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The District Ledger Mar 7, 1919

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OWNED, CONTROLLED, PUBLISHED. BY DISTRICT 18,U. M. Wof A.
VOL. 1, NO. 30.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,
March 7, 1919
17
^L
Printed by Union Labor
***:
?r
■ i
Sensational Charges Made
Against Crows Nest Pass
Coal Co. Before Reconstruction Committee
The reconstruction committee for
lhe Fernie district met in Uie council
chambers on Wednesday afternoon.
The alien . deportation question woe
discussed but the greater portion of
the time was spent in consideration
Of a resolution which at the previous
meeting had been presented by Glad-
atone Local.
Secretary Martin, of the local, who
is also a member of the reconstruction
committee said he had sent the siiuo
tho Federal and Provincial Houses
went ou record of being in favor of
expropriating all lands now held out
of use,
."NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that this body call tho attention of the -Government of Canada,
and the Reconstruction Committee of
the Fernie District to the foregoing
facts, ond urge that immediate steps
be taken by the Government of the
Province of British Columbia taking
resolution to tho government St Vic-, over the Coal Lands now occupied by
torla and received the following re
Ply:-.
Victoria, 25th Feb., 1919.
Henry iMarttn, Esq.,
Sec'y Gladstone Local Union,
Fernie, b.C.
Dear Sir:—
Yours af the 17th inst. to the
Honorable the Premier, containing
copy of resolution passed l." Gladstone Local X'nion with reference to
the Crow's Xest Pass Coal Field,
has been placed before me.
In acknpwlodging same may say
that tho subject matter of the said
resolution has been noted and that
tho recommendation contained
therein will have ntf careful consld-
atlou,
I am,
Yours faithfully,
Wm. Sloan,
Minister of Mines.
, The resolution as submitted for the
approval of the committee and which
had been -forwarded to the fiovernnnent
was as follows:—
"WHEREAS the industrial condition*? In the Crows Nest Pass have In
tbe past been unsettled owing to abnormal conditions, which we consider
bave been menacing the lives of the
workors
"AND WHEREAS owing to Bitch conditions together with the Influenza
epidemic, which caused great suffering ond hardship, having absolutely    ___
y—wsrteer-f-fOiii- uSTtagT^^fi^^OEFit^5i*liW"*OTed"o_n
set aside any portion of his earnings
to meet unforeseen" contingencies,
"ANO WHEREAS the purchasing
power of the dollar is reduced to forty-
three cent*, all supposed war bonuses
to meet the high cost of living bare
become Inadequate and futile,
"AND WHEREAS two hundred
thousand acres,ot the most valuable
coal lands In British Columbia, containing more coal, according to scientific investigation, tban the combined
fields of Great Britain. Franeo and Bel-
glum, are exclusively held by the
Crows Nest Pass Coal Company, which
operates only a small portion of the
coal field, and carries on this operation under tbe control of alien corporation,
"AND WHEREAS the holding back
pt thn development of the lands of
tbe Crows Nost Pass Coal Company
has resulted In enforced Idleness and
all corporations with a view of more
extensive development of the same
in the interest? of tbe people as a
whole, Hnd not in the interests of
alien corporations, and that the Government of the Province of British
Columbia tako necessary action at
once towards affording relief to those
who are deprived of the opportunity
to work, in a field so rich "in natural
resources, and who are already feeling the pinch of destitution.
(Signed) Wm. Robson,
Thos Crellln
Hy. Martin, Sec'y.
Chairman Bonnallie expressed the
opinion that to take up such matters
would interfere with the work for
which the reconstruction committee
had been organized, that of doing
something towards providing employ-
ment for the returned soldiers.
Secretary ilartin urged that the
resolution was right to the point and
suggested a practical solution.
S. Herchmer, referring to the authority of the Winnipeg iTrlbune.as
quoted in the resolution said: "Politically the Winnipeg Tribune never
told the truth in its life." He also
said it was none of the committee's
business to arbitrarily set a price on
the lands of the Crows Nest Pass
Coal Co.
R. M. Young, secretary; of the Crows
Nest Pass Coal Company.-conRidered
Western Conference
of Labor at CalgarJ
In The Coming Week
EDMONTON, iMarch 5.—The Trades
and Labor Council of Edmonton has
elected a strong delegation to tho
Western Labor Conference which
meets in Ciliary next week. The following resolution has been unanimously passed and will be presented to the
conference and another along similar
lines is said to be coming from Saskatchewan delegates. . Advices received here show that there will be
fifty delegates from* Manitoba, about
twenty-five from" Saskatchewan, fifty
from Alberta and thirty from British
Columbia, The resolution to be submitted from Edmonton reads:—
"WHEREAS certain oppressive Or-
ders-in council have been passed interfering with the freedom of speech,
curtailing the liberty- of the press,
making illegal the production, possession, and -circulation of great quantities of literature, and withdrawing
from offenders in such cases the ancient and valued right of trial by jury;
and *.."'■'..
WiHBREL\S, the aforesaid Orders-in-
Council were passed during hostilities
which have now ceased; a recognition
of these changed conditions by the
Canadiijn Government is to be found
in-, the present demobilization o'f the
Expeditionary Forces; and
WHEREAS, a number of persons,
including J. It. Lewis, a railway mail
clerk of Saskatoon, Sask., have been
tried for offences against tbe aforesaid oppressive Orders-inCouncil, and
have been convicted without trial by-
jury, and in some cases have been
sentenced to long terms in Penitentiary, such sentences being excessive,
cruel and, unnecessary persecution;
and
WHEREAS, freedom of thought,
speech, and press is essential to Canadian liberty, and its attempted suppression in times of peace is a tyrannical act of a serious and danger-
ous character.
BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED,
That we demand of the Government the
repeal of all Orders-inCouncil that In
any way encroach upon the freedom of
speech, and the liberty of the press,
Joint Meeting On Sunday lo
Discos The Deportation
Of Enemy Aliens
On Sunda evenlnjr there is lo he
a meajting v., the council chambers at
the city hall of.the reconstruction committee, the city council anil the O.W.V.
A, The purpose-of the meeting as outlined in a resolution passed by the reconstruction committee is to frame
"a stif fer resolution" in regard to the:
deputation of enemy aliens. In the
meantime a petition is bsing circulated around the city which aBiu for
the immediate deportation of "all enemy aliens." It is receiving many signatures but a considerable number
are refusing to add iheir namea to the
list.
About three weeks ago the city
council received tt coiSy of a resolution passed by. the Vancouver city
council in regard to deportation.
Thero was much hjtsiuess before the
council and the resolution was tabled
to be taken up later. The Fernie
Free Press maliciously misquoted
Mayor Uphill in this connection and
as Secretary Warrick, of the G.W.V.A.
told the reconstruction committee:
"based on what appeared in the Free
Press"the returned' men drew up a
resolution condemning the inaction o£
the -mayor and city council and sent a
delegation to the last council meeting
lo insist lhat tho resolution from Vancouver he endorsed. The council did
not endorse the resolution in its entirety and .Mayor Uphill, as a mfcmuer
of the reconstruction committee, explained why they did not do so and
pointed out tho dangers ot* the situation in a city with so many foreigners
as there are in Fernie. Chairman Bon-
iiallie, of the reconstruction committee, expressed tho belief tftat a joint
meeting of the three bodies mentioned
above should be able to frame a resolution which would meet with the universal aproval of all citizens and suggested that such a meeting would be
held. President Moffatt, of the G.W.
VA and Mayor Uphill, both of whom
are members of the reconstruction
committee agreed to the Joint meeting.
The, difference, of opinion centers
arouu'd the question of whether natives of Germany, Austria and other
enemy countries should be deported
or only those who "by word or action
have shown themselves to be undesirable."
Fernie Sporting
Notes
the resolution.aa submitted too vague land Veto right of trlay^jj^^and
Increased suffering on the psrt qf f.      .,, ^u nroduco
(treat number of cltlsens and resident! co";,l "., J..   . _!
great number
or this district, and In consequence
thereby, increasing the rebelliousness
or many, and encouraging the growth
or a reeling which might prove danger-
ous,
"AND WHEREAS Ihe Crow* Neist
fact Tho rlglit of the title of the
lands of the Crows Nost Pass Coal
Company had been settled by the
Privy Council and that body was not
ono which bad the reputation of lending itself to "steals." Referring to the
price charged local consumers for
coal. Mr. Young pointed out that It was
only ordinary business that tbe large
coMunier should get an advantage.
He denied that the Crows Nest Pass
company was an alien corporation.
It was a body operating under a Dominion charter and tbat was more
than Gladstone Local could claim. The
company did not havo control of Ub
stock and could not help It If a majority of that stock wns sold In another
country than the Dominion of Canada.
In regard to development Mr. Young
said tbe company had spent six millions and over in development' and
could not now find markets for the
Peculiar Agreement of Nova
Scotia Miners With
.M.W.ofA.
(By A Nova Scotian Abroad)
Readers of The District Ledger, at
least thoso of them who pay per capita
tax to the United Mine Workers of
America, will be) interested to learn
that the miners of Nova Scotia have
received permission to becomte connected with the big international organization with headquarters" at   In-
Mayor Uphill suggested tbat all unimproved lands should be taxed at
full value as a solution of the problem and for the providing of employment. "There I* nothing worse than
rnforr&d   Idlonosa   to   breed   disteon-
ft« &1 G^ charge. «U M|™\g^&^&?\XZ
IttdUHtrlee. buslnees men and all cltl- n*«l leil maj W *« ™ "f "J
tenn, a price nt least 76 per <«nt high-1 r clout ™»««™   '» <*«»fo tfJ UKii>
ur tor coal than that charged by th*?m I .inciter, feed and clomp tin,
S ihe %£o «W«tio« Khlch they   .. *, C. U« wa« of th.opton   hat
to the alien corporation
sre controlled, and thereby forfeit*
!<•* t*-H!tn in th<? support of th* Wtlaenn
of this dittrict. ,■        _,
"AND Wil mWAS the Isnd* of th«
Craws N'ost Van Conl Compnny were
««iulrMt nnder que*tloB*ble proceed-
nre, which led to the tren*artlon toe-
ing publicly referred to, all over £nn-»
ada, ;■», the "Crow* Nest P»s* Cost
Und St**!." (9m Winnipeg Tribune,
In IVrfsmbfr 1!WM
"AND WBifiJREAS th* rew»n«tru<*.
• Un j ••"*,'   ff *\i* <*n'r«"*'Hii'.nf nf ftrlt
I*h Columbia and ot th* flovornmen*
of the «omlnl»n of Canada! nr* In favor of wttendiMg Un **-.*>ffe *,i labor.
and or pretenttrs further unemployment,
••ANO WHRI1BA8 th« Members for
the statements mado by Gladstone
Local Union should he supported by
evident* and twss-rMHI tbat Secretary
Martin bo aakwt to furnish auch evl-
drnee s« a fntwre mwtlnfr.
Secretary ftJartln said he would be
plMHcd vt briPR H ytwt* *ftT *)'*r>'
claim mad* but It would tako a Ions
ttme to prtwent the™ prmtn and If
the wmmlttM would arrange for tx
apK-ftnl meotmt aiw! gt*-e htm lh« lime
! the proofn wou!<t bo forthcoming.
I     \fi,*tf i*,,ri<>i,it*nbl* ivnr* tH**nt:*ir,n
In which E. K. Stewart. Mr. ileaphv
BFtTftfRTHER RESOTiVmTwt
we demand the Immediate release of
Brother LE.WIS, failure to comply
with these demands at the expiration
of sixty days, that the Western Convention to bo held In Calgary, take tha
necessary steps to bring about a gen-
oral strike for the enforcement of our
demands: and _
•v.*-. vT-*w»*J»,TWVR R"!«OLVED. That
the delegate to the Western Conference be instructed to lay this resolution before th« Convention, and that
n, cqpy bo sent to every Labor Union
In Canada.
MOUNTI18 HEADQUARTERS
The Royal North West Mounted
Pollco force which la to be established
in this sub-district, wil! havo head-'
quarter* at Fernie, with detachments
at Corbin, Coal Creek, Morrisey, New-
gate. Klngsgate and Rykert. Tho territory to be covered by these detach-
raent* extends from; tbo International
boundary line to within touch of tbo
detaebmepte stationed on tho main
Une of th<» C.P.R., nn<! which will bo
operated from Revelstokff and Golden,
li wiiriw* mm that these detachments hnvc bfpn no lomtod ni to command nil the main roads coming Into
tho country from tho South, nnd It
looks.as thcuffb tb<v ImKlo'Tsor will
hnvp in nl*ep lu hia bants moM of tbP
tlmo If he 1* to oxp?ct nonlntcrfcrcncf
with his private enterprises.
"asanapous, u.a.A.
Here is a copy of the agreement be
twesn the coal operators and the Noya
Scotia miners.   I want you to read it j
It is to be noticed in the agreement
that the Nova Scotia district is to receive complete autonomy. That's a
big word and looking up the maiming
in a Noah Webster dictionary
which 6la. lying beside ; ray t\pc-
writer I find that "autonomy" means:
F,A.A.Cp Dance A Big Success.
The F.A.A.C. dunce on Tuesday
night was one of the bes^ dances held
in Fernie for the past five years. The
hall was nicely decorated in tha Club's
colors, red and black, with a full moon
in one corner, for tho Mooii'.jjIU
waltzes, which made quite a hit with
the crowd. The president and tho executive board deserve groat credit, for
the way they helped the danco committee take care of the decor.itiiig,
and seeing that everybody had a good
time at the danco.
The Mayor of our city gave a slv.rl
address to the crowd and expressed
his oplniou of tho success of the F.A.
A.C., saying that the Club had done
well , in the six weeks it has been in
existence, and if conducted along amateur lines would be a great help to
the city at largo. Hon. Vice-president
Bonnallie also gave a short address
and held the audience on their toes
for a few minutes, closing his spvtch
with a request to the crowd to give
"three cheers for the F.A.A.C." To
which there was a hearty response
and was concluded by the crowd singing "For he's a Jolly, good fellcw."
A mom; the crowd were:—
Mayor Uphill and wife; iMr. and Mrs.
Trites, Dr. and Mrs. Asseltine, Mr, and
Mrs. Bonnallie, and many other of our
worthy citizens.
The dance was such a big success
that the F.AA.C. Social Committee
have been asked by a large vuniber t>
run a social dance once a mont!; This
will be brought/up at tho board mealing on Friday flight, and if'tho bontd
sees their way clsar to put a dance
on ence a moijth, the next one will
be a novelty affair in the way of a
"Confetti Dance." The club wishes
to thank all those who donated vake<-
for the refreshments.
CRESCENTS
WIN    FERNIE
LEAGUE    ,
CITY
The Crescents started out strong
on Tuesday night, as their game with
thc. Cubs gave them the championship
ot Krrnie City League. Tlie game was
f:i*l from mart to finish and tho ref-
I eree and Judge of play had their hands
mii. No \usti than su piuytia were
put on tbe fence. Dicken and Colton,
handled the game in fine style aud
when they put a mau off he stayed
oil'.
St ott, Biggs and Kelly were the stars
for th»> Crescent bunch, and with iioot-
io Wilson bringing up the rear going
strong, they make a hard combination
to beat.
The Crescents have played six
pam-ps; won f> and lost I; which is a
good record for any team.
The Cubs played good hockey, and
gave thc Crescents the hardest game
of the season. Anderson had his full
team out, and tried hard to win and
he deserves a lot of credit. Baker,
Commons and .McDaugal played a
whale of a game and in the last period
were close upon the Crescents goal
all the time, and kept Wilson and
yoiir.g Colton busy.
The ladies' teams are sure pretty
even just now.   One player stays at
home and ths other team wins.   'Miss
Schcgal   wasn't   in   Monday   night's
"Tihe power or right of self gov- line up and the B.B.'s loBt.   It works
.it, -.vhc
=^w
ttt~tt,—*^ti,j wuxcir^^
lects its own magistrates arid! makes
its own laws, or in an individual
who lives according to his own will."
... „ . ,.      ..   . ..    i    In Noah Webster's time there was
carefully,    especially    that    portion „o international of the United Mine
and (loorgo l.em'K, The verdict re-
turcttd waa to the effprt that the. d*>-
cettttcd men cxm*.' to their deaths rrom
an a-ccld-^nt. partially 4m ta sunn
condlUonn. Both taut crews w*ru ox-
enoratef!: from all ret.ponslblUty.   Thi'
which appears in black typet
After having the" assurance of the
/executive of the Amalgamated Mine
'Workers of Nova Scotia and the representatives of t,be American Federation of Labor, confirming the
statements made i*«#sntreal by Mr.
Harlin or the United Mine Workers
r of America, that the desire of the
Amalgamated Mine Workers of
Nova 8cotia to have the United
Mine Workers of America extend
Its jurisdiction to Nova Scotia does
not arise from any Intention to make
the wage rates and working conditions of Nova Scotia conform to
those obtaining in the other districts
of ths United Mine Workers of A-
morlea, and that the local districts
will receive complete autonomy, and
also that the limitations of Nova
Scotia In regard to-outside competition In the salo of coal are recognised by tbe Incoming United Mini*
Workera of America, and will always be home In mind In the future,
the operators aproo to tho proposed
extension of the Unitbd Mine Work-
i»f nf ANi'*t-i*m It't't Nov?' Scot Ifl. if
that dhould bt» the wish of tho ma-
i Jontv nt th» mlnr-wnrk«r«.
j    "tslgn-mD Cl'.MtLKH  FBK<UK,
I {'hairnrin,
j -SlL'iV HAKRETT.
j Vi«,e*"h«immn.
!    "8:--.!nev. N.8.. Feb. IZ, 1819."
j    In rotintl figure* tU*.*r*» are about tun
llhoiifnni! tv«ti In th" rjjnk*-* ct thf A-
j vialframa'wl   Mln*»  Work«r;t  or  Nova
it-rot is. In Di-fftricn-H with muntn-r piv
Workers at Indianapolis and he doesn't specify Just what it means wlth'u
the ranks of that organization, I presume that It meana that the Nova
Scotians -can have a constitution and
bye laws of their own and can do Just
about as the;.' please so long as tliey
send In their per capita tax regularly
to Indianapolis. It probably also
means that Sf conditions forco th*1
blue-nose miners to strike othor districts in the santij organization can
whip in coal to any (f Uie markets affected by the strike, 1 learn thot
when District 18 workers went on
strike other districts of the United
Mino Workera were kept busy supply-
Iiir coal to the mtfrkets which undei
ordinary conditions took District 1S
coal.
Just why the Nova Scotia mincr-s
would consent to an agreement which
«Iobar» theni from making "the wagt
rates and working conditions of Nova
Seotla conform to those obtaining in
iruiii    „ **.*rtl*
...... .....     "-ML.... ■-  ~ m
rj SOTS—-n-UUU-S* SVU     WUtT»-!W
on Friday night and thw D.D.'s lost
Wbat would have happened If those
two players had both turned up to
play? We would have had a real good
game,
The game on Monday night between the It.D.'s a:id the B.B.'s resulted in a win for the former by tbe
score 'Si—a. The D.D.'s had a full
team out, and were there to make up
for the three games that they were
behind. This win brings;them a little
closer to-their rivals, It was a very
good exhibition of hockey, as the ice
was good and hard. Miss Lancaster
tn the nets for the Dragon Dreaders,
played a real good game and stopped
a number of hard ones, ^tiss Henderson, at point, was bade in the game
and as usual gav<n a good account of
herself. -Miss Hamil, on tbe forward
line, played a good game and along
with Miss Richardson, kept the B.B.'s
busy. Ths "Biggs* Battlers," were
short the services of their star rover.
Miss Schegal, and so-tamed to be satis-
fiea"wTth playing a defense game, although Captain iBlggs g:;t away lushes, which resulted lu the two goals
scored by thc B.B.'s.
.Miss Jlamil tried to stop the
puck with her head on Monday night
and found out that the rubber disk Is
somewhat harder than it looks. Aftor
all you can't hurt an Irishman. Who
said tha'. Hamll wis Irish?
The "Pep editor" has an apology to
make to the hockey fans. We gave
the Crescents credit for winning th©
city league championship last week,
with the Cubs runners up, forgetting
that thoy could tie the score in winning Tuesday night's game, and saw
off for honors. We all mako mistakes
at times. ey<pn tho printers are no
exception to the rule.
The Cimc-jnts have a point ployer
that Is starting pretty young to bo put
on tha fence, twice In one night. One
of tbe youngest hockey playora wo
havo, and should b« wati.ln-,| close /or
it Is for hlH own good, nay rlean fallows, and jou will iu»!« tlio big lea
•i< inner,
thn other districts of tht United Mine
Workers of America" Is a conundrum
over whUh I havft set every whwl In't-ijt* ;ili i'**
my head in motion but failed to find j ——
a Kolulion,    If thi* meets ex*, of any j    \\'nb ,,ix men jm
Nov,i S«-c*,.lan v-Jio can give th« ans-j
w«r to tbt* rlt?d!«» I tru*t thw wild ann j
wer vill be forthcoming. j
Down In a provinc* whlrh han pr*> '•
du-"•*■<{ ihr»* prfmlers for Canada, n '
province which *h noted for th> ,
,*i»sre'vt1re- ■«* nf Un I'lhabMaTi***. it
would ttpt-m stnngf th^t t«n ibou-it-'t \
mui'ifi. men noted tor their per-iplcn-1
m ih • fp'U't* in
ii- guiii«. on* would think that It wan
i'fi.1 dirtv, but no It wasn't.   That il
*a* th-, K«od work of tnir reterxi: 3'ul
jtr.'gc of play !» appreut.
CALGARY CIRLS GOING
TO COAST TO PLAY
CALGARY, -March 3.-~The Regents,
girls' hockey team are leaving here on
Saturday night next for Vancouver,
wherei they wtll play an exhibition
gam© with a women's team of Vancouver. The local team Is composed of
Mre. Brownley. iMrs.ICol.) Moorw, Mrs.
Robertnon, Miss Clarln, Miss Tarr,
Miss Pue and Miss Corderoy. They
will play tbo coast septctto one game
and will hold up with the ladles trom
Pernio on the return trip home. Lor-
en Hannay, manager of the team, will
also accompany the team. This will
bo thr- same team thht won the championship of Alberta from the Edmonton Monarchs in Bonff at the winter
carnival.
The Roughest Gsme of the Season.
Tho gamo on Thursday night was
the roughest game of the naason.   The
Lumberjacks dofe&ted tha Rovers by
C • ■ 1 Th..' «ami> '.v.i.> fast and tut'.ouu,
en both teems were fighting to koep
nut of the cellar. The Hovers started
wis with J*tt Commons in th«» mils,
uii4 Jiiff Is thtrt whon it lo-mon to
.-t«rp*:«i; the farrt ones. Th!- win for
«h« i.umbit-rJsckH put* thom ovimi with
th* Cubs for «eeond plare, a gam->*
s.boul.1 b< kiagfd b-frtw-tten ,tb«' f«»«
and Witndereri* to break tbe Ue.
Th
.'Ml
Snssot^Prtab ^S «r"   iin, d h«» «««^ »** month into lhe Inien-a.! citv. Bhoold be willing io «iRn np rn-
mntvd on Tuosday, his anhi-s bo!i.gi»»«>e the M«-^f '* "».    ^ J>; "r. 'Vi^ Vort«i. w»ra7 .r
00*1 to tho wlrtds.  followlii« Hit  the »lh» .»»»ne.    1h-it ujJ! mat,,, i.,.- .„ r. .,9 to, v..  M * ^',»a'«/^ «^,
'imi'
i 'i h
UU** ar-.' petting down ti !»t>?|
bn ki.. ni*..,   Taii .;iiu '■-. ^.''<
i-.fi'   -litild'llg   -    ."       \»'hi tl    .ie
thfi!  rl"*e, it  1* .(tljllid*.'    ga.'ie.
,i \:
A flew Pan
Wf hit I » rent gn»H| h«ifN»"i Ian In
iho Kalbrv im, Thutxho night iu tba
IH-rfon «.( tl**\. Hot/'dd.   Thin i* a foal
find f>r th-h'!*1 ■• b'i  *    H*v. B»«*old
..... , l,9irt 9* *,*i.iii v.'-m uiul **'*'• t->1' h»ii*ey
an! n'«l> )!•>>»  -»fff ftlad  '<* h*r U.'t tiet-h a
ii r KHiinc-tittMi   hieuwn   iih   »h>
«<>., W-nri-in.i-mf^'^   A««K»rl«i'or*i
i'n** Hunt
kfrtt   *b''
BigCo-Operati
The Crow With Headquarters In Fernie
me vrnntsronn in?»irtri rvn\ aw, < *•** —» -v-— ■ ■ , - , „.„,,.,.,,.,,. . •,
V,m (.tab bara Ju*t , ,mplmU*4 ari*«g«- «1« "»- This 1* n«f 'o h» ^ !'»';", „ •'•.»
menu wt the punha* of timjm troat obrn o..e r*n **'$*> ^iV -1"" j.,
etgt ftoni Vakima to be haieb«l thia\mmA ahleh I* pa^.1.^*! *bn-* •
I
*W» ...     ,
-fn.nn snd *** t»t In thn *t**f" ii laMi'-**
"""  ""'r"r )around the tlntrtet.   The nw*mn mtl
et making as mh* Ism iw>n ta *it»t'«.»v. *^t««n try tn f^«i«r Imp* three
bold.
t« No*a ttfftu r*taming
ti.et-1  I pm*-* tor a reply.
■r*-
i t.'t :»)*
v    !>r»i?.'>vi  h»«   started
,li;i 'iu th • ' tiinti (««.«.It, "A .   .   ' ;.   '
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Tb« Dtsutct Ledger has b«*a sho«a
the pUas fer a Mf uppptfOUto woro
ment In the Ctoo* ^est Pass with
h«aJt»tta*rtirs st f^irafe.   The pleas
■yi*? mi2^S^*!!SLnmatmm S^hMUM TSlisaa to"»»*ll«W^ iiillMMk tit tmttm M tkasftr tmumm*
IP«*UT» ."W*?. Pmtnmtm mmm»^j^r^J!2r^ flsblas. Toorist* u *•« year la t*e Ko*
MP To t& mom «H»penM*. a^jrwrs ata bw pr^H'i ***%*»
mmt in t'.rml flrttafn.   ll Is pototed Hots to greater offetts.    P^rwea
«nt that thet* *mn he sefwopttthM |»mt iftorl*!** fwm thi» pratrt* rttt^s and
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Amnio .o4 alwsMlt hw eowaMesaMe mm**nt» alartee.
IMHMMI tMNMSf.   »■■»*» *WBa»«l*t(
nm otrnm •» A'tttAmA* m
... .»».    HI 'O"
Irtoblag.
Fernie Clerks To Have An\,
Eight Hour Day
Too bad. thai S«d*-r»«« bamn't to*,
real Kiwi nhnt, for !•** ran tm rtith!
, hM,*»->t% «h*» ttptumit*. tt-nm, k«« lalU
4own when It -enmes t«i *»h*oottB«,
,.... ..,*,«»-»*■ ■* ,'.. *...•.■*.-  *...-*-.-   - « ...
! tt re»t lu '.he (tufflu,
A f*iin Peed
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. jand tbt- I'f,*** .•nt* ar>- -Champion*, th*
t*oi •»•»>• •*'•• n««-n* t*t ".wi at Ihe F./k-At'.
hi. i room* »«wirh', pt* t draw up two t-ams
i nit r' ihe f.Mjr »nd play a nun," nn
;Tin<!»*   hiftlii     A frtHertinn  mill he*
' tikt-n   wt iht* |>w»'*e|i>  will r.n to*
■*»r1«, i   »>nn fe**!** for all the hm-frer
i«.<-.    Th,* •h'i«M b*» a tmrnnt'-r -HT »
i- t*-,t- nt.'l me -mant a'l the Iiaw-It*~*- fan*
f V, till*., tt* turn tmt an4 «>i-   tht*
l, ■ i « tnnnt    lb** have been In; ..-at*
••-' ath io *lt iyt the gallery a»'1 nntrh
■ill Ili»< rfirtie* tr» di**e »«♦•' fcic'- » -'»-
#0 the bora as -moeh as $ rente   * "««•
*m t*nw  ***** |w«f»p*e m o*tm** »"!? '-"im
n«l snd show tto hot* th»* *««** **»
wtrm tbim eewMiih for a rwl. **«4
IPtA tOOH M4.4.t.i* «*•»»»*■>«..
,-«»* m^mtitt. *     ■-* «'*9t9f  ,9*i*mmmii9t# ,
f^rr,f9Ti* **,4 ilmnr**r1**0 per "
thai!
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M IMkUt btAttPA tot Am PttAmn \ m m Craohrtwh ftttut
,    i ,      .« ,,,.,■*,   r  rr  -     r*   t\ r     t*..   .. r.
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, tttPtbouo at *a« aa ail tracer- tntMnhm mmm*\ ootfmt mm ot Am
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m Am Com tmt Am toooA A era* mtv* m* ***»w» m Am mp*
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m tJoAtmnm mi fp-Ttnt -* T_ wotb mm wtt. emmhttn* otmm b«>
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mommmmmhb mom ttWmttmmom *m m p*~t- __
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mt Ptmotf m !«■■■• i -orooiTi mrnwmr, wmmmv\*u «*^ ,m*z J'
i^wsasnstuz nwnsvrt. *—**
tpptnti to Wnlmtm Wa#^- IL SI.
mm. **t9*.mm** *t. *'mm wtt** * .*****
em oommor, rototoot ttom
Vktena the mot of tke wtet.  tlw
Vaneoarer tan A aathortty for tto
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m ttt Wesittwt Ceal Op«r;i» m s«*«*
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ttOMT HOUR OV/  POR tTORt CLtttCt
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\
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C. MARCH 7, 1919
\
Extract From "The Nation"
"In the good times coming when industry shall be considered
for use and not for profit, there is an agreeable prospect of abundant
leisure. When each of us shall 'have done his three or four hour
daily stint in productive indusary, he will have some twenty hours
left on his hands that he must get through with in one way or another. It has always been the assumption of the Social prophets
and chiliasts that he would devote a considerable part of these to
expression of the creative instinct. Emancipated from long taskwork, he would have ample energy to devote to painting or sculpture,
if he were of an artistic turn, or of music, literary composition, or
whatever his gift or fancy indicated; and since he would be employing himself in this pleasant way merely as an avocation, without money and without priee upon his work, his creative impulses
would be free from .-commercial control, and their expression, therefore would lie much more sincere, spontaneous and abundant than
now, while its survival, too, would be determined by merit alone."
"No answer has been made, of course, to questions that I asked, because the implication in every question is known by the State Department to be true. Men are in this oountry today who can establish
every single fact suggested, and if this body, or the Foreign Relations
Committee, really desires information, if they wish to tell the mothers and the fathers and the wives of the men wlio are freezing iu
Russia today just what the facts are, -they have at their disposal- the
evidence, and it can be brought before them upon the briefest notice.
"There is a heavy reckoning some day for those who have been
responsible for. this wicked and this useless course in Russia. And
the heaviest responsibility, the wrong which can never be atoned, is
the shedding of American blood in Russia. It is to this phase I' desire to arouse the Congress, and to which, if I 'liad the power and my
voice would carry, I would arouse the people of the nation. It Is of
American boys and American blood I am thinking.
Have The British Steel Makers
Stolen March?
Senator Johnson And The
Russian Intervention
In the New York Times almost two columns on the front page
were given to Senator Johnson's speech in the Senate. , He characterized the American government's attitude towards Russia as
1,1 weak, vacillating, stupid and ignorant."
"Our dealings with Russia," declared Senator Johnson, "and
the dealings of our Allies with Russia have been not only an exhibition of the crassest stupidity, but have contributed to the awful
tragedy there."
"If you favor armed intervention," he said, "it is obvious that
the scale upon which it has been undertaken is too small to accom-
plisli lasting results. It lias become painfully clear in the last few
days that by the present intervention we merely hazard the lives of
our men. It is equally clear .that the people of England, and our own
people, will not tolerate intervention on a larger scale. Even if you
favor intervention, you should for the protection of the lives of our
soldiers insist that those there—few in number and their position
courting disaster—--be immediately withdrawn.
"'If you favor intervention, why do you not on this floor, by
resolution'or. otherwise say so'' If you believe in war with Russia,
why not introduce an appropriate resolution and permit Congress
to vote upon-it in. accordance with ..the Constitution? Upon what
theory can you justify war without affirmative action by Congress?
That we're in an actual state of war with Russia the recent ojuinoui*
news from there demonstrates only too plainly."
Senator Johnson read to the Senate a letter from Colonel Raymond Robbins, formerly.',prominently..identified with the American
Red Cross work in* Russia, challenging statements of fact regarding
Russia,"made by George Creel, of the Committee on Public Information in .ix current, magazine.   The Allied military missions, according
to Colonel Robbins, were helping to train the Bolshevist Red Army
last April.
