for several hundred feet
beyond the last point given and died
away. In these tests the dust was
placed on side shelves and where the
ffl*    «r*
'■*■>* m* «•
f$M    Getting Out of thc Rut
The merchant who conducts hit busineM according to the method of the lait century la not
giving hia customers the service they ire entitled
ww. ***■*. *t>uu <**i uie uow utuuuy ie iu ttt* towie
than to merely turn goods over at a profit. It to
to really earn that profit by giving real service,
accommodation and reliable advice. The modern
merchant must know his goods thoroughly and
what is best adapted to every household requirement,
That class of merchant invariably sdvertisea.
That fs the one sure teat of his being abreast ef
the times.
the detection ot direction of movement
of the air currents and streamers
hung from the main opening have
shown only outward movement of the
air current from the time of tbe shock
wave, until the main explosion has
pn»8ed tbe point at which the detectors were placed. After the explosion haa passed a point, though, the
retention waves bave caused th* detectors to show inward movements.
Preventing Explosions
After satisfactory ignition arrange,
ments bad boen determined and aome
knowledge gained aa to the development of an explosion through a pure
coal duat zone, a period ot experimentation dealing with preventing Initiation and propagation of explosion was
begun. The determination o-f the efficiency of using rock duat as a preventive of checking meana and tbe degree
to which -the rock duat could be con.
fnmtnated with coal duat before losing Ita effectiveness, waa the purpose
ot the tests. While It Is conceded tbat
an efficiently maintained watering method for malting coal duat Inert-gives
very satlafactory resulta, tbe uae ot
rock duat seamed to have aome -great
advantages. The period of time In
whleb there 4a comparative security la
much greater after rock d«at tmt.
ment than alter watering.
In -sold weather naturally dry entries
must be watered practically every day
to be kept In satlafactory condition.
Even where exhaust steam la turned
Into tbe Intake -it ia uoennmry io give
entries beyond tbe tone In which -ntlat
ta carried by tbe air current, more or
leaa supplementary watering. If tb*
watering falls to ba dona ror a faw
daya sufficient drying out of tha duat
may result aa to pat tbe mine In a dan-
geroaa condiUon. On the other band
tba coating of rack deal will remain
efficient for a -considerable period, as-
cept ia those litem where there Is
eseesslve toss ef coal from cara. Tbe
aeenmelatlon ot coal dast oa tba rortt
dost Is easily sees by th* dlfreroat
rotor particularly If limestone duat
ta naed aad so the approach toa dan.
geroaa dust condition readily recognised. There ia aaotber strong advantage ia tbat tba coating of rock
dast lightens up the mine, having much
tbe aame effect as a costing of white-
artah       IWimti* *t tb*** a4b*aeln**e
pressures ere low not much of the dust
Is blown off, so that the full quenching effect of the high shale dust is not
obtained. In later tests dust was placed' on cross Bhelvea and a larger portion wao thrown into the air. reaultlng
in quicker quenching action.
Limiting Mlxturea with Other Coal
A few experlmenta were made in
dust from districts other tban the
Pittsburg, to determine the limiting
mlxturea of ahale and -ooal. On account of tbe fact that it was believed
tbat tbe coal ribs and roof of the
mine gave up enough material in the
explosions to possibly affect the limits
In some of these testa, the Inner 350
feet of tbe mine baa been coated with
cement by tfie cement-gun thts summer. .This will insure in future tests
of this character that the results obtained are due entirely to the duat be*
lngv tested.
Effect of Gaa
A few experlmenta weer made In
wbleb 114 to 2 per -cent of gas waa preaent In tba air current. The gas waa
turned Into tbe fan from a natural gas
line snd teats with safety lamps and*
nnalysee of samples taken before the
expl-oalon Indicated tbat satisfactory
mixing bad been obtained. The ef.
feet of the pa waa to Increase tbe
speed of an explosion and to permit
propagation of flame through dusts
whleb otherwise would not suataln
An addition of 20 per cent shale to
em dw»t with 'Mjv'.ch experiment* were
made decreased tbe Inflammability to
siieh an extent that the propagation of
the flame through the sos* waa not
obtained, notwithetandlng tho shot
was fired lato a tf-foot tone of the
pure coal dost When a atmlltar abot
was fired into a somewhat loafer son«
of pure dost, and % to % per cent of
gas turned into the nlr -current, propagation of tbe flame throughout a
40 abate and SO -Mai duat none wss obtained and pressures amounting to 1
to 10 pounda recorded la the entry aad
aircourse at the ends of a SS0 foot ex.
plosion eon*.
Mattltariy another dost tested did
not permit propagation, Imt when test,
ed in tbe presence of 114 to 3 per cent
nf gaa, propagation was obtained
througlWH-vt the etSoi dwat mot nub
nrateaoreo nt ttm to elf (mend* obtain-
com-parison of different -teste to determine -the effect o-ta particular factor is
not always-satisfactory.   .In. the case
of tbe ventilating current, by using'the
offset from 1,250 -out-through as the
initiating .point and taking advantage
of  the  symmetrical arrangement  ot
entry and aircourse, it was .possible to
obtain in the same explosion a comparison of the effect off the intake
and return air current.     In test No.
120 arrangements were made to fire
the shot from this offset, the dust dis
tribution in entry and aircourse -being
symmetrical.     The air current with
a velocity over 850 feet per minute
was intaking on main entry and returning on the aircourse.     This arrangement permitted a direct comparison
of the development of explosion in the
entry where the air current was traveling against the explosion and in the
aircourse where it was travelling with
the explosion.     There were slightly
higher pressures obtained in the entry
and somewhat greater velocity of flame
in aircourse, but the differences were
so small that if the ventilating current had any effect, It was negligible
as far as the development'ot the explosion was concerned.   -The probable
reason the air current has'a negligible
effect -is that by the time the explosion
starts, the normal ventilating current
has been deranged by the effect of the
shock.    The expansion of gases from
the shot and the shock wave causes a
movement of the  air current away
from the shot, the pressure from- the
shot being so much greater than the
ventilating current pressure that the
latter is negligible.     By the time the
explosion gets under way the -movement of air is away from the origin
of the explosion.    This point has'lieen
verified by records obtained with the
air current detector in the experimental explosions.    The condition of the
air current before the explosion, therefore, is of negligible Effect.
