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The District Ledger 1915-04-03

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 ^C^5Pp|ViT' **''
Indostrial Unity la Strength
\   %.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 32, Vol. VIII,
Slashing Attack
Made By Vorwaerts
Article in Sociallat Paper That Germans Were Not Allowed to Read
LAUSANNE, March 27.—In -sharp
contrast to the official and other declarations that Germany has but one
mind one will, and one object, comet)
the authentic voice of four millions ot
borman voters as expressed ln a suppressed article ot the -Berlin Socialist
paper Vorwaerts.
The article was written—and printed—but the issue was confiscated. It
is difficult to believe that the directors
of tho Vorwaerts could have entertained any doubt as to^<s fate, but probably they wished to place on record
that they had kept their heads in the
sti rm.
The following is a translation of the
suppressed article:
"Man does not display all hi3
strength and all his weaknesses save
in exceptional situations. On tho day
of battle certain giants fall, like rotten
tress before the tempest. The pe<n.leB
like individuals,. reveal In times of
crisis their hidden virtues or -.'.leir unknown fallings.
"Tho present crisis is terrible. . . .
it shows us that the German people is
stricken with a malady which, in the
end, may prove fatal; and tbls malady
Russians, but that we are ull men, that
all the peoples are of the same blood
and. that they have no right to kill oue
another, but that they ought to '.ovo
and help one another. Such Ib Christian, humane conduct. Man doos not
lelong to one nation only; he belongs
to Humanity."—Victoria Times.
(Let tbe reader take the advice not
to look for the mote in his neighbors
oye—and by his "neighbor" we'1 mean
his German brother—but ratlin tp
pluck tho beam irom out his own. ?:>r
what purpose does he presume the
daily papers are publishing this
"story"? To prove the justness of
the Socialists' contention?     Not by a
d  sight, but rather to prove the
righteousness of the Allies cause!
If WHS wrote as the Vorwaerts our
articles would be unpatriotic, treasonable; on the parts of our adverserles
—Vorwaerts—it, Is heroic!" Do you
get It?)
OTTAWA, March 28.—Hon. W. T.
White yesterday morning tabled in
the Commons supplementary estimates totalling $4,364,541, Of this
$50,000 is for the relief of sufferers
ln the Hlllcrest, Alberta, mine disaster.
On Sunday evening next, at & p.m.
Comrade Tom Connor will open tiie
campaign for the Socialist pany In
tbe Socialist Hall on Pellatt Avei.uo.
The annual May Day Dan?e will be
hold on Friday. April 30th The committee decided to hold the danca on
Friday as the lst of May comes on
Saturday. "
Easter Sunday, 11 a.m., "The Easter Certainty," special music, anthem,
and solo; 7.30 p.m., there will be a full
musical service at which the following programme will be rendered;
anthem, '^Christ Our Passover," solo,
"My Loved One Rest," Miss.F. Baker,
anthem "Consider the Lilies," quartette "Lead Kindly Light," 'Miss Dicken,
Miss Woodhouse, iMessrs. Quinney and
[J. S. Dicken; solo and chour, "It is
Several  important amendments to i Jesus," .Miss iMunkwltz; anthem, "Sun
of my Soul"; solo.by Mr. J. Qulnnoy;
anthem, "I will life up mine eyes."
Sunday school and Bible class at 2.30
i p.m; -Monday evening! Epworth League,    topic    "Christain    Endeavor."
the provincial mechanic lien act have
just been secured by the Calgary Retail Merchants' Association, through
its  solicitors,  Major Duncan Stuart,
is Jingoism.    Thus, one names a dis-j who lias just returned from Edmon-
eased nationalism which sees neither, ton after several days of work with
virtue nor courage In any nation but the government In  this  connection,
Us own,, and which has only Insults j which resulted in a "promise from thej
and suspicion for others. j premier that theamendments would be!    The regular monthly meeting of the
••UnhannilY' thia. disease anne-ars to i n,,t_»n_ti,,--L.c^ i,*^,^,.^^,--^-^
out tho whole of the camps comprising
District 18 on Monday last. The fact
■The above vote was taken through-
that upwards of 4000 cast their ballots
clearly demonstrates the considerable
interest was displayed. The returns
show a majority in favor of accepting
the proposed agreement.
There was a strong minority vote,
as was to be expected. The Increased cost of living and several new
clauses in the new agreement were,
na doubt responsible for this.
It is also safe to add that were industrial conditions more propitious,
few, indeed would have cast their
vote in favor of any proposition that
did not give an advance commensurate
with the abnormally high price of
in harmony with instructions of
the conference committee the District
officers journeyed to Frank on Wed
nesday in order to meet the representatives of the Western Coal Operators'
Association to sign up the agreement.
Thursday   evening   prayer
Friday, choir practice.
have seized on the German people at a
time when the: empire was In a particularly flourishing condition, and It was
cU|J^J^i^ea.,bfi%e this war broke
oufc  ;-.,*'   - ": *    ' '.'-"• 7'7!X"
, "When war was decided on there
was an eruption of. jingoism of the
most feverish sort. Violent articles
appeared ln the press. In the great
c.ltles Inflammatory speeches were
made, warlike poems were declaimed
and waT-songs were, chanted. The
conflagration was regarded as a fete.
The campaign was to ibe a simple
promenade to Paris and to St. Petersburg.
"To argue the contrary was to risk
being lynched. As soon as war was
actually declared the people of other
natloni were subjected to every insult,
We were honeit Germans; our adversaries won 'brutal Russians,' 'perfidious English,' 'Ineolent Serb*.' The
mob tore down the signs of shops that
bore a Cow words of English or French.
Ai to who vegan tbo war—we were the
lnoeent Iambi, whilst the French, Jtu*
slant, and British were the wolvea ot
tbe fable. Those who formerly had
Imputed to the Jewi all the faults of
our social state now discovered In England the cause of everything.
"At tho tint victory the flaw appeared, tho (balls rang, perfervid
speechee were delivered in public
placet. Ja tha wtiursnts nothing wai
sung hut 'Deutachland ueber Allti.'
The public, hypnotised, reeked nothing
of tho death-rattle of the wounded on
th* bfttttsfieid, of hundred! of villages
In flames, of thousands   of   peoplo
robbed of all their belongings, of tier*
man families who awaited with nn-
o   the present sesBion, '"
.'■ The amendments for which the Re-
tall,.Merchants' Association has asked
for some time are as follows
be held at the home of IMrs, Moffatt,
on Wednesday, April 7th, at 3.30 p.m.
The Ladies' Guild of -Christ Church
(a> Tliat the time for filing liens be] will hold a dellcaiossenaali-r and sale
'extended from 31 to 35 days. . ;of children's clothing and aprons in the
(b) .That a writ need not be issued j basement ot the church on Saturday,
except at the option of the lien holder,
who will thus be able to grant indulgence to the owner of tbe property, and
will not be compelled to Issue a writ
before the expiration of 90 days, as,
under the present law, he Is compelled
to do to hold his Hen good. y
It Is thought by the association th|t
these amendments should prove - a
great boon to ownera of all kinds, particularly to farmers, since lt will enable the lien holders tb allow the liens
to remain without suit until a crop ts
harveited or tho owner of property
betters his financial position.
April 3rd, at 3.30 p.m.
The next mothers meeting ln connection with Knox Church will be held
Wednesday afternoon, April 7th, at
3.30 o'clock. Let all be present who
can and see the demonstration on
making orange marmalade and the
cooking of prunes, etc. Everybody
Tbe monthly tea of the Ladles' Aid
of the Methodist Church will be held
at the home otiMrs. J. Woodhouse, on
Tuesday, April 6, from 3.30 to 6 p.m.
JS North Explosion
Inquiry Last Monday
An Inquiry tor the purpose of aicer-
talalng tbe cause of the violent explosion which occurred it B, North
Mine, Coal Creek, on January 2nd, last
was opened here on Monday morning
at 10 a.m. In the court room of the
Provincial* Government <UuUUlug.
ht. .lohn Stewart, of Ladysmith, B.
<\. hod been appointed commissioner
for the Inquiry, and opened the pro-
gulsh for news of their sons engaged jeeedlngi by having the notlee of his
In the eoofeat.
"Thoa oao heard tho atrocious de*
talis of the war In Belgium. The In*
habitant! had flrod on our loldlen,
The Btlgtnmi wen 'auaislns,' 'savage
beasts/ unworthy of any consideration.
They most expiate their crimei by
sword aad (ire. No one troubled to ax-
Plain tht uprislag of the Belgian people. Oor perfsrvld patriots could not
understood that a people must lose ita
appointment and hts oath road.
The Crow's Nest Pass Ooal Co. hid
several of their officials present, aa
well as their solicitor, Mr, Sherwood
Herchmer; iMr. A. I. Usher represented oae of the firebosses working at
the mine, while Mr. A. Macnell reprs.
seated Mr. Thomas francs, who Waa
severely Injured br thb explosion. Mr.
Trios. Graham, chief Inspector of
mines, together with Inspectors Wil
calmness oa seelsg Itself unexpectedly i t»tWi and 0, 0WWt ra>naMM the
attached, tta fltMi laid waite, :ta Mlnea Department of tho province.
to«rn« and villages or copied, lu men {.Maura. W. U Phillips and ll, Reoe re.
sscrifleed in battlo.
"Thorn who desire war ought to ac-
copt tbt evila tbat It brings. .To ho
efltnoataetie for war aad then to dee-i
presented the Unltod Mine Workors ef
America,   The cooff room was crowd*
*A Aortoo »b* wbnl* nt-tb* 1*ti*t*r
nlr In the mine, and the Intake was
higher than the exhauit or main tunnel over which the coal was being
drawn out, hence tbe logical conclusion thit the gas had reached out to
the fanhonse.
It was shown that the ventilation j
of the mine wis more a question ofj
providence than good luauagtmiuiit.
Toward the close of the Inquiry a
rather interesting incident occurred
Tlie statement was made by some of
the minor official* tbat the suggestion
tind bcijn made that tht whole official
start should get together and agree
upon a plausible story for the inquiry.
This was naturally denied, and liter
characterised by the solicitor for the
coal compaay aa a base conspiracy,
batched by the parties so ai to dis*
credit tbelr itiperior officer. One
would gather from tbe tenor of Mr,
Herchmer'a remarks that It most auda-
clotta even to think of auch a thing.
However, we eannot Jwdge a* to thn1
f truthfulness or otherwise of the story.
tmt we did nolo tbat threo men on oatb
m-ll**    mPt'fttriMI'ftit    tit:    t*„99K    ;«;_•; _*,.     •__[
the manner In which he had conducted
the inquiry, commenting upon the absence of the usual""red tape" method
of procedure, and paid a tribute to
the Chief Inspector of Mines for the
"able manner ln which the latter drew
oui; the facts.    This, the mineworkers'
JT-Hprraentwtvnr"claimed*;  had   retlcveir
him ot deal of responsibility In probing for Wmself and those he represented.   Rees  thought that If the sanuj
latitude waB always given at Inquests
as had been glvtfa^t the Inquiry It
would be beneficial to both employer
und employee.     He had, during lit
mining career been unfortunately compelled to attend the scene of many explosions, and invariably the cause of
these accidents was attributed to the
worker inside the mine.    However, ln
this instance the point was established that no one was Inside the mine,
hence the usual story of a faulty lamp,
matches, windy shot, etc., could not
be applied.    It was conclusively proved that the cause of this explosion was
some external agent.   In conclusion
he stated that tbe evidence was sufficiently welghtly for the commissioner
to arrive at a satisfactory conclusion,
and he hoped the onus would 'be placed where it rightly belonged.
«Mr. Tom Graham spoke, briefly stot*
Ing that he was sure that tbe Inquiry
would be productive of much good,
He remarked that It was unfortunate
that Inspector Evans, a most Industrious and painstaking aervant, bad lost
bis life as an indirect result of the
explosion, and tbat Mr. France wai so
seriously Injured, Fie concluded by
thanking those present for any assistance tbey had rendered to tha Inquiry.
Commissioner fltewart In doting the
inquiry thanked those who had assisted and explained that bis report would
be made public as soon as practicable
The citlxeu of- Hlllcrest met in the
Union Hull on (Monday evening, 29th
inst., to give Mr. and IMrs, John Brown
a royal send-off on the occasion of
Mr. Urown's retirement from hlli position as general .manager-of Hilcrest
Collieries, Ltd. The capacity of the
hall.was taxed to Its utmost to accommodate the representatives gathering that assembled to show the respect and esteem in which the late
general manager and his wife are held
by the residents of Hlllcrest and the
neighborhood. Mr. William Hutchison, assistant general manager to the
Coal Company, presided over tbe assembly, and set things going by calling on Mr. George Spinks for a song.
Mr. Spinks obliged with "Down by "the
Old iMill Stream," which was accepted with loud applause, and as an encore gave "If those lips could only
speak." Mrs. Dodd, a favorite with
Hlllcrest audiences, was next called
upon, and rendered the "Holy "City,"
.niving "The Children's Home" as an
encore. Air. Hector McDonald furnished the next item on lhe program,
and responded to an efiiore. After
this the chairman, with a few well-
chosen remarks, on behalf of the citizens of Hillcrest, presented to Jlr. and
Mrs. John Brown a handsome solid
silver tea service.
•Mr. Brown, in thanking the gathering for Mrs. Brown and himself, gave
a concise resume of his aims and efforts to make Hlllcrest the Pittsburg
of Western Canada, so far as coal was
concerned!      When he came to Hill-
And Low Wages
"Old John" (John Loughran) of'-Beaver-Creek, has an awkward knack of
putting kinks Into the "pipe cinches"
of some people, and his latest is a
refutation of the fallacy that prohibition meaus wealth for the worker. Let
our position, however, be distinctly understood in the matter: Intoxicants are
a necessity only when taken as
such; when taken in excess it has the
same effect that all other excesses!
have—"rots tho marrow and consumes j
the brain." John, too, does not appear
to hold a ibrief for Intoxicants, but he
evidently feels compelled to enter the
arena of controversy when reformists
or prohibitionists attempt to delude
the worker with economic inexatitudes.
The following is his letter which appeared in the Pincher Creek Echo of
March 26th:
Dear Sir,—In the editor's column of
the Echo of the 12th inst,, under the
heading" of". "Agricultural -Values in
11)11," there appeared some very interesting statistics taken from a press
bulletin, and being mixed up In the
trade union movement for the best
part of my life statistics bearing on
the wages of the workers have u sort
of fascination for me, hence I hope you
will allow me space to briefly call attention to the following paragraph:
"In recent years the wages of farm
help have increased considerably, and
reached their highest point during thc
bumper harvest of 191", but in 1914 the
wages little better than half whut ,
they are lu B. C, which is said to be
the wettest or freest province in Canada. Yet P. Vi. 1. is richer in natural
resources than any other province In
the dominion. For fertility of soil,
scenery, prolific fisheries and luscious
fruit bearing orchards no place in
Canada can compare with the "garden
of the gulf."
Witb the exception of the city of
Halifax, Nova Scotia is a prohibition
province, hence wages are almost as
low as in P. E. I. St. John being wet
gives New Brunswick more freedom
than the two last named provinces,
hence wages are a little higher and so
'file reason why wages should vary
according to the wetness or dryness of
a province or country is easily ex-
plaint1!'.. The value of products In all
provinces will be largely governed by
the law of supply and demand, hence
whether a province is wet or dry will
not effect the value of the products of
the province, und as all marketable
goods an- produced for profits only,
employers will not continue to produce commodities at a loss.
Xow, let us take the case of Alberta
which is at present a free province
and where more than half the revenue
required to meet the public expenditure of the province is collected from
licenses and other taxes paid by brewers and others engaged iu tbe mauu-
nendiilam  swung  ha nlr
■eeemei tffsetive on and from April
llth, 1111
One Cent War Ta* on tetters and
Poet Cards Mailed In Canada for
Delivery In Canada, Unlto* •lata* or
Metis*, and e« lettin mailed In
Canada for Delivery In tbo United
Klniio-m and Iritis* Pttteitione
Generally, end whtrtvtr tbe Two
Cent -Mate Applim.
crest~tTve years ago, Hlllcrest -as a
iown  was practically  uuknow;-..      At
the time of the disaster lasi June,
Hlllcrest, both as a town aud a coal
mine, was rapidly forging to the front.
He trusted that It-would continue to go
ahead, and hoped that his successor
would find as much pleasure and as
many friends in Hlllcrest as he and his
wife had.     Upon the conclusion of
iMr. Brown's remarks Mr. Anderson
favored the audience with "-My Ain
Folk," and responded to an encore.
Mrs. Smith followed with "Isle d'Ara-
our," and for an encore gave "If I
had a Thousand Lives to Live."   The
program was brought to a close by
Mr, Shaw, who Bang "The Admirers
tlrooin," and gave as au encore "Up
from Zomorzet."     After the concert
the floor was cleared for a dance, the
Hilcrest Orchestra supplying tbe music,     Dancing continued until 1840,
when the hall was again cleared for a
nmoklug concert,    Mr. Thomas Price
presided, and opened the concert by
calling on -Mr. Brown for a few remarks,     Mr. Brown took the floor
for a few minutes ind lit the course
of his address took the opoptrunlty ol
thanking the employees ot Hillcrest
Collieries Ud. for their loyalty to him
during hit stay among them.     He
trusted that Mr. Drinnan, wbo waa to
succeed   him   as   general manager,
would find them as loyal as he had.
Several musical items were rendered and the company broke up at an
early hour with the usual expression
of (food  wish**  that  «u.rh orrattnn*
call for.
On Tuesday thc members of thc
Western Coal Operators' Association
assembled at the Frank Sanatorium
and presented Mr. and Mrs. J. Brown
with a very handsome chest of illver.
Mr. W. It. Wilson, (lenenl •Manager
of tbe Crow's Nest Pais Ooal Co, and
Mr. l,ewls Stockett were present and
spoke tn eugoliatle terms of <Mr. Brown
as a mine manager and gentleman.
He had been of coesld*rab}# assist-
ance to the operators on account of bin
intensive practical bno*alt>4n* snd It
was with deep regret that tbey viewed
his departure. Mr. Brown, who on*
very deeply moved by tbe sincere op
l,r***n\tm* of hts eellest-a**, r-t')»ll*wl,
thinking tbem on behalf of bla wife
and mil.
wages per month in 19H were lowest
In Prince EM ward Island, viz., $24.71
for males and $14,48 for females; in
Xova Scotia they were $31.20 and
$14.80, aud in Xew Brunswick W.H-1
and $15. In Quebec the averages
were -$33.56 and $15.65, and In Ontario
$32.09 and $16.67. In the western
provinces they were for males, $39.13
in Manitoba. $10,51 lu Saskatchewan
and $23.63 In Alberta. Tbe highest
wages were paid In B.C.. viz., $47.85
for males and $31.18 for females, these
wages being substantially less than
In 1910 when males received $57.40 and
females $38," It will be seen from
these statistics that wages were much
lower In all the prohibition provinces
and that in every Instance wages
varied according to the "wetness" or
"dryness" of the province. For instance. Prince Edward Island ls the
only province In Canada .under absolute prohibition, and there w% find
But let us suppose' that this province
adopts prohibition and what will bap-
pen. iThe expenses of the province
will still have to be met, hence the
revenue at present derived from the
manufacture and sale of malt liquors,
w'tll heroine an* extra charge upon the.
manufacturing and producing industries of the province, aud if this extra
taxation he equal to say 20 or 30 per
cent of the wages at present paid,
then the workmen will have but two
choices, either to submit to a reduction of wages equal to the "amount of
revenue at present paid by tbe license
victualing trade, or witness the closing down of the Industries In which
thoy are nt present engaged. This
statement (s easily proven by facts
and figures, but want of speace prevents me dealing further with tbe matter at present.
Yours truly,
The man who says the union is no
good; tbat he gets no benefit from it
might ask tbe advice of Isaac Johnson,
of Rossland. Mr. Johnson did not be-
to nc tn th* tntfon, and ronK^jui-'htlji
the Insurance company saw a "noft"
thing. They knew he had n<> one
to back bim up If he refuted to take
wbat they offered, ao they tried to
lost play a Ntraight "bluff" t*»m» and
refuse to pay -compensation. Had it
not been for lite generosity of District
No. «, W. F, of M., Johnnon would tone
been compelled to take whst bn wai
firs' offered or go without- When
District N'o, • took the matter up they
»u<-rt-wlH in netting utterly tiooo.
VV« print particular* of the case be-
low, and tt you have any doubts as
to tbe advantages of belonging to af
union ihey will be speedily (flspelfertt
nfter niallng thp purticulir**
Th* evidence proved beyond any»whilst tb* yrnrir ******* tltti HenM.
This War Tax la to bo prepaid hv
tbe senders by means of a War Btamp-j
the agent ot the, Insurance company,
Mr. Arthur Wheeler. Jr.. ot .Trail. It
then appeared tbat Mr. Wheeler had
been making the payments oa his own
responsibility, frosting, of eo«rs*. tbm
iii* company would recognise tbe clslm
in due course. Mr. Wheeler did everything in his power to aaalst tbe union
in their endeavors to obtain the pay*
ments due, nnd resigned Ihe agency
ot iho company as a protest when
ih«>y put forward the claim that the
company wa* not liable.
Tbe Imuranc* company still proving
retaHtrrttit, the union placed thc mat-
(it in the hands of tMesura. iMirnell A
|l.ui*»rl!, uf Fi rule Mr. Macnell, mt
ttmt iimi. it MiIHtor for tbo Western
►Vd-nr.itiri nf Mines, I Hut rift Xo I.
iH,*) a af, nuto* tmtenpooOooe*, an
..f.l.-r .,i «rt,iirnUot» •** tnkfti mtl,
*|th tb* r*>tult thst the StMMirance com
l»at»y afc.indon-fd a |>o*i:lon which wn*
lejuUy un in.* ble from tbe very flrtt,
n.iiiK'b. that the Wilm Iuul l*#<:otnm
■'<..itl4»«*d.' and paid * further sons
v, tiwt, ,.'*,*.t*t*t »iia ttt* mm wt Um
csttui to pebj stortsa about aum-dum j
bullets la simply to grow baaotted. Oor
jlaf»*« havt yelled a hundred thoa-
•and (teea ilnoa tlie war began, TCit
duty of every -ciiiioft la to defend hia
am *****  uy   iustroaoters and other i
Utteation of doubt that general dieelpH and later pot in as defense thst It was,
lino of tht mine official* *ai very j ridiculous to taluk that ho woald ••*'p0,Uw *Ump *******
Ux. to aay tho least.    The pout waa; neat frwalagmp a story whoa be (tht
, thirty wall established that prior to the i acensed I vat Innoeeni.
ic«|4(Mioa tbe fan bed ih* wnrbeA for'    txtt ib* evutent** wit ia***, *,„ iw.
tbtiAlib t*Vi>i.*t*l'  AtSU **-*.>
Wherever po*«U4e, stamps oa which j
the words "Wsr Tan" havo boen printed nbtmlt b* o*wA for wrnwermmet nf!
