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The District Ledger Dec 19, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Strength.     '</$
*m1
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
.1
Political Unity Is Victory;;
No. 16, vol. vm.
4
h.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 19,1914
ii
m
Ypres; Hell with( the
Lid off" says Corrigan
Qt  \
AH
!*•',
!->)
It,
Military Hospital,
St. Ives,. England-
;. Sunday morning, Nov. 22, .1.914
.   Dear. FolkB,—
I am not going to write a long letter,
but just want to idt you know that I'm
still alive and kicking. Am I lucky?
Well, I should sure sny, yes! When I
got my wound there were eight of' us
together; -six ot thom were killed outright, and your humble servant and
another chum were hit by pieces ot a
his shrapnel shell.
1 came last week to St. Ives Hospital
and am getting along very wolf indeed.
I hope you are all enjoying yourselves these days and expect tlint you are
having plenty of snow; we had all we
wanted when we were in Belgium.
J^ Well, James, wo have had aome hard
scrapping and don't you forget it, at
the battle on the Aisne and in Flanders, as well as on the Marne, where
we were kept quite busy, but Ypres
crowned the lot, it was Hell with the
lid clean off!
We have lost in killed and wounded
at least 1800, but we know tiie hoys
have not died in vain, as we are winning right along, aud if our losses are
heavy the Germans are a whole lot
bigger.
Honestly, these Germans are a miserable bunch; we don't mind when
they fight fair and square, but 'when
they bayonet the wounded, cut the
hands off young boys aud girls, and
shell all the churches you cannot ex-
/pect that wo nre going to show them
much civility.
As I was telling you. it was iu a big
charge at Ypres where I received my
wound. The Kniser Bent out the pick
of his soldiers, tlio Prussian.Guards,
with ful] instructions to clean us all
up. Our force consisted of the lst
Guards Rrigadu and First Division,
. 1st Camorons, 1st Dlack Watch. 1st
say. this much,, nobody eould be more
kind to us than the people are around
th*se parts. We are taken for motor
rides every afternoon to some of the
big estates in the country,^ where we
have tea and then are taken back
to our nuiirters at 5 p.m. The other
day we dined with Sir George Ask-
wlth's son and the- mayor of St. Ives.
War does some good, at the same time
I hope lt will be a long time- before
we see such another as this one, as it
is no South Africau picnic and I know
I'm not stretching it when I say thero
were more shells fired in the one day
at Ypres than there were In the who'ii
South African campaign.
I was badly wounded, in fact, It was
reported I was dead, but although I
was knocked out, I came back to my
senses alright at night, and crawled
buck to the trenches, then walked
seven miles to have my wound dressed.
Pieces of my coat were sticking ln
my arm, which was broken and all
but {blown off. I went through the
operation at Havre, and had the shrap
nel bits taken out.
.   I am getting along in fine shape.
On the River Aisne I met a chum of
yours, Willie Maben, who lived with
you, Jimmy, at D. Park. He asked
very kindly about you. Poor fellow, I'm
afraid he has either been killed or
wounded, as I have not had a word
about him since we parted, but I will
try to find out and let you know the
result,
I expect to go next month to Norfolk
with the doctor and stay on his estate
until Christmas, then I shall have ten
days' leave and -will see Lizzie before
going to Inverness—then I will drink
a health to you all.
Remember me to all our many
friends and let roe hear how, you all
are.    Don't forget, now, write Finn,
GLADSTONE LOCAL
At a recent meeting held in the
Grand Theatre the employees of the
C. N. P. Coal Co. decided that it waa
inadvisable to appoint anyone* on-the]
Inspection Committee. The consensus of opinion was that in consequence
of dependence upon the company for
a livelihood, the individuals selected
necessarily hesitated to make fully
detailed reports of the results of their
inspection, hence a committee ot inspection to be perfectly qualified ought
tp be composed of competent persons
not dependent upon the company for
their remuneration was the only solution that would be satisfactory to those
immediately concerned.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
There will be n special meeting on
Suiiday night nt 8 p.m. to consider
what actton the party shall take with
regards to the forthcoming municipal
election. . -All comrades are requested
to be present.'
LOYAL ORDER  OF  MOOSE
All members of the above order
should be on hand Monday next at the
K. P. Hall at 7.30, when Important business will be transacted. After the
business a social evening will be
spent by the members.
Scots Guards, lst Coldstream Guards,
If there was any cleaning up done lt
was the boys of tlio heather and the
blue bell that did It. We charged
with fixed bayonets .md nine hundred
nf the cream of the Kaiser's fighting
men ate now filling unmarked graves
APPALLING COAL MINE DISASTER
TOKifO, December 15.—-An explosion occurred today in a coal mine at
Tukuoka as a result of which 800 laborers are imprisoned in the workings
of the mine. Fukuoka is on the sea-
coast, G5 miles to the north of Nagasaki.
If Japan keeps up this rate she will
soon beat the records of British Col-
! uiubia. i Only two weks ago 437 were
killed tit Hakkaido.
FERNIE ITEMS
F.  h,' Smith, route agent for the
Dominion  Express   Company,   spent
Thursday in town.
W. A. Wilmot. Porrincial Inspector
of Pre-emptions, has been -spending the
past week in the city,
A. Sutherland, Provincial Boiler Inspector, on Wednesday and Thursday,
held examinations for second, I bird
and fourth class papers in the conn
house.
A sale of home cooking will bo held
Jn tho School room of the Olethodist
Church on Saturday, December 19th,
1914, Tea will bo served from three
to six.
Knox Church Sunday school will
hold the annual Christmas entertainment and tree on Tuesday evening,
December'22. Santa Claus will be on
the job as usual and a good time is assured.
A CONUNDRUM
TffMEg COP.P.ig*^ --- '*r^' ptl* a five ln ^s siead an/Lnai'll
, '* ™      ~""„ TT5*".*1"   I have a bird that lives on the dead.
1st Cameron Highlanders
St. Ives, Hunts.
(James Corrigan was one of the first
reservists to go to the front from
Fernie, and immediately upon arrival
went to the front.   Jimmy's descrlp-
in.
In and nround Ypres, whilst 250 more I tlye abilities are very powerful, and
are pr!goners ot war." We lost three very iniich toHlie" point, although haw
hundred of our fellows that dny, and I he was able to arrive :it his unique
among tliis number were IS ofl'lms.
Hut though the victory waH dearly
■bought tlw t'oud old Cameron Highlanders kopt up thoir reputation^ As
for thn way we nre treated hero. I ran I
analogy wo do not liko to venture n
guess. Possibly the fiiet that he has
worked In the miue tor somo years tfiay
in tunic muasurp be responsible for
s;i. li power* ol' dencrijiilon.
C U L T 11 R E—Ta'te off a huti-
Germans In Sunderland Arrested
JOHN D. JR., HAD A PLAN
FOR PEACE
H13NVBK. Col., Dec. 15— A plan qt
John I). Rockefeller, Jr., for a conciliation board within the Colorado Fuel
and Iron Company for -the settlement
of disputes between the company aud
its employees was revealed before the
federal commission on'industrial relations today. J. F. Welborn, president
of the Colorado Fuel and Iron company, recalled as a witness in the
miners' strike investigation, read a
letter from Mr. Rockefeller indorsing
a suggestion by W. 1.. McKenzie King,
former secretary of labor for Canada,
outlining the scheme for tlie propose!
mediation board.
The plan provided for the appointment of one or more boards, on which
th3 officers of the company 'ind the
employes should bc represented.
A miner who had a grievance
against a pit .boss, for example, could
take an appeal directly to the mediation board
'•This feature will probably 'not appeal to pit bosses and managers who
way desire absolute authority," commented Mr. King in his letter -outlining the plan.
The letter of Mr. Rockefeller, indorsing the King proposal was *'rit-
ten August 11, I til 4; and addras.wd to
Mr. Welborn,
"For some months," Mr. Rockefeller
wrote,  "we  have  been  talking  with
different ones who are familiar with
tho subject, about some simiple  ma-
John  Parry   was sentenced  to  six j chlnery which would insure quick and
months    by    Stipendiary    Magistrate I <?as>' access on the part of the om-
R. J.  MALONEY  SENT  FOR  TRIAL
It. J. Maloney was committed for
trial on Wednesday by Police (Magistrate Whimster on the charge of having converted to his own use the sum
ot $533.51 belonging to the Great North
em Railway while acting as agent for
that company at Ferule.
S. Herchmer defended, and A. Mac-
Neil prosecuted.
About the Colorado
*
Strike Situation
Owing to the many mistaken ideas sion that during the life ofthe truce-
Stalker for an infringement of the act
respecting the sale of spirituous liquors. Accused was found to have in
bis posesssion eleven kegs of beer and
could not satisfactorily explain that
this amount was not far In excess of
the quantity for his own personal consumption.
Germams Raid
t»
Coalhurst Sec. Writes
Some Plain Truths
LONDON, Dec. 17.—All naturalized
Germans In the spaport of Sunderland,
a short distance north of the English
coast,-ttnv»8i -Whl-eh .were • twmbftwted"}
by the Germans yesterday, were arrested overnight, according to a dis
patch published 1>\ thn Exchange Tele*
graph company.
ployes of the fuel corflpany to the officers of the company with reference
to any grievances, real or assumed, or
with reference to wages or conditions
of employment, feeling that ihe officers of the company might think
that tbe introduction of some simple
mechanism of this kind would tend
! to promote kindly feeling between
the employes and the officers, as well
as be a further evidence to the public
of the entirely fair and just attitude
of the officers toward their men"
Judge Hen 11, Llndsey of the Den-
prevalent with reference to the recent
commission appointed by President
Wilson iif connection wilh thc Colorado strike, a brief explanation would
eluciuate matters and prove interest-
ing.
.Many workers are undei the impression that said commission, composed
of Seth Low. chairman, .New York, Tilr.
Mills, representing operators, and P.
(lilday, miners' representative, aro
merely another Investigation committee to probe general conditions In
Colorado. A careful perusal of the
following quotations taken from the
1 nice as proposed by President Wilson, will, no dpubt, explain the position and duties of the committee:
"S. Each mine to havo a grievance
committee to be selected by majority
ballot at a meeting called for the purpose in wliich nil employes (except officials of' the company) have a right
10 participate.
Members of said Committee must be
employed at least six months at Mie
Individual mine before being eligible.
"Married mpn to be in the majority
on each committee.
"Grievances to be first taken up
individually with the proper officer of
the company. Failing adjustment,
tliey can refer to their local grievance
committee for further consideration
with the mine officials, still failing j
agreement, the nintter shall be submitted to a committee composed ot three
men to be appointed by the President
of Ibe United.Stales and which shall
be representative of oach side, with
tin: third member to act as umpire,
whenever necessary. This commission shall during the three yews'
iiuee. serve as adjusters or referees
iu all disputes (whether individual or
collective]   affecting  wages,   working
'.... During suidUxuce the decision or the commission in cases submitted shall be final and binding op employers and employes.
"There 6hall be no suspension of
work pending the investigation and
reaching a decision of any dispute.-
"The suspension of a mine over Hix
consecutive days by the company may
be authorized for a cause satisfactory
to the commission, but not pending
any dispute.
"Wilful violations of any of these
conditions will be subject to such'penalty as amy Imi imposed by tho com.
mission. .
"On account of (he mutual benefits
derived from the truce, employers and
employes shall each pay one-half of
the expense of the commission.   »
The reader will, therefore, note by
lhe foregoing quotations that this recent commission is merely part of the
plan proposed in President Wilson's
truce to the operators and -.miners.
The President 'was recently, interviewed by our International resident
officials, together with International
Hoard .Member Uiwson, of Colorado,
and  Secretary  of Labor Wilson.
The American Fedeiation of Labor
Convention also went on record very
emphatically in connection with the
Colorado trouble.
The outcome of this and other negotiations has been that President WIJ-
?on hns a pit in addressed the Colorado
operators, appealing on behalf of the
American people, that they accept his
plan, pointing out at the came time
the personnel of the commission suggested in the truce. Thus showing he
wished his truce to go into effect..
With this brief explanation our readers will more thoroughly understand
tho situation.
<&lM
'•''Jot
%4l
Jb
yp*}
IM
V
Ki'ltow Worker • 1 am tikliig this op-
portmlry tu nil* vl you this question:
Will )on jnln our union? You :ire an
outride noi'J;i-r, mid I nidi you this
oilier qufttUou:*   Vou are a mine-work*.
Tln> problem Is n hl» o':" wilh the
united if forts of uur uu nilivrs; what
would R bo io joti?
It' yeur j-j'i is one tlmt wnilu be stop-
pmi by-the-company, if the mine wn*
HELPING THE SOLDIERS
Mrs lleri.'hniur---l scarf.
■Mrs. I-iUK • -I pair wrHth-ts.
Mr*. Rogers—I cap.
Hutii DIckMi -1  pr wristlets.
Emellne Krfnury—1   pair wristleta.
Mrs.   Kcfnury- J   pilr   ivrlstli'i".  -
belts.
■Mrs. Mills--I pair socka.
74 killed  147
Wounded
National   Guard   for   Local   Defense
Formed In London—Allies Drive
Wedge* into Teuton Linns
In Flanders
—_,—
hOMDOW Dec. 1".-Tlu> German
mlil 011 the cist court of Kngland Iini
I'ud t!i<> effect of fitlmuliitliig recruit-
U'.y, In tin; Ilritlsh JbIcs.    The Increase
'*»*
II
*r, It matters not If yon are a carp-en*j Idle on.account of a strlko, wouttHbe
ter, lilai'UsinSth, curoiior, engineer, or i company pay you anythlujr far not
a statc-*iik.k<:r, .vou aro »ill! a mine j win king? How would you ami your
workor. nml I ask .yon to join the Mine family Uvo? If you were nsk« d to t'ike
Workers' Union, j Hip phao of a roan who was on strlko
Titer** 'nr* many reasons why yoajjon wonM not dm It, but hor-v arc }W\
Mhaulst Join the tin Win, »nti I will try to; m> eslut mi->r such ■plmiHutanci's?
point out a tow ot iluun for your ton-     Do you bolong to another trado un
Klilcrallon: j Jon?    If no th<m why nol transfer Into |
t.   Tm* constitution of the Unttnttj this union where your  occupation l»?
Iflnfl Workfrs of Am^rtcn ftt<ind<i fnr* it vin rr«r run tvi'Mi"* tf tci '"vv^ 1
the protection of till who nre employ- j ^hnl jmtil up; why not do It?
■wt In or .i>bi>iil the miow on tha Am-1    If you are not a'member am! wish
trJwn rontlnont. ! to Join tho Initiation tee 1$ $5,00. This
1   tbe inrren-w of nngm, lo lm-1 pays the firitt month'* diien. and If yon
proitt tli« lonrtlttons of -employment of, Aen'r* may he tsken off in two j»»v-
A Friend of Tommy's--! pair socks, j!,, i:,« mimncr or men Joining tlio co]
Miss llnlm!---1 pair wristlet*.
Mr*. Schoop—Jl pair socks.
Mm.   Mi'Kermle-t   lull.
\II;.h Corric—t puir wristleis.
Mnry ■t»r.\Ron-~1' pair wristlets,
A Prkiid—3 pair wristlets. ,
Airs. Hamsay*—■ 1 pair socks.
TCT^uvOTric^oirrrtestinM'tMTTieliail"
; been sent hy the pence association of
j Colorado to explain the strike situation to President Wilson and the east
generally. He detailed his visit to the
prosident and told of his efforts to obtain au interview with John D. Rockefeller.
Jtidgb l.liidsof I'M lilfXvjis't'TBtt^i^l
an uu na med man who saUl he came
from John 1). Rockefeller, sr.     This
1 mnn, the wltm-ss said, told him thit
: ".lolni  was surrounded by ft group of
I rTit'ien.arl',f who wouV' ji'^t :>llo'.v ht:'.i
0 receive T.lndscy."- -Spnkesin'ui  II-1-
view,
<\Y" p'lhllf'.i thi' a'luvn w'tl'/'iiT miv
f'ii"hi»r comment than thnt ii Is only
AKTKlt s.rlkes have heen w.-n or lost
flint wo i'.e.ir what the o-fli**-* nUb* In-
t"iu!"'l to do, It would be Interesting to know whether the niiiier-i or
their offltl'ils were ever ai'iiialiit"!
•viih the ernti-rts of Rockefeller's !(•'•
kt, or whether the manage" Jn?*, put
■'i'"**i
■sly ft*!
•>%f-
>BI
A-e@it¥vnttqri~ot~ttiFT;oToraao miners"
ami social conditions." J w;ts convened Monday, December 7th,
"C.   It is understood as a condition j to again take up matters in, connection
of tlie creation of this said commix-] with the Oolorado trouble.
Fatal Accident at
Bellevue Alberta
iHS*j$|
It   111   ll''-   IKHkt't   .lllll   foi'ftOi
I
'*«>:
it
ment*. Thn regulttr dues aro $1.
per month, liut *t pre* at t'tera Is an j
Internationa! aeie*»ni*> n' «f f»<*e. on
niskinc It *t,"5. Th« otseMtnent 1*
for strike purpose* mr! may bo ,1ts-
coatlnoe any time now. I swk ;*.-«,
fullow Worker, to consider theso M .i.r* «
quite a number of out»l.l« men nr<* in
all otir members, reprdloi* of cr««d»
eolor or nationality, hy legislation,
-MftctlUttion, Joint aRwtmentt, or strikes, To t>rotl>l« for tho education of
nur rhltdnn \*y lawfully prohlhUlnic
th*ir employment until thej hsv« nt
loftit resflied the 3Re of a!xt*«m >i?ars
•f age. Tn comrn by legislative en*
a«Ui*nt laws prot*rtlng th* limbs, ith« union already, bnt do not g*t tli* (•*»**•
Mrs. Spalding—2 belts, I cap."
iMlss Alhn-1 belt.
Mi"*» -McDonald—1 puir wristlets.
T?-e \lnitni IVrnM Chspler I. O. R.
K„ (.'i-rttetully ."iili'm-.v!;':;'';;*' the follow-
ln-jr donations to the Hed Crosii So-
< lety from the followlnpr Indies at t'latn.
way:
Mr*   tiVfi"-   (  I'hrttt***'* Tt..*'a
.Minn Melkfe, HnrllnRhnm Kstalo—j
3 holmcts, t pair wristlet*, $:*M for
yarn,
Mr«. Ab'wtt. lk-llevno Ranch- 1 halt,:
A pilr »rt*ttet*. \
Mrs Roberts, Itlvorslde llaneh—8 pr.
wrl*t!rli>.
Mim   Calheart-Heott. Hurllnthnm--
I pslr wtrtntinit.
Mm, H*»n—1-jMlr wrlMle'n.
•Miss JUscMil. st Ikillevii* Usnuh—
1 pair soeks.
Mrs, JoJinwjn. lliirllnslmw   1  mir
t,:-.i -.u.f.li,  in  itliibuteil til most nolely
10 this causo.
'iU,' i.tiii Js still being discussed
widely. Other rmilis from It are
pivpariiUons ut count points for the
protection «'f the elvllia-i population
hi cubij of further Geruuut attacks,
ai.it' tin* oi'g.inlzutloii in Ivoudon of a
tiiitlciuil Kiiird for local defence,
In the wi'stern arena of the war,
especially In Plant! t», the roles of
the contending a rin les would appear
t-A.vj t«i Liliu been revwtseil I'liiSrely.
