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The District Ledger 1915-04-24

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 5 0)01,. V
fndastrial Unity t& Strength
The.Official Organ of District No. 18, D. M. W. of A.
V**      ■*
PoUtical Unity Is Victory
No. 85, Vol. Vm.
Two Divergent Views on
Investigation from Calgary
That officials of British Columbia
cities wink at the big exodus ot 'boes'
from that province to this is the belief
ot prominent officials of the C. P. R.
ln this city, who state that despite
the utmost efforts of the railway company to prevent, this un desired immigration, little cau be done at the other
end of the Hue to stop it, so that the
only thing that can be done is to notify the police at this end.
It is recognized by these officials
that the. great spring exodus of unemployed tollers from the coast cities
has started, and while every effort
ot the corporation ls ibeing exerted to
prevent them from taking the box-car
route, lt is thought to be impossible
to expect the few trainmen on a train
to handle such large aggregations of
men as were -caught the other day
here. Consequently the most that
can be done at this end is to notify
the .police. Certain dissatisfaction Is
expressed in connection with the release of a number ot workers, caught
a few days ago here by railway officials, who, belleVe that were these
men sent down for a lengthy term it
would have a deterrent effect upon the
tide of workless from the cost.—News-
Telegram, April IC.
(Instructions to Printer: Please he
I earefal»Bot-4o-ttaaspose-head!lnes«
According to a most conservative
estimate thero will be 200,000 able-
bodied young Britishers out of jobs
when the war ls ovor. Today these
young fellows are either at the front
or preparing to go there. The 'bulk
of them have given up Inside occupations to answer their country's call,
and even though their former positions are open to them after peace Is
declared and the Kitchener army has
been disbanded they will not want
them. Life in the open will have
taken such hold upon them by that
time that nothing else will satisfy.
To make provision for the future of
those fine young fellows Is a problem
that ls already occupying the attention -of hrainy men in England. One
of the suggestions made, and for which
funds are already being collected, is
to get as many of them as can be placed on the land in the United Kingdom.
It Is admitted that only a small proportion of the total can be thus disposed of, however, and Earl Grey, who Is
interesting himself ln the matter, suggests Canada and Australia for the
So' far as Canada is concerned the
suggestion will meet with favor. These
young men are not in the same class
as the retired regular army men, who
bave remained In the army so long
they are too old to be taught, new
tricks. On the contrary they will be
seasoned young fellows, already used
to roughing it an-d of just tbe type
most sure to make successes ot themselves in this country on the plains of
the west. By all means let preparation be made to place them.here and
give them t|e sort of t\n$- they so
richly deservijjB rawpfTfor their self-
gary Herald, April 16th.
Regular meetings of the Ambulance
class are now being held in the basement of the ;Methodlst Church and
great interest taken -by those attending. Lectures on topics incident to
First Aid are being delivered by Dr.
Moore of Coal Creek.
On Tuesday there were over eighty
students in attendance, and at the
conclusion of the lecture a business
meeting was held for the purpose of
making aranigements looking to the
formation of teams in order that
friendly rivalry in the work may be
W. R. W-ilson addressed the gathering and during the course of his remarks'observed that it afforded lilm
great pleasure to note the. careful attention given iby everybody to the doctor's lecture which augured well for
the success of the society.
He also announced that a movement
was on foot to Bend a picked team of
ambulance men to compete on behalf
of Canada at the Pan-American Exposition ln San Francisco. More details will be given regarding this subject as time progresses and the plans
now under way have materialized some
what more definitely.
These meetings are held Tuesday
and Thursday evenings, and all citizens are.requested to aid by their presence iu encouraging this laudable institution.
Deputation Will Ask Premier Borden
to Adopt Definite Policy'
There are two Kitcheners—who ir,
the other one?   Ask your daddy.
WINNIPEG, April £0.—One thousand
of Winnipeg's unemployed, nine-tenths
foreigners, and, a. large percentage
Austrians, marched to the parliament
buildings this morning and sent in a
deputation to wait on Premier Sir
Rodmond Roblln to>ask the government's assistance. ln overcoming the
present distress. The premier, while
holding out no hope of direct government assistance, promised to confer
with iMayor Waugh this afternoon to
see what could be done to alleviate
the present conditions,
WINNIPEG, April 20.—In conformity
with a resolution passed this morning
by the board of j control, Mayor
Waugh will communicate by wire with
the mayors of all principal cities of
Canada and a conference will be arranged to be held in Ottawa- at as
early a date as . possible. Following
the preliminary conference the executive officers of thane cities will then
w?it upon the Ced^ral cabinet urg'ng
upon that body the absolute necessity
of adopting some constructive nolicy
immediately, io tonn'i.acj or at lonat
alleviate as far as possible the distress
caused by unemployment throughout
the entire Dominion. The Winnipeg
board of control waB urged to this action this morning by Alderman Rlgg
and Rev. J. S. WoodBWorth. A federal
highway from Winnipeg to -Calgary Is
among the proposals.
We are requested to state that the
wedding of (Miss S. Mushkat and W. G,
McClusky, announced recently as taking place this month, has been postponed on account of illness.
Fears are expressed that tf unemployment continues and men pour Into
this city at the recent rate a serious
situation will arise.
'With the advent of Spring and the
warbling of birds our local musicians
are once a^aln delighting the ears of
our  citizens  with  open-air concerts.
The slopes on the north side of
town have shown up quite luridly at
night during the past week, but evidently now, because of lack of material, are practically extinguished.
The fiery element also made its appearance on the south side of town, on
the hill at the back of the coke ovens,
without any serious effect.
Re Fernie Communication
In L'Unione-Pueblo, Colo.
J. W. Gray, who Is well known
throughout the district and especially
his connection with union matters has
this week taken over ihe Fernie Steam
Laundry and by careTul and conscientious attention to the requirements of
his patrons hopes to make a thorough
success of the new undertaking. Needless to state it will be operated on
strictly union principles.
In lengthy Session
The City "Papas" met In the Council
Chamber ou Thursday of last week
and .showed a remarkable diligence for
civic affair*. ' They probed everything
from the pay of the official chicken
catcher to the necessity of providing
uniforms for the firemen on the permanent staff. At times there were
streaks of wit and repartee that bewildered the listener, but with It all
tbelr was a desire to economise and
safeguard Ute Interests of the eity,
so It the audience were bored tbey
had the pleasure ot hearing several
questions of vital Importance to the
town thoroughly ventilated.
After the reading and pasting of the
minutes, theillayor asked If tbere was
anyone present wbo wished to address
the Council, and Mr, Wm, Dickenson,
on behalf of the ParnleCoal Creek Ax-
ettslor Band asked that tbe Council
give permission to the band to use
tbe stand at tbe back of the 41 Qf eat
Market. Alto, tbat tbey provide light
for same. Tke speaker atated tbat It
wae the intention of ibo band to give;
concerts during Ut* summer and thus
help entertain (be towapeople. Tke
coencll granted tk* light portion and
referred Mr. Dickenson to tke firs
Chief, who waa present, as tbe rtprt-
seautlve or Ik* Athletic Aatoclatton.
at tba latter owntd tke Maud. Tbe
chief graeloaaly promised to do wbat
bo eoald la tbe matter, and aald tbat
ba ksd not tbt slightest donbt bat
what the association weald be only too
nttnmS lo assist the bead la their
worthy prat-tot. j
Dr. lionaell wn* thn tmm sptaker
•ad he certainly gave good advice
eaacernlag tke necessity tm Immediately cleaning tp tkt town. Ht kad
taken the matter tp with the Provincial Chief ot Pellet, and tht latter had
pramMed to dt tvtrytblag possible
■      I.  *9. mr9~'9 *%*, -Vt,*,*** ♦.•Ht,* If *%*9    **-m
done Aldermen Jackson and Brooks
spoke upon the importance of giving
the matter immediate consideration.
The roport of City Engineer Ramsay
upon the water question was interest*
Ing and supported bis contention at
previous meeting tbat there wore a
number of defective water fittings In
the town. On three streets over
seventy defective fittings bad been discovered, and aa a result of the campaign the .pressure had increased 8 lbs.
Ile wanted Instructions as to the road
conntrttctlon, Including tho rato of
wages paid aad to whom the work was
to be given.
Tho question ot boulovardtng and
supplying lumber to those who wish
to construct same   was  considered.
Tho Fire Water and Light Com
mittee Introduced their report, aod
among tbt suggestions wtrt: concrete
floor for Fire Hall; red light over
every fire alarm bog; no uniform for
firemen; that all horses be Insured;
no Insurance bt paid on fire equipment; tbat all mtn sleeping la the hall
bt In between tht hours ot 10 p.m. and
6 a-m.
Tht estimates contained tht follow*
lowing espeadltnrt:
Debenture interest  9tS.t0.S4
Sinking Fund  UJOt.lt
* Owing to the continued depressed conditions throughout the Distriot, your officers
have deemed it advisable to cancel the previous arrangement re-^rding Esoiieration. jyid^
in order that the members may be relieved to some extent, have decided to grant Exoneration of the District Fer Capita Tax and Defense Fund for the months of May, June and
, July. In connection with this consideration jour officers would advise that Locals collect
the dues frcim all'members who are in a position to-pay, and use auch amounts for the
benefit of those members who may be in need of assistance.
You are particularly requested to note that this Exoneration is not intended to apply
to the International Dues and Assessments, but only to the District.
Hoping that by the end of June conditions will have materially improved,
'}' .^ We are,
Yours fraternally,
W. L. PHILLIPS, President,
WM. ORAHAM, Vice-President,
A. J. CARTER, Sec-Treasurer.
Ir. the columns of our Italian contemporary of Pueblo, Colorado, we notice a communication from Gul3e;.j.e
Gigllottl dealing with the affair-; of
Gladstone Loca! 2314 and District 18,
U. M. W. of A„ which Is not calcu'.au-JI
to promote harmony and unity for
which "L'Unione" and the miners' organization primarily stand.
To assert thnt Italian members are
not welcome visitors at the meetings
of the local unions and to cast reflexions upon an organization because of
t^ie alleged action of a single iudivi-
diitl is manifestly unfair and without
being unduly harsh, the whole tenor
of the communication leads one lo surmise it was not written wilh the laudable object of promulgating the best
interests of unity, but rather wilh the
contrary motive of furthering tho ends
of some ambitious individual.
The local organization contains
some of the best supporters of union.
Ism in the camp among the foreign-
speaking members, and we fael confident ^that any attempt to oreale disruption by the formation of a separate
organization wil! not only meet wiih
their disapproval, but their condemnation when they realize what Is the
mainspring of the attitude of those at
the back of the movement,
We do not Know whether or nor any
member did or did not say what is
credited to him regarding the question
of speaking English only, hut this we
can say, that among those present
there were enough of the Italian brothers who do speak English to make
their objections known.
Speaking of what we do know, the
allusion with which Inter, Board .Member Dave Rees Is charged to have
made in a public meeting Is grossly ex-
tail, but this we believe will be- dealt
with by that officer in due course.
If at any time members of the U.
M. W. of A. feel themselves aggrieved
by any action In their local union, Lhey
must know that tbe rules of procedure are such that they may be taken
before the District Hoard, and this ventilation through the outside press of
that which has not been presented to
higher authorities is not acting in accordance with the rules laid down for
the best Interests of the members as
individuals nor llm organization ns a
With all due resnect to our collcv
gue iu'Pueblo, and knowing his ardent
desire to promote the well-being of
organized labor, we feel sure that he-
will agree with us that the best place-
to discuss matters appertaining to tbe
organization is through the proper
channels first, and not until theee efforts have proved unsatisfactory
should the outer world be appealed to.
This has not been done in this instance, and we would therefore urge-
upon any who have signified their in-,
tentlon to withdraw from the International body and form a small sectional
group that they give the subject more
consideration and make haste to go
The statement made prior to the
termination of the agreement that union officials had announced that in
the event, or a strike the District did
not have funds to support a struggle
and that the Individuals affected
would have to bear the expense themselves, we may say most emphatically
no official had any authority to make
any such statement, and furthermore,
we cannot find where there is any
foundation for this assertion.
I Continued on Pace Koor)
B.C. Federation
of Labor
tummary of Report ef Vlet-Praeldente
Um Water and Light
tun. id
Mayor's ■alary, donations and
Grants    t.tbtM
School Hoard Expenses .... IC.OW.OO
Hi* Departmert Rip.    tJttbM
Works aad Itoperty ......   IJW.-t*
Potlet Department .........   ?,<*«,-#
Street Improvement* ......   4M3&M
Amount to be ralaed Ity taxation  t4t.Mt.1f
•After th* reading of the eatfmafea,
In whlek It wfll ke noticed
Vice-President Yates reports that
thlngi are still very bad In Naw Westminster, and that little chance Is available for organising, and Um lumber In-
dustry is etlihtly more active hot this
Horn not help owing to the ftet that
most all of the employees are Chinks
or Hindus, and thsy Have had their
wages eat to as low In aome Instances
as n cent* per day ot ten hours.
He alao reports tkat trade la still bad
In the Kleetrlc railway business, and
sees little prospects in sight, and that
a meeting will be held in the near fa-
tare on the Compensation Act.
Vice-President fltmmona reports on
the activities of the Central body In
Victoria, and that the longshoremen's
strlko had affected conditions, aad that
tha plnmber* were still loeked ont. He
tntnrn to the central body aeeartng n
weekly order for nt*n lo work on tho
gongheea Reserve through the aetltl-
ties of himself and President Watchman and the Secretary-Treasurer; also
(lis protest that wns mtula nd the nt-
f tempt of tha Sannieh Municipal eonn-i
|t#« **» tammm *■#** te turn pm *s«y.|^^^. ^^
A- i,\). ',;ii:,<7-k'ii-i'ii*iit iW &i*\,v. n.tii. i.i
of the different ilritlsh Colonies and
Ureal llrltaln, requesting thom to insist on any lumber contracted for by
their I'OBiitH'Uva UovtirumouUi ts produced by whlto Ubor, referring to
general condition!, lie says things are
no better and tbo cost of living Is sltll
rising, but that rents are lower than
last year.
Vice-President Lyon reports that
things are atill bad in his district, com
prising that part ot tbe Interior west
of Pernie, and that he has secured the
•ffiliation of tbe Brotherhood of Railroad Carmen of Kevelstoke, and that
he has hopes of securing the affiliation of the maintenance of way employees In the near future. He reports n reduction in the etatf of the
mechanical department of the C. P. R.,
and ret rata the nil too prevalent employment of Asiatics.
Vice-President liunn reports tbat be
has been engaged In work for the Electrical workers in Washington, and on-
aequently haa been unable to accomplish mock for the Federation, bnt that
daring the rooting month he will be
ln 11. C. and will be able to assist
Vice-President McVety reports that
tm'JMmt, Ir. V*r.i«w«t nu »UU «tj
hart, and tkat Ke has bee* ahk to hsve
been ol some little assistance to tbe
bonnsheremen In thHr strike, and that
his effort* were nrlsmiwlcdt-td by th«
officers of that onrnnliatlen.
Vice-President Carter reports tkat
Many Unemployed
Seek Railway Jobs
Two Thousand Men Apply When Work
Is Offered at Ottawa for
Three Hundred
OTTAWA, April 19. — Tbat the
number ot unemployed In tho capital
Is large was demonstrated today when
over 2,000 men applied for 300 jobs
wliich were open because of tho decision of the Department of Railways and
Canals to make some necessary improvements on the Illdeau canal within the city limits. The majority of the
2,(ii)D men swarmed about thc employment, wicket were Italians, Russians and Poles. Tliey swarmed about
tho nickel, shouted and genticulated
and would not get Into line; swore
when disappointed and glared hungrily at those who were Itw-ky enough to
get accepted. Most of the iroubl*
occurred after lite 300 lucky ones had
been given their checks.
(Bd,—Thc remaining 170ft contain
the nucleus for thc breeding of crime
against property. Tbla is no cauno
for astonishment. These men by
their actions sre nnnloim to work, thHr
tt*******!*'*,'.!''.    - . ..■■*•*. *   * , I
  '■■ I *   '   '    " " f ■>-  ■**-***■■»'     ni * a it* ik- n
Th* ^Wlnr ♦li-iwtf'h* tb* l%m**\lwmmmtt**mi, ib*'-**mn*>* n*S*t*eli 1%f
tins tm nmm MMeboMer* tke -con-j   A anouoa vm p«t aad sail led that |jeiwafng ep of -relief oottt by the ttot'
tents of snm* to he removed i* rats-{work start Immediately, nml tklt Wl.JBfnwwit „„ um n^^^ mennteUi
]*'Al*    fff   *1)f    tJif(l
Tlie Civic
Following up thc suggestions made
at tho last Council meeting, and likewise copying the example of previous
years and otber cities, Mayor Uphill
officially announces tbat Wednesday
next, April 28th, be aet apart aa Arbor
Day. Whilst the planting ot trees
lor the sake of beautifying the surroundings Is one of tbe objects, this is
not to be tbe sole purpose of sotting
aside the day, bnt for the aake of
cleanliness and ssnttatlon nvnry eiti-
sen la respectfully informed that all
tin cans, old bottles and other discarded small articles, be neatly plied np for
the purpose of being carted away, and
to aid In this example of civic cleanliness several cltlsena have profaned
thc use ot their teamt, theee to b*
msd« ve* fe rt be object mentioned.     „, ...,
It la earnestly hoped tkat each and)commit theft, snd in *<> doing I« in
*v*rv *Mt*n ii-ll( lm»,| e«*ty oatlttontr 'r-tMy as. »-v***sry Ui-:,u. :i.> j.;:.
to the plan and thus help t» m«t-e|The ln<*(»ld»tt! fin-ting biw-'l :«cr! \
Fernie the peer of any other rom-|»tl **«#» his priwn »eiit*«-re. and
mnnlty Insofar as tidiness Is w»nj»h«n b* euro** out of ^nfir.i-m^tit I*
♦•med. j"" tbi' h'rtt roittt -o fawning n if,in
,»~™„™~  itterem man.     11* it tttnttonvti by fh"
ils  a.m„  Monday   mnraing,  Johnl«wartl*ns ef 1*w and Orrfer **whs!
t*9H**9l       -I-.,'*.      *.,*!. * ... ». •■ * .        '   ^     ^..
\*<t*A *it*t,e*ie* it** t**i- ^i^nvi,.   *,.**i*Jv.v- •?«.<"--■«• • - *.« .,<«-*• ♦,   ...  » -
tt^rt i*b* rrtmlrolotttt t'» iX-.t-ftTlr-t* itj*oi\  In
tint** like tke one n-iMrt'-d from ttt
As some of our readers have evidently formed a wrong Impression because of the headline Inadvertently
copied in our issue of the 10th Inst.,
relative to the increased touniwc of
coal ordered by the C. P. It., we take
tbls opportunity of informing all ami
sundry that whilst this will absorb a
portion of the unemployed mineworkers along the (Vow there still remains
a much larger number unable to find
a remunerative occupation upon which
to expend their energies, The doting down of Reaver Creek Mlnea and
tbe limitation of tbe operations at Corbin m» well as the spasmodic working
at other points throughout tke Pass,
is only intensifying a situation which
is but slightly affected relatively by
tho widely reported 1000 tons n day
When reporting the above, copied
from the Newi-Trlegrara. we thought
.the KoUit "3U> atnny" uuivtuvttxli it
failure to get it means shortage of wou)l, entblw mf n,Mittn (0 pvi tno
funds with which to buy food; the „„rt two «og«thi>r However, te makf
pangs or hunger, cresting an uneasyjlim,n dOTlWy IBre, „ MW m,
and disagreeable sensation around the)up0ll $nf who ^template coming to
waist line, will prompt them to obey , m, Vf0W ,0 ,wk for workf m w do >0
the first law of nature-Mlfprenerva-, Al ^m thl,„, |, t)fWM,y » tttn,Ini.
turn; they resort tn petit larceny from
aome other member of that sam* so-
clety whlfh refuses ih<»m access to the
means of HviU'iood, If iiuaht thm
are sent to gaol, fed and nh-vltered by
th*» slate whl<h hi» compelled thpni,
b>   ll* InJ.fft-r-Hice to tl»-lr late,, lo
lnc« sre In a my r-fiV.m posWon. and ] ** 7 * m '!,w l"""'«'™,>* irtie-hlm
Ik* evtlook wot wry ooopuoaIoa tbol** «* on Its mlsaloa of road m,*.!^ ....
la tke mining indostry not averag-l **** *,a *lwoprlat* eeeen of willing | «**» ar* bapiwniag frem time to time
la* ittlarrat* nun OmetawveO    tie **
piMlttt tktl IkU was Ike Um* wksa
*.*   -    *^m99^^*M^   ^WMMi&l   Sft^   ^aa^.*^  *^9
um mamtm.tr ptvpwniws we wpoomt oy
Am mmioa. and tkt prlntlpal kreodiag
^^pptPawP ™*Pw *wp pfmtm wwpw ttmtpo^p*      p ^^Ai A^ttj
way to kan-ft* ftftftft wna to kwrn It,
A*J   —* * —    —i—m~^^   *k*ffe-lHA   *99  tt—,9   Mr^m—*   ta  mm—9
mm ine wwwws wmaw tm we -tmm »'wv
winked to tkorwwghty eoaawrv* the
kooNk ef tke tow*. 1>e Oewwefl tav«
too doctor m mom atts-wtfre kwrtag,
wwtm »■» nmpor hmwotw nmm omrtm
oot nyrmil Is tysn-pnthy with tke
M tela nf inlWer
Tke engatlnf of an engineer was
tko pot* oeaalderetton, and tko only
applicant for Um Jek, Jokn Brown van
engaged at UM pm ony.
Hwrtnt tkt eonrw of dlsewaskm Ittd-
Int *p tt tkt ttsaftec of aa
****** UMt> mmtmoama* tmm*****,
Refentng tt the operations of tkt
Oeattil Unemployed Barean. kt sUles
tkat conaidemkle dlasatlafactlen kaa
otcarnw aawngit tut wotweri twins
tt tkt manner la which the tmreaa In
tag more tban two and a kalf days per'
lie ftrtktr reports that tkt tmintrs
of Matrtct 11 kave renewei tkt egret-
m*Mt wltk tkt operstnrs. wbktfc expired
on tkt lift tf March, for a period tf
two year*.