The next mewttng of th* ft rot* -Pont
on January 10th. 1S-U. Isaac John
teiii *IU> viotkinn itm tht ite Hot So. I
12 Mine at Rrwuland. rnrt * *m*11*t*r ii-tni
i hi* band.     The a-rctdent unfortunate* j'
I ix  r-**-uttvtt tn a ban «■*•* of Wood-^';"" ' *""*"'
j pwlmitittg, and Mr. Johnaon's band was j    n mm -.« ftM
for many months,    lu fact he Is atltl iwction iitmodi
I uii-tblf lu an* It.     II* was. et tomr**.* —"*""
etwauy to Ma met trestn.'  Thoot»*»  honra.  Bvtdtnttr  toneoao   hid
poor wretches ef Belgtam aad France I
—havt thty dont anything else? Havo'
thoy not defended heme and father*
land* If Wl acted thos. OUR coo-
daet wooM bo herok. On tht part of
onr ntrnrmrt*! tt f» mbeHfan ta<|
gone up before the fireboss had peached the mine on tht morning of* Jan-
nnry Snd and In proceeding toward
tho fan boost, either to alt dowt on
n platform outside tht faabowt or to
day ltd pja, but a night session wai
held at lit solicitor's rsqttst. A ftw
wltotsses wtrt thtn recalled to clear
ctrtaln statements up.
•Mr. Usher, solicitor, addressed the
j court at length hi defease tf hit client.
tht War Tat. bnt ibonld ordinary
postage •stamps bt toed for this purpose they will be aectpttd,
Thia War Stamp or additional stamp
for war pwrpo*** should be affixed to
tho upper right hand portion of tb*
t,*^   -MM  **,*. r-j.v-fc   ,1,**j*, w.  .v«-
^■jetitti-HMt to compensation
hold In Ingram*! Hall on Tuesday
evening. $prtl dth. at * o'clock sharp
Mr. ». I' Amber will kt lure on Whit*
Wyandotte* and Poultry lioa*c Con
atmettofl.     AH iw»rwe* ln?»r**»*?-*d ft*
Workmen's Compensation
wat sctoally paid tmm a week for
j twenty aewi weeks.     At Ihe end of
lhat time, pai-ments *c«at*d. and be
•ought the aaslstancf' of 'he itossUnd
1.il,'-\t  t'tlt'H',,  'V&y  t'.   U  ".Uv   'lulU■•-'   J,I'
under thef    OTTAWA   oat.  March  .W   Win
Art.   and!j.  t\   IMtrrfy   intradtced  two  Wits
mhith apart from the soldiers vote bill
n»r»r*s*nt th* finding* of Ih* «p«Hat
• ommlr-M" of th* house appointed last
i*-> i■*.:■,   '.*.>   ■ ,'.,*UW.'   i\**"   h-..*.*9\*h,,*   i>t
start the fan 'working, UU *tcWer.ul-| one ot the hrebossen.    He was follow-
ly tcntttd tkt gaa which bad aeeu-l*d by (Mr. Heirbm*r, whose mi*# of
Ah!    Don't Id iu throw atuuti iu|iuuUUul *;..U*> .km ban bad been stop-
other*, wt who Iivt la gtaaa ht-Mtet
L»t «a att look for the mot* It oar
neighbor's oye, ttt take ttto betm oot
of nrsn, fn thtt wny wt than
makt the Ont ittp ifWitfs rtBttata
rntijiniWdna.!** mi timtit B«*«tt.
pad, A btebtt wot ptckid ap aftar
tke explosion with tht food staff aai
rtrfnk Intact. Thfs bucket was claimed by a certain party, and no doubt
the trident* was apparently a defense
ef tlw higher offtrials ef tkt Coil -fo.
Mr, Rett, for tkt C, M. W. of A.,
thtn addressed tht court, stating tn
tht course of hia reaaarhs that ht rt-
"Ltt ts twdentinl, tfcta, that wt'fctt wm not to ht foa**' aa a wttatta
are not mtrety Oermana, French or nt the inquiry.    Tke fan forced tb*
It bttmmnt to him,    Bat strange taiprteentH at least bo per «tat. of tkt
ft majrmnwat. tfc* ownai..nt iAmh*m*\wminmrn, *ke were m-twtlly greatly
^uiu|||uu|uuMbj^fl .gun Aim tl^k^tm nm^MmAm        ans***.
wttAwmWWWW mm IO IMF MfwV.jr.,       rfV
Hcfy (hanked the commtsiionw for
e^^Vlk?-f^^V^I'W,W' ^ tb* *m™1 b",BCi,M iW|*f ,*«•* "Wif *»   Mr, Jthtaortj^awi ^m
.    .   i    Tb* tt.mimny. through its fvpraatfr j    Th* UuX m:l W*tton tor ikm mmt
a«¥ «it«t t*s#. *,*-%n\t* in Atfctrta s«4
tbst it way be readily tme*U*A at Ib* J
eaase ttmt ts tht pottage.
In tlw mmt of fttlare on tb* pattf
of tbt ftt<f#r tbreogk ovcr-aUtht or
t-saUgMM* to prepay tb* wsr tot est
tact Ittrtr or postcard abovo seo-rffi-
wf. t«*n a rmer or pan card wm ht
tent lomeAlately to tht n«rw»*t btnmti
Dead Letter Offim.
It Is essential Out po*t*m om all
'{t.atlv*. Mf* P*!4!a«.4!d not di*»i«t* Mr.
Johnwwi's vtstm tor n mntlniiinr* of |8a*kati'h*w»a of attowlna * mnn
ttnmm ot mail mstter should b* pr**\tb* p*fm*nt*. bm informed Mr TM«f 1,^^ mmr lt ^ m #j^ ^t^,,' um
poll hy menm ot ordinary pttit»| ■*»• nr ™ttUt> *' *** mm> **",*Iiodspwl* * htftot af».r nwmUm tbnt
stamp.,   ^*rTntmnmi,wiiirMinf^emi%mAm^tUmi^^M TktwtatWr
tt nt*tept*A In sny rat* for the pre {j-ftTO^n,  aJ tbat* coast   The mt«t*r|,,"n**lh" b«"*r f*>r haHotVag fm I a.m.
•as thet nhtft tp by tk* mbm »t*k* te t >..««
ItytMat of pesttgt. PAGE TWO
Socialists   Say   "Economic   Determin--
ism" Mighty Frequently When They
Discuss the War—This Article Tells
What the Phrase  means'.
Along with the outoreak of the present European war, there broke out a
sort oC epidemic, in  the form of explanations.   In magazines, newspapers
weekly and  bi-weekly    journals,    ex:
planations appeared.   Articles, essays,
letters, editorials and pamphlets were!
written toward explaining the causes
of tUisx world-wide'catastrophe. .Bankers, university professors, sociologists,
statesmen, diplomats, editors—all added tlieir individual bit of wisdom or
■humor to the current tide of explanation.     In  other  words,   the   physical
tones of destruction on the other'rife
wrought into existence   the   mental
forces of destruction on this side.   Explanations here came with the rapidity of bullets and cannon balls there.
Taking the whole mass of explanations ihat bave ibeen aired, they preset a very heterogeneous appearance.
Almost every individual who had even
oniy the remotest bearing to the precipitation   of   the   war   was   held   responsible.    Czar Nicholas of  Russia,
timperor Francis Joseph   of  Austria?
Hungary,   King   George   of England
were blamed in turn.''.. Kaiser Wilhelm
had to bear, perhaps,    the.   greatest
amount of vituperation hurled in the
skirmish,   From individuals, acts were
held accountable.     The murder of the
archduke and his wife, the mobilization of the Russian forces before war
was officially declared, the breaking
up of diplomatic relations without sufficient allowance of time toward arriving at an amicable settlement, the
"violation of Belgian's neutrality, were
all advanced as acts sufficiently provoking to justify a recourse to arms.
Finally, more general conditions were
offered as causes of the war, such as
the  taking  of the  two provinces  of
Alsace-Lorraine by the French a number of years ago, and the spirit, of German militarism.
'Recognizing the true importance of
these explanations in relation to the
present war,   the   scientific  Socialist! t°r>
3. The theory of class struggles.
4, The coming social order as the
next step in evolution.
>The theory that external conditions
determine and shape the nature of
social systems was advanced in modern times by great men previous to
Karl iMarx—'by such men as Vico,
Montesquieu, Buckle, and others. Or,
if we wish to go further back into ancient history, we are confronted by
Bodin and his theory of climates, and
still'further, by so mighty a thinker as
Aristotle. All these contended that
external conditions such a s climates,
geographical limitations, race, etc;,
have wrought, and are responsible for,
social history. Marx, however, after
considering these phenomena, per-
j ceived that they do not exiilain'social
history adequately, though they do so
In part, since conditions that are so
constant as climate, geographical and
racial conditions are, cannot explain so
variable a condition as social history
is. -A more variable factor is needed,
contended Marx, and his collaborator,
Frederich Engels. .,
The main factor in determining the
course of social progress, and /the
cause of social history, Is the economic
factor, argued 'Marx aud Engels, and
established this as the corner stone of
their sociological theories. Produc
tion in general, as well as the means
of production and distribution of the
necessities by which a social system
lives and develops, constitutes the
foundation, stone of that society. The
methods of production and distribution of such production, or, in essence
the nature of production, determine
economically, the social relations in a
historical epoch. Not the natural inclinations or ideas of men determine
social conditions, but, on the contrary,
social conditions, through material
production In the last instance, determine the ideas and inclinations of
the social aggregate. Material produc-
j tion is the ultimate verity of the so-
■ ciiil organization. Upon it Engels
' writes the following:
;    "The materialistic conception of his-
starts from the proposition that
ideas then becomes the prevailing
code, and continues so until it attains
the state when new productive forces
revolt against the 'methods; which
have already outlived their usefulness.
In passing, it may not be out of
place to remark briefly upon the influence that the ideas of men exert
in effecting the economic conditions,
or changes. A growing tendency
among the disciples of Marx to convert the Interpretations of history into
a sort of "economic fatalism," in
\vhich man stands as a mere' pygmy
in the process of social evolution,
lends a detrimental and erroneous
light to the theory Itself. i.Murx and
Engels, time and again. <efers to thia
question In their works, and always
with a decided disapproval of the new
light cast upon the theory. 'Ulan
makes his own history," is only one
of the -many quotations that could
lie brought to show the true Marx-
Ian aspect upon this question. True,
man does not make fiistory out of the
air, "but out of such conditions that
he finds at hand," which means that
man does not stand as a pygmy before the wheel of evolution, but n* an
effectual power in directing the same.
Marx gives man the first consideration in social progress.
antiquated form, replacing it by a
system of co-operative production.
And co-operative -production must
register itseif in th? social life, and if
it does so register itself, if the sys:
tem of production' is run anarchistic-
ally and individualistically despite its
co-operation and social nature, an antagonism between progress and* retrogress manifests itself, and the result
must be, here ana now, as elsewhere
and always: Co-operation must triumph over individualism; social production must triumph over the capitalistic and antl-sociaLmanagement of
production. ' This idea is admirably
stated. and summed up by aiMarx In
Volume I., Chapter 32, of "Das Kapital."
"Hand in hand with this centralization, or this expropriation of many
capitalists by few, develop, on an ever
extending scale, the co-operative form
of the labor process, the conscious
technical application of science, the
-methodical cultivation of the soil, the
transformation of the instruments of
labor into instruments of labor only
usable in common, the economizing
of all means of production by their
use as the meanB of production combined, socialized labor, the entanglement of all peoples in the net of the
world's market, and with this the international character of the capitalistic regime. Along with the constantly
diminishing number of the magnates
of capital, who usurp and monopolize
all advantages of this process of
transformation, grows the mass of
misery, oppression, slavery, degradation; but with this, too, grows the
revolt of the working class, a class
The theory of class struggles forms always  increasing   in   numbers,   and1
alone recognizes tbem to bc of uoth-':'^p production _of the means to suiv
I"- "crc tha". Cf tritut-rv i"'."crt~r.'-;.:',nl'^ h''""*■"  tilt*   nml   npvt  tn  nrartnc   n.„»
To him and in accordance with hi
an important constituent of the Eco
nomlc Interpretation of History, and
lt reveals to us the real Import, the
extent or the great social transformation toward which society is drawing,
day by day, and which will culminate
in the elimination of all antagonistic
classes In society.
Starting out with the statement that
all hitherto existing societies present'
a history of class struggles, Marx dis- j
tingiiishes four such societies. They i
are the Asiatic, the ancient, the feudal j
and the modern bourgeois system of ■
production.' Throughout these organ-1
izations of social production, varied in [
form, but in essence the same, there ■
has existed two distinct classes. On
the one side stood the property own-'
ing class: on the other side the prop-
ertiless class. :The former always possessed the means by which the latter
disciplined, united, organized by the
very mechanism of capitalist produc
tion. iThe monopoly of capital becomes a fetter upon the mode of production   which   has   sprung  up   and
flourished along with and under it.
-Centralization of the means of production and socialization of labor at
last reach a point where they become
inoompffilble with their capitalist integument. The integument is burst
asunder. The knell, of capitalist private property sounds. The expropria-;
tors are expropriated."
This, in brief, Is the theory of "Economic Determinism." Only the essential portions of it have been touched
upon, while some of the problems that
it gives rise to, and which are Indispensable to a comprehensive understanding of 'it, have been, through
lack of newspaper accommodation,'
entirely eliminated 'from our considerations. But even as it stands, it
serves to explain the underlying cause
of social history, dispelling,' at the
same time, the mysticism in which the
laws of social history have been enveloped for many thousands of years.
Viewed from this light, all hlBtory is
given a rational existence.
And equally rational does the present war.become in the light of the
economic theory. This world-wide catastrophe, which 1$ already engrossing the energies of half the so-called
civilized world, disrupting and devastating the labors of many centuries, Is
explained from the,, economic standpoint. The blame is placed, not upon
this king or "that czar, but upon a
God that rules kings like subjects,
great like small, that underlies the
existence of all mankind—iMammon.
Profit, his first apostle, looms up on
the horizon as the ultimate, actual,
direct commander of the forces of
devastation. And from the opposite
side looms up Socialism, commanding the forces of construction, and
bringing in its folds the emancipation
of mankind from slavery and thrall-
dom to eternal peace, good-will and
happiness.—iN. Y. Call.
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,ll.M.W.A
No. 2314
Maet. first  and  third  Fridays,
Mirers''-Hall, Pernie; second and
foi:rth Fridays,  Club Hall, Coal
Creek.  Sick-Benefit attached.—T.
"Uphill, Sec, Pernie, B. C.
. No. 2334 ■-:.   .
( Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock In Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 2633
^ Meet every alternate Sunijay at
2.30 p.m. tn the Opera House,
Colrman.—J, Johnstqjie, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and' fourth'/
Sunday of each month at 2-.p.m.
In Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries.
Sec. Passburg, Alta,- '       '■,
No. 1387
Meet  every Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael  Warren.' Sec, Can-
nore, Alta. ^
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Mack Stigler.
By William Hard
social doctrine, the causes of this
war. like the causes of any other war
In the world's history, like the causes
of all. social phenomena, cannot be
sought  for  in   the   caprice  of  czars,
tion. the exchange of things produced
is thi- basis of all social structures;
that in ever/society that has appeared
in history, the manner in which wealth
!•*-. d!s tri'jilted and society divided in
'■lan-ses or orders Is dependent' upoi-
what is
"Your question is this:
"If Englaud were Socialist, If Germany were Socialist, if all of the big
nations of the world were organized
.,,.,. on  the  Socialist model,  what then?
must l.vo:   thc latter only possessed  WouWn.t each of them 8till want tp
.    .   .   .   . sell its'gooJsltTBrazll andTFZanzlbar
order to live, 1, e„ their strength. One aml ln ,Mong(5lla,   Aud wouIdn.t m%
held   the means by  which  the other )ea(J iQ ^^ Jugt fl8 ,t doeg „0W(
must live. and %Q war8?   ,u other VQTis> lg there
The struggle between the possessing num  t()  th,„k  that floclaltam
and nonpoateenliiR classes is produced „,„. more tliau Capitalism, would put
by  a   fundamental, an  irreconcilable, ;*
gressive investment in the 'new' countries tends to disappear. Tt becomes
virtually impossible. And the wars
which grow out of the International
commercial and financial rivalry, as
most wars do, becomes almost unthinkable. Let me show why.
"In a Socialist state the prime ta
kings or emperors, the good in some I *'h-'r '■* produced, how it is produced, j difference ahd antagonism^    The ma   G" e"d l° i,m'rnatlo"al tradc r,val,r>'
or the bad in others.   True; the scleii-j ""d 'liow   products   are   exchanged.; terinl  Interests of the one
have al-
tiflc Socialist is fully aware of the in-jl-'roni  thlB  point, of  view, the  final j wnyB been, and are. opposed to the
flucuce that such rulers wield in de-j cause of all social changes and !>oli:l- material interests of the other.    The
termlnlng social history, and to that j <-«l revolutions are to be sought, not j interests of the property owning class
extent recognises'and    admits   their j In tl»e philosophy but In the economics !nre to secure more property and all
yart In formulating Uie history of so- j of each particular epoch,
ek'ty.   Hu: the extent to which indl-i    liut, and coming to the second of
vlilual  rulers do regulate history  ls j cur above-mentioned propositions, the
very minute y,-hen compared to the j material methods of' production also
real and actual cause of social phe-; i!o;ermino the moral, political. Juill-
nomena. j cl il and religions manifestations of an
.Social phenomena, according toi epoch. The Ideas of right and wrong,
xclentiflr Socialism, and expressed < ju«!l<-<> and Injustice, good and evil,
broadly, In determined by the means! morality and immorality, are hut the] thu latter are those compatible with
That's   your   quea-
aud   bloodshed?
"I will answer It first by saying that
it is Capitalism that makes International trade rivalry so keen and bo ng-
that goes with It-social power, mas- B^sive today, and then I will .newer
lety and recognition. The Interests' l \ **™ln* "lat ««taH,m w*u *
of thc properties claw/on the other ,arge •\de8troy f**' rlv*r>\ or™ke l
hand, are to overthrow that social pow. ov™ lnt0 »»»«»»«»« «««'* d'ffe™;
er. which bring* them suffering, ex-! 'The inuh}e n°w V?* Tf
Ploltatlon. misery and poverty. The . ?^u~ ?^d^™S,,^f!!r .!!?!^
Interests of the former are to perpetuate thtnes an they are; the Interest* of
und methods by which a society de- vuperstructural elements reared ind
rives ,i living. This law of social phe- ■ .'dei mined upon the bank- economic
ncniena is termed 'The Materialistic j atructure. Thun we have so profound
t'nr.repiio-n of History,"'or "-Economic • an Intellect as Arlstotte contending In
l>piermlnl*nt." ht system of slavery, that slavery Is
With this law acting as a criterion, perfectly moral, Just and equitable,
thc Marxian Socialists can turn the-In a oyatont of private ownership of
i»njn'« of history, recording phenomena! pnipcrty. private ownership Is perns tliey appear in succession, tracing ] fci-tly moral, reasonable and just, and
•■pock t!> epoch, explaining the cause j Justification for it U nought and found
of bi'.nit sum thc pause of disappearing in  •'*•• religion, ••!hits and  morality
of t*:ith, and thereby Heiiiinntltm the
theological method of explaining his-
:y\. History In tht*ii and thereby,
unci* and for ull tlm*-. rchcutd from
iif ihe I'.'iii'.     An.l when a disregard
progress anil  evolution—change and
at'mtii'emoiit.     A victory gained by-
one must be. at least Immediately, at
tb* Kit-ritiee and loss of the other. The
struggle han thus continued through
the a»«*.   At first by the masters and I
hIuvcs. and later by the lords and ten-!
tints,   nd now by the capitalists and!
wane workers.    At times the struggle'
inatortiillmt lifo bloody revolutions.I
'•in usually fye!!*ash the surface, quiet
'.v. though persltteutly. rent!«ss!y.
fer Uu* sacwdness of the institution     'tut when thc cause of this underly*
af ,i!J*»;it«> |iroi*'r:y Is ni<t»lfested, nojV-j * ru.-Rlv will have b-eii abollsh-ml,
1 usually lm lou **'xer*t for Us punish-1 Un* t»f{wi« "will also have been ban-
Hit* mysteries of th«« past, snd brought) t*t>nl, md Justification for It Is again j »*luv!. wnd this brings us to the last of
nut  info tht' broad daylight,   lo   be ! muikIh and found In Ihe accciued ao-j tb**. four uroiioslllons-the coming -so-
»'!»iji!{|«ally niniy/fd, orsuuUed, and j H.*! inn'Mli'iit and beliefs.   Abundant j Hit lym-oni
i* .     .f i
.i,  .a U..j,j.,
. ,, u.^t    U',   .•*L,,.al   i.t h..*j,j,-<Ui. ;/.
iInn   h*M.   o***l*rneme   %   ?oml*t*nt
a atopic tool to the fri****
machine of today
change from
The thwiry of "Kcoiuimir l-HHerinln-l 'tut !•» tlt<» course «f Its d«'v»-lo|imenl, j t**t»-bf* m that the means of produc-
1-m"   .** l:*'**l  i'ii-vh hv   M^nr  :*ltA  KlJ* '
fit,, ron 'sin*, when uialywl, four distinct  propositions, uhlfli sre ;i« fol-
t    Tj•«» means of iiroductiun snd ex-
i  iii ii   iri* the ininiit determining far
for* In "h* 'coum-p of stu'lal ♦•vo'-utnH-: \ ->».d the conflict of emb watfrial class j i-mi******* cf the limn wliich were lu*
-mtmt'..'* by th*'M* mi>»n« of produf'-Jcomc* Into Mng with dlffcrenl eete|t*e*ed. lii'i»idiHl and antagonistic In
i.uii ^..4 . xti»,,ji*s*»- In iln- »t«'ii»l tmi*., nf Ul<«.*«, only ta '•**■ cllmin*l«'4 niieui |hnlr »*»«ur* end • amiHMltluii. 4'hengM
• rr  rsih**''. nvc-in* 'I* 4*1'^}-  n "peSety !
linHually gives way to the ue* mn*th-;
JihIs  of   production,   and   th*»*«»   new
| *iift!iw!*. In confllci uith thc old, oro-!
1 d«i<». like ilie «!d, a »»»t of (doaa which
r(,rri'«(»oiiU io lis nan detelopment,
pose of satisfying tiff dally needs of
our fellowcltlxeus. Many of those
, rltlxena, for Instance, are in need of
rood. In our large'cltlea there aire
i numbers of children who come to
school without breakfast. And there
are bread-lines of adults In our streets.
Yet we are exporting foodstuffs. Why-
Is this?
i "It Is W'musc we* are producing
noi-:'* for the primary purpose of
i making profits for Individuals, for capitalists. Th# workers do not get ln
I money thi- full value of *hat they pro-
! dure. If ihey did. there would be no
; profits for lhe capitalists. Tlm work-
' em get In money, ln watei, only a part
of the valuo of what they produce.