Drive Wedges Into German Lines
All the recent officii!) stntwnent* I
Insiu-d hy luith tin* iiIIIph and the <ler-|
nemu i« i'*r to the nl!l*d offensive from I
YpiiH 10 the sen, Consequently the]
MertirMw. are on  th^ defensive,     \\
Hrltiiili Miiiadrnn still Is »tand!n« off] "     '      "'     ""
the .Miam «ml ha-» sld#d the ntfatk  '»' Imrmn *i.ilem«iit today, w««r*» ".,'„
In the vicinity of Nlenport, bnt no., iwrsow W»e«! nml nt, wotituled.
where has nurked proRrwn been not-      0»rm«n Rnldtrs Aidsd by Spies
ed.     It may be Mid, however, tlmt!    I-<»NIW.\\ |)». 1:   A-eor.!ln« io iho
Uelhu'iic '.v.iti iipniii the **tt".ti> nf :i
I.i.jil ;;(ciiiuiii Minrll (Kiciin'cil :i"uni
1 ii.iii. Kiitiird'iy morn Ini*,'. 'Hie nnfor-
tui.uti* wa 11 was    un    ItiUiiin. iiiimcil
R.'iilw.iv Coiitp'iry, Lc!'bridge.
I     Tl'*  Hrvtll  ptoro   (\*   V   Sti'»''ih' I
'!n<. nude » !i!« rut nn nil Chrl'tm 1
I'jonks, toys and gift!-, nndAA*r, in the
! dollar will be returned to eti»ry pur-
j i*hnsed of these iroods to the value of
AIM nnd up.     Thn offer lasts from
M**; it tin! ••<.', IW-f'mVr t^th, tin*!! ClirH*
j waft Even.    The store l« r"plet* w'th
the dsintles nnd mo»t useful ptft« for
Chrlstmtistlde  and  n  visit   will  help
msiny to decide the very  perplexing
<ine*ticn tt "tTH»  ;vi**iAA,  th*y !ifcc?"j
Keonomy Um n'lso  hr-fii  o'ls-ervi-i!  In)
,'u*   ft*   iiHMh-M   |Hif«.« iii   wiiit'ti  ,ir-i
Kf'lco -ire murlrei*.  wM(-' :lir ?"»  p.-rj
"*«'*'!'*'*!-"• t !,r!::-, ■ i\.> ,n'.**. uf »•*"*i> ]
nrtlcln.well  w!)Mn thur  ebsiri'.id
th" entolOKiie houses.
il.i >i'< (Ut'.itJl-i'ii liir .iif Oi lliri r>Oit,
Willie I.O'.:;.>i. .n:d ll'.d thcrc'iv indue-
• '(I tin: !n.iii.i-:iT of I he ''n:i:idl;tll Pacl-
rr.ink (Jre^ii*:;!, who follcm-ed tin* oc* i-fIf% Hnilw.'ij fompaniV miii** at f.etli-
iiilialioti of a hrJilytiiiui on a i"i)iii|,i'es.s-i'"•i'--"- "» v^'' «'»' "*'<ld Wllllo Lou«11
cd nlr nioior, drlvi-ji by Arnold N'litlf.v.'« n-plo? im. it :it .*'ii:'.!t No. 1!. of Mine
it .ti.jM'irs that the motor wii^ riiiiiiiiir;: >;'>. ", osii-i if.'d b\ fie ll ■rirtmeni of
lliiht un «'i I'liriln;,- wiu-ii die d'-wai'i'il', N'-t.'ui'.i! Itcriuiin-i-s, C.i.inJliii I'aeifSc
t!i(ii|*;ir   he   hi nr 1   f.-ini'.    otu-    sllfinf,
.. ilil'li   D.'    .la'.i'l.lll  ll'lll   ll)  ll -111  (111! W.Illl,
ainl in *o ileum; his hni,| ctinc lu contact with a post.
Tho doctor win titiiticd!;\t<-ly sunt-
miined aiid upuii .irrivtil piMiioaine 1
. in I'siiiiri. jn i,n- opinion tit tlm Lit
(• r, di'H'ii >i'ii ifiii'.'t iiaw in'ii killi-I
instnutly, the iiknll belli» vt ry fmill.it
rmciureiJ."
fined
lu
I.ii«an  was foiiii'l jiuihv  and
tie Hum of $ I n.oo und tosts.
I'riiceeilU'-i-n   <n-*i||]*<i 1   >,y   f"|)'i.f
.*•!«! '.or of  MllU*;l.
A* l.fili!ir:d,.,e, on th» "'A, inst,, bo-
i»ii* li.s;i''i lur Liiiil-.n, at tho n.N.W,
.M,  l».  l!;trr:ii '„■*, Sirvc  I.vwIcU!     was
i-haw-d   With   Jn'ilH-j Uuilty  of ^ coil»
traveniion of fecllon 1!.'! of the .Mines
Corpornil .Mead'.* imiitf.-di:iM.:l} enman-1 A«-t, Ihmiiuk'Ii ii;i i.i* hnd fattod to *>%*
iHilled the followlnn Jury to risiiu-ivi'liifttiixh 'he flame of his lately Samti.
iiitti tins i-:tiise oi (iciitli; Clem Slublis,|»'  *pHe of the i:.iv\ that ho kWiw It
c:»u4lUon.      IU*
V,\  bi:Hw , Kiiilty
rJk
Wm.
tO    I'!'
n a
".'tiVC
Jiu-'k Ollpiiant, Janus   i
I'ote, *lani«3 I'alhm and S, T, UiiiuUU:., "A ''5 -*^!* eh;ir;.;nl w
Aflit* vi«:wln<i tlm Uoijy t)n* itinulry witsp'!' ;< «'oiitmi'ention of
H'ljoiirii.tl mill) Thursday, 1 Tt It. nt < I V'"'* *^, u-usinn. 1t
p.m. MUmed to uV,t,-ti ihe *
.%., i„ rtttt,,," *,-      **  * .,**. ' .' .,       * ■' i*.i   '< '■   *■   '•   '*
Local fit convened ta nuke pn-i»*'ini«j R"'s'» ""'• same.
'sH'iion «»of tho
;ib he hsd con-
u'l! iifety lump
• ton for t'.ie lmrini <-*( nitr uvfo<,Uin'i'«*l Vtu* ;>< -
brother, Afier eorr*ultlni.« the wlit||(»*s;1,"-Ht rb.t-k
o( the tohulve:*. 1; was decided to bnty! i-*'*W *>-■ •
I 'Vi-e,<-**e<| Sumfai' it Htairmori*. < j.rist.v'■■••ft!
j    A fine. «-!e;tr, t-rhn <k«>  fmvnn'd int-vf »!■•' i*<»»;'
'for lhe Interment und a toivje |K:rt*«-ni ' UH ' :<1 f'fK
age of tbo membemhlp turneil out tn^'hiis-i'd tin
pa)' ihelr fs-M rt'«|»e»'l».     The nir*'>-v,'
!eft the Worker-*' Hull   ;it    ;• 1..   if..:
j ott nrrii'iil nt the errnel-nry wai* »««•» te
he Uev,  Ihal'iu.  who Iteifnitio 1 tie
,1
'«,    illlll
fiuiiiil   mtn*   1***
n»-d <he Mam of
eosis. nml two months lm-
of, tn i!*'f.mt' nt piyniK'tt'
four nioiiiiis i.'iijirfnonment,
• 1 it-I»■«!•.     on the ittfond
n«-t'U*«'<.l *,i* si'ttt^necut to
tbe attempt or the allies to paste t!« j Morning Post, Mit!d;<*ti»otoiiKh tortr*-
n-frmnns ont of Hel*»nm tins definite | i,rt',rt"". ^ "frniati venwls In tUt-J
Iy Wftui! ntiit the r.'.**iiJi# »o f:ir re-i'''-'^' f**"1 n«»nhi*r»d <-!», but it could j i-'i*t riles ol hi** <-hm,-:,, alter whu.'h
«ord#«l In Flanders   hut*   converted >«t >»« *«*" whether tin fire from thn j President Hurwtek re«it(,i »»,«, i„H»t
l',tti. mi %i-*lOi u* mmt me.m'imt-*, *>*■
tr
Ubl!sh!n* mt rtgtst to organise, pro*
blMtlnt the use of dtc#!»tf«nta seenn* |
mrihe-J'res-kers,   prerentlrg  the   ew.
pMfiueitt ot pJivjttely armed guards
dwing tnhnr rflspntivw,   To secure eiiti!'nn> nH In tlie uiiloii yon can
table statotftrr old nee pensions snd
!«•«!<*■ tt*l *aiiutii tor llie stmpi-» re»
;:!
-1 pslrj
son tti4t 100 shootd MI, be tn. Msy
be yon have no nrlevsnc*, thst's sll
♦he bel»i»r, but how n!>out when |*on
du Si'.ivt) one.    You know Utttt tt yon
heltsr
Ute, TlKttntison. Hurltnmisn*
socks.
Also SO imlr eoelis the fitotwe'l* trow
whlst tiit* gtren by Mrs. Lynn, unit
II boxes uf dK-artttU**. Twenty-five
pnrfcage*  of tnbiieeo  proentoil/n  fnnn
«.*'#4.MMd*|.*t ■*      9.-t.9*Ulit*t.9.*9l.i*it*t
TiTlit:
' V.'tln.y Jl.i.! ,1.i
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rot* \bt ttpmUltMxom U*s «l)Uh nm jtfce tbwbiitt torn n»4 tmt to to S* j*'«B«*|W*«t» m* **■ Victetl*.
ttfljwrt, *te~. ete I toml toewnory: tttmi the w««H«f ot
Vttkm Worttet*, to tbtrn dwsrttoBttthe toml nn* get l»lliet*sd. -Mite one
»ff«et ytmt 'mere Mrnnr* tn thf mtfrests of the
tbn <'!*r<>-*'>-^ y»* «p,*3.. a %a',t.h oi urn**
rbmstf-tieht pesH'of* rsttirr than a
strslRlit front. At nranf points silled
wedge* have betn tritrn tn,
tlnn*1e r?if-ms fo hive eficeke! for
the moment fhe mnrement of the A«s-
ir'ans nero** the C«rt»>rttittM.
■ Httt.1.1   *'.„:,, ,t,,;   „;   *.«**^«,..«#
!k.*.*tt?'.«* h**4
tit it ^
t'ifm,     V:* fyrrcspond
tt* th* Oerman icssols *>e,imed g*ay
s rt»nnln« ft*ht wss kept o<* f«r wn»
Mme
ff )« believed that behind them Hie
Herman *r»«|iM»ri tt*r«**H min**,     A
ueiWet*   Hi, I **■!* >«'«  wl   th'*    t:.   M.   -KV.  Ot   A*.
ail'U tl.utt     -Mr.   W.   I»ii..*«.   tite  nmlvri'itit-t,
f'olentitn, enrHnt cut thrt (riieruoi,*
b\* OMll«ll  t'te»'l|!   -U,*J   d*»""'»! •>'!      »!>t!:V
fill'   ftlljili   VH'    Al:iil   U»   l!i,ll(l.   Iti»l»
in
' -**.****.**.
"1
pROitcuTioNt mom the
9*^ut.n*^  wAc   Mlftfctk  ACf
sow* oT tho eowJltlons that bow eilst.!«">« nny, whlrh wero sent through
,*mt*D .vutiu-m* em wettem mi"** ********* *«<e«<ui«* oi»*rt to niem-, ,,%,,, ,.ir,.,„r,u„   ■■.,.,,     •   .    .,
>9j..< .:,.*&*■.. nti* w*.   *^\i['A.^l:i}?&K'..K>* -W Vm****)    tMStntS. !***   1T-*-Th« e«malt|e«]*A»n« m**.*,^ >'f..ierd»y.'   Ut    u- !    ,u'r<r?"  Martin,  of l^tlitJidgi-.   *-»
at llnrtlepool, as n tennll of ths fler*|siiattd msrh of their nomal nmmr-}******* ■«■ »•* "   *   ^   «   »*  »»-*r
ii*o «) .nth* :*nntfl«>j;,Hi'iit witli ba*r*l
I.i nor, li.e 'ien'» nr*'.'- to run rout or
rentlj
IVm ' flitiin  »<"*<<   iiot'iloleil  Uy  Ml
.li-ku 'l' Stiriin*. I'Hh-i isnpertor of
Mine-
miner, working- At N'o*
fM-,    iin»-'"H'>* »    "ty    l'li"
■JVH-M'*.**,   |*t I*.   *»'«**
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.   Oil    IV ■I'M IH»f     t,    *<<.'
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MtTMOOltT CHUKCH, PtbHlt
mnn natal r«W, seeonlins to an off«e.ja»i» lo4ar.
[rack* on the Ith Inst, wiih beinn gttfl* I %MI%.
-*....«**j, w*** iMt -•** i
x.etm, m«i
*,»**<,.% *.*-.» *'***+.„+■***.ev»»i*tMfc.. ■*m**.-'*'***mn'  mmmmj*-**.*
IIAH. •ecretsrr Lo<nl.llW. V. M. W. I t^tnm mtm*"; IM. Wbl* Oats snd j
of A. (Uaailar aehool; IM, ^Th* Chrtfmisj
*^-.- » .,-, ,  . 1 Miracle."    Oo Uondajr oteoing at IM
ftMOX CMUIICH, rtRNIt ffee. Aleg. rooter Wftf give an »4itont
^       *—^- at   tke   LMgie.   Thnra44f   e»enisg
beniny, Om. H.^11 a.««^ "^norylfftnytrmeeHnttntf.H
^ ^^.w.«_.-,. ,to ,1<*J kn *• ***«*.•*"» ",M' "n*\   *»h«t b»mo tmbtog tommy it*,
ir m, wby Am% im to M a f«»*l*"*^L^rT:^ !l^^*.**: ^lmm u *3mi m ««««•*. tm auk,
nbnbl rowyaowithw:     tt   yon
asaf ho «rofM»g ootaMo that mino yoo
on MvtrtlelMMi twtnmi -bf om agree*
asaotaf    Tow ooawer mny lo "Tta.
vo hoe* to oor aotmo!"   Bot »alt,<
Me**; If four wage oealo la tot •• It
wppviv w^* «m iii ffwiF  »■■•' Wf
»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦
***M* COAL CRttK tMCILSIOH  BANO CONCtRT. SUNDAY
OfCIMttfl 10th.
for arrvMl to too tooday nelmol ehrt-
t«**, feltosre< If «M«v*tgl«aac«t. a* I
Chrfataaa tra**. Tkumlajr, lis pias,.
1*
tmb tm a«'M*o» UM
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Oaa rtm robltm mtmt ft «waM mooo to
T«o to mrn gftmnn it ftft * ttme?
■fooalatlog of elereo Mmlers,
lo wont* iMuiiog.
it win
Marth .. .,.
ftirrei? Pbrititlt
tlmt ...........
•TViiAAff it* $ e-jf-j
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♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
bl***m K..*i,Xtaai  et
tt llat«t
r s'.i».er
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tee
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... -   *■ *     *, ,..9.9 ,
falM to report lh*- tnti ih*» * safe-:
♦ . I> lamp, being ase»l andi'r bm obter-;
♦ vstttm In the min* opeiMed by the
♦ CAM4i«n  Coal  and  <'ohe  4'otM|Min>,
♦ l.l«t.v a! CoiJlinrst, *'a* In a defw-Jtte
♦ <on<titu.i>
♦ 1    llie aieusi-d sa* tuuml u****'-** *****
♦ |fl!:<*t th*- vtim ef ttnne unit cn*n t.t
■#tth<r't' tl**.*' trnfuisfttitn^TiV
♦ j   Th" flee was pa»4.
♦ !    PrtoUM'iliti*** n-t-r* 3»i*J;l«if4 by Mr*
♦ !,lf*t*w  T   Htlrtmg, Chief fn*pet"tar of
♦ , Mints.
4>|   »n He saoif 4a»" ani at Kaaw tilnr**,.
Mso  Sertinti   fi*.   Stub-ftr-tltou   *!,   hi
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r tjnrae wt* rhtffrl «l|h brio? gal!
it of a eeannreiioe ef Hretlnn * ofjfhsf be fafteif to eonenrt '.tie »Het*fl»
the Mini' Act, l:u#uj!itli *• tw ka4|teg *«M«- Mi Ihe tlMM hto»«*K  *
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PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 19^1914
RUSSIAN  SOCIALISTS
AND THE WAR
By S.
Daliu, a Russian Socialist
Journalist
Kvery one knows the attitude towards the war of the German, .French,
ltelgian and Austian Socialists. * Every
one has heard of the difficult questions which the Labor* and Socialist
parties of Kurope have hail to face.
Rut very few know what the Russian
Socialists have done and are still doing and what tactics they arc pursuing.
Russfa's Last War
The situation in which Russian Socialists are placed is not a simple one.
When the Russo-Japanese -war broke
out it was far easier for the Socialist
parties to sive a clear load than it i.s
now. That war was fought out in the
remotest parts of Siberia, and the
eausc of the war could not he appreciated by the people. Kven in the early
stiiRes of that war no patriotic feeling, no warlike enthusiasm was no-
ticeable, and every day it became less tions.
of tlie people is as changed as the capacity of the army is improved. A
successful war with Germany, and
Austria .would open great fields of on-
te'rpriso in southeastern Kurope for
Russian capitalists and would
strengthen Russia's position in Asia.
Therefore the government's war policy has met with iio opposition from j
t-iic wealthy classes.
The Socialists' Position
On the other hand, the position of
tin* Socialists has changed too. Whilst
in the Japanese war no invasion of
Russia by hostile, forces rand no annexation of Itiihsiiin provinces was
possible, sucih is not the case ln a
Kiiropean war. The defeat of Russia
ttould mean the subjugation to Germany ami Austria, not only of Polish
provinces, hut also of Russian territory, a subjugation with all the horrors of national suppression, liy such
;iu outcome of the war the Socialist
movement would suffer in three dlrec-
h'irst, by the prohibition, or
The question is thus a most complicated one; but do not let it' be supposed the Russian Socialists have put
aside their opposition to the war and
io their government. They know very
well what Russia's victory over Europe would jnean, and they • them
'selves suffer too much from Russian
despotism to hell) tlieir rulers to ex-
popular. Not only was there no sympathy with the war among the sup-
resse-d people and the revolutionists,
even among the wealthy classes ther£
was indifference, whilst the hour-
genise did not entertain any hopes of
economic gain by a victory over .lapan
ami had. therefore, no heart in the
war. Resides, only a partial mobilization was carried out. then and only a
small part of the nation stood under
arms on thu •bitttl&field.
Things have changed considerably
since then. There is no better critic
of military organi/.atkm than actual
warfare, and the severe criticism of
the Japanese war forced Russia to renew nnd improve the condition oi her
army. There are still many defects,
of course, but there can be no doubt
that the whole condition of the Russian military forces is higher and better now than during the Japanese war
and the revolution.
The course of ii war is determined
by two factors—first, the military capacity of a nation; and second, the
degree of enthusiasm which animates
the nation.   In this war the attitude
part prohibition, of the use of native
languages. Second, by the activities
of the Chauvinist movement of the
victorious empires. Third, ■ by the
strong nationalist movement which
would develop in the unnexed terti-
'orie.-i. Xowhere la* Aw struggle or
the German Socialists been so difficult
ns in the Polifeh provinces of Prussia
and in Alsace-Lorraine.
Rearing these facts in mind, the
Russian Socialists, whilst opposed to
the, war, cannot demand the conclusion of peace at any price. They were
ready to employ all means to stop the
war with Japan, and they did employ
the strongest means that were at their
disposal. -But they cannot adopt that
attitude now, at least not as things
stand at the moment. Everything
that weakens Russia's military state
strengthens Germany's and Austria's,
and unless internal political changes
take place in Germany and Austria
which guarantee Russia from any annexation of her territory, the Russian
Socialists cannot employ tactics to
compel their government to stop the
war Immediately.
j:efiil their power over three-quarters
of Europe, it would be a great service to democracy to destroy German
militarism, but who can say which is
worse-the German militarism of the
past, or the Russian militarism of the
future? U is true that a Russian victory means victory for Franco .md
ilrllniii. Uul this is not an adviunte
reason for Socialists to ruin Germany
and suppress her people.