Vltt-Pnittdeat 0atktft, tf Vsnww
msTNiet orriciALs
Pr*aid#at   l*ktlllps.   VM*-Pfwei4«n(
Graham, Secretary Carter aad latenea
tfoetil Wwnf %t*mb*r ft*** v-r*
AMtmtaa Baratt aaktd tkt CHy
-uievw it was sat uny ny-iaw anwmaa
aeveral ojilnions were alrtd apra tkt , , w
neceattty tf iMtlSK • a»a Wltk IWW-JiinJ ntXtar ■nrf.nlw**1*** mn Pr* mntt*rt
•w* ***?**«?> *"* *»*w»aa ItM- of the way tke »«. nm trentei hetk j
i»aai wywtasd tko tpialta. imi flfrlky tkt part-tag empteyfng awn tfcreetk
twwtfM mttPto. t*at atcrsite t*s»J, the keiwse. and the system ef reatstro-
carvfed tm, not »h»! ttrmo tomto-, -    fc . «     ,.    , .    >
dan, not that thm is at impwrwinimt j   ******' rt"^ "d t"*fc*w **1 ,w
tttr laat awtth.  A ictalat canip hat j ottAmmo. obtm they are fateadtag tt
beam otmnt to Cetm>% ton it bn* Mti-tnwtt twm<*
| all orer the .continent of Xorth Am-
' ti.',- , T*n-,t*     , t   ...... ■■
potntt-4 to Im*. Ir.'o Ibe mtttt-r n%4 tht*
aim total ef tketr effort* to *;>f*#' tin*
problem nbmi as etteriht* ** » i»*n
tr)'itt«* ta tkav* hla»*«lf with n mra*
m-. ing kn'f*1, he may mt ott a few batrs
,'jhtre *** ibem, kit tb# ^rtstlM will
m«»r»-  |ir««rio*i»*(*it(y  jiimtr*it' the fu
WwALmtm-        <MMPw   1P1«W»   WAJ^wtomAftA
^mtAttoAiim Mt&f^MtitAt^A ^t o^^bmAmPk
ttAAvmm mm^^apj**^  *£   jkmt^kt^m  |^J^|
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j   Tb*   "-ftitrtettsta aad  Prodeirtiee"
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*  a **9mM .   9. tervtd as ratting places to* i*M>t>»
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|lwaltelatW!aatfMy«Mto»»«.       j -a» mmt tt ttt'wktr, mm> tehatfa..
of •IxMifccm" and a shortage of work
Tht> timl iimi' of thc sti-AMin *••
t>tay«w! at KV-rn'* t*lsr*fen Voti t'rteb
and Punii-p m Ustnrdsy. April l?tk.
l'i»;i! t*n«.k Idiki'il nft nl fill! om
\Vaik««r »(M n#nl tbe *rore for thi» l,r*eb
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Hon* tht'ii mtired two ri»«N in qnlrk
,. ii4i*»k..i.ii. r«ii'i,*»il itj, a i**n:tity Wv
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wil b* h*b) in tb# flub Itiwnri at "
■ft'tletk en Ann day. April J-Vtb, lm**-
rmn fmpor'ant Bversbody tnteresr
*4 ptt-n** attend,   tl, Vin***, seriafarv
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b* b»a btmn m4*r tmotma-tt witl a re-
tf,*u*-i mnlt»L bet we f*trrt te etait
tittt tie fa|ary Infl^rttd was tmb that
; n m tmrmtt prTtnanemt impairment kaa
Dowser Expounds;  Oliver, Hawthorn-
thwaite and Others Criticize
A.  S.  Wells,  President, Victoria
Trades and Labor Council    .    ,
A public meeting was held last Mondny evening in the Victoria Theatre,
umler the auspices of Uie Victoria
Trades and" Labor Council. The speakers were Attorney-C.eneral \V. J. Bowser. J. 11. Ilawtliornthwnite, John Oliv-
• r un:l A. Wat chin an, President of the
It. C. Federation of Labor. A. S.
Wells, President ol" ihe Trades and
Labor Council, occupied the chair.
which fell in""the main upon the work- and the employee would be protected
President Wells, Chairman
A crowded house greeted the speak- ] down to ils innugumtlon on the c
man. In many instances, when cases
were fought successfully through the
courts, it was found that he could not
recover llirough the employer having
left the country or having gone bankrupt.
■Modern attempts to remedy this
state of affairs worked on the theory
that losses shoulld be borne by the industry itself, charging the payments
up as part of the cost of production—
placing compensation on such a hanls
as to protoct the workman and hts
family. .Mr. Bowser traced tiie development of this legislation in the various  countries   throughout  the   world
. i
ers, and the r'.ialrman In opi-nlng the'unit of
meeting said: "That for a considerable ,
length  of   time   the   organized  labor'
movement of th>* province had used lis
effort> to secure a compensation act,
that  would  to  a  considerable
relievi*    the    destitution    and
wlikli  were entailed  upon  the dependents of injured  workmen.      ile said
that much energy and money had been
expended1' ill their efforts  to achieve
Ontario Leads
■Ontario   was   the   first  province  to
adopt a Workmen's compensation act.
Next  Nova  Scotia introduced  a bill.
extent! The laboring classes in Ilritlsh Colttni-
want j>ia  had   been   insistent  in   their de-
mauds for similar legislation^ and the
result was the bill now under discussion, which had been introduced by
hlnu-elf at the close of the last session
ef  the   legislation.   Tlie   Ontario  act
thU object. '-   When   Mr.  Dowser had
brought fttriVi'ird liis draft act. natural-! had been followed very closely.
ly  tliey  were all anxious to see and | ■.•eneral principles were identical.
understand the provisions of the act,
and it was for this reason that the
meet ing had been called in order that
.Mr. Powser could explain the act and
iis merits be pointed out, and tliat the
net could Oc criticized by thos-e who
weie there for lhat purpose. He stated that be desired to point out ;hai it
was not a political meeting, and
ibought that audience would agree,
especially when the different speakers
were considered, who represented all
shades of opinion, and that the attorney-general had invited criticism, and
he boned that this would be the means
-of placing this province in a banner
position as regards compensation
injured workmen.
Mr. Bowser on Compensation
'Mr. (Bowser on rising to address the
meeting, stated that he agreed wil'i
the remarks of the chairman, as to the
meeting not being a political meeting,
;ind that was his understanding when
Details of the Act
Mr. Bowser next entered into a detailed explanation of tlie vartous clauses of the bill. One of its main provisions and one of tbe most important
was that ensuring compensation regard less of the fault of the employer
or or the employee, except in the case
of wilful negligence on the part of the
workman—and even then, if lie were
permanently disabled, or die'!, compensation would be given.
Another very Important feature of
tlie bill was that which made compensation certain and not contingent upon
oven if accidents occurred outside the
province when he was working for an
employer Inside the province.   .
Bowser's Excuse for Delay.
It had been asked, why not enforce
the act this year?   lt was vital to the
success of the measure that all interests should be fully considered,   -Ontario took three years for such study,
and even now long amendments were
proposed to the present act.   Similar
procedure had been followed   In   the
various states ou the other side of the
line where this legislation had been
enforced.   The govern-ment invited the
fullest criticism, which might be helpful.     Then, again, the  present time
! was considered Inopportune In which
to  place  a   further  financial   burden
upon the industries of the country.
J. H. Hawthornthwalte
ln cnlMng upon Mr. llawthorntliwalte
ilie chairman asked that in view ot
the importance of the subject, that the
speakers In opposition  would  confine !
themselves as far as possible to the
matter of the draft act, in order that
the best possible results would be obtained. ;
Mr. Hawtliorntliwaite in his opening
remarks said that he would as far as ,
possible confine himself to the subject '■
matter as requested by tho chairman, •
and   would   not  mention   submarines
more than once, and if he did refer to \
dairies he  would  not mention  cows.
(Laughter.)    He then went on to criticise the bill, and said that in view of
the fact that the old land had shown
the way to the world that lie was surprised the attorney-general   had   not
gone to that country for the bill and
not to Ontario. Pointing out that there
was no other country where the labor
movement was more highly developed,
and was surprised that the attorney-
general had gone to the trouble to re
organized industrially and politically
that they would get-nothing, and "again
urged them ta organize. He said that
lie had been asked to mention tliat the
longshoremen "were not. specifically
provided for in the bill, and that the
bill placed a premium on hpusehold'
Industry which \s-jould lead to sweating
conditions. He finished his address
by stating that it would be better *for
the workers if the bill never became
law, as under the act all courts were
closed to them that they had access
to in the past, and that a new court
was to be provided and was to be operated hy a czar.
' Mr. John Oliver
Mr. Oliver then took the platform,
and in his opening remarks said that
he did not agree with Mr. Hawthorn-
thwaite's stand, as the attorney-gen-
eral's bill had some4good points, but
that they were overshadowed by the
bad .ones, and said that possibly as the
board was to consist of one, that perhaps would be a certain individual who
had beeu appointed as chairman of a
sewerage board, and that by the time
the bill 'was in operation this individual would be In a position to be able
to accept the job.
Defects of Proposed Act
He objected to the bill because so
much was left to the governor-general
in council, and pointed out that the attorney-general was the legal adviser of
the governor-general-in-council, and
that no appointments could be made
without the approval of the attorney-
general under these conditions.
He regretted that the-hill would, as
•Mr. Hawthornthwaite suggested, encourage out work and asked why farm
servants were left out of the bill, and
referred to the fact that no provision
was made for auto drivers, etc., and
firemen and .police.
Workers Pay Just the Same
Continuing, Mr, Oliver said the at
torney-general says that -this bill provides that the compensation will not
cost one cent to the workers, I would
ask him who produces the weallth,
and that in the last analysis the workers pay every cent for their compensation.     He went extensively into the
payments of the compensation, and
said that a iainimunl should have heen
made, and that he would make it forty
dollars per month? He described the
provisions for the administration of
the bill as crude, and said tbat no reasonable argument had been offered as
to why the act was not placed on the
statute books this year, and charged
the attorney-general with dereliction
of duty in these matters.
President Alex. Watchman
•Mr. A. Watchman was then, called
upon, and said that as the hour was
sovlate he did not desire at this time j
to enter into any criticism of the bill, I
but would make way for the attorney-*
general to give him the opportunity to |
reply to the criticism.     He said that
organized labor would make their criticism of the bill at another time, but
in view of the fact that Mr. Oliver had
made the statement that labor produced all wealth, that he shoulld be logical and advocate that lt should belong
to labor When produced.
Bowser Replies to Critics
Mr. Bowser then stated that he did
not desire to answer the criticisms offered but suggested that Mr. Oliver
was not so much opposed to the bill,
as to the author, and said that the administration of the act necessitated
the appointment of officers, the details'
being left to the governor-generql, who
wns after all. the government.     He
said that they had administered the
various measures In an honest manner, and pointed out that in the administration of the Factories act and
the Tramways act, that he had gone to
organized labor for his officers.
Dominion Trust Again
Several .people then began to jeor
and "Dominion Trust" was shoutad, at
which the chairman asked that common courtesy r-hov.ld be exteudel vo
tho speaker, and 'Mr. .Bowser coutlnu-
-ln;j said that, m-iny of the VDominbiv
Trus1:  victims were in his own constituency, and   that he  would  again i
ha.<!   the  poll   In  Vancouver.   ' The
mooting then closed with a vote of
thanks to the chairman, after -Mr. Bowser thanked the council, for the opportunity given him 'o explain the bli'.—
It €. Federationlst.
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No. 2314
A] set first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek, Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill. Sec, Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Cralian's   HaU.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   tn   the  Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnston, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth .
Sunday of each month al 2 p.m.
In Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries.
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
die continued solvency of the employ
for lor.   The compensation would be paid i for to Germany and Russia and Aus-
as soon as the board decided on theltria and had evidently forgotten Tur-
amount. The workman would not have! key.
to pay a single dollar to get this pro-| Class Legislation?   Sure,
lection. i    lie said that he denied that the pro-
Method of Administration j posed  act  was not class legislation,
Mr. Bowser explained how the act aud pointed out that it should penal
was   to   be  administered.   The Com
Land is Open
For Pre-Etnption
he accepted the invitation to be present., It was the desire of the government to have the bill criticized by all
parties affected so that tliey could
place upon the statutes lhe best legislation possible.
Ho pointed out that the bill was not
only one'that affected ihe employees
tint' the employers. He traced the history of the legislation that had been
adopted In the old country and that
the common law had been found insufficient, as men held to have been negligent, could not recover compensation
In tlm courts, and the laws were from
tlmo to time amended until finally tho
Compensation act was introduced
Compensation In B. C.
He tlipn pointed to the curly efforts
of Ilritlsh Columbia on the Hues of legislation for the recovery of compensation for Injuries received In Industrial
In UOI Ilritlsh Columbia made Its
flrat attempt with legislation of this
kind, when the Employers' Liability
net   w»h   introduced,   but   this   was
mission would biiTfenown as the Workmen's Compensation Board. In Ontario
there were throe members of the board
but it was Intended to start here on
the least expensive basis, and there
would, therefore, be only ono commissioner at the start. This commissioner uml his assistants would
give their whole time, and would be
so remunerated as to make them independent, just as were the judges,
There would be no appeals from the
decisions of the board, which would
work along the lines of the railway
< oiiMnisslon of Canada.' .
Funds to Meet Claims
|    On  tnlilns   office   the   commission
I would make an assessment on Industries ho uh to establish a fund nt once,
i to be ready to meet claims.     A reserve fund would be established, and
au auditor would mnko a yearly examination Into the state of this reserve.    The act also provides for com-
pen sat Ion In the mutter of Industrial
diseases.    Other Important provisions
wore that the workman would not pny
Many Tracts Will  Be Ready For Settlement 01 May IF—Arrangements
by Dspartim-ut of Lands <
Oir May 18 at'Vancouver,   Alberni,
For! George, Cranbrook,   Fernie   and
ine I lie employers who had men injur- j Quesnel, the Government Agents will
ed fif their employ "and not place ~tlie""open to pre-empFors about 700 parcels"
•speedily found Insufficient, as ll led to u Mngle dollar of itSHesHineiii; the em-
n great deal of expentte ami litigation,! |*|<iycr could not assign compensation,
assessment for the accident on all industry of that particular line. It
could be done by the payment of compensation being made by the . state,
and' where it was found that an employer baa" been negligent, that the
compensation should be collected by
the state from him, this would ina:»e
It possible to bring down the number
of accidents to a minimum,
An Employers Act
He stated that ln his ((pinion the bill
was framed to lighten the load of the
employers, and instanced the omissions In the act referring to casual
of surveyed lands, which have been ln
reserve, and have been subdivided for
settlement. The .lands are lpcated at
points ranging from about 30 nvlles
from Vancouver, near Sechelt, to Sunderland Channel along the Mainland
Coast; on (Malcolm,*,. Nootka, lledonda,
Cortes and Thurlow islands; adjoining tho Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
In tho valley of the South Fork of the
Fraser; In Canoe Hlver Valley, and at
various points In East Kootenay.
On tha-Celist ajul Islands, numerous
tracts of logged-off lands, former timber licenses, which, In accordance with
labor, He snid he thought that this, the policy of the government to render
must lie the come back of the aitor-ltimbered agricultural lands available
noy general on the frlenjls of his that! to settlement as soon its the timber ls
were In the I. W. \V., because one of cut, have been surveyed Into tracts
tliem hnd mnde a threat to put poison ! averaging 40 acres in extent. Those
In his coffee. All he could advise | will bet, opened to pre-emptors at the
wns that men should not make theso office of the Government Agent In the
threats but should do It. (Laughter.) j Court Home at Vancouver on i.Mny 18.
Pointing tq the fact that the retail These blocks of lots are situated near
tall clerks were not provided for tn the Sechelt, In vicinity of Lund on Mains-
hill he said that the last time he spoke  plnn Peninsula, on lledonda, Thurlow.
railway placed In reserve for settlement tn 1907, some years prior to the
construction of the railway.   ■  *
At the office of the Government
Agent at Cranbrook, about 12,000 acres
of logged-off lauds, and at the office of
"tuts (jOvennTteiii—A'geut!—at—t-ertwer
about 1,000 acres of similar lands, will
be opened to pre-emption on May 18.
Tlm lots comprised are subdivisions of
former timber limits in various parts
of these districts,' near Cranbrook,
Kimberley. Port Steele, Muyook, Ryan,
Wardner, Toehty. Colvalll and Waldo.
Last year about 10,000 acres of similar
lands were opened la this district. A
lot on which the reserve has been
lifted in Cariboo will be open to preemption at the office of the Government Agent at Quesnel on the same
Pamphlets dealing with the 'Mainland coast lots, with Malcolm and
Nootkn Islands, the South Fork of the
Fraser and Canoe River lots, and with
those In Kast Kootenay, containing
maim nnd detailed Information, have
been prepared by the Department of
Lnndft, and can be obtained on application to the Department or to the
Government A genu In the several
Land ltecordlug Divisions,
No. 1387
M£et  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,   Sec,   Can-
nore, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet Sicoiid and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached. —Mack Stigler.
No. 2227
Uwt every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.'   In   the   Opera.   Houso,
Coloman.—J,   Mitchell,  sec.  Box
10S, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock ,in the Bankhead Hall,
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec. IinnUliead- Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham'; President, Duncan McNab,
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3pm —John
I.oufflnan, Sec
No. 949
Meet' every secpn-9 and fourth
Sunday .of each month at 10 a.m.
In School House. Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
No, 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of eacji month at 10 a.m. in'
Union Hall. Maple Leaf.  No Slok
Society.—Tlios.  O.   Harries,  Sec,
PaRRbuiK, Alta.
No. 574
Meet every Tuesday evening
at 7.30, ln Miners' Hall, 12th
Avenue North.—Robt. Peacock,
Sec-Treas., Box 24.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.80 p.m.
In    the    Socialist    Hall.— James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   S6.   Bellevue,
Alta.   .
No. 2877
Meet every second Sundny at 2
o'clock In Ihe Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—R.
Garbett, sec., Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet.evory Sunday afteruoun,
2.30.   at   Uoardlnff   House,     Sick
and   Accident   riind  attached.—
Max'Hutter, Sec.
■ ————-      i ...
No. 1263
Meet Sunday after each pay
day, 3 o'clock, Irt (Miners' Hell.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
E. Morgan, Secretary;-
Try a Ledger Ad.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up.:$7,000,000       Reserve Fund $7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIAS ROGER8, Esq., Vlce-Pret.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
lu  tbls theatre lt wns to the rotnll
clerks, und told them that unless they
* *^ft~-^ »*■ --'.k
*,*>   '.A^i' _ *' <
xA.'.\h7-fi\ti r ''-Zi-v
A," , .' ■ ■■.
Sunkist Orange
With the Different Flavor
A*k for "Sunkist Valencias"
The Valencia 8un-
hist in the California
Summer Orange—-a
sweet, Juicy, luscious
fruit, riptntd m tke tm.
Ba»>' tu pttl, and practically
Soma ara dark feiextariorappaar-
•net, torn* lighter in color.   But
all ere a deep red inside and spark-
llnt with healthful juic*
fV:.nj*t"; nre jiirVf.fl \n ?ift\1nvei\n *v*ro
*   tlty in the year, wid tbe Late Valencia li
©nc of lb* very finest em grown.
Glove-pteked, tissna-wrappsd, shipped right
.  1. r.   i ,..;**. »».*- -.**-i
ttiatu   t>k«>   W4VW      }*J*.   »W» ,. *ti,9,*   *,.■.,-   *»••-.  • -*»•
tm-riptned Honor. ...
Don't buy metety "oranges."   Buy the
California Fruit
Growen Exchange
tit ft, OmA Street. CHICAGO
.and Coi'tus IkIuikIh, nml on Jut*l(»on
J liny, -Suiulorliiiul Channel. \ imiiiphlut
j denvrlbliiK litem hue been prepared by
j tho Department or Ijindu containing
maim ami mil particulars regarding
thane triM'tH,
On Nootka Sound
On Mnlcohn iHlnml. 217 loti, earh of
to acreii, und to lots of 40 acres each
on Nootka Imlnnd, will lw opened to
settlement on May 18 at the office of
the (loverinniiiit Agent at Alburn!. Malcolm Inland, n timbered, low, timliilat-
liitr plateau illvliled from Vancouver
Inland hy Hroti«hton Strait. w«« re-
served in  Itiui na a Finnish colony.
Sunkitt Valenciai,     See what you nre
minting in not getting thin bjpnd,
Try These Lemons, Too
Ute Sunkitt Lemont to -serve witb flub
end meats. Ute the juke wherever you now
ute vinegar. These are the bett looking and
the An/ lemons told. Juicy, fully flavored
and practically seediest. There'* n vast
difference in different brands ot lemons.
Try "Sunkist" and see.
Exchange for Wrappers
Oo J>uy a doten each of Sunkitt oranges
and Lemons and save the wrappers
bearing tMBunftituiaOeiutif*. loen
send in the coupon below and And j^
out bow to exchange the wrtp*^^^ ^tffomla
pars for beautiful Rogers     ^^FtAkQnwpn
From the Hrltlsh Islet, and Contin-1
ont'il Kurope, come reports that the'
cost of living Iuih IneresHwl to such an |
extent on iiccount of the war (hat the j
woiIkm'h Niii) themitiilvxa unable to oke .
out a bare existence, even where)
steadily employed. i
To orfset this unbearable condition J
demands have been made* for In-]
(wane* uf wages, but, In tho name of j
"duty to country" the governments)
Imve discountenanced all threats tot
enforce demands for higher wanes.      j
There are no reports of any    rtv i
Wills, Titie Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
 ,       to* nntTHxa mroRMATtoN am* te
B. Fowler, Manager Fertile Branch
The colony continued for some years, atrlctlons bolng placed on hankers to -
operating nnd carryinR on business on prevent litem from demanding hUh»r I
a community basis. Circumstances fin*j rates of Intercut.    Healers ln food-;
ally ciiused the abandonment of   the stuffs arc adding; to the natural en-i
community   system, and the   greater: haiioed corns owing to the danger and \
iininlicr of tlie original settlers took ront of Importation, neat little mar-;
up liiml litdlvltlinilly, others locating \ itltis for which i lie re Is no excuse ex
on   Vancouver   Island   and   various;rpiii the opportunity caused by sear-,
j places In thr- vicinity. There nre now < city, !
ilhliig on the inland about **r.« people,     It Is ever so,    not only    must tlie]
j chiefly members of the original Fin- workera furnish the roost for cannons, |
*r»l*h volor,).   Th* Ruin ACttiement Is. but lhe*e thej itnxe lwl*5«'J them bt ;|
at Boln.uln, where there la an excel- tome the victims of the gtret ot the'
lent school, having tn average   it* exploiters, who will waive no Jot of his •■ j
temlince nf »7 pupil*, a (lovernment  (tosslble advantase. I
j wharf, pout office   and   co-operative     Wo henr nf riermnti-Anicrlmn msn^
store.   UurltiK the jitisf summer about ufiiefiirers, In this country, busily en-»
jl«.«w acres wa« subdivided, and   is gaged In mennfacturlng war material:
«.-***<-»*       „»'4. tlMgn     **'f«*tt .»*   :*      pi*     •**-,»■**'* « tit"* ***..*        **"id     */%,-      «m,i*A..l*     t>rf       *.-'      ^-HMrfett nt     .** p,-* *     * ■*     *   *-.*,    „
' Vi!   ni, *.'iintV:i \ Vnul   Av. n  tVcrc \\;X r •Vi1,"t"'   Vi   Wim^i' "TliHne"*   «»"
been aiurii settlement during the patt bunliietn," Vays' Otto Fallt of the AH1«-'
few years, are subdivisions of former <'h»lmers factory In MRtrankee*. and'
i timber licensee. • tor farther excuse be tteertt that the :
! In Railway Belt KVtipp armaments factories In   tier
i .     ».      ,    f ' .1, ,     »P ,*,,".     .....     I  .    ,   *.  .    ,I1,,T   ,|.,     .   .. „.
