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The District Ledger Feb 20, 1915

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Array <--V>
Industrial Unity Is Strength
No. 26, Vol. Vm.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
THE DISTRICT LEDGEB, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 20, 1915.
Convention
HELD   AT   LETHBRIDGE   ALBERTA
AAiA*?-,
'" ;* xH"
Momentous Questions
Thoroughly Discussed
MONDAY—First Day
LlinWBRIDOE, -Feb. 15— A session
of f!ie greatest importance in the annals of miners' conventions opened
this morning at 10 o'clock at the Laibor
Temple. -The twelfth convention ot
District Ko. 18 of the United Mine
Workera ot Amerlca.-njet to deliberate
amongst other matters- what action
should -be taken -with regard to the
agreement subscribed to by the miners in 19H1, which ended the eight
months' strlke-jand -which expires on
-March 31st. The session was under
the presidency ot W. L. Phillips, elect,
ed -last summer, and opened witb an
address of welcome to the delegates
by, E. W. Alford, representing the
Trades and Laibor Council, ot Leth-
-bridge, .who hoped that whatever results would 'be accomplishel the deliberations would conduce to tbe welfare of the miners in the great industry they "were engaged In.
President Phil-lips, in reply, expressed on (behalf of fhe Convention his
satisfaction at being welcomed, -by a
member -bf the working classes who
was in sympathy with the cause of
laibor. "We m-eet'no^ only to devise
means for 'benefitting our Immediate
lot, but for doing something which
would emancipate us.from conditions
under which Wre ara suffering."
Press Censors Appointed
Following tlie -procedure In vogue at
present with regard to war news. International (Board Member David Rees
rose and submitted a resolution to
the meeting that In yiew of, the importance of the .-present session, and
so that nothing should transpire
which would in any way be likely to
be misconstrued by the public and pre'
judice the deliberations of the miners
~tliHt--ii-~preS» uuminHlee be uppo-iTit-e-a
The Delegates
John Johnson, Coleman; J. Morris,
Nordegg; R. Gar butt, Corbin; Wm.
Archer, Blairmore; J. A. Price, Carbondale; B, Nugent, Taber; R. Oakes,
Bankhead; M. Warren, Canmore; J.
Dudley, Hillcrest;, J. iLoughran, Beaver Mines; M. Logan, Lethbridge; -T.
C. Harries, 'Passburg; H. Lloyd, Chinook Mines; P. -Allett, Frank; D. McNab, Coalhurst; J. Berwick, BeHevjie;
J. Burke, Bellevue; E. Ainsworth,
Fern-le; J. E. Smith, -Fernie; H. Mar-
tin, -Fernie; H. Beard, Michel; Max
Hutter, Georgetown.
Ottlcers—W. L. Phillips, president;
Wm. Graham, vice-president; A. J.
Carter,. secretary-treasurer; D. Rees,
International -Board -Member; Frank
Wheatley, Harry Martin, W. -Haysom
and J. Larsen, 'board m-erabersg-gllf
It was then moved -by Delegatfpiu-
butt, seconded by Delegate Warren,
that tbe Sca-le Committee be appointed from the floor of the Convention.
International Board Member D. Rees
suggested that a specific number be
appointed on tbls committee. Some
discussion was then participated in
-by Delegates Smith, Ganbutt, iBarwick
and Burke, during which attention
was drawn hy Secretary A. J. Carter
tbat apparently there was some con-
fusion in connection with the duties
of the Scale Committee to be appointed. ' The real purpose for which It
was required being to deal with such
Scale Work as would come before the
Convention and not that which -would
meet the operators to carry on negotiations for the renewal of tlie agreement. -The Chairman then pointed out
that constitutional amendments paused at this time, would not become effective unty after t*Ke present conven-
tlon.       DnlAgaffl  Bii'flr-a  atni-6>ri_»mi—!*-
to censor wil reports.of the meeting.
This was seconded by R. Garbutt, and
carried.
The '-committee bn credentials was
appointed as follows: J. Loughran
(convenor), 7. Burke and H. .Beard;
who retired for tho making up of the
vnrlous ottier oontoittees.
Mayor's Welcome
In welcoming the delegates, to the
city Mayor 'Hardie said that he believed that tbls was the third occasion on which he had the pleasure ot
nddrossing tha convention. At each
convention he had tendered .counsel
and advice, but waa not sure whether
they had been followed. Though not
a Socialist, he was soclalistically inclined, He did net advocate extreme
measures at any time, for to bo pro-
urosslve* -was not to be extreme. He
urged the delegates to temper their
deliberations with wisdom and consideration,
Referring to the war, the mayor observed that more money had heen
snent than would feed the poor for a
thousand years, and It had cost more
to date than would have sufficed to
koop tho wheels of industry going for
two yoars. Kverythlng considered,
however.1 the money waa well spent.
Some present, he knew, were not ot
our nationality, but he wns not afraid
to »pe«k, for we were fighting, the
cause of Individual freedom from militarism. Laying aside Individual prejudices wo should -boost our end of
tho wnr from this point of view,
The mayor, referring to the incidents uf inn. snid that ho wus a member of the operators' committee,
and that the miners, If they had accepted the 5 per cent, offer made
them would have shown themselves
moderate and would have had the pres-
tlec or being a winning party. The
operators as well as the miners had,
in view of the financial iMindttloft-i, a
bard road to travel and to hold, and
hi* asked the miners to he moderate
und considerate In their demands, for
money ta every thing In these daya ,
At tho eloss of hie address, the
mayor was asked by ex-Presldsnt
Smith whether he considered the 8
per cast offer an honest one. "Yes,"
said the mayor, whsreupon Mr. -Smith
remarked that It was offered without
the cheek-off.
Mayer Hae Warm Time
In replying to Mayor Hardie's address, President Phillip*, referred to
it ss oao win the viewpoint of the
class te whleh tbo Mayor belonged.
Tlw ■Mtron ke continued, belonged
ta * *!»*« wVefc waa la a anttwttj.
aad wMcb. tke weaker hoped, woald
continue to he In a minority Tkt
miners te-preesated tke majority, tke
brain and kvawn or tke nation, Tb*
mlnerttf, with the views thev h*M,
would soon become extinct and Weenie
manuMlltod -ashi-Wla ia oar anwstu**,
Whilo tba -eoarcnifoa wn. waiting f
the resolution submitted ' by one of
the locals, to the effect that each local
•be represented on tbe Scale -Committee, was approved by Convention,
It would po Into effect March lst, ano
each local would Jihen bave tbe right
of havlftg'fc re>rese"hiiitlve"5ir.tlie Committee. -The chairman ruled Delegate
nurke out of order, stating that the
question before the house waB that
the Scale Committee to be appointed,
was for tbe purpose of making their
report to the convention here. Dele-
Rate Go ibut t (the mover) stated that
he understood this was the committee
ro meet the operators, but he now
agreed. In view of Its purpose, that it
should be comprised of a specific number, and would (With the consent of the
seconder (granted) alter the original
motion to read:
"That the Scale Committee, con.
slsting of five members, be appointed from the floor of tho Convention."
Moved by-Delegate Burke, seconded
by Delegate Loughran, to table the motion for three days '.,.. .Carriea.
Provident Phillips then announced
that the Officers' Reports bad al) 'been
printed lu ordor to facilitate the work
of tho committees, and would be-plac.
ed In their hands. Copies were avail-
able for all delegates.
Owing to some of the delegates having Important resolutions wblch they
were desirous ot presenting, but which
had not heen submitted tn strict accordance with tbe Constitution, desired
to loarn If these could be admitted at
this time-, and In this connection a1
short discussion took place.
The Chairman stated that the aril-
cle In the Constitution governing this
was quite specific, he felt, however,
In view of the extreme importance at
thia time, of matters reHatlve to in*
seats, that certain latitude should be
allowed In ronnertlon with resolutions
slong this Hne, and would so rule;
otherwise, unless the resolutions were
with ref-emice to matters happening
during the interim of one month as
set out |n the Constitution, be would
be compelled to rule tbem out
Delegate Martin thaa expressed a
desire to address the convention with
regard to the unemployed question,
but after a abort discussion, the Chair,
man ruled tbat Delegate Martin woald
be permitted jo wait on the Committee
.perience was that representation
would cut a poor show when it came
down to the final arrangements.
Fornle Local, for instance, was represented on the 1911 committee, but
came out after the agreement far
worse than it was (before it.
Delegate Burke said that he wished
to remove from the minds of the delegates any apprehension that the resolution, contained a 'nigger in the
woodpile." -It was not contended that
Bellevue local should fight, for a purely local matter, say, for instance, IS
cents extra on cross-cuts, and Obstruct
the agreement It that was not granted.
Delegate Johnson said that it was
not a case of what the miners had lost
or gained through the last agreement,
but in supporting tbe resolution he
contended that It would conduce to
meeting the operators reasonably.
Delegate Nugent, ot Taber, voiced
the sentiment of the majority when
he declared that his local would fight
tor relief in local conditions, this relief being practlcaly equivalent to an
advance in wpges.
An amendment was made that
should tho resolution carry, each local
should 'bear the expenses of its representative. This was negatived and
pros and cons as to the original resolution proceeded, with the result on Its
being voted that it was carried on the
understanding that, though representatives of all the locals should be present with the operators, it did not ne-
ccssiiriiy mean that everyone Should
he on the comm'ttee. International
Board Member Rees declared himsp.lt
in favor of a conrimttee of ten, which
would meet with the wishes of the
operators.
Doctors and Fees
'The convention then took up the
matter of medical fees, and the following resolution was submitted -by Beaver Creek local: That the expenses of
all members who are sent to medical
specialists or medicai Institutions on
the advice of a properly qualified medical practitioner, -be paid from the district funds.
To this the following substitute motion was moved: Tbat it is the sense
jA-tAtn—oafx
arrived w"he'n an agreemeut should be
made between the doctors and District 18 thereby eliminating local
charges; further, that the district
board is hereby instructed to work to
on being put to a vote it was carried.
Delegate -Harries then moved the
adoption of the Report of the Resolution Committee. Seconded by Delegate Loughran >. Carried.
-The Chairman, however, painted out
that the Resolution Committee was
not as yet discharged.
The Grievance Committee not -being
ready to report, and in answer to a
query by the President, the chairman
of the Constitution Committee stated
that that committee could make a partial report only,
Report of the Constitution Committee
Resolution No. 2, by Lethbridge Locai
Your committee non-concur and recommend tbat It be amended -by deleting the last three lines and inserting
after the -word "society": "And to this
end we ask our members to ally themselves with the progressive forces on
the political' field in order to hasten
the day when the Co-operative Commonwealth may be established."
iMoved and seconded to adopt the
report of the committee!
A heated anil lengthy discussion was
entered into in connection with this
resolution, practically all the delegates taking part. Delegate Logan announced that this -was the first time
he was aware of such a resolution
being submitted by his local as be had
been present when his local (Leth-
irld-ie) had discussed these amendments to the Constitution and they
had decided to allow the Preamble in
the Constitution to remain as it was
at present. Board Member Larsen
verified this statement. The discussion embodied several features, one
of which was a proposed Investigation
of this matter along with other matters which were to be investigated by
the Executive Board in connection with
the affairs of this local. An amendment and also a substitute motion
were introduced durln-g the discussion
but, were -latej withdrawn.
The validity of -Its admission was
the principal topic owing to the manner by which it had -been presented
to the Convention and coupled with
this was the method by which it had
been deemed necessary by a certain
party- ttnurbnrtrit'"fanna-consfil era"
tion of the Convention
A point of order was raised and the
Chairman ruled that although it was
an Individual complaint, It had been
nevertheless ruled upon by President
that,end by, communicating ,wlth the 1 John P. White as not being In accord-
various "doctors and locals to the endf ance with th* International- Censtltu-
that the doctors ln the first Instance
form an association that would facilitate tho working of the matter contemplated. The motion first carried oy
one vote, but on a roll-call being demanded was defeated by 29 to 21.
A further amendment was Introduced, advocating that doctors' fees be cut
down 25 cents a month, and tbat the
deductions b'e kept in a separate fund
to bo devoted to cases where special
treatment was needed; where locals
have not sufficient the district to supply the necessary funds. This amendment met with short shift, and the
original motion was again taken up
and defeated by an overwhelming majority.
A resolution was tben proposed for
Riving Delegate Farmllo, secretary ot
the Alberta Federation of Labor a
voto and voice In the convention. -This
was. agreed to, and the meeting adjourned until the afternoon.
Afternoon Session
Delegate Harries presented the following resolution:
"Whereas the government ot the
Province of Alberta has founa n ne*
-.«Hsary to attempt to ailovlata css-hs
of d.ttrest in the mining camps o'
th*> province, and whereas thu ills-
-.rem at Passburg Is helsh'er-ml »$•
th» failure of the Leltch Collieries,
Lul.. of that place to pay the wane*
of the employees, tor December and
January, and whereas »h» appoint-
ment of the manager of the above-
mentioned -company as the only re-
prciHitatlve of Passburg on the
committee for the dlatribu'Jya of relief eannot ba considered to the public Intfitcet;
"BIS IT ItKSOLVBO that this Con
Ileal and typographical errors in the
Constitution would be corrected by
tho Revising Committee before same
was presented to the printer.
Article I, Section 2,   No change.
Article I, Section 3.   No change.
Artlclel., Section 4,   No change.
Article I., Section S.   No change.
Article I., Section 6.   No change.
Article II., Section 1.   Xo chaftge. ,;
Article III., Section 1. Amendment
•by Passburg Local, No. 2352:.
"Strike out on last line the word
'ono' and add the word 'two.'"
-Committee non-concur. -Moved and
seconded to adopt the report of Uio
committee.
Delegates Harries, Smith, Price, Nugent, Loughran, Barwick and Beard
discussed the matter, but owing to
some confusion -being caused iby reference while this motion was before' the
assembly, to tbe resolution dealing
with the section covering the election
of officers, it was ruled out of order.
Moi'ed and seconded that-discussion
should cease Carried.
Motion to adopt the report of the
committee was then Carried.
Motion to adopt the report of the
committee was then  Carried.
Article III., Section 1. Amendment
hy Hlllcrest Local, No: 1058:
"Owing to the' fact that so many
grave questions arise today, that
we consider- the present Board System Inadequate;
"Therefore, be it resolved, that
the words as outlined in Article III.
be abolished and that it read: 'Executive Board to be composed of
one Board Member from each Local,
said Local to elect its own delegate. District President to call
.board meetings at a central point
within the district; expenses of delegates to be paid -by each local.'"
Committee non-concur. Moved and
seconded to adopt the report df the
committee
After some discussion  the motion,
on beine; put to a vote, was ., Carried.
Article III., Section.3,   Amendment
by Passburg Local.
"Strike out on last line 'pending
_aieetiQtt*i—  .—
tion, In view of this ruling the resolution must be discussed -by the Convention. Delegate Nugent then pointed
out that President White's ruling hud
not been, in the proper sense, an official ruling that lt be discussed by
the Convention.
Vice-President Graham then took
the chair, and a short further discussion took place, Delegate Nugent
and President Phillips participating.
The motion whether the decision of
the chair shall be sustained was put to
a voto and , Lost.
President Phillips again took the
chair.
Delegate Smith moved  (seconded) j
that tho Convention remain In session
until tbls question of the Preamble be
disposed of.   „ Lost.
Tbe Convention thon adjourned at 5
p.m. to reconvene at 9 a.m. Wednesday, February 17th,  1815.
THIRD DAV—Wednesday
* Morning Session
President Phillips called the Convontlon to order at 0.15 a.m, and staled that a communication from Gladstone Local (Exhibit 17) -which was
In the nature of n grievance, and was
therefore handed to that committee
who would read It when bringing In
their report,
Report of Constitution Cemmittss
(Continued)
Delegate John-son, chairman of the
Constitution Committee, tben asked
tbe question with reference to the Preamble, th<* Chairman, however, ruled
that that matter had already been dli-
eot*d of, hut ti-ifl'i b*tntr lnt«-rr««!it*»-l
ber of the organization could be pro- ment was moved and seconded (later
cured to do this work, equally as sat- withdrawn) and the mover of the am-
isfactorily, he considered, to the mem- endment consented to its being con-
bershLp, and at a much reduced cost,  solidated in his amendment, and after
Delegate Nugent agreed with I. B. M. "■■*•-•' -" •— "•- J ■■-"
Rees, and further suggested that the
matter be referred back to the committee, but did not wish to make a
motion to this effect
The motion to adopt the report of
the committee was then put to a vote
and was  Lost.
As there had been evident misunderstanding as a result of the decision
of the Convention, a short discussion
took place wherein it was pointed out
by some ivvlio had voted against the
motion or not voted at all, that it was
not the intention to dispose of this
matter by entirely turning down the
recommendation of the committee. It
was moved by Board Member Wheat-
ley, seconded by Delegate Barwick,
that this matter -be referred back to
tlie Constitution Committee for further
consideration, and this on being put
to a vote was  ....Carried.
President 'Phillips resumed the
chair.
Delegate Burke then moved (seconded) to suspend the rules of order and
that the Convention adjourn for fifteen
minutes so that the committee cbulu
amend their report. ........Carried.
-Adjourned at 3.58 and was called to
order at 4.15. Fraternal Delegate E.
W.-AMord taking the chair in'the'absence of Vice-President iW. Graham on
request of the President.
Report of Committee
Article III., Section 5...The committee non-concur, and recommend to
amend by striking out all words up to
"District Ledger," on line 4, and Insert
the following: "That an accountant
and one mem-ber of District 18 be, appointed to audit the books of the District Secretary and the accounts of the
District Ledger annually. .Such appointment to he made by the District
Executive Board."
Moved nnd seconded to adopt the
report of the committee.
An amendment was then movea ami
seconded that the words "appointed by
   „„ M Becretnry Carter as by what rules
ventton  protest  ngalnst   such  ap-  nf order It had been disposed of. the
oolutiiieiii and that we sdvlMi our, Chairman explained that inasmuch a*
oa Offl-eare' Reports aad moke ble ao-
peal to than on tkla eobleet. Tbli
would also apply to any other delegate
»ho d*«lr«d to do so. The Chslrtnan
also anitowneed tkat IMn committees
were at liberty to call on the officer*
and Hoard Members, to appear before
theflt. should ths <rommlttM»s d**#m It
necessary.
Riantarly moved and seconded, that
the* Convtintlon adjourn until % a-m,
tomorrow (/Toaatoy) In order tbat tht
vnrlous rom mit lues could convene and
prepare thstr respective reports.
pUuliiieiii and that *« ailvlhu our
Dihtrlct Officers to make representations to the Oovernuis-st w'th a
view to bis removal."
Moved and seconded to edopt the
resolution.
liefore any discussion took place,
Dr. •Miller arrived aad It was
Moved snd saconded to suspend the
regular order of business in order that
lir. Miller could address tbe Convention  Carried.
Dr. Miller then addrvtaed tbe Convention (or half an hour on the sub-
.ts
fh* ml'ng of the chair at yesterday's
pn*w*«dlnss lo the offoct thst the piw-
sent Prwiirtbli* In the District Conntltn-
tion wns unconstitutional, had been
overruled by th<» Convention, the mat-
twr had thiwby been, definitely de-
elded.
When IVl-tHta** Johnson then com-
mcnpurt dwllmr with the further report of the Constitution Committee,
-fxr-sptlon -wn* taken by som* of Hip
<t*l**aUHi on account of It not heint
presented  in  numsrlrsl order, and
JwT'of fwchnicaF"Kdocstkm. "st Tke j after a short dl*Mtwto», It wat decided
eoet'lttaioa of which ho s»«w»i»d •#«-Hh»f tbla -wllim) thould b* »d«j»»«,d
oral questions put to him by different | snd aftar tb- Chairman had called
d-f-Nrat-f*, \t»tmn ib* fbatrmtn ot ib* Vtmmime s ,j0J,   iimi   „ut   ,hiV   ,jwjj  4Ul]lt   t!u
Co'mmittee non-concur. Moved nnd
seconded to adopt the report of the
committee. o , -
This caused considerable discussion,
the trend of which from some was *hat
the Vice-President should act as President when that office .became vacat-
ed, until the expiration of the President's'tbrm of office.
The motion to adopt the report of
the committee, on "being put to a vote,
was Carried.
Article III,, Section 3. Amendment
by Hlllcrest Local:
"Ir. order that we may Improve
our political status and make the
preamble ln the Constitution a reality.
"Be lt therefore resolved that after
the word 'organizer' In Section 3,
of ArMcle III., to read:
" 'Vice-President shall visit each
local not less than once In each six
months, give an address and seek to
organize- the workors politically n»
laid down in the Constitution,"
Commlttre non-concur, Movod and
seconded to adopt the report of the
committee, „
Considerable discussion ensued In
which a mimher of th-n dHcwttPs took
part.
It  was th«*n   moved  and  seconded
thnt disruftfttan *hnuld cense...Cnrrtatl,
The motion to adopt the report of
tho committee wn« put to a voto nnd
  Carried.
President Phillips drew uttentlon to
the fuel that Section i had not been
passed upon.
Moved -by Delegate Burke, seconded
Uy Delegate Dudley, that HccUon 2 remain as It is  Carried.
Article III., Section 4, -Moved and
seconded that this suction ri«maln as
It I* at present  Carried.
A short discussion took place In con-
luiilon with this section with reg-uru
to n resolution believed to have been
,<UMiid nl lilt* iti.*. tiuiiiitii C-ouiuuiluu,
whoroby work -buttons were to bn supplied annually instead of quarterly, as
per the present clause In the Constitution, However, the matter. It was
pointed out, would again come up for
■llwcnsulon prop-erly under Artlele '«.
Section % and lt was allowed to stand
<ner until thou. i
Article III, Section L.Thls wa« d.mit
with by the committee In connection
with the suggfltted amendments to thn
Constitution r<«comm<»nd«*d by the President In till ecinimunleatlon of Juno
1st. 131.V to the locals.
Committee jwomm^nd^d thar  two
-auditor* be appointed from antonx the
membership     These two auttitoro so
jaypolaUJ *'.t 7-Hialrvd tn bt -kx-ivuIt/.
e-l with the worklne-i of th«« onrsinlxa
ed, and insert, "elected by the Convention." ' An amendment to the amend-
a short discussion the amendment was-
reconstructed as follows:
.Moved and seconded to amend the motion -by striking out the -words "appointed by .the District Executive
Board," and insert, "elected -by the
Convention, said ipem-ber to report to
ilie annual Convention." —Carried.
The motion as amended was tben
put to a vote and was  Carried.
Article HI.. Section 6. Amendment
by Carbondale Local:
"Whereas there has been considerable dissatisfaction expressed amongst the membership of District 18
through monies that have been loan*
ed by the District Executive Board,
.."Thereforo.-be it resolved that the
Constitution be amended so that the
District Executive Board shall have-
no power whatever to loan monies
from the District. Funds without a
referendum vote of the membership
of District 18."
The committee non-concur. Moved
and seconded to adopt the report of
the committee.
Considerable discussion ensued relative to loans of the District funds in
wliich a large number of delegates
took part, and an amendment was
moved and seconded.
"That ibe District Executive Board
shall  have no power whatever to
loan any monies from the District
funds unless authorized by a majority of the membership throughout
the.'Locals in the District"
A further lengthy discussion  took
place as it was not clearly defined by
tbo amendment whether lt meant a
majority of the membership of the
locals or a majority of the locals.
An-amendment to the amendment
was moved by Delegate Burke (seconded) to strike out the words after "majority" and insert "of. locals." This
was then put to a Vote and was car
ried    Carried. '
nie nmendment as amended was
then put to a vote and Carried.
All   arijniirnm-ont   nmn   talf-an   nt   K 0*t
p.m., to re-convene at 9 a.m. Thursday, February 18th, 1915.
n
Alf. Budden
To The Rescue"
To the Editor, District Lodger.—
Dear Sir,—<Muy I hav« a little moro
of your valuablo upaco? If Mr. Budden was interested, I was Indeed surprised at him butting In. However,
let me point out that he attributes
words to me that do not belong to me,
First ho eonfounds the statement of
II. M. Bartholomew about a Socialist
bolng a scientist to my comments of
the meaning of the word "value,"
This Is not fair to Bartholomew. -I re-
lort the ld«R of "claiming." I made no
remark about'Capitalism,'but about
tho construction put on llie word
"value."
Mr. Budden Is not a acleutlut. ns
shown by bis reasoning, lie may be
one of the ordlimry Socialists, but not
a scientific Socialist. It Is a comedy
--an Irish quarrel!
I am nc.'UHf.'d of trying what I did
not say by n third party. For what
purpose? That the third itarty may
set Into the row!
What   I   said   was   that.   tU«
suit     of
did    not
ru*
lu uliort, "value" is decided by Uie
estimation of the whole human family
placed on anything at any particular
tlm© during the ever-increasing struggle of human existence. Time nnd
place and necessity determine.
Yours truly,
J. M. RlTCUIK.
Lethbridge, AIU., Fob, 13th, l!*J5.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANAOA
Don't overlook tho date, Feb. 24th,
bui come prepared for a most eujoy-
ikblo time at tbo Hard Times Dance.
Excellent music wtll be furnished and
every effort put forth to make the oc-
ciiBion .noteworthy;
On Sunday evening the 20lh a bust-
pens meeting wiil be held for the purpose of voting on an nmendment to
the Socialist platform, therefore, a full
attendance of member it* dftslred.
First Aid elameg will be «tasted in
Conl Creek curly In March wheu lectures will be given.     II. Caufield wilt
look  after  the  practical  demonstra-
tion feature* and Is taking the names
i ol Hume desirou* of iiMMisting in till*
Socialistic     Investigation! laudable work,
glvo    a    clear    Idea    of!    *,*«■»•»•»»• ites* Min-wiy  been  lorm-mi
th« wor.t "value" I did not denv a,H' b'<'ture» will be delivered from
he  nom    value.     I  did  not deny | ||W||( ,„ tUw Jiv ,h„ rmMt,nt t)hyft1,
but what the itociaiists worn content, daiVf ,lr w«,idon, or Michel. Th« mat-
with the already accepted definition,! ter Is under wny and it Is expected
Imt there faulty reasoning k*-pt other-* |'hut* In the near future we shall um
trim followina lu .he **mt» «oors«.    j j;0,1"^^ ^7^**™'°™ ^
Never mind:   let us proceed, It  is; _„._,,
more thon likely that lliu hie will l'"- T-IT FERNIE POULTHV UtttOIRt
come the "soat" und the other two; «..*—.*»
will pile it mi him and friend Budden !    We have ibi* week received the Itin-
will net clear. IHtddc-n hn« no
lien for "ancient scribbb-r*" Mr
lluddeu feiiiwts. ' i^l«»r i* ii<-»t
everything and eannot be a nici
•arc of valiit." t'&mrjiiie IUr*,hci'.'-)-»i« '»
'■Mt-dd bt« ibe !ii-t to deny th* f-irnvr
entry «f the lecturer* -»ngaiH by the
Provifict.ii iv-wnm-wif of'Aaricottare
to tour Mi., different intuitu throughout
Um i.ii niiumiiia, but tml to lind any
date fixed for n vlttt to Pernio, At
4 ii'- 'in Ji im H-ilunUv. *7fh Inst II
K. t'pton will glv» a poultry "dmion
«twti»n in t'rsftbffwih and in * nrbwu
A vote of thank* wss then tendtral
Dr. Miller sfter whleb be retirwl.
TIm» ronwiilos then returned to th*
regulsr order of business and Itesola-
U-im Vo*. l.\ was* Uwroii«!!ly »»p-l!ila«-d
by delegate Harries.    After a abort
on fMfte*r«' H<-ports snd »h* (Irtevsnw
Commltt** and lenrnet thst tb»y w#w»'
»«» WMidf to r*rW I
It was moved by Delegate Wc*. mc- j „d ,hst the unditoni be supointwl from
oniietl bv  Delf-rate Morn-*!, that thisi %\u. (i©^ «,( tb* Coaventtoa
Convention row aiijoarnatitll I oVlorh I   j|OIIM| MA m^naett io "adopt the
b^h ™5d a^ent7*wo%^ bnl wo,,M wrtJ,tn!y ***'** "T m*m* l,H'im'* *!" h* ^
•<M *hi!1 |ire-»ef.f t!»dr report to the!«M«<*,,P!ton to the latter"    Well, let im'lAffeil 1>»   t e ar<itt*>t»j*ntloti*ri en\*ett
W*fr1<f KKWitJire Hoard, and *uifi!e«f'ieon«l'Ter »!ie t/itfi>r, "LiiN-ir -'ini'-it ,„ '"''   Vl'»u,\  _»'•'* "> •* "  H.,i-kM:* ,»i»
rt tneimir-' of value"      Xow. ft fi two
to one,    The two say* li l* tabor th»f,
COOKING
K)*#*-*M»r4«     aaaii*     ilAi-v'-'-i'-i-i
,;»•.■ ,'.',*-<• -i-i'-kii^iliiii i^M*Uu*. J.w*' iw-s ,a.4»», ,.(*» fnvuftvewi at a ».i»„ lu«toUy,
•lob **« sdlreMied by Alf Budden on ] fe/brontu l<tb.
—■■*».^^^m-,*.m^.j9..^.*Mm^^.iM.     ^m   s*kl.    mt- -"--i*     HiaM 1       me-wm •mmmm f        m-wnawf    .
