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The District Ledger Dec 5, 1914

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Array &*S#$SK
01914 ''fl
Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
' ih 'A.X--A ^^a%ffp
' - - -' AX ■A.iA'.M^m
,,   ■ .        ■    A y .c i..')'S'f'^'ma
poiwoai vmi*™i<mim
No. 14, Vol. VOI;
nd International Elections Dec. 8th
ji ■
Inquest on Victims
of Hillcrest Fatality
X- t    .
The adjourned inquest on the two:
men, Pacific .Cimmonetta, and W.
Thomas, who mot their death on the
20th ult. at the Hlllcrest -Mine by the
breaking of a rope while riding on the
trip, iwas ljeld at -Hillcrest'on Thursday last.
Coroner Piakney opened the proceedings at 10.30 In the Minora' Hall,
which lasted until late in the evening.
There were present iMr. Shaw, District Mines'Inspector, on behalf of tbe
Mines Department, Mr. P. Smith, on
behalf of the Hlllcrest Collieries, aiid
,Mr. A. J. Carter, on behalf of the employees.
•From the evidence it would appear
that the deceased men 'were riding on
a loaded trip which was being hauled
up the slope, when, owing to some un.
explained cause the rope attached to
tho cars suddenly broke, with the result lha. the unfortunate men were
caught and killed by the wrecked cars.
The rope-rider and his assistant, who
were also riding on the trip, managed
to escape without injury.
' The itixy, after considering the evidence submitted, brought in a verdict
of accidental death and recommended
that the company place au English-
speaking man in charge of cars at the
top of the slope.
x A correspondent writes    us    from
Hillcrest stating that William Thomas
a trip.of cars) was not a married man
as stated in our report, but a single
man aged 19 years. We regret this
error and thank correspondent for
the service is a most important one, especially so at night time, as they can
make their observations during the
day out of reach of the guns and when
night comes swoop down and strike.
I am one of the ten per cent next
week to get a four days' leave of absence, so intend to take a run up to
the old haunts, where I expect there
will be some changes to note.
You would smile at some of the
quaint ideas not a few of the 'Canadian
born bad regarding things in England.
Canadians laugh at us when first we
come out to Canada, but it Is now another story. The way the motor buses
handle the traffic has astonished some
of those who thought that Toronto,
Montreal, etc., -had the latest ln transportation facilities.
•There has been a great scatteratlon
amongst the boys since we left Canada, largely owing to the way the officers who were in command when we
started have been relieved.
I have had quite a chat with one ot
the chaps who was wounded at the
front, and lie said that the Germans
are good soldiers, but they pay the
British the compliment of pitting their
best troops against 'those that the
Kaiser regarded with such contempt
at the beginning of hostilities, and although they have had good reason to
change their opinion on that score,
they have by no means lessened tbelr
hatred towards the -British, although
tlio Germans say tliey cannot understand how it is tbat when they have
The Election for District and International
Officers will be held on Tuesday, December 8th, 1914
All members are requested to vote.
Volba per Distrikt a medzi narodnich predstaven-
ich bude sa odbivat vo Utorek, dna 8ho Decembra,
1914.    Vsetci udovia su pitany chlasovat.
L'elezzioni per gl'ufficiali del distretto e quello per
l'internazionale aw&nno luogo.il MARTEDI 8,
DICEMBRE.     Tutti i membri son richiesti di at-
tendere a votare. —,
Two Miners Killed
at Bankhead, Alta.
\-i -mm.
S. P. of, c.
A special -business meeting will .be
held on Sunday next at S p.m., when
the presence uf all members, especially ladies, Ib requested.
Interesting Letter From
Salisbury Plains
(who with Pacific, Cimmonetta   was
killed at Hillcrest two weeks ago by
the breaking of rope whljeLj-iding on I """"• *""   A AAAAA-—^X^^X2^
:■..!. _, _,_.» "7-..* „ -irT^.TT^^Tno^niTn-ip ireked   Tommy,   he
will not stay licked uo matter how
strong tbe force is that is sent against
him.     This soldier said he was glad
he'd been in the scrap, but he waa
still gladder to get out of it alive, as
the number of dead nud wounded is
ssimpiy frightful,
The question that comes up In Ute
mind of the soldiers is: "Shall we be
considered heroes after the war, Is
Well, I must "dry up," as we are
.-".'Urnl cut on a nlsht attack some
fisV.l rrijen away, and wo nave oniy
been at rest one and a half hours, so
with best regards to my Fornie frlonds
nnd hoping that all goes well with you
aud yours,
Sincerely your*,
D. 8.
(ISd.—The above interesting letter
,1s from a well-known Fernelte whose
name for obvious reasons we do not
disclose as the criticism ho makes
might not meet with the approval of
some of the military authorities, although we can vouch for the truth of
the statements 'because the writer Is
uot prone to exaggeration.)
AV. L. PHILLIPS, Fernie, B. C.     -
J. PRTCE Carbondale, Alberta.
WM. GRAHAM, Coleman, Alberta.
R. LEVITT. Bellevue, Alberta.
DONALD Ah-NAB, Coalhurst, Alberta.     ~
A. J. CARTER, Pernie, B. C.
J. BROOKS, Bellevue, Alberta.
P. REES, Fernie. B. C. _
F. ALLETT, Frank, Alberta.
E. CHRISTIE, Bellevue, Alberta.
J. DUDLEY, Hillcrest, Alberta.
ROBT. HOLMES, Carbondale, Alberta.
J. LOUGHRAN, Beaver Mines, Alberta.
I. THOMAS, Coleman, Alberta.
A. BATEMAN, Taber, Alberta. '
J. LASSEN, Lethbridge, Alberta.
0. PEACOCK, Coalhurst, Alberta.
F. WHEATLEY, Bankhead, Alberta.
( Elected by Acclamation)
We have ugain tliis week to recotd
a double1 fatality among the mineworkers in District IS, and ihis time it is
at Bankhead.
The accident occurred Wednesday
of last week, and -was caused by a
The unfortunate men, named Xarcis-
so Morello and Walenty Packney, were
gaged in drawing pillars in N'o. -J
scam, and the cave evidently caught
them -without the slightest warning.
So extensive was the cave that body
of Packney was not recovered until
the following day, while thc ."ema-ms
of Morello have not yet been local-"!1,
and it is now stated tliat all hope of
recovering same lias been abandoned,
Au inquest was held upon the remains of Packney nnd a verdict of accidentally killed returned.
FOR, YEAR  103,6*1
Death Rate of 3.49 in Every 1,000 Employed Considered Discredit to
IT. BROOKS, Taber, Alberto.
H. MARTIN, Fernie, B. C.
( Elected by Acclamation)
R. LEVITT, Bellevue, Albcrt-i
DUNCAN McNAB, Coalhurst, Alberta.
B. NUGENT, Tnber, Alberta.
, ROBERT. OAKES, Hankhead. Alberta.
T. UPHILL, Fernie, B.C.
What The Officers
Are Doing
President W. ],. Phillips and 'Secretary A. J. Carter attended a special
meeting of the Gladstone Local on
Sunday last and explained matters In
connection with the unemployed question.
On Wednesday President Phillips
aud Secretary A. J. Carter were in
Bellevue investigating the dispute between the diggers and the Con! Co.
regarding  tho  rpstrlotinnK._Jn_thn_mux
WASHINGTON, Dec. 1.—A casualty
list of American mines and quarries
issued today by thc bureau ot mines
shows 3651 men killed last year, and
estimates the injured at not less than
100,000. Thin was a death rate of 3.49
in every 1000 of the 1,070,010 mea employee.
Such ii death rate, Ur. Joseph A.
Holmes, director of the bureau, ee*
filmed was "excessive and unnecess-
nrr. and a discredit to the inda-;ty
ani the country."
Discreditable as War
'We stand aghast at the slaughter
in Europe as reports reach us con*
cerning tin* terrible war," said Dr.
Holmes, "and we pride ourselves on
our freedom from war through the
adaptation of higher ideals and standards. Yet, to me this report on tlie
death iu oue year of 3,6.r>l men engaged
in a peaceful Industry is quite as dis-
"And when ive consider that this
record Is beiug .repeated year after
year, aS far back as the record* of the
bureau covering certain branches of
the industry go, the mines and quarries of the United States have swallowed up 10,187 humuji lives, aud have
incapacitated    temporarily jrobobli
Salisbury Plains, Eng,
Dear 8ir,—We are still here, and
from what I can hoar there is not
much chance of our going to the front
until next spring, unless additional reinforcements aro badly needed,-before
There is ono thing sure, we uro Being trained In good »kape for occupy,
lug trenches, and we are all becoming
thoroughly acquainted with -what <t
(eels Uke to sleep in wet blankets and
mako forced marches with the heav-
ens pouring ooploua blessings upon
us. Thoso of us who have not yet
had our haptiem of fire are receiving
plenty of baptism from the other cie.
We tare a tent over us, but thaC
does not prevent the water running
over tho floor in streams. One day
wo started to dig a trench on tho out-
aide so as to divert the flowing river,
when an offieer came around and said
that the government did not allow us
to break up the aod. Needless to aay
after he left iwe finished the Job.
'Perhaps the desire to "preserve" us
Is the excuse for feeding ui bread and
ism for supper and ever? meal that
oomea ground, and for our rations we
nre dookod three shillings a day and
are only *£aid four shillings on the dollar, ao that somebody ts making *
"raise." Of courso, -soldi*!* «r* nnp*
poeed to bn -chronic kickers, bnt I
thtik tbat ire have a kick coming.
Take the wny Oerman spies are being
treated all I havo to say Is that they
are lucky. Tliu Drlttsh people think
they (tho Germans) thould do tome-
«««w*  -vemmtrnm tut,.*
JJuJJ" hm ii-j-u  tuj
Following is program of concert to
be given In the Grand Theatre for the
benefit of local relief:
■March--"Fallen   Heroes."  arranged
by Round.
Fantasia—"Son of Sea," W. Rimmer
March—"Old Brig," Barre.
Selection --"Memories of tlie Opera,"
Song   thy   request)—"Tbe   Empty
Sleeve," R. Hillsborough.
March--"Marsell|alse," T. II. Wright.
Selection—"Bohemian <3!rl," Bolfa
March—JTlpperary," Douglas.
God Save the King.
Concert will start at 8.45 p.m.
Admission hy collection.
Mrs. Lancaster—l pair sox, 1
I pair wristleta.
Dolly Ora-hnm—t pair wrlstle*,s,
-Mrs. Mawson, Coal Creek—1
Mrs. B. Wright—2 caps.
'Mrs. f4inp—-t belt,
•Mrs. Rogers—2 caps.
■Mrs. Wm. Hilton—1 pair wristlets
Kiirees—8 pair sox, I belt.
Mrs. Reld-r2 pair sox.
'Mm. Wllllnnii—i pair wristlets.
Wool—Olven  by  Mra.  Henderson,
aud Mrs. ft. Black.
Mrs. O, Barton—3 pair wristleta .
■Mrs. Sandere—,1 pair sox
•Mrs, Ramsey- 2 pair mitts, 3 pair
Mrs.  Kefoury-
•Mist   Kmlllne
-Miss Victoria Kef«ury«--I pair sox.
-Mrs. McKensiel pair sox, I belt.
I pair mitts,
Nancy Wood-~l pair sou.
Those wUIUug to knit m*y obtain
wool from Mrs. Rogers as ahe has a
■*rt«*ii.      -v-»*ii*i* supply in hand.  Knitters are
u.jj iUt^i.-uh'. m i tkummmieA U> **i-n» nm vutl-oil Unit*
-I  pslr wristlets.
I   pair
Ibis question of tke difference of the]dag very iooeeiy.
treetBMWt accorded lo tbe Oermmtsl —_—	
held m prisoners and the way the I   Tbe Ladies Aid of Olivet Baptist
Canadian contingent is being ternd.   j Chmreb will bold a sate of plain and
TI*  vimmw   mm*   **.*t   *»»>.** tklMtt t*«^* m.*mNI, iMMWi MMlWii.iHMl IMS|
Trade Better at Result, Says J. C. Wat.
ters—Problem None Too Cheerful
OTTAWA, Dec, '9—Mr. J. C. Waters
president of the Dominion Trades and
habor Congress, when asked his opinion of the outlook for the winter in
regard to unemployment, replied thnt
It was better than he bad expected
some time ago, although ho still did
nol < oiuidiir it any too cheerful.   The
h.rge number of army contracts that
were being let in Canada for this conn-
try and for the British government os
well as for the allies, meant an abundance of work in many different Indus,
trlfs. nnd trade In general benefited
from the prosperity of specific lines,
Tbe recruiting was taking a lame num.
N-r or ihe unemployed, lint it wns to
lt> rrjncmhered that ft great many mm
were rejected, and this left a prob'em
•till to be d*a!t with.    In mas? t*nr.o
cf tt,e country, also, men were having ihelr pay cut down or working
only part of tbe time, as nt th* Crow's
Srnt mul mines, where nome of *.tio
men who were merely living i-nrnfi i';-
ably on regular work and wag«m nt.w
.... ...   ,;     ,1 i *       -
*.**..* ..j,   *,44.f    .in-t.  mm J tt  9*   *».--'*'
MlVliltlpd'll UjUil 4,4 ini, yiXiiititttimi »»"-
mitrs hsd assured lhe federal govern.
ment tbat tbey ootid took afiior thi>ir
own unemployed, Mr, Wntters thought
Double Fatality
at Coal Creok
Just as we go to press we learn thnt
two lives have bee nlost in an accident
at No. 1 Bust, Coal Creek. The names
of the doceased men are Pete Catennro
(aged about 30) and Tommy Meyers
(aged about 17 year?),
The^tccldent happened shortly ftnr
11.30. In'Xo. I Bast Mine (East Dips),
The man nijd boy who were employed'
ns rope rider and bell boy respectively,
were riding on the head end of an empty trip of cars, and when near tne top.
without the slightest warning, a trom-
itudous quantity ot roof coal fell on
tho two first cars, burying both of
Rescue work was started Immediately started, but when the bodies were
recovered It was found that life was
Young Meyers, is the son of Thos.
Mnyprt! of tho Ann<\s, while l\te Cxi-
enero was it ttlngla man, with mother,
father find brother In old country. He
was wellknown In musical circles, and
played a snare drum In the Italian
The bodies wneh recovered *were
not mutilated nnd death must have
been Instantaneous.
of powder. Arrangements were made
to meet the general manager at -Blairmore on Thursday. ,
Secretary A. J. Carter interviewed
tho management of Hillcrest Collieries
on Wednesday with reference to the
compensation claims in connection
with the explosion.     A further meet-
I5B;nniTTvorkmenT '
"I believe I am coneervadive when I
say that half of the 3G51 men killed in
J 913 might'have been saved, and
three-fourths of the 100,000 injured In
the same year might have escaped ill-
jury had all the various agencies in*
\olved, the operators, the miners un*i
thc Blate.^njid national'governments,
ini?" was arranged to taLeVare n^fu,VlU1 thelr {M ^lj;
Vict'JPresidenjt Graham has been
Although tlie date for the municipal
election Is over six weeks away, W. J.
.1. .Morrison has announced his intention of entering the field as a candidate for mayor. iMr. 'Morrison was
an eleventh hour candidate last year
for civic honors, but defeated by Mr.
dates by a narrow majority. As '*BM"
is n particularly good hustler, ll will
lake it big man to defeat -him, William ls nlso somo speaker, end if he
should cut loose upon thc Iniquities of
the post administration they will want] International Board to tho coalfields
some strong backing ■*'   of'West Virginia, has. heen most enUiU-
The Council in power, however, have j-slastically received whenever he has
engaged with local matters tliis week mj
Brazeau, and is expected back in the
Pass on Monday. International 'Board
Member Rees attended the adjourned
International Board meeting ut Indianapolis on -Monday last, and will probably bo back In the District noxt
President Phillips and fteereUiry A,
J. Carter are visiting Coalhurst and
Chinook this week-end.
Word has just beon rec-elvod that
Dave Rees, who has been sent by tbe
"For the Ivircau of mines as rspre-
stinting the federal government, I can
not been idle during their term of office, end* have succeeded In accomplishing several uneful pieces of municipal 'work, especially in the Annex.
j addressed these indomitable fighters
| for better working coudltlonn.
say that, owing to a lack of adequate
funds this bureau has fallen abort of
doing Its full part in this great safety
movoment; and I, therefore, hesitate
-to criticize thc seeming shortcomings
of any other agency."
J, IS. Cole, formerly erllef agent for
the Oreat Northern Railway residing
nt Khiim'-pII. errlvfd in the city ot
Tuesday and took charge of the local
office of that company as permanent
agent, tn order to fill the vnrnncy
rained hy the resignation of T. A,
The rogular monthly tea of the
Ladles' Quilt! of Christ Church will
be held at the home of Mrs. V. Johnson,  Wednesday,   December  fttli,  at
S,..',li   |l,lll,
Miss A, Wnlltt"«. of the staff of the
Fornio Hospital, left on Wednesday
night to vlnlt her home In California.
A dance under the auspices ot tho
Fernie Hockey Club Is to be held on
December 9th. A percentage of the
proceeds is to be donated to the Iwul-
les' Benevolent Society of tbie city.
Tbe regular monthly tea of thn j
ladles' Aid of the Methodist Church,
WASHI.VOTO.V, Doc. t "President
WlJHOti is expected to announce aliuri*
ly the appointment of it eonimlUiH.' ton-
Misting of Beth Low, former mayor of
New York, nnil president of the n.ttIon-
al civic federation, and Patrick 'ilid'iy,
a l'cnnvv!v,u\l,i rutin- .ui'.o.i offii I.ii, in
an attempt to settle the Colon ibi ciml
strike trouble.
The president begun today the !>ui-
I-nrntlon of a statement revelwlng the
Colorado affair*, telling of hii! effort
to secure* the acceptance of a tentutive
haul* of agreement by the miner* uiul
operators and of the sending of i federal detachment of troops to the tarike
Mr. WlUon lm* before him » r»>|i*«»nt [by the onmnidoa of tbe t*m* in
The Socialist parly announce thnt
ib:-j are providing a dance at tbelr
headquarters for the Christmas festivities which will eclipse auythln* of
its kind held in Ferule, The existing
industrial depression compels th»»m to
appeal to their numerous patrons for
their generous assistance At this timo.
Kvery credit Is duo to the indefatigable efforts of the Secretary and Or-
Kariter of*the party for the able manner displayed In keojilng the bright
.in(I entertaining little hall open to tho
lovers of the "llglu fantastic." Tho
Ijixt iuul mont popular music hat always boon provided, Including tbe
ToinmleM'" moet pojitifar «oiig, "Tip-
1: 'I.... ;■■< ...i, ..,,1,1. -ui iii,' orgiimxer
Kt Mwuro ihi- b.Ht lecturers available
In ir!vi' ;i f<-rU-f- of lcfturei, oil feOt-'Ul
stibjort* during the winter months, hut
tin war In Kurope with Its attendant
evl, .':.if cautpcikd him to fiti>»i,» It,*
amhlt'on. Nevntheltm the C.Mgnty
comrade* nrt) paying the expenses of
a speaker to tour the Craw's Nodt
'Pass,'as they wish to express tbelr
;ippn( bt loi* ut lhe Si-ivli** rendered
a con-
will be held et the bom* Tvw? "liini i'""" (l™«rmt A"»«°""' r"w»v"1 ,ft''w'" T.T     ^luT^ % T*
nell. on Tuetday, Dee. Sth, from 3 to j «■•* !»»kl«\ «•»« "»' wfa' » ^i" h" f" !'" ^ Ml'***n-    \\ *
fi p j withdrawn from some of the dUtrlct* I needle** u, Introduce Comredo HwMi-h
tam     j eow-wrned in tlie wriNe. I**s4wr leader*! tor his ability an a lecturer «»f ih» do-
A quiet wedding Wfls no!nimi*«-.| on .have prol<-«to.| against the withrtriwnl  <"'•>»!  j.hltoHopliy «orumaiidn iljp ie*.
Thursday at Ihe home of Mr. and Mrs,|0» ,fW),,s w ,)K, Krott,)(j i*u< fitting i*'d ewr, ot hi* opponent*.   When he
•Harry Martin,-Kernie   Anne*,   when«„,*,, rlof[llg .,„, ,f,lW,. ,0 ro„,^ .il-It.-^.d u  nivotlus at Calgary oa
"! ihelr   daughter   Mentrlee   Mmnl   WM« |    BM^idr,   vv'lUoii of  tlio  umor   i<    Sunday.   Nov.   Timl  on   the  suhjtvt:
.       -     ...    .united in tho iiomfs of matrimony to ; laH,M, w]i„ hM h,ul ,i.M.yt. ,u H ynw   j»,iVialiv    M«»v»m«i«t  4iid   tH,..
14 m'   '    ..        AS   i Alexander l». McDonald, the |M>pul»r j fortt to bring about an agreement he. J Wsr"  hundrwln *»f  **„t**iit.  t-tttt.-*  •«
lhat It would Imve been butler lo have
carried out tlw
a conference of representatives of the
im.oMi and  provincial  gover*»*m*nu,iT,^r1(kt,.off,rS,tl(,     T^.f.,V.   ;,*,,",
•>,,.jwii»ili»uou ami ******** ^tootipte hnvo t.ikfn up tbelr re*ldenre
in the Heck Block. Shortly after tft
ip.m. n large number of friends, ac
I eompanled by a portion of the Perot*
*   Vrf,.l4tl*'9      T'*."l* ,...t1       ... .' '
'    If-tX   4      ««f*      ****** mo******** 9 mr     •«••*«•      «..
I'M. Plant could have been
Cm? r(M>|keratine fn relleTtny
tH-tuMi Hie iiiiiur»rtiol oiieraiorn, uise-4,k«hii ailinlislon.
.....   .,,*-  *.uu.iuM, ^unrty   *it»i  iif*,-j    trmiiui aim *.in»patliiner«, **rt> yo«»
mm*   »v.i/
tho nn about tee Mnraens
caroer of dottmetion being ended
ran* to bneA.
Prom tbo evtentlre pt-tparatloM no-
ilceabl* evenrwber* tbere Is bo Voabt
tbat tbo powers tbat bo are treotfmr
this   Mttor   of   setting   oddltloMl f1fll*iik«BjllJ«f. Jg» ^*4'T2f«rt±
troop, in wnoer Hbem verv .eHo«e1y J SgJJ, % f *fc 'JZ**J£
Ii tba eburcb on ialurday noxt, Dee,
Mh, at 3 pm, Teg will be tarred during tbo afternoon. Don't forget Ibe
Con Reece.Tuldemist.Weet Fernie.  If fmmtb foor tttmimimmti
iii ui WiiMtn, mui in iiudwrmwl to ii.iv
ag^-^d to tht> namir.g ot a 'o:..xi»
■Ion. flecrelery Oarrison of lhe war
lifjiitrtinnit will confi-r wiih iin' i»r.-«I-
: „»-*j,v   »uut,l>    ll'K<<l<l.llK   llli-   M'IVI*.'Hlll-
Football gronnds, jisrk*. etc., are being utilised for tbt porpote of buBd-
ing butt tor tbe soldiers and taegeu
are to be seeo all orer so that tbere
shall m plenty of rifle praetiee.
We often see airship* out on trial
trips Covering around.   Tbla nm ot
and'while place la reraie end tht
dlttrtet.     Obaitet »od«nito;
tlw bmt....
Dr. Aimmmn, UDA^ D.D.«;
ttet, metoot ttnmotm ftsiidlag {ee-
ponlte Trttne-Woet  del   V#wi»f»erer
"Hit Mtjeety tbo King  March ...,.,.,
"Trttor «,Awfiour.....,,.,.WalUt.,	
-Pelsklt Kwlttl" PeiisK l*l»ctlon. .
