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The District Ledger 1915-01-09

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t"-" ■ s*^
a/'; Til
-    <^N
Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
»o. 20, Vol. vra.
r^-\fyoVt* ■ —
- X: ?tA,
Coal Creek
W. L. PHILLIPS, President District 18. 'United Mine Workers of America
Re Unemployment
In Alberta
*' 'PrasMkaat W. L. Phillips has received a communication rrom A. Farmlic,
Secretary of the Albcrca Federation of
Labor, that a delegation composed of
the mayora of\. Edmonton, Calgary,
lethbridge ead Medicine ^Ue/t, Alder-
men Hu-at and-RJdxfcjll of Calgary,'Aid-
erhiaa JUnaer of Edmonton, Mr. Alex.
Re^^tfr^=TOTaiior*reiMoetttj   secreWry iPMinllo also^ atated that
and secretary rea^ectiv^ly ot tho. Alberta -fed-tratlon 'xA Labor, -waited
upon Premder Sifton |nd f^lly apprised bim of tke. present cpndftlonf «f
uneupiajpfeatu si-hrowrt^"~^H>^
tnce. -The miaeca' position wag explained *aV great length. The result.
of this latwtlew waMulte encouraging te ■tho^iiyUon as the government kaa aet eafcfe the sum of 151.000
appof-tioMiefti being made of $7,500
per meatk each for three months, for
Calesry aad Hdmonton, and' $1,600
each perosotrth for the same period
for Lethbridge and Medicine Hat The
inspector of mines has been instructed
to Investigate conditions prevailing in
those mining districts (in. Alberta)
most acutfely affected in the Crow's
Nest Pass. .. .Assurance*^,were given
this delegation., that ;r*H-at would be
forthcoming ltyUhei.^r? hear future.
For the last three weeks or so we
have been chronicling disasters in the
Crow's Nest Pass, while the last two
cases of fatal accidents have been from
Coal -Creek. It has been remarked-often that disasters never come singly,
aud the people of the Creek have come
to regard one accident as the first of
a series, and that series generally
three. We sincerely hope that the
generally accepted number to complete the series has; occurred and that
for some time at least we may be saved the necessity to chronicle further
The explosion at 11 North, however,
was fortunate Insofar as It happened
before the men had entered the workings. Had It been delayed five or ten
minutes possibly every living thing in
the mine would have-been destroyed.
The explosion at present is a mystery,
but whether it will remain a mystery
alter the Inquiry we cannot say, but
explosions of tliis nature have invariably to be explained away by some obscure scientific theory of spontaneous
combustion or the concusslve theory.
There ls, however, one very, significant fact, and that is there was no one
in the mine at the time; Ignition from
from the usually ascribed sources, a
careless -miner or defective lamp must
be eliminated. - It would appear that
the cause is some agency for which
the digger cannot be held responsible.
-The explosion, which occurred et
about two minutes past seven, was
one of the severest ever lelt In the
Creek, outside of the big bump of twelve years ago. Houses, on both sides
jrf_thfl_-Vfli!gy- v****  qbafr*".— p^ilings-j—j
though tlie whistle hail blown the men
had.not had their lamps tested and
were waiting for the fire boss to
"blow"  them before, entering.
Had the men been waiting In the
fire boss' shack there would have probably been several lives lost, as the
shack was blown to atoms. The late-
arrival of -the fire boss was thus responsible for a further saving of life.
When the explosion burst, -from the
tunnel, all those In the immediate vicinity were blown down, and it was
here that .Thomas France, Fred Gillette and another man received their
Injuries. in the case of France, he
was knocked against the snowslied ami
badly cut and burnt, but from enquiries
made at the hospital we learn that he
is making rapid recovery. Fred Gillette had a remarkable escape, and
there is not the slightest doubt that
the horse he was driving was responsible for tbe saving of his life. Thip
horse, a particularly docile brute, when
it arrived at the tunnel mouth, refused
to venture inside, and Gillette was
bending down to pick .up a "persuader"
when thc explosion burst forth. The
horse, which was staining some fifteen
or twenty feel fronj, the entry, was
lie has notified the secretaries of Burmis ;e»d <Maple Leaf ot the Government's action and^requested that they
prepare auch Jlttfoi^a^gniik^ey.deem
'foceesaigjr'teb«i &ia^^n ^iiande br
the government to facilitate and expedite the alleviation of existing distress.
In this respect It would be an excellent plan If the secretaries of other
locals, In the affected districts wou!d
likewise compile whatever information
bearing on the subject that would help
out the situation.
crack, and the Inhabitants experienced
a d4»tin>ct,vfihock.:, Some are of the opinion that there Were two explosions,
while others aeseft f&at there was but
one..'The flame. - f cool  thej... tm*nurt>,
mouth'wot across* the.valley and tea}-
dento of fornie declare tha* a diotinct.]
glow was noticed in the shy at about
the time the explosion took pjace..
Owing to tbe fact that Saturday following the holiday is looked upon more
or less as an idle day, tbere were only
a few men waiting to go on shift, while
some little delay at tbe lamp house
was responsible for the fact that al-
struck by a large piece ol rock ln the
head and instantly killed, while Gillette escaped with a few scratches.
The Explosion
H North mine is one of the smaller
mines at the Creek and ls some fifty
feet above the level of the town. There
were two distinct reports, practically
simultaneous, and people half a mile
from the mine In describing the explosion, felt as if the ground
under their feet was being swept away
from them. Then appeared a dense
cloud of black smoke or coal dust, followed by a huge sheet of flame that
lit up the mountain side. The cowsheds for a distance of -fifty feet were
blown away, while the electric hoist
house directly in front of the mine,
some thirty feet away, was not badly
damaged, although one blast of the
explosion came through this exit. The
force was so great that it came out
through -the air course or fan-drift and
completely destroyed the fire bosses'
shack and demolished- the fan casing,
although tbe f-an itself escaped serious injury.
The news of the explosion was telephoned to Fernie immediately and a
special train -was,made up which conveyed the general manager, -Mr. Geo.
O'Brien, and several others to the
Creek. -■-
'Shortly before ten o'clock an exploring -party, consisting of Provincial Inspector E. Evans, B. Caufield (colliery
manager), H, Adamson and W. .McFegan, equipped with self-contained
breathing apparatus, entered -the mine
to ascertain -the damage to -the in-ter-
A. J. CARTER, Sec-Treasrer Olst. 18, United Mine Workers ef America
W. GRAHAM, Vice-President, Dist. 16,
United Mine Workers of America
iorr_"A"Tai^":Ume laieT W. McFegan
returned alone to the surface in an
exhausted condition and reported the
other members of the party to have
■id been overcome. A rescue party was
^ttwedjat-dy^ f(Slowing:*
fyulft,'■ Willfon' {General Manager of
the Company), J. Moore, E. Hosketh,
T. Williame (mine Inspector), W, Lancaster,-W. Commons, Chas. O'Brien,
J. Bell, A. Wateon, D. Martin, J. Ham-
er, A. Atkinson, J. Biggs and A. Watson; The first to be recovered was li
Caufield (colliery manager), who recovered very shortly after returning to
the outer air.    Mr. Caufield assigns
the cause of his exhaustion to over exertion in endeavoring to recover -Mr.
Evans and Mr. Adamson, all of whom
were members of the exploring -party.
While endeavoring to recover the prostrated men, several members of the
rescue party were overcome by the
gas and had to be revived. ,''
The exploring parjy had* only pcae-
jratjwl   tho  mlna nfl-mn^ht-n-ft h»;r.J--gj
feet before being overcome, and as
the unconscious men had to be car-
elapse before allowing anyone to enter
the mine. However, It was later decided that at* it was believed by the
mine management that a tire existed
in the mine, this should be- verified-,
and tben the mine could be properly
aeajed off, and to thle end-, the exploring party, consisting of B. Caufield,
colliery manager, 13. Evans (deceased)
-assd-R-r-Ada mwirTrnu*-Wn»!eregaii, i'wo
mine overmen, donned Draeger apparatus and entered the mine.    This be-
rled over caves caused by the expto-1 Ing some two hours after the explosion, the task of brining them out was} sion.   Witnese was not present when
Official Returns-Election for District President
Candidate and Office
. **
J. PRIOl ■■;■"
Spoilt ImlloU
M t I It • t M M
Wi Crranain ..............
Donald Xftnab ..,,....,.
Boot, Larltt ,	
txpoiK hallote ............
A. J, Carter ,,',-,...,.,..,'\H6
w*   m
• * t • • ■ • « i « • « t
J. Brooke
in Denote ,,,,.,,,,,,.
> oroou
)ilt billots	
T. UphlU ..
lobt. Lavltt
B, KofiBt
iih, *mm  mh   a
M  I   f I  I  M  |   |   M   t
******* **e
• t • • i> * t t * • • *
-Wit Hoi-
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I i t 4 n t * '■* * t * * t
97 1   14
I. Thorn*	
& OhrWie
W. -AIMS* ................I
additionally hampered. . Mr. Adawison
reqnlnsd three aniTa halt boUrt cpn\tq-|
uou» labors with resuscitation apparatus and artificial -respiration exercise
before -he revived, but Mr. Evani, after
five hours application of similar methods was given up.
Premier Sends Condolsnce
Premier McBride sent the following
message to Fernie on Saturday night:
"Please say to people of your
dlBtrlct how much I deplore the
loss of Inspector Hvans.     His
death leavea a gap in tbe service
of our country whioh will be vary
difficult to fill.
(Signed) "Richard McllrlJe."
126 >   25
the apparatus i-y^byjjjfi. ,«* .by lb**
called for aasiatajtce. and -one John
Moore, donned the apparatus that had
been used by yMcKeguU/\oii.-u Of the
exploring party, and the only one who
returned to the outside unassisted,
Moore, witb a rope attached around
his waisi. led the rcsouers, followed
by witness without apparatus. Mr.
Cuufleld was recovered first, but revived shortly after being brought out.
15vans was found by the rescuers unconscious and a short distance beyond
him Adamson. in a like condition.
With difficulty these men >ware
brought out, a number of the rescue
party being partially overcome. Other
witnesses In testifying as to tbe con-
15 {   30
150 I 131
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17 I 129
45 ! 121
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HpOlIl   IMMlOUl    a a a a * a a a a
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VI r T"T"!
The deceased Inspector was one of
the most conscientious men that has
ev*r acted ia the capacity of inspector
of mines In this district, and, so far
as he wes able, did his duty wiih a
fearlessness and disregard for critic-
Ism that was recognised by all. At
every Inquest in connection with mine
fatalities In this district he was in attendance at he displayed a thorough-
neaa and practical knowledge that one
more than one occasion brought to
light facta that might have«
been overlooked or disregarded. The
mineworkers realised that they had
In Hvan Evsns a man who was gnlng
to try to do the right thing even If
the department for ahkh hu ui.MiU
and the coal companies, «Hil not appreciate sn-rh mlcrovropl*' thoroUidii.i'-si,
Of a quiet and retiring" dtaposit'on,
tbe deceased had made many friends
dating hts stay In thit town. w?i!l« he
waa well known and respect *«d dawn
the peas, having worked in neetul or
the camps prior to his appointment.
The n-nuiMuilon apparent* -imhI tit j
(imnifHot) with the swldrnt om «««!
*<• the supvrvtfitoR of tlforr*- fritrl#».
I who la in ebatwe of the uevrwiwrnt ***** M>wt Werfcere ef AmcHca
}Hct-rue Station hew, and M*   »<»Hf :' ■ '■        "' ' '">
Johnstoae, of Coal Creek. It mn* 4m I ditlon of th* «iH.«r«ui* atatw-t li * *•
fiifrely to tb* rraei-fr*s effort* ut the jlh p*rrf-».t urd«r nUtu doaaed !i> ;h«,-
rtntttt' parties that oni) on* Ut «iit»'jjMftj, «liboiiih th.- mp'»iy <*! «»>«••«
hs* to hi? recorded, and bad it not Iw-d * *«»• bm Uj»ti ol vue f*p»tH» ot tbi> sa-
for ihelr prompt aad untirliu efrmru.! i*«r»lu* Tb# l>-p*- i»iB« two kmn '
tlw* dwaU* roll -ntmlA %m* men Ui»*f.., i•**•-»*». -tt'Ab timWi   t'bmttt   in>s*'i'»
„iim.i,™ -. : rtf-lle^t*** V'Wf*   tttttt*.   tit   .un*,**.-,**-*
I THI IKOUItr t **i* ««#»d   tmtb 1*m*t*r, tfcw* **t*
, Uo- n*tit**.i m -rwaaMtioH wt*a i^iui tn*m Xminn ■****' i* hR»*n »* in*
|4««lh nt K**» K«iM tar pro^titrtsl j moetfc*r«iihiai. th* »!h»r r*b* betmn
jki-x-pfctpi A, nr,litv*. *'Jw 'am '!*.. hi*'"*)***. Tit,* UUtu *iyk ■*.** am*4 H
Jwhllp exploring th* mine nftur  lh«J Mr. Kvnnt Wh«n lh* m#i» met* tmrat
tnfN-Mii oy ttmmer Wilkra MemHyied. *•' -ttnott rMotrtt »« n tint* of in*
j afternoon.     The Jury ronaisted et K I «*ffMme.y.     V,%t*rt eitg+ma* -atttl bm
\K. Stewart* tfor*nmtit  X  K. gttd-iaby,JnlM tn th»« ronaerilon, ;»ad tw ert*r
that ttif Invixntttatfrnt ro*>* he of Iftis
«Mftt iti«i<niiit» Bituri. « -.••r* largo
MMtfttr ef wftar««t« hat* 'b**m tmm-
O. Alia, later. M. MewMMr, Mat. ta.
'r     U      I      I      M
J L _!__!__! I.
J. Tedhop*-, **. Oraham. -I P. M*«-do«
aid and II. K. Oarnee. w»r» «w«r» in
tad ti**t-4 the r»aialij*. after which
r*»-**r ititpitir*ti*tt r.)  'ft.-     nirf   &*,vi
i where flv« wtta«-«*«* wet* mIM, Mr. j   At
,TV'*'   tV,'!';"itn*3,  -i.'iu  b  lu*i*i*.,.u*t'  wi, *^ * '*
TIIIS IS TO CERTIfT that ire Mre counted the Ballots eaat on Deeember 8th. 1914, an-l ,]**\nr* the abovo to He a romri rotint
j««fUir«- an mtyeommmt
J.9.    J.    U L*. 9,* *ltt    t'l"*    !»**<•..--i
! miuee tor tbe 4tntritt known a* Hnttb* '«*» Mr Thoa. limiionn, ttbmt l*ipf*.
em Rsel Keotney. wat th* flrat to b*tt»r et M\n** tm- ?h# lYettore et IB «•..
mlled, end «tet#«l that he had vtstfnf »»th» efftrt that b* *o## arrive that
(ih* wtit* in rompaay with the *«rwi»  e-eeelag iw«wdai» and that he «e*ir
1*4 ntttr a** -n&oifcm, smt that tker *>* to > J* eK-Halaacr. A/«*lta«l!
I4*mt**it tit flit,* «jp rtie ui'v.ii uiitit ULw ','*■'" a'tywrntacut mi, uk«*u *.u itm**.
| toa was re*eir*4. after tbla waa f»|**r, laa-Mrjr *II!i.
o{v» ration   »*e»ty.ftm»  htmta   waa
is < %.
'<,     o
The Voice
of Socialism
Great Britain
of the Servian. Socialists during the
war. Despite the fact that a nationalistic attitude »-|},tbe part of the Balkan workers might have been parliciv-
larly excusable ip their desire to uphold the independence of their awaken-
nations, their leader, Comrade Lap-
shewitz, declared on their behalf in
the Servian Parliament that, while the
atrack on S-nvfci. by Austria whs; wa
German Officers and Men Returning
From Front Do Not'Belittle Their,,
^       Opponents
•BERLIN,. Jan.4.-^Evidences  of -he
reaction .of German officers and sold-
Local Union Directory, Disfct8,U.ILW.A
iers fighting a-t the fron-t against the
outrast'. nevertheless the policy of il.e I ten-aency to belittle the fighting quah-
Nites   and
Comment   from
Labor Leader
ratliameni: his adjourned. Why
has it done so? Why has it abandon-
t <! its post of du\v at this time of un-
paralled stress in the nation's -history?
1.- there reaHy noth'nj; for it to do,
no responsibility resting with it—no
interests of the state, no liberties or
lfeetl-s of tlie people, no -circumstances
•relating to the tremendous' war struggle, big with the fate ot the nation,
««f Kurope, and the world, now going
on—that requires the attention of our
elected representatives?
Parliament evidently thinks there Is
none. li has at any rate meekly
assented to its own abrogation and
tlie establishment of a Cabinet, or,
lor all we know, a military autocracy,
over the realm.
After a recess oi some six weeks it
reassembled -three weeks ago. "What
did it do? It voted with little or no
discussion £250,000,000 Cor the war—
the hrgest single sum ever voted by
1'srlia-nient—passed hurriedly some
war emergency .legislation, heard sev-
<v:il .MiniAteral statements, put a few
•iiuejtiors—some of them Important
■enou-'.'h—to Ministers, and then, after
just fourteen days' sitting, adjourned
for ie.n weeks!
True, .Mr. As-tiuith. has assured us
that in the event of any matter arising which the Cabinet considers of
stave importance, -Parliament will be
immediately called together. The Cabinet, indeed! Since when -has Parliament acquired such implicit faith in
the word and wisdom ot" Mr. Asquith
ami his cabinet nominees as justifies
it in committing -the destinies of the
country to their sole supervision and
('.-a'ection during three .months, at a
time of virtual revolution and such
great -peril as .this? Was it not this
same .Mr. Asqultli who endorsed the repeated assurances of Sir Edward Grey
that this country was under no agree*
ment or obligation to support' France
In ease of war with Germany? Are
i,ot he and his Cabinet (presumably)
bound this oountry wllliou-; auy con-
clared with reference to its assurances
to Ulster that it was guilty of an act
^f_awpTraned~bMraylr?' SHiTTjW
not be an dhis Cabinet, (presumably)
bound thl scountry without any consultation with Parliament to an agreement with -Fran'ce and Russia tliat this
i-ountry (aad -they on their part) will
not. consider or-adopt',-any ter me of
pwice without tiie assent of the others?
iThe Cabinet Is only, or ought only
to be. the servant of Parliament. As
things are, tbls Ubcral Cabinet is re-
preservative of a party which on many
if not the majority, of domestic questions is In a minority in the House. It
is for Parliament itself, not a -party
clique of this kind, to judge what questions, especially in a crisis laden with
unforeseen issues like this, demand
its attention and discussion.
Yet at this hour* when the manhood of the nation is being appealed
to to leave their employment ^nd families and go forth to be killed or maimed oiv the plea that the very existence
of their country is at stake, our members of Parliament submit to Mr. As-
qulth's decree that the country has no
no need whatever for their particular
services and that they may betake
themselves to the bosom of their families and the golf links!
Never, one would think, if Parliament is of any importance at all, was
it more imperative than now that it
should be Jn session day'-by day, if
only for uu hour.     For, consider:
The press Is censored, not only in
the matter of all news from the battle front, and all political information
from abroad, but with respect to all
that concerns the conditions and treatment of our troops at home. Large
areas of the country are virtually under martial  law.
Industry in many parts of the country is almost at a standstill, tens of
thousands of the people are in a state
of distress, rules and regulations never
considered by Parliament are being put
ia force by the authorities.
Several   million   pounds    of    st:ite
money are being spent every week on
con-tracts, concerning    which    grave
scan-dais were brought under the notice of Parliament during the short
time it was in session.     And was not
almost the last word said in the House
an admission on the part of -Mr. Lioyd
George that "on the face of it" a case
submitted to .Mr. Keir Hardie was an
attempt on the part or a trading firm
to en-rich  itself undei' cover of the
Chancellor's own taxation scheme at
the expense of the poorest of the poor?
IJut enough.     Heaven   know*   we
have little reason to put much trust
in   the .present   House   of  Commons
Put such as It ls, It is the represents
tlve organ of the body politic of the
nation.     And we declare It Is a scandal   of   scaudals   Us   members
"Biiouid-go'Tin- ■hoitdsyn"far-the-mi«8v-Otf
circit-mstances and even-ts that engage
the hope* aud '.uir* if the whol-i nation, and the ntt-finion ot the v/otid,
as never before in British history.
\ »     ♦     •
There are further signs that a large
section of German Socialists are hy
no means enthusiastic about the prosecution of the war. In the Social-Democratic organ at Hamburg—the Hamburger Kcho—a lettar appears, slgneil
bya g'oup of members of
the party, expressing the opinion thai
the editor has turned his back upon
-the principles of the -party, has misunderstood the cause and the meaning
of the war, and has adopted a Jingoistic attitude.