Colonel Robbins'  letter asserts that Edgar Sisson, one of the
agents of the Creel committee, who was responsible for the Bolshevist
Brule
I may say for the benefit of anyone that's interested that we are
getting along fine and dandy at
Brule. Some of the boys got a
terrible "jag on" the other day,
and the new 'Mounty'tfiad an awful time rounding 'em up. He
was as busy as a one-armed paper
hanger. By the way this same
new 'Mouiity' Seems to be quite
a bright lad in a small way.
"Sherlock Holmes" is what some
of the boys call him. Por instance,
Two or three of our young brothers got into a little mischief recently and pretty soon 'Sherlock-"
was on their trail. He went up
to the mine to get one of them
and I saw him coming down with
his prisoner soon after. The boy
(16 years of age) had his hands
'cuffed' behind his back, and Sherlock certainly looked very pleased
with himself. I was having a talk
with.'one of our oldest inhabitants
that evening and "I happened to
mention this matter and I said I
ihoughi it looked queer to see the
boy trussed up to be taken a distance of a few. hundred yards.
Whereupon the old man to whom
1 was speaking gave voice to these
remarkable words: "Whenever
you see a guy with a uniform on,
too"' swift with the gun or cuffs,
depend upon it, son, there's a
yellow streak in him somewhere."
That was the old man's opinion,
and the chances are there is some
truth in it.   Anyhow, I've got no
sympaxnyTor you ooys wnmnm"
to hand over your little fine for
drinking squirrel whiskey.' That
ain't the way to emancipate our-
sevlcs.    "What we workers ought
expose made in the documents given out last year by George Creel. |'\?.Ao is to demonstrate to the .public generally and the exploiters in
particular'that we are in posses
sed from Petrograd" last March, shouting that the Germans would
take Petrograd iii collusion with the Bolsheviki within a few
days, while American Red Cross agents remained In Petnograd and
were still there in May, 1918, feeding starving children "under Bolshevist protection." Colonel Hobbins' letter also asserts that "Mr.
Ballard and all the .American members of the Committee on Public
.Information in Russia" lied from Moscow on May 5 last year and
went on board an English iee-breuker at Archangel, "dressed in
English uniforms," where they remained several weeks, "while the
American Red Cross' was doing business us usual in Moscow, and
English, French, nnd Japanese were under Bolshevist protection."
The document wliich Senator Johnson read and. which he declared hail not been published in this country, he said had been sent
by the Soviet Government to the Allies as follows:
"in case (a) the All-Uussian Congress of the Soviets will refuse to ratify the .peace treaty wilh Germany, or (b) if the Gorman
Government, breaking the peace treaty, will renew the oflVnsive in
order In continue ils robbers' raid, or («•) il" the Soviet Government
will be forced hy the actions ol' Germany to renounce the peace
treaty—beforo or of ter its rat iii cut ion—and to renew hostilities—in
all of these cases il k very important for the' military and political
plan* of the Soviet power for replies lo be given to the following
question*:
"1. {'iiii the .Soviet Government rely on the support of the
United State* of America. Ureal Britain, nnd France in its at niggle
against Germany?
"2. What kind of support could be furnitilie.il iu the utsurost
fuUri, and mi whtvt '•'Mtditi'itw* mil? tury «*'«piipmont, transport at inn.
supplies, living neeewuties!
.$,   What kind of support would be furiiiahtd particularly aiu\
especially by the United Slates?
"Should Japan—in consequence of nn open or tacit understanding wilh Germany or without hiicIi an uiiderHtanding—■attempt to
a«ir.« Vladivostok and the Eastern Siberian Itailway, which would
threaten to cut off Russia fnnn the Paciile Ocean and would greatly
impede lhe eoiieetiimtioii of Sovii'l tniopx toward the Kant about the
Ural*   in Mich ease what atop* would be taken by tlie other Allien,
need to oat the holes.   Leave them
on your plate.""'
I was speaking to an old gentle-
nut n here, the other day. He's a
great friend of mine, and a very
nice old gentleman in other .ways
but he has no use for these new
faugled ideas as he called socialism. That's the trouble with a
lot of thesi*old-timers; they have
a perverse habit of thinking that
the world is standing still nnd
that the now obsolete ideas that
were current in their yojith
should hold at the present time.
But, unfortunately for these back-
numbers, such i.s not the case,
"The old order changeth for the
new" and the world goes marching on— to Socialism. This old
gentleman is of the opinion that
the capitalist is just as useful a
member of society as a practical
miner, because he invests his money and therefore provides work for
tlie miner. But where in the
dickens did this capital come
from in the first place, and'why
does it keq) piling up? My guess
is tliat it's money that tiie miner
and his p/edeeessors. have earned
but never got. \Vhat.'s your guess'?
The old gentleman is also of the
opinion that the Industrial Workers haven't got sufficient organizing ability amongst them to run
the industries successfully. 'Well
give us the same opportunities as
the exploiters have at the present
time; i.e. along the line of high-
L'lllSS    CUTllllUUH^    altu    OO   l^a-,—i-rj-rw
I'll guarantee that; there''will be
produced amongst, the children of
working class parents, men who
will be capable of organizing and
running anything'that's capable
of being run. What chance. 1 ask.
has a boy got who is compelled to
go to work itt hard labor when he
is around twelve or fourteen years
of age, as I was compelled to do?
1 sav he has got no chance. He is
broken physically and blunted
mentally while yet* a child, and ho
is manufactured into an old num
before he has had a chance to become it young one.
This is one thing that the Industrial elass ought to fight like wildcats for. I mean Education of the
right kind for their children. And
it'should be made absolutely compulsory that boys and girls be
kept at school until they are at
sion of a little self-respect and
that therefore we "have GOT TO
BK respected, W6 '11 never accomplish this by giving our money to
boot-leggers and getting soused
with rotten potatoe-juiee.
Well, its gelling near the time
when we'll have to put up another
scrap for better conditions, tind I
suppose we Brule boys will have
to take lo the woods again, the
same as in 1017. But I can't notice anyone that looks downhearted around here. Yes, we
have as straight-grained a ImncK
of boys around Brule as 1 would....,  »i
ever wish to work amongst. We j least sixteen yenrs of age. 'Also,
were a ragged looking.crowd that in these days of reconstruction,
morning two years ago when we it seems to me that the system ot
got uvieied. Kadi man hikm.* j educnlion tliat Is in vogue fltj^cs
away with ttll his ■ bt'loijuhigs in
a gunny-sack on his back. Ilome-
\t*m, friendless, count rylens! All,
me! And this is Democracy! We
looked as, I think, the Pilgrims
must have looked when they hid-
ed from the Mayflower at Plymouth, Mass., iu the days gone by.
However, I am pleased to say that
we came back in better atylu. As
a matter of fact, I don't think
they would ever 'hnvo got us to
eome back if ihey hadn't sent a
private <hnx) ear down for **4.
Still I think you'll agree with me
that riding, even in a box-ear,
beats hiking five miles with all
your worldly good* mi your back.
Anyway, its I wiih saying, we came
up the hill in great style Hinging!
"Briton*, never, never shall be
ulavc*." ami wu went to work next
day. nnd we've been slaves eve?
Miners Notice
(By A. R. Kennedy, Editor Canadian Machinery, in Financial Post)
Apparently the British steel industry is in good shape to attend
to a tremendous amount of business, and it begins to look as though
the Britons were out securing their full share of business that is offering from any of the European countries. The list if imports for
which licenses' are required indicates that the country intends to
have the entire situation entirely in hand, and are guarding against
any business slipping away that can keep the wheels going at home.
One of the selling agents in this country for large American
steel concerns says the impression is growing with the principals
of his country that the British steel trade had "put one over" in being iti shape for the afterwar business. His view is that the British,
anticipating a quick finish of the war, had dropped the manufacture of war material and turned their plants over to be in shape for
anything that might offer in the way of reconstruction or ordinary
lines. In this way they were able to jump into after-war business
while the industries of North America were still wondering what to
do about completing their war orders.
In this connection it is worth recalling that at the first of tho
year a representative of THE FINANCIAL POST had an interview
with "a representative of one of, tlie greatest English steel concerns.
At that time he expressed the utmost confidence in the ability of British plants, as they stood then, to go ahead and compete with the
world for all the steol business that was offering. It was only a few
weeks after that that the first order that came into the world's market for 600,000 tons of steel rails was secured by a British concern
at a figure better than was turned in by the Uni'tfed States interests.
' Every weok sees a new line of British steel on the Canadian
market—or it might be more correct to say an old line coming back.
All this seems to lend color to the story that the British were well prepared and made the change to peace work well in advance of the rest
of the nations.
So eudeth the first chapter. In the past the Socialists have been
accused of confounding the word "democracy'' with that of '*'markets," but 'nuf sed. Here beginneth the reading of the second
epistle:
Keep away from Hillcrest, as
we have too many miners on what
is termed ihe spare link—that is
men that have not regular employment.
P. LOTE,
Secretary Hillcrest Local Union,
U. M. W. of A„ No. 1058.
DOCTOR WANTED
The camp of Pocahontas    requires the services   of a doctor.
For further particulars write,
MEDICAL COMMITTEE,
Local Union No. 3170, U. M. W.
of A.
POCAHONTAS, ALTA,
DOCTOR WANTED
for
For
A duly qualified   M.   D,
Mountain   Park,   Alberta,
further particulars apply to
K. MacGillivray,
Recording Secretary, Local 2655,
25-4i    Mountain Park, Alta.
NOTICE
Miners are hereby notified to
stay away from Greonhill Miae,
Blairmore, Alta., until further
notice.     * * ■"
Many miners on the spare link.
rod Mcdonald,
Secretary 2163,
Blairmore, Alta.
with the above, that we of the industrial class, must make up our
minds to enforce our right tc free
speech and freedom of our press
and literature, so that each man
who is the proud possessor of. a
bunch of bouncing girls and boys
may always have a supply o" the
right kind of books at homo for
liis children to read.
I remember wQien I used to go to
Church how I used to sit frith
open mouth and eyes like saucers
listening to the Good Father while
he has got another dog by the
throat to hang on until he tears
the life out of his victim. When
we see this bulldog with a grip on
another poor dog's throat, we
don't stand around and chew tl.e
rag about it, and say to each other
"What a shame" or say to tlie
bulldog"'"Don't you know that
that's a very cruel thing to 11.,
please let go." No! AVe bring
some pressure to bear on him,
wliich compels him to let go in
short order. Wo got to be content
witli the present, system until the
people manage to get up enough
STAY AWAY FROM BRULE
Men should stay away from
Brule owing to lack of sleeping
accommodation, hotel and bunk
houses being over-crowded. No- ■
lice will be given when things get
righted.
A. McFegan,
Secretary Local Union No. 1054
(•ut needs reconstructing. \Mumi
I went to school (not very long
ago) a lot of my valuable time wua
taken up in learning about what
Queen Bess said playfully to Sir
Walter Raleigh oue night, and n-
bout how King Henry VIII. used
to snip the heads off hi* y«""ff
and tender wives. I often wonder
to mvself what useful purpose is
served by telling our little gul*
nud hnvs'nf the present day about
tho doings of this licentious nnd
blood-thiwtv monster. Could not
onr little girl* tie more profitably
engaged in learning something
that wonld be of nome practical
iwe to tliem in after lifo. Sex hygiene Uir instance, which I understand thev are left to learn or find
out about the best way they can,
and which it is considered a 'nm
to   apeak   about—the   very   ono
ne   l-t.iiu   us—ntm-rv
duty to be humble and meek and
mild and to obey our masters, si,»d
how by attending strictly to this
duty we would eventually inherit
the Kingdom of Heaven. He also
imparted to us the highly original
information that: '"The poor ye
have with you always;" which
pleasant and cheerful state of
things he readily accounted for
by saying that it was the will'of
God. Perhaps he believed this
himself. However, I may say, as
an illustration, that the ancient
Greeks, although there were a lot
of smart lads amongst them, such
as Plato and Aristotle dnd Socrates and so on, still, they believed
that thc earth wiis shaped somewhat on-the same plans and specifications of a mushroooni, that is
tto say, in tlie form of a disc, more
or less flat on the surface, and
that it rested on a pedestal; they
didn't stop to say what the pedestal rested onus they were too busy,
They also believed that the sun
actually travelled around the (lo
them) solid dome of the sky and
that the said hum sank, literally,
into the Mediterranean Sea every
evening, which in the light of fur.
titer knowledge on these 'matters
seems to have been a slight mis-
take on their part, All of which
leads me to believe that when tin
common peoplo begin to read n
little more and to study mat!ers
for themselves they will eviui tn
the conclusion that the Reverend
Gentleman above referred to wan
mistaken. Also when lie claimed
that it ia the will of God for one
man to be rich and that, say about
five hundred other persona vt'.vi
tue composed of similar materials
to what ho In composed of and who
haw similar wants aod feelings
to what he htt», should toil for
bin benefit and lhal he and lm
family slumld live ou the fat of
iVrf*7oui*^iw»i-reirtinisiusiii. to ubonslritr
FERNIE   LODGE,   KNIGHTS   OF
PYTHIAS,  NO.  31
Will meet regularly
every Tuesday oven-
(ng at 8 o'clock.
Vlgittng_mpmhorn
cordially welcome.
W. Pennington, Alfred Baker,
C. C. K. R. S.
p-artb'tilnHy nnd  <'«p<»ci«lly  by llm  Untied Htate*,  In  prevent     a-KJ,,",.,.    Knelt, dear brothers, is lhe I thing that concern* them most vi-         	
JftiMiiM-w binding on mir Far Kast and to injure iitiinterriipled com-i mighty power of theslrike. Never (tally. Or they might be learning the land at the expense of said
!•..       .!.   ,.i, .i,.. Si>>arhn r*Ht.>» !'">'»«' '",vs ""'<*" i"*'" •"'"«•«' times Uoiuelhirig about domestic selenee, j workers . while they themselves
,     , .   .    ,, ".'   r'.i    im»   i um -    ,k mining.   We V bound to win at ina that they would be ablelu vou* f ,mt ,.,„WH|m,,| lucky it they Imve
In tiii> ••im  ..l  th.- f..»criiiiieiil of tin: lml.«l M.».«-s     w.#liii   fUi.^     KMn ,ir„fll,,1|,1„  t|t„:„  AtUwonf  nual  after tW honey- i«urf„.j,.r,t ti    «t, smd sum* rough
<MtO><....
the finish.    Keep preaching theg decent
!.v..-.igh 'Au
Ut- ti.Mi'Mtmcu! of the Pint<d Statu
which extent    nud'-/- tin' al-»»v«
l*t*   H»»HH<I   11   Oil   till
Wb
order
<»f ttie inmiim »t tu*- u.t*.u*. ,h.,.,.-* .i*.him <«..<m« uu .... ,....  if^^ h-m ^ Mw ^ mi* w||jBW,r w„v ,,v hHVinff m*|ri* nf •ItHi-reiii, f„.„r|y ,.v„ry man and women tins
Itnlain m u*** it«nr.*i mi;m* . ,tl,  ■hj,n  t|,„,  ••'|,i„, flnwi.Mtriigg!-'1  hiixiU ol  m»lu«»tri»i  uiwimi" «"*,» lutlli- etiutalioii. tital  v,m, I....
"AH then** rpicslion* sir*-   i.tiditinncil wiih the selfnnderMood jM |low „„ •♦   |{V (j,,, wwv, | sup->hand in every school.   The point jj„. Kr,.„t  ,mm „f workers, wli»
that the internal and  fcireign poln-n-* of tin- Mouh ,iHm- my miyiug     K«*i buhl »t Wm '* I wihIi i<» iiiafc«'-U. that th$ w™> f [U-*v tin* whwU iff indu-tlry turn
will vmiiiuM* t„ }„* >\w*.,.i,*,\ in » r.l wiih tl^ prin-: Hmion-hule" is more or less of an n mn* eiliicalional w»tem would ym^ ,md wlu> produce all the good
motioned eir-umHlan.es -would aid j ^^j ^f]y iinA'^ tmi ff yonjoiooii is over.   In a like mnntior | (.|uthinir t<> hide their nakedness
..„ -m UiUiuti thiouiih Murmansk and An tiiniig.-l * },„,,,„.„ u, Vumc iirro** a brother, ttu* boys could be engaged in ne- j M)J, )U,m| <..*mphntienlly that I do
ittt «!.«ps I'oitld ihi- Uov.Tiim.ml nf Ure.'it  Britain undertake in! who ha»ii'» gul llie 'mewage* yel!,(uiring some knowledge of mach- jIM,t |u»|i,,ve thnt* this is tho will of
ler to Atftiiiv IhU and and tlu-rebv l« undermine lhe fouudatton    »bere are m»»e **Uh nt Brute). \ \mts Ut• instawc. which could b'MM, and why |t  is that at lliw
ler to **tir« inn. mm ami immn i    mtu<wmi< ( ^   ^f  ^f ^ v,„tf„„ »,n,„ „„,,  ,„,„„^„4| ,„ »j,„m in a prnetieal \mm, nf th»» world's history, when
SYNOPSI8 OF
LAND ACT AMENDMENT
rre-twmlon now confined to iurvey«d
a.m!.-' only.
1;...(.-ui-(1h will b» granted covorlnt' only
ihiiiI Huttulilu for agricultural purpotiea
n,nil which l» non-tlmtier InnU.
I>urtiiei-N)ii|i pre-eimit-lond abolished,
imt purl leu of not moro than four may
ii'iTtmjre for adjacent |)ro-*»mi>tton», with
...mt i-fHuluin'i:, but e*)ch muklng neceu-
sjvry iniDnjvemeiitB on respective olatmn.
i're emptora must occupy elulmti for
ti-ve >i';irn nnd mnke lium-oveinenU to
v.. I nc uf Jill per ii ere, liuuudliiff clear Inn
mill cultivation of at leant 5 acres, ba-
ii.i\. reuoivtiifc Crown tirant,
AKitimptitin
Oovernment
entlrm nl  itileriwlwHini ••»»»<-i«m**i» «m«t ,»,.»•.  ,*,*.  .»»»*,,..* v»».
retain** \i% ^onplHi*    indi-j^ndeie'e    <»f nil    unn->*<»i'ialist
iiif-nt«, **'
Ecceiv«d in Silence
» V* l-,*.*,,^*
fjiiveru
i> ,tn,,  ,*..,.*  ,-ni"i>   **.f  i,,.. in it*ot4x tH>4 l»«»v «>r girl Moine- ■ fi(|-i>VH thnt   v,,* **,**!, Uut  are de.
>v""*K!d t*t u"button-hole you know, 'thing that will be «* *om«* pr»<>*tprivnl ot the use of.slinuld still
'or any oilier lab for Mmt matter.'tfeal mf to tbem iiv after ItfrsUtand fi»r ineh a system, is nbso.
What'1 meiiti is, put your fing>r teaeb tli«vm only th^srthings nml \xiw]y beyond my eomprehension.
reTson*
ally, my opiiiiou is that the world
should belong to those who work.
This of course, is not the opinion
of Mr. Gompers nor is it the opinion of some other spineless labor
fakirs that we have nearer home.
Neither'is it the opinion of some
heads, of our wonderful organization known as the Mine '■■Workers
of District 18, who suggest that
we ean ever get hold of the industries by political action alone,
The doings "at these conventions
certainly-makes very interesting
reading. However, if everyone
else is satisfied, so am T.
NATIVE OF BltUr/E
FRENCH" LABOR   MAKES
DEMAND ON PEACE
CONFERENCE
Paris, France.—In every quar-
ttir of Paris ns well in many other
cities special meetings of syiuli-
cuts, federations, and other labor
organizations are being held to
discuss the demands of bYjueli
labor upon the peace conlVrene,>,
A concrete program has been
worked out by the Confederation
Generale tlu Travail, which has
been laid before the French go\-
eminent with the demand that it
be submitted to tto peact plenipotentiaries. The eliief cbmses of
this program ares
1, Thu power* oiiiu'iu;/ the
treaty of peace should proclaim
their intention of bringing abo.U
by international legislation upon
labor, humano conditions ol work
in safe-guarding maternity, family
life, social life, the general ami
professional instruction of the
child, physical anil moral health,
nnd the develop, incut of the popu-
Ittt ion.
Among Ihe specific aafeguard*
Miggeskd for bringing about these
humane conditions are included
Mie fivitig nl* fourteen yearn n* *
age of admission to labor, the es.
tatilixlimeiit of a rest day and a
half per week, the universal eight-
hour day, equality of tw
foreign lnbor and the native wov'k-
ers in a given country.
'nrv'.'iiVi ■',»'*  M-t'i-rmMfNT-ifd  e-f-t,n'Vi,'»"\
.•ci  of labor,  the  ertnferenees  tot     ip-Sr informsuon »w>ly m »ny Frovtn
eomprisi'  ib*legates .if the vail-1  ,tol *HW""M ***** ** *•
ous national organizations of em-1
ployers tind employees. :
Wmh xlinn 3 yearn, and haa made proper-
iiHime Improvement*, h« may, becnuii*
i.f lll-h«altti or other caune. Ue wanted
i'ltcrmerttate oerttllimte of Imiirovement
und irandffr tils clutm.
ttucords without -permanent renldem-t
n»v lm issui'd provided applicant make*
tniprnvementa to extent <>( $300 per annum mid reeord* mnw each year. Failure to make improvement* or reeord
hu me will operate an forfeiture. Title
eu'n.ui it,, obtained on tlm«e claim* tn
less t)i:\ii & year*, with Improvement* of
ji'i per acre, Including 5 acre* cleared
ami I'ultlvHtcit, ami r-.ir.lil.anoe of at
IciihI * year*.
I're-etiititer tioldlnff Crown Grant way
r#conl another pra-emptlon, If he re-
HturtfH land in conjunction with hi*
ftmn, wiilxHit actual occupation, pro-
viili-d atatutory improvement* made and
r>.* i.ii.'n*.. maintained on Crown granted
laml
riiHinvoyi'il areaa, not exceeding 20
itftfu. miiv be tended a* homeultea;
title tn be obtained after fuWIlli.iB real-
dimtlal and improvement oondltlon*
Ynr Kr^xins and IndUHtrtal nunto***.
Hi-....-, fxiffilii.-ji «io aoren may be loaned
by tm** ii.-rwm ur company.
pre emptors' met orant§ act.
Tlie Hi'itiMf nf thl* Aet I* enlarged to
i iiiiilc all i^rmjijs Jolnlnf and serving
■witK HI* Mikjeaty'* K*>n?e*. The tint*
wi.liin which the heir* or d*vlnee* of *
.1.*,,../.. il \,iv-viuiiiui iuu> niiltii tut
title iimt'-r tht* Aet I* extended from
um. yt-m from thn death of *uch |Mr*on,
oiirclunuiti of th*  preaent  war,    Thia
Ijrivilege i* alao mad* r*tro*et!v*.
TOWNSITI PHOPKWTV ALLOTMgNT
ACT.
I'rovlaion I* mad* for th* grant ts
person* holding uncompleted AfTM-
menu to luruintn* from th* Crown el
•uoh (.roparuon ot th* land, It dlyliribl*.
nn th* payment* already nail* win
epvw In pr<u«'ni«n to th* *»l* prto* et
th* whole mrtai  Two or mor* pernonn
Itotdlng auch Agr   —'     	
r fiil«r*fU an ,,.. ... _
iiMMly.    If 1
ronnidnred mlvtmlii* to dlvld* th* land
tN*>v*ri"d by an ar-- — ■'—	
riiinruM* and apply for n
t innate allot m*nt Jointly.    If it
not
I hy an amillaatloii fnr a
altotmeni, an allot mmt of
of *<|ual value *«kwt*d from a*
tinnate aUotmeni
of *<|ual vain*
rniwn land* In th* locality ma:
i.wiif T-hrA* atViHn,r*nt-r ar« <
upon payment of alt ta*** On. Ui
i>i,*n or tw any munMpalltv. Tli*
right* of per-jon* to whom tb* mir*
rbaM-r from the Crown ha* agreed to
*r\t ar* aim protefted Th* daetaton of
ttt« UlnUtt-r of Uuid* In ru*i»tt tu th*
adjuatmeiii of a luiiuortlonat* allatm*nl
la Anal. Th* tlm* for making amSfp*.
tluu tut thaun* Mi|nim#nu l« Iim ft** «i>
the lat_day «»f Mar. til*. AarimHea.
linn tittide after fhhi d*t» will  nUtlw
tttttST'eim M7*.mTX? KZWwtii
<rt tt y*»>itv,
D*goty MmtM*rvttf tUJM^
f'omnieittiflg on the offer. Heiutlnr *fi»hii*>«»ti mad«*
*t4trmetit»;
• ft... ,,
VXlmt      meat. ,k pm voor ,„w,r ,,«e» , »in , „,,   . ^ ...»^  •»     „„«v inr,, „„ „■,  - »l'™--  i(lio p„iiti,-»,, ami to beeonie vir   prolyl Mftn ptAmim t
thnnigh his bullon hole. t.olbmg in..r.'.   When I Mt »     «   Soon tone iu the future when this »    ponntirnar! of the lialmr <* all *l»d», an International
I    Timf reminds me of n little in--.i kww nil about the Uve affairs. p^n^io,,,, *y«le.,y )mn [m*n abol- "'"."f. ^ i^Xr .«o,»ir!r «•• of t**n«»r h«»»«*-l«i
!h«-«*. «isxi.sN.;»H5  ,.1,1^! that »t»|»rwn^t li«r«< tin- ..th- „f oil tH- Kbie-t *iii^' KtHellM-rt I.  ;^W<1  BII(|  Mn{ty  has  tafcen   its  « «rues in oin« r toiiuinw. merlm,  live from  Franco
,r day.   Ih.u.e,,,-,. was kieWing a- I nhn K..e« »W U.*X^ f- M-■'  ,,We, Wu- peopl, *A\\ ».,..'Vvl vjfcvu " ZZZZZZTZZZ   mbTeb^iei^nr^m"
ii, ih,. *\tmt\.in   n„it the imib at dinner-time and r',v,.M and  ereek* ir. Timbuctoo!lll(kv- „.„,! \n bklorieallmoks athint | DOCTOR WAHT1D j •«]» ^ S^SmSS st
.,■„,„„,,,;.,.   ,,f   b.  vi'vl be tb«>U«*bMhere wn« anni" nm\ \*:l",*it the Kmtf ni **tx*** >'"'u;,> :'h" *«m>ts  Hiii)   art-  'n**'ma  )>i«lle«i i   _ »l»i» committee   toaa |m«n ce
Li t 1   S*.  } i I ti %, t 1   * ' * 4    ; *.. J9. m. n     m ± —. II ..f tact litiill   i aa .      . t .•*.* it    .1      »L   ^    .. li»_^     a * .. »_,  m m. .. •
the policy of the Ueneral Feilera-
tion of Iwibor is it deeisioti to go
into politics, ami to become vir
ni the it jii«'*•»*'nl.iln
h,<    <tt*.-fi*    *1'i'f)    t>'    tl'!*«V*.'l     t-t
, ....    .11    ,.      .Ill    I
melitdtRff th* ^trmmlntiMi **i Ki^i*.od -t«i »«■ r.pie*i.'iiumxi• -,i,— ■•■^■^ -—•■ - ^- ^ ^ — f^ 1l|W(kfajjt> B„ (lf whieh jrtff „, thwprw»nl. time. Hut'there
tkt- VuiUnl SU1e*. .sdviM-d Ib* <I.Hen»«irnJ-a !o r* n-,****) r.v..r*i.|y. ,^ ^ ^^ Jw,,j(,'^j ,jwt ,.„*. Kt:y.% %-H\mh\e Icnovb-lg- has "f eoiiwe j« rm\iy „ot ,nu<»h iense in railing
I hot*, topienot the telegram* whieh were »«*»« af that tituii-t*. differ.!,^ ,rui).aftmt j,ftiV bigger hn\**% heen « great help to me in th<>; A| th* exploiter*. It is no doubt ill
rot Ckvt-rn'Wttt* lint th* mmmtinieation wa* re«iv».l «tn«uvtilly i >„.*-.» in tY,*m now than thev um» «tniff'le for existence. Nut n par- Jtj,e najure 0f human beings to
.   .  v .,',.. i ,.,..f,>,I,n.fri,m ■ *ilnn** tn have    I hfttinoiMtl to be think- tml 1W «»f 'hmirs lhal  I dt-.it \ ^mtt m <rt everything of value
*» »»^~- u>i ' ■■■'*  ^. - „ nf f0TnMh»ne P»,P a! thf* an*, \itiow.  tmt  sb..«W  \m** Wu»v.u. thB» lhrjr mn 9¥, hold of Mnl U
"Wh*n tost I wHtommi th* ^n»ti» «f«n tt-• mi m«     i ...mi       f ^r| ^^ j^mmi^w wm^ m B f.ir.iw.1 volntne.
of tlw «ovemn«»nt," **iinl»r .John*        ..i i. «i   I .,, ,       ,    ,. . f ,    ..      - .. „,.»»„{  „»  eonneetion
certain <p»» slion
'Aw, don't be so fu*»v, you don't
hsve a* easy * tint* as possible,
ft is also a Bulldog's nature, when
MEXICO TO tt MADf SAFE POR
CAPITALISM
NKW YORK CITY,-48   order   to
protect holdsni of Mexican aacnrltiM
of all kind*, nn Iniernatlonal eotninlt-
froin -A-
•ail five
form nrt, nf
it chair*
msn,   The snrionnenment state* ih*t
i»i» committal' • k»a bw-n rnnNtttaiiKt
for the puntose of proteetlng the hoM-
\ didv tiiialifleil M.I), for Hill-?*" «' wwwttlwi «f tie lf«xk«« r*.
ipaWlc. and of rations railway my*.
t»-ias of Moxkn, Bad, generally, of toeli
other eaterprUes as h»r* tl«lr IMI
nt -ttilon '••! M«sl», Tb* committee
wfft ti" yr»T'"*''f *,<x taifm s«e,& Artier
nttort rmtmn) *n#'*M to fnrettors
who hold iateresti In Mexleo."
eiest, .Mberla.   For furfJter par.
ti.iilars apply to
Pnt tilt Hi^tif,
Bocy Local Union 1038. HUlcrrt
27-41 Alb-trta I*    ''
1/
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C. MARCH 7,'1919
PAGE THREE
Bolshevists In London
The Loudon Times informs us of a conference convened by the
'Hands of Russia" Committee held in the Memorial Hall, Farring-F
don Street. A large placard ''Long Live Bolshevist Russia"'was
displayed. Some two hundred or three hundred delegates attended and were occupied mainly in discussing the possibility of
engineering a general -strike as the first definite step towards the revolution."
A mass meeting was held at night in the same hall and although
we understand that it has seating capacity for some ten thousand
people, yet the over-How meetings had to be held downstairs.
The chairman was Mr. Arthur MacMauus, of the Clyde workers.
He said "that it was deeds that counted now and referred to Ithe
Socialism of Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg as taken from Red
Russia."
G. A. K. Lnhani, an Indian member $ the Industrial Workers
of the World, spoke, amid cheers, against'conscription, and Desmond
Ryan spoke as a representative of the Socialist Party of Ireland.
Miss Sylvia Pankhurst asked how many of them had cheered
Wilson's League of Nations at the AIM* Hall 1 (A voice, "None.")
She did not trust them very much. (Laughter.) She did not
somehow believe that Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were dead,
but if they were it was better to die like them, for something worth
while, than to die ih bed or, like Keir Hardie, of a broken heart.
William Paul, S.L.P., said that at-tho .conference that day all
sections of the working-class revolutionary movement were united
far the first time.
The resolution drawn up at the afternoon's conference was
then put and carried.
The oapitali-st press does not favor us with the resolution/
Doubtless it was too revolutionary to spread broadcast.
Peace Conference Op What?
rs-
n
The Spirit of Mass Action
• (By Seot,t Nearing)
People are acting in masses.
They learned mass action during
the war and they have been practicing it since the signing of the
armstice.
Politicians do uot understand
mass action; the statesmen of the
old order fail to grasp its significance. They are so accustomed
to "boss" the masses, that where
they encounter the mass in motion, they are offended.by it. They
think and speak of it as ^though
the masses intend a personal a£-
ctired possession of the industries
-—announce this in face of open
protests from the old trade union
officers and from the government
authorities. rJ>hc New York Times
in* an editorial denunciation, de
cl ares that some of the more respectable of the British trade union leaders have repudiated the
rank and file and resigned their
positions. ■ # .,
The same spirit of mass action
has dominated the clothing strikes
in New York and is expressing itself among workers of Seattle.
From   Buenos Aires aiid, Monte
U   front to them aiid to"the form of video orui:ij^gbiiiliiu^t^M-^---^%41^- ^w^
[untutored workers  casting aside
govcrnnient that they '. represent.
