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The District Ledger Sep 26, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Strength
No. 4, Vol. vin.
i/A^
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
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THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. 0, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
**+
'**u
lhatllHillcrest Relief Commission Doing?
Colorado Fuel Co.
Reject Peace Proposals
■Final Adjudication by Federal Board
Objected To—Other Companies
' to Send Reply
D-SMVBR, Colo., Sept. 22.—The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, Itt a letter to (President Wilson, made public
tonight, expressed unwillingness to reemploy all strikers wbo bave not been
convicted! of crime, as suggested in the
three-year truce proposal prepared by
H-yiwel davies and William JR. -Frawley,
mediators appointed by the Secretary
of Labor in an effort to end the Colorado miners' strike.
The corporation also objected to the
final adjudication of disputes by a
Federal grievance commission in the
maimer suggested by the medlatora.
The letter was signed 'by J. iF. Wel-
horn, president of the company, who ia
to discuss the strike problem with
President Wilson at Washington tomorrow.
Union Miners Accept Plan
At a .convention held at Trinidad
last week the union miners of Colorado accepted the truce plan without
amendment, and notified President
Wilson that they were ready to call
off the strike and go to work as soon
as the proposal should have been accepted by tbe -mine ownon&
The letter signed -by Mr, Welborn
was tbe individual reply of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company to   the
letter  tn*m   Prnatriftnt iWllmftn     urging
President has granted to a delegation
of Colorado coal operators, headed by
J. F. Welborn, president of the Colorado Fuel and lorn Company, at Washington:
''Mr, Welborn has sent me a copy of
the reply which he made on behalf
of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, to your letter of September 5.
As this reply ls made on behalf of
that company alone I feel at liberty,
both as one of its directors and as
representing a substantial minority
interest, to take a more active part in
the matter than I did when it was in
the bands of a committee representing
ail of the operators.
"Will you permit me, therefore, to
say that <I am ln hearty sympathy with
the spirit of earnest desire to meet
your wishes .which Mr. Welborn's letter manifests. I sincerely hope that
as a. result of the interview you have
granted to Mr. Welborn, some prac*
tical plan may be evolved which will
be adapted, to the peculiar situation of
our company, and be acceptable to our
employes. I beg further to assure
you that my time is at your disposal,
and that I will support any constuct-
ive plan which properly conserves the
interests of the stockholders, the employee and the public."—Spokesman-
Review.
• 8. P. OF C.
The "Saturday night" dances of the
Socialist Party will continue until further notice.
A special business meeting will be
held in the Socialist Hall on Sunday,
September 27th.
It has been decided to commence a
debating and speakers' class on the
first "idle" afternoon following (Monday, September 26th.
^ RETURN THANK8
We have been asked to express
thanks on behalf of Gladstone Local
and Coal Creek Club to Dr. Corsan for
two handsome libraries of B. C. history, presented by him to these institutions. Bach library consists of four
large volumes, bound in half (Morocco
and cloth, with a complete biographical and historical record of B. C. The
books are a welcome addition to the library of both Institutions and are
greatly appreciated by the members.
NOTICE
The management of the Bra- ♦
aeau Mines, Kordegg, Alta., de- ♦
sires the District to request ♦
men to stay away from their ♦
mines, as there are already a ♦
number of men in camp whom ♦
they are unable to employ. ♦
'NOTICE
A grand patriotic ball will be held in
Victoria Hall, under the auspices of
the citizens of Fernie, on Thanksgiving night, Monday, October 12, 1914.
The proceeds will be turned over to
the Canadian Patriotic Fund, for the
purpose of assisting the dependants
of soldiers called to duty during the
present war.  .
This is a worthy cause and should
be well patronized by all classes who
have the welfare of the Empire at
heart.
All societies, fraternal and otherwise are hereby requested by the general committee to refrain from holding any dance until after the patriotic
ball has been held.
G. O'BRIEN,
Secretary of Committee.
KEEP   AWAY
We are requested by the secretary of the Hillcrest Local
to advise all men to stay away
from that camp for the present,
as there are more than sufficient men to fill positions.
Xotice will be given through
these columns when conditions
are normal.
:
adoption of the true plan. The other
operators in the State, it waa asserted,
would unite in a separate letter which
would be sent to the President by
mail. .
8ofne Features Disapproved
The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company) expressed approval of certain
features of* tbe proposed truce, but
decided -disapproval of tbe other provisions. Tbe corporation, In Ita letter, maintained that Ita flrat obligation waa to Hs present employes*, many
of whom, would have to be discharged
If aU tbe strikers who have not been
convicted of crime should be reemployed,
Work Will Be Scarce
President WHboru's letter to President Wlleon aald, In part:
"Owing to the depreaaed state of
tbe rteel industry we feel tbat we
should offer work available at ourj
mlnea to auch of our Iron and steel
workers sa might be thrown out of
employment becauae of reduced pro*
ductlon. Indeed, we aire now faced
with tbe poeetMMy that through having to curtail our steel production,
witb the consequent effect upon ooal
and coke operations, work will not be
available for all tbo mlnen even now
employed,
"You will tuad-tretaad, too, thit a
great deal of ill-feeling baa been en*
rendered between   some of the men
who quit and Umm who bave remained at or retnmed to work.   We are
very two fee would not urge tbet we
reinstate formor employee who,   although not aetaatty found guilty ot
violating tho laws, hnvo to our knowl-
edge glvon evert indication* of heatll>
Mee toward our men. The Inside of a
eett MM ts at boat attaadad with
haiards not common to other operations,   ft to, there-tore, peculiarly   a
place where wa should aot aaaign man
neac**bly Inclined to work alongside
of other arteere who have been la-
eirwied to aooompJlab tbelr tad*, If
aeeeaaary, by violent mesas aad wbo
were mw raatialaad by at atroeuMat
by tkatr liaise* to *at»t*i kaatwr«aa.
"We aro wetaiei to reembtef anon
wait which met la available ear sum
wbo eo fbr aa we know haa aot shared
la tba raoawMtMUiy tor acta ot vto>
lenaa ae overt hostility,   In tact, wa
ara tally Uklag batik each man lato
aw eervtoe.  Oar com as ay aaara aa;
uinm Manns Umm*.   toe   imu ot\
wkaaa ettnmtm me that tbey Ml
Hi. <Hi|l«r. O-Wlettretitotsehteiir
lama of mptarmat aa ettraatfva
that we aaa aetata al all Uatae  the
■DENVER, Colo., Sopt 23.—Because
of their faith In the Integrity of the
President of the United States to
appoint a commission   that will   be
DISTRICT BOARD AND  THE
HILLCREST RELIEF FUND
Open Letter to Premier Sifton.  The Hillcrest Re.
lief Commission and all whom it may concern
The following is a copy of one ot the many letters deceived by the District President:
10138 McDonald, Avenue, Rlverdale, Edmonton, Alta.,
September 21st, 1914.
Alberta Fed. of Lab.
Convention Call
To the Officers and .Members of Central Labor Bodies and the Local
Unions of the   Province   of   Alberta Affiliated with the Alberta
Federation of Labor:
•Brothers and Fellow Workers:—fThe
second annual convention of the Alberta Federation of Labor will convene In the city of Calgary, Alberta,
on Monday morning, October 12th, and
will continue in session from day to
day until the business of the convention  has  been  completed.    Further
information re place of meeting and
railway fares will be forwarded    to
your organization in due course.
Article I, section 3, reads, in part:
Each labor union shall be entitled to
two delegates for the first one hundred members or less, and one delegate for each additional hundred
members or majority fraction thereof. Central labor bodies, district
boards, building trades councils, allied councils, United Farmer of Alberta and similar bodies shall be entitled to two delegates each. Delegates from central bodies must be
members of unions affiliated with the
Federation, and credentials from
such bodies shall be attested to by officers of the local union of which the
delegate is a member.
Enclosed herewith are credential
forms for deleeatefi_tQ-tha_*cQnyenUon,
"Sat aw.
rispoatlbfflty meet ho t* the mow atffl
it work, mm wbo tm asarty a feet
■dar asset trytaa **f.
w m^e   •matef   ^p^^Bww w^mmt
-pany  baa ase-vred tta wiery amp-Wye
that Ito
tola   etttmteuett.  irrespective  ttt
^e m^m^dtmm  et^m   ^me^ee -^m
HeekalWar Will Hate
flair, the 12,000 Colorado miners who
bave been strike since September 23,
1913, bave accepted his plan for a
thr^e years' truce.
If the coal operators, who have always refused to deal with tbelr former employes, accept the proposition,
and lt seems doubtful that tbey will,
the Colorado atrike, probably tbe
most Important Industrial struggle ln
history, will be at an end, and thc
men will return to tbelr former positions In the mines.
While practically all of the delegates to the convention ln Trinidad
admitted that the offer of the President did not embody all tbe rights
tbey should have** tbey admitted tbat
It provided for conditions never bad
in Colorado, that Is it the commission
of three to be appointed to enforce
the provision ot tba truce is fair.
People of Colorado fail to see just
wbat excuse the operators can give
for taming down Mr. Wllion'e proposition. Its salient features give only
thoaa things wblch bave been granted
tb* miners sine* lift.
Tba first provision of tbe true* sets
out that all mining aad labor laws of
the Stato shall be strictly enforced.
When tb* minors struck ona year ago,
six ot tbelr seven demands war*
granted tbem by tba then existing la*
bor an* mining law* et Cotorido,
Ona ot tba many Important demands
wbleb till* trace would guarantee Is
that providing th* right of men to be-
loag to tavor organisations. Tbls baa
always been denied tbt men bf tbt
operator* who discharged all ee>
ployaa kaowa to *v*a eyitoathiss with
tba United Mlna Workers.
Tb* PreaMeat'e plan allows tb* at*
to bar* tbelr ustoas, and tbelr meet*
lag*, as wtll as a commutta to takt
vp all grtevaacte with the company*
Colorado haa beea kaowa far yoara
aa tha itate where tha miners bav*
baas rabbsd af mt to fM panada «f
ooal aa every car thay mined. Tm
tweatydtv* years that* has beea a
law oa lb* atotot* book* gtviag tba
■aa th* right to hav* a eheekwetgfe*
ssaa aad Una pmeattag this whole-
tmtm   -taddwrr       pematdmet   wm******
trntwamea *m«*a tba mm ui* n>m <t*|
aavo a eaaeicweaHMaan aaa eenme  a
aoMtisstoa to aaa that th*' atiaars
get thl* right a* wed as all *(h*f* provided by tha aslatat aad labor taws et
tb* tdtitm
ttttk wholesale staaaMav af tha
artaera aad thslr famlHaa wtll be daae
away with ia lha fetar* If tha aslaera
Mi the snaif emtttrtattlem wo
•^^mm women   yw^^r^^    ■•••"^^^^r**^»ww»www   »^«
peri of tbe rraeidenCs
•Mah ibi* that al am*
ha dtoahaned  aad  self
'^aa    ai^^^a^t^m^^m*"*1*       ^^*^n^        -^^^^j
allowed to protoct th*
ansasmr.   A Oetorade law far
yw^rf^www^/t atm ^-n^wwrw ^^^mt wwtwr oaoro
*-uto*^^dA||k fL^jh ^^^^^^JflUEe-AJa tilia^h ^*am^^^*^*^
■^F^^*mm*wt mmm jjteew^oeoeeo*-^^op w^^^& imt^^^wwe
U-tSaa tt assa* wentdn, ha: tha cwpara*
Dear Sir:—I am again writing to you. hoping you will not ignor^ thia one. I want to know if the District Ledger subscription list iB closed yet, and when they are going to give any relief out. I suppose you
are aware when we got tbe last one, August 5th. I came into town, started a home here for my children,
and It took all 1 had. I haven't had a cent tor over a week, and you can't get credit, because everything is
on the "bum" here. I don'i see what is the use ot money tbere. when you can't get a cent, especially when a
person ia in want. I hare written twice to the commissioner at Hlllcrest, but no answer. I don't know what
to .da I'm sure If It had not been for my brother-in-law my family aud I would have starved. He-has only
worked two weeks and hasn't drawn a cent, and lias a wife and family to keep.
I again ask you to try and do something, and hope you ylll not fail mc, as we are greatly ln need.
I am, yours truly,
(\MRS.) T. W. BROWN.
Open letter to Premier Sifton, the Hillcrest Relief Commission, and to Whom It May Concern:
It is now a matter of history that on June 19th. last, 189 lives were Mown to eternity at Hillcrest.
Consequently, subscription lists wore immediately opened up for the purpose of assisting the victims'dependants.
There were two funds, a general relief fund and the District relief fund.
The Dominion Government made a grant to the general fund of $50,000, and the Alberta Provincial Government donated $20,000.
The Alberta Government, however, for reasons best known to themselves, appointed a commission to handle their donation, as well as the general fund.
A* it was a mining disaster and practically all the deceased were members of District 18, of tho
United Mine Workers of America, it was felt by the dependants, the present membership of Hillcrest Local, the Executive Board of District 18, and .many others, that mine workers should be represented on the relief commission.
With this end in view, various parties were interviewed and written to by representatives of tho
mine workers. Premier Sifton was seen by the Secretary of rhe District, but he, like all others, ab-
solutely refused to consider tbe appointment of a mine workers' representative on the commission.
In order that position of the mine workers may be thoroughly understood, we wish to slate why
wc desired representation on the commission.
The stun ul $6,739.20 has been sent ur promised to the District ror Hte dependants, and we felt
that all monies collected should be handled from one central fund, hence we were fleairoiis of placing this money in the general fund, but with all due respect to the personnel of the iiimmission appointed by the Albert* Government, we feel responsible for said money, and do not feel disposed
to hand it over without at least having aome voice in the matter of disbursing aame.
We believe an official or a member of onr organization would be a valuable aaset to such commission, because a person living among the miners and coming in daily contact with them would,
neoeaaarily, be able to help any outsider (no matter how able they may be) in arriving at equitable
distribution.
We are supported in this contention when we not*' that in the handling of the Cherry iwliof
fund a statement is made in a report on game by a representative of the American Red Cmw Mocity,
that the service* of representatives ot tbe miner Wi»rken were indiafieaitftble.
On the commission handling the Cheny relief fund are the International Hecretary of the I'nit-1
Mine Woricew and the Secretary of the Illinois District, Cherry being located in said District.
Questions are ao frequently aaked of the District officer*, and letters such n* thc above beium-
ing so eonuaon, tliat we are compelled to make a clear statement of onr position.
CIRCOLO OPERAIO ITALIANO
CELEBRATE GARIBALDI
DAY
.Monday was Garibaldi Pay, and was
celebrated at Fernie by all the Italians
of this city and the surrounding district. Over three hundred members of
the Italian societies of the neighboring towns visited the city during tbe
day. On arrival they were met toy
the local Italian society and headed
by the Italian band, with gorgeous
manners flying and beautiful silk Canadian flags and Italian standards
being carried side by side at the bead
of each lodge, paraded the principal
streets and then retired to their
lodge room. The day's festivities
came to a successful termination in
the evening when a grand ball was
held in the Queen's Hotel.
There were fifty-three visiting members from Coleman, and twenty-six
from Michel.
The procession and demonstration
was a tribute to tbe solidarity of the
Italians in this town and the reverence
with which they regard the great de-
deader of Italian liberties, Guiseppe
Garibaldi.
For tbe benefit or the many English-
speaking people who may be ignorant
of the part played ln history by this
grant nmtActnp,-iiiaAppi>iMl-Mtf
i tte only diaourscmant we have mad* tip to the |w*Hit t* u torm***) t%f nn„
iMte claimant whom we eoald reach, resident outside the Province of Alberta.
,f
•t-'t'ttfj  ibuiiA
Ir, tomrdtng tbe fatorrttw which tht
It
tttmm edt Kl^k *g^l^^^|Aju^^u| j^f *t/___t_ Vli-Wk
m_wm-^m ^^a em'mr ^mwmm^mw,^*^^mm wm w^^m -mmmM^r
tomu pm ta that mtatts aii opet*■
tore ihan each pay half ef the ' ot-
peases af thia commlaatoa af theest
Onr w*w*» for ao doing was that ihe nlM coirnn.wion thought that a partr lirinir ont*M, xi
fcerta m not require relief, and in a circular i«ucd by them t\Z AnfZteU.«LV *  ? ?  M\
to ontdot Ihtw* reatdaatt U at** vw..r,... 7      ^ ,Wy «*™n*V itate thev »n)y intend
■   ■• ■ *>    -«.**■*   n, m -a » ***** ,.'*.,
W. »* Hmly nnlMtd IM tk. hmllia of th, vinim. who lm, ,„ _«., k„ „_
ereet nr eiqr other pan of Alberta. ""ppen io rtsuie at Hill.
We atm feel that tke money shook! he In one fund ent) dfvWerf rmp#r!y aaa™. m ,i    i ^ ,
«»* and a* aatkfied ts, impartial r**ler w»M ap*, with tm fLmTwTZtd a.kntt
nny ^rp^mry «0,idCraUau, uat^ da we hmtU, -(,r.y *„d \Zw*b ttZ^nZ TZ I
tee,, «kmU hav* indeed a member of the United Mine Worker, on th* eomtZm
ing brief history of the Italian patriot:
Guiseppe Garibaldi was an Italian
patriot and guerilla leader, born of a
Genoese family in 1807. at Nice.   He
early became associated   with   Maz-
zlni's movement   for Italian liberty,
and had In consequence to flee   the
country  (1834).    Atter  various • adventures he entered tbe service   of ,
the revoked Brazilian   state of   Rio
Grande (1836), and then of the republic of Monte Video (18424).   In 1848
we find him again in Italy, leading  a
body ot volunteers against   the   Au-
strains.  Thence  he  passed to Home,
then in the hands of the patriots, and
beseiged by tbe French, and materially assisted in its defense.  Tbe breakdown of the popular movement sent
him again upon his travel*. He came
to the United States and lived for a
time at Staten Island, N. Y., and after
another visit to South America, took
command of an American trading ves-
«r>l on the Pacific coast.   Dm In 1854
he settled on a small   farm   in   tbe
island of Caprera, northeant of Sardinia, whence he eagerly watched tha
issue of   Cavour's   policy   In   Italy.
After fighting against Austria in 1859,
he In I860 protested against the cession of Nice and Savoy, which Napoleon III had exacted from Cnvour.   In
thla aame year he aalled from Genoa
with   the   famoue "thousand volunteers," and on May 11, 1860, landed
at Marsala, In Sicily, routed at Cats-
tlflml a much Isrger   body of troops
sent against bim, and within twenty-
*ix d*)« (rom lending made himself
master of Palermo.  In two months he
was at tbe head of 18,000 men. aad on
July 28 the   Neapolitans   evacoated
Meselna, leaving bim absolute matter
of the ialand.   Between August P and
It, Garibaldi crossed to the mainland,
and his progress toward* the capital
(N'ftploa) waa a triumphal proceealon.
Meanwhile Cavour. disliking the republicanism to mtilcb Garibaldi   waa
inclined, endeavored to p*i po***tmion
ot Naple* bttor* Giribaldl reached Ui
bat Garibaldi waa too quick for him.
and #at#r*ti tb* etty ca Hc-p.tmbc? 1.
Wtitn, however, the ttardtalaa army of
Victor Kmmnnuel   appeared  on   the
Neapolitan frontier. Garibaldi rnrignetf
hi* tietatortkip, nntl on Number f,
isee, reltred to CNiprera.     ftiit   Ike
dream of a salted Italy, with Rome
*r,9n       *  .1*     ii* ■      ■' . ......   *,...,  .94.4.   . * •*%«-*
\tlnntvtd the eout *t ttr^rfl :A*.*-yA,',• U# **,,M *'* *'*■*'»"'■• "- tU* •:, '
the track* and it l« thought that the] •"•* nm Um* h* wt» »*v^' w«u*<»
contlnuoue rain haa ceased apontan- ** ,D * **,u* **»»»«« **• wal foeee*
•out comhwuc*.  W. R. Wilson, gen-l •* Aaproawnte tmzt'. bat oa the Ht-
eral maaaaer of the Crow's Kent fo«t
tri*tr*ff,ti- n-t.** ,.,r >j;h (W¥¥„;-tl w
reader what advfoe and aa*lstanc« he
could.
8eaM Idea ef the quantity of coal
stored may he gathered from the fact
as well as for alternate delegates, in
duplicate, one copy of each to be filled
out and forwarded by the local Union
or labor body to the secretary of the
Federation, Drawer 889, 'Medicine
Hat, on or before the Sth day of October, 1914; and tbe delegates and alternates-elect to be furnished with one
copy by their Local Union or labor
body, to be presented to the secretary
In Calgary before the opening of the
convention.
It would be superflous to enumerate
the program now under consideration
by the executive; this bas been covered In the secretary's quarterly reports. There ts a vast amount of
work to be taken up at the convention,
which requires representation from
every union affiliated. It is hoped
that the legislature will not meet until after the convention; It Is the intention of the executive to moot immediately preceding the convention to
prepare proposed legislation affecting
every wage earner In the 'Province.
It is to the Interests ot every Local
Union to have delegates at the convention to consider the program of
the executive. See to It that your
strongest representatives are selected,
and that your voice la heard In the deliberation* of tbe Convention.
Fraternally n>urs,
ALBBRTA PKDBRATION OP LADOIt,
R. W. BBLLAiMY, Sec
Regarding a footnote appearing on
all conv«ntlon calls which bave been
seat out to the various Locals, we
would call your attention to the fact
that arrangementa have been made
which entitles all Locals to representation In tb* above convention. We
would erg* that all Locate he represented It funds permit,
DISTRICT BXaCIITIVB BOARD.
O. N. COAL RtttftVI ON PIRg AT
RIXPORO
At wt go to press, we ar* iuformvd
lhat th* reeerv* stock of coal stored
by fhe Or*»t Northern IUiS*aj at
Resford hat caught fire »n-i li likr
ly to he entirely destroyed.
Th* store comprise* many thousands of tons and ha* been stored in
the open. In prerlmt* year* the conl
was dta-trlhated la ear* over tbe eya-
. «.^-.»/
i.Vt,
Vn*» a wertl itrntdpotnt, there can he no queatlon a* to the justification nf ^ ^i5
.10.
We •hall fmtm W$ki of thw tetter tu Vtmmt 9*ltum ami **\k*re with . *f„* tA „ . v
«Ntet«a«!f»t which wiD he tntisfaetary to all tenetn**. "*^"*lk a *«* {» ™«*»• »«
om BiiiALF or Dismicrr xo. i«, v. si. w.opa.
that the compsay claim to have three
months' store at Retford, which 1*
their reserve ia the event td mom-
•Mdea w ethet contlnsuwaclet
•ORN
September Utk, ia \tr, and Mrs,
George Thompeoo, a mn.