The Russian government has done
nothing to destroy our natural fears
as to the future. Alt the reports nbout
liberal reforms und thc extension of
liberties are pure humbug, and The
fall Is .rendering a great service to the
International movement by revealing
thi< state of things iu Russia us they
nally arc. As a matter of fact, the
Russian government feels itself io be
ns strongly entrenched as ever; the
most civilized and powerful powers of
Kiiropo are looking to Russia as their
helper and -.weighty superior. They
need her favor, her soldiers, her vie-
tcrles, and this new prestige encourages the ruling groups to strengthen
their reactionary policy. While the
militarists government o{ Germany has
heen compelled to make" concessions
lo tlie democracy, uo such concessions
have been made In Russia. There has
hcijn no suggestion of them.
Reply to Vandcrvelde's Appeal
fonirade Emile Vandervelde has
in!dressed a letter to the Russian Socialists in which lie .discusses the international situation and gives some
hints of the tactics he considers right:
"A defeat, not of Germany, but of
Prussian Junkerdom, Is a question of
lile and death. ... If Belgium
should be destroyed, France and England defeated, the German militarism
prove triumphant, that would erect a
big and lasting hindrance to the progress of humanity and. to the development of the free life of nations. .Tlie
democrats, republicans and Socialists
of Belgium,,France and England have
resolved to prevenf such a disaster by
all ■ their power  The democratically governed countries must
count in this horrible" fight upon the
armed help of the Russian people."
This letter was published in the
Russian press. What answer was possible to this letter? Were the Russian Socialists in a position to join
their government in their military
campaign? From what 1 have already
said It is evident that such a 'policy
was impossible for them to pursue.
They did not feel entitled to crush the
German people and to place civilized'
countries under Russian military rule.
They did not feel this to be a service
to the Socialist movement either of
tlieir own country or of the whole of
Europe. They ', therefore abstained
from voting for the war credits at the
beginning of the war, and have resolved lo refrain from voting for any
further credits for which the government may ask.
The well-known Socialist lender, Mr.
J.aiin. ol' the minority group, has answered iM. Vundervelde's letter In the
Swedish SocliiMJemocrateii (since all
Socialist newspapers iu Russia have
■m'l.'ii suppressed). The, Russian Socialists, he says, know their government better than other people do, and
they remain the Irreconcilable enemies
of that governmet. The comrades of
other countries,. he adds, should not
pny any attention to the declarations
of people like Bourtzeff or Kropotkin, j
"who have taken no part in the Rus-j
sinn working 'class movement for decades." Should a serious danger
threaten the German people from Russian Socialists, but," continues M. Lar-
in, "all our international comrades and,
1 nm sure, foremost among them the
Socialists of Belgium, France and England, would consider it their duty to
prevent the humiliation and dismem-
tierment of the German people."
Of the same spirit is the resolution
adopted in answer to M. Vandervelde
by the Central Con. littee of the Social Democratic . Party (majority
group:
"The Russian working class cannot,
under any conditions, act hand in hand
with the Russian government, cannot
conclude any armistice with it, not
even a temporary one and cannot grant
any support to jt. We cannot shut our
eyes as to the future of Socialism and
democracy In Europe. After the wir
ts. over a period of further development for the European democracy will,
take place. And then the Russian
government, having gained hevf",tnfl«-
once and authority from the wari will
appear as the strongest checlt upon
and nfenace_to the democracy.* Tlffe'r^-
fore we consider it our duty, as far ?s
possible, to utilize the difficult position in which the government is now
placed in the interests of Russian liberty. In the end that will prove itself
to be the best service tq the democracy of which iM. Vandervelde speaks.-
Uoth sections of the Russian Social"
Democratic Party are united arid unanimous on this issue, and their policy
is a natural and. logical result of-the
government's attitude, ..^nd until the
regime iu Russia is changed no change
is possible In the attitude of-Russian
Socialists toward this war.—N. Y.
Call.
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,B.M?W. A
WAR AND PEACE
a®
H
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C.
W
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EXT RA!!
Started Thurs., Dec. 17
Refined Vaudeville
Entertainers
GRAND
Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Monday, Tuesday
Dao. 17     IS       19       31       22
H
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La
L
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Mset first. o.nd- third  Fridays,
Miners' Hallj'Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club HaU," C6e\
,-Cjeek. Sick Benefit attached.-??.
Uphill. Sec, Ferule, B. C.
'IT
Winners
at
Empress
"Tho Kmprof* management picked n pslr of winners when tbey ensaiced
Willis anJ Doll, that clever d«o ot fersatlte entertainer* who 'as*, night
opened for a return week's engagement Tliolr opening act yesterday
waa a routine of harmonised comedy and military songs, which drew forth
round* of applause after oaoh Individual number.
For their second act ihey preseotod the tome&y-nkntih emitted "A I'alr of
Lunsilcs," whlrh affords Mlsa Dell nrery opportunity to display on* of tite
Mirtiit-M of her numerous cowa* ond iter ability aa an aetrtaa, while it*
Willie clearly proved hia ability a* n refined and versatile coawdlsn, for lo
my the leant of bis funny and grotesque actions, they simply bad tbe audience In convulsions. These high-daoa entertainers will present the same
bill today with n complete than** tomorrow.- Calgary paper.
High Class Pictures in connection five days
"Am
and a complete change of Pictures and Vaude-
ville each Evening
SHOW COMMENCING AT 8 P. M. SHARP
And at our Prices you can not afford to mitt It
Children 10 cents Adults 25 cents
° Will you Explain to nje as succinctly
as possible just why you think it is
necessary to hnvo a large army anil
navy?" requested the Civilian.
"Why, certainly," replied the .Military Man. "The purpose of a large
urniy anil navy is to prepare for peace.'
"Out to have a large army and navy
Is to prepare for war, is it not?"
"Exactly," answered the Military
man.
'Rut aren't \,..'.' and peac absolute."
ly opposite anil mm* ally exclusive
states of affairs'."
"01 course," ailimli-jd the Military
Man, wearlodly.
"Well, then, how is it possible with
one given act to prepare for two
diametrically opposite things?" queried the Civilian with a puzzled look.
"It is vory simple. The object being, as all agree, not to fight, the thing
to do is to get ready to fight so that
whon the times come to fight everybody will be able to fight so much
better than anybody else that no timo
will be losMn starting to fight, and
then everybody will be able to fight
so well and kill off everybody else sp
quickly that nobody will be left to
fight and consequently peace Is bound
to come,    ls that clear?"
"Perfectly," replied the Civilian, "but
wouldn't the same result be accomplished with much less loss If we prepared directly for peace Instead of indirectly?"
"Not at all. If we were not ready
to fight, then of course we would be
ready not to fight and so, being constantly lu the state of not fighting;
when the time came to fight, nobody
could fight and that would make
-e"erjTj0<}x-3u-fflitu~timt~thej—ivouid~nir'
just naturally start to fight and-they
would fight bo poorly that nobody
could whip anybody else and so they
would kill off each other so slowly
that thc fighting would continue on forever and wu would never have peace
again.     That's clear, is it not?"
"It may be clear," admitted the
Civilian doubtfully, "but you don't really think it is logical, do you?"
"My dear fellow," replied the AIM-
tary 'Man, "It Isn't necessary tor me
to be logk'nl when speaking on be-
llalf ot my own iirofesalon."—-Appeal
in Reason.
WOMEN CROWDING MAN
. FROM INDUSTRY
The United States census has joined
tho feminist*, a class of people in
much disrepute with conservative citizens. The feminists believe that women should be self-supporting tor the
Kood of tlieir souls. Tbe conservatives
believe tbat It Is all night for a woman
to lulie In washing, keep u lew boarders, or even work iu store or mill
when necessary to eke out the family
income, nut, for a woman to earn
ber living with the same proud feeling
of complacency that mnn has who m\
support his family—thnt is denounced
as the heresy of the woman movement
that will wreck society,
The volume on "OccpaUons" recently Issued by the Census Hureau
shows that to plead with women -to return to th* home nnd Its undent en**
tims 1s like trying to hall the ocean
up with a teaspoon. The woman's Invasion of Industry as a psld occupation is a mighty army. In 1880 it ex*
ceededitwo millions; In 1890. four mil*
lions; in 1000, rive million, and In 1010
eight millions.
It is not only In numbers thot tbe
woman's Invasion furbishes the feminists with nn authoritative statistical
ally. Tite nature of the Invasion Is
still more significant of a changing
world. Women no longer cover their
traditional field of domestic servleo.
For even  two women ao occupied,
I there ts one proud mai* bending his
neek to the ssme yoke. Women aro
crowding men unmercifully In the professions, there being tour women In
that sacred area to five men. Afore
•nd more often women are refusing to
iwtttiue mvmttfttm to norsing.   inerei
JUT   JV-K*   iHtiiMJtk tiMji^t'*,     !!'*« *<l*0*i
tbrr ha* almost doubled since tttt.   *
■   And when men pro**** agataM this'
! Invasion the women sre   not   even j
I mee* end regretful, bnt they pertly I
, »v»i^**v..   '.;»,., ,k **, nov n -wosaoot
who Invented the steam engine.   It|
was not women that took the Indo*
tries oot or ttir home and Instilled
: them In factories     Voo men h*?e
only yowraelvti  to  thank  tor  jrow
iftlhrtit. and the l*n*t ymi tun ifn f* tn
* *<ve m the vote." aad thos Uio tem
bet'ontf*  nHttVh-   mnn*   tetrrttiltitlntt.
If r»n will bus,' tht' mmm to do Uuti
we wtll go with yon to the mills and!
itiy doubling )»>ir politico! power, wo
i «(ll asmke np u> >on lor the harm we
haew ■■wlttlnti 4om* yow M'th-f !»-
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock j In Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit" Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
-**.:  COLEMAN LOCAL
... No. 2633
*Me*?t every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m. - tn   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—^f. Johnstone, See.;,'
PASSBURG LOCAL
. , No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak HaU. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec Passburg, Alta,
X
PARK LOCAL,
No. 1387
. Meet'fevferj; Sunday. Slclf and
Accident Benefit Society attached.-—Ml«haieJ   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore, Alta. *,
BURMIS LOCAL
•    No. 949
} M-^et e<"ery^econd and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a,m.
|n School House, BurmlB. No Sick
-Society.—Thos. Gi Harries, Sec,
PaFsburg, AHa,
i ,
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
ln month.   Slok and Benefit Society attached,—Thos. .Thompson.
CARBONOALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. In the Opera House.
Coleman.—J. Mitchell. Kee. Box
108, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29   '
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock In Hit* Bankheud Hall.
SleV anil Accident Benefit Fund
attached.-—l'|-ank  Wheatley, Fin/
Sc-'c KanUhond   Alia.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday oC each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hali. Maple Leaf. No. Slok
Society.—Thou". G. Harries, Peo..
PaRRburg-. Altn.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL    s
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at.7.30 In Miners* Hall. 12th Ave-
nue North."—L. Moore. Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In the Socialist HaU. — James
Burke, Roc, Box 86. Bellovue,
Altn.    '
_ coalhurst Local
No. 1189
Me**t every Friday evening at
.7.30 hi Miners' Hall. Sick and
Aceident Benefit. Soclpty attach-
ed.—Frank Barrlngham, Sec, Box
IV2. Coalluiist P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock In the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—R;
Garbutt, sec,  Corbin,  B.C.
t tt
**
It
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund, attaiched,—
Max Hutter, Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each -pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
\r
CANADIAN
Pacific
Excursions to Eastern	
-—Canada & United States
On Sale December lst to December 31st, 1914.
THREE MONTHS LIMIT
To Toronto, Hamilton, Sarnia, 'Windsor. Montreal, Ottawa.
Itelleville, Kingston, St. John. Moncton. Halifax and all rtther
points in Ontario, Quebec ami Maritime Provinces.
RETURN FARK to points in Central States, including Min-
neapolis, St. Paul. Duluth, Chit-ago, Kansas City and »Mier
points.
Cheap Rail Fares in Connection with Trans-Atlantic Passage
Return Limit FIVE MONTHS.
All fui'ther information from any tieket agent or of
R. DAWSON. District Passenger Agent, Calgary, Aha.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HfcAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up. .$7,000,000      Reserve Fund ... .$7,000,000
HON. ROBT. JAFFRAY, President PEt.EQ HOWLAND, Eiq. Vlce-Prei
BRANCHES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, CranbreeK, Fernie, Oold  en, Kamloops, Mlehel,  Nelson,..
Kevetttoke, Venoeuver and Vlotorlv
SAVINGS OEPARTMINT
Interest allotted on deposits at e»rrent rat* from date of depoelt,
FERNIE BRANCH A, tt, OW1N Manager
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODOIYOUR
Willi, Titfc Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance PoUd*
or other valuables in out of thete boxes
—_ * **
._ .. vet run run, mtoiuiATtoM Attvt te
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fornlo Branoh
^
Home dank*Canada
head tmtetA Am mm bkancimb m ttmrntn
JAMS* SSASON. Oram! UaB*M»
^*wa^^^^^^  ^^^Ft^r^^w***  V'WUfWVUViRmef
•HAKCHIS ANO CONNlCTiaw THROUGHOUT CANADA
TW« aw manjr hundreds of substantia) sitings account*
witli tlt« Heme Bank that wort started years nfo-with •
deport of ene dollar.    Your dollar le alwvjrs welteeao.
Full compound mtoioet paid.
et
(fnatHnl »»W ■ -.innt I ******
J. F, MACDONALD, Manago
VtOTONI* *¥■„ -f. h. rtPtNII
I  ft.0.
wttttmmm TR^"
mn1 iwp ' —(iimuiLpa^
*    ' '''■■A'AAWm^
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., DECEMBER 19,1914
PAGE THREE
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*
The Surplus Value Theory.
By Marx Lewis
That the history of society presents
itself as a history of successive class
struggles, was a fact that Karl Mar^
put down as a bask: contention:6t his
social theories. Broadly distinguished
and briefly expressed, 'there., has alwaya existed, from the time of tie
breaking up of primitive Communism
to this day. two classes: a property-
owning class and a propertiless class.
Th© process of exploitation varied" in
form, but iu essence it tended toward
the same goal—the continuous enrich-
meat of the former class and a relatively increasing state of poverty of
. the latter class.
But in all hitherto existing social
organizations the process of exploitation was quite simple, and 'easily discerned. Tn the slave system, for instance, the process of exploitation was
as clear as daylight. TH-alftve toils
und the master takes the product. The
slave is ^bought and paid tor; he belongs body and sou} to his** master,
There is nothing to obscure the relationship between the exploiter and ;the
exploited. The former becomes'ever
richer, and the latter remains in a
state of poverty and dependence.
Again, in the feudalists system, the
process qf exploitation is equally as
clear.     The   baron   exacts   his  tolls-
0 from the- tenant, who is also pledged to
do military service to the baron, never
works, 'While the tenant, after years of
toil and suffering, finds himself In a
state'of poverty and subjection. The
exploiter and exploited appear in the
roles undisguised, equally apparent to
4he economic -categories in which they
Imve their being.
When, however, we come to the
present bourgeois system, the capitalistic regime, we -are confronted with
a perplexing problem. While wc can
here see the effects of the process of
exploitation, i. e„ the capitalist growing ever more powerful (ind richer.j
and the worker comparatively poorer,
we cannot see the process of exploitation itself. Unlike the slave system, the present system offers freedom to^the individual/ ,The man is
"free" to work' oy refrain from, working apparently. Marx shows further
that not by cheating one another do
"tho capitalists grow more powerful,
nor even by cheating   the   working-
men can they do'Io^B^cHeattng one
another the capitalists may effect, u>
the most, a relative redistribution of
profits, but not an absolute Increase
such as is true today. Not by selling
dear and buying cheap do they make
their profits, but hy fair dealing. How,
■ then, do they make their fortunes,
and in what way does the 'present
mode of production and exploitation
differ from the preceding modes of
prodactlon aad exploitation?
. And the Marxian theory ot value
gives us the key to the solution of this
problem.
i Marx explains tbls by showing us
honr the present system of production
differs from all pre-existing modes or
production. In past systems the prevailing purport ot production was for
use, with only minor and inconsequential attempts at exchange. Production for use wu the then dominant
.mode. In the present system, the
aim and purpose of production is to
exchange, whilst production for use
stone Is exhibited In a minor and in-
consequential role. Now, man.produces commodities, 1. e„ goods possessing both use value and exchange value,
whereas formerly he produced goods;
er ue value* alone. Thle separation
ot value in naefrom value In exchange
is a distinctive characteristic of the
Marxian theoretical system, and re.
quires further elucidation.
"The utility of a thing makes it a
use-value," -writes Marx in Chapter I.,
Section 1 of "Das Kapital." That iij,
when a thing satisfies some want, be
it a want that springs from1 the
stomach or fancy, that thing possesses
a use value. ,And, indeed, unless it
possesses some potentialities for use,
there could be no purpose, no rational
cause for its production or existence,
neither now nor ever before. The use
value is inherent in the very existence
of a ware, and is a natural prerequisite
of production at all. But to be a commodity it must possess certain qualifications that would make It exchangeable, in the absence of which qualifications it ls unexchangeable. We will
now see what qualifications an article
must possess in order to be exchangeable.
In glancing over the field of production today, and the exchange that
goes along with it, we find that it is
very common to exchange things that
are so unrelated, so diverse, as to leave
no room for some common element or
denominator which must be at the
basis of exchange bargaining. It is a
most common, everyday procedure to
see horses exchanged for houses. Or
equally ordinary seem the exchanges
of blacking with gold, corn with iron."
silk with wheat. Ordinary as this
everyday manifestation has come to
appear to us, still, sometimes, the
question naturally creeps up iu our
mind. "Haw is this done?" Surely
there aro nc, external likenesses between a house and a horse, except as
considered quantitatively and numerically. There is nothing common in
their material make-up, nor in their
color, nor iu their strength. And still
It is very, common to exchange or, impliedly, equate, one article, utterly diverse, .with or for another article, be
the other a specific commodity, or be
it gold, money, which is but a universal ^equivalent', representing a specific
commodity in an already converted
form. Daily do we compare and exchange houses with horses, corn with
iron, blacking with gold, etc. True,
they are all use-values for unless they
were such they could not enter the
world of commercial exchange; but
not because of that are they compared •
When
social
On the contrary, in the equation or
exchange we do ao upon the abstraction of their use-value,.and then "one
use-value is just as good as another,
provided only it be present in a sufficient quantity."
. Stripped of apparent and ineffectual
elements which nre ignored ln the
process of exchange, Marx reduces
them to a common denominator*, the
qualification that enables articles to
lie exchanged, and thereby converted
Into commodities. This qualification
Is. that all products, to bo exchangeable, must be products of labor. Tn
nn offort tb reduce this general element to an element still more general
he abstracts the various forms of labor, such aa the mason, the spinner,
tho tailor, and resolves them into abstract human labor, thereby conforming tt to the abstractions already made
in the forma and appearances of use-
values, resolving all products, such r.s
a table, a house, a suit, Into unconverted material. In other words, all
articles consist of a mere congelation
ot homogeneous labor, of brain, muscle
and energy expanded without regard
to tbe mode of Its expenditure. "All
that theae things now toll us is, that
human labor power has been expended In their production, that human
labor is embodied  in  them,
looked at as crystals of this
substance, common to them alii they
are-^values."