The French ruling class felt that
way in 17S9; the rulers of Russia
had the same idea in 1905 and
1917; the rulers of America take
such an attitude today.
Mass action is an effort of the
people to find salvation. Mass
action is a crusade. The crusaders
are enthused, inspired, transfigured. They are no longer men.
They are the prophetic embodiment of a new world order.
Strange reports eome to us of
tho spirit behind the mass action
that is convulsing South America
and transforming Europe. In Russia the masses have made work a
national duty and parasitism an
offense. An American officer i.s
reported as having praised Clem-
enceau and the French Government and then added "but when
I speak thus to the French soldiers
they spit." British troops en
masse notified their officers that
tliey would not go to Russia and
refused to unmans themselves until they were given assurance that
they would not be sent there.
Frenchmen, Canadians, Australians, Japanese, Hungarians, Finns
and derm-uns—all evince the samo
spirit.
The British workers nre crusading, The Belfast strikers and the
workera of Glasgow announce publicly that, they have no intention
nf stopping until  they hitvc ir
itis allegiance to trade union organization and to government
machinery and announcing that
tlje world must be his.
One French soldier summed up
the wliolo question when he said, j
We have fought and bled and died
for France.   Now that the war is
Under the heading of Foreign Correspondence dated Paris, Jan.
13th, we read of "the popular acclaim" accorded to President Wilson and the implicit confidence placed in him by the people of various, nationalities. However, tho following excerpt is interesting:
"■What if he disappoints victor!-* and vanquished alike? I know that
if he fails it will seem to all liberal thinkers,in Kngland as if the
blackness of utter desolation and hopelessness were settling down
upon the world. Here in thu city, in that heavily over-ornamented
Louis VI room in which the conference is to meet, will be decided
whether the dead died in vain or not. Whether this was really the
war to end war, or whether tlmt phrase was merest cant ancl
hypocricy. Is it any wonder■tjiat in these hours of maddening delay,
of ignorance on the part of all press representatives here ns to what
is oh, one thinks ever of tlie ghostly legions which must bc marching
up and down the Champs Elysees and mounting guard over the palace where sleeps Woodrow Wilson?"
"No one knows tonight all that is happening, except a few insiders. [Much they may be putting thru, the little group of men who
rule the world, but they alone can measure how much. I am told, by
one who should know the truth, that the realbusiness is being accomplished in'these informal meetings; that when the Peaee Conference meets it will be really only to record decisions, and that until
the behind-the-scenes decisions are ready the conference will mark
time. "Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at." What a mockery the phrase sounds here!
"Outwardly things are not going well" which statement is explained by a number of details, one of the chief being the dissatisfaction of the Press Correspondents over the scarcity of information
re plan of League of Nations. In fact "many of them believe that
there is no such plan."
The writer informs us that "Now it can be stated authoritatively that all danger of American as well as Bntish intervention in
Russia is past." This accords with the statement in the Local Press
where Lloyd George is reported as saying that no sane person would
think of intervention.
The correspondent gives us this further information: "The recent sensational statement of the Swedish correspondent of the London "Times,", that the Lenine army was no longer a Bolshevist
Army but a Russian one, well armed and well officered, and commanded by one of the ablest officers the old army produced, has put
statesmen en notice that the task of unseating thc Bolshevists is one
to'call for blood-shed on a large scale and for an expenditure of
treasure which the United States alone can supply.^We cannot expect to hoar of thc immediate withdrawal of our troops from
Archangel because it is inaccessible now on account of the ice. But
the Vladivostok troops may be home-ward bound sooner'than people at home expect."
Another squabble Ls arising out of Poland, Pilsudski claiming
that his Government is truly representative of the wish of the people.
The Polish national committee formed in Paris, headed by Roman
Dmowski is'backed by France'as out-lined in our last issue and supposed to be'in control, and the Bolshevists still gaining ground.
Kt the result will be we cannot fortell but it is evidently causing
the Peace Conference some worry. Also the Lithuanian Cpmmittee
alt present in Paris are asking that "some twenty thousand Lithuan
FINANCE   ,?<p£^   DEPARTMENT.
DOMINION INCOMeTwAR TAX ACT
^
TO WHOM APPLICABLE.
Every person who in 1918 resided or ordinarily resided in Canada ot
was employed in Canada or carried on business in Canada, includinr
corporations and joint stock companies,
WHO SHOULD FILE RETURNS.
1   Every  unmarried person  or  widow or widower, without dependem
c'-i'dren under twenry-one years of age, who during calendar yea:
IS 18 received or earned $1,000 or more.
i   Ail other individaals who during calendar year 1918 "received or earned
£2,000 or more.
3   Every corporation and joint stock company whose profits exceedei*
$3,000, during the fiscal year ended in 1918.
FORMS TO BE FILLED IN AND FILED.
FORM Tl. By individuals, other than fanners and ranchers.
FORM T.I A. By farmers and ranchers.
FORM T2, By corporations and joint stock companies,
FORM T3. By trustees, executors, administrators of estates and assignees
FORM T4. By employers to make return of the names of,all directors.
officials, agents or other employees to i^iom was paid $1,000
or more in salaries, bonuses, commission or other rernunera
tion during the calendar year 1918.
FORM T5. By corporations, joint stock companies, associations and
syndicates to make return of all dividends and bonuses paid
to shareholders and members during 1918.
Individuals comprising partnerships must file returns in their
individual capacity.
GENERAL INFORMATION
All returns must be filed IN DUPLICATE.
Forms may be obtained fror^ the Inspectors and Assistant Inspectors
of Taxation and from the Postmasters at all leading centres.
Returns should he filed immediately.
Postage must be prepaid on tetters and other documents forwarded
foy mail to Inspectors of Taxation,
Addresses of Inspectors of Taxation for this District:
VANCOUVER DISTRICT.
Assistant Inspector of Taxation.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Assistant Inspector of Taxation,
NELSON. B-C
B. O. STOCK AND HAY RANCH
For Sale
1700 acres, with ahout 200 acres
natural meadow.   Ahout
1000 acres especially adapted to
tame grasses, easily cleared,
and can ho irrigated; never
failing creek, ami ranch borders on large lake; small
buildings; railroad sidetrack
on place; plenty of outside
range. Price $10.00 per acre;
terms arranged, K. A, Russell, Cranbrook, IJ. 0.    2!)-4t
Inspector of Taxation,
Moi sons Bank Bldg.,
VANCOUVER. B.C
-^
Industrial Soviets In Belfast
Keep Away From
W A Y NE
More Men than Jobs., Will notify
through The District Ledger when
conditions change.
Feb, 27, 1919.   John Kent, Sec'y.
Envelopes
100
Printed
$1.00
Postpaid
over France belongs to us.''
Politicians, statesmen and the
diplomats.who speak for the old
world cannot fathom mass action.
Therefore, they condemn it, oppose it and attempt to crush it.
They might as well try to check
tho ice packs in the June Yukon
or the sweep of the trade winds.
The masses are aroused. They
have been starved. Their children
have died of disease, Their sons
have been lost in battle. Their
lives havo been crippled and broken. All these things havo come to
them under tho reign of capitalist
society. Thc masses have reached
the conclusion that capitalist so-
eiety is a menace to human happiness and well-being, the masses
have made up their minds that the
capitalist society must go. Ex-
perieuco has made them wise.
Misery and suffering have made
them hold. The masses have spoken. The crusade has begun! Tho
indomitable, invincible mass crusade, crying its message.—Bread,
peace   and   liberty — eapitali*m
UHlti'i. Uu'-"
FINNISH CO-OPERATIVE
MOVEMENT SHOWS    ,
B10RB8ULTS
tans in Pershing's army be released to them and that plenty of arms
and ammunition be given to them as well." All this time the Bolshevist Army is "sweeping thru the Lithuanian country at a rate that
makes it obvious that it will have been over-run long before adequate'military1'aid can arrive there." ,,
Correspondence dated January .3.1st by same writer—Oswald
Garrison Villard—states " Wilson himself is reported to have shown
his teeth at Wednesday's conference and to have let it appear that
there are times when ho will fight ...Lloyd George   is not so
happy as he was and is complaining that the conference is slow."
Open diplomacy is so open in. Paris that we read: "Evidently
there is no intention of using the American Press to educate people
in the details of the scheme before it is sprung on the world" but
perhaps t'he next item is of most interest to the workers "The
growing unrest in various nations is reflected in Lloyd George's
own feeling of impatience." Mentioning the conditions in England
he says:,"While greatly pleased that the Peace conference is taking
up international Labor problems it is feared that'Any action will have
too much Governmental flavor especially since Qeopge Nieoll Barnes
nnd Mr. Gompers will haye so much to do with it."
We no not hesitate to endorse that, as we have known these
two "gentlemen" and watched thoir actions in the past, and are
glad to learn from all sources that the laboring men of England have
ditched their "leaders" and arc acting independent of theni—'leaders whose function it has been to fool the workers. Further we
are told that it is reported that Wilson has ordered (lumpers to
attend the Heme conference "where he is not wanted." Wo cau
only hope that he will get a worse reception than he did iu England
last year, where his Goiuperistu got a .seven* blow from the laboring
classes, i
In summing up lhe two epistle*, one is inclined to the conclusion that the Pence <V,nfcrenee h more of a grand .squabble amoug-it
the noted and brillicuit Al) diplomat*, accompanied by a continuous
and dissatisfied growl from the press correspondent*.
However wc must "wait and see", ami in lhe mcantimv we hour
that the workers iu Belfuxl. arc forming "industrial Soviets"; that
STRIKES TO BE REGULATEDj*""***0^ workers are,, treading along the t*u\m* pitth .md that    in
UNDER CONSTITUTION      J Seattle ami Portland they have formed orgunizulioiiK of workmen
. .  | and soldiers callc
President!--ci his ie. thuugh
"While It Is .Day" is a fine article, in the last issue of the
Nation, from which wc reprint the following:
"The despatches from England, meagre as they arc, should in
our judgment be resolutely and disinterestedly considered by minds
who guide the larger operations of American industry and commerce. . . . Strikes are many, and widespread, and obstinate in
all major branches of British industry. The city corporation of Belfast has been superseded by a strike committee or Industrial Soviet,
"uncommonly well organized," as one despatch admits, which administers the affairs of the city from its sessions in Artisans Hall.
Important public utilities in Glasgow are conl rolled and admin-
istercd by the local strike, eommittee^_wlinsp_.p-tm-uu; appnacs-ta-lM-
frier-easing so rapidly that the city looks forward with quite definite
expectation to a state nf things essentially similar to that provailin
in Belfast. Tho hundred thousand transport workers, associated
with great numbers of railwaymen, threaten a strike which, if called, will unquestionably lock up the whole transportation system of
the kingdom ;and a general nation-wide strike is openly talked of as
tin imminent possibility. Meanwhile, considering the magnitude of
these industrial disturbances/remarkably little violence and disorder
have been reported," '
No letter .should 1k> mailed without
the return address to the sender .ami
one dollar we will print your address
on one hundred good envelopes nud
send thein to you post paid.
Cash With The Order
Send us $1.00 for a triaJ order. If
you prefer a better envelope send us
$1.25. Prices for larger quantities are
proportionately lowor.
fEnvelopes
About the same time as this report, we rend in the Edmonton
Journal: Referring to "demands put forward not to obtain fair conditions but to overthrow the existing order, to destroy the Government," the premier (Lloyd George) declared: "I say in all solemnity,
on behalf of the Government, that we are determined to fight'Prussianism in the industrial world exactly as we fought it on the continent of Europe."   So Lloyd George is beginning to show liis hand.
American Senate Protest! About British Embargo
100
Printed
$1.00
Postpaid
ei>* ilistnci £cb$tr
NOTICE
We beg to advise all men to
stay away from Nordegg, Alberta,
as the mines are overcrowded.
JAS. BEWSHEB,
Secretary Nordegg  Local Uni#n,
25-fli    No. 1087, U. M, W. of A.
gtie, Last year ihey organized a
wholesale with headquarters at
Superior, Wisconsin, which "is
steadily enlarging its capacity,
PLOVERS OF LABOR
New   York.   N.Y.-The   Finns
constitute  a most remarkable r«-
eial (rroitp in lliix enttulrv.   Thev i i     ,     .,. ... ,,,„.    .,        ,    ,. ...   , , .. , ,*      .,
have aholit 150 ^.operative *„.j. — {«•'«» "•I'l""* «'»»«•'* "'•"•/ """",I "'  \»*™ »"«« s",«'"™ '     -
•Mies, with assets of approximately] Mexico Cily, Jlex. President! *c. ms as tlmuuli the worker* tt-i-jv al b<M wiikiiitr "p .md ltk.ni.'
iji.'i.iMJU.IKM, and willi annual Ini*- it 'arran/.a has proposed an amend-j upon themselves some of the problem* vyhidi affect theni most. Th<-y
ines* of #MWIfl.O0O. They havo) mctit to the eorttt tint ion of Mexico! |)|v *,,,,,j..*_, ,|„, |||M/,.,..„„,| b^rimr ii>,- ;ii,*.i<;.,r,M, • "<< i-iy*-.. •<,■*...■■.
t',i*i'Htu*-ttj, ni*f*m mUic,! hy «-, mr llit* ivguirtlmll ol -strike* ami | ,(H(f Worker* m,i„. ,.',-,„ |,.,Vl. ,- .?»,;„,, .,, j,.,',. t,„j . ,,,* ..j,.,;;.., ,i:;,i „
liO.lt      1*3.(NK1     liii-loi.wU,     Uith     II   Ihe   liiktlHJ-   over  ol   the   iffi'ill    ill-• ii'm'
yearly hiwines* of #'2.f KMMKHt s four idmdi i.t! projmrtiex of the eiouiiry. | w,»r|d '" •*»»»•
'inilK three !.i;t);eries, 'Jt', bojirdhg'Th.' aiiiendiiient cuilaite* tii.- fd j ' -' "   ' -- ■'■'-' ■-'—————— —~ ■    *~*~"~*~  "'"'"' *""~~
U*,iiM*a, three  juiUlld.iurf  li.>ii*.»,ji,.ttjlltf provision,: (FINANCIAL BDITOR THINKS AMRHICA IS   FAFE POE KM-
thivc daily pa*pei>, two nioiithlici. j "The M-i-xii'iiii piven.nii.eul h.> .' ,
nml two weeklies. The** are; ritflil to iiiiimwo'. «( any time, upoit i
tun     eo.«pe-r«nni" so«i»»a»,     I at-, private property any eiinatfe* »»." *
," ,„',, J'„,n,",s„.'.,,*» .-*<!* .'• ..j, i^tieummmi-iuiiiii** Ui,\i imwiimmiU'M .»>'-,-,    i*<i,%,     line ciikuf  m     i oiiuiiei.e an.l   i'main'.-,     it   Wall
.hiitetl nhtmi. ,f.UHI,iHHl uorUi of li- '* fjcial lo public welfare.   For iio , street publication, holds the opinion that a irei'teral strike in the
y^Mltf he) tw TVF-wh.W(,*.i$r;m,r- of making a fair •!!»?«•! |;„„ei| States ,* ,»„ impossibility.     IU> look* (uv %>we labor dU-
developed  nwatkim.  »mt have but ion of publtc wealth am   aim | readjustment,   Anv ,,,.,, tin! ,eti...»
established   two   co-operative   -tt-iimr toward  tU oivseivalioii, iliei »        i
ihum-iiwih   para*,    limy   wmmhwIi piYornim-nt Mtnli «!«• tw, entitle ] «•• »•- l-u ••»  <»e A,ti*'ti*„H *..rM.-M. m.wever, h i.»iw»m to the
itehonK  librariM.  meetitur haIN   to regulate the exploit ion and u-i "spirit of sanity" displayed by the Ameri. an people,
dramatic entertainment-* and eon- tjlHy of Ilim* natural  »*Nnettts!        '|„ u„, Tnited SlateH," write* the editor, "num*- IVictiou and
cert*.   They own many building*   found in the country nud w'lHi j nM#tt|elBait wiu< n0 lim\,t, \,t, jn^hl«iilal to the inevitable nad ins!
Tn New York Cily ihey have a »,»y b«* sunceplibln «f ttppmpr it-1
five-atory   biiiMing   whieh   coalition.   Private ernieon*.«r negntbt.   ««•«- »' »«»e «ag, s, ah* «»"*«"««»
WfifitYi    It ..intoltxt n lihrar/.'tiuiwof put.Ii-.-utiti'ty.MWtidtoulyjto P'-'ii-- >--nA\t<- us, Imt !!,**■ !utfH> ^...yy, , a,\,-y,i, ,*•„.».■.,
ilormiloriwi, billiard room, bow- < hy individual* or societies, shall i a condition of American life would wm to be n 'xttaratitee nirnirist
lilm tklUy*, and je'rves for a g.'u-  i.ws.-   n.i   lindil   to  »u»iM_od   Im-ir \ Heriotis trouble <»ven if the e*senlial sitnily nf mir people, .-i nitt-ii t].
NEW YORK, Feb. <>.■—An Associated Press dispatch from Washington says;
Democrats and Republicans in the sennte today joined in
criticizing the new British embargo on imports and falling atteutiou
to the effect it would have on American industry. . During the discussion that followed, Senator Reed, of Missouri, Democrat, attacked
the Carnegie peace foundation's activities abroad, questioned its!
loyalty and declared it should be dissolved. j
Senators Knox, of Pennsylvania, Republican, and Ashurst, of ■!
Arizona, Democrat, joined in the attack. j
Senator Weeks, of .MiiKsachuscttN, Republican, and Senators j
Lewis, of I'llinois; Smith, of Georgia, nnd Re-cd of Missouri, Demo ;
erals, led in'protests again-Nt the Brimh cinhnr-vo.
Senator Weeks wid lie did not chiirjro that tlu* embargo wn<*!
aimed against, the I'tuted States, but Senator Lewis remarked thai a1
majority of articles listed are inamilVttiied tu the American middb
west.     The llliii'HH senator Kitid Ihe'a- - H ».. - ....-.- , „„. ,(!)„.|^ ,„. ,,,,..  ,  hnm, ptlWer
•war. (with jnek.    |iull<y>    bidts    and
| "I   ini'iled  the  attention  ui *llriti.»l»  olll.'i.d- f" the drl;e|Ue : -I'afting; 2 ail steel barrows; set
I situation." he continued.     "While the president i* iir Krattec hat-
i tling for llie principles which nur coinitry feels nre rii»hi, i„,v of nur
H. OSTLUND
Solicitor for Diitrict 18, U. M.
W. of A.
MacDonald Block
Lethbridge, Alt*.
FOR SAL£
1 cement iiitxer; I    two seetion
. ,   , . , hand ami tfi'jivel v.-c-eii; I tamper
•tion mnrlit brmjf 0,1 rt tr;i<|e ; f)H, j,,,,,.,^ ,„. ,,,,..
Allies takes a course so mimical
thai   i'   ii ejil.-ttbteti   io ereat-i* it  '"'H! iincp
eailfani.sx mirmony in fitc I'nited Mnl'*.
\ "tcinfc Mar." tii.it indeed would !
e.-lplllilist order nf society. Iill! Id ll« )mtt
ii« '. .1   iii .M.»   V.tlii   tins  tjlH 'sllo.'l ;
f'iilmonioti di'iurf il: "The < fulnf!'" whi
the   Well'lU'e  ■>.('  Hie   I   Jti!.--I
.ni   Mir.ci
l.ll'K.     fllf
V )• '.    !'.  .
'»fn. lii    uHMiht*, four
i and    12 inch   walls.
*•   "t.sjdeti.: dfsd'iption.
W. J Lightbart
Lundbreck, Altn
in.e
till -^   i I .
<><: tin-
1*1 ttt  It..
!»..-.* '*
l*r',..'■>
wall;
,**!,... •**.
luroed
wen: I
11  -rt.
ti.** .**
nA>
t..i(*
■f»Ut« Itwlng unit Hair i-*M.-h«t.—
;.«-«»« tttOntn <f*er ««<n*«'«n4 hi*tt*t ctnw,
'VlrtorU   A-r«mtKi.   -Mr*    Wm    \lt«>n
'list
...I,,*
' .'i lain
d»t,"U*
<i{*
W'•!,.*.*.- *i*      *'  »»*,***».    .**
tri tout, s(;md or «li«
-,.-,* -»!.,    .-, :<***   • , "*    •
and |.*ej,ts( tu
(■Sr.-itl Ht'il.i
ti, w i
lu-ard the Vauki'e
I Te.'icher of
I Piano and Organ
[Theory.  Harmonv, (".''intcrpf:
int.
when  th'"   Vi!nl;ee  IniVsj
llrilnui,  no Hootier had I
id.
ilnii
oral wwdai eenter ami «hil» pur- biwinew m » result or iFrom «"/! monstrattsl. eould not be relied upon.   3k!or. than half of   th- Am
p**H«.   Th* Finns rtWldnHI onr nt Mher tmihr r-an«es. without prev-!    , t   ;	
lit.ti'cit  !"   lh«-   if*
eiidttig Hi their t»|iMiiiy  charge; »Jr« at
■»|i«> siteeee.le.l in t-xtr\"tt1 im.? her two fianiU front the t'feaf ntouth of';
ithe tlermntt war monster, toil  *,]*** \,r**ee*tU scltMily  tn put wp 'h'*{,
*"* hats or »•*"» trade atfii<ti*l the very race and the very nation that went!
"* . to llel"  rescue." j
"   •        ■'      ' '■•■.'*'■'      '      * f>      ,' ■.•••***. .»      -      .   I      ..*..!-      Itt      ("t-t        ,t|      , I.f
Inited S»ai«"i. Doivever. il,**r* m aiway* the llkrlitonwl «»f ilep^rta-;
*•*,•*#•»• ctH-itl,
».,o«»t|K»*t»*»*m,
■ 1} ..7:   ,*,
NOTICE
tton.
the hmt tm-ommW* bank* jr. the tmia itttSi'rlia'tlon f^m"th« Kw^n-! ^rtn popnlalimi now live in cities,    lint iexx- of these citic ar,. ——
eonntiT. I live,   Tho Government shall be: provisioned more thnn two days ahead and any wriotis interiiption a word which tn pro|*rly d*-lm»*«l n* 'mm-^tiii-ng *.#msTifh tru*
th* ttrmt mnhritv of lhe 2WV »»iiiyH>irereil to take over sneh pri-, in the operation of the aireneiwi upon which they depend for fon*| a«*inallv imp^>*i*ihl>^,"
flOOPJu-ttauitIwCttIUtIStAU*AVV.)Viit». n«n*rim, pr»vi.Utl lU**» it »tau(i 0tj,(,r neeewiiUes of eiv'dlz-iHl life would r-tmult in th« mtarvatttHii j        This view ts generally h««hll among thinkinflt hu«ine«i wen who| thrwiigh Tin* Dwtriet  l^l^r
M"'!e*f* ;-'.'■ ■■* -Rioted to *iar
nc-iv fre'ii ^foitnfjiifi !*ark aa
i:.er*» !« « sf^ortatff of mine t^rs.
ii,-:, .tijiilttlilf :„ miit-.'.tu t|u*o-
.      .. ...k,.*   . » ^ ,,, ,,-!• Il<)||tt*t|
te very wage winter* who reiluse io work,
consider the Atrierie/m labor aHHetnenf to he conservative and under
embraced   in   tb«   «M»p«i»thre'*hcVi*x*4 tho ansptinion ot ^mm\     . .. ...
movomont. Pradieally all of tb,* m«y be detrimental to the inter-jmw {"*'»*»»«►»"» ...        ... » ,   ,    ,  *    * *e* * .•      * *.
Pinnbh   aoeitti-ti   aw  afWHatwl Lit-* ©f mrMy. or may impair pub* j *\ny geni*ral «tnk* i*. therefore, one of the impossible   |N»«..«s.i«itnd ml *afe I«-a«l*r*     Tb«.v inadr wo m»nti«»n *4 tht* moreradical
with UwFlntrtifc Cp-aponUwo Itctt-U't* •ervieen," nibilitiea alt*ady iliii«ni*w<l in the paper.    It would be a paradox    ! pha*<-« of the American lal»or movement.
MOUNTAIN     PARK     LOCAL
UNION. No 3659,
U M W of* i
PAGE FOUB
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C. MARCH 7,1919
SOME  EDITORIALS  WRITTEN
AND SOME CLIPPED
When the writer was at the District 18 convention ono of the leading
spirits of tits district said to him:
"You ought to hav& more editorials
in The District Ledger; the men like
to read good editorials." lie was
kind enough to say that there had
been some editorials of merit in this
paper. *
That remark brought to our recol-
letetion a statement we Since heard
made by Arthur iBrisbane who received from Hearst the largest salary
ever paid to an editorial writer.
Brisbane's editorials were widely
read in all the Hearst papers. "The
reason my editorials are read," said
Mr. Brisbane, "is because they express what the people are thinking.
I go out in the restaurants at lunch
time and enter Into conversation with
whoever is at my table on a certaiu
subject. Then I try to find several
othors to talk with me on the same
subject. I find a genera! agreement
on some topic and then I write In harmony with those Ideas."
The editor of The District Ledger
cannot pursue this method, and inasmuch as he has to write editorials for
the rank and file of the mine workers
in District 18 he has to depend a good
deal on what he hears from individuals of that rank and file ff he wishes
to make his editorials popular with
those whom he serves.
Very frequently the editorial typewriter clogs up and cpfuses to fun
smoothly and on such occasions 'vo
use our big shears. Here is an editorial written by that old veteran B
GRAND MASQUERADE
BALL
VICTORIA HALL
Wednesday, March 12,1919
8 Piece Orchestra 8
Tickets $1.50 a couple    Refreshments
await the pleasure of some other mas,
ter who may be* pleased1 to use the^
some more. It is all very simple an,j
easy to understand, unless the cra^,
iurnj of the investigator be made Qf
material no less permeable to reaso0
than reanforced concrete. Slaves a^
property and what is more to the poi^t
they constitute all there is or ev^f
was to property that could bring to %
owner or owners' revenue, a som0,
thing gotten without effort upon t^
part of those! owners. They constitute
all there Is on earth that Is bought
and sold in the market, all that y
measured in teirms of trade, eommer^'
and exchange, for whatever is ^0
measured has been produced and ex,
■change value given to lt by the laboj'
of these slaves alone. 'Behind evew
stock, bond, deed, mortgage, loan a^-j
debenture or other evidence of prop/
erty ownership, stands the slaves §(
civilization to make good the valu^
therein supposed to rest. The static
of the slavits ni property is clear aiy
unmistakable. Sir Alfred Yarra-^
knows all about It."
--o-
THE WORKERS AND THEIR ATfi/
TUDE   REGARDING   INTOXICANT5,
Thd recent convention of Districf
IS went on record in favor ofallowi^
beer to bo made with 2 1-2 per ce^f
T/Kiii'slVrwK now tods'; medium  l^oh± hy Z^'J^llZ?^ £ I
of expression in the Labor Star, the  ^^gtL/J^ u^MVh» - *
,^t journal  for  the  workers   in    **,*?J«»*,**£ **y»g
"That  snuffs'   old   reactionary   S   sale"   *n,e maJ°rlt>' of the delegate
Gomjei. chief mogul of the Tmeril at *» convention  were  opposed  „
can Federation of Labor, loudly and'*1*' re^x nf\ of„ "*e Prohibitlon, la^
emphatically asseverates that "labor: b(ut s"tficient of them were under w
is not a commodity." , Considering \ ^ructions from their locals „to car,./
who that pompous worthy is it would !in?, IiGSOI"t!'°1*1, , ~    n, ? , .
be little short of sheer impudence to', \l IS uot th« PU]?fe ot™e D.,strlcJ
clispuut the great man's dictum. Still I J-edBer. to enter into a discussion J
it would be a relief to the mind of the! lle mems °r t«'o and a half per canJ
doubting Thomas if the erudite head;bee; as compared with two per corf
of the great collectively-bargaining I or two argue that prohibition is or *f
concern wotiKi .succinctly sot -forth just »r'{ m ■mfnngm«it of personal liberty;
what he and. his aggregation of talent Thefe is * p°in\howS ^hH
is bargaining about, anyhow. It woul^ W0]^Grs sh°uld not ove5.,n0,ok ?Jtllai
appear that if therd Is bargaining go-j !s tbat af? the consumption of alco^J
ing on it must inevitably be over Slessens ^J™ °f ^f'Ti^^K
Mmnth:nR in tho shape of a commod- creafs" J,ho tttop£ !gc,°' l^w'M
itv-    - t*     inmcthinu   fnr   *->1a    nnB  -WPP'' made thej Russian revotuti0^
ing over anything else. Can any oth- ! jf*'™ie?i tf i^nS? \^
er thing be- bought and sold except JUe a»sencne ot «™Jf'fnII®ss.-lhM
prorortv in some form or other? Audi101"5 "•»«> f.r«°« °lf^[?„^«{
« ir ,.,',t »™« th..t biiMv n».<™it-v-nf : remarked: "I?-we only hart, the, boo-^
ercd for safe Snd over PJK * men I back (t woul* & mu,ch *8ler^ *<>
icrcri  tor h-ait,  ana  over  wait 1 men, our m(m to reasonable agreements."
The powers that be in Great Brlt^
arc now mixiotts to have mora b^,c»
Convention Reminiscences
b.irpain and haggle in the marker, is a
comuuKiitv ?    Of what .*eli£8 does tbe
category  of  commodities   consist of.
^nii ?Tinir afticrOS-or piecea «h iivujf
aiifl atrnneor beer and to remove typ
The following paragraphs or
V-um^s ate to be a personal ex-
^ressi-ou of the editor of Tlie PU-
^iet ledger regarding tbe rei'eut
^onve^tion of the mine Workers
^f Distinct 18- As it will deal with
Personalities to a Considerable extent the thin ice which is being
^kateti over will have to be coq-
^ideroa and the combination of
Mie second and the nineteenth
Wterjj of the alphabet will be a-
Voided us much as possible.
If J .eould write this story with
Vhe ^reedom of language that
^harat;tenses my - friend Billy
uopkins, who-was one of the
brumhelfer delegate's, it WQUld be
lar m0r« interesting. It mattered
hot whether the subject under dis-
^ussictu was salaries for Cauadian
hiflthtir^. the undersirability of
^bink jabor, the expenses of run-
hing the district or the merits or
iteuievits of the Soviet form td
■^overianwnt, Billy was always
Veady with a pungent expression
Hght io the point. BiHy has never
Wen married and his '.tooRue
Has jiot un d e r g 0 n 0 the
training necessary for a position
W a .diplomatic co^ps. This story
Vill Hot be written as Billy would
Vrite jt. •
Thore \yas another Drumheller
delegate by the name of Sullivan,
'rherft was absolutely no danger
of classing Sullivan as an "alien
Miiimy," I1 would never do to
tlassif/ him as Herr Sullivan, his
Heh brogue Would give him away,
Sullivan was horn a short distance jjortli of Cork-, at the village
of Binney, lie got away from his
hative heath without ever having
'kissed the famous stone which
'gives'to the kisser thereof the faculty -of flattery in the nth degree.
Suiliyiin is a "staunch union man.
not tii)*3 of your wjshy-washy kind
that doesn't know what unionism
means or one who thinks that a
little hit add-t-d to wages, and a-
hotfct-r' little bit taken off; the
.hours? of work will ever solve the
iahoi* problems He was not talkative in the convention but when
he did speak he said; something
and his vote was always directed
in the manner ho believed wmil-1
l,t   i-lir. lv/icf■■jnfAwigfg nf tVin lnffll
T*-T~*-****l~***—t**,U",.    *,-•—-l-u.-.*——-*—--»■-.■» —
away Serbia. Alex Susnar says
he can't speak English very well
but he certainly can speak at it
a whole lot and when there was
a really live topic under discussion
Susnar was ready with a peppery
resolution andj.prepared to back
it up. He is a board member (or
was a board member) and there
were some keen passages at arms
between him and his fellow board
member Frank "Wheatley. The
pair of them, together with President Christophers were elected to
accompany International Board
Member Livett to the policy committee meeting in Indianapolis on
March 18. I will bet dollars to'
doughnuts that there will not be
any noticeable silence at that Indianapolis gathering in the corner occupied by District 18.