OttD
At Georgetown, on September lfith,
Willie, Miy tea et Mr aad Sfna llm
Werdrep^ let* of Naem^ aad Pfcvei*.
ead attempt he met with a severe de-
f*,. *.»*, rttt .,...' » r.-,.„: >m^.
at Meniaaa, near Rosse, end was taken
pritoaer b> the Sardiniao govem-
meat i.No*., JMTi. aad ccaflaed fer
tome da) a near Specie, whence he era*
permitted to retire once more to
Caprera. Ilia oaly other pohtte net
was a rather <julsotk attempt lo aid
the infant rteiieh rembtlr *«i»n«t »w
■Oeraaan* in 117*"*, «hen be headed
a enrp* of French volateers In Bur-
goud). ill* ttimpettnine waa mmm*
ettntnl, nnd h* felt httterty the crltl-
cleaat to which tk* Vnmtb mb%**t*4
htm   He died ta tttt
Three af the nfweiy-ftv* volimt«M*r»
from Pernie for the «v« r*ee* ooetiir-
§eet won ndwctm at Valcartler  aad
|r*-t*r*ed t* Perale ee Tneeday mig*t?nstik\'i**w
^'tf^gumkn
ss*-&iesig-siBa*w>-^^
(fill *r'»-i>iir'w,''T'■ i .","*u"XiiXvj'i***"•_,f'-rtf^"*-'}''^^"VtijH^C.yi"''jjfjj^jj,'»> iy^..Sj'"j;'-*y ■>'' ^■"■" ^g~"'~
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
i
Labor and Wages
  Ui
lM&3I£^^"3I^5JSJ!3ISJSUMMSf@ISMSISfSf3MSMI EJiiMiMiiMSl!^'^^
Some   Weid   Statements   Dealt   With
In the second number of the "Candid, Quarterly Review," coducted by
-Mr. Thomas Gibosn Bowles, appears
an unsigned article with the above
title. The writer raises the question
of industrial disputes, proclaims the
necessity for close and deep investigation.' and yet throughout the article never once tackles any essentia!
or goes below the surface.
According to him, "the doubts and
difficulties that .haunt society today
are of foreign extraction, and were in
danger cf destruction when crossing
the Channel, but survived." That
there <-vas no necessity for "labor unrest" to cross the Channel is shown
in his next paragraph, the cusfonvijy
reference to "England's immunity
from war during the early portion of
nineteeth century, and her consequent
growth of manufacture," conditions
which in themselves breed class struggle. "The industrial dispute threatens England's supremacy; yet perhaps
a greater glory awaits her. 'Perhaps,
amid a Europe weakpned by class
hatred and torn by labor convlusions,
..England may again show the world a
way to social peace." The writer
forgets that the conditions that .breed
class hatred on the continent exist
here in the same degree and from the
same cause. The capitalist caji only
wish that a way may be discovered.
His time-server, whether he be economist, labor leader, Salvationist, or
or scientist, can only grope for a capitalist solution as the alchemist groped
for the philosopher's stone. But
while they flounder their time grows
short. They may shirk the contest
with the Marxian theory of value, or
refer to the Socialist Party as an insignificant minority, but—and here we
quote from 'Ate "Review:" "in economics there is at least this merit
about the truth—that, once proclaimed, it is sure in the end to prevail."
In order to prove to the workers
that the "Socialist claim that they are
• being exploited is false, they must
be taught economics." Xo longer can
this be designated the dismal science,
for we are assured: "It Is a mistake to
suppose that the worldngmen take no
interest in economics. It would be
more nearly the truth to say that at
this moment they take little interest
iF"*^7tTnng~O"e.,'-Tr"Tirrtratn"0ivc€"
proclaimed is sure to prevail," then
capitalism is indeed ou its last legs,
for economic truth Is proclaimed In
"capital," and it is only an interested
working class we wait for.
The capitalist and his journalistic
hacks will consequently wish and
grope in vain for a way out. It is
utterly futile, also, to write of the
Socialist movement as "the sedulous
propagation  of economic  falsehood."
cialist."   Of whom    else    would    he
expect an answer?
"Wealth, in the economic sense, has
no existence until members of the
working class have expended their
energy on the different substances
common ro the earth's crust. That
these substances belong to a small
class in society, does not necessarily
raise the question, "what is a fair
wage?" but rather, why any class or
section of society should own the
means of life necessary to all? The
"full-blooded 'Socialist" knows the answer to this; that is why he is polti-
cally organized for the establishment
of a system of society where the
means of wealth production will be
owned and democratically controlled
by those who use them.
The Review, in common with all
the anti-Socialist crowd, is particularly concerned that the writers, under
Socialism, shall be treated with fairness—even as they are today. So
thoy timorously advance certain "insoluble questions."
"Is the whole product of a factory
only to be shared between the workers in that factory? or is it to be
shared by all workers in the land?
And ls each workman to share equally, irrespective of merit, or unequally? And if the latter, on what principle and by what authority are the
shares to be assessed?"
A five shilling review is dear at the
price if it can serve up nothing belter than this in defense of the class it
caters for.
Ownership being in the hands of
the peoplo, there will the authority be,
and the common interests of all, asserting itself, will speedily put an
end to the anomalies of capitalist authority. "Fair" wages and low wages,
soft jobs and speeding up, poverty iu
the midst of plenty, and all the other
abuses that belong to capitalism in
its normal state, will end when the
working class cease to be mere articles of merchandise, kicked and
knocked about the labor market.
The Candid journalist has also
many doubts and misgivings about
the terms: "The right to live" and "a
living wage." He discusses these
from many points of view, his perhaps, most brilliant and original remark being, "for happiness and influence in J truth, do not depend ou
^^■^'""ATtEi^tlrts^Tiid'TniiBlrTitrore-!^
relevant matter on rights and duties,
he delivers himself of the following:
"Wages are neither fair no unfair;
they are fixed either by personal benevolence or by mercantile -bargain,"
As he cannot possibly claim benevolence for tbe employer who pays low
wages, It follows that those who re
celve wages are   the   recipients
tion, either if they will not or cannot
sell their only possession—the value-
creating energy—for a mess of pottage, and that, too. adulterated.
"Let us probe a little more deeply
the allegation that the workman is
being cheated." The reader need not
fear getting out of his depth. 'Needless to say, the writer of the article
merely emphasises certain inconsistencies and peculiarities of the capitalist system, without proving anything
except its utter absurdity as a system"
for intelligent people to live under.
Like the hysterical suffragette he
runs away from the question he raises
and flogs something else to hide his
cowardice. "A universal proportion
of wages to profits." The wages bill
in some industries is. he says, higher
than the profits. "Moreover, inequalities exist side by side In the same industries in the amount of profit."
These observations are as old as they
are shallow—examples of the poverty
of argument against Socialism. The
depths are not probed, for the total
profits of every concern are not considered; and this would have been the
surest way to ascertain whether the
working class is robbed.
Jt is easy to see that in a competitive system differences in methods
and management will produce different results. All that is proved, is
the inability of the capitalist class—
with the assistance of politicians,
economists, and scientists—to eliminate anarchy among themsleves, ,and
establish for themselves proportionate division of the spoil, by means of
an even method of exploitation.
Any article on labor questions
would, of course, be incomplete without reference to copartnership! The
"candid" writer is candid, besidefe being illuminating and instructive. He
says':
"Copartnership has been universally
successful in achieving peace . . .
and the striking tiring^ is that it has
achieved this peace without any great
or even noticeable Increase in the
wages paid. For it must, be remembered -that, the income whioh a workman under such a scheme derives
from his share in the profits is necessarily a very slight part of the
whole wage, and that largely owing to
the liability of that share to suffer in
-yie!d-ifi-bad-ti«ies,-4iis-total-effestiv«-
is no greater than that of his fellows
outside. But he is content because he
has been convinced that he is not
being robbed. How can he be when
he elects a delegate to the board and
has some actual voice in the management? It is clear, therefore, that the
achievement of industrial peace is
0f I less a matter of raising wages than of
bidding of the master class they must
work for a mere subsistence—a wage
they certainly do not "approve" of.
Throughout bis long article the
writer in the Candid' Review has
only succeeded in proving the incapacity of the capitalist class, with
all their professional assistants, to
run society on sane lines. Anarchy
and poverty for the wealth producers,
luxury and power for the idlers, are
the net result of capitalism. The
jjnly brilliant achievement of modern
society is its marvellous productive
and distributive power, developed by
centuries    of-  experiment    and    in-
i .***
vention; and these are. due ip the
working class. It* is they who have'
done everything useful. It is'they
who use energy and intelligence in
the production of all social wealth.
The scribbler In "the Candid Review
says that the workingman should remember that the end of discontent is
not the improvement of wages,' but
the fall of society, and if at the end
of it all, society does fall he will be
instantly buried in the ruins.
We know different. The intelligence and capacity displayed by the
workers on the field of production can
be utilized 'by them for other purposes. When they have added knowledge to their intelligence they will establish a system of society where they
will consume what tbey produce. Production is difficult; to consume is
easy. To establish Socialism, it is
true, requires an effort, of which, however, an educated working class is
'easily capable. The fall of (capitalist) society—which cannot take place
until the workers are educated—therefore, means the end of their slavery.
—Socialist Standard.
BE
EVERYCENT!
To the purchaser on Saturday of a cake
Toilet Soap or box of Talcum Powder
costing not less than 25c we will give 250
votes in our piano contest
'  SEE   OUR   WINDOW   FOR   TOILET   PREPARATIONS
/
/
TKE  GEM  OF  THE  WEEK
Your Piano
(
,:J
; charity.   "Wages are neither fair no
] unfair," is where   he   should   have
for, so far, he had not blun-
because a fallacy   can   be   exploded,  stopped
while this braggart can   only   dance; rtered,
round the supposed fallacy, and leave      Wage ls the name for the price of
n record of his utter inability to even
understand the subject.
"The whole Industrial system Is
arraigned. Capitalism is cheating, exploitation," says he, ls the doctrine
taught. "It is their business to prove
It, yet this Is exactly what they never
do." "They," are doubtless, th« labor
leaders who either cannot or will, not
expose the system that fosters them,
being content to mouth beliefs, and
em/ply appeals for "justlco" and "fair-
ne«8," "Whnt," nskH the writer, "is
the fair sharp of labor In the product
of any industry? if the present rage,
then there lm no grievance. .Then it
must be something more. Hut how
much more? N'o answer to those
questions"l* ever attempted," he complains, "except by the full-blooded So-
labor power. Whether the wage be
high or low there can be no queatlon
of fairness, because the employing
class having the power, dictate the
wages and conditions. They first
divorce the workors from the means
of life, in order to compel them to
sell their energy at the cost of living.
But what Is the difference between
the cost of living of the working class,
as represented by wages, and the total
wealth produced by them? Whether
wages represent one-third or one-
ninth it is obvious that the employing
class only pay wages In order to obtain this surplus over the cost of
maintenance of the working class.
How then can wages be fair or unfair?
The wage system Is one where the
workers are threatened with atarva-
DAVIDSON'S
Meat Market
convincing the workman that he is
not being robbed. But as the work-
man (quite properly) will never consent to share In losses, Its application
Is only possible to steadily successful concerns; it is nevertheless to be
•heartily welcomed as a temporary expedient of the highest value."
Quite a long paragraph, by the way,
but reduced to simple language, it
means that co-partnership workers,
besides being robbed of the results of
their laibor—like otlipr workers-~»are
successfully bluKed as well.
Assuming that he has proved conclusively that the workers are not
robbed, because some of them have
been persuaded to believe ao, the
writer of the article next proceeds to
show in what an Eldorado the worker really lives, according to his limited knowledge of actual conditions,
Our author says:
"It la true that the Individual workman without savings must aell his
labor without undue delay; he Is not
bound to sell It to the first bidder.
Ills strength as n bargainer depend*
partly on his reputation and skill as
a (.ufUiuuii, but iiwlii!) upon Uiul
clow competition among his possible
employer.", which will enable him
"I firmly believe that capability is a
tool which all women should use with
care. One of the greatest joys of
womanhood is to be taken care of by
somebody else.
"To ibe capable means you are self-
reliant, commanding and independent.
And what lovable woman ever wanted
to be these things-rand who wants
her to be them?
"As a matter of fact, most women
are' fairly self-reliant. But if they
have any wit they hide the fact with
all the skill at their command.
"I never did believe for one moment that Queen Elizabeth was the
sort of woman who needed a cloak
spread over a muddy crossing. Not
she! 'But she was, clever enough to
give the Impression that she was too
Jml,*,1^raji —ii, ai.jilsj thA..lul/litlae ILtllltCC
something masculine came to her aid.
"1 should hatp'a man who was abfe
to say: 'Oh, I'll leave that for you to
do. You can do It better than I.J My
husband says: 'You had better let
me do that, dear.'
"Be over capable and your days are
instantly filled with the drab duties of
other folk—the uninteresting Jobs
which no one else hns energy enough
to tackle.
"The real root of
ngalnst the capable
overpowering belief
Xew York Tribune.
X
With a Little Effort
BUY A BOOK OF CHECKS FOR $5.00 & SECURE
iT-HE-C0UPONS=FOR-A=3T=Am\—THESE CHECKS
s
/
CAN BE EXCHANGED FOR PURCHASES
iny complaint
woman 'Is her
In    herself."—
They have it now. They are going
to produce "harmony" between the
capitalist and laborer. But suppose the
workers find out how the masters rob
them, who Is going to continue the
harmony?
Remember, it is ABSOLUTELY FREE
to the Winner
MCLEAN'S DRUG STORE
VICTORIA AVE,
FERNIE, B. C.
is
illil
News of The
Industrial World
The latest report from Stockton,
'"al. where nearly all employers have
combined to put the la oor organisations out of business, indicates that
the would-be unlon-buatera are hav-
Ing difficulty in keeping their force*
Intact. Two big building contractors
(oilo«f<! ttitt auMiipu|mi iiublUUtfi's b>
breaking away from the labor-haters
to' nnd signing up with Mijs unions, and
laugh at one who ofrer* him too low a [ the Kmployer*' Association I* work-
wage," [ ing desperately to hold some of the
| A r«<-ord of the number of such * others In line who are weakening *xn
j "IihibIih" would probably bo intnreat- j Hie*)" realise the probability of being
Ing; but If It la trtn* that occasionally | confronted by big financial loses,
ja worker "with aavlng*" ran afford j Mayor lleigensteln called twenty of
I to tin** by a Job, It 1* equally trti* that * tho lending open whopper* togn ' r
(the vant majority eannot, and are j and tinted tbem to agree to arbitrate
i compelled io re*l.«ii thero»ehe* to the their trouble*, wliMi the nnl«n« hnl
We make all our own Sausages
They are the BEST
first *!tiist!on th.it '.)* va-tttw, without
bargaining or dlmi*»|on-~whlcli, to
the fftpltallft, I* lirp'tdente.
Vett, wc hnv* inmrthlng that !s»
profound ami original. The real i<tgi«
of strike* Is the <le*lr» of tho trade
iifi!on!*t to r*fi bvk tbe mom*} lie icis
I paid In contribution. "After fl'iigert,"
he nnyt, "have ruled blah enough for
nlM'iitly done, and he seetrwd :.> Ue
confident that an amicable aettleman*
i-,t\, bt asade. Whether or not* llie an>»y-
or will mccced In establishing ymm
remain* to bo »een. It appears that
several prof#«»lon»l "labor adjastor*,"
who cleaned up fut wad* in San Fran-
cIhco nnflf other pine-on, tricked tha
Hlockton employer* Into an  agraa*
men and women.
There li a fear expressed by toifie
of the leading officials ot tbe trade
union movement in Great iBrltaln that
religion* differences may cause more
or lea* strife and confusion among a
number ot organlaattona, If not actual
division*. Tliu tlwrgi! Uwt aeixuX
movement* are being Inaplrtul by
greedy employer* and religious seal-
ota for pecuniary and peraonil gain,
and If there ara not actual clashes at
the British Trade Union Congress
next month lt will be bemuse war
troubles overahadow all elie and mu*-
ale the faetlonallat* for tbe time being.
•   •  •
So acute ha* the Mltutttlon become
In thi* country aa the result of the
Kuropaan conflict, aapaelally In In-
created eo** of commodltl*?" and ag
grivatprl unemployment, lhat a labor
conference of Ore*ter New York ia
to ba organlied at onee to eonalder
plan* to alleviate tlm misery, The
movement hn* been Initiated by pro-
grwiive trade union*   and  Socialist
Imperial Bank of Canada
HiAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000      Reierve Fund ....$7,000,000
O. n, WIUKIi, PrtatdlM        HON. HOST JAFFRAY, Vloa-Prca.
BRANCHU  IM  BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Qoldcn, Kamloops, Mlchal,  Ntlaen,.,
Rsvalateke, Vansauvar and Victoria,
•AVINQt DEPARTMENT
Ibttratt allowed on depoalta it current rata from data pt depotH.
FBBNIE BRANCH A. M. OWBN Manager
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Wills, Thle Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables In one of these boxes
S.W
I'.
(
BEEF,   PORK,   VEAL,   MUTTON,   FISH,
POULTRY,   BUTTER  AND BQQ3
A trial order will convlnco you that our
prloet & moats aro tho BEST
«««:■»-»'■       •#.!«.«,*.      ,*J      ,.4Mt*f 9Mt       *ll4t
,.,,,,,   .      ....       ,       ,   ,.,..      ,,[t     r,.)Vl     ,,,,,      ,h|    ^       t.t
■ toncb Ibcir money."   What  cuparjty
for the detection of motive*?
Then the icrlbt aaya:   "In spite of! with
all the itieortoa of romii'.antlnn, one
ron rwmuii mr o*m atiom anit ttt
.tit       ,*tl4*tt,       *"       ,-»-.-        *•*        —t   *.■»»••» ■'*,••        »i -,-•.,44 t«..., ...
:,• ,.i ,',*-..,,>'.,.,*, ,   ,•--} ,.,1-iAAA,   \n-hiT:* \XiAdX<X<rr tn  <i-l',<   jiHV.ri    In    flt*nV
eojj'i-uy-er* get to the j*>i«"t wlwre lbey|«Hh pretcnt nnd   future   problem*.) am mm
ene arbitrate «h#K will bav* to ««Ml*JTh# nwUor* which *lll be eonil.l.'red i |S, B. FOWlOr, MSMiaffOr FOmlO BratlOh
tbelr trouble-breedera, "*"*       " *'"
•   •   •
at tba gathering will be tba sudden In-1
[ereaa** In th» eo*t of food ln aplte of
5H
PROMPT DELIVERY
M.K.
Proprietor
Davidson
for wage* wblsh b# himself doc* not
'approve?   If *o, It I* slavery."
i    Thl* *tatAfl!*nf f» rletr sn.f *«>e(>-
* in*,   it cover* nearly the «hole   of
tin.  itTiplflnir flu*** In e-wtrv '•'>j.fMff.»f
-v ru'ii-tiry on tie globe.   Uittouuitu ht
•inlveriat.   Tb* worker* In mrery oe-
nr* rmto*t*tti* tit ******* 9* t„  .,
•trand.d condition, rldios frtlght car*
Wdlmmmliifelmck" from charitably
Incllnwl people. In *ome of the town*
l-nmfcer mrrtriv   xetteatatal tieaaettl. nt wnrtr
*idwat workman,   la lie or ta he not i that ibe military lawa b« antandixt *o that ihere i* no eapoit at tba prtaaat' "** tt ,B lM "**"**■   ,T** *zT
t« be toned, by tbe miiKiitrate anil iimi troo»' cannot bt calM to tha *»'• tim*  U"1 lncrea*«d  unemployment,! wcatcra, wwmlllworkfr* aad wooda-
the maalttrate and the aaol. to work*ora whan a atrllia la In nrograa*.  It la eaptclally. In tha ahlpplbf Industry.\mm ,n th# lu»b*r «•*>• f <*••»*•
iwlied that when Anderw n«h»r waa and the nation of th« Imtnlffatlon inta b"™ wtanlaod and ara daaundlRg tha polled eteaa tbra oat na faat aa
l»rime Minuter, while tha Labor Party problem whkh win fao« thi* country •■ •'tbt-hoi^day and a njnlmitm thay MrifftttM- hdtot thtlr reward
W1, rn rmf„i nf n, niMw,„, tlW,rn- after the Kttttmettn boatllltiet 'taw' *•«• * »f» mt «•* »H* ««t and for volunteering to parfortn bone* la-
merit, tm l»l«t* Ooremor of Q«a*«*.je»a**l all! ba n wrton* on*.    Naw|«»**«Jtor omtl»e. J^^^j*"-
'ii'h to mnfff»M! Voi*   nml   otw   t***it*rv   rtiU*   nrt> ■ ««'«n «Tforta of tnfW wooflatiwn wava     Italian   wniblngmeit  td See-  Vkrit,
overtron-teil  nliJi nnvrnployet wort-)hMW f«"f!»J*fl l*Wr to Waahlngtwi' to the mmbnr of 1-6,000, wbo ara or-
to tfcg|«f* mil, with the co*t of the ne<e..j and Ortgon. bat now tb* on*nl«tloajMetM<j ta ,^1^ ^m^i^ of T»rlon« oc-
n-Mm*M U growlag   rapidly   *)*•- cnpatUm. ha*« formed *tha   Italian
Otnaral    C««rad«mUon   ot   Tabor.
Ttmf will WNxpMttt arltt tbe other
'ir f ■■ tf-<- I for A-'- ni'f'fi to mi^prw
*'i utriiic in Htiidinnt", two joara ago.
a  hot  motuic
FI«h*r *ent
Munition ara tint** Imnm* *>  the Q»een»)and exeemlve  ihe e*t»i«lentItmrton ot life being booatcd conaunt
Shitohb Gun
* ot "go to ——," and wnn etommd bf
'■ the i»ltie oppcmllltm In I*»i1fa«s«*at b*-
' -i*■*,.tito  fjr«
If by gre*tl> profltflMmtaf*, a iarlona, trime,
•Hnttlof* <mfrw«t* that city thai »«*t     Weotete nowaf«p«ra nnnooiMW
lhat
n*fyr<re>f tn mnntar UnttmP' bo tml kr tslrtnr rndbwt nnd mimrn-t lore* nnmbero ot mm who went tto tb* laeal nahMia nnd oemrnl hodlmn tn Fm-
ia'a wotben aad drtneb tha atwatt altaWa a«Uo« or trooWa fe *ar* lo a^ikarrtat ttald^ a«raett4 by gfealag
DL. Oil   ^**** *0mm7m7.. ^* mmM wd , i»'« workera aad drtneb tha anwata «f mm acwon or irowwo m tmto xo aa>f
rnOne W]J^^^r?K«^B»*?^l^ «Uh \b* Wood of lm>o«an(Ur when the ,(«f«t w«mtfi«r comaa.--- (aecouttti df high *tt*t and pTtftty
prava g*a«ral condition*.—CHTaland
Cltttatt. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C„ SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
PAGE THREE
■*' -S*   I
>'   - ' -V ut
THE TREASON OF
THE CAPITALIST CLASS
By Allan L. Benson
Nobody has a good word to say of
Judas Iscariot Nobody says Judas
Iscariot was the best friend Jesus
Christ ever had. Nobody says the
interests of Judas Iscariot and Jesus
, Christ were identical. Nobody says
these things because Judas Iscariot
. has been a long time dead. When a
traitors has been long enough dead,
his treachery is everywhere acknowledged.
But the capitalist class of the
United States is not dead—therefore
„it has 'both defenders and servants.
The capitalist class of the United
States has both defenders and servants, though it is at this very moment
committing an act of treachery unparalleled in the history of that class in
this couutry.
It is committing an.unparalleled act
of-treachery because it is using all the
great forces at its disposal to strip
*" this country of its abundant food supply and stare the people.
The people of this country have
foolishly trusted the capitalist class.
The people of this country have fool-
'•• ishly trusted the capitalist «lass to
own and control the vast industrial
machinery to which we must look, for
the satisfaction of our needs. The
people of this country bave foolishly
entrusted the government of this
country to men who believe the capitalist class should own the earth and
what .is on it.
*   *   •
The working class of America
looks to the capitalist class for -the
means with which to sustain life.
The capitalist class of America
knows that with winter still months
away, the condition of the working
class is desperate. _
■ In the single city of New York, a
canvass made by charitable organizations shows that 45 per cent of the
working class is idle through inability
to obtain employment. That means
that 540,000 men in tbe city of Now
York are without work; and that
, means that more than 2,000,000 of
people in the city of New York are
facing winter without a cent in their
—■■—po£k©tSf-a^csust--of bread In—their-
pantries, or a prospect of work.