Therefore they cannot boy all tbey
nee l. They cannot boy back all the
aoods the) have produced. Tbere la
thus an nrtinclal surplus. Kxen when
! llu* mino workers havo consumed as
i much as they can, there Is still a sur-
And there you are.   What is to
dustries are organized under the ownership and management of the people.
They produce no dividends, no profits,
for individuals. A nationally operated
shoe Industry, for Instance, like a nationally operated post office, would
'pay' In services to the people and not
In fortunes for stockholders and band-
holders-     What would be the result?
'The result would be that no large
accumulations ot capital ln private
hands could possibly come Into existence. Not being ln existence, they
could not demand an outlet In 'concessions' and 'colonies' In the 'unex-
plotted' districts of the world. One of
the two great reasons for International
quarrels ln those lands would have
been wiped out. There would be no
great surplus of private capital fighting Its way to Investment in South
America and Africa and Asia.
"Bo much for the exportation of
capital. It would be eliminated, and
Its wars with tt. llie 'backward' nations would develop at their own gait, I
as they should, and in their own manner. * .   j
"Now for tbe exportation of com*
modltlcs—shoes, for Instance. )
"I am assuming, according to your/
queiUoh. tbat the 'advanced* nations
of the world are alt foclallst and that'
only the  backward' nations are still j
left with non-Socialist governments.    ,
"In every 'advanced' nation, tbwi,
sre would nee. commodities being produced not, m now, for the Immediate'
purpose of profits tor Individuals, but'
toi *V n*\wiw*c, -KImUj, of arntt*,.5»,
Ibe requirements or the people,
"A national!} operated shoe tnlus
No. 2227
Miet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   ln   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.-—J.  Mltcliell. Kec„  Box
105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock In ♦!>« Dankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Kin.
Sec. Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189 '
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m. No' sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barrlngham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 949
Meet, every second and fpurtli
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
In Scliool House, Burmis. No Stole
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. See..
Passburg, Alta,
No. 2829
Meet overy first and third Sunday of each mdhtli at 10 a.m. In
I'nlon Hall. Maple Leaf, No Slok
Society.—TIior. O. Harries, Sec.
PaRRburg, Alta.      ■,-
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall. 3 pm—John
Loughran. Sec .
No. 574
Meet every Tuesday evening
at 7.30.  in Miners' Hall, 19th.
Avenue North.—Robt. Peacock,
Sec.-Treas., Box 24,
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at iM p.m.
ln the Socialist Hajl. — ,Iam*-s
Burke, Sec, Box J«, Bellevue,
No, 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock   tn   the Club  Hall,    Sfck
Benefit  Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet   every  Pundny afterno'jn.
2.S0.  at   Rnardlntr  House.     Sick
and   Accident   fund  attached.—
Mas Hutter. Sec.
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
•Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
Capital Paid yp..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ..'.;$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIA8 ROGERS, Esq., Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
, Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from datt of deposit.
•jj>.' a' j
Willi, Title Deedt, Mortgages, Insurance Polidee
or other valuables In'one of these boxes
_____ . §,m
P. B. Powlor, Manager Pornlo Branch
*«i' "-""■ •" W * '■! "*'" I" - ' '-."'Iff1 "JJll1"."! ),lJil"Jl-miililBJ.'i, ".L1'!" "!'i)'J. '-UauJWUl'tt'iJBIIIIIUltii.llI
Ancient) .        / mw v       jortsnltcd   to   supply   Kngland with
•rHtiit!on -nas Indhldujl production,;    ^
«i»(t thl* rp«UtiT.'i! |ts«lf In the ac-
IHlties,  la  the  social  customs and
• ll!
Thft capitalist coontrtea cannot e«-
| n-banim their surplus product with ooe
LoRoiber. That would relieve none of
'them. They must unload ihelr ser-
1 ill ns on the Industrially |*s*v!*r*lop*d
h* rh*s (wwessint »h#» old methods} lu the metttoA* of production, throitjrii j ,'fl,,,,J•1#,• *H •* *>•• *" ,h* mm
fwr**-*imnAiitt      *tf**t*  btvint     Ao**t»p*4     bn     prodoctlw' the lurwi'l** powers nf min   ttSmo-'P0**        ( m -.
iiowera tn thr iwtl##t ritewt. il*cs *ay J latrd hy the conditions and llmilafIon* j   * Am*w««»*»*« **** *■*» m** m*'
■iinttr***, ;U! 1 *m,*M |t;stl'ttft|ona
i    "tbt*
wrmift-.it hy ihee** moans »f iirodai"'-
'Vn stuj *>\-'.'1ijiiiat» In ih«» social «*oii«
M'lt*a»t««»*. ant mw*1»I Intilltilioa*  .,
new tneth-tvls and -rnndlSloits of I of thc methods thuoisKlvos. msde ln.l,!*fc."M^ *** ""'"^ ^^"i"'! mt.!!!l be
ta tlw
malerUI prwdorttoi*     Tht »*#* set of fdltidnal prodorthM a hlttortral and'
M.iWw*-;   ^u,*i  fl^*lil«s> th*1 tmn*-
! shoe*. Whvn it had nude eooogb
shoes to ».rotect the feet of the lahsbl-
innts of l.nitisnd. Ite prime porpoee
auptdharebeoaaccom^lahei. liere
r-xiid he ne necessary sarplua of any
"At presimt. In alt <adtanc«iM ro***
(rice, ae t tmt* •hewn, thtr* Is n mt-
ploa ef rommodltlea and theft moat
la a Aneltttnt at.t* then* It nt*
factttrm of i^*l*»d noi Of »«#«*»> '* 'mmV nhmt ,l
f * aw drtwn Into tbmn rivalries In thtlr J   Thefoforo, ondor Moctallstn. there t
! effort* to Mt cloth to.Tortts and *er-fto •• nee«e«iry eor^loa of ee-wmwdl*
'Uum,    They wu*.t dlsjioie of their|iim **»n*ndfitf termorii^ to eon^twr,;
; stirpine. »*»d demandtnt tbom ferrtrorfe* tren
•Tlmts the nm imimi tm ** oi- «tho mm tt huetmiitimai «»ftw«.
mtttnM affwiwf ttlAti *^*-—-*-*   MtmdaMtm
JJOtommmjmrw ^mmmppot-mopo oewwfw WAi^^^rww*mm^*^9      w« fWWw
KAttyAHMtoiAAdctAAAfy.  mp f» AAttftm
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i*t  ft-ttt-ir"  -Vtl lit-  -^fW.liH lirtV   tif1
♦ c-n-a moTp'lmpoirtaai. * economic ne^««l*y nut of p^nmnt1-.
I   "in *v«rr hNthtf dtvetoved mmm | prltoto twrnfftu  It win bohom n reniu ^
th#f*> tmmm to bt * mrptm Ot capital; Totoaisry pomtOl otr«p«Heo.       .
fn th# hands ef th*. owner* of Jndns-t   "If Iceland wsate eoffeo from 'An*
* ,« .- - ,     ».    , .-"■   I't*       H*       ..It*      ,,     If*.,..,....       ,m-*	
[ this wr&m to tbttt ««• cwntry. *M I »W el lit* nmo tooiaMMlHilso
•11 tho prtaeipil toiMtAti ol|«ha»ie for tlmt mtUm.    Iia
1 thai tumntn of* fWly *<»«»ll»wl. Ami »•»* ht th* *effe#.    If It cent tet ih*
i tbe nwrpbrn rt mptxti •««« eMiltaMM to I tettno. it wm% ptoAOm ihe ontplon ol *.
am I* 1    V^ "C       * % *1 ■•   I *o o      ttbAb S
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j ^wpfT j ottfjywtT^o\ wW flliHlll itm * ^r^w wiipu^ema  ^ow o^noomn m wtltltiw^T fW "VtWwifflfffilTTlTH,
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Jk^^^^^^~ ^_^_m bl^jLubm^g|^|^^bg^g^^m«^AmttA tA^^^^tt^^^^ At^^»o^^j^ .
m^m AU^m t^^r ■j^^.-^Bw ■■" ^^a -**^^^p-w ■^^■t^-^^-^b ^w mmijy ^^^^Ri^i^^mi^ m laaaMHIBtHp ^A1
l^^^l ^^^b ^Jt^^p -m^LJ^^ Jht dk ■Ml' uU^m| W t^AA ^^^^J^^Jt -^ujk^f It
^^^mA -^-^-^Wp Wm^^N* ^WH^^pf-^*-.^^J ^* ^j-^^7   ^^^" • ^^^^W -^H^^oAt^pA AAHAAAlP     op
I|l_ j^^^j^l|^^g|^^^ a^l ImI fl^it w^a |^y^j^| 1^^ a
mm^p m^^^pm^t^mt^t ^^o^^^^^im^^^^-*^m -**^^^^^ *^^^^w .m^^^^^o ^0*^^^ whmnmi^hv vi^w bm
t* tm-
nrnw     What »hsli h* done with |l!j«o»*o«l«»i tor It,    Wbentt now |l \
I Aenlt* atper b, fhe* th* sorptos jnywsy not otoot m*
i     »j #«< it Mnbiy *s*ieltnttA m-Uwion to mil tt.   THai'a the Sitlertnt-e.
* imrti-tn** xti* vm*t tlTsf ef etwr otlwr i«»d tl"* the Am*t*m** hotwim aftwsa-5
" fc?*wi ttttaAwpmA rat bm tn ittahlnt *»■ !'*'',■*, ♦*i»e»tBi»eo let f*«*«*l firtret**
* ttnmmi* of t*m*l t» ti* "nrW eosm-J n»f« and pmtotot eipwrtattM fee IMl
I wtm *f ib* **iiW. *»i io iAt0tt-m% m'ttoSt om oot btootto mf <&* niuAe
I tt**m.rm *»■* iw»**r»l*« rmAtia. nt «r*-PW#*. ;
* mmtitt**-*. A;*4 tills ttvelrf le wwhjsawI "fhero'o my answer to y*m pom*-'-
' m ii»r4.M,w#. %e*mm H m otprAhtm, tmmmon. bt remwttnt Am t«».
f •>»' h* **e pfrr»t* *»^-WIT#Tf*t ef f»«W-Irtrtft fiwffirfer worn Wl flW ttM PI'
Ami*. flsttt-aatieosl   »r»«e.
J'i   :*
|* <,'*.**,■,,-§,
r, OtVtttntA AWOnt  Af Tlrmm* WNis tpPa Ofi*ff
^ „._.._       a tfmm^^A1 ^^-ml^^^^A *^^^^^^^^^^m   pAAb-mtg^ MV^R SPOTIBVmM
S^^^^_ ^i^_-tm ^JA aL^^J^^^^-^^^^^^jg^^^ ei^^^^^* w 4^u^^J| ^M ■fc^^^ akgiJ^   ^j|  ,
wmpmimi-w iw>>|m^^m^w wsmismewHPMiimf 1
g^^^^^^H^m^ mt ^m^^j^m gnAgm^ «ajy| IL|>Jb_| » uLJ       w ^^^^^^^^^^jA ^. m^^^^^P^
■Wn llVniBffm WNBivVmBm    ■mWnf^tKmm oMMfi
^h^^» gj^^ j^^^^y^^jjj^j^l ^|^|^^»^|^ii^^'^s^^^^XTT*
nu hi
~~- m
am Buk
* III I* I Mil
s-v»»u:m -:»!<• this *l4#!*« »# |tto«*o «**rs the»ielvtt~~*Bi»eryho|y*s,
Ht .*ii*t***4t* ttoAt noi m-fttotm&m. -vtsanotsafjn
otnusfvwasanasr rtcrr^raxiryxsuflr
. By Ashid Hoamur.
With the forst of the Dardanelles
slowly crumbling Into dust under the
heavy cannonading of the allied fleet,
with the ^massing of the huge Turkish
army and ]tfie landing of a strong force
of allied soldiers, it is possibly but a
question of time before the fate of
Constantinople will he settled. That
the Ottoman Empire is not certain of
its ability to hold the city is indicated
by the reports that it has removed
all its holy relics, Its archieves, as well
_ as tbe Sultan's harem, to the first
Turkish capital, Brousa.
(There is not another city in'Europe'
which nations, have eo much desired
to conquer and possess as Constantinople, Now, even ibefore Its fate has
been established, Russia is casting
greedy eyes and weaving sweet dreams
a>bout the picturesque mosque eity.
But whatever nation will raise Its emblem over the' gorgeous palaces of the
mosque of Ahamed and the marvelous
Church of St. Sophia, lt seems certain
that the day of the Turk in Europe
is a thing of the past.
•The Imperial city of Istamboul, as
the .Turks call it, is situated at the
junction of the.Bosporus and the Sea
of iMarm'ora. !The northern part of the
city ls bounded by the harbor, known
as the Golden Horn, which Is part of
the iSea of Marmora, and is considered
one of the finest„harbors In the world.
Its founder, Constantino I., built the
city on seven hills, forming a triangle.
To protect it from Invaders he had
giVen orders to' construct high and
heavy walls about ..the city. -More
than 40,000 , Goths were employed in
its construction and it was not till a
century after the dedication of the
city before the Walls were actually
The history of the city is .marked
by continuous battles for Its existence
and continuous struggles with invading armies. It wag on the 29-th day of
May, 1453, that tbe city fell into the
hands of the Turks. Thoso were the
great and glorious days when the
Turks spread llk& a plague all over
the continent. After one of the most
famous sieges known to history, Constantinople surrendered to the Turkish conquerer, Sultan Mohammed II.
Twice ibefore had the beautiful city
been captured, once by the Venetians'
and the second time by Crusaders.
Strange as it may seem, Constanti
nople fell Into the hands of the .Turks
by strategic war tactics similar to
those employed by tbe allied forces
now In driving them out of it. The
Turkish conqueror entered Constantinople in triumph after a prolonged
and combined land and sea attack.
The stubborn fight put up by the Byzantines cost the'Turks heavy in the
loss of human life. It was a terrible
siege, and notwithstanding that the
fortunes of the way had gone against
the defenders of the city almost from
the beginning, the Turks paid a heavy
price for their victory and the capture of the city.
The terrtble slaughter of humans
and the Indescribable barbarities perpetrated by the Turks after their victory finds no equal in the history of
human warfare. Angered by the long
delay they were compelled to suffer
and the stubborn resistance offered by
the .Byzantines, the Turks assuaged
their spirit of revenge by the cruelest
and most inhuman deeds known to
man. The brave' Qreek Emperor,
Constantino XI., died In the thick of
the fighting and the wild Turks, in-
f.trlated with the battle, poured' in
ovor his dead boJy to plunder and de-
vallate the most wonderful of Europe's capitals.
While the political future of Constantinople and its results upon the fortunes of the present war are already
the, object   of    much grave concern
still the fall of the city has many
more points of interest than merely
from a political standpoint.    For centuries it has.been tbe dream of every
archeologist and every historian and
scholar to' be able some day to penetrate the mysterious vaults   of   the
famous Church  of  St. Sophia.     The
church originally was constructed by
Constantine In 32b* opposite his royal
palace and was dedicated to Sophia,
the Goddess of Divine Wisdom. As it
exists today It is one dt the greatest
buildings In the world ahd was reconstructed by Emperor Justinian.     Its
architects  were Anthemios, of Tral-
eis, and   Isidores,   of   Mlletos,   both
prominent in history.     In   1847   the
famous Italian architect, Fossati, undertook a thorough restoration of the
One of the characteristics of the
■Moslem religion Is its, belief in the
Banctlty of the written word. "What
Is written with a pen you shall not
chop out even with a hatchet," ls one
of their proverbs. Amd it is this religious canon that has through the
ages preserved thousands of. valuaJble
documents, which may now be brought
to life again by the fall of Constantinople. While the Turks have not
spared human life when the city fell
into their hands, .while great masterpieces of sculpture and statuary were
of no value to the wild hordes, the
sacred canon protected the written
word. When the Greeks saw that the
fail of the -city was but a question of
a short time they hid all their valuable documents and manuscripts in the
vaults of St. Sophia, and there covered with the dust of ages, it reposes
now, untouched, by human hands.
Students of Greek and Byzantine
literature claim that a renaissance
greater than the Greek might result
in the restoration of the precious
hidden manuscripts. It is what is
burled, beneath the treasured, sacred
and mysterious vaults of St. Sophia
that has awakened the keen interest
of the archeologists and the students
of Greek history and literature. The
vaults have been always jealously
guarded by the Turkish Government
and no outsider ever was allowed to
penetrate Its depths.
It seems an irony of fate that Great
Britain, which in the past three centuries,  and   more  especially   during
the last ninety years, has always intervened ln behalf of Turkey, always
protecting them from the loss of Constantinople, should row be taking the
leading part in ihe v.resting of tlint
marvelous city of beauty from them.
It is Indeed, a pill too bitter to swallow.     In 1855 Great Britain went to
war in its desire to protect the Turkish Empire from the invasion of the
Russian bear.   In 1877, when the victorious  Russian  forces  had  reached
San Stefano, that is to say actually
within sight of the city, almost under
the walls of Constantinople,   it   was
robbed of its fruit of victory by an
ultimatum  from England, backed, of
course, by Its mighty fleet in the Dardanelles and the Ssea of Marmora. Had
it, not been for the English Intervention Constantinople might bave, perhaps, today tborne a Russian  name.
Up to recently England feared Russia
at.  Constantinople,   as   Russia   might
from  there attack the route leading
to England's Indian Empire.
From the days of Peter the, Great
it has always been the fond dream of
ths Russians to conquer the Turks
and capture Constantinople. Even
Catherine the Great had fond hopes
of transferring her capital from Pet-
rograde to the city of the Ottoman.
The mighty Russian Empire always
longed for an ice-free harbor, and
Constantinople Is exactly that harbor.
Russia needs for the development of
her trade.
-The present attack on the Darda
nelles marks a most astounding change
in British' policy, a change brought
about by the danger threatening from
Germany, Half a century ago Great
Britain went to war against Russia.
The popular war song of that time end-
el with the"line, "Russians shall not
have Constantinople." Today it is
Russia that shall have the city so as
to prevent it falling under the domination of Germany.—*N. Y. Call.
"The man who is fooled with hiB
eyes open is thrice fooled." "People
progress as they learn from past experiences. 'It has ever been the "apparent inefficiencies of prevailing methods that have been the unconscious
spur to inventors, scientists and statesmen. For centuries the common people of the world struggled for that opportunity for popular or democratic
rule and a wider expression of human
wants and needs in their affairs of
government. It has been only as the
submerged class in each era have risen
to participation In affairs of government that these changes have been accomplished. For countless centuries
society ordained that the worker must
be kept submerged and in the vain effort to continue this policy tells us of
many ibloody wars that have been
In no stage of the world's progress
have the highly intellectual element
in society kept pace with the demands
of those who have been pushing their
way  through  class antagonism  to  a
position of vantage.     For the most
part their voices have always  been
raised in warning to a privileged class
that to allow the workers a voice In
their own government was to invite
disaster.   Even after the early.settlers
of America had left their fatherlands
to escape the inequalities and injustices of class-ridden Europe, we read
that they early established practically
the  same  distinctions  in  citizenship
in their new homes.    From the early
settlement of this land to the  time
when the merchant class, provoked to
rebellion over the imposition and enforcement of the stamp tax, declared
their independence from  the galling
sovereignity of an/Slien power.
Any hopes that may have "been en-.
tertained that the birth of the new ]
nation would mean the extension ofj
the liberties of the artizan must have
received a rude shock in the face of
the utterances of men like Alexander
Hamilton who fought hard, long and
with some success for the1 safeguarding of the public weal from the clamor-
lngs of the untutored mob.     While
religious freedom was guaranteed this
was of small consequence to the many
who were still denied, for various reasons, participation In their own government
Even the fairest aninde^ "it our forefathers were prone to reg^d with suspicion any move that. w^ldUend to
give the people & larger v°ice in their
government.     Early  att-^pt at organizing labor were not <7nly severely
condemned but drew dow*1 on the active agents the determined opposition
of those  who had  intre0cbed  themselves ib&hind the powers that held the
reins of control.     While it is true that
the American revolution Marked the
advent of an important cii^hge in government, in no sense of tl1^ word did
it confer any greater freeda.m on the
masses.     We find that tPe traffic in
"indentured" servants   continued   for
thirty-six years after we P^d become
a  "free"  nation..    "Indei^hred"  servant differed only fiom a chattel slave
in that his servitude was f°r the payment' of   debts   he   had  Contracted.
They were bartered in as *uher merchandise.
Many of those who \vefe foremost
ln their advocacy of the hel'^f that "all
men were born free and ^ual" were
most pro-slavery in their sentiments,
and all must admit that freedom can
not exist in reality, unles^ it encom-
passos nil humanity. We have various testimonials from legislators of
the.N'ew England section of that period that the industries of tl'^ir section
had found it cheaper to j'^y a daily
wage than to hold slaves lhey Were
forced to keep. In the SoU^iland conditions were different; cl^iate, surroundings and industry. HB«If, were
more favorable to the exploitation of
the chattel and they oppotf^d any jn-■
trtislon in their affairs. j
It is significant that tho J^eat abolitionists of that day were as Outspoken
in thoir defense of the wnftMrorkers
us tliey were in their co'iide^uatioii of
chattel slavery as an liistitv-tiou mid
some of our earliest appro^hg literature on the organization of Workmen,
so far as this country is concerned,
owes its origin to those ur^ve souls
who despised anything that 6<lvored of
oppression. These were p°t blinded
because tbe black man jvatf a chattel
and the white man a supposedly free
agent. The modern industrial methods were in the bornlng jihd with a
prescience and discernment 'hat is today denied to many advance*1 thinkers
realized that the power tl"U owned
theni would own the men *°*t women
that were compelled to seek employment for a livelihood.
(As the change in Industrial methods
took place there came Into prominence
a type in our political syst^hi whose
sole function was to enact ^ch laws
and initiate such court pro-^dure as
would tend to safeguard th-3 peculiar
interests of the owning class- To all
intents and purposes the staphs of the
artizan and mechanic had ohflhged but
little and that of the labour none,
when the Civil war cast Ita i*oud over
the nation. Real progress in the af-
fairs of the Worker, in this land owes
its origin to the, conditions brought
about by this same war. In the 15
years following the conclusion of the
war between the Xorth and the South,
the Knights of Labor, the American
Federation of Labor, various railroad
brotherhoods and other internationals
were given birth. Co-incident with
this activity on the industrial field
came efforts to secure polijical betterment.
Organized workers played no small
part in the brief but turbulent career!
of many political parties since the war
in an effort to accomplish the betterment they have sought, and have sue
ceeded in having written on the statute books of state and nation many
laws of a beneficial nature. With
the vast power that is at present entrusted to the United States Supreme
Court or the high courts in the various states very many of these laws
have been declared unconstitutional
and thereby ineffective. But with all
the obstacles that have been confronting their progress it can be said for
the progressive unions of the land that
they accomplished wonders in the way
of betterment.