,     ..it ,.*.,. **i.*t,ai.* -am turn*. *■*,   ■*„'*■*•.. •»  .• •• .    ..   ,   ••       *.*■•*•    ■■:,*■    ...
,!».<"■*> »rre«. divided into lot* averag- er* that are now et war with tlermany \
Ing Itn acres In i stent, situated lie- j wMt guns.   True enough!    And ae
' I ween Onllford ami Tet4 Jnane Cache, can go further by asflng that, the*
adjoining or close to th* O.T.f. Hall- Krupo armament conwratlon. and the (
I w*» on Ihe South Fork ot lhe Fraser. contritions affiliated with It in Rn*-.
i Valley, and tm lots bottom land, front < land. -Trance and Russia, alae maifofac!
*~if'<~ tiAAf'i**'
Inr ftxttr   j^r tmn. eiM-tHm* cm***
table. WTtmmAnnoommtptmpu j>«<* •»» »*• rlw »» C*** Wvar Val-liuwl the sentiment calculated ttt \ti
mfm^l imCS^mlmt ll '''*• w,,! ,,,> w"n*,,, »<• »Mllet»e«t. !-*sl' etltaWy faring abont tbla vrntmnl bolo-
■....-,-..-/A ^""TViiiffiiiiii!^ ("""'W 1,t'w"' **».<'W' arfws,   nontalnlng: tmxxP ot wnr,  Death, devastation, fam-
lSfleimHeXSn m^m*feS^am > about '»Wi pre-emptions were eproed to {Ine for tbe workers. Owortenlty for
>-^w^tTiiBy«3ii3tffifSm'!!! I settlers on   the Booth Fork   ot tb* IrttbmtH (iroflts for tbe exflotter*. .1
Good Roads.
OopA roads, good aebools, good cbtirtbtt iS
cost money to maintain, and that money is contributed by ths taxpayers of this community. U
in the hands of ooe oC those tax payers. It dees
Its shaft toward making this a better placn te 8ft
If you Mud pro ^q^ twv y^, %n 4^
tost tint much to hart your-town, its schools,
chnrchw, end road*,. Just think of this Ufa*
patronising a mali order hoose. Read the adver.
tfaeraentJ and spend your money with tha progressive home merchants.
t**r.t»ev, Thi se Iota, snd ties* to be
nv**<e* on May tb, ere In n bell eoter-
l»t three wiles on elthVr side of the
mortgage oa future generation* for*.
emtortmn to eome. All to Ibe nam* of fl
I'stHotl.m!-!* M.W.A. Jonrosl. I THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, APRIL 24, 1915
20 Per cent Increase
Demand of Miners
With absolute unanimity the national conference called by the Miners'
Federation of Great Britain and Wales
yesterday in London resolved to seek
an immediate ^ll-round advance in
wages of 20 per cent v
The conference Itself and its decision were the inevitable consequence
of the rapid increase in the cost of
living, which has brought about a substantial decrease in the present earning powers of the miners as of.every
other class of wflrker.
As a first step towards the attainment of their object the conference
decided to ask for an immediate joint
meeting of representatives of mine-
owners and workmen to consider the
claini made. Negotiations are left
in the hands of the national executive
of the federation.
Joint Meeting Sought with  Mine
All the districts of the Miners' Federation were represented at the conference which was held at the Westminster Palace Hotel. There wore
149 delegates present on behalf cf -a
total membership of 800,000 .men.
Mr. Robert Smillle, president of the
federation, was in the chair, and en
lit half of the Executive Council submitted tbe following resolution:
U) That this miners' conference of
Great .Britain make a demand as a :m-
tional organization for aii advance <n
wages in consequence of the, increased
cost of living which has taken place
since thc commencement of the war.
(2) That the demand be for an immediate increase In wages to1 the extent ot 20 per cent on the present turnings.-
(3) That the general secretary be
requested to communicate with the
secretary of the .Mining Association of
Great Britain with a view of an immediate national joint meeting of the
representatives ot the mineowners of
Great Britain and the workmen being
held to deal with the foregoing resolutions in order that the advance in wages may come into force at the earliest
possible date; that the whole of the
negotiations be left in the hands of the
national executive. v
..These three resolutions were unanimously passed.
'Before this business was taken 'Mr.
Smlllie announced that an old miners'
representative, in the person of Mr. D.
Alansell, Staffordshire, bad recently
was passed.
Mr. Smillle also announced that Dr..
John Wilson, tM.P. for Mid-Durham,
was now lying seriously 111 at his
home, and a resolution regretting Dr.
Wilson's illness, and expressing deep
sympathy with him and his family was
passed. iMr. Smillle referred also to
the Illness of Mr. Albert Stanley, M.P.
for North-West Staffordshire. iMr.
Stanley was gradually recovering, said
Mr. Smillle, but he regretted to add
:hat a few days ago, while on his way
to a, meeting, he fell a\id was seriously injured. A vote of regret at the
accident, sympathy with Mr. Stanley,
and hope for his speedy and complete
recovery was passed.
A vote of thanks to the chairman
concluded the proceedings.
passed away, and a vote ot condolence
with the family and other relatives
Mr. Smlllie on Justice of Claim
Tho case for the miners was forcefully put by Mr. Robert Smillle yesterday in an interview with a representative of The Daily Citizen.
"The resolutions passed by the Miners' Federation today," he said, "will
not, I feel sure, come as a surprise to
tbe people 6f the nation at large. It
is generally admitted that ther.e lias
been. a very serious increase in the
cost of living during the past ten
months, and as the wages of the mine-
workers under normal conditions are
seldom more than sufficient to enable
them to pay their way and live ln :i
suite of comparative comfort, it 's
only natural that any considerable ir-
ereuse in the cost of living should have
caused considerable dissatisfaction.
"The miners nave nc ^sslre to take
advantage of the present national
crisis to use their power to improve
thtlr conditions, and had it been possible to keep the price of'all commodities, .including coal, down to the normal, the probability is that no :.otlon
wculd have been taken to disturb tlie
course of events during the present
'It has become a serious matter recently for tlie general mining community, and especially the lower-paid
workmen, both above and below
ground, to make ends meet, and there
has been considerable pinching in
many homes to keep things going
from week to week. Coupled with
this, we have the fact that large bodies
of workmen In other Industries have
had .concessions made to them, not so
moditles produced by them as on the
ground that the cost of living has gone
up. i
"II must be remembered that the
value of coal has been increased enormously during the past few months,
and on this ground, If on no other, tte
miners are entitled to put forward a
claim for a considerable Increase in
Placing the Blame
.' "If anyone feels inclined to attach
blame to the miners for having put forward-what may seem to some an extravagant claim for improved wages at
'the present time, they ought to consider that If blame is attachable to any
one it should not be placed on, the
shoulders of the mining community.
If blame is to rest anywhere it should
be visited on those who increased
freights, manipulated the food markets
and coal supplies, and increased the
value of those commodities to an extraordinary extent. Were it possible
to reduce the price of commodities
down to the poitjt existing previous to
.luly last, I feel sure that the miners
would have been content to work away
cheerfully and do everything In their
power to help the Government and the
nation in the present very serious
"I sincerely hope that the mine-
owners will approach the claim put
forward on behalf of the miners in
the spirit of friendliness. It ought to
be possible, considering the current
rates for all classes of coal, for the
mineowners to concede the demands
made by the workmen and still carry
on the Industry on profitable terras.
"Tlie claims of the miners are urgent. There is considerable dissatisfaction in .mining districts, and there
is a strong desire that this matter
should be dealt with at the earliest
possible moment. I feel certain that
if negotiations were entered into and
any attempt was made to carry them
on for' weeks, the Inevitable result
would be stoppages in different parts
of the country. Any action wliich
would further limit the output of coal
is undesirable, and will not, I feel
sure, be taken by the miners if their
claims are met in a fair spirit by the
"I have little doubt..but that the
mineowners will be willing to meet
the workmen's representatives nationally, and, should a meeting take place,
1 am very hopeful that an ■ amicable
and satisfactory settlement may be
reached."—Manchester Daily Citizen.
Difficulties Placed in the Way of
Difficulties have been thrown in the
way of the I. L. P. holding their Annual Conference at Norwich this week!
Owing, it is alleged, to the attitude
wliich the party has adapted on the
war and the native of somk of the resolutions down /for discussion, the
management hate cancelled the letting
oi the Assembly Rooms, in which the
Conference was to have been held.
.Mr. Rond, in cancelling his permission "to use the Conference room, is
reported to have stated that he cannot
permit the place to be used by a party
whose purpose it was to embarrass
the Government.
Notwithstanding this drawback, the
arrangements for the Conference are
to be proceeded with. Mr. F. Johnson,
secretary of the party, stated that Sunday evening's meeting would be held
in the Labor Institute. The accommodation there would be limited, but
it might be possible to arrange a demonstration for Monday evening. The
other meetings will be carried out according to programme.
Tlie annual report of the Independent Labor party, which will be presented at the Conference, describes
the year just ended as "very varied,
but on the whole extremely satisfactory." The fact is emphasized,, that
"the Independent Labor party will
have to give much thought and energy
to the solution of the new problems
forced upon us by the war."
Foreign policy and peace settlement
terms form the subject of a resolution
which appears on the revised agenda,
with the support of tbe Agenda Committee and thirteen' branches. It is
lu the following terms:
That this Conference calls upon the
workers to guard against allowing
elements to enter the peace settlement
which would be a .pretext and excuse
for future devastating wars. In order
that the peace may be just and lasting the Conference demands:
(a) That the people concerned shall
give consent before there is transfer
of territory; '(b) no future treaty,
agreement, or understanding be entered into without the knowledge of the
people and the consent of Parliament,
and machinery to be created for the
Democratic control of foreign policy;
Ic) drastic all-round reduction of armaments by International agreement, together with the nationalization of the
manufacture of armaments, and the
national control of the export of armaments by one country to another; (d)
British foreign policy to be directed
In future toward establishing a Federation of the nations, and the setting up
of.an International Council, whose decisions shall be public, together with
the establishment of courts for the
interpretation and enforcement of
treaties and International law.
Among the other resolutions, which
number fifty-five, is one from South
Shields advocating an International
Arbitration Courts. Disgust with the
profiteering policy of certain capitalists is expressed by Fulham, Norwich,
Woolwich and Bately branches, which
call for immediate Government action.
Several branches urge the Conference to express the opinion "that the
Labor party should resist the relaxation of the Education and Factory Acts
or any attempt at temporary suspension of any Trade Union regulations
and rules (affirming that these are inflexible minima and not variable standards), and insist upon the carrying
out of the fair-wage clause in all Government contracts."
much because of any rise that has
taken place in the values of the com-
Committee Suggest  State Control  of
Collieries—Storage Near London
Xow that the winter is drawing to
a close the report has been issued ot
the Committee appointed by the Board
of Trade to inquire into the causes of
the abnormal rise In t,he retail price
of coal.' Briefly, the committee, who
have concentrated chiefly on the London aspect of this problem, state that
prices Increased by 7s. to lis. a ton,
whereas the increased cost of production due to reduced output is only 3s.
a ton. Both colliery owners and merchant middlemen—both of whonf, lt
will be remembered, blaanod each oth-
that the control of the mining industry "cannot safely be left in a time of
crisis to the working of an unregulated
system of supply and demand."
Recommendations made by the Committee are as follows:
Export to neutral countries should
be restricted.
Steps should at once be taken to
consider in consultation with the public bodies concerned the question ot
the accumulation by such bodies of
reserves of coal in or near London 'for
the use of small consumers during
next winter.
The rates of freight on interned
steamers sljould be further reduced.
Su.vable enemy ships condemned by
the Prize Court1 should he taken over
by the government and used for coal
If prices do not shortly return to a
reasonable levej the Government
should consider a scheme for assuming control of the output of collieries
during the' continuance of the war.
The Committee in their report,
which they explain is concentrated
mainly upon London, state that recently large quantities of inferior coal
which in ordinary times would find no
market in London have been supplied
to the consumer under one designation or another at very profitable juices, ranging from 7a. to lis. a ton, was
a deficiency of supply as compared
with demand.
The colliery owner has during the
past winter automatically received 4s,
t!d. per ton out of the rise of 9s. from
tlie summer prices ot coal sold under
contract, an arrangement which obviously gives coal owners and merchants a common interest in high
prices, while there is no sharing of ■
the loss if the prices are low. j
"Rings" That Are Not "Rings."
The Committee come to the conclusion tl\at the high prices are not due
to definitely constituted rings, but
there are evidently .opportunities of
Conference among those chiefly concerned which do in effect commonly
lead to concerted action with regard
to prices. The reduced output would
not of itself account for the abnormal
prices In London and some other centres.
The committee have no doubt that
the rise is considerably above the increase in cost of production which can
reasonably be put down to the war,
which at most, lias been 3s. per ton.
The question whether any steps can
and should be taken by special taxation or other means to draw for the
benefit of the State on exceptional pro-
tits made out of war conditions and
not justified by exceptional (services
Is a question of national policy which
the Commltteo consider to be outside
Cured Both Stomach Trouble
and Headaches
Pauibrston, Ont., Jumk soth, 1913.
"I really believe that I owe my life
to "Fniit-a-tives". Ever since childhood, I have been under the care of
physicians and have been paying
doctor's bills. I was so sick and worn
out that people on the street often
asked me if I thought I could get
along without help. The same old
Stomach Trouble and distressing
Headaches nearly drove me wild.
Sometime ago, I got a box of "Fruit-
a-iives" and the first box did me good.
My husband was delighted and advised a continuation of their use.
Today, I am feeling fine, and a
physician meeting me ou the street,
noticed my improved appearance and
asked the reason. I replied, "I am
taking Fruil-a-tives". He said, "Well,
if Fnut-a-tives are making you look so
.well, go ahead and take them. They
are doing more for you than I can",
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold t by all
dealeis ax 50c. a box. 6 for I2.50, trial
size 25c. or sent postpaid 011 receipt of
price by Fruit-a-lives Limited, Ottawa.
try on which such great national intrusts deiwiul cannot safely be left
iu -,i time or crisis to the working of
an unregulated system of supply and
demand. The Committee know or no
reasbn why prices of household coal
In London should remain Vt their present high level.—Reynolds'
are held equally responsible for the
Increases,  and  the Committee  state
state that the Impression left on their
minds is that the conduct of an Indus
Lord Kitchener's appeal to the miners of the country not to waste time
over long Easter holidays In view of
the urgency with which coal Is required for Government and railway
purpose's, has been most loyally responded to in Yorkshire. Nearly nil
the coll.'eries of the country worked
full time on flood Friday, and in many
instances, miners were "working yesterday. At some pits the miners
have even promised to forego the Bank
Holiday respite. In no case are they
taking more than two days in place of
the usual week, and in some instances,
only one day. Miners are making It
a point of honor to work to support
the many thousands ot their comrades
at the front.—Reynolds'.
Tii* femilv remedy  for Coughs snd Coldi.
an alt do**.   Small bottle.   Best sine* IW0-
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
.     It reaches Earner and Spender.     It appeals to them because it
^supports their cause.    The workers own the paper and control its
policy.      All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns.   Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
We have looked through your paper wiih considerable care and interest We might*take this opportunity to express our appreciation tor tne service as rendered so tar. We would also add that it ts one of the cleanest weektie* that wn
have run across in some time.    . JE FOUE
9 V.
,< *,«$
■ •! -   ,
Published every Thursday evening at iti office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B.C. Subscription: $1.00
per year, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
:olor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger,
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380,
portion of the community shall not use war for its
own special advantage, it must see to it that one.
section suffers the pinch no more than another.
If it takes over one industry on the plea of national
necessity, it has thereby established a precedent
from which it cannot recede if it is hampered in its
operations by allowing another industry to remain
in private hands.
If the State commandeer the railroads because
they arc necessary for the transportation of troops
it is equally as logical to expect it to do likewise
with the necessaries of life if, because of increase in
prices caused by private traffickers, the workers in
the various industries engaged iu the production
of war materia1! threaten to cease work.
Tlie troubles may be temporarily patched up as
was the case with tlie Clyde workers, but sooner or
later it bobs up in somi/other industry. The ease
of the Welsh miners is only one instance, and if
their increase is granted and the cbal mines left lo
the operation of private individuals, the enhanced
priee of coal will only intensify the problem, because
of its effect upon industrialists engaged in other
Tliis war is teaching many salutary lessons and
i completely upsetting many preconceived notions.
1 and will doubtless furnish additional food for
j thought liefore it is concluded. And not the least
! important of these is tlie failure of private own .r-
i ship of ppMic utilities lo meet with the requirements
' of the Slate iu times of stress such as obtain :n-
! day.
(Continued from Page One)
Vancouver indignates about the dumping of jobless on thai cily; Alberta protests at thc H. 0. cities
winking at the exodus'of 'hoes and reaching Calgary and other prairie towns via the side-door Pullman; ('. P. U. officials suggest that the workless
should bo sent, over the road for lengthy terms in
order to stem Ihe undesirable immigration. G-lor-
i ions civilization!    Advertise freely and keep a staff
LONDON7, April Jil.—A critical situation has
arisen among the coal miners. Representatives
of the Welsh miners have unanimously decided
in favor of tendering a fortnight's notice of a
proposed strike to the mine owners, in order to
eiil'oh.-o their demands for a 20 per cent, in-
ereuse iu wages.
The Miners' Federation of Great Britain will
meet Wednesday to decide what action will be
taken to compel the-mine owners to accede to
demands for a similar increase.
in view of the expected dropping of tools by the
miners if tlieir demands are not granted, we may
naturally expect there will bc the usual volumes of
abuse hurled at theni in the press, and the general,
public will be Strong in their condemnation of such! of &lib tongued artists lo dilate upon the glories
unpatriotic tactics. ! and beauties of Canada; spellbind on the prosperity
Before passing judgment liaslilv. we think it is| that awaits the artizan and agriculturist; spend lav-
limelv'to study tlie subject a little more closely.' ,sh,.v 0M the ereetio» aml ^rnishing ot beautiful
These men de.iiand an increase of twenty per cent. I cxh,blts m 0,,RM' li,,1(ls; RP* ,,,one.v fo1' "»' «»>d
At first glance this .nav appear unreasonable and: sioani transportation and then tfhcn tbe deluded
without the slightest, justification.     We do not so | l>ne 1S stranded suggest that he be boarded and fed
consider il. and will give our reasons for the belief | ut t,,° Government expense,
lhat there i.s suffieient cause for thc action taken.    !     We npe not Painting an overdrawn picture by any
Lis conceded onevery side that tl.e cost of living | 1,'eims- ,,ut P,vi«R « f'l,kl Plantation of common-
has gone up bv Jeaps and bounds throughout Great! "Im;i" l»«PPenings of every day life. To berate the
Hritain since lhe war started, and even prior to the! C.l>- Ru,hva-V Co".°1' "»? °!iier <--°rporatioH is not
outbreak of hostilities the figures we append below,
tii ken from Government authorities, show the decreasing purchasing power of the ,C in 1912 tl.e
value of the coal exported from the United Kingdom
was $42,584,484; in V.lV.i it was tiWAGtiO, an increase of over eleven million pounds sterling.
Now, let us turn our attention lo the wages quo.s-
of 100. and we find lhe lowest, reached was in 1905,
when t'he comparison with 1900 was 81.02, ihe high-j
est ratio occurring in 1907 with 90.25 as the repre-j
•seiitnt.ive, whiUt in 1912 it had dropped to 9IJ.SO. j
We have not the figures for any later date than 1912.
lint'as already slated, theeosl of living has risen h\'
inverse proportion to the rate of wages. j
That these men are going on strike for the merei
sake of taking n holiday we do not believe any rea-J
suitable person will assent. Then where should thej
blame be placed?
The miners daiin the coal operators are making
liuffo profits, therefore, as Iho purchasing value of
the shilling hits decreased they (the miners) must
be paid more.
The coal operators acknowledge tliey are making
more profit a I. present Ihan formerly, but contend
that "exewmive" is a wrong word lo use, and point
llie finger al the middle man arid retailer as the
culprits. Kite li one charged in turn has an excuse
nnd endeavor* lo shoulder the reapnnaihiliiy upon
Moiuelmtly else.
"He flint lis it may." «a.v» the miner, ''wc know
going to remedy the evil. These institutions exist
for the purpose of monetary gain. The bulk of Ihe
< itizens of this and other countries do not object lo
the principle of getting something for nothing,
therefore they have no reason to object to the effects of the practical application of the methods
wliich they sanction every time they cast a vote
-Xor.UliA-^ont-inuation-of-tiie-preseot-regirne: '-—
(Itobichaud) that ihis was not the
case, the foundation of the road and
an even rolling'to the finished sur:
face were indispensible to good road
making. And -Brooks seened to know
something about what he was talking.