This definition o: value "reveals to us
the answer to the question rjust propounded: How can we exchange
houses and horses, corn with iron,
blackening with gold? These are commodities because, besides being useful,
human labor power has been exerted
in their production, giving them an
change value. Use values alone
can possess no" exchange value; if labor power had not been expended in
their production. Such is the case
with air, virgin soil, natural meadows,
etc. Mouses and horses are compared
by the common element utilized in the
production of the former, and rearing
of the lntter, human labor power. The
duration of such utilization labor is
the measure by which they are exchanged. "The value of one commodity ls to the value of another commodity us the labor time necessary to
the pioduction of the one is to that
necessary for tlie production of the
other." The time spent, however,
should be considered as the time socially necessary to accomplish the
task.
We have seen, from our survey thus
far, thnt the present systems differ
from past systems in that now we
'manufacture "commodities," whereas
previously man manufactured, In the
main "goods." We have also seen
that commodities must not only be
useful, possess use-value, -but they*
must also embody human labor, giving them also an exchange value—the
prime purport of modern production.
This has given us the Marxian theory
of value, but not surplus value, which
can now be briefly stated.
What is labor power? The fact that
it is the element of exchange value,
that it is an element common to all
commodities, makes an answer to this
question essential.
In previous social systems, the term
labor power, as it now must be understood, was lacking. In the system of
slavery, the slave was bought bodily
and the products of his toil <wer£
owned by his owner. It was an attribute indissolubly interwoven with
the 'personality, and it the personality
was free the product of his labor wad
freely owned by the producer: If the j
personality was owned by another,
the products created by bis labor was
owned by the other. Considered either
way; -however, the labor was part and
parcel of that person.
But through a long and historical
process of expropriation, during which
the mightier class gradually severed
the weaker class of its small tool
method of production, there emerged
what we have today, a capitalist class,
In whoBe hands are firmly held the
means of production, and the wage
working class Is devoid of everything
but its muscular and mental potentialities for production. 1Mb this labor power, no.v possessing tbe qualifications of a commodity, and being
by virtue of its importance, a special
commodity, that enters the labor market, In an endeavor to exchange itself
for the means by which Its existence
Is to be assured.
As a commodity we are now prepared to understand this position of
the worker to the capitalist, It ls an
all Important commodity for It Is the
source from which, and the measure
hy which, all other commodities spring
and are exchanged. Uke all com*
modules, this commodity possesses a
value which Is determined by the amount of labor power expended Itt its
production, or, better expressed, by the
amount of 'labor expended in its production. /There are a number of conditions which may enter and affect' an
infection of this rule, but consV^re-l
from ibe most ger-t-ral viewpoint, this
mie holds good. Rut always wiil the
amount necessary for its production be
smaller than tthe amount created.
- Being paid for at its exchange value,
the capitalist utilizes the labor power
for a period of time exceeding that
necessary for its reproduction. If, to
take a concrete but arbitrary example,
the laborer is employed for twelve
hours, and it only requires six hours
for the reproduction of the labor power executed, for which he is^aid, the
laborer has received the full value of
[. liis labor power, i. e„ the amount necessary for ifs reproduction. These six
hours .which he works , for his own
return are the necessary labor incorporated in the products. The six hours
that he works iu excess of the exchange'value received are surplus labor, to which Uie capitalist greedily
betakes himself. • The value introduced in the six surplus hours to the product, .Marx terms surplus value.
When we understand this theory we
can understand why it is that the capitalist grows ever mightier, the working class relatively poorer. True,
among themselves, the capitalists wage
bitter warfare in order that each may
acquire a greater share of the spoils—
surplus value. The banker, the landlord, the merchant, and the number of
other parasites appear upon the scens
to make the industrial capitalist, into
whose hands it first falls, disgorge
part of the booty. But upon whatever
else they may fight and quarrel about,
upon this much they agree in unison,
surplus value is God-given gain,
heavenly, irreproachable. To make It
an everlasting institution they employ
the church, whose ministers hold (forth
upon its sacredness; they employ the
press to praise its compatibility with
civilization; they finance the old political parties so that they may divide
the working class upon irrelevent issues, thereby losing sight of the main
issue. And' all this was paid for out
of the ill-goitten proceeds—surplus
value.
It is here that the Socialist party
enters as the only true representative
of the 'working class, battling against
the capitalist, editor and politician,
and carrying aloft the red banner ,of
International Socialism, calling for the
downfall ot capitalism with the inscription "To the creator of all wealth
all wealth shall belong!"
;tONG~HE ADED THI EVES"
.By R. A. Daeui
■The great capitalists, with rare exceptions, secured their millions by the
"long headed and long arm-ml methods." Vv'ii dug the precious metal
from the earth, tilled.the soil, quarried
the rock, made the brick, bu'lt fh-f
ships and houses, and canals, and railroads—in short, who has done the
work of the world and brought the
luxuries we now have? Was it the
Vanderhilts, the Astors, the -Rockefellers, the Carneeles, or men of their
class? v.'No!, No! Their long heads
and elongated arms laid plans through
which they harvested big crops where
they had not sown.
■Are they thieves, as intimated by
Ruskin? Well, not'in the ordinary
sense, not as the average man looks
upon business methods now. And
yet ihey are in possession of millions
of wealth they never earned. They
were enabled to secure it by reason of
a false and very defective system of
business. Are those millions in the
coffers of the monopolists their money
to do with as they please? Yes, legally; no, from a high moral point of
view. When the long headed and lonf
armed monopolist tells the working-
man that the millions he has secured
by the tricks of trade are hie property
—he "made" those millions—and the
workingman and Socialist who suggest some more orderly and fair" business methods are "lazy, shiftless fellows wanting to divide," then he gets
the truth wrong end foremost. He,
himself, is the cunning idler, tbe selfish sciiemer, the very .fellow who hap
been "dividing up" with the creator
of wealth, and in the division he has
taken from, the honest toiler ahout
nine times more than he should have
taken. Does he justify this action on
the ground that he is longer headed
than his brother man? Reader, if
yoti had two sons and one had 3
".longer head" than the other, would
you justify the brighter boy in robbing
his weaker brother? Carnegie and
Frick one year made a net profit of
$40,000,000 on an original investment
of $10,000,000. Thomas W. Lawson,
the Boston millionaire, tells how long
headed thieves in the United States
"made" $40,000,000,000 by the stock
watering methods. These are the
bright boys. The masses of Americans are the stupid brothers.
Uncle Sam hsa a great many most
admirable traits of character, but he
lets the bright boys of the family rob
the stupid ones, and calls it "smart
business." Ruskin called it "long
headed thieving."
Who is Your
Printer?
DO you ever consider
the importance of
o o the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
ts,
IMMMMMMBtMA
A Sixty Year Standby
For sixty years tk. Price's Cream Baking
Powder has been the standby of countless,
housekeepers who have relied upon it for
healthful, home-baked food
Dr. Price's contains no alum or lime phosphate. There is never any question about
the absolute purity and healthfulness of the
tftfsit It* -ynt*?**    *    ■       il ■     .*,
U has stood the test of time. That is
why the best informed housewives will use
no other.
Dh.PHICES
■A* JWfcJCe i#li Swtb
BAKING POWDER
IfsAt tNMi CfetttB #1^ Tartar '   * Na Ahm
Ru&kin say8-. "It is as much a thot't
to steal with a long head as .with a
long arm." He says that the remark
that '"a man do, 'What he pleases with
his own money", is' equivalent to say
ing,*"If a man's powder and shot are
his own, he may shoot where he
pleases.'.'
Recently a Christian gentleman of
large means took a dollar from his
pocket and said to the writer: "This
Is my money and I have a right to do
whnt I please with It Along comes a
lazy 'Socialist who will not work and
demands the dollar, or halt of It. In
making this demand* ls he not a robber nnd a thief?"
I said to my 'friend: "You do not
understand 8ocialUm. If there ls any
class of men and women who stand
pre-eminently above all others, opposing robbery iu all its forms, lt is
the Socialists.
Webster thus defines Socialism:
"More precise orderly and harmonious arrangement of the social relations of mankind than that which has
hitherto prevailed."
•The true Socialist would rob nobody, They do not even ask that
those >who <hsve robbed tbem shall
"divide,"* They, however, are trying
to abolish robber systems of business.
Tbey have Inscribed on their banners tbe rallying cry, "Bqual opportunities to all: special privileges to
none." They are educating people to
believe tbat tha present fierce, selfish
competitive system of business ahould
be displaced, and a etaparstlve
brotherhood or union take Its place.
They stand for tbe things wblob make
for tbe universal prosperity and happiness. I ask bave equal opportunities
been open to all In tha pastf Havo
there been no spnelsl •privilege* enjoyed by Utt few?
Ut us see: Tba elder VaaderMH
ansssed a great fortune through no
nopollstlo methods. Ry tbe law of
inheritance bis children, without any
effort on their part, bad titraonUnar*
privileges and power thrust upon tbem,
ensbllng them to more thsn quadruple
the original fortune. John Jacob As
tor in an curly day loaned money at n
hltb rate of Interest on the homes of
*»**     fV*tit IKS     ttfM«-.C(MT4     Ut*H***l**ll
' .tr: .!■',(,-'jfi*, V.H'.ij lh*. ;■. i*;*fjIj ivj-y
fiurth or third «f its valuo, and thus
piled np a mountain of.wMltb. died,
and his rhlldren started out as million-
aires.   Tbey now own square wiles nf
,  ,...>„w   V.U„V,.A., W»»   *>«•<!.£   kllu
that wealth f  Did not tbey enjoy special privileges?    They think It most
always be so.    Tbey look at a hog
who wilt crowd the weak pigs from
the trough, and then when he la full
climb tn and tavdown and prevent his
j brother pig* from getting any swlil,
■ and ib*v ttt*. thst thl* 1* »h*» entti'r* it
| ihp hof.    Th<>y sm< « hu«wo hog do
the same way bat ean think of no plan
to prevent It.    If a Socialist comes
I aloof and suggests tbat the victims el
• monopoly ttumVt e*vp*nt* totetbet,
I and that an order!? nr*i*m A* n^riN
by wblch every "ba* should bsv« the
Just reward f<* bd labor, tbey*tett him
he ia lasy aad "wnntm to divide," or
ttm be :s as anarehlst
rt should be the business of states-
nun to enact ldiws that would prevent
the "fittest" from stealing from men
whose heads and arms are not so elongated as their own. It is the duty
of the workingmen of this country to
study the economic questions, and then
to refuse to be blindly marched up to
the polls and voted by some unscrupulous politician. Let the people speedily adopt direct legislation nnd tben
proceed to establish a government "by
the people, of the people, and for the
people."-^. Y. Call.
-0 0
If you want really high
class printing--the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
"QUALITY" PRINTERS.
Phone 48a    :-:    Fernie, B.C.
t^-r
X-
The capitalist class doesn't need a
change of heart so much ns the working class needs a change of hend.
The worker throws away the greater
part of what lie produces in ordor not-
to "throw away his vote.'"
Let us be thankful that, under capitalism, thoro are only ten million men
out of work in America. There might
hu twenty million.
How's This?
We oflfcr Ouo Hundred DulUra Itowurd fur any
cite or Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall a
Catarrh -Curv.
V..1. CHBNEV A CO.. Toledo, O.
Wn, tlii' mnli'ril«ae<l, buvi* known F. i.
Cbtntf tot But hut IS year*, ana baiitve bliu
perfectly honorable in all boalneaa traoaaclloM
an-d financially ablo tu <>arry out any obligation*
made by bla Una.
r NAT. HANK OP OOMMRnCK,
Toledo, Oblo,
Ilall'a CaUrrii Cure lit taken internally, nelltie
directly upon tbe bl«Hl and tnoeo«ta anrfare* of
tbo ayalen. TontlmonUlt wot fri*. Vtlen TS
cents per bottle.   HoM by all imtgttt*.     *
Tak* Halt's Family I'llle toe cawUettkn.
Wil,
fit
"     ' ' fff/h
***\Y
For Prevention of Disease
By Natural Means
NEARLY ail forms of disease are traceable
to sanitary ignorance and an imperfect
action of the liver.
Eating between meali it a frequent came of indigestion and intestinal disorder!, because introducing
« fresh man of food into the mau already partly dissolved
arrests the healthy action of the stomach and causes the food
first received to lie until incipient fermentation takes place.
The liver, unlike die stomach, is constantly secreting, and when
loo much carbonaceous food has been taken, the bile becomes
too thick and consequently unable to perform ils office. Every
intelligent person, who appreciates the inestimable value of
good health, should read the "Rules of life" set forth in the
booklet enclosed in every package of
ENO'S "FRUIT SALT
By strict adherence to thtm rule*, even thote of impaired eon*ku-
tion have ban made healthy and comparatively robust.   Eno's "Fruit
-B.W" 5. . V..tit „!?.-■»" * •    * '      * ******
h* \t*t» $0 ***** \im**A*o\A fa TMtTmf*? fnr an rmr.rjftnrj.'    Wr,'*r *! W»
been tsken in the esrliett »t*g« of diftate. it hat in many inttaocf*
,-prevented what would otherwiie have htm a serio«s ilhess.
Order a bottle TO-DAY from your <Msr.
Pteporrtl Ww ht
J. C ENO, limited, "Fruit Salt" Works,
London, England
Agoatafor Camdat Harold F. Ritchie St Co., Unfed,
10 McCavl St, Toronto. w^w^^^^sw^
■SNM*Wy^ftf^y?&'
r^a
MIT-"-
•V.W'.
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*AGE POXJK
THB DISTRICT LEDGEE, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 19,19H
Published every Thursday evening at ite office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District." Ad-
r vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address, all communications to tht District Ledger.
P. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
!C^.
LABEL
S^OS-'
POLAND'S PLIGHT
Mui-h Iius linen written aliout, (lie deplorable eon-
ilitinns existing in Heltrimn nml (he Northern jvrt
•if Kriuu-c, but iu both these places tliere Was nn
unanimity of aversion to (lie Teiitonie invaders, but
now another jn-oplc is nut only suffering from lliu
-.leviiKt.at.iii>,' hordes tlint are. ravaging tlie count ry-
side, but tliese unforliinnlw are stil! further oppressed by being compelled lo engage in i'ralricidal
strife at the behest of (heir respective rulers.
Tbe situation of the Poles is a most cruel one.
Their history is one long page of victimization fo
tin: inordinate greed of tlieir eoiit|uero),s---(1ei'iiiaiiy.
Austria and Hussin.
Alrea'dy several hundred towns liave been seriously damaged as a result of tlie alternate.occupation by the different warring factions.
The'dream of every sou of Poland is to see it
mice more a separate kingdom, but tliis,' though
long cherished, is doomed to be never realized, as
the powers of commercialism are today loo firmly
established to allow tbe consummation of ihat whi"h
tliey would regard as a standing menace-to the
materialization of their own pians.
Russia, witb characteristic guile, has made prom-
i.-.e.'*, of what* she will do after the war is over, but
every intelligent Pole today, knowing the history of
, lhe past, places not (lie least reliance iu the promises
of the Muscovite, realizing that he. like the Teuton,
wlio is now making overtures to Italy, exemplifies
the, truth of '"When the devil was sick, the devil a
monk could lie. when the devil got well, devil a
monk was he."
The last, .struggle for national life took 'place at
the Diet of Grodno (17!).'}) al- which the Poles were
many of whom tbey inflicted the extreme penalty a
year later at (he siege id' Warsaw, by the army of
(iem-ral Kitseiusko.
lit tlie final partition which took place in 17!)5,
Austria received Cracow, with the country between
tho Piiiea, the Vistula, and the Hug; Prussia had the
capital, with the territory as fnr as the N'iemen.
ami the rest went to Ittissin.
The desire for Polish autonomy was kept nlivi
perfect as possible, 'Another year of consideration
would be given. In the meantime, a gqVern-
ment expert would be sent to Ontario and New
York to judge of the working of the enactments
there."
Undoubtedly on the subject of Workmen's Compensation the honorable gentleman' can obtain -a
fund of valuable information from his colleague and
travelling companion, whose study of this subject
has been most profound, extending as it does over
n period of years during which his legal efforts
resulting in holding up the payment of compensation lo dependents for several years.
*■*»
It is really astounding how solicitous these constructive statesmen suddenly become touching remedial legislation jusl prior to an impending or
prospective election. Yet this is not one jot-more
surprising than the shortness of memory of many
of those avIio so complacently accept these vole-
danglers as marvellous evidences ofthe thought fulness of tlieir (*) parliamentary representatives.
Regardless of tlie fuel Mint1 these legislators have
ample opportunities for llie study of how certain
acts have worked out in other countries. Great
Mritain, Australia. New Zealand, and even those
"uiucle in flcriiuuiy." it is necessary that considerable additional researeh should be made by a government expert in Ontario und N'ew York, thereby
preventing a loo immature, legislative measure being placed upon the statutes of the province, in-
cidentallv it mav be noted that "'at least another
year will elapse" before this consummation is arrived at. Likewise incidentally, il may be observed thai once airain election time will have passed
and gone.
Of course these goiille-iiirn may put on (he highly
dignified air as sufficient rebuff lo our criticisms,
still there is a quotation that is peculiarly applicable
at the time—"My (heir fruits shall ye know them."
Never in the history of IVilisli Columbia's existence
has a legislative assembly had so excellent nn opportunity to demonstrate the bona fides of their
pretensions touching the welfare of the producing
portion of the electorate, and one iday truly say
"Mimic, inene. tekel upharson."--i. a".. "They have
been weighed in the balance and found wauling."
It is now about time that the bi-weekly pay
si reamer should be I nil ted out and most scientifically slaughtered. P.ul uiiiyhap an expert could
be sent to the adjoining province of Alberta to
see how it works out and then conveniently have
Ihe report shelved for an indefinite period.
pair of knickers when so much first-class woolen
clothing is manufactured ain Canada? "Why does
he, in this "brightest gem of the imperial diadem"
have to get to "work at 6 a.m. these wintry ui-orn-
ings? .'   -■
Of course, we ean easily understand that they
who have a'well-lined paunch and can sport warm
clothing will look upon these remarks as so much
"mush." bul. to all such we would say, "Put yourself in his place,'' and your thoughts on the subject,
might undergo a change.
The question may be asked, "Are you, too. appealing to,some, mythical kindhcartcd individual lo
play Santa Claus?" . To this we reply most emphatically— No! .Away with the charity that doles
out. oive meal a year to an unforunate victim and
the other 364 days forgets his existence. No; what
we wish each reader to do is a little ordinary,
everyday self-communing. "We are reading now
a great deal about "Made in Canada," aud are calling al'tention to the fuel, that there are thousands
of children, men and women homeless, nearly naked "Made in Canada." and the question is ""Wherefore?"
"Charity" is a hateful word when "it means the
giving of alms.
The resources of this boundless continent aro
said 1o be incalculable. We boast iibon! our bnni-
P'M' crops.' our marvellous mines of coal, iron and
other minerals; we discuss glibly the nmount of
exports and imports, but pay scant nitention to the
human beings whose labor applied lo these natural
resources' transforms them info wealth. And tliey
who perform the transformation are compelled to
sutTei" untold miseries because they have not the
means lo buy back only the most meagre port km ef
thai whieirtheir energies have created.
Speak lo many people who have never made a
study of economics, whose knowledge of sociology
probably does not extend even to,the dictionary definition of the word, and (bey will acknowledge
thai there is something wrong, but .what we are anxious to have those individuals do is study Ihe question without prejudice, and if they do so the truth
of the Socialist content ion. that this system cannot
be mended bul must be ended before the solution
is reached, will be forced upon them.