An adjournment wss tsk#n at ll.UI-^'Vwf      ' v*e*\**t
Weeettlew tto, tf—Pranh Ueet
; *,t*i**tt tuff tn ** vet* an*
r**»Xtttt
, t-tiiMit* *n ■tn*' c-iuMxmiicw..
*,-, Y-i-
1 V,"if«-'-
rl-
I   Convention sd^irned at OM *.m. lebjilr In ord*r that thf t»f»«!d*tt» miild»,j,-|,Pr u.rm m,it,„\ t.,  ,-HMlHr  ••*,<,
"nemlaleeeaitee of tbe tana life;
The followlag ware mn eotealttses
I
TUt>OAY  Sssane Oay
yfTtMUtlDOl, Kab. 11—Tha die-
CoaMBlttee oi offkssrs' ro»mto~*lon,\*t)mateo nl tb* Miasrs' «oav««*t-i»n tbls
SMMiMsa »**a«e * toaa* a raeolatlea
R^vjMltbai weMdeavor to »a-|<o rsconvwif- at l pm. ;addr*»f tbe Convention on behalf ot
iis## nb# Alb*f*a OaeetatBeot to »«i •. Attftnmm •ee^** ' th* f-raii-ww-*! trnm-iwre, *lilfb li--"1- 4H
aa aa*»ada^it to tba Ceal maeal   Tbe CSntrmsn (Milled tbe Convention I eoa«l«stv«lr, rWegat*-* Archer. l»Hc*,
AH to theettert tbst ail nea e««ho erdar st 5-tft pm.. »nd snnonncedjRsrwlck. imitb.  lUrrle. tnd oth*r»
nlOV'-d tfl tb* mi-O** In Alb*W* nsas't-lmf tli* *it*ti.ntrr**.th** tttlAtrmn in in-lt*' lift   p-n-vn-wil    t-hplr   Tfn*»«    n-i    tht.
m*nt llsrtbolouH»w dnes m»t m <**>
tnt as Uaddcii. do** wm Jump at -eon-
elusions so quickly
' *np   in   th«-   Meihn-tt«f  f'tm-fcti   flutur
Nay   r*b 2«Hb, at 3 o'clock
II* will llke'.v
R. oaiwsii« ceeMa, jl. uejtaa, Mia*
lnsmla.
K. Alaeweetb, Verb
Conatltatloii nmnalttea-l. Johnson,
vOHMMHRs ' fi« llidnh   'IfHnMH*     #>   R
Smltb, rstale; ft. Oalee, -AmMmiii
D. SleHab. Onalbarst ,
dWsdtiMnAHklUSMa Jf\immtama*mt 11 tmp    ... ..   It     IKA^^BX^^k
mm ■....* ■fcjk1|^l,i|(      lOnmaamn-t-ttmJkbi *i >i        IV      -#0       tttt^.^
wtomtnttmn onwnmiwe—r, ti. wnr*
ttm. 9bmtbbrt', tt, Warrea. OaaMaea:
I. DaOsr mttrmt; 3, Itmrrtn, Vm
M^e.m*t -M   A    VMfch*   !%Mriiuittyhb*fe       ■**».-
w*W*   ft* -H**^* IPiWf %mt^RRnmW
■Otbtmm,   -t.
sebmlUfd te tbe aHotlag by tbo Belle*
vue Local, ta which It was askad that
a member of every local should ha re-
prrsented on the eemmttiee to be appointed to meet the operators far no-
tetlattag the aaw sgrsamsnt Arga-
ataatfl fer aad agsOaat were briskly
nAtnnreA,
IMegata f^ewthrsa aaM that condl-
ttfim wen eietrmnly rarfcil, ao two
wtnea iMring sllk*. and the prnmrnm et
ffNM fWpfwWW^lWi*iPl," w^WHPf bm9ww^nwn
•OefetJira ttwtth eeastderod' it waa
w raa a *9m** ^ "if wm waa * ww mtma^m^mtwwa'wam wmm ttw ^*wmm
.^^^O    jMi^   -Hj-^^iui-Jk    ^   9999^^mtt^^e   -^Jt   i^^^^^^^^^^^^^mmbm^
wtn. W9 mBBmm tm' ■PBiwrr Wt wpfWVwiB1"
nm, sa mm aaunav in» psansr ae ets-
fofffa tbo arisen" tmttuitn.    Hia av-
* onrnfi photorrnph of the dele*mt*s. {
Aftar a short dttewstrioa, wherein It
was aUd-sat tbst tJi* ronsraius of opinion ws» tbst moner n><|ulr*d for this
could be usad to much hatter advantage. It wat s»o»*d and saeeaded that
itm dslentM to tbe ConTentlon de aot
***** nn* pbtnownmb Inbtm, net em *
^^m. ^^t^^nmm^m-tammamO kAJk  b^dhjOj-^Hj^  t*|rubSi..^u(ii juu^^um,^
■II w*m Wn I Wl IOf> Wfwfv WIWH VHi|P|Vj*
ed to ite. «eeL Thet a stlaer arast
be at least twenty yesr* ef age, aai
have bad at laest three veers' experience In the nines of this country
op eosM otber coat-try. That he ha
abto te speak the HaglUb ttsgtaeo.
That awMthljr etesrinetlass be haM
st sows eentrsl potmr |taa aat to a vote wss .........Carried. 1 from the l)l»tr»ct. dttriag wbkb tine
mm eoanamtea enmrwr.  Uotwt aai)   ****** af GnoMnoMm -Commtttm    th* mrtmm tm tb* saaaal aadlUng
qo*ttton-. |, B M. Ri*s, In support
of n motion to tills end. pointed ont
ibat b* had alto fare-red this iu*«
lion In bis report, which would b*
dealt witb Mibsviuently. However,
ss tb* matter was hofora ib* Coav*a-
tton be wished to sut* tbat *ine* pr*.
psrJrif bl« r*i»wt b* bad b**n wtwenr
Ubor Is the m*<a«ttr- sun*! d*fu»**
x »l«*."—dl»dd*B,     '-
' l^bor i» not tb* in*.»*(»«• and th*r«»
for* cannot defln* ■vslu*."-~KU*b)**
Its PUNItHMCNT l»t ICHOOtt
iu trnm t»MtUti, ******mx **m*m*i.
tlmt Wr.-—i*art»ats wbo sr* not u*
.fslly bllnd*d %*.Vx tb* bullet tbst tbslr
' chtldrra ar* immune from wrong doing
\nm# nor** tbst H h**om*» n<»c*»i*ary
| to punish children occasional?)     Ilow-
"I-aJ>or a» labor has no more value j *i*r, I f**l th* m*lboJ of punishing
accuuikt! alt-t-r a, i!iort tlU-wOAilau m*
l<Ze*Xi****tl
1.    .Xo cbaaaw.
WW**.®*."*0** ,*y ?*»* *«•    A«ie*e t* te«
motttm mt bom sNSMtii, tbst ths    t*tsr*»Uoml Beard ttmnbtt Heee
mttm he ncetytm nmt «.mmntbt omm**t ihst this e*ftlwi sbosiM
tu Omrsatloo.  ...... CsnlaA be tomttet bv dslattng   ths   war!
A towathT discsHsn the* eaeaoi la "msf- tn the foonth Hae and twbeiltet-
wMeft emmttt alt et tl* ********* bsnk xrt ttewfw the *art *«■»»." th* Chslr-
mn. with tbo fwesM that the asatlaa mnn mtmt. ******* tbst sll stnmniti.
',*,: iUw* Um>w» *£ iu*- [tu-tiU;t iW*vr«-ut>
sad VHmrln 'Ledmr had twwa roceti'-sd.
aad this bsl oat a eaawnwbat aaw «om-
l^#xla« -ea tto* siattar, isissawra n*
tb* assowat It hsd cast tba IHstrkt for
this yesr wsa almost twe, snd in view
*f iW* b* had a fwrlher sa«tv»ti<«i tn
tmb* that nn s-tw-aaatsat snd a
than weight !• -»*lsht" -Msn.
liut If tbelr UJ*i,ir Ut* np*jidc<l in
•n«-h ««*ftt! srtM»"» »* br*ad. or botrtn,
or hooks, th*n tb*ir lnhor it tb* •**»!*
basis and m*««ttr* of th* vsls* of mch
<ra«wia*dM**)e»." ■■ ilssaicjl l&vmombtt*.
Kurt Mars ***tft f Ms trat s toe** and
laeoasidat* d-^lialtlaa. I asm* with
Marx.
infest* nbo-itM not consist of tab Ina
kUlkH  '.b»*,l   blrrt'hes Ut *if«ief to ms'ht*
tbe slap bmmt* aff*ctlv* and »nn*c*s-
th* d»».
Tb* two t*a*h*rs who doktd oot tbt*
tmtiawmt om W>d»*»i»> last had,
[M-rtutp* better not r*pr*t thi* m*ihml
«f i>»mfsbm*nt.
Toari lr»H,
1 punmr MS-BerfteSBW
^~~^^"-----*SS35K«
wtoiwiw	
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERN1* B. C, FEERUAEY 20, 1915.
DISTRICT
TO
OFFICIALS REPORT
CONVENTION
Presidents Report
To the Otiicers and Delegates amending   the Twelfth   Annual   Convention
Oistriet iS, United Mine Workers of America.
Greeting—
! beg to submit to you my first report as President of our District.
I took over the responsibilities of my present office during the month of
July, 19H. There were several disputes then pending and also the enquiry
into the cause of the Hillcrest Explosion, whioh I have no doubt will be fully
dealt with in Vice-President Graham's report, who was then acting President.
1 might say that I carried out my duties to the best of my ability under such
peculiarly adverse conditions.
The settlement of the various disputes tliat have arisen from time to time
have not given any .satisfaction to our membership, and it is now giving rise
to much questioning as to whether the method of settling our disputes is tne
most raiionnl one. The Lemieux Act compels us to settle our disputes in ac-
corJance with its provisions, and It is apparent to all -who think seriously in
tliis direction that the way om of the difficulty is either to end or amend the
said Act. Hut in the lncautimu we are all aware of the fact that tlu- wheels
of the legislature turn very slowly, it therefore rests with the dele-sates to
susge>t a scheme that may be submitted for the joint consideration of both
parries, and embody piu-h in our noxt agreement. -The adverse decisions that
have been rendered from time to time by the independent chairman have lWo-
cUiced .i baneful effect upon the organization. The repeated failure to mete
out justice teirls to hiee.l and foster a spirit of antagonism that !s destructive
of ,i sane ani sensible attempt to adjust the most trivial of disputes. If the
Wes'.orn Coal Operators' Association are desirous ot dealing with the .United
.Mine Workers in preference to an unorganized horde of men, then surely the
present method of settling disputes must militate against such a relationship.
I .would recommend that in view of the fact, the Independent Chairmen of the
past have been chosen exclusively from the legal fraternity, having hut little
knowledge of Mie nature of our industry, which tends to handicap their good
judgment, tiiat an Independent Chairman be mutually agreed upon, one having
passed the major portion of his life in and around the mines, and who is fully
conversant with all matters pertaining to our industry. The said Chairman
shall have no connection either directly or indirectly with any mining corporation in the district affected, or affiliation with any labor organization. He
shall also act as such during the life of tlie agreement.
Minimum Wage Clause
The Minimum Wage Clause in the text of our present agreement needs clarifying. The recent dispute referred to me by the Bankhead Local Union haa
developed into a dispute of a technical nature as to the interpretation of the
said clause. As you are doubtless aware certain rates were fixed upon a seam
of coal designated as Xo. 0000 seam. The men employed in this seam failed
to make wages. Tliey applied for what is commonly Known amongst mining
men as "make-up," which was refused. The company claiming that the iplace
is not a-bnornial and consequently does not come within the purview of the
niiinimum wage clause. It is imperative that some common base should be
reached whereon disputes of the character alluded to may be definitely determined; without so much legal fencing arising In their discussion. What
standard shall be fixed in order to ascertain what constitutes a fair day's
work for a fair day's pay? How shall it be interpreted? What is the interpretation of "abnormality"? These questions must be considered at ,thls
time. However, with a view to minimizing as far as humanly possible all
disputes thereby decreasing expense, both to the operators and. our organization, I .would most earnestly suggest that as a guide for the settlement of
disputes of a character similar to the one which has arisen at .Bankhead, that
we consider the advisability of an introduction in our agreement of a clause
like ihe one hereunder given:
"At all new mines 13.09 cents extra shall -be paid untill the mines or
business. As time goes on we learn of better methods to attain efficiency,
hence a better system of 'book-lceeping has been introduced, which I 'believe
will ibe beneficial in handling of the office routine. At the commencement ot
the new fiscal year, Mr. Xewnham, our ManagingtEditor, expressed a desire to
resume his former position as operator of the linotype machine, which necessitated the engaging of an editor to fill his place. The choice of an editor to
fill the vacancy fell upon Mr. J. W. Bennett, whose qualifications to fill the
post are well known to you all. He is also called upon to act in the dual
capacity of book-keeper and editor. It is understood, however, that it will -be
the duty of this Convention to disapprove or endorse the action of your resident Officers in this matter. Owing to the additional expense incu-Tred in
sending the Ledger outside of the Dominion, I would -recommend that the
Ledger subscription be increased Jo $1.50 to -points outside of the Dominion.
Legislation and  Education   '
The various questions coming up from time to time, having special reference to the coal industry Sihould -be carefully studied by our membership.
More especially ought we to be conversant with the legislation enacted in the
two parliaments of .British Coluralbia and Alberta. I -would, therefore, most
strongly advocate that each Local Secretary should procure from tbe proper
authorities, copies of all acts dealing with mines and discuss them in the
Locals ut every siilM-blc opportunity. Theso acts cost bnt little to obtain,
mu! are of vital interest to us as mine-workers.
1 would also urge upon all mineworkers to take advantage of the educational
facilities that are -being offered by the Provinco of British Columbia and
Alberta, more especially the advantages to be gained by those who desire a
better working knowledge of English.
Negotiating of New Agreement
It is needless reminding the delegates assembled in this convention o'f the
seriousness ap-nertalulng to the question of negotiating of new agreements, lt
calls tor the performance of our best thought and cool judgment at all times.
We cannot be unmindful of tbe conditions now prevailing, the existing industrial depression is one of great con-corn to the most thoughtful of our membership. Our organization has shared the period of prosperity that passed over
tliis'western country. The coal industry, with all otE'er industries, is now
compelled to suffer from the effects of a chaotic and erratic exploitation. ' We
have arrived at a point where our productive forces are disproportionate to
the market demand. Hence we are passing through an economic phase of our
history which will subject our organization to an acid test. Nevertheless, our
organization must not forego the privileges that have been hardly won, or the
customs and conditions which have been obtained through the bitter struggles
of the past, Our function as an.organization, is to press forward, secure still
better conditions under which -we labor and enjoy a greater share of the wealth
we produce.
We are face to face with the greatest struggle in our history as a labor organization, and I sincerely hope that the delegates assembled at this Convention will grapple with the many serious problems confronting them in a manner conducive to the best interests of those whom they represent.
Fraternally yours,
W. L.
PHILLIPS, President.
Vice-Presidents Report
parties. , From my experience in other parts of the Distriot I have no hesitation in stating tbat if the District Officials and the Company in question had
not been tie last tribunal.for the settlement of disputes, these matters Would
not have -been settled, -but would have dragged on until tbe -case had -gone to
some independent chairman wtho would have rendered a decision in line with
what we have been experiencing for tbe past three years'. For my part I think
the Convention might give this matter serious consideration.
New Work Agreement, Beaver Mines
On the request of Beaver Creek Local and Beaver Mines Coal Co. that the
District President and Commissioner -McNeill try to make a contract for cer-
great length on the present reversion to.barbarism, and -will content,myself
with voicing my own personal feelings, viz.; that war is unnecessary, brutal
and reactionary, engendering passion and hatreds that it will take years to
eradicate.
Reverting to our own industry and the more looal calamities, the past year
has taken a heavy toll- of our -membershi-p. T-he Hillcrest Disaster, wliich
occurred during the interim c-f President. Smith's resignation and W. L.
Phillip's election, found mo acting as president, and for that reason I feel com-
■pelled to make certain^explanations, which will toe found under the heading
of "Hillcrest Disaster." ^ j
As no doubt our President will report, additional territory has been added
to our District—viz., Nordegg Mines ia the Brazeau Country, with whom
an agreement has been signed. With regards -to the Yellowhead
and Pocahontas camps it was not thought adviaabl-4 to start organizing there
owing to the present depression. ' This, with the question of unemployment
will, no doubt, be thoroughly dealt with by the -President in his report.. I may
mention, however, that the inclusion of the Brazeau field has meant considerable expense and work for tlie officials.
My work during the past twelve months has been very varied in character,
and I have made it my duty to visit and address as many Local Unions as
possible, and with the exception of Frank and Blairmore, can claim to have
visited every one once, while some of the Locals have been called on twicfe
or three times.
Immediately after the Convention last year I visited Passburg Local- (at
the request of Sec. T. Harries) and explained the -position of the District -with
regard to relieving the distress prevalent in that camp owing to the mines
having closed down.
About the same time I took up the disputes pending between Bellevue Locai
and the Western Canada Coal Co., Ltd. In -addition to this dispute, I havo
also taken up disputes with Hillcrest Coal Co., Mapje Leaf Coal Co., Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Co., and Nordegg Coal Co., with varying" results.
Our present method of settling,disputes does not find much favor with the
membership, and -when we consider the delay, the Ignorance of the Independent
tain new work started- at these mines (slopes), said agreement to receive the
usual ratification, I deemed it advisable to journey to Beaver-and assist the
men in drawing up said agreement. After attending a meeting of this Local
and explaining matters to them, a committee -was formed and a meeting with
the management arranged. The following agreement was the result of our
negotiations:'(
MEMORANDUM  OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE CANADIAN COAL &
COKE CO. AND OEJttfelX MINERS
To sink a slope at the Western Colitis Beaver Creek, Alberta.
Size of Slope.—14 ft. wide by 8 ft. high.
Price for Coal.—$1.00 per foot In thickness per lineal yard.
, Price for Rock Brushing (top)—$2.40 per .foot in thickness per lineal yard.
Price for Rock Brushing (bottom)—$3.60 (per-foot in thickness per lineal yard
"""Yardage.—?6 per lineal yard in addition to price paid for coal and bniBhing.
Timber—$3 per set of three pieces, five braces, lagged all around, if required.
Track.—Temporary track to be laid by the .miners	
Other Conditions.—Should faults be encountered during the'sinking, the
miners will be paid company work until conditions again become normal.
Man-holes.—6 feet high, 4 ft. wide and 3 ft. deep, $3 each; $1 per set for timber required in man-holes.
Signed on behalf of the Canadian Coal and Coke Co.
To the Delegates assembled in Twelfth Annual Convention, District 18, United
-Miue .Workers of America
Greeting:— '"""..
I submit herewith my second annual report to your Convention and trust
that the delegates and membership will appreciate the efforts of my colleagues
and self iu our endeavor to secure better conditions and amicably settle the
many matters of dispute that must confront the officers and membership under
Mr, J. McEwen of Diindas,
Oot., writes:—"For fifteen
years I suffered with Files
and-could get no permanent
cure until 1 tried Zam-Buk.
Perseverance with this herbal
balm resulted In a complete
cure, and I have not been
troubled with the painful all-
meijt since."   .
Mr. Henry Fougere of Poula-
mond, N.S., -.says:--" I suffered
terribly with Piles and could find
nothing to give me relief until 1 tried
Zam-Buk, This cured me. I consider Zam-Buk the finest ointment
,on the market."
The abovejsre specimens of the
many letters wi are constantly receiving from men and women who have
ended their suffering by using Zam-
Buk.   Why not do likewise?   *■
Zam-Buk is best for eaema,
blood poisoning,-ulcers, sores; cuts,
bruises, and all skin in juries, and
diseases. 50c. bos, all druggists
and stores, or post,free Irom Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto. Send this advertisement with name of paper.and
xnt stamp for free trial bos.
:am-buk
v/ri7E FOR FftEESAM'PU]
Signed on behalf of the Union
any "substantial part thereof lake^weight7 aiter~which "all extnTshall
cease on notification by the management." (See Agreement and Contract Districct No. 25, page 58.)
The Hillcrest Strike
This strike was occasioned by reasou of the District Inspector of Mines, who
was acting within his authority, forbidding the use of powder, which he considered to be a dangerous practice in a certain Bection of the HillcreBt Mine.
As you are doubtless aware, the present agreement was entered into with the
tacit understanding that powder was to be used in the -winning of coal consistent with safety. To deprive the-miner of one ot the most proudctlve $t modern instruments of labor, without compensating him for the loss sustained,
was one of the primary reasons which led up to what is commqnly known as
the "Htllerest Strike," The minors affected by this change claimed .that the
ra.es In the agreement were abrogated, and duly notified the Company that
tliey were to be considered as working on the day wage scale until $ueh time
as new rates could be fixed, iii accordance with the "Xeiw Work" clans*? of the
agreement. However, the company persistently Ignored their claim, and
insisted that the miners affected, should continue to work under the existing
contract rutos, powder or no powder. Every., effort was made by the Local
officers to avoid a strike, but it seemed Inevitable. Your District Officers
took the mattor up an« tried to establish the principle of a "differential" between "pick mining" and "powder mining." They folt with such a principle
Involved It justified every attempt to forco the company to acknowledge the
same, but tin. uir niter a strike of well nigh a month, the company stiu remaining obdurate and would not concede to the demands made by ourselves.
After a lengthy deliberation by your Executive Board, they reluctantly, but
utiu-u'fliously. fume to the conclusion In view of Uie fact thut luim* voittpeii-
nation claim* iveru ponding ngalusi tlio company us a result of tlm disaster,
emphasized by the Industrial depression existing throughout the District, with
the serious contingency nllejso.l to bc confronting'tho company I hut liquidation was imminent, and our humane desire to prevent the dependent* from
Hiiit'i-i-hii! Igkb of compensation, we doomed it expedient to advise the niomber-
?hi|i of IlilliTost I-ufcul lU'bullot on the 'question of reiurulug to work.
Hlllcrest Relief Fund
W<- Htlll lold In our treasury several thousand dollars which were collected
tiiroiigli the medium of tin- District Ledger and by clrc.ilarixiiig the various
Mn aU appeals wen- made for fund* for the purpose of extending old to the'
unfortunate dependents of the Hlllcrest Disaster. A general relief fund wa*t
.i»wt» fdrmc'l iuul If wm mir tnti'it-Moii nf iin-rilltii* alt mrtife-*' re-relved hv ;i'ii! I
through cur orgtiulxation .to swell the tlenernl Fund. The Commission up-j
pointed to a.lmliifwtfi* tlu> mild fund did not hav* a representa'.lve of our IX*-1
Mit amongst tin* number, ltepealed attempt* were made ♦« mt rcproseiYU'd,
fur* wi- f«lt that our knowledge of the district, and the nemln of tbo mint'; and
hi* family would bf ind!*st*Hnn»t>le to th* iuul Hrfmlnlstmllu* of such « fund.
Ho'wver, ne found -that one of Uie first acts of this Commission wis tt con-
Iini' :be benefits of tlie relief fund to thom- who wero resident* 1» the Pruvliu-a
•it Alberii. This action on the (tart of tin* Commission practically rompeltod
u», in tin- liiifreois of thone living beyond the confines of tbe Pmvln-rw of
A!*ter*;i. to r«.tin tin- tn-iui-y ri-l'ei.iM| by onr-ohi-* until Midi time thnt thl
Communion *an fli tu remove thl* Injustice meted out to those sufferers who
wttv >i:.;iii.iii,iI.-I> liiiiitt mil-iiii- of Albert*. A dl^burceiiteut li.ik been made
lo Hies* «4»*i«!iuli«it!». detail* hi which amount. I bate no doubt, will l»# pre-
M»nted Sn .Secretary Caru-r'** supplementary report. It I* new common know-
lease It :*t MM X omiMiKaiun >» taking h m«re eqtiitaote vm* ol the matter and
bi*» icnMin-1 the v;e<')Kr:i|i|iii-.ii itntiittttoii* winch eere tm rejtellent to our »ente
nt j tp,-!re I A'ould. therefore, recommend to tbe Convention the ndvUnMtltj*
nf ! ii.dhu* t'll* iiiniiK over to the t'ltnerat llelief Fund, provided that the said
« *iiiuui",)-|..ii uti<leit,,M' i« l'iirnl»li •!•« wllli »s;iu«niei»U from time Ui lime as to
!!,.   .'lM'0-..il of l lie Ilil: 1 ill  IhHr t- iff
Ornneitien el tH* Northern Field* I
T«i» txv-irriHt'reil mw» I* t-n-tntle*! m nur Inter***"*!* from iwo'-stunrittotmr. t
Ktr*ti>- it* infliieme tijioti Ute smrtdnrd of living: srrondly, »t fwrnlshe* an t*%-\
rm* for the operator:*, who are dealing with ormnli»d labor, to rail attention j
to I -" uniMir . i»hi(m. ii.ioi uiej intin-i tiiiitei.U «i«iii*t, and nu» m turn *iiord*«j
tbem what thev regard nn a im-tlflirble explanation for a curtnllment of rate*
■m-M 'ft «'■♦> tirHmtWe-"! worker* Thl* 1'rtoarntlei' -miv *eri«-m»tlir em-mider the!
rxleiHfoR of our ontaiiltnMnn m sin to embrace the tthoie of th# eo»l produeingf
*r»i* of Alberta 1 would r.-commend to ihl» Convention thst ■ wh*-m# b»|
rormnli'i d to effei t the organising of tin* nami- a* speedily »* iiosslble. j
The Imnertntien of Ceei
This question l* also »f vital Importance to our memb#r*hlp.    t*r*»MHn»|
Federal ftovornmnnt that the "Mad* ini
iThe contract received the sanction of President Smith, but Commlssionet
McNeil absolutely refused to sign the contract on behalf of the coal operators.
Nordefl-j Mines, Brazeau
The Nordegg Mines. Brazeau. having been organized by Saeratflry -nitrtw
our present social and industrial system.
it Is, however, practically impossible to begin a review of my work without
commenting upon the several calamities that have been inflicted upon this
district and the whole civilized world during the past year. We view with
an Intense horror the appalling slaughter at present rampant in Europe; the
very thought ot what is taking iplace today over practically the wihdle nt
the Continent sickens one if they will stop and try"to realtoe the awfulncss of
modern war. And yet, strange and inconsistent as lt may seem on this American Continent we have people (both sides of the line) gloating over the
prospects of securing large orders for shrapnel and war munitions. These
orders, we are Informed are to secure for us our modicum ot prosperity—a
prosperity whose elualveness out-rlvaln the rainbow. Oue Is,tempted to ask
what will be our .share atter the war, when having killed all that is necessary
to subject the othere nation, we shall find the ranks of unemployed augmented
with the jobless soldiery?
In spite of the peacefulness of this continent, every day the membership and
officers are receiving some additional evidence of the disastrousnesa of the
conflict. First ln the distress prevalent in every camp; then in watching the
departure of many old friends who have been called to rejoin the ranks or,
as Is frequently the caso, through a patriotic fervor begot of an'empty stomach
they have volunteered for service rather than starve, while net Infrequently
lt is the arrest, of some forelgii-s-peakiiiR brother who, justly or unjustly, has
incurred the wrath of the military authorities and Is Incarcerated' In one of the
detention camp.-, until such time ns peace shall bo declared. All this, unfortunately, is not without Itg effect upon those non«nrltlsh members of our
union who nro unfortunate enough to be considered as "alien enemies" by the
government, Personally I think we should use every endeavor to try and
make matters as comfortable us possible of aii who, llirough no fault of their
own, come within this cstegory. Tho present conflict csn find but little sympathy among the educated workers, although 1 nm forced to admit that "Nationalism" would seem to find more favor than "internationalism" among
the workers of Kurope. It it, however, not my Intentlou to comment at any
chairman tfiom a ptnetical viewpoint), and the very unsatisfactory decisions
huin'e.1 down, one can not help but sympathize with Uie membership, For
inr«e U'svons I am Inclined to regard our agreement with the Nordegg Coal
t!o. as being an Improvement upon the Iflll Agreement. In the latter camp I
tjok up some four or tlve disputes between the Local and the Coal Co, and
succeeded In making a settlement in every -tnne that was agreeable to *»oth
A. Macnell ( 8. Banwell
MACNEIL A BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,  Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE 4 FIBHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
MbAi> OFFtCC TORONTO
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Rworve fund .,..$7,000,000
FILtO HOWLAND, El*, President   ILIA* ROOIRt, I«q. Vfct-Frss.
BRANCH!* IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chats. Cranb   rook, Fewlt, Oeldon, lnv«rm«r«,
Natal, Nitien, Rnvstitoki, Van     couvir, Victoria.
tnvmtib DEPARTMENT
iMt'e-tt in.atno on dtpa-sits »t n-rmnt *nt. from data af tftpta*!
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWBN Mantfti
«w>
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HA* INSTALLtD
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
hear on the
to roisl. it r
ao rtitrb rone-em.