The question of wages to be paid
was the next consideration, and it was
eventually, decided that 30c. per hour
be paid to laborers, and that supervisors receive 32i,ic. per hour.
After this motion had been passed
Alderman Robichaud was heard to-remark "She's steep! loo steep for these
hard times!" iThe iMayor thereupon
reminded him that he might have introduced an amendment If he had not
agreed, but this did not seem to console the alderman, who seem overcome
by .the .calamitous nature of the motion.
The motion was made to read that
only ratepayers in arrears with their
tuxes would ibe employed, but the engineer asked that exception to taken
in the case of two men who had been
employed in the capacity of foreman
and grader last year. These men
were experienced men, and he was permitted to engage them at the rate
of 32-VfsC per hour to act as foremen.
The Fire, Water and Light Committee's report was the next consideration am! it was decided to remove the
insurance uom all fire hose and equipment ns this was not protected \vhl:e
at a fire. .Both Alderman Marsham
and Brooks thought this was an unnecessary item, and thought the premiums saved might be applied to other
matters more important, the Insuring
or horses being suggested. This latter
suggestion was held oyer for information to be forthcoming at next meeting. -
•The next matter discussed was the
question of uniforms for the permanent fire officials.
Jackson thought that as this was an
exceptional year they should endeavor
to. save every cent, and in this he was
supported by Aldermen Brooks, Mar-
sham and Roblchaud, while Alderman
Barnes seemed to be of the opinion
that a uniform lent a certain amount
of dignity and authority to the chief.
Aid. Brooks suggested that if it was
a question of recognition that a badge
be supplied the chief, while Aldermen
Jackson and Barnes exchanged shots
across the table. The latter wanted
to know how they were to distinguish
the -chief at a fire—"By his voice," replied Jackson, adding that If they happened to be in plain clothes and an
alarm were turned in, it waa not advisable that they, should wait to get
into uniform. (
About this time some ono asked thc
Wc do not believe in the existing disordered way
i-f administering lo society's needs, although we are
"unpolled by the rules upheld by the majority   to
submit to its dictates whilst insistently and consist- he expressed his approval of the con
willy calling attention to its defects. !,lition of■FlrG cl?ier'B «»»«<»»•     Ber
granted to any city employees, except
where they can get their work done
at no additional expense to the Council
by a confrere.       .      '      , ; '"
Aid, Ja--.kson brought u;> tbe ques-
tloi: of the Isolation Hospital, and froai
what was said by him and Aid. Mar-
sham it would seem that considerable
da-mage has been done to city property.
Considerable discussion and possibly
a little unnecessary levity was displayed by some of the council. Por our
part we think the Aldermen are to
•be commended for the very thorough
interest they are taking in the city's
affairs and that they should' receive
every encouragement from the council.
We have to admit that the infusion of
new.blood Into the council has been
productive of much good, and trust
that they will persevere in their efforts.
After the consideration that the Iso
lation Hospital received we hope that
ivery effort will be made to keep this
institution ia good repair and raadv
for every emergency.
IMr. W. Dicken was present :md
spoke anent the question of a "cleanup.* He told the Council that there
were many people who paid to have
their garbage clear, and many waited
until Arbor Day in the hope of getting
them cleared for nothing. He could
not see his way clear to loan teams
under these conditions, and suggested
that tlie Council engage some one by
contract to clean tip the city.
As the hour was fast aproachlng
"closing time," and the press was not
desirous of offering the usual excuse
of "work," together with the fact that
several Insects had,.discovered their
retreat, It was decided to' "beat it"
—which was done accordingly.
The Council adjourned at 11.59 we
are Informed, but whether they made
the necessary two hundred yards before -the enchanting hour we have no
Arbor Day will be on the 2Sth of
Co-operative Plan Announced by Big
Corporation       '   >
BOSTON, Mass., April 19.—A -co
operative plan by which t^e Deuuison
Manufacturing company, a five million corporation will be turned over .to
employes for,management, and all employes will share in its profits, was
announced last night. Twenty-four
hundred employees are affected. Of
these about 200 comprising such, employes as earn $1,200 or more annually
will receive free an issue of industrial
management stock. This stock will
control the management of the company. -The other employes will share
in the profits, through provision for
annual or more frequent returns ou
their operating capacities,—-Ex.
The North Wales Coal owners' and
miners' representatives have agreed to
a new rate of wages for surfacemen
and boys.
All.mioeworkers are requested to -STAY AWAY FROM
BELLEVUE, Alta., as there is ,
not near enough work for
those already there. The men,
in this camp have been practically idle for the last five
months and there are no immediate prospects of improvement, despite the "newspaper
prosperity" that threatens
us every day.   STAY AWAY!
In consequence of all this a goodly
num-ber. of Italians, and not a few
Slavs, have decided to sever our connection with the general - union and
form one of our oVn, so that we know
what kind of bread we are eating.
-Who ls the most popular girl or boy
ln Fernie?     Ask yoyr daddy.
bers foregathered in the anticipation
present uniforms, and upon presenting himself for Inspection, Alderman
Roblchaud created much amusement
by the extravagant manner in which
(Continued from Pane Onr I
"HUnlone," Pueblo, Colo.
(Reproduced exactly as received.)
Guiseppe -Glgliottt—It affords me
pleasure to give the readers of this
journal the details of events connected
with Local 2314 of District Xo. 18, U
M. W. A.
In view of the expiry of the old contract with the coal companies and the
presentation of a new one, a special
meeting was called for the 21st of
March.   A goodly number of mem-
Kor mnny years past we have heard the cry "Pure
Oovi'i'iiiucnt." but this is as impossible of attainment today as it would be to get pure water from a
woll whose source of supply was defiled.
Kvery child ill-fed, every woman insufficiently
clad, overy man able and desirous of performing
useful labor in enforced idleness is a silent rebuke to
tho travesty upon civilization being enacted today.
The sympathizers with tho poor, the social reformers insult tlieir own intolligeiu'C when Ihey refrain from doing more than skimming emu* the surface.
The individual who suggests lhal the jobless be
Kent to gaol is in reality doing thc unfortunate a
greater kindness than the too-bad and it 's-o-wicked-
Nliainc gentry. heeauxi? there is a possibility in the
former case of arousing tlio victim to a stale of
conduitivcnexK that mny result in an intelligent re-
; hellion, whilst iu the lul tor instaiice it haa a ten-
volved thoroughly discussed, although
we were not notified until the aforesaid date although promise to do so
had been made.
The officials of the union shortly
prior to the termination of the old
eral of the alderman's graceful ges- ngreemont had advised us that If we
lures were necessary to Impress this
opinion, but he got them all In.
The next question was that of all
firemen In receipt of $10.00 per month
sleeping In the hall.
This created considerable discission
and the Flro Chief was cross-examl.i-
ed as to what were, the duties of'those
sleeping in tlie hall, and how much
of these those outside tho hall escaped.
The chief admitted that the men ia
the hall had certain work to do that
was not done by those outside, hut
thought the two men In question were
exceptionally Rood men. After a
great deal ot talking and a most emphatic statement by two of the council that the men In question did not
always get to the fire, and that tliey
could not possibly catch the wagon,
the fire Chief made the candid admission that, aa the wagon got away In
some seventeen or eighteen seconds,
i   The nest matter was tke pound tai
had tho hardihood to speak nut plainly ami I and an officer to collect tame.
Alderman Jaekton remarked that a
».»»• thing mm: wilh the wage* wo ro getting wo roj
unable to ob.ain « .Wont at.iul.nl of living. boo«u«, I *««* X\ hr™} N"*""** if not tan. j» w„ linpoiiJble for , mB who „,
.vory artMo w, havo to buy l»«* gone ..p in prioo." VU «■'•"« **"" •" "W P«*l« *»» do not lAoipot on th,> spot ,o catch the wagon.
..,.   ,    .    ,      #.,    '    .**..'.„».,., .,.,.1.  »«» «w ntliero auffor. hut fear for themse vea detew This clinched the matter and It was
At the ln«ginniug of Iho wartho govoniiiii'iit took   ....  . i ,i.»i-4.-i i. .i.. ih. m ... .. .»»».
'  ,   ,,,       .7, , ... ,„„„. ma „,   utl„A. ! tliem from delving into   ho eauao. leat the lanoiod ,Usc,,,*d t0 *,,f* tbt,tw0 *•* » °Wwr*
ooiitnil of tlio railway** and gimraulood llu- atiH-k- .      , "  , , .        . _.      (unity to sleep In the hall, and tailing
holder* thev would nol suffer any !•»» thoroby. and! J"rMr,l> ihv> ^7 ' ° "J*"1"' trom ^    T'7 same to till their placea.
uith the gmwing dinaffootio. .liitot ll.rn.itfhoHt  ,"m' "*«*» *••«» hn" M»"*n ™» «'«1 *«*«« «*»>   «• «*«* -"" — »~ — »»
Iho maniifrtHuriiig ooiiln«« il iaovidotil thai privato **..*..       ,**      *,*   * .
ii i       .i     ...    ..i.„^..t»... *„ it,.. «'•«• Honrod lost they Ion aiiffer a like rale,
••ntorpriw will |»av»< to Wrotuo atibKervieiit to Iho
Htnte's foiilnil. and iinit»iinli«uion, now operative "    -——-.-
wilh tho railn«uk trill bo oxtoudod mid oinbrii. o %«R PROPOSED B. 0. COMPENSATION ACT "awl mention^ h* certainly will re-
.vorv imderlnkiiig whhh m iloonuil owutlal to Ibo _      jl"''"* ■«» o»'r eonsMewble tlretlaeu
,'..,.            , v- im   ..i            .i          i             <ii i    #      > 4i   ' h«t possibly meant of aviating around
ii,*d«of tho Army and Navy. KNowhoro in Hhhi i>nliitim<* will l»* found *'»«* j ^ wafka will   also  ite  necessarr
Wo «ro im! di»« tiding I ho *rinlitiioi»*" u»r lh.* r*|Hirt «f « meet ing hold in Vir-titria at whioh thej a motion wat patted lato the Co-sneii
wronfriieaft" of «bU pnH-ediiro. but pointin-g out   Workim-n'* <'nnipeimntimi Aot waa diaoiiiwod by;thtt an attempt be made to Impound
iu ini'vilability if Iho |in»woitlitin of tlio war wilh  Allonioy.dt'itonti ltnWM>r and orilieimHl by well- j w-rtaln "mahogany Hals" that created
Iho |f«at amount »f Inlornal friHmti U t» In- Hi.-! known speaker*. iU'm* * «,,rf",or »» lJ|* ««•■*» rb*m"
,. ... , ...    ,       , . ,    , ,        . .       . . ,,  .     ... ,      ber, and when* attention lo Ihe »*nu
pi moo ofiii«idcra(i*»ii of Ihi- gutrrtittioiii. Wo do not intend to go into a detailed erilioiani ^un^BtgttrM w„ g^ d,a» -gimoa!-
\V»> *U* n«t iiimgiiM' that •«*«•»» U»*4 intr*m!u.'twnt *>r »i ibi- timo, but do ranaidor Iho rent in? of plenary ;u  was •sptri#n*r«Hl la fladias Mr
liiriiiiiiii. miiUiihIn will In* fffooti'd wilhoiil opponi   |imti>rx in tmt' individual has a tendettey tit aulo-jkesdgMr al the close of ametiag or
lion lw»ing tnadi» ihi»r<*to, vol p*y do fionoafly Mii«Vf rraoy rnthor than demnentey.     The plan adoptod *',*,, wl«hlagte depart.   Theeotaefl,
wont on strike it woald be at our own
expense because the District did not
bave sufficient funds to finance a conflict.
Upon the meeting being called to
order the secretary ofthe local, realising the importance of the purpose for
which the gathering was called .requested tbat Interpreters be selected,
whereupon a member suddenly jumped
In protest and said, "Let's talk English, not In Italian." From this we
have consequently understood that we
Italians were not particularly welcome.
When the member referred to spoke
the President got up britkly and accepted the suggestion without further
ado. It was thereupon decided thnt
the meeting waa In session, and that
those who wished to participate tn the
deliberations ought to speak and understand Rnglith. Furthermore. I
with to state that after we bad elected (Mr. Dave Rees at Board iMember,
In a meeting Id which the affairs of the
baad were under dlscottloa In relation
to tke services given to the eity and
the question of the formation of another hand, he spoke of one aa
"white," which meant the Amerlcant,
and "dago" to dlitlngalth the Italians.
So long as we paid onr money we
Once Bitten—Twice Shy,
Advertising,may make a poor article sell for a
while, but the most persistent advertising would
not induce you to make a second purchase of a
thing that turned out to be fraudulent, and the
profit on the first sale would never pay for the
Do you not think the advertisers know this?
They fully realize that the very first essential of
success is to have something worthy, something
that people want- and will keep on buying.
If you see a thing advertised regularly week
after week, year after year, it is safe to conclude
that it possesses actual nlerit and is well worth
its .cost.
See .the Great Northern Agent. He can arrange, your rail
and steamship booking over "any line yo mvish to travel
cheaply and quickly. Passenger train for main Hue leaves
Fernie 10.30. Passenger from main line arrives 9.30 a.m.
Train daily except Sundays. We connect with. G.N.P.S.S.
'boats. Great Northern and Northern Pacific ht Portland
and San Francisco and tho Fair.
Wo solicit your KXP11KHS
and FKNIGHT business lo nil
J. S. COLE, Agent, Pernie
Box 438 Phone 161
mil Hv* on* «ra*» p^wtrH, »tv4 If bl  'litre good people Ai&il foi titles itints
In to Impound all the quadrupeds and |consecutively we hsve paid from It.lSJ
tn IS as monthly, tmt do not know what
disposition has beea made of It.
and peaceful security as weU.
With a poller In onr old line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or tlelt th* eodt bt the
earth aod you know you're, no
care. »The beet In
la always cheaps*. Md eaiwei-
tily so wben It doesn't coot
higher. Dont delay abe«t that
renewal or shoot that etfra la-
tu ranee you wtnt but eome right
In at one* aad have It atteMed
MA     V Afi'TWll
• Ao HURm9 jl x^ je* k
•oli AOtNT ron piknii
it rBKttUE, B. fe
TO m tOUl HIKAP -A aoMber of
tablet and kitchen chairs.     Apply,
I*4g*r Office.
■ iiwiBi ■mi1 in ttimmmmAm
IfOH    MAIM   tllEAI'-T«o4lom
liny: very little wear: tellable fee
for the «*ram„iiiil intrraitt »f th«*«. for rtw.m |»«. i hy lt,r Hlat^ »r <»^fon in thf appointment *f Hie j ^ ,SlE?tl^If .SSJf^ ,W-!n!? ***** *****    ^ "** "^"^l
.r<ti...t.u primiuaril.v fuiir|i»»n it ill forv-r tli«' %t*p%  I-mid «if ( »mmi<u»iuii<-TM piwiudf* tlie piwwbiliiy     iiyu* m, n tewperary Im* -^-*aw ; ■-——"— -~— —-•
outlined fr* lie taken. "* Mitl«>iil Uia«. on it apt'tificalk pnnides that > wnn rent and pa*t#d, !   Qt*AttTBH imrTfO.Vef I*AXf» POH
lu nltoi't. Hte fiitin- Htlualum ri'**oUt'H it*e1f into  ;!uci- nli«Il u«»t lw a tnaj<»rily *4 uiritriier* of n parti      The Assessment Goort will m ..*« i »AUt-2lt »»»* .Nerth*i»t of net-
%\i\m pnailimi:   Th« .^ptoited xtttpk*in* «>* llw Uvifrr   ftthv alritir .« Ik* hmvxl I M"5' W\ml '»" &*J** ^ "Wj "*•     A"f^< Wa* »5* Pwih., AI4a.
lb*"*' w*»eii fb»* m**r* *b#»v lia*.* to tmr f»»r **th*r «*t»w <     Mr   lb*w«**m\ ^wtJtntiaUt**, tt*** ♦».« 9,*vn,«t»*»*,..*t <fc*'* ■■* •*tfc ■to■, <*^r •••*»••*»,**
'nt-nil-tlti*       Th'**  i-mit-mi**  ttxe <*  llwf  n-n*\  then': **t ****» »»»iU- -,^-mwV-wnti^" 01 the jsVn nf ft'ntitnvy "    ^^.^ MM. ^ n^ m« anm.-a>.iti
Ibi't-c is ab iiutlMir*!      h\ lb-- pr, »,>*nt iiv«lnin-«' \tr\t '' *   v.r*aJ'. v.hi%i llw nmnwl t-t remttwralMm h \*ror-\iitt leipi, Iwt seteim|jf those ««iIh
'"mm."* tmmm*r*yii mrktmtm* «* *t «t»tre„ bm** jmrntt*i tidily ettfonl t thnt foM tet tmt rtf*mpMlirt**j l<» ■ tb* 00m pmaiM ffiwtiw Htp,
■ "fnttreirts will h* inlmtsltiiaffd to the Htati-'s <-t J Un- Pnuin-ial Parliament.     We ahall have mores
^fr*,,,*.* ir* 9f,r *'"* *♦*♦•» Ar* tnlrr
Thl* war * |««ving llie way In th* pext «r««at *t«|
Waldorf Hotel
Mr*.S. Jenniofg, Prop.
L. A. Mill*, Manairer
Ahem* mm hvndredlnl iwtetitr flfal-
Inr* hit horn tmn* by Ih# rlly noob
1 *»**»*. »
W. A. HeMemaa Mi Co. wtll bo
in tke »-r oln j ion of < wpitalism: vur. tbe iliminntioii        SihihIkih steadily wins ita wny nndfrnealh all ibo salltert tm ihe eity aeit ymt.   *~
mn $MJR. or RKKT
im trom XrO**. gows -tsukert.
l1   lull*   .«   Ui,,
$ Cnitet.
t twrti, tPpfmiMsHi
At  AAj&m&Mmm
s noraee
it Acres of land an cleared.
tkmmy m *. t*. *******.-*. -mm. px» ,
V. O. Bet It |
Mtnu a Ia Carlo
WTATOtb ron tAut
*tf peivate owiwndiip nml the ^tlertainn i*f ttrwifrii- tV.tt*ren*e%     linnfiiafe. fHifkm. fimm ol f«rern. \   T** ®*tC1tt1t ooototito -ttww what
pmttUo otmtttoL . inomt *t mhorti*r ...iugrow.b,tM» **•«•( J.X^tU^SlSSr^Is   Aoboioobtmmombootpommn
A« Ridwrf Siwill-r. -Hf !h* M»n#r»* IVderatiwn. «f Xnetalenn nndrrlw* all thew. fte-r Vm*    • ';fW»We mwheall' **rt*frf. ntf nevrtf r^
imml* ml. ti ptii't* imt,' M-initi- Dn-ii tm' wurkcrv "ikn'mhmti m* h.ngrr atmnwe-r* #ael*witi«4y tm *; The Co«M*a*wW nadeaiHi to ^o« hand pls>»i,soltabte farther wed or ji
wimM f,-t*t,%n%*h- %** ■tttitt-f *t..'ii*t"»',t wliii-i, »»»#'.*»»■»•' ttmrtn-t* halt h<*trm*$ It "ra nf horn* In w-iy ,\rn ' *"»>t fnr hornft on ccrtate rocnot -kail,,,w* *** ^^ **'£> trnW-t pwjii'if ,w
If ik* !H»t* my* men aimii *■#•* tmt pot ntnU*. H \ rrieon dmie*.     It m trngrr opoihmtm. it defies ktJ^ZJ^l - m ** ****   ^l-^**?*t*9 mfi^.^^ii^mTJ
tt.— -^-.it^•    WP^.mm** ttttm*****-*m juguM Am.j^m^mg^ ftwH AAbh ^^^^Jl^ p^^* -^m-^-^ib^
spccnii Katw Botra mpb iww pj -mt ween or ntonto
Ih^-plHT ismwtNe** aw rtMifssf^m il*l ttwy *4»all !♦♦•'• .Ittarw*! «t*l#*dr it wins* «««civm«mir, fHftjr mnny-
AM. ttaWrtuind wm tPpnitmml omhm m mom ot ***** .m* cam 1*
•'istiwte agftnattnif aad err hew mach *****    tttm tltA tot ItbAo.
l*mi,\ anffWnt t*» *mftXm thn* t** h«*f> thf <aw*d.t.*dI **on, nml moriy 0 thmmiot eW*e^ -effiewk--I.»%mpotm mm Am rtny,' ■'■■MmtlIcANI> * -tAAtWUtA'Mttxr V*,,
ttt lifiagp fntan hritop Immmrtmt      If if «a|r« lhal   ttt*i.titobmm Ittwwfc*. |   Tmm Pttt bt pn WKNbj» tm tmt ' *«**« ^FotAtot- A C
».-4io :%
* «♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ •♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦,♦*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦'*♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦►♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ pm -p p.ppm>
of The  District
PP* P* PP P. Pr P* + P* + *> +P ♦,♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦«*♦ ♦'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦►♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦  ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦  ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦*"»*♦.♦♦
Saturday was pay day up her?. The
jnlnes were idle from 3 p.m. Priday
until 7 a.m. Tuesday.
.Jack pooley arrived back in camp
irom Brazeau during the week-end.
.Messrs. - A. I,, Fisher (prospective
X.iberai candidate at the next Provincial election), Ed. Cooraer and .D.
Ulack, were in camp during the latter-
part of last week, and started the work
necessary for the Liberal interests in
this burg. A live committee will be
started and shortly we may expect
a rally of all supporter.
The stork paid a visit io Coyote Sf.
leaving a son and heir to Mr. and Mrs.
.lohn Hewitt.
Commencing on Sund.iy, April 25th,
tlie .Rev. J. Stoodley will commence a
series of sermons In the Methodist
Church.' A hearty Invitation is given
to all.     Questions are invited.
Our local leather chasers journeyed
■to Fernie ou Saturday'to participate In
-a friendly game of "chase the elusive."
The Fernie boys proved victors liy 4
:goals to 1. Now, Tommy, It's up to
you to do more coaching.
; The mother of Mrs. Robt. Schramm
Svas removed to Fernie Hospital on
Monday evening, but In spite of every
attention passed way before the morning. The deceased lady was we'.l-
known and respected In the camp and
the sympathy of residents go out to
those left to mourn.
Coal Creek was well represented
iifthe "Moose" social held at the lodge
room on Monday evening. The scribe
has been repeated asked when the long
promised social of the order is to be
held up here? Our answer Is: Get
down to the lodge meetings and bring
the matter up for discussion.