Delegate W. p. Plummer, of Cardiff, Alberta, was one of the many
interesting characters bf the convention. Ile was born In Limestone
county, Texas, on the site ot the old
Parker Fort and lived under the
Southern confederacy when that body
had control of the south. His father
had lived in Texas since the time it
was owned by Mexico and the young
Plummer had all the experiences
that Belong to the time of Billy the
.Kid, the James boys and all those
notables of the frontier days. Those
were the days before* the) orders-ln-
council and a roan, "quick at the
draw" was the belt protected against
Apaches, Comanches and the white
outlaws of the ranges. Delegate
Plummer can tell many ..a thrilling
story of the days of his youth. When
he left the cow range he drifted
through Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arkansas 'and other states and
finally landed up in the coal belt of
northern Alberta. Delegate Plummer
is strongly opposed to the iniquity of
our money and banking system and
believes it is responsible for a great
share of the economic troubles we are
having. He is not a "revolutionary
socialist" as were many of the delegates but if it pver -comies to a scrap
it is my opinion that the Texan will
be "there with the goods."
was on" the tongues of Delegates Carruthers, of Cadomin and- Delegate
Alex McRoberts, of Taber. There ar<j
Scotsmen >and Scotsmen. Robert
Burns, the great poet, adored wber>
ever haggis is eaten,'is considered)
the greatest of all in his expression of
the real feeling of -his countrymen and
it is to be remembered that Burns
was a revolutionist. Listen to this:
"A fig for those by law protected;
Liberty's a glorious feast;
Courts for cowards were erected;
Churches    built   to    please    the
priests."
If Bobby Burns were alive today he
would be in jail in no time iif he came
to Canada " Holy Willie's Prayer,"
"The J^ly Beggars," "The Twa Dogs"
and others of his masterpieces would
never get by our Canadian censorship and only the fact that Burns is
not as wid-ely read as he deserves to
be prevents his poems from being on
the list^f banned books. But we were
speaking of McRoberts and Carruthv
ers. They are readers of Hum? and
beltetve that "a man'a'.«. man for a'
that." iThey believe that to the producer of wealth all wealth should belong and have both got their shoulders
to the wheel in the endeavor to roll
along the -chariot of progress.
If I had the time to spare there is
a lot I would like to write about other
d-elegatea to the convention. Thachuk, of Canmoro; -Basettl, of Coalhurst; Dlok 'Beard, of Michel; Potter
and Dickenson, of Fernie; 'McNab,. of
Lethbridge and others I had intended
giving a paragraph to but I will have
to let them slide tor the present,
There should also be a good long
screed about the officers; that may
come'later.
LhtV« Wl Z SJK«TS '■ W»« Smi ot'l.KfnTlh."^^     I kartell to Stflivaj, oM «*■
jask for changes In the liquor laws n^
I to carry any blame attached theret^"
unxlity," for labor Is really the rtc.liv ! ™°  ^ff  hive,-nothing  to  Ra|£
,.1 i and everything to lose by any incroa^
ln the supply of intbxk-ants.
~o
labor?   It may bo technically correct
to assert that "labor is not a con-
ery of the commodity "labor power"
that Vi\e worker has contracted to dp-
ing. af.'w'c sat in the corridor of
the St- Heffia Hotel, "I've never
seen Prnmheller and when the
•springtime comes, if the walking is
! <'oo<l" you may see mc passing
thro^h." Sullivan replied:
"Vos.'.voii ought to see the prum-
for ciRht hours aud St docs not alter. " i b-MliJ vallev     I'll tell .VOU what
the fart by suying (hat he is hired for ! Traitors and spl*s deserve de^. !'" v' .." • \.mr\,.m nr)„ ftf t|lllS(,
that period of lime. It is aU the same ; Such ha-, beon the opinion of tri,,/, it lnnK» »k«?. W»ppo seonto M ^
anyway.   The delivery of the commod- [ an-l v,z'J.om nino-fl away back to ;]>;; bigf^t /eppclins Jind sailed.««■■
gret-s to work eight hours for a certain ! TRAITORS   AND   SPIES   DESE-Hy*^
sum.   That, is, ho sells his labor pow v.* '. EXTREME PENALTY
for eight hours aud it docs not alter
mixed up In rogarrt lo the status of ■ of another country to endeavor to vj'f4*\j AWl)  there vmi Ore.   It looli*-inst
the worker liinny other people are not j rovet tho military or othur serrot,, 0^y]p |j,nt    ^ a„ {f t]l0 boxes Iuul
For Instaneo, there Is Sir Alfred W-! Mint   country,  both  are  beyond  irtf!,.'   , l.,    . ,. ..   .,       '    ,,
row, head of tho great HhlpbuildiiiK; clemency of the law and swift <leIlpM,,V ^p?M«'<''»wn. ripfllt side up and
company* on tlm Clyde.    A most In-, Is meted out to Uicm. f *j ev«^y other way.    It 8 SUre some
teroKtinirlniervlow with this Ms nipi-1    T!u?re Ir miK-h -sound soiis-a and *j,f/H pljiOp   i.s the Prllinhcller Valh'V."
talist was recontly run in the dully i kit 1 nr^inwut to l«i«H up an opiui(r j ' —^^_    '»
proHH.   While'the big fhlphulldor lhy : thin. Hte shooting of traitors and »t)ir'n;     t* *, «        ,,    ...
liinwj', of cmirw) mnki'H num.Tnt».i:Hl.;is ,1u,stlfiable. i     '/'<' WW* of an  I'mqjhshninn
utlKsiotis reganliiig the family affair*;    Today wo t'l'id thnt the -iraii'.v.,/^ fl»d jilt  lrishmnn (ind  now I nm
or the present  ruling  class   that  St »Ua!>or are qulto freely engi-wilii* i.,>'} Roiltg to pick throil«li mv roeol-
were hotter to bo kept secret, ins Ih la-  to kcttp wil bin tins. or-wiiis-Ulnr-i /';, i(U,t;,..,,,  ■)•,.,. B„„i«*ihiri» ,iiL„i  *ti..»
Imrlng   uinLr   no   tWuslons   nd   to; iho    workora   with   traitorous   m)'1   Vi •        !•      ,... ,ni ff *»oiH- tlie
Ih* «ttnu* »>r Ihe working man under i ti-ca-fliproun Intent.   It* Its a woll luW'"1!ot'   *" Tliit|Onnlit»*o« tor tlipy Were
Um fxIstlUR   dUponKatlon   of   thitiga -fact tlrit nearly «\ ery < mpln>«r oi {,-,'"' j Jill  l|H'i'*i',    AhoHI  lhe only phiee
material and mundane.   He blurts nut: coiioldcrulilu body of organli-.il n*,(;n (ttot  fi'iH'ttneiilinl   wa
the fact that "Britain ia financially; . <v
crippled by tho wnr,"   Ho t.houl.l not; I
hav» (th'eii tlilh away, for lo uproad
surh ri'UnttH around h not oalculatnd,!
to make It any easier for the victim; h»iman tinitm*" no tnnt ne can Ki/f'j kihh"Wliivn n7*«Hn!«inr»ti. n eout
of linptm-iUiitt bttultruptcy to woulluir, within tl*on« unluu-x in-..- ur t\v» !i-*U/j,,f l»rtiti'«l St'iiU»Hi.**i ih.,i'1. „.iii. nf
tho storm.   Itut wh«n lt comoa down i twin who i-nn <1« wurli towanlH ^ « ,    1 1 , t!,    „r . 1
to siting forth th<^ status of labor Mir loading tho«*« with whom thoy a.,/vj,'*,^> "«^t««i«'W-   Tho V,eh)i M*on«
Yarrow nmbm no mistake,   llu «ay« t:inic». | vvi»M r''pri,'«"!iN'*i nml „n{* of the
that  oiuh  younx   Briton   oosi,»  tlio     Tho organU«.l workuni today »^hri»htest,  hrniniout   ilelepiteH  of Iby »o many of«». Citfrhionl is afhio
countryUM to ral«o tinianh .ml.   "li  ,VmI with pltfnllf. at every turn,   ftt j th* l.iinch Would lmvo to rUU in n  «PW»mon <* m»nho««J Mi his allnhtly
woKond nhon-Houlor tho country, wttiafiair-i of the world aro in a criv^'; i._ ,.„-,.   ^ „ ;#'J* • \.  , Uwnrtftv faco 1% giirmoiin-!o<l hv n Lm
4X|n>oi nome monotary return, but W condition «"«! muoh may hapi^n *■> ij"" <»* W »t ho ovor vmltctl J, £^k ;*»tJ" *%$° "ittihor ho
telegram from home that a brand new
baby daughter had arrived and that
mother and babe were doing well. He
just had to tell the good news to someone so he told nie and that was the
beginning of an exchange .of "confidence between us. I don't think that
Easlham will mind my telling that he
started out on his way toward being;
a clergyman   and  took   the   college
Who Should Run Fernie?
To The District Ledger:
At the meeting of the city council
last week there were deputations from
Gladstone Local Uulon, the G.W V,A.
and the Ladies' Auxiliary. The question under discussion was tho passing
of a resolution regarding the expulsion of all "enemy aliens." The council favored a change In the resolution
specifying those "who by actions or
speech have proved themselves unJe-
sirable
!t so happens that there are -t Koud
number of members of Gladstone Io
cal union who are of alien  nrth but.
against whoth there can no chtuio bo
laid of being enemies of the cou-.iry
A noteworthy incident of the meet.
ing was the sneering remark passed
The   delegate' from   Humberstone |>y Mrs. (Moffatt regarding Gladstone
Local was Ed. Eastham.   The second' local .unlou, wh'cuV81}6 ^id not thinl*
day of the convention Eastham got a ^running  this  town.     I  wral..
.    . -.- -   »   -        - ... . ° Kl.rt   *i\  l.rtt'r,   -.-,*.„   ntthltch   tlira   fnllnw ills-
course right up to" the fTnals when hlf
original answers to 'sortie of the theological queries stamped him as heterodox. He quit* the preaching idea and
tackled honest work, learning his
trade as a decorative plasterer and
getting Into the labor, movement.
I.ilce many million other workers he
drifted hither and thllhor In search of
a job and finallj' Sot work uo at Hum-
berstone mine. He ls well read, a
good speaker,' loslcal in arprutneyt
an3 when he mnkea a point knows
when to stop. }}e wns the principal
speaker ngalnst the resolution which
w«R introduced putting tho convention on record In favor of stronger
than two-percent boor. I asked Eattt-
ham to put In wrltlmt his arxunienls
against boose and tlint Is a treat I
promise readers of The District Ledger within a fow weeks.
I have spoken of a birth durin« thc
progress of the convention. Thore
wns nlso a dftdh. The llttlo three
vear old son of Hoard Mombor -Prank
Whentlev paused nwnv In thn hospital
nt Cnlgary on the sixth day of the convention. Officials of District 18 at-
tendo! the funeral «orvl<:o« and tlio
convention pnsund tx wolutlon of sympathy. Thn IIMI* follow was taken 111
during Ihe flu oplrtomlc. Ho nev-or
folly recovered ami nf(«r complications cmifod his leath.
W'nvno locfil wnn rpprosenlod by A.
ra'chlonl, This rim of sunny ftnlv Is
not a sookor nft<*r pti'tllclty; ho ovon
rofusod lo sit In Ibo plcturo whon tho
group photo of iho convention wnn
bolng tnkon. His faco would hnvo
ho!t>ml tho picture nnd matlo up for
tko lack of physical liranty ovldonced
like to have you publish the following
open letter to Mrs. Moffatt:
Dear Mrs. Moffatt: c
Your enthusiasm and interest in
I.O.D.E. work and Red Cross worU
Lave made you many friends. There
Is no question about your heart being
large and I know a nnmjber of soldter
boys whose days of gloom were made
htrr  '■"  *t"*  r"""1"*   "■*  «"",-"-°'l«  spilt
*lim—tr*j—i-th,*^—*™. .. ■,- . , .,m—i--  ■—::—;	
, 100 Per Cent Health
Efficiency At A Cost
Of 20 Per Cent Less.
S OUND natural teeth or
. teeth made sound by our well
known, high grade American Dental Methods .are a guarantee of
vigorous health 100 per cent efficient.. This month we have decide^
to continue our special offer ol 20
per cent off our regular fixed
moderate charges. Such a saving
is well worth your while so why
hesitate.   Peitfiaps you dread a dental operationVl&en put all
your fears aside.
DENTISTRY AS WE PRACTICE it IS A CBNTLE ART
DRS. BRUNER, RICHARDS & NELSON
Lethbridge Office: The Ott Block
Calgary Office: 116a 8th Avenue East
Edmonton Office: 3 Cristall Block
ii
<l
NORTHERN   HOTEL i
INVITES YOUR PATRONAGE |
Alberta readers of The District Ledger will find it to their |
ia      ..     ■                                                        ■'.'■■■■«.. m
1 advantage when visiting Fernie to stop at the Northern.  Thew |
s                                 " @
I will find it cosy and home-like. |
®
I
1
HIGH  CLASS CAFE
ALWAYS OPEN
languagr. plain onotigh
1km»U to un.l»r->unil. Th*? worhlns
pcnplf of Urltaln am Jtint llko hor*n»
and other domestic animals. Inasmuch
M It cost* lb* < ountry a ««rtaln sum
of money tn raiso thom to "manhood."
which In this cane nvnana to wan*.
alav-oryhood And tl««ii Jm.t llko hornos
and muloa If thoy enenpe thu ronflnos
of tlw duty provided past uro and h«-
yoad ibn n*nih of rwnpture, thf •mom
oy IMt tliat rt»*.ulu i« indwd »i-rl«nt*
TWMtfy billion dollr - • - —
■Meh Iom it no smnll
to »-WMinlfy lh»t U -atreaii)    iiimnni ,ni« hid in um -mtn* m -»•- ^-...-^ .        .
If ertM>l«d." aeewrdinf to Wr Yarrow.i#»*fH|MMUMi w* ainnoi htttp lla■»^^;u■*, tfltti'. 1 AP* ruth-rr intit^l «t
vn montnr be loudly complalna about Uomr rftrard, For th« »vx who inpft Hawaii onr. dav rnrlv in the Htm
11    Pm 11 ttet mithmmui .ovfttmjmoot to trr.Md «tlr «p d.-ror5^!"f }g t^ni^iS^^
litte*m*4 «"d In^ronim him «lor« ft'U xtf^n n r«»*l Hiwltmff fWi| of tho tion to si-md a jrwrtlnit from th* *ron*«
intftllltfinee. ^pon ih» solidarity $jrflast ttm\ ft tnr**n*t of the mrlh-immtlm to llm Soviet torornment of
th« worh-Mn and upon Ui<* deuro* fM ,, .« . .|h ,i,„ »iMil,wlj}A,.At *\.„ nn»!*l«. Th*»r wwn't 11 4t4epnie_vot#d
th«lr lnU>UI««nr# much d«pwd« In ^ m^t Mm*n. ine r«i«r»n©nor the|MW||lit tm W(mJntlon m i^i^t.
wimlng revolution.    The tlm«« ^''jWorhl-
fnr dc«r hc*dn    If continued oppr/*j -—	
num and tnrremln* *«ff«»rlnit «««jjl    ty 8u*oi|c rtolcgate Wa* Hajf-
^rM^KJir.J^L^.Slr!wih  from rorhin. « man who
and othert a«ln« «w««d fmm_i*Ui^{-doirif_ mtfly a top«ail \xpforo he
IoIIsth per y<*tr ot\tn plaro who nrn trwu^hwou* tr*U«C?j^^ fnok holt! nf n mfnur'a ntrk
U nttmniy 'flaaaelal *hl» life In hit bub* in W 4»M»»>! «**l. **y J^' w H««tWllll*a ttxoTt
mnmA  h«tp ka*»^ »f -wlor.  I ap* rnth-rr amu^l r*
For th« «py who t**fl. Hawaii onr ilay *ar!y In the H
%J^"$w4\&!^^
D«l*»tat*
TA. IWifford, of Itork Hpiintt vantud
to. Ilia latter han no patience with
r*wdntlon«nr bien* Imt he didn't want
to he rrrordH a* the only on* In that
fonvmtlon who wai not In sympathy
with th# Ifcriiihtvltfl
Thn two Cap* nrMffflftr* in tho data*
aation war* Rod MeJKmaM. of Blatr
more, and C„ p. \lortl»on. of Uotm.
rapa nraton wa« M-tHed ahout a ten*
tary and a half ago liy Highland
MiHM-oman and ihnlr daaeandanta itlll
waa | afMtak tha tiamlic when thay gat to*
> Lh*. wnri(.'iM;iii»n .»- pnipi»r v, i cnntnmpt   ttwjw™™",.   " £"*£ \ tilWjrtt -Wwt  kW ftttiUtV «*? m I «'»^«*'  Tlw>' mm ot ft aUlwaft rn««,
from Pernie through your organlza
Hon. You should now, in your declining years, rest happy Ut the' thouRlu
of the appreciated work that you havo
done. ',;"
You should not Biioer at the miners
or nt their lotAI oreanU'.atlon. It was
through no fault of ours that worker*
were brought into this country from
other than British soil. We have
worked with them, taken them Into
our union and regularly accepted their
dues, including contributions to the
patriotic and other funds. They have
bean good producers or coal and unless coal Is produced in Fernie thero
will soon be no Fernlo. Are you not
aware that It has l>i>en the minora
tthe members of Gladstone local i(
you will) who have mado Fernkv produced the Wealth that haa mado Fernie possible? The ininerH have a perfect right to "run Fornlo" If tliey ko
(leHlre just ns the workers, the pro-
durera, nil over the world have the
riicht to "run"the -world,
1 have -spoken of your lame heart,
if your ,tieud and mind woro as well
developed its your heart you would
know that the Any of Ihe worker*'
rule h Vii'ur at hand. You would know
lha!, from the product of the workers*'
tell thousands nf jmviiPites nre wavjv.r,
!i*h mid fat *!thout doing theiiwelvtv
•a stroke of useful work—useful wor?;.
mind you. In your sneer at the council nitiollng you roi-re-bouied that para-
►-.to cl;.*'.. In (ircut Britain li>.!ar
hundnnlH of thotiKands of workorA,
many of them with the urnr? df t!i«-
sreat war upon ihelr hodlest; nil ot
thctu with tho Mtlng of it in their
heartK ub they realize how tltosti t,*
their own f!«wh an<l blood suiftr*4
aud dlod; are revolting agaln«t the
parasHen and are talking bitterly.
Tho Intenxe hatred of paranites nm',
th»>lr plmjm I* (trowing anil only calm,
thoughtful action will prevent mourn
paraiit«» and plmp« from being rath
le-»t»ly cniohod nnder the Indignant
tnasa movement that la ■w**piug over
tha world, Thla la not a dream. It If
a fact and facta are "ntubtiorn chleU "
t lieaeach of you Mm, Moffatt, for
the Rood you have done, to refrain
from aneerlng at tha miners or at tho
workers. The problem of thi* premni
great affaire and you have paaaed thi
in too big for 5*o«r HrnltH group of
ia too hlg for your limited gra»p of
world affairs. Vou ara honeU,
nn rfoaht. In thinking that ytm eould
run" Fvrnle much better than the
mlntra hut It will apart you many r»-
%itU il jxm rtfralr. tnm "haf.tag In"
fa a problem whteh pmanta eompllca
tlont far be) ond your conception.
Believe me. dear Mra. Moffatt. to he
a good friend of youru who would like
to save you tome trowhte and preaerva
to thoa* admirer* ymi ham mad* hy
>our anihualaatte and aaeenafal an*
4**rorn to tnwrlda llttt-a eomfavta for
|a License No. 10-1770 '
%_ High Class Day and Night Cafe in Connection
I European and American Rotes.
See Us for Special Rates
Private Booths
!*'•'-;■'.'■   Phone 29
.isiisiafiaiis^i^^^
li
' I
l-Md of Som Uwtia.   And it amat
en and htoHt-f
WORKBIt
■H*"
|» worthy of cred-fmw then lhal the nutUn of th*
atatua ol th« work'ti^ninn w prnj«»r' ,v, | cnntninpt   tinnpealmT)
in every  _    _ _ _	
%JeTooTymnb""th* aetntu Mr. Oom-u union «r aHliwaa an agent pn««^Mifn%fi th* mail *Hh rwmltttlona to«f^»V^"than V« tb* lehinda of raawl1** *W* *ho enmomtbe tooo,mtot
nara might l»a ablo to ataap tt.  a xne^w m ™m in* motbtr* ,y* *J"*a#W»th« tfiiverfttnent.   tk* a*er«t»ry atltrataM whkli ta the mtotoo motmoAX ^"w »** »-•*"• «*■*«■ *,l,,J' w*
■*••■• nr ik« worfciocmaa in the name i Aenmrift* tf* b-i ■*■* ol*» «ln naywi rr/^; *       * . «.».-i, tn tk. nnint   mi
!^t JiMhTl^aad hoH^pow^ him In .trlpa aad white hl» mttot&\t^f** *«* n*™ }° *»• pft,B,< J?
mXm£^*t*mmmiti tkpxiom atflt up«t him i« bar* W* %#*\TlM»t nifffct Ifa«%»l! IpU »«« r*f J^ ,   ^H Oanada at owe
8HUtSlfflSSwi*rt» t"^^ MMhiw)   Pbhh    "Itt •Iw»ygP7^Xff»lI^^^3m^|   TonpNTO-Ona, olr   lha   oddeat
Umm  *t» t*h*r mmmMti**.  It I  —<*       -—        lX ^^ ^\,t «H«« TeA*\v |lrwwr»# waal<r»w» vr**ei*t wiCme*4a ta a Hewn ««o.|«i»tral itrlk#« In the hUtory or Can
aron14 ovomr mat oo aetaw mum pt*, toCtAMftT  »a&hvm» J* *w»r MBtfk., Mmmrmttv^ »llrt. Iif KW»i. Atm nm mm tha »*et»tte of caaaaa *****> **»j»w>^g** «* * «^<i«^»*«« »*<*
fAMd ana«»o«i« aa lha afowaatd i C1T TOOITHIIR Ikl ^ Jil ^3u-J mm   1U\ al. Wm mm Into Cipe nwten and fHi. «*t*m»nt of tha torn
loom mm emmmum    . _   .   _,,_ _, «hff ^^ nptVtheA me   W * »!• J,      , „„„„ ^p „ .MteKafitl*,     ll waa • atrlka of wtaw«ii aoMltr*
to walnee Hurler. FlaMhif. a poaal- moat of them crippled at lh«. Md ull
Me lander la alao a Nora BcotUn. and angagtd In  mrtfng artWetol  imi
| i»r»«iaf r,e**tw> Murray «f that ptot- yd lew for eoMferi who nottrrM In
„ ..„ .. t   .,„„„,„,.,„.„,„     . — »lan f^, A* Jil" J,n^7"t't, 9, ul, mt* imntth tim»|,w»« «^M d*»alW?i*» »* tl» l#«d«r of tfca war. 	
Mfr "r&Tit* 1w*1 prnponr* "»*« »J "v.* ^nm h** bttmn ettmelrA, pHl f *,W, *** -W. ^nx ?1 , Ab » ^w«taa Ifhavaft to4nr It ha had not Tfcey want «« *«•"• * ««»■»■.
ell    Thar aw a» ladtoputaWy o*n.«». smpmmm r-*m»iuei' on S^f-- .IpVKittt «^»«* .';■      TT' * "l'i, *w J ahown an «nwlllia«ue«« to tight vnton < »*» *aa not a reiuttiad ima. mm
Ml* hSm and lmw*h»*. a* ^-wtJVw »„ ^ mM i» H^'liH^ #.nmT»!mW'nt fmm H*f-I «orantni*nt at lha tlma nf tte fotma. J Mmhnm* br lAowmontmrnlt. H«
UHtr rhnnt* ***** aad fcu-U]-. ■'■''rft«i it,r*»t* i»t«*ri«*«.h. *» ^ ■!. -wli'e vif»n»w> *h»» ho <"««M . Itoa. TWf» mt** * U uf Capa Il*«uiu,-vo- cwpluycd fn tho_Tk)mti«-» ornneo
■mraOmemmm* imt they are owam »* * t-igunt partiea rm «» that -mwtwtu'2    .t;   .„ „ .A-    i|k(rw«n mliili* a i «««»*** «**t*M*d arrwndl IWnrkt
iSmomommo^f««n« eUaa haring] JJJJ       "^ "    ;.*tr%J«    fisM    tot   •   *~>™"n-m  «p  many  tmmmtoom  Atm'tM tanbn,
wmtbitpm nt mnr* i^t th* ntnte claaa.p*^- Vmt„i r*mmit'<* of the f* ^l.^JttM W In* Wal f«w tw 'lo-  *%o» for tlMiy ar* alow to thnm.*i ■ "- -—-
•Wiv mi*a a wtectifin of *vh •»»• L^iiat   tidmocratlr   r»nr   «W«h4Mii,» «Urav Wilh all wnttaet Mw Wlnm   ther   do  rhintw.   loot wal!     fpjts  WBtOtMOAitO.  dAL—mh*-
SS aSktaa a. tbey «U* «« <« ** Xi bn* poWOi** * •mil'*-** i\it> *> " » * 1TJL ' Amtum not  WtthmM   mm  Uv* mta mtwm%m mm mmm l« Am
mat*.] •»■"••__ ^.v m w^..«.«, tataai ■» p^»   ...     --  A» »••• tn* mme*. rM##4f #%|| wmW 9%„w ||Nl|r ^^i^^^ ^mt*, tn*hi4feo tbm Man-
-    *i*n **.ti**n.  Tif* pmthl h* wm:t% T* nVM mploteo*. Ut* n***
DOWN GO PRICES ON ELECTRIC BULBS
A SPECIAL SALE FOR A SHORT WHILE
10, 15, 25 and 40 Watt Laco Lamps $ .40 each
60 Wp,tt Laco Lamps      -         - .45 each
I  60 Watt Nitrogen Lamps          - 1.00 each
100 Watt Nitrogen Lamps        - 1.40 each
Thc Laco Lamps are guaranteed for 1,500
hours against 1,000 hours of any other lamp.
FERNIE OPTICAL PARLORS
Ewpm w ^a «P>
•     §m%    o% \m Ah
Solt Agent for tbt Pah for
Lethbridge Brewery Products
Iteat Wholeaaie Priert to the Trade
OIT OVK PMOBS OM ALL TlBlPItANOB DWNIP
Top-Notch Pricea Paid for Dotttea
E KOI, "Tbo Bottlo Kiaf"
Tke Albert* Hotel Hlairmore, Alberto
i:.»... t..,.ii.:.j_jA!i!;i.:.i'U!.,ij;.iJ..i-'j
ii
«
¥
^mprwhand tha oatitandlng l»<-l mm,IS.   ORRMANV.-Wa    *A flffjif oml now \*vo tf«t it Mter
aomprttp nthor«latoth*a'atnaj|i;)t?.H;||#-nrfJlB of lhlt ind,^n>U oni|,»«n J Wm.    Hf*i  a  W»mt
producer* und*tr tm  „^mMM ^ tterwmxvt, atateu **at^l.ifkt rHlA*T tbh» » wbr»l«> 1»1 ot
"BalthatlaalUhoralato
of th*  wwlth produetra und*f
II.; whtre Ca^garj not Wl»»l|>eg *»r ret
On their native h«w«h  t*»y dldnt I arana ara easployed tn making aitlfle-
^.t&.srtZ.rzz-o.mm
lot Vnw*r. ***** ***?**? "'***"
nU. to** s*^ *t :;jt.-.'-'
«»-*»• -.»** h*w**» i~*       ^    , ,     ...
-^ .**-.<.'f art'* ""^
l m™»M<*w*->'# » ^.19-,,* -•".* • %)'j.i * i      l+,a m.ln*m
f^fowmr* 1* imi**, *th A *,n *"* mtm*'
.* .-..  '• -'»v»**ai. and fhf'r
.     «„     #!,*,•••*«.«*»■» «l|    99**rt  W*   *     ■
•*>**a lha Je**1*** «'»*-'•• ♦'-» *>»
'•%i»ak   fc*» «.•»»•»»-» *• -   *
•■%   **#,!.****' **-*m****'**t*i* -■* '*
MM UU-lkUQiiZ IWiUW-MlQUIR COOnaATOT
•ooomr
tlio war fi ovor, but tbo fttUiti-Btlffaa OO'Operotlfo Swiety
k lUll wajfinif ttor against high ond exorbitant priew. Come
hi tint iimiMwtuur atu«ia vt yiixwiiaa^ ******* ***** two*. ******
neolTtd a largo ahipment of Dry Ooo<l», Union Mado, Under.
wear, Boota and Shoot, Ete.
We invite yon to become a member and do boaineoa with and
for yoonelf.
Hare yoar pennies and tbt dollars will take eon of tittm*
Mix'*!, * i
Uoomo Ko B1WH
THE  BLiUStMO&S ITAUAZrifiSLQZAH  CO 0PEBAT1VE
booibtt
It ****tii* mtrbttm* in harm in **• m*m,**m*r**a  in tmA  mmo  to the r*» memoir* a emmpet.il** wereawl'le
M
*i*f,t
,1  **,,,  i,*,r,,le**a  »i»  /-ittitm* **f*»W*14*.
■ t ,!•* VP?
, K .** trttf ItmJtm*
rn-** *"**** *f» fa*
I »■»"!*,   rapfttllt**«f  »t- fso.ooo.
* * * * -' Jh-a^rHl   aaloa   mem   wm   t
Tfc* wdKmr. aoft hurt of «M UMaia ataailiaMara.
Subscribe to The District ledger IS'-'
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FER ME, B.C. MARCH 7,1919
page nro
U
NEW RECORDS
Results feeeued during the past'year re-affirm the position of the Sun Life of Canada as
the largest life assurance organization of the Dominion
Fair-dealing and progressive business methods .have given it leadership in annua;! New
Business, Total Business in Force, Assets,, Surplus Earnings, Net Surplus, Total
-Income, Premium Income and Payments to.Policyholders.
M. A. KASTNER
> AGENT
FERNIE NEWS
WHIST DRIVE AT COAL CREEK—
A whist drive entertainment and
dance will bei held in the club hall,
Coal Creek, on IMonday next, March
10th; commencing at 8:00 p.m., proceeds to be given for charitable purposes.  Tickets 50c   each. °
United Church Service*—Uev. Chas.
B. Batzold minister. Services Sunday
March 9th: 11:40 a.m. "The Shining
Face;" 7:30 p.m. "Building;" 2:30
p.m. Sabbath School. A hearty invitation Is extended to strangers and
visitors.
For Returned Soldiers.—-WT. Claridge, district representative of the Information and service branch Soldiers'
Oivll Re-establishment, will be at the
Returned Soldiers' Club forenoons,
from 11 to noon and afternoons from 2
to 3 tp meet returned soldiers who desire to register with the department
for employment. He is also prepared
to take up other Matters pertaining to
the work of the department. This is
a temporary arrangement pending the
establishment of the labor bureau and
SXJ.R. office in Pernie. o
G.wXa. *eaular Meeting—The regular weekly moating of the G.W.V.A.
will be held in the club rooms at 8 p.m.
on Sunday next Instead of at 3 pm.
All returned men are extended a cordial Invitation to be present.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦%> P^PO ppp^p-p
♦. " ♦
♦ GLADSTONE LOCAL NOTES ♦
♦ ' *'♦
It is very frequently asked why
does J. V. Lowe, look after *un "a*Us
when it"should.be George Thnmr-yr?
The reason for Lowe looking after the
lato William Hughes' funeral was,
George Thomson left town to exhume
the body which was buried during the
epidemic. Onco or twico during the
fine epidemic ho had to leave town
on similar business and at one time he
wns sick. But I am thankful to say
all the funerals, whether Thomson or
Lowe was in attendance, went off
withou: a, bilcl!', and uvurybody that
wna   inlrn-H    intn   Min   niirlnrg   rnpnliratl
Musical Treat This Evening—The
musical event to be held in the United
Church this evening (iFrlday) will
provide one of the treats -of the season. There has been a large advance
sale of tickets. Mr. and IMrs. Watson,
Mrs. Suddaby, Mrs. Asselstine and
other local talent are taking part in
the concert. The admission charges
are fifty and twenty-five cents and
those who have not yet purchased
tickets should' endeavor to be on hand
■-early.
St. Patrick's Day Dance.—The
Moose are finding a brisk demand for
tickets for the dance on the evening
of the "seventeenth of Ireland.'' It
promises to be one of the most enjoyable social events of the season and
doubtless the limited number of tickets will be disposed of well in advance.
Want Aliens Deported—A petition
is being circulated around Femle
which asks for theimmediato deportation of all "enemy aliens" whether interned or at liberty. The peculiar
status of affairs in Europe makes it
difficult to determine who come under
the ."enemy alien"qualiflcatlon. Some
claim that Russians and Ukrainians
are "enemy aliens" as well as Germans and Austrians. The Russians
and Ukrainians are only too anxious
to be "deported" but it will be noticed
by the letter of the Secretary of State
at Ottawa as published in The District Ledger last week that the Government is not in a position to allow
these men to go forward ito their own
country even if they, pay their own
transportation.