Ui ,M*!H>«
ue* of the tart mat the unemployed (
■hit would tend to all-rrlnte tlw ptm-t
nhoiil I  bt' bnmslit to
t'anada" *3uspn iu,*s>'J'
jne*t'.fi« i* clflna: u«
tslMtiS   *"-tir-t-**i jit *"*
Tht District Ledgar
The polity of tie Itiatn-rt l^-dser relative to th* «*»•» engrasalMg qneirtkwi,
.nf the in, vl*., "tttt Bwopean War;" tt antfHftftftarfstlf.    It wtutm » matrarj
tor m* -ToavenHon tm ilS*»w»»»*e «r **-Atmo that alt«»4e ttr po-M-Ty.     '« toa'
De*e imt^l n*(****i*r* nlm, to »»trodtt-f» rtiaiit** In thn re turn I workina of thet
LOOGBYOUR
Willi, Tttto Deeds, fttortgtges, Innuince Pottdet
or otbtr vilutblce In one ol tbeue boxee
  aw
 . fOftnWMSftlMF-Q-RMAflO-N AttVtttt
P. ft. Fowlor, Manager        Fornle Branch
and Inter. Board Member Rees, the Local next decided to negotiate an agreement. The District officials were duly notified of the Local's Intention and a
meeting with the Coal Company officials arranged to take place at Nordegg.
International Board Member Rees, Secretary-Treasurer Carter* and myself re>
presented the District, the Local appointed a scale committee from amiwig Its'
members, -while Messrs. -Nordegg, Grler. and Shanks represented tho coal
company. After several meetings with the company and men we failed to
effect an agreement, and negotiations were broken ofl aad the men quit work.
After -several weeks of Idleness, the men again sent to the District Office and
asked that some of tbe officers be sent right away. " As this occurred during
the month of June, when acting as president (through the resignation of J. E.
Smith) and at the time of the Hillcrest Disaster, I was unable to get away, il
was agreed that International Board Member Rees should go and see what
could be done. Bro. Rees -succeeded, after considerable difficulty, in securing
an agreement, which was published In the Ledger, and which, no doubt, Bro.
Roes will mention in hia report.
Corbin
Upon receipt of a request from the secretary of the above Local that one ot
tbe officers visit that camp and help them make an agreement for new work
that was being operated there, President Phillips instructed me to proceed
to that camp. Arriving at Corbin, I saw Secretary G. Elms, who Informed me
that the company had deemed it advisable to start rooms of a dimension different to that proviiieif'for In thc Agreement, and consequently not covered
by the contract price. I found out, however/that there were men working
In these places on contract at a price offered by the eoal company, which
price was undoubtedly "the very loweat that the men'would have received had
the matter gone to arbitration. I attended the Local meeting the following
day and found that the previous meeting had agreed to accept the price offered by the coal company-, 'but had asked the committee to am ir they cculd
get a better price on timbers exceeding IS Inches at the butt, which I understand was granted. When a4dre#slng tbe Local meeting I expressed strong
disapproval of the manner In which the contract had been made, pointing out
tbat the men by accepting the company's offer and working on a contract before a proper agreement had 'been secured, had liven the coal company prima
facie evidence tbat »cni« of the men could make good money at the nrlce they
had accepted. We had thia fact brought home very forcibly w,hen the Pit
Commlttte met -the management, the latter Informing tbem that aome of the
men were making Ifl.oo « shift under tho present price, therefore they could
not consider any increase on theae figures,
1 pointed out fn th" men that owing to their jetton of mr/'e-jiV.tia .wntyact
prices in this manner It was p'aclng Uie District Officials In a very awkward
position and that It was more than likely that they would have to sign a eon-
tract for the prices accepted by them,    lt was their lark of Judgmert and
common sense that had kot them Into thia difficulty and there would bn very
little hope. If they tried to carry the matter further, of getting • hftter price,
1 understand that the contract haa heen accepted.    While It ia hard to
asslm any reason for the men's action, from what 1 could gather at Ik* meeting would appear thai aome of tbe men working contract bad earned a little
more than $3,30 pr day, and being afraid tbat tha company would pay them
| at tlio rate of "company work" from tbe start, tbey had been influenced lu thtlr
| d#rl*len and accepted Ibe contract price offered by the company.    Tbem It
; not the allghtest doubt that such method* of accepting contract work are
* directly opposed to th* tense of our agreement and detrimental to tb* best
| Interests of the m-tntliersblp, therefore I would stigggaat that this Convention
I make such otlenaes explntlonablt.    Notleee printed to tbat effect in virions
i ln»tu*re<i sin! potted In rontpirwMf places might »e» tt a deterr**»t.
The Hiltartat Dtaaitar
With ibe detsilt of ihe nbov* dlsa*ier mont of -mir iwemberahli* are already
j acquainted, therefore I do not care to harrow their feeling* with a denertp-tlon
j ol »»me.    Tbe accident oecntred at a period when I waa arUng aa PraMdeat.j
■• ««<<  -h^v'w*** »•»».,».»   tn  1*9   *..****,*   I,* H   »♦,«   t f.t.f.i.i'H.1   tr.m  1 „,.*„■,   *1   .    ,,,.;..   1   .     ).'..'
*• - . '      *   9      '    |
■ slble advlee, !♦ wn* t'ee-med Mvleahl* tn ****** th* tX<n**i *mx**y* **W*n**'
< available to demonrtrate the fnWt*r«» -rate, and If pottiWe, apportion the Ms me j
{Aa the membership will readily reeognlM tbla waa neceesary from a legal
i standpoint in the event of any act ton at common law being brought by tbm tbt
pendent a. t ■
•■    *, „.,,,, ,,*„. ,*.....,.» ,,..,..—,. ,*. . ,*, i* ,.,...,,. ,...*,.,       *     ■ i
,      ... --.,::*.   ,-:'-   **'.*.,l:...-'--'.:'.''*:.*'''-:**'--*.**''-*.■•tti-ti.,***'.****'*..'**'*-**
j toward tbla end we agitated Mrongly aad mmmi •*»♦.    It la •afortwnate,
however, that each a lamentable lack of wisdom wm dleplayed to -selecting
Judge Carpenter aa Commissioner,    While (bt Judge may bt an able tottni.
aa a cownMaeMmer opon n Mm dtaaaer enquiry be waa without tto aHgktett i
scientific or practlral knowledge. Tbera ia bo question tot what a mor* eul-M
able Commissioner «ra!4 bav* bm* nntwrtt, at leaat wa* who** k*ow)*«g* if]
mining would bete been tmk that tto amalleai and most laatfelficant detail;
-of ear fndnatnr need not have Van *«i«l«tned to Mn   -As w»t to lie ea^erled'.
in appoint Hue * fnrfat and not a* etpert.., Iwdge Ca Tiprtjt.tr wa* mom rtmrertied ',
bt Jndglag tto evidence of tto expert* than in Casing tto cant* of -tto «f9t* f
*&«a ani fining tto gwilt,     lndw:**!}; tto Ccmmitttm.r* report «m ba •
mmitt* ty Nrgnl Mmiaarfei at. • g*as ef totkttl wraagl.'ag. tat mtnr at nm I
We Are Read/ to Scratch
off you* bill any item of lumbor out
found Just aa wo represented, rher*
la no hocus pocua In
This Lumber Business
When you vhnt spruce »e oo i>v»t
-tend you hemlock. When you bur
first-claas lumbar we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Thuto wbo buy once from
im always com* again. Those »bo
iave not yet made our acqtialctao**
ire taking chances thoy wouldn't «n-
•'ounter If they bought their ♦utrfrer
tor*.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In *-
{.umber, Lath. Ihlnglti. tmb noo
Oeorn. SPICIALTItS—Mou«dln|».
Turnings, ■raekata, and Detail Work
OFFICE ANO YARO-MePtoraen av*.
Oppftttlt 0. N. Oeprt. P.O. Ion 22.
Phone to.
KING'S HOTEL
Bar mimiUeii with tto beat Win**
l^wn* «nd Ogate
Dwiwt noon ro vtmwrttm
w 1IU1
fm
i
benefit* te tto ml*ia« tade-i-try *re rontntmtt, lb* pmttinrnt toto
iCui-tU-tuMtti -»» Vnm* 'tShtaax
rtttttt
Fjruli-fiff SlMh
BrJiinj Cu,. IW,
B«or
and
Porttr
ttm sum tytMi • r
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, FEBRUARY 20,1915.
PAGE THREE'
Vice-Presidents Report
(Continued on Page Two)
it as a useless (piece of extravagance, while some -have -heen-unkind enough to.
regard it as a joke. The coal -company received a good coat of whitewash and
the very .practical and scientific deductions of our expert, Mr. Norman Fraser,
were either controverted by the Commissioner's legal .sophistry or judged ot
little or no consequence. Our expert -proved, beyond' a shadow of douibt, that
the ventilation was wrong, ibut in spite of this the Commissioner could not
find the coal, company guilty of negligence. The "Colliery Engineer'* recently
published an editorial comment upon the Commissioner's report, and -while the
editor's comments may be a little oaustic, they nevertheless express the opinion of the majority of mining men in-this- country.
The question of the Hlllcrest Relief 'Fund and compensating of dependents
will, no dipubt, be dealt with .by the Secretary-Treasurer In his report.        j
, The Drumheller Field
Having" to vis-it Nordegg to take up dispute there, it was thought advisable
by the Executive Board that I try -to organize the Drumheller .field on toy way
back. Arriving there on August 21st, I found all jmines working full time, and
immediately made myself acquainted with tbe men by visiting all the mines
and asking the men-to attend a meeting on Sunday, 23rd, for the purpose of
organizing a Local Union.    Aibout 100 men turned up to the' meeting.
There would be about 400 men -working at the several mines in August,
with the. possibility of double that number being employed during the winter.
After addressing tbe meeting the men decided to organize and a president and
secretary, with a committee of two from each mine, was appointed to assist me
in getting the men to sign the checkoff. It was arranged to hold a meeting
on the following Thursday to receive reports of progress. I regret to say,
however, although we got about one hundred men to sign the check-off, only
about twenty men turned up for the meeting Thursday Inght. As President
Phillips was. in Calgary, I thought it advisable to postpone the meeting until
Sunday afternoon, when he might be -present and assist me. I advertised the
meeting accordingly and made every effort possible to secure a gathering, dui
the result frs net very satisfactory, only -some fifty men turning up, Realizing that i^ere.was not enough interest to guarantee us organizing and negotiating an agreement for the different mines, we advised those interested and the
v officers ftp-pointed to try and get a larger percentage ofthe men to join. (Thia
they ©rqplsed to do. We also told them that as soon aa they thought they
•wer$ tfftut$$nwish to negotiate an agreement we ahould be only too pleased
W. R. Trotter (Vancouver) read a report on'his organization -work. He
had endeavored to secure the. affiliation of the Maintenance of Way Employees
Asspciation, which had been a©oom>pk6ihed. This was.an important year for
the Congress. • On liehalf of this organization'Mr. Trotter introduced a resolution calling upon -the executive to endeavor' to secure for the Railway Commission authority tb regulate the length of sections and the number of men who
should -be employed to keep the road bed in condition. The matter was referred to the committee on resolutions. .
Secretary Draper submitted his report on finance to September 15th, 1914.
The following is a brief recapitulation of financial condition of the Congress:
■B. C. contributed $183.63 for per capita tax. Alberta, $162.80. Saskatchewan, $120.85.- .Manitoba, 561.7a Ontario, $1,572.86. Quebec, $314.55. New
Brunswick, $95.32. Nova Scotia, $55.63. International unions headquarters,
$lu,349.35.
The balance on hand Sept. 15,1913, was $9,396.05. Receipts from per capita
tax, charters and supplies, $13,616.80.
-The A. P. of L. grant for legislative, purposes was $500, while the interest on
bank deposits for year was $200.29, making a total of receipts from all sources,
$27,713.14. "*r      ,'   -.
The to/al expenditure was $12,762.12, leaving a balance in the bank on Sept.
15th, 1914, of $10,951.04.
I would like to point out at this stage that our own international union is
paying the second highest per capita tax to the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, the amount paid for last year by International for District 18 -being
$1,064.17. You will also note that the ALberta Federation of Labor paid $162.80
per capita last year. The greatest portion of this was also paid by the miners
of District 18, thus the mineworkers will readily recognize the extent of their
contribution to the finances of the Congress.
President Watters submitted to the Trades and Labor Congress his Parliamentary Report, of which I believe the most important, so far as the mine-
workers are concerned, ls the Lemieux Act. The following resolution was
submitted for the consideration of the Convention .by the Telegraphers' Union,
Manitoba:
"Whereas, the Lemieux Act governing workers In public utilities is a capi.
talists' weapon to prevent class action on the part of the workers (demonstrated in the proposed general strike of Canadian workers in an effort to relieve their fellow workers in Vancouver Island imprisoned for their activities
in the miners' strike).,
"And, whereas, the capitalists use this law to their advantage by refusing to
appoint an arbitrator, and place this privilege upon the government instead.
H*i?}nf, received no word from the Secretary or President as to how theyl whlch ^variably appoints a member of the capitalist class, making a majority
m.m ..-CU*/..!..- -in. .i-i. -.-.»...— m*r~m*a t. «,„„ A^~.~it „j,.ii-ivi« ,„h-»  of the board favorable to the masters.
we.fa-W^S**1-?* w(th their organizing efforts, It was deemed advisable when
«o^,of,.!he. officials were in Calgary attending the Alberta Federation ot
Labor Cowwgtloa, to send International Board Member Rees into Drumheller
to £|,nd Qj-it^yjtat had beep done with regard, to organizing. Bro. Rees, no
douibt, wilj(,d«al vlth, his efforts to organize thia camp "in his own report. How-
ever, President Phillips sent me into the oamp to assist the International Board
Member In his efforts to organize. .-Bro. Rees met/me and we decided again to
try,aiu\:b«?ld; amass meeting on the following -Sunday, and with this object In
jriew again started to canvass the mines. , We tried by every possible means
to organise the camp and had three meetings of tbe men with that end ln
view, but failed to get a sufficient numlber interested to guarantee the District
trying to secure an agreement. After reviewing the situation from every
anglp we .told the men that unless they took a greater Interest in trying to
organize themselves, it was useless for -us to try and negotiate an agreement.
They appointed a new President and Secretary, and were promised assistance
from a number of men. Recently, however, the secretary appointed lias written the District to the effect that owing to the lack of interest shown and the
poor attendance at meetings, they have decided for the present, at least, to let
the matter drop.
-While no blame can be attached to the officials, who did everything possible
to organize the men, it is regrettable that this camp was not organized, for
rarely, in my opinion, have conditions been so favorable for securing advantageous agreements tban at Drumheller, which point was repeatedly impressed
upon the men. It would almost seem that some of the men working in this
camp bave come to regard a job as the -most honored and sacred possession
possible; their ambition would seem to consist in working for enough to eat;
scared almost to speak to an organizer, their terrors becoming intensified at
the mere mention of tbe word "organization."
DOMINION TRADE3 <& LABOR CONVENTION
^^ lattend-adthe above convention at Rt. .Irthn. X H   «thI my rppnrt Ib nnppnripd
•below:
(The Congress was opened by J. G. Montague, President of the Trades and
"Resolved, that we members of Manitoba District C. P. R. System- Division
No. 1, Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, instruct our delegate to
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada to work for the repeal of the Lemieux Act."
This resolution was left over to hear iPresident Watters' report, which was
as follows:
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act ,
Because of the shortness of the session the time required to grant franchise,
vote money and otherwise give aid to the privileged classes to further exploit
labor, and to the illness ot the Minister of Laibor, the House had no time to
devote -to a -consideration of the plea of the exploited for amendments to the
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act Draft amendments to the act wer6
submitted to tbe government at the interview which took place in January.
These amendments provide tor men. who have (been discharged or are on
strike, still ibeing employees, within the meaning of the act, making tbe decision of the Minister of Labor final in appointing a board, giving authority to
the minister to appoint a board, notwithstanding the absence of ■compliance
with any of the provisions of the act, removing the penalty attached to giving
and receiving benefits by and from a trade union, and preventing any court or
judge from ln any way interfering in the administration of the act. . At sub-
sequent interviews with the Minister of Labor these amendments were pressed
for. Being advised -that the Minister of Labor proposed to amend the act
In some vital particulars, close watch was kept to see that nothing of an injurious nature waB Introduced. '' The minister repeatedly gave assurance that
your representative, together with the representatives of the Railway Brotherhood, would be consulted before anything was done. With regard to several
suggested* amendments, such as the extension of the act to Include all classes
of labor and tbe prevention of workmen under penalty of refusing to work witb
a non-union man, your representative regteterecLa vigorous protests    Thp int.
presented, both on this matter and on the other matters that came before the
convention.       __   .
In my remarks to the convention I contended that if all the energy ot the
working class was put forward in an effort to unionize and educate themselves
to realize their position in society, they would then be in a position in every
country to make conditions such that emigration would not be desired, and
further that they .would not be in the position of appealing to the gqvernmeni
for restrictions to control immigration. I pointed out to the convention that
while the men I was representing were miners, we were responsible for the
first compensation act and eight hour act introduced in the Dominion. Further
that the mine 'workers were instrumental in electing the first laibor representative to the legislative assemblies of the Dominion, who include such men as
Hawthornwaite, Parker Williams and C. M. O'Brien. I expressed tlie opinion
that if the delegates assembled, representing as they did thousands of labor
men in tho Dojninion, would become as progressive as the mineworkers there
would be no need to ask the representatives in the houses of parliament for
legislation to .benefit the condition of the working class as they would have
their own members in the legislative halls ready to safeguard the interests of
their class. There would be an end to begging and appealing—we should
have our own men who would be thoroughly conversant with our needs.
Respectfully submitted,
WM. GRAHAM.
Alberta Federation of Labor Convention
I also attended the above Convention at Calgary, where considerable business was transacted, no small portion of which had a direct bearing upon our
industry. Certain resolutions and amendments to legislation affecting this
worker were suggested,* and it was decided that a deputation wait upon
Premier Sifton and endeavor to get his approval and support for same. As it
fell to my lot to be one of the deputation, 1 was naturally more Interested in
the matter affecting the mine worker, and must admit that the suggested
amendment to tne Compensation Act, payment of all rescue workers and the
compensating of same, appealed to me particularly. The Premier stated ne
was in favor of an act along the lines proposed and that the Attorney-General
was already working on a new act which would be based upon the Ontario and
Washington Compensation Law. He further assured us that when complete
the Act would be submitted to the various labor organizations before being
passed by the Government.
The question of unemployment was also seriously discussed and the Premier
expressed his sympathies in this connection, but explained that owing to tht
depression for which the war was mainly responsible, a large portion of the
Government's revenue from natural resources had been out off, with the result
tbey had not been in the position to do what they would like in relieving distress. The Government would assist the municipalities financially by all the
means at their command, and would endeavor to arrange all public buildings
and improvements to ibe proceeded with as Boon as possible. You are, no
doubt, acquainted with tbe result of the recent meeting in Calgary of civic authorities and the Al-berta Federation of Laibor, the result of which has ibeen
that certain sums have been apportioned to Edmonton, Calgary, Lethbridge
and Medicine Hat, which money will be distributed in the above mentioned
towns during the next three months, while from recent reports it would appear
that Pincher, Taber, Coleman and other towns in Alberta have succeeded
in attracting the Government's attention and securing relief.
While I feel this report to be lacking in many details, must excuse myself
for same iby tbe statement that I have endeavored to avoid dealing with matters that might ibe covered -by the other officers, I realize that our deliberations are likely to have a far-reaching effect owing to the expiration of our
present agreement, but I have sufficient confidence in the good common sense
of our membership to know that every condition will be considered in formulating our demands.
Although we bave had a change in our executive head during the past year
l.feel that lt is part of my duty to complement the Board upon the unanimity
that has existed at all our gatherings and the good feeling that exists bet-ween
the officers, which so far as I am personally concerned, lias been most cordial.
Yours fraternally,
.  ■ W. GRAHAM, Vice-President.
?f
OF
Suffered Terribly for 15 Years Until Ri
Tried "taiMes"
O. A. WHITt, tun.
ai Wju,iac* Avi., Toaoirro,
Dec. sand. 1913.
"Having been a great sufferer from
Asthma for a period of fifteen yeara
(sometimes having to sit up at night
for weeks it a time) I began the use
of "Pruit-a-tives". These wonderful
tablets relieved me of Indigestion, and
through the continued use of same, I
am no longer distressed with tbat
terrible disease, Asthma, thanks to
"Fruit-a-iives" which are worth their
weight in gold to anyone suffering .»
I did. I would heartily recommend
them to all sufferers from Asthma,
which I believe is caused or aggravated
by Indigestion". j>, x. WHITR
For Asthma, for Hay Fever, for any
troublecausedbyexcessivenervonsaeae
dne to Impure Blood, faulty Digestion
or Constipation, take  •Fmit-t-tires"
50c. a bo*, 6 for la.50, trial size, ase.
At all dealers or from Fruit-s-tivcs
limited. Ottawa.
CAPITALIST PEACE AND WAR
ENGAGED IN A SPIRITED
CONTROVERSY
Two Views of Victory
Peace and Capitalist
in a Spirited Contro-
CapitallBt
Engage
versy as to Their Accom
plish ments.
War
- Labor Union of SU John, who extended tbe usual welcome to the delegates to
J St. John- -He then Introduced the-Mayor ot St/john to the delegates, who expended'a he-Crty welcome t^4ioaa«assenibled, throwjug the town open to -them,
and' saying tbat be waB sure they were intelligent enough not to abus.e the
, privilege.      \ ~i~'* '•  ■
•   President Watters then took the chair and gave a short address, asking the
delegates to endeavor to do the business which might come before the Con-
' gross Intelligently and to try to avoid repeating themselves on any one question, and above all, to avoid personalities.    He then read out the names of the
"delegates appointed to act on the different committees.    The Congress tben
adjourned until 9.30 a.m„ Tuesday, Sept 22.
.'-;      ."ss: Tueadsy'a Session , »
Tbe principal business on Tueaday. to my mind, was the report of the Executive Committee ot the Congress, which among other things condemned tbe
war as unnecessary, although they 'recognised the principle for which the Allies
are fighting.    The' following Is a resume of what they had to say on ihe matter:    Of late years It seems to have been a race between the advocates of
peace and common sense methods in settling International controversies, and
the advocates of war, with thoir lust for power and greed tw profit. In constantly preparing for It.    The war lords of despotism broke the tape a little
ahead In the racy, and plunged the world Into a fearful war. -The worst, according to Indications, of any struggle known in history.    When Uie history
of this appalling conflict comes to be written one feature of the gathering
storm before the terrblle crash, which will shine as long as the world lasts,
was the common opposition to this war from the working claasea of different
countries,   The labor movement ail over the world, almost alone, was the
one stout advocate of common sense and peaceful methods of settling these
disputes.    Tbere cannot tw any doubt that thia force, a product of the unity
of interests of the workera the world over, will gather an Impetus from the.
lessons ot tbla struggle, which will make It for the first lime In history tbe
dominating force In tbe world.   Institutions wbleb have been on trial for years
utterly tailed to stem tbe return io barbaric methods of settling disputes.
The present position of the working class Industrially, and the awful struggle
proceeding in Europe, which it felt In every corner of tbe world, is a standing
Indictment of tbt mismanagement of the great natlona by the ruling classes,
whose Ideas ot government are incapable of dealing with the problem* of
modern socloty.  It is fair to assume tbat just as the workers In Canada review with horror this tragedy, to do fb# workers In other eottntrle-* Involved
N'o doubt amid tbt Moody destruction of tho flower of manhood on tbe field of
battle, lo tk* delate of blood, amid tb* making and rending of steel and Iron,
and Um eartteeak** whleb demolish tbo patient work or eontnries of glorious
architecture, amid tl* tears of orphans tnd walla ot tli* widows, that hundred*
oT tboasaad* of aoMlers, not a* many wag*-*areare, tolling or starving to pay
tb* price '«W r*m*o**r tb* resolatloM tb*y voted for In convention as-
■embJtee and -anions of'workman; tbat Insomuch aa tb* capitalists of tb*
world —tm all war. that they b* allowed to do all tl* fighting.  And wlii not
tM* bav* • tteamadoe* eft-em. when tk* Um* comos to s*ttl* things attar th*
warf   AmW tbls horror, yoar etecatlve council recommend that tb* Conven-
Um raafflran to attar abkorrsne* of war aa a awaae of settling dlspotea. That
va reeotBlM tbs working dast la on* country alone cannot atop tbe war,
aa* te pr*r*et tb*a* straggles tt is aeeeessry lor tt* weritiaf elas* aawee; tte
greet n*U«ee*f tte world to «ow* to *n**d*«<aedl»g.  That we lactam, at
aay mameai tba *o<Mag tia*s la Um otber oeaatit** iavoivod mah* a awvote
mi this straggle, that w* In Canada will cooperate la tbat *»«* te Md tbts
tatrlble eeatnet aa speedily a* poaalbl*.   W* also tmt tbat la Ibis aafortaaat*
•fragile la lavotv-td a prla-rlpl* wbleb sboald bar* nndlvMed support     Tb*
Oertaau people bav* labored for years uadsr a <t*atttU*m whioh should bav*
no place In tba fflth century etvtllisUon.    flrsat Hrltaln and France ara fight'
Report of Secretary-
ter provision was offered as the complement of th,e employer being prohibited
from discriminating or discharging an employee because he was a member
ot a union. On the other hand suggestions were made to the minister that
the Act could be amended, with advantage to all concerned, by -providing fof
the appointment of a hoard on tbe application of either party to a dispute, ln
any or all industries not'now affected by the act, without lri any way interfering -with the right to strike or to declare a lock-out, and that such application
could be made by either party before or after a strike had been called or a
lock-out declared. The Act as it now stands requires the consent of both
parties to the dispute; If amended as proposed to the minister, either party
would have the right to obtain the appointment of a board.
Two daya ibefore the session closed, while the estimates were before the
House, in reply to a question by (Mr. Carroll as to whether the Minister had
under consideration during the session, amendments to the act, the minister
said:
"I gave a great deal of consideration to some proposed amendment!* to tills
act. but we had not time to bring them down this session. It Is piy intention
during recess to issue some kind of a circular—I will not send out the wholo
bill—calling the attention of labor unions and employers of labor to suggested
amendments, in a general way, and asking what suggestions appear to them
desirable.* *'
The Convention decided to wait for the suggested amendments to the Industrial Disputes Act to be submitted to the labor organisations for their approval
or disapproval beforo moving any further In the matter.
Hon. Mr, Crothers, Minister of Labor, addressed the Convention on the 21th,
living the same old political stump speech.
Regarding unemployment, the weaker said it was a difficult problem; the
greatest hardship waa the want of money, and the Impossibility of borrowing
It It bad been said that the government could mak*' money, but It is well
known when this bad been done. Its value depreciated. It might, however,
become necessary for the government to make an Issue, but It would be a
daagerons thing to do. Those out ot employment must be taken rare of, snd
tb* conscientious worker wanted no charity. The government Intended td
do ita utmost to solve tb* problem and better conditions generally.
Tb* Minister of labor cam* in for a great deal ot criticism rrom delegates
Moor* and Farrington, Tb* latter, who bad charge uf th* Vancouver Island
strike, charged the Minister of Labor with being mainly responsible for the
condlUons now prevailing on Vancouver Island, owing to Crothers not having
used tb* machine provided by tbe government to the best Interests of tha
rattier t ot Vvntow-vt I»l»nd,    Wt n\%o awwwd bias af making « s^kta-tni tbat
To the Delegates of the Twelfth Annual Convention, District IS, V. M. \V. ot \.
Greeting,—
In submitting to you my annual report, 1 beg to draw your attention td
thc fact that we have passed through the roost critical year in the history of
the United Mine Workers in thia District Tbe general depression, the Instability of employment, together with other unforeseen matters, have been the
means of somewhat retarding the progress ot the work of our organisation,
but notwithstanding the many adverse conditions we can congratulate ourselves that our District, from a trades union standpoint, compares very favorably with that of tbe majority of the districts within the United Mine Workers'
organization.
Our membership Is less than it was twelve months ago. On tbe 30th November, 1013, there were 5608 members; on the 30th November, 1911, there were
4976 members. This ls not a matter for surprise, especially when It Is taken
into consideration that Hosmer Mine, with a local of 500 members, has -beon
abandoned, also the same can be said of Hurmis, where thero were over 100
members. In considering this lt must also be observed that the mines ln
previous years were developing and extending their operations, whereas In thin
period, through lack of trade, they have been compelled to curtail their operations, with the result that there has been a surplus of,, labor which has -been
unprecedented In this western country. 1 would state that your District Officials wero successful In establishing a Local In the newly opened territory
known as the Hrawau Country. In connection with tbls, I would briefly mon.
tion that when International Board Member lieen and myself visited Nordegg.
at the request of tbe men Working there, we were confronted with a certain
amount of opposition from ex-members of District 18, who for some reasons
were antagonistic towards the District. However, after going Into the matter
thoroughly, the men readily solicited organising and becoming attached to
District IS, an agreement on behalf of the Local was entered Into with tht
Draieau Collieries Ltd. This company has since that Ume Joined the Western
Coal Operators' Association, ronaequently the next agreement will be nozotiat
ed through tbat association.
The Hlllcrtst Explosion
The Hlllcrest Knploslon has been a matter of uturh concern to your District
Official. I do not Intend to refer to ibis from any sentimental Hut, but
rather to clrcumstancei of fact, briefly ttatlnp, however, 'bn beyond the et
tensive calamitous results which can only be appreciated by thote who were
War stood upon a mountain top and
watched his latest achievement with
satisfaction. Bombs were falling from
the skies upon a crowded city and
the siege guns had battered down a
hospital at ten miles.