Every day, hundreds of families are
evicted from the hovels In which
they live because the cannot pay
their rent. Every day the strain upon
charitable organizations becomes
greater, though winter has not yet
began, than lt has been ln twenty-one
years. Night wanderers in the metropolis are greeted by the unparalleled sight of a bread line in August.
Little east aide grocers are falling because they -have given more credit
than they could afford to give ' to
penniless workingmen who cannot get
work. Little east side grocers who
are not failing have refused to give
mor© credit to workingmen. In New
York tbe situation of the working
class is about as bad as it could be Ir.
ev^ry way.
The altuation of the working class,
In every eity, Is bad and growing
worse.
Yet, ln this hour of aupremo emergency, the capitalist class of America, through no IH-wtll toward tha
working claaa—for one and only ona
reason—la betraying the working
class ln manner unparalleled, For
nothing else than gold, tha capitalist
class of America la betraying the
working class of America Into the
laws of hunger. For nothing elte
than gold, the capitalist elass of
America ia oonalgnlng the working
claites of European nations to the
horrors of prolonged war by furnishing tba food without which the war
could not be prolonged,
•   »   •
This la at severe an indictment as
! know haw to frame against human
btlngt.   It Is so true an indictment
that nobody questions ihe facts. Some
men call the facts •*bus{uess," but
nobody questions the facts themselves. Everybody knows tbat food
that we need is being shipped out of
the country for private profit. Everybody knows that the condition of
the 'working class In the great cities
is already1 desperate. Everybody
knows that If we.were to keep and
consume the food we have produced,
food would be abundant and cheap.
But "business" men say it is "business" to exchange our food tbat we
can eat for gold that we cannot eat.
And the "business" men are to hold
tho gold!
Let us use correct terms This is
net "business"—It is treason to the
working class of the United Staces.
It is not treason against the government of the United States—it is treason against the people of the United
States.
Under the constitution, unfortunately, there is no such crime as treason
against the people, as distinguished
from treason against the government.
But In the moral law, there is such
a crime, and the government of the
United States is guilty of it.
The government of the United
States is guilty of it because it is
bending its energies toward the appropriation of millions of public
funds to buy ships with which to help
strip the country of food.
Mr, Wilson may call this '^business." Mr. Wilson may call it chess,
dominoes or tlddle-de-wlnks. I call
it treason, against the people of the
United' States. iMr. Wilson was
.placed to his high office to conserve
the interests of the people of this
country. He is not doing It. He is
conserving the interests of the capitalist class of this country. The interests of tlie people of this country
cannot be conserved by exporting
from this country food that our people need. Mr. Wilson is obeying the
letter of the law under which he
serves while violating its spirit.
The letter of the law says he shall
not "give aid or comfort to the nation's enemies."
Under the letter of the law , the
■fiaUcn-ka^-ne-eaemiesi —
the future is becoming the present
and how different the immediate future is bound to be from the immediate past.
•Mr. Wilson was ruled by his instincts when he boldly went out in
advance of all international law and
declared that a neutral national like
the United States had no right to
lend money to agnation at war.
When the warring, European nations sought in the United States the
food without which they could not
long fight, Mr. Wilson not only interposed no objection, but urged that
$30,000,000 be appropriated out of the
national treasury to buy ships to take
our food to Europe.   ,
He apparently did not see that if lt
would be unneutral to lend money
to France, it would be precisely ab unneutral to sell food to Prance.
He apparently did not realize that
If France had borrowed money in
.America she would have left every
dollar of it in America in exchange
for American food.
He apparently did not realize that
if our food be exported to belligerents
our neutrality becomes but a sham,
since the nations that control the
seas can get our ; food, while the
other nations cannot.
.Mr. Wilson can buy grain ships,
but he cannot put' an ounce of grain
into Austria until he first sinks the
French and English ships, that are
patrolling the Mediterranean.
Jlr. Wilson, apparently, realized
that the United States had a legal
right to sell certain foodstuffs to
belligerents—and that American capitalists owed Europeans $130,000,000
which they must pay in commodities
or in gold.
*   *   *
American capitalists wanted no
more gold exported, because they believed their welfare demanded the
keeping of our gold supply.
American capitalists wanted foodstuffs exported because there was
profit in such exportation.
And *Mr. Wilson, perceiving that
both the facts and the precedents justified the capitalist contention, yielded to it—and forget the people.
yours, and if you prefer to sell it to
a king with a.billion dollars for $1.50
a bushel rather than to a working-
man's wife for $1, you have the legal
right to do so.
■But, iu another sense, your wheat
is not entirely yours and you have no
moral right to take your full legal
rights.
We are all living here together—we
citizens and residents of America—
and we are mutually dependent upon
each other. Each has his appointed
task.
AVe should have no civilization if oa
the whole each of us did not perform
his task. No one hasva right to be
unproductive.
No one has a right to get more than
his fair share of whatever prosperity
there may be.
Certainly no one has a right to
starve others for his own benefit, or
to defend conditions that bring about
such  monstrous injustice.
If grafters are to strip the country
of food and ship lt abroad, by all
means get all you can for what you
have to sell, because the wrong will
be done whether you will or not—
but in the name of all that you may
consider your welfare, do not stand In
the way of any department of Uie
may try to prevent such an -outrage.
a    a i a
Great hunger for the 'working
classes in the great cities will inevitably mean great disorder and- perhaps actual revolution in this country.
Don't mention this statement by
the judgment of ordinary years—this
is not an ordinary year.
It is both our misfortune and our
privilege to live at a time w*bgn the
earth is being convulsed by one of
the colossal upheavals that destroy
the old and make way for the new.
Whoever believes this great Ayorld
war will leave the world as,it found
it knows little of war or of the .world,
Men make wars, but the gods end
them and write the peace treaties.
. It is for us to propitiate the gods of
justice by deserving justice.
Else we shall be swept into the
whirlpool of revolution that will engulf all Europe within twenty years.
War, like fire, can be easily started,
but not so easily put out.
Two or three greedy crowned
heads started this war, but millions
of empty stomachs will carry the
series of wars, of which this is the
first, far and away beyond the dreams
of the monarchs who unloosed the
guns this summer.
When Europe has finished fighting
for its kings it will begin fighting for
itself.
Europe will be disillusioned, starved, and maddened. The whole world
will feel the convlusion as hundreds
of millions of desperate men smit the
earth with their ire and wrest from
fate the justice that they could not
get from their capitalist masters.
Tliis will not all come about in a j
day, but it will come about before
prolonged peace ever again conies to
tliis earth. The war is on and each
lull will be but a truce between battles.
*   *   *
Gentle farmers, and good $olks all-
let us keep out of this welter of
blood.
If the lamp of civilization should go
out in Europe, let us keep its light
shining here.
Let us make its light here even
brighter than it is.
But this lamp cannot be kept burning with fat fried from the bodies of
the working class.
Try it, long enough and they will see
this country on fire—as they should.
Any government that will not permit its working class t£j live should
be destroyed.
We shall best serve ourselves,
when a year or so hence, revolution
gets in the air the world over, not
to give the American working class
any reason to appeal to the cannon
and the swordi—Appeal to Reason.
phere—in the case of Bear and others
—in reference to a kindred law:
" 'The difficulty of dealing with the
matter is not lessened by the fact
that the question involved comes for
consideration surrounded by all the
prejudices with which centuries of
ignorance and thoughtlessness have
invested it. . . . The teachers who
first publicly proclaimed the brotherhood of man, his equality in the next
world, his right to worship as he
chose, were persecuted as the enemies
of society. . .' . A certain number of prosecutions under the law, a
certain number of victims to the ig-
porance or superstition of those who
frame it, a certain number of refusals
to convict under a growing sense of
its unwisdom, injustice and barbarity,
seem to be in all societies the stages
passed through by laws established
for the purpose of coercing the opin-
| Ions of mankind before they become,
j obFolete,   if   judge-made laws    or if
But within the spirit of the law the
nation has many enemies.
Within the spirit of tbe facts, the) President against the exportation of
—wram-1 ~nfgo"TBV*ery~i,eader of--Hie
Appeal, whether man or woman, to
fbrward at once  his  protest  to the
people have    still    more—many    of
whom are right here in Amercia.
Every warring emperor and king
who. with his war chest at his back,
is- ln American food markets bidding
against American workingmen's wives
for food—every such man is au enemy
of the American people.
Every such man Ib doing to us
with .his hundreds of millions of gold
what he could not do to us with his
battleships or hit soldiers—he Is taking the food out of our country and
leaving our people to suffer.
Every American "business man"
who, for private profit, exports food
that we need aids and abets the crime
of moral treason—aids and abets tho
selfish forces that are slaughtering
Europe and trying to starve America.
♦   *   *
No mon in hia sense* would accuse
Mr, WlUon of consciously and maliciously betraying the people of the
United States, for the benefit of anybody or any claaa, I have said again
and again tn my published writing
that"! believe lir. Wilson to be devoted to the public welfare as no president since Lincoln hat heen. But
Mr. Wilson, at a president of the
people, labors uuder a staggering
handicap. He represents a political
economy tbat harts back to tht day
of Jefferson, tallow candles and
stage coaches.
Mr. Wilson doaa not realise how
rapidly tha present is becoming tha
past and how dead tha past is. Mr.
Wilton doaa not realise how rapidly
amseseesssssasssssesaassKB
Jailed For Savings Lives of
Defenseless Innocents
Editor of Maoriland Worker Thrills
New Zealand Court With Impassioned Speech Before Being Sentenced to Spend One Year in Jaii
—Pop—pleading-for—Uves"wf™¥*/omen-
and Children of Wharf Strikers.
/ ///// I ■ ,
ii
i
I
V
The Point of Contact
The merchant who It alive to Us opportunities
will Map in constant touch witn mt Ottoman,
and with others whom ha hopat will btcoma his
cuttomera. He will keep them Informed of the
arrivals of ntw goods, tht prevailing tastes or
tashlons, tha Utaatlmprovamanu In things to aat
or to wear, or to make houeework eatitr.
And tht point of contact Is advertising. Toad-
Ytrtist Intelligently, is lit evidence of profreaa-
iveness. It h mh to conclude tivat you will re
ceive the beet service ami bett value from tht
merchant who aeekt your patronage be modem
methods.
food at this time.
If the President has forgotten you,
let him know that you have not forgotten him.
Let him know that you read, with
profound disapproval, tbat more than
9,000,000 bushels of wheat were
shipped out of the United States during the week ended August 27, and
that more than ' 55,000,000 bushels
were exported during the first twenty-
seven days of the month.
Let the President know that you
are indignant tha^t exportations of
sugar during the month reached the
colossal amount of 71,009,577 pounds,
when the ordinary monthly exportation amounts only to 2,000,000 pounds.
*   •   *
And, while he are on the subject,
hero Is something for farmers to think
about. This sort of a famine for the
rest of the country means a feaBt for
tbo farmers. Tbey will not get very
fat, but they will fatten up a little.
They are already gotting more than a
dollars a bushel for- tbelr wheat, and
they may get $1.80.
In other words, In   tbls   unlawful
game of loot, the chief   lootera   are
passing « little along to the farmers,
tailoring that tbe little   will keep j
thom quiet while working men In the j
cities are starring,
The New York agent ot the Pllsbury
Flour flompany hinted at, something et
the sort at a hearing concerning
prices. The Pllsbury agent was
quoted In the newspapers as saying
that while an embargo would put
prices down In this country, "the
admlniatratlon, If It should enact such
a law, would be turned out of office
hy the protesting farmers."
This to tht ftrmtrt: "Like everybody else, you have to look out for
yourselves, finder the capitalist system, you bave never hsd much prosperity, nor under this system •will you
orer hare much, The agricultural
tool trusts, the railroads, the banks
and the other Institutions for fleecing you will always keep you properly
poor.
If you can get 11.50 a bushel for
your wheat, yew bad batter take It,
unless von think rm run net tt V«w I
have not much to tar about the price
oi wheal, ao yea eannot be much
blamed.
Jhrt If yoa want to look oat for
yourttlm, la tht truest sense, you
will met defead th* «widHI«nt thnt
make year emps abnormally high In
price.
Ton will welcome any law tbat will
prohibit European rulers trom bidding fer yoar crops In competition
with fhe wives ef American wag*
worker*. Yoa wlH not stick for ron-
dftteaa that auk*, perhaps, tlM
wheat for yoa while making b«iig*»r,
of tke dlre-rt sort for millions of work-
era la the neat cttli*.
Of coarse, yea still have a 1***1
right to nabt for the condition, that
will give yea the moat for what yon
ifca** to •**»!, tmaparttv*   of   wbst
if the order were given they were to
'shoot to kill.' I made c!«ir reference
to the fact that they ou-^ht not to
kill iho men, women and cliildre-i nf
tee 'working class.   Why was that r??-. aiiMyaM
I statutes are repealed as inconsistent
; with advancing knowledge.'
J "Might I add to that great utterance
I that 'ideas or right and wroiiR ire
J uot absolute but relative: not fixed,
'but fluid, changing with the changes.
iin our modes of producing and dis-
I tributliig life's essentials—food, clothing and shelter."
"I may be wrong. But why were
charges of sedition leveled against
others aud then withdrawn? Was'the
pursuit of myself because 1 occupied
an editorial chair as well as figured
on a platform? Was it because ■ of
my authorship of the 'Story of
Waihi"?
"I, urge that this court should not
sentence me for the utterance of a
few words; because, in such a ca.-e
this court will turn all the working
class eyes of Xew Zealand toward
Ulster, and will set all the working
class minds of the world thinking that
there are two laws within the British
Empire—one for the rich agitator and
one for the poor.
"Sir Edward Carson and^iis drilling
regiments; Lord Roberts urging the
British Workers to arm to save themselves frpm an imminent German invasion, and figuring at the same time
as president of the Ulster Covenanters
—an avowedly seditious organization;
the British officers tendering their
resignations and declaring that when
they accepted their commissions thev
never anticipated having to turn their
weapons against their fellow subjects
—and the Jmperial government—the
supreme head of tlie Empire—acquiescing In or Iterating every incident—all seems to me to furnish nn-
MY DYSPEPTIC
UH GET WELL
By Taking HFruIt-a-tives"
Says Gapt, Swan
Life is very miserable to those who
suffer with Indigestion, Dyspepsia,
Sour Stomach and Biliousness. This
letter from Captain Swan (one of tbe
best known skippers on the Great
Lakes) tells bow to get quick relief
from Stomach Trouble.
Port Burwei.1,, Ont., May 8th, 1913.
"A man has a poor chance of living
and enjoying life when be cannot eat.
That was what was wrong with me.
Los9 of appetite and indigestion was
brought on by Constipation. I bave
had trouble with these diseases for
years. I lost a great (leal of. flesh
and suffered constantly. For the last
couple of years, I have taken "Hruil-
a-tives" and have been so pleased with
tbe results tliat I have recommended
them on many occasions to friends and
acquaintances. I am sure that "Fruit-
a-tives" have helped mc greatly. By
following the diet rules and taking
"I;niii-a-tives"according to directions,
any person with Dyspepsia will get
benefit';. H. SWAN
"l:'ruit-a-tives"are sokl by all dealers
at 50c. a box 6 for $2.50, or trial size
35c. or sent postpaid on receipt of price
by Fniit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
The Hussiah' Cz&rj made himself a
monopolist of* the liquor business and
then for the sake of profits so debauched the Russian people that he
now fears his army is unable to protect him in his loot. The masters
have overreached themselves-.
.Members of the Life Underwriters
Association of Canada are attending
tlie congress at Halifax, where a high
old time will be indulged in- Insurance fiends draw down millions
from the people, build immense office structures, dress In the best, live
on the best and have a whale of a
time generally, while the poor worker
has to dig by day and night to pay
his premiums, and often is compelled
to throw-ihe whole job over, losing
the good money he has already paid
to the bounders, wife 'chuckle with
glee .as they take the easy stuff,—
Appeal to Reason.
Twelve months' imprisonment for
trying to save the lives of men. women and children. One year in prison
for begging soldiers not to shoot up-
defenseless human beings wbo had
gone on strike. This was J-he sentence
Imposed upon Harry E. Holland, editor of the Maoriland Worker by the
Appeal Court of Xew, Zealand on
April 2G. '
The militant editor was charged
with "sedition," In that he had pleaded
with soldiers and sailors of an Imperial warship, the Psyche, not to fire
upon men, women and children during
tho recent strike on the waterfronts of
Xew Zealand.
Beforo being sentenced, Holland
addressed the court.
"Thou shalt not kill," was hts
pica. Clearly, vigorously, he pointed
out that he had done a greater service ln urging tho sailors not to shoot
than if he had adopted any other attitude.
"My whole being revolted at the
Idea of one set of workers shooting
down another set of workers with
whom thoy, bad no quarrel—and doing
It In the Interests of a handful of
wicked exploiters by whom the whole
unfortunate trouble was made," he
declared.
Ills speech thrilled the court. It
wat the voice of enlightenment In the
halls of dusty law books and ancient
codes of morality and life. It waa
the clarion of the newer and noble
philosophy, the philosophy ot life Instead ot property. And, therefore, he
waa condemned,
"One of the strongest reasons why
there should be no sentence," began
Holland, "la that the very Bible on
which those eitraordlnary newspaper
reporters and detectives were sworn,
tays, 'Thon ahalt not kill.' It really
jlots not say: Thou shalt not kill-
unless the government orders yon to
do otherwise,* The Illblo command U
aa titer at ik Russell Lowell, when
l& his immortal 'fllgkow Papers, eh
•sys:
" 'If you uke a sword snd dror it,
And go ran a feller thru,
Ouvment ain't no answer for It—
nodi! send th* bf!! to yon!*
I want to further urge as a reason
■fea-BOWv-wlii y -your-~iren*gr
erence to the men, women and ch''.d-   should  not pronounce sentence,
ren left out of the indictment? j    "For the rest,  I have said once be-
"It is urged against me that I com-, fore—I say again—through all the
mitted a crime wheu I made that ap- j ages of that blood-red tragedy that
peal to the Psyche's men.   They are  mc„ can history, the milestones tiv,r
now asking your honor to send me to
jail for that alleged crime. Their
position is that If the sailors are ordered to shoot down men, women and
children they must do so. It is, Indeed, a hard position to justify.
"To me the'* possibility of such a
tragedy was a fearful thing to contemplate. As a member of tbe working class, as a platform propagandist
and a publicist of the working class,
I feel the position'as keenly as any
man could feel It," continued Holland, his frame shaking with Indignation and suppressed emotion. "I
positively could not refrain from urging tbe sailors not to shoot the men—
and especially not to shoot the women and children."
Looking squarely at thc court, he
declared:
"I urgo that in doing so I performed 0 greater service than If I
had adopted any other attitude. My
whole being revolted at the idea of
one set of workers cold bloodedly
shooting down another set ot workers with whom they hsd no quarrel!—
and doing It In the Interests of a
handful of wicked exploiters by whom
the whole unfortunate trouble was
made.
"I love my, home life, my children,
my books, my studies: but If by ro-j
tractlnn nu   words to tb« tailors I
could walk out ot the court a free!
man I would not do so,
"If the law aays that It Is right for
soldiers or bluejackets to shoot down
men, women and children In an Industrial conflict, then the law Is immoral and wrong, and In the Interests
of law Itself, In the Interests of order,
In Iho Interests of morality, the court
should not impose a sentence upon mc
for sdrlilng that such a law should
not be obeyed.
"There la something so positively
horrlfylna and revolting in ihe thwat
to poor rifle volleys into a parked
crowd of men, woman and children
—something ao awfully tragical in the
posulblllUy of women and children be-
lag   shot   down   that a   taw   tbat
sanctioned It ought aot to remain a
n**f ttt*if.n-9 *■..«• »»•« »»«■»„■>•* ■»*».*■<.
have marked the highway of human
progression have been tbe Jails and
tbe gibbets of the ruling class.
"If It should be that I have not
convinced your honor, and that you
feel It your duty to proceed to sentence, then once again I repeat that 1
have no apology to utter, no plea for
mercy to make.
"I bow *to the inevitable, conclusions
of the righteousness and tho strength
of my own position; and
" 'Out of the night that covers m^,
Black as the pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever Gods there be
For my unconquerable soul.*
"I thank your honor."—N. V. Call,
Because the masers own tbe tools
with which the workers must toil,
they also own tho workers, Tho title
is just aa strong in flesh and blood
as it ever wae in the past.
The power of the masters appears
great, but It rests entlrly in the work
era themselves. Why do you support
tbat which ruins you and your family?
We Are Ready to Scratch
off you' bill any item of lumber not
found Just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you c'i»t spruce we do not
tend you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip In a
lot of culls. Thoso who buy once from
us always come again. Those wbo
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if tbey bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealere In —
Lumber,  Lath.  Shingles,  Sash  and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES-Mouldlnge,
Turnings. Bracksts, and Datall Work
OFFICE AND YARD-MePharton avt.
Oppesltt O. N. Oepot.   P.O. tax tt,
Phone S3.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electrir Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day                                                Fire Proof Sample
With Private Bath $3.00                                        Rooms in Connection
the WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
[ f^.^t,nm-f9*,-, tata    ^^ __________mm,
_____ _ tmm eoaifttoee*teej' *« »o eWwrt
The Dfttrftt Lttptr rtnchtt mere ronton tkte ony ether pteer In the Pass,   fn a legal   sense,  your   wheat
u
-«/    tttt   **y***1*-*   tmittltit
1.V..I tu; **('V|uij T-mj-ch i';u'Cfi'. ,V. J.'
reference to the sailors, rtstod oa a
pnrelr hywxheth'al hasK Ihe rrewat
cor tent'on It thtt f tdrised the
so!***** 10 dls«**y law'nl order*.
It tt ixeeedlagly donbtfel that It
would have been a lawfal order. It
f«rtala!y would have beea enatrary to
the poller t«d wishes of the Admir
ilty. Bat the aet reamias thai the
tailor* had mtdrtut tnatrnetbm* 'bit
*»<;»***«» I    H^ Uw nf ,„,<(„„,, rmt f<rf«   „,,,!\
tam
mSpmiM Su mm mmm o&n sjjwr
■itepwa-wiJ*^(ltJffit; *** ****** Dec*
WOOTOKOtTORlffiHrrOT
two wr fi. st «nw mm, tk tg mntmttHm
M wy. 'to* aoftat* Hit** ob , *t onhamaaX
■leaeieli's Drug Store, Fernie, •. C.
the present**1 of -flaim**: secondly, «n«
'he presumption t*at ihe people er.il
almost wholly ignoraat and easily led. j
Therefore, the luw of tedltlen operate* j
Tr   *>ti*i*tlt   tniti/ti"..   fit  triti-tt.-h      ^t"l*t.
a wholly eduoW : piopto tbere wool!
le no need to ,i»rr»w the ilmlu of
speech. With 1 i^ople efonomlolly
freed, there wo.ihJ u*- 30 danger Irom
revolt.
"Change, exer r^cur-ring ehante,
makes up tb* turn ul \bv world's pro-
I greet se mxttb in »r>d»T evotntlon ss
in ftrfsntf etolntloti, nrd my lew th«!
makes te block th* rhantts that are
lae-tlta-Me ertct* bsrrk-i'» on tb* mnt-
wny ef fcuman prrt*r*»*«ioa.
"It wnn * wognltlor of thl* fact i
that ltd 8!r Wllllsm Windcvcr-or* of S
Aastrtli&'i mm' eminent Jadges, toi
ear fn eft*> of tb* nr*9j.t*t indfwnf*?
ever d«-l.v*r.-J .t. iUc'*«Mith«ra html*-)
Excellent Cuisine - American and
Fiirnjwwn fH»«   - P1t*+r.p !JjjM
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THI
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COMMIRCIAL   HOU8I
VM*«ete - tvtry
Cstetfewt CwlsNie.