TO SPEAK ON ALIEN ENEMIES
AND HUN ATROCITIES
The interest that is being taken in
Fernie in connection with the alien
enemy question will assure a full
house at the Isis Theatre on 'Monday
night when Mr. R. Crowe-Swords, a
veteran of the South African war and
the great world war will speak on the
alien enemy question and Hun atrocities. 7   «■
(Mr. R. Crowe'nSwords, a veteran of
the South African and the great world
war will speak on the above subjects,
and on re-establishment of the soldier
into* civil'life.*
Mr. Crowe-Swords is perhaps the
best authority in the Province on the
alien enemy situation as it stands today,' he having been closely connected
with the Department of Justice in an
official capacity. In this way he has
been able to gather a large number bf
startling facts which are not known
to the general public. ,
In speaking on the Hun atrocities
the lecturer bases his facts on the official reports of the Canadian, British,
French and Belgian Governments, and
on his own experiences while in Belgium and France.
The lecture will be illustrated
throughout with slides, -many of them
being official pictures of scenes at the
scenes at the .Front. The official
slides of the Sqfdiers Civil Re-estab-
lishinerft Commission will also oe
shown and talked upon, and cartoons
by the famous artist, C-aptain Bairns-
father, will also be shown on the
screen,
Saturday Matinee
at 2.30
ORPHEUM
THE HOME OF GOOD PICTURES
Saturday Nights
First Show at 7
Joe Knight at the Grand Theatre
It was a splendid and an interested
audience that occupied the Grand
Theatre on Sunday evening last to
bo/ar Joseph Knight in his address on
Socialist Philosophy. Throughout Alberta everybody knows Joe Knight.
His home is in Edmonton, his birthplace was London. He is a carpenter
by trade and president of his union.
Ho has been preaching iSoctiallsm for
a. good number of years, not the parlor variety but the real, reid, throbbing
doctrine  that  Is ,no\v providing the
"iho fullest attention, aV^re"^"^^^
ling, strangers or otherwise
A mass meeting of Gladstone Local
Union will lie held- the first idlo day
after Monday. If there Is no idle day
before Sunday. ..March the Uh, it will
be held on that day at 'l:\M, in thw
evoniiiR. The business of the nuustinu
is to hoar the report of the I)eleff#l»H
to last Distriow 18 convention.
AVo have received word from Charles Ward ol lliu Land S-auleinent
Board (hit a parcel of land will bu
ready for use early In the Spring. At
prescui, wc do not know which part
it will be. \
llolow you will find a communication wlikh was &eut to A. I. Fisher,
iM.IUV A decision like that 'cuuised
G|ad-4o:i9 Lacul Union to post out a
notice warning its members .not'.to
leave their working places to lift* cars
ou tho track, until (he act Is amended:
A. t: t-'lsh-pr, M.P.P..
Victoria, H.C.,
Dear 8|r:—
}'l<4*)«e find bolow auoiber ''Kampla
of Kaiseriani, by the OX*. Couipiituu-
ilon I'Joui'd, their puwor Is abaoiutu:
V.'a:ly Tymeliu!'., Claim 2S8B4,
Air. H. Martin. Secretary,
G! tdBtotiti Local Union,
TVriilo. TlC,
Doi;.' Sir;
Hf>jdy|u# lo your letter of i-Vlrrw-
ary uith wo enclose herewith it copy
of a loiter which was sent to th<5
abovo workman on Oetobur Zl*x,
1118, Tbla waw th« aim ot int al-
!o«;*-d utrnlneil buck.
There are many cau8« of such
disability, and although tha,disability mw bcertw n-rtitc while engaged
In orJInnry pmployinent in this enne
it I* not Judged to have bean im 'a
accident In course of employm :H.
and iho "nu i •■' tiwreloiv una '»
to sllwr th<> -rUtm,
Vouro truly,
Tho Workmani CompeiMallon Hoard
Claim* Dept.
Copy of letter to Claimant.
•Mr Waayl Tymchuk,
Hox 419, Vnntle, IK'
Claim tmt
tmt Slr:~
Aftar carefully cpnildoring your
claim for comp«nwtlon, tha Hoard
an unable to allow aam*. hy roaaon
of tha faot that It It not ronnldarrrt
that ypur dl«ablllty of July Jlth aaa
da* to an accldaat arltlnn out of
poor anptoFmant
Ytmra truly.
"Ha Wftffcmina Companiatlon Hoard
Claims Deinrtmtat
ThU maa tart hia hack whiUt lift-
tat * mt on Una trw*. t
Vary truly pmn,
Ily. Martin, tkm'y
taxed, in fact the manufacture of .gen-
eral world commodities went on as usual. The result is that the markets are
glutted, the- warehouses stacked ,,and
an-enormous army of wage-workers
are without jobs.
The conditions have become so serious and threatening that all governments are vaguely hinting that they
have some mysterious scheme of reconstruction which will remove the
defects of the present system. Unfortunate!? many uninformed officers of
tossed world
An Interesting feature of the Sunday night meeting was the large number of returned soldiers present. Tha
G.W.V.A. came practically in a body,
determined that liberty of speech was
not to bo hampered in Fernie for
thoro had been rumors—falsa rumors
—that Joe Knight was often Interfered with in hts meetings. The soldiers in the audience were among tho
most attentive and appreciative listeners. They were not all converted
.to.tho Socialist idea. ."I would not
j convert you all If I could," said tho
speaker, for if tt were that easy to
turn you ovor to ray way of thinking
It would be as easy to turn you back
again."
Joe Knight's talk was not ono which
could easily be reported, Ho Is rapid-
firm In his expressions and impressive
In his personality. He has to bo
heard to be appreciated. Summarized,
the gist ot his address waa aa follows:
Tho problem confronting society ls j
not a new ono in fact It Ih almost as
old as Capitalism Itself, It can 1»<>
Mated In one wor,l "unemployment."'
What dlstiimulshes tho present erMa
from llu* crisp* of the past is list ii>-
t<»n«lty nml the hopelw-tmiwm of looking
for any development within tho |>res-
mit system of production and distribution that would <•»*»© thn munition.
The years I9U1---19M too. wore hard,
loan years. Throughout tho imMro
world wont n\i Ui<» loud wall for t»tn
ployroant. >ta«« m»etliig« wor* hold
jn all thn fi;r«at Indutttrial reutura and
In many placm armed forco* wow
iwofl to curb Ibi* moro daring r<>*
*r«nicH to hunaor'tt urge,
AuRuat tho 4th saved tho situation
for Cnpitaliimi. Millions of men '.win I
Into tha Army and industry wna or*
gattlzad on a war basin, It xx.s a period of rapid mijuxiinmii und Uiw exueU
Inff xtruRtlp grave a wonderful Imp*-!-
nn to tha Invention nf ttma-mivlna
machinery and moro-jefflelent ••.*• hoitw
of production.
During tht war v«ry little was aa'd
aa to tha poaalhla conditioni that
would hav* to he mot on tha advent
of peaoa. but thore waa a Kenaral bo-
lief that a thortaite of comuiodltloa
nncoatary under what waa term«d
"normal paaea rondltlon«.M existed
which would enaura amployment for
alt at good wait** for manr year* to
eomo.
Today a sadly ditlllunlonlied prolo-
tartat im elamorlnit for Joba. Paaca
haa rateakd to m tb* marv-flhwi*
prodoctlv* powi>r« of mod»rn Industry. With twenty-five million man
waatln* and d-NtraylRf oa * eoloml
ncnlm, aftar tha flrat alahtoen months
Qtadatona U*axt. of war tbe tuduatrto* vara not over
the labor movement are, parrot-Hke7
repeating this cry for reconstruction,
thereby assisting to stem the tide of
working-class emancipation. A knowledge of Capitalism calls for Its destruction, not reconstruction.
What then is Capitalism? If we
know the function of the Capitalist
Class, the question is answered, and
the propaganda of Revolutionary Soc-
ialishit justified. The solo function of
the Capitalist Class Is to own. This
class owns the natural resources and
tho means of wealth production. To
obtain means of subsistence the working class must sell their power to produce:—their vital energy;-—to the
owners of the machines of wealth
production. After the sale of your
labor power you aro attached to a
machine or put to work and during
the 8, 10 or 12 hours contracted for,
the energy sold Is vory thoroughly extracted from your system, While
thnt life force Is being consumed by
iho Capitalist Class, lhat bought It, It
produces for them articles or commodities for silo, Experience tenchor. you
that your dally wn-so will only exchange for a small fraction of what
your labor powor baa produced In
one day. It Is this surplus which occasions nil tho trouble,
Uvlijg lavbilily and luxuriously Iho
Capitalist Clans yet nro unt-tblo to consume bnt a innali fraction of It—thoy
aro f«w and the workera aro a multitude. The irmrkots show signs of
overproduction, and every efcrt is everted lo extend or -enlarge tlio market. Dlplomnts ro-fwsontlnpr t'ho varloua national capitals compete with
each other for favors, that Is markets,
roncesalons from tha governmonts of
Josser developed conntrlo«, with the
conHdqucntfl that as productivity In
rronttes nnd competitor* multiply war
between thorn l« Inevitable,
Tfi« rni.Hi» nf ibf ivnrltl'm mif«i»rl«« In
tho wnpe system. That tho wort-tors
aro content to barter their life—their
physical energy on the market, as a
farmer buya and nelln -*w!no or guano,
The worlt of the world today In performed hy wa*e labor. The executive
ability la purchased even though they
seek to dignify the purchase price hy
calling It a aalary. Ownership Is tbe
basis of Capitalist power over the efo-
nome Wn of tha people. Tbe economic
threads that hind tha working rlha*
In slavery although Invisible are juat
as real as tha chains that hound the
serf.
Ta own is to be frea; therefore, let
ua aim to own collectively tha natural
mmt*** a»4 th* mains «» produc
turn and all ha fwa To aay thia Is
to ha accused of helm fWshaviki.
and If ftolshevlim means the eo*ia1
ownership of the aortal product then
Socialists are nolsherlhl.
in i    i ii. .i.ii in—    .   ■ .i..U"!-*M
Friday and Saturday, March 7 and 8
FANNIE WARD
In a Delightful Play Descriptive of Modern Japan
"A Japanese Nightingale"
RUTH ROLAND in the third chapter of "Hands Up"
HAROLD LLOYD in
"The Non Stop Kid"
Tuesday, March 11
£ WILLIAMS in
The Balance"
Five P|trt Vitagraph
Monday, March 10 ,
MARIE WALCAMP in
"Tongues Of Flame"
Vengeance and The Woman"-chapter 10
One Reel Comedy
Wednesday and Thursday, March 12 and 13
HARRV CAREY in
"A Woman's Fool"
Universal Special Attraction in six parts 1
-mpomm
Fernie Schools Attendance
DIVISION I.~B. G. Daniels, Principal.
Percentage 90,80. Pupils having perfect attendance:—
Katie Bean, Hugh Brown, James
Campbell, Frank Carlson, Everett Covert, Agnes Culletou, Irene Demour,
Fred Elley Rose Frey, Molly Henderson, Frank Hovan. <Edna Johnston,
Robert Kerr, Annie McDonald, Charles Orner, Gordon Owen, Wilfred
Owen,*'Annie Podbielancilc, Annie
Reynolds. '
DIVISION Ilr-E. "M. Hogan, teacher.
Percentage 97.05. Pupils having perfect attendance:—
•Mary Balok, Helen Booth, Marie
Coppe, Albert Davis, Violet Drew, Lillian Graham, Leonard. Hesketh, John
Kasmar, Paul Kasmar, William Mc
Lennan, Stewart McPhee,. Gordon Parker, Mary Pjiillandre, Doris Reid, Susie Ross, Francis. Roblchaud, Leon
Rushcall, Ileta Sherwood, Annie Wal
lapp
DIVISION UI—M. Draper, teacher,
Percentage 98.10. Pupils having perfect attendance:—
Gertrude 'Bailey, Steve Bernot, Paul
Caravetta, Harry Crawford, Lilian
Dicken, Margaret. Fawcett, Harry He-,
watt. James Jennings, John Kennedy,
Felix iMlsisco, Evangeline Parker,
Thomas Paton, Jack Pierpont, Victoria Richard, Mildred Rautir, Tony Ri~
zutto, Tomasina Taverna, Anna lelen-
ko, Allck Thompson, Albin Vansacker,
Merle Wallace. /
DIVISION IV—M. Lillian , Corbett,
teaicher Percentage 96.70. Pupils
having perfect attendance:—   >T
Louis Andre, Mable Karton, Edith
Cartlidge, Ethel Cartlidge, Bertha
Caravetta, Dorothy Currie, Willie Currie,   Gordon   Dobson,   Edna   Harvie,
Katie   Jannt-l     Frprt    MnVanncll    jSuitla-
Mclntyre, George Orner, Jimmy Phillips, Hilda Taylor, Daphne Todd, May
Tully, Anna Will, Connie White, Annlo
Lyon. v
DIVISION XII—F. E. HamlU, teafch-
er. Percentage 92.797. Pupils having
perfect attendance/:—
Kenneth Alexander, Jessie Beck,
Rudolph Bourguignon, Jack Crawford,
Henry Elliott, Tony Fiorillo, Hedley
Gash, Annie Janos, Osborne Kennedy,
Tony Marasco, Nettie NIcoletti.
tor Parsons, Steve Pissonui, Wilfred
Ross, Helen Rushcall, Charlie Sherwood, Mike Stellger, Willie Turner,
Andrew Wallace, Douglas Wallace,
Mike Wasnock, Lizzie McCormick.
DIVISION XIII—'B. K. Hamill, teacher. Percentage 96.28. Pupils having
perfect attendance: —
Willie Bean, Cecil Brown, James
Bushell, Lena Carosella, Fred Cogtan-
zo, Arthur Evans, Kenny Hamilton,
Victoria Hamer, Willie Hynds, Louis
KosiQc," Jack Kummer, Laura Laloude,
Mary Lukas, Fred Lyne, George Lynch,
Audrey Mills, Jean Mills, Dave Parker,
Emlma Peter, George Rahal, Consel-
tina Savello, Annie Terris, Gordon
Snow, Peter Telip, Harold Vines,
Nelson Wallace, Robert Williams.
DIVISION XIV -X. F Gilchrist,
teacher. Percentage 95.22. Pupils
having perfect attendance: —
Patsey Bossio, Flora Camilli, Annie
Dragon, Nontlas Elliott, Julia Gys-
brechtiH, Herman Hark, Jack Irvine,
Billy Kossoff, Lenlie Laithwaite, Robert Lowe, Willie Lyne, Frances Mills,*j
Albert Miscisco, Kenneth Parsons,
Robert Pierpont, Doris Puckey, i
George Reid, Jamas Terris, Peter Zu-
ltahna, Olga Belecki, Tony Taverna,
John Davis;—
-prT-tia. -^*»_-
Polak, Matry Rahal, Alois Rudnicki,
Victor Spencer, Archie White, Clifford*
Volland.
DIVISION V—E. C. Stott, teacher.
Percentage 96.91. Pupils having perfect attendance!—
May Atkinson, Edwin Bailey, Edith
Blrtwistle, Norman Cheston, Jane Davidson, Edith Davies, Clara Demour,
Arthur Farrow. Frank Gould, Lome
Hamilton, Mary Hughes, Doris Ingram," Lloyd Johnson, Albert Mark-
land, Mnry .M*ega!e, Ruth Orner, Ellen Phillips, John Rose. Mike Sofka,
Collide -Spenco, Dronchesa Spaniol,
Hudolph Smolik.
DIVISION VI — L. iMacLnchlan.
teacher. Percentage 93.18 , Pupils
having perfect attendance:—
Florence Hillsborough, Gertie Bom-
bin''. Vlolnt Brehl-cr, George Cameron,
Annlo Glowers, Howard Corrle, Xorah
llarper, Vlolnt Latah*Annlo McPherson, "llurrh McPhornon, .loo Fnlmere,
Munro I'arker,' Agnes Pnnrce, Lilian
I'Ufltfy, Joo Ralcllffo. Stovo SalannSi,
Jim Strtichan, Alfred 'Scarplno, Mike
Tillln Andr?w Wasnock, John White,
Lily WIlRhlro
DTVipiOV VH--A. O'Hfam. tonchttr,
Prrrrioltifn 91.1^.    Ptm!';*; linv!)\t»  por
feet attendance:—'
Wilfrid Allan, llbrberl Andrews,
Ownry Cnrrlfau, Margnrtd CnttDwiiau,
MneRio Davle«, Wllllr. Duncnn, ,'ohn
n-u:on. Vlkc FI'zVo. Tlosivoll fiarner.
Alice Halgh, Sydney IlitBchoRon, J«>«-
c|i)»!iu' Ki'imi-il.', Ar'linr Llttley. John
Luknr, Wilfrid Pnrklnnon, Esther
Pctprson. Klfllo Rickey, JphbIo Rob-
*rt"i*o, .MtWc Roi»pf», vicbolat Smith.
Annlo Smolik, Jim Invorna, Norman
Uphill,'Mlnnlo Williams, Willie Wood-;
"nivmmv    virt — v     Mnrdnnnld i    f'*'»>l\ Alallo. Georgo Aloxnndrtr. Dnn-
ttmOhll•     PafiniiM   94« '"1   v""«- v«rK"',', <'"'»mlns*, Clara
ffi! /nprf^.HSnnc,.-'"-:-' "    ^»"«. *"«<«•  J"*'«'»<»   ,i'''<,h  Hoffman.
1UEvoirTi«l i     rSoZtro    nrallh.   ^"' J!^^^^
w*,uh»     \i-f-i-ll*,»    Cbtinlm.    IVivMl  ""•   ^»dr'"    Ktinner   I-«itN   l/trco.
Fotsko,   r.l ralift n  'iftliav.n ,   l«*crn; »„»i„ nri„«i,i  nl,,, i,,„*n
Ztto ii«^m ^;jnS: AS"iSK '^flM^:nr.
wrTTB-towTCv'^T'CT5; urocKer. teacn-
er. Percentage .95,75.' Pupils having
perfect attendance:--
Minnie Wilson, Mary Turnbull,
Catherine Vhnbusklrk, David Tully,
Irene Todhunter, Janet Ross, Douglas
Ross, Guatave Peters. Archie Price,
Joe Paterson, Rose 'McCallum, Jean
Liphardt, Cecelia Lukas, Nancy
Hughes. Michael Flood, Steve Fetzko,
Daisy Drew, Margaret Brtlbler, John
Carosella, .Mary Cannata, Dorothy
Bralthwalte, Averil Boyes, Pet(»r Ar-
curl, Verna Balok, James Atkinson,
Annlo Kflnhvar..
DIVISION XVI—Isabel Dicken,
teacher, Pcrcentnce 94.64. Pupllu
having perfect attendance: —
Mabel Alien. Bllt 'Baldray. David
Boyes, Itosle Cannata. Rohs Costaiuo,
Annie Evans, Gladys Evans, John Gar-
rleckc, Willie Griffiths, Helen Hughes,
Hobble llynds, -inck Ingrain, John
Knleta, Ada Kuske, Charlie Kummer,
Hilda Lvne, .Marlon Mangan, John
MIIIh, MIHIo Nirolfl.tl, Charlie I'crrv,
TUohard Puckey, Mary Telep, Nolllo
Smith,
DIVISION XVII—(\ McEwen. tfach-
<T.    Porronlrurit C"i,S1,    Pupils having i
porfoct attendnnro— TBI
AIln-Tl   Al*i-lln,   Kiitif   ("hnilir!!,   Fred    |
^off^y,  Georuo   Corrl<\   Virginia   Do
Liktr. AW FMht. Jim flortion. Lllv
Haiirh,    MnlM'l     Harper.   Joe,   Hilton
Ciiflicrin*-*   HiitolilMoit,    Philip   Jam's, t
'i-itr   .lohnsun.   EIiMtior Lowt».  John;
PoilblolnnHk.   Clnru   Hmit»r,   Gi»ori?n i
Rawson. Peter St'lira, Wilfred Wood-
bonne.     A"i»«"*    l.awon,    Lauronn*
llcrrhmer, .Mien Crawford, How (lou,!
DIVISION N'VIII !"..M. I'-i'll leu-flu r.,
por^-man*' M,7n.   Pupils having per-1
tt'ft «t»f-HiInnr-o:— '.
WORTH.^.WATCHING
Co-Op. Specials for Saturday Only
Daisy Sock Eye Salmon, small  -
Wilson's Vostizza Currants, Is. -
Jameson's Mocha and Java Coffee, is.
Bulk Black Tea, fine flavor, per lb.
L & P Worcester Sauce, pints   -
Blue Ribbon Baking Powder, 16oz.
Abbey's Vita Tablets
Tillson's Health Bran, per pkg.   -
Tillson's Fine Oatmeal, per pkg.
instant Postum     -
Onions, 10 lb. for   -
Old Virginia Cut Tobacco, i-2s. -.
Senator, l-6s.
Senator, l-12s:       - -
Mottled Enamel Tea Kettles reduced
.25
.40
.60
.55
.85
.35
.50
.15
.45
.50
.25
.75
.20
.10
from $1.50 to .95
We have a full line of Pyrex Ware
FERNIE GO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY, LTD.
Incorporated 1907
Canada Food Board Licence Noi 8-594
COAL MINERS, ATTENTION
$2.f*0 per month provides yoa n^ainst nny necident aud
every sickness, and pays $40.00 a month from the day you nre
laid up.
Particulars from
THE B. WINNETT INSURANCE AGENCIES,
Bank of Hamilton Bid?. Fernie, B. 0.
Claims promptly adjusted from this oflice
onkn.
IJ1VIHIOX IX—S. O. O'CatlftKhah.
tearlier. I'flrwmag* f»7.Rff- rtipiln
having oerteet ntl.'mlRnro: —
HI* Alton, taolln-n Andraw*. Atebie
Ttmwn, KiImi CartlMw. Aniilp Ccwta.
Mnrttn fo»Tnn*n, BllJ!ah«»»h Cmmiiton,
f!tirl««l*» Dav Mnnn, Mika Draton,
AnnM Ttrew, A tno* Rlll-ntf, frM Oon-
lak. Dmld Har*l». Kvalyn H*H.k*H»h,
Bila H**lr«flh. M<tr«aret Irvlnn, Olwvn
J.nn#«, Mar Mwlimnn, F1o*n»n«« Man
TVjaaM. Maty PhllllM. »Vri Plort^n*
Itmttr I'odbli'lan-rik, Man Rohlrkaud.
KHythrili Po*:**, ArxxoU «»nitli, Vt-r-
dant Unrtw. Ijwn Tar»ma
Tbmmmi x-4t. )* w«4*. twi-iwr
porrtmttn* Mil,  Pm**!" h»*i«R p*t-
te*1 aH««da«r*i:—
fteftina  Atl#ti. Anal*   Waraa,  Rdna.     m„m ^^^.^ m,mam, ,m^.m„ „,.
nartnn. Uin«nnaekl«r.Ktnrr Rfant.frnrrt*. Mnrr C«rJ». RaTinonil Ha^
hiving pertfpt nttt*ii,ltirtr*:
Mav Andermn. Frank lirtiwn. 8i*»»w- j
nrt llrf»*wn, Arrhl-n. ralrn»«, .lohn lt«l«!
nie, Doric Hunt. Wllma Jonc«. ^nnaj
Moftldlka. .fo«#»nh MnaMka. John IVt-i
^r«nn, Hobwrl «h»nfli>M, Harry flfr*j»*»», I
Willi*, rirown. Rita Whit*. narlM
WoodhoiiM. I^«ll« llu-rhaiiiiii {
1 i»tvmrov  xx—tfiMn..*   a.   tm*y
t«a<hf>r     lvrr*MUa<-   MM.    Pupllu I
hav Ina prrfxrt atlnn-ianiw. — i
John AndMwn, Rllta riark*. Hmm
dallnway  Rll»»» VtOeraon. 11**lt** M«i» '
i.^i^b-i*,, tw mrmt. Hetty hyoo, Mll-i
4r*4 WftmOImn** *
mVIHfON XXI-Mary R. TnwBaawl.]
t «mhatH«t-f»     t«*rk*r       P»wwntat«
•(.17     P«pll« having p*H*et at«-Mi-!
iftBM:— )
Jack Aaaaatl, Ftaakt Itemato, letk]
BEVERLEY
ENTERTAINERS
at the GRAND THEATRE, MARCH 7th
Undar tho auaplea* of tha
FAMOU8 CHATAUQUA CO*Y
TIOKIT8 ON BAU AT MeLBAN'S ORUO STORK
PRIGE8: 25ct«., 60ots., 76ot8. and $1.00
i   t*t*mtt*atn    t*^,t,tt*     **,.,.-.     *-..   *
\t -or,**,* V***  1*,* vt*\l*i>*l*. Vtant ttti*h*
t,mm, pot mow. imttx. tmtmm. kum-i
l"i.nii«   V,titt,*v.     Kriltri*'-   In*"    ''Inni
ICIawi-m Mangan. Andrww Patnn. An-H#»lawf, CatiMfna M«»wll, rath»>nn#*
nlo inoln. Kw P«i!ik, Marr iialanaky.| MePkarwMi. Atnta MiCwwwk. Vi»|
JfllUNNI rrlnWI. RMwitw w«»*ft JfthM PHiMIM*^.*  Ime Tttpnol
IMVtSfON   Xf-A. Ifatlt,   toa*h#r.     mviflffW XXH-J mn'Mt. twirkw. I
PowmttW **■)*   Pnpn« harlnt pnr* Mnwmtagn WW.   Pnti»« having pm*]
* tat** *1lt>m4*Or*9  ' fn^t 9.*r.Kt**,r,fri-
R«alaB^»t.f^fw«^r^ta.Marf   CMt   nmfntmiMi.   A4m   HnnrtJ
OallMon. Rmma TtavMaim. H«m1 1*4* Vim* Knolm, Bntla Kmt*e. Halt? K«-
*on.   tohn   Dragon.   Mary   Raaton. R|M>   jtRAt   tMeenrmaeh,   rhrr«ilw»
(leent*   rntttto,   Ht4mH   l\obb*r*i^.  MIldML KatWwn Owen. John R#ad
llactl Jonea, Qmttn Kefoary. tlutb  in9t ihmi«i i!r*»i.
tPntlen Ante Chttttttl—Tb* ritr Po-
j lice ara a llltla mora ch-a-ertal tbla
* wt*i*V thai tint '*»'l rt.pi;*-, ti*'t* t"*,i*. '-'■
| tluns wiivr lhe xasraiity,ail aud tur;
j having liquor. Wh Intr-rnatlf and **• *
] torooilf,   in   ihelr  pfmn***i,ttm.     TU*
Mttal ih* rir-f miittrt f:»wv tmm
**,tb wan wh« "<onpbed up*** to tktt I
ifatMiL   Attoh.t nntvriniioie y n-ntl-.
tpi»   ftmt   htm    **** W*   nn.f*,.yyi0f,r   t^    ««,,.  '
■fit im llw v*iM*l pi!*- i
Mm aiwtth^r man, Mi nlbm, arhn wn*
** * r*a* ft* ■■*■***    Ij     f*»    f
alt. ma mnt* In pat tttt fcf« ia»«ry
■'    *        - „     • *"r.n* nel rr-vf-
Ttrmt tnnret Th* I'tiff-t f*bnp"b tn
4Um' AM bote ot Work. Kaiur4*v, Mar.
rs.M.
tw*t#t   .Itaat^.t   .f.liur*-)!.-'- 8-wday
Mart* Jnh. 1*11*   AJ^rntng nmr-tte* at
M-mt **-ri " flinntiy tf-H-M-nl t)' *-t#; !
Kvtnlng nervl <• a! ":M: P.»eah*r',
Vtn. Si*jw.aif A rratihrtmtk    ■Matte b$t
tb'*   '"fl-^t*       Vf   Ott\f1**ttf   >v Iff fT, ,.   f;ln
i«rn W'i4r<-» !.♦ tk*-- *«kiMr>-a «»f i *"■*• *
Prm4nr *rhw| nn Mmnfar, Tnwl.ir
-   * "'  >■"■- <-.* .■■i.t.-.."-*    rur«h'*r an-
omtneemmott wli h* ****** tv-A*.* *■! '
t**tTf*m tl S*«»ila*r H^ImkI. I
Pay Day Specials
GROCERY depaWeIt "™
Spe(?«il mixed Sweet Potatoes, lb. 8
IVilie: Milk, hill tins, 2 for    -
Aylmer .< *atsnp, 2 lb. tins, 2 for
Braid's Big 4 ()ofl'ec, fresh
ground, per tin
Bakor n Cocoa, 1 lb. tin -
Waifstalfs Pear Jam, 4 Ib. pail
Apex Pure Fruit Jam, 4 .lb pail
Lennox Laundry Soap, Jl bars
Habitant Hot Cake Syrup* qt tins .45
Dairy Butter, per Ib.
Robertson's ('ream Chocolates,
|>er lb.
Fresh Apple < 'filer, qt. bottles
Warriors Vermicelli, 2 pkts. for
Catelli Macaroni, 2 pkts, for   •
PROVISION DfeHAKIMhT
Pacific Knit Herring, small, per lb.
P.icilic Hidi lUti'it.^, i»ngt<, |k»i lir. .
Black C 4>il, |ic»r lb. - - .17
lletl Salmon, ]K»r lb.
Libbv*» f/arjre IMII IMekles, ]n%rt\o7*. .40
Peanut Butter, bulk, perlb. - M0
Fresh Mince Meat, fier lb,       -        .35
*t *•
.Jo
.2o
.50
1.00
.75
.50
.40
.50
.35
.25
425
.10
t * *
'^■}
L2
.18
i
P
TRITES-WOOD CO.. Ud.
Br at, tht i at F*nm-l#, Mkshei, Nmtol and Cont Creek i»AGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C. MARCH 7, 1919
.VI
The Great Mutiny
^lOTfflofMi
(From tin1 London Herald's Special Correspondent at Folkestone.)
Jt began ou Friday morning at
Folkestone; it .spread in a Hash to
Dover. Os terloy Park. Short lam's,
to divt*rt the meu to tlie rest camps mediate demobilization; meu with , be demobilized and given extend-
There, in a mass, they joined Ih.j
demonstrators.
On Saturday, an armed guard
of  Fusiliers   was   posted   at   the
Sydenham, (i ro ve Park. Shov.-ham, j <l«ays liy the army authorities.
Kcmpton Park, Park Koval, \)-\'n^y tarried fixed bayouets and
dershot. Maidstone. Chatham,!])ill] I'-arti-idges. The pickets ap-
BristoL Fairlop. and even to a ,?,;.'pruai-hed. One rifle made a show
tachmiMit in London supposed to jot' going up; the foremost pick-;!.
entrain for Salomon: and it is not'•st>lzC(l **• alul forthwith the rest
ended yet-not bv a long way.'      ;*>1" lh« "mml f(-'11 l>»1*-
Tlie mutineers visited the station in a body, after having posted
A their own harbor guards, and tore
down n large label, ''For officers
lea yet —not i>y a
Two months ago the armistice
was signed.    For two months t!.
armies—and not alone jit home-
have  been  demanding  their re-.     .    ,,     . . . ,    ,
, -r,     . n    41,   „„„,.,. onlv,     which was  posted  above
lease.    For two months the press       *'   ,.*.,, .J T
ii       -.    •     *      i -.-..,.,,*,.; ,w»   a  eomtortable  waiting room.    I
has been trying to whip up an ag-, .       ,. .        ?.. „
1,0 '    '     i» ^   mention this as it tvpities one of
itation for a money war upo
sia. For two months I he magnates
have been shivering in their buttoned boots at the prospects of the.
new* spirit, in the home-coming
armies df war which arc to beeom;
armies of industry. And for two
months the war office has been
playing ca'canny—issuing millions of, incomprehensible' forms,
first, out of incompetence, secondly, for political reasons. Discharge became "demobilization; demobilization became -a maze of
millions of miles of red tape and
circulars.
After the official reveille had
been sounded at Folkestone on
January,3 there was no parade,
for the sufficient reason that no
one turned up. But. on their own
signal—three taps of the drum-
two-thousand, men,' unarmed and
in perfect order, demonstrated thc
fact that they were "fed up"—
ab-so-lutc-ly ''fed up." Their
plan of action had been agreed
upon tlie night before; no military
boat should be allowed "to leave
Folkestone for France that clay or
the many causes of the trouble
the bitter resentment felt at the
easy conditions of the officers as
j .compared with those of the men
Another cause of trouble, about
which I-heard on every hand was
the poorness of the food. T!uj
Cherry Garden Camp was particularly mentioned in this regard.
A Soldiers' Union
On Saturday, a great procession
of the ..soldiers concerned, swelled
by now to about 10,000, marched
through the town. And everywhere the townsfolk showed their
sympathy. At midday a mass
meeting decided to form a Soldiers' Union. They appointed
their officials and chose their
spokesmen—every one, bc it noted—a Trade Unionist. This again
I wish to emphasize, because of
the attempts in some organs of
the press to show the whole movement as one of jealousy towards
the organized workers at home.