Effect of Shale in Assisting in Wetting Coal
A very Interesting effect of mixing
shale dust with coal dust was noted
during the progress of the experiments: While coal dust is wetted with
great difficulty it was noted that the
contrary was true of mixed dust. In
distributing the dust, the fall of some
of it into a wet place in the floor was
always almost Immediately followed
by the moisture spreading throughout
the mixed dust. Laboratory tests were
made to determine the capillary attraction of various -mixtures of coal and
shale and it was found that while coal
bad no absorbing effect, the absorption
power of the -mixture increased more
than .proportionately with the -percentage of shale. It, therefore, follows;
that the distribution of shale dust tn
connection with watering system* will
gl-pmHy    .Inir-r-Annp    the*     faiyjHty     wl-H;
fier were accidentally tripped by*'some
one they would not be seriously" injured by its operation, •■'•'■ 7" •-/
■A publication giving the detailed description of the yarlbus barriers has
been prepared and in ail .probability
will be -published during the5 winter, in
the meantime, information concerning
them will giadiy^he*furnLsbed vy the.
Bureau to any requesting it. • .'?
To sum up, brief ly, the best-methods
for preventing propagation of coal dust
explosions from the originating point
as indicated -by the" knowledge'"gained1
from experimental explosions and field
investigations, are as.follows:-
■That after coal dust has been
thoroughly removed from, the -mine'
roads as is possible, the remainingdust
be rendered inert hy .efficient-wate*^-,
ing methods, by a combination of rocH,
dusting and watering, or. hy rock dust;,
ing alone. Tlie efficiency of the watering method can be checked by exa-m-,
Inatlon of walls, timbers and floor,'to'
note whether all dust' is thoroughly''
wetted. The common test of squeezing the d-uqt iu the hand to determine
whether it will ball is very useful in
this connection. The efficiency of the
rock dusting must be determined from
time to time by taking samples for analysis; the percentage of incombustible matter, including -moisture and
ash of auch samples, should be less
than 80 .per cent. This will give a
reasonable margin ot safety-. With
coal less Inflammable than Pittsburgh,
the percentage df incombustible dust
can be less. It will be necessary to
make tests on'such coals to determine
their relative inflammability.
To supplem-^it these methods some
form of rock dust barriers should be.
installed at the entrance of all ventilating splits or sections of ithe mines and
at selected points on the main haulage
entries 1,000 to 1,200 feet apart. If
then an explosion should become initiated, and through incomplete rock
dusting or watering, be propagated
along the mine roads, the dust" barriers will Insure the confinement of
the explosion to a comparatively small
district, and thus protect the men
working in other parts of the mine.
' The H. C. Frick Coke Company has
completed a remarkable working model
of one of Its coke plants ln the Con-
nellsvllle region to augment the exhibits of the United States Steel Corporation at the Panama-Pacific Exposition. The model is a replica of the
Phillips plant of the company and
snows the mine tipples, power plant
and boiler houses, machine shops and
lamp -bouses and even the bath house
for the miners.
Don't neglect every-day
injuries to which children
are subject. A "Httle^'ln.
jury if neglected may lead
to serious complications.
A small cut or scratch neglected jney mean blood,
poison; lind may result in
the loss of an arm or leg.and
sometimes of a life.
Why take chancer?
Apply Zam-Buk na aopn as
.injuries or skin diseases
occur. Zam-Buk: quickly
kills all germs, stops the
bleeding, prevents, suppuration and blood poison, and
heels quickly. * s
Mrs. J. E. Bierwlrth. of
Carnduff, Suk„ WrKfe^'My
' mo cut the end off hta pnsjer.
Zam-Buk stopped tbe bleeding
sod gave him"such reji-ri tbat
be ceased crying, I decided te
see if Zsm-Buk would .Mat the
wound, and continued Oiing
nothing but Zsm-Bult.^ Complete cure resulted." ■ ■
Uie 2u»-a«k fer caU, V«JlU.>l"nt
hnl***, ecstai. tlltt, ceM.smkcMI<»
m4 lilnlcd.  . RefttM stMlltHl-W. --M*
bum *'2ia.iuk"'M t-ruitancinet.
,ZM»-ltf"a-» •!
AU 4iaitUU »•* •tw-tf-jS
%jm mm needsm
I tt waa dMded ta expertinwit with tb» I *d HO feat trom th* origin.
one of roett deal te obtain definite Information aa to Its efficiency.
tmeieney ef Reef Oeet
Tba first question taken op waa, lo
*tb*1 *n**m -wmM lh* m*b dwt* h*-
come contaminated with coal dost before tbe miitnro woald permit aa la-
It tat ion or propagation of an explosion. Thi'ee series of testa were {banned te obtain tbla Information, flrat,
to determine whet waa the highest pet*
rreniagf-i ol In-mmViastUnVe dast miked
wltk the fttfsiort eeel tmt wMei
weald permit tgattkm by tto* ataad- results of tbnm
tne preaeaee o« gaa. oven in email
which the dust is wetted and, therefore, the efficiency of tbls method ot
rendering tbe coal duat inert.
Testa of ftoek Dust Barrier*.
- Five tyipes of rock dust barriers, invented by Mr. Rice, chief mining engineer of the Bureau of Mines, and (n
charge ot this Investigation, Were designed tind developed during the year
and four of these have been tested, out
and in their final -form have had no
failures.   The purpose of the barriers
Is to furnish supplementary protection
at various points in tbe mine to tbe
watering or rock dusting method of
rendering coal duat Inert.    The devices should be Installed at tbe entrance to splits,.panels or -sections of
mine ao that In the event tbat an explosion should occur and through inefficient watering or rock dueling be
propagated from the originating point,
the barriers would check it, confining
Its effect to the particular section in
which it occurred.    In many of the
large explosions, the explosion haa
paaaed from one part of a mine to another through a elngle connection and
killed many men in the section beyond.