"firaee and Sisuty  Oavottt.....,,,
Veetl S«te  ■	
-0*S*il« Nult"        ,, Barearelle	
••TtOi MW (Chartnleg) .., Wiltl	
mA Hunting Uetxn" ,, Otstriptive Overture
"Pnrntem Wtnntn" Mareh..	
tb,  Votaltofo .........    c. W. Hjinttit 	
Mr. JAMKI WHITtHOUSI, Aetompratet.
 F. H. Lotey
  I. Waldteufel
  •- Kat*
......... Weelseo Meree
 W. L. Tra*>er«e
  4, Offenbach
  t. Waldteufel
 P. Bucaletti
P. Laursndesu (tompooer
ef Cansdlan mwaie)
 I Av rnotmnt)
couple at th«lr new heme, but were uy 0f withdrawing the irixvp*.
obliged to wait for o*er an hour be- —» ►..—....
fore gaining admitl«inee, during which H. J, Malotiey, the defstuttliiK 'irrat
period innumerable bass drum and Varlhern Rftllway Agent. *h<> dl*«ji
snare drum solo* and dint*, and im-! p<iired from here early in the summer*,
promptu selections by tbe RHisieiiins ' and tttmn th*» reoonii beinir nttiVtfil ■
etniiK i« be iitimbered amongst those
'•■Ai' .it h'A.i.iiii if tu-\k*i i Mipremt)
efferf to assist tho party of Fornle to
bold  llioir  li»ll"
Unity  nirire  more  arnnnil  fhe   Red
Mag- the emblem of freedom :!
wor* rendered lit a vain attt;i«pt to nn:
received, ref(»r<iinat<>1y for tho ne r.'
ly weddod «-<.iii>!«- tltere !* an Intiijo'
window In one of the room* of their j
suite, itir*i,ui;h *Siiih .'»«*."<•<-** *** g4in-j
ed by one of fhe nw* diring, and upon j
being <lt»< oM-rcd. (he hapHK but unfortunate greeny was obliged  to make
4VYVirrf.:n,   fl. ,.   ,'.     U.r*.   s,l({;„
tt«*  foiiiMl  le have  roinupprwpriiued J at a Jate hour the police effet-ted »b*
.'" " ■.-.'' 11. .".!. I';;**. i.i..;, hu uirttor
Aiid iir»],4UiH"r of the Noeiaiitt Party.
Pltrwrsld addr*v*ied a lurte rrosrd tt
ont' ot the sireef *nrn*rn. and In the
rour*e ot hi* remarks, It if allege*!,
rr,*,1o um  nt tehKOAie dt rogatory l«>
n oft»i*!ilf-rf)til(> mint ri-*'ti**ri**t t.i tin
illy on Mnn its j bint .u-eoi«j*jjifd by
A. O' Ileoklethorn, « «. N. nneolsl
agent. Tlie jmrporl of this visit on
M.t.ii.in',.* {nrt *** U* fornUh *n tx*
pluns'lon of h'« d*»flrlf,. H'H !mmev*,I*le-
h* iirmn arrfva! he waa j>lnee^ undor
♦ft--' rM'r--fi
..uu;tj.   ttv «.«i.
'   "^
,.   &
*. -«1
the    mvomiry   eonfrtbntlon,   after,arrest and lolged In goal m>*\im tbe|«ui>4 he i« cbaimd with uttering m.
which <bf invsding fisrtr ifepsrtod.    {r»r»»Hrnfiian- InvfuiiRaftoo
(dttiuu> langunifo
I -I *■■?-.---., - - *''-. ..    .'
Socialism Slid War
The Causes of Wars
, . About three 'hundred and fifty Socialist deputies sit in the national parliaments of the countries engaged in
the .European war, T9iey represent
a constituency of upward of seven
•million -adult male voters, the majority
of whom are capable of bearing arms.
•Politically and physically the Socialists of Europe are thus ..weighty fac-
' tors in the belligerent nations, and
their attitude toward the war is of uncommon interest to the world.
The hope that the Socialists -would
prevent the threatened European conflagration, cherished by millions in
July, was rudely shattered in August.
Today the votaries of internationalism
and peace stand arrayed against each
other in armed combat, as effectively
as tlie Jingo-patriots of their countries. The appalling situation eould
not fail to cause a most poignant dis-
appointment among all Socialists and
■Socialist sympathizers in the United
States and in other countries outside
of tlie war-zone.
Have the .beautiful professions of international, solidarity of the workers
• and the brotherhood of m-in been vain
and meaningless phrases: has the elaborate edifice of the organized Socialist movement, so carefully reared during: half a century utterly, collapsed
■at the first contact with a great social
reality; must we discard the watchword? and slogans which h.ivc in-
spireri the heroh: struggles of two generations of tnin!;oi's i.yd workers,
must we re\'S2 our :ilii'(isoph.v, creed
and tactics in tlie face nf the be.v:'.i!nr-
•vs. developments of llii.j war?
It is q-ie-*;-! im; like there, now asSiai-
iiig nil Social!*" and radical circle.-*--,
tn.'ii I sh'ill oir.ov. c- lo answer in ihis
scries of articles
I shall .ittouiip: tc '.estate . I*.-"1 at-
copted Socialist theories of the cause**
-and effects of modern International
wars, to exmilno the practical i5jci.il-
ist prelum lor their prevent!') 1 or
curtnllmeni. ai-0 to ascertain in lhe
light of the facts now in our possession- with reference to the present European conflict, whether tnese tneur-
ies and program have stood the test
of practical experience.
To begin with, there always has
been a radical difference between the
Socialist conceptions of war and the
philosophy of the non-jSocialist peace
By Morris Hillquit
the capitalists of each category are
hostile and antagonistic, but as
against the capitalists of other groups
with opposite economic interests, they
are harmonious and united. Again as
to the working class as a whole all
individual capitalists and all divergent
capitalist interest-groups are -.blended
Into one homogeneous class, fighting
for lhe privileges of capital as such
leads to the modern policy of Imperialism.
"iLmiper'alism" is a comparatively
new term in the political distionary
of Kurope, and its definition is somewhat vague. It means mo-e than the
traditional colonial policy for centuries pursued by the governments of
Spain, .Holland, England and France.
It implies not only the possession of
up in one sentence: The 'basic cause
is capitalism; the contributory causes
are imperalism, militarism, social unrest, international grudges and pseudo-
partiotism. /
This is the accepted Socialist view
as it has gradually evolved from 1866,
when the subject was first discusesd
in the congress of the old International in Geneva, until 1907, when the
International Congress    at   Stuttgart
And during all that period " the
growth of popular dissatisfa-ction and.
organized revolt kept pace with the
acute development'- of the capitalist
system, the spread of imperialism and
the increasing burdens of militarism.
At the, close of tjie Franco-Prussian
war the Socialist and labor movement
of Europe was quite insignificant.
fThe 'Social-Democratic Party of Germany had two solitary representatives
formulated the most complete and au- M the newly formed He^hstag and a
against the claims of labor as labor,  colonies beyond the direc*. geographic-
And similarly every country, regardless of intra-national economic antagonisms, is solidly arrayed against the
industrial rivalry of every other country.
For we must bear in mind the nil-
important fact that the modern ration
is primarily an economic organization.
Its fundamental object is to secure the
material existence of iis inhabitants,
and all its functions and organs are
dlrccied toward that ultimate end. It
is first and foremost a round-up section of productive human activity, the
unit in modern lu'teruational industry. All other features of the nation are subordinated to this one determining factor. The element of
nice has undoubtedly played an important part'in the formation of nations, but it can hardly be considered
a weighty factor in their present makeup, The unceasiug process of race
mixture, busily nt work for centuries,
has practically obliterated all "pure"
racial stock in Kurope, and the present war furnishes conclusive proof
that modern nations do not represent
differences of races;. Helgium does
not defend its national integrity less
heroically because its population consists of two almost equally balanced
slock.-:, one distinctly Romanic and
'lhe other distinctly Germanic; and
Austria and Russia do "not fight less
effectively as nations because they are
made up of conglomerations of count-
less races.
Thus social evolution develops the
s;ra da tion of units in the modern competitive struggle for existence—the individual, the class and the nation,
with their countless and complex intermediate forms. Kar-h or thefe units
has its own organization and its organs for defensive and offensive warfare, Tlie individual capitalists employ their salesmen and agents io
j combat their eomjietitors: the capitalists as a class maintain their em-
, "lawyers, tlieir police and strike-break-
"ers to'hold in check their reneiUDiis
employees, -while the latter resort to
their trado unions and political labor,
parties, their strike leaders and pickets   for   the  enforcement    of    their
ul boundaries of a nation, but also the
endeavor to unite all such colonies
with the mother-country into a dominant international power—an empire,
and to steadily extend the territory of
such empire. Usually it inclddes a
program of monopolizing the natural
resources and trade of the colonies
and securing their aid for the defense
nf the empire without giving them a
voice in its government.
It is asserted on seemingly good authority that the foreign colonies acquired by the European powers in pur
expression   on
thoritative   Socialist
war and militarism.
Let us now examine whether the
theory was borne out by 'the*facts and
conditions which have preceded and
precipitated the present war.
The modern era of large-scale industry may be said to date from the j "JS
close of the Franco-Prussian iwarin
1ST!; and nothing has been more astounding in the -lris-tory of the human
raco than the rapid growtth o-f capitalism since that date.   Tho glohe-encir.
voting strength of less than 125,01)1).
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
In the other countries of Europe Socialism had no political influence" and
trade-unionism no economic strength:
In 1914, the Socialist parties of Europe represented a voting contingent
of almost 10,000,000 and had "more
than 600 representatives in the na-
ional parliaments.     The traae-union
| movement was almost as powerful as
| the Socialist movement.
I    Aiui these movements had begun-lo
''seriously threaten the existence of the
cling network of railroads, telegraphs i r,lli"B classes and the stability of the
and cables: the huge fleet of colossal; monarchies, lu Germany, the Social
steamships; the gigantic machinery • democratic movement Had progressed
of production; the fabulous individual b>' leil')S and bouilds untn u ^"braced
fortunes: the big corporations and hi- »»ore thun a mrA of tl10 entlre popu"
lernational trusts are practlcallv all'Iation- Under normal conditions the
products of tye last four decades. The government of the Empire was bound
present industrial generation has t0 Pass lnil° Socialist control within a
broken   all   past  records   and   esta.b-!few >™rs'     I" Pnince, the Socialists
had developed an ever-growing in-flu
suance of their policies of imperialism
Vive «in l'ir nrnvpd dimn-il f-illuro-s fnr! "shed undreamed-of standards*
...iie.ola. proied dismal failures for,    ^^  ^ ^^ Praulam ,^ , eni.B ,H lhe 8hal)lnjs of tUe nation's „d-
ictpil a wit indemnity of a billion dol-j
[irs   from   France  forty-three    years
the homo countries both as fields cf|
investment and a:< purchasers of corn-
modifies. .Hn: he this as it may, the
fact remains that Hie ruling classes
R"p their salvation in imperialism,,and
ihat the imperialistic policy has heen
llticnl destinies, and the labor unions
had given the government a few very
apo. Ihe sum seemed almost incredible "'"comfortable tussles. In Kngland,
in magnitude. Todav thc nationali Austr!a and "Belgium the'Socialist" and
wealth  of Germany alone    is    sixtyl8bor moveme»ts made rapid strides
toward political and industrial power.
"mo vemenfs! TTiTlJiWiWoTs'peacFaT'
■vocates usually consider war and militarism as deliberate institutions voluntarily maintained by modern governments in pursuance of a mistaken
policy. Their condemnation of the
evil is based mainly on business rea-
fciu. or ethical grounds. They argue I claims, and tlio national government
that war and armaments involve enoi'i! maintains Its consular and diplomatic
the dominant, note in lhe politics 0f j times that amount, aud the five pnn-
she principal iiiiropean countries, par-! cii)i,] countries at war represent an
ti.-nhirly England, Germany and j a=Rrejrate invested capital exceeding
France, for the last thirty or fortv(tlle famous war indemnity almost
vears. ' i"iret' hundred times.     In 1S70 the on-
" lint'the globe is limited. Europe isj lrp anniiaI fo™[?>v trade c'ftbe »r,t-
the sea! of the contending "empires."',Bl1 v::ir)rn-, Fmtee, Germany, Ans-
America is removed from imperlalis- j,rin- Rl,8S,n and Bel-Shim was about
tic appetites by the uncompromising i 8l'ven w,,,on doI,ars:   ln 19IS. [t a»*, ,   ,
Monroe doctrine.      Australia  is 1)rfL|P«*lmated twenty billion,. ; mont had created an Inextricable sit-
empted bv the English The annex-i The development of ultra-capitalist,'««•««> ^r the governments of the
able terrltorv is therefore confined "to I Industry, and particularly the advent I Principal countries of Europe. The
certain parts of \sh and Africa and . °r RrMt illd,lstr!a' consolidations, nee! industrial demands of each were for
•is all European' po'wwa contend 'for |e.8SBr".y Ied to the political consolida-; over new markets, but the
the same prize, international compll-1
cations and clashes are in tho long! ,    ., „  .  ,
run inevitable. This leads to another i scal° and with 11Ule interdependence,; nationa called for ever larger arirni-
aggravated and aggravating feature |lhe »«mercus »™a» countries ef Bu-{ ments. but the heavy burdens> of ml-
of modern European politics^MllItaiJrope'   Wllh   Ulelr  narroW *omm™*>! f-nr,8ni bad a"-eady become physically
! did not seriously interfere with the i insupportable. The revolt ot the
i commercial interests. But large na- ■ workers iwas growing ever more
jtional and international industries re-! threatening; but it was beyond the
| quired   corresponding  political  units.! power of the governments to remove
, In Russia the autocracy of the Romanoffs had a narrow escape from
being crushed by the revolutionary
i workers and peasants in 1905; and
| shortly before the war there were
. copious syiwptonis-of a formidable ,re-
i vlval of the movement.
'    Thus the logic of capitalist develop-
lobe was
tion of Europe. So loug as the in.; practically pre-empted. The commer-
dustries were conducted on a moderate!ci;i!  and  military  rivalry among the
A strong'military force is indlspen-j
sable to the maintenance of a modern I
capitalistic government, especially one]
that has embarked on Imperialist!.; ad-1
The  foundation  of the  German  Em-! the causes of unrest rooted in the very
cide with the beginnings of the large j collapse except a genera* European
modern industrial consolidations. And '.blood-letting, A successful war might
as everv large business concern finds j win   for   the victorious   nation   new
nious losses in lives and property and
constant unproductive expenditures,
nnd they naively believe that as soon
ns   it   will  ,h»  demonstrated   to   the
per vice, its army and its navy fer the
protection of Uh Interests against for-
•'imi nations, In normal times the opposing interests are adjusted by pence-
powers that be that war does not pay.! fill methods: "gentlemen's understand-
tliey mill suspend that branch of their
hiirtliii'ss. Tlie Socialists, on the other
'hand, realise that under existing conditions wars are Inevitable,
As far back as recorded history takes us we nre confronted with Intermittent but unceasing outbreaks ot war
among nations..and ut no period of
history has the world been entirely
free from Its ravages.
International warfare hus at all
time* been IndUsolubly ceiutected with
the wclal and economic structure e'
society. In each epoch the ruling
rlawos of the stronger nations have
incited wars for advantages suitable
to the economic condition-* of the time.
The ancient nations, based on slave
economy,, waged war for the capture
<ir -staves to enrich the hoime-holds of
their patricians. The medieval barons
•'Wharked In warfare for the uequial-
tion of land for the estates of their
nobles, The modern capitalist governments re»an to arms for the eon-
quest or maintenance of foreign mar-
lugs" between capitalists, conferences
and agreements between employers
and employees, and international treaties between the governments. But
all the timo the Inherent and Ineradicable niitiigouism of Interests'* is there,
smoldering under the surface, and at
times it Is bound to break out In open
nnd devastating flames. Then we
have ruin and bankruptcy of Individ-
mil* .capitalists, .strikes, ^lockouts' and
pitched bnttlcti between employers uiul
employees, ntjil war among nationx.
International wnr is only one phase of
the general ^Industrial warty rn upon
which our so-cntled civilization rests.
The HoeinllstR assert that wars arc
bound lo become more -frequent and
Violent nx tlie capitalist system of
pniditeiloti npiiMflcheK ItH elf max. In
tlie curlier stiigen of the modern Indus
trial regime each country Is principally I'ligatsed Iti the development of lt«
own ri'Doiirces and has little or no
ttrH of foreign markets. But gradually the point  i» reached at which the
ventures I !,'r'p' the "nKiratlon of Italy and the l-heart of the capitalist system
The army of each great European <'OIlsolid»tion of Austro.Hi.ngary coin-M"* could save them from a certain
power is, of course, meant primarily
for Uie imperialistic    neighbor    and
i*iVa r7_trlix~hin't~l»-iioi_itB_HOieF^nii*CtiOn7 —■     r    ■ 3 s- —1 = ic—i—,—
The native' races in the outlying col- !t ex,"?d,«nt t0 e8tab,ish *"""* offices ponies and markets, revive their in
onies are not always eager to be an- 0Ut"ld<f 0t- 1U h0me CH>'' fi° every <™-\iWtry. M* /^P^'ty <irown the out-
nexed   and   "civilized."      They  must mmM ,latio,l thoi,Sllt il "«ce68ar-v ,0! ** °" T      '" Bh°"t8 f pat(rI°ti8m'
often be subdued by force of arms and "*ure foreien co,0»ies as a«unct t01T ? ** * ,H u .? <
kept in  subjugation    bv    the    sanH>i "b trade on the world market. ] Honal  agreement   for   limitation    of
means.      The  brutal    treatment    to!    The British Empire, which now oc-1 armaments.
which the natives are hnbltuallv sub-! l"|)les °>'«"fol>^' of the earth's sur-! And so the nations of Europe pre-
iK'ted at the hands Of ftelr European | ^ ha" had  »««"«««■ toreign col-: Dared for war.   They were ready for
I on les for
conquerors constitutes   one  of  tlie!"""''' '"'  CMIturi™. but »»ny or its
strongest counts in the Indictment of \mml va,l,Pd anU PXtenslv£' Possessions, j Ing and threatening one another
ihe policy of Imperialism. E"C!l M Sifi*Tia' Br!tlsU lia8t Africa>
Rhodesia and Transvaal, havo   heen
ken* lor the 'husiness of their mann. t home mnrket no lonaet saiisljen ilif
fatturers and mercliunts.
Capitalism in pru-eiiiiimuil) it »> Mtmu
of warfare. It is based on the unso.
elal prlnelpie of Individual effort and
••ompe'.Uive stru««le, Kvery human
being in st-iit out Into (he world to elbow hii way through the throngs nf
his fellow mature* and to aeciire his
living In fight with every other human
Iwlng,     The fight Is sanguinary or
bhuxlU-iu, *\*tn Ui lllllr or i|lll<-t, hut ll
'.« «:iged Inif.-M-nllj, ulthiiiit truce
nr let-up, without pity or mercy.
Mr'm.rlli li'U % «'»r t,t tti.livl.Ju.kl*
ron4in-i*i1 for tndivldti-il sraln hut for
sirwiesti siitikoiiii the imHviiluaU iiUop-il. t-'.ie> rniMt mrn in m* fielti*. Thus
bund ihemnelvis together into groups;urine* the necessity fur foreign trade,
i»f varying Mm*** .iiffirdlng to Ihefr mn-1 with n tmrtlftth-tr predileeilon fer eol-
terisl interests.     Hetween themselves Ionics nnd dependencies,     The letter
loiiulims of the capitalist heart. Tin
i.ir*^.- m.tniti-K of the population, the
iverkers, are underpaid nnd ihelr |M»w.
er «>r ronsumptfon Ix norely curtailed
'lhe ntii'nii*tMiiml Hiirplus of maiuifac
111 red proline!* hecimns a drag on the
market nml I* pregnant witn inmis-
Irlnl st'iaiiittleti und ruin. The moil
em npltnlisti. es;iei inil) tho«e en
isttitfil Hi lnrge-«<-nle liidiintrles, make
itinri- profits Hutu Mie cnn iniuiim*
'•r ptof!(it*»lj <"iij)!«.» lu ih. ir 1**11 buM
mm. The} are toreeil to look for
itciv lnt'e-<lmi-nf« and ;i» the rMtctJir-f4**-**
-if 1'iilr mui country sre fully euplnlt.
A highly developed capitalist «ov
crnment moreover newls n strong
army almost as much for Internal ns
for externa! purposes, The same economic monstrosities wlilcn lead to 'he
desperate policy of Imperialism, cremte
n denp-seated popular dissatisfaction
nnd unrest at home. The modern",capitalist state Is built on the crater ot
n volcano—It Is always, in fear of r.n
Impending social revolution, end the
army Is needed to quell nny serious
outbreak of revolt which may occur
from day,to day. Witii ull their forms
of democracy the uHrn-oapltallst governments of Europe nre largely'haned
or. military force.
And as lhe efficiency of Ihe armed
tind nnvol forces of u nation must ne«
ccFsarlly he measured by Its potential
ability to cope with tho similar forces
o' the Hv.il powers, each competing
capitalist nation naturally strives to
outdo the other in armament, nnd this
military rivalry, aroomimnted by eon.
stnnt drilling for war, at length be-
come* Hueif ., wfirlneltlng Institution.
Among lhe ether faetors making foi1
»rti» miioiig i^i») miHleiii iiultoiiH tire
the Mutorlr grudges which they bear
agdliisi cm h other. The wans uf the
past lay the foundation for the wars
of lhe future. France lias never for-
go! ten or toi given the amputation of
Alsiire-l.orrnlne from lis body politic,
snd the, recent Balkan war has left a
multitude nf unsettled scores. And
ffiiillv, mir* nre eweoiiraged by lhe
*t,i'Umt<nt ef a nnrmw and falne pat-
riot ism. which even nutlim govern.
wt>» delihersl-fly Npl.tiiis In the
«•'«•'» ef lhe people from each child.
•yoiid »it-I which ciwuit'* In tbt* glnri-
tUniioix ot mlllisrlum snd the Insldl
mu d I *w ml nm lou of racial and nation-!
For years they have been watch
years Europe has been au armed
camp, The clash might have come
Dumewhat earlier. It might have been
'..I'kiycd somewhat. But ln the long
run it was Inevitable. Iv is idle to
place the blame for tlie monstrous
crime ou any particular nation or
government, to seek the aggressor.
Capitalism has made this war, and .ill
the nations are t'he .victims."
The savage war lu Kurope Is a ter-
i-.lih ha 1 >j ni lis nt confirmation of the
Socialist philosophy and predictions.
It Ih a solemn wanting to the United
Statest-^The Metropolitan)   ■
acquired within the alst thirty years.
Cecil Kliodes und Sir 0earge Goldie
alone have added to the.empire, within
the last twenty-five years, « domain
greater than all British India.
France, whose colonial policy dates;
back to the seventeenth century,'haa'
within the last, forly years acquired a
larger area of outlying territory than
In the two hundred and fifty years
preceding that period.