Messrs. Raphael Tuck & Sons have
done their best to produce an attractive Christmas card to be published
and sold "en-tirely for the benefit of
the Prince of Wales' National Relief
Fund." The mere production of a
"patriotic" card to celebrate- the birth
of the iPrince of Peace is an irony, but
the designers, It must be admitted,
have at least refrained from printing
below the colored picture of gaudily
dressed men, heavily armed with rifles, lances and threatening bayonets,
tlie usual Christinas refrain, "Peace on
Karth." That would have been too
Servian Gov* vcnifnt was partly to
blame,' and," therefore, .the Socialist
Party would vote against fhe 'Vtxr Credits. "Thfs :s' an example of cour-
ag';." says f e writer, "that may well
b<= compared witlv the memonble stand
t.-.uen by rsc-bel and -Liebknce'it in
iSit."    ■
*       r
At the present time, when each ot
the blood-stained warring countries
is posing as the Lord's anointed and
the savior of mankind, the unbiased
and uncensored opipions of neutral,
countries would provide a series ot
rude shocks to the  self-complacency
ties of the enemy continue to accumulate. " ...
-Soldiers' letters and returning soldiers speak ih terms of high apprecia-
tion'of the military prowess and soldierly qualities of their opponents, -and
among several hundred wounded with
whom the correspondent of the Associated Press has talked -in his visits
to hospitals the last fortnight, no one
was found who refused to credit the
enemy in general, Russian, French,
Belgian and British, with bravery and
military skill.
Distinctions are drawn, it is true,
j the British being generally reckoned
of bhe nations concerned.    The Swiss as j.he tpughest opponents on -the west
The Germans had a high opinion ot
the fighting qualities of the French
sold-ler-a before this war began. The
fighting,which occurred in the march
fronrthe Belgian frontier to the Marne
and Paris tended to lessen their respect for toughness of French moral
fibre, but the last two months have
changed that again and soldiers' letters reflect Increased respect for them.
The recent fighting of the remnant of
the Belgian army in Flanders also has
greatly raised the German -estimation
of -tlie Belgian soldier, who, In the gen
eral army opinion, hnd not greatly dis
tinguished himself at Liege, Namur
and Antwerp and the intervening field
Stick It To the End
As to the British, field -post letters
continue to bear out the' statement
from a German expert as to their robust fighting qualities. One of the
latest of thes letters, printed in the
Cologne sGazette, contains the Hollowing striking passage:
"People at home appear to have
wrong notions about the fighting
qualities of the enemy. The .British
are the toughest and bravest foe we
have to meet. Every individual man
keeps on shooting coolly so long as he
is not taken -prisoner and these trained
veterans shoot well. When we storm
a position the French will run when "ve
close in with eur shouts of 'hurrah,'
but the British stlcx' tenaciously to
their entrenchments to the last"
. Danzer's Armeezeitung, the leading
military publication of Austria, pays
a high tribute to the Servian, Belgiah
and Russian troops. The -Servians
journals La Voix db fHumanite tries
to hold impartially the scales of Justice. In a recent Issue it publishec an
extended list ot German atrocities, as
reported, in tlie British and French
prpss, the truth ot which was testified by responsible Belgian (authorities. German readers of the paper,
■knowing their countrymen to be ordinary human beings and not brutes,
were indignant. In the following Issue a detailed list of atrocities committed by Russia au dthe Allies was
given, and the truth dt these excesses
wastestified by German authorities
nnd French priests, and the French
readers of the journal were in their
turn, indignant.**The editor of La Voix
de l'Humanite hereupon interposed
nnd suggested that the cause oi tne
auoettles is not the essential cruelty
of one nation or the other, but war
*     *     *
The Socialists of Spain are taking
a very broad view of the war. ln a
recent issue of La Jostle a Social, the
organ of the Socialist Party, the -juration is asked: "To which side should
Socialists give their sympathies?" This
is thc answer given:
"Can they sympathize with tlie autocratic imperalls-m of Germany?
Can they sympathize with a government so In-competent and. hypocritical
as that of Great Britain today? Can
they place any hope in the politl<il m, corrupt to the core. # of
thi: monstrous and criminal Tsar'sm
of Russia?
"No! The sympathies and Hope- ol
Socialists must be placed solely ln
the workers of all* the nations.   When
Who is Your
DO you ever consider
the importance of
0« the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
If you want really high
class printing the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
-.Many cf our readers will remember
Mdle. Alexandra Kolloutay, the Russian Socialist, who visited this country
a yea.r or two ago. In a letter to Mr.
Mlddleton.the assistant secretary of the
Labor Party, she says she has reached
Sweden safely from Germany and has
had'a warm reception from the Socialists, "who are very kind to us." Mdle.
Kolontay adds, "my frlendsship and
my thoughts are always with the English comrades, especially in these horrible days.     Give my kind greetings
to all of them who remember me."
.      *     »     *
In De Notenkraker, the Dutch Socialist weekly, appears a oartci-on de-
pitting the *eal enemy of the yorkers.
A haggard and starving -man is shown
at the counter of the government pay
office. -He is about to take up the
money on the counter when a pompous,
silk-hatted banker pushes him aside,
with the words, "Me first!" The cartoon wotild have been equally to the
point in this country, for the first aid
given during the war was promptly
ser-nred by the banking concerns.- -Private ownership of the means of life
is the real enemy of the people, whether those people be French, German or
British workers. That we can never
bear in mind too much.
* •     *
 Many nf nur readers Avill be alad ta
know that the letter which* Mr. E. D.
Morel forwarded to the Birkenhead
Liberal Association on resigning his
candidature has been printed in
pamphlet form. Mr. -Morel has added
two valuable appendices, the first giving the full text of the questions put
aad the answers given in the House
of Commons relating to our Continental obligations, tbe second consisting
of notes on tha German strategical
position and the Belgium neutrality.
The pamphlet Is Issued at Id., nnd
may be obtained .from tlio National
Labor Press <:10, Mackfrlars street,
Manchester!.   Branches ot the 5. L. P.
should "boom" It vigorously.
* *     *
-Commenting lu the Methodist
Titxitj* on resolutions on the war carried hy the Wcslrja,! Methodist body,
th* Uev. II. Ilnlrd Turner says they
declared In effect, "wc must recognize
with pride that our young manhood
In responding, with hosts of ^loham-
medians nnd Hindoos, Russians and
Japanese, xo the touch of that Imperial war drum that summons men to
the fight of Christ a gainst the Devil.
It Is well to be original," -continued
Air. Turner, "but men of conservative
mould may perhaps be shocked when
Jesus is taken from the Cross at the entrance to tbe narrow way that leads to
life, and placed at the head of tbe battalions with a rifle on his shoulder in
the way 'thai la very broad and lead-
et li to destruction.'"
*W* diMw**tntL*ttt ha. been ex.     Kefonners ■» ««•_■«•»•« *•* '•*
...„.—.i I...W..L, ih. »... »*«««* fal*** *r» iubilani because ot a law pas*
pressed because the peace advocates M«#-.*,i-» it.. ,^«,--.
•n flermany are apparently silent at «J l«'bat State wnftrrln* the powera
of a Uj«r inapector upon truant officers and policemen.    Dy means of thia
-_ No. 2314
, IJeet first and third Fridays,
Miners' HaU, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Croek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphills Sec, Fernie,' B. C.
No. 2334,
Meet  every -Sunday  afternoon
at' 2   o'clock   !n  Crahan's  Hall.
Sick , Benef 11'. Society attach eo.—
R. Beard, secretary.
Meet'every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opeo^  House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second'- and fourth
Sunday of each1 month at? p.m..
_tn Slovak HalL ,-Slck Benefit Society attached.—Thos, G. Harries.
Sec Passburg, Alta.
I        .   •    7.AV   '-
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
nore.- Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2,30   p.m.   In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.   Mitchell.  Sec,  Box
105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock ln ma Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benoflt Fund
attached.—Fjank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Banklifad; Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m. No sick benefit.
Secretary, P. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 949
Meet every 'second and fourth
Sunday of each month at W a.m.
in School House. BurmU. No Slek
Society.—Thos. O. Harries. Sec;
Paesburg, Alta.
au-tocracleir'atJacft each otKS IK"
workers should rise u.f> solidly ugalost
thein'-nil. Therein lies the hope ot
the workers. Por the realization of
this hope we must work, suffer and
sacrifice ourselves night and day. So<
clalism alone can * liberate the world
from a new series of disastrous wars.
Socialism alone can decide tbe future
of the .world, and the hour ot that decision Is a-t hand. Militarism, which
rules the world, is already feeling the
urosBure of the Socialist movement. Is
tho Socialist movement ready for the
moment of its opportunity?"
•     •     *
In the devastated district* of France
babies nre dying like files for want of
"Till* beiitcnco." writes Marian Will-
more, "enme to mo In a letter a short
time ago, und it has haunted me ever
since. This Is one of the 'glories of
war' about wliich the War Ofrice, the
Press Bureau, and the communiques
are silent We hear ao much about
the 'honor' of countries nowadays, but
lioiv tloeu u welnli in the balan-c* a-
ualiiM tin- pruloiiKiil agony the mothers are suffering ns they watch the
slow starvation of their little ones,
powerless to help? People heed to
realise thnt while they applaud the
heroliMu aud tilory of war a poleullal
nation Is'dying like ffliea."'
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sun:
day of each month at 10 a.m,'in
Union Hall. Maple I«eaf.  No Siok
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec-
PaRRburg, Alta.
1 I,
No. 674
Meet every Wednesday evenlsg
at 7.30 in MlnerB' HaU. 18th Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 3,30 P.M.
ln the Socialist Hall. — Janes
Burke, Sec, Box St. Bellevue,
No. 2877 ,
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in  the Club Bali.    Slek
Benefit Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund. attached;—
Max Hutter. Sec
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after ea-ah tay
day, at Miners HalL   Bfek and
Benefit   Society   attatbod.—S
Morgan, Secretary,
made that they ;ire without food and
amntuhl-tion. ' Credit is giveh the Belgians for atandlng with England and
Pranc*"France "when they must have
reaMaed'that'their?©wn- cause was ir***f*H
redeemably lost." The press is criticised for it attitude in attempting to
belittle a foe that is both brave and
By Bert Leach
The Household Remedy
ALW A Y S   keep « bottle  of Eno's in
tho houio in readiness for an emergency.
"Ther^irnM the'toit dange-r<>«f-*>«nt ill
-effect or improper um in any tinne,** its action
U entirely in accord with Nat uie.
Eno's "Fruit Salt" contains the   valuable
constituents of ripe fruit in a poi table, agreeable
and simple form, and is in every respect en
harmka* a* the Juice* of tbe (ruts from wkich
it Is obtained.
Sold in all the principal towns end cities of
Prtpertd only hy
i. c no, ui, "Fnu ttk" whuuw«, iai.
the present time. tMe Menachelt <8«lts-
trlamti explains lhat Ihe peace sod*,
tk-i nf tlcrmany have, durins th* war.
Wined more members than they have
lose and that tbey beve not raised a
public pnxest against the war only be-
nine of the state of martial law which
©slut* and tbe |irifV»li»nce of war fever.
"They do net eonaMer It wlae lo wake
niHriyr* of ihemtfelvi***, but rather toi
law they think tbey will, be able to
abolish all nhild labor in that State.
. . . . When the question of child labor Is viewed in Its entirety, however,
there seema to he HtUe reason tm re-
Jolting. Remedies have to »tn»e
dtep-rr than a mere widening of the
{to«#f» nf a truant officer.
ttmomite their fe«** nntil the *» I   »' ,h« **** ^52^5*5!!
«»-— «k.» .hh • rh,nir.rf ttnMif ,«*, *»»»i»rtngn*ss that child labor today
*to«. they will 0* able to mm *., MmZnm among tmtm*\
fe-Htv*  prtmanre -mi   tiwir  Wi|M»r»l*e
The editor of Ih-f IKe M^nnr-h-tit re
minds hi* readers of bow the earth
tytmiltmn nf Ai-»«»lu* Mil 8m Fi'hik'I-^o
united tbe people of the earth hi a
(With Apologies to Kipling)
A fool there was and he cast his vote
(Uven ns you nud l).
For ragged pants and a tattered coat,
And some grub un whfch he ilidu'i
He voted,for 11, O. P., you'll note.
(Kveii us you <uul I.)
Oh. ihe work we do for the favored
/in the miserable wage re got.
V\- crnrk the nnta and tliey tak«» the
They hand uh chaff and they tak* the
And tn make our bondage inor.< complete,
We vote tor the system yet.
A fool there wa* Ind he goods had
(Kven as you and 1,1
lie worked like 'ell from sun to sun,
ile got no rash, no he worked for fun,
And he voted juet as his dad had done,
(Kven as yon and i.l
Oh, he worked like fun from tan lo
And he plotted and xbemed and
lint he Just roald not nuke both ends
If Mils head kept warm then he frete
his feet.
And his kid* hadn't lulf •n-onab to eat.
flat he <<mM«1 ■and-mta-i, I.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Ftid Up. .97,000,000      Raatm Fund ... .17,000,000
PgLIC HOWLAND, la*. President   ILIAt ROOIRt, Esq, Vfehftei
Arrowhead. Athalmer, Chase. Cranbrook. Pernio, Oeldan, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Ravststeke, Vancouver, Victoria.
iMereat allowed ee dspssita at e*rre*t rata ftam -data at -gaaaaH.
ft-aer* wsa a lime when stupid par-
ttats sens their rWldren ta work lw
"t»tWhiiwe of the law la erler «a nceem**-
' | Iste money or property.   That type m
jfbiM labor is now a eoasfaraiiva wrt-
*.    it ,   -»*-..»• m» ttt****.*       "<%»*»«  mat*
tool wna »«rlp|»«l te hi* fno!'»>b
iK«m aa yoa not 1.1
They cealdat ase that tbeagh thay
may have trie-d.
And the poor too toot ttm klaaaa eelae,
Aai kto law H*ai aa tfteagb Ma bead
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :*:    Fernie, B.C.
s»«P4inj. a-a-i »wa*e,^w t^tettt* **tb*e m Itiww-sw mr ml       ttWfeatt aaam «M tl
w«. JTiaS^IErr^ ********* ■"■""Ha w» *;;**» •«* »* *«
^totally of the war■ h[**»«}** "»j   wtort *«**• eMMtaa ta tmtb teda, j      that athwa like - «*tte4et brand
nadeiriirrral    ot    similar    .*•»«!**.. ^  nfw. u #<rfr(MW, ^m ^^.1,,., ,%tl ^^ ^IMm'eaii af n 1st
¥T* .*?*..w>t,!>..*w',."'T.TtJ^.!**Iitmi b> *»awl#»#»t. nttiM. offWhaH worl tea bom for t*» bmt€
Al? r* AMM1?111^1?
WttU, TMi Dctd*, Mottpgtt» loramic* Mkte
^(.-^^ ^FwBH^^B    w wHtmmmtmt^m-'mHe •■© ^iWMIWP ^^Bl  mmm*e^*^^*mr WF^etmi^^Hm
' b.tb
r«rnl« Braneh
Holland aad Rrttala. large sawn arel
b*elai reatrtlpatid to twileve the die-
u*ea*4 la all the twltigerwat e«mitri#i.
not to Kmffnot a feed haa V-m l«*a>
mr-ir»it to ntaftt tb* wlvm unit timl-
• Ilea af -fleatMWe sllewa.  Qaattag tkaaa
Ituuttcca. the offfor of m^ M"P."'h'*ff J"": •"?
.ap*ai« tm Ootnmn 4oaatiaa« far tba '"
tvNef at -tkHtam nomottt the riatt
pef^iaf lew etr waaapfps. iseigtaai*
•    •    •
te *MB attswk- la ttm Wt»o ttmtm
t'\*i*i* Tttrl-i Intm rmnobmb nf ft**-
tmm paj • a bmb tttbom to Uw mmmn
death af tke fWfctr,  So itmmty far
, <mi i to'wr. therefore, that 4ota aot | And rote far lie thlag oa tlerttoe day.
»iHfc* at poverty Itself can be ceasldi      Aad will aot aaderataad.
| rm moro thaa a ptmattve.  the New |   g, \^i» usw
fjetaay l»w assy ptt/ttm. tha aiptotta-f  _.-„,.„-	
j'.jeael MtMrrti m #napv«|«rr».   ta. «dwwMk,    ymmtr PrwsWleat **w «< »»-*r»»*i«l
ne* wmb *emm 'tmm«mmn%. bomtmm.l^i^trmf, ttbmo Maal -at a fcero la •
tk* mat, at tk* tOM *obmt'mi**y^mttboi\etn  a***MWBan» aaya.  w«e
evil   iTMeoco TfflNM. | tm* eye -aa tkt tltbjttbjttt RoclMfMar
  —'■r^a-mnmm  xb*: i.W ymm* Mt, Rette-
leiwr bm b«w» "wroagt-dr aai that
"aa aiaa'a haabMaa ethks are better
tkaaat*"   RtMeatly Dr. KHata atldca
^BBn^S^^So*%m!m «**tak -wA bmbl
tC^SmnSmmSm    »    ■»    tbotmni
tet^L^^^^ ^y^n*^ j^^^^^^^ IL^^^-^^m^'-'^gBjH ^^C    ^--^udL^^LJ    tteat*ia*E*a^ma^ jm^^^^^^^*^^^
99,1*1, Am Ham* Bank out Wtti ttftle IWII UO Willi ■
^^^mmm mm^mn mt^m^^o^mr   ai^^ii^*****^   -*^™   •• ■• w   ew""~   *^^.*^aa*wm  ^wgpr*"*-* j»-ww   am*
*y W ^^^^^^-Hi*<^^^^ ■^^^^^■■i^^m -|^*^^^W ft
0«r.MAOOOHALDf Nlanm^t
ptotttm to
V -ml   -tt,i^ 9
■ *--■**'■'
Peps is <the. name-tbestowed upon e
a new scientific preparation put-upl-
|nto. tabl-'U or pastille form, which I
provides an entirely new - and eftec- i
tlve .treatment for coughs, cold:,
and lung and. throat troubles.      j
Did- it never  occur to you  asl
peculiar that.when* you have  a|
cough ' or  a  cold,  or  any  chest
trouble, you should apply njiedlclne
— not- to your lungs,- but to your,
stomach?"    .
' Look at it the other way round, f
Suppose you- suffered -from some
stomach complaint—indigestion or]
ulceration. How strange you" would'
think it It you were asked to take
a medicine. which bad to be
breathed in, and which went—not |
to your stomach, but to your lungs
and breathing passages?
Peps—this   newest   remedy   for
coughs, colda, and lung troubles-
go  to   the  lunga  and  breathing- jl
tubes, direct,   peps are really pine|
fumes, and certain highly beneficial
medicinal' extracts  specially -pre-jj
pared by a new scientific process
and then condensed into tabic:.
form.   It is like making a breath,
able gaa.aolid!
You put a "Pep" on youi
tongue and let it dissolve. As it
does so, the healing essences it contains turn into vapor, ahd you
BREATHE them direct vto your
lungs:and air ppssages!     \
Just aa the out-door treatment
for consumption—the "breathing"
treatment—ls now admitted to be
the only rational treatment, so the
"Peps" treatment for colds and
lung troubles is the only rational
home treatment.
Peps cure catarrh,, coughs, bronchitis, sore throat, tightness or
aching across tbe chest, difficulty
In breathing,, night'cough, hoarseness, asthma, laryngitis, smoker's
throat, etc. Best for children, because free Trom opium, morphine,
or any poison.
All druggists and stores sell
Peps at 50c. a box or 3 for $1.25.
Cut ont this ^article, write
serosa it the Ifiame of this
paper, and mail ~"It to Peps
C'OnJToronto, or 52 Princess Street,
Winnipeg, enclosing 1 ccut
stamp to pay for return postage. A free trial packet of
Peps will be mailed you by
return. If you have a friend
suffering from a cough,
Y OU  y
Assess Employer ^
. Employee
Report on Insurance Law for Work-
men Favors Asking All to Contribute some
Governor Lister's special commission of nine men, appointed to consider and recommend -to the legislature
a bill covering surgical and medical
care and attendance for injured, workmen, completed ita work recently in
Olympia by unanimously agreeing
upon a measure designed to cover tbe
situation fully and satisfactorily to all
J. P. McGolddck of Spokane, one of
the commissioners representing the
employers of the state, said yesterday.
Necessity la Conceded
"While -the necessity for caring for
men injured in hazardous occupations
is conceded by all, the elaboration of
a law designed to accomplish such a
result without unduly burdening our
industries <must always be considered.
"Details can easily be arranged after
the "main and vital points have been
agreed on, and in the recommendations to be made to Governor Lister
next (Monday, -the essential elements of
a .workable law providing -surgical,
medical and hospital-care for -injured
workmen, Include all necessary pro-
visiona for legislation covering thl*4m-
portant question.
Both to Contribute
"To provide funds every employer Inn inefficient physicians and improperly
and coal mining industries than in
other occupations in the -state, due
partially to the. hazard', but largely -to
the fact that these two classes cover
a considerable majority of all workmen.