The barriers are particularly suited
for connections of tbla character fur-
nlahlng protection to either side of the
mine from explosion which might occur In the other side.    In designing
tbem, tbe purpose hae been to make
tbem as simple aa poeaalble and of
suoh character tbat the parte oould
easily he mad* In the ordinary mind
carpenter and blacksmith -shoo,
Tbe barrier* ate bmnn nn tbe concentrated barrier, the bet barrier, the
reck duat protected ventilator door,
the roekduat etopplng and tte roak-
dost overcast The requirements
wblch the barriers folW ara aa follows:
1. A large mass of radi dost, two
o five tone, ta held la seek peeltloa
that the advance wave of the eapkv
alon cause* tbe deet to be thrown ism
tbe entry, forming a dense daet dead.
The ftaaw of the etpfcwlon le eatla-
gnlabed irhea It penetrates the eland
Mttyr at the situation of tba barrier
or a abort dtotanee beyond.
2. Tbe barrier mast be operated by
low pressure, alow-moving etptoaton*.
No dUtU-uiiy la eaiierieaeed la i
ping the violent, higb-vetoclty espto-
stoas ter tiawy bteek op any type ef
■i-h-ret otmteloi** *wrt th********* **** ■Ama*
in  the  air.   bertnntne   etttnaaileb-M I
tberabr; bat In tbe slew moving «t*t
In addition the model displays two
banks of ovens, different in type, and
the little larrys that supply them with
coal from -the mine*. The best feature
of the model \n that it wilt show actual
operations. "The wheels go round,"
the officials say, and this hold* attention to the general display. The work
of building the model haa been an extensive task, occupying aome months
and representing an outlay of about
This coke exhibit,will,be, included
with another display by the Steel Corporation, which will give demonstrations of its safety-first campaign, showing various methods addpted- to -prevent accidents to Its workmen, IfwlU
also have a lot of moving -picture films
tor free showing that will illustrate the
methods of mining and-skipping Irou
ore from the Lake Superior iegioas ro
the blast furnaces In Plttirtwmg mills.
The entire exhibit wilt be built largely
u.nontJiftofirnofaHnnflftH'gt*>|*a« l-^pit*"-
The capitalist press denottaees tbe
agitator, but these organs that pay tribute to the dollar forget ihat the Ported Man was an agitator, that Patrick
Henry waa an agitator and that
Phillips. Garrison and Brown wane agitators wboae aentlmenta awakened
men to the possibility of Liberty.
When men cease to agttate, the human race will become a corpse.
O you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many' cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
ptreeauge*. therefore, Inereaaee the I plosion* or lafteausatloBs, the opeeat-i
poa*»Sb91Ity of obUlsia* ptetagatloa
sad In mlnea 4a which gaa Aay be
found, tine p#r*eet*m ot anal* dast
bm* Alkali '^M^A-lfe ^u^m£^*-**a -MMsfltmA j—^^^^^a j-^ . mtatfaik^.
in wiw roew otsivr mum* inm w mgn*
er thaa the peretatagea given heretofore,
tffeet ef Vant Hat lag Current
denetdereMe  variation   has been
made ta the veatltatlag eerreat Is Om
*«{*rit»*ntt,    Mnny ot tbe tent* bave
(natniair.*  ttadyeftke
aid Weweet ehot; second, what wa*
th* eamefwadtag peee-tat-age which
erewtd allow aropateUoe ef aa asplo-
ttobbbw ■wmm**^*^9b^bmi   -Hi   -m Oaot^mo   sa**ws^**a m^psswpi  ^w^
Cast leeg, aad third, what wae tbe tor*
bm Sattodj
to *bow thai the velocity of Ik* atree*-
wn> ywfiwi it ivi VmSWPMW mm irpi
any perUsaler effect T**ro ate ea
smsy fectoie which isliUt tsthieaoe
ef aa essleelsa thet
e^mpp   *we*^Wr^^^n^a^**^^^m  mw^-^Pw'   -tfbr   nm*  m^^Q'^^moinmrwf
adjeated that the device wtH net fall
te •mteret* ttm lh* evrfatiAm -ma* m*v
or under it snd propegata beyond.
^*     vWIggp^V^-^MWaMP   aBH^W*   t^t  ImdHaV   W
have seam deet retained la seek a
aaaltlaa Ikat If Ik* film* I* una alder
qpap^rww^mreo    ammeow   *•••    ip^bw   w*^mm^^mr mi*   ^^ai^^^tmaawarai
aWy behind tke advaaee wave, whteb
eaewtee tke banfer. tMs dast win hi
■arnfa^a w i^ wm^*   *m*rw   w^^aa* w i^^rp p   an******   -a^^^^^w    ^ vn    ***^e
•vniU'rti-n to eoaUane the etas-A forma-
ga^ui^ ^^^m ^^^^atttta^^tm^mt^tb SilbJ^ jmad^atg^^dtt ■ttimmmmimmn^
4, tm dam ceetateere mam te ea-
dry -at an Manas.
*. in tlm ease'el' toa wanted heritor aad bee tattled It "tMa aesseeary
tf tho her-
If you want really high
class printinr-th* Irtnif
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B.C.
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Inkle Supports etc.
Rocks and Brooms
'":    Best quality only
j) In great variety
Hardware and  Furniture-
Thone 37
FERNIE    -     B. C.
? ''   r      '
j Only
First - Aid Hospitals
'■ -t* '      -       - y.,'- ;
In Coal Mines.
■^■s**-^"- Beware of
■W? ^B^lsoid on the
pej^GtS.pm|l Merits of
fiKUNIMEil nemS01
"•LIMITED —    MM    Wfinapfl c
JMm Liniment
A. Macnell
S. BanwJtl
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building      .  Fernie, B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
;    and Eggs
..Try om* Cambridge Saus-
ajes^Tor tomorrowlTTireak-
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone SS Wood Street
*. C. Laws v Alax. I. Rahei
Fernie, B, C.
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft you* bill any item ot lumbar aot
found Just as we represented.  Thara
is no hpcus pocus in
This Lumber Business
Wheo-you want spruce we do not
«end you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip ia a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
•is always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
ire taking chances they wouldn't en-
counter If they bought their lumbar
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods. Groceries, Boots aad
Bboea. Gents' Furnishings
liare. ■■ .        '
— Dealers In —
cumber. Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARO-MePherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
By D. H.-Lake, M.D., Chief-Surgeon
Kingston Ooal Company, Kingston, Pa.