Recognition
By now the telephones and tele-
any day until they were, guaran-j grams between London and Folke-
teed their freedom. I stone had done their work.   And
It was sheer, flat, brazen, open j tiie Big ^'higs from London, in"
and    .successful    mutiny.     They
knew it, and they did it.
Picketing the Harbor
Pickets were posted Sit.ttye harbor.'   Ouly.Canadian and Australian troops were allowed'to sail— A
they wanted to.   As a matter of
AWL
m^.ti. ...,*».-.. '-yjvf-.-.*;
W.    if.1,it       + W
chiding Sir William Robertson,
were arriving in Folkestone. True,
their counterparts in France had
refused to meet; the representatives of the '-German Soldiers'
Council (with proper class consciousness they preferred the German, Junker,)    but   they   had to
prospects of jobs were given a
week's leave in which to make
those prospects certainties; and
finally, a complete indemnity was
given to the mutineers, the geiiex"-
als explaining that they 'would
forget the incident.' But they
won't for a long ti me.
Folkestone's Last
That, does not close the Folkestone story. Workers' control gave
the demobilization department
another lesson. The men elected
140 of their number to act ,is
Clerks. These clerks in one day
issued all the necessary papers.'
ration books, and railway warrants for the whole camp. On
Sunday the camp was clear, and
the latest to leave were the leaders
of the movement, who watelusd
their comrades go free before
they went themselves.
Other Incidents
At Osterly Park, 1,500 A.S.C
men, mostly 'bus drivers in civil
life, broke camp on .January 6,
and seized a number of army lorries. On these many scores ol!
them travelled to London to voicc-
their demands. A highly placed
officer tried to browbeat the men
without 'any success; and the
same terms were "conceded" to
them as had been given to their
comrades at Folkestone.
At Shoreham, 7,000 men demon
strated; at Shortlands, 1,500 men;
at Dover about 4,000. 1 understand that at Boulogne, Calais,
and Etaples, strange and ominous
events on the same lines have happened. In London 400 men who
were to be entrained for Salonica
refused to go. Everywhere the
feeling is' the same: "The war is
over, we won't fight in Russia
and Ave mean to go home," The
temper is solidifying itself. The
meeting announced for Thursday
in Trafalgar Square has been
postponed. But watch th'e papers
for further announcements.
For three years the 'Herald'
has-been demanding the following
programme,, realizing the iriovit-
—MTtro—t-^ar-j—itwr-j-
n't want to. 'One officer* tned to
interfere, lie leaped across a
gangway, and got a rough-house.
"1 ani a relative of Sir Douglas
llaig," one general pleaded. "Wc
are all King's messengers," said
another party. But nothing of
that kind availed them.
The Gathering Troops
Meanwhile, troop trains were
arriving at Folkestone with more
men returning from leave raid ou
tho wny to France. These wore
met by pickets, and no more than
the mildest persuasion was needed
meet tne migitsh soldiers rcprc-r
seutatives. They just had to.
There was no alternative. This,
mind you, is in England. Not in
Bolshevist Russia, llere was recognition with1 a vengeance!
The fact that there was a conference at all was ihe. supreme victory for the mutineers. And indeed for democracy. To my mind
it was an even greater victory
than the result of the conference,
though that was a total relief of
every one of the men's immediate
grievances. All men with jobs
opea to them were promised im-
^ij^j..
T1W1V.    *  iii
„,LW1_
■JJ_
.Li lit—i'i-Am
ed furlough with full civilian
rights and privileges, either at the
rates of pay for the jobs they left
to go into- the army or at such a
rate of maintenance as shall keep
themselves and tlieir families in
comfort until jobs at Trade Union
rates and under Trade Union conditions are found for them. Absolute discharge to take place immediately they are in work.
3. Discharge and demobilization not to be left to commanding
officers. .
Labor and the Soldiers
Wc have the evidence of the
Daily Mail, not likely to be prejudiced in our favor, that tho great
mass of soldiers sympathized with
labor at the recent election. What
is labor going to do to show its
sympathy with tlieir comrades in
tlie army ?. By every post the Herald is receiving resolutions demanding drastic action on the
part of the workers in support of
tlie millions of Trade Unionists
who are,in the fighting forces,
"We Want to Know—"
If the House of Commons '.'had
been sitting, as it ought to -be, to
meet this grave situation, the live
men in the labor party would be
putting searching questions to the
responsible heads of the government. We cannot wait until Mr.
Lloyd George has finished bargaining with the Unionists as to
who is to get the big-salaried jobs
in his cabinet, and we demand to
have the official answers to the
following questions:
"To ask the secretary of state
for war whether he will formally
acknowledge the Soldiers' Union
and deal with the problem of demobilization through the men's
cominitteces and on the linos indicated above?
"To ask the prime minister
whether he is aware of the disquieting rumors as to disturbances
followed by bloodshed, among the
English and Dominion troops a}
EDORRKE
*    X
4y
luTui'giui'.*-- sine, ituu u.-> ut* wl me lotus
of cloth tlmt hnd hidden the lower half
of his fare fall away the ii|>»' umn saw
the malevolent features of Nikolas Ro-
koff. There wus a misty saille on the
bearded  lips
"Ah. M. Tarain." he said, "this Is
indeed a pleasure. But why do you
uot   tii-lse   and   greet   .vour   guest?"
keeping men in the army against
their will in peace time. Now the
soldiers are begining to make these
deniajuls their own. and we believe that a great national agreement in the fighting forces will
very speedily bring, tlie government to its knees and senses,
.1.   Immediate discharge  (not
demobilization)   of all  men who
have jobs awaiting them
the Dispersal (.'amps,
2. All men who desire to leave
the fighting forces, but have iio
jobs actually waiting for them, to
\ iUitls,     IHiuiugne      mux      rmrf
and whether he will fell the public
what truth there is in these rumors?3 " v) ,.:
"To ask the secretary of state
for foreign affairs whether English troops are to risk death by
starvation and cold in Russia;
whether it is intended1 that they
shall engage in a war against the
Russian revolution; and whether
Cut out j{(lssia a],*,]) n„t be left to evolve
her own destiny, without the shedding of more British blood?
"To   ask   Mr,   Lloyd   George,
What about it?"
Taran demurred, out the officer cut
him short. "There may be fighting'for
one of these sections." he said, "stud
troops cannot be embarrassed by civilian noncombntants during action." A
moment later Tarzun found himself
nloue in the midst of a desolate mountain fastuess.
The sun was hot, so be sought the
shelter of a nearby tree, .where he
tethered bis horse and sat down upon
the ground to smoke. Inwardly he
swore tit Gemots for the trick he had
played upon him. A mean little revenge, thought Tarzan, and then suddenly" it occurred to him that the man
would not be such a foot as to antagonize him through a trlval annoyance
of so petty a description. There must
be something deeper than this behind
it Witb the thought he arose nud removed his rifle from its boot He looked to its loads and saw that the magazine was full. Then he inspected his
revolver. After this preliminary precaution he scanned the surrounding
heights and the mouths Sit the several
gorges—he was determined that he
should not be caught napping.
The sun sank lower and lower, yet
there was no sign of returning spahis.
At last the valley was submerged In
shadow. Tarzan'was too proud to go
back to eamp until he had given the
detachment ample time to return to
the valley, which he thought was to
have been their rendezvous. With the
closing In of night he felt safer from
attack, for lie was at home in the dark,
nnd he fell asleep, with his back
n va inst the tree.
He'must liave slept for several hours,
tor when be was suddenly awakened
by the frightened .snorting and plunging of his horse the moon was shining
full upon lhe little valley, and there.
not ten paces heforw lilm. stood the
grim curiae of. the terror'of his mount
Kupei'h. majestic, liis graceful tall extended and cjutvwrinE. and his twof.ves
nf (ire riveted hill upon his prey, stood
Soldiers' And Workers' Councils
In United States
(Reprint fruiu '' Nation.")
Labor unrest in lhe Northwest is apparently becoming alarming Tin? recent convention of thu Oregon Federation of Labor was
controlled liy the radical element. It voted against industrial eoun-
eil* rejireM'iiting bol It side* nn a method of witling disputes, one delegate Haying "There is only one solution. Eliminate the wage system
and refiiHe to ileal with Ihe employing cImhh."
CoutieilH of Soldiers and Workmen'* delegates, it U reported, have
been organized in Portland and Kent lie. I«»»t week IT.INW ship-work-
<»rn w«»»il i.t, .irik-e for litgh'-r witgiu, and the divoiitetit aiming lhe
lumbermen is no le** marked. I'e.eiilly a labor meeting in Seattle advocated h gfueud Htrik*' Hfih'-vi American troop* were immediately
withdraw f from I'll*-* in. vie* bml'i'ii 'iji by lite police, wlmxc notion
WU* bitterly ivsciiied by l.d.or. immediately following this nil nation,
bill* din.i. I ;
liniuc* in n■,'.-,
jMlt forwnr!
wlitrltaiittjur'«' 'J-
TlM'\vr«;
Tlieir purp-t"
All up-poie Ht -
tle< Inivd I hit i
■Jllld  .-M'.'i.r.I)*:•.•
ingtort hn*1 ol"
mnn !»-»• pun-,**.)'
fort bind *'■• - *
Uii: l««'}f»i»i[)'or'
»iiti»t ion mf I :
Numa, e! adrea, the hUiek lion. A lit
tie thrill of joy tiu.irled tlmm-sjh Tar-
7.an's nerves. It was like meeting an
old friend after years of separation.
For a moment he sat rigid to enjoy the
magnificent spectacle of this lord of
the wilderness.
But now Numa wus crouching for
the spring. Very slowly Tarzan raised
bis sun to his shoulder. He had never
killed a largo animal with a gun iii all
his life. Heretofore he bad depended
opon his spear, bis poisoned arrows,
his rope, bis knife or bis bare bands.
Instinctively bo wished tbat be bad
bis arrows and his knife. He shonld
have felt surer witb them.
Noma was lying quite flat upon tht
■■—; | ground now, presenting only his bead.
Tartan would have preferred to Ore n
little from one side, for be knew wbat
terrific damage tbe lion could do tf be
lived two minutes or even a minute
after be was hit Tbe horse stood
trembling In terror at Tartan's back
Tbe ape-man took a cautious step to
one side. Numa but followed bim with
his eyes. Another stop he took and
then another. Numa bad not mored.
Now he could aim at a point between
the eyomnd tbe ear.
Ills finger tightened upon the trig-
gr^%^
wmte robed figures emerged into tne
valley upon the opposite side. For a
moment they scanned the little depression from behind sheltering bowlders,
but wheu they had satisfied themselves
that It was empty they advanced across
it Beneath the tree at one side they
came upon the* body of el adrea. With
muttered exclamatious they crowded
about It Then, a moment later, they
hurried down the canyon which Tarzan was threading n brief distance in
advance of them. They moved cautiously nnd In silence, taking advantage of shelter, as men do who are
stalking man.
As Tarzan walked'down the wild
canyon beneath the brilliant African
moon the call of the Jungle was strong
upon him. The solitude and the savage
freedom filled bis heart with life and
buoyancy. Again he was Tarzan of
the Apes—every sense alert against the
chance of surprise by some jungle enemy—yet treading lightly and with
head erect in proud consciousness of
his might
The nocturnal sounds of the mountains were new to him, yet they fell
upon his ears like tbe soft voice of a
half forgotten love. Many he intuitively sensed—ah. there was one that
was familiar indeed; the distant coughing of Sheeta, the leopard, but there
was a strange note in the final wail
which made him dtfubt. it was a panther he heard. '
Presently a new sound—a soft,
stealthy sound—obtruded Itself among
the others. No human ears otber than
the ape-man's would have detected lb
At first he did not translate It, but
finally he realized that It came from
the bare feet of a number of human
beings. They were behind him, and
they were coming toward him quietly.
He was being stalked.
In a flash he knew why be had been
left in that little valley by Gernois.but
there had been a hitch In the arrangements—the men had come too late.
He Kicked Tarzan Heavily In the bfti.
Then, with an ugly oath. "Get up; yon
dog!" And, drawing back his booted
foot, he kicked Tarzan, heavily in the
side. "And here ts another and another and another," he continued as he
kicked Tarzan about tiie face and side, •
"one for each of tbe Injuries you bave
done me."
The ape-man made no reply. He di*
not even deign to look upon the Russian again after the first glance of recognition. Finally the sheik, who had
been standing a mute tyid frowning
witness of the cowardly'attack, Intervened.
"Stop!" he commanded. "Kill him
if you will, but i will see no brave
man subjected to sucb indignities in
my presence. I have half a mind to
turn him loose that I may see how
long you would kick him then."
This threat put a sudden end to Ro-
koffs brutality, for he had no craving
to see Tarzan loosed from his bonds
while be was within reach of those
powerful bands.
"Very well." he replied to the Arab.
"I shall kill bim presently."
"Not within the precincts of my
douar," returned the sheik. "When he
leaves here he leaves alive. What yoa
do with him ln tbe desert Is none of
my concern, but 1 shall not have the
Mm-i «.vMlt<\>lit,>u were hastily introduced into botli
hi ami ,i fur-iv.'i'-liinsi n-.t I'uvf )i>-;i--oire a* Well xxn>*
• ■•■j. •|u.tti)iiftf lej*i*!utsi'ii im* bc*'ii |s!«.-.ed by an over-
•'.} "■•   r !')<• (lm. ne*i> \ei»t iu \Y;t«.lit:.:;l<>ii,
''-. -'■■  ii -''*•-. 'n tin- tv, ii Stltt,•*. :tfi* pi".'t<'tji-utly identh-al''
■ '.,:'.'    }:«.]<-.licVi»Iti   .Uul   I,   VV.   VV.   !eiT.»rt*~!:i
'- '    -    !...-.i-*u-  'ii  ■*;•'     V< ,'*•'■ S: \\>il * in     Ib'.tt-'
!*;• I   »■•.-':■,(!! !,<?•,« .-..th  H<ti|!ii iia i «*• Ui-t'it »«ujM''*»«>ir*'l,
■ * "'■    ;'       .ii:    .*■ .if ■.-1 a t in. n'f.nr I. "-?■■'' <>!' VYa-h
*f- ■    '   i ■  ■■■    *:; ■■ *   •:   ,• >■» !-,.<fvi.»p , **   (,-»*   iMlm*->-(lt   fn-r.
i   ■:    t  ■■- ■■■'■*:■  •    *■■   ■■!   ' > i*  III* XV.   tUlt   .U-'* Vol'   UftH'-f'  ol
*.'.-••' ',■'-:■■  ,,.t    -   ;    *,,!  !'•*, „,'   ',,
lir    •<•.-■;■   -,*     •   -1 .    ;    ..  , *..!l   !    ' f   -.it *;M| |.*'« *.    Ul*   !!,,*'   1.    I M   -
*'.<•-...       i.-, • ■*..,,     ,    ,.   ,;   ,.*.,',   ij-% ,t,.Vi I*.       \* *   .*,'*
business, and since that time there has been « practical cessation „f nil
activities. Already the chance of the mills equalling the output of
the past, and the chances of their being able to show a profit of any
fort on thm year's operations nre growing daily less,
The mills are working on a restricted basin of profit of 25 cents
n barrel. I'nder present conditions it is co.sliug them $5.00 u barrel
to produce the flour. It is obvious that given any lengthy eontimt.
mice of present coiiililion.s. it trill be impossible for I hem lo overtake
these losaes. j
Meanwhile nothing is being done, it is reported that ships tliat ***'and ^^tS^JS^nJl
were chartered to move the 40,(KM(,(MI0 bushels of wheal that still vo. I ^THas!IfSitle nttoitt*Twcape
main of the Wheat Export tdmpany s piirchases, have been diverted * The tether parted, and he went careen-
to other uses. The Wheat Export Company has ceased buying, and! Jj down ,he tt,nyon t0W"Pd tb* dw"
there is uo single indication of any likelihood of further purchases * No ordinary m«n could hate e^sped
being made, , ,boMe  r/lgbtful  claws  wben   Numa
One Buyer Not Buying »n",»* 1tom w "h»« • <"■»'»»• „»«»
!■, i  .,   ..    «        !•„•       .,       *,** - i   , Tanuiu was no ordinary tnnn.   From
I mie. uoi toa. condition*, th« uuHing compaines, ruled out oi one ^rllwt childhood his muectes had been
tmirlref would bfive trmie jiftet- ■MiMtlii')'. mnt win!..! ?i;\v.> made 'm-d- ' trrilnwt hy thi» flerei* etltrenelwi of hi*
ness us the roiled Slates is doing in various neutral countries. ||„t! *»■"««*• *« •<* w,th ilw «l*l»ty «f
lia: »*,'IIJinli;iU bll.siii. .s.-, Ls iui*Uf n .sjii. t'uillf,.       It  i.s ji. Unitlvd lo sell
only to one buyer and thnt buyer is ofl* the market.
There i* the domestic Uiitiitii'St of euui'M-, but wit ti the I'io.tKM)
daily barrel etipiiejty of llie t'anadiuti mills that tinist be iippro<ci.
iimtely miiiiittiiited ii" lhe un\U an- lo operate at any profit, the domes-
l'i' demand is a "mall item. Willi an annual per capita coiistimp**.
lino of .oin.'tfiinjf Ich*» tti.iii a barrel ami a quarter a \cjir, the v<*rv
;ii"-i    .if   .ioitle-vlic   coiOtlliltfUiotl    WOltlil   be   nolllc    } 1*,.**.-l 1»,'IM'M'I   barrel*,
V Nie   Un-   |it'<i«ln"»n>j|   would   be   ,i7.."»*SM»«M   bncreU'    b'i»*\ii<!»   tl   *urf**|i*»lw
of   ;r>,<*i.il(i.*l>0
I Tarzan halted and faced them, his rifle
| ready in bis hand. Now he caught a
fleeting glimpse of a white burnoose.
He called aloud in freuch. asking
what they would ef him. Hts reply
was the flash of a long gtin, and with
the sound of the shot Tarzan of the
Apes plunged forward upon bis face.
The Arabs did not rush out Immediately; lustead, they waited to be sura
that their victim did not rise. Then
they came rapidly from tbelr concealment and bent over him. it was soon
apparent tbat be was not dead. One
of tbe men put the muzzle of his gun
to tbe back of Tartan's bead to finish
him, but another waved bim aside. "If
we bring bim alive tbe reward is to be
greater." eiplalned tbe latter.
80 they bound bis bands and feet
and, picking bim up, placed bim on the
•boulders of four of their number.
Then tbe march wm resumed toward
the desert Wben they bad come oat
of Uie mountains tbey turned toward
the south and about daylight came to
the spot where their bonea stood In
ear* of two of their number.
From here on their progress wu
more rapid. Tartan, who had regained
consciousness, was tied to a spare
horse*, wbkb they evidently bad
brought for the purpose. His wound
was but a slight scratch, wbleb bad
blood of a Frenchman on iheTrandsTdl"
my tribe on account of another man's
quarrel. They would send soldiers
here and kill many of my people and
burn our tents and drive away our
Bocks."
"As you say," growled Rokoff, 'TU
take Jilin out into the desert below the
douar and dispatch him."
"You will take bim a day's ride from
my country," said the sheik firmly,
"and some of my children shall follow
you to see that you do not disobey
me. Otherwise there may be two dead
Frenchmen In the desert"
Rokoff shrugged, "Tben I shall hav*
to watt until tomorrow. It is already
dark."
"As you will," said the sheik. "Bat
by an hour after dawu you must b»
gone from ray douar. I bave little liking for unbelievers and none at all for
a coward."
Rokoff would havo made some kind
of retort but he checked himself, for
be realised that it would require trat
little excuse for the old man to turn
upon him. Together they left the teat
At the door Rokoff could not resist tli*
temptation to turn aod Sing a parting
taunt at TnrUin.
"Bleep well, mowlOTr," he wtd,
"end do not forget to pny wtll, fer
when yoa die tomorrow It wtll be la
such agony that you wilt be unable te
farrowed tbe fleeb ncium hia tempi*,   pny for blaspheming.
It bad stopped bleeding, bat tbe dried     No one had bothered to bring Tinaa
and clotted blood smeared bis face and   tMHr food or water since noon, tad
clothing.   He bad aald no word since , d>n«qiwntly be suffered contldersbly
be had fallen into the bands of theae
Arabs nor bad they addressed Mm
other than to tame ■ few brief com-
uands to him wben tbe hones bad
been reached.
¥ot els  boun  tbey  rode rapidly
!MiTch,      AritetitirtJ' i» arratijiiug ,» credit of AtlMO.liM,.
1     ,«* 1,  „  ,    ,*.*   .* i* *   1 .,».,, >.   ,.• .....  -..,    .    t :., .   >,
<»'
i.,,1.
IHI
•1   1
■ i;
i ,
1    ,.
i'.'ri..
h
1*1
!b
!• toi-;..llu   s.ildlt ".-**  '■>.   A,,,*'. ;'..!".*     ,0,4
»'i'-   l.c'-'i.  'm'-.'i'..   I'.nUvn   h;i-<   i   ^orj-'i*.,  nn«-
.'..»;*. i'«ir ',U.iiM- I,-y.it i.uui-. ior,. .-»li,ii*4 t.s'iuyius, a'.'s.p**..
.rivfilW   -.H-nt'cr ;ltf.'tiii lilfhl.       Y««!  liollti'tff i-i Iumiii'
• ■.tUJlll-'l.        I'.!|*(}*!*'-*S  N   HO I't-ly   licifi'*   p«*t*HHth-d   lo
xxny *■>» «■ ««"»*
lim*"«ii*i'*i»*.o»i
l»v wmkiet;
i.,ii-*..i '.
Oiollt io9l«
I    ii*.
Hte
tit,  :■:
• m**\ >
■*• .1,0,0 la  ,.. tl,  ito   -t«i*«i   l.otiiil'iii' »UU,ti i»»H  mi'   wnr   l..,Ut*Jn.*.Hi  *i*mll' ,
)■:*■'', :i»d jM«»dtH"c-» Ito- lioi"*", grade of lloiir.      Th-e lower priee» offer-!
ilia »• .Vusirima and Argt-nline nn* to n im-aMire oit'-w't  bv leweri
tr* 1"
pbibiwiplliy »tif sb»- iti,t"u-r. i.n
lb«* itnMit *»cv:*:!4«- j'rtlluttn'
tiohtttiiif jiitlii-i'
ifit.i
..-Md-
*'t*I-*l|'I'»
tri'
Uin-
-»X
hn* !i't|.,«ri-<»ily b»>i-n tut;en t,» « x.rt «mv in-
Xtlt* o>
V,.'      j,*,     |!     1
iillv.i. •*■»   »«•>   »»iii*nS||»
!.«.«*.! iH-iiit aj*p.**rc»*tlv willing to b«S ths*. hii-»iiic*.*« j*u l»y »tJ»r.»s-»d, The
iiiillci"* tV.-l" v**r\ V.romtU. that if tliey «rc not supp,ir?.*d hy Uie (»,*\:
•'-rnmeiiJ., flu-v **»h«mld al itwti lw 1'rn-d IVohi all r«-*tH*«*ti«»«»t. *i thai
;..-y r*»nld *-%,*-rt their own *tt*<*rt<* l*» find it iiiark.i f.»r llu* tinge »ur-
..',* *' ,t \- h*. ,-,fy V-l <■•: ■*,. >:itb,tii* i, if.T '■>,'• ".i *hh r> ■»•■;-,» thi*
jfwluttry will -r^rtiiitily find it■**#•}f tit a vrry ner'mo* |dn«-e thb cn-minej
"i'sr.
■1 ilioiiitlit As ip'lch as wait vi udrea
I'untim uf Ihe Aim was «i«li ki-r. auJ
\ m* the grmt lieast «tok1i«I nciilmut a
tree, wbern be had eI|H-<"l«l H» t-rvt
the Mift fienh of m.in. while Tflrw»n. a
I (•rtiifili' «f pu««« t» the righi, |Mimpc«l
iiii.itlicr litillet Intn htm Unit limtitflit
him. I'lnwinit hihI mating. t<» hln uhle
I'wlcf iiiuiv T-inwti tinil In t|iil<*
■.im .»kIoh, mnl then *A nitron Iny utih
nntl nmrv-ii na inure.   It wa* »•« l«iin.»-r
i M tenn Tairnn. It wn* 'i'nnm, »4 th<*
A|H-» that 11 at a NU.-iiiv f«i*l ir,«iji Xbi
' tnwlj iif h * nntate Wil m»«l nil»!ng HI*
♦'-',-,, t„ llu. fell n-iMiii Hf'.-»i |»I^ iul'jhtv
».«"«*t< tn the weird nwt terrll»U» chat
•   .*.*,.:,, „f f.{, tin.!   -1 l-itll -ij'*' »**»'t mtt»i-
! 't- Ub     A1 "I ll™- wli'l l-hlitir* Mi !!»<»
'  ■ i1*! is .•<!,',i<ii*i<t »t.»|i|*-."«l In ltn'*r t(ir*«
,    i.'    .u,it    III'.1.Ii!''I    "*t    (Ult    lli-M:    I'll)
j  in ful *)..iii.   whlli' il>'«'« In iitf f1i» •-
.. *■■,.-•   , lil'.ll, n   ttt   thf   W Il4«.fl»»-*j|   |-i«l|,.
! , ,t , * , * *;,<. ,
I    ,., ,.r,l     tli»     istu")   **■—      tr,4*X***t*f
1   vi,fi|   ti**m   m-rnl   »ti *.-..-•    »**-i*«»rfw   ha.t
j  '«m-r lw d*f-»«»|!»l«F lti.-lf nip's*,
CHAPTtA X
TH«ew#H 1*hi Valley at the 4*1*4***.
MM**'   •>   H*  1r*tt-i  Ittt- iiiif   X*i
wtitrfi TMrttin s|*n»«t n *ntn* ot
*hllr   r>.S»il   rlsfnr«~.   l-rdioc
i'.nit. wlrfc««l l<mkiii« «nm, •»'•
<i ,ii i?n- mmtnd *i»»! hw'tufl et me en
ifair with «|M*»ll«lilMg eye*,   tint fw*"*
from thirst. He wondered If It woald
be worth while to ask bis guard for
water, tmt arter making two or thn*
requests without recelttng any tf
sponse, he dertded that It weald not
■ Kar up in the mountain* lie beerd n
ecross the burning desert, avoiding tbe f Hon roar. How niuelt safer one wm,
tm-wm near which their wsy led. Aboat ; hc »<,||ieqHlMd. In the haunts of wild
noon they came to a donar of about 1>w,u tha(l m the ttannts of nun.
twenty tents. Here tbey halted, and j Ntw (n „« hh. Jungle life bad lw
as one of the Ante wae nleaslng th* y*n m^ „timtteealy tnehed down
slfa gnss rope* which hound bim to | lbtB ,„ the m,t tm iMnths of hu ex-
his mount they wiw surroanded by a j tw^mc0 nnmg drttlied men. Never
mob of men, women and cWldnn. tad ^ h^,, „„, mn^ ^m.
Many of the tribe, and mon especial- AwlB th# ^m j^,,^, (t omntoi a
ly tbe wo«t«i, appeand to take delight ! mu, nH)m ^^ Wt m ^4. wim
In li^plna ln«ults ntm the prisoner, tmpw]m |(l ^n,, «,,,„ lht ^tmttmttw Ot
nml swiii- had even gmie m far as to ; m kU|<J ||u kmr „t M4 %lmm
thww nttmrn al bim end etfth* Wm fMfWt„ <tMt ae «.« a «,,» end net
with Mkk* wl»n an old eheik appner- j ,„ m  n# twww| „, „„ f^^ Uo<|
If he r-mtld httl get them near thnee
nt and drove them away.
■ A<» imt .\li.*.*.*St ut** •%«'," ht snid. .
-fftst »M» mm est *Mi» In the mean- ;'
uiin nwt *itrw el *di««,    Wtat tbo <
ImNiimmi uf the stranger wbo sent w :
mi..* him tuny tm I kivuw not, and •
wtiit ne may tto with this nun when *
w-" turn ItliMi taunt tm him I ttmn wit, i
tml th.> prhM»n*r to « tmtn man. aad 1
■H 1*1*1)1- mr »• id **mt mamma am ****** mm ,
!*"„■; .)    }.il Hu  ,".-«„***!  llu..! W  flue
on* wim hurts the lord wilh the tttfe
bond nh.ne and by nlnbt-oad PkAt
Strang teeth vf hu:   Ue felt t wtM
art** nt *»"»iif»««»* »wiw|i rn-fr nun e*
UU ftfitrio I*. t>ii.<lii tt!« tHn»rtjf  tmi
with f"iflitrv.
Nmu.1   tin*  tu.ii'iu..;  jttiiu.-t  1'"itiii'i
nil)' tiiiw    It wim i|»ilte I'Vldi'Ht Mmt »ii»
■*>*% *%*miug <town tttlo Um> «l«i«tt te
Outlook Por Flour Mills Grows
V©Pf    IJ0I lOllS '        "*"'!*' *'••'•** ntltfi*. i'nliowing tm thm* m thus he*U **{ the one tba?
*^ ; w>« |***!#!ml»-fNr| m #»nr flmt x**m*, wtwt impr*** Mr ¥ntm*r. mYt* wi*
 »..^_»___ s u* tt-sniy tx*m U* offttw thnl |&-0tt fr-uin i# a tldtug of *:»*** pa*!. IV.
(Hy *t, I*. UotU-tlg*-. Editor "funadian Oww" m Vmnimni t***t»p-ir*-. nntr*r*r. ?h«t the *mhmrptn will 1** wi««i twinr* iwii iot-i
With the *'*ix\i uvHiiiK-*' i*f the eiutinrtp* twlnat tlie export -off nfherwWe evert thr Xort-Pdttm-Alt mnj hrrrtm* remtni'emry.    fbn*
tkiits- >< *tri*.»m th**- «i««i*t(«»» hryfxm lm nmnm* n *r*rr w»tn«'n* pk*.**.\mt*r -ran Ml wlier* tlwy are ltk«4f to tlmt l'k»lel»#it*t* in th-f iw^it
Is "* *♦«*.!*" *>' ■■nt five wrrko ***»»»«* th*- mtlle i^«*nI -ivperat"mit mt rxpnri | fntnre.
A
wMrli %r*l* htM * torn ttlMvr, tw4 kt
Into bl« Mnde tins fawabty te rn-
bnt* Mm «»f the t-wtty tmrtnr*. ot tbo
tribe  ikofttt t*h*i this be wna tokea
I'M* Te*t»« (Mt<i»<«1 W-m. 1**r In* w .**
I ift*. Mn tm* wtmlO lie him mno
I rot**v» awl etawghtvr htm Uke * »i«t*i>.
it hu tlul u'ltlth ap.i'Ktt ilU' tii-i, m-Jin.
! IU- did not tear tu dio, nu -It «*m. ihe
'   KiuUkUuti of tU'fwit  tnjftiri' dmth,
1 * **mmma •*«« • v,mmm*.m tu *tm*:*m ••*• ****
Mm.
It mast toe near atMntghf, tHen^M
t'tttun.   lie bed temal twmrt to Urn.