"To remove the suggestion that perhaps industries -with nominal hazards
were contributing -toward the payment
of care for injuries resulting from tihe
more hazardous occupations, four
classes were oreated: i
"First, class 10, covering lumbering
"Second, class 16, coal mining,
"Third, all semi-hazardous industries
paying less than a 1% per cent, premium rate to the state compensation
fund. ,
Fourth, all other industries paying
over 2V-2 per cent premium.
To Care for Injured
"Tho industrial insurance commission Is duly empowered to contract
wherever and whenever necessary for
care for injured workmen during the
first 90 days of an injury, but with the
further provision that aggravated
cases may be cared for longer, the latter cost to be pa-Id out of the compensation class fund.
"The transportation of an injured
workman to the nearest place of treatment is to be borne by the employer.
"Unscrupulous, grafting employers,
er of any -part of -the workman's contribution all assessments must -pass
through the hands of the state Industrial insurance commission."—Spokesman Review.
By G. E. M.
tbe atate must pay over to the industrial insurance commission monthly
one-third of one per cent of his payroll, and every employe must likewise
contribute one-third of one per cent of
his wages for the same purpose. These
contributions combined will produce a
sum sufficient in the minds ot all to
fully care tor every injury that may
occur in hazardous occupations. If not,
provision has been made for extra assessments -when Reeded, and if too
much money Ib raised In -this way, as
ia likely to prove true, assessments
may be omitted from time to time.
This is not a burden on the employe
at any time. The man earning ?GOO a
year pays $2 for one year for surgical
and hospital attendance, while the
11800-a-year -man would pay $6 pen
jjear. For the same reason no -undue
financial obligation ls placed on tbe
employer as the distribution over the
tit»t« of the tAtfll-POgt-^PoyJIgg-to-the
hazard equalizes the-burden,
Four Classes Are Created
"More accidents occur In the lumber
conducted hospitals are made impossible by providing for strict supervision hy the commission in tlie first
place; the .provision tbat no profit
shall accrue in the second place, and
full authority to remedy any evils,
abuses or omteslons in the final analysis.
Seek to Prevent Fraud	
"Employers generally believed that
a period of two weeks after the happening of au accident should elapse before compensation should begin, to prevent malingering through fake accidents, trivial injuries and the prolongation of minor injuries. This term
was thought unnecessarily long by the
commission by deciding on a waiting
period of six days, accident treatment,
however, -to begin immediately after
the Injury was sustained.
"In regulating hospital and beneficial associations provision ha* been
employers and- working men whereby
theee benefits may be continued, but
to prevent the retention of the employ-
Be aggressive
Get what you go after
Make good.
Do what you are expected t*» do.
And paid for doing.
No matted wbat obstacle you meet.
Just hammer your .way through, some-
-how, anyihow—we don't care.
We pay you for doing things.
And- we want them done.
Then we will pay you higher salary,
and expect you to do more yet
That is the main scheme of modern
If you don't succeed with the task we
set you, you may go back to the
.Minor League
Of $15 a week clerks.
If you do succeed we will advance you.
We are willing to pay you a million
dollars a year
If you make seven millions for us.
Of course it is our money that we pay
you; '
Don't doubt lt for a moment,
Even though you think thait lt comes
originally from the customer.
And that we have to charge the custom
er more in order to .pay you sucb
high wages for getting tbe customer
to buy from us.
On the Q. T„ it's a sort of complex
bunco game after all.
What ls?
Why, modern business.
We raise -hell and sink heaven in order
to get customers and sell them our
And we hire you to do the dirty work.
Paying you big money
If you are sufficiently aggressive
And land the customers.
But the big money we pay you comes
out of the customers' pockets.
In the long run,
And he is -really paying you big money
to come and use your aggressiveness
upon him,
To make him buy his goods from us
At a high enough price
To enable us to pay you big money
wblch the customer kindly furnishes.
It's a queer game.
You must study Human Mature.
Size, up your customers,
if they prove easy you will not have
to chloroform them.
If not easy, you will have to find their
—sweak"psitrfrsi    " "
And wiggle the weakest points to your
advantage.    V,
Also know the strong -points,
And make use of them in your business.
Be all things to all men
For the sake of the Almighty—
Laugh, coax, kneel—or browbeat,
Be aggressive—
It pay*.
—N.Y. Call.
The coal situation in Austria is becoming alarming. The reserve shocks
of coal held by wholesale dealers have
been used up and the dealers are
scarcely able to meet the demands- of
their customers from day to day.
Ninety-five per cent of the household
coal comes fro Upper Silesia. There
are large stocks of coal in Silesia, but
there are no freight cars to transport
them. All efforts to obtain, coal from
Western -Bohemia and Moravia have
failed. The mine owners already have
sold their output in advance and refuse to make new contracts,
The municipality of Vienna had planned to create a reserve stock of 30,000
tons, but being unable to collect even
a thousand tons, was compelled co
abandon the attempt. The coal shortage will be felt severely when the really cold weather begins.—U. M. W. of A.
Note.-—There are two Silesias; one
a province of Prussia in the extreme
S. E-, between Poland and- Bohemia,
the other a duchy and crown land of
Austria. Coal exists in both provinces in considerable quantities. The
principal fields in German territory
are around Heathen and Konigsbutte
and at Wateeaburg.   The annual output exceeding 27% million tons.
Tihe -capitalist spellbinder has a message for -the world—and it is marked
Misunderstood His Answer
"What is he so angry with you for?"
"I haven't the slightest idea.   We
met in the street, and we were talking just as friendly as could be, when
all of a sudden he flared- up and tried
to kick me."
"And what were you talkirtg about?"
"Oh, just ordinary small talk.      I
remember he said, 'I always kiss my
wife three or four times every day.'"
"And what did you say?"
"I said, 1 know at least a dozen men
who do tbe same,' and then-tie had a.
No Extra Cost
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder is not
a contributor to the increased cost of living.
Its price has not advanced, although
there has been a great increase in the cost
of cream of tartar, from which it is made.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder makes
the, finest and most wholesome food and is
most economical in practical use.
Baking Powder
Made from Pure, Grape Cream of Tartar
g . #'
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns* Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U* $*
We have looked through your paper with considerable car* mud int*f**t,     W* m\ght take thfs opportunity to cu
press our appreciation lor the service as rendered so far.   We would also add that it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we
have nm across in some time.
,.  -« *
jltfci "T^rnr
-WSV-V '%- -■
<Z\yc Mtltizl £*H*t
Published every Thursday evening at i& office,
Pellat^ Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
Today in every public school throughout tliis cou-
tiiH'Dt i-liihlivii have frequent fire drills, and the
rapidity and orderliness with wliich class rooms are
vacated bespeaks a warm ■tribute to the discipline
of llie teachers and to the nimble intelligence of the
The object sought, is to lessen the possibility lo
life and limb should fire break out.
A candidate for a third class certificate (fire
bosses' ticket) must first satisfy the government examiner that hc-li-ns had first aid or St. John's Ambulance work before he is. permitted' lo sit for the
examination. The object of this is to enable the
mine official to render timely assistance to his fellow workers iu case of aeeident,
That every mincworker'cannot qualify for the position of fire boss Ls a foregone conclusion, but that
■ should-in nowise deter all mineworkers, and likewise individuals in other occupations, from taking
lessons in first aid work.
This question has been discussed by officials of
(he !.:. M. W. of A. and Mr. \Y. K. Wilson, manager
of the C. N. Pass Coal Company, who has signified
liis willingness to co-operate in so laudable a project
and in the near future it is expected that suitable
.•u'rangeinents will be made, details of which "will be
published later.
"Hurrah! for 1!H5!" is the slogan today.
"Let us ask ourselves the question why do we do
Instead ot making loud mouthed utterances it
were far better if we engaged in a little sober
I bought.
Simply changing the number ''4" into a ''">" is
■not going to .-affect u miraculous, improvement. <•
We have all read statements credited to bankers,
railroad magnates, industrial princes and others of
thai ilk. lhat an wa, of •prosperity will -shortly appear on the scene of aid ion.
Whistling to keep one's spirits up may be O.K. as
a temporary expedient, but is of lit tio use in filling
mt empty stomach. Optimism is all right iu its
I'lai-e. but when it is synonymous with mental blindness, drastic measures are iu order if tlif sufferer is
it, be brought hack to a rational state.
The recipient of a twelve per cent dividend ou
liis investment views Ihe world through different
colored goggles lo those worn hy an individual wlio
lias little funds and a large family.
Wherever we turn onr attention today conditions
are bad. This is a fact that cannot be truthfully
denied. Constant repetition of like statements will
npt iiu'iid mattors we know full well, nevertheless it
1mi,v dawn upon some that n study of the why aud
Wherefore might, he beneficial.
We will cite an individual ease, not bocauso it ia
'Individual, but bocaiwo it typifies the distressful
ktate of affairs prevalent generally.
Prank, Alberta, has achieved more than passing
notoriety—mountain slide and mining disaster imve
happened iu its bailiwick, and now many of its rcsU
dents are in the grip nf the monster "Poverty.''
School* have been built for the purpono of affording mental improvement to the rising generation,
but when the physical ium'iIn of the pupils are lack-
, big lo .'.-vp.'.-i thai InlclWiuu) food can It.- iissiiuilat-
> < d i-s a palpable absurdity.
In the vicinity of Frank there are many youngsters who, in addition to inability to obtain suffi-
ient food, are without adequate protection for their
feet, consequently are compelled to absent themselves from school, and in some instances mothers
have had to have recourse to flour sacks in order to
attempt to furnish their offsprings with covering
for their bodies.
The local miners7 -organization has done the best
it can with the limited means at its disposal, but this
is painfully inadequate to meet existing requirements. -We-are informed that the attention of the
government's official, Mv. Garden, has been drawn
to the subject., and judging by past actions of this
gentleman, he will lose no time in investigating the
It must be discouraging to men of humane tendencies to be so persistently confronted with such
evidences of distress as are now so commonplace
throughout the Dominion, and they, surely should
be more constrained to act than those who have not
witnessed so much*misery.
Perhaps they do liave occasional self-communions
on the. question, still merely quizzing is not enough,
a thorough study -of the underlying cause is essential ere the remedy can be ascertained. What
would we think of a dpclor when a sick man in compliance with his request, put out his tongue for examination, said: "My dear man, your tongue is
not red enough: here, take this prescription, and let.
your wife go down to the paint shop, buy a pint of
carniine. then your tongue will be thc correct tiht."
In plain language ,with varying degrees of forcefillness,, this'so-called healer of the sick would be dubbed a "fool."
Temporary relief -administered to the sick man
"Society" is no more efficacious in curing ills than
a covering Of red paint would be to a sick individual.
Do you know "what "Diagnosis" means? This is
the definition according to Webster's Dictionary.
"The distinctive or discriminating knowledge of
anything, but especially of a disease." That is to
say, "diagnosis" means to know by the symptoms
discernible the contributory factors of a given malady or sickness.
The scientific Socialist is the doctor called to attend upon a sick society. Ile finds that there is
abundance in existence of everything necessary for
society, and yet he also knows that at one extreme
of the body politic there is -a ple-nthora (and that
extremity an insignificantly small percentage of
the whole) whilst at the other extremity there is a
We have made  use of two words, "plethora"
and "paucity." that are unfamiliar to many, therefore as this is an educational journal we will again
quote from friend Noah's storehouse of knowledge:
PLETHORA—In medicine, fullness of blood;
—QX-a-OBB-of'-blft*Ml_;_M*ylfttipn_L_th(i state o'f the vessels
of the human body, when they are too full, or
overloaded with fluids.
PAUCITY—-Smallness of quality; ns paucity of
'   blood.
Now, Doctor Socialist having diagnosed the ease
doos not advise the patient to take a large dose of
"red paint" labeled on one side "thrift" and on
the other "charity," but bluntly and candidly pro-
claims that no lasting benefit can be obtained until
the allopathic dose of co-operative ownership of the
moans of wealth production and distribution has undergone deglutition (Latin—deglutio, to swallow.)
Wo cite the case of Frank, Alberta, simply as an
illustration of what is Inking place in one corner of
tho body politic,     lilnke, the poet, says—
"A starving dog without the gate
llo-speaks the downfall of the state."
If Frank were an isolated ease it is still worthy ot
consideration.     Unfortunately it is only a niere
speck and the best that oan be offered so long as the
existing    regime    continues    is    the    palliative
remedy (!) of Charity.
Thore are millions today who realise that something is wrong, but thoy prefer to prescribe "red
paint" rather than make a careful diagnosis.
This is the appropriate period for making
resolutions. Therefore, let tw all make resolutions of actions and not r-wwlirttoiw of words
only. The disease is decp-aented. therefore apathy
will not euro it. We have had enough -oi em-
pirica (a physieiau who elitent on practiee without
n rogular pnif-w-miomtl education; n quack; a char-
\utiiu) and instead commence tx xtudy of the m'tonee
Fernie Municipal
Elections 1915
Fernie, B. C, Dec. 30, 1914.
t " %
Unsolicited by any party or sect I beg to offer
myself as a candidate ior Municipal honors at the
forthcoming elections, and if elected will use my
best effort and ability to serve the ratepayers in a
thoroughly businesslike and unbiased manner.
Yours faithfully,
To the Electors of the Oity of Pernio
This is to announce that I respectfully offer myself
as Candidate for Municipal Honors at the forthcoming City Election, and if elected will use'my boil
efforts on behalf of the taxpayers of the City.
k 1
To the Electors of the City of Fernie
At the request of several friends and ratepayers I
have decided to offer myself as candidate for Municipal Honors, and if elected will use my practical
knowledge in building construction for the benefit
of the Municipality, and in all other respects serve
them to the best of my ability.
To the Electors of the City of Fernie
I beg to offer myself as a candidate for Alder-
manic honors, and if elected will use my best efforts
on behalf of the citizens of Fernie.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,-—T-he ."'New Year's wishes
pf .many millions aie undoubtedly, far
from being rea-lUed*, having .regard lo
the -preaent conflict raging in Europe,
Asia an-d Africa. ' Nevertheless^ the
usual good wishes and greetings have
been exchanged by -many in a spirit of
earnestness'a-n-d sincerity, and a desire that the following' twelve -months
may be productive of happiness and
concord. -It will -be, -however, very
much a question qf our own effort and
determination to bear our share of the
sorrows as well as the joys .-that may
be' in stare for -us during 3 915.
.The late Evan Evans, like others, received his share of good wishes from
h-is numerous friends, but unfortunately was denied a chance of realizing
In the mining world we are con:
stan-tly reminded of the many serious
calamities of the past; and the Intervals are of a duration that will not permit, of forgetfulness.
Fenileltes, though accustomed to
frequent accidents, cun never forget
the extremely sud calamities which oc
curred nt the -qIobb of 1912 and were
repented early in January, 1913.
■It is an unfortunate fact that we
do not always appreciate the value and
ability of many of our citizens whilst
living, but after death we are often
forcibly rein-lmled of the sterling qualities of those who have passed away
during the past few years.
On December^ Oth, 1910, Uie terrible
catastrophe took place at Bellevue,
and the writer well remembers Inspector Evans conning down on the !? p.m.
train from Coal Creek, on his journey
to the bereaved camp. Neither can
we forget the fate of the late Fred Al-
derson, who lost his life at Bellevue in
attempting to save others.
On June 19th, of last year, we were
again shocked on hearing of the Hillcrest disaster; while the narrow escape of many of our friends—who had
volunteered their services lu rescue
work—Is m>t forgotten. The efforts
of the brave meh who, hoping against
hope, readily volunteered their services dn their efforts to rescue; and had
it not been for their almost superhuman energy and determination the
heavy -death roll would have been augmented.
This forcibly reminds us of the fact
that the man who so courag%>usLy
risks his life In order to render the
necessary assistance after ,an exp'o-
sion, is not protected in any manner
Whatsoever. He receives no stipulated wage, neither is he covered by the
Compensation Acts of the provinces.
Going back over the history of explosions in Eastern British Columbia,
we -cannot help Imt regret their terrible frequency. We had the No. 4,
-Michel, disaster; No. 2, Coal Creek;
the (Morrissey .blow-outs'; No. 6, Coal
Creek; the various bumps at No. ,2,
Coal Creek, and the awful bump of
July 31st, 1908. ' .'",'"
It is an open question whether the
last mentioned accident was -not the
cause of saving many lives the following day, inasmuch as .most Fornle men
tvere home and- naturally able to asfilst
their wives an-d children, in th© never
to be forgotten fire of August 1st, 1908.
We cannot help -thinking of what
might have happened at.B. North mine,
Coal Creek, had January 2nd been a
regular working day.    .
fThe mine employs approximately. S.OO
men, who are working on three different shirts, hence in all probability
had there beeu work upwards ot a
hundred would have been proceeding
along the main entry, Inasmuch as the
accident occurred shortly atter 7 a.m.
We naturally expect a rigid inquiry
will be made. Jt is stated positively
that -(here was no one In the iri-ine
when the accident occurred, hence shot
firing ami a miner's carelessness with
his k-m.p—which are often given as
causes by those ready to exonerate
coal comiMinleB—may be set aside'In
this case.
Personally I have no wish to criticize anyone at this time. It.would be
well in future, when Inquiries aro to
be held, if miners, and more especially
the-men's official representative* In
their organization should have the privilege of attending inquiries as a representative of the deceased, and
*hould be invited to attend and officially advised of the time and place where
any inquiry, may be held. Jt the Mines
Department of this Province are anxious to Inquire Into the cause ot all
fatal accidents—and we must presume
they are—too much note cannot be taken of the foregoing remarks re inquiries.
I feel sure no officer of our organization, nor any miner attending sucIk
Inquiry, would have any intention of
demanding unnecessary privileges.
During the Inquiry which will be held
*   {Continued on Paice Bight)
-if'n<n«l«i<N*<l fram V*n* On*)
Owing to preaent conditions Mr. W,
Johnston, proprietor of the Orpheum,
Informs ua thtt Its haa cloeed the Or*
pheum temporarily, but wtll reopen the
hoti«« n* noon as thero Is any indication of (milium picking up. Mr.
Johnston token IMt opportunity of
thanking tho people of Fornle end €oal
Creek for the wneiwn patronage glv-
To the Electors of the City of Fernie
I have been requested by a number of the citizens
to stand for the forthcoming City Election as alderman, and have decided to offer my services to the
City. If elected will do all in my power to serve
the best interests of the ratepayers at all times.
I have lived in this city for years and claim to
know your requirements, and sincerely ask for your
vote and confidence.
I am, yours truly,
To the Electors of the Oity of Fernie
Having decided to offer myself ai a candidate at
the forthcoming election, I will, if elected, endeavor
to lerve the ratepayers without favor or prejudice to
the best of my ability.
Yours faithfully,
Great~Northern Railway
South hound Passenger train leaves F-miic at 9.30
Miikes direct cininection at Hex-ford with Oriental Lfthit-"~
ml. with through service to Chicago and the East,     <J0
hours Kernie to Chit'ag;>„   Tickets to nil points on salo
at Fernie Depot.
We solicit the Imsiness «f anyone contemplating a trip
to Europe.    We have the latest sailings.
Koute your freight via Great Northern Railway; the
fast freight line from (.-hicniro and St. Paul. Through
merchandise ears from Clncngo, via Burlington and Qt.
Northern. Ship your express
vk the Great Northern Express Company's lines.
Shipping by Express insures
against loss or damage.
Por further information apply to
J. E.COLE, Agent
Bex 438, FERNIE B.C. Phon. 181
| nml ihey were litld to rest In the Mn*'
i ouki plot bealtk* tin- remain* of Thoa.
;<'orklll, who lout hi* We in the lllll-
, •'rin- fiintr:)! »r tlw Into Kvan Kvaimjcroxt Dlmtater, and wno wnt n close
!«<im li*»l<l ott Tti«»*lay afternoon from• frl-pml of dc-mur-d. The (tall bearera
'tlw r-MMw*  of   Mra.   M.   Mltohftll.! were-. Colonel J. Mikity, fl. P. Htalker,
wliw iU»<-r!i>»i*fl rutt-M. and wn* i»w  V K. Muddaby, Wm. Unli*)', W. J. J.
of the law*l rxtr h**U In thl* ciiv.  MorHaou ami  II.  R.  Ikirnew.   Nev«r
Iaw,\> hilar*' ib* bmr net Utr iu nr*i*  In tin* hl-Mwy of tli* Oty  of Veml*
vnl throng* ipit*M«r<x| nt-mni th* utrrtfajliM* there Imwii narli n Urge raprv*
{•uii»'>i!' t< I't-dmiith ;ii ■• (, 1 M-ntflHvi* -Mnmiilc ini!h»»riiiK. tliu broth.- rones* Ml »hf n»»l<k<i»e*> »n<1 nto-i th*»rw bavin* |oiiriw»«l here for (h«jwt him* nntl mwrotn   tlitt   boitntM
ifttuwl to Ue ( harvh uf KukUu-4.    tt j ui^ivloii frutii «**r>   part   of    Kail j *rowlltl<m» iJMHiM eompfl bim to flow
• a* tt«*in»<ii to tbli KVrniM'oal   t>« ek | K-.xn.-ria>     Flat* throughout tho City I for *vtn « abort tint.