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PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. C, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F, H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
'CIVILIZED" WARFARE
The expression '"War is hell," although brief,
conveys a most vividly horrible picture to those who
listened to the old style pulpiteer of three decades
ago. If "hell' is the culmination of that which is
awful and war is its visualized parallel, then the
present scenes of carnage can be termed a multiplicity of ''hells." Granted that war equals hell,
i e., that it is the opus magnus of diabolism, why
cavil about some of the incidentals connected therewith ? The sacking of Loiivain. the damage done
to the cathedral at Rheims, cannot be condoned, but
in point of comparison they are insignificantly minor
matters to the wholesale slaughter of thousands of
the finest specimens of physical manhood,with the
consequent bereavement of many women to -whom
these victims of insatiate greed are related by the
closest of blood ties.
, What is the cathedral at Rheims when weighed
against the miseries inflicted upon hordes of little
tots  whose natural protectors have  been  imm<
lated on the altar of mammon ?
The Germans are complaining that the British
used dum-dum bullets; the Belgians present their
plaint to the United States government tliat the German soldiers committed atrocious deeds; the press
reports cite instances of the use of saw-toothed bayonets, and we are told to become righteously indignant. "War breeds such conditions, they are
products of tho blood-spilling mania engendered by
the military spirit. Instead of finding fault with
the branches of the upas tree of capitalism, let us
show that we should study how to hasten the complete eradication of the parent tree.
It is an outrage to perforate a man's um'bilicus
and sever his intestines With a sawtoothed bayonet, but it is strictly according to rule to throw
"sln^pneiTmongst a gronp^trf"Wen und'Tnrve-the'
flying pieces of metal scatter brains, burst his eardrums, destroy sight, chip off lower jaws, or by
poisonous fnmes annihilate every living creature
within a raduis of sixty yards, as was graphically
related by one of the British gunners when the
Main/,, a German warship, was sunk. It is indeed a
puzzle hy whnt mental process the w«e" of dum-dum
bullets is condemned as inhuman and the dropping
of bombs from JJeppelins be regarded with more or
less equinainity.
"It's against the rules of civilized warfare." says
the apologist. Such reasoning is on a par with that
of the German surgeon at a postmortem who very
learnedly remarked upon the examination of a body
that had had five bullet wounds inflicted upon it,
" Three of the wounds were not necessarily fatal,
but the other two were."
WHO SHALL IT BE,  WILSON  OR ROCKEFELLER?
During I hew turbulent times a writer finda mt>-
siderable difficulty in I'seaping from tliu influeucea
of the conflict in Europe. The mnvapaper ol today
is full of atfcounts, more or less garbled, of bat-
Ilea lost ami won; battles that Imve never been lost
and never been won, nnd never fought; thrilling
deeds done, and no forth. About ime-iwentieth of
the news is facts, the other nineteeiutwentletht is
fiction or reiteration. The public read aceounts
from London of victories, and they read a re-hashed
account from I'artH, Antwerp, Herlin, Washington,
etc, but it is nil new* In them, mi whntM Uii* wills.
American piiperx are possibly the most unbiased,
but they nau*e»te one with their continuous prating
about th«* neutrality <»f "the Ktatea." a neutrality
thit is tlie greatest farce ever foisted u|n>ii an Intel-
ligent public. A coiitHiirporary, publUhcd a few
utiles from the border, «*«im» out Hie other day with
m cartoon thnt om- might cull clever, were it n»*t «<•
monstrously absurd. The liib- of the cartoon wa*
"I'mlcr Two Flag*." Tw.» paiteU were given, the
1up one nhoVHng ji youth MirMUinb-.il by the pfaci-
fill aylvan beaut!*.* of village lift1 g»itig In school;
the lower jia»ci d<l»t»cwl thc youtii in Kiimpe idling
to war with shouldered riflr. Tin- iiifcreiMf' that
the artist would wish to be drawn ii that tlicrt* pn*.
vail* in "the State*" tmltty P"i  nnd plenty i%.)
while Kurope ix torn with war nnd sluitglilci*.   Pa-
Wi* from one t>nd of I he Hinten In tlw other tell
lars, and the loss of over thirty lives, and ydt it
would seem that it is likely* the cost will increase.
The President's good advice and suggestions have
been rejected by the operators, or to be correct,
tlie principal operators—the Colorado Fuel and
Ii'ou'a Company. Their conception of morals and
fairness it appears is greater than President Wilson's. Their interest in their employes becomes almost sublime in its pathetic generosity when they
state that "our paramount and immediate responsibility must be to the men still at work, men who
for nearly a year have labored under most trying
difficulties." With punctilious piety the continue:
"Fqr thirty years past this company has assured
every employe that its mines were 'open shops,'
where any good workman might obtain employment, irrespective of whether he was a union or
non-union man."
AVo do not wish to insult the average worker's
intelligence with explanations of what this venerable body of apologists call an "open shop," and
will merely state that the U. M. W. of A. has waiveki
its claim to recognition in the interests of a settlement. This should be sufficient answer, and would
bo, were it not that the real ruler of America (J. D.
Rockefeller) is at the back of the operators.
The citizens of America may delude themselves
that their President has avoided war with Europe,
but they cannot delude themselves that he is master
of the coal barons. He is not. J. D. Rockefeller
and his cohorts are the masters of the President,'•humiliating.as this may seem, it is the truth.
The International President and his colleagues,
when they accepted President Wilson's suggestions
siicrif iced practically every vestige of power "inthe interests of,peace and settlement. All they
wished for was an honorable peace. The operators
do not want peace, and, the President of the greatest
republic cannot make them accept his terms. Thus
neutral, peace-loving America is not at the mercy
of militarism— No, Siree! But she is hide-bound
to tihe interests of the gigantic, monopolies that she
has permitted to thrive in her midst. To paint the
States as a land of peace and plenty is the veriest
bunk. There is no more peace for the worker in
America today than there is in the trenches of the
Allies fighting in Prance. In Colorado they have
killed women and children for less cause than the
Germans in Belgium (if the latter have been guilty
of all that has been said of them). In Colorado it
has been a question of dollars and cents, while the
(ierm-ans claim that the exigencies of warfare
called for harsh methods. Let the reader discover
the finely drawn line, we have failed to, ourselves.
THE HILLOREST RELIEF  FUND
Very shortly the people of this town will be
-enllod-Aipou-to-eupport-tt-'fund-that-is-beiiTg-inaugU''
rated for the benefit of the dependants of those
fighting at the front, and let it be distinctly understood, we hope they will give to that fund every
cent they can spare, for the object is to relieve
those who are in no way responsible for the war,
but are suffering as the result of same. Having in
view this fact, we cannot forget that the people of
this district recently contributed most liberally to
a fund raised to relieve the .widows and orphans
of those killed in the Hillcrest disaster. When this
money was donated, it was thought that these dependants would be given immediate relief. A
letter from the District Officers (printed on front
page) will show that the relief so far granted from
the fund has been $25 to every dependant resident
in Alberta. This sum has been granted by the commission in charge of the fund. The District has
also granted each dependant, living outside the
Province, who can he reached, $25 from monies they
have'collected (all of which has been acknowledged through the columns of the District Ledger).
Thc officers of the executive board refused to reeog.
lib* any provincial boundary and realize that many
of the dependants have been compelled to remove
to other provinces and seek assistance from friends
iuul relative*. Further, there were a number of
dependants in foreign countries or on holiday trip*
when the explosion occurred, and if flic commission
persist in their attitude towards these unfortunates, they will be denied nil support or cmnpen-
sat ion from thia source.
This in a state of affairs that should receive im-
medlittp attention nnd one that we hope will not
lw repeated in the pstriotie fund. We refrain from
further iiiiiiuiciit. trusting that Premier Sifton will
•>n persuaded to use his good office and ace that the
wiilowa ami orpliHiis of Hillcrest twelve the mnuuw
niven for their relief.
♦       BEAVER MINES NOTES      ♦
♦' ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦mfr♦♦♦♦
(Continued trom Face Five)
Tom Lowery was appointed escre-
tary-treasurer for the church at
Beaver in the place of N. iMorrison.
Tom Lowery was appointed secretary-treasurer for thevillage school district, -Beaver Mines, in place of N.
•Morrison, while Dave Muir takes the
place of W. O. Sherwood as one of
tbe school trustees. Thursday, Octo:
ber 8th, is the time fixed hy the board
of trustees to sit as a court of revision at tbe school at Beaver .Mines, to
consider -statements from property
owners who believe they have Ibeen
wrongly assessed.
(As the school district ha9 only
been formed recently and the village
school at Beaver Mines opened ln
the early part of August, this will be
the first tax levied for the support of
the new school. Previous to this,
property in and around Beaver 'Mines
was assessed for school purposes -by
the trustees of the "Coalfields school
district, of which It* formed a part,
and lots In Beaver township were valued, for assessment purposes at their
market value, or the price for which'
they could be purchased, hence lots
which cost $100 were assessed at 30
cents >per lot, equal to a rate of 3,,-mllls.
Under the new board lota which are
in the market at $100 are assessed at
$300, which at a rate of 10 mills equals
$3 assessment per lot Now, so far
as we are aware, all are agreed that
the new school is a great boon to the
district, and no one objects to pay
ing their fair share of the taxes towards its support, but owners of lots
consider they are assessed upon a
false valuation, especially as the value
of other property has not been5 increased, whilst stores and other business premises are allowed to go scot
free, so far as assessment is concerns
ed.
Louis Angelo, who had his finger
crushed in the mine a fortnight ago,
returned from Pincher Creek hospital
last week end. Dr. Connor found It
necessary to amputate part of the
finger. *■-..-
Frank B. Palmer met with an accident by falling upon a rail in the
mine, thereby crushing his arm. At
first he treated the matter lightly, liut
septic poisoning set in and he was
forced to visit Pincher Creek hospital.
We are pleased to report that his
arm is improving as fast as could be
expected. ___
HILLOREST RELIEF FUND
Amount previously rewired	
('.irlMiridub* l^wal I'oion	
Coleman Utrn\ 1'nion	
|ir,tmut Miin -. Tnioii ,.,., ,
.   m.w
.    2*1.110
.    272.40
FERNIE ITENS
There has been considerable criticism lately with reference to the payment of theEast Kootenay contingent,
and the recruiting officer (Col. Jos.
Mackay) has come in for no small portion of same. We are in a position,
however, to state most positively that
the Colonel is in no *way to blame for
the men not receiving their pay, and
further that he, personally has paid
out of his own pocket a considerable
sum in the shape of hotel expenses incurred by the men while concentrating
in Fernie. When the men left Pernie
Col. Mackay had a proper pay sheet,
with al) deducatlou ior board, made
ont, and Capt. Deed (in command
of the contingent), the paymaster at
Valcartier, and the authorities at Ottawa and Victoria were supplied with
duplicate copies. So far, as was
stated by >Mr. George O'Brien, at the
meeting last Friday ln the council
chamber, the authorities and Captain
Deed have taken no heed of the Colonel's repeated inquiries and applications for deductions, amd as a result he
has been compelled to -meet these accounts out of his own pocket. While
there is no doubt that the Canadian authorities will come through with the
money, considerable dissatisfaction has
been expressed in some quarters, and
some indiscreet persons have gone so
far as to state that Col. (Mackay -is responsible for the delay. For the benefit of those making such statements,
we must assert -that this is positively
untrue, and so far as was humanly possible the Colonel has done everything
in his power to collect. The Captain in
charge of the troops .when they left
here should haive handed In Immediately to the authorities at Valcartier
'the copy, of the pay sheet with which
he was provided and have seen that all
accounts were paid to Colonel .Mackay.
I hardly know anything iiuiiv Mt range than thai
ymi r.'engiiizt' honesty in play, and you do not iu
work,   Iii your Ugliest' gain-en. you Unvtt always*nmhi*
tni«> tn ere what von cell f»ir-i.l«v    In box me von hwns ttmnd there to th# bsrrsek*
•»f tbi'tn.-tful manner in wliii-li IVwiid-Mit Wilaon bn*\ must hit fair; in nicin.fr ntnrt tn\r   Yonr watchword *   Cn-mi-ni-wMi-mM    tin***    bt**
Born—To IMr. and Mrs. Alex White,
a fine baby boy. "Mother and baby do
ing well.
The number of attractions offered
to the sports of Beaver are very Iim
ited so far, and might he said to con'
slst of Occasional visits to the saloon
or pool room by member of the mas
cullne gender, while the .picture show
and dance on Saturday evening and
ehureh on Sundays art the only forms
ot amusement which offer inducements
to the gentler sex. But the ladies,
bless 'em, put their beads together
last week and in future a whist drive
and entertainment will be held in the
Lyric 'Hall fortnightly, on Wednesday
evenings, commencing at 8 o'clock
prompt Suitable prizes will be given
and refreshments served-at the conclusion of the whist drive. The
ladies hsve agreed to provide the
dainty morsels for the Inner man, aad
In our opinion, some very enjoyable
evenings will be -spent. The admission
will be: Oents, SOe; ladies, free. The
first entertainment will be held on
Wednesday; the 23d inst., and the
next on October 7th. All are welcome.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ (.ITHIRI0OE  NOTES        ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The mines are still on short time,
only ranlag three dsys last week, hut
the prospects   for   this   week   look
brighter, ss th#y hav* worked two
days this week and working tomorrow (Wedntsdayt.
Dominie Comassattl. eager In No. 3
mine, met with a serious Injury to
his bead, by beta* caught In the
guard, tearing away two fingers, snd
he mar possibly lose another.
Thursday of laat week the city po*
Jive went around the village of Stat-
fordvtiie and commandeered all the
weaiwim found In Jioumi of d-Wfurnit
nationalities. Some of (hem were well
supplied, la a faw of (he housas
tkey men la paesssston of a revolver,
j thotipin sad r|Oa, stso a food quantity
or ammunition. The mounted police
n« ih# Mme tlm* went around Hard!*
ville, so. a, and It was found necessary
to bavt a wngQU to< c-mvey tb* wsa-
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
POR RBNiT—iTwo furnished rooms.
Apply Box 324, or 114 McPherson
avenue. 246
A gale of wind struck Fernie on
Friday evening, tearing off about
twenty feet of cornice from the Crow's
Nest Trading Company's store Police
Sergeant Hughes was passing at the
time and narrowly escaped being
struck 'by, the falling imass.
.Notwithstanding the bad weather,
many volunteers turned out to sign
their names for the. new regiment,
and Captains Moffatt and Stalker had
a husy evening. The committees appointed to arrange for the patriotic
fund also met in the council chamber
and made definite plans for augmenting what is already in hand.
Fifty Hindus have volunteered for
active service and have requested) the
recruiting officer to forward_thg|r_ani
plications to the Minister of Militia
iP. B. .Moore, until recently employed as C. P. R. operator at Caith
ness, near Elko, was arrested Sunday
for the theft of seven blank Dominion
Express monoy orders from the C. P.
R. station at Waldo, where he was
given suiter toy a hrother operator,
He came to Fernie, made out one of
the orders for $S0, cashing the same
at P. -Burns & Co.'s store and departed shortly after by a westbound
train. The theft being discovered,
immediate steps were taken, resulting
In the apprehension ot Moore at Gateway, near the boundary line, and the
unused six blanks found upon htm,
This man baa borne an excellent character up to the present time
O. Welrfby, who has been Acting
Chief Provincial Constable here for
the passed six months, has been appointed Chief ot Provincial Police for
the district of Southeast Kootenay.,
with headquarters, at Fernie, vice
Chief Mlnty. who was transferred to
the Haselton district.
The work of organuing the Bast
Kootenay Infantry Regiment is proceeding rapidly. A very enthusiastic
meeting was held at Cranbrook on
Sunday, at which Lt. Col. Mackay and
Capt Moftett or thia eity attended.
At the meeting Judge Thompson and
many prominent Cranbrook ctUtens
addresaed a large gathering and arrangements were made for (he (onn*
lag of two companies at that place.
U. V, Tisdaie and U. David were appointed captains ot ths respective
companies, Tbe meeting closed with
a song by Capt. Davis, "It's a Long
Way to Tlpperary," all Joining In the
chorus, followed by the national anthem. .Ilia cltlsens of Cranbrook are
to be congratulated for the snthue-
lastie manner with which they have
entered Into this work and their
contributions to the new regiment,
which will be known ss tbe IMth
Rsgimsnt, have been large and numerous, among than being the offer of a
site for aa armory. In * vtry central
locality, gretl*, by Mr. HydtHBaker.
over
bkiuWod thc affairs of Mexico siml how he m-nidM
hlrxMlshwt r. hnw «*»rii|»i»l«ti'*t he h aHmit American*
obscrvinjf neutrality atnl tin- wimloin which h<* ha*
«lw|>l«v*<l in *j>i'«'v-i»iitintf lh*- I'lt'lt*! Mui.»* from W.
(•utiiinir ••iiilir<iilcil in the |irc«cirt conflict. l**t »<»
•»»-)• iHiMiti*th'r*tltiitl us; w»- Ih-licvM I'rcsiilciit WimkI-
mw Wil*«n in •tinwrc in hit* *le*irc to av»M war.
nml that In- will ,l.> hi* nt mont to prevent tli« KtnU'%
Iwfoiiilriii ini*«l up in the Kurop-ean tlebaelc.
The ijiicsjhui thai  nr* In *lic oln*cr*M-r *<*' ••<»n-
♦litifoi-* Hcrttss tlw line i** • Whv. if TVenMcrrt Wit-
.nil has hi'i'ii vi sii-r^fiil ai imx'iuHl mu J hi- -affair*
of hi** country ami avoiding strife with Eum?>c
• atmrtt the imtti«friM\ «lUpute* of hi* country he
liaii.llc.1 with like mice*? The tl'ufpule in the V**\.
ftrmto (.ml fiHil* lm* cmtJhK Htate and the Kc«l»n«l
tfovrrmN*) nl* tUoiiMiii«I.^^^Ll>  Million*,   "f <I»l-
is fair-play, your hatred, foul-play.    Wd it ever j twimty man bmy ducting trenches for
strike Vf»n that ymi wanted another watchword I'** ■•••' m •te*h Aeenna ttetth.
There are Bona hat   Kagllsh-flpeak<
Ing men on tha Job, and married men
also, fair-work, and another hatred tlao, foul-work?
Voiu- |trii.'-fi«hl.T Jih** «>►,*,.- b«»nw in him vH ; ■
and m have the men in Ihe ring around hi in: they Unt»  nt*   to  have  th* * preference
will judge him tn W the match by font hitting, j of the  work,   The ayetam la prac-
lint your prixc merchant iraina hia mat eh hy foiil»l,e*',y i*1*** *<**• ** *M*h ville  a
*ellin«r. and nu one «-ri*a mil ngainat that.  You ilriw j "■•b**' w disj»«lsfi#d .lihejigh tha
.,       .   ... ... -a  i    i   i.      «en who aawUly follow thiselasa ol
a Ifamhlcr out of the gamhlmg room who l.m.U die ! wor)t -r# Mif mtienm aa It pirno
'..ul y<u l«'H\e a irtiiliMiiiiui j« (hnirinhiiig tm*'i!<•*%.ujwmij « t-knmm to aulu. a fair wag*.
who loads ncales,'   Vt,r tdmetrn. all dWhon.-.? .!.««*•!. I On imklnt tnmilrt id arm* td ihw
iajr ix loaii-ijjjr «r«)c*. Whnti\oi'nitiUHih'rt\)i"ih,'r\ni,'n ,hr* mi* »*«' 1*** «** *»«81Jr
I get thort weight, iidiillcrated aid*st»nce. ,*r AhJw,k* Sf,4 ■*■*• tm *°*'* mA not
honest fabric t Thc fault In fahric ia Incompumhh• j ^^J^:^n «* mti,tm
llu. w«r*l .»f tlie two. dht* me A«rt wmeew*. of ^ % m^m ^ ^ m,%
fowl, and t only lime lir wilt hilt give me ndiilu-r-j nrtflMr,r f„ m n rMt u ftl,f 8f!5t(,r|
aletl fowl, ainl I die hy ,v<>n.- - John Busliin. j vir». U. Slaew.
After hsvtng b«en «nrces»fal In the
lower house, the Georgia Statu Bw
ste has sgnln defeated n bill to .'inhibit child labor In that State.    A
Mifti  *t*»tt*i9m*  V* *.9ti.ut-ru «(« fu,|>w<y-
1-3  Jii   Iiii-  CewiOii   i i..!U* luvUAin
little itlsies, s4unM nnd deprived of
•daealkm nad other rights of eblld-
hoot. This cheap labor gives the employers an advantag* over factories
Mt wk***>K* t* tttL.it t*.Mtii*t>iBu *«• mii, mm-
ployed, aad tbey are active lobbytstu
against measures i#ndlag to deprive
thsss ef their privllegea
TM neaaare showed a little more
strength this tlm* than formerly, when
Stfch 1*«1tdatlon wn* attempted Ttm
mill ewaen rallied la force and aaed
ih*fr i*tin*Pf> *o tf/tftitf an u-tverae
vo*« la the St-utt**. utter the measure
had passed thc ilea**. The op*r»Ua*n
ara now bw owing natentM*^ bow-
meet, aad will option* the smptayawnt
©f rMMrm, m x%*,t jj %tft be !a-
i*r*-jat*nlT if'fffen'f for *h*"?cry nn-rcr9
te emtlaa* th# praetlea.—Kis,
Sunday; School Teacher—''What do
you understand by suffering . for
righteousness' sake?" A
Little Girl—"Please, mlss/it 'means
having;to come to Sunday school."—
Tit--Bits.
N6TICE
Bank of Montreal
HOSMER,   -   B.C.
The Bank of Montreal, Hosmer. announce
that they will be closing their branch at that
point on October 1 st, 1914.
Deposits not previously withdrawn will be
transferred to Bank of Montreal, Nelson, B. C.
August 24th.        N. F. Kendall, Mgr.
Fire Sale!
Goes merrily on and will be continued until goods are all sold.
Take advantage of the big reductions.
A   SPLENDID   DISPLAY
FOR   PAY-DAY
Note: The sale and discounts apply only
to goods in stock at time ofjire and not to
new goods bought since
A. W. BLEASDELL'S
DRUG STORE FERNIE
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security aa wtU.
With a policy In our oM Una
company, you can go off on your
vacation or vleit tbe ends ot tha
earth and you know you're secure.  The beet In
FIRS INSURANCE
la alwaya cheapen), aod especially so -when it doesn't coat
hither. Dont delay aliout that
renewal or about that antra Insurance you want but eome right
In at once and hare it attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
•OLE AOINT FOR FIRNIf
n FBRHIK, M,
A RIAL tATIIFYINQ IMOKI
Is contained In every ona of our
clltara. Satisfying In flavor, la
aroma. In free burning qualities.