Ito a gMtsttn lent nr-mn the e\v*r Pt* > ftmmtUy he wonld yet lad h way
h»ii>. ** ti waa mm m****** tbey ttmh let tbe douar.   TIht. bf wat tmL nml    ufce Boknff with htm on Ibe longJoW-
tp th*4r *it*nt. «f**«Wh.v way tAWanf f tfcsa, neeantf tomnd. was Irft lylws *a
s jttwe et mil** ititi-t-i »i««f tn \*n*
'•■ht.
ttm taltrf
T»r**H we* h«w m»Wh,i ti«»t »;«•*
■nm* liwl tw tf>t<-»*l»*'<*«w •»» r*<*jrf.»i s   ' *
Hhn, tml Itm nmtp tm4 tattmt-n* U»r •■■•
je»t ta«i *i*h9 !**■***i*••* '♦*•■   **• »-
•It•*.•('t  hittt, yrt  l»-i4ip Ul'i>  t'i     l*
torn to • •airp    Hi* li*»n** r"»i-  t»
*-tP<4 M*l  M   n.;w*.|  la-  l.-i-iii.'H 1"
iii sin l.'tntvr fn rfi»* nnviirtrt'i'i-   iti't -
m **t **n mm ex* l*m*iy «a* !•.*•«"
tit* ilrmtrl
it# kad atmttarty «*lrfV*t llrfc «*-4.rti,r
«(   l-W ene***  wttrm  Kw ttt*-! t.l  1* *
ttm ***»**! *** « fcui-tK* »tu>».» *>■*■.'■>■•-»
(mi* Paw et .ton frmi i»n^i»» tml wImiw
*- minm*4t*4 to I**** i-W *t***l immA*
«*l N»M bHH a# rmlittP itMt «Nf *t
)■* -»■•». *•■*»!•* mm \Pr l4*«t wf hit* fJt,i
r. wm* apP* mma*t*<m-*ra * nm even
.** stent ma***-*'* .natd i*rt tinev aa-
Inw| tofew 0w*O mrttmt nwa ef
i nit)' Ht*1 Hit. tmt wh**n\- ttm lax nml
•*s**trf«« B    All warm to Arete 4rrm* tam
tammmttl* "*w ol Ik* awwutwv aft *otw4
mf.   He twnM beet tbt mtnm h*t
<•» tlie 4tmr% quite thm hy mw. .-m*
•ibtf fen asattt Ma awat fnes oomm
itm peaned eniaiuik* mtxMe th* .*******
Voro toog Horn nbnom M
Tnnaale tnlaed «*n cnagM tiw <
Mf a sfaaltMty aam *wpy.   It
treat AmOhtnOt tmmm mmm
^mWrW*.     bwwp^ihs
R «aam Ra wmmt
mmm. tWA to pern   mr • im*
THWw mom mWtmvw mnmmWomnp PBWI w Wi*
rtble sdeaos that Tinan waa wtrprtsed
■-*■■■■ ■-1   *--   JAAM   ---■*■   ■* -■■■----   PAnm.   -fc.^M -M^jM 1   ,-J|
UK Wm W ■■% WmW W PPiuMK W 1iiZ?r!tt*ZS&^*ffi£%iJi£l
&>
<-?T"",'JuEr»»i«*'
^
9-r——**, —~t*&g-5&r*i--r~2' 'ft?*
i -tr
-•y"  jaw >v- .^^^^^K^r^^k
,THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C. MARCH 7, 1319
PAj&B SEVBW
/
There! It is moving again, noser
It creeps. Tansau turns his houtl lu the
direction of the sound. The Inside of
the tent is black ns Ink. Slowly the
back rises from thp ground, forced up
by the hend and shoulders of tt body
that looks nil hlack iu the blackness.
Beyond Is a faint glimpse of the dimly
moonlighted desert
A grim smile plays about Tarzan's
lips. At least Rokoff will be cheated.
How mad h-t? will be! And death will
be more merciful thun he could have
hoped for at the hands of the Russian.
Now the back of the tent drops Into
place and all Is darkness,again—whatever, it is is inside the Ani with him*
He hears lt creeping close to him—uow
it is beside him. He closes his eyes
and waits for the mighty paw. Opon
his upturned face falls the gentle touch
of a soft baud groping ln the dark, and
then a girl's voice in a scarcely audible whisper pronounces his name.
"Yes, it ls I," he whispers in reply.
1 "But iu the name of heaven who are
your
"The Ouled-Nail of Sldi Alssa," came
the answer. While she spoke Tarzan
could feel ber working about bis bonds.
Occasionally the cold steel of a knife
touched his flesh. A moment later bn
was free. ,
"Cornel" she whispered.
■ On hands and knees he followed tor
ont of tbe tent by the way she had
come. She continued crawling thnn
flat to the ground until she reached a
little patch of shrub. There she halted until be gained her side. For a moment he looked at her before he spoke.
"I cannot understand," he said fit
last, "Why "are you here? How did
you know that I was a prisoner in that
tent? How does It happen that lt ia
you who have saved me?"
She smiled. "I have come a long
way tonight," she said, "and we have a
long way to go before we shall be ont
of danger. Come; I shall tell you all
about it as we go."
T
CHAPTER XI.
Like a Gladiator of Old.
IOGBTHER tbey rose and set off
across the desert in the direction of the mountains.
"1 wns not quite sure that I
should ever reach you," she said at
last   "El adrea Is abroad tonight and
after I left tbe horses I think be winded me uud was following.   I was terribly frightened."
"What a brave girl," he said. "And
you run all that risk for a stranger--"
an alien, aii' unbeliever!"
She drew herself up very proudly.
"1 am the daughter of the Sheik Ka-
dour ben Sadt'n," she answered. "I
should be no fit daughter of his if I
would not risk my life to have that of
the man who saved mine while he yet
thought that I was but a common
Ouled-Nail."
"Nevertheless," he insisted, "you are
a very brave girl. But how did you
know  that  I  wus  a  prisoner back
tkrt^W _____
t&MmlPMm-ttbblt&inA****? M»ti
niistot'tuiie that must or rue men uc
knew pn-ferred Immaculate lineu and
tlieir chilis to nakedness aud the Jungle it was. of course, difficult to understand, yet it wag very evident that
they did.
The two had just turned a projecting
nn-k urotiud which the trail-ran wben
the^- were brought to a sudden stop.
There before them, directly In the middle of the path, stood Numa. el adrea,
the block lion. His green eyes looked
very wicked, and he bared bis teeth
and fashed 'bis bay black sides with
his angry tail. 'JVn he**.roared—th'e
feartwine,.terror inspiring '.roar of the
hungry lion Which Is also angry.
"Your knife," siild Tarzan to the
girt, extending his band. She slipped
the hilt of the weapon into his wait-
ins palm. As his lingers closed upon
it he drew her back nnd pushed her behind him. "^alk back to the desert
us rapidly as you can. If yon hear me
call you will know that all Is well and
you may return."
"It is useless," slie replied resipned-
ly.   "This is the end."
"Do as I tell you," he commanded.
"Qnlcklyl He is about to charge."
The girl dropped buck a few paces,
where she stood watching for tbe terrible sight tliat alio knew she should
6<>uu witness.
The lion was odvuncipg slowly toward Tarzan. bis nose to the ground,
like a challenging bull, his tall, extended now, and quiverlug as though with
intense excitement
The upe-mau stood, half crouching,
the long Arab knifo glistening in the
moonlight Behind bim the tense figure of tbe girl, motionless as a carved
statue. She leaned slightly forward,
her lips parted, her eyes wide. Her
only conscious thought was wonder at
the bravery of the man who dared face
witb a puny knife the lord with the
li..ge head. A man of ber own blood
would have'knelt In prayer and gone
down beneath those awful fangs without resistance. In either case the result would be the same—lt was inevitable, hut she could not repress a thrill
,*»f admiration as her eyes rested upon
the heroic figure before her. Not a
tremor In the whole giant frame—his
attitude as menacing and as defiant as
that of el adrea himself.
The Hon was quite close to him now
—but   a    few    puces   Intervened—he J
crouched and then, with a deafening I
rour, he sprang. j
As Numa. el,adrea, launched himself j
with widespread |>uws and bared fangs j
he looked  to find this * piiuy  man as j
ea«y prey ns the .score who had gone)
down henenth biro.'In the pnst   To him
man wus a clumsy, slow moving, defenseless creature-lie had little respect
for him
But this time he found that he was
pitted npi inst a creature as agile and
us quick us himself. When his mighty
frame struck the spot where tlie man
had been he was no longer there.
The watching girl was tr.msli.ved by
Ji};t.*,{ii8j}j5j4i{}{_{st—tlis-esvse—w-itii—whloh-
the crouching mnn eluded the great
paws. And now, 0 Allah! He had
rushed In behind cl adrea's shoulder
even before the beast could turn and
had grasped him by the tnnne. The
lion reared upon his hind legs like a
horse-Tnrzan hail known tbat he
would do'this,*-and, l.e was* ready. A
giant nrm encircled the blnck maned
throat ami once, twice, a iW-cn times,
not iry to explain further, lor tt always seemed to bim that a woman
must look witb loathing upon one who
was yet so nearly a beast Together
they continued their journey. The sun
was an hour high when tbey came out
Into the desert again beyond tbe moun-f
tains. Beside a little rivulet tbey
-found tbe girl's horses grazing. They
bad come this far on tbeir way home
and, witb tbe cause of their fear no
longer present bad stopped to feed.
-With little trouble Tarzan and the girl
caught tbem and, mounting, rode out
Into the desert toward the douar of
Sheik Kadour ben Saden-
No sign of pursuit developed, and
they came in safety about 9 o'clock to
their destination. The sheik had but
just returned. He was frantic with
grief at the absence of his daughter,
whom he thought had been again abducted by the marauders. With fifty
men be was already mounted to go ln
search of her wben tbe two rode Into
the douar.
His joy at the safe return of bla
daughter was only equaled by bis
gratitude' to Tarzan for bringing her
safely to him through tbe dangers of
the night, and bis thankfulness that
Khe had been in time to save the mau
who bad once saved her.
No honor that Kadour ben Saden
could heap upon the ape-man tn acknowledgment of bis esteem and
friendship was neglected. When the
girl had recited the story of the slaying of el adrea Tarzan was -surrounded
hy a mob of worshiping Arabs, It'was
a sure road to their adnilrution and re
spect
The old .sheik Insisted that Tarzan
remalft indefinitely ns bis guest He
even wished to ndojit him us a member of the tribe, and there was for
home time a half formed resolution in
the ape-man's .mind" to accept and remain forever with these wild people,
whom he understood and who seemed to "understand .him. His friendship
nnd liking for the girl were potent factors in urging him toward au ailirma
tlve decision
Had she been a mnn. he argued, he
should not have hesitated, for It would
lime meant a friend ufter his own
heart, with whom he could ride utul
hunt at.> will, but ns it was they would
be hedged hy the conventionalities that
nre even more strictly observed hy the
wild   ii ails  ol   tiie desert   thnn   by
their, more civilized brothers and sis
ters And in n little while ^be would
be married to one of these swanliy
vr:itriors, nm! there would be nu end
10 tlieir' friendship. So he 'derided
'ugiiinsl the sheik's proposal, though
lie remained n weel-: us ills unest.
When he left Kadour ben Siirti'ii
llfty white robed 'warriors nn\v with
him to. Hon SniHin. While itiey were
mounting in the ilnii.-ii nt Kadniii ben
S.oleu the iiiurnilii: ot then departure
fhe  girl  rathe  to  hid   r.-ireweii   to  Tar
"I   h :ve  prayed  tlmt   \«>u
a sharp blade darted In nnd out of the
bay black side behind the left shoulder
Frantic were the leaps of Niiiua;
nwful his roars of rime and pnln Hut
the glnni upon bis life k could u<»t he
« -lodged or brought within reach of
mugs or talons In Ibe brief Interval of *
life that remained *<■ 'he ,,"',, w,,,> ,tl"■'■
large head lie w.is quite dead when
Tnrznti of the Xpert rclo-fi-d in» hold
and arose Then tlie i<:nu;iiiei. of the
desert witnessed « mliia thai teena.'il
her even more thnn ii.»«l Hi., jovei-v
nt el sdiv     The umu  i.'-i-i.-t n   loot
open the carcass of hts kill and, with
bis handsome face mined toward thn
full moon, guve voice to the most
frightful cry thut evt-r smote upou bur
ears.
With a little cry or fear she shrank
away from him. 81m (bought thut the
fearful strain of tbo encounter had
driven bint mad. An the last note of
that Oeudinh challenge died out In the
diminishing echoes ot tbe distance the
man dropped bis eyes until tbey retted
upon tlm girl,
Instantly his face wnn lighted by the
kindly smile that ou ample assurance
ot his sanity, nud the girl breathed
freely once again, milling In response.
"Wbit manner of man are your she
asked. "The thing yon bare done la
unheard of.   Eren now I ennnot be-
"Achmet din Taieb, wbo is my cousin on my father's side, was visiting
some friends wbo belong to tbe tribe
that captured you. He was- at tbe
douar wben you were brought in.
When be reached home be was telling
us about the big F&mchman who bad
been captured by All ben Ahme\ for
another Frenchman who wished to kill
hlra. From tbe description I kuew that
tt must be you. My father was away.
I tried to persuade some of tbe men
to come and save you, but tbey would
not do It, saying: 'Let tbe unbelievers
UU one another If they wish. It Is
none of our affair, and If we go and
interfere with All ben Ahmed's ftlana
we shall only stir up a fight with onr
own people.'
"So when lt was dark I came alone,
riding one horse and leading .another
for you. Tbey are tethered not far
from here. By morning we shall bt
within my father's douar. He ahould
be tbere himself by now-then let
them eome and Uy to take Kadour
bon 8odcn's friend."
For a few moments thoy walked oa
in alienee.
"We should be near the horses," ahe
said. "It is strange that I do not see
them hem"
Then a moment later she stopped,
with a little cry of consternation.
"Tbey are goner she exclaimed, "ft
ts here that I tethered them."
Turxnu stooped to examine tht
ground. Be found that a large shrub
bad been torn np by tbe roots. Then
ht found something els*. There van
« wry snilto on bla ftet as be mat nntl
turned toward the girt
"Bl adrea Pm bttn here, rrom tbe
sign*, UuMitfb, 1 rather tbluk that Uie
pny etcaped bin. With a little start
thty wonld tw mtn enough from him
In tbt open."
j There wu nothing to do trat content on foot Tbt way led them across
it low spur of tbt mountains, but tbt
girl knew tbt trail as well as she did
iter mother's fact. Tbty walked ta
easy, swinging strides, Tamn keeping
• band's breadth behind tbt girl's
pbmlAm that tbt might ttt tbe t*ca
Md thut bt law fstlgutd. as tbty
wtlfetd taey talked, aeeiatonally ntoo-
pUW it Uttto fur sounds of pursuit
It wat a beautiful moonlit night
Tbe air was erttp and invigorating.
Behind tbem ity the Interminable »l»ta
tf tkt desert dotted bttt nnd there
wttb aa otvaatopal oasts.   Hie date
piims of tht little fort! to spot they bad
Jn*t left end tbt drett of gtwfakln
twto stood tat ta slurp relief tgnlmt
tttn  i>-»-»*f««»t tmmtt .a'mt*****i*t*   **/***> Al**
-apon a-phantom •«. Before them row
tbt Rftm and ntknrt mountain*.   Tat*
aaat Mood leaped In bit vtena.   This I
vat Mf*:   lit too**-* <*$"** vv™ **• ,
gttf baaMt hi»-« daughter of tbt dat-
ert walking across tbe face of a dead J
****** wm« * mmm <*-**> man *-*■-**-•   -*• *
ooMot tt tlw tfeaaght   Ht wtabtd
that be bed bad s Pntm sod tbat she j
bed been Ukt this girt.   What ■ bully
tftam ska oooM bare bttal
Tbey bad entered tbt awmttama
aaw aad mm pfatwastai wrt ttow-
ti. (nt tb* trail wm *u«v-4« "*wi ««iy
l|. UK tmm um i~ llttt tbtt It » pttllblt ftf t ItBt
*rmm4 *nty with a  fcnffe.  to  hare
. «-,  „ _„,    tti-Ahl bant to baot with ot n&tmn not
9. —"maiirtii ha» hiiur'i dottsr before I motomt btm, BBscttbsd—to -havt
p!?minmbn4otmZmtbtm Top <*W«* «*» «•« And tbat tip-
mm wtt^rtafetoff tttt titf might wa* t '* **• *** "•"a*** *by 444 yew da
t-attas fsMttr.  If Uw gtrt tmmtaly I ,fc*^r
ik** mubL   Ot toagtd far a j   Tsrasa Ambtm. "It it bseaaat I UP
tttaw+mom tmoO _tb. aawa ttm wt j ^^ ^^   ^ imnmmm
in:;.!i witli us."' she
-UjlUIL'll    I't'.in    I'l"    s;
h.'iud   in   liirewell,
• t;i.\  that yon will
There w:is
ness in her
llirlle
■in.l-.th
said
would  re
■ply. us he
=jAl*Jlj%IJ lu*i	
I    slmll
~     •    -"AfliBUBft
piace of concealment  it was ior were
he headed.
Through narrow alleys, black as
Erebus, be groped and then np a rickety stairway, at the end of which were
a closed door and a tiny, unglazed window. The window waa high under the
low eaves of the mud building. Tarzan could Just reach the sill. He raised himself slowly until his eyes topped
It The room within was lighted, and
at a table sat Bokoff and Gemots.
Gemots waa speaking.
"Rokoff^ou are a deTOH' he was
saying. "Tou hare hounded me until
I hare lost the last shred of my honor.
Ton bave driven me to murder, for the
blood of that man Tarzan is on my
bands. If It were not that that other
devil's spawn, PauJviteh, still knew my
secret I should kill you here tonight
with my bare hands."
Rokoff laughed- "Yon would not do
that, my dear lieutenant," he said.
"The moment I am reported dead by
assassination tbat denr Alexis will forward to the minister of wnr full proof
of tbe affair you so ardently long to
conceal, and, further, will charge you
with my murder. Come, be sensible.
I am your best friend. Bare I not protected your bonor as though lt were
my own?"
Gemots sneered and spat out an oath.
"Just one more little payment" continued Rokoff, "and the papers I wish
and you bare my word of bonor tbat I
shall never ask another cent from yon
or further Information."
"And a good reason why," growled
Gemots. "What .Von ask will take my
last cent and the only valuable military
secret I bold. Tou ought to be paying me for tbe information Instead of
taking both It and money too."
"1 am paying yon by keeping a still
tongue In my bead." retorted Rokoff.
"But let's bave done. Will you or will
you hot? I give you three minutes to
decide. If you are not agreeable I shall
send a note to your commandant tonight that will end In the degradation
that Dreyfus suffered—the only difference being thnt be did not deserve It"
For a moment Cernols sat with bowed head. At length.he arose. He drew
two pieces of paper from his blouse.
"Ilere," he said hopelessly. "I had
thein ready, for ,1 knew that tbere
could he but one outcome." He held
them toward the llnssl.in.
RokoflTs cruel fare lighted ln ma-
llgnnnt gloating He seized the bits of
paper.
"You have done well, fJernois," he
snid. "I shall not trouble yon ngnfn—
unless you happen to accumulate some
more money or Information," and he
grinned.
"You never shall again, you dog!"
hissed Gernois. "The next time 1 shall
kill you. I came'near doing it tonight.
For an hour I sat with these two
pieces of paper on my table before me
ere I came here; beside them lay my
loaded revolver 1 was trying to decide which 1 should bring.   Next time
iwo pieces ot paper sail tay. ab ne
picked them up Rokoff gasped tn horror.
Tarzan examined both the check and
the otber. Be was amazed at the information the latter contained. Rokoff
bad partially read It but Tarzan knew
tbat uo one could remember the salient
facts and figures It held which made it
of rea I. value to on enemy of France.
"These will Interest the chief ot
staff." be said as he slipped them Into
his pocket
Rokoff groaned. He did not dare
curse aloud.
(To bo continued)
VAB-SAVINGS STAMPS ABE SOLD
WHEBEVEB TOU SEE THII IKS
A Plan For
Investors-
Big and
Little
VETERANS WARNED TO
KEEP AWAY FROM B.C.
Little Hope of Employment Until
Province Veterans Are
Provided Por
VANCOUVER, B.C.-A varri'ing
has been issued by officials of the
G.W.V.A. to veterans o! the late
war who did not enlist in British
Columbia, not to seek the' Pacific
coast unless they coma prepared
financially. E. A. Paige, editor
of the British Columbia Veterans'
Weekly, and h. C. Mabhott, president of the Army and Navy Veterans Association, both concurred
in a statement made public hern
today in which they say:
"From the present outlook it
■will be .some considerable time
before all the men who left from
this province will be re-established
in civil life again, and it h .not
right to hold out hopes of envploy-
ment to veterans from other parts
of the Dominion, when our own
men are still unprovided for.
"There is no doubt that a large
number of veterans from other
parts are flocking tothe-coast, and
unless theso men are given to understand the situation fully before coming here, a serious situation mav arise for a time at least."
Build a $50 Bond
A War-Savings Certificate, provided
**"*• free of charge with your first
War-Savings Stamp, has spaces for
10 War-Savings Stamps.
A War-Savings Certificate with a
W-S.S. in each space is a Dominion
of Canada "bond" for the payment of
$50 on January lst, 1924.
And you invest less than $41
to secure it—paying as it proves
convenient to you.
War-Savings Stamps cost $4.02
in March, $4.03 in April and
$4.04 in May.
Fill up your THRIFT Card (16
Thrift Stamps at 25c each). Thrift
Stamps earn no interest, but a filled
card represents $4 when you invest
in a War-Savings Stamp.
oz
/
AT ALL MONEY-ORDER  POST OFFICES. BANKS. ETC.
ElffliiMEIiMByaj^
■ M
Directory of U.M.W. of A.
PHILADELPHIA    " RECORD
ASKS SOLDIERS TO BE
CONTENT WITH
GLORY
DISTRICT 18
Headquarters, 316 Beveridge Building, Calgary, Alta.
President, Tom Biggs. Vice-President, P. il.'Christopher,
.Secretary-Treasurer, Ed. Browne
Philadelphia,
delnhia Record.
Pa.—The   Pbila-
one of the news-
"II Illl     II" w
Il'llll'll '* j
iiii ex|>ii-<*>ifiii "I   ivi-ltul   i
ticinillfill  eves,  niii*!  ii   (Hi   i
i|iini|i   nl    llie   mr'Ui'l'i*   uf ■ lift  |
T.ir/.ili wil* l-Miii-lii-il
■Who  K i n ■ w-* ?"* nml  tln'ii   ti»'  mi null
ii••> 1 finl,- nfti-r tlif lii'imiliiii.'  Atnlm.
Outside Bou Siimlii lie Imde Kadour
ben SikU'u -iiud lit« ua-n uuodby, for
there" were reasons which mude him
wlHh to make his entry Into the town
na secret as possible, und when lia
had explaiiu'd tliem to the sheik tbe
latter tonturred In Ills decision. Tbe
Arabs were to enter llou Siindn ahead
of bim, sny ing uotliius «8 to bin pre*-
ence with them. Later Turziiu would
come In nlone und «o directly to uu obscure nntive Inn.
Thus making IiIh entrance after dark
an he did. he wu* uut neeu by any one
who knew him und readied the Inn un
olwerved, After dliilng with Kadour
lieu Sndfii as his guest be went io
bin former hotel by a roundaliout way
nml, coming In by a rear entrance,
xouelit tho urnprlflor, who wemed
much niirprlsed to tsee him alive.
Yes, there wnn mull for inon*leur;
lie would fetrh It. N'o. he would iiwn-
tion moui-ili'ur'ji return .to uo oue. Pa*
cutty lie returned with ,i packet of letters. One was tin order from hi* an
perlor to lay olT on IiIh prcneut work
.ind lumten to Cni*« Town by the tlm
»tenmor be could get. Win further In-
Htrui'tlon* would be awaiting bim there
in the hand* or «not her agent who**
mime and uddrom were given, That
wax all-brief but explicit, Turun arranged to leave Bou Buada early the
next morning. Tbeu he atartwl for
ibe garrttton to ho Captain Uerard,
niiD iii*- hotel man bad told bim bad
returned with hi* detachment the pre-
vtouftday.
He fonnd the officer tn tri* qnirter*
He waa filled with mirprlae and pleasure at ae-elng Tanun allfe and wnll.
•When Lieutenant CHirnota returned
,nd reported that ha had not found
run at the apot that you bad cboaen to
remain white the detachment waa
•ranting I waa tilled with alarm. Wa
Menft'lied the moMiitalna for da/a.
Then came word that ym bad twtn
killed and oaten by a Hun. Aa proof
tour sun waa brought to na. Yonr
homo had Warned to eamp tho aeeood
t*jr afltt ymi 4t*a*i*fw*aftoct. Wa
••mtM imt dunht I Jen tens tit Unroot.
wn* grief atrttken. lie ttmh all tho
t.lnme apon lilmMf. It waa ht wbo
Undated uu carr j Intt ott tbe march
tilniaptf, It waa be who found tho
4fMb with your gmi He wilt b» *•»
lighted to know thnt yon nr* mtn."
*****,***•*■**.,    miihi   ,„,t.+ti   mtim e
•dm i mill'
"tie I* down In tbt* tow* itrtw tw t
•ibonld atod for him," cuotiOMwt fnp*
taio *t}*rnr*l "I abail leii bim an mmo
a» bo returoa "
tiiecliolce shall be easier, for I already
bave decided, Vou hud a close call tonight, Rokoff. Do not tempt fate a
second time."
Tben Gernoia rose to leave. Tnrran
barely hud time.to drop to the landing and shrink back into tbe shadows
on tbe far side of the door. Eveu tben
be scarcely hoped to elude detection.
Tbe landing was very small, and
though he flattened himself against
the wall at its fnr edge„ he was .scarcely more thari a foot from the doorway.
Almost Immediately it opened, und
Gernois stepped out. Rokoff was behind bim. Neither spoke, tiernols
had taken perhaps three steps down
tbe stairway when be halted und half
turned, as though to retrace bis steps,
Tarzan knew tbat discovery would
bo Inevitable. Kokoff still stood on
the threshold a foot from bim, but bo
waa looking In tbe opposite direction.
toward Gernois. Then the officer evidently reconsidered his decision and
resumed bis downward course. Tartan could hear ItokoiTs sigh of relief.
A moment later the Hussion went back
Into tbe room and closed tbe door.
Tarzan waited until Gernois hud bad 1
Mme to get well out of bearing, then ;
he pushed open tho door nnd stepped ;
Into the room. He was on top of Ro-!
koff before tbe man could rise from ;
tbe cbalr where he sat scanning the
paper Gemots bad given him. As bU j
eyea turned and fell upon tbe ape- j
man's face bla owu weut livid.
"What do yon want?" whispered Ito-
koff, ror tbe look In the ape man's eyea
frightened htm. "Have you come to
kill ma? You do not dara Tboy wonld
guillotine you. You do not dare kill
me."
"I dare kill yoti. Rokoflr,'* repttwl
Tanan, "for no one knowa that yoa
an bar* or tbat I am here, and I'anl-
vttcb would tell them that It waa Get-
noia. I beard yon tell Gernoia ao. Out
that woald not influence mo. Rokoff.
I woald not -Mtre who kuew (Hat I bad
killed you. Tbe pleasure of killing yoa
woald moro tban componaato for any
punishment tbey might inflict apon ma.
Yoa ar* tho most despicable ear of a
coward, Rokoff, I have e»er heard of.
You ahould be klll«t.   I ahould lovo to
International Board Member, Ii. Livett
District Board Members
William Ilunter, Fernie, B. C, Sub. L)ist. No. 1
Tom Price, Hillcrest, Alta., Sub. Dist, No. 2
Chas. Peacock, Lethbridge. Alia., Sub. Dist. No. '*i
Frank Wheatley, Bankhead, Alta., Sub. Dist. No, 4
John Kent, Wayne, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 5
Alex. Susnar. Brule, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 6
■  Steve RfgiiHi   Distrii^. .■fhffiuiig-ftc^
papers that always defends the interests of the employers, and
which earries an A meriean Flag
at tho head of its column, has put
forth the following editorial asking the soldier to "take much of
his compensation in glory."
''The regional railroad director
of the Alleghany division of the
Federal-system has spoken words
we've been expecting some employer eventually to sny. Jlr.
Markham tells us that; discharged
sailors, soldiers and marines, who
left the railroad's employ to take
service in the army or navy, are
expecting better jobs upon their
return than Ihose Ihey left. h\
many cases they are refusing to
take' their old berths, Thc
are peeved to find their old 'issue-
District Solicitor, Ii. Ostlund, Lethbridge,
1
1
menijg
jiates promoted to higher positions jgj
and, while their* dissalisfac'.'on u.fi
Datura'  »»<»n»li * tln<  railroad   can Id
No
of Local
2314
2384
2877
20:53
2227
2163
1263
481
1058
574
nso
11*!l
!12(i
102
2!1
13S7
10!)8
0.
iiii:
enough, the railroad can
offer no relief. Those wim were
left behind have had Hie opportunity to learn more of the businc-i-***:
and hence, nuikc themselves more
valuable in that particular line.
The grenter value to the .country
of the fighting man's s.vvuv is
acknowledged, but whal'-t 1<> ■>('
done about it? ft is the soldlei-'s
fate to take much of liis compoi-
sation in glory nnd the eivvii'ioiiv
iiohs nf having done his high
It  isn't comforting,  but   it
nty, I
was
ever
thus.
1 DESTRUCTION"
■1 T*]
pi
j And
! ment
j nntcH
inrmy
uow the Komiuiuian govern
"will iimiiil
given out
of occupation which luiiuiuil
0
I74<i
2817
857(i
«!•!»:{
li-Hi
155!)
2!14!)
324SI
2015
:)SW
2055
'ASM
8175
1051
-»iw:i
871.0
•lO'lli
mi
IIIH
Address
Fernie, 11
/Michel, B. C.
Corbin, B. C.
Colemaii, Alta.
•I'arbondisle, via Coleman
Hlairmore, Alta.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
Hillcrest, Alta.
Lethbridge, Alia.
Federal Mine, Lethbridge
Coalhurst, Alia.
Commerce, Diamond City, AHa.
Tii bor, Alta.
Itaiikhoad, Alta
Canmore. Alia.
Nordegg, AHa.
Wayne, Alta.
Druiiiheller,  Alia,
ftosedale, Alta.
Aerial, Alia.
Drumheller, Alta.
Dnniihi-ller, Altn.
M'Hi.'ircli  Mine. Alta.
Yellowhead, t'oalspur, Alta.
Lovett. Alta,
Oliphant  Munson, via Coulspur
Diamoml City, Alta.
Mountain Park, Alta.
Mile 22, Cmilspur, Alia.
Pocahontas, Alta.
Brule, Alta,
Humb.-rstone Mino. 1191S Mth
Luiii-iuiiyii, Alia,
Cardiff, Alta.
Twin ('ity Mines,
l)710-S5ih
I nil the bank- I "    j
hy  the  0.»miili!!S|  J «,
Thin «..|
dlh"
•we
lo about *8»fi,Ono.(KMI."
iiormoiiM ilemlruction of
Uiit'i'lH wilh no protest at «h" linial
I of the virtlioua "cnletl1" allies.'
7;
4121
41 Ht
2"
Sturgeon Mine, Kdmonton
Dawson Mine, Kilnuniton, Hox
Clover Bar, Strathcona
I'oal <'ity, Tiilier
Hegal Collierii'H, Taber
Secretary
Harry Martin
Henry (Beard
■ C. Searpelli
John Johnston,
Dan liogers
Hod McDonuld
Evan Morgan
.John Brooks
Frank Lote
Charles Peacock
Mall Petrus
Percy Spencer
Albert Zak
Alex. Mch'oherts
Frank Wheatley
N. I). Thachuk
Janies BevvKhcr
John Kent
T. P. Thompson
Ilv. Smith
Kn.il Usibelle
\. Parker
.1. K. Adams
Roliert Parry
.1. P. Morris
K. Lund
Joseph Ormoiid
Tom Sliatmon
Pete Titwino
W. C, Stephens
L. A. Williams
Alex. MeFegnn
Avenue, Kduiontou
Chas. Taylor
Louis How
W. J. Botirqiift
Ave., Strathcoiitt
Holml Jonea
John Jordan
'!t2    Tlnmw* Coxon
II. BurKlmrdt
Willlfttn Durham
(J   II   Davin
T
Wtooth Worn Mm Lmo« of Nwma.
fin ntn-M tuluuum thtty Iuul li'uu -4
lest  fh* ftrt was wot*4nttn§ tt tb»y
mmt    Be Hi MUM*
era**' t*utnm*u***b1nM
hat it wai hb
ta I tm^^^im^m
lUtti I am »»oth#f waattir*"   H» *t4
CHAWttrt XII.
Jalin CaMwtH, L««)rfan.
.AII/.AN  lri   lUf  othi-et  Ihlak
Ittat he bdd Im«u k**t. wandering floalli tutu Uw rtonar or
Kadutir In-ii Padtm. who bad
rtr*r,rt,ii1 tlim b«'*<t t'i I*.mi !*H!l'la
A« wkiii aa poMlW» a* bade lh* good
fthfttf *4i*>n imi itisttiifO tiii'ti into
ibf lo«u M Ibe tirtiHi* iun he li»d
Mnied Ibroagb Kadonr hen Pndeo ■
)<:.<» mt tMat««»ti« totettnathm It
l»!,| mt a  Moth  Untrftal   wlill* mai
nlio wem alwnjr* dixguUni aa aa
Arab tut n ttt** h* tmO notmt 0
bnMtx wrfct JI'ii'-K r-vtvuUk iv* lw4
imem away turn H«mi i«aa*»l«. tmt ono
lm wna ImhIi   mnl   L'ar/nti ■»■«*•■»  Ma
Ml)   yon,"   and   Tartan
etaacr to tb* mnn,
Rohoff*a am** w«rt heyoi to tbo
breaking imlnt. With a ahrlok ho
aprang toward ao adjoining room, but
tb* ape-man wn* upon hit twek whlla
bla l«ap waa |<»t Imii half comp'rtM
Iron tlnsvrn aoinrht hia lhr«Mit Tlio
great coward lejueulcU like u i^tuck
pig nntfl Taruiin had abut ult hia wind.