Once lot a militant minority of au appreciable
number of the producing class thoronshlv grasp the
full meaning of the sentence, "That if you have
earned a .dollar-which you didn!t get some-body has"
a dollar whieli.hc didn't earn," then they will take
such action as will"'make the artistic creatures of
the Sauei-brunn's class an unheard" of absurdity,'
and economic justice, instead, of degrada'tory
Charity, wilLpredominate. .,-f'
MINERS AND THE WAR
A PEW QUESTIONS FERNIE VOTERS OAN
ASK THE "HONORABLES'' TO-NIGHT
CANDID CRITICISM OP A "OHARITY"
CARTOON
Tonight we shjullhave two of the leading aud
shining lights, of the Conservative aggregation at
Victoria in-tWn; they will attend a smoker aud
disburse genial smiles—and cheques, some are hoping—to the '.'.faithful."—Amen, Both "Williams
have displayed7such solicitude for the worker in
their tour through tlu\ country that, we Avonder
whether the Attorney General might be persuaded
to extend the game season until the 7th of January?
This would give many, who have much leisure, but.
little meat, an opportunity of acquiring a few
founds of venison. True, the season is pretty,generous, and so is the supply of game, bul nevertheless, ns every hunter knows, game is not accessible
until snowfall, and tins vear we have been rather
late.
Several other questions niiglil be addressed to
the honorable gentlemen, iu particular, why the
government seems to have overlooked the Tael. that.
Fernie has suffered severely through the slate of
the coal market nnd much distress has been occasioned by lack of employment. How far the government is prepared to relieve the situation, and whether Dick McBride's submarines are still iu.com-.
'mission? It would also be interesting to know,how
nhiuy of the Conservative majority have gone to
(he front, and whether the honorable gentleman,
is aware Chat the bulk of the men ?aken from, this
district were of the miner class. Further, whether,
in view of the very "practical patriotism" of lhe
workers. Ihey {the honorables. of course) might.'uot
be persuaded to accelerate the introduction of a
compensation measure along the lines of the Ontario net? AVhile lhe fact that the Crow's Nest
Pass Ofoal Company have decided to make a bimonthly pay for this month might also be quoted
as indicating the practicability (in Spite of W. K.
H.'s previous assertions) of this system.
*At a spatial;eoiuareiioe of, the .Miners' Fede-jution of Great- Britain the
foUotV:i.g resolutions vara agreed \o.
(1) Thut all War ratief funds,"be' merged together and  taken  orer by -the"
Government, and, that there be ■£ Am-
eral or,uniform scale ol relief, modi-
ficationslor exceptions to toe made to
suit exceptional districts, aad. the Na- ■'
tional Revenue be made responsible
for raising tlie funds necesaary.     (2)
Tliat this "conference accepts the resolution of the'"War Emergency Workers'   .
National -Corinnittee; and demands that
the following should be the minimum
scale, of. relief:    One adult, 12s, 6d,;
two adults, 17s. 6d.; one adult and one
child, 15s.; two. adults'and obe child,
20s.;   two  adults  and  two  children,
22s. tid.; and 2s. Gd. for each additional
child, and ,an additional 3s. 6d. for re-^
cipients In London boroughs. (3) That
this conference presses upon the War
Office and on his Majesty's Government  that an allowance of  .Cl   per
week should be paid to the wives of
soldiers- and Bailors now serving with
his Majesty's forces .without any "de<
ihictioi) from the'pay of those persons
serviiiR nt the front, to the widows or
other dependents or husbands, brothers, sons, etc.", who may be killed in
the war,, or who may die from wounds
received or disease contracted in the
war.    Also .Ul per week to those who
may be disabled for life or.-partially
ills:ibled until tliey are fully recovered
from their injuries.      In addition to
the above allowances a payment of 3b.
fid, per week should be paid to each
child under working age.      (4) .That
the Government be called upon to Hnd
employment for persons thrown out of
employment through the.war.—<Scioiiee.
ami'Art of fining.
NOTICE
I, Samuel Smith, of Fernie Intension, of the City of Fernie, B.C., hereby
give notice that my wife, Kate Smith,
having left my hed and board, I will
not be responsible for any debt or
il&hts incurred by her from this date.
(Signed) SAMUEL SMITH.
Fernie, B. C, December 3rd, 1914.
Saiiei'brunii is a cartoonist,'and a good one. loo.
JVrhaps you never heard of hint; lie that as it
TrmyririswiniraTiWliFniini'oiit pligeoTTOrBTrmoir
ton .loiii'iial.
ln (he issue of llie 1Kb (here is a very suggestive
cartoon, entitled, "Make his dream come, true."
We are sorry we cannot reproduce (he picture, as
il is far more expresaive tlmn any words can fell.
However, we'll ivy. ln tlie lower portion is an
ordinary kitchen chair, with the front rung broken;
on the chair there is a cheap alarm dock, the hands
of which indicate it is (J am., whilst around ami
despite untold opposition, until IHMi. when an ef.,'l»>ve it are such sentences ns tliese: "(!e( up, kid;
fort was made to n.'-nnile llie dismembered Polish [ K«» '" work!" On the floor lies a hug upon which
nation, but at tlmt period I'riissin .joined hands with;vu' n'a<l ",'l'nper." indicating that the owner is a
Austria and Ituxsia. mid all their hopes of release newsboy. Close by this latter article are shoes and
trom vassalage were easily suppressed. Cenuauy stockings uf the "ventilator" type, whilst ou Mie
has insisleiitly demanded that the (Jermiin language) '"'''• »*iilil»intr his eyes to arouse himself is nn urchin
should be spoken and inflicted severe punishment ' of »\umi 1 hivteeii years of age. Covering 1 he lower |
upon those who liml the temerity io defy the edict, j l'iU'' 4,f '»'"* ^i\\ is a frayed eoiuilcrpajie. with in
7\s a further effort hi Cernmui/o the expropriated! ^iiiple patch on it tlmt would not be awarded aj
>:-r y, speriul    iiitlueeiiients'  were   granted    toil"''*''"I a se\i ing circln for neatness iif s! itch. Wring-!
I hose settler*,  who spoke the official  language ,,f ■''H'."i\er ihe fool nf the bed a pair of kijickerhock-'
Prussia. ''•*•,l"' nether portion of which is ornamented with j
'!"•'■ .sH-ii-jurics of Pi.liiiid read like roiiuiMees. nnd!'1 pnteh of smaller dimensions than (lie one on tl.e-j
ril"*   (if   wine   nf   till'. eonl'liel-*.   clearly   silOWi ' """" T"V' '       ■'■"-•"■    r    ,,"   Jem    m   iiimmiim^   mi'i
,!:;ii  .;  :,;ubb<,rii  svm. Utiu
■.'hi'iug for na! i.xisi
Three fUUy equipped Meat Markets
One each at Blairmore, Pincher Creek and
McLeod. Will sell the markets complete
with the lease, or the fixtures. Terms ar-
ranged to suit the purchaser.   Apply to
The 41 MARKET Co.
FERNIE
B. C.
TO    RlSNfT—Three-roomed   House.
Apply, House 161, Pellat Ave., Fernie!
Mrs. E. ROSS
Maternity Home, 66 Dalton Ave.
Fernie, B. C. Phone 177
Con Reece. Taxidermist, W-est Fernie. If, you wish your trophies mounted well, finished well, and really realistic, give us a call. You can see
samples of our work in every home
and public place In Femte and the
iliBtrict. Charges moderate; Work
the best.
FIRST IN  EVERYTHING   WORTH   WHILE
f py A Ledger Ad.
SPECIAL-Saturday Matinee & Evening:
Hifloett Bunch of Fun Ever Put Over—Eddie Lyons, Victoria Forde
and Lee Montn In
A LUCKY DECEPTION
Delie-loua.   Romping.   lill.irioii* "Nestor" 2 Reel Comedy
UNIVERSAL ANIMATED WEEKLY
SOME 8PLENDID WAR  VIEW8
lh
Wile,',
Ui.'
vi!:.
I  illl!
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eonl'liel- flcai'ly ,h!i
ll   peuple   wiil   put   up
tilt.        Nevertheless,  the
trra.ved <u*juh-i   lb-fin dfre-'ih. and the op-
th'-A.     V. !>.-.    ...   lil.ll.'Mltlv   lull*.    (''"Ill"    <!','   pro
iU'ii.   they   put  ,:0..»ni|   ihelr   Weid;er   tleWil-
. In-!-   their 11wit   ;:;!.-r, •*.;>  ;iv,.   itr» «>* \ e,|'.   re
;,* i
„„.( eoniitefpnye.    'IViv k po fear of liiisiukiiii,'. the
'l<o;ti as' ||»e Jeepiiijx eliiuiiher tt}' si s-pu'dl pet, UH
llu' vvindiiupaiie is sitia.sh.eil. ami the lath shows
!;>!'t'«U;!t lhe eraelu-d plaster. That's eiioil-tfii fol'
the lor.er portion; non   fee 'thn upper,
The  itvotipjiHi *<f the  hetl  i>  shown  scaled ;>J   it
♦ .•!.!*
■ it;: "i
■t'Mt't  I ,'
".I iVe   f,
<*.!' V,H
luipes ,i let itipf !';i-
it   ),,'!'
•ID :•."*!('
^tjtdetl .l.tivi -,', i(h :,|| lAii.h- „{ ,'tiin)A<'*.
phliilp ftirkev, hum on ihe I'Kml' ii iniltl-
i'i". i-itliVeV the i'll'H'£'*;vln!' th".}  *1>«v r'.''.'.
U ■■■ ,*>!' »-.I!(*■»' ;;'te*i ihi;>'!>* l.-i jtpj.c.-d !.•*>
>  p.-U.'tle,  Whilst Itt  llie tntvel' end uf lh>-
CHRISTMAS CHEER
*nm**^mm mmy-im*
*mm..n*imi.*iwt
%it
th:,!
'«. < ti,   |,e Vs j..l.-1-re-!.
♦:   u;i', ji,th!!v  •
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V*.
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i" ti,     "el   *•
A  ,*:,!
!■;(.■■]
. I       ",,- '
T'-r
$1*20 for $U
Better than Beer
3 PORK PIES 25c, 1 CAKE SHORTBREAD 20c
1 XmAS CAKE 5Ge, 6 BaSPBERRYFUFFS 25i:
TUESDAY
FLORENCE LAWRENCE and MATT MOORf tn ohe of the queereet
mytlery ttorlet you bnvt ever i«en.
A Mysterious Mystery
•HtpV a j<l;iy wiililu a plaj; a luuiiiJy-ai'iuiu Uul will kepp you kiip».
JsiliK until tjtie finish. T!w mon: \\mzlttm, tiwmsi itlcturf we h,ivi-
ox'orshiwii, a;»'i i','*- n *''Vivttir" lw*pii-ii'r,
fUiu aui near .so uear
*l ,-t'\
•MV*1--,1
|«v(iti;ut'
i li'
m
Otr\   t*        r**, *   x   nr •   i     j.
ne Douar special  Iicket
AT
mi, Vt<wlv ■■%»■'%** * .■**■£. -i*    *»*        ifc** **-% **,. 4- *-*-«*»     v
Pelf at Avenge
FKRNIE.B.C.
■ii* '*iM*m*v* '**'#i******'*:
SPECIAL  WSOMBSOAV  k:**i TMUnSOAY
(WPft\W Wpif 4 ritf Qnnnr\*->tfr! rrmt,  prni;.,
to the Front
tm
"i   ■'    eiV    11    '   #"•    'If      Hi"'!***)   (    «i '   »   !i";ti    ;,|    !   !;
i- f ile  «i'!u; resitii'M ot thp
PRESENT EUROPEAN WAP
n it ap.i in.ptcrntt tierce i mn #n*i w" •*  , *
>••    1 ''.. . nn .  :>-vf, ,iii, i, ,,■ „ *,   •■   ht
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tw union iUitin-o M»sn it
lur.' Jul i|t>ni,
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Spzoiai Sale on Ladies
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i THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FffRNIB, B.C., DECEMBER 10,1914
PAGBFIVS
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News
The  District
♦,       COAL CREEK  NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
■The Christmas tree'for .the childreii
will bb oo display in the Club Hall
at 11 o'clock on Christmas morning,
and from that hour on the distribu-
' tion wili start, the smaller children
getting. first consideration: This is
the annul fttaction that is organized
by botli mineworkers and tho company
to gladden the hearts ot the kiddies at
this festive season.
Saturday- last wns pay day ujc here
and a large numb»r of Creekites took
in the excitements tlmt Kernie city offers.
Tho management intend paying on
the 24th InBt. for work done np to and
including the Ifitli. In sjiite of this
<'oucess!on by the runipiiny wis fear
the pay envelopes of in.iuy will be
pretty teau.
Jack Frost is greatly in evidence.
Vroae uair-lines in i;oiinect!on with the
mines being daily occurrences.
Don't forget the concert, to be held
in the Grand .Theatre* Sunday evening
next by the Femie-Coal Creek Excelsior Band. Coiiiu in crowds nnd entourage the hoys.
The annual meeting of the members
or the Coal Creek Club-, and nomination of officers, will lie held on Sundny afternoon next tit li p.m,   AH mem
bers,are expected to. attend,
■ A special train was requisitioned
Saturday noon to convey Harry France
to hospital, sufferiug from crushed
foot received, while following- his employment as dinkey driver. iWe learn
he is doing as well as can be expected.
..Concert at Coal Creek Methodist..
Church
' Tlie usua; mcsthly concert held in
the .Methodist Church Tuesday evening, was one of the best events that
have * happened for sonm time in this
camp. Supt. Caufield presided, and
proved an Ideal chairman. From start
to finish he was thu life aud soul of
the gathering, tracking jokes, anecdot-
Ing mid. keeping the whole gathering
In the best of humor. When the super does come out ot^ his shell he has
an inexhaustible fund ot reminiscences
thut could not fail to interest the most
dismal of audiences. The accompanists were Mr. and Airs. T. Morrison.
The program, which was of a varied
charactor, was well sustained by the
various artists, and without being
guilty of favoritism must compliment
-Mitchell for her rendition of several
popular airs. The national anthem,
nnd the customary votes of thanks,
brought the gathering to n close.
Coal Creek Methodist Church.—
Wednesday evening, 7.30 N'ayal talks
by ihe patsor. Sunday, 2.30, Sunday
school   and   Bible   class;   3.30,   choir
practice; 7.30, Gospel service.
The Sunday School scholars tea
party and concert will be held on
Weduesday, December 23rd. Donations of cake, etc., will be thankfully
received.
Don't forget the gr,and coiicert Jan.
lst, l-Din. Sketched, songs, etc., by
several of our well-known local artists.
Jiel'ieshments will be served during the
interval;
   ^***** ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦<♦>.?;
HILLCREST NOTES ♦
No   Matter   How   Well
You Feel
Your appetite is bound to feel the necjd of something exceptionally tasty and good at this1 particular season, and
lieinjr careful about the meat you fancy is an important factor.
Government Inspected
Meats
- Kept fresh and clean until served on the table is something
__y_QiL£l*i^l-djnsi&L^iii_DnnJ^ 	
high grade meat that our prices are high.
"QUALITY OUR HOBBY"
The 41 Market Co
I"E WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine--American and
European Plan — Electric Light-
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rales
50c and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
A special meeting of Sentinel Lodge
No. 25 K.'of V. was held in the Hagles"
Hall Friday last. The business consisted of nomination of officers for the
ensuing term, and the following were
loniinated: CC.—Wm. Fraser; \\C—
J. Cox; Prelate—I). Gillespie; IC. of R.
and S.--J. lUisliton; M. of W.--.I. McKinnon; M. of 1'V -\'V. Nelt-on: M. i'i li.
—1\ .Muir; M. of A.—T. Smith; I.
«.—(■!. Thomson; (). (I.—M. McDIckeu;
Trustees—,1. McKimmoii, (5. Morgan.
T. Iluynes, and .1. (ilondeiining '.Irand
Liodgo-Keiiresentntire. Installation of
officers takes jiliice first meeting in
January.
The ntunicijml election took place on
Monday in the Council Chambers and
caused lots of excltemeni. The results
were as follows: Mayor. A. Morrison,
75; 11. Gates, IM. Councillors (I! vacancies), .1, Lamb. 7il: W. White, 72;
W. H. Cox, (!7. School Trustees, (S vacancies), W. Haysom, HI; A. Cameron,
S7;   1). Hyslop, 70.
-A concert was. held in the public
room of the Crand Union Hotel after
the results of the election were made
known and a pleasant evening spent.
A mean contemptible theft was coin-
iiiittod the latter end of last week at
the ranch of Ed. Letlal, situated two
and a half miles west of Coleman.
While making their usual Inspection in
tli'.' morning they found that one of
the.'r fovs had been killed and practically all of tt carried away, while a
enlf had been shot three times in lhe
forehead. Whilst appreciating the fact
that times nre pretty bad nnd that
plenty are hard up against it for,.a
meal, such wanton destruction cannot
TlSppeuiiig~BirTionest7
Since writing last two of our (brothers of Local 1058, left here for the
front, their names are Joseph and
Nicholas Prlvot. They have a brother
o, prisoner in the hands of the Germans and are determined to rescue
him.
On Tuesday of last week a record
ballot was submitted by our membership, ■ nearly every member recording
his voto.
The mine worked five days last
week, but the output of coal is very
small, the miners working onl> half
time.
The prize turkey was won by .Ino.
Mau di son Saturday last tn the shooting competition at the old pool room.
Many of the boys are becoming expert in the uso of firearms and will
be useful In the event of invasion.
The regular meeting of the local was
held Sunday last, with al! the officers
and a fair number of the rank and
file in attendance. After the ordinary routine business had ibeen disposed of, delegates to the convention of
the Alberta Federation of Labor was
called upon to give him report. After
this report had been given a lengthy
discussion arose ou the question of
Prohibition.. The attitude of the C. I».
It. in shipping into the province of Alberta half of their coal, was also discussed.
We are sorry to report the death of
Louis Thomas, wliich occurred Sunday
night. The funeral took place at S.I50
Tuesday last; A large following of
people paid their Inst tribute to the
deceased. The funeral service of the
U. Jf. \V. of A. was read by local president, F- Pearson, after which the
Welsh Choir rendered several hymns
very pleasingly.
FRANK
Frank has got the best indoor skating rink In the west. (The writer has
evidently never visited "Progressive
Fernie," or he would never have made
such a rash statement.—Ed.)
Then' will be a hockey nuiU'li in
Frank Wednesday night. Mctievuc being the intended victims.
Tho mine started on the 1,'ith, after
being idle lor seven days.
lt is to be regretted that quite a few
of the miners had to go back owing
to thfir pit clolhcs being too wet lo
put on. .This famous institution ought
to be transferred to Belgium, wo do
not think many tears would he shed if
tlie Germans did destroy it there. Further, we might get our dollarsworth
if this apology was lust.
Under Male  Help Wanted in Weekly
Edition
Large mail Order house wants men
everywhere willing to work a few
hours for $20 weekly. Contract given;
position permanent. Experience unnecessary. Sample BVee. The Co-
Operative Union, Windsor, Ontario.
TENDERS WANTED
To instal steam heat in Union Hall,
Hillcrest, Alta.; also toilets and cesspool.
All tenders to be in not later than
January 1st. 11115.' The right to reject any or all bids is reserved.
Further particulars of (Mack Stigler
sec, Hillcrest Hotel, Alia.
Work
g<M  it.
lo earn a living and  vote to
TABER
Freedom begins
of prejudice.
There iiie mvo
tO(!a,\- those wlio
iluiM' who ael it.
in freeing the mini}
classes
cant  a
in   society
living and |
The mine was idle Tuesday and
Friday of last week, and only worked
one side on Saturday.
■be^conunnfflr
hard working industrious people, like
Mr. and Airs. Lo Gal who at the best
of times only make a bare living, and
certainly cannot afford the loss such
thefts entail. It is to be hoped that
the police will be able to make un ex-
ui)i|>l«> of whoever committed this outrage.