In length. Onr cigars are nade
with tha bait et long Havana
filler tobacco, aad It yon dtd not
know their price yon would
Judge then to be much mere
costly than tbey are. fry a few
today,
W.A. Ingram, Fernie
OUR COFFIi It OOOD
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's Leading Picture Theatre
mm^mmmmmmmmmmwtmmmmmmmwmmmmmtmmmmmmmwmmmmwmmmm
Every Vrlday
LUCILLE LOVE,
Tli* Girl ei Mjr*tery
In this adapter wa have tha aniens alt-nation of Laellle being res-
coed by kar partner.  There la alao a terrlfWi battle oa board af a
amnggMr. between Macule a prelector* ant .saentie*.  A very aaetuac
Saturday Matinee and Evening
S-ititiiii,  T-i.itU*,!. At*-***!  C i, to*. » >'.i 4,1 »*.'*i, MtdtMb
dCWLw*  ZsXJHlC  Xiv1   MMMMt  CKA-XM
Three parts. A drama ef crime and psychology of a fanwna
•rlentlst, who ts a confirmed kleptomaniac. The sltnstlona are atrlli-
laajy orig*n*l an« griMNb and It is eraaeiead Ml of action.
tPtCIAI. ^tOMttOAV AND  THURtOAV, tKFT. », and OCT. I
PROTEA Io. 2, Or Ttt Infuml JUhnMi
Fear reela. A grsat many of tm petfoae aaw Protea Xe. I, aad
we caa sasare them Uwt tils one Is area morn. tbrilHag.
IF ITS At THt Wit IT MUt T ■! OOOD
Wetan fee Tno ALU RIO WttXLV. devatad etatas-t—ly ta tw
a^k ^flu^^^^ugig ^_^m t_f_\_m*_t_^__^_^_tA
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G.A. CLAIR ;.: froptpetor
v
t
y
I
;. THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FEENIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
PAGE FIVE
:f\
News  of Tlie  District Camps
tl
♦        COAL CREEK NOTES        ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The state of trade in our sister camp
Michel, is causing some of its residents to migrate to other places.
Among the arrivals here from that
camp we were pleased to welcome Bill
Branch and Dan Fowler, old timers,
who. arrived here on Saturday.
'Another old timer to this camp ls
Ike Hale,, who came here from the
•coast.
fThe Rugby football benefit match,
which had to ba postponed owing
to bad weather, is billed to take
place on. Thursday, September 24th.
The quarterly general meeting of
the Coal Creek Literary and Athletic
association was held on .Monday evening. Two new board1 members
were elected, W. S. Greenhill and
Thomae Prance.
Satuiv y last was pay-day up here.
The train carried the usual crowd to
Fernie in the evening.
The Italian fraternity of this camp
celebrated Garibaldi Day in their usual
way.
The stork waa seen in Coyote street
oh .Tuesday evening, eventually depositing ite burden at the home of
Mr. and Mrs. Robinson Welsh.
Mother and baby doing well.
•Mr. and iMrs. John Evans, returned
to camp after their vacation, spent
on the coast. They report having had
a good time.
Owing to something unforseen happening to the apparatus, the lantern
lecture advertised to take place at the
Presbyterian church on Monday evening, had to be abandoned.
•Mrs. Townsend is home again' from
hospital, where she has been undergoing treatment. She reports feeling
much better.
•Will local Moose please note that
commencing Monday, September 28th,
the lodge meetings will be held weekly, commencing at 7:30 p. m„ to enable Coal Creek members to participate in the session. ■>
'Methodist Church, Sunday, Sept. 27th
2:30 p. m., Sunday schoolt and Bible
class;  7:30, Gospel service, subject,
IS THIS TRUE ?
A recent manifesto issued by the
Socialist Party of Canada says—
"The only Barrier standing* in our
way is ignorance in the ranks of our
own class''
Working men of Coleman do not
let this be said to apply to you.
Spend you dollars at the Co-oper-
mtiTelStoTer^dthu^
gent understanding of those movements which are for your benefits.
Be True to yourselves and Loyal to
your Institutions
Western Can. Co-Operative
TRADINQ 00. LIMITID
COLEMAN
ALBERTA
INVICTUS
The Beat Good Shoe
If you want the latest atvlen
and the most serviceable root-
wear—buy
THE INVICTUS
We sell the fmnouR
Paneting Shoepacks
Come In em Pee the
, FROST KIKO GOAT
It le me* from M ovneo All W»el Maeklnaw, apeelally felted fer
tne mrpoen.
The eeat meaturet full M InehH len§, not ell Uie little earn-
forte have Seen otodlod In every detail.
Comfortable eellar, eeey etmbotne, tarte. roomy eieevee not In
addition, fiae • tee-elite ameitneee Mat will five pteeawre tt the
wearer*. TN eetere arei frown not Waakt ttroy nnd Blacks Orale
nm monk.  Prtoo fl*M eeeb.
X*AJ>IS*S GOATS
Vpdedbemtmtte etytee te WM -mete fm bemeo, Miaeee nm CbiMren.
Ceme and ate them; you'll he deiifHud *dtk the nbewdn§,
WS OIVI AWAY A DRISSfft A STAND OM
OOTOMft, fri 1t14
*->■*■.»
*«#
ill
\i
T. W. DAVIE8
I
Funaral Director
and   Kmbalmar
■#w^ir«iiu-iiil«».~.iil.ii -*tmii**iis>.amiaaammnatm^
Nsftttstonss Supplied and Sst up
OOU1MAN    ■"-•«{&~8~»*»    ALBERTA
"The Love of God," pastor. lYiday
evening, 7 o'clock, sharp, choir practice.
On September 29th and 30th the
Rev. Dr. Wesbman, of Calgary, field
secretary of the Methodist Sunday
School Union, will give a lecture, illustrated) toy lantern slides, entitled,
''An Educationl Campaign for the
Study of Local and World Problems."
Lectures to commence at 8 o'clock.
The reverend gentleman is a capable
lecturer and an educational treat is
promised for aU who avail themselves
of the opportunity. .
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ BELLEVUE NOTES ♦
•tnm *e*ty m**t* Wetta* mmt 1***0 *t*«  "»*;* is  »,,:.i
W. L OUIMETTE
Cotoman        -        Alberta
Herman Varley was the fortunate
holder of the ticket bearing the number destined to win a useful article,
a rifle, for these (}ull times, wWch was
put up for lottery at the Bellevue
shooting gallery. "A bully, shot,
Harry."    °,
A party of four enthusiastic sports
left here this afternoon, with a sure
drenching in store, !n a search of
meat.
A most enjoyable evening was spent
by the whole of the Methodist choir
at Mr. and Jlrs. W. Scott's residence.
After the inner man had 'been successfully, catered to, games, etc., were Indulged In until a late hour. -Mr. Watts
Goodwin proved the most finished
sculptor in gum, for which he was
awarded a box of chocolates.
Jarrett Evans informs us that home-
steading is far the pleasantest way of
getting an existence which he has
found yet.
Mr. J, Burke and Mrs. W. H. Chap-
pell, Jr., the chairman and secretary-
treasurer, respectively, of the Bellevue school board, are making strenuous efforts to keep our school open.
They are making a house to house
canvass in an endeavor to collect the
taxes due Uie school district. We
understand their mission was fairly
successful, but there are still many delinquents, who have failed up to present We would add our supplications
to those ot the school board that all
those who still owe taxesk would
£onsldeiLi£eJv4iXare-o£-th®-©&Hd ren
of thia town. Imagine what a calamity
It would be if tbe school had to close
and our children deprived of their
main eourpe of education.
iMr. Reed was holding forth on the
parable of the "Prodigal Son" In the
Methodist church on*Sunday last,
Mrs. R. Cummins presented Bobby
with a robust daughter. Mother and
child doing fine; father treading tbe
air.
Mr. Harry Stubbs has Just returned
from the old country, and Is on a visit
to his brother end sitter'* ranoh here.
We understand that he Is an old-timer
here, having migrated to Mexico some
four years ago. On the outbreak of
hostilities he deelded tbere were far
pleasanter places. We understand he
Intends to return to Mexico shortly.
Air, A. Downs, the stable boss*, had.
unfortunately, to shoot one of his
ehargee last week, owing to the bonee
of It* feet becomtng diseased.
Frank SplroikJ, wlio had the mis'
fortune some fifteen months om to get
hia leg brefon tn two places, has not
made sny too good progress, and another operation was thought neeee*
sary, so Prank haa decided to visit
the Mayo Brothers' hospital In Rochester, iMInn.
Mr, Tom Phillips has returned from
his land seeking around the Arrow
Labee.
Paddy Bgan haa winded hia war
beek to this ellne*. in aeareh of a Job,
deorge Noble baa left for paaturea
unknown.
If oor information Is correct, the
cellar which haa been dug out for *
boarding bouse between T. M. Bar-
netfs storo and tbt Bellevue Hotel, Is
to be left In its present auto antll
spring. We wooM suggest to tbo owner that on dark nights it Is a sooree
of danger to the people of this town
and that It should be fenced.
Tke depraaelon wbkb bas b-ssn prevalent In the Paao for aomo time bas
found Its wax here with a vengeance.
Tbat monster of modoro Umno, tbe
siren, le continually giving off lu
despondent mm**. o« oo ainody be-
■pendant peopb». We have only • oiled two dare sine* tbe sending ot tbe
last note* A now rod* of wblattai
has been drawn up, which is as follows:
One long whisUo—Work tm all the
mmmtm ene itppm trom*.
.The I. O. 0. F. will organize a lodge
In Bellevue .on October lst. After the
initiation ceremony a supper will be
served .by the ladies of the 'Methodist
•church.- Initiation fee, $15.
Captain McLean of the Salvation
Army, corp of Fernie was in town soliciting aid for their harvest thanksgiving service. Her mission was very
successful.
Mr. J. Burke, iMr. Clem Stubbs and
the Misses Cawthorne were mountain
climbing on Sunday last.
Born—To .Mr. and Mrs. E. Litherland, a daughter.
Mr. Wm. Cole of pool room fame, is
runlng a billiard tournament this
week, for which will be given two
beautiful cases of pipes; a case con-
taing. four for the winner and two for
second.
♦ COLEMAN NOTES ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦+-
■Mrs, Thomas 'Muir, with her son and
daughter, arrived back in Coleman,
after spending a six months' holiday
yith her parents in West Hartlepool,
England.
On Wednesday night about half
past nine o'clock, Joe W. Bateman, a coal miner in the employ of
the McGillivray Coal and Coke Company's mine at Coleman, in room ill,
met with a severe accident, wihich
terminated fatally at 4 o'clock on
Thursday morning. Mr. Bateman
was 20 years ot age and a native of
Thurnscoe, near iRotheram, England.
The deceased leaves a widow, but no
children. Much sympathy is felt for
Mrs. Bateman In her bereavement.
IMrs. Jimmy, Muir has left Coleman
for a six months' holiday in West
Hartlepool, England}.
The mines of the International and
McGillivray Companies were idle on
Friday and* Saturday, the 18th and
19th.'
The funeral of our late brother, J.
W. iBateraan, took place on Sunday,
the 20th, from the "Union Hail of the
Carbondale Local. The Coleman band
played the Dead March. The remains
were followed to the cemetery by a
large crowd of sympathetic friends,
aad-also—Goleman—Local—2633:—A-
number of beautiful wreathes were
placed on the casket. The Coleman
Football Club provided a beautiful
wreath. Rev. Mr. Sblrea of tbe Anglican church preached a very touching sermon at the grave.
On Saturday night about a dozen of
our foreign-speaking compatriots got
mixed up in a mimic war ln the main
street of Coleman, with the result
that they were taken in tow and toed
the line on Monday before the .1. P.
and fined for their bit of sport.
in for Company E, of the 107th East
Kootenay Rifles: George Gregory,
Harry Phillips, Thomas Bailey, Lyde
Morris, Martin Lyons, J. Barazini, Andrew iMoGovern, Leonard Gregory,
Edgar Davis, T. G. Armstrong. The
captain appointed is J. S. Gladwin of
Corbin. Several more names will be
attached to the company list next
week.
All Austrians and Germans in
Michel have to report themselves to
the provincial police every week.
We regret to report that the boy,
Hunger, who met with an accident at
Frank Harmer's ranch, died last week.
The report that the accident occurred
on Frank Swlck's ranch was Incorrect.
The Cassandra Lodge of Rebekahs
held their social dance in Craban's
Hall on Monday night. The music was
rendered by .Matt Littler, Frank Newman and Miss D. Newman. The hall
was packed. When the clock struck
12 fruit was distributed, and at 1:30
a. m. the Home, Sweet Home waltz
brought a most enjoyable evening to a
close. Everyone congratulated the
Rebekahs upon the aible manner in
which the*}' handled their social.
At the Local union meeting everyone regretted hearing of the illness of
Bro. D. Rees, International Board
Member, and all wish him speedy recovery.
"Miles and Albert • Esterbrook
brought in two fine deer from their
hunting trip.
Bill Savage has captured a fine,
big black bear.
Mr. Stonerow, from Pittsburg, came
in last week on a hunting trip. Frank
Swick took him from 'Michel thirty
miles up the Elk River.
Mr. W. R. Wilson was down here on
Friday, visiting the various mines.
♦ COALHURST NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦<►<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Times are looking up in this camp
—three days a week instead of two.
Quite a number of men bave quit during the last two weeks and their
place -were quickly filled 'by men who
are constantly watching a chance, every morning on the top.	
BEAVEf-t   MINES   NOTES
The mines worked two days last
week and were idle from 11 p. m. Friday until 11 p. m. Tuesday.
IWllism Caufield. William Branch
and Dan Fowler pulled their time here
end have secured Jobs at Coal Creek.
The Local union meeting on Sunday
last was certainly a record meeting
since the strike. Tbe business was
well conducted by Bro. R. Jones, presiding. District President 1* IW.
Phillips gave a very able address to
the audience concerning No. 1 North
mine; also the position of tbo camps
throughout the district. Several lm*
portent questions were asked, wbleb
be ably responded to. It was the
opinion of somo of our regular at*
lenders tbat If wo eould only get such
meetings every Sunday we eould certainly do without Minting any of our
grievances before the commissioners,
and would most certainly get better
results.
An employes' meeting followed the
Local union meeting, for tbe purpose
of making a little alteration In the
rules concerning tbe inspection com
mittees for the various mines during
tbe slack time. We hope to see these
grievances responded to by the local
reel company, ae tbey will help the
people to a very greet extent during
tbe alaek time.
The following Is a petition sent to
the government agent concerning the
pollution of tk* rreek. tbe *'*!**   ot
ubl'b wes filthy for   moral   daya
lii*( meek:
tl,   K,  atoibcr.   Ben-  Government
Anittt. tnmAm. tk. €/.
"We. tbe eude-refcrned ettlfeti*   td
I Michel end Natal, Bl C. hereby
i
J am -W** ,-m.Ww**- -U uv** mi nii ite
mlettn mt other emptoyes.
The** wl-nfc***—?!* meet' tor my
body.
four whittle*   Work for Xo I k*ui-
tnnt* wm i*pf*» -utrnmn «•*>. **
No whittles—Wet* tor everybody.
We would *og«»« to these Inter-
eeted to eHp out thle ond piece it in
a conspicuous piece, aa la all
Mltty It will be found mtml.
The K division of the R. N. W. IM. P.
have been busy around here lately
looking up firearms and making arrests of suspicious looking parties.
Fred Seminotto, an outside workers
here for the past two years, was
found dead in his shack on Friday of
last week. The doctor was sent for,
but his services were not required.
He reported death from natural
causes. The undertaker was more in
demand, so Fetterly of Lethbridge
took charge of the remains and the
funeral was held on Sunday, fleralnot.
to had a brother working in tbe mines
at Coal Creek and a wife and family in
his own country, Galicla.
Robert Tood and Jamea Wylle quit
tbe mine this week and went over to
Chinook to try for steadier work.
Harry Thomas has moved from the
house In Wlgan to a company house
more suitable to his taste.
Balnbrldge rounded up bis poultry
last week and put black rings of Ur
around tbelr legs, to save any dispute
as to ownership.
Bob Lothian, who waa hurt on tbe
19th of August, started work again
on Tuesday of this week.
John T. Stirling was a visitor to the
eamp on Priday of laat week, accompanied by Bam Jones; tbe latter was
lo again on Monday and examined tbe
mine.
John Dingman started to work in
the (an houso last woek, ruling tbo
vaeancy caused by Howard Hurt being called to defend his couutry
against Kaiser Bill.
Billy Hopkins, the Coalhurst biitrta-
er, Invested In « ne* Ford tour'ng car
on Saturday.
Billy Clapham placed his order for
one of the same make, to be ou tunc
for nest pay<day,
(ieorgo Bradford and Harry Womb
were visitors to Lethbridge tbe Isittr
part of last week. They registered
at tbe CoeMale.
Mr* O'llara aad Mra. Kelly paid
• nyiue *l*lt to iMbktiit* on M<»i
day
Anthony Sprout mn* tan* 'n )'.>-«>
hurst looking for work m Mondn
He *mx* motk I* sleek ail over.
One ef our ttorekeepers evldeni intif
k big dlffappolnfm-ffit last pa> daj He
sweers vengwitir* next tmy-dnj In -b*
way of garalsbeei.
Th© regular meeting of this Local
tf-Hs convened at 3 p. m. on Sunday,
the 2oth inst, Bro. Hughes, president,
iJi th© chair. After the minutes of
last i&eeting Were adopted, the secretary read a letter from District President phiilips, explaining that pressure
ot work prevented him from visiting
tUis Local. Some discussion ensued,
but it was eventually decided that we
accept the explanation as satisfactory.
•A«» appeal was also read from the
Cumberland, B. C„ Local, District 2S,
asking for financial aid for the miners
a«<l their wives and families on Vancouver Island, who are in a precarious
predicament through being unable to
fjod employment, and especially as
the business people are refusing to
give a Sreat number of them any
credit. The secretary was instructed
to answer the appeal and state that we
regret that our financial position prevents us from assisting them at present
On behalf ot the pit committee, the
pr&sldent reported having visited the
manager re stamping pay checks payable to the order of business men, and
that In future the practice would be
discontinued.
It waa made plain, however, that the
m'eh Whose pay checks were stamped
had. on a previous occasion, signed
tbdr names on a list which the
tradesman claimed gave him permission to have their checks payable to
hl» order,
The secretary stated that since our
last meeting. Dr. Connor had placed a
nurse in charge of his temporary hospital at Beaver, and that she would
consult him through the telephone on
aU occasions where medical atteniion
was required, and that he would visit
th* patients here or have them sent
to Picher Creek, as the occasion required. Although several members
contended that we should have a
properly, qualified physician residing
in the.cflJnp. others admitted that witb
the small number of men employed
here at present, the revenue would not
me^v-the-expeasg.^ "
It was eventually agreed, to accept
The mine here worked three daya
last week and from what we can learn,
three days will be the limit this week.
The wife and family of Jim Mar-,
shall, master mechanic, arrived here
from Calgary last week, and are oo*.
cupying the dwelling house formerly
occupied by the manager, in Uie new
cottages.
Tom Shea, formerly employed here,
but at present working at 'Michel,
visited Beaver Creek last week and
after spending a short time with his
mother and other friends, proceeded
to his ranch to join his wife and
family for a few days.
Mrs. T. J. Cumberland, of the post-
office, Pincher Creek, was the guest
of Mr. and Mrs. Vroom last week.
Norman .Morrison left Beaver with
his wife and family for the east in
the early part of last week. -Mr. J.
Boyd of Calgary is filling his position in the company office.
(Coatlnued om Pan* Four)
the present arrangement until a greater number of men could be employed.
Free
GUARANTEED
American Silk
HOSIERY
WE WANT YOU TO KNOW
THESE HOSE
They stood the test when all
others failed. They give real
foot comfort. They have no
seams to rip. They never become loose and baggy, as the
shape is knit in, not pressed in.
They are GUARANTEED for
fineness, for style, for superiority of materia! and workmanship, absolutely stainless, and to
wear six months without holes
or replaced by new pairs free.
OUR FREE OFFER
To every one sending us 50c
to cover shipping charges, we
will send, subject to duty, absolutely free:
Three pairs of our famous
men's AMERICAN SILK
HOSE, with written guarantee,
any color, or
Three pairs of our Ladles'
Hose In Black, Tan or White
colors, with written guarantee.
DON'T DELAY—Offer expires
when dealer In your locality ls
selected. Give color and size
desired.
=7li§ InteFnaUona{flosiery€ir-
21 Blttner Street
Dayton, Ohio, U. S. A.
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will furnish yoar home from teller to ferret noi it bot-
torn Prices. Cell, write, phone or wlro,   All orders given
Prompt attention,
If rm »to eetltfletf, tell othero.   if not MtltfleO, tell us.
Coleman
"' MIX        -„_JS8B»BgB8B
Alberta
F. H. THOMPSON CO.
"TM Quality »tor«"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
i
xm »n*i»« tbo petMtM* ot Mteoot *»*';   '* j* f ,f /" iA* ****** w*
rw^i, mmd .Mill mah aam tm mmU lh* • MO»*»i l-tyd. ttll iknutkb OS Of.*MOt
wntor foppty.   wo ■«* turn l**n*dt  *~* •*•*•«•* * "» ••»"  **  —"
at* nttbm b* tnk*o opilnet tbt Coebin
eobe »n<i Coal «?ei»pe»y MmHe**, *»
we teller* that rompsny It tbe mm*
ot tbla pubtk *»«rta*w*» "
Orer tm people bate tlt*«4   tbi*\
mtnrdtty wn* ptifttif Un iwi4 liu-H   ,*>,.iU>v,
woe brteb te tnnnto pfeee*  to
Tb* cttiteeoeC tMe ptntw ««*• notm*
*bM obmnei oo Setoriar to tm »b#
meowfow poffeo of toft pttee barry to
Vototem tn nepewo* to « ntfier onin
•i+'i'iitsvit mmmm. tfcit. * mbkkmt*l
W  ft.  Sllaun.  mrblnlM  at   tb*
mift*-*. i*ix -..**tt* tttt *%*t*ty tro Vmmt'
4»r nlgbt. m# all vltli Mm pre*tmr.
fftr   mf0t*r#r fc# f»**,
mm Aiaca McOavffm !* n v tailor
do* n tore for * ton Any*,
fk* mw TttttrndAom mm* le m*k*
"'ir ruT tirutca uut LiUm-m* few* I**.-;*»«.*# t**M aMM** ln»*t* mmpimmm
It .p-etoi NtMiS iwo tboaJTWy hat* tie roof' eeww*l tbl* wmik.
mem atooc   Wt «or >r bow   tbe
noot too** will ao« «• wftboot u»«-
leeiito.   ttnll* n lot ->»' i«wol boitK
■elors bad prawla*! * •!..'«. to i»i*j
• but eogflfettwRa »(fbt '* offee*! a*
ti twttlne- m.irrft«»f
Hraoebo mily gat  M*   mtA**
m Monday. BUI} *».*) k# -tint m-.td
li aaacfc, omly kit- *"*<***$.*"■« **♦
«atthln* tl* exhtbitkt-u
Tb*r» in o rnmor *d ** -*•* t»vh-*tl
mueb and mmwr tt* i*** h»!«t ■>*.*>
•eoftty to WIM np tbt- tf-xmn, bnt «be
nWtWwut  tt IWr# war n««jr* -w«*-ir-
tb* nana! pay-day attrmlab.
Tie* folloirJnf iwmi ban* bwi *oorn ^-tttemi.
r
Just to hand 200 cases of
PRESERVING FRUIT
•f Intra Ch*to« Quality
i'jiluin from* \wt Ini* ivf.Ill IW'Iuh. jv-r lm* *! }tt
l»t*r* pr »m *tl.M, ViMnz Aftik.* |iw l**x $i:A>
Vhok* Eitins Ap|>It** |*r Ui% $IM
DRY GOODS
Ifc'fiirtf Iniying a Ktr-Mite-r I 'mt p*"** mir f«t*f* «»f
Mn»>. I^'Kca'and CtbilaltvnVall um,t Mmutnli Knit.
1'riw* t« *nit nil jnn*e».