In many of these bills jokers have
been inserted by the sponsors of the
measures   with   the   knowledge   that
their presence would render them Ineffective.     Tliis has called the attention of thinking workers to the fallacy \
ot electing alleged friends to political j
office and expecting them to remain
impervious  to  the  blandishments of'
controlling faction in government. The
crust of political  prejudice  that  has
hedged the industrial worker has been
partially broken and the future promises a wide departure in the way of
political activities.     While there are
ultra-conservative leaders who will decry any efforts at independent political
action there is a militant minority who
are ever striving to broaden the views
of the rank and file.
The impotence of expecting a government composed of a class antagonistic to their interests to do otherwise
than uphold present existing methods
is being borne home to the worker in
an impressive manner. Labor Is battle-scarred from a thousand encounter
with the employing element but
through all holds silently to its program of betterment. So far as the
great movement of labor is concerned
the defeats at. Lawrence, Patterson,
the Cour de Alenes, tbe almost continuous reign of oppression in Colorado coal districts, the Michigan outrage, the Xew.Jersey massacre are but
Interludes before the dawning of a better day. Having struggled down
through centuries of blinding ignorance, oppression and outrage the
knowing men of la,bor appreciate that
alli_the8e_man.lf*sta*->«na—«'--°—'*n==" -
pearing rule are the outer works that
will finally lead to the breast-works
of the enemy and have no lingering
doubts as to the' final outcome of tha
The fact that child labor is fast being abolished In states where,decency
has gained the ascendancy; the acknowledgement by a, majority of th»
population of the nation that women
should not be compelled to work the
long hours as dictated by a monetary
control that has no sympathies for human advancement; that men high in
the councils of the nation have spoken in no uncertain terms, denunciatory
of the oppressive  tactics of modern
industrial  methods are all evidences
of a steady progress.    The lines must
be more clearly defined on the political field than hitherto; workers must
vote for workers io represent them in
the councils of state and nation. These
workers must be cognizant    of    the
eternal struggle that is ou and must
be In sympathy with the cause and
program of laibor that there may be
no hitch.
Women must be encouraged in their
efforts to gain that universal suffrage
that tliey seek.     Those who oppose
these rights are the same that oppose
all human advancement.   Paid lackeys
: of a dominant clique must be relegat-
I ed to private life that the worker may
, receive that Justice that is his due,
* Gold  must be dethroned and  human
, rights inust be given the ascendancy.
The road to happiness lies straight before us.    The superstitions and myths
of a by-go:ie age must make way for
the triumphal march of the advocates
of decency and justice.     Society must
control  the  machinery of production
and  the natural resources of wealth
instead of being shackled to the chariot wheels of those' who are in private control of these elements'of our
very existence.—Wyoming Labor .lour-
Nothing hat ever
equaled or compared
with the medicinal fato
in Soott'a Emulsion to
•rrest the decline, invigorate
the blood, atrengthen the
k nervoue system, aid the appetite and restore the courage
L  of better health.
Soott'o Emuhkm ie
Pure hmmtth-tHtlltl-
Ingfood, without
harmful drugi.
'   /
As an Advertising Medium is With
out Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause* The workers own the paper and control its
policy* All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. S*
We have looked through pm paper with considerable care tnd interest We might ttkt this opportunity to express our appreciation for the sendee as rendered so far, We would also add that it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we
have run across in some time. ••MES-
•=a-Tr- ~i~:
'&§* M&itul £&%**
Published every Thursday evening at ift office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
•;olor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No, 48       Post Office Box No. 380
One vory important clause in tlie proposed
iii-i is the recognition of the rights of dependents
nn' resident* in Mritish (.'oluinhiii. The government could not very well introduce a compensation hill without making such provision, however.
I'm- the workers of llritish Columbia, and-dependents generally, are indebted to the mineworkers
of Di.sirict IS, United Mine Workers of America,
and llie metalii'erousmineworkers of District (i, \Y.
I'\ of .M., who fought tlie action of Jvruz v. Crow's
Nest Puss Coal Company right to the Privy Council
i'ud secured justice for the dependents of the 'deceased Kruz, Avho was an Austrian with a wife and
iaiuily in that country. It is safe to assume that
lhe Honorable \Y. K. Koss would not want to venture into this riding with this election tit-hit if sucji
•clause were not, included, for he was acting as
adviser for the coal company when the legal "joker" was discovered (?) in tlie'present aet.
the politician's viewpoint, the threatened
created     the     psychological     moment
for introducing this piece of remedial legislation,
but il is rather unfortunate that'the Attorney-Genera) did not (as he promised) avail himself of, the
many essential features contained in some of the
United States compensation laws. Both the "Washington; Oregon and Ohio acts contain features that
might, and we hope will, be embodied in this act.
To analyze and compare with all tho compensation legislation available' would'hike considerable
time and space, but the permanent partial disability
clause of the proposed,act (clause :58) leaves room
for much dissent-ion and 'quibbling.- True, Chaise
41 partly explains how ''average earnings are to be
computed." but what  will happen, hi the ease of
TrTrTTTieTnjri-nTr^WTTTriTiis woilTwTten sums per month
u>r less) for the last twelve mouths?** Will that be
considered as his "average" ,' We hope not. The
introduction of ii -minimum liability is just as .necessary as a maximum if tlie worker is to derive any
leal benefit. ■ The Ohio (U.S.) act provides a minimum of .«(;,"» per week, and this, or some equitable
amount should be provided for the IV C. act.
Another important feature that is conspicuous by
its absence is the (piestion of medical nssistaneeitnd
'hospital charges, A man mny be injured and t'he
bulk of his compensation will he absorbed by specialists' fees and hospital expenses. Tliis has ■'happened before and will occur again. Several locals
called attention at lhe recent convention held iu
Lethbridge lo eases in their own liiein'bership where
ii had been found necessary lo assist ii brollier who
ri'i|iiired special treatment. This is always a cosily
item, entailing as it invariably does a long railway
journey and a big fee for the operating specialist.
The'Ohio act provided a maximum of #200 for
medical aKsiftaiiee,
There are many points in the proposed ael lhat
an* good, and there may be points that are not particularly beneficial lu lhe worker, therefore we advise him to study lhe nel. \\;U'u*U we will publish in
lull nexi week. If he does tliis. when llie "solicitors for his confidence and vole" arrive, he will be
in a po«iliou to ipleslion these gentry us lo whnt
tliey are prepared In do for those Ihey are never
tiled of Mating llley " lepreneilt.'"
A philosopher of rather vinegary temperament
onee remarked that most men when they tell the
truth do so unconsciously—'that is, they do so 'by
accident. Xow to every rule there is an exception
and we will be generous to think that fhe following
is one of the exceptions. (Possibly our remarks
are tempered by the fact thai being human our
selves, should we err, will require the same generous
"To qualify for the suicide club, the Conservative party of British Columbia has only to
propose to do some more financing for Mackenzie & Mann,"—Fernie Free Press.
Science tells us that there is nothing so consist-
on'!*'as'change. There is not! In the Spring of
.19'12! the McBride Railway policy was hailed liy our
contemporary as the only possible means of securing prosperity for this province; today it is a qualification for the Suicide-Club. Why this change?
Scientific—purely.'-   Y-e-s; why sure!
It has been suggested by sofae of the "faithful"
who bask in the sunshine of good Conservativeistn,
"that the Mackenzie & Mann outfit has nol used
these funds, or contributions, from the provincial
government strictly for the purposes for which they
were granted; and if they have used them, have
not used them upon construction; that work has
been.badly done and inoney^squniulered. This m-ay
or may not be true, and so far as we are concerned
will express no opinion. The Mackenzie & Maim
corporation is not building railways for the benefit of British 'Columbia's populace—they are building them for profit, and if they soak all they decently or indecently can out of the government, we
do not, feel disposed to complain, but would suggest that the government build the railroads for
the USK OF THE PEOPLE and cease to subsidize
construction companies-who build for profit.
It would be just as well if a few of the intellectual
scribes at present engaged in wasting ink ahd soiling paper would ask themselves,'the simple (pies-
lion: Am 1 in business for my health or lo make
money? When they liave succeeded in answering
this simple question! it is possible that they will understand why Mackenzie' & Mann are not disposed
to turn philanthropists for the benefit of the lt. C.
Change is constant, but. the trouble is there has
been no change so far as the railroad constructor
i.-. concerned. In 1912 he was Out for all he could
get and he is after the same thing this year. Public
opinion has changed, and the people of Canada are
slowly but .surely awakening to the fact that -a
change iu our method of'government is necessary.
The question every voter will have to ask himself
is: How long will it take the Conservative government (or any other party government) to realized
jjijit thn lireseiit r'/impetMiiia^'iiliiuM-ii-^n oth j Dg-ieSS
than a Suicide Club?
flict by inducing Servia to accept Austria's ultiraatunf (particularly in view
of Austria'* torqjul engagement not to
annex Servian territory) or localize1! it
by standing, aside. England held tbe
deciding balance "of power over Iho
governments directly Implicated i.i the
dispute, and .could probatory have
checked the hostile developmeits of
the diplomatic negotiations by a timely and unambiguous threat of militaiy
intervention in case of war. As to
France, she was no party to the dispute. Her national Interests \v-?re
not directly threatened or involved.
She was drawn into the war purely on
account of her defensive-offensive alliance with Russia, an unnatural mes-
ailliance, which never had the sanction
of the progressive elements of her
The mobilization of the Austrl-w
army forced Russia to similar measures. Germany could not remain in
a state of military unpreparednoss
while Russia was mobilizing her troops
and concentrating thwn partly an the
Oerman frontier. The mobilization
of (iermnny forced France to :ollow
suit. Each nation made frantic appeals to the other to demobilize pen 3-
iiii? negotiations for peace. Xone of
theni dared to comply—to trust its
An attempt to charge any of the
warring powers with the strategic offensive would be almost as fruitless as
the effort to fix definite responsibility
for political or diplomatic aggression.
Immediately upon the declaration of
war the hostile forces rushed upon
one another and boundaries were freely and simultaneously crossed on Pll
sides. While Germany was conducting a purely offensive campaign in
Helglum, she found herself compelled
to defensive action in Alsace-Lorraine.
In the Eastern theatre of war the cam-
paign is conducted impartially on German, Austrian, Russian and Servian
territory and each of the countries ia
engaged in an offensive and a ilefen-
sive campaign either alternately or at
the same time. The English troops
'Iglit on French and Belgium territory
against the German foa. Xot a single
military force, with the sole excep
tion of the Belgian, has remained
within the confines of its own country
wholly engaged In the defense of its
boundaries against an invading enemy.
Who then Is the aggressor'
While this war lasts and the partisan passions engendered by it survive
the question ls bound to remain mooted. The dispassionate and enlightened historian of a more remote future
will probably discard its very formulation. He will not judge the nations,
but the conditions which have forced
the nations, all nations, into tins'
world crisis.
For back of the political IntrlgiiPB
jind -diplomatic bickering vr-Mcli-hava.
conflict. And finally the p'eftce advocates in the United States can well at
ford an attitude of superior criticism
against some or all of the Socialist
combatants. Their country is about
four thousand miles removed from the
actual theatre of the war.
Thus the differing war attitudes of
the 'Socialists of the various countries
is to be accounted for not on, ideologi
cal grounds, not on the theory that one
part of the Socialist International has
remained true to its principles, while
another portion has betrayed them
over night, but by the much simpler
explanation that the Socialists of each
country have jielded to the inexorable
necessities of the situation, and to the
extent exacted by these necessities.
The Socialists of all belligerent countries have temporarily surrendered,to
the compelling forces of the great
world catastrophe, but in no country
have they abandoned their faith in the
eventual coming of the brotherhood of
all men. In no country have they
modified their determination to continue their struggle for lasting peace
firmly rooted in social justice.
il'hyslcally the Socialist' International lies bleeding at the feet of the Moloch of capitalist militarism, but morally and spiritually It, remains unscathed.—Metropolitan  Magazine.
sands bf .'miners marched to .Motherwell to hold mass meetings in protest.
Train loads of hussars were despatched to the troubled area. The supposed, riot, never materialized,'
The quarries near Hamilton was the
scene of the skull cracking by policemen's clubs, that banished fprever the
idea of success by a national strike.
iSmillie staggering with fruitless
resistance gave up the ghost in future and advocated the nationalization
of mines.
The threatening attitude    of.   the
military authorities in England against
labor disputes clears Ute horizon of
the notion of state]1 Socialism.
Labor ' struggles •' throughout the
known world havef suffered defeat at
'the hands of those in control of the
state. >
•The working class are powerless to
break their chains of, slavery without
first seizing the Government. -Another opportunity is given you, therefore,
to register the blow that will span
the gulf that separates you from freedom. (J.'.PATON.
►V? >:
"A growing tendency among the diseiples of
Marx'to convert tlie interpretation of history into
a'sort of 'economic fatalism,' in which man stands
as a mere pygmy in the process of social evolution,
lends a detrimental nud erroneous light to he theory
itself. Marx and Kugels. time and again, refer to
this (piestion in tlieir works, and always with a decided disapproval of the new light east upou lhe
lhenry.* 'Man makes his own history.' is only one
of the many quotations lhat could be brought to
show the true Marxian aspect upon this (piestion,
True, man does nol make history out of the air.
'but out of such conditions that he finds at hand.'
which means that mau does not stand mh n pygmy
before the wheel of evolution, but ax an effectual
power in directing the Hiinie. Marx gives mini the
first consideration iu social progress,*'
The above is culled from nu lu'tiole by Marx hewis
appearing in this issue. Il is au education in ilsc!!'.
and (he reader might peruse il not once, bul twice
or three times.
We'have to call lhe attention of our readers to
tbe new War Tax tflanip which -rumen into forco
on April loth, Cai'lessnesH may cause the senders
of letters ion«idcrahle inconvenience, nn all lefterH
I •listed without the War Tax Stamp will be forwarded lo tlie Dead lictter Office, Therefore n«ad the
regulations carefully and nave both friend* aud gi'lf
disappointment and annoyance,
British Columbia is now on the eve
of another political tussle, and just
as to who will pull the levers for the
next term depends greatly upon the
mental development of the proletarian
voter of B. C.
Tlie present Industrial conditions
throughout the province, coupled with
the European war, and the justice meted out to the miners during the strike
on the Island, may work miracles in
the resuit of the .Provincial election.
The narrow margin gained over the
Socialist candidate in the last election
should act as a stimulas for the miners and other wage workers in the
Fernie riding during the coming struggle.
The writer has been for upwards of
211 years a scientific black diamond
cutter, nud coming from the great coal
zone of Fernie, has every confidence
in the ability of the miners to grasp
the power of solidarity on the political
as well as the industrial field. The
failures of miners in their struggles
with coal operators for a living wage
and the elimination of rotteii conditions obtaining in mines of which they
were subjected to have not been lost.
The historical struggle of miners
carries me back 35 years when barefooted and hungry 1 travelled to heai
Keir Hardie address a meeting of striking miners. The miners and their
wives at this time were very enthusiastic .and determined to win the
struggle: TnW^W'ne9"^-ft~wTlirTlap"
composed of handkerchiefs fastened to
poles aud marched to the selected spot
The meeting was arranged to he held
on the banks of the water Ayr, Well-
wood, near Muirkirk, Ayrshire, Scotland. Keir Hardie at thia time was
merely a youtii in agitation and had
very little conception of the material
world around htm, and no knowledge
of the workings of capitalism. The
slogan of the miners' leaders waa, as
a rule. "Stand fast, und you are sure
to win." but with few exceptions'the
opposite was generally the result. The
Wellwooit strike, not being one of the
exceptions, was lost.
The Scottish coal strike of 1S»I was
led by such notables as Robert fimlllle.
President of Federation of 'Minors.
Drown of the Lothian*, Glliuor of Lull-
arkalilre. and Chisholm Robertson of
Stirlingshire. Lanarkshire being the
principal mining centre was curefully
watched mid supplied with scabs,
Lancashire police were shipped from
ICiiglutid to Hamilton district to protect the HPntos from the pickets, *Boer,
probnbly drugged, wan supplied In
abundance by the capitalist and their
flunkies. The police became drunken, aloberlng chuuks of human flesh,
"We are only little ones, but we know Zam-
Buk eased our pain and cured our sores.* Perhaps it would cure you. too, If you tried it?"
Xm't this, sound *dYioe from
"bftbM uid sucklings"? Tske it■
The speakers ar* toe children of
Mn. E. Webster, of Beignenra St,
Montreal, wad Hhn mother adds
weight to their appeal. She says:
"My little girl oontmeted ecsJp
diseose at eehool. Bad gatherings
formed «U over her head, and not
only caused the child Acute pain
but made her very ill. The sores
discharged, and occurring on the
■calp we fesred she would lose
all her hair, She waa in a pitiable
plight -when we tried Zam-Buk,
> bat a few daya* treatment with this
balm gave her ease. Then the
sores began to heal, and we eon-
tinned the Zam-Buk treatment.
in a short time ahe wasquite healed.
" My little boy sustained a serious scald on the neck. It' aet up
a bad sore, and quite! a few thinga
we tried, failed to heal it or give
him ease. Once more we turned
to Zam-Buk, aiid we were not
disappointed. Tt acted like a
charm in drawing away the pain,
and soon healed the wound."
Zam-Buk is "lomothing different" in the way uf balms, It
containapo vrerful beal ing herbal essence*, which, asFOOntmapplied
to skin aUe-Mos, kill od the germs and end the painful Ginnrting
Other esioncee contained in Zara-lluk eo stimulate the -colli that
new healthy tiuuo it cpeedily forn ed. Eczenia,itch, *uloer**J, cold
sores, abscesses, fostering sores, blood poisoning, chronic wounds,
eold cracks, etc., are healed and cured in this way. Ust it for all
-skin injuries and diwase*. It is also of great service for piles. All
i drafrgists and stores at 50 cento box, or Zam-Buk Oo., QVnonto,
Send ut 1 cent
stamp for postage, and ire will
mail trial box
free. Mention
tbls paper.
Socialism And War
Why tha Socialists Fight
Ity   MorrtM Hillquit
tf'xhttMsi  nf illl  countries I'll
ik !..»• noritl *ar )u practically
I *lu> forcsnko her ally who, Affording
tj» the Herman -coiiM-pllon* aa expressed In the Knitter's proclamation of
AiiBimi «, wss "flj|liMiin tor her portion nn a nrent pow<>r and with whose
liitiilllmlon our power and honor
would be equally lost." Belsium and
franc*' were almost physically forctd
into tlii* war. nrasl Britain could
nol passively permit Oermany to tio-
hiiti* U* leterniti'enil treaty nhl'satiatis.
ushered in this ivar there lies the commercial competition between Bag)-, nd
and Germany, the colonial rivalry between tier-many anil France; the conflicting cravings of Russia and Aiwlrla
for an outlet on thc Adriatic, the critical .Morocco and Agadir Incidents, the
recent Balkan war, and all the acute
quarrels of the capitalist governments
oi modern Europe,
Let us assume that in the accounts
between the belligerent nations one of
them will 'be found chargeable with a
honvler balance of Immediate responsibility than the others. Would that
relieve the people of the guilty country from the necessity of righting (ff
the threatened Invasion of the enemy?
.f a war be frivolously and criminally
InHled by the Kovern,m<)nt and m':t-
tiiry clique of a cauiurv, the vlotorlo'ts
hontlle troops would not limit thnn
selves to a primitive expedition against
the Riillty parties, but by millltnry
usage und necessity, would visit their
vengeance primarily on the people;
Hack their villages and towns, destroy
their I'ffl.t* and homes, impose thoir
rule on them, and Impair their stnig-
gU<» ror economic and political freedom.
Tho danger of a country threatened j fncap«We "of .anything"hu^lne.
hy foreign Invasion li not less real be-1 At thp ,u1(|r Q. m 0M mml i]w
iai.se li hns been brought about by the j ,„,,„,«, ^^ wlth the men 0rt plc.
arrogance or wklcaaneaa of Ita ownjket d wh|d, wwUw| ,„ m mtk
Rnvxniment. f n building I. on fire Lf 1|lannor|cb„rn Mn„ f ht w„
the tenant, will i* impelled by their       ,„ m wUh Ihe      m „ iW-
insthin of self-preservation lo fight U|<f    „ce vlctorkmil.    The cloudll of
.he flames, even .hough they knotv ihe.   voh ^^ Wm|w    the     |m of
in   n be nf t„,,,„l u-y origin, v^,,4 < „„, „Mw| pre(lom,nBtlnr.   Tho„.
|j.v tho owner for tho |iun>o»e of roi* |
|»>(*f IHtf     t.mm     lt\mtt**mmt*A t\**lnr     sthan »£5fiH5£KS!^^
II THE   It A s"1864
Head Office, Toronto James Mason, General Manager
Branches and connections throughout Canada
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager
VIOTORIA AVI,, -:- -:- PIRNII   B. 0.
fire  Insuranre.
tliey  hsve  stihdued  the
Only wht»n > ^h
flamis nnd
IiiiirIh their way to aafety will ihey'
tl'*l»l' of sqiiarInK their iff omit* wph ;
ihelr greedy and criminal landlord.
It Is this primordial instinct of national self-preservation which In tbt
last analysis account* for the "war-
District ef Kootenay
"■ xteTjAk&m
timS** h
and peaceful security as weVI,
With a policy lu our oM line
company, you can go off on yonr
vacation or vlelt the ends of th*
eBrth and vou kno? you're secure.  The neat ln
Is always cheapen* onA especially so when It doesn't cost
higher, Don't dcay about that
renewal or about that estra Insurance you want bnt come right
In at met and have It attended
* • t     ■
ALEX BBCK BLOCK, tx      '    rEHMIB, B. C
Take notice that WII.UAM 8CIIAIV
of Dull Illver, farmer, Intends to apply
tor permission to purchase the follow.
i-vepilon io this rule,
Tiie «rtcisli»i* of llelglwm. Knme,
U«'rw;ifn, AiimriH Jind «#rvts or* .1
mt»nt «t»«nlwMwi» In #«i5»j»ort of the mill-
If Ihey are .singled out for condemns-
(Inn. lt l« tn.iliily on the ground that
tlielt country I* iltf nggri'ssor In this
wnr.    Can we nvrept this charge aa
'Ihi' rtii-hllMii nf all coiuitrlt'S en-'aii inrtUpuUble fart?
s«»f, ik i.*'• »«»rid *«r iu practically     The critical and unbiased reader of ,r,"'h •"'•'•■w «"»'* lt«»-**,». <^*» ihe unit)! t-iw*. supiNirt their governments. ,t„. multi-colored official documents df |il!*l:«»eit Im»«imon) if Kurope nnd mill*
*...,; ,: ..... .,...„,..  iti  Mnl thtt xlmt. tn,,    belligerent    governments    will Mary and commercial anpertort:) over
,,,isnt-',untUy, -,'.. the -mu- Is J*»*l«».i   In,-»-.-,r,.h „i <-»in tm* -, convincing ans [ Kngtsnd
on mom h> tb* rime .t,Ml«Hl.. ; *„ i„ ,,- d.pl«( t.i. t^tonponiomo j    K«* of the warring mMion. had vi-, , ,imit„ ^ „„„,,,, ftf u, im, ^Uo
The covin .I nt 'he Xoctnimi* ofjat.'l iicgiitl-iiioii,'. pre iiIUir the war. t:d Interests ta dulend aud Mch *e*m-\ ', ' •"""""• "' ",p" "? n "' ; (.«^ to elialttit wore or tasa to « post
, I'liiiMe ani tu-^uii,. in Dili, in mi-ets Kici.t euiiiiiry msik"- mil a plausible rt to be anxious lo prenette lho«« in-1 "'*'"' «w"»n<f» j"* under |wru*MjAr |<ot ,w^, fj,^nr# „owt}, m Chsin«
j, wiih w.-i.c-i' :i;.|.im,il on iln- KmiiH.il \ <■ t*>' "' nHttpttNiii'i »#lf ikfcnsr iiiwl I n*i*-*l* *lll*«w«t i» Miugntnary «wanirl.|[""' .l\'!'^"'l!,,,,_Ji,U!".i.*:*^fJ*!!^ *.*^!.!!??!.*_*'_!!WIA_1?.Ji^. tU1*^** *"*
, that their wMiitiic* nre tiiKaawl in a : furiis-iie* (<r<»of of Ji»lllcn«» notrmn* * Ttt" t*ir*tttt ******"* wttmft** t*t t-rm »nv.