Peace approached and looked on
with an air'of supreme boredom.
"How consummate is my ounlugl"
-«xnwecE~T-Vs*n—"nj"™nid—of civiitzstiOu
I nm able lo kill tens of thousands
where before I could kill only hundreds. At the Bound of the trumpet
and to thu music of meaningless songs
they go forth and slay one another for
my sport."
Peace sneered.
"And you call yourself cruel?" she
said scornfully. "The death you -l-ial
your victims Is swift and they die
happy lu their Illusion. Bah! Vo-i
are a -bungler when you try to inflit*
suffering upon humans. It Is I who
kill most cruelly and make tbe denth
most prolonged."
"Listen to the walltug of the wounded and the shrieks of the dying," challenged War.
"Listen to rhe pnin-laden of the
sweatshojw that arc mine," -retorted
Peace. "Listen to the deadening agony or heart, mind and soul tbat I can
stir, the death-in-life that dully drags
Itself along to tbe end without hope
and without Inspiration, Out there
on your battlefield the flags fly. the
martial strain* are sounding and men's
hearts are uplifted by the wnr Illusion
with which your permit tbem to turn
the pain of their wounds Jo exaltation. There is no alleviation *of .suffering on MY baltlefleldf, all dull, un-
endurable but unending pain."
{ "I kill more men tban yon," snarled
j Wnr,
I    "#tatt*tic« will show yon tbat you do
not," Insisted Peace,    "Alao you are a
. mo*? pitiful tyro at inflicting suffer-
! ing.    My power in this regard baa In-
*-t*MM
Tbty
Halted Mia* Workers owing to lb* very deplorable conditiona tbat existed
there, tbat tbey decided to go la there and to try aad belter tb* condition of
tlw mln*work*r» tb*r*. rarth-tr. tbat he was Infracted to go there by tha
President of tb* United Mine Worker* of America, J. P. Wbll*. and -that tbey
bad tmm oa sink* fer a considerable time there before It was endorsed by tbe
United Mlae Workers
Tbe Hoa, Crothers replied to Mr, Farriagton, bat bla eiptaaatlo* was very
ensaUsfbrtory. and after a vigorous dlwntsfon a resolution was adopted eon-
dramiaf tlw Minister of Labor ea tbo groand tbat Ma d*part«*at bad failed
*» Ha duty ta -roaaeetlaa with tbls strike ef tbe miners oa Vancouver Islaad.
At tbe Friday's mmbm t took tbe opportsaity to ask tba privilege of patting
before the Convention a resolution rrom District IN I would tike to point out
bor* tbat according to jbe rnlea of tb* trades and Labor Coagreaa. alt resolutions nlmtM bn lm ttm days befors tlw Coav-amkui sits, mi thnt treaatouaa-t
tmt to attar tbat tan ealjr be accented by a tim-thlrd* vote ef the Cmamotto*
, ,*>n»l «uun uii-rciful."
It is a lief' shrieked Wer,
* they ar«- nrklni the convents!
«!•< mlciiraMt* the •ome*."
!    "1 bare Bi»f«* refined s-afTerittf ior
women," maid Peace complacently.*  "I
-ran  »tart*> and subdne womanhood
cried War.   "I* not tbat treat erml.
lv*"
Atatn P-mh"* hi*****! tn -srora* '
I uk« *btkkau .!>.«« my letimin*.
•lite replied.   "?to*i» ihey are trowl
«f •In*!- >n m* miii**     V«Mt kiM to**
mee, mm ttm tmmtymmt, m*nry. otmwmmft mit* t*tfit* Uow*
^^  1-9^^^ -M****..--!*-^ .j^h^^ 9^mm^,^^ ^^iM^ M   .^m^m^^^^m ^^^^^U^l^^^  ^M tt^to   ^^*t^k  ^*-"-*^-y^   ■&£
asiww • atm. -■ mtm.irammjmatommatmomntmmmwi^mmmm wwmw^^mm
ttttf tbm f» flftwfitfti wHttett irortwrt fit m Cftltetf ftafaa.   thatm**
MOk .St.-,   -mt^^s^^Sj^^^ '        mttj^^   ^|>X|jMtm|Uj||   ^«^jt   JMb^k   ^^^i^-^-jHujmmijJI^-^b   ^jf
ammmt    wim^^^mjt^^^^B* '^m^m^m   t^^^^^^^^B   ^^w**»    m^^9    ^^^■^^^*,^^mmnm^^^    *^m
wi aai af - -MBfUfvaM wt faaaea a* itm ttrnw ttm tt
M ee***. Ml MIhM te tb****. af -till tawat lay latb*
y. ^^jA^'-jbgUi^K •
\ w^m t^mbt^^^m ^m^mt't^^^m^m
dunuii MiteUml *'ui-n.k'u i'*it* i^U-kU-u^u, .1 Unxtuw* *u*t tiu«> *,i *•**■> 1 t****n,*i**i, rrvamni with tne knowledge of th* centa* (Farrington) tb* "foreign agitator" was responsible tor tbe strike, snd not J or our organisation to do all Oiey *m to nnnivt tbont* who are left to mourn the; ttiries, while you bave ^become moro
the miners of Vsncouver Islsnd     And thtt he took this attitude for the ben-»-' death cf thos* unfortunate <1<*ims,
fit ef tba Washington operators to that tbey would get tba ooal trad* as a J    Immediately on the receipt of the news of the accident, your officers umnI [
result ot tk* strtk* on Vancouver Island.    Mr, Farrington emphatically do-j every endeavor to protert the Interevts of the ones affected.    An appeal was \
elared tihat this assertion by tbe Minister of Labor was faire, and tbat it was made to tbe Alberta Government to attaint a Comm»*»loa t« mike * thorough
by repeated request of tbo Vancouver Island men tor tb* asalstanc* or the j Investigation Into tbe cause of tbe explosion.    Much dissjipolnt mew was felt
when It was learnt tbat tbe Government had seen proper 10 appoint •« lodge j
to carry out tbe work of tbe Commission, as your officers bad urged tbe <;«*•
erameat when appointing inch Commission, to i>lace tbe lnv*>«tfvttton in the i into wore* bottom than iwrosiiit* tbe
bands Of practical men- men who were known in ihe mining industry tot 1 prey of your soldiers."
their ability to tope with «ur*i* on ?me*t'lr**Vw.     Arrnntemenu were made:    "No* they are im^liut the r.Mlt<
with'Mr. Norman Frsser, mtatn* *n*le«er.»--. '■*.>**■: %i»er *«r •-c'er-n-M*. nine Mr.' r*-*, <»j*w,-ri iVIr lni-H-e* sad b*!«9e1»."
J. K. Palmer, solicitor.
•The OoromUalon waa In session for a number of <t,\*. durliis lhe <wir.**» «r
wbleb tt apt*ar*d te be tb* aim of tb* company** rwptv-s»et*H-v«> to pm**
tbat tb* company bad not been neglectful In agm »*}. rasher tUn t*r> *W,
eiartdat* tb* origin aad mom* ot tbe esptoakMi. Th*#e mn&loaktm are b*
coming all too frequent iu our midst, it is. tb*-fetor*, wu duty u* a-u*.* *«n
safety measures at alt timet, aad to do Alt tbat we »«o*ilt»l> «an to mlntmlie' qnkbly "
tike pwslMlMy ot »«cfe dl*»*t*»*. .,    Writ*** bare**, t«w* hy mmm***.
•The west-toe et w»lle-f In itntnm ftwtimtrttmA it* ****a muMe* haa ****** nm* a****'*** '• ■«•,•*«*#«.■# *».-   rfwwrtw* »»»*•# *hi»* ■**■*■*
tlw resettle*i bn. received tb* mttmm attention ef year Kteewtlt* Hmnt     It would v;N mm ha mtm-eA*
nmmimimoe. \omlle promt here te state (Sat yomt officers feave dtttgeatty **i* in tear* «m*->    "bm*," py*o»*A War      "Hsve *tm
Owta* te tb* awfal dbweter at IliMmat, Jaa* 1*1*. ltt#,lM wkte* baadroiai tbts meat Important feats?* ta pwacctWn witb tats unfortunate affair.    A \ anythin* m* tbatr
if i-ffllMtta aad *!#*<•« wtw 9«#l wlfkw! bmi 'stow-tft, **d ttm tail mtimh \ pnMm *&M.'w*m Um *m ogwaed anx*gW«i tin* l"*** ***t ntemnyuh * t**t*i %     \»* me *m i>fiaHtt»e u**x >«• *••*-*.•
daaandstt apoa tta peMfc far aapport. therefore, be It resolved tbat tie Tradaa 1 commute* waa aapotaiad by tb* Qoverameat.   KntwUbstaadlM mt pemtMimt 1 m* laaab," retorted Htm.    i* mv
aai Labor Centre** ia oaareatlea aaseatbled vote * **■ af mmmy towards J twteeet te th* Atberta ibureeommmt thet tk* -wieete «fe*»M **>«* « 1*******.** * >*■»*"*■"**•>*■■** th** *--**,-■ •»-» m«m'« *-*-» hr
nm ea w* ttetr* of dowwisMo* appelate* by tbem tn administer tb* tetter. J Wt and wtteft over lle-ff iwffertm
we bave bee* dealed that erivlleee I'te^etdlag -serb **14mm*   nt   ■•*•»,
tie matter ef distributing revjt entirely tn tbe beads of thl* romailttee f Tbts tbey do tn tbe aaaw ef set****.*
appointed by th* Oevemment. whilst tb* txttb ot tbls Comml*»lo» up to thi* j   With a bowl of battled reg*. War
Ume may ba leyaad aay wasaaabla eritietaa^ I still -teat-tad tlmt tbe tleeera- id*sh*d from tbe wtmmbm ta» and *«••
•wat* acted ta a meal ettvpnt aeiaecr by aet tacledtag oa tb* Ceamlsste* a |a»t**r*4 lata ti* sawb* et battle,
-Hrvct r«VM»«tt^atfv« -af t&oa* *&•* ar* tlw* MAst #ff«-*."t*4, a^sutly Uw **rff*r#ii*-.    fama »u»4 *tm* xbn ptdk.    if turn
TWlX«rWlwre**b**dlb**^*fK«l»n»etMilt*aaw«t»b^wMlbrtewtfc^remetefcwifcesee»lef
t'iwel*>«i-d Uy it** tHm'tnH kmam AuAHm'* SWywcU tof UkU lt**U, ,<*»** Knecsaw* *, wentsifte n*,.***-**, ibm M*ww»t, «v«v-
■**rd dwtdid t* M Wa mm te ttm Ottmtnt Wtmt* bm te *Im«i tte *fM*j«Miiiw alow aa*«tett IMr p*M
MJty mt tbt Ooremtmo It wss immtttot aeVtasbtt ie test* tb* matter tmm lot tbe «**M.    ttm I'm putet la a
f bed Ite teaar t* b* *a fbe ramrnttre* or mmmpmim. bet eat* freed ft Wat rm mr **m mmmm tor tbatr geMawr*. aad f a-oatd 11'rammed ti»t}imPe ef eeatentmeat m tb* tiaw
tte«M*ytef<mftN«t*ytt*ttetfMtMtl» Hbntm. motottb* mttmr -mit
let rat*-- W„ 0.. McCMtei.
lit tegatter, ia tier mm* afcrar* «t**d matter, for tte fortes ot democracy
***-»*-» oommmt.   «**' -nan mat* *ta> mm* tmt omnmrni mummn «* «*»*•* mmt | 'ii* *miMc* we* octetdad, aad tlw ret* tab** and carried.
(i-JiM'iujJ .ijwv.UjjJ-itUi' h*r tkiiiimtti Jw^'i-^wav, *.■>-•*! Aiai-m iimi ii-* U*-.mit*i a***-***
abmUUv.tknvoym*4ot)mrut*nrt.t-».rtroe4om   fm tn *vM«etiy aet
a war af Oreet Mtala** tbomtnty.. aai witb tte tiwtttaM* tmu^im mm m.,
m atprwa tte beae ttet tte dwpetlma I* Worom «m te b*rt*d te IM ttmt
d**tnwtloa to mini tray for -ronttttattonat freedom ta all tb* formtiie* tn
Sm»m#» im o*nmmm***m..im. ms. *amm mm* mmm* t********* ■***■ ..am. m-mammt, ***** km mm mt •* teas*
wm* rtwdy t» mev* m raaaatitlwi wm    ft* ceeeeatwa decMed te head tte tewtetlea ever te tte Weys Mi M**a*
tte aeitera tte wottt mw bt ntm tte ■Itauli, yet. at all tteas ear great ceaualttea ter reaaaHrailia    Tte eaawittte* decided, after gattiag lay *«
^m..^-^jitm m^ g^^ ^^^^^^^^ -msi m afc*k,§m Jbmummmtiii^tttutmi tet ^imi^m tem ftlyte -si^igiiy^***^^.^ „■»_.^^m.»»—^^  ^m m/Lm ^Mt^tttj^tmimm «*^iAtt*MteA **^ ~.^...*-. ^*^ JUL^-mmi^m   b-tm ^^^^^^^^^^jt ate^ ^m^n-
r ■UR OT WKm VOT8OT WBm' IPP» npiPiPi «» ^^^m m %mm u^mmmm*      yWOTimi Wm IN fVIHNllVWv F»""■*"■• lUfwwff' nwii^w* w i^.uwmwiii« iww ci»w
vMtbw te iaaate tte em at HII te tte KiHmsi Hetef ftei. aaaw te te
tonttmm w *. 0. v*n*r, vacraiary>TraMBrer ar uMinm is. 1*. m. **. m a.
t mn ntnmmtt 'tn- mt tbtn rosnbtfftin mm mntmt tjuanfmnittrr by tM nmnixmn
artere ware erer W reeeMUmm **bm«tt*d t* tbs
tta* af tftttt wm ttmrnn for tetfiLtUou to beacfl: tic xarila» cUm. mul u
te -te ite mm CteMaitie* ef iaMMPMfste, mm eery weed it
I Mai i**#t«r, ttet t mmtmm tt* tteaa af tt* aM|Mfty atete I re -i:.*KLj«K -.•^.ixnxi-^-^xtamf^niiv*
ssssmzmommrm
tmgz&sassm
"E FOUE
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., FEBRUARY 20,1915.
Published every Thursday evening at ite office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
solor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to tht District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
SBWS/&.-
<UWION
BE JUST BEFORE YOU ARE GENEROUS"
—Buddha.
The ili-siruction ui" i-liuiVhcs by Gorman artillerymen lias hi-i'ii relVmxl to us an ai*t i»i" vandalism ami
rin- sewn-xt wordy condemnation muled oui to "the
pi'i'jieiriilors liy tlie lii*iti.->h press throughout the
world.
We do nol hold a brief lor any of lhe parlieipauls
in tm- pi'tM'Ut lilaiin* .sli'tigffle. but hold all forms
i f iiiiiitai-isiii in tlie utlermosl abhoiTeuee, ye-t wu
do --outdid I'm* a display of lliat fairplay and jus-
iiiT so iixiit-li prated about and so seldom practised.
•t us first I'ind out lhe meaning' of the word " van-
r.di.siii.'" I'pon JiMiking up I lie dictionary wut'liori-
lie-. we le.irn : "Vandal: rhe name of one ol* the
must barbarous of rhe northern nations that iuvad-
■ed loinu- in the fifth century, notorious for destroy-
'iny monuments of -irt and literature. Vandalism :
'J he spirit or conduct of vandals."
t
'So ful" the term applied to those who demolish
elnurlies or other monuments of art and literature
is, therefore, quite in order/ We do not deny the
co-iiimission of atrocious acts, iu fad quite readily
acknowledge Ihey are of daily occurrence inasmuch
as the prosecution of war itself docs constitute
the very antithesis'of real civilization from our
angle. Nevertheless before pronouncing: judgment
must ever Veiiieinher there are always two sides to
a question.
We ad-mil vandalism has been rampant and still
is.       i
When charged witfh lhe wanton destruction of
< hurelies and -other structures of antiquity tind ar-
ehiteetual beauty tiie Germans replied they were
qiiite justified in so doing owing to the use made
of their towers for the purpose of mnlying observations. This was the explanation given for the Ikmii-
banlm«nt of the cathedral at Rheims to wliich most
emphatic denials were made by the Frendli, and as
™flnnnrninaryn~ufli^^
word to be of equal value as another's until proven
otherwise, no satisfactory conclusion was attainable.
We now present the testimony of an importi«l wit
ness and iu doing so wish to emphasize the fu-et we
are discussing Hie one specific subject and in nowise foixloiiiiig or excusing other Charges which
' might be cited touching the nets of tlie factors involved.
There is one of the Wt-sleynn Methodist eluip-t*
laiiis. Uev. O. S. Watkins, with the Expeditionary
Force in France, whose evidence can he accepted as
trustworthy because it is not given for llie purpose
of calling attention to acts of vandalism but as u
.spontaneous tribute to the miiarkable coolness dis-
played by si British officer while milking observations, coupled with n stoicism wheu^voundeil which:
the narrator of his iUmhI* -considers should entitle
him to wear the V.(\ This is the story told by the
Welsh divine'of I/iout. V, iHlvidsiMi, of tile IWth.
Mattery, Hoyal FiMd Artillery:
,, ., .;, ;: ,- ,i.;,\ ..-ur .yUlilJcl'.N hud found il ini-
j , *,- ,',.,* ,i j,,i*ni|. vertniii (ieriiinii unit* which were
fu-I iiitdt liii'4 mil* Irvm-Iif-** linteiiiible. Tile country waH ho flat llm I there wa* no pussibh- point of
vautnge from which the giiiiiiem eould 'observe'
except the Htceplc of lhe ehllivlt til Loui'iif*-*. It
WM* tile «Ull,V »f Lieill. UiividHMii to observe,' so be
calmly went to Ibe church and m-hUhI ou Uie top
piiiceeded to telephone his information lo the bat-
tery. In coiiWMjHeiiee titriii.tw buttery after bill,
tery xrn.a sibniceif; the iiifmttn*, which at otic time
uiw in danger of extermination, wiih wived, and the
!-Mj.-i!i<«])   WrtS  s!t ■w-.ifllHy   held        The  <*ll*tlivll   \V;l*
r.-dmed to M«*t*M|» iie«|»: for wveu nol id Imiir* lie
calmly »*atun«l the country, nml hlephmieil hi* rv-
jHirtx. M dark his tank mm thxiw, Then* wax the
eimck «f .» rifle- the tferiiuin treiiehem wen- only a
few hundred ytttxh nwny am\ ;» bullet |Mm»m»<I
Ihroiiffli the bitch of bin lieek timl ottt throittfh tbe
iiioiiih. He walkeil lo hi* baiiery. tinx* Ihem bi*
ft»u<l inf..ni.t.l.oi.. mul I lot.      I lliiitk I'd belief uoi
Placing senlimentalisiii aside and looking a't the
war game from a cold-blooded'standpoint, either
parties to the combat must adopt such measures as
ihey deem may best subserve their interests, ami if
for the purposes of observation a cfhurch lor any
other building is suitable, then it will bo utilized,
and neither sacredness nor architectural beauty will
act as a deterrent.
We regret the destruction of these mute evidences of man's marvellous handiwork in ages past,
but of \\*ltie-h the great mass of humanity have had
but little opportunity for visiting owing to the
bread and butter problem engaging their every attention. Yet the destruction of monuments of art
and literature though deplorable, are as specks of
dust compared to thc human anguish wrought by
war's fell blows. Monuments of brick and stone
may be restored, but the mental anguish suffered
by combatant's .and non-combatants alike, has no
compensating feature save as it may encourage the
world at large to determine to take such action as
will make lhe recurrence--*- of so colossal n tragedy
us is today being enacted au impossibility, ln all
sincerity we say: Speed the day when the word
'•civilization'' shall be fully exemplified,
SECOND CONTINGENT
LEAVES VICTORIA
Goes East.in Three .Special Trains—
Vancouver Men to Leave Soon-
Enlist More Men
ALBERTA JUDGMENT
IS REVERSED BY
SUPREME COURT
GET TOGETHER PLAN
liiillerly many of those partieipating in various
investigalions regarding lhe prevalence of industrial unrest have advanced certain schemes for tin*
lessening of the social evils and one of tlif* latest is
the "(Jet-togefher-pliin," i. <;., the employer and employee not having much acquaintance with each
oilier personally lias had the tendency to make
theni misunderstand each other and therefore mutual mistrust is the consequence. To remedy this
state of affairs more communion ought to exist between the two. This sounds very nice on the surface, and whilst it was practicable in the early stages of development of manufacture or hand tool
days, in these days of the huge "machine and the
gigantic corporation the gulf helweeif the worker
and the employer is constantly widening, in fact it
is not within measurable distance. It.is quite true
there is a certain amount of personalism possible in
the smaller establishments, but in gigantic institutions like railroads,-steel-works, mining corporations and others of like ilk whilst there is undoubtedly a link between the different officials and fhe
employees in subordinate, positions, t'he real employing factor is made up of thousands of units under
the nomenclature of shareholders who. in many instances, know nothing more of the scourees of the
revenue received than that contained in the divid-
ent cheque.
For the sake of illustration we will take the ease
of one of the most powerful of Canada's financial
institutions and we find the real employers (the
HJi-HW'hftldo-t'A^—iBcftfilftrtjld _ii-l'l_<ivi>r__rhi-s_efliitJnmit_oii
VANCOUVER, B.C., Feb. 16.—Hundreds of men are enlisting daily ror tne
third contingent to be enrolled in Vancouver for the front. The men- of the
•second, contingent from Victoria have
left for the east in three special trains
and the Vancouver section of the second contingent is expected to leave
iu a few days.
LONDON, Out., Feb. 16.—Col. Deni-
son, commander of the 4th infantry
brigade of the Canadian expeditionary
force, is in the city inspecting the
troops of the second contingent. Col,
Denison said he expected the second
overseas force would leave for England any day now.
Canadians Doing Well at Front
OflYT-AWiA., Feb. 1G.--A telegram' announcing the safe arrival of the Canadian contingent in France was read in
parliament today. It was from tlie
colonial secretary to the governor-
general, as  follows:
"Your ministers will be glad to learn
that the whole of the Canadian contingent is doing well at the front, having
safely crossed over to France."
OTTAWA, Feb. Hi.—.Hon. R. Lemieux has jslven notice of a resolution providing for the sending of all
mall matter to Canadian soldiers on
service free cf post&ge.
Difference Over Payment for Medical
"Services in  Camps Settled
I. O. D. E.
Troasmor's report shows receipts
$1101 .GO: disbursements, $1038.76, leaving 11 balance in hand of $122.84.
At the annual meeting of the Mount
Kernie Chapter 1. O. 1). K. the following officers were elected for the ensuing yeur:
Regent—Mrs, Moffat.
lst Vice—Mrs. Herchmer
2nd Vice—Mrs. R. W. Wood.
Secretary—Mrs. Trites.
Assist.  Sec.—.Mrs.  H   F. .McLean.    •
Treasurer—Miss M. Hogan.
Standard   Bearer—Mrs. -Whimster.
Councillora: Mrs. Stalker, Mrs.
Klauer, -Mrs* Bonnell, -Mrs. Wallace,
Mrs. Irvine, Mi-h. Carlile.
•Mrs. X. E. Sudda,by -was apointed to
represent the chapter in the National
Council.
Acknowledgment has -been received
from the secretary of the -Belgian Relief -Fund. Vancouver, of the $215 sent
forward from here.
The following donations are acknow.
ledged:
•Mrs. W. Lancaster—2 pair socks.
Miss F. Lancaster—2 pr. socks.
Mrs. Paton—1 belt.
•Mrs. McLean—I cap, 1 belt.
Mrs. Batem-an—I belt,
Mrs. McMillan—I pr. socks.
Mrs. X. E. Suddaby—1 -belt and wool.
Mrs.   Roblchaud—2  pr. socks.
Mrs. Oulhle~2 pr. socks
Mrs. .E. Wright—1 cap.
Mrs. Bonnell—"> pailr wristlets and
wool.
OTTAWA, Feb. 12.—In the S-jprcir.e
Court the hearing of appeals from
Western provinces was continued, La-
rose vs. Winter, an Alberta appeal, "being taken up.  '   '
Tbo appellants were sub contractors
under Webster for Railway coustrac-
tion. The contract was verba-1 and
the appellants, pursuant to -the general
custom in railway work as they claim,
ed. collected from each man in their
employ seventy-five cents per month
for medical services. Oite, Mr. Milne,
was employed by Webster tor suoh sei*.
vice at the above rate, but claimed beforo long that the amount was not sufficient and brought action against the
appellants aiid respondent for the vai.
ue of his services. The respondent
paid into court the amount represented
by seventy-five cents a mra.11 per month
and- was relieved of further liability,
the appellants laving to pay tho differ-!
euro with costs and the same to a j
hospital which services to other debtors. The action against Webster was
to recover the amounts so i»ld and
imincy paid for services to other dob-
tors. The action was dismissed at the
trial and on appeal the full coiirt of
the province sustained the dismissal
•by an equally divided court.
Judgment was reversed.
W. L. Scott for appellants and' W.
X. Tiliey for respondent.
hoth shies of the ininginary bo-umlnvy line, in many
of tlie villages nnd cities of Grout Britain nnd Ire-
laud. South America and in fact in all quarters of
the globe, then to these there is a vast portion of the
investnienl talmlated under- the head of "esta'te
of." which means original shareholders mw deceased.
The mnny schemes advanced, when stihjeet to
analysis, have hut little merit to aecoinplish the
purpose chinned for them, hut are thi' renult of
those fearing a collapse which spells disaster lo
their interests angling around lo see what, steps
can lie put forward lo prolong llieir eiijuymenl of
the products of labor. In some rare instances, in
specialized industries ihe pill has been slightly more
artistically gilded and the recipients delttdetl themselves into the helief that they are I'avori'il mortals,
relatively speaking Ihey arc. hut Ihe ronton in not
nitrihtitalile mainly lo hiiiiniuihiriiin impulsion, hut
because it pay*. Paradoxical though it mny scent
we. too believe ill the 'Uel-logelher-piaii," bill applied differently to lhat desired by various spokesmen in the recent industrial fouiniissrouK.
Our "*tiel-lu}{cllier-phiii" is for llu* workers in nil
branches of industry, hoth iu the production nud
lislrihiitioii departments, lo gel togetherHiid ascertain for themselves the real cure for all social-ills,
but this is not fltlniiiable until they work eo-openi'
lively, not under profit-sharing sehemi-H with its
myiimlx of parasites to be provided for, hilt under
n genuine denuwrney where all shall wrrc mnl nil
1'iijny,
M
SWITZERLAND
A social evening under the auspices
of Loyal Orange and True Blue Lodges will be held at the K. P. 'Hall on
Feb. 26th, commencing at 9 o'clock.
Music and refreshments. Admission,
25c.
DEATH  OF  A BRILLIANT
MARKSMAN
ALIEN  HAS EQUAL RIGHTS
WITH   ALL   BRITISH   CITIZENS
Judge Taylor Gives Decision in Case
of Austrian Against C. P. R.
1 Tlii* fiimou* little republic oeetipie* 11 Hlost unenviable poniliuii among the coirteHlMills ill Ult
bluntly nt niggle now being waged in Kiil'upe. On
tin- northern boundary *he hns tleninitiy for neigh.
bur, The gl.irit* of her beautiful Luke Mnggioie.
tin' theme of ihe Hrlt*fi brush ami tin- |hm<! V |wn
«b< |t»»t  l»ebittg 1** bet* nhtite, but  nre NltHfcd •»)   lur
»»,„l niHl the fiH.I ahHhiIhih* for Hie I****!* hnvrj *"»>'»'"• f,»'»'>* "«'>•    ,,,,'r "^™ ^ ,,,,1«il««
drllb,! „ iM.Je in ito- I Imt  *U pluming '    Atomitt i "<« «••'»'«*"• »»" « »M'«r 0 I I wilh Oe.ieva *„ ttt..
-Hii-eh ttitrfitwlfity umb-r Iryicig «*3r*-.*iii!wtiiiM*»'* ■»•«•• j"'
li'M^lt'l-M.   i'«irt'l.lli*'l"    tO'lli'-W*
lemlnlM-'  11
' •mrnMNH'.-bn*    Iim!rin.llfHMMf'V
77, A
i\»1- 1*
tiin\t;it\i
',\li*\*<Ci1<t \M\\\
*,**
mtr JMtivwHK hi i*.*'-tititn m niMtriii*wm ai ike qtir* j f«<«r'wiMluN». fri lto:iv »*v t**ttr J*»iHM«e* H**h'u\
1M,h MiiM,r.«MirJ> iii*!rr t^mtthmimt,    TV n*»>jr tha- *wi»*. fltmmn Mn* *Hs*i» % mmt ll»*w
tum«t i««ttr> h mit «mt> <l*-«limr with fM*tw»rm! brMv.jIwtlf. IWIt by !«*• than n i|twHet. lite ltaliHii|
.,       t -" r    -» ,. . 1 *  1' (-(timi'tft,. '*•* tttt' *,AiitAp at i*iii,i*iinii'^t*1*,*ii In* slrnni I
ifthrr mimnmmtn »r art w«» rffatnt imt nt ifHC*»[s»M«M. «rhil*i lh*miekn»l IJ«»«mn*r»» i* lit.- t.i..thrr
wiMtonn**** <*r m « wtwrnjii-PtMi' nf ttnr'n *%\fnt*fr*. twiRiM* **f nlmttl 'UKlttK
wr tem.