'Thq establishment of mine hospitals
in the anthracite mines came about
through the enactment of a law for
the purpose in '1901. -Section 1 of this
law reads as follows: "Be it enacted
. ., . that within six months after
the passage of this law it shall be unlawful "to operate any anthracite -mine
employing ten men or more, in the
State of (Pennsylvania, unless said
mine ia provided with a sufficient
quantity of. linseed or olive oil, ban
d'ages, line, splints, woolen and waterproof blankets. Said articles shall be
stored in a room erected at a convenient place in the miue, which room
shall not be less than 8 x 12 feet, and
sufficiently furnished, lighted, clean,
and ventilated; so that therein medical treatment may be given injured
employes in case of emergency. The
furnishings shall be sufficient to accommodate two or more persons ih a
reclining and sitting posture."
Section 2 of the law states that "It
shall be the duty of the mine foreman
or his assistants, In case of Injury to
any employe by explosion of gas or
powder, or by any cause, while said
miners .are at work in said mines, to
at once visit tiie scene of accident, see
that the injured is carefully wrapped
In" woolen-blankets and removed to the
medical room and so treated with oils
or other remedies ns will add .to the
comfort and care of the patient.
After being treated with all the skill
known to the foreman or his assistants,
the injured person shall he carefully
wrapped up and sent to the surface,
to be taken home in au ambulance or
to the mining hospital, as may be desired, without expense to the injured
It Is' perhaps only just to state that
prior to the enactment of this law
some of the companies, notably the
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western and
the Delaware & Hudson companies,
had established a system of first aid
Instruction, and It is likely that the
value of such instruction later attracted the attention of the State Legislature, which ln May, 1901, passed the
law known as the Emergency-Hospital
Act, just fifteen months after the instruction of the -mine foremen and
their assistants of the Lackawanna
company had been inaugurated' In the
per first aid treatment at the scene
of accident.
A similar improvement is also to
be noted in injuries where life is not
at Btake. The -men are now mucn
more comfortable when they reach
us, and infection of -v mods'anil other com-plications are much less frequent than formerly.
1 feel quite certain aside from the
humanitarian value of the work, it
affords a great cash saving to the
companies by making the re,su!*s of
accidents that do occur as slight as
J. M. Wainwright.
WHkes-fJarre, July 10, 1911.
Dr. D. II. Lake.
Dear Dr. Lake,—Replying to yours
regarding miners' injuries, at the
Wilkes-Barre City Hospital are
these; Fratftures are frequently
found so well reduced that an X-ray
examination justifies no disturbance;
open wounds have sterile dressings
applied, and infection is thereby "prevented; bleeding vessels are well
controlled by skillfully applied tourniquet; burns are usually well treated, though some of the hospital attendants state that oily or greasy
applications are not as good as dry
picric acid dressings. Dr. A. .1."
MaeKea, superintendent VVilkes-
Darre City Hospital, the interns on
duty, and the surgeons iu charge
justify these- conclusions.
When 1 compare these results with
those we had in olden times when
injured men were brought in without
any dressings at all, or those of the
crudest character, when simple frae- \
hires became compound in transit, <
when men died of hemorrhage in the;
ambulance, when shock   from   untreated burns scalds, and other Injuries were greatly Intensified, I am
convinced' that the instruction given
ln the first aid is well worth t-he
time, trouble and.cost of the undertaking.
Bar supplied with the hmt Wines
Liquors and (%«r«
Large Airy Rooms fc
Good Board
Ross Brothers &2&
Femie-Fort Steels
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
Bottled Soods i Specialty
List of Locals District 18
Name tea. out P. 0. -Mamas
 .»'. Wkeauty, fiaakaaa*. Alia.
f  Ittttttmno  *ww» Ihrnrit *t* t*te*n*ea  tit*
 Iain* fkarfce. Hat St. nanawa. Alt*.
******i* * * * * WM. AfwHWf WBWMWHS** AIM  '
% *, * * o * o * * * * * * * • * tt* fl« If AfffWf WWSwSnfc AitP
^wa-Mtpttmmmttmomttb o -i b o o b i aa nom mo   a^oamm^^^mtmt  mtm^m^^m^m^mw*^^  mtm^-^m^^^^^mo^  tmmwmo
«_*—^-^^^ tll-,-^^^1   W&mmtmum   t^mmi^^mm    JLIi*
UVOTMVWa • ****#a ***•». n* MWmmmW   tn-WUWWmo WMMMfWp  (Mli»
«Wtfwvftft . I. JftfcMiQtt. €^4m*a. Ah*,
cwmu#*•****•*••••*•« icOirttti* oovMia R.C/
farak. -. ....Tko* UpfcUl, Ptrato. ft. C
■Fraafc..... ,„,.», ,.Kraa llorgaa. Fraaa, Alta.
ttttttttnt.»»«**i...... t*«llMll flMtfliM?, HwIWWt» AUO*
btmmmmtn.,...,,•..... ** liaaf^ iTai wiaai &,*tmtm, ^» -MaRMWapa
l/wViU>*^f* C*«4l-*i»TUM...,*^fmi*a ^afiiagliiuHi, Cm&bmm Alia.
■HtpMI wWI"*■ *#******>*tn**vi* W« WwVfvWr rllHMWr*S*» #»■•
.!. _i- —a    n^-^^L     u4-^i*i    ik   a I
< ****** a ninRiiv   niviw*   xiiawwb   ™-   w^
mat* a* a a*   Wn ««  fW9fiM^  AMMWf^  IMw
IplWIV i • * *    * t ■> > * < 9 ■**.».»-» Ai   ^SR'lW^KNl'i  iNSiti mtm-m**
<:*ett*'o*>%. r*a«arf ...Uak nud»r. Oaargatawa. -Onbtrnm, AJtt.
ttnsmm Worn fat. Ikwafcer. Norteit, tta Hoeiy Mtwatain
llmma* XtmriM.
tt wmrmmmi-e   inwwt mm**
Kingston district. From that time on
the work has been gradually system
allzed until today all coal companies
operating anthracite mines take an active Interest In ihe work of rendering
Intelligent first aid to the Injured-. -
4VTiile the law prescribes the size of
the underground hospital. I have seen
but one as small as. the requirements.