. ,H".*'ttm*r *m ,.«cn»i im- «b«i*»«»« . *ion nn Hie part ni iu opponent ftrmneni* In ihf Triple KnlfWc tr^t»*,»»,"l« *»wwww ia phyaicalij tbrent
, ;,,.,i,,,„     .      ti,.*  a>*»tAkxii.ii    ".      v*i*,u..i   **• »ui eu  io deliver MiatlMtctl by *»vi»ry ptg* of llw Englishi
i l.rntMRi in-.*!*'.* o* Mme tbni iimr >.»«» aiuiuntum l.y im> «pwi nnd %10-iWhliP Pafwr and th# Frewrh Vallowj"' "-'-"- -"~—"~ --" "V-;^,';,    Vebntntr l<Mh l»l&
pnlhtiatosm" of Hie people In all enun* \"»» <lM?rthed lands:
Wm tbmitpot hy tomtn ^.\tt!fig£&^
r*t»r*ll*tu oltbe tmmt. or obieeln ,*lUt*A and R^vent-vn  til**), west  W
Hi« wnr.    And iho Socialists form m (chains more or loss to the north-west
earner of hot 117: thence north 10
.huii.* t*4*i-if ui t*i*» loili* Mortk-eaat
eomrr of tatttst; th#n«» »»st two
chain* mora or t«a» to a point on
w#*t lln<' of Ut Strttt, tb»n«* south to
the I licit res of active welfare, ihidi  m»>nceme?ii conlilntne 40 ner*" witxr*
ttr ten*. ()|
■Km-ii ta t?Atii* mux-vine,    HA* Mumi-MM* * -AiiUJAit tkStiAit,^
Ki.slund and Kosala nm divkM ia     ... ....       Applicant,
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jenniog«, Prop. L. A. Mills, Mantg«r
Mtnu a Ut Carl*
it* fluhi ;»K,»iti*! ;i Htreitcnlng inmslon Mh»» dlslnicgrgiion of lhe  moimrihy.! while lhe pacific policy of IJermsny
it*    ihe VV*h*»e
irlcs tbete I* considerable Socialist it* \""
hhhIoij for uiul urinal tbe war uolti -
•*« wi  xnmt gwvwrwHMMW.     XottMn
ttm the <Mh*r hand It asay l*glitmat#-J **t*oi   mr   lla%»ls   ere   eerlonefy
SIm!tel«s. 8stfaW«i
\ nt tbe it tttt ..'ii troop?*. Meivl-i c!iyi!) ^,*iiu,i,'-t,ml'ti lit. perttir ' i* «ho«ii en *%to**oU
j     .,„..,.. i ,,»■ ...iih.ii Mmmiiu «r# iui»|Hi>iii»>n ny to* »c«»ptanf* of thf * Iteolr of that rfmntry,
; rlg-'n ur * rutin In Ihelr climate of the! main wlni* of Aimirii's wim-ows cob       „ —„ ..—, ..„ ,. t
' i either provable nor rery 'dtihui* ami hv the offer ot a rhlt ration' ly b* nnmetl thai -f»vcni one of the | fhf|l*IWM* "* t»oalll# l»f aalonor oe- TO BK -SOU* CHBAP—A number of
tbla *4»h«ld e««*,'<»» tttbtAt twrttory.    T%» R^; tehles tnd lltrhtu  chairs.     Awl)',
t ■-.-.,,.-..     99.    .
end  on   i»!a-i»lh>  nrunnAn  that  ihU  'If
t war pr***ot* t*> them a ca** of na
» fNn.'t'  (nlMf^n*.*   *ht*v it til  nor  con*
i 'if
iai»a«Mg.» of IJoyiMieorae. "ttmht <h# key to Korotwan o*»t* and dellh-1 fl»"**» «f th^ nmtml Baropeiua WBIi   iMpm Offlte.
nitxnit aside  with <roM*t ewsa i erati-ly reto»*A to na# IL     Aaistfla |,rl#" *l,,f w^l"1*** » ««•»«•» •■••'••f —-    —
■   tn rru uri.,..*!,.! vf V.vl, Um 'co«M Iuv. p»'^tr*\ Uv, **, b> «.,»'^"*'     ™*t am m «if not Irnwn      nm    *^y.
r, ^ ..._,,. i;,'ffh'"f',     Tbey nm m fur not Arnwn      nxm    'AAW.    CHVUP-T*ao4loriHi.
jM'looflj or dt-tthi»raieiy {*«*•#. the path Mter.   atid for fmtitienl nmmnt aheiwptiag tH*riln'n stibmlstlri* rwply sad '*■'* •*• "»«-dd«i|gf wrtei if nmotttmy: twy IHtle we»r; MltaMt ISsrj
,*,f   inttf. :'•'**,■    ■•?••', •■-:'-'    .,-^'M.irli:;-.  **.". :.,i t;   i j;iM   -^i  lu;i:ui«   \***u.**  *Wt.kk»«**»>  *%**t,*i i***-* i**iv**A »»ch bt-      *■    ■■ ■ •*   "*"'^  l'r*'»>  *,wkk'      **** "**« ¥etnie,
in t>miit oi linki-iltM.!* ilii'iSm-mntiMo- t» i»i»t«itie the predtimiiiant i*iw«r in eeptnotir hy the eatretae «f »«iflri*rit     *—*t**  ****    m* A     ***. IU--
rtalitta or* Anion precisely n* th# go** the itaSk.'-tnt     i-5*rw»*Ry **o»ld not rm- pt**mr* tm Ma sltr.    Rwtala tkHntot
rlali.u of the other Irt-lllrereni ntilon* mtin fnsetive in th« fuce of fhw moh-fthi» pnttifj of "Iti Httle hiothtr"    ft.
rtm n*KttT--9ifo*ttoomot tlottte.
-tbet nr* fighting for tt»*»r r««intry. lint*ttm ot timilno «nwp«. mr conld c«wld hw nt*n*tl lb* KotOpmit totf  STQ?3C09U3^cbJtAtSSti   Xpf**' l,3r" Mtt,fOT' ,-w**(l1' ttttlm.
Special Rate Boar a tnd Room by the wtek or month
fmnuiiiun Wau BtMUU ViLlitk
pwiR ^^tPPm o •■m ^^ommm ^^^^^^
ttk. ft Opvartft
kmohtoo >!«■ aatas
It.Mftlrvarii THE DISTRICT tJ&QE^VEXM&i B;C, APRILS; 1915
of Thc  District
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•*-*♦♦♦
Our" genial mixologist of the Club
journeyed to Pernie on Saturday to
welcome his wife and family on their
return from a vacation, spent in the
old country. .. The * adtilt "shiveree*
band, were on the' tfall on Saturday
night and a right royal time was, spent
in the vicinity of:Rlverside 'Avenue.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert-MoClpry left
camp on Saturday en route for Whitehaven, England.' We wish them a
safe journey.
' iMessrs. Stewart, Graham, Williams
and OlBrien were in camp on Sunday
morning visiting B. Xorth mine.
Mrs. D. Markland was admitted into
Fernie Hospital on Thursday last.
Pleased to report progress.
James Brooks, of Fernie, secured
the contract for kalsoniiiiing tbe
i.Mi". and Mrs. W. Wheeler have left
camp to "take up their residence in
West -Fernie.
The Rev. D. M. Perley of Fernie was
hi camp on Saturday officiating at the
naming ceremony of the Infant daughter of Mr. and -Mrs. Wm. Corlett.
Our local leather chasers assembled in full force on Victoria Park Sunday evening to participate ln a practice game. From the tryout we are
inclined to think that our chances of
securing some of the tinware are by
no means remote.
A meeting of all interested in the
game of lacrosse was called on Tuesday evening. Tlie secretary read out
a brief resume of the work done last
year, and we are pleased to report
that our juniors finished the season
with a little balance In the bank. As
there was only a small gathering of
adults present, it was decided to adjourn the* meeting until Tuesday evening next at 8 p.m., when officers for
the ensuing season will be elected.
Don't forget the time and place.
A case#of alleged assault with a pit
lamp was before the court in Fernie
last week and adjourned for eight
All local ".Moose" are requested to
try to put in an appearance at the K.
of P. Hall on "Monday evening next.
Matters of importance will be dealt
Mrs. Mason, oi Welsh camp desires
to thaiiK tbe Amateur Dramatic Society and all who in any way assisted
in the recent concert for her benefit.
Church Notices
Methodist Church—Wednesday, 7.30
p.m.,, pleasant hour. Sunday, 2.30
p.m., special Easter service; solos, etc.,
by the Sunday school scholars; 7.30
p.m., Special service, solos, quartette,
etc.; subject, "Immortality." Rev. J.
The Ladies Aid in connection with
the above church are holding an Ice
cream social in the church on Wednesday, April 7th, Any person hav.
iug games, etc., are klpdly requested to
bring same along with them. An enjoyable evening assured.
Presbyterian Church—Sunday, 2.30
p.m., Sunday school; 7.30 p.m., Easter
service; subject, "piirlst Risen from
the Dead." Preacher, Walter Joyce.
Solos, etc.     All welcome.
Benefit. Concert at Coal Creek Huge
The Amateur Dramatic Society are
to be highly commended for the splendid show put on under their auspices
on Wednesday evening last. The proceeds to bc devoted to the widow and
three children of the late Tom 'Mason,
THESE are times when
, every dollar of British Colum-
bwins  is   needed   in   British
When vou imv furoiffli-madc shoos {i__.very_Jarge_
who death took    place    some
months ago in Fernie Hospital.
Punctually at 7.30 p.m., Superintendent Caufield made a few very appropriate remarks, dwelling on the
good work of the "Amateurs" in all
concerts, etc. Charles Percy, the
"Paaderewski" of the company, then
gave a very pleasing overture.^ after
which the entire company rendered
the opening chorus, "Come Fairy Moon
light," which was well received. The
next number was the long looked for
attraction, which took the form of a
patriotic scarf drill splendidly executed by twenty-seven school girls under
the direction of Miss Townsend, to
whom great credit is due for the manner in which she had trained the children, the various evolutions receiving
well-merited bursts of applause. The
ever-popular comedian, John Hewitt
entertained the people in his own Inimitable style, and was followed by
.Mrs Birkett, who also found favor
with the assembly. The comedy trio,
consisting of Messrs. Percy and Hewitt
and iMrs, Percy, gave a glimpse of life
in the London suburbs iu a one act
play entitled, "That Brute Simmolids,"
each character being ably sustained
by the company. After the interval
onr local "Kubellk" rendered the overture, "Poet and Peasant," which secured unstinted appreciation. The
entire company then gave the glee,
"Come Where the Lilies Bloom."
Ueorge Mitchell, one of the junior
members, followed with a character
song, "The Waif." . Mrs. Percy rendered "My Bugler Boy" in fine style.
Mrs. 'Mitchell sang "Queen of Angels,"
nud had the pleasure of seeing and
hearing how; appreciative Coal Creek
can be, Miss Shenfield sang "I have
a Sweetheart, and Mother is Her
Xame," and the concluding Item of
the program, a very laughable farce,
entitled "That Rascal Pat." was staged. 'The following Is the caste:
D. F. Markland as..Chas. Livingstone
R. Billsborough a#... Major Puff jacket
\V. R. Puckey as  Pat Xoggerty
Doris  Xewbury as Laura
Ud Ith Joyce as   Xancy
After the floor had been cleared the
lovers of the "glid" enjoyed their
heart's desire to the strains of an
orchestra composed of Messrs, Percy
and Gaskell. Everybody voted the
event the best ever held in Coal Creek.
The committee of the Dramatic Society desire to thank,,Mr. Blakey, lhe
electrician, for the lighting effects, and
"ijoreentajjo "of tlio amount yon  pay leaves  tho
Province, permanently.
—the best the innrkct affords—is made in Hritish
Columbia bv British Columbians.- Whon you
buy LECKlfo SHOES every penny of your dollar remains right here at home. Remember
-Built for Wear, Style and Comfort"
two j the meeting, the income being $840.13
and expenditure $838.35; balance $1,78.
The following office bearers were nominated for the coming season: Hon.
President, O. E. S. Witeside; hon. vice-
presidents, G. Kellock, W. S. Bosworth; -President, G. Clair; vice-presidents, \V\ A. Davidson, K. W. Riddel!,
lt. S. .McKibhen, D. Davis, A. M. IMorrison, W. Xeedham; working committee, G. Fairhurst, chairman; W.
Cowan, secretary; D. Gillespie, treasurer; J. Bell, A, Anderson, E. Barnes,
A football game is being arranged
for Good Friday with the 13th Mounted
Itifles from v-'neher Creek. The business men of the town headed by our
worthy mayor are getting up a time
for the soldiers on Friday evening.
Thc result of the ballot for and
against the proposed new agreement
was Coleman 243 for: 28 against: Car-'
•yondale, 1-54 for; 27 against.
The mine officials arid a few workmen have been busy last week removing rails and other material from the
lower levels of the mine aiid; bringing
tli em to the surface.
, Mr Pitcher of the Canadian Coal and
Coke Co., visited Beaver last Friday
and after a brief inspection advised
lhat the tracks, haulage outfit\and
other gear In the top levels of the
mine be left intact, so that the mine
could be restarted on short notice
should suitable orders be obtained.
Mr. Pitcher held out no hopes, however, that an early start will be made
and stated that in his opinion there
will  be  nothing doing  this  summer.
The mine officials and otliers who
were on monthly salaries, will finish
on April 15th, and it Is said that the
hotel bar will, also lie closed on 'the
same date.
■Miss Lee, school'teacher, Beaver
.Mines, left here for Winnipeg in the
early part of las; week, and Mrs.
Hamilton, has been appointed in her
,lclm Barwick, Bellevue, visited
Heaver last Wednesday and delivered
:i very practical mid com mon souse
address in the Pioneer Hull. Of
course the main object of .lack's visit
was to explain the outcome of session
held in Calgary in connection with the
J*M>po-4or-*-*«--****oon*Haua»*eer-o.*Hhi^ conTractr
tance;  also all who assisted Jjy tho
A special meeting of Canmore Loca!
Xo. 1387, held on Friday, March 26th,
at 2 o'clock, had a full attendance.
The occasion was to hear the report of
Secretary Carter and Brother Oakes,
Scale Committee for Sub-District Xo.
4, who had returned from the Calgary
President Lauttamus, having in a
few brief remarks explained the object of the meeting, he called upon
Secretary A. -J. Carter to address the
meeting with reference to the new
agreement and other important mat.
ters in connection with the organization. The District Secretary-Treasurer reminded the brothers of the con di-
tions prevailing in the camp with the
mine working only two days per week,
and advised the members to use every
caution when voting on the proposed
agreement. He wanted them to do
what iu their opinion would conserve
the best interests of the local and the
The next speaker was Brother Oakes
and he was permitted to proceed until
the clause dealing with "Penalty for
stoppage of work" was reached, then
practically all the members expressed
their dissatisfaction.     *.'..'.
Votes of thanks to Brothers Carter
and Oakes concluded the meeting.
lllnes are working here two or
three days per week, and as can be
imagined, we are in for good tiniest!)
Best, probably for the business man,
who can get $4.25 for .flour, $9.25 for
sugar, etc., etc. Xo desire to burden
the*-,reader with other prices—he may
be. too closely acquainted with same.
One of otir^brothers, Maciek Jaku-
bier, while going home off work was
run over by a C. P. It. car at the tipple
aiid had one finger cut off and several
others badly lacerated. Cause of ac-
eident: Chinks are not professional
* + <t*PO*OtP'P'iP'PP'P
nesses to my departure that I left
Chicago in an ordinary day coach, the
Associated Press absolutely refused
to retract the falsehood, the purpose
of which was obvious enough ai that
During the years that followed,
the press frequently repeated the
falsehood that I was travelling in
Pullman cars in royal style while the
poor victims I had robbed of their
jobs were starving.
Then one day, some six years after
the strike, there came a sudden
change. -Never ■once had I been in a
sleeping ear, although the strike and
boycott had been declared off years
ago. I was booked to speak at Los
Angeles and was on the way there •
from San Francisco, The meeting
had been extensively advertised and
a great crowd was expected. Suddenly the conductor came through the
'day toadr In which I was sitting and
announced that our car was to be cut
off at Bakersfield, the next station,
and that passengers who did not wish
to He over for lhe next train would
have to transfer to'the'Pullman.. It
was beautifully arranged. The crowd
at Los Angeles wag awaiting me at
the depot and I either bad to ride in
there on a Pullman*or miss the engagement and disappoint the people.
Of course, I chose the Pullman, expecting to explain when I reached Los
Angeles. 'But Harrison Gray Otis and
his Southern Pacific pals saved me the
trouble. The newsboys were on the
streets of Los Angeles nearly as soon
ns t was.
"All about Debs rifling into Los
Angeles*on'a Pullman."
The papers had it in great head-
liners on the first page, ! It had
worked like a charm, and the. gijded
gang were laughing ia their skcyes.
But that i!i.iKht I made ti" speech-if
ever I did in :iy Iif*, aii 1 I hav.} nev'er
been in Los *"\ngj'">s since wltlcut
being reminded hv the people who
were in that seething jam of humanity
that never cm theyiovt thr Incomparable demons'!-uio'i.
And so it finally t-t'.nt'-t n:i: that lhe
enemy had aet-rally con nireii ju.-jlnsv
itself and for my benefit, and the
benefit of the great cause of which I
am  so  small  a  part-and   so it   has
always been and always will be until
the last vestige of slavery" is wiped
from the earth.
-Made of the highest quality
talc money can buy—milled
to infinite smoothness, and
tben   perfumed   wilh   thei
genuine "OORTON" perfumes.
.   Ideal Orchid
OrSOfl S Pomander
Don't buy cheap, inferior lata,
cojr«*!y milled and cheaply
• crnted, when by aikint Tor
CORSON'S you can get the but.
Ask your Druggist
M.l.hy X
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦«►♦♦♦♦♦
We would respectffully call
attention to our out-of-town
correspondents that they mall
their communications so as
to reach us oil Wednesday
morning, as tlie train service
having been cut down to one
train daily, mail which heretofore has reached us early on
Thursday anornltig, now is not
delivered before noon, and in
the event of being behind time
reaches as too late to appear
in the i-ssiip fr*r which it if intended.
<ff A"" y°u are l00kinS
^|| for the usual annual
tonic.   Fernie Bock Beer
will fill the bill to a nicety.
It looks good. It tastes
good, It will do you good.
loan of property, etc.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
Miue worked three days last week.
On Frlduy n special meeting of this
local was held to hear tbe report of
of Scale Committee, delegates Carter
aud Oakes. Quite a discussion took
place on the proposed new agreement, i.MoBt of the miners seem to
be dissatisfied with some of the new
On Saturday afternoon the regular
meeting was held, Delegate Qakei
staying over from Friday and further
explaining the proposed changes in
the new agreement, ■*
Ceorgetown ball chasers traveled to
Canmore Sunday last and engaged the
Canmore boys lu au evenly contested
game ending In u draw/neither team
The Dew prop Inn Is mill the hind-
quarters of lhe Ucorgetown bachelor*.
They give ptnk teas there Saturday
night: but. say. boy*, go easy with the
married -stiffs around camp-they're
getting Jealous.
Peters and Kendrlck, two of our
boys here, bave quit work and left for
their randies. Hope you bav*' a big
t'ltop, boy»,
liis opening remarks he expressed his
deep sympathy With the members present, especially those who had invested their savings in the building of
homes at Beaver, and lu his concluding remarks told them that although
the new agreement was not nearly so
good as they had hoped for. yet it was
the best they could get and he hoped
they would accept it loyally and make
the best of It for the ensuing two
■A ballot was taken on the 2P:li inst.
♦ ♦♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
A mais meeting of Coleman and Car-
bondslc Lorala wai held In tbe Opera
1 louse on Thursday morning, R. M.
Morgan presiding. The meeting was
-called for th* purpose of baling tha
proposed new agreement eiphtlned to
the members br International Board
Member l». ttenn and onr local ae-tro-
tary, J. Johnston, who a at qui* Of the
Urate Committee, Board Member I).
Hat** »4dm*H th* tmttint tint »ut
Iwg th* moat enae-attal part* ef th*
iHninrna done In Calgary from start to
finish, explaining aa he went, and
moAetYortno fn malii» htmti»!f perfectly rlear. flro, .lobnafon afterwards
atfdrwaaed th* meeting.     A b«wt ot
The milieu have not worked a full
day this month, The mine In divided
into sections and tf thero Is Un order
lor coal the men are given work in
turn, Prospect a nre very poor for
next month.  '
The voti» on ili« aniviiient iMnndtiy
wiih not «» liii'Ke aa expected, but gave
i majority lu fai'vor of th*> agreement.
The vot»» was for, -HI; <ignliit*t. I.". j
Tlie dull times have ctiuui'il nine nil
of the old timers here to seek new
piwnir-f'H. One of those, Alex, iMr-
Huberts, who has gone to farm in Hns-
kntchewan for the summer, will he
greatly minted, na he was n regular
attendant at !<o*Ml meetings nnd an
art Ire member. He waa one of the
uo labor men on tbe council. The
buiid wiii nlso urttmly miss his »ervlc-
(•ii.     We all wish him a prosperous
M'.IMIII  uu  till! f,11111. ,
Jim lleul li.ti- som- lo liossliitiil, IMV,
In «i>«»k a manifr.
Ham Uiiiih h i* taken bin tool* »m of
llu* mini' anil derided to have another
*iimmi»r on Un- hotneatiwl.
liforgo Vayro. lanraM-orporal itt tin*
ununited rifle* nt iMwIltini' llit!, I*
»lulling horn* thl« week. We ant norry
to hear thai <»»« »f hi« *-bMr*u i*
K'llti-rliiR with pn-wimotil*.