Vtttrwniy l-atk, l»ix.
Report of Secretary-
Treasurer
*" (Coiulmiea from Pare Three)
be reached on account of the war. ' It is only equitable and fair that these
foreign speaking people should receive every protection at our hands, and
w*hen peace may be .proclaimed we shall be in a position to give sa;ine assistance in case the Commission should not recognize their claims from the
General Fund.
Compensation
-Regarding the compensation claims in connection with this matter, I have to
report, that after many interviews -between your officers and the officials of
the company the following agreement, which gives all details and is,'self-
explanatory, was'entered into. ■
•MEMORANDUM   OP   AGREEMENT
In the matter of an agreement under 'the provisions of the Workmen's <Jom-
pensation Act, 11)08, and the Amendments thereto,
Between
DISTRICT 18 of the UNITEU M-INiE -WORKERS of AMERICA, representing
the Dependents of the deceased workmen' named in the1 Schedules
attached hereto and marked "A," "B," "C" and "'E" respectively, hereinafter referred to as the Applicants,
And
THE  HILLOREST   COLLIERIES   LIMITED,  a  -body  corporate  hereinafter
referred to as tho Respondent.
BE IT REM-EMlBERED that ^n the 19th day of June, A.D., 1914, personal
injury was caused to each, of the .persons named In each of the Schedules
"A," "B," -C" and."E" attached hereto /by accident arising out of and in
the course of the employment of the persons named in tlie said Schedules
and, that on the said 39th day of June A.D. 1914, each of the said versons
named in the said Schedules died as a result of said Injury.
AND that on the llth day of Decennber A.-D. 1914 the following agree-
ment was entered Into ,by and between the -Applicants and Respondent,
that is-to sny:
1. That each and every of the said perspns named In Schedules A,
U, C and E died at Hlllcrest in the Province of Alberta, on tho 19th day of
June A.D. 1914, as a result af personal injuries caused to them, and each
of them by -accident arising out of and In the course ofthe empi-pyment of
each and every of the said persons named In" the. said Schedules hereto
attached, and that ut the time of the sai-4 accident the said persons wero
workmen and employees of the said Respondent within tlie meaning of the
Workmen's Compensation Act, 1908, nnd Amendments thereto.
2. That each qt the said fifty-seven (57) deceased persons named in
Schedule "A" .hereto attached died leaving dependents wholly dependent
upon the earnlngB of each of the said fifty-seven .(571 d'eceafied persons
and that the Respondent admits liability under the.said Workmen's Compensation Act to the extent of ?1800.00 in each of the said fifty-seven (571
__ cases referred to In the said Schedule "A" hereto attached.   .
8. That each of the persons named In Schedule "B" hereto attacheu
were at the time of their death -citizens of Austria and their Dependents
if auy reside In Austria, and no application shall be made for Compensation under the Workmen's Compensation Act In their -behalf until peace
shall be restored .between Austria and Great Britain,, PROVlDBti, however, that but for such residence the liability of the Respondent to pay
Compensation under the Workmen's Compensation Act to the Dependents
ot each and every of the sold persons named In -Schedule "B" would have
been hereby admitted and this agreement Is without prejudice to"any
right of the said. Dependents to apply for Compensation when peace between Austria and Great Britain Is restored.
4. That each and every of the persons named ln Schedule "C" hereto
attached died leaving Dependents -partially dependent upon the earnings
of the said deceased workmen, the extent of said dependency having as
yet not -been ascertained. It Is agreed, however, that the extent of such
dependency and consequent liability shall be determined by agreement
between the parties hereto on or before the first Monday In February,
A.D. 1915. PROVIDED that in the event of the said parties hetng unable
to agree as to the extent of suoh dependency and liability, as aforesaid, the
matter shall be referred to the Judge of the District Court of the District
of Macleod, who shall without the necessity of formal applications or
—Rct4ee8-m6k€^.tr-s-™f*dHn^avh™Hir<S^iw
from the names set out in the -Schedule "C" heretc attache^.   *,.;.
5. That as to the deceased -persons named In Schedule '?E" ^ereto
attached the parties hereto have been unable to agree, as to whether the
deceased left Dependents or as to the extent o-f tiie liability- ol the Respondent In the event of tlieir being Dependents. The Applicants, however, agree to submit to the Respondent proof of Dependency, either
wholly or partial, and should the -parties -thereupon fall to agree as to the
extent of Dependency or liability, the matter shall then be referred to
the Judge of the District Court of tbe District of Macleod for-his decision
under the provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act, and-tbe Respondent agrees to waive all objections as to formal Applications and
notices upou any such reference and in each case where the Dependents
were wholly dependent upon the earnings of the deceased workmen set
out In Schedule "B" tbe caso shall be dealt with as set out In Paragraph
2 or the Agreement, dealing with tho Deceased Workmen under Schedule
"A," and In aU other cases under Schedule "E" where partial -dependency
Is established each nnd every ot such cases stall be denlt with as aet out
hi Paragraph 4 of tbls Agreement dealing with deceased workmen os set
out tn Schedule "C" hereto attached.
B.#It.U agreed that in discharge of nil liability hereunder the Com-
pany shall pay into Uie office of the Clerk of tlie District Court of tbe Dim
trict of Macleod the sum of $3000.00 monthly until the said liability is fully
paid and discharged. The first payment to be made on the first day of
Juno A, I). 1915, and tbe Respondent shall be charged Interest on nil un*
paid balances.nt the rnte'received by the Clerk of the Court ou Investment* made of compensation, fund received under tho Workmen's Com-
penuatlon Act.
'. That an* account cf.all monlcx expended by the Respondent for
funeral expense* or fo:* thc direct benefit of any Dependent or Dependents,
shall be submitted to the Judge (rf the District Court of the District of
Macleod for his approval and shall upon his order be deducted from tho
Compensation due to such Dependent or Dependent*..
8, That the parties recommended to the Judge of the Dlntrlct Court
that the monies patd Into tlie Court In pursuance of this Agreement by the
Respondent be paid out to the Dependents In amounts to be fixed at his
discretion, tf possible the following basis Is suggested: '
(a I -To each widow the sum or 180.00 per month,
lb) To each child the snm of $S.0O per month,
(c) The balance of the said each $3000.00 to partial Dependents until
tiinit tliu-ii** ttm tu)l> paid and diMtii«rii«»tl.
f>.   It in axre-wi that either party shall have the right upon reasotiwis
notice glvw to thc other to apply to thc .fudge of the District Court of the
District of Macleod to vary any term of his Agreement as he or they may
be advised.
10. It Is agreed tbat the deposit of n signed copy of this Agreement in
In the Office of the oiertr of the District Coflrt of tbe District of Madooil
shall constitute and become an Award by the Judge of tbe said Court as
Arbitrator within the moaning ot the Workmen** Compensation Act, IMI,
applicable to e«<h of the ci*** referred to In ths said flchednle hereto
attached,
Vou ara hert'by requested to record Mi In Memorandum, pursuant to Pars-
rrspti ft nf ihfl Byroad MchiKliile ot the i-ibo-n <».m*ntlonc<l .Vet.
Dstod this 31st day of December. A.D. t»ll.
Por nutrlet ID. I'nltnt -Min* Workers oi Am-srlcs-
W U PtMLUP*. Pr**M«it.
A. J. OARTK-R, *#c.Tm»urer.
ror Hlllcrvat Collieries. Ud -
C. II. UOHDON. Hr-wWem,
J. B. MACKIK, Msnantng-IHrerlor,
FRANK J. f UITH. mw/Tms.
I WMM -NHItwHflnll-r **h ***** tt* t*****ini** Hill ******* a -h-iwi-t wl-n**** ».»..»   ■*
yt-tmym**. \ rlew. as j-ow wilt rteHse that the attnatfem -was a wr itoVtas*.* tm* tea ae**r
I fmmmom bmnonth \ ofiHwrs to tismlte, whilst It way have tmee pomVmn to prose-rut* ths CAmwny
WIIAIAMJWMAKi   *■•"» «** «'•*•«*-«•*• <*'« <****.{lor dsmagts radar tho Comwoa Ut, rirasMstucw warrant* t*«n accept
'     —    ittmiiimn nt tbo bmti «f mmbm m in$,lbo nvaemetit.    It waa iiimil tartlar lo got toweUilag taattMa rather
An alien so long as he is we-ll-ibeha\v
ed and law-abiding has equal rights
with a British subject in a British law
court. .This -was held to be the case
in Judge Crawford's court when an
Austrian, who had not become naturalized sued the C.P.R. for damages for
Injuries received while loading rails
for the company near Wetaskiwln.
The company claimed that being an
alien the plaintiff had no rights in the
Canadian courts and they further
pleaded that since coming out of the
hospital, he had signed a document
settling his claim for $45. At. the lime
of the accident, which'was of a very
serious nature, -the man was earning
$15 per week. The accident occurred
last April aud the plaintiff was still
unable to work.
Iu giving judgment in favor of the
allon tils honor said that similar judg-
niciUa had been entered In Manitoba
The death of Christopher^ Johnston
of McAdam, X.B., Is announced In the
St. John's Times and Star. The deceased gentleman was a member of
thc first Canadian rlflo team pent to
England In 1871, which won the Kola-
pore Cup for Canada.
William Johnston, of Fernie, H. C.
Johnston, of Seattle, Mrs, Chas, Mc-
N«.bb. of Waldo, B.C., mid Mrs. Arthur
Dunn, sons und diuislitcrv respectively,
survive.
ANCIENT ORDER  OF  FORESTERS
All members ttud vlstttiiK brethren
of the Ancient Order of Foresters are
cnrdlitKy Invited to ntttmd n social
wli Jell will take place lu the K. V. Hall
on Victoria Avenue, Thursday, Feb. 25.
\V«t hope Hint every Forester will be
In uttc-iidiiitce timl bring his wife or
nwiM'lhoHH uw the committees'hnvlng
cluirKc Intend to niitkc the evtnit n
most enjoyable one.
CONCESSION TO MINERS
Ontario Government Will Kesp Claims
Open for Soldiers
TOIIOXTO. Feb. I2*~-Minors who
have none and th-im- who nre going 'o
the front will be relieved from the
obligation .to work their claims so
many months in each year, and the
elnlim will b* KiMit, t>|n»n fnr them, rht»
lion. (I. Ho .vim! Ferguson, minister ot
tmtd« »nd forests and mines, an noun c
ut ioii.i>. Tttt! miners also wilt be
relieved from paying their UcenspM.
riftNIg UANO OISTRICT
District ef Koetsnsy
T.i..- rioti**» IbSt WIM-IAM tlOIIAD,
of llutl Hlver, fiirtn.-r. Intends to npidy
tor penniMioit to imrrhasc the follow-
ing d0s-^i1»M'if l;vnili:
4 omnn'tti Ins nt m (tost pIsntH at
tbo uortiHM-ti corner of Uot One Hun-
iret and K.mntirn ill'i, .wost 10
clvitss mt-i'-i* t,r H-tt »« th» aoHfe-wf-rt
and British Columbia, which held tliat
under the order-in-council pasBetd last
August alien enemies .who were engaged In lawful avocations 'and -were
peaceable citizens were entitled to the
same treatment in tbe courts as Brit
Ish subjects. His honor gave judgment for half iwy from the time or the
accident until thc present date, and
$-1,00 per week until tbe plaintiff was
fully rocovered, As to tbe document
signed by tbe plaintiff agreeing to ac
copt $45, his honor held that he did not
know what he was signing and could
not be bound by it.
COAL OPERATOR8
REJECT MEOIATOR8
Colorado Mine Bosses Say Commission
It Not Needed Now
'DHXVKK, Col. Feb. 13,--Soveiity of
the coal operators of Colorado—exclusive, of the Colorado Fuel and iron
Company—who claim to produce (ll
per cent of the coal mined tn the state
• In mis aer to Uw proffer of "good of-
I'lcea" nud* .lantiury 10 by Heih Low,
heading President Wilson's commission on ni-t'dlatioii, declined tonight to
wept ihe offer, pointing out that the
leliulons of the employers and tm-
iiluycn ot the coal region were now
amicable, and tttiggestixl it would be
wise for the commission to remain out
of the stale.
Object to Mediators.
Hi* oiierntom sinning the lettfr ob«
ii't:tii'i hi tlw \m*ne*nvn uf P-Mrt-rk t\\\-
day and Charles W. Mills on Ute com-
m-lst-ilon on the uroiuid that tbe former
wss nntil recently an oirlrer of the
United Mine Workers of America,
while thc latter, they a»«»rt. It under
the domination of ttllda).
Referring to lite Colorndo Fuel and
Iron Conipan)'* plea of Internal con-
(•Illation the letter Buys;
'•the plan of.ibe Colorado Fuel aud
Iron C-ooMMiiy. to which ymi r»fi>r, wat
ail»pt«Nl «•> ihe «omiMiiiy without ad-
tiniiiC or foitsultlitg with any of tht
ethsr ©twratont, Wb»* wn an»'afc«p>
ti,t*i tnm io us siircct*. wo shall watch
mt, in li-lnii'iDst mm» w imn to- u. iwst ""*J' '•"■ *,w* H'i>*i-«i"»fs ut th* nttntn,
of l/rt l»rs;»; thence south 19 chains rumA the Colorado   Fuel   not   Iron
.   ■*.,.* ....      .....       .„ .^* .     „^,    ,.,4      fr-Mlii     -tr.     .'Www-
,,,1t«- t-m nm ****** am. *   fii*\l*nlt\*iif  10 ****** ' win**
AffMiFiiail
Mini Utt   Wal-kiu** i'ii!«»u.v of a t»r«i%r man liJ-tcwi-u*
imc«n!M'i»»*Mly |»rr*v*-i* ih* Imlh »»f tht* fi-prm«ii «*»»n-
fnttlftm in th* **** eitml
Thu Kit k», lik«» alt iiitiimf nln-liml |M»ti|t|i*. mv air-
gmtArr ami Hh*rl>-.|«wtnjt. «*i N clearly ilmtmwtrnt-
**\ lit* flw nwli-Mil ten<l*ncj«i »f ^r »nvcrfimenl.
6l»SllMUL-IMlWir(
TO tW WWII VM.KP- IX nemhtr of
taMtt aai kltchta ahaln. Ap»ly.
Uotttr Offlet.
*-,^k*t
*--&  a"
t
tonm
i *
5#to^
li
War ** bf m .mnm a imrbtr -gome, Imt |mwNw*|fiw has no atamlinit armyj military I ram ing. h.»w-
M tamW **i' *"*l*'.r*» '■ <*,*- **tm* il**'  **.H.i     .-lUi-.'*'* t**U t-w-4- s r-tttV*.   U »'**»ttH*uUui',>   UU   »:Vt:V>   atUtU. ttMUUU'tU'iuifc
If) im-nlmtir '»* "«'•• i-rhsj^ • rnl« .»f pn^- jartth tht boj at tlw early tf» of ft aod mMiiraiiif
4»rr" %*tM he m%m- m Immumf mi»fe m -numti*-'until tlr *ffe ot Vk It wtdfewl. tlif twwl mm-
ttfihm*-, m* tmrtmiy mmxmt*l m» m tfc«- mwtttiw." AH a I ptlillf* *#:*iuii(»i«i«ttoi»  ddt-wwlii* * %\m twfettktm
tbirhlm:*Mdm'm*'f I hitter f#*ntbim*
TO tlKXr- Ton Famlthal NawMa: ^
,lw ^^ ^nl•,te•,,'"f¥* f«*P«hr. th»a adopt measures whtrahy thaa* tmytattnin woaM probably loaa all.
Inml n   W, ItroWn. lurosldenl of lha] Loom -Or «*Met
ft win he noticed from th* FMtiteftl Kttwrt that loam haft btm mnin to
the MhhtUft f^l>ptr»itvi*» f-otftty, aad tlw Tradta and Later CmrcII. l*th-
hrldge, since iht laat Conrentlon. In wafotlatlttf that* loaat yoar Rsteatlve
were guided by tha spirit that pravalted oa that occasloa towanls tha Co-
flptratlva morumML I might ott that that* wen mt ecmctnde** natn yoar
Bt*«t|rt ftk assartd bt tha atewrlty that waa glrta fa tarh ttm. At this
tttttKUM-t it ',* **V> u» iw-t/iiiWut tht »«l»Ua*»*tliit> ol liannrhing ont tn tht Co-
OaaraU-rt awtiawM. atparltMa mbttb H afitlmta -dtarfy hoaght, fnmra that
tht prttariotttaeM tt tht average tarn, eamp Ooe* am laaa aareaatfally to this
wrr -i-talrtllt aifaet ot ewawial Wdptttttoa., tahltot tt eaMwt h* itaM
Chat tha Ceaytrttlrt »y*tt« IT amtitatlf aaiaacM am bntnttlt tlw wmbor.
yal tha coaAIUotw ofthattlng tha haasflU a»y ha tfeatly saaiaw4 wptty on*b
ttpetlenct aa tht tStttHtbt tf tToftaar Wtaa*.  Agala. wa hat* a taty atrlMag
Ms i
ihw*> m*mummtn.-nom mmnpnm
rompaaltt, tht aacMi and thtm tar<-
trnt la the statu, rtvptrtlrely, anted
with tht* reUwrntm Fart aad Iron nam-
hany In opfwolnf tht dahianda of tta
CaRtd Mimi Werhtrs of Aawrfett dar
let lb* r***nt itrtk*. in nn fn#irmn-I
saMriat-hM of coal oiN-ratoni
■iiiiiiii
mmeam
FOR IMMRDIATK bAlM~Oo* ret
'••» "'jwtrtaaf tohnti mootrtl mtt
^^ amtm, *&^^mmm      *^^-^ '-■^■^^     » m,m*	
em tmm ntmomry.   vnm a*.aa.  ■mptftf , _. ^^^      _,_.., _
f. M. Ttmnptm -tbt. BBaJ»»w»r*. Alta, oEESi%mm*^^
smSkCm
■ * rtw^nti' /■/
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, TERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 20, 1915.
f AGE FIVS
*
♦ •*► ■-» *>
of The  District Camps
*
♦     J COAL CREEK NOTES
<*»
On Wednesday,' Feb. > 24, there will
be a pound (.lb.)  social held at the
Last week Coal Creek lost one ot
her b$st citizens when Robert, or as
lie is more familiarly known, "Bob"
Johnston, departed for the land of his
birth, accompanied by his fbmily. He
entered the employ of the Crow's Nest
Pass Co-al Oo. in 190C, shortly after
his arrival in Canada, and three
months after his engagement a recognition of his qualifications was shown
in a concrete nianer hy. promotion to
an official capacity with superintendence of the electric plant, since which
time he has satisfactorily filled tne
duties incident' thereto until he decided n little over a week ago to take
ji well-earned vacation.
lJuriiiK,' his nearly nine years residence in the ramp he has been most
oucrgctic in his efforts to advance the
Interests of the various social elements
found in a community like ours. As
a plnycr with thc justly famous red-
shjrtcd sphere punchers, he supplemented his activities'iu that.body with
his' official.'duties us treasurer of the
club for Ti. yours, in short, wli cue ver
-called upon he came forward most
wtflln-gly, and the liig-b esteem in
which he was held was'most'forclbly
proven 'by the reception accorded Saturday.Inst held under the auspices of
the Club. • ■ . '
■ Joo Worthington as master of ceremonies, acquitted liiineslf iu his usual
feel-at-ease manner, and after a few
vocal numbers had been rendered another "Bob" (Billsborough). in a few
appropriate sentences, mndo the presentation of a token of appreciation of
:i most substantial character: A 23
jewel Vanguard Waltham gold watch,
with the following engraved therein,
"Presented to It: Johnston by the members of the C. C. h. and A. A. for past
services. Fob. 12, 1915." Attached
to the time-keeper was a substantial
fob with the monogram of thc recipient engraved on it.
llob made u suituttle response and
then Dr. Workman and .1. E. Smith
spoke In the highest terms of commendation ot the departing friend, which
sentiments were most heartily concurred in by all present, who gave emphasis by lustily singing, "For He's a
Jolly Good Fellow.".. Among those
who aided In making this most enjoyable affair a crowning success were
lllll Cole with his "bones," W. Almond
with his voice, and Charlie as manipulator of tbe Ivories.
After wishing Godspeed and a pleasant voyage the assembly dispersed
church. {.
Presbyterian Church.—Sunday, 2.30
p.m., Sunday school; 7.30 p.m., service,
subject, "Fight to a Finish and Win."
J. IS. Smith left camp on Sunday to
attend the convention at Leth-bridge.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Thornton ar-
tango tea, while Archie Prentice gave
an excellent reproduction' of Harry
Lauder. Jack Hewitt made a great
h-it in his scene, "The Palmist," and
the peddling certainly qualified him as
a patent medicine vendor. The many
things happening io Jack Puckey while
"Taking His Father's Tea" was told in
Jack's own inimitable style.   -Billy Al-
„;„,,.i *.„..*,. i~ r.„^r, „„ c„„^o,- 9*t„~ „ i mond as a yodel singer ibrought down
rived back in cam-p on smiclaj artera *.,„  i,„„„„      ,**i„„,-i„: u„..„„   m«,
*i «.,,. „„<„.— !., ♦!,„ t„„.i ^ Ithe house. -Mesdames Percy, Watson, Birkett and Miss McQuire (of
Fernie)  gave vocal selections which
three months' sojourn in the Land o
the Thistle.
Albert Markland entertained a few
friends on his birthday recently.
The Amateur Dramatic Society are
busily engaged ou a concert and dance
were received with loud applause.
Also a quintette from Fernie under the
direction of J. Quinney contributed
their  items  very   creditably.      Tom
to be held on March 24th.   Proceeds to Digss and 0. Hamsay, of Fernie, re
be donated to the widow of the late
Tom Mason.    Watch for particulars.
Chas. OWrlen and family have removed to -Fernie.
'Minp Inspectors Williams and
O'Uricn were visiting the mines up
here on Saturday.
The school house now boasts of a
Union .luck which is seen floating during scliool hours.
A grand musical concert will be held
In thc Grand Theatre on Sunday evening next, Fob, 21st, by the Fernle-^Coal
Creole Excelsior Band, commencing at
8.-Id.     Collection taken ut the door.
Programme
March—"From  Dark  to  Light,"  Far-
remond.
Fantasia—".My Old Kentucky Home,"
J. A. Greenwood.
Duot—"Home Lo the Mountains" (cor-
net and euphonium) Verdi.
Waltz—"The    Enchantress,"    .1.    A,
Greenwood.
Overture—"Caliph    of   Bagdad,"    W.
■Hlrani-er.
Vlc-lln Solo—-Selected.    K. Tolly.
Quick March—"Band Parade," Farre-
mond.
God Save,the King.
All lovers of music specially invited.
Sir. and -Mrs. W, Bennett desire to
express their sincere thanks to all wbo
in any way assisted at the concert.
Also the Company for facilities granted re the sale of tickets.
One of our residents was visited by
marauders on Saturday night. Evidently they had a penchant for salt
pork land had no intention of observing the Lenten season—Ed.)
The main topic of conversation since
tbe concert has been the case of the
Fernleites having to pay to come to
the camp, and also on their return.
We refrain from -comment.
Bert Barnes, the genial manager of
the Fernie Co-operative Society, was
conducting a business campaign in the
camp last weeR.
Benefit Concert at Coal Creek
Long before the advertised time for
commencing, the Club Hall was filled
ceived due encouragement for the
items rendered. The concert lasted
three hours, and im-mediately after
the seats had been removed the ter-
plschorean artists indulged in the
light fantastic to the sweet strains
supplied by Messrs. Percy and Gaskell. A most enjoyable time was
brought to a close about 2 p.m. A
vote of thanks to all artists, etc., was
tendered at the close.
Secretary's report re installation of
meter system in Opera House accepted.
Born—February nth, to Jlr. and
Mrs. S. Colgoresy, a  daughter.
Joe Rimin got his collar bone broken
by being caught between thc cars and
timber wJiile at work in the slope, No.
2 Seam of the International Coal and
Coke co., on Tuesday.
Mrs. D. Macaulay left on Wednesday
to join her husband in Drumheller.
(Miss Jessie Homo and Mrs. L. Lloyd
and family left here on Tuesday night
to join their brother Robert in Lethbridge.
Work around here is much the same
as usual, the few men who are working getting about tluee days in the
week.
♦ ♦♦
MICHEL NOTES
HILLCREST
GETTJMBW-l-R
ijCKiai!
Nothing has ever
equaled or compared
with the medicinal fats
in Scott's Emulsion to
arrest the decline, invigorate
the  blood, strengthen, the
nervous system, aid the appetite and restore the courage
of better health.
Soott's Emulsion is
pure health-bundling food, without
'^vV      hsrmfttl drugs.
TRY IT
li-41
On Wednesday bsi a splendid ball.—
was held In the Union Hall. A largo
number of people attended, and it
turned out to be a sroat success, both
financially and otherwise.
isle) Inst. week.
Ucivipji l.eniiiird quit lust week and
intends sailing for Australia rlgh:
away.     lie s:iys he sure has had en-
sitnation, -and have come to the conclusion that we have been unjust and
iniquitous. We now abdicate our political  and  economic  power,  and  we
ceptible. The death rate, figured per
million ions of coal or mineral raised,
was n.Sl last year, as compared with
7.IS 'SU years ago.
wl!"  turn oier our industries to the1    The-last year included one great dis-
:r>;W".ivity r>: the nation." ■   aster,   ihat  at  Senghenydd,   Wales
We expect that Socialism will Le in-j where !;;y lives were lost. It is noted
a majority, of the population is ready that thc disasters from explosions
traduced when a majority or well-nigh  were nearly all in South Wales.   Thero
a majority, of the population is ready
■io do so, aud when it has power enough—including   political    power—to
force that change—just as every other j
soda, reform is introduced.   So ih.iij
■the practical program of Socialism. or|
were no fatalities from firedamp or
con! dust in north Wales or in the four
principal coal mining districts of England. Most of the deaths in these
district!- were due to falls of roof.
The chief inspector of mines em.
the practical problem before the So-jphasizes chiefly the tact that matches
cialists, is to increase their numbers * <md other dangerous articles are fro.
sufficiently to secure thut power. They ; quently found in the possession of
expect to Increase iheir numbers prin-j workmen bulow ground,
clpnlly through accretion from that j "I do not mean to infer that uie
pan. of the population .who are inter-   matches are intentionally carried  bo
osted  In   their  proposed  change, and
wlio would be economically benefited
low ground;  in most eases it Is carelessness. If managers would more gen-
The mines here worked three days ougli of "God's Country."
feeling satisfied that they bad accord-1 win, an expectant throng. The o&
ed to one of their comrades nothing |Casion being a benefit concert and
less than what -was justly due him. I ,ia.n<.e arranged for the benefit of W.
One of the pleasing featureB of Mr. T: Bennett and family. .Punctually at
Johnston's visit, although not untlnged 7.30 our genial superintendent opened
the proceedings by stating the object
o_tibft^aiherJfig^^wlng-lo-the-!engfch
with regret, will be the meeting of a
brother whom he has not seen for l£
renrst-Ht-prPisBinrinVailaeii nome~fiy
severe wounds Inflicted in one of the
fiercest engagements of the earlier
righting at the frpnt.
Coal Creek 'Methodist Church.—Sun-
.,.<-< day-, 2.30,jum.-Sunday school and bible
class; 7,30 p,m„ Gospel service. Wednesday, 7.30 Bible study, solos, etc.
Friday, 7 p.m., Chcflr practice.
The MichekVatal Jtolief Association will hold a meeting next Sunday
evening at 7.30 In the G. N. Hotol.
Business of Importance. All members
and everybody interested, are requested to attend.
The most fashionable aud select
tinned of the season was given by tho
bachelors of Natal last Friday evening in Martin's Hall. Miners were
conspicuously absent.
A well attended meeting was held
in the ..Michel O^iera House last Saturday, afternon to hear the report of
the Scale and Resolution Committee.
i.Mrs. P. Zorretta, of the Venizia
Hotel, presented her husband with a
bouncing son and heir last Monday.
Mother and child are doing fine
A meeting was held -last Saturday
for the purpose of reorganizing the ambulance class. We are sorry that
the date had to conflict with the special union meeting, as It prevented qulto
a nmniber from attending who are anxious to join.
The .Michel Local Union are well
On with their plans for an up-to-date
club to be located somewhere between
the twin cities early this summer.
The principal feature will be a good
library, swimming baths, gymnaattum
nnd lecture and recreation nail.
Booze will be a secondary consideration, but with 15(cent beer on one
end and 5 cent on the other, a little
two and half cent fluid in the centre
would not be out of place.
It Is rumored that a person with a
very   distinguished  and  military  an-
last week. This seems to be about the
limit.
Some of the bo> s returned from
Pincher last week, recruiting had been
so good that lhe complement was
raised within two weeks. We understand 500 foot soldiers arc wanted at
Blairmore next month.
' There is to be a change of management here the lst of the month, Jlr. J.
Brown is leaving and will be succeeded by Jlr. F. Drlnneii, of Edmonton.
Jlr. Ferguson, from- B. C, is in
town and a dancins' class was started
.Monday under his instruction. Quite
a number of boys have given in their
names.