•hut to IihihI n iln|»inint t*i >J«nlHl«U |mrt-
Wi,o11*r,il#.H«*\ir rn Mxts .uul Juwv»K „.,.! ituimt
MttitM. Aim a liill mttfst* «»t I^ilten ami ChiMrtV*
VmUftomtr
We pay S p.c. discount in cash on all purchatt*
Mon«y
i
4
s
•*
••■Wl*
Tha %tora mat SAVtS You r?f*'Af"^
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEENIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
Local Union Directory, Distf 18,U.M.W.A
\*$>?u)mm*,!::)fimiw,m^
■t.
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridajs,
Mirers' Hall, Fernie; seoonrt and
fourth Fridays, Club HaU, Coal
C;eek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec. Fernie. B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet   every   Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick   Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec.
COLEMAN LOCAL
No, 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2,30 p.m. In the Opera House,
Colftman.—S. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
In Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passhurg, Alta.
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,   Sec,  Can-
noru. AHa.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 198
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Tlios. Thompson.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet evory alternate Sunday at
2.SO   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  Sec,  Box
105, Coleman.
1
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening.at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank Barrlngham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst 1\ 0.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
In School House, Burrnis. No Sick
Society.—Thos.~G. Harries, Sec,
Tassburg, Alta.
Report on Coal Dust
Explosion
Test
By George S. Rice and L, M. Jones
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Tims. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Altn.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall. 12th Avenue Norlh.-1-L. iloore. Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in    the   Socialist    Hail. —James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   36,   Bellevue,
Alta.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin, B. C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
■Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
•Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
'OTttt/SttftttrMft^^
Ejgjijijiiygfijll^^
Cash Meat Market
ALWAYS THE BEST QUALITY AT THE LOWEST PRICES
We breed and feed our own cattle. Now is the time to get
some nice young veal.
Pork sausages, bologna, we I ners, pork sausages, liver sausages, creamery butter, fresh eggs, fresh fish, tripe, hams, bacon,
always on hand.   A RIAL SOLICITED.
Opposite the Post Office
Phone 52, H. Northwood Mgr.
A few weeks' rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
will give you a new l9*se of life, or to those whose ilme ls llm*
ited, take quickest route east or west, vU the Oro.it Northern
Railway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
I
You will enjoy all the comfort ot most modem railroad equipment Courteous tnd efficient employes will mtke your trip
pleasant
Before purchasing steamship tickets, 1st us talk It ever.
Fer further Information apply te
4. A. MANN, AQINT
P.O. Bex 4*1      FERNIE. B.C.     Phone tie, UI
KING'S HOTEL
Bet stifled with the twst Wines,
Uk|uoi* end liners
OtN'l!*a ROOM  IN i'OS'NKlTlfIN
Test No. 120 was    made    al   the
Bruceton Experimental   mine in   the
presence of  many    members of the
Mine Inspectors' Institute of America,
June 11, last, from various parts of
the United States and Canadafas well
as some operators and miners.     The
purposes of the experiment were several.    The  most  important  was    to
determine  the  efficiency   of  various
forms of rock dust barriers in stopping the propagation of a dust explo-
{ sion; another feature    of    great in-
j terest to many of the members, was
the employment of a strong ventilating current .prior to and at the time
the explosiop was started.   .The main
entry was the intake and    the    air-
course the return. Thc loading of coal
dust in the two entries was made as
nearly  alike  as  possible;  and since
the igniting shot was fired in an offset at the middle of the inmost breakthrough, the conditions in t the   two
entries were identical, except for   the
air current intaking on one and returning on the other entry.
Igniting Shot
The explosion   was   caused by   a
blow-out shot of four pounds of FFP
black powder,    tamped    with    three
pounds of clay stemming, discharged
from a cannon at the face of a1 twenty-
foot offset, on the north side of the
1,250   cut-through,   equidistant   from
entry and aircourse.
Dust Loading
The offset and 1,250 cut-through
were loaded with pure coal dust;
that is, coal dust not mixed with other
dust. The distance from the cannon
through the cut-through to the centre
of either entry was about fifty feet.
From' the opposite the 1,250 cut-
through, the entry and aircourse were
each loaded on sides and cross shelves
with a mixture of 60 per cent coal
dust and 40 per cent shale dust at a
rate of 3 1-3 pounds per foot. Tlie
amount of coal dust per foot of entry
was two pounds, which is equivalent'
to about one-half ounce per cubic foot
of entry space. This loading extended for 550 feet out by the cut-
through. The mixture had an ash
percentage of about 38 to 40 per
cent.
 Gonc8Htr*ated=H©ck=*=D4Jst=Sarr-ief	
At the snd of this zone on the entry there was Installed a (Rice) concentrated barrier loaded with two and
one-half tons of rock dust. Th-d
principal feature of the -barrier are as
follows:
It has two-hinged platform, seven
feet by seven feet by one foot, near
tlie roof of the entry. The floor
plank of the platforms are not attached to the side boards, which are
fastened to timber cross-bars, but at
one end to the cross bar of a timber
set between Uie platforms. The
other ends of the planks of each platform aro supported by an angle iron,
which in turn, ls held up -by one of
a system of levers. There are vanes
hung from the roof 100 feet distant,
inby and putby the barrier, so arranged that when an explosion wave
causes one to swing, the movement ls
reversed by pulley and chain and a
pull transmitted by wire to a trigger
which trips a system of levers, causing tho "dropping of the angle irons
supporting one end of each platform.
Alternate planks then fall about nine
or eighteen Inches, depending on tbe
length of chains fastened to them
and an overhead tlmbe|or to the roof,
the side frame of each platform, how*
ever, being still held up iu position.
On release, the dust, whlrh hsd been
placed on the platforms, falls from the
planks In a shower In the entry,
blanketing the flame of the explosion when lt reaches the barrier.
should th* advance veil* operating
arrangement fall, another vane near
the barrier, by means of a hinged
bumping block attached to It, poshes
the trigger, causing the operation of
the barrier.
■en Reek Oust Barriers
At the end of the mixed dust tone
on the aircourse were Installed a set
cullies in the possibilities or success
for tbe union coopers.
The ladies of the Women's Trade '^ ^ "immi'b^ Wrrier^ "spaced
ten feet renter, each containing ejbout
Union   League   and   Union   l^bel
League and the Label Section of the
#00 to 700 pounds of crushed shale
Chicago Federation of Lnbor and  the «,„.  Th<w ^tee nn  seven  feet
V. MILLS.
Pwp
CHICAOO TRAOIS UNION  LAtll.
tmdm /* more*
Grievance Committee, as well as the
Genera! Rsecetlvo Hoard of the Coop-
•f International Union of N. A.,
have u#ed every means available to
Influence tbe company to use union
made barrels snd boi#«, hut without
eeceeea.
Tlie company holds that organised
tmt, twenty-one Inches wide aad nine
Inches deep. The boxes ere built so
tiiat two bottom boards real upon narrow bottom stripe fastened to the
box tnm*. The bog frame ts sup*
ported by (our nyo bars, tbe e>«*
resting on hooks, projecting from tbe
roof.     Whets   tb*   e&ptoefoa   wave
labor ee» neither Indite* ner oeenonA* t^^t-hr.* ****-, ■**■*•* t» ■»««««•»   itm  tn-m-.*
200-feet zones of pure or unmixed coal
dust to furnish fuel, for continued
propagation, should it get through the
stopping devices; in other words,1 to
determine if the latter were efficient
At the end of these coal dust zones
were placed Taffanel barriers to
•check the explosion should the coal
doist become ignited.
First Right Butt
Across the mouth of this entry was
built a rock dust stopping which consisted of board sides with a compart
ment between   them,   fifteen   inches
wide, filled with two and one-half tons
of shale dust.   The sides were braced
just   sufficiently  ,t6   withstand   the
pressure of the filling, but not enough
to give much additional strength. Coal
dust was placed for 100 feet in by the
stopping to test, its efficiency.
First and Second Left Butts
In these   entries,   fifteen   feet   in
from the air course, were built rock
dust    protected     ventilating   doors.
These  boards  had compartments- at
each side and above them' containing
rock dust.   The door frame held the
boards of the compartments in place.
When an explosion wave struck,the
door, the frame   not   being   strongly
braced would tend   to   become   displaced and' the rock dust * would   be
launched into the entry.   .The   door
in No. 2 butt opened outward, while
that one in No. 1 opened inward:   Unmixed coal dust ■ was distributed    in
both butts to determine the efficiency
of the stopping   device.'   To   obtain
symmetrical  conditions iu  the    air-
course and entry, no door or curtain
was placed across the aircourse   between the butts.
Ventilation
An air current with a velocity of
about 800 feet per minute was intaking on the3 main entry and returning
on the aircourse. It was was through
that the syimrnterlcal loading on
entry and aircourse would permit a
good comparison of the effect of the
high velocity, air current travelipg
with and against the explosion. This
velocity gave a volume of 46,000 cubic
feet per minute.
Humidity
The mine was very wet throughout.
The bottom was muddy in places,
while the packed clay floor through-
j}»t-wns-sliD'ht!*B-stick-v-r—--SEhe-roQMjsd-
beeds of moisture on it.
Instruments
' Recording, pressure manometers
were placed in stations E11150, 750,
550, A-1150, 750 and 550. Flame circuit breakers were placed at all stations in mixed dust zone and others at
intervals outby. Wire* were connected to the stopping devices, terminating the mixed dust, to determine
the relation between the time of their
operation and the passage of the
flame. Matches and guncotton tufts
were installed every -twenty-five feet
throughout the mine. *   -
Results of Explosion
When the Igniting shot was fired by
the pressing of a button lu the observatory, slight puffs of dust were
noticed at the main entry and air-
course, accompanied by a very muffled report. Shortly afterword more
dust came from entrances, particularly the aircourse entrance, and Issued for some moments, -Externally
the explosion was very mild. When
the ventilating current waa turned on
after a cloud of rock dust had been
expelled, the Afterdamp accompanied
by an extensive cloud of black smoke
attested to a considerable explosion
In the Interior of the mine.
Extant of the Explosion
The flame of the explosion extended In the main entry and In the air-
course to the respective rock dust
barriers, which were placed at points
550 feet from the outside of the mine
or 7IW feirt from the origin. !n etxtdi
case, The barriers in both cases operated and flame wae not eommunt*
cated to the pure coal dust tones beyond or outby the barriers.
The ventilating door In the second
butt wae evidently thrown down by
the shock wave from tbe canno at In*
dlcnted by the elapsed time aa recorded on the chronograph. When
the flame reached it, about four
seconds later, there bad been sufficient
time to permit the rock dust to ■Mtl*.
•o that tht flame pane* over head
and Ignited the coal dust beyond, with
th* remit that then waa quit* t
strong Inflammation at the head of
tb* butt entries, sufficient to break
tbe track and throw down shelving.
Thii Indicated that the door frame
bad not   beea   put  ap   anffMiently
.t*ti***r   alt*!** *** tttt* nttinae Oft***1lM1
shelves depends upon the air current.
In a weak explosion, the amount
blown off might be too small to effectively quench the flame.—Coke and
Coal Operator and Fuel Magazine.
PAPER  BAG  COOKING
hap.s also due to the very .wet condition of the mine. The maximum
pressures at, E-1150 was 2.4 pounds,
at E-750 5 pounds and at. -E-550 0
pounds. The pressure at JE-7,50 and
550 show the effect of the concentrated barrier in extinguishing the flame.
In the aircoursp the pressure at A-1150
was 1.4 pounds and at A-750 J pound.
This latter pressure in view of the
considerable development of force at
the head of the butt entries is rather
surprising- and indicates the ventilating door 'barriers in the butt entries
if they did not stop the explosion on
entering, did so on the return wave.
At a 550 outby the box Ibarrier the was
zero.
Velocity of Explosion
The velocity of the explosion was
very shlow; one of the slowest that
has been recorded. It required 3.2 seconds to traverse a distance from the
origin to the station at E-1150 in the
entry, a distance of 150 feet and 2.9
seconds to station A-1150 feet in the
aircourse, also 150 feet from the
origin. The explosion required1 6.5
seconds to reach station 750 in the
entry: and 5.1 seconds to reach the
corresponding station in the air-
course. The average velocity of flame
between stations on the return air-
course, 182 feet per second, -was greater than the average of flame between
stations on the intake entry, 131 feet
per second.  "    •
Effect of Ventilating Current
It would not appear frcrn the pressure and velocity records that the
high velocity of the air current ha4-
much influence on the development of
the explosion. About the only, variation in the development of the explosion in the two entries was that
the velocity of flame on the return
side was somewhat greater than that
on the intake side. While this may
have been an effect of the ventilating
conditions, it was probably more a
matter of air current, since the explosion was such a slow one.
,  Concentrated Barrier
As the explosion was very light,
the concentrated barrier in the entry
was not broken up or injured. The
shelves had dropped until the supporting chains were taut and about a
fhir-rl  nf tha iliiRt.    hnd    fallen    frrim.
Mrs. Christine Frederick, whose
I ook on practical housekeeping is a
recognized standard work, is an earnest advocate of the new method of paper hag cooking. This is what she
says: ;
"Aibout two years ago we -heard a
great deal of the wonders of paper
bag cooking. Some of us believed!,
but, unfortunately, all of us did- too
much talking and overrating at the
first. Instead of welcoming paper bag
cooking asi another method of cooking for certain things, we .were told
that it would cook anything from
soup to nuts—which, of ■course, was
a gross overstatement
"And just -because of this overstating, many of us refused to see any
good in the 'idea, and refusod to accept it at all. But paper bag cookery is a success, as I said, for certain
food, and particularly In summer,
should offer the housewife an easier
method of preparation—not the housewife with a large coal range, hut the
housewife with a gas stove, -with an
oil stove and small portable oven 'who
wishes to economize fuel and dishwashing.
"It was ridiculous to assert that all
meats, fruits and vegetables could be
secured in a paper bag and removed,
presto! in perfect condition. Those
foods that cook best are the smaller
pieces of meat, like, kidneys, pork
chops, tenderlion and fish, which is
undoubtedly the one food which the
paper bag does to perfection. Also
vegetables, like sliced carrot, peas,
string Ibeans and cauliflower all cook
well. Chicken, veal and sweetbreads
are meats which the paper bags renders succulant and declicious and luce-
retaining. But, naturally,. one must
use common sense and realize that
ham, large roasts, chuck, etc., require
too long a time to cook to be successful.
"Tho paper bag forces any, food to
retain all it§ juices and salts, But Its
one point most worthy of consideration by tlie housewife is that it saves
pan washing. Think of the unpleasantness of washing a pan after a
baked fish! And then you may wish
to try a paper bag for a change.
"There are now on the market cooking 'baskets of various sizes which
hold tlie bag while cooking and which
Told in a Simple Way
No  Apparatus,   Inhalers,  Salves,   Lotions, Harmful Drugs, Smoke
or Electricity
HEALS DAY AND NIGHT
It is the new. way. It is something
absolutely different. No lotions,,
sprays or sicklyi smelling salvesi . or
creams. No atomizer, ,or any apparatus of any kind. Nothing to smoke or
inhale. No steaming or rubbing or
injections. -No electricity or vibration or massage; no plaster; no keep-
. M
ing in the house.     Nothin',
that
Irfth-U 	
kind at all. Something new and
different, something delightful and
healthful. You do not have to wait-,
and linger and pay out a lot of money.
You can stop it over night—and 1
will gladly tell you how—FREE.. I am
not a doctor, and this is- not a so-
called doctor's prescription.—-but I am
cured and my friends are cured, and
you can be cured. Your sufferings
will stop at once like magic.
I Am Free - You can be Free
them, the remainder 'being still retained on the planks. The 'barrier
operated 5.44 seconds after the shot
was fired, while the flame reached it
aibout seven Becond after the shot;
the rock dust that sifted down apparently made a sufficient dust curtain to
extinguish the -flame.
Box Barrier
The box frames were found lying
on the floor of entry, only one being
damaged to any extent. The bottom
boards were all suspended from the
chains and only one had been broken.
All of the dust had fallen from the
boards which wore supported in a
tilting position. The boxes operated
at 4.9 seconds, while the flame
reached the boxes about period 5.5
The rock'duat showed good distribution along the air course.
Rock Oust Stopping
The, records Indicated that thia
stopping had been blown down at
least partically toy the shock wave
from the Igniting about at a period
0.473 after the shot The stopping
was probably built unnecessarily
light. It had operated effectively
since flame did not penetrate inby the
stopping.
Rock Dust Protected Ventilating Doer*
The door In No. 2 butt had been
thrown down by tbe shock wave at
period 0.429, while flame reached this
point It is estimated after a period of
about four seconds. The dust com*
pertinent of No, 1 left door feel, ao*
cording to th« time of rupture of the
wires, after a period of 4.0 seconds,
tbe flame reselling thle point possibly
a little before,
It Is probable that tb* flame passed
into No, 2 butt over tbe dust pile
which had fallen possibly enough in
advance so tbat much of the duet in
tb* air bad lettled. The flame may
or may not hit* paoaed through No.
I butt barrier,
The woodwork of both doom had
been broken to fragments by tb* re-
torn wav* tnm tb* butle and tb*
fragments thrown out to the air-
course and both outby end a abort
distance Inby on it.
■Tlie tailors of No. 1 butt lo ua*
doubtedly du* to tb* from* being
braced too lightly. It should not bav*
gone out witt th* chock wav*.  Also
it n-««M It* ttmtt.* -M bttaitt***** t*t tt**.
My catarrh was filthy and- loathsome, it made me 111. It dulled mv
mind, it undermined my health and
was weakening my will. The hawking-
coughing, spitting made me obnoxious
to all, and my foul breath and disgusting habits made even' mv loved ones
avoid me secretly. My delight in life
wns dulled and my faculties impaired.
I know that in time it would bring me
to an untimely grave, because overy
moment of the-day and night it was
slowly yet surely sapping my vitality.
But' I found n cure a .id I am ready
to tell you about it FRHR. Write nie
promptly.
RISK JUST 1 CENT
Send no money. 'Just your name and
address on a postal card. Say, "Dear
Sam Kalis: Please tell me how you
cured your catarrh, and how I can cure
mine." That's all you need to say. 1
will understand, and I will write to
you with complete information. FREE,
at once. Do not delay. Send postal
c;ard or write me a letter today. Don't
think of turning this page until you
have asked for this1 wonderful treatment, that can do for you what lt has
done for me.
are removed directly to the table from 1      _   SAM KATZ, Room A2754^ ____
the"oven. "This does away with muchH"« Mutual St.,    ' Toronto, Ont.
of the former unpleasantness of taking the food from the bag to another
plater. Then be sure that you gebthe
right kind of food you wish to cook.
"Then be sure the food is put In
properly; that the bag Is well greased
and fastened tlghtlly before you leave
It to Its somewhat perilous journey In
the oven. Just like any other labor-
-saver, the paper bag needs Intelligent
handling to he a success, but a success It Is ami can be for certain cooking, and in hot weather when every
extra dish means extra perspiratlpn
it would pay the woman who does her
own work to sensibly and sanely
study pa^er bag cookery and use
what she can of lt ln her summer
housekeeping."—N. V. Call.
Smilom
quickly run** crush!, cure* colds, -and heal*
the thtbtt a-..' !■!•'*.             C3 cent*
V*\loat    Workere—Brothei*.   fltsier*
and Friends:
Tb* Coopers' Union of Chicago ha*
tried many avennee to reach tbe heart
.»•■»,   r*niit*tmr,i  n-i-%*«■><* Wtttm-Hm* tfnttt*
i toy id Chicago*, bat without tort***
Briefly stated, oor complaint la tbls;
Tb* Coonero' Union eaoallsed Ita aege
•cal* aad It was agr*id to by all bet
one firm, and as a eonseauene* organ-
feed labor tmoeoomt la having all of
should have been thrown down until
ranched by the mala explontoo. Thl*
wss Ue ess* wiib the ftnt left butt
ventilating  door,  probably  b*o*o*e
**»■** «***■*.**  tr**rxpiwttxA  1**ni***W      T"hii tlttTlPI1
surrraadlag this first left IMl *»r
was throwm dowa appareatly by th*
mala *xp»o*k» si though Jt Is not per*
feetly clear trom tb* tlsse records
whether ll but not bav* been thrown
down by the  exploeloa   wbleb
any of its customers to oppose Its't-e nwter tn »b« dlwwHw-t tke eaplo-^td lh« ro*b deet titwltm, tb* frame hmrde trtm lb* toof bt ehetee «* tn
i»iH>.   kee*-* to ascertain  whether j^on wnro   ts   traveling   until   the
tbt* Is a feet, we urge you to appoint fai*, of ibe box mocks two banglM
a domailtt*. ynlenbl,   ot   ladle*, j ban off tbo books, whereupon   tb*
and Interview your grocers with ajfrsiD* (alia, gfontag about tbe tap-
<rl*w ei s-*r*ri*tRtnt bow murh   end* n^t.*, i,n*w« tte »*i» (■■■♦*>m» *ta,. >-t *%■>
bow far they indorse tb* stand of tb**fe«w, t0 «b!eb tbe other two «y« bare
Clim* Baking Powder Compaay  et\ne Mill attache* Tbe bottom board*
Chicago.   Weaee write tbem a 1tm\m not fall wilh th* bog frame, but
lines, urging tbem to oa« union med* inp m fcv imdm.  wbea   tber  sre
tettntn. i caught by awpertfag < bains.   More
fraternally, or ]#•* of tba Asst oa thee* thrive*
Its cli|• tonumnrn withdraw their pat ]TKAM33 t'NION LAUKL MUUL'K, j either fait* *« they «»lag or Is, around frons tb* second butt. In
roast*, and the fim. »o doubt, would If" «. How, Hmetary. *** W. Ws*h.«Wf»ini «ff by the eipkwloti wnr* J *Mktr rase, tbere wes apparent!* «*
huxe ylelditd, but th# <*ii»isw**t Bik-j       Ingtott «»., Chtasgo. !li I With a Hgbt ymnmlmn %i,\*t («*>• j ftdMK roc* dust launched tot*   ***
Ing Powder Compear. **** *•**»! P, S.—We ar* Informed tbat tbettMeraM* dwt amy remain on the fair to oaeneh tba strong exploatoo
tales tbe poeitJo* that an *tnpto)*T Calewet nuking Foader Company l*i*b*imo. able* la* mewiw td t<r>M«c-1 ccnaiag oat of tb* batts.
finding   out   ctrcniars   tajf&g   tb«,uaa agaitMt a   fatlewifta   vipknaimlPtomm ■Ptoenmt bf *
nbnre trouble in aettted*.   Tkte t* aot; w»w I   Tb* piwswars* ae rseorde4 bf tba
unto lbs dbattnat* rongmrir firm *!*>'"" They alw re«a*tt yan to aanty C*al Owet L—iai •eywwd Atrrlert \ttHhtmt tmwmnlern tbowed tbat tl*
*d Un patronage, thus putllaf new l.fe j to F. O. Hop? for reference. This it] Outby both the eoaceafrattd ber-jeifloelen wm a very light one, partljr
Sn»o the wncew   and   severe **ffft- fhe answer rf#t and tte hot barrfert wm- placed'due to the dutt being mixed, att-f pac
has a right u>
i-*tt*a**r.  r*vtM4
gfv« m
to tb*
tfttle
na h*
aad
tha ease of the boa barriers tn order
to retain somi or tha duat for d*lay*d
flass*,
Taffanel terriers
in vi» nm* *%*ir n* it** rirttt-nttt
barrier waa thrown down by tb* ea-
ptoeloa. All rtelvea of th* fflaffhoel
terrier In air cours* were still up and
■till en tha shelve*. Owing to KM
coneentraWd barrier nad bos barrier
baring etoppd tha flam*, tha Tbf*
fanal barrien were aot brought Into
action.