W. & Greenhlll, the master mechanic up here, is spending a short vacation at the coast.
The many friends of Hob Johnstone
■will be Borry to learn of his misfortunes since his arrival on the old
. soil. Having lost the youngest baby,
and his wife's condition being such
that nurses and doctor are In attendance day and night, Bob Is having
more than his share of trouble. AVe
trust to hear better news in the future.
George Harrison is leaving camp
attendance. The subject, "The Fallacies ot Reform," was ably dealt with.
Comrade Connors gave a very graphic
description of the conditions of Vancouver Island, etc. Questions were
asked and answered. J. E. Smith
occupied the chair.
Our local tonsorial artist, Bob Hol-
land,.„has left the camp for a short
vacation in the old country.
Church Notices
.Methodist Church—Sunday, 2.30 p.m.
Sunday school and -Bible class; 7 P.m.,
Prayer meeting; 7.30 p.m., Gospel service.
Presbyterian Church—Sunday, 2.30
p.m., Sunday school; 7.30 Gospel service, subject, "The Six Indispensable
Features of Christ." Preacher, Walter
Joyce. A solo will also be given during the evening. All welcome.
Mrs. T. Mason's Benefit Concert
•Held under the auspices of Coal
Creek Amateur Dramatic Society.
Cash per C. N. P. C. Co payroll $275.00
Taken at door  1.1.50
Per .7. Combe    5.00
Per D. F. Markland   2.00
Per G. A. Mitchell  1.50
Per J. -T, Mawson  .*. .50
Donation (A Friend)  5.00
. -$302.50
•   Expenditure
Musicians for dance   ?   6.00
Printing   8.00
Sundries     1.00
Cash handed to Mrs. Mason..   287.50
D. F. Markland, secretary.
♦ ♦ ♦ ■♦ ♦ ♦♦♦^►♦♦♦<*
p. ♦
Two cars of coal were loaded last
week at the Canada West and three
empties were taken'in today (Tuesday) so that there will be work for a
section of the mine this week,
Hon. A. J. McLean Is in town this
iveek on business.
Hob Marsh, who is training with the
.Mounted Rifles at Medicine Hat) was
visiting friends for the last few days.
J. O. Jones wns a visitor on Friday
and Saturday.
It Is reported that a C. P. R. detec-
The next meeting of (he Dramatic
Society will be held on Sunday afternoon at 3.30 p.m. All members please
govern themselves accordingly.
The ne>t concert aod dance helij
under the auspices of the Amateur
Dramatic Society will take place on
June 9th. The society are making
extensive preparations to put on a better show than the last. Paste the
date in your hat. Further particulars
Tom Connors, the candidate-elect of
tlio Socialist Party, gave a very In*
structive address In the Club Hall on
Tuesday evening before a  moderate
An economic class was organized on
Friday night for the purpose of trying
to get the men of this camp enlightened as to why things are in their present position. S. Stubbart will deliver an address at the next meeting on
Peter Head is, going out on Saturday
to herd sheep for the summer. A
miner who, makes Taber his home has
to be a jack of all trades, and it keeps
him busy then to keep body and soul
together. There is not much fear of
any miner here going on trips to the
old country or anywhere else without
a benevolent government furnishes
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦•«»♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
Heaver iMlnes is fast approaching
that of the Deserted Village of "Sweet
Auburn" immortalized by the Poet
Oliver Goldsmith. On the 15th inst.
the bar department of the Beaver
Hotel was closed and the manager, Mr.
Newhouse, with his wife and family,
left for Edmonton next day. John
Scott fScotty) is acting as caretaker
and running the dining room as usual,
Jim ..Mursliall, master mechanic, with
his wife and family, left for Calgary
on the ICtli inst. /
A farewell dance was held in the
Pioneer Hall on the evening of 15th,
but hail it not been for the number of
Heaverites that journeyed from Burmis, .Bellevue, etc., it would have been
a tame affair.
Tho homestead of Mr. Scoby was
visited by pig .hunters on Friday evening and a sow pig, about to have a litter and a full grown hog, after being
stunned by a heavy hammer were carted away in a rig. The police were
able to find the rig, but so far they
have not located the porkers.
Quite a large bunch of witnesses in
the Kobza' stabbing case visited the
pollre court at Pincher Creek on the
111th Inst. Tom Kobza, Austrian, who
stabbed his cousin Albert Kobza at
Beaver a fortnight ago last ^Saturday
was further remanded for trial. Albert
is still under medical treatment.
sent him to prison they heaved a sigh
of relief.
•But alas! Fred Holt in prison has
multiplied himself. Socialism grows
everywhere, and when the jail sentence expires Holt and his host will
march forth, thanks to the operators
and their hireling judge, trained and
equipped revolutionists and full to
their toe-tips of the fighting spirit
which is crowned with victory or
tlviTwas in town last week in connection with some grain doors that had
been carried off the company's property. Several people have heen summoned to appear In court for stenllng
the company's property.
Mr, Howard returned from Minneapolis on Monday,
A football game will take place Wednesday afternoon between the officials
of the Canada West and the business
men of tho town. A collection will
be taken in aid of the tobacco fund for
the men on the firing line." As some
of the men on both teams hsve never
been guilty of kicking a ball a lively
game It expected.
Have You Ever Thought
tfjT about -the kind of beer your
|| nre iti the habit of drinking?
We are not knockers of any other
product,-but thero are grades of excellence iu beer as well as in almost
everything else,
No beer is brewed which is purer
than Fernie Beer, none browed iu a
moro Scientific, Hanitary, Cleanly
way, none with a moro delicate, delicious flavor than you will tind in
this British < Columbia product.
Socialism grows anywhere, everywhere. Everybody and everything
helps It to grow, Us worst enemies
nre its best friends. Strange, but
watMi it and you will find It works
out thnl way every time. The reason
is that Socialism Is truth applied to
society and truth finally wins out lie-
cause everything has to square with
it in the end.
The most thriving, woll-attended
nml enthusiastic Socialist local is the
one in the federal jail Ht Fort Smith,
Ark. It numbers thirty-six members.
It meets every day and every flight
In the week; Is In fact In continuous
si'Hsloii, There Is never an absence
nt roll call. The federal government
pays the rent anil furnishes the mem-
hers with light, heat and sleeping
<|iiartors. These are not or tho bett,
It Is true, but there It no complaint
on the part of these choice and cheerful comrades.    .
The ttory of this local Is Interest-
Ing and dramatic enough to.put on
the stage.
Fred W. Holt It the hero of the
nlory. Holt, district secretary, and ten
of hit fellow miners In fhe I'nited
Mine Workera were teiitenceil to Jail
and fined heavily for fighting bravely
for the striking miners in Arkansas.
The Judge, a corporation hireling, waa
determined to itrlke Socialism Itt
deathblow, Hoit having beea the So-
claim party candidate for Governor
of Oklahoma In the laat election and
having polled tome 50,000 votet,
-t-nomcb tu ibroa uu aatul ware Into
the mineowners tnd other exploit**"
who rule thtt section.
When Holt and hit comrades, eleven
In all, oegan nerving their tlx months'
Those who predict that the present
war will end militarism imagine that
they have only to deal with the soldier, in this they are mistaken. They
have to deal with the investor, quite
as much as with the soldier. Today,
militarism is allied with capital as it
never was before. Millions upon millions are invested in industries that
produce munitions of war. The profits also are very great. Governments
are good customers; they want the
best; they pay good prices and pay
cash. Those having millions in such
industries will not see them vanish
without a struggle.
In the days before machinery dominated the battlefield, the forces working for peace had to reckon only with
monarchs and a military class that
followed military life as a profession.
Outside of these there were few vested Interests of account profiting solely through war. There were no Important industries whose profits declined in proportion as the doctrine of
peace and good will progressed. As
soon as the soldier dropped the sword
or tlie musket he went back to peaceful employment. Hut now to prepare
for war and to make war is a great
business. All important states are
convinced that they must have the establishments that go with it. This
mean's that they must bev kept employed. So the work of the pacifist is
not easy. 'Machinery which, In many
respects, has lightened the labor ot
mankind, hns also increased the power
of militarism.—Moose Jaw Morning
(Ed.—'The above statement is a
clear recognition that militarism is the
inevitable progeny of the Profit System, and the ending of the former is
impossible so long as the latter exists.
TtegaI3less~of theToiifd'soundlng utterances of the Kalserlsm mouth-annihila-
tors, so long as King Capital reigns,
under every flag, Militarism Is in no
danger of extinction!)
earned profits into the laps of the pro-
fitmongers. Virtually His Majesty's
Government gives, by the budget, a
choice of rulers. The people may
elect to serve King George or King
Capitalist. If they seek to advance the
interests of the Empire by contributing to the expenses of the King's Government they are put under the necessity of buying imported goods. If
they wish to pay tribute to King Capital, they must buy goods made in Canada, not by him, but by the army of
workers whose labor he exploits, and
who do not share to the extent of one
cent in this legalized plunder of the
consumer.—Canadian Co-Oyerator.
The family of Jonathan Drajici, who
was killed in Detroit, were awarded
15000 damages. Of this amount the
lawyers get all but $200, which has
been handed over to the family. The
chap who drew the picture of justice
with scales in her hand and a rag
tisd over her eyes, was wise beyond
The above item, culled from the
Vancouver Province, reminds us of
the story of the Irishman in/the U.S.
who was knocked Insensible by a falling brick when passing under a build-
,-lng in course of construction. A lawyer passing tyy undertook to bring
suit for damages, and after considerable time and attention had been given
to the case, succeeded in obtaining an
award of $500. The day following the
decision the -Irishman called at the
lawyer's office and received a detailed
bill.of costs amounting to 499.00 and
a silver dollar. Pat looked at the bill
and then at the dollar, saying as he
tried his teeth upon the "cartwheel,"
"Phwat's the matter wid it; is it bad?"
Mrs Whimster—2 cholera belts, 1
jjair wristlets, 31 wash -cloths, 33 handkerchiefs, 113 cup covers.
Mrs. Will Walker—tOO-mouth wipers
..Mrs, J. J. .Martin—100 mouth pipers.
•Mrs, Barber—1 pair socks.
Mrs. iMac-Millan—1 pair sicks, 3 pair
wristlets. 'y...
Mrs. Duthie—2 pair socks.
Mrs. Bonnell and committee—475
Sent to Ked Cross Society, Vancouver, April 17, 1915:
50 Wristlets, 19 belts, 21 caps, 1
scarf. 110 pair socks, 59 handkerchiefs,
113 cup covers, 31 wash cloths, 500
mouth wipers, 478 bandages.
The annual church parade of the I.
O. O. F. will take place on Sunday
next April 25th. " Members will assemble at the K. P. Hall at 6.45 and
parade to the Presbyterian Church,
where service will be held. All members and visiting brethren are earnestly requested to bp present.
During the war members of the Hull
police force receiving wages of less
than 30s. per week vyiUbe granted a
war bonus of 3s. weekly, and those receiving 30s. per week „and over will
obtain 2s. weekly.
Amoiig the Canadians at the front
are quite a number of lacrosse players who are making use of their knowledge of stick-wielding to the discomfiture of the Germans by "firing" hand
grenades  nt  them   with  greater  pre-
,' In our Issue of March 20th we gave
the details regarding the arrest of
T. Tasc'huk at Shipenge, Alta., under
circumstances which savored largely
of Russian methods. When the case
came up for appeal on the 13th inst,
the charge was dismissed and the
$1000 bail bond given back.
Make a Corner
Collect the Cushion
Cover Coupons with
every CljicUt Package
♦ ♦*►♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
"cision and" force tliun is possible eveu
by those possessing a pitcher's arm.
am Buk
Post Office-
Letters—One  cent..
Post Cards—One cent.
Money Orders—Two cents.
Bank Notes—Quarter of one
per cent on circulation.
Cheques—Two cents.
Bills   of   Exchange — Two
■Premiums—One   per   cent.
on net premium.
Trust and Loan—
Company   Tax  — One per
cent, ou gross amount.
Telegraph—One per cenL
-Cable—Qne  per cent.
Transportation —- Steamship
.   Exceeding $10—One dollar.
Exceeding $10—Three dollars.
Exceeding   $60—Five    dol-
■"    lars.
Train   Sleeping   Berths—-Ten
Train    Parlor   Seats—Five
Railway   Tickets—Over   $1
ander $5, 5 cents.      For
each $5 over, 5c.
Wealthy Enriched; Poor Must Pay in
This Tariff Oppressed Land
For some time prior to the war free
trade nrltaln was enjoying great prosperity; In protectionist Canada work
wns scarce. Notwithstanding our
groat natural resources, many thousands of wealth producers were condemned to semi-starvation. The reduction of the volume of wealth re-
need the profits of the labor exploiters, na well ns the Incomes of the
workers, Governments, as at present
organised, cannot artificially provide
wealth productive employment; so
une lul diluent* must exist as best they
can. The lives of their young and innocent rlilldrwi musi be rendered miserable, and tlieir health permanently
Impaired ns a punishment for the past
folllci of the profiteers, As to the
profltoers themselves thc remedy Is
esxny and simple, All (hat In necessary
Ih tn pus* an 'Act o( Parliament lit*
creasing the profit! of Canadian capitalists by five and seven and a hnlf
per cenl, Thewby greater profits
ran he takea out of a reduced output
of goods. The -Government of Canada,
whichever party mav be In power,
being run by rapltallatw ror eaplta)l*tf
lhat worse I* the'remedy adopted.
Under Which Kln-jf
The ostensible purpose Ir to aiak«
The members of the Loyal Order of
Moose and their friends gathered In
the K. P. Hall on Monday evening last
and spent what was admittedly one of
the best evenings since the Inauguration of the order. Considerably over
one hundred members with their wiv.
es and friends were present and thoroughly enjoyed the good things in the
shape of musical nnd voci! items, together with eatables, that had been
provided. The gentler sex was much
In evidence aud lt was evident that
all had come with the earnest determination to spend an enjoyable time
and get acquainted, Tho Chairman,
John Sweeney, who ls also Dictator for
the ensuing term, handled the affair
like a veteran, and the .Mayor thanked
all those present who had assisted in
any wny to male* n hiiccoss of the
gathering. After the eats had been
consumed, the fljor wu* clesr<*l nnd
dancing Indulged In until th* early
hour of morn, when the gathering
broke up loud In Its expressions of approval at the stirres* of thc affair and
the ability of ihose re»ponnll>l** to arrange nodal affair*.
The brothers wish to convey their
heartiest itpiirtu iailon to the many ur-
tint* fur their klinine** In assiHlliia at
the social and truss that tliey will be!
able to obllae on future ncciaiou*.
The next ltfin will be the arranging)
■>? tm ilti&r iuilul t»u-iu, mi iuolkuut-*
for 'Wooiw>" |»l< mUh. flnhlna |»arllf»», I
elf., «»tc    He, «n<l (♦i-vn mnm- I
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Date —■ Every
Excellent Cuisine.
In the  Pass.-r
Convenience.- •
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your houn» from cellar to garret aad at hot-
torn prleaa.   Call, write, phone or wire.   Ail orders glvea
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tell ethers.   If not satisfied, tell on.
Be Good to Yourself"
. up n dcflel-Pticy livr-pveanp lo m«i>t thi»
.eateneelo the/all at Port Smith the> „„„„,„»„„„. of lhfJ K,ni-( Canadian
fouad twenty-flva other federal prison-
ers were serving Jail aenteneas for
various minor offenses for which the
poor are sent to Jail ander capitalism,
thero wis not a Hoclallsl among theee
when Holt and his bunch of revolt*-
ilr-n|»t« entered there. They weee
ill Republicans and Itemoeratt,
.Vow there la not a liepuiillcnn or
liemofrat In tbe lot. The whole tw<tR.
tr fire bnv* been converted and hats
Joined the tool In Jail, consisting of
now thirty alx nuunber*, aad probably
iIip only one or lis kind la the world.
ii!*** cwanvwt&ct oa the ontat-An have
ttent llelt w#ll mifmti-iNt erlih Hmwuw
| ittttf be bas made good nie ef it.  Th* I
!umv»n» ar*^ "" ealhwetastle.     Ta*?
aow haow why the poor are sent to
, ".u'l mi tbt t'kb :« the ieeatw.
Here am two tela ot prisoners, vtr-
Mm* «f csjkMsllMe. 4HMtlw«l«lv emmm***
dovrrtin.ent.   That «ii|geitlon Is, ho*-
evrr. a transparent deceit.     We nre
ura-Pd to lis "psulotle"; to buy ("ana
(Man road* g«o<U,     If wn do, the de
f'eif ttey will continue to e*lnt; aoi a
'I'll' * III go iu iht« iiitlou-il tMMwury
it w« buy nothiiig but merebnndl*« of
Canadian msnurMCturr.     Tha olilixc
uf ib« uatlifi .><»«! *««? ".Made-in-^an-
•ida" campaign, nt* ttmilar In denttn
aad have their origin In tbe one and
the *nm* nanrt,
to pour by both
•»i yet with n prrattar affinity for
erne another.
Iloli and hi* tra romcadee are In
Jail for ffihtiag th* brum nyatem lhat
mnl tbelr iweaty-flv* nom, Jo-Maea
follow priMtaors to Jill. The •hole ot
hbxm *r>.» of tM \i:«ttlim 4u, U la
jaa lafe-NHrttaf stwiy ami a vnbpm
.:::it y-jitn.'di it-iiit-*: Utnmmm.
not Hen la a typical IMtmtrtal
•ataolai aai ft*J«I5»« ft# mtmt not
fawffht tor fhe mlnen without »*ver
lat thnoffh the flerevM Ot thtlr bst
H*e The efwmtara tmmi not bote*
mtf¥WIWSi <fltm- ,n,f *^''n ^'fr toot u Lb* itmtm-k*
.Moore Kernandes, a rolomd barber, ■■
•Hed diirlna lit* enrly boor* <>f Kundiy '
niornttiR at Um* n»»ldence of n fr.i'nd,'
Owlna to thif t»vi tbu death occum-ii j
without moiilral tn>»tm«,nt ha»inti
bw«ii called, tin* i oroi»»r was oiled,;
iVlll'ttMipoil   III'   fu.1)1*1   l!    Ul't'i'itiiliy   111
told a a Hit|iH»*t Ihi* wn* hehl tilt
Vluiid«> ewititiK. iti:il from Mu «vi*
d#iiee adduced it was kar tie I that 4** <,
t*em*ti had lawn ullln* for nome con
■uttereiriK utae, ant had not noux!tt
■mclir.il uld. fnr m»mt* turn month*, M,r
Imi bin friend*, nlthottih he bad i>ec«
We ere cspeeie'l) uneonnclous sfiire Tluir<*l«j last. Aft* r
methods more »•»•{ luMrlna tu*- e»icieii(e oi nix wtirM>»i<*i
  ' I'iilltfil1,  the Jury  rtf.ii.nHc I  t*.*  vicnUi t
""..■Jiuj'BUiH......, .!||i.illl".llll JDmi rff<v*Mrij UaJ 4ted » itatiiri-tl il««»tli
t< w<i**<i #1 ttt»atmii<->rr**g*>, and alta liiun I
■ ti*j,i, ititi m ii,,* aviv«4*«e.| * tiwu<j.a. *tt«
.),4iJ **»i*tm-4 ntuitt i*»j»k)3»i<»i.;;if» in
' •i-TMtiii'iM'll'flfli m-W'--> ii'-* iif**"?** ■><? *)N *''t*
!r«'*ee4, and wh» wrre at sll ttmm
i fully ii«ari> of b'.-*- t aailllion. *liou]'' hr
,lt. ..**.....   ,«.   IwtMf   •■«>«MN''t   Hi  n<*\ flit-
j in* In a  |«!o»iii«is  within ttt**  aw*
l»reri-(!!at thr tlrmt**.
Strength Part
Fifty Yetn
<aa It wmmttimibj
tPtttftm bttttttbf
ttoiio Xtmtt'o Fmmlttoti
ott ftNMfflbttac tOOOMOn u MM
t»f Bwfafam for auutf ymu
JKb^AA'fa* Jk^h^^L^uk *^m i£  j&M^l. tb
ttm oot • nott m Imp the
m. O P   ^^      im^mttA
ami fllwait aervet
ms»   •■■»
k.    tmm
In th*- .%fbfrtJ tintttt* mi4*r <*a?e
at April l"»th ** aotr »h» ai*p«lat«H>al
bv ih* IJIewtonant timartttr-'n-t'tmni-'l
of Mm* I J. I. Ii#*-«m**«lj« M.U mt *M.r-
It'titl    nt   -mt-ii-ii 'ii   tmtt-itf**   n>**#••-   *'.<-
W*",'irl,«i»-Ii'|i   t'i »l(,'f"li*il1ii>li    ^i!
Among th«* names ef lb* m»ml**k>»-''
(* r* tm i.tkii,ti affaJavtt* a*** t'Oom «f;
:,rsm**« *M. <**rt*r. W*traii««, Ro'jott;
• Mwart «Mi»KlfeV^. fWmaci'     W     I-'
t*ha?w*n.    rhla#*h:    ftr    ItiOn    O '
iVtmnr. Wtb'>rI4f**.
Company - "Tht Quality Storei*'.
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Every-
thing in Shoes
See us for the best in
Men1* Suits, Shirts & Shoes
Onr Spring Shipment* of these Good* are all in hnntt emit
tn« Maortntiit it comftlete with the nnartett fttmtn nml h*n
pombif valuta.
We have icnleiade-d thii w«ek a Car ci Floor and Fttd
?mij Fiotir 96ibs $4.00 neil
Gold Seal 98lbs $3.60 nett
Also   Bran,   Shortf    Crnohed Corn,
Corn and Feed Oats
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alu.
Tht Store That SAVES You Monoy TageSlg
By Frank N. Slddall
(From ^aper read -March 9, before
,the Manchester Geological and (Mining Society.)
A committee was appointed in 1908,
by the late Royal Commission on
Mines to "Inquire into the Causes of
aud Means of Preventing Accidents
from Falls of Ground, Underground
Haulage, and in Shafts." The Committee went very thoroughly into, the
subject of methods of timbering tfnd
working coal seams, and tliey came
to valuable conclusions, which are
embodied in their report. To summarise, very briefly, the more important
of these, it. may be said that they
found that—
(1) The longwall system is the
liest method of working coal seams.