The steam heating plant was handed over to the local officials this week
and the Union Hall and store Is now
a most up-to-date -building.
The Co-Operative Society went out
of business last week and all the stock
was shipped to Calgary.
of the programme the chairman had to
curtail his remarks and could not give
fulL vent to his raconteur abilities.
After the remarks, .Messrs.' Percy,
Fawle'y, Gaskell and Ramsay gave an
overture, which was well received.
Our -weW-knowii entertainer, W, K.
Puckey, created roars of laughter by
his stories of what took place at a
-p6aTanc©r"who""naH-s from Tonypandy,
South Wales. wlK be In charge of the
third contingent which will be organized here shortly.
COLEMAN
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security aa well.
With a policy In our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the ends of tbe
eortb an-d you- know you're •»
cure.  The best fn
FIRE INSURANCE
Is always cheapest, and especially ao when It doesn't cost
higher, Don't delay about tbat
renewal or about that extra Insurance you want but come right
In at once and have it attended
to. '
MA      V A CS*'l^TkJ"B*X>
•   <flL«   JnL4HL«9 JL Jnl JE# JEW
SOLI AGENT FOR PERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK, » FKRNIK, B. C
Messrs. Haddad Brothers have
bought out tbe Union Supply Store at
Maple Leaf 'when they will engage in
a general merchandise business and
hope by courteous treatment and close
prices to obtain the patronage of the
buying public in that locality.
Born—To Mr. and JTrs. C. .Burrows,
a daughter.
The eldest-son of Jlr. J. Crawford
was rather .badly shaken up last week
-whtist""foiiowing His bccupiatlort as
brakeman at No. 2 mine.
One.of our German residents who
had been imbibing too freely of John
Barleycorn, created a disturbance,
which cost him $10. It was a fortunate escape for him.
•Mr. Dobson, of Regina, Is billed to
speak here on Jlarch 3rd on "Temperance and Its Social Effects." We
expect free discussion will be allowed
nt the close of the lecture. -Place of
meeting will be announced next week.
Alf Budden, organizer or the S. H. C„
will be In Bellevue next Sunday. Feb.
21st.
Jlr. Fred 'Padgett, the genial timekeeper here, represented the Loc»l
Orange men at their recent county
meeting held at Pincher Creek,
Owing to the number of working
dnys continuing at about three a week
divided by two, plus the unemployed,
The t*.tnrlng and surprise parties
which were such a distinctive feature
of the social life of our local four iiund-
iod during the past few months havo
been indefinitely suspended. It appears that we have two aspirants for
.social leadership, cue is a strong supporter of "ragging" while the other
as strongly opposes it.
John   Loughran,  of  Beaver   Mines,
paid   his   son,  James   Loughran,  ot
Coalhurst, a flying visit last week-end.
John was on his way to the District
Convention.
Died—Sunday. Feb. Htli, the infant
son of Jlr. and Mrs. Peter Mel-ling,
age two months. Burial took place
from, Coalhurst, Jlonday. Feb. 15th.
Alfred -Bedwell of the Canadian
Field Artillery was a week-end visitor
In ( iviihurst.
A fiubiic meeting will be held in
the Coalhurst Theatre, February 25th
for the purpose of discussing the question of a Coalhurst Hospital. Everybody welcome. Time, 7,30 sharp.
A dance was held in the Jliners' Hall
on Jlonday night under the auspices
of the Italian Social Club. Some
twenty couples enjoyed themselves Immensely until the wee sma' hours.
Chas. 'Phillips was elected president
of the Local Union last. Sunday, making the third President for this year.
The first two resigned the office.
•by it; in other words, by accretions j erally provide a suitable place at the
from the working class. Ami for this entrance of the pit for the. safe depoi.it
reason, also, the Socialists have a j o," pipes, tobacco and iii-ii-jiie;. I think
direct motive in striving to elevate the j i; would do much to prevent the car-
smolfiiig equipment  untlcr-
i:h>s!cal and mental condition of the | ryina   of
workers.     ir you take'a worker who-ground."
is badly underpaid and underfed, over,      Simllariiv iu war   is   found   iu   tbo
.vovked ani ill-housed, you eannot ex-  ,,,„„ book> I10, 0,llv in tl)p huge cas.
pect him to develop a social Idealism.  uaUv list> bul .llso |n the records ot
You cannot expect him to grasp a social philosophy or to develop the mental independence, and the courage to
battle for :i cause and a principle more
or less Idealistic—'Hillquit.
MINE DEATH LIST
LARGE  IN   BRITAIN
Number Killed in 1914 was 1870, and
Injured Amounted to 184,202
iUccelved loo late for publication
last week.)
A special meeting of Local 2633 was
hold In the Opera House on Sunday
afternoon. President It. Morgan, pre.
siding. Visiting brothers being In-
vltetl. there was a large attendance.
Vlco-1'ronldent Graham addros-sed the
mooting and gave a resume of the organizing work done by thu officials
throughout the District. Ho emphasized the point tlint until the men them- » number of our residents are getting
selves took more Intorest In their organization and everything pertaining
to their own .welfare, that very little
could or would be accomplished. A
voto of thanks wns accorded him at
the close.
11 A Socialist meeting ivas bold In the
Oporn IloiiHO on Sunday evening, Vice
back to the land a little earlier this
year, \vhcrt> they will at least be as
sured a steady Job.
Wo nro pleased to report John R,
McLeod sufficiently recovered from his
recent operation to enable him to re«
Join his regiment tit Pincher Creek.
The T/idlos of the .Methodist Church
—TiurBai!Wf-jiine wofke3~l.wo "days
last week and the haulage crew ono
day more.
J. Lougbrun, delegate to the Convention, left here on Friday for Leth-I
bridge und spent the week-end at Coal-
hurst with relations.
On behalf of the Relief Coni-mittce
tho secretary appealed to the Provincial Government last week for aid in
order to assist those who nre practically destitute and received the following reply:
"Kdmonton. Alta.. Feb. 11.19lii
"John Louglinin, Ksq.. Sec-Treasurer,
Local 481, Beaver Jlines, Altu.
"Defir Sir.—Your letter of the 8th
inat asking thnt aid be given by the
government to miners who are In destitute circumstances In yonr town has
como to b-an-d during the absence of
tbe lion. Mr. .McLean.
"Tho Minister Is .expected to return
to Bdmbnton In the'course of a few
dnys, and I shall then bo pleased to
brlnn your circumstances tp his at-
lonllon.
"Vour* truly,
.11. IIWFFKItMAN,
Secretary,
LONDON, Feb. 12-The official cas-
ualty total of the last >ear in the,
mines .anil quarries of Great Britain
Is 1870 killed and 184,202 injured, according to a blue book Issued by the
home office.
The number returned as "injured,"
large as it seems, included only those
who were disabled for a period of eight
days or more.
Altogether there' are employed In
this country 1,236,211 persons, of whom
92fi,3.r>9 iwork underground.
The blue book reports that a gain
In safety in mining is to be noticed
oner a long-period of years, but the-
gain is sojJ^WLasJojbe^moatinvper^—Wiii^f^^^
— = — ' Take Hat!» F»ra;l|r IM
awards, during the year of the Kdward
medal, which is the Victoria Cross of
the mines. For heroism -in the face
of death the records of the miner
heroes compare favorably with those of
the battlefield.
The total value of minerals min-3d in
Great Britain in 1913 was $800,000,000,
1111 Increase of about $145,000,000 over
lull'. The Increase, .iccoruing to the
home office's report, was due mainly
to the higher value of the coal, which
comprised nearly !' per cent, of the
total.
The average price of coal at the
pit mouth increased 12 per eeat during
the year.
Then.' li more Catarrh In ttilr «wtion o, tw eot'-io
thtn nil other dteanti put together and until tlw lo*t
few yisart wai mippowd to be Incurably For a great
many years doetora proiiounct-d It a local tllneaar and
ptvacrtbed locil remedlm, wid bv w.statiUy faltlnc
to cure with local treatment, pro-iount-ed lt Incurable.
Selene* hat proven Ctetnrrh to be a ronntltutlooal <1H
eaae. and therefore requlrea constitutions! •rratmcitt
Hall'i Catarrh Cure, nuniifartured by V. i. Mwfiej
It Co.. Toledo, Ohio. 1* tlie oi|>- Conntltutlona! cure on
the mxrket. It I* taken Internally h doaea trom IC
drop* to a tegnpoontul. It nets directly 01 tb* blood
and mucotu lurfuceo ol ihe «y«em. • Tliev oOet one
Im-ulrm! (la-lam tor any enae tt fall* to run-. Send
tor eireulum and tPBttmonlM*.
Addrrm 1'. J. -t'RBNRY * CO.. Tolvdo. Ohio.
-L.
y I'M* 'orro-*t:pit!oii.
:i	
THE
TABER NOTE8
President Wm.•Graham occupying the!""' holding n concert on Friday even
chair.   After n  few  Introductory  rowing In n!d of the general fund.     A
marks he Introduced the speaker ot '''hnrge of 2*tc. will be clmrgetl. Kvery.
the  evening, Comrade  Buddon.  who: body welcome w-v-vw-w^-^'v^w^'^"^
look for bis subject. "War and Its Kf-!   'The iwrulnr meeting of Loc.il  fix,
focts on Socialism."    That Comrade I will be held on Sunday at the usual;    (lloccived  too lute for publication
Hudden Is a born orntor goes without ji-bx'o and hour.    Business Important.) last wet-It.t
saying,  and  anyone  thinking othor.!    The Frank Hockey Team were onr:    Tlii' mines lu tblt! w.iitU.v arc *tlll
wise has only to hear lilm once to bo j visitor* for the Inst gnmo of the itorles  working about one dny per week, with
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Bast Accommodation In the Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Evary Convenience,- •
Excellent Cuisine.
8UITABLE  POR   LADIE8 AND GENTLEMEN
J. A, CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
Iironpi'fit of I cm tu i lie near future.
Prohibition hh-iiih to bo Hie popu-
-t'tnivlnreil.  -The nble mancnr In which ! bcre, nntl soundly ' trounced uh by «•'
lm liandlml his subject reflects greitt'soals to 3. 	
credit on bim and wits both Interest.!    V*M»r-». tlanvlek and Iturko aro at-j for topic of tiio day in till * camp.   Tin*
Ing and educational to the audience    Hondtii* »ho Minors'   Convention   at! ii'iiiiicniiicc forces liml a .tpcakt-r tv-Hiij
Anothor batch or volunteer* for tho j Lothbrldgo thl» week. 'Toronto, |lov. Dr. Shearer. apcuU iiij
llilrd contingent, now being recruited, I    Tho Meh order of the movlea In tho; i|,o Hex Theatre to-night i Wudncaday»i
left horo for Pincher Creek the Inttor I Workera' H'tll nm continuing to tlrnwij,, ;| ^irko-d hoiur,    Th- «po«|.<r « i»
ond of List week, | largo crowd*.     Pack 'om In, Harry! I tihoiti (lit- iimud-I tun of nucli orator*.
■lliu. Young met with n bad accident;    The It cal Odd I-Yllows aro mill i!o-< i,.?|elnii ttml «.«n»itii-n- -u've.i !--   trh.-v
while at work In tbt slope, Nu, •' Swun j';*« b»*l-'■»•»» ■*» ""'•»' i» "in*-" »' their; <|in xtUm* were ttHk-t-tl for ui the close)
of the Iiitornntloiinl Coal and Coko Co.,' "'""''I'1"'''*''onii-MiiitIon to the Mount-;„i   i,^  remuk*. a   fo-,   were  tu-kt'di
on Tut-aditv mornlfig,   Home cap rock o-l lllflcn. ' lewliing' tin   - ctitiiitnii: nidi; but llm.
fell, (.iicblitg lilm on the lt% breaking ,    l»r.   Moore,  Att*Ken«le'a  genial   a*-! ruritiln wan mkui mug down. !
It above tbo ankle.     Ile wa* convoy' "'tftnnt. loaves tomorrow for the front j    Hon. A. .1. ,MeU>u< wan in town on*
ed lo tlio .Minor*' llonpltal, where ne ■'»'■•"'" *" ',f""  vob'u too rod  to do bluJK.tUit.'a:,   ttml   Informed    'It"    mum
-Ait* tttleiitleit toby Dr. lion*. '»:»« tn »HovIiMhk the -tuffclua of tJie*t,,:)| ti„r(. vn,uld ttt* :t further »mnt <-f;
Coleman Hot-key Club Journeyed to i wounded   hoIII-tm,      Tbo  tlofor  bm j i,„iiiev from  -In- siiveiiniu'iH  to lull':
I-'rimk  last  Wednesday  ovotiltia  nntl j beon roxltlonl hero for nomo month*loot Hie town      It eormiiilv t* needei.
ifffptttoit the Inrnl* by .". 8t>al» to I. On and leave* behind a ho»t of friend* aH  about   everyone   Hi   town   U   upt
Friday ev-nnlnx tliey bad Hollevtto  for who lake thl» opportunity of w|»htii« hutaliul It.    The plrk :iikI xhovel bri*|
opponent* at home, when the net wna jWm (Ind *i»iod. j tt.„|,. „„ -n,(   dj-jeb thee dty* i* »!
found  20 Mine*,  Coleman  having  1'i.^,^.^.^^,^^^,^,^,^,^^  r. ultiion a*, to win* nro affected .n ■'•
H. 6. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will rum lub your house from collar to garret and at bottom price*.   Call, write, phone or wire.    All order* glvan
prompt attention,
if you art tatiafied, ttll othen.   if not satisfied, tsll us.
Coleman
Alberta
(*z
8^
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs, S. Jtnnlitft, Prop. L. A. Mlllt, Manager
EUROPEAN Am AMERICAN PLAN
CAFE OPEN DAY & NIGHT
Mtnu m la Cart*
and Hetlevtie n. t'oletuiiri lum now «oi
n elnfli on the Fritter Cup for another
yeur.
(in Monday ov culpa ,i leu: match
nt'-ii ti Ime been -played on Colomnn
r'liti Ito'iiooit eVleiwtR '.»a4 t'rjr.k to
(Vettlo Hie elutniplnnnhlii of the loitruo
ji.mt by wny of further ImltK-rm-r nt to
mil t«l| tliey knew inltt the nnnit; a
tr-ii down   !.*Htbrtdte  wiy   In   moot
COALHURST ♦
+ *hm + m + + + + + +
f-tiiv worked two >tij» |;tnt
mtii'
Ti-.
woek
Quito tt  mini bor of foal burnt
re*!
.too ot ib-e team* fho-o,   Hot ttmiMRli d*"*" nrf% *■">'""* ," •"*" ,,u,,r r«mltuft»
mum rroetibtrlD on Frmk'* pnrt Vale* »"<• "'her proiwrty »o nothing nlil pro.
in*'-it- ',1'iitt mman'ilii'-ti tlw iww, tb«i» «tn-l "*'»* 'I**'"* f!"'m »-'H->»»* «>»« *:b«n t'*.*x \    '%w,r* »•'*♦•-""«
' -H-t'-B til. t f «*■»« •    -r'H   ■n-o-'-f".
.     tii-Uiiie IMt H l» ItlOVUIg 111* i*lnt'* mi
ibe luril Vote*.
3:*il A|i|iioloti wo* at U'lli'm-iue ot-
I I lilt) ,'tlltl *i»fiirr-l it |i« lllll! 10 i>|iet»U-
■i »»it-ll initio 91 t'oat City
Hoorco V.-ttvtii tit"', fur mnl -.h-w
ti*tt-r wlnnlwrn mini nre truliiiux .»t
Vici-IIM'    H.'it,    »o*:ti.|(    homo   «m    !*.tt
; »inl -y -ir-l rotti'.'lue-l tt omi^lo of «t.iy* !
OEOftQfiTOWW
;tn* ',.*.*-* tm  t .t»lie<*
•'IH'     »• *..*»•
. ', i ■■   - ■ ..     '   ,'«■.,', 'ii Ai    in   i'*.,>H-
Hr. tteiif ro|,orf* tbst lit" bus item
IMJ'S l'   -UlLi.ii.ii  MtA,\
tMPTV HEAD*
lilt,;; the eliamplonvhlfi nnd tin* tmlnt
.,.,'..».,*,... *,»«.**.  ■-*,*» |<«*>«ril -Jim If
»o'ti> * In  Kri»-1-: -rt ■»«'•• •» ',v V, ",,.\    < ■,
1*
Worn ! tujloi'nttotdnit th«» »lck tho i»»*t two i
FrMiif".,   IV*n**r)r   Ith.  *i|   CntHn [nttb* i'Utu nu hri-un, »Sih:o bi* *r*\
dale, to Mr. and Mr*. K. 3. tttny, n;t!v*t in <"n*l!tttr*f ihrw yonr* ano.   j' ...*,,„
da«^ttfr. ;    A «nr|nll*» me-tlttg for forekn bro j*b«l In ordor to !.r;tiK about Ibe ultl-
F. M. THOMPSON
Company • "Tht Qu-allty Stor«"
Groceries, Dry Goods,  Crockery and Everything in Shoes
IJW-.Jl
On  Iho other hand, we ni*» know
tfrttl     »<i    Mr * I*
On and after February 1st we wil. make a Spepiat Rate
Boar j and Room br the week or month
MEAL TICKETS $6.00
•    •'-■*•■■ ., .* ,..     ,T»    ,,n.,«»,%     tttH-ftw    omob***m*    * «<« mm**    *wp«#**i    »
TWP*dtJ   I»*t.    Th* mino Iwlng idl« \ jt«rlaH»t*  piotton*. i"   *ll» n-«|titr#
:\?±.Z*?XJXJ2*ZL *-%*?**' Witor man ot «or^r<;    n tte*.
tt'«NfiM-»«M**!ft'»'.  FoVrn?iri
•n« Mr*, twntett, * wn
Mtl,o nwnnon and Ja*. llti»*oll ar
i',ttt4 In man on tVerfnaariajr morning tnmlna out to nitomt th* m-wilnir
ifter a llm-o month*' holiday In tha     Tfioma* Utrritmham loft «'ojlhur»i
mil Cottntr).   Tlto>- repott bating bad «» Thnr«il«> ttotiftil for tho old <*«««.
.n R«0iJ tlmo wbllo ih(«». try »'« Xo* York      lion royrtno.
—•- — J    Mr   and   ^lr*   llriw*  Walll*  »ar»
Tito rt'itwlar mowfifiar of Itnr-tl JWtl:> rfa'ffmr fr'omf-- 'r fnilbiirtt lud .eoft
* >   -n«- •' i-i 'fe "!*ra lluutm uu Axtn-,.*u*l I *Wi* *"
on   u   nofrlt-ftel! «i'iTi'«m
kt.t*.*.i**    > IM.'***     •»».»«
Hi, P«»hfa*n Htb. l*tr*'donl It   Itor-
'nt'or tlo-i-h   «•'*
Wc. * Opwtrrfi
*}jt*llf(Xllll!yifftyW
II60 * Bpwtrth
*. ;•"■    -J':)...     iUiu.»* **i ,tt*•,,*,■*» i*-n*r tmm v:*it*ry.   »od   of   emir-***'
>f t t'ty-.t n t'ih iiltui nt i't'u-l.     i'orttmpon-1 apt-ot n fn Cot.'hnr**     III' -wtpHrt* th*#
tent* ntottntl and dl*en**#d.    R#*t»-1»« '*'« »'■-■' *■»*< •*■'-<"■ *<* <*»" «*•' »* "**•
•**ii,-tt.a,  ti-1 Tr-twiimtwtntloin* -tinningiXl*t are «-«|awtlna..lo l-pav# any iIrm
*»*ft»nr» -frnvrntlnn iou*Wi-io«l ami to:* fn«w.
t-d m by tho mon>b*r* j   Joe Ora ham t* on % v|»it In Coml-
l^lttomttmtenr* ttnm liii*mmmm\biir*M tn*t mn.    He report* protpett*
ittmrretury   t*   exoemUon   from p*t}"- >■'•* *>*•-" *->ft--tc."- <*•--■'»
,.**>hi* t«<i ertaqm*4 noil fltxret on Wr.*    Tti'i.-ir. C«i'.I«» **it4 VVi«. \li%\4b ■***■
I
Wc lmv»* jtt»f |n»f in?" -ttM-|i a -.(»!• niiiii
lltftOlllllt-Ilt     llf
Prints, Ginghams, Plain &
Faney Crepes
HfMOK*   FROM   tftc   PtR   YARD
'rii'-M- ,ks<" .iH t.JKfa*." p««!*« titnl iIm* iicwcm   •ict»igiif*
Wc *iijft*»i'.»l y»u juiwIhim' tlic«icy«MM|i« now w|i#»i» »tir
-f w-*i(II'*'HI-t»*     '       ,..'..»   1,   • ■
a I
of |
norfcor* |ibtaic*tt!|y b»l'«r fjitol, moo-:
tilly   Miff   in'm-'l.   -'♦ud   i»t»tltSMSU j
mil e-»mtm>*iix 'tu*y**r „t*ni>ttt-t\  in:
r'hff   tritr'*,   wt*  :■ 9i*,i,iit'   th:tt   ftrtri.i-
i n ti» nt ho.- wn«***ii fbanB-i*, I
t     w,-!*|l   . •   ,*■■■;.i,t.„*f,   ,   ,n   .*■ i ••
■<i' I.ffililfi*    1'ltt.itli   -iben  Ibo ( ODiiititHI* |
nro rip*" for It, itM *"••■« tho w-vhlti'i
ft}   tor th**  iHf*m,,,Unbm*tit   »l   tb*,
trtattf«)i»i>tt'ii>u Sn i>f*u*)M-;S>  «»**riU«sl. 1
H>  Alt  «<*•   t**f>*-*-i   tht*  *-»«■•*«.»»■!*'"**   "-tv'l        "Tit
*arl-o  up*   fit,**   »'ti»*"*f-*f<?   -tt-t  it   -.-(--'I
|MjUt«:i'   .ill.    *■•'    ';■*■•«'   ■«i»t»».'ii»,i'0.1    ni-   I .mtmmm-j*
Don't forget this is headquarters for the best
in shoes. Sole agents for; Invictus, Regal and
K muke fine nhoet. See our specials in boy*
strong, neat school shoes.
mmam
mmmetmm
Phone 25        Blairmore, Alta.
Thtt Store That SAV2S You Money
tstmam
. i*tf>$\ '■
m*t$$ mmm
Page SIX
THE DISTEIOT LEDGER, FEBNjE,  B. C, FEBRUABY 20/1815.
Report of Sec.-Treas.
iCoutiuued from rage Four)
example of what may happen at Hillcredt, circumstances of this character are
all too prevalent, it is, therefore, essential that the workers proceed with
much caution when attempting to organize on the Co-operative Hues, a great
many more arguments could be advanced in support of this recoramendatioii,
but Weel convinced that the majority of workers in our JDistricct are fully
cognizant, through practical experience, of the many phases that enter into
the situation, that I need not go further into the matter. With reference to
the outstanding loans of Fernie and -Coalhurst, I am of the opinion that the
Convention should seriously consider the advisability of continuing to show
these on the balance sheet as an asset. To my mind they only create a false
impression regarding the actual financial standing of the District, and unless
there is some definite .policy laid down by the Convention in order to collect
these loans it would be more proper to place them in a suspense account and
not continue to show them as an asset
Sick and Accident Societies
Regarding a general Sick and Accident Society, your Executive Board were
instructed to collect data and promote some scheme for the mutual benefit of'
the membership at large. I have to report that owing 'to the adverse condi-
' tions your Executive did uot deem it wise to propagate any collective schem-8
but felt rather that it would be wise to leave the matter over until a more
opportune time. I might state that there is being carried on a sick and accident fund in connection with a, majority of the locals.
Unemployed
The distress through the lack of employment haa been most acute throughout practically the whole of the District.    Your Executive Officers have been
appealed to time after time for financial assistance from various Locals, and
as you are well aware, the Constitution makes no provisions tliat enables them
to give any assistance, no matter how urgent and necessitous the circumstances may be.   The question has been, to say the least, most embarrassing.
Your officers, however, after persistent requests from some of the Locals,
having an earnest desire to adopt means to alleviate the distress, recommended
tbe following scheme for tbe consideration of the membership:
Re UNEMPLOYED QUESTION
In view of tbe present industrial depression which is unprecedented in
our history, we feel compelled to move immediately in a concrete manner.
As an Executive Board, we appreciate the position that Constitutionally
we cannot disburse our funds for charitable purposes, our function being
mainly to protect wages and establish better conditions whenever possible.
In order to further such policy, strikes are sometimes inaugurated, and we
support our'membership as liberally as possible during such periods, hence
the necessity of maintaining our funds for such contingencies.
Our idea ln connection with V-e present distress is to establish the
nucleus of a fund whiich will have for its object the providing for all
necessitous cases in our midst.
However, in.view of the abnormal suffering, we recommend a departure
from our Constitutional rules, and would ask our membership to endorse
the following scheme:
1st. Tbat on December 1st next we place Five Thousand Dollars
($5,000.00) from our treasury into a fund to be'known as the General
Associated Relief Fund.
2nd. That an assessment be placed on all our members earning over
fifty dollars (150.00) per month on the following scale. Thc first 150.00
to be non-assessable; amounts from $50.00 to $75.00, 2 per cent; $75.00
to $100.00, 5 per cent; $100.00 and upwards, 10 per cent.    ..
3rd. That wherever practicable to divide up work, if the division will
not reduce the party employed to a wage less than Fifty Dollars ($50.00)
per month.
4tb.   Tbat all Local Unions place all possible finance Into the aforementioned General Fund.
5th. Tbat disbursements be so arranged that each recipient be treated
alike'in proportion to number of family.
6th. That a pro rata amount from the General Fund be allotted to each
so as to ensure an equitable distribution of relief.
7th. In the event said proposals are endorsed by our membership, we
immediately notify Dominion, Provincial and Municipal authorities of our
plan, pointing out our Inability to fully cope with the situation, and'petition them to establish some law, making It compulsory for all parties to
 suDPQrt^tha&-a_suggeatlona^ollier-idfi^e^QJnauBMrMe.-anather_jaoreji»ACtlCi
able scheme.
. 8th. Tbat Local Unions be requested to furnish necessary data regarding the conditions of those requiring relief.
9th. In submitting the above we fully realize tbe fact tbat we cannot
; suggest any policy wblch will not meet with certain criticism. However,
something has to be started and we are prepared to accept Uie responsibility for submitting the foregoing proposals for your consideration.
On behalf of the Executive Board,
w. L. PHILLIPS, President,
A. J. CARTER, Socretary-Treas.
These recommendations were rejected by a large majority, consequently
your officers were necessarily compelled to refuse to give, any assistance
from the District funds.
Other mothods have been employed to meet the situation. Appeals have
been mado to the Dominion Government, also tbe Governments of B. C, and
Alberta. In conjunction with the officers of tbe provincial federations of
labor we have drawn tho attention of the respective governments to tho deplorable conditions that have existed In mnny of the camps, and It Is oniy
through these persistent pleadings that the matter has received any attention from these Governments who are sup-posed to legislate for the welfare of
their people. In dealing witb this matter I think It Is quite In place to touch*
on the political side of the question. Premier Sifton said, when your representative met bim In Edmonton: "This unemployed question is nothing new,
perhaps through tbe general depression it Is a little more acuta." Premlef
MoBrlde, expressed himself practically In tbe same manner. Is it not time
that the workers began to see tbe futility of sending members to tbe legislature wbo frankly confess that they are unable to copti with the unemployed
question?—a mntter wblch In today concerning tbe worker^ more than any
other. If society ls to progress as It should progress, If every porson Is to
be given the Inherent right to live, which the laws of humanity demand, then
most assuredly It Is the duty of the worker to use every endeavor to elect mon
who will at least attempt to make It possible for t-vory Individual to bn able
to secure a decent living.
Preferential Ballet
Election by the Preferential System was adopted at tbe last Convention.
Immediately following elections were held for the delegates to the Rocky
Mountain fonventlon and tlw Trades nnd Labor Congress. The results
obtained by tbla method were very tar from tbe expectations of even those
wno bad advocated the change, in tact, tite teller* were unable u> make a
practical report. Your Executive then appealed to the membership for an
eipremiou of opinion regarding tJiv new nwlhod of voting, and trom replies
received, it waa evident that the sentiment was against the Preferential form
of voting, following out the decided action of the majority of tho Locals la
this matter, your Executive felt, justified la carrying out the election for District Officers on the old system.
Exoneration
The matter of applications from the various Locals for oxoneratfon from
payment of Wstrl-rt Duet and Assessments was one whlrh demanded tho
earnest attention of your Executive Board, and after giving the same very
oarefnt -nenslderntlon, -wmetudad thst they wwe warranted In exonerating all
members wbo may not «»rn thirty itM.ttnt gross per month.
The following is a wapltolatlon of receipts Md expenditures:
In ooaattttoa with thl* f-tv.ar* of my r*ewt I hav* i<y d«*»t<i !* ntmtuny
to set ooi a mm of detail* tnssmwh a* the -$ttirt»rty ttattmvRts have been
submitted which covered these matter*.
May .
719.80
■ "
659.72
1379.52
June.
.    869.50
- $ 100.00
327.10
150,00
610.07
2056.67
July :,.
553.45
195.25
:     ,
2565.49
3314.19
Aug ..
674.70
I
»
2219.60
2894.30
Sept.
. 1041.25
3000.00-
132.50
507.59
4681.34
Oct ..