The Oerman Empire began Us political career without any colonies, and
It was not until I88f that It established itti first African settlement In
Togoland. Within the fifteen years
following it linn acquired by eonque«t.l MtlLAltKUnilA.-All officeri of
treaties, occupation aud leases n ter.jtUe American Federation of Labor
r tor, estimated at more Uian a mil. were selected yesterday by ncclamt-
lion square miles, or about Jive times |„on for the riwt tlme ,„ lh8 hlftor>.
the slxe of the mother country. |of Ul0 labor-movement.    Ban Francta-
in was selected as the 1015 convention
Wllllnm (Jreeii, International Becre-
luryTreasurer of the United (Mine
Workers, accepted the nomination
for eighth vice-president   and    was
Hut what determines the modern
Imperialistic policy of tbe European
powers Ih not so much the avidity
with which they seine foreign lands
ns the uses .which they make ot Mem
nnd the spirit In which they govern-
nr the middle of the last e«twj*l,*'t* «»«'"""'«•'>•
(treat 'Britain (tad generally eome to
regard her colonies as a thoroughly
unprofitable Investment, and the ac
• titled iwiliry of t>iie government wa*
ll appeared to be the wish ot the
representatives of ail the labor or-
gaiiisaiiona that the miners be represented In the executive council,    uw
ui neglect ami practically abandon |,,,« ,0 thl" »,*P",«wl «ntlment, l»^
them, toil, with the rise of Buroiw. sM*n' w,llle v*n«* » v*m,n of ^
Kntllsh colonial policy took a aharp ",,,ur «*•>««•»«»' ««>«l ^ 'tow of Presl
turn. The tendwwy toward a "com- d''"' VVM,,,*,,, veryardttona duties tu
placent dlsBolntlon of the empire"!,'1" lH" organlsailon, It was agreed
was suddenly cheeked shout tm, and!,,,■, 8*«r.»iary Orecn should represent
lhe omwaUo policy of wet-Jlng the co|.:'h'* w,,,,,,r» 4n ,hp «**«*nliv« ewncll.
otiiet in a elose *»d organic onion "'' ,',", •'•"aittniic Incldtiil ot lhe
with the Itnitetl Kingdom was Ins...'«• h^ng mas when WllUew a Wil-
aurat«ti. me (Joloniai defense Com. j »*■■ v'-•''«* **!r* H»*-wi*»l et Ubtr.
wiMii.e »*» entabliwhed in IMS to be-*** R Wicn.her of the Min* WorteW
j followed hy the institution of tmiterhl i' wm> ,w»fc «hw «h»"' *f eemtety ot
Vonterewet ot Colonies In IMI Tlie •'wMi'itl Uompers and i»r*t»d»d over
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hail, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
C/eek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Ferule. B, C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit' Society attached^—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 1387
Meet vcvery. Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore. Alta.
No. 1058
Meet mt-cond mid fourth Sunday
In montli.   Sick and Benefit Socloty attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet evory alternate Sunday at
2.110   p.m.   ln   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—I.   Mitchell,  sec.  Box
105, Coleman.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at -
2.30   p.m.   tn   the   Opera   House,
Coloman.—J. Johnstone, Sec
■ Meet every' second and fourth
Sunday of each month-at 2 p.m.
ii> Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec Passburg, Alta.
1 No. 949,
Meet every second,and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
In School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in Uio Bankhead Hall.
Sick ami Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
.St-c. Bankiieud. Alia."
No. 1189
.Me°i -?v«"i-y l'Vlday evening' at
T.30 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank HaVrliifflmni, Sec, Hox
r.2, Coalhurst 1\ O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Slok
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
PaRsburg, Alta. ■
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore. Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in    the    Socialist    Hal!.-—James
Burke,   Sec.   Bos   36,   Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  in /Ihe Club  Hall.    Sick
Benefit  Society , attached.—-It.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afterno-\m,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec. .
No; 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit    Society    attacked.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
Canada & United States
On Sale December lst to December 31st, 1914.
To Toronto, Unniiltou. Snniiii, Windsor. Montreal Ottawn,
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points in Ontario, Quebec nml Maritime Provinces.
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Cheap Rail Fares in Oonneotion with Trans-Atlantic Passage.
Return Limit FIVE MONTHS.
All further information from any ticket agent or of
11. PAAVSON, District Pnsgeiger Agent, Calgary, Alta.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000      Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
v O. tt. WILK €, PreiMert        HON. llOiT JAFFRAY, VleeFrei
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Revflleteke, Venoeuver and Vietortv
Interest allewwl en depeslte tt eimox rate from mtn nt -iepesit.
..l...*1 —X.
Wills, Title Dttdi, Mortgigti, Initinnc« PottdM
orothervdutbletiooneof tbeMboxtt
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nt mmme «r. «,«, ,»»„, be mmmeil' ,.^nnM£^*&Z    mZ V.«-I^M«,    of   rt, tWM mile j
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;    Nn lem rrmitrtnW-' liiin tbv *pi-t«;ni Whnt 1he min*n« nf Colnreiio ere flfht-
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; t»rrt.itMtltr aloit" antone th« Kuroiwari dee lo th« ammhlmii- srtlou of tbe
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ieprnkt ©I «ie doHiu.    Yemr dallu ie nlwegre welcome.
Fait eontpotntd iftteiftet fMitd. **
4n W* MAODONALO, Manager
mmm* sum*       ♦*.       .*.       ptttmm *. o.
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■  *■   -* .-■?    As- <?.*-■ *
• i
I    •
What I Saw In Germany
By  George   Nasmyth,   of  the   World,
1'race (Foundation, Boston, U.S.
(The author describes experiences
in Germany between August 23 aina
September 4, 1914.)
Before I could begin to see anything
in Germany in its right proportions, I
had to -become accustomed to the naw
atmosphere. Passing out from under
the partial vacuum of the English Censorship I drew a deep (breath of free
air in Holland, which receives news
from all sources, and then plunged
into the partial vacuum of German
Censorship. The German Customs
officials at Goch asked me poiueiy it
I had any English newspapers in my
possession.,. I thought this rather
strange at the time, but ascribed it
to Prussianism in general until on my
return to free liberty-loving England
I was searched at Folkestone, and all
my copies of the German newspapers,
the German White Paper and other official-documents were confiscated.
The establishment of Prussianism in
England which the war has caused
should make it easier for tlie two
countries to understand each other
after the war at least.  ■
From the accounts of Germany
which I "had read in the English pap-
ers I expected to find everything ln
confusion, the whole economic laibor
of tbe country broken ui), a half-starved population on the verge of revolution, the railway service suspended,
cholera rampant,in Derlin, and various other interesting manifestations of
German demoralization.
But I could discover none of these
things; in outward appearance, at
least the Germany at the end of August was the same Germany that I had
seen at the end of July, or at any time
during the past three years; a slightly
smaller proportion of soldiers visible
in the streets, perhaps, and a slightly
larger proportion of women and children. Tbe streets were a little quieter and even a little more Immaculate
than usual; a tense air of solemnity
and resigned sorrow had taken the
place of the usual expression of cheerfulness and happiness on the faces of
the people but otherwise life was going on much as usual. Instead of a
suspended railway service, I travelled
in tiie greatest luxury and comfort on
one of the four express trains which
are  running daily between  Cologne
the whale 65,000,000 was suffering
from hunger. The school children
.were 'being provided with nourishing
food, and 5,000 people, largely refugees
from East Prussia, were -being suppii?
ed with nutritious meals at a penny
each, or free of charge If they were
without means. The soldiers of families at the front were being paid
prom'ptly and the -prices of food were
normal. During my three years of
study in Germany I had never been
a*ble to find any slums, I had never
seen a beggar or a drunken man, and
the wonderful social - organization
which had produced this condition has
been extended and perfected to meet
the crisis. The war means a long
step towards socialism, of course, for
the rich roust voluntarily or involuntarily supply the needs ol the poor.
From wttiat I saw in Germany, how-
ever, I would judge that the war will
produce there less actual suffering
in the form of hunger and poverty
than in any of the other countries engaged.
No moratorium has been declared In
Germany, the banks have not been
closed for a single day, and people
were redeposittng in tlie savings f anks
tlie money which they had withdrawn
in the first days of panic. Some -people iwere even paying tlieir taxes for
1915 and 191G In advance in order to
help the Government and get the benefit of the 4 per cent discount which
was offered. The extent to which the
surface indications correspond or fail
to correspond with the economic realities Is very difficult to judge. When
I asked business men in Germany
about the underlying conditions they
shook their heads and looked thoughtful, just as business men do in England, t With the exception of the armament industries, It Is certain that in
Germany, as in all the other ^countries
concerned, nobody is going to reap any
economic gain from the war. This is,
I believe, one of the doctrines of the
Norman Angell philosophy.
. I talked witli many of the Englishmen who had been held in Germany at
the outbreak ot the war, aud brought
back with me a: score of letters from
them to. their friends in England; ail
testified without exception to the kindness and courtesy with which they
were being treated hi Germany—another shock to the impression which I
Russian invasion along hundreds of
miles of the eastern frontier. The
•i lance of power which I saw in England as a defensive alliance against
the aggressive intentions of Germany
became there a plot -compounded of
the Russian *- determination to break
up Austria, the French determination
for "revanche," and the English determination to smash the German
fleet and commerce. In England public opinion I saw the war lord as the
new Napoleon, determined to bring all
the-world into subjection; in Germany
I saw him as the representative of a
united people defending themselves
against a rilig of enemies who had
long -been planing to break up the
German Empire, but had heen forced
by the assassination in Serajevo tb embark on their course of dismember,
ment a little earlier than they had Intended.
A few things remained right side up.
In Gertnany I found among the leaders
of the four million Social Democrats
a hatred of Imperialism and 'Militarism more bitter and more intense than
in England or in America (it was
strange to talk with these men after
reading the reports that they had been
shot!) "But militarism is the worst
possible way in 'Which to fight militarism," they said. "It has forced us to
make this choice; either we must temporarily join forces with militarism or
we must stand by and see our country
overrun by t'he Russians. Prussir.!-
ism is b'^ enough, but wo prefer it to
Fuss'inisni." The Social Democratic
Party had almost auuined to power.
It secured 34 per cent of the votes at
Uie last election in 1912, and has 'teen
gaining at the rate of more than 1 per
cent, of the total votes a year for the
past twenty years. In co-operation
with the next most Radical Party, the
Progressive People's Party, the Social
Democrats were looking forward -,o
victory and tlie control of the Government -at thc next election in 1917.
What will !be the result of the use of
the crude instruments of military force
no one can tell, but from what I saw in
Germany I should say that if Germany
is crushed and humiliated in this war,
the overthrow of Prussianism and
militarism ln Germany will .be set back
for'a generation. Prussianism must
be destroyed, but the only people -who
can destroy lt are the German people.
have no desire for aggression; we are
fighting only in self-defence."
A wise man presiding over this con-
ference might say, "This is a war of
mutual fear. None of you know what
you are fighting for; you are as far
apart as the poles from understanding each other. Go to your Governments, tell them to call back their
artnies into their own countries, and
o-rder the soldiers to lay down their
arms and go back to their families and
During tne past three years l nave
been iii all the European countries
engaged in the ■ struggle, and I have
found militarists and imperialists in
all of them. Each has its own national type of Bernhardis, Treitschkes,
and advocates of Nietzsche's philosophy. ,But, I thank God I have found
In each of them also men who nave re**
cognized that the whole philosophy of
force is false, that militarism must be
destroyed, and that all social progress
in the future depends upon the union
of the forces of democracy and progress for the solution of the international problem, and the establishment
of those ideas,which will give the secure basts for a permanent peace. For
the present need these men are the
salt of the earth. Any solution of the
present conflict which does not depend
upon an Intellectual revolution and
which does not radically alter the present relations of the States of Europe
must necessarily be a temporary one.
I have found v an increasing number
of men in Germany, as in all other
countries who realize this. Call it
Utopia if you vfrlll, .they say, but the
only alternative to another forty-four
years of frenzied armament competition leading to another Armageddon is
some kind of a concert or federation of
Europe, leading to the federation of
the world.—War and Peace.
and Berlin aB between the other important cities. Instead of uiieaniiloy-
ment, I -found a temporary scarcity of
labor, so that women and boys had to
be employed temporarily as ticket collectors in the Underground and conductors in the street cars. Instead of
a scarcity ot food, I found tlie whole'
available population, women, boy
iteoutB. and the old men, engaged In
bringing in one of the largest crops in
the recent agricultural history of the
country. Instead of cholera and disease raging everywhere, I found the
moit perfect sanitary arrangement*
and the highest medical ability everywhere In the service of the public and
the state, end a manlier proportion of
disease than for many years past. Instead ot revolution, 1 found aa abu*
lutely -united people, resolved to etand
together until Uie last agalnat Uio
whole world full of enemiea, who, ai
the Gemmae believe, are resolved to
crush the Oerman people and clvlllsa*
tion Into the ground and to dismember
Um Oerman Empire, Instead ot bun
scr and broad riots, I found ihat the
wonderful social organisation of the
country had been still further perfected through the co-operation of tho Government with the Social Democrats
and tho woman's organisations, so that
not a single mau, woman or child of
had gatfierecTfrom the^ngUsh Press.
Dr. ftushbrook, for example, the editor
of the Peacemaker, whom I saw several times while tn Berlin, was being
entertained at the home of Pastor
For tho prisoners ot war, especially
the Freud., there has been such <u<
outburst of humanitarian feeling, particularly on the part of the women,
that the Government hns been compelled to Issue a proclamation which ie
posted on the walls of Cologne and
other cities, stating that all the prisoners of war were being well eared for
toy the -Government, and forbidding the
citizens to give them flowers, champagne and other luxuries—on tbe principle of "do not feed tho animals,"
I saw the-whole International situation suddenly turn upside down when
I passed from England Into Germany.
Through English eyes I saw the war
as an attack by Germany upon France
nnd Belgium, with Russia almost entirely outside the horlson; through
German eyes I saw the war aa an attack iby Russia upon Germany, witli almost all Uie other countries outside
the horlson. In England I travelled
In the train with Belgian refugee*
fleeing before the German Invasion; in
Germany 1 travelled In the train witn
German refugees fleeing before the
If the Republican Party can be considered as speaking for tbe American
capitalist class—and when has it ceased to be the spokesman for that class?
the capitalists of the United States are
ready to plunge the country Into war
with Japan or China, or both, over
the markets of the Oriental world.
•The leader of the Republican Party
in the House of Representatives, Jas.
R. Mann, iu a speech on October 1, opposing independence for tlu-. Philippine
Island, said that war with "the East"
was certain to come eventually, because, due to the rapid ir.lustrial development ot the Orient, the capitalists
of China aud Japan would soon be sup-
plylng their borne markets with corn-
Heard everywhere in Germany, as I
have been hearing everywhere ln England and from America, "as far as is
humanly possible tbls must be the laat
war." From all the scores of Germans with whom I talked (business
men, leaders in religion and education). I received the same reply to my
question tn regard to the German demands In case of German victory.
"In case of victory we will not ask for
one foot of territory In Europe," was
tbe almost unanimous reply. "Alsace-
Lorraine has been enough for us, and
It Is against the German principle to
have a hostile population within our
borders. We are fighting a war of
defence, and our chief concern Is to
secure the integrity of our country."
In England and all the outside world
I saw Austria and Germany looked
upon as the aggressors, and tbelr policies as the sole cause of the war.
In Germany I found that Russia and
Kngland were considered tbe nprr««-
sors and the cause of the war; Russia
because of her deter ml t\e tion to break
up the Austrian Empire, and England
because without the assurance of her
support Russia would never have embarked upon her career of aggression.
I believe that If delegates from nil the
countries concerned could be gathered together each would declare: "We
You do not wish
alum in your food
You desire to avoid it Dr. Price** Cream Baking
Powder contains no alum or lime phosphate. Its
use is therefore a safeguard agitost objectkmaWe
mineral salts which are left in the biscuit and cake
when made with Inferior powders.
Chemists have shown that a large percentage of
the chemicals of which alum baking powders are
made remains in the food in the form of Glauber's
Salt, hvdrafe ttX aluminum and ttrbe* hmmtWtm
&tfJil*eki*iuullwc«uu Rtfjtci « baking powder
unless the label shows cream of tartar.  Buy and use
modlties and would be seeking a foreign outlet for their surplus products
ln competition with American capitalists, Mann said this would force the
United States to go to war, and he
wanted to have the Philippine Islands
dependent on the -United States in
case ot that emergency. For that reason he opposed their Independence.
Coming from Uie chosen leader of
the Republican Party In the popular
branch of Congress, and from a man
who, in the last few weeks, frequently
has been pointed out as material ror
the Republican Presidential nomination in 1916, the utterances of iManu
are considered as the most definite
Republican expression with reference
to the Philippines ever made In Con-
Kress, and a most important state,
ment of the lengths to which the capitalists will go to maintain their economic supremacy. Tbe Repuftllcari
leader declared that a fight for commercial supremacy would inevitably
lead to war, thus virtually admitting
the contention of the Socialists that
tho elttsli of the economic interests of
sections of ihe capitalist class cntinei
Mann arosfuto discuss, thc Jones
Philippine Hill, an Administration-
approved measure, which would liberalise thu government ot the Island* l;i
behalf of the people tl" re, and «l»t
them a definite promise of ultimate
Ri>if.govemment. He followed Mtlnucl
I, Quezon, the Philippine Resident
Commissioner in Congress, wbo iiui't
made an eloquent plea for the Mbory
of his people.
Mann began his remarks by aymg
Um' lie wondered how many ot lata colleagues were retrying In their mind's
One   Night Only
F.   Stuart   Whyte's   All-Star
English   Musical   Comedy   Company
Presenting a Fascinating Fantasy of the
Flowery Kingdom, Entitled
24 - Sure Fire Song Hits-24
A   complete   scenic   production
and beautiful costumes
Prices: 25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00
On sale at box office
never bo enforced, in Uie long run^
without the power to enfroce it.
"When China is awakened and tbe
tendency comes which always comes
to an awakened nation, thickly populated, going out into the world either j
with her own peoplo or with tho production of goods made by tier people,]
we will have a -conflict on our hands]
which will last for many years, possibly for many centuries.
"And we who are now legislating, If j
we do not bear lu mind the possibilities not merely of to-day, or to-morrow,
or of one hundred yearn from now, of ||
tbe Inevitable conflict, commercial or I
otherwise, which we must meet In the j
Far East, have forgotten the principles 11
which ought to actuate us. ij
"I have no doubt thnt It is as certain as that the sun will rise tomorrow   UtUjiiiJ-lM UiMl U tOl.li.i-l Alii coin.-,
butween thn For Bast and the Par'
West acres* the Pacific Ocean.    Ail
I hope that it may be only a cam-
hlntory teaches u« that avoidance of
eva"the picture of recent developnuni's ItW" eon,"ci '■ Impossible
in the North Pacific Ortfcn. }   "I hope that it ma> bo e
"Only a fow years ago Japan was I m*rc,»' Wifllct, I hope that war may
opened to the world and to the niod>ot «"■••» hope there will be no eon-
era elvlliaUon," aald Mann. •Tha!f!'«* ? •J™- »ttV taw "« « '•»*
changes which have been made in!*** ,n m* "°m °r mr*iM0^ ***,
Japan, the marvellous growth of mil?™ f» *,l,e * m«*' in «"»t**'«»«
9 * — i  .j,m.    *     im.m~    a*-*•*-»■...1     M.I.I.-A...      4I99I94.A     A*...
Influence, nr* not to be equalled by \
any other nation, 1 thli.k,, in Mw Itis*\
>ory of the world.
"C!e** ia tnpnt, l/tax like j» t.u*.*?
Ing monster ef lb*- worM ls Chins,
with her vast territory, with ber Immense population, and that which wn«
Ifrtinir on a few f<*nr» nen lit .f-ipsn 1*
now going on in Chine. Th« awakening of China is more marvelloas, per. \ nl»»t «»»»* of thia country.
..*>».-,   .,,.   r.'-9.l1,-.1*f,r.   1'   .,**,. i.r*
twttt'MeeH, *b* *>trt*Hl*1*A
tt*., trt^ ri*, *SV- r*citt
tut a long period without armed eon-
flirt A Wp*t for commercial «»pre
macy leads In tho end to a fixbt with
«rms, because Ihst Is the final arblli'r
bH*.wn nations."
in thojip remark* ol th< lii-iiulilimn |
\t-Mitr In th* House the American j
workiwr -flans ha* a cl-wir msl-Mm-nt \
of thc ncfsrkws purposes ot th* caplt«
Just so|
t    .........        -,,.,,,„.„.      t.      ,,,*.,.,4,1      t  -,        ,-,   ■■        ■    ,,     11
)thl•¥lvHlT,9tlonftroarfflol!■frnday«llnl^',o«»l•,. tor ih«" cmeomie conflict wllH
' engages In production, we will enter' he there, and th# capitalists on wither |
opon a scries of competitive *ff««* 1 •w* **" *>** »" mlt* "hey havo caused
with the Par Bant never yet wtttallcl {millions of working men to be slangm-
t„   »■» :.,   „■,,»*;*   „t ,.,,., • <v?-M rm 1-hr, *ii'i}tt1X**A* '
Already the cry has ponis up, evwi {
from capitalist advocates of peace, to
| "The great population of f hln*. *«
I »*>, kball not it* permitted to com* to
oar shores.    At the sam« lime wo say j •«»«» «nl*l»K ***»"< i'WUpivloe m.le|*«
lhat China shall not bt* permitted to
shut out onr people nor our good*.
Kncb a position at we take eannot be
] abandoned by our people, but it taa
Oram «f Ifcrttv
—      —       ».     .      9      m.'   ~.l  9.      *.      49      9.
deuce. Tbeee peopte know their
"peace** talk to b* thc veriest humbug:
the* know tbat. wtten It comes to be
S qncftion htr   h« capitalist class to
wtet-e forward or to mor* bertnranl itf
I».lHVAlr8f!l!lK«ra^ifiX]««|^!,,*m «* k*»*««<*. »*» ^^
fiSSm»el%fi^Xm'lS}tt •*'* «*»«■"' '*- *» »* «*""* «
!£&£&£L°t&''Mir--is^& W ,u "mope** ot tbe tl**h-pot*. tbey
raO-STHOf-iOL FOR MEN.   $£231 h*** •■"•'> the mllnpm ot their "mom"
^X*tt^J.i^ »■ K««**' •*» «** *»» »•
"   ttt* *m**n*ni r-mmjwe tn wt* rtmmiy,
tt the working elses does not prevent
the espltiillst ticmonitration by ending
mpltattsm.—W**i!y IVwy-te.
DO you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your, business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
tarm t*a»\*t nana ******. am tra tnwt tm matin
atphtm. mtitnmu.emmUm**%nmmtlon^
On tale et ■LIASMLL'I Ocwf Stew,
f ■■■■■  mm
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :-:    Fernie, B.C. Sntt*<ei¥S*-* i:'i:'S','f%
&       £
1 - *,!
^tye Msitici £*&0*i
■ -. published every Thursday evening at itt, office,
^Pellatt Aveiiue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per: year \n advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
•i >*■
With an almost monotonous regularity llit- capitalist, press has informed us tliat the one great purpose, the one redeeming feature of the present war
would he the nnnihiliuion ior ever and aye of all
tiviees of Militarism. AVo have said repeatedly tliat
this was thc veriest humbug, and that these assertions regarding the downfall of Militarism were so
many grains of dust thrown into the puhlie eye to
blind it to the real, the basic eause of this titanic
upheaval. j ^|^
Tlie war fever i.s so intense, and rampant .jingoism so aggressive that the ordinary amenities of a
dispassionately eonsidered discussion are conspicuous by their absence.     Not lo assume the at lil mit
of life by court martial   until   parliament meets
It were a shame to spoil such a beautiful reversion to the Medieval Age by so flagrant a sample of
civilized pusillanimity as the meagre concession
referred to. This puerile play to the gallery ought
to be frowned upon, in fact, deleted, otherwise it
looks too much like absolutism with a minus sign—
(an unthinkable possibility). Note, however, it is
only applicable to the l'ritish subject, who (this
merely incidental) has a vote. The unlucky mortal other than a British subjeot who incurs the displeasure of a military or naval potentate may be
tried by court, martial and shot, without the benefit
of cither judge or jury. There is no mention as to
whether he will be •without the benefit, of clergy
or whether he will be scientifically drawn and
quartered before the extreme penalty is visited upon
Apologists may claim this is an extreme and absurd view to take of the ciise, that the military officials will not be carried .iV.'iiy by malii-e nor perin'l
j spleen lo govern their actions.   For the sake of nr-
j gumeiil we will admit the force of the contention
| but there is always the fear of the. misguided zea-
| lot endowed with plenary powers and imbued with
I fanaticism resultant from being dressed in a little
j brief authority, committing nets that mny savor of
j the '•Zabern" affair.     lt is folly to pooh-pooh such
a possibility.     Men are men. regardless of the flag
they an- burn undei'. and if the old saying iu "' Vino
Veritas" be eoiTect. no less so is "an open door
would tempi a saint." wliich in plain English means
that unbridled license in llritish military circles is
Why are you ■ killing each otiier?