(2) The lace should be kept
straight, and worked as rapidly as
ta) Packing should be as well done
as possible.
(4) Systematic timbering should
be insisted upon.
(5) Greater use should be made
of temporary supports—that is, In the
building of packs, withdrawal of props
from wastes, and in working coal from
the fact before room has been cleared
for the regular face timber, and on
roadwayS*"wliilst repairing.
(6) 'Ripping should not be carried
too near the face.
(7) Inspections of working places
should -be more frequent.
Supporting the Face
The question of supporting the face
is most important, owing to the very
large number of accidents which occur there. _ Wooden props are almost
universally used for that purpose; but,
It seems to the writer that frequently
the manner in which they are used
does not receive sufficient attention.
Face props must be set at regular intervals, and ought to have due support, one from the other. Care should
be taken in the setting of props because it frequently happens that the
true amount of work that a prop ought
to do Is not performed, owing to Its
being badly set. Experience1 in highly-
Inclined seams has shown the writer
that props are often very badly set
in seams with only a moderate dip.
Props ought to be set at right-angles
Xo prop ought, ever to -be set without a lid that is at least in every
way larger than the prop it has to
fit. Thickness of the lid does not
matter so much. The prop ought to
fit the lid tightly all round. The
writer deprecates very much the method adopted at some collieries of putting iu little bits of wood to fill up a
space between the prop and the Ud.
Props set in accordance with a definite system 'ought to be placed in
straight lines in the rows. .Managers
who have not taken the trouble over
such small details would be surprised
at the increased value of their props,
if set rigidly on one line, instead of,
as so frequently happens, toeing set
anywhere and anyhow, so long as they
fall within the maximum distance arranged for by the manager. The
roof will cut off much more evenly
where this is done, and so the weight
on the face will be better regulated.
Workmen very frequently neglect
glected than such a precaution ought
to be.
Probably the most important operation in working a coal seam by the
longwall method is packing. It is,
however, often sadly neglected. One
of the commonest faults in packing is
that it* is not made tight enough. iMen
will leave the pack hollow, particularly if the wonk be done by contract,
unless they, are watched. They may
build fine outside walls, 'but leave the
Inside a hollow mockery. Timber also
is often left in, although It should not
be. Packs are very often not wide
enough for the work that they have
to do, and simply act as pivots for the
roof to break over.
There is no doubt that, In deep
seams, it is best to pack the whole
face solid, and often it -would pay to
do this in shallower seams. The statement is frequently made that a seam
cannot be worked in a straight line,
because the face will come In If this
is done, and so it is worked in steps,
having a fast side to every place. The
remedy for this evil is^olld packing
Packs built with rock walls stand
far better than those "built of dirt with
an occasional chock of broken timber
buried in them. The roof Is better and
safer, and the roads are cleaner and
last longer.    The special timbermen
to tTuTTHirWTXeTeanirih- order-to"
get the full value out of their
strength. If not set ln this way, they
will push out at the foot, and are
liable to split.
see that every bit is made tight
against the roof. This is in a seam
which is now packed solid. Formerly,
several hundred boxes of dirt were
wound up the shaft every night,
whereas at present several score are
wound up. Such is the difference between seeing that the packing is well
and truly done and leaving it to
The writer has noted surprisingly
good results in strengthening a pack
made of poor material by the use of
old wire rope cut Into lengths and
built into the pack. Xo matter how
gnarled and twisted the rope Is, it
will hold the p^ck together in an astonishing manner.
In any form of packing, regularity
is the great factor. Packing ought to
be carried out as regularly as the timbering, of which In reality It forms
the main base, and it ought to advance
with the timbering, and not be allowed
to get Into arrears.
Supporting Roadways
The roadways in a mine ought to be
even more systematically supported
than the face. The, supports are required, to stand much longer, and
therefore'bught to be given the greater
amount of care. Timber props and
bars are the most general materials
used, and, of course, there are many
methods of using them. Plain, notched (at which the Cornjsh metal and
Welsh coal miners are experts), cockering, herring-bone, , and many other
forms are employed.
Ii. ls necessary now to timber the
roof and sides at all places whe'.e
three or more tubs are coupled up
The writer has seen used with vsry
good effect old wire rope, cut into
lengths, and fastened with staples on
a half-round bar.
Iron or steel girders have been used
for many years, especially for supporting main roads. Distance pieces of
wood should be placed between all
girders, at least two at the sides and
one in the centre. Such a precaution
will prevent, to a very large extent,
the tendency of the girders to tr.rn
over, and will strengthen them.
The writer has seen on the more
permanent roads the good effect of
building walls of rock and mprtar, cr
of brickwork, between each prop.
Even a dry pack is of great service.
netting, old rope, rails, and expanded-
metal sheets form admirable reinforcement.
•The' writer has seen concrete walls
made of I part (by volume) of cement,
4 parts of granite roadstone or chips,
and 2 parts of sand stand a weight
that no brickwork of equal thickness
could have withstood.
Arching made of squared tjmber
has proved most valuable dn withstanding a moving weight that would
crush anything else. Such arching, of
course crushes, but it does not break
down. It is, however, very difficult
to repair, and must in fact be entirely
removed when the roadway -becomes
too small.
Tapered'timber can often toe used
with good effect in roadways. Tapered
stretchers or bars do not break in the
centre with ''side weight" like an ordinary bar. Tapered props give with
the roof, and the writer knows of a
case where tapered props are used
uhder bars. A man goes round with
an axe, and if he sees a prop beginning to break, he tapers it afresh
with tli 3 axe, and so saves resetting
that bar. One must remember that
the tapered prop remains perfectly
safe and "set" all the time, and so
the danger of removing a broken or
breaking prop from under the bar ls
avoided. -
The setting of catch or safety-props
under bars the legs of which require
changing Is, unfortunately, too often
neglected. They should not only be
set under the bar In question, but also
under the adjoining bars in order to
prevent a fall from running several
others out.
The use of wood has, at the present
-moment, become of great Interest, and
the probability is that it will -become a
more urgent question—possibly a vital
one—to many collieries during the
next few months. It Is to the interest
of everyone connected with mining,
and even to the general community,
that the use of timber should be as
economical as possible.
•Prof. Henry Louis contributed In
1898 a valuable paper on the "Strength
of- Pit Props." The conclusions at
which he arrived In that paper may be
summarised very briefly as follows:
(1) Baltic white and redwood make
the strongest pit props, tout British
coniferous woods are not very much
weaker when seasoned.
(2) The strength of pit props -may
toe taken as 1 l^tons per square inch
of area of the small end.
(3) Xo timber should be used
whilst it contains any sap.
(4) Wet timber Is weaker than dry.
(5) Crooked props, props with
large knots, and, above all, gouge*,
marked -props should be avoided
If colliery companies are considering
the ^-purchase of British timber) it
would pay them to see that the tinker
Is -felled -before the sap begins to'rlse.
'Timber should be stored in as dry
a place as possible, and some of it
might well be stored down the pit
(in a dry mine), in some old disused
roadway where there is no risk oi fire,
but where a current of intake air
could pass oyer it, so as to remove
all fear of dry rot.
In the writer's experience, creosoted
props are by no means-so strong as
ordinary props. They seem to be
"shojt," and will break off like carrots, if set in situations where the
weight has not settled! They constitute, therefore, a danger in such places
and should -be used only In damp return air-ways where the strata have
settled, when, they will be found to
last three or four times as long as ordinary props.
In connection with the preservation
of timber, the writer may mention
the fact that he has tried, with .very
useful results, the effect of whitewashing ordinary timber with wash
made from freshly burnt lime.
It Is, as evryone knows, the duty of
the fireman or deputy to look after
the stock of timber in his district,
and in each working place. The writer
has seen a useful system in this connection.   At the place where the fireman kept the main stock for his district, props were net such a distance
apart that they divided the floor between them into spaces', wbich would
hold a certain number of props (say
gen(, laid to show their ends.   Each
such space was marked above in chalk
with the length of the props in  that
space, say ,1 feet, 3 feet 9, inches, 4
feet and so on.   The fireman could
then tell at a glance how many props
of each kind he had, and, whon his
stock was running low, could order
just as many as he required. The haul
age hands or pony drivers were   required to advise him where and bow
they did by writing on a board,  The
fireman could thus" keep a very good
check on the timber in his district,
many props had been taken,   which
and see that it was not wasted.
could"vefyT well "divide "Their TimeTn
looking after both the timber and the
packing. The writer knows of a case
where men are specially set on to
watch the packing, their duty being to
Reinforced concrete walls and arching
are coming very much to the foro,
and it may be said that ils employ-
men/ Is a most valuable move <n the
direction of safety and economy, Wire
«5) Creosoting or other preservative methods of treating timber generally render It weaker.
The writer begs to offer the following hints based on these conclusions:
Theoretically Australia -how leads
the* world In the formal recognition by
the State of the Importance ot motherhood and the necessity of' making
some -provision for what is an im-
portant*event in the life of a woman
and Uie most important event In the
life of her. child. The maternity
bonus of £5, wblch is drawn toy about
95 per cent of the   mothers   of the
to the world under conditions of
whioh a modern doctor could approve.
Once no woman, rich" or poor, had any
better care than the rule-of-thumb
methods of an ignorant and superstitious old woman, whose successors we
still allow to scatter death and disease in the working class homes.
Nowadays middle-claps women un-
derstand -the value of asepsis and the
otber discoveries of medical science;
they realize that the surgeon's help
may be required, and * look on the
trained nurse and the general practitioner as an absolute necessity fpr the
prospective mother. r Tbey are well
aware that, rich or poor, they must
contrive to get medical attention and
skilled nursing to help them in the
task of presenting Australia with a
new citizen. Worklng-claBs women
come In for much, harsh criticism because they have not yet learned to
make the same demands. For the
most part they still bring their children into the world under more or less
primitive and unhygienic conditions.
But little or nothing has been done to
teach them about the modern treatment which has revolutionized childbirth, and has caused the practical
abolition of septic poisoning and other
dangers once looked on as Inevitable.
Working-class women, as one may easily find out by. talking to tliem, on the
while still cling to Ideas on the subject
of maternity that were proved false
and pernicious by the medical profession many years ago. Numbers of
theni—sensible, capable women, too—
have nev'er been taught the. difference
between a trained and an untrained
midwife. They class them all together as\'nurses"; hence the urgent
need of the midwives bill. It is not
pure perversitynthat leads them to dispense with a doctor. They have been
brought up to face as one of the ordinary risks of life the dangers of childbirth without medical attention—dangers from which most wealthy women
would shrink In terror. When the
husband belongs to a lodge the wife
can usually have the services of the
lodge doctor for a fee of ,C3. If mothers were wiser they would all spend
part of the bonus In this way. But
£3 seems a large sum of money tooth
to the thrifty and the thriftless. Some
women .believe that it is extravagance
to send for the doctor if his services
can possibly be dispensed with. Till
all mothers are educated to demand
what the wealthy now expect we cannot hope that the bonus will be spent
to the best purpose;
The State endowment of motherhood
has beeu much discussed during the
past feW years in Europe and America; and there is a general agreement that some form of endowment Is
Spring Skin troubles are
Cured by Zam-Buk.
Are you suffering from pimples,
blackheads, an irritating rash, any form
of eczema, or any other skin trouble?
If so, remember that Zam-Buk is the
best skin tonic. The rich herbal essences of which Zam-Buk is composed
penetrate right to the root of the skin
troubles, kill disease germs, and so
stimulate the tissues that new healthy
skin is quickly formed.'
Mr. 0. M. Smith, of Edmonton, Alta.r
was troubled with a blotchy, irritable
skin. He tried Zam-Buk, and now
says,—" My skin was very blotchy and
irritable. I used various remedies,
but nothing gave relief until I tried
Zam-Buk. It quickly shopped the irritation, and after perseverance with
Zam-Buk; I am pleased to say, my skin
ts again perfectly clear and smooth."
In addition to the ordinary spring
skin troubles, Zam-Buk is without
equal for serious cases of ulcers,
eczema, etc., which have defied all or
dinary remedies. 'Many people have
been cured of auch, after suffering for
yeara and experimenting Ip vain with
numerous so-called remedies. It you
are a'victim to any of the more serious
forms ot akin disease, profit by such
experiences, qpd instead of wasting
time and money on useless preparations, try Zam-Buk first. >
Zam-Buk is also best for cuts, burns,
bruises, piles, etc., .or as an embrocation. All druggists and stores, sell
Zam-Buk. Refuse substitutes; see
name on box when buying.
For free trial box, send lc. stamp,
this article, and name ot paper, .to
Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.
could claim the services of a doctor
paid by the State, and ir Intermediate
lying-in hospitals were available. Indeed, every expectant mother might
fairly demand that she should be able
to enter a hospital as her right, or
have a,midwlfe provided by the State
to attend her In her home. If the
money which Is now disbursed on the
maternity bonus were spent ln a comprehensive scheme for providing medical and nursing attendance for mothers, It would go a long way towards
increasing their health and happiness,
and that of their babies, and consequently would do much tojncrease the
true wealth of the community.
Commonwealth, has some value con
sldered aaa symbol.   We may look, ,it,wlr„hi0     Ti^rg ore frs isethsdYb'r j
which this may be done. The community may make a direct payment In
money to the mother; or lt may provide thoBe agencies which are needed
by mothers and children, such as lying-in hospitals, baby clinics and so on.
The Federal Parliament choa-j the lirst
way. But it Is by the second method
that much good work Is being quietly
accomplished In many countries. It
would be infinitely better If, instead
of receiving a lump sum, each mother
,    ■u'llT-1"''
*** ... t ,\   ^T<
fc>   t
Men of Powerful Personality
Recognize the Value of Health
P* knot from *hat town i»«J/«»i, but from whit he tligetU.
that blood it made. Pure blood means perfect health.
Imperfect digestion and aitbulation cauits impure blood,
bodily wtaktte* aad mental apathy. UtmritAble food k a
freqoant contributary eauie of faSfcatfon ux) consequent,
ilomach aad intertmal cHrndtti. Errors of diet caa ba quickly
aod safely corrected by tbe prompt use of
im natural remedy for preventing aad relieving all functional disorders of tha body's filter—the liver, ttf
abUag it to separate frem the Wood those carbonacew matten whkh art daagerow lo the health.
Eno's "Fruit Salt** contains die tahiahle constituents of ripe froit in a portable, agreeable, and simple
torn, ami is in every ntpttt ae harmless aa the jvieaanj the inma irom winch it ia owaiaeA
For mU ind) the principal towns and citias of Caaada. Order a bottle TCM)AY from yew daaler.
Pttporoi onto h
J. C ENO, Limited, "Fruit Salt" Work* London, England
Atatm lm Camalat HtnU P. POOP «Tfo, UOOan, 10 HcCul St, Tmato
on it as the equivalent of the medals
presented by the State to the soldiers
who have gone through a campaign.
However, .it is a somewhat costly
symbol; during the year 1914 the
Commonwealth paid the sum of £685,-
085, an appreciable proportion ot Its
revenue, as a reward to 137,017
mothers who presented Australia with
young immigrants.
Tbe expenditure of so large a sum
ought to moke a considerable difference to our babies. Even half that
amount, widely spent, ought to cau Be a
marked decline in Infant mortality and
an enormous Improvement In the general health of babies and mothers.
However, doctors, nurses, nodal
workers, in fact all who are qualified
to judge of the effects of the bonus,
agree that it hat made little difference to tbelr welfare. From the point
of View of the State the money li to
a great extent thrown away. Tbls
scheme, which waa prompted by a
sincere deilre on the part of legislators to safeguard Infant life, Is thoroughly unicientlfic. and wm therefore
doomed to be a failure. It- assumes
that what a -mother chiefly needs Is
a certain mm of money. Whereas
money alone is in certain casei of little use. -There Is an old story about
the traveller, lost iu tbe desert, who
found a bag and rejoiced, thinking that
It was full of dates. When ho found
that It contained merely coins he
wept for disappointment 80 with
unconacloui irony the State presents
to evnry mother the sum of .Cl, while
making no arrangements which will
enable ber to spend that sum lo good
The committee ot the Women's
Hospital states that that Institution
has to deal with'a large number of
aeptle eases due to tht ministrations
tot unskilled midwives. Tbt State
Parliament haa It in Ita power to dq
more for women and ihelr children
without any large eipendHure of public money Ibsn tbe Federal Parliament
has accomplished by meaaa ef Its costly system of endowing mothtrkood.
Tke oaactamat of Jbai simple ltd often promised measure, tke Midwives
and Nun* Slat* Regiatratlon Hill,
would save numbers of Vleterlan
mothers and babies unnemstry suffering and subsequent lil-honlth, ft
would also preserve tbe lives of manr
mmmtsm *m *******  ***** mm mmtrnty
To the married man who cannot get
along without his drinks, the following is being suggested as a means of
freedom from the bondage of the
Start a saioon in your own bouse.
•Be the only customer. You will have
no license to pay. Go to your wife
and give her |2 to buy a gallon of
whisky, and remember there are 69
drinks In one gallon. -
mm.* t,..t-	
J 7UU1
your wife, and by the time the first
gallon Is gone she will have |8 to put
Into the bank and $2 to start business
Should you live ten years and continue to buy booze from her, and then
die with snakes In your boots, she
wllll have money enciugh to bury you
decently, educate your children, buy a
house and lot, marry a decent man
and quit thinking about you.—U. M.
W, A. Journal.
iO you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
till' 111'  ,WA>  tJ Ji'*' M'lll'h'i-ill *sfiM i'-i'J*
ptlttiX mHwlt*. About U ptt teat of
the babies for wbtm tlm betas la
fall la Victoria make tbatr appearance among na without the aittetanee
Ul,' ik MMUMUM M>k*Wk*kMM«MM>     ***•* ** *.
mp to end enaeea« aee aeamaiy m
moet ot loom vmoo, aa well as la
numbers of ethers where a doctor la
cane* la, tie soeaiM atfte to at
absolutely ee-t-aalifled wonts. It to
a <tla«rra«« te a rammwmfty tkat Mf
pp^LOmMkm-t-O-m-A  t^mtt^pmb-^m   ^^^^^»gj|   gk^a au^MiBfl^^h
to nnMarltlr* tb* Import not nut *t*1l-
mtn wart ti mUwitery. bbAm to no-
otto* hospitals er at tke tatiett'e
H la tin ttet SeiiM tooMlom
w vw  mw *m*  wwm*-a^w mewmat ^mmpn w^w^^^m^^t^ta^*w
o^^tk^gjk^o    nflm    an    jw^^^jA^kjj^Ltta^riamee
a^^^pOg^jn   ig**| \b1m\LAb&OPm    tmtm ^^mAbAmpn -^imm  (ik***-,
fPFrWPP   rW   tttmOt-Wy,    IfffF  t^lt&Wm riif   R-P*
If you want really high
c!a«t pftittlng-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
tmm amm 0     g        *    A    9 W
iff Dtstrtct Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:    Fernie, B.C.
»MWWiWMillllltlIIIIII)llllllllllJ[|J[lllllliltllLII|]J||j||JJJ[||iBOT THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 24* 1915
We have a fine selection of—
And do-Carts
at reasonable prices
Wheels Re-
on Shortest
Hardware  and   Furniture
Thone 37
B. C.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
A. Macnell
8. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Eto.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building   -      Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Saus-
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56 Wood Street
:  r&
we are
at War
From the London Times
We Are Ready to Scratch
iff you- bill any item ot lumber aot
'ound just as we represented.. Thero
s no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you xraat spruce we do not
(end you hemlock. When you buy
'irst-class lumber ve don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
is always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
&re taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter if they bought tbelr lumber
■There are still, it seems, some Englishmen and Englishwomen who greatly err as to the reasons that forced
Kngland to draw the sword. They
know that it was Germany's flagrant
violation of Belgian neutrality which
filled the cup of her indignation and
made her people insist upon war. They
do not reflect tbat our honor and our
interest must have compelled us to
join Prance .and Russia, even if Germany had scrupulously respected the
rights of her small neighbors, and had
sought* to hack her way into France
through the Eastern fortresses. The
German Chancellor has insisted more
than ouce upon this truth. He has
fancied, apparently, that he was making an argumentative pol-tttr-agaiust us
by establishing it. That, like so much
liiore, only shows his complete misunderstanding of our attitude and of our
character. The Invasion of Belgium,
uiul still more the abominable system
of crime which followed it, have indeed very deeply moved us. Like Germany, we had given our word to uphold Belgian neutrality. Unlike Germany, we felt bound in honor to keep
the word we had given. But we know
very well tbat,-In keeping it, self-interest has gone hand-lti-hand'with honor,
with justice, and with pity. Why did
we guarantee the neutrality of Belgium? For an imperious reason of
self-interest', for the reason which has
always made us resist the establishment of any Great Power over against
our East 'Coast, for the reason which
made us defend the Netherlands against Spain and against the France of the
Bourbons and of Napoleon. We keep
our word when we have given it, but.
we do not give it without solid practical reasons, and wc do not set up to
be international Don Quixotes, ready
at all times to redress wrongs which
do us no hurt.
Herr von Betlimanii Hollweg is quite
right. Even had Germany not invaded Belgium, honor and Interest would j tage of which it is the embodiment
have united us with France*** We had I and the guardian—-these are the ends
refused, it is true, to give her or Itiis- j for which we are launching upon the
trenches, and on the fields of Picardy
and. Artois, that her fleet holds its
ceaseless vigil in the Xorth Sea, and
that its guns have b*>.en heard from
the Pacific to the Dardanelles. Our
soldiers and our sailors are defending
their homes and the homes of their
countrymen on French soil o» in Turkish waters, just as truly as though
tliey were facing German troops in
Norfolk or German ships off Harwich.
Our enemies are more remote, but did
tliey crush our allies as they presumptuously expected to do, an attack on us
would not be long-deferred. Germany
boasts that it is her appointed mission
to conquer a great world-empire,
through which she may Impose her
Ideals upon mankind. *
Our Empire and our ideals are the
chief obstacles in her path. That consideration is the hoy to all her world-
policy. That is why she has grasped
at the trident. That Is why she has
watched rur domestic controversies
and the supposed symptoms of our <\u-
cadeu-e with malignant vlgilanc*.