770.30
1000.00
34.45
200.00
231.70
2236.45
Nov ..
836.45
/
2864.80
83.45
3784.70
$6996.41,
Less Paid Hillcrest Local Relief Committee .,    525.00
-'"-.    ^ ■> '■   ______
Balance in Canadian Bank of Commerce Savings account.. „
■ .      '     . i   ■ -i       - * *■
.        BALANCE SHEET AS AT 30tn NOVEMBER, 1914
$6471.41
$9089.35 $4100.00     $1405.32     $5362.30   $21,134.08 $41,091.05
In the attached Auditor's Report you will observe tbat tl^ere is a deficit of
$5929.42 in the Per Capita Tax Account. This is not due to an increase in
the expenditure, but rather to the falling off of the membership in comparison
to the last term. As I previously pointed out at the beginning of the report,,
there is an appreciable difference In the membership, consequently the revenue
this term must of necessity -be much less, even though it be taken into consideration tbat 5 cents extra per capita tax was paid for nine months out of the
year.
In closing 1 have to thank my colleagues for the assistance I have received
at their bands, also the local officers and members generally, which has enabled me to carry out the duties of niy office. It is with much pleasure that I
have to report that harmony and diligence has reigned within your Executive
Council during the term. I hope thait this, perhaps the most important of
the Conventions ever held in District 18, will be carried out to the best interests of those whom you represent, and thait each delegate will recognize the
responsibility that has been vested in him and" will;do all that he possibly
can to safeguard and promote the welfare of our organization.
,    . Respe-atfully submitted,
A. J. CARTER, Secretary-Treas.
AUDITORS'  REPORT   -   DISTRICT 18
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE YEAR ENDED
30th NOVEMBER, 1914
EXPENDITURE
To District Board Officers:
Salaries and expenses  $ 9,089.35
Miscellaneous Charges:
Law costs (nett)  *.  5307.49
Annual Convention Expenses (Lethbridge) , 1497.95
Printing and Advertising ; -.... 1405.32
Hlllcrest Explosion Inquiry   1175.40
Office Supplies and General Expenses  1157.46
-Salary of Secretary to Local Unions (T. Harries) -  1050.00
Election and Convention Expenses    751.20
Relief to Local Unions (per contra)  ,-  600.00
Alberta Federation of Labqi* Dues   596.40
British Columbia Federation of Labor Dues  352.00
Sundries -  223.85
Independent Chairman's Expenses .'  105.85
ASSETS
Plant and' Machinery: '•     . f.
As per last balance she6t $8226.59
Additions during year ,...,.. ;     96.85
Less Reserve for depreciation, 10 p.c.
$8323.44
832.34
$7491,10
Office Furniture:
As per last balance sheet .% 579,28
' Additions during year : .'      15.50
Less Reserve for deprecation, 10 p.c.
Deferred Charges:
Insurance prepaid	
Library:
Harvard Classics (cost to date) .....
Su-pense Account:
Difference in books 	
$ 594.78
59.48
535.30
191.23
27.50
23.31
Stocks on Hand:
Newspaper and Job Dept,
General Expenses ,
Fuel ,
Sundry Debtors:
On open account  $2143.72
Subscription arrears    243.00
$23,312.27
INCOME
By District Local Unions:
Per Capita Taxes (Ra-tes 25c. an-d 30c.) $16,221.99
Assessment Dues (Locals Nos. 949, 2829 and 2352)..      333.00
Sundries:
Canadian Bank of Commerce, Int on Savings Ac. .$ 217.86
Relief Donations for Local Unions $ 600.00
Miscellaneous     ' 10.00
Balance:
Deficit Revenue for year ended 30th Nov., 1914
$16,554.99
827.86
Less Reserve for "Doubtful Debts
.Cash:
Balance on hand 	
$ 626.45
25.00
15.00
12386.72
584.00
666.45
1802.72
3.80
$10,741.41-
CAPITAL AND LIABILITIES
1.   Capital:
Balance at 30 Nov., 1913, per ledger account
Deduct 1913 -reserve for accounts -payable
(not entered) ..$ 126.06
Loss for year 1914, per Profit and Loss Account   2779.19
$10,793.47
2,905.25
17,382.85
5,929.42/
$23,312.27
(Signed) W. A. HENDERSON & CO.,
Chartered Accountants.
nuvv vy i «r it?
APPROXIMATE BALANCE SHEET AS AT 30th NOVEMBER, 1914
«
2.   Liabilities:
Loan:
District No. 18, balance per Ledger account 30th Nov., 1914  !!..
Canadian Bank of Commerce:
OverdmaJt on Current Account	
Sundry Creditors:     $
On Open Accounts	
On Accounts Payable 	
On Outstanding cheques S.
Contingent:
On Prepaid Subscriptions ..-	
Reserves (Deducted per contra):
Depreciation  	
e
Doubtful Debts	
7,888.22
1,600.00
345,38
14.46
108.22
136.13
258.81
649.00
must nave • iXita..
tion, otherwise J .,.
you run grave ehajaccs.of Con-
sumptlon,'Pneumonia, or Con.
gestion of the Luiigs.'Toavold
these risks, apply. PEPs.without delay. Unlike ordinary
cough mixtures, syrups, etc., '
PEPs do not contain opiates or
hahnfpl drugs, »nd are there-
fore best for"-children* All
liquid cough medicines, Jwaeo-.
ges, etc.,.go to the stomach,
and every mother kno^s how,
easily baby's .stomach; is
deranged. Once put baby s
stomach-out of order and ail
sorts of trouble arises.      ,,;
PEPs heal the lungs,.throat >
and  breathing tubes without,
disordering the slfonMich;   *. ' ,
As a PEP dissolves in tbe
mouth,   healing,   health-flying
pine ftimes are-plven'btt whleb
are breathed down direct to the.
seat of the trouble, quickly bw-
ing the Inflamed ptembrww-
As soon as >aby'a;;cough.-w
heard, don't wast* time. oti\u*sj»;
less remedies. Try PfPi., PBP»
are also the adults' beat oafytr;
coughs, colds, broncbf tlf. M|
hoarseness/and alltbm^e
and luttg ailments. Al|'«f||
and stores, or, PJ&Pj Co.i Tot
891.82
584.00
IN ENGLAND TODAY
tlailor! tailor!, wjjaTaw y-oojjtylng,
So busy with needle anil tbre*4?
"I make me a coat for -a young soldier
•laddie
Who soon to the war -wlii be sped."
CobiMer!    cobbler!     Why   are   you
-working
With leather and wax-end and awl?
"Making boots for tbe feet of a brew,
bonnle laddie
Who   must  answer   his  country's
call!"
Artisan! artisan!   Why do you labor
Wlh iron and steel and with fire?
"I fatfliion the sword for a brave, nobl»
Inddie,.
"lis tlie soul ot blB heart's desire."
Woman!     woman!     Why  are   you
weeping?
Why are your eyeB so dim and ret!?
$10,741.41
A88ETS
Loans—
Fernie Local Union
Balance at 30th Nov., 1913 ...„ $20,181.67
Add interest at 4 p.c. for year to 21st
Aug., 1914          807.30
Frank Local Union:
Balance at 30th Nov., 1913  $ 3,000.00
I,esi) Repaid     2,990.00
Balance deemed irrecoverable   10.00
..Coalhurst Local Union;
Balance at 30th Nov., 1913 .''.	
District Ledger:
120,988.97
852.9$
Balanc* at 30th Nov., 1913	
Michel Local Union ,.....,..	
Waatern Canadian Cooperative Trading Co
Lethbridge Trades 4 Labor Council	
North Lethbridge Co-Op. Soo. Ltd $2,000,00
Less divld. at 33 1-3 p.c. paid ..     603.33
1,600.00
600.00
5,000,00
1,500.00
i,m«7
. "
31,818,50
18,189.11
5.9*9.41
Cash:
Canadian Bank of Commerce
Current Account  , - ,
Sports Account	
Relief Account	
....$4.13U0
...    S«G,50
....   iwj»
Income and fxpendlture Account:
Deficit for year ended 30th Nov., 1914 ..........
MM                        *,
•4I.I47.1I
UABILITlIi
Defense Fundi
Balance at 30tb Nov., 1913 per Sec-Treas' statement! tJttb.U
Assessment for year 1914 (rattt 50c, and 40c.) 22.091.18
$80,141.71
Deduct Relief—
Special 	
Donated 	
General ,	
t ******i
18,000.10
1,100.00
417.78
Recapitulation of Receipts
, .
Per Cap.
Def.rnnd
wwMmKWm*
8und.
ToUl
Wi Vmwtnbm —
..limit*
fi'tUrM
tU.M
I -iuai
tmn.ixii
till Jamierv
IIIMS
■nm.to
47.7*
4444 0*
PWmisry	
..    ttt.tt
itn.&t
39.-M
J005 tS|
liitt.i't
li.l*
t^tn.no
m». lli
April	
,. mt.t*
7.3$
it.ee
HUM
■taOf   *,   ... *   *■.
.. tm.ib
r.0.*&
Z.'J)
vt.m
Mlt.U
June .. .... ,.
.. 126S.4J
1911.30
33.30
133.Q3
1390.17
■ItAy ..
,.  1811 -W
tm.sA
»;.?*
ant.M
AOf«St  ....   ..
.. mtM
m*.m
torn
•4M.lt
lflbtfBftAflftfrA#
.. 1UW.lt
JIM tS
wee
»17 7*
October	
.. 133*49
IISl.Tf
tt.bb
S31I.7&
November ., ..
.. U1J.4R
1404.15
17.50
tut. st
ms it
IIUST.H
Iis.ii4.ii
MJt.ee
tutlti
■^Wtfmrnnotoom
mjmxt
ftttaplttilettw-i nt tapentet
OfltMM tm.
•tri -MP*.       R-tri-wf
f-nfti,
L«* i«a4»    ittfttl.
Total
i»it net .i m.n
1 7M.«»
$I3».M
ISITS.t*!
Itll Jan. ..  ttt-IS
t  ii tf
SM.bt
S1SS.lt
MM.IS
fa*. .   IT4.SS
tl.ti
m.m
mtM
ail. so
Iter. .  171.3*
ill .si
S7St.lt
a/m^mm *omtk*
Hlf ,vt
ma. nt.tt
m.m
tMA.H
m&.tt
   i,M7.7»
$11,11S.M
Balance:
Rtttmatrd tttt Dtfe«t« fund areumulated fitter to
totb Nov., 1913, aad depleted toy ae-ramulaied
tnrtmm deffelta aa at that tit* 937.t33.1t
MOTBr   So nnrmnt ht* been taken of dnes In
anwsr -or of ae-ccmais ottemidtpg.
49,947.19
««M71*
HENDER86N & CO., Chartered Accountants.
Acadia Building, Lethbridge, Alta., 28th December, 1914,
TRADING AND PROFIT AND L083 ACCOUNT FOR YEAR ENDING
30th NOVEMBER, 1914
T   Newspaper Department:
Publishing expenses, stock used, etc $ 730.44
Correspondence   1034.ifl
Wages and salaries tsay 66 2-3 of $6597.95) .4398.63
To Job Department: '
Stock used, etc      820.57
Wages and salaries (say 33 1-3 of $6,597.95)........
Balance: dross profit carried down	
To Miscellaneous Charges:
Heading competition .......$ 334.30
Freight and express  165.SO
Repairs and renewals  93.37
Fuel ,,   (10.00
Intereat and discount'  90.73
Insurance ..................•..> ,'................... 318,71
Donations   119.90.
Osneral expenses  1603.28
\ i i
Te Balanot:
Brought down	
To bad debts written off per a pp. l $ 747.77
^nnouTH~nier«i»s*rforTny''-own*Bb*an3»t —j
Ho
bujdl
numbers .In
deadi" y;
France witli  the
,HoW»iThl8?
Wit ettw Om Hundwl Doilan Rmrd (ar uy
m -at CAU-rtb ttat eu&ot be cumt by IbUf
tUrra Curt.
«.   .-9      a   Jti'«LWKBY*0^ TPlj*», 0
We, tlw vsdMiltBwt, tava Snem.jr. i< Chcntv
lor U« UM is yean, *M MtoM btmiwrttettr I
—.. _ ... ......— --i«tU«M ---* 	
*U« ta *U bwtaM tram
unDto
Md anindilly
8163.28
36163.38
3019.89
£016.19
5038.08
tnrrr out *ay oHinttaui oude br bit lm.
I-Utioiui. Bass or Oommmci
ToMa, Ol
Btdlt OkUrrfc Ou* tn tata-o tatMMltr. l
-fliteUv lm tbt Mood tnd muewN nffiN <
mum. TmitMateUi wit Int.  Frtt-a Tl ceal
bottle. Sold br all DraaMU.
tnnn mtn Hmr PUB lor ffattlptMaa.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
9479.79
11479.71
$ 114.1!
To rtterve for doubtful debts
Rtttrvt fer Depreciation;
Plant tnd maehlnery, 10 p,c.
Office furniture, 10 p.c ...
By Ntwapaptr Dtptrtmtntt
Adverting ....
Lett allowance*
I I t I I M I •• 1
836.00
*»•»»»*-»**»*#•
i e • < * e i
$133.84
.   69.48
811.«     SIM.tl
11771.11
*«***•'«•*•**      MlllMM«MM
••tee***
iant.n.0...
Paper sales	
Lett Allowances
• »•#***••** *»»•«••«•**
SttbtCfiptnHHI IIM COflMliMMMI *•*#*«•*»»<**•
tUM.lt
174,13
488.M
l.ll
•33.48
I8S08.9I
411.71
Deduct prepaid Safes.  H4I.M
Lass subi In arrear  343.00
BolaKtv:—Oriwe torn canted 4*w*
404.00
MIULCWiT RIlltF FUND
Unhmeriptimm* 4emetm4 nod tretmttmt .. .. 	
Lett' Btfewftptt-Mt tMHtvtod tmt ftfttwi	
Rttatce «n*tetteete4-HM<-ft tp tt follows:
Trttes-Wood ft Co. Ud~...	
Ji(H#Ulf|r *MWHwWf■fHHI tJtK *•*»•■*»•**»*#*••
dHw   *JI*.BWH1    e»**m»**on a-*********** iioimmi
W Wmi    Jnmmmrf      n***/***********      ******  **ar***a*****m*
W. n* WVmm IfMMUM mfWm W UVrMMIl UNI
em****
n * o n *
ten.* * * *•* *
mmm lllllf H vw  Wmmm tmTtw^B m^mVmmt
MMHMHI
UNIU
H4l«tt
iiiw.ii
1M.W
i«#
I.W
Hiii
-*|^uu|  mm
m.n
PHnttnt........
Lttt attotretew
. * * e ** * m * . **
lM|lt*i)f*l«IIM
tt7.4l
fSllt.Tl
8S.il
MN.IS
311.lt
INDEPENDENT OEDEH
OT OOD FELLOWS
Mtttt every Wodneiday
tvenlng at 8 o'clock tn K. P.
HalL
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
-Secretary, J. iMcNIcbolas,
EfTHEE REBEKAH
LODGE RO. 90
meett flrtt and third
Thnrtdtya ia month, at I p.
m„ in K. P, Hall.
Noble Qraad—A. Btggt
R. 8ec.~Blittr Prtee     '
• Meet «t Altllot Halt tte.
•ad tad t^lrd llnadayt la
tttl Mitk.
Joia M. Weodt, Secretary.
rnntn. Bog «7.
XMIOBtl OF FTTHIAI
p.m. In Their own Kit, v^
torii Avtaat.
c c,, j, connti
M. t/f, Jas. Mtddteoa.
...... «pi*iv>-n«wuuwi
XWALOMlftOF
Ueete eveiTMotdiy at
7:!W»p, ffl.laK.ofP. I Uii.
Dfetator, f, Vt. Ntwniatn.
t, 0, Mtata.
ate vt**.** » #  *.
m -
•VNiVI
MIS  jUfc
11 IMt 91
tim.M
Jtfe itpii—H. gwat ywm ^
Rtttrvt ttm tttt
i«iti»itt
i • • • * i * • i
Wlii!
rn.ii
1711.18
tft.lt
Sakoce carried dotfa
ttw^^wbttw
mt.tt
**♦# * e • * t *»•■»#»■»»*»•»* *
tun 79
►.19
IftmvWULUlAi.
•ocunoir
Uir ftmm u**, if*,
m, meets In ttt K. P. lha
*•-**» *4*» *w«MUb ntmnn m
mtb tomb it I p. ■.
«»S. J. MtOOW. W. 91.
W. OM, Bottomry.
•w-**nm*tmmmm*m*tmki**i^a*va0^^
LOTAL OBAMCUOtt*
Vbrmm b*t» lttt. Kttt
«<*•«{;R*i mmm
tblrt *M.t wrtmtng ot fieft
it tmtwron, w. u*
^i THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., FEBRUARY 20,1915,
Page SEVEN
")
Beware of
Imitations'
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard
Liniment
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc,
CURLING
Rocks and Brooms
Best {quality only
Snowshoes
In great variety
JRepori of International
Board Member
J.D. QUAIL
Hardware and* Furniture
'Phone 37
FERNIE
b. a
Full supply el. following
for an appetising meal te
chooie from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambrldg* Itus'
sues for tomorrow's brssk.
ttet.    ■■■  '
Ct'.L OR PHONI
I
Calgary Cattle Go.
Pbont II Wood Itrttt
PIRNII, I, C
P. Carosella
WhoteMte Liquor Dealer
-.',.. Letbbridge, February 15, 1915.
To "the Officers and Delegates, Twelfth'Annual Convention District 18, United
iMlne Workers of America     *
Greeting:—,   . ' "
';Iu submitting my report to you this year, I -do so fully realizing tbe responsibilities tbat rest on the shoulders of every delegate, as well as officers and
members of our District generally.
True, each one of us should be striving dally to better our conditions. However, no matter what we do the period just -prior to negotiating an agreement
i/framgbt witb anxiety. . '
* 1, note the local' press, particularly the .Lethbridige Herald, is apparently
greatly -concerned with our welfare, and on January 15th, in their first oolu-mn,
they remind their readers that we -would be in session today; possibly fearing
Secretary-Carter might -forget to issue the Convention Call.
The tone of their article reads so much like the usual award of an indepen--
dei^t chairman'that no miner should be in doubt as to their impartiality.
You are all aware of the many official changes which have taken place in
our organization during the life of our present -agreement, lt wiould hardly be
proper for me to make any comparison of the capabilities of the various administrations, suffice to say, regardless of tbe personnel of any administration tlieir effort® would avail but little without the support of their constituents; hence your co-operation is absolutely essential at tbls time.
Our Demands
Our Locals will present tbe suggested cbanges required by them to this Convention, and same will bave to be very carefully considered.
Whilst fully appjfeclatlng working conditions throughout the District, as well
as America and Canada generally,.I feel that owing to certain things that have
happened during the past three years we must review some of them at least.
Ben-tley^s Decision, the Coal Creek and.Michel Yardage Decision and the Carbondale -make-up decision, are anjong some of the masterpieces.
Owing to the decision of Mr. Dentley our District has a condition unlike any
oUier District in the U. M. W,.of A.. In other Districts .where -the miners
are "made-up" they receive precisely the same wage as -a miner who works
company work, wn-llst we have the miners taken to do company work receiving
$3.30 per day, and the miners in a "make-up" place, $?.00 per day.
In the presentation of our case re Yardage Dispute, ex-President Smith -cer-
ta-ittly had all the weight of evidence; citing various authorities, text books;
ami presenting plans in order that the case might'be made intelligible ibo the
legal mind of the arbitrator. In this case facts wero rutli'lessly ignored; precedents and previous awards thrown*fco the wind's without cognizance.
Strange and inconsistent though it may appear to the naturally biased mind
, of a miner, wben President 'Phillips presented four or five cases recently to a
Circuit Court Judge, the learned gentleman, in order to support his award,
which was as usual against -us, went -back as far as .1908 to cite what ha. considered a precedent, hence tbe independent chairmen are as harmonious as a
tune full of discords in their ways of doing business; but tuey scarcely ever
vary in the grand finale,,for we .find that out of the vast number of oases that
have been presented to the so-called Independent chairmen, very few awards
have been in our favor.
Many -complaint's have been lodged with the Minister of Labor and others
by your presidents, past and present, against certain -men acting as /independent chairmen, seeking, if possible, men conversant with coal mining tfof such
work, but as yet we have not been heeded, hence the mode of settling disputes, -possibly more than anything else, certainly needs changing this time.
I will not make any further comment in my report, but will voice my sentiments in Convention.
General Work
I have tried to assist my colleagues at all times in furthering tbe work of the
organization; most of my time has been spent In tbe District, but owing to
tho distance to travel, quite a little time is taken up by Attending International
Hoard meetings.
International Board Meetings
■j—I-imT*e^ttended-^iHhese~mi^ngsr^
forced to lose, o-.vlr.p to being away up at the Brazeau Mines negotiating a
contract, aud not receiving word in time. However, as it happened it was
well tbat I did not attend, because it was only a short special board meeting,
and we -were extraordinarily buey in the District at the time, owing to being
short-handed, and ibo.Hllloreet Disaster and.Enquiry happening at -this time,
I was forced io negotiate tiie final agreement for the -Brazeau Mines alone.
Hence, as already stated, mf absence from tbe one board meeting was warranted.
It li neither customary nor proper to detail tbe work of the International
Hoard, so I will pass on.
Diitrict Boar<j Meetings.
I have attended aU tbe said meetings but one, wliich I tailed to attend- owing
to being forced to keep my bed Just at the time. I was extremely sorry tbat
I was unable to attend said meeting, because the Hlllcrest Mines were idle at
the time, owing to what was considered u violation or .want of contract. -1
might add that said Coal Company at that time sought to evade the agreement
and when tanen to task, played up the compensation cases of the widows left
by reason of tue explosion, feinting liquidation, etc. I feel myself that, whilst
tt mny be said everything Is fair In war, nevertheless said action was rather
!« contemptiole way of forcing thulr side of tbe -case, Inasmuch as they recognized no man wishes to be placed in the position whereby lt might be said of
u.in, that his action deprived widows and orphans of their oompenwtion.
Some criticism might be offered In this convention owing to certain actions
taken by the Hoard, particularly with reference to the Unemployed scheme,
iv..lch some (ew Imaxlue und claim was a -political move on tlio part of tbe
officers. Lot me assure you, the Board has nothing to be ashamed of owing
to wtiwte, 1 nm rwtdy and willing to nn*wcr both tho lionoat juid shallow'
minded crlUf for tbe pnrt I pljiy-cd In th?. Iloafd ivbui ibis * soU-me van]
launched.
I have done whatever I could to atelstMn organising both Inside and outside
our Dittrict. I say Insldo* because recently In visiting a Local, wblch wae at
rather low ebb, It wae found necessary to get the Secretary of the Local and
the Cheekwi-.lgh.mati to »lgn the checkoff.
-Secretary Carter and myself organised a Local in the Urniesu, and wben
i doing to It was distinctly understood tbat no attempt would bc made to noso-
ttate an agreement for two or ihree months.
later Brother Carter, tlraliam tnd -myeelf attempted to negotiate an egret-
ment with the romp-any. but unfortunately failed. We fully realised tlie
swkv.'!udn<M**s of the situation there. The men were In a camp over too milw
irom tbe main line; tomu of the men did not approve of the attitude of the
officers at the time, however, we ronaldered we were doing ihe bett thing for
all concerned, .   u .     *     ,        . .
The mine* won- thtn laid Idle, and as prevlomly stated owing to certain
ing -some'-little apathy, it became my lot to open up the discussion of the
question of relief for the unemployed. Our official organ has kept you posted
with tbe various meetings, etc., subsequent to that time, suffice to say, some
little has been accomplished, but I fear -more will have to be done if the
authorities "wish to keep us out of the European War zone.
The attitude of a few individuals In said convention was really astonishing,
evidently their petty .political jealousies so .warped- their minds that tbey feared anything even resembling a miner was going to decapitate them. I cannoi
pretend to explain^the reasons for all the actions of some of the miners' representatives. One individual, who like many others, evidently has lofty
aspinatiops (but in his case the realization of them are as far away as Tip-
perary) .wro^e up the work-of the convention for the "B. C. Federaiionist."
Had be -stayed with the truth nothing would have -been said, but in his anxiety -to slate District IS, and more especially a section of Us members, trutb
bad to take second place. Said report appeared during the time I was away
ih the States, during November and DecenubeT, otherwise the Federationlst
may have been reproducing one or two interesting letters.
(Constitutionally we are bound to affiliate wit-h such provincial bodies, hence
j it ibehooves the miners to take a hand in making this body a live wire.
Rocky Mountain Association Convention
A joint report of this Convention by Brother Herman Elmer and myself is
sub-niii'tted for your approval.   I -trust you will not overlook the necessity oi
this convention passing certain resolutions as suggested in order that the next
International Convention will have to handle same.'
Accidents
We naturally deplore the all ioo-frequent accidents -which happen from time
to time iu our midst. The Hillcrest explosion tore from our midst many ot
cur stalwart fighters. Their families need all the sympathy and attention that
this cruel world can give. Xo deed however commendable cnn counteract the
loss sustained by the many widows, parents and other relatives. We sincerely
hope that the scant consideration called for by law, namely compensation, will
be paid to most of ;he dependants without litigation. Xo doubt Secretary
Carter will make a roport on this matter.
Again we commenced the present year with an explosion at Coal Creek.
The only fortunate feature In connection with same was that 'the mine was
idle, otherwise we know uot what wfluld have occurred.
The loss of M-ine Inspector Evan Evans, who was one of au exploration
party, ls to be deplored. Naturally .many wonder how he caine to lose his
life whilst wearing the apparatus used in B. C, for mine rescue work. Having
in mind the death of Fred Alderson at Bellevue, the condition of some of the
rescuers at Hlllcrest, and again this party at Coal Creek, I feel this matter
should receive special attention during tbe enquiry re tbe B North Explosion,
as well as the cause of the accident. Evidently in this case lt is not the fault
of a miner, as there was no one in the mine.
Accidents should and must he lessened and it behooves each* Ivocal to rigidly
inquire into the cause of all fatal and non-fatal accidents with a view to minimizing same, .
Visiting Locals
Visiting the various Locals from time to time as I have been able to do
bas afforded me great pleasure. However, too many meetings are being held
on Sunday to make a rapid tour of the District. I had intended covering as
many Locals as -possible during the last faw weeks prior to this Convention,
however, I have only abou-t half completed the task; the National Board'Meeting convening as it did on February 2nd prevented me visiting any more.
I have and will endeavor to the best of my ability to keep our membership
posted as to the important happenings in cur organization.
The District Ledger
The Ledger cause* the officers quite a little work, the policy of the -paper,
having to -be^carefully scrutinlxed and .many other matters incident to ils
.publication necessarily entail -considerable attention.
I have 'been pleased to hear many of our members complimenting tbe Ledger
upon its educational value, and trust they will continue to support it The
■present is a poor time, I know to solicit subscriptions, but those not already
subscribing would do well to get on the list as early as possible, thus helping to maintain the most progressive ipa-per in the west, from an industrial
standpoint.
We must remember that maintaining this standard costs money, hence you
have to consider whether the financial loss (if any) of the 'past yea?, and
^^lB-the-mors-!ike5y--In<3^asedMo^^ue-to^hT^*rortiroT"MVeKi»lng, is not
fully offset by the tendency o^our paper to promote a more intelligent understanding of tbe working class movement among our membership.
United Mine Workers' Journal
We should also remember the above -paiper Is now issued in magazine form,
and has made a very commendable appearance. The Journal now appears in
three languages thus catering to a much larger proportion of our membership. Every member should read tlie Journal In order to familiarize himself
with the conditions In other Districts.
Policy of Our Organization
During the past fow months many of our members have seriously questioned the advisability of our organization maintaining Its present policy. The
advantages and disadvantages of "sectional strikes" have ibeen fully discussed,
I agree with those who state that we have to adopt new methods If we wish to
accomplish some of the many tasks which need undertaking at present. How*
ever, In -fairness to our International Organisation, let me explain briefly that
their work which may appear slow, has been going on all the time. The policy
of the present administration, endorsed by International Convention, as been
to carry tbe organization Into the unorganized districts, and coiwlderable success has been met iwlth In this respect.
llie numerical strength of the organisation has wonderfully increased during the last two years, Our experience during the past has brought me to
the conclusion that drastic changes In policy must be made.    To this end wo
ourselves, nevertheless if we can in any way assist the Ohio people -who
are so valiantly battling against the giant corporations, struggling through
the depth of winter, by all means let us do so.
We cannot help but despise the attitude of certain ex-officials of our organization, who are evidently preying upon the little confidence they still
enjoy with the hope of inducing the Eastern Ohio men to return to work on
the masters' terms. My judgment may be hasty, however I can oniy imagine
a hireling of the capitalist class engaging in such nefarious practices. 1 am
sure I am voicing the sentiments of our entire membership in wishing our
Eastern Ohio brotbers-every success in their titanic struggle.
European War
In order to be up-to-date, it will not be -proper for me to conclude my report without commenting uppn the much discussed subject—War. I believe
this Convention should go on record in uo uncertain manner decrying some.