The rontrri held last wwk In aid
of the relief frnad was not very wfll
•iitHided, and onljr P»W expense*
.inhii Z;i:iiiihI bus resumed work j
i nil! InviiiK recovered from a brokrn j
i ollar bone,
—n^Hii^TOiTn'pnTt—iras— tslffirro
llesi.itiil ou Sunday 2Sih through thej
liiir-illilji of a blood vessel.
Aii i.Milehell, who underwent an o]»-
cr.'ition i-oine lew weeks aso, will  re- j
mime work ns-iin some time tbls week, j
Saturday is pay day- -with only fourj
days' pay to draw,
VicM'resldent (irahani was a vlaltor
to the LetlibridKC l<ocul, along with
Hoard Member Lumen, when they discussed and explained the new agreement.
The sick and accident society meets
in the'Miners' Hall every first Sunday
!ii the .month. j
Lethbridge   Loenl  llnii;u   win  hold
their moet 111 un every I' tc-iuiy nij;)ii al j
7,:i<» pin,, and it Is to mo Inteiest ofj
all members to attend. j
The LetlibrldRe Miners' Hand  will 1
hold   their   first   public   concert   in
Ad itnn Park, ou Sundny afternoon, and )
iu Unit Piirlcln the evening, under th»>;
direction of Frank Lamosfleld. j
,lnmes Hnrat, of fitaffonlvlllc, lhe J
domino expert, Is'"matched to play;
Jack Coo|nr, of Little Wlgan, for the!
championship, *
"Bellevue Hotel
Best   Accommodation   In  the   Pass.—
Up-to-Date —  Every    Convenience.-
•Excellent Cuisine.
*t. A. CALLAN, Prop.
pro under-uso,
Be Good to Yourself—
Ask For It
1 " __ - ', ;".i,;.i   tow mttmwwmnmwt wiww'-'-WtlfAf  I
... n*U it, in* m**** tttie** «« *«« i •*»»• H»rtwtl tatmnoA |w»r Nwwl; ih#y
■ay. Mart* ism, rreiMeat H. it. .Mor.* ^OTt m ,4BI|,-.« -*~v -j^ 4* no* pn-xf * •*.
«*a In the efcalr,   »MlMtM ot prerloun j   j^ eUiMr«-n .wed the rich aieilldnal
meetln« wor* adapted na read. Agwdj ^mri%]mh,ut ,„ Scell't RmtuUioo above
.1**1    f*1*rt*. lift*, i* I'ti "t.    «...     •■- .     •■*     * ' .^.„ _..»*. „   ......m,
■"-» i «««ij*kWkM|t *m* r w* van* **** **'.** *>** *******
brougbt up for 4U**»*Jm aa mw tot*i> uln» Mtarr* mm WomMo-nrinn:, IW»h
»***.    DeiegiatM report ob Contention | bnlWing Uu «Mt* qntcbir »bow in r»y
INHtponH Willi Mil HMNitlni     llroi,  chetka. better appetite, Arm tt*k and
Ikitlnehl not Lnmet mora, «ppoiM«l to  ■*B,,,J' *""*■ „    ..
aet with pmtdent not mttttnty In*    " **" thim™ •*" 1*"^' 'H
Uklaa the ballot for ptopo^ •gwe.|*,,f" **■« •*»,,•*■ ™i T^
j GmMMi H Mtpplira thr very total tk*
'' ment.-, that tlvir ■*y--i-r-\*- t*.,-i
The a««mal general wetttng of Cr*\*-
man I'ootbtil tnab *•« h*>ld In the
Opera Movae on Siaday •renlag. tt.
falrtiartt firrtliitg. Tii* tlnnnttnl
atat«ia*«t tm m* waa ewbutlttiht t»
iWiUiw* nm iurMfel
A"n n pMjr m beep b\ hwm tktm-
By Eugant V, Debt
Way back In the cl«ht.e* I lir-t *av«-
CiUfonilH. I wai itieii mi idMorn-xi;
in getting railroad employ* s to join >
e>i.ft union* tbat I had no I'm* f«»rj
H.ielttllam and In fact harllv kn**w]
title wan xiich a tiling aa i !*ficiili»t
I;, At Kith'..      AU   tlw*.   CrfMu;   ', tX :.   :u
•(mil all my plaim, and  without   ao
much a» ron«wltlng me
Hlmn those earllnr daya I ha»>
Imm'Ji often on »he Caelfb' Coatl, and
•nt* lhat I find myiclf once more on
Hte way from Han Praiielwo to l^om
Aiiaelm. I am reminded of a nlmllai
trlt* aome yeara ago whleh had a
rathi«r Minasiioual aurprla* In atore fori
IW' j
Tn make Hie *?orj tl*nr and fWNft) '
ii»ilt»r«to«*Hl. a bit of pwllminary #*t '
iiHnmion ti tiereiairy.   Vot aome all.
i ear* after the f*tillmnn utrlke I did I
not ne* the InaMe of a aleeplna mr, \
imrlrif  ihst   Hm-e I  traveled  almuit
• ontloitmiily. tweaking   and   (iraanlt-
Inn. nml getting   what   rot   I muld
at night in the day toacbei.
Tb* uti'lkr waa »tlll out *l»>n I Mt
(*hleagn for home im* An* nn' Mr-
itm Ik-hh tton» far a^vera! w*a*ba ■<
it,* iii*-,ili*itjt l *ai ioiio*«'i toy ruti-
mad deterthmn d»> and night, and
«M» '«*.» hf-jfl np tm tnn i*Mt* *tit*'i
the atrlke wan over, to render fut.in
every efforl In t-t^mnnin*. tfc* Km*'**
can Hatlway t'-ntett,
A tew ot lhe fillbfiiS who m*r*
alwata with to* arminpaniH m* to
the iteitot tn tonne the report* ri
and *h-i»ih» «ere aim th#re. The nf*:
wonting I |d«be4 np a home tiaiwr >r
fbtAtbut "ttt*tm \,*r* f'v i^i ,.,*. j, :^,*,
ally rr aerred Pnll»»n In prlnr#ly f.i*1'**
'■ifl, "ifi.Ji' hi.; |ulili'*»» Jii»«'..'- **it* ,t ..,,,,
tog tb* Ilea." Tlii ll- mn* aprentt *U
mem th* tomntm bt -ih**, \a*ntlf*A
Prma, and althmicti 1 otter* I in irr****-*
by lb* train ***** tnd b*- *<-t*r*a nt ■»■'»-
The Complete House Furnishers
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If you are latUflid. tell othera.   If not aatiafted. tell ua.
Company > •*TIm Quality Store**
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Everything in Shoes
W'v llttvi' jil«l  |Kll  into titn'U
ilfiiillllii'lil   nf
it *
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^i^^-".-f'¥l'?-~ *~" ™T v.**;:"-'
RADICALISM By Charles EdwarcfRussell
You may think that when I say tbe
wheat goes into the elevator in five
grades and comes out as one I 'make
a mere assertion. No assertion about
.Here ip.the record' Ior. three months
of a single elevator:
Grade (bushels)
No. 1 Northern 99,711.40
No. 2 Northern.il41.465.10
No. 3 Northern 272,047.20
No, 4 Northern 201,267.20
No. Grade 116,0*21.10
Rejected ,,  59,742.30
Shipped Out
An enormous wheat crop;-wheat prices
going up; bread prices going up; a
lot of people going hungry. Why?
Here's why. And here's what a
bunch of nervy North-Western farmers are trying to do about it.
On Monday, January 25,1915, at-Baltimore, (Maryland, inspectors of the
United States Government seized an
entire consignment of 70 railroad cars
of oats sent from Chicago and other
places in the West to be shipped
The seizure was made on the ground
that the oats were adulterated with
seeds, kernels of rejected barley and
other refuse, and had heen doctored
with water.
iBecause of this water, so the inspectors declared, even the part of the
shipment that was oats and not rubbish would have spoiled utterly in a
voyage across the ocean.
"Grand are the present opportunities
In foreign trade," cries the American
press from day to day; "let-us go forth
and seize them!"
Thus, in this case, the exhortation
seems to have been followed; with
dirt, shoe pegs and worthless seed
for oats—doctored with water at that.
Doctored? How doctored?
Why, run through an ingenious and
powerful machine able to force water
past the outer shell and into the interior of grain berries, so that the
weight thereof shall be increased but
no moisture shall be apparent on the
Surely, this is a wonderful machine
Why is it used?
To help in skinning the farmer, O
Unsophisticated One. And thereby
hangs a tale.     As thus:
A sod house, whether viewed as
architecture or as a creation of -beauty,
is truly not much, but as a shelter
against blizzards it must be admitted
to have its points. Also, it possesses
this advantage, that gentlemen otherwise inexpert in the art of building
t can easily master the secret of this
You go out on the prairie and cut
turfs about a foot and a half wide aud
two feet long.     These you pile like
"Soak it on some other sucker."
."Hie level, treeless plain of the prairie stretched on every side, the thick
soil underneath as black as my hat and
oozy with richness. Here was the
best region in the world in which to
grow wheat, and this was' what happened to men that had tried to grow
the wheat the world needed.
■Whenever the increasing pinch of
the cost of living causes a new protest,
a vociferous chorus led by Mr. James
J. il-lill, the famous philanvluoplst of
the North-west, assurer us that the
remedy for our trouh'-?.- lies in nv'M.-
plying th.e number of tn.-m-^ri. 'Tack
to the farm!" shouts Mr. HiH 'induction is far short of the normal.
Back to the farm!" A convocation of
well-meaning persons has taken lilm
at his word and organized a national
association to induce more agriculture. "Back to the land!" Is the top
line oi a hundred real estate agents'
advertisements. "Come out to the
rich wheat lands of the North-west."
And this was what befell some of the
men tliat listened to tlje pipes of these
The rich hind was there all right; it
could and did produce the stated' amount of wheat. The world needed that
wheat and demanded it and paid a
great price to consume it. And the
man that with infinite labor plowed
and sowed and reaped received not
enough of that price to pay the interest on his mortgage and must borrow the money to get back to Illinois.
Yet if he could have obtained at his
market town anything like a fair share-
of the price the consumers must pay
for his wheat he could easily pay his
mortgage, feed his family, hu'.M far
better than a sod house, and dwell in
th? comfort that naturally pertains tii
such a country.
What becomes of the margin between the price he obtains and the
price the consuming world pays for
that wheat?
All the difference between failure
and success, between poverty and sufficiency, lies iu that question, and so
at last the farmer is beginning to understand.
What   becomes of Jt?      First,  the
bricks, making a wall, say six feet
high and enclosing a space of twelve
by fourteen, or thereabouts. In this
you must leave a bole for a, door,
which, If you are wise, you will make
as narrow as possible.
Then you get a stick or-two of timber and fix up a roof ot more sodB, and
tbere you arc. In the winter time you
can alt. within and laugh at every saw
toothed Ml-mrd that ever froze other
marrowi all tbe way from .Medicine
Hat to Cape .Hatteras. That la, you
caa laugh IT you happen to have fuel,
food, a Ibltthsome disposition and no
care about the mortgage.
Tee, it is a grand device, closely re-
setttv.lng the hut of the Esquimau and
offering about tbe aame luxuries.
There are many sod houses In North
Dakota, but none at all in Park Avenue, 8unnyelde. nor about Lowry's Hill,
tn the fashionable region of (Minneapolis. The houses .vou see In those
entrancing spots are quite different.
Tbey ere very large and stately houses, and they ere built of stone or brick
Instead of aod, and that Indeed Is different. Then they are surrounded
with beautiful grounds, shrubbery,
flowers, arbors and fountains, and that
le more different atill. Yes, they are
quite different from the aod houses,
but the fact Is thut many of these
great stately residences ln Minneapolis, bewildering In their nine and
beauty, rest squarely upon the little
sod houses In North Dakota, and that
seems strangest of ell,
Driving forty-si* mile* fn Vorth Tin*
kota one day last summer I saw seven
of these noi bouses, PVrar were deserted,    You instantly think that thej
The places where the gouging operations reach their climax are the -Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce and
the -Chicago -Board of Trade. Some
persons refer to these institutions as
gambling halls.* This, again, Is but
inaccurate speech. Gambling infers
chance. The legitimate functions of
the 'Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce and Chicago Board of Trade are
one thing and well enough. Their
speculative operations are a totally
different thing, and it is here that they
have eliminated all chance and substituted a lead-pipe cinch.
Come and see if this statement is
Wheat prices on the Minneapolis
and Chicago markets are arranged in
grades, and the grade .is determined
by inspection. A certain hard, cl'ear,
flint-like wheat, not common, is called No. 1 Hard, and is at the top of the
grading. After tbat comes No. 1
Northern. Nos. 2, 3 and 4, Rejected
and No Grade. No Grade is wheat in
such condition thai its standing cannot be determined.
The prices' range downward with
the grade. N'o. 2 will usually sell for
' 2 or 3 cents a bushel less than No. 1;
No. 3 for about 3 cents a bushel less
than No. 2; No. 4 for less than No.
and so on. Rejected may be 10 to 15
cents less than No. 1. No Grade may
sell for more than Rejected, or it may
sell for less, according to its condition. In general it may be estimated
at about the price of No. 4, although
in specific instances it may bring far
On these gradings the first trick Is
turned. The inspection at Minneapolis
is done hy agents of the State Railroad and Warehouse Commission.
They are overworked, subject to political control, and wretchedly underpaid.
From each car received they take several samples, look at them, and pronounce the grade of all the wheat in
that car.
Commonly, they grade wheat too
You can explain thia fact in any way
you please, but it will remain a fact.
commission—for selling from the company to the company.
The sale of the wheat at less than
the market prices is easily effected,
for the reason that the farmer does
not know at what moment the sale purports to bave been made, apd of
course the market can always be said
to be fluctuating.
The five carloads now go to the
Black Flag Elevator.
There the five grades are poured
into one bin.
After a time the Black Flag concern
gets an order for five cars of No. 1
Northern. *
lt fills the order with the *Mohall
farmer's wheat, and enters up a selling commission.
That wheat went into tne elevator in
five grades; it comes out as one.
This makes good business for the
Gougemhall Company, owners of the
elevator.     As observe:
Bought five cars of wheat at
85Vi cents, average  ■      $4275
First commission ,  $50
Sold same wheat, after mixing, as No. 1 at 91  $4550
Gouge on mixing trick  $375
Second commission     50
Gouge on under buying, say   25
Total gouge   $500
Less legitimate brokerage if
sale had been made for
farmer to miliar direct at
full price miller paid     50
Total ....890,245.10
On hand, estimated.
, 12,733.10
over-capitalized railroad takes its loot
for the fat melons Uie directors cut
for Oiemselves and the dividends they
declare" on watered stock.
This is no figure of speech. Take,
for instance, the eminent philanthropist, James J. Hill, whose tuneful voice
arises once a week shouting cheerily,
"Back to the land!"
-.Mr. -Hill dominates tbe railroad
transportation of the Northwest, and
nas charged for hauling a bushel of
wheat 3 cents more than In Canada
the Canadian Pacific charged for a longer distance at the same time.
A gouge of 5 cents a bushel on the
wheat produced on an average Dakota
farm would amount at compound Interest to 120,000 tn 'wenty-one year*.
If, therefore, a man accepts Mr.
Hill's invitation and goes back to tbe
land tn iMr. Hill's domain, IMr. Hill's
company In twenty-one years will have
gouged that man's son out of the price
of a start In life.
This is nice for Mr. Hill, and may
explain some of his choral activities,
but the main question Is, How about
the man?
What becomes ef the margin betwss*
the price the farmer obtains and tte
price that the consuming wend pay*
fer its wheat? Veu ean find out In
this story.
Mr. lllll dominates the press of the
Northwest as well as Its railroads, lie
also dominates much press elsewhere.
That Is why you seldom see In typt
any of these simple little facts. Mr. 1
lllll does not dominate this maintlne.
That is why you see these facts here,
When the gouging railroad has had
No' grain Is ever grad&<L-too_JilghLlnne-sar-Nor-l-Ncrther
fanner, becoming more prosperous Inj its great share of the plunder, the
that fertile land, had built him another bank take* a whack at the remainder
■id a better abode,   Oh, no; he hadn't,! for eicesslve interest charges.    Then commission.
most of the grain is graded too low.
'It doubt ls entertained on this point,
the records may be consulted. An
aggrieved farmer or shipper has the
right to appeal to a kind of higher
court maintained for the purpose. Appeals are troublesome, and moat farm-
era prefer to pocket their losses. They
are not on the ground; tbey must depend upon the commission merchant;
and he is often adversely Interested
when he offers the appeal. But of
such appeals as are made 75 per cent
result in the raising of tbe grade at
first assigned by tbe inspector.
This Is conclusive. It shows that
whatever the reason may be, the tendency of tbe Inspection Is to favor
the miller and the grain speculator
against the farmer.
When a farmer sends In a carload
of No. 1 Northern and tbe inspector
grades it Xo. 2, that farmer may bave
lost 130 on that one car by the Inspector, and the grain manipulator has
made that amount.
You can see now that Senator <Mc-
Cumber was probably Justified when
he declared on the floor of the Senate
that unfair grain griding cost the farmers of the West and North-west $70,-
ooo.ooo a year.
This is but the prologue to tbe
story. Ufa bave now the regular
One of these North Dakota fsrmers,
say out near Mohall, haa bad a good
yield this year, tnd ships In flvo ear*
loada of what he thinks is pretty good
wheat rt certainly should be good:
it comes from the bell wheat soil In
the world. He sends It, let us say,
to tbe Gougemhall Drain Company, •
firm of broken on the Minneapolis
Chamber of Commerce, to be sold on
Net gouge $450
Or about $90 a car, Illegitimate profit, being money that justly belongs to
the farmer and the miller. To which
niusE be added elevator charges and
screenings at $8 a ton, taken out before the sale to the miller.
O Captain Kidd, O Blackbeard of
deathless fame, O Captain Flint, and
old John Silver, but pikers all are ye
by comparison!
Supposing the market price of No.
1 Northern to be 91 cents, the farmer's
balance sheet will look like this:
.' 890,245.10
Gouge on these transactions, $83,-
note that every bushel was accounted
ote tdat every bushel was accounted
for, but 635.00Q bushels went In as low
grade and came out as high.
Of course, it is not to be Inferred
that all elevators do these things any
more than that all members of the
Minneapolis Chamber % of Commerce
and Chicago .Board of Trade are gamblers, or that all farmers In North Dakota live- In sod houses. But the
records, nevertheless, indicate a practice, and of such practices the American farmer has been the victim.
Thus, some years ago a twelve
months' record of state grain inspections in Minnesota made this showing;
Received Shipped out
Grade           (bushels) (bushels)
No. 1 Hard ....     341,567 .1,000,438
No. 1 Northern 10,070,414 " 16,900,917
No. 2 Northern   7,341,596 3,978,311
No. 3 Spring.    1,335,830 4444,041
Rejected      256,063 134,471
No Grade 1,335.531 344,823
, That is to say, 5,466,3-72 bushels went
into the elevators as low grade and
came out as high grade and the elevator men took the resulting profits.
In two years the terminal elevatojs
ofj 'Minneapolis received 15,571,575
bushels of No. 1 Northern wheat; In
the same two years they "shipped out
19,978,777 bushels of the same grade.
This was 4,407,202 bushels more of No.
1 Northern than they received. Where
did the 4.407,202 extra bushels come
from? They did not grow In the elevator bins, certainly, and as at the beginning of the period these elevators
had no No. 1 North-^n wheat, the excess was not something left over from
former years.
In the same period the same elevators received of No. 2 wheat 20,413,-
594 bushels and shipped out 22,242,410
bushels, or 1,828,826 bushels more of
this grade than they received. Where
did this come from?
Here were 6,236,028 bushels of wheat
of these two high grades that were
shipped out, an* yet had never been
cents (under market)     $ 905
One ear No. 2 at 88    880
One car No. 3 at 85       850
One car Rejected at 79      790
One car No Grade at 75 ,.     750
Total  ; $4175
Less commission       60
The railroad company, of course,
charges for hauling the wheat M per
cent, mom than Ihe service ia worth.
That we alt understand.
•The wheat arrives Ib Minneapolis
Uf tbe train stays on the rails) and
He wasn't anywhere In*.tbat neighbor-! 'he Klevator Trust takes a whack for
hood. -I saw three other abandoned | l»a benevolent purposes, and what Is
hrnbouses that day that were not aod! left Is subjected to a gouge for the
houses, but fairly pretentions struc j benefit of the golden palaces that
tures of frame. The farmers that had i "dorn tbe fashionable regions of 'Min-
lived in ihi»m were not anywhere In j n»»apolls and Chicago,
that neighborhood, «iih»?r. Ho I had i tlouge is a euphemlam. I suppose jthe Inspector comes along lo look at
the following conversation with the] ihat when old Blackboard or Captain |it. Instead ef grading all the wheat
ehk gk*8.S'.s.a*;*s fttstxtnitai, that »*a Kld-l U*;«l4 ship and sunk it he plea-1 .No, I .Northern, he decides that only
steering the automobile tbrouah bea*y ? nantly icftrred to his ent»rpr!ie In'one ear is entitled to tbat grade, One
weather: j similarly figurative termi,    fly com-!car, he nays, la No. 2, another Xo. a,
*What*« heroine of then* f»rmers♦"i tmrlson   the  performances   of  theto another Is of Rejected, and thi fifth
"Cleared out." ..    ', worthies   neetn   almost   respectable. < is Xo Grade,
"Where?" j Vou think now that this Is exaggera-i    He turns In a NS-inple of each oar
"Oh. I don't know.   Home to Canadai Hon or bitterness.    When yon know j for the Oougemhall Company, ani be-
Less freight at 16 cents a cwt    480
Less demurrage whether any
was actually paid or not..       6
Net receipts .........., $3639
If tbe wheat when he sold It has
been graded as it was when it passed
out ot tbo Slack Flag- elevator be
would have received $4,550, less com-
mission. He had been swindled,
therefore, of $875, plus the gouge of
the railroad company, phis tho gougo
of dockage, which is • still another
swindle, and means tho deductions ex*
acted for alleged dirt and Impurities
In his wheat, most of which are commonly mytbloal.
The agricultural department of bis
state, after much experiment, has de*
termlned that to produce a bushel of
wheat there costs 76 conts. He has
received now nn average of about 71
cents a bushel. He mny be is skillful «• a departmental expert, u oourt*
geous as a lion, snd aa persistent as a
terrier; this sort of thing will mean
sooner or later defeat, and, unless he
has other luck or other resources, the
melancholy Journey back to Illinois,
The firmer plows snd sows, Ood
gives the Increase, and the sltgant
gentlemen of tbe Black Flag nt in
their offices snd cop it off without
turning a hand.
Therefore "Beck to tbo liall" and
be quick about It, tbat you miy be
trimmed good snd proper, snd tht
tilth of the black flag contingent he
But about the magleal, mystical
transformation wrought Is tha elevator
on that wheat-what was dons to It
?o raise Ita grade to No. If
Nothing to speed of. Any wet
wheat was dried; an sir Most blew
oat sosse screenings. At to the test,
■mtetne **<* i*«»*»i»»*»»«*it   mn *t** ****.*
indeed it is not! -They knpw too nxueh.