Km fittior IWntl i.Uyln« th* atralni of j <*«-**«• »m»»»<«I iwlf-iimiit  lu honor of)   Th» Orphtwim may   be   ...    -   * - ,  . .
i)«» it,*,! Mwroh In Haul, followisl by -d-M-faacd. and bttalnmu wat ptotWb j «oHal  iionm****. enumaJMtwnta aiidj4abliah a »>*t««n of -^w*9*m ™rJ™
lh»- im-mtwr.* »»t -HUd-at-min l*o«-aJ. I'.. ally ^-uupwndwl while th-a funeral waa I daaic**, onA thar* l« it ttint cto»» »*■
M    ***    it   *       IXfi* 1»i.»-f   p-n-n-pnc.-n-n-Hi'ii*! fcnM
To the Electors of the Oity of Fernie    .
Ladioi and Qentleraen-I considor it a greet pleasure to come before you for re-election ti a csndi
date for Aldermtnic Honori. Traiting mjr pat re
cord meets with your spprovsl, I leipeotfnlly solicit
your vote snd Influence.
Yonri truly,
K bill la being Introduced In tite
rented fori Align? toglatstare. 1n Jentwry^ to •*»•
Aem of iwnaloni for ihtt
, .,«„, «„.. ..„., .. -  -   u#«e«eHmw widowed mothers of New
• ^H^tra tn wmnwtton t* fnitilah muale,} York State.    Tihe meoorm It U> trmb
iKtit^mtumnx nf tt,,. v ,v   W. of'    ¥,vne V.nm* waa « wwn of ntetXinn' hvollmttmn for ranting tlie lull ahould -j wtwer a noma »ww v.««»».
w   i,  fhlllli»«. l«r*Hlrt»'ni of «Ma-(wor)|i and flxpd lnt«»«Hty,   and   tilt be ««d* to Jdr. W. Joftnaum, i'. U,( tx *******  H**n>i**
trlft n. an-l ttkhard Jotte*. mereiAty
*-i( Mn-oi-i idtrnl, »n«l an inttmal« p^r-
«*»*«*-»*  *r'«f>d «f th- A(-f*nn*A, ***.f*
ant function* of government"
la preparing the report tb* oom-
mUrttvn atndled M» fawlIlM of widow*
ed mothtre of whom titey «Mdw eJtact
and aynmntliatle raitorta. Tbe Intra*
ttfatton tbow* that many wHtowa
nmke berote afforta In att-mmptlnt to
loob after tbelr home nnd rhl!dr*t.
r   ,1 *       'ft,...*.   i^*(\f   *t'**r*   *rt'w*«
Special: Stationery Goods
and School Supplies
Come and Bee Our Window
■-■- ',.'■•■
Extra special on Boots, Shoes
and Rubbers
We Sell Wholesale and Retail
We guarantee all onr good will give satisfaction to Customers.
nioro In t ima to nn-n lt»«ame with him!l»o« lit, Kvrnle,
t.tii* mure hi» <tualttll>ti* were apre-cialed., • —-—--—	
Of a q.ilH and n-tlrlng diapovltloii., IN MtMORIAM
n-nr*.   rl-ri-rt  it,   *XtttAr   tbttl   ttt  Hrtt'T' —~™
th* Maaonlr l>Me*. «f»«!ila41ng of Mae-j rttv-ttrMont. be vn* ronttantly pndea*
t«»f M.tatnm. «brln*ra,   and   KnlgMt
i-.i-i-aU-Ui-'il   11irf"it'V\' pMlffl to ?o 0111 find'wim « tm«»inW»i
Uw Htate. ai* to Ue tba »*an« of <«a-j pittance.    In Iplte of all that tbar «*•'
! do atallatlm ahow, aa may ba esfMCted. I
\* ■?.*■,,
trbwtlng tb* tOM
The Mil la tm the aaraa line* aa that that many dtllnqaant glrla and boys
r«-J«»rteil by the I^glalntttra laat Mawh. j eome front the** poor wWowed tioewa.
In loTini wenw»ry of «tr dear eon,j Mr. ix******* .%*mnm**. ■.*»»>**>*■/; ^.^...^u*^ , *.*.. itnimm mm
^rtng to ln,r«,»* fcla ««rc nf know- Hetid Paton,   wbn   waa «ertd«tally ti* Htate CowmlaalW on tbe IMM 0WH«tTOWM U6At WNIOM S08»
textte, and It mny be Incldantally ra- Wiled at 9m\n, B.C., «h January, j of WIdowad .Mothera, la of Ute opinion
tuarkcNl that eten m a miner wort. ISIS.    Ait* 85 Tears. j »h«* «• meaeure la aura to earry till*
Ing at tha faw* h« mad«- a flged and Two ymn liate paaaed, oor bearta atlll \ ymt. ' _^^.„-il^i nHm«,M.«i.i-.ta«
flm domination to attain to tb. non. |   la tw«rty«i# Htate. ^J^SST "^^SW""*^
t ****** Mum.,h% ui* t'Mf r*AT    An lm*hKmitli-wn nbirb be rt«cViad, A* tltnt a««* ^ *« tato Mtu nwr-»',    , wltotm' pertnlonebnr* bom fr*f**i'
(t-rM«it» tatrfai **r*\r* waa Im»M at j and m wW-fb rapartty bt waa ao man* III* memory ta aa daar today land tbiw me impwiaaea of taeimmn
Inamcd by bbt father and mother.     »— -—■»■-*- ' «• °-0( w>
Ti>mi»l.(r In tli**lr rich black untforma
with r*ori|# n*\t'rm&. Tli* )iAMnu>,
lnwrfng ib* ai»k#t,»tnothtrwltn tbiml
tribe:.**, mn* n*\t, th** mourner* mt*
fieofffetown* Alta., Jan. 4, Illl
imar Mrr-Pleaae pnbllab  to  yonr
exp^lad f rm tMs Loeal
(ffiened)  MAX ill Trait.
th* KotXttti t honrti, at wtokcfe R*».
Hi*w*l!lag. ot Cranbrook, and Ker.
HtAtMtHti. af %b* eity, eftlrlat-ad, after
v-'titH the r-niMttoa met* temtnytA to
»u iMar«at*t"» Cemetery wbarc tbe
imi tttt* wer* admialM-nrwd hy tk*
Mf*****-!* «*<•((•■ Xammi xkeaatHm lt***\%*i,
<ii.i>- ittiina hi* >loiif« when h» mat A* at tStxe hour fa* \*tt.**t*\ ****^>. ,
Madeatk. \   Inarrtcd by bte father and mother.   |i*aii.reeogatae*,
liK*a«H wa* a aaUt* of Wales, --—■—~—- " .   Tba «mmlaali»«i."ltt Ita report imi
a!w«t forty yeara of age, and ttantar     Bora-Dee. St. to Mr and Mw. R. %\¥mot, wwonee^Mlr ran** tile a anfi
nad.    None of Ms relatives ara tlr. Fliimps, a UeeoHfttt baby Hoy.   HoH*[tnm ««»««•    » *• *»•» *• m*t«f**^ x* <!! !* ?' * "* w* .rT
rlad.    None of bla rtlattres srs tlr. PblRlpa,atmmmbtbf Hoy.   mm-\mmotmitm.   nmj*«"T^|XZr»
tat to ty* ewmtry.  fk* nnlotVn. ar tal cttii pragrseMag aaloMldly Ntde ibat "IM.iwwl dwatoyseent^piaa*^
a aUUi. ttmUm to ba«l**k *u«kto«Utod   "a*a Uw. iUiUlua!"   \Q( ,:M1i'bot^ It ime^tb* moot tmtmtvumnom
toatsllattoo of tmtmn ot Mowat
r. Jan. tStk.  Pall at-
and paoealM security aa wait.
WWi a mtm to onr tM Hte
company, yoo eta ao ott on yoar
vacation or visit tlie ends of tb*
v#**i..-tutm *■*■*> *#***.. a****'*-*, am-,.
rare.  The beet la
pmi inaua<tNci
to alwaya eheapa*. nad eapeel-
ally ao wbett H doeaa't cost
blgaar. Uoat druty abiNK Uat
rennwai - * •xbum thet eaten ts-
enran-ew ytm mm hat -eoma rtgM
ta at otxt-n aad bav-u it, auced-ad
• Ao mkMkb9 A v% JBeK
tt       taaiiiK, a. c THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JANUARY 9,1915
of The  District Camps
The mines were idle from 3 p.m.
Thursday until 7 a.m. Monday. Notices -wer© .posted that the mine would
resume work day shift only.
The children of the Presbyterian
Sunday schcrol gathered together at
the church, on Thursday evening last
on the occasion of the Annual Ohrist-
In Memorium
In    affectionate   remembrance   ot
Tom, the beloved son pf Walter a(nd
Mary Joyce, who passed away January
7th, 1914, aged 10 years.
A year has passed, our heart's still
",        sore, .
A's time goes on we miss him more;
His lovlD'g smile, his gentle face,
No one on earth can fill his place.
Ever  remembered   by" his  parents,
'I brothers and sisters.
v       \
anas tree. A sumptuous repast was
prepared for thsm by -the ladies ot
the church, to which the youngsters
did full justice. .After, the eats'a
splendid programme of Instrumental
and v-^cal selections was presided over
by AValter Joyce, superintendent of
the sch-ool. fPhe following taking part:
.Mr. It. Johnstone, Miss Jess-le .Mawson,
.Miss Martin and * Miss Oakley, 'Messrs.
J. and- S. Fowler, T. Jolies and J. Mawson. -The Coal Creek Junior Minstrels gave a series of ohonuses, atter
which Santa Claus entered and distributed presents to the expectant crowd.
The National Anthem brought the proceedings to a close.
Charlie Graham, -superintendent of
Oorbin tiiine, was the guest of Mr. and
Mrs. B. Caufield Sunday.
Chief Inspector Graham was iu camp
Tuesday in connection with the recent
A.large number of -Creekites journeyed to fernie to attend the funeral
of the late Evan Evans. The mines
were idle a-iid the company .supplied a
special train. ,
Olr. and Mrs-. Holman and family, of
Michel, were visitors to their daughter
IMrs. Worthington, during the holidays.
The social dance held in the Club
Hall on tlie evening of Jan. lst was'
well attended. The music was supplied by Percy's Orchestra.
The management of .the mines desire to thank the residents for the assistance rendered by the supply of
stimulants, etc, and nil who assisted
in any way.
Jack Myers, jr., arrived back iu
camp after a short sojourn in -the Brazeau district.
•Will all ".Moose" note that although
there is no meeting -on Monday next
the secretary will be tn attendance
to receive dues from 7 to 8 .p.m.
Apropos of the recent disturbances
son using sedition^ language In the
streets, and giving the namo of Thos.
Wilson, and rumor gaining currency
.that said Thos Wilson waa boarding
at Foster's, Klvcrsldo Avenue -we are
asked to state thut thc Thos. Wilson,
residing ai above address, has no connection with the disturbance in que*
tion, nnd furthermore that he ia, and
alwaya will be, a loyal subject, being j
still on. the reserve list of His Majesty's forces havhiK served a number
cf yeaf-a in the army.
Jim Dixon  arrived  back  in  camp
from Drumiiheller.
strong committee to act as a Soale
and -Constitution Committee.
•The above -committee is hereby re.'
quested to remember the time: Sunday, 2.30; and the -place, the Secretary's office, for their next meeting.
The ball given on Xew Year's night
under the uuspices of the Bachelors'
wns a decided success. Some outsiders attempted to introduce distasteful innovations, but were promptly
■Mrs. E. Taylor,, from the Brazeau, ia
visiting friends in camp..
We are informed that there will
shortly be a transfer of. proprietorship of our local movies.
To accommodate those who, wished
to enjoy the festivities away from the
camp, General Manager Brown enabled
them to do so by getting their pay
cheques cashed on Thursday.
George Forbes now has the rink
in excellent shape and whilst glad to
see the old faces is ever ready to welcome new ones.
The proprietor of the Southern
Hotel .has succeeded .in securing a
liquor license which became effective
January lst, when copious- draughts
of John Barleycorn were dispensed
free of charge.
A Bible class will shortly be opened
in the Methodist Church. A hearty
invitation is extended to all.
Every credit is due the washhouse
men for the excellent manner they
have cleaned the cubicles under their
charge.     Are we quits now, George?
Future prospects for this camp are
not. rosy. Having lost thc Spokane
order, working days will be brought
down to three a week.
With the majority of the men of
Xo. 1 indefinitely on the enforced idle
list, we shall hall the day with gladness when "Business as Usual" he-
comes the slogan of the West.
T. Loughran Replies
to Dave Rees
New Year'a Day Concert at Methodist
. Church, Coal Craek
The Uullea' Aid of the above church
nre to be complimented on the splendid iig^re'tFation of talent wblch graced
the hoards at the Methodist Church
on the evening of Jan. lat. Our Rental sttperlnt-ftident occupied the chair,
m*d, with anecdote mid reminiscences
enlivened the pro-codings. iTho program; cohalatinR of songs, aketclioa
and1 thaft-unental elections, waa of
the iliua! standard tbat Coal -Creek
artl*te*Jrfcre. capable of .placing before
the; «pe#|e* * Hilly RueHey received
an onoore for tils ability In demon*
titrating the varloua ways of showing
love for She gentler mx. Ills encore,
"hln Had Hold of My Hand," waa
well rece!,'<*r,   Roiir* veto alio ren-.J tu-able lo Uoal l©.*8.
The regular meeting was convened,
President in the chair.
Correspondence received from International re Ohio situation and requesting financial support. To our regret
this is Impossible because of our precarious position so plainly shown by
the report of the Relief Committee
stating tbat after next issuance of
relief, which we expect will be this
week, funds are depleted and only recourse will be an appeal to the government for assistance.
Copies of the Mtneworker's Journal
were received, and as this is a most
excellent publication published in
iiTT^^^fliTfW*gW~r6TT:he_mo"dest sum
of $1.00 a year, should command a
ready sale. , John Brooks has been
appointed to accept subscriptions.
Pit Committee reported upon several matters of minor importance
they had discussed with the super,
the principal being relative to the reinstatement of one of our members
laid off on a charge of Insubordination.
The Relief-Committee called the attention of Uie Local to a few cases
they had not been able to act upon
owing to Instructions received at previous meeting. .These were thereupon dealt with In accordance with the
majority's conception of the. merits of
each case.
Under the head of. unfinished ■ busk
ness circular from l-ior-al 1038, tabled
:u previous meeting, was brought dp
for consideration. ■ Tlio trouble seems
to lie the refusal of their doctor to contribute his quota towards paying of
expenses Incurred lit sending n patient
to ri'specialist whon lie Is unable to
treat tbem himself. From our view-1
point th!* seem* fin arbitrary poult ton
for a physician to assume, however,
after due eonshlerstlon our member*
readied the conclusion that the time
ts now ripe for our District to make
agreements with the Doctors' Asaocla-
tion miff not with Individual practitioner! It Is Intended to bring thia subject forward for deliberation at the
forthcomliiK convention. In the meantime it committee ha* been appointed
»o render whatever assistance is prac
The mine here is working about half
time at present. A few men are leav-
lug, but none are being hired. Work
started on January 4th. ■ The Company
did not pay their employes until Monday, some delay nt the bank being the
Manning & Co., from Diamond City,
are engaged on the brickwork in the
boiler house, where two new boilers
are being installed.
Sam Jones, acting in the capacity of
Mine Inspector, was on duty in Coalhurst, January 4th.    ^
The I. O. O. F. held their annual
ball In the school house on New Year's
The Local Secretary was a visitor to
Fernie, acting in the capacity of District Teller, returning on Saturday.
Robert Conners was acting as checkweighman In the absence of the regu.
lar weighman.
The committee who had charge of
the miners' concert held on Dec. 21st,
held a meeting on Sunday afternoon
and report, after paying: all expenses,
To the Editor, Distritc Ledger—
Dear Sir,—iWhen I received the Ledger, on -Saturday I was somewhat surprised to find that my remarks in tbe
previous week's Ledger re the elevation of Alderman Walls of Workington, England, to be mayor of that town,
were responsible for drawing a reply
from such an able critic as Brother
Dave Rees, and as I have but a very
short time to write land mail this answer, I will dispense with preliminaries
and get down to business by admitting
that with a slight variation Dave was
correct when lie  wrote, "If 1 understand the writer, however, he wishes
to advance the Idea that the old country method of electing a man for life
Is better than the system of annual elections, such as we have in District
18."   I will take it for granted that my
critic is aware that no trade union official in Great -Britain, or any country
that I know of, is elected for life, and
that the custom is, so long as a District Official continues to give general
satisfaction and retains the confidence
of the members who employ him, he
hns not to fight for his official life annually.     In fact, there is no limit to
his term of office, and just as it Is customary here for a man when employed
at any occupation In or about a coal
mine, to retain his job so long as he
gives satisfaction, to his employer, so
it is with a trade union official in all
the old countries.     At the same time
every official is  subject to a recall,
and would have to tender his resignation, if called upon to do so by.any
Local In -his District.     Of course the
charge or charges wliich would accompany the resolution calling upon him
to resign, together with the official's
explanation, would  be considered  by
the executive committee, and a referendum vote taken of all the locals in his
district immediately.     Then if it vtre
shown that a majority of the members
were In favor of acecpting the official's
resignation, he would be asked to resign, or "scrapped."     1 think Brother
Rees will also agree that the number
of trade union officials who are able
_to_give general satisfaction jQr_a_niim
officers become vacant any candidate
who -has been three years a member of
the association and has the requisite
number of nominations   may,   if   he
chooses, address all the locals in that
District, and have his expenses paid
from the general fund.   This enables
ths members to select the most suit
able applicant and they will, as a rule,
vote for a man on his merits.   Therefore the successful candidate is -more
likely to give satisfaction to all than
If he was simply the choice of some
big local.     Let me ask Brother Rees
what  opportunity  have the members
for selecting and electing the best of
the candidates whose names appear on
the ballot-papers for the various officers annually.      At   the  last  election
evory official position was contested,
but it was big odds on all Ihe old offi-
■mis being returned for this reason.
During the past year the old officials
have had an occasion to visit all the
important locals in the District and to
make themselves known to the members of their own locals.   But as no
person likes to buy a pig in a poke, nor
to vote for a candidate they have never
seen,, it is simply -a farce to .put the
District to unnecessary expense when
both candidates have not the same opportunity of addressing the locals.   In
fact to nominate a new candidate a-
gainst an old one. under the present
system, would be like staging a scrap
between a professional pugilist and a
novice, with the latter's hand tied. Besides, elections fought under these conditions accomplish nothing, seeing that
the recall could be put in force the
week after the election just as easy as
the week before it.     "Why should not
the officer who feels he has earned
his salary look forward with pleasure
to election day?" says Brother Dave,
and  by  way of reply  let us take a
squint at a few of the methods the
officers adopted previous to last election day.     On Xov. 28th we were told
in the Ledger all about what "the officers were doing."   International Board
MPmber Rees has been attending the
Rnaril    Atpp.ting ctf.. \Uc&<PrSS!<!S!!t
duly turned over to the proper .party.
1'eter Melling hns ordered his clogs
to be placed on file xo be preserved
for future reference.
We are pleased, to see Charlid
Phillips nround again. Doctor says it
will be some time before he Is ready
for work.
A hurd luck story was listened to in
the Union Hall a few meetings ago.
and a committee told off to Investigate.
They found the-party supposed to oe
in hard dlrcumstances had just recently sold a farm In Saskatchewan; had
a half share In a hotel In the States,
besides plenty of money on hand to
take him to his friends if he cared to
go. We believe the Local Union would;
do well to alwaya investigate thoroughly before dipping down In the treasury
to help hard luck story tellers,'as they
Imve been dolus; In Ihe past, ahd tfave
the fund for the purpose It Is collected
for by the organisation,--*
ber of years are few and far between.
Bul while the system referred to makes it an easy matter to remove an in
competent servant, it at the same time
selves greater security to the man who
is naturally adapted for the position
he was elected to fulfil, and whose experience, tact and other . accomplishments show that he Is the right man In
the right place. Besides, all officers
except the district president and district secretary, are elected or reelected annually, and when either of these
forget that whatever- our occupations
may be, we are but human beings.
Therefore, if an official thinks that by
playing to the gallery he is making his
re-election a certainty, don't blame
him; blame the system, and try to improve it.
Brother liave appears anxiouc that
the members should do the thinking,
and I also say "Let them do it," but
they must be encouraged and assisted
to -think intelligently and collectively.