Mrs. George Derbyshire, who has
been ailing for some time, was admitted Saturday night to the Miners Hos-
•iltul. Mrs. Alpin, of McGulnness' .Mill,
Crow's Nest, is a patirnt at the hos-
jtpital thin week. >.      »„..,,.       .     ,.,
1 ! hurst Meat Market, nirt with a nrnty
Miss .Jessie Home underwent un op; j,,^,,,,,. on s„tllr(lav whl('i, mi.-,)n
rrarlon !» the hospital Wednesday,    j ,„„.,„ „|0 lom of a fln(<er
Dan Daley Is still nn inmate of thej T|)H „„„„„ ,„„„,,,„„, of tht, ,.„,,...
hoapitnl and his condition In much theian ^MnK „,, ., {lun,.R ari(1 „„,.,„, ,0
Ha,m'' I take place In the hall Friday titglu.
pan .Montgomery met with an At-cld-1 a committee of the Local Unl.ni
ent 'While at work In the McGillivray j M* bttsy getting up n concert to Hike
Mine Monday last. Some empty cars jiLk-c in the church on December H-**,
Jimmied the track and caught him in     A driver, name at present unknown.
—i5oe-<^*hT-of^he~^fnc7"TirivfTrieiT
Coalhurst last iyeelc to take up a similar position at Heaver Mines.
The chicken supper and concert In
the church last week was a success
every way.
We are plensedto say Charlie Pres.
eott is worklniT again.
/ Duncan McNab and Mr. Stroud were
taking up a subscription during Ihe
week for Red Cross and Patriotic purposes.
Percy .Spenser, null the hotel last
week ;;nd hired *xa a driver.
Wnlter Adult, manager of the Coal-
The cold weather doesn't seem to
ii'iiko any difference as regards tne
mints working in this district. The
big mine worked two days this month
and wc- hnvo no word when there will
he any more work.
Some of the miners who went to
Drumheller have returned, preferring
to be in idleness.
Municipal elections were held on
Monday. For the mayoralty, i.Morlo
had an easy win over Rowilen. The
vote was Mario, 164; ftowden, 81.
For councillors, T. Paterson, B. X.
Harding and J. T. Willard were elected aver the labor candidates. Willard beat out Alex. Patterson by five
votes, It is thought that some of
tho foreign-speaking voters made a
mistake between the two Patersons,
a i several votes for llrooks and Xu-
g-'«l had T. Paterson for the third
mini. For School Trustees, Layton
and Groff were re-elected. Robinson
heat out Walton and Ryan for third
seat.
At the regular meeting on Sunday
it  wns decided to have a Christmas
Jj-pii    fnr   tht,   tihllArau—tin .QlwJ-stinas.
THE HABISTRITE'S STORt
What He OwtM to Z«m-Buk *
Mr. C. E. Sanford, of WeJtoo. KJngt
Co., N.8., a Justice of tbe Peace" for; ,
the county and a deacon oi **be Bap-
tist  Church  io  Berwick,  says:   "•■€V;;
have used Zam-Buk for piles and founcit "*.
It a splendid remedy.   It cured me."'   >,'•.
Mr. Thomas Pearson,.of Prince Al-   '
bert, Sask., writes;    "I must thank ,-
you for the benefit  I  have - received
from the use cf Zam-Buk. -Lvt sum- -
mer I had a fever, which left me witb  "
piles.   I started to use Zam-Buk and   „
found  lc gave  me  relief, so I con-  -
tinued with it   After using three or
four boxes  it   effected   a   complete
cure."
Zaia-Buk will also be fouad a sure
cure for cold sores, chapped hands,
frost bite, ulcers, eczema, blood-
poison, varicose sores, scalp sores,
ringworm, inflamed patches, babies'
eruptions and chapped places, cuts,
burns, bruises, and skin Injuries gen.
erally. »A11 druggists and stores sell ■
at 50c. box, or post free from Zam-Buk
Co., Toronto, upon receipt of price.
Tou are warned against harmful imitations ard substitutes. See th»
registered name "Zam-Buk" on every
package befor t ,buying.
LEDGER ADVT
T. W.  DAVIES
Funeral   Director
and     Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
1    COLEMAN     "m'm"o0«/mon« •«»     ALBERTA
night in the  Miners* Hall.
A male voice choir was organized
lu the Firemen's rooms on iMonday
night.    Mr. ,W. ltudd is conductor,
THE
Bellevue Ho.tel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Date ~ Every
Excellent Cuisine,
_ Cl llli D1_F S9.^ »_i _...	
In  the  Pa«.—
Convenience.* ••
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
the side, bruising his ribs nnd eiittlna
hi* fflcp.
Horn--- To Mr. ami Mm, J. Davis, a
son.
Dr. Miller, of Fdiuonion. director »!"
Technical Ktliit-atloit, w.i» a visitor *n
fi aii recently.
A dasice un.k'r the auspice* of tiie
ifH-ef   H'»c!.*rv    wilt' br   tu'M    hi    rb
0|M-'M HtHiHK Monday." .Ian. Hlh
Tlif !!r«» cmr<i«inniM!t of tti-1 ■ t'nint
,','uik lw*  in en  nintlc n-mdy fo* »blt»-
' :t!t ic.     Tlif ttoHiliiB coinmitto* wish
to Mi-siik the 'l-t<|jiK who Hvv- 7v kAvl
I III (Mil
met with an nrcldent In |hc mint
Tuesday, ami a broken |e« wns
result.
4>&-&+*>t>m + + + *
<n
A* LETHBRIDGE NOTES
<»♦♦ ♦♦♦ A
ou
■rS
The following ls the result of District Klections which took place heic
on »ln Sth December, Dili. Fur pre-
■tldetif J'hllllps. IG; I'rice, lu, Yin-
('resident: Graham. L'8; Mc.N'ud, t.;
Levitt, 32. Secretary-Treasurer. Carter, lit; !3rooks,:!l. International ltd.
Member, Hees, Vi; llrooks, K Hoard
Member Sub-District N'o, 2: I'limiti'-,
II; Allett, I; llolmeK, :i; Uoiuiiimm, :.;
Dudley, lli; Tiiomiis, UT. Fnnern-al j
Delegate So. tJ W. F. of M. tionveii- j
Uou: McNab. Il; Oakes, «; Levitt, rl;!
t-'l'iiilll, i:i; Nuguit, i. !
.Maple Leaf Local--Kor i'tysiiiiii-t: j
i'hilllpit, l.i,'i'i'lre, ^. V'U'e-l'rcsi'i.fii:.; i
ttraham.l; Levin. I;;, MeNaii. .!. Sec-!
rot.u'y.Ti'i-ariiirci'': ("al i r, il; I'-i'in'!.-,
''. Iii'.t !!i.;ii!ci;;i) Di.'.inl Ali:ni.ii;r; Iim .*-.';
';','. \y-t)s\,n. (,. Jii.itj-.'i ,\u-iuli.-i° tj'iii.*
District  Xo. •::  Allmt.  1;   llolnies, ":'
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China, ,'
.;.   Stationery, etc.
OXaO COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
Tier mines buy
lull' iljne  for tin
A!-■:. ritrlh'■!:,
ic ii Mivic, im i
i n;. n |iiiTi tii i
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Si* 'i  *(<  Ui, ' i'usitii:.!.
* ♦ ♦ m ■**■ o +
!•"('!> wirliiiit; (Mily
pant  i wo week*;
;; :;...i.'iii.:*;. rtiniH'.- in
wills -,i ii;ih!tr.i'! acci*.
*M» riK'i; lalliim on his
■ti'iy,    ll"*- n-jis
LuugiM-.ii:
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'Itll":   Kit
■:Sr-:,\   t.'ji
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware
Furniture
W« will furnt«th your boiis.- fr.-nri
*:w;ii pnc^i*.   i*;tii, wrlfe.  jilinnp ,.*,
ijiiijii.
satisfied, tell ttn«f«,
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PugeSTX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., DECEMBER 19,1914
N
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The Sanctity of
WAR
By Guy De Maupassant
The vast jmajority will return from
the war to tell the tale, aud they will
have accumulated experiences which
will illuminate their lives for ever after.. 'For,most people life is dull grey,
and monotonous, and these men will
come back with a fund of recollections
to dray upon to brighten their lives
at the dreariest moments. If you
went to one of tbem afterwards and
said, 'What will you sell your memory
for?' there would not be one who
would ibarter it. for ull the gold in the
Bank of England."- Mr. Lloyd Geirge,
at Cardiff. ;
The mere thought of war excites a
feeling of dread within mc, us if one
were speaking about sorcery or the Inquisition, or about something abominable, monstrous, against nature.
When we speak about cannibals, we
proudly smile, proclaiming our superiority to such suvagps. Hut who are
the true savages? Is it those who
fight in order Unit ihey may eat the
vanquished, or thoso who fight for
no other purpose tban to kill?
Great armies nre moved about like
flocks of sheep by butchers, and their
units arc destined to full upon some
field of combat with head? split open
by sabru strokes or hearts pierced by
bullets. They are composed of young
men, able to work, to produce, to be
of use. Their fathers are old and
poor. Tlieir mothers for twenty years
have loved and cherished tbem as
mothers alone arc capable of loving
and cherishing, perhaps to learn, after
si* months or a year, that their boys
—their darling children for whom they
have suffered so much and whom they
have so tenderly reared, have been
thrown like dogs into a ditch, where
they lie with bowels burst asunder
after having been trodden upon and
mutilitrd or made Into a shapeloss
mass of flesh by some cavalry rhatge.
"Why," asks the unfortunate mother,
"why have, tlfey murdered my child,
my darling son, my only hope, my
Iif} itself?" She does not understand,
but the auswer'is "War!" In o;ber
words, fighting, killing, cutting off of
beads, slaughter.   *   *   *
Yea * '* * anil at the present
time, in our own epoch, in spite of our
ally and easily a muss of men, poor,
unfortunate, innocent, charged with
the burden of families who need their
help and sustenance. But tbe most
amazing things is that no people have,
up to the present time, revolted
against such infamies.
Ah! we live under the -.veight of
the abominable ancient customs, the
faulty prejudices, the ferocious ideas,
which were the characteristics of our
barbarous   ancestors. We   remain
beasts, dominated by instincts which
nothing succeeds in modifying.
Alas! how'.we svould now mock were
it anyone else than Victor Hugo who
gave utterance to thc following:
"We are now beginning to recognize tbat armed force is but another
name for oppression and to bring It to
judgment before the tribunal of the
people. Civilization, listening to the
pleas of mankind, demands that the
genoruls, the conquerors, be arraigned
as criminals. The people are commencing to see tliat it does not diminish the guilt simply because a wrong
action is carried out on a grand scale,
that if to murder a single' individu;>l
is a crime, tlie mutdcr of a crowd pf
men does not e.vt^nuate the guilt, nnd
that if to steal is shameful, the =tvbit-
r.iry invasion of i rnuntry cannot bo
glorious. Yes, we but proclaim the
absolute truth, whei we sty that \;ar
is a disgrace "
. You m-i<- say lhat all this is but
petty resentment, poetical indignation,
and that the war spirit is always to be
honored. A certain clever leader ft
the war party, a genial murderer .replied to some peace delegates as fol-
lows: "War is sanctified, it is a divinely ordained institution; it is one
of the sacred laws of the world, to give
rise to all grand and noble sentiments;
honor, disinterestedness,' virtue, courage; in one word, it keeps mankind
from falling into the most deplorable
materialism."
Some thousands of-men come together, they march by day and night,
without response, without thought,
without learning, without reading.
Serving no useful purpose, they are
allowed to stink in their own nnclean-
ness, they lie in the mud like brutes,
their minds stupefied. Tbey plunder
cities, set fire to villages, ruin nations.
Upon meeting with a similar mass of
human flesh they attack it, causing
blood to flow In streams, and cover
the muddy, blood-filled earth with the
pieces of their dismembered bodies.
Mountains of dead bodies accumulate,
from which arms nud legs have been
torn and brains oozed out—of no value
to anyone; finally to be thrown Into a
hole in a corner of a field, while at
home parents, wives and children perish from hunger. Tills sijfriifies not to
fall into a most deplorable materialism.
.Men say tliey prize war because it
acts as a spur to tlieir energies. We
struggle against nature, against ignor-
"whoi'T^iviirzati6Tr~6fT61eirce71ir"spi!e'
of the increased diffusion of science, in
spite of all the philosophy which human genius can evolve, there yet ex-
1st schools for teaching the slaughter
ot human beings, how to kill scientific-
ince, against all sorb of obstacles in
order to make- our lies a little more
supportable. Philanthropists and
scientists spend their lives laboring,
searching for means to help and alleviate the lot of their brother men;
filled with enthusiasm for the common
good they work to make inventions, to
diffuse knowledge and lift mankind to
a higher plane. Every day they are
offering something new to mankind,
every day they enable their fatherlands to obtain some betterments,
more power. Then comes war. In
six months the generals have destroyed the fruits of twenty years of endeavor, of patience, of genius, but this
merely means not to fall into a most
deplorable materialism.
Ah! what do we see iu war that men
become brutes and fools? We see
them kill for the mere pleasure of
killing, causing terror Tor the mere
pleasure of demonstrating their rare
courage, and because right no longer
exists, because law is dead and all
notions of justice liave disappeared,
we sec innocent people shot to death
who are discovered walking on the
streets ami suspected of being enemies
merely because they show fear. We
sue men kill dogs chained to the doors
of their musters in order to try some
new kind of revolver; iwe see cattle
shot in tite fields and explosions of
different kinds of arms for simple ex-
sreise and amusement. All this but
signifies not to fall into a most deplorable materialism.
To, Invade a country, to cut the
throat of the man who but defends bis
home, to kill i.nother ii.aii'because he
dors- not wear the same kind of a
coat or haj on his head a different
sort of cap, to burn :he lodgings of
thc iio-".- mid miserable who do not
even have bread to eat, to destroy
furniture or steal  small, articles,  to
Harry 0. Willis, at the Grand this week
drink up the wine found in the cellars
and allow the rest to flow away, to
violate women ahd girls met on the
street, to reduce to cinders property
worth millions and leave behind them
misery and- the cholera; This but'
means not a fall into a most deplorable
materialism
Yet what have these war apostles
dc.no to show their intelligence? Nothing. What have :hvjy invented? Cannons and rifles, that is all. Was not
the inventor of the wheelbarrow, who
hit upon the simple and pras-Xcal idea
of adjusting a wheel between two
pieces of wood, of much more value to
mankind than all these Inventors of
Instruments of war?
What remains of ancient Greece?
Books, marbles. Was Grece great
because of its wars, or because of the
productions of its peaceful genius?
Did the invasion of Greece by the Persians prevent them from falling into a
most deplorable materialism? Was it
the invasion of the barbarians which
saved and, degenerated Rome? Did
Napoleon the First cause "to continue
tho great Intellectual movement iwhich
hail been Initialed by the philosophers
nt the ond of tbe previous century?
Now since the rulers arrogate to
themselves the right of life and death
over the people, is it any wonder that
the people themselves make use ot the
same right against rulers? They defend themselves, and thay are right in
so doing. No one has an absolute
right to govern another. The good
of nil should be the sole criterion of
.rule.
And the ruler of a country has tbe
same duty to avoid a war as the captain of a ship has to avoid shipwreck.
If any captain of a ship loses his ship
through his own fault, he is condemned for negligence and incapacity. Why
should wc not judge and condemn a
ruler who brings about a war?
The Purpose
of Socialism
By Carl I). Thompson
Socialists don't ask you to' "divide
up." They will stop the trust* making you divide up.
Socialists don't propose to destroy
priva'te property. They will give
every man that works all his labor
produces, and so guarantee you the
private »ro»erty_the„trustimrft- taking
away from you today.
Socialists do not teach free love nor
any' silly doctrine about ithe family.
That story was told about the Republican party also when that party
was young.    Socialists want child la
bor to cease, the father and husband
and the wife and mother to be protected. Socialism will save the home
and the family.
■Socialists do not fight religion or
the church. They say religion is a
private matter. But they contend
thit the teachings of Jesus can not be
lived under the present capitalist eys-
-teas.—-T*a*t-the-B©Iden-raiert*e"com^
m-and to ''love your neighbor as yourself" and the brotherhood of man can
only be realized under Socialism.
Socialism is an actual, practical,
mighty reality in the civilized world
today.    Eleven million men vote its
ticket. Thirty million intelligent
men and women are Socialists.
There are.840 Socialists in the national parliament (congresses) of the
world; 30,000 socialists in municipal
councils of the "world. What have
they done? ' • .
They have purified politics. J Although still in the , minority everywhere, they'have secured municipal
ownership in. a thousan-d cities; the
government ownership of railways' in
many countries; they have shortened
hours Qf labor; jtiey have forced old-
age pensions, sick benefits and acoi-
dent insurance for the masses in more
than a score of countries.
They have everywhere improved
schools, lessened child -labor and
•awakened' the social conscience of
the people.
They have advanced progressive
measures, stimulated progress and
raised a higher ideal of civic life.
Long before the Socialists become
a majority party they begin to effect
conditions for the better. It is not
the few Socialists elected that accomplish these results. It is the
growing Socialist sentiment behind
them, and, more particularly the growing Socialist vote that turns the tide.
. It was the tremendous growth of the
Socialist vote in Germany, in Belgium,
in France and elsewhere, both nationally and locally, that forced these
governments to make concessions and
enact progressive measures. So the
people do not need to wait for complete Socialist victories to ensure results. Socialists advance many measures that are so reasonable and just
that a very slight increase In the Socialist vote may force them through.
Socialism is a movement of tho mud-
era wage-working class. But it fights
for justice to all.
If the workers suffer, the small busi-
ANY DYSPEPTIC
CAN 6Ef WELL
By Taking "Fruit-a-tltes"
Says Capt. Swan
Life is very miserable- to -those who
suffer with Indigestion, Dyspepsia,
-Sour Stomach and Bilioipness. Thi* .
letter from CapUin Swan (one of the
beat known skippers on the Great
Lakes) tells how to get' quick relief
from Stomach Trouble.
Port Bur-weia, Ont., May 8th, 1913,
'•' "A man has a poor chance of living
and enjoying life when he cannot eat.
That" was what was wrong with me.
liosa of appetite and indigestion was .
brought on by Constipation. I have
had trouble with these diseases for
years. I lost • great deal of, flesh
and suffered constantly. For tlie last
couple of years, I have taken "Fruit-
a-tives" and have been to pleased with
the results that I have recommended
them on many occasions to friends and
acquaintances. I am sure that "Fruit-
a-tives" have helped me greatly. By
following the diet rules and taking
"Fruii-a-tives"accordingto direction!,
any person with Dyspepsia will get
beneSt"' H. SWAN
"Fruit-a-tive$"are sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box 6 for $2.50, or trial aba
25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of pric*
by Frutt-a-ttves Limited, Ottawa.
ness man and the professional classes
suffer, <too. If the masses are out of-.
work; if wages are low and the cost
of living high; if they suffer from the
effeots of child and cheap labor and
periodical business depressions, then ,
the interests of the business man and
of the professional, man suffer also.
Their safety lies in making common
cause with the workers in their struggle for socfal justice.
D? PRICES
CREAM
BAKING POWDER
A Pare Cream of Tartar Powder
Indispensable to best results—saves
worry—saves work—saves money-
saves health—saves complaints at table
s
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SANTALANDI
Suddaby's Rexall Store
The Fairyland Fop Children ■ Toys of Every Kind
Structural Steel Toys, Sleighs, Hockey Sticks, Pucks, Boxing Glomes, Bicycles,Toy Guns, Whios, Horns.