Many are frm 8 to 12 feet high, and
12 feet wide by 14 feet long. The
floors are of cement, and the walls are
cither painted white or whitewashed.
All are equipped with stretchers, tabl-
on anil chairs, hot aud cold water, and
most of them are electrically lighted.
I.arge tin boxes, or cupboards, mado
Into the solid wall contain the surgical dressings, splints, and medicines
needed for the immediate care of tlie
injured, *.
In addition to the maintenance of
the mine hospital, moat of the companies have Installed mine rescue stations, fully equipped with oxygen helmets, such as the Draeger rescue apparatus and the pulmotor. After explosions in the mines, men trained tn
the use of theae apparatuses enter a
mine filled with noxious gases In que«t
of tit-air fellow-workmen ove/eom* by
Ihe vitiated air. Recent Invention*
have given na safety electric lamps
supplied from storage batteries, which
aro used In exploring gaseous places.
Throughout tha anthracite regtou
»*e have had recently tbe annual first
aid contests among the various companies, In which from twenty to mt-
eitty tint thl tmim, mHi of ftv# #m-
ployees and a subject, participated.
The teams are Inntructed by the company Burgeon*. Tha amount of ««o.t
aecompllslied by tbcaa teams la slmniv
The letters given below from Or. J.
It, Walnwrigbt, surgeon-ln-ehtpf of
the Moses Taylor Hospital at Scranton, wboee beds aw fro* for all lba
Injured of the IVtawaro, La-ckawanna
tk Western -Ooal Company, aad from
i)r. iu.d/ki, W. Ouibrli', of Wilka*
liar re, wbom promlaant -connection
with the Amarleaa Jladleal AMorlatloa
lot mnny tmt* bnn aitca lilm a -ton*
erved aatkmal rapatatlon, apaal tn *iO
nr certain terms of lha ralite- of nyn*
t*>mat!r flrtt aid Instruction
The »v»l comtilM* mine Uoapital of
ivlitnli I have nny linowteitan la onn
rereatly -Kalpped   by   tba  Klagatoa
American miners, can .realize how
fortunate they are when the present
conditions in the Dundee district, in
South Africa, are realized. If colored
men are Injured they have to He on
Min    fl-nrty   /%f    nntwfl   g^V.M bu!!ding**-*-&»<l-
uwait the ambulance which often is
many hours late. Then a long drive
over rough roads must be undertaken.
Usually only one or two persons are
injured In an. accident, and they can
be roughly accommodated in the room
where the medicines are kept, but if a
lnzeii men were Injured in an accident,
the needless suffering tliey would
have to undergo before reaching a
hospital must be terrible.--The Colliery Engineer.
i.N'ote—TIip above conditions prevail despite the stupendous profits pro-
I ii cod for the benefit of the IlandltcK
hy thexe .self-same workers, If you
•.v J jf li to net anything you must go after
It: very little Is obtained without agitation by those most affected.!
By Ralph S. Doubleday
"Hello, J-immy!"
"Hello, Spud!"
"Goin" f the circus?" ,
"Nope.   I ain't got no money."
"Y'ain't got ho money?" "
"Nope." I,
"Gee, I ffiought you and the other
kids was goin' to make a lot o' money
pickin' mushrooms."    k
"We was, and* we did-, but we ain't."
"Well, how about it? Why can't you
tell a feller?"
"Well, it's this way. Spud, nie an'
Freckles and a couple of other kids,
we see all them mushrooms over there
in them vacant lots an' we hikes down
to the market an' a guy down there
says, -sure, I'l buy mushrooms. Fifty
tents a pound. Fetch 'em along.' So
me an' the other kids comes back an"
we goes to work pickin' mushrooms.
Gee, we worked, too. Well, just about
when we gits to pickin' good, along
comes Pig-Kye. You know 'Pig-Eye'
Smith, that fat kid?"
"A yah."
"Well, I says, 'Hello, PlgBye!" like
that, to 'lm. An' he says 'Hello!' -An'
I says, 'Come on Pig-Eye; git to work,'
I says,-, 'you're in on this.' A.n' he
dont git to work? He don't do nothin'
but jist stand around and loaf an'
watch us fellers. An' then, after a
while, another kid says to him, he* says,
'Aw, come on, Pig-Bye. Do somethin'.
Ain't you goin' to git in on.this?' An'
Pig-Eye says, 'I'm iu on It now,' he
says, lily old man owns these, here
lots.' he says.
"Well, I looks at Freckles, an' Freckles looks at nie, an' then Freckles
ways to me kind o' low, he says, 'That's
right. My dad told me Pig-Eye's old
man traded al balky horse to a sucker
for these lots a long time ago."
"Well, anyhow, we picks and picks
and picks, an' -Pig-Eye Jist stands
around and don't do nothin' 'cept he
grins at Min Dineen when she goes by;
that's Freckleses girl, y' know. An'
by and by we got a whole big basketful o' mushrooms. 1 bet they was a
hundred dollar's worth, or maybe not
more than five or seven dollars' worth,
I do' know. Anyhow, they was a lot.
An' then we was goin' to go and git the
money, and Pig-Eye, he says, 'Here,
slnime them mushrooms. I'll take
'em down an' git the money,' he says.
'"Fer why?' says Freckles.
'"TheyYe mine,' says Pig-Eye.
" 'Yours?   Aber nit,' says Freckles.
"'Sure,' says Pig-Eye.
" 'We seen 'em, and we found 'em,
an' nobody had 'em, an' nobody.picked
'om, only us,' says Freckles.
"„'But these Is my old man's lots,'
says Plg-Eye.
" 'Your   old   man   didn't   raise the
Culture aud war have absolutely nothing to do with each other. Kitchener is not of the, same species as
Shakespeare or Dickens or Stephenson Hindenburg and Karl Marx do
not speak the same tongue. Rennen-
kampf and Tolstoy are not of the same
planet. Leonard Wood and Mark
Twain are of different strata of society. They don't belong. War,
militarism, capitalism gone mad it!