What is your quarrel? Why did you
so suddenly bate each other? What
have you against each other?—you
plain peoples who do the working and
the fighting, the paying and the dying? iHow much did you have to sny
aliout bringing on this world-conflagration in which you will be the destroyed? Yes, I know you are throwing
up your hats 'for Kaiser and Czar, president, emperor, King aud fatherland
.There can be no folly without fools.
Yoa threw up your hats and died for
Charles of Kngland, the curled voluptuary—for l'eler the Great and Napoleon. You have always died for your
rulers, for (iod, and fatherland. What
Hod? The God of Christians? If
Christ stood for Christianity. Christianity stands for peace on earth, good
will toward men—tho universal broth-j
orhood of men. But it has failed to
deliver its promise. By their fruits
>e shall know them. ... If your
God be Christ, He doesn't want you
to fisht for Him. He rebuked Peter
for drawing the sword. What fatherland me you fighting for? The soil
whore you happened to open your
likely lo breed the despotism so pronounced among ] oy(lg.      ,,ow mllch o£ it (Io you own?
Ihe (ii.-i'inan officials. nm\ which has been so onus- [German peasants?   Russian peasants?
I tically dciioiiii.-cd by Old Country writers. ; French  peasants?   English  peasants?
To the Plain People
of Europe
Charles   ErsUine  Scott   Wood
"The Public."
nils ov nieir ansence.      .\ot in assume uie am me i     ,." , ,   ' , , ,       ,        ,        ,    . - \,,Bi,-i-ni no*imiit«» What u this thiinr
......     ,        ,     - .,..,-, ,        ■ a       \     I'riorto the outbreak lo have hinted at (he p<V-s!-  Auhluaii peasants. What in tnis mini,
oi   'My (eniphasif, on the "my') country right or I   .,.        „       ,       . ,-,,.-        , •    ,, -.   ■     vou call fatherland?     Surely you are
.iii.,- i    ■   . J In itv ot so drastic an edict being issued in nritrun "      ,.,,,.     ,„„ ,,_. ri„.„„,i -,,., „,k0,.s
wrong,    and—but she is never wrong!— is to court'        ',, ,        , ... „ *,     not fig-htlng for dirt cwned b> ot'jeis.
fierce denunciation from the perfervid p rot agon is-
of powder—for the other fellow. j
These self same purti/ans glibly aver " Unions,
never shall be slaves'': "An Kug'.ishniaifs Koine '.- !
liis castle"'; then, as though to substantiate the;
logic of these assertions will probably cite the dif-'
lereiiee between the conscript .soldiers of (.iermany j
and Austria (ignoring for,the nonce that this ap-1
plies with equal force to French. Russian ana Belgian) and the volunteer fighter for Britain.
Surdy these rabid utterances will be slightly (if,
not considerably) modified now that the mask lias j
been thrown aside and we see militaristic autocracy-
possessed of powers equalling either Kaiscrixui or*
C'zarisni. This is no exaggeration on our part, and
as corroborative evidence of the exactness of the
statements made would suggest that the reader.
_-niii!ii^e-_inMji-k_jLtiiLJjL\v:ii'dLvL.iliffilJ!t. Hmsnbmined re-1
i would have been scouted as ibe product of a sorely
| diseased imagination, yet it is now accepted will)
I complaisance, plainly indicative of the obsequions-
| ness paid In the supci-law dictators.
\ Dniiblless when more quiescent times have arriv-
! cii and the great mass have reached lhe analytical
stnue we may look for a readjustment carrying with
il a rclc'.ra1ion to Limbo of nil these anti-social uiaiii-
Miirht and Militarism.
What has this fatherland done for
you? Are you free? Are you happy,
you and your children? Are there no
privileged classes, no monopolies, no
nobilities    which  are  not noble,    no
1 aristocracies  which    are    not aristo-
i cratic?
Is Uie Uussian fatherland  so much
kinder and  freer and   finer  than  all
I CM <H"s ol
OTTAWA.—Acting ou the suggestion of Dr.
Dan. .Johnston, fruit commissioner, that municipalities should organize lo secure apple* direct
from tiie fanners to sell cheaply to the consumers,
the city of Ottawa has decided to try the experiment.     The eitv council will secure as a trial a
such splendid patriots as William
Randolph Hearst and Harrison Gray
"I have laughed aL this cry for
"civilized warfare" and the protest
against dum-rum bullets. There is
no such thing as civilized warfar-e,
and if you engage in wholesale hu-
man butchery, why be nice about Vst
how much you rip a man up?   .   .   .
I know things that even on Uie
inarch the censor will suppress—
hasty executions of innocent men;
men overdriven on the march lying
down to vomit from exhaustion ano
kicked into their places again.. War
is brutal and begets brutality. Young
soft lads of nineteen or twenty killed
on tlie march, or, if not killed, brutalized forever. "Civilized warfare"—
Why  not  "Christian   warrare?   .   .   .
You German workii.gmen, did you
know until you were told that your
right to liv-e was in danger? Did you
know it you Russians? You English and French workors? Do you
know it now? .How in danger? Why
in danger? From whom? • The do-
maisn, powers and privileges of your
rulers may have been In danger frdm
the ambitious of rivals, but why could
not these things have gone on as they
were till you overthrew the governing class? Workers of the world
unite! You have nothing to lose but
yonr chains, and If you really do be
lieve you are brothers the world over
aud -have the courage to die for that
instead of for a government hy aris
tocracy or plutocracy you will gain
the world and your own-souls.
j-uici a-u Lni!_:i milMaj._J'rtiiii_..\*l^!KlitlMi_*QlltaiUll..
other fatherlands that you  mast die! thinking   reader   will  agree   that   we
are living Iu a strange and very mysterious age. Wu have the principal
nations of Europe involved in one of
the most cruel and monstrous wars
known to history, and yet how strange
Is human thought when we come to
measure It by the standard of reason
and justice.- We liave many today
who are crying shame to such cruel
methods that call for men to slay each
oilier in order to gain fame for a tew
engage Belgian .women as dressmakers ,when there are already over, (our
hundred dressmakers out or employment in Glasgow.
There is something wrong an-d It
will have to be righted; -Tho Glasgow
Labor party is firmly opopsed to refugees replacing home Jabor under the
present circumstances. Regarding our
mining districts, work runs about four
days per week in Yorkshire and other
Midland districts, ajid in Durham and
Northumberland. Work is very fan
at some pits and those who have much
shipping over North sea routes are
somewhat hindered by the area being
laid with mines.
The Durham miners have suffered
n reduction of 'i% per cont. in their
wages this last week. In Northumberland work is a little over three
days per'week, high rates of shipping
and mines play an important part
against our northeast coast collieries.
Just at present in South Wales the
Admiralty mines are fairly well em-
ployed; the other mines are not iwork-
ing so steadily. Now, there are various districts where German capitalists have speculated enormous sums,
and now that suoh complications,,have
ari-sea between Britain and Germany
that has caused them to.go to war,.,
many:; of our miners refuse to work
for these firms, and in the new" coal
field of Yorkshire, near ^Doncaster,
there were two,,very large shafts -being-sunk and a new village -was being
built, and everything up-to-date. But
mark this, everything was don© by
German labor; in fact, it was to be a
German colony entirely. I am informed there was £450,000 invested
or had to be before it was completed.
Now there is a point being raised by
the miners as to how far such things
ran be allowed by any foreign company coming and speculating large
sums of money in this country, and
employing solely their own countrymen. I could say a great deal more,
but this is not the time, only, to, say
1 shall keep my eye on this important
point and report in due time. Buf
let me say that-while the war is raging with all its cruel carnage in Europe, the British labor forces are keeping a watchful eye upon the industrial battlefield.—Henry Evans in tlie
t:. M. W. of A. Journal.
for It? And so with all the other
fatherlands. You migrated from one
to another peaceably; you intermarried and made business partnerships.
Why niu«t you so suddenly kill each
other? The Jews fighting for the
Russian fatherland is very laughable.
What is your quarrel? I know the
quarrel of your rulers, but what Is
>our quarrel, tuid when a mailed fist
.\a\is why do you yell nml huzza nnd
production of what the cable brings from London:!
Private Properly  Rights iuv (lone-Kven  Courts!
Are Superseded—Military are Absolute  ■
LONDON. Dec.'_».—The new regulation:-, for the
defense of the realm iu the Consolidation Act
published Monday give the admiralty and army
apples will be purchased loose for about 4o cents
a barrel, and loaded into the car with hay padding to protect them. Counting freight and all it
is figured that the apples can be retailed in Ottawa for about #1.25 for two bags. If the plan
works well and they arrive in good shape the city
will purchase several more cnrloadv — Calgary
»'!,,.  Ai.1   .th.  f.i.i.nru I iln-uimli*-'    -innlfr-rii
■ -the plain people- so out to die for
Francis I. and Louis )OV. of France?
And Socialism: What bub become of
its univerasl brotherhood? "Workers
of the world, unite; you have nothing
to lose but your chains, and the world
to gain."
Socialism said . every workman's
homo tlie world over was one common fatherland. Thc red flag of Socialism meant the red blood of nil humanity  In  common  brotherhood,  but
-AY-&11.   ,wp asrstfL
If lhe above plan works out satisfactorily the city
•council virtual power to abrogate all ordinary! might also purcluise potatoes, cabbage, beets, etc.jit seems It ia no more controlling
liberties of British subjects, and invest them witli! direct from llie agricuiliiriNl: flour and feed direct fori« •Sf,B-1CI,r,ttJ'nJ!f'   * S '""
.     . .      . .        ..  , X-        ,i       -i,       i     j.        .. i       ii-     , »• come "Workers of France, unit
absolute powers to do whatever tliey Hunk neees-, Irom Ihe miller; heel, mutton and void direct trom
.sitry for defense.    All rights of private property j the -stock raiser; ehickeiiK, turkeys, ducks, etc.. from
■go, tlio fighting leaders lmving power to take anyI lhe poultry mini; milk, butter aud cheese direct
hind or buildings, t'oiiimniidccr any "factories -u*; IVmiii the dairyman, and, in fuel, take upon itself
workshops, cleur inhabitants from any disiriei,! Uie labor of caterer lo the entire community.     If
and unlimited power to search and arrest. j it be applicable to apples why not extend tlie phut lo
Rights of trial by judge ami jury cease, court j every oilier Vrexmiry commodity ?   Of course it
martial having power lo inflict on any civilian
punishment by death, penal servitude for life or a
less penalty.
would mee! with a fieiv*» oppiwition from ihe.nriuy.
of wholesale and retail dealer*. Such an outcry
would lie unite natural for llie very simple mison
The Roveriiinent hns. however, through the phut it would spell their complete undoing. Their
UrdChiiiieellor, promised tliat no civiliun British I slogan would be: "It's an infringement upon pri-
.subject, not under martin! law. shall bo deprived) vide enterprise." This in ipiili' correct, nnd »«
of life by court ma rt in I until parliament wMmJ il i« nowaday* "Kvery mini for himself and the
again. j Oevil take llie hiudinoKl." they, Hie wholetmle and
These drimtie regulation!*, six months ago uii-jremil denlerN lire fur more philanthropic loWHrd*
thinkable*, loihiv lire taken ih ii matter of «-oiir«ei IhemselvcH ihan lo hii.vIhhI.v* eUe, to litem it is of
unite to
murder your brothers, tlie workers ot
Germany:" "Work-cm of Russia, unite
io cut tlio throats of the workers of
I repeat for the third time: Why
are ywi doing It? What in your
quarrel? I know your ruler**' «l'"tr*
ret. 'Hie Austrian «oveniIng oIiikb
who despiiie you plain people* wanted
Ibe Unlkin »tntp«: wanted to limit the
power of the  ItUinlan  rutins   dim*.
the> are in perfect order in taking
sucli n stand, yet I have before me the
tlu> annual report of the Lancashire
county medical officer of health, Dr.
Sergeant, and for 1D1-.I wc find that
Lancashire found employment for "45,-
S0:i females and 101,I'll children as
compared with 1,480,735 men. The
list of wage-earning workers included
2(1,00(1 married women.
Now to my. point: Many of the ubove
persons that 1 refer to na taking the
stand iigiiliixt such cruel, despotic warfare are found to be some of Uiobo
factory employer* !n Lancashire. Listen to these awful remarks from the
intliiHirliil battlefield tn the report by
Ur. Sergeant. The rate of Infantile
mortality shown a rise from MM lu
t!M2 tn r-'i In i!»i:i per l.ooo children
born. Now, I do not desire to detatl
this report In full, lint to wbat Is
this heavy death rate of luibleti due?
Tbere tire many reanonv, mid Ur, Ser*
neant tiBi-rlbe* the principal eauswi to
prematurity   and   lihnmtirlty, arising
The World's Best
Send for Five Roses
MtMt <f (MALM m
Writ*   K*mf   And   Ajdrn*    pltint,.
Dan'l lo^tt to -tntleM T-Ml C«lU
ck-M-m (ran lhe coninbtttiani ol over two iSouhd<I
■uccmlut wai of Fiv* Htm. Flour thiougbaul Ctuii.
film Uwful Nm--. on ll* wrjoui (Wn ol toed (hint*
to .m, tR'oi vrKirk luvc Um cut-fully th«Ud tad
fo-dieilf-d by competent •utkority.
Mft-mwur fallow ta UKE Of TK WOWS MIUIH8 CO. UIHTtP. WHMPtfi
Trites-Wood Co.       Western Canada Wholesale
•wine ahout the AUHtriun claim. The
brutally Imponnlblo demand* of Austria upon Hervlii on ihe assassination
of Prince Ferdinand were a pretext
to force Austrian government upon tbe
IkilkanK.     The Balkan peoples were
The Itimslan (tovernlnu Mas* felt the from  (he  employment  of women  In
by nil cIhkhch.
honl llailxbiiry, Imwcver. hm.vk the |ini|nmal nf
the bill is the imiHt inieimititntioniil Ihinif thai
■ III    li.i{l|ll uril   in   till.-.   , Hill.'. i,l .
.i'kh import Hint len llioiiwiinl Kink limn Hint tliey!«'"» "rUtocrailc feared nny Increase
.... 11   .   i    .    ri   .. Mn HtiKslan power and a destruction
nhoiiM Ih* nimbi,, u, k«ii nflo.1 |of fh|, ^^ of }ww„     Ik| yo„
Thin action on thc piirl ol tlie t ity of Utlitwn tn\ wW(, „? adj(Ul|  „, or „mn„, |t? blnlts.
lAtrtblialiintf a nnr.4 iIuukci-'HIh ' *} precedent 'i r ,   \.„\ *j<4t* utrasan KovtriHirM ha* Net St'.-tvM
factories, Hut there tire other factor* which prove much negligence on
the part of local authorities In not providing better sanitary arrangements
for the care ot the children of women
who, through economic reason*, are
not consulted. Why should they be? j com pel led 4o w>ek work to the factor-
The «•'• rman ruling enlss. capltalUtle lr.i.   To prove the neglect of the Kirk-
tut nt iiihaii district In carrying out
ilielr reformed duties, that district has
Ibe Infant mortality of 3-fA per 1,000
, aud peaceful security as well.
With a policy tn our «M line
■company, you eau go ott on your
vacation or rlslt the ends of tlw
earth and you know you're secure.  Tbe best In
to Always cheapen!, mad oepeoi-
nlly so when it doesn't coet
higher. Dont deUiy about thst
renewal or about that est™ in-
surauce you want but «one right
In at once and hare It attended
Mm       mm* jk mmmu-mm
• JJLt  sfcJ&fil JL mV% Mme-wL
Thin really Is not a factory
lev'  ;v vtv'ilt ;v**:\ on tt\o van
«liili«eroux to tl»»' niiilille nmii), mnl wliiUl il will! to tl*e Au*lrl«n government hy treaty j mam In an open country known as a
... ,.     , ,     i    i     i I ,   it-   , .i.    i .  i .... ..i   r '.,.:,.,i; i;,.,.iU    r'»* »dl n« wilirv     Wbnl have yon to! liintlth resort in tiineashlre. Of course
We would «k .....v .... ivnlim. who>e ,hHiiv,m««|H. Nl \^'^U^ fc »• lUrth. j lh. tnetery employer, must not he
h. not m ileej.ly mt\tt\, tlmt it little (no mutter hour j it he enrrtiit to i mmttt\ mme the workintr «*i«^«) ,.„,„,.,. thw who ean Uv „ w|w «nd blamed for thai, hut there Is athple
•iliuiii the |M»rlioii> eominon *u*n*u> mny he tin-night to   mity even ilrnvv the tltfluclioii llliit if »n*|i|»i'i-ti»»iiti**»* j t«otHIi*.e» grml-H, nionlllie«l; *«tid Ihe'proor in »how the mill f<uidlt!on« and
beiir on tlieMibji-et, if lie hiiMever reinl oi*tr,iil;it*',,'emi cffi't-i an ccniioniy by eliiuinnliiitf llie profit on j Herman mlers, who ran lap a wire,
proeliiinicil hv the Vmtr of nil the HiiMimis wilhhhe Kinallcr wnle, Uicii why not curry it still further ;mobillsiwi,   Who of >on. my dear plain
• * "•-'»«-«- Pow- ,».«„ ike* rcn.nli of(I„.,l nbolish ».,e IWil Mynlj-M eU^r-     rim.^^^^J^^-
The  t'otuolifhlioii' Aet/        ^'hete  m   »„»  u,e  !.,   n ,|ee,|. w.,i,hU Miv.i.ely .loi«|fero.i« I., (lie HiHNtiT :   (| lhi, ^^ ^ xhttiettotmlm. turiy
blink nl the power tlie proviiiuie. of thin nel confer: «'Ih<«v However, weiloirt espeet they w ill Imve mnny | ypnrn M t\,*r\»h*A revenge, *»t ahfl?e
bi |»lfMO i*n«n«-r«r fuel litnuMnj;. ii im.-mh* Hmt wlml wuk-cfiil lnoir* on lhi% mwire. m lln-re are yet l<«Mall million on millions of money loan*,
ever lilwrlif* « llriliab aiihjwl mm  hnve lier.|o.  mnny in.lni-IiihU in liiimnii miciely who nny "It"")*? ^ *^w,e,» mttoMtm to R«asl»-tMt the!IndnstrUI beiilefleld paylag^a
,, , *.   ,„  ,    „ -„ , , .   ..Irwnee mobilised.    The «od of Peaee great priee for Ita prod-net?    lint the
      •    " "        * I hum mv* been giueh eonfneed hy this; time la aot fsr distant when labor will
llm*. fer when  tlrrmnny.  n* n  wnr  itt*  k-mrl  nntt   ttmetlt**      Wi»Bd*rfnl
Japan's Advancement '.-mtamr*, n aelf-fn^sfrvation twa-Mire j light bm »<e»n *hed ojieti the mM nntt
M.ir knows none «>f lhe nh«'tte» of
Ihe sacrifice of *o many Infani lives
and married women's -condition* In Ihe
milts. The attention of Ihe government ia tn lie drawn to It by the labor
lutity Hiit'ii tbey u*>«ciiibl«- tomorrow.
.Vote the deaths of children under one
year in thai district iotnl 4.SM.     Is
l'(»H" Uilt* i*'*\   till" hi* ill j.. . j#» ?•>«<.,, .  'ni   -(iitj   i."'®   \tt
«*}epme»l without even )» e, ittt nHir |»le,-,*iiii-" ,u-
"by-yoiir-}M.'riiiiwiKHi" tf-t'/tiiit'c. ui' eiiiy vestigi- of
litem 'I' Ihe milttHry oc kmv,iI .titll<..«iin<*» id lli.-it
M'is*lom Av-i ileein il ewenfinl to iln mi forth,- prrt-
liviioii of ihe Kmpir.'
lillllK  Ol   tt. .VOU   WllO  HH\,' Ml  pt'lilllliy .leelrtlftlltl    Hit    Olgll-nMU  Ol   .i»IM/*l»»<.l»
hIi.oii lite tfiormim viciortm long tit i»r oy your tore* the loiiowiog;
V > ftetter evi.le.iee tinil .l«p«.i Iinm rmrrytttl twit, ]»**<*>* 'iolated lhe nentrailiy of IH-
hitrbarbui (nu<) anil i* now well mhIvhiuh'*! niton:\ Mm4 tfc# ntnmof ||N||h
,t i» itti(*-i
iheiittit of the TlrtMoh    demo«r«*rlea
tlnrtni ihl» *ar *blrh will be heard.
Xa-w i\'t* mm* tu lili*# m* ntlntw ini-
i portent unesilon reearding the Itettian I
• •«<••>j    this wss a good. bonoraM* pretext, nrtiMeea, »i  whteb  there are  many)
lot    faUKUSh   rHIWl'*.   UHi   Milt*'!'    Ull,   W ^ ■wlUU.*Al-,U»  H.   f.n«llAl.U.        * tt* ViM»||U«* J
father* wlileli ie«*ulteil in the trial by jury, are nil
stnepl awnv like thtsllenloWli lw«ftifv Hie liree/e by
lli'u  etliet.
>»nl wtttt ne**' «rtMi»-o «> %ii.-ioio>i^i> nooiii    tfcrit-
Mi jiwli».e/' "f^irplay." .iikI other .-thi-^l <«liilit«il
■I'tht, oiiirbt lo be eoitvnteeil lhal Hoy nre nil moon-; n»J.- the imrtliern p«i1 of the empire i. v.. the ia-
♦.tune, nnd that when the exigenci*-* ilem.-tmt Hie (in.I ..I V.-/.. th.-w.iil loin Imlf of Sakhalin, ami H.«
iirliiler in the final aualyii* is .MMIIIT.
"ATithuMlcHlttlrh tn llwiler'a THsfWW ttoiii-j *•• •••* • PW***'-   -   -   •   The t*g-iemplO|«ii» ai* oii#ring    to    «a»plo> j
t'l*li jw^pllf 'Mf?** im* ** pn-*w*i a«nr.tk**e ftwfbr **»' ''"*' mUmt btrntii Iff J
For Sale or Trade Cheap
Three fully equipped Meat Markets
Om each at .Blairmore, Pincher Creek and
McLeod. Will sell the markets complete
wiih the lease, or the fixtures. Term* arranged to suit the purchaser.   Apply to
The 41 MARKET Co.
PERNfE - - - B. O.