But I think all Local officials .vill admit that tlieir greatest trouble is so get
members to take an interest in Local
matters, except whej their pay cheques are threatened, while the llul-j in-
ten-si they -uke in electing their servants   is  another  indication   of  bow
niiicii thinking they do.      From what
I hear it is only the fear of being fineil
$1.00 that makes some of them vot<*> a:
all, and then they are quite indifferent
ti« to who they voto for.     In fact tl e
mar who does a little .thinking is considered a busy body, or a cran'*; with
a bee in his bonnet.     But although li
is  much  easier to  follow  old  established  customs,  and  allow  things  n
<!rift with  the  tide, on  the pivtenfe
Hint i;  would be un progressive for i
servant  who is  paid  for thiiik-ng  lo
give ar. occasional lead, would u not be
miii i. iu.tter for a dog tr, wn-j; his tail
tinn to allow the tail to wn? the do.n?
Our .iK'iiiories are short. I'll admit, but
we have uot -forgotten that it was our
brother miners across the  line
lielped to defeat us four years ago,
because our servants did not see the
wisdom of having all contracts on both
sides of the line so arranged that they
would all -terminate at the same time.
Twenty years ago the miners' servants
in Great Britain did some thinking and
formed a federation which controlled
all the miners unions in England, Scotland and Wales.   All contracts entered
into by this federation end at the same
time, therefore it is not possible for
the miners of one district to -have a
good time at the expense of their brothers in another distriot who are on
strike for a living wage. I need scarcely say that the British Miners' Federation is the -most powerful labor organization in the world and that within the
last three years al) the railway men's
unions, the sailors and firemen, and
other important  unions, joined  that
federation, and that it was an open
secret that -the federation was about
to call out all its members in the early
part of the present year. This, in the
opinion of men who are not frightened
w speak the truth lest they would be
dubbed unpatriotic, had much to do
with hastening the present butchery,
which is making Europe a hell, for had
that strike commenced it would decide
for all time whether a decaying aristocracy or the will of the people should
rule, while there was nothing short ot
a European war t|iat could save the
present rule of Capitalism in Europe.
Let nie advise Brother Dave not to
leave all the thinking to the poor miners; most of them have sufficient troubles of their own to think about and
to advise his colleagues at -the next
International Board meeting to make
Kiire that -all contracts on both sides
of the line end at the same time. Tell
them where they send a delegate to
a conference to fight hard for federation; tell them also that the silly game
of bringing men out in section's is played out, and that it is better to bear the
ills they have a little longer until a
federation is ('owned than to get spanked, one state after another. If they
will do this then there, will be "Something doing," and let it be soon.
Wishing Brother Dave and other
thinkers a happy and prosperous New
Yours sincerely,
John Kenda was committed for trial
on Tuesday afternoon on the charge of
doing grevious bodily harm, he having
Blabbed two of his fellow-countrymen,
Lazar ltlschuk and Mike Kenda at that
place about ten days ago. The former victim received two thrusts in the
abdomen, the latter being stabbed four
times, three In the back and one in the
abdomen. Considering tbe ferocity of
the attack it is remarkable tbat these
two men were sufficiently convalescent to attend the preliminary investigation.
The management of the Crow's -Nest
Pass Coal Company have signified
their intention of making the bl-montli-
ly pay day permanent from now on.
f'm'ff  [•'   V-"flume*  IV-
nnd Held, and were duly encored. R.
Hillsborough rendered th* descriptive
Hoim entitled "The Collier," by request, Meters. O'Brien, McCourt,
and Davidson also contributed vocal
selections, while Messrs. Mebeod snd
MoCourt were responsible for several
Instrumental selection*. Chas, Percy
am* .Mrs. Morrlnon ware the accom-
pnnlfcU. After the concert tha ladiea
brought around fike and sand-niche*,
which wnr*. partaken of by all and
greatly appreciated, The singing of
the National Anthem ironght a wry
enjoyable evening to a close.
(out freak MetHodlst Charm -,>-";■
day ac boo! and Bible claaa, 3.30 p.m.
Oo*|iel service, 7..10, Wednesday, 7.30
Naval »i|N»rtencea. Friday, 7 p.m.
choir praiftiirt.
The lullowiua in it miiiimtiry of report of committee which accompanied
President Phillips to HUlrmore to lit
tnrvjew General Manager re powder
•in eat Ion.
General .Manager atated that he
conld not see the necessity of taking
away restriction until the expiration
or present agreement, although he add
ed he would not place any obstacles In
our way, "although It would ba against
hi* conscience" (whatever that mny
mean) provided we conld prevail Upon
fhe Department of Mines io lift the
restriction We now anvfonsty awali
receipt from 'President Phillip* of new*
regarding what answer* he receives
from Pres. J. IVWhite and the Minuter
of iJtbor.
The meeting waa brought to a close
after oeleetton had bean made ot a
Christmas -holidays nre over and the
mines are working steady, but a lot
of men are still out of work, judging
by the large number seen around the
mines every dsy.
President Phillips nnd Board Member Rees were In town the Inst weekend, taking up local grievances,
We nre pleased to note thnt Mr and
Ml,-*, ffcard'* }uii>iu*'*i I'itlM ia recovering rapidly from pneumonia.
We retfrot that owing to presaura
on our apace we are compelled to hold
over the roport and Hat of contributors to the Christmas entertainment
given to the kiddles. This will up.
pear next weak.
Quite a number or persons attended
the funeral of the late Mr. Rvan Kvnns
nt Kernie, on Tueaday. Mr. Hvana was
well known and respected by all la
this town, having lived here from Pt
Stokes Orchestra was in attendance
■tend gave entire satisfaction as usual,
• The sum of S2S1.70 has been already
collected by the Relief Society, not including ftuwla raised by the lust dance,
and of that sum $I87.K". has been expanded In relieving the distress. Some
twenty-five families Imve been given
The regular meeting of Local, Jlflfl'J
was held In the Opera House on Sundny, July 3rd. President R. Morgan,
„. The International Conl Co. has succeeded in securing several new con-
tracts, snd tis a result No. 1 fleam hns
been opened up again, and 22 men
started digging on Monday, while forty
coke ovens have been Hghle-.I up. A
few more men have been started In
the slope, While there are still n
large number Idle the outlook seems
brltrltter for the near future.
It te a far cry from Coleman to Went
Hartlepool, Kngland, but how near
they ran he brought to each other has
lust been demonstrated by the recent
t;< riimn raid on the laat named place,
new* of which hn* Just reached Mrs.
Thos. Muir to the effect that her mo-
ther, M yeara of age, a niece, twelve
and a half years, and a nephew of five
years, have been killed, while a niece
fourteen years of age haa been seriously Injured by the bombardment.
The heartfelt sympathy of every rlsht-
•(linking person I*, are- ttr* sure, et-
Irnded to Mr. and Mrs, Muir snd fami
until lfKM.   We feel that wa have Iom ;i> in the sad calamity which bm b*
one "of our genuine old friend*
'alien th-»»
The memh*r« nf Ihe Knight* <»f P>-
jihis* have forwarded a letter of aym-
' j iwthy and eandolence to Mr. and Mrs
''- Mnlr.
Mrs, S. Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
mmtW ^^B^^wsSa S #sswn s^^^^^^^s ^^^9-^^^m wr^^w^m w^^^^^ o ^-m^^m -^m^^*^^m
Mt.iai9p*iitfs ttOOjsrftay
» fjaey everything tatwMrt ott smoothly.
»     Thi, tln^'li it-**** «»..*»*.-   '-*  i*      *"
»|Urv«nHi|   mi   TwxM-dnv   wim-dnir   tl** '
I mil. of Mrs. fleorge -Derbyshire. "Tt*'*
erase;!, who leaves two small children *
besides her hwaiisnrt. had been ailing j
for the paat month, bm was consider- \
Ht !f> ♦»»• r**m*ili*w     t'-pfi-frt-n.    *,!■*• i
denth came ah a shock to her family,'
The Me Mrs. Herbyehlre ass bom bi
l<ytde»Uy. Iwmc». Hngland.    The Ion-
• ra! took ttlnto on Thur<«laj afternoon.
4.rvk* being hetd   In   «*'     Albans*
Church, much sympathy Is felt far
iW -net-eated family.
The dam* bald omtet the awSiikea
{•ei tne ('airman Ketief Mocleiy In «a«
Opera lloaae on Xew Teafa Wra »ae
',   a jtrent wseeeaa, Wl«gn la fa*ff, •*«*»•
feriibly erowdatf, bul under the capable management of Floor Maatar IHa-
., s ■saalfcr (Ms im
WWnCWf PWf wWWi m*1\ wnm
flpffllt MM f P0 tJWtfWt' |Vt0 WCttNf
■H^^g   *r m*m*e**m*l o
■wttm m ummtom ttototm otnawmt
»«4'*v Ivy {*i« ct uhxV- went- ix i«-mU
tha nerve centre* lytiWrllwrtlng-tw
fr-v end fytu-rr »fT rn-t r t'i* ♦wwtj*-.
iVrt-i't rntnrt to aSwtw/.k rjtjrtHsrei
or tmttnfi ooocottiem.
e*t soorrt cstwjuov t*,
9am mar*aa-m*i Jam Ormtta te
mmm*-* w-HEAlf?* **■*•» *»•
- mat**:*** SCGfTS.
bomntoomwntnno'ir, «*„
Graham left for the Brazeau Country.
Secretary/Treasurer Carter represented the District at a funeral. -President
Phillips left for Coleman, etc. -By this
and similar means the servants were
kept in the limelight, until the votes
were recorded, then tliey bowed to the
audience and made their exit.
On November 14th we read ln tho
Ledger "District Executive Board
Meets—Discuss Unemployed Question," And under that heading we
were Informed that the "brain's,"-or as
Brother Dave prefers to call them, the
"servants of the District," were in session for three days formulating a
scheme re the unemployed. .Vow.
most of uh have read In Kosops Fables
about n mountain that w&H In labor
and brought forth a mouse, and we
have also read that "the wise men of
Gotham" debated every scheme
twice, once sober and once drunMnd
If they arrived nt the same conclusions
on both occasions the scheme would
be adopted. He that as II mny, we
have heard that the scheme*was peddled around the Locals and was considered good- dope for electioneering
purposes, but whether that was tho
sole object of thone who gave It birth
or not we have no- heard,
Of course, hy making tlio«e remark*
I um inking a chance of bringing n
hornet* ne*t about my ears, but I csn
assure Hrother Rees nnd his colleagues
that my only object lur making them
Is to show how much wasted eneriry
could Ue saved hy altering the present!
system, nnd bow tlw money which
spent in stumping tho Looals would
have served a better purpose had It
gone towards helping to relieve some
of the dlstres* which iinforttin»tely
prevails in District IR.
Ves, you ware quite right, Dave,
when you wrote, "Brother John atood
for Sulidllstrlcl Hoard Member In the
recent eleetlon. bul I feel iioaUive he
has no reference to the membership of
hi* xiib-dUtrlct." At the time of writ-
Iiik 1 had uo Idea what the iv.-'tli of
the election was, and for lhat nutter
tt was Immaterial, a* my object th»>it
and now wasaunply to try ami alter, or
Improve, a »»*ifin which in mi opinion Is had, seeing that It ia not only
«1nm*»y and etpenalve. hut that It tm*
u t-fu-l-t-u-. > to rob a man »l hU Hide-
'ii»»i!( nee, iuul In time I'wJikc lilm lo
the level of a pany politician.
uiu.n.1  i-*».«»«• n*t*.>> to wiMtturnOt* j
.   ,.,','..,.      . v,    I'.-.,.,'...,,     :,„!    tilK    .4*.    Ukt'-'K
I \*Hi,Sn'** iii9  nt*n*  »*>t«"d out. and lw j
!M«,ir»  w# »*»-»*  en*.*- «** 1h*«® t*elk*-*
ability, and I agree with all he *ald|
flhont tticH<» gentlemen, hu' hii* -*ii'-!
,*,*.,..+    *,,»■».#    -»«»»>»»«*   WM    * ************** !
-  tit., thst If these men failed to lite;
on to the principle* thej once jwa*e»*« *
ad. or Jf they did not ii*e sll ihe ability >
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■tt-mu Pageant
A Real Compensation Act
Proposed by Oklahoma State Federation of Labor—Would Set a Premium on Accident Prevention
A recent report issued by the American Association for Labor Legislation
states tiat twenty-four of t-he forty-
eight states have enacted workmen's
compensation laws and indications are
that a number of others will enact laws
of this character within the next few
The .movement for legislation to compensate workmen who are injured during tihe course of their employment, or
their dependants, has been under way
in OkUhoma for some time. The
Okia-homa State Federation of Labor,
at the 19-18 session of the legislature,
presented a bit! which followed In
many respects, the oue now in effect In
the state of Washington. The State
Manufacturers' Association also had
introduced a so-called compensation
bill and the result was that fibe'legis-
ture failed to pass any legislation of
this character. Indications are, however, that the coming legislature will
pass a compensation law.
Organized labor of Oklahoma views
the question of workmen's compensation from the standpoint tha-t each industry should bear the burden of its
accidents. While a woi'kman can
never be fully compensated for an injury received, or his dependents, if
deatih results, justice demands that the
Industry to which he gave his time
and service should at least bear a
part of the financial burden.'
Society is fast recognizing the fact
that the present common law system
of compensating for industrial accidents is cumbersome, wasteful and incompatible with modern industrial
conditions; that it originated at a time
when modern industry was unknown
and that some plan must be put Into
effect which will displace the present
system, which breeds Injustice, ls productive of slow and cumbersome court
procednre and substitutes therefor a
system whereby the injured employe
may recover at a time w-hen it is most
needed, immediately after the accident
occura, withiout going Into court and
as under the present system, dividing
the amount recovered with a lawyer.
W-hen public opinion awakens to a
situation of this kind legislation usual
_ly follows, and go It has been with this
into consideration we find that only
25 per cent, reaches the injured employe.
The liability companies and damage
suit lawyers are naturally loath to
give up this lucrative1 business, and
when legislation is proposed- that will
remedy these conditions, those who
propose such legislation must face the
combined opposition of these elements,
together with those whom they are
able to control through business connections or otherwise.
There are two forms of compensation laws upon tbe statute books of
the various states; one state insurance, compulory in form, that- is that
all parties affected must be bound by
t!:c I ems of the law, and simple com-
pensatiou, eective in firm, which m-
lows cither party to elect not to conx
un.1i.1.' tl.e torms of the Ip.w If th-Jy so
desire-, 'fie general terms af botl
forms tiv similar In many reviews
with the exception 0/ the basij pi.n-
triple -I'poii which the act rests. While
elective compensation may .be satisfactory in some reapectB, an,investigation of the operation of elective
laws in the several states having compensation laws of this form shows
tltm to be decidedly Ineffective as
compared with those of the compulsory form.
•The Oklahoma State .Federation of
Labor will submit to the coming session ot the legislature a compulsory
workmen's compensation act, the gist
of which is to abrogate tlie fellow-
servant doctrine, assumption of risk
and contributory negligence, thereby
doing entirely away with the common
llaw doctrine of negligence or fault;
■ one that compensates all whtf arein-
jjured, provides certain ano adequate
relief and speedy adjustment of all
claims and does entirely away -with
t-he court, or any jury system. Under
the operation of such a law each industry woujd be taxed a certain per
cent, of its pay roll,\ which "would aot
be higher tham the premiums now -paid
liability companies, which would go
into a general fund from which claims
for compensation would be paid. Under this plan the solvency of the employer is absolutely guaranteed, a3 the
injured employe is paid by the state,
which collects the assessment
Nearly every mem-ber of tha legislature lias expressed -himself in f'tvor
of a workmen's compensation aet and
a majority of them in favor of thc
one desired by labor. But the influences in opposition are at work, and
as the secretary of the -State -Association of Manufacturers stated in a recent -letter to some of the employers
af -the state, a copy of which le in the
hands of the officers of the Oklahoma
Federation of Labor, "It is considered
inevitable that there will be legislation on tills subject and that a compensation law will be enacted. The
only hope of tbe employer lies in making a strong- educational, campaign
among tlie legislators before they assemble." An appeal is also -made In
his letter for funds to conduct the
"educational campaign." -This element
has always opposed laws of this character, and since tbey see, as their secretary states, that its enactment is
inevitable, they hope to dictate the
provisions of the bill, hbplng -thereby
to secure one'that will be ineffective.
Organized labor in Oklahoma expects the enactment of a real compensation law and awaits with interest the action of the coming legislature of this legislation.
President Oklahoma State Federation
of -Labor.
Equality of Sexea. Haa. Improved the
Condition of All
Japan Joined War ot
Help Armament Ring
By Sen Katayama
proposition. But when laws of-this
character that are realjy effective are
enacted* the' liability fcompany* and
damage suit lawyers lose a lucrative
bvurtneaa. A liability company, it
should be understood, Insures an employer against liability for accidents
occurring in bis establishment. A
policy la given for a certain amount
on each employe for which the employer pays a set premium. If an accident occurs for which the employer
might be held liable, and the Injured
employe brings suit for damages, the
liability company, 'with its lawyers
trained in thia work, fights the case.
There are very few employers who do
not Insure in this manner, which lias
resulted ia a very luoratlve business
for tha liability companies, SU-tlsttcs
show that for every dollar collected
by ihe liability -companies In premiums, at laaat 45 cents goes a3 profits
and operating expenses. On<» would
naturally think, then, that fltty-flve
cents of every dollar expended by the
varloua Industries for liability insurance reaches the Injured employe or
bit dependent*, but we hav-a yet to
4*i\ with tha damage suit hwyer.
When aa Injured workman got* to
a lawyer to arrange to brlntr suit fof
damtgea tbs lawyer makes rt contract
with Us client. The usual contract
provides that tbe lawyer thill receive
at hit fee froni 25 to ."0 per cent of
Ute Judgment, and in practically all
ttnm SO per cent, tf an ap-p-Ml It tikes from tha lower court. Statistics
on the subject show that only 2ft por
rant, of thote injured ever recover
damage*, and when the profits and op
seating expanses of the liability com
.pasta* and attorneys' fees are takea
(Sen Katayama is now in this country on a lecture tour, and gives the
fallowing statement concerning the
attitude of Japan in this war.)
Japan has driven the Germans from
Kiaoohow an-d the populace is indulging IgLJ-L yr*oat»«ft1fthi-fltlnn nf tha vlt*.
the opposition parties, when combined,
have always had a majority.
There is no doubt that the people
will support the opposition in its' attitude. Some of the reasons offered by
leaders of the opposition for their attitude on armaments are sound so far
as present conditions are concerned.
Imlkals Gives Vlewa
tory of a Japanese army over a smali
German force.
The real cause, of the entrance ot
Japan Into the war was tbe hopo of
the present bureaucracy that suoh a
war might serve as an excuse for an
Increase of armaments. Corruption
and scandals in tho army and- navy
had recently rendered these institutions decidedly -unpopular.
Used Count at Tool
in an effort to stem this tide of disapproval, old Count Okuma was asked
to form a ministry. The count had
many friends, especially among the
journalists, a large number of whom
were graduates of his school—Waseda
By the use of bis name the bureau*
cratlc party hoped to regain tne confidence of the people and secure the
Increased armaments, and the war
w-Mh Germany wat another atop In thtt
direction. This move hat been successful, at the Premier hat recently announced a budget for the year 1915,
Including the desired Increases of
AnU-gonlam it Growing
At the extra session ot the Imperial
Diet, when thit budget wat presented,
the opposition parties voted for it in
order to ahow the world that Japan
wat united In time of wsr.
>iotr, the opposition baa begun to
resume Ita former -position and the
antagonism for increasing tha army la
rrowlng to ateadtly that there it a
-prospect thtt tjie premier will be compelled to dissolve the lower House and
I call for a new election, in thia con.
neotton It mutt ba remembered that
The following ls a "resume of the argument offered by K. Imikais on the
"I oppose the Increase in the army
now as I did a year ago, because I
want the system of the army radically
changed. I-t must be based on the
national strength.
"I do not agree with Y. OsaW, the
present Minister of Justice, tbat the
armament should be reduced. I only
Insist tbat there is no necessity for an
Increase in the number of army corps
on-the present batit.
"The present European war Is allowing that ordinary standing armies are
obsolete,' and the necessity of ami'
ing the entire .people. Former wars
were fought for kings and emperors,
but present wars are between nations
and races. Consequently, ln time of
war every man capable of bearing
arms mutt go to the front.