All the'Wheat fhey grind must come
straight from the farmers and keep out
bf the mixing houses. But it is bought
byunwary millers at a distance„or by
those that can get nothing else. Three-
fourths of it is inferior stuff, being
wheat injured by mold, must, or something else. Not,.alone the farmer,
therefore, but the whole-nation'.,Is
swindled, and the n%xt time you taste
must in your bread you can know the
reason why, ' ■ "    -., ■       '■  *~A
Yet we have not told" the worst of
the story. Even mpre. stupendous
than the fraud upon tbe farmer by unfair grading is tbe wrong dqpo to bim
daily bythe absolute control and manipulation of the current market.
. Here Is something few persons ever
consider, but if your increasing grocery bill is of importance'to you, this
is worth your-serious. thought.
You read today iu your newspaper
that wheat on tbe Chicago 'Board of
Trade reached $1.50. Now, just what
does that mean?
It imeans that wheat sold today for
delivery In the month of May at $1.50.
Not a bushel of wheat transferred, you
understand, but one 'gambler in Chicago, under the disguise of a pretended
transaction to be effected in May, ibeW
that the price then will be $1,50, and
another gambler bets that it will not
That bet becomes the governing
price for the nation. On it Is based
the actual price of actual wheat at
elevators.       • .
On it is based the actual price of
every barrel of flour.
On It, In turn, Is based the actual
price of every loaf of bread, now become in many cities 6 cents and promising to go higher
' Is it not monstrous that men should
be allowed to gamble In a nation's
foods supplies and skim their profits
from the distress of millions?
Say there is a farmer in the neighborhood of Zumbrota, .Minnesota, that
happens to have some wheat left. Today he drives to town with a load of
it. When it has beeu graded (or uu-
dergraded) the buyer at the elevator
looks at the quotation of $1.50 for IMay
wheat In Chicago, bases upon it about
seven, different deductions, and pays
the farmer what Is left. But always
that price named in the bet in Chicago,
the thing that is politely called "the
prjee of the May option" or the "December option," determines the -basis
of the price paid to the farmer in
Zumbrota, or anywhere else.
How is that for a system—to induce
men to go "Back to the land"?
If the determining bets of the Chicago gamblers were made on the weather, or supply and demand, on winds or
waves, or anything else definite and
tangible, the case would be approximately on a par with roulette or
rouge-et-noir.     As a matter ot fact
Dr. Andreir Wilson, Dr. Gordon Stables nnd Dr. Lsscellea
Scott* the famons English an*
alyst, have nil personally tried
Zm-Buk tnd •xprvH-Mi themtelv-t-i
coaviaced pt ita great ktaUne vain*.
Mrt. St.Jtoalt, of Thompson St.,
Wvitoa, Wlaalpag, suffered loot
wlthactMBSi tad fletllr her doctor .
Mid oalr Z»m-8ult conld cor* hat-*
another flno tribute ot e wleatltie
mea to thU treat herbal beater.
Mn. St. Denis isys: "The eczema broke out on my note and one
tide of my face. I could get no
sleep because of the irritation and pain,
and my face was in such a shocking
condition that for two months I did
not go out of tke house, Fapplkd
remedies and my doctor treated me,
but without effect, until one day he
said that the only thing which would
be likely to cure me was Zam-Buk. I
procured a supply and to cut a long
story short, in a few weeks Zam-Buk
cured pie: completely, leaving no
, Zam-Buk li a tart cura for tub-, *t*M;
burni, ««m», »c*lp tarts, ulceration, litim-
miUon, sllct, Ue. I alto an embrocation for
rkeauatltm, apralM ani iclallca. All "drut-
(Ute and atoru. er pott Iret from Zam-Buk
Co.'. Toronto, for srlce. Xafait feuaiul
•■ktUUUa. \    ■   ■•   •
Hurrah for the Jolly Roger!
In one year the terminal elevators
of Duluth* received 599,602 bushels ot
No. 1 Hard and shipped out 646,600
bushels or It. They received 15,1-87,-
012 bbshels of No. 1 Northern and
shipped out 19,886.137 bushels ot that
iHere was a -mysterious gain of 4,-
748,130 bushels of these two grades in
a 8 Ingle year.
In the same time they received 19,-
693,454 bushels of No. 2 and shipped
out 16,178,999 bushels of it.
Tbey received 7,035,133 bushels of
No. 3 and shipped out only 1,971,355
bushels of It.
They received 892,241 of Rejected
and shipped out only 94,626 bushels of
It ' '
They received 2,516,505 bushels of
No Grade and shipped out only 468,922
bushels of ii
No buccaneering on the Spanish
Main ever touched these goodly takings nor dreamed of them, Under the
Jolly Roger-thin li the life!
Here sre further Illustrations or this
process, being tbe record of another
yesr st the Dukith elevators:
Received Shipped out
Grade        (bushels) (bushels)
No. IHsrd....      90,594 199,528
No, 1 Northern tf,401,897 l|,SlT,Ttf
No. 2 Northern 10.295,172 6,721,732
ko. 3 Northern  8,ft1t,0«8 2I3,1»9
Rejected    3,350402 814,128
No Grade,,...   3,516,843 256,943
•Two million bushels of No. 8, 2,000,-
000 bushels of Rejected and 2,000/W
bushels of No Grade were by this aggie transformed into 6.00-j.OO bushels of
No. l.
Hie profits oa these trsasscitons
must hare been more than $200,000.
This Is Indeed the lire!
But where doos ths fsrmer come In?
The Iniquity has still another side.
Tho inferior wbest thos graded ap was
sold as No. I,   Whet beoomes of nt
Much of It goes abroad, whoro tt
cttatribates u« doe qsota to tbe III re-
jrnte of American bnstssss.* being,
sccordlng to a phrase current le boom
quarters, "good enoegb for daara dagoes." .The rest of It ta groaad lato
floor sad eaten hy oarselvea. tt tsat
ground by the ddlaaeapslls artllere—
(•Heertag before tht Senate Cola-
;me jHaTB-HDr DetTWTfiyUilnO-OegF
tlmatc, but to a great extent they are
bets on tbe state of mind and decisions of tbe gentlemen that for tbelr
own profits control the market *
-They can make the price of the future (or option) what tbey will, and
the price of actual wheat today Is determined by the price of the future
(or option).    Actual cash wheat Is the
price "of   May wheat, less carrying
charges, insurances and interest.
'All this was frankly set forth a few
months ago in a case tried in a Chicago court.
In 1908, Joseph Letter, Charles A.
Pills-bury and Prank A. Peavey arranged to make vast profits by putting up
the price of wheat. Pillsbury and
Peavey were grain manipulators and
elevator men of -Minneapolis.
A solemn agreement was made
among the three that they would withhold their wheat from tbe market until
they had driven the price to a certain
Under their manipulation tbe price
soared until it bad risen to a dazzling
'height Then Plllsbury and Peavey
calmly broke their agreement with Letter, sold their wheat, took their profits,
and left Letter with a loss of 812,000,-
000. •   •
In tbe course of this pious performance it was necessary to turn-in 200,-'
000 bushola of wheat st Minneapolis
that had been graded No. 2.    As -No.
(Ceatlaaeri em Page Sere*)
1\0 you ever consider.
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In 'many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
m ***** mmmtmm »«•,•«!• i*e «sc**.g« «f«*. tmt a-raiw,^,.     Vn}tM « tmm> <„. p^^^:^ IwHwi^SocZ*
ber bil!    p. 207.    On. oilba wtlaet*-
es at thia bearing; Mr. W. C Mnetn*-
itm* otAom, ttooiA mttoto* eiiod tkt
daets shoot elevator fronds and tben
9,^-9 4-^*^.4,  4I4--.4. *><-*# ..-.**<-*   *M«-r«v   #*t«*m, *, *****   ,*.*.,*.*' *Jt
fill'""'* '",     i'i'   '.Ivl   .;■ .'•*+•.*   w.)   ,"«t A'AiA,1*   ,i*a..i." *4<*i*«; mi it** *.\itMn*i*i &** .it** MtU*
"Wb-at for?   What vm tli* mk',U-rV, nmet-ulmH-e #!<]# of that hutlnetu I have ] pl«s. «*<b la * ilttio tin pan, nostif ';-•
"Forarlmet snd eiennetl tmt,, that's' bet anlerataM the faeta* ^rotf*! nm o taMe, appuwtftttly Ut utt*
all.    Ton see they -Mortgaged the land! --JiiuiiuBiW^ Rat the artnnle tto hsmmer falls sf.
to buy it: then tbey mortgaged the!    i♦Th< Chiento Board of Trade gam- j agent of the Black Flag Klevitor Com-
w   .A.Uk, *■<»■**   »*../   -i*>W.*<t*     tktk-aklt
mag crew happened to be of a pav-
ilcetarty bmtaess-lilte order, 1* whkh
■snm ihey ma tbo wheat tbreagh the
doctoring machine before r-efemd to,
thw-tr? eddhtr to tfcp wttmtrmi nt ibe
wheat (and likewise to their profits)
i»«*»mm* tt> i m*»* *■***»•* **»**> ***** mm» * mm •»**« 	
with; tk*» tbey mortgaged the horses^about  2S.oeo.soo bnafcets  of  wheat ears, eaeb at a ptfct aador the mtr-\t^tmimii* S~p*r mot
aad wagon to get seed: then they mort- which Is a boot the amount of aetaal j bet.
gaged tbe wash tub lo get fodder. J wheat Chicago receive* In a year.  Oni   J&w, the Week Flag Kevatae Com-
Well, the trom room, end tbe farmer.1 the Minneapolis Chamber   of   Com-j pany hi only an alias for Urn Gojgem
he don't pit no price, so he can't pay.! merco the members ggmble la aboaljball teecera. Bath apats have tbe
■o they eome. take the farm, take the! ten Willow bn>b*ls of fntwiwi emotf'n*inw empfoyeft, »** tto ml* In m*rm
mntbioe*. lake th* i#Mtat, tnke tbejyeer. tbe actoal receipts being sbMtily Inm tho Of-BgtmMi Company's
wnS-h **.• f«w* b*milrt*tl    millliw       Om*    nitty-! rffb» hen* to Ita Wl
"Wet!, wW* vox
-TV beak   It held
"Aai what « »i t>* bnnk do with it!
be fnnn no*V      hblrd Congress, HMirlng IMore Com-
mortgage"!mittee on Role* on H. R. 421, pp. 81,
IU and U*.t
NeverllM4ess tlw first npetii gravely
asarta down tfeo aale. aai ehar-tes tke
Mohall farmer wttfe 1 aaat, a hnshel
1 hare seen gentleasea that do this
sll «sy go to drareb aai atag hyaena
oa Bnaday.
:",'■. ..'*ti, m }1,*9**-9±*Am* i*ntt*-?**** en*
scte-set e< the eeateadag of a groeeft
boy In that city to stity daye' Imprie-
oament for aeltlag a short-weight peek
of ap#M- P. I*?.)
CA.tt.tr tawamer&bfa proUsU agattut
•This st-setam ehaatar la .tkt kla-jtheae frsaia, laetaitag t prstasd ot o
^T *t mmrltxl piracy wu tamed up' rcmnrtibk wimm u tbe TtwhU-tn «C
tbe United States, feretga fceyers tera-
ei to ArvMttaa, aai oor wheat et-
ports IW1 off!
first by no laeeat-tgattaj
the Haakon* Aasortttiea of Merth De-
If you want really high
class printing»the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
Uf District Ledger
4MM^# Jl Attb tAtAA   - A ^^_       mi^
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B.C. ' y>
'" „I-UI
have a fine selection of—
And Go-Carts
at reasonable prices
Wheels Re-
on Shortest
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
A. Mscnell
Barrlaters,  Solicitors,   Notaries,  Etc
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
B. C.
Full   supply  of  following
for  an  appetizing   meal   to
choose from.  -
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's breakfast.'       	
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood Street
ifflai3iaaiBiasisi3iasia!^ ^smAaAASAsmssaBasassmasA
The Revolt of the Farmers-A Lesson
in Constructive Radicalism
a    a
By Charles Edward Russell
(Continued from Vagc Six)
2 it was useless to the manipulators,
who could use only No. 1. A demand
was made that the grade on this wheat
be raised. Reinspection showed that
the original grading was correct. , So
did a second reinspection. -Then cama
down a peremptory order from the
state inspection department to make
tbat wheat Xo. 1, and as No. 1 it went
out to help PUlsbury and Peavey break
What by a misnomer are called iu
Illinois "public warehouses" help ma-
terlally in the skinning process. They
are controlled iby the manipulators,
who fill them. If for the sake of profits the manipulators desire to lower
the price they let loose a vast quantity
of deteriorated grain. If they desire
to put up prices they produce a sheaf
of unfavorable cables from Argentina
and Siberia. .They hold the grain,
under the law they can deliver it upon
anybody's contract for future delivery,
and to speak of these operations as
partaking in any way of the nature of
business is a bitter jest.
When these matters were before the
Rules Committee of the National
House of Representatives, in 'March,
1914, a South Dakota farmer testified
that In the previous fall he had sold
his wheat for 69 cents a bushel. Subsequently he studied the export market, and discovered that on the basis
of the export price he had been robbed
at his local station of 7 cents a bushel,
So, no doubt had all tbe other farmers there.
Suppose it to be only one cent, and
what does that mean?    We produce in
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
We Are Ready to Scratch
>tt you- bill any item of lumber aot
ound lust aB we represented.  There
■i n'o hocus pocus ln      *
This Lumber Business
When you taai spruce we do not
fiid you hemlock.     When you buy
trut-i'lass lumber we don't slip io s
ni nf culls.  Thuse who buy once from
-?   It!"'"1'"   CC-SC SUISll—.       lyi.*-**.-*.*--*  -y****}
■nvo not yet-made our acquaintance
ir*> taking chances tbey wouldn't on-
-.•outlier tr they bought tbelr lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber. Lath, Shingles, Sash sno
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Dstall Word
OFFICE AND YARD—MePbsrson ave.
Opposite 0, N. Depot P.O. Box 82,
Phone tl*
.to stay there longer than to cut the
melons and get the product of the
farmer's toil.
And yet resentment against individuals for any of these things would be
but foolish. The natural disposition,
of course, lies that way, but without
warrant. It is not individuals' that
are at fault so much as the system, of
which all of us, even the men we have
called grain gamblers, are the helpless victims so long as it shall last.
In all these transactions the real black
flag, \yhether, it seems to float over
mixing house or wheat pit, is the flag
of the competitive system. Competition alone devised the buying trick,
the mixing swindle, tlie grading gouge,
the elevator frauds, the railroad loot,
the dockage extortion, and all the rest
of this long catalogue of wrongs, and
competition alone, and no man nor set
of men, is to be blamed for them.
For more than a generation the
farmers of the West have groaned under these impositions. They are trimmed on all sides. The railroads, the
elevators and the grain exchanges took
everything except the mortgage.
Farming in the United States ought
to be the best legitimate business in
the world, Fertile soil, good climate,
enormous populations to be fed—where
can you beat these conditions? But
from such marvelous advantages what
do we really get? The farmer plows
and sows, the earth yields her increase
and the grain gambler and the railroad company gather the good thereof.
To correct these intolerable evils
every kind of governmental remedy
has been tried and re-tried, from regulative pills to rate-control plasters,
and not. a condition lias been changed.
Weary years of agitation for new laws
this country every year something like ,
five billion bushels of- grain that is!and more ,aw* have seen onl>' ,lefeat.
subject to future trading, manipulation jand fal,ure- ,Mo8t ot the legislation
by elevator companies and the gouges 1 was jokered or bedeviled, and if it got
of fortune-grabbers.     Suppose these j
through   with  its
do depresB by  one cent toelow
tenth   undrawn
the   *'"13 S01,'etb'nB that wou'.o not work
normal figure the farmers' price for ! Kor a ^ lM»e the Peered victims
this grain, and the farmer* have lost' ttire designedly *d to be ic;e that ihe
$50,000,000 on one year* crop. | Panacea for their wrongs hy in some
.   ■ , A    , ., .   j        .u   ',ft)rm of tbo blessed Comirigslim Ueu,
If the manipulation puts down the!    „,„    ..     . ......^^.^.^^ „, ,*_
•   e
jiiasiafiMsiEEMajaiaisiai^'fl \
bushels of grain. So rapid is its rise
that this year it will probably market
8,000,000 bushels. '
It secures for the farmer the "nest
obtainable prices, it does away with
the mixing swindle, it operates in the
daylight and on the level, it tolerates
not dealing in futures, it returns to
the producer the gouge formerly grabbed off under the black flag.
Under Co-operation the farmer h
ceasing to be skinned—on this side
anyway. ,
When the Equity Exchange ship was
launched the merry gentlemen under
the Jolly Roger raised a contemputoud
ha! ha! They are not laughing now,
but putting forth everyeffort to crush
their competitor.
All of the independent millers outside of the black flag influence prefsr
to buy their supplies of the farmers'
Co-operative Exchange, and for a most
significant reason.
".■•■.        '     •*,      ■ , <;•
They get better grain.
As the Co-operative handles only
grain straight from the farmers, snd
none of it ever sees a mixing house,
it is not filled with seeds, dirt, sprouts
nor adulterations from the Rejected
mid No Grade.
Co-Operation,, the certain road to relief. ■■■■■■      - ''.''*
Even the obstacles put in. the way
of the farmers' venture have merely
enforced this lesson.
Thus, for a reason most instructive
tite new exchange has not always been
able to get all the grain It could
* Vou must understand that for yo.irs
tlu> C!rain Combination, through its
lOlevator Trust, controlled all the grain
buying and therefore had the farmer
roped and could skin him in the finest
style of the art.
After many years some of the farmers wearied of this and built co-operative elevators at the railroad stations.
Time was when the railroads would
have blocked that game. They don't
dare to block It now, thanks be to
Publicity and to nothing else.
.Vow, of course, all the co-operative
fanners' elevators at these little sta-
"Fruit-a-tives" Have Proved
Their Value In Thousands of
Only Remedy That Acta On All Three
Of Tbe Organ-* ResponiibU For The
Formation Of Uric Add In The Blood.
Many people do not realize that tbe
Skin Is one of tbe three great eliminators of waste matter from the body.
As a matter of fact, the Skin rids tbe
system of more Urea (or waste matter)
than the Kidneys. When there is
Kidney Trouble, Pain In The Back and
Acrid Urine, it may not be tbe fault of
the kidneys at all, but be due to faulty
Skin Action, or Constipation of the
4 Directory of Fraternal
"Fruit-a-tives" cures weak, sore,
aching Kidneys, not only because it
strengthens these organs but also because "FruiJ-a-tives" opens the bowels,
sweetens the stomach and stimulates
the action of the skin.
"Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2,50, trial size,
25c. or will be sent postpaid on receipt
of price by Fmit-a-tives Limited,
price ten cenTs, as ItToften lias,~the~l<Sis
to the fanners Is $500,000,000.
j    In  view of these simple facts to
j look upon the efforts ot the gentle-
i men that are engineering thc varloua
"Hack to thn Land" or "Forward to
tho Land" movements   is   to   laugh.
Why go back to the land iiftrely to be; ll|ian,eBt rnle  reffuaitloii
' skinned in a more artistic and work-
■ manlike manner?     We are skinned
vice commission fake, or the like. Tho
cBsonce of this was that ilie robbe-v
was to be distracted w-hilu tht thlevs*
pilfered under the eyes of benevol*-
. once and to the strains of the dox-
1    To reduce the extort Ion a. *a rulli-u~.il I
ft-.u vigorously advocated. Tlie li-muy Injunction and the Supreme Cou.-t tool; can
to look, the way to solve its puzzling
Slowly'the whole world is learning
the fallacy of the theory of competition. "It is not true," said George AV.
Perkins before the Industrial Relations 'Commission, "that Competition
is the life of trade. Co-operation Is
the life of trade." True words. Cooperation is the life of trade, and the
hope of the nation, the promise of the
future. Wiih some of it these sturdy
farmers of the Northwest have remedied some of the wrongs practiced upon
■iN-m. With more of it they will all-
ollsh  Uie  rest.      CoHOjierativi2_ckLva.i
Meets every Wednesday
evening at. 8 o'clock in K P.
Noble Grand, J.  Pearson
Secretary, J. 'McXicholas,
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble  Grand—A.  Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
Meet at Alello'e Hull second and third Mondays in
each month.
John .V. Woods, Secretary.
-'Fernie, Box 657,
Meet every Tuesday s>« 7.30
p.m. lu their own Hal. -.'ic*
toria Avenue.
C. C, J. Combs.
IC of S., 1>. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas, Maddison.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets iu the K. P.- Hall
secoi i ami fourth Friday of
each month at S p. 111.
\V. ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
m the K. P. Hail first and
ti,*r-" Criilav evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
It   I'RUMiTO.V. \V. M.
j. SKILLIXG, ltec. Sec.
i enough whero we are, j of mL.^ innovations.
J    All this did not mean that the price j    Uut at last there haf ur's,* 1
; had been regulated by the supply avail-
Dry Goods. Groceries, Boots ud
ghoe*. Genu' FurulsbinM
jlar NU|>|ilitttl with  tbe  bent Wines
l<M|Unrs and Cigars
n -.he
Ncrtli-wost « movement very different
able for public consumption, for that!from all these, a movement officii nt,
price was really based upon the gam- J logical und  so seriously thn.1to.1ing
ble concerning tbe option months
ahead; or, in other words, it was fixed by future trading.
The same farmer witness pointed
out that the skinning process was applied impartially no matter what kind
of grain tbe farmer raised. He bad a
table of the market prices of corn under tbls system, nnd with It proved his
contention thst tbe price was always
driven down wben the farmer had
corn to sell, and up wben tbe corn
{had passed into the warehouse*.
1    To Illustrate again how little actual
the sanctified Black King that all Mie
power of the established sys'om is
(nit forth to crush it.
liecnune for once It flings away tho
dear old American fetish of pottering
legislation am) adopts instead tlie only
remedy that will cure.
That remedy Is Co-operation.
The InrreasliiK pressure on lhe te.'in*
I. ers hn* driven them to unite in several excellent associations for common
defense and rom mon action. One of
these, the Socli'ty of Kqulty, Is leading
llw revolt of iho Northwestern farmers, i
supply and dsmsnd may bave to do
wilh these markets. I cite the fact tbat!    ^operative Brain marketing betum
In March. Itll, there wbs less corn In'"" » »ma" Mah' '» ,s0"> ■ *"»"i« **
How's This?
Wc iffir tltm H**4rr4 S*U*r* U—*tl tat Mf i
5*T» rata* t*t Wars I
fttwrb eat.
h-p.   *
^siffftef _.
r. I. cuiwsv * co.. tam*, 0.
w*. tu mPtamm, m*t JgpftLf* JL
II* tot li mm, mmI Him ntm
otbbm  tm sift  iMtelh^MSk bemim^i^miti-mHO
w^^m   ws  vii   tmn^mm^^*m   nn^^^^^mmm*mmt
*M* u* «*it} mat net «Mtf»M*M
AT. tUXK op cttwitmrn.
ptlpAwAn  tmottm
Htftaettr. tf-Hej
wet* 'iMtlwttit. Wd I* sil Prmm*.    „
un* u*w* r«ai<r rw» in -mmtutm^n.