HctbenimoM at 1!„. mtitn b\em\n **t .bipno. *mUllm UttAgt>t   ^^^ for UMlh,m \rJw,   t,,p> ar, oW,.rilMr |0 lU, wamm |^^^^^
■ If.lU   if   ItVilt-.?   f,
-Mtife^ ftH.,1    I    I   A *
At* %*«**
M i>» re|»»r*>e«i iimi -»»#» hhih-imnt** *i*m**. <«< r^miowiv ana nmnmetmnmm «aoi|«M«MilMa» »*  ***w»i«*    <i*«iin«»,    yet
lloHatflo h n it-rm iiiwil by Hie 4npaiie»e lo tlt-»ig• j ChrlrUnli?I, «wchl to end the iiertod | t'wre are th«*a*an4* of ilritlsh wotb-
of barkbreaMn* armaments, hot fler-Um oot of work in K^otland.   f*> net
m**% *fmld not agree j mlmmd-erslainl m»  weselm, Mr   IMI-
, .11 w»s everywhere a -mm or lorceitor.   The fi*rt:f*h*ir    It    too    ran»*|
a Kstr*l#'i». ! stalest foree, power agtlntt power, heawed io alio* • iteigtan worker to!
n-ify if*\  ' !'iinn'C   .-tMffiif   monoy     -^rof  if  ynn 'fir* wit In tb* <*»•»'<* i-fthont wnrt, bort
.\* iiioither r»nvin«-inir pr»w*f »f tlw »k*t«rwii«• i *^ »s»lsMwii»t^ the *rtte« mt jrenalaly the Hrtitak wafte» Hate ai
r'i    i in    hrtt   m»*   nfnf  !*t'j*9r* t  io'i   o-/*rf*i't fi"tii "> -,-.  'fr *,• •fn«:,- *ira*if,'
I  th.'  i     >   Miiniontii-H to nreamrr a mnt-i;'' • '-'"    no     m       n,r   •''•  '*   l  JU', t' "       ri ■     '■■'   -ul*i. ,11,11,111,..
m , , .   ,.     .     9.     .   . i ,,.   u      .       I%    . ,     „ --l   ,# a «*„ k    I*4**'* '* '** mm* er mhx im nbonlti who have ewda-rwi tu, tenth et late hat
the piw of war. we bave no nhje^mn In offer, bnt  neutrality Mwntary llaniela «f the II. K Ntty hi>»|4„ Ur ^^mm,  m^r4 ««»  »«y *re now «b«rln, ,w woarmH? nt tke
H ia the pbn-rcKaicAl arvnmettls ni the "Mler-tlmii- i^.rewHI aftpntval of tbe aetnin of |,ient.-*l1i«»imao   m<w ,|„A fm women *mm tn ihellhUlM worhen*. f!mf ihey nre only
thon" fvpe which mtptml* even lover of eanntor; <b>r K. I V.xnm, e»ontii«n»linf the nami trnining *ia4»W*le Aet* I w«l b* cle* io ktmw,   JrtttW la asktaa thews tw^t* imtrntm*
■inI ontafwleniiwia. ' \ tmtx at Xewjmrt. I I. ft»r«»i,bliii|f Ihe *w*riift~**     * « *? **« **** ** '**' «mrne*\ mtwAtm Vim **<?>»* %ntm wAom
,    X       .. .^       ..     A .        t.      •■        'ierf wfrnfrtm <tf Wr  Wtt*no imf tlr he* wmb m*r tmtl*- .m-f, -M,|,^ rI1)f(,n
,   fm- Iinv i^wimt^rrmimw totbi* Vx    n- from «Wny • • H a n %>me **?** «rn»rrw»7. - mf $m ^ mm„ ^ ^.L,,,*^ tmm.    i*« tm •««*,,in
h« gaaitrmiee hy the T^n! ftianeeflor that no Jtrl» j "My f oiwtry ft* of fhe«- flnK Ul M,sU^ ^^ M& m%i yW( ftt|iMWor, at thaw wor^r* bbtn ditsat.
it^iatltiieet. fwrt umter martial law. «balt be ileprive*.!\ H*-n*t Ihi.I of    ...  » j*^ latest «l em gawefwaseat,   for'lefled at theae easpv^ee* wnattnt ta
f|n<«itbins iif»oii the nee»««jtity of mieii atepa Wing
tah«'1. «o*l to Ho*«w Um? »».»t*i|iy ni-it'tn it s«* part of  i-.m
excellent Cuisine ~ American and
European Plan ~ Electric Ught -
Hot i Cold Water   Sample Room*
Phonei  Special Rates by the month
1^^ i^*^^^ n&|^^. jtu^g»||ML Vjbua ttihi-tt
.^^ ^^t n**^^^^  , ' *   . WOtm mtam _t*m
bwtt alW Spina -*mimw ^m ^ag
- >.
-^JikiJi >>"S**-J>SSJ'*
".."   '^ "'If*    ?*lX£  .Jt
.. v*   '   : -*.-wv,'f.*i.-:^v*1,?^-jll^S^p,;
-      ■',■•■:.*
y,' f-*-4fVi
The  District
i",*/^ \      ' *"■  '^r '' Vr"^5S
Vtv' AT^U^ST %'AA^
yy-i-9 --sv-^Sfe'-S-'i?
•   '   ,».;.,-',▼ ji <f£^^»iWSlJ-
The mines up here were idle Tues.
day.. -Shoptag of cars was given as
the reason. Thursday also was an
■Idle day. '
Xo.. 3 mine resumed work on Wednesday after an idle period of two
A meeting of subscribers to the
€oal Creek Relief fund was ""'held in
the Club Hall on Monday evening.
Reports 'were, received and the meeting decided to continue with the
monthly, subscriptions.
That a lost key does not necessitate
staying out all night -was clearly demonstrated by one of our residents,
-who was seen entering his domicile
via the. window.
Ueorge Young Is spending a short
vacation in the Brazeau district.
Mrs. Holman and Mrs. J, Oakley,
anil family, of Michel, were visiting
Mr and Mrs. .Toe Worthington during
the weekend.
The anniversary, of the wedding da>*
of Mr. and Mrs. D. F. Markland drew
a  large number ot friends together
.•Sunday. Festivities were kept up until
the wee sma' hours.
Sleighs, of. tbe v "bob" and other
spedes of .the glider type, are much
in evidence.  ,
The stork paid a visit to Slav to,wn
on Friday evening last, leaving a fine
daughter to Mr. and Mrs. Steve San-
gall.     All's 'well.
The usual monthly examination for
miners certificates will be held Mondny, December 7th, at 2 o'clock in
Old No. 9 office.
Candidates must give in their names
not less than two days before examination to Chas. O'Brien, secretary to
board of examiners.
The District and International elections will be held on Tuesday, Dec. 8.
Methodist Church — Wednesdays
"Talks on the Navy," by the pastor.
Thursday, choir practice, 7 o'clock.
Sunday, 2.30. Sunday school and Bible
class. 7.3(1 p.m., -Gospel service; subject, "Living, but "Dead."
answer to this question, Rule 561 reads
as follows: No debt due or accruing
due to a mechanic, workman, laborer,
servant, clerk or employe for and in
respect of his wages or salary, shall
be. liable to seizure or attachment unless such debt exceeds tbe sum ot
$25(00, and then only to the extent of
the excess, provided that nothing in
this rule contained shall apply to any
case where .the debt sued -for or in respect of which the judgment was recovered bas been contracted for board
and lodging. If the garnishee you
speak of bave been put in by business
men of the town of Coleman, the miner or laborer, whatever -he may be,
has a right to apply to the clerk of
the court for payment out of $25.00
as allowed by the rule above referred
to. His exemption amounts to $25.00
and only the amount in excess of the
$25,00 can be held under garnishee unless the debt sued for is for board
and lodging, then nothing is exempt,
the creditor can tako It all to the extent of his claim and costs.
Yours truly,
A concert and dance under the auspices of the Red Cross Society was
held iu the Kagles Hall, Friday last.
fleorge Reid left Saturday for Dun-
dec, Scotland, on a four months' trip.
'Mrs, D. Banks and family left Saturday to Join her husband In Laurencn,
The Literary Club held their usual
weekly meeting on Monday evening ln
the Institutional Church, when a spelling bee' took the place of the usual
debate. It proved both interei»ting
mul amusing at times.
A meeting of the electors of Coleman will be held in the Council Chambers, Monday, December 7th, for the
purpose of nominating a mayor and
three councillors, also three school
A social and dance was seld in the
Hiigies' Hall on Monday evening by
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows
after tbelr usual lodge meeting, w-nen
members nntl friends to the number of
130 Kipnnt a pleasant time.
I*. Clements, better known us
"Prenchie." hnd one of his fingers
badjy bruised while at work In No.
The statement' of Mrs. Littler and
Mrs. Whitehouse was to the effect
that they could have disposed of another 40 pairs of shoes to needy cases.
The ladies are to be congratulated
upon the very thorough and practical
manner in which they handled the
Don't .forge' the sacred concert at
the LMethodist Church next Sunday
evening at 7.30 .p.m. The protends
go to the local relief -fund.
Local-,10,')8 appointed a Christinas
Tree Committee, with power to add
to their numbers any interested persons. The committee have been highly successful up to the present, and the
kiddies are assured a happy time,
Santa promising; to - remember all.
Quite a lot of excitement prevails
these days at the -pool room of Mr. ft.
Hall who lias fitted up a tube range
for shooting competitions each Saturday, George Wilde won a turkey
last Saturday; a prize of $2.00 was
won by G. Halliday. On Saturday
next three prizes will .be competed for
—viz., Jst prize, two ducks; 2nd prize,
a ham; 3rd prize, $2.00.
Our local butcher lost part of his
nose by allowing it to come too quickly in contact with the ice .while skating,   Better luck next time.
We hear that a large number are attending the technical classes conducted by -Mr. Robertson. it would be
a good thing if some of our foreign-
speaking brothers would join the Kng-
lish class.
The wines arc supposed to bo working five days a week, -which la appreciated by those who have a Job.
Tho 'Belgian Consul was n Bellevue
visitor Monday.
iftlr. James Cousin's was thn successful applicant for lee man for tbe Bellevue Ulnk.
The attendance at the Method 1st
Sunday -School bas reached the 'high-
water mark ot ita history, some I'M
dilution having been enrolled under
Its banner.
IJmil VUmnty is spending a few
week* on hit fruit ranch at Crouton,
The wind storm whlrh prevailed
around tbla |iart of the globe the latter
end of last week took Ita usual toll of
loose fixture* in the shape of roofs,
rhlmneya. window*, .toilets, ete, Xo
personal damage to record, however.
Mr. T. Phillip, and Mr. R. Drake returned from their hunting expedition
with a good ban.
To Mir. ind Mra. Audreu Goodwill,
h daughter.
To Mr. and Mra. A, May, n son,
To Mr. and Mr*. Allan Hamilton, a
To Mr aud Mm. Joe Mi-Uian, u mon.
The International and Olatrlet Blec.
tlona will take place next Tue»day In
the Workers' Had.
•The reciter meeting of Local 411
will take place on Sunday next, Dec.
Hib. at 2.M p.m,
Monday morning.
A public meeting called by request
ot Mayor Ouimette was held in tbe
Council Chambers on Wednesday afternoon, Mr, Alex. Morrison presiding.
The purpose of the meeting was to
devise ways and me.tns to relieve tbe
distress prevalent in lhe town. "8he
tone of the meeting suggested that
whatever scheme was adopted should
bo under the control aud guidance of
the Council, and a motion to that effect was adopted. It waa nlso decided to start a relief fund. Messrs. Win.
Ilnyapme, A. Cameron, V, O. Graham,
.1. McKciiRiiu nnd Dr. Connolly were
alerted to act In conjunction with the
mayor and Councillors Johnstone and
Holmes, A subscription taken up In
thk* meeting wilt -help to relieve the
Immediate distress of the most deserving ease*. Councillor Ritchie atated
that firewood can be got on tlie forest
reserves for 25 centa a cord, and that
be was willing to give the me of n
tetiiii for hauling; Till* offer wns
much appreciated.
The miue here has been idle for -l-e
past few weeks, and the railroad track
is in such-bad shape since the thaw
that set in a few weeks ago, it will
have to be made safe before work can
be resinned. This, we understand will
be done.
James  White ami  Eli  Nelson  left
other old Beaverites. Old John went
from there to Coleman and spent the
next few days with his daughter, Mrs.
Jonathan Graham. He had a good
time while in Coleman—You bet! *
At a special'meeting of -Maple Leaf
Local Sunday last the correspondence
irom the International and District
with regard to our appeal for relief
was read. The subject was thoroughly
discussed and it was decided to send
Brothers John Hoggan an-d Charley
Cerni to Ferule as a delegation to
Interview the District Officers, and to
give the correct detail concerning the
mine workers at their respective
camps. There will bo n special meeting on' Wednesday, Dec. 2nd, to receive the report of the delegates.
Brother Mike Kuislta was duly appointed for neutral scrutineer to attend at Blairmore on election day,
Dec. 8th.
On Tuesday of last week the Leitch
Coal Co. ported notices at Mie pithead to the effect Unit no more work
would be carried on mull further notice, It seems that their contracts
with the Government and C.P.R. terminated on the ,30th. Whether they
will be in a position to renew the contract or not cannot be said. We, like
many thousands more, are trusting to
Providence to see us lliroiigb.
Mr, Thos. Duncan, accompanied by
the Kerr -Brothers, went out on a
hunting trip to the South Fork Friday
A large number of miners are pulling out for the northern field, but unfortunately when Ihey reach their destination they can only hear two words,
"Nothing doing!" It Is rather foolish
to travel so far and spend so much
money on transportation before enquiring as to conditions in these
camps. Work is hard enough to perform when we have the job, but the
hardest work of all is to get the job.
We are sorry to learn that Bro.
Leon Giivas, of Maple Leaf, who left
here some time ago for Gebo, Wyoming, died of pneumonia and was buried
iHefiT*er"HT"tn*e-*eaTij--p8TTToMH«t'"ivEekTs"-the--20th-uiir- ■
for tbe  Fergte  Mine ln the  Pacific     Passburg miners Intend  holding a
PiisB. ! hard  times dance shortly,    provided
Miss ..Mnry Simpson, who was form-Jihey can.get a hnll gratis and a few
erly employed in the post office here, j mouth organs,
ls spending a few weeks with Mrs. j    The technical school Is being well
Torpy before returning to Calgary.     patronized by the non-lJnglish apeak-
Mrs. McDonald and family left tbelr ; lug brothers,
homestead at Beaver on Tueaday last'     AAa.AAAa*aaa<*"-»
for Calgary where Mr. McDonald andi^ ^
two of the boys have been engaged in ;^
business for the past two years. !^ ~
George Ballentyne, sr., of Coalfields, tmm + + + mm*m + m + *m
near Beaver, mot with a serious nci-l-      „,        ,
dent whilst working with a team on | , rhe   n,,ne"  'm>  *1111 wopWn* ,u
his farm a fortnight ago.   Apparently 1 "me hc,'<'-   , Af,ler ,11'0 ,ast co,<1 *v*"
the horses took fright and ran offi,'» «as tliought that tilings would shick- ,,- King George
-There is no improvement in the
labor situation in this camp since last
report. , The mine worked eight days
in November. There has been >io
work now since Friday, A number of
men have quit and gone across the
border to look for a master.
A message was received in town this
morning by one of the business men,
from Drum-heller, asking for fifty miners. A number have already declared their intention of going.
A patriotic meeting is programmed
for Thursday night at which the
Mayor, Alex. McRoberts and others
will speak. A collection will be taken to aid the patriotic fund.
Tho school board have made arrangements to start classes in mining
litis week. The teachers are 'Mr.
Huntroyds and ,Mr. Johnson for mining, and Mr. ..McMa-hou for machine
drawing. There are also classes in
typewriting and other business cours.
es. A class in English for the for-
eign-speaking men has also been arranged.
At the regular meeting of Local 102
on Sunday, the question of nominating candidates for the Town Council
was discussed and it was decided to
run three candidates;, ami Alex. Paterson, II. Brooks and R.'Lee were nominated. Two candidates were also
nominated for the school board, but
later declared they would not run.
Nomination day is on the 7th, and
the election on the following Monday.
The annual meeting of the electors
of the town was held on Monday night
in the school auditorium to hear the
report of tho finances for the year.
The peuple seemed to be satisfied with
the reports given and very little criticism was heard.
♦ ♦
The mines here worker steady the
whole   or  laat   fortnight,   Uie   1st   of
since November 5th.
.Sam Jones was a visitor to Coalhurst two day s of last week, acting in
thc  capacity   of  mine   inspector.
Joe Moiling is engaged as top-eager
In the tipple, filling the vacancy caused by the absence of Duncan McNnb,
■who is servlne his king and country,
A committee of ihree wore at work
last ivt'tk getting up a subscription
In the form of a check-off for the bene-
lit of tin* widow and children of the
late George Smith.
Alfred lied well quit Coalliurst, and
there Ih ii rumor Hint lie got a Job uiid-
such demand since the beginning of
the world war.
'Scottie in Japan" is preceded by the
Old Country Pierrot's in a new vaudeville' creation called "Past, Present
and Future." lri this there are
twelve songs and some delightful dancing numbers. The costuming of this
part is a decided feature, as the period
cowered is from 1777 to IMt), beginning
with thu old English square-cut with
thc powdered wig, and progressing
as the action goes on to the modern
dress and finally to the futu'rist lad
with the ladies in colored wigs and
mannish dress, and the -.men in Ihe
knee breeches and lace frills, which
experts tell us -will be the approved
masculine attire three generations
Sunday, Dec. 0—11 a.m., "Why God
Wondered"; 7,30 p.m., "Christ and the
Broken Ones"; 2.30 Sunday school.
Wednesday, 7.30 p.m., Prayer meeting.
Thursday, 7.-15 p.m., Thoughtful Workers.    Friday, 7.30 p.m. choir practice.
', ,.,11.... I'-A'y.X'iit.t'M
Sunday, Dec. 6.—11 a.m., "iiie&ISt--
ernal Word"; 2.30 p.m., Sunday school
arid Bible class; 7.30 p.m., "Christianity and War."   , ' ,
On Monday evening Mr, Stoodley
will give another of his addresses on
the Navy, the subject being "Modern
Gunnery." Thursday evening Christmas practice and prayer service. Friday evening choir practice.
Sunday, Dec. 6 th.—Morning prayer,
HUD; public worship, 11 a.m.; Sunday
school and bible class,! 2.30 p.m.; Gospel service, 7.30; Communion servi-se,
S.30. Young Poople's Service, Monday
at 8. Weekly prayer service, Thn re-
day, at 8.
M. J. J. Martin, of tbe firm of Herchmer and Martin, left on Thursday for
Sydney, N.B., in answer to a summons
home on account of his mother being
seriously ill. t
Funeral   Director
and    Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN     BE8,DeMBcoV,H406NE ,43i    ALBERTA
Bellevue Hotel
In the  Paaa.—
Best  Accommodation
Up-to-Date — Every
excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALL AN, Prop.
throwing their unfortunate owner
from the rig witb such violence as to
render him unconscious. lie never
seemed to recover from the shock, and
died lust «week. The Interment took
place on Thursday at Pincher Creek.
Winer  Stumpht'   (Huff),   who  has
been employed aa porter at the Heaver.
Hold for the past two mouths, left'
The ladles of Michel wish to express their heartleat appreciation for
Ihe aervlce rendered hy all wbo helped
to make tho evening of Monday, Nov,
Mnl, n »oce*M«, when ■ danee waa
held In Craban'a Hall. The dance
mn* . aeii  -aU-uudt*!, aud  (lit*  tuode*l
Inst week and Jake, the bartender, wilt *
b   nailed upon to make ht-mnelf Reticr-
alty useful,
Mls« i#e, school teacher ftf Heaver,
la drilling the children and licking,
them Into »Iiai»e for the concert In j
connection with tha Chriatmna tree on ;
Chrlftmn *Bve. Aa there nre very few;
working In the eamp, raising the m-r- j
eawiry ftinda to forniah the tree will j
be a difficult proportion, but we hope
that those who ean apare a little will •
give freely to enabl* the -children loj
have a good time on that occasion, j
We learn that Ihe aervieea of three i
en up, Hiich however, Is not the casi>,
I ami In spite of the fiut that the cold
i weather may mean additional lmrdnlilp
I to some who nre tn need, tht-rc Is not
j the sllgliiettt doubt thnt It benefits the
j nilneworketf   The' majority would, no
doubt,  welcome a niiiii  winter, and
In spite of the nforeiwilil advantage*
attached to tt seven1 winter from  a
mliieworker's viewpoint, wfc are compelled to aay thut we (nut the weatli»r
mnn will not be too m-vere.
A ileleKiitlon from tlm Trades Council waiter on the Conmilmiloiiera Monthly of tliln week Willi MiffReitlons to
lake » iliorotnsh centum of the city and
find out the ncceaaltoiiii cnwtt. They
were aaaured Hint tliolr aiiggeatlon
woull be acted on al once, as tfcfty
ithe cointiilssUiiicrHi ronlizeil the i»»t'-
email) of ■ueli action, They promliMtd
to confer with lhe Clili'f of Police, tin
Hicy thought probably llm police could
tl-ll'llll"   !t   tl-Jti.-t        A   Hut (if  (lUiM(r\U.*   Vo
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
sum of 3Sr. was charged,     Bveryone boya fiom Heaver, who volunteered to
A Joint meeting of Col«maii Uc*»
39*33 not Vntbonmte Local *M7, wnn
hetd in tm Opmt House, Munday Wth
till, Uro 3, Pryee, president of xnr-
bondale Local was in the chair, Tk*
HteeUug wlgltuiUNl through complaint*
irow weather* toing garnlaheed hy
one of onr Iwal mtrehants, and waa
prrsent expressed 'ttiems-tlres a» haV'
lug had an enjoyable evening, whtoh
extended Into the wee ama' hours of
the following morning.
At midnight a rewss waa railed and
about ISO guoslft enjoyed the tooth-
some repast of fake and sandwiches
donated by lba ladles. The receipts
for the evening met* I.1J.OO. which lo*
sether with tun 15.1,50 inhserlh#d.
matt* n grand tolal of $ViM on a r**
suit of tho ladles' effort.   Tbls sum
wive their king ami country, Itaut
been rejected. This was doe to Ihe
fad that although btlt 2*> were required, upwards of 70 t>n*ii volunteer* 1.
and but half of this number was Invited lo visit the doctor at Pincher Creek.
There Is evidently no scan ity of vol-
unteera In th* "Ootden West," hot
whether this is due lo encesslve patriotism or unemployment tt It dffft
««ll to determine.
lie nuked In the ciuivhik was drawn n,t
Iln ttsHtire that ittithi'titlr Information''
i would be gained. |
J   Ueorge (lawyer, a driver, who hud
• hi* lets broken elsht wwks a«o In Vo.
« Mine, In now out of hospital going
a round with the iisshtaiiie of crutche*.
A rather peculiar nrcident h-apiM-tied
i on Thursday evening tint when a number  Of   »lt|l|Hl!.l  JlltllllllllJl   tht'   Illlllill«
class at Vo. « were uiliui <• hnml mr
tor IraitiporUnloti.    II »■**>»%* thai itt
A number of Italians tpilt last week]
and have left for a trip to their native j
Innd. i,
.lunieH Purdy, ftiimait at llie mine,!,
met witli'n painful accident on Nov-i
ember  2ith,  which  resulted  In   two!
broken flnsers, ;
A dance wan held In Roland Hill
*choolhoiisi> on Friday November 27th.
llie proceeds were turned over to Mra, I
I toward Start, who was repotted lo be',
In need owing to he rliiixbaud being i
nwny with the C'nnadlan Navy defend-!
ing our shores. i
Charlie Itillllp met with an accldont j
In the mine while working ns a drtf-l
er. lie is now In Htantond City'
llomdinl. ^ |
Harry Woods, nei eral month* re-i
cording net-rem ry for the minor*' uit-i
Ion, got a hunch that bin country .was}
needing some asuMance, t«o be offerer! j
his services and Is now In Calg:try get-}
''nit, m A.i.iin tot Auu bin t'tiiiil*       .     i
llob Conners was elected to act as!
record Ins wrclMry nt J.«»( Sutid.'tj''!'
meeting. 1
A ratepayers' meeting for nominal-1
Ing Councillor* for thc village f» billed!
for IVei'tnlwr ttit lit Hie nchmil »iotts*» *
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will furnish yonr house from cellar to garret and at bot.
torn prices.  Call, write, phono or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention.