'uch country' is one thing. The noble
'.reasures of the minds of man is another Tney do not'breathe the same
air.   They are of other spheres.
Marx hated Russia; but ihe elder
L'ebknecht said that he always spoke
of two Russians, one to be hatod, the
other to be loved. The Russia of
Stolypiii, of Nicholas, of the hangmen,
the knout; the nation of dreadful
night—that Russia we hate. The Russia of Gogol, of Pushkin, of Tschai-
koweky, both Nicholas and 'Peter, of
noble, god-llkc Ureshkovskaya, of the
most gallant tight for liberty of all
history—that  Russia  we love.
The Germany we love is the Germany of Bebel, of the Llebknechts, of
Wagner and (Mozart, of Karl 'Marx, of
Kant, of Schiller. And that Germany-
is not the Germany of Potsdamnation.
of the demented Kaiser and his Clown
Prince. And so in each country there
Is a capitalism, an autocracy, tyranny
that it ls the holy duty of mankind
to overthrow; and in each country
there is a heritage of treasure that is
immortal, that is indestructible, and
that-is international.
And so it is one ot the saddest
sights of all history to see great men.
noble men, good men, so forget themselves, so prostitute themselves, as to
make their culture, that belongs to all
the world, the excuse for Potsdam,
tor KItohener, for Revanche, for the
Cossacks. It is a sad sight to see
Haeckel and Maeterlinck and Wells'
match nations, poet for poet, singer
for singer, artist for artist, and so
judge between the nations.
What of It if Maeterlinck is greater
than Huuptmanu? -Must one then destroy a hundred thousand useful German lives on the Yser? What if Berlin Is freer than Vilna? -Must one
then slaughter over 125,000 men ln
the -Marsurian marshes and lakes of
E:ist .Prussia, men who might have
lived to see freedom in Russia?
No, culture is not Russia's'or England's, or France's. It is ours It Is
for all the world. And it is a spectacle
to break the heart to see this snarling
and biting over culture and kultur. It
Is sad to see good men write books
over these trivial points.
This is a war for culture, tlie war
of all the people to wrest Uie culture
Whnt sort of society Is this Unit
has to the extent that ours has, in-
"Hiinllty and injustice for Its baalsT
■Hitch a society Is fit only to be kicked
out lliroiixh Uie windows-il* littiiquei
tables, Its origin, it* debaucheries, Un
t.cmindrt'ttami-V together with till tiiono
who nre seated leaning on, the backs
nf others whom they keep down on all-
fours,—Victor Hugo.
mushrooms. He never seen 'em. Ner
he didn't make the lots, neither,' says
"'Them's my mushrooms, all the
Barney,' says Pig-Eye. 'Don't get sore
an' be a knocker," says he. I'll give
you fellers a nickel apiece. Gee, how
much do you want?' says Ue. He s:iy,s,
'Do you want the earth with a handle
on It Jist for workln?' he says. An'
Iun ho mifkes like he was goin' to
take the basket.
" •The hell you say." sjys Freckles.
'Ice, t never heard Freckles swear so
liefore.    An' thru, when Pig-Eye grab*
!iolt of I Iif- banket, Freckles panics hhn
a beaut ill tho •»}('.    An' then Pig-Eye
ho pastes back at l-Vecldes,     Au' i
sunns all thu*. ki<!» was good an' sore
-yh-pn they »eui how Pig-Eye wan irVin'
u» he Miieh a urafter ah* ihey all take*
a good wallop iu 'lm,   An* well, say,
Spud,: hones' to Onwd. that  fat  kid
was nome right: fer fair.     You'had
uaht to or saw bim.   I bet he's so tuic<
i '.'e ilunkx he's got unli* all over him."
J    "I've,   What did you fellows do with
Mie numlinio-ms?"
j    "Miishrruaij-*,? Oh, tlu.y nut *(|iiatili-vd
i'i: '.'.,*. fight.   .Windy go' nothlnV —
I X, V. Call.-
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puokey.
Secretary, J. B. Mcikjejohn.
meets first - and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m„ in K. P. Hall.
Meet at Aiello's Hall -sec- !
ond and third Mondays ia |
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie,  Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7JS0
p.m. ln their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C. T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madison.
Meets  every   Monday  at
7:30 p. m„ in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Mooes. *
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
•'•J.4. meets ln the K. P. Hell
n/vomi ami fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. ra.
..MKS. J. BROOKS, W. *!.
v". ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at tbe K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
1. SHILLING. Rec. Sec.
•Wats cr omo, Ott or Toi tw>.»   ,
. LtVAH COI'.VTV. ("•
* Vkusk 4. CittxiT m»koe otth tbat he It koU)
oartner ot tlie Arm ot f. J. Ctttstx A Ou., doing
buitaon In tlw City or Toledo. County *9i HteU
alon-nlil. and that laid ftrro will pay tbe wo of
<-\B HUMMKD DOLLARS lor radi and rtrrr
t**9 ,tf t'ATAKMi tlut tanuot be rami oy tbe um ot
Baua oUamm <N-m».
of the ages from the hands of the
ruling classes, to take It for. themselves, to use it among all the people, from
whom it sprung. It is a war to overthrow Potsdam and Petrograd. It Is
a war to overthrow the exploitation of
the world, and Its people, and its cul-
-.ure, by tho chosen few.
But that war ts not between Japan
and Turkey; it ls not between Bel-
| slum and Austria. It Is hetween the
nrixters in all lauds, and In all land«
the disinherited, the doomed and the
gvrora to bnore me and aubactibfd to my preaenetb
tail (th Uay ul December. A. O.. llie.
, —4—- , A. XV. GLEABO.V.
Haifa ftUrrti Cute t» tab* Interaatty and a<U
dlitcUy unor t-l- Wood euu mueoua aurlaert o| tho
■v«trm.  -Seo-i Ior tfntlinonub, In-e.       '
r. 4. cur.NKv * co., Toiod* o
Mit by al! Drucvlrta. 7 If.  > •'    >
Tkka tlali" family lllll lot «oaiUn*Uon.
Hut about that war, tbe professors
are not writing books as they are
over this. Por that war apelU the
moet dread thing In the world to the
masters—It spells revolutlon,-~N. V.