Would 8ttk Revenge
"Suppose Russia ahould be beaten
In the •preaent war. Then there will
be no war between Japan and Ruasla,
but if Russia thould win, prepare tor
a big army that would > be tent, to
Harbin to tecure revenge agalnat
"The present financial tltuatlon in
Japan requires that the present two*
year term of service ahould be
shortened and number ef reaervea in-
created. But this question thould be
discussed at a national defense eon*
forence, organized on a democratic
The i>r»«ent war with Germany w«s
entered into hastily and ia very unpopular. The people of Japan are beginning to realise that they are now
confronted wkh a new and powerful
enemyMlarmany—whose people they
had never looked upon aa anemlea, for
Japan i» really Indebted to Germany
where many of her people were tdeett-
Nobody can viait Nervpay today without being-struck w$th-the position -held
by Norwegian women. They are neither submissive; timid nor loud. They
dress with modesty, and they dress fittingly. But the great fact Is thoir
social position. Here thoy really seem
to move anaong men as equals, and
that position seema to .be now accepted
without any real damage "to tho womanhood or manhood of the -country.
On the contrary, both are better for it.
The aohieveme-ni of the voting ^power by Norwegian women is only a part
of this vast movement, whioh is represented by a elaim -to equality in society
as a whole. The womqh ln Norway
have worked-for that" greater aim simultaneously with the suffrage agitation
evter since 1885,' and tbey have achieved their aims, together. Practically
all professions are now open -to women
in Norway, except the priesthood and
-the army.
Men and women are educated together at scliool and college. They form
clubs and societies together, both for
sports, pleasure and serious objects.
The young men, indeed, are now said
to refuse to have separate societies,
and the two sexes are more add more
working together In all spheres of life.
Women sl-ton juries, and there Is now
one woman judge. And yet Norway
does not sink into the sea. On the
contrary, she has, by general consent
never been so prosperous.
The vote Is tbe banner and the emblem of this movement, the crown of
woman's claim In Norway. The story
of the way In which the women of
Norway secured the vote will be deeply interesting to all people at the present moment. Tbere was no violence
of meetings. The victory came in the
end quite peaceably and by the consent of all parties.
The Norwegian wonien got tiie vote
In the normal political way, by helping and supporting their friends in
ail parties, and the detail off the story
is a curious one. The first victory ot
the suffragists, tn Norway, as in England, was to secure the local vote.
That vote has been very extensively
used. It is now universal, and it has
resulted here -In Christiana . In the
Socialists being the most powerful
party in the Municipal Council. The
next victory was -the gain of the limited vote-—the "conciliation bill" vote—
for state purposes. That was given to
the women of Norway by the Conservatives, but -with the aid of Liberal mem-
bers of the Storthing. L_
*? y.7'.,.y
VOUR cood Nealth i* as-
* -suredoy'the. timely use
of thisweU-laVowTf:ho\Kfieh<JcI W'
remedy, which-fenrover, 40
years na». helped to make
both men and women heaI0v
ia, happier and more useful
. members of society.
,Tbi* liver it the body a filter, Whon
thia it kept in good working order
the blood 11 pure*, the nerves and ti*-
auea are properly nourished, result-..,
ing in a hearty appetite, a good
digestion, refreshing sleep, a clear
brain and a healthy body.
Sparkling, Refreshing, Purifying,
there is no limp'-cr, safer or more agreeable tonic and aperient than
Eno't "Fruit Salt," acting gently and naturally upon the liver. It
may be taken aa a healthful beverage with-perfect safety, and ita
effects are uniformly beneficial. Eno's never causes griping or
weakness, but gently assists nature without depressing the spirits
or lowering the vitality.
Order a bottle TO-DAY from your dealer.
Pftpwtt onto by
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Sold in all the principal towne and cities of Canada
Agenti for Canada: Harold F. Ritchie & Co, Limited. 10 McCanl St, Toronto
I - - IB
-Franklin H. Wentworth
(Students of the University of Chicago were instructed yesterday ln the
management and operation of great
railroads. I-n the address by the assistant second vice president of the
Illinois Central, the statement which
apparently impressed the students
most was that the age limit at -whioh
men were taken into railroad employ
was 35 years.—-Chicago Tribune.
That limited vote continued tot some
time, but in 1912 the Liberals were returned to .power despite of It. In 1913
—last year, tbe Liberals and Socialists
combined, and not opposed by the Con-
serva-tives, extended the vote to all women, and now the suffrage in Norway
stands as the same for both men and
women—a universal vote for all adults
over 25 years, both for the atate and
local purposes. /
Women are allowed to sit In Parliament, but not to become members
of the government. One woman tat in
Parliament for a abort time as substitute for a man--the Norwegians,
happy people, have a substitute system
which saves them from by-elections.
But the hat been defeated, and no woman now sits In the Norwegian parliament.
Now, for the reauHa on -politics.
Women't opinions are, of course,
much-more deferred to. There alta-in
Norway a woman's council whioh represents aU the higher Interest* ot
women. That body Is regularly consulted by the government on all women's questions. No Norwegian Parliament hat yet been elected on the
universal suffrage, but the woman's
vote hat 'played a part which gives
sufficient guidance for the future, It
has Just gained a maternity benefit for
Norwegian women.
On all social reforms—wages, hornet,
peneioni and children's care—tbe wo-
men'a vote ie all for panning legttU-
tion. Above all, It la powerful In temperance. Thaa Norway, with her
powerful looal option law, ia setting a
lead to the world. And ta that the women have played a great part.
that Involves a petty authority and a
little judgment in matters of no (particular Importance.
The vast majority reach 35 before
their'reason awakens with the judgment of manhood and they realise
that they have given the best part of
-their lives to a ceaseless grind for
other men's profits, and that it is
now too late to do anything for them
If before hope expires   they   look
-TCJSiSISJaSISiSJSISIBJS^ to the dead- level of a. ma-Ctiiae-
| j like routine; which smothers the crea-
a tlve instinct; which extinguishes hope
| before the mid-life is reached, is only
a form of organised death.
And yet it is this vast horde of patient, plodding slaves, dulled by routine a-nd soul-quenched by yeara .of
exploitation, who are keeping their
fellows in slavery. .They look with
dull eyes npoxx ideals for a ransomed
socloty. They do not thlrik they can
be benefited. . -They do not, think at'
all. Dead men do not think. "
„ A clerk who has worked ten hours for,twenty years without a iay's
vacation looks at a caged cttaa-ry and
exclaims: "Poor innprisoped* little
thing."   ,"•''■■
"There ia never so toffy * *iave"aS~
the slave who imagines he ia tree.
And day by day, step by step, age
ls creeping on.     "
It -ta a tad .thing, thia realization
that the world hat no place tor the
old.     "     •    >., -
The little children still love grandfather and grandmother.
But their place by tbe flrealde ia
The flrealde Itself hat gone.
Hurry Into your grave, old -man.
You have worked hard, It ta true.
You have been maklnJr thlsgs for
others' comfort all your life,   ,-
But thit ia a busy world, There are
profits to make.
And yt>u are in the way.—N. Y, Call.
*' o
Wt know an insurance agent who always hat a
good list of pr-ciptcts. Whtn ht clottt ont con-
trart he nab* the l-nwtrwr shunt anv trimAe that
might bt interested, and often geta a note or a
verbal message of recommendation to some of
those friends.
Merchants could use similar methods to ad*
vantage, modified to fait their business. First
give your customers perfect satisfaction; thtn get
thero to recommend you to their friends. If vou
tell a washer, wringer, stove, -piano, a brand of
paint, or baking powder, get. your customer to
write Mt experience and publish tt in your ad*
Must Changs Position
As a direct result of the European
war Janen'a international poaltlon
moat be ohanged. 8boiild Kngland he
beaten by -flertnany, thare la no internet tn ihe Far Kast to require Japan
to continue ber alliance with England.
If Kngland should via, then tbe will
Stave -no Interest continuing llm alliance, but may. nn tbe contrary, assume
i hostile attitude toward Japan, in
*t,**m*t*tm tt% the ttml.tenm-onat* -f-^eH-ne
In Anttralla and -Canada. I
rrom every point ef view lhe entrance of Japan into tbe present war
was P-ukldal. and it is probable lhat
one of the results will be the fall of
ib* fWrmna Mtel-Mrv S*  Y. -Tall
The worker It emulating l?ncle
Tom's character. He It trying to
cross the River of Doubt on the float-
Ina chunk* o flee, with the dogs ef
war aad wolves of want bet oa bla
"I know you sre honest and frugal, ot
Bald ths worker, with s Chesterfield
"But tbe wad In yonr -pooket would
strangle a horse—
Oh, where dtd yon get such a pile?"
" Tts a secret sll dark, tbat nay not
bt told."
Bald tbe mllttenalro fondling tba pelf,
"For If yoa bnt knew tbe eotree ef my
"Yon'd vote to rwtsln It yiwmwlf,"
It Is an Interesting commentary on
modern business life that there Ib no
place in it for the old. Llfe-wlsdom,
of commercial value. The tangibles
are below par. in a profit-seeking
In the current industrial organisations, at tht) moment at which it
would aeem that a man is bee*,
equipped for efficient service, he ceases to be of use.
This is because to keep the present
social order going, physical intelligence It alone required of the mast—
rausole intelligence, as it were. Men
are available only aa they are human
machlnet; unthinking, -plodding creatures of routine.
Among railroad employes there survives a fragment of a traditional dialogue between the -general manager of
a great Western railroad and an employe whom tie was reprimanding:
The Employe:   But, sir, I thought—
The General Manager: Dsmn you,
tlr.   You are not paid for thinking.
Under a military despotism Uie sol*
dler It not paid for thinking. -He murders without compunction men who
never did him any harm at bit super-
lor't command and iltn bla lira In
battle not hit own.
linger an industrial dsspotlsm tbe
worker tt not psld for thinking.
He. too, gives Mt life In battles not
his own.     ,
Despotism bat msny forms.
ttot Profit's sake tbe workers pro*
face, and produce ud produce, and
when tbey ara old thty are cashiered.
When tbey have given their lives In
service to society, society confranta
them wltk a shut door for tbelr paint,
Society kaa no place today for tbe
1% grttt wbolessl* bouses of Chicago take beys st II yeart of aa*.
Inside of a yssr they are doing s
man's work—at a boy'a par.
TMs Is tb* yoom and ankHtoes
period of their Uvea. Tbey have hope
In their hearts; tk* Inevitable has not
yet bulked agalatt tktlr herwea.
from IKoU thay work bar* snd
ftttbNIIy. A few oat of tbe batdret
ttmasand beeeste department msaa>
gars or tut atmllar jwsltlima ot mrrten
attorn~ror-HeWTeranona ~or^service"
tliey are confronted by 'such interesting rulen aa are operative in the Illinois Central. *
At the -moment when, under a rational social order, a man's years would
best qualify him for mature judgment
anil sound and Intelligent decisions,
the present social order meets hia application to serve it witb the curt and
-positive assurance tbat he is too old. ,,
Thit bate—nay, Infamous—humiliation is constantly suffered today by
men who are robust, strong and able.
What, then, are they to doT
Stay in the rut; die in the rut, or
-Prom the moment tbst an Intelligent man awakes to the realisation
thst he has no future save one of
routine, treadmill plodding, ha gets
hts bread at tbe price of hts manhood.
The llfe-fleme flickers and goes out. -Jits
eyes no longer shine. His tale it told.
He then begins a long period of waiting; waiting for death.. He may Indulge himself with a few creature-corn-
forts, but ho hat no longer to bo rent-
wiod with.    He may gr or stsy.
So he continues at bis boyhood's employment; at his boyhood wages, or
very IlUb more; until he gets In 'he
way of some short-tempered manager.
Thon hit storo coat, worn at ths elbows, It gon* from tbs book He
doesn't come say mors. Ills floor
mates forget Um.
During the smbitlous period of a
man's life todsy bis tnsrgte-fc era
sapped by a system which -throws him
sway liks s limp rag as soon ss tbs
tap It wrung oat of hkn, or awsksa-
log Intelligence provoke* s nonnsl
dlsstUsfscUon.       '* • *
Thousands and tbooaaads are thus
ground through tbls frightful, Impersonal mill, the mere dry prist of a
preffteasklng elvilltsUoa wblch hss
so ass for tb* tklng that lift Is mesat
for-ths human soul. Lire Is s progression; so usfoMment; a spiritual
When your soul ntupn teaching out
fer higher things; tben year kepe ll
gone, sad your a*bUtoa> go**, yoo>
may be aralktsg shout tba streets and
rMIng ea train*, but you ar* a dead
Yoar life I* behind yet.
A tmettty wbfct-i mfite** he-man be-
About 30,000 claims for damages for
Injuries auttalned aro before the Wtork-
-men's Compeneetlon OowamlssUn In
New York 6tate. -Before «he *ork-
men'a -com-psnsstlon act went hib effect th* injured workmen and tke widows snd orphans of (bote who irsrs
killed would have been at th* mercy
of greedy -corporations and inning
Iswyert snd would hsve receive! tittle
or nothing to tide them ever a period
of misfortune and auff-srtag what thay
needed support moet Otdlt the organised workers of tbs country for
bavlng secuysd <hs postage at oMupen-
aatlon laws, not only te gala tome
temblanc* of Justice for thamashres.
but |or the non-untonbtt ae well. Aad
what are the latter doing to sbbv their
A swsy-brelned professsr says
D. Rockefeller has sevst as
erntMSUe nevsramsnt,* Jm
upon as machine gaa govsranaeat
Vide Colorado.
A dog Is at. Louis wm glvea a funeral that toot |8M, a ami that watM
keep a worttngmsn't Matty for e year
(ts the worker tststs now), hat tbe
worktagmea veAad to tet (Ae feed lot
bave k.
Thare's sem* etoom tm th* Jtag*
•bo has aromr plat* to stettftM te' bit
country at a aaacy price, bat bow
sheet tbe booh JMtge whs kaa aotklag
to offer bat his sktet
Hants t'kaoa Bronchi te tbe wot*
era, mor* war, leap bosses. Moat*
etftal paw* -Shop*. Head-re-ds ef brent
linen, hnm bt mors lobs. Starvation. Cold. Death and disease. The
fto-ftuiege of tb* etattdrwa of the poor
•or* m*0 etttmtty witb bt***,
CJ Umm kwwa.  Willing ff stwi-hiisi ttn gttal IwettlHrid
eminently ntMtcten.  In <wy eaettt ewrtd a Jktn nab ef *t*
m/ii      ,*m *^l *i*mtf^mn*A IA fA tM* d^{i|uj^itttij^Ki||M ~'-iyj|ltei'i^juyuy|tt gA &f.^^^a 4guw^^1|kJb
iehhbemfc* TtamZtaaMisa^ni^gv^^
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mot ottmwmw -m -^^te    ^^^mmt ew^ww -^mm gwew
a mtl..—. m/m* jL»* tali Jfiai jLmmm %AmfiiA omAmmm.
to wumw*.**^pw m^mmm ^wvwmem'www -m-^tam ^w» Mmfrtmm'~
PRK •et-^^^J ^WP^B --^^^p^^^W wO mr ^^^^mt *^mowtt       m^mm -e
erKfiW.  K|i#iiiMir«MjMM|
wthlaf le nart up tkefr tvtl reettts fn wglWHi
|tk V t» mk tarteap«W tW e^tW to any
a oPwtiiM* ftwwmtt. : ■
* 9. ft* Prtii
^b •m^e 4^*^e^0w
*„ ttMe'-mHam-xaen em*** tet rtfte ef tMe mtm
gmmamm* THE DISTBft$F I^qmiJS9l&&* B. C;, JAHEARY: 9,1915
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc,
', '"'"'"ffc.y:
Rocks and Brooms
_ Best quality only
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
In great variety
Hardware  and  Furniture
'Phone 37
B. C.
A. Macnell    , §. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notariea,   Ete.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
f, 0. Law*
Alex. I. Raher
Fernie, E C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8aua-
"as**- rer_tonVorroW'e~~breSRr
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 58 Wood Street-
*"      FERNIE, B. C.
ro Those Who Declare This to Be a
"Holy War."
We Are Ready to Scratch
itt you* bill any item of lumber uot
found Just as we represented.  Thsrs
te no hocua pocut in
This Lumber Business
When you urant spruce we do not
tend you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber ve don't.slip in s
lot of culls.. Thus* who buy once trom
us alwaya come again. Those who
bare not yet made our acqualntana*
are taking chances they wouldn't en-
counter if they bought their lumber
P. Carosella
Wholesale LiquorlDealer
Dry Goods, Orooaries, Boms and
Shoes. Genu' Purnltblnxt
,.„ r,..— JBeslersJn, — „,
Lumber, Lath, 8hlngles, 8ash ano
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings.
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
Opposite 0. N. Depot P.O.' 8ox 22.
Phone 83.
By.J, Ramsay'Macdonald, M.P.
Since the war began the conserva-
Uve press bas constituted itself tbe
mouthpiece of the Labor Party. It
knqws all about' us, what we are
thinking, how* we are divided, and
what we have done .in our private
meetings.' .-The usual- scribes are inventing their little tales and are supplementing their little incomes by a
few extra coppers won in -this way.
In one newspaper these tales -appear
as a paragraph in a London letter;
In another as a special contribution
from "A Labor -Correspondent"; in a
third-, as an editorial article, Needless
to say, most of them are as false as
they are offensive. But that is how
tlio show is' .worked. Public opinion
must be kept* ftverish; electors must
be misled, and, above ull, the labor
movement damaged. Otherwise, how
could there be wars? How could the
working, class be kept divided? War
Is both the seed time and the harvest
ot the Interests of the classes that
prey upon tiie common people.
What the I. L. P. Will Have to Meet.
Unfortunately for us, the* game of
reaction is easily played. Every people has a prejudice and an-allurement
which, "when awakened, makes them
forget their civilization and their reason. Whisper Russian aggression to
Germany, for instance, and it goes off
its head; raise an anti-German cry
here, dub peace advocates "Herr"
and "Von" and the same thing happens wl-i'h us. The "return to Nature"
is all too simple to make one sure of
one's footing on reason. And behind
the grievous lapse there Is always a
respectably good seutiraent. I suppose If I were to put the very best
face possible upon the -present war
and our -part In It I, should say that
we are fighting because Ave want to
liberate Europe from the German
military buea-rucracy. That is what
the I, L. P. will have to meet, and
in relation to that we shall have to
define our attitude.
-Personally, I am willing to go to
great lengths to <lo this. I have always held that It was a legitimate
purpose of British foreign policy to
aid the birth of liberty wherever we
could. But in doing that we have
to choose our friends nnd we have to
he careful of our own record. The
policy of "the Little Kaglander" is to
keep his country clean,, to provide it
Its influence felt all over the world.
This Ib our first re-piy to the deluded
ones who think this is a war for-lib-
erty. Our chief ally, Russia, #'111 not
allow U8 to claim that good, weillt.
their loved ones- and protectors nothing .now -^ but shadows seen through
tears, I would unhesitatingly choose
the former.
The Unequal Sacrifice
And that is not the full price. For
a generation or so Europe will be
paying for this war in au arrested
civilization, a weakened population,
an increased poverty. We are -but
replacing one European menace by
it greater one. We hope to remove
the fiend with blood-splashed foot
from Berlin and. take in exchange the
dreaded rider on the white horse as
the monaich of Europe.
The bargain is thoroughly bad, an8
Uie people will liave to make good
the balance. "Ah, but," they say,
"we are all, rich and poor alike, to
share our privations," That Is untrue. The rich lose their children
like the poor and mourn for them
like -the poor; the rich subscribe their
thousands to the charity funds, and
their women folks, In comfortable
places, make shirts for the wounded
and petticoats- for the orphans. But
there is no equality in the sacrifice.
The .poor lose the breadwinners—
they lose all; When the father is
gone charity alone can fill tho mouths
and clothe the backs of his little ohes,
and charity is a bad start for life.
The rich do ,no.t suffer that. Take
y ur subscription list. The widow
gives her farthing and the rich man
his .C 10,000. Result: the widow becomes a pauper and the rich man remains rich. There ran be no equality
of sacrifice under such conditions.
The poor are driven into the darkest
parts of the Valley of the Shadow
bending under the heaviest burdens,
and masses of them see the llg-ht of
happy health no mote.
Destroy the military bureaucracies
as we should like to see them destroyed, and- as we were destroying
them, and the poor are blessed; but
destroy them as we are now pretending to destroy them and the poor, a re
cursed for generations.
What Will Be the Result?
There is a third point. What is to
be -the result of the success of^our
present methods?     We debase   one
Europe ?
castes of Europe; that from tbe destruction of the Berlin, War* Office the
Peace .Temple at the Hague is to come
into Teal being. It is all moonshine.
Kar more likely is it that this war is
the beginning of a new military despotism in Europe, of new alarms, new
hatreds and oppositions, new .menaces
and alliances; the beginning of a dark
e-I>och, dangerous not merely to democracy but to civilization itself.
To prevent this we .must .work with
might and main, and our success will
be measured by our clearness of sight
and courage in explaining to our -people now how this war has come, what
it really -mean's, and how it is to be
ended.—Labor Leader.
-   D
Than  One   Hundred  Thousand
Miners Join the Army
Directory of Fraternal
I   AM   WAR!