If you ara aatlaflsd, ttll othara.   If not satlsfitd, tall tig.
A vory pleasant tlmo wnn spent at
hss been  expended  upon the needy i,|„, |,j.Ptc Hull on *»t»r«J •»  «-v*»etfi«
<-si** for lie iHttvoee,ot enlightennM j j-fciw^, *( j||,,|,el and Natal tot shoes, j ^*n tmwsrds of HO persons tooli part
ih* members on lb* art * o.-rtng sam*.     fhm m mlu haf # ^„ mnUn4 - |w , ,w-| <f|f# Mi| ^^
"Ht-ottt* In -fnpait." a fascinating mu ;
*tf-i! f»tits*y et Hte "flowery kl'ip [
Ihe dark n ridge «f slack wa» lak-wt i dom," wm be ifc-, |„HJai offering of P.*
tor box cari, and mm a shout golncit-tttntri-Whytc's all-star Kuallsb Mu*tcl
Ilny J, JofcMott, who had «ommunlcs'
ed will) tf  Oitlund, solicitor, f*tli
Vug*, lend ths lorr-wspottdent*  received, Mid fnftsr criusldcriitilo dlaeiis-
slow on ■*•• It was doeldod thai aay
mrmwttt*. mm* nmim**n*nw m '•**'*.)4*^1 of $S.to
. .W, ,,',">»'  , -9* *k,» tti.nl   ii* it\y   foViWj* d,Vr ilt-ta
hKMl nmnmri who would Mt that be
tmt pwpwif ilwilii wiih 1SB1I •*«# i-suwil
•tsps, if tMMMtry, Tho foltowlM
Is n rwpiy et iHler rcc*ivsd from tbe
»**»,»K*,*, %»f»i* u.A.   mm *t* kt999.it t*9   *t
mo wmeteotmtm 0. mitm*
and th* monoy cipcndcd as follows
I'ald to Trite* Wood tor shoes   tU.V.
Paid Wcsleru (Jrocery. shoot
It will It* notf-Mwf tbst
22. U
!'■•«..iUJWUi! „
mre tuider-eUe. umJer-welght
Kor several months post tbt picture
abom* nt the l.yrlc wt*r* follow*** bv
n Ire* danco ftainrday -evenings, .ud
•*•.;# Hs mm wrrc practically tbe oni* • -it-
Is »!,. j„t..,..*,*i vi,,,.   ,•     ......-,   * • 9
tyt,i *M***XtX 1**1 ai brm* *ti*v «»••■■«• tis
""' *'« rw»e welt fmttnn!K«d      However, n*
I dollars ond dime, sre becomln, ,c,rc ,w ^^ m m
|er Hi the eamp there was mi pi" nr*
fahow Hal urday night, not tbe whiM
1 9,.*\ ,,   ti-^t   ..,,*,-ttt,til,,*        *****   a.    ., •       *'"
np one ol nie (tsrly mii'iie.i tbe link-
• nidrri),        The  re*ull  n-i«   tbt»  pr-
ctplistlon of Joe MHIcf nnd Joe Cab*
bell thnxigh space, T^e former felt
»Mi liln i-it>. which «ii» ii-»>lly dislo
' ;llc(l„ Mini  l.l|*  ktliil' ulliilited  on bit
shoulder and  waa rendered  uncoil-
Wear »!»,--
wfth fdwtiwwt tmm and pom Mood; tbtf J unanlmoti* wish' of tbo** present a*Mt«t
No OtniMiOM!
weekly, tho following committee *»s
sppoiatod   to   make   •rnjigement*-.
j   ttwth cfilMrrn wcfH tt» rkh medicinal
l*ot« low f§*er of tho »f4l»at*»ti^^hi^^ ,m   !l,,in,,•   ,0.,,B
and fo rebty hot to ttnle tlmt the new* tata.* iwt««*'s own hfcwdi-tanoisn. 3«**h*! • rswford. Mrs. t atti#. Mrs   At* *<•
i'mttmmm mm  *t tm *ttetrtm*\*^}towlMtim^ >•"■ i'»F*»rd.    l» order sa .um
«*f Alberta iwrtaln »he Is* *«*-1 «**•*». t*tb* IWI*^, Arm irsh oan I etjwmse* If was «»fe#d to chsrrc *.•■*■«•**
* ruing »tritls»)i<e tfotwodlniS si tlii
t**r*a*nt tim*. Thtm ai* a (tow dma«.
rs totaling awatw to inwwiara la tot
Uuit aaoMty out of teert mm
W?0l(KmY w& '■t&WKm Nl ow?  mmiw |Ri»wW0W^» l^w*
t f*fc* It that th* potat yoa wtafe t»-
fcia^ltoa opon 'Is wMUaf thi »o»g-
mtn me demand hfs cwwiptlon of
i ;•..<* he* »* lw forawrly eoald.   li
nwOf »tmmn». iji e*«t«.   ladles free.   l'xt*r\   ^:'"»i
If .yam tbiMno ore, laaraid, "re.! j toy ^colng at I o'cteek pr»m?»
«twff rt«4«f  tmA, rwt ***% mr fmA |    im .mSm- tut kr*i__    14.*.    .,*<,-*„,»», >,   ,.    ^, ..    .    .„ .      ^       ,
-T tMr*tiM^immntttrrtbm$ttm^\rZ^mW^ ha» the hard lime. «h»» has*\mr. „,,
tho! mm^mmm. tt -,-»-i49. .k, .«, tmtA mi*, i™***" *' 7'm •?"MW«* "a1* T "! »*"J*t*^« aapertoacad In wtaioni -fsnafta
'I tt seffllw the wry *n«f tt*. \ ...,lt#1<l
mm* tbA «w#r *vM*» tmb, * "*,,,r,a
.emtl'b'KimtAt** tmrntitfrt* cm bi*trtet |w*» ••
bugs«NiIis»og<M»l tat gr-nwIagcbihliM  r
tt'n n pltf to Itftf It -from tfww.
At Wtt&tt$m ^4WIWilv m_nmyU^-%
l^lohrMte nm Joho '*,-■***-
tmntmr. stsltrd IllTirrest in
*m «!;  ana iprat a un    A0,
aWe ettrsm: with Bob fcrenh-ww*. *♦*« k
Eddy, I*. (1. Ottg&atM, *'. trt-m*. »M
si  ranted),  "Tho  Vernstlleg,*'   wh«nl
"•»:■  mmi' to the flrac,d Theatre, i»n,
T»i#"»il;i,t. Ia*fmt»er ISth.
Tin- n'i't;i-!« of this diiln!) nttt«< ufftr-
ing nre laid lu Japan aid Hte char-
•mw;* ii'K' <*it*-lvai nlH*. IkUUt. n***,*',
etttt*v*e*. dltdfiitrii*   kmih**»« >»n,| Or***.
*fiw* tor *eteral twiir*.     H«- is siill]t*k* *Mc-Kay'« loosh twek va«d<»villl»ns. j
Ml- t..*».t»«W rti iHn itwKiiiui. ,tuu it**: nov-,    Mc-iiki.it- 1* «•» * timt wf Uie norirt, tout \
t«r »»«lj»ot »,«<« ahitiier any  UotHrs^hen bt* rtnrben Jstwin he thinks hej
MX, i'ilh, ttlt.lt Si t'jif imtiiiU* tii'i  i*t**m, I
A grand concort mt held Monday 'Tit* trial* mA trihulsiUma of a strand-
t'ltinu fn Pie atiilliiirlinii nf ih«» ue* )-*4 tb*-*ir-ic*i dwi*    !,%»■«.    fnmi«*H«-i -'*
,*..     ttmmm   j-mihmm       me    ortlsssf mir* romenly for 'be sinfe siwd ttirf
. wrir* |Mipll# of the school, and the pm-'fanny ntlsmn 'h«n ani   othw xf^-fci
fi.rmsnrc wss s credit lo hoth Ihom < soiree of ,"iftni»ement~ ■ noi enretning!
nnd their instructor*  The prr»c«..t» ihe mother -In *1-.**     In "Scoilte in .lap-!
will be us««l to liilfthnf  book* for,»n'' ibe nlmntMH* are nr* .,(|l| the'
*:t*h* school library, laughs are nwriw*,     Tbr piece of-1
xt r*   tl-tVfifm Mr1,rt).1 i*tf bt-if thi*-*-' t,,*_   .   t., ', , ■'   >f  •'-.,     >i  i'*,.
,V'l*^(        Ml, *, • -,1m j *■- •*    : " 9 .* * ' **** * "•»
rhlldrwt  pnlfod out Hoods>   for heriligbt opera of 'he «itt#n and Hoilivanj
r irf.r*-'.i ' .V|,,>  ir. «*o(!,i:i;!,     .*:.*. kj,iji^|,v, ,**,„,,,,,,...   ,..:„   u».*   ».**   *••»),,.*
^upporti-d ii-fix-tl *tti\ l*mil_   lor llw 1 taa4«vllle   »•>!••  oi  musical  <-omi*d* !
■Ia«t fire yen*. stitM' hft haehia-4'si whk.h **.v.   v< *  Vork it*  tttnm: U*t.
■ t bU-b tbt- "rtwdj  9bnpm *
1:*.'.*■*-moon  ffrpr***""    'ifci
.. '■::,■*•  (li  ii*  i*»j<*.*4Uf i,}      1,
**.**.-    „ t.jt,it*:l.iii..   M**.-'    ,). *k*.„*9  ■
*«■• Mlfcado" and "Ann Toj/i
if t    .ti*»ff  cirif t>?  Uf-   n   a '
-3 Vn tSf,: b.%i"t r«ni'.- '»,* *
•'Th« Quality Store"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
and tbr
tmrtmt tb*. taat fi«s tdwitlr*, umbt** il *' unknot
ttrmbtr tUftlmV for 1 -x,mv*   -*-n J    \'u ^
fatally to lite, so wneml of ibe or-jcwn Wl   T
g*ntKftllwv* in th* city defrayed tfeoiwlib 1.1
**t*nnr of aoiidtBt t»r hftune
Leckie Mint 8hooi, Invictnt, Refgl md K Mtkt
Fint 8boe».
Cnll and inspect uur complete line of Pelt, Laathor
and Carpet Slippors ior men, women tnd ehlldren.
Child '• heavy Felt, leather sole,'ankle itrap SHppert
-iiwiu a* pair. ■.
Hero it yonr chance to get a bargain We are offering a lane shipment of Tra vol len' Bamples at
Factory cost     These inclode:
ladki' Waiii* from CO to $3 00
Ladiei' and Children 1 Coati and Sweaters, Avi*-
Uon Capi, and other wool goods
Our Grocery Department is complete with the choi >
eat quality goode
APPLES IK BOXES $j 26 and $1 >5
tifani* Ontario Apples tfl!W p*r hmr*\
Try r. sack of otir GOLD SEAL FLOUR, $3 6V
Call m m for Feed Bixxtii, Wheat, Shorti, Brail,
Onta and Crashed Barley.
Ttrntmnatomspr nmomtrrot^aur
The Storo Thnt SAVES You Monoy
\t ^si-.t   .i-i*,.
Page SIX
Militant Hog
"..    By Pro?.''Joh4,W*aria Stimson
./' We-girow so ijainiefl ahd distressed at
th> insane horror of war that there is
'"£«-*■*.■«> rally our sails S>ack upon firm
frsources of intellectual and moral con-
sola,tionjmd support or we would fail
to desire life, 'The greatest Idiocy, ot
the materialist'is'that in .his brutal
idolatry of matter he finds he has got
-nothing—after he -has grasped it—except Dead Sea apples.
. There is nothing in the mere ashes
of materialism,'1 the mere dead carcass
of atheism, to justify existence or
make us desire it. He has committed
intellectual and moral suicide and self-
stultification. The cards now don't
pay'for the cradle. •
It has been said that the hideous
'selfishness, brutality, vanity and cruelty brought out so flagranti^ by Priis-
sia's violation of her own honor, oath
and treaty obligations toward other nations (and especially her wanton ruth-
lessne8S and hellish cruelty toward innocent, humble Belgians in defending
their homes from this unprovoked outrage) was due to the cynical pessimism and inane Nihilism of Nietzsche's
writing—lately permeating and condoning Teutonic despotism and militarism.
It is a highly probable explanation of
this rank and'gross reprobation of all
that co-ordinates human society; all
that constitutes humane civilization,
and all that dignifies and sonsecrates
- the mutual pledges and contracts of
men and nations into something more
than a "bit of waste puper." A war
despot fails to see what would happen to him and his If men applied upon
him his own' infamous logic. "Rut
this was quickly recognized when
Turkey turned and ruthlessly tore up
all her treaty contracts with -William
Hohenzollern and" the rest of us as
waste paper. Then suddenly one war
lord hurriedly £rled- to cough, up the
very pill he was asking poor Belgium
to swallow. "The devil iwas ill, the
devil a monk would be. The devil
got well, the devil a monk was he."
Such and so obvious are the insane
paradoxes and self-stultifications
which selfishness inflicts upon Itself
and others. The crass mated ilist
could not himself endure to exHtin
the world of greed q.nd arrogance that
h s own philosophy would beget. He
1". '.limself childishly unconscious oi
h« w va.st a proportion of what makes
■  H-ltfotl-l-*
■iuv £*r:~'.
sible and livsabl-j  .'to himself.1,
tl.e world seems serene and smiling.
But let his ot&jr brothers al the table
onre turn and i-.pjiy upon him h.s
onn code (of elitism at others' expense i and he wo*i':d find the world very
di'rk indeed. There is nothing th&i
-fin blot out '.he 'le-uinfil sui from
our heaven and t.h-j flowers from our
daily -path like a first-clcas hos on Ico,
i.e., let loose -from his sty and on a
rampage in other folks' gardens, If
Germany and Ei.:->,!uiid had a right
to object at Wa*cr'oo to the -first
Napoleon "playing the hog in general,"
why have not Franco and Englamd the
same identical right to object to William of Prussia assuming the same
lt is amazing how quickly we fool
mortals object to our own crimes and
vulgarities when committed against
us instead of by us, and how clearly
ive recognize them in some one else,
Hence, the eternal necessity of constructing for each soul an intellectual
and moral aeroplane by which he can
raise himself out of the bog of his
own sty long enough to gel a fair perspective of life in general and of his
own relation to the rest of creation.'! slaughter
maniacal monstrosities, these brutalizing and degrading slaughter -pens for
human beings, when these very, humans have put an end to such bloody
spectaoles   among  lower  animate?
Civilized beings and social systems
calling themselves Christians, which
have suppressed dog fights, 'bear-baiting, bull rings and legislate even
against boxing matohes and vivisection, do not hesitate to rise up in vast
millions, armed with the most horrible and destructive engines of murder and torture and tear to pieces^the
palpitating bodies, the broken hearts
and the burning homesteads of the
most innocent, -harnfless and helpless
of their fellows, all at the insane bidding of some few gamblers in 'blood,
and actually egged on by clerical
priests caling blasphemously on God to
bless their butcheries.
Can anything be more horrible, hypocritical and monstrously maniacal?
It is surely enough to make every
soul, with a grain of decency, self-respect, human kindness or plain sanity,
want to fly to some remote island, or
leap into the sea itself to escape beholding such mockery of manhood or
from collusion with the perpetrators.
How bitterly we blame ourselves
now and one another that we did not
educate and agitate a thousandfold
more zealously against the criminal
agents that involve the world in such
and  against  the  debasing
"nre-possn Dre~^OT^""ffi%"cToinr"To~lTlm'Tf
thi result of fa.' higher and stibiimer
conceptions of life and labor in others.
A selfish and xr».jdy child In a rami,
ty takes for granted the unselfish love
of his parents, which makes home pos-
There is nothing so valuable for- a
chump bullfrog whose adoring grandchildren consider him the prize swell-
belly of that pool than to duck him in
the ocean. It is ns amusing as instructive to notice the altered horizon
of a schoolboy bully when all his classmates concentrate on teaching him
he "isn't the only pebble, on the
beach," or the quiet dignity that settles on a drunken cowboy's corpse after the whole camp decides he's "had
too much llcker to go shootin' round
so reckless."
It is the same with "Little Willie,"
I fear, as It was with "the Little Corporal" of France, and with Wallenstein
and Charles JV. -and Hannibal, and
Alexander, and Tamerlane, and Genghis Kahn, and Nero and Xerxes, and
many more far abler than he In every
way, who strutted their little hour and
fired off their bunch of crackers to
their own childish vanity, but faded
before the contempt of time and the
cold smile of scorn from the great
Gods of Olympus.
A breath had made them and a
breath unmakes. Their card palaces
crumble; the mice eat their wornout
regalia, and only the curses of the
martyred orphans and widows, and
the ever more inflated debt of blood,
Here, surely, every one has enough
to keep him busy, to draw out from
within his noblest faculties, highest
heroisms aud most essentially imperishable and satisfying rewards.
And one other -great, scientific fact,
we mus* remember, is ever on oj.* side
■to assist and to console us. It is. this:
lri the exact ratio that we pull together, we pull the easier, and in the exact
ratio that we conflict, we add to the
•burden and the strain.
And far from nature being the hopeless bear pit that the .pessimist and
war lord lyingly assert, we find her
steadily enlarging, expending and ennobling the area of faculty (from physical to intellectual, to' moral and
spiritual perception. and attainment),
substituting co-operative for competitive instincts, flooding the earth with
infinite examples ot altruistic mother
love and self-sacrifice (versus selfish-
ness and egoism) even among animals; of survival by order and harmonic association (even among ants,
bees, birds and gregarious beasts);
and slowly, steadily and obviously
subjecting all obsolete jungle animals
and animal passions to the higher control of human reason, and finally compelling man himself by the severest
lesson of self-inflicted punishment to
also accept the government of conscience and the higher self.—N. Y. Call.
An Appreciation
of John P. White
sophistry of mammon and materialism that is directly responsible., tf,
then, our temporary despair, almost
unseating reason, makes us cry out
with Cowper—
"0 for a lodge in some vast wilderness!
Some boundless contiguity of sp.ice,
Where no more rumor of oppression
come," etc.
— nt. us. cn second thought, '•e'liiin-
ber that it is against that verv temptation (cf selfish egotism) that we
mus; a!! ->-\-ur,!sle since it is right 'n
thai wry v silliness that all the trouble lm.* lain.
It is lucaits" we have doubted and
feared one iiiiother and generous Mother +3artli, aM.I e^en Gfod himself, that
w--} have been .punished by our own
hands. We must get back to t-.-usr,
loving kindness and mutual co-opera-
tion. Nature has more than ample
space and fecundity to nourish and
shelter us all, If we would but study
her majestic 'wisdom, beauty, economy
self-restraint and forethought; if we
would but obey the yet higher command of her creator to "seek ye the
kingdom of tlie soul with Its imperishable and satisfying riches," to "bear
agoiiyniatred, revenge- and~~restltu7
tion remains to be repaid. When shall
rational men who boast of their Intellectual, moral and spiritual superiority over the ape and tiger put an
end to these Insane obsessions, these
From "Trapper Boy" to President.
One has 'but to study the pictured
face of John P. White for a moment
to realize that here is a man fully endowed by nature to become a leader
among men. The broad forehead, the
linn mouth and steady eyes bespeak
i man of intellect and great strengtn
of character. Kvery feature ls clca;,
cut, and unconsciously perhaps with
convincing certainty ono realizes that
so is i-J'e man m all his dealings.
To inou ii' step by step froni ihe
('lilies of trapper boy In a coal mine
io Natlonnl President of the Uni^d
Mine Workers of America is an at-
lainiti'Pnt of Which any man Jias a
right to foe: justly proud, and Pres"-
dent White is proud of the honor bestowed upon him by his fellow workers, yet in his quiet, unassuming demeanor can be found no trace of
"chestiness" nor arrogance of manner.
From observing him one comes to
the conclusion that John P. White considers himself just one of the fellows,
a sort of geueral spokesman for liis
fellow miners, working with and for
them for the 'betterment of working
conditions and in assuring them just
compensation for the labor they perform. Born in Coal Valley, 'Illinois,
February 28th, 1870, from earliest infancy his thoughts have centered
around mines and mining. Before he
was out of dresses he was dreaming
of the day when he should toll beneath the crust of mother earth by
dim rays of his pit lamp, sledging and
wedging the sooty lumps of coal from
of the Golden Rule (not dump our burdens on each other like parasitical
snides and cowards), and, best of all,
"He that conquoreth himself is greater
than he that taketh a city."
him at times, as it does to most trapper boys. The lncessent opening and
closing of the door was not fraught
with romance of peril that he had
dreamed should mark his mining
careei. But he was happy, for at last
he could mix and mingle with mining
men, Tor lie was one of them, lt was
much more interesting than attending
the public school, which he quit to begin us a trapper boy. Besides the
lurid descriptions of mighty ex-
plosions and the no less hazardous
escapes from rooms filled with deadly
gases, told by the men as. they
munched their noonday lunch, the
stories told in his lesson books paled
to nothingness. And daily tho lure
and mystery of the eternal darkness
of the pit took deeper hold upon his
youthful mind, '
At last he attained to the stature
of a man and with pick and shovel be
worked at the face, digging and loading the sparkling lumps of coal. He
was a good miner, 'honest and industrious, and as he grew in stature so
also he grew in the estimation of his
fellow workmen.
At the age of 29 he was elected
secretary-treasurer of District No. 13,
lowa, and served so faithfully and
weii .in the six and one-half years that
he held this position that his fellow
workers in the State nominated and
elected him president of the district,
which office he -held for a .period ot
four years,
By this lime he had gained no mean
reputation in his district for integrity
and'ability, and In 1908 he was elected
the" face~6f"]iis room7 A
At the age of thirteen he embarked
upon his mining career In Ute humble
yet necessary capacity of trapper hoy
In a mine. Of course the work of this
sturdy little trapper boy palled upon
chosen president and served until *his
elevation to the International 'Presidency, which office he.now occupies.
Great as is the superstitious dread
in which the numeral "13" may be
held by others, for John pi 'White it
should hold no terrors. In his -case
it seems to he but the mystic emiDiem
of greater preferment and success.
Being International President of a
great organization like that of the
United vMine Workers is a -man's size
job, but so far, in every' particular,
the present incumbent has measured
up to the specifloations and requirements of the position.
In the many pe-nplexingi controversies which are constantly being referred to him 'for settlement he has
shown rare ability, great diplomacy
and sound judgment in his advice and
assistance in their settlement.
(Big-hearted, 'broad-minded and full
of an earnest desire to do that which
is ur for his follow workers, President Wbite is benoing all his thought,
and -powerful energy toward the oei-
:ennent of mining condition's tpday
and for all time to come. He is trying to impress on this and other nations the full measure ot honor and
respect they should pay to the honest
toller and bring them to a greater appreciation of value of the service the
laboring man is accomplishing for tbe
growth and development of the industries of the world. No doubt
President White has, or will, mako
mistakes. Only people who never do
anything can hope to go through life
w'.thout; making them. After all suoh
people 'have made the greatest mistake of all for they have never benefited themselves or their fellow man.
John 'P. White Is not that kind. He
is built fo do things, therefore,, he is
l.vone to make his share of mistakes.
It is better to -have made a few mistakes and yet have accomplished some
good than never to have tried at till.
Leadership among men has Its penalties as well as its honors. No man
can hope to fill the office which President White fills without making, some
enemies. No matter how hard he may
try to deal in a fair and just manner
wilh all parties concerned in a controversy, some are sure to feel disgruntled and hear him malice. Some
few may even be like a certain young
lawyer's client: "An Irishman," so
the story goes, was haled before the
court charged with having defrauded
his neighbor, and the young attorney
was appointed hy the court to defend
"Say, laddie," said the client to his
lawyer, "what sort of a judge ds his
"He is one of the most honorable
Mrs. Kelly Advises all Woman
to Take "Froit-a-Thes"
Hagbrsvii,i,k,,Ont.,Atjg. 26th. 1913.