Drums, Clockwork TOys, Friction Toys, Footballs, Etc Etc. Dolls, DOll's Carriages, Tea Sets, Basiaett*
Cradles, Doll's Furniture, Doll's Cooking Ranges, Gamcss Xtudo, Fort Etc* Toy Books in great variety
m  Boy Scout and Indian Outfits, Electric Trains. '
Christmas  Tree Decorations
Tinsel,  Candles  Etc*
Decorative Paper Etc*
REAL CANDY
Neilson's Finest  Confections  and The
Choicest  Kitchen   Candy  Manufactured in
Canada
Discount on all
XMAS BOOKS
TOYS AND GIFTS
This offer is in force from Sat*
19th to Dec. 24th
*\
Edison and Victor
Phonographs and .
Records Etc.
At  Lilt  Price*  And on  Eaqr  Terms.
in and tee qi
OUI
GIFTS FOR LADIES S?^ T"*^* C^Maimwiji;   Sewing Sets,   Manicure seta,   Hne*. Perfbmes,
r   *    A   m- f      %k h b0S^ P^'&bound gift books, Latest popular fiction, Handbags, PurseJ
Candle sticks, Mirrors, Ivory & Ebony Brushes & Mirrors etc. Pullman Aprons etc.
GIFTS FOR MEN PP*** ^^^h"6 ^uS%^hS^t> Smoking Pipes andoutfits, Foun-
uii 1 tf 1 wu mui! ta,,, Pen8( Kodaks, Sets of Standard Works of Fiction, Wallets, Purses, Thermos Bottles
MAIL - ORDER - HOUSE   PRICES   WILL   PREVAIL   IN   ALL OUR DEPARTMENTS
By Purchasing in Town you save express charges and distribute your money in your (own where U is needed
S
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SANTALAND
tf
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■?■ •■vkinaMi'Wmi***^^*9 *
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THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 19,1914
We have the presents
you have been looking
for. Just call and l^t us
show them to you
CARVING SETS
NICKEL PLATE
GUT GLASS
TABLE CUTLERY
POCKET KNIVES
MANICURE SETS
SKATES
K's CURLING STONES
AU make charming gifts
It   is the  useful   gift
that is appreciated
.   most
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware  and   Furniture
Thone 37
FERNIE    -     B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages ror_tom"o"rrovPs~iJTeJiR~
fast.
CA'.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood Street
FERNIE, B. C.
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers £™E*
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor, Dealer
Dry Oootn. Oracerlea, Boots aad
Gents' Furnlabingi
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMBR, B.C.
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
■tinn
Why Shed Your Blood
Mr. Worker
elude the labor but only tbe actual
post of maintenance.—The Science and
Art of Mining.
By Michael iMonahan, in The Phoenix
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A, Macneil 8. Banwell
MACNEIL A BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Ete.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of   *
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
f. C. Law*
Alex.
F*sher
LAWE A FI8HER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
wmssfw
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft you* bill any item of lumber aot
'ouud lust as tie represented.   There
'.s no hocus pocub Id
This Lumber Business
When you \raat spruce we do not
ietid you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber' we don't Blip in a
tot of culls. Those who buy once (rom
is always come'again. Those who
nave not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't eft-
counter if they bought their lumber
nere.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
"— Dealers in — .
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot. P.O. Box tt,
Phone 23.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bur su(«plifMl wiUi tli-e bent Wiiicw
Liquors mul Cigar*
DINING   ROOM   IN OONKKCWffll
W MILLS,
Pnp
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
Beer
and
Porter
BottM Goods i Sptcfalty
*sfmmmsm*ms*
iMr. William J. Locke, -who has
written some trifling novels, publishes
a letter in the Pall Mall Gazette, appealing to the press "to awaken the
laboring population of Great- .-Britain
and Ireland from their ghastly apathy."
He declares that no 'patriotic man or
woman can have failed to stand aghast
at tlie inadequate Response to .Lord
Kitchener's summons to British mau-
hood. "One would have thought," he
goes on to say in a strain very reminiscent of Burke and excusable in the
stress of his agitation, "that at such
n trumpet call a million men had leaped x forth on the instant, eager to defend their country in its hour of need!
A million men, one would have thought
ibut now we have but a bare hundred
thousand— a meager hundred thousand."
Mr. Locke bitterly complains that
"the proJetsi-Jat has been' too long
trained by demagogues of the Keir
Hardie and Larkin type and the rest
of the scum of uneducated thought,
to put clasH above nationality. They
have been too long trained to believe
in the shibboleth of the "solidarity of
hibpr.'"   And he proceeds:
"You may declare the operatives,
the miners, the farm-hands, all the
trades, to be patriotic. So verily will
tliey declare themselves. Nightly will
tliey howl loyalty at music halls aud
picture theatres. On the news of -in
unimportant British victory bhey will
wave futile flags and hold facile revelry in the streets. Patriotism in a
way, yes. -Hut have they come forward to obey their country's call?
They have not. What is a hundred
thousand, men? What is a hundred
thousand men among the 22,000,000 of
li'iales in the British Isles? rThe manhood of our foes and friends has rallied in millions around the standard.
"I appeal to the press to drive home
Uie truth, to my fellow countrymen.
'•The hand of hunger is already
clutching at the throat of our laboring population. They will appeal for
help to charitable funds. Before he
claims, let each man think what in
the name of God and his country he
has done to deserve assistance."
The patriotic "urge" of this personally nonmllitant penmen doe.- Mm
infinite credit, of course, and it may
be allowed to condone che unnecessary
harshness of his expression.    But why
sired recruits hang back in England.
A jolly hard fight is no deterrent to
ICnglish pluck, but to be mussed up
like that!    :    : :    even "for all
we have and are," is just a bit too
much, don't you know.
-By the -bye, the best brains of
France—artists, poets, literary men—
are at tlie front fighting for their
couutry, while their English confreres,
like Kipling, Locke, Wells, et al, content themselves with writing letters
to the papers and contributing well-
paid articles to American magazines.
France is still dedicated to chivalry
and England to the main chance.
THE FEMALE OF THE SPECIES
ELECTRIC   SAFETY   LAMPS
should the laboring men of England—
tlie proletariat, as this phrase-maker
calls them with a fling of contempt-
why should they "enthuse" at the 'prospect of shedding their blood for the
empire? Arc they not always menaced by hunger in a land whose fatness
Ih reaped and gathered for the few?
Ih not thin the predestined and inevitable result of the British governing
system which by an unwritten law
both economic and ethical, tends always to depress the working classes
to n point or starvation? What has
Uie empire done for them? What poor
nre poorer than England's poor, enriched aS she ls by many subject peoples? Where Ib the laboring man more
hardly stinted in his wages? Where
in lie more absolutely the bond slave
nf» Hyatem both nodal and capitalistic
which grlndi him In the dirt? Is lt
fair*to expect red-blooded patriotism
from him—the degenerate descendant
or the lusty English yeoman who bo
bravely responded to King Harry'a elo-
quenco nt Harfleur? He, jjor devil,
ha* ni'ver bud the food or Die living,
or Uir* outlook on life to get lilm it
soul; aud patriotism is, above all a
spiritual possession. His life li indeed
worth little to him but surely it I* not
surprising that stunted as he Ih tn
mind and body by excessive and premature labor, he should lack the
courufU! to throw It away. I suspect
ho will not be much encouraged to do
so by th« "appeal" of Mr. William J.
Loike, a document which seems to me
rank with class feeling And chock-full
or bitter provocation to the "proletar*
lat."
Another UiiiiR, which .Mr. Incite
tuny not have thought of In Mn pus-
slonate appeal to the sluggish jkuHm*
lam of the commonalty: War nowa-
ilny* l» largwly waxed by machinery,
and the effect upon human rombatant*
It of a ncrambled omelette description
On the 31st ult a lecture was given
by Mr. W. Maurice, F. G. S., at the
meeting of the Warwickshire and
South Staffs, branch of the Association
of Mining Electrical Engineers. Mr.
..Maurice's lecture was on the 'vMaln-
tenauce of Miners' Electric Safety
Lamps, and in his introduction-he said
it was quite impossible to manage electric lamps successfully unless one
started out with the necessary facilities, and the development of the use
of such lamps at collieries was very
considerably handicapped by the fact
that in many cases the iratallation was
not of sufficient extent to warrant the
provision of a special building: even
when a fairly substantial number of
lamps were called for they were very
often met with the proposal that m
attempt should be made to utilise existing buildings, either an old lamp
cabin or some other room. He was
quite sure that the use of electric
lamps .would make much better progress, and would give more satisfaction iat collieries, if it were realized at
the outset that something was being
attempted which had never been done
before, and which thererore required
Hew apparatus and new methods. (The
operation was not Quite of the order of
merely going into a shop and buying
lamps, to be handed over to any sort
of Incompetent indivldaul, in the hope
Unit they would turn out all right.
The management of electric lamps called for a good deal of skill, and in
any case it' technical skill and knowledge were not available, some judgment and common sense as well as
natural aptltui'e was required, and on
the whole more than was required for
the management of an oil-lamn room..
A very common practice in the past, if
not an actual custom, was to. regard
the lamp room as a place where a
"compensation" man, or anyone who
was incapable of doing any other work,
could. Ibe employed. It was not the
slightest use setting on a compensation man to manage electric lamps,
unless, of course, he had some native
capacity for such work. In the first
place electric lampR Involved considerably more outlay than oil lamps, and
in the second place the treatment of a
storage' battery had always been a
specialized branch of electrical work,
While lie would not say that the management of electrical lamps called for
the Hupprvisiou of a storage-battery
expert, lt certainly did call for the
supervision of an electrician who had
knowledge of storage-battery engineering. Generally -speaking, the colliery
electrician had adequate knowledge,
iiiid lie would venture to suggest for
the consideration of the colliery owners that the ele-trk-lamp cabin was
a proper depart* ent *to come under
the supervision of tho electrician. ' lie
did not Nuggest that that official
Hhould have to carry on tbe lamp cabin or to clean nnd repair the batteries,
hut hn should hare the authority to
Kocuro that the batteries and the
lamps properly cared for and not in.
Jured by unskilful handling. Thay
of I en heard complaints about electric
tamps being very expensive to maintain. But If tbey went to the trouble
lo IuvcsUkuUi those complaints he
ihmitrlit It would be found In every
case where thero were complaints of
excessive cost tltnt the batteries bad
not been mnn'tged properly. It might
safely be said that ir any given lamp
Installation—*ay of 500 lamps—wss
costing more thai; :id. to <d. per weetf
for each lamp, there w»» room for
some Improvement either In the design
of the lamp* or in the management or
Attention, mothers, wives and daughters! Over in Europe half a do7ea
nations are at war; men and mere
■boys are" slaughtering each other by
thousands—husbands, fathers, sweethearts aud sons belonging to some-
looms largely.in the film now showing. -With a view of possibly more
wars in the future it has sat in solemn
conclavp, and one ecclesiastical divine
(an English archbishop) has strongly
recommended that all the clergy reduce the marriage fees so that marriage may be popular again. He haa
even appealed to the government that
the stamp duly on certificates to the
cost "of $2.50 be waived so that Uie
women will marry and bear children
to sustain the race and again provide
the nation with men to be shot and
maimed and killed when the ">wa»
lcrd.s" again see fit to start legalized
wholesale murder of hundreds of thousands of their subjects—palled war—
again.
Splendid! Women, the female of
the human species—here you come In
the picture, nnd mighty useful you
have been and will be. You had uo
voice in making war, you had little
but sympathy given you when your
loved ones were killed, or sent home
wrecks, human wrecks; returned to
tries had no voice In calling. Without asking their permission, their
sous, husbands and fathers nave oeen
ordered to the front to be made food
for cannon. Very fine, indeed. Tnte
women were ignored. But the scene
changes.
■The church now gets into the picture—it's never been out of it, in fact,
with its praying for success oP the individual armies and again praying for
peace in its inconsistency—but it
Hon of the kings, czars, emperors and
wnr lords. You have read of the horrors of war, this war in particular, a
.war which the women of those coun-
body's mothers, daughters and wives—
r.ordering each other at the instiga-
you in many cases only to be a burden.
But now your time has come -when you
are needed. .We call your attention
to a story on the woman's page by
Emile Zola and ask how you would
like to send your loved ones io be
tortured like that, then for a representative of the church to tell you
your duty is to provide the material—
the human element—for another such
reign of murder as now exists ih Europe. That's Christianity. Nearly
time the "femalp of the species" had a
voice In tlie matter, eh? Some day
ohe^vHiranu-win^triiter^ti1kFT._Di-SW"
that will stagger humanity, and assert
her rights In the world; then the
chances of war will be very remote,
indeed, an-d Godspeed the day.—Ex.
-nol nice, poetic or romantic in any;them,    tit course, a good d»ai would
sense, and asking to be covered up ss
woon ns possible.    So wonder the At*
depend on the number of lump*, and
in quoting such fignrwp he did not in-
our infantry fire. Now we know that
doiible loop has its own tell-tale sig-
iificance, and means early trouble for.
Infantry.
y^Beside us, as we crawl up, snuffing
the line with oar guns like dogs on a
scent, the grim trainloads of wounded
wai' ouudlessly in sidings. Further
up, the lines of ambulances are running slowly back. The bullets of
machine guns begin to rattle on our
armor coat. Like dogs on a hot scent
the guns lift their noses and bay; we
are racing view.
"Now and again there is a shout
from a machine gun car roaring
through the lanes. The stormy petrelfc
ot this war have been known to rush
in ihead, alone, upon a whole battalion ci Germans and sweep them from
wood or ambuscade, Not only/once
has a single car swept past in front
of a large body of British troops and
saved them, by furious pace and deadly fire, from being cut off and destroyed by a German force -in ambush.
"Shells we learn to disregard, but
tli" machine gun is master of this nur.
"Now we are near the river; ■». fiat
country, a farm or two and faenry
chimneys; a slight fall of laud, with
a rise to the river. The territory ia
scarred and mazed with trenches, ins-
pcrsible to say at first who Is In them
or who occupies any of th3 home-
s*teach near; so accidental and separate are the fortunes of this rlverbank
battle..
"Onl> a narrow river between. On
tlii f,s."de our raised bank an-i trench.
cr. thai side theirs. A head raised, a
!;and exposed for an .instant, and u
ii.tn 'sinks forward- or slips down.
Quick as they fall they are dragged
buck till the pile waiting fo~ the
stretcher seems inconceivable. Otn^r:-,
coine up thc line and take their place;
in llu? nerve-shattering round and
ju'lkci.'p of death it seems almost as
Inconceivable that m^i can be found
to do it. But there te never i pause"
—\. V  Call.
. --rv.
Direct^=ok
mt
A judge used to be fond of 'cei..r.^
t"ii? siory of a most amusia.^ experience   wliich   he'declared   reaJ;..-   .jup-
P«,1C'1.
' "I was," lie used to say, "down in
Cork County holding assizes. On the
first day, when the jury came in, the
officer of the court said, 'Ginrlemea
uv the jury, ye'll take your accus'.om-
ed places, if ye plaze.' Ant', may I
never tell another if ilw.- di:ln"t all
walk into the dock."
When Abraham' Lincoln faced the
question of chattel slavery in the south
he decided for humanity, and his name
is written liis'h among the few world
figures of KreatH£S&J_WMu_^*aQilr*avK.
i\
List of Locals District 18
Namo In. and p. o. Attest
WWW Aak M**t W», Umbo, Tatw. Alia.    ,
RonMiMd.....- ,,f. Whsatler, Raalrtwad. Alta,
nmmt Ctoob ...J. Loagkraa. Beaver Creek, via Pincher, Alt*.
Uoitotm.. Jinaten tmtnth bon U, tmowno, Alt*.
maimer* W», Arefctr, Mairnort, Alto.
Uarmis..,.. T. a. lltnitn. ftwtaii. Ala,
CarlKMMtelt..* t.i* MUcbtil. Cwbondsls, CoImmb, Mu.
Vnomwrt Uk'bnol U'sr-ren. Veeetore, Mm.
OffkMMHI...... ......,,*i. Jooom**, -UOtOMB, Alta. -  ' " -
GofMs.*,,,,.».*..*.*». R. Gttwwtt Coram, n, C<
Cktanli Mists -J. nnno, Cbtaook ulnae Commerca, Alto
ratttt... .H»» ispMll. Vonlo, a e
Tmb  ....ttrnn Mofput, tank, AJta.
HiHcraat. Mack ftUfltr, Hllkrtat, Alto.
UrtMMMftt * * • - L mm*, tm tmm arena*, H. hmbtttw*
tmmntm OalUartoa... .rnuJt Rarrtotfwm. Coaihom, Alto.
Map)* tml        .Tn MiifTtM, Pnnwbnrt. Alt*
 HWb*ri Burt, ttlmti, B. tr.
...T.G. Harriet. Paaaban. AMa.
tm OftftWtfwa, OMMMWt...MM IftuSar, Gwrtatova. OaaaMV*. AMa.
)«n  Itrataaa Mlfwa ...Harry MeWeaaa, Ma-Haw, vtt ttottty Wlwobb
ate —   .    .
Nt.
it;
m
oi
411
11M
»(>
tin
isr
ffflffl
Uii
lit*
ItH
itn
l«M
m
im
tm
m*
mt
/*tCtf#t*#.% .
• &*~,n
........
Sin] Dan atttu Grand UUa waak
BELGIAN   ARMORED TRAIN ~
DISTRIBUTES DEATH AT
.    . 3IXTY MILES AN HOUR
A slow crawl up the approach to a
bridge in an armored train, a Bight of
the enemy, the ripple and roar of machine guns and light, artillery, n
glimpse through the smoke-laden atmosphere of a dozen Tnubes aero-
pnlnes hovering over all, a gigantic
blast and the bridge dlsapears in
smoke, wrecked by dynamite, a shell,
a mine—wbo knows?
That ls tho daily, almost hourly, experience of those daring Belgian raiders who are harassing the Germans at
every tjjrn, exacting vengeance for the
devastation or their country by the
Invader. Frequently they wipe out
whole batalllons, dashing along at sixty miles an hour.
rnrlvalled are the stories or the
bravery of these bands who man the
famous armored trains of the Belgians.
Whatever the ramous war automobiles
or the little nation have done to slau-
jghter patrols, outposts nnd small units
or the roe, has been multiplied several
times by the havoc wroght by the railroad fighters.
Undergoing twice the risk or tbe
ordinary soldier, these intrepid war-
riom venture forth dally almost Into
tb* encmy'M Hum, thp !! inpli rifle* of
their steel gondolas sending death to
scores, Heavy artillery Is Rliwd nt
them, but In the clouds of smoke the
train speeds on. Hushing reinforcements to threatwied outposts Ir an
other use to which the trains are put.
At Calais, France, a wounded British orricer. one or the many HngllKt.-
men assisting the Belgians in handling
their trains, told mo graphically mi*'.
tlif raiders work.
"Day tiltur day oui men pu*h out
m; tbem. tlaiigwrous «-)rplor4tloii|. »*•
tacked by shell, In dsnxcr or  •»•«»*•
■tlm, In tSanger ol dynamite, of am->
| bu*otd<>, bringing support to th* <
threatened Urn's," this offlr#r told i:»e. j
"As* ve nftproiiflt a river, inid-cr j
shell live, the iw is tracking with thin
raimtiuit Ihunder of nur Mini* on Iwird. *
rlKht, left, ahwi," he continue*!,   "ll;
it* muiikmiii un- wiiKi** tnrougH «:titti,j
','."' )':,* tJUJ..*, ,.JJi  ix   -tttitftt, Kl   tte »   ui |
.Hit trull uuinHtr* 1-1**1 iht tern t-an
I maintain acalast Hw tr*tntAt t.m any «-».»
| pilon but straight ahead. ;
|    "t-u-rbi-md   pa»«ff    th"    i <»r;tl!.u.,!