By James Logan -Mosby, Prize Essay
in Life.
Bar supplied with ,J4m» beat Wine*
Liquors and -Ulgai-v
A jtreaeaer taya John 1). Rockefeller
It tbe aaddeat man In tbs world, whereat old Join winks knowingly and
grabs aaotfeer cost mine.
After speeding ten Million dollars
•nf tbo pse-pte's money and nineteen'
Uvea the tieiKTent pretty nearly got!
the flat sainted In Vera Cms. I
Old psity willies it a struggle ot
th* otitstiffrs to get In office aa much
as possible ud for the Inside* to get
out of sfflee si much ss possible.
•"•—"•   '•"•■'     " '       •^■'■■■■"^•^■■t'--^*'!*'^*"*
WtVwtnla aai «&
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
Bottltf Semis i Spwiilty
List of Locals District 18
Namt les. sn* P. O,
i..,.....,.«K• «BSSUSy, HSMtaSMf AltS.
HaMm-ene         .la-ma* Itm**. flw M, ftefle'viie,
tttaittfwf*   Wm. Archer, Blalrtnor*, Alta.
•■•»••*•••»••« T, 0, HSfffSS, PSSSB-Uffc AltS*
*f*,.,*.,**.,.*, Mttekaa, omtttytttbi vttmmtk Mis.
.*.,«* .    ' T^ • t
f &*■*-»   **m  * ****** m
Mtohesl Wsrrta. Ussssors, Alts.
drOwna-a I   lotttiaarm. fr-lut***    Wi*
Cefbto....... ......... It^Oarbll^ Corbin, ac.
C*to**b Missy.  P. fwsastoa, Chte<»k Mines, Coesaitree. Alt.
ratals......•.,,.,,,...,Tbos. l>ppill, Persia, B. C.
rvsnk* *»*«>,....,..,.... Kvaa Morgsa. W-sse* AHa.
Hflfettfft....... .Mark UWer, Hlllemt. Alta.
n/ommrmwt.i.**.,.... •« ** attune, net ■snw annd if. moiMmitomo
l/mbtttt4m Oollieriet.,. JtafJc Barrtsgbaas. Ooalh-ncst, AHa.
..",. ,f, tl. Itatrtea. Ptmbmn. AHa.
T'-tfV      SHS*^^^^|(^*gh     SMy^»|.^^^||g^^^,      JbjBJSiO
* \** 1wm¥Vm$ miiif|s mmm*
TmRMT* »vow**»*w»o»«««««Ai   fwU#fWM)«   MMPVTs  JmW&i
€t ^^^^-guya, AflM_     ^f^-Mkn*^^*-^*-^^        %AdMiH   IS-Bj^^a    tttL^^^m^t^mb*^mm^    -M^g***u*B*^tfH>ui*k      tbtibm
.wswpwawat vtmtitMtMi wasps?, intfpiswii, vuv-SMin^ mm, .
Itk^A'AAMM    *.t,— .m^. CSah^u     ajt^M*m^t^^       l^M^^t^^m^      alma    ^^^t*ml9  ,
tttaitonat mta^m .........aterrj atenswatii taotoomh r*m momm •
■Mi 'HsMB, Albstta.
The thought of liberty never entered
into the minds of those who pro.
moted the Triple Entente: It has
nfver inspired the partners to MiIb
entente—nay, more—Its sacrifice hat
kept the entente in existence, lt is
now a mere misleading afterthought.
RuBgJft in arms wl-^h ub to free Kurope from an autocracy, whether political or military, is a grim joke.
How to Break German Despotism
Xow let me deal. with., a second
point. Thoao of ua who have atrlven
for a good underatandlng with Germany have done So because we be*
Ueved that the Itusalan uutocrocy
ooull not survive the understandtna.
That waa recognlaed in,Berlin. When
the Ka|ser waa here at the unveiling
of Queen Victoria's memorltl he wai
attacked by the Conaervative* In Iter-
I'.n because hit friendship with Great
Britain was subversive to them mitt
thatr methods. Tha Oerman floclnl-
Democrats were steadily gathering
for«» to the same end. Herman military autocracy waa ntroug, but Gorman democracy wns getting stronger.
IThe grftwtng life within Oerman society mat cracking tbe shell*which
encoumataed it. That shell could be
cracked from within—our Socialist
policy, or from without—tho policy of
our Foreign Office. For eight wssry
y«ttr« RrMtfft -vtlplowvai-y lv»» b**i\
strengthening ibe shell by affording it
a reason for Its eilstenre. Xow it
comes forward In wsr -jiretendiag in
do the breskina. I Isy ll down as an
Ireeatrevertlble proponlllon thst lba
beat wsy to overthrow what dssnetlsn
there Is In Oermsny la by Oarmaiia
from within, and not byt British,
French snd Rutstsna from without.
I want to go right dowr* io the foundation of things. Herman military
aMI-oerai-i waa -bad for Kurop**---** I*
Hrlllah asertt diplomacy, Hal to try
and break either by n war Is stwpld
sod criminal, tt it mslly true that
In Anno Domini ISM tbe only way to
dethrone fhe Ctermsn mllMary etste
I* for llrllain, France snd lluaala io
fight li? It is not. The end cannot
lite kimm-wiI Iiii tMmti way,. ini4 tf It mtibl,
tlm nrlea la too dear.
autocracy and exalt another, I have
just been told that one of the ablest
military men of our country remarked
recently to a friend that tlie war
might last for three years—eighteen
months of which would find Ruasla
mid ourselves fighting Germany and
the other eighteen Germuny and our-
nggerated and dramatic way of putting an obvious possibility. It ls unthinkable that .Germany should win.
It will be overborne by starvation and
financial stress, even If victorious on
the field of battle, and the military
exigencies of Its" position have forced
it -to alienate the sentiments for Ub*
erty ln the heart of our democracy.
Morally and financially, tt Is wiiik,
nnd that will settle the battles in the
Europe Under New Barbarlem
What lb then to happen'   Klrst of
all. who is to be the victor?     Not
what ia vaguely  called  "the 8111*8.''
For how can  Russia and  ourselves
have a common victory?    Before the
war broke out we were beginning lo
see In our "high places" that we hud
done too much for Russia,   and   lt
any one goes back and studies carefully statements made by Sir Kdward
drey within the paat year it will Ue
acetl that he has been changing; in hi«
attitude to Russia.     Not very Ions
-ago I received an explanation of our
foreign policy from ono qualified to
apeak, and It waa that we were in the
Triple Kntente because   we   feared
Russia,  but  that a  conviction  wat
-growing thai we bad gone too far.
Well, when Germany It down, who
will ba up?    We ean min little.    A
colony or I wo to add to our uaeleas
burden perhaps. France will alao have
a colony or two, maybe, and Alsace-
Lorraine.   It may or may not claim
money paymen's.    This will rankle In
th-t> Ofr-man bni\ Jwrt »» *,\\*> Jo*-* uf
Alaaco-Lorralna rankled In Ihe French
liwirt      lint  with -strong democratic
movement* thene tblngt might be adjusted In s scheme of lasting peace.
With !tu»»la, ibe esse is different.    It
too, will want something, butvabove
all Itt autocracy will be rehabilitated.
Ua military system will be alrengthen-
ed;    ll    will become lhe dominating
poser in Europe     No Invader can
touch  It, st Xauote-on fouvl tn his
ttut, and aa Oermsny today a»«umc*
In Ita scheme of military tsetlra.    It
will press In upon wa In Aala.   Our defense of India will be s much bigger
problem then ll ta now; Cblna win be
Ihtvsleaed; IV-r*la will go.     It will
rivet upon u« Ihe Japanee? alliance,
I was conceived in passion, hatred,
envy and greed, born in the morning
of antiquity, and have a genealogy
whose every page drips with -the red
blood of innocence. I respect neither
tlie feebleness of gray hairs, the helplessness of infancy, nor the sacredness
of virtue, and walk, iron-shod, ruthlessly and impartially over the form of
the weakling cf tbe form of the giant.
1 paint the midnight skies a lurid
glow Trom the burning homes 1 have
ravaged, and I turn peaceful scenes of
rural beauty, where God's own creatures dwell together in amity, into a
raging hell. I set neighbor against
neighbor in deadly combat, and I incite the brother to slay his brother.
I make puppets of kings, princes of
paupers, courtiers of courisans, and
thieves of respected .subjects, and empires -melt before my breath as does
the mist before the morning sunlight.
1 make ot religion fanatlcis-m; the
heathen I make a fiend incarnate; and
of all men 1 make playthings devoid
of reason and justice. Through Intrigue I make the intelligent powerful, the unscruplous wax fat on the
spoils of blood-won victories gained
by others and the less learned sjiffer
Por their own ignorance.
Famine, want and misery follow in
my path; I lay waste green fields and
still the hand of industry. I pillage
the land of the resources but contribute nothing of beenfit to mankind,
leaving the pestilence to stalk ghostlike in my wake and complete the
work or destruction. I lay a heavy
tribute upon my most loyal subjects
-For the first time a detailed analysis
of the number of trade unionists who
haye enlisted in Britain since the war
commenced is available. The total
(and even then the returns from some
of the unions are incomplete) is no
less than 225,1(0. Ot these the -miners contributed 109,860, the railway-
men 45,000, the postmen, joiOOO, and
the gasworkers and general laborers
nearly 15,000, The figures for tne
various unions are as follows:   •
Trade Union Enlisted.
■Beamors, twisters,  eic       500
Blast furnace men     1,000
Boot and Shoe Operatives     2,960
•Builders' Laborers, N.A    1,000
•Bookbinders and M. Rulers       500
-Bleaohers, Dyers, etc       1,500
Card and Blowing It. Oper       400
Coacbmakers      1,000
Clerks       500
Gasworkers and Gen. Lab 14,495
Ironifounders       1,400
National Amal. U. of Lab    4,500
Machine Workers         650
Plasterers          250
Postmen's Federation     10,000
Railwaymen, National Union ..  15,000
Shipwrights, etc      1,000
Shop Assistants      8,000
Steel Smelters       2,700
Stevedores  -.       700
Teachers        4,500
Typographical Association      1,200
Toolmakers         550
Vehicle Workers       6,000
Watermen, Lightermen, etc    *  250
Workers' Union       4,000
Ayshire .Miners        1,700
Bristol  Miners          130
Derbyshire Miners     11,700
Cannock Chase Miners — >..    - 700
Clackmannanshire Miners,       250
Cleveland Miners       900
Cumberland -Miners       1,100
Durham Miners    30,000
Forest of Dean Miners       450
Lanarkshire Miners       7,000
Lancashire & Oheshire Miners *4,uou
Leicestershire Miners         550
Mid and East Lothian Miners..    2,000
Northumberland Miners       3,500
North Wales Miners .'     3,001)
Nottingham  Miners        3,500
Old lllll (Staff)  Miners        360
Stirlingshire -Miners      1,000
South Derbyshire Miners       400
South Wales Miners 20,000
West -Lothian Miners -     600
Yorkshire miners  15,000
Meets every Wednesday
evening at ti o'clcck ln K. P.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mclklejohn.
ment; I squander the vitality and lives
ot those who serve me faithfully, yet
return to the world nothing but ruin
and ashes. The baubles of feme I
confer on some.are but empty shells
of false standards wherein t-he ilcen&e
to commit murder and rapine Is held
to be the insignia of glory by a mlatrtk-
en civilization.
I can offer no excuse, nor can I
give one plausible reason why I should
not cease'to be, other than thnt so long
as men who wield influence are permitted to gratify their seirish desire
and ambitions at the expense of the
many who must carry the. burden* and
endure Uie suffering, that long will I,
continue lo exact my toll of sorrow,
devastation and death. For I am pill-
leas—devoid of all" feeling; I fear neither-man nor Clod: I am amenable to
no law, and I am "in myaelf tlio Ink
and the'laat resort.
I am WAR!
known that members of the Transport
Workers Unions have enlisted ln their
thousands, but no absolute figures are
(The above cutting Ib from the ft. C
Federationlst, but no mention ia mode
of tbe source of the information
whence these n*»tir«>y arc taken. Granted »te accuracy (and wi hav» no rt-a-
sen to doubt It) this uliould be cnnsiil-
oi-.'tl a positive rebuttal to thone German newspaper,-*! who have so fre-
(iiiently allude.t >.o tho Lritlah so tV.rin
ns "mere mercenaries.")
meets   first   and   third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K, P. Hall.
Meet at Alello'e Hall second and third Mondays la
each month,
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fern4e, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their'own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K of S., D, J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
•Z.t meets in the K. P.- Hall
i. ...ji.: mil -fourth Friday of
inch month at 8 p. m.
..-..its J. BROOKS. W. iM.
"   onn, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Fridav evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
J. SHILLING, Rec. Sec.
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
. That Contain Mercury
a. mti,.„,rv Villi  9„*.t9 ,1-a-klx.v ,!./. 9.**.- nt .Mil
and cumi'li-ti-l/ di-rauKe tlie whole wsteia a/ban
-witerliiic It tlir-iUBti tb» niut-ouo «urfi«m. Much
krtlclttt dmuM nvrt-r be tut-d vxci-|it an inw-K-rtp-**.
Iluu» fr<.tu n-i>utal>h> |ii.r*U-iu»>. an th« dtmagv.
Illcy w.ll Ji> lit till fold tu 'M Baud foil et* (MM-
►lbl>- drrlvi- irom them. Hull'* Cils-rrli Cur*,
minufa't-urrd l>y V. I, <.ttnt*T It rv>„ T*»l«l-». O..
fHitalnji To nii-rrnry, and la taken IntonmUjr,
' ai'llDK Jlr,*ctl> iil-uii tki> bluul nud itm-vou* «ur-
f«c*» of tli* i-y-Mi-m. In Imylne Hill'* ftti-rb
("tire bv *itiv jroti itet tht- irriniui'. It lo ul *-n
lnti*ninll.v ainl inad<> In TiUi-iK Ohio, by V- J,
Itn-tu-}- & fn,    Ti-ntlai<it>lo!» ♦n*,
8«ld !>}' ftrUERlnt-i.   'Itli*, Me- P<T t-^tlr.
Take Il«ll'» lumlly I'J'l- fur eumtlojtiou
SMMs Cure
ouickiv moan eouaHB. cuaca tcira,
MCaUl THt TH>.„„T ANO • UN-3-V   Ut CXMt*
<dH    ^tH-   rft*-
Dr. .Wiley, Ihe pur«> food mnn of a
former administration, declares that
"if a ureat holocaust would burn down
«*very home we would get rid of tuberculosis." Thl* la saying In effect Ihst j
pre-cioua few houses In A-m««rlcn nr*»'
fit ror ocupancy. Hut suppose they t
were all dftatroywl would men build i
any better for rental puritoneK, wiitinj
lh*y realised that not many could pay
N»nl on better property? Th*» ivw.i
clualon la inevitable that there can)
v m, jtaj hornt;* until Ui-u. tapiulU'i
lion or capitalism la nt an «>nd.—Kx.    j
Thia would put m end it* Tnt-tuy
for Tiitwrcoloals, tb-ttreliy pnu-ntlna'-a
kM of well<meanltix liidlvldnalw from
Sulionbollns pa««r»b) on behalf of j
lhe "While I'lasne Pond." H would
npsot i*e astabllabiHl mlea of aorlrty
and until lhe#i» rulr* ar<> thrown ovc-'.
board Ibe aolntlon for smtal Ills In unattainable. 1 -
Search for Secrets.
Pones Dt Lson started out to discover ths Secret Fountain of Youth. Men are always looking
for secrets: the secret of health, wealth, or happiness. But the secret of successful advertisinghas
been discovered. It is strange It was not discovered long ago, but it wss not until recent years,
although it is remarkably simple. It is to "Tell
the truth and shame the devil." Put into your
advertisements the exact facts, without exaggeration or elaboration. When people ses that you
are entitled to confidence, they will make a
beaten path to your doors.
-Ae a mail of th** ten mo,.t!i*" -op-
peratiir   ot   the Pord  profltuhtrlna
rilisn   employes   hav«i    i«irch«*i.<*   'on
cont met homea valued   at   ti.iKXi.ow-)'
to-' which tbey hav,-   «atl.  p^jtn-»o:*J
asaretatliia ttjbbofiw, hex* laa* t< ».«ii
life hinranct! to the amount •: .ibtmi
one of fhe srwileat poUUcal menaenaj tt««M«.oiw and have saved ou hu .sver-!
n< (mr liMipiftrtel unit)'.   -AiIjov* all. Ujnaf of $iii.-i« t*v aa-'.*. altUb,
I woald nether \ will revitalise lbs Pan -Wav movmaant.! wther dlMw-nnt* ibe ne««tmlir*)ie »!-.«■- -
taat Milltanaa* Sad lioarwMi tor no*;aad tl ever Karoti* la te st mn4* ann-1of aail-flaslaliats that when wo bt**t ■
uuMtv mm )v*i* xmn ibm ee »***>i**tii,yvm -.» a m* OJ*tb*t\*m, taw nH>v«-^u«t«ai mortuns boar* awl man** *>•
baie aeat tboHMmls   of   «•« atoaSi mrnt la to da IL.    I know that if Ui«*| will apasd oar lime and tnon**,' in th«*f
tb* fMb ot (tftatlssi, btte- **i toto IV-* llsv ami-rimm *«iM bt- ■Armw
to death: tbst tm tboottl hare donrted | rallttd It mlsbt be bsrmlesa.  flat the
'bounsnda of ba*»py flreaidi*'*; tbat we K«vcruan>nt of the Slav Is last tkai
aaMMaM ***** umtoom-nmi-eoom tmnjm t attmrn wiH yi«« -num ol all (e oetmt
wsrh for n esaeraitoa; tbnl we abowM! eralh- laflaenee*
ha-re to toes* In Karofw sll tbe hists Tbs truth af the Msttst
of baltk- sad sll tba brutalities «f;    (to It «**#* in tbi*.    Wearelnthte
- M<u ttamammam.
tar.     Already tbere hav* been sets ronfllct In 4 f-enaelsss, blind sort of
doaa is tbls war wbleb Miw ths way been*** jeara sea wa bsd sot tk*
binnf run fttit timl pmrwf, but  tn*b! fUnist-ab* ««rf rnmmo-n -tena**  '0 \irn
nn* ar» doaa ta every jilae arfldeat, j ten surseltf* frmn balac drawa into
wry tomtfrrtnt of n «ftfp itt trri.Jt.    Fntirv fv* in ff '-a «'fpe out. Id
- j sn*N<«i. INii :Ht>"!S lO-utSbiie lo „jp. t..^
Il Jim tbe same.    And ih-e fool worit- ]
! laum-aa -m Ul <-oaiiniM> ia -Wll^vr a
itm, y**i    Mortaitsin ta an nnaonnd I
iheorv aa It woald pal • Map to It-wn '
lit**   «!*«*■ yem bave bnrd tbl» be |
nllered by  ibe  "antla"?      Mbe;
•lVT.iii!t»,.iiiiWfriii!»ii 11
-***. entvnnnonttinn
. every sweri/k* of a -to»ira4*. ff i tmt
I io riooss 'kstwes* Oersaaa settttaffm
I lor yst a Httl* white oot tkt battfe-*
lal-midry fsogbt, tkt s*wtw»s» ottnmtt
UommH^fi, tb* mmm nti-t -Attttm
tulrmfir im$* tl*mbtt*, t #mrM, tetm
"it; Hmmi* i* in U to dwniaatt tbe
OU Wett* Aala ** wall aa Ben**
I toot not llstio to Ibe morsl nam-
^uM^atfi^*   M&   nl^aH^   ^^i^^   ttmk%   "mm   *-*--—*'
tBt^rjwmWGw  mt   IIMPMRf   Wmm  IPII   -mm   *■■■*
tkls is tb* !*«t bttt-, t*l«? tmm ft «*
*n **f* tbf nrerffiTnir if H'-f mlttflr
many other of tbeir ottiertlona   »if»
aHbJe#«4«d to tht stid teat of §»rartl<4 J
brtrti rf r'nmtbt** t..i -1 \'.-.>.* -ai... .1*. .■„
ed by tb* result a swoted abate .1
U'Sat in tbo difftreare bftweea tke!
**t»nttm wfjo Hv-mi m the lakor mt'-'
liitl* rhttdren nn,l tb* win who rati**",
for tb* »r«ew« tbat ensbtr* tb1- •" ;
3N*rtit-r in ?jie -oa ibe 'l/.'»     , .      1
Uf afTalbi
" Corson's" are es-
rlnaivsly (mm\ tm
■kjlMlfai       -"--.nt*     .I-. 9--9.*.k99 LAtLlh,   ■*«»
Mfw wsrp *>p<i™wwp-^M|    wametrw^wt
ti discriminattaf
prefer Conion's
rate fsftntmtflt and
thc .hixnw of ths
eluluwve Corson
». J*,-.».
j**am *gr m*l mrmggtttt.
amtmaw* rant* mm ttanwn
tamtam **t.