Ceneluslan*
The results ire vnloabl* it showing
Vm ettottitopnm et the eoaeeairstwf
barrier end th« hoi harrier in a wank
nspifleiott* Tattr nastwaa of operation
permits a surer and aware tttcetiv*
•eatteriag of dual tbm doaa the open
ibelf type of birrier to wbleb   tbe
Who is Your
Printer?
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
If you want really high
class prtnting-the kind
we always produce-try
us with ;$iir .next order
I*f District Ledger
HQUAUTY*PMNftitte
Phone 48a   :•:   Pernie, B.C.
i
'£: THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914
PAGE SEVEN
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
Hotel
Wre always welcome here
T =	
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
\
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Fernle-Fort Steele.
Brewing Go., Ltd.
*» ^___
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers ?™B.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break'
faat, s-
C»I.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 68 Wood Strsst
FERNIE, B, C.
■i.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dt-y Goods, Grocorles, Boots and
Shoes, Gents* Furnishings
etmammsBmBimimwmmm^^m^m^m.
baker Avenue
BRANCH AT  HOSMER,  B.C.
Escaping The
War Clouds
Py Harry VA Laidler
Harry W. Laidler, Ph.D., organizing
secretary of the Intercol'.e-gUue Socialist Society and author of "Boycotts an.l the Labor Struggle," has
just returned to this city, after spending an eventful summer in Europe.
He has written the following short
sketch foi the Sunday Call, giving a
lirief account of the efforts of the European Socialists to prevent the catastrophe and the turmoil which resulted when tourists tried to cash
their checks and get out of the war
zone:
. The rapidity with which tha war
clouds gathered was a cause of astonishment even to those who felt that
they had their fingers on the pulsa of
international politics. To the ordinary
traveler it was indeed amazing.
When, after spending a month ln
Great Britain, I visited Holland on
July 25th, the ultimatum to Servia had
just been Issued, Holland mildly discussed possibilities, The proprietors of
a well-known Amsterdam hotel confided that he was thankful that he
lived In Holland, for no matter what
befell, Holland 'would never be
dragged into a war. And when, on
(Monday afternoon, a day before
Austria declared war, I arrived at the
quiet city of The Hague and visited
the Palace of Peace, with its beautiful marble columns, its exquisite
mural paintings, its stained glass windows telling of peace and brotherhood,
donated by various civilized nations of
the globe, it was indeed difficult to
give credence to the rumors of war
which began to be heard on all sides.
On Tuesday I left for Antwerp and
Ghent, and it was jvhile eating dinner near the Gare du Midi in the latter city that the cry "La guerre est
declaree" was heard on all sides. A
half hour after the extras told the
story of the declaration of war Ibetween Austria and Servia.thousand of
genarmes composing the 'Belgium
regiments were seen pouring into the
streets and on toward the armories.
The next day I left for Brussels to attend the great anti-war demonstration
at the Royal Circle, the largest of the
theatres in ..that city, under the auspices of the International Socialist
_Riirgfln,__.ShnriJy—after-7_nMnflk_5,<IQft
men and women, carrying placards
with the    inscription "Guerre   a la
servists..burst into the city from the
surrounding country—small, uncouth
country boys,- some in their early
teens, carrying some scanty belongings or stumbling under the weight of
sacks filled 'with feed for the horses.
German, French, Russian travelers
flocked in tlie rooms of the footel
panic-stricken," while Belgium mothers and wives, whose "men" had been
called from their homes, perhaps
never to. return, wept copiously. Nothing could be heard but the cry of extras, the "honk, honk" of autos taking
soldiers to their destination, the excited talk of many nationalities in the
crowded cafes on the Boulevard du-
Nord/the galloping of cavalry horses,
the whistling of trains loaded with
soldiers and now and then the rumbling of cannon.
Then came the order for a general
mobilization. All Friday night the'conscription officers went swiftly from
house to house calling out the able-
bodied men, giving them but avfew
minutes to dress, to bid farewell to
their families and leave for the front.
The secretary of the American embassy told of an officer in his apartment house, who, called to the front,
and given ten minutes to prepare, resolved-to go to the station "in state,"
no mater what befell him afterward.
He called for his limousine. "Sorry,
Monsieur, out I cannot bring lt," replied his chauffer. "Your limousine,
Monsieur, has been commandeered 'by
the government."
ATellow traveler afterward stated
that he had 'been entertained that
eventful evening until midnight by
some well-to-do Belgium merchants
in their delightful home outside of
Brussels. They played cards throughout the evening and: nothing was said
about- the war or their participation there. In the morning, when
the American awoke, five of the men
had left for the front and only the
grief-stricken women and a decrepit
old man remained. All of the horses,
wagons and autos were taken by the
soldiers and it was* with great difficulty that the traveler managed to
return to the city. A black messenger
of war had knocked on the door that
night and the deserted home showed
that he had done his work well.
Civilisation haa made marked advancement. They formerly killed with
the atone ax; In the early daya of
America they used the bow and ar*
row; nonr they slaughter with machine guns and high explosives.
Homedank»Canada
I
HEAD Officii AMD NNt IPANCtttS M TORONTO
MMII MASON, OeamlMsNwr
BRANOHES AND CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANAOA
You can always teeth want mena? diet is on deposit witb tha Homo
Bank. If you aro out of Town tend beck your passbook, and • cheque
f«r the amount you want—to the Home Bank, The money will bo
returned to you by ntst mall, with your passbook. • ■
tie F. MAODON ALD, Manager
VICTORIA AVIn ** f MRNII   •. O.
u
List of Locals District 18
A '	
. * •• **,        * * *   i * . . ..
»i'" *X\\'.* r* V*b Wtnv ...'... AVm. Mnri*. TnVr, kit*.
29  nahk&Mu!  J". Wbeatley, ikmbbead, KM.
411  Bear** Crook ....J. Loughran. Heaver Crtek. vin Pincher, Akn.
411   BOOetxi* Jam-oa Uurke. Box 36, DoUarue, AIU.
3163   Blalrmor* W. C. Cbrlttopbnrs. Blairmore, Alta.
r,,„   t*...,.t. «r n H.,.-i-*» t»<i«,»».m»..,   -ti*-*
       * * *      ■    . *    '..',"-,w, \l**■•*■*
S22? Cerhondale .3, Mitchell, Cnrbondale. Coloman, Alta.
IM? Canmore Michael Warren, Canmore, AHa.
8433 VoUxnnn J, Johnaton, Coleman. Alu.
2ST7 Corbin.... Goo. Klina, Corbin. 0. C.
,1.» Chinook Mines......... P. Swnnston, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
S3H FeraW .Tbo* Upblll, Fernie, D, C.
If it Frank.   . ... Kv»& M-irgarc, Frank, Alta.
!W»! Hlllm*  Thos. Thomp*on. Hlllcrest, AIU.
IT l t-AMriia-i U Moore, 1731 3«.ca ju-uuuc, N'. LoUihrWiw
1118 ImtStdirtdm Collieries....Fr*r.k lUrrlnthnm, Coalhurst AIU.
tin Mapl* hont. T.u. (Urrte*. Paeeburv, Alta.
*M» Ttlltbei   H. Minor, Michel, B, C,
MS* Panalmni *..*..T. O. Harriot, Paanburt, Alto.
!*2 Tnbtr. A. Pitt-arson, Tiber, AHa.
p*t cw-f.'^'rr;, Cmmor*. .Afitt fftistcr, .ff-Mrjpjtowii. Catunore. AIU,
IMt Drama MlRtt.... .Harry MeKaana, Norton, tie Roeky Moaat.
aln Houft, Albert*.
Guerre" (War Against War) crowded
Into the great hall, and other thousands were turned away. Jean Jaures,
the brilliant orator and statesman
who was assassinated two days later;
Vandervelde, the leader of the Socialist parliamentary forces in 'Belgium;
Kler Hardie, Aglnl of Italn Haase of
Germany, Voelstra of Holland and a
representative from Rusela pleaded
witli rare eloquence for peace and for
International solidarity. Rose Lux-em
berg, who had been imprisoned for
her antl-mllltarisin, was also present.
"Vive la Palx," "A has le guerre,"
were heard on all sides. A great parade around the city, In which thousands of the Belgian workers sang the
"International," followed. The International Socialist Congress was an-
nonuced for Paris on August 9, and
tbe comrades hoped to be able at that
meeting to formulate an effective plan
for averting war. Tlie congress unfortunately did not materialize,
Thursday morning I first noticed
the scarcity of gold and silver coin,
when the proprietor of the hotel found
it Impossible to cash a twenty franc
note and acoured the vicinity for half
an hour for change.  The Bourse had
already closed and   rumor*   of wild
scenes on the exchanges of other capitals In Europe were rift,   Uy Thursday evening notice of a partial mobll
Isatlon was poated.   Friday morning
thousands    of   cithern   ot   Belgium
crowded in the   square   bofore   the
Bank of Belnlum demanding cash for
their bank notes and checks.    The
gendarmes nnd cavalry were tent to
disperse them, and It was from that
moment that the   real   anxiety   and
tragedy began.   I was advised to obtain cash wherever possible.   I managed to exchange a   $10   American
Impress Company chock for a 50 fnnn:
note on the Bank of Belgium.   No-
where outside of th# hotel nt which I
stayed,   however,   eould,  1   obtain
change for this note. In splto of  tho
many proclamations of the minister of
finance urging the free circulation of
paper money and guaranteeing   the
strength of the Belgium financial ays-
tern.  iBiialnasa waa practically at  a
standstill.      Many rettauranU made
*n*e  tlmt   i   t*eatnt*** til ft   atlvm*    nr
told b*tor* tsklnr bla Alitor nrd*r.
Thnt afternoon T waa"apfalclng to'
one of tbe -Socialist members of tbe
Belgium Senate, who waa alao secretary of a newly formed Irrfernntlonal
— i.i.*..,,.   ii    , ,    . .
 H*"      :.,'4....    •;»      '<. ,«*•.,.*,.. .*,............
the atrntegle position held by Belgium
ns a center of international groups.
"Vos," he declared, "Belgulm is, as
s general rule, fortunately located. I
wonder, however, whether you realise
In what a traffic position onr llttln
j country Is at the present time. Sur-i
' rnmidM on nl! nlflpi by 'trout pntrorv
at any tlaiti we way be torn asunder.
I have Jurt been talking with one of
the Cabinet. He gave no encourage
mw. The wnr clouds are becoming
darker hourly snd Ood knoir* what
will bnwtt to onr limit."
By night thing*   took   on a atiti
more serious tone.   Thousand* of r,.
OH""SatuFaay7™AugusT~l, ""Brussels'
realized that the cloud was likely to
burst at any moment. Trains were
bolng commandeered for the carrying
of troops. All of the trains passing
over the frontier to Germany and
those connecting Belgium with Holland and' France through many of the
frontier towns were discontinued. I
boarded, late Saturday afternoon,
what was said to be the last train
from Paris to Holland via Brussels,
and decided to make my headquarters
for a few days in Rotterdam to await
developments, The train pulled out
just as the women of the city were
beginning a tremendous peace demonstration, led by the Socialists, in tlie
Palace du - Brouckere.
Every station on the roads to the
frontier was filled with hundreds of
soldiers awaiting orders; every square
was loaded with cannon; everywhere
one could see the mournful faces of
the nation's mothers.   Thnt. afternoon
the Queen of Holloand had Issued an
order to mobilize the troops of her
country, and when I arrived in Rotterdam, at 9:30 Saturday night, soldiers could he seen at every turning,
and tho whole population, tense with
excitement, seemed to be parading the
streets, watching every bulletin, and
fearing the worst   It was with great
difficulty that I changed some Belgian sliver for Dutch money at 25 per
cent discount, and I was Informed that
paper money was being refused almost universally.   At The Hague, a
few  miles distant,  soldier* outnumbered the civilians and  hotels  and
private f»i»ilIo* were compelled to
entertain froo of chargo, the country's
militia.   lOvon this moat peaceful   of
the countries of the continent seemml
llko a volcano likely to explode any
moment.
London appeared, from » distance,
Mfer thot evfltilng, nnd so I wont to
the office of tho steamship company
and endeavored to obtain pnmn(.'e
frum the HihiK of Holl-iinl to London
vin Harwich. American Express
Counany cliccU were refused. I waa
About to turn away when I remom-
berpd o 110 American bill which I
had neglected to turn    Into foreign
money and this, fortunately, the station agent accepted. The boat had
been under steam all day ready to put
out whenever word was received. No
berths were available. There was
scarcely sitting room. -Scheduled to
leave at 11:30, the vessels finally
swung into the bay at 5 a. m., having
awaited the arrival of 300 weary tourists from* the northern cities of Germany. Many tales of distress were
heard on all sides. Travelers told
how they had been couped up in cars
wilh scarcely room to move all of
the previous night; how for hours at
a time all windows -were closed on
pain of death for fear that some passenger spy would hurl out a stick of
dynamite or that some traveler
would accidentally ignite with a
lighted match or cigar the dynamite
deposited ready for use under certain bridges.
A few thousand youths marched the
streets that day and during the next
few nights raising aloft the banners of
England and France and "booing" in
front of the German embassy, hut the
mass of the population showed no desire to plunge Into the terrible conflict. On Monday a bank holdiay had
■been declared, and money for the
American traveler was made, more
scarce on that account. Tuesday I
stood on line before the American Express Company's office in Hayraarket
for nearly three hours with 500 American compatriots anxious to exchange
tlieir checks for sovereigns. Many ha«i
just arrived from Paris by way of
Dieppe and Xew Haven.
"I spent February and (March
among the American refugees in .Mexico and with the army of Villa," said
Father Malone, a lecturer of New
York and Denver, "and during a.11 of
that time I never experienced anything so grewsome as that trip from
Paris to Dieppe and across the channel. We were packed, 2,500 of us, on
a boat of only 1,000 capacity. We
were unable to move. Tlie sea was at
its worst. Practically every one was
sick. This trip, following the wild
clamor for tickets at Paris, thc hot,
crowded cars, the long waiting on
ship, the inability to obtain proper
food and drink, the excitement incident to the losing of trunk and valises
containing, in many cases, every possession outside of the clothing on
one's bac!>, made the journey a terrible one. The passengers on one of
the succeeding cars reported that they
weTe shot at by French soldiers, wlio(
suspected, a spy being on -hoard."
•By dint of the merest luck I man-
aged to obtain a good passage to fMon-
BADLY
WOUNDED
For severe wounds,
cuts, skin diseases,
eczema and all skin
troubles—for adults or
for children, there is
nothing to equal the
great herbal healer
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
A
.f*8MSS^a^**-'<M*^^^
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K, P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Moiklejohn.
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at S p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
A. MINTON, N. G.
S. TOWNSEND, R. Sec.
£
guardians of the dear people.
Now, although the exportation of
meat has almost ceased, and it might
be reasonably assumed as a consequence that there would be more left
for home consumption, prices have
reached the high points of the luxury scale aud a howl Is going up from
one end of the country to the other
that something be done quickly to
reduce the cost of living.
Observing that in England. Germany^ France, Belgium and other
countries at war the governments
have seized railways, factories, food
supplies, etc., and established maximum prices to prevent greedy capitalists from robbing and starving the
people to death, many of the American newspapers and politicians have
suddenly become imbued with various
"socialistic" notions to pull the teeth
of our own hungry profit-grabbers.
The New York World, for example,
printed a copyrighted editorial one
day last week applying the general
principle referred to above to the
United States navy, and which "is
humbly submitted to the powers that
be or may be."
The World ' declares that South
America would trade with the United
States, but there are no ships for the
trade, and asks:
"Why not turn our troop ships, our
colliers, and our men-of-war, as far as
may be, Into trading ships to help
South America and help ourselves?
Our battleships are steaming around
burning up coal, exercising the men,
anyhow. Why not make the exercise
-USHEUI-4^	
treal on the Tunisian, which was
scheduled to sail a few days later.
The boat was held up by the admiralty for a day, but finally threaded
Its way from Liverpool up the river,
which had been mined against a hostile fleet, and into the Irish channel.
We stopped the next day to obtain
signals from ar. Irish station and a
day later were able again to attach
our wireless. It was rumored that
the captain received orders to go into
the nearest English port, as a German
cruiser„ wus in the vicinity, Thc
nearest English port for hlra was
Quebec, he declared. He continued
his course, pushing about fifty miles
to the north. For two nights ths
lights were put out on deck and tho
port holes were covered. A few Ian
terns nnd candles were all the lights
wo carried. A heavy fog delayed the
vessel some sixteen hours. Icebergs
were sighted the next morning a few
miles from the ship. Finally the
hills of Newfoundland hove Into vlnv,
nnd after a landing at Quebec and
a short stay In Canada, where the
youths are crowding Into tho Royol
Highlanders, the grenadiers and riflemen, I landed In the United State.-*.
No ono who has   not   experienced
Ihe horros oven of the preparations
for war can realize the real situation
from this distance.   No one who has
soon thoso horrors con have any en-
thuslaom for the barbaric game   of
war.    This   Kiiropenn   conflagration
tenchen mnny Irs wis.      It. Indicate*
that it Is well nigh Imposslbl*'    for
tiny nation to be constantly Increasing
Its army and navy and to be supporting thousands whosoi glory depends
upon the waging of war without bringing « pressure to bear upon the gov-
eminent to wage the war whl<h Im j
almost Irrcslstahle.   It shows that soj
long as <n. great* financial nnd  iom*j
mc'H'Inl class rule a   nation,   a diss!
whoso prosperity depends on tin-   ««,-j
-luiMiloii of u«'w    miirkt-u,   •ui.I    Uh*!
securing of    n«*w    outlet*    for    ll*
produt'tK, no long we cannot in-*- safe
from  the ravlabea of wnr,    It Indicates thi» danger of giving power for
war and peace to any autocracy, no
matt«r how «!•>•'.  ■X, V. Call.
Sure—why not. The World knows
why not. The crowd at Washington
are still afraid of the word "social-
Ism," especially when it is hissed vindictively by Big Business—the same
Big Biz that lt voted a billion dollars
with which to "steady the market,"
that Is now loudly clamoring that
dear old Uncle Sam Insure cargoes
of wfleat, flour, meat and other products that are to be transported to
Europe, and that ls always and everlastingly hollering for haijdouts of
one kind or, another from the government.
These plutocratic rascals, and their
myrulds of llttlo pimps, never hesitate to sneer arid ridicule "socialism"
when some common sense proposition
Is suggested to relieve the distress
of the people upon whom thoy parasite.        ,
They and tliolr Hk are an Inhuman,
barbarous, greedy and envious class
of traitors, who deserve no better
fate than to he .marooned on back-
woods fnrnis nnd he compelled io hoc
potators, husk corn nnd tnught to
earn an honest living for the first uui*..•
In their lives. J
Out of all this imitation will conu*. |
we hope,nnd bellovo, an era of toi-1
eriincc and sanity fn which all views
advanced to remdy social conditions!
will bo fairly examined by the Amcr- J
Icnn people, who are beginning to ap. I
preclute tho fact that they have been j
swindled out of their heritage by a
system that iI*.»k|>oI!.<.1 the mnssen for
the honeflt of tho few.—-Uloveland Clt-'
Izen. ;
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Alello's Hull second and third Mondays in
each month.
John Si. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
2^4, meets in the K. P. Hall
-*>■ (ond ami fourth Friday of
each month at S p. m.
iMHS. J. BROOKS, W. M.
VS. OUR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P, Hall first and
third Friday evening ot each
month at 7:30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRIOHTON, W. *M.
J. SKILLING, Rec. Sec.
W'-MMJ-ftfritttfoTwtftXt^^
A. Macnell S. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Bar«sieret-So!icii©rs,—N©tSf5esr-Ete-
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie,, B. C.
** C. Lswe Alex. !. Flshar
LAWE dt FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C
7
SHOOTING SEASON
Commenced Sept. 1
Call and see us before
setting out for your
fall hunting trip
It costs more to keep the workers In j
subjection to their maulers than It •
would. If tlmy wtttn he**, to k-vep them j
In evttry comfort, !
PRACTICAL   WAV    TO
THE   TRUST*"
•BUST
iittiits   .V   lUHh   utm:   o*vl    tt-ttt   *,.*..,l,i „ ,.
Hindu what was iiid.kui> rcgardfd li> ,
the poatar* tbat bt* ?i* *n absmrd or
unique suggestion, vl*.i that, Itmtwidj
of wasting million!* of dollars lu the
KIUIIMII   UtlVenlUrK   Ml    HMllg   tu    im»i
trusts thnt won't b* busted, thej
t'nltert flfaie* govcriitncul utotk the)
lands In the west which I' still po**:
senses witb breeding <,i.t!<», employ j
membera of the r»'«ul;i. »rmy who)
'>••<•• 'illltvs, away ttt* fr ";■ • ,f vnrM-i* '
forts nt   the   useful iwcuimtlon   of)
*'..»! i lil UK   this   Ut.l.U,   u*        **w..ilo». -. |
and storage plant* itt ronvenlent j
points snd b!vc th«- •,<■<■! tr-ntt th**:
anvne dose of medlflr,-" tlint irif\
bunded to th« exprm*« '» i*« |
Of coitrst,', tli tt ( ii's i,i:)»iiiun H.i*'j
uvi-tli a ."•ucUlUv'.i «».»*-*...' u.**; ..!. *k ,
eel-red "no con»ld«r«tion at th#» fcaad*j
of our eminently pmi'M-<«i and ffmirt
ROYAL
HOTEL
nCRMIV
Bar Unexcelled
1!
Everything
Up-to-date
Gat) in and
see us once
mn P0DS1EUNCIK. Prtp.
We have the largest As-
sortment of Rifles, Shot,
jtuu *, /tituiiuiuuon tt camp-
i.ii, --tiiititi.it iu iUc p-non
J. D. QUAIL
Phone .17
FERNIE    .    B.C.
trow* Tina
We off-cr One Hundred ttoilsrs He.
.. -.,.'. :,,, .„./ i.i...  ui i',ii,inu titHt (■»»!•
not be tineil Uy Hull'* Catarrh Core,
I"    I   r'M»'V!-r ,t   (..-*.    •»•   >   .*.,   ,,
XV t>.   ine  «(..1. r.ttM .*•■).   l,-*..<-   iM.-vnti'P,
f''t 1   <♦•>    Ht*   ti   -*«"•»!'»■.   »«!«»   NMI****
'him |>»-ff.»,*iiy iii-Ointnht** In *il 1-niMnftMi
■ tl.VtlV.".. II..H*       .*,*'.}      tU.M,-, U'iv       lit.*..      %t*
.iio  nm mil -tiMlffatfnii* fund,- l.v hit
flu. >
N.vrinXM, tns'K fit* ndHMKrtrR,
Ttttetlt*  rt,
l|.*u* t. f*t*i*}, t'ltre* It. '..Iter, mtrinal*.
* fr    tti'titsf  tllrn'Hr  <>,.....   rt.,*   t > , „»  -,p,f
,.,«,*.,,*,»**«   v,,rtmf*^m   ttt   trutt  wv.tfftt      *T***
iim«.,»»»-si* pMit fi**,   t'tlt* IS .rents Pet
iboittt..   nt*tn hr nil rtrettttt.il* ^
Tnkt* ir.i*JV  r.ifhl •   f•llf* »,.r  i until.
r>»tlurt.