&   WAR
'By William  Morris  Ftl««fibaum
Now that the avalanche of dtplo-
msttr pa pen white, yellow, gn>,
on ine and bhu* -!• spending Itself*,
ee may take Mock of (Mir effects
and Judge.
"The ,11* I* n Kuiopean power," aald
l.attMlU'     Diplomacy la lylnt; dlpto-
Ho the universal cry ia "thilinre,"
That Germany Is—or waa—a twtter
country to live In for tbt thinker, tor
tlie liberal, for the free man and woman, goea without saying. Thai free
nnd untrammeled thought wan far
mort» free and nntramnielpd In Berlin
(ban In 81, Peteralmti evrrjbon
know*.    Thst Oermany ha* protltit*i
One Woman's Opinion.
"I twve btcn aiktd what kind of advertisements
influence me moet. Unquestionably, tha onea I
read in our own local paper. I read that paper
when I am at home and thinking about household
affairs. When 1 am away, my mind is fully occupied with other things.
Perhaps I do see bill board and street car advertisements, but I certainly do not remember
them. The advertisements that attract me moat
in the home paper are tha ones that give real
news, such as prices, styles and particulars of
It pays to advertise intelligently in tha home
matli* naitera  contain  only  masked |«*»r» »ork» of art, more music, mom
thought*.     It* very language ahowa| ■»<«• rum*,  more "k»!i»r"  than. n*y
im mnlmn-r »amn>. (or tn diplomacy *S*r*ia ur Montenegro, ueet* m piwt,
on* use* -etpfcfr." and fli*#r. tn ttt! *<* *»»» it Uermaay'* eoverament -tnd i
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nhfusr-atr     Th»» we Miold Willy and "I'twrtlon h» (Hmmek   horde*.   <H *r*
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fleer ttr. Lake.   Replym« to your
neon tetter  I bn to suite that wt
kar* In tommt jnttra a«tfr*tf Ik*
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l»t to tb*  Mmaae Tertor flanpNal
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rin ka» owlo**4 ni*»i Ihtnfc^ra, he,
too, make* one taoak,
Mar ho "ewttur-e* will ba* «vept mt !|
of •*l»lea*e. aitkowrk   tmmy,   wtitf •
tlio* o**n *m Wbtt** tlhrtrl** *-?»«»'
■ Uii* a *'-****■ mtltm ir*t**, tk* <**r: .<
|.»te »«f r,»lV ***$ ttthl^t.9  n* f,.'» '
Great Northern Railway
Humid Umii.t I'amni-iig, r train l.-«%. % F*-mtr Mt '»,.tti j».«
M-nkoti  itt*e»M»»   «i«ni»*-l*kin  •»*   tinier „t .,*'**   tt,*'   ,.*■:*  1 " . "•
eat with thrvniffh ottrvi*** f»i «*ht*-«»rt en I ih,- *r*,e*t «k>
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We* fifttn** iftt«r*itlftri ajpfi U
J.1.0OL1, Afllfit
'im Ciirliiiirtoti ami fit.
■:t.ai#i» -s-fer Sin •u*-:    ST
"- 'V.
Our Dry Goods
Kimona Flannelette (Reversible)
Extra soft flercy finish; makes a warm and cozy
kimona, dressing gown or jacket. A big selection
to choose from.     Regular 35c.
Saturday Special 22%c. yard
Hockey Toques
This i.s a very special line. Comes in all plain
colors and two color combination. Regular ')•"•
and 45c.
Saturday Special     25c.
Curtain Nets and Scrims
Jn pretty and exclusive designs. These iutvp
lieen selling up to 35c. and 45c. per yard:
Saturday Special 2 yds. for 35c.
Comforter Special
.. A full-sized and well filled Comforter, with coverings of chintz and art sateens. Extra warm and
cozy.     Regular, $2.50 and $2.75. '
Pay Day Special     $1.95
Children's Coats
Children's Coats at a great reduction. Now. is
your opportunity to get warm coats for the children at a small cost.
Serviceable Coats in tweed, blanket cloth and
curl cloth; lined throughout.
—CoR-hrsBlUnjr-a^^ $4t00~
Coats selling at $6.50, for ;.   $4.95
Coats selling at $8.50, for    $6.40
Coats selling at $1.00, for    $7.50
Children's Dresses
Children's Dresses in good practical styles, neatly
trimmed with satin and others with contrasting
material. They come in serge, panama, shepherd
pfoid and velvet.
Dresses selling at $3.50 for    $2.65
Dresses selling at $4.50 for .$3 40
Dresses selling at $5.00, for $3.75
Dresses selling at $7.50, for $5.65
15 Lots go on said Saturday for $2.00.   In this
lot are Hats worth from $5.00 to $8.50.
..Saturday Special    $2,00
House Dj-esiee
18 House Dresses in good strong ginghams, iii
light and dark colors; sices 32 to 36. Regular
priee $1.50 to $2.00,
Saturday 8peclal    90c.
t "
Pongee Silk
This in exceptionally good value, Eaftra strong
weave; very serviceable for waists, kimona*and underwear.   Regular 40g.
Pay Day Special 25c. yard
Our   Hardware
Trunks and Btfi
Our stoi*k in <-«»fiiiiletej prk-sm are lower, c-otMistont
with thc quality, than ever shown in Fernie beforo.
If yon m-mtemplate ptirehaainft baggage of any kind
gut our pri-.' lM-f«tr« yon make your purcbanoa,
Trunk Department Second floor
Our  Hardware   i)e|i»rtiiifnt   btbla many  good
#*,*U»-,«4 J*    -*« t **«>»f|    >t*ftj9trt tt.*..* ***.•'
.  .J.,4        «.-)
»*     •,* fat t*
u.fi,.' .ill., m< il itt**  |-l"l.i mi ttti iioUM-U-ii-vk UnAAIllWHUi! A.
Ttawsn*. Knametwun*.   -tii ine wan*.   Bilwrwai*,
(ilawwan*, Htwm and Rnngra, Cutlery. I'nints and
Oils, Wire und TwA*. The prii'e nftitrinttn in Ibk
HWtion nr* very nitwit ing. H-m» thfm tor your-
The war has caused a great shortage of wool in this Country
and consequently a great advance in prices. We are fortunate in having secured a good stock of the best before the
advance took place, and are now in a position to offer extra
good values but we have decided to still further cut the prices
for Payday which will make one dollar do the work of two.