Let our language be so plain that ambiguity and misconstruction will be.
impossible. We must remember the city we are meeting in seems lo hold
tiie record for detaining aliens, pro rata with its population. We roust also
remember the recent warning of the British Government to Socialists and
others in Ureilt Britain, wherein they state in part "Any action tbat may be
CONSTRUED to mean the attempting to keep men from enlisting, will be
considered a treasonable offence." Hence, let us not attempt to keep any
men from going to the front, but by all means induce the present flag-wavers
and oratorical spellbinders (who would like to go, but ) to go to tbe front
When we see such characters let them understand that, if they went to the
front themselves, they would possibly induce a greater number to enlist than
by slaying at home flag-waving.
However, I feel that there Is no law to prevent a, number of sane and scibetp-
uiliided individuals, who happen to be useful members of society, from expressing their, abhorrence and demonstrating to the worker? at large, especially
in view of the cosmopolitan make up of our organization, that we liave no
quarrel whatsoever with one another. The only 'thing that will cause,tbe
cosmopolitan proletarian to go to war is the capitalist holding on to that
which does not rightfully -belong to lilm. The worker when driven to tba*
poimt by education and intelligence will not cease fighting until every parasite
is annihilated.
1 am sorry that Herman JSliner and other members of our organization have
been Interned as prisoners of war; mon- so \v.:en I ihink of the insidious and
unmanly action of the party who laid Information against Elmer. Needless
to srate his solemn obligation to his brother man was immediately .set aside
when he felt he had a chance of co-urtlnp .the favor of his masters by causing
the removal of a scholar like Brother Elmer.
Conclusion
In conclusion, let nie state that the relationship of the officers as well as the
Executive Board, has been of a most cordial nature. 1 wish to take .this opportunity of thanking my colleagues, an-d the membership generally for their
kindly assistance. Further, let me state I fully .appreciate the confidence
reposed in me by again electing me for another term, and whilst a minority
may hold the opinion that a man has to pamper and cajole his fellow men
for votes, such is not my policy.
■My earnest hopes are that every question will receive the consideration It
deserves; that the delegates will all assist the President in prooierly conducting thp Convention. That interchanges of opinion will not savor of personalities and that our judgment will be calm and deliberate. Let us not 'be un-
mindful of our duties to -those who sent us here, and let our work be such
that It will not only redound to our credit, but tliat it will be felt throughout
the organization.    With best wishes, I am,
Yours fraternally,
/ DAVID REBS,
International Board Member.
REPORT OF DELEGATES TO  THE  ROCKY
CONVENTION
MOUNTAIN  ASSOCIATION
Tbe Convention was called to order by President Drinnan at 10 a.m., May
25th, 1914.   The following districts were represented: Montana, three disk"
gates; Wyoming, three delegates; Vancouver Island, one delegate; Colorado,
one delegate; Washington, four delegates, aod District 18, two delegates.
I_JIhB_CgnvenMonjulj©urned-U!I-iO.O©^^^
Colorado and Wilkinson, Montana, time to arrive and participate in the deliberations -of the convention.
The second doy session was called to order by tbe President at 10 a.m. The
call for convention was read by the secretary, also an explanation given why
It bad been necessary to postpone the Convention from the ith to the 25th of
May.
The secretary read IiIb report to the Convention, which stated tbat at tbe
last Convention of the abo\e body, Harlin of -Washington, aud Wilkinson of
Montana, had been delegated to Interview the representatives of the coal
operators of Washington, Montana and Wyoming re the formation of an Inter
state Joint Conference with the aforementioned Districts in 19H. Needless
to say the operators bad refused (o entertain this move,
Reference wns made In the Secretary'* report of the strikes on Vancouver
Island and.Colorado, In which he emphasized that we must win these strikes,
but no solution was offered as how to accomplish this end.
A commltteo of six was elected to go over the Secretary's n-port and bring
in some recommendation!,.
Al. the third day's session tli« coniinlttee brought In tlieir report, which was
dlscusied pro anil con.
Filially a resolution wnn Introduce-! railing on our next International Convention to try and make arrangement* for the expiration of all contracts ot
the V, M. VV. of A. ut the same time, and to change the date of the expiration
should frame'stronVre^ same from the Spring of tlm year to the Fall.    Thl* was carried.
I»ry deeds, fJtvetrlM. Uwott aad
Mott. Cleats' FMraUblat*
BAKER  AVENUE
■RANCH AT HOSMMt, B.C.
quarter* and further wo oujrht to use the Ledger nn.1 the Journal, especially
tbe latter, seeing It Is widely read In other Districts, in order that wt< may
prepare the Listeria! attending the next.International Convention for th* tusk
which confronts thom.
Auditors
I am prompted to suggest a slight chango in th-' nuuimr of auditing our 1)1*
trict account*. I feel convinced thit St would be unwise to adopt the method
ouce decided upon—I.e., that two members be elected for mild position by referendum virtu. I believe we Hhould tiuiiiiuilii the ptesnnt policy of having a
obartered accountant audit our books annually, but In order that the utrtetc*;
surveillance possible might be mude, I would august that the Convention Appoint two men who have the aeceasary qualification* for tlie work, to au.!it
tite books of tbe Secretary-Treasurer land If -ponstble, the L*dgen annually.
Our auditor* to audit after Uie close of tlie half year In June; the chart*nd
accountant to audit nfter tbt* ilon* ot the tiaenl venr In \*iw>!tif.< r T-w
thole year.
| In order tbat there be no mlmifldmtanriing, tbe Mm In brief, of two m«*m-
I bern auditing annually, Is xo that tliey can quoC-tin iny Item which may <»p-
j pear In tbe accounts to b<> extravagant or uneallH for; the <Inrtir«d »<-
j countant naturally do** not iiuest'.nn why moult» nre »p«>m no Ions tu thrv an-
Omnkbtm CuukH Be Cuwd
SttS-wiil *tttj!n'vmi»m^mJ^i(jmMiVji'mHli Qt*
■lm
circumstance* In th# District, I bad to leave for the ftraseau alone toward thit
end of Jtae. It wat rather t dUfleoh talk; tbt -temp was awkward to tp-! <My credited or debited, snd bave corn»*pohtllng voucher* ami receipts. Th*
proaeb owln* to the regular trains being discontinued. However, after j auditors appointed by Convention could In tbls way note the annua! exi-wadi-
tevtral day* dleciiwlbn. local meetings and conference* with the company of! '"re*, and I am of the opinion some wi«h plnn would meet wiih th« Rfinni
IWtIs, 1 succeeded to obtaining tn tgwtment wbkb wa* awpted by the ma- j tppiwral of our membership. My Men would b* It *om« tebtme *»* aiiopi
Jorlty Of ttte »et». <**'. to Hill adhere to our prwnt practice; tin* K»»cn>t iry-Trp a»UTf to 'ir.
HaW agreement did not by any metnt -contain all our demands, but having | * quarterly *taU«a*nl to !*>c«l I'nlon*. and tbe Manwr of ih<» Udftcr pr»-p-in*
ia mind the brnttnu priie* p«ld In ediacent ramp* have npou prt-m for n n«w n nmirterljr *!«!«-mi»nt for tlu- l>;*trP*t Kxicuilv.- Ikwnl.
tnmp, I tan In to war aibamcd of It.
Accompanied hy Vlw-Prerident (Intltam. and another time *te»», I did what
I wwtM *i» -»ff»-ttlf# tb« ltnt!»k*ll**r nte'rki!. Is «*li IMttftft ttw« arc mm)
toot m«i who are ttsioa* to areai*!**, but w%*n l*tt to UH^ntiHre* the m-
d.lferttit r$e t«iit tbat w« sometime* find in new camps, neemed to dominate
ever tbe ether*, rowwqoontly the orgtntistten is not MtaSi|«hwl tbere, in
many of tbem n*w -ramps, men rowj-rtn-f-PTJttj* |«f ttong, ott Vmrn tolerating
-t-atiHg and wtttfdnt aeeommodtrlen unfit for hnmsn bHng*, xtnt',1 *nddenly the
Jarring note of a big slash In price* rearhw their i»ar*—It Is (hen tbe, !Hrr:<i
* Wtnt. »-  .,*,'»««->,*   ,*■****;*   .*;*,*.        *  V*
■■■tl f h*r* wet <fW*M nn* etX*** *t**t**p*. «n tb* V^i^mt. rMC --n,1 n , - v,t\ •• -
Ifmr ottteettt itettAett not to attempt to fwH*r orgs Kite ifctl field at -prceeal
for NMMWt thlefc will Imi explained to tilt ttmtmtttm.
Viee-rrveMent Ur»bem feat ttaltM other rempe. hen** few wtll, no doubt,
deti were folly wltk thi* miction.
| total Strikes
■     Tli* iwlN'V t' It* l!J.*#rBS-tl«»-.'» Hrfm'tit'.lw:, ■*-■ is* »t« i..***,, ,,» uim<(«?i
I ably oppoiwl <« strike* In rlo!»tr*wn of wmtr*<r»      How Mir. ln »:«-* «.' f«<
I arrogant *i«»I nrWtrary ir-Muwmi itn-:<-d out io oar m-xn by d:fter*.M wm;Mii ' imntfr-i',htel>  *>*' ti-i
i (es, logMJiir with the Metr-rUmble *-Nlon* of no-m11*t1 Inftewttftent fh;»teft)«''<» ' b<"<H'<£ in mivf t,:*"i
'.h- ;.;'.*
Another rcHoliitlon, i .illiiu the aikmluii of all urn-mUnl builte* to the Colorado mid Vancouver lalund mrlke situation, uiul asking for fitiatidnl a»nl»taiice,
wag al**) carried,
'The attention of the ll-k-jjatt-s ua* culUnl lo a blii ptewiited before the
Cured State* Congress by CongrMRiuan Hryan of Wanhington. providing aa
n tioltitlon to tbe Colorado -strike *ltuntloii, thfit llw government take over the
Mines and operate aame on bobaif of tl><» pijople, A motion was offered and
rnrr'inl that tlio'dcleiiate* to the Kocky Mountain Awwlation favor the Bryan
lllll.
It wns dHiilwl lhal the inxt Com dim !on of llu- Affsocbitiou be, held Jn Ib-n*
ver, Colorado, iu 1UIG.
Tlifi.'old off hi r* at re i-kctiu u> acclamation.
I:i ^ummliig up the work «! tin- Convention, ymir itelciute* ar* (oreml tt*
male they faite! to «<-«• the m-icuMty for railing wanu*. a* nothing ba* been
t*„i nt'i'nmii'tt>.,-' in "•'*-< hwiy •!.■,• ,.**--*i .-, ,« !.,■■  \.x, .„ ^Stl ^ ;^t, Mi.uu* 1W
; irIH* tliHiHMlK* without going to the i-xiwit*" of wimIIii* Aflvmle* io }«e*til»<.
HowiniT. In lino with tlie iirr»ti«#• m**n'* m.nl«' st? tbt* '*->*>■ fV»»vrn»|'*»;, !t wn.
i almottt n-rr*f Hunry to iim-h In ordir to i-wlve th*- report of the committee wh-n
i liiterv|«**i'*I tlie. coal operator* of VVimhlnetoti, Montann ainl Wiomlnf. Al*
. thougb xuitr n-flfvn'** bt'tort' jrn'n? w*r* nt <h** *>j»!*tk*n flrat fiotlilas eoald b#
; in'complisli-i'd In this Commtioii, lii vtew nt th«« fa*t th»t th*» fntemtato movfu'
\ ifi«-i*t or th«« b!ng«'» DlMtriMs iuul finli-il io iw»«!«!|iiii< <ontract# nn in itttwrafato
: btsdj ti:ls jeir. Further, i? will Ih* ttotlivd t!*rr i* no t'onvvntloti m.tt yent.
j VV«- an- »l»o <>f Jlie o^'nlOn tliat iber-c »i!l bt* riwlitu* tlofng hi thmver, t'oto*
r:i-*.-», !:i t!'.<*. ,t m"*- «, "!*-' lii't-riuitiar -.' t'ltiA* ailut* i.ti***** di-Mnte art ion opon
' tlm matter,
The only f«4::<#n»wi«*iHk„iii(i ot »i»y \nl.u- m tin- r< <t'>i'ilt»«, "'» ht* anHnh'tteA ♦»
■i nit* um ini-vMiAllontii Cont imi tbvn, *«iirit****»iii» i<» <b*a? body, ihst nil onr I'M*-
t
I Uht agfw-rftH-'niw <<kt»Iv*« *>»> <'■»-»'• nfi'l ttt* .tttt* .'alf, ttn-1 lit Uv F.tH Umt^atl ot
11*,*' oittmn ot in*' ymer,
•     >$••«>•' ttfifit t**** *o*at'» fit f<» t'-.*' '*""*' - *-ti-iT iff? *'-,:-• •;ti.,»*.-r  '.,.   t*l»t;« tip
l»!*'r!'',!»* * imiiflrit-i:  tin- ll*;,«'l>y   .llaai.tjilii  A*«arlal*hNl,
ri'if, in  mi!"! r:.-!- :iv utr,.* n,*ir ■ .>'! M« al»r. t. VVyuui'i;**. ai;.J  VV-»kbltt«*UMi
U*# -aon'ter 1* Ibex a,* lew ,^**at',t-ti*t nrrnrrt'-i tiitrlnt Ih • !*f-   i-f ;li- ;.;',.**, :i'. ' ,\,,.,*< w«i.. i..-t„* ',» ih- Ktli wl ttm* *'•..-% ai*d 'h« agrt-emrnt of l»»«trki So.
tgreomeat. J ix i \ii|n-« in M:,:-fh   t'.U',. un-i -hi' b;; i --.-riimi Ui»»«* tunir IK^trlit* ttottM
The eiBpb»j«T. eatn-nehed a* be i*. mu -fN>r*l*t In bin «'!omlc<*H-rIng surtitdt' j p<-rb,i.!i* be nbU* to ni-sotl*tf »-sit«tni'B** -m-hit-h wumttt «"i«»tr#- »» «-*#* **** tht,
****** *>t**h »"• !■*>■'■■* ■t-i* **■*   -9   .*   t * ■ ^ ;:     ,„.,., it,  ,,,     .„,,,,„«,,(, t,,,K¥Hi- ,s4i«-, Hi*tf».t tii **)itu% auttiHt't t*m )tMt* tor tor lo\rvt*mtwtml t'emtmo.
mnt frtfutlvte* irrnn* km h* r»w*t*'n«»i»^ »,.,. *,,t      p,.r.,, •*.<■»,  * t,   • ,-
nerer afford to ullow nnyem* to t*wi*1M» ttway our r!ab' u, *tr!ki, \>,i.u>***
erode *nd barbaric though our nwibcd of striking miv l»f, n ."-tk,--* mor*
terror to tit* heart i pocket-bookt et -our m»*?#r, tban tb* imt* of our *bi»*t\
mm, preventing onr *uins of ■» dispute
tamtmt- t*h>,* ,* ■».*.» ., -w ,.m„.,*. ..":,,* V. 5 t* fe *-.M U»u ^ m^
the !lrtr*r»»t*r.B»l Crmn-r-tterr p-»!«* «r till* im-mm,* Itelmv tbi» lllstritlt «*«•»
'■**!* A'***.
toe aiu
ttm«2LL.
ttmFmtttlmfbm
*m%$
IM** «*»'•
tt^^mtnaaa
ii*ta*
aKffV8
.   o^m* t^-tf wBW
m^9^^^^m^i^9
«: ramm lath im ■tamatmatlm,
*..
9**9 *
I, 1
Smulom
■ ■*'■   mm**
**-m •»***■*»
a ** t »♦«,-
.,,' 99i't*9,y,i9'i ». Z. r^-**.******* ** -MMtw* ! -oihor fttrttet
ll fell to my let to atlettd tMt cotfwtlOK tt t tmjmtmutttw ot otr iHttrlet     ogr iM«ra*iloii«l or^afiatteB bas h*d Itt t3»#r* ot ntfMr* m*n:l>     Tfer
unntmtto Bmn.    Tht Ittk. I mn nnmm yot. w»t aot sa tnvleHle one. .mils, j Wttorf ^ lhe Colorado ttrfki> plainly n tet«* fhe r«t tbsi l»r#*y#»t Wmoinm
tag. at *rt did, tkat tlw Vtuwattr ittnot wta wert eiaaiowrimi for a g»a*rah wilwn'. wl*b« were subservient to th« wkloui end *!##lr«.» of Jaba i», jr.
ombr tn tbittnn fotoajte, aad banag la t*'*« nm irmtmm, tke f*et of tBt w, all imply dupior* ik* toa* of ami »ik» Umi* Tnuss, thr tsrwt, »ho *a*
wtriet c«terlftg part of llrltltl t!«laitW* tad Alkerta. tht aaftvorahle tomi.' hmuily amrd*r»d «a c«M mot. «h«»t * primecr    lit. nttim In api»*Mtt«
lnaat»t(c^ w#fttt tiwpositloii t*bwi npby tmr hnwhwa en tb* UHmA writ not w t,txn Utoo'if.i'.i'aty .'.>»iau4vvLj, mU> w»h- i««*»mih.-<v tr«<m ine iini»fT*«r3d to at:
.Dm imrmt sttlWdt Uttdopl.  I tiled It ttlMw* tht vttwpoiat of tht tmumjm *■««•» fW the evptoftral for garters tm tb* t*ton**\mt worn*** tttrf
tVv*ra as mratlAlf m* *«»*»!# Ia wrdW to ereM *mm** anS mtemtmrnmnttm, ? ,'jm^u ui, i^;u*. **t* Mid^wUy «*•*«•* ffiaiiaal tr ijvtt^aaat I.S'wtet
I a«d W t*W* mmMn detdrtt« f«91 m*m I «t«. i«vtt«t the report I and* to j mt. hts m«r4mr.   We *l*o **!>■<** tb* torn ot mr wtmm, mUmn t«d m-
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a mu Page EIGHT
DMTWCOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., FEBRUARY 20,1915.
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SPECIAL 5 to 50 cent SALE
Commencing Saturday February 20 and
Continues for one week
o
Our toy Dept. on the second floor will be alive with good values. We have gone through our entire stock and picked money savers from
same. You will find in this assortment, Crockery, Enamelware, Tinware, Brushes, Cutlery, Kitchen Utensils, Stationery, Smallwares, Ladies'
and Children's Hosiery, Towels, Pillow Cases, Gloves, Mitts, Ladies' Aprons, Ladies' and Children's Felt Slippers. A special feature of this
Sale is that all goods will sell at from 5 to 50 cents. Goods are all taken from our regular stock and not brought in especially to run a
cheap sale.     You will tind exceptional good values throughout, and it will certainly .pay you to visit this floor.
Dry Goods Dept.
PAY DAY SPECIALS
Pongee Silk
In a good quality; very suitable for men's Shirts,
ladies' and children's waists and dresses.     Comes
in natural shades only.     Regular, 40e. yard.
Pay Day Special 25c. yard
27 inch Flouncing Embroidery
Made on an extra fine quality cambric; makes
dainty dress underskirt, pinafores, ete.   Regular.
-.me,"TxnueryaTci;                         ~      " "
Pay Day Special , 25c. yard.
Flannelette
Comes in an extra soft finish; just thc thing for
e-hildrcn's wear.    A  lug selection of patterns lo
ehootic from.     Also pink and pale blue.
Pay Day Special 12%-c. yard
Children's Heavy Stockings
Thew are extra strong and will stand the rough
itHluMVl wear; fast black; sizes. 5 lo 10.
Pay Day Special 25c. pair
Ladies1 Ready-to-Wear
Department
Ladies' White Blouses
Whilo Lingerie Minuses, nicely trimmed wiflh laee
mid embroidery; high and low neck; regular value.
42.25 lo 14.50.
Special    $1.75
Ladies' Cloth Dresses
Ten l'loth Dresst's in very good style; wine iu
Bedford enrrt. serge and shepherd plaid.   Sizes. II!
l«i l\H,    Regular priff, ♦ 12.50 to -+1i..'i0.
Saturday 8pecial   $8.50
Ladies' Petticoats
Ijuilies' Petticoats, of good quality -of moire; eome
iu narrow mul wide floum-en, blaek, navy, gray,
drown and i-open.     Regular, $1.00
Special    65c.
Ladies' Trimmed Bate
25 Trimm-cd Hutu go nu Sale Saturday.   Value
from $G.iV) to flO.no.
Special   $3.00
Infants' Bonneta
Infant'* It-finii-t-iti' in hear cloth, *ilk   wlvi«t nnd
Angora wool.    All Half Priee.
Footwear Special
I'lmriiiH ml* ot LiidhV Felt Hook* Slipper* at
roek Imltiiin |iri<H<M. lien- is a nhanee lo pr-oettiv a
pair of warm and c-omfortalile »li|»p<*r* in a large
vnripty of *iyh%
iligh <-iii K.hh.'o Slipper*, in w»i>ral e»him. I*ri«'«-»
Up ttt bi.Vx,
Special Pay Day Price ............ Mc.
Wl-fW! <»r it*3th*»r v»f<* -Hlippw*.    iVt^-en up to *1.
Special Pay Day Price 65c pr.
Men * J-.-It H..u«- Slip|..-r* tu i* U!■).'<• variHy of
Style*.      Vth'en up Ui $\"tit.
Special Pny Dey Pike 75c. pr.
m-im-l  tet**lt* t*r'*.,*.,*ra  f*tr,t*\ l(\ * l\ Ot,
Special Pay Day Priee    WW pr.
Ilirt** ami Youth** la** wml button Ifontsr, mmm
awl swviewible: hard wearing; ***** 8 tn 10%
!*riw* up tn 12,25.
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A Few of the Special
Lines we are Showing
Ladies' Lisle Hose, regular 25c 15 pr.
Ladies' Cashmere Hose, regular 35c 25c. pr.
Turkish Towels, regular 20c. each 15g. each
"Galvanized CoalTlmls. regular 75c  50c.
Coal Shovels, regular lac 10c.
Carpet Tacks, regular 5c. pkt 2 for 5c.
Scrub Brushes, regular S5e 20c.
Scrub Brushes, regular 25e.
Bnami-e-l Tea Pots, regular 05e.
15c.
■15c.
Kuainel Stove Pot*, regular 75c ;... 50c.
Knamel Potato puts, regular
Brown Tea Pots, regular fi."
50c.
45c
Brown Tea Pets, regular 40c 25o.
Smallware Specials
Pin Sheets, regular 5c sheet  2 for 5o.
N'eedles. regular 5c. pkt 2 for 5c.
Boxes Hair Pins, regular 5c 2 for 5c.
Bunch Tape, regular 10e 2 for 15c.
Press Studs, regular 5c. card 2 for 5c.
Bone Hair Pins, regular 10c. card 5c. card
Shoe Laces, regular Inn, ring. .       .    .     Rn flng
Safety Pins, regular oc. card 2 for 5c.
Shoe Laces, regular 5c. pair 10c. dos.
Leather Goods
Regular 50c. Bill-folds and Purses 25
Regular 75c. Coin Trays   50
Regular 25c. Bill-folds 15
Regular 75c. Belts 45
Regular 05c. Belts 35
Regular 65c. Suspenders 40
Regular 40c. Shaving Brushes ,    .20
Regular 25c. Silk Armbands ...........    .20
Regular 15c. pkg Bachelor's Buttons 10
Rogular 10c. Cambric Handkerchiefs 05
Regular 25c. Pad Garters • 20
Regular :i5e. Blk. Sa-teen Sleeve-protectors   .20
Make Your Dollars Work-Buy
Specials iu our^Meris Dept.
A few dollars used wisely rovers more of your requirements tlron^hrieu the amount spent carelessly.
Wo have arranged a display of men's and boy'*
nccosasitie* at prices that cannot fail to eonvinee
you of the money saving opportunities lieing offered
thin week. '.   ' * T
In Our Men's Department Will be Shown the
Following:
-Men'a Xcgiig-v-e Shirts, Work Shirt*. Sox, Ntrkw-wr,
Working Glove*.
Men's ami Jtoy*' Ktuqiciulers. Sweaters.
Hoys' OvewHs, OiM IVints. \V»rk Shirts. *
Leather floods and Suit Case*.
The tfaattb line* will be nold ntranlliwi of «• wt.
Don't fail to mo theae Hp<M'iaU. they represent a
great saving to yon,
Spring it Here-You Veed a Suit
W<» have in irtihk a w»»ll lutl^t-ml lot of S-rgen,
Wiirnteili anil Twcwla, ranging in |»ri«?e fitim btliJ-Q
tn #25.00
Wa ami al«w taking meaaurfa for Kf>ring t'loihing
m»nnla»,i*ir«rl by lh«» w^lknown firm* of •h** *^>th
I Vntujy Clothing CV. Limited, ami Coppley, Xoyka
and Uaudall. Wc gtianiiilet* to fit you. ami do not
n«k a d«|iOMt when taking your order. We have
mt t'WimieMly gmt-d a^kvtkw f-j-tr you inn ■fhmm: hmrn.
tMi*m mnr trnrn *WM In m.tm, Onr 425.00
rangw *w a ero*krr}nek. Hae** yonr ontmr ot one*.
hu 10*1 yttti will tm nxttnAxt bote ymir «t»t iwr JMtM-w
Miinday.
wtmmmmtmtmMttm
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QROOERIES
Gold Standard Baking ]\>wde-r. 12 oz 15
Slab Fruit Cake, per lb 30
Royal Jlixe<l Candy, per lb 10
Robertson's Assorted Cream Chocolates, per lb    .30
Cowan's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin ....... •     .45
Lowney's Cocoa, 1/0 lb. tin .20
Braid's Big Pour Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs.    .75
Sterling Flavoring Extract. 4 oz., pier bottle    .20
Okanagan Peaches, 3 lbs. tin 25
Cooking Figs, per lb, '. 10
IloWirook's Kippered Herring. 2 tins 35
Sherriff's Marmalade, 4 lb. tin 60.
Crosse & Bbvckwell's Jam, 4 lb. tins*.......    ;65
Lyle'a English Syrup. 4 lb tin 36
Sneeial Blend Bulk Tea. 2 lbs. . ..' 7fi
Braid's Best Bwlk Tea, 2 lbs •• k........    .90
Okanagan Carrots. 12 lbs ._..    .25
Okanagan Beets. 12 lbs. V,.    .25
Okanagan Turnips, 1(5 Ihs 25
Okan-agan Cabbage, per lb     JOS
R-oiuc Beauty Apples, per box  .$1.40
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Dairy Butter,'per lb •• 38
Gorgonttila Cheese, per lb 40
Roquefort Cheese, per lb 35
Special Candled Eggs, per dozen 30
Picnic Hams, per lb 14
Rolled Bonned Shoulder Ham, per lb 15
Heavy Hants, half or whole, per lb 16
Smoked Halibut Killots, per lb     „15
Smoked Haddie Fillets, -per lb 17%
Smoked Salmon Fillrta, per lb 17V9
Smoke*! Cod Fillets, per lb 17%
Smoked Bloaters, per Ib 10
Fivsh Halibut, per lb ■....■ 12%
Heavy Fihre Matting
iIiinI the thing for bedroom, hall or poiv.li; Hinull
dexign, green colorings.     Regular, 75c
Special 60c, yard
•Japanese Matting Squares, nworleil pattern*:
sixes!) x 9; n*gular $2.75. at SI 'JS
Wall Burlaps, dyed green, brown or red; mie
\ard wide; regular, 40c.   Special 27%c. yd.
Plain siz-ml Burlap, one yard wide; regular :10c.
Special 20c. yd.
White enamelled iron Bed*. brsM trimmtHl; alt
size*.   Regular, ^1.75, at $2.96
Mattresses, ctirlcil wool fibre filled, cotton pad-
dnl both side*; all sizes. Regular. ♦5.50
Speeial  $4.4S
Roeken
Golden oak frame, a(>rinR>seated, uphoUtercd ia
good quality Icathtfri'tte.   Regular, $11.50.
Special $1.76
Regular *R-V».   Speoltl WW
Oo-(tertBonam
Fit'rlght over yonr «o«eari **-w»ls; wry simpl y to
put on or take off,   Regular, 50c.
Special ..,............-■•.. 80c. j»er pair
Picttirea
ljandsc»tK> scenes, »i«e 14 1 20, fr^wed in a dull
oak frame.    Big value at ♦3.75.
Special ....'.,... ,^.   ,., W-W
J*h«>-fk nlat-f. frameil li», naJwml m wltltf fwiwl
frame*,   Regnlar, 40e at —, A...,,...... r,Wt
Regular, 70e. at......................... §0c«
Window Shades
■NpH«g and hotiw efi^nltiff nr* n-early with m,
arof noir is the thne to pnrchiwe thow new shnvfes
awl sare money.
-»«   • t     •* mm   *     * • ^ ;*.*...*:
9   H9..II-I      f.. *»,'*.„       i^.^Hf,,! „*l; rr        '*-*'*      '*•* -       ** r ■* m, n.-nlr 1 .
*fi)e .HjwtM We
HefBlar TSe,. Spwiil  W
(lm*n Ahsdeo. trimmefl   with   rttmm inaeriion.
Keg1UM« ft. b* . .****■»..*.*.....'.. t... *., ■ tKAm.
Oil«l lines of shades eleerlng st Km,
t\-     .1   . 1...   - .,-*  a,.,,-,'  i** ft,t,t,Xnl tt*',.i'i*1
.*■    I  ■ -' '* .',. '      '. *.   '. '.''..'' ."      ..* , .   . .   .  - t
F&r] TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Monty Savins Prices
,..4»«*j»a. .,...*****.>»--'

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