"I can highly recommend "Fruita-.
tives" because they did tne an awful
lot of good and I cannot speak too
highly about them. About four years
ago, I commenced taking "Fruit-a-
tives" for a general break-down and
they did me a world of good. We
bought a good many dollar's worth,
bnt it was money well* spent because
they did all that you claim for them.
Their action is so pleasant,.compared
with other laxatives, tbat I found only-
pleasure, as well at health, in taking
them. They seemed to me to be
particularly .suited to. women, on
account of their mild and gentle action,
and I trust that some other women
may start taking "Fruit-a-tives"'after
readingmy letter, and if they do, I am
satisfied the results will be the same
as in my own case",
Mrs. W. N. KBIAY
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold by all
dealers at 50c. a- box, 6 for $2.50, trial
size, 25c, or sentpostrald oa receiptor
price by Fruit-a-tivesXlintted, Ottawa.
TntTfnltioMrvi-ce-PresidenF"- of~The
United Mine Workers of America. At
the expiration of his term of office he
voluntarily declined renominatibn for
the same office and returned to old
District Xo. 13, where he was again
"Then let's tako a change of venue,"
said Pat. "It's not justice I'm after
at all."
So It is with at least some of the
questions submitted to President
White for his advice aud decision.
Justice is not always desired by the
Possibly this paragraph, taken from
the Mt. 'Carmel ('Pa.) ^Item, best
voices the high opinion 'in which
.Presldent^White Is held by the rank
and file of United Mine Workers.
"President White, of the.United
Mine Workers of America, is a diplomat, a gentleman, an-honest man and.
In our humble opinion, working in the
labor movement for the uplift of hu-
manlty and the betterment of working conditions for the miner and labor of the world, and his ideas and
conviction's lead him to think that th£
only way to better conditions for the
working man is for him to be « member of a well and honestly managed
labor 'ulnon."
and upright of men," said the young
lawyer, "and you need have mo fear
but that you will get absolute justice
at hts honor's hand's Pat."
"Are yeez certain, man?" said Pat.
"Quite certain," replied the lawyer.
"Military despotism"  is spasmodic
in its'outbursts; industrial despotism
iB constant.
'.After Krupp's murder factory has
been razed to the ground will Creu-
sot's, Vickers' Son and Maxim, Armstrong's, Carnegie's like wise be dismantled? Deponent wotteth not, but
does not think so, -Militarism is not
a German monopoly.
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers ovin the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns* Advertisers do not have to pay compliments* but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. $*
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest     We might take this opportunity to express our appreciation for the service as rendered so far,  We would also add that it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we   -
have run acrobto in boine lime.
Will Soon Be Here
I- i (
We can supply your .needs tn
either coal or wood heaters.
Call in and look over our stock
of ranges and heaters before the
cold weather arrives.
w   \
It  <
Hardware  and   Furniture'
'Phone 37
B. C.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Miiiard s
A. Macnell 8. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef,, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
fry our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break*
wmgmmmmmemnmmmasxetammem ■
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood Street
f. C. Lawe
Alex.'I. F*she>
Fernie, B. C.
We Are Ready to Scratch
ott you- bill any Item of lumber noi
found Just as we represented.   There
--.a no hocus pocus tn
This Lumber Business
When you \?«ut spruce we do n-ui
■seud , you hemlock. When you buj
first-class lumber we don't slip ln\ a
lot of cuIIb. Thuso who buy once from
uu always eome again. Those who
have not yet made our acqualntause
are taking chances they wouldn't en
Some Frivolous Charges
FORT SMITH, Ark.—The most unnecessary Federal grand jury ever assembled by. a Federal judge to probe
disturbances of a stricken community
today returned twenty-six indictments
against members of the United iMine
Workers- The following were indicted under the blanket indictment: P.
R. Stewart, former president itt District 21; Fred W. Holt, former secretary of District 2-1; James -MoNamara,
former menuber of the City Council,
HartfordwArk.; James Slankard, resigned constable of Hartford township-, Sandy Robinson, Charles Robinson, Bee Trout, Valentin Burillo, John
Maniclc, Moro Colo, Wm. Reed, Michael Ryan, Boster Bean, Charles Robinson, Charles M. Blackburn. .Bruce
Jordan Z. Crossley, Frank Crossley,
-Marvin'-Stanfield. Wm. \V. Roberts,
John Champion, Dave Branch, Jesse
Edward and Clint Burris.
The Indicted men are charged with
conspiracy. Somo of the "overt acts"
set out ln the indictment are Interesting.     The fourth count follows: •
"Said 'Moro Colo/ (otherwise called
Morrd Collo) and (Foster Bean (otherwise called -Foster Beam), on May 16,
1914, at Prairie Creek, aforesaid threw
stones at certain employes of said
■Mammoth Vein Coal Mining Company,
to wit: Charles Cheek, Earl Kuntz,
Will Bohanon and Levi Brown.
The idea of a special grand jury of
the United States Court being necessary to determine the damage done
by a "pebble thrower," in what is said
to be by the judge of the court &
serious conflict between capital ana
labor. -Never before In the history of
the nation has the same sm-alluess in
scope of procedure been equaled.
The fifth count in the Indictment is
doubtless one of the most serious
charges that was ever embraced in
any indictment.     It follows:
"Said Sandy Robinson lotnerwise
known as Sandy Robertson), Moro
Collo and Charlie Johnson, James
Slankard and. otliers, on June 10
1914, at Prairie Creek, aforesaid, cut
and destroyed a bag of feed belonging
to said Mammoth Vein Coal Company."
The" terrible destruction of a sack
of feed is another evidence of the
great danger to which the lives of
the .peaceful cltizens'hip of Hartford
valley was daily menaced and made
necessary the calling of the special
grand jury.
And now we have the indictment
resulting from the fact that Judge
Youmans" received a threatening letter from some unknown, wbioh the
judge said made bim ever fearful for
his personal safety. The section of
the indictment and the letter follows:
l1Said James Z. Crossley, on July
2Ti, 1914, deposited in a railway post-
office on the Rock Island railroad, for
mailing and delivery to the judge of
said United States Court for the western district of Arkansas, a certain letter, to wit: a letter of the tenor following:
"July   27,   1914
" 'Judge Youmans:
" 'Dear Sir—You Know the acts you
have decided upon. As a warning
friend, we caution you to be more considerate on the administration of your
decisions. You are notified to comply
with the requirements of your office.
If such is <-not compiled with very
shortly there's likely to be an unexpected change between your soul and
fleshy temple, and you won't know
fhe d-ay, nor time, nor what means
such will take place. Still we don't
want to act cowardly, but give you a
little time to act differently, and at
any rate you will have a little time
for future preparation for the place
called heaven. You are weighed in
the balance ancl found wanting.
There's a great change soon to happen.
" 'Signed, FOREWARNED.
" 'This is a barking dog, and If teased much longer will bite.
Such were the findings of a special
grand jury of the Federal Court, Impaneled by Judge Youmans to probe
the recent mining 'troubles in Arkansas.
All of the men ijidicted will, surrender and make bond.—U. M. W. of A
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers **J&
cdunrer-irthey~~bougfit "their lumbal
here. .
•*•. Dealer* In —
Lumber, Lath, 8hingtes, Sath and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Moulding*,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—MePhereon ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23,
Causes That Led up
Hy K. C. Adams
Bar unbilled with  the  best Wines
*   Liquor* nud ('in*'*
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Good* (lroeeriea, Boot* Md
Bbom, Qttitn' rurnlablSM
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
List of Locals District 18
Namt »**. ent P. 0. Abettm
Wfctt* A«b Mlna........W«. Marah, Tabor. AIM.
Uaialobead....... ..#. Whaatlay, flanfcbead, Alt*.
H««f*r creek ....J. Umgbran, mount Croak, via Ptachar, Alts,
IMWvot. .Jamea Harte, Bos II, IMItmw, Alta,
Ulalrwotw W«. Attbtr, Dkiimone, Alt*.
Borate, ,.T. 0. Harriet, t'aesburg, AIU.
Carbondale  J- UUebeA. VmrboeOmie, Voietmn. Alu.
Otnnera.......,,.,,... Mlehaai Warren, Can-mow, AKa.
ColiMoan J. Johnatoo. Cotanaii. Alt&
CorWn . K. Oarbatt, Corbla, B. C.
chinch Mlnea, J. Kf ana, Chinook Mlnea Commtre** AHa
Pernie. , .Thot. CpWn, Ferula, B. C,
Frank..... .Kvaji Morgan, Pnnk. AJta.
Iltllrr**  Murk fitter. If lller-aer, AMa,
ltfAtbriiine U Moor*. 1131 tmrn «mim, N. LttfebrMft
1 „'bt,*<itv* Co-Warl**.     Prnrlt nnrrlfiftbaiti, {*o*niitr*1  Attn,
Maple Ism* T. -M. Ilarrka, Paaabuif, Alta.
MleM... Richard Heat*. Mifliwt, B, C.
t»«**burt ...T.t}. flanlea, Paaabent. AMa.
Thbet-....,,,.,.,,...., A, ratUMio*. Tabor, AKa.
t*.e*rr**"**tt. Can «**.., Ma* Hwter, Owoffmiowa. Oeeetmo, AMa.
Heat*** \l1nm Warre %l*Ktmm, Hortemt, ti* Wiswbf <W»Wl.
atn Tfouse, Alberta.
l-'OUT SMITH.—The industrial trouble in Arkansas is mute than u fight
hetween employes and employer;
more than a conflict between a poworful corporation on one side and a pow,
erful union on the other. It is a bat*
tie to a finish to see whether the Federal Government will protect unsound
business enterprises against the pro.
test of legitimate demands coming
from disturbed citizens who Innocently have fallen victims to the ahortcom-
tnfs of mismanagement.
Tlio transportation of non-ulnoii
employes by "Mr. Cache to his U»rt.
ford valley mlnea evidences the fact
thut he nor his associates have any
Intention of observing the law.
Armed with high-power guns and with
broken boxes of ammunition laying
In the bottom of wagons, the recruits
were conveyed to prairie Creek. Thus
dtd they mount the chip of defiance
on their shoulders -and invade uie disturbed community which they bad previously antagonized.
When Informed that the non-union
men tarried guns with them. Special
.I'ronecutoi' lllll atated thut the "nonunion men had done nothing more
ilinn the clttaen.hlp had done In parrying guns with tbem," as all reports
reaching bim Indicated that In moat
Instances the citltent of the Hartford
volley war* armed with hl*h-powt»r
rifles. Tbla statement Is unfair nnd
untrue. *..
It It not now difficult to understand
tht sympathlea of the apecial prose-
.Hitor. Never before In tbe history
of an Industrial conflict hsve tbt Federal troops been dispatch ml to protect armed men to defy the Innocent
cltli.eii.lilp or a community. Never
liefer* hss « tloverntnent proiottiior
glvon Ma approval of such an oo vtr
For several months, In his *itde»v«r
to assume tht role of tbe peraeaitod
to rover bla own mistake** aa man-
aa«*r of hia numerous nil ini mmimtt-
lm, Mr. lU-rho haa a rapreaentatlve in
Washington taylna tba foundation for
thn attntlinx uf Ffxltral troop* iitio
Arliaiisiis. Hut, to t.h# wirprt*..*- *>r n.ll.
a special prosecutor alao waa *-r»t lo
.itfireti tm* aet^ion.     Four muinn»i
i,.„   -i'viiit  ii,lt,l.,   1*11*:ll,   i**S   JlUHUl .U<'li (
Morro COllo) and Foster Bean (otlier-
wtse called Foster Beam) on July 1C.
1914, at Prairie Creek, aforesaid
threw stones at certain employes of
said ..Mammoth Vein Coal Mining
Company, to wit: Charles Cheek,
Karl Kuntz, Will Bohanon nnd Levi
, Iu the next paragraph of the Indictment four men are charged with
liut'lnK destroyed or attempted to destroy a sack of feed. Wonderful
work, Isn't tt? Think of the National Government calling out the Federal troops and sending a special prosecutor Into Arkansas to determine
the real purpose of the pebble throw.
its nnd the destruction of a sack of
It is Indeed ridiculous. When the
full tnvestigtlon of Bache vs. The
People Is revealed to the Nation the
parties responsible for the coming of
the Federal troops will be held up to
the Xatioii's scorn.
N'o one can justify the action of
Mr. Bache. N'o sane person would'
attempt to justify his course. His
first move waa to force other concerns to take over his property. 'He
outlawed himself from legitimate
business activity. . His policy has
been to rule or ruin. This Is the
policy that has vktlmlaed the National (lovernmont officials.
Hut there la an end to all things.
to him who will not strive to answer
it, for, as the sphinx said, "He shall
be devoured!" It is the problem, not
of the origin of life's forms; not the
unfolding progression of her forms up
to human reason, but the third greatest Question of all: "Qui Bono?" To
what good and justifiable end or ideal
purpose ahead is shg creating and
/svolving life and lives? And woe to
us and our lives, if we do not caimly
.and earnestly seek the answer. We
shall .surely be devoured, i. e., destroyed, disintegrated and absorbed up
into her transmuting alchemy retort,
and cast and recast ourselves 'and our
social institutions until we do answer,
and correctly. For we are surely in
her schooil of experience, and are daily
and yearly passing her examinations
to be-advanced or retarded into higher
or lower gradings.
Xow, it will help us to go hack to
that sphinx a moment, when? the trail
ends, nnd see if we can ''/iclc up the
scent of her forward steps.
There we see the mighty geomt-'n-
cal pyramid .sitting by her side
through the awful ages. Aiid both
together are surrounded by the drifting desert sands—typifying all that is
chaotic, formless, anarchic, wild, terrible, dangerous, lonely and .blinding,
ami strown with the bleached bones of
beasts and men. Not a cooling spring
or .smiling oasis in sight for our thirsty
souls or bodies.
Alone, there ranges, perhaps, the
lion, in his brutal and uncontrolled
blooillust and the cringing sycophant
jackal, and the frightful night-ma-
rfiiidinjr. sneaking hyena, digging up
Lhe corpses and the bones.
Well, here we have, nide-ed, caught
the tnijl and the mighty fingerposts of
time.     A strange    mysterious   voice
seems to come forth, with the rise of
the aurora, over the stlil desert, as
irom  the  very lips of Memnon    (or
memory):   "I  am  God  of the living,
not the dead," it says.    Yes, yes, Life!
Not   disorderly,   destructive,   chaotic,
anarchic force, leading   to   blindness,
emptiness, starvation and despair, nor
to conflict,    rapine,    murder,    greed,
theft, and the horror  of   death,   and
dark night, but to order, beauty, prog-
gress, peace, balanced reason, harmonious   adjustment   to  usefulness  and
growth.     Science, like   an   angel   of
heaven,   a    white-winged   Apollo   nt
light, comes to us, not only to reveal
to us the first great truth of abstract
thought in geometry along whose lines
the very stars, tu  their courses, are
hastening; or the second great truth
of evolutionary uiifoldment of formative thought    in    biology,   by   which
the    step    of    life's    progress    is
marked,    but    third,    and    mightest
"BFOTSl;    ft   iroTai7"Defor6   our   eyes
a    little    instrument    it    calls    the
eidophone, a little pipe across whose
bowl u slender membrance lias heen
strirtcheil,  and   bn   It  the   pulverised
desert dust has been sprinkled.   New
It lets the voice of -Mention, or musical intonation, descVnd the pipe stem,
and lo! all the arid desert dust, hrglns
to dancp In magic steps and waves of
life, aud fall into the most marvellous
geometrical arabesques  Into  original
and varied designs, rosettes, seashells
spirals, ferns, concentric flowers, trees
and Insect co-ord Ina Hous of oxnulBito
beauty, poetry and siiggoBtlvencKs.   It
seems to stand. Ilk*9 Mercury, pointing
with   his   caduceus, tn this messape
from tiie gods:  "Oh, mortals of the
poor selfish, blind, distract, tormented
plmitit, look around you at the great
workshop or Nature, und :->ee the glories and beauties ahout you that have
all spruiiu out of the •humble   dutil
atoms to miraculous beauty,   useful-
negjt, charm, delight and immortality
at the magical touoh of Melody and
Harmony,   And whence shall melody j
come, save froih your   own    Inner
hearts, and harmony from your on<<
consenting, co-ordinating and  Intelligent wisdom? '
If you wlll^not rccognls* the mil j
versnt hfnrt nnd mind; If you will not!
»eek thp coordinating social wisdom: {
If you will not exert the collnboratlttv ■
will and hand to learn th« lesson, tin 11
to obpy Uio mandate of your divine j
imrept, then behold? by your own almi
you aball be shut out of Paradine: your.
vultures feeding upon the dead car-
oases of tradition, convention and
stale abortive pedantry, utterly deaf,
dumb and blind to the sublime transcendent voices of Life, of Love, of
Humaa Sympathy and Christlike
Pity, and of LMother Nature's divine
compassions and, summing it all, one
world-wide international cry for practical brot'her.hood and Socialism.—N.
V. Call.
Directory (tf^rateiial
•Nau-ghty, (lei many is not to get any
more of Canada's nickel. What an
awful slap on the wrist! Our amiable
ally, Russia, is to be furnished with
all she can use. What an awful
shock it would be if the Big Bear
should not use it all up in the present
war and five years hence would have
to be shut off from the Sudbury pio-
duct.     O temporal O mores!
The individual who- honestly believes that this is the last war has
another think coming. So long as the
mgredieii's are on earth there'li be no
let up to the war gamp, unless the
workers refuse to supply the ingredients, and that is u doubtful quantity.
Dr. Andrew Wilson, Dr. Gordon Stables and Dr. LascelleB
Scott, the famous English analyst, have all personally tried
Zam-Bnk tat expressed themteWei
convinced of Its gre»t healing vtlue.
Mrs. St. Dents, of Thompson St.,
Weston, Winnipeg, suffered Ions
vrlth ectema t tnd flnsllr her doctor
said only Ztm-Bulc could cure her—
another fine tribute of a scientific
man to this crest herbal healer.
- Mrs. St. Denis says: "The eczemas broke out on my nose and one
side of my face. I could get no
sleep because of the irritation and pain,
and my face was in such a shocking
condition tbat for two months I did
not ,go out of the house. I applied
remedies and my doctor treated mCj
Meets   every    Wednesday!
evening at 8 o'clock- lu K. P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Moiklejohn..:
meets fixst and third
Thursdays Ui moath, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall. "-,''..
A. MINTON, N. G.   !
Meet at Atello's Hull second and third Mondays in
each mouth.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Kernie, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. In their own Hall, Victoria Avenue. i-
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of V., Jas. Madison.
Meets  every    Monday   at
7:^0 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. II. Neymham.
I  Secretary, G. Moses.
1-40 Howland Ave.
Lady   Terrace Lodge,   No.
224, meets in the K. p. Hall
■=-'■.011(1 a n.i fourth Friday-of,
i.iiii month at 8 p. m.    -
. ,HS  J. IMOOKS. W. uM.'*
'■'. OHH, Secretary.
Terrace I/Odge 1713. \\ieei
at the K. I1. Hall first and
third Fridav evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
u. oiuoirro.w w. m.
J. SHILLING. Kee. Sec.
r-;»\T>W?»\t*\T?*»\T?^?»\r/»\fc;vTf»\T;»\t?«\T/»- li.i'u -i. I
Tiut without effect, until one day he"
said that the only thing which would
he likely to cure me was Zam-Buk. I
procured a supply and to cut a long
story short, in a few weeks Zam-Buk
cured me completely, leaving no
Zaa-Buk ii i sara cnn for tub, tcaUi,
buns, tutni, tcalp som, ulceration, latin-
wuHon, sllei, tic. i »ln) u as tsibroctt'oa for
theuautlun, t»nlas aU scUllta. AU dror-
slits ani Morti at 90c. koi. sr >ast frea Iron
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
*   That Contain Mprrnry
aa mrrciiiT will mirt'Ij- iti-nti-ny'llii. ainat- of aiucll
and cinBl-l'-ttly <k-r«ui!i< JUi» nliulu arateiu'wbt-u
fiKTlnj 1' IbruUKli tlu-rniuruuK xtirfiacvo. Hut'U
•urlli-Jc* tluiiilil never Im- UHftl i-id-|il ..u ]it«serl|i-
( Idii* firm ri-imtubli- i*b> nk-laui.. at the Oaoiagt
tlit-r will do li< ti-n fold to '..iv iiw.nl you cnn |«M-
»ilily Uitlv). tti.m ihi-ui. Hull'* t'Btitrrli Cum
twmiifaotuiiHl liy r. J. I It'-iw-y ii Cn„ Tolodo, O.,
(-niilatiw mi ini-rriiry. aii-1 1« Uki-o luU-ntuliy,
ai'tliiK illri-i'lly ui»N tin- tiluut Add niui-ou* sur-
fan* nf tin- »>-»l,-iu. In Inlying IIbU'h 1'ata'rlJ
t'uro In- «in> you ft tin' ci-nnioi-. It I* l»li-n
l-it<-rnall.\ ami mmli- In Tulid... Ohio, liy K. 3,
lln-n.-y Jl t'ii.    IVatlitt-inliil* 'li*.
Sidd liy lliuec^U.    Vtltv. T.V. |>.r liv*tl«.
Tuka Hull'* Knuillr  I'l'l' for CvU*tlo»tl«0.
outcKLV arora couoHa. euaca coiot,
tunun thc tttHonr u,n •una*, sa ex.ni*
nr*     *^f*    -dtk
Ile cannot fowv*r do th^ thlmra Mmt  . ,    ,
he haa done.   Ile oannot aiiccoaarullyl h*T 'T^.^T, \,]*
prove that the miner, or the ettlwit "ht" 7**'*' ?"* M* Mkr4' '" **>
are armed to (IMt bim or hl« HinS!*,*?'1... .     T     \
lima.    No repraaantatlva of the Oov-1WwM,,tt,t »n«I **»" ot mt»mi "»* '
ernmeiit ean prove tbla charae.   Th*»
fact U that the miners are content
io takethelr chances In a Fedoral In-
vesi laat Ion that wtll ro to the bottom of the difficulty and awtablish th* j
Riiitt   wh#r<«  ih-c  aulti   will be  pttn-{
Uhf il.   If Mr, llaehp would orar aare«» I
to go into nu open, unrestricted hi>ar
Ina. liif organisation of workingmen ■
wbo he now sjwba to nxlermlniiti* will!
• o-oitfaif ailh him ut etnr$ i«»#a»l»i>i
mannar      Uu!   Mr.  iU,b* nr-fka to.
alons shall twir you; aapalilNR ayro-i
phant jMCkala xliall haunt yonr had*
of Kovrmmfiit, jour tourt* of jus-ltf.
yonr marts or irml.-.    Illdootia hy*tii«-»;
of *ii|K-r*tlllon anil »e«I. with aritmna!
intra of itanctlmoiij, but drlpplnii *ilh :
ih» blood of liab»»* and thi> pfr»»»ru .
tions of Ihe {mat, »h,iU treil xtmr flf|>».
">nd n»«»j*hltlr  nlaht   o«l« ' of   i-mirx'.
|i#daniry. nf  slcrll.- trtdliloti nml »fj|
Imllfi-*   i oiivt-nHnnm  *,>*;lt   '»i|»    ih#!r
The Connecting Link
The connecting link between the merchant and
hit customer ia the newspaper advertisement. In
it the merchant may make plain to the housewife
or the househusband, the advantages of his store
and the commodities he has to offer, in a way
that would bc impuaaibic otherwise, becsuae ol
the limited time, and the interruptions when the
tutiomcr vtaits Uie store.