See our window for special cuts on heavy wool underwear,
r ~i
Sox, Mitts, and Mackinaw clothing etc.
Our best 50e. and 60c. heavy
i    wool Sox will be sold at . ,40c. pr. Stant'ield's heiavywool grey wi
ll       Our best 40c. and 45c. heavy      denvear. v
P   fJLOO S°X wiU be S°Jd " 3 Pr* f°r     sPecial • • • •" fe° Per garment
|       Our .regular t)yc. Spx in heavy
i wool, ribbed or plain, on sale Fay
-p~ DayTTfTTT7nTTTTT7TTTT"20c; pfT
-^ Carss heavy wool Mitts, double
wrist, soft, warm and good wearing.
Special     40c,
|       Penman's wool Mitts in red and
|    black, black and white, or blue
«    mixture.    A mitt worth 50c pair.
Special for Fay Day 25c. pr.
St-anfield'8 heavy wool white underwear.       {-   '    ..- 	
Heavy Mackinaw Sox, red stripe    |
at top; reglar price $1.50.
Special .' $U0
Heavy Black worsted Sox, string
tips. e\tm 'heavy: regular $1.25
Special '.. $1125 per garment     Special ,. 90c.
Penman's heavy wool ribbed un- =*2jjg 5L001 lrawbermen's
denvear.     v      ^A Sox; regular $1.25.
Special ....:... afe; per garment     sPeolal 75c<
Striped red and  black heavy
Penman's   Scotejtt   knit   pure   , wiool lumbermen's sox.   Regular
wool, blue tip, underwear
Special $1 \' per garment
value, $1.00.
To get a choice of our new winter overcoats at a reduction
of 20 per cent There has been no reserve, you can have
the choice of our complete stock. We have all sizes and the
newest styles, get your overcoat now 20% Reduction.
Do You Need a
Our Payday values this week are all
Money Savers; Beautiful tweeds,
serges and worsteds in a great
variety of colors and patterns on
sale Saturday and Monday at
$10. and $15.
Don't Fail to see These if
you need a Suit for Spring
Pay day Bargains
in Footwear
Men's Black High Out Boots . . .^
Men's 8 iiv-uh tops, -made ol heavy oil grain stti-cky
well nailed soles; a good, serviceable, solid le«^,^.5
hoot.     Regular value $5.00 pair. I'-v-"^-''
Special tyy Day Price, pair    $3.9$^
Men's 8 niili tops, heavy cut Boots, made - ia
brown grain leather, laced to top, heavy- outside
counter'and well nailed soles, Regular value $5.58
pair.   '••.--*
Special Pay Day Price, pair    $4.25
20 Per Cent Discount on all Meh's Hockey Boots
and Hookey Skates
20 Percent. Discount on all Ladies' and Children's
Pelt and Cloth Slippers
Furniture Dept.
Curled wood fibre filled, wool faced both sideB
and edges, well tufted; good quality ticking; sizes
• 4 feet and 4 i'oet 6 inches.     Regular $5.00.
Saturday Special     $3.90
All cotton Mattresses, well carded, tufted and
covered with good quality fancy art ticking; 4 feet,
size only.     Regular, $10.00 and $11.50.
Saturday Special      $7.06
Now is a good time to paper the room syak Jhaiije.
*"liBBirthinfeingTibDnt:   Ybu^wii'rfrairoTir stock rlghtr""^
up to the minute.
Patterns to suit all tastes end prices that ap*. *l    >
to everyone from 15c. a roll up.
JiW remnanU done up in bundles at 10c, i>er roll,
Good quality Scotch and Canadian Linoletjma in
floral and block patterns; 6 ft. wide. Regular 55o.
per square yard, for the balance of the month at
47%c per square yard.
Carpet'and Linoleum remnants at big reductions.
Cocoa Mats for outside the door; good quality.
Regular value 85c.
Special 75c.
Grocery Specials
Braid's Best Coffee, freah ground* 2 lbs 85
Braid's Big Four, fresh ground, 2 lbs 75
Libby'« Sliced Pon«hw, 1V* tt»V tins, 2 for 8>
Libby's Sliced Pineapple, 2 R>. (tall) 80
Libby's Sliced Pineapple, 2 lb. (flat) 85
Navel Oranges, per half case .1.75
Baldwin Apples, per box  1.40
Kootenay Jam, Plum, -Gooseberry and Cherry
5 lb. pail 19
Red Seal Jam, 5 lb. pail ..., 50
Shamrock Matches, 2 pkgs. for 15
Riley's Toffy, per lb. 15
Cream Chocolates, per lb. 85
Siam Riee, 4 Mw 85
Braid's best Hulk Tea, 2 lbs 90
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 8 lba. ..., Tb
Okanagan Onions, 10 lbs. 85
Okanagan Carrots, 12 lbs, 85
Okansgan Turnips ,16 lbs 35
Umpire ITam, himvy, per lb 18
Kmpire Baeon, heavy, per lh. 81
Kippered Herring. 2 lbs. 85
Bloaters, per lh. .•......,..••......     .10
Finnan ITaddic, per tb     18H
Fresh Tlerring, p«r lb. ..., 10
Fresh Halibut.per lb. 18V4
Frcsh T«kc Trout, per lb ...*.,.,   .16
Fresh Maekerel, per lb 15
Ijard, *$ lh, pull ..........................   .w
Imtxt, u in. pun    .10
tSeievXeii ijookim *'««*. •* *-*«>*•  l.#
Dill Piekles, 2 twt,     ,,,.,,.,,,.'.*,,..*,,,   .*m*'-
Fwwh Killwl Turkey, per lb,...,    .85
Frrsb Killwl Tnrki*. iw lb. , 15
nwi utta-ik -tiiBtPiw, iwr iu. ................    yJtb
Frw* KilW Du-ckn, per lb. 80
Fr«ih Killwl (1ilek«i. per Ib,    .80
The Store of
|       Quality
Money Sw»
ing Prices


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