ThM i.s why she has sought again ai.d
again to sow mistrust bcwujn us and
our partners, and why at tlie lust she
tried to bribe us into treachery. Her
object in this war is to shatter the
Entente in order to destroy the free
Empire of'England, and to rear upon
its ruins a German world-empire of
militarism and bureaucracy. She
hates us, she proclaims, with a hatred
more vindictive than she bears the
Belgians or thc French. She hates
us because she envies us, and because
our honor and our plain sense have
broken through the flimsy tolls of her
diplomacy. It is to save ourselves
from the deadly consequences of ner
considered malignity .that we stand in
arms. Tb shield our homes from the
murder and the rape, from the organized loot and the systematic arson we
have seen across the seas: to protect
the Erfipire our nice has reared at. so
dear a cost; to secure for our children and for mankind the spiritual heri-
chief of business men conducting tbeir
business in their own way. By this
time it js everybody's secret that if
the Government has chosen to do nothing either to check the rise in food
prices or in the cost of coal, if they
have thought it right to remain idle
while shipowners reaped a war harvest out of freights, the sacred principle of the business man carrying on
his business in his own way is responsible: What is the fact of Uie
public paying 203. for only 15s. worth
in comparison with a' principle like
that? What dees it matter when you
have such a principle if the laborer at
24s. is suddenly, in effect, called upon
to keep himself and family on 18s.
worth of food and fuel? Apparently,
according to .Mr. Runciman, it does not
matter. *
In the East End    of    London    Uie
Ions have been used by the beautiful
principle. From the standpoint of
wage-earners it is very like the famous
jcke which had a first-rate point if
cracked at Hyde Park Corner, but if
carried across the road became high
Now, 'Mr. Runciman is a Cabinet
Minister, and what he says is. presumed to reflect the views of the -Government. .Mr. Lloyd George is also a
Cabinet Minister, and what he, too,
says is presumed to reflect the views
of the Government. Mr. Lloyd George
calls for the co-operation of all classes.
Mr. Runciman encourages and stimulates the business man in doing as he
likes. If it does not suit the business
man to co-operate, or if the business
man's way of "co-operating" is. to hold
up wheat or to charge 2s. 6d. a hundredweight for coal while keeping tlfe
"business man" sells coal at 2s. (id. a j railway sidings full of it, then there
hundredweight.        But  whose  is the! is nothing more to say.    Both these
right to complain? He is carrying on
business in his own way. The speculator in wheat holds it up for 60s. a
quarter. Nevertheless he is conduct-*
ing his business in his own way. The
shipowner jumps his freight from 16s.
to 67s. 6d. per toji, but, after all, Jie
is doing business in his own way—the
old familiar way of bleed. What difference does this war, what difference
should any war, make in the applica.-
views, be it observed, are at one and
the same time the views of the Government. iWliat a spectacle In the
midst of a great war for gods and
men—and mice! y
It will be noted, however, that in
the last sentence of tho- passage quoted Mr. Runciman gives his own principle the go-by. When, we ask, is a
term to be put to this dull and solemn
trifling?   The President of the Board
tion of that beautiful principle? Lest. of Trade tells us that the Uovern-
there should be a suspicion ovtn IhPl' ment have had to do many things
the war ought to make a difference, I with a strong Socialistic taint. They
Mr. Runciman has not only allowed i have had to touch what-upholders of
lh*$ principle: he has, as lip says, gone I the beautiful old free-squeeze princi-
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. .McNicholas,
meets firsthand third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble   Grand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
Meet at Aiello's Hall Second and third Mondays iu
each month.
John J.. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
out of his way to encourage and    to
But suppose it conies to a hotly of
wage-earners wanting to carry on their
business in their own way? That is
a horse just now of quite a different
color. When they want to conduct
their business in their own way they
are "mutineers." They are just as if
they had refused to obey orders in
tiie trenches. They ought "to be taken out and shot,"   All these express-
pie look upon as unholy. Wonder of
wonders, the "taint" has not only
proved harmless: it has positively
tunie dout a vrey present help ,n lime
of trouble. Yet we suppose that'just
as Noodle insisted on sticking to the
wisdom of his ancestors Mr. Runciman will go on sticking to his shibboleth. And, meanwhile, in the East
End of London they have the joy of
paying 2s. 6d. a hundredweight for
Labor in Government
in Times of War
Meet every Tuesday a* 7.30
p.m. In their own Hah. Victoria Avenue.
C. C, J. Comb?.
K. ot S., L). J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Maddison.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7::;u p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, J. Swcene>,
Secretary, U. Mosea.
MO Howland  Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
list, lueetb iu the K. p. Hall
uii.T., .1 ;tn ! fjiirih Friday of
lach month at 8 p. m.
• ^  i  mtnoKs. w. ii.
■MibS Flora McGuire. Sec.
Terrace l.odjjg 1713. Meet
a, tlie K. I>. Hall first and
ih'r' I'riilay eienlng of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R   rill OH TON, W. M.
./. SKILL1NG, Rec. Sec.
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, Shinfllea, 8ash and
Doors. 8PECIALTIE8—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot. 'P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.   '
sia aily binding pledge up to the last
moment,.    We had, however, for many
cars past led both to understand that,
If they were unjustly attacked, they
battlefields of France the greatost
and thc most powerful armies our history has ever known; the ends for
which England has pledged her last
Earsdon, England.
.My purpose is again to bring out
tlie active work that is being done in
Parliament by the democracies of this
nation. I use the term democracy because it takes iu many of those who
are in the Liberal party and who to a
certain extent possess the splrtlt of
democracy.    We sometimes miss our
might rely upon our aid. "    "   """shilling and her last man
'ihis understanding has been the ! We commend the above to the care-
I pivot of the European-ttollcy followed | ful attention of our readers. It. is
I hy tho three powers.     It had been, as J worth   the   trouble   of   an   analysis.
(Jermany herself acknowledged, a pow- iThere Is an atmosphere of candor per-
erful ractor  In. the • preservation  of; moating it that has been noticeably
European peace.    England had drawn I lacking in man? of the high falutln. civic and political life,     lt has risen I very useful sujigesliou aud lt is well
mark upon this line by not giving
credit to those who don't see eye to
eye with the labor platform and its
conditions or rules  which govern the
taxing of those who have made such
enormous profits out of tliis war. 'Mr.
Barnes is the Labor member for Glasgow and Is a very convincing and pow-
erfui man.
Now we ccme to Mr. Markham. a
lnrge coal mine employer in Derbyshire and Yorkshire, He drew the attention of the chancellor to the high
price"■CT"coal~nie~iJubIic was-TOffipelleU
lo pay- owing to the middle man raiB-
!ng prices from 70 to 100 per cent,
while the coal miners had not re-
same. The Labor pany is doing «. jeelved one penny increase in wages,
grand  work    today In  British social,' -Mr.   George   said :    "I will note this
i concluding paragraph contains Ibis
sentence: "I can Hee no reason for be-
liming that metals of the platinum
Kroup occur in the localities visited."
lu view of the Interest shown Vy
many members throughout Dislric. 18
in the question of explosives we- append a cutting from the report:
National Protection Against tne Unskilled use and Handling of Dan-
advantages from it as well as her j wlr.d-juminlng appeals to sentimental-
partners, ibe would have stained her' ism fed to the public since the out-
honor for ever if, after she had acted I break of hostilities. Self Interest Ib
with thein in fair weather, and had jaclniow ledges to be the real cauae cf
countonaeed the confident beHef which j Britain's participation   in   the   war.
they both held, that she would support
thom In a just quarrel, she had slunk
P. Carosella kings hotel
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
ahe«e. Oents' Furnishings
Beware of Ointment* for Catarrh
Tbat Contain Mercury
** mi-r-'itfT Will »«ii*lji' •(•"•irwr tb» wn** *,t imtB
•u4 4*«i,.frt,s, .Unwur i... atutlt) tartm wb-rN
■i-'i i-iiiitf || lUt.Uiili llw liimiHJ" »t,tt»i**-m, *u,ti
fci-iMi* *Ini«IiI iwtt-r tn* M-M-d ckwiii m |w»*-rt|M
Bar supplied wilh the best Wines
Liquors and Cigars  '
ll* u. l.i-ut lt,tt-.9"i,i yu) „t-ii*. a. tlif liotnt-it,
llii-ir w>ll 4* li tt-n I'M lu '•«• amte >"■» ran |**-
•Ibfr **«■»»• tfitm thtm, |Ml'a fatsrrii rum
nwimfn-"trt-»i! liy V. I, UnnM*>r A C»„ Tnli-*>, O,,
<i«l«in« iu Ultimo. ,i»l I-. -"I'M l*l**tn.l,j,
*Hln$ PmtXt
farm i.f tlw •»n<-*m.
*•**. lm tut. ftm get v
f-ltrinatti anA mart' lit
nf* tbf lUt.-tl nml tmmam mi*
urm,   U harOtn ll*ll> I'slyi*
m art llw rmsls*,   ll.H lsl«*jt
wltt SHd emmr In T;il
ttm-iut i. fa.   TV»tnW'»W»
Y«ir*>. «*io, t>r r
tk>H nt l-rottt***.   Pri'*. t>. erf MllA
ui* iidir* rmiir t''M< t<* *««*u»*imi
-tta ttUt
"•^^g, tmlU. *U U*Xt
Fomie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
BtttM 800-Js I SjMllHy
•iHonor" is alluded to, but Its Inter-
to assert thu rights of thc people Irrespective of their political opinions
and. their voice is being heeded as
well as being heard and after all we
have the yeHow press stating In great
headlines that   the trades unions are
away from them In the hour ot danger, may bn coimtrueil to be synonymous
That waB what Herr von Bethmann-' with interest, judging by the tenor
Hollweg pressed us to do.     He saw;of the following, "Herr von Betlimann
tlmt If we yielded to his seductions \ Hollweg Is quite right.   Even had (ler
nnd committed this act of baseness, on
the pretext that we had not given a
technical   promise   of   help   to   our
friends, we should never have friends
again.    To pillory us ih such a position of Infamous Isolation  lias long
been a da cling, dream of the Wilhelm-
s-raise.    It would materially advnnro
(lermatiy's schemes of world-empire,
to which, as -she clearly neen, the destruction, or the humiliation, of Kngland is an Indispensable preliminary.
Rut hern again, as in the case of Bel-
glum, "honor Is tbe best policy."   We
Joined the Triple Kntehto because we
realised, however late lit Uie day, that
pretntlon   is  admittedly  elastic,  nnd acting ve^y unpatriotic oy  withholding their labor under the present con-
wnth the highest consideration."-The
future,   .Mr.   Hditor, will bring out of
litis great crisis thoughts   that    will
lift the toilers to a higher platform In
social, moral, political and clvl;» life.
(It may be of Interest for our readers to note that the majority of tho
dltions   tbat   the nation   Is   passing] '•.•i-iulian press n ports of the ip-ioch
llirough,   but the Intelligent workers »f KHcIiciut ci.iy quoted the port'mi
of this nation are not satisfied to give | touching the i-hcKiiess shown ay the
many not Invaded Belgium, honor and, all-their   labor   ami extra effort to I ••-•orlws. but cvitvenleutly overboked
Interest would have united  us with tbelr work ln order   to create profit j reproducing the criticism of the great
Prance!" Again,: "We do not set up jit lone for the employers. The work-
to be International Don Quixotes, i ers desire a share of those profits and
ready nt nil times to redress wrongs j ibere Is no one that can deny their
which do ns no hurt." There you Just demands, only a few unreason-
are, plain, as A.B.C. It "honor" alone-"ble employers, There is a move on
Is affected we are not windmill tllt*rs, by ihe government to take over many
but should our Interests be assailed of those Industries toncerbed with the!
u« are practical peoplo, und tlimi, manufacture of ' munitions of war.
"wIMiiterest" goes band lu Hand with There has b«eu brought forth a clear-
honor, Justice and with pity. It Is er case for the workers than ever barer Hkn reasons that Germany, Ans-' cause their claims have been brought
trla, itiissla. et al. are In tiie fight, and before th* government and they Ithe
tbe chief reason of Italy's neulr.il workors! on the Clyde have lelt their
siuiul can lie attributed to tlu< same demands for an advance of wages to
tbe time of "splendid Isolation" was no'touree. The quicker Ihe worl 1 M the government arbitration boar J
more. We reverted to our historical largo gets rid of Its hypocritical blink- »vlilcb lias been selected by both wurV
policy of the balance of power, and we ers and uses the clear vision of was.i:t' *r* and employers,
reverted to It for the reaaons for which tl- sooner max we expect a recount- I will quote tha words of Uird
our forefathers adopted it. TCiey.Ucn lhat war, no matter by whom Klulientrb«ror« the bouse upon the
wpre nol, either for tliem or for us,i iirnVrtnliPti, bnn for Its rbiet p«i*i»<'**» demands of labcr: "Workmen b«ret'*,<»*'»*> °n'
resaons of seatlment.     They  ware' >,'ni protection of profit gathiMwi, mil; behaved aiiloudldly during our present;    Alfred W. i
gerous Explosives
Uuriiift 1U13, many ucclilvn'J-.attributed <o unskilled use or careless handling of high explosives—occurred in
Ci.pndii. The evidence sa'iiered by
the ICxplosive Division of th* 'Mines
Brivhch, clearly shows tlut a "iirse
number of these accidents would nol
h.,\c taken place had the/e b«.*n In
existence n proper code of lawn ri-
giilatlng the manufacture, Importation,
ami testing ot explosives In the Dom Snlo... "' ' '   " ''
It was expected that the Explosives
nu, originally prepared In 1910. by the
.Mines Hrniicli -in conjunction with
tliu Department of Justice—would be
passed by Parliament In I!»13; but its
enactment was delayed until H»H. In
order that every precaution could be.
iliken to see that the principles of tbo
I.ill did not conflict with Provincial
rights ami laws: and that its provisions were equitably formulated to meet
the conditions of manufacture and use.
Immediately the Kxplosives Bill re-
ivlvett the hitiiciion of Parliament, and
us noun tlicri'nftor an Parliament provides the neces-rtiry funds, the suitable
Jtnilliltiigs already planned will be
installed, and an efficient staff will be
duly appointed and mr(iaulM>4.
When the K\plosive* Division, with
Its staff of chemists .uul Inspectors, Is
thoroughly organised, mid the tenting
pliiit completed and In operation, tbe
laws rcKiilHilus th** manufacture, lm-
j port itlon, anil testing   of   explosives
, cui tie put  In'.o force.     Then. U la
I confidently ho;»e) tbat the deplorable
Wlllson gives the re i accident* so otten occurring   in   all
itiilustrlu! and arinument concerns
thereby creating the impression In the
mind of the reader that uupairlot'.Mn
wus a monopoly of the worker and did
not have place among tho patriotic
profit-grabbers, i
This* week w«> have received a eop>
of ihe summary re] '*>rt for year enu*
Iiik December •!'. lb 13. of the iMiiios
llnmeli of the Department of Mines.
•Hi's publication, of 'ill pages, eon-
i-r.il* valuable Information on topic*
inren sting to the mining world. Is copiously illustrated ami ran he purchase
ed for t}n* modent sum of fifteen cen's
fr< m th<> K.ng'f Printer, I de 1,. Tvlie
-gH    of*
List of Locals District 18
Horn* tee. ont P. O. Atorom
UaaWiead. *V. Wbeailey. Bankhead. Alta.
ttmt*n *,4am***••*'•••"-'• *•*/«»*•«••■»«•. .-*«.<,. 9..M*., >-* . n999mli, i.mm.
■Umlk-w, ,* ."...,.. .Uini'V Vtn\ i*  1V ?,r, P.rllfTTtf*   Mtn
WoirmoT*.. Wn, Archer, Blairmore, Alts
■Pntmtn ...T. O. Hen-tee. Paaabort. Mto
Cartoedal*:,-    *i* MKebeB. CaHwadale, Coteaua. AJta.
Caewore Mlcheal Warren, Oannore, Alta.
,    t..    ..... ..    r*,i,„..„.     **,.
<*m*i*am**t* •• ...tt. ■>•■*»*.*»-*•«■.  .......«„   -.*.--
nrt mm* R. oatwu. c«*w»f ac.
tltt. Chinook Mlees......... I'. Swaaston,Cbkaook Mines.Coanaerce, Alt.
1SU tot**....:...* ,Hwt, UpWII, Nnrti, fc C
ISH Fittk ....KvaaMoTtaa.Praak.Aljp.
ieu Hillm*.... Maek ItlgWr, HOltrast. Alta
ntl I^MArtdge...  R. Peaeoeb, B<w f«. UtkkHige. AHa.
lift MtbkrMf* ■OeWert#«....»i,rtu.k UtrtitAbom, Caa lineal AAo.
ttm M«f*» »***     Ttt.mrritpPPPlbmp.AAo.
tSOt MAtnt * RJcbsrd Based, MMmI, A C.
nn pptAmn * T.«.mnHfc-
tat Tabor.  A. PoAtontP, Xbtpt, AKa.
self-regarding and even  selfish  rea-, not on behalf of weaker oppress »d na- crl»K   but I must   admit then.   I:i*|in»r;  of h!* Investigation of ..Ifmil  ,i.ir;s of the Duuilulon, will b*'reduced
sons,    tlhlef amongst them, certainly Hon*, save as this may happen i;> l.e leeii n t«ipl«ne>    io »ri««ul«ir   t sue -j p .utiuum ili»i.iu.rie» nesr \ei*un. lii*  io ,1 um imam,
was a desire to preserve the peace of mi Incidental pnrt of the programme, keeping, mul this slack work has In' \ t
Kurope, but It was the chief only be- tlermanys talk nbout fighting to lm i lemifniy to hamper the government'
eause to preserve that peace wns the pose "Knltur"* upon others Is so much Mn fts very Imponani task. In some j
ope certain way to preserve our own. twaddle. It ts economic expansion j cite* the temptation* ol drink lia*!
In Ihe event of war we saw, as our she's after: to. obtain this she must; been the cause, it has been brought -
fathers had seen. Kngland'a first llnefltbt her exponents, and these same to mj mind more than once that t:« |
of attack nnd of defence in her eonlln. opponent* are In lhe struggle for the * rentr'.rilon* »f trades unions has hi'i
enlsl alliances. When we subsidised' reasons so plainly shown h> «tie little tp do In adding to ihe dlffleu.l■)
every stale In flermanj. anil practical-   Thiinder«r"--ieff Interest.' Ki. ties, but I fee)  confident  that ihi»e ;
ly all Kurope, In the great war, we did ■ 1«h remuks mil be rsrelull}   bred. 1«|
ant lavish oar gold from love of tier- THI TAIMT OF THE OOCTRINAIItt j '•) all wbo are coiicrnc I    Again, be 11
ntm *tt Aii*Ut*«a \tbt#*t, vt  ml tut . - . Uyt I tlmt, !*l ?*.*■ ca> * s»r.l -i'.'.*>-:' {
sheer altruism,     Ko; we Invested It. il>i!ly ntlwu.i ' '*> t.*bor- libor m;*;, v»rj righttj. a»k!
for our own safety and our own »dvsn» -—--■- Mliw tbelr patriotic work   should   vm:
tage: and, on tbe whole, our commit-     fn bl« r-»:**efty of Present nf the j be used to Inflate tbe profit* of the
menu were ru warded by an adequate .Hoard uf'Trade Mr. Walter ttmiclm in ! directors and   s'uirehnMer* if   the*.e '
return. , wns luvlied to the' timeiienii of the [various   gre.it   Inilusfrlal   and nrwi|
In this war, as v nafe again and Association   of   Chambers   of t'oin- \ meat firms, and we nrt* therefore ar- (
*tfrM.*t    M4.»ll*'l.*^.t    »m    ,Mt-     t ,9t.*-m.    t.9tt,*9lii*".
'i.li.,W fur  ( iiK'tl;   \\i
wltk tbem against tketr tyrants.   »b* last etfbt month*, hid bevn to allots.
Is helping her great allies to flghl la j and. Indeed, to eaennr*4» ■»'"' Miow
defence of tbelr soil and   of   tbeir late business men to eondnct  their
hnm*s against the aggressor, and she bastam* In tketr own amy   Tb* tlo\
Is proud io (KMr out bor blood aad hor ernneut bad had to do mati) things
treasure fn aa aserMl a mom. But she > fn this *av itMeh bad a otroaa Port
lie aoi flfktlaf priwarllf for RolgiNW■ aliMbr tnltn, but Um> had beta mm*
• or fnr RerWs. fer 1-*rtnee or for ftasata*! the «wsi« tor tbs!  tllesr. ketr x Tbe
iTliej fill a iwfit i»ls.f» tn ber oAnf rrent fym lsy oa all to keep tb* male
land la ber heart, but they row* nntpot.f aatlenal obfeet In view and to pall to
| Tke first pint* bekmgs. mnt tightly, a*tb»r m-it the ■nmemmretr
^ de«rgetowa. Cooomn...Aox Hwter. Oeergeteva. tStpmoto. AHa.        INkHMCa, to herietf.     it te for h«rf   w* mnb it aeeeaeary to call*  mr
••«1   TFfttiMW MMhn .. Jaa Rawoher. Mordent, via Reeky MeaaUla |s*4 tm her *mpire ibai ker ismm h*** Htntnr aitewtlow io thnt M**«ae   Mr.
ffeaae. Alketta. IfMNw atrnggliag   aad   dvine   In   lb* Rmi^lwsn stands ao as rhamp^oti'.»
ok re* sons for which »Jae fought Philip' Ugh, he t'l-llvered' hlaiwlf of bl* sle^sJUer government ••hnlrol  ni'! ve 't-;**i
II. tiOnti* XIV., snd Napoleon      Kke'oti ibe it'iuMion    In tttftt *ine#eh be (tkat workmen wbo work resulsrh by
Is fight ing. tbe kettle of tbe oppreasod. Is reported til bare aald: I keeping goot timo ahall reap some of {
It Is irwe, In Helglam and In flerMn,     ''His own policy, a \toHry personally  'be beiieflfs whleb this wsr hs< aiitu-,
.... • , , - •        . .   • , . , . .,!.., . .    t     ....       I t ' ....
trtimpii*--**' *nd t  f#el *»rr>    st'ongl   ;
that those workers wbo are   »ork!«m '
long bourn  In  these worksbojM ''«>
aad alakt bate rights and  pr*.vtie*e*
which ctmmends strict altentton."