Tb« lh# arnviuao dragged him to bla
tut**    «•♦■)«   1**1.,t»»<  *.   M."       T»--    f»<" ''"'■'<'
afrowlHi fiitll*fl»    ll# waallkwa tMtM
In lit* mighty itraap or iaraan of tne
*A|MNI>
Tnrmn ml Ww In * ebntt, »r4 !'««
before ihoro wa* danger of tb# man'*
dying be re1*en*4l hii* huld «iv»ii hl«
*'" * 'V " "• ■■■ ■■'- . '....-»
»|wll bad alMttfi Tnrmtn *i*>'*e to bim
again
**l hate git-Mi jou a taalo nt tl»« not
fcrtng of d#alb." be wild "But I ^iiali
not kill-tilt* ttmt* I am ttparlng ;>m»
NOlHy for ih«» *«»# ot a t*ry 0***1 wo
mutt trltmi* rrtttt ettliftirmni* 1* **** fit
i»«» i-^ni horn ol IIm> mw* wt*m*t,
Who   U'H'r   l>lr|t)    ti»   f/fll       Hill    I    sh'ill
*jiHrt' jmi nio.v n-i'' t'tie-f. on tn-r ,-u-
' -crMint   f h.xitil I rw h^rn lhat r«»«
hnae ttamu *oi*»yi*.l b** <t tm bo*
l t.;tu*t ■htmtd *tm *•■*** »itiw»jt n*><* a^Jiin
'   «l»»ntd I ti.-ar t«,»i yum &»*« reOirn
t.1 ty V'tuif*' 'it t<» any FrtnmO i***-.**
' -(-..,   r   1. .    *    -    ,1 ■■ .    **•        1   ■  '
|>,   in.,,     >   *l.«ii    1 «t*I   ■ -••• |...-lr   tee
ill, ,1.11,        I         ,,.11     *     *.'!. t ll.'ll
l|,    ),„    .,t   „    , .■. .       ***     .   .    ••   llw
approached ; f)rei*umal»ly In-ciuine it is
peime of thetllipt'Hiif 111.'
But what fl r<»w th<""
ii»n« wiiti'i',  and  Mill   <"
MOittel'. I itllM- Ibe S .\ie'
I'liiHei!
t th"f\-
i-rtna'i.H.
Wil 4     lint
lot-    Lii
I'.iVl ill-
t•»  din.
oii-nt or Knutia |>r^,
troy ^wealth" <>f a .-.t il-ir
iirl'or. thai liad he.-u f«• ;■.!•• I
f!,.■  Itiis.xiaii  people b"'  .'i
ment tmxv dead ami d-»*-*>.ed,
titj»i<r»   Hill!   iiU«llI   io   •»«•   "   '•
mi u   >uiie .    * >' ,i' .i   -*
it*  hiiwLni:   r<in,,ou..»I>-   '^J'
„j, An«.*,,! *'.,x.*x  ,*t "»,t,-.>ri.)*,» "   '*
niake niuiu'wftnt -»f a diff-'en-
I,,   nho.e   i,\   '"* bei'll-  STor-il.
Illl*     t|t«K*lr*t« '1-tOII     l»l »H.H»i.»
tcrrdde
•bar-
ui   11
iVi'i'll
1
e3«ssp'-«'»-iB«wisi'Vf»'*i»if
tr)
l
jti
I
■ Ht
.**
**w.t.-wrtit>ii
;**£t*zt^**i
,'  |l>»
B-i«
IN MEMORY OF YOUR
BELOVED DEAD
„.:(♦   \„   ,   11.<-   -..„!.   t'*, *-   - *«*1 '   '
,,.   v. t'V   v ",*.,i\y\\*\„ JH'irrs  juiiJ   free   iVoin   ail   i i
middli'lllHI'nt   fee«.      If   Vull   lire   )f)l«'revt*>d   10   !'
memorial atone nf any wize, or any description
mir.> write, lellioi.' nbout what v.iii di-kiire and w*
... »«>m
r4
1
ill    HllCI".
FOR SAiB
meet ion
of laud.
f.
tr
fe
need J    55
,*,,., ■, ,it,'.i •,,'• *i'U»    .»»>4
front;    nir-riMoiii'd    ti«»n*«*
,.,..),..nt- -'..«'"n :mh"»*;-. *ti»M-e
Ji for ntab!e-«: ehiejfett lutllse and
otitltu'dliinrs; a    "«"'d
Mrs. L Morel
Marblehead, Lardo,   - B. C.
•»t»iSi(»«i*?',^:«sS)»i»»'.«r,ijy>'7J^''';'':*i';<'',J''
7":^K3f«
river
her
«»
. nr fi(,ttll-ri
1 ,«.»ii<,(tr*
t*
Wnl«
ilairV
W. *l
2*.;ii
^»   T   fii»ti»H<»H
Inndbreck, AHa.
IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE
\t       %1       *^A
tmm mAm -Mm
',t|yMv *^^^^^^®^8Hiwf^^^S?w
PAGE EIGHT
>0-
THE. DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.-B.C. MARCH 7, 1919
f»
Tbe Calgary Convention
FOURTH DAY
P.'
If*
«»
RESUME.
Sixteenth Annual Convention, District 18, United Mine Workers of
America, Calgary, Alberta, February 20th, 1919.
(Reported by Fred G. Perry, Fernie, B.C.)
FOURTH  DAY—MORNING.
President Biggs called the Convention to order at 9.30 a.m., Delegate Bassetti being the only absentee recorded.
International. Qrg^riiz-si'.^Qei requested permission to address the
Convention with reference to matters contained in a personal letter
to Editor Lawson of "The District Ledger" from J. B. McLachlan with
reference to the Nova Scotia Mine Workers, which was read immediately after the adjournment of the previous session and reference
made to this communication in the local press. President Biggs, however, ruled that as this matter would come before the Convention later
International Organizer Rees should defer his remarks until later.
REPORT OF RESOLUTION COMMITTEE continued:
SPECIAL   RESOLUTION   NO.   49   submitted* by   Oliphant
Local Union, No. 2615:
We demand the abolition of permits for Fire Bosses, Pit r
Bosses, Mine Managers and Steam Engineers.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 26, submitted by John Marsh,
Fraternal Delegate from Fire Bosses' Association:
Resolved that this Convention of Miners assembled from
District 18, United Mine Workers of America, think the time
has arrived from a point of Safety First when all Provisional
Certificates granted to individuals be eliminated from the Mine
Act, and that we use every effort to have this accomplished.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your committee concur in Resolutions Nos. 49 and 26,5^ . ■*;,- *.- ,..*.r;*->w»«.:-,.i^,«...,,,„-,,.,.., ..,.^„,^,y *».^,lvr,. . ,v)
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 41, submitted by Gladstone
Local No0 2314:
Whereas the Fire Bosses at Fernie, Michel and Corbin have
fozmed a Union which we believe was for the benefit of the.,
workers in general, and they also hold a charter from the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada;
And whereas the said Fire Bosses of the Fernie District
oh idle days do other work than their own, thereby depriving
members of the above Local Union the right to work;-
Therefore be it resolved that this Convention go on record
protesting against their action, and and we request that you
send a communication to the Fire Bosses' Convention which is
to be held in Blairmore in the near future.-—(Passed without
a dissenting voice.)
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your committee concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
Some little discussion arose in connection with this resolution, and
Delegate Peacock suggested that same be laid on the table until the
arrival of Fraternal Delegate John Marsh, of the Fire Bosses' Association. The matter was concluded, however, by the passing of thc
following amendment: '
MOVED McNab—Browne: THAT the District Executive Board
endeavor to get an audience with the Fire Bosses' Association upon
the occasion of their convention, to be held in the near future, at
which time the matters embodied in the resolution could be jointly
considered.
CARRIED.
Motion as amended.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 42, submitted by Oliphant
—iiOCSiL-
Whereas the District Secretary has got a lot bf work to
do and Local No. 2615 believes that he should have a stenographer in the District Office;
Whereas local grievances that are too far away could be
handled by the District Secretary.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   Your committee non-concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
Upon request, Secretary Browne advised the Convention that he
had been authorized by the District Executive Board to engage a
stenographer at any time he required the services of same.
Motion to adopt the recommendation of the committee was
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 43, submitted by Oliphant
Local No.. 2616:
We demand the Nationalization of Drug Stores, Hospitals
and Doctors.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   We concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED,
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 45, submitted by Oliphant
Local No. 2615:
That we demand all Fire Bosses, Driver Bosses and Timber
Bosses shall belong to the Union,
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   This matter is covered by tho District Constitution ahd requires no comment.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 46, submitted by Oliphant
Local No. 2615:()
**-'}■  ■  •'■  We deriiami a closed shop In lilstrict 18,
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   We concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 47. submittal by Oliphant
Local No. 2615:
Powder question in hard coal fields to bo left with Fire
Rosso* nnd District Inspector ro amount of powder in ono holo
or place.
iii'il'OU'i' OK tlOiMMtVll'iK:    Wo t'ecuiniiifiui liittt thiH qu-Kaliuit
be turned over to Iho Legislative Committee.
MwVKJJ ami M'cuiidul .l.u juluptloii.
CAHHIKI), *
SPt'riAL  UNSOU'TION   NO.   18  submitted  by  Oliphant
LjK*ul l-ninri. No. 2»$lf>;
That wm n«k for District 1H to organic Vancouver Island.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   Non-concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption,
CARRIED.
■SPECIAL  RESOLUTION   NO.  SO submitted by  Ollphntit
Local Union. No. 2615:
Minn Iiiupcrtorji to Im elected by the milium und paid by
the Government.
REPORl Oi COMMITTEE:   We concur.
MOVED and necondwl th« adoption.
CARRIED
SPECIAL RKSOLt'TlON  no   f.l  submitted by Ollphont
Locsl Union, No. mi,:
Tluit In mnry mining camp u. eeruUt portion of land shall
bo rwervad for townsite purposes, where men mav pnt no build*
Inn for home* or business purposes.   *
KKHMtl Or cuMMilIfcfc:   UwmiUee concur.
Boon) Mombor Wheatley addressed tho Convention on thit reao-
lotion, and mw followed by Delegates Sartori, Potter, Smith, Hum*
mor, Rom, Sonar and Beard.
Th* w-eowiwwndatlow of -Nmmimwo fn the r-wwlotirm -rm -Wnr tmt
to a vote wa*
CAMMED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. S3 submitted by Chairman
ot Resolution CommiUte:
Whom* thit Dittrict it alt tho time htereaaing fn tito ami
Aad whereas the expenaee of the Dittrict are to high that
vr» cannot afford tn hemp on paying the additional expenses of
"Tgnalilng this Dittrlrt;
Thtttfor* ht II ftmhmd that tlw l#th Annual Convention
>f District li. U.M.W. of A-, art tht International Preafdaat to
appoint an Organist for thit Dittrict to attttt te that wetk.
RCT01T OF COMMITTEE!   Wt momr.
WowAwno* Iim MvNWNfffCP tWU MfiOylYfolfi
Ot^m^OPA^-m^m* -^WPfwwwuw awym^w^^m ^^w^^w^*^tnm^^w-r   •^p   mm^oomwtmkwmmmoammfpooptmtp mrPomp
retard to tht iwmppolntment of tatatnatfamal OtfUttar BegaJH, wfce
tor tnnt ponee mm oom mt mo ottm aa unmet wgnnser.  -Becre*
tary Browne replied that the District Executive Board had endeavoured to have Organizer Begalli re-appoint*?d by the International
President, buf so far these endeavours have not met with success.
Upon request by Delegate Eastham, Organizer Begalli aidressed the
Convention at some length, reviewing his efforts as Organizer in this
District, and briefly alluded to the cause of his suspension as International Organizer.   ^
International Board Member Livett detailed his endeavours during the past year to have Brother Begalli re-appointed, but acknowledged in tliis he had been unsuccessful.   After some further discussion the following communications were read to the deleg-fcision:
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 20—PAGE FOUR.
(Exhibt No. 19.) '
/  JncHariajQlis, Ind./ Sept. 15, 1917.
Steve Begalli, Stafford,Village, Lethbridge, Alta.
Dear Sir and Brother:
Presideht White received a strong complaint from Secretary A.
J. Carter in regard to the recent election. He reports that you did
everything possible in the way of campaigning for the opponents of
the present district administration. President White referred his
complaint to me, as organizers work under my direction, and I am
writing you to find out what position you took in this particular election.
Hoping to hear from you in regard to this .matter, I jam, with
all good wishfes, fraternally yours,
FRANK J. KAYES, Vice-President.
(Exhibit No. 20.)
Indiajiapolis, Ind., April 15, 1918.
Mr. Steve Begalli, Stafford Village, Alta.
Dear Sir and Brother:
I am in receipt of your letter of recent date, and have this day
wired you, stating that you could send in your bill for thc first half
of April, on account of delay in the notico I sent you reaching you.
As a matter of economy, and especially because our efforts have
been .sqiljevvh^t restricted on account of the war, we are compelled
to lay off some of our organizers. Ths is no reflection on. thc'.work'"
you have performed or the services you have rendered. If at some
future time we can again avail ourselves of your services, we shall
keep you in mind.
With all good wishes, I am, fraternally yours,
FRANK J. HAYES, President.
Following the reading of these communications, and coupled with
the statement by I.B.M. Livett that when he frrst took this matter
up with the' International President he had been advised that Brother
•Begalli had been laid off on account of a policy of economy which'-'-:
was adopted by the International, and upon subsequently taking the
matter up with the International Vice-President he had been informed,
that Organizer Begalli had been discharged for good and sufficient
reasons, a very prolonged debate continued.   In this discussion Delegates Potter, Susnar, Chapman, Eastham, Rees, Wheatley, Thachuk,
McNab, Crothers and others participated, practically all of .whom expressed astonishment at the revelations brought forth and most of .,
whom unreservedly condemnedy the action by the International Officers on account of reaching a decision when only having the alleged
facts from one side.
The recommendation of the committee on being put to a vote was
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 54 submitted by Chairman'
of Resolutions Committee:
Whereas there are thousands of miners unemployed in the
Dominion of Canada; '
Therefore be it resolved that this Convention of District 18,
U.M.W of A., ask the British Miners' Union to notify their
members that there is no wqrk for miners in Canada.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: '■* We concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
..CARRIED, , '.	
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 31, submitted by Wayne
Local No. 1562:
Whereas recognizing that Sam Gompers does not reore-
sent the wish of modern working class;
Be it resolved that this Convention goes on record fo:1
the dismissal of said fakir, Sam Gompers.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   Wo non-concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 39 submitted by Lovett
Local Union, No. 3249: ,
Whereas a very inadequate and almost intolerable state
: of affairs exists at the Collieries on the Alberta Coal Branch
re Doctor and Hospital arrangements;
Therefore be it resolved that the Convention asks the
Executive Officers to appeal to the Provincial Government at
Edmonton with a view to secure* a grant to help establish a
modern hospital at Coalspur.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 39 submitted by Coalspur
Local Union, 2949: \
Whereas there ave 800 men employed in and around the
mines in the Coalspur District, and
Whereas no hospital accommodation exists in tho Coalspur
District and all cases needing surgical treatment have to bo
sent to Edmonton a distance of 200 miles, and
Whereas we believe it to be an absolute necessity that an
hospital should bo built, equipped and maintained at Coalspur;
Therefore be it resolved that wo request that the Provincial
Government of the Province of Alberta to build, equip and
maintain such hospital.
REPORT OK COMMITTEE:   Committee concur In Resolutions!
Nos, ,'!9 nnd 35 nnd thnl this -Convention Instruct tho District Ofllcon
to confer with the Local Unions and take uji the question with the
Health OfilroM and Mine Owners with a view of Retting a hospital
equipped,
MOVED und seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 40, submitted by Rork
Springs lxicnl No. 4184 s
lU'iiolvcd that tho above Local be granted benefits from tho
DiHtrict Fund* as per Article 5, Paragraph 6 of tho District Constitution in order to enable them to have representation at the
Inter-Provincial Convention to be held in Calgary on March
13th, 1919.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Wo non-concur.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 30, submitted by Brule
Liunl No, tOfiI:
Resolved that District 18 jf«t in closer touch with the
miners of Nova Scotia and also liritiah Columbia and Van-
couvcr Island and tho dork hands and employe*** of the Great
Lake* for the Interest of tho organization!
Further, that a call go out from thit Convention to tho
aforementionwi minr employees with a view to holding a con-
fercnw with the end in view to frame t policy to govern aU
tho mine worker* in Canada.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:
Retolved that District 1ft got in doter touch with tho reimm
of Vtovn fteotle, nlno RrtHuh ColwmWn nnd th* 4e*h ho*4* emd
employees of the Great lakes, for tho inttwat* of tho ©rwan-
tiation.
And be it further resolved that thit Convention liutruet oor
Executive heads to got in touch with thttt orgaaitations with
the end in view to frame a policy to gorent ail tht mint workera
fn C-at-md*
MOVED aad seconded tht adoption.
International Organiser Eco* reminded tht Chair that ht had requested tht privilege tf diacataing tht Ntva 8cotla mint workera*
affair, aad it appeared that thit wa* an opportune tint to fatredece
that matter, lilt wm accorded him, aad ht opeatd dloraarioa hy
referring to tht reeerdt ef tht ted Annual Convention tf tht Amalg*
mated Mint Worker* tf Ntva Seetta, held to Sydney, Ntva Scotia,
N«v.*w*«* fith to »rd, lilt Tho tottomtnp It th* rampM* reeort
ta thit rowed Jen:
THE UNHID NINE WOlEEEl Of AMSHCA.
M^^^L^^t^   tA ^^*b^  ^^j^^tl^M   MM^*y_jL***|uHJ|  ^guuwk   i^mmo-oimmmoooA<tp^m   SMki
rTfnapO tl tWt RMKMI f^OTTWB Wmtw MMmMI JOT
thoight from ytar OMttm daring At year Um* tap tthtr. thtt
Mm waa the gtt*f «v«r tf tMt VoUm lato tht U.M.W. tf A.   Th*
jwwT %mwmwww WWIW wmlwwmmmmw »*■*» ■• tm m* y^^wmt wmw W**^t w
would ht hrtagM about hy putting tht U.M.W. of A. to th* Itatt
pkj pmoimA m tht pwt tt ••' tpm*
bers. To this end we sought the help of. men who by virtue' of their
Government positions could use their power and.influence to smooth
oat the difficulties existing between us and the several coal companies
of this Province. Perhaps the sioiy of our efforts can be best told
in the following correspondence: - ^
Glace Bay, C.B., Sept. 6th, 1918.
Mr. Gerald H. Brown, Secretary Labor Committee, Ottawa.
Dear Sir:
Yours of August 14th re the formation sqb-committee of the reconstruction and development committeee, was read at our last Ex-
' ccutive Board meeting.   I haye been instructed to .write and give
your committee such information; as we have that may be required
by you in dealing with questions in dispute between this Union and
. the coal companies of Nova Scotia,
There is but one question at present which has any appearance   "
• of causing trouble, the question- of this Union going over to the
United Mine Workers of America.
In order to avoid any trouble we endeavoured at the last wage
adjustment to have a clause inserted in the agreement to the effect
that Ih the event of this Union being taken over by the U.M.W. of
A., that the U.M.W. of A. would fall heir to wage and other contracts existing and live them put. Mr. D. H. McDougall, then General Manager of the Dominion Coal Company, said that as far as he
knew the Dorninion Coal Company had spent some millions of dollars
to'Repp the. Mine Workers out of Nova Scotia in 1910 and they had
not Changed their attitude-
lam enclosing herewith copies of the correspondence between
this Union and the President of the Dominion Coal Company showing wshat has been done up to date.
We are fully convinced that no Officer can hold oflice in this
Union who "will not consent at an early date to this Union going over
to the U.M.W. of A.
Under these circumstances our Executive Board believes your
Labor Committee could render very valuable services by taking a
'hand in this dispute1*before it reaches the point whether-*afi interruption of the present relationship existing between us and the Dominion
i Coal Company takes place.   I am, yours truly,
(Siifried) SS B. McLACHLAN.
The following are tho letters sent Mr. Gerald H. Brown, with
ours, dated September 6th, 1918:
.    . Glace Bay, C.B., July 29th, 1918.
Mr, Mark Workman, President Dominion Coal Company, Sydney, N.S.
.'"•   Dear Sir:   „
At the-last Executive Board meeting of this Union I was instructed to write you and ask what would be your company's attit-
tude on the following matters, which affect both the company and its
employees:
There is a very strong desire on the part of the men to join the
United Mine Workers of America, a'trade union of miners, with a
membership of about half a million men. So strong^ this desire '
that our men refused to pledge themselves to remain a Provincial
Union, when by doing so they could have inherited some fifteen or
twenty thousand dollars in money and property, from the late Provincial Workmen's Association. And, again, a vote taken on the
question of going over, into th§ UJI.W. of A. shovlred 98%'per cent,
of our men in favor of joiniRg=*his Union.
This is a very legitimate desire on the part of the men, which
they will carry through sooner or later, but this Bqard is of the
opinion that nothing should be done to cause any friction between
the men and the management until at least all concerned have had
an opportunity to give their viewpoint." <
Itightly or wrongly, we believe that there is a dangerous misconception held by your, management in regard to the United Mine
Workers of America, and we are sure if-you knew all the facts this
misconception would be remoyed. If there are any matters in this
connection which you desire to loam about at first hand I could ar-
-JL^JEJO^iLft-fr.**^^ —
ers of America to meet ynu at your convenience.
The men desire that in thc event of them going over to the
United Mine Workers of America that all wage or other econtracts
now existing between them and your company will be taken over and
lived out by that Union. We shall be very glad to have your opinion
on these matters at an early date.   I am, yours truly,
(Signed) J. B. McLACHLAN.
(Continued next week)
sum equal to the.average annual income of 90,000 Indians. Thei viceroy
draws about $100,000'a year.,, - The
three governors of 'Bengal, Madras
and 'Bombay, each, approximately
$48,000 a year; the lieutenant governors, each. |40,000, Leave allowances to Europeans total $1,800,000;
pensions paid to Europeans in England, about $21,000,000.
Another imposition on Indian revenue is the support of an alien church.
Tbe Bishop of Calcutta draws $18,000,
and the Bishops of Madras and Bombay, $10,000.   .
It is instructive, after reading these
figures, to cfpsider that the masses
of strugglng Indian clerks 'get less
ihan $30 a month, the great masses of
laborers get only one meal a day, and
tbe huts in which they live ore truly
lamentable.
*
LLEVUE
If Tou Want the BEST in Meats Phone or Call on • jj
; The Meat Man |
BENSON
Dealer in
Fresh and Cured Meats, Fish,  Poultry,  Butter,  Bggs,  Etc
Delivery Prompt Prices Same to AH
Phone 163 Corner of 7th Ave. and Victoria St.
Blairmore. Alberta
Miner's Wife Says-
To Tho District. Ledger:
Mr. Edltur—iielng the wife of n minor I am sure you will tind spato (or
this lottor.
Vuu shu, ituc.ui'H to mo thai U<«
miner*!* wive* tako far too 1!UI« nn-
tioo of the "doin*" in this burs and
wc Uavo far too much ou ibo nn-ntl-
der* ot (ho meu, poor doarr, and limy
don't st3«m e-iuul to tho occasion, or
1 iliuuW ..a> "Jiilmiy ou tbo n'v*
vbeiiovor the li-sbl !<■ on the spot.
.sow, u»« ol tb«  aotns" I would tlkf< |
in mention  in th«t  uti|*«  o.vuraiiicol
at thocl'y hull over n vt*"'* vyi    cur!
IHck—-that's  msv   man—<*«nn«  honif
and tell* m» all about it.   l'.»i,r r.ln.p,
in  th«* \tant  Vie bmrtl nothing b»l
• bri;i.;u K:i<k-»" and how ho -sin-unm!
hlw Iwck HfliiiR farm on thr<!rKf'( nt
tho treok, und h«'»  n»»oliit«ll5' fco m«>.
loss whon ho gets bomo tn ht* bod
ami boari land Wa trying I > «<H flro
iiossos* p»p. r* .tool k« >on c«n ut*
\thnt, Mill o  n dorf'n lite I lt*v*
I'm riuite n chunk of n tvoiM-U W*
nett, though Wn not for mo lo bmir
about tt; but for all thu I wouldn't
piny nc-rond riddlo to any p'eew nf
itiU-tlln  In V'etolm     tttek  aaya  I'm pll
tnlk
flut b*r« we or», Mr. E4ti<»r t>kl
oomf* home nil apon abont •»bat's 4^-
InK on In th" town and ho up* nul
naj-s: **Ow law*, r tbougW ttwre wnn*
n't any women tn tho town n« count
•P+P4PPPPPPP Ptpt-PP^p^p*
Wiliam Evans, a long time resident
of this place, has pulled up stakes and
gone to reside at Blairmore. He will
continue at his regular business of
livelrymau.   We wish him luck.
The meeting of Bellevue ratepayers,
called for the purpose of electing a
trustee*, owing to the resignation ot
Jack Brooks, also for providing temporary school accommodation, was
very sparsely attended, somo half
dozen being present. However, Air.
Eccleston and air. Christy received
the nomination for the position of
trustee, and after a very close contest
the chairman declared Mr. Christie
elected by a majority of oue voto. The
Board' were instructed to carry out
the Department recommendation of
providing a tempory class room at Maple Leaf.
The Oddfellows were busy on their   *
regular  Lodge  night,  initiating  now
members to their Fraternity.
The' miners mot in regular session
on Sunday last, with a fair crowd In,
attendance.   The interest chiefly cen-1<'
I terad around the delegates report of
our district convention, dpings ac its
last session.
The fact that a resolution re a local
having a tHrect representative, when ■
m-M?otiatinE a scale, not having a division taken on it, was not any too well
received.
Neither the  fact that no explanation was offered as to why Sub-District Xo. 2* viAz, not t>:<\.n- ,',•■■■
'-ffuiitoniary two representatives oil tb©
Scale Committee,   liut with our local
vision   of   thing,   the   climax   was
reached, when the delegato informed
us that our apeal on behalf of Bro.
Connors   had    been    turned   down.
Afraid, we were told, of establishing
a precedent.    But with  our limited
recollection of happenings in this District, it is rather late in tbe day to
commence talking "precedents."   Two
years ago a similar apeal was made to
the Convention from Michel on behalf
of a man who liad been injured a similar length of time as Bro. Connors.
This appeal was granted $200.00 by
the convention, and this in spite of (ho
fact! that vary little Interest,, was man-
«ifsat^j_iii_an_*8ifort—ms^o—to——4*3*—
the cost of treatment of such injuries.
However, "overy cloud has its silver lining", If you can only locate It,
nnd tbe convention's decision, I am
sorry to say, helped us very considerably in arriving at a decision wben
discussing thc Ttttiylnlan appeal.
It is Indeed regretable tbat our District? Exchequer is in sucb a deplotoi
condition that we aro unable In these
momentous times to send our full
quota down to Indianapolis, to bave a
litttle say so In'the formulating of
auch policies.as wtll nerve to protoct
our' Interests at this lime. But It la
more regretable that we lack tbo
"moral courage," to do tho only thing
possible, to change the condition of the
exchequer, However the* fact that
conventions ond elections will take
Placo a little less frequently in the future, should havo IU effect on the
subject.
** Lest we forget." J. R. Knight, of
Edmonton, will Address a meeting ln
tbe Workers' Hall on Sunday nevi,
March 8th at 2:30 p.m., It will be to
tho advantage of all workers In thoso"
parts to endeavor to be present, irre-
Bpociivo of thoir pollttcal leanings, aa
Wr. ICiiifht h an able r.vpotient,ofthe
Workers' Philosophy. From this day
onward, any ond ail persons wishing
to appeal to this Local Union for as*
aiwtauco of nny na'ture.' whatever must
do so in porson, or In writing, Thia
rule, for the limited tlmo the present
Inv'imbfnt in *n ottice, wtll b*a« rlgid-
U enforced as lhe Laws of Iho Mode*
a iv* the Perslana.
ytit-tt Pionntn-s, *Hioo| nwrm In th*
Primary Krado has beon under the
wretc but we are
r.n-l they've brought a lot of tho ym
tmck with them."
Ain't our D!ck a wind lias? Mr. EJI-
or.   *'i:«> on," nays !, "yon havo "
"Willi a bit." says Dici, 'and ni
toll you. Seine •."uman n.iUs r, »>
t'tKi to put everybody out of Utwn, ai:i
al! bTstiK-? tbmt* i;<>n*v\ii»~-—;~"
"What's that,"-Bfl,j'8 I, "everybody?"!
"Y«p,w naid ilici!. "rretystxv wilh'a   w*'al,MJ1r lhh lR*t    ^   ,
w-tmnan name '* pleased to niy that »ho i« maklr^ aat-
v„» "u, •«•,,» . ,    ,  ,   . !l"factory progrfss townrla rwevery.
u^ ta«i\ *u^k'h!',*.^9; Lt5;nt "A mre Link" under rudt «lrcw»>
u«    iiifh nlaiig, but mitty I had tol,.„P^ wmm h„ VPrv n*rf«l.
uut«t<|e.     Uhv.   M-in I, "l«.»lt ni •>»! )„,-,,, nf v„ i,,,,, m»»   X   rbiri>.»f«tftx.
ttm rami*. iH.uimr, ihtyvo all rot j h,„ mxirn^l hom« after "doing Mr
uii.i wn» nut v tlw: w,,» rtttir tlm bom. Qomin Wit-
LfrniHii t.ftr M.« *iv.lUltt   u  i;*,Vwt*iSl  hbortlj   fr..m  lhe
ttta*.
M  i ,V
i    l,*!t-
litilth   i'.i.ut>
fi|<I ><»« thar
ycumelf wltlif   l'i bn it «..»
nu>n, too. ■ !
"My, ui)," . honkii Dltit. but >o»t*<»
ought in tte Hairy -Martin fro .iftfr!
:h'.»n». II* told tbt-m whoro ibtv uut
iff at. Uo told ihtm about »v. r
Wright and «h«» little kldt and b•*»•*
l»ei«»r aaya tills and Peter .,% % that
and finally Ham my* with * cuptts!
W we will not *ta«d for rt,    ,       ,
Jutt then Ur*. Meffatt nt»-#i IHrry
an eteett'e »tin*^t' "%»fa** 1 aatt. Mr
Martm, who atw the 'WUf
front
Bob Dave Gush for thi? h?A lire
wiwmI In Fornio.
Tbat OfeofTrettiftf C»f»—tbo Bow*
ne* and Hogarth furling Kink* mw
down fr-nm c*rsnbnx»k laat Tm*»dBy
• venIng and too* tho FlolAhnwn Cup
rr^tn fta reinl* btmtntt'tM **ftt bhpto
tr*uwpli<M't !i*»«»»hmi» <thv«*4 a-evtiut
11* B Maeikmald Hink Making a moro
tiiadtimw Local,,* retorted Harry. I ^ >*-'ft: »■* "***• St#dlimaM mm
In ronttiitt th* to«m of VnmWr n*o*4',*'* >•"■•• ttom ton ftagartk rtnlt
ft«t Mtn. U&ttntu ~o*",9  .„
'»;
"A»4 4M Mra. Mof.a t aprirg ;ktt j
dop« on HarryV nny* I     Shu did
tftat," aaya Dlek.
And now what do yon ttifnk curl
Imit tfee* at tke iaw^aw gawo,   and | -Otei wanta m women to do?  Why bn\
tthe n fool ho etaiHta tliofw trtMttn*ia-Hwaltt want* «•»»»«»« Pre -Petr***it
tMte t name cmviir nt Um pHxenw. (tm Mayor,  AM, fey keek. Sir. Bitter,
r>a; v I. *. ' v ■->': i,"-i.**'i, lit .■».*.» a «.*Awt**
"\Vk#a ym'rt 4oo* Uagklag yum Jl*t»rf*a»w ngkt away.
migbt tell • body what It la all atoal."!
itaya he. after akoet keif m beer; j ■——■» ——
"Why It'a lite thU; tkete'a a kwwfc COtt Of OOVtdNMtNT i,   « vimw.wt.-*.* «* ixwwt met
up toon waata tk* mayor to itelt kla IN JWOIA U% APPALUMI Jj;,™ C^AfSzT^tn ^^1^^:
by a aeore of tt t. Aa tke cap rv*
to the twe !«nw maklnc tbo graa'.oit
number of point*, tke Vnnbrmhom
won out: the powta botng tn—m »a
faiw of tb* flatten Tlmt FtotaknMB
C»» ahontdi nom ke noto to ttaitt keen PVnUe and Oaekteek wltkowt
^b*   ^^a.mami^a*n
ae ttmoon.
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