1 ,'#t*ij
®-e\Mi At Page EIGHT
Extraordinary Values
Shoe Dept.
Men's, Ladies and Children's Felt Slippers at
Greatly Reduced Prices
Wa will sell our entire stock of Felt Slippers at
20 pi-r cent discount, good only for Saturday and
Wonday. These comprise all Felt, leather soles and
heels, with fur tops; Moccasin Slippers, fur or wool
lined; Fancy Colored Slippers in ladies' and children's.    A great variety   lo   choose from.     Prices
ranging in men's from 35c. to $3.00
Ladies', from 15c. to $2.00
Children's, from   10c. to $1.00
In a good heavy quality; all wool and extra warm.
Come iu plain colors and two-color combination.
Kegular 35c. and 45c,
Special  ....... 25c.
Just thetliing for skating and snow-shoeing.Col-
oiis, navy and white; red and white; red and navy;
khaki and brown, and all plain colors. Regular 50c.
and 60c
Special  35c.
Made from a specially selected yarn; full fashioned and absolutely fast black. Reinforced tops.
Sizes: &/»„!), 0Ui and 10.   Regular 35c.
Special  4 Pair for $1.00
Extra warm quality, 54 inches long, with tassel led
ends.    Colors, navy, red and white.   Regular 35e.
Special ........................ ... 25c
of all lines of our heavy woolen
goods, for one week all our heavy
sox, mitts, pants and underwear
will be on sale at big reductions.
This is a great opportunity for
the man who works outside. In
spite of great advances in the
price of all wool goods in Canada
due to the war, we are giving you
an opportunity to buy THE BEST
quality of heavy wool goods at a
great reduction on last year's price
See our big window display,
note the high grade of all our wool
goods, all well known makes, the
prices are so low it will pay you to
buy for next year.
All Overcoats on
sale at reduction of
20 per cent
9i   .iiin  ni    M*«»i*Mi»M*»««ai,|>>»i»<
for Saturday
S-SSBi.. *'
' Gold Standard Baking Powder, 16 oz, 29
Mixed Biscuits, 2 lbs     .25
Old Calaber Dog Biscuits, 5 lb.- sack ;.,    ,45y
Spratt's Dog Biscuits, 5 lb. sack 59
Canada First Condensed Milk, per tin 10
ITolbrook's Custard Powder i.'..,\     ;35
Cooking Kggs, 3 doz '.  1.00
Libby's Sliced Peaches, iy«'s, 2 for ;...    .35
Kxtra Large Oranges, per doz 49
Holbrook's Herring iii Tomato Sauce, 3 tins..    .49
Little Herrings in Tomato Sauce, 2 for 25
Canada First- Marmalade, 5 lb. pails 55
Macaroni, 30 lb. box 79
Assorted Toilet Soaps, 8 for 25 '
Lyle's English Syrup, 2 tins 35
Holbrook's Marafat Peas, per pkg.     ,19
Tomatoes. 2 tins 25
Fresh Hnddij!, 2 lbs       26
Fresh Halibut, 2 ibs -....''  .21
Fresh Herrings, 2 lbs. ... 25
Fresh Whitefish, 3 lbs . .^     .25
Skinned Hams, per lb. •.     t18
Cooking Butter, 1 lb. brick 25
Lnrd, 3 lb. pails  ' .50
Money Saving Prices
Wont baa been received from Mr.
Geo. Pettigrew that Premier iMoBride.
when Inter?tawed by a committee delegated from a mass meeting of the un-
employed of -Nanaimo, made the statement very deHlnltely that he had
$5,000,000 be was prepared to upend in
order to nee that the residents of this'
Province were properly cared for.
We arte informed that Premier Mc-
Bridge gave the Dominion -Government
the assurance tbat he would attend to
tbe wants of tbe unemployed of British
Columbia. Hence the knowledge of
bis having 15,000,000 for this purpose
beam out tba promise made to the
Dominion authorities,
We feel tbst people generally should
knot*' that our -Premier ha* this extra-
ordinary Unge turn ot money tor relieving genuine eases of distress,
Various aaooolation* have been organised for the -purpose of attending to
tbe utterly destitute, nnd ao far ss possible assisting all the needy. -However, in many cases we find that local
charitable bodies could not handle
their own distress cases, and appeals
wire naturally sent broadcast witn a
▼lev to -satisfying the local needs.
We al.w know thai muuy mum contributing to the varioti* charitable bod-
turn who r<nlly oould not afford to do
so, and wt» find that many of the organisations bave practically expended
ati their funds in order to assist their
■unemployed brethren,
Tmt, trom a humanitarian *tan«l-
point, It Is tbe duty of every Individual
to see, aa far as possible, that his fallow man has food, clothing nnd shelter,
yet *han we know our Premier U able
to care tor th«-> hnn-ery, ami more especially when we know tlif sour-re of
sii-fh wealth *** tft*l tbt* <wifb»r mj»ht
not to deprive bis fnmlly nnd n*1t in
order to aaaiat. tbe more unfortunate.
Let m tor tb** time, *i la*\ imnKti
(bone old Mm* wblvb hsve Wen cnm-
med Into u» nimtt the ntljrma of
rburit)  and the glory of  work, etc,
<,«»»t It m*n -nr .-mi..,.,,*-.* ->.*   , * *  •      ,t
unfortunate rtnalitmn <*•»•.#.•-(. •<•», ■»•*.»--,.>«*
obtain employment nr virtual*, then,
to we our Wemtern vernacular. l«-t us
mt. Mie go«*l fellow find help "IMck"
to '^ow-in" bin ft,tiO0MKt bntb*'.
To ti-e Editor. District Ledger,
Dear Sir,—Wl« you kindly allow me
space In your valusble saper to enlighten the persons of Michel who are
laboring under a delusion regarding
the source from wbich the presents
came which were distributed to the
children ot Natal and Michel on tlie
evenings cf Dec. 28th and 29th respectively.
A state-nit nt was -made in my presence and in tha presence of oUiers
that most of tho presents given vvny
were paid -for *lth Union money."
Xow, sir that is an absolute false-
hood. Net ore cent of union money
has been vscd for such a purpo«c. I
happen to bo on the commltteo who
handled the -Miners' Dockage Fund,
and such a statement as tbe above
mentioned accuses the committee of
crooked dealing by misappropriating
the money hand-ad over to us.
My desire Is to clear the committee
of any semblance of crooked dealing.
Every present given out to the children either at Natal Sunday School
treat, or at Miohel Methodist Ohuroh
Sunday School treat, was donated from
an outside source. Messrs, T. Baton
A Co., Winnipeg, donated a small parcel, while the other boxes were sent
ni hi the Woman*.Missionary Socioty
addressed 1o -Miss M. Paul, who Is
working bore under the auspices of
-tba Woman's Missionary Society.
These articles of clothing and toys
were to lie distributed by ber aa she
saw fit, and the time chosen waa when
j the children were getting their Christ-
: mas treat,
!    Trusting   >oti   wiil   make  matters
; clear.
f remain.
Y«tr* obediently.
! K. C. CURRY.
M-thM'it -t'bwh. MU hei. Iks 30.1911
T J, tlrlfHthet came up from Kail*-
pell, Mont., Tuesdar last for the pur-
pose of attending tbe funeral of bis
friend Evan Kvan*. Mr. mt4 Mrs,
flrtmtb* lef; for f.ethbrfdc* nti Fr?
4*», whet* Mr t.rttfithi experts to
*<*Vf »t* beiibtunrt*r* tn* »h t f. ft
as bi* t wilt ery ba* ncn* btm extended anil embraces a portion of Alberta,
Hasten British Columbia (oi wbleb
Fbfftta and Coal Crtek i* * parti aad
Verthem vbrntiti-t, %%*\ if ■»«,#,
The coMiiiln-ml fraternal noddies, In
- (injunction, wltlv the ladles' tletwvo»
lent Society, will hold a masquerade
<*>.i»i on Unnnry i>\ti iHums' nlgbtl ml
....   '..'-.'in* un., ferine,      Vixe pro-)
• wil* *ul be tieuiietl to relieving cas*|
•--» -of -t'-tttet-t fltf-f-Jinrfng lw tbt- town.
In rennet*Jon with tbe above Messrs'
l.ntiiont ;u») Stack, of Calgary, wlllj
mi.\,i«> lumnummon coetomes tor i»rt
s in victoria Hall on tbe afternoon ot
Sunday and Monday, January 241b and
TS.e regular monthly tea ot tbe Lad-
• f. i' fWM it rhr?«c rfe,urch arm be
i held ai tbe home of Mrtt i. I. Mac
•1«ri:\l1, Ui' A-.uhuc. WtiiluMStUj,
, -Jan. I'Mh, at -iM p.m,
J    W. I.. Phillip* baa now ^bunged bl*
j iinarters to C«» and Dallon Stree*. and
) V,n pboae number in nt.
(Contlnnrd from Tape Four) ':£. 7„
wel'ahaH, no doubt, receive the Ihtonma-
tion aa to 'how-fo^. experienced men
like Inspector Evans, Supt. Caufield,
and pit bosses Adamson and M-oFegan,
were overcome whitot tuntag tke
Dra«ger apparatus on. -The average
miner, and more especially those not
conversant with the working of the
mine reaoue apparatus are Jn a quandary as to how suoh came about And
greater la the wonderment when it
is realized that there waa no need of
hastily donning the apparatus, and the
short distance they had travelled.
-It is useless conjecturing aa to what
happened, and, It would be Improper to
condemn the apparatus mentioned until we have the causes explained.
We must take cognizance of the
fact that ihe pulmotors were more or
less instrumental Jn "rosusftltatlnic four
out of five men who collapsed, -heoeo
demonstrating the superiority of said
device over the old-fashioned -metihod
ot -manual artificial respiration.
Owing to the nature of certain accidents at Coal Creek during the past
year, I am convinced that it would be
the the proper thing to have .pulmotors
as well as many other things of that
nature In each district in a'l our Urge
mlnea througout the provinces.
liefore passing away from the denth
of inspector Bvans, and the narrow ea-
cape from death of a few others, one
cannot help but commenting upon tba
InadvtmbUlty of man entering a mine
so shortly after an explosion where
there ia naught but properly at itabe,
and in this particular Instance there
waa no danger of fire reaching other
mines, n North was -practically a new
mine nnd in no way ronn-ectad with
other mines,
it may be rather out of place for anyone like myself to comment on the
work of tbe late Inspector Evans, however, I feel that I am egprtsalng tba
opinion of the majority of the miners
of Michel and Coal Creek when t state
that Evans was fulfilling bis dutiaa aa
ln«p<*ctor as near as ha possibly could.
Tlw re l» another Important matter
I feel eomt»elled to comment tttmn nl
thl* time, and that Is the Inspection
committees appointed by the workmen
to periodically examine the mlnea,
fa order that those other than tain-
era -may uodaraUnd I would lit* to
point oat that the Mine* Hesitation
Acta -of B.C. and Albert* gives the
worker* of these Provinces tbe right
nt selecting from among their numbers
a committee to examine the mines at
least one* a aoath, or oftoner U <ooi>
tldered necessary, by said miners.
tt U tntareatiivg to- note thut In Alberta, when the government waa am-
eteiltm Ut* Mhve» Rftgubtlkm Act lor
said province, oar organisation was
told very plainly by their office** it
tbat period who. In tarn, had been told
rtirf deftnlMTy by tbo different officer*
ot tto OoTemmeoit. that the new ecf.
would,give their miners, if they so decided, the right to appoint any salaried
official of their organisation to Inspect
the mlnea on their behalf.
Our organisation felt lt necessary to
have such a clause In the act -owing to
the fact that it waB generally felt that
the average miner, -with hia family and
hia usual little ties in a camp, oould
not be alwaya depended upon to give a
conacientloua report of tbe state of the
mines. It may be thought that there
Is no necessity, for any apprehension
on thia account, but though thy state-
raenta may not be generally accepted,
owing to the position I hold and the
possibility of prejudice in dealing with
any queatlon affecting miners and
-their employers. I can atate without
rear of contradiction that the overwhelming majority of our men are
afraid to make a conscientious roport
of the condition of a mine, and what's
more the majority of our men decline
to accept auch an onerous position.
There is no questioning the truth of
the old adage, tbat there are more
ways of killing a pig than one, and
any man possessed of average Intelligence must realise tbat a corporation
need not have extraordinary strategical ability to Wnd more waya than ono
of asking a miner for his resignation.
We know of Instances whore men
wore told definitely tbat thero wai no
work for them owing to tbelr activity
in defending tho IntereeU of their follow workers and themselves. The
writer haa a taint recollection of something or the kind happening to himself
a little over three yeara ago,
We will keep aa near borne as possible. Tho -Pernie minora' union bave
tried to fill the oft recurring vacanrios
on their respective mlnet Inspection
committees, and many dlacusslons
havo arisen from thoir reports, and
there were times when they conclnd-
ed it would be better to hsve no 'n-
speetlon committees. I well recall our
men explaining how Inspectors Graham
and Kvans threatened to select the Inspection committees themselves If onr
m-en refused to do so. I also recall at
a "P«cla! mass meeting of Gladstone
itoeet oeio in toe tirand Theatre, about
* j<-'>V' ***** nt* *ix*i>**JiiDii iMmmtUito
man reported that be could aot con-
•clentHomely iffo blv dwty and tvpmt to
retain bla Job. There wero a few who
adversely criticised ihe mnn. but the
uMjumy ttpprevtauNi une comet nwaa
of bla position aad admired Ms candid
Since that time, the question or In-
apectlon commllteee and thoir work
haa been frequently discussed, and we
find that about three w-tek* -am the
qvittton waa aaaln brought up, with
tliu it suit mat a motion waa adopted
to dispense with aald oomalttawu,
fn view of the foregoing brief ea-
planatton of the position of tbe average
man on Inspection committees. I feel
it would be well that tbe Mlnea De
portment see to bringing about aome
much needed reform.
Had we succeeded' in securing the
right we expected to enjoy in Alberta
—1. e., tho -opportunity of having an
official of the organization or aome
other independent party examine the
mines, we undoubtedly would not -have
averted all accidents, but I claim material assistance could have been derived from such inspections. However,
the Chief -Inspector of Mines, iMr. Stirling, gave a ruling or an interpretation
of the act which waa later endorsed
by Premier Sifton, precluding the possibility of any other than a man actually engaged *u the-coal face making
periodical Inspections. It accidents are
to be reduced to a minimum, I am
convinced we cannot have too rigid :<n
inspection of mines; nor on the other
hand, too minute a tost of a man's
qualification prior to his being allowed
to dig coal or even enter a mine.
Everyone who Is experienced in mining will agree that extraordinary precaution must be -taken by all, from
manager to trapper boy, It we are out
for reacts,
Many other points might be cited,
but I will not digress any further at
thia time,
I truat, If this letter should come
to the attention of the Minister of
Mines, that our repreaentatlve in parliament (-Mr. W, R. Roas), tho Ohlef
Inspector of Mlnea, or any otber party
who Is able to In a email way do anything that will bavw for its purpose the
elimination of all accidents possible,
that they will act. t can assure them
they will hnvo the co-operation of
those whom I bave tbe honor to represent, oa well aa all my fellow officers.
If Ihey (the officials of the Mlnea Dc
pertmnnt) ie desire.
In conclusion, I would add that If
any of the officers of the -Mine* De*
partment wowld care to eonaolt my -colleagues or myself at any time we are
ready and willing to lend whatever assistance we can.
I am not unmindful of the fact, that
we cannot give expert evidence on
every <*eee of ooal mining, aOll, at
.ul9 *99**tm t4mtt., * *v«-« ■ntm* *ttt*  mtUtnttf
llrr, tmrii n«* Mu- &J3t)li.iw ttf M-tow,
etc., should not be above accepting a
suggestion, even from a trapper boy.
Sincerely hoping that nny Inqnlry
which will be held In consoqnance m
'.... 9t,. ?v*t»& --I**'**?*'-*,*. ****** mum
way minimise the altogether too frequent accidents wblch are happening
of late.
I am,
Yours truly,
The following letter has been received *oy Mr, Arthur Fergusson, steap-
titter, Fernie, from Thomaa Strain, a
brother of John Strain, who left Fernie
with the first contingent or reservlats:
Alta Vista P.O., Vancouver, b.C.
30th December, 1914.'
Dear Sir,—Enclosed you will find
a copy of a letter my mother received today notifying her of the
death ot my dear brother at the
Aa Dick had so many friends In
Pernie, Including yourself, I will- feel
Indebted to you ir you will kindly
hand this copy to the local news-
.papers aa I cannot find the  addresses of all his friend*.   -Dick had
such a high opiuiou of you that I
feel sure you won't conalder this act
to his memory any trouble.     The
notification waa accompanied by a
message of sympathy from the king.
Youra truly,
Infantry Records Office,
Island Bridge, Dublin,
Dec. 10th, 1911
To Mrs. M. 8traln.
■Madam,—It la my painful duty to
Inform you that a report haa thia
day been received from tbo War
Office noting -the death of No.
7319. Private R. Strain, of the Royal
innlslUIIIng Fusiliers, wblch occurred at "Tho Front" on tho 17th day
of (November, 1914, and I am to express to you tbe sympathy and regret or the Army Council at your
loss. The cause of death wae
Killed In Action
Any application you may wish to
mako regarding the lata soldiers effects ahould be nude to Tbe Secretary, War Office, Whitehall, London.
S. W„ and marked on the outside
"Deceased Soldiers' Hffecta.M
I iwn. iMadatu,
Vour Obedient Uei'viuit,
Pt liAW W1LLIA-M*. Caw.,
Officer In Charge of Records,
Classified Ads,-Cent * Word
HOUSE FOR RENT—Four rooms;
West Fernie.   Apply, A, Luke, Box 381.
FOR SA1,E CHBAP-tf wo pair heavy
Bob Sleighs, practically aow. Apply,
S. Graham, co., The 41 Meat -Moricet,
Sunday next, January 10th, at 8 -pjn.,
William Minton will apeak lh tho Socialist Hull, subject, 'Scientific Socialism." Cordial invitation is extended
to all, especially opponents, aa discussion Is welcomed. ,.
January 17th, Alt Budden will be tho
speaker of tho evening, Further particulars will bc furnlsbod tn next Issue.
Socialist Dance
A most enjoyable dance, held, under
tho auspices of the 8. P. of C took
plnco In the Socialist Hall on Pellatt
Avenue, on -Saturday last
Tbere wns a very large attendance
or trippers or tbo light fantastio and
expressions of -pleasure were hoard on
every aide on the excellent music provided by William Alton's four-Dtooo orchestra. This success has embolden-,
ad the committee to hsve another
dance Saturday next, January lib,
when the same musicians will famish
the ■weet sounds,
A mass meeting ot tbe above local
union will be held In tbe Grand Then-
tro, Fernie, on Sunday next, Jul 10th,
at ? pm, to appoint delegates tor Convention* and other important matter*. Proaldent W. h, PWIlipa aad
inter. Hoard Member David Rim will
be, In attendance. Aft members are
requested to attend,
T, limiUL, Soerotarr.
All members are requested to attend
above Lodge on Monday next, Jan. 11.
to meet District Chief Ranger Wilaon.
Holiness at •*, Social at 1.45 >.m.
Mr. Alexander Macnell Is receiving
Oi/t r*i\firrrn»ti1**fft"*i*M<» r>9 M *>  mini' t^nrvtlit
friends on bla recent enlistment in the
noble army of benedicts, which took
place In the City of Calgary. December
aoth, when be was joined ia tho My
bonds of matrimony to Mlas Winifred
Tomer, a former resident of Sbedtae,
N. a, and who, for the past two years
haa boen one of tbe teaching staff in
the Central School or Fernie,
■ Mt. and Mrs. Macnell will reside In
FeraJ-e. A host of friend*, in which
tht Valuer joins, with tbe newly-
married couple long llf* and bappt-
Joseph Thomas, superintendent of
tbo Passburg Mines,   Ud.,   was   In
<r*  ....,'     it -i      _ ■    -» tt     ...   : ;.i .    ,,
ermdHliyn-j'tiTe not ,v*ry Hvety \n tlint
locality, but it la expected thit there
will bo an Improvement In the near
t   V>  Oi*m*H*   rr.t.*rrt„9   nm*.;}/*****   *l   TV.
triet 18. U. M, W, of A, joet roceheJ
the >ad Intelligence thnt bis mother
rccoitiy pained awsy la Whltehaver.,
Cnmberland, at tht rips oM age of Ta.
liana Butler, aged #1 years, was
struck by a C. P. II. train on tho Kootenay Central line near Ban River, on
Xew Year's Kve, and tnstawtly Wiled,
The coroner's jury returned t vtitfet
of accidental death, exonerating tbs
train crew, Tht body wm brought
Into Fernie an Sunday sad will -be interred here.


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