H»ll*« C.ttrHi Car* I* nl
mt eel Mast,     it    «    w em*
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
^■■■■■•■•■•■■■■■■■■■■IMaaHHMMMMB .
BtttM Mt I SpNlity
Un- I'nited States by rtoo.ftOO.ono bn*
liels tban the country produced In 1012,
and still manipulation nuid« the price
j lower, wben nbrmaliy It should have
been higher,
And attain, ihe year IWK» «» the
famous bumper grain crop year, when
hi mu production in this and oth«>r
couutries made Ita record. In 1911
the iMii aaa tuucb less bure aud
abroad. Yet tbe price of wheat In
mil, tbe yesr of small yield, wa* about
11 centa a bushel less tban in won, ibe;
year ef greit yield.
Tbe manipulators for tbelr own pur
IKwes made it lets.
Or, again, take the high prices of
Etons" ought to "send their grain 10 thai tors, co-operative railroads, ca-opera-
co-operatlve farmers' exchange in St.! tlve hanking. -.0operative telegr.iphs
Paul. and. some day they will. Hut! ;»"1 telephones will drive tlie black
to In'nil off the Equity the grain ■xnuib.- fl«K from the business seas and Kive
\en sent their travelling repress';i-i us a chance to make till* country what
tive-5 ull about tlie country to seo the'11 0iieJlt to be.
managers of the farmers' elevators and j For this wholesome lesson and de-
wKh bribes, lii'B and other devlris iii-j nioiisiratlon the whole country Is in-
i:tice them to send their Rialn o-i!y to; licbted to the revolting farniors of tl.e
is ihe way it looks to a man up a tree.
o?nnient should own and
.\llniiea|iolis. This seems a lia.-sh
statement, but there Is 110 other way
to express the facts, and to those i'aui-
iiiar with present-day business methods will seem natural enough.
And now, what lias your government been dolus about tills wheat situation? YOUR government, mind
yon.    Tliis is what YOUR government
Ai a result the Equity In its first! has been dolus.     YOl'H government
lias been trying to force you 10 buy
■-hiii* ifew privately owned ships now
nailing tin* seal so that the men who
arc holding tho wheat may havt; ships
your wns able to touch only one-eighth
of the fanners' elevators. To meet
sin li limklioiis methods it has sent out
;tn own lectures, who have gone from
one farmers' association to aim.her, j In which to send Uie wheat to Kurope
explaining tho situation. ■ Many tn and collect what tbey waul, if thero
elevator manager has been ••ail.vl | are no ships the wheat will have to
upon th* earpflt, some havo been <ll» j stay here, and, there being r good
missed, some disciplined, and     •-'••j j xupply, price* will come down, and not
(ar-slghtrd farmers, operating as Ueni
tliey eould through the Minneapolis\
Chamber of Commerce.    In l»ll tbey j
incorporated tlu- Kqulty Co-operative j
Uxcliiiiine, and the next year tbeir sue- j
eeat warranted them in <>»taiblfshlnit •
Ijlirlr own terminal selllns agency.    \
'■    XfU'i- '•!!■> :,.-v.v of thia ihe Jj:;..a- |
j |Kil!» banks, uutittg on behalf of il;«' |
tt'hsmber of Comm-prce, madif v\rSou* J
j war upon th* «>-operafi»# enierprlw, j
J Thit I* one of the most exiraordlnary j
istnriDs In thw hutory of modern bui! ■
; tn**», bui I bavi< not the room to t<-ll i
it bete,    I (Mil only cite tbe r«mlt, j
wliich was thai tbe banks forcm! th>>
{new *xcbans«* tn move to Ht. Paul,   )
lu December. ISH, a «il of lb* ito j
farmers' grain Is pow flowing ; 1 ilie
Ihiniers' co-oiierative exchange. The
juccess of the venture Is iiiuibsiii
The iiirtiiLrs tlwi have uliart-d in il
Iimi.' done far more (ban to establish
an honest graiii exchange and to ;«»
curi« relief from many of the frauds
practiced upon lliem. They have
sho mi tu tlio vviiule n.iiion, if ii I'-ii'i**
quite so niHiiy people will go hungiy---
tuilesti 1 hone who hold the wheat find
some other way to keep prices up.
which they probably will, They cer-
inlnly will If YOI'R government does
nothing to stop thein. Hut llie eon-
trailing part of YOITK government
vwm» to worry more about the poc-
ketbook* of "bit«liie»s men" than the
load of lhe '"common people."     That
operate alt
public utilities for your benefit. There
is no doubt about that. Uul tha
strange thing is that your government
never bucomus interested in this idea
until certain "business men" want
something for their benefit. Think
that over.—I'eorson's Magflxlne.
For severe wounds,
cuts, skin diseases,
eczema and all skin
troubles-f or adults or
for children, there is
nothing to equal the
great herbal healer
Fernie Provincial Election 19JS
wheat supposed to bave been canned
In January of tbls year by Ibe Kurop
ean wsr.    To see tbat tbls was sn
List of Locals District 18
Homo «ee. not P. O,
!#♦**»*•*•»»*.*-»,*r<, n■SStlSy, -BpMBM-St Allft»
nwif"r viesK,.tt......... SrM^psnnSt bim* 11 vrss*l»■ n nMMft MB,
11aili.il iuMf t*-**^,-.^  ntaM^«    anmm iM   Mfc.^^^.      M1*mm.
vmtmatm,..**..**,*-***,.atttm^m nn^ ipo* ^e, -nvswevs, jhis«
mMmm trim   I****** tf«*»*M*i**»« . iw.
Votmn.. T. O. Hsniss, ptsssbsHrt, AM*
OsriNMbSsIe J. MHOttA Ceifcasdsle. Calswss, Alt*,
Ossswre UmboA Wnttoo, Os—sw, AHi.
I "nisi as .J. JsbaMws. IssIssbml ttm,
■%9^^wwm^^m^■»•*••■»•••»*»»••• ^m   **w^^^^*ni^^mwmo   wm>^*wmmm^mmmim   essMe
cortta R. flsrbttt. CotNs. BC.
Cbiseek »l*ts......... P. •vs»s«e»,Clils«efc)ttses.C4MMsert«. Alt
Fernie. * ties. UfitiW, Vnmt, A c
Prssfc Amo Aotpno, Wmob, bAb.
miitrttn ««c* angler, ittiiciwM, juts
tmtAtittp.., ..•• a. Pseeeek, Bex t4, LetbbrWge, Alts.
UxMifAt* V-ti'ii-rri**..,. JPmtk fburrtDgbssti, CotSAmm Alls.
Mnptm lent ...  ?, **, Horrtmns PwoAtrnt,tMp
\i:.t»t Mrbnrt UmtA Mlahsl, A C
■Pwmomn t. ti, ftsntea f*sss»snu ams.
T***r . . . .. n t*wi-wfw»n. 'Tober, Alts,
t.aatmmtew**. ronieoro,. .Mat Itt0,er, ttotrmtomo tSOOPmw, AHa
r,tmm inset'.......... "ss. Bevsber. Jtortott. vl* Becby Msuuuia
tfsMM*, A8bt*WS.
{f ieiy of Bqully liiflfed .VXW fsrwe'* of
»tli« .Vwrthwesi »«•» a Ksrmert' -Cnnsre^i
1 a: Ht. I»aul, a, horn «b» eaw fer co-
artlfleial snd sttmula'ed eondlllon -Mejopersifon wn* »«i forth In remsrki?ile
bnn mttii ta xmim Ut tbe mponn ni tSe 1 n\tetrtien ity < mtre-wimin  jUanah*s?i.
Agriteltont flepartmont.     On Anuu'. #t-'*it,r fnum -.ml otb*r%    \Wn' *•»!
ary I. scarcely sny wfetat was l*ft lnjf;»r»ers task »<-r* it»« #*•».<>*» of ttH>
the hifiif* of lhe farmers     Prscilcal |*'o<k of tlie ('o-op«rfttlt-e  l'xeb«'>***''
ty ult bad been bought by tbe spetttb* j«n4 «*»mi'»i  the permanent  »mi-. •-.
tors at low pries* tinforo llm clianee [,,t un,. n*.v ifiiiei'pulee,
for a beige began.    So long ss tbe|    »ler.i,anu and 01 ber* Is Mt. I»««l
! ,.,»,«*.*<  **• »m *m< tmtmmt* onimn »*«• j ..*i*m>,| to .a^mitm* tot tit* rmt Ot *ht \
li'i1.   * r.u* lii^ij 1,'t*■*/,i,   «,*»■** ni wu*'k •*,.! ci. *m *>w *mi>»*# *i*i HM-j-e'U 'ittiW*. t
intmer* 'f-fliumt.     Smtat*  :tmt\
bellow Wot km-
Ones s|ain the ttmt hat arrived whtn tbt wotktr has au opportunity of expressini his opposi
Um to Xhn preisnt order of thing*.    Once again he can |ivt evidence of hii convictions that bt is
c'iwattified with tht continuance of hit exploitation
Ht fnlljr rtalUe* that his tffortt may bt thwuted became of tht len om nee of his fellowi
Rt, howeter, supplement 1 hii convictions by Ui actios aad u.ite^d of LOSING HIS VOTE pf*
ftn to vote for that which lit waatd, even if bt fans to ftt ft, rather than vott for either of tht oM
Nobody it foing to briag tht tmsndpatlon of tht worker to htm he mini nn hn. w b*** ♦♦»«*
•tiiifgie ior it, and tbts itrufflt was nt .er more intense then ft i< twtew
t%My   ■*■ nrehiitiithii.il  tbe   mnintitmlniei*^ Tbt
*ntt  tbe iwpteee op. oott #t»*t«wi)ilji
resiied ettpeadeat* Noflta
In «t»tf«* of all of wbleb nnqnestlon
: > '• -'*.  . *'*. *. ■ • . **9.; U.^*U,>»i*   kMinWH*   >-»l»«llfc
ed wben wkest resKbed IMt that "the
faraser was romlns Into bis owe/'
Ile certainly was If row retard "bl*
owe" ss tbe proffWNi ef Ibe defrseded
Xow you caa see why "Bntk tt tbe
hnotr bnn n moo* m mtn* In tb*.
j ear* ef ibom ibnl fcte-sr ibe trwtb.|rkis ts tte -re-renae.
IKM tm* et Ibe time nmtl*tt*mn ibnt* aiMttift.it-t
jswbjeel wewtd lewd s ha»4 to get Mr
Ilil. 0*4 -tke rest mit ttm former"* betb.
bail'Set one bin nny Men V iwrntes
feweer bttmntt,    Mm srtws mtm mm
ft* m "■«*#» te th* Iji**!,** f mm***
•li'i'fi-JI'li';  -T*liimil|*t»'   'fi|)»»M bMlM  -IiBj;(   «f tbt'I
alrrlr.    Hbare* sre fSt ej-:h.    Hy far j
rn .uri'slrr iiuu>bi"r i*f Uo'.l'' **!.*'   1:
jt*,* ****> »m*t*~ mt **»      trntn »*u»r*-*
fce»«rr Is entitled Is sshu irtfe, ne mm* '*
tt.* feow Man}' *hsf*« be t*t%*   <:        I
The est#r|»rl»# tn pereiy *o4t*wi±- *
tht,    l« te«*l*ss s*l|w»«-s of r,*;i>i|
nut sells titai. rhargina the i».istH'ab-
fit «|i«mnht.«fii*i nf t rent.    .1    »»»»sf» -t* ''
It pny. •» its'
tf C
The expenses of a rstnpaifn most bt fumlthed hy the workers ihemielvM oot their itmnlf
V,\ M#^ *» m£ ******* m mmho immwo mnn tbotr xtOMW* with the ttrllttt antmtaet tbat
it trill bt cstd towards hasttaing tht day of tmanHpation
tht working cUu cannot obtain its ftttdem l.y wishing for it; hard work ft tmtmtj te ac
ctrmplUh thii tnd.
!wlie Wr. Itm** t, IWTs pnlu-t m this jj«-id* ihe nuH-hltn'tnr*, **>" -mmWi*Ii
MONIY IS ISQUUUED. thtfffwi Itt ttt aa/e all yon can inert
cf -ill f&okki i'ec«iv*uU «ktul eii-^e-uUeil.
A fell aetenat will tw made
a HwthktMri ^M* tmm4: bit .i>»*^!
feaai tbls ell **i ntmlpin nbtrre • pn
cwkisrw twt»tmeA to thm emnmeee*
mion-tun ntioitit-hiitUlwn -ttr tiiti, fti nit*
o*i*rmntmr thai m^**W ih* •ivfpji.'if »'rifn
Mt»pr,g lelt*? free rm at aa tiarJy datt.
Imn is
'flat M rnxy tttt tbttp turns, ntUk *«t|t* tm* Ktcbaw*.
j the nmttotm' wrtt t«'t# tbe faterast J   to ib* ttrsd two ye»r* ntx*i it t*»*l
' He l» * lUtaa to m w tb* fated -ea s»a*» jttabMsaed it* *•• -MmsHMet mmw*
Ibw&y *)**■"* butt. Imt lm 4m» tm oott the EsrK*ee» &•»■! mmttietttt tJimM.
N  B - ftmat -fiwward t'l rort*tbatwn tn S
tte html Wo
1? ,      '     :.
Everything Advertised on
For Easter Week we will have on display the Latest Ideas in Children's Suits, Reefers, Hats and Caps
Ready - to - Wear
Ladies' Suits
.Now is tlio 1 imt* to nmkc your Easter selection.
Wo have in stook a full line of Suits in all the lead-
in jr styles und colors. The coats are the loose-
belled ofi'oi-ts iuul military syles. The skirts have
the plain, circular and yoke effects, wliich are tihe
popular styles for this season.      Sizes, 16 to 44.
Prices  $13.50 to $37.50
Special $15.00 Suits
Horo is n bargain tliat will please the woman who
wants a Spring: Suit at' a small cost. These suits
aro all rogular slock and almost without exception
have lii'i'ii marked from $27.50 to $40.00. The
coats como in short and medium length. Some of
lhe skirts arc plain tailored and others fancy;
colors, navy, hlnck, Copenhagen, grey and brown.
Sizes, lii to 44,
Special  $15.00
Attractive drosses made of such popular materials
as tiiflVta, crope de chine, messuline and poplin, in
navy, rose, brown Belgium blue. The styles represent the Umpire and the coatee modes, with
newly designed skirts.     Sizes, 10 to 44
Prices $10.50 to $35.00
Come in and see our line of Spring Blouses cf
crepe de chine, niessalino and taffeta.
Prices   $3.50 to $8.50
We have a large iissortinent of trimmed Hats in
all the new shapes and colors,
Prices .., $3.00 to $15.00
Untrimmed Shapes
In burnt.'black, and white; in small and large
Pricts 50 to $5.00
25 Per Cent OFF Ladies' Bags and Purses
This includes our entire stock of leather and bead
bags and purses.   In the assortment nre the new
saddle, and poucji styles.   Regular prices from $1,00
to $18.00.
Pay Day Special  25 ptr cent Off
Ladies' Kid Gloves
Theae arc exceptionally good value and arc made
from specialty selected skins.    They come iu tans,
white ami hlaek.    Hir.es, 5% to 7.   Regular, $1.25
Pay Day Bptcial 75 pair
Ladies' Neckwear
We are now showing a bifr ond exclusive range
of the newest neckwear, featuring amongst the latest Ihe now military.'styles.     These eome in Organdie anil nre trimmed with ribbon and buttons.
Pricts 35 to $1.00
Towel Bptoial
Linen Yin-lash Towels.     .Splendid value and a
good drier.
Pay Day Bptcial 30 pair
Ladies' Ouhmtrt Hott
Alf wool; made from a apeeially selected yarn;
»plf*i*ed too and lice! and double garter top.   I'utl
Bptcial  3 pair for $1.00
Ladiw' Umbrtllai
VtXU'ti ftii'oiig Nice) flame und a good •loolity Inf.
lets envrr.     A big wleHion of pretty bundle* to
i-Iuioho from
Pay Day Ipteial
Bptcial in Ntckwtar
Thew arc exceptionally good value*, lu tlio nn-
*ort.menl nn* »nn find almost any kind nt collar,
*»ilh«>r for waist or t»oat.    Th«*y come in law. or-
%-,!,**,*, t*t****m, in., Miml mm frgnmriji  M|i in O !.£.*.
iVky i-tey *ptct*i io
Hott lopporttn
Mad* tnm an extra good quality elastic with -extra *tr«nijr patent i*lasp which will not tear the
wHoRtng »*ijt.     r*ir.*m: rmiitn. miw*   and turtle*';
lt**gnbr .'IV.
Pay Day Bptcial ....,.,, 85
Childrens Suits and Hats
Child's Suits in plain and corduroy velvet, serges, tweeds
worsteds and  several  novelty  cloths.
Child's Reefers in Fawns, Greys,  Scarlet, Black and white
and Navy, in all sizes from three to twelve years.
Children's  Hats in Felt and  Velvet in  new shapes and
color combinations.
Children's Caps in  Serges,  Meltons, Tweeds and  Velvets
in all colors and sizes.
See Qur Window Display
This has always been a special feature of our
.Men's Department. We represent the best
makers of "Made in Canada" clothes: 20th
Century. Wm. II. Leishman, and Coppley
Noyes and Randall. We do not ask for a deposit and guarantee a perfect fit and general
satisfaction with all of our made-to-measure
garments. Suits run from $18.50 to $50.00.
Our $25.00 Special is a Crackerjack. Drop in
A new shipment of up-to-the-minute Folt
Hats for men are on display in our Clothing
Department.   Select your Easter Hat now.
Prices $2.50 to $4.50
Here is Something Interesting
A lot of last season's Pelt Hats in colors,
ranging in price from $2.&0 to $4.00, are on sale
iii our Clothing Department at $1.95
 Asirto See Them
Special lines of Tweeds, Wor-
steds and Serges, made in the
regular three button models
perfect fitting, and good wearing suits will be on sale in our ^
Men's Clothing Dept. at
$8   $10   $12.50
$15   $18.50
These  are exceptional values;
be sure you see them
We have jimt reeeived a shipment of high-
grsd«* norelty footrear, the mwreat and most
upto-dlle styles for Spring wetr. Below is a
dmriptioit ut a few of the lint*.
Ladies* Patent Colt, ssnd colored cloth tops,
Itlneher style, with Spanish shaped heel, itm
fthort vsnifis and plain too-; a yory stylish shoe.
ladies' l'ttent Colt Button Boot, made with
Kits a i <*iom top, new snaped rrencn Meet, snori
vamp and ronmt tm\ n very dressy shoe.
Ladle*' Pulemi Colt Blather or hutton high
Shoe, hlaek eravenette top, high Cuban heel,
»i,tiiirl Ifif, "*n,t Ibi* r,*m- *hrt*m r-ittrtrt' e ver* riftm.
forisliW and dressy shoe.
, .Kaster thia year echoes the eail of Spring—
ttrengtfiewlng thc detire for new and more appropriate apparel. Invictus Shoea offer you
all that is desirable in footwear—the final
toneh to a ewrreet appearance.
Set Tht Naw Styles
In our new stylet you will Instantly note the
superior excellence of thc leather and the un*
usually careful workmanship and finish.
•♦The Bert Good Shoo" will prove ita riiSt
to tht title in tht service it wHI give—greater
wear and «h«p* ma intent nee than von ever had
Easter  Offerings
in our Grocery
& Provision
See our display of Cut Flowers and Plants on
show Saturday morning.     They will be gorgeous
and reasonable in priee. '
Fresh Vegetables
We will also have a good assortment of green
vegetables, including celery, lettuce, onions, radishes, spinnach, ete. *        N
Every child aud grown-up likes sweets Easter
Sunday—we ean supply theni. Oui' assortment is
Iioyal Mixed Candy, per lb 10
Star Mixed Creams, per lb. 15
Kiley's Slab Toffee, per lb '.••••••    -35
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, per lb 35
l-jmyney 's (.-ream Chocolates, in boxes., .30 to $1.50
Lowney's Baby Boxes, each ' .10
Peanut Butter, 16 oz. jar 25
Clover Honey, 1 lb. pots : 25
< lover Honey, 2'/a lb. pots 70
Pure Maple Syrup, qt. bottles 50
 I'nyp Mania Syrnn. U, gul. tin 95'
Stuffed Olives, small  ...v 20
Queen Olives, 16 oz     .35
('anada First Condensed Milk, per tin 10
Lowney's Cocoa, ]/o l*b. tin  '. ;    .25
Cowan's Cocoa, \<* lb. tin  ....:....    .25
Cranberry Sauce. 1 lb. glass 35
Libby's Peaches, 2»/l» lb. tin .■>     .25
Canadian Peaches, 2 lb. tins, 2 for 35
(driver's Lemon Curd. 1 lb. glass 35
Kogcr's Pure Cant Syrup, 2's, 2 for 35
Tea, Special Blend Bulk, 2 lbs 75
Libby's Asparagus Tips, 3 lb. tin 25
Libby's Asparagus White, 2\-i> lh. tin 40
• ) • « i i «1
Young Turkeys, per Ib ...........,,.,,,,, .30
Young Ducks, per lb ,..  .25
Young Chicken, per lb.  ,38
Fowl, per lb  .90
Premium Ham, small, per ib. ..  :.. .24
Premium Ham, sliced, por Hi.  .28
Premium Bacon, per lh  .88
Premium Bacon, slabs, per lb.  .88
Premium Cooked Ham, per lb.,..,,....,.,.. ,40
Special Lean Bacon, 4 to 6 lb, piece, per lb... .31
Boned Picnic ITaraa, per lb ,,,, 16
Boned Rolled Ham, per lb ,.. ,90
Cooking Eggs, per down 15
O'Cedar Mops, small sue ,
O'Cedar Mops, medium site ..*,,,,,
O 'Cedar Mops, large aim	
Garden Rakes, each	
Garden Hoes, each	
Garden Spadci, each	
Garden Porlti, each .,,,,,'	
Ponttry Nettfnt. 84 ineh, iw»r vard ,
I     Poultry Mettint. M ineh. ^>er yawl   ,
Poultry Netting, 48 ineh, per yard ,.
Poultry Netting. 00 ineh, per yard
Ponltry Netting, 78 ineh, per yard .
Grey Enamel Dish Pan, 17 <|ts	
Grey Knami* WttW Pill, 14 <|ta .
Copper Bottom Wash Boiler, Xo. 0 .,
Itoyal Canadian Wringer, each.
• ' »  l I I  Ml
i > 11 i « H
.60 tnd .78
.80 ud   .75
....... ,f]nlW
  • M
...... *m
• * n 0 • . t-        0
The Store of
Money Sav-
ing Pricte


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