,ym HwMpgyw..jyyiv,1SJi^.,.***",y.-'^ »..".>ia..*i.%w.jvi... ■^■^w'*i;i'wy^rti/^.;'.e"*">■'*
P^pr^-IPip!^
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, PEBNS3,  B. 0., SEPTEMBER 26,1814
V
UNDERWEAR & FOOTWEAR BARGAINS
Specials in Footwear
BOYS' AND YOUTHS' FOOTWEAR
High out boots, with buek'les and straps in boys',
youths' and child's sizes. Made in heavy and light
leathers, suitable for all kinds of weather. Heavy
c-rome and elk leather for wet days, and box calf
and vici kid for fine davs.
Child's sizes, 5 to 7V2, prices $1.75 to $2.25
Little gents' sizes, 8 to lOi/o, prices. .$2.25 to $3.65
Youths' sizes, 11 to 13, prices $3.00 to $3.75
Boys' sizes, 1 -to 5, prices $4.25 to $4.75
MEN'S HEAVY FLANNEL AND WOOL SHIKTS
The season is rapidly advancing when you will
need a heavier working shirt. Our fall and whiter stock of this line is complete in all wool, heavy
flannel, in different colors and long and short
inackinaws in combinations colors.
SPECIAL SHIRT SALE
Travelers' samples at cost prices. Here is an
opportunity to procure a good shirt at a genuine
bargain. Any shirt will be sold at the stamped
wholesale price.
See Window Display
Specials in  Fall and Winter
Goods For Ladies & Children
BLANKET CLOTH, 54 IN. WIDE, $1.25 PER YD.
All wool and extra heavy.   Specially suited for
ladies' and children's coats.    Comes in cardinal,
scarlet, royal blue, navy and white. Per yard, $1.25
EIDERDOWN WRAPPERETTES
A soft, fleecy finish, just the thing for a dressing gown or kimono. These come in plain and reversible designs and are fast washing colors.
CHILDREN'S COATS
Our display of children's coats is very extensive
and contains the very newest designs'and materials.   You will be very agreeably suprised at the
■   - .-V.—sK—«*''
*«?fe5Mfe^    r_X
j.'      .    'JH    "v.     .r    *       ,j.^.
I
*
price; they come in mackinaw plaid, reversible coating and plaip blanket cloth. Arranging in sizes
6.14.   Prices from $4.50 to $12.50
LADIES' PETTICOATS
Made of satin, cotton back; the best value offered. Narrow pleated flounce; comes in shades of
paddy green, Copenhagen, cerise, navy and tango.
Special price  $1.96
KIMONO VELOURS, 25c
Extra heavy weight and fast colors. A big
range of pretty and exclusive designs to select
from.
NEW COATINGS FOR FALL AND WINTER
WEAR
58 inches wide and extra heavy..,' A splendid assortment of exclusive colorings to choose from.
Prices from $2.25 to $3.25 per yard.
FALL SHOWING OF CHILDREN'S FELT AND
CLOTH HATS
The largest assortment we have ever shown, very
neat and attractive styles and colors. Boys and
girls alike can easily be suited to any of these hats.
Prices ranging from  .65c to $2.75
See Widow Display
Grocery Specials
For Saturday
Liquid Ammonia, pts, 2 for $ ,25
Liquid Blue, 2 for 25
Gold Standard Baking Powder*^ 16 oz 20
Mixed Biscuits, 2 lb     .25
Laurentia Milk, 20 oz, 3 for 25
Quaker Oats, 5 lb. pkg 25
Robin Hood Oats, 5 lb. pkg 25
Lowney's Cocoa, 1-2 lb. tin 20
Peaches,.2 lb. tin, 2 for 35
Pineapple, 2 lb. tins, 2 for... 35
Little Herring, in sauce, 2 for    .25
Red Seal Jam, 5 lb. pails 45
Lemonade Powder, large tin.... 20
Lemonade Powder, small tin 10
Campbell's Assorted Soups, 2 for    .21)
Clarke's Assorted Soups, 2 for 25
Lyle's English Syrup, 2 tins 35
Silver Sheaf Maple Syrup, qts.............!.   .40
Imperial Maple Syrup,* 1-2 gallon...........    .55
Cabbage, per lb..; 02
Onions, 101b   , 25
'*ii
House Cleaning Time f
25. per cent discount \
on all wall papers    j
Money Sav-
Hng-Priees—
V
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
■4
FERNIE JOTTINGS
Con  Reece, Weat Fernie,  taxidermist   Write Box 9. Fernie, B. C.
The Orpheum,.the house of big features and good comedy.
The capitalist gets the glory, the
worker, the gory. There's only a little "—'1" of a difference.
The Orpheum, tbe home of tbe Keystone comedy,
Mrs. H. Hlndllne and daughter left
tbls week on a visit to ber parents,
Mr. and Mrs. R, Gordon of Revelstoke.
Judging by the glowworm lights visible on the higher ranges ot tbe mountain slope* on either side of the valley, n number of our local NImroda
are practising the "Excelsior" stunt.
B. R. de iMouilpled, formerly manager for A. Macdonald * Co. here, but
now of Saskatoon, spent Tuesday saying "Howdy" to hts many frlenda,
leaving on Wednesday's taatbouod.
A little boy once asked bis father,
"What colored m'.lk dots a bhf.k con
give?" To Judge by some of the lac
fesl fluid ield in Pernie, there might
bt tome "blue" bovlnea In the neighborhood.
Meet "Our .Mutual Olrl." at tht Or-
phoum, Friday and Saturday, and we
tht great, fashion display on living
models.
Tht many friends of Deaconess
Sutherland will be glad to learn that
ab* ts under appointment to serve to
connection witb Knox church for tke
coming witter. She wu) bogle work
here Mil week.
L08T
On Wednesday morning, September
23rd, from Phillips' ranch, a milch
cow, 5 years old; red and white;
brand horseshoe, on left hip; horn tips
cut; four feet of rope tied to horns.
Any person, finding and reporting
same to D. E. Phillips, box 504, or
Provincial police, will be rewarded.
CITY OF FERNIE
TENDERS WANTKD
Sealed tenders will be received by
tbe undersigned for running the City
Ambulance for one year from October
1st, A. D. 1914.
Said tenders to be delivered oa or
before September 31st, 1&14.
A copy of the agreement wblch the
party whose tender is accepted, win
bt required to enter Into, nay be
seen at the City Office,, Pernio, B. C.
Tht lowest or any tender not neces-
sarily accepted.
Dated at tbe City Office Pernio, B.
C, September Ittb, 1914.
ARTHUR J. MOFPAW.
City Clerk.
KNOX CHURCH, SBRfIMlfR 27TH
11 a. m„ Children's Rally p»y. ftkn
program ii so arranged that tht child-
ren can Uke part In tht aerviee, IM u*
til become children for thle atrvi-ft,
and let every child be out. Ale* In
tbt basement at 10:45. At 7:So p. ex.,
"Tbe Labor Class, Who Compost It."
A cordial invitation to all. W. Jf. Mac.
Qoarrle, tl. A„ Minister.
Mr. J. I*. Westman of Calgary, *
specialist in tbo work of .Sunday
schools and young people'* »tocl«U##.
It to spend five daya la Pernio, froas
octoorr 1st to Ma, in conducting wfeat
ku mite *m ani-jniau-jik** -.aiu^m.ku tor
Um atedy of local and related world
problems Tbtrt «11t bt onmtm
oaeh -evening during that tint In tbt
Methodist church nod all are eonUally
Mtvttee to eilted.
"Htr Fighting Chaw*." the big aa-
elety drama, at tht Orphean, Friday
Md Saturday. A story with domettic
mobility It tbt balance.
NOTICE
My wife, Margtrtrt EagJJsh, having
Mt my bed and board. I wiil at* ht
lYtpHkaitite for any debts contracted
hy htr trom date tf thtt ae-tlet
tV,p%*d\
XitUEtl Af.PTOT ILNUUAll.
dU**AAiMlkAt tthaa-£   AimttM
•epecenar im, tela.
"NICK" THACHUK lURNT OUT AT
CANMORf
The many friends of jf. Thachuk wilt
learn with regret ihat be hat had the
misfortune to bt burotd out «*-»»•
pltttly at Canmore.
Sou* two months at* Mr. Thacbak
went to Canwfwe sM otr***nA «» **o*tt
there, aad wat dolnt a ewnaMtrehta
traatataa, being well-heown *t thtt
camp. Tht store was wtu stocked
•ith ta up-to-date stack «t laecetaa-
dist. hat ht will be tht later by to*t
tbtniMnds. s* ***** boob n-ntl term*
wat consumed by tht fire. Tkt tttf.
mated damage is IS.***, peitly term
ed by insurance.
At tht Umo ot tno tin, ht was battd.
Ing an addition to the store, which
waa kaowa as tht -Mia'rs' pr-ovidta!
Company,
Tit fire e-eeamd em tht monrfag
of tbe llib, wb»« Mr T>Mck«*k «** la
Calgary .aad ht received tne naw*
<*%** be mnn la bel at «a box-tl«« llit
same day.
Hit nsaay frteadt estead bias thtlr
sympathy tad MM that tit loefl will
not k* en nerttrn* tt 1* at present
tbrteteta
COMMUNICATED
Haydock. St. Helens, Lane, Eng.,
Sopt. 7tb, 1914.
Editor Ledger, Fernie: *»
Dear Sir:—Perispa the people of
Pernio would like to hear of thote glo-
rloua liberties and the freedom which
we are supposed to enjoy in "dear Old
England." Every Britisher It being
worked up by the capitalist press and
believes that th© present war waa
caused through the Kaiser, also bt la
ltd to Relieve certain murderous atrocities have been committed by the
German soldiers. Big firms here are
discharging young men of army age,
19 to tt, and they art forced to starve
or Join tbe army. This, means, air.
Editor, that tbe monled claaa who
havo aomethlng to fight for. art getting out of It, whereat, if wt had conscription they would have to go, along
with tbe poor classes, who are now
forced to go. All the Labor Party and
their "leaders" are recruiting and also
making It compulsory to hava a certain amount deducted from thtlr
mtmbtrs' "wages", therabf playing
right into tht real enemies' hands.
Most of Utt recruits are captured"
after closing tlmt, whan thty art
sprung.
Ona of the manegera of a mine here
addressed a meeting of patriots and
pointed out that suoh a sturdy ttt ef
mtn aa tbt miners were nttdtd at
tht front. Ntxt day a depoUttoa or
tht taut miners went to tta him, and
ht called thaw a set of "lasy malign-
tra." so yoa must agree with me, Mr.
Bditor that tome good mast «om# oat
of thtt war. It seems tbat Blatchford
has beeo tough! over, for ha ia call-
lag' "Totm*"'
That* art many rumors regarding
Conrad* Lelbneebt, hat I aai afraid
tha worst haa happeatd; tat ht was
trn# to bf* class. Tht cltrgy are
praying tor final victory over Christ-
laaa who believe la tba aame Ood at
it, * *« -      • • •   -
»«.A*.*4..ij„ . ~9,,9 tt**., ***** *v«.m»w<
ftpT^np Vttbkbb uortj.p, v\,ji,\i j tUw'J
credit, At the lattnutkoal Coagiwt*
bald la Europe it wta decided tbat
CMnwaa aad Bagllsh ailatrs shoald
"down tools* In eaaa of war. We
»..-.i n/*.i* *.**** ».***• 9.*.**.*-.}, n+i
mppem tht Otnata aMntr baa hit
tools do«n. whilst tba Bullish leaders
ana recruiting aid lavylng oa thtlr
members. Wbat a »«* It Is!
I reataia yaar eoairad*.
■IAMIBB ASttpmyt
danger to hunters and pleasure seekers which I complain of. If a person
got Into one of these bear traps lt
would either mean the loss ot a limb
or his life, through blood- poisoning.
If Ihis practice is not discontinued I
shall be in the painful position of having to lay information with the game
warden, not for other people's aaftty
alone, but tor my;own protection.
Trusting thia wJH bb tufficient warning to tbe offenders, I am, respectfully yours, PATHFINDBR.
GOVERNMENT ACCEPTS
GIFT FROM NEIL80N
Sixty-five Thousand Chocolate
Oolng tt Valcartier
Bars
TORONTO, Sept 28.—William Mall-
son. Limited, Toronto, offered to tup-
ply tht government with 65,000 bars
of cboclatt for use In whatever manner tht government ahould choose.
Thia offer bat beta gratefully accepted by tba Minister of Mllltla, Col.
Sam Hughet. aad tha chocolatt la to
ba ahlpptd to Valcartlar, and from
thtrt will ba transhipped with tba
Canadian commissariat to Burope.
Tht several hundred members of
Ott ataff ol Wlllitm «N'tilton, limited,
bart also donated ont full day't pay
to the Canadian Rod Croat Fund.
Realities of War
ILUIOAL tIAR TRAPPING
To tba BdNtr Oh«rt*t l*dgt«r;
IMar Mr. VMtor: It baa com* to my
kaaa-kdge tbat cailala »*rsoas mtiktn
tht vtctatty td thmto art ascag btoi
ttoon aad datr soar as. I da nm kmonr
tt thtta perseaa ara aaare that tr*rv i
mt t* prohtbited soaU of tb* r p.l
It or wot, aor dof eara, bat ft is the'
COALWAOE  INCRBAIE  IN   BNC-
LANO
Judge Amtfilett In hit capscltr at
chairman of tba Joint Dittrict Board
for West Yorkshire, acting undor the
provisions of tha coal Matt (mini,
mum wagt) ael, 1913, baa given bla
award upon tha application to vary
tbt dittrict rultt and mlalmum rattt
of wages, wMeh wtrt dttoraiatd a^
oa two yaara aft.
OsaertTly ipeakltg. tba amended
rattt give aa advaaca af id it canto)
par day ta all workmen em tt yaara
of agt, atetptrn* those engaged In
gnlnsttr mlnen, and Id (1 ctnta) a day
to boye, again nclodlag tba galaattr
■mut.*,*. li, tm. *t tm* i vtmmotte ntnttru
Hu'Ti- li iui3/ mh* #i)jwtii_ wiw, «to*«M9:
the nam n*_r4 melt* no ebnnm le
tbt eoadlttaa ot tbt mm aad haye aaa-1
ploj-ad tbara.
tn tbt eastern aoMWIslon auaMfltd
4nm«»» **«*»* «Mt * mmuomot wmi * tw-
etiva ti.W par day: tiammtrs aai
fllltra Il.d4: laadlag by-vrortaWM (It
mkatHaa     mtf     m_M_%      %\\aOAm mh       —-^-       - mt* , ^__,,_)\_*im
momrt* ov ptt doi torn or tsaarwrna
latrastad with saptrtataadtoea),
IIJM; all other workmeo atar tl,
•f.»r »wy« ft fn fH% ynnn, TOc te
91.11
Rattt (a tbe '.vcite-ru subltvlaiuu Iu
tha aaam daaaaa win ha. laaaattltatr.
tut, tun. ti.it, tilt. Mi tar bayt,
tte te tl»7.-Cot»iml Rylngtoa. Load*
■tA     /I^aI     ^^m^JO    -tPba*^^****,     ^att.,... .... 9-^. i9 -^- ->.     ^^mtJt     tll^^uklft
ta oeai aaa cawa Optra tar ana fm
Mi
Itt,
144
NEW YORK, Sept. 23.—The American publishes the following from its
torrespondent:
"Behind the Allies' Lines, France,
Sept 21.—I climb from the hollow In
in which Barcy rests and reach the
edge of the plain, critt-croiatd by
German trenches. A terrible yet su*b-
lime spectacle ls presented. The vast
plain la Uttered with corpses. Hundreds and hundredt of bodlea He on
the ground at far as tha eye can
reach. Hundreds of them all fell In
one direction, like grass cut by a
scythe. Death haa overtaken them In
tbe furous ruth of an assault All
lit with limbs extended aad facta forward.
"Thtrt Is potent, moving significance in this position of tht dead. It
rtlttts, reveals, describes.
"It It htrt that an Impetuous, unyielding battle bat taken place. In
tht Immobility of dtath thtrt It a terrible eloquence. The bodies ara alt
pointing toward tha enemy, beede
foremost. A single thought, a single
impulse, a slngls desire united thttt
mtn In the last momtntt of lift. There
it still an txprtstloa of rloltact and
impetuous dssh la this fallen throng.
Taken singly tbey ara horrible. Taken
all together these bodies aaam to
have Indescribable and fabulous life
aad If at lba sight of tbla sleagbtar
one (tela a ware of emotion It la set
caused by pity, but hy enthutlatm.
Htrtte Who Never Dla
"1 think of tbe Japanese ltgtn£ of
berate who never tit; whan their
bedtot fail tht araltUadt af Ibeir aoatt
eeatlaat tbt atattdt. Semttklag of
eaeb dtath, toamthlng iavWhle aad
prodigfoet amtt bave happened here.
FWtilWy they were fresh troops. Tbt
uniform* seen new. Blue coats with
tba skirts taraod beck dieetoee tbt
Charge Ended Oerman Fire
•IThe assault began at a distance
of 700 and 800 yards from the flrtt
lineof German trenches. It Is possible to follow its oourse and reconstruct It. Insensible to losses, yelling
masses of Frenchmen advanced at tbe
double under an Infernal fire.
"German shrapnel had kindled piles
of straw, the remains ot which ware
still smoking, but tbe German artillery
fire mutt have been reduced to silence
almost Immediately. At S00 yards
from tht trenches there are no more
corpses, tbe enemy had fled.
"One crosses this empty space and
meets tbe dead again, but there they
ara all Oerman, Along tbe edgea
of Charobray road tht whole episode
of a hand to hand ttruggle It ntrrattd
by corpses. An isolated group of Otr-
mam bad made a rampart on tha toad*
aide and remained there fighting.
They held out at long aa tbey could.
The laat of the dead Frenchmen la
three yards from tbla spot Then tbt
assault pasttd on. Pitrctd by bay-
fatta every Germaa fell witb faU back
against the Improvised parapats.
Combat Oeeeerate, Swift
"Twitted bavoneta and broken riflee
tbat remain bare apeak of a twin,
fltree, dttptrate combat Tbe Germane foil in email tqoada,
"A group of eorpttt lie aroand tbt
body of aa officer.
"The retreat wat protected by the
successive sacrifices of little rom-
panies.
"Hew tha dead reembled eaeb
other! Thty eta only bt ditUagwltbtd
by their eat/anas. Oa tba grated
Frtocb aad Ceramet ara tba aeatt.
Racial characteristics vaaiab btaaath
tha cruel mask of death. Tbt txprt»
tion of tba ttet la tba aame.
'Tn the tttrnai truce of death then
It a tpteita of flaterally httwaea Cal-
corps to look after them. The French
made prisoners of the wounded and
of their nurses, doctors and dispensers, who maintain their ranks and authority, and all these form a little
German organization which continues
to act automatically in the midst of
the French army, isolated and Imperturbable with Ita rigid ealutea and imperious commands, just as if nothing
bad happened.
Clott Pursuit Impossible
"The retrtat contlnutt undtr the
protection ot heavy artillery placed
In the rear guard, and eo It Is still
proceeding. Close pursuit Is impoe-
tible. Action of pursuing cavalry ia
out of the oueetlon. Maneuvering la
necessary. Batteries must bt turned.
The German infantry it out of reach.
Gaps are made In the German ranks
and small bodlea of troops are captured, but at a whole (be army keopi
Intact  Defeat ia aot yet
"The Anglo-French victory might ba
compared with tht Japaaase victory
at Uao-yaung, where tbt RuttUat rt>
Urti without losing ettactlventt*.
Thtrt are euccetefol battle whicb do
aot finish. Tht victory tt gnat but
it eannot ht mort than a mafatfbrtnt
preface to tbt aad.
"Uter. All reads lead to the frost
aad all roads are Jammed wWt aa la*
terminable array of eoovoya aad eav.
airy escorts.
tot tend, dry tlfawee*
or write Uveas, Cedar Valley.
.a*. ** „9,t, 9,m9u.9*99-Mt ttvmmai* **ntm
Ir. vpn tifar ty U«i' uiwigi Qm iim-
cloua color aad lapredtat aai fay
bee.
"Tba asttoaal aymbel af red amtt
have tamed a flaming, trembling line
-u* *.*» mm n**** ** xwo siDi»ai -en wo*
men. Xttrty all tba ilil Ha wltt
their facet oa er la tba croeed. hav.
lag beea hit la tbt keadef araaat
All bare thote strange, taheaua.
gtatattaaa, tteltttr tttKadet to wbleb
tbef won rm^emnod bf fimtk on tbo
bettltfltta.
"**•» ** ttin wtmSti UA tlm td
eetOe tbeaw^lrw aai aaietly await
tbe ead. Tb»y appear ta tm aleialag.
ts^gaa  mbmmitbJt  ^^m    jada -j_m_t__tt_^_*_, _^_^^^j^  ^^^^.^^^^
*m ■!■■« tm, or wwetr aaew oarpee
la * tfOe wkleb escaped front   tba
gr»* af th* fsMag nut ra
t/bitrtim fn tif* bmin Wleo Jcath.
fiat aaaaddeely et ta
maeete rigid.
"Hook iiantut*. *iotpm km a nooe-
tick oa «t hack It it irrepteeebaMe
•««gb tor tmteette*. Cbrtrtdgt
battfatti toalpmtat of an mtb,
rolltd la test caavaa, evarytblac   It
W^^P» MM'-Mf flvil-Mt     tmm
to farm aa mtegral put af lit
body. Kvea tba tpUied MmI re-
malts oa tbt head.
-Nottlag eraatee ttt ftrttslia at
a nxsttd tnay. tt tbt Teootb mmm
rnvtnMd tke trreattktlkte toy of U»
•MMI tbt Otrmta dtad «aalay te-
Jer wl iltulplim. Tbt Oaiama arasy
it baa«m 'bat tat famed, ft tettrod
ftMnF bat asetbvlfcafly. oat taatat-
fng etttfrkt. K withdraw wftb harry
bet not with eeafartoii. ft
"TTist'lti was males ttt ti
■ ■ seals t. bat w«b tbem H mt
beblad wbolt eectloat of ftt botpfrnt
ReenllUng and drilliag la ceaaee-
Uoa with tba ittth Infsntry Retfrneat
la being carried ot aigbUy at tbt
drill ball aad ao difficulty is betaf rn*
perteneed (a cbUialng an? WaaUty
ofvolonteera A cUaa of lattraotloe
far tbe ofTlcers Is being csmmmieid
la tbt atar future.
Tba police commlssleaen held a
mutt ta Meaday aad dedeei to
doae ap all pool reome at 11 oVdoek
oa Seterdey night* aad rtaala eloaad
attii un, Monday morning- Tht
my pouca wtrt tlso tattractod tt
thtt^a*., ,  i* ■--..- -   ■ ..'*
,„  *. ,   ........ ,_,t ttqiieut, tan,,min imp**"
tntite/n* ttnil tutte ilrnntlr -aipHMn'i-
shoold tbr btm PS gsmbUa* bt
breagbt to tbelr aaUea.
U. Oat Mttbay Jeamyod ti Mlchtl
•a Mewday evening os bAaJf af tit
■a.*.*..*.***, ■»* mm ittia totaawr Jiaa>
imeat Oee eomyaay has btaa anettod
tt Ofiebet aai Dr. Oiadwia tr tSemb
me eppotettd catuta tt oommaad
tkt Mkbel compaay. Wity-flve awe
Mllstedea Meaday evaalacwbaa tbe
eentfo- rntk wtw optued for aaHat-
■eat. aad emagemeau arw betag
ttxit^o tot coBtpaoy b<uufayuwters. t'be
■sbakaks af Mtobtn jt va a halt ia tho
I tk O. 9. m te tmm et tba a»
«MHb' mm rn tmm m*m m
&mamw^| g^nm^^^^ ^mm^^JA^jp ...
■■^mmm ■mnAm*mtwm w*WWmW%to
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