Xow. Mr   Kdttor. I bate gHen tto
retmrbn el » strong oisu who in hi*. _
■www mind Is o»Me «md» »t» thtt th»;
werk-ere nre not reoeMng ib^^.T *bxr*
of profits from tketr labor,    fleorte
Ran**.   ^mS,**A tite nitentUm   -stf   t'w.
ektaeetlor  nt   tb* *%rb*nnrr,   l.t-lfi'.
tieomm,  to ib* *»***b   Mr.   ttmra*
met* the oxy*r  week retardiat tb*
*      W I*"" ■*" *
*"n     '• t      %* t ts •
The Handicap or Bigness.
Many have thought that the mere Mgnttn of thg
mail order houatt tnahle* thtm to atll mora
cheapfy thin the local merchant.   On the cfln-
***,.$,   **.+,*.•*.++  v.«Mk»Mk   *mm*l.$    ...*..»«.*•»■*.   WA|*»Vkta*k«*>.
out o( proportion to the incrtaacd buaineia. Tract
your order through nuiil-opcners, chtcktra. caah-
ttfa, more cnacktra, billtra. atill mora checker*,
ahippera. teamstera. tte, with checkers to check
thachecktraattvtryatcp. Than conaidar th* an-
ormoua taxet ottA rtnta thar haw* to pay. Yoa
will And that your local merchant, who euparin-
tend* hi* own husinea*. U In a jwaWmi to gfwe
you btttwr awvict at tht aami or betttr pricea.
■iwwN'Wiiwwe tNtii ItPrntawmpit— - "
■**' ys^hF*
#ige EIGHT
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Ladies' Suits
12 Ladies' Suits on sale Saturday for $10.00.
Made in variety of styles, showing the short and
medium length coat, with plain and fancy skirts.
Materials are: serge and tweeds; colors: grey, navy,
black; sizes: 16 to 40.
'Saturday Special  $10.00
Children's Spring Coats
A good selection of children's Coats in styles and
materials; serge, tweeds and flannels; in light and
medium colors.     They are neatly trimmed with
brajd and buttons.    Sizes:' 4 to 16 years.
Children's Hats
I>0 Children's Hats in the plain sailor styles; of
good, strong quality.    Regular price, $1.00 to $2.00.
Saturday Special  75c.
Boys' Wash Suits
Boys' Wash Suits in gingham and galatea; neatly
trimmed with contra-siting collar   and   cuffs,    in
stripes and plain colors.    Sizes 2 to 7 years. Regular price $1.25 to $1.50.
Saturday Special ...         95c.
Men's Department
Straw Hats
Men's and Boys' Straws in great variety are now
on display iu our Men '^Clothing Department.
Felt Hats
Men's and Boys' Pelt Hats, in colors or black,
are shown in new blocks.
We have arriving each week new shipments of
the latest New York uovelties in men's and boys'
Straw and Felt Hats. Drop in and see some of
Men's Outing Shirts   __„_
Men's light colored outing Shirts, with -collars attached, in cream, white, blue and stripes. Priced
at $1.00, $1.25, $1.50, $1.75 and $2.00.
Men's Silk Shirts, in all sizes and colors, just arrived from Japan.
Here are two correct
Spring styles. The
"Kitchener" Over*
coat and the new natural form-fitting suit
The little Tailor
doesn't know how to
make them. They
are both
20 th   Century   Brand
and can be had, as shown, only in this famous make
If you like a more conservative style we have
dozens of them to show you. Ready-or-to^gour^
special measure.      Make your choice while  the
choosing is good.     We Ate  Exclusive Agents
Grocery Specials
Canada First Peaches, 2 tins 35
Lowney's Cocoa l's '   .40
Gold Staudard Baking Powder, 12 oz., tins ..    .15
Mixed Sweet Biscuits, 2 lbs. .  25
Gold Seal Condensed Milk, 2 tins .*.    .25
Heinz Tomato Catsup, pints 25
Sterling Flavoring Extract, 4 oz 20
Crosse & Bin-dwell 's Jam, 4 11). tins 00
Jelly Powder, 4 for     .25
Walnuts, per lb 20
Colombo Olivo Oil, % gal $1.35
Ked Cross Pickles, 20 oz .- 25
Ked Cross English Malt Vinegar, c^ts ,25
Heinz Pork and Beans, medium, 2 for 35
Baby's Own Toilet Soap, per box 25
Crown Glycerine Soap, per box 10
Heinz Tomato Soup, small ....,,     .10
Lyle's English Syrup, 2's, 2 for 35
Old Time Maple Syrup, y2 gals     .85
Old Time Maple Syrup, Vi gals 45
Okanagan Beets, 12 lbs 25
Okanagan Carrots, 16 lbs     .25
Dry Good Dept.
Silk  Special
20 inch Chiffon Taffeta; soft, durable finish; just
the thing for dainty waists, underskirts, etc. Comes
in a big range of pretty pastel shades.   Regular, 85c
Special ■%  50c. yard
Corset Cover Embroidery
Made from an extra fine quality muslin.    A big
assortment to select, from.     Regular 25c.
Special 2 yds. for 35c.
Curtain Nets, Etc.
Wc are now showing the biggest and best range,
of Scrims, Curtains, Nets, Draperies, etc., ever seen
in Fernie.    Prices ranee from _20c._io_$-l,5_0_
See Window Display
Paper-back Novels, by some of the best authors.
200 Books to select from. Special Prices   15c to, 25c.
(Stationery Department 1st floor,)
The Store of
Money Saving Prices
Coal Mining in
Victoria, Aus.
Tbl« effort at n thort description of
ootl winning bete Is the result of a
request conveyed to me br tbe Editor
of tbe Ledger, In tbe following language: "By the way, Jock, I'm mre
a description or coal mining from your
pen would be greatly appreciated by
tbe readers of tbe Ledger, many of
whom know you personally." I 'Bill
admit that the receipt of the above
tickled my vanity possibly a little bit
more tban tbe sentence wat meant to
Imply, for we are but human. Had
tbla, or a tlmltar rwquest come from
any other sheet tban tbe Ledger, I do
aot think It would have met with the
iwepont* that will follow thote prelim*
laary remark*.
Aa Observed by an ex»"Creek" Miner.!aome alx ahafts being In operation,
  At not more than four hundred feet
deep a fair ventilation la maintained,
but aa la nearly alwaya the eaae. molt
of tbe air is tost through leakage. The
coal not being gaseous, open or naked
llithu are used among which the Bald-
win acetylene lamp Is quite conspicuous. The miners do their own shot
IlKhtlng, aa It Is required.
Thu um1 amine vary la (hivkuets
from eighteen Inches In some pits to
nlno feet In others. At the present
writer Is engaged tn tbe latter seam,
what he records here will be bated
un that observation. Thn method of
working the coal is that known here
as tbe "fiord" principle, whlrh conform* in all essentials to what Is
known as "Pillar and Stall** in Ceal
Allow an, tw admit right hore that I j frock, wyth a slight variation in de-
know of no one mot* ewiJHious of bl* J Ull. Th**e nln<» feet seams are work-
deferts as n rorrwiji«»»li>f«i of KnflUh *l wMh a b*T$-fh «■» "Kan*h.H Thejw,ra*d. -" *»» ** ***** that ***t f*
than Ihe proseat scribe, and farther- j Orel five feet of cosi from the w»f vails in nlmoat *very coal eamp, where
mote, onm It not but forth* fuel that it'-ftwiiwar.!* I* nil ei*%n rml and it*tbe contract t*slem It In voeuo. nl**%
1 know what nn plots* the mental pal- ms<hlno mln*d Is paid for at tbo r«t*»! P»valla In WotHharal     There at* n
of Js. U, mt Wn. a»4 if pick mined jv«0'few here wbo make from «lgbt<w»
:h. id. iKr ton. All Itords." where tbe j shillings to n pound t £11 per day. but
nwi win m«u4 u. »r# machino minoit. \ thoro It alf* n vast .ember el#o en
and where the roof !• bad tho pick contract who cannot mske tonm than
, tan *» the work.  Ail pillars w» pick1! thwta nod tweit* shining* la  tho
. mlri-ft***)    W-MV »«    9^9.9,9,9    mrn    9.* 9 I* I-a    tr, ****** HlW    ft***** **tl  *1*ll * *l***"    trtt**
no*!lion fr** nnd ♦'hewkt r*r *t*e* n»*»*wh» mnb* ovon tote than  -aMWi-nwi
t*i*l*t tor at tho mto of tt. and is * who receive It*, per otaht hows,   fn
ness, it mutt be lifted. Anyone conversant with coal mining will at once
observe how handicapped tbe digger
Is In such conditions. It now becomes neccsasry to ttate the width of
these bords and the manner of getting
rid ot the dirt. AU bords are measured at fourteen yards wide. Tbla
width allow* for a road or track to
parallel both ribs, which meant two
roadt In each bord. Wheu working
on machine bords, each set ot diggers
have two bords, or one bord and a
cross-cut. The reason tor thtt la to
allow tbe machine time to mine or cut
one place while the miners are engaged In tbe other. Croat eats are tbe
fame width as bords and are alto
machine tut. The pillars are fifty
tent ihiiiU end cross cuts are n hundred feet apart The space In the centre of Ihe bord between the chocks Is
tbe gob and it Is there that all dirt It
thrown. Should tbe cosi «uyer
through tome mishap, such aa a breakdown, fall to have your place mined
for you when you desire It to work In.
you cannot win coal with the pick
without permission from the official.
As regards wagos, which Is tbe all-
essential, as far as the worker is con-
•to ef tbe av*rage Pass tvA-Sltr, I would
-torts In!; delist trom ««i-cU «n cmerou*
undfrtaklnic. With tbm*' tutruduc-
tory romsrks we will tackle tbe busi-
n«s» oa tuitul.  J. ('. T,
fb*»» -l««r-»   a* i*<*im-i   I*,* **'-9t*tr,i,,.* ft
lotto. Ans , It w-rtn-b ■»*»• mmt* «1t« nn
rural**, lit!*., both In sros end pojmtft
feet wet a few timet the small toes
of each foot will become affected with
a tort of chilblain. The process is
something like thit: The Intlde ot
the toes become chafed, the ikln
breaks, while an Interne Itching It
apparent 8hould It be nogleetod, It
will render one quite helpless to far
as hit powers of locomotion are concerned. Baqulrlla aa to the cause
have solicited the Information that the
water It heavily charged witb Iron
minerals. Well, ahould one have to
work ta a wet place, either root or
pavement water, he receives "water
money" to the tan* of one shilling per
shift, and ahould he be required to bale
same Into a water skip, be receives
sixpence per aklp.
Uefore we ieav« thit phase ot the
water it should be mentioned that the
latter bas a most detrimental effect oa
leather, the retail being that a good
iialr of shoes toon become cracked
through the action of tbo water, aad
therefore do not last m long at they
otherwise weald
We will now follow the coal froo
the face to the teen* of traction. The
cart ar* called "ikips/ aad oa the av*r-
t ag* hold twelve hundredweight. Tbe
'. driver ls termed a * sfleeler," and to
(each place working be brings thr**
jor tmt eas^k*. Oa* *»! tfceee *IU
t ti# pushed to tht feet and tbt other*
| have to be conpled or damped. Thit
j pror*** Implies that tho miner at he
; loud* o cb «wji must nuth It as far
i«« rbo others, whirt ho has turned
| over on Um eld*.    Itor thle peeking
I.e., a trip of "skips," to be coupled
on to a constant -moving object, the
following It necessary: when tha
wheeler pulls hit trip on to the road
where the rode it he, theoretically,
hands his late charge over to one
known at a "clipper." This Individual's particular funcuon Is to adjust
the * clip" oae end on the trip and the
otber on the moving rope. Tbla clip
works on the screw and thread principle and can be likened to tbe two
Jaws of a monkey wreaoh. The clipper placet hit clip In each a manner
that the rope it in between th* two
jsws, which Jsws he bringt closer together with the aid of a "Din," the result being that as the required tightness It found the skips are pulled, and
proceed to the tbtft botton unattended.
The empties ar* brought in on a par
allel track on the tame method. When
the coal arrives at the surface It matt
travel a half mile before It reaches th*
screens. The method of traction tt
the tame aa below ground. Ill* whole
syetem ot haulage It timplletty ta Itself.
Wore I to accept tbe suggestion at
outlined In the Bdltor't rnqeeet tbat
"a description of cosi mlalag." etc.,
woald b* appreciated, 1 should naturally olee* th* subject at thit stage
•s what will follow baa only aa In-
direct eonaecthin with tb* protfwetio*
of the mineral At te whether It ahall
form part of tbe article as It It hoped
wilt nppntist for tb* benofit of th* Ledger readers,, rests etitlrnly wlU-i tbm
Bditor. Tk* two'shift system to I*
.«.,»;.»*,," *i..r... Mt, -..»*. ,*,■**.■* f *va,m oetw i*r tmt tmm. wtantng of
*.   T,t)   »»'Tr*11Tll*T;!
n.i?., bmr in aroa eon pnimiit ■ ■■*•  »* '■"' ■"»*• "■  '-   »"■■ •"•■   —   ^ •        ■  , -.,. ,«„*,,„»,„ ,»». i*,**. #**>•««
ProTlou* to i»et not a soul oc-' t*r rhork. filled solid with dirt. Theee! f»ee of thew facts, tbere la oae conto-1 «n,ier miow it "dlppta*,1
tmptieti lh* landscape which is now.
dotted with hows** and stores provld-
twt nfcMtor nrttl ib* anlrt** ,,* titi?
om tot tone tovott thousand p4rw>ns.
Tbo  solo  tupport  Ot thit *ggv*ga»
i ittttk* arw abmiit twenty feet apart | Jattoa here that does aet take pl*e* at
»».| are placod no farther irom tbeitbo "«r«*h»" and that It th* prtaclplo
tm\ f^ t^-n the m*h o« b* -n'ti-tit* mf <bo tmerterl* M**naitm tMrt rnnartrt**
< twtweon tbe two. f so "Wat chance to an for boll abaor
Wo will now rotraco oar steps toi"*1 •*"• ,w,*j ****** l*»«,^»«t **•
tion aad th* reasoa tbey are ber* Is j find out what Is doe* with tbls Kansh !w',1'r-'r-
because targe deposits of th* mistral,. wbkb awaorslly mo*t«r«t fowr fe*t t Hefor* sr* follow tlw mineral from
coal. I* to li* toon* from throo htm- thick and It the baltnee ot the nine j tbe team to the tenant, I hellev* a
dred feet wpwardt below lh* surface. ■ feet we have already asoattone*!. five, f«w word* on th* wafer er wot pleoo*
The **'.■! <i«i«»«vt*«, mm nW tn« *h*em- «t ^tiien it clean coal. . *))} b* ot tatereet to theee wh* have
may plant rwfntelt* to brtnt th* tmlj In this "taw** a hand ef ditf varr f foltowod we to fbr. ffot ml* ft thoro
«o th* ewrfae*. it U<« proporry «f the > inn from sts to olfbt««R l««fce« thick, | water to be contended with lo tht
Male ef Tletorla. and It operated by | ran* aimwit in tbe centre, wlkh meant | nsntl tenee el ktepmt etweetf -tit,
'Atom la th* lttete«to ef tbe nMony I that ib*** ts mnl <» top not bmtomlbm. aleo from the efltcte that the
iepartnunt of the Ittato Tb* f«»l#ry * ei thtt 4m, although tb* bettotn ba»4 fc water hat «»<m tke Met. aai oaptet-
eetttfaU of a aumbtr of pllt, probably j of mot rarely meooto a toot te fblcfc- all? tko tne*    Aftor est* in* Pot hit
"'\:'X'.,:.U.   ja,vi„        ,»u -mvXi miiMk ** ■**»+■* %**
one considert that the, jwrUcalar mk«] night, nlthwgk n low mn atcesaary to
on* *a*]#*tliMnni **n*im ttmtm «m ttho *#««
•aatly iympathlee with III lot, tt fsr I watch" aa eletwhen. TM morning
at th* pnthtat gees.   Tho eeat t« new and afternoon shifts work two week*
! drawn teat* to the mala btnlace. Til*
I haulage Is a ayttom ef rapeo etoctrt-
jeelly operated and ceatrallef from tie
!s*rfai«. An *t<*flent eonn«etle* with
tie surfiic* la nwlatalnei with lb* aid
fef wire stgnailina nnd let******
mi-**-,****.*-*  m-*4,
than at Oeel Otwet.
Pay dey ts fettntght^r and ta payable every alternate rrtday at S p.m.
" ^^m  ^WPt--MPll OtP*  ^^tatpot-^mwmw 9PP ■waP*nP  W-mmm OP
ertferthle tn tint nt Vtemle. nn ttsev
w* wmm*-w^t^^-e   n^f   w-mmttp  ^^w   ot ^nwtmwwrp  amm   ^mwwpw^
lb nrt mt tta* 6a ft* «t«a.    A cam>U
|mKau-atien.   A* tie method el tnw»|**gf amtto* at tie ttMet Wt yen inv*
j ttoa on tbo fctnttt* root* inmttmrmtl^^ 0^^ j^ iVU &»««£.    Piu lUy
trim *nytht«g ihst I knew orestaniMia mim Pm miM m o^tm tta ■nwta
tie Pate, and will give n f^r iet*0*!r1r-mt(l     ,^T- mttu 0 tottnltbt
potppttottt. f ^h tb* mevfimnt.    Tie ifstertay fm-
Tie hnn-i-no wren nre tn centtnM ^netwittety fWtowtng n§eo« rtoAtf Ptto
metnwtattvrntt^twtlA^-lutn tt^tTtmUOt iny. Tit
house la free, and ia mott respects in
advance of what prevails at Coal
Creek. The method of bathing ls
that of the shower variety, while there
are no lockers, but hooks wblch can
be lowered at will. I believe I have
already mentioned that the coal and
the plant necessary for Ita production
It vetted in n body known at the tfem*
miitlonert," whs are appointed by the
Stato legislature and are therefore an-
twerable only to that body. The utual
method ot having a responsible head
In the abape of a general manger it
followed along with other minor official!.
With the exception of tiie few boil-
nett ttoree aad private retldtncts, til
the property, even the eity ball, in
owned hy the Stole ef Victoria.
At at Coal Creek, the mlalag en*
gtneen alto supply the light, which It
At far at can be gathered, the elate
It la no manner preferable to an individual landlord aa far aa rent goea.
Per a four-roomed hornet, lea. per week
It demanded, and to make tare of itt
pound of flesh Miy mlnen working tor
tiie ttato can ie a tenant.   When It
it understood that all rente are dednet-
ed from-eamlnga. on* aaka aa to whetb-
jer thit atate ewnertnip, which 10 many
iteatimentalitta yap niont, i« aay bet-
1 tor than the moaepely which prevails
•t Coil Creek or Michel.    Personally
!f fall to obeerve any ettentlal difference between n monopoly operated hy
Un Crew's -Nett* Puss Ceal Co*, and that
loperatod by tie Kate ef Victoria, Ana.
(inula,    tit in* they nre boti mmm*
I tm****. noo ib* tnomo ut *ita*t tmm
its much n coaatotfn-ft of the etier.
j w<Af* ttSiwy J* tie **•*!■* tt Mb.
I   An laeldeat that came nadtf a^r per*
1 s«m1 «b**watle*tt a tww data *t* srW
eewctww* tro review ior ns rrvevni.
I believe tbo reeeNtog Ot thit Incident
will give a better tmyrtteion of tie
•utmoipher*" aronad here than aty
thing nlraniy atfd.    An etampto ef
dignified enpttttetty otAtb here ameng
tlie vwUy (4(tWt*U that too *w*W Ikw4
b os 1-eUwwft'.     tMto Of
-—" and that the recognition of thnt
tact wat ettentlal for the futuru.
Yet: you mutt ute the prefix nur."
when In the awful presence of the
elect, otherwise, thould you be to unmindful of the poeition that It bat
pleated Ood to call yoa, you may find
yourtelf mlnut n meal ticket. Now,
will you be good, Oliver Twlstt
To one wbo hat lived to long on tha
American continent nt yotr corretpon-
dent, there It n decided "Jar" on <b*
tenilbllltlet of the aubject The raak*
eet conservatism among the offlelsl*
ia freely and openly practised. In tact
I am Informed that one of tbt qualifications of a fire bote here la that i*
will cette to attoclate with Ua former
palt fthoaid he aspire to an official
position, and It It certainly tbe caa*
In pmetlse.
ity these ctpablt to Judge, 1 am told
tbat Victoria la general and Wootbagii
In partlcalar, aa fir as oftieialitm ia
concerned are the neat oooeervaUv*
ia ail AottraHa, aad f will hellev* It.
Well, reader, t have «MM to th* and
of my top* na ter ae tie pteoeut effort
la concerned. Tie eel* ehfeet to writing th* above oan ie fetal la the fact
tint I wonld do anything pontile 10
stimulate n lively interest l» the IM-
por. Without a doubt it ts tb* ftattt
publiratloa of its kiad extant any*
where. With all b*tt witit* to the
Ledger aad ita re*d*r*,
I flm Pttmattmm-mtaMt* **** *a***nii*i«.»i »*» *
treettr* ttwo-et th* ****** of fttw-
een aai Howland to Um ahape ef an-
nwrena eetoa of tmall denetnlnatient
thai, had nates! lifetai tin fir* *f
■hp^***^»ii*    ^^wwa*e    pr^a^^^^e^m     *^** ^m^mppmmtt    mmmm    www tw    amm
lttt. attrnetod n toff* erowd of yennt-
*t*f* atho  wfth   nbttrrMi   ttt*rt*   •*#
wmrt grab book*, playad UU rolo
af levenfl* Wetdfiett. Ortat gtoe'
wna en tht face nf lie tortoaatt en*
wiea * bally dlaflgartd Ave er ton
tne weetttied, end tilt
jm^mbmkAt   mmmm   .m   miMi   i^^   jkjtg^B^.**^^   gl^k
awswe ne s tptr tn ewtra m
ais*»t of th* miet-Mg "b*tt,"
etty  a
arennd wpen Va fa
tbe dignity of an
towed that it was
wtll aS
i    ,,tt     UL     ^a*^^^M   |ytdte   jkk   ^AA^/tAtmo^Amt-t'
^^^^*^l   t^^m  miAAmtom^m^A   t^^^^mmUb  ^t^^^^^am^^^tp .^^jn  -tt^^^^
tansraannal to it ttU Matt*
if fiftiiaitiBa    Re wBI
stty to Wtontpeg rot Am
nmaAbm m pmrnot


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