When people go out to shop, they-want to get
what they need, and go home again. They want
the business news, but they want it when they
have time at their disposal. You can give it to
them through the advertising columns.
t iittttrnir.it*-* <»is ^
darh-roliH wine* thmnrh ymir team*
-hleld hlm.eir nnd^r lh. ctoak of ih^}|(|||i(||| BBrf ^^ „f |fcrjN, ^ fj||#
i l«*i•!♦•*. Siit mtlil ytm truly l«r*> llfr-
j and mt* another; nol until yon wlortv
1 iindevainnd   tw»r   ord<*r«4 htirmonifNi;
ttt*'   *******   *irtt\9   fci"HMo   -I9*.    rt* ■   *■     ,,,■.*■,.
^U- . I ntiA M-mfrlii- -hv V"»i»i*m»'* d'*i<nn mmi*,
I iiH-niionnl in a r-nwnt artl«'l*» hi»*«d|i»ii and m»rn»hH> i«rmi»h*mil#* of bn\i"
14-ttnll in tbe i*i«rtm-rm of Juatiet.JmfMfi.ni adKiicf dlaenven. th«f rtddl»|fnitfrnltv. -rooi^mtlon   and   Vbritt
\mmtbUt*iwi*tulwn«*iim^*r'm-^r-u,'i -,bt- tortvm m4 i!t«r ophiiis    and|jik*. <<,mi»aa«(un, *fcaii you •»t«»r ihf
itandln-g of labor eonfUrtu,    Wlifn I rnoaulw* th»t lb« i-waltm   ihouaht
|tl»kMl him of the fun. carrlffd hy lhe]„t  net urn   **.rl*   *#*>»*4Hr»H«r  fr*»m
law--IT  M   \V. Jotimsl
*\t   ■»*.*»     1A%M   HI.,*  lltDt.u
()»!#   It.:illtlltll   of
A*T tht*  •» * l**r*    rr,-*
IH*' and b«tll»l an
ll^T^L.^J* .„!L'-', *a*rr !*I!,,.,,rT#hw! inmr mm »,w»W in t*»j happy and prn»;t.-nm« HiltlriMon
•hat do yoo mppm*' n*\*h**x*wtmn1 net of lh*. u*n«At* »b#»ll.!    Aad, at*
«»» honi»y l***'* romb, th<» aptral **n-jund th«- wa>
P<'»>(int we |i»:.»*».
; nt tbt* entt-i
Why, I know nothing «twwt» a-irJ,«-fn, .^ i.oantlfnl; eyen ot Ihi
'wy»«lfr li-ork'* la»l. ott.
Th#» I aaked bim tf be wm i**.ti *»•:     %«l thai  onr nrt-nt. f'omrad***
rf>HtkmMn» n"-etmfllp* in  u-t-.s'   ,.,.,w!i>,,   ,. <  rt;,!!,!**. *, '-, !ilt ',,„  ,,.•
werw anppoa«d lo be »»#d.   H«* r*>i«l*d|ijon. t*x'*a1*4 »h# mlehtv
»hi*»  ht- «,!«   »>*tf fhfit I,,** J .*.   ,       ■•!   *,-     i ...
'    * il*'l.   ,1'     l,..**  {*.    ■*    ...   ,ln.     „i      r.,,,,,.. .9     MUttll*     t*y     *■!
nlmui iheai.   Titer*- mu l»« i*«» 'tttea-\ homnn  inli«lltit*fnr#
tloa bill  what Mr. i||l»   ',
opinion  thai  tba kwk-wl-ofi?
and af mpatiiit-m »r* arm^d
><"raiit|ii!#, ii** f^l&tjtjg *,*(**;,.
entad prr-
'MiiU'^K    ;»*,*«
reai'hed    It*
*a>|ln   Knropi-.
Sf-.- ^ * it. ti    ti..
fa-rhaU  *)■■<
t ti* i*t»i«
me nt** th*
»■«• I.R-:*.* t"**t>- tO'.t*" i% it-.tt
.,1 lu-r ■*'■' p* .;» #iir*c.   lliu
<■ lii'.-ir III*- Uitnt-ix rttj*t
<*r t-f-srimr bh< »1<-tlm*
'■•   a-n-1   M j-»'.«-»»       W*-
.   ,  i,,,.. •   ;**, , .. .   ij.iiit,
p-t   ,-tMl   *r.l'Hr>tc    mbtml
, ,,.,*,..,   i-i   ...,, , »,,.»JsP..j
i\-.',   ttAt t-t tta   hvpo
*TS»*f '*,':
tt*   'tb*. t*»rnj-e  ftf  f-tm*mW:r,t   •#-,i<-«'tt= In  -%*•>
mlitera|*f thi-  <fMi}n«t#»if .*in'»  '■■rucham!  Ho-ft! abll**- tl««-
A* mint nniiMl tortm.     Itm ibm- iH re*\nni.,us»f t
...' Utia.riji*   .:*   il*-*?»*'r.l-»r(4   «»;.•!»   awtitiiic^afiit faf*;'
l LHi Mi.Uv i-tli  Ui '.** »..'.»* ***. *'■»'.** 4»,*n(   ■***,
I ,V' !*•
j    "SWd Morm <*©t*» lothtrwr* railed -prnH mt btaheat 1lf# UmW. And wwlwqprtt
■>*tl» »f**.| latae tt"*mX*
Great Northern Railway
t% m-lffn'ruiK r»|'*>«H--i;ti|,» Allfwl»•»,« ruiitiii (fi|i tntrm tmm
Kt-rni.. t,, ,l.-«i»,«<%ft«**i if,   V*.-t«<   llwiinM-ici-    Vn.-«   *t ..*,*■'a,
t»ftl«r!'i nml l^tMwv   Ainu IVirtlaml   *l«     1-t.mtftti   Mn*.«
tin;   .'-.»««   VorH. ,-i»».-r|<i»,» Hi,. Ilitltflitv >.'H*u*fX.
Tkketi for steam ahip to all Bnropean points ean tw
ut: red at dejH.1.        *  ,
rS*r**l rtswrtmrttw ,-.» j^f^t^A fcr £wj  §.  Wc*t
Vo<i *lil fftjty a'l <b« ettsttfmi of mat mot*tn rafltnai ttyetp'
mem roarteooa and effiften? rwip'oye* will make ytmt tttt
bttttto pur-trentr-i ttnnmo-H»
»**«,(   t.t  'it  Mr**  tf f.vt-r
**.u*y to
J.E.COLE, Agent
o«, tat rr.RHir. b c rw i«i Wi»''-'M*yS":s-l^
ts * ~* ,y
/x ,**•—*     i
1       !,i*  . - -"      ,*-  - *        , -~    j. i- t a-***.' '£*- .   -. -■*   y i      •h'.i^j-~'"*.v--*^ ..      --*y*. \. -'- • - - *- * J.*," *** -***,-   *- - -'"* -i*sf- i
"     , "   *    *■''* ?", -    ~'~"'\   i X       "',--''■'-'•■     '   '
■n< .-
The usual Wednesday half-holiday will be cancelled during the Christmas week.      Starting Monday, December 21st, this store will be open each: evening until ten '<P. M.
Christmas Suggestions
In The Shoe Dept.
Fine Mor-owo, Wool and Pur-lined Slippers, for
nil at v-ory moderate prices, ranging from $1.25 to
$3.00 pair.
Pelt Slippers for Ladies iu mostly any color.
Your choice made in different styles, with fur tops,
or the low bedroom styles. Prices ranging from
65c. to $1.75 pair.
Skates and Boots
Ladies' Men's and Boys' Hockey Boots with
Skates attached. These shoes and Skates are made
in high grade quality and mijke a suitable gift.
Prices from $4.50 to $6.00 pair.
We i«rrv a large assortment of Skates in Men's.
• ' t ^
Women's and Children's   sizes.     Prices   ranging
from ' 50c. to $6.00 -pair.
' Snow Shoes
Snow Shots for Men, Women and Children in different, sizes and prices. Ranging from $2.25 to
$7.00 pair.
Hockey Sticks and Pucks for Men and Boys.
Overshoes and Rubbers
()*U* stock of Winter Overshoes and Rubbers is
complete in all styles and grades.
Gaiters and Leggings
Ladies and Children's Over-gaiters and Leggings
in all sizes and qualities. Prices from 65c. to $1.50
Specials Attractions in
Oup Toy Dept.
Teddy Bears
Regular $l..->0 for  $1.25
Regular $2.00 for $1.50
Regular $2.50 for $1.75
Leather Goods
2o per cent Discount off all Leather Goods, ladies'
and gents' dressing cases, manicure sets, collar boxes, jewel eas-es, military Iniir brushes and brush and
comb sets.
Dressed Dolls, regular $2.00 for $1.50
Dressed Dolls, regular $1.25 for 95
•'    Unbreakable Dolls, extra large size .. 50c. and $1
See our Window of Dolls at HALF PRICE
Dolls that are Strongly made, jointed, very nicely
Dressed and every one goes to sleep
•Just arrived a splendid selection of good, very
suitable for Christmas Gifts--Neckwear, Bead Bags,
Waists, Gloves, Handkerchiefs. Kimonos and many
other useful and dainty gifts.
See the Window
Men's Department
Gift buying in our Men's Department is a real
pleasure. The suggestions for the1 men and boys
are so numerous you have no worry in making suitable selections.
Mufflers—Silk or Wool
Fitted Suit Cases
Fitted Club Bags
Fur-lined Gloves
Sox and Tie Sets
Dressing Gowns,
Smoking Jackets
Ties in Fancy Boxes
Suspenders in boxes
Armbands in boxes ,
Warm Wool-lined Mocha Gloves
Suspender and Garter Sets ,
Handkerchiefs (Initialed or Plain)
Tie, Cuff Button and Tie Pin in Fancy Boxes
Our great variety in each of the above lines will
make choosing an easy m'atter. See our window
display of Christmas suggestions for men.
We have a most complete stock of men's and
boys' Mackinaw Conts and Pants.
With a pair of Mackinaw Pants on your boy, can
romp and play all day in the snow and not get wet.
A shake and a brush and all traces of snow and
dampness is gone.
Men's All-Wool Mackinaw Coats. Come in a
variety of chocks; just thc thing.for this country
where the snow makes a long coat a nuisance.
Now is The Best Time to do
Your Christmas Shopping
Do you realize the benefits you get by doing your
Christmas shopping early?' Not-only are you enabled to make your selections quietly and carefully,
and in your own time, but you have the choke of
the best assortment of Christmas novelties Pernie
has ever seen. You will be free from tlie hurry and
flurry that attends late Christmas buying. It means
greater pleasure and more satisfaction with wour "
Any selection you may choose may bo left in our
care until the day before Christmas.
Grocery Specials
Fancy Okanagan Celery, 3 lbs     .25
Fancy Okanagan Cabbage, per lb 02
Fancy Okanagan Red Cabbage, per lb. 02*/a
Fancy Okanagan Beets, 34 lbs 25
Fresh Killed Turkey, per lb 22
Fresh Killed Geese, per ib ( .20
Family Mixed Biscuits, per lb 15
Dairy Butter, 1 lb. bricks  30
Robin Hood Porridge. Oats, 5 lbs 25
Robin Hood (Dream of Wheat, 3 pkgs 25
Lowney's Cocoa, y» lb. tins , 20
Roquefort Cheese, per lb 40
Peaches, 2 lb tins, 2 for 35
Plums, 2 lb. tins, 2 for 25
Heinz' Pork nnd Beans, large size, 2 for 45-
Heinz' Pork and Beans, medium size, 2 for...    .35
Siam Rice. 0 lbs 50
Roger's Pure Cane Syrup, 2 lb. tins  15
The Store of
Money Saving Prices
Geo. D. Herron
On the War
A dear comrade of ours inter.)
viewed one ot the most famous American Socialists, Comrade Dr. (ieorge
I lerron, who Is also a learned sociologist, He has been living these last
faw years ln our city, devoting himself to study, and he has been following the Italian Socialist movement
witb great Interest.
The interview, very important and
profound. Is the expression of a soul
sincerely and enthusJaHtlcnlly Ho-Piat-
Int.- Therefore, we publish lt In full;
also because It enables us to know the
opinion of tho American Soclnllst
imrty on the responsibility of the Socialist parties of different countries In
this present tragical conflagration,
Now let m hear what our Comrade
Mr. Her-ron has to say:
Ih> yon believe what the bourgeois
and the democrats now believe, thai
the International work ot Socialism
will be destroyed by the present warY
•The existing Socialist partlet* may
ba destroyed bnt not the international
vnrtt nf S/w<'»tl«m. Bv-vn If the 'Hunt
that Is fttared should nome to pass;
If the duration and dcvantntln* *tti*f*
el the war should so* exhaust both
governments and peoples that, un tor
the strain of it. tliey should give way,
and universal chaos follow; If out of
this chaos should rise new tyrants and
tyrannies; still the need or socialism,
so deeply and patiently Bown In the
human soli, will ultimately bear its]
.promised fruit. The co-operative
World—In which all children shall be
born the equal heirs of social wealth
and freedom and opportunity—-will
certainly come. It docs not matter
under what name lt comes; its coming ls no less a universal necessity.
The world cannot otherwise go on.
No matter bow great the catastrophe
through which mankind is now pass.
Ing, beyond that catastrophe waits tbs
universal communism that Is the only
condition of human sanity and continuity.
Human brotherhood, solidarity of
the people, will perchance become
reality after the present conflict?
Human brotherhood may be a
speedy result of tbe present conflict.
That will depend largely on the con-
f!U '.7; ',:.:t~A.'.j uitS, AatntUiU, h mmiun
a terrible thing to say, but It Is no !<•««
true, th»t the grMt danger to th-t?
working class, to the people Interna-
tional, )!«« In a too early peace being
*tm*ll^t*t*  t.n-91   •?$
"4^«f*■ ■*'
*sf™ig«g* ,        "* **•
*ftnji»   -   -
No   Matter   How Well
You Fool
Your apfwtHe ia bmtitl t« fe*-! Ihe n***\ of *wimethintf *»ac-
«>f|ilioiifilly fnsty nim! gwiil nt tliis -particular acasotL ami
iH'injr careful about thc in eat you fancy i« on important fn.--
Government inspected
1"        ,     9        * *       i .    > * - -       *
..*,*,'n    ...,.,    t.',*.        .;.,..    »«..»..   09,1 , ■**»   Mill   k***W    .*»VC    .«   -tU»Ul*«ktttt||
ytm ehnnlri insist on. Don't think tbat Wattse we give yon
hifh frnnntif mml thnt onr prx*m nr* Mflt.
The 41 Market Co.
oon eluded by the rulers and diplomats. Xow t'hat the catastropne nas
come, for Uie sake of the workers It
should be complete and final. It
should contiuuo until existing govern-
metnu break under the strain of It,
It should continue until the peoples,
looking out over a Europe that has
become a graveyard, looking out over
their weed-grown fields and ruined
homes, and reflecting on their shattered lives, shall resolve to make an
cnJ of mere political government forever; shall resolve to take the ordering of life and labor lato their own
hands, and to put the sane and
brotherly administration of Industry
and society in the place ot political
and military organisation. The existing political und military esUblisl*-
ments aro parasitic In their niture
Tlie political conception ot soc'.oty !s
obsolete. It is really an Impoirture,
existing only through a vast hypnosis.
Through Its existence thc people who
toil receive but a tithe of wbat they
produce. Tbe bulk of their proluct
i* «tif,orhed by the monstrous pollt'cn!
and military parasites. The secret of
all thia tbe people are bound to discover sooner or later. And, as t aald,
the danger of tbe -present catastrophe
, Is; that the rulers and politicians may
j become apprehensive and for their
iteti sell-preservatton, conclude to a
too early peace. It Is not at all Ira-
[io»»r.ilt- thiii. Uir-ttitteiifd with social
revolution front within. Germany and
I Kngland and Russia and France may
j compromise their Issues uirougn secret diplomacy, nnd conclude a peace
that shall be merely a true, leaving
Karat* Industrially and toeially speaking Just * here It was.
What Is the opinion of tbe American
itoctaltftts on the   con-duct   of   tbe
jtienaaa Socialists a tin b»vo supported
an aggressive wsr. a war enforced by
tb* Kalf*r*« pant}*'*
that party ls without excuse, and its
leaders know lt. And English or
American Socialists also know tbat
the conduct ot their so-called German Comrades is inexcusable. They
may try to say that the German Social Democracy will be found true
when the time for the action comes,
Hut the time for action bas come un&
gone, and the Socialist party of Germany has not acted. It has only
proved how destitute lt is of -courage,
of sincerity, of Socialist principle. And
it has proved ita, utter lack of moral
force as well as Its lack- of fidelity to
freedom and to International Socialism. The Social Democratic party of
Germany could hove prevented this
world catastrophe If it bad had tbe
manhood In it to do so. If the 4,000,-
000 men who vote for Socialist candl-
flutes hurt sn decided, nnd thoir loaders
had oo ordered, every wheel In German factories or on Oerman rallraods
would have ceased to turn tho moment Germany declared war, Tbla
would hate Involved Insurrection, and
would have resulted In Socialists bolng
shot, But it Is iho business of So-
deists to be shot when a great crisis
arrives. If there had been enough
men In Germany ready to give their
lives for the cause tbey profess, tbey
could bave changed the fare of tbe
To my mlml, human history ore-
sent* no moral failure more appalling,
more stupendous or enduring In Its
consequences than the miserable
failure of the aerman 8oelal De*
mocrscy in ihis day of its opportunity.
It had, I say, the opportunity to begin n new epoch for mankind,
that may come to pass as a result of
tbe world -catastrophe might hare
been brought about without tlw cntaa-
trepbe-if tbe German Hocialista bad
acted promptly and nobly la Mw bow
.of ',%tU opportunity,    Tbt* wmefwal
the world by thia piece of impjV.jre.
Tbey grasped at the excuse of Czarlsm
as a last resource. It was a fear for
their own skins, and tbe lack of what
their forefathers would have called
backbone.—N. Y. Call.
lianas* of the trriftttirity of tbe | devastation   Is   a  Judgment on tbe
i«»t I ass eot fully informed, by pa-
peri or letters, as to the general st-fls also sn utter condemnation of ma-
Htifc!<» ot Amerfccmt Hiwtaffits toward
the conduct of the Hoelallsfs of (lor*
many, though I fair tbat   many   ot
naaiity of Oerman Hoelallsm.   And It
tert-illsm as a pWforophy of life. The
economic Interprotatton of history Is
tr»i«; but tba adoption  of  material-
.*      ^lt-t»4tl.iJ99,- 9*?       -4,1       9*-*        I*      ^t.9*
ImcM-i i.ni;,' ipMii.'.Ii ilium' * i. • .'.-J', i
and lulclfectua! dlclntefratloa.
H» lb* Anw-rlwi* -HmtfaM-rt-n wmom*
tb# Justification tb* neman Roctallst*
have   offered as nn explanation   of
vtMMtMM, .mmtmrnkt, *t*u*n *m itm
This grand historical film, ln five
parts, will be shown at the above
bouse on Monday, December 8th.
The following ls taken from the
last scene in the battle;
Montcalm, emerging from bis tent,
grows uneasy when he bears the sound
of firing. He learns of tbe state of
affairs. The bugles summon the
French troop to battle and they march
forth to the Plains of Abraham.
Montcalm calls upon Vaudreull, tbe
governor, for assistance, but the cowardly official refuses to render aid.
The French approach within firing
distance of their foe. Wolfe delivers
a stirring address to hii men as the
French approach. The battle •Commences.
Tbe opposing forces come together
with a clash that sends both sleds reeling. Forward tbey spring, slashing
and stabbing like madmen.     Wolfe
U lu lb« -UiUikeel ol (be fray. A shot
strikes bim. He falls, A tremendous shouting arrests hii agony,
"They run! They run!" cries one
of bis aides,
M\Vho ranr grasps Wolfe.
***nie Bneray!"
"Xow Ood be praised,- tbe dying
A1! j man wbispers.   "I dla happy."
At tbt mmw moment, Montcalm, des-
peralely striving to check tbe rout. Is
mortally wounded. The Frencb commander Is carried Ut bit headquarters.
He Is Informed that bis wound Is mor-
ML'   -'■■■'•
-How long shall I live!—iwelre
bmre more or least-tin awei tha bet-
ter. i am happy that f shaft not fire
to ee* she unrrender of Quebec*" be
*i***4 ., -ftW*,.*
I principal r*eeoa tba Impending danger
!< ie«.!#>rthlp antl tiie r««tts of Hcraum
! Social Democracy. I can, tb#r»fer#,
jORiy «n«*k for myself aa aa Ameri-
j ran -Socialist, not knowing how many
'■ fit    fi.i*     tuirt •"*, *■* f     -    -  - - *
| opinions.
j   To saa tbe example of tbe German | of IN Csarlemf
i-kx-laliMls Is one of atter apoetat-j and Tbe presenting of (be danger of
I failure, tkrmaa Social Desnocracr baa esarlsm as a reason for tbe approval
| proved itself a traitor to Socialism, oj of the war en tke part af Oerman
{labor, t« freedom and deanomrr. «adIfbrtalMta M an nftenbontbt. iM tin
jMtonld be outlawed bf tbe u.U'*w»#.| utterly dishonest em at tbat Tba
ftfonal itortalliit mo-rwa—t lute**,'1t**r »ff*».-ir»tm hn* tft-nlty, e* mor*
■■ mn*4 by tb* {wvwnt ooadact of tb*t j i*e do *Jtb iiii aouaimi ot tbe Utrmne
j party,, we may say tbat tfttr* Is ne isoriailsts tbaa tba fear of aa tarasln*
■Honunii!. amwmmit in Gatftaai- TV n j by tba armiee of Mara.   Ana-use tier-*-
Is miy on immmm ptKMt$ •**"? rH it
rtprameoto a eertala **mtbm At a****,
aad natfttng mot*,   tbe eW0ett  ut
swii-di   -it-
pWii^"   it,
•a**,,*, *Yf*n*mut vt ««4i
I, »*ii»a*» Sirrtih, nt Wernt* V»t*r
ami, nf tba City of Pernie, ttCU hereby |
give notice tbat my wife, Kate Smltk,
bating left my tied aad board. 1 will
not ba responsible for My ma „
AttAe teeettm by mr ttm tbls data.
FtvaU, ft. tr . Iw-crmber Art, !*»♦.
ia»a loststtsts pavfectty well know tt,
tbtf ar* tat tn tft# taaat Am*tinm
tb*me*1a*e *b*o tb*r trr to e***tr*
XO   VXST  Tiiree9*roomm
Amtt^tem Hi. Vaitni Aw, Ptmla.
Mra. E.
mmtmttf H*»*, tl OsNaw Are.
WemtA *b c motet tr?
SPECIAL-Saturday Matinee & Evening
British Troops Landing in France
And Scenes Around The Capture of
"Little Matty" meeti DeWolf Hopper and becomes the News Boys Friend
Joker Comedy R0SBS  &  TROUSERS
SPECIAL—Mondiy Dre 7,1 day only
Oreat Canadian Hlatarteal War .Pletars
t* I Rente of Motloa Pfetsroe   A »rn# Metnrtrat t*«i»T*»*(iM1i» nf i***
Hatim on tba Plalne nl Abrabim
Prodnaad Is Canada on tii mitt locations.
mrtlUBf—MwMMmII     Yonr «Mr ebaare of aaetag tba only real
OUMdiaa H-stnre atar prodneed.
WtONISMY and THURtOAV. Dee. Mb ottA ttth,
Man PMMAN in the ftellfckiftf Military Drams
Ptl  4*~
*itW"*"***'»«   I fl'-


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