A.itiv*> a»->   <ttk.uK* *t*  «ttt>»« MA* |ill>|W-}
tile; rrom the memy; from our own]
flank -irons   firing,   rrom   onr  own
! ships-raking th«< countrj diagonally
shove onr hesd*.     Ov^rtwad, again,'
Uvery now and tbrn, tin- whirl and
I moan of th* rival nfronlnn**, ntmoa* '
I disregarded now to the R*n*ral pre*-;
I'MW  Of  {Wil
I    "Tlm    uiri"    vl    llion*    airmeaJ i
iTb-nWah tb* Nil or Iron, thc green'
jfotMmffs of *%bio4inn shells u, get
'one ttmil t*ci o> information!     w*
•mmI to !<?**>»: wjww th* 'town tto* !i*ftpr*";
' ot Ibe i!i*«j"!'"< tt<r*r},t»,4 •**■ ,i bar**'
IbtttOtl j '  " "' tminultrii drttsnre fn
Wilson faced the question of wage
slavery In Colorado he decided in the
exactly opposite way. Where will
his name be written?
The high cost of living ls Kept afloat
by inHated prices generated by the
desire for profits.
■Capitalism  establishes exploitation
Only SoclallHm  can enta-bUsh  Justice!?
and righteousness.
INDEPENDENT ORDEB
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets   every    Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In'Kc P. „|
Hall. '-:■
Noble Grand, J. T. Puo^ejr    «'
Secretary, J. B, Molklejohn.
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NOV20 /
meets   first   aind   third
Thursdays in .month, -ttt, 8 ]».
m., in K. P. Hall,   v    -.. -*. -
A. MINTON, N. C!., <>;■-•*,]
v S. TOWNSBND, R, Sec. ^']
ANCIENT ORDER OF-
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello'e Hull, second and third Monday? vin
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fern-ie, Box 657.
N*N*''-**^**V>**''*^-**-^**'^*-'*%*-*'-^S*-.VS**'*%*-»\*-'^**'*%*^*-^ .
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIA?
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30 <
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K  of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madieon.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets  evory    Monday   atv
7:30 p. m., Sn K.-of P. Hall.
Dictator, V. H. Newnham^,
Secretary, G. Moses.    '
140 Howland, Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets in the K. P.. H^ll
second and fourth Friday of
ea<*h month at 8 p. m.
,\1 KS. J. BROOKS, W. M.
w. Olllt, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Mall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
It. CRIOH.TON. W.. M.
J. SKILLING. Rec. Sec.
;4$
i ■ -'M'tsti
*9\Ai
Vwft%i
#
■-**?$r:
Beware bi Ointments for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury^ '.,-
as tnorcurj- will nm'Ij-ili'ntruy liio iMWHt of-und!*
ami coini'l't! ly tli-rutijn- ti.f wljilc MKlt'tu tubva
«utfrlnir li tlimuiih tin- mui-oiln tmrfucvK.- Haeh
u.-tlclni itnuuUt iii'Vrr U' ntfil I'XCfrlit ou tirncrlp-
tlniiH fMut niiutuljli- i lty»lrlni», a* the dimaftt
tliey will Ua In ten Sn'.il (u>'.M! uocXl you cnn )k*-
t.lbly di-rlvi- lr.»m llii.m. "Hull's:P»U»rU Curt.',
umnufii'-tiiri'il l>y V. J. Mifiwr It IX*.. Toledo. «.,
■ uutaliiK io iiii'ri'iiry, i iiii in taifn Inlrrnoliy,
scCIiik tlirri-tly umni tlif MmA .i.U'1 Imu-OUH »u^
fsci'u <if tlie \v«H'tii. lii IhivIim Ilnirx ritcrli
Cure lu< mire >im ici't tin* v^i'lll'1'' It I* tult'n
lit<-rn:ill.v anil iimili. In T*'l<iM.-<llilo. I>r V. J.
-t'ln'iii'j- *c ('".    Ti'Mlmmilrlii ')■«•.
Suiil liy  IliilKnljit*.    I'rl.-f. 7.1c. fiT br'tle.
Takti Uull'ii rmully  I'rl' (ur cuimtlDatlon
m
mmi
The only poMKibbi snvfor of the people is tin' oducntlon of tli» people.
#MMs Gun
OUICKLY  STOPS COUOHB. CUBCO COtO»,.
nUUM THK THHwAT MO I UNO*. 8B Ck*n» '
i.-jhH
*
Parasites.
The man who makes hia living in a community
by leiline hia aervicea or hia merchandise to tbe
people of that community, and atnda hit money
away to a mail order house, is a paraiite. He ia a
blood sucker that takes everything and gives
nothing.
That is a iftry straightforward statement of the
case, but it expresses a plain fact. Our neighbors
who help support our churches and schools, art
entitled to our patronage in anything like equal
terms, and a perusal of the advertising columna of
this paper will prove conclusively that it is not
necessary to send elsewhere for any staple com*
modity,
11* *<ii i
'*• 7$rr:$ f
-%m
ti r»swroi
"W^
Great Northern Railway
is (tffi'i'itijr i'X|iei'i;i!fy iiftriicfivV i'ihiihI iiiji  J'uv,"* tmm
K<ruit; In ili'Klinntion* in  New   linuikuiiK. X*»v« Kent in.
....... . ,,,,,'t i^in ut**,  .%*m*   lollMHM    .11..   IKiMoll,   Mt*ti ,
»mi' ''iv v...■?.-, .■'.! .■■j'.. ih. n.i:.i.,j .s«*	
TlckeU for »Uara ship to all Xuropean points can be
secured st depot     	
Direct connections at Roxford for East St West
You will e**y>y ill tht tomttm of wok modern railroad equip-
Ment.   Courteous not •ffiiient fmp:o)»-» mil npke your erls
••fert purchasing steams Hp
tirhata, let «s talk n aver.
i?
t-tir luntnnr tetermatten apply ta
J.ltOOLlt Agmnt
ba* 4SI FWrnCMC. tbatta IS I
Mm
"•  *|
-***!.«
ff  '
,#« |
19    %
I* THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.O., DECEMBER 19,1914
wn*
%"■■    X, '
■ . VI •» *
.*•
Ladies
Shoe
Dept.
A Page of Good Suggestions and wonderful values for Christmas Shoppers
who wish to make gifts that are
useful & pleasing to recipients
We, liave a great variety of ladies and children's
Kelt Slippers, in all colors and styles lo choose from.
We are putting out a spocial bargain table of
Ladies ^Slippers in all styles, for a week-end special
at the low price of *f»l-00 pair.
■>      These comprise Kelt, Cloth, Leather and Moccasin
stye's.-    All new and up to date goods.
;. ,:.We have a full line of Ladies' Moccasins and
.Snp^fthoes.     Smaller sizes in Snow Shoes for boys
:• ^juyj^irls. ( ,
,   '- '^budies' and boys' Hockey Hoots with Skates at-
.     tlieh&L-
- We'carry a largo variety of spring and Hockey
'Skates in ladies1 children's_aiid-bo_YS.i =	
Xmas Suggestions in
Footwear
Men's riir-lini'd Slippers at $2.75 and $3.00
•    Men's wool-lined Slippers nt . .. .$1.75 and $2.00
Men's I5l;i"k and Tun Opera Leather Slippers,
froni .• $1.75 to $3.00
Men's Ulack and Tan Klastie-side Slippi-is.
from $2.25 to S3 CO
Men's All-wool Slippers, with leather-.'ovivd
Solon, from  3-JC to 2.00
.Iiieger wool-liiii'd. brown leather Slippers. ?3.E0
Men's black Mini bn-wo Hockey Hoots. from $3,00
to $5.00.v
Men's Morley Hoots with Shales attached; a
good, Ktroiii? !'iid ""I \ ici-abic (Mi: ("il ;it. £3.00
Men's Hockey SKales. from $1.25 to $-5.00
Men's Sprite,' Shilc«. ai  "He.
Alen's Jlo-kev Sticks, from 25c. to 90c each'
• Men's Si-uw Sho.",. from  .$4.00 to $7.00
;■- -Christines Specials
in Groceries
TOYLAND
(Second Floor)
EXCEPTIONAL VALUES IN TEDDY BEARS
These are extra strong, well-stuffed and jointed,
and they GROWL.
Regular .i-2.f)0 value for	
Regular $2.00 value for	
Regular $1.7-5 value for	
Regular .^150 value for ,
$1.75
$1.50
$1.35
$1.25
DOLLS
Pretty Dolls, well dressed,
very strongly jointed and
go to sleep. Regular A1.2."».
Xmas special  *U5c.
SUN-BONNET SUE
The cutest little doll you
ever saw. It is nicely dressed and has unbreakable
head.     Special $1.00
KantJy Kid Junior
< J ills -   In   si reel   dress,
with biv. n  underwear, itni-
t.'ilioii shoes and sloekimrs.
TOYLAND
A list of Toys that will delight the little ones
and nvery item reduced in price for Christinas
week.
A collection of toys that cannot be seen in any
other store in town, while the prices will compare
favorably with the big catalogue liQuses.
Steam   Engines,   Boxes   of
_]3nt>>iii-.^NlAnJ>J>n.J_A.._iUL r-i.*..,.,.,.,	
—a-Mi n l-Oj- t-l \Tn ll-71—TVITIVTV—J^l"UlU7-*t~
Trains or Trucks, Drawing
Slates, Guns and Swords.
Horns, Cannons. Christnii'S
Stockings, Building Blocks.
Toy Dishes. Doll's Carriages.
Christmas Tree Decorations,
Musical Toys, Modelits, Games
of all kinds, Magic Lanterns.
Tool Sets, Toy Horses and
"Wagons. Toy Furniture. Play
Suits (Indian and Cowbov)
Toy Wulehcs. Toy Washing
sets, Slorekeeper sets, Toy
Trunks, Child's Chairs,
per   !!>,.
,35
1,00
fii
niiey's Torn
Mixed Nut*',
Mixed Candy, 2 >h.> • .,       .*.•
.Mixed Cream*. 2 lbs. .     .35
Mixed Clmeuljilu Creams, per ib 35
Moir'- F-M-.-y -"bo-- •  < ■ ' v,*:,..,*,   ;«>r !b .50
Fancy Host's Chocolates, per box .' 25c. to$3.00
KVmey Table Ki"*. per li. 15c. 20c. and 25c,
flotft«ti Dittox. 2 llw 25
Table RasiiiK, p.v lb,  .20c. 25c. and 35c.
Kiujiernr tlruni's, 'Jt Wn      .45
California Navel Orange**, por do/. 20c„ 2Bc, 35c. 40o
■ * BOc. and 60c.
California Navel Ora une*, per half e.i*e,.. 2.00
Mkanngati Wiiiesup .Apples, 4 lbs. 25
Okiiiuignn \Vinesii|i Applet, per box .. 2.CO
HanatiH*, per do/       40
Celery.  1 IU 23
IVIwr.v. -». lb*. .   • 23
Cri»p Lettuce, |i,.< lb 30
Cranberi o », per 'b, ,     .16
Sweet l'".{itni>s, 1 \i>* ,.       , 25
I'nmiipA. 10 llw. 25
Wngataff'* Grape Jni<-e. quart* 60
gmitll'ft I'nfei'iiieiiJed Port Wine  100
Fruit t'<»■*«•, pvi' lb      .30
l-*f*»»«!i Kw, iter t\iir. 56
Wild How* Honey. 2«... Ih. mr .86
ti, mnt tt. titti * tirrmn .U-xiy. i it*, gii«** ......    .iii)
o mntum* whi
Useful Christmas Gifts in our Men's
and Boys' Department
In the Men's Department you will fiiul many -giit
suggestions of interest. Sensible things that ara appreciated by men.
Silk Mufflers', in new designs
Benuliful Neckwear in Kniiey Boxes »
Silk Suspenders in fan.-y boxes
Kine 1'iti'e Wnnl Cashmere S'ox
Kitted Club Pairs
'Innihs of all kinds
Initialed HiMKlhiMvliiefH in Linen and Silk
Kilk Armbands in fit uev hoses
I'm' Colin*)it in lb-aver, Marmot, Muskrat
Mocha tflovex—si»l(, fur or wool lined
Kitted Suit Ciisch,     Telescopes.
Toe,    ('brivi in,",  \\ ei-k       IJOf,
1 Bov's Sweiter Ci.iMk *,..',  81,75
Mui-lia Gloves  $1.C0
')%    Wool .Mii!s       M
V\ Leal her Mills      '.,15
^/      Boys' tvvo-pieee Blooiiler  Suits,   i»t
spivial price Sal urday     $4.50
Boys' Klaiiiiel   Shirts,   with   lounire
colla i*, Spueial Saturday nt, ...   $1.00
MUFFLES SPECIAL
Men's  AH-wnol  Muffler   ehe«t   -md
ueek protectors; regular value* up to
Ready - to-Wear Dept.
Xmas Suggestions
This is the year when people are selecting useful
and practical gifts. Why not a setof furs, blouse,
kimona, or sweater?
25 p. c, off
w
Wt will have our usual wtll MlecUd slock
of Ohriitmai poultry. Meat will bt low. Set
«i« l*i*fi**rf> -ril-xftx-ttrt ytrtne firrt*»r» «i!ti»w!i»-*n»
Ont FJowm and PUnU will alio U on dlt-
play in onr gr»-«7 department on tbt 23rd
and 24th of December.
Furniture Dept.
Folilitiyr Card Table*, irrcen bitize top, utahoirany
and finned oak rim ainl Iik-v     An ideal gift.
Special      $4,60
Motrin riuiir, polden on It. jfreen velour iiplinbfcr-
ing. spnttK Hoat  $11.00
Coiieh Covets }o,«or)e«l patterim ami color* lletf-
nbir. mm and *:i.flii $245
Tnjwutry Curtain*, jireenn, rmh and browna, per
pair $3 GO, $5.00, $600 and np.
Stvviu« or Numng Itoekern. iiamwooU, fiuiitluHl
tfoldeii, wilh shaped sent and hack, Very stronjr.
Ue tri dar #l.i.'», wt $1.35
.Him   itm mit, K«'n«< n *i,*n.  ten  mnt,  iii|(li  i»h<:«i,
a a ■.,,i.t.ii,.\h. _ ii^iAi'llAK*; UM
I,.olii ■»" sviit-itiii*.*., in j,'.ild.,i< unli i.r mrtliojfjiio,
b«rpii> tir* writSttiB IkmI. ulrawifr anil lunik »b4f,
Kegitlar ♦»».«>. at $16.00
GriisK Chittrn. elone woven baek. bniepil anna.
* i»>uutrti  -e*>Atn. -** ,b*J**
IkHlmntn tahlMi, in Kmpin- imk, tup 20 by 27. one
ilrawpr.    K«inilar WM at $800
BOOKS
A book i* ona of th« moat acceptable gjft« to give
a boy nr a (tirl.
Eerie Books
This Is. a book written upeeiully for (rirl*. Stroiiifly
bound and ek»«« tyjw. (loo 1, whim-some readmit
and vt»ry fts»frii<,»Jv<».    Speoial   3flc.
Btyi'Booki
lit «xtra atroog bindmjr and ?l«»r type.   These
are liy the Iwat lioy'a atithom ami tt"*t niwlv film*
trntp,\.    Mnhj^rf: Mpnrt«, atlwnturc, war, liwteiy,
rt*.    Special (fflo,
Obrirtraaa Oarda
We liavi» « »fit«mH«l awtortment of tlti»«<» In htxth
ooxin mihI Mpnnit<>.
I'lHwa rnutte from ....... ,2 for 5o. to SUB bOI
Prt!noln t lirii»liii«« €«i%Iji,   SjH-i-iiil . .0 for 36o.
m, TOYS
A »•*»»*■*. t*M* i-HUMW *t*titl tlttvu, l«» M.|m.l inoti, Hl»"
rlmlinff trampda, teddy Warn, whips, nainta, m*-
ehanicnl <oyi, drama, ffnme*. picture Wocka, ete.
ssssx
MM
We have in stock somo beautiful pieces of. fur—
^..„..~,—nn,VTr-rfK>t~ininn»ni^—oiiTJii;-^^^"orrtprs^—Jill
with 25 per cent off the rogular price.
Blouses
A full line of ladies' silk and crepe de chone
blouses in all shades.     Made in the latest stylus.
Sizes: 34 t o 42.     Prices from $2.-15 to $8 60
Kimonas
Ladies' Kimonas in floral design blanket cloth;
some in eiderdown and others in Kreiieh delaitio.
Beautiiiilly trimmed wilh satin bands. In all sizes.
Prices from , $3.50 to $10.00
Sweaters
hadhs' Sweaters in all colors/ u ith high or roll
collars; in J'nm-y or plain mannish weave. Sizos:
3fi to 11.    Prices from $2.25 to $10.00
Dainty  Handkerchiefs
Make   a   most   useful
and acceptable pift for
ladies.     We,  are  now
.,*•,-. •     ^showinjr  the  best ami
'largest assortment of
Handkerchiefs <• v 0 r
shown in this city, They
• oiiio i„ Jlcnistitchelr
and lace-edge, and "aro'
prettily embroidered,
Tliriv UamlWivhicfH in n dainty gift liox} lace-
edge and eiuhi'oidi red, , Special, per box .. .,$1.00
A .special line, heiiislitched, linen l«\vu, embroid-
erett 111 one eornef.   Christmas week only 2 for 25c
Six naiidkereliiefs in pretty box; hetiwtiteluni
and embroidered in one corner. Pure Irish Liiien.
Per box , ,  ji25
Old* big lot of LadjwC Linen Handkerchiefm. Hem.
stilehed.    !iiee-ed«,'e    and    embroidered       Viuv'T-d
■P"1'0 3Bc each, or 3 for>1.00
Ladies' Silk Scarves
Iu an extra heavy qnaMy, 46 inehes long, with
frmgfd ends,     Come in pink, akv, wltiti». ehattt-
pii&tio, ete.    Special  ^,35
25 ftt Cent Off Leather (foods
Thii apodal offer include* our extensive atoek of
MdiM and Rimta ilrenaing omen, travellinff eomf>an-
iona, liriiih and comb aeta, nuinienre acta (in «»ltony,
French itrory ami ailver).
Ohriitrcai week Sp«Ul 25 p,c. Diicount
At Half Price
All wtrgrtntirtoejroflBnunwnn In the nawnt
|ttt«rai wfll bt fold Ohrirtnuu troth at HALT
0«r fmmeitt.it afnHr nf ^^ ;u,* w fo^. '„
Hardwaw Heiiaf1int»nt. Make your hay km*'
with one of theae heahh-irivinf tttft, r'
Ontltry, lilrtrwar^ Out Obut and China
T,       .,*.,.?   1        1       1       • t,*     •
•A«*-*,i*,'V*-,*"*i'«''» »»♦»>*'» *♦■*»»«* vum»m*i,*warn*. ■ ■ Uo noi
fail In irwH onr herdwaw denartment before jm
deoide what lo buy. Tlm gift mffeationa tro no
numerous here yon will tie anre to n*e amnetlilnt
yon want. *
m^mnmmmmmmnm*m**mm*iimm*mw*^
The Store of |
Quality
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Money Sw*
tof Prtcet
*mK*tmm»
J(fU|^fti>   l##W JfjlV***'*"**''    W» I'll WW1 "I*  ■tt'"'""   ■     ' ■"   •'""— "  ■" "-        '      " •■■■99., r-.   .
«^%WMMM-«w««iiw>mwn t

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